Sample records for hon fcssa hon

  1. Web page translating software program The Hon-yaku; Hon'yaku software 'The hon'yaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    A translating software program The Hon-yaku (the translator) Internet V4.0 has been developed, which provides an optimum means to help those who have to perform English-Japanese and Japanese-English translation on the Internet in collecting information from abroad, e-mailing to other countries, and chatting (exchanging of messages or dialogues) with friends overseas. When the Shortcut Read function is used, the user is instantly provided with the gist of the page on the screen even if it is full of long sentences. The program, furthermore, is equipped with a function of translating documents prepared using the state-of-the-art XML (eXtensible Markup Language) and PDF (Portable Document Format) technologies. Another translation software program The Hon-yaku Office V2.0 has also been developed, which adds a translating function to Microsoft(reg sign) Office 2000. Using this program, translation is completed upon clicking on the translation button on a Word, Excel, or Power Point(reg sign) screen. A template etc. are also provided, which simplifies the preparation of business letters in English. (translated by NEDO)

  2. [The old transcript "Kosha-hon" quoted by Chusai Shibue in his lecture manuscript for Spiritual Pivot (Lingshu) "Reisu Kogi"]. (United States)

    Nagatsuka, Kenji


    The details about the old transcript "Kosha-hon" quoted by Chusai Shibue in his Reisu Kogi had remained unspecified. However, the author found that the Kosha-hon is probably now in the possession of the Peking University Library. In addition, through the investigation, the following facts emerged: 1) The date of writing of the transcript can be presumed to be between the Kanbun and Enpo eras in the Edo period. 2) The book, called "Kosha-hon", can be presumed to transcribe the lost version of the text in the group of the twelve volumes of XinKan Huangdi Neijing Lingshu. 3) Shibue left side notes, headed "Kosha-hon Hoki", and he used them for revision, but in fact these notes originated in the Ma Taixuan's Huangdi Neijing Lingshu Zhuzheng Fawei.

  3. Goniothalamusflagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang (Annonaceae), a new species from Mt. Hon Ba, Vietnam. (United States)

    Tagane, Shuichiro; Dang, Van Son; Yahara, Tetsukazu; Toyama, Hironori; Tran, Hop


    A new species, Goniothalamusflagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang, sp. nov. from Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Khanh Hoa Province, South Vietnam is described and illustrated. This species is most similar to Goniothalamustortilipetalus M.R.Hend., but distinct in having 308-336 stamens (vs. ca. 170-260) and ca.120 carpels (vs. ca. 50-100) per flower, and Stigma and pseudostyles ca.8.5 mm (vs. 4-4.5 mm) long.

  4. Goniothalamus flagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang (Annonaceae, a new species from Mt. Hon Ba, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuichiro Tagane


    Full Text Available A new species, Goniothalamus flagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang, sp. nov. from Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Khanh Hoa Province, South Vietnam is described and illustrated. This species is most similar to Goniothalamus tortilipetalus M.R.Hend., but distinct in having 308–336 stamens (vs. ca. 170–260 and ca.120 carpels (vs. ca. 50–100 per flower, and Stigma and pseudostyles ca.8.5 mm (vs. 4–4.5 mm long.

  5. An evaluation of the quality of Turkish community pharmacy web sites concerning HON principles. (United States)

    Yegenoglu, Selen; Sozen, Bilge; Aslan, Dilek; Calgan, Zeynep; Cagirci, Simge


    The objective of this study was to find all the existing Web sites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (,,, While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Web sites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Web sites were included in the study. All of the Web sites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Web sites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Web sites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Web sites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Web sites.

  6. HON label and DISCERN as content quality indicators of health-related websites. (United States)

    Khazaal, Yasser; Chatton, Anne; Zullino, Daniele; Khan, Riaz


    Content quality indicators are warranted in order to help patients and consumers to judge the content quality of health-related on-line information. The aim of the present study is to evaluate web-based information on health topics and to assess particular content quality indicators like HON (Health on the Net) and DISCERN. The present study is based on the analysis of data issued from six previous studies which assessed with a standardized tool the general and content quality (evidence-based health information) of health-related websites. Keywords related to Social phobia, bipolar disorders, pathological gambling as well as cannabis, alcohol and cocaine addiction were entered into popular World Wide Web search engines. Websites were assessed with a standardized proforma designed to rate sites on the basis of accountability, presentation, interactivity, readability and content quality (evidence-based information). "Health on the Net" (HON) quality label, and DISCERN scale scores were used to verify their efficiency as quality indicators. Of 874 websites identified, 388 were included. Despite an observed association with higher content quality scores, the HON label fails to predict good content quality websites when used in a multiple regression. Sensibility and specificity of a DISCERN score >40 in the detection of good content quality websites were, respectively, 0.45 and 0.96. The DISCERN is a potential quality indicator with a relatively high specificity. Further developments in this domain are warranted in order to facilitate the identification of high-quality information on the web by patients.

  7. /sup 165/Ho(n,. gamma. ) standard cross section from 3 to 450 keV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macklin, R.L.


    The /sup 165/Ho(n, ..gamma..) cross section was measured at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator neutron time-of-flight facility. Nonhydrogenous scintillation detectors were used with pulse-height weighting to measure the prompt photon yield, normalized to the saturated 3.92-eV resonance in (/sup 165/Ho + n) and the shape of the /sup 6/Li(n,..cap alpha..) cross section. Resonance parameters for many of the observed peaks below 3 keV were determined by a nonlinear least-squares fit. The data to 100 keV were well fitted with energy-independent strength functions 10/sup 4/S/sup 0/ = 1.33 +- 0.14, 10/sup 4/S/sup 1/ = 1.36 +- 0.24, 10/sup 4/S/sub 2/ = 1.19 +- 0.76 and anti GAMMA/sub ..gamma../D/sub 0/ = 0.076/(3.23 +- 0.55 eV). The fluctuations of the cross section about the strength function fit are analyzed for 250-eV averages. The Wald-Wolfowitz ''Runs'' test is consistent with no additional nonrandom structure in the cross section. 3 figures, 1 table. (auth)

  8. Drivers of Coastal Shoreline Change: Case Study of Hon Dat Coast, Kien Giang, Vietnam (United States)

    Nguyen, Hai-Hoa; McAlpine, Clive; Pullar, David; Leisz, Stephen Joseph; Galina, Gramotnev


    Coastal shorelines are naturally dynamic, shifting in response to coastal geomorphological processes. Globally, land use change associated with coastal urban development and growing human population pressures is accelerating coastal shoreline change. In southern Vietnam, coastal erosion currently is posing considerable risks to shoreline land use and coastal inhabitants. The aim of this paper is to quantify historical shoreline changes along the Hon Dat coast between 1995 and 2009, and to document the relationships between coastal mangrove composition, width and density, and rates of shoreline change. The generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to quantify the major biophysical and land-use factors influencing shoreline change rates. Most significant drivers of the rates of change are cutting of mangroves, the dominant mangrove genus, changes in adjacent shoreline land use, changes of shoreline land cover, and width of fringing mangroves. We suggest that a possible and inexpensive strategy for robust mangrove shoreline defense is direct mangrove planting to promote mangrove density with the presence of breakwater structures. In the shorter term, construction of coastal barriers such as fence-structured melaleuca poles in combination with mangrove restoration schemes could help retain coastal sediments and increase the elevation of the accretion zone, thereby helping to stabilize eroding fringe shorelines. It also is recommended that implementation of a system of payments for mangrove ecosystem services and the stronger regulation of mangrove cutting and unsustainable land-use change to strengthen the effectiveness of mangrove conservation programs and coastal land-use management.

  9. Drivers of coastal shoreline change: case study of hon dat coast, Kien Giang, Vietnam. (United States)

    Nguyen, Hai-Hoa; McAlpine, Clive; Pullar, David; Leisz, Stephen Joseph; Galina, Gramotnev


    Coastal shorelines are naturally dynamic, shifting in response to coastal geomorphological processes. Globally, land use change associated with coastal urban development and growing human population pressures is accelerating coastal shoreline change. In southern Vietnam, coastal erosion currently is posing considerable risks to shoreline land use and coastal inhabitants. The aim of this paper is to quantify historical shoreline changes along the Hon Dat coast between 1995 and 2009, and to document the relationships between coastal mangrove composition, width and density, and rates of shoreline change. The generalized linear mixed-effects models were used to quantify the major biophysical and land-use factors influencing shoreline change rates. Most significant drivers of the rates of change are cutting of mangroves, the dominant mangrove genus, changes in adjacent shoreline land use, changes of shoreline land cover, and width of fringing mangroves. We suggest that a possible and inexpensive strategy for robust mangrove shoreline defense is direct mangrove planting to promote mangrove density with the presence of breakwater structures. In the shorter term, construction of coastal barriers such as fence-structured melaleuca poles in combination with mangrove restoration schemes could help retain coastal sediments and increase the elevation of the accretion zone, thereby helping to stabilize eroding fringe shorelines. It also is recommended that implementation of a system of payments for mangrove ecosystem services and the stronger regulation of mangrove cutting and unsustainable land-use change to strengthen the effectiveness of mangrove conservation programs and coastal land-use management.

  10. Hon-yaku: a biology-driven Bayesian methodology for identifying translation initiation sites in prokaryotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Hoon Michiel JL


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Computational prediction methods are currently used to identify genes in prokaryote genomes. However, identification of the correct translation initiation sites remains a difficult task. Accurate translation initiation sites (TISs are important not only for the annotation of unknown proteins but also for the prediction of operons, promoters, and small non-coding RNA genes, as this typically makes use of the intergenic distance. A further problem is that most existing methods are optimized for Escherichia coli data sets; applying these methods to newly sequenced bacterial genomes may not result in an equivalent level of accuracy. Results Based on a biological representation of the translation process, we applied Bayesian statistics to create a score function for predicting translation initiation sites. In contrast to existing programs, our combination of methods uses supervised learning to optimally use the set of known translation initiation sites. We combined the Ribosome Binding Site (RBS sequence, the distance between the translation initiation site and the RBS sequence, the base composition of the start codon, the nucleotide composition (A-rich sequences following start codons, and the expected distribution of the protein length in a Bayesian scoring function. To further increase the prediction accuracy, we also took into account the operon orientation. The outcome of the procedure achieved a prediction accuracy of 93.2% in 858 E. coli genes from the EcoGene data set and 92.7% accuracy in a data set of 1243 Bacillus subtilis 'non-y' genes. We confirmed the performance in the GC-rich Gamma-Proteobacteria Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Burkholderia pseudomallei K96243. Conclusion Hon-yaku, being based on a careful choice of elements important in translation, improved the prediction accuracy in B. subtilis data sets and other bacteria except for E. coli. We believe that most remaining

  11. Rational design, synthesis, and pharmacological properties of new 1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-on-3-carboxamide derivatives as highly selective cannabinoid-2 receptor agonists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manera, Clementina; Saccomanni, Giuseppe; Adinolfi, Barbara


    derivatives were designed, synthesized, and tested for their affinities toward the human CB(1) and CB(2) cannabinoid receptors. Some of the reported compounds showed a subnanomolar CB(2) affinity with a CB(1)/CB(2) selectivity ratio greater than 200 (compounds 6, 12, cis-12, 13, and cis-13). Further studies......The CB(2) receptor activation can be exploited for the treatment of diseases such as chronic pain and tumors of immune origin, devoid of psychotropic activity. On the basis of our already reported 1,8-naphthyridin-4(1H)-on-3-carboxamide derivatives, new 1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-on-3-carboxamide...

  12. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 46. ‘A Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company’ by Horsfield & Moore

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dickinson, E.C.


    Ornithological literature has been extremely inconsistent in assigning authorship for the new names proposed in ‘A Catalogue of the Birds in The Museum of the Hon. East-India Company’ by Horsfield & Moore, or by Moore in parallel to it. The corrected dates of separate publications by Moore and the I

  13. The phytogeographic note on the orchids flora of Vietnam: a case study from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve, Central Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuong Ba Truong


    Full Text Available The survey of the Orchid flora at Hon Ba Nature Reserve, where was a part of the famous Annamite Range in Vietnam, had been achieved from March to December 2014. A total of 106 species in 4 life forms were accounted i.e. epiphyte (67 species, terrestrial (20 species, lithophyte (13 species and mycoheterotrophic (6 species. Among those, there were two newly recorded species to the Annamite Range i.e. Lecanorchis nigricans Honda and Bulbophyllum dasystachys J.J.Verm., P. Thavipoke & J. Phelps. The most diverse genera were Dendrobium, Bulbophyllum, Liparis and Paphiopedilum respectively. The result area revealed that the Annamite Range performed as a “cross road” of 4 floristic regions in Asia, i.e. the Himalayan Range, the Indo-China Mainland and Myanmar, the Sino-Japanese and the Malesian Region.

  14. The effect of split sleep schedules (6h-on/6h-off) on neurobehavioural performance, sleep and sleepiness. (United States)

    Short, Michelle A; Centofanti, Stephanie; Hilditch, Cassie; Banks, Siobhan; Lushington, Kurt; Dorrian, Jillian


    Shorter, more frequent rosters, such as 6h-on/6h-off split shifts, may offer promise to sleep, subjective sleepiness and performance by limiting shift length and by offering opportunities for all workers to obtain some sleep across the biological night. However, there exists a paucity of studies that have examined these shifts using objective measures of sleep and performance. The present study examined neurobehavioural performance, sleepiness and sleep during 6h-on/6h-off split sleep schedules. Sixteen healthy adults (6 males, 26.13 y ± 4.46) participated in a 9-day laboratory study that included two baseline nights (BL, 10h time in bed (TIB), 2200 h-0800 h), 4 days on one of two types of 6h-on/6h-off split sleep schedules with 5h TIB during each 'off' period (6h early: TIB 0300 h-0800 h and 1500 h-20000 h, or 6-h late: TIB 0900 h-1400 h and 2100 h-0200 h), and two recovery nights (10h TIB per night, 2200 h-0800 h). Participants received 10h TIB per 24h in total across both shift schedules. A neurobehavioural test bout was completed every 2 h during wake, which included the Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT) and the Karolinska Sleepiness Scale (KSS). Linear mixed effects models were used to assess the effect of day (BL, shift days 1-4), schedule (6h early, 6h late) and trial (numbers 1-6) on PVT lapses (operationalised as the number of reaction times >500 ms), PVT total lapse time, PVT fastest 10% of reaction times and KSS. Analyses were also conducted examining the effect of day and schedule on sleep variables. Overall, PVT lapses and total lapse time did not differ significantly between baseline and shift days, however, peak response speeds were significantly slower on the first shift day when compared to baseline, but only for those in the 6h-late condition. Circadian variations were apparent in performance outcomes, with individuals in the 6h-late condition demonstrated significantly more and longer lapses and slower peak reaction times at the end of their

  15. Histórias da nossa história: o acervo de José Honório Rodrigues



    This study makes some observations on the work of organization of archives belonging to José Honório Rodrigues. Part of these archives are maintend by Delfos Documentation and Cultural Memory Center, at PUCRS. Besides the paper gives some indications about its content and research potentialities. This archive was classified in 7 categories: Military Government/Militarism; International Relations; the Dutch; the Jewish; Imperial Brazil; History/Historiography/Patrimony and Art; and General Sub...

  16. A New Species of Cleisostoma (Orchidaceae) from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Vietnam: A Multidisciplinary Assessment (United States)

    Ponert, Jan; Trávníček, Pavel; Vuong, Truong Ba; Rybková, Romana; Suda, Jan


    A new species, Cleisostoma yersinii J. Ponert & Vuong, is described and illustrated based on the material collected in the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in southern Vietnam. In addition to conventional (macro)morphological examination we comparatively investigated root and leaf anatomy (using light and fluorescent microscopy), assessed nectar characteristics (using HPLC analysis), determined nuclear genome size (using DNA flow cytometry) and reconstructed phylogenetic relationships (using nrITS sequences). Cleisostoma yersinii differs from its putative closest relative C. birmanicum in wider and shorter leaves, larger flowers, distinct lip with S-shaped tip of the mid-lobe, and a shallow spur with two large nectar sacks separated by prominent calli and septum. Nectar is sucrose-dominant and very rich in sugars. Stomata are developed on both sides of the leaf and have prominent hyperstomatal chambers and substomatal cavities. Roots with well-developed exodermis and tracheoidal idioblasts are covered by a two-layer Vanda-type velamen. Chloroplasts occur not only in the cortex but are also abundant in the stele. Mean 1C-value was estimated to 2.57 pg DNA. An updated identification key is provided for SE Asian sections and all Vietnamese species of Cleisostoma. PMID:27008538

  17. A New Species of Cleisostoma (Orchidaceae from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Vietnam: A Multidisciplinary Assessment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Ponert

    Full Text Available A new species, Cleisostoma yersinii J. Ponert & Vuong, is described and illustrated based on the material collected in the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in southern Vietnam. In addition to conventional (macromorphological examination we comparatively investigated root and leaf anatomy (using light and fluorescent microscopy, assessed nectar characteristics (using HPLC analysis, determined nuclear genome size (using DNA flow cytometry and reconstructed phylogenetic relationships (using nrITS sequences. Cleisostoma yersinii differs from its putative closest relative C. birmanicum in wider and shorter leaves, larger flowers, distinct lip with S-shaped tip of the mid-lobe, and a shallow spur with two large nectar sacks separated by prominent calli and septum. Nectar is sucrose-dominant and very rich in sugars. Stomata are developed on both sides of the leaf and have prominent hyperstomatal chambers and substomatal cavities. Roots with well-developed exodermis and tracheoidal idioblasts are covered by a two-layer Vanda-type velamen. Chloroplasts occur not only in the cortex but are also abundant in the stele. Mean 1C-value was estimated to 2.57 pg DNA. An updated identification key is provided for SE Asian sections and all Vietnamese species of Cleisostoma.

  18. Měkkýši Hončovy hůrky u Příbora (Slezsko, Česká republika Molluscs of the Hončova Hůrka hill near Příbor (Silesia, Czech Republic

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    Lenka Kotarová


    Full Text Available Hončova Hůrka hill in Skotnice near Příbor is important mineralogical locality. It is formed by rocks of the te­schenite association. It was opened as relatively small picrite quarry with further enlargement due to gravel mi­ning up to present status. Quarries in general possess wide range of habitats. Moreover, teschenite rock association with its high calcium content is favourable environment for land snails. Altogether, 27 land snail species were found in Hončova Hůrka hill, of which four are concerned as near threatened (Ena montana, Vertigo pygmaea, Daudebardia rufa and Pupilla muscorum. This site thus has a potential as local refugium for endangered species and deserves our attention.

  19. Magnetocaloric properties of TbN, DyN and HoN nanopowders prepared by the plasma arc discharge method. (United States)

    Shinde, K P; Jang, S H; Kim, J W; Kim, D S; Ranot, M; Chung, K C


    We report for the first time the synthesis of nanopowders of TbN, DyN and HoN crystallized in a cubic structure by the plasma arc discharge (PAD) method and investigate their magnetocaloric properties for magnetic refrigeration applications. The nitridization of terbium, dysprosium and holmium was obtained using a mixture of nitrogen and argon gas inside a discharge chamber with 4 kPa pressure. The structural and microstructural properties of these rare earth nitrides were investigated by using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The studied nitrides undergo a second-order ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition at Curie temperatures of 35.7, 19.9 and 14.2 K for TbN, DyN and HoN, respectively. The magnetocaloric effects were estimated by calculating the magnetic entropy changes from the magnetization data sets measured at the different applied magnetic fields and temperatures. The changes in entropy -ΔSM were found to be 12.0, 13.6 and 24.5 J kg(-1) K(-1) at an applied magnetic field of 5 T.

  20. 14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-claude Gadmer


    14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

  1. 8 April 2013 - Indian Hon'ble Minister for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Sudini Jaipal Reddy in the LHC tunnel with K. Foraz, visiting the CMS cavern with Technical Coordinator A. Ball and Former Spokesperson T. Virdee, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Samuel Morier-Genoud


    8 April 2013 - Indian Hon'ble Minister for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Sudini Jaipal Reddy in the LHC tunnel with K. Foraz, visiting the CMS cavern with Technical Coordinator A. Ball and Former Spokesperson T. Virdee, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer.

  2. 8 February 2017 - Sri Lanka Hon. Minister of Science, Technology and Research A. D. S. Premajayantha signing the International Cooperation Agreement concerning Scientific and Technical Cooperation in High-Energy Physics 2017 with CERN Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien


    Were present: Hon. A. D. Susil Premajayantha, Minister of Science, Technology and Research, Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka; H.E. Mr Ravinatha Aryasinha, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mrs Samantha Jayasuriya, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Ms Shashika Somaratne, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mr Gihan Indragupta, Member of Sri Lanka Foreign service and Head of the G15 Secretariat; Ms Dilini Gunasekera, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mr Prageeth Herath , Supporting staff, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka. CERN: Mr Andrzej Charkiewicz, CMS Ressources Manager; Ms Sofia Intoudi, Legal Officer; Dr Rüdiger Voss, Senior Adviser, International Relations; Ms Charlotte Warakaulle, Director for International Relations

  3. “Behandl dig selv med honning"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mejrup, Kristian; Bjerring-Nielsen, Mattias


    with a heavenly figure, a potent Joseph lookalike, who reveals to her inexpressible secrets mediated in an exuberant honeycomb. The revelatory capacity of honey is stylistically rendered by means of repetition, pleonasm, chorus, reprises and gestures. The encounter with “Das ganz Andere” does not leave Aseneth...

  4. “Behandl dig selv med honning"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mejrup, Kristian; Bjerring-Nielsen, Mattias


    Abstract: This article has a twofold purpose: to investigate the symbolic richness and abundant sweetness of honey and to employ ‘honey treatment’ as a strategy for reading the honeycombapocalypse comprised in the Jewish legend of Joseph and Aseneth. This text tells of Aseneth’s encounter with a ...... entirely perturbed and paralysed. In fact, her free speech and wits remain as if protected by a honeysweetened agency. The article emphasizes the necessity of a ‘conversion’ by the reader enabling him to grasp the sublime potential of the aesthetics of sweetness....

  5. Architecture, landscape architecture and interior- Hons B 2009

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Osman, A


    Full Text Available . This unashamedly contemporary proposal seeks to compliment without copying. Zuvela, Domonik[A] Heritage Paul Kruger Precinct Pretoria o�ers many interesting opportunities for in�ll. As a city centre it is neither coherent (in stylistic era) nor cohesive... at the study of local precedents and history, the social, environmental and economic cost of development, participatory planning, settlement design concepts, spatial concepts, an approach to appropriate materi- als and construction methods and urban design...

  6. Fiscal year 1999 budget request for the Department of Energy. Hearings before the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, US Senate, One Hundred Fifth Congress, Second Session, March 4, 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This contains statements on the US DOE budget request for fiscal year 1999 by Hon. Daniel K. Akaka, Hawaii, Hon. Jeff Bingaman, New Mexico, Hon. Ben Nighthorse Campbell, Colorado, Hon. Larry E. Craig, Idaho, Hon. Slade Gorton, Washington, Hon. Rod Grams, Minnesota, Hon. Tim Johnson, South Dakota, Hon. Frank H. Murkowski, Hon. Federicao Pena, Secretary, Department of Energy, Hon. Gordon H. Smith, Oregon, Hon. Craig Thomas, Wyoming.

  7. Characterisation of recombinant pyranose oxidase from the cultivated mycorrhizal basidiomycete Lyophyllum shimeji (hon-shimeji

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    Yamabhai Montarop


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The flavin-dependent enzyme pyranose 2-oxidase (P2Ox has gained increased attention during the last years because of a number of attractive applications for this enzyme. P2Ox is a unique biocatalyst with high potential for biotransformations of carbohydrates and in synthetic carbohydrate chemistry. Recently, it was shown that P2Ox is useful as bioelement in biofuel cells, replacing glucose oxidase (GOx, which traditionally is used in these applications. P2Ox offers several advantages over GOx for this application, e.g., its much broader substrate specificity. Because of this renewed interest in P2Ox, knowledge on novel pyranose oxidases isolated from organisms other than white-rot fungi, which represent the traditional source of this enzyme, is of importance, as these novel enzymes might differ in their biochemical and physical properties. Results We isolated and over-expressed the p2ox gene encoding P2Ox from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Lyophyllum shimeji. The p2ox cDNA was inserted into the bacterial expression vector pET21a(+ and successfully expressed in E. coli Rosetta 2. We obtained active, flavinylated recombinant P2Ox in yields of approximately 130 mg per L of medium. The enzyme was purified by a two-step procedure based on anion exchange chromatography and preparative native PAGE, yielding an apparently homogenous enzyme preparation with a specific activity of 1.92 U/mg (using glucose and air oxygen as the substrates. Recombinant P2Ox from L. shimeji was characterized in some detail with respect to its physical and catalytic properties, and compared to the well-characterised enzymes from Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Trametes multicolor. Conclusion L. shimeji P2Ox shows properties that are comparable to those of P2Ox from white-rot fungal origin, and is in general characterised by lower Km and kcat values both for electron donor (sugar as well as electron acceptor (ferrocenium ion, 1,4-benzoquinone, 2,6-dichloroindophenol. While L. shimeji P2Ox is the least thermostable of these three enzymes (melting temperature Tm of 54.9°C; half-life time of activity τ1/2 of 0.12 at 50°C and pH 6.5, P. chrysosporium P2Ox showed remarkable thermostability with Tm of 75.4°C and τ1/2 of 96 h under identical conditions.

  8. Students' first year experience of a BSc (Hons) in nursing: a pilot study. (United States)

    Gale, Julia; Ooms, Ann; Newcombe, Paul; Marks-Maran, Di


    All new nurses in England from 2013 will be educated at the point of registration to the degree level. A study was undertaken into the first-year experience of one cohort on the new degree programme at one university. The aim of the study was to evaluate nursing students' experience during the first year of the degree programme in terms of their engagement with the programme, its impact and value and their overall satisfaction. A mixed method qualitative and quantitative survey design was used. One cohort of students at one university in south west London was studied. In total 96 out of 256 students completed the online survey questionnaire (response rate=37.5%). Data were collected through an online questionnaire survey comprising Likert-style, demographic and open-ended questions. Data were analysed using SPSS version 19 and through the framework method. Students' responses were largely positive. Areas of concern expressed included assessment timings and juggling personal/family commitments with academic workload. Although some experienced a degree of stress in year 1 the majority indicated that stress was not a problem; some experienced little or no stress at all. Students were positive about the quality of teaching, support received, and their relationships with academic staff. Satisfaction with year 1 was high. A small percentage considered leaving during year 1. Factors that made them stay included personal motivation to succeed, family support and help from academic staff and mentors. Overall attrition rate is low. As nursing in England moves to an all-graduate profession at the point of registration it is timely to evaluate issues like attrition, the students' engagement with their academic and practice experience, the impact on them of their assignments/assessments, stressors, their perceptions of quality, what makes them stay and their overall satisfaction. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Situacion y problematica actual de la pesqueria y la acuicultura en las zonas costeras de Hon


    Espinoza, Jonathan


    No determinado. Se describe a grandes rasgos la situación de la pesca artesanal en las costas norte (Caribe) y sur (Pacífico) del país. El gobierno de Honduras en colaboración con el gobierno del Japón (JICA) ha implementado un Proyecto de Modernización de las Comunidades Costeras para la capacitación y equipamiento de los pescadores artesanales en la Zona Norte del país.

  10. Sales of English to Japanese/Japanese to English translation software, `The translation professional V4.0`; Einichi/Nichiei hon`yaku soft `The hon`yaku professional V4.0` wo hatsubai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    An English to Japanese/Japanese to English translation software, `The translation professional V4.0` was put on sale. The software can translate `Word`, `Excel`, `PowerPoint` and Internet home pages, further by mounting the OCR software, any printed documents. The software contains an English-Japanese dictionary containing 240,000 words, and a Japanese-English dictionary containing 140,000 words, the numbers being larger than those contained in the conventional translation software having been sold by the company. Highly accurate translation is possible on electronic mails, news and chats, making the software versatile from personal use to business use. Other functions mounted as new translation aiding functions include the `quick translation function` which can perform quick translation only by appointing words and letters on a screen by a mouse, the `translation memory function` which can reflect already translated documents to subsequent translation work only by registering the previously translated documents, and the `pattern translation function` which can register frequently used sentences as a template. Thus, translation can be executed easily but completely. Still additional functions include the `collective registration function` which can register CSV of English and Japanese and dictionary data of UPF form into a translation dictionary, and the `dictionary structuring aiding function` which extracts automatically those words that may be better used if registered into the translation dictionary from existing documents. Thus, conventional translation resources can be utilized more effectively. `The dictionary for professional terms for translators` comprising optional dictionaries for professional terms of English-Japanese and Japanese-English use has also been put on sale. The dictionary contains about 520,000 words covering such eight fields as chemistry/metallurgy, biology, physics/mathematics, information/computers/communications, machinery/plants/architecture, electrics/electronics, and medical science. (translated by NEDO)

  11. An investigation of the relationship between ethnicity and success in a BSc (Hons) Physiotherapy degree programme in the UK. (United States)

    Williams, Annabel; Norris, Meriel; Cassidy, Elizabeth; Naylor, Sandra; Marston, Louise; Shiers, Pam


    To explore the potential relationship between ethnicity and achievement within undergraduate physiotherapy education. A retrospective analysis of assessment marks awarded for academic and clinical modules. A London University offering undergraduate physiotherapy education. Four hundred forty-eight undergraduate students enrolled onto the Physiotherapy honours degree programme between 2005 and 2009. Marks awarded following academic or clinical assessment. These were modelled through multivariable regression analysis to evaluate the relationship between marks awarded and ethnicity. Differences were noted between ethnic categories in final programme success and across academic and clinical modules. Our multivariable analysis demonstrated students from Asian backgrounds had decreased odds of succeeding compared with white British students (adjusted OR 0.43 95%CI 0.24, 0.79 P=0.006), as had Black students (adjusted OR 0.42 95%CI 0.19, 0.95 P=0.036) and students from Other ethnic backgrounds (adjusted OR 0.41 95%CI 0.20, 0.87 P=0.020). This analysis of undergraduate physiotherapy students illustrated a persistent difference in attainment between students from white British and those from BME backgrounds. Heterogeneity in academic outcomes both within and between minority ethnic groups was illustrated. This study not only reinforces the need to consider ethnicity within physiotherapy education but also raises further questions about why physiotherapy students from BME groups perform less well than their white British peers. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  12. Biographical sketch: Nosrat Ollah Ameli, MB, ChB (Hons), ChM (Birm), FICS, FRCS (Eng). (United States)

    Alimi, Marjan; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa


    Nosrat Ollah Ameli (1913-2010) was one of the pioneers in Iranian neurosurgery. After training in England in the 1950s, Ameli returned to his country to found the Darioush Kabir Hospital, where he started the first neurosurgical ward in collaboration with Prof. E. Samiy. Here he applied his genius and innovation to develop unique approaches to the management of challenging neurosurgical techniques, in the context of limited resource available at that time. He started the training of neurosurgeons in Iran. He was internationally recognised being elected as a vice president of the World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies (WFNS). His efforts extended beyond neurosurgery to many other fields. He published extensively in international peer reviewed medical journals around the world and contributed to the foundation of Acta Medica Iranica journal, the first scientific medical journal in English published by Tehran University of Medical Sciences. His efforts to improve medical education in Iran continued even through his years of retirement. This article recounts Nosrat Ollah Ameli's many contributions to Iran's medical education as well as his achievements as a neurosurgeon.

  13. Han/Hon/Hen : en intervjustudie om genus, könsroller och könsneutrala ord


    Nilsson, Kamilla


    I denna intervjustudie har jag använt mig av kvalitativa intervjuer för att ta reda på hur pedagoger resonerar kring genus, könsroller och könsneutrala ord på förskolan. Intervjuerna har jag genomfört utifrån frågeställningar som tar upp pedagogers medvetenheten kring språk som genusformare, hur och vad de gör för att motverka de traditionella könsrollerna samt användningen av könsneutrala ord på förskolan. Resultatet visar att pedagogerna ser på barnen som individer istället för bärare av ge...

  14. Controllability of arc jet from arc horns with slits. Suritto tsuki aku hon no aku jetto seigyo tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sunabe, Kinya; Fukagawa, Hirotada.; (Central Research Inst. of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo, Japan)


    New horns in jumper of steel tower for ultra-super high tension transmission line were developed to experiment the retaining performance of the arc jet. A type horn has the hemispherical tip with slits and B type horn has additionally the electrode in the central part. If the division number of slits are 4 or 6 in the A type horn, the occurrence distribution of the angle(theta)between two axes of the arc jet and of the electrode can be limited between 16 and 12 degree respectively at conditions of the electrode of 200mm diameter and 5kA arc current. Especially, the arc jet controllability is superior at heavy current area of 5kA or more. The thickness of diameter cannot result any difference. The slit division number in the B type cannot result any difference. That is, theta can be limited to less than 20 degree at the rate of 90% or more at 5kA or less but theta widens to 40 degree at 10kA or more. This means that B type is excellent in smaller current area where theta can be limited to the tip area around the central electrode. It may appear better that the horn has the flat tip shape, 4 to 6 slits, thick central electrode and large gap between the external electrode. 3 refs., 23 figs., 1 tab.

  15. Recognizing the Service and Achievements of Major William W. Ma, United States Marine Corps ; The Hon. John P. Murtha of Pennsylvania in the House of Representatives


    Murtha, John P.


    Major Ma's education includes a Master of Business Administration from the Naval Postgraduate School as a Conrad Scholar Awardee. Mr. MURTHA. Madam Speaker, I rise today to pay tribute to an outstanding officer who will shortly be leaving active duty. Major William W. Ma will be retiring from the United States Marine Corps on March 31, 2010, after more than 21 years of active military service, culminating as Director, Marine Corps Appropriations Matters in the Secretary of the Navy’s Appro...

  16. Madness and Rulers: Events in Coorg and London in 1810, as observed by the Hon. Arthur Cole, the resident at Mysore. (United States)

    Jain, Sanjeev; Sarin, Alok


    What happens if a King becomes mentally ill? Excerpts from the personal papers of Arthur Henry Cole, Resident to the Kingdom of Mysore in 1809, open up fascinating insights into the madness of rulers, in neighboring Coorg and faraway London, and ways in which different societies responded to this. Musings on legal capacity and restrictions imposed on account of insanity, as well as migration and ennui in imperial colonies inevitably follow.

  17. Guillem Fabre, “Pus dels majors” (BdT 216.2; Id., “Hon mais vey, pus truep sordeyor” (BdT 216.1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Paterson


    Full Text Available The historical circumstances of Guillem Fabre’s two surviving sirventes has given rise to widely divergent views. This essay builds on Parducci’s contextualisation of BdT 216.2 during the War of the Sicilian Vespers and the so-called Aragonese crusade by the French against Pere III of Aragon in 1284-1285. It argues that Guillem is likely to be referring to events say entre nos because Narbonne was the focal point of the gathering French army and preaching of the crusade. All other textual details are compatible with this period and best explained by this context. But while Parducci places the sirventes in May 1285, it must in fact have preceded the death of Martin IV on 29 March, since his speedily-appointed successor Honorius IV could not be blamed for not having preached a crusade against the heathen before the conflict degenerated into further atrocities. Furthermore a slightly earlier timing better explains the allusion to “the best-known man in the world”, the obvious candidate at this time being Charles of Anjou. Guillem probably composed BdT 216.2 during the build-up to war in 1284, before the death of Charles in January 1285, during the period of war preparations and propaganda speeches. It is also argued here that, pace Parducci, BdT 216.1 did not necessarily precede BdT 216.2.

  18. Sales of English to Japanese/Japanese to English translation software, 'The translation professional V4. 0'. Einichi/Nichiei hon'yaku soft 'The hon'yaku professional V4. 0' wo hatsubai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    An English to Japanese/Japanese to English translation software, 'The translation professional V4.0' was put on sale. The software can translate 'Word', 'Excel', 'PowerPoint' and Internet home pages, further by mounting the OCR software, any printed documents. The software contains an English-Japanese dictionary containing 240,000 words, and a Japanese-English dictionary containing 140,000 words, the numbers being larger than those contained in the conventional translation software having been sold by the company. Highly accurate translation is possible on electronic mails, news and chats, making the software versatile from personal use to business use. Other functions mounted as new translation aiding functions include the 'quick translation function' which can perform quick translation only by appointing words and letters on a screen by a mouse, the 'translation memory function' which can reflect already translated documents to subsequent translation work only by registering the previously translated documents, and the 'pattern translation function' which can register frequently used sentences as a template. Thus, translation can be executed easily but completely. Still additional functions include the 'collective registration function' which can register CSV of English and Japanese and dictionary data of UPF form into a translation dictionary, and the 'dictionary structuring aiding function' which extracts automatically those words that may be better used if registered into the translation dictionary from existing documents. Thus, conventional translation resources can be utilized more effectively. 'The dictionary for professional terms for translators' comprising optional dictionaries for professional terms of English-Japanese and Japanese-English use has also been put on sale. The dictionary contains about 520,000 words covering such eight fields as chemistry/metallurgy, biology, physics/mathematics, information/computers/communications, machinery/plants/architecture, electrics/electronics, and medical science. (translated by NEDO)

  19. Development of movie caption translation lecture site using MobileMotion{sub TM}; MobileMotion{sub TM} wo mochiita jimaku hon'yaku koza site no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The site of Internet that performs the correspondence education for bringing up a movie caption translator was developed. Correspondence education that fully deepens understanding was obtained by distributing a motion picture using MPEG-4 distribution software (MobileMotion{sub TM}) and performing the learning based on bi-directional communication. HTML distribution and E-mail transmission and reception are done from Gaga Communications, and a MobileMotion{sub TM} file is distributed from the OnDemand Server of Toshiba. This reduces the communication traffic of heavy motion picture data. (translated by NEDO)

  20. 生活模式与糖尿病互动关系的京港跨地区研究%Lifestyle apraisal of Diabetic Patients -A Comparative Study between Hon Kong and Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何敏贤; 陈永昌; 李咏茜; 屈铭伸; 施建农; 高尚仁; 林小玲


    本研究对35名北京和59名香港的胰岛素依赖型(I型)糖尿病病人进行测试。病人需提供他们生活模式和服食糖尿病药物资料。主诊医生则提供病人病情的资料。结果显示北京病人运动的次数比香港病人多。香港病人服用其它非糖尿病药物和面对"应激事件"的次数则比北京病人多。香港男病人的生活模式比女病人和北京病人都差。北京病人中,生活模式与服药的服从程度和糖尿病病情均没有显著性的关系。但在香港病人中,怠倦的生活模式与服药的服从程度有关联。而且,服药的服从程度越低则医治糖尿效果越差。估计京港糖尿病人的生活模式差异与两地都市化和西方化的不同程度有关。按研究结果推断,生活模式教育或会对控制糖尿病病情起正面的作用。%We measured the lifestyles,drug compliance behaviours and glycated haemoglobin (HbA1) values of insulin-de pendent (Type I ) diabetes mellitus (IDDM) patients in Beijing (n = 35) and Hong Kong (n = 59) respectively. Beijing IDDM patients exercised more frequently than their Hong Kong counterparts,who iu turn were more likely to take other non -dia betes drugs and encounter stressful events more frequently. The lifestyles of Hong Kong male IDMM patients were less healthy as compared to Hong Kong female and Beijing IDMM patients. Lifestyle was not associated with drug compliance or treatment outcome among Beijing IDMM patients. Among Hong Kong IDMM patients. a more sedentary lifestyle was associated with less drug compliance,which in turn was related to poorer treatment outcome. The difference in lifestyles between Beijing and Hong Kong IDMM patents might reflect the different degrees of urbanization and Westernisation in the two cities. Results suggest that IDMM patients could benefit from a lifestyle intervention program.

  1. Se på din storlek! Kanske hon försvarade sig? : En studie kring attityder gentemot kvinnors våld mot män i nära relationer


    Sjögren, Marie; Linder, Helene


    Syftet med studien är åskådliggöra hur myndigheter, publika medier och medmänniskor skriver om och talar kring män som utsätts för våld i nära relationer, att beskriva den verklighet som dessa män befinner sig i och vad som behövs för att åstadkomma en attitydförändring.Metoden baserades på en narrativ analys utifrån vetenskapliga och populärvetenskapliga artiklar samt texter från publika medier från SocIndex och Google. De teoretiska utgångspunkterna har varit bland annat normer gällande kön...

  2. Joint stiffness identification of body structure using neural network. Jointed part composed of 2 beams; Neural network ni yoru shatai kozo no ketsugo gosei dotei. Buzai 2 hon kara naru ketsugobu no baai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Okabe, A.; Tomioka, N. [Nihon University, Tokyo (Japan)


    The method to obtain a joint stiffness value from displacements of jointed part using hierarchical neural networks in case of a jointed part composed of two beams were proposed. First, the sample data of displacements of jointed part vs. joint stiffness are prepared as learned data. Second, the relations between displacements of jointed part and joint stiffness are constructed from these learned data using a hierarchical neural networks. It was found that the value of joint stiffness can be obtained from displacement of jointed part by the trained neural network. 4 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. New Zealand's Athletes are Expecting to Compet in the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games a letter to Civilization from the prime minister of New Zealand, Rt.hon Helen Clark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Helen; Clark


    Dear Readers of Civilization Magazine New Zealand is a nation located on two very large and a number of small islands in the south of the South Pacific. That together with its population of just over four million people makes New Zealand just about as culturally and geographically different from China as is possible.

