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Sample records for hon facs hon

  1. Om han eller hon eller den

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lando, Ole

    2014-01-01

    Ska den som skriver en juridisk text ta hänsyn till att det finns alltfler kvinnliga läsare som tar illa vid sig att så många — och däribland även kvinnor — skriver "han" när de också avser "hon"? Ska man i framtiden gå över till att skriva texter som tar hänsyn till detta genom att t.ex. skriva ...... "hon" eller "han och/eller hon"? Eller ska man använda könsneutrala uttryck som "den" eller "hen"? I artikeln redogör jag för vad EU-lagstiftaren och lagstiftarna i Norden, England, Tyskland och Frankrike har gjort och vad en rad juridiska författare i dessa länder anser om saken....

  2. A new species of Eustigma (Hamamelidaceae) from Hon Ba Nature Reserve, Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toyama, Hironori; Tagane, Shuichiro; Dang, Van Son; Tran, Hop; Nagamasu, Hidetoshi; Naiki, Akiyo; Yahara, Tetsukazu

    2016-01-01

    A new species of Hamamelidaceae, Eustigma honbaense H.Toyama, Tagane & V.S.Dang, sp. nov., is described from Hon Ba Nature Reserve, Vietnam. This species is similar to Eustigma oblongifolium Gardner & Champ., but differs from it in having entire leaves, longer infructescences, capsules with a longer apical part and seeds with a larger hilum. A description, preliminary conservation assessment, illustration and photographs of the new species are provided, as well as an updated key to the genus Eustigma.

  3. An evaluation of the quality of Turkish community pharmacy web sites concerning HON principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yegenoglu, Selen; Sozen, Bilge; Aslan, Dilek; Calgan, Zeynep; Cagirci, Simge

    2008-05-01

    The objective of this study was to find all the existing Web sites of Turkish community pharmacies and evaluate their "quality" in terms of Health on the Net (HON) Code of conduct principles. Multiple Internet search engines were used (google.com, yahoo.com, altavista.com, msn.com). While searching on the Internet, "eczane (pharmacy)" and "eczanesi (pharmacy of)" key words were used. The Internet search lasted for 2 months starting from March 1, 2007 until May 1, 2007. SPSS ver. 11.5 statistical program (SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL) was used for data entry and analysis. At the end of the Internet search via all the indicated search engines, a total of 203 (all different from each other) community pharmacy Web sites were determined; of these, 14 were under construction and 6 were not accessible. As a result, 183 community pharmacy Web sites were included in the study. All of the Web sites could be accessed (100%). However, the availability of some characteristics of the pharmacies were quite poor. None of the pharmacies met all of the HON principles. Only 11 Web sites were appropriate in terms of complementarity (6.0%). Confidentiality criteria was met by only 14 pharmacies (7.7%). Nine pharmacies (4.9%) completed the "attribution" criteria. Among 183 pharmacy Web sites, the most met HON principle was the "transparency of authorship" (69 pharmacy Web sites; 37.7%). Because of the results of our study, the Turkish Pharmacists Association can take a pioneer role to apply some principles such as HON code of conduct in order to increase the quality of Turkish community pharmacists' Web sites.

  4. Goniothalamus flagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang (Annonaceae, a new species from Mt. Hon Ba, Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuichiro Tagane

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A new species, Goniothalamus flagellistylus Tagane & V. S. Dang, sp. nov. from Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Khanh Hoa Province, South Vietnam is described and illustrated. This species is most similar to Goniothalamus tortilipetalus M.R.Hend., but distinct in having 308–336 stamens (vs. ca. 170–260 and ca.120 carpels (vs. ca. 50–100 per flower, and Stigma and pseudostyles ca.8.5 mm (vs. 4–4.5 mm long.

  5. /sup 165/Ho(n,. gamma. ) standard cross section from 3 to 450 keV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Macklin, R.L.

    1976-03-01

    The /sup 165/Ho(n, ..gamma..) cross section was measured at the Oak Ridge Electron Linear Accelerator neutron time-of-flight facility. Nonhydrogenous scintillation detectors were used with pulse-height weighting to measure the prompt photon yield, normalized to the saturated 3.92-eV resonance in (/sup 165/Ho + n) and the shape of the /sup 6/Li(n,..cap alpha..) cross section. Resonance parameters for many of the observed peaks below 3 keV were determined by a nonlinear least-squares fit. The data to 100 keV were well fitted with energy-independent strength functions 10/sup 4/S/sup 0/ = 1.33 +- 0.14, 10/sup 4/S/sup 1/ = 1.36 +- 0.24, 10/sup 4/S/sub 2/ = 1.19 +- 0.76 and anti GAMMA/sub ..gamma../D/sub 0/ = 0.076/(3.23 +- 0.55 eV). The fluctuations of the cross section about the strength function fit are analyzed for 250-eV averages. The Wald-Wolfowitz ''Runs'' test is consistent with no additional nonrandom structure in the cross section. 3 figures, 1 table. (auth)

  6. Hon-yaku: a biology-driven Bayesian methodology for identifying translation initiation sites in prokaryotes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    de Hoon Michiel JL

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Computational prediction methods are currently used to identify genes in prokaryote genomes. However, identification of the correct translation initiation sites remains a difficult task. Accurate translation initiation sites (TISs are important not only for the annotation of unknown proteins but also for the prediction of operons, promoters, and small non-coding RNA genes, as this typically makes use of the intergenic distance. A further problem is that most existing methods are optimized for Escherichia coli data sets; applying these methods to newly sequenced bacterial genomes may not result in an equivalent level of accuracy. Results Based on a biological representation of the translation process, we applied Bayesian statistics to create a score function for predicting translation initiation sites. In contrast to existing programs, our combination of methods uses supervised learning to optimally use the set of known translation initiation sites. We combined the Ribosome Binding Site (RBS sequence, the distance between the translation initiation site and the RBS sequence, the base composition of the start codon, the nucleotide composition (A-rich sequences following start codons, and the expected distribution of the protein length in a Bayesian scoring function. To further increase the prediction accuracy, we also took into account the operon orientation. The outcome of the procedure achieved a prediction accuracy of 93.2% in 858 E. coli genes from the EcoGene data set and 92.7% accuracy in a data set of 1243 Bacillus subtilis 'non-y' genes. We confirmed the performance in the GC-rich Gamma-Proteobacteria Herminiimonas arsenicoxydans, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Burkholderia pseudomallei K96243. Conclusion Hon-yaku, being based on a careful choice of elements important in translation, improved the prediction accuracy in B. subtilis data sets and other bacteria except for E. coli. We believe that most remaining

  7. Systematic notes on Asian birds. 46. ‘A Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the Hon. East-India Company’ by Horsfield & Moore

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dickinson, E.C.

