WorldWideScience

Sample records for hospital oswaldo cruz

  1. Oswaldo Cruz e a controvérsia da sorologia Oswaldo Cruz and the serology controversy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Augusto Carreta

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available A fim de analisar a discussão sobre a eficácia do soro antipestoso produzido pelo Instituto de Manguinhos no começo do século XX, faz-se breve apreciação da atuação de Oswaldo Cruz à frente da Diretoria de Saúde Pública e, em seguida, aborda-se a polêmica propriamente por meio da sua correspondência com Miguel Pereira, Vital Brazil, Chapot Prévost e Francisco Fajardo. Evidencia-se, nessas cartas, o grau de incerteza e experimentação que marcava a bacteriologia no Brasil daquele momento, embora, publicamente, ela se apresentasse como conhecimento seguro e inquestionável. Mostra-se como argumentos de natureza extracientífica interferem no desenvolvimento de pesquisas e na aceitação dos produtos médicos.This analysis of the discussion surrounding the efficacy of the plague serum produced by Manguinhos Institute in the early twentieth century begins with an overview of Oswaldo Cruz's service as head of the Public Health Directorship (Diretoria de Saúde Pública. The controversy itself is then addressed, through an exploration of correspondence exchanged by physicians Oswaldo Cruz, Miguel Pereira, Vital Brazil, Chapot Prévost, and Francisco Fajardo. Their letters reveal how bacteriology in Brazil was then marked by uncertainty and experimentation, even while this field of knowledge publicly touted itself as safe and incontestable. The article shows how arguments of an extra-scientific nature interfere with both research development and the acceptance of medical products.

  2. Language and organizational culture in the Oswaldo Cruz institute 1900-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Franklin Hanes

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7968.2017v37n1p230 The medical literature consumed and produced by the Oswaldo Cruz Institute and the circulation of its personnel in foreign institutions from its beginnings in 1900 through the Vargas coup d’état in Brazil in 1930 testify to the complex, multilingual and international nature of scientific networking in and beyond the belle époque and challenge notions of behavior associated with colonial economic models. To explore the parameters of the Institute’s early organizational culture with respect to language, three of its publications from this period will be examined: a 1911 promotional booklet in German, which details the Institute’s journal holdings and the publications of its researchers; a 1929 English-language travelogue of leprosy treatment centers worldwide; and the journal Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (1909-, which published articles in five languages during this period. The results indicate that the Institute’s flexible, avidly multilingual language policy, partially the result of Brazil’s peripheral, neutral political situation, led to a very strong multilateral position in the scientific community that provided both visibility and recognition as a full peer in the then-internationally emerging field of Tropical Medicine.

  3. Helminths of rabbits (Lagomorpha, Leporidae deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Magalhães Pinto

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available Helminth samples (n = 35 recovered from Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus, 1758 Lilljeborg, 1873 (3 and from another rabbit species, Sylvilagus brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1758 Thomas, 1901 (32, from August 1909 to February 1948 and that are deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute were analyzed. The studied samples were represented by the cysticercus of the cestode Taenia pisiformis (Bloch, 1780 and by the nematodes Passalurus ambiguus (Rudolphi, 1819, Vianella fariasi (Travassos, 1915, Longistriata perfida Travassos, 1943, Trichostrongylus retortaeformis (Zeder, 1800. The scope of the present investigation is to survey the parasites infecting these hosts, commonly used as laboratory animal models in scientific research and supply figurative data on the helminths in order to provide their easy identification, since the presence of autochthonous parasite burdens, if undetected or misinterpreted, can alter the final results of experimental assays, mainly those related to immunological approaches, when cross-reactions can occur.Trinta e cinco amostras de helmintos coletadas de Oryctolagus cuniculus (Linnaeus, 1758 Lilljeborg, 1873 (3 e de uma outra espécie de coelho, Sylvilagus brasiliensis (Linnaeus, 1758 Thomas, 1901 (32, de agosto de 1909 a fevereiro de 1948 e que estão depositadas na Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, foram analisadas. As amostras estudadas estão representadas pelo cisticerco do cestóide Taenia pisiformis (Bloch, 1780 e pelos nematóides Passalurus ambiguus (Rudolphi, 1819, Vianella fariasi (Travassos, 1915, Longistriata perfida Travassos, 1943, Trichostrongylus retortaeformis (Zeder, 1800. O objetivo da presente investigação é o de inventariar os parasitos que infectam estes hospedeiros, comumente utilizados como modelos de animais de laboratório na pesquisa científica e fornecer dados figurativos sobre os helmintos a fim de facilitar sua identificação, uma vez que

  4. Scientific collections, tropical medicine and the development of entomology in Brazil: the contribution of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sá, M Romero

    2008-12-01

    The entomological collection of the Institute Oswaldo Cruz is one of the most representative of neotropical insects, comprising a diverse variety of specimens of distinct taxonomic groups, including those not linked to research in tropical medicine. The present work retraces the history of the collection and reports on its main actors and their professional relationships, emphasizing the peculiarity of such an important collection still being housed in a medical research institution.

  5. O QUE CONTAM OS SAMBISTAS DE MADUREIRA E OSWALDO CRUZ SOBRE AS RODAS DE SAMBA NOS QUINTAIS DA PERIFERIA SUBURBANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina da Conceição Silva

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Cristina da Conceição Silva DOI: 10.12957/periferia.2013.15322O presente artigo visa abordar as contribuições culturais do negro na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, a partir dos encontros festivos, acompanhados de comidas e rodas de samba, nos quintais suburbanos de Madureira e Oswaldo Cruz. Para o seu desenvolvimento, abordaremos fatos que envolvem o advento da Reforma Urbana da cidade carioca, que teve início em 1903, com o Prefeito Pereira Passos, incentivada pelo presidente Rodrigues Alves. O presidente levantou os recursos e o prefeito pôde realizar as obras e a higienização da cidade ficou nas mãos do médico Oswaldo Cruz, diretor do Serviço de Saúde Pública. A reforma urbana carioca foi inspirada na reforma feita em Paris no século XIX, entre 1853 e 1870, e ficou conhecida como Bota-Abaixo. Em sua gestão, Passos modernizou a Zona Portuária, criou a Avenida Central (hoje Rio Branco a Avenida Beira-Mar e a Avenida Maracanã. Esse episódio provocou o deslocamento dos negros que viviam no centro da cidade, pela malha ferroviária, para a geografia suburbana. Esses grupos étnicos, frente à ausência de políticas de entretenimento na geografia suburbana, fazem de seus quintais um espaço de convivência, onde o ritmo do samba, iguarias e encontros entre amigos funcionam como elementos de socialização. Para o desenvolvimento deste artigo foram utilizadas bibliografias acerca da temática e das narrativas dos sambistas moradores dos bairros de Madureira e Oswaldo Cruz.

  6. A trajetória do periódico científico na Fundação Oswaldo Cruz: perspectivas da Biblioteca de Ciências Biomédicas The trajectory of scientific periodicals at the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz: perspectives of the Biomedical Sciences Library

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeorgina Gentil Rodrigues

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Descreve a formação do acervo de periódicos científicos da Biblioteca de Ciências Biomédicas da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Destaca a coleção de periódicos científicos raros, que se estende do século XVIII ao XX e contempla valiosos trabalhos na área das ciências biológicas e da saúde. Apresenta a criação da instituição por Oswaldo Cruz e a organização da biblioteca. Documenta o empenho da Biblioteca de Ciências Biomédicas em promover o acesso ao periódico científico em diferentes formatos tecnológicos.The article describes the formation of the scientific periodicals collection of the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Biomedical Sciences Library. It highlights the collection of rare scientific periodicals that extends from the 18th century to the 20th and encompasses valuable works in the biological sciences and health fields. The work also includes the creation of the institute by Oswaldo Cruz and the organization of the Library and documents the efforts of the Biomedical Sciences Library to promote access to scientific periodicals in different technological formats.

  7. The type specimens of mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae deposited in the entomological collection of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verônica Marchon-Silva

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available A list of type specimens of 100 mosquito species deposited in the Entomological collection of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz is presented. It includes five holotypes belonging to the subfamily Anophelinae; 56 holotypes of Culicinae and two of Toxorhynchitinae. A lectotype is designated for Toxorhynchites fluminensis. The holotypes of six nominal species - Psorophora chiquitana, Psorophora circunflava, Psorophora melanota, Psorophora lanei, Wyeomyia brucei and Uranotaenia noctivaga - previously considered non existent or of unknown location were found in the collection.

  8. Um brasileiro no Reich de Guilherme II: Henrique da Rocha Lima, as relações Brasil-Alemanha e o Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 1901-1909 A Brazilian in the Reich of Wilhelm II: Henrique da Rocha Lima, Brazil-Germany relations and the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 1901-1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Felipe Cândido da Silva

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta a trajetória do médico brasileiro Henrique da Rocha Lima, um dos primeiros a compor o grupo de jovens pesquisadores do Instituto Soroterápico de Manguinhos (Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Examina sua primeira viagem à Alemanha, onde se especializou em microbiologia e anatomia patológica, configurando sua identidade profissional. As tensões e dilemas enfrentados por Rocha Lima permitem melhor compreender o que significava a dedicação à carreira científica no Brasil do início do século XX. Ademais, lançam luz sobre a importância das relações com o mundo germânico para a medicina experimental que se instituía sob a liderança de Oswaldo Cruz.This article follows the career of the Brazilian physician Henrique da Rocha Lima, one of the first to join the group of young researchers working at the Instituto Soroterápico de Manguinhos (Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. It describes his first voyage to Germany where he specialized in microbiology and pathological anatomy, training that shaped his subsequent professional identity. The tensions and dilemmas experienced by Rocha Lima provide an insight into what it meant to dedicate oneself to a scientific career in Brazil at the start of the twentieth century. They also reveal the importance of the relations with the German-speaking world for the experimental medicine that became established under the leadership of Oswaldo Cruz.

  9. Type material of Platyhelminthes housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016 (Rhabditophora, Trematoda and Cestoda)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Daniela A.; Mainenti, Adriana; Knoff, Marcelo; Gomes, Delir Corrêa

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The second part of the catalogue of type material deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), between 1979 and 2016, is presented, to complement the first list of all types that was published in 1979. This part includes Platyhelminthes other than monogenoids, which were covered in the first part published in September 2016. The present catalogue comprises type material for 104 species, distributed across three classes, 40 families and 75 genera. Species names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality and specimens with their collection numbers and references. The classification and the nomenclature of the species have been updated. PMID:28769607

  10. Type material of Platyhelminthes (Monogenoidea) housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Daniela A.; Mainenti, Adriana; Sanches, Magda; Knoff, Marcelo; Gomes, Delir Corrêa

    2016-01-01

    Abstract A catalogue of type material of monogenoids deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), between 1979 and 2016, is presented, given that the last list of types was produced in 1979. The monogenoid collection comprises type lots for 203 species, distributed across 14 families and 68 genera. Specific names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality, specimens with the collection numbers and references. The classification and the nomenclature of the species have been updated. PMID:27667946

  11. Type material of Platyhelminthes housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016 (Rhabditophora, Trematoda and Cestoda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela A. Lopes

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The second part of the catalogue of type material deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC, between 1979 and 2016, is presented, to complement the first list of all types that was published in 1979. This part includes Platyhelminthes other than monogenoids, which were covered in the first part published in September 2016. The present catalogue comprises type material for 104 species, distributed across three classes, 40 families and 75 genera. Species names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality and specimens with their collection numbers and references. The classification and the nomenclature of the species have been updated.

  12. Estudo de 26 casos de Paracoccidioidomicose avaliados no Serviço de Otorrinolaringologia da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ A study of 26 cases of Paracoccidioidomycosis evaluated at the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ Otorhinolaryngology Service

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco X. Palheta-Neto

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available A Paracoccidioidomicose (PCM é uma micose profunda sistêmica causada por um fungo dimorfo, de aspecto microscópico similar a roda de leme de navio, o Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb. A PCM apresenta distribuição geográfica restrita ao continente americano, acomete sobretudo indivíduos do sexo masculino, sem predileção por raça. Seu quadro clínico é bastante variado. OBJETIVO: Realizar análise epidemiológica de 26 casos de PCM avaliados no Setor de Otorrinolaringologia da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz - FIOCRUZ. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Clínico retrospectivo. MATERIAL E MÉTODO: Estudou-se retrospectivamente 26 prontuários de pacientes com manifestações otorrinolaringológicas da PCM atendidos no período de outubro de 1998 a setembro de 2001. Avaliou-se: sexo, idade, profissão, grau de escolaridade, se etilistas e/ou tabagistas, sintomatologia, local das lesões, presença de co-infecção, exames complementares realizados e opção terapêutica. RESULTADOS: 23 (88,5% pacientes eram do sexo masculino e 3 (11,5% do sexo feminino, com idade entre 32 e 72 anos. 11 (42,3% pacientes eram agricultores e 21 (80,8% tabagistas e/ou etilistas. Os locais mais comumente atingidos foram a epiglote e a parede nasal lateral. Utilizaram-se derivados sulfamídicos para o tratamento de 14 (53,9% pacientes e imidazólicos em 12 (46,1% casos. DISCUSSÃO: Lesões pulmonares podem ser confundidas com tuberculose, devido a suas semelhanças clínicas e radiográficas. A desnutrição pode predispor quadros clínicos de extrema gravidade. CONCLUSÃO: A anamnese detalhada dos pacientes portadores de PCM revela importantes aspectos, como procedência e hábitos pessoais. A atuação interdisciplinar, sobretudo de médicos e dentistas, colabora para um precoce diagnóstico e adequado acompanhamento do doente.Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM is an acute systemic mycosis caused by a dimorphous fungus, Paracoccidioides brasiliensis (Pb, whose appearance under the

  13. Erradicação da poliomielite no Brasil: a contribuição da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schatzmayr Hermann G.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available A erradicação dos vírus selvagens da poliomielite nas Américas constituiu um marco notável da saúde pública no continente americano. A Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz contribuiu de forma decisiva para este resultado de várias formas, como o apoio laboratorial do Centro Nacional de Enteroviroses, do Departamento de Virologia do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, a formulação e o fornecimento da vacina oral por Bio-Manguinhos, o apoio laboratorial e epidemiológico da Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública e o controle das vacinas pelo Instituto Nacional de Controle da Qualidade em Saúde. A Fiocruz também desenvolveu importantes projetos de pesquisa em enterovírus. Sendo a poliomielite ainda um problema para vários países do mundo, é oportuno relatar a importância do trabalho realizado pela Fiocruz para a erradicação da doença no Brasil e nas Américas.

  14. Os cientistas brasileiros visitam a Amazônia: as viagens científicas de Oswaldo Cruz e Carlos Chagas (1910-1913 Brazilian scientists visit the Amazon: the scientific journeys of Oswaldo Cruz and Carlos Chagas (1910-13

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio César Schweickardt

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Analisa os relatórios das duas viagens científicas do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz à Amazônia, realizadas em 1910 e 1913, sob a liderança respectivamente de Oswaldo Cruz e Carlos Chagas. Os relatórios colaboraram na construção de representações e imagens sobre a região. As observações de campo, além de trazerem questões para o estudo e controle das doenças tropicais, inserem-se no movimento de denúncia das graves condições sanitárias dos trabalhadores da borracha. A viagem pelo vale amazônico possibilita o encontro direto dos cientistas com o ambiente e as populações doentes e confronta-os com o grande desafio de conhecer e controlar a malária. A análise desses relatórios insere-se nos estudos sobre os 'retratos do Brasil', que buscam trazer questões para a história das políticas públicas de saúde. Trabalhamos com as fontes primárias (dos manuscritos ao texto oficial, buscando mostrar o processo de construção de um registro científico.The article analyzes reports from two scientific journeys into the Amazon conducted by the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, in 1910 and 1913, under the leadership of Oswaldo Cruz and Carlos Chagas, respectively. These reports contributed to the construction of representations and images of the region. Field observations not only provided data for the study and control of tropical diseases but also had a hand in the movement to denounce the serious sanitation conditions under which rubber workers labored. Journeys through the Amazon valley put the scientists in direct contact with the environment and with sick populations; these travels also made them face the huge challenges of learning about malaria and trying to control it. Analyses of these reports are part of studies on 'portraits of Brazil', which raise issues within the history of public health policies. In this endeavor to reveal the process by which scientific records are constructed, we worked with primary sources, from manuscripts to

  15. Expedições científicas, fotografia e intenção documentária: as viagens do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (1911-1913 Scientific expeditions, photography, and documental intent: the Oswaldo Cruz Institute expeditions (1911-1913

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Villela Bandeira de Mello

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Analisa as séries fotográficas produzidas pelo Instituto Oswaldo Cruz em expedições científicas ao interior do Brasil, realizadas entre 1911 e 1913. Detém-se na expedição liderada por Arthur Neiva e Belisário Penna e na elaboração do seu discurso documentário. Explicita escolhas e ênfases adotadas na elaboração de cada texto visual, expresso tanto no material produzido durante o percurso quanto na seleção das imagens para publicação. As análises quantitativa e qualitativa das imagens da expedição de Neiva e Penna revelam um percurso narrativo que articula o meio natural, a vida social e as evidências de adoecimento das populações interioranas, para a constituição de um discurso que difunde o movimento pelo saneamento dos sertões.The article analyzes the photographic series produced by the Oswaldo Cruz Institute in reference to scientific expeditions into the interior of Brazil between 1911 and 1913, with a special focus on the one headed by Arthur Neiva and Belisário Penna and on the development of their documentary discourse. It draws out the choices and emphases used in preparing each visual text, expressed both in the material produced during the journeys and in the process of selecting images for publication. The study's quantitative and qualitative analyses of images from the Neiva-Penna expedition uncover a narrative journey that articulates the natural environment, social life, and evidence of the sickly status of residents of the interior to shape a discourse that disseminates the nascent movement to sanitize the sertão regions.

  16. Satisfação e responsividade em serviços de atenção à saúde da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz User satisfaction and responsiveness in the healthcare services at Fundação Oswaldo Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Hollanda

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute resultados de uma pesquisa sobre satisfação dos usuários com o atendimento em três unidades assistenciais da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz na Cidade do Rio de Janeiro, tomando como base as categorias satisfação do usuário e responsividade. Pesquisou-se as percepções e as opiniões de pacientes ambulatoriais sobre o atendimento no Instituto de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro Chagas, Instituto Fernandes Figueira e Centro de Saúde Escola Germano Sinval Faria. Foram aplicados questionários a partir de amostras intencionais para cada unidade, em um total de 1.339 questionários válidos. A pesquisa encontrou uma alta satisfação entre os usuários, principalmente com o atendimento dos profissionais de saúde. Porém, itens específicos, tais como limpeza dos banheiros e privacidade durante as consultas, não foram bem avaliados. A melhoria desses aspectos depende não somente de investimentos em recursos financeiros e tecnológicos, mas de mudanças na cultura organizacional. Inicialmente é feita uma discussão da literatura sobre satisfação do usuário, identificando os conceitos que nortearam a pesquisa. Em seguida, descrevem-se as etapas metodológicas, as quatro dimensões dos serviços avaliadas - dignidade, agilidade, instalações e informação - e se analisa os resultados da pesquisa.The paper discusses the results of research into user satisfaction in three healthcare facilities at Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro. The analysis is based on the concepts of user satisfaction and responsiveness. Perceptions and opinions of outpatients from Instituto de Pesquisa Evandro Chagas, Instituto Fernandes Figueira and Centro de Saúde Escola Germano Sinval Faria were investigated. Intention samples were drawn for each institution and a total of 1.339 valid questionnaires were obtained. The study found that patients are satisfied with healthcare at Fiocruz, especially with health professionals. Nevertheless, restroom hygiene

  17. Proposta de regulamentação do reconhecimento de resultado de aprendizagem para os servidores da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz – Fiocruz / Regulation proposal to a learning and results recognition for the workers of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation - Fiocruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Augusto Wendt Mischiatti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo propor um novo sistema remuneratório que valorize os servidores da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz – Fiocruz para os cargos de Analistas e Tecnologistas com base na competência adquirida por esses profissionais, desvinculando-se, assim, da mera remuneração por títulos formais, vigente atualmente. O processo de valorização dos trabalhadores refletindo em suas remunerações apresenta-se como um dos campos mais importantes para o serviço de gestão de pessoas. Toda organização deve ter um sistema remuneratório de acordo com suas especificidades e condições. A metodologia utilizada neste artigo é a pesquisa de ação, empírica, aplicada e qualitativa. Foi aplicado um questionário, o qual um total de 23 servidores responderam; dentre tais: 09 tecnologistas e 14 analistas. Assim, o presente documento analisa as respostas com o modelo de Likert e a extração de medidas descritivas de cada variável, com o cálculo da média, mediana, variância e do desvio-padrão. Como resultado é proposta uma nova metodologia, baseada em gestão por competências para remunerar os servidores (analistas e tecnologistas da Fiocruz.

  18. Sobre a validade das espécies pertencentes ao gênero Prosthogonimus Luehe, 1899, da coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Kohn

    1972-01-01

    Full Text Available Os autores estudam todo o material brasileiro pertencente ao gênero Prosthogonimus Luehe, 1899, depositado na Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, determinado e sem determinação, e concluem que apesar de apresentar grande variação em seus caracteres, pertence à uma única espécie Prosthogonimus ovalus (Rudolphi, 1803. Essa variação já havia sido observada anteriormente por Travassos (1922-1928 e confirmada experimentalmente por Boddeke (1960. São apresentadas 49 figuras e 5 quadros com as medidas correspondentes, mostrando as variações encontradas.The authors study the Brazilian material of the genus Prosthogonimus Luehe, 1899, deposited in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, determined and without determination and conclude: although showing a great variation in its characters, it belongs to a single species: Prosthogonimus ovalus (Rudolphi, 1803. This variation was remarked by Travassos (1922 and 1928 and experimentally confirmed by Boddeke (1960. Forty nine figures and five measurement tables are presented, showing all these variations.

  19. Type material of Acanthocephala, Nematoda and other non-helminths phyla (Cnidaria, Annelida, and Arthropoda) housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopes, Daniela A.; Gomes, Delir Corrêa; Knoff, Marcelo

    2017-01-01

    Abstract The third part of the catalogue of type material in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/FIOCRUZ (CHIOC), comprising types deposited between 1979 and 2016, is presented to complement the first list of all types that was published in 1979. This part encompasses Acanthocephala, Nematoda and the other non-helminth phyla Cnidaria, Annelida, and Arthropoda. Platyhelminthes was covered in the first (Monogenoidea) and second (Rhabditophora Trematoda and Cestoda) parts of the catalogue published in September 2016 and March 2017, respectively. The present catalogue comprises type material for 116 species distributed across five phyla, nine classes, 50 families, and 80 genera. Specific names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality, and specimens with their collection numbers and references. Species classification and nomenclature are updated. PMID:29134026

  20. Type material of Acanthocephala, Nematoda and other non-helminths phyla (Cnidaria, Annelida, and Arthropoda housed in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/ FIOCRUZ (CHIOC, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 1979 to 2016

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela A. Lopes

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The third part of the catalogue of type material in the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute/FIOCRUZ (CHIOC, comprising types deposited between 1979 and 2016, is presented to complement the first list of all types that was published in 1979. This part encompasses Acanthocephala, Nematoda and the other non-helminth phyla Cnidaria, Annelida, and Arthropoda. Platyhelminthes was covered in the first (Monogenoidea and second (Rhabditophora Trematoda and Cestoda parts of the catalogue published in September 2016 and March 2017, respectively. The present catalogue comprises type material for 116 species distributed across five phyla, nine classes, 50 families, and 80 genera. Specific names are listed systematically, followed by type host, infection site, type locality, and specimens with their collection numbers and references. Species classification and nomenclature are updated.

  1. Gestantes colonizadas pelo Streptococcus do grupo B e seus recém-nascidos: análise crítica da conduta adotada no Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Beta-hemolytic streptococcus in pregnant women and their newborn infants: a critical analysis of the protocol used at Fernandes Figueira Institute, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Del-Vecchio L. Costa

    2010-06-01

    3rd level maternity hospital, from January/2003 to December/2006. The intrapartum management was deemed correct when pregnant women were given prophylactic antibiotic at least four hours before delivery or when they did not receive medication but were submitted to elective cesarean section. The intrapartum management was considered incorrect when the pregnant woman was given antibiotic prophylaxis less than four hours before delivery, when the antibiotic prescription was inadequate or no prophylaxis had been prescribed. RESULTS: The prevalence of maternal colonization by GBS was 4.7%. The time when the vaginal/rectal swab was collected ranged between 14-40 (mean 32 weeks of gestation. Among the colonized mothers, 54 (43% received correct intrapartum management. Among 133 studied infants, 95 (71% received a correct diagnosis; 17 (13% developed clinical sepsis and one (0.75% had proven bacterial sepsis. The incidence of sepsis was higher in infants whose mothers did not receive a correct intrapartum prophylaxis, but this difference was not significant (18 versus 7%, p>0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Although the guidelines to prevent perinatal GBS disease are in place, there are flaws in the intrapartum prophylaxis and in infants' evaluation. These flaws represent missed opportunities to prevent early onset GBS sepsis.

  2. Challenges and Perspectives for Tertiary Level Hospitals in Bolivia: The case of Santa Cruz de La Sierra Department.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medici, André

    2015-01-01

    Current legislation transferred public tertiary hospitals in Bolivia from the Municipalities to the Regional Level. However, the Regional Governments are experiencing technical and financial constraints to reform infrastructure, modernize equipment and introduce reforms to allow better governance, management and sustainability of these hospitals. This articles summarizes the recent experience of the Government of Santa Cruz de la Sierra in Bolivia where five tertiary hospitals and blood bank (most of them in precarious working conditions) has been transferred in 2012 from the Municipal Government of Santa Cruz (the capital) to the Regional Government of Santa Cruz. To face the challenges, the Regional Government of Santa Cruz implement several improvements, such as contract new clinical and administrative personal, increases hospital budgetary autonomy, outsource hospitals' auxiliary services, take measures to eliminate waiting lists and make several new investments to modernize and equip the hospitals. The World Bank was contracted to evaluated the future financial sustainability of these investments and to advice the Government to propose changes to increase the hospitals' management performance. The article describes the remaining challenges in these hospitals and the proposals from the World Bank Study. In the area of quality of care, the main challenge is to improve client satisfaction and continuous outcomes monitoring and evaluation according quality standards. In the area of financing, the challenge is how to assure the sustainability of these hospitals with the current level of health financing and the insufficient financial transfers from the National Government. In the area of Governance, reforms to streamline and simplify internal processes need to be introduced in order to establish mechanisms to increase transparency and accountability, allowing the hospital to have a good administration and adequate participation of the main actors in the guidance of

  3. O IMPACTO DA TECNOLOGIA DA INFORMAÇÃO NA GESTÃO HOSPITALAR: O CASO DO HOSPITAL SANTA CRUZ REVISITADO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis André Wernecke Fumagalli

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O ambiente geral do setor da saúde tornou-se altamente competitivo e concorrido a exemplo do que acontece no mundo corporativo. Neste contexto, é fundamental que os hospitais compreendam a importância da adoção de um sistema de informações hospitalares eficiente para que seus custos sejam reduzidos e tornem-se competitivos. São abordados aspectos de aumento de eficiência, produtividade e qualidade e de diminuição de custos através de um quadro sintético onde estão apresentados e organizados seus respectivos impactos na estratégia, nos processos e nos componentes sócio-técnicos do Hospital Santa Cruz e que pode ser aplicado em outros hospitais. O propósito deste estudo é identificar e descrever os impactos dos investimentos em tecnologia da informação nas diferentes áreas funcionais que compõem as empresas, com foco específico na gestão de organizações hospitalares. A partir deste quadro foi elaborada uma proposta avaliativa para a verificação empírica destes pressupostos teóricos. Para a elaboração deste trabalho foi utilizado o estudo de caso em caráter descritivo; os dados primários foram obtidos através de entrevistas com questionários estruturados com a direção da empresa e os gestores de finanças, dentro do ambiente de trabalho da empresa, e os dados secundários a partir da análise documental fornecida pela organização.

  4. Los libros donados por el primer conde de Haro al Hospital de la Vera Cruz de Medina de Pomar : un testimonio de la bibliofilia de un magnate en la Castilla de mediados del siglo XV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Arsuaga Laborde

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo tiene por objeto el análisis del inventario de los libros donados en 1455 por Pedro Fernández de Velasco (1401-1470, primer conde de Haro, al Hospital de la Vera Cruz de Medina de Pomar, cuyos manuscritos se custodian en la actualidad en los fondos documentales de la Bi blioteca Nacional de España. Dichas obras, de materia religiosa, moral, profana, jurídica e histórica, testimonian la bi bliofilia del conde. Asimismo, representan, en la Castilla de mediados del siglo XV, una clave para comprender el período denominado «fin de la Edad Media, o bien, pórtico del Renacimiento».The aim of this article is to analyse the inventory of books donated in 1455 by Pedro Fernández de Velasco (1401-1470, first count of Haro, to the Vera Cruz Hospital of Medina de Pomar. The original manuscripts are cu rrently found in the collection of the Bi blioteca Nacional de España (National Library of Spain. These books of religious, moral, profane, juridical and historical nature reveal the count’s bi bliophilia. Moreover, in mid-fifteenth century Castile, they are key to understanding what is known as the end of the Middle Ages or the gateway to the Renaissance.

  5. Viability and molecular authentication of Coccidioides immitis strains from culture collection of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezerra, Claudia C F; de Lima, Renata F; Lazera, Márcia S; Wanke, Bodo; Borba, Cíntia M

    2006-01-01

    Twenty Coccidioides immitis strains were evaluated. Only 5 of the 20 strains kept under mineral oil maintained their viability while all 5 subcultures preserved in water remained viable and none of the 13 subcultures kept in soil were viable. A 519 bp PCR product from the csa gene confirmed the identity of the strains.

  6. Valores de referência do RDW-CV e do RDW-SD e sua relação com o VCM entre os pacientes atendidos no ambulatório do Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz - Recife, PE

    OpenAIRE

    Monteiro, Leila

    2010-01-01

    O termo anisocitose indica o grau de variação do tamanho dos eritrócitos observado ao microscópio. Essa expressão, é observada no hemograma automatizado através de dois parâmetros: RDW-CV (Amplitude de Distribuição dos Eritrócitos medido como Coeficiente de Variação) e RDW-SD (o mesmo sendo medido como Desvio Padrão), que são calculados a partir do volume corpuscular médio (VCM), que representa a média do tamanho dos eritrócitos. Juntos, os dois parâmetros RDW e o VCM podem auxiliar no diagnó...

  7. [Hemoglobinopathies diagnosed at the University Hospital Ntra. Sra. de Candelaria and its area of reference in Santa Cruz de Tenerife during one year].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de las Heras Flórez, S; Pérez Hernández, L M

    2008-02-01

    To describe number and type of hemoglobinopathies diagnosed in our area of reference during one year as well as the origin of these patients, to have a first contact with this pathology not characterized in our province until now. All hemoglobinopathies diagnosed in one year were reviewed, either for suspected patients, after analyzing chromatogram to quantify hemoglobin (Hb) A1c or hemogram suspicious of beta-thalassemia. The screening method was high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC), to identify and quantify HbA2, HbS and HbC. The other variants were diagnosed at reference laboratory. 198 hemoglobinopathies were diagnosed, 105 after measure HbA1c. The more frequent diagnoses were beta-thalassemia trait and heterozygote HbS. 61.1% of patients are from Canary Islands, mainly from Tenerife. The high number of carriers found from Canary Islands, should be the start to design prospective studies on population groups, in order to know the hemoglobinopathies prevalence and to perform control and prevention official programs in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

  8. Caravaca de la cruz (Murcia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Andrés Sarasa

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available La pequeña ciudad histórica de Caravaca de la Cruz aprovecha la ventaja cualitativa que le ofrece la reliquia medieval de la Vera Cruz para convertirse en una ciudad turística. El mito religioso de la Cruz, tras la celebración en 2003 del Año Santo Jubilar, le permite crear un producto turístico que cambia la imagen de la ciudad. Este cambio se refleja en el análisis cualitativo y cuantitativo que se hace de los actores y escenarios del citado producto turístico. Todo ello matizado por la percepción que los residentes tienen de la transformación operada.

  9. Histoplasmose no Nordeste do Brasil. Relato de três casos** Trabalho realizado em parceria entre a Clínica de Pneumologia do Hospital Getúlio Vargas, Hospital de Ensino da UFPI na cidade de Teresina/PI e o laboratório de Micologia Médica do IPEC/ Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro/RJ, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antônio de Deus Filho

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A histoplasmose é uma micose endémica em certas áreas dos EUA e América Latina, causada pelo fungo dimórfico geofílico H. capsulatum. A descrição de casos no Nordeste do Brasil, embora não sendo área endémica, é de rara ocorrência, indicando a existência de microfocos em várias regiões. Razões precisas para esse padrão de distribuição são desconhecidas. Actividades relacionadas com a remoção do solo em tais locais estão associadas à exposição ao H. capsulatum. O objectivo desse trabalho é descrever três casos isolados de histoplasmose ocorridos na região Nordeste do Brasil, em indivíduos expostos a distintas actividades (demolição de domicílios, escavação de poços e exposição a morcegos.Rev Port Pneumol 2009; XV (1: 109-114 Abstract: Histoplasmosis is an endemic mycosis in specific areas of the U.S. and Latin America, caused by dimorphic geophilic fungus H. capsulatum. The description of cases in Brazil’s northeast, considering that this region isn’t an endemic area, indicates the existence of small outbreaks in several regions. Precise reasons for this pattern of distribution are still unknown. Activities related to the removal of soil in these places are associated with exposure to H. capsulatum. The objective of this work is to describe three isolated cases of histoplasmosis wich occurred in Brazil’s northeast region in individuals exposed to different activities (demolition of houses, wells diggers and exposure to bats.Rev Port Pneumol 2009; XV (1: 109-114 Palavras-chave: Histoplasmose, micose sistémica, cavador de poços, demolição, morcegos, Key-words: Histoplasmosis, systemic mycosis, wells diggers, demolition, bats

  10. Backscatter [SWATH]--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the acoustic-backscatter map of Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. Backscatter data are provided as three separate...

  11. Habitat--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the habitat map of the seafloor of the Offshore of Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  12. Folds--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the folds for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included...

  13. Faults--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the faults for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  14. Contours--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the bathymetric contours for several seafloor maps of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is...

  15. La Ex Hacienda de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berta Pinto de Estrada

    1975-06-01

    Full Text Available Ex hacienda Santa Cruz was chosen to show the differences in the geographic and economic structure, and the historic causes that originated them, as an example of ihe situation in the northem part of Campeche.

  16. Cruz e Sousa: As Expansibilidades do Emparedado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jair Tadeu Fonseca

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho examina alguns aspectos da relação entre literatura e “raça” na obra de Cruz e Sousa e em sua recepção crítica. Considerando seu texto “Emparedado” uma expressão poética de identidade cultural, este artigo aproxima a obra de Cruz e Souza do pensamento político de Frantz Fanon.

  17. In vitro antimicrobial activity of linezolid tested against vancomycin-resistant enterococci isolated in Brazilian hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reis Adriana O.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The emergence of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE has been described recently in Brazil. This is in contrast to the USA and Europe, where the VRE appeared in the late 1980s. The progressive increase in VRE isolation poses important problems in the antimicrobial therapy of nosocomial infections. Treatment options and effective antimicrobial agents for VRE are often limited and the possibility of transfer of vancomycin genes to other Gram-positive microorganisms continues. In the search for antimicrobial agents for multiresistant Gram-positive cocci, compounds such as linezolid and quinupristin/dalfopristin have been evaluated. The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vitro activity of the oxazolidinone linezolid and 10 other antimicrobial agents, including quinupristin-dalfopristin, against multiresistant enterococci isolated in Brazilian hospitals. Thirty-three vancomycin resistant isolates (17 Enterococcus faecium and 16 E. faecalis, were analyzed. Strains were isolated from patients at São Paulo Hospital, Oswaldo Cruz Hospital, Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual, Santa Marcelina Hospital, Santa Casa de Misericórdia de São Paulo, and Hospital de Clínicas do Paraná. The samples were tested by a broth microdilution method following the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS recommendations. All isolates were molecular typed using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE. Linezolid was the most active compound against these multiresistant enterococci, showing 100% inhibition at the susceptible breakpoints. Quinupristin/dalfopristin and teicoplanin showed poor activity against both species. The molecular typing results suggest that there has been interhospital spread of vancomycin resistant E. faecium and E. faecalis among Brazilian hospitals. The results of this study indicate that linezolid is an appropriate therapeutic option for the treatment of vancomycin-resistant enterococci infections in Brazil.

  18. Los inocentes, de Oswaldo Reynoso: estudio léxico (1961-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luisa Portilla Durand

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo constituye parte del estudio lexicográfico de la primera obra en prosa del escritor peruano Oswaldo Reynoso: Los inocentes (19611. En tal sentido, lo que pretendemos es presentar una muestra —sólo una muestra— de la riqueza léxica de esta obra y, asimismo,reconocer el aporte del autor al rescate del léxico peruano, sobretodo en el nivel de uso coloquial y popular2.Para llevar adelante este estudio, hemos revisado las tres últimas ediciones del DRAE: 1984, 1992 y 2001. Así, luego de leer Los inocentes, de Oswaldo Reynoso, organizamos un corpus básico de 46 palabras3 que por su uso difundido esperábamos encontrar en los diccionarios antes mencionados. Como resultado de la búsqueda, obtuvimos lo siguiente:de las 46 palabras seleccionadas, sólo una había sido incluida en el DRAE 84 —después de 23 años de haberse publicado Los inocentes—como parte de una forma compleja4: en pelo (no tener pelos en la lengua. (Véase nueva forma compleja incluida en el drae 84. A los 31 años de publicada la obra, encontramos en el DRAE 92 cinco inclusiones más: nos referimos al agregado de una acepción en el caso de las palabras1 La primera publicación de Los inocentes (1961 estuvo a cargo de Ediciones La Rama Florida, como parte de la colección de Narradores Peruanos Contemporáneos, dirigida por Washington Delgado.2 Esta clasificación la propone Luis Hernán Ramírez (1996 en “Niveles de uso lingüístico”.3 Optamos por seleccionar 46 palabras del corpus de Los inocentes por cumplirse, a la fecha (2007, 46 años de la primera publicación de la obra.4 Según se lee en las “Advertencias para el uso” en el DRAE 2001 (p. xl, las formas complejas son “aquellas series de palabras que, combinadas de una determinada manera, expresan conceptos no interpretables mediante la simple adición de los significados de sus componentes (de perlas,aceite virgen, no ganar para sustos”. Cuando éstas aparecen, se ubican en la

  19. Contribution of Oswaldo Paulo Forattini to public health: analysis of scientific production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reis, Juliana Gonçalves; Kobayashi, Keilla Miki; Ueno, Helene Mariko; Ribeiro, Cristiane Martins; Cardoso, Telma Abdalla de Oliveira

    2016-12-22

    To analyze the main characteristics of the scientific production of Oswaldo Paulo Forattini, researcher and, for 40 years, editor of Revista de Saúde Pública. Descriptive study with bibliometric approach conducted in three steps. (1) identification of bibliographic records using the following search strategy: "Oswaldo Paulo Forattini" OR "Forattini OP" OR "Forattini" up information sources Google Scholar, Web of Science, and PubMed, in July 2016, which retrieved 867 records. (2) composition of research corpus, in which we included 351 bibliographic records of articles, books, book chapters, editorials, book reviews, informative notes and annual reports of the RSP and excluded 516 duplicates and acknowledgement notes, obituary notes, and nonretrievable citations. (3) data organization and analysis, in which we built databases for descriptive analysis and development of the MeSH coauthors and terms networks in VOSviewer software. For analysis of editorials, three reviewers read the full text of each editorial and categorized them according to subject, historical context and perspectives, relating them with historical milestones. Forattini's scientific production occurred from 1946 to 2009, most consisting of articles (n = 218; 62.1%), editorials (n = 43; 12.3%), and books (n = 13; 3.7%). The main subjects were Culicidae (36.8%), Triatominae (12.5%), and Epidemiology (10.0%). The coauthors of articles were his professors, colleagues of his generation, and graduate students. His editorials addressed critical reflections on the production of knowledge, research priorities, and factors that contributed to or hindered progress. The scope of subjects is broad, referring to socioeconomic and scientific development, public health issues in developed countries, or global health. The analysis shows Forattini's commitment with public health, research with vectors, training of researchers, and scientific communication. Analisar as principais características da produ

  20. Coleções particulares incorporadas à Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (CHIOC. I: Coleção do Instituto Pasteur de São Paulo Private collections incorporated to the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute (CHIOC. I: Collection of the Pasteur Institute of São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dely Noronha

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho fornece dados históricos básicos sobre o primeiro acervo particular de helmintos a ser incorporado a uma coleção helmintológica institucional brasileira. As amostras são representadas por nematóides, trematódeos digenéticos e acantocéfalos parasitos de hospedeiros vertebrados e que são agora catalogados.This paper deals with data on the historical background of the first private helminth survey incorporated to an institutional helminthological collection in Brazil. The samples are represented by nematodes, digenetic trematodes and acanthocephalans recovered from vertebrate hosts, that are included in a check list.

  1. Viability and molecular authentication of Coccidioides immitis strains from culture collection of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Viabilidade e autenticação molecular de cepas de Coccidioides immitis da coleção de culturas do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia C.F. Bezerra

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Twenty Coccidioides immitis strains were evaluated. Only 5 of the 20 strains kept under mineral oil maintained their viability while all 5 subcultures preserved in water remained viable and none of the 13 subcultures kept in soil were viable. A 519 bp PCR product from the csa gene confirmed the identity of the strains.Vinte cepas de Coccidioides immitis foram avaliadas. Cinco das 20 cepas preservadas sob óleo mineral mantiveram-se viáveis, todas as 5 subculturas preservadas em água permaneceram viáveis e nenhuma das 13 subculturas mantidas em solo foi viável. Um produto de PCR de 519 pb do gene csa confirmou a identidade das cepas.

  2. Estudo comparativo da prevalência de Staphylococcus aureus importado para as unidades de terapia intensiva de hospital universitário, Pernambuco, Brasil Comparative study on the prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus imported to intensive care units of a university hospital, Pernambuco, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Maria de Morais Cavalcanti

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O Staphylococcus aureus é um dos principais patógenos que coloniza indivíduos saudáveis na comunidade e responde por infecções em pacientes hospitalizados. Um estudo transversal foi realizado para determinar a prevalência de S. aureus meticilina-resistente e sensível entre 231 pacientes, internados entre janeiro e abril de 2003, nas unidades de terapia intensiva (UTIs do Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz, assim como os possíveis fatores associados à colonização. Foram coletadas secreções de narinas, axilas, região perineal e dermatoses com soluções de continuidade, de todos os pacientes, nas primeiras 48 horas de internamento nas UTIs. O material foi semeado em meios de cultura adequados. A prevalência de S. aureus igualou-se a 37,7% (87/231, sendo 13% (30/231 meticilina-resistente e 24,8% (57/231 meticilina-sensível. Idade, sexo, uso de antibioticoterapia, corticoterapia, motivo e local do internamento não se associaram à presença do S. aureus ou do meticilina-resistente. Houve associação significante entre procedência hospitalar e colonização por S. aureus, independente da cepa, e entre internamento anterior e presença do S. aureus meticilina-resistente. As narinas foram o sítio de colonização mais significante, por S. aureus meticilina-resistente (47/57=82,4% e sensível (23/30=76,7%. Foi alta a prevalência do S. aureus (meticilina resistente ou sensível, assim como do meticilina-resistente entre os pacientes das UTIs deste hospital. Estudos futuros poderão comprovar se os resultados aqui descritos e medidas de rastreamento para S. aureus poderiam ser adotadas, de forma prospectiva, para se avaliar o risco, assim como a magnitude do efeito, no controle de infecções hospitalares provocadas por estes patógenos.Staphylococcus aureus is the most important pathogen that colonizes healthy individuals in the community and is responsible for infections in hospitalized patients. A cross-sectional study was

  3. Geology and geomorphology--Offshore Santa Cruz, California

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — This part of DS 781 presents data for the geologic and geomorphic map of the Offshore Santa Cruz map area, California. The vector data file is included in...

  4. Prevalence of Staphylococcus aureus introduced into intensive care units of a University Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana M.M. Cavalcanti

    Full Text Available Staphylococcus aureus is one of the principal human pathogens that colonize healthy individuals in the community in general, and it is responsible for severe infections in hospitalized patients. Due to an increase in the prevalence of strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA, combating these microorganisms has become increasingly difficult. A descriptive study was carried out on 231 patients in intensive care at the Oswaldo Cruz University Hospital (HUOC in Recife, Brazil between January and April 2003 to determine the prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA and to evaluate risk factors for colonization by these bacteria when introduced into Intensive Care Units (ICUs. Body secretions were collected from the nostrils, axillary and perineal regions, and from broken skin lesions, of all patients during the first 48 hours following admission to the ICU. Samples were inoculated into blood agar and mannitol-salt-agar culture medium and identified by Gram staining, and by coagulase, DNAse and agglutination (Slidex Staph Test® tests. Growth in Mueller-Hinton agar with 4% sodium chloride and 6mg/L oxacillin was used to identify MRSA. In addition, the latex agglutination test was performed to identify penicillin-binding protein, PBP 2A. The prevalence of S. aureus and MRSA was 87/231 (37.7% and 30/231 (12.98%, respectively. There was no association between any risk factor studied (age, sex, origin of the patient - whether hospital or community, previous hospitalization, use of current or previous antibiotic therapy, corticotherapy and/or immunotherapy, reason for hospitalization and place of hospitalization and the presence of S. aureus. However, a significant association was established between previous hospitalization and the presence of MRSA (RR:1.85; CI:1.00-3.41; p=0.041. The nostrils were the principal site of colonization by both S. aureus (80.4% and MRSA (26.4%, followed by the perineal area, with rates of 27.6% and 12.6%, respectively. If only

  5. Estimación del agua corporal total y del peso seco usando impedancia bioeléctrica tetrapolar de multifrecuencia en pacientes en hemodiálisis. Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Unidad Renal Fundación Hospital San Carlos, Cruz Roja y Centro de Investigación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Ramirez de Peña

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En la búsqueda de métodos confiables y sencillos para la medición de la composición corporal de los pacientes renales en hemodiálisis (HD y, particularmente, del agua total corporal (TBW, se ha utilizado la bioimpedancia tetrapolar de unifrecuencia (BIA-1 y, más recientemente, la bioimpedancia tetrapolar de multifrecuencia, (BIA-4 como métodos confiables a utilizar en pacientes renales. Es necesario conocer el agua total corporal y el peso seco lo más acertadamente posible, puesto que con ellos se determina el tratamiento dialítico, farmacológico y nutricional de los pacientes renales en hemodiálisis. Por esta razón, se realizó un estudio clínico controlado no aleatorizado en seis fases, desde el año 2001 al 2010, en el que participaron estudiantes de pregrado del Programa de Nutrición y Dietética de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, profesores de la Facultad de Medicina de la misma Universidad y el equipo de nefrólogos y nutricionistas de las unidades renales de la Fundación Hospital San Carlos, de la Cruz Roja y del Centro de Investigación de Enfermedades Crónicas de Bogotá, con el fin de establecer la confiabilidad del método, determinar una ecuación para conocer el agua total corporal de pacientes renales en HD colombianos, determinar un punto de corte utilizando la resistencia de la BIA para monitorear la cantidad de agua aumentada  interdiálisis de los pacientes, la presencia de síntomas, y conocer la utilidad de la normovolemia en la obtención del peso seco. Se encontró -al igual que en otros estudios- que la BIA-4 multifrecuencia es un método que ofrece enormes posibilidades en el estudio del paciente renal, al ser sensible a los cambios de la composición corporal del individuo, además de ser un método sencillo, indoloro, no invasivo y de fácil ejecución que permite establecer el peso seco, el estado nutricional, el agua extra e intracelular, la masa magra, la masa grasa, etc. También se logr

  6. Nesh Dhillon: Manager, Santa Cruz County Community Farmers' Markets

    OpenAIRE

    Rabkin, Sarah

    2010-01-01

    Nesh (pronounced “Naysh”) Dhillon is operations manager for the Santa Cruz Community Farmers’ Markets, which include locations in downtown and Westside Santa Cruz, Live Oak, Felton, and (added in 2009, after this oral history was recorded) Scotts Valley. All operate open year-round except the Felton market, which is open May through October. Dhillon’s parents both grew up poor—his father in a farming family in northern India, his mother in rural Oregon—but with a preference for fresh...

  7. "O Carro do Êxito" de Oswaldo de Camargo : a literatura de um negro em transição

    OpenAIRE

    Vinebaldo Aleixo de Souza Filho

    2012-01-01

    Resumo: A dissertação tem como objetivo analisar a relação entre a vida e a obra de Oswaldo de Camargo, jornalista, músico, poeta, ficcionista e estudioso de literatura negra brasileira. Interessa-nos interpretar o modo como esse autor se inseriu em diferentes organizações negras, entre os anos de 1950 e 1980. Além disso, estudamos seu livro de contos O Carro do Êxito (1972). Essa obra de ficção é central para o desenvolvimento de projetos literários negros de grande importância, na segunda m...

  8. Hospitals

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This database contains locations of Hospitals for 50 states and Washington D.C. , Puerto Rico and US territories. The dataset only includes hospital facilities and...

  9. Freqüência de indivíduos com intolerância à glicose em jejum em um hospital universitário: comparação de critérios diagnósticos Frequency of individuals with impaired fasting glucose in a university hospital: comparison of diagnostic criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilênia de Oliveira Cipriano

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A intolerância à glicose de jejum (IGJ, uma condição metabólica que na maioria das vezes precede o diabetes, geralmente não causa sintomas, necessitando da dosagem da glicemia de jejum para ser diagnosticada. Em 2003, o Comitê de Especialistas em Diagnóstico e Classificação do Diabetes Mellitus (Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus recomendou a redução do ponto de corte para o diagnóstico da IGJ de 110mg/dl para 100mg/dl, endossado pela Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes (SBD, em 2005. No entanto ainda não há consenso sobre a adoção desses valores. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a freqüência de pacientes com IGJ atendidos, de agosto a novembro de 2005, no Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz da Universidade de Pernambuco (HUOC/UPE, comparando os critérios de diagnóstico. Foram avaliadas glicemias de 428 indivíduos, sendo 65% do sexo feminino. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 52,3 anos (± 15,4, sendo que 78,3% desses estavam na faixa etária 40 anos. Do total da amostra, 4% tiveram glicemia de jejum sugestiva de diabetes ( 126mg/dl, enquanto 7% dos resultados foram compatíveis com IGJ, segundo os critérios anteriormente adotados ( 110mg/dl e Impaired fasting glucose (IFG, a condition that most times precedes diabetes, generally does not produce any symptoms. In 2003, the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus recommended a lower cutoff point (from 110mg/dl to 100mg/dl for fasting plasma glucose to confirm its diagnosis, a measure officially endorsed by the Brazilian Society of Diabetes (BSD in 2005. The objective of this study was to evaluate the frequency of patients who presented IFG seen at the State University Hospital Oswaldo Cruz, utilizing both criteria of diagnosis, from August to November 2005. The sample consisted of 428 individuals, 65% of whom were females, with a mean age of 52.3 years (± 15.4 and a percentage of 78.3% of this

  10. 27 CFR 9.31 - Santa Cruz Mountains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., California—San Mateo County”; (9) “La Honda Quadrangle, California—San Mateo County”; (10) “Laurel Quadrangle..., California—San Mateo County”; (18) “San Mateo Quadrangle, California—San Mateo County”; (19) “Santa Teresa... Quadrangle, California—San Mateo County”; and (24) One 5 × 11 minute series map entitled: “Santa Cruz...

  11. Seafloor off Pleasure Point, Santa Cruz County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Golden, Nadine E.; Gibbons, Helen

    2013-01-01

    The seafloor off Pleasure Point, Santa Cruz County, California, is extremely varied, with sandy flats, boulder fields, faults, and complex bedrock ridges. These ridges support rich marine ecosystems; some of them form the "reefs" that produce world-class surf breaks. Colors indicate seafloor depth, from red-orange (about 2 meters or 7 feet) to magenta (25 meters or 82 feet)

  12. Mycobacterium fortuitum Cruz from the tropical fish Hyphessobrycon innesi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ross, A.J.; Brancato, F.P.

    1959-01-01

    Mycobacterium fortuitum, a rapid-growing, acid-fast bacillus, isolated from a cold abscess of human origin was described by Cruz (1938). Gordon and Smith (1955), in a taxonomic study embracing a group of acid-fast bacteria capable of relatively rapid growth on ordinary media, classified a number of cultures in their collection as M. fortuitum Cruz. In this group were strains isolated from human beings, cattle, soil, and cold-blooded animals including marine fishes. The present study was undertaken to determine the identity of a rapid-growing, acid-fast bacillus isolated at the New York Aquarium from lesions present in a population of freshwater tropical fishes commonly known as the Neon Tetra (Hyphessobrycon innesi). The symptomatology and pathology of this disease have been described by Nigrelli (1953).

  13. Migration, Informalization and Public Space in Santa Cruz, Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua Kirshner

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I ask how migrant insertion into the local economy, in particular in the informal economy, has led to contestation over public space in Santa Cruz.  Related to this issue, the paper asks what sorts of collective actions are used to defend rights to the use of urban public space, and what are the key points of contention.  In my analysis, I look at theoretical connections between the informal economy and urban space, recent changes in the Santa Cruz local economy ‒including accelerated migration and the burgeoning informal economy‒ and conflicts over uses of public urban space.En este trabajo indago cómo la inserción migratoria en la economía local, particularmente en la economía informal, ha llevado a un debate sobre los usos del espacio público en Santa Cruz. En relación con esta problemática, mi trabajo explora qué tipo de acciones colectivas se utilizan para defender los derechos del uso del espacio público urbano, y cuáles son los puntos claves de conflicto. En mi análisis, exploro las conexiones teóricas entre la economía informal y el espacio urbano, los cambios recientes en la economía local de Santa Cruz ‒incluyendo la migración acelerada y la emergente economía informal‒ y los conflictos sobre usos del espacio urbano público.

  14. A quantitative analysis of surgical capacity in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markin, Abraham; Barbero, Roxana; Leow, Jeffrey J; Groen, Reinou S; Skow, Evan J; Apelgren, Keith N; Kushner, Adam L; Nwomeh, Benedict C

    2013-11-01

    This investigation aimed to document surgical capacity at public medical centers in a middle-income Latin American country using the Surgeons OverSeas (SOS) Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies (PIPES) survey tool. We applied the PIPES tool at six urban and 25 rural facilities in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Outcome measures included the availability of items in five domains (Personnel, Infrastructure, Procedures, Equipment, and Supplies) and the PIPES index. PIPES indices were calculated by summing scores from each domain, dividing by the total number of survey items, and multiplying by 10. Thirty-one of the 32 public facilities that provide surgical care in Santa Cruz were assessed. Santa Cruz had at least 7.8 surgeons and 2.8 anesthesiologists per 100,000 population. However, these providers were unequally distributed, such that nine rural sites had no anesthesiologist. Few rural facilities had blood banking (4/25), anesthesia machines (11/25), postoperative care (11/25), or intensive care units (1/25). PIPES indices ranged from 5.7-13.2, and were significantly higher in urban (median 12.6) than rural (median 7.8) areas (P Bolivia's development status. Unfortunately, surgeons are limited in rural areas by deficits in anesthesia and perioperative services. These results are currently being used to target local quality improvement initiatives. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. AIDS and non-AIDS severe morbidity associated with hospitalizations among HIV-infected patients in two regions with universal access to care and antiretroviral therapy, France and Brazil, 2000–2008: hospital-based cohort studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background In high-income settings, the spectrum of morbidity and mortality experienced by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-infected individuals receiving combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) has switched from predominantly AIDS-related to non-AIDS-related conditions. In the context of universal access to care, we evaluated whether that shift would apply in Brazil, a middle-income country with universal access to treatment, as compared to France. Methods Two hospital-based cohorts of HIV-infected individuals were used for this analysis: the ANRS CO3 Aquitaine Cohort in South Western France and the Evandro Chagas Research Institute (IPEC) Cohort of the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Severe morbid events (AIDS- and non-AIDS-related) were defined as all clinical diagnoses associated with a hospitalization of ≥48 hours. Trends in the incidence rate of events and their determinants were estimated while adjusting for within-subject correlation using generalized estimating equations models with an auto-regressive correlation structure and robust standard errors. Result Between January 2000 and December 2008, 7812 adult patients were followed for a total of 41,668 person-years (PY) of follow-up. Throughout the study period, 90% of the patients were treated with cART. The annual incidence rate of AIDS and non-AIDS events, and of deaths significantly decreased over the years, from 6.2, 21.1, and 1.9 AIDS, non-AIDS events, and deaths per 100 PY in 2000 to 4.3, 14.9, and 1.5/100 PY in 2008. The annual incidence rates of non-AIDS events surpassed that of AIDS-events during the entire study period. High CD4 cell counts were associated with a lower incidence rate of AIDS and non-AIDS events as well as with lower rates of specific non-AIDS events, such as bacterial, hepatic, viral, neurological, and cardiovascular conditions. Adjusted analysis showed that severe morbidity was associated with lower CD4 counts and higher plasma HIV RNAs but not with

  16. Hospital

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    treatment modality. Design: It is a retrospective study of all confirmed. Burkitt's lymphoma of the head and neck region seen at the Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital Ile. Ife (OAUTHC) between 1986 and 2002. Patients and methods: The medical records of all the patients with the histopathologically confirmed ...

  17. Mass Estimation of Santacrucian Sloths from the Early Miocene Santa Cruz Formation of Patagonia, Argentina

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Néstor Toledo; Guillermo Hernán Cassini; Sergio Fabián Vizcaíno; M. Susana Bargo

    Miocene deposits of the Santa Cruz Formation, Patagonia, comprise a diverse and excellently preserved vertebrate fauna, allowing detailed paleobiological and paleoecological studies based on three ecological parameters...

  18. Fernando Cruz Kronfly and the fractured time of Destierro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simón Henao-Jaramillo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies Fernando Cruz Kronfly´s novel Destierro (2012 through categories like anachronism, presenteism and memory (Didi-Huberman, Hartog, Benjamin, among others in order to investigate the particular way in which the novel temporalizes the experience of exile. Destierro part from a present that, in perpetual motion, leading to a present of the already-gone, a narrative temporality made by absences. The time in this temporality and its links generated produces what we called ghost community, a kind of community which govern relations between that remains present and what does not.

  19. Hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mullins, Michael

    2013-01-01

    . Documentation exists in; well-being of patients and staff, sleep disorders, pain distraction, confidentiality and privacy, levels of errors in hospitals. Art and the use of color: Art can be context related so one should be aware whether it is in a private ward or the foyer and related to the experience...... in treating disease can be supported by architecture which is sensitive to the contextual conditions of healing in health facilities. It is not the intention to supplant technology, but a question of supplementing the incredible advances that have been made in medicine in recent decades. The central premise......- sick-leave and work-related injuries....

