WorldWideScience

Sample records for hospital agency thoughts

  1. Hospitals - HOSPITALS_HAZUS_IN: Hospitals and Clinics in Indiana, Derived from HAZUS (Federal Emergency Management Agency, Point Shapefile)

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC State | GIS Inventory — HOSPITALS_HAZUS_IN is a point shapefile that shows locations of hospitals and clinics in Indiana. HOSPITALS_HAZUS_IN was derived from the shapefile named "HOSPITAL."...

  2. HOSPITAL VENTILATION STANDARDS AND ENERGY CONSERVATION: A REVIEW OF GOVERNMENTAL AND PRIVATE AGENCY ENERGY CONSERVATION INITIATIVES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Banks, Robert S.; Rainer, David

    1980-03-01

    This report presents the results of a recent research project originally concerned with review of governmental initiatives for changes to hospital design and operation standards at both the federal and state levels. However. it quickly became apparent that concern with energy conservation was not impacting hospital environmental standards, especially at the state level, irrespective of the energy implications. Consequently, the study was redirected to consider all energy conservation initiatives directed toward design and operating practices unique to the hospital environment. The scope was limited to agency programs (i.e., not undertaken at the initiative of individual hospitals), applicable to non-federal public and private hospitals.

  3. Hospital cost-containment strategies that earn the respect of rating agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dopoulos, Jason

    2016-01-01

    To confirm that hospitals have the necessary structures and strategies in place to reduce costs and secure future market share, credit rating agencies analyze a variety of quantitative and qualitative criteria, including: Salaries and benefits, bad debt, age of plant and depreciation, and other line items that may point to inefficiencies in a hospital's expense structure. Cost-benefit analyses, strategic plans, and leadership qualities that show the long-term value of expense cuts, capital investments, and mergers and acquisitions. Cost-effective and clinically appropriate shifts in a hospital's outpatient-to-inpatient ratio. Liquidity and market share.

  4. 现代医院质量管理思想研究%Research on Modern Hospital Quality Control Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任真年

    2000-01-01

    为探讨现代医院质量管理思想,借鉴企业和商业质量管理经验,结合我国、我军医院实际情况,提出了:全面质量经营;质量教育;质量信息;质量保证;质量文化;质量改进;质量零缺点;质量80/20原理;顾客满意;质量创新;质量效益。%Do inquire into modern hospital quality control thought, use for reference enterprise and commerce quality control taste ,lambda binding our country, our army hospital truth ,put forward: total quality management ; quality education ; quality information ; quality assurance ; quality culture ; quality brushup ;quality null defect ; quality 80/20 principle ; customer satisfied; quality benefit.

  5. Thoughts on China's hospital accreditation%我国医院评审的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马丽平

    2015-01-01

    The paper described development characteristics of international hospital accreditation, and challenges faced by China's hospital accreditation.The author proposed for such accreditation,as that accreditation entities are the organizational support for building a permanent mechanism of hospital accreditation,and two organizational modes:the first is societies and associations of capacity to build accreditation organizations and the government to build professional hospital accreditation bodies,and the second is to build the assessors system.%通过对国际医院评审的发展特点和我国医院评审存在的问题以及面临的挑战的分析,提出我国医院评审的几点建议,即实体的评审组织是建立医院评审长效机制的组织保证和基础,建议探索两种医院评审的组织模式:有能力的行业学(协)会组建医院评审组织和政府成立专业的医院评审机构;建立评审员制度。

  6. Starting a hospital-based home health agency: Part II--Key success factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, P

    1993-09-01

    In Part II of a three-part series, the financial, technological and legislative issues of a hospital-based home health-agency are discussed. Beginning a home healthcare service requires intensive research to answer key environmental and operational questions--need, competition, financial projections, initial start-up costs and the impact of delayed depreciation. Assessments involving technology, staffing, legislative and regulatory issues can help project service volume, productivity and cost-control.

  7. Hospice agencies' hospital contract status and differing levels of hospice care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Kyusuk; Richards, Nicole; Burke, Sloane

    2015-05-01

    In response to a 2011 finding that approximately 27% of Medicare-certified hospices do not provide a single day of general inpatient care (GIP), the authors explored the extent to which hospices have contracts with hospitals for GIP. Using the 2007 National Home and Hospice Care Survey, we estimated that 1119 (32%) agencies had no contract with any hospitals in 2007 and half of those with no contract did not have a contract with a skilled nursing facility (SNF) either. As a result, these hospices were unable to provide GIP referrals for those in need of inpatient care for acute pain and symptom management. More importantly, not having a contract with a hospital was just one of the factors influencing GIP provision. In the multivariate logistic model, after controlling for contract status with a hospital and other hospice characteristics, agencies in the second quartile of hospice patient census (12-29 vs 73 or more, adjusted odds ratio = 14.10; 95% confidence interval 4.26-46.62) were independently related to providing only routine home care. These hospices are more likely to rely solely on scatter beds for GIP provision. Given that a significant portion of hospices do not have a contract with a hospital, policy makers need to understand barriers to contracts with a hospital/SNF for GIP and consider a hospice's contract status as one of the standards for hospice certification. In addition, further research is necessary to understand why hospices that do have a contract with a hospital do not make GIP referral.

  8. Linking public health agencies and hospitals for improved emergency preparedness: North Carolina's public health epidemiologist program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markiewicz, Milissa; Bevc, Christine A; Hegle, Jennifer; Horney, Jennifer A; Davies, Megan; MacDonald, Pia D M

    2012-02-23

    In 2003, 11 public health epidemiologists were placed in North Carolina's largest hospitals to enhance communication between public health agencies and healthcare systems for improved emergency preparedness. We describe the specific services public health epidemiologists provide to local health departments, the North Carolina Division of Public Health, and the hospitals in which they are based, and assess the value of these services to stakeholders. We surveyed and/or interviewed public health epidemiologists, communicable disease nurses based at local health departments, North Carolina Division of Public Health staff, and public health epidemiologists' hospital supervisors to 1) elicit the services provided by public health epidemiologists in daily practice and during emergencies and 2) examine the value of these services. Interviews were transcribed and imported into ATLAS.ti for coding and analysis. Descriptive analyses were performed on quantitative survey data. Public health epidemiologists conduct syndromic surveillance of community-acquired infections and potential bioterrorism events, assist local health departments and the North Carolina Division of Public Health with public health investigations, educate clinicians on diseases of public health importance, and enhance communication between hospitals and public health agencies. Stakeholders place on a high value on the unique services provided by public health epidemiologists. Public health epidemiologists effectively link public health agencies and hospitals to enhance syndromic surveillance, communicable disease management, and public health emergency preparedness and response. This comprehensive description of the program and its value to stakeholders, both in routine daily practice and in responding to a major public health emergency, can inform other states that may wish to establish a similar program as part of their larger public health emergency preparedness and response system.

  9. Linking public health agencies and hospitals for improved emergency preparedness: North Carolina's public health epidemiologist program

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Markiewicz Milissa

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In 2003, 11 public health epidemiologists were placed in North Carolina's largest hospitals to enhance communication between public health agencies and healthcare systems for improved emergency preparedness. We describe the specific services public health epidemiologists provide to local health departments, the North Carolina Division of Public Health, and the hospitals in which they are based, and assess the value of these services to stakeholders. Methods We surveyed and/or interviewed public health epidemiologists, communicable disease nurses based at local health departments, North Carolina Division of Public Health staff, and public health epidemiologists' hospital supervisors to 1 elicit the services provided by public health epidemiologists in daily practice and during emergencies and 2 examine the value of these services. Interviews were transcribed and imported into ATLAS.ti for coding and analysis. Descriptive analyses were performed on quantitative survey data. Results Public health epidemiologists conduct syndromic surveillance of community-acquired infections and potential bioterrorism events, assist local health departments and the North Carolina Division of Public Health with public health investigations, educate clinicians on diseases of public health importance, and enhance communication between hospitals and public health agencies. Stakeholders place on a high value on the unique services provided by public health epidemiologists. Conclusions Public health epidemiologists effectively link public health agencies and hospitals to enhance syndromic surveillance, communicable disease management, and public health emergency preparedness and response. This comprehensive description of the program and its value to stakeholders, both in routine daily practice and in responding to a major public health emergency, can inform other states that may wish to establish a similar program as part of their larger public

  10. The hopes of West African refugees during resettlement in northern Sweden: a 6-year prospective qualitative study of pathways and agency thoughts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjum Tanvir M

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Little is known about how positive phenomena can support resettlement of refugees in a new country. The aim of this study was to examine the hopeful thinking in a group of West African quota refugees at arrival and after 6 years in Sweden and compare these thoughts to the views of resettlement support professionals. Method The primary study population comprised 56 adult refugees and 13 resettlement professionals. Qualitative data were collected from the refugees by questionnaires on arrival and 6 years later. Data were collected from the resettlement professionals by interview about 3 years after arrival of the refugees. Snyder's cognitive model of hope was used to inform the comparative data analyses. Results Hopes regarding education were in focus for the refugees shortly after arrival, but thoughts on family reunion were central later in the resettlement process. During the later stages of the resettlement process, the unresponsiveness of the support organization to the family reunion problem became as issue for the refugees. The professionals reported a complex mix of "silent agency thoughts" underlying the local resettlement process as a contributing reason for this unresponsiveness. Conclusion Hopes regarding education and family reunion were central in the resettlement of West African refugees in Sweden. These thoughts were not systematically followed up by the support organization; possibly the resources for refugees were not fully released. More studies are needed to further investigate the motivational factors underpinning host community support of refugees' hopes and plans.

  11. Fraud Prevention A Study In Regional Public Service Agency BLUD For Hospital In Malang Regency Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koenta Adji Koerniawan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to understand the effect of management perceptions in Regional Public Service Agency BLUD for Hospital in Malang regency Indonesia on the role of the Independent Auditor and their understanding towards Good Governance the General Audit Engagement and its implications for the prevention of corruption. This research is quantitative which placed latent variables General Audit Engagements as intervening variables. Partial Least Square PLS is used to confirm the model created in order to explain the relationship between variables. The results show that the perception of BLUD hospital management on the role of independent auditors and their understanding of good governance to give effect to the implementation of the audit engagement and the implications for the prevention of fraud in BLUDs hospital. This is consistent with the theory of auditing and fraud prevention concepts. JEL Classification M420 K420

  12. 现代医院管理新思维下的战略与执行%Strategy and Implementation of Modern Hospital Management Under New Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪圣高; 李传平

    2014-01-01

    Strategies and implementation of hospital management under new trend of thought are explored. On the basis of summary and analysis of innovative experience of a hospital, it is proposed that hospital can achieve all-round development by planning prospect with strategic thought, determining hospital development objectives, undertaking reform with scientific decisions, designing new management route and innovating hospital management mechanism.%探讨医院管理新思维下的战略决策与执行。总结分析某医院管理创新经验,提出用战略思维规划远景,确定医院发展新目标,以科学决策推动变革,布设医院管理新路线,创新医院管理机制,使医院各方面取得新成果。

  13. Agency, Identity, and Social Justice Education: Preservice Teachers' Thoughts on Becoming Agents of Change in Urban Elementary Science Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Felicia M.

    2008-01-01

    Using multiple theoretical frameworks, reflective writings and interviews, this study explores preservice elementary teachers' emerging identities as science teachers and how this identity is connected to notions of critical agency and a stance toward social justice. The study addresses two central questions pertaining to preservice teachers'…

  14. The indirect costs of agency nurses in South Africa: a case study in two public sector hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laetitia C. Rispel

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Globally, flexible work arrangements – through the use of temporary nursing staff – are an important strategy for dealing with nursing shortages in hospitals. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the direct and indirect costs of agency nurses, as well as the advantages and the problems associated with agency nurse utilisation in two public sector hospitals in South Africa. Methods: Following ethical approval, two South African public sector hospitals were selected purposively. Direct costs were determined through an analysis of hospital expenditure information for a 5-year period from 2005 until 2010, obtained from the national transversal Basic Accounting System database. At each hospital, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the chief executive officer, executive nursing services manager, the maternity or critical care unit nursing manager, the human resource manager, and the finance manager. Indirect costs measured were the time spent on pre-employment checks, and nurse recruitment, orientation, and supervision. All expenditure is expressed in South African Rands (R: 1 USD=R7, 2010 prices. Results: In the 2009/10 financial year, Hospital 1 spent R38.86 million (US$5.55 million on nursing agencies, whereas Hospital 2 spent R10.40 million (US$1.49 million. The total estimated time spent per week on indirect cost activities at Hospital 1 was 51.5 hours, and 60 hours at Hospital 2. The estimated monetary value of this time at Hospital 1 was R962,267 (US$137,467 and at Hospital 2 the value was R300,121 (US$42,874, thus exceeding the weekly direct costs of nursing agencies. Agency nurses assisted the selected hospitals in dealing with problems of nurse recruitment, absenteeism, shortages, and skills gaps in specialised clinical areas. The problems experienced with agency nurses included their perceived lack of commitment, unreliability, and providing sub-optimal quality of patient care. Conclusion

  15. The indirect costs of agency nurses in South Africa: a case study in two public sector hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rispel, Laetitia C; Moorman, Julia

    2015-01-01

    Globally, flexible work arrangements - through the use of temporary nursing staff - are an important strategy for dealing with nursing shortages in hospitals. The objective of the study was to determine the direct and indirect costs of agency nurses, as well as the advantages and the problems associated with agency nurse utilisation in two public sector hospitals in South Africa. Following ethical approval, two South African public sector hospitals were selected purposively. Direct costs were determined through an analysis of hospital expenditure information for a 5-year period from 2005 until 2010, obtained from the national transversal Basic Accounting System database. At each hospital, semi-structured interviews were conducted with the chief executive officer, executive nursing services manager, the maternity or critical care unit nursing manager, the human resource manager, and the finance manager. Indirect costs measured were the time spent on pre-employment checks, and nurse recruitment, orientation, and supervision. All expenditure is expressed in South African Rands (R: 1 USD=R7, 2010 prices). In the 2009/10 financial year, Hospital 1 spent R38.86 million (US$5.55 million) on nursing agencies, whereas Hospital 2 spent R10.40 million (US$1.49 million). The total estimated time spent per week on indirect cost activities at Hospital 1 was 51.5 hours, and 60 hours at Hospital 2. The estimated monetary value of this time at Hospital 1 was R962,267 (US$137,467) and at Hospital 2 the value was R300,121 (US$42,874), thus exceeding the weekly direct costs of nursing agencies. Agency nurses assisted the selected hospitals in dealing with problems of nurse recruitment, absenteeism, shortages, and skills gaps in specialised clinical areas. The problems experienced with agency nurses included their perceived lack of commitment, unreliability, and providing sub-optimal quality of patient care. Hospital managers and policy-makers need to address the effective

  16. Perceptions of Yoga Therapy Embedded in Two Inpatient Rehabilitation Hospitals: Agency Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Puymbroeck, Marieke; Miller, Kristine K.; Dickes, Lori A.; Schmid, Arlene A.

    2015-01-01

    Inpatient medical rehabilitation has maintained a typical medical-model focus and structure for many years. However, as integrative therapies, such as yoga therapy, emerge as treatments which can enhance the physical and mental health of its participants, it is important to determine if they can be easily implemented into the traditional rehabilitation structure and milieu. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of key agency personnel on the feasibility and utility of yoga therapy implemented in inpatient rehabilitation. This study reports the results of focus groups and an individual interview with key stakeholders (administrators and rehabilitation therapists) from two rehabilitation hospitals following the implementation of yoga therapy. Results focused on several key themes: feasibility from the therapist and administrator perspectives, challenges to implementation, and utility and benefit. Overall, the implementation and integration of yoga therapy were positive; however, some programmatic and policy and organizational considerations remain. Implications for practice and future research are provided. PMID:26491457

  17. Perceptions of Yoga Therapy Embedded in Two Inpatient Rehabilitation Hospitals: Agency Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marieke Van Puymbroeck

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Inpatient medical rehabilitation has maintained a typical medical-model focus and structure for many years. However, as integrative therapies, such as yoga therapy, emerge as treatments which can enhance the physical and mental health of its participants, it is important to determine if they can be easily implemented into the traditional rehabilitation structure and milieu. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of key agency personnel on the feasibility and utility of yoga therapy implemented in inpatient rehabilitation. This study reports the results of focus groups and an individual interview with key stakeholders (administrators and rehabilitation therapists from two rehabilitation hospitals following the implementation of yoga therapy. Results focused on several key themes: feasibility from the therapist and administrator perspectives, challenges to implementation, and utility and benefit. Overall, the implementation and integration of yoga therapy were positive; however, some programmatic and policy and organizational considerations remain. Implications for practice and future research are provided.

  18. The effect of health payment reforms on cost containment in Taiwan hospitals: the agency theory perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Li

    2011-01-01

    This study aims to determine whether the Taiwanese government's implementation of new health care payment reforms (the National Health Insurance with fee-for-service (NHI-FFS) and global budget (NHI-GB)) has resulted in better cost containment. Also, the question arises under the agency theory whether the monitoring system is effective in reducing the risk of information asymmetry. This study uses panel data analysis with fixed effects model to investigate changes in cost containment at Taipei municipal hospitals before and after adopting reforms from 1989 to 2004. The results show that the monitoring system does not reduce information asymmetry to improve cost containment under the NHI-FFS. In addition, after adopting the NHI-GB system, health care costs are controlled based on an improved monitoring system in the policymaker's point of view. This may suggest that the NHI's fee-for-services system actually causes health care resource waste. The GB may solve the problems of controlling health care costs only on the macro side.

  19. Factors that guide nurse managers regarding the staffing of agency nurses in intensive care units at private hospitals in Pretoria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karien Jooste

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Staffing needs affect the nursing department’s budget, staff productivity, the quality of care provided to patients and even the retention of nurses. It is unclear how the role players (the nursing agency manager, the nurse manager and the agency nurse perceive the staffing of agency nurses in intensive care units (ICUs. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the factors that guide nurse managers regarding the staffing of agency nurses in ICUs at private hospitals in Pretoria. A quantitative exploratory and descriptive design was used. A survey by means of a structured questionnaire was carried out. Probability sampling was implemented to obtain a study sample (n = 124. One similar self-administered 5-point scale instrument was completed by the participants. Data was analysed by means of descriptive and inferential statistics. The principles of validity and reliability were adhered to and ethical considerations were also taken into account. The results indicated limitations in the determining of posts, recruitment and advertising, as well as the selection and appointment of agency nurses in ICUs at private hospitals in Pretoria. Recommendations on staffing are made to nurse managers in ICUs.

  20. Thoughts on strengthening the construction of hospital culture%加强医院文化建设的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐佳

    2015-01-01

    医院文化已经成为医院生存和发展的重要战略资源和宝贵的物质及精神财富,有利于塑造良好的医院形象、增强职工凝聚力、增强医院市场竞争力、提高职工的整体素质及调节功能,但总体上仍存在一些不可忽视的问题,医院文化建设流于形式及表面。应通过提高医院管理水平、完善医院制度;以人为本进行管理(尊重人格、养成良好的自律意识和行为习惯、构筑双赢平台);创造人性化服务(塑造环境文化、树立“以患者为中心”的服务理念;建立完整的医疗服务体系);建立知识型医院;规范服务行为,促进医院文化建设。%The hospital culture has become an important strategic resource for the survival and development of the hospital and valuable material and spiritual wealth,is conducive to create a good image of the hospital,enhance employee cohesion, enhance the market competitiveness of the hospital,improve the overall quality of employees and regulating function,but there are still some problems that cannot be ignored in general,hospital culture construction becomes a mere formality and surface;by improving the level of hospital management,improve hospital system; people-oriented management (respect personality,habits,self-discipline and good behavior of building a win-win platform);create humanized service (shaping the environment culture, to establish"the patient as the center"of the service concept;the establishment of a complete medical service system building knowledge);Hospital normative acts service for the construction of hospital culture.

  1. Inter-agency communication and operations capabilities during a hospital functional exercise: reliability and validity of a measurement tool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savoia, Elena; Biddinger, Paul D; Burstein, Jon; Stoto, Michael A

    2010-01-01

    As proxies for actual emergencies, drills and exercises can raise awareness, stimulate improvements in planning and training, and provide an opportunity to examine how different components of the public health system would combine to respond to a challenge. Despite these benefits, there remains a substantial need for widely accepted and prospectively validated tools to evaluate agencies' and hospitals' performance during such events. Unfortunately, to date, few studies have focused on addressing this need. The purpose of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of a qualitative performance assessment tool designed to measure hospitals' communication and operational capabilities during a functional exercise. The study population included 154 hospital personnel representing nine hospitals that participated in a functional exercise in Massachusetts in June 2008. A 25-item questionnaire was developed to assess the following three hospital functional capabilities: (1) inter-agency communication; (2) communication with the public; and (3) disaster operations. Analyses were conducted to examine internal consistency, associations among scales, the empirical structure of the items, and inter-rater agreement. Twenty-two questions were retained in the final instrument, which demonstrated reliability with alpha coefficients of 0.83 or higher for all scales. A three-factor solution from the principal components analysis accounted for 57% of the total variance, and the factor structure was consistent with the original hypothesized domains. Inter-rater agreement between participants' self reported scores and external evaluators' scores ranged from moderate to good. The resulting 22-item performance measurement tool reliably measured hospital capabilities in a functional exercise setting, with preliminary evidence of concurrent and criterion-related validity.

  2. The hospital marketer and the advertising agency: who should do what--and to whom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keyser, J A

    1987-01-01

    Close cooperation between advertising agencies and their clients is an essential ingredient of a successful advertising campaign. Expectations and responsibilities must be clearly defined in writing, and realistic deadlines should be set and adhered to. Campaigns lacking these crucial components are handicapped from the start, and results produced will be less effective than a carefully planned and executed campaign.

  3. Starting a hospital-based home health agency: Part III--Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montgomery, P

    1993-10-01

    Successfully marketing home healthcare involves not only community awareness, but the system's support as well--nurses, physicians, administration, social services. Working together with common goals and commitments is essential to the program's success. Addressing questions and concerns ensures a successful business start-up and ongoing implementation. A service benefit profile, target markets, and a feasibility analysis are provided in this final section of a three-part series on establishing a home health agency.

  4. Crisis Thought

    OpenAIRE

    Morris, Edwin Kent

    2016-01-01

    Crisis thought is an idea that gives a name to and accounts for some of the problematics of the sign crisis in political, social, cultural, and economic discourse. Specifically, crisis thought is a discursive formation, a concept used loosely here to refer to an assemblage of signs such as anxiety or fear that evoke or invoke similar, but inaccurate connotations as crisis in political and everyday usage. The general question this study grapples with is why political, social, cultural, and eco...

  5. Thought Evolution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shadrikov V.D.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The thought evolution is studied by historical reconstruction method that is based on the propositions of the theory of culturalhistorical determination of the psyche development, and the data of the morphological analysis and child development, and the conception of the psyche neuroontogenesis. The grounds for advisability of protothinking are presented. The protothinking is understood as the use of objective thought in cases of awareness absence. It is shown that protothinking is a form of transition from animal thinking to human speech. The particular attention is paid to the process of the word producing and thought generation in that process. The conditions of word producing as cooccurring acoustic pattern served for though expression are discussed. It is emphasized that a word is produced by a particular person. The historical development of the language and the specificity of this development are pointed out

  6. Innovation Thoughts on Teaching Methods of Travel Agency Management Course%旅行社管理课程教学方法的创新思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牟晓一; 张德旺

    2011-01-01

    鉴于目前旅行社管理课程教学中理论和实践相脱节现象较为严重的情况,改进教学模式,培养出理论知识丰富,实际操作能力较强的旅游专业学生,是高校旅游管理专业教育改革的当务之急.本文从讨论式、参与式及案例式等教学方法入手,着重探讨这些教学方法在旅行社管理课程中的应用和创新.%In light of serious situation of the disconneetion between theory and practice in travel agency management course teaching, improving model and cultivating tourism students with rich theoretical knowledge and practical ability is the top priority of tourism management education reform in university. Started from teaching methods such as discussion type, participatory and case type, the paper focuses on the application and innovation of these teaching methods in travel agency management course.

  7. Hospitals

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — This database contains locations of Hospitals for 50 states and Washington D.C. , Puerto Rico and US territories. The dataset only includes hospital facilities and...

  8. 医院人力资源管理的几点思考%Some Thoughts on Human Resource Management in Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨妍玮

    2015-01-01

    从医院人力资源管理与医院人事管理的差异、医院人力资源管理对于医院发展的重大意义、提升医院人力资源管理的相关建议等三点对医院人力资源管理进行思考,重点围绕“落实根本保障”和“抓好主要途径”两方面提出提升医院人力资源管理的建议。%This paper is about the difference between hospital human resource management and hospital personnel management,the significance of human resource management for hospital development and the suggestions on improve-ment in hospital human resource management. It focuses mainly on the consideration of hospital human resource manage-ment and the suggestions on the improvement in hospital human resource management centering“to implement fundamen-tal guarantee”and“to grasp main routes well”.

  9. Thoughts on the Fine Management of Hospital Finance%医院财务精细化管理的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁秉红

    2015-01-01

    随着医疗服务价格在医院的统一实施、药品加成的逐步取消,医院收支结构发生了变化,医疗价格行为得到了进一步规范和调整,医院完成经济目标任务的难度变得越来越大。加强精细化管理医院财务,成为提高医院经济效益和服务效益的重要途径,也为医院完成经济目标保驾护航。%Along with the entire province medical service prices in the unity of the hospital, drug addition to phase out, hospital income structure has changed, the medical price behavior has been further standard and adjustment, the difficulty of the hospital economic goal task is becoming more and more big. To strengthen the hospital financial fine management, improvement of hospital service efficiency and the economic benefit is the important content, also for hospitals to complete economic goals.

  10. 基于医院管理队伍职业化建设的几点思考%Some Thoughts on the Construction of Hospital Management Team

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨帆; 张云宏; 杨凌虹

    2016-01-01

    近年来,我国的医疗卫生事业在政府的领导下开展了新一轮的改革,在医疗制度改革的大背景下,医院渐渐地从“传统化管理”向“职业化管理”过渡,医院管理人员职业化建设也被提上改革的日程。医院管理队伍职业化是实现医院科学管理的前提和基础。从现阶段医院发展状况来看,非职业化管理人员的管理方式无法适应现代医院管理模式,这种非职业化的管理严重阻碍了医院的经济发展。因此,为了深化医药卫生体制改革、在激烈的市场竞争中保有一席之地、顺应知识经济的潮流、推动医院科学管理、促进医院健康持续发展,医院管理队伍的职业化建设势在必行。医院管理队伍职业化关键在于建立医院管理队伍职业化用人机制,大力开展职业化培训,加强职业化道德建设,为医院管理队伍职业化健全保障机制。本文分析总结了医院管理人员的现状、探讨了医院管理人员职业化建设的必要性以及医院管理人员职业化建设的具体措施。%In recent years, China’s medical and health undertakings under the leadership of the government carried out a new round of reform, under the background of the reform of medical system, hospital gradually from“traditional management”transition to“career management, professional construction of hospital management personnel have also been put on the reform of the schedule. The professionalization of hospital management team is the premise and foundation to realize scientific manage-ment of hospital. From the current situation of hospital development, the management of non professional management person-nel can not adapt to the modern hospital management model, this kind of non professional management has seriously hindered the hospital’s economic development. Therefore, in order to deepen the reform of the medical and health system, in the fierce competition

  11. hospital

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pattern of congenital orthopaedic malformations in an African teaching hospital ... malformation in this environment while congenital hip dislocation (CDH) is rare when .... malformations of radial dysplasia and other congenital malformations.

  12. Are neurotic personality traits and neurotic symptoms intensity associated with suicidal thoughts reported by patients of a day hospital for neurotic disorders?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jerzy A. Sobański

    2015-12-01

    Day hospital patients reporting SI are a subgroup burdened with more severe neurotic disorders and comorbid personality disorders. Thus, the persons reporting in symptom questionnaires willingness to take one’s own life, although relatively frequently encountered, deserve special attention due to the greater severity of their symptoms.

  13. Theoretical thoughts on corporate governance structure in public hospitals%建立公立医院法人治理结构的理性思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯芮华; 朱士俊

    2010-01-01

    The paper systematically elaborated the concept of corporate governance structure of public hospitals and theories in relation. In addition, it analyzed the status quo and problems existing in corporate governance structure of public hospitals in China, proposing the basic principles and the council model of corporate governance structure. The authors emphasized the following responsibilities and rights of the council, the president, and the board of supervisors in such a framework: 1) As the hospital's highest decision-maker, the council exercises the rights of ownership, playing a decisive role in hospital management; 2) the president is appointed and dismissed by the council, and authorized to run the hospital; 3) the supervisors are responsible for overseeing the council and senior management. In the end, this paper summarized the external environment required for building corporate governance structure of public hospitals.%在系统阐述公立医院法人治理结构的概念和相关理论的基础上,分析了我国公立医院法人治理结构现状和存在问题,并提出公立医院法人治理结构的基本原则和理事会模式.重点阐述了该模式下理事会、院长和监事会的职责和权利:①理事会是医院的最高决策机构,行使所有者权利,在医院管理中居于核心地位;②医院院长由理事会决定聘任或者解聘,具有医院的经营管理权;③监事履行的是监督理事和高级管理人员的职责.最后总结了建立我国公立医院法人治理结构所需的外部环境.

  14. Thoughts on new hospital finance and accounting system implementation%新医院财务、会计制度执行思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    狄海涛

    2013-01-01

      新医院财务、会计制度的实施对严格医院预算管理、加强医院财务监督以及维护医疗卫生机构公益性具有十分重要的意义。新制度虽然弥补了旧制度的诸多不足之处,但在实施过程中仍发现一些问题,需要进一步完善和改进。%The implementation of new hospital finance and accounting system plays very important roles on strengthening hospital budget management and financial control, maintaining the nature of public interest. The new system has filled in gaps of the old system, but there are still problems in implementing the new system and need to be improved.

  15. Work support for working age persons who have experienced a stroke in Japan: cooperation between hospitals and work support agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Yoko; Mineo, Mai; Yaeda, Jun

    2013-01-01

    The number of Japanese working age persons who have experienced a stroke is significantly increasing. In such cases work support is an urgent issue. Although an active cooperation between medical institutions and work support agencies is critical, it has been insufficient, due to an absence of key coordinators with sufficient knowledge in both occupational therapy and work support or vocational rehabilitation. The present paper introduced two case studies to illustrate the importance of the cooperation between medical institutions and work support agencies and discussed reasons why medical institutions have difficulties in supporting persons who have experienced a stroke in their return to work.

  16. Some Thoughts of Pre-hospital Emergency Electronic Medical Record%构建院前急救电子病历的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志刚; 邹圣强; 赵伟

    2011-01-01

    构建院前急救电子病历应充分考虑院前急救"急、短、快"的工作特点,在其中纳入调度语音信息、急救视频信息、文字与图像信息等数字化信息,并采取有效的实现方式才能满足院前急救电子病历"客观、真实、准确、及时、完整、突出重点"的要求,达到提高急救质量,优化急救资源配置的最终目的.%Construction of pre-hospital emergency electronic medical record should take full account of pre-hospital emergency work characteristics that is urgent, short and fast, incorporating scheduling a voice message, first aid video information., text and image information, and other digital information. It should take effective way to meet the requirements of pre- hospital emergency electronic medical record which are objective, true, accurate,timely, complete, focused, for achieving aid quality improvement and aid resources optimization.

  17. 医院新职工岗前培训的思考与探索%Thoughts and exploration on new employees’ training before working in a hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴文斐

    2014-01-01

    Experience of traditional pre-job training was conduded and analyzed to help new employees to adapt to new work environment and enhance their comprehensive ability,the department of human resources in hospital needs to explore a set of practical and effective methods for new employees training in current situation.%总结分析传统岗前培训方式经验,结合当前医疗工作背景情况,探索一套可行、有效、与时俱进的医院新职工岗前培训,旨在使新职工能及时适应新的工作环境,并能切实提高医院人才的综合素质。

  18. Sooner rather than later. Oklahoma County hospitals and health agencies take immediate action on the uninsured problem by collaborating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zigmond, Jessica

    2007-04-23

    In reality TV, contestants are constantly forming an alliance--with mixed results. In Oklahoma County, it seemed like a good idea for physicians, hospitals and other leaders to come together to provide care for the uninsured. And it has been. Evan Collins, left, whose organization is part of that alliance, says: "We hope if this model works well, we can export it to other communities to replicate the same thing.

  19. The Brief Discussion of the Working Thoughts at the Animal Hospital of the Zoo%浅谈动物园兽医工作的思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄勉; 植广林

    2012-01-01

    This article is based on the reality of The Animal Hospital of Gnangzhou Zoological Garden, it discusses the aspects of means of diagnosis and therapy, the idea of work and method of management etc. And finds out the innovation point. Courage and great effort would also been pay. In the conditions of improving animal welfare and protecting animal diversity, passive medical treatment would be changed to initiative medical treatment and immunity. Animal scientific knowledge education, medical treatment, health care and animal exhibition are integrated in order to promote the brand value of the zoo.%本文从广州动物园兽医院的实际工作出发,对诊疗手段、工作思路、管理模式等方面进行阐述,从中找准创新点。在提高动物福利、保护动物多样性的前提下,变被动治疗为积极治疗和主动防疫,使科普教育、医疗保健、动物展示有机地结合起来,提升动物园的品牌价值。

  20. Thoughts on human resources construction in the research-oriented hospital%关于研究型医院人才建设的几点思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨坤; 肖华锋; 刁天喜

    2015-01-01

    通过对研究型医院的内涵和人才队伍建设的界定,分析了传统医院人才建设存在的误区,从创新理念,营造医院优秀的人才文化;完善各种方式,提供优质的培训服务;针对学科发展特点,创新人才的布局和结构;深化内部改革,创新人才评价机制等方面提出了研究型医院人才建设的几点设想。%By defining the content and concept of research oriented hospital and human resources team building, the misunderstanding of the existing human resources building were analyzed. Suggestions such as building excellent human resources culture, providing good training, innovating human resources construction and innovating human resources assessment mechanism were proposed.

  1. Thoughts about group construction of maternal and child health hospitals%妇幼保健院集团化建设的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡祖斌

    2012-01-01

    我国医疗保健市场竞争日趋激烈,妇幼保健机构面临双重压力的考验:一方面其本身存在着投资少、规模小、设备落后、人才技术缺乏、先天禀赋不足的问题;另一方面医疗机构的迅猛发展和扩张,对市场空间的挤占,使得它更显得弱小和单薄.为了寻求生存和发展,适应市场的竞争,妇幼保健机构应该走集团化发展的道路.此研究分析了妇幼保健机构面临的形势,提出了走集团化发展道路的优势,并就如何推进妇幼保健机构集团化建设提出了设想.%The competition in medical health care market becomes fierce with each passing day, the maternal and child health institutions face double tests: On the one hand, they have the disadvantages of less investment, small scale, outdated facilities, a lack of talent and technology and inadequate congenital endowment; on the other hand, the rapid development and expansion of the medical institutions squeeze the market space and make the maternal and child health institutions seem more weaker and smaller. In order to seek for survival and development, the maternal and child health institutions should take the road of collectivization development to adapt to the market competition. The article analyzed the situation that the maternal and child health institutions faced, presented the advantages of collectivization development and proposed ideas of how to promote the collectivization construction of maternal and child health hospitals.

  2. Thought 2 Talk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent F.

    Thought2Talk is a crash course on argument, reasoning and logical method honoring the Swedish poet and Bishop of Lund, Esaias Tegnér, who once said: The words and thoughts of men are born together: To speak obscurely is to think obscurely. In 100 humorous yet erudite pages, Thought2Talk takes...

  3. Study on Young Medical Workers' Thought and Practice Condition in Our Hospital%我院医务青年思想状况调查与医务青年的工作实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡亚琼; 丁俭; 黄敏; 李会

    2012-01-01

    Objective;To explore the thought condition of young medical workers, provide guidance for medical youth team construction. Method; Using stratified random sampling and questionnaire investigation, and the recovery of effective questionnaires were used Excel 2003 statistical for analysis. Results: The results showed that most of the investigation object care hospital development (77. 3% ), would like to for hospital development goal to struggle (75. 5% ) , would like to pay the extra effort (74.2% ) ; 66.5% of that investigation object in the professional promising, they think that information acquisition (55.2% ) , professional training (40.7% ) , career planning (39.7% ) is an effective help them; Investigation object to spare life and the tendency of leisure is dispersed. Conclusion: Young medical workers'thought and demand are diversified, life is of network, and have the personalized characteristics, thus young medical workers must follow the practice principle " leading in thought, organizationally safeguarding, education in practice, promoting using mechanism, influencing by cultural ".%目的 通过调查、分析,了解医务青年的思想动态,为医务青年队伍建设提供指导依据.方法 采用分层随机取样和问卷调查方法,并对回收的有效问卷使用Excel 2003进行统计学分析.结果 对医务青年的职业态度、职业发展规划、业余生活情况等进行调研发现,其中大部分(77.3%)比较关心医院的发展,愿意为医院的发展目标而奋斗的占75.5%,愿意付出额外努力的占74.2%;66.5%的认为自己从事的专业有发展前途,他们认为信息获取(55.2%)、专业培训(40.7%)、职业规划(39.7%)等方面是有效的成才帮助;调研对象对业余生活和休闲方式的倾向较分散.结论 医务青年群体呈现思想多元化、需求多样化、生活网络化、观念个性化的特点,因此提出对医务青年要进行“思想上引领、组织上保障、

  4. The Association between Thoughts of Defecation and Thoughts of Death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunkel, Curtis S.

    2009-01-01

    Three studies were conducted examining the relationship between thoughts of defecation and thoughts of death. In Study 1 and Study 3 it was found that making thoughts of feces salient reduced the accessibility of death thoughts. In Study 2 it was found that making thoughts of death salient decreased the accessibility of feces thoughts. It is…

  5. 高职国际货运代理课程建设的实践与思考%The Practice and Thought on Curriculum Construction of Higher Vocational International Freight Agency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵苇苇

    2012-01-01

    基于工作过程的课程设计是高职院校课程改革的一种新理念和新方法。以国际货运代理业务工作过程为设计基础,就选取教学内容、设计教学方法以及课程考核方式等方面对高职国际货运代理课程进行了设计,并将其付诸实践,取得了一定的效果。%The curriculum design based on working process is one new concept and new method of curriculum reform in higher vocational colleges.Based on the design of international freight agency business working process,this paper makes design on higher vocational international freight agency curriculum on choosing teaching content,and designing teaching method and curriculum check form.It has been carried out and achieved certain effect.