  4. Dinámica de materia orgánica en el Parque Natural El Hon­do de Elche-Crevillente (España Dynamics of organic matter in the Nature Reserve El Hondo de Elche-Crevillente (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Córdoba


    Full Text Available Se estudió la variabilidad espacio­temporal de carbono orgánico en suelos del Parque Natural El Hondo de Elche-Crevillente en relación con la evolución en el tiempo y con el tipo de cubiertas vegetales. A su vez, se analizan los posi­bles cambios en el tiempo asociados al uso y a la gestión del territorio. Los resul­tados mostraron diferencias significativas (ANOVA pThe space-temporary organic carbon variability was studied in soils from Na­ture Reserve El Hondo in relation with its time evolution and with the vegetation covers. At the same time, the possible changes produced along the time associ­ated with the use and management of the territory were analyzed. The results re­vealed significant differences between su­perficial covers and periods of sampling (ANOVA p<0.05. The great diversity of covers and the anthropic use manifested the great space-temporary differences in the organic carbon content of these soils and the possibilities of sequestration of carbon in different soils present at the same environment.

  5. 77 FR 31350 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice (United States)


    ...-12495-006 4-18-12 Hon. Cathy McMorris Rodgers. 7. CP12-50-000 4-19-12 Hon. Kent Conrad. 8. EL12-56-000 4...-000. 5-26-12 Joseph M. Power. \\1\\ Email record. \\2\\ Email record for both May 10th and May 17th....

  6. 75 FR 18937 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the... (United States)


    ... Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(d) of the... (Transmittal No. DDTC 09-153.) Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker... (Transmittal No. DDTC 10-003.) Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam...

  7. Quality of Health Information on the Internet for Urolithiasis on the Google Search Engine. (United States)

    Chang, Dwayne T S; Abouassaly, Robert; Lawrentschuk, Nathan


    Purpose. To compare the quality of health information on the Internet for keywords related to urolithiasis, to assess for difference in information quality across four main Western languages, and to compare the source of sponsorship in these websites. Methods. Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles were utilised to determine quality information. Fifteen keywords related to urolithiasis were searched on the Google search engine. The first 150 websites were assessed against the HON principles and the source of sponsorship determined. Results. A total of 8986 websites were analysed. A proportion of HON-accredited websites for individual search terms range between 2.5% and 12.0%. The first 50 websites were more likely to be HON-positive compared to websites 51-100 and 101-150. French websites searched were more likely to be HON-positive whereas German websites were less likely to be HON-positive than English websites. There was no statistically significant difference between the rate of HON-positive English and Spanish websites. The three main website sponsors were from government/educational sources (40.2%), followed by commercial (29.9%) and physician/surgeon sources (18.6%). Conclusions. Health information on most urolithiasis websites was not validated. Nearly one-third of websites in this study have commercial sponsorship. Doctors should recognise the need for more reliable health websites for their patients.

  8. Environ: E00207 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ], Linolic acid, Lonicerin [CPD:C17557] Lonicera japonica [TAX:105884] Same as: D09140 Caprifoliaceae (hon...eysuckle family) Lonicera japonica flower bud; Standards for non-pharmacopoeial crude drugs ...

  9. Our Commitment to Reliable Health and Medical Information (United States)

    ... the eight HONcode principles is given a unique dynamic seal to place on their pages. The seal is directly linked to a HONcode certificate located on the HON website. T his certificate specifies how the certified website ...

  10. Pidu keelatud vilja auks / Shanti Broeng

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Broeng, Shanti


    Saagikoristusajal taani graafilise disaineri Rikke Larseni maakodus Põhja-Själlandil. R. Larsen teeb õuntest, marjadest ja lilledest taimeseadeid, mida ta müüb oma sisustuskaupluses Honning & Flora. 7 värv. ill

  11. Friends of the National Library of Medicine (United States)

    Skip Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / ... Javascript on. The Hon. Paul G. Rogers Chairman, Friends of the National Library of Medicine and former ...

  12. 40 CFR 205.158 - Labeling requirements. (United States)


    ..., and four spaces for the advertised engine displacement respectively. (7) All motorcycle manufacturers... HOD Honda HON Husqvarna HUS JAWA/CZ JAW Kawasaki KAW KTM KTM Laverda LAV Moto Benilli BEN Moto Guzzi...

  13. Developmental reading disorder (United States)

    ... else in the family has had dyslexia. Psychoeducational testing and psychological assessment may be done. Treatment A different approach ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation ( The information provided herein should ...

  14. Children and grief (United States)

    ... a candle, pray, float a balloon to the sky, or look at photos. Let your child's teachers ... to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation ( The information provided herein ...

  15. Erection problems (United States)

    ... monitoring to test how strong your erection is Psychological tests to check for depression and other emotional problems ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation ( The information provided herein should ...

  16. The Achilles' heel of prevention to mother-to-child transmission of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Sep 19, 2017 ... gBA(Hons), is a Project Supervisor in the HIV/AIDS/STIs and TB (HAST) Research ... Outer-setting themes included facility space, ..... professional nurses, assistance nurses, staff/enrolled nurses, and ..... (Facility Operation.

  17. Binding of pyrene to dissolved organic matters:fractionation and characterization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Jing-yu; ZHOU Jiang-min; QIN Shu-ping


    Based on a modified Leenheer DOM fractionation scheme, fractionation of DOM from the paddy soil was conducted by using XAD-8 resin into hydrophobic bases(HOB), hydrophobic acids(HOA), acid-insoluble matter(AIM), hydrophobic neutrals(HON) and hydrophilic matter(HIM). In total carbon content of DOM, 35.32% were the HIM and only 0.73% the HOB. However, HOA and AIM altogether occupied 53.45%, while the HON fraction represented 10%. The sorption experiments were conducted to determine the sorption capcity of pyrene on unfractionated DOM and its fractions. Elemental analysis, 1H-NMR and FTIR spectra were carried out on unfractionated DOM and its fractions to examine the relationship between the structure of DOM and partition coefficients(Koc). The results showed that HON had a greater affinity for binding pyrene than other fractions. While HON was characterized by large long-chain alkylate (aliphatic structure). AIM exhibited relative higher Koc values than HOA and HIM, due to much aromatic structure in AIM, while the high content of carboxylic groups of HOA and HIM depressed their binding capacity. This study demonstrates HON is a key subcomponents of DOM in binding of pyrene, in other words, aliphalic structure in DOM play a important role in binding of pyrene.

  18. Critical Analysis of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Need


    King-Hill, Sophie


    This paper intends to provide a critique of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Need, a psychological model that often goes unquestioned within the education sector. Examples will be given of the authors own professional practice and experience in relation to the Hierarchy of Need (HON) and discussed in terms of the critique. The paper concludes that whilst some elements of the HON may be useful in education it does have some serious flaws that also need to be considered when applying this to practice. Thi...

  19. 75 FR 1372 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice (United States)


    ..., CP09-7-000 12-17-09 John Hempton. 4. CP09-6-000, CP09-7-000 12-17-09 Linda Martin. 5. CP09-6-000, CP09... Cindy Straughan. 4. CP09-6-000 12-14-09 Hon. Ron Wyden. 5. CP09-35-000 12-8-09 John G. Wadsworth. 6. Project No. 3052-000 12-23-09 Mark Aumann.\\1\\ 7. Project No. 3052-000 12-22-09 Hon. Ron Kind. 8....

  20. The Collins Center Update. Volume 1, Issue 3, December 1999 (United States)


    CDN), devel oped and executed the FORO DE ESTRATEGIA NACIONAL 2005 Hon­ du ras en el Siglo XXI (FEN 2005) {Na tional Strategy Forum 2005 Hon du­ ras...that partici pated included the Air Force Space Command, Air Combat Com mand, U. S. Atlan tic Fleet, and U.S. Pa cific Fleet. The CSL team provided...quire ments and deter mine the US Army medi cal force structure and logis tics needs in the 2018 time frame. It is antici pated that the game will

  1. Entrance Qualifications Affect the Performance of Nutrition Students at University: A Pilot Study (United States)

    Owusu-Apenten, Richard; Xu, Wen Li


    This study assessed the effect of admissions qualifications on the subsequent academic performances of BSc nutrition students at a UK university. Entrance qualifications for three groups (Grp01, Grp02, Grp03) reading for a BSc(Hons) degree in, Dietetics, Food & Nutrition or Human Nutrition (n = 105) were determined from their UCAS (Universities…

  2. Malta's Deputy Premier Promoted Malta to Chinese Businesses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Manman


    @@ On March 24,2010,malta Investment Promotion Conference was held in the Building of CCPIT.Hon Tonio Borg,Matar's Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs attended and addressed the conference himself.Dong Songgen,Vice President of CCOPIT,and Karl Xuereb,Ambassador of Malta both participated in the conference.

  3. CPAFFC——An Honest Friend of the People of the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Promoting friendship among countries is promoting hon-esty among peoples of the world.The CPAFFC not only promotes friendship and mutual understand-ing between peoples of China and other countries in the world, but also gives great experience to the people for thinking honestly, work-

  4. Problem Based Learning in Constructed Textile Design (United States)

    Sayer, Kate; Wilson, Jacquie; Challis, Simon


    Staff observing undergraduate students enrolled on the BSc Hons Textile Design and Design Management programme in The School of Materials, The University of Manchester, identified difficulties with knowledge retention in the area of constructed textile design. Consequently an experimental pilot was carried out in seamless knitwear design using a…

  5. A Computational Auditory Scene Analysis System for Speech Segregation and Robust Speech Recognition (United States)


    Droppo, J., Acero , A., 2005. Dynamic compensation of HMM variances using the feature enhancement uncertainty computed from a parametric model of speech...analysis. IEEE Trans. on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing 15, 396–405. Huang, X., Acero , A., Hon, H., 2001. Spoken Language Processing. Prentice Hall

  6. Building Relationships through a Digital Branch Library: Finding the Community in Community College Library Websites (United States)

    Pampaloni, Andrea M.; Bird, Nora J.


    This study evaluates whether or not community college libraries have in place the characteristics necessary to develop digital branch libraries to meet the expanding and changing needs of their publics. Using Hon and Grunig's (1999) relationship building criteria as a framework, 98 community college library websites were analyzed to determine…

  7. Multiyear survey targeting disease incidence in US honey bees (United States)

    The US National Honey Bee Disease Survey sampled colony pests and diseases from 2009 to 2014. We verified the absence of Tropilaelaps spp., the Asian honey bee (Apis cerana), and slow bee paralysis virus. Endemic health threats were quantified, including Varroa destructor, Nosema spp., and eight hon...

  8. 100eme anniversaire de la théorie de la relativité Une BD romande : Mélanges Einstein (Albert) et l'histoire de la physique

    CERN Multimedia

    Tesnier, Grégory


    2005 has been delcared "Year of Physics" by UNESCO and ONU to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the theory of relativity, elaborated by Einstein (who lived in Bern). To hon. Einstein, an historical comic strip has been published (1 page)

  9. Essential oils of camphor tree (cinnamomum camphora nees & eberm cultivated in Southern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caren D. Frizzo


    Full Text Available The essential oils of two varieties of Camphor tree (Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm, Lauraceae, known as Hon-Sho and Ho-Sho cultivated in experimental stands in Southern Brazil were studied. The essential oils were obtained from the leaves and twigs of young plants by hydrodistillation. The identification of the components was performed using GC, GC/MS and retention indexes on methyl silicone and carbowax phases. The main components identified were linalool in the Ho-Sho and camphor in the Hon-Sho.Os óleos essenciais de duas variedades da árvore canforeira (Cinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm, Lauraceae, conhecidas como Hon-Sho e Ho-Sho cultivadas em canteiros experimentais no sul do Brasil foram estudados. Os óleos essenciais foram obtidos das folhas e ramos de plantas jovens por hidrodestilação. A identificação dos componentes foi feita por GC, GC/MS e índices de retenção nas fases metil silicone e carbowax. Os principais componentes foram linalol no Ho-Sho e cânfora no Hon-Sho.

  10. Thucydides: Theorist of War (United States)


    this regard edmund burke was particularly perceptive in his understanding of the baleful influence that second- and third-order effects could...plausible schemes, with very pleasing commence- ments, have often shameful and lamentable conclusions.” The works of the right Hon. edmund Burke , ed

  11. Taevalikku rõõmu maisest sisustusest / Shanti Broeng

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Broeng, Shanti


    Taani graafilise disaineri Rikke Larseni, tema abikaasa Larsi ja tütre Camille kodust 200-aastases maamajas Skibbys. Maja on sisustatud vana mööbli ja vanade esemetega. R. Larsen asutas koos emaga sisustuskaupluse Honning & Flora. 13 värv. ill

  12. Language and pain expression. (United States)

    Waddie, N A


    This paper arose during work for a BSc(Hons) dissertation, and considers the theoretical approach of Wittgenstein to pain analysis. This paper seeks to discuss one aspect of the research undertaken representing some of the findings which illustrate the association between pain and language.

  13. The effects of an L-methionine combination supplement on ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    F Rossouw (BA Hons (Biokinetics), MA (Human Movement Studies))2. S J Semple (M Tech (Sport ... slows the rate of decline in CD4+ cell counts and improves the viral load levels after 3 ..... red cells in dehydration. J Appl Physiol 1974; 37: ...

  14. Hearings Before the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs of the United States Senate, Ninety-Second Congress, Second Session on Nutrition and Human Needs. Part 2--Nutritional Needs of Nation's Older Americans. Hearings Held Washington, D.C., June 14, 1972. (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs.

    This hearing before the Senate Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs began with opening statements by a number of senators. Following this, statements were made by a number of witnesses, including Hon. Claude Pepper, a U.S. Representative from the Eleventh District of the State of Florida; Dr. Jean Mayer, professor of nutrition, Harvard…

  15. 76 FR 66361 - Quarterly Publication of Individuals, Who Have Chosen To Expatriate, as Required by Section 6039G (United States)



  16. 77 FR 39698 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice (United States)


    .... CP12-72-000 6-19-12 Mr. and Mrs. G. Heinsohn 7. CP12-11-001 6-21-12 Jason Wallace. 8. CP11-161-000 6-26...-1343-000 and ER12-1345-000. \\2\\ Email record. \\3\\ Hons. Rodney Alexander, Steve Scalise, John...

  17. James Moir (1874–1929) Pioneering Chemical Analyst in South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    commemorated by Chemistry students for the 'James Moir Medal', awarded annually to the top BSc (Hons) or .... was elected President in that year he stated in his Presidential .... President of the Chemical Institute, Dr H.H. Green,11 for the.

  18. Proceedings of the Ship Control Systems Symposium (6th) Held in Ottawa, Canada on 26-30 October 1981. Supplement (United States)


    appointment as Head of the Control Sections in the Ship Department 3 years ago. R. Fulks obaind aB.Sc. (First Class Hons) degree in Electronics, Tele...chartered engineer. Ian Watson Pirie was educated in Scotland and completed a Student Apprenticeship with the Ministry of Defence before being sponsored for

  19. 78 FR 53753 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice (United States)


    ...-52-001 08-07-13 Doug Larson.\\1\\ Exempt: 1. CP12-507-000 03-26-13 FERC Staff.\\2\\ CP12-508-000 2. P... Staff.\\5\\ 5. P-2305-036 08-02-13 FERC Staff.\\6\\ 6. P-1494-000 08-06-13 Hons. Ron Wyden and James...

  20. Extracts of Tsai Tai (Brassica chinensis): enhanced antioxidant activity and anti-aging effects both in vitro and in Caenorhabditis elegans. (United States)

    Chen, Jing; Zhang, Ju; Xiang, Yanxia; Xiang, Limin; Liu, Yongmei; He, Xiangjiu; Zhou, Xiaoju; Liu, Xin; Huang, Zebo


    Tsai Tai is one of the most widely consumed Brassica vegetables in Asian countries because of its good taste and its nutritional benefits. This study evaluated the antioxidant capacity and possible associated health benefits of 3 Tsai Tai (Brassica chinensis) varieties, namely, Hon Tsai Tai, Pak Choi and Choi Sum. The DPPH radical scavenging ability and reducing power assays were performed to evaluate the in vitro activities of the extracts. Caenorhabditis elegans was used as an in vivo model for evaluation of beneficial health effects, including antioxidant activity and delayed aging. In vitro, the Hon Tsai Tai extract exhibited higher antioxidant activities than Pak Choi and Choi Sum, and the total phenolic contents were significantly correlated with the DPPH and RP values. In vivo, the three assayed Tsai Tai extracts significantly increased resistance against paraquat-induced oxidative stress with an increase in survival rates from 15% to 28% compared with controls. However, only the extract from Hon Tsai Tai significantly prolonged the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans, with an 8% increase in the mean lifespan with respect to controls. Further evidence of antioxidant protection was obtained by assessing ROS production via the DCF assay. The analyses of intracellular SOD activity and MDA content confirmed the existence of an antioxidant protective effect. These results suggest that Tsai Tai might serve as a good source of natural antioxidants, and in particular, Hon Tsai Tai could be explored as a potential dietary supplement to retard aging.

  1. Dicty_cDB: FC-IC0905 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available hon... 39 0.057 DQ026513_4( DQ026513 |pid:none) Candida orthopsilosis strain MCO4...7... 39 0.057 AY962590_4( AY962590 |pid:none) Candida orthopsilosis strain MCO45... 39 0.057 AJ249985_2( AJ2

  2. Joint Force Quarterly. Issue 67, 4th Quarter, October 2012 (United States)


    U.S. practice is an unbro- ken chain of command from the President, through his Secretary of Defense, to a subordi- nate uniformed commander. Even...Protocols, art. 82, paras. 3340–3345. 67 H.R. Rep. No. 102-115. 68 Statement of Hon. Wilber M. Brucker, General Counsel, Department of Defense



    and Cooperation in Cyberspace, ed. Panayotis A. Yannakogeorgos and Adam B. Lowther (Boca Raton , FL: Taylor & Francis, 2014), 109. 6 Bryant...Lowther, 109. Boca Raton , FL: Taylor & Francis, 2014. James, Hon. Deborah Lee, and Welsh, Gen Mark A. USAF Strategic Master Plan, May 2015, 53

  4. Compound heterozygosity for severe and hypomorphic NDUFS2 mutations cause non-syndromic LHON-like optic neuropathy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerber, S.; Ding, M.G.; Gerard, X.; Zwicker, K.; Zanlonghi, X.; Rio, M. del; Serre, V.; Hanein, S.; Munnich, A.; Rotig, A.; Bianchi, L.; Amati-Bonneau, P.; Elpeleg, O.; Kaplan, J.; Brandt, U.; Rozet, J.M.


    BACKGROUND: Non-syndromic hereditary optic neuropathy (HON) has been ascribed to mutations in mitochondrial fusion/fission dynamics genes, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA-encoded respiratory enzyme genes or nuclear genes of poorly known mitochondrial function. However, the disease causing gene remains

  5. Development of Health Education Learning Module in Bac.TSE-LDPE Programme in TTI: Needs Analysis Study (United States)

    Ujang, Alijah; Alias, Norlidah; Siraj, Saedah


    This study is to explore the need to develop learning modules of health education for trainee teachers in the Bachelor Of Teaching (Hons)(Special Education-Learning Disabilities For Primary Education) Programme (Bac.TSE-LDPE) in the Teacher Training Institute (TTI). The questionnaire uses the Likert scale with the close ended questions analysed by…

  6. Ambient Intelligence: The MyCampus Experience (United States)


    aspects of privacy in Ambient Intelligence environments (e.g. [Ack04,Hon04, HS04 ,KFJ03, Lan02, LHJ+03, KFJ03]), to the best of our knowledge, the...CA, 2004. [ HS04 ] U. Hengartner, and P, Steenkiste. Implementing access control to people location information. In 9th ACM Symposium on Access

  7. Beyond Borders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    Chinese honored for promoting ecological conservation in Kenya Kenyan President Mwai Kibaki hon-ored Chinese citizen Luo Hong forhis efforts to promote conservation in Kenya.The prize-giving ceremony was held on November 29,2011 at the president’s Harambee House Office in Nairobi,the capital of Kenya.President Mwai Kibaki

  8. TEQSA Annual Report 2014-15 (United States)

    Australian Government Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency, 2015


    This report informs Senator the Hon. Simon Birmingham, Minister for Education and Training, the Parliament of Australia, the Australian higher education community and the general public about the performance of the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA or the Agency) during the financial year ending 30 June 2015. Prepared…

  9. Students as Producers: An "X" Disciplinary Client-Based Approach to Collaborative Art, Design and Media Pedagogy (United States)

    Cocchiarella, Fabrizio; Booth, Paul


    This article presents the findings of a cross-disciplinary project between BA (Hons) Interior Design, Creative Multimedia and Film and Media Studies at a large Metropolitan University in the North of England. The collaboration was part of Unit X, a faculty-wide credit-bearing initiative to enable better collaboration across art and design courses.…

  10. Development of Toxicity Benchmarks for Nitrogen-based Energetic Materials for the Enchytraeid Worm, Enchytraeus crypticus (United States)


    oats spread onto the soil surface. If food from the previous feeding date remained on the soil surface, the amount of food added was adjusted. Every...138. Emery, E.F.; Junk , T.; Ferrell, R.E., Jr.; De Hon, R.; Butler, L.G. Solid-State 2 H MAS NMR Studies of TNT Absorption in Soil and Clays

  11. A new species of Arius

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Popta, C.M.L.


    Among some fishes, forwarded by the late Dr. Bleeker to the Leyden Museum, I came across four specimens evidently belonging to the genus Arius, differing however from all known species of that genus. They therefore represent a new species, which I now describe under the name of Arius Bleekeri in hon

  12. Science Education: Beyond a Liminal Understanding of Knowledge Production and Dissemination (United States)

    Abegglen, Sandra; Bustillos, Jessie


    The present paper is a case study based on a first year BA Hons Education Studies module that explores a number of important questions about the relationship between technology, knowledge and society and begins to think about how our ideas about each of these contribute to an understanding of what education means. Following a Foucauldian…

  13. 75 FR 62173 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the... (United States)


    ... Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(c) of the.... Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(d) of the Arms Export Control Act, I am transmitting.... DDTC 10-077.) Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker:...

  14. 75 FR 51327 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the... (United States)


    ... Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(c) of the... (Transmittal No. DDTC 10-027.) Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker... Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(c) of the Arms Export Control Act, I am...

  15. 75 FR 70344 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the... (United States)


    ... Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(c) of the... 10-036.) Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to.... Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives. Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(c)...

  16. 75 FR 50793 - Bureau of Political-Military Affairs: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls; Notifications to the... (United States)


    ..., Speaker of the House of Representatives Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(c) of the Arms Export...) Hon. Nancy Pelosi, Speaker of the House of Representatives Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Sections 36... House of Representatives Dear Madam Speaker: Pursuant to Section 36(c) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  17. JPRS Report, East Asia, Southeast Asia. (United States)


    the owner of the Honey nightclub. Now he is the owner of a business conducting tours to China. Suwan is the father of Dr Sarasin Wiraphon (Ngo Hang...Fatherland"] [Text] Quang Ninh Province officials have selected Hon Gai City, where the social situation was often in ferment , as a pilot center

  18. Foraging behavior of the Blue Morpho and other tropical butterflies: The chemical and electrophysiological basis of olfactory preferences and the role of color (United States)

    Inside a live butterfly exhibit housing a variety of tropical butterfly species under north-central Florida ambient conditions, we conducted bioassays to determine whether the presence of color would facilitate the location of attractants by the butterflies. In two separate bioassays, the baits (hon...

  19. Entrance Qualifications Affect the Performance of Nutrition Students at University: A Pilot Study (United States)

    Owusu-Apenten, Richard; Xu, Wen Li


    This study assessed the effect of admissions qualifications on the subsequent academic performances of BSc nutrition students at a UK university. Entrance qualifications for three groups (Grp01, Grp02, Grp03) reading for a BSc(Hons) degree in, Dietetics, Food & Nutrition or Human Nutrition (n = 105) were determined from their UCAS…

  20. SAJP 441.indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    F J W Calitz,1 BA (Hons), MA (Clin Psych), DPhil; N J de Jongh2; A Horn2; M L Nel2;G ... the Free State Psychiatric Complex (FSPC) were screened for the diagnosis of PTSD .... Data analysis was performed by the Department of Biostatistics,.

  1. 9 June 2016 - British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Minister of State H. Swire MP signing the guest book with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth


    The Rt Hon Hugo Swire MP Minister of State Foreign and Commonwealth Office United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; in the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with Beams Department Head P. Collier and in ATLAS Visitor Centre with ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson D. Charlton.

  2. 40 CFR 63.1106 - Wastewater provisions. (United States)


    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.1106 Section... Technology Standards § 63.1106 Wastewater provisions. (a) Process wastewater. Except as specified in... source shall comply with the HON process wastewater requirements in §§ 63.132 through 63.148. (1)...

  3. An interview with Dr. Judith Shamian, president, International Council of Nurses. (United States)

    Nagle, Lynn; Shamian, Judith


    Judith Shamian, RN, PhD, LLD (hon), D.Sci (hon), FAAN, is the president of the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Previous positions include immediate past president and CEO of the Victorian Order of Nurses, immediate past President of the Canadian Nurses Association (CNA), executive director of the Office of Nursing Policy at Health Canada and vice-president of nursing at Mount Sinai Hospital. She is the recipient of numerous awards including the Canada's Most Powerful Women: Top 100 award; the Golden Jubilee Medal from the Governor General of Canada; and CNA's 2008 Centennial Award. From my mentor, colleague and friend here are some insights shared with CJNL about her current work and challenges

  4. Analysis of player's in-game performance vs rating: Case study of Heroes of Newerth

    CERN Document Server

    Caplar, Neven; Matijasevic, Maja


    We evaluate the rating system of "Heroes of Newerth" (HoN), a multiplayer online action role-playing game, by using statistical analysis and comparison of a player's in-game performance metrics and the player rating assigned by the rating system. The datasets for the analysis have been extracted from the web sites that record the players' ratings and a number of empirical metrics. Results suggest that the HoN's Matchmaking rating algorithm, while generally capturing the skill level of the player well, also has weaknesses, which have been exploited by players to achieve a higher placement on the ranking ladder than deserved by actual skill. In addition, we also illustrate the effects of the choice of the business model (from pay-to-play to free-to-play) on player population.

  5. Fiscal 2000 survey of geological structures overseas. Exchange of engineers with Vietnam (Coal mining technology); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) Vietnam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    A coal mining engineer exchange project was implemented by Japan and Vietnam for improving on coal mining engineers' production and management technologies in the Asia-Pacific region. Six engineers were dispatched to Hon Cam Training School for mine workers, Hon Gai, where they taught in the period November 12 through December 2, 2000. There were 18 trainees, to whom lectures were given on 16 subjects including the steep slope mining method, excavation technology, transportation technology, ventilation control technology, production control technology, quality control technology, cost and material control, risk control, and centralized monitoring technology. Discussion was also held on the subjects. Ten trainees were invited and received mainly by Taiheiyo Coal Mining Corporation for the period August 24 through September 9, 2000, where they were given lectures and underwent training in the mine. The trainees also visited Isoko Power Station, Coal Research Institute of Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., and Kushiro Plant of Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd. (NEDO)

  6. 缺血性脑卒中患者的血小板激活的系列变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    在缺血性脑卒中后的急性期,血小板活性升高。HonKan Yip等设想并检验在脑卒中后急性期激活的血小板(通过CD62p表达大幅度增加而随后降低,和抗血小板疗法可抑制CD62p表达。

  7. Emergency nursing in Malta: past and present with a vision for the future. (United States)

    Gurney, Diane; Calleja, Paul


    Every other year, the International Council of Nurses convenes a conference. In 2011 it was held in Malta, and Diane Gurney, RN, MS, CEN, ENA Past President, attended to represent ENA. In this article Diane and Paul Calleja, MSc(Manchester) Nurs, BSc (Hons) Nurs, Dip Nurs, Malta Emergency Nurses Association (MENA) International Relationship Officer, describe this visit, the significant nursing history in Malta, emergency nursing, and MENA.

  8. Qingping Straight Sword: The Last Remaining Chinese Sword System?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Berwick


    Full Text Available The following examination of classical Chinese straight sword (jian details the very rare Qingping straight sword system. The study meshes Chinese- and English-sourced research with a revealing interview (conducted by America’s senior Qingping disciples, Reza Momenan and Hon Lee with Lu Junhai—the grandmaster of this unique sword system. The author presents Qingping system as perhaps the only known, complete Chinese sword system surviving from China’s pre-Rebulican era (1911-1949.

  9. Overview of the Development of Australian Combat Ration Packs (United States)


    Bui Land Division Lan graduated from Victoria University of Technology (VUT) firstly with BSc (Hons) in 2000 and then a PhD in Food Science and...their nutritional efficacy and unnecessary waste . Related to the stripping of ration packs is their substitution with non-issue food items referred to...replaced or reformulated depending on feedback from soldiers and sensory evaluation of specific foods and beverages—has led to a steady improvement in

  10. Transforming Binary Uncertainties for Robust Speech Recognition (United States)


    1-0117), an AFRL grant via Veridian and an NSF grant (IIS-0534707). We thank A. Acero and M. L. Seltzer for helpful suggestions. A preliminary...Deng, J. Droppo, and A. Acero , “Dynamic compensation of HMM variances using the feature enhancement uncertainty computed from a parametric model of...amplitude modulation,” IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, vol. 15, pp. 1135–1150, 2004. [16] X. Huang, A. Acero , and H. Hon, Spoken Language Processing

  11. Multirobot Simultaneous Localization and Mapping Using Manifold Representations (United States)


    plausible guesses based on patterns of nonunique features. These two methods have been well treated in the single-robot mapping literature [2], [6...Time Series Analysis ser. Electrical and Computer Engineering : Digital Signal Processing, Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley, 1991. [18] A. Howard and N. Roy...RS Andrew Howard (Member, IEEE) received the B.Sc. (Hons) degree in physics and the Ph.D. degree in engineering from the University of Melbourne

  12. Sub-Saharan Africa Report (United States)


    constant- harass- ment of Government? In which way was Hon Rubia harassing the Government? ’. . vriugo: Mr Speaker, I an* art equally...power, then it regards its rights and privileges as sacros - anct. Then it seeks to make them permanent, one way or another, and raises them above...34 I mean 82 /9274 CSOi 3400/565 all the material and mental creations, the lan- guage, the songs, the art , the games, the politics and the

  13. Albert Edwin William (LOMA) Miles (1912-2008) extracts from personal letters on dental matters. (United States)

    Brown, W A Barry; Liversidge, Helen M


    Professor Miles (1912-2008) was a key player establishing dentistry as an academic subject. In the many letters he wrote to Helen Liversidge and me, he describes his involvement as Hon. Curator of the Odontological Museum, Editor Archives of Oral Biology, Assistant scientific editor of the BDJ. He writes about his association with Robert Maxwell and the Pergamon Press and his interests and friendships.

  14. Report of Accomplishments under the Airport Improvement Program. (United States)


    jHON ;’’MM IN C’IIN’Y .. 𔃻’’ MN’ (G;EN ERAL Av IAT7IJN) S %𔄀 -. . -<kc ’ *~~ * - . . . .- --. AIRPORs ’TRANTIN AID) PROCBRAM PROJECIS PLACID) t- C1 O Proj. Federal of airport no. funds Description ot work R U S 𔃼 PR I ." 0 P (1,NT’N J w) ENENELIP ISLAND 02 $ 225,000 RUNWAY CR0. MARSHALL

  15. Coordinated Research Program in Pulsed Power Physics. (United States)


    Insulated High Current Ion Source" November 21, 1985 Chemical and Nuclear Engineering University of New Mexico Albuquerque, NM 14. Hriar S. Cabayan...hon tachment rate co efficients." %; in ri. 1 2]. he swtch hambr isAlong with these considerations, ,.L filled with a gas of pressures of I several...nergative differentia. d) Permnent Address Mission Research conductivity [(’ 4] Sur?, a charecipristi 1s Corporation. Albuquerque he Mexico USA

  16. Simulation and Optimization at Kansas City Southern Railway: Equipping Management for Success. (United States)


    category deliver grain from the North to serve as chicken feed for the poultry industry in the South. Finally, the bulk of the remaining 9 percent...racks carry wood chips and pulp wood slabs as raw material for the paper industry. Railcar Management Policy KCS manages the movement of railcars at...Coaldale AR Bates AR Cauthron AR Oliver AR Hon AR Operat Mo Tu We Th es: Fr -Ariv- TZ KCS KCS KCS KCS KCS KCS KCS KCS Waldron

  17. A multilingual assessment of melanoma information quality on the Internet. (United States)

    Bari, Lilla; Kemeny, Lajos; Bari, Ferenc


    This study aims to assess and compare melanoma information quality in Hungarian, Czech, and German languages on the Internet. We used country-specific Google search engines to retrieve the first 25 uniform resource locators (URLs) by searching the word "melanoma" in the given language. Using the automated toolbar of Health On the Net Foundation (HON), we assessed each Web site for HON certification based on the Health On the Net Foundation Code of Conduct (HONcode). Information quality was determined using a 35-point checklist created by Bichakjian et al. (J Clin Oncol 20:134-141, 2002), with the NCCN melanoma guideline as control. After excluding duplicate and link-only pages, a total of 24 Hungarian, 18 Czech, and 21 German melanoma Web sites were evaluated and rated. The amount of HON certified Web sites was the highest among the German Web pages (19%). One of the retrieved Hungarian and none of the Czech Web sites were HON certified. We found the highest number of Web sites containing comprehensive, correct melanoma information in German language, followed by Czech and Hungarian pages. Although the majority of the Web sites lacked data about incidence, risk factors, prevention, treatment, work-up, and follow-up, at least one comprehensive, high-quality Web site was found in each language. Several Web sites contained incorrect information in each language. While a small amount of comprehensive, quality melanoma-related Web sites was found, most of the retrieved Web content lacked basic disease information, such as risk factors, prevention, and treatment. A significant number of Web sites contained malinformation. In case of melanoma, primary and secondary preventions are of especially high importance; therefore, the improvement of disease information quality available on the Internet is necessary.

  18. 肯尼亚妇女访问中国(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    "Everything is so new!" said, Hon. Zippora J. Kittony, National Chairman of MYWO, on this, her third visit to China. She was amazed at the number of new developments in China-particularly those concerning Chinese women. At the invitation of the ACWF, Madam Kittony led the KenyanWomen's Delegation to China this autumn, to observe Chinese women's participation in political affairs and economic activities. During the 11-day tour of Jiangxi, Shanghai and Beijing, the six-person delegation personally visited...

  19. Latin America Report (United States)


    34learning in Paradise"--the FNM put on a programme of able and informative speakers and foot-tapping music , supported by a large number of enthusiastic...for their musical arrangements and entertaining interludes. Senator the Hon. Charles Virgill and Mr L Garth Wright who both worked tirelessly in Nassau... Hegel a target of mockery and ambiguity. With such an old tub and few sails, it was logical that he would have difficulty navigating in a period of

  20. Inhibition of influenza A virus replication by rifampicin and selenocystamine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hamzehei, M.; Ledinko, N.


    The effects of selenocystamine, an inhibitor of influenza virus RNA-dependent RNA polymerase in vitro activity, in the antibiotic rifampicin were studied on influenza A/PR/8/34 (HON1) infection in embryonated eggs. Both drugs completely inhibited hemagglutinating and infective virus yields when added at relatively early times postinfection. Maximal inhibition was produced by apparently noncytotoxic concentrations of 50 microgram of selenocystamine, or of 400 microgram of rifampicin, per egg.

  1. QOI6/416: The Health On the Net Code of Conduct for Medical and Health-related Web sites: Three years on


    Boyer, C.; Baujard, V; Nater, T; Scherrer, JR; Appel, RD


    Introduction The explosive growth of the World Wide Web has made it more and more urgent to monitor and improve the quality of the information circulating through the Internet. But assessing medical and health information on the Web is a difficult challenge. In recent years, some organisations have been working on this issue. The Health On the Net Foundation (HON), for its part, administers an eight-point Code of Conduct called the HONcode, initiated in 1996. This solution is different from t...

  2. Microwave Photonic Architecture for Direction Finding of LPI Emitters: Front End Analog Circuit Design and Component Characterization (United States)



  3. JPRS Report, East Europe (United States)


    of Erich Hon- ecker’s until the previous day. If Krenz succeeds in getting the official church on his side, he will deal a harsh blow to the...adjustment to local needs hamper the consistent molding of customs of cultural participa- tion. JPRS-EER-89-124 14 November 1989 POLITICAL 15 Almost...metal, drawn bars, and a number of chemical industry products (e.g., chem- ical fiber, tires, fertilizer, PVC floor tiles), as well as cardboard

  4. Leadership development through online gaming


    Nuangjumnonga, Tinnawat; Mitomo, Hitoshi


    The relationship between leadership development and multiplayer online battle arena games (MOBA) are examined using two popular games of this genre: Defense of The Ancients (DOTA) and Heroes of Newerth (HON). Similar existing research notably includes IBM's Leadership in Games and at Work: Implication for the Enterprise of Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing Games published in 2007, positively concluding the contribution online games have towards leadership development. Close-ended surv...

  5. The Titan From Tucheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    @@ Move over, Flextronics.For years,the Singapore giant claimed the top spot among the contract man ufacturers that churn out laptops,printers, cameras, and all manner of electronic gadgets for the likes of Hewlett-Packard, Apple, and Dell.But a new champion is sweeping past tronics International claim the world title of No.1: Hon Hai Precision Industry Co., a low-profile Taiwanese company based in the gritty Taipei suburb of Tucheng.

  6. Medical Entomology Studies - VI. A Revision of the Subgenus Lophoceraomyia of the Genus Culex in the Oriental Region (Diptera: Culicidae) (Contributions of the American Entomological Institute, Volume 13, Number 4, 1977) (United States)


    Western Province: Colombo District, Waga; 29. THAILAND. Chiang Mai: Muang; San Pha Thang, Ban San Khayom; Mae Rim; Ban Chang Kien; Udon Thani : Muang...Khao Mai Kaeo; Khao Mai Hawa; Prachuab Khiri Khan: Khlong Hin Chong; Krabi: Ban Mai Kien Tai; Ban Pru Taci; Surat Thani : Koh Samui; Pathum Thani ...Khlong Set Takuart; Krabi: Ban Mai Kaen Tai; Phangnga: Pathum;Nam Tai: Sipsi Hon; Surat Thani : Koh Samui; Khao Yai; Khao Plu; Ron Pibul; Phuket: Ban

  7. Medical Entomolgy Studies - VI. A Revision of the Subgenus Lophoceraomyia of the Genus Culex in the Oriental Region (Diptera: Culicidae) (Contributions of the American Entomological Institute. Volume 13, Number 4) (United States)


    Western Province: Colombo District, Waga; 29. THAILAND. Chiang Mai: Muang; San Pha Thang, Ban San Khayom; Mae Rim; Ban Chang Kien; Udon Thani : Muang...Khao Mai Kaeo; Khao Mai Hawa; Prachuab Khiri Khan: Khlong Hin Chong; Krabi: Ban Mai Kien Tai; Ban Pru Taci; Surat Thani : Koh Samui; Pathum Thani ...Khlong Set Takuart; Krabi: Ban Mai Kaen Tai; Phangnga: Pathum;Nam Tai: Sipsi Hon; Surat Thani : Koh Samui; Khao Yai; Khao Plu; Ron Pibul; Phuket: Ban

  8. Exhibition by Gozitan artist Mark Sagona


    Calleja, Joseph


    Mark Sagona's exhibition, entitled "Recent Insights" was held at the Banca Giuratale in Victoria, Gozo between the 24th January and the 8th February 2004. It brought together twenty-four paintings, all produced in 2003 and the majority of which were realised in oil on canvas. The exhibition was curated by Dr Joseph Paul Cassar, and inaugurated by the Minister for Gozo, the Hon. Giovanna Debono.