  20. Sung with Ink and Paper: Nicomedes Santa Cruz and the African Strand in Peru

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Swanson, Rosario

    2017-01-01

    The poem "Ritmos negros del Perú" by Afro-Peruvian writer Nicomedes Santa Cruz recovers Afro-Peruvian history and agency through the retelling of the journey of a mythical grandmother. Through the retelling of her story, the poet claims blackness and African roots as pillars of Peruvian culture. In so doing, Santa Cruz opens the door not…

  1. Osservazione e distrazione. Alberto Cruz nella Scuola di Valparaiso / Observation and Distraction. Alberto Cruz at the Valparaiso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Massimo Alfieri

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available La Ciudad Abierta di Ritoque in Cile fondata nel 1970 è strettamente connessa con la Facoltà di Architettura della PUCV di Valparaíso. Nella realizzazione delle opere costruite in questa “città” è stata sperimentata una pedagogia di approccio e costruzione dell’architettura che continua a mantenere la sua validità ed il suo fascino a distanza di molti anni. Gli insegnamenti dei fondatori di questa scuola costituiscono ancora una provocazione per tutti coloro che si interessano di architettura e che la praticano. In particolare la figura di Alberto Cruz Covarrubias, scomparso di recente, appare capace ancora di stimolare attraverso i suoi scritti ed i suoi disegni l’immaginazione e la creatività, conformemente al ciò in cui credeva: “in fondo l’unica cosa che può fare un professore davanti ai suoi alunni è dare un esempio”. / The Ciudad Abierta at Ritoque in Chile founded in 1970 is closely linked to the PUCV Faculty of Architecture in Valparaiso. In creating the works built in this “city” a pedagogy was tried out with a particular approach to and construction of the architecture that has maintained its validity and fascination for many years. The teachings of the founders of this school still constitute a provocation for all those interested in architecture as well as those who practise it. In particular, the figure of Alberto Cruz Covarrubias, recently deceased, still seems able to stimulate imagination and creativity through his writings and drawings, in line with what he believed in: “ultimately, the only thing a professor can do for his students is to give an example”.

  2. Association of caspase-1 polymorphisms with Chagas cardiomyopathy among individuals in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Katherine Yih-Jia; Zamudio, Roxana; Henderson-Frost, Jo; Almuedo, Alex; Steinberg, Hannah; Clipman, Steven Joseph; Duran, Gustavo; Marcus, Rachel; Crawford, Thomas; Alyesh, Daniel; Colanzi, Rony; Flores, Jorge; Gilman, Robert Hugh; Bern, Caryn

    2017-01-01

    Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc) infection is usually acquired in childhood in endemic areas, leading to Chagas disease, which progresses to Chagas cardiomyopathy in 20-30% of infected individuals over decades. The pathogenesis of Chagas cardiomyopathy involves the host inflammatory response to T. cruzi, in which upstream caspase-1 activation prompts the cascade of inflammatory chemokines/cytokines, cardiac remodeling, and myocardial dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of two caspase-1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with cardiomyopathy. We recruited infected (Tc+, n = 149) and uninfected (Tc-, n = 87) participants in a hospital in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Cardiac status was classified (I, II, III, IV) based on Chagas cardiomyopathy-associated electrocardiogram findings and ejection fractions on echocardiogram. Genotypes were determined using Taqman probes via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction of peripheral blood DNA. Genotype frequencies were analyzed according to three inheritance patterns (dominant, recessive, additive) using logistic regression adjusted for age and sex. The AA allele for the caspase-1 SNP rs501192 was more frequent in Tc+ cardiomyopathy (classes II, III, IV) patients compared to those with a normal cardiac status (class I) [odds ratio (OR) = -2.18, p = 0.117]. This trend approached statistical significant considering only Tc+ patients in class I and II (OR = -2.64, p = 0.064). Caspase-1 polymorphisms may play a role in Chagas cardiomyopathy development and could serve as markers to identify individuals at higher risk for priority treatment.

  3. Contaminants as a limiting factor of fish and wildlife populations in the Santa Cruz River, Arizona

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Declining populations of the endangered Gila topminnow in the Santa Cruz River prompted a 1997 study to assess contaminant levels in water, sediment, invertebrates,...

  4. C-CAP Santa Cruz 2001 era High Resolution Land Cover Metadata

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This dataset represents land cover for the San Lorenzo River basin in Santa Cruz County, California derived from high resolution imagery. The land cover features in...

  5. Religión, fiestas y centros ceremoniales mayas de la Cruz Parlante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Buenrostro Alba

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En el trabajo se describe el principal santo de los mayas de Quintana Roo, la Cruz Parlante, así como los centros ceremoniales y las fiestas tradicionales relacionadas con esta advocación. Se incluyen datos etnográficos que describen el contexto en el que se centra el estudio. La Cruz Parlante permite a los mayas de Quintana Roo seguir existiendo y los protege, pero para ello debe estar custodiada por los propios mayas.

  6. Morbimortalidad de los pacientes con cetoacidosis diabética que ingresaron a la unidad de cuidados intensivos pediátricos del Hospital Infantil universitario de la Cruz Roja Rafael Henao Toro de la Ciudad de Manizales (Colombia), 2004-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Alzate Flórez, José Abel; Alzate Ramos, Susana Andrea; Castaño Castrillón, José Jaime; González Cuartas, Juanita; Herrera Bustamante, Maryuri; Herrera Muñoz, Viviana; Montaño Vieira, Laura; Posada García, Erika Mercedes

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo: Estudiar la morbimortalidad de los pacientes admitidos a la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos del Hospital Infantil Universitario de la Ciudad de Manizales (Colombia) ingresados por cetoacidosis diabética en el período comprendido entre los años 2004 y 2010 (años completos). Materiales y Métodos: Se efectuó un estudio de corte transversal en el cual se analizaron las historias de 72 pacientes de 1 mes a 17 años. Se tomaron variables demográficas y propias de la patología, ...

  7. Monitoring Domoic Acid production by Solid Phase Adsorption Toxin Tracking off the Santa Cruz Municipal Warf, Santa Cruz, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, M.; Ziccarelli, L.; Kudela, R. M.

    2013-12-01

    Certain species of the diatom genus Pseudo-nitzschia are producers of the neurotoxin, domoic acid (DA). DA is known to cause amnesic shellfish poisoning also known as domoic acid poisoning, which can lead to permanent brain damage in humans and marine mammals. DA accumulates at higher trophic levels, generally due to consumption of toxic cells or through trophic transfer, and can potentially cause death of both humans and marine wildlife. The Santa Cruz Municipal Warf experiences periodic rises in DA concentrations, which can reach toxic levels in shellfish, fish, and other marine organisms. While these increases in toxicity often occur during Pseudo-nitzschia blooms, several periods of elevated DA have occurred when diatom abundance is restricted and/or dominated by non-toxic species, and there is increasing evidence that DA dissolved in seawater may be prevalent. One theory suggests that senescent or dead Pseudo-nitzschia cells sink to the benthos while retaining their toxin and are buried in sediment following the death of a bloom. Therefore, DA may accumulate in the benthos, where it is eventually released during storms or wave and tide conditions that disturb the sediment. We sampled DA in situ using Solid Phase Adsorption Toxin Tracking (SPATT) bags SPATT uses a synthetic resin to capture dissolved DA, allowing for the determination of integrated DA concentrations at known time intervals. The alternative method is mussel biotoxin monitoring, but it is less accurate due to uncertainties in the time of DA accumulation within the mussel, and the lack of uptake of dissolved DA by the mussel. We deployed and collected SPATT off the Santa Cruz Municipal Wharf at multiple depths beginning in February 2013. We expect to see increasing DA following the death of a harmful algal bloom. Under pre-bloom conditions, little to no DA has been detected in mussels or surface SPATT, but DA from SPATT is frequently observed at depth, suggesting that the sediment is exposed to

  8. Congenital Trypanosoma cruzi Transmission in Santa Cruz, Bolivia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bern, Caryn; Verastegui, Manuela; Gilman, Robert H.; LaFuente, Carlos; Galdos-Cardenas, Gerson; Calderon, Maritza; Pacori, Juan; Abastoflor, Maria del Carmen; Aparicio, Hugo; Brady, Mark F.; Ferrufino, Lisbeth; Angulo, Noelia; Marcus, Sarah; Sterling, Charles; Maguire, James H.

    2017-01-01

    Background We conducted a study of congenital Trypanosoma cruzi infection in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Our objective was to apply new tools to identify weak points in current screening algorithms, and find ways to improve them. Methods Women presenting for delivery were screened by rapid and conventional serological tests. For infants of infected mothers, blood specimens obtained on days 0, 7, 21, 30, 90, 180, and 270 were concentrated and examined microscopically; serological tests were performed for the day 90, 180, and 270 specimens. Maternal and infant specimens, including umbilical tissue, were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) targeting the kinetoplast minicircle and by quantitative PCR. Results Of 530 women, 154 (29%) were seropositive. Ten infants had congenital T. cruzi infection. Only 4 infants had positive results of microscopy evaluation in the first month, and none had positive cord blood microscopy results. PCR results were positive for 6 (67%) of 9 cord blood and 7 (87.5%) of 8 umbilical tissue specimens. PCR-positive women were more likely to transmit T. cruzi than were seropositive women with negative PCR results (P < .05). Parasite loads determined by quantitative PCR were higher for mothers of infected infants than for seropositive mothers of uninfected infants (P < .01). Despite intensive efforts, only 58% of at-risk infants had a month 9 specimen collected. Conclusions On the basis of the low sensitivity of microscopy in cord blood and high rate of loss to follow-up, we estimate that current screening programs miss one-half of all infected infants. Molecular techniques may improve early detection. PMID:19877966

  9. Association of caspase-1 polymorphisms with Chagas cardiomyopathy among individuals in Santa Cruz, Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherine Yih-Jia Fu

    Full Text Available Abstract INTRODUCTION: Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc infection is usually acquired in childhood in endemic areas, leading to Chagas disease, which progresses to Chagas cardiomyopathy in 20-30% of infected individuals over decades. The pathogenesis of Chagas cardiomyopathy involves the host inflammatory response to T. cruzi, in which upstream caspase-1 activation prompts the cascade of inflammatory chemokines/cytokines, cardiac remodeling, and myocardial dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to examine the association of two caspase-1 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs with cardiomyopathy. METHODS: We recruited infected (Tc+, n = 149 and uninfected (Tc−, n = 87 participants in a hospital in Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Cardiac status was classified (I, II, III, IV based on Chagas cardiomyopathy-associated electrocardiogram findings and ejection fractions on echocardiogram. Genotypes were determined using Taqman probes via reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction of peripheral blood DNA. Genotype frequencies were analyzed according to three inheritance patterns (dominant, recessive, additive using logistic regression adjusted for age and sex. RESULTS: The AA allele for the caspase-1 SNP rs501192 was more frequent in Tc+ cardiomyopathy (classes II, III, IV patients compared to those with a normal cardiac status (class I [odds ratio (OR = −2.18, p = 0.117]. This trend approached statistical significant considering only Tc+ patients in class I and II (OR = −2.64, p = 0.064. CONCLUSIONS: Caspase-1 polymorphisms may play a role in Chagas cardiomyopathy development and could serve as markers to identify individuals at higher risk for priority treatment.

  10. Report on 3D-model Testing of the Breakwater for a new Port at Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burcharth, Hans F.; Meinert, Palle; Andersen, Thomas Lykke

    The report contains a 3-dimensional model test study of the round head and outer part of the breakwater for the new port at Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife.......The report contains a 3-dimensional model test study of the round head and outer part of the breakwater for the new port at Puerto de la Cruz, Tenerife....

  11. 78 FR 35951 - Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz Graham Hill Water...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-14

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service Proposed Low-Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for the City of Santa Cruz Graham Hill Water Treatment Plant, Santa Cruz County, California AGENCY: Fish and Wildlife Service... and conservation measures for the federally endangered Ben Lomond spineflower (Chorizanthe pungens var...

  12. The evolving fresh market berry industry in Santa Cruz and Monterey counties

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Tourte

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available The fresh market berry industry in Santa Cruz and Monterey counties has contributed significantly to the agricultural vibrancy of the two counties and the state of California. Dramatic growth in strawberry, raspberry and blackberry production has been documented over the last 50 years, and most notably since the 1980s. Factors influencing this growth include innovations in agricultural practices and heightened consumer demand. Here, we review the historical context for the berry industry in Santa Cruz and Monterey counties. Organic production, production economics and challenges for the future are also discussed.

  13. Mitigation options for futurewater scarcity : A case study in Santa Cruz Island (Galapagos Archipelago)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Reyes, Maria Fernanda; Trifunović, Nemanja; Sharma, Saroj Kumar; Behzadian, Kourosh; Kapelan, Zoran; Kennedy, M.D.

    2017-01-01

    Santa Cruz Island (Galápagos Archipelago), like many other tourist islands, is currently experiencing an exponential increase in tourism and local population growth, jeopardizing current and future water supply. An accurate assessment of the future water supply/demand balance is crucial to

  14. The De-Genderization of Knowledge Production: The Case of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salazar, Norma

    1994-01-01

    All societies have official knowledge. Life of Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz, 17th-century nun and literary genius, illustrates who discovers knowledge is more important than what knowledge is promulgated. Real issue was not what Sor Juana wrote but whether nun or woman should engage in producing and publishing knowledge. Her efforts have inspired…

  15. Cruz de Castro. Travesía hacia México

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Marta Cureses de la Vega

    2012-01-01

    Se analiza la figura del compositor español Carlos Cruz de Castro y su papel en la creación, junto a la pianista mexicana Alicia Urreta, de los Festivales Hispano-Mexicanos de Música Contemporánea (1973-1983). Así...

  16. 75 FR 35504 - San Rafael Cattle Company; Habitat Conservation Plan; Santa Cruz County, AZ

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-22

    ... Fish and Wildlife Service San Rafael Cattle Company; Habitat Conservation Plan; Santa Cruz County, AZ... Conservation Plan in support of incidental take permit application. SUMMARY: San Rafael Cattle Company... the future: Sonoran tiger salamander (Ambystoma mavortium stebbinsi), Gila chub (Gila intermedia...

  17. Estado de necesidad: la Cruz Roja Española en Marruecos, 1886-1927

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Javier Martínez

    Full Text Available Resumen Este trabajo estudia la función central que los Estados-nación continuaron teniendo en la Cruz Roja durante el periodo de entreguerras. A finales del siglo XIX, España lideró la creación de instituciones humanitarias de estilo europeo en Marruecos. Sin embargo, su secular inestabilidad como Estado, agravada por el desastre colonial de 1898, terminó con el proyecto regeneracionista de una Cruz Roja marroquí. Cuando en 1912 se estableció el protectorado español, la Cruz Roja Española quedó marginada por la competencia francesa, la internacionalización de Tánger y el rechazo local. Éste último culminó en la llamada Guerra del Rif de 1921-1927, mezcla de revuelta anticolonial y guerra internacional, que expuso de forma cruda las prolongadas necesidades del Estado español y su Cruz Roja.

  18. The dynamics of fine-grain sediment dredged from Santa Cruz Harbor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Conaway, Christopher H.; Presto, M. Katherine; Logan, Joshua B.; Cronin, Katherine; van Ormondt, Maarten; Lescinski, Jamie; Harden, E. Lynne; Lacy, Jessica R.; Tonnon, Pieter K.

    2011-01-01

    In the fall and early winter of 2009, a demonstration project was done at Santa Cruz Harbor, California, to determine if 450 m3/day of predominantly (71 percent) mud-sized sediment could be dredged from the inner portion of the harbor and discharged to the coastal ocean without significant impacts to the beach and inner shelf. During the project, more than 7600 m3 of sediment (~5400 m3 of fine-grain material) was dredged during 17 days and discharged approximately 60 m offshore of the harbor at a depth of 2 m on the inner shelf. The U.S. Geological Survey's Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center was funded by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Santa Cruz Port District to do an integrated mapping and process study to investigate the fate of the mud-sized sediment dredged from the inner portion of Santa Cruz Harbor and to determine if any of the fine-grain material settled out on the shoreline and/or inner shelf during the fall and early winter of 2009. This was done by collecting highresolution oceanographic and sediment geochemical measurements along the shoreline and on the continental shelf of northern Monterey Bay to monitor the fine-grain sediment dredged from Santa Cruz Harbor and discharged onto the inner shelf. These in place measurements, in conjunction with beach, water column, and seabed surveys, were used as boundary and calibration information for a three-dimensional numerical circulation and sediment dynamics model to better understand the fate of the fine-grain sediment dredged from Santa Cruz Harbor and the potential consequences of disposing this type of material on the beach and on the northern Monterey Bay continental shelf.

  19. El registro biológico humano de la costa meridional de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suby, Jorge A.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La costa patagónica constituye un sector de riesgo para el registro arqueológico, asociado a factores naturales y antrópicos. Al mismo tiempo, la conservación de las colecciones bioarqueológicas, destacándose la pérdida de restos óseos e información asociada por escasez de recursos, desconocimiento o falta de atención especializada, representa escenarios de riesgo para el registro. Una de las áreas para las cuales no se dispone hasta el momento de información bioarqueológica es la región que comprende la costa meridional de la provincia de Santa Cruz. Considerando esta ausencia de información, el objetivo de este trabajo es presentar y discutir los primeros resultados sobre restos óseos humanos hallados en la región costera próxima a la desembocadura del Río Santa Cruz (Santa Cruz, Argentina. Los estudios incluyen el análisis de las situaciones de hallazgo y riesgo de los restos recuperados en acciones de rescate, el reconocimiento y puesta en valor de materiales depositados en el Museo Regional "Carlos Borgialli" (Puerto Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, Argentina y estudios paleopatológicos. Al mismo tiempo se informan y analizan resultados cronológicos e isotópicos. Los resultados brindan evidencias claras de la ocupación de la región costera al menos durante los últimos 2000 años, consumo de recursos predominantemente terrestres y un estilo de vida que favorece el desarrollo de lesiones articulares, con escasos indicios de estrés sistémico que coinciden con los resultados reportados para la región continental del estrecho de Magallanes.

  20. EDUCAÇÃO E ETNICIDADE NA REGIÃO DE SANTA CRUZ DO SUL- RS. EDUCATION AND ETHNICITY IN THE REGION OF SANTA CRUZ DO SUL - RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mozart Linhares da Silva

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é analisar as relações entre educação, etnicidade e mobilidade social em região de colonização alemã no Rio Grande do Sul, sobretudo em Santa Cruz do Sul, Brasil, cidade com forte discurso identitário germânico. Em que pese ser uma cidade caracterizada pelo germanismo, o que se constatou nas pesquisas até aqui realizadas, abrangendo os últimos seis anos, é que a região em questão possui significativa população de não-brancos, embora invisibilizada socialmente e excluída do processo de pertencimento identitário da comunidade regional. As pesquisas realizadas nas escolas municipais, estaduais e privadas na região de Santa Cruz do Sul permitem uma análise pontual das relações entre a educação e a imobilidade social, cujo resultado pode ser avaliado na dinâmica da visibilidade/invisibilidade identitária e processos de exclusão comunitário destes grupos, nomeadamente dos afrodescendentes.The objective of this article is to analyze the relations among education, ethnicity and social mobility in the region of German colonization in Rio Grande do Sul, and mainly in Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil, a city with strong German identity speech. Taking into consideration that it is a city characterized by Germanism, what was observed in the researches accomplished until now, including the last six years, is that the region in question has a significant population of non-white people, though socially invisible and excluded from the identitary inclusion process of the region community. The researches that were carried out in the private and public – municipal and state – schools in the region of Santa Cruz do Sul permit sharp analysis of the relations between education and social immobility, which result can be evaluated in the identitary visibility/invisibility dynamic and processes of community exclusion of those groups, nominally of Afro-descendants.

  1. Libros y lecturas portuguesas del obispo poblano Manuel Fernández de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro RUEDA

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Se analizará una lista de libros portugueses adquiridos en Lisboa y remitidos desde Cádiz a Manuel Fernández de Santa Cruz, obispo de Puebla de los Ángeles. Los textos que se incluyeron eran obras religiosas, especialmente de teología, sermonarios y devoción; textos de historia portuguesa y de sus colonias, y algunas obras de humanidades y literatura, con un especial interés por los escritos de Francisco Manuel de Melo. Además del análisis de las temáticas se ofrecerán pistas sobre el envío de libros a Manuel Fernández de Santa Cruz desde Cádiz a Puebla en 1683 y ser transcribe la memoria identificado los libros.

  2. Cruz de Castro: travesía hacia México

    OpenAIRE

    Cureses de la Vega, Marta

    2012-01-01

    Se analiza la figura del compositor español Carlos Cruz de Castro y su papel en la creación, junto a la pianista mexicana Alicia Urreta, de los Festivales Hispano-Mexicanos de Música Contemporánea (1973-1983). Así como la importante exposición: Gráficos musicales contemporáneos de 1977, realizada con motivo del Festival de ese año. México también ha tenido una clara influencia en las creaciones musicales de Cruz de Castro, basándose en la técnica personal del concretismo en donde un único ele...

  3. Exumando rosas, procurando (por símbolos: a revista Rosa Cruz (1901 e 1904

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Floriani Petry

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1984-784X.2016v16n26p25 Este artigo, decorrente das reflexões iniciadas durante o mestrado em literatura realizado no Núcleo de Estudos Literários e Culturais da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina / NELIC – UFSC, apresenta algumas das diferentes leituras possíveis para a revista simbolista Rosa-Cruz, publicada nos anos de 1901 e 1904 no Rio de Janeiro. Bastante desconhecida na historiografia literária brasileira, tem-se até hoje uma única chave de leitura da revista: um veículo de homenagem à Cruz e Sousa. A proposta deste artigo é discorrer sobre outros possíveis modos de se ler a revista, partindo de uma análise do seu título e dos diferentes grupos de autores que por ela circularam.

  4. Cruz Roja Española: el trabajo con refugiados desde Cruz Roja Alicante (Spanish Red Cross: work with refugees from Alicante Red Cross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez Sánchez, Mar

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Cruz Roja surge a raíz de un conflicto bélico con la finalidad de socorrer a las víctimas del mismo y localizar, mediante voluntarios, a los familiares de éstas. Con el paso de los años, la respuesta de Cruz Roja se institucionaliza y se amplia a las diferentes necesidades que emergen de la sociedad. Para uno de los colectivos más vulnerables, como son los refugiados, se crea un Programa específico para dar cobertura a sus necesidades más básicas durante el proceso de protección internacional, acompañándolos en las diferentes dificultades que se les plantea para alcanzar su integración en la ciudad.Abstract: Red Cross comes up with the aim to help victims from an armed conflict, and to locate their families trough volunteers. Trough the years, the Red Cross answer is widen to the different needs rising up in the society. From one of the most vulnerable group, refugees, a specific program has made to cover their basics needs during their international protection process, being with them in the different difficulties found to get integrated in the city.

  5. Avifauna (Passeriformes of Santa Cruz province, Patagonia (Argentina: annotated list of species Avifauna (Passeriformes de la provincia de Santa Cruz, Patagonia (Argentina: lista comentada de especies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Aquiles Darrieu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The birds (Passeriformes of Santa Cruz province, Argentina, are analyzed based on three main sources: specimens housed in the Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales of Buenos Aires (MACN, in the Félix de Azara Collection, Buenos Aires (CFA, in the Museo de La Plata, La Plata (MLP, in the Fundación Miguel Lillo, Tucumán (FML and in the National Museum of Natural History, Washington (USNM. The data were obtained from bibliographical citations which include precise localities and from field observations. A list of 75 species belonging to 13 families is included. First records with precise localities are provided for five species. New localities are cited for 64 species.En el presente trabajo se aporta una lista comentada de todas las especies de aves Passeriformes registradas en la provincia de Santa Cruz. Los ejemplares de colección pertenecen al Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales y a la Colección Félix de Azara, ambos de Buenos Aires, al Museo de La Plata, a la Fundación Miguel Lillo de Tucumán y al National Museum of Natural History, Washington. Los datos fueron obtenidos de la literatura, del análisis de especimenes de museos y de observaciones de campo. Esto nos permitió incluir un total de 75 especies pertenecientes a 13 familias. Cinco de ellas no presentaban registros concretos para la provincia, aportándose nuevas localidades para otras 64.

  6. Effects of climate change and population growth on the transboundary Santa Cruz aquifer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Christopher A.; Megdal, Sharon; Oroz, Lucas Antonio; Callegary, James; Vandervoet, Prescott

    2012-01-01

    The USA and Mexico have initiated comprehensive assessment of 4 of the 18 aquifers underlying their 3000 km border. Binational management of groundwater is not currently proposed. University and agency researchers plus USA and Mexican federal, state, and local agency staff have collaboratively identified key challenges facing the Santa Cruz River Valley Aquifer located between the states of Arizona and Sonora. The aquifer is subject to recharge variability, which is compounded by climate change, and is experiencing growing urban demand for groundwater. In this paper, we briefly review past, current, and projected pressures on Santa Cruz groundwater. We undertake first-order approximation of the relative magnitude of climate change and human demand drivers on the Santa Cruz water balance. Global circulation model output for emissions scenarios A1B, B1, and A2 present mixed trends, with annual precipitation projected to vary by ±20% over the 21st century. Results of our analysis indicate that urban water use will experience greater percentage change than climate-induced recharge (which remains the largest single component of the water balance). In the Mexican portion of the Santa Cruz, up to half of future total water demand will need to be met from non-aquifer sources. In the absence of water importation and with agricultural water use and rights increasingly appropriated for urban demand, wastewater is increasingly seen as a resource to meet urban demand. We consider decision making on both sides of the border and conclude by identifying short- and longer-term opportunities for further binational collaboration on transboundary aquifer assessment.

  7. Vozes em Movimento: Octavio Paz e sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Esther Maciel

    1996-10-01

    Full Text Available Análise da leitura que Octavio Paz realiza da obra de Sor Juana Inês de la Cruz, com o propósito de mostrar como o poeta mexicano, ao enfocar a autora barroca sob o prisma da modernidade, redimensiona sincronicamente o conceito de história e delineia a sua própria tradição poética.

  8. Reshaping production structure in Patagonia Austral. Development options in Santa Cruz and its labor markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Vacca

    2015-12-01

    None the less, the model that has prevailed in the province of Santa Cruz has been characterized by the same research team as subsidizer and of rentier character, noting that most of the population don’t receive their income from their own work on regional productions (coal, oil, gas, mining and industry, but receive income via state transfers, that come from royalties paid by companies from the primary sector, thus ensuring better living conditions for its inhabitants.

  9. De la Cruz Roja Colombiana y los médicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Cesar Castellanos Ramirez

    2003-09-01

    En esta exposición se presentará un resumen de la misión, historia y actividades de la Cruz Roja Colombiana, tanto en las áreas de Salud que se relacionan con nuestra profesión, como en las demás en las cuales se ha prestado servicio al país en los 87 años de existencia...

  10. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in Santa Cruz, Bolivia: outbreak investigation and antibody prevalence study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joel M Montgomery

    Full Text Available We report the results of an investigation of a small outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in 2002 in the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, where the disease had not previously been reported. Two cases were initially reported. The first case was a physician infected with Laguna Negra virus during a weekend visit to his ranch. Four other persons living on the ranch were IgM antibody-positive, two of whom were symptomatic for mild hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. The second case was a migrant sugarcane worker. Although no sample remained to determine the specific infecting hantavirus, a virus 90% homologous with Río Mamoré virus was previously found in small-eared pygmy rice rats (Oligoryzomys microtis trapped in the area. An antibody prevalence study conducted in the region as part of the outbreak investigation showed 45 (9.1% of 494 persons to be IgG positive, illustrating that hantavirus infection is common in Santa Cruz Department. Precipitation in the months preceding the outbreak was particularly heavy in comparison to other years, suggesting a possible climatic or ecological influence on rodent populations and risk of hantavirus transmission to humans. Hantavirus infection appears to be common in the Santa Cruz Department, but more comprehensive surveillance and field studies are needed to fully understand the epidemiology and risk to humans.

  11. Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome in Santa Cruz, Bolivia: Outbreak Investigation and Antibody Prevalence Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, Joel M.; Blair, Patrick J.; Carroll, Darin S.; Mills, James N.; Gianella, Alberto; Iihoshi, Naomi; Briggiler, Ana M.; Felices, Vidal; Salazar, Milagros; Olson, James G.; Glabman, Raisa A.; Bausch, Daniel G.

    2012-01-01

    We report the results of an investigation of a small outbreak of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome in 2002 in the Department of Santa Cruz, Bolivia, where the disease had not previously been reported. Two cases were initially reported. The first case was a physician infected with Laguna Negra virus during a weekend visit to his ranch. Four other persons living on the ranch were IgM antibody-positive, two of whom were symptomatic for mild hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. The second case was a migrant sugarcane worker. Although no sample remained to determine the specific infecting hantavirus, a virus 90% homologous with Río Mamoré virus was previously found in small-eared pygmy rice rats (Oligoryzomys microtis) trapped in the area. An antibody prevalence study conducted in the region as part of the outbreak investigation showed 45 (9.1%) of 494 persons to be IgG positive, illustrating that hantavirus infection is common in Santa Cruz Department. Precipitation in the months preceding the outbreak was particularly heavy in comparison to other years, suggesting a possible climatic or ecological influence on rodent populations and risk of hantavirus transmission to humans. Hantavirus infection appears to be common in the Santa Cruz Department, but more comprehensive surveillance and field studies are needed to fully understand the epidemiology and risk to humans. PMID:23094116

  12. Physical data of soil profiles formed on late Quaternary marine terraces near Santa Cruz, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munster, Jennie; Harden, Jennifer W.

    2002-01-01

    The marine terraces in and around Santa Cruz, California, represent a set of well-preserved terraces formed as a product of geology, sea level, and climate. A marine terrace begins as a wave cut platform. Eustatic sea level changes, seacliff erosion, and tectonic uplift work together to generate marine terraces. "When a wave-cut platform is raised (due to tectonic activity) above sea level and cliffed by wave action it becomes a marine terrace" (Bradley, 1957, p. 424). During glacial periods, eustatic sea level is estimated to have dropped by 150 meters (Fairbanks, 1989). Cliff retreat measured from aerial photographs between 1930 and 1980 vary from 0.0 to 0.2 m yr–1 (Best and Griggs, 1991). Estimates of uplift rates along the Santa Cruz coastline vary from 0.10 to 0.48 m kyr–1 (Bradley and Griggs, 1976; Weber and others, 1999). Uplift mechanisms include coseismic uplift associated both with a reverse component of slip on the steeply SW dipping Loma Prieta fault in the restraining bend of the San Andreas Fault and a small component of reverse slip on the steeply SE dipping San Gregorio fault (Anderson and Menking 1994). Previous work studying physical properties on these terraces include Pinney and others (in press) and Aniku (1986) and Bowman and Estrada (1980). Sedimentary deposits of the marine terraces are a mixture of terrestrial and marine sediments but generally consist of a sheet of marine deposits overlying the old platform and a wedge of nonmarine deposits banked against the old sea cliff (Bradley, 1957). Bedrock underlying the terraces in the Santa Cruz area is generally either Santa Margarita Sandstone or Santa Cruz Mudstone. The Santa Margarita Sandstone represents an upper Miocene, transgressive, tidally dominated marine-shelf deposit with crossbedded sets of sand and gravel and horizontally stratified and bioturbated invertebrate-fossils beds (Phillips, 1990). The siliceous Santa Cruz Mudstone, of late Miocene age, conformably overlies the Santa

  13. Biomarkers in Trypanosoma cruzi-infected and uninfected individuals with varying severity of cardiomyopathy in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Emi E; Sherbuk, Jacqueline E; Clark, Eva H; Marks, Morgan A; Gandarilla, Omar; Galdos-Cardenas, Gerson; Vasquez-Villar, Angel; Choi, Jeong; Crawford, Thomas C; Do, Rose Q; Q, Rose; Fernandez, Antonio B; Colanzi, Rony; Flores-Franco, Jorge Luis; Gilman, Robert H; Bern, Caryn

    2014-10-01

    Twenty to thirty percent of persons with Trypanosoma cruzi infection eventually develop cardiomyopathy. If an early indicator were to be identified and validated in longitudinal studies, this could enable treatment to be prioritized for those at highest risk. We evaluated cardiac and extracellular matrix remodeling markers across cardiac stages in T. cruzi infected (Tc+) and uninfected (Tc-) individuals. Participants were recruited in a public hospital in Santa Cruz, Bolivia and assigned cardiac severity stages by electrocardiogram and echocardiogram. BNP, NTproBNP, CKMB, troponin I, MMP-2, MMP-9, TIMP-1, TIMP-2, TGFb1, and TGFb2 were measured in specimens from 265 individuals using multiplex bead systems. Biomarker levels were compared between Tc+ and Tc- groups, and across cardiac stages. Receivers operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created; for markers with area under curve>0.60, logistic regression was performed. Analyses stratified by cardiac stage showed no significant differences in biomarker levels by Tc infection status. Among Tc+ individuals, those with cardiac insufficiency had higher levels of BNP, NTproBNP, troponin I, MMP-2, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 than those with normal ejection fraction and left ventricular diameter. No individual marker distinguished between the two earliest Tc+ stages, but in ROC-based analyses, MMP-2/MMP-9 ratio was significantly higher in those with than those without ECG abnormalities. BNP, NTproBNP, troponin I, MMP-2, TIMP-1, and TIMP-2 levels rose with increasing severity stage but did not distinguish between Chagas cardiomyopathy and other cardiomyopathies. Among Tc+ individuals without cardiac insufficiency, only the MMP-2/MMP-9 ratio differed between those with and without ECG changes.

  14. Gestão socioambiental na comunidade de remanescentes quilombolas de Cruz em Alagoas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wellington Amâncio da Silva

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the theoretical basis of Epistemology discipline of Environmental Management for its contribution to reflection and environmental practice in satisfaction of the Brazilian semi-arid northeast, specifically in the village quilombo Cruz, in the context of classes taught in the Graduate Program in Ecology human; analyze their possible contributions to the epistemological reflection in the face of monoculture of knowledge and logic in overcoming process; it is intended to also present some environmental aspects, the quilombo studied from the point of view of knowledge of ecology. Finally, we present some research results carried out in the quilombo of the Village Cross in Delmiro Gouveia, State of Alagoas, Brazil - research took into account the deals of the community, their mode of production and living as man interaction processes-environment (MORAN 1999, 2008, 2010, 2011; LEFF, 2010, 2012. O presente artigo analisa o aporte teórico da disciplina Epistemologia da Gestão Socioambiental em sua contribuição à reflexão e à práxis socioambiental no semiárido nordestino brasileiro, especificamente no povoado quilombola Cruz, no contexto das aulas ministradas no programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia Humana; analisar suas possíveis contribuições à reflexão epistemológica em face da monocultura do saber como lógica em processo de superação; visa, ainda, apresentar alguns aspectos socioambientais da comunidade quilombola estudados do ponto de vista da ecologia de saberes. Por fim, apresentaremos alguns resultados de pesquisa efetivada na comunidade quilombola do Povoado Cruz, em Delmiro Gouveia, estado de Alagoas, Brasil – a pesquisa levou em consideração a lida da comunidade, seu modo de produção e subsistência como processos de interação homem/ambiente (MORAN, 1999, 2008, 2010, 2011; LEFF, 2010, 2012.

  15. Geografía médica de Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1909)

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Feo Parrondo

    2004-01-01

    En este artículo damos a conocer la anónima e inédita “Geografía médica de Santa Cruz de Tenerife” (1909) en la que se analiza esta localidad a partir de indicadores como suelos, abastecimiento de agua, arbolado, clima, carácter físico y moral de sus habitantes, ocupaciones, alimentación, vestido, vivienda, vías de comunicación y medios de transporte, higiene, enfermedades, etc., que nos permiten conocer su situación hace un siglo.This article gives to know the anonymous and unpublished “Medi...

  16. La pluma y el pincel de sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Matas Caballero

    2001-01-01

    La representación iconográfica ha gozado históricamente de una gran tradición en el decurso de la historia de la literatura, pero posiblemente haya sido en el siglo XVII cuando esa tradición llegara a su momento culminante. Muchos fueron los pintores de la época que cultivaron la "poesía muda" y apenas faltaron poetas que no ofrecieran su "elocuente pintura". Entre tantos, la poeta mexicana Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz rindió un excelente tributo a la revitalizada moda del retrato literario, pue...

  17. Experimental Monitoring of Mixed Sand and Mud Sediment in the Nearshore Area of Santa Cruz, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watt, S. G.; Greene, H. G.

    2001-12-01

    An experiment conducted in late March of 2001 along the beaches and nearshore of Santa Cruz, California consisted of three phases: pre-experiment, experiment, and post-experiment. In the pre- and post-experimental phases, high-resolution side scan sonar and multibeam bathymetry data were collected to produce maps describing surface sediments and depth changes of the seafloor near the Santa Cruz Harbor. Offshore and beach sediment samples were collected three weeks prior to and after the experiment to analyze for changes in grain size and to provide physical evidence of seafloor substrate. Experimental monitoring consisted of daily beach and offshore sediment sampling. Oceanographic data including swell direction, height, and period were obtained from buoys offshore. Rainfall and stream flow data from the nearby San Lorenzo River were recorded during all phases of the project. Our sedimentological studies of materials dredged from the upper Santa Cruz Harbor, California suggest that sediment containing approximately 40% sand and 60% mud can be disposed in the surf zone without adversely affecting the quality of neighboring beaches or offshore rocky habitats while simultaneously replenishing sand to eroding beaches downcoast. A small amount of the mud-rich material (about 2300 m3) was placed into the surf-zone during the winter of 2000-2001 to determine the retention of sands in the nearshore zone and the impact that fine-grain (mud) sediment may have on rocky habitats. The beaches and other nearshore environments near the disposal site of the Santa Cruz Small Craft Harbor appear to be unchanged by the disposed harbor sediments. The data indicates that little change in sediment grain size or distribution has occurred. This is most likely due to the high-energy nature of this coastline, which results in suspension of silts and clays until they reach lower energy, deeper water offshore outside of the study area. The sand fraction of the disposed sediment was likely

  18. Cohen-Cruz, Jan (org.), Radical Street Performance: An International Anthology

    OpenAIRE

    Cláudia Pato de Carvalho

    2004-01-01

    Jan Cohen-Cruz foi membro do New York City Street Theatre/Jonah Project entre 1971 e 1972. Organizou workshops de teatro em prisões, hospitais psiquiátricos e centros comunitários. É co-organizadora de Playing Boal: Theatre, Therapy, Activism e os seus artigos, baseados na performance activista e performance comunitária, foram publicados nas revistas TDR, High Performance, American Theatre, Urban Resources, Women and Performance, The Mime Journal e na antologia But Is It Art?. Jan é também pr...

  19. Cohen-Cruz, Jan (org., Radical Street Performance: An International Anthology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Pato de Carvalho

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Jan Cohen-Cruz foi membro do New York City Street Theatre/Jonah Project entre 1971 e 1972. Organizou workshops de teatro em prisões, hospitais psiquiátricos e centros comunitários. É co-organizadora de Playing Boal: Theatre, Therapy, Activism e os seus artigos, baseados na performance activista e performance comunitária, foram publicados nas revistas TDR, High Performance, American Theatre, Urban Resources, Women and Performance, The Mime Journal e na antologia But Is It Art?. Jan é também pr...

  20. The cost of quinine Cinchona pubescens control on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos

    OpenAIRE

    Buddenhagen, Chris; Yanez, Patricio

    2005-01-01

    We analyse the cost of controlling the invasive quinine tree Cinchona pubescens Vahl in the highlands of Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos. Control costs in ten 400 m2 plots formed the basis for estimating the cost of control over the whole island. In the plots, densities were 2100–24,000 stems/ha (stems >150 cm tall) and 55,000–138,000 stems/ha (all size classes combined). Control involved uprooting small plants, and applying of a mix of metsulfuron methyl and picloram to cut stumps or to mach...

  1. Una fabula de amor: Nazareno Cruz y el lobo (Las palomas y los gritos)

    OpenAIRE

    Paladino, Diana

    2003-01-01

    El exceso como estilo. En un conocido ensayo sobre Casablanca, Umberto Eco dice: «Cuando la elección de lo aceptado es limitada, se obtiene un film amanerado, de serie, o incluso kitsch. Pero cuando de lo aceptado se utiliza verdaderamente todo, lo que se logra es una arquitectura como la Sagrada Familia de Gaudí. Se logra el vértigo, se roza la genialidad» Esto es, en cierto modo, lo que ocurre con Nazareno Cruz y el lobo. Un film desbordante, apasionado, pleno. Una historia que avanza a bor...

  2. A poesia de Liberto Cruz: arte e comunicação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nogueira Carlos

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we try to show how, in the work of the Portuguese writer Liberto Cruz, a compromise is established between the poem as a text free of any ideological imposition, and the poem as a social and political action; between the internal and personal experience of the author, and his commitment to the history of the country; between the self-sufficiency of the poem, and its links to the larger world; between the communication and elevation; between the work’s expansion of image and semantics and the communication of feelings, emotions and ideas; and between the textual “I” and the biographical “I”.

  3. Using FORSEE and continuous forest inventory information to evaluate implementation of uneven-aged management in Santa Cruz County coast redwood forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas D. Piirto; Scott Sink; Dominic Ali; Steve Auten; Christopher Hipkin; Reid. Cody

    2012-01-01

    Swanton Pacific Ranch in northern Santa Cruz County has been owned and managed by California Polytechnic State University (Cal Poly) Foundation since 1987. The California Forest Practice Rules specific to Santa Cruz County limit harvest rate and opening size. Cal Poly forest managers are implementing uneven-aged forest management on 1,182 acres of 80 to 110...

  4. "Poner riquezas en mi entendimiento" sor Juana Inés de la Cruz y sor Teresa de Cartagena

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés, Mª del Mar

    2004-01-01

    This article aims to show the resemblances that we can find between Admiraçión operum Dey written by Teresa de Cartagena in the mid-XVth century and Respuesta de sor Filotea de la Cruz written by sor Juana Inés de la Cruz two hundred years later. Both works are two epistles where the female´s intellectual capacity to know and to write is defended by a nun who was received critized for a former work. The religious Teresa de Cartagena –converse bishop Pablo Cartagena's granddaughter– wrote a m...

  5. Entomologic perception by teachers and students in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    Emanuel Maia; Fernando Hiroshi Aburaya; Milton de Sousa Costa; Anna Frida Hatsue Modro

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this work was to identify and interpret the entomologic perception of students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu, Médio Araguaia region. Semistructured interviews were carried out in December 2006 with students and teachers of the basic and intermediate levels, as well as in Youth and Adult Education, in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso. Of the living beings perceived as “insects” by all the interviewees, 82.75% belonged to the Insecta Class, ...

  6. Desarrollo humano y desarrollo turístico: el caso del cantón de Santa Cruz de Guanacaste

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Carlos Morales Zúñiga

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este documento se analiza la relación existente entre crecimiento económico, generado por las actividades turísticas, y desarrollo humano en el cantón de Santa Cruz, Guanacaste. Se realiza un especial énfasis en el proceso de transformación de la estructura económica del cantón de Santa Cruz, desde una economía tradicional, hacia una economía de servicios, y su impacto en el desarrollo humano del cantón.

  7. Geografía médica de Santa Cruz de Tenerife (1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Feo Parrondo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo damos a conocer la anónima e inédita “Geografía médica de Santa Cruz de Tenerife” (1909 en la que se analiza esta localidad a partir de indicadores como suelos, abastecimiento de agua, arbolado, clima, carácter físico y moral de sus habitantes, ocupaciones, alimentación, vestido, vivienda, vías de comunicación y medios de transporte, higiene, enfermedades, etc., que nos permiten conocer su situación hace un siglo.This article gives to know the anonymous and unpublished “Medical Geography from Santa Cruz de Tenerife” (1909. It analyse this locality starting from indicators like soils, wather supply, tree-covered, climate, physical and moral character from its inhabitants, occupation, feeding, clothing, housing, communication routes and means of transport, hygiene, illness, etc., all these permit ourselves to know its situation from one century age.

  8. MICRONUTRIENTES NOS SOLOS DO MUNICÍPIO DE SANTA CRUZ DO SUL, RS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alcido Kirst

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve como objetivo principal avaliar a fertilidade dos solos do município de Santa Cruz do Sul, RS, Brasil, em relação aos micronutrientes zinco, ferro, manganês, cobre e boro, baseado nos laudos técnicos de análise de solo realizados pelo Laboratório de Solos da Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul, no período de 2001 a 2005. Ao todo, 3548 laudos de solo foram interpretados. As técnicas analíticas para a determinação destas variáveis seguiram a metodologia utilizada pela Rede Oficial de Laboratórios de Análises de Solos e Tecido Vegetal do Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina (ROLAS. Os resultados indicaram que a avaliação da fertilidade dos solos do município apresentou altas concentrações  dos micronutrientes zinco, cobre, manganês e ferro e concentrações médias de boro, indicando adequadas condições de fertilidade para as culturas predominantes na região.

  9. California State Waters Map Series—Offshore of Santa Cruz, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochrane, Guy R.; Dartnell, Peter; Johnson, Samuel Y.; Erdey, Mercedes D.; Golden, Nadine E.; Greene, H. Gary; Dieter, Bryan E.; Hartwell, Stephen R.; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Finlayson, David P.; Endris, Charles A.; Watt, Janet T.; Davenport, Clifton W.; Sliter, Ray W.; Maier, Katherine L.; Krigsman, Lisa M.; Cochrane, Guy R.; Cochran, Susan A.

    2016-03-24

    IntroductionIn 2007, the California Ocean Protection Council initiated the California Seafloor Mapping Program (CSMP), designed to create a comprehensive seafloor map of high-resolution bathymetry, marine benthic habitats, and geology within the limit of California’s State Waters. The CSMP approach is to create highly detailed seafloor maps through collection, integration, interpretation, and visualization of swath sonar data, acoustic backscatter, seafloor video, seafloor photography, high-resolution seismic-reflection profiles, and bottom-sediment sampling data. The map products display seafloor morphology and character, identify potential marine benthic habitats, and illustrate both the surficial seafloor geology and shallow subsurface geology.The Offshore of Santa Cruz map area is located in central California, on the Pacific Coast about 98 km south of San Francisco. The city of Santa Cruz (population, about 63,000), the largest incorporated city in the map area and the county seat of Santa Cruz County, lies on uplifted marine terraces between the shoreline and the northwest-trending Santa Cruz Mountains, part of California’s Coast Ranges. All of California’s State Waters in the map area is part of the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary.The map area is cut by an offshore section of the San Gregorio Fault Zone, and it lies about 20 kilometers southwest of the San Andreas Fault Zone. Regional folding and uplift along the coast has been attributed to a westward bend in the San Andreas Fault Zone and to right-lateral movement along the San Gregorio Fault Zone. Most of the coastal zone is characterized by low, rocky cliffs and sparse, small pocket beaches backed by low, terraced hills. Point Santa Cruz, which forms the north edge of Monterey Bay, provides protection for the beaches in the easternmost part of the map area by sheltering them from the predominantly northwesterly waves.The shelf in the map area is underlain by variable amounts (0 to 25 m) of

  10. Methanotrophy under versatile conditions in the water column of the ferruginous meromictic Lake La Cruz (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsten Oswald

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Lakes represent a considerable natural source of methane to the atmosphere compared to their small global surface area. Methanotrophs in sediments and in the water column largely control methane fluxes from these systems, yet the diversity, electron accepting capacity and nutrient requirements of these microorganisms have only been partially identified. Here we investigated the role of electron acceptors alternative to oxygen and sulfate in microbial methane oxidation at the oxycline and in anoxic waters of the ferruginous meromictic Lake La Cruz, Spain. Active methane turnover in a zone extending well below the oxycline was evidenced by stable carbon isotope-based rate measurements. We observed a strong methane oxidation potential throughout the anoxic water column, which did not vary substantially from that at the oxic/anoxic interface. Both in the redox-transition and anoxic zones, only aerobic methane-oxidizing bacteria were detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization and sequencing techniques, suggesting a close coupling of cryptic photosynthetic oxygen production and aerobic methane turnover. Additions of nitrate, nitrite and to a lesser degree iron and manganese oxides also stimulated bacterial methane consumption. We could not confirm a direct link between the reduction of these compounds and methane oxidation and we cannot exclude the contribution of unknown anaerobic methanotrophs. Nevertheless, our findings from Lake La Cruz support recent laboratory evidence that aerobic methanotrophs may be able to utilize alternative terminal electron acceptors under oxygen limitation.

  11. The Solomon Islands tsunami of 6 February 2013 field survey in the Santa Cruz Islands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, H. M.; Papantoniou, A.; Biukoto, L.; Albert, G.

    2013-12-01

    On February 6, 2013 at 01:12:27 UTC (local time: UTC+11), a magnitude Mw 8.0 earthquake occurred 70 km to the west of Ndendo Island (Santa Cruz Island) in the Solomon Islands. The under-thrusting earthquake near a 90° bend, where the Australian plate subducts beneath the Pacific plate generated a locally focused tsunami in the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean. The tsunami claimed the lives of 10 people and injured 15, destroyed 588 houses and partially damaged 478 houses, affecting 4,509 people in 1,066 households corresponding to an estimated 37% of the population of Santa Cruz Island. A multi-disciplinary international tsunami survey team (ITST) was deployed within days of the event to document flow depths, runup heights, inundation distances, sediment and coral boulder depositions, land level changes, damage patterns at various scales, performance of the man-made infrastructure and impact on the natural environment. The 19 to 23 February 2013 ITST covered 30 locations on 4 Islands: Ndendo (Santa Cruz), Tomotu Noi (Lord Howe), Nea Tomotu (Trevanion, Malo) and Tinakula. The reconnaissance completely circling Ndendo and Tinakula logged 240 km by small boat and additionally covered 20 km of Ndendo's hard hit western coastline by vehicle. The collected survey data includes more than 80 tsunami runup and flow depth measurements. The tsunami impact peaked at Manoputi on Ndendo's densely populated west coast with maximum tsunami height exceeding 11 m and local flow depths above ground exceeding 7 m. A fast tide-like positive amplitude of 1 m was recorded at Lata wharf inside Graciosa Bay on Ndendo Island and misleadingly reported in the media as representative tsunami height. The stark contrast between the field observations on exposed coastlines and the Lata tide gauge recording highlights the importance of rapid tsunami reconnaissance surveys. Inundation distance and damage more than 500 m inland were recorded at Lata airport on Ndendo Island. Landslides were

  12. Antimicrobial susceptibility of bacteria isolated in hospital environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Carlosso Krummenauer

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available A comissão de controle de infecção e Epidemiologia Hospitalar do Hospital Santa Cruz prioriza atitudes educacionais contínuas focadas no perfil de sensibilidade de bactérias isoladas que causam infecção ou colonização e divulga sistematicamente esta publicação para auxiliar nas condutas institucionais.

  13. Ranching and conservation in the Santa Cruz River Region, Sonora: Milpillas Case Study (Ganaderia y Conservacion en la Region del Rio Santa Cruz, Sonora: El Caso del Grupo Milpillas)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joaquin Murrieta-Saldivar

    2006-01-01

    The Sonoran Institute (SI) is a non-profit organization working with people toward common conservation goals. Two objectives guide the work of the Sonoran Institute in the Santa Cruz River Region in Sonora, Mexico: to establish projects with community participation that can result in tangible and long-lasting benefits to the environment, and to ensure success by...

  14. The Cuatrocientos milagros de la cruz of Jaime Bleda: a bedside book for Calderón?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrián J. Sáez

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract:This paper explores the possible knowledge that some authors of the Golden Age may have about certain treatises of historical, philosophical and political nature, besides the well-known relations with other literary works, like the critics frequently have pointed out. So, this investigation compares the series of miracles that appear in La devoción de la cruz of Calderón with the book Cuatrocientos milagros de la cruz of Jaime Bleda, a religious treaty that Calderón might recalled in order to write some passages of this comedy. Overall, this paper reveals data about the prodigious miscellany that may serve to other studies about this matter. Resumen:Este trabajo explora el posible conocimiento que algunos autores del Siglo de Oro pudieron tener de ciertos tratados de tema histórico, filosófico, político, etc., al margen de las relaciones con otras obras literarias, frecuentemente estudiadas por la crítica. Así, se pone en diálogo la serie de milagros que aparecen en La devoción de la cruz de Calderón con los Cuatrocientos milagros de la cruz de Jaime Bleda, un repertorio de milagros que Calderón pudo recordar a la hora de escribir algunos pasajes de esta comedia. Conjuntamente se da noticia de esta miscelánea de prodigios, que puede resultar de gran utilidad para otros estudios.

  15. Fire History in Coast Redwood Stands in San Mateo County Parks and Jasper Ridge, Santa Cruz Mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott L. Stephens; Danny L. Fry

    2007-01-01

    Fire regimes in coast redwood forests in the northeastern Santa Cruz Mountains were determined by ring counts from 46 coast redwood stumps and live trees. The earliest recorded fire from two live samples was in 1615 and the last fire recorded was in 1884, although samples were not crossdated. For all sites combined, the mean fire return interval (FRI) was 12.0 years;...

  16. Lengua de los Llanos: A Northen Valley Yokuts catechism from Misión Santa Cruz, Alta California

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Smith, N.S.H.; Johnson, J.R.

    2013-01-01

    The Lengua de los Llanos represents a hitherto unknown Yokuts tribal dialect which was used to produce a catechism for the first Yokuts converts missionized at Misión Santa Cruz. The authors are in the process of studying the dialect used in the catechism, which, despite the fact that it is clearly

  17. Las cofradías de la Vera Cruz en el reino de Navarra (siglos XVI-XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorio Silanes Susaeta

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The first confraternities of the Vera Cruz are established in the Kingdom of Navarra in second half of the XVIth century, in application of the arrangements of the Council of Trento. In these pages is described their form of organization and the principal assignments that accomplishes.

  18. The Border Environmental Health Initiative: Investigation of the Transboundary Santa Cruz Watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, L. M.; Callegary, J. B.; van Riper, C.; Gray, F.; Paretti, N.; Villarreal, M.

    2009-12-01

    In the borderland region of the desert southwest, human health and the ecosystems upon which humans rely largely depend on the quality, quantity, and distribution of water resources. In the Santa Cruz River Watershed (SCW), located in the Arizona and Sonora, Mexico border region, surface water is scarce and unreliable, and, during much of the year, is composed of effluent from the local wastewater treatment plant. This makes groundwater the preferred and, consequently, primary source for industrial, agricultural, and domestic use. USGS scientists are using an integrative approach, incorporating the expertise of the Geography, Water, Biology, and Geology disciplines to identify risks to water resources in the SCW, and the potential for impacts to riparian ecosystems and ultimately, human health. This includes tracking organic and inorganic contaminants and their effects from sources to sinks in sediment, water, plants, and animals. Existing ground- and surface-water models will be used and modified to assess contaminant and sediment transport. Water quality, sediment, aquatic macro invertebrates, aquatic plants (macrophytes), algae, riparian grasses, fish, and birds will be sampled at five locations along the Santa Cruz River. Field sampling data will be obtained at sites that coincide with historical sampling programs. Site locations include (i.) the Santa Cruz River headwaters (which should be unaffected by downstream contaminant sources), (ii.) a tributary routed through an abandoned mining district, (iii.) a binational tributary that flows though highly urbanized areas, (iv.) effluent from the local wastewater treatment plant, and (v.) the downstream confluence of the first four sources. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model will be used in combination with field data to identify key sources of contaminants, contributing areas, and transport modes to track their movement to surface waters. These data will be used together to test relationships between

  19. Peso al nacimiento y fotoperíodo en Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bejarano, Ignacio

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Por su ubicación geográfica austral, la provincia de Santa Cruz presenta 2 fotoperíodos (FP: a alta luminosidad (FP1 (Diciembre-Mayo; b baja luminosidad o heliofania (FP2 (Junio-Noviembre. Se analiza la influencia de los FP sobre el peso al nacimiento (PN de los RNV de la provincia de Santa Cruz. Se consideraron únicamente los PN de las gestas a término que transcurrieron el último trimestre completo en cada FP: FP1 (n=11.575; FP2 (n=11.804. Los datos se agruparon por sexo, FP y edad gestacional (EG. Las diferencias entre FP se establecieron con ANOVA. En los dos FP los varones fueron más pesados que las mujeres, sin embargo, se observaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0.05 de los PN entre FP, siendo los niños y niñas de FP2 más pesados que los de FP1. Paradójicamente la ganancia de peso por EG fue mayor en el FP1, excepto entre EG 38-39. Independientemente del sexo, en ambos FP, los PN no fueron homogéneos para EG 37, 38 y 39, resultando las diferencias estadísticamente significativas (p<0.01. Si bien se han demostrado respuestas biológicas (reproducción, trastornos psicoafectivos, etc. a cambios estacionales del FP en el hombre y los primates, no existen antecedentes bibliográficos de tales respuestas en el crecimiento y desarrollo prenatal. Probablemente la relación entre PN y FP observada en Santa Cruz podría atribuirse, más que al efecto directo del FP sobre el PN, a la influencia de este factor mesológico sobre los comportamientos culturales maternos y domésticos diferenciales entre FP. Estos hallazgos preliminares deberán ser corroborados en poblaciones australes similares incluyendo la consideración de otras variables mesológicas y culturales.

  20. A divulgação da competência técnica em socorro das enfermeiras da cruz vermelha (SP nas circunstâncias da Primeira Guerra Mundial (1917-1918.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Porto

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Estudo histórico-social tendo como objetivo descrever as circunstâncias da entrada do Brasil na Primeira Guerra Mundial; descrever e analisar conteúdo fotográfico sobre o preparo das enfermeiras brasileiras para participar nos serviços da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira na Primeira Guerra Mundial. A delimitação temporal foi no ano de 1917, quando ocorreu a divulgação da participação do Brasil na Primeira Guerra Mundial e 1918 a divulgação da partida de uma comissão médica brasileira para atendimento aos feridos na Guerra. Estudo documental fundamentado em Bordieu, sendo utilizados documentos escritos e fotográficos referentes à epoca, com destaque para análise de quatro fotos da Revista da Semana. A primeira Guerra Mundial agitou a imprensa escrita e ilustrada. A Cruz Vermelha Brasileira, através da Escola de Enfermeiras de São Paulo, apresentou à sociedade as competências técnicas na prestação de socorro com a formação do habitus e capital escolar adquirido, mas que por motivos adversos não obteve visibilidade no relatório institucional. Por outro lado, na imprensa ilustrada vestígios da participação das enfermeiras em um hospital em Paris foram encontrados.

  1. Las hermandades y cofradías de la Vera Cruz en el País Vasco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Fernández, Ernesto

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we analyse the period in which the first foundations of the Brotherhoods and Fraternities of the True Cross took place in the Basque Country and assess the importance that the cult of the Cross had in this region. In addition, we examine carefully and systematically the evident relations between the fraternity of the True Cross in Bilbao and the fraternity of the True Cross in Vitoria, for whose foundation in 1538 there is documented evidence. This study shows that the statutes of the fraternity of the True Cross in the town of Vitoria were taken into account by those who decided to set up the same fraternity in the town of Bilbao in the middle of the sixteenth century.En este artículo se analiza y valora el período en que se produjeron en el País Vasco las primeras fundaciones de las Hermandades y Cofradías de la Vera Cruz, así como la importancia que tuvo el culto a la Cruz en este territorio. Al mismo tiempo se examinan, de manera más precisa y sistemática, las relaciones manifiestas de la cofradía de la Vera Cruz de Bilbao con la cofradía de la Vera Cruz de Vitoria, cuya fundación está documentada en 1538. De este estudio se deriva que los estatutos de la cofradía de la Vera Cruz de la ciudad de Vitoria fueron tenidos en cuenta por quienes en la villa de Bilbao decidieron instituir dicha cofradía a mediados del siglo XVI.

  2. La narrativa de la desesperanza: El embarcadero de los incurables (1998 de Fernando Cruz Kronfly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Vicente Padilla Chasing

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Antes de entrar en algunos detalles de la novela El embarcadero de los incurables (1998, a través del problema de la desesperanza, este artículo busca, primero, articular esta novela a una tradición narrativa y, luego, ubicarla en el conjunto de la obra de Fernando Cruz Kronfly. En términos generales el problema y su expresión novelesca son entendidos como una evaluación estética de la crisis de la modernidad y sus valores, así como una toma de posición frente a los asaltos del sentir y el modo posmoderno de vida. A manera de ejemplo, haciendo énfasis en el tipo de novela practicado por el autor, en esta se analiza la condición de los sujetos de hoy y su intrascendencia en las urbes posmodernas.