    2004-01-01

    Ornithological literature has been extremely inconsistent in assigning authorship for the new names proposed in ‘A Catalogue of the Birds in The Museum of the Hon. East-India Company’ by Horsfield & Moore, or by Moore in parallel to it. The corrected dates of separate publications by Moore and the

  8. The phytogeographic note on the orchids flora of Vietnam: a case study from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve, Central Vietnam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuong Ba Truong

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The survey of the Orchid flora at Hon Ba Nature Reserve, where was a part of the famous Annamite Range in Vietnam, had been achieved from March to December 2014. A total of 106 species in 4 life forms were accounted i.e. epiphyte (67 species, terrestrial (20 species, lithophyte (13 species and mycoheterotrophic (6 species. Among those, there were two newly recorded species to the Annamite Range i.e. Lecanorchis nigricans Honda and Bulbophyllum dasystachys J.J.Verm., P. Thavipoke & J. Phelps. The most diverse genera were Dendrobium, Bulbophyllum, Liparis and Paphiopedilum respectively. The result area revealed that the Annamite Range performed as a “cross road” of 4 floristic regions in Asia, i.e. the Himalayan Range, the Indo-China Mainland and Myanmar, the Sino-Japanese and the Malesian Region.

  9. A New Species of Cleisostoma (Orchidaceae from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Vietnam: A Multidisciplinary Assessment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Ponert

    Full Text Available A new species, Cleisostoma yersinii J. Ponert & Vuong, is described and illustrated based on the material collected in the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in southern Vietnam. In addition to conventional (macromorphological examination we comparatively investigated root and leaf anatomy (using light and fluorescent microscopy, assessed nectar characteristics (using HPLC analysis, determined nuclear genome size (using DNA flow cytometry and reconstructed phylogenetic relationships (using nrITS sequences. Cleisostoma yersinii differs from its putative closest relative C. birmanicum in wider and shorter leaves, larger flowers, distinct lip with S-shaped tip of the mid-lobe, and a shallow spur with two large nectar sacks separated by prominent calli and septum. Nectar is sucrose-dominant and very rich in sugars. Stomata are developed on both sides of the leaf and have prominent hyperstomatal chambers and substomatal cavities. Roots with well-developed exodermis and tracheoidal idioblasts are covered by a two-layer Vanda-type velamen. Chloroplasts occur not only in the cortex but are also abundant in the stele. Mean 1C-value was estimated to 2.57 pg DNA. An updated identification key is provided for SE Asian sections and all Vietnamese species of Cleisostoma.

  10. A New Species of Cleisostoma (Orchidaceae) from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Vietnam: A Multidisciplinary Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponert, Jan; Trávníček, Pavel; Vuong, Truong Ba; Rybková, Romana; Suda, Jan

    2016-01-01

    A new species, Cleisostoma yersinii J. Ponert & Vuong, is described and illustrated based on the material collected in the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in southern Vietnam. In addition to conventional (macro)morphological examination we comparatively investigated root and leaf anatomy (using light and fluorescent microscopy), assessed nectar characteristics (using HPLC analysis), determined nuclear genome size (using DNA flow cytometry) and reconstructed phylogenetic relationships (using nrITS sequences). Cleisostoma yersinii differs from its putative closest relative C. birmanicum in wider and shorter leaves, larger flowers, distinct lip with S-shaped tip of the mid-lobe, and a shallow spur with two large nectar sacks separated by prominent calli and septum. Nectar is sucrose-dominant and very rich in sugars. Stomata are developed on both sides of the leaf and have prominent hyperstomatal chambers and substomatal cavities. Roots with well-developed exodermis and tracheoidal idioblasts are covered by a two-layer Vanda-type velamen. Chloroplasts occur not only in the cortex but are also abundant in the stele. Mean 1C-value was estimated to 2.57 pg DNA. An updated identification key is provided for SE Asian sections and all Vietnamese species of Cleisostoma. PMID:27008538

  11. A New Species of Cleisostoma (Orchidaceae) from the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in Vietnam: A Multidisciplinary Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponert, Jan; Trávníček, Pavel; Vuong, Truong Ba; Rybková, Romana; Suda, Jan

    2016-01-01

    A new species, Cleisostoma yersinii J. Ponert & Vuong, is described and illustrated based on the material collected in the Hon Ba Nature Reserve in southern Vietnam. In addition to conventional (macro)morphological examination we comparatively investigated root and leaf anatomy (using light and fluorescent microscopy), assessed nectar characteristics (using HPLC analysis), determined nuclear genome size (using DNA flow cytometry) and reconstructed phylogenetic relationships (using nrITS sequences). Cleisostoma yersinii differs from its putative closest relative C. birmanicum in wider and shorter leaves, larger flowers, distinct lip with S-shaped tip of the mid-lobe, and a shallow spur with two large nectar sacks separated by prominent calli and septum. Nectar is sucrose-dominant and very rich in sugars. Stomata are developed on both sides of the leaf and have prominent hyperstomatal chambers and substomatal cavities. Roots with well-developed exodermis and tracheoidal idioblasts are covered by a two-layer Vanda-type velamen. Chloroplasts occur not only in the cortex but are also abundant in the stele. Mean 1C-value was estimated to 2.57 pg DNA. An updated identification key is provided for SE Asian sections and all Vietnamese species of Cleisostoma.