  6. Popper's Thought Experiment Reinvestigated

    CERN Document Server

    Richardson, Chris D

    2011-01-01

    Popper's original thought experiment probed some fundamental and subtle rules of quantum mechanics. Two recent experiments have tested Popper's hypothesis, but they seem to give contrasting results and one suggests a violation of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle. The equations governing these two experiments and Popper's thought experiment will be derived from basic principles. The experimental constants will be inputted and it will show that the two experiments agree with each other. It will be shown that no uncertainty relations are violated and that Popper's thought experiment was fundamentally flawed.

  7. Popper's Thought Experiment Reinvestigated

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Chris; Dowling, Jonathan

    2012-02-01

    Karl Popper posed an interesting thought experiment in 1934. With it, he meant to question the completeness of quantum mechanics. He claimed that the notion of quantum entanglement leads to absurd scenarios that cannot be true in real life and that an implementation of his thought experiment would not give the results that QM predicts. Unfortunately for Popper, it has taken until recently to perform experiments that test his claims. The results of the experiments do not refute QM as Popper predicted, but neither do they confirm what Popper claimed QM predicted. Kim and Shih implemented Popper's thought experiment in the lab. The results of the experiment are not clear and have instigated many interpretations of the results. The results show some correlation between entangled photons, but not in the way that Popper thought, nor in the way a simple application of QM might predict. A ghost-imaging experiment by Strekalov, et al. sheds light on the physics behind Popper's thought experiment, but does not try to directly test it. I will build the physics of Popper's thought experiment from the ground up and show how the results of both of these experiments agree with each other and the theory of QM, but disprove Popper.

  8. Project governance: "Schools of thought"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michiel Christiaan Bekker

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The terminology, definition and context of project governance have become a focal subject for research and discussions in project management literature. This article reviews literature on the subject of project governance and categorise the arguments into three schools of thought namely the single-firm school, multi-firm school and large capital school. The single-firm school is concerned with governance principles related to internal organisational projects and practice these principles at a technical level. The multi-firm school address the governance principles concerned with two of more organisations participating on a contractual basis on the same project and focus their governance efforts at the technical and strategic level. The large capital school consider projects as temporary organisations, forming their own entity and establishing governance principles at an institutional level. From these schools of thought it can be concluded that the definition of project governance is dependent on the type of project and hierarchical positioning in the organisation. It is also evident that further research is required to incorporate other governance variables and mechanisms such as transaction theory, social networks and agency theory. The development of project governance frameworks should also consider the complexity of projects spanning across international companies, across country borders and incorporating different value systems, legal systems, corporate governance guidelines, religions and business practices.

  9. Religious thought and behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawson, Ernest Thomas

    2012-09-01

    While earlier approaches to religious thought and practice searched for 'magic bullet' approaches to explain religious thought and behavior, seeing it as an example of irrationality, illusion, integrative force, symbolism, or false explanations of origins, cognitive scientific approaches have suggested that we see it rather as an aggregate of the products of various cognitive mechanisms. Studies in the cognitive science of religion, informed by experimental work, have converged on a standard model of explaining religious thought and behavior by focussing on the role of minimally counter-intuitive concepts, agent and animacy detection, ritual representations, notions of contagion and contamination avoidance, theory of mind, coalitions, and moral intuitions. WIREs Cogn Sci 2012 doi: 10.1002/wcs.1189 For further resources related to this article, please visit the WIREs website.

  10. Strategic Thoughts in Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliane Inês Di Francesco Kich

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze a new way of thinking about the organizational strategies through a theoretical discussion of the term "strategic thoughts", and its development in organizations. To achieve this, a bibliographical research was conducted in order to go more deeply on the theme and reach a conceptual background, which can support further analysis. Among the results of this research, it is emphasized that the pragmatic characteristics of strategic planningappears to not have more space in the current organizational world, this tool needs to be interconnected to the strategic thought process to bring more effective results. In this regard, the challenged is present in how the organizations could develop a strategic planning that encourages strategic thoughts instead of undermine it, as well as, the development of tools that promote the ability to think strategically in all employees, regardless of the hierarchical levels.

  11. Language, Thought, and Culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henle, Paul, Ed.

    This book presents a collection of essays intended for an integrated study of language by anthropologists, literary critics, philosophers, psychologists, sociologists, and linguists. There is first a discussion of theories concerning the interrelationship of language, thought, and culture. This is followed by a discussion of the development of…

  12. Christianity and Political Thought

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomassen, Bjørn; Forlenza, Rosario

    2016-01-01

    This article engages with the thought of Augusto Del Noce (1910-1989), the most important Italian Catholic philosopher and political thinker of the twentieth century. The focus is on how Del Noce came to elaborate a Catholic ‘modernity,’ bridging a positive encounter between Catholicism, democracy...

  13. Educational Thoughts on "Three

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    With simple, light touches but deep philosophical thought, this article analyses the problems in China’s education, and at the same time, it probes into the problems of effectiveness of educational theories and methods from the considerations of THREE as the basic starting point.

  14. Language and Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵云龙

    2010-01-01

    @@ 1 Introduction If one asks about the relation between thought and language, people expect the issue to concern such matters as whether we think in language, whether creatures without language can "think", and the way language shapes our concepts. In my opinion, there is a much deeper question, which concerns the nature of linguistic communication.

  15. The psychology of psychology: A thought experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceci, Stephen J; Williams, Wendy M

    2015-01-01

    In the target article, Duarte et al. allege that the lack of political diversity reduces research efficacy. We pose a thought experiment that could provide an empirical test by examining whether institutional review board (IRB) members, granting agencies, and journal reviewers filter scientific products based on political values, invoking scientific criteria (rigor, etc.) as their justification. When these same products are cast in terms highlighting opposite values, do these people shift their decisions?

  16. Thought Positions in Sculpture

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Thought Positions in Sculpture presents ten contemporary artists who have encountered the archive through the stories of their own art practice. The physical exhibition at Huddersfield Art Gallery refers to existing works of art from Leeds Museums and Galleries Sculpture Collection, archival material from the Henry Moore Institute, digitised archival material from the Tate Gallery, audio material from the British Library and other archival sites, some of which are inventions by the artist the...

  17. Diplomatic agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    diplomatic agency has been conceptualized in International Relations theory (English School, game theory, Foreign Policy Analysis, constructivism, practice theory, post-positivism) before presenting and exemplifying major and overlapping types of diplomatic agency, including communication, negotiation......, it discusses how diplomatic agency is linked to conceptions of diplomatic representation and legitimacy in its actual, functional and symbolic forms....

  18. Thoughts on Interaction Design

    CERN Document Server

    Kolko, Jon

    2009-01-01

    Interaction Designers-whether practicing as Usability Engineers, Visual Interface Designers, or Information Architects-attempt to understand and shape human behavior in order to design products that are at once usable, useful, and desirable. Although the value of design is now recognized as essential to product development, the field is often misunderstood by managers and other team members, who don't understand a designer's role in a team. This can cause inefficient and ineffective products. Thoughts on Interaction Design gives individuals engaged in this profession the dialogue to justify t

  19. Practice and Thought on Trusteeship Based on the Model of Hospital Strategic Management%基于医院发展战略管理模式下的托管实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱跃州; 朱永生; 鲁翔

    2012-01-01

    托管是公立医院改革的一种重要形式,是在被托管方产权不变的情况下,实现所有权和管理权分离的一种模式.有助于医疗资源的合理流动与整合.基于医院发展战略管理模式,通过对南京医科大学第二附属医院托管南京市第三医院过程的分析和研究,阐述了托管的思路和成效,并对此进行了深入探讨,为公立医院改革提供思路和借鉴.%Trusteeship is a primary form of public hospital management system reform, which could separate the ownership and management rights effectively without affecting the property rights, and contribute to reasonable flow and integration of medical resources. Based on hospital strategic management model, through an analysis and study on the practice that the Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University entrusted Nanjing Third Hospital with an innovative management model, the pathway and achievement is expounded, and a deep discussion is made on this practice so as to provide lessons for public hospital reform.

  20. Innovation Thought and Discussion of Hospital Discipline in Spection and Supervision Work under the New Situation%新形势下做好医院纪检监察工作的创新思路与探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆新华

    2016-01-01

    该文阐述了医院管理工作中纪检监察工作的职责,分析了医院纪检监察管理的要点,并就教育宣传、权力监督、管理模式、行风建设等四个方面,分析和探讨了新时期如何创新医院纪检监察工作思路é%This paper expounds the disciplinary inspection and supervision work in the hospital management responsibili-ties, analysis the main points of the hospital management of discipline inspection and supervision, and four aspects of publicity and education, power supervision, management mode, morals construction, analysis, and discusses how to create new hospital discipline inspection and supervision work of thinking in the new period.

  1. A Technique: Generating Alternative Thoughts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serkan AKKOYUNLU

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: One of the basic techniques of cognitive therapy is examination of automatic thoughts and reducing the belief in them. By employing this, we can overcome the cognitive bias apparent in mental disorders. Despite this view, according to another cognitive perspective in a given situation, there are distinct cognitive representations competing for retrieval from memory just like positive and negative schemas. In this sense generating or strengthening alternative explanations or balanced thoughts that explain the situation better than negative automatic thoughts is one of the important process goals of cognitive therapy.Objective: Aim of this review is to describe methods used to generate alternative/balanced thoughts that are used in examining automatic thoughts and also a part of automatic thought records. Alternative/balanced thoughts are the summary and end point of automatic thought work. In this text different ways including listing alternative thoughts, using examining the evidence for generating balanced thoughts, decatastrophizing in anxiety and a meta-cognitive method named two explanations are discussed. Different ways to use this technique as a homework assignment is also reviewed. Remarkable aspects of generating alternative explanations and realistic/balanced thoughts are also reviewed and exemplified using therapy transcripts. Conclusion: Generating alternative explanations and balanced thoughts are the end point and important part of therapy work on automatic thoughts. When applied properly and rehearsed as homework between sessions, these methods may lead to improvement in many mental disorders

  2. Analysis and thoughts on trend and harm of hospital violence%医院场所暴力伤医趋势、不良影响分析与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲玲; 王晨; 曹艳林; 赵越; 程宇涛; 郑莉丽

    2014-01-01

    根据中国医院协会《医院场所暴力伤医情况调研报告》中的相关数据,对医院场所暴力伤医事件发生趋势、给医院带来的不良影响、恶性伤医事件特点、医院应对医疗纠纷和风险防范、患者就医行为等进行了分析研究。提出法律意识淡薄、犯罪成本低严重影响了医疗执业环境;恶性伤医事件是社会矛盾在医院的反映,社会应共同努力化解;医疗资源与患者需求不成比例造成医患沟通不足等观点。%According to the data of report on hospital violence investigation, the trend, harm, characters, risk prevention and patient’s behavior in hospital violence are discussed. It shows that poor legal awareness and low crime cost has heavily affected medical treatment environment. Vicious event is the reflection of the social contradictions in hospital and needs full participation to smooth. And the mismatched medical resources and patient demands makes inadequate of hospital patient communication.

  3. Making sense of thought leadership

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.D. van Halderen (Mignon); K. Kettler-Paddock (Kym)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractMany corporations feel that they should be developing a thought leadership strategy. However, when asked what thought leadership actually means or entails, most managers immediately falter in providing an explanation. So, what is thought leadership, why is it important, and how can

  4. Fuels for Thought!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clifford Louime

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available When it comes to the marketing of the bioenergy brand, one of the catchiest slogans out these days is “25 by ‘25”. Adopted and supported by industries, academia and government agencies alike, this organization simply aims to supply 25 percent of our energy from renewable resources by the year 2025. By focusing its future efforts on wind, solar and biomass resources, the “25 by 25” initiative is expected to create new jobs, develop novel technologies, help mitigate the effects of global warming and reduce our dependence on fossil fuels. [...

  5. Teacher agency:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Robinson, Sarah; Priestley, Mark; Biesta, Gert

    2015-01-01

    The concept of teacher agency has emerged in recent literature as an alternative means of understanding how teachers might enact practice and engage with policy (e.g. Lasky, 2005; Leander & Osbourne, 2008; Ketelaar et al., 2012; Priestley, Biesta & Robinson, 2013). But what is agency? Agency...... remains an inexact and poorly conceptualised construct in much of the literature, where it is often not clear whether the term refers to an individual capacity of teachers to act agentically or to an emergent ‘ecological’ phenomenon dependent upon the quality of individuals’ engagement...... with their environments (Biesta & Tedder, 2007). In this chapter, we outline the latter conception of agency, developing a conceptual model for teacher agency that emphasizes the temporal and relational dimension of the achievement of agency. Why does this matter? Recent curriculum policy in many countries heralds a [re...

  6. 执行抗震救灾任务对方舱医院装备建设的思考%Thought on Cabin Hospital Building in Performing Mission of Earthquake Relief Duty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊晓斌; 陈宏光

    2011-01-01

    Combined with the two earthquake relief work duty practice, cabin hospital especially field operation medical service cabin is analyzed and discussed in aspects of medical equipment and interior layout. The use experience of the e-quipment management ig summarized. The construction and services of non-war military action side cabin hospital equipment are praposed.%结合2次抗震救灾任务实践,对方舱医院特别是野战医疗方舱在医疗设备配备、方舱内部布局等方面进行了分析和讨论,总结了装备管理使用经验,提出了执行非战争军事行动方舱医院装备建设与维修保养的建议.

  7. Experiences and thoughts on large tertiary military hospital site accreditation%军队大型医院三甲等级现场评审体会与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小龙; 王文桥; 杨宏桥; 郭渝成

    2013-01-01

      对军队医院评审工作进行回顾思考,并提出建设性建议,即:军队医院评审要进一步健全评审体系,完善评审和促建畅销机制;进一步完善考核标准;改进评审方法,进一步提高检查效率。%Military hospital accreditation was reviewed and recommendations were presented. It shows that the accreditation system for military hospital needs to be further improved on accreditation and long-term effective mechanism, further improve accreditation standard and promote accreditation methods to improve efficient.

  8. 产权结构变革与民营医院可持续发展之思考%A Thought on the Transformation of Property Right Structure and the Sustainable Development for Individually-Run Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国栋

    2009-01-01

    我国大多数民营医院由自然人或家庭投资创办,产权结构单一,资本规模小,难以取得规模经济效益.民营医院产权结构单一的原因是多方面的,既有投资主体单一、投资主体不断分化的原因,也受中华传统文化和家庭式控制的影响.民营医院要健康发展,必须进行必要的产权结构变革,通过实行产权多元化、所有权和经营权适度分离、行业内资产重组等途径促进民营医院可持续发展.%The majority of individually - run hospitals are invested and founded by a natural person or a family, with a small -scale capital and a unitary property right structure, thus no scale economic returns can be achieved. There are diversified rea-sons of the unitary property right structure of the individually - run hospitals, not only because of the simple investment subject and the constant break - up of the investment subjects, but also being influenced by the Chinese traditional culture and family control. In order to have a healthy development for individually - run hospitals, it is imperative to transform the property right structure such as diversified ownership, appropriate separation between ownership and management and inner - trade assets reorganization so as to promote the sustainable development of individually - run hospitals.

  9. Thoughts on Several Issues of Orientation Training for New Hospital-employees%医院新入职员工岗前培训若干问题的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘佳

    2014-01-01

    Orientation training for new hospital-employees is an important part of education and management. With four years training experience of author’s hospital,this paper provides a summary from the object of training,form,content,meaning and so on. Training focus on the content of laws,regulations, ethics and other common knowledge,and increasing the service,the service concept to strengthen education effect. The purpose is to make the new hospital-employees changing role as soon as possible. Against how to improve the orientation training of hospital,the paper discussed the question from four aspects.%新职工入院,岗前培训是教育管理的重要环节。本文结合笔者所在医院近4年的培训实践经验,从培训的对象、形式、内容、意义等方面进行了总结。培训中强调将内容重点放在法律法规、规章制度、医德医风等共性知识方面,增加了优质服务、服务理念强化教育。目的是使新员工尽快完成角色转换,文内针对如何完善医院岗前培训的问题从4个方面进行论述和思考。

  10. Thought of Military Hospital Economic Management Information Platform Technical Team Building%军队医院经济管理信息平台技术队伍建设思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马锡坤; 陈金未; 韩雄

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To research building method of professional military HRP technical team. Method: Discussing building mode of professional military HRP technical team from aspects such as building thoughts, major structure, building method, development mechanism and so on. Result: To greatly enhance technical team building effect by multiple pathways such as thoughts of advancing on the whole, emphasis on training key staff, better system for staff evaluation, method of unified organization and unified between military and civilian, research and practice, introduction and training. Conclusion: Technical team can be developed soundly, rapidly and sustainably by strengthening organization leadership and regime construction, completing training system, enabling staff switching jobs orderly.%目的:研究军队HRP专业技术人才队伍的建设。方法:从建设思路、专业结构、组建方式、发展机制等方面探讨军队HRP技术队伍建设模式。结果:坚持整体推进的思路,突出重点人才的培养,完善人才绩效评价体系,采取统一组织、军民融合的方式,通过研究与实践、引进与培训等多种途经,大力加强技术队伍建设。结论:加强组织领导和制度建设,完善教育培训体系,推进人才有序流动,确保技术队伍又好又快、可持续健康发展。

  11. Agency Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism....

  12. “公推直选”在医院基层党支部换届中的应用实践%Thoughts on Public Nomination and Direct Election in the Election of Party Branch of Hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐倍; 陈英; 沈迎春; 费苛

    2011-01-01

    基层党组织“公推直选”是中国共产党发展党内民主的最新实践成果之一.上海市第十人民医院党委在党支部换届选举工作中,试点“公推直选”换届成功,有效地调动广大党员和群众参与党内民主建设的积极性,扩大了党的群众基础.本文对在医院基层党支部换届选举中试行“公推直选”的经验进行总结,并结合相关文献资料进行分析,旨在为新形势下深化医院党组织民主建设、改革干部选任机制提供理论依据和实践经验.%"Public nomination and Direct Election" in the party organization at grass - roots level is one of the latest outcome of developing inner - party democracy by CCP. A trial was made of public nomination and direct election in Shanghai tenth people hospital committee in the election of its party branch, which motivate the party members and the masses to take an active part in the construction of inner - party democracy. We summarized our experience in the election of party branch of hospitals by public nomination and direct election and made an analysis of it with related materials, aiming at providing theoretical basis and experience for further democracy construction and leader election innovation in CCP of hospitals under the new situation.

  13. 广东省医院医学工程学科建设基本情况调查与思考%Survey and Thought Concerning Medical Engineering Disciplines Construction in Hospitals of Guangdong Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘曼芳; 杨绍洲; 崔飞易; 黄刚

    2013-01-01

    通过问卷调查方式获取广东省医院医学工程学科的一手资料,及时了解全省医学工程科设置情况和管理职能,了解各级医院临床医学工程技术人员的构成、工作状况及专业技能知识培训需求等.本文针对广东省医学工程部门学科建设存在的问题,提出一些解决的方法和建议.%Through conduction of questionnaires in medical engineering disciplines construction in Guangdong hospitals,the first-hand data concerning construction of medical engineering disciplines are obtained,which helps to understand the structures and management functions of medical engineering disciplines in the whole province.Simultaneously,personnel structures,working status and their needs in training of professional skills are acquired from hospitals of different levels.Additionally,some solutions and suggestions are put forward according to the existing problems of medical engineering disciplines in Guangdong.

  14. 对国有医院资产授权运营模式的思考%Thoughts on the authorized operation with state-owned assets in public hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    应争先; 沈琚; 李成

    2008-01-01

    针对我国现有医疗卫生改革的现状及其原因,从医院运营机制角度出发,阐明了医院国有资产授权运营模式的可行性及授权运营具体操作模式,为如何有效解决有限的国有卫生资源投入与人民日益增长的卫生健康需求之间的矛盾提出了一种新的思路.%In view of the current conditions and reasons about the reform of medical and health system in China,the paper expounds the feasibility of authorized operation with state-owned assets of public hospital and the concrete operational pattern from the angle of hospital operational mechanism, which proposes a new idea about how to effectively solve the contradiction between the limited investment on state-owned health resources and the growing demands on medical health.

  15. Agency Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2015-01-01

    Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting, and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex ...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism.......Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting, and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...

  16. Agency Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex a...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism.......Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...

  17. Agency employment

    OpenAIRE

    Tomčíková, Ilona

    2012-01-01

    - Agency Employment For my thesis topic, I have chosen "Agency Employment". It's a relatively young institute, which was incorporated into our legal system only on October 1st, 2004. I believe that Agency Employment topic can be always considered current and positive, because it allows us to flexibly react to the needs of the job market. Since the topic is very broad, the goal of this paper is not a detailed analysis of all aspects of this institute, but only a few of them that I consider to ...

  18. 预备役医院转化医学技术创新体系建设思考%Thoughts on the construction of the technical innovative system of translational medicine in reserve hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓军; 徐迪雄; 罗长坤

    2013-01-01

    新军事变革引领了卫勤保障模式的变革,促成了预备役医院的建设.转化医学以其“从基础到临床、从创新到实践、从研究到应用”的独特作用,切合了预备役医院“立足市场、面向战场”从理念到实践、从局部到整体、从要素到体系的方方面面和时空的全维需求.技术创新是转化医学的核心,也是满足日益增长的战时卫勤保障需求的根本途径.因此,大力加强转化医学技术创新体系建设,不仅为预备役医院平时建设指明新方向、注入新活力,更是实现平战快速转换、高效发挥医学救援能力的重要保证.%New military transformation leads to the transformation of the mechanism of military medical service,and stimulates the development of reserve hospitals.Based on its unique function of "from basic medicine to clinical medicine,from innovation to practice,from research to application",translational medicine combines the concept of "base on market and face battlefield",it has satisfied the need of an all-round development.Technical innovation is the core of translational medicine,it is also the basic way to meet the growing demand of medical support in war time.Thus,to strengthen the construction of the technical innovative system of translational medicine not only provides a new guidance to the development of reserve hospitals,but also offers an important guarantee to the realization of effective hospital mobilization and medical relief effort.

  19. Hospice Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of all Hospice Agencies that have been certified by Medicare. The list includes addresses, phone numbers, and date of original CMS certification, as well as...

  20. Advertising Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    2015-01-01

    for their clients, the advertisers, who are in search of customers for their goods and services. Agencies thus mediate between three different but interlocking social groups: industry, media, and consumers. The history of advertising is largely the history of the advertising agencies that have served the needs......Advertising agencies are the most significant organizations in the development of advertising and marketing worldwide. An advertising agency is an independent service company, composed of business, marketing and creative people, who develop, prepare, and place advertising in advertising media...... of these three groups. They link industry and media by creating new forms for messages about products and services; industry and consumers by developing comprehensive communications campaigns and providing information thereon; and media and consumers by conducting audience research to enable market segmentation...

  1. Transformative Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Majgaard, Klaus

    The purpose of this paper is to enhance the conceptual understanding of the mediatory relationship between paradoxes on an organizational and an individual level. It presents a concept of agency that comprises and mediates between a structural and individual pole. The constitution of this agency ...... is achieved through narrative activity that oscillates between the poles and transforms paradoxes through the configuration of plots and metaphors. Empirical cases are introduced in order to illustrate the implications of this understanding....

  2. Impact of Medicare's prospective payment system on hospitals, skilled nursing facilities, and home health agencies: how the Balanced Budget Act of 1997 may have altered service patterns for Medicare providers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kulesher, Robert R

    2006-01-01

    The prospective payment system is one of many changes in reimbursement that has affected the delivery of health care. Originally developed for the payment of inpatient hospital services, it has become a major factor in how all health insurance is reimbursed. The policy implications extend beyond the Medicare program and affect the entire health care delivery system. Initially implemented in 1982 for payments to hospitals, prospective payment system was extended to payments for skilled nursing facility and home health agency services by the Balanced Budget Act of 1997. The intent of the Balanced Budget Act was to bring into balance the federal budget through reductions in spending. The decisions that providers have made to mitigate the impact are a function of ownership type, organizational mission, and current level of Medicare participation. This article summarizes the findings of several initial studies on the Balanced Budget Act's impact and discusses how changes in Medicare reimbursement policy have influenced the delivery of health care for the general public and for Medicare beneficiaries.

  3. Bon Mots for Bad Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallin, Jason J.

    2012-01-01

    This article questions how the philosophy of Gilles Deleuze has been received and connected to the field of curriculum theory. In an effort to reconnect Deleuze-thought to its political force, this essay commences a series of arguments pertaining to the ways in which the revolutionary thought of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari have been…

  4. In Defence of Thought Stopping

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakker, Gary Maria

    2009-01-01

    Thought stopping (TS) has a long and established history as an effective mental control technique among the cognitive behavioural therapies (CBT). Recent claims have arisen, particularly from acceptance and mindfulness-based authors, that thought suppression--and therefore TS--is counterproductive. These claims take the syllogistic form: TS is a…

  5. 某三级综合医院预约诊疗服务的实践与思考%The implementation and thoughts on reservation diagnosis and treatment in a tertiary general hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汉业旭; 姚峥; 刘琳; 赵国光

    2015-01-01

    Started by the specific practices and measures of the implementation of reservation of diagnosis and treatment in a tertiary general hospital, reservation of diagnosis and treatment work in recent years was reviewed to sort the specific work. By data analysis, the valuable work experience and working methods were shared. Furthermore, problems of implementing reservation were discussed. Countermeasures such as requiring real name reservation, magnanimously dealing with breach event and the prospect of reservation service were also discussed.%以某大型三级综合医院实施预约诊疗工作实践为切入点,回顾近几年预约诊疗工作的开展情况,将具体工作进行梳理,用数据说话,并分享预约诊疗工作宝贵经验、工作方法.同时,对开展预约诊疗服务工作过程中一些问题进行思考,指出应坚持预约实名制原则,以包容和积极的态度面对爽约,并对预约诊疗服务的发展趋势进行了展望.

  6. 县级医院药剂科加强管理的一点思路%Train of Thoughts on Strengthening Management of Pharmacy Department in the County-level Hospital

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘则宗; 李玉霞

    2016-01-01

    该文从药品采购与出库、药剂科的财务管理及药剂科信息化建设、临床药学四个方面进行阐述和分析,探索基层医院药剂科加强管理的策略,指出制定科学合理的管理制度,加强临床药学及信息化建设才能使药剂科进一步转变职能,更好地为患者服务é%to explore four aspects for the pharmacy department to strengthen management in primary hospitals. This paper states and analyzes the four aspects from drug purchase and delivery from storage, financial management and information construction and Clinical Pharmacy. Make further change in function of department of pharmacy, and provide better service for patients, we have to come up with scientific and reasonable management, and strengthen clinical pharmacy and informa-tion construction.

  7. Thoughts on Reflection (Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Koufogiannakis

    2010-06-01

    Evidence in Practice section uses a standardized format enabling practitioners to share their experience of integrating research evidence into their practice. The final section of these brief articles asks the writers to reflect on their experience. Although it is not research, the individual reflection allies with what Schön (1983 called “reflection on action” and such reflections over time form a practical, tacit knowledge that we use to inform our work. Within this section of the journal, we hope readers will become more aware of how different types of evidence can be integrated into real‐world decision making. Not everything requires a full blown research study, and this section allows readers to see what other practitioners are doing, and in turn it should enable them to reflect upon what they are doing in their own practice. Being aware of situations where things may or may not have worked, and reflecting on the reasons why, brings together our sense of critical thought and practical experience that go a long way in filling the “librarian observed” and “professional judgements” parts of the EBLIP definition (Booth and Brice 2004. Acquiring professional knowledge does not end when we complete a graduate program, or have a certain number of years experience under our belts. It needs to be continually and consciously cultivated via reflection on our practice, our research, and simply what works and why. Research knowledge only takes us so far. People often ask me, “What do I do when there is no evidence? Or when the research evidence is weak?” Does this stop us from moving ahead? No. A decision still needs to be made. Evidence based practice is not only about acting when there is good evidence. Enhancing our professional judgments via a career built on analytical reflection, will provide knowledge that goes a long way towards making difficult decisions a little bit easier; even (or perhaps, especially in the cases when there is already a large body of

  8. Personal identity and eastern thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Correia Carlos João

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show that the problem of personal identity is a fundamental question of the classical Indian thought. Usually we tend to think that personal identity is a Western philosophical subject, and so we tend to forget the significance of the Self (Atman in Hinduism and even in Buddhism. The author shows how the Indian thought approached the question of personal identity and which was the singular solution outlined in the work consensually attributed to Gotama, the Buddha.

  9. The Start-Up of the first Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Center in the Iraqi Kurdistan: a Capacity-Building Cooperative Project by the Hiwa Cancer Hospital, Sulaymaniyah, and the Italian Agency for Development Cooperation: an Innovative Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Majolino, Ignazio; Othman, Dosti; Rovelli, Attilio; Hassan, Dastan; Rasool, Luqman; Vacca, Michele; Abdalrahman, Nigar; Abdullah, Chra; Ahmed, Zhalla; Ali, Dlir; Ali, Kosar; Broggi, Chiara; Calabretta, Cinzia; Canesi, Marta; Ciabatti, Gloria; Del Fante, Claudia; De Sapio, Elisabetta; Dore, Giovanna; Frigato, Andrea; Gabriel, Marcela; Ipsevich, Francesco; Kareem, Harem; Karim, Dana; Leone, Rosa; Mahmood, Tavan; Manna, Annunziata; Massei, Maria Speranza; Mastria, Andrea; Mohammed, Dereen; Mohammed, Rebar; Najmaddin, Khoshnaw; Noori, Diana; Ostuni, Angelo; Palmas, Angelo; Possenti, Marco; Qadir, Ali; Real, Giorgio; Shrif, Rebwar; Valdatta, Caterina; Vasta, Stefania; Verna, Marta; Vittori, Mariangela; Yousif, Awder; Zallio, Francesco; Calisti, Alessandro; Quattrocchi, Sergio; Girmenia, Corrado

    2017-01-01

    We describe the entire process leading to the start-up of a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation center at the Hiwa Cancer Hospital, in the city of Sulaymaniyah, Kurdistan Iraqi Region. This capacity building project was funded by the Italian Development Cooperation Agency and implemented with the support of the volunteer work of Italian professionals, either physicians, nurses, biologists and technicians. The intervention started in April 2016, was based exclusively on training and coaching on site, that represent a significant innovative approach, and led to a first autologous transplant in June 2016 and to the first allogeneic transplant in October. At the time of reporting, 9 months from the initiation of the project, 18 patients have been transplanted, 15 with an autologous and 3 with an allogeneic graft. The center at the HCH represents the first transplantation center in Kurdistan and the second in wide Iraq. We conclude that international development cooperation may play an important role also in the field of high-technology medicine, and contribute to improved local centers capabilities through country to country scientific exchanges. The methodology to realize this project is innovative, since HSCT experts are brought as volunteers to the center(s) to be started, while traditionally it is the opposite, i.e. the local professionals to be trained are brought to the specialized center(s). PMID:28512560

  10. Substantive thoughts about substantive thoughts: a reply to Galin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, R

    2000-12-01

    In his commentary, David Galin raises several important issues that deserve to be addressed. In this response, I do three things. First, I briefly discuss the relation between the present work and the metaphoric theories of thought developed by cognitive lin- guists such as Lakoff and Johnson (1998). Second, I address some of the confusions that seem to have arisen about my use of the terms "substantive thought" and "nucleus." Third, I briefly discuss some of the directions that Galin suggests for further research. Copyright 2000 Academic Press.

  11. The System of Kemalist Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaşar ÖZÜÇETİN

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Kemalist Thought is an answer to find a real way/solution when the Turkish State faced to danger and also it is a belief system, an action program and a method to find a way to the daily matters.Kemalist Thought which open to science and reality meets the basic needs af a community is also a power source to take an inspiration for a nation. The Turkish reform ans its principals are complete each other. These principals form of a life of a state or a community ans its future identity.The aim of Kemalist thought is to reach and upgrade the Turkish republic to the modern level of the ciivilized countries. This is the “only one way” and this way is “Eastern Civilization”. The basic factor is “ Scientific and technologist thought”.Kemalist Principals are the Compass to show the right path to the Turkish nation.

  12. Language, Thought and Memory in Linguistic Performance, A Thought View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lado, Robert

    The contrasting views of Saussure and Bloomfield ("mentalist" versus "mechanist"), the hypotheses of Whorf showing the influence of language on certain habits of thought, and Chomsky's notion of generative transformational grammar in the context of language use are reviewed. The author notes the limits of these systems and suggests that in dealing…

  13. Flexibility in Language and Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasan, Mahesh

    2011-01-01

    Many words can be used flexibly: a book can be physically heavy, but also have provocative content, a "chicken" might live in a coop, but could also be tasty to eat. What do the uses of "polysemous" words such as these reveal about the structure of language and thought? Paper 1 examined 4-year-old children's representations of polysemous words…

  14. Evolutions of thought in economics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G.L.S. SHACKLE

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article briefly summarises the history of economic thought from Quesnay to 1920s-30s focusing on the pre-analytical vision and essential questions answered by economists at different times. It specifically draws the main ideas and themes that connect the classical tradition, based on the distribution of the surplus, with the Keynesian and Sraffian tradition.

  15. Language may indeed influence thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zlatev, Jordan; Blomberg, Johan

    2015-01-01

    We discuss four interconnected issues that we believe have hindered investigations into how language may affect thinking. These have had a tendency to reappear in the debate concerning linguistic relativity over the past decades, despite numerous empirical findings. The first is the claim that it is impossible to disentangle language from thought, making the question concerning "influence" pointless. The second is the argument that it is impossible to disentangle language from culture in general, and from social interaction in particular, so it is impossible to attribute any differences in the thought patterns of the members of different cultures to language per se. The third issue is the objection that methodological and empirical problems defeat all but the most trivial version of the thesis of linguistic influence: that language gives new factual information. The fourth is the assumption that since language can potentially influence thought from "not at all" to "completely," the possible forms of linguistic influence can be placed on a cline, and competing theories can be seen as debating the actual position on this cline. We analyze these claims and show that the first three do not constitute in-principle objections against the validity of the project of investigating linguistic influence on thought, and that the last one is not the best way to frame the empirical challenges at hand. While we do not argue for any specific theory or mechanism for linguistic influence on thought, our discussion and the reviewed literature show that such influence is clearly possible, and hence in need of further investigations.

  16. Aristotle's Aesthetic Thoughts in Tragedy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿利红

    2010-01-01

    @@ Aristotle is the greatest thinker and profound scholar in ancient Greece,who inherits the philosophy achievements of ancient Greece since Thales,especially the fruits of Plato'S thought.His inheritance takes criticism as the basis and innovation as the objective.Poetics has long been known as the foundation-laying work in the history of western literary theory among the most works of Aristotle.In Poetics,tragedy is focused by Aristotle.He attaches more importance to tragedy,analyzes its artistic features and elements to show its aesthetic significance and value.This is not simply to discuss the artistic technique but to discuss his aesthetic thoughts in tragedy.

  17. Psychiatric Thoughts in Ancient India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Abhyankar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of the literature regarding psychiatric thoughts in ancient India is attempted. Besides interesting reading, many of the concepts are still relevant and can be used in day-to-day practice especially towards healthy and happy living. Certain concepts are surprisingly contemporary and valid today. They can be used in psychotherapy and counselling and for promoting mental health. However, the description and classification of mental illness is not in tune with modern psychiatry.

  18. The Thought of Learning Art

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIAOTIAN

    2005-01-01

    For Young artist Wang Tiantian,creating significant work means everything,The canvases on which she strives to reproduce her thoughts and feeling,testify to the depth of her imagination.Her studio is filled with oil paints,skotchpads,silks and buttorfilos,all of which she uses to creats her artworks .She compares art to cooking ,believing that it doesn't matter what seasonings are used as long as the food tastes good.

  19. Descartes’s mathematical thought

    CERN Document Server

    Sasaki, Chikara

    2003-01-01

    Covering both the history of mathematics and of philosophy, Descartes's Mathematical Thought reconstructs the intellectual career of Descartes most comprehensively and originally in a global perspective including the history of early modern China and Japan. Especially, it shows what the concept of "mathesis universalis" meant before and during the period of Descartes and how it influenced the young Descartes. In fact, it was the most fundamental mathematical discipline during the seventeenth century, and for Descartes a key notion which may have led to his novel mathematics of algebraic analysis.

  20. Place and Role of Metaphors and Analogies in the Complex Thought and Conceptual Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoran Primorac

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper is on the role of complex thought in the development of thought and scientific knowledge. According to Vigotsky, the complex thought is the first phase in the ontogenesis and phylogenesis of human thought. It is in this sense pre-conceptual. Also, according to Vigotsky, the complex thought has its internal genesis which begins with associative complexes and ends in pseudo-concepts. Complex also an explanatory role in scientific thought. Complex thought ppears on all levels and stages of the development of scientific knowledge. Metaphors may appear in the complex thought as a dominant mode of thought or in the conceptual structure as the auxiliary in the explanation. Analogies present a certain structuration of the complex thought, which contributes to the creation of conceptual structure. The place of analogy is thus between a complex thought and conceptual thought.

  1. Methodological pitfalls of the Unconscious Thought paradigm

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waroquier, Laurent; Marchiori, David; Klein, Olivier; Cleeremans, Axel

    2009-01-01

    According to Unconscious Thought Theory (UTT: Dijksterhuis & Nordgren, 2006), complex decisions are best made after a period of distraction assumed to elicit "unconscious thought". Over three studies, respectively offering a conceptual, an identical and a methodologically improved replication of Dij

  2. Thought Patterns and English Teaching of Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Weining

    2015-01-01

    Because of the difference of geography , history, culture and humane studies of different countries , Chinese people and English -speaking people have dif-ferent thought patterns .In fact, the effect of differences between English and Chinese thought patterns on teaching English as a foreign language has drawn our in -creasing attention .This paper discusses the differences between Chinese thought pattern and English thought pattern , and provides some suggestion for English teach-ing of writing .

  3. Self-Compassion and Automatic Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akin, Ahmet

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this research is to examine the relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts. Participants were 299 university students. In this study, the Self-compassion Scale and the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire were used. The relationships between self-compassion and automatic thoughts were examined using correlation analysis…

  4. Psychopathology and thought suppression: a quantitative review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magee, Joshua C; Harden, K Paige; Teachman, Bethany A

    2012-04-01

    Recent theories of psychopathology have suggested that thought suppression intensifies the persistence of intrusive thoughts, and proposed that difficulty with thought suppression may differ between groups with and without psychopathology. The current meta-analytic review evaluates empirical evidence for difficulty with thought suppression as a function of the presence and specific type of psychopathology. Based on theoretical proposals from the psychopathology literature, diagnosed and analogue samples were expected to show greater recurrence of intrusive thoughts during thought suppression attempts than non-clinical samples. However, results showed no overall differences in the recurrence of thoughts due to thought suppression between groups with and without psychopathology. There was, nevertheless, variation in the recurrence of thoughts across different forms of psychopathology, including relatively less recurrence during thought suppression for samples with symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, compared to non-clinical samples. However, these differences were typically small and provided only mixed support for existing theories. Implications for cognitive theories of intrusive thoughts are discussed, including proposed mechanisms underlying thought suppression.