  3. Se-bearing polybasite- Tac from the Martha mine, Macizo del Deseado, Santa Cruz, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Márquez-Zavalía, M. F.; Bindi, L.; Márquez, M.; Menchetti, S.

    2008-09-01

    Se-bearing polybasite- Tac is associated with galena, chalcopyrite, sphalerite, tetrahedrite, electrum and quartz at the Martha mine, an epithermal silver gold deposit located adjacent to the Deseado Massif, Santa Cruz province, Argentina. Three samples, with variable chemical composition and showing the 111 unit-cell type, were studied by means of X-ray single crystal diffraction and electron microprobe. The unit-cell parameters were modeled using a multiple regression method as a function of the Ag, Sb, and Se contents. The predicted values resulted in excellent agreement with experimental unit-cell parameters. We observed that high contents of selenium in polybasite are associated with relatively low copper contents. This finding corroborates previous studies that the copper content of pearceite polybasite group minerals can be very low if selenium is present.

  4. Representaciones sociales del desastre de 1940 en Santa Cruz Pueblo Nuevo, Estado de México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandra Toscana Aparicio

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available En esta invetsigación indagamos algunas representaciones sociales que los habitantes de la localidad rural Santa Cruz Pueblo Nuevo, Tenango del Valle, Estado de México han constriudo en torno a una "cola de agua" que produjo una inundación en 1940, cuyos impactos devastadores llevaron a la población a la necesaria reconstruccón material y simbólica del poblado. El anánlisis del significado del desastre y de sus consecuencias se hizo a partir de la perspectiva teórico- metodológica de las representaciones sociales, la cual permite entender cómo los habitantes del poblado han interiorizado el evento natural destructivo y la mirada sobre sí mismos en torno a su vulnerabilidad.

  5. Blaming Machismo: How the Social Imaginary is Failing Men with HIV in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heckert, Carina

    2017-01-01

    Drawing from an ethnography of HIV care in Santa Cruz, Bolivia, in this article I explore how the social imaginary surrounding gender relations shapes men's experiences of seeking care for and living with HIV. Popular understandings of gender relations, which draw heavily on the machismo concept, intersect with a global health master narrative that frames women as victims in the AIDS epidemic in a way that generates a strong sentiment of blaming machismo within local HIV/AIDS-related services. Statements such as, "it's because of machismo" are used to explain away epidemiological trends. Participant observation in the context of HIV care, coupled with illness narrative interviews, illuminate how blaming machismo shapes men's experiences of care and the ways that they feel excluded from various forms of support. Thus, the illness experiences of men with HIV problematize the machismo concept and how it is drawn upon in the context of care.

  6. Challenges on Teaching English as A Foreign Language (EFL in Santa Cruz, RN Public Schools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Sarah Cooper

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents results from the first phase of an action research regarding the impressions of teachers and students of the challenges they face in teaching/learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL in 5 groups of Middle and High School students at 3 public schools in the city of Santa Cruz, RN. Considering the school drop-out rate in Brazil is greatest at the High School level, and among all the regions in Brazil, the highest rate being in the Northeast, the need for a context analysis is clear, so that we may suggest pedagogical actions in the 2nd phase of the action research. The precariousness of the rates led us to pose the following questions: 1 what are the impressions of the students and teachers about the biggest challenges they face in the public schools?; and 2 what are some pedagogical practices that we can suggest for overcoming these challenges? The instrument used to generate data was the application of questionnaires applied to 75 students from three groups and five teachers in the public schools in Santa Cruz, RN. The results of this data indicate that the impression of the teachers is that they lack “motivating strategies” in EFL and the student’s report that their greatest learning challenge is in reading and writing. Thus, we propose workshops in the program: Reading to Learn – accelerated learning and closing the gap, that aims at fomenting the success of all of the learners in the classroom, positively contributing to their motivation. These strategies aim to provide support for the success of all students in the classroom, which in turn contributes to learner motivation.

  7. Alimentación y fecundidad de Bufo variegatus (Anura: Bufonidae en Santa Cruz, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rappi, Guillermina E.

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available Se describe la alimentación de una población de Bufo variegatus procedente de la región de Lago del Desierto, provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina. De los 11 ítems presa identificados, los más consumidos por los adultos (tanto machos como hembras fueron los coleópteros. En los machos la segunda categoría presa mas importante en la contribución a la dieta fueron los ácaros, mientras que en las hembras las hormigas y las larvas de insectos siguieron en importancia al consumo de coleópteros. En los especímenes juveniles, los ácaros fueron las presas más consumidas, quedando los coleópteros en segundo lugar en importancia relativa. Se demuestra la existencia de una correlación positiva significativa entre el volumen de las presas y el tamaño del depredador. Se aportan datos referentes a la fecundidad de B. variegatus y se comprueba la ausencia de correlación entre el tamaño de las hembras grávidas y el número de óvulos maduros. The diet of a population of Bufo variegatus from the region of Lago del Desierto, Santa Cruz province, Argentina, is described. Of the 11 prey items identified, Coleoptera was the most consumed prey both for males and females. In males, the second most important prey was Acarii, while in females they were the ants and insect larvae. Acarii was the most consumed prey for juveniles, followed by Coleoptera. A significant positive correlation was found between prey volume and predator body size. Fecundity information for B. variegwus is given, and a lack of correlation between snout-vent length of mature females and ovarian egg complement is demonstrated.

  8. Fossil woods (Coniferales from the Baqueró Group (Aptian, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezequiel I. Vera

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Two new conifer morphospecies represented by a secondary xylem are reported for the Lower Cretaceous Baqueró Group (Santa Cruz Province, Argentina. Agathoxylon sp. is characterized by poorly defined growth rings, predominantly uniseriate pitting in the radial wall of the tracheids, cross fields with 1-6 pits and uniseriate rays. These features are shared with the leafy branches described for the unit as Araucaria grandifolia Feruglio emend. Del Fueyo and Archangelsky. The second taxon, Brachyoxylon sp. cf. B. boureaui, possesses poorly defined growth rings, mixed wood with predominantly uniseriate radial pitting, cross fields with 8-26 pits and uniseriate rays. These taxa represent the first fossil woods described for Baqueroan strata.Duas novas morfoespécies de coníferas representadas por xilema secundário são reportadas para o Cretáceo Inferior do Grupo Baqueró (Província de Santa Cruz, Argentina. Agathoxylon sp. é caracterizada por anéis de crescimento poucos definidos, sulcos predominantemente uniseriados na parede radial dos traqueídeos, campos de cruzamento com 1-6 perfurações e raios uniseriados. Estas características são comuns com os ramos frondosos descritos para a unidade como Araucaria grandifolia Feruglio emend. Del Fueyo e Archangelsky. O segundo taxon, Brachyoxylon sp. cf. B. boureaui, possui anéis de crescimento poucos definidos, lenho misto com predominância de sulcos radiais uniseriados, campos de cruzamento com 8-26 perfurações e raios uniseriados. Estes táxons representam a primeira descrição de madeira fóssil para o Grupo Baqueró.

  9. Evaluation of toxicity of polluted marine sediments from Bahia Salina Cruz, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzalez-Lozano, Maria Cristina; Mendez-Rodriguez, Lia C; Maeda-Martinez, Alejandro M; Murugan, Gopal; Vazquez-Botello, Alfonso

    2010-01-01

    Bahia Salina Cruz, Oaxaca, Mexico is a major center of oil and refined product distribution on the Mexican Pacific coast. From the start of oil industry operations in 1979, negative effects from discharges of treated effluents in the bay have been a constant concern for local communities. We analyzed 28 surface sediment samples obtained in June, 2002 to evaluate the level of toxicity in the littoral zone, port-harbor, and La Ventosa estuary in Bahia Salina Cruz. The extractable organic matter concentration was high (1,213 to 7,505 micro g g(-1)) in 5 of 7 stations from the port and harbor, whereas it was low in 12 of 16 stations in the littoral zone (36 to 98 micro g g(-1)). The total aromatic hydrocarbon concentration was highest (57 to 142 micro g g(-1)) in the port and harbor compared to the La Ventosa estuary and the littoral zone. Among the heavy metals analyzed, cadmium exceeded the effects range-low values associated with adverse biological effects. The geo-accumulation index of sediments was moderate to strong contamination at 5 stations in the nonlittoral and 6 stations in the littoral zone. The enrichment of lead, zinc, and cadmium at 5 stations from the littoral, port, and harbor suggest that these metals are of anthropogenic origin. Bioassay tests of elutriates of sediments on nauplii of Artemia franciscana and Artemia sp. showed that the port and harbor were more toxic than the La Ventosa estuary and the coastal zone. The Microtox test (Vibrio fischeri) did not show a similar response with the solid phase of the sediments. The results of this study indicate that the high levels of organic content and metals in the sediments of port-harbor and the La Ventosa estuary are mainly caused by anthropogenic activities.

  10. Perfil profissional de nutricionistas egressos da Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique Feix

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: avaliar o perfil profissional dos nutricionistas egressos da Universidade de Santa Cruz do Sul, no período de 2002 a 2014, buscando identificar as áreas de atuação, cidades de atuação, a satisfação profissional e os índices de realização de pós-graduação, bem como observar a filiação aos órgãos da classe. Método: estudo de delineamento transversal, utilizou a aplicação de um questionário estruturado de auto resposta, remetido aos 323 egressos, via endereços eletrônicos. Para a análise dos dados foi utilizado o programa Microsoft Excel. Resultados e Considerações finais: dos 107 egressos de nutrição que aderiram à pesquisa, 83,1% (n=89 exercem a profissão, sendo a área de atuação que mais emprega a alimentação coletiva, 50,6% (n=45. Os nutricionistas atuam, principalmente, na região do Rio Grande do Sul, sendo a principal cidade Santa Cruz do Sul, 47,2% (n=42. A maioria 65,2% (n=58 informou o desejo de permanecer na área em que estava atuando, sendo a nutrição clínica, àquela com maior número de satisfeitos. Os egressos estão filiados aos Conselhos Regionais de Nutricionistas e buscam atualização em programas de pós-graduação. Este tipo de estudo possibilita o aprimoramento da formação e satisfação profissional em Nutrição da Universidade.

  11. Analysis of Pollution Potential of the Upper San Pedro and Upper Santa Cruz Aquifers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lincicome, A. D.; Brusseau, M. L.

    2011-12-01

    Transboundary aquifers along the U.S.-Mexico border are subject to unique demands and constraints, and are a focus of priority assessment under the auspices of the Transboundary Aquifer Assessment Program. The Upper Santa Cruz and Upper San Pedro basins in southern Arizona are experiencing rapid population growth and development, and the associated water and environmental resource demands are stressors to water resource sustainability. A groundwater vulnerability assessment was performed to evaluate groundwater resources within these two basins using DRASTIC (Depth to water, net Recharge, Aquifer media, Soil media, Topography, Impact of vadose zone media, and hydraulic Conductivity of the aquifer). DRASTIC analysis is a standardized method developed by the Environmental Protection Agency for evaluating groundwater pollution potential. DRASTIC was used to characterize the potential for contamination of groundwater by land surface sources. Data layers for the DRASTIC analysis were compiled and analyzed separately based on rating methods from DRASTIC. These methods rate each layer on a scale of one to ten, one being the least vulnerable to contamination and ten being the most vulnerable. Weights for each layer were also provided by DRASTIC based on each layer's contribution to the overall vulnerability of the aquifer. These layers were then analyzed using the equation: DRDW+RRRW+ARAw+SRSW+TRTW+IRIW+CRCW = Pollution Potential, where R = rating, and W = weight. This assessment was coupled with current knowledge of groundwater contamination and current land use practices to identify zones of potential concern. This information can be used to better direct city planning, zoning programs, and groundwater monitoring and remediation efforts throughout the Upper Santa Cruz and Upper San Pedro basins.

  12. Map Showing Seacliff Response to Climatic and Seismic Events, Seabright Beach, Santa Cruz County, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hapke, Cheryl J.; Richmond, Bruce M.; D'Iorio, Mimi M.

    2002-01-01

    Introduction The coastal cliffs along much of the central California coast are actively retreating. Large storms and periodic earthquakes are responsible for most of the documented sea cliff slope failures. Long-term average erosion rates calculated for this section of coast do not provide the spatial or temporal data resolution necessary to identify the processes responsible for retreat of the sea cliffs where episodic retreat threatens homes and community infrastructure. Research suggests that more erosion occurs along the California coast over a short time scale, during periods of severe storms or seismic activity, than occurs during decades of normal weather or seismic quiescence. This is the third map in a series of maps prepared to document the processes of short-term sea cliff retreat through the identification of slope failure styles, spatial variability of failures, and temporal variation in retreat amounts in an area that has been identified as an erosion hotspot. This map presents sea cliff failure and retreat data from the Seabright Beach section, California, which is located on the east side of Santa Cruz along the northern Monterey Bay coast. The data presented in this map series provide high-resolution spatial and temporal information on the location, amount, and processes of sea cliff retreat in Santa Cruz, California. These data show the response of the sea cliffs to both large magnitude earthquakes and severe climatic events such as El Ni?os; this information may prove useful in predicting the future response of the cliffs to events of similar magnitude. The map data can also be incorporated into Global Information System (GIS) for use by researchers and community planners. During this study we developed a method for investigating short-term processes of sea cliff evolution using rectified photographic stereo models. This method allows us to document the linear extent of cliff failures, the spatial and temporal relationship between failures, and

  13. Valimiento del adulto mayor en dos consultorios del Policlínico Docente "Hermanos Cruz" Value of elderly in two consulting rooms of "Hermanos Cruz" Teaching Polyclinic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Leonardo López

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: el estudio del envejecimiento y de sus características se ha ido convirtiendo en objeto de atención prioritaria en el marco del justificado interés actual por la senilidad. Objetivos: caracterizar a los pacientes geriátricos según edad y sexo, determinar las discapacidades y el grado de valimiento de estos pacientes. Métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal realizado durante el año 2007 en dos consultorios del médico y la enfermera de la familia (Nos. 112 y 251, del Policlínico Docente "Hermanos Cruz" en Pinar del Río, Cuba. El universo de estudio lo conformaron 142 pacientes adultos mayores. Las variables investigadas fueron: edad, sexo, grado de valimiento y discapacidad. Para la recolección de la información se utilizó el método observacional documental de historias clínicas y la escala geriátrica de evaluación funcional, el Índice de Lawton y la encuesta de factores de riesgo de discapacidad. Resultados: en la muestra predominó el grupo de edad de 70-74 años y el 51,40 % de los pacientes era del sexo masculino. Se encontró discapacidad en el 72,53 % y la independencia en sus actividades habituales en el grado de valimiento III se halló en el 73,94 %. Conclusiones: algún grado de discapacidad está presente en la mayor parte de los gerontes aunque es frecuente hallar independencia de los ancianos en sus actividades habituales.Introduction: aging study and its features has becomes a priority care aim within the current justified interest by senility. Objectives: to characterize the geriatric patients according age and sex, to determine the inabilities and the degree level of these patients. Methods: a cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted in 2007 in two consulting rooms (Nro. 112 and 251 and family nurse from the "Hermanos Cruz" Teaching Polyclinic in Prinar del Río province, Cuba. Sample included 142 elderly patients. Researched variables included: age, sex, degree level and

  14. A construção discursiva dos reeducandos da Penitenciária Estadual Oswaldo Florentino Leite ‘Ferrugem’ de Sinop entre os anos 2010 e 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarida Korpalski

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo que se pretende desenvolver tem como propósito investigar como ocorre a construção discursiva dos reeducandos da Penitenciária Oswaldo Florentino Leite “Ferrugem” de Sinop – MT. O corpus da pesquisa compõe-se de bilhetes que circulam entre as alas (que no linguajar do sistema prisional são chamadas de “raios”, entre os reeducandos e com os funcionários da instituição. Serão abordados os sentidos que se mostram nos bilhetes e o seu funcionamento, através dos pressupostos teóricos da Análise de Discurso de linha francesa (AD As análises do corpus escolhido proceder-se-ão com base nos conceitos, defendidos por Michel Pêcheux e Eni P. Orlandi entre outros teóricos. Visa-se compreender os processos de formação dos sentidos nesse espaço discursivo específico, levando-se em conta sujeito, discurso, leitor, texto, formações discursivas, memória discursiva, enunciador, enunciação, interpretação, efeitos de sentido, entre outros conceitos propostos pela AD. No presente trabalho serão observados os elementos discursivos que os reeducandos utilizam em seus bilhetes, pretende-se compreender que relações entre o “formular” e o texto se configuram, nesse caso específico os bilhetes e se constroem como materialidade discursiva. Como o discurso se constrói no ato da escritura (o texto e quais são as relações que estabelecem os sentidos manifestos que se formulam e circulam na materialidade discursiva. O que estes sentidos manifestos querem dizer e significar perante a relação linguagem mundo e no contexto contemporâneo. Nesse sentido essa compreensão se evidencia no movimento entre sujeito, história e ideologia em um processo de convivência, ao final espera-se compreender como se dá a construção discursiva dentro deste espaço penitenciário em Sinop.Palavras-chave: análise de discurso; sentidos discursivos; reeducandos; Pêcheux.

  15. A construção discursiva dos reeducandos da Penitenciária Estadual Oswaldo Florentino Leite ‘Ferrugem’ de Sinop entre os anos 2010 e 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarida Korpalski

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available O estudo teve como propósito investigar como acontece a construção discursiva dos reeducandos da Penitenciária Oswaldo Florentino Leite “Ferrugem” de Sinop – MT. O corpus da pesquisa compõe-se de bilhetes que circulam entre as alas, que no linguajar do sistema prisional são chamadas de “raios”, entre os reeducandos e com os funcionários da instituição. Abordamos os sentidos que se mostram nos bilhetes e o seu funcionamento, através dos pressupostos teóricos da Análise de Discurso de linha francesa (AD. O procedimento de análise do corpus escolhido se deu com base nos conceitos, defendidos por Michel Pêcheux e Eni Pucinelli Orlandi. Visando compreender os processos de formação dos sentidos nesse espaço discursivo específico, consideramos sujeito, discurso, leitor, texto, formações discursivas, memória discursiva, enunciador, enunciação, interpretação, efeitos de sentido. Observamos os elementos discursivos que os reeducandos utilizam em seus bilhetes, objetivando compreender que relações entre o “formular” e o texto se configuram, nesse caso específico os bilhetes e se constroem como materialidade discursiva. Em nossas análises destacamos: como o discurso se constrói no ato da escritura, as relações que estabelecem os sentidos manifestos que se formulam e circulam na materialidade discursiva; o que estes sentidos manifestos querem dizer e significar perante a relação linguagem mundo e no contexto contemporâneo. Nesse sentido essa compreensão se evidencia no movimento entre sujeito, história e ideologia em um processo de convivência, esperamos ter contribuído na compreensão de como se dá a construção discursiva dentro deste espaço penitenciário em Sinop.Palavras-chave: Análise de Discurso. Construção Discursiva. Bilhetes. Reeducandos.

  16. [Historical exploration of Acapulco hospitals, Guerrero, Mexico].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fajardo-Ortiz, Guillermo; Salcedo-Alvarez, Rey Arturo

    2006-01-01

    This study attempts to recount the history of the main hospitals of the port of Acapulco from colonial times until the end of the 20th century. The Augustine friars began hospital care at the end of the first part of the 16th century. Later, Bernardino Alvarez (1514?-1584), with the support of the Spanish crown, founded the first formal hospital in Acapulco called Hospital de Nuestra Señora de la Consolación (Our Lady of Consolation Hospital). During the 16th and 17th centuries, the sick were attended by friars, and by the end of the 19th century there were physicians and surgeons. From the end of the Independence War until the end of the 19th century, the port did not have any true hospital. The first degreed physicians and surgeons arrived and resided in Acapulco in 1920. In 1938, the Hospital Civil Morelos (Morelos Civil Hospital) began providing services. It was replaced by the Hospital General de Acapulco (General Hospital of Acapulco). At the fourth decade of the past century the Cruz Roja (Red Cross) was created. In 1957 the hospital services of the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS, Mexican Institute of Social Security), which was founded in 1963, was inaugurated with the Unidad Medico/Social (Medical and Social Unit) of the IMSS in Acapulco. This began the journey of modernity in Acapulco. In 1992, Hospital Regional Vicente Guerrero (Regional Hospital Vicente Guerrero) of the IMSS, initiated its services. In 1960, medical services for civil workers and their families were housed in the Hospital Civil Morelos (Morelos Civil Hospital). Shortly afterwards, the Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales para los Trabajadores del Estado (ISSSTE, Security and Social Services Institute for State Employees) had their own hospital. During the 20th century, Acapulco has added other hospital services to care for members of the navy and armed forces, as well as for those persons with financial resources for private care.

  17. SECRU1M.TIF - Southeast Santa Cruz sidescan sonar backscatter image in nearshore Benthic Habitat mapping Project S. California map Series. (UTM 10N, NAD83)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The sidescan sonar image of the nearshore seafloor (0 to 100 m water depths) of the Southeast Santa Cruz area was mosaicked from data collected in 1999. A Klein 2000...

  18. Evaluacion sensorial de arroz biofortificado, variedad IDIAP Santa Cruz 11, en granjas autosostenibles del Patronato de Nutricion en la Provincia de Cocle, Panama

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Camargo Buitrago, Ismael; Henriquez, Teresita; Montenegro, Salvador; Vergara de Caballero, Eira; Espinosa, Juan; Vergara, Omaris; Mojica de Torres, Eyra

    2011-01-01

    Objetivo: evaluar si existen diferencias sensoriales estadisticamente significativas entre una variedad de arroz mejorado nutricionalmente con hierro y zinc, variedad IDIAP Santa Cruz 11, y otra usada comunmente por la poblacion...

  19. Cofradías y devociones populares en el convento de Santa Cruz la Real de Granada (Confraternities and popular devotions in the convent of Santa Cruz la Real of Granada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Luis López-Guadalupe Muñoz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: Aunque menos conocida que para otras órdenes, como la franciscana, la presencia de cofradías y devociones arraigadas en la piedad granadina fue un bastión esencial en la vida del convento dominico de Santa Cruz la Real de Granada durante la época moderna. En realidad, la escasez de documentación impide ponderar su magnitud. Con al menos una decena de cofradías o congregaciones, gozó de la firme apuesta confraternal de las órdenes mendicantes. En Santa Cruz la Real, además de la prestigiosa Orden Tercera, hubo otras asociaciones de seglares en torno a la Virgen María, la Pasión de Cristo y diversos santos, entre los que descollaron los propios de la orden. Las noticias fragmentarias conservadas rayan a menudo en milagrería y cándida credulidad, pero manifiestan el vigor de las devociones y de los resortes hábilmente utilizados por los frailes predicadores para extender el carisma propio de la orden dominica.Abstract: Though less known that for other orders, as Franciscan one, the presence of confraternities and devotions established in the religiosity of Granada was an essential base in the life of the Dominican convent of Santa Cruz la Real during the modern age. Indeed the shortage of documentation prevents from weighting its magnitude. With at least ten confraternities or congregations, this convent bet for the popular piety as the other begging orders. Besides the prestigious Third Order, there were in Santa Cruz la Real other associations for laymen concerning the Virgin Mary, the Passion of Christ and diverse saints, some of them Dominicans. The fragmentary news often borders a candid credulity, but they demonstrate the vitality of the devotions promoted by the Dominican order.

  20. Rahne Alexander: Out in the Redwoods, Documenting Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual, Transgender History at the University of California, Santa Cruz, 1965-2003

    OpenAIRE

    Reti, Irene H.; Colliau, Erin

    2004-01-01

    Rahne Alexander was interviewed on February 11, 2002 and February 25, 2002 in Santa Cruz, California. Erin is a theorist and activist dedicated to transgender, feminist, anti-racist and anti-classist issues, and a personal friend of Rahne Alexander's. Rahne has been a student, activist, and workshop leader at UCSC and in Santa Cruz since the mid- to late-1990s. She is a tranny femme, MTF [Male to Female] activist.

  1. Unplanned Hospital Visits - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Unplanned Hospital Visits – provider data. This data set includes provider data for the hospital return days (or excess days in acute care) measures, the unplanned...

  2. Un siglo de poesía para sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Millares, Selena

    2010-01-01

    La huella de la obra de Juana Inés de la Cruz y los homenajes de los poetas del siglo XX a su talento y humanidad son innumerables en todo el ámbito hispánico. El artículo realiza una revisión no exhaustiva de los principales autores y obras sorjuanistas: el tributo de Amado Nervo a Juana de Asbaje; el ensayo Sor Juana Inés, hija de Eva (1920) de Unamuno; la «Silueta de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (Fragmento de un estudio)» (1924) de Gabriela Mistral; los trabajos de los Contemporáneos mexicano...

  3. "Poner riquezas en mi entendimiento" sor Juana Inés de la Cruz y sor Teresa de Cartagena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª del Mar Cortés Timoner

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to show the resemblances that we can find between Admiraçión operum Dey written by Teresa de Cartagena in the mid-XVth century and Respuesta de sor Filotea de la Cruz written by sor Juana Inés de la Cruz two hundred years later. Both works are two epistles where the female´s intellectual capacity to know and to write is defended by a nun who was received critized for a former work. The religious Teresa de Cartagena –converse bishop Pablo Cartagena's granddaughter– wrote a moral essay that surprised male readers who considered that the text was a plagiarism. On the other hand, the hieronymite sister sor Juana Inés was reproached by a clergyman for having written the polemic treatise on theology Carta Atenagórica.

  4. Transforming Mature Tourism Resorts into Sustainable Tourism Destinations through Participatory Integrated Approaches: The Case of Puerto de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serafin Corral

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Transforming mature tourism resorts has evolved toward a greater involvement of public authorities and away from the mere renovation of public spaces. Authorities today are required to lead the reorganization of tourism activities through the development of co-operative networks between all stakeholders involved. In this paper, a participatory integrated approach has been designed and implemented in collaboration with Spanish authorities and the tourism sector to propose a strategy to achieve the renovation of tourism resorts. This methodology was applied to Puerto de la Cruz, the oldest tourism destination in the Canary Islands and a clear paradigm of a consolidated resort. The objective is to define and implement policies to transform Puerto de la Cruz into a more sustainable tourism destination.

  5. Bullying entre escolares: um estudo descritivo na cidade de Cruz Alta/RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karine Bueno do Nascimento

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é analisar a prevalência de vítimas de bullying, suas características comportamentais e os sentimentos associados de estudantes de escolas públicas. Isto por que, o tema tem chamado a atenção de docentes em todo o país, sendo estas reflexões uma forma de contextualizar o cotidiano dos alunos sobre este aspecto, analisando os resultados obtidos com outros estudos na área que utilizaram a mesma metodologia. Para isso, utilizou-se o questionário da instituição inglesa Kidscape, tendo como entrevistados 459 alunos de ambos os sexos, matriculados de 5ª a 8ª série, em três escolas públicas estaduais da cidade de Cruz Alta–RS. Através dos dados obtidos, pode-se constatar que o bullying está presente nas escolas do município, tendo como reflexo alunos desmotivados para frequentar o ambiente escolar em virtude das agressões sofridas diariamente, dentre muitos outros aspectos discutidos no estudo. Diante disso, torna-se necessário um engajamento da comunidade escolar e por parte do Estado políticas públicas voltadas para o tema em questão.Abstract This study aimed to examine the prevalence of bullying victims, their behavioral characteristics and the associated feelings of public school students. This is why the issue has drawn the attention of teachers across the country, and this work is a way to contextualize the daily lives of students on this aspect. For this, we used the questionnaire from English institution Kidscape, as having interviewed 459 students of both sexes, enrolled from 5th to 8th grade in three public schools in the city of Cruz Alta-RS. Through the data obtained, it can be seen that bullying is present in the local schools, with the reflection unmotivated students to attend the school environment because of these daily abuses, among many other aspects discussed in the study. Given this, it is necessary engagement of the school community and by the state public policies aimed at the

  6. Manufacturing consensus in a diverse field of scholarly opinions: A comment on Bushman, Gollwitzer, and Cruz (2015).

    OpenAIRE

    Ivory, JD; Markey, PM; Elson, M; Colwell, J.; Ferguson, CJ; Griffiths, MD; Savage, J; Williams, KD

    2015-01-01

    We appreciate the efforts of Bushman and Cruz to provide new data describing parents’ and professionals’ opinions regarding effects of media violence. Unfortunately, we feel it is necessary to call attention to apparent errors and inaccuracies in the way those data are interpreted and represented in their article. The article overstates the extent to which there is agreement that media violence has meaningful negative societal effects and misrepresents the relevance of the study to an underst...

  7. Mujer y escritura en la época de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisca NOGUEROL JIMÉNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El artículo rastrea la existencia de escritoras coetáneas a sor Juana Inés de la Cruz que, como la monja mexicana, lucharon contra la alienación a la que eran sometidas por su condición de mujeres escritoras. A través de una serie de estrategias retóricas muy similares a las utilizadas en la «Respuesta a sor Filotea de la Cruz», las españolas María de San José, María de Zayas, la inglesa Mary Astell y la colombiana Francisca Josefa del Castillo, demostraron en distinto grado hasta qué punto el ser humano ha luchado a lo largo de su historia por conformarse como sujeto frente a un pensamiento –en este caso, la misoginia– que frustra sus intentos de expresión.ABSTRACT: This article seeks out the existence of female writers contemporary to sor Juana Inés de la Cruz who, like the Mexican nun, fought against the alienation to which they were subjected by their condition as women writers. Through a series of rethorical strategies very similar to the one’s applied in «Respuesta a sor Filotea de la Cruz», the Spanish women writers María de San José and María de Zayas, the English Mary Astell and the Colombian Francisca Josefa del Castillo demonstrated, to differing degrees, the exent to which human beings have fought throughout history to establish themselves as a subject facing a frame of mind –namely, misogyny–, that frustates their efforts of expression.

  8. Communication of work accidents involving biological material: a study in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul/RS

    OpenAIRE

    Dayane Diehl; Karini da Rosa; Susimar Souza Rosa; Susane Beatriz Frantz Krug

    2012-01-01

    Rationale and Objectives: Healthcare workers are constantly exposed to the risk of occupational accidents involving biological material. Thus the aim of the study was to develop a profile of workers involved in workplace accidents with biological materials in Santa Cruz do Sul, through the number of notifications made in information systems. Methods: Transversal retrospective study with a quantitative approach; data collection was carried out between the years 2008 and 2010 from medical recor...

  9. Factors affecting residents’ support to the development of religious tourism: the case of Santa Cruz (RN, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilmara Barros da Silva

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This study is about the primary stakeholder management - the resident community, with the principal aim to analyze the factors that can to influence the residents’ support to the development of religious tourism in Santa Cruz, State of Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, and the existing interrelationships between factors. In order to achieve this objective, it was necessary to use descriptive research, followed by a quantitative approach with application of questionnaires with 422 residents of Santa Cruz-RN city. The study  relied on the variables relationship model proposed by Nunkoo and Ramkissoon (2012, it was also used the technique of Structural Equation Modeling - SEM, aiming to explain the relationships between the constructs studied. Findings suggest that more the residents realize the benefits generated by tourism, as well as trust in government actors in charge of tourism development, the more there will be a propensity to support the development of religious tourism. We conclude that the structural model that best represents the reality of Santa Cruz-RN is composed of the constructs: benefits and costs of  tourism development in the local, as well as the confidence in governmental actors.

  10. Entomologic perception by teachers and students in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emanuel Maia

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to identify and interpret the entomologic perception of students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu, Médio Araguaia region. Semistructured interviews were carried out in December 2006 with students and teachers of the basic and intermediate levels, as well as in Youth and Adult Education, in the municipality of Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso. Of the living beings perceived as “insects” by all the interviewees, 82.75% belonged to the Insecta Class, but the rest belonged either to the Fungi Kingdom or to Classes of Animalia (Amphibia, Arachnida, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Gastropoda, Mammalia and Reptilia. The “insects” were defined by the interviewees as small bugs, which were disgusting and dangerous. When in contact with the “insects”, 76% of the interviewees admitted that they killed them, and the greatest reason given for this was the psychological damage caused by the presence of these animals (65%. To 78% of those interviewed, the “insects” were beings without positive importance. Due to the scarce knowledge about their positive aspects, the perception of the “insects” by the students and teachers living in the Santa Cruz do Xingu region is mainly related to their belief in the negative qualities of these animals, causing aggressive reactions against them as soon as they are perceived in the environment.

  11. Evaluation of the application of the triple bottom line. case study: caldeirão de SANTA CRUZ community (CEARÁ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur Gomes de Oliveira

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Triple Bottom Line, composed by the Environmental, Social and Economic dimensions, has been widely accepted since its implementation will involve the maintenance or development of factors that lead to sustainability. When defining this concept, Elkington (2012 quoted the director of the Environmental Management Program at the University of Michigan, Stuart Hart, who said that large corporations would be the only organizations that could achieve sustainability. The aim of this work is to verify if sustainability, at a given site, can be achieved without the aid of large organizations. Specifically, the objective is to check the status of the Caldeirão de Santa Cruz Community, located in the state of Ceará / Brazil, in the period between 1926 and 1937. For this evaluation, it was used the Triple Bottom Line model proposed by Elkington (2012. The results indicated that the concept known as Triple Bottom Line was implied in the Caldeirão de Santa Cruz community’s way of living and that was achieved through the work carried out in the community, without the help of any organization. The results also showed that the behavior and the way of living and working of the community bothered some sectors of society.  Keywords: Sustainability; Triple Bottom Line; Caldeirão de Santa Cruz; Ceará.

  12. Paleoparasitologia en coprolitos del Parque Nacional Perito Moreno, provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fugassa, Martín H.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del trabajo fue conocer algunas de las parasitosis que existían en América precolombina y discutir diversos aspectos ecológico-culturales. El coprolito examinado provino del sitio Cerro Casa de Piedra 5 (CCP5, Parque Nacional Perito Moreno, Santa Cruz, Argentina. Las muestras fueron rehidratadas con fosfato trisódico acuoso y procesadas por sedimentación espontánea. Existieron dificultades para la determinación del origen zoológico del coprolito-cánido o humano-y el análisis de los restos macroscópicos y pelos presentes resultó decisivo. Los resultados evidenciaron un caso de poliparasitismo entre los que se hallaron huevos correspondientes al género Trichuris y a especies del género Capillaria. Otros hallazgos corresponden a huevos atribuibles a ascarididos, eucestodes y ooquistes de coccidios. Se hallaron huevos que no pudieron determinarse si correspondían a ácaros o pentastómidos. La muestra analizada ha aportado información inédita sobre el parasitismo en Patagonia Austral precolombina. Se discute su significado bioantropológico. Los resultados presentados permiten demostrar el valor de la recuperación de coprolitos y sedimentos arqueológicos.

  13. Una fabula de amor: Nazareno Cruz y el lobo (Las palomas y los gritos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paladino, Diana

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available El exceso como estilo. En un conocido ensayo sobre Casablanca, Umberto Eco dice: «Cuando la elección de lo aceptado es limitada, se obtiene un film amanerado, de serie, o incluso kitsch. Pero cuando de lo aceptado se utiliza verdaderamente todo, lo que se logra es una arquitectura como la Sagrada Familia de Gaudí. Se logra el vértigo, se roza la genialidad» Esto es, en cierto modo, lo que ocurre con Nazareno Cruz y el lobo. Un film desbordante, apasionado, pleno. Una historia que avanza a borbotones, una puesta en escena estridente, un relato construido por momentos (en algunos casos, gloriosos; en otros, no tanto. Nazareno es una suerte de pastiche que conjura símbolos y mitos, folclore y religión, el bien y el mal. Es todo lo contrario de lo que se podría entender como una obra acabada, homogénea, perfecta.

  14. La pluma y el pincel de sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Matas Caballero

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available La representación iconográfica ha gozado históricamente de una gran tradición en el decurso de la historia de la literatura, pero posiblemente haya sido en el siglo XVII cuando esa tradición llegara a su momento culminante. Muchos fueron los pintores de la época que cultivaron la "poesía muda" y apenas faltaron poetas que no ofrecieran su "elocuente pintura". Entre tantos, la poeta mexicana Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz rindió un excelente tributo a la revitalizada moda del retrato literario, pues en su corpus poético sobresalen no pocas composiciones iconográficas que la convirtieron en un obligado punto de referencia en el tratamiento y estudio de este género poético. La escritora fue uno de los más ilustres testimonios de los muchos creadores que en el siglo XVII concretaron poéticamente la tan anhelada aspiración de la interrelación artística entre poesía y pintura. El descontextualizado troquel horaciano del ut pictura poesis hal1ó una feliz expresión literaria en los numerosos y excelentes retratos de la poeta mexicana.

  15. Geochemistry of soils from the San Rafael Valley, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Folger, Helen W.; Gray, Floyd

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to determine whether surficial geochemical methods can be used to identify subsurface mineraldeposits covered by alluvium derived from surrounding areas. The geochemical investigation focused on an anomalous geo-physical magnetic high located in the San Rafael Valley in Santa Cruz County, Arizona. The magnetic high, inferred to be asso-ciated with a buried granite intrusion, occurs beneath Quaternary alluvial and terrace deposits. Soil samples were collected at a depth of 10 to 30 centimeters below land surface along transects that traverse the inferred granite. The samples were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry and by the partial-leach Mobile Metal Ion™ method. Principal component and factor analyses showed a strong correlation between the soils and source rocks hosting base-metal replacement deposits in the Harshaw and Patagonia Mining Districts. Factor analysis also indicated areas of high metal concentrations associated with the Meadow Valley Flat. Although no definitive geochemical signature was identified for the inferred granite, concentrations otungsten and iron in the surrounding area were slightly elevated.

  16. Viral aetiology influenza like illnesses in Santa Cruz, Bolivia (2010-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delangue, Julie; Roca Sanchez, Yelin; Piorkowski, Géraldine; Bessaud, Maël; Baronti, Cécile; Thirion-Perrier, Laurence; Mafayle, Roxana Loayza; Ardaya, Cinthia Avila; Aguilera, Gabriela Añez; Guzman, Jimmy Revollo; Riera, Javier Lora; de Lamballerie, Xavier

    2014-02-24

    Acute respiratory infections represent a serious public health issue worldwide but virological aetiologies of Influenza Like Illnesses (ILIs) remain largely unknown in developing countries. This study represents the first attempt to characterise viral aetiologies of ILIs in Bolivia. It was performed in Santa Cruz city from January 2010 to September 2012, based on 564 naso-pharyngeal swabs collected in a National Reference Laboratory and real-time PCR techniques, viral cultures and phylogenetic analyses. 50.2% of samples were positive for at least one virus with influenza viruses (Flu A: ~15%; Flu B: ~9%), rhinoviruses (~8%), coronaviruses (~5%) and hRSV (~4%) being the most frequently identified. The pattern of viral infections varied according to age groups. The elucidation rate was the highest (>60%) amongst patients under 10 yo and the lowest (Bolivia in the study period, originating from Central and North America, Europe, Asia and Australia. Our results emphasise the requirement for a reinforced epidemiological and genetic follow-up of influenza and other ILIs in Bolivia to further inform the preparation of vaccines used in the region, guide vaccination campaigns and improve the medical management of patients.

  17. Disease: H01070 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available M, Gomes TT Laboratory evaluation on pathogenic potentialities of Vibrio furnissii. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 88:593-7 (1993) ... ...15-23 (2007) PMID:8139467 (description) Magalhaes V, Castello Filho A, Magalhaes

  18. Misperceiving Bullshit as Profound Is Associated with Favorable Views of Cruz, Rubio, Trump and Conservatism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfattheicher, Stefan; Schindler, Simon

    2016-01-01

    The present research investigates the associations between holding favorable views of potential Democratic or Republican candidates for the US presidency 2016 and seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. In this contribution, bullshit is used as a technical term which is defined as communicative expression that lacks content, logic, or truth from the perspective of natural science. We used the Bullshit Receptivity scale (BSR) to measure seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. The BSR scale contains statements that have a correct syntactic structure and seem to be sound and meaningful on first reading but are actually vacuous. Participants (N = 196; obtained via Amazon Mechanical Turk) rated the profoundness of bullshit statements (using the BSR) and provided favorability ratings of three Democratic (Hillary Clinton, Martin O'Malley, and Bernie Sanders) and three Republican candidates for US president (Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio, and Donald Trump). Participants also completed a measure of political liberalism/conservatism. Results revealed that favorable views of all three Republican candidates were positively related to judging bullshit statements as profound. The smallest correlation was found for Donald Trump. Although we observe a positive association between bullshit and support for the three Democrat candidates, this relationship is both substantively small and statistically insignificant. The general measure of political liberalism/conservatism was also related to judging bullshit statements as profound in that individuals who were more politically conservative had a higher tendency to see profoundness in bullshit statements. Of note, these results were not due to a general tendency among conservatives to see profoundness in everything: Favorable views of Republican candidates and conservatism were not significantly related to profoundness ratings of mundane statements. In contrast, this was the case for Hillary Clinton and Martin O'Malley. Overall, small

  19. Misperceiving Bullshit as Profound Is Associated with Favorable Views of Cruz, Rubio, Trump and Conservatism.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Pfattheicher

    Full Text Available The present research investigates the associations between holding favorable views of potential Democratic or Republican candidates for the US presidency 2016 and seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. In this contribution, bullshit is used as a technical term which is defined as communicative expression that lacks content, logic, or truth from the perspective of natural science. We used the Bullshit Receptivity scale (BSR to measure seeing profoundness in bullshit statements. The BSR scale contains statements that have a correct syntactic structure and seem to be sound and meaningful on first reading but are actually vacuous. Participants (N = 196; obtained via Amazon Mechanical Turk rated the profoundness of bullshit statements (using the BSR and provided favorability ratings of three Democratic (Hillary Clinton, Martin O'Malley, and Bernie Sanders and three Republican candidates for US president (Ted Cruz, Marco Rubio, and Donald Trump. Participants also completed a measure of political liberalism/conservatism. Results revealed that favorable views of all three Republican candidates were positively related to judging bullshit statements as profound. The smallest correlation was found for Donald Trump. Although we observe a positive association between bullshit and support for the three Democrat candidates, this relationship is both substantively small and statistically insignificant. The general measure of political liberalism/conservatism was also related to judging bullshit statements as profound in that individuals who were more politically conservative had a higher tendency to see profoundness in bullshit statements. Of note, these results were not due to a general tendency among conservatives to see profoundness in everything: Favorable views of Republican candidates and conservatism were not significantly related to profoundness ratings of mundane statements. In contrast, this was the case for Hillary Clinton and Martin O

  20. Nine endangered taxa, one recovering ecosystem: Identifying common ground for recovery on Santa Cruz Island, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEachern, A. Kathryn; Wilken, Dieter H.

    2011-01-01

    It is not uncommon to have several rare and listed taxa occupying habitats in one landscape or management area where conservation amounts to defense against the possibility of further loss. It is uncommon and extremely exciting, however, to have several listed taxa occupying one island that is managed cooperatively for conservation and recovery. On Santa Cruz Island, the largest of the northern California island group in the Santa Barbara Channel, we have a golden opportunity to marry ecological knowledge and institutional "good will" in a field test of holistic rare plant conservation. Here, the last feral livestock have been removed, active weed control is underway, and management is focused on understanding and demonstrating system response to conservation management. Yet funding limitations still exist and we need to plan the most fiscally conservative and marketable approach to rare plant restoration. We still experience the tension between desirable quick results and the ecological pace of system recovery. Therefore, our research has focused on identifying fundamental constraints on species recovery at individual, demographic, habitat, and ecosystem levels, and then developing suites of actions that might be taken across taxa and landscapes. At the same time, we seek a performance middle ground that balances an institutional need for quick demonstration of hands-on positive results with a contrasting approach that allows ecosystem recovery to facilitate species recovery in the long term. We find that constraints vary across breeding systems, life-histories, and island locations. We take a hybrid approach in which we identify several actions that we can take now to enhance population size or habitat occupancy for some taxa by active restoration, while allowing others to recover at the pace of ecosystem change. We make our recommendations on the basis of data we have collected over the last decade, so that management is firmly grounded in ecological observation.

  1. Evolution of Dengue Disease and Entomological Monitoring in Santa Cruz, Bolivia 2002 – 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brémond, Philippe; Roca, Yelin; Brenière, Simone Frédérique; Walter, Annie; Barja-Simon, Zaira; Fernández, Roberto Torres; Vargas, Jorge

    2015-01-01

    Background In the context of a rapid increase of dengue cases in the Americas, a monitoring system based on systematic serological control (IgM) of patients consulting for suspected dengue was developed in Bolivia at the end of the 1990s. In the most affected city of Santa Cruz, this system was complemented by an entomological surveillance program based on periodical search for immature stages of Aedes aegypti in dwelling water-holding containers. Here, we analyze these data and describe dengue patterns over 6 years (2002–2008), highlighting the spatial distribution of patients and vectors. Methodology /Principal Findings Data mining concerned six annual epidemic cycles (2002–2008), with continuous serological and clinical results and entomological data from 16 surveys, examined at the scales of 36 urban areas and four concentric areas covering the entire city. Annual incidence varied from 0.28‰ to 0.95‰; overall incidence was higher in women and adults, and dengue dynamics followed successive periods of high (January–June) and low (July–December) transmission. Lower numbers of cases from the city center to the periphery were observed, poorly related to the more homogeneous and permanent distribution of A. aegypti. "Plant pots" were a major vector source in the city center, and "Tires" and "Odds and ends" beyond the second ring of the city. Conclusions/Significance Over the years, the increasing trend of dengue cases has been highlighted as well as its widespread distribution over the entire city, but an underestimation of the number of cases is strongly suspected. Contrary to popular belief, the city center appears more affected than the periphery, and dengue is not particularly related to waste. Interestingly, the clinical diagnosis of dengue by physicians improved over the years, whatever the gender, age and residential area of suspected cases. PMID:25706631

  2. Evolution of dengue disease and entomological monitoring in Santa Cruz, Bolivia 2002 - 2008.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brémond, Philippe; Roca, Yelin; Brenière, Simone Frédérique; Walter, Annie; Barja-Simon, Zaira; Fernández, Roberto Torres; Vargas, Jorge

    2015-01-01

    In the context of a rapid increase of dengue cases in the Americas, a monitoring system based on systematic serological control (IgM) of patients consulting for suspected dengue was developed in Bolivia at the end of the 1990s. In the most affected city of Santa Cruz, this system was complemented by an entomological surveillance program based on periodical search for immature stages of Aedes aegypti in dwelling water-holding containers. Here, we analyze these data and describe dengue patterns over 6 years (2002-2008), highlighting the spatial distribution of patients and vectors. Data mining concerned six annual epidemic cycles (2002-2008), with continuous serological and clinical results and entomological data from 16 surveys, examined at the scales of 36 urban areas and four concentric areas covering the entire city. Annual incidence varied from 0.28‰ to 0.95‰; overall incidence was higher in women and adults, and dengue dynamics followed successive periods of high (January-June) and low (July-December) transmission. Lower numbers of cases from the city center to the periphery were observed, poorly related to the more homogeneous and permanent distribution of A. aegypti. "Plant pots" were a major vector source in the city center, and "Tires" and "Odds and ends" beyond the second ring of the city. Over the years, the increasing trend of dengue cases has been highlighted as well as its widespread distribution over the entire city, but an underestimation of the number of cases is strongly suspected. Contrary to popular belief, the city center appears more affected than the periphery, and dengue is not particularly related to waste. Interestingly, the clinical diagnosis of dengue by physicians improved over the years, whatever the gender, age and residential area of suspected cases.

  3. Sistema de informações hospitalares do sistema único de saúde (SIH-SUS: uma avaliação preliminar do seu desempenho no monitoramento da doença hemolítica perinatal Rh(D The Hospital Information System of the Brazilian National Unified Health System: a preliminary evaluation of performance in monitoring RhD hemolytic disease of the newborn

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Lobato

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Considerando a utilização de bases administrativas na vigilância epidemiológica, propõe-se aqui avaliar a adequação do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH-SUS na identificação dos casos de doença hemolítica perinatal ocorridos no Instituto Fernandes Figueira, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (IFF/FIOCRUZ, entre 1998 e 2003. Foram analisadas informações disponibilizadas pelo Serviço Neonatal, pelo Arquivo Médico e os dados da Autorização de Internação Hospitalar (AIH consolidados no SIH-SUS. A identificação dos casos de doença hemolítica perinatal se deu através dos campos Diagnóstico Primário, Diagnóstico Secundário e Procedimento Realizado. Nesse período, 194 neonatos foram diagnosticados com doença hemolítica perinatal. No Arquivo Médico, 148 casos foram registrados, porém apenas 147 AIHs foram emitidas e 145 consolidadas no SIH-SUS. Entre essas, 84 AIHs arrolavam a doença hemolítica perinatal como Diagnóstico Primário; considerando também o Diagnóstico Secundário, mais 38 casos foram identificados; e nenhum caso adicional foi recuperado pelo Procedimento Realizado. Assim, o SIH-SUS identificou apenas 122 (62,9% dos 194 neonatos com doença hemolítica perinatal assistidos no IFF/FIOCRUZ. Mesmo que ainda requerendo uma reavaliação em outros hospitais, a utilização do SIH-SUS no monitoramento da doença hemolítica perinatal não parece recomendável. Estudos ancilares são necessários quando do emprego de dados secundários nesse contexto.This study aimed to evaluate the adequacy of the Hospital Information System of the National Unified Health System (SIH-SUS in identifying cases of RhD hemolytic disease of the newborn (HDN at the Fernandes Figueira Institute (IFF/FIOCRUZ from 1998 to 2003. Neonatal records, data from the Medical Archives, and AIH (Hospital Admissions Authorization Form data consolidated in the SIH-SUS were analyzed. Cases were identified according to the

  4. Letter to the editor: naltrexone sustained-release/bupropion sustained-release for the management of obesity: review of the data to date

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buehler AM

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Anna M Buehler Hospital Alemao Oswaldo Cruz, Institute of Health Education and Sciences, Sao Paulo, BrazilI read with great interest the systematic review by Caixàs et al1 on the effect of naltrexone sustained-release/bupropion sustained-release (NB for the management of obesity. By comprehensively appraising five recent clinical trials, the authors concluded that the naltrexone/bupropion combination might represent an important new therapeutic option for the management of obesity, with a weight reduction effect that is similar to other drugs approved for the treatment of obesity.View original paper by Caixàs and colleagues.

  5. Pseudolynchia canariensis (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) em Buteogallus aequinoctialis (Ciconiiformes: Accipitridae) no estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Gredilha,Rodrigo; Balthazar,Daniel de A.; Spadetti,Alex L.; Fedullo,Luiz Paulo L.; Mello,Rubens P.

    2008-01-01

    Registro de Pseudolynchia canariensis em dois gaviões caranguejeiros de vida livre atendidos no Hospital Veterinário da Fundação RioZoo. Os dezenoves exemplares coletados foram identificados no Laboratório de Diptera da Fundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. O encontro de P. canariensis fora do hospedeiro natural (Columba livia), representa uma contribuição aos estudos da família Hippoboscidae, visto que não há registros sobre aves nativas do continente americano parasitadas por P. canariensis....

  6. Extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis: epidemiology and management

    OpenAIRE

    Matteelli A; Roggi A; Carvalho ACC

    2014-01-01

    Alberto Matteelli,1 Alberto Roggi,1 Anna CC Carvalho21Institute of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, WHO Collaborating Centre for TB/HIV Co-Infection, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy; 2Laboratory of Innovations in Therapies, Education and Bioproducts (LITEB), Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC), Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, BrazilAbstract: The advent of antibiotics for the treatment of tuberculosis (TB) represented a major breakthrough in the fight against the disease. Ho...

  7. Los avatares de la paz. Por los senderos de la vida de Juan de la Cruz Varela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Varela Mora

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se basa en las confrontaciones originadas por el conflicto de intereses políticos, sociales y económicos entre los campesinos y terratenientes de la región conocida como Sumapaz y Oriente del Tolima, en el centro colombiano. En particular, el artículo recoge la experiencia de vida de Juan de la Cruz Varela, desde 1928 hasta su fallecimiento en 1984, enfatizando en su papel como dirigente agrario, las ideas políticas que moldearon su pensamiento, su gestión en los cuerpos colegiados y las dificultades que debió sortear.

  8. Capacitación como componente de desarrollo productivo en las microempresas: El caso de la FEDEMYPE Santa Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Saravia, Carlos Germán Calle

    2015-01-01

    Las MYPES son una parte importante de la economía nacional, los microempresarios identifican a la falta de capacitación como un factor determinante para mejorar su productividad; sin embargo, cuando se les pregunta qué tipo de capacitación necesitan, no existe consenso sobre sus necesidades. El presente estudio de caso busca mostrar la situación actual de las MYPES con respecto a sus necesidades de capacitación a través de un trabajo con la FEDEMYPE Santa Cruz. Entre las principales razones d...

  9. Crossing Borders, Crossing Worlds: An Oral History with UC Santa Cruz Professor Olga Nájera-Ramírez

    OpenAIRE

    Reti, Irene H.; Zepeda, Susy; Nájera-Ramírez , Olga

    2014-01-01

    Olga Nájera-Ramírez was born in 1955 and raised in the small town of Davenport, California. She is the fourth of six children. In the early 1950s, her parents came to the United States from the state of Durango, Mexico, part of a migration of Mexican-Americans to the North Coast of Santa Cruz County. Her father worked in the fields and at the Davenport Cement Plant. When Nájera-Ramírez was eight, her father died and her family labored in the fields along with finding other jobs to support the...

  10. Etapas de crecimiento urbano de El Calafate, provincia de Santa Cruz, Patagonia Austral Andina Argentina : (1927-2010)

    OpenAIRE

    Ampuero, Cristian; Norambuena, Mónica; Cáceres, Alicia P.

    2016-01-01

    El Calafate localizada al Sudoeste de la Provincia de Santa Cruz, desde su fundación, 1927, hasta 1980 la actividad económica predominante fue la de servicios de la explotación ganadera. Desde 1980, es reemplazada por la turística, actividad que atrajo y atrae desplazamientos migratorios con distintos ritmos, que han incidido en el crecimiento demográfico y urbano. De este modo, el objetivo del trabajo es estudiar el crecimiento urbano de El Calafate desde 1927 hasta 2010...

  11. Sociedades agrícolas en resistencia. Los pueblos de San Miguel, Santa Cruz y San Pedro, 1878-1883

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Porfirio Neri Guarneros

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Agricultural societies in the state of Mexico involved a form of legal resistance used by indigenous communities in the face of liberal individualization policies of communal property, particularly the federal seizure law of June 25, 1956. In this context, some residents of the towns of Santa Cruz and San Miguel created an agricultural association, as did residents from the town of San Pedro, to retain the collective use of their communal goods and acquire some legal capacity. This condition thus allowed indigenous peoples to present writs of amparo to defend "private" rights.

  12. Fecal Coliform and E. coli Concentrations in Effluent-Dominated Streams of the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emily C. Sanders

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study assesses the water quality of the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed in southern Arizona in terms of fecal coliform and Escherichia coli (E. coli bacteria concentrations discharged as treated effluent and from nonpoint sources into the Santa Cruz River and surrounding tributaries. The objectives were to (1 assess the water quality in the Upper Santa Cruz Watershed in terms of fecal coliform and E. coli by comparing the available data to the water quality criteria established by Arizona, (2 to provide insights into fecal indicator bacteria (FIB response to the hydrology of the watershed and (3 to identify if point sources or nonpoint sources are the major contributors of FIB in the stream. Assessment of the available wastewater treatment plant treated effluent data and in-stream sampling data indicate that water quality criteria for E. coli and fecal coliform in recreational waters are exceeded at all locations of the Santa Cruz River. For the wastewater discharge, 13%–15% of sample concentrations exceeded the 800 colony forming units (cfu per 100 mL sample maximum for fecal coliform and 29% of samples exceeded the full body contact standard of 235 cfu/100 mL established for E. coli; while for the in-stream grab samples, 16%–34% of sample concentrations exceeded the 800 cfu/100 mL sample maximum for fecal coliforms and 34%–75% of samples exceeded the full body contact standard of 235 cfu/100 mL established for E. coli. Elevated fecal coliform and E. coli concentrations were positively correlated with periods of increased streamflow from rainfall. FIB concentrations observed in-stream are significantly greater (p-value < 0.0002 than wastewater treatment plants effluent concentrations; therefore, water quality managers should focus on nonpoint sources to reduce overall fecal indicator loads. Findings indicate that fecal coliform and E. coli concentrations are highly variable, especially along urban streams and generally increase with

  13. Modos de utilización de las TICs por las organizaciones que operan en la Chiquitania (Santa Cruz, Bolivia)

    OpenAIRE

    Prado, Roberto; Gabriel René Moreno

    2008-01-01

    Este trabajo tiene por objetivo analizar la utilización de las TICs (Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación) por las organizaciones que operan en el espacio de la Mancomunidad de municipios de la Gran Chiquitania (Santa Cruz, Bolivia). Se partirá, entonces, de la siguiente hipótesis: el uso de las TICs por parte de estas organizaciones, por causas económicas y estratégicas, está más orientado hacia la toma de contacto con otras organizaciones y determinados segmentos de la población,...

  14. Hospitals; hospitals13

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Hospital Facilities information was compiled from several various sources. Main source was the RI Department of Health Facilities Regulation database, License 2000....

  15. Comunicación científica e innovación tecnológica en la primera Cruz Roja, 1863-1876

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos García-Reyes

    Full Text Available Resumen Los primeros años del movimiento internacional de Cruz Roja coincidieron con grandes cambios tecnológicos en la medicina de guerra. Las peculiaridades organizativas de la Asociación Internacional de Socorro a los Soldados Heridos en Campaña, impulsada por el Comité de Ginebra y los comités nacionales de Cruz Roja; la confluencia en diversos congresos profesionales y publicaciones de médicos de las diferentes sociedades nacionales de esta asociación; y la construcción de un conocimiento práctico compartido, puesto a prueba en la Guerra Franco-Prusiana (1870-1871, proporcionan claves para comprender las innovaciones tecnológicas introducidas por la Cruz Roja Española durante la tercera y última Guerra Carlista (1872-1876.

  16. Animal-based remedies as complementary medicines in Santa Cruz do Capibaribe, Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alves, Rômulo RN; Lima, Helenice N; Tavares, Marília C; Souto, Wedson MS; Barboza, Raynner RD; Vasconcellos, Alexandre

    2008-01-01

    Background The use of animal products in healing is an ancient and widespread cross-cultural practice. In northeastern Brazil, especially in the semi-arid region, animals and plants are widely used in traditional medicine and play significant roles in healing practices. Zootherapies form an integral part of these cultures, and information about animals is passed from generation to generation through oral folklore. Nevertheless, studies on medicinal animals are still scarce in northeastern Brazil, especially when compared to those focusing on medicinal plants. This paper examines the use and commercialization of animals for medicinal purposes in Brazil's semi-arid caatinga region. Methods Data was obtained through field surveys conducted in the public markets in the city of Santa Cruz do Capibaribe, Pernambuco State, Brazil. We interviewed 16 merchants (9 men and 7 women) who provided information regarding folk remedies based on animal products. Results A total of 37 animal species (29 families), distributed among 7 taxonomic categories were found to be used to treat 51 different ailments. The most frequently cited treatments focused on the respiratory system, and were mainly related to problems with asthma. Zootherapeutic products are prescribed as single drugs or are mixed with other ingredients. Mixtures may include several to many more valuable medicinal animals added to other larger doses of more common medicinal animals and plants. The uses of certain medicinal animals are associated with popular local beliefs known as 'simpatias'. We identified 2 medicinal species (Struthio camelus and Nasutitermes macrocephalus) not previously documented for Brazil. The use of animals as remedies in the area surveyed is associated with socio economic and cultural factors. Some of the medicinal animal species encountered in this study are included in lists of endangered species. Conclusion Our results demonstrate that a large variety of animals are used in traditional

  17. Trends in landscape and vegetation change and implications for the Santa Cruz Watershed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarreal, Miguel; Norman, Laura M.; Webb, Robert H.; Turner, Raymond M.