  9. Pupil responses derived from outer and inner retinal photoreception are normal in patients with hereditary optic neuropathy. (United States)

    Kawasaki, Aki; Collomb, Sylvie; Léon, Lorette; Münch, Mirjam


    We compared the pupil responses originating from outer versus inner retinal photoreception between patients with isolated hereditary optic neuropathy (HON, n = 8) and healthy controls (n = 8). Three different testing protocols were used. For the first two protocols, a response function of the maximal pupil contraction versus stimulus light intensity was generated and the intensity at which half of the maximal pupil contraction, the half-max intensity, was determined. For the third protocol, the pupil size after light offset, the re-dilation rate and re-dilation amplitude were calculated to assess the post-light stimulus response. Patients with HON had bilateral, symmetric optic atrophy and significant reduction of visual acuity and visual field compared to controls. There were no significant mean differences in the response curve and pupil response parameters that reflect mainly rod, cone or melanopsin activity between patients and controls. In patients, there was a significant correlation between the half-max intensity of the red light sequence and visual field loss. In conclusion, pupil responses derived from outer or inner retinal photoreception in HON patients having mild-to moderate visual dysfunction are not quantitatively different from age-matched controls. However, an association between the degree of visual field loss and the half-max intensity of the cone response suggests that more advanced stages of disease may lead to impaired pupil light reflexes.

  10. Fouling characteristics of reverse osmosis membranes at different positions of a full-scale plant for municipal wastewater reclamation. (United States)

    Tang, Fang; Hu, Hong-Ying; Sun, Li-Juan; Sun, Ying-Xue; Shi, Na; Crittenden, John C


    Membrane fouling is an important shortcoming limiting the efficiency and wide application of reverse osmosis (RO) technology. In this paper, RO membranes in a full-scale municipal wastewater reclamation plant were autopsied. From the lead to tail position RO membranes in RO system, both of organic and inorganic matters on membranes reduced gradually. The higher ion products in RO concentrate didn't result in more serious inorganic scaling on the last position RO membranes, which was contrast with some other researches. Fe, Ca and Mg were major inorganic elements. Fe had a relatively low concentration in RO influent but the highest content on membranes. However, there was no specific pretreatment in terms of Fe removal. Ca and Mg scaling was controlled by the antiscalants injected. Organic fouling (75.0-84.5% of dry weights) was major problem on RO membranes due to the large amount of dissolved organic matters in secondary effluent as raw water. Hydrophilic acid (HIA, 48.0% of total DOC), hydrophobic acid (HOA, 23.6%) and hydrophobic neutral (HON, 19.0%) fraction was largest among the six fractions in RO influent, while HON (38.2-51.1%) and HOA (22.1-26.1%) tended to accumulate on membranes in higher quantities. Monitoring HON and HOA might help to forecast organic fouling.

  11. The intercalated BSc (Med) Honours/MB ChB and integrated MB ChB/PhD tracks at the University of Cape Town: models for a national medical student research training programme. (United States)

    Katz, A A; Futter, M; Mayosi, B M


    The Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Cape Town is addressing the shortage of clinician-scientists in South Africa by introducing two research training tracks in parallel with the professional MB ChB programme, namely the intercalated BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track and the integrated MB ChB/PhD track. The BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track is available to MB ChB students who have completed the first two years of study. The track comprises a course in Molecular Medicine given concurrently with the MB ChB third-year curriculum, followed by a BSc (Med) Hons as a 'year out' of MB ChB. Subsequently students may enroll into the integrated MB ChB/PhD track that enables them to undertake a PhD concurrently with MB ChB studies, which will be spread over additional years, or alternatively to undertake a PhD after completion of the MB ChB. These tracks, which were launched in 2011, represent an opportunity to train a new cadre of young African clinician-scientists at the undergraduate level.

  12. Mechanism and kinetics for ammonium dinitramide (ADN) sublimation: a first-principles study. (United States)

    Zhu, R S; Chen, Hui-Lung; Lin, M C


    The mechanism for sublimation of NH(4)N(NO(2))(2) (ADN) has been investigated quantum-mechanically with generalized gradient approximation plane-wave density functional theory calculations; the solid surface is represented by a slab model and the periodic boundary conditions are applied. The calculated lattice constants for the bulk ADN, which were found to consist of NH(4)(+)[ON(O)NNO(2)](-) units, instead of NH(4)(+)[N(NO(2))(2)](-), agree quite well with experimental values. Results show that three steps are involved in the sublimation/decomposition of ADN. The first step is the relaxation of the surface layer with 1.6 kcal/mol energy per NH(4)ON(O)NNO(2) unit; the second step is the sublimation of the surface layer to form a molecular [NH(3)]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex with a 29.4 kcal/mol sublimation energy, consistent with the experimental observation of Korobeinichev et al. (10) The last step is the dissociation of the [H(3)N]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex to give NH(3) and HON(O)NNO(2) with the dissociation energy of 13.9 kcal/mol. Direct formation of NO(2) (g) from solid ADN costs a much higher energy, 58.3 kcal/mol. Our calculated total sublimation enthalpy for ADN(s) → NH(3)(g) + HON(O)NNO(2)) (g), 44.9 kcal/mol via three steps, is in good agreement with the value, 42.1 kcal/mol predicted for the one-step sublimation process in this work and the value 44.0 kcal/mol computed by Politzer et al. (11) using experimental thermochemical data. The sublimation rate constant for the rate-controlling step 2 can be represented as k(sub) = 2.18 × 10(12) exp (-30.5 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1), which agrees well with available experimental data within the temperature range studied. The high pressure limit decomposition rate constant for the molecular complex H(3)N···HON(O)NNO(2) can be expressed by k(dec) = 3.18 × 10(13) exp (-15.09 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1). In addition, water molecules were found to increase the sublimation enthalpy of ADN, contrary to that found in the ammonium

  13. Mortality rates are lower in SIAD, than in hypervolaemic or hypovolaemic hyponatraemia: Results of a prospective observational study. (United States)

    Cuesta, Martín; Garrahy, Aoife; Slattery, David; Gupta, Saket; Hannon, Anne Marie; McGurren, Karen; Sherlock, Mark; Tormey, William; Thompson, Christopher J


    Hyponatraemia is associated with increased mortality, but the mortality associated specifically with SIAD is not known. We hypothesized that mortality in SIAD was elevated, but that it was less than in hypervolaemic (HEN) or hypovolaemic (HON) hyponatraemia. Mortality rates are presented as risk ratios (RR),with 95% confidence intervals (CI), and compared to normonatraemic controls (NN). Prospective, single centre, noninterventional study of all patients with hyponatraemia (≤130 mmol/L) admitted to hospital. A total of 1323 admissions with hyponatraemia were prospectively evaluated and 1136 contemporaneous NN controls. 431(32.6%) hyponatraemic patients had HON, 573(43.3%) had SIAD and 275(20.8%) patients had HEN. In patient mortality was higher in hyponatraemia than NN (9.1% vs 3.3%, P<.0001). The RRs for in-hospital mortality compared to NN were: SIAD, 1.76 (95% CI 1.08-2.8, P=.02), HON 2.77 (95% CI 1.8-4.3, P<.0001) and HEN, 4.9 (95% CI 3.2-7.4, P<.0001). The mortality rate was higher in HEN (RR 2.85; 95% CI 1.86-4.37, P<.0001) and in HON, (RR 1.6; 95% CI 1.04-2.52; P=.03), when compared to SIAD. The Charlson Comorbidity Index was lower in SIAD than in eunatraemic patients (P<.0001). 9/121(7.4%) patients died with plasma sodium <125 mmol/L and 4(3.3%) with plasma sodium <120 mmol/L. However, 69/121(57%) patients died with a plasma sodium above 133 mmol/L. We confirmed higher all-cause mortality in hyponatraemia than in NN. Mortality was higher in SIAD than in normonatraemia and was not explained on the basis of co-morbidities. Mortality was higher in HON and HEN than in SIAD. Mortality rates reported for all-cause hyponatraemia in the medical literature are not applicable to SIAD. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Reflections of a Technocrat: Managing Defense, Air, and Space Programs during the Cold War (United States)


    Nixon Presi- dency (New York: Hill and Wang , 1998), 513, contends Rush “would almost certainly have become secretary of state in mid-1973 if it had not...New York: Hill and Wang , 1998), 362. 15. Hon. F. Edward Hebert, “Secretary McLucas Looks at the Man in Uni- form Today,” Congressional Record, 20...visit by Roald Sagdeev, the director of the Soviet Insti- tute of Space Research. McLucas’s group proposed various initia- tives in a report entitled The

  15. A propósito de “Por que não escrevo História Contemporânea”


    Orlando de Barros


    “Porque não escrevo História Contemporânea”, de José Honório Rodrigues, escrito em 1973, no número 10 de uma revista mimeografada de um conglomerado privado de faculdades, é um texto soberbo e venerável, que não deixa de aludir à precariedade cultural e científica brasileira, há quarenta anos passados. Tal precariedade é aqui tratada como um tema paralelo ao principal, as dificuldades de diversos tipos que os historiadores encontram para escrever a história contemporânea do Brasil....

  16. NRL Technical Year End Progress Report for MCSC PM-ICE FY11 SOW Tasks 1 and 2 - Hearing Loss (United States)


    2 — Hearing Loss Research May 18, 2012 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Peter C. HerdiC James W. mCmaHon daniel l. amon...Technical Year End Progress Report for MCSC PM-ICE FY11 SOW Tasks 1 and 2 — Hearing Loss Research Peter C. Herdic, James W. McMahon, Daniel L. Amon...deemed relevant to the warfighter. 18-05-2012 Memorandum Report Hearing loss Human ear Small weapons fire Shooter’s notch Program Manager, Infantry Combat

  17. Unpublished Documents for the History of Education in Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Betancourt-Serna


    Full Text Available Territory Education journal attached to the Institute of Scientific Research of the Faculty of Education, Humanities, Philosophy and Arts of the University Foundation Juan de Castellanos opens this section under the title of unpublished historical documents for Education in Colombia. The publication of these sources is modeled after the trail left by the Hon. Prof. Dr. D. Guillermo Hernandez de Alba (1909 - 1988 with his monumental Documents for the history of education in Colombia; work of compilation and editing of primary sources that meant surrender to this work for 18 years of his life as a researcher.

  18. Sustainability of scholarly information

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, G G


    Professor Gobinda Chowdhury BSc Hons, MSc, PhD, FCLIP is Professor in Information Science at iSchool@northumbria, and Head of the Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences at Northumbria University. Before joining Northumbria University he was a Professor and Director of the Centre for Information and Knowledge Management at the University of Technology Sydney, Australia. For over 25 years he has worked as an academic and researcher in information science in different parts of the world including Asia, Africa, Europe and Australia. For the past few years he has been actively involved

  19. Reconfigurable computing the theory and practice of FPGA-based computation

    CERN Document Server

    Hauck, Scott


    Reconfigurable Computing marks a revolutionary and hot topic that bridges the gap between the separate worlds of hardware and software design- the key feature of reconfigurable computing is its groundbreaking ability to perform computations in hardware to increase performance while retaining the flexibility of a software solution. Reconfigurable computers serve as affordable, fast, and accurate tools for developing designs ranging from single chip architectures to multi-chip and embedded systems. Scott Hauck and Andre DeHon have assembled a group of the key experts in the fields of both hardwa

  20. Environmental Assessment of Alternate Training Area Jack Pine Flats Idaho Department of Lands Near Coolin, Idaho (United States)


    Permit/Lease Area for SERE School Alternate Training Jack Pine Flats SERE School Permit Area - ·llo<mdNy IBJ Hon Spoc [:::::J ~1’.1 --~ N W+E s...Requisite to Protect Public Health and Welfare with an Adequate Margin of Safety, EPA/ONAC 550/9-74-004, March 1974. Available online : http://www...Preservation Office. Available online : IDFG 2005. Idaho Department ofFish and Game Special Use Permit- Game Take

  1. The ADB’s Story


    Nolan, Melanie; Fernon, Christine


    ‘The Australian Dictionary of Biography captures the life and times and culture of this country in an absolutely distinctive and irreplaceable way. It is the indispensable record of who we are, and of the characters who have made us what we are. I could not be prouder of ANU’s continuing role as custodian of this crucial part of our national legacy.’ Professor the Hon. Gareth Evans AC QC, Chancellor, The Australian National University ‘A mature nation needs a literary pantheon of insp...

  2. Chiropractic wellness on the web: the content and quality of information related to wellness and primary prevention on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evans Marion


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Internet has become a common source of information for patients wishing to learn about health information. Previous studies found information related to back pain poor and often contradictory to current guidelines. Wellness has become a common topic in the field of chiropractic and accrediting agencies have standards on delivery of wellness-based content in college curricula as well as directives for clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of the information on the Internet using the terms "chiropractic wellness," or "wellness chiropractic". Methods Five commonly used search engines were selected and the first 10 sites found using the strategy above were evaluated by two raters. Demographic assessments of the sites were made along with whether they were Health on the Net Foundation (HON certified, contained standard wellness content, mentioned any Healthy People Focus Areas, and other chiropractic topics. Kappa statistics compared inter-rater agreement. Results Potential patients appeared to be the audience 87% of the time and a private doctor of chiropractic appeared to be the typical site owner. The sites usually promoted the provider. No sites displayed HON certification logo nor did any appear to meet the HON certification criteria. Twenty-six sites (55% promoted regular physical activity in some manner and 18 (38% had information on health risks of tobacco. Four (9% had mental health or stress-reduction content but none had information supportive of vaccination. Some had information contradictory to common public health measures. Conclusions Patients searching the Internet for chiropractic wellness information will often find useless information that will not help them maintain health or become well. Most simply market the chiropractic practice or allow for a patients to provide personal information in exchange for more 'wellness' information. More research should be done on how

  3. Inhibición de Fusarium oxysporum por cepas mutantes de Pseudomonas fluorescens Zum80 incapaces de producir sideróforos


    Eduardo Valencia-Cantero; Javier Villegas-Moreno; Juan Manuel Sánchez-Yáñez; Juan José Peña-Cabriales; Rodolfo Farías-Rodríguez


    Pseudomonas fluorescens, cepa ZUM80, es una bacteria productora de sideróforos que inhibe el crecimiento de microorganismos fitopatógenos en condiciones de escasez de hierro. Con el fin de entender el mecanismo de inhibición de la cepa ZUM80 sobre Fusarium oxysporum, se obtuvieron mutantes incapaces de sintetizar sideróforos, por medio de la exposición de P. fluorescens ZUM80 a nitrosoguanidina. Ensayos de antibiosis en condiciones de escasez de hierro, mostraron que, cuando se inoculó el hon...

  4. All bout the Olympic Games

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    The Olympic Games is held every four years in a different city in theworld.The Games has become the most important athletic events and a symbolof friendship of all the people of the world!Athletes from different countriestake part in the sports.These sports include winter and summer games.The Olympic Games began in Greece more than2700years ago.So theOlympic Games has a long history.It became the most important festival in allof Greece because the games were originally part of a religious festival in hon-or...

  5. IDA/OSD R&M (Institute for Defense Analyses/Office of the Secretary of Defense Reliability and Maintainability) Study Bibliography. (United States)


    Association/ LoMC , to Richard D. Webster, DASD, May 19, 1982. DE71. A Comparison of the Management Control Systems Being Utilized on Commercial and...Technical Note SSC-TN-ISR-20, June 1982. DE81. Speech--The Hon. James L. Nelligan, U.S. House of Representatives, Pennsylvania, at NSIA LoMC /REC Summer...TM UNTW BASE LETTER, PRESIDENT, NATIONAL SECURITY INDUSTRIAL ASSOC ATTON/ lOMC , To RICHARD D. WEBSTER, DASD, MAY 19, 1982. TO U R&L, FEDERAL CONTRACTS

  6. Flood Control Project, Bear Creek Stage 4, Rochester, Minnesota: Design Memorandum No. 6 (United States)


    O31A353H Gm 3V03/3MJ :oorNaiS30~ 00+0k 00+0ý 01 00+0C NOIIYJS D66 9DP/SVD 04M050 31H0~HON3 04 Nl 314Od N N~ HIV 14014 H91H a33S/11I S)133803 UV39-1’ 30M...areas of cohesive soils and buried topsoils. 3. Suplemental parameters including interface friction in rock joints/planes, interface friction between

  7. The Environmental Protection Agency's program to close and clean up hazardous waste land disposal facilities. Hearing before the Environment, Energy, and Natural Resources Subcommittee of the Committee on Government Operations, House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, Second Session, May 28, 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This hearing concerns the slow pace of EPA's actions to close and clean up most of the US hazardous waste land disposal facilities. Statements made personally to the subcommittee include Don R. Clay, Solid Waste and Emergency Response, EPA; Richard L. Hembra, Environmental Issues, Resources, Community, and Economic Development Division of the US General Accounting Office; Harold F. Reheis, Environmental Protection Division, Georgia Department of Natural Resources; Hon. Mike Synar, Chairman of the Subcommittee. Submitted for the record were 4 prepared documents from Don R. Clay, Richard L. Hembra; Sylvia Lowrance, Office of Solid Waste, EPA; Harold F. Reheis.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Warden


    Full Text Available Timothy Winegard saw active duty in the Canadian Reserve Force from 2001 to 2010 and served on detachment duty to the British Army for a two-year period. He obtained various academic degrees from 1999 onwards, among others a BA Hons degree in History and an MA in War Studies. The book under discussion here is the third work by this author. Other publications from this author include Oka: A convergence of cultures and the Canadian forces (2008, For King and Kanata (2011, and the latest work entitled Indigenous peoples of the British dominions and the First World War (2012.

  9. Die rym in Jukstaposisie (T.T. Cloete en die regverdiging van enkele fonologiese begrippe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. P. Wissing


    Full Text Available Die taalkundige hon daarvan om te kan se dat die goeie literator sonder taalkundige insigte geen volledige cn behoorlike teksanalise kan docn nie. Maar die situasic kan ook omgekeerd wees: die letterkunde (eintlik die woordkunswerk kan ook vir die taalkunde van waarde wees. In hierdie stuk wil ek meer in die besonder probeer aantoon dat en hoe die taalkundige ook ondersteuning vir die invoering van bepaalde fonologiese begrippe uit die gedig kan vind. Vir die doel beperk ek my tot die bunde Jukstaposisie van T.T. Cloete.

  10. The BIG ’L’ American Logistics in World War II (United States)


    Ecuador (Galapagos and Salinas), Nicaragua (Fonseca and Cor- tino), Nether lands East Indies (Curacao and :M-uba), Surinam , Hon- duras, Columbia...fact the Southern 40 Huston, 544. 41 Vice Admiral George Carroll Dyer, The Amphibians Came to Conquer." The StoD, of Admiral Richmond Kel& Turner...Joint F orce Q uarterly, S p r n ~ 1994 3 2 6 LOGISTICS IN THE PACIFIC F I G U R E 3 Source: Dyer, Amphibians Came to Conquer. 327 The B ig "’L

  11. Agentes etiológicos de onicomicosis diagnosticadas en el laboratorio de micología médica de la Universidad de Costa Rica


    Ingrid Salas-Campos; Norma T Gross-Martínez


    Justificación y objetivos: Entre las onicodistrofias, la onicomicosis es la afección más frecuente. Esta infección no solo representa un problema estético para el paciente, sino que puede afectar sus actividades diarias. Para el dermatólogo se hace indispensable realizar el diagnóstico diferencial, por lo que el laboratorio de micología médica es de gran ayuda para este propósito. En cuanto a los agentes etiológicos incriminados, los dermatofitos son los más frecuentes; sin embargo, otros hon...

  12. Magnetic relaxation in Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8 single crystals by SQUID magnetometer and micro-Hall sensor (United States)

    Chowdhury, P.; Kim, Heon-Jung; Kang, W. N.; Zang, Dong-Jin; Lee, Sung-Ik; Kim, D. H.


    Measurements of the isothermal magnetization hysteresis loops M(H) and the magnetic relaxation for a Tl2Ba2CaCu2O8 single crystal were carried out by using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer and a micro-Hall sensor. In the temperature window from 30 to 60 K, the measurements for M(H) show a second anomalous peak at a field Hsp and an onset field of Hon. From these relaxation data measured by two different techniques, the activation barrier U0 and the creep exponent μ were separately calculated as functions of H based on the weak collective pinning theory. The variation of the normalized creep rate, S=(|d ln M/d ln t|), with H is also presented. The results at T=35 K indicate that at a characteristic field H* lying between Hon and Hsp, a minimum is observed in S(H) whereas a maximum is observed in U0(H). These analyses also show that below H*, the creep phenomenon is controlled by an elastic process. However, above Hsp a negative power law, U0(H)∝Hν with ν˜-0.9, is observed suggesting the existence of plastic creep. At a low temperature of T=20 K, where no second peak is observed, both S(H) and U0(H) behave differently. A comparative study of the different creep parameters obtained from the two different measurement techniques is also discussed.

  13. A modernização do Arquivo Nacional: uma análise comparativa de 1958-1963 e 1980-1986

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosale de Mattos Souza


    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os fatores que contribuíram para o desenvolvimento e modernização do Arquivo Nacional do Brasil, nos períodos de 1958-1963 e 1980-1986, dando ênfase aos modelos administrativos adotados e trajetórias. Analisa os seguintes subtemas: relações do Arquivo Nacional do Brasil com a Administração Pública Federal, do ponto de vista documental, estrutura organizacional, legislação, orçamento, instalações físicas, recursos humanos e tratamento técnico. Da metodologia apresenta-se quadro comparativo das ações desenvolvidas naquelas duas gestões. Constatou-se o início de uma conscientização arquivística no país com a administração do prof. José Honório Rodrigues: a década de 1960, como marco divisório para a administração do Arquivo Nacional, no sentido de dar à instituição um papel mais dinâmico. A administração da drª. Celina Moreira Franco, nos anos 1980, procurou alterar a situação do quadro de deficiências institucional, diagnosticada por José Honório Rodrigues.

  14. Removal of natural organic matter in a typical south-China source water during enhanced coagulation with IPF-PACl

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Hai-long; WANG Dong-sheng; XIA Zhong-huan; TANG Hong-xiao; ZHANG Jin-song


    Systematic investigation on enhancing removal of natural organic matter (NOM) using inorganic polymer flocculant (IPF),polyaluminum chloride(PACI) and polyacrylamide (PAM) was performed in a typical south-China source water. Enhanced coagulation and applying polymer flocculant-aid were compared through jar tests and pilot tests. Raw water and settled water were characterized and fractionated by resin adsorption. The results show that DOC composes major part of TOC. The DOC distribution keeps relatively stable all around the year with typical high amounts of the hydrophilic matter around 50%. The distribution between HoB, HoA and HoN varies and undergoes fluctuation with the year round. During the summer season, the HoN becomes gradually the major part in hydrophobic parts.PACl with the species being tailor-made shows little pH effect during coagulation. The enhanced coagulation dosage for PACl could be 4.5mg/L for the typical source water. The highest TOC removal achieved 31%. To be economically, 3 mg/L dose is the optimum dosage.Although hydrophilic fractions of NOM of both treatment strategies are removed about 30%, NOM causing UV254 absorbance were well removed(about 90% ). Hydrophobic bases and acids fractions are much more removed under enhanced conditions. The hydrophilic fraction could be better removed using PAM, the polymer coagulant aid.

  15. The Extent of Satisfaction on the Key Factors that Affect Learner Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ambreen Shahriar


    Full Text Available This paper is based on a small-scale research conducted at the Institute of English, University of Sindh, Pakistan. The research participants include the students of B.A. (Hons. Part- II, whohad studied English language as a subject during B.A. (Hons. Part- I as well. The data was collected through questionnaires, which asked questions related to English language learners’ satisfaction on their language teacher, teaching learning environment, syllabus, and testing and assessment system, which are considered as the most factors that can affect and enhance learner motivation. The extent of their satisfaction, that they showed, in turn explains their motivation towards learning English language. The findings of the research include learning of English for both integrative and instrumental reasons with for getting importance as the most commonly chosen reason. 100% students showed willingness to attend the language class, yet a number of them find it boring and gave suggestions related to improvement. Students showed a lot less satisfaction towards their teacher and the teaching method and suggested proper teacher training along with some other things.Suggestions are also given on the improvement of the content of syllabus, yet it needs further investigation. The most dissatisfying factor brought forward by this research is the assessment system, so the research definitely calls for the introduction of a proper improved assessment system. This research paves way for future research as it raises a number of issues and questions for researchers to address.

  16. Machine learning approach for automatic quality criteria detection of health web pages. (United States)

    Gaudinat, Arnaud; Grabar, Natalia; Boyer, Célia


    The number of medical websites is constantly growing [1]. Owing to the open nature of the Web, the reliability of information available on the Web is uneven. Internet users are overwhelmed by the quantity of information available on the Web. The situation is even more critical in the medical area, as the content proposed by health websites can have a direct impact on the users' well being. One way to control the reliability of health websites is to assess their quality and to make this assessment available to users. The HON Foundation has defined a set of eight ethical principles. HON's experts are working in order to manually define whether a given website complies with s the required principles. As the number of medical websites is constantly growing, manual expertise becomes insufficient and automatic systems should be used in order to help medical experts. In this paper we present the design and the evaluation of an automatic system conceived for the categorisation of medical and health documents according to he HONcode ethical principles. A first evaluation shows promising results. Currently the system shows 0.78 micro precision and 0.73 F-measure, with 0.06 errors.

  17. Characterization of dissolved organic matter fractions from Lake Hongfeng, Southwestern China Plateau

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Liying; WU Fengchang; ZHANG Runyu; LI Wen; LIAO Haiqing


    With XAD-series and ion exchange resins, dissolved organic matter (DOM) from Lake Hongfeng in Southwestern China Plateau was isolated into 6 fractions, i.e., humic acid (HA), fulvic acid (FA), hydrophobic neutrals (HON), hydrophilic acids (HIA), hydrophilic bases (HIB) and hydrophilic neutrals (HIN). Those fractions were characterized by high performance size exclusion chromatography, fluorescence spectroscopy and UV absorbance. Among the 6 fractions, FA was predominant and accounted for 51% of the total DOM. The hydrophobic fractions had larger molecular weight (1688--2355 Da) than hydrophilic fractions (1338--1928 Da). A strong correlation was observed between specific UV absorbance at 280 nm, E2/E3 (absorbance at 250 nm to 365 nm), and the molecular weight for DOM fractions. UV-Vis fulvic-like fluorescence peaks were found in all fractions. Protein-like fluorescence peaks existed in HON may indicate that microbial activity was severely in Lake Hongfeng. There was a significant relationship between fluorescence intensities and specific UV absorbance at 254 nm for those DOM fractions, suggesting their similar luminescence characteristics. The values of fluorescence index (?450/500) indicated that hydrophobic fractions may derive from terrestrial sources, in contrast to the hydrophilic fractions from microbial and terrestrial origins. Those results suggest that there were inter-relationships between molecular weight, fluorescence and absorbance characteristics, and also subtle consistencies between the hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties and sources for the 6 fractions from Lake Hongfeng.

  18. Maximising safety in the boiler house. (United States)

    Derry, Carr


    Last month's HEJ featured an article, the second in our new series of guidance pieces aimed principally at Technician-level engineers, highlighting some of the key steps that boiler operators can take to maximise system performance and efficiency, and thus reduce running both costs and carbon footprint. In the third such article, Derry Carr, C.Env, I.Eng, BSc (Hons), M.I.Plant.E., M.S.O.E., technical manager & group gas manager at Dalkia, who is vice-chairman of the Combustion Engineering Association, examines the key regulatory and safety obligations for hospital energy managers and boiler technicians, a number of which have seen changes in recent years with revision to guidance and other documentation.

  19. Estimation of the length of interactions in arena game semantics

    CERN Document Server

    Clairambault, Pierre


    We estimate the maximal length of interactions between strategies in HO/N game semantics, in the spirit of the work by Schwichtenberg and Beckmann for the length of reduction in simply typed lambdacalculus. Because of the operational content of game semantics, the bounds presented here also apply to head linear reduction on lambda-terms and to the execution of programs by abstract machines (PAM/KAM), including in presence of computational effects such as non-determinism or ground type references. The proof proceeds by extracting from the games model a combinatorial rewriting rule on trees of natural numbers, which can then be analyzed independently of game semantics or lambda-calculus.

  20. An evaluation on the effectiveness of Web 2.0 Startpages (Netvibes & Pageflakes) within NHS libraries. (United States)

    McCormick, Carol; Pickard, Alison Jane


    Carol McCormick was Learning Resources Advisor in the library at James Cook University Hospital, South Teesside when she completed her BSc (Hons) Librarianship (Work Based Learning) degree at Northumbria University. She gained a 1st Class Honours and is now Learning Resources Librarian. Carol's dissertation formed part of a wider action research project into the provision of current awareness services at James Cook University Hospital. This article reports on the evaluation which was conducted after a Web 2.0 Startpage, or portal, had been introduced to improve access to current awareness information for all staff within the Trust. It is the second article in the Dissertations into practice series to examine the use of web-based tools to improve access to information for NHS staff. AM.

  1. Bank Customers Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebubeogu Amarachukwu Felix


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The purpose of this project is in partial fulfilment of the requirements of Bachelor of Science Hon in Information Technology. The Design and development of this Bank customers Management system provides a more secured approach in managing bank customers information which strengthens the relationships between banks and their customers by providing the right solutions that uses a multi-level security to improve customer satisfaction. The technology used in developing this project is ASP.NET and the programming language used to develop this project is C and the IDE used is Microsoft Visual Studio 2013 professional in designing the front end while the back end uses Microsoft SQL Server 2012.

  2. Esterification of Carboxylic Acids and Diacids by Trialkyl Borate under Solvent- and Catalyst-Free Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MANSOORI Yagoub; TATAROGLU SEYIDOV Firdovsi; BOHLOOLI Shahrbanoo; ZAMANLOO Mohammad Reza; IMANZADEH Gholam Hassan


    Esterification or transesterification reactions are usually carried out in the presence of homogeneous or heterogeneous catalysts.However,recently a new method was reported for the esterification of carboxylic acids by tributyl borate under solvent- and catalyst-free conditions.In order to show the synthetic ability of trialkyl borate esters in the esterification reactions,here,the esterification of other carboxylic acids and diacids by tributyl-,triisoamyl-,and tribenzyl borate under the same conditions were reported.Some of the prepared ester and diester products have found wide applications as plasticizers and synthetic ester base lubricants.The esterification reactions have been cleanly carried out in the absence of any solvent under catalyst-free conditions.The maximum rate belongs to isoamyl trichloroacetate (Ⅵb) which reached about 76% within about 6.5 h.On the basis of obtained findings,it seems that electron withdrawing groups on carboxylic acid facilitate the esterification reaction.

  3. Multiconfigurational electronic wavefunctions in the full optimized reaction space: the isomerization of nitrosyl hydride to nitrogen hydroxide in the lowest singlet and triplet states

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dombek, M. G.


    Energy curves are determined for the lowest singlet and triplet states of the HNO molecule. The geometry is varied in that the hydrogen moves through 13 positions around the NO core to describe the isomerization reaction HNO yields HON. Quantitatively determined are the stable and metastable equilibrium positions in both states, the energy differences between these two equilibrium positions and between the two states, and the barriers with respect to isomerization. The calculations are carried out using a novel configuration interaction approach called the Full Optimized Reaction Space method, which involves multiconfigurational self-consistent field calculations as an integral part. In order to interpret the bonding changes occurring during the reaction, a novel type of orbital is developed and calculated. These are called Directed Localized Reaction Orbitals. With their help it proves possible to give an interpretation of the isomerization in terms of concepts which fit chemical intuition.

  4. Qualidade da informação da internet disponível para pacientes em páginas em português Quality of internet information available to patients on websites in Portuguese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Del Giglio


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Pacientes e seus familiares frequentemente procuram na internet informações a respeito de suas doenças. Diabetes mellitus (DM, hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS e infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM são muito prevalentes no Brasil, e informações sobre estas patologias são bastante procuradas na internet. Por isso, buscamos avaliar a qualidade da informação relacionada com estas doenças disponível em português na internet. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas as primeiras 20 páginas em português de cada uma das doenças escolhidas, através do algoritmo de busca do Google®. Como ferramentas para avaliar a qualidade da informação foram utilizados o Discern Questionnarie (DQ e o Health on Net (HON. Para saber se as informações eram adequadas, foram utilizadas as diretrizes (guidelines brasileiras e internacionais para as diferentes comorbidades. RESULTADOS: Ao avaliar o conteúdo das informações disponíveis, 45%, 95%, 85% das páginas continham, respectivamente, a definição de DM, HAS e IAM. Com relação ao diagnóstico e ao tratamento, somente 25% das páginas das três comorbidades apresentavam especificamente esta informação. Somente 15%, 20% e 10% das páginas tinham a certificação pelo HON, respectivamente. Em função do DQ, as páginas obtiveram notas maiores que 50% em 70% das páginas de DM, 65% nas de HAS e 55% nas de IAM. CONCLUSÃO: A informação disponível em português na internet sobre as três patologias escolhidas (DM, HAS e IAM é frequentemente inadequada e insuficiente.OBJECTIVE: Patients and their relatives often look for information about their diseases on the internet. Diabetes mellitus (DM, systemic arterial hypertension (SAH, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI are the most prevalent in Brazil, thus, information on these pathologies is extremely searched for on the internet. For this reason, this study attempted to evaluate the quality of information available in Portuguese on the web

  5. Understanding the art of feminist pedagogy: facilitating interpersonal skills learning for nurses. (United States)

    Lamont, Emma


    The purpose of this study is to explore feminist pedagogy integrated with facilitation skills. A pedagogy project was undertaken with students participating in the BSc (Hons) Nursing programme, whereby a module, "Interpersonal Skills for Nurses" was developed for 72 year 1 students. A feminist pedagogy involves employing the powers of diversity to create an environment where all students' voices are heard. It values the power of sharing to create a community of learners in which teachers and students share their talents, skills and abilities to enhance the learning of all (Chinn, 2001). An end of semester evaluation provided feedback which indicated this was a valuable module to teach year 1 student nurses. It highlighted that student nurses found the topic both interesting and relevant and felt it was taught in a way that promoted their personal development and identity as a nurse.

  6. An introduction to thermodynamics and statistical mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Saxena, A K


    An Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics aims to serve as a text book for undergraduate hons.and postgraduate students of physics. The book covers First Law of Thermodynamics, Entropy and Second Law ofThermodynamics, Thermodynamic Relations, The Statistical Basis of Thermodynamics, Microcanonical Ensemble,Classical Statistical and Canonical Distribution, Grand Canonical Ensemble, Quantum Statistical Mechanics, PhaseTransitions, Fluctuations, Irreversible Processes and Transport Phenomena (Diffusion).SALIENT FEATURES:iC* Offers students a conceptual development of the subjectiC* Review questions at the end of chapters.NEW TO THE SECOND EDITIONiC* PVT SurfacesiC* Real Heat EnginesiC* Van der Waals Models (Qualitative Considerations)iC* Cluster ExpansioniC* Brownian Motion (Einstein's Theory)

  7. On long term climate prediction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thatcher, M.


    On the occasion of the opening of The Hadley Centre in Bracknell, Berkshire on May 25, 1990, Britain's Prime Minister, the Rt. Hon. Margaret Thatcher, FRS, related the significance of the Centre to the Scientific Assessment Report of the Inter-Governmental Panel on Climate Change which was published on the same day. The Report confirms that greenhouse gases are increasing substantially as a result of man's activites; that this will warm the Earth's surface, with serious consequences for us all, and that these consequences are capable of prediction. We want to predict them more accurately. Calling the Report an authoritative early warning system which could be ignored only at great risk to future generations, Mrs. Margaret Thatcher described the role of the Centre in enabling the establishment of a realistic international program and timetable for action.

  8. Muusika : Kremer tuleb üllatama. Bartokiga Pariisis. Raimo Kangro CD kiitvad arvustused. Festivalikorraldajad ühendavad jõud. EOÜ kolmas tegevusaasta. Jüri Pärg 50 aastat laval. Harri Vasar 75. Ernesaksa nimelised stipendiumid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-


    Tartus ja Tallinnas annab kontserte Gidon Kremer ja tema orkester Kremerata Baltica. 30.XI toimus Pariisis Liszti saalis HonEst Quintette debüütkontsert, kus kanti ette Bela Bartoki kammerloomingut. Saksa muusikaajakirjad Fono Forum ning Piano News arvustavad Raimo Kangro hiljuti välja antud CDd. 11.XII kohtusid kultuuriministeeriumis süvamuusikafestivalide korraldajad. 7.XII tuli EMA orelisaalis kokku Eesti Orelisõprade Ühingu aastakoosolek, juhatuse esimees A.-P. Lattik. Jüri Pärg märkis soolokontserdiga 25.XII Estonia talveaias oma 70. sünnipäeva ja 50 lava-aastat. Estonia talveaias meenutatukse Harri Vasarat, kes saanuks 75. aastaseks. 15.XII antakse TÜ aulas traditsioonilisel jõulukontserdil üle tänavused Gustav Ernesaksa nimelised stipendiumid.

  9. Promote the All-round Development of the China-Canada Strategic Partnership Speech at the Banquet Hosted by Prime Minister Stephen Harper%全面推进中加战略伙伴关系在加拿大总理哈珀举行的宴会上的讲话

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    @@ The Rt. Hon. Prime Minister Stephen Harper, Ladies and Gentlemen, Dear Friends, Let me begin by expressing heartfelt thanks to Prime Minister Harper for hosting this grand banquet and delivering warm remarks. I also wish to take this opportunity to extend appreciation to the Canada China Business Council (CCBC) and the China Council for the Promotion of International Trade (CCPIT) for their efforts to organize the Fourth China Canada Business Forum. Over the years, the CCBC and all of you present have made active contributions to deepening mutual understanding and friendship between our two peoples and pushing forward relations between our two countries. I wish to extend my heartfelt appreciation to you and, through you, to the people from various sectors of Canada who have cared for and supported the growth of China-Canada friendship.

  10. 霍尼韦尔展示塑料橡胶行业过程解决方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    本届展会中,霍尼韦尔(NYSE:HON)展示了其服务于塑料橡胶过程工业的“在线连续厚度检测及自动控制系统”(Continuous Web Solutions,CWS)。作为霍尼韦尔CWS主要自动化系统平台的MSProLineTM,是完全现代化并基于标准的英特尔奔腾PC Windows操作环境,其测量和控制解决方案广泛的安装在塑料橡胶加工行业。

  11. "Ambiguous alternations " : Fantastik och begär i Le Fanus ”Carmilla”


    Bjelkeborn, Joel


    Denna uppsats behandlar Joseph Sheridan Le Fanus kortroman ”Carmilla”(1871-72). Berättelsen handlar om hur den unga kvinnan Laura lär känna den mystiska Carmilla, och de tycks forälska sig i varandra. Men Carmilla visar sig vara en vampyr, och hon dödas. Tolkningar av verket har gått isär kring huruvida berättelsen ska forstås som ”queer” och transgressiv, eller som patriarkal och konservativ. I min läsning av verket utgår jag från Tzvetan Todorovs undersokning av den fantastiska g...

  12. Radiative feedback on early molecular gas and implications for primordial structure formation

    CERN Document Server

    Petkova, Margarita


    We present results from self-consistent simulations of cosmic structure formation with a multi-frequency radiative transfer scheme and non-equilibrium molecular chemistry of e-, H, H+, H-, He, He+, He++, H_2, H_2+, D, D+, HD, HeH+, performed by using the simulation code GADGET. We describe our implementation and show tests for ionized sphere expansion in a static density field around a central radiative source; cosmological abundance evolution coupled with the cosmic microwave background radiation; cosmological simulations of early structure formation with radiative feedback. Our tests agree well with analytical and numerical expectations. The contributions from the detailed chemical network affect at a ~10% level the determination of the Stroemgren radius of an ionized bubble, and additional processes from the different species considered allows the gas to recombine slightly later, with respect to the H-only approximation. Moreover, we find that radiative effects from the cosmic microwave background are negl...

  13. Carboxylate-bridged helical chains based on an azo carboxylate oximate ligand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KOU HuiZhong; ZHANG YanDong; CUI AiLi


    Two helical one-dimensional complexes[MnⅡ(MeOH)4][MnⅣ(L·)2]· 2MeOH(1)and[MnⅢ(salen)][MnⅢ(L)2](2)(H2L =HON=C(Ph)N=NC6H4CO2H)contain the noninnocent ligand[Mn(L·)2]2- and innocent low-spin[Mn(L)2]-.Intrachain anfiferromagnetic interaction between adjacent manganese ions via the syn-anti carboxylate bridges in complex 1.Alternate syn-anti and anti-anti carboxylate bridges have been found to transmit ferro- and antiferromagnetic coupling between high-spin and low-spin Mn(Ⅲ)ions in complex 2.