  5. Psychopathology and Thought Suppression: A Quantitative Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magee, Joshua C.; Harden, K. Paige; Teachman, Bethany A.

    2012-01-01

    Recent theories of psychopathology have suggested that thought suppression intensifies the persistence of intrusive thoughts, and proposed that difficulty with thought suppression may differ between groups with and without psychopathology. The current meta-analytic review evaluates empirical evidence for difficulty with thought suppression as a function of the presence and specific type of psychopathology. Based on theoretical proposals from the psychopathology literature, diagnosed and analogue samples were expected to show greater recurrence of intrusive thoughts during thought suppression attempts than non-clinical samples. However, results showed no overall differences in the recurrence of thoughts due to thought suppression between groups with and without psychopathology. There was, nevertheless, variation in the recurrence of thoughts across different forms of psychopathology, including relatively less recurrence during thought suppression for samples with symptoms of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, compared to non-clinical samples. However, these differences were typically small and provided only mixed support for existing theories. Implications for cognitive theories of intrusive thoughts are discussed, including proposed mechanisms underlying thought suppression. PMID:22388007

  6. Thought Experiments on Gravitational Forces

    CERN Document Server

    Lynden-Bell, Donald

    2013-01-01

    Large contributions to the near closure of the Universe and to the acceleration of its expansion are due to the gravitation of components of the stress-energy tensor other than its mass density. To familiarise astronomers with the gravitation of these components we conduct thought experiments on gravity, analogous to the real experiments that our forebears conducted on electricity. By analogy to the forces due to electric currents we investigate the gravitational forces due to the flows of momentum, angular momentum, and energy along a cylinder. Under tension the gravity of the cylinder decreases but the 'closure' of the 3-space around it increases. When the cylinder carries a torque the flow of angular momentum along it leads to a novel helical interpretation of Levi-Civita's external metric and a novel relativistic effect. Energy currents give gravomagnetic effects in which parallel currents repel and antiparallel currents attract, though such effects must be added to those of static gravity. The gravity of...

  7. Reflective thinking and medical students: some thoughtful distillations regarding John Dewey and Hannah Arendt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papadimos, Thomas J

    2009-04-16

    Reflective thought (critical thinking) is essential to the medical student who hopes to become an effective physician. John Dewey, one of America's foremost educators in the early twentieth century, revolutionized critical thinking and its role in education. In the mid twentieth century Hannah Arendt provided profound insights into the problem of diminishing human agency and political freedom. Taken together, Dewey's insight regarding reflective thought, and Arendt's view of action, speech, and power in the public realm, provide mentors and teachers of medical students guidance in the training of thought and the need for its effective projection at the patient's bedside and in the community.

  8. Reflective thinking and medical students: some thoughtful distillations regarding John Dewey and Hannah Arendt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Papadimos Thomas J

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Reflective thought (critical thinking is essential to the medical student who hopes to become an effective physician. John Dewey, one of America's foremost educators in the early twentieth century, revolutionized critical thinking and its role in education. In the mid twentieth century Hannah Arendt provided profound insights into the problem of diminishing human agency and political freedom. Taken together, Dewey's insight regarding reflective thought, and Arendt's view of action, speech, and power in the public realm, provide mentors and teachers of medical students guidance in the training of thought and the need for its effective projection at the patient's bedside and in the community.

  9. FacilitiesHospitals_HOSPITAL

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — This data layer contains point locations of all major community, regional, comprehensive health, and healthcare provider hospitals in the state of Vermont. The...

  10. Hospitals; hospitals13

    Data.gov (United States)

    University of Rhode Island Geospatial Extension Program — Hospital Facilities information was compiled from several various sources. Main source was the RI Department of Health Facilities Regulation database, License 2000....

  11. Language, thought, and real nouns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barner, David; Inagaki, Shunji; Li, Peggy

    2009-06-01

    We test the claim that acquiring a mass-count language, like English, causes speakers to think differently about entities in the world, relative to speakers of classifier languages like Japanese. We use three tasks to assess this claim: object-substance rating, quantity judgment, and word extension. Using the first two tasks, we present evidence that learning mass-count syntax has little effect on the interpretation of familiar nouns between Japanese and English, and that speakers of these languages do not divide up referents differently along an individuation continuum, as claimed in some previous reports [Gentner, D., & Boroditsky, L. (2001). Individuation, relativity, and early word learning. In M. Bowerman, & S. Levinson (Eds.), Language acquisition and conceptual development (pp. 215-256). Cambridge University Press]. Instead, we argue that previous cross-linguistic differences [Imai, M., & Gentner, D. (1997). A cross-linguistic study of early word meaning: Universal ontology and linguistic influence. Cognition, 62, 169-200] are attributable to "lexical statistics" [Gleitman, L., & Papafragou, A. (2005). Language and thought. In K. Holyoak, & R. Morrison (Eds.), Cambridge handbook of thinking and reasoning (pp. 633-661). Cambridge University Press]. Speakers of English are more likely to think that a novel ambiguous expression like "the blicket" refers to a kind of object (relative to speakers of Japanese) because speakers of English are likely to assume that "blicket" is a count noun rather than a mass noun, based on the relative frequency of each kind of word in English. This is confirmed by testing Mandarin-English bilinguals with a word extension task. We find that bilinguals tested in English with mass-count ambiguous syntax extend novel words like English monolinguals (and assume that a word like "blicket" refers to a kind of object). In contrast, bilinguals tested in Mandarin are significantly more likely to extend novel words by material. Thus, online

  12. Second-to-Last Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trimble, Virginia L.

    2016-06-01

    You can’t really prepare an abstract of a concluding-remarks talk, but having spent 19 years, 8 months as a full time student (Sept. 1948, Toluca Lake Grammar School kindergarten to April 1968 Caltech Ph.D.), most of the ensuing 48 years as a teacher, and about 51 years as some sort of astronomer, I find myself woefully ignorant of astronomy education and therefore well prepared to bring a fresh and vacant mind to the ideas presented by our colleagues here. Several thoughts, however, intrude. First, as Cecilia Payne Gaposchkin said, “a woman should do astronomy only if nothing else will satisfy her, for nothing else is what she will get.” Make that “person” and “science” and it still carries much truth. Second, it is better to be a professional astronomer and an amateur alto than the converse. And third, it is better to be a professional dentist and an amateur astronomer than the converse. This, I think, leaves room for all of us to work in areas that we find attractive and that we turn out to be reasonably good at. The latter is at least as important as the former. There is a great deal of pleasure to be found as a second-rate singer or artist, but not, I hope, as a lousy astronomer or teacher.

  13. ¿Entes de regulación o control? Imprecisiones del "moderno" esquema de regulación: reflexiones y enseñanzas del caso argentino Regulatory or control agencies? Impreciseness of the 'modern' regulation scheme: thoughts and teachings from the Argentine case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Nahón

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza las particularidades del "moderno" esquema de regulación de los servicios públicos de infraestructura, que se extendió a partir de los procesos de privatización del último cuarto del siglo XX. Diferenciándose de la arquitectura institucional vigente durante el período de prestación estatal (regulación "endógena", los entes reguladores emergen como el elemento neurálgico de este nuevo esquema. Sin embargo, como se desprende de la experiencia argentina, estos organismos han sido dotados de ambiguas atribuciones regulatorias e inapropiados diseños institucionales, quedando trunca su capacidad real de regulación. A raíz de la difusa delimitación de misiones y funciones e - incluso - frente a las imprecisiones teóricas en la materia, este artículo precisa el alcance de la intervención de los distintos actores del sistema de prestación y regulación: empresas prestadoras, entes reguladores, poderes del Estado (Ejecutivo y Legislativo y usuarios y consumidores. En este sentido, trabaja sobre los diseños institucionales más apropiados para que los entes desarrollen efectivas capacidades de regulación. El análisis se ejemplifica a partir de la experiencia privatizadora argentina - nacional y subnacional - en los servicios de agua potable y saneamiento y distribución de electricidad.This article analyzes the particularities of the public utilities 'modern' regulation scheme, which became predominant during the privatization processes of the last quarter of the twentieth century. In contrast with the institutional framework characteristic of the period of state provision ('endogenous' regulation, the regulatory agencies emerge as the neuralgic element of the new scheme. However, as the Argentine experience demonstrates, these organisms have been endowed with ambiguous regulatory capacities and inappropriate institutional frameworks, and therefore their actual regulatory capacity has been seriously damaged. As

  14. 75 FR 68799 - Medicare Program; Inpatient Hospital Deductible and Hospital and Extended Care Services...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-09

    ... Hospital Deductible and Hospital and Extended Care Services Coinsurance Amounts for CY 2011 AGENCY: Centers... inpatient hospital deductible and the hospital and extended care services coinsurance amounts for services... (c) $141.50 for the 21st through 100th day of extended care services in a skilled nursing facility...

  15. Healthcare @ the speed of thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochrane, J D

    1999-05-01

    It is daunting to realize that we have just touched the surface of health-related Internet web sites. The use of the Internet as a vital patient care tool is a very real prospect on the near horizon. Yet most hospital systems and physicians groups today just use the Net to post "billboards.'' In the rest of America, the Internet has been much more than a billboard. It has changed the way business is conducted. There's e-mail. There's e-trading for those who invest. On mother's day moms receive e-cards, and there is e-commerce which includes buying and selling online, and also collecting and organizing data that will help a business serve customers better, building that relationship. The Internet is a transaction tool. The latest survey indicates that the volume of commerce on the Net has grown 300% this year over last. According to a survey sponsored by Cisco Systems. Net sales volume accounts for $200 billion and is doubling every 6 months. And, the search for health information is among the top three reasons people use the web. The surveys indicate that people would like better communication with their physicians and most would like to communicate by e-mail. Yet, very few physicians are interested. As part of the research for this article we reviewed dozens of web sites for hospitals and medical groups. While some of these sites are attractive, most simply don't do anything more than provide maps and telephone numbers. People might as well look in the Yellow Pages for the information they can find on th web. Meanwhile, a number of well-funded health sites have sprung up just in the past few months. We searched the web to find sites that would actually allow people to interact in ways that went beyond just finding information. Clearly there is movement toward the ability to conduct transactions over the Net, i.e, patient monitoring, checking on status of claims, ask-a-doc, etc. But, we are just at the front end of this movement and physicians and hospitals have an

  16. Effect of Hospital Ownership on Outcomes of Heart Failure Hospitalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akintoye, Emmanuel; Briasoulis, Alexandros; Egbe, Alexander; Orhurhu, Vwaire; Ibrahim, Walid; Kumar, Kartik; Alliu, Samson; Nas, Hala; Levine, Diane; Weinberger, Jarrett

    2017-09-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the impact of hospital ownership on heart failure (HF) hospitalization outcomes in the United States using data from the National Inpatient Sample of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. Hospital ownership was classified into three, namely, nonfederal government, not-for-profit, and for-profit hospitals. Participants were adults hospitalized with a primary diagnosis of HF (2013 to 2014). End points included inpatient mortality, length-of-stay, cost and charge of hospitalization, and disposition at discharge. Of the estimated 1.9 million HF hospitalizations in the United States between 2013 and 2014, 73% were in not-for-profit hospitals, 15% were in for-profit hospitals, and 12% were in nonfederal government hospitals. Overall, mortality rate was 3%, mean length of stay was 5.3 days, median cost of hospitalization was USD 7,248, and median charge was USD 25,229, and among those who survived to hospital discharge, 51% had routine home discharge. There was no significant difference in inpatient mortality between hospital ownership among male patients, but there was a significant difference for female patients. Compared with government hospitals, mortality in female patients was lower in not-for-profit (odds ratio: 0.85 [95% confidence interval: 0.77 to 0.94]) and for-profit hospitals (odds ratio: 0.77 [0.68 to 0.87]). In addition, mean length of stay was highest in not-for-profit hospitals (5.4 days) and lowest in for-profit hospitals (5 days). Although cost of hospitalization was highest in not-for-profit hospitals (USD 7462) and lowest in for-profit hospitals (USD 6,290), total charge billed was highest in for-profit hospitals (USD 35,576) and lowest in government hospitals (USD 19,652). The average charge-to-cost ratio was 3:1 for government hospitals, 3.5:1 for not-for-profit hospitals, and 5.9:1 for for-profit hospitals. In conclusion, there exist significant disparities in HF hospitalization outcomes between hospital

  17. Mobile Marketing Applications of Travel Agencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Selim Selvi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the use of mobile devices in the marketing world is increasing parallel with technological advances. The main problem of this research is to determine agencies’ use of what type of mobile tools for what type of purposes in the marketing process. The aim of this research is to identify Mobile Marketing (MM applications used by group A travel agencies, and to describe the attitudes towards MM applications of agencies. According to related law, it is only group A agencies give all agency services. Therefore, it is thought that MM is more widely used by those agencies. Thus, this research was made only on the group A agencies. The population of study was consisted of 675 groups A agencies’ representatives deployed in the European and Asian sides of Istanbul. A questionnaire was used as data collection tool. Questionnaire form consisted of two parts. In the first part, questions concerning MM and in the second part, questions regarding demographic issues to managers and travel agents took place. The results were given as descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation on the tables. T-test and One Way ANOVA analysis were performed for the differences of mean among groups. In the study it was concluded that agencies use mobile phones mostly and mobile computers for increasing sales firstly and direct marketing. Thus, the main hypothesis established was confirmed partly.

  18. Mobile Marketing Applications of Travel Agencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Selim Selvi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the use of mobile devices in the marketing world is increasing parallel with technological advances. The main problem of this research is to determine agencies’ use of what type of mobile tools for what type of purposes in the marketing process. The aim of this research is to identify Mobile Marketing (MM applications used by group A travel agencies, and to describe the attitudes towards MM applications of agencies. According to related law, it is only group A agencies give all agency services. Therefore, it is thought that MM is more widely used by those agencies. Thus, this research was made only on the group A agencies. The population of study was consisted of 675 groups A agencies’ representatives deployed in the European and Asian sides of Istanbul. A questionnaire was used as data collection tool. Questionnaire form consisted of two parts. In the first part, questions concerning MM and in the second part, questions regarding demographic issues to managers and travel agents took place. The results were given as descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation on the tables. T-test and One Way ANOVA analysis were performed for the differences of mean among groups. In the study it was concluded that agencies use mobile phones mostly and mobile computers for increasing sales firstly and direct marketing. Thus, the main hypothesis established was confirmed partly.

  19. 对市级环保系统计算机网络安全策略及安全技术的若干思考%Some Thoughts on the Computer Network Security Tactics& Security Technology at the level of Municipal Environmental Protection Agencies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐淑彩

    2012-01-01

    with the development of computer technology and communications technology,computer network will permeate all areas of social life.Meanwhile,It'll become very important for us to recognize network vulnerabilities potential threats so as to take strong measures on security tactics for safeguarding the network security.According to the practical situations in daily work,this paper analyzes the network security to be posed a threat at the level of municipal environmental protection agencies and propose some common network security technology.%随着计算机技术和通信技术的发展,计算机网络将渗透到社会生活的各个领域。因此,认清网络的脆弱性和潜在威胁,采取强有力的安全策略,对于保障网络的安全性,将变得十分重要。文章结合在工作中常常遇到的一些实际情况,分析了市级环保部门网络安全受到的一些威胁,提出了常用的网络安全技术。

  20. Dying patients' thoughts of ending their lives: a pilot study of rural New Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birkholz, Gloria; Gibson, Joan McIver; Clements, Paul T

    2004-08-01

    Forty-nine hospice patients in rural New Mexico were directly interviewed concerning their thoughts about ending their lives. Thirty-one patients (63%) did not have thoughts of ending their lives, whereas 18 patients (37%) reported having suicidal thoughts. There were no differences between patients with and without thoughts of suicide related to gender; ethnicity; age; education; disease; religion; importance of religion; location of hospice agency; remaining financial, family, or spiritual issues; satisfaction with hospice care; sum of hospice personnel seen; or sum of medical equipment used. There were significant differences between patients with and without thoughts of suicide related to the number of household members (p = .02); the symptoms of trouble sleeping (p = .04) and nervousness (p =.03); and Medicare insurance coverage for hospice care (p =.01). No other symptom, including pain and hopelessness, was significant. Seven (39%) of the 18 patients who thought of ending their lives told someone about these thoughts. There were no variable differences between patients who did and did not tell someone about these thoughts.

  1. Hospital Compare

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Compare has information about the quality of care at over 4,000 Medicare-certified hospitals across the country. You can use Hospital Compare to find...

  2. HCAHPS - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospital ratings for the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital...

  3. THOUGHT IN THE ASPECT OF TRANSDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Chernikova

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Phenomenon of thought and its’ interpretations at the different cultural and historical stages are in focus of the paper. The research is aimed at reasoning of new interpretation of thought revealed as a result of cognitive science and convergent technologies transdisciplinary research.Transdisciplinary research of thought in cognitive science is achieved with the unity of method, which is the systemic-evolutionary approach.The research is based on thought analysis in philosophy, cognitive psychology, cognitive linguistics, artificial intelligence science, thus mainly on transdisciplinary research of thought in cognitive science.The paper represents the approach of cognitive science and NBIC (Nano-, Bio-, Information and Cognitive technologies implementing transdisciplinary research of thought and intelligence.It is shown that the transdisciplinary approach is based on new ontology, called holistic, and on nonclassical epistemology. Answering the raised question of the outcome of thought transdisciplinary research comparing to specifically scientific and philosophic, it is reasoned that cognitive science studies thought at the higher level of complexity, considering simultaneously several order parameters characterizing this complex nonlinear phenomenon.

  4. Truth matters: Normativity in thought and knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel DE PINEDO

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A proposal to account for the objectivity of thought and language in terms of identity between facts, meanings and contents is offered. Furthermore, their normativity is related to their world involving character. Both proposals are jointly quietist: they avoid philosophical theorizing that explains thought in terms of world or viceversa.

  5. Dystopian Reality, Utopian Thought and Educational Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papastephanou, Marianna

    2008-01-01

    The significance of utopian thought for education can be made evident through reconceptualizing utopia and approaching it alongside the notion of dystopia. Awareness of dystopian elements of reality radicalizes the kind of critique that assists utopian thought and makes engagement with it more pressing. Awareness of the lurking danger of future…

  6. Types and myths in Brazilian thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Octavio Ianni

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available "Ideal types" elaborated by different authors and that have become emblematic, notorious or even definitive, sometimes representing myths are quite frequent in Brazilian thought. That is the case of the bandeirantes (colonial crusaders, the gaúcho, Jeca Tatu, Macunaíma, cordial man and others. It is worth contemplating this aspect of Brazilian culture and thought.

  7. Oriental Philosophy and Thoreau's Thoughts in Walden

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玢诗

    2015-01-01

    It is necessary to have a general knowledge of the sources of Thoreau's thoughts before attempting to analyze his mode of life at Walden and his sharing of Chinese concept of nature in Walden. It is generally believed that Thoreau is indebted to Oriental philosophy which is the source of inspiration for his thoughts that he expressed in Walden and other works.

  8. Norovirus - hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gastroenteritis - norovirus; Colitis - norovirus; Hospital acquired infection - norovirus ... fluids ( dehydration ). Anyone can become infected with norovirus. Hospital patients who are very old, very young, or ...

  9. Home Health Care Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of all Home Health Agencies that have been registered with Medicare. The list includes addresses, phone numbers, and quality measure ratings for each agency.

  10. 78 FR 6819 - Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From The Connecticut Hospital Association...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Patient Safety Organizations: Voluntary Relinquishment From The Connecticut Hospital Association Federal Patient Safety Organization AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS. ACTION: Notice of delisting. SUMMARY: The Patient Safety...

  11. Associated Factors of Suicidal Thoughts in HIV-Positive Individuals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Dabaghzadeh

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available  Objective: As a first study, suicidal ideation and its correlates have been evaluated in Iranian HIV positive population .  Methods:One hundred and fifty HIV-positive individuals were recruited in this cross-sectional study. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS, Positive and Negative Suicide Ideation (PANSI, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Inventory (PSQI and Somatization subscale of Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL 90 as self- reported questionnaires were used to assess the patients’ anxiety and depression status, suicidal thoughts, sleep quality and physiological factors, respectively . Results:Antiretroviral therapy and efavirenz intake did not show any significant effects on the patients’ suicidal ideation. Anxiety (p<0.001, depression (p<0.001, poor physical activity (P<0.001 and sleep quality (p<0.001 were significantly associated with the patients’ negative suicidal ideation. From the patients’ demographic data, unemployment (p = 0.04, living alone (p = 0.01, and lack of family support (p = 0.01 were correlated with the patients’ negative suicidal thoughts . Conclusion:Although hospitals are the main referral centers for providing care for HIV-positive individuals in Tehran, Iran, conducting a multi-center study with sufficient sample size from different areas of our country that include individuals with different behaviors and cultures is essential to confirm the results of this study.

  12. Mediation vs. force: thoughts on female agency in Apollonius Rhodius' Argonautica Mediazione vs. forza: considerazioni sul ruolo femminile nelle Argonautiche di Apollonio Rodio Médiation vs. force : réflexions sur l'action féminine dans les Argonautiques d'Apollonios de Rhodes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatole Mori

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Cet article fait la proposition que l’influence culturelle de la reine ptolémaïque a probablement contribué à formuler à l’époque hellénistique une nouvelle « parole » féminine, y compris dans une poésie alexandrine composée par des hommes. Le sang-froid, la coopération et les autres « vertus argonautiques » sont ainsi manifestés par des figures de pouvoir aussi bien féminines que masculines. Dans le cas d’Héra, son intercession en faveur de ses héros préférés rappelle l’action de son homologue homérique, mais du fait de la marginalisation de Zeus le rôle d’Héra en tant qu’intercesseur (maternel n’est pas seulement mis davantage en évidence, mais également davantage célébré. En outre, la manière dont Héra exerce l’autorité à travers une série d’ordres indirects contraste favorablement avec le pouvoir puissant, ne comptant que sur lui-même, de Médée, d’Héraclès ou d’autres figures héroïques.This paper suggests that the cultural influence of the Ptolemaic queen likely contributed to the Hellenistic formulation of a new female “voice” even in male-authored Alexandrian poetry. Self-control, cooperation, and other “Argonautic virtues” are thus displayed both by female and male authority figures. In Hera’s case, her intercession on behalf of favorites recalls the agency of her Homeric counterpart, but with the marginalization of Zeus, Hera’s role as (maternal intercessor is not only placed in higher relief but also celebrated. Moreover, Hera’s exercise of authority through a mediated chain of command contrasts favorably with the self-reliant, forceful power of Medea, Heracles, and other heroic figures.Questo articolo suggerisce che l’influsso culturale della regina tolemaica probabilmente contribuì alla formulazione ellenistica di una nuova ‘voce’ femminile persino nella poesia alessandrina, dove predominano autori di sesso maschile. Autocontrollo, cooperazione e

  13. Undirected thought: neural determinants and correlates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christoff, Kalina

    2012-01-05

    While goal-directed thinking has received the lion's share of neuroscientific attention, its counterpart--the undirected thought flow that comes to mind unbidden and without effort--has remained largely on the sidelines of scientific research. Such undirected thought, however, forms a large part of our mental experience. The last decade of neuroscientific investigations marked a resurgence of interest and work into the neural basis of undirected thought. This article reviews the current status of the field and examines the research on the three most frequently discussed categories of undirected thought: spontaneous thought, stimulus-independent thought, and mind wandering. The terminology and paradigms for investigating undirected thought are still being developed, while research is gradually moving beyond strictly task- and rest-based paradigms and towards incorporating introspective first-person reports in order to better understand this phenomenon. It is impossible to say at this point that undirected thinking is preferentially linked to any one particular brain system. Although its connection to the default network has been disproportionately emphasized in the literature, other brain networks such as the executive system and the temporal lobe memory network appear to be equally involved. In addition to reviewing the literature, this article also presents novel findings regarding the functional connectivity between large-scale brain networks during mind wandering. These findings reveal the presence of positive functional connectivity between regions of the default and executive networks and negative functional connectivity between the default network and primary sensory cortices. Thus, the default and executive networks can closely cooperate in supporting undirected thought processes, and seem to do so at times when the primary sensory cortices are not busy with the processing of perceptual information from the external environment. This article is part of a

  14. Does unconscious thought outperform conscious thought on complex decisions? A further examination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todd J. Thorsteinson

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Two experiments examined the benefits of unconscious thought on complex decisions (Dijksterhuis, 2004. Experiment 1 attempted to replicate and extend past research by examining the effect of providing reasons prior to rating the options. Results indicated no significant differences between the conditions. Experiment 2 attempted to replicate the findings of Dijksterhuis, Bos, Nordgren, and van Baaren (2006 and determine if a memory aid could overcome the limitations of conscious thought on complex tasks. Results revealed that a memory aid improved decisions compared to the conscious thought condition. Participants in the unconscious thought condition did not perform significantly better than did participants in the conscious thought condition.

  15. Involuntary antipsychotic medication and freedom of thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mari Stenlund

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article I clarify the relationship between the use of involuntary antipsychotic medication and a delusionalperson’s freedom of thought in the light of three different views of freedom, namely, freedom as negative freedom,freedom as having an autonomous mind and freedom as capability. It is not clear how freedom of thought as a psychoticperson’s human right should be understood and protected in practice. Therefore, further discussion is needed. Thesedifferent ways of understanding a patient’s freedom of thought also encourages to consider individual situations, hearthe patient’s voice and work both multiprofessionally and across disciplines.

  16. Gifford Pinchot’s Thoughts on Conservation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guoxia; ZU

    2014-01-01

    Gifford Pinchot played a significant role in America’s first conversation movement. He put forward many conservation polices for American federal government. Pinchot’s thoughts on natural resources conservation have rich content. He realized the limitation of natural resources,so he advocated scientific management and governmental supervision on public land. He embedded conservation with moral significance and regarded conservation as an essential means of promoting social justice and international peace. The analysis on Pinchot’s thoughts on conversation can help people understand the development of American environmental thoughts in the 20thcentury and can also provide inspiration for natural resources protection in China.

  17. Technical Agency in Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krummheuer, Antonia Lina

    2015-01-01

    The paper combines the discussion of technical agency and hybrid networks of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) with an ethnomethodological/conversation analytical (EMCA) perspective on situated practices in which participants ascribe agency to technical artefacts. While ANT works with (ethnographic......) description of hybrid networks in which human and non-human actants are granted agency without differentiating different kinds of agency, EMCA focuses on the member's perspectives and the situated construction of technical agency that is made relevant within an ongoing interaction. Based on an EMCA analysis...... of three video recordings of situations in which technical agency is made relevant by the human participants, the paper demonstrates different ways in which agency is granted to technical artefacts. Human participants can treat a technology as communication partner, as an active part (and actant...

  18. Technical Agency in Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krummheuer, Antonia Lina

    2015-01-01

    ) description of hybrid networks in which human and non-human actants are granted agency without differentiating different kinds of agency, EMCA focuses on the member's perspectives and the situated construction of technical agency that is made relevant within an ongoing interaction. Based on an EMCA analysis......The paper combines the discussion of technical agency and hybrid networks of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) with an ethnomethodological/conversation analytical (EMCA) perspective on situated practices in which participants ascribe agency to technical artefacts. While ANT works with (ethnographic...... of three video recordings of situations in which technical agency is made relevant by the human participants, the paper demonstrates different ways in which agency is granted to technical artefacts. Human participants can treat a technology as communication partner, as an active part (and actant...

  19. Thought Suppression is Associated with Psychological Distress in Homebound Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petkus, Andrew J.; Gum, Amber; Wetherell, Julie Loebach

    2014-01-01

    Background Engaging in thought suppression as a coping mechanism has been associated with higher rates of anxiety and depressive disorders in younger adults. Homebound older adults are a population of elders experiencing poor health and high levels of depression and anxiety. It is unclear the extent to which psychological factors, such as thought suppression, are associated with distress, given that their health and disability status may be more salient. The aim of this study was to investigate thought suppression in relation to anxiety and depressive symptoms in homebound older adults. Methods Participants (N = 142) were clients of home-based case management services delivered by aging service agencies in Florida. Participants were administered a research interview that included the White Bear Suppression Inventory, Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Diagnosis (SCID), Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18), and Modified Mini-Mental Status Examination (3MS). Case managers provided standard assessments containing functional and health status of the participant. Results After controlling for physical health and cognitive functioning, thought suppression was significantly associated with higher likelihood of clinically significant somatic, depressive, and anxiety symptoms on the BSI-18. Thought suppression was also associated with meeting criteria for a SCID depressive or adjustment disorder. Engaging in thought suppression was associated with worse mental health in this sample of homebound older adults even after taking into account physical health, disability, and cognitive functioning. Conclusions These findings suggest the need to develop and test interventions that may address thought suppression as a coping mechanism. PMID:22170756

  20. Quantum Thought Experiments Can Define Nature

    CERN Document Server

    McCartor, D

    2004-01-01

    One would not think that thought experiments could matter to nature, for they are a humble human device. Yet quantum mechanics very naturally frames thought experiments (as distinct from precisely defining what exists). They exemplify the informing powers of radiation. Though based on wave functions that have time symmetry, these tableaux inevitably tell of irreversible behavior by nature. The paper sketches how John von Neumann's measurement theory fits into this and retells N. David Mermin's baseball story.

  1. 健康教育管理对住院患者自我护理能力的干预研究%Intervention Study on the Self-Care Agency of Hospital Patients by Health Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向英; 刘俊秀; 廖静; 豆丽; 谭琼瑛; 王艳英; 王群

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨健康教育管理对住院患者自我护理能力提升效果。方法选择2014年4月~12月在四川省仁寿县中鑫医院住院治疗的住院患者200例,作为研究对象;分别接受健康教育管理和常规护理,在干预前、后对患者的自我护理能力进行综合评价。结果干预前健康教育管理组与常规护理组患者在自我护理能力总分及各个维度上得分之间均无统计学差异(均>0.05)。健康教育管理组患者干预后的自我护理能力总分及各维度得分均高于干预前,差异有统计学意义(均0.05)。结论健康教育管理有利于提高患者的自我护理能力,健康教育管理措施值得推广。%Objective To evaluate the ef ect of health education on improving the self care ability of hospital patients. Methods Choose hospital patients from April 2014 to December 2014 at Renshou City Zhongxin Hospital as the object, after 3 months of health education, to assess the self care ability of the patients. Results Patients of health education group and the conventional health education group showed no dif erences in demographic characteristics ( ﹥0.05). The path of the intervention group patients health education of self nursing ability score and each dimension scores were higher than those before intervention, the dif erence was statistical y significant ( <0.05); and patients with conventional health education group between before and after the intervention of the self nursing ability of total score and the score of each dimension had no obvious change, no significant dif erence ( ﹥0.05). Conclusion Health education is conducive to improve the self nursing ability of the patients, the path of health education measures worthy of promotion.

  2. 健康教育管理对住院患者自我护理能力的干预研究%Intervention Study on the Self-Care Agency of Hospital Patients by Health Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    向英; 刘俊秀; 廖静; 豆丽; 谭琼瑛; 王艳英; 王群

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨健康教育管理对住院患者自我护理能力提升效果。方法选择2014年4月~12月在四川省仁寿县中鑫医院住院治疗的住院患者200例,作为研究对象;分别接受健康教育管理和常规护理,在干预前、后对患者的自我护理能力进行综合评价。结果干预前健康教育管理组与常规护理组患者在自我护理能力总分及各个维度上得分之间均无统计学差异(均>0.05)。健康教育管理组患者干预后的自我护理能力总分及各维度得分均高于干预前,差异有统计学意义(均0.05)。结论健康教育管理有利于提高患者的自我护理能力,健康教育管理措施值得推广。%Objective To evaluate the effect of health education on improving the self care ability of hospital patients. Methods Choose hospital patients from April 2014 to December 2014 at Renshou City Zhongxin Hospital as the object, after 3 months of health education, to assess the self care ability of the patients. Results Patients of health education group and the conventional health education group showed no differences in demographic characteristics ( >0.05). The path of the intervention group patients health education of self nursing ability score and each dimension scores were higher than those before intervention, the difference was statistically significant (all 0.05). Conclusion Health education is conducive to improve the self nursing ability of the patients, the path of health education measures worthy of promotion.

  3. Technical Agency in Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krummheuer, Antonia Lina

    2015-01-01

    ) description of hybrid networks in which human and non-human actants are granted agency without differentiating different kinds of agency, EMCA focuses on the member's perspectives and the situated construction of technical agency that is made relevant within an ongoing interaction. Based on an EMCA analysis...... of three video recordings of situations in which technical agency is made relevant by the human participants, the paper demonstrates different ways in which agency is granted to technical artefacts. Human participants can treat a technology as communication partner, as an active part (and actant...... in which the human participants orient towards the artefact in different ways; thereby, the construction of technical agency can shift from moment to moment....

  4. 78 FR 46338 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-31

    ...) Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture Comparative Database.'' In accordance with the Paperwork... Information for Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality's (AHRQ) Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture... Hospital SOPS Comparative Database consists of data from the AHRQ Hospital Survey on Patient Safety...

  5. Non-erotic thoughts and sexual functioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Purdon, Christine; Watson, Chris

    2011-10-01

    This study sought to replicate and extend investigations of current models of sexual dysfunction (Barlow, 2002; Janssen, Everaerd, Spiering, & Janssen, 2000) which implicate factors such as spectatoring, failure to use ameliorative strategies, and information processing biases in the development and persistence of sexual difficulties. A sample of 165 (n = 71 men) undergraduates completed measures of sexual dysfunction and relationship satisfaction, and reported on the content and frequency of non-erotic thoughts during sex with a partner (i.e., spectatoring), the emotional impact of non-erotic thoughts, and the strategies used to manage them. They also reported on their main sexual functioning difficulties and the strategies they used to manage those difficulties. Finally, participants were presented with a series of hypothetical sexual scenarios and were asked to report their immediate interpretation of events in the scenario. The content of non-erotic thoughts was similar to previous work (Purdon & Holdaway, 2006), although gender differences in thought content were less pronounced. As in previous research, greater frequency of, and anxiety evoked by, non-erotic thoughts was associated with poorer sexual functioning, but we found that this was over and above relationship satisfaction. Participants both high and low in sexual functioning reported using a variety of strategies to manage their non-erotic thoughts, thought suppression being the least effective, and also used a variety of strategies to manage sexual difficulties. Poorer sexual functioning was associated with more negative interpretations of ambiguous sexual scenarios, but this was mediated by relationship satisfaction. However, positive interpretations were predicted by sexual functioning. Results were discussed in terms of their theoretical and clinical implications.

  6. Thought insertion, cognitivism, and inner space.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Tim

    2002-08-01

    Whatever its underlying causes, even the description of the phenomenon of thought insertion, of the content of the delusion, presents difficulty. It may seem that the best hope of a description comes from a broadly cognitivist approach to the mind which construes content-laden mental states as internal mental representations within what is literally an inner space: the space of the brain or nervous system. Such an approach objectifies thoughts in a way which might seem to hold out the prospect of describing the ''alienated'' relation to one's own thoughts that seems to be present in thought insertion.1 Firstly, I examine the general structure of cognitivist accounts of intentional or content-laden mental states. I raise the general difficulty of explaining how free-standing, and thus world-independent, inner states can still have bearing on the outer world. Secondly, I briefly examine Frith's model for explaining thought insertion and other passivity phenomena by postulating a failure of an internal monitoring mechanism of inner states. I question what account can be given of non-pathological cases and raise two specific objects. Cognitivist accounts of the mind face a general, and possibly insuperable, challenge: explaining the intentionality of mental states in non-intentional, nonquestion-begging terms. There have so far been no satisfactory solutions. Cognitivist accounts of passivity phenomena in terms of a failure of internal monitoring face two objections. Firstly, accounting for non-pathological cases generates an infinite regress. Secondly, no account can be given of the paradoxical nature of utterances of the form of Moore's paradox: ''it is raining but I do not believe it''. A cognitivist approach presents an alienated account of thought in normal, non-pathological cases and is no help in accounting for thought insertion.

  7. hospital's perspective

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cost effectiveness of autologous blood transfusion - A developing country hospital's ... 4Military Hospital, Lagos. Summary. An autologous blood donation program was set up at. National .... risk of infection for autologous patients was 5.06.

  8. Autonomy of State Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle; Niklasson, Birgitta; Roness, Paul

    NPM-doctrines states that ideal-type agencies should have a high level of managerial autonomy, while being controlled through result-based control instruments, like performance contracts. In this article, the authors present a first preliminary attempt to comparatively analyze the autonomy of state...... agencies in four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. By using survey data from more than 500 state agencies in the four countries, the article analyses whether there is indeed a Scandinavian style of autonomy and result control and assesses which structural, cultural, and environmental...... variables might explain similarities and differences in the autonomy of agencies....

  9. Staff Acquisition -- Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Job vacancy and organizational information from customer agencies sufficient to provide requested services: examining, strategic staffing, recruitment and branding,...

  10. 77 FR 7124 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders; Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders; Public Meeting... (APHIS) is soliciting feedback from our stakeholders in several areas having to do with our partnerships... modernization initiatives and to provide an opportunity for stakeholders to share their thoughts on...

  11. Hospitality within hospital meals –

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2016-01-01

    Hospital meals and their role in nutritional care have been studied primarily from a life and natural science perspective. This article takes a different approach and explores the idea of hospitality inspired by Jacques Derrida’s work on the ontology of hospitality. By drawing on ethnographic...... fieldwork in a Danish hospital, hospitality practices were studied using a socio-material assemblage approach. The study showed that rethinking the meal event could change the wards into temporary “pop-up-restaurants,” transcending the hospital context and providing a scene for shifting host...... and management involved in hospital food service and in nutritional care to work more systematically with the environment for improved hospital meal experiences in the future...

  12. The sense of agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritterband-Rosenbaum, Anina

    investigate the sense of agency. The central aspect of the thesis work was to understand if brain lesioned children, diagnosed with hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy (CP), have an altered sense of agency, and if this different experience has an influence on the feeling of control of their movements and their actual...

  13. A thought experiment reconciling neuroscience and psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falissard, Bruno

    2011-12-01

    Thought experiments have a long tradition in science. The thought experiment proposed in this article designs a brain that is compatible with a conceptual framework that integrates neuroscience and psychoanalysis. A connectionist model with emergent collective computational abilities is modified progressively and gradually to retrieve concepts such as the following: life instinct, the death instinct, the conscious, the preconscious, the unconscious, the free-association method, parapraxis, repetitive compulsion, repression, self, other, and "I". In this model, the process of memorisation is represented by a neural network with deep depressions, the bottoms of which correspond to learned configurations known as "attractors". This thought experiment could be helpful in suggesting new formulations of traditional psychoanalytic and neuroscientific constructs.