  12. Měkkýši Hončovy hůrky u Příbora (Slezsko, Česká republika Molluscs of the Hončova Hůrka hill near Příbor (Silesia, Czech Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenka Kotarová

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Hončova Hůrka hill in Skotnice near Příbor is important mineralogical locality. It is formed by rocks of the te­schenite association. It was opened as relatively small picrite quarry with further enlargement due to gravel mi­ning up to present status. Quarries in general possess wide range of habitats. Moreover, teschenite rock association with its high calcium content is favourable environment for land snails. Altogether, 27 land snail species were found in Hončova Hůrka hill, of which four are concerned as near threatened (Ena montana, Vertigo pygmaea, Daudebardia rufa and Pupilla muscorum. This site thus has a potential as local refugium for endangered species and deserves our attention.

  13. Magnetocaloric properties of TbN, DyN and HoN nanopowders prepared by the plasma arc discharge method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shinde, K P; Jang, S H; Kim, J W; Kim, D S; Ranot, M; Chung, K C

    2015-12-21

    We report for the first time the synthesis of nanopowders of TbN, DyN and HoN crystallized in a cubic structure by the plasma arc discharge (PAD) method and investigate their magnetocaloric properties for magnetic refrigeration applications. The nitridization of terbium, dysprosium and holmium was obtained using a mixture of nitrogen and argon gas inside a discharge chamber with 4 kPa pressure. The structural and microstructural properties of these rare earth nitrides were investigated by using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The studied nitrides undergo a second-order ferromagnetic to paramagnetic phase transition at Curie temperatures of 35.7, 19.9 and 14.2 K for TbN, DyN and HoN, respectively. The magnetocaloric effects were estimated by calculating the magnetic entropy changes from the magnetization data sets measured at the different applied magnetic fields and temperatures. The changes in entropy -ΔSM were found to be 12.0, 13.6 and 24.5 J kg(-1) K(-1) at an applied magnetic field of 5 T.

  14. 14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

    CERN Multimedia

    Jean-claude Gadmer

    2011-01-01

    14th March 2011 - Australian Senator the Hon. K. Carr Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the ATLAS Visitor Centre with Collaboration Spokesperson F. Gianotti,visiting the SM18 area with G. De Rijk,the Computing centre with Department Head F. Hemmer, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer with Head of International relations F. Pauss

  15. 8 April 2013 - Indian Hon'ble Minister for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Sudini Jaipal Reddy in the LHC tunnel with K. Foraz, visiting the CMS cavern with Technical Coordinator A. Ball and Former Spokesperson T. Virdee, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer.

    CERN Multimedia

    Samuel Morier-Genoud

    2013-01-01

    8 April 2013 - Indian Hon'ble Minister for Ministry of Science & Technology and Ministry of Earth Sciences Shri Sudini Jaipal Reddy in the LHC tunnel with K. Foraz, visiting the CMS cavern with Technical Coordinator A. Ball and Former Spokesperson T. Virdee, signing the guest book with Director-General R. Heuer.

  16. 8 February 2017 - Sri Lanka Hon. Minister of Science, Technology and Research A. D. S. Premajayantha signing the International Cooperation Agreement concerning Scientific and Technical Cooperation in High-Energy Physics 2017 with CERN Director for International Relations C. Warakaulle.

    CERN Multimedia

    Brice, Maximilien

    2017-01-01

    Were present: Hon. A. D. Susil Premajayantha, Minister of Science, Technology and Research, Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka; H.E. Mr Ravinatha Aryasinha, Ambassador, Permanent Representative of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mrs Samantha Jayasuriya, Deputy Permanent Representative, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Ms Shashika Somaratne, Counsellor, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mr Gihan Indragupta, Member of Sri Lanka Foreign service and Head of the G15 Secretariat; Ms Dilini Gunasekera, Second Secretary, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka to the UN in Geneva; Mr Prageeth Herath , Supporting staff, Permanent Mission of Sri Lanka. CERN: Mr Andrzej Charkiewicz, CMS Ressources Manager; Ms Sofia Intoudi, Legal Officer; Dr Rüdiger Voss, Senior Adviser, International Relations; Ms Charlotte Warakaulle, Director for International Relations

  17. 'With a bit of tweaking…we could be great'. An exploratory study of the perceptions of students on working with older people in a preregistration BSc (Hons) Nursing course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duggan, Seana; Mitchell, Elizabeth A; Moore, Kevin D

    2013-09-01

    With ageing demographics, it is important that nurse education curriculum can prepare students to work with older people. To explore students' perceptions of working with older people and the extent to which their preregistration curriculum is preparing them for this role. A qualitative research design, incorporating focus groups in data collection. Four focus groups were held in January 2011, involving a total of 32 students undertaking a preregistration BSc (Hons) nursing degree course. An overt focus in the preregistration curriculum on acute and critical care and perceived deficits in care of older people content left some students feeling underprepared to work with older people and to challenge ritualistic practice. Clinical placement experience and mentor support appeared to be influencing students' decisions about whether they would consider working with older people in the future. Education providers should ensure that students are adequately prepared to work with older people and that students are supported when they observe poor practice. A finding that observation of ritualistic practice could prompt some students to consider working with older people, warrants further research. Implications for practice. Nurse educators should evaluate the content and delivery of their preregistration courses to ensure that the prerequisite knowledge, skills and attitudes required to work with older people are accorded appropriate value and attention. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  18. “Behandl dig selv med honning"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mejrup, Kristian; Bjerring-Nielsen, Mattias

    2015-01-01

    with a heavenly figure, a potent Joseph lookalike, who reveals to her inexpressible secrets mediated in an exuberant honeycomb. The revelatory capacity of honey is stylistically rendered by means of repetition, pleonasm, chorus, reprises and gestures. The encounter with “Das ganz Andere” does not leave Aseneth...... entirely perturbed and paralysed. In fact, her free speech and wits remain as if protected by a honeysweetened agency. The article emphasizes the necessity of a ‘conversion’ by the reader enabling him to grasp the sublime potential of the aesthetics of sweetness....