  14. Airport Activity Statistics of Certificated Route Air Carriers. (United States)


    5531 4494 8478 242245 656.98 29.08 1148.81 800.77 7858 8576 348 197196 344.58 124.60 7.06 %~ t1I 71 Wit I W771777 94 .79 664.3 6178 6502 216179 8473.31...CAl.HON L4UM707 ............ IIL SMAR-METRO 11 it 9ALL TYPES5 15.2 1512 1566 1496 95.53 𔃼 41, INGHAM MUNII At--DCMES7IL OAC-111-ZUO 95 95 OC-9-30 WIT ...3782 ALL TYPES 1 69 6 17 1, 72 169 98.25 UTOTAL 8-727:100 740 33 7079 88-727-200 28633 72 29685 88 :7303-3 0! 1* B17 -3000 2 1 3 97 DC-9-30 9463 2S4 97

  15. Student nurse practitioners--a rite of passage? The universality of Van Gennep's model of social transition. (United States)

    Barton, T D


    Whilst much has been written on the competence and clinical effectiveness of qualified nurse practitioners, the literature reveals little on the educational experience of student nurse practitioners. This paper reviews an ethnography that examined, over a two-year period, the experiences of student nurse practitioners undertaking a clinical degree programme (B.Sc. (Hons) Nurse Practitioner). The findings revealed the student nurse practitioner experience as a composite of social and cultural transitions, and subsequently Van Gennep's (Van Gennep, A., 1960. The Rites of Passage (Trans). Routledge & Kegan Paul, London) rite of passage model was found to have similarity with this emergent model. Finally, it was noted that, whilst social transition is modelled in the literature in many ways, the stages of a rite of passage had universal application.

  16. 澳大利亚政府筹划幼儿服务“最佳实践指南”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    6月5日,澳大利亚幼儿教育与儿童护理(Early Childhoodand ChildCare)部部长、荣誉议员凯特·埃利斯(theHonKateE1liSMP)宣告:澳大利亚政府正在积极筹划“最佳实践指南(Best Practice Guidelines)”项目。该项目旨存提升幼儿服务质量、展现地方政府对儿童护理服务事业的计划及动态发展。

  17. Characterization and biotoxicity assessment of dissolved organic matter in RO concentrate from a municipal wastewater reclamation reverse osmosis system. (United States)

    Sun, Ying-Xue; Gao, Yue; Hu, Hong-Ying; Tang, Fang; Yang, Zhe


    Reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate from municipal wastewater reclamation reverse osmosis (mWRRO) system containing organic compounds may associate with toxic risk, and its discharge might pose an environmental risk. To identify a basis for the selection of feasible technology in treating RO concentrates, the characteristics and biotoxicity of different fractions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in RO concentrates from an mWRRO system were investigated. The results indicated that the hydrophilic neutrals (HIN), hydrophobic acids (HOA) and hydrophobic bases (HOB) accounted for 96% of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) of the total DOM in the RO concentrate. According to the SEC chromatograph detected at 254 nm wavelength of UV, the DOM with molecular weight (MW) 1-3 kDa accounted for the majority of the basic and neutral fractions. The fluorescence spectra of the excitation emission matrix (EEM) indicated that most aromatic proteins, humic/fulvic acid-like and soluble microbial by-product-like substances existed in the fractions HOA and hydrophobic neutrals (HON). The genotoxicity and anti-estrogenic activity of the RO concentrate were 1795.6 ± 57.2 μg 4-NQOL(-1) and 2.19 ± 0.05 mg TAM L(-1), respectively. The HIN, HOA, and HOB contributed to the genotoxicity of the RO concentrate, and the HIN was with the highest genotoxic level of 1007.9 ± 94.8 μg 4-NQOL(-1). The HOA, HON, and HIN lead to the total anti-estrogenic activity of the RO concentrate, and HOA occupied approximately 60% of the total, which was 1.3 ± 0.17 mg TAM L(-1).

  18. Popular apps on the medical category targeting patients and the general public in the United Kingdom: Do they conform to the Health On the Net Foundation principles? (United States)

    Ben-Mussa, Ali; Paget, Anthony M


    Smartphones with their rising popularity and versatile software 'apps' have great potential for revolutionising healthcare services. However, this was soon overshadowed by concerns highlighted by many studies over quality. These were subject and/or discipline specific and mostly evaluated compliance with a limited number of information portrayal standards originally devised for health websites. Hence, this study aimed to take a broader approach by evaluating the most popular apps categorised as medical in the United Kingdom for compliance with all of those standards systematically using the Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles.The study evaluated top 50 free and paid apps of the 'medical' category on both iTunes and Google stores for evidence of compliance with an app-adapted version of the HON Foundation code of conduct. The sample included 64 apps, 34/64 (53%) were on Google Play and 36/64 (56%) were free. None of the apps managed to comply with the entire eight principles. Compliance with seven principles was achieved by only one app (1.6%), and the rest were compliant with three, two, and one (14.7%, 27%, and 38%, respectively).In conclusion, this study demonstrated that most popular apps on the medical category that are available in the United Kingdom do not meet the standards for presenting health information to the public, and this is consistent with earlier studies. Improving the situation would require raising the public awareness, providing tools that would assist in quality evaluation, encouraging developers to use robust development process, and facilitating collaboration and engagement among the stakeholders. © The Author(s) 2016.

  19. Tin(II) ketoacidoximates: synthesis, X-ray structures and processing to tin(II) oxide. (United States)

    Khanderi, Jayaprakash; Davaasuren, Bambar; Alshankiti, Buthainah Ameen; Rothenberger, Alexander


    Tin(II) ketoacidoximates of the type [HON=CRCOO]2Sn (R = Me 1, CH2Ph 2) and (MeON=CMeCOO)3Sn](-) NH4(+)·2H2O 3 were synthesized by reacting pyruvate- and hydroxyl- or methoxylamine RONH2 (R = H, Me) with tin(II) chloride dihydrate SnCl2·2H2O. The single crystal X-ray structure reveals that the geometry at the Sn atom is trigonal bipyramidal in 1, 2 and trigonal pyramidal in 3. Inter- or intramolecular hydrogen bonding is observed in 1-3. Thermogravimetric (TG) analysis shows that the decomposition of 1-3 to SnO occurs at ca. 160 °C. The evolved gas analysis during TG indicates complete loss of the oximato ligand in one step for 1 whereas a small organic residue is additionally removed at temperatures >400 °C for 2. Above 140 °C, [HON=C(Me)COO]2Sn (1) decomposes in air to spherical SnO particles of size 10-500 nm. Spin coating of 1 on Si or a glass substrate followed by heating at 200 °C results in a uniform film of SnO. The band gap of the produced SnO film and nanomaterial was determined by diffuse reflectance spectroscopy to be in the range of 3.0-3.3 eV. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicates surface oxidation of the SnO film to SnO2 in ambient atmosphere.

  20. Adult survivorship of the dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti varies seasonally in central Vietnam. (United States)

    Hugo, Leon E; Jeffery, Jason A L; Trewin, Brendan J; Wockner, Leesa F; Nguyen, Thi Yen; Nguyen, Hoang Le; Nghia, Le Trung; Hine, Emma; Ryan, Peter A; Kay, Brian H


    The survival characteristics of the mosquito Aedes aegypti affect transmission rates of dengue because transmission requires infected mosquitoes to survive long enough for the virus to infect the salivary glands. Mosquito survival is assumed to be high in tropical, dengue endemic, countries like Vietnam. However, the survival rates of wild populations of mosquitoes are seldom measured due the difficulty of predicting mosquito age. Hon Mieu Island in central Vietnam is the site of a pilot release of Ae. aegypti infected with a strain of Wolbachia pipientis bacteria (wMelPop) that induces virus interference and mosquito life-shortening. We used the most accurate mosquito age grading approach, transcriptional profiling, to establish the survival patterns of the mosquito population from the population age structure. Furthermore, estimations were validated on mosquitoes released into a large semi-field environment consisting of an enclosed house, garden and yard to incorporate natural environmental variability. Mosquito survival was highest during the dry/cool (January-April) and dry/hot (May-August) seasons, when 92 and 64% of Hon Mieu mosquitoes had survived to an age that they were able to transmit dengue (12 d), respectively. This was reduced to 29% during the wet/cool season from September to December. The presence of Ae. aegypti older than 12 d during each season is likely to facilitate the observed continuity of dengue transmission in the region. We provide season specific Ae. aegypti survival models for improved dengue epidemiology and evaluation of mosquito control strategies that aim to reduce mosquito survival to break the dengue transmission cycle.

  1. Estimating P-coverage of biosynthetic pathways in DNA libraries and screening by genetic selection: biotin biosynthesis in the marine microorganism Chromohalobacter. (United States)

    Kim, Eun Jin; Angell, Scott; Janes, Jeff; Watanabe, Coran M H


    Traditional approaches to natural product discovery involve cell-based screening of natural product extracts followed by compound isolation and characterization. Their importance notwithstanding, continued mining leads to depletion of natural resources and the reisolation of previously identified metabolites. Metagenomic strategies aimed at localizing the biosynthetic cluster genes and expressing them in surrogate hosts offers one possible alternative. A fundamental question that naturally arises when pursuing such a strategy is, how large must the genomic library be to effectively represent the genome of an organism(s) and the biosynthetic gene clusters they harbor? Such an issue is certainly augmented in the absence of expensive robotics to expedite colony picking and/or screening of clones. We have developed an algorism, named BPC (biosynthetic pathway coverage), supported by molecular simulations to deduce the number of BAC clones required to achieve proper coverage of the genome and their respective biosynthetic pathways. The strategy has been applied to the construction of a large-insert BAC library from a marine microorganism, Hon6 (isolated from Honokohau, Maui) thought to represent a new species. The genomic library is constructed with a BAC yeast shuttle vector pClasper lacZ paving the way for the culturing of libraries in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic hosts. Flow cytometric methods are utilized to estimate the genome size of the organism and BPC implemented to assess P-coverage or percent coverage. A genetic selection strategy is illustrated, applications of which could expedite screening efforts in the identification and localization of biosynthetic pathways from marine microbial consortia, offering a powerful complement to genome sequencing and degenerate probe strategies. Implementing this approach, we report on the biotin biosynthetic pathway from the marine microorganism Hon6.

  2. 'Can you recommend any good STI apps?' A review of content, accuracy and comprehensiveness of current mobile medical applications for STIs and related genital infections. (United States)

    Gibbs, Jo; Gkatzidou, Voula; Tickle, Laura; Manning, Sarah R; Tilakkumar, Tilna; Hone, Kate; Ashcroft, Richard E; Sonnenberg, Pam; Sadiq, S Tariq; Estcourt, Claudia S


    Seeking sexual health information online is common, and provision of mobile medical applications (apps) for STIs is increasing. Young people, inherently at higher risk of STIs, are avid users of technology, and apps could be appealing sources of information. We undertook a comprehensive review of content and accuracy of apps for people seeking information about STIs. Search of Google Play and iTunes stores using general and specific search terms for apps regarding STIs and genital infections (except HIV), testing, diagnosis and management, 10 September 2014 to 16 September 2014. We assessed eligible apps against (1) 19 modified Health on The Net (HON) Foundation principles; and (2) comprehensiveness and accuracy of information on STIs/genital infections, and their diagnosis and management, compared with corresponding National Health Service STI information webpage content. 144/6642 apps were eligible. 57 were excluded after downloading. 87 were analysed. Only 29% of apps met ≥6 HON criteria. Content was highly variable: 34/87 (39%) covered one or two infections; 40 (46%) covered multiple STIs; 5 (6%) focused on accessing STI testing. 13 (15%) were fully, 46 (53%) mostly and 28 (32%) partially accurate. 25 (29%) contained ≥1 piece of potentially harmful information. Apps available on both iOS and Android were more accurate than single-platform apps. Only one app provided fully accurate and comprehensive information on chlamydia. Marked variation in content, quality and accuracy of available apps combined with the nearly one-third containing potentially harmful information risks undermining potential benefits of an e-Health approach to sexual health and well-being. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to

  3. Comprehensive Assessment of Genetic Sequence Variants in the Antioxidant ‘Master Regulator’ Nrf2 in Idiopathic Parkinson’s Disease (United States)

    Todorovic, Michael; Newman, Jeremy R. B.; Shan, Jianguo; Bentley, Steven; Wood, Stephen A.; Silburn, Peter A.; Mellick, George D.


    Parkinson’s disease (PD) is a complex neurodegenerative disorder influenced by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. The molecular mechanisms that underlie PD are unknown; however, oxidative stress and impairment of antioxidant defence mechanisms have been implicated as major contributors to disease pathogenesis. Previously, we have reported a PD patient-derived cellular model generated from biopsies of the olfactory mucosa, termed hONS cells, in which the NRF2-mediated antioxidant response pathway genes were among the most differentially-expressed. To date, few studies have examined the role of the NRF2 encoding gene, NFE2L2, and PD. In this study, we comprehensibly assessed whether rare and common NFE2L2 genetic variations modify susceptibility to PD using a large Australian case-control sample (PD=1338, controls=1379). We employed a haplotype-tagging approach that identified an association with the tagging SNP rs2364725 and PD (OR = 0.849 (0.760-0.948), P = 0.004). Further genetic screening in hONS cell lines produced no obvious pathogenic variants in the coding regions of NFE2L2. Finally, we investigated the relationship between xenobiotic exposures and NRF2 function, through gene-environment interactions, between NFE2L2 SNPs and smoking or pesticide exposure. Our results demonstrated a significant interaction between rs2706110 and pesticide exposure (OR = 0.597 (0.393-0.900), P = 0.014). In addition, we were able to identify some age-at-onset modifying SNPs and replicate an ‘early-onset’ haplotype that contains a previously identified ‘functional promoter’ SNP (rs6721961). Our results suggest a role of NFE2L2 genetic variants in modifying PD susceptibility and onset. Our findings also support the utility of testing gene-environment interactions in genetic studies of PD. PMID:26010367

  4. Adult survivorship of the dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti varies seasonally in central Vietnam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon E Hugo


    Full Text Available The survival characteristics of the mosquito Aedes aegypti affect transmission rates of dengue because transmission requires infected mosquitoes to survive long enough for the virus to infect the salivary glands. Mosquito survival is assumed to be high in tropical, dengue endemic, countries like Vietnam. However, the survival rates of wild populations of mosquitoes are seldom measured due the difficulty of predicting mosquito age. Hon Mieu Island in central Vietnam is the site of a pilot release of Ae. aegypti infected with a strain of Wolbachia pipientis bacteria (wMelPop that induces virus interference and mosquito life-shortening. We used the most accurate mosquito age grading approach, transcriptional profiling, to establish the survival patterns of the mosquito population from the population age structure. Furthermore, estimations were validated on mosquitoes released into a large semi-field environment consisting of an enclosed house, garden and yard to incorporate natural environmental variability. Mosquito survival was highest during the dry/cool (January-April and dry/hot (May-August seasons, when 92 and 64% of Hon Mieu mosquitoes had survived to an age that they were able to transmit dengue (12 d, respectively. This was reduced to 29% during the wet/cool season from September to December. The presence of Ae. aegypti older than 12 d during each season is likely to facilitate the observed continuity of dengue transmission in the region. We provide season specific Ae. aegypti survival models for improved dengue epidemiology and evaluation of mosquito control strategies that aim to reduce mosquito survival to break the dengue transmission cycle.

  5. Galaxy populations in the 26 most massive galaxy clusters in the South Pole Telescope SPT-SZ survey (United States)

    Zenteno, A.; Mohr, J. J.; Desai, S.; Stalder, B.; Saro, A.; Dietrich, J. P.; Bayliss, M.; Bocquet, S.; Chiu, I.; Gonzalez, A. H.; Gangkofner, C.; Gupta, N.; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J.; McDonald, M.; Reichardt, C.; Rest, A.


    We present a study of the optical properties of the 26 most massive galaxy clusters within the South Pole Telescope Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SPT-SZ) 2500 deg2 survey spanning the redshift range 0.10 Frenk-White profile of concentration 2.84^{+0.40}_{-0.37} for the red sequence (RS) and 2.36^{+0.38}_{-0.35} for the total population. Stacking the data in multiple redshift bins shows slight redshift evolution in the concentration when both the total population is used, and when only RS galaxies are used (at 2.1σ and 2.8σ, respectively). The stacked LF shows a faint end slope α = -1.06^{+0.04}_{-0.03} for the total and α = -0.80^{+0.04}_{-0.03} for the RS population. The redshift evolution of m* is consistent with a passively evolving composite stellar population (CSP) model. Adopting the CSP model predictions, we explore the redshift evolution of the Schechter parameters α and φ*. We find α for the total population to be consistent with no evolution (0.3σ), and mildly significant evidence of evolution for the red galaxies (1.1-2.1σ). The data show that the density φ*/E2(z) decreases with redshift, in tension with the self-similar expectation at a 2.4σ level for the total population. The measured HON-mass relation has a lower normalization than previous low redshift studies. Finally, our data support HON redshift evolution at a 2.1σ level, with clusters at higher redshift containing fewer galaxies than their low-z counterparts.

  6. The Influence of Mid-Event Deception on Psychophysiological Status and Pacing Can Persist across Consecutive Disciplines and Enhance Self-paced Multi-modal Endurance Performance (United States)

    Taylor, Daniel; Smith, Mark F.


    Purpose: To examine the effects of deceptively aggressive bike pacing on performance, pacing, and associated physiological and perceptual responses during simulated sprint-distance triathlon. Methods: Ten non-elite, competitive male triathletes completed three simulated sprint-distance triathlons (0.75 km swim, 500 kJ bike, 5 km run), the first of which established personal best “baseline” performance (BL). During the remaining two trials athletes maintained a cycling power output 5% greater than BL, before completing the run as quickly as possible. However, participants were informed of this aggressive cycling strategy before and during only one of the two trials (HON). Prior to the alternate trial (DEC), participants were misinformed that cycling power output would equal that of BL, with on-screen feedback manipulated to reinforce this deception. Results: Compared to BL, a significantly faster run performance was observed following DEC cycling (p triathlon performance to be quicker during DEC (4339 ± 395 s) compared to HON (4356 ± 384 s), the only significant and almost certainly meaningful differences were between each of these trials and BL (4465 ± 420 s; p triathlon run. Conclusions: The present study is the first to show that mid-event pace deception can have a practically meaningful effect on multi-modal endurance performance, though the relative importance of different psychophysiological and emotional responses remains unclear. Whilst our findings support the view that some form of anticipatory “template” may be used by athletes to interpret levels of psychophysiological and emotional strain, and regulate exercise intensity accordingly, they would also suggest that individual constructs such as RPE and affect may be more loosely tied with pacing than previously suggested. PMID:28174540


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Еthics highlights intеrior mеchаnisms which dеtеrminе humаn аctions, his bеhаvior in intеrаctions with thosе аround you. Еthics in businеss hаs bеcomе а subjеct аbout which wе аrе to bе informеd аbout mаny compаniеs to obtаin public confidеncе.v Businеss еthics, studying principlеs аnd rulеs which should govеrn procеssеs corrеct mаnаgеriаl аnd conduct businеss. Businеss Еthics is bаsеd on honеsty, sincеrity, compliаncе with word givеn, thе аbility to function еffеctivеly on thе mаrkеt in corеspundеrе with thе lеgislаtion in forcе, thе rulеs аnd trаditions formаts. In а modеrn compеtitivе еconomy honеsty in businеss is onе of thе kеy еlеmеnts of succеss.

  8. Kinesiology taping and the world wide web: a quality and content analysis of internet-based information. (United States)

    Beutel, Bryan G; Cardone, Dennis A


    Due to limited regulation of websites, the quality and content of online health-related information has been questioned as prior studies have shown that websites often misrepresent orthopaedic conditions and treatments. Kinesio tape has gained popularity among athletes and the general public despite limited evidence supporting its efficacy. The primary objective of this study was to assess the quality and content of Internet-based information on Kinesio taping. An Internet search using the terms "Kinesio tape" and "kinesiology tape" was performed using the Google search engine. Websites returned within the first two pages of results, as well as hyperlinks embedded within these sites, were included in the study. These sites were subsequently classified by type. The quality of the website was determined by the Health On the Net (HON) score, an objective metric based upon recommendations from the United Nations for the ethical representation of health information. A content analysis was performed by noting specific misleading versus balanced features in each website. A total of 31 unique websites were identified. The majority of the websites (71%) were commercial. Out of a total possible 16 points, the mean HON score among the websites was 8.9 points (SD 2.2 points). The number of misleading features was significantly higher than the balanced features (p < 0.001). Fifty-eight percent of sites used anecdotal testimonials to promote the product. Only small percentages of websites discussed complications, alternatives, or provided accurate medical outcomes. Overall, commercial sites had a greater number of misleading features compared to non-commercial sites (p = 0.01). Websites discussing Kinesio tape are predominantly of poor quality and present misleading, imbalanced information. It is of ever-increasing importance that healthcare providers work to ensure that reliable, balanced, and accurate information be available to Internet users. IV.

  9. UDP-glucuronosyltransferase-mediated metabolic activation of the tobacco carcinogen 2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole. (United States)

    Tang, Yijin; LeMaster, David M; Nauwelaërs, Gwendoline; Gu, Dan; Langouët, Sophie; Turesky, Robert J


    2-Amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC) is a carcinogenic heterocyclic aromatic amine (HAA) that arises in tobacco smoke. UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are important enzymes that detoxicate many procarcinogens, including HAAs. UGTs compete with P450 enzymes, which bioactivate HAAs by N-hydroxylation of the exocyclic amine group; the resultant N-hydroxy-HAA metabolites form covalent adducts with DNA. We have characterized the UGT-catalyzed metabolic products of AαC and the genotoxic metabolite 2-hydroxyamino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (HONH-AαC) formed with human liver microsomes, recombinant human UGT isoforms, and human hepatocytes. The structures of the metabolites were elucidated by (1)H NMR and mass spectrometry. AαC and HONH-AαC underwent glucuronidation by UGTs to form, respectively, N(2)-(β-D-glucosidurony1)-2-amino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC-N(2)-Gl) and N(2)-(β-D-glucosidurony1)-2-hydroxyamino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC-HON(2)-Gl). HONH-AαC also underwent glucuronidation to form a novel O-linked glucuronide conjugate, O-(β-D-glucosidurony1)-2-hydroxyamino-9H-pyrido[2,3-b]indole (AαC-HN(2)-O-Gl). AαC-HN(2)-O-Gl is a biologically reactive metabolite and binds to calf thymus DNA (pH 5.0 or 7.0) to form the N-(deoxyguanosin-8-yl)-AαC adduct at 20-50-fold higher levels than the adduct levels formed with HONH-AαC. Major UGT isoforms were examined for their capacity to metabolize AαC and HONH-AαC. UGT1A4 was the most catalytically efficient enzyme (V(max)/K(m)) at forming AαC-N(2)-Gl (0.67 μl·min(-1)·mg of protein(-1)), and UGT1A9 was most catalytically efficient at forming AαC-HN-O-Gl (77.1 μl·min(-1)·mg of protein(-1)), whereas UGT1A1 was most efficient at forming AαC-HON(2)-Gl (5.0 μl·min(-1)·mg of protein(-1)). Human hepatocytes produced AαC-N(2)-Gl and AαC-HN(2)-O-Gl in abundant quantities, but AαC-HON(2)-Gl was a minor product. Thus, UGTs, usually important enzymes in the detoxication of many procarcinogens, serve as a

  10. O exercício do poder e a exclusão de indivíduos e de línguas da sociedade brasileira = Power politics and the exclusion of individuals and languages in Brazilian society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Adriana de Souza


    Full Text Available Neste artigo abordaremos o modo como a implantação do bilinguismo, emmeados da década de 1970, consistiu em um mecanismo de poder que buscou domesticar a diferença linguística existente entre os povos indígenas do Brasil, por meio da implantação do português. Os pressupostos teóricos da Análise de Discurso (AD contribuíram paraverificarmos as condições de produção e o contexto sócio-histórico em que o ensino bilíngue foi implantado. Junto a essa teoria temos, também, os estudos de Foucault (2005 que problematizam o modo como o poder se espalha por todas as instâncias da sociedade, excluindo determinados grupos e os aspectos culturais relacionados a eles, e os de Honório (2006 que discutem a implantação do bilinguismo no Brasil. É no cruzamento entre essas teorias que buscamos refletir sobre a problemática referente à implantação do bilinguismo,trazendo, como exemplo ilustrativo, um levantamento da situação linguística de um grupo de Kaingang.Current essay analyzes the introduction of bilingualism in the mid-1970s as a strategy of power politics to domesticate linguistic differences among the indigenous peoples of Brazil. Discourse Analysis’s theoretical presuppositions verify the production conditions and the social and historical context in which bilingual learning was introduced and established. Coupled to the above, Foucault’s studies problematize the manner power spreads throughout society with the exclusion of certain groups and culturalaspects linked to them. Further, Honório (2006 investigates the introduction of bilingualism in Brazil. Issues on the problem of the introduction of bilingualism have been produced through the intercrossing of the above-mentioned theories with special referenceto the linguistic situation of a Kaingang indigenous community.

  11. The quality of pediatric orthopaedic information on the internet. (United States)

    Winship, Brenton; Grisell, Margaret; Yang, Carolyn B; Chen, Rachel X; Bauer, Andrea S


    Many patients use the Internet for health information. However, there are few guarantees to the reliability and accuracy of this information. This study examined the quality and content of the Internet Web pages for 10 common pediatric orthopaedic diagnoses. We identified 10 common diagnoses in pediatric orthopaedics: brachial plexus injury, cerebral palsy, clubfoot, developmental dysplasia of the hip, leg length discrepancy, osteochondroma, polydactyly, scoliosis, spina bifida, and syndactyly. We used 2 of the most popular search engines to identify the top 10 Web sites for each disease. We evaluated the Web sites utilizing both the quality-based Health On the Net (HON) Foundation criteria and our own content-based grading sheets. The custom grading sheets focused on essential information about disease summary, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Three orthopaedic surgeons graded 98 academic, commercial, nonprofit, and physicians' Web sites for 10 diseases. Academic Web sites scored the highest in content (mean, 60.8% ± 15.5%), whereas commercial Web sites scored the lowest (mean, 46.7% ± 22.2%). Among the diagnoses, osteochondroma Web sites had the highest content scores (mean, 75.8% ± 11.8%), whereas polydactyly Web sites had the lowest content scores (mean, 39.3% ± 15.7%). In contrast, Web sites about developmental dysplasia of the hip had the highest HON scores (65.0 ± 11.1), whereas those about brachial plexus birth palsy scored the lowest (42.6% ± 16.9%). Among the content subgroups, scores were generally higher for disease summary and diagnostics and lower for prognosis. The Internet Web sites reviewed demonstrated a wide range of content and information. We found that nonprofit and academic Web sites were the most reliable sources, whereas commercial and, surprisingly, physician-run Web sites were the least reliable. We advise physicians to talk to their patients about the information they get on the Internet and how it dictates their

  12. Geological mapping of the Kuiper quadrangle (H06) of Mercury (United States)

    Giacomini, Lorenza; Massironi, Matteo; Galluzzi, Valentina


    Kuiper quadrangle (H06) is located at the equatorial zone of Mercury and encompasses the area between longitudes 288°E - 360°E and latitudes 22.5°N - 22.5°S. The quadrangle was previously mapped for its most part by De Hon et al. (1981) that, using Mariner10 data, produced a final 1:5M scale map of the area. In this work we present the preliminary results of a more detailed geological map (1:3M scale) of the Kuiper quadrangle that we compiled using the higher resolution of MESSENGER data. The main basemap used for the mapping is the MDIS (Mercury Dual Imaging System) 166 m/pixel BDR (map-projected Basemap reduced Data Record) mosaic. Additional datasets were also taken into account, such as DLR stereo-DEM of the region (Preusker et al., 2016), global mosaics with high-incidence illumination from the east and west (Chabot et al., 2016) and MDIS global color mosaic (Denevi et al., 2016). The preliminary geological map shows that the western part of the quadrangle is characterized by a prevalence of crater materials (i.e. crater floor, crater ejecta) which were distinguished into three classes on the basis of their degradation degree (Galluzzi et al., 2016). Different plain units were also identified and classified as: (i) intercrater plains, represented by densely cratered terrains, (ii) intermediate plains, which are terrains with a moderate density of superposed craters, and (iii) smooth plains, which are poorly cratered volcanic deposits emplaced mainly on the larger crater floors. Finally, several structures were mapped all over the quadrangle. Most of these features are represented by thrusts, some of which appear to form systematic alignments. In particular, two main thrust systems have been identified: i) the "Thakur" system, a 1500 km-long system including several scarps with a NNE-SSW orientation, located at the edge between the Kuiper and Beethoven (H07) quadrangles; ii) the "Santa Maria" system, located at the centre of the quadrangle. It is a 1700 km

  13. Near-Infrared Properties of Moderate-Redshift Galaxy Clusters: Halo Occupation Number, Mass-to-Light Ratios and Omega(M)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Muzzin, Adam; Yee, H.K.C.; /Toronto U., Astron. Dept.; Hall, Patrick B.; /York U., Canada; Lin, Huan; /Fermilab


    Using K-band imaging for 15 of the Canadian Network for Observational Cosmology (CNOC1) clusters we examine the near-infrared properties of moderate-redshift (0.19 < z < 0.55) galaxy clusters. We find that the number of K-band selected cluster galaxies within R{sub 500} (the Halo Occupation Number, HON) is well-correlated with the cluster dynamical mass (M{sub 500}) and X-ray Temperature (T{sub x}); however, the intrinsic scatter in these scaling relations is 37% and 46% respectively. Comparison with clusters in the local universe shows that the HON-M{sub 500} relation does not evolve significantly between z = 0 and z {approx} 0.3. This suggests that if dark matter halos are disrupted or undergo significant tidal-stripping in high-density regions as seen in numerical simulations, the stellar mass within the halos is tightly bound, and not removed during the process. The total K-band cluster light (L{sub 200},K) and K-band selected richness (parameterized by B{sub gc,K}) are also correlated with both the cluster T{sub x} and M{sub 200}. The total (intrinsic) scatter in the L{sub 200,K}-M{sub 200} and B{sub gc,K}-M{sub 200} relations are 43%(31%) and 35%(18%) respectively and indicates that for massive clusters both L{sub 200,K} and B{sub gc,K} can predict M{sub 200} with similar accuracy as T{sub x}, L{sub x} or optical richness (B{sub gc}). Examination of the mass-to-light ratios of the clusters shows that similar to local clusters, the K-band mass-to-light ratio is an increasing function of halo mass. Using the K-band mass-to-light ratios of the clusters, we apply the Oort technique and find {Omega}{sub m,0} = 0.22 {+-} 0.02, which agrees well with recent combined concordance cosmology parameters, but, similar to previous cluster studies, is on the low-density end of preferred values.

  14. Categorization of Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations in American and European Practice: Importance and Imperative of Avoiding Framing and Confirmation Biases. (United States)

    Sholapurkar, Shashikant L


    Interpretation of electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) remains controversial and unsatisfactory. Fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations are the commonest aberrant feature on cardiotocographs and considered "center-stage" in the interpretation of EFM. A recent American study suggested that the lack of correlation of American three-tier system to neonatal acidemia may be due to the current peculiar nomenclature of FHR decelerations leading to loss of meaning. The pioneers like Hon and Caldeyro-Barcia classified decelerations based primarily on time relationship to contractions and not on etiology per se. This critical analysis debates pros and cons of significant anchoring/framing and confirmation biases in defining different types of decelerations based primarily on the shape (slope) or time of descent. It would be important to identify benign early decelerations correctly to avoid unnecessary intervention as well as to improve the positive predictive value of the other types of decelerations. Currently the vast majority of decelerations are classed as "variable". This review shows that the most common rapid decelerations during contractions with trough corresponding to peak of contraction cannot be explained by "cord-compression" hypothesis but by direct/pure (defined here as not mediated through baro-/chemoreceptors) or non-hypoxic vagal reflex. These decelerations are benign, most likely and mainly a result of head-compression and hence should be called "early" rather than "variable". Standardization is important but should be appropriate and withstand scientific scrutiny. Significant framing and confirmation biases are necessarily unscientific and the succeeding three-tier interpretation systems and structures embodying these biases would be dysfunctional and clinically unhelpful. Clinical/pathophysiological analysis and avoidance of flaws/biases suggest that a more physiological and scientific categorization of decelerations should be based on time relationship to

  15. Semiclassical Tunneling Corrections for Classical Dynamics of Unimolecular Reactions in Polyatomic Molecules. (United States)

    Qin, Yue

    Scope and method of study. The tunneling effects in isomerization of HONO and HSiOH have been studied by using classical trajectories with semiclassical tunneling corrections. The potential energy surfaces were constructed by using the available ab initio, spectroscopic and thermodynamic data. A constrained classical trajectory method was employed to study the roles of the various vibrational modes and molecular rotation in intramolecular energy transfer in cis trans HONO. Findings and conclusions. The results show that the rate constants for cisto trans are generally larger than transto cis for HONO isomerizations. Excitations of the OH and N=O stretches yield the smallest rate constants while the N -O stretch excitation gives the largest rate for both cis to trans and transto cis. The rate of energy transfer from bath modes to the torsional mode is found to be a dominant factor for determining the tunneling rate. Similar behaviors are found in the isomerization of HSiOH. The Si-O stretch excitation gives the largest rate constants and the OH stretch excitation yields the smallest rate constants for both cisto trans and transto cis isomerizations. The ratio of the decay rate with tunneling correction to that without tunneling increases with decreasing total energy of the system. Furthermore, the rate difference between the cisto trans and trans to cis decreases with increasing the excitation energy. The values of the effective mass along the tunneling coordinate can facilitate or hinder the tunneling probability. We find that tunneling effects plays an important role in the isomerization of HSiOH. Our results also elucidate that the ONO bending and torsional modes are important for the relaxation of the excited OH stretch. Removing the torsional motion eliminates the influence of rotation on the intramolecular vibrational energy relaxation. The effects of constraining the ONO bending plays a much smaller role than does constraining the HON bending for decreasing

  16. Intrapartum FHR monitoring and neonatal CT brain scan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, Yoshiki; Ukita, Masahiko; Nakada, Eizo (Kurashiki Central Hospital, Okayama (Japan))


    The effect of fetal distress on the neonatal brain was investigated by neonatal CT brain scan, FHR monitoring and mode of delivery. This study involved 11 cases of full term vertex delivery in which FHR was recorded by fetal direct ECG during the second stage labor. All infants weighed 2,500 g or more. FHR monitoring was evaluated by Hon's classification. Neonatal brain edema was evaluated by cranial CT histgraphic analysis (Nakada's method). 1) Subdural hemorrhage was noted in 6 of 7 infants delivered by vacuum extraction or fundal pressure (Kristeller's method). 2) Intracranial hemorrhage was demonstrated in all of 3 infants with 5-min. Apgar score 7 or less. 3) Two cases with prolonged bradycardia and no variability had intraventricular or intracerebral hemorrhage which resulted in severe central nervous system damage. 4) The degree of neonatal brain edema correlated with 5-min. Apgar score. 5) One case with prolonged bradycardia and no variability resulted in severe neonatal brain edema. Four cases with variable deceleration and increased variability resulted in mild neonatal brain edema. Two cases with late deceleration and decreased variability resulted in no neonatal brain edema.

  17. Practice and Thought of Upgrading Path Construction of Skilled Talents%关于技能人才职位通道建设的创新实践与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    在技能人才职位通道建设的创新实践中 ,江汉油田钻井公司将"标准岗位"评选、"关键岗位"竞聘、高技能职位评聘三个层次连贯为一的整体管理体系,提供了岗位与能力相对应、业绩与荣誉相联系、培养与使用相统一的关键岗位人才选聘和使用的思路和方向.但还要加强技能人才考核评聘过程的监督;加强关键岗位人才后续管理;把技能人才职位通道建设与企业文化建设相融合.%In innovation practice of the path construction of skilled talents ,No .1 Drilling Company established a com-plete management system which contains three levels of normal position ,key position and high-skilled position ,which provides the idea in talent engagement that the position should correspond to one'ability ,one's performance link his hon-or and cultivation and use be unified .The innovation practice requires strengthening procedural supervision of assess-ment and employment of skilled talents ,intensifying follow -up management of key position talents and integrating the path construction with enterprise cultural construction .

  18. Analyzing web log files of the health on the net HONmedia search engine to define typical image search tasks for image retrieval evaluation. (United States)

    Müller, Henning; Boyer, Célia; Gaudinat, Arnaud; Hersh, William; Geissbuhler, Antoine


    Medical institutions produce ever-increasing amount of diverse information. The digital form makes these data available for the use on more than a single patient. Images are no exception to this. However, less is known about how medical professionals search for visual medical information and how they want to use it outside of the context of a single patient. This article analyzes ten months of usage log files of the Health on the Net (HON) medical media search engine. Key words were extracted from all queries and the most frequent terms and subjects were identified. The dataset required much pre-treatment. Problems included national character sets, spelling errors and the use of terms in several languages. The results show that media search, particularly for images, was frequently used. The most common queries were for general concepts (e.g., heart, lung). To define realistic information needs for the ImageCLEFmed challenge evaluation (Cross Language Evaluation Forum medical image retrieval), we used frequent queries that were still specific enough to at least cover two of the three axes on modality, anatomic region, and pathology. Several research groups evaluated their image retrieval algorithms based on these defined topics.

  19. Astronomical Books and Charts in the Book of Bibliographie Coreenne (United States)

    Lee, Ki-Won; Yang, Hong-Jin; Park, Myeong-Gu


    We investigate astronomical materials listed in the book of Bibliographie Coréenne written by Maurice Courant. He classified ancient Korean books into nine Divisions (?) and thirty six Classes (?), and published them as three volumes (ranging from 1894 to 1896) and one supplement (in 1901). In total, 3,821 books including astronomical ones are listed together with information on physical size, possessional place, bibliographical note, and so forth. Although this book is an essential one in the field of Korea bibliography and contains many astronomical materials such as Cheon-Mun-Ryu-Cho ????, Si-Heon-Seo ??????, and Cheon-Sang-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do ????????, it has not been well known to the public nor to astronomical society. Of 3,821 catalogues, we found that about 50 Items (?) are related to astronomy or astrology, and verified that most ! of them are located in the Kyujanggak Royal Library ???. We also found an unknown astronomical chart, Hon-Cheon-Chong-Seong-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do ??????????. Because those astronomical materials are not well known to international astronomical community and there have been few studies on the materials in Korea, we here introduce and review them, particularly with the astronomical viewpoint.

  20. Evolution of health web certification through the HONcode experience. (United States)

    Boyer, Célia; Baujard, Vincent; Geissbuhler, Antoine


    Today, the Web is a media with increasing pervasiveness around the world. Its use is constantly growing and the medical field is no exception. With this large amount of information, the problem is no longer about finding information but assessing the credibility of the publishers as well as the relevance and accuracy of the documents retrieved from the web. This problem is particularly relevant in the medical area which has a direct impact on the well-being of citizens and in the Web 2.0 context where information publishing is easier than ever. To address the quality of the medical Internet, the HONcode certification proposed by the Health On the Net Foundation (HON) is certainly the most successful initiative. The aims of this paper are to present certification activity through the HONcode experience and to show that certification is more complex than a simple code of conduct. Therefore, we first present the HONcode, its application and its current evolutions. Following that, we give some quantitative results and describe how the final user can access the certified information.

  1. A humanist's legacy in medical informatics: visions and accomplishments of Professor Jean-Raoul Scherrer. (United States)

    Geissbühler, A; Lovis, C; Spahni, S; Appel, R D; Ratib, O; Boyer, C; Hochstrasser, D F; Baud, R


    To report about the work of Prof. Jean-Raoul Scherrer, and show how his humanist vision, his medical skills and his scientific background have enabled and shaped the development of medical informatics over the last 30 years. Starting with the mainframe-based patient-centered hospital information system DIOGENE in the 70s, Prof. Scherrer developed, implemented and evolved innovative concepts of man-machine interfaces, distributed and federated environments, leading the way with information systems that obstinately focused on the support of care providers and patients. Through a rigorous design of terminologies and ontologies, the DIOGENE data would then serve as a basis for the development of clinical research, data mining, and lead to innovative natural language processing techniques. In parallel, Prof. Scherrer supported the development of medical image management, ranging from a distributed picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to molecular imaging of protein electrophoreses. Recognizing the need for improving the quality and trustworthiness of medical information on the Web, Prof. Scherrer created the Health-On-the-Net (HON) foundation. These achievements, made possible thanks to his visionary mind, deep humanism, creativity, generosity and determination, have made of Prof. Scherrer a true pioneer and leader of the human-centered, patient-oriented application of information technology for improving healthcare.

  2. De volta aos movimentos sociais? Reflexões a partir da literatura brasileira recente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Kunrath Silva


    Full Text Available In recent years, it is observed in Brazilian social sciences an apparent break with the trend of refl ux in studies of social movements, from an increase in publications geared to the theme. In particular, a signifi cant number of scientifi c journals recently devoted issues to this topic. These publications seem to indicate a resumption as well as a recovery of studies on social movements, and, more broadly, on the processes of organization and social mobilization. In response to this recovery, the goal of this paper is to map the theoretical and epistemological perspectives that characterize this recent literature by means of identifying the present approaches, and, eventually, those in dispute in the current fi eld of researc hon social movements in Brazil. In addition, the article aims to identify the issues raised by this literature which would form the current research agenda in the fi eld of Social Sciences. Finally, the article raises questions about some aspects of this literature, and points out the lack of issues that should be part of the research agenda.