    2013-01-01

    Monitoring and characterizing the interactive effects of land use and climate on land surface processes is a primary focus of land change science, and of particular concern in arid Wells Distribution in Shallow Groundwater Areas Pumping Trends Increase Streamflow Extent Declines 27 environments where both landscapes and livelihoods can be impacted by short-term climate variability. Using a multi-observational approach to land-change analysis that included landownership data as a proxy for land-use practices, multitemporal land-cover maps, and repeat photography dating to the late 19th century, we examine changing spatial and temporal distributions of two vegetation types with high conservation value in the southwestern United States: grasslands and riparian vegetation. Our study area is the bi-national Santa Cruz Watershed, a topographically complex watershed that straddles the Sonoran Desert and the Madrean Archipelago Ecoregions. In this presentation we focus on historical changes in vegetation and land use in grasslands and riparian areas of the Madrean Ecoregion (San Raphael Valley, Cienega Creek, Sonoita), and compare changes in these areas to changes in the warmer and drier Sonoran Ecoregion. Analysis of historical photography confirms major 20th century vegetation shifts documented in other research: woody plant encroachment, desertification of grasslands, and changing riparian and xeroriparian vegetation occurred in both ecoregions following human settlement. However, vegetation changes over the past decade appear to be more subtle and some of the past trajectories appear to be reversing; most notable are recent mesquite declines in xeroriparian and upland areas, and changes from shrubland to grassland area in the Madrean ecoregion. Land cover changes were temporally variable, reflecting broad climate changes. The most dynamic cover changes occurred during the period from 1989 to 1999, a period with two intense droughts. The degree of vegetation change

  18. Estrategias de afrontamiento: un programa de entrenamiento para paramédicos de la Cruz Roja

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María José Pérez Molina

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación se basa en el diagnóstico sobre las estrategias de afrontamiento utilizadas por un grupo de once técnicos en emergencias médicas (TEM de la Cruz Roja Costarricense. Se hizo un análisis integrativo por medio de la triangulación de datos obtenidos en entrevistas y observaciones realizadas durante y posterior a las emergencias tomando como categorías de estudio las situaciones de emergencia y las estrategias de afrontamiento. Los datos se codificaron y categorizaron mediante el programa de análisis cualitativo Atlas.ti 5.0. Desde el enfoque teórico de la crisis, los hallazgos del diagnóstico mostraron afectadas todas las áreas conductuales, afectivas, somáticas, interpersonales y cognoscitivas, así como el área espiritual. Los factores desencadenantes del estrés en los TEM remitieron más a aspectos contextuales que rodearon a las situaciones atendidas, que a las mismas situaciones de emergencia. Las estrategias de afrontamiento, a pesar de ser funcionales, no resultaron ser las más saludables. Con base en los resultados, se elaboró y aplicó un programa de intervención psicológico para la promoción y puesta en práctica de nuevas estrategias de afrontamiento y una adecuada translaboración de pensamientos, emociones y conductas. La investigación muestra la necesidad de potenciar la salud de manera integral de la población a través de las áreas de autocuidado, habilidades sociales, expresión de sentimientos y manejo del estrés, además hace necesario superar, a nivel institucional, la falta de comunicación y conocimiento entre los TEM y la Unidad de Soporte Psicológico.

  19. “Una flor al tiempo dedicada”: la voz de Celia en la poética de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Leonardo Sancho Dobles

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo analiza la actitud dialógica que la comedia Los empeños de una casa de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz establece con los propios poemas de la escritora. Como referencia particular se hace énfasis en la voz de la criada Celia en la comedia y en los sonetos dedicados al motivo de la rosa para, finalmente, establecer algunas ideas con respecto a la poética de la poeta novohispana. This work analyzes the way in which the comedy House of Desires by Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz establishe...

  20. A comparative analysis of infiltration rates below a pasture and a secondary forest on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Ozouville, N.; Pryet, A.; Tournebize, J.; Chaumont, C.; Gonzáles, A.; Dominguez, C.; Fuente-Tomai, P.; Fernandez, J.; Violette, S.

    2011-12-01

    The potential effects of land use changes on groundwater recharge are being investigated on the windward side of Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos. Comparative studies allow the identification of the processes (evaporation, transpiration, soil water storage) at the vegetation/soil interface leading to contrasting recharge rates under different land covers. During one year, we monitored soil water dynamics under two adjacent study plots differing only by their vegetation cover: a pasture and a secondary forest. Climatic variables were monitored above the pasture and completed by throughfall monitoring under the forest. Tensiometers provide a direct measurement of the driving force of water dynamics in the soil: the hydraulic head gradient. In the two plots, tensiometers were set up in vertical profiles together with soil water content probes and connected to an automatic acquisition device. The forest stand has a higher canopy storage capacity and aerodynamic resistance, which causes evaporation losses to be higher. This is confirmed by throughfall measurements: only ca. 80% of gross precipitation reaches the ground. Expectedly, soil water tension profiles present clearly different behaviors in the pasture and in the forest. Despite high uncertainties on estimated recharge rates, we show that parallel monitoring of soil hydrodynamics in these two study plots provides valuable insights and may help to manage or anticipate the potential effect of deforestation or invasion by introduced plants on the hydrology of Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos.

  1. Factores influyentes en la primiparidad precoz en Santa Cruz del Norte durante 10 años

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Hernández Núñez

    Full Text Available Introducción: el embarazo en la adolescencia es una de las preocupaciones médicas más importantes derivadas de la conducta sexual de las jóvenes. Objetivo: identificar los factores de riesgo que influyen en el embarazo en la adolescencia en el municipio Santa Cruz del Norte. Métodos: se realizó un estudio de casos y controles sobre los factores predisponentes del embarazo en adolescentes de Santa Cruz del Norte, del año 2002 al 2011. El universo fue de 336 pacientes, escogiéndose una muestra de 252 al azar que conformó el grupo estudio, se dispuso de un grupo control de 252 pacientes primíparas no adolescentes. Los datos se recolectaron mediante encuesta y para el análisis estadístico se empleó la media, desviación estándar, porcentaje, Chi Cuadrado y Odds Ratio. Resultados: las adolescentes fueron mayormente amas de casa, la edad de inicio de las relaciones sexuales fue más precoz en el grupo estudio; la mayoría de las adolescentes no utilizaban métodos anticonceptivos; la crianza de éstas no fue realizada por ambos padres y se desarrollaron en un medio familiar disfuncional mayoritariamente. Conclusiones: existen múltiples factores de riesgo para el embarazo en adolescentes susceptibles de ser modificados desde la atención primaria de salud.

  2. Modos de utilización de las TICs por las organizaciones que operan en la Chiquitania (Santa Cruz, Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Prado

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo tiene por objetivo analizar la utilización de las TICs (Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación por las organizaciones que operan en el espacio de la Mancomunidad de municipios de la Gran Chiquitania (Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Se partirá, entonces, de la siguiente hipótesis: el uso de las TICs por parte de estas organizaciones, por causas económicas y estratégicas, está más orientado hacia la toma de contacto con otras organizaciones y determinados segmentos de la población, que a facilitar las comunicaciones del ciudadano común que habita en la Mancomunidad. Palabras clave: TICs; Bolivia; gobierno local. ABSTRACT The aim of this essay is to analyze the application of TIC (Information and Communication Technologies by organizations operating in the Municipalities of the Gran Chiquitania (Santa Cruz, Bolivia. Its underlying hypothesis is that the application of TIC by these organizations, because of economic and strategic causes, is more oriented toward entering into contact with other organizations and certain population segments, than to facilitate the communications of common citizens belonging to the participating municipalities. Keywords: NIT; Bolivia; local governments.

  3. HCAHPS - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospital ratings for the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital...

  4. Hospital Compare

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Compare has information about the quality of care at over 4,000 Medicare-certified hospitals across the country. You can use Hospital Compare to find...

  5. The Solomon Islands Tsunami of 6 February 2013 in the Santa Cruz Islands: Field Survey and Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Hermann M.; Papantoniou, Antonios; Biukoto, Litea; Albert, Gilly; Wei, Yong

    2014-05-01

    On February 6, 2013 at 01:12:27 UTC (local time: UTC+11), a magnitude Mw 8.0 earthquake occurred 70 km to the west of Ndendo Island (Santa Cruz Island) in the Solomon Islands. The under-thrusting earthquake near a 90° bend, where the Australian plate subducts beneath the Pacific plate generated a locally focused tsunami in the Coral Sea and the South Pacific Ocean. The tsunami claimed the lives of 10 people and injured 15, destroyed 588 houses and partially damaged 478 houses, affecting 4,509 people in 1,066 households corresponding to an estimated 37% of the population of Santa Cruz Island. A multi-disciplinary international tsunami survey team (ITST) was deployed within days of the event to document flow depths, runup heights, inundation distances, sediment and coral boulder depositions, land level changes, damage patterns at various scales, performance of the man-made infrastructure and impact on the natural environment. The 19 to 23 February 2013 ITST covered 30 locations on 4 Islands: Ndendo (Santa Cruz), Tomotu Noi (Lord Howe), Nea Tomotu (Trevanion, Malo) and Tinakula. The reconnaissance completely circling Ndendo and Tinakula logged 240 km by small boat and additionally covered 20 km of Ndendo's hard hit western coastline by vehicle. The collected survey data includes more than 80 tsunami runup and flow depth measurements. The tsunami impact peaked at Manoputi on Ndendo's densely populated west coast with maximum tsunami height exceeding 11 m and local flow depths above ground exceeding 7 m. A fast tide-like positive amplitude of 1 m was recorded at Lata wharf inside Graciosa Bay on Ndendo Island and misleadingly reported in the media as representative tsunami height. The stark contrast between the field observations on exposed coastlines and the Lata tide gauge recording highlights the importance of rapid tsunami reconnaissance surveys. Inundation distance and damage more than 500 m inland were recorded at Lata airport on Ndendo Island. Landslides were

  6. Interrogación y argumentación en la Carta Atenagórica de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Márlom Fermín Pérez Villegas, Moisés Damián Perales Escudero, Eyder Gabriel Sima Lozano, Amparo Reyes Velázquez

    2017-01-01

    ... retórico que Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz usó para responder a sus oponentes, además de su derecho como persona, mujer y religiosa para hablar y sostener su tesis, es decir, de ser un interlocutor del discurso de la época...

  7. Ühe minuti loengute abil jõuavad väärt teadmised kiiresti ja mugavalt huvilisteni / Airi Ilisson-Cruz ; intervjueerinud Ada Maltseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ilisson-Cruz, Airi, 1980-

    2014-01-01

    Tallinna Ülikooli loengute sarjast, mille idee autor ja konsultant on Balti Filmi- ja Meediakooli õppejõud Indrek Treufeldt, kaasa löövad Tallinna Ülikooli turundus- ja kommunikatsiooniosakond, produtsent Airi Ilisson-Cruz ja e-õppekeskus, operaatorid-monteerijad Kristjan Madalvee ja Tarmo Lehari. Intervjuu loengusarja produtsendi Airi Ilisson-Cruziga

  8. Priority given to low energy and operating costs at la Cruz Azul Aguascalientes cement plant; Priorite aux faibles couts d`exploitation et d`energie pour la cimenterie la Cruz Azul d`Aguascalientes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Luna, C.A. [La Cruz Azul (Mexico)

    1998-06-01

    The Mexican cement producer LA CRUZ AZUL decided for their third works located in Aguascalientes to design in co-operation with Krupp Polysius a 3,300 tpd production plant with minimum operating costs. This plant will have an energy consumption of less than 90 kWh per ton of cement and a heat consumption of approx. 700 kCal per kg of clinker, because an increase of energy costs is expected in the long term in Mexico. Main basic technical decisions concern material transport by mechanical conveyors, reuse of all hot gases generated for drying and very high automation level. Full-scale production is scheduled for mid-year 1999. (author)

  9. Field Surveys of Rare Plants on Santa Cruz Island, California, 2003-2006: Historical Records and Current Distributions

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEachern, A. Kathryn; Chess, Katherine A.; Niessen, Ken

    2010-01-01

    Santa Cruz Island is the largest of the northern Channel Islands located off the coast of California. It is owned and managed as a conservation reserve by The Nature Conservancy and the Channel Islands National Park. The island is home to nine plant taxa listed in 1997 as threatened or endangered under the federal Endangered Species Act, because of declines related to nearly 150 years of ranching on the island. Feral livestock were removed from the island as a major conservation step, which was part of a program completed in early 2007 with the eradication of pigs and turkeys. For the first time in more than a century, the rare plants of Santa Cruz Island have a chance to recover in the wild. This study provides survey information and living plant materials needed for recovery management of the listed taxa. We developed a database containing information about historical collections of the nine taxa and used it to plan a survey strategy. Our objectives were to relocate as many of the previously known populations as possible, with emphasis on documenting sites not visited in several decades, sites that were poorly documented in the historical record, and sites spanning the range of environmental conditions inhabited by the taxa. From 2003 through 2006, we searched for and found 39 populations of the taxa, indicating that nearly 80 percent of the populations known earlier in the 1900s still existed. Most populations are small and isolated, occupying native-dominated habitat patches in a highly fragmented and invaded landscape; they are still at risk of declining through population losses. Most are not expanding beyond the edges of their habitat patches. However, most taxa appeared to have good seed production and a range of size classes in populations, indicating a good capacity for plant recruitment and population growth in these restricted sites. For these taxa, seed collection and outplanting might be a good strategy to increase numbers of populations for species

  10. The role of reaction affinity and secondary minerals in regulating chemical weathering rates at the Santa Cruz Soil Chronosequence, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maher, K.; Steefel, C. I.; White, A.F.; Stonestrom, D.A.

    2009-02-25

    In order to explore the reasons for the apparent discrepancy between laboratory and field weathering rates and to determine the extent to which weathering rates are controlled by the approach to thermodynamic equilibrium, secondary mineral precipitation and flow rates, a multicomponent reactive transport model (CrunchFlow) was used to interpret soil profile development and mineral precipitation and dissolution rates at the 226 ka marine terrace chronosequence near Santa Cruz, CA. Aqueous compositions, fluid chemistry, transport, and mineral abundances are well characterized (White et al., 2008, GCA) and were used to constrain the reaction rates for the weathering and precipitating minerals in the reactive transport modeling. When primary mineral weathering rates are calculated with either of two experimentally determined rate constants, the nonlinear, parallel rate law formulation of Hellmann and Tisser and [2006] or the aluminum inhibition model proposed by Oelkers et al. [1994], modeling results are consistent with field-scale observations when independently constrained clay precipitation rates are accounted for. Experimental and field rates, therefore, can be reconciled at the Santa Cruz site. Observed maximum clay abundances in the argillic horizons occur at the depth and time where the reaction fronts of the primary minerals overlap. The modeling indicates that the argillic horizon at Santa Cruz can be explained almost entirely by weathering of primary minerals and in situ clay precipitation accompanied by undersaturation of kaolinite at the top of the profile. The rate constant for kaolinite precipitation was also determined based on model simulations of mineral abundances and dissolved Al, SiO{sub 2}(aq) and pH in pore waters. Changes in the rate of kaolinite precipitation or the flow rate do not affect the gradient of the primary mineral weathering profiles, but instead control the rate of propagation of the primary mineral weathering fronts and thus total

  11. Hospitality and hospitableness | Lashley | Research in Hospitality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Not long after the word hospitality emerged as a collective noun to describe the commercial provision of services associated with accommodation, drinking and eating, some academics began to investigate the meanings of hospitality and hospitableness. Whilst most academic programme provision related to developing ...

  12. Spaces of transition: Young people’s social practices in Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Díaz-Rodríguez, Mª Carmen

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Within the context of the growing interest in the study of young people in urban environments, the present article examines their relational spaces in a southern European city: Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain –with a view to identifying the places they frequent and establishing whether or not the most widely-used ones form a spatial network offering them different recreational opportunities. Combining quantitative and qualitative methods, the paper explores the social practices of young people. The information obtained reveals the significance of open public spaces and shopping malls for young people generally, although differences are seen in their practices according to age, gender and social background. The results also suggest that, in the routes they take and their stays in the aforementioned places, young people create a network of meeting spaces that owes more to the construction of their identity than to the existence of complementary formulas for recreation.

  13. “To order the province”. About Néstor Kirchner’s charisma in Santa Cruz (1991-1996

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Sosa

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, we reconstruct one of the main representation strategies and sources of power for Néstor Kichner’s leadership in Santa Cruz, Argentina between 1991 and 1996: his consolidation as a “warrantor of order and stability”. In second stance, we will analyze the social conditions that explain the success of this strategy of representation. Mainly, its affinity with a set of social attributes of the province defined as part of the “culture of suffering” and the ability of the Frente para la Victoria as an organization to embody analog values. We use for the making of this article mostly semi-structured interviews and analysis of journalistic archives. This work is a valuable study on the forms of power construction of the Frente para la Victoria since its origins, in the early 1990, a previous experience to its access of the national government in 2003.

  14. Génesis de suelos en el valle del río de las Vueltas, provincia Santa Cruz, Patagonia

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela C. Villegas; Pereyra, Fernando X.; Jorge. A. Irisarri; José A. Ferrer; Adriana Viaggio

    2004-01-01

    Se han estudiado los factores de formación de los suelos "material originario" y "relieve", en un sector del oeste de la provincia de Santa Cruz (Patagonia Austral). El área de estudio se localiza en el valle del río de las Vueltas, entre la laguna del Desierto y el lago Viedma (49°S y 49°30'S y a los 73°O). Se ha observado una estrecha relación entre la variabilidad de los suelos y los fuertes gradientes bioclimáticos y geomorfológicos de la región. Los suelos fueron estudiados según una tra...

  15. ESTUDO DE MANIFESTAÇÕES PATOLÓGICAS DO TERMINAL RODOVIÁRIO DE CRUZ DAS ALMAS - BA

    OpenAIRE

    Henrique Almeida Santana; Edvaldo Nascimento Conceição; Fernanda Nepomuceno Costa

    2016-01-01

    Patologia para a construção civil é entendido como a parte de engenharia que estuda os sintomas, causas e origens das lesões nas edificações. O Terminal Rodoviário da cidade de Cruz das Almas foi construído na década de oitenta, apresentando constante fluxo de veículos, com alta emissão de gás carbônico. Devido à aparência degradada da edificação, o presente trabalho teve como objetivo estudar as manifestações patológicas e determinar um prognóstico através de visita na edificação e revisão l...

  16. The role of reaction affinity and secondary minerals in regulating chemical weathering rates at the Santa Cruz Soil Chronosequence, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maher, K.; Steefel, Carl; White, A.F.; Stonestrom, D.A.

    2009-01-01

    In order to explore the reasons for the apparent discrepancy between laboratory and field weathering rates and to determine the extent to which weathering rates are controlled by the approach to thermodynamic equilibrium, secondary mineral precipitation, and flow rates, a multicomponent reactive transport model (CrunchFlow) was used to interpret soil profile development and mineral precipitation and dissolution rates at the 226 ka Marine Terrace Chronosequence near Santa Cruz, CA. Aqueous compositions, fluid chemistry, transport, and mineral abundances are well characterized [White A. F., Schulz M. S., Vivit D. V., Blum A., Stonestrom D. A. and Anderson S. P. (2008) Chemical weathering of a Marine Terrace Chronosequence, Santa Cruz, California. I: interpreting the long-term controls on chemical weathering based on spatial and temporal element and mineral distributions. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72 (1), 36-68] and were used to constrain the reaction rates for the weathering and precipitating minerals in the reactive transport modeling. When primary mineral weathering rates are calculated with either of two experimentally determined rate constants, the nonlinear, parallel rate law formulation of Hellmann and Tisserand [Hellmann R. and Tisserand D. (2006) Dissolution kinetics as a function of the Gibbs free energy of reaction: An experimental study based on albite feldspar. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 70 (2), 364-383] or the aluminum inhibition model proposed by Oelkers et al. [Oelkers E. H., Schott J. and Devidal J. L. (1994) The effect of aluminum, pH, and chemical affinity on the rates of aluminosilicate dissolution reactions. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 58 (9), 2011-2024], modeling results are consistent with field-scale observations when independently constrained clay precipitation rates are accounted for. Experimental and field rates, therefore, can be reconciled at the Santa Cruz site. Additionally, observed maximum clay abundances in the argillic horizons occur at

  17. Description of a New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species (Chelonoidis; Testudines: Testudinidae) from Cerro Fatal on Santa Cruz Island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poulakakis, Nikos; Edwards, Danielle L; Chiari, Ylenia; Garrick, Ryan C; Russello, Michael A; Benavides, Edgar; Watkins-Colwell, Gregory J; Glaberman, Scott; Tapia, Washington; Gibbs, James P; Cayot, Linda J; Caccone, Adalgisa

    2015-01-01

    The taxonomy of giant Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis spp.) is currently based primarily on morphological characters and island of origin. Over the last decade, compelling genetic evidence has accumulated for multiple independent evolutionary lineages, spurring the need for taxonomic revision. On the island of Santa Cruz there is currently a single named species, C. porteri. Recent genetic and morphological studies have shown that, within this taxon, there are two evolutionarily and spatially distinct lineages on the western and eastern sectors of the island, known as the Reserva and Cerro Fatal populations, respectively. Analyses of DNA from natural populations and museum specimens, including the type specimen for C. porteri, confirm the genetic distinctiveness of these two lineages and support elevation of the Cerro Fatal tortoises to the rank of species. In this paper, we identify DNA characters that define this new species, and infer evolutionary relationships relative to other species of Galapagos tortoises.

  18. Description of a New Galapagos Giant Tortoise Species (Chelonoidis; Testudines: Testudinidae from Cerro Fatal on Santa Cruz Island.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikos Poulakakis

    Full Text Available The taxonomy of giant Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis spp. is currently based primarily on morphological characters and island of origin. Over the last decade, compelling genetic evidence has accumulated for multiple independent evolutionary lineages, spurring the need for taxonomic revision. On the island of Santa Cruz there is currently a single named species, C. porteri. Recent genetic and morphological studies have shown that, within this taxon, there are two evolutionarily and spatially distinct lineages on the western and eastern sectors of the island, known as the Reserva and Cerro Fatal populations, respectively. Analyses of DNA from natural populations and museum specimens, including the type specimen for C. porteri, confirm the genetic distinctiveness of these two lineages and support elevation of the Cerro Fatal tortoises to the rank of species. In this paper, we identify DNA characters that define this new species, and infer evolutionary relationships relative to other species of Galapagos tortoises.

  19. ANÁLISE SAZONAL DA ENTOMOFAUNA ASSOCIADA À VEGETAÇÃO NO ATERRO DA SOUZA CRUZ, RS, BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Eugenia Cavalcanti Bruchmann

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A facilidade de adaptação dos insetos aos diversos ambientes faz com que sejam encontrados em todos os tipos de habitats, independente de seu nível de sucessão. Sendo assim, o objetivo do estudo foi verificar a sucessão na comunidade de artrópodes em uma área de aterro em Santa Cruz do Sul, correlacionando os dados com a sazonalidade e a vegetação presente no local. A pesquisa foi realizada em uma área de aterro, da empresa Souza Cruz. Para a coleta do material entomológico, foram utilizados 17 pontos amostrais na área. As coletas foram realizadas quinzenalmente de junho de 2013 a junho de 2014, totalizando 24 coletas, seis em cada estação do ano. Em cada ponto foram instaladas quatro armadilhas do tipo pit-fall. Foi amostrado um total de 81.438 indivíduos pertencentes a 24 táxons diferentes. Sendo 19.828 no inverno, 24.845 na primavera, 20.635 no verão e 16.130 no outono. A maior amostragem durante todas as estações foi Formicidae (Hymenoptera, com 50.239 espécimes coletados, o que representa 62% do total. Nos dados obtidos nesse período, foi possível inferir que há certa dominância de poucos táxons, que possuem maior potencial de adaptação a ambientes perturbados antropicamente.

  20. Pseudolynchia canariensis (Diptera: Hippoboscidae em Buteogallus aequinoctialis (Ciconiiformes: Accipitridae no estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Pseudolynchia canariensis (Diptera:Hippoboscidae on Buteogallus aequinoctialis (Ciconiiformes: Accipitridae in the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Gredilha

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Registro de Pseudolynchia canariensis em dois gaviões caranguejeiros de vida livre atendidos no Hospital Veterinário da Fundação RioZoo. Os dezenoves exemplares coletados foram identificados no Laboratório de Diptera da Fundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. O encontro de P. canariensis fora do hospedeiro natural (Columba livia, representa uma contribuição aos estudos da família Hippoboscidae, visto que não há registros sobre aves nativas do continente americano parasitadas por P. canariensis.The record of Pseudolynchia canariensis on two Rufous Crab-Hawk in situ taken care of the Hospital Veterinarian of the RioZoo Foundation. The nineteen collected specimens had been identified in the Laboratory of Diptera, Fundação Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. The findings of P canariensis out natural hosty (Columba livia it represents a contribution to the studies of the family Hippoboscidae considering that it does not have records about native birds of the american continent parasitized by P canariensis.

  1. Floración de las especies de interés apícola en el noroeste de Santa Cruz, Argentina Flowering of species with apicultural importance in the northwest of Santa Cruz, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Forcone

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el propósito de relevar la disponibilidad de fuentes de néctar y polen en el noroeste de Santa Cruz se siguió la fenología de floración de 113 especies del valle de Los Antiguos. Las plantas relevadas pertenecen a 36 familias, de ellas, las más representadas en la oferta de floración fueron Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Brassicaceae y Rosaceae. Del total de especies relevadas, 47 son nativas, 40 naturalizadas y 26 cultivadas. El pico máximo en la oferta de floración se registró a fin de noviembre y principios de diciembre con el mayor número de especies en floración plena. Las plantas introducidas dominaron las floraciones durante la mayor parte del período apícola, con excepción de la segunda quincena de octubre y el mes de noviembre en que predominaron las nativas. Se registraron 32 especies muy visitadas por Apis mellifera L., tres de ellas pertenecen a la flora característica de la estepa: Mulinum spinosum (Cav. Pers., Phacelia secunda J. F. Gmel. y Schinus marchandii F. A. Barkley.With the aim of surveying the availability of sources of nectar and pollen in the northwest of Santa Cruz, the flowering phenology of 113 species from Los Antiguos Valley was recorded. The plants studied belonged to 36 families, from which the most represented in the flowering offer were Asteraceae, Fabaceae, Brassicaceae and Rosaceae. Of the total species surveyed, 47 are native, 40, naturalized and 26 cultivated. Peak flowering was registered at the end of November and beginnings of December with the maximum number of species in full flowering. Introduced plants dominated the flowerings during most of the apicultural period, except in the second half of October and during November, when native plants prevailed. Thirty-two species frequently visited by Apis mellifera L. were registered, three of them belonged to characteristic flora from the steppe: Mulinum spinosum (Cav. Pers., Phacelia secunda J. F. Gmel. and Schinus marchandii F. A. Barkley

  2. APORTES PALEOBOTÁNICOS EN LA RECONSTRUCCIÓN DE PALEODIETAS. ANÁLISIS DE COPROLITOS DEL CERRO CASA DE PIEDRA, SANTA CRUZ/Palaeobotany contributions in palaeodiets reconstruction. Coprolites analysis of Cerro Casa de Piedra, Santa Cruz.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cecilia Martínez Tosto

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Los coprolitos son heces fósiles deshidratadas o mineralizadas que contienen inclusiones orgánicas e inorgánicas. El estudio de las inclusiones de origen vegetal de los coprolitos permite conocer los ítems vegetales consumidos por los organismos e inferir la estacionalidad en el uso del sitio. El objetivo de este trabajo es estudiar el contenido de polen y de microrrestos vegetales de un coprolito humano del sitio CCP7 relacionado a una capa arqueológica fechada en 8920±200 C14 (UGA 7383 años AP. El sitio CCP7 está ubicado en la provincia de Santa Cruz (Argentina en el ecotono bosque-estepa. Se realizaron los análisis polínicos y microhistológicos de los restos vegetales del coprolito. Se identificaron 13 tipos polínicos, tres de ellos pertenecientes a la vegetación del bosque y el resto a la estepa. Mediante el análisis microhistológico se identificaron las especies Azorella monanthos, Empetrum rubrum y Gaultheria mucronata. El análisis simultáneo de la información extraída de los datos palinológicos y de los microhistológicos mostró coincidencias parciales entre el contenido de polen y de restos vegetales, permitiendo reconstruir la porción vegetal de la paleodieta e inferir la época del año en que el hombre que dio origen al coprolito estuvo ocupando el sitio CCP7.   Abstract Coprolites are dehydrated or mineralized fossil feces containing organic and inorganic inclusions. The study of plant inclusions of coprolites allows knowing the vegetable items consumed by organisms and inferring the seasonality in the use of the site. This work aims at studying pollen and plant remains from a human coprolite in the CCP7 site related to an archaeological layer dated from around 8920±200 14C (UGA 7383 years BP. CCP7 is located in the province of Santa Cruz (Argentina within the forest-steppe ecotone. Pollen and microhistological analyses of coprolite plant remains were conducted. Thirteen pollen types were identified: three

  3. Chagas' infection in university students of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia. A serologic-electrocardiographic study Prevalecia de infección chagásica en universitarios de Santa Cruz de la Sierra Bolivia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Gianella

    1994-12-01

    Full Text Available In order to learn the prevalence of Chagas' infection among students from Santa Cruz de la Sierra's universities, a random sample of 372 new students was drawn. All participants have had electrocardiograms (EKG and serologic analysis (IHAT. 64/372 (17.2% had serologic evidence of Chagas' infection, and from those, 10/64 (15.6% had some EKG alterations. Among students presenting negative serologic test, 31/308 (10.1% had EKG alterations. There was no statistical association between Chagas' infection and EKG alterations (X2=1.67, p=0.2. There was a positive association between Chagas' infection and intraventricular conduction defects and this association was higher among the students of 19 years of age or less (O.R. 10.4, pDesde una población de 4600 nuevos estudiantes de la Universidad Estatal de la ciudad de Santa Cruz de la Sierra, se tomó una muestra aleatoria de 372 estudiantes a los que se les realizó un test de hemaglutinación indirecta (HAI para enfermedad de Chagas y un electrocardiograma (ECG convencional. El 17.2% (64/373 tenían el test HAI positivo y de estos el 16.5% (10/64 tenían algún trastorno electrocardiográfico. En el grupo con HAI negativa el 10% (31/308 presentó alguna anormalidad electrocardiográfica. No se observó asociación entre serología positiva para la enfermedad de Chagas y alteración del ECG en general (X2=1.67 p=0.2. Se observó una asociación positiva entre serología para Chagas y trastornos de conducción intraventricular (TCIV y ésta parece intensificarse entre los menores de 19 años con un odds ratio de 10.4 (p<0.05.

  4. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1976-04-04 to 1976-05-13 (NODC Accession 7601166)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms from 04 April 1976 to 13 May 1976. Data were collected by Grace Prudential...

  5. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1976-08-14 to 1977-01-21 (NODC Accession 7700124)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms from 14 August 1976 to 21 January 1977. Data were collected by Grace...

  6. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1977-03-08 to 1977-04-22 (NODC Accession 7700321)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms from 08 March 1977 to 22 April 1977. Data were collected by the National...

  7. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1975-12-02 to 1976-06-30 (NODC Accession 7601553)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ and other platforms from 02 December 1975 to 30 June 1976. Data were collected by Grace...

  8. Temperature profiles from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ as part of the Marine Resources Monitoring, Assessment and Prediction (MARMAP) project from 1975-04-09 to 1975-04-10 (NODC Accession 7500518)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Temperature profiles were collected from XBT casts from the SANTA CRUZ from 09 April 1975 to 10 April 1975. Data were collected by Grace Prudential Lines as part of...

  9. “Una flor al tiempo dedicada”: la voz de Celia en la poética de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Sancho Dobles

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la actitud dialógica que la comedia Los empeños de una casa de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz establece con los propios poemas de la escritora. Como referencia particular se hace énfasis en la voz de la criada Celia en la comedia y en los sonetos dedicados al motivo de la rosa para, finalmente, establecer algunas ideas con respecto a la poética de la poeta novohispana. This work analyzes the way in which the comedy House of Desires by Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz establishes a dialogic attitude with other poems of the writer. As a particular reference, I will emphasize the voice of the maid, Celia, in the comedy, as well as in the sonnets dedicated to the ‘rose’ motif, to establish, finally, some ideas on the poetics of the novohispanic poet.

  10. Las trayectorias de vida de los jóvenes de Santa Cruz de Tenerife en tiempos de crisis: una aproximación cualitativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gomer Betancor Nuez

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo, producto de un proyecto financiado por la Fundación Cajacanariasy la Asociación Cultural TuSantaCruz, analiza las perspectivas juveniles acerca de la realidad social, política y económica que marcan las diferentes trayectorias de vida de la juventud que habita en Santa Cruz de Tenerife. El uso del concepto de joven que hacemos en este trabajo es más abierto de lo habitual, pues concebimos que la juventud es una categoría social atravesada por cuestiones como el origen social, el nivel de estudios y la clase social, por lo que no es un colectivo caracterizado únicamente por un aspecto biológico-generacional.  La metodología utilizada es de tipo cualitativa, concretamente  se ha empleado la técnica denominada grupos de discusión.

  11. Caminos a la cuestión del ser en Llama de Amor Viva (primera canción) de san Juan de la Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Francisco Pinilla

    2009-01-01

    En este artículo se presenta de manera sintética, en primer lugar, la exposición de la estética teológica representada en el estilo de san Juan de la Cruz, que Hans Urs von Balthasar descubre en Gloria. A continuación, también de manera general, se muestran las grandes líneas del pensamiento de san Juan de la Cruz en torno a la sustancia, específicamente en el comentario a la primera canción de su última obra Llama de Amor Viva, que en muchos aspectos representa una cumbre de la mística occid...

  12. LA CELDA, EL HÁBITO Y LA EVASIÓN EPISTOLAR EN SOR JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luz Ángela Martínez

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Centrado en las representaciones plásticas de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, el presente trabajo reflexiona sobre la relación entre la representación del Barroco de Indias y su contexto de producción. A partir de las anteriores coordenadas, revisa la obra de la monja y la orientación epistolar que adquieren sus poemas como forma de evasión de la celda y el hábito.Focused on the visual representations of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, this paper reflects on the relationship between the Baroque of the Indies aesthetics and their context o production. Based on the above coordinates, it reviews the nun's work and the epistolary orientation that her poems acquire as a form of escape from the convent and habit.

  13. Hydrogeologic Framework of the Upper Santa Cruz Basin (Arizona and Sonora) using Well Logs, Geologic Mapping, Gravity, Magnetics, and Electromagnetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Callegary, J. B.; Page, W. R.; Megdal, S.; Gray, F.; Scott, C. A.; Berry, M.; Rangel, M.; Oroz Ramos, L.; Menges, C. M.; Jones, A.

    2011-12-01

    In 2006, the U.S. Congress passed the U.S.-Mexico Transboundary Aquifer Assessment Act which provides a framework for study of aquifers shared by the United States and Mexico. The aquifer of the Upper Santa Cruz Basin was chosen as one of four priority aquifers for several reasons, including water scarcity, a population greater than 300,000, groundwater as the sole source of water for human use, and a riparian corridor that is of regional significance for migratory birds and other animals. Several new mines are also being proposed for this area which may affect water quality and availability. To date, a number of studies have been carried out by a binational team composed of the U.S. Geological Survey, the Mexican National Water Commission, and the Universities of Arizona and Sonora. Construction of a cross-border hydrogeologic framework model of the basin between Amado, Arizona and its southern boundary in Sonora is currently a high priority. The relatively narrow Santa Cruz valley is a structural basin that did not experience the same degree of late Cenozoic lateral extension and consequent deepening as found in other basin-and-range alluvial basins, such as the Tucson basin, where basin depth exceeds 3000 meters. This implies that storage may be much less than that found in other basin-and-range aquifers. To investigate the geometry of the basin and facies changes within the alluvium, a database of over one thousand well logs has been developed, geologic mapping and transient electromagnetic (TEM) surveys have been carried out, and information from previous electromagnetic, magnetic, and gravity studies is being incorporated into the hydrogeologic framework. Initial geophysical surveys and analyses have focused on the portion of the basin west of Nogales, Arizona, because it supplies approximately 50% of that city's water. Previous gravity and magnetic modeling indicate that this area is a narrow, fault-controlled half graben. Preliminary modeling of airborne

  14. Hygienic sanitary conditions of sun dried meat marketed in Cruz das Almas, Bahia and detection of strains with antimicrobial resistance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Suely Evangelista-Barreto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the microbiological, physical and chemical qualities of sun dried meat marketed in Cruz das Almas, Bahia, as well as trace the resistance profile of the isolated strains against different commercial pharmacos. There were collected and analysed 36 samples of sun dried meat, acquired in 12 different establishment (supermarkets, mini-markets, butchers and a municipal market, and quantified mesophilic aerobic bacteria, coliforms, Staphylococcus coagulase positive, E. coli and presence of Salmonella spp., as well as specific content humidity, water activity (Aw and chloride. In 83% of the establishments, mesophilic bacteria counted > 105 CFU.g-1 and 58% coliforms at 35º C > 105 NMP.g- 1 and coliforms at 45ºC > 103 NMP.g-1. Escherichia coli was isolated in 75% of the establishments. Staphylococcus spp. ranged from 4.8 x 104 to 9.0 x 108 UFC.g-1, not being isolated Staphylococcus coagulase positive. Salmonella was found in 25% of the establishments. The humidity in the sun dried meat samples ranged from 52.37% to 74.69%, the Aw from 0.87 to 0.95 and the chloride from 3.16% to 5.98%. Salmonella was 100% resistant to tetracycline, acid nalidixic, cephalothin and erythromycin, with intermediate resistance to ampicillin and gentamicin. Escherichia coli was resistant to erythromycin (100%, ampicillin (68.7%, cephalothin (71.4%, tetracycline (64.2%, nalidixic acid (35.7% and gentamicin (12.5%. Multiresistant strains of E. coli were observed in 87.5% of the isolates, and it happened that in 28.6% of the resistance it was mediated by plasmids. Multidrug resistance profile was observed in all Salmonella, with a strain showing plasmid resistance. The marketing of sun dried meat in Cruz das Almas presents hygienic and sanitary failures due to it’s high microbial loads. This fact undermines the safety and product lifetime, and may also pose risk to public health since it markets strains with antimicrobial.

  15. Población, territorio y clima como factores de la integración social. El caso de la provincia de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pamela Sosa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El artículo tiene como principal objetivo indagar y describir las características de la integración y diferenciación en la provincia Patagónica de Santa Cruz en dos etapas de desarrollo social de la misma. Antes y después del desembarco de las empresas estatales, el desarrollo minero y militar de la provincia a mediados del siglo XX y el proceso de provincialización e inauguración del sistema democrático formal en ese territorio en 1958. El trabajo sostiene centralmente que Santa Cruz presenta vínculos escasos con instituciones y grupos externos a la provincia y un déficit de integración social a su interior, con distintas intensidades en las diferentes etapas de desarrollo económico, político y social. ABSTRACT The article has as its main objective to investigate and describe the characteristics of the social integration and differentiation in the Patagonic province of Santa Cruz, in two stages of its development. Before and after the coming of the State enterprises, the mining and military development in the province mid-twentieth century, and the provincialization process and inauguration of the formal democratic system in 1958. This work mainly states that Santa Cruz holds scarce ties with institutions and groups external to the province and a social integration deficit within and among its inhabitants, with diverse intensity in the different stages of its economic, politic and social development.

  16. A produção da erva mate (ilex paraguariensis no contexto da agricultura familiar no município de Cruz Machado-PR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanderlei Marinheski

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa teve como objetivo geral avaliar participação da erva mate (Ilex paraguariensis no contexto econômico do Município de Cruz Machado no estado do Paraná, suas perspectivas de desenvolvimento local e geração de renda no sistema de agricultura familiar. A metodologia utilizada foi a pesquisa bibliográfica e consulta on line nos principais órgão e secretárias, mais o trabalho de campo com a averiguação de algumas propriedades rurais do município de Cruz Machado. Nos sistemas de agricultura familiar a logística das ocupações do relevo está associada às características geomorfológicas e ao tamanho das propriedades agropecuárias. Em Cruz Machado predomina o sistema de agricultura familiar, e a erva mate sempre foi uma alternativa extra na complementação da renda dos produtores, e no ano de 2013 contribuiu em mais de 15% do PIB anual do município. E hoje a produção da erva mate representa uma complementação na renda das famílias do município de Cruz Machado, mas que poderá ter uma maximização de produção aliada a características geoecológicas da região e contribuir para o desenvolvimento local.       

  17. Causes of mortality of wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz, Galapagos, Ecuador from 2002-2004.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottdenker, Nicole L; Walsh, Timothy; Jiménez-Uzcátegui, Gustavo; Betancourt, Franklin; Cruz, Marilyn; Soos, Catherine; Miller, R Eric; Parker, Patricia G

    2008-10-01

    Necropsy findings were reviewed from wild birds submitted to the Charles Darwin Research Station, Santa Cruz Island, Galápagos Archipelago between 2004 and 2006. One hundred and ninety cases from 27 different species were submitted, and 178 of these cases were evaluated grossly or histologically. Trauma and trauma-related deaths (n=141) dominated necropsy submissions. Infectious causes of avian mortality included myiasis due to Philornis sp. (n=6), avian pox (n=1), and schistosomosis (n=1).

  18. Proyecto de prevención para evitar la pérdida de memoria en personas mayores en Cruz Roja Valladolid.

    OpenAIRE

    García Álvarez, Ágatha

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo consiste en un proyecto de prevención de pérdida de memoria para las personas mayores, basado en 3 ámbitos esenciales: salud mental, actividad física, y nutrición. Tiene como objetivo disminuir la pérdida de memoria y conservar la memoria presente, a través de la entidad Cruz Roja. Grado en Educación Social

  19. La formación de las Damas Enfermeras de la Cruz Roja durante la Guerra Civil Española (1936-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juana María Hernández Conesa

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: explorar si existieron diferencias en la formación de las Damas Enfermeras Auxiliares Voluntarias de la Cruz Roja durante la Guerra Civil española (1936-1939 en las zonas dominadas por ambos contendientes. Método: investigación documental de corte histórico-pedagógico con revisión crítica de las publicaciones relacionadas con la formación de las Damas Enfermeras de la Cruz Roja de España durante la Guerra Civil española (1936-1939 localizadas en las bases de datos: Biblioteca Nacional de España, Centro Documental de la Memoria Histórica de España, GAZETA®, TESEO®, CISNE®, ENFISPO®, PUBLIMED®, CUIDEN®, DIALNET®, MEDLINE®, ISOC® e IME®. Conclusiones: hasta el año 1938 no se aprecian diferencias en la formación en ambos bandos, a partir de esta fecha el bloque sublevado aumenta la duración y contenidos teórico-prácticos de los estudios de las Damas Enfermeras de la Cruz Roja de España.

  20. Prevalence of notification of tuberculosis cases in family health strategies in Santa Cruz do Sul, state of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariana Almudi Souza

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Tuberculosis (TB, a communicable infectious disease, is a major public health problem in Brazil and worldwide, integrating the National List of Compulsory Notification Diseases. Due to the high incidence observed, the city of Santa Cruz do Sul is one of the priority municipalities for disease notification control in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. In this context, the Family Health Strategies (FHS are important contributors to the notification process, as they are being increasingly used as points of access into the health system and disease control units. This study aims to establish the prevalence of notification of TB cases in FHS units in Santa Cruz do Sul. Methods: The present was an observational, cross-sectional study. Data from families registered in 11 FHS units in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul, related to the year 2013, were used. Results: The total number of reported cases was 17, all of which were aged 15 years or older. The files did not specify the gender of the reported individuals. The prevalence of tuberculosis in the total FHS units analyzed was 0.51/1,000 registered individuals. Conclusion: The high rate of TB cases in the municipality may be related to an increase in the quality of active search of patients, leading to a higher number of notifications by the FHS units. This high rate of notifications is relevant, as it discloses the importance of the FHS in the creation and adoption of preventive measures.

  1. Hospitality and hospitableness | Lashley | Research in Hospitality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research in Hospitality Management. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 5, No 1 (2015) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  2. Uma produção de significados sobre a síndrome de Down Production of meanings related to Down syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Helena Cabral de Almeida Cardoso

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Partindo de uma abordagem etnográfica, realizada no Ambulatório de Síndrome de Down do Centro de Genética Médica José Carlos Cabral de Almeida, do Departamento de Genética do Instituto Fernandes Figueira, unidade materno-infantil da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, este artigo objetiva explorar como o discurso médico e leigo tornam-se inteligíveis via o uso de figuras de linguagem, e articulando-se constroem uma idéia social homogênea da criança com síndrome de Down.This article explores how medical and lay discourses make themselves intelligible by using figures of speech and jointly constructing a socially homogeneous idea of children with Down syndrome, based on an ethnographic study performed at the Down Syndrome Out-Patient Clinic in the José Carlos Cabral de Almeida Center for Clinical Genetics, part of the Department of Genetics at the Fernandes Figueira Institute, a Federal reference hospital for maternal and child health belonging to the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation.

  3. Proceso de enfermería: ¿qué significa para las enfermeras de Santa Cruz (Bolivia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Granero-Molina

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Las enfermeras bolivianas no han incorporado definitivamente el método científico y las taxonomías a los cuidados. Este estudio cualitativo pretende comprender el significado atribuido al proceso de enfermería por docentes y profesionales del Departamento de Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Bolivia. Recolección de datos mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas y observación participante. Análisis bajo el marco teórico y metodológico del Interaccionismo Simbólico y la Teoría Fundamentada, usando el software ATLAS.ti.6.0. De los datos emergieron los siguientes temas: dificultades de implantación del proceso de enfermería; déficit de formación e iniciativa profesional; posición de dominio del médico; carencia de registros; escaso apoyo institucional. Ventajas de implementación: unificar criterios, lenguaje y facilitar el rol propio de enfermería. Se concluye en que las enfermeras depositan sus expectativas profesionales y de mejora de los cuidados en la implementación del Proceso de Enfermería y los Planes de Cuidados, un giro cultural que involucra a docentes, auxiliares y gestores.

  4. Proceso de enfermería: ¿qué significa para las enfermeras de Santa Cruz (Bolivia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Granero-Molina

    Full Text Available Las enfermeras bolivianas no han incorporado definitivamente el método científico y las taxonomías a los cuidados. Este estudio cualitativo pretende comprender el significado atribuido al proceso de enfermería por docentes y profesionales del Departamento de Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Bolivia. Recolección de datos mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas y observación participante. Análisis bajo el marco teórico y metodológico del Interaccionismo Simbólico y la Teoría Fundamentada, usando el software ATLAS.ti.6.0. De los datos emergieron los siguientes temas: dificultades de implantación del proceso de enfermería; déficit de formación e iniciativa profesional; posición de dominio del médico; carencia de registros; escaso apoyo institucional. Ventajas de implementación: unificar criterios, lenguaje y facilitar el rol propio de enfermería. Se concluye en que las enfermeras depositan sus expectativas profesionales y de mejora de los cuidados en la implementación del Proceso de Enfermería y los Planes de Cuidados, un giro cultural que involucra a docentes, auxiliares y gestores.

  5. Framework for incorporating climate change on flood magnitude and frequency analysis in the upper Santa Cruz River

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Jennifer G.; Bai, Yang; Dominguez, F.; Rivera, E.; Meixner, Thomas

    2017-06-01

    Hourly precipitation for one historical (1991-2000) and two future periods (2031-2040 and 2071-2079) were generated using the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) Regional Climate Model (RCM). The climate simulations were conducted for the Southwest region of the United States using an hourly temporal and 10 km spatial resolution grid. The boundary forcing for the WRF model was developed by the Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research/Met Office's HadCM3 model with A2 emission scenario. The precipitation from the RCM-WRF model was bias-corrected using the observed data, and then used to quantify the impact of climate change on the magnitude and frequency of flood flow in the upper Santa Cruz River watershed (USCRW) in southern Arizona. The Computational Hydraulics and River Engineering two-dimensional (CHRE2D) model, a two-dimensional hydrodynamic and sediment transport model, was adapted for surface flow routing. The CHRE2D model was first calibrated using a storm event on July 15th, 1999, and then applied to the watershed for three selected periods. The simulated annual maximum discharges in two future periods were added to the historical records to obtain the flood frequency curve. Results indicate the peak discharges of 100-year, 200-year, and 500-year flood only increased slightly, and the increase is within the 90% confidence interval limits. Therefore, the flood magnitude and frequency curve will not change with the inclusion of projected future climate data for the study watershed.

  6. Effect of the Application of Gibberellin (GA3 on Tomato Seed Germination (Solanum Lycopersicum L. Variety Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuli Alexandra Deaquiz-Oyola

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The tomato is one of the most important vegetable, economical and nutritionally, around the world. For this reason the germination process in the tomato is a vital stage in the growth and development of plants. In this study, the effect of different doses of gibberellin over the germination of Santa Cruz variety tomato seeds was evaluated. The seeds were embedded for 24 hours in different concentrations of gibberellic acid, sown in a peat substrate in the screen house of the UPTC. A complete randomized design was used with 4 treatments corresponding to 0, 100, 200 and 400 mg L-1 of GAs with three replicates, for a total of 12 experimental units (EU, and each unit with 35 seeds. The treatment of 0 mg L-1 had a favorable impact on the mean germination time (GT, average speed of germination (ASG and germination percentage (GP, showing significant differences with respect to the other treatments. The seeds soaked in 400 mg L-1 of GAs presented the lowest values in the variables GT, ASG and GP, attributed to negative effect this type of hormone over this tomato variety, which delayed the death of the embryo and the seed germination.

  7. N:Si:P atomic ratio in the Santa Cruz Channel, Itamaracá-PE (Northeast Brazil: a nyctemeral variation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montes Manuel de Jesús Flores

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies were carried out on the Inlets of Orange and Catuama at the Santa Cruz Channel, Itamaracá-PE, in the rainy and dry seasons, in a nyctemeral cycle, and in a transversal profile, with intervals of three hours between collections. The objective was to determine the spacial and temporal variation of the N:Si:P atomic ratio, and its possible inter-relations and dependencies, as well as the influence of the hydrodynamism provoked by the variation of the tides at different times of the year. Nitrite-N and nitrate-N were higher in the rainy season, while ammonia-N, phosphate-P and silicate-Si were higher in the dry season, which indicated different results than previous studies. The N:P atomic ratio was lower than 16:1, in all seasons and stations, being highest in the rainy season at Inlet Orange. The Si:P atomic ratio was always high. During the observed nyctemeral cycles, the main factors influencing the composition of the physical, chemical and biological parameters were the tide cycles and the meteorological parameters.

  8. Perceptions about the Unified Health System among users and health professionals in the city of Santa Cruz-RN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gleiciane da Silva Fonseca

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To evaluate the level of knowledge of users and health professionals on the Unified Health System (UHS, highlighting the prospects for enhancing citizen participation in health policy. Methods: A descriptive and exploratory study with a qualitative approach, developed between April and July 2010 through semi-structured interviews with 23 people, among them four health professionals, and 19 users, who lived in an area of the Family Health Strategy city of Santa Cruz, RN, Brazil. The collected data were analyzed using thematic analysis, one of the modalities of content analysis, through the stages of reading and exploration of material, creating categories and linking them with theoretical references. Results: The survey showed that there are differences between the knowledge of users and health professionals, because while these critiques cited based on the principles of UHS legally established, users demonstrated ignore the UHS, conceptualizing it as the National Health Card . The speeches of the participants pointed to difficulties in access to health and a lack of educational activities in health, which can make difficult to develop democratic practices in this sector policies. Conclusions: The UHS was a breakthrough in health care in Brazil, but there are still barriers to the consolidation of a universal, integrated and equanimous. From this perspective, to contribute to the realization of the public health system, stands out importance of unity of diverse social actors (educators, managers and health professionals, as well as health education for the strengthening of popular participation.

  9. Reproductive period of the swimming crab Callinectes danae at the Santa Cruz Channel, a highly productive tropical estuary in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina de Sá Leitão Câmara de Araújo

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to analyze reproductive aspects of Callinectes danae in one of the most productive estuarine systems in the Northeast Brazil, Santa Cruz Channel. A total of 1.573 individuals, being 756 females (23 ovigerous and 817 males were examined from January to December 2009. Mature males and females, as well as couples of C. danae, occurred in all months of the year. Ovigerous females occurred in nearly all months. The reproductive activity, based on the macroscopic observation of the gonads, occurs continuously, with distinguishable peaks in February, March and September. Ovigerous females were only recorded nearest to the sea, while couples were only in the inner estuary. Thus, a migration pattern is proposed, with couples mating inside the estuary, followed by a migration of females to the area of greater marine influence for egg laying and, probably, larval release. After this, probably the females of do not return to the estuary, characterizing habitat partitioning. The present study is the first contribution on the reproductive period of C. danae in an estuarine ecosystem of the Brazilian northeast coast, and elucidates some aspects of its reproductive behavior.

  10. Visiones regionales superpuestas y propuesta del Ecosistema Cultural para Santa Cruz de Mompox (Bolívar, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Osorio Guzmán

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available El municipio de Santa Cruz de Mompox (Departamento de Bolívar, Colombia cuyo centro históricofue declarado Patrimonio de la Humanidad por la UNESCO en 1995, da su nombre a la regiónconocida como Depresión Momposina, a veces confundida con la región de La Mojana ¿Esla Depresión Momposina la misma región de La Mojana? ¿Qué área comprende? Por una parte,se consultan varias fuentes y se identifican diferencias en la delimitación de la región (o regionesque llevan estos nombres y que varían según los actores que las delimiten y la finalidad perseguida.Por otra parte, se propone la aproximación territorial al Ecosistema Cultural Momposinobasada en una propuesta teórica y metodológica que articula las demandas del Centro Históricoal territorio -aquellas relacionadas a las expresiones culturales patrimoniales-, como aporte a lavaloración, protección y gestión patrimonial así como a la planificación regional. Este artículo seenmarca en la investigación Centro histórico y territorio: Ecosistema cultural momposino.

  11. Geology and ground-water in western Santa Cruz County, California, with particular emphasis on the Santa Margarita Sandstone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akers, J.P.; Jackson, L.E.

    1977-01-01

    The water-bearing potential of the geologic formations in the western part of Santa Cruz County, Calif., is evaluated. Most of the sedimentary formations in this area are fine-grained rocks of Tertiary age that have been folded and faulted. These rocks, in general, yield supplies of water sufficient only for individual domestic supplies. The Lompico and Santa Margarita Sandstones, however, are coarser grained and have the potential to yield moderate quantities of water (50-100 gallons per minute). Areas where the Lompico Sandstone might warrant explorations are (1) near and on the west side of the Ben Lomond fault, (2) near and south of the outcrop of the Lompico Sandstone between Ben Lomond and Felton, and (3) in the area near Bald Mountain School. The Santa Margarita Sandstone should be explored by test drilling in the area between Davenport and Bonnie Doon. The quality of ground water is generally good, although saline water occurs in the San Lorenzo Formation near Redwood Grove and Riverside Grove. (Woodard-USGS)

  12. EL DESARROLLO HUMANO EN SANTA CRUZ (BOLIVIA: DESEQUILIBRIOS TERRITORIALES Y EFECTO NEGATIVO DEL COMPONENTE ECONÓMICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edoardo Bazzaco

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El análisis del Índice de Desarrollo Humano de los municipios del departamento de Santa Cruz permite destacar como característica central del proceso de desarrollo humano del departamento cruceño en los últimos veinticinco años su profunda vinculación a los progresos realizados por el conjunto de Bolivia y a los factores económicos que condicionaron esta evolución. En este sentido, el departamento reprodujo y amplificó no sólo el ciclo económico del país, sino también el perfil de desarrollo humano de Bolivia: el valor de su Índice de Desarrollo Humano muestra un fuerte desfase entre un indicador económico débil e indicadores sociales básicos - en las áreas de educación y salud - con valores más elevados. Los valores del IDH, los desequilibrios entre sus distintos componentes (entradas económicas, indicadores de educación y esperanza de vida al nacer, así como las correlaciones negativas rescontradas entre indicadores de pobreza y grado de urbanización municipal, ponen en evidencia importantes asimetrías internas en el departamento y permiten avanzar algunas conclusiones respecto a la sostenibilidad del proceso de desarrollo departamental cruceño.

  13. Dog overpopulation and burden of exposure to canine distemper virus and other pathogens on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diaz, Nicole M; Mendez, Gabriella S; Grijalva, C Jaime; Walden, Heather S; Cruz, Marilyn; Aragon, Eduardo; Hernandez, Jorge A

    2016-01-01

    Dog overpopulation and diseases are hazards to native island species and humans on the Galapagos. Vaccination and importation of dogs are prohibited on the Galapagos. Risk management of these hazards requires the use of science-based risk assessment and risk communication. The objectives of the study reported here were (i) to estimate the human:dog ratio and (ii) the prevalence of and identify exposure factors associated with positive antibody titers to canine distemper virus (CDV) and other pathogens, as well as infection with intestinal parasites in owned dogs on Santa Cruz Island, Galapagos in September 2014. The observed human:dog ratio was 6.148:1 which extrapolates to 2503 dogs (two times more than a recent dog count conducted by Galapagos Biosecurity Agency in March 2014). The proportion of spayed female dogs (50%) was higher, compared to neutered male dogs (30%) (p=0.04). Prevalence of dogs with positive antibody titers to CDV was 36% (95% CI=26, 46%), to canine parvovirus was 89% (95% CI=82, 95%), and to canine adenovirus was 40% (95% CI=30, 51%). The frequency of seropositive dogs to CDV was lower in urban dogs (26%), compared to rural dogs (53%) (pGalapagos to date. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. PHYSICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF THE SANTA CRUZ STREAM WATERSHED AND CONFLICTING LAND USE IN THE AREAS OF PERMANENT PRESERVATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Vilela Andrade Pinto

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were: (a to accomplish the physical characterization of the Santa Cruz Stream watershed,and b to analyze the accomplishment of the environmental legislation in the areas of permanent preservation of the streamlets,springs and hillsides. Topographic maps, satellite data, aerial vertical photos and field surveys were used. The gathered data wereprocessed in a GIS using SPRING. The data base was composed by thematic maps of the drainage network, slope, soil, nativeforest, land use, areas of permanent preservation (APPs and of conflicting land use. About 50% of the watershed area presentedslope above 12%. The predominant types of soil in the watershed were Latosol. Pasture was the predominant land use (62,41%,representing 84.57% of the conflicting use occurring in the watershed. The total area under conflicting use in the watershed was11.04%. The total area of permanent preservation (17.5% together with the 20% of the area of legal reserve totalized 37.5%.Yet, the native vegetation occupied only 25.74% of the watershed, demanding reforestation of 11.75% of the area.

  15. [Yesterdays and happenings at hospitals of Tehuacán, Puebla, México].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fajardo-Ortiz, Guillermo

    2004-01-01

    The history of the hospital of Tehuacán, the second city importance in Puebla State, began in 1744, when the Hospital de San Juan de Dios (Hospital of St. John) was founded; in 1820, it was converted into the Municipal of Civil Hospital. The medical establishement continues to provide services to the poor to this day annual also covers health public workers of services for the municipality. The Hospital de la Cruz Roja Mexicana (The Mexican Red Cross Hospital) was created in 1934 provide medical services for accident victims: The hospital services of the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) began in 1953; an earthquake destroyed the building in 1973, and a new hospital was inaugurated in 1979; at present, it readers services to 98,000 persons. The Sanatorio del Sagrado Corazón (Sacred Heart Sanatorium) is a private religious institution founded at the beginning of the second half the 20th century. In 1996, the Hospital General (General Hospital) began to provide services, takes care of the poor of the geographical region, and is financed with federal funds. The Instituto de Seguridad y Servicios Sociales para Trabajadores del Estado (Institute of Securtiy and Social Services for the Workers of the State, ISSSTE) has a small hospital with 10 beds, it was founded in 1995.