  19. Architecture, landscape architecture and interior- Hons B 2009

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Osman, A

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available time. This popular image is derived from whatever global �ows might be attracted to at a certain stage in time. In the 1990?s the image that many cities strove towards were that of high technology. This re- sulted in many urban brand identities.... The image of the creative city: Some re- �ections on urban branding in Turin. Cities. Vol. 25. pp. 370-382. Myburgh, Janri[I] THE ROLE OF TEMPORARY AND NARRATIVE ARCHITECTURE [3.] INTRODUCTION The intention of this document is to propose the in...

  20. Characterisation of recombinant pyranose oxidase from the cultivated mycorrhizal basidiomycete Lyophyllum shimeji (hon-shimeji

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamabhai Montarop

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The flavin-dependent enzyme pyranose 2-oxidase (P2Ox has gained increased attention during the last years because of a number of attractive applications for this enzyme. P2Ox is a unique biocatalyst with high potential for biotransformations of carbohydrates and in synthetic carbohydrate chemistry. Recently, it was shown that P2Ox is useful as bioelement in biofuel cells, replacing glucose oxidase (GOx, which traditionally is used in these applications. P2Ox offers several advantages over GOx for this application, e.g., its much broader substrate specificity. Because of this renewed interest in P2Ox, knowledge on novel pyranose oxidases isolated from organisms other than white-rot fungi, which represent the traditional source of this enzyme, is of importance, as these novel enzymes might differ in their biochemical and physical properties. Results We isolated and over-expressed the p2ox gene encoding P2Ox from the ectomycorrhizal fungus Lyophyllum shimeji. The p2ox cDNA was inserted into the bacterial expression vector pET21a(+ and successfully expressed in E. coli Rosetta 2. We obtained active, flavinylated recombinant P2Ox in yields of approximately 130 mg per L of medium. The enzyme was purified by a two-step procedure based on anion exchange chromatography and preparative native PAGE, yielding an apparently homogenous enzyme preparation with a specific activity of 1.92 U/mg (using glucose and air oxygen as the substrates. Recombinant P2Ox from L. shimeji was characterized in some detail with respect to its physical and catalytic properties, and compared to the well-characterised enzymes from Phanerochaete chrysosporium and Trametes multicolor. Conclusion L. shimeji P2Ox shows properties that are comparable to those of P2Ox from white-rot fungal origin, and is in general characterised by lower Km and kcat values both for electron donor (sugar as well as electron acceptor (ferrocenium ion, 1,4-benzoquinone, 2,6-dichloroindophenol. While L. shimeji P2Ox is the least thermostable of these three enzymes (melting temperature Tm of 54.9°C; half-life time of activity τ1/2 of 0.12 at 50°C and pH 6.5, P. chrysosporium P2Ox showed remarkable thermostability with Tm of 75.4°C and τ1/2 of 96 h under identical conditions.

  1. Students' first year experience of a BSc (Hons) in nursing: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gale, Julia; Ooms, Ann; Newcombe, Paul; Marks-Maran, Di

    2015-01-01

    All new nurses in England from 2013 will be educated at the point of registration to the degree level. A study was undertaken into the first-year experience of one cohort on the new degree programme at one university. The aim of the study was to evaluate nursing students' experience during the first year of the degree programme in terms of their engagement with the programme, its impact and value and their overall satisfaction. A mixed method qualitative and quantitative survey design was used. One cohort of students at one university in south west London was studied. In total 96 out of 256 students completed the online survey questionnaire (response rate=37.5%). Data were collected through an online questionnaire survey comprising Likert-style, demographic and open-ended questions. Data were analysed using SPSS version 19 and through the framework method. Students' responses were largely positive. Areas of concern expressed included assessment timings and juggling personal/family commitments with academic workload. Although some experienced a degree of stress in year 1 the majority indicated that stress was not a problem; some experienced little or no stress at all. Students were positive about the quality of teaching, support received, and their relationships with academic staff. Satisfaction with year 1 was high. A small percentage considered leaving during year 1. Factors that made them stay included personal motivation to succeed, family support and help from academic staff and mentors. Overall attrition rate is low. As nursing in England moves to an all-graduate profession at the point of registration it is timely to evaluate issues like attrition, the students' engagement with their academic and practice experience, the impact on them of their assignments/assessments, stressors, their perceptions of quality, what makes them stay and their overall satisfaction. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Accessing Reliable Health Information on the Web: A Review of the HON Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Célia; Gaudinat, Arnaud; Hanbury, Allan; Appel, Ron D; Ball, Marion J; Carpentier, Michel; van Bemmel, Jan H; Bergmans, Jean-Paul; Hochstrasser, Denis; Lindberg, Donald; Miller, Randolph; Peterschmitt, Jean-Claude; Safran, Charles; Thonnet, Michèle; Geissbühler, Antoine

    2017-01-01

    Accessing online health content of high quality and reliability presents challenges. Laypersons cannot easily differentiate trustworthy content from misinformed or manipulated content. This article describes complementary approaches for members of the general public and health professionals to find trustworthy content with as little bias as possible. These include the Khresmoi health search engine (K4E), the Health On the Net Code of Conduct (HONcode) and health trust indicator Web browser extensions.

  3. FAC: Flexible Atomic Code

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Ming Feng

    2018-02-01

    FAC calculates various atomic radiative and collisional processes, including radiative transition rates, collisional excitation and ionization by electron impact, energy levels, photoionization, and autoionization, and their inverse processes radiative recombination and dielectronic capture. The package also includes a collisional radiative model to construct synthetic spectra for plasmas under different physical conditions.