  14. Survey serves up food for thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baillie, Jonathan

    2011-09-01

    An independent survey into hospital food standards in England conducted earlier this year for the Soil Association saw over half of those patients surveyed admit they would not be happy serving the meals they received during a recent hospital stay to a child, while 29% said the food was so bad that, at times, they could not recognise what was on their plate. Nearly of quarter of the 1,000 indviduals questioned by OnePoll, meanwhile, had opted out of hospital catering altogether--choosing to have every meal brought in to them by visiting relatives; nor, the Soil Association says, is enough English hospital food being locally or sustainably sourced.

  15. On Epistemic Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlström, Kristoffer

    Every time we act in an effort to attain our epistemic goals, we express our epistemic agency. The present study argues that a proper understanding of the actions and goals relevant to expressions of such agency can be used to make ameliorative recommendations about how the ways in which we...... about epistemic value, the only goal relevant to inquiry is that of forming true belief; and that our dual tendency for bias and overconfidence gives us reason to implement epistemically paternalistic practices that constrain our freedom to exercise agency in substantial ways. In other words, when...... actually express our agency can be brought in line with how we should express our agency. More specifically, it is argued that the actions relevant to such expressions should be identified with the variety of actions characteristic of inquiry; that contrary to what has been maintained by recent pluralists...

  16. On Epistemic Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlström, Kristoffer

    Every time we act in an effort to attain our epistemic goals, we express our epistemic agency. The present study argues that a proper understanding of the actions and goals relevant to expressions of such agency can be used to make ameliorative recommendations about how the ways in which we...... actually express our agency can be brought in line with how we should express our agency. More specifically, it is argued that the actions relevant to such expressions should be identified with the variety of actions characteristic of inquiry; that contrary to what has been maintained by recent pluralists...... about epistemic value, the only goal relevant to inquiry is that of forming true belief; and that our dual tendency for bias and overconfidence gives us reason to implement epistemically paternalistic practices that constrain our freedom to exercise agency in substantial ways. In other words, when...

  17. Elective affinities and economic thought: 1870-1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Antônio de Paula

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to demonstrate that the concept of "elective affinities" can be applied to the relations between economic thought, literature, and philosophy. Emphasis is given to Institutionalist thought, the German historical school, and neoclassical thought.

  18. Context and Content: From Language to Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FRANCOIS RECANATI

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I present an overview of my research in the philosophy of language in mind over more than tmrty years, from my early work on speech act theory to my current work on mental files. The unifying theme is context-dependence, both in language and thought. I distinguish several varieties of context-dependence and, along the way, provide tentative accounts of various phenomena: performative utterances, indexicals, modulation (metonymy and loose talk, free enrichment), de se thought, the content of experiential states, and immunity to error through misidentification.

  19. THOMAS BERNHARD: DESTROYED THOUGHT AND REVIVED SUBJECT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helano Jader Ribeiro

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to set a discussion about the book of Austrian writer Thomas Bernhard, Extinction, with regard to the legacy of the Nazi destruction of thought. The closing speech that Thomas Bernhard could also be read as an extinction of thought on behalf of a silence typical of those who survived and / or worked in concentration camps. Much has been written about Auschwitz, but the need to continue with all kinds of questions ethical, political or legal is an obligation of humanity itself.

  20. Thoughts of Quitting General Surgery Residency: Factors in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ginther, David Nathan; Dattani, Sheev; Miller, Sarah; Hayes, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Attrition rates in general surgery training are higher than other surgical disciplines. We sought to determine the prevalence with which Canadian general surgery residents consider leaving their training and the contributing factors. An anonymous survey was administered to all general surgery residents in Canada. Responses from residents who considered leaving their training were assessed for importance of contributing factors. The study was conducted at the Royal University Hospital, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, a tertiary academic center. The response rate was approximately 34.0%. A minority (32.0%) reported very seriously or somewhat seriously considering leaving their training, whereas 35.2% casually considered doing so. Poor work-life balance in residency (38.9%) was the single-most important factor, whereas concern about future unemployment (16.7%) and poor future quality of life (15.7%) were next. Enjoyment of work (41.7%) was the most frequent mitigating factor. Harassment and intimidation were reported factors in 16.7%. On analysis, only intention to practice in a nonacademic setting approached significant association with thoughts of leaving (odds ratio = 1.92, CI = 0.99-3.74, p = 0.052). There was no association with sex, program, postgraduate year, relationship status, or subspecialty interest. There was a nonsignificant trend toward more thoughts of leaving with older age. Canadian general surgery residents appear less likely to seriously consider quitting than their American counterparts. Poor work-life balance in residency, fear of future unemployment, and anticipated poor future quality of life are significant contributors to thoughts of quitting. Efforts to educate prospective residents about the reality of the surgical lifestyle, and to assist residents in securing employment, may improve completion rates. Copyright © 2016 Association of Program Directors in Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Mapping the Brain’s Metaphor Circuitry:Is Abstract Thought Metaphorical Thought?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George eLakoff

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available An overview of the basics of metaphorical thought and language from the perspective of Neurocognition, the integrated interdisciplinary study of how conceptual thought and language work in the brain. The paper outlines a theory of metaphor circuitry and discusses how everyday reason makes use of embodied metaphor circuitry.

  2. Structural determinants of hospital closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longo, D R; Chase, G A

    1984-05-01

    In a retrospective case-control study, structural characteristics of hospitals that closed during the years 1976-1980 were contrasted with three comparison groups: hospitals that were acquired in a merger; hospitals that joined a multihospital system; and hospitals that remained autonomously opened, to investigate these characteristics as predictors of closure. Characteristics investigated included environmental, structural, and process variables. The independent variables were measured 5 years prior to outcome. Findings indicate that closed hospitals resemble hospitals acquired in a merger ("failure"), and likewise autonomous hospitals resemble hospitals that join a multihospital system ("success"). The most important predictors of hospital failure were the physician-to-population ratio, the East North Central and West North Central census regions, the level of diversification, low occupancy rate, location in a standard metropolitan statistical area, the chief executive officer's lack of affiliation in the American College of Hospital Administrators, profit status, bed size of less than 50, and presence in a state with a rate-setting agency. Surprisingly, this study shows the bed-to-population ratio to be unrelated to closure. In addition, the findings strongly support the open-system perspective, which, unlike the closed-system perspective, is concerned with the vulnerability of the organization to the uncontrollable and often unpredictable influences of the environment.

  3. Suicidal Thoughts Among Medical Residents with Burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, Frank; Dillingh, Gea; Bakker, Arnold; Prins, Jelle

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: Recent research showed that medical residents have a high risk for developing burnout. The present study investigates the prevalence of burnout and its relationship with suicidal thoughts among medical residents. Methods: All Dutch medical residents (n = 5126) received a self-report ques

  4. The Correlations between Language, Culture and Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹忠凯

    2015-01-01

    With the purpose of having a better understanding,this article discusses the correlations between language, culture and thought as well their interactions. They not only correlate but also are different social phenomena. They are dependent and mutu⁃ally influenced with Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis as its main points.

  5. Christian Economic Thought in The Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I.P. van Staveren (Irene)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractAbstract. This paper is not about Dutch Christian political economy. Instead, it focuses on some recent writings of Dutch Christian economists. The objective of the paper is to get an idea of how economic thought in the Netherlands – particularly about the market – is influenced by Chri

  6. Thoughts on the Literature Review and GT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thoughts on the Literature Review and GT

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Thinking about epistemic questions always reminds me of Socrates’ cave allegory. In Plato’s most famous book,The Republic, Socrates talks to a young follower named Glaucon. I would like to include here a short excerpt of their conversation and discuss how this relates to my thoughts about preceding a classic GT study with a thorough literature review.

  7. Suicidal Thoughts Among Medical Residents with Burnout

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Heijden, Frank; Dillingh, Gea; Bakker, Arnold; Prins, Jelle

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: Recent research showed that medical residents have a high risk for developing burnout. The present study investigates the prevalence of burnout and its relationship with suicidal thoughts among medical residents. Methods: All Dutch medical residents (n = 5126) received a self-report

  8. Disciplines in the Service of Educational Thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winchester, Ian

    1999-01-01

    Suggests that the 20th century has been the century of the application of disciplines - philosophy, psychology, history, sociology, statistics, cognitive science, and computer science - to educational thought on an unprecedented scale. The same disciplines, in the service of the study of women by women, have led to a whole new complex of thought…

  9. Hospitality Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Ionel

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Development of accommodation, as basic services offered to tourists, led to the creation of a genuine hospitality industry. Currently, the hospitality industry is no longer just the accommodation service itself but also requires an atmosphere that ensures leisure tourists in the hotel. Thus, hospitable unit manager offers its service in addition to accommodation and catering services, leisure services, treatment services, business services required.. The existence of factors such as revenue growth, increasing leisure time, the development of transport services, the emergence of new tourist attractions have caused increasing international flows of tourists, with consequent development of units hospitable, and therefore a strong hospitality industry. In Romania, after 1990, the tourism sector experienced a true expansion, both through the development of the hotel sector, but also by developing rural hospitality units.

  10. God put a thought into my mind: the charismatic Christian experience of receiving communications from God.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dein, Simon; Cook, Christopher C H

    2015-02-07

    The agentive aspects of communicative religious experiences remain somewhat neglected in the social sciences literature. There is a need for phenomenological descriptions of these experiences and the ways in which they differ from culturally defined psychopathological states. In this semi-structured interview study, eight congregants attending an evangelical church in London were asked to describe their experiences of God communicating with them. Communications from God were related to current events rather than to the prediction of future events. These communications were received as thoughts and do not generally reveal metaphysical insights, but rather they relate to the mundane world. They provided direction, consolation and empowerment in the lives of those receiving them. Individuals recounted that on occasion God sometimes speaks audibly, or accompanied by supernatural phenomena, but in the vast majority of cases, the way God speaks is through thoughts or impressions. In all instances, agency is maintained, individuals can choose to obey the thoughts/voices or not. The findings are discussed in relation to externalisation of agency and the phenomenon of thought insertion in schizophrenia.

  11. Agency problems of global budget system in Taiwan's National Health Insurance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Yu-Hua; Yang, Chen-Wei; Fang, Shih-Chieh

    2014-05-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the agency problem presented by the global budget system followed by hospitals in Taiwan. In this study, we examine empirically the interaction between the principal: Bureau of National Health Insurance (BNHI) and agency: medical service providers (hospitals); we also describe actual medical service provider and hospital governance conditions from a agency theory perspective. This study identified a positive correlation between aversion to agency hazard (self-interest behavior, asymmetric information, and risk hedging) and agency problem risks (disregard of medical ethics, pursuit of extra-contract profit, disregard of professionalism, and cost orientation). Agency costs refer to BNHI auditing and monitoring expenditures used to prevent hospitals from deviating from NHI policy goals. This study also found agency costs negatively moderate the relationship between agency hazards and agency problems The main contribution of this study is its use of agency theory to clarify agency problems and several potential factors caused by the NHI system. This study also contributes to the field of health policy study by clarifying the nature and importance of agency problems in the health care sector.

  12. Uncertainty, rationality, and agency

    CERN Document Server

    Hoek, Wiebe van der

    2006-01-01

    Goes across 'classical' borderlines of disciplinesUnifies logic, game theory, and epistemics and studies them in an agent-settingCombines classical and novel approaches to uncertainty, rationality, and agency

  13. State Agency Administrative Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This database comprises 28 State agency boundaries and point of contact. The Kansas Geological Survey collected legal descriptions of the boundaries for various...

  14. Supernatural agency and forgiveness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nieuwboer, W.; Schie, H.T. van; Karremans, J.C.T.M.; Wigboldus, D.H.J.

    2015-01-01

    The present research examined the hypothesis that supernatural agency attributions underlie the relation between religion and forgiveness. In two experiments a priming procedure was used to make religious concepts temporarily more salient. In Experiment 1, a religion prime marginally enhanced

  15. The EURATOM Supply Agency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lightner, J.

    1989-11-01

    With the coming liberalization of trade and industry within the European Community (EC) and a more centrally-coordinated EC external trade policy, it is timely to ask if in the 1990s there will be any significant changes in the commercial relations between the EC and non-EC companies trading in nuclear fuel. The key vehicle for implementing any change of policy would probably be the European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM) Supply Agency in Brussels, which is charged under the EURATOM Treaty with overseeing the equitable supply of nuclear fuel to and among EC companies. The EURATOM Supply Agency (the Agency) is a signatory to almost all EC-company contracts for transactions that occur on the territory of the Community, which includes Belgium, Denmark, France, the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG), Great Britain, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain. During the 1980s, the Supply Agency has rarely tried to influence the commercial decisions of EC member companies. The nuclear fuel industry has largely perceived the Agency as an administrative office that registers contracts and maintains relations with some outside governments, particularly Australia, Canada, and the USA. However, in 1988 the Agency began to have a more direct commercial impact when it reviewed the practice-previously conducted routinely by the EURATOM Safeguards Directorate in Luxembourg at the request of EC-member companies-of swapping safeguards obligations on equivalent quantities of uranium at different locations (flag swapping). The Agency`s actions inhibiting flag swaps, as well as a related de facto policy restricting material swaps of Southern African uranium, caused it to be viewed as obstructive by some EC companies. During 1989 the discussion about flag swaps and swaps involving South African and Namibian uranium has subsided, and a far-reaching discussion has arisen about EC trade policy in general.

  16. Complications - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications - provider data. This data set includes provider data for the hip/knee complication measure, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)...

  17. 国家卫生计生委预算管理医院完善财务内控机制的实践、成效及其思考%Practice, effectiveness and thoughts on financial internal control mechanism in NHFPC delivered hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戈昕; 应亚珍

    2015-01-01

    通过总结国家卫生计生委预算管理医院加强财务内控的具体做法,阐述了其在推进制度建设、培养人才队伍、防范财务风险等方面所取得的成效,进而从健全公立医院监督评价机制、加大内部控制培训力度、提高财务信息化水平等方面提出目前国家卫生计生委预算管理医院在财务内控方面存在的问题及对策建议.%Based on summarizing the practice of finance internal control of NHFPC delivered hospitals, the effectiveness are discussed in aspects of institutional building, human resources training and finance risk prevention. Problems and suggestions such as completing public hospital inspection and assessment mechanism, strengthening internal control training and promoting finance information system are analyzed.

  18. HCA Richmond Hospitals' new marketing strategy a winning plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rees, Tom

    2003-01-01

    HCA Richmond Hospitals, a five-hospital system in Richmond, Va., is positioning itself as a winner in a highly competitive, healthcare-saturated market since overhauling is marketing strategy a little over a year ago. The marketing strategy enables individual hospital to target their own unique constituencies. "Understanding the intricate marketing dynamics of hospital systems is today of critical importance and equal complexity," said Tony Bejamin, principal of Oxygen Advertising Inc., New York, the agency that remodeled HCA Richmond Hospitals' marketing strategy.

  19. A Comparison of Chinese and English Thought Patterns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱敏

    2011-01-01

    Thought pattern,is a habit or the program of thinking.When people solve problems,they may prefer one to another owing to the different thought patterns they hold.It is necessary to know the main difference between Chinese and English thought patterns for English learners.1 Synthetic thought vs.analytic thought Chinese people carry out synthetic pattern of thought that each element in the universe is related and integrated.While westerners implement a pattern of thought that divides an integrate object into many parts.

  20. Methodological pitfalls of the Unconscious Thought paradigm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Marchiori

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available According to Unconscious Thought Theory (UTT: Dijksterhuis and Nordgren, 2006, complex decisions are best made after a period of distraction assumed to elicit ``unconscious thought''. Over three studies, respectively offering a conceptual, an identical and a methodologically improved replication of Dijksterhuis et al. (2006, we reassessed UTT's predictions and dissected the decision task used to demonstrate these predictions. We failed to find any evidence for the benefits of unconscious decision-making. By contrast, we found some evidence that conscious deliberation can lead to better decisions. Further, we identified methodological weaknesses in the UTT decision task: (a attributes weighting was neglected although attributes were seen as different in importance; (b the material was not properly counterbalanced; and (c there was some confusion in the experimental instructions. We propose methodological improvements that address these concerns.

  1. Thought-evoking approaches in engineering problems

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    In creating the value-added product in not distant future, it is necessary and inevitable to establish a holistic and though-evoking approach to the engineering problem, which should be at least associated with the inter-disciplinary knowledge and thought processes across the whole engineering spheres. It is furthermore desirable to integrate it with trans-disciplinary aspects ranging from manufacturing culture, through liberal-arts engineering, and industrial sociology.   The thought-evoking approach can be exemplified and typified by representative engineering problems: unveiling essential features in ‘Tangential Force Ratio and Interface Pressure’, prototype development for ‘Bio-mimetic Needle’ and application of ‘Water-jet Machining to Artificial Hip Joint’, product innovation in ‘Heat Sink for Computer’, application of ‘Graph Theory’ to similarity evaluation of production systems, leverage among reciprocity attributes in ‘Industrial and Engineering Designs for Machine Enclosure’,...

  2. Memory impairment in older adults’ diversionary thoughts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fátima eAlves

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The diversion paradigm was created in the context of explaining the effect of the instruction to forget some recently encoded material in the list-method of the directed forgetting paradigm. The current study of healthy older adults employed the diversion paradigm with two main goals: to determine whether thinking about an autobiographical memory interferes with the recall of recently encoded information and to explore whether the degree of forgetting depends on the temporal distance created by the diversionary thought. Ninety non-institutionalized Portuguese older adults (47 females and 43 males, aged 65 to 69 years, with education levels of between 3 and 6 years participated in this study. The exclusion criteria were as follows: presence of depressive symptomatology (assessed with the Geriatric Depression Scale-30 and global cognitive deterioration (assessed with the Mini–Mental State Examination. Concerning the diversion paradigm, one group was instructed to think about an autobiographical event (remembering one’s childhood home or the last party that one had attended after studying one word list (List 1 and before viewing the second word list (List 2. After a brief distraction task, the participant had to recall the words from both of the studied lists. In the control group, the procedure was the same, but the diversionary thought was substituted by a speed reading task. The obtained results showed the amnesic effect of diversionary thought but did not show a greater degree of forgetting when the autobiographical events in the diversionary thoughts were temporally more distant. Considering the practical implications of these results, this study alerts us to the importance of promoting strategies that enable older adults to better remember important information and effectively forget irrelevant information.

  3. Language as an instrument of thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eran Asoulin

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available I show that there are good arguments and evidence to boot that support the language as an instrument of thought hypothesis. The underlying mechanisms of language, comprising of expressions structured hierarchically and recursively, provide a perspective (in the form of a conceptual structure on the world, for it is only via language that certain perspectives are available to us and to our thought processes. These mechanisms provide us with a uniquely human way of thinking and talking about the world that is different to the sort of thinking we share with other animals. If the primary function of language were communication then one would expect that the underlying mechanisms of language will be structured in a way that favours successful communication. I show that not only is this not the case, but that the underlying mechanisms of language are in fact structured in a way to maximise computational efficiency, even if it means causing communicative problems. Moreover, I discuss evidence from comparative, neuropathological, developmental, and neuroscientific evidence that supports the claim that language is an instrument of thought.

  4. Relationship between Language,Culture and Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹红梅

    2015-01-01

    It has long been realized that language is of great importance to culture and that the impact of culture upon a given language is indispensible.One claim about the relationship between language and culture is that the structure of a particular language influences the habitual thought of its speakers.Today,the claim is referred to as the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis,which is composed of two versions.The strong version,also known as linguistic determinism,states that language patterns determine speaker’s thinking.The weak version,also known as linguistic relativity,implies that language do really influence thought but doesn’t determine it completely.This paper tries to give a brief introduction to the hypothesis,illustrate some experiments used to test the theory and state some arguments against the strong version of the hypothesis.Although the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis doesn’t offer the most reasonable explanation of the nature of the relationship between language,culture and thought,it is still influential in the development of linguistic science.

  5. The Importance of Thought Patterns in English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao; Weining

    2014-01-01

    In English teaching,during the communication,students arrange languages to express their ides according to their own thought patterns and they could understand other people’s language simultaneously to form a kind of thought pattern similar to other people’s thought patterns. This paper compares English thought pattern with Chinese thought pattern,and provides some suggestion for English teaching of syntax and translation.

  6. 77 FR 31010 - Proposed CERCLA Agreement for Recovery of Past Response Costs; Piqua Hospital Site

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-24

    ... Recovery of Past Response Costs; Piqua Hospital Site AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency. ACTION... Piqua Hospital Site (Site ID Number B5RB) in Piqua, Ohio with the following settling parties: Hospdela... reference the Piqua Hospital Site in Piqua, Ohio and EPA Docket No. V-W-09-C-922 and should be addressed to...

  7. Exploring the characteristics of nursing agencies in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olojede, Omolola I; Rispel, Laetitia C

    2015-01-01

    Nursing agencies are temporary employment service providers or labour brokers that supply nurses to health establishments. This study was conducted to determine the characteristics of nursing agencies and their relationship with clients in the health sector. During 2011, a cross-sectional national survey of 106 nursing agencies was conducted. After obtaining informed consent, telephone interviews were conducted with a representative of the selected nursing agency using a pretested structured questionnaire. Questions focused on the following: ownership, date of establishment, province of operation, distribution of clients across private and public health facilities; existence of a code of conduct; nature of the contractual relationship between nursing agencies and their clients, and numbers and cadres of nurses contracted. The survey data were analysed using STATA(®) 12. Fifty-two nursing agencies participated in the survey, representing a 49% response rate. The study found that 32 nursing agencies (62%) served private-sector clients only, which included private hospitals, homes for elderly people, patients in private homes, and private industry/company clinics, and only four (8%) of the agencies served the public sector only. Twenty-seven percent of nursing agencies provided services to homes for elderly individuals. Nursing agencies were more likely to have contracts with private-sector clients (84%) than with public-sector clients (16%) (p = 0.04). Although 98% of nursing agencies reported that they had a code of conduct, the proportion was higher for private-sector clients (73%) compared to public-sector clients (27%). In terms of quality checks and monitoring, 81% of agencies agreed with a statement that they checked the nursing council registration of nurses, 82% agreed with a statement that they requested certified copies of a nurse's qualifications. Only 21% indicated that they conducted reference checks of nurses with their past employers. Nursing agencies

  8. Hospital Inspections

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Welcome to hospitalinspections.org, a website run by the Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ) that aims to make federal hospital inspection reports easier...

  9. Hospital Inspections

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Welcome to hospitalinspections.org, a website run by the Association of Health Care Journalists (AHCJ) that aims to make federal hospital inspection reports easier...

  10. Hospital marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Tony

    2003-01-01

    This article looks at a prescribed academic framework for various criteria that serve as a checklist for marketing performance that can be applied to hospital marketing organizations. These guidelines are drawn from some of Dr. Noel Capon of Columbia University's book Marketing Management in the 21st Century and applied to actual practices of hospital marketing organizations. In many ways this checklist can act as a "marketing" balanced scorecard to verify performance effectiveness and develop opportunities for innovation.

  11. Malnutrition in cardiac surgery: food for thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chermesh, Irit; Hajos, Jonathan; Mashiach, Tatiana; Bozhko, Masha; Shani, Liran; Nir, Rony-Reuven; Bolotin, Gil

    2014-04-01

    Undernourished patients treated in general surgery departments suffer from prolonged and complicated hospitalizations, and higher mortality rates compared with well nourished patients. Pivotal information regarding patients' nutritional status and its effect on clinical outcome is lacking for cardiac surgery patients. We investigated the prevalence of malnutrition risk and its association with 30-day hospital mortality and postoperative complications. Four hundred and three patients who underwent cardiac surgery during 2008 and were screened with the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) on admission were enrolled. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses compared the association of high and low risk for malnutrition with length of hospitalization (LOS), in-hospital and 30-day mortality, and postoperative complications. Almost 20% of the patients were found to be at high risk for malnutrition. Univariate analyses revealed higher in-hospital mortality rates (p = 0.03) and greater incidence of LOS and antibiotic treatment longer than 21 days (p = 0.002 and p = 0.04, respectively), vasopressor treatment longer than 11 days (p = 0.02), and positive blood cultures (p = 0.02) in patients belonging to the high-risk MUST group. Incorporation of the MUST in a multivariate model with the European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) significantly improved postoperative complications prediction, as well as in-hospital and 30-day mortality, compared with the EuroSCORE alone. Malnutrition is prevalent in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, associated with higher postoperative mortality and morbidity. Preoperative MUST screening has emerged as highly relevant for enabling early diagnosis of patients at malnutrition risk, predicting postoperative mortality and morbidity, thus promoting well timed treatment. Prospective studies are needed to explore whether intervention can decrease malnutrition risk.

  12. Thoughts on the "new nursing shortage".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunn, I P

    2000-08-01

    The nursing shortage is a frequently recurring phenomena in the United States and in many developed countries worldwide. It is time that serious consideration be given to the necessary changes that are essential for supplying an adequate nursing force worldwide. This article compares the late 1980s nursing shortage in the United States with the current one and finds that many of the same causes are prevalent. These causes stem from the gender-based history of modern nursing and the cultural- and professional-based problems that nursing has had great difficulty changing and are discussed in this article. The decentralization of health care has also created greater demand for nurses. The nursing component of a hospital's budget representing its largest component has also been targeted by hospital administrations and ownership as a source for supporting other departments or functions at the expense of nursing personnel. Finally, the vast opportunities that have opened up to women since the Civil Rights Act in the 1960s and today's booming economy and high-technology environments make nursing much less attractive and competitive in today's market. Also, the managed care movement has significantly contributed to problems of nursing. Nursing educators have also found that the 3 levels of nursing education has confused today's high school graduates, leading to their rejection of nursing as a career. Thus, efforts are underway in nursing education to correct this problem--one that is beginning to be corrected through role differentiation that is now seen in many hospitals, but most prevalent in so-called "magnet" hospitals. Investigators have done much research--first in distinguishing the difference between magnet and nonmagnet hospitals, and now, regarding patient outcomes from those hospitals. These can lead to the efforts of nursing to come to grips with multiple entry points for a single licensure. However, the problems associated with the barriers to practice

  13. Death and dignity in Catholic Christian thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sulmasy, Daniel P

    2016-02-08

    This article traces the history of the concept of dignity in Western thought, arguing that it became a formal Catholic theological concept only in the late nineteenth century. Three uses of the word are distinguished: intrinsic, attributed, and inflorescent dignity, of which, it is argued, the intrinsic conception is foundational. The moral norms associated with respect for intrinsic dignity are discussed briefly. The scriptural and theological bases for adopting the concept of dignity as a Christian idea are elucidated. The article concludes by discussing the relevance of this concept of dignity to the spiritual and ethical care of the dying.

  14. GAO Jian's Theoretical Thoughts in Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    区沛仪

    2016-01-01

    As an experienced translator and theorist, GAO Jian has translated numerous English works into Chinese and pub-lished a series of theoretical thoughts concerning the most fundamental problems in translation studies. He has formed a unique style in translation and proposed some theoretical concepts with great expertise. Gao represents the translators'spirit of the time. His theories are highly comprehensive and pragmatic. His discussion of translatability of style, relativity and the Language Characteristics Theory reflect the academic thinking among translators in China, which inspires many young translators and the-orists.

  15. Agency in Tarot

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elias, Camelia

    2011-01-01

    This essay looks at the cross between archetypal images and symbolic language as expressed in the iconography of tarot cards ranging from the Renaissance period to the turn of the 20th century. It is also an example of how the idea of agency can be both analyzed and applied simultaneously...

  16. Sequential Common Agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prat, A.; Rustichini, A.

    1998-01-01

    In a common agency game a set of principals promises monetary transfers to an agent which depend on the action he will take. The agent then chooses the action, and is paid the corresponding transfers. Principals announce their transfers simultaneously. This game has many equilibria; Bernheim and Whi

  17. Anselm's logic of agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. Uckelman

    2009-01-01

    The origins of treating agency as a modal concept go back at least to the 11th century when Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, provided a modal explication of the Latin facere ‘to do’, which can be formalized within the context of modern modal logic and neighborhood semantics. The agentive logic indu

  18. Youth Media and Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauge, Chelsey

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses how capacity is conceived of and understood in youth media/civic education programming, and how beliefs about agency, development, relationality and youth manifests in the discourses, programmes, and practices of organizations operating youth media programmes. Through attention to a youth media and development programme in…

  19. The Agency of Event

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicholas, Paul; Tamke, Martin; Riiber, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the notion of agency within event-based models. We present an event-based modeling approach that links interdependent generative, analytic and decision making sub-models within a system of exchange. Two case study projects demonstrate the underlying modeling concepts...

  20. Strengthening Career Human Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Charles P.

    2006-01-01

    Rooted in A. Bandura's (1982, 2001b) social cognitive theory, the notion of human agency has received considerable attention in vocational and career psychology for the last 2 decades, especially with the recent emergence of social constructivist thinking in the field. This article continues in the same direction. In reviewing the notion of human…

  1. The Agency of Event

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicholas, Paul; Tamke, Martin; Riiber, Jacob

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the notion of agency within event-based models. We present an event-based modeling approach that links interdependent generative, analytic and decision making sub-models within a system of exchange. Two case study projects demonstrate the underlying modeling concepts and metho...

  2. Measuring Negative and Positive Thoughts in Children: An Adaptation of the Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hogendoorn, Sanne M; Wolters, Lidewij H; Vervoort, Leentje; Prins, Pier J M; Boer, Frits; Kooij, Emelie; de Haan, Else

    2010-10-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children's Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents. However, positive thoughts also play a major role in childhood disorders such as anxiety and depression. Therefore, positive self-statements were added to the CATS. The CATS-N/P was administered to a community sample of 554 children aged 8-18 years. The results of a confirmatory factor analysis revealed that the positive self-statements formed a separate and psychometrically sound factor. Internal and short-term test-retest reliability was good. Boys reported more hostile and positive thoughts than girls; and younger children reported more negative thoughts concerning physical threat, social threat, and failure than older children. In conclusion, the results of the current study support the use of the CATS-N/P for the measurement of positive and negative thoughts in children. The application of the CATS-N/P can facilitate further research on cognitive factors in different childhood disorders.

  3. Measuring distributed leadership agency in a hospital context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønsson, Thomas; Unterrainer, Christine; Jeppesen, Hans Jeppe

    2016-01-01

    , discriminant and convergent validity, and ANOVAs were applied to analyze group differences in DLA. Findings: The identified uni-dimensional questionnaire consists of seven items, as it is different from, but associated with, empowering leadership, organizational influence, attitude to participation and trust...... in management. As theoretically predicted, DLA is positively related to self-efficacy, job-satisfaction and innovative behaviour. Chief physicians, permanent employees and employee representatives scored higher on the scale than the rest of their respective counterparts. Practice implications: The survey offers...

  4. Measuring distributed leadership agency in a hospital context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønsson, Thomas; Unterrainer, Christine; Jeppesen, Hans Jeppe;

    2016-01-01

    in management. As theoretically predicted, DLA is positively related to self-efficacy, job-satisfaction and innovative behaviour. Chief physicians, permanent employees and employee representatives scored higher on the scale than the rest of their respective counterparts. Practice implications: The survey offers...

  5. Cancer patients and positive sensory impressions in the hospital environment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Timmermann, Connie; Uhrenfeldt, Lisbeth; Birkelund, Regner

    2013-01-01

    This study explores how cancer patients experience the meaning of positive sensory impressions in the hospital environment such as architecture, decoration and the interior. Data were obtained at a general hospital in Denmark by interviewing six cancer patients at two different wards. The analysi...... sensory impressions and the opportunity for recreation through environmental facilities strengthen the patient's positive thoughts and feelings....... process was guided by the hermeneutical–phenomenological theory of interpretation as presented by the French philosopher Paul Ricoeur. Two main themes were identified: to preserve identity and positive thoughts and feelings. The participants experienced that positive sensory impressions in the hospital...... environment had a significant impact on their mood, generating positive thoughts and feelings. A view to nature also helped them to forget their negative thoughts for a while. The possibility of having a view helped some cancer patients to connect with good memories and personal life stories that enabled them...

  6. [A study of Hashida Kunihiko's thought: the life history and thought of an "outcast thinker"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katsui, Keiko

    2010-12-01

    Hashida Kunihiko, described and known as "an Outcast Thinker", was born in Tottori, in 1882. From his young age, he was taught oriental thought by his father Fujita Kenzo, a practitioner of Kampo medicine. While Hashida taught physiology as a faculty member at the Imperial University of Tokyo, he studied Dogen's Zen philosophy and developed his original philosophy of science to answer the question: "What is Life/Living?". After taking the oath of office as the 56th education minister of Japan from 1940 to 1943, he committed suicide in 1945, taking the responsibility for his policy-making of nationalistic education at time of the Second World War. Some previous studies on Hashida have focused on various aspects such as his work as a physiologist, a scientist, a scholar of Zen philosophy, and an educrat. He may be well known in each of these different disciplines, whereas how these different aspects are integrated in Hashida's thought as a whole has not been clarified yet. Taking the propositions in those previous studies on him into account to totally understand Hashida as a thinker, this note will focus on the potential perspective for his undiscovered aspect: "Hashida as Medical Philosopher". Hashida has perused and loved two classical texts on oriental thought and oriental medicine, which are "Chuan Xi Lu" and "Shang Han Lun", during his lifetime and learned many things about "Medicine". He has tried to implement his philosophy of medicine to set up and maturate "Japanese medicine". Hence, to dissert "Hashida as Medical Philosopher" may become a ground for argument to understand his thought as a whole from the genetic perspective on the process of thought formation of Hashida. Therefore this note can be characterized as a preliminary survey to develop the further studies on Hashida's thought.

  7. The Flight of Thought: Two Types of Thought in Wittgenstein's Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shlomy Mualem

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The essay claims that in Wittgenstein's Tractatus there are two types of thought: 'Gedanke' and 'subspecieaeternitatis'. Gedanke, being a logical picture, corresponds to a possible state of affairs, and to facts in the world. It pertains to the interior scope of the limit of language, and to what can be said. Subspecieaeternitatis is a mode of thought that observes its objects 'from outside', and thus perceives each object as a limited-whole or as a world. It pertains to the exterior scope of the limit of language, and thus relates to the sphere of transcendent values, denoting what can only be shown.

  8. Horton Revisited: African Traditional Thought and Western Science ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Horton Revisited: African Traditional Thought and Western Science. ... he refers to as the 'continuity thesis' according to which there are theoretical similarities between African traditional thought and modern Western science. ... Article Metrics.

  9. Enhancing BATTLEMIND: Preventing PTSD by Coping with Intrusive Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    replace it right away. This thought replacing skill is especially good to use late at night if you are having trouble sleeping . But, you will need to...then this is a good skill for you to practice with at home so that you can learn to be decent toward yourself. When you spend your time and energy...about intrusive thoughts ◦ CONTROL: traditional CBT skills for coping ◦ RESET: Mindfulness-based skills for coping Thoughts on intrusive thoughts

  10. Agency, time, and causality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Widlok, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Cognitive Scientists interested in causal cognition increasingly search for evidence from non-Western Educational Industrial Rich Democratic people but find only very few cross-cultural studies that specifically target causal cognition. This article suggests how information about causality can be retrieved from ethnographic monographs, specifically from ethnographies that discuss agency and concepts of time. Many apparent cultural differences with regard to causal cognition dissolve when cultural extensions of agency and personhood to non-humans are taken into account. At the same time considerable variability remains when we include notions of time, linearity and sequence. The article focuses on ethnographic case studies from Africa but provides a more general perspective on the role of ethnography in research on the diversity and universality of causal cognition.

  11. Research as relational agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasse, Cathrine

    2017-01-01

    Studying the impact of educational technologies ‘in the wild’ put new demands on researchers than when researchers are conducting experiments in a laboratory. When researchers work within institutional boundaries they cannot take for granted that all members engaged in institutional work share...... technologies like iPads are not just educational tools helping teachers teach as books, blackboards and chalk. They are forceful agents with an agency tied to the fact that they are also persuasive signs of innovation and thus preferred by managers over more traditional means. The article discuss how...... the same conception of material artefacts, which are non-human in the sense that they are not just material but agentic and persuasive like humans. Local conceptualisations of artefacts must be explored as the researchers develop relational agency with the different local people involved. New educational...

  12. Agency, time and causality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas eWidlok

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive Scientists interested in causal cognition increasingly search for evidence from non-WEIRD people but find only very few cross-cultural studies that specifically target causal cognition. This article suggests how information about causality can be retrieved from ethnographic monographs, specifically from ethnographies that discuss agency and concepts of time. Many apparent cultural differences with regard to causal cognition dissolve when cultural extensions of agency and personhood to non-humans are taken into account. At the same time considerable variability remains when we include notions of time, linearity and sequence. The article focuses on ethnographic case studies from Africa but provides a more general perspective on the role of ethnography in research on the diversity and universality of causal cognition.

  13. A Tentative Study on the Relationship between Thought and Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵寒

    2016-01-01

    The relationship between language and thought has long been a fundamental problem for language theorists. This paper makes a brief review of the major arguments concerning the relationship between language and thought and it is found that thought and language can be separated while possessing co-influence between each other.

  14. A Developmental Investigation of Relativistic and Dialectical Thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Deirdre A.

    Post-formal operational thought is characterized by both relativism and dialecticism. To examine age differences across adulthood in relativistic and dialectical thought, and to determine whether formal operations are necessary but not sufficient for these forms of thought, 20 young (mean age, 19.6), 20 middle aged (mean age, 46.2), and 20 older…

  15. The Necessity of Fostering Students' Creative Thoughts in English Teoching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马燕芳

    2005-01-01

    Fostering students' creative thoughts is a reflection of quality-oriented education. It is just to meet the needs of social development. Creative thought in teaching highlights students' ability of independent thinking of how to find,analyze and solve the problem. This paper points out the necessity of fostering students' creative thoughts in English teaching and its method.

  16. Italian super-eruption larger than thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schultz, Colin

    2012-07-01

    Recent research suggested that the super-eruption of the Campi Flegrei caldera volcano in southern Italy about 40,000 years ago may have played a part in wiping out, or forcing the migration of, the Neanderthal and modern human populations in the eastern Mediterranean regions that were covered in ash. Now a new modeling study by Costa et al. suggests that this eruption may have been even larger than previously thought. This Campi Flegrei eruption produced a widespread ash layer known as Campanian Ignimbrite (CI). Using ash thickness measurements collected at 115 sites and a three-dimensional ash dispersal model, the researchers found that the CI super-eruption would have spread 250-300 cubic kilometers of ash across a 3.7-million-square kilometer region—2 to 3 times previous ash volume estimates.

  17. RETHINKING THE ANIMATE, RE-ANIMATING THOUGHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Ingold

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Animism is often described as the imputation of life to inert objects. Such imputation is more typical of people in western societies who dream of finding life on other planets than of indigenous peoples to whom the label of animism has classically been applied. These peoples are united not in their beliefs but in a way of being that is alive and open to a world in continuous birth. In this animic ontology, beings do not propel themselves across a ready-made world but rather issue forth through a world-in-formation, along the lines of their relationships. To its inhabitants this weather-world, embracing both sky and earth, is a source of astonishment but not surprise. Re-animating the ‘western’ tradition of thought means recovering the sense of astonishment banished from offi cial science.