  16. Avaliação de modelos de estimativa da radiação solar incidente em Cruz das Almas, Bahia Evaluating models for estimation of incoming solar radiation in Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valéria P. Borges

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Em estudos agroambientais a radiação solar incidente (Rs é uma das mais importantes variáveis meteorológicas. Na ausência de dados observados de Rs é possível estimá-los mediante modelos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar modelos baseados na temperatura do ar para estimativa diária de Rs nas condições do Recôncavo Sul da Bahia. Utilizaram-se dados de Rs do período de 2004 a 2006, medidos por uma estação meteorológica automática pertencente ao INMET, instalada em Cruz das Almas, Bahia. Como etapa preliminar, verificou-se a qualidade dos dados de Rs tomando-se como referência curvas de radiação esperada em dias claros. Os seguintes modelos foram avaliados: Hargreaves-Samani para regiões interiores e regiões costeiras, Thornton-Running e o de Weiss. O desempenho de cada método foi avaliado através dos seguintes indicadores: coeficiente de determinção (R², razão média (RM, erro absoluto médio (EAM, raiz quadrada do quadrado médio do erro (RQME e índice de concordância de Wilmott (dW. Os resultados obtidos recomendam o modelo de Hargreaves-Samani para regiões costeiras por apresentar o valor de RM mais próximo de 1 (1,01, menor EAM (2,54 MJ m-2 d-1, menor RQME (3,13 MJ m-2 d-1 e o maior dW (0,90.Solar radiation at the earth's surface (Rs is one of the essential weather variables for several agro-environmental studies. In the absence of measured Rs, it's possible to simulate them by models. Using three years of daily Rs data (2004-2006 collected by an INMET (Brazilian Meteorological Service automatic weather station installed in the municipality of Cruz das Almas, BA, three air temperature-based Rs simulation models were evaluated. As a preliminary step, data quality was investigated and, when needed, adjustments were made based on clear sky solar radiation envelopes. The following models were evaluated: Hargreaves-Samani for both interior and coastal regions, Thornton-Running, and the Weiss model. Linear

  17. Estudios ecológicos en el Páramo de Cruz Verde, Colombia II. Las comunidades vegetales Estudios ecológicos en el Páramo de Cruz Verde, Colombia II. Las comunidades vegetales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lozano Contreras Gustavo

    1976-09-01

    Full Text Available Im Páramo de Cruz Verde, Cundinamarca, Kolumbien (3.400m Höhe werden auf Grund pflanzensoziologischer Untersuchungen mehrere Pflanzengemeinschaften unterschieden. Am verbreitetsten sind solche, die ihre Existenz anthropogenen Einflüssen verdanken und sich unter diesen stabilisiert haben; sie werden als Subklimax-Gesellschaften aufgefaΒt und zeichnen sich durch ihre geringe Empfindlichkeit gegen gelegentliche Brände aus. Hierzu sind zu rechnen: eine Calamagrostis effusa - Espeletia grandiflora - Geranium santanderiense - Gesellschaft, eine Calamagrostis effusa - Espeletia grandiflora - Geranium multiceps - Gesellschaft, eine Calamagrostis effusa - Spiranthes vaginata - Gesellschaft, eine Calamagrostis effusa «Espeletia corymbosa - Gesellschaft und eine Calamagrostis effusa - Altesteinia fimbriata - Gesellschaft.In Gebieten, deren Vegetation durch natürliche (z. B. Erdrutsche oder anthropogene Einflüsse (z, B. vorübergehender Ackerbau zerstört wurde, stellen sich Pionier-Gesellschaften mit Espeletia argentea ein.  Da in allen unterschiedenen Subklimax-Gesellschaften Baum - undBusch-Arten vorkommen, die für kleinere Busch waldbestände typisch sind, werden letztere als Reste einer Klimax-Vegetation angesehen, die nur an ständig sumpfigen Stellen durch eine Diplostephium revolutum Gesell-schaft ersetzt wird. Letztere ist noch heute an vielen Stellen erhalten; sie wird wenigstens teilweise als Endstadium einer Sukzessionsreihe angesehen,die während der Verlandung von kleinen Seen (meist glazialer Herkunft auftrat.  Als wesentliche Ursachen der räumlichen Verteilung der heute dominierenden Subklimax-Gesellschaften werden die örtlich unterschiedlich stark schwankenden Bodenwassergehalte diskutiert.En el Páramo de Cruz Verde, Cundinamarca, Colombia (3.400 m de altura se distinguen varias comunidades vegetales con base en estudios fitosociológicos. Distribución más amplia tienen aquellas que deben su existencia a las influencias

  18. Microbiological quality and antimicrobial susceptibility of informally traded milk in Cruz das Almas county, Bahia Qualidade microbiológica e suscetibilidade antimicrobiana do leite in natura comercializado em Cruz das Almas, Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Suely Evangelista Barreto

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The microbiological quality as well as the antimicrobial susceptibility of bacteria isolated from raw milk obtained from 25 food stores in Cruz das Almas, Bahia were evaluated. The analysis included counts of mesophilic and psicrotrophic microorganisms, molds and yeast, Staphylococcus spp., coagulase-positive Staphylococcus, coliforms (at 35ºC and 45ºC, and the presence of Salmonella spp. and Escherichia coli. The average count for mesophilic and psicrotrophic microorganisms, molds and yeast, and coliforms at 35°C and 45°C were 1.6 x 109 CFU.mL-1, 9.6 x 104 CFU.mL-1, 3.8 x 108 CFU. mL-1, 4.0 x 105 MPN.mL-1 and 3.8 x 105 MPN.mL-1, respectively. Coagulase positive Staphylococcus was found in 44% of the samples (mean value of 7.3 x 105 CFU.mL-1, and E. coli was present in 76% of them. Salmonella was not detected in any of the samples tested. E. coli showed resistance (57.9% to tetracycline, to ampicillin and chloramphenicol (10.5%, and cephalotin (5.3%, while coagulase-positive Staphylococcus strains were resistant to amicacin (18% and vancomicin (18%. The raw milk besides to present poor microbiological quality, becoming a health risk of the consumers, it may contribute to the dissemination of resistant bacteria to various antimicrobial agents. Para a avaliação da qualidade microbiológica do leite in natura, bem como a suscetibilidade antimicrobiana das bactérias isoladas, foram analisados 25 estabelecimentos comerciais em Cruz das Almas, Ba. Para isso realizou-se a quantificação de micro-organismos heterotróficos mesófilos e psicrotróficos aeróbios, bolores e leveduras, Staphylococcus spp., Staphylococcus coagulase positiva, coliformes (35ºC e 45ºC e presença de Salmonella spp. e Escherichia coli. A contagem média de micro-organismos heterotróficos mesófilos foi de 1,6 x 109 UFC.mL-1, psicrotróficos 9,6 x 104 UFC. mL-1, bolores e leveduras 3,8 x 108 UFC.mL-1, coliformes a 35°C 4 x 105 NMP.mL-1 e a 45°C 3,8 x 105 NMP.mL-1

  19. 'Hospital ' i _

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    years and below, who presented at the University of Port Harcourt Teaching' Hospital during a. 12-year period. ... However, the role of malignancies as a cause of death- .University of Port-Harcourt Teaching Hospital,. 'Port-Harcourt . " Department of Anatomical Pathology _ ' '. '''Lecturer ' ' - .... decreasing numerical order.

  20. Analysis of methods to determine storage capacity of, and sedimentation in, Loch Lomond Reservoir, Santa Cruz County, California, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    McPherson, Kelly R.; Freeman, Lawrence A.; Flint, Lorraine E.

    2011-01-01

    In 2009, the U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the City of Santa Cruz, conducted bathymetric and topographic surveys to determine the water storage capacity of, and the loss of capacity owing to sedimentation in, Loch Lomond Reservoir in Santa Cruz County, California. The topographic survey was done as a supplement to the bathymetric survey to obtain information about temporal changes in the upper reach of the reservoir where the water is shallow or the reservoir may be dry, as well as to obtain information about shoreline changes throughout the reservoir. Results of a combined bathymetric and topographic survey using a new, state-of-the-art method with advanced instrument technology indicate that the maximum storage capacity of the reservoir at the spillway altitude of 577.5 feet (National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929) was 8,646 ±85 acre-feet in March 2009, with a confidence level of 99 percent. This new method is a combination of bathymetric scanning using multibeam-sidescan sonar, and topographic surveying using laser scanning (LiDAR), which produced a 1.64-foot-resolution grid with altitudes to 0.3-foot resolution and an estimate of total water storage capacity at a 99-percent confidence level. Because the volume of sedimentation in a reservoir is considered equal to the decrease in water-storage capacity, sedimentation in Loch Lomond Reservoir was determined by estimating the change in storage capacity by comparing the reservoir bed surface defined in the March 2009 survey with a revision of the reservoir bed surface determined in a previous investigation in November 1998. This revised reservoir-bed surface was defined by combining altitude data from the 1998 survey with new data collected during the current (2009) investigation to fill gaps in the 1998 data. Limitations that determine the accuracy of estimates of changes in the volume of sedimentation from that estimated in each of the four previous investigations (1960, 1971, 1982, and 1998

  1. Diagnosis of the quality of water supplied to the locality of Santa Cruz, Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayana R. C. Vilaça

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The basic sanitation comprises several services that are essential to the maintenance of people's health and well-being. The populations that have an appropriate water supply, sewage collection and treatment, proper garbage disposal, among other services, are protected from diseases and have access to a minimum comfort to live in a safe way. In spite of the importance of these services, to the extent to be characterized as “basic”, several populations, national or worldwide, suffer for the lack or the complete privation of sanitation, live without access to quality water, their waste is thrown under open air and their garbage is disposed in inappropriate sites, what causes health and environmental impacts. This work is being accomplished in a community called Santa Cruz, located in Campos dos Goytacazes, RJ, and aims to carry out a survey about the local sanitary reality, especially about the quality of the water supplied to the population. 100 inhabitants of that community were interviewed and answered a questionnaire. Among the results, 22% of the interviewees consume the water that comes to their homes without any type of treatment, 47% consider the supply water as being of poor quality and 7% don't own home water tanks. After the interviews, bacteriological and physicochemical water analyses were performed in fifteen samples collected in the community. The test results indicated that the collected water was out of the drinking water standards, and therefore, inappropriate for human consumption.

  2. Use of remotely sensed imagery to map Sudden Oak Death (Phytophthora ramorum) in the Santa Cruz Mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillis, Trinka

    This project sought a method to map Sudden Oak Death distribution in the Santa Cruz Mountains of California, a coastal mountain range and one of the locations where this disease was first observed. The project researched a method to identify forest affected by SOD using 30 m multi-spectral Landsat satellite imagery to classify tree mortality at the canopy-level throughout the study area, and applied that method to a time series of data to show pattern of spread. A successful methodology would be of interest to scientists trying to identify areas which escaped disease contagion, environmentalists attempting to quantify damage, and land managers evaluating the health of their forests. The more we can learn about the disease, the more chance we have to prevent further spread and damage to existing wild lands. The primary data source for this research was springtime Landsat Climate Data Record surface reflectance data. Non-forest areas were masked out using data produced by the National Land Cover Database and supplemental land cover classification from the Landsat 2011 Climate Data Record image. Areas with other known causes of tree death, as identified by Fire and Resource Assessment Program fire perimeter polygons, and US Department of Agriculture Forest Health Monitoring Program Aerial Detection Survey polygons, were also masked out. Within the remaining forested study area, manually-created points were classified based on the land cover contained by the corresponding Landsat 2011 pixel. These were used to extract value ranges from the Landsat bands and calculated vegetation indices. The range and index which best differentiated healthy from dead trees, SWIR/NIR, was applied to each Landsat scene in the time series to map tree mortality. Results Validation Points, classified using Google Earth high-resolution aerial imagery, were created to evaluate the accuracy of the mapping methodology for the 2011 data.

  3. Density and reproduction of the Queen Conch EUSTROMBUS gigas (Mesogastropoda: Strombidae) at Cabo Cruz, Desembarco del Granma National Park, Cuba.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cala, Yuself R; de Jesús-Navarrete, Alberto; Ocaña, Frank A; Oliva-Rivera, José

    2013-06-01

    The queen conch Eustrombus gigas is an important fisheries resource in the Caribbean region. In Cuba Island the studies about this resource are very scarce and particularly in the Southeastern regions of the country. With the aim to get important fishery information about this gastropod, adult Queen Conch density and frequency of reproductive activity were evaluated in Cabo Cruz, Cuba, during 2009-2010. Data from three seasons were obtained (rainy, dry and cold fronts periods) from three different areas: Farito, Guafe and Laguna. The highest density was observed in cold fronts season (468.5 ind./ha) and the lowest occurred during the dry season (268.5 ind./ha). The highest density was reported at Laguna (520.4 ind./ha) and the lowest at Farito (290.9ind./ha). In total, 158 reproductive events were observed. The highest frequency was reported in rainy season (36%), followed by dry (9%) and cold fronts (5%) seasons. Reproductive behavior (mating and egg laying) was related to temperature and photoperiod. Reproductive activity was observed during the whole year, which suggests the existence of an important Queen Conch reserve in the Southeastern region of Cuba and an apparently self-sufficient population for recruitment. From our results we may conclude that, the population's sustainable exploitation is viable if the following management measures are observed: functional zoning within the area, rotation of fishing areas and a closed season. We recommend that the Laguna site should be protected as a reproduction zone and banned for fishing activities.

  4. Communication of work accidents involving biological material: a study in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul/RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayane Diehl

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Rationale and Objectives: Healthcare workers are constantly exposed to the risk of occupational accidents involving biological material. Thus the aim of the study was to develop a profile of workers involved in workplace accidents with biological materials in Santa Cruz do Sul, through the number of notifications made in information systems. Methods: Transversal retrospective study with a quantitative approach; data collection was carried out between the years 2008 and 2010 from medical records in the Municipal Reference Occupational Health Unit – UMREST – containing the notification via Individual Report of Accident Notification - RINA, and/or Work Accident Communication - CAT. Results: A total of 1,263 records were analyzed during the study period. There were 13 notifications in 2008, 7 cases in 2009 and 2 in 2010. Five records had CAT, 8 had RINA and 9 had RINA and CAT. The most frequently affected professional category was the nursing technician, with the highest frequency in 2008, followed by dentists and nurses. There was a higher prevalence of female workers, with 18 cases. The most prevalent age group was 20 to 49 years old. Conclusion: The study showed that women working in the nursingprofession at the productive-age group are the ones most often affected by work accidents involving biological material during the study period. The study results raise the suspicion of underreporting of accidents with biological material, considering the number of notifications in thesetting of records found in the investigated UMREST. KEYWORDS Wo rk-related accidents. Health care professional. Occupational accidents.

  5. A micromorphological evaluation of pedogenesis on Isla Santa Cruz (Galápagos Estudio micromorfológico de la edafogénesis en la Isla Santa Cruz (Galápagos Avaliação micromorfológica da génese de solos da Ilha de Santa Cruz (Galápagos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georges Stoops

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Thin sections of about 200 horizons or layers, representing 60 soil profiles in the coastal area and on the windward slopes of Isla Santa Cruz (Galápagos Islands were analysed. Based on the fabric and the composition of the groundmass and the presence of pedofeatures in individual layers or horizons, clusters of similar material are made and 7 units and 3 subunits distinguished. Plotting these units on a survey map gives a good insight in the spatial distribution of soil materials, expressing different combinations of parent material and precipitation. In the coastal area and the lowest slopes, with a summer dry climate, respectively reddish and greyish and brown materials with a porphyric c/f related distribution pattern and striated b-fabrics, and often with fragmented illuvial clay coatings are observed. The coarse material contains mainly holocrystalline basalt fragments, unweathered in the coastal area, or basalt derived individual minerals. The micromass has a halloysitic-smectitic composition. On the higher slopes, with a permanent moist climate, materials have also a porphyric or fine monic c/f related distribution pattern, but the b-fabric is undifferentiated and no illuvial features are present, gibbsitic features sometimes occur and the micromass consists mainly of halloysite and gibbsite. Subunits are distinguished here according to the microstructure, and the quantity and type of coarse material. Mesocrystalline basalt, often vesicular, dominates over holocrystalline, pointing to the influence of scoria. Soils on the higher slopes are more strongly weathered than those on the drier lower slopes and the coastal area. In depressions in the higher areas, materials with a yellowish or brownish grey micromass with a striated b-fabric, and well developed limpid illuvial clay coatings and impregnative iron oxide nodules occur. The micromass has a halloysite-smectite composition. Contrary to existing hypotheses the reddish soils in the

  6. O uso de antimicrobianos em um hospital de ensino: uma breve avaliação Antibiotic prescription in a teaching hospital: a brief assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Carneiro

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Os antimicrobianos são utilizados de forma indiscriminada na prática médica, contribuindo com a emergência de cepas microbianas resistentes. MÉTODOS: Este estudo descreve a auditoria de antimicrobianos realizada por análise prospectiva de 846 prontuários de pacientes internados no Hospital Santa Cruz, em Santa Cruz do Sul - Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil. RESULTADOS: Do total dos pacientes analisados, 134 (15,8% receberam antimicrobianos. A auditoria foi realizada de modo interativo, com intervenção e discussão com o médico prescritor. Considerando-se o diagnóstico presumido e a droga prescrita, verificou-se que 74,6% dos pacientes em uso de antimicrobiano receberam o tratamento considerado de primeira escolha. A inadequação do antimicrobiano para o diagnóstico clínico (5,2% e a falta do ajuste para a função renal (43,7% foram os equívocos mais frequentes. CONCLUSÃO: Um planejamento estratégico direcionado ao uso racional de antimicrobianos baseado em práticas educacionais intervencionistas pode auxiliar o médico do controle de infecção a adequar as rotinas com melhoria da qualidade da assistência.OBJECTIVE: Antimicrobials are used interchangeably in medical practice, contributing to the emergence of resistant microbial strains. METHODS: This study describes the antimicrobial audit performed by forecasting analysis of medical records of 846 patients at the Hospital Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz do Sul - Rio Grande do Sul - Brazil. RESULTS: Of the patients studied, 134 (15.8% received antimicrobials. The audit was conducted interactively, with intervention and discussion with the prescriber. Considering the presumptive diagnosis and prescribed drug, it was verified that 74.6% of patients on antimicrobials received what was considered the first choice treatment. Inadequate antimicrobial agent for clinical diagnosis (5.2% and lack of adjustment for renal function (43.7% were the most frequent errors. CONCLUSION: A strategic

  7. Hospital Inspections

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Welcome to hospitalinspections.org, a website run by the Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ) that aims to make federal hospital inspection reports easier...

  8. Cruz Vermelha Brasileira (filial São Paulo na imprensa (1916-1930 Cruz Roja Brasileña (filial São Paulo en la imprenta (1916-1930 Brazilian Red Cross (São Paulo branch in media (1916-1930

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Porto

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objeto dimensionar a visibilidade da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira, Filial de São Paulo, na imprensa escrita no período de 1916-1930. Seus objetivos foram: descrever e analisar sua visibilidade na imprensa escrita e discutir os efeitos da crença simbólica da Cruz Vermelha Brasileira à sociedade. Os documentos de análise foram oriundos de um portfólio, do Centro Histórico Cultural da Enfermagem Ibero-americana, da Escola de Enfermagem, da Universidade de São de Paulo. Os resultados foram analisados com base nas concepções de Pierre Bourdieu, que apontaram para o círculo da crença simbólica, quando foram veiculadas 1.089 notícias na imprensa nacional e internacional. Neste sentido, a cada publicação de notícia sobre a Cruz Vermelha Brasileira, esta divulgava o órgão central no Brasil e, consequentemente, também a Cruz Vermelha Internacional.Este estudio tuvo como objeto dimensionar la visibilidad de la Cruz Roja Brasileña, filial de São Paulo, en la imprenta escrita, en el período de 1916-1930. Sus objetivos fueron: describir y analizar su visibilidad en la imprenta escrita y discutir los efectos de la creencia simbólica de la Cruz Roja Brasileña de la Sociedad. Los documentos de análisis fueron derivados de un portafolio del Centro Histórico Cultural de la Enfermería Ibero-americana, de la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de São de Paulo. Los resultados fueron analizados con base en las concepciones de Pierre Bourdieu que apuntaron para el círculo de la creencia simbólica, cuando fueron publicadas 1.089 noticias en la imprenta nacional e internacional. En este sentido, a cada publicación de una noticia de la Cruz Roja Brasileña, esta divulgaba el órgano central en Brasil y consecuentemente la Cruz Roja Internacional.The objective of the present study is to dimension the Brazilian Red Cross, Branch of the State of São Paulo's visibility in the written media during the period of 1916

  9. Caminos a la cuestión del ser en Llama de Amor Viva (primera canción de san Juan de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Francisco Pinilla

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta de manera sintética, en primer lugar, la exposición de la estética teológica representada en el estilo de san Juan de la Cruz, que Hans Urs von Balthasar descubre en Gloria. A continuación, también de manera general, se muestran las grandes líneas del pensamiento de san Juan de la Cruz en torno a la sustancia, específicamente en el comentario a la primera canción de su última obra Llama de Amor Viva, que en muchos aspectos representa una cumbre de la mística occidental. Finalmente, desde estos dos pasos, se pretende dar pistas para la cuestión de fondo: ¿qué aporte ofrece esta obra mística de san Juan de la Cruz a la cuestión del ser?In this article the author attempts to present in a synthetic manner, in the first place, an exposition on the theological esthetics represented in the style of St. John of the Cross, which Hans Urs von Balthasar discovered in his work, The Glory of the Lord. Following this, the author shows, also in a general way, the major lines of thought of St. John of the Cross regarding substance, especially in his commentary on the first song in his last work, The Living Flame of Love, which in many aspects represents the summit of Western mysticism. Finally, from these two steps, the author attempts to give some insights into the question at the heart of the matter: What contributions does this mystical work of St. John of the Cross offer to the question of being?

  10. Percepção entomológica por docentes e discentes do município de Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso, Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Frida Hatsue Modro

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7925.2009v22n2p153 Este trabalho objetivou identificar e interpretar a percepção entomológica de alunos e professores residentes em Santa Cruz do Xingu, região do Médio Araguaia. Entrevistas semi-estruturadas foram realizadas em dezembro de 2006 com alunos e professores dos ensinos fundamental, médio e Educação de Jovens e Adultos em dezembro de 2006, no Município de Santa Cruz do Xingu, Mato Grosso. Dos seres vivos percebidos como “insetos” por todos os entrevistados, 82,75% pertenceram à Classe Insecta, as demais citações foram pertencentes ao Reino Fungi e a outras Classes do Reino Animalia (Amphibia, Arachnida, Chilopoda, Diplopoda, Gastropoda, Mammalia e Reptilia. Os “insetos” foram definidos, como bichos pequenos, nojentos ou perigosos. Em contato com os “insetos”, 76% dos entrevistados admitiram matá-los e a maior razão para tal reação foi o dano psicológico causado pela presença destes animais (65%. Para 78% dos entrevistados, os “insetos” foram seres sem importância positiva. Devido ao pouco conhecimento sobre os seus aspectos positivos, a percepção dos “insetos” por alunos e professores residentes da região de Santa Cruz do Xingu está relacionada, principalmente, à atribuição de qualidades negativas a estes animais, provocando reações de agressividade contra os “insetos” assim que percebidos no ambiente.

  11. Reservas naturales urbanas en el sur de Santa Cruz (Argentina: importancia, caracterización del uso público e incidencia sobre las comunidades vecinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludmila Decristófaro

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta información de tres Reservas Naturales Urbanas del sur de Santa Cruz (Argentina: Laguna Nimez (El Calafate, Reserva Costera Urbana (Río Gallegos y Cerro de La Cruz (28 de Noviembre, acerca de su importancia, usos públicos y percepción que poseen los vecinos y visitantes sobre las mismas. Se realizó una investigación de corte cuantitativo (cuestionario a visitantes y vecinos y cualititativo (entrevistas a informantes clave. Las reservas cumplen un importante rol educativo y recreativo, que se visualizó en la oferta de actividades para sensibilizar a sus habitantes y por el alto porcentaje de visitantes residentes y recurrencia al lugar, principalmente en la RCU y Cerro de La Cruz. La RCU es la única que posee plan de manejo finalizado y un Centro de Interpretación Ambiental asociado, que concentra cada vez más visitantes (en total, desde su apertura, 10.989 personas. Laguna Nimez a su vez, es la única que realiza cobro de entradas y vende productos al público (guías, manuales, postales, etc., reinvirtiéndose las ganancias para el mantenimiento y funcionamiento, lo que la torna autosustentable. En todas, el turismo fue percibido por los encuestados como un beneficio para la ciudad, pese a que en la actualidad, sólo Laguna Nimez muestra un perfil en este sentido. Es la que recibe un mayor flujo de visitantes no residentes (91% de los encuestados, siendo 56% extranjeros. Empero, se destaca el aporte de las tres reservas como nuevos espacios para la recreación y el aprendizaje, motivaciones identificadas como importantes por los visitantes y vecinos.

  12. «Todos somos iguales». La Revolución de la Igualdad en Santa Cruz, Bolivia. 1876-1877

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schelchkov, Andrey

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Equality Revolution in Santa Cruz (1876-1877, also known as the equality movement, was a conflict between the pairing of the common urban class and local elites who defended a development formula that championed a modern age that balanced the social values of the traditional and patriarchal society, and other local elites who benefited from the boom of free-market capitalism. The political actions of the egalitarians was influenced by the ideology of romantic socialism in its different stages and combined legal formulas with pressure from peasant militia and civil uprisings. The disruption between the project defending a selfmanaged local way of life and local/state modernization priorities led to a state of repression rarely seen in XIX century Santa Cruz society.La Revolución de Igualdad en Santa Cruz (1876-1877 o movimiento igualitario fue un conflicto entre el binomio formado por las capas plebeyas urbanas y las elites locales, defensoras de la fórmula del desarrollo que abogaba por una modernidad en equilibrio con los valores sociales de la sociedad patriarcal y tradicional, y otras elites locales, beneficiarias del auge del capitalismo de libre cambio. La actuación política de los igualitarios estuvo influenciada por las ideas del socialismo romántico en todas sus etapas y combinó formas legales con presión armada montonera y sublevación popular. El desajuste entre este proyecto de defensa de un autogestionado modo de vida local y las prioridades locales/estatales de modernización provocó una represión del mismo pocas veces vista en la sociedad cruceña en el siglo XIX.

  13. Sor Juana Inés de La Cruz: uma breve leitura das invocações e características de Maria

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Eliane

    2015-01-01

    O objetivo desta pesquisa é identificar e relacionar as diversas invocações e características de Maria na obra de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, a partir dos aspectos teológicos mais tradicionais atribuídos à Virgem. Nascida em São Miguel de Nepantla em 1651, por volta dos dezenove anos deixou a proteção da corte e optou por professar na Ordem das Jerônimas, onde produziu a maior parte da sua obra literária em prosa, verso, teatro, romances, sonetos, poesia amorosa, villancicos, cartas, escritos ...

  14. El rey Fávila, la reina Froiliuba y la fundación de la iglesia de Santa Cruz de Cangas (737

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amancio ISLA FREZ

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Nada relevante nos ha quedado de la fábrica de la iglesia dedicada a la Santa Cruz en Cangas (Asturias. La iglesia fue inaugurada por el rey Fávila, la reina Froiliuba y sus descendientes en el 737. Mucho de lo que sabemos sobre la iglesia y el reino en ese momento depende de nuestra comprensión de la inscripción que conmemora esa inauguración. Apuntamos en este artículo algunas nuevas posibilidades de interpretación, especialmente la influencia del ejemplo del emperador Constantino y la construcción de un imperio cristiano.

  15. Diversa de sí misma: sor Juana Inés de la Cruz ante la crítica canónica

    OpenAIRE

    Sancho Dobles, Leonardo

    2006-01-01

    A partir de un romance inconcluso de la escritora mexicana Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz se establece una relación entre lo que plantea la crítica e historiografía literaria y su objeto de estudio. En dicha relación se observa que las percepciones que establece la crítica difieren entre ellas. Esa problemática es la que se retoma para analizar lo que, a lo largo de la segunda mitad del Siglo XX, cinco diferentes historias de la literatura latinoamericana han planteado en torno a la producción lír...

  16. Saavedra Fajardo en el Neptuno Alegórico de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz: dos concepciones sobre el poder

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz, Julio Juan

    2013-01-01

    El presente trabajo tiene como principal objetivo analizar dos concepciones sobre el poder expuestas en Idea de un Príncipe Político Cristiano Representada en Cien Empresas de don Diego de Saavedra Fajardo y en el Neptuno Alegórico de sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, a partir de un fragmento de la obra del escritor español presente en el texto de la religiosa mejicana. En este sentido, nos proponemos abordar no sólo las concordancias, sino también las discrepancias. Asimismo, tendremos en cuenta la...

  17. Paleoparasitologic, paleogenetic and paleobotanic analysis of XVIII century coprolites from the church La Concepción in Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herminia Gijón Botella

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available We present the results of a paleoparasitologic, paleogenetic and paleobotanic analysis of coprolites recovered during the excavation of the church La Concepción in Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Coprolites (n = 4 were rehydrated and a multidisciplinary analysis was conducted. The paleobotanic analysis showed numerous silicates, seeds and fruits of the family Moraceae. In the paleoparasitologic study, Ascaris sp. eggs (n = 344 were identified. The paleogenetic results confirmed the Ascaris sp. infection as well as the European origin of human remains. These findings contribute to our knowledge of ancient helminthes infections and are the first paleoparasitological record of Ascaris sp. infection in Spain.

  18. Measuring the impacts of natural amenities and the US-Mexico Border, on housing values in the Santa Cruz Watershed, using spatially-weighted hedonic modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amaya, Gladys; Norman, Laura M.; Frisvold, George

    2011-01-01

    Assessing the sustainability of International policy or urban development requires consideration of the impacts of these decisions on Ecosystem Services, or the values that humans receive from the ecosystem, including market-land price, environmental, and human well-being values. Hedonic modeling helps to identify the market land price, considering the price is determined by multiple factors affecting it. In U.S. portions of the bi-national Santa Cruz Watershed (SCW), situated at the Arizona-Sonora International border, natural amenities like the riparian corridor and green space have been documented as positive amenities that boost local real estate.

  19. Diversidad, abundancia estacional y uso de hábitat de aves playeras migratorias en el estuario del Rio Gallegos (Santa Cruz)

    OpenAIRE

    Florencia Anahí Becerra; Silvia Noemi Ferrari

    2014-01-01

    Diversidad, abundancia estacional y uso de hábitat de aves playeras migratorias en el estuario del rio Gallegos (Santa Cruz). Se presenta información sobre la condición actual de las aves playeras migratorias en un sector del estuario, adyacente a la ciudad de Río Gallegos, que está sujeto a diversos cambios provenientes del uso urbano. Desde marzo de 2011 a enero de 2012, se realizaron 52 visitas a 5 estaciones de muestreo, recorriéndose transectas perpendiculares a la costa. La diversidad e...

  20. Caracterización del ambiente atmosférico en Las Palmas de Gran Canaria y Santa Cruz de Tenerife. 2000 a 2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena López Villarrubia

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: El carácter insular de las ciudades de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria y Santa Cruz de Tenerife, su meteorología y la proximidad del continente africano que favorece la llegada de material particulado de origen natural sobre las islas, determinan unas especificidades en su calidad del aire. El objetivo de este artículo es la caracterización de la contaminación atmosférica durante los años 2000 a 2004 como indicador de exposición de los habitantes de estas dos ciudades. Métodos: Se elaboraron los siguientes indicadores de contaminación: promedios de 24 horas de PM10, PM2,5, NO2, SO2 y O3; máximo de las 17 medias móviles octohorarias diarias de O3 y CO; máximo horario diario de SO2, NO2, O3, CO, PM10 y PM2,5. También se calcularon los niveles de la moda gruesa de partículas, como la diferencia entre los valores de PM10 y PM2,5 (PM10-2,5. Se identificaron episodios de intrusión africana. Resultados: En Sta Cruz de TF los promedios de SO2 (14ug/m3N y de O3 (44,4 ug/m3N fueron superiores respecto a los de Las Palmas de GC (8 y 28,3 ug/m3N. Los promedios de NO2 en Las Palmas de GC: 45,8 ug/m3N fueron superiores a los de Sta. Cruz de TF: 30,3 ug/m3N. Debido a las intrusiones africanas, algunos días superaron los 600 ug/m3 de PM10 y los 200 de PM2.5 en ambas ciudades. Conclusiones: Se identifica un patrón de calidad del aire con episodios de polvo mineral africano que en superficie afecta a todas las fracciones granulométricas, una estacionalidad diferente a las ciudades europeas respecto al ozono, así como un patrón de contaminación urbano-industrial en Sta. Cruz de Tf y netamente urbano en Las Palmas de GC. Se hace necesario tener en cuenta estos resultados para analizar su posible impacto sobre la salud de los ciudadanos de las Islas Canarias y establecer sistemas adecuados de vigilancia.

  1. La imagen es la esencia: dialéctica de lo visual y cultura precolombina en Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Pezzé

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available One of most important features of Neobarrocco is its cultural relation with images. This article, basing itself on Michel Foucault’s analysis of Las Meninas and on the Bolívar Echeverría’s Ethos barroco , aims to analyze the relation between image, the object of the portrait and observer in the poetry of Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Our objective is to understand as text puts that relation into poetry without reducing itself to a simple caption.

  2. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz o las trampas de la fe: una fábula intelectual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Quijano Velasco

    2014-06-01

    This article investigates the biographical relation that Octavio Paz establishes with Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz in Las trampas de la fe. Through the specific case of this novospanic nun’s biography, the article proposes a reflection on the conditions that make possible the biographical operation, the aim of which is to make a veracity pact. The article is divided in two parts: the first one analyses Sor Juana’s figure and actions through the construction of her intellectual vocation; the second part analyses Paz’s institutional location, which backs up an defines his work as a major intellectual figure of Mexico’s XXth Century.

  3. Autoconstrucción y ausencia del Otro. Un estudio de La muerte de Artemio Cruz desde una perspectiva psicoanalítica

    OpenAIRE

    Lorgen, Nathalie Maria

    2016-01-01

    Los temas de esta tesis de maestría son la identidad, con un enfoque en la autoconstrucción, y la ausencia del Otro en la novela del autor mexicano Carlos Fuentes La muerte de Artemio Cruz (en la tesis usaré la abreviación MAC para hablar de esta obra). En primera instancia hablaré de la estructura tripartita de secuencias con voces distintas, éstas siendo respectivamente yo", tú" y él", y cómo el uso de pronombres personales diferentes refleja una fragmentaci...

  4. REGIONAL DYNAMICS ORGANIZATION OF URBAN LABOR MARKETS: AN ANALYSIS FROM THE LABOR MARKETS IN THE TOWNS OF MICRO-REGION OF SANTA CRUZ DO SUL (RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Andre Cadoná

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes how regional development dynamics affect the organization of labor markets, but also the working conditions of people living labor. Taking as empirical reference research conducted in towns of micro-region of Santa Cruz do Sul (RS, whose economy is heavily dependent on tobacco agro-industrial production, attentive to how regional particularities contribute to defining the forms of employability and the use of force-of-work, but also and even the forms of unemployment. Keywords: Regional dynamics. Labor market. Employment. Unemployment. Working conditions.

  5. Spatial and temporal variation of fault slip and distributed off-fault deformation, Santa Cruz Mountains, central California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horsman, E. M.; Graymer, R. W.

    2010-12-01

    The Santa Cruz Mountains of central California record a lengthy history of deformation, including slip on the dextral San Andreas Fault (SAF) system and off-fault deformation manifested by both slip on secondary faults as well as distributed strain. This complex history provides insight into regional deformation processes operating both before and after initiation of the SAF. We focus here on deformation SW of the SAF, where several distinct, fault-bounded crustal blocks record different histories. We evaluate the magnitude and significance of off-fault deformation SW of the SAF by considering spatial and temporal relationships between slip on secondary faults and distributed deformation. To conduct the analysis we combine a synthesis of the slip histories of five important regional faults with a new dataset constraining spatial and temporal variation of regional deformation magnitude. This new dataset is based on shortening measurements of several major unconformities compiled from more than 60 cross sections from the region. To estimate strain magnitude recorded by older surfaces, we progressively subtract shortening magnitude of young markers from older markers. Because uncertainties grow for older surfaces, this method is most reliable for younger surfaces. Results of the analysis demonstrate that strain magnitude recorded by several unconformity-bound sedimentary packages of different ages is largest within about 5 km of the SAF, providing evidence of long-term deformation partitioning near this major structure. This pattern of distributed deformation partitioning near faults is also apparent but less pronounced near the secondary faults SW of the SAF. When considering spatial and temporal ties between regional deformation and slip on secondary faults, no simple pattern emerges. Fault activity is highly variable in both space and time. Additionally, fault activity at any one time is highly localized; one fault may be active while a nearby structure is inactive

  6. El papel de la OIM y la Cruz Roja Colombiana, en el proceso de retorno de colombianos. Estudio de caso: Frontera entre el departamento de La Guajira y el estado de Zulia (2012-2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Brito Chiquillo, Johennys Genith

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación tiene como objetivo principal examinar como la coordinación de las acciones de la Organización Internacional de Migraciones y la Cruz Roja Colombiana ha llevado a que se dé una reintegración de los retornados colombianos en la frontera ubicada entre el departamento de La Guajira y el estado de Zulia (2012-2014). Teniendo como conclusión principal que La OIM y la Cruz Roja colombiana no están coordinando sus acciones para ayudar a la reintegración socioeconómica de lo...

  7. Cambios en los usos y sentidos del espacio social en la urbanización Santa Cruz : consideraciones en torno a la gentrificación, el boom gastronómico y la subalternidad

    OpenAIRE

    Consiglieri Nieri, Natalia

    2016-01-01

    Estudio la urbanización Santa Cruz, en el distrito de Miraflores, ciudad de Lima, en tanto espacio social en transformación. Desde hace unos 15 años -en el contexto del neoliberalismo, el crecimiento económico y el aumento de negocios gastronómicos- la zona ha dado un giro comercial caracterizado por la creación de negocios, principalmente restaurantes y tiendas de diseño, orientados a un público externo con mayor capacidad de consumo del que reside en Santa Cruz. Ello viene ...

  8. Living in an estuary: Commerson's dolphin (Cephalorhynchus commersonii (Lacépède, 1804, habitat use and behavioural pattern at the Santa Cruz River, Patagonia, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocio Loizaga de Castro

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Commerson's dolphins, Cephalorhynchus commersonii, suffer bycatch in fisheries and are target of dolphin-watching activities along Patagonia. Here we described dolphins' habitat use and behavioural pattern at the estuary of Santa Cruz River. Behavioural observations were made from vantage points using a spotting scope. Boat surveys were conducted randomly from Puerto Santa Cruz to the mouth of the river to analyze the habitat use. The survey area was divided into 1 km² cells and characterized with depth and benthic slope. The described behaviours for the Commerson's dolphin were: travelling, slow travelling, milling, resting, socializing, stationary swimming and diving. A new behavioural context was assigned to diving, a behaviour that showed a high frequency during downing tide, suggesting a benthic foraging strategy. Additionally, we found a strong influence of the tide on Commerson's dolphin behaviour. Habitat use models indicated that dolphins prefer shallow water inside the estuary. The knowledge of the behavioural patterns and the habitat use of these endemic species, in this unexplored area, provide tools for management and conservation purposes.

  9. Evaluation of the potential expansiveness of soils in the Hermanos Cruz neighbourhood, Pinar del Rio, Cuba: a contribution to urban planning

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chinthaka-Ganepola, G.A.; Mohammed, A. S.; Ordaz Hernandez, A.; Estevez Cruz, E.; Hernandez Santana, J.R.

    2016-07-01

    Expansive soils can be categorized as one of the geohazards observed in the urban environment, representing a silent hazard to buildings and infrastructure. To evaluate this problematic soil it is necessary to know some of its geotechnical properties. Generally, the average values of soil properties are used in the methods which characterize the geological formation and the lithological group, which causes a great degree of uncertainty. To overcome this problem, this study proposes a procedure for estimating and modelling the principle soil properties that have an impact on expansive soils. The selected case study is located in the Hermanos Cruz neighbourhood in the city of Pinar del Rio in Cuba. The investigation was organized into the following stages: primary assessment of the potential expansiveness of the soils, modelling of the soil properties utilizing 3D geostatistical methods and finally the cartographic representation of the potential Expansiveness of soils on a Geographic Information System (GIS) platform at different depth zones which are of importance in the construction of shallow foundations of engineering works. The application of this methodology in the Hermanos Cruz neighbourhood revealed that its soils possess a potential expansiveness of low to medium, apart from some isolated zones which show a potential expansiveness of medium to high. (Author)

  10. Paleodietas humanas en el sur del Golfo San Jorge (provincia de Santa Cruz a partir del análisis de isótopos estables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zilio, Leandro

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan datos cronológicos y de isótopos estables de δ15N y δ13C de colágeno y apatita de restos óseos humanos provenientes del sector santacruceño del golfo San Jorge. El objetivo es explorar la importancia relativa del consumo de recursos marinos y terrestres durante el Holoceno tardío en la dieta de las poblaciones cazadoras-recolectoras. Los resultados se discuten en el marco de las investigaciones previas realizadas en el sector meridional de la costa norte de Santa Cruz, entre la ría Deseado y la localidad Bahía Laura. En concordancia con lo esperado, los datos isotópicos obtenidos corresponden al rango de valores disponibles para el área señalando dietas fundamentalmente mixtas a lo largo del Holoceno tardío. En el marco de esta investigación, se caracterizó demográfica y morfológicamente a la colección bioantropológica del Museo del Hombre y su Entorno de la ciudad de Caleta Olivia, Santa Cruz, contribuyendo al proceso de puesta en valor y acondicionamiento de las colecciones depositadas en instituciones locales.

  11. El linaje de Cristo a la luz del “giro genealógico” del siglo XV. La respuesta de Juana de la Cruz (1481-1534

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz Fernández, Ángela

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This research revolves around the sermon on Saint Anne in El Conhorte by Juana de la Cruz, focusing on imagery in the text about life and generation that supports the importance of maternal genealogies. Using this evidence as point of departure, this sermon is used as an example of shifting currents of opinion in female convents related to the Querelle des Femmes, currents of opinion that interacted with the main social and cultural debates of the period. These debates were closely related to the socalled “genealogical turn” which Iberian societies underwent in the 15th century.Este trabajo se articula en torno al sermón de Santa Ana de El Conhorte de Juana de la Cruz. Su temática incide en imágenes de vida y generación y defiende el peso de las genealogías maternas. A partir de esta evidencia, se plantea su estudio como exponente del desarrollo en el mundo de los conventos femeninos de corrientes de opinión relacionadas con la Querella de las Mujeres que interactuaron con los principales focos del debate social y cultural de su época, debates que guardaron relación con el llamado “giro genealógico” que experimentaron las sociedades ibéricas en el siglo XV.

  12. Hepatitis C: evaluation of outcomes and georeferencing of cases in Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil, between 2002 and 2015. A cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Possuelo, Lia Goncalves; Perin, Daiane; Breunig, Patricia Faber; Schroeder, Daniel Felipe; Allgayer, Manuela Filter; Darsie, Camilo; Carneiro, Marcelo; Hermes, Vanda; Renner, Jane Dagmar Pollo

    2017-12-18

    Hepatitis C virus infection is one of the main causes of chronic liver disease, with high death rates. The aim here was to analyze case outcomes, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and spatial distribution among patients diagnosed with hepatitis C in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul (RS), Brazil. Cross-sectional study on 200 cases of hepatitis C in Santa Cruz do Sul that were notified between 2002 and 2015. Secondary data including sociodemographic and clinical variables and type of outcome (death, follow-up, abandonment or clinical cure) were gathered. The spatial distribution analysis on hepatitis C virus cases according to outcome was based on information regarding residential address. 58.5% of the patients were 41 years of age and over, 67% were males and 92.5% had the chronic form of the disease. The most frequent transmission route was illicit drug injection (29%); 15.1% of the patients presented coinfection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Regarding outcomes, 31% achieved clinical cure, 10% died and 20% abandoned follow-up. The cases studied were mainly located in regions of the city characterized by lower socioeconomic status, with high frequency of places used for drug trafficking. The population consisted of adults aged 41 years and over, mostly with chronic hepatitis C. The most common transmission routes were illicit drug injection and blood transfusions. There were high rates of HIV coinfection and abandonment of disease monitoring and predominance of cases in neighborhoods with low socioeconomic status.

  13. Territorio y ganadería en la Patagonia Argentina: desertificación y rentabilidad en la Meseta Central de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larry Andrade

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo revisa brevemente las características que asume el proceso de desertificación en la Patagonia Austral, con énfasis en la provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina. Se hacen referencias a la ocupación del territorio santacruceño por el ganado ovino, a fines del siglo XIX y con más intensidad a principios del siglo XX, y el impacto que ello conllevó, especialmente el desencadenamiento de un proceso erosivo (desertificación, producido básicamente por el pastoreo constante (sobrepastoreo del pastizal natural. También se encuentran referencias al sector ganadero y su participación en el producto bruto geográfico (PBG de Santa Cruz y, hacia el final, un análisis comparativo de la cantidad de animales que el productor estima que puede sostener en su campo y la cantidad que el Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA, con base en relevamientos de pastizal, calcula que podría mantener.

  14. Formação em Enfermagem na Cruz Vermelha Brasileira na década de 1940: uma abordagem Foucaultiana*

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márcia Cristina da Cruz Mecone

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO Objetivos Identificar e analisar os enunciados discursivos que caracterizam a formação de RH em enfermagem, na década de 1940 pela Cruz Vermelha Brasileira. Método A abordagem das fontes documentais se deu através dos pressupostos do Método Histórico, problematizado a partir do pensamento de Michel Foucault. Resultados Historicamente, a formação dos recursos humanos (RH em enfermagem, sobretudo na década de 1940, foi influenciada por um modelo peculiar de ensino, o militar. A Cruz Vermelha Brasileira vinculava-se ao Ministério da Guerra e a formação em enfermagem tinha ênfase na conduta moral, na disciplina, no respeito à hierarquia, que culminava na produção de “corpos dóceis” femininos na enfermagem. Os atributos esperados da enfermeira se constituíam na tríade da formação da identidade profissional à época: abnegação, disciplina e obediência. Conclusão O referido modelo reverbera práticas na formação ainda arraigadas na atualidade, seja no âmbito da gestão, da assistência e do ensino na enfermagem.

  15. Análise retrospectiva das urografias excretoras em um serviço de radiologia de um hospital geral

    OpenAIRE

    Nacif,Marcelo Souto; Jauregui,Gustavo Federico; Mendonça Neto,Alderico; Boechat,Ana Paula; Mello,Ricardo Andrade Fernandes de; Tostes,Rodrigo Bastos; Cruz,Flávio Carvalho; Santos,Alair Augusto Sarmet Moreira Damas dos

    2004-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Fazer uma revisão de 225 exames de urografia excretora, analisando estatisticamente as principais alterações relacionadas com o trato urinário, e reafirmar a utilidade do método. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo e descritivo realizado a partir de levantamento de 225 exames de urografia excretora realizados no período de 2/1/2002 a 29/11/2002, no Serviço de Radiologia do Hospital Santa Cruz da Beneficência Portuguesa de Niterói. RESULTADOS: Do total de 225 exames, 173 (76,9%...

  16. LA ACTIVIDAD TURÍSTICA EN LA PROVINCIA DE SANTA CRUZ Y SU IMPRONTA EN EL ESPACIO. EL CASO DE EL CALAFATE Y EL CHALTÉN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica Viviana Norambuena

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda las transformaciones espaciales sufridas en los asentamientos humanos del área cordillerana de la provincia de Santa Cruz producto de la actividad turística particularmente en los del departamento Lago Argentino. El Chaltén y El Calafate son los asentamientos que desarrollan el turismo como base de su economía. El incremento de la actividad se debe a los cambios en el sistema productivo provincial en las últimas décadas, netamente ganadero en El Calafate a principios y mediados del siglo XX. Asimismo, las razones geopolíticas que dieron origen a El Chaltén, hoy han pasado a ser parte de su historia, ya que el turismo es la principal actividad que desarrolla el asentamiento. Esta actividad en la provincia se ha incrementado a partir de la década del 1990 impulsada por los Estados nacional, provincial y municipal que llevan adelante políticas de promoción en el sector. Por otra parte, en estos asentamientos, el auge turístico trae aparejado consecuencias sociales y ambientales dado el crecimiento acelerado de los mismos en cuanto a la población que se radica, la falta de infraestructura básica y equipamiento son los principales sin dejar de mencionar la especulación inmobiliaria. El objetivo del presente trabajo es analizar las transformaciones espaciales en los asentamientos del oeste de la provincia de Santa Cruz particularmente los del departamento Lago Argentino a partir del incremento de la actividad turística en el área en las últimas décadas. Teóricamente, se recurrió a Roberto C. Boullón en Planificación del espacio turístico, a diferentes apuntes de Eduardo Salinas Chávez, y a Leslie Scovenna en el Gran Libro de Santa Cruz entre otras. Se utilizaron diversas páginas en Internet información proporcionada por la Subsecretaria de Turismo de la Provincia de Santa Cruz. Para el análisis de las transformaciones se realizo una caracterización del emplazamiento de los asentamientos en cuesti

  17. Hospitality Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA.

    A project was conducted at College of the Canyons (Valencia, California) to initiate a new 2-year hospitality program with career options in hotel or restaurant management. A mail and telephone survey of area employers in the restaurant and hotel field demonstrated a need for, interest in, and willingness to provide internships for such a program.…

  18. Academic Hospitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phipps, Alison; Barnett, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    Academic hospitality is a feature of academic life. It takes many forms. It takes material form in the hosting of academics giving papers. It takes epistemological form in the welcome of new ideas. It takes linguistic form in the translation of academic work into other languages, and it takes touristic form through the welcome and generosity with…

  19. Ensaios terapêuticos com penicilina: IV - Bouba - (Framboesia, pian, yaws: tratamento das ulcerações gomosas, periostites, osteites áreas de rarefação óssea e gangoza (Rhinopharyngitis mutilans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Nery Guimarães

    1945-04-01

    Full Text Available Six patients of terciary yaws, were treated with Penicillin in small dosis at Evandro Chagas Hospital of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute. The lesions presented by the patients were: gummatous ulcerations, periostitis, osteitis, osteoporosis and gangoza (rhinopharyngitis mutilans. In all cases, clinic recovery were obtained, the time of treatment varying from 2 to 8 months. The total amount of oxford units 'per" subject varied from 48.000 to 586.800 Patients with bone lesions, ever after the treatment, has not showed complete recomposition of the bone structure, ever so aparently healing and with negative sorologics tests. Identical results has been observed in patient showing the same lesions and treated with neo-arsphenamine. The patients are still under observations at the Hospital.

  20. Avaliação de clones de bananeira do subgrupo Cavendish (Musa acuminata, AAA em Cruz das Almas-BA Evaluation of banana Cavendish clones in Cruz das Almas City, Bahia State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastião de Oliveira e Silva

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Foram avaliados em Cruz das Almas-BA, em dois ciclos, 69 clones Cavendish coletados em São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Bahia e Santa Catarina, sendo 49 do tipo Nanicão e 20 do tipo Grande Naine. Os clones foram estabelecidos em área experimental da Embrapa Mandioca e Fruticultura utilizando-se um delineamento em blocos ao acaso com cinco repetições e cinco plantas por parcela. Foram utilizados a irrigação por microaspersão, o espaçamento de 3,0 m x 2,0 m e um sistema de condução com três plantas/touceira. Os requerimentos agronômicos foram aplicados conforme preconizados para o cultivo. Na avaliação dos clones, foram consideradas as seguintes variáveis: altura da planta em centímetros (AP; número de dias do plantio à colheita (ND; peso do cacho em quilogramas (PC; número de frutos por cacho (NF; e comprimento do fruto em centímetros (CF. Pelos resultados obtidos, verificou-se uma variabilidade média em todas as variáveis avaliadas. Por apresentarem caracteres superiores, foram selecionados cinco clones de Grande Naine (G.N. Taperão, G.N.Rossete, G.N. Willians, G.N. Magário, G.N. SC-074 e quatro de Nanicão (N. IAC Abóbada Verde, N. Rossete, N. SC-0008 e N. SC-063.Sixty-nine clones of Cavendish type bananas (49 Nanicão and 20 Grande Naine collected in the States of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, Bahia and Santa Catarina were evaluated. The clones were established in an experimental area at the Cassava and Fruit Crops Research Center - EMBRAPA, using micro-aspersion irrigation, in plants spaced at 3.0 m x 2.0 m, and conducted with three plants/bushes. Random blocks were used with five replications and five plants per plot. All cultural requirements for the crop were carried out. For the clone evaluations, the following variables were considered: plant height in centimeters (PH; number of days from planting to yield (ND; weight of bunch in kilograms (WB; number of fruits per bunch (FB and length of fruit in centimeters (LF. The

  1. High Resolution Mapping of an Alleged Chemical Weapons Dump Site in the Santa Cruz Basin, offshore California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, P. G.; Peltzer, E. T.; Walz, P. M.; Caress, D. W.; Thomas, H. J.

    2013-12-01

    Nautical charts record seven locations off the coast of California labeled as 'Chemical Munitions Dumping Area, Disused' that together cover some 12,000 km2 of sea floor. However only one such chemical munitions site is officially documented and no record exists of any chemical munitions disposed of at other locations, thus creating confusion. We have executed a one day AUV mapping survey of a corner of one such site in the Santa Cruz Basin, south of Port Hueneme, to examine and investigate the debris field. The region is covered with soft sediment and the overlying water is very low in oxygen at ~10 μmol/kg. The processed 110 kHz sidescan data revealed some 754 targets in 25.6 km2 for an average of 29 targets per km2. This was followed by two ROV dives to investigate the targets identified. We found but one false positives among the over 40 targets visited, and found items ranging from two distinct lines of unmarked or labeled and now empty barrels, two target drones, and much miscellaneous debris including 4-packs of cat food cans and a large ships mast over 30m in length. There was zero evidence of chemical weapons materiel as expected given the lack of official records. Almost all of the targets were covered in dense and colorful assemblages of invertebrates: sponges, anemones, and crabs. Where barrels were sufficiently open for full visual inspection, the interior sea floor appeared to have become fully anoxic and was covered in white and yellow bacterial mat. The area chosen for our survey (centered at 33.76 deg N 119.56 deg W) was across the north western boundary of the marked site, and represents only ~ 10% percent of the designated area. Our expectation, that human nature would drive the disposal activities to the nearest corner of the chosen area rather than the center of the field appears to have been confirmed. Objects were found both within and outside of the boundary of the dump site. We have not surveyed the full marked area but there appears to be

  2. [Evaluation of the efficiency and quality of hospitals publicly owned with private management and hospitals of the public sector].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giraldes, Maria Do Rosário

    2007-01-01

    , and by the Garcia de Orta Hospital, which are the less efficient hospitals. In Group V, with central hospitals and hospitals with functions of central hospital, it is the Hospital of Vila Real/Régua, EPE, to present the best situation of the Composite Efficiency Indicator, followed by the Santo António Hospital, EPE, the Santa Maria Hospital, EPE, and the HUC, while the hospitals with a worst situation of the Composite Efficiency Indicator are the Hospitals of Faro, Evora and S. José. In Group VI hospitals with a better Composite Efficiency Indicator are the hospitals of Santa Marta, Gama Pinto Institute and Orthopedic Hospital of Outão, while the Estefânia Hospital is the most inefficient. Tondela, Valongo and Peniche Hospitals (Group I), have a good value of the Composite Efficiency and Quality Indicator, while Barcelos, Oliveira de Azeméis and Póvoa de Varzim/Vila do Conde Hospitals (Group II) present also good values of this indicator. The Hospitals of Vila Franca de Xira, Bragança and Setúbal (Group III), the Hospitals of Santarém, Garcia de Orta, and Curry Cabral (Group IV), the Hospital of Vila Real/Régua, the Egas Moniz Hospital and the Santa Maria Hospital (Group V), and the Gama Pinto Institute, the Orthopedic Hospital of Outão, and the Santa Cruz Hospital (Group VI) are the best classified in their groups. EPE Hospitals (Hospitals publicly owned with private management) are the best classified in their groups in what efficiency is concerned, what is a better result tan the one shown in 2003. The lower inequality in relation to management indicators, in all hospital groups, exists in the areas of expenditure with inpatient care by user, what shows the existence of a norm of proceeding, in this traditional hospital area. The higher inequalities are those of day hospital, drugs in day hospital, drugs in outpatient care and rehabilitation by user. In what management indicators are concerned incentives must be created. The most efficient hospitals

  3. [The history of Biblioteca de Manguinhos and its rare collections].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bortoletto, Maria Elide

    2002-01-01

    This article narrates the creation of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Biblioteca de Manguinhos Library) and its rare collections of books, magazines, journals, brochures, leaflets and theses, important publications on the history of biological sciences and health from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. It also describes the rich original ornaments and decoration of the library room and its furniture. It recovers the history of the library these past hundred years, which is closely associated to the history of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.

  4. Hospitality and hostility in hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tina Blegind; Aanestad, Margunn

    2007-01-01

    propose to use the concepts of hospitality and hostility to turn our attention to the interaction between the host (the surgeons) and the guest (the information system) and consider how the boundaries between them evolved in the everyday work practices. As an alternative to previous studies on technology......The purpose of this paper is to discuss the adoption of healthcare information systems (HIS) from a user perspective. Our case study concerns how a group of orthopaedic surgeons experienced and reacted to the adoption and mandatory use of an Electronic Patient Record system in a Danish hospital. We...... adoption, these concepts help us appreciate and put special emphasis on particular aspects of the adoption process: the mutual and co-constitutive relationship between the users and the technology and the continued coexistence of both positive and negative attitudes among the users. The findings suggest...

  5. Estudo da vegetação como subsídios para propostas de recuperação das nascentes da bacia hidrográfica do ribeirão Santa Cruz, Lavras, MG Study of the vegetation as subsidy for reclamation proposals for the springs of the Santa Cruz river watershed, Lavras, MG Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilian Vilela Andrade Pinto

    2005-10-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste estudo foram conhecer a composição florística do estrato arbóreo e regenerativo das nascentes da bacia hidrográfica do ribeirão Santa Cruz e selecionar espécies para serem utilizadas na revegetação das nascentes degradadas e perturbadas da bacia. Os levantamentos florístico e estrutural foram realizados em 12 nascentes. Para a comparação do perfil florístico entre as nascentes, empregaram-se a análise de correspondência retificada (DCA e a análise de agrupamento de Cluster. A vegetação do estrato arbóreo apresentou maior diversidade nas nascentes perturbadas em relação às degradadas, assim como nas nascentes pontuais em relação às difusas. A similaridade florística do estrato regenerativo entre as nascentes de mesma categoria permitiu inferir que se devem utilizar espécies preferenciais em cada estado de conservação (perturbado ou degradado e condições do ambiente (solo úmido ou bem drenado nos programas de recuperação das áreas de preservação permanente das nascentes da bacia hidrográfica do ribeirão Santa Cruz.The objectives of this study were to survey the floristic composition of the arboreal and regenerative stratum of the headwaters of the Santa Cruz River watershed and to select species to be used for reforestation of degraded and disturbed headwaters of the watershed. The floristic and structural surveys were carried out in twelve headwaters. Detrended correspondence analysis (DCA and cluster analysis were used to compare the floristic profile among the headwaters. The vegetation of the arboreal stratum presented higher diversity in the disturbed than in the degraded headwaters, as well as in the punctual than in the diffuse springs. The floristic similarity of the regenerative stratum among the headwaters of the same category allowed to infer that preferential species should be used for each state of conservation (disturbed or degraded and environmental condition (humid or well

  6. Chapter I: Geology of a Middle Tertiary Clay Deposit in thePatagonia Mountains near Harshaw, Santa Cruz County, Southeastern Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houser, Brenda B.