  4. In Support of Voluntary Desegregation: Testimony of Hon. Bobbi Fiedler, a Representative in Congress from the State of California.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiedler, Bobbi

    1982-01-01

    Presents a partial transcript of a Congressional committee hearing at which Representative Bobbi Fiedler of California testified in favor of voluntary desegregation methods rather than mandatory busing in order to implement the goals of school desegregation and equal education in Los Angeles, California. (MJL)

  5. An investigation of the relationship between ethnicity and success in a BSc (Hons) Physiotherapy degree programme in the UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Annabel; Norris, Meriel; Cassidy, Elizabeth; Naylor, Sandra; Marston, Louise; Shiers, Pam

    2015-06-01

    To explore the potential relationship between ethnicity and achievement within undergraduate physiotherapy education. A retrospective analysis of assessment marks awarded for academic and clinical modules. A London University offering undergraduate physiotherapy education. Four hundred forty-eight undergraduate students enrolled onto the Physiotherapy honours degree programme between 2005 and 2009. Marks awarded following academic or clinical assessment. These were modelled through multivariable regression analysis to evaluate the relationship between marks awarded and ethnicity. Differences were noted between ethnic categories in final programme success and across academic and clinical modules. Our multivariable analysis demonstrated students from Asian backgrounds had decreased odds of succeeding compared with white British students (adjusted OR 0.43 95%CI 0.24, 0.79 P=0.006), as had Black students (adjusted OR 0.42 95%CI 0.19, 0.95 P=0.036) and students from Other ethnic backgrounds (adjusted OR 0.41 95%CI 0.20, 0.87 P=0.020). This analysis of undergraduate physiotherapy students illustrated a persistent difference in attainment between students from white British and those from BME backgrounds. Heterogeneity in academic outcomes both within and between minority ethnic groups was illustrated. This study not only reinforces the need to consider ethnicity within physiotherapy education but also raises further questions about why physiotherapy students from BME groups perform less well than their white British peers. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  6. Fac

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2016-05-04

    May 4, 2016 ... of its definite benefit realize. In pro ect-based industry such as construction, KM is ... Key Words: Organizational performance, Knowledge management and Critical success factors. Introduction. Individuals and groups constantly ..... The Essence of. Multivariate Thinking: Basic. Themes and Methods: Basic.

  7. Guillem Fabre, “Pus dels majors” (BdT 216.2; Id., “Hon mais vey, pus truep sordeyor” (BdT 216.1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Paterson

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The historical circumstances of Guillem Fabre’s two surviving sirventes has given rise to widely divergent views. This essay builds on Parducci’s contextualisation of BdT 216.2 during the War of the Sicilian Vespers and the so-called Aragonese crusade by the French against Pere III of Aragon in 1284-1285. It argues that Guillem is likely to be referring to events say entre nos because Narbonne was the focal point of the gathering French army and preaching of the crusade. All other textual details are compatible with this period and best explained by this context. But while Parducci places the sirventes in May 1285, it must in fact have preceded the death of Martin IV on 29 March, since his speedily-appointed successor Honorius IV could not be blamed for not having preached a crusade against the heathen before the conflict degenerated into further atrocities. Furthermore a slightly earlier timing better explains the allusion to “the best-known man in the world”, the obvious candidate at this time being Charles of Anjou. Guillem probably composed BdT 216.2 during the build-up to war in 1284, before the death of Charles in January 1285, during the period of war preparations and propaganda speeches. It is also argued here that, pace Parducci, BdT 216.1 did not necessarily precede BdT 216.2.

  8. Does Entry Route Really Affect Academic Outcome? Academic Achievement of Traditional versus Non Traditional Entrants to BN(Hons) Pre-Registration Nursing Programmes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brimble, Mandy J.

    2015-01-01

    International trends for pre-registration nurse education at degree level alongside "widening access" initiatives mean that academic achievement of students entering via different educational routes is of interest to both higher and further education institutions. This article examines the academic achievement of students undertaking a…

  9. Suc Khoe La Quan Trong Hon Sac Dep! Health is better than beauty! A community-based participatory research intervention to improve cancer screening among Vietnamese women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nguyen, Anh B; Belgrave, Faye Z

    2014-05-01

    This paper examines community-based participatory research (CBPR) intervention approaches in promoting cancer-relevant outcomes for 102 Vietnamese women. Results indicated that the intervention was effective in promoting breast and cervical cancer knowledge, positive attitudes towards breast cancer screening, and breast cancer screening. Collectivism moderated the effect of the intervention on attitudes towards breast cancer screening. The intervention led to more favorable attitudes towards breast cancer screening for women with high levels of collectivism but not for women with low levels. Ethnic identity moderated the effect of the intervention on breast cancer screening: the intervention program led to higher probability of getting a clinical breast exam; however, this effect was more pronounced for women with low ethnic identity than for those with high ethnic identity. The study provides evidence for the effectiveness of culturally-tailored strategies in developing cancer screening interventions for the Vietnamese American population.

  10. Rational design, synthesis, and pharmacological properties of new 1,8-naphthyridin-2(1H)-on-3-carboxamide derivatives as highly selective cannabinoid-2 receptor agonists

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manera, Clementina; Saccomanni, Giuseppe; Adinolfi, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    derivatives were designed, synthesized, and tested for their affinities toward the human CB(1) and CB(2) cannabinoid receptors. Some of the reported compounds showed a subnanomolar CB(2) affinity with a CB(1)/CB(2) selectivity ratio greater than 200 (compounds 6, 12, cis-12, 13, and cis-13). Further studies...