  3. Looking after children and young people: ensuring their voices are heard in the pre-registration nursing curriculum. (United States)

    Sinclair, Wendy; Camps, Laura; Bibi, Fatima


    'Looked after Children' refers to those under the age of 18 years, who have been subject to a care order under The Children Act (1989). In England there are approximately 64,400 young people who are subject of a care order, with evidence suggesting that these young people are likely to experience greater health problems than their peers. While service user involvement is seen as integral to the nursing curriculum much of the literature to date has revolved around adult service users and carers. For a number of years professionals have been urged to hear the voices of young service users and carers, and in particular, those who regularly use health and social care services. This paper will highlight the importance of collaborating with looked after children and young people to inform the nursing curriculum. By focussing on the experiences of delivering a seminar in collaboration with this group of young people in a pre-registration BSc (Hons) in Children's Nursing, the paper will first describe how the session is organised followed by a discussion of the key issues arising these being explored from a nurse lecturer and student nurse perspective.

  4. Comparison of the Sol-gel Method with the Coprecipitation Technique for Preparation of Hexagonal Barium Ferrite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jing-ping; LIU Ying; ZHANG Mi-lin; QIAO Ying-jie; XIA Tian


    Hexagonal barium ferrite BaFe12O19 particles were prepared by sol-gel and coprecipitation methods,respectively.The composition of the so-obtained materials was investigated by means of XRD.By the sol-gel method,non-anticipated intermediate crystalline phases,such as γ-Fe2O3,α-Fe2O3,BaCO3,and BaFe2O4 etc.,were formed with the delay of the formation of BaFe12O19.The formation of single phase BaFe12O19 required calcination at 850 ℃ for 4 h.On the other hand,using copreeipitation technique,amorphous hydroxide precursor was directly transferred into BaFe12O19 almost without the formation of intermediate crystalline phases.BaFe12O19 was prepared by calcining at 700 ℃ for 3 h.The results were confirmed by ESEM and VSM analyses.Based on the already reported results and the observed results in this study,it can be concluded that the coprecipitaion technique is easier to control than the sol-gel method for preparation of BaFe12O19 at a low temperature.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG; Qing-hua(


    [1]Puntambekar N V, Jablokow A G, Sommer H J. Unified review of 3D model generation for reverse engineering[J]. Computer Integrated Manufacturing System,1994,7(4):259~268.[2]Chikofsky E J. Reverse engineering and design recovery: a taxonomy[J]. IEEE Software,1990,6(3):13~17.[3]Chou Hon-yue. Application of reverse engineering in die and mold manufacturing[A]. 3rd Int Conf on Mould & Die Technique in Asia[C]. Taibei, China,1995.753~764.[4]Dipl-Ing Thomas Haller. Rapid mould and die making using reverse engineering and rapid prototyping[A]. 3rd Int Conf on Mould & Die Technique in Asia[C]. Taibei, China,1995.739~752.[5]Abella R J, Daschbach J M. Reverse engineering industrial applications[J]. Computers Ind Engng,1994,26(2):381~385.[6]Chen Y D, Tang X J. Automatic digitization of freeform curves by coordinate measuring machines[J]. ASME PED,1992,62:113~125.[7]Antonie van Rensburg. Implementing IDEF techniques as simulation modeling specifications[J]. Computers Ind Engng,1994,29(1-4):467~571.[8]Eastma C M, Fereshetian N. Informaiton models for use in product design: a comparison[J]. Computer-Aided Design.1994,26(7):551~572.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XING; Yuan(


    [1]Puntambekar N V, Jablokow A G, Sommer H J. Unified review of 3D model generation for reverse engineering[J]. Computer Integrated Manufacturing System,1994,7(4):259~268.[2]Chikofsky E J. Reverse engineering and design recovery: a taxonomy[J]. IEEE Software,1990,6(3):13~17.[3]Chou Hon-yue. Application of reverse engineering in die and mold manufacturing[A]. 3rd Int Conf on Mould & Die Technique in Asia[C]. Taibei, China,1995.753~764.[4]Dipl-Ing Thomas Haller. Rapid mould and die making using reverse engineering and rapid prototyping[A]. 3rd Int Conf on Mould & Die Technique in Asia[C]. Taibei, China,1995.739~752.[5]Abella R J, Daschbach J M. Reverse engineering industrial applications[J]. Computers Ind Engng,1994,26(2):381~385.[6]Chen Y D, Tang X J. Automatic digitization of freeform curves by coordinate measuring machines[J]. ASME PED,1992,62:113~125.[7]Antonie van Rensburg. Implementing IDEF techniques as simulation modeling specifications[J]. Computers Ind Engng,1994,29(1-4):467~571.[8]Eastma C M, Fereshetian N. Informaiton models for use in product design: a comparison[J]. Computer-Aided Design.1994,26(7):551~572.


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L; Zong-wei(


    [1]Puntambekar N V, Jablokow A G, Sommer H J. Unified review of 3D model generation for reverse engineering[J]. Computer Integrated Manufacturing System,1994,7(4):259~268.[2]Chikofsky E J. Reverse engineering and design recovery: a taxonomy[J]. IEEE Software,1990,6(3):13~17.[3]Chou Hon-yue. Application of reverse engineering in die and mold manufacturing[A]. 3rd Int Conf on Mould & Die Technique in Asia[C]. Taibei, China,1995.753~764.[4]Dipl-Ing Thomas Haller. Rapid mould and die making using reverse engineering and rapid prototyping[A]. 3rd Int Conf on Mould & Die Technique in Asia[C]. Taibei, China,1995.739~752.[5]Abella R J, Daschbach J M. Reverse engineering industrial applications[J]. Computers Ind Engng,1994,26(2):381~385.[6]Chen Y D, Tang X J. Automatic digitization of freeform curves by coordinate measuring machines[J]. ASME PED,1992,62:113~125.[7]Antonie van Rensburg. Implementing IDEF techniques as simulation modeling specifications[J]. Computers Ind Engng,1994,29(1-4):467~571.[8]Eastma C M, Fereshetian N. Informaiton models for use in product design: a comparison[J]. Computer-Aided Design.1994,26(7):551~572.

  8. Kontrolsport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ask Vest

    2009-01-01  Svensk intro: Kampen mot dopning inom idrotten har trappats upp betydligt på senare tid. Statistik från World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) pekar i och för sig i en annan riktning; i kvantitativa mått mätt tycks antalet tester ha minskat...... under de senaste fem åren, liksom antalet positiva test. Men nu är det inte bara WADA som agerar antidopningspoliser – och det handlar inte längre bara om kvantitativa mått. Förutom den internationella organisationen finns det nationella antidopningsorganisationer som kontrollerar bruket av otillåtna...... aspekt, och den gäller den personliga integriteten. Enligt det nya WADA-reglementet från 2009 måste varje atlet ange exakt var han eller hon befinner sig under en timma varje dag, hela året, för att kontrollanten ska kunna hitta vederbörande om ett test har beslutats. Och som det ofta blir när man ger...

  9. IN MEMORIAM: W J RICHARDS 21 Mei 1922 – 28 April 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Cilliers


    Full Text Available Willem Johannes Richards is op 21 Mei 1922 in Middelburg, Transvaal, gebore asdie oudste van nege kinders. Nadat hy hier gematrikuleer het, gaan hy na diePotchefstroomse Universiteit vir Christelike Hoër Onderwys waar hy in 1942 dieBComm-graad behaal. Hierna verander hy van studierigting, en na die neem vanaanvullende vakke by die Universiteit van Suid-Afrika verkry hy in 1947BA-status (Klassieke Tale aan die Universiteit van Pretoria. In 1952 wend hy homtot die Teologie en slaag dan ook in daardie jaar sy eerste jaar BD.Sy belangstelling in die Klassieke is egter sterker en hy sit sy studies in hierdierigting voort; in 1956 behaal hy die MA-graad in Latyn onder prof. H L Gonin asstudieleier. Na verkryging van die doktoraal in Klassieke Tale (met lof aan dieUniversiteit van Pretoria in 1959 sit hy sy studies voort in Utrecht, Nederland,waar hy van 1962 tot 1964 studeer en sy D Litt. behaal met ’n proefskrif getiteldGebed by Seneca, die Stoïsyn, onder leiding van prof. H L W Nelson. Na syterugkeer na Suid-Afrika studeer hy verder in Wysbegeerte, waarin hy in 1968 dieBA Hons.-graad met lof verwerf. In 1972 doen hy weer ’n jaar lank navorsing inEuropa en spandeer sy tyd veral in Duitsland, Nederland, Switserland en Engeland.

  10. Quality of web-based information on pathological gambling. (United States)

    Khazaal, Yasser; Chatton, Anne; Cochand, Sophie; Jermann, Françoise; Osiek, Christian; Bondolfi, Guido; Zullino, Daniele


    The present study aims to evaluate the quality of web-based information on gambling and to investigate potential content quality indicators. The following key words: gambling, pathological gambling, excessive gambling, gambling problem and gambling addiction were entered into two popular search engines: Google and Yahoo. Websites were assessed with a standardized proforma designed to rate sites on the basis of "accountability", "presentation", "interactivity", "readability" and "content quality". "Health on the Net" (HON) quality label, and DISCERN scale scores aiding people without content expertise to assess quality of written health publication were used to verify their efficiency as quality indicators. Of the 200 links identified, 75 websites were included. The results of the study indicate low scores on each of the measures. A composite global score appeared as a good content quality indicator. While gambling-related education websites for patients are common, their global quality is poor. There is a need for useful evidence-based information about gambling on the web. As the phenomenon has greatly increased, it could be relevant for Internet sites to improve their content by using global score as a quality indicator.

  11. Induction of cAMP-dependent protein kinase A activity in human skin fibroblasts and rat osteoblasts by extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thumm, S.; Glock, S.; Haemmerle, H. [Natural and Medical Sciences Institute Reutlingen, University of Tuebingen (NMI), Markwiesenstrasse 55, D-72770 Reutlingen (Germany); Loeschinger, M.; Rodemann, H.P. [Section of Radiobiology and Molecular Environmental Research, University of Tuebingen, Roentgenweg 11, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)


    Sinusoidal extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields (ELF-EMF; 7-8 mT, 20 Hz) have already been shown to inhibit proliferation and to accelerate terminal differentiation of human skin fibroblasts in vitro. In order to elucidate the underlying processes of signal transduction, we analysed the activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). EMF exposure for 60 min resulted in an increased PKA activity in human skin fibroblasts (2-fold) and rat embryonic osteoblasts (1.7-fold). Long-term exposure for up to 7 days with a constant 1 h-on/1 h-off EMF exposure rhythm indicated a transient stimulation of PKA activity during the first two exposure rhythms followed by a decrease to the baseline levels of sham-exposed controls. Based on these results, we postulate that a modulation of proliferation and differentiation processes in cells of mesenchymal origin is triggered by an immediate and transient EMF-induced increase in PKA activity. (orig.)

  12. Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov., isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera. (United States)

    Olofsson, Tobias C; Alsterfjord, Magnus; Nilson, Bo; Butler, Eile; Vásquez, Alejandra


    We previously discovered a symbiotic lactic acid bacterial (LAB) microbiota in the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera. The microbiota was composed of several phylotypes of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses and phenotypic and genetic characteristics revealed that the phylotypes isolated represent seven novel species. One grouped with Lactobacillus kunkeei and the others belong to the Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subgroups of Lactobacillus. We propose the names Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov. for these novel species, with the respective type strains being Fhon13N(T) ( = DSM 26257(T) = CCUG 63287(T)), Bin4N(T) ( = DSM 26254(T) = CCUG 63291(T)), Hon2N(T) ( = DSM 26255(T) = CCUG 63289(T)), Hma8N(T) ( = DSM 26256(T) = CCUG 63629(T)), Hma2N(T) ( = DSM 26263(T) = CCUG 63633(T)), Bma5N(T) ( = DSM 26265(T) = CCUG 63301(T)) and Biut2N(T) ( = DSM 26262(T) = CCUG 63631(T)).

  13. 水稻应用“易浇壮”液体壮秧剂试验探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏延雪; 麻海春


    水稻壮秧剂在市场上种类繁多,作用不一,2010年八五九农场水稻田应用了黑龙江爱禾农药有限公司生产的“易浇壮”壮秧剂。苗期应用了该产品的液体型壮秧剂,本田在有效穗数、实粒数、结实率等方面均较对照有改所善。%The strong paddy rice seedling agent has mounted a great variety in the marketplace , the effect has dif-fered , the sheng li farm rice field has applied the agent "easy to irrigate the strong " strong seedling that Heilongjiang love standing grain pesticide Ltd. produces in 2010. That seedling stage has applied the liquid type being a product's turn to the effective ear number , true aspect such as number , fructification rate strengthening the seedling agent , Hon-da is kinder than contrasting having changing an institute equally.

  14. Solid state chemistry of nitrogen oxides--part II: surface consumption of NO2. (United States)

    Ioppolo, S; Fedoseev, G; Minissale, M; Congiu, E; Dulieu, F; Linnartz, H


    Nitrogen oxides are considered to be important astrochemical precursors of complex species and prebiotics. However, apart from the hydrogenation of solid NO that leads to the surface formation of hydroxylamine, little is known about the full solid state reaction network involving both nitrogen and oxygen. Our study is divided into two papers, hereby called Part I and Part II. In the accompanying paper, we investigate the surface reactions NO + O/O2/O3 and NO + N with a focus on the formation of NO2 ice. Here, we complement this study by measurements of the surface destruction of solid NO2, e.g., NO2 + H/O/N. Experiments are performed in two separate ultra-high vacuum setups and therefore under different experimental conditions to better constrain the experimental results. Surface reaction products are monitored by means of Fourier Transform Reflection Absorption Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-RAIRS) and Temperature Programmed Desorption (TPD) techniques using mass spectrometry. The surface destruction of solid NO2 leads to the formation of a series of nitrogen oxides such as NO, N2O, N2O3, and N2O4 as well as HNO, NH2OH, and H2O. When NO2 is mixed with an interstellar more relevant apolar (i.e., CO) ice, solid CO2 and HCOOH are also formed due to interactions between different reaction routes. The astrophysical implications of the full nitrogen and oxygen reaction network derived from Parts I and II are discussed.

  15. A questão do poder e da denúncia na escrita social e psicológica de São Bernardo, de Graciliano Ramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Lana


    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende analisar como o narrador / personagem denuncia os impactos da modernidade sobre o homem, na escrita social e psicológica de São Bernardo, de Graciliano Ramos. Será verificado como os fatores externos ao personagem Paulo Honório podem ter sido decisivos na sua escrita, tais como a aquisição de São Bernardo, o casamento, a morte da esposa; e como os fatores externos à obra – momento histórico que se delineia em meados do século XX – auxiliam a contornar os personagens e a narrativa. Para fazê-lo, partir-se-á da descrição do processo de humanização que passam as personagens e as relações entre o narrador / personagem e seus possíveis leitores, mediante a adoção da escrita como instrumento artístico de confissão e denúncia.Palavras-chave: Foucault; Marcuse; poder; humanização; denúncia

  16. A questão do poder e da denúncia na escrita social e psicológica de São Bernardo, de Graciliano Ramos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Lana


    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende analisar como o narrador / personagem denuncia os impactos da modernidade sobre o homem, na escrita social e psicológica de São Bernardo, de Graciliano Ramos. Será verificado como os fatores externos ao personagem Paulo Honório podem ter sido decisivos na sua escrita, tais como a aquisição de São Bernardo, o casamento, a morte da esposa; e como os fatores externos à obra – momento histórico que se delineia em meados do século XX – auxiliam a contornar os personagens e a narrativa. Para fazê-lo, partir-se-á da descrição do processo de humanização que passam as personagens e as relações entre o narrador / personagem e seus possíveis leitores, mediante a adoção da escrita como instrumento artístico de confissão e denúncia

  17. Urban air quality management using emission inventory estimates for three Indian cities: Faridabad, Lucknow and Pune. (United States)

    Panwar, T S; Sharma, Sumit


    Urban air quality is an issue of major concern across many cities and towns in India. In particular, high levels of particulate matter (both suspended particulate matter (SPM) and respirable suspended particulate matter (RSPM)) are responsible for non-compliance against air quality standards. This paper analyses the status of air quality in the 16 most polluted Indian cities identified for priority action by the Hon'ble Supreme Court of India. Each city has its own unique problems depending on the nature of activities being undertaken. Thus, three cities, Pune, Lucknow, and Faridabad, which represent a top-ten urban agglomerate (based on population), a predominantly residential city and an industrial town are chosen for detailed analyses of the air quality problem. The causal factors for poor air quality are determined and sectoral emission loads are estimated for each city adopting a uniform approach that facilitates comparative evaluation. These provide an estimate of the major contributors to air pollution with specific reference to particulate matter, which is a major pollutant of concern. For each of these cities, an air quality management plan is suggested that specifically accounts for the contributing factors in each city. Further, quantitative estimates of the likely improvements due to implementation of some of the specific measures are also provided. An overall comparative assessment of the air quality issues across different cities can provide useful insights in the development of the management plan for the remaining cities as well.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghada M. ALQaslah


    Full Text Available Background: This study might have been directed to some degree because of clashing results in the past studies regarding the impacts for different SS protocols on muscle strength and possibility for injury. The objective of the study was to investigate the acute effects of different static stretching (SS durations (20, 30, and 60s on isokinetic concentric quadriceps (Q and hamstrings (H peak torque (PT, eccentric H PT and conventional and functional H:Q ratios under different stretching conditions and angular velocities (60°and180°/s in active women. Methods: Isokinetic tests were performed on 108 active women. A HUMAC system was used to measure unilateral concentric Q and H PT, and eccentric H PT at 60 and 180º/s at baseline and after a bout of H-only, Q-only, and combined H and Q muscles SS. The data were statistically treated using five separate three-way (time x conditions x velocity ANOVA. Results: There were no significant differences among groups at baseline (P > 0.05. Significant reductions of all outcome measures have been shown to occur after 30 and 60s of SS (P 0.05. Conclusion: Short-lasting stretching can be done before exercises that require strength. However, since 30s or 60s stretching protocols adversely affect the muscle strength, performance and lower H:Q ratios they are not recommended prior to activities demanding the production of high forces.

  19. Acute gastroenteritis: from guidelines to real life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung M Chow


    Full Text Available Chung M Chow1, Alexander KC Leung2, Kam L Hon11Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR China; 2Department of Pediatrics, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, CanadaAbstract: Acute gastroenteritis is a very common disease. It causes significant mortality in developing countries and significant economic burden to developed countries. Viruses are ­responsible for approximately 70% of episodes of acute gastroenteritis in children and rotavirus is one of the best studied of these viruses. Oral rehydration therapy is as effective as i­ntravenous therapy in treating mild to moderate dehydration in acute gastroenteritis and is strongly r­ecommended as the first line therapy. However, the oral rehydration solution is described as an underused simple solution. Vomiting is one of the main reasons to explain the underuse of oral rehydration therapy. Antiemetics are not routinely recommended in treating acute gastroenteritis, though they are still commonly prescribed. Ondansetron is one of the best studied antiemetics and its role in enhancing the compliance of oral rehydration therapy and decreasing the rate of hospitalization has been proved recently. The guidelines regarding the recommendation on antiemetics have been changed according to the evidence of these recent studies.Keywords: gastroenteritis, vomiting, antiemetic, ondansetron, rotavirus, oral rehydration therapy, intravenous therapy, guideline

  20. Washing water treatment for simultaneous removal of SO/sub 2/ and NO/sub x/ from gases, with conversion of dithionates and salts of sulfonic acid. Waschwasseraufbereitung fuer die simultane SO/sub 2/- und NO/sub x/-Gasreinigung mit Umwandlung von Dithionaten und Salzen der Sulfonsaeure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoelter, H.; Igelbuescher, H.; Gresch, H.; Dewert, H.


    The main application no. P 3519681.5 refers to a water treatment process for simultaneous SO/sub 2//NO/sub x/ gas purification. In this process, a component current of the washing water reacts in a vessel containing hydrated lime. For the further improvement of this process, a short-lived dispersing agent is applied, in accordance with the invention, to the component current of the washing water, so as to increase the precipitation of CaSO/sub 3/.1/2H/sub 2/O, CaSO/sub 4/.2H/sub 2/O and iron(II)/iron(III) hydroxide solids, without affecting subsequent reactions to the washing-water treatment. In a further development, the acid waste water (filtrate) from the EDTA precipitation is treated not in an evaporating plant or a spray drying system, but in a decomposition plant consisting of a heat exchanger, a flow-type calorifier, recirculation and conduction pipes, as well as a pollutant recycling pipe to the crude gas installed in front of the scrubber; for the conversion of dithionates and salts of sulphonic acid such as HON(SO/sub 3/Na)/sub 2/, NH(SO/sub 3/Na)/sub 2/, N(SO/sub 3/Na)/sub 3/ into sulphate and sulphite, strongly acidified solutions of such salts are heated for a defined period via heat exchangers, with or without the use of pressure, with the heated solutions decomposing in the process.

  1. What’s in the pipeline? Drugs in development for autism spectrum disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung M


    Full Text Available Min Sung,1 Chee Hon Chin,1 Choon Guan Lim,1 Hwee Sen Alvin Liew,1 Chau Sian Lim,2 Espérance Kashala,1 Shih-Jen Weng1 1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore; 2Department of Psychological Medicine, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, Singapore Abstract: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with both core symptoms and associated symptoms (eg, irritability, aggression, and comorbidities that affect both the individual and the family/systems around them. There have been recent advances in the understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of ASD pertaining to genetics, epigenetics, neurological, hormonal, and environmental factors that contribute to the difficulties found in individuals with ASD. With this improved understanding, there has been a shift in the application of psychopharmacology in ASD and its related disorders. A literature review was conducted to examine research published in the last 5 years between different classes of psychotropic medications and ASD. The broad scope of the existing literature for the use of conventional medications is summarized and novel medications are discussed. Keywords: pharmacology, treatment, autism, Asperger’s syndrome, medication

  2. Defect formation and thermal evolution in H and O co-implanted Si

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Zhuo, E-mail: [School of Science, Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin 300222 (China); Wang, Jun; Liu, Changlong [School of Science, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072 (China)


    190 keV O and 40 keV H ions with different fluences were sequentially implanted into crystalline Si at room temperature. The surface damage and defect microstructures after subsequent annealing have been studied by optical microscopy (OM) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (XTEM). The formation of surface damage depends strongly on both the H implant fluence and annealing temperature. After 400 °C annealing, surface blistering was first observed on Si co-implanted with O and H ions both at a relative high fluence, while no surface damage was observed on H-only implanted Si. Further annealing led to serious surface damage, such as blistering and localized exfoliation. According to statistics of the size of craters from exfoliated regions, O and H co-implantation could effectively increase the average size of the craters. XTEM observations have revealed that the additional high fluence O implantation could affect the thermal growth of H cavities. The surface damage and defect microstructures induced by O and H co-implantation were tentatively discussed considering the interactions between O, H implants and heavily damaged Si substrate.

  3. Health search engine with e-document analysis for reliable search results. (United States)

    Gaudinat, Arnaud; Ruch, Patrick; Joubert, Michel; Uziel, Philippe; Strauss, Anne; Thonnet, Michèle; Baud, Robert; Spahni, Stéphane; Weber, Patrick; Bonal, Juan; Boyer, Celia; Fieschi, Marius; Geissbuhler, Antoine


    After a review of the existing practical solution available to the citizen to retrieve eHealth document, the paper describes an original specialized search engine WRAPIN. WRAPIN uses advanced cross lingual information retrieval technologies to check information quality by synthesizing medical concepts, conclusions and references contained in the health literature, to identify accurate, relevant sources. Thanks to MeSH terminology [1] (Medical Subject Headings from the U.S. National Library of Medicine) and advanced approaches such as conclusion extraction from structured document, reformulation of the query, WRAPIN offers to the user a privileged access to navigate through multilingual documents without language or medical prerequisites. The results of an evaluation conducted on the WRAPIN prototype show that results of the WRAPIN search engine are perceived as informative 65% (59% for a general-purpose search engine), reliable and trustworthy 72% (41% for the other engine) by users. But it leaves room for improvement such as the increase of database coverage, the explanation of the original functionalities and an audience adaptability. Thanks to evaluation outcomes, WRAPIN is now in exploitation on the HON web site (, free of charge. Intended to the citizen it is a good alternative to general-purpose search engines when the user looks up trustworthy health and medical information or wants to check automatically a doubtful content of a Web page.

  4. Phryne Fisher: A postcolonial female detective in Ruddy Gore (1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    caty Ribas Segura


    Full Text Available Kerry Greenwood’s The Phryne Fisher Mystery Collection is formed by 19 novels set in 1928-1929 Australia and its main character is the Hon. Phryne Fisher, a young beautiful intelligent rich woman who works as a private detective. The seventh novel of this collection is Ruddy Gore (1995, which presents one of the most relevant characters in the series: Lin, and which includes a turning-point in the protagonist’s life.This article analyses the depiction of Miss Fisher as a postcolonial detective in the late 1920s Melbourne, and focuses on the constructs of gender and ethnicity in the creation of Miss Fisher and of Lin. This novel was adapted as a TV episode, aired by the Australia Broadcasting Corporation in 2012. This article also explores the way Phryne is depicted in the episode and how she interacts with some of the characters. The article aims to find out whether the adaptation creates a female detective as author Kerry Greenwood had envisioned, and whether this character breaks stereotypes or follows them.

  5. First Meeting of the NACA 1915 (United States)


    The first meeting of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA.) in the Office of The Secretary Of War April 23, 1915. Brig. Gen. George P. Scriven was elected as the temporary Chairman of the NACA and Dr. Charles D. Walcott (not pictured), Secretary of the Smithsonian, was elected Chairman of the NACA Executive Committee. After the Wright Brothers historic first flight in 1903, the United States began to fall behind in aeronautical research. With the beginning of World War I the nation realized it needed a center for aeronautical research as a means of catching up technologically with Europe. On March 3, 1915 the legislation creating the NACA passed and the NACA was born. For 43 years the NACA worked to advance aviation research until it was eventually absorbed into the new space agency, NASA, in 1958. Seated from Left to Right: Dr. William Durand, Stanford University, California. Dr. S.W. Stratton, Director, Bureau of Standards. Brig.Gen. George P. Scriven, Chief Signal Officer, War Dept. Dr. C.F. Marvin, Chief, United States Weather Bureau Dr. Michael I Pupin, Columbia University, New York. Standing: Holden C. Richardson, Naval Instructor. Dr. John F. Hayford, Northwestern University, Illinois. Capt. Mark L. Bristol, Director of Naval Aeronautics. Lt. Col. Samuel Reber, Signal Corps. Charge, Aviation Section Also present at the First Meeting: Dr. Joseph S. Ames, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. Hon. B. R. Newton, Asst. Secretary of Treasury.

  6. Influence of dissolved organic matter and manganese oxides on metal speciation in soil solution: A modelling approach. (United States)

    Schneider, Arnaud R; Ponthieu, Marie; Cancès, Benjamin; Conreux, Alexandra; Morvan, Xavier; Gommeaux, Maxime; Marin, Béatrice; Benedetti, Marc F


    Trace element (TE) speciation modelling in soil solution is controlled by the assumptions made about the soil solution composition. To evaluate this influence, different assumptions using Visual MINTEQ were tested and compared to measurements of free TE concentrations. The soil column Donnan membrane technique (SC-DMT) was used to estimate the free TE (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) concentrations in six acidic soil solutions. A batch technique using DAX-8 resin was used to fractionate the dissolved organic matter (DOM) into four fractions: humic acids (HA), fulvic acids (FA), hydrophilic acids (Hy) and hydrophobic neutral organic matter (HON). To model TE speciation, particular attention was focused on the hydrous manganese oxides (HMO) and the Hy fraction, ligands not considered in most of the TE speciation modelling studies in soil solution. In this work, the model predictions of free ion activities agree with the experimental results. The knowledge of the FA fraction seems to be very useful, especially in the case of high DOM content, for more accurately representing experimental data. Finally, the role of the manganese oxides and of the Hy fraction on TE speciation was identified and, depending on the physicochemical conditions of the soil solution, should be considered in future studies.

  7. Galaxy Populations in the 26 most massive Galaxy Clusters in the South Pole Telescope SZE Survey

    CERN Document Server

    Zenteno, A; Desai, S; Stalder, B; Saro, A; Dietrich, J P; Bayliss, M; Bocquet, S; Chiu, I; Gonzalez, A H; Gangkofner, C; Gupta, N; Hlavacek-Larrondo, J; McDonald, M; Reichardt, C; Rest, A


    We present a study of the optical properties of the 26 most massive galaxy clusters selected within the SPT-SZ 2500 deg$^2$ survey. This Sunyaev-Zel'dovich effect selected sample spans a redshift range of 0.10 < z < 1.13. We measure the galaxy radial profile, the luminosity function (LF), and the halo occupation number (HON) using optical data with a typical depth of $m^*$ + 2. The stacked radial profiles are consistent with a NFW profile with a concentration of $2.84^{+0.40}_{-0.37}$ for the red sequence (RS) and $2.36^{+0.38}_{-0.35}$ for the total population. Stacking the data in multiple redshift bins shows a hint of redshift evolution in the concentration when both the total population is used, and when only RS galaxies are used (at 2.1$\\sigma$ and 2.8$\\sigma$, respectively). The stacked LF shows a faint end slope $\\alpha = -1.06^{+0.04}_{-0.03}$ for the total and $\\alpha = -0.80^{+0.04}_{-0.03}$ for the RS population. The redshift evolution of $m^*$ is found to be consistent with a passively evolv...

  8. The mechanisms for desensitization effect of synthetic polymers on BCHMX: Physical models and decomposition pathways. (United States)

    Yan, Qi-Long; Zeman, Svatopluk; Zhang, Xiao-Hong; Málek, Jiří; Xie, Wu-Xi


    The project involves determination of the activation energies and physical models for thermolysis of BCHMX and its PBXs. The initial decomposition pathways were also proposed on the basis of molecular dynamic simulation. The goal is to find the mutual relationships among the physical models, decomposition pathways, and the impact sensitivities for BCHMX and its PBXs. It has been shown that the physical model of the first step of BCHMX thermolysis is close to first order and the second step is governed by a first order autocatalytic model, which turns to "2D or 3D Nucleation and Growth" models under the effect of polymeric binders probably due to their hindrances on topochemical reaction of BCHMX. Simulation results show that the scission of N-NO2 is the initial step for BCHMX pyrolysis, followed by HONO and HNO eliminations, where the latter is due to nitro-nitrite rearrangement. Under the effect of hydrocarbon polymers, the HONO/HON elimination and collapse of ring structure of BCHMX occur earlier without changing the time for N-NO2 scission, which might be the reason why those polymers have little effect on the thermal stability of BCHMX, while they could make it decompose almost in a single complex step. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Clinical effectiveness and safety of montelukast in asthma. What are the conclusions from clinical trials and meta-analyses?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hon KLE


    Full Text Available Kam Lun Ellis Hon,1 Ting Fan Leung,1 Alexander KC Leung21Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong; 2Department of Pediatrics, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, CanadaAbstract: Asthma is a common childhood atopic disease associated with chronicity and impaired quality of life. As there is no cure for this disease, treatment relies on avoidance of triggers such as food and aeroallergens, the use of inhaled bronchodilators/corticosteroids and antiallergic or immunomodulating therapies. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs and bronchodilators have been the mainstay. However, in Asia, myths and fallacies regarding Western medicine and corticosteroids are prevalent and lead to nonadherence to treatment. Also, use of traditional and proprietary herbal medicines is popular. In the past decades, a novel class of nonsteroidal immunomodulating montelukasts has become available. This article reviews the evidence for the effectiveness and clinical efficacy of these medications. A number of randomized and controlled trials have been performed over the years. The majority of studies confirm the usefulness of montelukast as monotherapy and add-on therapy to ICS in mild to moderate childhood asthma across all age groups. ICSs are generally superior to montelukasts for asthma management. However, montelukast has a place in the treatment of young children with viral-triggered wheezing diseases, exercise-induced asthma, and in children whose parents are steroid-phobic and find ICS unacceptable.Keywords: cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist, inhaled corticosteroid, randomized control trial, meta analysis

  10. Food effect: The combined effect of media pH and viscosity on the gastrointestinal absorption of ciprofloxacin tablet. (United States)

    Radwan, Asma; Zaid, Abdel Naser; Jaradat, Nidal; Odeh, Yousef


    The clinical implications of food-drug interactions may have to be taken seriously into account with oral drugs administration in order to minimize variations in drug bioavailability. Food intake may alter physiological changes in the pH and viscosity of the gastrointestinal lumen, which could affect the oral absorption of drugs. The aim of the present study was to have an insight on the effect of media parameters: viscosity and pHon the oral absorption of ciprofloxacin HCl from solid formulations using a model food: Corchorus olitorius (Jute) Soup. In vitro disintegration and dissolution rates of ciprofloxacin tablet were evaluated using compendia buffer media in the presence/absence of C. olitorius leaves. These in vitro data were then input to GastroPlus™ to predict ciprofloxacin absorption profiles under fasted and fed states. The present study demonstrated the significance of luminal pH and viscosity on the dissolution and disintegration of solid formulations following postprandial ingestion of the viscous soup. The tablets showed prolonged disintegration times and reduced dissolution rates in this soup, which could be attributed to the postprandial elevation in media viscosity and reduced solubility at elevated gastricpH. The predicted model under fed state showed no impact on AUC but prolonged Tmax and a decrease in Cmax. Concomitant intake of C. olitorius soup with ciprofloxacin might have negative effect on the rate of drug release from conventional immediate release tablets. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. A cross-sectional content analysis of Android applications for asthma. (United States)

    Househ, Mowafa; Hossain, Nassif; Jamal, Amr; Zakaria, Nasriah; Elmetwally, Ashraf; Alsalamah, Majid; Khalifa, Mohamed


    Providing patients opportunities for self-management and education about their disease, asthma applications designed for use on an Android operating system can have positive health outcomes across the range of demographics who use mHealth applications. This study provides a content analysis of freely available Google Android Platform Mobile Applications for Asthma. A list of applications was collected on 26 October 2014, using the search feature of the Google Play Android platform and using the words and phrases "Asthma," "Lung Function" and "Peak Flow." Each application was coded for its approach to asthma self-management, based on categories adapted by Huckvale et al., which are based on the Global Initiative for Asthma and the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program. The characteristics of the 15 asthma applications are described. Most of the asthma applications' primary function focused on patient self-monitoring and self-assessment. Using the HON Code, we found low health information quality across all asthma applications. Android asthma applications can have positive outcomes in helping patients as they provide opportunities for self-management and education about their disease. Future research should continue to monitor and evaluate the development and use of mHealth Asthma Applications. Based on these findings, and their indication of a gap in existing research, subsequent studies can continue to evaluate the development and use of mHealth Asthma Applications with increasing methodological consistency to improve the quality of in-app health information.

  12. Effect of parenteral and early intrajejunal nutrition on pancreatic digestive enzyme synthesis,storage and discharge in dog models of acute pancreatitis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huan-Long Qin; Zhen-Dong Su; Lei-Guang Hu; Zai-Xian Ding; Qing-Tian Lin


    AIM:To study the effect of early intrajejunal nutrition on enzyme-protein synthesis and secretion during acute pancreatitis.METHODS:Fifteen dogs were randomly divided into parenteral nutrition(n = 7)and early intrajejunal nutrition groups(n = 8).An acute pancreatitis model was induced by injecting 5% sodium taurocholate and trypsin into the pancreas via the pancreatic duct.Intrajejunal nutrition was delivered with a catheter via a jejunostomy tube after the model was established for 24 h.On d 1 and 7 and at the beginning of nutritional support,radioactive tracing and electron microscopes were used to evaluate the enzyme-protein synthesis in acinar cells,the subcellular fractionation and the change in zymogen granules after 1.85×106 Bq L-3H phenylalanine was infused at 30,60,120,and 180 min.RESULTS:The 3H radioactivity in pancreatic acinar cells reached its peak level at 60 min,and the contents in the early intrajejunal nutrition group were higher than those in the parenteral nutrition group,which were then decreased.The mean number and area of zymogen granules did not show any significant statistical difference in both groups on d 1 or on d 7(P > 0.05).CONCLUSION:Early intrajejunal nutrition might be effective in dogs with acute pancreatitis.

  13. 芦荟蜂蜜饮料的研制%Study of the Processing of Aloe and Honey Juice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周治德; 李桂银; 黄燕萍


    A process of Aloe and honey compound beverage was studied. The main ingredients are aloe and hon- ey. Citric acid, sugar, sodium iso-VC are used as food additives. Through a scientific study, a health benefits natural beverage was produced. In this paper, the production process and formulation was studied and a reasonable processing parameters were investigated. Orthogonal experimental results showed that the best formula was a combination of 20% of aloe vera juice, 12% of honey, 3% of sucrose, 0. 15% of citric acid. The best Stabilizers formula were 0.20% CMC with 0. 10% xanthan gum.%以库拉索芦荟和蜂蜜为主要原料,以柠檬酸、蔗糖、异Vc钠等为辅料,加工制成复合型饮料。正交实验表明,芦荟蜂蜜饮料的适宜配方为:芦荟汁20%,蜂蜜12%,白砂糖3%,柠檬酸0.15%。稳定剂为0.20羧甲基纤维素(CMC)+0.10%黄原胶。

  14. Head and neck cancer information on the internet: type, accuracy and content.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ni Riordain, Richeal


    This study aimed to determine the type, accuracy and content of information available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer. The search engine Google was used to generate a list of the top 100 websites about head and neck cancer. The websites were evaluated using the DISCERN instrument and the JAMA benchmarks and whether the site displayed the Health on the Net seal was also recorded. The search yielded 1,650,000 sites on the Google website. Of the top 100 sites, a total of 33 sites were suitable for analysis due to duplicate links, non-functioning links and irrelevant website. 45% achieved all four JAMA benchmarks and 18% achieved only 1 benchmark. No website receiving the maximum mark on the overall score and four websites received the lowest overall score regarding the DISCERN instrument. The question with the poorest response score was \\'Does it describe how the treatment choices affect overall quality of life?\\' 39% of the websites displayed the Health on the Net (HON) seal. A wide variety of types of information are available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer with variable accuracy levels based on both Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks and DISCERN. The onus lies with the practitioner to guide the patient regarding scientific reliability of information and to direct the patient in filtering the information sourced. The inclusion of quality of life related information is currently lacking and should be addressed to ensure a more comprehensive understanding for patients of treatment options.

  15. ENN-ICS - quality assurance and online evaluation of a multilingual learning management system for sleep medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knobl, Brigitte


    Full Text Available With the development and implementation of a multilingual interactive communication system the e-health project ENN-ICS, funded by the European Union, aims at the improvement of health care in Europe. The field of application is sleep physiology and sleep medicine. ENN-ICS Centre offers direct access to medical information for multiple users, i.e. health authorities, health care professionals, patients and citizen. Using XML technologies the new web based network integrates advanced e-learning and e-publishing methods for the training of healthcare professionals. Editorial and distributive processes are supported by customized central editorial, content management and learning management systems (CMS, LMS. ENN-ICS e-health services are evaluated by selected user groups in North, Middle and Southern Europe using reliable and scientifically accepted validation instruments. The compliance with essential quality requirements and criteria is tested and verified by using adapted online questionnaires based on the DISCERN questionnaire for evaluating patient information, on the HON principles for evaluating health-related websites and on the GMDS catalogue of quality criteria for electronic publications in medicine. The system architecture and its exemplary applications can be used as a model for future e-health services dealing with neurological and other medical topics.