    2005-01-01

    A middle Tertiary rhyolite tuff on the northeast side of the Patagonia Mountains in Santa Cruz County, southeastern Arizona contains lenses of calcareous low-swelling montmorillonite clay, as much as 10 to 15 m thick. The presence of the tuff has been known for years, but the clay has not been described previously. The clay lenses, which are virtually silt- and sand-free, were probably formed by diagenetic alteration of fairly clean ash-fall-tuff beds. In preliminary tests, the clay exhibited only about 9 percent shrinkage on drying and about 1 percent shrinkage on firing. Cracking and distortion were minimal in both drying and firing. Further testing needs to be done on the clay to determine its suitability as a specialty clay or as an additive to other clays.

  7. Groundwater-quality data in the Santa Cruz, San Gabriel, and Peninsular Ranges Hard Rock Aquifers study unit, 2011-2012: results from the California GAMA program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Tracy A.; Shelton, Jennifer L.

    2014-01-01

    Groundwater quality in the 2,400-square-mile Santa Cruz, San Gabriel, and Peninsular Ranges Hard Rock Aquifers (Hard Rock) study unit was investigated by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) from March 2011 through March 2012, as part of the California State Water Resources Control Board (SWRCB) Groundwater Ambient Monitoring and Assessment (GAMA) Program’s Priority Basin Project (PBP). The GAMA-PBP was developed in response to the California Groundwater Quality Monitoring Act of 2001 and is being conducted in collaboration with the SWRCB and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL). The Hard Rock study unit was the 35th study unit to be sampled as part of the GAMA-PBP.

  8. Atmospheric corrosion in subtropical areas: XRD and electrochemical study of zinc atmospheric corrosion products in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Islands, Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morales, J. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)]. E-mail: jmorales@ull.es; Diaz, F. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Hernandez-Borges, J. [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain); Gonzalez, S. [Departamento de Quimica Fisica, Universidad de La Laguna, 38071 La Laguna, Tenerife (Spain)

    2006-02-15

    In the present paper, zinc sheets have been exposed for 4 years to the action of different atmospheres in 35 test sites located in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. Corrosion products formed on the surface of the samples have been identified by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD) for the first and second year of exposure. Zincite, hydrozincite, simonkolleite, zinc chlorohydroxysulphate, zinc oxysulphate and zinc hydroxysulphate have been identified in the test sheets. Preliminary results of an electrochemical study of the breakdown potential of zinc samples are also presented in order to test the protective effect of the film formed on the surface of the samples. It was found that the protective effect of this film increases linearly with exposure time.

  9. «La dicha de poseer»: deseos y retratos en sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez Santacruz, Francisco

    2017-01-01

    Dans la production lyrique de Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, la poésie amoureuse adressée à la Comtesse de Paredes occupe une place privilégiée. Les poèmes qui offrent un portrait, tantôt littéraire, tantôt réel de l’ex-Vice-Reine sont à cet égard particulièrement remarquables. Le présent article étudie le discours du désir dans trois poèmes qui ébauchent un portrait réel: deux de ces compositions (les pièces 126 et 127) n’ont pas fait l’objet jusqu’à présent d’une véritable étude critique en dép...

  10. Swath Bathymetry Surveys of the Monterey Bay Area from Point Ano Nuevo to Moss Landing, San Mateo, Santa Cruz, and Monterey Counties, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Andrew C.; Finlayson, David P.; Logan, Joshua B.

    2010-01-01

    This report describes swath bathymetry and backscatter data acquired by the U.S. Geological Survey on the continental shelf within the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary between Point A?o Nuevo and Moss Landing, in San Mateo, Santa Cruz, and Monterey Counties, Calif. The survey was done for the California Seafloor Mapping Program (CSMP), in field activities S-7-09-MB and S-10-09-MB, by the Western Coastal and Marine Geology (WCMG) Team of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS). The data were aquired in two seperate surveys: (1) between August 13, 2009 and September 3, 2009, personnel from WCMG completed field activity S-7-09-MB, from Point A?o Nuevo south to Table Rock, as well as a block west of Soquel Canyon; (2) between October 12 and December 16, 2009, WCMG conducted field activity S-10-09-MB, surveying between Table Rock and Moss Landing.

  11. Avaliação de modelos de estimativa da radiação solar incidente em Cruz das Almas, Bahia

    OpenAIRE

    Borges,Valéria P.; Oliveira,Aureo S. de; Coelho Filho,Maurício A.; Silva,Tibério S. M. da; Pamponet,Bruce M.

    2010-01-01

    Em estudos agroambientais a radiação solar incidente (Rs) é uma das mais importantes variáveis meteorológicas. Na ausência de dados observados de Rs é possível estimá-los mediante modelos. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar modelos baseados na temperatura do ar para estimativa diária de Rs nas condições do Recôncavo Sul da Bahia. Utilizaram-se dados de Rs do período de 2004 a 2006, medidos por uma estação meteorológica automática pertencente ao INMET, instalada em Cruz das Almas, Bahia. Como...

  12. Natural and anthropogenic factors affecting the structure of the benthic macroinvertebrate community in an effluent-dominated reach of the Santa Cruz River, AZ

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyle, T.P.; Fraleigh, H.D.

    2003-01-01

    This study provides an assessment of the ecological conditions of a 46-km effluent-dominated stream section of the Santa Cruz River in the vicinity of the International Waste Water Treatment Plant, Nogales, AZ. We associated changes in the structure of the macroinvertebrate community to natural and anthropogenic chemical and physical variables using multivariate analysis. The analysis shows that biological criteria for effluent-dominated streams can be established using macroinvertebrate community attributes only with an understanding of the contribution of three classes of variables on the community structure: (1) low flow hydrological discharge as affected by groundwater withdrawals, treatment plant discharge, and subsurface geomorphology; (2) chemical composition of the treatment plant discharge and natural dilution; and (3) naturally produced floods resulting from seasonality of precipitation. ?? 2003 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. Acción bactericida de la laguna minero-medicinal "Santa Cruz de las Salinas" Chilca, Lima-Perú

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Chacón Roldán

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente estudio trata de la acción bactericida in vitro e in vivo del agua de la laguna minero-medicinal "Santa Cruz de las Salinas", Chilca. Investigaciones realizadas en el período Febrero 1977 -Julio 1979 en el Instituto de Salud, Lima, han probado que esta agua ejerce acción bacteriostática y bactericida sobre un germen altamente patógeno para el organismo humano de tipo Gram negativo (Cepa So/mone/Ia typhy TY2. Pruebas de toxicidad de esta agua en el organismo animal se han hecho inoculando 2 grupos de ratones por vías endovenosa e intraperitoneal, demostrando que no ejerce acción tóxica, más bien produce una acción estimulante sobre las células sanguíneas. Se han elaborado 17 Cuadros y 37 figuras.

  14. Production of sulfur gases and carbon dioxide by synthetic weathering of crushed drill cores from the Santa Cruz porphyry copper deposit near Casa Grande, Pinal County, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinkle, M.E.; Ryder, J.L.; Sutley, S.J.; Botinelly, T.

    1990-01-01

    Samples of ground drill cores from the southern part of the Santa Cruz porphyry copper deposit, Casa Grande, Arizona, were oxidized in simulated weathering experiments. The samples were also separated into various mineral fractions and analyzed for contents of metals and sulfide minerals. The principal sulfide mineral present was pyrite. Gases produced in the weathering experiments were measured by gas chromatography. Carbon dioxide, oxygen, carbonyl sulfide, sulfur dioxide and carbon disulfide were found in the gases; no hydrogen sulfide, organic sulfides, or mercaptans were detected. Oxygen concentration was very important for production of the volatiles measured; in general, oxygen concentration was more important to gas production than were metallic element content, sulfide mineral content, or mineral fraction (oxide or sulfide) of the sample. The various volatile species also appeared to be interactive; some of the volatiles measured may have been formed through gas reactions. ?? 1990.

  15. INTERROGACIÓN Y ARGUMENTACIÓN EN LA CARTA ATENAGÓRICA DE SOR JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ

    OpenAIRE

    Márlom Fermín Pérez Villegas; Moisés Damián Perales Escudero; Eyder Gabriel Sima Lozano; Amparo Reyes Velázquez

    2017-01-01

    Los estudios argumentativos de la Carta Atenagórica revelan que existe un vacío en el análisis de ciertas estrategias, como los enunciados interrogativos. Este trabajo, a través del modelo de Toulmin, explora la función de aquellos desde una perspectiva pragmática, para conocer su intención e impacto argumentativo en el texto. Pero el análisis de la estructura identifica también el estilo retórico que Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz usó para responder a sus oponentes, además de su derecho como...

  16. Los recursos naturales y culturales, 28 de Noviembre, Güer Aike, Santa Cruz: su importancia turística y patrimonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Tamara Paillán

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo, tiene por objetivo, identificar los recursos naturales y culturales, que puedan contribuir al desarrollo integral, de la localidad 28 de Noviembre, en la Provincia de Santa Cruz. Esta región contiene recursos naturales muy variados, entre los que se destacan los geológicos, forestales y faunisticos. Y a pesar de ser una localidad relativamente joven, cuenta con una historia cultural muy interesante, posiblemente porque la población del lugar proviene de diferentes lugares del país y del exterior. Ademas se consideran las diferentes actividades económicas de la región, con el propósito de revalorar e incorporar nuevas actividades que impulsen el desarrollo local basadas en lo natural, tradicional, y en las innovaciones tecnológicas del sector.

  17. Echinococcus vogeli Rausch and Bernstein, 1972, from the paca, Cuniculus paca L. (Rodentia: Dasyproctidae), in the Departamento de Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gardner, S L; Rausch, R L; Camacho, O C

    1988-06-01

    Among approximately 2,000 mammals examined for helminths in various regions of Bolivia during 1983-1987, cysts of Echinococcus vogeli Rausch and Bernstein, 1972, were found in a single paca, Cuniculus paca L., collected at La Laguna, Departamento de Santa Cruz (lat. 16 degrees 36'W; long. 62 degrees 42'S). This record, the first from Bolivia, represents a considerable extension of the known geographic range of this species in South America. Upon analysis of the morphologic characteristics of the protoscoleces derived from the cysts, the sizes of rostellar hooks from the material from the paca were found to be well within the ranges reported in previous studies. Statistical analysis of frequency distributions of hook characteristics revealed some deviations from normality. These results indicate that parametric statistics should be applied with caution in analyses of inter-and intraspecific variation of morphologic characteristics of hooks of metacestodes of the genus Echinococcus.

  18. Caracterización del trabajo social en la provincia de Santa Cruz en el contexto socio-histórico de 1970-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Noelia Molina

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo analizo, durante el período comprendido entre 1970 y 1980, las principales características que adquiere la profesión de Trabajo Social y las prácticas profesionales. Mi atención estuvo centrada en el modo en que se configuran las dinámicas del Trabajo Social a partir de la creación del Consejo de Graduados de la Provincia de Santa Cruz. Este hito marca el inicio y posterior desarrollo evolutivo de un nuevo contexto socio-institucional en el cual se inscriben profesión, profesionales y prácticas. Para ello tomé como material de referencia los libros de Actas del organismo donde ha quedado registrado el accionar del Consejo.

  19. Propuesta de plan de acciones para alcanzar la carbono-neutralidad en la Cruz Roja Costarricense del Comité Auxiliar en San Vito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Gómez-Céspedes

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Dentro del contexto de la Estrategia Carbono Neutralidad de Costa Rica, en este estudio se llevó a cabo un inventario de gases efecto invernadero (GEI,se analizaron los requisitos e hicieron recomendaciones necesarias para que el Comité Auxiliar de San Vito de Coto Brus de la Cruz Roja Costarricense diagnostique su posibilidad de convertirse en una organización carbono neutral. Se recopiló información sobre opciones de certificación C-Neutral a nivel nacional. Se tomaron en cuenta las certificaciones INTE/ISO 14064:2006 e INTE/ISO 12-01-06:2011 como referencia para la elaboración del inventario GEI y las recomendaciones para implementación del sistema de gestión de C-Neutro, respectivamente. El inventario se realizó tomando como año base la operación del comité en el 2014. Como resultado del inventario se identificaron las fuentes de GEI y se cuantificó su emisión, según los factores nacionales e internacionales; el total de emisiones se cuantificó en 77,4 toneladas de carbono equivalente (tCO2e, provenientes principalmente de fuentes de combustión de hidrocarburos (flotilla vehicular. También se elaboró un plantilla con las ecuaciones estequiométricas para futuras mediciones de GEI y una matriz de cumplimiento de requisitos y recomendaciones para la eventual certificación del sistema de C-Neutro, de manera que funcione para cualquiera de los comités de Cruz Roja en Costa Rica.

  20. Hepatitis C: evaluation of outcomes and georeferencing of cases in Santa Cruz do Sul, Brazil, between 2002 and 2015. A cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lia Goncalves Possuelo

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus infection is one of the main causes of chronic liver disease, with high death rates. The aim here was to analyze case outcomes, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and spatial distribution among patients diagnosed with hepatitis C in the city of Santa Cruz do Sul (RS, Brazil. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study on 200 cases of hepatitis C in Santa Cruz do Sul that were notified between 2002 and 2015. METHODS: Secondary data including sociodemographic and clinical variables and type of outcome (death, follow-up, abandonment or clinical cure were gathered. The spatial distribution analysis on hepatitis C virus cases according to outcome was based on information regarding residential address. RESULTS: 58.5% of the patients were 41 years of age and over, 67% were males and 92.5% had the chronic form of the disease. The most frequent transmission route was illicit drug injection (29%; 15.1% of the patients presented coinfection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV. Regarding outcomes, 31% achieved clinical cure, 10% died and 20% abandoned follow-up. The cases studied were mainly located in regions of the city characterized by lower socioeconomic status, with high frequency of places used for drug trafficking. CONCLUSION: The population consisted of adults aged 41 years and over, mostly with chronic hepatitis C. The most common transmission routes were illicit drug injection and blood transfusions. There were high rates of HIV coinfection and abandonment of disease monitoring and predominance of cases in neighborhoods with low socioeconomic status.

  1. Biometría del esqueleto postcraneal en muestras del Holoceno tardío de la Cuenca del Lago Salitroso (provincia de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barrientos, Gustavo

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de la presente comunicación es presentar la información osteométrica correspondiente al esqueleto postcraneal de una muestra de 18 individuos adultos de diferente sexo y edad, provenientes la cuenca del lago Salitroso (N.O. de la provincia de Santa Cruz. Los mismos fueron recuperados a partir de la excavación de chenques y hoquedades naturales sobre roca, con un rango de edades radiocarbónicas situado entre ca. 2500 y 300 años AP. El presente estudio se integra a una investigación de mayores alcances orientada a analizar la evolución de las poblaciones humanas del centro-sur de la Patagonia continental durante el Holoceno tardío. En este estudio se consideraron 45 variables métricas correspondientes a 10 unidades anatómicas del esqueleto postcraneano (húmero, radio, cúbito, clavícula, fémur, tibia, peroné, escápula, sacro y coxal. A nivel de la localidad, se establecieron comparaciones basadas en análisis uni y multivariados entre el conjunto de entierros más antiguo (ca. 2500-1800 años AP con el más reciente (ca. 1000-300 años AP, con la finalidad de detectar diferencias significativas entre ambas submuestras cronológicas. Finalmente, se analizaron los datos regionales en relación con la variabilidad registrada en otras muestras de Patagonia continental (Chubut y sur de Santa Cruz y Tierra del Fuego.

  2. Hospitality and prosumption | Ritzer | Research in Hospitality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hospitality and the hospitality industry need to be reevaluated in the era of the new prosumer and smart prosuming machines. Traditional notions of hospitality hearken back to an earlier era and ongoing changes are forcing us to reconsider them. Among those changes are the decline of settings that offer hospitality; the ...

  3. Variabilidade espacial de variáveis geobiofísicas nas nascentes da bacia hidrográfica do Ribeirão Santa Cruz Spatial variability of geobiophysical variables in the springs of the Ribeirão Santa Cruz watershed

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo de C. Alves

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Objetivou-se, em Lavras, MG, caracterizar a estrutura e a magnitude de dependência espacial de variáveis ambientais nas nascentes da bacia hidrográfica do Ribeirão Santa Cruz, por métodos de interpolação geoestatística. Os métodos de interpolação por krigagem ordinária e inverso da potência da distância (IPD foram utilizados para representar altitude, vazão, áreas de recarga e de vegetação de 175 nascentes perenes em 86,99 km² de área. Observou-se melhor desempenho da estimação por krigagem quando comparado ao método IPD.The objective of this study was to characterize the structure and the spatial dependence magnitude of geobiophysical variables in the springs of the Ribeirão Santa Cruz stream watershed, Lavras, MG, using geostatistical interpolation methods. Ordinary kriging system and inverse power distance (IPD interpolation methods were used to map the altitude, flow, areas of recharge and vegetation of 175 perennial springs in an area of 86.99 km². Better peformance was observed with estimation using the kriging method as compared to the IPD method.

  4. Partial pressure (or fugacity) of carbon dioxide, salinity and other variables collected from Surface underway observations using Carbon dioxide (CO2) gas analyzer and other instruments from Santa Cruz in the English Channel, North Atlantic Ocean and others from 2014-01-17 to 2014-02-28 (NCEI Accession 0157404)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NCEI Accession 0157404 includes Surface underway, chemical, meteorological and physical data collected from Santa Cruz in the English Channel, North Atlantic Ocean,...

  5. Processes of Terrace Formation on the Piedmont of the Santa Cruz River Valley During Quaternary Time, Green Valley-Tubac Area, Southeastern Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsey, David A.; Van Gosen, Bradley S.

    2010-01-01

    In this report we describe a series of stepped Quaternary terraces on some piedmont tributaries of the Santa Cruz River valley in southeastern Arizona. These terraces began to form in early Pleistocene time, after major basin-and-range faulting ceased, with lateral planation of basin fill and deposition of thin fans of alluvium. At the end of this cycle of erosion and deposition, tributaries of the Santa Cruz River began the process of dissection and terrace formation that continues to the present. Vertical cutting alternated with periods of equilibrium, during which streams cut laterally and left thin deposits of channel fill. The distribution of terraces was mapped and compiled with adjacent mapping to produce a regional picture of piedmont stream history in the middle part of the Santa Cruz River valley. For selected tributaries, the thickness of terrace fill was measured, particle size and lithology of gravel were determined, and sedimentary features were photographed and described. Mapping of terrace stratigraphy revealed that on two tributaries, Madera Canyon Wash and Montosa Canyon Wash, stream piracy has played an important role in piedmont landscape development. On two other tributaries, Cottonwood Canyon Wash and Josephine Canyon Wash, rapid downcutting preempted piracy. Two types of terraces are recognized: erosional and depositional. Gravel in thin erosional terraces has Trask sorting coefficients and sedimentary structures typical of streamflood deposits, replete with bar-and-swale surface topography on young terraces. Erosional-terrace fill represents the channel fill of the stream that cuts the terrace; the thickness of the fill indicates the depth of channel scour. In contrast to erosional terraces, depositional terraces show evidence of repeated deposition and net aggradation, as indicated by their thickness (as much as 20+ m) and weakly bedded structure. Depositional terraces are common below mountain-front canyon mouths where streams drop their

  6. Caracterización de los rasgos esenciales de la identidad profesional de los trabajadores sociales, que integraban el Consejo de Graduados en Trabajo Social de la Provincia de Santa Cruz, durante los años 1970-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorena Lucia Julieta Meoniz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo da cuenta de los avances realizados en la línea de indagación dedicada al estudio de los rasgos de la identidad profesional de los Trabajadores Sociales adscriptos al Consejo de Graduados en Trabajo Social de la Provincia de Santa Cruz durante los años 1970-1980. Para dicho análisis se tuvo en cuenta los datos y materiales aportados por la sistematización de los Libros de Actas N° 1 y 2 del Consejo Profesional de Graduados en Trabajo Social de la Provincia de Santa Cruz, incluyendo asimismo la lectura de los avances teóricos producidos por el equipo de trabajo del proyecto de investigación en el cual participamos como becadas.

  7. Análise crítica da seriografia do esôfago, estômago e duodeno em um serviço de radilogia de um hospital geral Critical analysis of upper gastrointestinal contrast examinations at a radiology service in a general hospital

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo Souto Nacif; Gustavo Federico Jauregui; Viviane Brady Rocha; Adjane Barcia; Ana Paula Boechat; Alderico Mendonça Neto; Silvio Silva Neto; Ernesto Misael Cintra Osterne; Ricardo Andrade Fernandes de Mello; Alair Augusto Sarmet Moreira Damas dos Santos

    2004-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Foram revisados os exames de seriografia do esôfago, estômago e duodeno (SEED), a fim de demonstrar os principais diagnósticos e achados radiológicos, o atual benefício para o paciente e a viabilidade financeira para os serviços de radiologia. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo e descritivo realizado a partir do levantamento dos exames realizados no período de 6/3/2001 a 12/4/2002 no Serviço de Radiologia do Hospital Santa Cruz da Beneficência Portuguesa de Niterói. RESULTADO...

  8. Concealed basalt-matrix diatremes with Cu-Au-Ag-(Mo)-mineralized xenoliths, Santa Cruz Porphyry Cu-(Mo) System, Pinal County, Arizona

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vikre, Peter; Graybeal, Frederick T.; Koutz, Fleetwood R.

    2014-01-01

    The Santa Cruz porphyry Cu-(Mo) system near Casa Grande, Arizona, includes the Sacaton mine deposits and at least five other concealed, mineralized fault blocks with an estimated minimum resource of 1.5 Gt @ 0.6% Cu. The Late Cretaceous-Paleocene system has been dismembered and rotated by Tertiary extension, partially eroded, and covered by Tertiary-Quaternary basin-fill deposits. The mine and mineralized fault blocks, which form an 11 km (~7 miles) by 1.6 km (~1 mile) NE-SW–trending alignment, represent either pieces of one large deposit, several deposits, or pieces of several deposits. The southwestern part of the known system is penetrated by three or more diatremes that consist of heterolithic breccia pipes with basalt and clastic matrices, and subannular tuff ring and maar-fill sedimentary deposits associated with vents. The tephra and maar-fill deposits, which are covered by ~485 to 910 m (~1,600–3,000 ft) of basin fill, lie on a mid-Tertiary erosion surface of Middle Proterozoic granite and Late Cretaceous porphyry, which compose most xenoliths in pipes and are the host rocks of the system. Some igneous xenoliths in the pipes contain bornite-chalcopyrite-covellite assemblages with hypogene grades >1 wt % Cu, 0.01 ounces per ton (oz/t) Au, 0.5 oz/t Ag, and small amounts of Mo (fluid which, based on fluid inclusion populations in mineralized xenoliths, was saline water and CO2. The large vertical extent (~600 m; ~2,000 ft) of basalt matrix in pipes, near-paleosurface matrix vesiculation, and plastically deformed basalt lapilli indicates that diatreme eruptions were predominantly phreatic.Diatreme xenoliths represent crustal stratigraphy and, as in the Santa Cruz system, provide evidence of concealed mineral resources that can guide exploration drilling through cover. Vectors to the source of bornite-dominant xenoliths containing >1% Cu and significant Au and Ag could be determined by refinement of breccia pipe geometries, by reassembly of mineralized fault

  9. MODELO DE FEMINIDAD DEL SIGLO XVII: CENSURA Y SEÑALAMIENTO. EL CASO DE SOR JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Esmeralda Rivera López

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente trabajo estudia el modelo de mujer propio del siglo XVII en el contexto del llamado periodo de la Colonia en Hispanoamérica, específi camente en la Nueva España (México. En él se revela así la construcción social de la feminidad durante ese periodo, lo que permite posicionar dentro de la cuestión la obra de una de las mujeres más sobresalientes de dicho periodo, sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Revisar los modelos y construcciones del deber ser femenino resulta trascendental si queremos entender el contexto social, cultural y político en el que se desenvolvió esta autora, que es una de las literatas y pensadoras de una época en la cual se negaba a las mujeres el derecho a educarse, y también por censurar y silenciarlas cuando transgredían el espacio público, principalmente masculino. AbstractThis paper focuses on the study of the woman model in seventeenth century in the context of the period called colonization time in Latin America, in New Spain (Mexico specifi cally. In this work, the social construction of femininity is revealed during this period, which has the intention to position the work of one of the most prominent woman of this period, sister Juana Ines de la Cruz. Reviewing the models and the constructions of being female is transcendental if we want to understand the social cultural and political context lived by this author; she is considered as a literate and thinkers from this time when the right to educate was denied to women, and to censor and silence them when they transgressed the public space, mainly male.

  10. Marine Casualty Report. USCGC CUYAHOGA, M/V SANTA CRUZ II (Argentinean): Collision in Chesapeake Bay on 20 October 1978 with Subsequent Sinking of USCGC CUYAHOGA with Loss of Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-07-31

    on a barqe at Portsmouth, Va, on 31 October 1^78. Kmpresa Lineas Maritimas Arqentinas S.A., as owner of M/v SANTA CRUZ II, and Captain Abelardo...Clearance Unit Two, based at Little Creek, Va. CUYAHOGA was lifted by tandem heavy lift derrick barqes on 30 October 1978, in...conditions of deteriorating weather. The vessel was secured on a barqe durinq the hours ot darkness. The Board and representatives

  11. Das Brenhas ao Asfalto - Investigação da Fricção Interétnica das Comunidades Indígenas Transitórias na Cidade de Cruz Alta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudio Carle

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A investigação sobre a criação da Casa de Passagem do índio Kaingang em Cruz Alta.PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Kaingang, Índios, Casa de PassagemABSTRACT:  The inquiry on the creation of the House of Ticket of the Kaingang indian in High Cross.KEY-WORKS: Kaingang, Indians, House of Ticket.

  12. El plan contable diseñado por Francisco Ibáñez Puche para el Colegio Mayor Santa Cruz de la Universidad de Valladolid (1957-1981)

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Guerrero, Ana María; Robles Paramio, María Paz

    2016-01-01

    Restoration in 1942, the Colegio Mayor de Santa Cruz had been a pioneer in enforcing the existing regulations and in writing down its statutes according to them. Regarding to the economic acounting management, its regulation was not very extensive in the different statutes, it focused on topics related to the control such as the elaboration of budgets, accountability balance and the subordination of its accounting to the university.This lack of regulation is in contrast with the characteristi...

  13. Hospital Outpatient PPS Partial Hospitalization Program LDS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) Partial Hospitalization Program LDS This file contains select claim level data and is derived from 2010 claims...

  14. Modelo productivo hegemónico en el sector agropecuario. Las escalas global y local en la construcción del territorio en Cruz del Eje a principios del Siglo XXI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Vidosa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta contribución se enmarca en el interrogante acerca del vínculo entre las transformaciones globales y las locales, en el sector agropecuario argentino. Con tal fin, se analizan las adaptaciones que el modelo productivo hegemónico presenta, frente a las condiciones específicas del territorio, focalizando en la producción de olivo del Departamento de Cruz del Eje -provincia de Córdoba-. La investigación se organiza en los siguientes apartados: I Dimensiones explicativas del modelo productivo hegemónico agropecuario; II Correlato del mismo en la provincia de Córdoba; III Adaptación del modelo a la producción del olivo en Cruz del Eje; III y Reflexiones. El trabajo recurre a fuentes de información primaria -observación de campo y entrevistas semi-estructuradas realizadas en la zona de estudio durante 2011- y secundarias -académicas y estadísticas brindadas por la Estación Experimental de Cruz del Eje, INTA-.

  15. Structural Measures - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospitals and the availability of structural measures at that hospital. A structural measure reflects the environment in which hospitals care for patients....

  16. Patient survey (HCAHPS) - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospital ratings for the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital...

  17. Evaluación espacial y temporal de la diversidad de los ascomicetes dulceacuícolas del canal turístico Santa Cruz, Xochimilco, México Spatial and temporal evaluation of the diversity of freshwater Ascomycetes from the touristic channel Santa Cruz, Xochimilco, Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allan Chavarria

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Se investigó la diversidad de los ascomicetes del canal Santa Cruz, considerado el de mayor importancia turística en Xochimilco, Distrito Federal. En 2007 se realizaron 2 muestreos en las épocas de menor y mayor precipitación. En el márgen del canal se establecieron 4 estaciones de muestreo con diferente grado de urbanización y en cada una se sumergieron bloques de madera de Virola sp., Tabebuia donnell-smithii, Bucida buceras, Pinus sp., Cupressus lindlei y Abies religiosa durante 8 semanas. Se midió la temperatura, el pH, el oxígeno disuelto, la materia orgánica y el fósforo, y se determinó el número más probable de bacterias coliformes del agua. Para evaluar los datos, se aplicaron el índice de diversidad de Shannon y el índice de similitud de Sørensen. La mayor diversidad de ascomicetes (H' = 1.152 se registró en la tercera estación, ubicada en la zona de viveros con flores y la menor diversidad (H' = 0.976 se obtuvo en la primera estación, localizada frente al embarcadero Santa Cruz, ambos valores de diversidad coincidieron con el grado de urbanización y con los datos fisicoquímicos y bacteriológicos. La temporada de lluvias presentó la diversidad más baja debido probablemente al efecto de la precipitación en este ambiente acuático.The diversity of freshwater Ascomycetes was determined in the touristic channel Santa Cruz, Xochimilco, Mexico. Two surveys were conducted in 2007 during the dry and wet season. Four sampling sites were selected in the channel margin, based on the level of urbanization. At each sampling site, wood panels of Tabebuia donnell-smithii, Bucida buceras, Pinus sp., Cupressus lindlei and Abies religiosa were submerged during 8 weeks. Water temperature, dissolved oxygen, organic matter, phosphorus and most probable number of coliform bacteria were determined. Results were evaluated using the diversity index of Shannon and the index of similarity of Sørensen. The highest Ascomycete diversity

  18. Da-Cruz Triple Tool: cómo hacer simple y precisa la cirugía de implante glúteo intramuscular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Da-Cruz

    Full Text Available El Da-Cruz Triple Tool es un instrumento multifuncional diseñado para la colocación de implantes glúteos intramusculares. Tiene 3 funciones; a saber: disector, separador y medidor. Consiste en 2 piezas para su uso articulado o por separado. Como disector logra la profundidad y el grosor deseables del músculo glúteo mayor a través de maniobras precisas que provocan menos trauma; por consiguiente, ayuda a obtener una mejor recuperación y resultados. Al mismo tiempo faculta para elevar los espacios abiertos y controlar adherencias o sangrados. La función de medidor permite calcular la dimensión cefalocaudal y la anchura del espacio para escoger el implante adecuado. Con el entrenamiento adecuado en el uso de esta herramienta y la implementación de medidas pre, trans y postoperatorias bien definidas, cualquier cirujano plástico puede obtener resultados consistentemente exitosos en la colocación de implantes glúteos intramusculares.

  19. INTERROGACIÓN Y ARGUMENTACIÓN EN LA CARTA ATENAGÓRICA DE SOR JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Márlom Fermín Pérez Villegas

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Los estudios argumentativos de la Carta Atenagórica revelan que existe un vacío en el análisis de ciertas estrategias, como los enunciados interrogativos. Este trabajo, a través del modelo de Toulmin, explora la función de aquellos desde una perspectiva pragmática, para conocer su intención e impacto argumentativo en el texto. Pero el análisis de la estructura identifica también el estilo retórico que Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz usó para responder a sus oponentes, además de su derecho como persona, mujer y religiosa para hablar y sostener su tesis, es decir, de ser un interlocutor del discurso de la época. De esta forma, los interrogativos son otra faceta de la forma estilística que la Décima Musa usó para la creación de su defensa discursiva.

  20. Cross-sectional study of the dispensation of synthetic anorectic drugs in community pharmacies in the city of Cruz Alta - State of Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcieli Maria Navarini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Obesity is defined as the excess adipose tissue in the body. Drugs responsible for inhibiting the appetite are called anorectics or appetite suppressants. Sibutramine, fenproporex and amfepramone belongs to this class, and are capable of causing physical or psychological dependence. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of prescriptions for appetite suppressants in community pharmacies at Cruz Alta, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The sales of fenproporex, amfepramone and sibutramine in the months of September, October and November 2010 and April, May and June 2011 were compared. It was observed that the most commonly dispensed anorectic in the three community pharmacies analyzed was sibutramine. In the months of September, October and November 2010, consumption was higher, with sibutramine achieving 40.3% of overall sales, amfepramone 21% and, finally, fenproporex, 7.9%. The consumption of appetite suppressants was more prevalent in females, who represented 82% of total. The results suggested the existence of high consumption of anorectics, possibly related to the current concern with aesthetic standards, which emphasizes the importance of strict control over the marketing of these substances.

  1. Distribution and extent of heavy metal accumulation in Song Sparrows (Melospiza melodia), upper Santa Cruz River watershed, southern Arizona, 2011-12

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lester, Michael B.; van Riper, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Riparian ecosystems in arid environments provide critical habitat for breeding, migratory, and wintering birds, yet are often at risk of contamination by heavy metals. Birds and other animals living in contaminated areas are susceptible to adverse health effects as a result of long-term exposure and bioaccumulation of heavy metals. We investigated the distribution and cascading extent of heavy metal accumulation in Song Sparrows (Melospiza melodia) in Arizona’s upper Santa Cruz River watershed. This study had three goals: (1) quantify the degree of heavy metal accumulation in sparrows and determine the distributional patterns among study sites, (2) compare concentrations of metals found in this study to those found in studies performed prior to the 2009 international wastewater treatment plant upgrade, and (3) assess sparrow condition among sites with differing potential sources of contamination exposure. We examined six study sites that reflected different potential sources of contamination. Hematocrit values, body mass residuals, and leukocyte counts were used to assess sparrow condition. Cadmium, copper, mercury, nickel, and selenium exceeded background concentrations at some sites, but generally were lower than or similar to concentrations found in earlier studies performed prior to the 2009 international wastewater treatment plant upgrade. Concentrations were higher in recaptured birds in 2012 than in 2011 for 7 metals in feathers and 14 metals in blood, suggesting possible bioaccumulation. We found no cascading effects as a result of heavy metal exposure, but did find that heavy metal concentrations were reduced following the 2009 international wastewater treatment plant upgrade.

  2. The Orchestras of the Príncipe and Cruz Coliseums in Madrid during the Second Half of the 18th Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina BARBA

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There were no stable orchestras in Madrid’s public theatres during the first half of the Eighteenth Century, and a variable number of instrumentalists were used on each occasion. This paper discusses the development of the two town-owned theatres in the second half of the century, when the orchestra was considered an important element and a new way of hiring musicians developed, based on sources kept at the Archivo de Villa de Madrid, Sección de Secretaría.René Andioc and Mireille Coulon in their Cartelera teatral madrileña del siglo XVIII: (1708-1808 refer to the companies that worked in both theatres in the second half of the 18th Century, those of de Josef de Parra, María Hidalgo, José Martínez Gálvez, Juan Ángel, Águeda de la Calle, María Ladvenant, Nicolás de la Calle, Juan Ponce, Manuel Martínez, Eusebio Ribera, Joaquín Palomino, Luis Navarro and Francisco Ramo, although they do not study the orchestral musicians. The first study on this issue is that by José Máximo Leza «Las orquestas de ópera en Madrid entre los siglos XVIII-XIX», although it does not discuss the theatres of La Cruz and El Príncipe in the second half of the century. 

  3. AVALIAÇÃO DAS CONDIÇÕES HIGIÊNICO-SANITÁRIAS DO PESCADO COMERCIALIZADO NO MUNICÍPIO DE CRUZ DAS ALMAS, BAHIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NORMA SUELY EVANGELISTA BARRETO

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The goal of paper was to evaluate the quality of fish commercialized in supermarkets and marketplace stalls in Cruz das Almas, Bahia. Sensorial, physicochemical and microbiological analysis were performed in 11 fish samples (three fresh fish samples, four frozen fish samples, and four dry salted fish samples. Supermarkets presented better hygiene conditions and facilities, and offered staff training. In the market stalls the facilities were in disagreement with food legislation. The sensorial analysis indicated tha 60% of the samples were in accordance with the concept of freshness. Hundred percent of the fresh and frozen fish samples were negative for sulphydric gas reaction, and humidity varied from 65.79 to 81.59%. Humidity in all the dry salted fish samples was higher than the maximum values allowed, and the chloride test was 1.1 × 103 MPN g-1. Escherichia coli (08 was isolated only from fish samples collected in the marketplace stalls and was resistant to eritromicine 08 (100%, amicacyn 02 (25%, ampicillin, cephalotin and tetracycline 01 (12.5%. Multiresistance profile was observed in 62.5% of the isolates.

  4. The reconstruction and climatic implication of an independent palaeo ice cap within the Andean rain shadow east of the former Patagonian ice sheet, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolff, Ingo W.; Glasser, Neil F.; Hubbard, Alun

    2013-03-01

    This paper describes the reconstruction of the previously undocumented Meseta Cuadrada palaeo ice cap on south-west Meseta del Lago Buenos Aires, Santa Cruz Province, Patagonia. Based on theoretical surface profiles the reconstruction of the Meseta Cuadrada Palaeo Ice Cap indicates an ice mass covering at least 78 km2 with a total ice volume around 9.2 km3. The inferred equilibrium line altitude (ELA) of the palaeo ice cap (2031 m asl) represents a drop of 286 m compared to the ELA of the current Meseta Cuadrada glacier (~ 2317 m asl). We explain this small change in ELA with reference to the flat hypsometry of the palaeo ice cap and an enhanced aridity to the west of the Patagonian Andes caused by the existence of the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) Patagonian ice sheet. Calculated annual accumulation values of ca. 402 to 957 mm/a at the ELA of the Meseta Cuadrada palaeo ice cap derived by a degree day model (DDM) during the last local glacial maximum extent are low compared with estimations of the current accumulation at the ELA of the remaining glacierized area of around 3789 mm/a. This strongly supports the existence of increased aridity and seasonality east of the Patagonian Andes during the Last Glacial Maximum, provided both maximum extents were synchronous.

  5. Evaluación de impacto ambiental en la mina artesanal de arcilla, Santa Cruz en el municipio de Manaure, la Guajira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Daniel L

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo de investigación se fundamenta en la evaluación de los impactos generados por la extracción de arcilla en la mina Santa Cruz (Manaure, La Guajira. El trabajo se realizó mediante la descripción y análisis de los impactos ambientales, socioculturales y económicos registrados a partir de visitas técnicas, entrevistas, encuestas y observaciones; posteriormente, todas estas técnicas fueron evaluadas a través de métodos cuantitativos como lista de chequeo, diagrama de redes, matriz de Leopold y matriz de valoración; relacionándolas con cada una de las actividades desarrolladas en las etapas del proyecto minero. La finalidad del trabajo consistió en generar un plan de manejo ambiental; en el que se contemplen medidas como: prevenir, mitigar, corregir o compensar las afectaciones a los recursos naturales intervenidos por la minería.

  6. Consumo de suplementos alimentares entre praticantes de atividade física em academias de Santa Cruz do Sul – RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrícia Andréia Jost

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Na busca incessante pela boa forma, os frequentadores de academias têm se submetido ao consumo de suplementos alimentares. Objetivo: descrever a prevalência e identificar os fatores relacionados ao consumo de suplementos alimentares em uma amostra de 80 praticantes de atividade física, de ambos os gêneros, entre 18 e 31 anos, de duas academias de Santa Cruz do Sul – RS, através da aplicação de um questionário. Método: a pesquisa foi de natureza quantitativa, através de um estudo transversal, de delineamento observacional. Resultados: o uso de suplementos foi relatado por 46,3% da amostra (n=37, destes, 64,9% homens e 35,1% mulheres. Os fatores relacionados ao consumo de suplementos foram: escolaridade elevada (p=0,03, maior tempo de prática de atividade física (p=0,02, praticar musculação (p=0,01 e objetivo de ganhar massa muscular (p

  7. LA ARQUEOLOGÍA HISTÓRICA EN CANARIAS. EL YACIMIENTO SEPULCRAL DE LA IGLESIA DE NUESTRA SEÑORA DE LA CONCEPCIÓN DE SANTA CRUZ DE TENERIFE (Historical archaeology in the Canaries. The burial site of the church of Our Lady of the Conception in Santa Cruz de Tenerife

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matilde Arnay de la Rosa

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available En este estudio revisamos la situación actual de la Arqueología Histórica en las Islas Canarias, disciplina que, a diferencia de la americana, estaba poco desarrollada en las islas hasta hace unos 20 años. El reciente estudio de yacimientos históricos importantes ha modificado esta situación. Como ejemplo, comentamos algunos resultados derivados de la excavación de la iglesia de Nuestra Señora de la Concepción, en cuyo subsuelo se enterró a la población de Santa Cruz de Tenerife durante siglos. Pese a la pobre preservación de los esqueletos, ha sido posible inferir hábitos dietéticos, estado nutricional, exposición a tóxicos, y realizar estudios de DNA mitocondrial. El material recuperado (cerámica, pipas, crucifijos y adornos varios permite establecer estrechas relaciones con la colonización española del Nuevo Mundo. ENGLISH: This study includes an updated review of the current status of Historical Archaeology in the Canary Islands. Traditionally, in contrast with the situation in America, archaeological activity was devoted to studies on the prehistoric remains of population. In the last 20 years, excavation of some important historical sites has allowed the development of Historical Archaeology. As an example, we comment some results obtained from the excavation of the floor of the church of Our Lady of the Conception, where the deads of Santa Cruz de Tenerife were interred during centuries. Despite the poor preservation of the skeletons, it has been possible to infer dietary habits, toxic exposure, nutritional status and genetic lineages (mitochondrial DNA. Smoking pipes, ceramics and adornments associated with interments show a high similitude with those from colonial sites of the New World.

  8. Subjetividades educativas en jóvenes próximos a egresar de la secundaria en Puerto Santa Cruz y Piedra Buena ante la potencial ejecución de proyectos de represas en el Río Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Victor Guzmán

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente Informe Científico Técnico se presentarán resultados que exploran la dimensión educativa de la juventud en Piedra Buena y Puerto Santa Cruz. Comunidades que serán impactadas en su dimensión simbólica y material a partir de los proyectos de Represas sobre el Río Santa Cruz. El informe intenta una aproximación etnográfica que buscará reflexionar en torno a las siguientes preguntas: ¿Qué lugar ocupa la educación de la juventud en la perspectiva de los actores locales claves de la comunidad local ante el próximo impacto de Proyectos de Represas?; ¿Qué representaciones tienen los jóvenes en situación de aula acerca de su escenario actual y futuro con respecto a la educación superior y el mundo del trabajo previo al impacto intensivo de los Proyectos de Represas? Las principales conclusiones nos muestran la necesidad de rescatar el optimismo que los jóvenes en situación de aula demuestran ante un escenario local que potencialmente se podría convertir en adverso, en cuanto a la realización de sus proyectos de vida vinculados a la continuidad de estudios superiores e inserción en el mundo del trabajo; si es que no se comienzan a construir políticas públicas con eje en la juventud que permitan poner en valor a este capital social que tiene el territorio para su desarrollo local.

  9. Prevalence of Human Papillomavirus Type 58 in Women With or ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    18. Rabelo‑Santos SH, Zeferino L, Villa LL, Sobrinho JP,. Amaral RG, Magalhães AV. Human papillomavirus prevalence among women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III and invasive cervical cancer from Goiânia, Brazil. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2003;98:181‑4. 19. National Institute of Câncer José Alencar Gomes da.

  10. Int. J. Biol. Chem. Sci. 1(2)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1 Department of Plant and Animal Sciences, Faculty of Science, University of Buea, South West Province,. RP. 63 Buea, Cameroon. 2 Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, University of ..... cognition factors in rural areas of Minas. Gerais, Brazil. Memorias do Instituto. Oswaldo Cruz., 96: 57-66. Ndifon GT, Ukoli FMA.

  11. Argyritarsis Section of the Subgenus Nyssorhynchus of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae). Revision

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-01-01

    Locality not specified, IM gen (JH). Goias: Santo Theresa, 22 Nov 1918, Peryassu, IM (JH). Para: Altamira Area, 7 Jun 1976, Moramy, 4F (M-1). Boa Vista...430. 1944. Um ano de combate os doencas parasitarias que atacam os rodoviarios da estrada Rio Bahia, 1942 o 1943. Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz Rio de J

  12. Lecto- and Paralectotype Designations and Redescription of Arachnocoris alboannulatus Costa Lima, 1927 (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Nabidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thaynara S. Martins; Felipe F. F. Moreira; Javier E. Mercado; Jorge A. Santiago-Blay

    2016-01-01

    The lecto- and a paralectotype of Arachnocoris alboannulatus Costa Lima, 1927 are designated to enhance nomenclatural stability. A redescription based on the type material from Rio de Janeiro deposited in the Entomological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute, Brazil, is presented. Specimens are illustrated and measured in detail for the first time.

  13. WE ST AFRICAN JOURNAL OF MEDICINE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ŸI-lospital Pediâtrico de Luanda, Universidade Agostinho Neto, Luanda, Angola, f lnstituto Materno Infantil de Pernambuco, Recife,. Brazil, 9 Centro de Pesquisas Aggeu Magalhäes, Fundaçäo Oswaldo Cruz, Recife, Brazil, 'l Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador,. Brazil, * Fundaçäo para Assistência âs Anemias, ...

  14. Efficacy of some essential oils in mice infected with Trypanosoma cruzi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    http://www.dndial.org/es/enfermedades-olvidadas/ enfermedad-de-chagas.html. 18. Escobar P, Milena Leal S, Herrera LV, Martinez JR,. Stashenko E. Chemical composition and antiprotozoal activities of Colombian Lippia spp essential oils and their major components. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 2010; 105: 184–190. 19.

  15. Forging partnerships in Brazil | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2011-05-09

    May 9, 2011 ... The International EcoHealth Forum (IEF 2008) sparked formal collaboration between three Brazilian institutions. The Brazilian consortium—the Institute for Ecological Research (IPE), the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny of the University of São ...

  16. Contributions of the American Entomological Institute. Volume 27. Number 2. 1992. Catalog and Illustrated Review of the Subgenus Melanoconion of Culex (Diptera: Culicidae)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    Departamento de Parasitologia y Microbiologia , Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Oriente, Ciudad Bolivar, Venezuela FMRP Departamento de Parasitologia...de Microbiologia , Carlos G. Malbran, Buenos Aires, Argentina IOC Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil ITH Instituut voor Tropische Hygiene en

  17. Efficacy of Bacillus thuringiensis var israelinsis (Bti) on Culex and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    are pregnant women and under five years old children (Phillips, 2003). The disease is transmitted by female ... The over reliance on insecticides to control mosquitoes has led to physiological resistance of mosquito vectors including Anopheles gambiae ...... control in French Guiana. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz, 106, 346-35.

  18. Forging partnerships in Brazil | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Ecosystems and Human Health. The International EcoHealth Forum (IEF 2008) sparked formal collaboration between three Brazilian institutions. The Brazilian consortium—the Institute for Ecological Research (IPE), the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechny of the ...

  19. O design e a promoção da saúde nos laboratórios de pesquisa da Fiocruz The design and promotion of health in the Fiocruz research laboratories

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Elio Grossman; Inesita S. Araújo; Tania C. Araújo-Jorge

    2009-01-01

    ... físico dos laboratórios de pesquisa do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz (IOC/Fiocruz) à luz de princípios da promoção da saúde como ampliação do conceito de saúde, e também a participação dos atores no processo...

  20. Assessment techniques of antimicrobial properties of natural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-06-17

    Jun 17, 2008 ... angulata L. (Solanaceae) fraction and physalin B bringing out the importance of assay determination. Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo. Cruz 100(7): 779-782. Silva O, Duarte A, Cabrita J, Pimentel M, Diniz A and Gomez E (1996). Antimicrobial activity of Guinea-Bissau traditional remedies. J. Ethnopharmacol ...

  1. A história e o acervo das obras raras da Biblioteca de Manguinhos The history of Biblioteca de Manguinhos and its rare collections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Élide Bortoletto

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo descreve a formação do acervo de obras raras da Biblioteca de Manguinhos, da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. São obras que se estendem dos séculos XVII ao XX, distribuídas entre livros, coleções de periódicos, folhetos, teses, que contemplam valiosos trabalhos na área da história das ciências biológicas e da saúde. Descreve também a riqueza ornamental e decorativa do ambiente e do mobiliário preservados da biblioteca. Resgata a trajetória de 100 anos da Biblioteca de Manguinhos, intimamente associada à história da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.This article narrates the creation of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Biblioteca de Manguinhos (Manguinhos Library and its rare collections of books, magazines, journals, brochures, leaflets and theses, important publications on the history of biological sciences and health from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. It also describes the rich original ornaments and decoration of the library room and its furniture. It recovers the history of the library these past hundred years, which is closely associated to the history of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz.

  2. Discurso ritual prehispánico y manipulación misionera: la 'oración de Manco Capac al señor del cielo y tierra' de la relación de Santa Cruz Pachacuti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available DISCOURS RITUEL PREHISPANIQUE ET MANIPULATION MISSIONNAIRE : LA “PRIERE DE MANCO CAPAC AU SEIGNEUR DU CIEL ET DE LA TERRE” DE LA RELACION DE SANTA CRUZ PACHACUTI Les textes religieux en quechua contenus dans la Relación (1613? de Joan de Santa Cruz Pachacuti ont été considérés jusqu’à présent comme authentiquement incasiques. Á travers une analyse du premier d’entre eux, la “prière de Manco Capac au Seigneur du ciel et de la terre”, dans le contexte linguistique et culturel évangélisateur, nous croyons montrer qu’il est en réalité le fruit d’une manipulation missionnaire de la langue, l’histoire et la tradition religieuse indigènes, destinée a prouver aux catéchumènes que leurs anciens souverains avaient conçu, grâce à leur raison naturelle et à la Providence, le Dieu que les espagnols venaient leur prêcher. Se ha venido considerando los textos religiosos en quechua contenidos en la Relación (¿1613? de Joan de Santa Cruz Pachacuti como auténticamente incaicos. Analizando el primero de ellos, la “oración de Manco Capac al Señor del cielo y tierra”, dentro del contexto lingüístico y cultural evangelizador, creemos mostrar que es en realidad fruto de una manipulación misionera de la lengua, la historia y la tradición religiosa indígenas destinada a demostrar a los catecúmenos que sus antiguos soberanos concibieron, gracias a su razón natural y a la Providencia, al Dios que los españoles venían a predicarles. PRE-HISPANIC CEREMONIAL LECTURE AND MISSIONARY MANIPULATION: “MANCO CAPAC’S PRAYER TO THE HEAVEN AND EARTH LORD” IN THE RELACIÓN BY SANTA CRUZ PACHACUTI. The original religious documents in the quechua language of Relación by Joan de Santa Cruz Pachacuti (1613?, has been considered as legitime inca. Through analyzing the first one, 'Manco Capac's prayer to the Heaven and Earth Lord' reserved to the linguistic and cultural evangelizing settings, we believe to prove that it truly is an outcome

  3. Hospital marketing revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, M M

    1987-05-01

    With more hospitals embracing the marketing function in their organizational management over the past decade, hospital marketing can no longer be considered a fad. However, a review of hospital marketing efforts as reported in the professional literature indicates that hospitals must pay greater attention to the marketing mix elements of service, price and distribution channels as their programs mature.

  4. The Young Hospitalized Child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winters, Anne

    This literature review examines the effects of hospitalization on the young child and suggests ways in which parents and hospital personnel can protect children from the potentially harmful emotional and intellectual effects of hospitalization. The history of attitudes toward the hospitalization of children is discussed. Children's emotional…

  5. Dança e Educação: considerações a partir da contradança de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Alves de Paiva

    2016-07-01

    as well as other cultural popular manifestations - in their classes. Keywords: Corporeity. Culture and physical education. Folklore and education. RESUMEN El artículo resulta de una investigación cuyo objetivo fue un estudio de la Contradanza de Santa Cruz de Goiás, en que se busca reflexionar su importancia en las clases de Educación Física. Para esto, se hizo, además de la búsqueda bibliográfica, una investigación empírica, con enfoque cualitativo y cuantitativo en forma de investigación etnográfica participante en la dicha ciudad durante la festividade, y en la escuela pública estatal Antônio de Ramos Caiado. Para el enfoque teórico fueron utilizados textos de Volp, Soares, Ribas, Freire, Figueiredo, Daolio y Bonetti, entre otros autores que investigan la Danza, la Cultura y la Educación Física, además de los culturalistas Brandão, Geertz, McLaren y Giroux. Los resultados más relevantes encontrados indican que: la contradanza es un hecho significativo para la ciudad y para la educación, y se puede insertarla en el programa escolar. Se concluye que cambios significativos en la educación sólo serán posibles en la medida que, además de otros factores, los profesionales de Educación Física perceban la importancia de hacer cambios en su práctica a partir de la propuesta de inserción de las Contradanzas -, así como otras manifestaciones culturales en las dichas clases. Palabras clave: Corporeidad. Educación Física y cultura. Folclore educación.

  6. EFECTOS DE LA SEPARACIÓN MATERNA TEMPRANA SOBRE EL DESEMPEÑO EN EL LABERINTO EN CRUZ ELEVADO EN RATAS ADULTAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DIEGO ARMANDO LEÓN RODRÍGUEZ

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Se ha demostrado que alteraciones en la interacción madre-cría produce efectos duraderos sobre el desarrollo cerebral y comportamental; de esta forma sujetos expuestos a estrés por separación materna temprana (SMT presentan variaciones en los comportamientos indicadores de ansiedad. El objetivo del presente estudio fue investigar los efectos específicos del estrés por SMT sobre los comportamientos indicadores de ansiedad en ratas Wistar adultas machos y hembras. Las ratas fueron anidadas con ciclo luz/oscuridad invertido (7 p.m./7 a.m., agua y comida ad libitum. El procedimiento de separación se realizó dos veces diarias durante los días postnatales 1 al 21 (7:00 a 10:00 y 13:00 a 16:00 p.m.. Los comportamientos indicadores de ansiedad fueron evaluados por medio del laberinto en cruz elevado (LCE cuando las crías alcanzaron un peso de 230 g. Se encontró que el estrés por SMT tiene efectos específicos para cada sexo sobre los comportamientos relacionados con la ansiedad, las hembras separadas maternalmente presentaron un perfil ansioso menor que las no separadas y los machos separados mostraron mayor conflicto exploración/evitación. Estos resultados corroboran hallazgos preliminares de nuestro laboratorio, en los que se evidencia interacción entre la vulnerabilidad ante desafíos ambientales tempranos y los mecanismos compensatorios del cuidado materno.

  7. Etnobotánica participativa en escuelas rurales de la Comuna Paso Viejo (Departamento Cruz del Eje, Córdoba Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Martínez

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta una experiencia de etnobotánica participativa a partir del desarrollo de proyectos de extensión, investigación y voluntariado universitario realizados en dos escuelas rurales de la Comuna de Paso Viejo (Pedanía Pichanas, Cruz del Eje, Córdoba, Argentina. El objetivo fue identificar y rescatar los recursos vegetales de interés cultural y reflexionar acerca de los procesos comunitarios y educativos que promueven la investigación participativa con los actores locales. Se realizaron cinco talleres en torno a diferentes tópicos de la etnobotánica como interpretación ambiental, prácticas productivas locales, alimentación tradicional, medicina veterinaria y plantas forrajeras. Se documentaron, en el marco del contexto cultural local, un total de 88 usos correspondientes a 49 especies silvestres y 3 cultivadas; 7 usos corresponden al ámbito de la alimentación, 19 a la medicina veterinaria, 32 con valor forrajero y 30 corresponden a otros usos. Se propuso a los estudiantes universitarios participar de la organización, planificación y preparación de los recursos utilizados, así como del registro y sistematización a campo de los talleres. Finalmente, se discute cómo la construcción de una experiencia dialógica promueve una mayor reciprocidad en el proceso de obtención de datos etnobotánicos y el encuentro de saberes, constituyéndose así en un proceso educativo y pedagógico.

  8. Estimación de la estatura en muestras del Holoceno Tardío del N.O. de Santa Cruz: problemas metodológicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Béguelin, Marien

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Un tema muy debatido ha sido el de la estatura de las poblaciones aborígenes tardías del sur de Patagonia la cual, de acuerdo con los estándares europeos del siglo XVI, ha sido descripta como excepcional. Una muestra osteológica recientemente recuperada que permite aproximarse a este problema, es la procedente del lago Salitroso (N.O. de la provincia de Santa Cruz. La misma, constituida por un mínimo de 60 individuos de diferente sexo y edad, corresponde a distintos momentos del Holoceno tardío (ca. 2500 a 300 años 14C AP. La estimación de la estatura a partir de medidas lineales de huesos largos de muestras arqueológicas constituye un problema complejo, debido a la gran variedad de ecuaciones existentes en la literatura. Las mismas, derivadas de diferentes muestras de referencia, producen resultados muy disímiles que, en nuestro caso de estudio, varían (valores medios entre 168 y 177 mm en individuos masculinos y entre 162,7 y 165 mm en femeninos. El objetivo del presente trabajo es discutir una serie de criterios (v.g. proximidad genética, similitud ambiental y de proporciones corporales entre la muestra problema y la de referencia que resulten aplicables en el proceso de selección de las ecuaciones, con el fin de derivar estimaciones mas adecuadas y realistas de la estatura en muestras arqueológicas.

  9. Toxicological, Enzymatic, and Molecular Assessment of the Insecticide Susceptibility Profile of Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae, Triatominae) Populations From Rural Communities of Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santo-Orihuela, Pablo L; Vassena, Claudia V; Carvajal, Guillermo; Clark, Eva; Menacho, Silvio; Bozo, Ricardo; Gilman, Robert H; Bern, Caryn; Marcet, Paula L

    2017-01-01

    A wide range of insecticide resistance profiles has been reported across Bolivian domestic and sylvatic populations of Triatoma infestans (Klug, 1834) (Hemiptera, Reduviidae), including some with levels proven to be a threat for vector control. In this work, the insecticide profile of domestic T. infestans was studied with standardized toxicological bioassays, in an area that has not undergone consistent vector control. F1 first-instar nymphs hatched in laboratory from bugs captured in three communities from the Santa Cruz Department were evaluated with different insecticides. Moreover, the enzymatic activity of esterases and cytochrome P450 monooxygenases was measured in individual insects to evaluate the possible mechanism of metabolic resistance to pyrethroids. In addition, the DNA sequence of sodium channel gene (kdr) was screened for two point mutations associated with pyrethroid resistance previously reported in T. infestans.All populations showed reduced susceptibility to deltamethrin and α-cypermethrin, albeit the RR50 values varied significantly among them. Increased P450 monooxygenases and permethrate esterases suggest the contribution, as detoxifying mechanisms, to the observed resistance to deltamethrin in all studied populations. No individuals presented either mutation associated to resistance in the kdr gene. The level of susceptibility to α-cypermethrin, the insecticide used by the local vector control program, falls within an acceptable range to continue its use in these populations. However, the observed RR50 values evidence the possibility of selection for resistance to pyrethroids, especially to deltamethrin. Consequently, the use of pyrethroid insecticides should be closely monitored in these communities, which should be kept under entomological surveillance and sustained interventions. © The Authors 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Entomological Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email

  10. Cross-sectional analysis of self-efficacy and social capital in a community-based healthy village project in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuasa, Motoyuki; Shirayama, Yoshihisa; Osato, Keiichi; Miranda, Cesar; Condore, Julia; Siles, Roxana

    2015-06-20

    An assessment of self-efficacy and social capital may have the potential to detect an effect of dynamic, complex and comprehensive collective actions in community-based health promotion. In 2003, a healthy village project was launched in Santa Cruz, Bolivia with technical assistance from the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). The originally developed FORSA (Fortalecimiento de Redes de Salud) model accounted for participatory processes in which people could improve their health and well-being through individual behavioral changes and family/community-driven activities. This study aimed to examine the extent of self-efficacy and social capital obtained via project activities by a cross-sectional analysis. We randomly selected 340 subjects from the healthy village project site and 113 subjects from a control area. Both groups were interviewed using the same structured questionnaire. Self-efficacy was assessed with a General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), while social capital was measured as the frequency of formal group participation in community meetings during the past three months, perceived social solidarity, and general trust. The study results showed that the participants in the project site had higher self-efficacy and social capital compared to those in the control site. The number of times a subject participated in the health committee activities was positively associated with the self-efficacy scale. Regarding social capital, females and lower-educated people were more likely to have had more frequent participation in formal groups; males and higher-educated participants showed less formal group participation, but more generosity to contribute money for the community. The main perceived benefit of participation in formal group activities varied among individuals. The findings suggest that people in the healthy village project site have higher self-efficacy, especially those with active participation in the health committee activities. To recruit

  11. Guide to Choosing a Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 16 for a list of other organizations that work to improve hospital quality. 12 Section 2: A Closer Look At Hospital Quality How can I find information about hospital quality? Medicare publishes information about hospital quality on the Hospital Compare ...