  11. A Descriptive Analysis of First Term Attrition from Shore Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-03-01

    Chief NMPC Hon 813 KCM Conscientious Objection Hon 813 KCP Alien Hon 813 KDF Pregnancy Hon 813 KFC Erroneous Enlistment, Reenlistment, Hon Induction 813...JND Convenience of Government/Chief NMPC Gen 853 KCP Alien Gen 853 KDF Pregnancy Gen • . 853 KFC Erroneous Enlistment, Reenlistment, Gen Induction

  12. Microfluidics microFACS for Life Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, Donald W.; Hoover, Richard B.

    2010-01-01

    A prototype micro-scale Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorter (microFACS) for life detection has been built and is undergoing testing. A functional miniature microfluidics instrument with the ability to remotely distinguish live or dead bacterial cells from abiotic particulates in ice or permafrost of icy bodies of the solar system would be of fundamental value to NASA. The use of molecular probes to obtain the bio-signature of living or dead cells could answer the most fundamental question of Astrobiology: Does life exist beyond Earth? The live-dead fluorescent stains to be used in the microFACS instrument function only with biological cell walls. The detection of the cell membranes of living or dead bacteria (unlike PAH's and many other Biomarkers) would provide convincing evidence of present or past life. This miniature device rapidly examine large numbers of particulates from a polar ice or permafrost sample and distinguish living from dead bacteria cells and biological cells from mineral grains and abiotic particulates and sort the cells and particulates based on a staining system. Any sample found to exhibit fluorescence consistent with living cells could then be used in conjunction with a chiral labeled release experiment or video microscopy system to seek addition evidence for cellular metabolism or motility. Results of preliminary testing and calibration of the microFACS prototype instrument system with pure cultures and enrichment assemblages of microbial extremophiles will be reported.

  13. Frontal affinity chromatography (FAC): theory and basic aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasai, Ken-ichi

    2014-01-01

    Frontal affinity chromatography (FAC) is a versatile analytical tool for determining specific interactions between biomolecules and is particularly useful in the field of glycobiology. This article presents its basic aspects, merits, and theory.

  14. Development of movie caption translation lecture site using MobileMotion{sub TM}; MobileMotion{sub TM} wo mochiita jimaku hon'yaku koza site no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The site of Internet that performs the correspondence education for bringing up a movie caption translator was developed. Correspondence education that fully deepens understanding was obtained by distributing a motion picture using MPEG-4 distribution software (MobileMotion{sub TM}) and performing the learning based on bi-directional communication. HTML distribution and E-mail transmission and reception are done from Gaga Communications, and a MobileMotion{sub TM} file is distributed from the OnDemand Server of Toshiba. This reduces the communication traffic of heavy motion picture data. (translated by NEDO)

  15. EquiFACS: The Equine Facial Action Coding System.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jen Wathan

    Full Text Available Although previous studies of horses have investigated their facial expressions in specific contexts, e.g. pain, until now there has been no methodology available that documents all the possible facial movements of the horse and provides a way to record all potential facial configurations. This is essential for an objective description of horse facial expressions across a range of contexts that reflect different emotional states. Facial Action Coding Systems (FACS provide a systematic methodology of identifying and coding facial expressions on the basis of underlying facial musculature and muscle movement. FACS are anatomically based and document all possible facial movements rather than a configuration of movements associated with a particular situation. Consequently, FACS can be applied as a tool for a wide range of research questions. We developed FACS for the domestic horse (Equus caballus through anatomical investigation of the underlying musculature and subsequent analysis of naturally occurring behaviour captured on high quality video. Discrete facial movements were identified and described in terms of the underlying muscle contractions, in correspondence with previous FACS systems. The reliability of others to be able to learn this system (EquiFACS and consistently code behavioural sequences was high--and this included people with no previous experience of horses. A wide range of facial movements were identified, including many that are also seen in primates and other domestic animals (dogs and cats. EquiFACS provides a method that can now be used to document the facial movements associated with different social contexts and thus to address questions relevant to understanding social cognition and comparative psychology, as well as informing current veterinary and animal welfare practices.

  16. Ion acoustic instability of HPT particles, FAC density, anomalous ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The magnetic field perturbations interpretable as field aligned current (FAC) layers and the electrostatic turbulence possibly due to electrostatic ion acoustic instability driven by these currents are shown. The critical drift velocity of Hot Plasma Torus (HPT) electrons and the growth rate of ion acoustic wave as a function of ...

  17. Ion acoustic instability of HPT particles, FAC density, anomalous ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R. Narasimhan (Krishtel eMaging) 1461 1996 Oct 15 13:05:22

    Ion acoustic instability of HPT particles, FAC density, anomalous resistivity and parallel electric field in the auroral region. C S Jayasree1, G Renuka1 and C Venugopal2. 1Department of Physics, University of Kerala, Kariavattom, Trivandrum 695 581, India. e-mail: drgrenuka@netscape.net. 2Department of Physics ...

  18. 77 FR 39698 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-05

    ...-000, ER12-1343-000 and ER12-1345-000. \\2\\ Email record. \\3\\ Hons. Rodney Alexander, Steve Scalise, John Fleming, Charles Boustany Jr., MD, Bill Cassidy, MD and Jeff Landry. \\4\\ Email record. \\5\\ Hons...

  19. The effect of prophylactic knee bracing on proprioception ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    prioception in osteoarthritic and replaced knees. ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE. The effect of prophylactic knee bracing on proprioception performance in first division rugby union players. T H Kruger (BSc Hons Biokinetics, MSc Sports Injuries). M F Coetsee (BSc Hons Biokinetics, MSc, PhD). S Davies (BA Hons, MA ...

  20. Evaluation of galectin binding by frontal affinity chromatography (FAC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwaki, Jun; Hirabayashi, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Frontal affinity chromatography (FAC) is a simple and versatile procedure enabling quantitative determination of diverse biological interactions in terms of dissociation constants (K d), even though these interactions are relatively weak. The method is best applied to glycans and their binding proteins, with the analytical system operating on the basis of highly reproducible isocratic elution by liquid chromatography. Its application to galectins has been successfully developed to characterize their binding specificities in detail. As a result, their minimal requirements for recognition of disaccharides, i.e., β-galactosides, as well as characteristic features of individual galectins, have been elucidated. In this chapter, we describe standard procedures to determine the K d's for interactions between a series of standard glycans and various galectins.