  16. N2H4抑制好氧氨氧化及亚硝酸盐氧化动力学参数%Respirometric estimation of kinetics parameters for ammonium and nitrite oxidation under inhibition by N2H4

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖芃颖; 张代钧; 蔡庆


    The kinetic of CANON (completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite) process strengthened by trace hydrazine (N2H4) was investigated to provide fundamental data for further research and engineering application. Aerobic ammonium (NH4+) oxidation was divided into two steps, NH4+ oxidation to hydroxylamine step and hydroxylamine oxidation to nitrite step, and a startup functionNH2OH-bSaewas added to the former step todescribe the kinetic process of statup phase. Kinetics models for NH4+ and nitrite (NO2-) oxidation under N2H4inhibition was established and calibrated with the oxygen uptake rate (OUR) obtained in the respirometric tests. The biomass yield coefficients of AOB for NH2OH oxidation to NO2-(YNH2OH) and NH4+oxidation to NO2- (YNH4+) are estimated as (0.437±0.129)mgCOD/mgN and (0.324±0.0123)mgCOD/mgN, respectively. The biomass yield coefficient of NOB (YNO) is estimated as (0.222±0.0112)mgCOD/mgN. The half-saturation coefficient for N2H4 oxidation [KS,N2H4=(7.96±0.811)mgN/L], and kinitic inhibitor coefficients forNH4+ and NO2-oxidation by N2H4[KI,HON =(7.88±0.783)mgN/L,KI,NO=(1.223± 0.555)mgN/L, respectively] were first obtained by simulating the exogenous OUR profiles obtained in respirometric tests of nitrifying sludge at first time.%为联氨(N2H4)强化全自养脱氮(CANON, completely autotrophic nitrogen removal over nitrite)工艺性能研究提供基础数据,本研究将好氧氨氧化过程动力学表达分为两步,于氨(NH4+)氧化生成羟胺(NH2OH)步添加启动函数 NH2OH-bSae 用于模拟好氧氨氧化启动加速阶段,建立N2H4抑制好氧氨氧化与亚硝酸盐(NO2-)氧化过程动力学模型;采用呼吸测量法进行硝化污泥呼吸批次试验,分别得到 NH2OH 氧化生成NO2-和NH4+氧化生成NO2-的好氧氨氧化菌(AOB)产率系数[YNH2OH=(0.437±0.129)mgCOD/mgN,YNH4+=(0.324±0.0123)mgCOD/mgN]及亚硝酸盐氧化菌(NOB)产率系数[YNO=(0.222±0.0112)mgCOD/mgN];基于 N2H4抑制动力学模型模拟

  17. 焦化废水中溶解性有机物组分的特征分析%Composition characterization of dissolved organic matters in coking wastewater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张万辉; 韦朝海; 晏波; 任曼; 彭平安


    Coking wastewater is the representative wastewater containing various organic pollutants.In order to ascertain the composition,XAD-8 resin was applied to concentrate and isolate the organic compounds in coking wastewater.Dissolved organic matter in coking wastewater was fractionated into four different fractions: hydrophobic acids(HOA),hydrophobic bases(HOB),hydrophobic neutrals(HON) and hydrophilic substances(HIS).Thereafter,the dissolved organic carbon(DOC),ultraviolet-visible(UV) absorption spectroscopy,chroma and the organic component were determined.The DOC values of HIS and HOA showed these two were the main fractions of DOM,comprising 44.3% and 32.4% of the total sample.The characteristic absorption wavelength of coking wastewaater ranged from 200 nm to 250 nm and 300 nm to 400 nm,and the intension order was HISHOAHONHOB.The chroma of coking wastewater was composed of HOA and HON,and their absorbance at 525 nm and 436 nm contributed 42.9%,42.1% and 21.4%,15.8% of the total.The dominant compounds were aniline,phenol,quinoline and isoquinoline for HIS,various alkyl phenols for HOA,aniline bases and polycyclic nitrogen-containing aromatics for HOB and indole with its ramifications for HON.%焦化废水是典型的具有复杂有机质的工业废水,其复杂的有机构成制约了水处理的水质达标,且可能对排入水体构成危害.为了探明其溶解性有机物的组成,采用XAD-8大孔树脂将焦化废水中的溶解性有机物分为亲水性组分(HIS)、疏水酸性组分(HOA)、疏水碱性组分(HOB)和疏水中性组分(HON),分析了各组分的溶解性有机物(DOC)、紫外-可见光谱、色度,并采用GC/MS对各组分中有机物进行定性分析.结果表明,焦化废水中的有机物主要为HIS和HOA组分,其DOC含量分别占总DOC的44.3%和32.4%;焦化废水在200—250 nm和300—400 nm范围内有特征吸收峰,且吸收光强度顺序为HIS〉HOA〉HON〉HOB;焦化废水

  18. A prepared mind--Ernest Edward Tyzzer's legacy of research into avian diseases. (United States)

    Williams, R B


    Ernest Edward Tyzzer (1875-1965) was a physician, specializing at first (1902-1916) in cancer research and then from 1916 as a parasitologist. He was born of English parents in Wakefield, Massachusetts, where he lived all his life. Educated in Wakefield public schools, Brown University (Ph.B., A.M., Hon. Sc.D.), and Harvard University (M.D.), he established during his 40-yr career (1902-1942) an international reputation in oncology, pathology, virology, bacteriology, parasitology, and taxonomic zoology in relation to human and veterinary medicine. His contributions to knowledge of avian diseases were outstanding and wide-ranging. Seminal work included: new descriptions of tumors in chickens; the first record of Cryptosporidium in birds; studies on the biology, morphology, in vitro culture, and epizootiology of the blackhead (histomonosis) parasite and its reclassification under a new genus Histomonas; descriptions of eight new taxa of amebae and flagellates in chickens, turkeys, and ruffed grouse; descriptions of seven new species of Eimeria in chickens, turkeys, pheasants, and quail as well as studies on their biology, immunogenicity, virulence, and epizootiology; a description of the trematode Collyriclum in English sparrows; the first record of mycosis in ruffed grouse; the recognition of birds as a source of equine encephalomyelitis infections of humans; the first American record of infectious sinusitis in turkeys and discovery of a curative treatment; and studies of Newcastle disease and avian influenza during the war research program of the 1940s. Application of Tyzzer's histomonosis research to farm practice saved the Massachusetts turkey industry from extinction in the 1920s and significantly influenced the recovery of turkey farming nationally.

  19. Optimal management of fatigue in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuen HK


    Full Text Available Hon K Yuen,1 Melissa A Cunningham2 1Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 2Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, SC, USA Abstract: Among the host of distressing pathophysiological and psychosocial symptoms, fatigue is the most prevalent complaint in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. This review is to update the current findings on non-pharmacological, pharmacological, and modality strategies to manage fatigue in patients with SLE and to provide some recommendations on optimal management of fatigue based on the best available evidence. We performed a systematic literature search of the PubMed and Scopus databases to identify publications on fatigue management in patients with SLE. Based on the studies reported in the literature, we identified nine intervention strategies that have the potential to alleviate fatigue in patients with SLE. Of the nine strategies, aerobic exercise and belimumab seem to have the strongest evidence of treatment efficacy. N-acetylcysteine and ultraviolet-A1 phototherapy demonstrated low-to-moderate levels of evidence. Psychosocial interventions, dietary manipulation (low calorie or glycemic index diet aiming for weight loss, vitamin D supplementation, and acupuncture all had weak evidence. Dehydroepiandrosterone is not recommended due to a lack of evidence for its efficacy. In addition to taking treatment efficacy and side effects into consideration, clinicians should consider factors such as cost of treatment, commitments, and burden to the patient when selecting fatigue management strategies for patients with SLE. Any comorbidities, such as psychological distress, chronic pain, sleep disturbance, obesity, or hypovitaminosis D, associated with fatigue should be addressed. Keywords: health-related quality of life, vitality, systemic lupus erythematosus, clinical

  20. Supporting socialisation in the transition to university: A potential use for on-line discussion boards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robinson, Leslie [Directorate of Radiography, School of Health Care Professions, University of Salford (United Kingdom); Reeves, Pauline [Wrexham, Wales (United Kingdom)], E-mail:; Murphy, Fred; Hogg, Peter [Directorate of Radiography, School of Health Care Professions, University of Salford (United Kingdom)


    Background: Promoting socialisation for students entering Higher Education is desirable on two grounds. In the first instance it facilitates the processes of student collaboration which, according to sociocultural pedagogies, is important for effective learning. Secondly, it provides a supportive social network, enhancing the student experience which is thought to reduce the risk of attrition. These two drivers provided the rationale for our work. Method: Using the Blackboard Virtual Learning Environment, two on-line discussion boards were used during the transition and induction period for the BSc (Hons) Diagnostic Radiography programme at the University of Salford. The aim was to facilitate socialisation between students about to embark on the programme and current students and staff. The use of discussion boards was evaluated using a mixed methods approach. Statistical data regarding postings was analysed. Posts and focus group comments were subject to content analysis. Results: The discussion boards were 'hit' 5718 times and there were 280 posts. A small number of students did not post any messages. There was evidence of the key features of on-line socialisation which were; establishing an identity; getting to know others; discovering and contributing to communication etiquette; and developing supporting and trusting relationships. Conclusion: The discussion boards were deemed a successful method of providing socialisation during transition and induction. There were some limitations with discussion board layout and functionality and a blog, with its chronological layout and capability to display visual cues such as emoticons may be more effective. The limited participation by some students may provide a means by which to identify 'at-risk' students before the start of the course and this would be an interesting area for further study.

  1. The design and implementation of a proficiency test for assessors of fingermark quality, to facilitate collaborative practise in fingermark research. (United States)

    Fieldhouse, Sarah; Gwinnett, Claire


    Significant numbers of institutions are carrying out fingermark based research, yet there appears to be little inter-institution consistency in the approaches used to assess the quality of the samples produced. Inter-institution consistency in quality assessment would lead to inevitable benefits in collaborating research projects, given that data from multiple projects may be combined, or compared. In order for such quality assessment schemes to be effectively used across multiple institutions, proficiency in using such approaches should be identified to ensure parity. Intra-institution controls on fingermark quality assessment are likely to help manage variations between researchers from the same institution and/or project(s). Proficiency testing (PT) is a popular means of comparing and monitoring the competency of individuals, whilst also assessing the validity of data and conclusions. This project aimed to develop a proficiency testing scheme for the assessment of fingermark quality for researchers. A grading system was developed to assess the quality of fingermarks generated within research projects. A large collection of test fingermark samples was created controlling variables such as force, fingermark composition and surface type. An 'inter-laboratory testing scheme' design was used for the proficiency test and established fingermark researchers participated in the project to produce known values for 6 chosen test samples for round one of the testing scheme, described in this paper. Second year BSc (Hons) Forensic Science and Forensic Investigation student participants from the host institution completed the proficiency test as part of a fingermark practical. Results indicated that student participants involved in this project were not able to demonstrate a satisfactory level of proficiency of fingermark quality assessment using this grading system, which was attributed to their relative experience in assessing the quality of fingermarks compared to 'experts

  2. Efecto de la aplicación de azufre para el control de oidiosis “leveillula taurica” en el cultivo de alcachofa (Cynara scolymus L. var. imperial star

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Mauricio


    Full Text Available Una de las causas importantes para el decaimiento de la producción de alcachofa es por la enfermedad conocida con el nombre de oídium u oidiosis o ceniza, “ Leveillula taurica” , la q ue provoca formaciones pulverulentas en el envés de las hojas, y luego invaden el haz.; induciendo a una pérdida de masa foliar, muerte de la planta y reducción en rendimiento. Con la finalidad de poder contrarrestar el efecto de infección y avance del hon go se planteo el trabajo de investigación la cuál fue determinar la dosis adecuada del azufre para el control de oidiosis ( Leveillula taurica en el cultivo de alcachofa Cynara scolymus L var. imperial star. El experimento fue llevado a cabo en el Distrit o de Víctor Larco, Trujillo, La Libertad; suelo de textura franco arcilloso, empleándose un sistema de riego por gravedad cuya frecuencia de riego es quincenal para la conducción del cultivo. Se empleó un Diseño de Bloques Completos al Azar, con cuatro tr atamientos y un testigo, y con cuatro repeticiones. Fue realizado un análisis de varianza y la prueba de Duncan con un nivel de significancia de 5 %. Los resultados mostraron que los tratamientos aplicados de azufre reducen y controlan el avance del hongo , siendo el mejor el T2, con dosis 1 kg/cil. Se concluye que estos tratamientos son adecuados para ser aplicados en el cultivo de alcachofa para el control de oídium ( Leveillula taurica.

  3. Synthesis and Characterization of Diorganotin Compounds {[R2Sn(ON=CHC6H5)]2O}2 and Crystal Structure of {[(C6H5CH2)2Sn(ON = CHC6H5)]2O}2

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YIN,Han-Dong(尹汉东); XUE,Sheng-Cai(薛绳才); WANG,Qi-Bao(王其宝)


    Diorganotin compounds {[R2Sn(ON=CHC6H5)]2O}2 [R=C6H5CH2 (1), 2-FC6H4CH2 (2), 4-FC6H4CH2 (3),2-C1C6H4CH2 (4), 4-C1C6H4CH2 (5)] were synthesized by the reaction of R2SnO with HON=CHC6H5 in 1: 1 molar ratio in refluxing anhydrous benzene or toluene. They were characterized by elemental analysis, IR, 1H NMR and 119sn NMR spectroscopy. And two sets of 119sn chemical shifts were observed in the 119Sn NMR spectra of these compounds, indicating the presence of two types of environment around the tin atoms. The crystal structure of compound 1 was determined by X-ray single crystal diffraction analysis. The results showed that the crystal of compound 1 belongs to a monoclinic system with space group P21/c and unit cell dimensions: a= 1.0718(9) nm, b=1.9666(17) nm, c=2.0480(17) nm, β=96.4371(14)°, Dc= 1.450 g/cm3, Z=2, F(000)= 1888, V=4.290(6) nm3, μ= 1.206 mm -1, R1 =0.0405, wR2= 0.0786. The compound 1 belongs to centrosymmetric dimer structure mode with a four-membered central endo-cyclic Sn2O2 unit in which the bridging oxygen atoms are tri-coordinated. Each bridging oxygen atom also connects with an exo-cyclic tin atom. The endo- and exo-cyclic tin atoms are both five-coordinated, and have coordination geometry of distorted trigonal bipyramid.

  4. Bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis in Vietnam: a randomized controlled trial comparing vitrectomy with silicone oil versus vitrectomy alone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Do T


    Full Text Available Tan Do,1 Do N Hon,1 Tin Aung,2 Nguyen DTN Hien,1 Claude L Cowan Jr3 1Vietnam National Institute of Ophthalmology, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore; 3Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA Background/aims: To compare treatment outcomes with and without silicone oil tamponade in patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV for severe endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis (BEE. Methods: One hundred and eight consecutive patients with severe BEE (defined by the absence of pupil red reflex at presentation and/or dense vitreous opacity on ultrasound and no improvement after 24–36 hours of medical treatment were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: Group 1, standard PPV with intravitreal antibiotics; and Group 2, PPV with intravitreal antibiotics and silicone tamponade. Overall success was defined as: a visual acuity ≥ count fingers at 1 meter, with an attached retina, and no intraocular oil. Results: Fifty three patients were randomized to Group 1 and 55 patients to Group 2. The mean age of study subjects was 32 years and baseline clinical characteristics were similar in both groups. At the final follow-up visit at 9 months, the overall success rate of Group 2 (67.3% was significantly better than Group 1 (43.4%; P=0.01. There were also fewer devastating complications (such as inoperable retinal detachment, phthisis bulbi in Group 2 compared with Group 1 (21.8% versus 43.4%; P=0.01. Conclusion: The outcome at 9 months of patients with BEE treated by vitrectomy with silicone oil was better than those treated by vitrectomy alone. Keywords: bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis, vitrectomy, silicone oil endotamponade, randomized controlled trial

  5. Quality of Web-based information on obsessive compulsive disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klila H


    Full Text Available Hedi Klila,1 Anne Chatton,2 Ariane Zermatten,2 Riaz Khan,2 Martin Preisig,1,3 Yasser Khazaal2,4 1Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland; 2Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland; 3Lausanne University, Lausanne, Switzerland; 4Geneva University, Geneva, Switzerland Background: The Internet is increasingly used as a source of information for mental health issues. The burden of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD may lead persons with diagnosed or undiagnosed OCD, and their relatives, to search for good quality information on the Web. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of Web-based information on English-language sites dealing with OCD and to compare the quality of websites found through a general and a medically specialized search engine. Methods: Keywords related to OCD were entered into Google and OmniMedicalSearch. Websites were assessed on the basis of accountability, interactivity, readability, and content quality. The "Health on the Net" (HON quality label and the Brief DISCERN scale score were used as possible content quality indicators. Of the 235 links identified, 53 websites were analyzed. Results: The content quality of the OCD websites examined was relatively good. The use of a specialized search engine did not offer an advantage in finding websites with better content quality. A score ≥16 on the Brief DISCERN scale is associated with better content quality. Conclusion: This study shows the acceptability of the content quality of OCD websites. There is no advantage in searching for information with a specialized search engine rather than a general one. Practical implications: The Internet offers a number of high quality OCD websites. It remains critical, however, to have a provider–patient talk about the information found on the Web. Keywords: Internet, quality indicators, anxiety disorders, OCD, search engine

  6. The adsorption of nitrogen oxides on crystalline ice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Bartels


    Full Text Available The partitioning of nitrogen oxides between ice and air is of importance to the ozone budget in the upper troposphere. In the present study, adsorption of nitrogen oxides on ice was investigated at atmospheric pressure using a chromatographic technique with radioactively labelled nitrogen oxides at low concentrations. The measured retentions solely depended on molecular adsorption and were not influenced by dimerisation, formation of encapsulated hydrates on the ice surface, dissociation of the acids, nor by migration into a quasi-liquid layer or grain boundaries. Based on the chromatographic retention and the model of thermo-chromatography, the standard adsorption enthalpy of -20 kJ mol-1 for NO, -22kJ mol-1 for NO2, -30kJ mol-1 for peroxyacetyl nitrate, -32kJ mol-1 for HON} and -44 kJ mol-1 for HNO3 was calculated. To perform those calculations within the model of thermo-chromatography, the standard adsorption entropy was calculated based on statistical thermodynamics. In this work, two different choices of standard states were applied, and consequently different values of the standard adsorption entropy, of either between -39 kJ mol-1 and -45kJ mol-1, or -164 kJ mol-1 and -169 kJ mol-1 for each nitrogen oxide were derived. The standard adsorption enthalpy was identical for both standard adsorption entropies and thus shown to be independent of the choice of standard state. A brief outlook on environmental implications of our findings indicates that adsorption on ice might be an important removal process of HNO3. In addition, it might be of some importance for HONO and peroxyacetyl nitrate and irrelevant for NO and NO2.

  7. Phenology Observation of Two Honeysuckles%忍冬植物的物候观测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭硕; 秦永生


    呼和浩特市植物园于1991年自中科院北京植物园;1种繁果忍冬和橙黄果忍冬,连续3a对其进行物候期观测。结果表明,相同品种在不同年份所表现出的物候期有所不同,最多相差14d;2个品种的物候期有明显差异,繁果忍冬的整体花期比橙黄果美丽忍冬延长10d左右;繁果忍冬的果实成熟需要100d左右,比橙黄果美丽忍冬提前10d;两种忍冬的萌动期和落叶期基本相同;在引种地的最佳观果期均大干40d.%Hohhot Botanical Garden introduced Lonicera tatarica cv. Fan Guo and L. X bella Zab ' range fruiting' from Beijing Botanical Garden of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991. By observing the phenological phase of the two hon- eysuckles for three years, the results showed that the same species showed different phenological phase in different years, and had a maximum difference of 14 days. Phenological phase of the two honeysuckles in the same year also had a differ- ence. The overall flowering period of Lonicera tatarica cv. Fan Guo was longer 10 days than that of L. X bella Zab ' range fruiting' ; the maturation time of Lonicera tatarica cv. Fan Guo needed about 100 d, which advanced 10 days than L. X beUa Zab ' range fruiting'. Both of the best ornamental periods of the two varieties were more than 40 days.

  8. Identifying applicants suitable to a career in nursing: a value-based approach to undergraduate selection. (United States)

    Traynor, Marian; Galanouli, Despina; Roberts, Martin; Leonard, Lawrence; Gale, Thomas


    The aim of this study was to complement existing evidence on the suitability of Multiple Mini Interviews as a potential tool for the selection of nursing candidates on to a BSc (Hons) nursing programme. This study aimed to trial the Multiple Mini Interview approach to recruitment with a group of first year nursing students (already selected using traditional interviews). Cross-sectional validation study. This paper reports on the evaluation of the participants' detailed scores from the Multiple Mini Interview stations; their original interview scores and their end of year results. This study took place in March 2015. Scores from the seven Multiple Mini Interview stations were analysed to show the internal structure, reliability and generalizability of the stations. Original selection scores from interviews and in-course assessment were correlated with the MMI scores and variation by students' age, gender and disability status was explored. Reliability of the Multiple Mini Interview score was moderate (G = 0·52). The Multiple Mini Interview score provided better differentiation between more able students than did the original interview score but neither score was correlated with the module results. Multiple Mini Interview scores were positively associated with students' age but not their gender or disability status. The Multiple Mini Interview reported in this study offers a selection process that is based on the values and personal attributes regarded as desirable for a career in nursing and does not necessarily predict academic success. Its moderate reliability indicates the need for further improvement but it is capable of discriminating between candidates and shows little evidence of bias. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future: Report to the Secretary of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    Preamble The Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future (BRC) was formed by the Secretary of Energy at the request of the President to conduct a comprehensive review of policies for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle and recommend a new strategy. It was co-chaired by Rep. Lee H. Hamilton and Gen. Brent Scowcroft. Other Commissioners are Mr. Mark H. Ayers, the Hon. Vicky A. Bailey, Dr. Albert Carnesale, Sen. Pete Domenici, Ms. Susan Eisenhower, Sen. Chuck Hagel, Mr. Jonathan Lash, Dr. Allison M. Macfarlane, Dr. Richard A. Meserve, Dr. Ernest J. Moniz, Dr. Per Peterson, Mr. John Rowe, and Rep. Phil Sharp. The Commission and its subcommittees met more than two dozen times between March 2010 and January 2012 to hear testimony from experts and stakeholders, to visit nuclear waste management facilities in the United States and abroad, and to discuss the issues identified in its Charter. Additionally, in September and October 2011, the Commission held five public meetings, in different regions of the country, to hear feedback on its draft report. A wide variety of organizations, interest groups, and individuals provided input to the Commission at these meetings and through the submission of written materials. Copies of all of these submissions, along with records and transcripts of past meetings, are available at the BRC website ( This report highlights the Commission’s findings and conclusions and presents recommendations for consideration by the Administration and Congress, as well as interested state, tribal and local governments, other stakeholders, and the public.

  10. 领导干部心理健康教育研究探析%Research and Exploration on the Psychological Health E-ducation of Leaders and Cadres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    As a special group, cadres exercise the power to ad-ministrate the country, so the rise and fall of the country is deter-mined by whether the cadre team can work efficiently and hon-estly in a normal order, to a certain extent. Their qualities directly influence the efficiency of administration and the image of the Party and government. Cadres should not only have the ability to complete their duty and healthy physical condition, but also pos-sess healthy psychological qualities. Starting from the research status, this paper analyzed the main problems existing in the cur-rent research, and put forward future research.%作为一个特殊的群体,干部行使着管理国家的权力,国家的兴衰在一定程度上取决于干部队伍能否有序、廉洁、高效地运转。他们的素质高低也直接影响着行政效率的高低,影响着党和政府的形象。干部不仅要有完成本职工作的本领和健康的体魄,更应该具备健康的心理品质和良好的心理素质。本文从研究现状入手,分析研究目前存在的主要问题,并对未来研究作出展望。

  11. Quality, Range, and Legibility in Web Sites Related to Orofacial Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corrêa, Camila de Castro


    Full Text Available Introduction: Plenty of information about health is available on the Internet; however, quality and legibility are not always evaluated. Knowledge regarding orofacial functions can be considered important for the population because it allows proper stimulus, early diagnosis, and prevention of the oral myofunctional alterations during early infancy. Objective: The aim was evaluate the quality, legibility, and range of Web sites available in Brazilian Portuguese regarding the orofacial functions. Methods: Selected Web sites with information directed to parents/caregivers of babies regarding breast-feeding, feeding after 6 months, deleterious oral habits, and breathing and speech were studied. The Web sites were evaluated through the application of Flesch Reading Ease Test and aspects of the Health on the Net (HON modified code (HONCode; the range of the subjects addressed was compared with other aspects of infant development. Results: From the access of 350 pages of the Internet, 35 Web sites were selected and 315 excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. In relation to legibility, Web sites scored an average of 61.23% in the Flesch Test, and the application of the modified HONCode showed an average of 6.43 points; an average of 2.49 subjects were found per Web site evaluated, with information on breast-feeding being more frequent and subjects such as breathing and speech less frequent. Conclusions: Web sites that deal with orofacial functions presented standard legibility classification. Only half of the ethical principles were considered by the modified HONCode in their majority, and most addressed subjects after “breast-feeding” were presented with restricted range.

  12. The un-uniform observatories location effect in the Dst index (United States)

    Wu, Y.


    The Dst index is a major planetary magnetic activity index proposed by Sugiura in 1964, which is designed to depict the temporal development of the magnetic storm and the intensity of the ring current system flowing in the equatorial plane of the magnetosphere at 3 to 8 Earth radii. It is an hourly index derived from the average value of the horizontal component of the geomagnetic field at four low latitudinal observatories (namely, HER, HON, KAK and SJG). For a long time, the Dst index is greatly doubted. Researchers have pointed out that a great proportion of the Dst index is originated from the Substorm Wedge current system, the Cross-tail current and the Partial ring current system [Turner et al., 2000; Liemohn et al., 2001; Ohtani et al., 2001; Rostoker, 2000; Friedrich et al., 1999; Maltsev, 2003; Huang, 2004; Hakkinen et al., 2002]. The ring current system and its disturbed storm-time field (Dst field) take on an enhanced dawn-dusk asymmetry during disturbed time. Therefore, the influence of the non-uniform location of four observatories of the Dst index will enhance. The purpose of this paper is to study the influence of the observatories' location on the Dst index. The hourly data of the horizontal component of the geomagnetic field in the observatories in geomagnetic latitude between 45°S and -45°N is used, to derive the local-time distribution model of the Dst field by the method of Nature Orthogonal Component and Cubic Polynomial Fitting. Results suggest that the maximum difference to the LT-model with four Dst index stations is about 5% lowness on 16UTmp, 3% highness on 05UTmp, and the minimum difference is around 11UTmp (UTmp corresponds to the universal time of the minimum of the Dst index). It proves some certain extent efficiency afforded by adding observatories in the SYM index.

  13. Laterality in artistic gymnastics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavio BESSI


    Full Text Available Abstract Worldwide trainers ask if there is a rotation scheme, which facilitate the learning of the elements with longitudinal rotations. Although there are some research on it, they did not attempt to verify a total scheme, but merely to see the relationship between two elements or four elements. In this study we analyse the appreciation of experts N = 161 coaches (age: 34.9 ± 10.9 from different levels of expertise and from different countries (ARG, BOL, BRA, CHI, ECU, ELS, GER, GUA, HON, MEX, PAN, PER, URU, VEN with 12 ± 8.8 years of experience regardinghow gymnasts should execute 27 different elements in 5 male apparatus. We chose these elements, because we wanted to have movements with rotation in upright stance, upside down and in combination with transversal rotation. Through a questionnaire for coaches, we tried to verify if there are differences, coincidences or even immovable rules in the rotation scheme that gymnasts use (or should use. The answers were typologized with three categories of rotational preference: unilateral consistent twister, bilateral consistent twister and inconsistent twister. The study aimed to answer several questions: Do coaches agree on how the rotation scheme should be in gymnastics? How do coaches (former gymnasts determined which way to turn? Do the handedness or the footedness influence on the direction of rotation? Does the personal rotation scheme influence on the concept of appropriate rotation scheme? Do the national practices influence the rotation scheme? Are there differences in appreciation between coaches at different levels? Are unambiguous rules among the elements?


    Hernández-Morante, Juan José; Jiménez-Rodríguez, Diana; Cañavate, Rubén; Conesa-Fuentes, María del Carmen


    Introducción: actualmente, el uso de Internet como fuente de información sobre temas de salud, y más concretamente sobre trastornos alimentarios, está aumentando enormemente. Sin embargo, al no existir una regulación precisa, la información disponible puede variar en calidad y fiabilidad. Objectivo: el objetivo del presente trabajo fue determinar tanto la calidad general como la información contenida en las páginas web sobre obesidad y trastornos de la alimentación más visitadas en España. Métodos: se introdujeron consecutivamente los términos ‘obesidad’, ‘anorexia’ y ‘bulimia’ en el buscador Google®. La calidad general de las páginas web se analizó mediante dos test, la certificación internacional HonCode ® y el test de Bermúdez-Tamayo et al.; la calidad de la información se analizó específicamente con el test DISCERN. Resultados: no observamos diferencias significativas en la calidad general entre las diferentes patologías estudiadas (p = 0,197), aunque las páginas web sobre anorexia obtuvieron las menores puntuaciones. Además, todas las páginas web mostraron deficiencias significativas respecto a la calidad de la información (p = 0,032). No obstante, las páginas sobre obesidad mostraron mayor calidad que las de anorexia. Discusión: la calidad general de las páginas sobre trastornos nutricionales es moderada, pero la calidad de la información que contienen es bastante deficiente. Hay que destacar que las páginas web sobre anorexia mostraron tanto la peor calidad como la peor información.

  15. Evaluación de la toxicidad/patogenicidad de una formulación de Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis (Bactivec

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Mancebo


    Full Text Available Existen varios agentes microbianos, incluyendo hon-gos, protozoos, virus y bacterias, que han sido utilizados comomosquiticidas. No obstante, entre esos agentes, el Bacillus thu-ringiensises el más potente y ha sido el más ampliamente utili-zado. El Bactivec es un biolarvicida producido en Cuba, quecontiene Bacillus thuringiensis variedadisraelensiscomo agen-te activo. Con el objetivo de evaluar su toxicidad/patogenicidad,se administró el Bactivec en una dosis única de 5 x 108unidadesformadoras de colonias por vía oral a ratas, y por vía dérmica ados grupos de conejos albinos, uno recibiendo una dosis deBactivec de 1 x 109unidades formadoras de colonia por animal,y el otro una dosis de 9.2 x 108de unidades formadoras de colo-nia de Bacillus thuringiensis variedadisraelensis por animal. Enambos ensayos las observaciones clínicas fueron diarias, y seevaluó el comportamiento del peso corporal. Además, en elensayo por vía oral se estimó el aclaramiento mediante recolec-ción de las heces fecales, y se evaluó la infectividad mediantetoma de muestras de fluidos y órganos. Al final de los ensayosse realizó la necropsia a todos los animales. No ocurrieron mor-talidades, ni evidencias de patogenicidad o toxicidad relaciona-da con el tratamiento en ninguno de los ensayos. En el ensayo detoxicidad/patogenicidad aguda oral se obtuvo que el microorga-nismo fue eliminado rápidamente sin provocar infección signifi-cativa. Se concluyó que el Bactivec no es patogénico por las víasoral y dérmica a las dosis evaluadas

  16. A comparison of the quality of the information available on the internet on interventional radiology, vascular surgery, and cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Alsafi


    Full Text Available Context and Aims: Internet use is rapidly expanding and increasingly plays a substantial role in patient education. We sought to evaluate and compare the quality of information available to patients online on three closely linked specialties: Interventional radiology (IR, cardiology, and vascular surgery. Materials and Methods: We searched the leading three search engines for the terms: "Interventional Radiology", "cardiology," and "vascular surgery," collating the top 50 hits from each search. After excluding duplicates and irrelevant sites, 43, 25, and 36 sites remained, respectively. Sites were analyzed using the LIDA instrument (an online tool for assessing health-related websites and Fleisch Reading Ease Scores (FRES were compared across the different search terms and correlated with the country of origin and certification by the Health on the Net (HON Foundation. Results: There was no significant difference ( P>0.05 in the total LIDA, accessibility, usability or reliability scores between the three specialties. HONCode certification was associated with higher LIDA (83.1±1.6 vs. 71.53±0.8 ( P<0.0001, reliability (75.7±3.6 vs. 49.0±1.6 ( P<0.0001 and FRES (37.4±4.0 vs. 29.7±1.4 ( P=0.0441. Conclusion: Websites are generally well designed and easy to use; the majority however, lacks currency and reliability. Despite similarity in quality of online information, there is a disparity in knowledge of IR; this may be due to low web-traffic figures of IR sites. Wikipedia′s user-generated content, ranks highly in major search engines, as such; this could serve as means of disseminating reliable health information to patients.

  17. Reflective writing: the student nurse's perspective on reflective writing and poetry writing. (United States)

    Coleman, Dawn; Willis, Diane S


    Reflective writing is a mandatory part of nurse education but how students develop their skills and use reflection as part of their experiential learning remains relatively unknown. Understanding reflective writing in all forms from the perspective of a student nurse is therefore important. To explore the use of reflective writing and the use of poetry in pre-registered nursing students. A qualitative design was employed to explore reflective writing in pre-registered nursing students. A small university in Scotland. BSc (Hons) Adult and Mental Health Pre-registration Student Nurses. Two focus groups were conducted with 10 student nurses during March 2012. Data was analysed thematically using the framework of McCarthy (1999). Students found the process of reflective writing daunting but valued it over time. Current educational methods, such as assessing reflective accounts, often lead to the 'narrative' being watered down and the student feeling judged. Despite this, reflection made students feel responsible for their own learning and research on the topic. Some students felt the use of models of reflection constricting, whilst poetry freed up their expression allowing them to demonstrate the compassion for their patient under their care. Poetry writing gives students the opportunity for freedom of expression, personal satisfaction and a closer connection with their patients, which the more formal approach to reflective writing did not offer. There is a need for students to have a safe and supportive forum in which to express and have their experiences acknowledged without the fear of being judged. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Changes in ECG and enzyme activity in rat heart after myocardial infarction: effect of TPP and MnCl2. (United States)

    Tylicki, A; Czerniecki, J; Godlewska, A; Kieliszek, M; Zebrowski, T; Bielawski, T; Wojcik, B


    Heart infarction is one of the main causes of death in the human population. Assurance of a sufficient level of bioenergetic processes is very important for the heart after infarction. Mn2+ as well as thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) are positive effectors of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDH) and the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDH), both of which play a very important role in the Krebs cycle. Thus, we have established the effect of MnCl2 (10mg/kg) and TPP (20mg/kg)--4 injections every 12 h--on the activity of PDH, OGDH, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). Additionally, we perform an analysis of ECG to affirm the changes in the heart electrophysiology of healthy rats after MnCl2 and TPP treatment. We then analyzed changes in the activity of these enzymes after experimental myocardial infarction in rats. We observed a decrease of OGDH and MDH activity in rat hearts after infarction in comparison with sham-operated rats. Treatment of healthy rats with MnCl2 caused an increase of OGDH activity. Moreover both MnCl2 and TPP caused an increase of PDH activity and a decrease of MDH activity (TPP revealed a stronger effect). We found no changes in LDH activity. Electrocardiography data showed a slight shortening of the QT interval and an enhanced heartbeat rate after treatment with MnCl2. TPP caused only elongation of the QT interval. In conclusion, application of MnCl2 enhanced the activity of some very important enzymes in the respiration process (PDH and OGDH). This effect, connected with enhanced heartbeat and a slightly shortened ventricle relaxation, may have potential application during the key period of convalescence following heart infarction.

  19. Interview: Professor Andrew Feinberg speaks to Epigenomics. (United States)

    Feinberg, Andrew


    Doctor of Philosophy (Hon. Caus.) from Uppsala University (Sweden), and the President's Diversity Recognition Award of Johns Hopkins University.

  20. Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia as a Complication of Nivolumab Therapy. (United States)

    Palla, Amruth R; Kennedy, Devin; Mosharraf, Hossain; Doll, Donald


    Recently, immunotherapeutic drugs, including PD-1 inhibitors (nivolumab, pembrolizumab), PD-L1 inhibitors (atezolizumab, avelumab), and CTLA4 inhibitors (ipiliumumab), have emerged as important additions to the armamentarium against certain malignancies and have been incorporated into therapeutic protocols for first-, second-, or third-line agents for these metastatic cancers. Immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab is currently FDA approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic malignant melanoma [Redman et al.: BMC Med 2016;14: 20], metastatic non-small cell lung cancer [Guibert and Mazières: Expert Opin Biol Ther 2015;15: 1789-1797], metastatic renal cell cancer [Farolfi et al.: Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol 2016;12: 1089-1096], and relapsed or refractory classic Hodgkin's lymphoma [Villasboas and Ansell: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2016;16: 5-12]. Given the current and increasing indications for these drugs, it is essential for all physicians to become well versed with their common adverse effects and to be observant for other less documented clinical conditions that could be unmasked with the use of such medications. A definite association between autoimmune hemolytic anemia and the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab has not been clearly documented, although a few cases have been reported recently [Kong et al.: Melanoma Res 2016;26: 202-204; Schwab et al.: Case Rep Oncol 2016;9: 373-378; Tardy et al.: Hematol Oncol 2016, DOI: 10.1002/hon.2338]. We report a case of fatal autoimmune hemolytic anemia refractory to steroids in a patient treated with nivolumab for metastatic lung cancer, and reflect on the other reported cases of autoimmune hemolytic anemia after the use of nivolumab.

  1. Low-temperature Synthesis of Tin(II) Oxide From Tin(II) ketoacidoximate Precursor

    KAUST Repository

    Alshankiti, Buthainah


    Sn (II) oxide finds numerous applications in different fields such as thin film transistors1, solar cells2 and sensors.3 In this study we present the fabrication of tin monoxide SnO by using Sn (II) ketoacid oximate complexes as precursors. Tin (II) ketoacidoximates of the type [HON=CRCOO]2Sn where R= Me 1, R= CH2Ph 2, and [(MeON=CMeCOO)3Sn]- NH4 +.2H2O 3 were synthesized by in situ formation of the ketoacid oximate ligand. The crystal structures were determined via single crystal X- ray diffraction of the complexes 1-3 revealed square planar and square pyramidal coordination environments for the Sn atom. Intramolecular hydrogen bonding is observed in all the complexes. Furthermore, the complexes were characterized by Infrared (IR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and elemental analysis. From thermogravimetric analysis of 1-3, it was found that the complexes decomposed in the range of 160 – 165 oC. Analysis of the gases evolved during decomposition indicated complete loss of the oximato ligand in one step and the formation of SnO. Spin coating of 1 on silicon or glass substrate show uniform coating of SnO. Band gaps of SnO films were measured and found to be in the range of 3.0 – 3.3 eV by UV-Vis spectroscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated surface oxidation of the SnO film. Heating 1 above 140 oC in air gives SnO of size ranging from 10 – 500 nm and is spherical in shape. The SnO nanomaterial is characterized by powder X-ray diffraction(XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM).

  2. National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (United States)


    NASA was created from the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics in 1958. This is a photo of the members of the advisory board of NACA in 1938. NACA was the governmental organization charged with the supervision and conduct of scientific laboratory research in aeronautics. Its laboratories located at Langley Field, Virginia, provide new knowledge underlying the continuous improvement in the performance, efficiency, and safety of American aircraft. At this meeting Dr. Joesph S. Ames, President Emeritus of John Hopkins University, was re-elected Chairman, and Dr. Vannevar Bush, President- elect of the Carnegie Institution of Washington, was elected Vice Chairman. Dr. Ames' re-election as chairman was a recognition of his outstanding contributions to the science of aeronautics. He has been the leading scientific member of the Committee for over twenty-three years and chairman for eleven years. Under his visionary leadership the great laboratories of the N.A.C.A. at Langley Field have been developed. Left to Right: Hon. C. M. Hester, Administrator, Civil Aeronautics Authority Captain S. M. Kraus, U.S.N. Brig. General A. W. Robins, Chief, Materiel Division, Army Air Corps. Dr. L.J. Biggs, Director, National Bureau of Standards Dr. E.P. Warner Dr. Orville Wright Dr. Joesph S. Ames, Chairman Dr. C.J. Abbot, Secretary, Smithsonian Institution J.F. Victory, Secretary Rear Adm. A.B. Cook, U.S.N., Chief, Bureau Aeronautics Authority Dr. Vannevar Bush Dr. J.C. Hunsaker Dr. G.W. Lewis, Director of Aeronautical Research. Absent: Col. Charles A. Lindbergh and Maj. Gen. H. 'Hap' Arnold, Chief, Army Air Corps. One Vacany: U.S. Weather Bureau.

  3. PREFACE: International Conference on Inverse Problems 2010 (United States)

    Hon, Yiu-Chung; Ling, Leevan


    Following the first International Conference on Inverse Problems - Recent Theoretical Development and Numerical Approaches held at the City University of Hong Kong in 2002, the fifth International Conference was held again at the City University during December 13-17, 2010. This fifth conference was jointly organized by Professor Yiu-Chung Hon (Co-Chair, City University of Hong Kong, HKSAR), Dr Leevan Ling (Co-Chair, Hong Kong Baptist University, HKSAR), Professor Jin Cheng (Fudan University, China), Professor June-Yub Lee (Ewha Womans University, South Korea), Professor Gui-Rong Liu (University of Cincinnati, USA), Professor Jenn-Nan Wang (National Taiwan University, Taiwan), and Professor Masahiro Yamamoto (The University of Tokyo, Japan). It was agreed to alternate holding the conference among the above places (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong) once every two years. The next conference has been scheduled to be held at the Southeast University (Nanjing, China) in 2012. The purpose of this series of conferences is to establish a strong collaborative link among the universities of the Asian-Pacific regions and worldwide leading researchers in inverse problems. The conference addressed both theoretical (mathematics), applied (engineering) and developmental aspects of inverse problems. The conference was intended to nurture Asian-American-European collaborations in the evolving interdisciplinary areas and it was envisioned that the conference would lead to long-term commitments and collaborations among the participating countries and researchers. There was a total of more than 100 participants. A call for the submission of papers was sent out after the conference, and a total of 19 papers were finally accepted for publication in this proceedings. The papers included in the proceedings cover a wide scope, which reflects the current flourishing theoretical and numerical research into inverse problems. Finally, as the co-chairs of the Inverse Problems

  4. Symbolic computation of analytic approximate solutions for nonlinear fractional differential equations (United States)

    Lin, Yezhi; Liu, Yinping; Li, Zhibin


    é approximants technique, a new algorithm is proposed to construct analytic approximate solutions for nonlinear fractional differential equations. Restrictions: The problem [2] with some Robin boundary conditions can not be solved by this program. Running time: Seconds at most in routine uses of the program. Special tasks may take up to some minutes. References: [1] Rach, R., Kybernetes 37 (2008) 910. [2] Hon, YC., Southeast Asian Bulletin of Mathematics 3 (1996) 55.