  12. Hospitable Classrooms: Biblical Hospitality and Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, David W.

    2011-01-01

    This paper contributes to a Christian hermeneutic of special education by suggesting the biblical concept of hospitality as a necessary characteristic of classroom and school environments in which students with disabilities and other marginalized students can be effectively incorporated into the body of the classroom. Christian hospitality, seen…

  13. The application of hospitality elements in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ziqi; Robson, Stephani; Hollis, Brooke

    2013-01-01

    In the last decade, many hospital designs have taken inspiration from hotels, spurred by factors such as increased patient and family expectations and regulatory or financial incentives. Increasingly, research evidence suggests the value of enhancing the physical environment to foster healing and drive consumer decisions and perceptions of service quality. Although interest is increasing in the broader applicability of numerous hospitality concepts to the healthcare field, the focus of this article is design innovations, and the services that such innovations support, from the hospitality industry. To identify physical hotel design elements and associated operational features that have been used in the healthcare arena, a series of interviews with hospital and hotel design experts were conducted. Current examples and suggestions for future hospitality elements were also sought from the experts, academic journals, and news articles. Hospitality elements applied in existing hospitals that are addressed in this article include hotel-like rooms and decor; actual hotels incorporated into medical centers; hotel-quality food, room service, and dining facilities for families; welcoming lobbies and common spaces; hospitality-oriented customer service training; enhanced service offerings, including concierges; spas or therapy centers; hotel-style signage and way-finding tools; and entertainment features. Selected elements that have potential for future incorporation include executive lounges and/or communal lobbies with complimentary wireless Internet and refreshments, centralized controls for patients, and flexible furniture. Although the findings from this study underscore the need for more hospitality-like environments in hospitals, the investment decisions made by healthcare executives must be balanced with cost-effectiveness and the assurance that clinical excellence remains the top priority.

  14. Estudios ecológicos en el Páramo de Cruz Verde, Colombia. IV. La actividad biológica del suelo en diferentes asociaciones vegetales Estudios ecológicos en el Páramo de Cruz Verde, Colombia. IV. La actividad biológica del suelo en diferentes asociaciones vegetales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schnetter Marie-Luise

    1976-09-01

    Full Text Available Se determinaron la respiración y la actividad de celulosólisis del suelo en las asociaciones vegetales de Diplostephium revolutum degradada, de Calamagrostis effusa, Espeletia grandiflora y Geranium santanderiense, de Calamagrostis effusa y Altesteinia fimbriata y de un bosque bajo de páramo en el Páramo de Cruz Verde (Cundinamarca. La mayoría de los promedios de la respiración del suelo se situaba entre 120 y 190 mg CO2/m2h. Valores menores se determinaron dos veces en la asociación degradada de Diplostephium revolutum (82,4 mg CO2/m2h, 72,5 mg CO2/m2h, valores mayores una vez en la asociación de Colamagrostis effusa y Altesteinia fimbriata (220,2 mg CO2/m2h y en el bosque bajo de páramo (245,1 mg CO2/m2h.   La actividad de celulosólisis en el bosque bajo de páramo superaba notablemente la de las otras asociaciones vegetales mencionadas, en contraste en la asociación degradada de Diplostephium revolutum no se notó alguna descomposición de celulosa. In vier Pflanzengesellschaften des Páramo de Cruz Verde (Cundinamarca, nämlich der degradierten Diplostephium revolutum - Gesellschaft, der Calamagrostis effusa • Espeletia grandiflora - Geranium santanderiense - Gesellschaft, der Calamagrostis effusa - Altesteinia fimbriata - Gesellschaft und einer Gesellschaft des Páramo - Buschwaldes wurden Bodenatmung und zellulolytische Aktivität bestimmt.  Die Mehrzahl der bei den Bodenatmungsbestimmungen gefundenen Mittelwerte lag zwischen 120 und 190 mg CO2/m2h.  In der degradierten Diplostephium revolutum. - Gesellschaft wurde zweimal ein niedrigerer (82,4 mg CO2/m2h, 72,5 mg CO2/m2h, in der Calamagrostis effusa - Altesteinia fimbriata -Gesellschaft (220,2 mg CO2/m2h und im Páramo -Buschwald (245,1 mg CO2/m2h jeweils einmal ein höherer Wert bestimmt.  Die zellulolytische Aktivität war im Päramo - Buschwald um ein Vielfaches höher als in den drei anderen Pflanzengesellschaften, wo in der degradierten Diplostephium. revolutum

  15. El estado, las normas y las reformas. El sistema educativo como escenario de materialización de discursos e internalización de prácticas sociales: el caso Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Raquel Bazán

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se relaciona con los estilos de funcionamiento institucional a más de diez años de sancionada la Ley Federal de Educación y su implementación en la provincia de Santa Cruz, analizados en el proyecto de investigación ?Las normativas educativas y su incidencia en el funcionamiento cotidiano de la escuela? (UNPA ? UART 2009. Nos interesa abordar el trabajo docente en las escuelas bajo el enfoque de las regulaciones impuestas desde los discursos reformistas y el proceso de internalización de las mismas por parte de los actores de las instituciones escolares. El proyecto se desarrolló en dos etapas, siendo estas la recopilación y análisis de las normativas vigentes en el ámbito educativo de Santa Cruz y la valoración del impacto de las normativas en los estilos de funcionamiento de las escuelas. En esta primera parte se analizaron las prescripciones y orientaciones generales de la ?voz oficial? como pilar fundamental en la configuración de una cultura política educativa y en la construcción cotidiana de lo escolar. Se consideraron para ello, las atribuciones asignadas al Sistema Educativo Nacional desde los orígenes del Estado Argentino, como parte de un proceso extendido a todo Occidente, y en particular, las normativas que configuraron el Sistema Educativo Provincial, desde los inicios mismos de la historia de la Provincia de Santa Cruz en tanto tal, hasta el contexto reformista de los años 90.

  16. Hospital Compare - Archived Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Compare is a consumer-oriented website that provides information on how well hospitals provide recommended care to their patients. This information can help...

  17. Staph infections - hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000449.htm Staph infections - hospital To use the sharing features on ... can also spread from one person to another. Staph Infections in the Hospital Staph germs are mostly ...

  18. Practice Hospital Bed Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Updates Practice Hospital Bed Safety Share Tweet Linkedin Pin it More sharing options Linkedin Pin it Email Print Hospital Bed Entrapment Zones An ... the side edge of the head or foot board 7. between the head or foot board and ...

  19. Critical Access Hospitals (CAH)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Distance Requirements and Critical Access Hospital (CAH) Recertification Checklist for Evaluation of Compliance with the Location and ... purchase new equipment such as hospital beds and office machines. Visit the funding section of this guide ...

  20. The Hospitable Meal Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Overgaard, Svend Skafte

    2017-01-01

    This article presents an analytical model that aims to conceptualize how meal experiences are framed when taking into account a dynamic understanding of hospitality: the meal model is named The Hospitable Meal Model. The idea behind The Hospitable Meal Model is to present a conceptual model...... that can serve as a frame for developing hospitable meal competencies among professionals working within the area of institutional foodservices as well as a conceptual model for analysing meal experiences. The Hospitable Meal Model transcends and transforms existing meal models by presenting a more open......-ended approach towards meal experiences. The underlying purpose of The Hospitable Meal Model is to provide the basis for creating value for the individuals involved in institutional meal services. The Hospitable Meal Model was developed on the basis of an empirical study on hospital meal experiences explored...

  1. HCAHPS Hospital Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) Hospital Survey The intent of the HCAHPS initiative is to provide a standardized survey...

  2. El turismo de eventos y reuniones en destinos turísticos maduros: un pilar para la reconversión del producto turístico de Puerto de la Cruz (Tenerife)

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Díaz, Cristofer; Pérez Escobar, Ángel Israel

    2014-01-01

    Como respuesta a una situación de declive, Puerto de la Cruz está siendo objeto de importantes planes, estrategias y actuaciones destinadas a reconvertir el destino. El desarrollo del denominado turismo de reuniones puede encajar perfectamente en las tendencias actuales que se plantean para el destino, sobre todo, si se aprovechan las sinergias generadas por la celebración de eventos, tanto grandes como pequeños acontecimientos, incrementando así la competitividad del destino. Esta investigac...

  3. Os principios de economia substantiva de Karl Polanyi em relações de economia solidária: o caso do povoado Cruz (Currais Novos/RN [doi: 10.5329/RECADM.20111002007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiano André Gonçalves Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available OS PRINCIPIOS DE ECONOMIA SUBSTANTIVA DE KARL POLANYI EM RELAÇÕES DE ECONOMIA SOLIDÁRIA: O CASO DO POVOADO CRUZ (CURRAIS NOVOS/RN RESUMO Este estudo aborda relações econômicas e sociais em uma comunidade de fruticultores à luz dos princípios expostos por Polanyi (2000 na obra “A Grande Transformação” e dos pressupostos básicos da Nova Sociologia Econômica (NSE e da Economia Solidária. A unidade de observação foi o Povoado Cruz, no município de Currais Novos (RN. A técnica utilizada foi a observação não participante, com abordagem qualitativa na análise de dados. Em uma aproximação com a realidade buscou-se identificar como, e se, relações sociais não capitalistas, balizadas nos princípios de reciprocidade, domesticidade e redistribuição, sobrevivem em meio a relação capitalista. Percebeu-se que, mesmo dentro da realidade de mercado, predominam princípios elencados por Polanyi e pela Economia Solidária. Tais princípios têm base em valores como solidariedade, integração, respeito, ajuda mútua, cooperação e autonomia.   Palavras-Chave Reciprocidade; Redistribuição; Domesticidade; Economia Solidária; Agroindústria Familiar.     PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS SUBSTANTIVE OF KARL POLANYI RELATIONS IN SOLIDARITY ECONOMY: THE CASE OF CRUZ VILLAGE (CURRAIS NOVOS/RN   ABSTRACT This study focuses economic and social relationships in a fruit culture community under the prism of both principles established by Polanyi (2000 in his work “The Great Transformation” and central assumptions of New Economic Sociology (NES and Solidarity Economy. The community of Povoado cruz, in the municipality of Currais Novos (Rio Grande do Norte - Brazil, was studied through non-participant observation, and data gathered was analyzed with a qualitative approach. The paper aims at identifying how, and if, social not capitalist relationships, guided by reciprocity, domesticity and redistribution principles, survive within the

  4. OBESIDADE, APTIDÃO CARDIORRESPIRATÓRIA, ATIVIDADE FÍSICA E TEMPO DE TELA EM ESCOLARES DA ZONA URBANA E RURAL DE SANTA CRUZ DO SUL-RS

    OpenAIRE

    Reuter, Cézane Priscila; Burgos, Miria Suzana; Pritsch, Cássio Virgílio; da Silva, Priscila Tatiana; Marques, Kelin Cristina; de Souza, Sonimar; Pasa, Luiza; da Silva, Rafaela; Muradás, Rodrigo

    2015-01-01

    Objetivo: verificar possíveis diferenças no perfil de obesidade, aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APCR), prática de atividade física e tempo de tela em escolares. Método: os sujeitos do presente estudo são 658 escolares de 7 a 17 anos, sendo 307 do sexo masculino, pertencentes a 12 escolas (municipais e estaduais), da zona urbana e rural de Santa Cruz do Sul-RS. A obesidade foi avaliada através do índice de massa corporal (IMC), circunferência da cintura e percentual de gordura. A APCR foi avalia...

  5. "¿Quién oyó lo que yo?: el discurso subversivo de autoafirmación en Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (lectura actualizada de una identidad imposible)

    OpenAIRE

    Puche Gutiérrez, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    Toda obra literaria es inconsciente o conscientemente concebida como herramienta de poder con una ideología subyacente al servicio de unos intereses concretos. Leer a Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz es adentrarse en un modelo discursivo que busca subvertir una realidad del siglo XVII: aquella que impide a la mujer tomar conciencia de sí misma como ser humano pensante. La autoafirmación en Sor Juana, genera una recurrencia en el uso del “yo” con carácter unidireccional y metadiscursivo en tanto que ...

  6. Amando al ser odiado, odiando al ser amado : Reseña de Cielo de tambores de Ana Gloria Moya; Emecé, Colección Cruz del Sur, Bs. As., 2003

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrero, Adrián Marcelo

    2004-01-01

    Cielo de tambores, primera novela de la salteña Ana Gloria Moya, mereció el importante premio Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz 2002 otorgado en Guadalajara, México, y también el Primer Premio Pro Cultura Salta 2001. Esta historia, que narra un capítulo de las epopeyas por la independencia en suelo argentino, está contada desde una multitud de voces que se superponen, casi bajo la forma de un canto coral. Los narradores, todos ellos homodiegéticos, se expresan a través de monólogos en primera pe...

  7. PRODUTOS DO INTEMPERISMO E AVALIAÇÃO DO NÍVEL DE DETERIORAÇÃO EM ROCHAS ORNAMENTAIS DA FORTALEZA DE SANTA CRUZ (NITERÓI, RJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luiz Carvalho da Silva

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMO A Fortaleza de Santa Cruz, magnífico exemplo da arquitetura dos tempos da chegada dos europeus ao nosso continente, começou a ser construída por volta de 1555 na entrada da Baía de Guanabara (Niterói, RJ com blocos de gnaisse facoidal local. De modo geral, rochas empregadas em construções em ambientes litorâneos e urbanos são expostas ao sal marinho, bem como, aos poluentes CO2, S e N e, em decorrência disso, os processos relacionados ao intemperismo podem causar danos consideráveis a essas construções. Na Fortaleza de Santa Cruz foram identificados diversos tipos de crostas (negra, de sal, orgânica, “flowstones” e estalactites como produtos do intemperismo. A intensidade dos processos é diferente nos três pavimentos que compõem a Fortaleza, levando a níveis distintos de deterioração dos blocos de rocha, em função da circulação, teor de umidade e de sal no ar em cada pavimento. Palavras-chaves: intemperismo; rochas ornamentais; crosta negra; dissolução.ABSTRACT The Santa Cruz Fort, a magnificent example of architecture at the time of arrival of the Europeans to our continent, began to be constructed at about 1555 at the entrance of the Guanabara Bay (Niterói, RJ with local blocks of augen gnaiss. In general, rocks employed in constructions in coastal and urban environments are exposed to sea derived salts and pollutants such as CO2, S and N and, as consequence of that, weathering related processes can cause considerable damage to these constructions. In the Santa Cruz Fort, various types of crusts (black, salt, organic, flowstones and stalactites have been identified as weathering products. The intensity of such processes is different in the Fort’s three main floors and that leads to distinct deteriorations levels of the blocks of rock in each floor, a function of air circulation, humidity and salt content.Keywords: Weathering; building stones; black crust; dissolution.

  8. Desarrollo de la inteligencia emocional en los estudiantes de básica superior de la Escuela de Educación Básica Plinio Robalino Cruz de la ciudad de Quito, Año Lectivo 2015-2016

    OpenAIRE

    Galarza Paredes, Janeth Patricia

    2016-01-01

    La presente investigación da a conocer el desarrollo de la Inteligencia Emocional en los estudiantes de la Escuela de Educación Básica Plinio Robalino Cruz de la ciudad de Quito en el año lectivo 2015-2016, a través de una investigación cuasi experimental. La investigación permitió determinar el nivel de Inteligencia emocional en los estudiantes y la incidencia de la aplicación de los talleres “Me conozco y comunico” para desarrollar la inteligencia emocional en los estudiantes que resultaron...

  9. Avaliação da eficiência de sistema combinado de lagoa de estabilização e wetlands construídos: estudo de caso do aterro sanitário de Vera Cruz - BA

    OpenAIRE

    Sandes, Luciano Ricardo Gomes

    2008-01-01

    Esta pesquisa avaliou a eficiência do tratamento de lixiviado de aterro sanitário de Vera Cruz, ilha de Itaparica – BA, em termos de redução de carga orgânica e nutriente. O sistema combinado de tratamento constituiu-se de lagoa facultativa seguida de sistemas úmidos construídos utilizando como agentes, macrófitas enraizadas, taboa (família da Typhaceae) e a pirí, gramínea (família da Poaceae). O período observado foi os seis meses iniciais de operação. Foram avaliados os parametros de Demand...

  10. HOSPITAL ABUJA NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    environment. A. Objectives: The objective of this paper is to determine the mode of transmission, clinical presentations and outcome of hospital admissions in children with Paediatric HIV/AIDS at the National Hospital Abuja Nigeria. Methods: Aretrospective study of children with Paediatric HIV/AIDS admitted into the hospital ...

  11. Medicare Hospital Spending Per Patient - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The "Medicare hospital spending per patient (Medicare Spending per Beneficiary)" measure shows whether Medicare spends more, less or about the same per Medicare...

  12. Hospitality and prosumption | Ritzer | Research in Hospitality ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research in Hospitality Management. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 5, No 1 (2015) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  13. Interruptions: Derrida and Hospitality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark W. Westmoreland

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Come in. Welcome. Be my guest and I will be yours. Shall we ask, in accordance with the Derridean question, "Is not hospitality an interruption of the self?" What is the relationship between the interruption and the moment one enters the host's home? Derrida calls us toward a new understanding of hospitality - as an interruption. This paper will illuminate the history of hospitality in the West as well as trace Derrida's discussions of hospitality throughout many of works. The overall goal of this project is to provide readers of Derrida with a sort of reference guide for his discussions on and deconstructive approach to hospitality.

  14. Chemical weathering of a marine terrace chronosequence, Santa Cruz, California I: Interpreting rates and controls based on soil concentration-depth profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, A.F.; Schulz, M.S.; Vivit, D.V.; Blum, A.E.; Stonestrom, D.A.; Anderson, S.P.

    2008-01-01

    The spatial and temporal changes in element and mineral concentrations in regolith profiles in a chronosequence developed on marine terraces along coastal California are interpreted in terms of chemical weathering rates and processes. In regoliths up to 15 m deep and 226 kyrs old, quartz-normalized mass transfer coefficients indicate non-stoichiometric preferential release of Sr > Ca > Na from plagioclase along with lesser amounts of K, Rb and Ba derived from K-feldspar. Smectite weathering results in the loss of Mg and concurrent incorporation of Al and Fe into secondary kaolinite and Fe-oxides in shallow argillic horizons. Elemental losses from weathering of the Santa Cruz terraces fall within the range of those for other marine terraces along the Pacific Coast of North America. Residual amounts of plagioclase and K-feldspar decrease with terrace depth and increasing age. The gradient of the weathering profile bs is defined by the ratio of the weathering rate, R to the velocity at which the profile penetrates into the protolith. A spreadsheet calculator further refines profile geometries, demonstrating that the non-linear regions at low residual feldspar concentrations at shallow depth are dominated by exponential changes in mineral surface-to-volume ratios and at high residual feldspar concentrations, at greater depth, by the approach to thermodynamic saturation. These parameters are of secondary importance to the fluid flux qh, which in thermodynamically saturated pore water, controls the weathering velocity and mineral losses from the profiles. Long-term fluid fluxes required to reproduce the feldspar weathering profiles are in agreement with contemporary values based on solute Cl balances (qh = 0.025-0.17 m yr-1). During saturation-controlled and solute-limited weathering, the greater loss of plagioclase relative to K-feldspar is dependent on the large difference in their respective solubilities instead of the small difference between their respective

  15. Diversidad, abundancia estacional y uso de hábitat de aves playeras migratorias en el estuario del Rio Gallegos (Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florencia Anahí Becerra

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Diversidad, abundancia estacional y uso de hábitat de aves playeras migratorias en el estuario del rio Gallegos (Santa Cruz. Se presenta información sobre la condición actual de las aves playeras migratorias en un sector del estuario, adyacente a la ciudad de Río Gallegos, que está sujeto a diversos cambios provenientes del uso urbano. Desde marzo de 2011 a enero de 2012, se realizaron 52 visitas a 5 estaciones de muestreo, recorriéndose transectas perpendiculares a la costa. La diversidad específica fue mayor en primavera, superando en más del doble al resto de las estaciones. Del análisis comparativo entre los resultados obtenidos y estudios previos, surgió que la riqueza específica no presentó cambios, manteniéndose entre 8/9 especies. Los cambios más notables en la comunidad no obstante, se presentaron en la abundancia máxima por especie y uso del hábitat, excepto el Ostrero Austral que mantuvo su abundancia, resultando dominante (Frecuencia de Ocurrencia= 92%. El resto de las especies disminuyeron drásticamente el uso del área, como el Playerito Rabadilla Blanca (99%, Becasa de Mar (96,3% y Playero Rojizo (97,4%, en relación a registros históricos de 1997/99. Los hábitats más utilizados fueron el sustrato limo-arcilloso y el arenoso, mientras que la marisma fue la de menor uso, a pesar de que existen reportes anteriores de uso frecuente por varias especies. Se discuten las posibles causas de estos cambios y se efectúan recomendaciones, como la necesidad de mantener un mosaico de diferentes tipos de hábitats, la estructura del sustrato y la Reserva Costera Urbana, siendo necesario la planificación y estudio previo ante cualquier acción antrópica que altere el natural equilibrio erosivo-sedimentario de estos frágiles ecosistemas.

  16. Investigación económica y laboral del mercado turístico de la provincia de Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Soledad Villanueva

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este proyecto de investigación se propone realizar un diagnóstico actualizado sobre diversos sectores productivos en la dinámica socio-económica de la provincia de Santa Cruz. Particularmente el turismo se presenta como una actividad emergente y de gran importancia en la economía provincial. Sin embargo se advierte la inexistencia de información actualizada y sistematizada que englobe el funcionamiento del sector turístico, su relevancia económica y laboral, como también estudios de zonificación que permitan determinar la potencialidad del espacio turístico provincial a fin de abordar políticas de desarrollo turístico. Objetivos: • Actualizar y analizar información secundaria vinculada al sector turístico, referente a oferta y demanda turística. • Diseñar y aplicar instrumentos metodológicos para la recolección de información primaria. • Elaborar y aplicar encuestas vinculadas al mercado laboral. • Identificación de zonas y corredores turísticos. Metodología: Revisión y análisis bibliográfico y documental del sector turismo en la provincia. Se elaboraron y completaron fichas de relevamiento de atractivos y centros turísticos. Se realizaron entrevistas semiestructuradas a responsables de empresas turísticas a fin de conocer las características del mercado laboral. Se elaboró un mapa de zonas y corredores turísticos de la provincia. Conclusiones: Se ha elaborado y actualizado una base de datos referente a la oferta (atractivos y centros y demanda. Se identificaron siete zonas turísticas y sus corredores de comunicación. Los centros mejor dotados en infraestructura y equipamientos son Río Gallegos, El Calafate y El Chaltén. En éstos dos últimos se realizaron entrevistas a hoteleros para conocer aspectos propios de la dinámica laboral turística.

  17. INDICADORES PARA ANÁLISE DO DESEMPENHO FISCAL DO MUNICÍPIO DE CRUZ ALTA NOS ANOS DE 2000 A 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandro Eduardo de Campos Pompeo

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A Lei de Responsabilidade Fiscal (LRF, em vigor a partir do ano de 2000, proporcionou um avanço para a administração pública brasileira por meio de exigências que estimulam a ação planejada e transparente, com vistas a prevenir riscos e corrigir desvios capazes de afetar o equilíbrio das contas públicas. O objetivo deste artigo é conhecer e apresentar considerações sobre a evolução do desempenho do Município de Cruz Alta – RS a partir de indicadores fiscais. Com esta finalidade, são analisados dados provenientes de demonstrativos contábeis diversos, com vistas a conhecer o atendimento de determinados limites fiscais, a partir da entrada em vigor da LRF até o ano de 2008. O artigo permite a observação de séries históricas relativas a algumas das principais variáveis e elementos da gestão fiscal, de modo a perceber ajustes a partir da entrada em vigor da LRF. Os resultados da pesquisa indicam uma melhoria no controle da gestão pública do Município estudado, demonstrando uma adequação na utilização dos recursos, o que contribui para o equilíbrio das contas públicas. Foram evidenciados diversos limites fiscais, provenientes da LRF, de Resoluções do Senado Federal e da Constituição Federal. Mais especificamente, foram observados indicadores relativos às despesas com pessoal, operações de crédito, dívida consolidada, inscrição em restos a pagar e insuficiência financeira, e cumprimento das aplicações mínimas constitucionais em educação e em saúde.

  18. The impact of biotic/abiotic interfaces in mineral nutrient cycling: A study of soils of the Santa Cruz chronosequence, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, A.F.; Schulz, M.S.; Vivit, D.V.; Bullen, T.D.; Fitzpatrick, J.

    2012-01-01

    Biotic/abiotic interactions between soil mineral nutrients and annual grassland vegetation are characterized for five soils in a marine terrace chronosequence near Santa Cruz, California. A Mediterranean climate, with wet winters and dry summers, controls the annual cycle of plant growth and litter decomposition, resulting in net above-ground productivities of 280-600gm -2yr -1. The biotic/abiotic (A/B) interface separates seasonally reversible nutrient gradients, reflecting biological cycling in the shallower soils, from downward chemical weathering gradients in the deeper soils. The A/B interface is pedologically defined by argillic clay horizons centered at soil depths of about one meter which intensify with soil age. Below these horizons, elevated solute Na/Ca, Mg/Ca and Sr/Ca ratios reflect plagioclase and smectite weathering along pore water flow paths. Above the A/B interface, lower cation ratios denote temporal variability due to seasonal plant nutrient uptake and litter leaching. Potassium and Ca exhibit no seasonal variability beneath the A/B interface, indicating closed nutrient cycling within the root zone, whereas Mg variability below the A/B interface denotes downward leakage resulting from higher inputs of marine aerosols and lower plant nutrient requirements.The fraction of a mineral nutrient annually cycled through the plants, compared to that lost from pore water discharge, is defined their respective fluxes F j,plants=q j,plants/(q j,plants+q j,discharge) with average values for K and Ca (F K,plants=0.99; F Ca,plants=0.93) much higher than for Mg and Na (F Mg,plants 0.64; F Na,plants=0.28). The discrimination against Rb and Sr by plants is described by fractionation factors (K Sr/Ca=0.86; K Rb/K=0.83) which are used in Rayleigh fractionation-mixing calculations to fit seasonal patterns in solute K and Ca cycling. K Rb/K and K24Mg/22Mg values (derived from isotope data in the literature) fall within fractionation envelopes bounded by inputs from

  19. ELEMENTAL FORMS OF HOSPITALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Emanuel Korstanje

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Modern studies emphasized on the needs of researching the hospitality as relevant aspects of tourism and hospitality fields. Anyway, these approaches are inextricably intertwined to the industry of tourism and do not take seriously the anthropological and sociological roots of hospitality. In fact, the hotel seems to be a partial sphere of hospitality at all. Under this context, the present paper explores the issue of hospitality enrooted in the political and economic indo-European principle of free-transit which is associated to a much broader origin.  Starting from the premise etymologically hostel and hospital share similar origins, we follow the contributions of J Derrida to determine the elements that formed the hospitality up to date.

  20. Hospitality and Institutional Meals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Strøjer, Anna-Lise

    2017-01-01

    Abstract: There is a growing interest in articulating institutional meal serving practices as a hospitality activity involving host and guest interactions. This study aims to qualify institutional hospitality and meal activities by exploring private hospitality events. The study is based......-structured interview, students reflected on their hospitality experiences. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using a thematic analysis method. The emerging themes on hospitality activities were identified. It was found that hospitality activities could be characterized as a process where the individual...... was transformed into a guest. Information on purpose of the event and other information given in the invitation were part of this process. Furthermore, hospitality activities could be characterized by blurred host-guest relations and by being able to embrace unexpected events as well. The activities were...

  1. Evaluación del recurso aves como base para el desarrollo del turismo ornitológico en el corredor RN40 tramo Río Turbio – Gobernador Gregores (Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ariel Almendras

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Este estudio presenta un diagnóstico actualizado sobre los recursos existentes para la observación de aves como actividad turística en el corredor de la Ruta Nacional 40, en el tramo entre la Cuenca Carbonífera Río Turbio y la ciudad de Gobernador Gregores (Santa Cruz y su zona de influencia, con el fin de sentar las bases para su planificación y desarrollo en sus diversas modalidades, en función de las aptitudes y capacidades del medio. En la actualidad, se identificaron dos tipos de observadores, según su grado de interés en la actividad, que los denominamos recreacionistas y especialistas. Para estos últimos, destacamos 17 especies de aves que por su limitada distribución, endemismo o singularidad, constituyen las más buscadas por los observadores que visitan Santa Cruz. Algunas de estas especies presentan una distribución geográfica muy acotada, por lo cual resultan en una ventaja comparativa respecto a otros lugares que ofertan el producto aves. Se presenta además una jerarquización de la potencialidad que presentan diferentes sitios identificados en este tramo para el desarrollo del turismo ornitológico.

  2. Hospital Dermatology, Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Lindy P

    2017-03-01

    Inpatient dermatology is emerging as a distinct dermatology subspecialty where dermatologists specialize in caring for patients hospitalized with skin disease. While the main focus of inpatient dermatology is the delivery of top-quality and timely dermatologic care to patients in the hospital setting, the practice of hospital-based dermatology has many additional components that are critical to its success. ©2017 Frontline Medical Communications.

  3. Características agronômica de híbridos diploides de bananeira em três ciclos de produção em Cruz das Almas, Bahia Agronomic traits of banana diploid hybrids in three cycle of production in Cruz das Almas, Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauro Saraiva Lessa

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar agronomicamente híbridos diploides de bananeira, em três ciclos de produção, visando à seleção de genótipos para utilização em programas de melhoramento. O experimento foi conduzido entre os anos de 2005 e 2007, em blocos casualizados, no esquema de parcela subdividida no tempo, com quatro repetições, em Cruz das Almas, Bahia. Os híbridos diploides 4279-06, TH03-01, 8987-01, 0323-03, 1318-01, 0116-01, 8694-20, 1304-06 e 9179-03 foram avaliados quanto à altura de plantas, diâmetro do pseudocaule, número de folhas vivas na floração e na colheita, presença de pólen, período de formação do cacho, número de pencas e frutos, e massa média dos frutos. O híbrido 1304-06 apresentou a maior altura nos três ciclos estudados, enquanto o 0323-03 e o 1318-01 apresentaram porte intermediário. À exceção des 8987-01, 0323-03, 1304-06 e 9179-03, os demais híbridos apresentaram número de folhas, na floração, superior a oito. Na colheita, 0323-03, 1318-01, 0116-01, 1304-06 e 9179-03 destacaram-se com os maiores números de folhas. Existe variabilidade genética entre os híbridos diploides de bananeira estudados. Os híbridos 4279-06, 0323-03, 1318-01, 0116-01, 1304-06 e 9179-03 apresentaram características agronômicas favoráveis e podem ser utilizados como genitores em programas de melhoramento genético da bananeira.Objective this work was to evaluate agronomic traits of banana diploid hybrids, in three production cycles, seeking the selection of genotypes for use in banana breeding programs. Experiment was conducted between years 2005 and 2007, at complete randomized block in split plot design, with four replicates, in Cruz das Almas, Bahia, Brazil. Diploids hybrids 4279-06, TH03-01, 8987-01, 0323-03, 1318-01, 0116-01, 8694-20, 1304-06 and 9179-03, were evaluated regarding the characters plant height, pseudostem diameter, number of fresh leaves in flowering and harvest, pollen presence

  4. Palinología y paleoambientes en el perfil de Bajo Comisión (Cretácico, provincia de Santa Cruz, Argentina Palynology and paleoenvironments of the Bajo Comisión section, Cretaceous of Santa Cruz province, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Archangelsky

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El perfil de la clásica localidad Bajo Comisión, originalmente estudiada por T. Halle, ha brindado información estratigráfica adicional. Se determinaron más de 200 especies de palinomorfos recuperados de 16 niveles fértiles a lo largo de la columna de 272 m de espesor asignada al Albiano. Los tres niveles fértiles inferiores han sido referidos a la Formación Río Mayer, mientras que los niveles restantes corresponden a la Formación Kachaike. Los conteos de los principales grupos palinológicos incluyen niveles marinos en la mitad inferior del perfil. En la columna dominan las Pteridófitas (abundantes Anemiaceae y Gimnospermas (principalmente Classopollis, mientras que las angiospermas se hallan representadas por algunas especies primitivas con porcentajes moderados a bajos. El ambiente fue dominado por sedimentación deltaica con una moderada influencia marina en la mitad inferior del perfil (prodelta-frente deltaico-planicies subácueas, y típicamente continental (sub-aerea y fluvial en su mitad superior. La distribución estratigráfica de 80 especies seleccionadas muestra un cambio gradual (en el lapso cronológico que abarca el perfil de la asociación palinológica. Dos unidades bioestratigráficas mayores se caracterizan por las primeras apariciones o extinciones de varios taxones. Se sugieren otras subdivisiones menores que pueden tener un eventual significado bioestratigráfico. Finalmente, se realizan comparaciones con otras palinofloras de la Cuenca Austral en Santa Cruz.A section at the classical locality Bajo Comisión, originally studied by T. Halle, has provided new stratigraphical data. More than 200 palynological species assigned to the Albian have been determined. They were recovered in 16 fertile horizons along the 272 m thick column. The three lower fertile horizons are referred to the Río Mayer Formation while the other levels belong to the Kachaike Formation. Counts of the main palynological groups include a

  5. Avaliação de genótipos de tomateiro tipo Santa Cruz no período de ver��o, em Araguari, MG Evaluation of tomato genotypes (Santa Cruz type during the summer season, in Araguari, MG, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ricardo Peixoto

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho foi desenvolvido na fazenda Jordão (município de Araguari, MG, na época do verão (período das águas, com o objetivo de verificar o desempenho agronômico de genótipos de tomateiro tipo Santa Cruz. Utilizou-se o delineamento experimental blocos casualizados, com 16 tratamentos (genótipos e quatro repetições. A parcela experimental foi constituída por duas fileiras com 12 plantas cada, no espaçamento de 1,00 m entre linhas e 0,55 m entre plantas (1 planta/cova. Efetuaram-se 17 colheitas, sendo a primeira aos 69 dias após o transplante. Vários genótipos apresentaram um bom desempenho agronômico, principalmente Saladinha, Débora Plus, SM-16 e Atlas, podendo ser cultivados no período de verão. Apenas Saladinha e Atlas ultrapassaram 140 g de peso médio, destacando-se também em frutos do tipo extra AA. Observou-se uma correlação significativa e negativa com r = -0,52 e -0,54 na primeira avaliação, e r = -0,55 e -0,45 na segunda avaliação para a produção total e produção comercial, respectivamente, em relação à incidência de geminivírus nos diferentes genótipos. Os híbridos Saladinha e SM-16 apresentaram o menor número de plantas viróticas, enquanto Santa Clara Importada, Santa Clara, Jumbo AG-592 e IAC Santa Clara, apresentaram o maior número.A field experiment was carried out in the Jordão farm in Araguari, MG, Brazil, during the summer season, to evaluate the agronomic potential of genotypes (Santa Cruz type of tomato. A randomized block design was used with 16 treatments (genotypes and four replicates. The experimental plot was made up of two lines (1.00 m between lines and 0.55 m between plants with 12 plants each (1 plant/pit. Seventeen harvests were made, starting 69 days after transplanting. Several genotypes as Saladinha, Débora Plus, SM-16 and Atlas had a good agronomic performance, being recommended to be cultivated in the region, in the summer season. Classified as AA type, the Saladinha

  6. Density and reproduction of the Queen Conch Eustrombus gigas (Mesogastropoda: Strombidae at Cabo Cruz, Desembarco del Granma National Park, Cuba Densidad y reproducción de la concha reina Eustrombus gigas (Mesogastropoda: Strombidae en Cabo Cruz, Parque Nacional Desembarco del Granma, Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuself R. Cala

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The queen conch Eustrombus gigas is an important fisheries resource in the Caribbean region. In Cuba Island the studies about this resource are very scarce and particularly in the Southeastern regions of the country. With the aim to get important fishery information about this gastropod, adult Queen Conch density and frequency of reproductive activity were evaluated in Cabo Cruz, Cuba, during 2009-2010. Data from three seasons were obtained (rainy, dry and cold fronts periods from three different areas: Farito, Guafe and Laguna. The highest density was observed in cold fronts season (468.5ind./ha and the lowest occurred during the dry season (268.5ind./ha. The highest density was reported at Laguna (520.4ind./ha and the lowest at Farito (290.9ind./ha. In total, 158 reproductive events were observed. The highest frequency was reported in rainy season (36%, followed by dry (9% and cold fronts (5% seasons. Reproductive behavior (mating and egg laying was related to temperature and photoperiod. Reproductive activity was observed during the whole year, which suggests the existence of an important Queen Conch reserve in the Southeastern region of Cuba and an apparently self-sufficient population for recruitment. From our results we may conclude that, the population’s sustainable exploitation is viable if the following management measures are observed: functional zoning within the area, rotation of fishing areas and a closed season. We recommend that the Laguna site should be protected as a reproduction zone and banned for fishing activities.El Eustrombus gigas es un recurso pesquero importante en la región del Caribe. En Cuba, los estudios acerca de este recurso son muy escasos y en la zona Sur-oriental del país son casi nulos. En este trabajo se evalúa la densidad de adultos y frecuencia de la evidencia reproductiva de Eustrombus gigas Linneus 1758 en Cabo Cruz, Cuba, en el periodo 2009-2010. Se obtuvieron datos de tres períodos (lluvias, seca

  7. Avaliação da Vulnerabilidade das Águas Subterrâneas no Município de Santa Cruz do Sul, RS/Brasil. = Vulnerability assessment of underground water in the Santa Cruz do Sul City, RS/Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mónica M. Martínez

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Nesta pesquisa realizada no município de Santa Cruz do Sul, RS-Brasil, utilizou-se dados pré-existentes em banco de dados de empresas privadas, estatais, municipais e federais com o objetivo de espacializar as informações através da metodologia GOD e do aplicativo SURFER™ versão 6.0. Com essa metodologia GOD utilizada foi possível prever e avaliar a vulnerabilidade natural dos aqüíferos através dos parâmetros: grau de confinamento hidráulico (G; ocorrência do suprajacente (O e distância do nível da água (D. Foi utilizada uma planilha eletrônica, MS Excel™, para dispor os parâmetros hidrodinâmicos e físico-químicos das águas subterrâneas. Ilustra-se a superfície potenciométrica indicativa do fluxo subterrâneo, as concentrações de flúor e o índice de vulnerabilidade. A faixa de variação do flúor foi de 0,0 até 3,6 mgL-1, e o índice de vulnerabilidade obtido, apresentou dos 25 poços simulados; 4 poços na classe desprezível, 7 poços na classe baixa, á poços na classe média e apenas 1 na classe alta. Discutem-se alguns aspectos relativos á legislação das águas subterrâneas e seu uso para abastecimento público. = This research took place in the Santa Cruz do Sul city, RS-Brazil, and includes pre-existing data from data banks belonging to private, governmental, municipal and federal enterprises in order to show spacialization information through GOD methodology and SURFER™ version 6.0 software. With this GOD methodology it was possible to foresee and assess aquiferous natural vulnerability through the following parameters: degree of hydraulic confinement (G; occurrence of suprajascent (O; and distance of water level (D. An MS Excel™ spreadsheet was utilized to display underground water hydrodynamic and physical-chemical parameters. The potentiometric surface is here indicative of the underground fluxes, and the fluorine concentrations and the vulnerability index are illustrated. The range of

  8. Plantas medicinais usadas para a saúde bucal pela comunidade do bairro Santa Cruz, Chapada dos Guimarães, MT, Brasil Medicinal plants used for oral health in the Santa Cruz neighborhood, Chapada dos Guimarães, Mato Grosso State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneliza Meireles Borba

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Em Mato Grosso, populações tradicionais recorrem ao uso de espécies vegetais como alternativa terapêutica. Na cidade de Chapada dos Guimarães, o bairro Santa Cruz se destaca por abrigar famílias nascidas em áreas urbanas ou rurais que conservam esses conhecimentos transmitidos por gerações. Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo o levantamento das plantas medicinais utilizadas pela comunidade local, indicações terapêuticas, preparos e modos de uso visando a manutenção e recuperação da saúde bucal. Foram entrevistados 40 residentes, através de abordagem qualitativa, usando entrevista semi-estruturada. As espécies catalogadas foram depositadas para identificação no UFMT/Herbário Central. Foram citadas 87 espécies pertencentes a 48 famílias utilizadas na saúde bucal, encontradas no bioma Cerrado ou cultivadas nas residências. Conforme as afecções bucais citadas, as espécies utilizadas são: para erupção dentária: camomila (Matricaria chamomilla L.; candidíases, estomatites, gengivites e afta: açafrão (Crocus sativus L.; dor de dente: arnica-da-serra (Brickelia brasiliensis (Spreng. Robinson. A folha foi a parte da planta mais usada e o chá, por decocção, modo de preparo mais comum. Pessoas idosas, líderes comunitários, parteiras e benzedeiras entrevistados apresentaram um maior conhecimento sobre o assunto. Constatou-se que a comunidade utiliza espécies vegetais, nativas do cerrado ou exóticas, com finalidade terapêutica para manutenção e recuperação da saúde bucal, sendo uma alternativa tradicional, econômica e atuante.In the State of Mato Grosso, traditional populations turn to the use of many plant species as a therapeutic alternative. In the city of Chapada dos Guimarães, the Santa Cruz neighborhood is well known for harboring families from urban and rural communities who preserve this knowledge passed down through many generations. The objective of this research was to survey the medicinal plants used

  9. Simulation of climate change in San Francisco Bay Basins, California: Case studies in the Russian River Valley and Santa Cruz Mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flint, Lorraine E.; Flint, Alan L.

    2012-01-01

    As a result of ongoing changes in climate, hydrologic and ecologic effects are being seen across the western United States. A regional study of how climate change affects water resources and habitats in the San Francisco Bay area relied on historical climate data and future projections of climate, which were downscaled to fine spatial scales for application to a regional water-balance model. Changes in climate, potential evapotranspiration, recharge, runoff, and climatic water deficit were modeled for the Bay Area. In addition, detailed studies in the Russian River Valley and Santa Cruz Mountains, which are on the northern and southern extremes of the Bay Area, respectively, were carried out in collaboration with local water agencies. Resource managers depend on science-based projections to inform planning exercises that result in competent adaptation to ongoing and future changes in water supply and environmental conditions. Results indicated large spatial variability in climate change and the hydrologic response across the region; although there is warming under all projections, potential change in precipitation by the end of the 21st century differed according to model. Hydrologic models predicted reduced early and late wet season runoff for the end of the century for both wetter and drier future climate projections, which could result in an extended dry season. In fact, summers are projected to be longer and drier in the future than in the past regardless of precipitation trends. While water supply could be subject to increased variability (that is, reduced reliability) due to greater variability in precipitation, water demand is likely to steadily increase because of increased evapotranspiration rates and climatic water deficit during the extended summers. Extended dry season conditions and the potential for drought, combined with unprecedented increases in precipitation, could serve as additional stressors on water quality and habitat. By focusing on the

  10. Caracterización geosísmica de un sector de traza de la Ruta Nº 40: Provincia de Santa Cruz - Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Luis Imhof

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Con el objetivo de caracterizar las distintas calidades de terrenos subyacentes para el proyecto de pavimentación de la Ruta Nacional Nº 40, en la provincia de Santa Cruz, se llevaron a cabo tareas de prospección sísmica de refracción. La finalidad que se persiguió fue estudiar el grado de escarificabilidad del subsuelo bajo la traza mencionada, a lo largo de una extensión de 5000 m, comprendidos en dos secciones cercanas entre sí. Esta determinación permite calcular costos de voladuras o escarificables. La zona de estudio se caracteriza por presentar un paisaje típico de estepa patagónica, con presencia de coladas basálticas indicando vulcanismo antiguo. En la superficie se observó suelos aluvionales finos a medios con presencia en ocasiones de orgánicos y además en algunos sitios grandes bloques de basalto. Se realizaron 50 tendidos sísmicos, los cuáles fueron distribuidos a lo largo de la traza en forma continua. En cada uno de los tendidos se efectuaron lecturas de ida, vuelta, desde el punto central hacia los extremos y 2 tiros lejanos; la configuración de geófonos y disparos se determinó en campo en pruebas previas y de acuerdo a la disponibilidad de espacio. En general la longitud de los perfiles estuvo situada entre 25 y 100m y la separación entre geófonos fue de 5m, con objeto de garantizar el detalle de la investigación. La distribución y cantidad de disparos que se utilizó tuvo por objetivo calcular con precisión velocidades aparentes y de esta forma las verdaderas, calcular inclinaciones de refractores, delimitar el refractor profundo con la mayor precisión posible y asegurar una profundidad de investigación de por lo menos 15 metros. En el procesamiento se procedió a la determinación de los primeros arribos; éstos se representaron en función de las distancias mutuas entre geófonos, en la forma habitual de dromocronas para la posterior ayuda a la interpretación. Una vez efectuado el trazado de las

  11. Official Centre Hospitality

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sylvain Dufour

    2017-06-28

    Jun 28, 2017 ... following aspects must be present: • the function exposes individuals visiting from overseas to examples of Canadian or regional art and culture; and. • the function is less expensive than meal-type hospitality. Hospitality activities usually have no formal agenda and program. The emphasis is on networking.

  12. Virtual Pediatric Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Thoracopaedia - An Imaging Encyclopedia of Pediatric Thoracic Disease Virtual Pediatric Hospital is the Apprentice's Assistant™ Last revised ... pediatric resources: GeneralPediatrics.com | PediatricEducation.org | SearchingPediatrics.com Virtual Pediatric Hospital is curated by Donna M. D' ...

  13. Towards the collaborative hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prætorius, Thim; Hasle, Peter; Edwards, Kasper

    2015-01-01

    Hospitals are increasingly faced with conflicting demands as they have to respond to increasing patient demands as well as financial, clinical and quality challenges. To handle these demands the hospital need to reconfigure its organization, and we propose to build on a concept for the collaborat......Hospitals are increasingly faced with conflicting demands as they have to respond to increasing patient demands as well as financial, clinical and quality challenges. To handle these demands the hospital need to reconfigure its organization, and we propose to build on a concept...... for the collaborative hospital as new organizational form which is better equipped to respond to the challenges facing modern hospitals. The collaborative hospital is an ambidextrous organization that opens for pursuing both exploration and exploitation within the same organizational structure. The basic principles...... of the collaborative hospital concern the creation of an appropriate balance between standardization and local autonomy, shared purpose centred around providing the best possible care, and use of enabling structures that sustain the new ways of collaborative work. The chapter builds on the theoretical framework...

  14. Hospitality Occupations. Curriculum Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of Homemaking Education.

    This curriculum guide on the hospitality occupations was developed to help secondary and postsecondary home economics teachers prepare individuals for entry-level jobs in the hospitality industry. The content is in seven sections. The first section presents organizational charts of a medium-size hotel, food and beverage division, housekeeping and…

  15. Moving a hospital library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridges, Jane

    2009-01-01

    Many hospital libraries suffer from being poorly housed. This article describes a successful effort to find better space for a hospital library. Issues of planning, staff participation, and implementation are discussed, including constraints, what worked well, and what could have worked better.

  16. [Music in the hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouteloup, Philippe

    2010-01-01

    Occasional events, regular workshops, concerts, shows, artists in residence, cultural outings...Hospital does not necessarily have to be a place of silence and sadness. But this situation has not always been so straightforward as on the face of it, nothing is more incompatible with a hospital environment than music, which, by definition, is festive and noisy.

  17. Hospitality Services. Curriculum Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock. Home Economics Curriculum Center.

    This guide, which was developed as part of Texas' home economics education program, is intended to assist teachers of a hospitality services course focusing on the food and lodging segments of the hospitality and tourism industry. The first 40% of the approximately 600-page guide consists of strategies for teaching each of 29 essential…

  18. Hospitality, Tourism, and Recreation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novachek, James

    The Northern Arizona Hospitality Education Program is an exemplary three-year project designed to help students, mainly Indian, obtain job skills and attitudes necessary for successful employment in the hospitality industry. Nine high schools from Apache, Coconino, and Navajo Counties participated in the project. Objectives included providing an…

  19. Hospital Returns - National

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital returns – national data. This data set includes national-level data for the hospital return days (or excess days in acute care) measures and the 30-day...

  20. Hospital Returns - State

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital returns – state data. This data set includes state-level data for the hospital return days (or excess days in acute care) measures and the 30-day...

  1. The interstices of hospitality

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    jane.b

    drew an interpretative picture of the dynamic of hospitality,. I prepared a descriptive scheme, with times .... the development of which may result in a pacifying effect, sentiments that range from friendship, love and ..... momentarily, the guest reassumes his position of superiority. All this takes place as if the hospitality scene ...

  2. Hospital radiopharmacy training program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kawada, T; Wolf, W; Mochizuki, D

    1975-06-01

    Training of radiopharmacists, including self-study and a hospital short-term course, is discussed. A systematic approach for self-study is suggested. The 30-day hospital training program described includes both didactic material and on-the-job experience.

  3. Heritage, Tourism and Hospitality

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Laarse, van der R.; Egberts, L.

    Heritage, Tourism and HospitalityInternational Conference 2015 (HTHIC2015)Preservation, Presentation, Promotion and ProfitResearch Agendas, Best Practices and Hospitable Partnerships in TourismFollowing the success of the first conference in the series in Istanbul, Rotterdam School of

  4. The Ethic of Hospitality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Muller

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The idea of hospitality is evident in several types of human behavior including obligatory duties, commercial activity, and prosocial action. These are intertwined and revolve around the commitment to caring for others whether they are relatives, guests, or strangers. This article explores the ethic of hospitality in its various forms.

  5. Hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frandsen, F; Nielsen, J R; Gram, L

    1989-01-01

    During the period 1.10.1986-30.9.1987, all patients with cardiac arrest outside hospital brought to the casualty department in Odense Hospital were registered. Out of 160 patients, 133 (83%) could be primarily resuscitated, 19 (12%) were resuscitated but died later in hospital and eight patients (5......%) were resuscitated and could be discharged alive from hospital. Out of the eight patients who were discharged alive, only two (1%) had retained reasonable cerebral function as assessed by dementia testing. Treatment of the cardiac arrest prior to the arrival of the ambulance, duration of the cardiac...... arrest for less than six minutes and staffing of the ambulance with three first-aid men were factors of decisive importance for survival of the patients. The results of this investigation demonstrate that treatment of cardiac arrest outside hospital is unsatisfactory. Proposals for improvement...

  6. On spaces of hospitality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Anni

    Although specialists in hospitality have worked extensively on hospitality with respect to relations between different nations or between nations and individuals of a different nationality, for instance when they seek asylum, Jacques Derrida preferred to focus instead upon the relationship between...... the guest and the host. This has provided a much-needed rethinking of how to understand hospitality as a way of relating, as an ethics and as a politics. Within this work, there have often appeared discussions of ‘spaces of hospitality’, but these spaces have remained largely abstract. This is where...... this paper comes in: It will re open discussions of spaces of hospitality with an introduction into an on-going research project that studies the performative, structural and social dynamics of cultural encounters focusing on forms of hospitality that are related to particular sites in the city, namely...

  7. in a Nigerian teaching hospital

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study was conducted at the University of llorin. Teaching Hospital (U1TH) llorin between May and June 2002. The Hospital is a second generation Teaching Hospital es- tablished on 2nd May, 1980. Currently, the hospital has a total bed space of 515 distributed as follows: i. General Hospital Wing, llorin with 304 beds;.

  8. Propuesta de modelo de gestión de calidad para mejorar la bioseguridad en el quirófano del Hospital República del Ecuador en la Isla Santa Cruz.

    OpenAIRE

    Hasing Méndez, Jessica Estela

    2015-01-01

    La gestión de calidad para mejorar la bioseguridad en el quirófano es posible siempre y cuando se fusionen los conocimientos, funciones y esfuerzo y sobre todo concienciación de los administradores, doctores y enfermeras sobre la noble labor que se realiza en los hospitales. Es importante saber que si los profesionales no conocen las normas básicas de bioseguridad o se desconoce la acertada implementación de las mismas se pueden cometer errores que ponen en riesgo su vida, y además la ...

  9. Patient Survey (PCH - HCAHPS) PPS-exempt Cancer Hospital - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospital ratings for the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital...

  10. Developing an Ecosystem Services Online Decision Support Tool to Assess the Impacts of Climate Change and Urban Growth in the Santa Cruz Watershed; Where We Live, Work, and Play

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles van Riper III

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Using respective strengths of the biological, physical, and social sciences, we are developing an online decision support tool, the Santa Cruz Watershed Ecosystem Portfolio Model (SCWEPM, to help promote the use of information relevant to water allocation and land management in a binational watershed along the U.S.-Mexico border. The SCWEPM will include an ES valuation system within a suite of linked regional driver-response models and will use a multicriteria scenario-evaluation framework that builds on GIS analysis and spatially-explicit models that characterize important ecological, economic, and societal endpoints and consequences that are sensitive to climate patterns, regional water budgets, and regional LULC change in the SCW.

  11. Análisis de seguridad y salud ocupacional en el equipo de investigación a cargo del proyecto puesta en valor del patrimonio cultural del noreste de Santa Cruz a través del turismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ester Beatriz Bravo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El equipo de investigación al que la becaria se incorpora, indaga el patrimonio cultural del noreste de Santa Cruz. Su plan de formación buscaba vincular el objeto de análisis con la Tecnicatura Universitaria en Seguridad e Higiene en el Trabajo que la alumna estudia. Resultó prioritario trabajar en el análisis de las condiciones propias de desempeño del equipo de investigación en relación a la seguridad, con el anhelo de contribuir al desarrollo de un sistema de gestión de Seguridad y Salud Ocupacional –recientemente iniciado- para posteriormente, adaptarlo a los diversos sitios y lugares de patrimonio cultural regionales.

  12. "Turismo de galpão" : uma etnografia sobre o acolhimento do fenômeno do turismo, nos festejos/festivais tradicionalistas, em Porto Alegre e Santa Cruz do Sul, no Rio Grande do Sul

    OpenAIRE

    Laís Góis Soares

    2014-01-01

    O presente trabalho busca compreender as múltiplas percepções dos atores sociais em face à implementação da prática turística em três dos principais eventos tradicionalistas: O Acampamento Farroupilha, o Desfile Temático e o Encontro de Artes e Tradição Gaúcha (ENART). O trabalho analisa o Encontro de Artes e Tradição na cidade de Santa Cruz do Sul, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, buscando expor os processos de atualização sob os quais o mesmo vem se submetendo, bem como, seu diálogo com o fe...

  13. Estudios ecológicos en el paramo de cruz verde, colombia i. ubicación geográfica, factores climáticos y edáficos

    OpenAIRE

    Schnetter, Reinhard; Lozano Contreras, Gustavo; Schnetter, Marie Luise; Cardozo G., Hernán

    2012-01-01

    En el Páramo de Cruz Verde, situado cerca de Bogotá, se realizaron estudios sobre las condiciones climáticas y edáficas de la región, a una altura de 3300 - 3400 m aproximadamente. La temperatura medida a 1 m de profundidad fue de 10,3° C. Se determinaron temperaturas del aire en las horas tempranas de la tarde entre 9°'C y 12,8° C a 1 m de altura. Mediciones de la radiación global dieron por resultado valores entre 0,19 y 0,51 cal/cm2 min para las mismas horas del día, bajo condiciones de ci...

  14. LA FÉNIX DE MÉXICO SOR JUANA INÉS DE LA CRUZ Y SU LUCHA POR LA LIBERTAD FEMENINA: ECOS DE LA HISTORIA DE LA MONJA LATINA DEFENSORA DE LOS DERECHOS DE LA MUJER

    OpenAIRE

    Figueiredo, Adriana do Carmo

    2015-01-01

    Este artículo tiene como propuesta analizar algunos textos literarios barrocos de autoría de la monja mexicana Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz (1648*-1695), religiosa-intelectual que vivió en el período seiscentista del México colonial, siglo XVII, conocido como la Nueva España. Como metodología de investigación, ha sido adoptado el método cualitativo con las técnicas del análisis del discurso de la literatura barroca y del contexto cultural en que vivió la monja mexicana, además del diálogo herme...

  15. Análisis del posible impacto ambiental que produciría la instalación de aerogeneradores en la región central de la provincia de Santa Cruz

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Ana

    2013-01-01

    Los beneficios de la utilización de energía eólica son múltiples, se trata de un recurso extremadamente limpio, totalmente renovable y económicamente muy competitivo. Sin embargo, también tiene algunos impactos adversos que deben ser considerados a la hora de la elección de la ubicación del parque eólico. La provincia de Santa Cruz cuenta para el año 2012 con un parque eólico en funcionamiento y 12 proyectos, donde los EIA presentados no tienen la suficiente calidad ya que no existe ningún ti...

  16. Los lugares de lo político, los desplazamientos del símbolo. Poder y simbolismo en la obra de Victor W. Turner, de Rodrigo Díaz Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dario Ranocchiari

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Este es un libro que hacía falta desde hace mucho tiempo. Puede que eso quiera decir —como sugiere el autor en la introducción— que habría sido mejor si se hubiese publicado hace veinte o treinta años, pero mi opinión es que no hay momentos mejores de este para redescubrir la obra de Victor Turner (1920-1983. ¿Habrían tenido que publicarse ya en los 1970 y 1980 estudios críticos analíticos y bien fundamentados sobre las muchas almas de la antropología turneriana? Sí, indudablemente. Pero la lectura que de ella nos proporciona en 2014 Rodrigo Díaz Cruz no habría podido hacerse en pleno auge de la antropología interpretativa o de la posmoderna.

  17. A sustentabilidade urbana analisada através do estudo de implantação de corredores verdes em dois logradouros da cidade de Cruz Alta/RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariela Camargo

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available O contexto urbano em que vivemos atualmente tem o compromisso de romper paradigmas passados onde se acreditava que a natureza existia exclusivamente para servir ao homem. Hoje sabemos o papel que o meio ambiente exerce sobre o planejamento urbano, pois em tempos de globalização onde a selva de concreto cresce em níveis exponenciais, as infraestruturas verdes de uma cidade caminham em direção oposta a isso, criando zonas de amortecimento climático, áreas de escoamento das águas pluviais, acolhimento da fauna, espaços de lazer e contemplação, dentre inúmeros outros benefícios físicos e sociais. Levando em consideração esses critérios, realizou-se uma pesquisa qualitativa que tinha como objetivo principal realizar estudos que confirmassem a possibilidade da implantação de infraestruturas verdes planejadas na cidade de Cruz Alta. Para isso, foram avaliadas diversas ruas da cidade que teriam potencial para abranger o estudo, sendo que as duas eleitas para o desenvolvimento do projeto foi a Rua Mariz e Barros e a Avenida General Câmara. A partir daí, foi feito um levantamento rigoroso de ambas, considerando diversas propriedades como: dimensões do passeio público e do leito carroçável, arborização existente, posicionamento da rede elétrica, fluxo de veículos, percurso populacional, entre outros. A pesquisa serviu para criar discussões iniciais e embasamento para que se possa, a partir de então, desenvolver projetos para a efetivação desse conceito, onde serão estabelecidos critérios para a qualificação das áreas verdes já existentes em Cruz Alta.