  1. As facções cariocas em perspectiva comparativa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Lessing

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Entre os especialistas em segurança pública, tornou-se lugar-comum a idéia de que a guerra do tráfico no Rio de Janeiro é totalmente única no Brasil. Porém, essa afirmação é imprecisa. Organizações de narcotráfico em muitos aspectos comparáveis às facções cariocas existem em outros contextos urbanos. O que as diferencia é menos a capacidade de estabelecer o monopólio local sobre o comércio de drogas do que a resiliência da sua estrutura interna e, portanto, a duração da sua existência e dominação. Durante uma pesquisa de campo em nove comunidades de periferia de três cidades, observei não apenas uma alta variação nos graus de concentração entre os mercados locais de drogas, mas também de variação com o tempo dentro da mesma comunidade. Desta perspectiva, a estabilidade do mercado de drogas altamente concentrado do Rio de Janeiro pode ser visto como um equilíbrio único, no qual as forças de fragmentação operantes em outras cidades são neutralizadas por características específicas das facções cariocas. O meu argumento é o de que tais características decorrem do domínio exercido pelas facções sobre o sistema penitenciário desde antes do início da sua expansão para o comércio de drogas.It has become a commonplace that Rio de Janeiro’s guerra do tráfico is entirely unique within Brazil. In fact, this is inaccurate. Drug trafficking organizations that in many respects resemble Rio’s facções do exist in other urban contexts. What differentiates them is less the ability to establish a local monopoly on the drug trade than the resilience of their internal structure, and consequently the duration of their existence and domination. During field research in nine peripheral communities in three cities, I observed not only high variation in the degree of concentration between local drug markets, but also variation over time within single communities. In this light, the stability of Rio’s highly

  2. Blend Shape Interpolation and FACS for Realistic Avatar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkawaz, Mohammed Hazim; Mohamad, Dzulkifli; Basori, Ahmad Hoirul; Saba, Tanzila

    2015-03-01

    The quest of developing realistic facial animation is ever-growing. The emergence of sophisticated algorithms, new graphical user interfaces, laser scans and advanced 3D tools imparted further impetus towards the rapid advancement of complex virtual human facial model. Face-to-face communication being the most natural way of human interaction, the facial animation systems became more attractive in the information technology era for sundry applications. The production of computer-animated movies using synthetic actors are still challenging issues. Proposed facial expression carries the signature of happiness, sadness, angry or cheerful, etc. The mood of a particular person in the midst of a large group can immediately be identified via very subtle changes in facial expressions. Facial expressions being very complex as well as important nonverbal communication channel are tricky to synthesize realistically using computer graphics. Computer synthesis of practical facial expressions must deal with the geometric representation of the human face and the control of the facial animation. We developed a new approach by integrating blend shape interpolation (BSI) and facial action coding system (FACS) to create a realistic and expressive computer facial animation design. The BSI is used to generate the natural face while the FACS is employed to reflect the exact facial muscle movements for four basic natural emotional expressions such as angry, happy, sad and fear with high fidelity. The results in perceiving the realistic facial expression for virtual human emotions based on facial skin color and texture may contribute towards the development of virtual reality and game environment of computer aided graphics animation systems.

  3. Effect of Cr content on the FAC of pipe material at 150 .deg. C

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Tae Jun; Kim, Hong Pyo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-06-15

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of the carbon steel piping in nuclear power plants (NPPs) has been major issue in nuclear industry. During the FAC, a protective oxide layer on carbon steel dissolves into flowing water leading to a thinning of the oxide layer and accelerating corrosion of base material. As a result, severe failures may occur in the piping and equipment of NPPs. Effect of alloying elements on FAC of pipe materials was studied with rotating cylinder FAC test facility at 150 .deg. C and at flow velocity of 4m/s. The facility is equipped with on line monitoring of pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen(DO) and temperature. Test solution was the demineralized water, and DO concentration was less than 1 ppb. Surface appearance of A 106 Gr. B which is used widely in secondary pipe in NPPs showed orange peel appearance, typical appearance of FAC. The materials with Cr content higher than 0.17wt.% showed pit. The pit is thought to early degradation mode of FAC. The corrosion product within the pit was enriched with Cr, Mo, Cu, Ni and S. But S was not detected in SA336 F22V with 2.25wt.% Cr. The enrichment of Cr and Mo seemed to be related with low, solubility of Cr and Mo compared to Fe. Measured FAC rate was compared with Ducreaux's relationship and showed slightly lower FAC rate than Ducreaux's relationship.

  4. A new FACS approach isolates hESC derived endoderm using transcription factors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuqiong Pan

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available We show that high quality microarray gene expression profiles can be obtained following FACS sorting of cells using combinations of transcription factors. We use this transcription factor FACS (tfFACS methodology to perform a genomic analysis of hESC-derived endodermal lineages marked by combinations of SOX17, GATA4, and CXCR4, and find that triple positive cells have a much stronger definitive endoderm signature than other combinations of these markers. Additionally, SOX17(+ GATA4(+ cells can be obtained at a much earlier stage of differentiation, prior to expression of CXCR4(+ cells, providing an important new tool to isolate this earlier definitive endoderm subtype. Overall, tfFACS represents an advancement in FACS technology which broadly crosses multiple disciplines, most notably in regenerative medicine to redefine cellular populations.