  5. Local connectivity of Julia sets for a family of biquadratic polynomials

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing; Lü


    [1]Hubbard J H.Local connectivity of Julia sets and bifurcation loci:three theorems of J.C.Yoccoz.In:Goldberg and Phillips,eds.Topological Methods in Modern Mathematics.Houston:Publish or Perish,1993,467-511[2]Milnor J.Local Connectivity of Julia Sets:Expository Lectures.In:Ten Lei,ed.The Mandelbrot Set,Themes and Variations.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,2000,67-116[3]Branner B,Hubbard J H.The iteration of cubic polynomials Ⅰ:The global topology of parameter space.Acta Math,160:143-206 (1988)[4]Branner B,Hubbard J H.The iteration of cubic polynomials Ⅱ:Patterns and para-patterns.Acta Math,169:143-206 (1992)[5]Faught D.Local connectivity in a family of cubic polynomials.Thesis,New York:Cornell University,1992[6]Milnor J.Remarks on iterated cubic maps.Experimental Math,1:5-24 (1992)[7]Lü J,Qiu W.Connectivity of the Julia set of even quartic polynomials.Chinese J Contemp Math,24(4):197-204 (2003)[8]Ren F Y.Complex Analytic Dynamical Systems (in Chinese).Shanghai:Fudan University Press,1997[9]Milnor J.Dynamics in one complex variable:introductory lectures,2nd ed.Braunschweig:Vieweg,2000[10]Douady A,Hubbard J H.On the dynamics of polynomial-like mappings.Ann Sci Ec Norm Sup,18:287-343(1985)[11]Tan L,Yin Y C.Local connectivity of the Julia set for geometrically finite rational maps.Sci China Ser A-Math,39:39-47 (1996)[12]Kozlovski O,Shen W X,van Strien S.Rigidity for real polynomials.Ann Math,165:749-841 (2007)[13]Qiu W Y,Yin Y C.Proof of the Branner-Hubbard conjecture on Cantor Julia sets.Preprint 2006,arXiv:Math.DS/0608045[14]Kahn J,Lyubich M.The quasi-additivity law in conformal geometry.Ann Math,in press[15]Kozlovski O,van Strien S.Local connectivity and quasi-conformal rigidity of non-renormalizable polynomials.Preprint 2006,arXiv:Math.DS/0609710

  6. A Study on the Establishing of the State Compensation for Spiritual Damage%从漠视到尊重——人权语境中解读精神损害国家赔偿制度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    Spiritual damage in state compensation means citizens' spiritual rights have been violated by the state power therefore leading to citizens' spiritual pains and sufferings or loss of spiritual interests. Only citizens' personal human rights that have been violated can re- sult in spiritual compensation, including rights of human liberty, life, health, reputation, hon- ors, as well as rights related to names, portraits, and those of legal persons. Rights protection organism has provided people tools to pursue spiritual remedy, but the abstraction of spiritual damage may lead to disordered compensation. In order to solve this issue, we need to establish reasonable compensation systems by using dual principles on spiritual damages, introducing spiritual damage evaluation system, utilizing previous research and precedents, consulting other civil compensations and reasonably exerting the judge' s discretion.%国家赔偿法意义上的精神损害是因精神权利遭到公权力的侵犯而引起的精神痛苦或精神利益的丧失、减损。可能引起精神损害的只能是公民人身权被侵犯,主要包括公民的生命健康权、人身自由权、荣誉权、名誉权、肖像权、姓名权、法人人身权。权利保护机制给予了公民精神损害的请求权,但精神损害的无形性可能会导致赔偿的无序性,为解决这一问题,实践中必须掌握精神损害赔偿的二分法原则,通过引入精神损害评估机制,利用引证判例、参照民事赔偿、合理使用法官的自由心证等方法构建合理有序的赔偿制度。

  7. MSM 2010 Theme Monograph Psychopharmacology Today

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ajai R. Singh


    Full Text Available This theme monograph is called Psychopharmacology Today. It has some notable contributions on issues in psychopharmacology.MSM 2010 is dedicated to the fond memory of Dr V.N. Bagadia, who headed our Hon International Editorial Advisory Board. See Dedication, " Dr Bagadia, Sir, is no more"(p3.Thomas L. Schwartz, M.D. Associate Professor of Psychiatry, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, USA writes an editorial on, "Psychopharmacology today: where are we and where do we go from here?"(p6.Ajai R. Singh, MD. Editor, Mens Sana Monographs, writes the second editorial on, "Modern medicine: towards prevention, cure, well-being and longevity"(p17.Sannidhya Varma, Himanshu Sareen and J.K. Trivedi from CSM Medical University, Lucknow, India, write on, "The Geriatric Population and Psychiatric Medication"(p30.Amresh Shrivastava from The University of Western Ontario, Department of Psychiatry and Megan E. Johnston from University of Toronto, Department of Psychology, write on, "Weight Gain in Psychiatric Treatment: Risks, Implications, and Strategies for Prevention and Management"(p53.Avinash De Sousa, M.D. Consultant Psychiatrist& Psychotherapist, Mumbai, writes on, "The Pharmacotherapy of Alcohol Dependence: A State of the Art Review"(p69. Late B. M. Tripathi, M.D. Professor, Department of Psychiatry and National Drug Dependence and Treatment Center, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, and Pradipta Majumder, MBBS, Resident, Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, write on, "Lactating Mother and Psychotropic Drugs"(p83.K.S. Latha PhD. Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, KMC Hospital, Manipal University, writes on, "The Noncompliant Patient in Psychiatry: The Case For and Against Covert/Surreptitious Medication"(p96. Neha Khetrapal, [M.A. Cognitive Science], Centre of Excellence "Cognitive Interaction Technology" (CITEC And Faculty of Psychology& Sport Sciences, University of Bielefeld, Germany

  8. [Infant food diversification: Is the information available on the Internet valid?]. (United States)

    Banti, T; Carsin, A; Chabrol, B; Fabre, A


    The Internet provides easy access to information on health, but the quality and validity of this information are variable. To evaluate the quality of websites and the information provided on the timing and consequences of food diversification for infants. We analyzed the websites addressing infant food diversification that appeared on the first two pages of the search engines Google, Yahoo, and Bing. The websites were selected from four different queries. We initially assessed (a) the structure of the websites with two instruments (the Criteria for Assessing the Quality of Health Information on the Internet (HITI) and NetScoring) and (b) the presence of certification (quality label Health on the Net [HON] Code). Secondly, we evaluated the content of the websites concerning the time of introducing five classes of foods (gluten, fat, allergenic foods, solid foods, and animal protein), the duration of breastfeeding, and four potential consequences of food diversification (allergy, nutritional, autoimmune, and cardiovascular). Our repository was based on the most recent recommendations of the French Society of Pediatrics published in 2008. In all, 19 websites were included. Six of 19 websites scored above average on the two instruments (average: 131.26/312 with NetScoring and 46.73/104 with HITI). No correlation was observed between the referencing of websites analyzed and the notes obtained with both instruments. A majority of the websites analyzed were consistent with the recommendation favoring breast milk (100%), the age of introducing meat proteins (74%), and the age of introducing gluten (63%). A majority of the websites disagreed on the age of introducing solid foods (16%). As four consequences, only the risk of allergy (63%) was cited by a majority of the sites. There was a small nonsignificant correlation between the results obtained for the website about introducing solid foods and the results obtained for the websites analyzed with the NetScoring and HITI

  9. Bad news. Analysis of the quality of information on influenza prevention returned by Google in English and Italian.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali eMaki


    Full Text Available Information available to the public influences the approach of the population towards vaccination against influenza compared with other preventative approaches. In this study we have analyzed the first 200 websites returned by searching Google on two topics (prevention of influenza and influenza vaccine, in English and Italian. For all the four searches above, websites were classified according to their typology (government, commercial, professional, portals etc. and for their trustworthiness as defined by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA score which assesses whether they provide some basic elements of information quality (IQ: authorship, currency, disclosure and references. The type of information described was also assessed to add another dimension of IQ. Websites on influenza prevention were classified according to the type of preventative approach mentioned (vaccine, lifestyle, hygiene, complementary medicine etc., whether the approaches were in agreement with evidence based medicine (EBM or not. Websites on influenza vaccination were classified as pro- or anti-vaccine, or neutral. The great majority of websites described EBM approaches to influenza prevention and had a pro-vaccine orientation. Government websites mainly pointed at EBM preventative approaches and had a pro-vaccine orientation, while there was a higher proportion of commercial websites among those which promote non-EBM approaches. Although the JAMA score was lower in commercial websites, it did not correlate with the preventative approaches suggested or the orientation toward vaccines. For each of the four search engine result pages (SERP, only one website displayed the health-of-the-net (HON seal.In the SERP on vaccines, journalistic websites were the most abundant category and ranked higher than average in both languages. Analysis using natural language processing showed that journalistic websites were mostly reporting news about two specific topics

  10. The Impact of Development and Application of Transgenic Technology on Beekeeping%转基因技术的发展与应用对养蜂业的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑火青; 曹联飞; 胡福良


    经过几十年的发展,转基因作物已逐步从实验室研究阶段走向大面积的生产应用,转基因作物及其产品的安全性则一直是人们争论的焦点。转基因技术的发展与应用与养蜂业密切相关。虽然转基因蜜蜂的生产应用为时尚早,但转基因作物的大量种植,给蜜蜂的安全带来了隐患,也使得蜂产品中可能掺入转基因成分。及时评估转基因植物对蜜蜂的影响不仅有助于保护养蜂业,也有助于减轻甚至避免由转基因植物带来的生态风险。欧盟和E1本对转基因作物及其产品的谨慎态度,使得转基因食品的安全性成为一个新的贸易壁垒。我国养蜂业应尽早应对,研究完善涉及转基因植物的蜂产品生产制度及建立相应的检测标准。%Transgenic crops have been widely used in a- gricultural production in the past decade. Howeve~ biosafety of transgenic crops and products has been always the focus of debates. Beekeeping is closely related to the development and application of transgenic technology. Al- though it' s still too early for the use of transgenic hon- eybee, the widely cultivated transgenic crops may bring hidden trouble to honeybee and the bee products may also be contaminated by transgenic ingredients. Safety assess- ment of transgenic plants on honeybee is not only neces- saryto protect beekeeping, but also helpful to decrease or even avoid the ecological risk of transgenic plants. Biosafety of transgenic food has been a new trade barrier because of the prudent attitude of EU and Japan. We should strengthen research to improve the production system of bee products involving transgenic plants and establish cor- responding detection system.

  11. Global atmospheric dispersion modelling after the Fukushima accident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suh, K.S.; Youm, M.K.; Lee, B.G.; Min, B.I. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (Korea, Republic of); Raul, P. [Universidad de Sevilla (Spain)


    A large amount of radioactive material was released to the atmosphere due to the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011. The radioactive materials released into the atmosphere were mostly transported to the Pacific Ocean, but some of them were fallen on the surface due to dry and wet depositions in the northwest area from the Fukushima nuclear site. Therefore, northwest part of the nuclear site was seriously contaminated and it was designated with the restricted zone within a radius of 20 ∼ 30 km around the Fukushima nuclear site. In the early phase of the accident from 11 March to 30 March, the radioactive materials were dispersed to an area of the inland and offshore of the nuclear site by the variations of the wind. After the Fukushima accident, the radionuclides were detected through the air monitoring in the many places over the world. The radioactive plume was transported to the east part off the site by the westerly jet stream. It had detected in the North America during March 17-21, in European countries during March 23-24, and in Asia during from March 24 to April 6, 2011. The radioactive materials were overall detected across the northern hemisphere passed by 15 ∼ 20 days after the accident. Three dimensional numerical model was applied to evaluate the dispersion characteristics of the radionuclides released into the air. Simulated results were compared with measurements in many places over the world. Comparative results had good agreements in some places, but they had a little differences in some locations. The difference between the calculations and measurements are due to the meteorological data and relatively coarse resolutions in the model. Some radioactive materials were measured in Philippines, Taiwan, Hon Kong and South Korea during from March 23-28. It inferred that it was directly transported from the Fukushima by the northeastern monsoon winds. This event was well represented in the numerical model. Generally, the simulations had a good

  12. 高校“廉洁修身”教育进思想政治理论课堂的探索%Ideological and Political Theory Courses in Universities and Colleges The Exploration of Honesty and Self-cultivation Education into

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何小梅; 廖志浩


      The honesty and self-cultivation education to current university& college students is important content of strengthening and improving ideological and political education of university students, and inevitable requirement of constructing harmonious campus. Educating the college students' honesty and self-cultivation can’t ignore im-portant position and role of ideological and political theory courses. This article begins with the importance of hon-esty and self-cultivation into ideological and political theory courses in university & college, analyzes the current situation and reason, tries to find out the effective way of the mutual infiltration ,in order to truly make honesty and self-cultivation into the college students in-depth, train high quality university & college students, and promote university & college to harmoniously orderly develop.%  对当代大学生进行“廉洁修身”教育是进一步加强和改进大学生思想政治教育的重要内容,是构建和谐校园的必然要求。对大学生进行“廉洁修身”教育,不能忽视思想政治理论课的重要地位与作用。本文从高校“廉洁修身”教育进思想政治理论课堂的重要性出发,分析大学生“廉洁修身”教育的现状及原因,寻求“廉洁修身”教育进思想政治理论课堂的有效途径,以期真正将“廉洁修身”深入大学生身心,培养高素质的当代大学生,进而推进高等院校和谐、有序地发展。

  13. Critical Imperative for the Reform of British Interpretation of Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations: Analysis of FIGO and NICE Guidelines, Post-Truth Foundations, Cognitive Fallacies, Myths and Occam's Razor. (United States)

    Sholapurkar, Shashikant L


    false premise to begin with. This is not surprising considering that the commonest pathophysiology of intrapartum hypoxemia is contraction-induced reduction in uteroplacental perfusion (sometimes already compromised) and not cord compression at all. This distorted categorization causes confusion, false-alarm fatigue and difficulty in focusing on real pathological decelerations making CTG interpretation dysfunctional ultimately compromising patient safety. Obstetricians/midwives should demand reverting to the previous more scientific British categorization of decelerations based solely on time relationship to contractions as advocated by the pioneers like Hon and Caldeyro-Barcia, rather than accepting the current "post-truth" scenario.

  14. Critical Imperative for the Reform of British Interpretation of Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations: Analysis of FIGO and NICE Guidelines, Post-Truth Foundations, Cognitive Fallacies, Myths and Occam’s Razor (United States)

    Sholapurkar, Shashikant L.


    unresolved suggesting a false premise to begin with. This is not surprising considering that the commonest pathophysiology of intrapartum hypoxemia is contraction-induced reduction in uteroplacental perfusion (sometimes already compromised) and not cord compression at all. This distorted categorization causes confusion, false-alarm fatigue and difficulty in focusing on real pathological decelerations making CTG interpretation dysfunctional ultimately compromising patient safety. Obstetricians/midwives should demand reverting to the previous more scientific British categorization of decelerations based solely on time relationship to contractions as advocated by the pioneers like Hon and Caldeyro-Barcia, rather than accepting the current “post-truth” scenario. PMID:28270884

  15. Injured workers’ perception of loss and gain in the return to work process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai HS


    Full Text Available Hon Sun Lai,1,2 Grace PY Szeto,1 Chetwyn CH Chan3 1Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2Total Rehabilitation Management (Hong Kong Limited, 3Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Abstract: When a worker is injured at work, he has to face a tough decision-making process about when and how to return to work (RTW. This study tests how the prospect theory can be applied to influence the injured workers’ perceptions about this important choice. One hundred forty-one injured workers were presented with wage- and pain-related information in four different message framing (negatively or positively and precision (smaller or larger number conditions. After exposure to the specific combination of this wage and pain information, the participants were asked to express intentions to RTW in terms of perceived chance, confidence, and anticipated sick leave duration. When asked to predict their RTW outcome, 101 participants (72.3% responded favorably, whereas only 40 (27.7% indicated an expectation for staying on sick leave. The present results did not show significant differences in the participants’ responses to the positively and negatively framed information about wage and pain. However, it was noted that the control group that was presented with positive framing for both “wage” and “pain” information showed higher scores in expectation and confidence for RTW, whereas the Ambivalent Group that had both negative messages showed lower scores. Seventy-nine participants who had ≥60% perceived improvement in condition were selected for further analysis, and those who were presented with “wage loss” information rated significantly higher perceived chance of RTW than those in the “pain gain” group. More in-depth investigation is warranted on this topic, with a larger sample of injured workers to investigate the

  16. Inhibition of Listeria monocytogenes growth by using combined bacteriocin-producing strains in raw beef%产抗菌素乳酸菌的组合应用对牛肉中李斯特菌污染的抑制作用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张佩华; 谷贵章; 张进杰; 陈健初


    The synergy inhibition of two lactic acid bacteria strains, Lactobacillus curvatus and Pediococcus acidilactici H,on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes in frozen beef was investigated. A Lactobacillus curvatus strain( producing the bacteriocin sakacin P)and a Pediococcus acidilactici H (producing bacteriocin pediocin AcH)were inoculated alone or together in a Listeria-seeded raw pork meat which was stored at 4℃ for 6 weeks.The growth of Listeria monocytogenes was controlled by adding either LAB strain alone,yet the rebound appeared after one-week storage. However,the time of inhibition was prolonged by adding combined these two LAB strains to 6 weeks, after when the Listeria monocytogenes had a rebound with the cfu count lower than 10cfu · g-1.Therefore, using the combined these two LAB strains can effectively delay the rebound of Listeria monocytogenes in the beef.%研究了弯曲乳酸杆菌和乳酸片球菌对低温冷藏牛肉中李斯特菌的混合协同抑制作用.李斯特菌、弯曲乳酸杆菌(产细菌素sakacin P)和乳酸片球菌(产生片球菌素AcH),单独或混合接种于冷鲜牛肉中,4℃下储藏6周.单一接种弯曲乳酸杆菌或乳酸片球菌均能对李斯特菌起到抑制作用,但一周后均出现李斯特菌再次污染现象;然而混合接种弯曲乳酸杆菌和乳酸片球菌能将对李斯特菌的抑制期延长至第六周,之后才出现反弹现象,且李斯特菌数低于10cfu·g-1.因此,应用组合产细菌素菌株能有效延长对李斯特菌的抑制作用.

  17. Selenium speciation and extractability in Dutch agricultural soils. (United States)

    Supriatin, Supriatin; Weng, Liping; Comans, Rob N J


    The study aimed to understand selenium (Se) speciation and extractability in Dutch agricultural soils. Top soil samples were taken from 42 grassland fields and 41 arable land fields in the Netherlands. Total Se contents measured in aqua regia were between 0.12 and 1.97 mg kg(-1) (on average 0.58 mg kg(-1)). Organic Se after NaOCl oxidation-extraction accounted for on average 82% of total Se, whereas inorganic selenite (selenate was not measurable) measured in ammonium oxalate extraction using HPLC-ICP-MS accounted for on average 5% of total Se. The predominance of organic Se in the soils is supported by the positive correlations between total Se (aqua regia) and total soil organic matter content, and Se and organic C content in all the other extractions performed in this study. The amount of Se extracted followed the order of aqua regia > 1 M NaOCl (pH8) > 0.1 M NaOH>ammonium oxalate (pH3) > hot water>0.43 M HNO3 > 0.01 M CaCl2. None of these extractions selectively extracts only inorganic Se, and relative to other extractions 0.43 M HNO3 extraction contains the lowest fraction of organic Se, followed by ammonium oxalate extraction. In the 0.1M NaOH extraction, the hydrophobic neutral (HON) fraction of soil organic matter is richer in Se than in the hydrophilic (Hy) and humic acid (HA) fractions. The organic matter extracted in 0.01 M CaCl2 and hot water is in general richer in Se compared to the organic matter extracted in 0.1M NaOH, and other extractions (HNO3, ammonium oxalate, NaOCl, and aqua regia). Although the extractability of Se follows to a large extent the extractability of soil organic carbon, there is several time variations in the Se to organic C ratios, reflecting the changes in composition of organic matter extracted. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  18. Chiropractors & Osteopaths Musculo-Skeletal Interest Group (COMSIG) (United States)

    Walker, Bruce F.


    The Chiropractors & Osteopaths Musculo-Skeletal Interest Group evolved from regular clinical meetings at Ringwood Clinic, a multi-disciplinary clinic in Melbourne In 1987 the Directors of the clinic Bruce F. Walker D.C. and Alison Hogg MB.BS. (Hons), FRACGP. Decided to invite a range of guest speakers (on musculo-skeletal topics) to give an address every 6 weeks Local practitioners of all persuasions were invited to attend these meetings. Although all groups were represented, by far the greatest interest shown by the chiropractors and osteopaths In 1989 Peter D. Werth B.App.Sc.(Chiro) joined the team and together with the writer formulated a plan to broaden the list of invited guests to all registered chiropractors and osteopaths in Melbourne Naturally, this required a larger venue and organisation. After several successful meetings attracting groups of 60 to 70 practitioners we formalised the COMSIG organisation and gained the invaluable assistance of David de l Harpe B.Sc., B.App.Sc.(Chiro), MB.,BS., Shane Carter B.App.Sc.(Chiro) and Simon Clement D.O. on our committee. More recently Shane Carter left for overseas and was ably replaced by Miriam Bourke B.App.Sc.(Chiro) This year COMSIG incorporated under the name of the long established Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia So, what is COMSIG and what are it’s objectives? COMSIG is a special interest group of the Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia. More specifically, it is an affiliation of Chiropractors and Osteopaths with interests pertaining to the musculo-skeletal system The objectives for which COMSIG was established are: to promote knowledge of disorders of the musculo-skeletal provide a forum for the interchange of ideas related to such educate chiropractors, osteopaths and other health professionals about the diagnosis and management of such encourage the diagnosis and management of musculo-skeletal disorders in a scientific and ethical

  19. Bad News: Analysis of the Quality of Information on Influenza Prevention Returned by Google in English and Italian. (United States)

    Maki, Ali; Evans, Roger; Ghezzi, Pietro


    Information available to the public influences the approach of the population toward vaccination against influenza compared with other preventative approaches. In this study, we have analyzed the first 200 websites returned by searching Google on two topics (prevention of influenza and influenza vaccine), in English and Italian. For all the four searches above, websites were classified according to their typology (government, commercial, professional, portals, etc.) and for their trustworthiness as defined by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) score, which assesses whether they provide some basic elements of information quality (IQ): authorship, currency, disclosure, and references. The type of information described was also assessed to add another dimension of IQ. Websites on influenza prevention were classified according to the type of preventative approach mentioned (vaccine, lifestyle, hygiene, complementary medicine, etc.), whether the approaches were in agreement with evidence-based medicine (EBM) or not. Websites on influenza vaccination were classified as pro- or anti-vaccine, or neutral. The great majority of websites described EBM approaches to influenza prevention and had a pro-vaccine orientation. Government websites mainly pointed at EBM preventative approaches and had a pro-vaccine orientation, while there was a higher proportion of commercial websites among those which promote non-EBM approaches. Although the JAMA score was lower in commercial websites, it did not correlate with the preventative approaches suggested or the orientation toward vaccines. For each of the four search engine result pages (SERP), only one website displayed the health-of-the-net (HON) seal. In the SERP on vaccines, journalistic websites were the most abundant category and ranked higher than average in both languages. Analysis using natural language processing showed that journalistic websites were mostly reporting news about two specific topics (different

  20. Na Bahia Setecentista, um pioneiro do abolicionismo? In eighteenth-century Bahia, a pioneer of abolitionism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OFM Fr. Hugo Fragoso


    Full Text Available No ano de 1992, foi republicado por Paulo Suess Etíope Resgatado, de autoria do Pe. Manuel Ribeiro Rocha. Tratava-se de obra raríssima, pois, quanto consta, só havia em todo o Brasil um único exemplar, na Biblioteca Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. Já vinha eu fazendo pesquisas em torno do Pe. Ribeiro Rocha, a quem costumava qualificar de "pioneiro do abolicionismo" no Brasil. Com a reedição de Etíope Resgatado, tomei conhecimento da leitura de Paulo Suess, numa direção quase totalmente contrária. Para este, Ribeiro Rocha não passaria de um simples "reformista", que nada acrescentara de ideia libertária ao problema da escravidão negra. Aliás, essa tinha sido a tese de Ronaldo Vainfas e José Honório Rodrigues, que veem na obra de Ribeiro Rocha mais um exemplar do "pensamento escravista", que apenas condenava, como o faziam todos os homens de Igreja, os excessos e barbaridades da escravidão negra. Todo este nosso trabalho se orienta, portanto, na direção de uma leitura "abolicionista" do Etíope Resgatado, embora admita as evidências claras de "concessões" feitas por Ribeiro Rocha à situação escravocrata de seu tempo.In 1992, there was republished by Paulo Suess "Etíope resgatado", written by Father Manuel Ribeiro Rocha. It was very rare work, because, as stated, there was a single copy in the National Library of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. I had, at this point, already started a research about the Father Ribeiro Rocha, whom used to be described as "a pioneer of abolitionism" in Brazil. With the reissue of "Etíope resgatado", I took notice about Paulo Suess lecture, in an almost completely opposite direction. According to Suess, Ribeiro Rocha was nothing more than a simple "reformer" who had added nothing to the problem of libertarian idea of black slavery. Incidentally, this was the thesis Vainfas Ronaldo and Jose Honorio Rodrigues argued, who saw the work of Ribeiro Rocha another copy of "slavery thought" which only condemned

  1. The Research of Contemporary College Students'Honesty Value Education%当代大学生诚信价值观教育研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    〔Abstract〕 Along with the rapid development of market economy as well as a variety of the spread of western social ideological trend, it brings great impact on the values of contemporary college students' hon-esty. It is an important task of universities to cultivate college students' values of honesty and faith. But there are some problems existing in college students'education on integrity. Some colleges do not pay great attention to students' honesty value education, education methods are single, education evaluation system is imperfect, and consciousness of the students' self-education become dim, and so on. As the main position of moral education, universities should strengthen students' integrity value idea from several aspects: good faith theory education, practice education, self-education and innovate carrier in order to realize the integri-ty values education modernization.%市场经济的快速发展以及各种西方社会思潮的传播,给当代大学生的诚信价值观念带来巨大冲击,培养大学生的诚信价值观是高校面临的重要课题,但是大学生诚信价值观教育方面还存在着一些问题,如高校对诚信价值观教育的不重视,教育方法单一,教育评价体系不完善,学生的自我教育意识淡薄等。高校作为德育的主阵地,应当从这几个方面来加强大学生诚信价值观念的培育:诚信理念教育、实践教育、自我教育以及创新载体以实现诚信价值观教育现代化。


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张汉波; 程立忠; 沙涛; 丁骅孙; 赵之伟


    The effect of pH on the extracellularpolysaccharide synthesis by Aureobasidium pullulans was studied by addding CaCO3and HCI. Cultivated in P2 liquid medium for 24h,pH dropped to 3. 6 because of strongly producing acid. Under this low pH environment, further fermentation for 120h,only 5. 9g/L of polysacharide was obtained. When grown in MP2 medium contaning0. 5 % CaCOs,the pH was kept above 5.0 during 144 hours,production of polysaccharide increased to 31g/L. The detailed information of effects of controlled pH on polysaccharide production showed an optimal pH value 5. 0 must be maintained through the fermentative period.%采用添加CaCO3和HCl的方法研究了pH对出芽短梗霉多糖发酵的影响规律。在P2培养基中发酵24h,该菌有一个强烈的产酸期,导致pH迅速下降到3.6左右。在此pH环境下继续发酵120h,多糖产量仅为5.9g/L。如果用MP2培养基(P2+0.5%CaCO3)发酵,由于CaCO3缓冲了发酵pH的下降,在整个发酵过程中pH值可以维持在5.0以上,多糖产量达到31g/L。该菌的多糖合成不仅与发酵初始pH有关,关键还在于整个发酵过程中发酵pH值必须维持在5.0以上。

  3. Analysis on Quality Characteristics and Treatment Processes of Cellulosic Ethanol Wastewater%纤维素乙醇废水的水质特性及处理工艺分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾; 郭宏山; 马荣华; 马和旭; 马宁


    Quality characteristics of cellulosic ethanol wastewater were analyzed by conventional means, XAD resin separation and microwave digestion/ICP-MS. The results show that the cellulosic ethanol wastewater has high COD concentration, color and inorganic salt content, and it contains almost no heavy metals and lacks N, P nutrients as well as Co, Ni and other trace metals. Generally speaking, hydrophilic organic matter (HiA,HiN and HiB) and acidic organic matter play a dominant role in the cellulosic ethanol wastewater,comprising 72% and 64% of the total DOC concentration. Most of hydrophobic organic matter (HoA, HoN and HoB) are long-chain organic compounds, whose aromatization degree is low. For the quality characteristics of cellulosic ethanol wastewater, a treatment process combining IC - UASB - MBBR - ozone oxidation - BAF with biogas desulfurization was put forward.%采用常规水质分析方法、XAD树脂分离方法和微波消解/电感耦合等离子体质谱(ICP-MS)法对纤维素乙醇废水进行水质特性分析。结果表明,纤维素乙醇废水具有极高的 COD 浓度、色度和无机盐含量,缺少N、P等营养元素以及Co、Ni等微量金属元素,基本没有重金属元素。总体上说,纤维素乙醇废水以亲水性有机物(HiA、HiN和HiB)和酸性有机物(HiA和AHS)为主,其DOC百分比分别为72%和64%,疏水性有机物(HoA、HoN 和 HoB)的含量较少,多为长链有机物,其芳构化的程度较低。针对纤维素乙醇废水的水质特性,本文提出采用IC——UASB——MBBR——臭氧氧化——BAF以及沼气脱硫处理组合工艺流程。

  4. Bad News: Analysis of the Quality of Information on Influenza Prevention Returned by Google in English and Italian (United States)

    Maki, Ali; Evans, Roger; Ghezzi, Pietro


    Information available to the public influences the approach of the population toward vaccination against influenza compared with other preventative approaches. In this study, we have analyzed the first 200 websites returned by searching Google on two topics (prevention of influenza and influenza vaccine), in English and Italian. For all the four searches above, websites were classified according to their typology (government, commercial, professional, portals, etc.) and for their trustworthiness as defined by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) score, which assesses whether they provide some basic elements of information quality (IQ): authorship, currency, disclosure, and references. The type of information described was also assessed to add another dimension of IQ. Websites on influenza prevention were classified according to the type of preventative approach mentioned (vaccine, lifestyle, hygiene, complementary medicine, etc.), whether the approaches were in agreement with evidence-based medicine (EBM) or not. Websites on influenza vaccination were classified as pro- or anti-vaccine, or neutral. The great majority of websites described EBM approaches to influenza prevention and had a pro-vaccine orientation. Government websites mainly pointed at EBM preventative approaches and had a pro-vaccine orientation, while there was a higher proportion of commercial websites among those which promote non-EBM approaches. Although the JAMA score was lower in commercial websites, it did not correlate with the preventative approaches suggested or the orientation toward vaccines. For each of the four search engine result pages (SERP), only one website displayed the health-of-the-net (HON) seal. In the SERP on vaccines, journalistic websites were the most abundant category and ranked higher than average in both languages. Analysis using natural language processing showed that journalistic websites were mostly reporting news about two specific topics (different

  5. 四种交叉V型吸热板-底板太阳能空气集热器热性能的数值模拟对比分析%Numerical Simulation Study on Thermal Performance of Four Cross-V-Groove Solar Air Collectors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈怀; 高文峰; 刘滔; 林文贤; 刘雪平


    作为最常用的一类平板型空气集热器,V型波纹吸热板空气集热器近年来被广泛应用和研究.采用相同几何尺寸(长2 m,宽1 m)的波形板,构成四种不同流道的交叉 V型吸热板-底板太阳能空气集热器,应用太阳载荷模型,利用 FLUENT 软件,对集热器在倾角为30°,入口空气流量为60 m3/h的工况进行了三维数值模拟,得到集热器不同位置的温度场、吸热板中心宽度0.5 m 处的平均努赛尔数和瞬时效率,并对其进行了对比分析,得出空气集热器的 V型吸热板横向放置、底板纵向放置结构的瞬时效率最高.%As one of the most commonly used flat plate air collectors,V-groove solar air collec-tor has been widely applied and studied in recent years.Based on solar load model,this paper used FLUENT to conduct three-dimensional numerical simulation on thermal performance of V-groove solar air collectors,whose length is 2 meters and 1 meter's width,V-groove plate has the same geometry size,with four types' flow channel at 30° tilt angle and the same air flow rate 60 m3/h.On the basis of the research,several results have been achieved:the temperature field of different section of absorbing plate,Nusselt number in the center of 0.5 m width absorbing plate section alone the length direction and instantaneous efficiency. Moreover,the analyses on the results showed that the instantaneous efficiency of structure is highest when V-groove ab-sorbing plate of air collector was horizontally placed and bottom plate longitudinal placed.The research provided innovative thoughts & reference and theoretical foundation for the design of solar air collector and engineering application.

  6. Time correlation by palaeomagnetism of the 1631 eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Volcanological and volcanic hazard implications (United States)

    Carracedo, J. C.; Principe, C.; Rosi, M.; Soler, V.


    The 1631 eruption of Mount Vesuvius was the most destructive episode in the recent volcanic history of Vesuvius and the last in which large pyroclastic flows were emitted. The controversy about whether lava flows were also generated in this eruption, as sustained in the mapping by Le Hon (1866) and by the interpretation by some authors (Burri et al., 1975; Rolandi et al., 1991) of eyewitness accounts, is important not only for a better understanding of the eruption but also for the implications in the prediction of volcanic hazards of this volcano, set in an overpopulated area with more than 3 million people potentially at risk. Short-period palaeomagnetic techniques (secular variation curve) have been applied to correlate lava flows interpreted as produced in the event of 1631 with the pyroclastic flow of this same eruption and other lava flows unquestionably emitted prior to this eruptive event. The model that best fits the results obtained suggests that the presumed 1631 lava flows were not the result of a single eruptive event but were, in fact, produced by several different eruptions. These lava flows also have a better palaeomagnetic correlation with the medieval lava flows than with the pyroclastic flow of 1631, whose juvenile pumice clasts have a well-defined single component magnetization that fits in the expected corresponding position of the secular variation curve for that age. The palaeomagnetic characteristics of the 1631 pyroclastic flow are compatible with a "hot" depositional temperature (apparently above the Curie point of magnetite, 585 °C) for the juvenile pumice fragments (magmatic fraction) and a "cold" deposition for the non-magmatic fraction. This suggests the lack of thermal equilibration during transport of the larger clasts, probably due to the short distance travelled by the pyroclastic flows. The main volcanological and volcanic hazard issues of this work are that the 1631 event was entirely explosive and that pyroclastic flow activity

  7. Cathelicidin suppresses colon cancer development by inhibition of cancer associated fibroblasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng M


    Full Text Available Michelle Cheng,1,* Samantha Ho,1,* Jun Hwan Yoo,1,2,* Deanna Hoang-Yen Tran,1,* Kyriaki Bakirtzi,1 Bowei Su,1 Diana Hoang-Ngoc Tran,1 Yuzu Kubota,1 Ryan Ichikawa,1 Hon Wai Koon1 1Center for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases, Division of Digestive Diseases, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA; 2Digestive Disease Center, CHA University Bundang Medical Center, Seongnam, Republic of Korea *These authors share co-first authorship Background: Cathelicidin (LL-37 in humans and mCRAMP in mice represents a family of endogenous antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory peptides. Cancer-associated fibroblasts can promote the proliferation of colon cancer cells and growth of colon cancer tumors. Methods: We examined the role of cathelicidin in the development of colon cancer, using subcutaneous human HT-29 colon-cancer-cell-derived tumor model in nude mice and azoxymethane- and dextran sulfate-mediated colon cancer model in C57BL/6 mice. We also determined the indirect antitumoral mechanism of cathelicidin via the inhibition of epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT of colon cancer cells and fibroblast-supported colon cancer cell proliferation. Results: Intravenous administration of cathelicidin expressing adeno-associated virus significantly reduced the size of tumors, tumor-derived collagen expression, and tumor-derived fibroblast expression in HT-29-derived subcutaneous tumors in nude mice. Enema administration of the mouse cathelicidin peptide significantly reduced the size and number of colonic tumors in azoxymethane- and dextran sulfate-treated mice without inducing apoptosis in tumors and the adjacent normal colonic tissues. Cathelicidin inhibited the collagen expression and vimentin-positive fibroblast expression in colonic tumors. Cathelicidin did not directly affect HT-29 cell viability, but did significantly reduce tumor growth factor-ß1-induced EMT of colon cancer cells. Media conditioned by the

  8. CL20-TNT共晶高温热解的ReaxFF/lg反应力场分子动力学模拟%Pyrolysis of CL20-TNT cocrystal from ReaxFF/lg reactive molecular dynamics simulations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海; 李启楷; 何远航


    ReaxFF/lg势函数是在ReaxFF的基础上增加了对范德华引力的描述,因此可以更好地用于描述晶体密度和结构,而含能材料密度很大程度上影响着爆轰的宏观性质(如爆速、反应区宽度、能量输出结构等).本文采用ReaxFF/lg反应力场分析了高温条件下凝聚相CL20-TNT共晶的初始分解情况,并通过简单的指数函数拟合势能演化曲线获得了平衡和诱导期以及整体反应时间,随后通过反应速率方程得到了共晶热解的活化能Ea (185.052 kJ/mol). CL20-TNT共晶热解过程中CL20分子均在TNT之前分解完毕,并且随着温度的升高, TNT的分解速率明显加快,温度越高二者完全分解所需的时间越接近.有限时间步长下的产物识别分析显示主要产物为NO2, NO, CO2, N2, H2O, HON, HNO3. NO2是C−NO2和N−NO2键均裂共同贡献的结果,其产量快速地增加,达到峰值后开始减少,此过程伴随着NO2参与其他反应使得NO2中的N原子进入到其他的含N分子中.次要产物主要为CO, N2O, N2O5, CHO. N2O具有很强的氧化能力,使其分布有着剧烈的波动特征.%ReaxFF/lg reactive force field is the extention of ReaxFF by adding a van der Waals attraction term. It can be used to well describe density and structure of crystal, moreover, the macroscopic property of detonation is significantly influenced by the density of energetic material. We report on the initial thermal decomposition of condensed phase CL20-TNT cocrystal under high temperature here. The time evolution curve of the potential energy can be described reasonably well by a single exponential function from which we obtain the initial equilibration and induction time, overall characteristic time of pyrolysis. Afterward, we also obtain the activation energy Ea (185.052 kJ/mol) from these simulations. All the CL20 molecules are completed before TNT decomposition in our simulations. And as the temperature rises, the TNT decomposition rate is

  9. CT and MRI findings of the chordoma in the mobile spine%脊柱活动节段脊索瘤的 CT、MRI 征象分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞超楠; 刘晓光; 袁慧书


    Objective To study the CT and MRI features of the chordoma in the mobile spine.Methods The CT and MRI fea-tures were retrospectively analyzed in twenty-four cases of chordoma in the mobile spine.Results In all the twenty-four cases,bone lesions were solitary in eight cases and multiple in sixteen cases,mostly occurred in cervical,occasionally occurred in thoracic or lum-bar vertebra.Both vertebral body and part appendix were involved in all cases.CT imaging showed that all the lesions mainly mani-fested as osteolytic bone destruction,peripheral osteosclerosis and the cortical bone were incomplete.Soft-tissue mass involved para-vertebral and intraspinal.Five lesions appeared vertebrae compression.Eight lesions appeared intervertebral foramen expansion.Le-sions appeared honeycomb or annular enhancement after contrast media injection.Lesions were presented as heterogeneous slightly hypo-isointensity on T1 WI,hyperintensity on T2 WI.Low signal fibrous septa within the tumors were seen.Lesions appeared hon-eycomb enhancement after Gd-DTPA injection.Conclusion CT and MRI findings of chordoma in the mobile spine can be regarded as characteristic,which are helpful for clinical diagnosis.%目的:探讨脊柱活动节段脊索瘤的 CT 和 MRI 表现。方法回顾分析24例经病理证实的脊柱活动节段脊索瘤的 CT、MRI 表现。结果24例病例中单发病变8例,多发病变16例,病变多发生在颈椎,也可发生在胸椎或腰椎;全部病例均同时累及椎体及部分附件结构。CT 显示全部病例均表现为不同程度的溶骨性骨质破坏,周围可见骨质硬化,骨皮质不完整,可见软组织肿块侵犯椎管内外;5例可见病变椎体压缩,8例可见椎间孔扩大;增强扫描病变呈蜂窝状或环形强化。MR 显示病变表现为不均匀等或稍长 T1长 T2信号,病灶内可见低信号间隔;增强扫描病变呈蜂窝状强化。结论脊柱活动节段脊索瘤的 CT、MRI 表现具有一定特征性,是临床诊断的重要依据。

  10. A p53-regulated apoptotic gene signature predicts treatment response and outcome in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bainer RO


    Full Text Available Russell O Bainer,1 Matthew R Trendowski,2 Cheng Cheng,3 Deqing Pei,3 Wenjian Yang,3 Steven W Paugh,4 Kathleen H Goss,5 Andrew D Skol,6 Paul Pavlidis,7 Ching-Hon Pui,4,8 T Conrad Gilliam,1 William E Evans,4,9,* Kenan Onel10–13,* 1Department of Human Genetics, 2Department of Medicine, Section of Hematology/Oncology, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, 3Department of Biostatistics, 4Hematological Malignancy Program, St Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 5University of Chicago Medicine Comprehensive Cancer Center, 6Department of Pediatrics, The University of Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA; 7Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 8Department of Oncology, 9Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, St Jude Children’s Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, 10Division of Human Genetics and Genomics, 11Division of Hematology/Oncology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Cohen Children’s Medical Center, New Hyde Park, 12The Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY, 13Hofstra Northwell School of Medicine, Hofstra University, Hempstead, NY, USA *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Gene signatures have been associated with outcome in pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL and other malignancies. However, determining the molecular drivers of these expression changes remains challenging. In ALL blasts, the p53 tumor suppressor is the primary regulator of the apoptotic response to genotoxic chemotherapy, which is predictive of outcome. Consequently, we hypothesized that the normal p53-regulated apoptotic response to DNA damage would be altered in ALL and that this alteration would influence drug response and treatment outcome. To test this, we first used global expression profiling in related human B-lineage lymphoblastoid cell lines with either wild type or mutant TP53 to characterize the normal p53-mediated transcriptional response to ionizing radiation (IR and identified

  11. Clinical analysis of laparoscopic suture in the treatment of 40 cases of acute perforation of peptic ulcer%腹腔镜修补术治疗消化性溃疡急性穿孔40例临床分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩晓鹏; 柳万忠; 刘宏斌


    目的 探讨腹腔镜胃十二指肠溃疡修补术在消化性溃疡急性穿孔患者的临床应用价值.方法 回顾分析我科2010年3月-2011年5月使用腹腔镜行胃十二指肠溃疡修补手术治疗40例消化性溃疡穿孔患者的临床资料.结果 40例患者病理结果均为良性溃疡,手术时间为28 ~ 80 min,平均(40.1±17.8)min;术后下床活动时间为14~24 h,平均(16.8±4.7)h;去除胃肠减压时间为14 ~48 h,平均(19.7±3.5)h;术后镇痛药的使用率为12.5%(5/40);住院时间为4~7d,平均(5.1±1.4)d;术后均辅以内科抗溃疡药物治疗4~6周,随访6月,无溃疡复发.结论 应用腹腔镜胃十二指肠溃疡修补术治疗消化性溃疡穿孔具有安全可靠、疗效好、并发症少、恢复快等优点.%Objective To explore the clinical value of laparoscopic gastric ulcer suture in patients with acute perforation of peptic ulcer. Methods Clinical data of 40 patients with acute perforation of peptic ulcer underwent laparoscopic gastric ulcer suture in our department from March 2010 to May 2011 were retrospectively analyzed. Results Pathologic findings in 40 patients are benign ulcer, operation time is 28 -80 minutes, average operation time is (40 ?17.8) min; postoperative ambulation time is 14 -24h, (16.8?.7)hon average; removal of gastrointestinal decompression time is 14 -48h, (19.7 ?.5)h on average; the rate of postoperative analgesic use is 12.5% (5/40) ; hospitalization time is 4 -7d, (5. 1 ?1. 4)d on average; anti-ulcer drug for the treatment of 4 ~6 week, follow-up for 6 months, no ulcer recurrence. Conclusion Laparoscopic gastric ulcer suture has the features of safety, reliability, good curative effect, less complications and quick recovery.