  18. Media Influences on Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pirkis, Jane E; Mok, Katherine; Robinson, Jo

    2016-01-01

    . The recent proliferation of pro-suicide websites has led to concerns that contagion effects may operate in newer media like the Internet, particularly with the advent of Web 2.0. There are numerous suicide prevention websites, which include educational, interactive, and social networking content. A body......This chapter explores the influence of the media on suicidal thoughts and behaviors. Until recently, the vast majority of studies in this area were concerned with traditional forms of media like newspapers and television and looked at the potential for irresponsible reporting of suicide to lead...... to copycat acts. Particular subgroups in the population, especially those with depression, may be especially vulnerable to engaging in imitative suicidal behaviors. The World Health Organization and the International Association for Suicide Prevention have also developed a set of international guidelines...

  19. Propagation of Microwaves Thought Atmospheric Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Kocifaj

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Wireless microwave systems tend to have high availability figures, but at the expense of the ability to operate at higher data rates. A quality of free space communication depends on atmospheric conditions. It is shown that microwave attenuation reacts sensitively on changes of changes of hydrometeor size distribution. However, a signal transmission is also significantly affected by both, refractive index and shape of hydrometeors. Non-spherical particles attenuate radiation at frequencies higher than about 200 GHz more effectively than volume equivalent spheres. On the other hand, the non-spherical ice phase hydrometeors form weakly attenuating media at v < 150 GHz. The quality of microwave signal transmission thought icy cloud is therefore much better as when the communication path is realized through rainy atmosphere (the particle sizes are assumed to be the same in both cases.

  20. First thoughts on MD priorities for 2012

    CERN Document Server

    Zimmermann, F; Assmann, R

    2012-01-01

    In 2012, 22 days of beam time will be allocated for LHC MDs. In this paper, after recalling the 2011 LHC MD experience, the MD rrequests for 2012 are reviewed. Three primary MD themes for 2012 can be identified: 1)pushing performance in 2012, 2)preparing for 2014/15, and 3)towards maximum luminosity. Example topics include emittance growth in collision or enhanced satellites for theme 1), 25 ns operation for 2), and ATS optics for 3). Structures lists of MD requests and topics for each theme as well as some initial thoughts on the MD priorities are presented. For certain topics, "start-of-fill MDs" are proposed in order to most efficiently use of the available beam time.

  1. Can Medical Diagnosis Benefit from "Unconscious Thought"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolley, Amanda; Kostopoulou, Olga; Delaney, Brendan C

    2016-05-01

    The unconscious thought theory argues that making complex decisions after a period of distraction can lead to better decision quality than deciding either immediately or after conscious deliberation. Two studies have tested this unconscious thought effect (UTE) in clinical diagnosis with conflicting results. The studies used different methodologies and had methodological weaknesses. We attempted to replicate the UTE in medical diagnosis by providing favorable conditions for the effect while maintaining ecological validity. Family physicians (N= 116) diagnosed 3 complex cases in 1 of 3 thinking modes: immediate, unconscious (UT), and conscious (CT). Cases were divided into short sentences, which were presented briefly and sequentially on computer. After each case presentation, the immediate response group gave a diagnosis, the UT group performed a 2-back distraction task for 3 min before giving a diagnosis, and the CT group could take as long as necessary before giving a diagnosis. We found no differences in diagnostic accuracy between groups (P= 0.95). The CT group took a median of 7 s to diagnose, which suggests that physicians were able to diagnose "online," as information was being presented. The lack of a difference between the immediate and UT groups suggests that the distraction had no additional effect on performance. To assess the decisiveness of the evidence of this null result, we computed a Bayes factor (BF01) for the 2 comparisons of interest. We found a BF01of 5.76 for the UT versus immediate comparison and of 3.61 for the UT versus CT comparison. Both BFs provide substantial evidence in favor of the null hypothesis: physicians' diagnoses made after distraction are no better than diagnoses made either immediately or after self-paced deliberation.

  2. The effects of thoughts of survival and thoughts of death on recall in the adaptive memory paradigm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Stanley B

    2014-01-01

    In a recent paper Hart and Burns (2012) presented evidence that conditions that prime thoughts of one's mortality benefit recall. Drawing on the conceptual relation between thoughts of death and thoughts of survival, Hart and Burns interpret their findings as suggestive of the possibility that death-related thoughts function in manner similar to survival-related thoughts in enhancing recall. In the present study I draw on evolutionary arguments to question whether a conceptual relation between thoughts of death and thoughts of survival translates into a functional relation. I then present data showing that while death-related thoughts can promote high levels of recall, (a) the level achieved does not match that produced by survival processing and (b) survival and death cognition likely rely on different mechanisms to achieve their effects.

  3. Academic Hospitality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phipps, Alison; Barnett, Ronald

    2007-01-01

    Academic hospitality is a feature of academic life. It takes many forms. It takes material form in the hosting of academics giving papers. It takes epistemological form in the welcome of new ideas. It takes linguistic form in the translation of academic work into other languages, and it takes touristic form through the welcome and generosity with…

  4. Hospitality Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    College of the Canyons, Valencia, CA.

    A project was conducted at College of the Canyons (Valencia, California) to initiate a new 2-year hospitality program with career options in hotel or restaurant management. A mail and telephone survey of area employers in the restaurant and hotel field demonstrated a need for, interest in, and willingness to provide internships for such a program.…

  5. The Publication Ranking Score for pediatric urology: quantifying thought leadership within the subspecialty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lloyd, Jessica C; Madden-Fuentes, Ramiro J; Nelson, Caleb P; Kokorowski, Paul J; Wiener, John S; Ross, Sherry S; Kutikov, Alexander; Routh, Jonathan C

    2013-12-01

    Clinical care parameters are frequently assessed by national ranking systems. However, these rankings do little to comment on institutions' academic contributions. The Publication Ranking Score (PRS) was developed to allow for objective comparisons of scientific thought-leadership at various pediatric urology institutions. Faculty lists were compiled for each of the US News & World Report (USNWR) top-50 pediatric urology hospitals. A list of all faculty publications (2006-2011) was then compiled, after adjusting for journal impact factor, and summed to derive a Publication Ranking Score (PRS). PRS rankings were then compared to the USNWR pediatric urology top-50 hospital list. A total of 1811 publications were indexed. PRS rankings resulted in a mean change in rank of 12 positions, compared to USNWR ranks. Of the top-10 USNWR hospitals, only 4 were ranked in the top-10 by the PRS. There was little correlation between the USNWR and PRS ranks for either top-10 (r = 0.42, p = 0.23) or top-50 (r = 0.48, p = 0.0004) hospitals. PRS institutional ranking differs significantly from the USNWR top-50 hospital list in pediatric urology. While not a replacement, we believe the PRS to be a useful adjunct to the USNWR rankings of pediatric urology hospitals. Copyright © 2013 Journal of Pediatric Urology Company. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Unnoticed intrusions: dissociations of meta-consciousness in thought suppression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baird, Benjamin; Smallwood, Jonathan; Fishman, Daniel J F; Mrazek, Michael D; Schooler, Jonathan W

    2013-09-01

    The current research investigates the interaction between thought suppression and individuals' explicit awareness of their thoughts. Participants in three experiments attempted to suppress thoughts of a prior romantic relationship and their success at doing so was measured using a combination of self-catching and experience-sampling. In addition to thoughts that individuals spontaneously noticed, individuals were frequently caught engaging in thoughts of their previous partner at experience-sampling probes. Furthermore, probe-caught thoughts were: (i) associated with stronger decoupling of attention from the environment, (ii) more likely to occur under cognitive load, (iii) more frequent for individuals with a desire to reconcile, and (iv) associated with individual differences in the tendency to suppress thoughts. Together, these data suggest that individuals can lack meta-awareness that they have begun to think about a topic they are attempting to suppress, providing novel insight into the cognitive processes that are involved in attempting to control undesired mental states.

  7. Family therapy in the hospital treatment of children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hyland, P S

    1990-01-01

    Psychiatric hospitalization is sometimes necessary for seriously symptomatic or out-of-control children and adolescents. In the past, individual therapists, hospital therapists, and family therapists thought that family therapy and individual hospital treatment could not be combined effectively. Today, however, family involvement, participation, and therapy are considered essential components of short-term and extended hospital treatment for young people. The author presents Bowen family systems theory as a basis for informed family therapy in a psychiatric hospital setting. Bowen therapy with patients and close family members elicits significant information, reduces tension, expands options, and facilitates solutions for young patients and their families.

  8. Agency, Context and Meaning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Folkmann, Mads Nygaard

    2014-01-01

    history, 2) the question of context in and of design, i.e. which contexts give meaning to design; this question calls for interpretive models of cultural analysis of the circuit of design in acknowledging phases and aspects of production, mediation and consumption, and 3) the question of the meaning...... of meaning formulation and cultural contexts and, by this, contest design. In reflecting the foundational ground of design in terms of its agency, contexts and meaning constituents, design and its questioning of meaning can be critically reframed....

  9. The Market for Hospital Medicine in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hostenkamp, Gisela

    2012-01-01

    increases and use summary statistics to compare market performance in both sectors. The market for hospital medicine is more concentrated than the pharmaceutical retail sector and the share of generics and parallel imported products is significantly lower. Between 2005 and 2009 expenditures for hospital...... for hospital medicines and their procurement are still poorly understood. The present paper characterises the market for hospital medicines in Denmark in terms of its organisation and developments between 2005 and 2009. In Denmark hospital medicines are publicly financed and procurement is centrally organised....... 98% of all medicines administered at Danish public hospitals are purchased through a public procurement agency by means of public tenders. Using data on actual contract prices we decompose pharmaceutical expenditure growth into the contributions from newly introduced medicines, price and volume...

  10. 78 FR 42088 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection: Public Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-15

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection Activities... communications materials, facilitating the sharing of best practices, leveraging the influence of national... allows hospitals to list additional activities will help to identify best practices that can be shared...

  11. 78 FR 59941 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission to OMB for Review and Approval; Public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Health Resources and Services Administration Agency Information Collection Activities... best practices, leveraging the influence of national associations and organizations related to... identify best practices that can be shared with all hospital partners on monthly webinars. Likely...

  12. 42 CFR 440.20 - Outpatient hospital services and rural health clinic services.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Definitions § 440.20 Outpatient hospital services and rural health clinic services. (a) Outpatient hospital... agency may exclude from the definition of “outpatient hospital services” those types of items and... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Outpatient hospital services and rural health...

  13. Design and Thoughts at the Margin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhlis Türkmen

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available The latest spatial renovations in Mimar Sinan University bring forth some thoughts and reminiscences about the social and architectural history of the institution. The Cemile and Zekiye Sultan Palaces today constituting the main buildings of the University were built in 1860. The former building which was used in its original form until the fire in 1948 was given to the Academy of Fine Arts in 1926. Professors Sedad Hakkı Eldem and Mehmet Ali Handan prepared new renovation projects modernizing the original architectural concept for the Cemile Sultan Palace after the fire and for the Zekiye Sultan Palace after it was given to the Academy in 1970. Although they were plain and colorless compared to their original states, the buildings now had spacious, luminous interiors, which allowed light and air to show in. The buildings preserved their original spatial configurations until the voids and courtyards were built over in order to provide space for new studios and offices. The current problem of space that the University needs may be resolved by the allocation of new buildings and by limiting the number of students accepted each year.

  14. Two heretical thoughts on fusion and climate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manheimer, Wallace

    2016-10-01

    This presents and explores 2 heretical thoughts regarding controlled fusion and climate. First, the only way that fusion can contribute to midcentury power is by switching its goal from pure fusion, to fusion breeding. Fusion breeding makes many fewer demands on the fusion device than does pure fusion. Fusion breeding could lead to a sustainable, carbon free, environmentally and economically viable, midcentury infrastructure, with little or no proliferation risk, which could provide terawatts of power for the world. The second involves climate. We are all inundated by media warnings, not only of warming from CO2 in the atmosphere, but all sorts of other environmental disasters. For instance there will be more intense storms, rising sea levels, wild fires, retreating glaciers, droughts, loss of agricultural productivity... These assertions are very easy to check out. Such a search shows that we are nowhere near any sort of environmental crisis. The timing could be serendipitous; the time necessary to develop fusion breeding could well match up to the time when it is needed so as to avoid harm to the earth's climate and/or depletion of finite energy resources.

  15. Some thoughts on psychoanalysis and ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szpilka, Jaime

    2002-10-01

    The author attempts to establish a framework for understanding the contribution of psychoanalysis to ethics through examining the work of certain philosophers, especially Kant. After reviewing the development of Freudian thought and going beyond the 'psychoanalysis and/or psychiatry?' question, he asserts that the space of the psychoanalytical cure revolves around an ethical problem. Thus, the limits of analysis should be determined by the subject's capacity for developing a structure of belief in the unconscious, with the concomitant capacity to go beyond equivocation in respect of an ethical conflict that underlies all cases where psychical suffering is manifested. Indeed, only human beings are called upon to deal with an ethical paradox-equally a logical one-which could be stated thus: there is Good in Evil and Evil in Good. This ethical paradox is the consequence of human subjection to the constituent laws of the Oedipus complex, which distances the human being, in his/her dealings with Evil and with Good, from any naturalist stance. In respect of the cure, then, we must take into account that Evil does not proceed from any particular drive-based characteristic, but is rather the expression of specific subjection to an unconscious Other, towards which it directs its affects. Finally, the author proposes a principle that emerges from the preceding discussion: let us not impute to or place in the Other our own subjective splitting or pain at existing.

  16. The thermodynamic cost of fast thought

    CERN Document Server

    de Castro, Alexandre

    2012-01-01

    After more than sixty years, Shannon's research1-3 continues to raise fundamental questions, such as the one formulated by Luce4,5, which is still unanswered: "Why is information theory not very applicable to psychological problems, despite apparent similarities of concepts?" On this topic, Pinker6, one of the foremost defenders of the computational theory of mind6, has argued that thought is simply a type of computation, and that the gap between human cognition and computational models may be illusory. In this context, in his latest book, titled Thinking Fast and Slow8, Kahneman7,8 provides further theoretical interpretation by differentiating the two assumed systems of the cognitive functioning of the human mind. He calls them intuition (system 1) determined to be an associative (automatic, fast and perceptual) machine, and reasoning (system 2) required to be voluntary and to operate logical- deductively. In this paper, we propose an ansatz inspired by Ausubel's learning theory for investigating, from the c...

  17. Brain Computer Interface Boulevard of Smarter Thoughts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumit Ghulyani

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The Brain Computer Interface is a major breakthrough for the technical industry, medical world, military and the society on a whole. It is concerned with the control of devices around us such as computing gears & even automobiles in the near future without really the physical intervention of the user. It helps bridge the communication gap between the society and the disabled. This mainly lays its focus on people suffering from brainstem stroke, going through a spinal cord injury or even blindness. BCI helps such patients to retain or restore communication with the outside world through intelligent signals from the brain due to the high risk of paralysis under such circumstances. This is achieved by a signal acquisition technique and converting these signals available from the sensors placed on the scalp into real-time computer commands that can be visually operated and understood. It has nothing to do with the natural neural transmission of brain signals but extracts them with the help of sensors to be processed and direct the outputs to an external device. This may also prove to be a major military gadget where troops may communicate their thoughts in highly stressed situations without breaking the hush. But, as every technology have some merits and demerits, so does BCI.

  18. THE PLACE OF RATIONAL THOUGHT AND CONSULTATION IN THE OTTOMAN THOUGHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mert Can Erdogan

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The basic principles of the governmentality is one of most prominent topics of the Ottoman political writers. Because of the continuing growth and empowerment of the central bureaucracy, the principles which represent the professional values of the bureaucrats have found a place in the nasihatname writings. Per nasihatname writers, the Empire should have been governed in accordance with the suggestions of the educated and wise advisors. In this regard, the concepts of wisdom, which have deep roots in the Turkish government tradition and political Islamic thought, had been re-evaluated and presented as the key of the success in the political texts of the Ottomans. This approach gained an institutional base in the Tanzimat period, and the Empire started to be ruled by the councils of the professional technocrats. In this context the central role of the bureaucrats constitutes the bridges between the traditional Ottoman reformist thought and Tanzimat movement which was influenced by the international rivalry. In this way, the tradition of consultation which has deep roots in the Ottoman political thought played an important role in the 19th century transformation of the Empire.

  19. Intentional thought dynamics during exercise performed until volitional exhaustion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balagué, Natàlia; Hristovski, Robert; Garcia, Sergi; Aragonés, Daniel; Razon, Selen; Tenenbaum, Gershon

    2015-01-01

    Using a non-linear approach, intentional dynamics of thoughts were examined during constant cycling performed until volitional exhaustion. Participants (n = 12) completed two sessions at 80% Wmax. Their (1) intrinsic thought dynamics (i.e., no-imposed thoughts condition) and (2) intentional thought dynamics (i.e., imposed task-unrelated thoughts condition; TUT) were recorded and then classified into four categories: internal and external TUT (TUT-I, TUT-E) and external and internal task-related thoughts (TRT-E, TRT-I). The probability estimates for maintaining each thought category stable, the rate of switching from one category to another, and the entropy dynamics along the testing procedure were assessed and compared through time phase. Friedman ANOVA tests revealed a significant effect of effort increase on thought contents only in the imposed TUT test. While TUT-I probabilities decreased significantly (P < .001) as effort increased, TRT-I probabilities increased (P < .05). Moreover, the entropy to the entire thought dynamics increased at the outset of task performance and decreased upon approaching volitional exhaustion (P < .001). As time spent in constant effort increased, and volitional exhaustion approached, task relatedness (TUT, TRT), direction (internal, external), and entropy of thought contents changed unintentionally providing further evidence for a nonlinear dynamics of attention focus.

  20. Metaphor: The intertwinement of thought and language

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.F.M. Strauss

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of this article aims at reflecting on the nature of metaphoricity within the context of thought and language – inspired by the contributions of Elaine Botha in this regard commencing about three decades ago. This paved the way for those who were working within the tradition of reformational philosophy to take a new look at the nature of metaphor. Since thinking and talking are concrete activities in principle functioning in all aspects of reality, they cannot as such provide criteria to decide on the order relationship between the logicalanalytical and lingual aspects of reality. It turns out that, without a proper view of the differences between concept and word, an account of the nature of metaphor remains inconsistent. Universal traits, logical objectification, and the conceptual unknowability of what is individual, surfaces in the article. The foundational role of spatial relationships appears to be linked to imaging and imagining, informing the proposal to differentiate between modally and entitary directed knowing. The linguistic turn in particular inspired a renewed interest in language and the central place of metaphorical language use. After considering the connections between analogy and metaphor a new approach to the distinction between modal analogies and metaphors is proposed – one that is geared towards the interconnections between the different dimensions of our experiential world. The last part is dedicated to Lakoff and Johnson (1999 who have developed a peculiar view of the “embodied mind”, “conceptual metaphor”, and “cross-domain mappings”, while the article concludes with an argument about the limits of substitution and take into account expanded conditions.

  1. A sense of agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laerkner, Eva; Egerod, Ingrid; Olesen, Finn

    2017-01-01

    at the interface between agency and powerlessness as they were able to interact, yet were bound by contextual factors such as bodily weakness, technology, spatial position and relational aspects. This knowledge is important to develop patient-centered nursing practice in the context of lighter sedation....... competent and compassionate nurses who were attentive and involved them as individual persons. Initiatives to enhance familiar aspects such as relatives, personal items and care, continuity and closeness of nurses contributed to the patients' experience of feeling safe and secure in the unfamiliar setting....... Patients were aware of the surrounding activities and felt powerless when ignored by the staff and were affected when witnessing fellow patients' suffering. CONCLUSION: Being awake during mechanical ventilation entailed new opportunities and challenges for critically ill patients. Patients found themselves...

  2. The sense of agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritterband-Rosenbaum, Anina

    to their sensorimotor and perceptual problems. The result showed that children with CP have a different perception of control, and that they attribute to a larger extend movements to themselves even though they were not responsible for them. Study IV looked at how an intensive motor, perceptual and cognitive training...... program can change the sense of agency in children with CP. At the same time the study explored if this alteration of feeling in control of the movements has an impact on the children’s motor abilities. The results showed that the CP children, who completed the training, displayed an improved performance...... in identifying their own movements and an optimized motor behavior. In conclusion, the thesis has revealed a neural network between sensorimotor region which is important for understanding and experiencing own movements. Furthermore, brain lesioned children were found to display an altered perception...

  3. 42 CFR 488.10 - State survey agency review: Statutory provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... 488.10 Section 488.10 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND...; screening mammography service; critical access hospital; or clinic, rehabilitation agency, or public health agency provider of outpatient physical therapy, occupational therapy, or speech pathology services by any...

  4. 75 FR 22597 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for Office of Management and Budget Review...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... medication errors in hospitals and other health care settings by allowing health care professionals to use... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Agency Information Collection Activities; Submission for... Biological Products AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and...

  5. A Brief Analysis of the Relationship between Thought and Language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Dan

    2016-01-01

    There are many disputes about the relationship between language and thought. Being a classical theory in the field of linguistics, the relationship between language and thought has been drawing the attentions of linguistics, psychologists and sociologists to carry out a deal of debates. This paper tries to conclude all kinds of opinions about the relationship between language and thought from different scholars, then come up with personal ideas after analyzing one by one in detail.

  6. A Primary Study on Christian Aesthetic Thoughts of St Augustine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhu Yiming

    2016-01-01

    St Augustine was a celebrated esthetician in the Middle Ages. He proposed the Christian aesthetic thoughts in his later years. This paper discusses his theory of combining absolute beauty and God. And then it analyzes the social and historical elements of his thoughts. In addition, through analyzing his formalism and his focus on ugliness, it points out that his thoughts are new ideas which not only carry on pagan Greeks but also are closely related to Christian Theology.

  7. The Influence of Different Modes of Thought on Intercultural communication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李柔曼

    2009-01-01

    Intercultural communication is not only a process dealing with languages,but also a shifting activity between different modes of thought.The similarities in modes of thought are the basis of transhting.However,there are many differences in modes of thought between Chinese and English users because of the distinctive features of the geographical and natural environment they live in.This paper is intended to discuss the influence of modes of thought upon communication through a comparative study of Chinese and English thinking patterns,Then,corresponding suggestions have also been presented in respect of increasing intercultural awareness,and developing their intercultural communicative competence.

  8. The economic thought of José Calvo Sotelo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Alejandro PRIETO MAZAIRA

    2016-01-01

    .... Through his discourses and essays he developed an economic thought integrating nationalistic and interventionist postulates and a solid defense of private property and austerity, his main goal being...

  9. Music Therapy as a Nonpharmacological Intervention for Anxiety in Patients with a Thought Disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlov, Allison; Kameg, Kirstyn; Cline, Tom W; Chiapetta, Laurel; Stark, Stacy; Mitchell, Ann M

    2017-03-01

    Music therapy has been identified as a non-pharmacological adjunct therapy to treat anxiety. This QI project aimed to assess the effects of music therapy on anxiety in a sample of patients hospitalized with a thought disorder. Participants were assessed pre- and post-group using a visual analog scale for anxiety. The intervention significantly reduced VAS scores from 3.1 pre-intervention to .897 immediately post-intervention (p = 0.008). This data suggests that music therapy may be beneficial in the short term for this population and is a low risk intervention that provides positive outcomes without the risks associated with medications, seclusion, and restraint.

  10. Regulatory agencies and regulatory risk

    OpenAIRE

    Knieps, Günter; Weiß, Hans-Jörg

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to show that regulatory risk is due to the discretionary behaviour of regulatory agencies, caused by a too extensive regulatory mandate provided by the legislator. The normative point of reference and a behavioural model of regulatory agencies based on the positive theory of regulation are presented. Regulatory risk with regard to the future behaviour of regulatory agencies is modelled as the consequence of the ex ante uncertainty about the relative influence of inter...

  11. Japan Sports Arbitration Agency (JSAA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina P. Rusakova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article author analyzes the activities of Japan Sports Arbitration Agency. Author considers the goals, objectives and procedure for dealing with disputes relating to the use of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes. Author study the regulation of Japan Sports Arbitration Agency, to resolve disputes relating to the use of doping, as well as the procedure for application and acceptance of its agency, the choice of arbitrators, counterclaim, protection of evidence.

  12. Copyright agencies in Beijing, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PEI; Yonggang; WANG; Jingui

    2009-01-01

    Based on a study of copyright agencies in Beijing area,this paper reviews the historical development of the work of copyright agencies and their agents.It analyzes their business related problems that these copyright agencies and agents are facing today.This paper also proposes a few remedial measures that may usher this copyright industry into a more sustainable development and also with a more promising outlook.

  13. Agency and Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanns Holger Rutz

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Although the concept of algorithms has been established a long time ago, their current topicality indicates a shift in the discourse. Classical definitions based on logic seem to be inadequate to describe their aesthetic capabilities. New approaches stress their involvement in material practices as well as their incompleteness. Algorithmic aesthetics can no longer be tied to the static analysis of programs, but must take into account the dynamic and experimental nature of coding practices. It is suggested that the aesthetic objects thus produced articulate something that could be called algorithmicity or the space of algorithmic agency. This is the space or the medium – following Luhmann’s form/medium distinction – where human and machine undergo mutual incursions. In the resulting coupled “extimate” writing process, human initiative and algorithmic speculation cannot be clearly divided out any longer. An observation is attempted of defining aspects of such a medium by drawing a trajectory across a number of sound pieces. The operation of exchange between form and medium I call reconfiguration and it is indicated by this trajectory. 

  14. Exploring the characteristics of nursing agencies in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omolola I. Olojede

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nursing agencies are temporary employment service providers or labour brokers that supply nurses to health establishments. Objective: This study was conducted to determine the characteristics of nursing agencies and their relationship with clients in the health sector. Methods: During 2011, a cross-sectional national survey of 106 nursing agencies was conducted. After obtaining informed consent, telephone interviews were conducted with a representative of the selected nursing agency using a pretested structured questionnaire. Questions focused on the following: ownership, date of establishment, province of operation, distribution of clients across private and public health facilities; existence of a code of conduct; nature of the contractual relationship between nursing agencies and their clients, and numbers and cadres of nurses contracted. The survey data were analysed using STATA® 12. Results: Fifty-two nursing agencies participated in the survey, representing a 49% response rate. The study found that 32 nursing agencies (62% served private-sector clients only, which included private hospitals, homes for elderly people, patients in private homes, and private industry/company clinics, and only four (8% of the agencies served the public sector only. Twenty-seven percent of nursing agencies provided services to homes for elderly individuals. Nursing agencies were more likely to have contracts with private-sector clients (84% than with public-sector clients (16% (p = 0.04. Although 98% of nursing agencies reported that they had a code of conduct, the proportion was higher for private-sector clients (73% compared to public-sector clients (27%. In terms of quality checks and monitoring, 81% of agencies agreed with a statement that they checked the nursing council registration of nurses, 82% agreed with a statement that they requested certified copies of a nurse's qualifications. Only 21% indicated that they conducted reference checks

  15. 76 FR 49458 - TRICARE; Hospital Outpatient Radiology Discretionary Appeal Adjustments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-10

    ... of the Secretary TRICARE; Hospital Outpatient Radiology Discretionary Appeal Adjustments AGENCY... hospitals of an opportunity for net adjusted payments for radiology services for which TRICARE payments were... radiology services specified in the regulation as being reimbursed under the allowable charge methodology...

  16. Contextualizing Women’s Agency in Marital Negotiations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biswamitra Sahu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available We use 36 in-depth interviews, with 18 Muslim and 18 Hindu women in Karnataka, India, to explore the relationships between women’s educational attainments and women’s exercise of agency in spousal selection and the timing of marriage. We have outlined three kinds of agency, namely, convinced, resistance, and complicit, and the contexts in which they were deployed by our participants during their marriage negotiations. Our examination of the role of education across this spectrum of agential capacities during marriage negotiations suggests that the linkages between education and agency are not straightforward. Rather, the normative context, and how parents and daughters interact with it when fixing marriages, makes the use of agency by the woman and by their parents much more complicated than standard narratives that claim that “modern” education for girls will inevitably enable women to play decisive roles in realizing their personal preferences. Our data lead us to challenge this framework and we argue that the link between education and agency is not always positive and linear, as it widely thought to be.

  17. Enhancing Battlemind: Preventing PTSD by Coping with Intrusive Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-05-01

    normative across varied populations, those experiencing intrusive thoughts often report that the thoughts are disturbing, and they fear Coping With...tests of a cognitive model of generalized anxiety disorder: Metacognitions and worry in GAD, panic disorder, social phobia , depression, and nonpatients

  18. Emancipation in postmodernity : political thought in Japanese science fiction animation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nakamura, M.

    2017-01-01

    Animation has long been overlooked as source for political thought. The aim of this thesis is to rectify this, and it will do so in two ways. First, it makes a theoretical and empirical case for animation as an intellectual source of political thought that should be used along with philosophical

  19. Weighing Photons Using Bathroom Scales: A Thought Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huggins, Elisha

    2010-01-01

    Jay Orear, in his introductory physics text, defined the weight of a person as the reading one gets when standing on a (properly calibrated) bathroom scale. Here we will use Jay's definition of weight in a thought experiment to measure the weight of a photon. The thought experiment uses the results of the Pound-Rebka-Snider experiments, Compton…

  20. Spontaneous Repetitive Thoughts Can Be Adaptive: Postscript on "Mind Wandering"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baars, Bernard J.

    2010-01-01

    When researchers use the term "mind wandering" for task-unrelated thoughts in signal detection tasks, we may fall into the trap of believing that spontaneous thoughts are task unrelated in a deeper sense. Similar negative connotations are attached to common terms like "cognitive failures", "resting state", "rumination", "distraction", "attentional…

  1. The Feminist Thoughts Embodied in the Epics of Possession

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴艳玲

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,features of the feminist thoughts embodied in Possession analyzed and readers are led to a mythological world centered onthree female characters in three epics in order to state the feminist thoughys in the epics.Byatt's feminist thoughts are highlighted here.

  2. When you Thought I Wasn’t Looking

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正> When you thought I wasn’t looking,I saw you hang my first painting on the refrigerator,and I immediately wanted to paint another one.When you thought I wasn’t looking,I saw you feed a stray cat,and I learned that it was good to be kind to animals.

  3. Emancipation in postmodernity : political thought in Japanese science fiction animation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nakamura, M.

    2017-01-01

    Animation has long been overlooked as source for political thought. The aim of this thesis is to rectify this, and it will do so in two ways. First, it makes a theoretical and empirical case for animation as an intellectual source of political thought that should be used along with philosophical can

  4. A validation study of the Brief Irrational Thoughts Inventory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.M. Hoogsteder; I.B. Wissink; G.J.J.M. Stams; J.E. van Horn; J. Hendriks

    2014-01-01

    This study examines the reliability and validity of the "Brief Irrational Thoughts Inventory" (BITI) in a sample of 256 justice-involved youths. The BITI is a questionnaire used to determine the nature and severity of irrational thoughts related to aggressive (externalizing), sub-assertive (internal

  5. 1968–1977–1999 and Beyond: Bifo's Futural Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Goddard

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The trajectory of Bifo’s thought and practice contains valuable material not only in relation to cultural studies and contemporary thought but also in relation to political and aesthetic projects seeking alternative futures to those imposed by the contemporary military-economic technostructure.

  6. Encounter with death: The thought of Robert Jay Lifton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lageman, A G

    1987-12-01

    Robert Jay Lifton begins his work in the psychosocial framework that he takes over from Erik Erikson. Lifton's thought is based upon a central paradigm-"death and the continuity of life." Lifton makes important contributions with his five modes of symbolic immortality and with his investigation of the psychological themes in survivors. The origins and limits of Lifton's thought are critically examined.

  7. Existential Thoughts in Fanon's Post-Colonialism Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chuan-Rong

    2013-01-01

    Frantz Fanon, a pioneer of post-colonial theory, attempted to seek some unbeknown possibilities through a Sartrean existentialism thought toward ethnic liberation and the fighting against imperialism. This article tries to enter Fanon's short life that was full of humanism and existentialist thought and to explore the hidden theoretical context…

  8. Mapping the brain's metaphor circuitry: metaphorical thought in everyday reason.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakoff, George

    2014-01-01

    An overview of the basics of metaphorical thought and language from the perspective of Neurocognition, the integrated interdisciplinary study of how conceptual thought and language work in the brain. The paper outlines a theory of metaphor circuitry and discusses how everyday reason makes use of embodied metaphor circuitry.

  9. Existential Thoughts in Fanon's Post-Colonialism Discourse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Chuan-Rong

    2013-01-01

    Frantz Fanon, a pioneer of post-colonial theory, attempted to seek some unbeknown possibilities through a Sartrean existentialism thought toward ethnic liberation and the fighting against imperialism. This article tries to enter Fanon's short life that was full of humanism and existentialist thought and to explore the hidden theoretical context…

  10. The Influence of Family of Origin Relationships on Career Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustig, Daniel C.; Xu, Yonghong Jade; Strauser, David R.

    2017-01-01

    Family of origin relationships are an important influence on career decision-making. The current study investigates the relationship between family cohesion, expressiveness and conflict and dysfunctional career thoughts. The Family Environment Scale-Form R (Moos & Moos, 2009) measured the family environment and the Career Thoughts Inventory…

  11. The Influence of Family of Origin Relationships on Career Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustig, Daniel C.; Xu, Yonghong Jade; Strauser, David R.

    2017-01-01

    Family of origin relationships are an important influence on career decision-making. The current study investigates the relationship between family cohesion, expressiveness and conflict and dysfunctional career thoughts. The Family Environment Scale-Form R (Moos & Moos, 2009) measured the family environment and the Career Thoughts Inventory…

  12. Sediment oxygen demand in upper Klamath and Agency lakes, Oregon, 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wood, T.M.

    2001-06-28

    Sediment oxygen demand (SOD) was measured in two shallow, interconnected lakes in southern Oregon, Upper Klamath Lake and Agency Lake, in spring and late summer of 1999. Upper Klamath Lake contains populations of two endangered fishes, the shortnose sucker and the Lost River sucker, and low dissolved oxygen concentrations in summer are thought to be one factor affecting sucker populations.

  13. 76 FR 53138 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-25

    ..., rule-breaking behavior, social problems, thought problems, and withdrawn/depressed; The UCLA PTSD Short... HUMAN SERVICES Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration Agency Information Collection... information about the child being served including information about the child's domestic environment...

  14. The evolution of language and thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, Philip

    2016-06-20

    Language primarily evolved as a vocal medium that transmits the attributes of human culture and the necessities of daily communication. Human language has a long, complex evolutionary history. Language also serves as an instrument of thought since it has become evident that in the course of this process neural circuits that initially evolved to regulate motor control, motor responses to external events, and ultimately talking were recycled to serve tasks such as working memory, cognitive flexibility linguistic tasks such as comprehending distinctions in meaning conveyed by syntax. This precludes the human brain possessing an organ devoted exclusively to language, such as the Faculty of Language proposed by Chomsky (1972, 2012). In essence like Fodor's (1983) modular model, a restatement of archaic phrenological theories (Spurzheim, 1815). The subcortical basal ganglia can be traced back to early anurans. Although our knowledge of the neural circuits of the human brain is at a very early stage and incomplete, the findings of independent studies over the past 40 years, discussed here, have identified circuits linking the basal ganglia with various areas of prefrontal cortex, posterior cortical regions and other subcortical structures. These circuits are active in linguistic tasks such as lexical access, comprehending distinctions in meaning conferred by syntax and the range of higher cognitive tasks involving executive control and play a critical role in conferring cognitive flexibility. The cingulate cortex which appeared in Therapsids, transitional mammal-like reptiles who lived in age of the dinosaurs, most likely enhanced mother-infant interaction, contributing to success in the Darwinian (1859) "Struggle for Existence" - the survival of progeny. They continue to fill that role in present-day mammals as well as being involved in controlling laryngeal phonation during speech and directing attention (Newman & MacLean, 1983; Cummings, 1993". The cerebellum and

  15. New findings on unconscious versus conscious thought in decision making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felix Acker

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Ninety-eight Australian students participated in a functional replication of a study published by Dijksterhuis et al. (2006. The results indicated that unconscious thought does not necessarily lead to better normative decision making performance than conscious thought, which is contrary to the results found in Dijksterhuis et al. Since other studies showed a positive, though statistically not significant, effect for unconscious thought, a meta-analysis comprising a total of 17 experiments was conducted. It suggests that there is little evidence for an advantage to normative decision making using unconscious thought. However, a discussion of potential moderators shows that further study would help to identify situations in which unconscious thought is truly helpful and those in which it is not.

  16. Intrusive Thoughts Mediate the Association between Neuroticism and Cognitive Function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munoz, Elizabeth; Sliwinski, Martin J; Smyth, Joshua M; Almeida, David M; King, Heather A

    2013-11-01

    Although research has established a negative association between trait neuroticism and cognition, little is known about the mechanisms that underlie this relationship. We examined the tendency to experience intrusive thoughts and negative affect as potential mediators of the relationship between neuroticism and cognitive performance. We hypothesized that the tendency to experience intrusive thoughts reflects ineffective attentional control and would account for the relationship between neuroticism and cognitive performance over and above the mediating effect of negative affect. Three hundred seventeen adults (Mage =49.43) completed a series of attention-demanding cognitive tasks as well as self-report measures of intrusive thoughts, negative affect, and neuroticism. Intrusive thoughts mediated the association between trait neuroticism and cognitive performance beyond negative affect. These findings are consistent with the hypothesis that the tendency to experience intrusive thoughts is a mechanism through which trait neuroticism influences cognitive performance.

  17. Predictors of Non-Adherence to Breast Cancer Screening among Hospitalized Women: e0145492

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Waseem Khaliq; Ali Aamar; Scott M Wright

    2015-01-01

    .... Patients and Methods A cross sectional bedside survey was conducted to collect socio-demographic and clinical comorbidity data thought to effect breast cancer screening adherence of hospitalized women aged 50-75 years...