  18. The conquered conqueror Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca and the conquered conqueror Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. Analysis of two divergent identities from two brief works

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Rodríguez Díaz del Real

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Starting from two recent critical publications against the fatalism of the traditional discourse of the (anti-Spanish Black Legend, which do not pretend to be revisionist but instead point out certain positive aspects to the conquest of the Americas, the article contrasts two works that illustrate the permeability of two minds who wanted to open up to diversity: Álvar Núnez Cabeza de Vaca with his Shipwrecks (Naufragios on the one hand, and Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz with his Allegorical Neptune (Neptuno alegórico on the other. Only half a century after the discovery of America, and in the exact year of the New Laws of Charles V, which reflect the spirit of Las Casas critics and a defence of the Indian that later landed in the anti-Spanish Black Legend, Cabeza de Vaca presents a case of self-discovery as a fascinated conqueror who ends up conquered by the very environment that he is supposed to dominate; by a world that is too different and mysterious not to arouse his curiosity. The article contrasts this adventure of empathy and knowledge towards the other with an original work by Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Neptuno alegórico (1680, which represents another kind of journey, more a literary than autobiographical one, of the American world towards a Baroque or European “otherness”. In spite of the considerable time that separates each case, and of the logical and predictable divergences in terms of literary genre, both works are united by a willingness to be carried away by cultural spheres and aesthetic guidelines that are far from the known world, doing what today we would call “leaving one’s comfort zone”, but achieving an enrichment of the authors’ own lived and creative experience, as well as the literary horizon of the reader.

  19. Ante el traspaso de dos decanos muy relevantes de la Facultad de Derecho de Málaga (Antonio Pérez de la Cruz Blanco y Alejandro Rodríguez Carrión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel J. Peláez

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Tratamos de hacernos eco en las presentes líneas de dos Decanos de la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Málaga, fallecidos en circunstancias diversas en el año 2009, que marcaron de forma extraordinaria la evolución de dicha Facultad. El primero, Antonio Pérez de la Cruz Blanco, catedrático de Derecho mercantil, y el segundo Alejandro Rodríguez Carrión, catedrático de Derecho internacional público y Relaciones internacionales, que estuvo al frente del decanato durante cuatro periodos, de desigual extensión y espaciados en el tiempo los dos primeros de los segundos. El actual decano de la Facultad de Derecho, Juan José Hinojosa, con buen criterio, ha deseado homenajear a ambos, pero lamentablemente solo al segundo se le han organizado actos de momento en la Facultad de Derecho de Málaga. A Pérez de la Cruz se le ha tributado un homenaje en la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Alcalá de Henares y se ha publicado una miscelánea de trabajos en su homenaje. A Rodríguez Carrión llevamos tres años y diez meses insistiendo que se le organice una miscelánea en dos volúmenes recogiendo trabajos científicos de su área de conocimiento en el primero y de Varia Iuridica en el segundo. De momento nada se ha avanzado al respecto de lo que me alcance la noticia.

  20. Estado de situación de los sitios arqueológicos en relación con el turismo en Santa Cruz (Argentina. La visión del arqueólogo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Flavia Elena Carballo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los circuitos turísticos no convencionales como Patagonia reciben cada vez mayor interés mundial debido a que no sólo promueven el atractivo natural de la región, sino también la visita a lugares en los que se encuentran bienes arqueológicos. Cualquier actividad que no considere medidas que mitiguen las acciones que se ejerzan sobre el registro arqueológico le producirá un daño irreversible. Si bien la problemática referida al turismo y patrimonio arqueológico usado como recurso turístico ha sido debatida muy ampliamente por décadas a nivel nacional y en la provincia de Santa Cruz, aún no se logra una tarea conjunta entre las instituciones involucradas en la preservación de los bienes arqueológicos. En este trabajo se hace referencia a un estado de la cuestión en la provincia de Santa Cruz y se delinea una metodología que contempla los criterios de una adecuada preservación del registro arqueológico para una correcta regulación de la oferta al público. Entre otros elementos de enfoque, se encuadra la situación en una necesaria perspectiva a escala de ordenamiento y planificación territorial, como marco más general para insertar la problemática, en pos de un equilibrio entre conservación y desarrollo.

  1. Hospital Readmission Reduction

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — In October 2012, CMS began reducing Medicare payments for Inpatient Prospective Payment System hospitals with excess readmissions. Excess readmissions are measured...

  2. Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — In October 2012, CMS began reducing Medicare payments for Inpatient Prospective Payment System hospitals with excess readmissions. Excess readmissions are measured...

  3. Hospital Compare Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — These are the official datasets used on the Medicare.gov Hospital Compare Website provided by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. These data allow you to...

  4. Outpatient Imaging Efficiency - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Use of medical imaging - provider data. These measures give you information about hospitals' use of medical imaging tests for outpatients. Examples of medical...

  5. THE HOSPITALITY SUITE

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lauren McKay

    2010-01-01

    ...), the hotel eventually felt the need to hire a director of social hospitality. Hotels -- big and small, luxury and economy, independent and chain -- are coming to grips with a new breed of consumer...

  6. Allegheny County Hospitals

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — The data on health care facilities includes the name and location of all the hospitals and primary care facilities in Allegheny County. The current listing of...

  7. Hospital-acquired pneumonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... get pneumonia while in the hospital if they: Abuse alcohol Have had chest surgery or other major ... Treatments may include: Antibiotics through your veins (IV) to treat the lung infection. The antibiotic you are given will fight the germs that ...

  8. isolated rural hospitals

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report the results of a qualitative study that evaluated the effect of an educational intervention aimed at rural ... performance spiral in academically isolated rural hospitals. .... Heavy after-hrs workload, alcohol ... Continued academic stimula-.

  9. Allegheny County Diabetes Hospitalization

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This data includes the number of people hospitalized with diabetes between 2013-2015, by age group, for Allegheny County Zip Codes.

  10. Premier Hospital Historical Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — To provide a historical overview of the participating hospitals, before the first project report, Premier Healthcare Informatics has used data already available for...

  11. Hospital Outpatient PPS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Section 4523 of the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 (BBA) provides authority for CMS to implement a prospective payment system (PPS) under Medicare for hospital...

  12. Research in Hospitality Management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... human resources management, financial management, marketing, strategic management, economics, business forecasting, information technology and development, national and international legislation will be considered for publication. Articles covering social theory and the history and politics of the hospitality industry ...

  13. Service Robots for Hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Özkil, Ali Gürcan

    believe that these transportation tasks, to a great extent, can be and will be automated using mobile robots. This thesis consequently addresses the key technical issues of implementing service robots in hospitals. In simple terms, a robotic system for automating hospital logistics has to be reliable......, adaptable and scalable. Robots have to be semi-autonomous, and should reliably navigate in large and dynamic environments in the hospital. The complexity of the problem has to be manageable, and the solutions have to be flexible, so that the system can be applicable in real world settings. This thesis...... summarizes the efforts to address these issues. Upon the analysis of the transportation tasks and how they are currently handled in hospitals, a navigation system is envisaged. Visual tags are a part of this system, and a survey was conducted to find out the most prominent ones to be used in mobile robot...

  14. Research in Hospitality Management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research in Hospitality Management. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 5, No 1 (2015) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  15. Physician-Owned Hospitals

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Section 6001 of the Affordable Care Act of 2010 amended section 1877 of the Social Security Act to impose additional requirements for physician-owned hospitals to...

  16. Optimal Hospital Layout Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Malene Kirstine

    This PhD project presents a design model that generates and evaluates hospital designs with respect to long-term performances and functionalities. By visualizing and quantifying costs and performances in the early design phases, it is possible to make design choices based on a qualified, profound...... foundation. The basis of the present study lies in solving the architectural design problem in order to respond to functionalities and performances. The emphasis is the practical applicability for architects, engineers and hospital planners for assuring usability and a holistic approach of functionalities...... and performances. By formal descriptions, a design model can weigh and compare the impact of different perspectives and, even in the early design phase, it can visualize and quantify consequences for design choices. By qualitative study of hospital design and hospital functionality, formal descriptions develop...

  17. [Ryazan hospital--80 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klimov, A S; Gromov, M F

    2012-02-01

    In December 2011 marked 80 years of the founding of the Ryazan garrison hospital, originally housed in two buildings: "Redut housed"--a monument of architecture of the XVIII century and the former almshouses room "for the maimed in the war", was built in 1884 now Ryazan garrison hospital (from 2010--Branch No 6 FSI "in 1586 the district military hospital in the Western Military District", the Defense Ministry of Russia)--a multi-field medical preventive institution on the basis of which soldiers, military retirees, family members and military retirees from Ryazan, Moscow, Tambov regions are treated. Every year more than 7 thousand patients get treatment here. During the counterterrorism operations in Chechnya over 800 wounded were brought to the hospital from the battle area.

  18. American Hospital Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Equity of Care Hiring Veterans Hospitals Against Violence Organ Donation The Patient Care Partnership Put It In Writing ... Gout drug may increase risk of heart-related death AHA guide offers strategies for improving transportation for ...

  19. Going to the Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for kids, you'll probably also see medical students (who are learning to be doctors) and residents ( ... be glad to make you more comfortable. After spending time at the hospital, you should be on ...

  20. VT Hospital Site Locations

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) This data layer contains point locations of all major community, regional, comprehensive health, and healthcare provider hospitals in the state of...

  1. Avaliação do curso de especialização em enfermagem nas doenças infecciosas, na FIOCRUZ (1997-1999 Evaluación de la especialización en enfermería de las enfermedades infecciosas, en la FIOCRUZ (1997-1999 Evaluation of the nursing specialization course in infectious diseases at the FIOCRUZ (1997-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marizete Pereira da Silva

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available O estudo descreve a experiência de implantação e do desenvolvimento do Curso de Especialização em Enfermagem nas Doenças Infecciosas e sua operacionalização no âmbito do Centro de Pesquisa Clínica Evandro de Chagas, da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, no período de 1997 a 1999. Objetiva mostrar, sob perspectiva histórica do Hospital e das doenças infecciosas, a experiência acumulada no processo de formação de recursos humanos. Justifica o porquê da especialização nas doenças infecciosas à medida que, nos países subdesenvolvidos e em desenvolvimento, o perfil das causas de morbimortalidade ainda são significativas. Demonstra processo de adequação do curso avaliado pelos coordenadores, corpo docente e discente, durante o seu desenvolvimento, e aborda a relevância da formação na vida pessoal e profissional de seus egressos que, na sua maioria, se inseriram no mercado de trabalho e desenvolvem ações educativas, intervindo significativamente com novas práticas nos serviços de saúde.El estudio describe la experiencia de implantación y reformulación del desarrollo del Curso de Especialización en Enfermería de las Enfermedades Infecciosas y su ejecución en el ámbito del Centro de Investigación Clínica Hospital Evandro Chagas, de la Fundación Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, em el período de 1997 a 1999. Pretende mostrar sobre una perspectiva histórica del Hospital y de las enfermedades infecciosas, la experiencia acumulada en el proceso de formación de recursos humanos. Justifica el por qué de la especialización en las enfermedades infecciosas, a medida que en los países subdesarrollados y en vías de desarrollo, el perfil de las causas de morbimortalidad son significativas. Demuestra el proceso de adecuación del curso evaluado por los coordinadores, cuerpo docente y discente, durante su desarrollo y aborda la relevancia de la formación en la vida personal y profesional de sus egresados, que

  2. Nutrition support in hospitals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kondrup, Jens

    2005-01-01

    Nutrition support in hospitals is becoming an area of focus because of the evidence showing improved clinical outcome with nutrition support, its status as a human rights issue and its integration into quality assurance.......Nutrition support in hospitals is becoming an area of focus because of the evidence showing improved clinical outcome with nutrition support, its status as a human rights issue and its integration into quality assurance....

  3. Critical hospitality management research

    OpenAIRE

    Lugosi, Peter; Lynch, Paul; Morrison, Alison

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of critical hospitality management research (CHMR) and explores key issues that such approaches raise. The paper is split into two parts. The first reviews contemporary writings that reflect the changing nature of hospitality management research and accounts for the emergence of a critical tradition. The second part identifies eight areas which are central concerns for the future development of CHMR: criticality, ethics and advocacy, scale, claims of legit...

  4. Construction of two wind power plants of the company ENERCON GmbH of the type E-40 with a capacity of 600 kW each in the vicinity of the city Pico Truncado in the state Santa Cruz, Argentina. Final report; Aufbau von zwei Windenergieanlagen der Firma ENERCON GmbH vom Typ E-40 mit einer Leistung von jeweils ca. 500 kW in der Naehe der Stadt Pico Truncado im Bundesstaat Santa Cruz, Argentinien. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuhlmann, M.

    2001-07-01

    The project included the delivery of two wind power plants of the type ENERCON E-40 with a capacity of 600 kW each to Argentina as a replacement for an existing, deactivated wind park consisting of 10 plants. The site of the wind energy plants is located in the vicinity of the city Pico Truncado in the state Santa Cruz. The frame of the project consisted of signing a contract with the city administration of Pico Truncado, disassembling the existing wind park, preparing the site for the construction of the two 600 kW plants, installing them and putting them into operation as fast as possible. The aim of the project was to point the way for wind energy at an early stage in the expanding South American markets for regenerative energy. Furthermore the export successes of ENERCO in Brasilia were supposed to be transferred to Argentina. The present project was a model example for the extension of ENERCON activities in South America. (orig.) [German] Das Vorhaben umfasste die Lieferung von zwei Windenergieanlagen des Typs ENERCON E-40 mit einer Leistung von je 600 kW nach Argentinien als Ersatz fuer einen bestehenden, ausser Betrieb befindlichen Windpark von 10 Anlagen. Der Standort der Windenergieanlagen liegt in der Naehe der Stadt Pico Truncado im Staate Santa Cruz. Es galt im Rahmen des Projektes einen Vertrag mit der Stadtverwaltung von Pico Truncado zu schliessen, den bestehenden Windpark abzubauen, den Standort fuer den Neubau der beiden 600 kW Anlagen vorzubereiten sowie diese schnellstmoeglich zu installieren und in Betrieb zu nehmen. Ein Ziel des Vorhabens war es, in den aufstrebenden suedarmerikanischen Maerkten fuer regenerative Energie fruehzeitig ein Zeichen fuer die Windenergie zu setzen. Zudem sollten die Exporterfolge ENERCONs in Brasilien auch auf den Nachbarstaat Argentinien uebertragen werden. Das vorliegende Projekt hatte somit Modellcharakter fuer die Erweiterung der ENERCON Aktivitaeten in Suedamerika. (orig.)

  5. EFECTOS DE LA SEPARACIÓN MATERNA TEMPRANA SOBRE EL DESEMPEÑO EN EL LABERINTO EN CRUZ ELEVADO EN RATAS ADULTAS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duenas Zulma

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Se ha demostrado que alteraciones en la interacción madre-cría produce efectos duraderos sobre el desarrollo cerebral y comportamental; de esta forma sujetos expuestos a estrés por Separación Materna Temprana (SMT presentan variaciones en los comportamientos indicadores de ansiedad. El objetivo del presente estudio fue el de investigar los efectos específicos del estrés por SMT sobre los comportamientos indicadores de ansiedad en ratas Wistar adultas machos y hembras. Las ratas fueron anidadas con ciclo luz/oscuridad invertido (7 p.m./7 a.m., agua y comida ad libitum. El procedimiento de separación se realizó dos veces diarias durante los días postnatales 1 al 21 (7:30 a.m. a 10:30 a.m. y 1:30 a 4:30 p.m.. Los comportamientos indicadores de ansiedad fueron evaluados por medio del laberinto en cruz elevado (LCE cuando las crías alcanzaron un peso de 230 gramos. Se encontró que el estrés por SMT tiene efectos específicos para cada sexo sobre los comportamientos relacionados con la ansiedad, las hembras separadas maternalmente presentaron un perfil ansioso menor que las no separadas y los machos separados mostraron un mayor conflicto exploración/evitación. Estos resultados validan hallazgos

  6. Hospitals look to hospitality service firms to meet TQM goals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hard, R

    1992-05-20

    Hospitals that hire contract service firms to manage one or all aspects of their hospitality service departments increasingly expect those firms to help meet total quality management goals as well as offer the more traditional cost reduction, quality improvement and specialized expertise, finds the 1992 Hospital Contract Services Survey conducted by Hospitals.

  7. Trick questions: cosmopolitan hospitality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eleanor Byrne

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Byrne’s paper consists of two parallel texts. The first explores the limits of cosmopolitanism in practice, taking as its subject the Life in the UK Citizenship Test, inaugurated under the Labour Government in 2005. It argues that the test exemplifies the predicament of all attempts at cosmopolitan hospitality as unconditional welcoming, through a discussion of the relation between questioning and welcoming the stranger. Establishing the relationship between cosmopolitanism and hospitality as envisaged in Derrida’s reading of Kant it asks what kind of cosmopolitan hospitality is either possible or desirable by exploring what Derrida calls the ‘perversions’ inherent in the structures of hospitality. It focuses on the concept of the ‘trick questions’ that the state asks the foreigner observed by Derrida in his reading of The Apology of Socrates; questions that seem to invite answers but foreclose the possibilities of a free response. The second text asks how this logic that Derrida identifies can be pushed or coaxed into new ways of addressing the perceived threats of ‘unconditional’ hospitality through a reading of ‘unconditional hospitality’ as queer in the work of Tove Jansson.

  8. Improving Hospital Discharge Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Eid, Ghada R.; Kaddoum, Roland; Tamim, Hani; Hitti, Eveline A.

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Delays in discharging patients can impact hospital and emergency department (ED) throughput. The discharge process is complex and involves setting specific challenges that limit generalizability of solutions. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of using Six Sigma methods to improve the patient discharge process. This is a quantitative pre and post-intervention study. Three hundred and eighty-six bed tertiary care hospital. A series of Six Sigma driven interventions over a 10-month period. The primary outcome was discharge time (time from discharge order to patient leaving the room). Secondary outcome measures included percent of patients whose discharge order was written before noon, percent of patients leaving the room by noon, hospital length of stay (LOS), and LOS of admitted ED patients. Discharge time decreased by 22.7% from 2.2 hours during the preintervention period to 1.7 hours post-intervention (P discharge. Hospital LOS dropped from 3.4 to 3.1 days postintervention (P hospital was significantly lower in the postintervention period (6.9 ± 7.8 vs 5.9 ± 7.7 hours; P discharge time. The focus of institutions aspiring to tackle delays in the discharge process should be on adopting the core principles of Six Sigma rather than specific interventions that may be institution-specific. PMID:25816029

  9. Hacking the hospital environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boisen, Kirsten A; Boisen, Anne Bank; Thomsen, Stine Legarth

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: There is a need for youth-friendly hospital environments as the ward environment may affect both patient satisfaction and health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To involve young people in designing youth-friendly ward environment. METHODS: We arranged a design competition lasting 42 h (Hackathon...... in two-bed wardrooms and social contact with other hospitalized AYA. The winning project included an integrated concept for both wardrooms and the AYA day room, including logos and names for the rooms and an 'energy wall' in the day room. CONCLUSION: A hackathon event was an effective mode of youth...... participation. The design concepts and ideas were in line with current evidence regarding pleasing hospital environment and youth-friendly inpatient facilities and may be applicable to other young patients....

  10. Patient life in hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ludvigsen, Mette Spliid

    Patient life in hospital.A qualitative study of informal relationships between hospitalised patients Introduction Within a patientology framework, this PhD dissertation is about an empirical study on patient life that provides insight into the nature of informal relationships between patients...... in the various hospital wards gives a varied potential for mutuality and the development of relationships. When patients build these informal and often short-lived relationships, they may make possible the intensifying of their wellbeing and possibly improve healing processes within themselves when they engage...

  11. Hospitality and aesthetics

    OpenAIRE

    Bergflødt, Sigurd

    2013-01-01

    Tobias Nygren is Professor and Head of Department at the School of Hospitality, Culinary Arts, and Meal Science in Grythyttan, Sweden. He has been working for several years on meals, restaurants and hospitality. We meet at Grythyttan, and we need a few more lines to describe the place, which is quite unique in the Nordic food landscape. The School of Culinary Arts is a branch of the Örebro University and since 1993 it has offered multidisciplinary studies, combining science with practical sk...

  12. [Standardization of hospital feeding].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caracuel García, Ángel Manuel

    2015-05-07

    Normalization can be understood as the establishing measures against repetitive situations through the development, dissemination, and application of technical design documents called standards. In Andalusia there are 45 public hospitals with 14,606 beds, and in which 11,700 full pensions / day are served. The Working Group on Hospital Food Standardization of the Andalusian Society for Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, started in 2010, working on the certification of suppliers, product specifications, and meals technical card. - Develop a specific tool to help improving food safety through the certification of their suppliers. - Develop a standardized technical specifications of foodstuffs necessary for the development of menus established codes diets Andalusian hospitals document. - Develop a catalog of data sheets plates of hospital meals, to homogenize menus, respecting local and unifying criteria for qualitative and quantitative ingredients. - Providing documentation and studying of several public hospitals in Andalusia: • Product specifications and certification of suppliers. • International standards certification and distribution companies. • Legislation. • Data sheets for the menu items. • Specifications of different product procurement procedures. - Development of the draft standard HOSPIFOOD®, and approval of the version “0.0”. - Training course for auditors to this standard. - Development of a raw materials catalog as technical cards. - Meals Technical cards review and election of the ones which will be part of the document. After nearly three years of work, we have achieved the following products: - Standardized database of technical specifications for the production of food dietary codes for: fish, seafood, meat and meat products, meats and pates, ready meals, bread and pastries, preserves, milk and dairy products, oils, cereals, legumes , vegetables, fruits, fresh and frozen vegetables, condiments and spices. - Standardized database of

  13. Rural hospital wages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendricks, Ann M.

    1989-01-01

    Average fiscal year 1982 wages from 2,302 rural American hospitals were used to test for a gradient descending from hospitals in counties adjacent to metropolitan areas to those not adjacent. Considerable variation in the ratios of adjacent to nonadjacent averages existed. No statistically significant difference was found, however. Of greater importance in explaining relative wages within States were occupational mix, mix of part-time and full-time workers, case mix, presence of medical residencies, and location in a high-rent county within the State. Medicare already adjusts payments for only two of these variables. PMID:10313454

  14. Toward healthier hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mintzberg, H

    1997-01-01

    This article builds around a framework of cure, care, control, and community, with collaboration at the center, to consider 12 issues common to many hospitals. These include, among others, the fragmentation of efforts, confusion in mission (and in mission statements), the problems of bundling research with clinical work, selectivity in informing board members, the dangers of professional management, and the difficulties of combining external advocacy with internal reconciliation in the senior manager's job. The article concludes that hospitals could better learn how to solve systemic problems systemically, and that to do so will require not the wish lists of strategic planning and structural reorganizing, but tangible changes in their collective behavior.

  15. Hospitality, Tourism, and Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen W. Litvin

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Government policy has a significant impact on the hospitality and tourism industry, but it is unclear if political leaders fully understand this economic sector when crafting policies. This article offers new research about the direct involvement of industry practitioners in the political process, by analyzing the backgrounds of legislators in the six New England states. The data indicate that only 3% of these legislators have current or former careers related to hospitality and tourism. The author suggests that practitioners should seek election to political office, to better influence government policy.

  16. Hospital mergers: a panacea?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weil, Thomas

    2010-10-01

    Hospital mergers in Europe and North America have been launched to scale down expenditure, enhance the delivery of health care and elevate quality. However, the outcome of mergers suggest that they neither generated cost savings nor improved the quality of care. Almost all consolidations fall short, since those in leadership positions lack the necessary understanding and appreciation of the differences in culture, values and goals of the existing facilities. In spite of these shortcomings, hospital mergers will continue to be pursued in order to improve market share, eliminate excess capacity, gain access to capital and enhance the personal egos of the organizations' leaders.

  17. Managing hospitals in dynamic environments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Godiwalla, Y H; Batra, H C; Johnson, J A; Godiwalla, S Y

    1997-01-01

    Hospital environments have changed dramatically over the past two decades. Hospitals now have to contend with the dynamics of regulation, market forces, and quality and cost-conscious environments. The strategies proposed here emulate the changes pursued by much of US industry. Provides a framework for analysing hospital environments. Applies Deming's total quality management concepts to hospitals. Also suggests strategies to deal effectively with different types of hospital environments.

  18. Hospital Prices Increase in California, Especially Among Hospitals in the Largest Multi-hospital Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn A. Melnick PhD

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available A surge in hospital consolidation is fueling formation of ever larger multi-hospital systems throughout the United States. This article examines hospital prices in California over time with a focus on hospitals in the largest multi-hospital systems. Our data show that hospital prices in California grew substantially (+76% per hospital admission across all hospitals and all services between 2004 and 2013 and that prices at hospitals that are members of the largest, multi-hospital systems grew substantially more (113% than prices paid to all other California hospitals (70%. Prices were similar in both groups at the start of the period (approximately $9200 per admission. By the end of the period, prices at hospitals in the largest systems exceeded prices at other California hospitals by almost $4000 per patient admission. Our study findings are potentially useful to policy makers across the country for several reasons. Our data measure actual prices for a large sample of hospitals over a long period of time in California. California experienced its wave of consolidation much earlier than the rest of the country and as such our findings may provide some insights into what may happen across the United States from hospital consolidation including growth of large, multi-hospital systems now forming in the rest of the rest of the country.

  19. The interstices of hospitality

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    jane.b

    that mixes ideals of goodness and beauty. What is the ritual of hospitality? It is a scene, in the theatrical sense of the word, with two central actors, whether individual or collective, one considered to be the host and the other the guest, with precise marking points in both time and space. Whether in the home, in the street, ...

  20. Innovations in Hospitality Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dzhandzhugazova, Elena A.; Blinova, Ekaterina A.; Orlova, Liubov N.; Romanova, Marianna M.

    2016-01-01

    The article focuses on the study of the role and importance of innovation, its classification, the problems of its application in the hotel industry with emphasis on the application of sensory marketing tools in the development of the innovative marketing mix within the hospitality industry. The article provides an analysis of the "seven…

  1. MAIDUGURI TEACHING HOSPITAL.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Surgery, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. ABSTRACT . Background: Incisional hernias (IH) represent a breakdown or loss of continuity of a fascial closure. They are thus unique as the only external wall hernias that are iatrogenic in aetiology. Incisional hernias are ...

  2. Research in Hospitality Management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It has a strong focus on issues which have an immediate practical application – giving the journal relevance to academics as well as industry practitioners. The journal includes articles from ... hospitality industry are welcome. As of 2016, this journal is open access under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence (CC BY 4.0).

  3. QECH general hospital strike

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    for by volunteer workers who included; the Red Cross, med- ical and nursing students and their lecturers. The two-week strike at QECH has left an almost indelible mark in as far as tertiary level health care delivery in Malawi is concerned. We report on the conduct of the hospital workers strike and discuss ethical issues in ...

  4. Hospitality and prosumption

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    jane.b

    playing slot machines (and other automated gambling games), where the gamblers (consumers) produce their own games, as well as the payouts from those games. In all of these examples, the prosumer produces outcomes, does work, which was formerly done for them. That work was often performed in a hospitable ...

  5. Official Centre Hospitality

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Sylvain Dufour

    2016-05-01

    May 1, 2016 ... Application. The Hospitality may be extended under one or more of the following general circumstances to non- employees who are not in receipt of travel allowances from IDRC: • when discussions on official matters or business development take place;. • on the occasion of visits by persons who are ...

  6. Management accounting for hospitals

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Management accounting for hospitals. Hennan leyenaar. The worldwide trend today is for the health sector to be under siege with increasing patient loads, more complex procedures and ever-rising medical costs. The cost of hospitalisation is the most dominant cost factor. absorbing most of the resources. Managing the ...

  7. Nigerian Hospital Practice

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Review of the Aetiology and Complications of Primary Postpartum Haemorrhage following vaginal delivery at University of Calabar Teaching Hospital (UCTH), Calabar, Nigeria: A 5-year Review. EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. CI Emechebe, CO Njoku, AN Njoku, ...

  8. Hospitals as food arenas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Signe; Jørgensen, Michael Søgaard

    2010-01-01

    also identified. Research limitations: The assessment of the dietary changes based on the canteen take-away food was only based on indirect assessments based on interviews with users and non-users and furthermore based on a questionnaire at one of the hospitals. Value/originality: Canteen take...

  9. predictors for hospital admission

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cations were more pronounced in infants yo¡jnger than six months of age, in infants affected by RSV and in infants who had never been breast fed. Acknowledgment. We thank the medical students, the hou: e officers, the residents and the nurses at the pediatric emergency room and the pediatric ward at Assir Central Hospit ...

  10. Refining age estimates for three historic ground rupturing earthquakes in the Santa Cruz Mountains: 14C Wiggle-matching and Non-Native Pollen as age indicators (or not!)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Streig, A. R.; Weldon, R. J.; Dawson, T. E.; Guilderson, T.; Gavin, D. G.; Reidy, L.

    2013-12-01

    The Hazel Dell site provides the first definitive paleoseismic evidence of two pre-1906 19th century events on the Santa Cruz Mountains section based on the presence of anthropogenic artifacts. Hundreds of pieces of cut redwood chips were found in a stratigraphic horizon just below the ante-penultimate (E3) earthquake surface, suggesting that redwood trees at the site were cut down right before earthquake E3. We correlate our paleoseismic findings with the historic record and the onset of redwood logging in the area by determining the felling date of a buried redwood tree stump at the site and the age of the woodchips. We wiggle match 14 radiocarbon dates sampled from annual growth rings taken from the stump and the known interval between growth rings, with the intercepts of the INTCAL04 terrestrial 14C calibration curve. Pending 13C measurements, we find that the youngest ring we have identified in the tree is A.D. 1800. We also wiggle match 2 radiocarbon dates from inner and outer growth rings from two wood chips (with bark); their ages are consistent with the tree and the youngest woodchip ring is dated to 1813 A.D. There are no known ethnographic or historical accounts of pre-contact native people felling large trees in the way that European colonists did. The first record of European land use was for pasture in 1803. The property became a Spanish land grant in 1827, soon after which a whip-saw lumber mill is documented to have begun operation in the upper Corralitos area. We combine these paleoseismic results with historical earthquake accounts for the area and conclude that the San Andreas fault ruptured in 1838, 1890 and 1906. The Hazel Dell results are in contrast with findings from earlier paleoseismic studies in the Santa Cruz Mountains. The Grizzly Flat site, 6 km to the north, found evidence of 1906 and one 17th century earthquake. Two historic earthquakes were observed at the Mill Canyon site 8 km to the south and at the Arano Flat site 9.5 km south of

  11. [Research on professional health training in the MERCOSUR: a contribution to regional integration policies for training health technicians].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Marise

    2007-01-01

    Progress with regional economic integration in the Southern Cone raises the problem of workers' circulation, requiring reciprocal recognition of curricula and mechanisms for professional certification. The Escola Politécnica de Saúde Joaquim Venâncio (Joaquim Venâncio Polytechnic Health School) of the Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Oswaldo Cruz Foundation), as a WHO Collaborating Center for Technical Education in Health, has focused on this issue by conducting studies and standardizations for the integration of training policies for health technicians within the MERCOSUR. An important challenge is to identify and systematize the quantitative and qualitative supply of technical education in health in the MERCOSUR member countries, to help establish commonalities between prevailing curricular regulations, titles, diplomas, and professional work codes in the respective countries. The purpose of the current article is to situate this challenge vis-à-vis the relationship between work, education, and health.

  12. Correção de dados sobre a Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Pasteur de São Paulo Rectification of data on the Helminthological Collection of the Pasteur Institute

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dely Noronha

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available A presente nota se destina a corrigir informações anteriores a respeito da condição da Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Pasteur, que é, de fato, uma coleção institucional e que foi designada, erroneamente, como um acervo particular incorporado à Coleção Helmintológica do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Também, dados bibliográficos e históricos são retificados.This note is to correct previous information about the status of the Helminthological Collection of the Pasteur Institute, that is, in fact, an institutional collection, and that appeared erroneously as a private survey incorporated to the Helminthological Collection of the Oswaldo Cruz Institute. Also, bibliographical and historical data are rectified.

  13. Estudios ecológicos en el Paramo de Cruz Verde, Colombia I. Ubicación geográfica, factores climáticos y edáficos Estudios ecológicos en el Paramo de Cruz Verde, Colombia I. Ubicación geográfica, factores climáticos y edáficos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schnetter Reinhard

    1976-09-01

    Full Text Available Im Páramo de Cruz Verde bei Bogotá wurden Untersuchungen über die klimatischen und edaphischen Bedingungen in einer Höhenlage von etwa 3300 - 3400 m durchgeführt.  Die Temperatur in 1 m Tiefe betrug 10,3°C In den frühen Nachmittagsstunden wurden in 1 m Höhe Lufttemperaturen zwischen 9° C und 12,8° C bestimmt .  Messungen der Globalstrahlung ergaben bei bedecktem Himmel fürdieselben Tagesstunden Werte zwischen 0,19 und 0,51 cal/cm2 min.  Die WindgeschWindigkeit schwankt normalerweise zwischen 2 und 4 m/sec. Der Wind weht vornehmlich aus südöstlicher Richtung.  Die jährliche Gesamtniederschlagsmenge betrug etwa 1800 mm. Dertrockenste Monat war der Februar (1971: 51,3 mm, 1972: 61 mm, die feuchtesten Monate Juni (1972: 296,9 mm und Juli (1971:248,1 mm. Als Bodentypen wurden nach JENNY flachgründige"andine Humusböden" und fiefgründige "Humusböden der Paramos" unterschieden. Danebentreten an nassen Stellen Moorböden auf. Die Böden zeichnen sich durch einen hohen Kohlenstoffgehalt in den oberen Bodenschichten aus. Die Stickstoffgehalte liegen zwischen 0,97 und 1,60 g/100 g trockenen Bodens. Die pH. Werte streuen in den oberen Bodenschichten zwischen 3,5 und 5,2. Mit zunehmender Tiefe steigen sie an und liegen in 1 m Tiefezwischen 4,5 und 6,1. Die niedrigste Wasserkapazität wurde für einen flachgründigen Boden unter der Calamagrostis effusa-Spiranthes vaginata - Gesellschaft bestimmt (84% des trockenen Bodens, die höchste für Moorboden unterder Diplostephium revolutum - Gesellschaft (1020% des trockenen Bodens.  Die Wassergehalte der Böden zeirgen niederschlagsabhängige Schwankungen, die am auffälligsten in der Calamagrostis effusa - Spiranthes vaginata. Gesellschaft waren, wo auch die niedrigsten absoluten Wassergehalte gefunden wurden (18% des Bodenfrischgewichts. Nur im immer wassergesättigten Moorboden unter der Diplostephium revolutum - Gesellschaft sind derartige witterungsbedingte Schwankungen nicht nachweisbar

  14. Hospital e Instituto de Sanidad del Centro Médico de Detroit MICHIGAN/EE. UU.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kessler, William

    1982-02-01

    Full Text Available Not available.En el Centro Médico de Detroit se han realizado dos nuevos servicios sanitarios: un hospital de 43.000 m2 de superficie construida y capacidad para 340 camas, que cubre las necesidades de traumatología de urgencia para pacientes internos; y un instituto de sanidad, de 37,000 m2 construidos capaz para atender 550.000 visitas médicas anuales de pacientes externos y que, además, cumple una misión de medicina preventiva. A pesar de sus distintas funciones, ambos edificios responden a un mismo esquema formal, basado en la unión de tres módulos en forma de cruz griega. En los tres primeros niveles los dos edificios se conectan mediante corredores, lo que permite mancomunar una larga serie de servicios y es, a partir de la cuarta planta, donde se independizan para satisfacer las respectivas necesidades específicas. La configuración empleada permite, por un lado, una gran superficie de fachadas con la correspondiente ganancia en iluminación natural y, por otro, reduce el volumen aparente, haciéndola más acorde con la arquitectura circundante.

  15. [Leadership in the hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrappe, Matthias

    2009-01-01

    Current concepts in leadership and governance on the level of supervisory board, management and departments are often considered as insufficient to cope with the profound structural change which actually takes place in the German health care system. While vertical and horizontal disconnecting is typical of the professional bureaucracy of hospitals, transition from functional to divisional structure further increases this risk. Accordingly, medical experts are oriented towards their professional peers and patient care on the one side; on the other side the management gets isolated and looses operative and strategic control. Several studies provide evidence for the relevance of role models to serve as agents of change, which are now developed into the concept of "Clinical Governance": evidence-based medicine, guidelines, continuous quality improvement, safety culture, resource accountability and organisational learning. The present situation makes it necessary to extend this conception, which focuses on the departmental level in an organisation with divisional features, to one of "Clinical Corporate Governance". This term, which also includes supervisory structures and the management board and is relevant for the total hospital and company, respectively, is based on the corporate governance concept. Inside the hospital, the management and the heads of the departments have to agree that (1) experts really need to be integrated into the decision process, and that (2) the outcomes of the entire hospital have to be regarded as equal or superior to the aims of a single department. The public image of the hospital should be one of a strong and reliable partner in health care and health care business on a local, regional and national level. Members of the supervisory board should clearly put corporate aspects above political and other implications and pay attention to personal independence from the leaders of the medical departments.

  16. Valoración del impacto de efluentes minero industriales del carbón en el arroyo San José de Río Turbio en Santa Cruz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alba Lucia Caballero

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Los efluentes descargados al arroyo San José de Río Turbio al sudoeste de la provincia de Santa Cruz (República Argentina quedaron caracterizados mediante un análisis estadístico multivariado realizado con parámetros fisicoquímicos determinados sobre ellos (Caballero A. Dicho análisis permitió su diferenciación cualitativa y la identificación de los aportes que ocasiona cada uno de ellos. En éste trabajo se ha procedido en primer lugar a determinar la calidad de los vertidos y del agua del arroyo a partir de una escala de valoración. Dicha escala se confeccionó usando las conclusiones del análisis estadístico mencionado y la comparación de los valores obtenidos con los límites máximos de vuelco establecidos para la provincia de Santa Cruz (ley N° 2658, los Niveles guía argentinos de calidad de agua ambiente y los Niveles guía de la ley de protección Ambiental Nº 24585 (Código de minería argentino. Finalmente para valorar el impacto ocasionado por los efluentes minero industriales, se tomó en consideración además de la calidad, otros factores relevantes tales como caudal, tipo de vertido, intermitencia y peligrosidad; adoptando un modelo matemático particular que permitió asignar un puntaje asociado a una escala cualitativa. Como conclusión se pudo determinar mediante una metodología científica que el impacto ocasionado por las descargas minero industrial de carbón al curso de agua varía en un rango de alto a muy alto y esta determinada principalmente por aquellas provenientes de la planta depuradora de carbón y la central térmica.

  17. AVALIAÇÃO DAS AÇÕES ANTROPOGÊNICAS E SUAS IMPLICAÇÕES PARA O PLANEJAMENTO AMBIENTAL DA BACIA DO RIACHO DA CRUZ – SEMIÁRIDO BAIANO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bismarque Lopes Pinto

    2017-08-01

    Las intervenciones antropogénicas en el medio natural se incrementan de manera constante. Cada paisaje tiene sistemas ambientales particulares y responden de manera diferente a las acciones humanas. La comprensión de estas acciones en el paisaje significa ampliar los horizontes en relación con el concepto interdisciplinario de degradación. Las crecientes necesidades de expansión de las actividades agrícolas en las zonas rurales, hace que las políticas ambientales no sean ejecutadas. Establecer el uso de los parámetros de regulación y uso del suelo de la realidad existente ahora es crucial para la planificación y gestión ambiental de cualquier área. Por lo tanto, este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar las actividades antropogénicas y sus correlaciones con la dinámica ambiental de Bacia do Riacho da Cruz y sus implicaciones para la planificación ambiental de la zona. Se llevó a cabo la preparación de los mapas de base (geo-ambientales de cartografía del uso de la tierra, el trabajo de campo en la cuenca en estudio, así como la construcción de gráficos, figuras, interpretación y análisis de los datos. La cuenca del Riacho da Cruz aún está lejos de cumplir las bases mínimas para una producción agrícola sostenible y la conservación del medio ambiente. La ausencia de importantes áreas de vegetación nativa da a conocer el inicio de los procesos erosivos, que pueden considerarse como un aspecto de grave desequilibrio indicador ambiental. En este sentido, es necesario combinar el gobierno junto con la sociedad civil para pensar en la planificación estratégica de las acciones que se indican en el texto, de modo que el marco ambiental de la cuenca no se agrave. Palabras clave: Planificación del Medio Ambiente; Uso de la Tierra; Actividad Antropogênica; Degradación Ambiental.

  18. [The founding of Zemun Hospital].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milanović, Jasmina; Milenković, Sanja; Pavlović, Momcilo; Stojanović, Dragos

    2014-01-01

    This year Zemun Hospital--Clinical Hospital Center Zemun celebrates 230th anniversary of continuous work, thus becoming the oldest medical facility in Serbia.The exact date of the hospital founding has been often questioned in history. Various dates appeared in the literature, but the most frequent one was 25th of February 1784. Until now, the document which confirms this has never been published. This article represents the first official publication of the document which confirms that Zemun Hospital was indeed founded on this date. The first hospitals started emerging in Zemun when the town became a part of the Habsburg Monarchy. The first sanitary facility ever formed was the"Kontumac"--a quarantine established in 1730. Soon after, two more confessional hospitals were opened.The Serbian (Orthodox) Hospital was founded before 1769, whereas the German (Catholic) Hospital started working in 1758. Both hospitals were financed, amongst others, by the Town Hall--the Magistrate. In order to improve efficiency of these hospitals, a decision was made to merge them into a single City Hospital. It was founded on 25th February 1784, when the General Command ordered the Magistrate of Zemun to merge the financess of all existing hospitals and initiate the construction of a new building. Although financially united, the hospitals continued working in separate buildings over a certain period of time.The final, physical merging of these hospitals was completed in 1795.

  19. Ensaios terapêuticos com penicilina: II - Sífilis: (Nota prévia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. E. Arêa Leão

    1944-10-01

    Full Text Available Seis sifiliticos foram tratados com penicilina em doses baixas, no Hospital Evandro Chagas, do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz. Protossifilomas foram bacterioscópicamente negativos entre 3 e 6 dias e cicatrizaram completamente entre 10 e 13 idas, com a aplicação de 1.200 a 2.400 unidades Oxford por 24 horas. Condilomas sifiliticos e placas mucosas hipertróficos tiveram bacterioscopia negativa entre 6 e 8 dias, cicatrizaram completamente entre 10 e 20 dias, com a aplicação de 1.200 unidades por 24 horas. Porém, doses de 4.800 unidades, no mesmo espaço de tempo, forma insuficientes para controlar outras manifestações luéticas secundárias (roséolas, placas mucosas. Em 3 casos sob contrõle sorológico, verificou-se que a negatividade das reações não acompanha imediatamente a cura clínica. Além disso, conforme já foi observado também com a bouba, os resultados dos testes sorológicos oscilam mezes a fio, negativando e voltando à positividade.Six syphilitic patients were treated with Penicillin in low dosis at the Evandro Chagas Hospital, of the Oswaldo Cruz Insitute. Protosyphilomas were found to be bacterioscopically-negative in between three and six days, and cicatrized completely between 10 and 13 days, under applicatins of 1.200 mucous patches, showed negative bacterioscopical results within between 10 and 20 days, under the applications fo 1.200 Oxford units per 24 hours. Doses of 4.800 units, during the same period of time, however, found insufficient to control other secundary luetic manifestations (roseolar rash. In three cases under sorological control it was found that after a clinical cure had been effected, the Wassermann reaction showed considerable escillation, becoming first negative and then pesitive again.

  20. Artrocentese da articulação temporomandibular: avaliação de resultados e revisão da literatura Temporomandibular joint arthrocententesis: evaluation of results and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito Vasconcelos

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar o efeito da artrocentese em relação à sintomatologia e movimentação mandibular em uma serie de pacientes com deslocamento anterior de disco e travamento mandibular. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: O estudo foi baseado nos dados pré e pós-operatório de pacientes através de exame clínico e radiográfico. A Escala Analógica Visual (EAV foi usada para quantificar a dor no pré e pós-operatório. Foram avaliados 6 pacientes (12 articulações tratados no Hospital Universitário Oswaldo Cruz (HUOC com travamento mandibular (2 casos e desarranjo interno (4 casos. O período médio de acompanhamento foi de 11,5 meses. RESULTADOS: A média de abertura bucal pré-operatória foi de 31,83mm e no pós-operatório foi de 36,50mm. A média de dor articular segundo a escala visual analógica encontrada foi de 7 e no pós-operatório foi de 4,3. CONCLUSÃO: A artrocentese mostrou-se efetiva na melhora da dor articular e na movimentação mandibular nesta série de casos.AIM: This study was designed to investigate the effects of arthrocentesis on the improvement of internal derangement symptoms and jaw function in a series of patients with anterior disc displacement and closed lockjaw. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study was based on a review of patients’ records before and after treatment using clinical examinations and radiographs. Visual analog scales were used to measure pain before and after arthrocentesis. Six patients (12 temporomandibular joints with closed lock symptoms (2 cases and internal derangements (4 cases were treated at the Oswaldo Cruz Hospital. The mean follow-up was 11.5 months. RESULTS: The mean maximum vertical opening before treatment was 31.83 mm and after arthrocentesis was 36.50 mm. The visual analog scale for pain before treatment was 7 points (mean and after arthrocentesis the mean was 4.3. CONCLUSION: Arthrocentesis was shown to be effective in reducing pain and increasing jaw motion in this series of cases.

  1. Microorganisms isolated from environmental surfaces of an adult ICU in a hospital in Vale of the Rio Pardo – RS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Dagmar Pollo Renner

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Backgound and Objectives: To evaluate the presence of microorganisms on surfaces of adult ICU of a hospital in the valley of the Rio Pardo - RS. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational study which included 45 samples of swabs of surfaces from ICU in August 2012. The samples were collected and incubated in Brain Heart Infusion broth (BHI and taken to the laboratory of Microbiology at the University of Santa Cruz do Sul (Unisc to conduct microbiological testing. Results: The presence of 40 strains was detected in the 38 surfaces with prevalence of the Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis and by 42% and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus in 37%. On the antibiogram in 85.7% of S. aureus strains and 92.8% of the strains of S. epidermidis strains were resistant to penicillin and oxacillin resistance profile was 64.2% and 7.1% respectively. Conclusion: In this study there was a high incidence of contamination with S. epidermidis and S. aureus. This may pose a risk to the health of both the patient and the professional. Thus, prevention interventions should be released and re-education programs and encourage best practices within a hospital are crucial, since only with actions directed may reduce shedding and antimicrobial resistance. KEYWORDS: Intensive Care Units. Surface. Microorganisms.

  2. Hospitality within hospital meals—Socio-material assemblages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Mikkelsen, Bent E.

    2016-01-01

    Hospital meals and their role in nutritional care have been studied primarily from a life and natural science perspective. This article takes a different approach and explores the idea of hospitality inspired by Jacques Derrida’s work on the ontology of hospitality. By drawing on ethnographic...... and management involved in hospital food service and in nutritional care to work more systematically with the environment for improved hospital meal experiences in the future...... fieldwork in a Danish hospital, hospitality practices were studied using a socio-material assemblage approach. The study showed that rethinking the meal event could change the wards into temporary “pop-up-restaurants,” transcending the hospital context and providing a scene for shifting host...

  3. Esparganose em alguns vertebrados do Brasil: dificuldades na identificaçao das espécies de Luheella (Spirometra Sparganum in some brazilian vertebrates: problems in the identification of species of Luheella (Spirometra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Arandas Rego

    1992-01-01

    Full Text Available Some species of Amphibia and Reptilia are listed as new hosts of spargana, from material deposited in the Helminthological Collection of Oswaldo Cruz Institute. It is discussed the difficulties in identifying the larvae (Sparganum and also the identification of adults of Luheella species from South America. The histopathology induced by spargana in the liver of a species of Amphibia is briefly described.

  4. Toxicity effects of ethanol extract of Simarouba versicolor on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    usuario

    2016-02-24

    Feb 24, 2016 ... Vigilância Sanitária). Fundação Oswaldo Cruz. Rio de Janeiro. p.131. Mesquita AG (1997). Contribuição ao conhecimento químico de plantas do Nordeste do Brasil: Simarouba versicolor (Simaroubaceae). Dissertação de Mestrado do Programa de Pós-Graduação em. Química Orgânica da Universidade ...

  5. Espécies de Thelaziinae (Skrjabin) Baylis & Daubney (Nematoda, Thelazioidea) referidas para o Brasil

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Henrique de Oliveira

    1996-01-01

    Twenty three species of Thelaziinae Skrjabin, 1915 were referred in Brazil. Hempelia hempeli Vaz, 1936, Thelazia anolabiata (Molin, 1860), T. aquilina Baylis, 1934, T. campanulata (Molin, 1858), T. iheringi Travassos, 1918 and T. travassosfreitasi Cristofaro & Rodrigues, 1979. That included in the Oswaldo Cruz Helminthological Collection were reviewed. Dryocopus lineatus lineatus (Linnaeus), Pipile cumanensis nattereri Reich and Ramphastus dicolorus Linnaeus are new host records for Thelazia ...

  6. On forge des partenariats au Brésil | CRDI - Centre de recherches ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    9 mai 2011 ... La collaboration entre les différents établissements brésiliens reconnus dans leur champ d'expertise donne du poids aux arguments quand il s'agit de s'adresser aux décideurs, conclut Mme Padua. Instituto de Pesquisas Ecologicas, Brésil Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ), Brésil Faculté de médecine ...

  7. Soro ou vacina: controvérsia no controle da peste bubônica no Rio de Janeiro (1899-1901 = Serum or vaccine: controversy in the control of the bubonic plague in Rio de Janeiro (1899-1901

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva, Matheus Alves Duarte da

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa uma controvérsia entre Camillo Terni e Oswaldo Cruz, ocorrida no ano de 1900, em torno do controle da peste bubônica no Rio de Janeiro. Oswaldo Cruz, um dos principais líderes do recém inaugurado Instituto Soroterápico Federal, defendia que o soro antipestoso era o produto a ser utilizado para tratar as vítimas de peste e também para imunizar a população, processo conhecido como soro-vacinação. Camillo Terni, diretor do Laboratório Bacteriológico de Messina, na Itália, e enviado ao Brasil para estudar a doença, ao contrário, defendia que o soro era ineficaz e que a principal estratégia para controlar a doença deveria ser vacinar a população, propagandeando o seu método de preparação da vacina antipestosa. O embate entre os dois foi veiculado na imprensa leiga e especializada e acabou vencido por Oswaldo Cruz, pois o soro tornou-se a principal arma contra a peste e a vacina antipestosa utilizada no Rio de Janeiro não foi a de Terni, mas uma versão modificada daquela criada originalmente pela Comissão Alemã enviada à Índia. O presente artigo investiga como essa vitória foi construída, acompanhando os passos de Terni e de sua vacina no Brasil e as alianças e traduções de interesse que ele e Oswaldo Cruz efetuaram de modo a vencer o debate. Dessa forma, o artigo pretende lançar luzes sobre um capítulo pouco conhecido da história do Instituto Soroterápico Federal

  8. Assessment of Brazil’s Research Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-09-28

    Review B 3.185 1964 Phys 139 Arquivo Brasileiro De Medicina Veterinaria E Zootecnia 0.114 1983 Animal 139 Revista De Saude Publica 0.287 1982 Med...Neuro-Psiquiatria [43]; Arquivo Br. De Medicina Veterinaria E Zootec. [42]; Memorias Do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz [25]; Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ...Revista Brasileira De Zootecnia-Brazilian Journal Of Animal Science [43]; Arquivo Brasileiro De Medicina Veterinaria E Zootecnia [27]; ASSESSMENT OF

  9. Relationship between napping during night shift work and household obligations of female nursing personnel

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Costa A; Fischer FM; Griep RH; Rotenberg L

    2013-01-01

    Aline Silva-Costa,1,2 Frida Marina Fischer,1 Rosane Harter Griep,2 Lúcia Rotenberg2 1School of Public Health, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil; 2Laboratory of Health, Environment and Education, Oswaldo Cruz Institute (Fiocruz), Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Abstract: Night shift employment involves displacing sleep to the daytime. For female workers, the opportunity for daytime sleep is influenced by routine housework demands, which aggravates sleep depriv...

  10. Program and Abstracts of the 40th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Held in Boston, Massachusetts on 1-5 December 1991

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    Santos CN, and Carvalho R. Departmento de Bioquimica e Biologia Molecular, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. 2:15 17 DETECTION OF WEST NILE...Illinois, Urbana, IL; and Departamento de Bioquimica , Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil 63 IMMUNOTHERAPY AND...DN, and Lenzi HL. Departmento Pathologia, IOC-Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; and Departmento Bioquimica , Instituto Bioquimica , UFRJ, Rio dc Janeiro

  11. Moments of hospitality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2014-01-01

    reveal how the daily atmosphere could be changed by social activities such as a dancing nurse, or through artefacts such as meatballs or napkins in disruptive micro-events, creating a possibility for different hospitalityscapes manifested in cultural, humorous or social performances. The article suggests...... that a focus on disruptive micro-events might create opportunities for hospitalityscapes and add value to future hospital meal experiences....

  12. Hospital nurses' work motivation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toode, Kristi; Routasalo, Pirkko; Helminen, Mika; Suominen, Tarja

    2015-06-01

    The knowledge surrounding nurses' work motivation is currently insufficient, and previous studies have rarely taken into account the role of many influential background factors. This study investigates the motivation of Estonian nurses in hospitals, and how individual and organisational background factors influence their motivation to work. The study is quantitative and cross-sectional. An electronically self-reported questionnaire was used for data collection. The sample comprised of 201 Registered Nurses working in various hospital settings in Estonia. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, two-sample Wilcoxon rank-sum (Mann-Whitney) test, Kruskal-Wallis equality-of-populations rank test and Spearman's correlation. Both extrinsic and intrinsic motivations were noted among hospital nurses. Nurses were moderately externally motivated (M = 3.63, SD = 0.89) and intrinsically strongly motivated (M = 4.98, SD = 1.03). A nurses' age and the duration of service were positively correlated with one particular area of extrinsic work motivation, namely introjected regulation (p extrinsic motivation (p = 0.016) and intrinsic work motivation (p = 0.004). The findings expand current knowledge of nurses' work motivation by describing the amount and orientation of work motivation among hospital nurses and highlighting background factors which should be taken into account in order to sustain and increase their intrinsic work motivation. The instrument used in the study can be an effective tool for nurse managers to determine a nurse's reasons to work and to choose a proper motivational strategy. Further research and testing of the instrument in different countries and in different contexts of nursing is however required. © 2014 Nordic College of Caring Science.

  13. Hospital Presbiteriano Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luckman, Charles

    1964-12-01

    Full Text Available This hospital is built on the circular system. This arrangement has economic and functional advantages. The nurses walk 40 % less distance than in a hospital of similar size, of conventional layout. The rooms are situated along the external perimeter and the beds are orientated towards the corridor, rather than towards the window. However, the patients can see out of doors by turning on their side. The hospital is most carefully fitted out, and is very comfortable. There is air conditioning, and patients can control their own TV sets. There are also curtains separating each bed form the rest, thus providing maximum independence. Warm colours have been adopted in the decoration of rooms facing north, whilst those facing south are painted in cooler tones. The circular design arrangement makes the distribution far more flexible, and it will be easier to include further units later on; by adding small adjustments to the central building. To reduce external noise, and to improve the surrounding landscape, small sand hills have been provided in the garden, and the parking site also serves to partially absorb the noise.Presenta esta solución de unidades circulares numerosas ventajas de tipo económico, ahorra espacio y da eficiencia a la circulación— las enfermeras recorren un 40 por 100 menos de camino que en otro hospital de dimensiones similares—. Las habitaciones están distribuidas a lo largo del perímetro exterior y tienen las camas orientadas hacia los corredores, en lugar de hacia las ventanas, pero de tal modo que los pacientes puedan contemplar el exterior al volverse sobre uno de sus costados. Están cuidadosamente diseñadas y dotadas de las máximas comodidades: aire acondicionado y aparatos de televisión controlados por el paciente; así como cortinas divisorias que le proporcionan el grado de aislamiento deseado.

  14. Opposing the “lessons of things”, for children and adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Natércia da Silva Medeiros

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available A review of two books recently published by Vieira & Lent, by the Casa da Ciência (House of Science and by the Oswaldo Cruz Museu da Vida (Life Museum, Cruz/Fiocruz, "O Pequeno Cientista Amador – a divulgação científica e o público infantil", and "Terra Incógnita – a interface entre ciência e público" ("The Young Amateur Scientist - scientific divulgation and the youthful public", and "Unknown Land – the interface between science and the public" is presented.

  15. E-procurement in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hidalgo, Julio Villalobos; Orrit, Joan; Villalobos, Juan Pablo

    2011-01-01

    This article describes the history, current status, advantages of and opposition to the implementation of e-procurement in hospitals and examines the results of its implementation in a psychiatric hospital.

  16. HSIP Hospitals in New Mexico

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — Hospitals in New Mexico The term "hospital" ... means an institution which- (1) is primarily engaged in providing, by or under the supervision of physicians, to...

  17. The general NFP hospital model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Amin, Mona

    2012-01-01

    Throughout the past 30 years, there has been a lot of controversy surrounding the proliferation of new forms of health care delivery organizations that challenge and compete with general NFP community hospitals. Traditionally, the health care system in the United States has been dominated by general NFP (NFP) voluntary hospitals. With the number of for-profit general hospitals, physician-owned specialty hospitals, and ambulatory surgical centers increasing, a question arises: “Why is the general NFP community hospital the dominant model?” In order to address this question, this paper reexamines the history of the hospital industry. By understanding how the “general NFP hospital” model emerged and dominated, we attempt to explain the current dominance of general NFP hospitals in the ever changing hospital industry in the United States.

  18. [Volgograd military hospital--70 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novikov, V Ia; Alborov, Z Ts

    2012-01-01

    History of the Volgograd military hospital dates back to July 24, 1941, when on the basis of the regional children's bone tuberculosis sanatorium in Krasnodar was transformed into 2150th military hospital consisted of 240 beds. Since May 1944 relocated in the city of Stalingrad became a garrison hospital. Today the hospital is a multidisciplinary health centre of the Russian Defense Ministry. Annually, the hospital performed at least 3000 surgical procedures, including more than 37%--are complex. In surgery, improved endovideosurgical direction, over 31% of emergency operations performed using this method. Since December 2009 the hospital became a structural division of the District Hospital in 1602 in Rostov on Don. The close connection between the branch and district hospital allows for complex diagnostic situations to consult leading experts, including consultation, thus ensuring the most effective treatment results.

  19. Parametric Optimization of Hospital Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Malene Kirstine; Kirkegaard, Poul Henning; Christoffersen, L.D.

    2013-01-01

    Present paper presents a parametric performancebased design model for optimizing hospital design. The design model operates with geometric input parameters defining the functional requirements of the hospital and input parameters in terms of performance objectives defining the design requirements...

  20. Has competition lowered hospital prices?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwanziger, Jack; Mooney, Cathleen

    2005-01-01

    On Jan. 1, 1997, New York ended its regulation of hospital prices with the intent of using competitive markets to control prices and increase efficiency. This paper uses data that come from annual reports filed by all health maintenance organizations (HMOs) operating in New York and include payments to and usage in the major hospitals in an HMO's network. We estimate the relationship between implied prices and hospital, plan, and market characteristics. The models show that after 1997, hospitals in more competitive markets paid less. Partially offsetting these price reductions were price increases associated with hospital mergers that reduced the competitiveness of the local market. Hospital deregulation was successful, at least in the short run, in using price competition to reduce hospital payments; it is unclear whether this success will be undermined by the structural changes taking place in the hospital industry.