  12. Managing plutonium in Britain. Current options[Mixed oxide nuclear fuels; Nuclear weapons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This is the report of a two day meeting to discuss issues arising from the reprocessing of plutonium and production of mixed oxide nuclear fuels in Britain. It was held at Charney Manor, near Oxford, on June 25 and 26, 1998, and was attended by 35 participants, including government officials, scientists, policy analysts, representatives of interested NGO's, journalists, a Member of Parliament, and visiting representatives from the US and Irish governments. The topic of managing plutonium has been a consistent thread within ORG's work, and was the subject of one of our previous reports, CDR 12. This particular seminar arose out of discussions earlier in the year between Dr. Frank Barnaby and the Rt. Hon. Michael Meacher MP, Minister for the Environment. With important decisions about the management of plutonium in Britain pending, ORG undertook to hold a seminar at which all aspects of the subject could be aired. A number of on-going events formed the background to this initiative. The first was British Nuclear Fuels' [BNFL] application to the Environment Agency to commission a mixed oxide fuel [MOX] plant at Sellafield. The second was BNFL's application to vary radioactive discharge limits at Sellafield. Thirdly, a House of Lords Select Committee was in process of taking evidence, on the disposal of radioactive waste. Fourthly, the Royal Society, in a recent report entitled Management of Separated Plutonium, recommended that 'the Government should commission a comprehensive review... of the options for the management of plutonium'. Four formal presentations were made to the meeting, on the subjects of Britain's plutonium policy, commercial prospects for plutonium use, problems of plutonium accountancy, and the danger of nuclear terrorism, by experts from outside the nuclear industry. It was hoped that the industry's viewpoint would also be heard, and BNFL were invited to present a paper, but declined on the grounds that they

  13. Guest Foreword by Lord Phillips KG PC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas A. Phillips


    Full Text Available The Rt Hon The Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers KG PC, President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ambition and excellence. Those two words epitomize Qatar. Under the leadership of his Highness the Emir, this small State has set out to make an impact on the world that belies its size. Ambitious was the plan to have an international broadcasting station. Ambitious was the plan to build from scratch a Museum of Islamic Art. Ambitious was the bid – the successful bid to host the World Cup in 2022. Ambitious is the bid to stage the Olympic Games in 2020. Qatar not merely has ambitions, it realizes its ambitions. And when it does so it is not enough to say that the result is ‘world class’, for Qatar sets out to be a world leader in whatever it puts its hand to. Excellence is the norm. Al Jazeera has established itself as the broadcasting station of choice for many throughout the world. The Doha Museum of Islamic Art is recognized as being second to none. In addition, the scale and standard of development in Doha itself is setting new standards of excellence in the fields of architecture and civil engineering. Thus when Qatar focuses its energies on education and the law, high achievements are expected. I shall have the honour of helping to achieve those expectations when I succeed Lord Woolf as President of Qatar’s new and impressive Civil and Commercial Court. The College of Law at Qatar University is already achieving excellence in the field of legal education. So, naturally, all expect great things of this new International Review of Law and I am delighted to have been invited to welcome it by this foreword. The range of the first edition is both international and topical. Those countries that have experienced the turbulence of the Arab Spring are settling new constitutions, and other countries are bent on constitutional reform designed to avoid such turbulence. So an erudite article on

  14. 敬畏生命:当代生态伦理学的重要思想资源——阿尔贝特·施韦泽及其敬畏生命伦理思想评介%Reverence for Life: A Significant Idea of Contemporary Ecological Ethics--A Review of Albert Schweitzer and His Ethics Thought of "Reverence for Life"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包庆德; 冯玲玲


    著名生态思想家施韦泽是"敬畏生命"伦理思想公认的创始人和虔诚的实践者。敬畏生命伦理融东西方生态哲学智慧于一体,将生态整体主义作为逻辑起点,指出人类的生存并非是孤立的,而是极大地依赖于生命系统和整个世界的和谐发展,将伦理关怀从人扩展至所有生物。施韦泽不仅在理论上积极倡导敬畏生命伦理原则,并在实践中自觉遵循敬畏生命伦理准则,深入非洲丛林行医服务半个多世纪,呼吁停止核试验甚至销毁核武器,由此荣获1952年诺贝尔和平奖,被誉为20世纪构建珍重生命整体性和个体性之间跨界桥梁的杰出先驱。敬畏生命伦理是当代生态伦理发展的极为重要的思想资源,对于人类文明的生态转向具有重大的时代意义。%The famous ecological ideologist Schweitzer is acknowledged as the founder and practitioner of ethics thought of "reverence for life". The thought, showing ethics care from human being to all creatures, inte- grates eastern and western eco-philosophy wisdom, which takes the ecological holism as its logic start and points out human being's existence is not isolated, but tremendously relies on life system and harmonious development of the whole world. Schweitzer not only positively initiates "reverence for life" in theory, but also follows the prin- ciples in practice, who goes deep into African jungle to do medical service more than half a century and calls for an end to nuclear test and nuclear weapons, thus, he was awarded the 1952 Nobel Peace Prize and he was hon- ored as an outstanding foregoer to construct a cross-border bridge of integrated life and individuality. The ethics of "reverence for life" becomes a significant part of contemporary ecological ethics and it is of great epoch signifi- cance for the ecological turning of human civilization.

  15. 一株孔雀石绿降解菌的分离筛选及其初步鉴定%Isolation and Identification of Malachite Green Degrading Bacteria Strain 2e

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安贤惠; 张静; 王秀丽; 李联泰


    Great attention has been attracted to the environmental pollution and food security caused by malachite green.This study isolated and screened the malachite green degrading bacte-ria for the purpose of reducing environmental pollution.By selective medium,malachite green-de-grading bacteria were screened from six samples.The taxonomic status was identified based on colonial morphology on plate,and their appearances under a microscope combined with the com-parative analysis of 16S rDNA gene.Results showed that nine malachite green-degrading bacteria were isolated from six samples and the highest effective strain named 2e of them was screened. The strain 2e grew very well when the malachite green was offered as the sole carbon source and it made 96.9% degradation rate to 100 mg/L malachite green in 48 h.On plate,strain 2e was round,white,ticked and difficult to pick up and its edge was smooth and neat.It belonged to G-with a short-rod shape and a size of (1.3-1.8)μm×(0.51-0.68)μm.It is classed into Aero-monas Genus and named Aeromonas sp.2e.Such a study can shed light on further studies of wastewater treatment caused by malachite green.%近年来孔雀石绿引发的环境污染和食品安全问题倍受人们关注。为了分离、筛选能够高效降解孔雀石绿的菌株,为减少或去除环境中孔雀石绿的污染提供微生物资源,采用选择性培养基,从采集的6个土壤(淤泥)样品中分离筛选孔雀石绿降解率较高的菌株,通过平板观察菌落形态,染色显微镜下观测,16 S rDNA序列测定确定菌株的系统发育地位。结果分离到9株孔雀石绿降解菌,其中编号为2e的菌株降解效率最高,能以孔雀石绿作为唯一碳源进行生长,在48 h内可使100 mg/L的孔雀石绿降解率达到96.9%。菌株2 e菌落呈圆形、乳白色、粘稠、不易挑取,边缘光滑整齐;革兰氏阴性,短杆状,大小为(1.3~1.8)μm×(0.51~0.68)μm

  16. New Solutions of Translation Initiation Site Prediction for Prokaryotic Genomes%原核基因翻译起始位点预测的新方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡钢清; 刘永初; 郑晓斌; 杨一帆; 余振苏; 朱怀球


    翻译起始位点(TIS,即基因5′端)的精确定位是原核生物基因预测的一个关键问题,而基因组GC含量和翻译起始机制的多样性是影响当前TIS预测水平的重要因素.结合基因组结构的复杂信息(包括GC含量、TIS邻近序列及上游调控信号、序列编码潜能、操纵子结构等),发展刻画翻译起始机制的数学统计模型,据此设计TIS预测的新算法MED-StartPlus.并将MED-StartPlus与同类方法RBSfinder、GS-Finder、MED-Start、TiCo和Hon-yaku等进行系统地比较和评价.测试针对两种数据集进行:当前14个已知的TIS被确认的基因数据集,以及300个物种中功能已知的基因数据集.测试结果表明,MED-StartPlus的预测精度在总体上超过同类方法.尤其是对高GC含量基因组以及具有复杂翻译起始机制的基因组,MED-StartPlus具有明显的优势.%Accurate prediction of the translation initiation site (TIS) is an important issue for prokaryotic genome annotation. However, it is still a challenge for the existing methods to predict the TIS in the genomes over a wide variety of GC content. Besides, the existing methods have not yet undergone a comprehensive evaluation, leaving prediction reliability as a largely open problem. A new algorithm MED-StartPlus, a tool that predicts TIS in prokaryotic genomes with a wide variety of GC content was presented. It makes several efforts to model the nucleotide composition bias, the regulatory motifs upstream of the TIS, the sequence patterns around the TIS, and the operon structure. Tests on hundreds of reliable data sets, with TISs confirmed by experiments or having annotated functions, show that the new method achieves a totally high accuracy of TIS prediction. Compared with existing TIS predictors, the method reports a totally higher performance, especially for genomes that are GC-rich or have complex initiation mechanisms. The potential application of the method to improve the TIS annotation

  17. 等腰梯形蜂窝芯玻璃钢夹芯板的热性能%Thermal performance for isosceles trapezoid honeycomb core of glass steel sandwich panel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑吉良; 孙勇; 彭明军


    In order to investigate the heat transfer mechanism for isosceles-trapezoid honeycomb core of glass steel sandwich panel,experiment measurement using thermal conductivity meter and simulation investigation on heat transfer performance of sandwich panel were conducted.The results indicate that simulation results for the steady thermal conductivity coefficients of sandwich panels are identical with the calculation results of Swann and Pittman empirical formula,which validates the reasonability of cell plane model for numerical calculation.Part2 is the main steady heat transfer part for sandwich panel,so Part2 cell-wall thickness and side length have strong influences on thermal conductivity coefficient of sandwich panel,and the influences of Part2 height,Part1 and Part3 thickness as well as panel thickness on thermal conductivity coefficient is weak.Meanwhile,if only the thermal conductivity co-efficient of sandwich panel is needed to be reduced and ignoring the demanding for static mechanical properties of sandwich panel,the honeycomb core layer material should be replaced;if both of the heat-insulation performance and static mechanical properties of sandwich panel are required to be satisfied at the same time,the multilayer hon-eycomb core of sandwich panel is an excellent choice.%为研究等腰梯形蜂窝芯玻璃钢夹芯板传热机制,利用导热仪对夹芯板的传热性能进行了实验测试与模拟研究。结果表明:夹芯板稳态导热系数模拟结果与Swann and Pittman经验公式的计算结果相吻合,验证了数值计算胞体平面模型的合理性;Part2为夹芯板稳态传热的主要构件,Part2胞壁厚度与边长对夹芯板导热系数有显著影响,Part2高度、Part1与Part3厚度及面板厚度对夹芯板导热系数的影响偏弱;同时,若仅需降低夹芯板的导热系数,而忽略对夹芯板静力学性能要求,应该更换蜂窝芯层材料;若需夹芯板同时满足隔热性能与静力学性能,

  18. 超声辅助提取柑桔鲜皮渣果胶的工艺研究%Ultrasonic assisted extraction pectin from fresh sweet orange residue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马亚琴; 吴厚玖; 周志钦; 孙志高; 王华


    以水为提取溶剂,研究了超声辅助提取柑桔鲜皮渣中果胶的工艺条件。与常规的浸泡提取方法比较,在酸度和物料比相同的条件下,在80℃超声处理40min柑桔鲜皮渣中的果胶,比在90℃浸泡水解1h其果胶得率提高了82.3%。在单因素实验基础上,利用二次旋转组合实验设计及响应面分析法,评价了超声功率、超声时间和提取温度对果胶得率的影响,并建立了数学回归模型。方差分析结果表明:一次项、二次项对果胶得率的影响均达到显著水平;交互项X1X2的影响极显著,X1X3、X2X3不显著。通过响应面分析法得出最佳超声提取条件:超声功率177W,提取温度71℃,超声时间49min,模型预测果胶得率为3.34%。在此超声条件下,果胶实际得率为3.32%。%Ultrasound assisted-extraction(UAE) was used to extraction pectin from sweet orange residue with water as extraction solvent.Comparison with maceration extraction method,under the same pH and ratio of sample and solvent conditions, pectin yields of extracts from citrus fresh peel by UAE at 80℃ for 40min was increased by 82.3% than maceration extraction at 90℃ for l h.On the basis of single factor experiments, quadratic rotational combination design combined with response surface methodology (RSM)was used to evaluate the effects of ultrasonic power and treatment time, temperature on pectin yield, and mathematical regression models were established.Analysis of variance showed that the effects of linear and quadratic terms on pectin yields were significant;X~X2 of interactive term was also significant, however, X~X3 and X2X3 were insignificant. The optimal ultrasonic conditions in range under study by RSM for the highest yields of pectin was determined as:ultrasonic power of 177W,extraction temperature of 71℃,ultrasonic time of 49rain.The predicted yield of pectin by RSM was 3.34% ,closed to the practical yield of pectin of 3.32%.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sesha Prasad


    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Tonsillectomy is a commonly performed ENT surgical procedure in the age groups of 7 to 40 years, for various indications like recurrent post infection Hypertrophy of Tonsils, Sleep apnea and 4 weeks following Peri - tonsillar abscess and cysts or tumors of the tonsil. The children tolerate post - operative pain better than adults. Apart from Cold steel dissection and snare method different modalities are used for tonsillectomy like Laser, Coblation, radio - frequency; In an attempt to minimize post - operative pain in patients. The post – operative pain is usually managed by NSAID drugs like diclofenac sodium, ketorol, ibuprofen and acetaminophen given over a period of 7days after surgery. Many patients in addition to the pain at the site of surgery complain of dryness of the throat, radiating pain to the jaws and ears. They also complain of sharp lancinating pain with every swallow. The post - operative healing process is important following tonsillectomy because unattended it would lead to morbid recuperation post surgically. In view of varying responses to the standard treatment with NSAIDs by the individuals undergoing tonsillectomy the present study is conducted to evaluate post tonsillectomy pain and other associated morbid symptoms. Hon ey is used since time immemorial for medicinal purposes. It is described in Indian Medicine, Unani medicine, Chinese medicine to name a few. It has nutritive value as well as healing properties when applied to wounds. Use of Bees honey or its products is called Apitherapy which is a science by itself. To name a few varieties Tualang honey, Manuka Honey and Indian Honey and Chinese Honey. Honey is prepared by honey bees from the natural sugar solutions called the nectar obtained from flowers or other secretions of plants and contains mixture of sugars. By addition of enzymes and evaporation of water in it, honey bees transform it into a sweet liquid. It was the sweetening agent known to the

  20. 市场导向的广西“老字号”品牌激活研究:一个企业人类学的视角%A Study on Market-oriented RevitaIization of Guangxi Time-honored Brands:An Enterprise AnthropoIogy Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫春; 赵巧艳


    Time-honored brand is a kind of historical accumulation with rich culture and product genes.Although time-honored brands are currently challenged by some difficulties, such as brand aging and surviving pressure, nostalgia and long-formed con-suming feelings embodied by brand itself maintain their peculiar competitive advantages.Compared with those in other parts of the country, time-honored brands in Guangxi province are inferiors both in quantity and quality.However, as an important carri-er for exhibiting cultural and business characteristics from a local perspective, and an essential component of local business eco-logical system, revitalizing time-honored brands in Guangxi is absolutely a scientific business attitude and sensible business strat-egy under the guidance of market-oriented principle.On the basis of the comparative study between the questionnaire for market foundation of Guangxi time-honored brands and anthropological investigation on bench brands of Guangdong province, this paper put forward four favorable approaches to revitalize Guangxi time-honored brands, which is also of significant value for time-hon-ored brand revitalization of other western provinces and less-developed regions in China.%老字号品牌是蕴含丰厚文化与产品基因的一种历史积淀,尽管普遍面临品牌老化和生存挑战的压力,可是老字号品牌体现的怀旧内涵和长期形成的消费情感依然维持着其独特的竞争优势。全国范围内,广西的老字号品牌不仅数量少,而且质量不高,但作为展示广西地域文化与商业特色的一种重要载体,以及构成地方商业生态的重要组成部分,以市场导向为原则,激活广西老字号品牌依然不失为一种科学的商业态度和明智的商业决策。对比分析广西老字号品牌市场基础的问卷调查和与广东老字号标杆品牌的人类学调查,可以提炼出广西老字号品牌激活的四条优先路径,也可以

  1. On the Components of the Needy College Students' Credit Values and the Relationship with Self-respect%贫困大学生诚信价值观的结构及其与自尊的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷孟; 宋大伟


    Credit value is a kind of complex psychological phenomenon and the inside dimension of the individual. Because the lack of credibility behaviors appear constantly, college students' credit value has caused the attention of many researchers. This study selected 1326 needy college students as the samples to verify the structure of the credit value, and discussed credit value and the self-esteem. The result indicated the relationships between the needy college students' that: I. The needy college students' credit value con- tains integrity tendency (integrity desire; integrity choice and integrity evaluation), integrity means (hon- esty; commitment; keeping faith and white lies) and integrity target (individual orientation and social ori- entation). II. The needy college students' self-esteem is significantly correlated with credit value and integrity desire, integrity choice, integrity evaluation, honesty, commitment, keeping faith, individual orientation and social orientation. The higher level of self-esteem of the needy college students has a more positive integrity tendency, integrity means and integrity target. But the self-esteem is not significantly correlated with while lies. III. The level of needy college students' self-esteem can significantly predict the credit value and it has two stage dimensions.%诚信价值观是一种复杂的心理现象,是个体对诚信的内在尺度。本研究选取1326名贫困大学生作为样本,探讨了贫困大学诚信价值观的结构及其与自尊的关系。结果表明:(1)贫困大学生诚信价值观由诚信倾向(诚信愿望、诚信抉择、诚信评价)、诚信手段(重诺、善意谎言、守信、诚实)、诚信目标(个人取向、社会取向)3个二阶因子组成;(2)贫困大学生的自尊水平与诚信价值观及其3个二阶因子、8个一阶因子存在显著正相关,自尊水平越高的贫困大学生具有更积极的诚信倾向

  2. 污水厂出水DOM各组分的荧光特性及其THMFP%Fluorescence Characteristic and THMFP of DOM Fractions in Secondary Effluent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩芸; 周学瑾; 彭党聪; 王晓昌


    According to different chemical composition, dissolved organic matter ( DOM) in secondary effluent from a conventional wastewater treatment plant was isolated using XAD resin adsorbents into six classes; hydrophobic acids ( HoA) , hydrophobic bases ( HoB) , hydrophobic neutrals ( HoN ) , hydrophilic acids (HiA), hydrophilic bases (HiB) and hydrophilic neutrals (HiN). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between source and components of each DOM fraction and THMFP. The results show that HoA and HiA are the dominant fractions in the secondary effluent DOM, being 29% and 36% of total DOC respectively, and THMFPs of these two fractions are the maximum, being 301.9 μg/L and 92.9 μg/L respectively. The analysis results of 3DEEM show that HiA and HoA contain a large amount of aromatic proteins, SMP and humic matters, which lead to high THMFP, andHoB also contains aromatic proteins and SMP. Thus, aromatic amino acid, humic acid, fulvic acid and SMP are important THMs precursors. It is also found that SUVA exhibits a positive correlation with THM-FP, which indicates that SUVA is one of main factors influencing THMs formation.%对城市污水处理厂二级出水中的DOM进行树脂分离得到6种组分:疏水性有机酸(HoA)、疏水性有机碱(HoB)、疏水中性有机物(HoN)、亲水性有机酸(HiA)、亲水性有机碱(HiB)、亲水中性有机物(HiN),探寻各组分中有机物的种类、来源及其与消毒副产物生成潜能(THMFP)的关系.结果表明,HoA和HiA的含量最多,分别占原水DOC的29%和36%,二者的THMFP也最大,分别为301.9 μg/L和92.9 μg/L.通过对三维荧光光谱的分析得出,HoA和HiA含有大量的芳香族蛋白质、溶解性微生物代谢产物(SMP)、腐殖质类物质,HoB中含有明显的芳香族蛋白质和SMP荧光峰,三者均导致较高的THMFP.因此,芳香族氨基酸、腐殖酸、富里酸和SMP是重要的消毒副产物前体物.研究还发现各组分的SUVA与THMFP具

  3. [Studies on the kidney and the renal circulation, by Josep Trueta i Raspall (1897-1977)]. (United States)

    Pérez, Fariña L A


    Josep Trueta i Raspall, born in Barcelona in 1897, was one of the most outstanding european surgeons of his time. In 1936, after the military coup and during the subsequent Spanish civil war, he was in charge of the Surgery Service at the Hospital de la Santa Creu y Sant Pau and begins to performe a closed method to treat open fractures of the limbs, dramatically lowering the number of gangrenes and amputations between troops and civilians. At the end of the war came the exile, and he was invited by the british Health Service, he teach in Oxford and applies his knowledge on war surgery, was named PhD (Hon) and professor of ortopedics, and creates an school of clinical investigation that generates important findings in bone growing and pathology and, amont other areas, in the knowledge of renal function and kidney injuries induced by shock and blood hypertension. One of the most outstanding fruits of this investigation is the book "Studies on renal circulation", first published in English in 1947 (Oxford), then in Spanish in 1949 (Barcelona). Study of Josep Trueta's biography and works on kidney function, especially the book "Studies on the renal circulation", relating them to the state-of- the- art of nephrologic studies of his time. Trueta and his group were pioneers in the study of the causes of postraumatic oliguria in war wounds. On the basis of the first studies on crush syndrome, published in 1941, were the kidney failure that followed the extended injuries of the limbs was pointed out, they could demonstrated the changes in renal circulation that followed different injuries to the limbs, such as ischemia, haemorrhage and infections. "Studies on the renal circulation" and other papers published in journals of high scientific impact, shown the renal cortical ischemia with preservation or increase of the medullar and yuxtamedullar circulation that takes place in those pathological situations (Trueta shunt). Although their contributions and hypothesis were not

  4. 脑卒中患者血清PARK7水平变化及意义%Changes and clinical significance of serum PARK7 level in stroke patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔桂萍; 刘萍


    two other groups within 12 h,on the third day and the fourteenth day after onset of stroke.The sensitivity and the specificity were evaluated by using the receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the correlation with MESSS,BI was analyzed.Results The serum PARK7 levels of IS group within 12h,on day 3 and 12 were (32.79 ±6.94),(31.23 ±6.04) and (32.71 ± 6.34) μg/L respectively,the levels of ICH group separately were (31.61 ± 5.06),(32.05 ±4.29),(31.48 ± 5.94) μg/L,and the control group was (14.25 ± 2.65) μg/L.The levels of IS and ICH group were higher than the control group at each point (P < 0.01).Comparison between IS and ICH group in the same group at different time points and between the two groups at the same time all P > 0.05.Using the ROC curve,the boundary value of PARK7 was 20.256 μg/L.In the IS group,the sensitivity and specificity were 97.3% and 96.7%,the positive likelihood ratio was 29.19,the negative likelihood ratio was 0.028,0.995 the area under the ROC curve (P =0.000) ; in the ICH group,the sensitivity and specificity were 96.43% and 96.7%,the positive likelihood ratio was 29.21,the negative likelihood ratio was 0.037,0.965 the area under the ROC curve (P =0.000).The serum level of PARK7 had positive correlation with MESSS in the IS group within 12 h (r =0.357,P < 0.05) ; the level had negative correlation with BI in the ICH group on day 12 (r =-0.478,P < 0.05),but the level had positive correlation with bleeding (r =0.486,P <0.05).Conclusion The serum PARK7 level was increased in stroke patients at acute stage and PARK7 may serve as a biomarker for the early diagnosis of stroke.

  5. 基于近红外光谱检测技术鉴别洋槐蜜中掺入大米糖浆的可行性研究%Discrimination of Rice Syrup Adulterant of Acacia Honey Based Using Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张妍楠; 陈兰珍; 薛晓锋; 吴黎明; 李熠; 杨娟


    At present,the rice syrup as a low price of the sweeteners was often adulterated into acacia honey and the adulterated honeys were sold in honey markets,while there is no suitable and fast method to identify honey adulterated with rice syrup.In this study,Near infrared spectroscopy (NIR)combined with chemometric methods were used to discriminate authenticity of hon-ey.20 unprocessed acacia honey samples from the different honey producing areas,mixed?with different proportion of rice syr-up,were prepared of seven different concentration gradient?including 121 samples.The near infrared spectrum (NIR)instru-ment and spectrum processing software have been applied in the?spectrum?scanning and data conversion on adulterant sam-ples,respectively.Then it was analyzed by Principal component analysis (PCA)and canonical discriminant analysis methods in order to discriminating adulterated honey ,The results showed that after principal components analysis,the first two principal components accounted for 97.23% of total variation,but the regionalism of the score plot of the first two PCs was not obvious, so the canonical discriminant analysis was used to make the further discrimination,all samples had been discriminated correctly, the first two discriminant functions accounted for 91.6% among the six canonical discriminant functions,Then the different con-centration of adulterant samples can be discriminated correctly,it illustrate that canonical discriminant analysis method combined with NIR spectroscopy is not only feasible but also practical for rapid and effective discriminate of the rice syrup adulterant of acacia honey.%利用近红外光谱技术(near infrared spectroscopy,NIR)并结合化学计量学方法鉴别洋槐蜜中掺入大米糖浆的可行性研究。以来自不同蜂场的20个洋槐原料蜜样品与大米糖浆混合成7个不同浓度梯度(10∶0,9∶1,7∶3,1∶1,3∶7,1∶9,0∶10 g·g-1)共121个样品为研究对象,利用

  6. Baseline assessments for coral reef community structure and demographics on West Maui (United States)

    Vargas-Angel, Bernardo; White, Darla; Storlazzi, Curt; Callender, Tova; Maurin, Paulo


    and sediment loading conditions, the coral-rich habitats in the Wahikuli and Honōkowai Watersh

  7. 苦豆子种子发芽检验标准化研究%Study on Standardization of Germination Test of Sophora alopecuroides Seed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢有媛; 李金田; 张延红; 杜弢; 晋玲


    OBJECTIVE:To select the optimum conditions for germination test of Sophora alopecuroides seed,and to provide reference for formulating seed test rule and standardization of S. alopecuroides. METHODS:S. alopecuroides seeds were soaked in 98% H2SO4 for 30 min and 35 ℃ warm water for 29 h,and then treated under different temperature conditions (15 ℃,20 ℃, 25℃and 30℃),different germination beds(on paper,between paper,on sand,in sand)and different light conditions(2 000 lx lighting 16 h,dark). Optimal germination condition was screened by using germination rate,germinative potential and germinative index as indicators. S. alopecuroides seeds were cultured under this condition for 7 days,and then germination rate was determined. RESULTS:Different temperatures had no significant effect on germination rate,but influenced germinative potential and germina-tive index;those indicators reached maximal value at 20 ℃. Different germination beds affected each indicator,and under condi-tion of on sand,those indicators were the highest. Light treatment had no significant effect on germination indicators. Under suit-able condition,the seed sprouted since first day of germination bed treatment;germination rate was more than 90% on second day,and reached maximal value on fifth day and didn’t increase any longer. CONCLUSIONS:The suitable condition of seed ger-mination was soaking in 98% H2SO4 30 min+35 ℃ warm water for 29 h,on sand under light at 20 ℃. Initial count on second day of germination bed treatment and final count on forth day were analyzed statistically as well as germination rate. This method can be used as standard quality test of the seed of S. alopecuroides.%目的:确定苦豆子种子发芽的最适宜条件,为制订苦豆子种子检验规程及标准化提供依据。方法:苦豆子种子以98%硫酸处理30 min+35℃温水浸泡29 h后,分别在不同温度(15、20、25、30℃)、不同发芽床(纸上、纸间、砂上


    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    E. H. Doha; S. I. El-Soubhy


    The formula of expressing the coefficients of an expansion ofultraspherical polynomials that has been integrated an arbitrary number of times in terms of the coefficients of the original expansion is stated in a more compact form and proved in a simpler way than the formula of Phillips and Karageorghis (1990). A new formula is proved for the q times integration of ultraspherical polynomials, of which the Chebyshev polynomials of the first and second kinds and Legendre polynomials are important special cases. An application of these formulae for solving ordinary differential equations with varying coefficients is discussed.CLC Number:O17 Document ID:AAuthor Resume:E. H. Doha,e-mail: eiddoha@frcu, eun. eg References:[1]Canuto,C. ,Spectral Methods in Fluid Dynamics,Springer,Belrin,1988.[2]Doha,E.H.,An Accurate Solution of Parabolic Equations by Expansion in Ultraspherical Polynomials,Comput. Math. Appl. ,19(1990),75-88.[3]Doha,E. H. ,The Coefficients of Differentiated Expansions and Derivatives of Ultraspherical Polynomials,Comput. Math. Appl.,21(1991),115-122.[4]Doha,E.H. ,The Chebyshev Coefficients of General order Derivatives of an Infinitely Differen-tiable Function in Two or Three Variables,Ann. Univ. Sci. Budapest. Sect. Comput. ,13(1992),83-91.[5]Doha,E. H.,On the Cefficients of Differentiable Expansions of Double and Triple Legendre Polynomials,Ann Univ. Sci. Budapest. Sect. Comput. ,15(1995),25-35.[6]Doha,E.H. ,The Ultraspherical Coefficients of the Moments of a General-Order Derivatives of an Infinitely Differentiable Function,J. Comput. Math. ,89(1998),53-72.[7]Doha,E.H. ,The Coefficients of Differentiated Expansions of Double and Triple Ultraspherical Polynomials,Annales Univ. Sci. Budapest.,Sect. Comp.,19(200),57-73.[8]Doha,E.H. and Al-Kholi,F. M. R. ,An Efficient Double Legerdre Spectral Method for Parabolic and Elliptic Partial Differential Equations,Intern. J. Computer. Math. (toAppear).[9]Fox,L. and Parker,I.B. ,Chebyshev Polynomials in

  9. Sequence Comparison and Analysis of HA Gene of Four H9N2 Avian Influenza Virus Isolates%4个H9N2亚型禽流感病毒毒株HA基因序列比较与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章振华; 于博; 姜北宇; 钱爱东; 李林; 景小冬; 张建伟


    国株(AY862606)则属于A/Duck/Hong Kong/Y439/97(AF156377)群系.总体来看,这4个分离株与国内参考株亲缘关系较近,而与韩国株(AF156377)较远.4个分离株除WD株的HA基因裂解位点为PSRSSR/GLF,MY、PG和ZD株的HA基因裂解位点均为PARSSR/GLF,WD株裂解位点附近的A变为S,也就是由丙氨酸变为丝氨酸,S也是非碱性氨基酸,因此,致病力没有变化,这4个分离株均为低致病性禽流感病毒.HA基因的几个受体位点分别为109aa,161aa,163aa,191aa,198aa,202aa,203aa,通过比较除了PG株的198aa为丙氨酸(Ala),其他3个都为缬氨酸(Vla).编码198aa的3个碱基由GTG突变为GCG,其他参考株的198aa变异性也较大,A/Duck/Hong Kong/Y439/97(AF156377)和 A/Quail/Hong Kong/G1/97(AF156378)的198aa都是谷氨酸(Glu),还有的国内株为T.这4个分离株的其他几个受体结合位点的氨基酸都是一样的,然而,通过对10个参考株的比较发现,191aa也容易发生变异,有的变为组氨酸(His).202aa和203aa在所有的毒株中都比较保守.[结论]HA基因在不同毒株间具有很高的同源性.但有很多因素能够影响其HA基因的变异,从而影响其致病力,这与地域因素有很大的相关性,因此,应加强地域间的防控.%[Objective] To determine the HA gene sequences of four H9N2 Avian influenza virus (AIV) strains and carry out comparative analysis so as to understand the difference and variation pattern of each strain from the angle of molecular biology and to know the distribution and epidemic law of H9N2 AIV. [Method] One pair of primers was designed referring to HA gene sequences of H9N2 AIV. The HA genes of A/Chicken/Hebei/WD/98 (H9N2; WD98 for short), A/Chicken/Hebei/ZD/04 (H9N2; ZD04 for short)), A/Chicken/Beijing/MY/06 (H9N2; MY06 for short)), and A/Chicken/Beijing/PG/08 (H9N2; PG08 for short)) were amplified, cloned and sequenced. Then the HA gene sequences of these strains were compared with that of 10 H9N2 AIV stains in GenBank. [Result] The ORF of

  10. The Payun-Matru lava field: a source of analogues for Martian long lava flows (United States)

    Giacomini, L.; Pasquarè, G.; Massironi, M.; Frigeri, A.; Bistacchi, A.; Frederico, C.


    'Accademia dei Lincei, 9, 16 (3), 127-135.[2]Pasquaré G., Bistacchi A., Francalanci L.. Gigantic self-confined pahoehoe inflated lava flows in Argentina. Submitted to Terra Nova. [3]Self, S., Keszthelyi, L., Thordarson, Th., 1998. The Importance of Pahoehoe. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science, 26, 81-110. [4]Anderson T., 1910. The volcano of Matavanu in Savaii. Geological Society of London Quarterly Journal, 66, 621-639. [5] Walker, G.P.L., 1991. Structure and origin by injection of lava under surface crust, of tumuli, "lava rises", "lava rise pits", and "lava inflation clefts" in Hawaii. Bulletin of Volcanology, 53, 546-558. [6] Hon, K, Kauahikaua, J., Denlinger, R., Mackay, K., 1994. Emplacement and inflation of pahoehoe sheet flows: Observations and measurements of active lava flows on Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 106, 351-370. [7] Llambias, E., 1966. Geología y petrográfica del Volcán Payún-Matru. Acta Geológica Lill., VIII: 265-310. Instituto Lillo, Universidad Nacional Tucumán. Tucumán. [8] Zimbelman, J. R., 1998. Emplacement of long lava flows on planetary surface. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 27503- 27516. [9] Smith, D. E. et al., 1999. The global topography of Mars and implications for surface evolution. Science, 284, 1495-1503. [10] Glaze L.S., Anderson S.W., Stofan E.R., Baloga S., Smrekar S. E, 2005. Statistical distribution of tumuli on pahoehoe flow surfaces: analysis of examples in Hawaii and Iceland and potential application to lava flows on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 110, B08202, doc: 10.1029/2004JB003564. [11] MacDonald, 1972. Volcanoes. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs. 510 pp.

  11. Use of homeopathy Arnica montana for the issuance of the roots Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Lippia alba (Mill N.E.Br. Uso del preparado homeopático Arnica montana en la formación de raíces de Rosmarinus officinalis L. y Lippia alba (Mill N.E.Br. Uso do preparado homeopático Arnica montana na formação de raízes de Rosmarinus officinalis L. e Lippia alba (MillN.E.E.Br

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Wagner Dias Casali


    H y 12cH promovió todas las variables relacionadas a la formación de raíces en estudio, acentuando la similaridad entre Arnica montana y el cuadro inducido por el proceso fisiológico de estacamiento, promoviendo aumento del porcentaje y calidad de las raíces. Palabras-clave: Homeopatía; enraizamiento; corte; Árnica Montana.   Correspondence author: Filipe Pereira Giardini Bonfim, email: How to cite this article: Bonfim FPG, Martins ER, Dores RGR, Barbosa CKR, Casali VWD, Honório ICG. Use of homeopathic Arnica montana for the issuance of roots of Rosmarinus officinalis L. and Lippia alba (Mill N.E.Br. Int J High Dilution Res [online]. 2008 [cited YYYY Mmm DD]: 7(23; 113-117. Available from:  El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar la influencia del preparado homeopático Arnica montana en la formación de raíces de romero (Rosmarinus officnalis y lippia blanca (Lippia alba. Mudas de Rosmarinus officinalis y Lippia alba, cultivados en la huerta medicinal de NCA/UFMG fueron colocadas para arraigar en bandejas conteniendo sustrato comercial de tipo "plantamax" e inmediatamente después fueron sometidas a aplicaciones diarias de preparados homeopáticos de Arnica montana en las diluciones 3cH, 6cH, 9cH y 12cH, con dos controles, agua destilada y etanol 70%. El diseño estatístico fue completamente randomizado (DIC, con 6 tratamientos y 4 repeticiones, cada unidad experimental compuesta por 10 estacas. Después de 45 días, fueron evaluados el número de raíces, número de brotes, longitud de la raíz más larga, porcentaje de estacas arraigadas y la calidad de las estacas. Arnica montana en las diluciones 3cH, 6cH y 12cH promovió todas las variables relacionadas a la formación de raíces en estudio