  18. Student Agency for Powerful Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiliams, Philip

    2017-01-01

    School libraries play a powerful role in enabling, informing, and sustaining student agency, and nothing engages and motivates students more deeply than enabling them to become the active agents in the process of learning. Students with agency are powerful learners who are prepared to engage with the world with sustained, courageous curiosity.…

  19. A Guidebook for Chartering Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millot, Marc Dean

    As of November 1996, at least 25 states had passed charter-school legislation empowering agencies of state government to enter into agreements with private individuals and groups to operate public schools. This is a guidebook for government agencies given the power to permit individuals and groups to operate autonomous public schools under state…

  20. The changing power equation in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rayburn, J M; Rayburn, L G

    1997-01-01

    This research traces the origins, development, and reasons for change in the power equation in the U.S. hospitals between physicians, administrators and accountants. The paper contains three major sections: a review of the literature concerning authority, power, influence, and institutional theory; a review of the development of the power of professions, especially physicians, accounting and healthcare administrators, and the power equilibrium of a hospital; and, a discussion of the social policy implications of the power struggle. The basis for physicians' power derives from their legal ability to act on which others are dependent, such as choosing which hospital to admit patients, order tests and procedures for their patients. The Federal Government's prospective payment system and the hospitals' related case-mix accounting systems appear to influence the power structure in hospitals by redistributing that power. The basis of the accountants' power base is control of financial information. Accountants have a definite potential for influencing which departments receive financial resources and for what purpose. This moves hospital accountants into the power equation. The basis of the hospital administrators' power is their formal authority in the organization. Regardless of what actions federal government agencies, hospital accountants, or hospital administrators take, physicians are expected to remain the dominant factor in the power equation. Without major environmental changes to gain control of physician services, only insignificant results in cost containment will occur.

  1. I thought you’d never become one of us

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles Bisley

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, I describe a collaborative process in which  a class of grade 6&7 students made and performed two plays, and also transformed their learning. In this process, a reconfiguring of the spaces of learning,  the students and I adapted a variety of literacy and drama practices; a key change in practice was the shift away from an instrumental mode of dialogue in which the teacher occupies the superior position of knower and evaluator, towards a Bakhtinian mode in which dialogue, as heteroglossic, moves between all the participants, and becomes the main purpose of learning. In a dynamic combination of linguistic, theatrical, and relational meaning making, the students moved clear of the outcomes-based learning that had hitherto stultified their interactions and language. As a result, they developed a new creative agency, both singly and as a collective, and an authoritative discourse. They left this discourse open for me to join, and also continue afterwards, as I have done here, by presenting and interpreting their voices, and including new ones.[1][1] EDITORIAL NOTE: Charles Bisley’s article is an unusual and brave attempt to transcend the current norms of scholarly and academic genres and create a polyphonic article in which he describes a year long educational event through the voices of all of its participants – among which he counts not only his students and himself, and their audience of parents and the school authorities, but also includes educational, literary and philosophical authors who inspired him and whose thoughts guided him in his actions and reflections during and after his project in creating dramatic spaces and times with his students. His writing has elements of reflective auto-ethnography, Woolfian lyrical stream of consciousness, dialogic double-voicedness and a storytelling narrative that is intended to transport the reader into an experience of the dramatic enfolding of the events and their protagonists

  2. Assessment of formal thought disorder : The relation between the Kiddie Formal Thought Disorder Rating Scale and clinical judgment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Bruin, Esther I.; Verheij, Fop; Wiegman, Tamar; Ferdinand, Robert F.

    2007-01-01

    The presence of formal thought disorder (FTD) in childhood is sometimes viewed as a possible precursor of psychotic symptoms or adult schizophrenia. It is possible to assess FTD in childhood in a valid and reliable manner, by using the Kiddie Formal Thought Disorder Rating Scale (K-FTDS). However, t

  3. On social death: ostracism and the accessibility of death thoughts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steele, Caroline; Kidd, David C; Castano, Emanuele

    2015-01-01

    Being rejected, excluded, or simply ignored is a painful experience. Ostracism researchers have shown its powerful negative consequences (Williams, 2007), and sociologists have referred to such experiences as social death (Bauman, 1992). Is this is just a metaphor or does being ostracized make death more salient in people's minds? An experiment was conducted in which participants experienced ostracism or inclusion using the Cyberball manipulation, and the accessibility of death-related thoughts was measured via a word-stem completion puzzle. Results showed enhanced death-thought accessibility in the ostracism condition, as well as a negative effect of dispositional self-esteem on the accessibility of death-related thoughts.

  4. A three-dimensional model of thoughts: insight into depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desseilles, Martin; Chang, Trina; Piguet, Camille; Bertschy, Gilles; Dayer, Alexandre G

    2012-01-01

    Thought processing and mood regulation are closely linked, but existing classifications of mood disorders fail to recognize the complex interplay between these two clinical dimensions. Furthermore, existing classifications fail to account for the possibility that depression might be associated with an increased frequency of self-referential thoughts that could in some circumstances be related to creativity processes. Based on recent evidence from clinical phenomenology, experimental psychology and affective neuroscience, we propose a novel comprehensive theoretical framework that incorporates thought processing and emotional valence. This new taxonomy provides insights into the clinical understanding of the spectrum of mood disorders and accounts for the possibility of increased creativity in altered mood states.

  5. Self-consciousness, self-agency, and schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kircher, Tilo T J; Leube, Dirk T

    2003-12-01

    Empirical approaches on topics such as consciousness, self-awareness, or introspective perspective, need a conceptual framework so that the emerging, still unconnected findings can be integrated and put into perspective. We introduce a model of self-consciousness derived from phenomenology, philosophy, the cognitive, and neurosciences. We will then give an overview of research data on one particular aspect of our model, self-agency, trying to link findings from cognitive psychology and neuroscience. Finally, we will expand on pathological aspects of self-agency, and in particular on psychosis in schizophrenia. We show, that a deficient self-monitoring system underlies, in part, hallucinations and formal thought (language) disorder in schizophrenia. We argue, that self-consciousness is a valid construct and can be studied with the instruments of cognitive and neuroscience.

  6. Inpatient treatment has no impact on the core thoughts and perceptions in adolescents with anorexia nervosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fennig, Silvana; Brunstein Klomek, Anat; Shahar, Ben; Sarel-Michnik, Zohar; Hadas, Arie

    2017-06-01

    Examine changes in core perceptions and thoughts during the weight restoration phase of inpatient treatment for adolescents with anorexia nervosa. Forty-four adolescents with anorexia nervosa consecutively admitted (2009-2012) to an inpatient paediatric-psychiatric unit specializing in eating disorders. The programme consisted of a complete inpatient intervention combining weight restoration by structured supervised meals with individual and group cognitive-behavioural therapy, parental training/family intervention and educational activities, followed by a half-way day-treatment weight-stabilizing phase and progressive reintroduction to the community. The study focused on changes from hospital admission to discharge in patients' responses to self-report questionnaires on eating disorder symptoms, depression, anxiety and suicidal ideation. No significant changes in core anorexic thoughts and perceptions as Body dissatisfaction, Drive for thinness, Weight concern and Shape concern were noted. However, a reduction in the general severity of eating disorder symptoms (including Restraint and Eating concern) was observed, mainly related to the treatment structure. Levels of depression significantly decreased but remained within pathological range. We also found a concerning increase in suicidal ideation not correlated with a concomitant increase in depressive symptomatology. Inpatient treatment of anorexia nervosa in adolescents does not significantly modify core anorexic thoughts and perceptions. This may explain the high relapse rates. Changes in core beliefs may be crucial for recovery and prevention of relapse in anorexia nervosa at this critical age. This study may have clinical implications for the development of better treatment strategies to target the gap between disturbed thoughts and distorted perceptions - the core aspects of anorexia nervosa and physical recovery during and after the weight restoration phase. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  7. Credibility Discourse of PR Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isaksson, Maria; Jørgensen, Poul Erik Flyvholm

    2008-01-01

    This research examines the credibility discourse posted on the corporate websites of 60 British, Danish and Norwegian public relations agencies. The purpose was to determine the nature and patterns of the statements of credibility that PR agencies from different cultures have considered...... instrumental in establishing dependable and likeable images of their ethos. More specifically, the study seeks to establish whether there are distinct cross-cultural preferences in PR credibility discourse. Our assumption was that British and Scandinavian PR agencies assign similar relative importance...

  8. Hospital Outpatient PPS Partial Hospitalization Program LDS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) Partial Hospitalization Program LDS This file contains select claim level data and is derived from 2010 claims...

  9. Hospital Outpatient PPS Partial Hospitalization Program LDS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment System (OPPS) Partial Hospitalization Program LDS This file contains select claim level data and is derived from 2010 claims...

  10. IMPLEMENTATION OF A QUALITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM IN A TRAVEL AGENCY

    OpenAIRE

    Virgil NICULA; POPSA Roxana Elena

    2014-01-01

    The present research refers to the major problems existing in the Romanian tourism, namely, "manufacturing" and commercialization of certain products non-compliant with the user’s requirements in terms of quality. In tourism and hospitality industry, quality can be judged on the extent to which the service received meets the customer’s expectations. So, the quality is important for both customers and managers of various travel agencies, as it can contribute to making better products at lower ...

  11. A penny for your thoughts: dimensions of self-generated thought content and relationships with individual differences in emotional wellbeing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrews-Hanna, Jessica R; Kaiser, Roselinde H; Turner, Amy E J; Reineberg, Andrew E; Godinez, Detre; Dimidjian, Sona; Banich, Marie T

    2013-01-01

    A core aspect of human cognition involves overcoming the constraints of the present environment by mentally simulating another time, place, or perspective. Although these self-generated processes confer many benefits, they can come at an important cost, and this cost is greater for some individuals than for others. Here we explore the possibility that the costs and benefits of self-generated thought depend, in part, upon its phenomenological content. To test these hypotheses, we first developed a novel thought sampling paradigm in which a large sample of young adults recalled several recurring thoughts and rated each thought on multiple content variables (i.e., valence, specificity, self-relevance, etc.). Next, we examined multi-level relationships among these content variables and used a hierarchical clustering approach to partition self-generated thought into distinct dimensions. Finally, we investigated whether these content dimensions predicted individual differences in the costs and benefits of the experience, assessed with questionnaires measuring emotional health and wellbeing. Individuals who characterized their thoughts as more negative and more personally significant scored higher on constructs associated with Depression and Trait Negative Affect, whereas those who characterized their thoughts as less specific scored higher on constructs linked to Rumination. In contrast, individuals who characterized their thoughts as more positive, less personally significant, and more specific scored higher on constructs linked to improved wellbeing (Mindfulness). Collectively, these findings suggest that the content of people's inner thoughts can (1) be productively examined, (2) be distilled into several major dimensions, and (3) account for a large portion of variability in their functional outcomes.

  12. 75 FR 36610 - Medicare and Medicaid Programs: Changes to the Hospital and Critical Access Hospital Conditions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-28

    ... verbal designation of the representative by the patient), but only in rare cases. In such cases, the... costs. Executive Order 12866 explicitly requires agencies to consider non-quantifiable benefits... admission. No burden is being assessed on the communication of these revisions to hospital and CAH staff...

  13. 44 CFR 208.9 - Agreements between Sponsoring Agencies and Participating Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... Every agreement between a Sponsoring Agency and a Participating Agency regarding the System must include... EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY DISASTER ASSISTANCE NATIONAL URBAN SEARCH AND...

  14. Islamic Thoughts and Individuals’ Actions in the Built Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Hamdan, Ahamd

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The way Islamic thought has affected an individual’s action based on the effective information in the built environment is a considerable issue. This study argued that Islamic thought in which parts and stages of executing an action is effective. It is an interdisciplinary research with context analysis in order to consider the related psychological and environmental theories and documents derived from the secondary sources. The findings demonstrated that Islamic thought as a determinant factor affects an individual’s action in the built environment from two essential directions, including: 1 its effect through environmental information in the built environment; 2 its effect on the perceptual process of people to execute an action. Consequently, although the perception of people from Islamic thought is very effective in executing an individual’s action, the developers and planners of the built environments in Islamic societies are able to affect an individual’s action by means of design manipulation.

  15. Lenguaje y Proceso de Pensamiento (Language and Thought Processes)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimoldi, H. J. A.

    1978-01-01

    Thought processes as they are observed during problem solving are discussed. A theoretical framework is designed to establish the correspondence between the tactics the subjects use to solve problems and thinking processes. (NCR)

  16. Lenguaje y Proceso de Pensamiento (Language and Thought Processes)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimoldi, H. J. A.

    1978-01-01

    Thought processes as they are observed during problem solving are discussed. A theoretical framework is designed to establish the correspondence between the tactics the subjects use to solve problems and thinking processes. (NCR)

  17. Rush Hour Pollution May Be Worse Than Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_167478.html Rush Hour Pollution May Be Worse Than Thought Higher measurements seen ... in rush-hour traffic? New research finds air pollution levels in cars are much higher than previously ...

  18. Nothing concentrates the mind: thoughts of death improve recall

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hart, Joshua; Burns, Daniel J

    2012-01-01

    ... selected to operate more efficiently when death thoughts (e.g., survival concerns) are activated. If so, then the mortality salience as a general psychological state should be sufficient to increase recall...

  19. [Brief introduction of professor Yang Jia-san's academic thought].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Qing-guo

    2008-05-01

    The present paper introduces Prof. YANG's academic thought from acupoint theory, acupoint selection method, filiform needle needling methods, reinforcing and reducing manipulation, clinical acupoint association, syndrome differentiation treatment thought, etc. Essence of acupoints is "Shenqi" freely flowing out and in, and is not local tissues of "skin, muscle, tendon and hone". Deeply understanding the essence of acupoints is of an important significance. Reinforcing and reducing of acupuncture are one of core links for attaining clinical therapeutic effect and are paid great attention by physicians of past ages. Prof. YANG deeply red classical works, learnt from all schools of thought, gradually achieve mastery through a comprehensive study of the subject, simplifying something by cutting out the superfluous, forming own acupuncture reinforcing and reducing style. YANG's syndrome differentiation treatment thought includes following 3 characteristics: (1) reflecting the spirit of special recipe, special drug and special acupoint for special disease; (2) being good at combined acupuncture and drug; (3) flexible clinical thinking and methods.

  20. Thought Experiment Analyses of René Descartes' Cogito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. P. Hertogh

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: René Descartes' Cogito is an example of a paradigmatic thought experiment, herald of both subjectivism and new science in Europe's Modern Age, that seems to have escaped the attention of thought experiment philosophers. On deep analysis, the Cogito appears as universal instantiation (or modus ponens with implicit major 'whatever has the property of thinking, exists'. The Cogito has strong rhetorical effects for it narratively generalizes from I to all human kind, and its historical and philosophical success can be explained from its concise enthymematic structure that rings true in many possible senses. We consider it a preeminent example of a thought experiment as it states the power of thinking as its very contents. From Descartes' methodology of doubt we can conclude that, e.g., on a Wittgensteinian interpretation, the Cogito is a logical thought experiment rather than a psychological one.

  1. Birth Defects from Zika More Far-Reaching Than Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_162538.html Birth Defects From Zika More Far-Reaching Than Thought Studies found greater ... 14, 2016 WEDNESDAY, Dec. 14, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- Zika's ability to damage the infant brain may be ...

  2. Teaching thoughtful practice: narrative pedagogy in addictions education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandermause, Roxanne K; Townsend, Ryan P

    2010-07-01

    Preparing practitioners for this rapidly changing and demanding health care environment is challenging. A surge in knowledge development and scientific advancement has placed a priority on technical skill and a focus on content driven educational processes that prepare students for evidence-based practice. However, the most difficult health care scenarios require thinking-in-action and thoughtfulness as well as didactic knowledge. It is our contention that interpretive educational methods, like narrative pedagogy, will promote judgment-based practice that includes use of evidence and delivery of thoughtful care. In this article, we describe and interpret a narrative approach to addictions content and teaching thoughtful practice. We present our pedagogical process, including observations and field notes, to show how interpretive pedagogies can be introduced into nursing curricula. By presenting this process, the reader is invited to consider interpretive methods as a way to inspire and habituate thoughtful practice and judgment-based care.

  3. [Thought as lived experience. The Würzburg School].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Janette

    2010-01-01

    The core of our essay is the "psychology of thought" (Denkpsychologie), which was elaborated by the Würzburg School at the beginning of the 20th century. We will show how this School synthesized two contemporary trends: Brentano's project of a psychology from an empirical point of view and the use of experiments beyond the limits of perception. Through the works of Karl Bühler we will criticize the legitimacy of the psychologistic approach, which was applied to all psychological schools of thought participating in the debate on the nature of thought. We will also discuss the Bühlerian idea of a present knowledge, which aims to avoid the consequence of mind localization, a very tempting issue for the psychology of thought.

  4. The market for hospital medicine in Denmark

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisela Hostenkamp

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Pharmaceutical expenditure growth has outpaced GDP and healthcare expenditure growth rates in Denmark as in most OECD countries for the last decade. A major part of this increase was due to high growth rates in specialist areas that are typically located in hospital settings. Yet the market for hospital medicines and their procurement are still poorly understood. The present paper characterises the market for hospital medicines in Denmark in terms of its organisation and developments between 2005 and 2009. In Denmark hospital medicines are publicly financed and procurement is centrally organised. 98% of all medicines administered at Danish public hospitals are purchased through a public procurement agency by means of public tenders. Using data on actual contract prices we decompose pharmaceutical expenditure growth into the contributions from newly introduced medicines, price and volume increases and use summary statistics to compare market performance in both sectors. The market for hospital medicine is more concentrated than the pharmaceutical retail sector and the share of generics and parallel imported products is significantly lower. Between 2005 and 2009 expenditures for hospital medicines more than doubled -accounting for almost 40% of the total Danish pharmaceutical market in 2009. Price increases however - although positive and higher than in the pharmaceutical retail sector - were only moderate. The majority of the expenditure growth was due to an increase in utilisation and the introduction of new medicines in the hospital sector. Centralised tendering may therefore have important implications for competition and industry structure in the long run.

  5. Stage implementation of RFID in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Sameer; Livermont, Gregory; McKewan, Gregory

    2010-01-01

    The use of radio frequency identification device (RFID) technology within the healthcare industry was researched and specific instances of implementation of this technology in the hospital environment were examined. The study primarily makes use of ideas from operations and supply chain management, such as work flow diagrams, value stream mapping, and poka-yokes (mistake proofing measures) for investigations of processes, failures, and solutions. This study presents a step-by-step approach of how to implement the use of RFID tracking systems within the entire hospital. A number of poka-yokes were also devised for improving the safety of the patient and cost effectiveness of the hospital to insure the success of the hospital health care delivery system. Many players in the hospital environment may be impacted. This includes patients, doctors, nurses, technicians, administrators, and other hospital personnel. Insurance and government agencies may be impacted as well. Different levels of training of hospital personnel will be required based on the degree of interaction with the RFID system. References to costs, Return On Investment, change management, ethical and legal considerations are also made to help the reader understand the benefits and implications of the technology in the hospital environment.

  6. Hospital-acquired pneumonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... tends to be more serious than other lung infections because: People in the hospital are often very sick and cannot fight off ... prevent pneumonia. Most hospitals have programs to prevent hospital-acquired infections.

  7. Structural Measures - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospitals and the availability of structural measures at that hospital. A structural measure reflects the environment in which hospitals care for patients....

  8. Going to the Hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Too Short All About Puberty Going to the Hospital KidsHealth > For Kids > Going to the Hospital Print ... you flowers, balloons, or other treats! previous continue Hospital People You'll meet lots of people in ...

  9. Understanding your hospital bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000881.htm Understanding your hospital bill To use the sharing features on this ... help you save money. Charges Listed on Your Hospital Bill A hospital bill will list the major ...

  10. Research in Hospitality Management

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research in Hospitality Management is a peer-reviewed journal publishing papers ... to the understanding of hospitality and hospitality management in a global context. ... financial management, marketing, strategic management, economics, ...

  11. Patient survey (HCAHPS) - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of hospital ratings for the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS). HCAHPS is a national, standardized survey of hospital...

  12. The thought translation device (TTD) for completely paralyzed patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Birbaumer, N; Kübler, A; Ghanayim, N; Hinterberger, T; Perelmouter, J; Kaiser, J; Iversen, I; Kotchoubey, B; Neumann, N; Flor, H

    2000-06-01

    The thought translation device trains locked-in patients to self-regulate slow cortical potentials (SCP's) of their electroencephalogram (EEG). After operant learning of SCP self-control, patients select letters, words or pictograms in a computerized language support program. Results of five respirated, locked-in-patients are described, demonstrating the usefulness of the thought translation device as an alternative communication channel in motivated totally paralyzed patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

  13. A three-dimensional model of thoughts: insight into depression.

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Thought processing and mood regulation are closely linked, but existing classifications of mood disorders fail to recognize the complex interplay between these two clinical dimensions. Furthermore, existing classifications fail to account for the possibility that depression might be associated with an increased frequency of self-referential thoughts that could in some circumstances be related to creativity processes. Based on recent evidence from clinical phenomenology, experimental psycholog...

  14. European Space Agency Sentinel-2

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Sentinel-2A satellite is operated by the European Space Agency (ESA). The Sentinel Multispectral Instrument (MSI) acquires 13 spectral bands ranging from Visible...

  15. European Space Agency Sentinel-2

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Sentinel-2A satellite is operated by the European Space Agency (ESA). The Sentinel Multispectral Instrument (MSI) acquires 13 spectral bands ranging from Visible...

  16. HUD Approved Housing Counseling Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — HUD sponsors housing counseling agencies throughout the country that can provide advice on buying a home, renting, defaults, foreclosures, and credit issues. This...

  17. Markets: The Credit Rating Agencies

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    White, Lawrence J

    2010-01-01

    ...—to the center of the U.S. bond markets—and thereby virtually guaranteed that when these rating agencies did make mistakes, these mistakes would have serious consequences for the financial sector...

  18. 76 FR 42169 - Medicare and Medicaid Programs: Hospital Outpatient Prospective Payment; Ambulatory Surgical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-18

    ... Hospital Association AHIMA American Health Information Management Association AHRQ Agency for Healthcare... Administration SCH Sole Community Hospital SDP Single Drug Pricer SI Status Indicator TEP Technical Expert Panel... 42 CFR Parts 410, 411, 416 et al. Medicare and Medicaid Programs: Hospital Outpatient Prospective...

  19. 78 FR 7434 - Medicare Program: Notice of Two Membership Appointments to the Advisory Panel on Hospital...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    ... Appointments to the Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment AGENCY: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid... announces two new membership appointments to the Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment (HOP, the... prepare the annual updates for the hospital outpatient prospective payment system. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  20. 77 FR 9255 - Medicare Program: Notice of Six Membership Appointments to the Advisory Panel on Hospital...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-16

    ... Appointments to the Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment AGENCY: Centers for Medicare & Medicaid... announces six new membership appointments to the Advisory Panel on Hospital Outpatient Payment (HOP, the... prepare the annual updates for the hospital outpatient prospective payment system. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION...

  1. 76 FR 148 - Medicaid Program; Final FY 2009 and Preliminary FY 2011 Disproportionate Share Hospital...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ... and Preliminary FY 2011 Disproportionate Share Hospital Allotments, and Final FY 2009 and Preliminary FY 2011 Institutions for Mental Diseases Disproportionate Share Hospital Limits AGENCY: Centers for... share disproportionate share hospital (DSH) allotments for Federal FY (FY) 2009 and the preliminary...

  2. The Feminist Thoughts of Vera in A Dill Pickle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xi; Ma Wen-ying

    2014-01-01

    Katherine Mansfield, the most famous writer in New Zealand, was closely associated with D. H. Lawrence and something of a rival of Virginia Woolf. Like the Russian writer Anton Chekhov, Mansfield depicted trivial events and subtle changes in human behavior. A Dill Pickle, one of her short stories, describes the reunion between the former lovers in a caf6 after six-year separation. Mansfield introduced suspense into the story while knitting the plot and adopted stream of consciousness as the narrative device to reveal the inner feelings and thoughts of the heroine--Vera. The present paper, first of all, gives a brief introduction of the story. Then, it explores Vera's feminist thoughts from three aspects: (a) causes to bring about her thought of feminism; (b) manifestation of her feminist thoughts in what she behaved; and (c) the influence of her thought to other women of her time and inspiration to other female writers. The paper concludes that Vera well presented the image of a woman full of feminist thoughts which were really ahead of her time.

  3. 49 CFR Attachment 3 - Offices Within Federal Agencies and Federal-State Agencies for Information Regarding the Agencies...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Attachment 3 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC.... Attachment 3—Offices Within Federal Agencies and Federal-State Agencies for Information Regarding...

  4. Toward a New Relation of Hospitality in the Academy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuokkanen, Rauna

    2003-01-01

    In this article the author proposes some thoughts for working toward academic hospitality that would enable the recognition of Indigenous epistemologies in an appropriate manner. These suggestions will always remain partial and are by no means intended to be taken as a comprehensive, exhaustive consideration of possible measures. To suggest…

  5. A Prospective Study of Adolescent Suicidal Behavior Following Hospitalization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Cheryl A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Identifies specific predictors of suicidal behavior in 100 adolescents during a 6-month follow-up period after psychiatric hospitalization. Eighteen percent reported suicidal behavior during the follow-up period, and this behavior was associated with suicidal thoughts, family dysfunction, and dysthymia. It was not associated with initial…

  6. A Penny for Your Thoughts: Dimensions of Thought Content and Relationships with Individual Differences in Emotional Well-Being

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica R Andrews-Hanna

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available A core aspect of human cognition involves overcoming the constraints of the present environment by mentally simulating another time, place, or perspective. Although these self-generated processes confer many benefits, they can come at an important cost, and this cost is greater for some individuals than for others. Here we explore the possibility that the costs and benefits of self-generated thought depend, in part, upon its phenomenological content. To test these hypotheses, we first developed a novel thought sampling paradigm and explored normative ratings of multiple thought content variables (i.e. valence, specificity, self-relevance, etc. across a large sample of young adults. Next, we examined multi-level relationships among these content variables, and used a hierarchical clustering approach to partition self-generated thought into multiple dimensions. Finally, we investigated whether these content dimensions predicted individual differences in the costs and benefits of the experience, assessed with questionnaires measuring emotional health and wellbeing. Individuals who characterized their thoughts as more negative and more personally-significant exhibited scored higher on constructs associated with Depression and Trait Negative Affect, whereas those who characterized their thoughts as less specific scored higher on constructs linked to Rumination. In contrast, individuals who characterized their thoughts as more positive, less personally-significant, and more specific scored higher on constructs linked to improved wellbeing (Mindfulness. Collectively, these findings suggest that the content of people’s inner thoughts can 1 be productively examined, 2 be distilled into several major dimensions, and 3 account for a large portion of variability in their functional outcomes.

  7. Conscious and unconscious thought in risky choice: Testing the capacity principle and the appropriate weighting principle of Unconscious Thought Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathaniel James Siebert Ashby

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Daily we make decisions ranging from the mundane to the seemingly pivotal that shape our lives. Assuming rationality, all relevant information about one’s options should be thoroughly examined in order to make the best choice. However, some findings suggest that under specific circumstances thinking too much has disadvantageous effects on decision quality and that it might be best to let the unconscious do the busy work. In three studies we test the capacity assumption and the appropriate weighting principle of unconscious thought theory using a classic risky choice paradigm and including a ‘deliberation with information’ condition. Although we replicate an advantage for unconscious thought over ‘deliberation without information’, we find that ‘deliberation with information’ equals or outperforms unconscious thought in risky choices. These results speak against the generality of the assumption that unconscious thought has a higher capacity for information integration and show that this capacity assumption does not hold in all domains. We furthermore show that ‘deliberate thought with information’ leads to more differentiated knowledge compared to unconscious thought which speaks against the generality of the appropriate weighting assumption.

  8. Plagiarism as an illusional sense of authorship: the effect of predictability on source attribution of thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugimori, Eriko; Kitagami, Shinji

    2013-05-01

    Previous studies have shown that contextually high-predictability ideas are essential for one to sense the authorship of thoughts and that having the sense that one came up with an idea of one's own, instead of through hearing of another's idea, results in the feeling that one has output the ideas. In this study, we investigated the effects of an idea's predictability on the misattribution of another's thought to oneself. The participants were asked to write down two original ideas about how to use various objects while avoiding the duplication of another's ideas that had been presented beforehand in an input-output phase. In the monitoring phase (1 week and 1 month after the input-output phase), the participants were asked whether each idea had been generated by them, by another, or not generated at all. We found that a high-predictability idea is likely to be regarded with the notion "I generated the idea." This tendency increased with time, suggesting that participants were more likely to have a sense of authorship when high-predictability ideas were presented. We also discovered that they were more likely to conclude that the source of high-predictability ideas was the "Self." We discussed the results from the viewpoint of the participant's sense of agency as well.

  9. Reported Thought as a Stance-Taking Device in Korean Conversation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Mary Shin

    2014-01-01

    Analyses of 34 cases of direct reported thought found in ordinary Korean conversations illustrate a routine practice in the use of reported thought-reenacting a prior thought to demonstrate how the speaker's current stance originated. Often, such thoughts are not simply momentary, isolated thoughts in passing but are consequential thoughts…

  10. Post-Acute Home Care and Hospital Readmission of Elderly Patients with Congestive Heart Failure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hong; Morrow-Howell, Nancy; Proctor, Enola K.

    2004-01-01

    After inpatient hospitalization, many elderly patients with congestive heart failure (CHF) are discharged home and receive post-acute home care from informal (family) caregivers and formal service providers. Hospital readmission rates are high among elderly patients with CHF, and it is thought that use of informal and formal services may reduce…

  11. Loss of agency in apraxia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariella ePazzaglia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The feeling of acting voluntarily is a fundamental component of human behavior and social life and is usually accompanied by a sense of agency. However, this ability can be impaired in a number of diseases and disorders. An important example is apraxia, a disturbance traditionally defined as a disorder of voluntary skillful movements that often results from frontal-parietal brain damage. The first part of this article focuses on direct evidence of some core symptoms of apraxia, emphasizing those with connections to agency and free will. The loss of agency in apraxia is reflected in the monitoring of internally driven action, in the perception of specifically self-intended movements and in the neural intention to act. The second part presents an outline of the evidences supporting the functional and anatomical link between apraxia and agency. The available structural and functional results converge to reveal that the frontal–parietal network contributes to the sense of agency and its impairment in disorders such as apraxia. The current knowledge on the generation of motor intentions and action monitoring could potentially be applied to develop therapeutic strategies for the clinical rehabilitation of voluntary action.

  12. Hospital marketing revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, M M

    1987-05-01

    With more hospitals embracing the marketing function in their organizational management over the past decade, hospital marketing can no longer be considered a fad. However, a review of hospital marketing efforts as reported in the professional literature indicates that hospitals must pay greater attention to the marketing mix elements of service, price and distribution channels as their programs mature.

  13. Headache complaints and the risk of suicidal thoughts or behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woolley, Stephen B; Fredman, Lisa; Goethe, John W; Lincoln, Alisa K; Heeren, Timothy

    2008-11-01

    The association between severe headaches and suicidal thoughts or behaviors is generally attributed to underlying depression, but it is plausible that severe headaches can lead to suicidal thoughts/behaviors, independent of the effects of psychiatric conditions. This association has been observed in only 1 previous study. Our multivariate analysis examined the longitudinal association between severe headaches and development of suicidal thoughts/behaviors over a period of 1 to 2 years among 6832 community-dwelling adults interviewed during the Epidemiologic Catchment Area Study. Severe headaches were significantly associated with developing suicidal thoughts/behaviors after adjusting for psychiatric diagnoses and demographics [adjusted odds ratio (ORa) = 1.48; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.04, 2.11], or additionally adjusting for interaction between anxiety and depression (ORa = 1.52; 95% CI = 1.07, 2.16). These results suggest that individuals with severe headaches should be screened for suicidal thoughts/behaviors, irrespective of the presence of a psychiatric condition.

  14. Recording thoughts while memorizing music: a case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisboa, Tania; Chaffin, Roger; Demos, Alexander P

    2014-01-01

    Musicians generally believe that memory differs from one person to the next. As a result, memorizing strategies that could be useful to almost everyone are not widely taught. We describe how an 18-years old piano student (Grade 7, ABRSM), learned to memorize by recording her thoughts, a technique inspired by studies of how experienced soloists memorize. The student, who had previously ignored suggestions that she play from memory, decided to learn to memorize, selecting Schumann's "Der Dichter Spricht" for this purpose. Rather than explicitly teaching the student how to memorize, the teacher taught her to record her thoughts while playing by marking them on copies of the score, adapting an approach used previously in research with experienced performers. Over a 6½ week period, the student recorded her thoughts during practice (five times) and while performing from memory for the teacher (three times). The student also video-recorded 3 weeks of practice, three performances, and the reconstruction of the piece from memory after a 9½-weeks break. The thoughts that the student reported were prepared during practice, stable over time, and functioned as memory retrieval cues during reconstruction. This suggests that the student memorized in the same way as the more experienced musicians who have been studied previously and that teaching student musicians to record their thoughts may be an effective way to help them memorize. The speed and durability of her memorization surprised the student, inspiring her to perform in public and to use the same technique for new pieces.

  15. The Concept of Paleologic Thought According to Arieti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Carlos Melo

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The Aristotelic Logic, which is characterized by four laws, is commonly accepted as being representative of normal though, when considered in its formal aspect. Arieti defends the existence of another logic, one that he has designated "Paleological", which was dominant in human beings in the beginning of their evolution, and that also occurs in certain characteristics of infantile thought, as well as in the primary process (manner in which the unconscious operates. The same author considers that this logic, whoch is quiescent, emerges in schizophrenic thought, dominating and overlapping the Aristotelian logic. In order to escape from anguish, the shizophrenic patient abandons Aristotelian norms of thought and adopts the Paleological form, because by interpreting reality, in light of Aristotelian logic, it's felt to be threatening and unbearable. Finally, Arieti explains that the principles of Paleological thought don't explain the phenomenon dynamically, merely formally. The study of psychodinamic mechanisms reveals what and why (content and motivation, while the study of formal mechanims reveal how, thoughts and feelings are processed.

  16. 'Global' norms and 'local' agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Björkdahl, Annika; Gusic, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    This article explores how the 'liberal democratic peace package' is received in post-conflict spaces. As such, it is part of a critical peace research agenda that raises critical questions concerning the quality of peace in many post-conflict societies. A close reading of the peace-building process...... in post-conflict Kosovo provides the backdrop for the theoretical discussion that identifies friction in norm diffusion processes and the different agencies that are generated through encounters between global norms and local practices. We unpack the interplay between the 'global' and the 'local......' in peacebuilding and, through the lens of friction, we reveal the diverse and unequal encounters that produce new power relations. By foregrounding agency, we theorise different agentive subjects in the post-conflict setting, and map local agency from various segments of society that may localise, co-opt or reject...

  17. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...... to lower degrees of trust between contracting agencies and their parent ministry (2011: 795). Hence, there is no simple relationship between trust, dialogue, autonomy, control and performance in agencification in general or in the contractual relationships between departments and agencies in particular....... The ambition of this paper is to investigate the causal mechanism behind these complex relationships by investigating why and how the balancing of control, dialogue and autonomy in internal contracting in agencies leads to better performance? The research design in primarily explorative in the sense...

  18. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    , documentary and interview data. To measure the degree of performance as the degree of goal attainment, all agency contracts for 2008 as well as the subsequent ‘enterprise accounts’ defining the goal attainment have been collected. There were 62 agencies in 2008, 58 of which had a contract. Goal attainment...... is measured by linking each performance demand in each contract to the corresponding assessment in the enterprise accounts of whether the demand has been fulfilled, partly fulfilled or not fulfilled. The data on the experience of the contracting process were collected as the agency heads’ subjective......As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...

  19. Distinctive Contemporary Voice: Liberal Islam Thought in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giora Eliraz

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to turn attention to an intriguing stream of thought in the multi-faceted and plural Islamic discourse in Indonesia, a home to the largest Muslim community in the world. This stream of thought in Indonesia attempts to connect Islamic doctrine, belief, thinking and knowledge with basic liberal themes such as separation between religion and politics, pluralism, freedom of thought, democracy, progress, human rights, gender equality and interfaith dialogue. Similarly, it also seeks to reinterpret the formative sacred texts through liberal paradigm and through contemporary context.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v15i3.523

  20. Taming theory with thought experiments: Understanding and scientific progress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Michael T

    2016-08-01

    I claim that one way thought experiments contribute to scientific progress is by increasing scientific understanding. Understanding does not have a currently accepted characterization in the philosophical literature, but I argue that we already have ways to test for it. For instance, current pedagogical practice often requires that students demonstrate being in either or both of the following two states: 1) Having grasped the meaning of some relevant theory, concept, law or model, 2) Being able to apply that theory, concept, law or model fruitfully to new instances. Three thought experiments are presented which have been important historically in helping us pass these tests, and two others that cause us to fail. Then I use this operationalization of understanding to clarify the relationships between scientific thought experiments, the understanding they produce, and the progress they enable. I conclude that while no specific instance of understanding (thus conceived) is necessary for scientific progress, understanding in general is.

  1. Speculative Fictions for Understanding Global Change Environments: Two Thought Experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noel Gough

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of a thought experiment, as the term was used by quantum and relativity physicists in the early part of the twentieth century, was not prediction (as is the goal of classical experimental science, but more defensible representations of present ‘realities’. Speculative fictions, from Mary Shelley's Frankenstein to the Star Wars cinema saga, can be read as sociotechnical thought experiments that produce alternative representations of present circumstances and uncertainties, and anticipate and critique possible futures. In this essay I demonstrate how two examples of popular speculative fictions, Frank Herbert's Dune (1965 and Ursula Le Guin's The Telling (2000, function as thought experiments that problematise global transitions in their respective eras. I argue that critical readings of such stories can help us to anticipate, critique, and respond constructively to social and cultural changes and change environments within nation-states that constitute, and are constituted by, global change processes and their effects.

  2. Culture and global thought: Chinese international theory in the making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qin Yaqing

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article, the author examines the study of international relations in China, a discipline that has proliferated as the country has opened up to the rest of the world. He examines the three main trends of international thought that have become most widespread: the first, which the author calls the obverse approach, situates Chinese thought as the theoretical basis for considering a genuine worldism, thanks to traditional concepts such as Tianxia and Confucian family bonds. Secondly, there is the reverse approach, which applies Western theoretical paradigms to the concept of power in ancient Chinese thinkers; this is a theory that emphasises the hierarchy of the international system and seeks international Chinese dominance. Finally, the third is more interactive, and which constructs an intercultural, thoughtful and critical dialogue, at the same time as applying autochthonous conceptual frameworks such as Confucian relationism, and foreign ones, such as rationalism.

  3. A Review of the Language-Thought Debate: Multivariant Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parviz Birjandi

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent times, there has been a growing interest in analyzing the relationship between language and thought from a variety of points of view to explore whether language comes before thought or thought precedes language. Accordingly, the present paper attempts at mulling over the current debates on this issue, including Chomsky’s (1975, 1983 Independent Theory, the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis (1956, Piaget’s Cognitive Determinism (1952, as cited in, Chaput, 2001, Vygotsky’s (1978, 1986 Theory of Interchanging Roles, O’brien and Opie’s (2002 Radical Connectionism, and Slobin’s (1987, 1991, 2003 Thinking for Speaking Hypothesis, which recently have received a great amount of attention, among other positions. Then the pedagogical implications of the Thinking for Speaking Hypothesis for Second Language Acquisition (SLA are presented.

  4. Gendering agency in transitional justice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Björkdahl, Annika; Selimovic, Johanna Mannergren

    2015-01-01

    . To address this lacuna we conceptualize and unpack the meaning of gendered agency, by identifying its critical elements and by locating it in space and in time. The conceptual work that we undertake is underpinned by empirical mapping of the transitional justice spaces in post-conflict Bosnia....... Such research enables us to engage with the subjects of post-conflict peacebuilding and transitional justice processes directly and in their own spaces. This article thus renders women’s agency visible and attempts to grasp its contributions and consequences for transformations from war to peace....

  5. Agency-Hired Hotel Housekeepers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanon, Marie-Anne V.

    2014-01-01

    Hotel housekeepers experience unique workplace hazards and characteristics that increase their risks for poor health outcomes. Today’s agency-hiring practices may further marginalize hotel housekeepers and negatively impact their health. Yet the impact of such hiring practices on the health of this vulnerable worker group remains unexplored. This article presents the debate regarding agency-hiring practices and how these practices may influence the health and well-being of hotel housekeepers. Implications for occupational health nurses are also discussed. PMID:24512722

  6. How semantic deficits in schizotypy help understand language and thought disorders in schizophrenia: a systematic and integrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélio Anderson Tonelli

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Disorders of thought are psychopathological phenomena commonly present in schizophrenia and seem to result from deficits of semantic processing. Schizotypal personality traits consist of tendencies to think and behave that are qualitatively similar to schizophrenia, with greater vulnerability to such disorder. This study reviewed the literature about semantic processing deficits in samples of individuals with schizotypal traits and discussed the impact of current knowledge upon the comprehension of schizophrenic thought disorders. Studies about the cognitive performance of healthy individuals with schizotypal traits help understand the semantic deficits underlying psychotic thought disorders with the advantage of avoiding confounding factors usually found in samples of individuals with schizophrenia, such as the use of antipsychotics and hospitalizations. Methods: A search for articles published in Portuguese or English within the last 10 years on the databases MEDLINE, Web of Science, PsycInfo, LILACS and Biological Abstracts was conducted, using the keywords semantic processing, schizotypy and schizotypal personality disorder. Results: The search retrieved 44 manuscripts, out of which 11 were firstly chosen. Seven manuscripts were additionally included after reading these papers. Conclusion: The great majority of the included studies showed that schizotypal subjects might exhibit semantic processing deficits. They help clarify about the interfaces between cognitive, neurophysiological and neurochemical mechanisms underlying not only thought disorders, but also healthy human mind's creativity.

  7. The economic thought of José Calvo Sotelo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro PRIETO MAZAIRA

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The Spanish conservative politician José Calvo Sotelo was a finance minister during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and one of the main right-wing political figures of the monarchy of Alfonso XIII during the Second Spanish Republic. Through his discourses and essays he developed an economic thought integrating nationalistic and interventionist postulates and a solid defense of private property and austerity, his main goal being to guarantee the independence of the Spanish economy. Some of his thoughts are a subject for debate in today’s crisis.

  8. Intense suicidal thoughts and self-harm following escitalopram treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farooq Khan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available In a minority of depressed patients, treatment with an antidepressant drug appears to initiate intense suicidal thoughts and actions. We describe this phenomenon in a 52-year-old woman treated with escitalopram. She did not experience this when treated with six other antidepressants, which were not Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors. Clinicians need to warn patients and their relatives of the risk that intense suicidal thoughts may develop after an antidepressant drug is started and encourage them to seek help immediately should this occur.

  9. Old Dad Chiro: his thoughts, words, and deeds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Myron D.

    2010-01-01

    Objective This article offers the author's opinions about some of the thoughts, words, and deeds of the profession's founder, Daniel David Palmer. Discussion Reviewing D.D. Palmer's writings is challenging because he was the discoverer and founder of a developing profession and therefore his thoughts and words were rapidly evolving. Statements made by Palmer without judicious consideration of context could easily be misunderstood. Conclusion D.D. Palmer was individualistic and enigmatic. This commentary provides a look at the whole in an attempt to reveal the character and spirit of the founder. PMID:22693470

  10. Implementation of a competency assessment tool for agency nurses working in an acute paediatric setting.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Hennerby, Cathy

    2012-02-01

    AIM: This paper reports on the implementation of a competency assessment tool for registered general agency nurses working in an acute paediatric setting, using a change management framework. BACKGROUND: The increased number of registered general agency nurses working in an acute children\\'s hospital alerted concerns around their competency in working with children. These concerns were initially raised via informal complaints about \\'near misses\\

  11. The realities and medical expense of hospitalization that originates in outpatient medicine treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koinuma, Masayoshi; Yamanashi, Takahisa; Kamei, Miwako; Shiragami, Makoto

    2006-05-01

    Problems associated with outpatient pharmacotherapy may require hospitalization. However, such hospitalization may be prevented if pharmacist's pharmaceutical care (PC) is given. We investigated the reasons for hospitalization in medical institutions and medical expenses were calculated. Inpatient diagnoses, treatment, etc. in the previous year in the past were examined, and cases of hospitalization due to drug therapy were extracted. Next, the possibility of preventing hospitalization with PC practice was examined. Among 1552 cases, outpatient pharmacotherapy was the reason for hospitalization in 27 cases. Noncompliance was the underlying cause in about 40% of hospitalizations. It was thought that in 22 cases hospitalization could have been prevented by pharmacist's PC. The average hospitalization medical expense was 295,805 yen per patient. It is necessary to perform regular consultation recommendations, interventions with the family, home care, etc. for proactive PC.

  12. 5 CFR 330.602 - Agency plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PLACEMENT (GENERAL) Agency Career Transition Assistance Plans (CTAP) for Local Surplus and Displaced Employees § 330.602 Agency plans. (a) Each agency will establish a Career Transition Assistance Plan (CTAP.... An agency plan will include: (1) Policies to provide career transition services to all surplus...

  13. 14 CFR 1262.308 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency review. 1262.308 Section 1262.308... PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 1262.308 Agency review. (a) Within 30 calendar days of... applicant or agency counsel may seek Agency review of the decision; or, the NASA Administrator, upon...

  14. 40 CFR 166.25 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agency review. 166.25 Section 166.25... Health Exemptions § 166.25 Agency review. (a) General. The Agency will review all requests as... is needed. The Agency will review the application and other available data necessary to make...

  15. Epistemological Agency in the Workplace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Raymond

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to report and discuss research that sought to explore how the individually purposeful nature of new employee workplace learning might be understood through its conception as epistemological agency, that is, the personally mediated construction of knowledge. Design/methodology/approach: Using a sociocultural…

  16. Mediation of agency in teamwork

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ajslev, Jeppe Zielinski Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    In this contribution we examine the potentials of the construction gang as a frame for collegial handling of physical strain and pain in work. On a framework viewing social inclusion and a positive professional identity as dependent on the display of meaningful agency within the gang (team), we e...

  17. Influencing the sense of agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Damen, T.G.E.

    2015-01-01

    One of the most exciting aspects of human consciousness is the sensation that we cause actions and that we are personally involved in the direct consequences those actions have. This sensation, also known as agency, is of great importance to the way we perceive the world and to the way we see oursel

  18. Agency is Distinct from Autonomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Cummins

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Both autonomy and agency play central roles in the emerging enactive vocabulary. Although some treat these concepts as practically synonymous, others have sought to be more explicit about the conditions required for agency over and above autonomy. I attempt to be self-conscious about the role of the observer (or scientist in such discussions, and emphasise that the concept of agency, in particular, is deeply entwined with the nature of the observer and the framing of the observation. This is probably well known to enactivists, but runs the risk of being badly misunderstood if it is not made explicit. A heightened awareness of the role of the observer in the attribution of agency may allow us to make advances in questions in which progress is hindered by assuming a single split between subject and object. I argue that human experience is characterized by our embedding in webs of meaning arising from our participation in systems of many sorts, and that this richness demands a corresponding lightness of touch with respect to the identification of agentive subjects.

  19. Harry Potter: Agency or Addiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Alice

    2010-01-01

    This article considers limitations on agency for characters in the Harry Potter novels, in particular, how far they are driven by an addictive yearning for their beloved dead. As well as Harry's yearning for his dead parents, Dumbledore's guilt, Snape's longing and Slughorn's craving can be read as evidence of addiction rather than love, while the…

  20. Harry Potter: Agency or Addiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Alice

    2010-01-01

    This article considers limitations on agency for characters in the Harry Potter novels, in particular, how far they are driven by an addictive yearning for their beloved dead. As well as Harry's yearning for his dead parents, Dumbledore's guilt, Snape's longing and Slughorn's craving can be read as evidence of addiction rather than love, while the…

  1. harnessing intellectual property for development: some thoughts on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    10332324

    Thirdly, the relationship between IP law and economic development and the role IP ... rankings.24 In contrast, Brazil, Russia, India and China have weaker IP systems ...... South African Government News Agency 2013 www.sanews.gov.za.

  2. Mirror neurons and embodied simulation in the development of archetypes and self-agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Jean

    2009-06-01

    In this paper I explore the role of mirror neurons and motor intentionality in the development of self-agency. I suggest that this will also give us a firmer basis for an emergent view of archetypes, as key components in the development trajectory of self-agency, from its foundation in bodily action to its mature expression in mentalization and a conscious awareness of intentionality. I offer some ideas about the implications of these issues of self-agency for our clinical work with patients whose developmental trajectory of self-agency has been partially inhibited, so that their communications have a coercive effect. I discuss the possibility that this kind of clinical phenomenon may relate to Gallese and Lakoff's hypothesis that abstract thought and imagination are forms of simulated action, and that the same sensory-motor circuits that control action also control imagination, concept formation and understanding, but with a crucial development, that of an inhibition of the connections between secondary pre-motor cortical areas and the primary motor cortex. I shall speculate that in the earlier developmental stages of self-agency, the separation of secondary from primary motor areas is not complete, so that imagination and thought are not entirely independent of physical action.

  3. Hospitable Classrooms: Biblical Hospitality and Inclusive Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, David W.

    2011-01-01

    This paper contributes to a Christian hermeneutic of special education by suggesting the biblical concept of hospitality as a necessary characteristic of classroom and school environments in which students with disabilities and other marginalized students can be effectively incorporated into the body of the classroom. Christian hospitality, seen…

  4. Measuring negative and positive thoughts in children: an adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS)

    OpenAIRE

    Hogendoorn, S.M.; Wolters, L.H.; Vervoort, L.; Prins, P.J.M.; Boer, F.; Van der Kooij, E.; Haan, E

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents. However, positive thoughts also play a major role in childhood disorders such as anxiety and depression. Therefore, positive self-statements were added to the CATS. The CATS-N/P was administered to a c...

  5. [Uphold and develop Mao Zedong's thoughts on population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, J

    1984-03-29

    Mao Zedong's thoughts on population were based upon the positions, viewpoints, methods, and basic theory of Marxism, with some adjustments made according to China's practical situation. The population theory of Marxism was developed and used with creative elements. Mao Zedong's thoughts on population can be summarized in three points: (1) An understanding of China's backwar economy and culture and their relationship to overpopulation. There is an urgent need to solve the population problem. (2) An understanding of the close relationship between material production and the reproduction of human beings themselves. A balance between the two should be achieved. (3) Family planning should be practiced so that population growth may be put under control. Under the leadership of Deng Xiaoping, the Party's Central Committee has reconfirmed and developed Mao Zedong's population thoughts in various important official documents and writings. In such new writings, special emphasis is placed on the fact that with limited arable land, China has to plan its population growth and that family planning should be made part of the national policy. With ideological education serving as a foundation, special administrative actions and economic measures should be taken to motivate and transform the general public. Mao Zedong's thoughts on population and related new developments represent the crystallization of the Party's collective wisdom.

  6. Fragments of the organic metaphor in modern political thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel J. García López

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the survival of the organic metaphor in the beginning of Modernity, against the Bobbio’thesis: the organicism disappears with Modernity. From the thought of Hobbes, Rousseau, Beccaria and Sieyès, we show the connection between the old metaphor and the modern immune paradigm.

  7. Deafness, Thought Bubbles, and Theory-of-Mind Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wellman, Henry M.; Peterson, Candida C.

    2013-01-01

    The processes and mechanisms of theory-of-mind development were examined via a training study of false-belief conceptions in deaf children of hearing parents (N = 43). In comparison to 2 different control conditions, training based on thought-bubble instruction about beliefs was linked with improved false-belief understanding as well as progress…

  8. Thought Stopping And Covert Assertion In The Treatment Of Phobias

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimm, David C.

    1973-01-01

    The present paper describes a method combining thought stopping and covert assertion and reports its application in six case histories the majority of which would usually be classified as phobic rather than obsessional. The paper reports successful followups. (Author/LA)

  9. Confucius as a Critical Educator: Towards Educational Thoughts of Confucius

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Juanjuan

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a cross-cultural comparative study in education philosophy. A comparative and philosophical approach is used to interpret texts from the Analects of Confucius and to find connections with ideas of critical educators. In comparing Confucius' educational thought with that of Paulo Freire, John Dewey and other theorists in critical…

  10. Sexism in Political Thought and Its Refutation: A Schematic Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Siegrun F.

    The document examines Western political thought in terms of women's and men's expected spheres of concern, the proper male and female nature, and the sex-specific allocation of social values. In addition, the author applies her conclusions to contemporary political issues in the United States. Aristotle, Cicero, Aquinas, Rousseau, and Hegel made a…

  11. Thought Control Training as a Treatment for Insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribordy, Sheila C.

    College students with difficulty falling asleep were treated with either progressive relaxation, systematic desensitization, or a thought control procedure. All three treatment groups showed significant lower latency to sleep onset times than a waiting-list control group at the end of the three-week treatment period. A three-week followup revealed…

  12. Wisdom, Knowledge, Contemplation: India in the History of European Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xicoténcatl Martínez Ruiz

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The intellectual tradition of India not always has been taken into account as a full recognized speaker in the European history of ideas. Especially for the European thought, the problem is premised by the common idea which considers Indian thought as non-systematic and without a textual corpus characterized by non-European identity. One of Schopenhauer’s merits was to think about the Indian intellectual tradition as integral piece of the universal history of thought. The purpose of this paper is to explore this parallel between Indian Philosophy and Western Philosophy by the key contention to rethink India into the universal history of ideas. To do so the task is focused on suggestions to contemporary problems by taking as a point of departure the work of two thinkers: Arthur Schopenhauer (19th century and Rabindranath Tagore (20th century. To start with the analysis the following questions must be addressed. How the encounters and interpretations of Indian thought made by European thinkers should be understood? Can we talk about conjunctions relating both traditions, Europe and India? Can we locate a comparative method as a guide of this comparative exercise?

  13. Thought Recognition, Locus of Control, and Adolescent Well-Being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, Thomas M.; Stack, Steven A.

    2000-01-01

    Reviews the underlying assumptions and principles of a new psychological paradigm, Psychology of Mind/Health Realization (POM/HR). Thought recognition is compared with locus of control (LOC). The relationship of LOC to self-reported happiness and satisfaction is examined from the perspective of POM/HR, using a sample of at-risk adolescents…

  14. Sexism in Political Thought and Its Refutation: A Schematic Overview.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fox, Siegrun F.

    The document examines Western political thought in terms of women's and men's expected spheres of concern, the proper male and female nature, and the sex-specific allocation of social values. In addition, the author applies her conclusions to contemporary political issues in the United States. Aristotle, Cicero, Aquinas, Rousseau, and Hegel made a…

  15. Modern human settlement in East Asia earlier than thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ Tracing through human migration history with the help of genes, Dr. SU Bing and coworkers from the CAS Kunming Institute of Zoology (KIZ) lately revealed the evidence of a much earlier modem human settlement in East Asia than people previously thought.

  16. Sustainable Development: New Thoughts, New Policy, New Law?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kistenkas, F.H.

    2015-01-01

    New thoughts and new policy on sustainable development have been brought forward and widely discussed and accepted, but law is still lagging behind. This paper aims to fill up that gap and tries to put some new light on how legislation and jurisprudence could meet up with modern sustainability insig

  17. Where creativity resides: The generative power of unconscious thought

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijksterhuis, A.J.; Meurs, T.

    2006-01-01

    In three experiments, the relation between different modes of thought and the generation of "creative" and original ideas was investigated. Participants were asked to generate items according to a specific instruction (e.g., generate place names starting with an "A"). They either did so immediately

  18. Feeding Health: Thoughts on Healthy Food for a Healthy Planet

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2009-08-19

    In this podcast, Food Rules author Michael Pollan discusses American food culture and gives his thoughts on how food can impact human and environmental health.  Created: 8/19/2009 by National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Office of Sustainability.   Date Released: 4/15/2010.

  19. The Parameters of "Social Thought on Alcoholism": Some Comments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, Thomas D.

    1991-01-01

    Comments on extending the parameters of the subject of social thought on alcoholism. Maintains that this subject is a vast intellectual, professional, and societal terrain. Suggests use of appropriate, sophisticated, comprehensive research methodologies with which to understand the issue of alcohol and alcoholism in society. (PVV)

  20. Children's Developing Awareness of Diversity in People's Trains of Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisbach, Anne O'Donnell

    2004-01-01

    This research explored the development of one insight about the mind, namely, the belief that people's trains of thought differ even when they see the same stimulus. In Study 1, 5-year-olds, 9-year-olds, and adults heard stories about characters who saw the same object. Although the older groups predicted the object would trigger different trains…

  1. Association Between Psychotic Experiences and Subsequent Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bromet, Evelyn J; Nock, Matthew K; Saha, Sukanta

    2017-01-01

    Importance: Community-based studies have linked psychotic experiences (PEs) with increased risks of suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs). However, it is not known if these associations vary across the life course or if mental disorders contribute to these associations. Objective: To examine the...

  2. Sound Not Light: Levinas and the Elements of Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Emma; Standish, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Can Levinas' thought of the other be extended beyond the relation to the other human being? This article seeks to demonstrate that Levinas' philosophy can indeed be read in such a sense and that this serves to open up a new way of understanding human thinking. Key to understanding such an extension of Levinas' philosophy will be his account of the…

  3. Embodiment, Social Praxis and Environmental Education: Some Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grange, Lesley Le

    2004-01-01

    The body has been neglected and devalued in Western philosophy. This neglect and devaluation of the body is rooted in dualistic reasoning that has its origin in Greek philosophical thought, and reinforced by philosophers of science during the scientific revolution of 17th century Europe. Dualistic reasoning is in part the cause of current global…

  4. An Outsider's Ethnographic Thoughts about Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agar, Michael

    2014-01-01

    This article gives Michael Agar's email responses to two questions put by Gavin Melles: "What are your thoughts on the advantages and dangers of developments in applied anthropology for ethnographic and anthropology practice?" and "What are your impressions of the potential and actual use of ethnography in design?" The…

  5. Philosophy and Theology in Martin Heidegger’s Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Kordic

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available The relation between philosophy and theology in Martin Heidegger’s thought is multilayered and tense. On the one hand, he admits that his theological origin, i.e. his Christian-Catholic rootedness, determines the direction of his thought, while on the other hand, he has been fighting against theology that is too much tinted with philosophy. At the same time, he opposes that his thought be called theistic or atheistic. In the analytic of Dasein he wants to create assumptions that would enable him to talk about God, gods or divine in general. This brings him close to mysticism, and even more so to mythology, which is revealed in his interpretation of Hölderlin. Nietzsche’s talk about God’s death helps him in this context. However, neither with Nietzsche nor with Heidegger does this death look like real death. Both thinkers hold that death strikes that God who has in philosophy and theology been made a being. After the thinking of the Being had thrown light upon their thought, God of Biblical theology and above all God whose coming is expected according to Heidegger cannot be left to death, because he evades human comprehension, especially one in the form of philosophy and theology.

  6. Color, Temperature and Heat: Exploring University Students Mental Thoughts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canlas, Ian Phil

    2016-01-01

    Color, temperature and heat are among the concepts in science that are interconnected. These concepts are introduced to learners even before they enter the basic education. On the other hand, in school, it is formally introduced to them not only in science but also in the humanities. The foregoing study attempted to explore the mental thoughts of…

  7. Deafness, Thought Bubbles, and Theory-of-Mind Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wellman, Henry M.; Peterson, Candida C.

    2013-01-01

    The processes and mechanisms of theory-of-mind development were examined via a training study of false-belief conceptions in deaf children of hearing parents (N = 43). In comparison to 2 different control conditions, training based on thought-bubble instruction about beliefs was linked with improved false-belief understanding as well as progress…

  8. Iranian Orientalism : notions of the other in modern Iranian thought

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alsulami, Mohammed S.H.

    2014-01-01

    The study addresses and explains the issue of negative descriptions of the Arab Other in modern Iranian thought. It attempts to understand and illustrate what the notion of the Arab means for Iranians and how Arabs are portrayed and by examining how they depicted, It describes why they depicted in m

  9. Asperger syndrome, violent thoughts and clinically isolated syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanderbruggen, N; Van Geit, N; Bissay, V; Zeeuws, D; Santermans, L; Baeken, C

    2010-12-01

    A young man, 23 years old, with a clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), presented violent thoughts during a neurological consultation. He was diagnosed with Asperger Syndrome based on a psychiatric and (neuro)psychological examination. Possible risk factors for acting-out and the implications for treatment, if CIS would evolve to MS, are discussed based on a review of the literature.

  10. Boundaries of regulatory fit: Is it the thought that counts?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leikas, S.; Lindeman, M.; Roininen, K.

    2009-01-01

    The feeling of regulatory fit is thought to arise from the right kind of goal pursuit, but some studies imply that it may be evoked even by lesser involvement in the right kind of strategies. The present experiment explored the minimum of involvement necessary to evoke regulatory fit. Participant...

  11. The Relationship Between Lateral Dominance and Divergent Cognitive Thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Barbara B.

    This study was designed to explore the relationship of lateral dominance to divergent cognitive thought. According to the screening results of the Harris Tests of Lateral Dominance, 36 subjects ranging from 9-12 years were divided equally into three groups of left, right, and mixed lateral dominance. In order to measure divergent cognitive…

  12. A Study of Thoughtful Literacy and the Motivation to Read

    Science.gov (United States)

    Applegate, Anthony J.; Applegate, Mary DeKonty

    2010-01-01

    This study examined the motivation to read of children in grades two through six. All children in the study were strong in their literal comprehension of narrative text. Some were equally strong in their ability to respond thoughtfully to the text (Blue Group); others struggled to respond to questions requiring them to think about the implications…

  13. Sex, Lies, and Residence Life: Delaware's Thought Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kissel, Adam

    2009-01-01

    The University of Delaware has a zero-tolerance policy for anything remotely resembling "hate speech." As such, the school implemented a mandatory training for all 7,000-odd students in its dorms. The sessions were part of a thorough thought-reform curriculum, designed by the school's Office of Residence Life, psychologically to…

  14. [Oniric images as illusory appearances in Greek ancient thought].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavini, Walter

    2009-01-01

    This essay traces the history of 'oniric images' as phantasmata in the Greek ancient thought from Homer to Stoicism. The author will follow the indications furnished by the concept of 'oniric deceit', i.e., phantasma as illusory appearance hiding to the sleeper its own deceitful nature.

  15. The Self-help Online against Suicidal thoughts (SOS) trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mühlmann, Charlotte; Madsen, Trine; Hjorthøj, Carsten Rygaard

    2017-01-01

    is a partial replication of a previously conducted Dutch trial. METHODS AND DESIGN: A randomized, waiting-list controlled trial with 1:1 allocation ratio will be carried out. A total of 438 people with suicidal thoughts will be recruited from the Danish suicide hotline, The Lifeline's, website and allocated...

  16. Managed land settlement process: "Thought piece" on basic services

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This thought piece is deliberately about issues and principles, rather than about setting out a step-by-step process for the planning and provision of services. What is important - and needs to be fully understood - are these issues and principles...

  17. Indigenous Thought, Appropriation, and Non-Aboriginal People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haig-Brown, Celia

    2010-01-01

    In this article, I explore the question, "What is the relationship between appropriation of Indigenous thought and what might be called "deep learning" based in years of education in Indigenous contexts." Beginning with an examination of meanings ascribed to cultural appropriation, I bring texts from Gee on secondary…

  18. On the Modern Destiny of the Yongjia School of Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ChenAnjin,; ZhuShida; DavidKelly

    2004-01-01

    In reign of Emperor Daoguang of the Qing Dynasty (1821-1862), a group of intellectuals of Wenzhou as represented by Sun Xidan, Sun Kengming, Sun Yiyan, Sun Yirang, Chen Fuchen, Chen Qiu and Song Shu tried to make use of the cultural resources of the Yongjia school of thought and practice,

  19. Tools of Thought: Designing an Integrated Curriculum for Lifelong Learners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Root-Bernstein, Robert S.

    1987-01-01

    It is suggested that most successful creators are polymaths, and that polymathy is essential to their creativity. This necessitates reintegrating the curriculum, emphasizing the arts and literature as equal to the sciences. The development of a common body of "tools of thought" applicable to a range of disciplines is proposed. (Author/KM)

  20. Sound Not Light: Levinas and the Elements of Thought

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Emma; Standish, Paul

    2016-01-01

    Can Levinas' thought of the other be extended beyond the relation to the other human being? This article seeks to demonstrate that Levinas' philosophy can indeed be read in such a sense and that this serves to open up a new way of understanding human thinking. Key to understanding such an extension of Levinas' philosophy will be his account of the…

  1. The application of hospitality elements in hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Ziqi; Robson, Stephani; Hollis, Brooke

    2013-01-01

    In the last decade, many hospital designs have taken inspiration from hotels, spurred by factors such as increased patient and family expectations and regulatory or financial incentives. Increasingly, research evidence suggests the value of enhancing the physical environment to foster healing and drive consumer decisions and perceptions of service quality. Although interest is increasing in the broader applicability of numerous hospitality concepts to the healthcare field, the focus of this article is design innovations, and the services that such innovations support, from the hospitality industry. To identify physical hotel design elements and associated operational features that have been used in the healthcare arena, a series of interviews with hospital and hotel design experts were conducted. Current examples and suggestions for future hospitality elements were also sought from the experts, academic journals, and news articles. Hospitality elements applied in existing hospitals that are addressed in this article include hotel-like rooms and decor; actual hotels incorporated into medical centers; hotel-quality food, room service, and dining facilities for families; welcoming lobbies and common spaces; hospitality-oriented customer service training; enhanced service offerings, including concierges; spas or therapy centers; hotel-style signage and way-finding tools; and entertainment features. Selected elements that have potential for future incorporation include executive lounges and/or communal lobbies with complimentary wireless Internet and refreshments, centralized controls for patients, and flexible furniture. Although the findings from this study underscore the need for more hospitality-like environments in hospitals, the investment decisions made by healthcare executives must be balanced with cost-effectiveness and the assurance that clinical excellence remains the top priority.

  2. Recording thoughts while memorizing music: a case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lisboa, Tania; Chaffin, Roger; Demos, Alexander P.

    2015-01-01

    Musicians generally believe that memory differs from one person to the next. As a result, memorizing strategies that could be useful to almost everyone are not widely taught. We describe how an 18-years old piano student (Grade 7, ABRSM), learned to memorize by recording her thoughts, a technique inspired by studies of how experienced soloists memorize. The student, who had previously ignored suggestions that she play from memory, decided to learn to memorize, selecting Schumann’s “Der Dichter Spricht” for this purpose. Rather than explicitly teaching the student how to memorize, the teacher taught her to record her thoughts while playing by marking them on copies of the score, adapting an approach used previously in research with experienced performers. Over a 6½ week period, the student recorded her thoughts during practice (five times) and while performing from memory for the teacher (three times). The student also video-recorded 3 weeks of practice, three performances, and the reconstruction of the piece from memory after a 9½-weeks break. The thoughts that the student reported were prepared during practice, stable over time, and functioned as memory retrieval cues during reconstruction. This suggests that the student memorized in the same way as the more experienced musicians who have been studied previously and that teaching student musicians to record their thoughts may be an effective way to help them memorize. The speed and durability of her memorization surprised the student, inspiring her to perform in public and to use the same technique for new pieces. PMID:25667574

  3. Recording thoughts while memorizing music: A case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania eLisboa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Musicians generally believe that memory differs from one person to the next. As a result, memorizing strategies that could be useful to almost everyone are not widely taught. We describe how an 18-year old piano student (Grade 7, ABRSM, learned to memorize by recording her thoughts, a technique inspired by studies of how experienced soloists memorize. The student, who had previously ignored suggestions that she play from memory, decided to learn to memorize, selecting Schumann’s Der Dichter Spricht for this purpose. Rather than explicitly teaching the student how to memorize, the teacher taught her to record her thoughts while playing by marking them on copies of the score, adapting an approach used previously in research with experienced performers. Over a 6½ week period, the student recorded her thoughts during practice (5 times and while performing from memory for the teacher (3 times. The student also video-recorded three weeks of practice, three performances, and the reconstruction of the piece from memory after a 9½-weeks break. The thoughts that the student reported were prepared during practice, stable over time, and functioned as memory retrieval cues during reconstruction. This suggests that the student memorized in the same way as the more experienced musicians who have been studied previously and that teaching student musicians to record their thoughts may be an effective way to help them memorize. The speed and durability of her memorization surprised the student, inspiring her to perform in public and to use the same technique for new pieces.

  4. Temporary agency work, migration and the crisis in Greece: labour market segmentation intensified

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    This article focuses on the under-researched temporary agency employment in Greece. It shows that the development of the temporary employment agency sector has gone hand in hand with the flow of undocumented and exploitable migrant labour in Greece over the past 25 years, reflecting the segmentation of the Greek labour market along ethnic lines. Using empirical research evidence on the operation of temporary employment agencies in the Greek hospitality and health care sectors, the article highlights the precarious or even illicit nature of agency employment in a context in which labour outsourcing and flexible employment are promoted by policy-makers. Last but not least, it suggests that the segmented landscape of the Greek labour market has become more complex during the economic crisis, with more and more Greeks drawn to agency-mediated precarious employment. PMID:27499601

  5. Temporary agency work, migration and the crisis in Greece: labour market segmentation intensified.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maroukis, Thanos

    2016-05-01

    This article focuses on the under-researched temporary agency employment in Greece. It shows that the development of the temporary employment agency sector has gone hand in hand with the flow of undocumented and exploitable migrant labour in Greece over the past 25 years, reflecting the segmentation of the Greek labour market along ethnic lines. Using empirical research evidence on the operation of temporary employment agencies in the Greek hospitality and health care sectors, the article highlights the precarious or even illicit nature of agency employment in a context in which labour outsourcing and flexible employment are promoted by policy-makers. Last but not least, it suggests that the segmented landscape of the Greek labour market has become more complex during the economic crisis, with more and more Greeks drawn to agency-mediated precarious employment.

  6. The Hospitable Meal Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Overgaard, Svend Skafte

    2017-01-01

    This article presents an analytical model that aims to conceptualize how meal experiences are framed when taking into account a dynamic understanding of hospitality: the meal model is named The Hospitable Meal Model. The idea behind The Hospitable Meal Model is to present a conceptual model...... that can serve as a frame for developing hospitable meal competencies among professionals working within the area of institutional foodservices as well as a conceptual model for analysing meal experiences. The Hospitable Meal Model transcends and transforms existing meal models by presenting a more open......-ended approach towards meal experiences. The underlying purpose of The Hospitable Meal Model is to provide the basis for creating value for the individuals involved in institutional meal services. The Hospitable Meal Model was developed on the basis of an empirical study on hospital meal experiences explored...

  7. Staph infections - hospital

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000449.htm Staph infections - hospital To use the sharing features on this page, ... one person to another. Staph Infections in the Hospital Staph germs are mostly spread by skin-to- ...

  8. Hospital Compare - Archived Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Compare is a consumer-oriented website that provides information on how well hospitals provide recommended care to their patients. This information can help...

  9. HCAHPS Hospital Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) Hospital Survey The intent of the HCAHPS initiative is to provide a standardized survey...

  10. Gaining access to agency and structure in industrial marketing theory : a critical pluralist approach.

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholson, John; Brennan, Ross; Midgley, Gerald

    2014-01-01

    This article is concerned with gaining greater insight into the interplay between agency and structure in industrial marketing (IM) scholarship. The article’s intent is to embed Midgley’s notion of critical pluralism within this endeavour. The article commends the movement towards increased deployment of critical realism, but cautions against the dangers of creating further atomism in marketing theory by generating another paradigm of thought with strongly defended boundaries, impervious to o...

  11. Book review: Gender, agency and political violence:\\ud rethinking political violence

    OpenAIRE

    O'Branski, Megan

    2013-01-01

    Considering the conditions, maintenance, and interpretation of political violence, the authors contributing to Gender, Agency and Political Violence analyse the multiple ways in which acts of violence, strategies of resistance, and efforts at conflict resolution are gendered. Featuring chapters on emotion and masculinity alongside The Troubles, and the political rationality of female suicide bombers, Megan O’Branski finds an intriguing and thoughtful contribution to critical theory scholarshi...

  12. Average Rate of Heat-Related Hospitalizations in 23 States, 2001-2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This map shows the 2001–2010 average rate of hospitalizations classified as “heat-related” by medical professionals in 23 states that participate in CDC’s...

  13. Financial ratios: clues to the big picture of a hospital's fiscal health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, R B

    1990-03-01

    With trustees, investors, regulatory agencies, and others paying close attention to hospital finances, healthcare financial managers must detect problems before they grow out of control. Liquidity, capital structure, activity, and profitability ratios can provide pieces to the puzzle.

  14. Occurrence of Opportunistic Pathogens Legionella pneumophila and non-tuberculous mycobacteria in hospital plumbing systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Occurrence of Opportunistic Pathogens Legionella pneumophila and non-tuberculous mycobacteria in hospital plumbing systems Jill Hoelle, Michael Coughlin, Elizabeth Sotkiewicz, Jingrang Lu, Stacy Pfaller, Mark Rodgers, and Hodon Ryu U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati...

  15. Hospital responses to pay-for-performance incentives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reiter, Kristin L; Nahra, Tammie A; Alexander, Jeffrey A; Wheeler, John R C

    2006-05-01

    Not-for-profit hospitals are complex organizations and, therefore, may face unique challenges in responding to financial incentives for quality. In this research, we explore the types of behavioural changes made by not-for-profit Michigan hospitals in response to a pay-for-performance system for quality. We also identify factors that motivate or facilitate changes in effort. We apply a conceptual framework based on agency theory to motivate our research questions. Using data derived from structured interviews and surveys administered to 86 hospitals participating in a pay-for-performance system, we compare hospitals reporting and not reporting behavioural changes. Separate analyses are performed for hospitals reporting structure-related changes and hospitals reporting process-related changes. Our findings confirm that hospitals respond to incentive payments; however, our findings also reveal that hospital responses are not universal. Rather, involvement by boards of trustees, willingness to exert leverage with physicians, and financial and competitive motivations are all associated with hospitals' behavioural responses to incentives. Results of this research will help inform payers and hospital managers considering the use of incentives about the nature of hospitals' responses.

  16. Measuring negative and positive thoughts in children: an adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hogendoorn, S.M.; Wolters, L.H.; Vervoort, L.; Prins, P.J.M.; Boer, F.; van der Kooij, E.; de Haan, E.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents. Howe

  17. Measuring negative and positive thoughts in children: an adaptation of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hogendoorn, S.M.; Wolters, L.H.; Vervoort, L.; Prins, P.J.M.; Boer, F.; van der Kooij, E.; de Haan, E.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study is to describe the factor structure and psychometric properties of an extended version of the Children’s Automatic Thoughts Scale (CATS), the CATS-Negative/Positive (CATS-N/P). The CATS was originally designed to assess negative self-statements in children and adolescents.

  18. Innovative designs for the smart ICU: part 1: from initial thoughts to occupancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, Neil A

    2014-02-01

    Designing a smart ICU is a time-consuming, complex, multiphased, political, and costly exercise. This process begins with two notions: First, all hospital parties agree that a new or renovated ICU is required, and second, the hospital has agreed to allocate space, personnel, and fiscal resources for the project. In this first of a three-part series on innovative designs for the smart ICU, we will explore the roles of the ICU design team in managing the design process. The team must be administratively empowered, knowledgeable, and forward thinking. The first charge of the design team is to develop a clear vision for the goals, look and feel, and functionality of the new ICU. This vision must be guided by the imperative to positively impact patients, staff, and visitors. The team must concentrate on innovative but practical ideas that are in compliance with building codes and design guidelines and address issues related to renovation vs new construction. Mock-ups, both physical and computer generated, and a simulation laboratory for advanced technologies should be used to test design assumptions and reveal problems well in advance of actual ICU construction and technology implementation. Technology platforms need to be standardized within the ICU and equipment purchases protected against early obsolescence. The ramifications and expectations of the new ICU must be thoughtfully considered and dealt with during the design process. Last, it is essential that the design group continue its involvement in the new ICU during construction, occupancy, and post occupancy.

  19. The Distinction of Thought Patterns between English and Chinese Regarding English Teaching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Weining

    2014-01-01

    English teaching and learning in China are more inclined to focus on correcting linguistic errors rather than analyzing thought patterns. However, thought patterns play an important role in many aspects of English teaching. This paper discusses the relationship between thought patterns and languages, and provides some suggestion for English teaching regarding thought patterns.

  20. Predicting soccer matches after unconscious and conscious thought as a function of expertise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijksterhuis, A.; Bos, M.W.; van der Leij, A.; van Baaren, R.B.

    2009-01-01

    In two experiments, we investigated the effects of expertise and mode of thought on the accuracy of people’s predictions. Both experts and nonexperts predicted the results of soccer matches after conscious thought, after unconscious thought, or immediately. In Experiment 1, experts who thought uncon

  1. Predicting Soccer Matches After Unconscious and Conscious Thought as a Function of Expertise

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijksterhuis, A.J.; Bos, M.W.; Leij, A.R. van der; Baaren, Rickvan

    2009-01-01

    In two experiments, we investigated the effects of expertise and mode of thought on the accuracy of people's predictions. Both experts and nonexperts predicted the results of soccer matches after conscious thought, after unconscious thought, or immediately. In Experiment 1, experts who thought uncon

  2. Medicare Hospital Spending Per Patient - Hospital

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The "Medicare hospital spending per patient (Medicare Spending per Beneficiary)" measure shows whether Medicare spends more, less or about the same per Medicare...

  3. 77 FR 8860 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations... to control unforeseen pest outbreaks. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: See each emergency exemption... be potentially affected by this action if you are an agricultural producer, food manufacturer,...

  4. Towards the collaborative hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prætorius, Thim; Hasle, Peter; Edwards, Kasper;

    2015-01-01

    of the collaborative hospital concern the creation of an appropriate balance between standardization and local autonomy, shared purpose centred around providing the best possible care, and use of enabling structures that sustain the new ways of collaborative work. The chapter builds on the theoretical framework...... for the collaborative hospital as new organizational form which is better equipped to respond to the challenges facing modern hospitals. The collaborative hospital is an ambidextrous organization that opens for pursuing both exploration and exploitation within the same organizational structure. The basic principles...... of the collaborative organization which is used for a discussion of theoretical and empirical aspects of the collaborative hospital....

  5. Interruptions: Derrida and Hospitality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark W. Westmoreland

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Come in. Welcome. Be my guest and I will be yours. Shall we ask, in accordance with the Derridean question, "Is not hospitality an interruption of the self?" What is the relationship between the interruption and the moment one enters the host's home? Derrida calls us toward a new understanding of hospitality - as an interruption. This paper will illuminate the history of hospitality in the West as well as trace Derrida's discussions of hospitality throughout many of works. The overall goal of this project is to provide readers of Derrida with a sort of reference guide for his discussions on and deconstructive approach to hospitality.

  6. Hannah Arendt, evil and the eradication of thought.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Covington, Coline

    2012-10-01

    Evil deeds may be committed intentionally or out of madness, but it is those who follow orders that present us with the most complex moral, philosophical and psychological questions. In writing about the banality of evil, Hannah Arendt argues that "in granting pardon, it is the person and not the crime that is forgiven; in rootless evil there is no person left whom one could ever forgive." Arendt postulates that "being a person" necessarily entails the acts of memory and thought. This paper explores Arendt's ideas on memory and thought and how these processes can become subverted in the service of a higher order. Clinical material illustrates Whitmer's idea of dissociation as an "impairment of subjectivity" as distinct from Freud's view of dissociation as a form of repression. This shift in theoretical perspective sheds new light on our understanding of the totalitarian state of mind, i.e. of the mind of a "nobody", and the conditions within which evil is committed.

  7. Identifying the new Eurasian orientation in modern Russian geopolitical thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toni MILESKI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper will focus on the interpretation of Eurasianism as a geopolitical concept, as well as on its competition with other traditional theories of international relations that influence contemporary geopolitical thought. Today, we can analyse the concept of Neo-Eurasianism which is seen in the development of the contemporary Russian geopolitical thought. Such circumstances have occurred after 2000, with the beginning of Vladimir Putin’s rule started, who, again, tries to position Russia as the dominant geopolitical factor between Europe and Asia. This paper will analyse several statements made by Putin, classified by Alexander Dugin as part of a new trend or a new geopolitical direction. The wide range of political and military activities undertaken by Russia in recent years supports our conclusion that some of them are an integral part of the concept of neo-Eurasianism. This paper will also offer insights into the significance of neo-Eurasianism for contemporary Russia’s foreign policy.

  8. Interference with electrons: from thought to real experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matteucci, Giorgio

    2013-11-01

    The two-slit interference experiment is usually adopted to discuss the superposition principle applied to radiation and to show the peculiar wave behaviour of material particles. Diffraction and interference of electrons have been demonstrated using, as interferometry devices, a hole, a slit, double hole, two-slits, an electrostatic biprism etc. A number of books, short movies and lectures on the web try to popularize the mysterious behaviour of electrons on the basis of Feynman thought experiment which consists of a Young two-hole interferometer equipped with a detector to reveal single electrons. A short review is reported regarding, i) the pioneering attempts carried out to demonstrate that interference patterns could be obtained with single electrons through an interferometer and, ii) recent experiments, which can be considered as the realization of the thought electron interference experiments adopted by Einstein-Bohr and subsequently by Feynman to discuss key features of quantum physics.

  9. The neural organization of spatial thought and language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Anjan

    2008-08-01

    The cognitive neuroscience of semantics has focused largely on object knowledge. By contrast, spatial semantics, especially as related to language, has received little attention. Spatial thought and language gives our semantic system a rich texture by introducing relational thinking and greater levels of abstraction than is evoked by object semantics. This article describes the neural instantiation of spatial thought and language based on imaging and lesion studies. We underscore two functional-anatomical organizational principles. First, perceptual and conceptual representations have a parallel organizational structure within the nervous system. Lateral temporal cortices are important for manners of motion, action representations, and action verbs. More dorsal regions are important for paths of motion, locative representations, and prepositions. Second, posterior perceptual representations serve as points of entry for more anterior and centripetally located peri-Sylvian conceptual and linguistic representations.

  10. On the Educational Thoughts in Dewey's Democracy and Education

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HU Zong-xia

    2016-01-01

    Dewey is a famous American educator,and his Democracy and Education is a complete and systematic theoretical sys-tem of education,so it is know as the classics education, progressive education theory of the general program.There are many de-fects and deficiencies in the education of junior middle school in our country,the pragmatism education thought in the book has a great influence on the education of junior middle school in our country,so analysis of the educational thoughts of Dewey's De-mocracy and Education,such as"child centered theory","school is society", education is"life","learn from doing"and so on,this is to improve the history education of junior high school in our country and further promote the education reform of our country has a great positive significance.

  11. Islamic Political Thought and Cultural Revival in Modern Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Din Syamsuddin

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Views of Islamic political thought, at least there are three currents of thought among Indonesian Muslim intellectuals; formalistic currents, currents substantivistik, and fundamentalist currents. One view of current formalistic, he said Islam is a universal religion and overall (total. He emphasized the power of God on earth and as the views of Islamic fundamentalism, the danger of "Westoxication" or "jahili modern society". For this group, Islam must be instituted in order to be a force for liberation in this world. This institutionalization will pave the way for the formation of modern society Qur'anis.Copyright (c 2014 by SDI. All right reserved.DOI: 10.15408/sdi.v2i4.820

  12. Thought beyond language: neural dissociation of algebra and natural language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monti, Martin M; Parsons, Lawrence M; Osherson, Daniel N

    2012-08-01

    A central question in cognitive science is whether natural language provides combinatorial operations that are essential to diverse domains of thought. In the study reported here, we addressed this issue by examining the role of linguistic mechanisms in forging the hierarchical structures of algebra. In a 3-T functional MRI experiment, we showed that processing of the syntax-like operations of algebra does not rely on the neural mechanisms of natural language. Our findings indicate that processing the syntax of language elicits the known substrate of linguistic competence, whereas algebraic operations recruit bilateral parietal brain regions previously implicated in the representation of magnitude. This double dissociation argues against the view that language provides the structure of thought across all cognitive domains.

  13. ELEMENTAL FORMS OF HOSPITALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Emanuel Korstanje

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Modern studies emphasized on the needs of researching the hospitality as relevant aspects of tourism and hospitality fields. Anyway, these approaches are inextricably intertwined to the industry of tourism and do not take seriously the anthropological and sociological roots of hospitality. In fact, the hotel seems to be a partial sphere of hospitality at all. Under this context, the present paper explores the issue of hospitality enrooted in the political and economic indo-European principle of free-transit which is associated to a much broader origin.  Starting from the premise etymologically hostel and hospital share similar origins, we follow the contributions of J Derrida to determine the elements that formed the hospitality up to date.

  14. The economic thought of José Calvo Sotelo

    OpenAIRE

    Alejandro PRIETO MAZAIRA

    2016-01-01

    The Spanish conservative politician José Calvo Sotelo was a finance minister during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera and one of the main right-wing political figures of the monarchy of Alfonso XIII during the Second Spanish Republic. Through his discourses and essays he developed an economic thought integrating nationalistic and interventionist postulates and a solid defense of private property and austerity, his main goal being to guarantee the independence of the Spanish economy. Some of...

  15. HALF-FORGOTTEN PERSONALITIES OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT – SILVIO GESELL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sirůček Pavel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Silvio Gesell was a  German tradesman, self-educated economist, globetrotter and social reformer with a nonconformist worldview. He is known for his proposals for monetary reform. He is famous for his experiments with interest-free currency. Gesell’s thought inspired a plenty of political and civil movements, and has a few followers even to this day.

  16. The Youth Soccer Coaches’ Visions and Thoughts of Leader Support

    OpenAIRE

    Hertting Krister; Kostenius Catrine

    2016-01-01

    The Objectives: The European Commission has highlighted the use of sports as an important venue for engaging citizens in health-enhancing activities, physical activity, volunteerism and active citizenship. Coaching is a central component of sports for children and youth, but there is little research on the promotion of sports coaches’ health. In the light of this gap, the aim of this paper was to elucidate youth soccer coaches’ visions and thoughts regarding leadership support from clubs and ...

  17. The Youth Soccer Coaches’ Visions and Thoughts of Leader Support

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hertting Krister

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The Objectives: The European Commission has highlighted the use of sports as an important venue for engaging citizens in health-enhancing activities, physical activity, volunteerism and active citizenship. Coaching is a central component of sports for children and youth, but there is little research on the promotion of sports coaches’ health. In the light of this gap, the aim of this paper was to elucidate youth soccer coaches’ visions and thoughts regarding leadership support from clubs and soccer associations.

  18. The concept of violence in revolutionary political thought

    OpenAIRE

    Zeledón, Jorge; Jiménez, Javier

    2016-01-01

    In writing the theme of revolutionary violence is analyzed from the structural and situational perspective on the thought of Karl Marx, Frederick Engels, V. Lenin and George Sorel. Revolution- ary violence in the conception of the authors constitutes a legitimate source of liberation in class societies and expresses the reaction to violence due to bourgeois rule. Classics of those authors, The Communist Manifesto, The State and Revolution, Reflections on violence are examined. En el prese...

  19. Thought disorder in the meta-structure of psychopathology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keyes, K. M.; Eaton, N. R.; Krueger, R. F.; Skodol, A. E.; Wall, M. M.; Grant, B.; Siever, L. J.; Hasin, D. S.

    2013-01-01

    Background Dimensional models of co-morbidity have the potential to improve the conceptualization of mental disorders in research and clinical work, yet little is known about how relatively uncommon disorders may fit with more common disorders. The present study estimated the meta-structure of psychopathology in the US general population focusing on the placement of five under-studied disorders sharing features of thought disorder: paranoid, schizoid, avoidant and schizotypal personality disorders, and manic episodes as well as bipolar disorder. Method Data were drawn from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a face-to-face interview of 34 653 non-institutionalized adults in the US general population. The meta-structure of 16 DSM-IV Axis I and Axis II psychiatric disorders, as assessed by the Alcohol Use Disorder and Associated Disabilities Interview Schedule DSM-IV version (AUDADIS-IV), was examined using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Results We document an empirically derived thought disorder factor that is a subdomain of the internalizing dimension, characterized by schizoid, paranoid, schizotypal and avoidant personality disorders as well as manic episodes. Manic episodes exhibit notable associations with both the distress subdomain of the internalizing dimension as well as the thought disorder subdomain. The structure was replicated for bipolar disorder (I or II) in place of manic episodes. Conclusions As our understanding of psychopathological meta-structure expands, incorporation of disorders characterized by detachment and psychoticism grows increasingly important. Disorders characterized by detachment and psychoticism may be well conceptualized, organized and measured as a subdimension of the internalizing spectrum of disorders. Manic episodes and bipolar disorder exhibit substantial co-morbidity across both distress and thought disorder domains of the internalizing dimension. Clinically, these results

  20. On Translation Thoughts of American Translator Howard Goldblatt

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马亚丽; 王亚荣; 李静莹

    2015-01-01

    In 2012,Moyan won the Nobel Prize for literature to which the media and the scholars paid great attention.The transla-tions of his works by Howard Goldblatt were also caught great attention.Howard Goldblatt was believed to help Moyan win the No-bel Prize.Based on this,it is necessary to study translation thoughts of Howard Goldblatt,which will provide some references for Chinese literature translations.

  1. Affective-cognitive consistency and thought-induced attitude polarization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiken, S; Yates, S

    1985-12-01

    Subjects whose preexperimental attitudes toward either capital punishment or censorship were high or low in affective-cognitive consistency were identified. These four groups thought about their attitudes by writing two essays, one on the topic for which consistency had been assessed (relevant essay) and one on the unassessed topic (distractor essay). In accord with the hypothesis that thought-induced attitude polarization requires the presence of a well-developed knowledge structure, high-consistency subjects evidenced greater polarization than low-consistency subjects only on the relevant topic after writing the relevant essay. Content analyses of subjects' relevant essays yielded additional data confirming Tesser's ideas regarding mediation: High (vs. low) consistency subjects expressed a greater proportion of cognitions that were evaluatively consistent with their prior affect toward the attitude object and a smaller proportion of evaluatively inconsistent and neutral cognitions. Moreover, although high-and low-consistency subjects did not differ in the amount of attitudinally relevant information they possessed or their awareness of inconsistent cognitions, their method of dealing with discrepant information diverged: High-consistency subjects evidenced a greater tendency to assimilate discrepant information by generating refutational thoughts that discredited or minimized the importance of inconsistent information.

  2. The Thought Pattern and Its Influence on the Writing Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴兵

    2007-01-01

    Culture can be divided into material aspect-the products of a people's art and technology and non-material aspect-a people's customs, beliefs, values and patterns of communication. The communication between cultures is possible because of the similar principles that guide the interaction as well as the different perceptions and symbol system that cause the various thought patterns, cognitive types and pragmatic competence. So is it in Chinese and English, the typical version of Oriental and Western culture.This paper is designed to present the cultural differences in thought patterns and the influences on the English writing. Since Chinglish, the term that the English native describes the embarrassing usage of English is serous and alarming for the second language learning it is of primary importance to inform the learners in order to avoid the negative transfer. Especially the college learners are undertaking the double task of communication and academy. The risk of pragmatic failure would be reduced as few as possible if they are conscious of such thought patterns and its influence on the writing practice. The analysis is of help for the college learners to be as native as possible in writing.

  3. Neural reactivation links unconscious thought to decision-making performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creswell, John David; Bursley, James K; Satpute, Ajay B

    2013-12-01

    Brief periods of unconscious thought (UT) have been shown to improve decision making compared with making an immediate decision (ID). We reveal a neural mechanism for UT in decision making using blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants (N = 33) encoded information on a set of consumer products (e.g. 48 attributes describing four different cars), and we manipulated whether participants (i) consciously thought about this information (conscious thought), (ii) completed a difficult 2-back working memory task (UT) or (iii) made an immediate decision about the consumer products (ID) in a within-subjects blocked design. To differentiate UT neural activity from 2-back working memory neural activity, participants completed an independent 2-back task and this neural activity was subtracted from neural activity occurring during the UT 2-back task. Consistent with a neural reactivation account, we found that the same regions activated during the encoding of complex decision information (right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and left intermediate visual cortex) continued to be activated during a subsequent 2-min UT period. Moreover, neural reactivation in these regions was predictive of subsequent behavioral decision-making performance after the UT period. These results provide initial evidence for post-encoding unconscious neural reactivation in facilitating decision making.

  4. Hermetic Roots of Marsilio Ficino’s Anthropocentric Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauri Ockenström

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Marsilio Ficino’s relationship to the Hermetic literary tradition has long been a controversial issue in academic discussion. Although Ficino is commonly known as a translator and keen reader of the philosophical Hermetica, his allegiances to the Hermetic ideas have been recognized only in his theory of magic (only to be denied later, while in other cases, in general, scholars tend to deny the impact of Hermetic writings instead of accepting it. This paper explores a topic in which the denial has been particularly harsh, namely Ficino’s Promethean philosophy of man, highlighted as the most influential achievement of his thought by previous generations (e.g. by Trinkaus. Despite the neglect, there seems to be some evident convergence worth researching between Ficino’s anthropocentric passages and the philosophical Hermetic sources. The comparative analyses may illustrate how Ficino applied Hermetic concepts and vocabulary to construct his anthropocentricism and utilized the name of Trismegistus to support his man-oriented ideals, which were to have a considerable impact on European thought during the following centuries. Furthermore, there are reasons to suggest that the inspiration and reinforcement offered by the philosophical Hermetica encouraged Ficino to exceed the boundaries of scholastic thought and the preceding dignitas hominis tradition.

  5. Changes in Hospital-Physician Affiliations in U.S. Hospitals and Their Effect on Quality of Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scott, Kirstin W; Orav, E John; Cutler, David M; Jha, Ashish K

    2017-01-03

    Growing evidence shows that hospitals are increasingly employing physicians. To examine changes in U.S. acute care hospitals that reported employment relationships with their physicians and to determine whether quality of care improved after the hospitals switched to this integration model. Retrospective cohort study of U.S. acute care hospitals between 2003 and 2012. U.S. nonfederal acute care hospitals. 803 switching hospitals compared with 2085 nonswitching control hospitals matched for year and region. Hospitals' conversion to an employment relationship with any of their privileged physicians. Risk-adjusted hospital-level mortality rates, 30-day readmission rates, length of stay, and patient satisfaction scores for common medical conditions. In 2003, approximately 29% of hospitals employed members of their physician workforce, a number that rose to 42% by 2012. Relative to regionally matched controls, switching hospitals were more likely to be large (11.6% vs. 7.1%) or major teaching hospitals (7.5% vs. 4.5%) and less likely to be for-profit institutions (8.8% vs. 19.9%) (all P values Hospital Association annual questionnaire, yet this measure has been used by others to examine effects of integration. The study examined performance up to 2 years after evidence of switching to an employment model; however, beneficial effects may have taken longer to appear. During the past decade, hospitals have increasingly become employers of physicians. The study's findings suggest that physician employment alone probably is not a sufficient tool for improving hospital care. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship.

  6. 76 FR 6470 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Notice of Information Collection--Extension Without Change: Elementary-Secondary Staff Information Report (EEO-5). SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act, the Equal...

  7. 78 FR 962 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-07

    ... NATIONAL INTELLIGENCE Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Office of the Director of National... Information Security Oversight Office for the maintenance of Standard Form 312: Classified Information... updated as described in the Supplementary Information. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Requests...

  8. 76 FR 6471 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... COMMISSION Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Notice of Information Collection --Extension Without Change: Local Union Report (EEO-3). SUMMARY: In... will be posted without change, including any personal information you provide. Copies of...

  9. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  10. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  11. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  12. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  13. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  14. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  15. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  16. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  17. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  18. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1999

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  19. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1998

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  20. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  1. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1996

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  2. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  3. 77 FR 8852 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... buildings. 2. Performance Indicators Survey: Collects information regarding operational success factors to... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office of...

  4. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1997

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  5. Revised Total Coliform Webinar for Primacy Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    This webinar was created to assist Primacy Agencies in the implementation of the Revised Total Coliform Rule. It provides an overview of the requirements in the rule and implementation guidance for Primacy Agencies.

  6. A sampling of joint venture opportunities for hospitals and physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, L

    1985-05-01

    The fact that the term "joint venture" has become a buzz word in the hospital industry should not be allowed to obscure two basic facts. First, the concept is quite complex, involving tax and securities law issues as well as a number of important operational, financial, and governance issues. Second, the concept is an important one for the future of many hospitals. This article examines the misconceptions surrounding joint ventures and presents examples of actual joint ventures that hospitals have participated in, from physicians office building to home health agencies.

  7. 76 FR 29248 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... Federal Information Security Management Act (FISMA) of 2002 to properly protect all PII data maintained by..., oversight agencies or DUAs for disproportionate share hospital (DSH) data requests as well as updates to...: CMS, Office of Strategic Operations and Regulatory Affairs, Division of Regulations...

  8. 78 FR 61846 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-04

    ... techniques or other forms of information technology to minimize the information collection burden. DATES...), federal Agencies must obtain approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for each collection... teaching hospitals for the purposes of sharing their Medicare Graduate Medical Education FTE cap slots...

  9. Community benefit activities of private, nonprofit hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bazzoli, Gloria J; Clement, Jan P; Hsieh, Hui-Min

    2010-12-01

    The definition of hospital community benefits has been intensely debated for many years. Recently, consensus has developed about one group of activities being central to community benefits because of its focus on care for the poor and on needed community services for which any payments received are low relative to costs. Disagreements continue, however, about the treatment of bad debt expense and Medicare shortfalls. A recent revision of the Internal Revenue Service's Form 990 Schedule H, which is required of all nonprofit hospitals, highlights the agreed-on set of activities but does not dismiss the disputed items. Our study is the first to apply definitions used in the new IRS form to assess how conclusions about the adequacy of nonprofit hospital community benefits could be affected if bad debt expenses and Medicare shortfalls are included or excluded. Specifically, we examine 2005 financial data for California and Florida hospitals. Overall, we find that conclusions about community benefit adequacy are very different depending on which definition of community benefits is used. We provide thoughts on new directions for the current policy debate about the treatment of bad debts and Medicare shortfalls in light of these findings.

  10. Modeling Hospital Discharge and Placement Decision Making: Whither the Elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, William F.; Pelham, Anabel O.

    This paper examines the hospital discharge decision making process for elderly patients, based on observations of the operations of a long term care agency, the California Multipurpose Senior Services Project. The analysis is divided into four components: actors, factors, processes, and strategy critique. The first section discusses the major…

  11. Hospitality Occupational Skills Training Cooperative. Project HOST Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Northwest Educational Cooperative, Des Plaines, IL.

    Project HOST (Hospitality Occupational Skills Training) provided vocational training and employment opportunities in the hotel industry to disadvantaged adult minority populations in Chicago. It demonstrated a model for successful cooperation between the business sector and a public vocational education agency and developed and piloted a…

  12. Majority of hospitals won't bill for 'never events'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Policy also includes apologies, reporting events to agencies such as The Joint Commission. What are considered normal customer service practices in other industries are 'radical' in health care. Risk manager says 'doing the right thing' also can help reduce your hospital's liability exposure.

  13. Hospital diversification strategy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastaugh, Steven R

    2014-01-01

    To determine the impact of health system restructuring on the levels of hospital diversification and operating ratio this article analyzed 94 teaching hospitals and 94 community hospitals during the period 2008-2013. The 47 teaching hospitals are matched with 47 other teaching hospitals experiencing the same financial market position in 2008, but with different levels of preference for risk and diversification in their strategic plan. Covariates in the analysis included levels of hospital competition and the degree of local government planning (for example, highly regulated in New York, in contrast to Texas). Moreover, 47 nonteaching community hospitals are matched with 47 other community hospitals in 2008, having varying manager preferences for service-line diversification and risk. Diversification and operating ratio are modeled in a two-stage least squares (TSLS) framework as jointly dependent. Institutional diversification is found to yield better financial position, and the better operating profits provide the firm the wherewithal to diversify. Some services are in a growth phase, like bariatric weight-loss surgery and sleep disorder clinics. Hospital managers' preferences for risk/return potential were considered. An institution life cycle hypothesis is advanced to explain hospital behavior: boom and bust, diversification, and divestiture, occasionally leading to closure or merger.

  14. 37 CFR 501.7 - Agency determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 37 Patents, Trademarks, and Copyrights 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agency determination. 501.7... UNIFORM PATENT POLICY FOR RIGHTS IN INVENTIONS MADE BY GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEES § 501.7 Agency determination... left with the employee, the agency shall notify the employee of this determination. In cases pursuant...

  15. 5 CFR 919.910 - Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency. 919.910 Section 919.910 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT (CONTINUED) CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) GOVERNMENTWIDE DEBARMENT AND SUSPENSION (NONPROCUREMENT) Definitions § 919.910 Agency. Agency means any United...

  16. 76 FR 13172 - Placer County Water Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Placer County Water Agency Notice of Application Tendered for Filing with... Filed: February 23, 2011 d. Applicant: Placer County Water Agency e. Name of Project: Middle Fork... Manager, Placer County Water Agency, 144 Ferguson Road, Auburn, CA 95603; Telephone: (530) 823-4490....

  17. 77 FR 36271 - International Energy Agency Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-18

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY International Energy Agency Meetings AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Industry Advisory Board (IAB) to the International Energy Agency (IEA) will meet on June 26, 2012, at...

  18. 77 FR 69613 - International Energy Agency Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY International Energy Agency Meeting AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of meeting. SUMMARY: A meeting involving members of the Industry Advisory Board (IAB) to the International Energy Agency (IEA)...

  19. 75 FR 12532 - International Energy Agency Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-16

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY International Energy Agency Meetings AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Industry Advisory Board (IAB) to the International Energy Agency (IEA) will meet on March 23, 2010, at...

  20. 77 FR 61583 - International Energy Agency Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-10

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY International Energy Agency Meetings AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice of meetings. SUMMARY: The Industry Advisory Board (IAB) to the International Energy Agency (IEA) will meet on October 17 and 18,...

  1. 49 CFR 1016.309 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agency review. 1016.309 Section 1016.309... Agency review. In the event the adjudicative officer is not the entire Board, the applicant or agency counsel may seek review of the initial decision on the fee application, or the Board may review...

  2. 31 CFR 6.15 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agency review. 6.15 Section 6.15... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Procedures for Considering Applications § 6.15 Agency review. Either the applicant or agency counsel may seek review of the initial decision on the fee application, or the...

  3. The Dialectics of Agency in Educational Ethnography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rainio, Anna Pauliina; Hilppö, Jaakko

    2017-01-01

    This paper outlines a dialectical conceptualisation of children's agency for the purposes of multidisciplinary educational theory and practice. We illuminate five contradictory but connected dimensions of children's agency, or "the dialectics of agency," identified from theoretical debate between sociologically and psychologically…

  4. Subjective Quantitative Studies of Human Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkire, Sabina

    2005-01-01

    Amartya Sen's writings have articulated the importance of human agency, and identified the need for information on agency freedom to inform our evaluation of social arrangements. Many approaches to poverty reduction stress the need for empowerment. This paper reviews "subjective quantitative measures of human agency at the individual level." It…

  5. Pretreatment quality of life in patients with rectal cancer is associated with intrusive thoughts and sense of coherence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asplund, Dan; Bisgaard, Thue; Bock, David; Burcharth, Jakob; González, Elisabeth; Haglind, Eva; Kolev, Yanislav; Matthiessen, Peter; Rosander, Carina; Rosenberg, Jacob; Smedh, Kenneth; Sörensson, Marina Åkerblom; Angenete, Eva

    2017-09-14

    Quality of life may predict survival. In addition to clinical variables, it may be influenced by psychological factors, some of which may be accessible for intervention. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the association of intrusive thoughts and the patients' sense of coherence with pretreatment quality of life in patients with newly diagnosed rectal cancer. Patients were prospectively included in 16 hospitals in Sweden and Denmark. They answered an extensive questionnaire after receiving their treatment plan. Clinical data were retrieved from national quality registries for rectal cancer. Of 1248 included patients, a total of 1085 were evaluable. Pretreatment global health-related and overall quality of life was lower in patients planned for palliative compared with curative treatment (median 53 vs. 80 on the EuroQoL visual analogue scale, p life was associated with intrusive thoughts (odds ratio 0.33, 95% confidence interval 0.24-0.45) and sense of coherence (odds ratio 0.44, 95% confidence interval 0.37-0.52) irrespective of the treatment plan. Pretreatment quality of life was influenced by the intent of treatment as well as by intrusive thoughts and the patients' sense of coherence. Interventions could modify these psychological factors, and future studies should focus on initiatives to improve quality of life for this group of patients.

  6. Neural substrates for judgment of self-agency in ambiguous situations.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hirokata Fukushima

    Full Text Available The sense of agency is the attribution of oneself as the cause of one's own actions and their effects. Accurate agency judgments are essential for adaptive behaviors in dynamic environments, especially in conditions of uncertainty. However, it is unclear how agency judgments are made in ambiguous situations where self-agency and non-self-agency are both possible. Agency attribution is thus thought to require higher-order neurocognitive processes that integrate several possibilities. Furthermore, neural activity specific to self-attribution, as compared with non-self-attribution, may reflect higher-order critical operations that contribute to constructions of self-consciousness. Based on these assumptions, the present study focused on agency judgments under ambiguous conditions and examined the neural correlates of this operation with functional magnetic resonance imaging. Participants performed a simple but demanding agency-judgment task, which required them to report on whether they attributed their own action as the cause of a visual stimulus change. The temporal discrepancy between the participant's action and the visual events was adaptively set to be maximally ambiguous for each individual on a trial-by-trial basis. Comparison with results for a control condition revealed that the judgment of agency was associated with activity in lateral temporo-parietal areas, medial frontal areas, the dorsolateral prefrontal area, and frontal operculum/insula regions. However, most of these areas did not differentiate between self- and non-self-attribution. Instead, self-attribution was associated with activity in posterior midline areas, including the precuneus and posterior cingulate cortex. These results suggest that deliberate self-attribution of an external event is principally associated with activity in posterior midline structures, which is imperative for self-consciousness.

  7. US agency for international development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pumfrey, R.

    1997-12-01

    The author addresses the following questions in his presentation: what is USAID; where does the money go and who makes the decisions; where does USAID fund energy programs, and especially renewable energy; who are their `partners`; what is the approach to renewable energy; what in summary, has USAID funded that is relevant to village power. USAID is the foreign aid agency of the US Government. Approximately 75 countries receive regular assistance. The fiscal year 97 budget for the agency is approximately $5.8 billion. About half of the total budget goes to Israel, Egypt, and the countries of the former Soviet Union. These budgeting decisions are geopolitical. Congress earmarks total budgets for a few sectors or subjects, such as family planning. The goal of USAID`s renewable energy programs is simple: They are interested in accelerating the market penetration of commercial technologies. They do not engage in technology R&D. Developing countries have energy needs now, and commercial technologies are available now. USAID has taken note of the interest taken by subsidiaries of US utilities in the past couple of years in bringing their expertise and resources to bear on meeting the challenge of rural energy needs in developing countries. They believe that the entry into the market of these players could be one of the most important catalysts for making the rural energy revolution happen.

  8. The role of agency goals and local context in Great Lakes water resources public involvement programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landre, Betsy Kiernan; Knuth, Barbara A.

    1993-03-01

    As complex social phenomena, public involvement processes are influenced by contextual factors. This study examined agency goals for public involvement and assessed the importance of local context in remedial action planning, a community-based water resources program aimed at the cleanup of the 42 most polluted locations in the Great Lakes Basin. Agency goals for public involvement in remedial action plans (RAPs) were agency-oriented and focused on public acceptance of the plan, support for implementation, and positive agency-public relations. Corresponding to these goals, citizen advisory committees were created in 75% of the RAP sites as a primary means for public input into the planning process. Factors that influenced the implementation of public involvement programs in remedial action planning included public orientation toward the remediation issue, local economic conditions, the interaction of diverse interests in the process, agency and process credibility, experience of local leadership, and jurisdictional complexity. A formative assessment of “community readiness” appeared critical to appropriate public involvement program design. Careful program design may also include citizen education and training components, thoughtful management of ongoing agency-public relations and conflict among disparate interests in the process, overcoming logistical difficulties that threaten program continuity, using local expertise and communication channels, and circumventing interjurisdictional complexities.

  9. Utilization of non-US educated nurses in US hospitals: implications for hospital mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neff, Donna Felber; Cimiotti, Jeannie; Sloane, Douglas M; Aiken, Linda H

    2013-09-01

    To determine whether, and under what circumstance, US hospital employment of non-US-educated nurses is associated with patient outcomes. Observational study of primary data from 2006 to 2007 surveys of hospital nurses in four states (California, Florida, New Jersey and Pennsylvania). The direct and interacting effects of hospital nurse staffing and the percentage of non-US-educated nurses on 30-day surgical patient mortality and failure-to-rescue were estimated before and after controlling for patient and hospital characteristics. Data from registered nurse respondents practicing in 665 hospitals were pooled with patient discharge data from state agencies. Thirty-day surgical patient mortality and failure-to-rescue. The effect of non-US-educated nurses on both mortality and failure-to-rescue is nil in hospitals with lower than average patient to nurse ratios, but pronounced in hospitals with average and poor nurse to patient ratios. In hospitals in which patient-to-nurse ratios are 5:1 or higher, mortality is higher when 25% or more nurses are educated outside of the USA than when nurses are non-US-educated. Moreover, the effect of having >25% non-US-educated nurses becomes increasingly deleterious as patient-to-nurse ratios increase beyond 5:1. Employing non-US-educated nurses has a negative impact on patient mortality except where patient-to-nurse ratios are lower than average. Thus, US hospitals should give priority to achieving adequate nurse staffing levels, and be wary of hiring large percentages of non-US-educated nurses unless patient-to-nurse ratios are low.

  10. Distress and recurrence of intrusive thoughts in younger and older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magee, Joshua C; Teachman, Bethany A

    2012-03-01

    The current study incorporated a life span perspective into existing theories of intrusive thoughts to examine age-related differences in the difficulty controlling intrusive thoughts, the distress following intrusive thought recurrences, and the meanings assigned to these recurrences. Younger (N = 51) and older (N = 49) community adults were randomly assigned to suppress (i.e., keep out of mind) or monitor an intrusive thought. Participants rated their positive and negative affect throughout engagement with the intrusive thought, and they also rated the meanings they gave to recurrences of their everyday intrusive thoughts. The results demonstrated that older adults tended to perceive greater difficulty with controlling the intrusive thought than younger adults despite the fact that they did not differ in the actual recurrence of the intrusive thought. With regard to distress, older adults experienced steadier levels of positive affect than younger adults throughout engagement with the intrusive thought. However, older adults also reported greater residual negative affect after engaging with the intrusive thought than younger adults. Finally, older and younger adults appeared to assign meanings to recurrences of intrusive thoughts in line with age-relevant concerns. Specifically, older adults were prone to interpret the recurrence of intrusive thoughts as a sign of cognitive decline, but they were less likely than younger adults to see intrusive thoughts as a sign of moral failure. Together, these results highlight a range of potential risk and protective factors in older adults for experiencing emotion dysregulation after intrusive thoughts.

  11. 42 CFR 488.6 - Other national accreditation programs for hospitals and other providers and suppliers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... health agency providers of outpatient physical therapy, occupational therapy or speech pathology services... and other providers and suppliers. 488.6 Section 488.6 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID... national accreditation program for hospitals; psychiatric hospitals; transplant centers, except for kidney...

  12. 78 FR 72581 - Direct Final Approval of Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerator Negative Declaration for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-03

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 62 Direct Final Approval of Hospital/Medical/Infectious Waste Incinerator Negative... negative declarations from Michigan and Wisconsin regarding Hospital/Medical/ Infectious Waste Incinerator...) requirements to existing solid waste combustors, including HMIWIs, and provide that EPA should include, as...

  13. Framework for Sustainability Assessment by Transportation Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramani, Tara Lakshmi; Zietsman, Josias; Gudmundsson, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    The application of the concept of sustainability by transportation agencies is often limited by agencies’ understanding of what sustainability means and how it can be integrated into the regular functions of the agencies. This paper presents a flexible approach and framework that can equip...... transportation agencies with the tools required to understand what sustainability means and incorporate sustainability into the organizational culture. This approach and method can also help agencies lay the groundwork for the use of performance measures so the agencies can progress toward sustainability goals...

  14. [Water hygiene in hospitals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kerwat, Klaus; Wulf, Hinnerk

    2013-10-01

    As a general rule drinking water in hospitals does not represent a risk for the normal patient. However, for high-risk patients with compromised immune defense systems drinking water in hospitals may become a source of nosocomial infections. It may be contaminated with microorganisms that may have the potential to be infectious agents in the hospital environment. Of particular significance in such circumstances are the Gram-negative rods such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter spp. and Legionella bacteria. Accordingly, specific behavior patterns and measures in the handling of drinking water in hospitals are meaningful in order to reduce the risks of water-associated nosocomial infections.

  15. Moments of hospitality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Justesen, Lise; Gyimóthy, Szilvia; Mikkelsen, Bent Egberg

    2014-01-01

    Hospital meals have increasingly become part of the political and scientific agenda of the welfare discussions in Denmark and other European countries. This article employs non-representational theory to analyse hospitalityscapes in order to explore opportunities for adding value to the hospital...... meal experience. By drawing on research carried out in two Danish hospital wards, this article explores how hospitalityscapes are socio-materially constructed. The research strategy was based on performative participant observations, visual ethnography and semi-structured interviews. The empirical data...... that a focus on disruptive micro-events might create opportunities for hospitalityscapes and add value to future hospital meal experiences....

  16. Central line infections - hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... infection; Central venous catheter - infection; CVC - infection; Central venous device - infection; Infection control - central line infection; Nosocomial infection - central line infection; Hospital acquired ...

  17. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the... Responsibilities § 0.104 Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official....

  18. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  19. Semantics, pragmatics, and formal thought disorders in people with schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salavera C

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Carlos Salavera, Miguel Puyuelo, José L Antoñanzas, Pilar TeruelUniversidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, SpainBackground: The aim of this study was to analyze how formal thought disorders (FTD affect semantics and pragmatics in patients with schizophrenia.Methods: The sample comprised subjects with schizophrenia (n = 102 who met the criteria for the disorder according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition Text Revision. In the research process, the following scales were used: Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS for psychopathology measurements; the Scale for the Assessment of Thought, Language, and Communication (TLC for FTD, Word Accentuation Test (WAT, System for the Behavioral Evaluation of Social Skills (SECHS, the pragmatics section of the Objective Criteria Language Battery (BLOC-SR and the verbal sections of the Wechsler Adults Intelligence Scale (WAIS III, for assessment of semantics and pragmatics.Results: The results in the semantics and pragmatics sections were inferior to the average values obtained in the general population. Our data demonstrated that the more serious the FTD, the worse the performances in the Verbal-WAIS tests (particularly in its vocabulary, similarities, and comprehension sections, SECHS, and BLOC-SR, indicating that FTD affects semantics and pragmatics, although the results of the WAT indicated good premorbid language skills.Conclusion: The principal conclusion we can draw from this study is the evidence that in schizophrenia the superior level of language structure seems to be compromised, and that this level is related to semantics and pragmatics; when there is an alteration in this level, symptoms of FTD appear, with a wide-ranging relationship between both language and FTD. The second conclusion is that the subject’s language is affected by the disorder and rules out the possibility of a previous verbal impairment.Keywords: schizophrenia, formal thought disorder

  20. Agency, gait and self-consciousness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kannape, O A; Blanke, O

    2012-02-01

    Agency is an important aspect of bodily self-consciousness, allowing us to separate own movements from those induced by the environment and to distinguish own movements from those of other agents. Unsurprisingly, theoretical frameworks for agency such as central monitoring are closely tied to computational models of sensorimotor control. Until recently agency research has largely focussed on goal-directed movements of the upper limbs. In particular, the influence of performance-related sensory cues and the relevance of prediction signals for agency judgements have been studied through a variety of spatio-temporal mismatches between movement and the sensory consequences of movement. However, agents often perform a different type of movement; highly automated movements that involve the entire body such as walking, cycling, and swimming with potentially different agency mechanisms. Here, we review recent work about agency for full-body movements such as gait, highlighting the effects of performance-related visual and auditory cues on gait agency. Gait movements differ from upper limb actions. Gait is cyclic, more rarely immediately goal-directed, and is generally considered one of the most automatic and unconscious actions. We discuss such movement differences with respect to the functional mechanisms of full-body agency and body-part agency by linking these gait agency paradigms to computational models of motor control. This is followed by a selective review of gait control, locomotion, and models of motor control relying on prediction signals and underlining their relevance for full-body agency.