  5. Humanoid Robot Head Design Based on Uncanny Valley and FACS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jizheng Yan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Emotional robots are always the focus of artificial intelligence (AI, and intelligent control of robot facial expression is a hot research topic. This paper focuses on the design of humanoid robot head, which is divided into three steps to achieve. The first step is to solve the uncanny valley about humanoid robot, to find and avoid the relationship between human being and robot; the second step is to solve the association between human face and robot head; compared with human being and robots, we analyze the similarities and differences and explore the same basis and mechanisms between robot and human analyzing the Facial Action Coding System (FACS, which guides us to achieve humanoid expressions. On the basis of the previous two steps, the third step is to construct a robot head; through a series of experiments we test the robot head, which could show some humanoid expressions; through human-robot interaction, we find people are surprised by the robot head expression and feel happy.

  6. Individualized FAC on bottom tab subassemblies to minimize adhesive gap between emitter and optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauer, Sebastian; Müller, Tobias; Haag, Sebastian; Beleke, Andreas; Zontar, Daniel; Baum, Christoph; Brecher, Christian

    2017-02-01

    High Power Diode Laser (HPDL) systems with short focal length fast-axis collimators (FAC) require submicron assembly precision. Conventional FAC-Lens assembly processes require adhesive gaps of 50 microns or more in order to compensate for component tolerances (e.g. deviation of back focal length) and previous assembly steps. In order to control volumetric shrinkage of fast-curing UV-adhesives shrinkage compensation is mandatory. The novel approach described in this paper aims to minimize the impact of volumetric shrinkage due to the adhesive gap between HPDL edge emitters and FAC-Lens. Firstly, the FAC is actively aligned to the edge emitter without adhesives or bottom tab. The relative position and orientation of FAC to emitter are measured and stored. Consecutively, an individual subassembly of FAC and bottom tab is assembled on Fraunhofer IPT's mounting station with a precision of +/-1 micron. Translational and lateral offsets can be compensated, so that a narrow and uniform glue gap for the consecutive bonding process of bottom tab to heatsink applies (Figure 4). Accordingly, FAC and bottom tab are mounted to the heatsink without major shrinkage compensation. Fraunhofer IPT's department assembly of optical systems and automation has made several publications regarding active alignment of FAC lenses [SPIE LASE 8241-12], volumetric shrinkage compensation [SPIE LASE 9730-28] and FAC on bottom tab assembly [SPIE LASE 9727-31] in automated production environments. The approach described in this paper combines these and is the logical continuation of that work towards higher quality of HPDLs.

  7. NYNJ_FAC: usSEABED FACies data for the New York-New Jersey Region

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The facies data layer (FAC) is a point coverage of known sediment samplings, inspections, and probings from the usSEABED data collection and integrated using the...

  8. ATL_FAC: usSEABED facies data for the entire U.S. Atlantic Coast

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The facies data layer (_FAC.txt) is a point coverage of known sediment samplings, inspections, and probings from the usSEABED data collection and integrated using...

  9. Nearly monotonic problems: A key to effective FA/C distributed sensor interpretation?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carver, N. [Southern Illinois Univ., Carbondale, IL (United States); Lesser, V.; Whitehair, R. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The functionally-accurate, cooperative (FA/C) distributed problem-solving paradigm is one approach for organizing distributed problem solving among homogeneous, cooperating agents. A key assumption of the FA/C model has been that the agents` local solutions can substitute for the raw data in determining the global solutions. This is not the case in general, however. Does this mean that researchers` intuitions have been wrong and/or that FA/C problem solving is not likely to be effective? We suggest that some domains have a characteristic that can account for the success of exchanging mainly local solutions. We call such problems nearly monotonic. This concept is discussed in the context of FA/C-based distributed sensor interpretation.

  10. Frontal affinity chromatography with MS detection (FAC-MS) in drug discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slon-Usakiewicz, Jacek J; Ng, William; Dai, Jin-Rui; Pasternak, Andrew; Redden, Peter R

    2005-03-15

    The emergence of a relatively new technique resulting from a combination of frontal affinity chromatography coupled with MS detection (FAC-MS) has extended the capabilities of MS in drug discovery and development. Its application in a broad range of biological systems, together with its label-free operation, relatively high throughput, ability to rank ligands and determine Kd, makes FAC-MS a universal tool enabling convenient and efficient screening in the identification of new potential drug leads. Here we will highlight FAC-MS screening studies and discuss where it can be applied in evaluating multiple protein-binding sites, protein-protein interactions and inactive proteins, and also in determining selectivity.

  11. Crystallization and Structure Determination of Fac-Triammin-Aquo-Oxalato-Cobalt (III)-Nitrate Monohydrate

    OpenAIRE

    Hrib, Cristian; Blaurock, Steffen; Edelmann, Frank

    2014-01-01

    The title compound, fac-triammin-aquo-oxalato-cobalt(III)-nitrate monohydrate, fac-[Co(NH3)3(C2O4)(H2O)]NO3·H2O (2), was prepared according to an original synthetic protocol published exactly 100 years ago by Alfred Werner by dissolving the indigo-blue non-electrolyte complex mer-triammin-chloro-oxalato-cobalt(III), mer-[Co(NH3)3(C2O4)Cl] (1), in boiling half-concentrated nitric acid. Contrary to the literature, it did not crystallize directly from the reaction mixture, but crystallization ...

  12. LaSalle D. Leffall, M.D., FACS and Leadership in American Surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britt, L D

    2017-12-12

    The term, Festschrift, is defined as a volume of learned articles or essays by colleagues and admirers, serving as a tribute to a scholar. The recognition of LaSalle D. Leffall, Jr., M.D., F.A.C.S. adds credence to the merits of such a tribute. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. 48 CFR 301.603-72 - FAC-C and HHS SAC certification requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... thereunder are not required to re-take training courses, but shall follow FAC-C training requirements when considering additional or required core training, if needed. See 301.603-74 for information regarding..., including additional HHS-specific training requirements for certain types of acquisitions, are specified in...

  14. 7 CFR 1945.18 - United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Agriculture Council (FAC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 13 2010-01-01 2009-01-01 true United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Food and Agriculture Council (FAC). 1945.18 Section 1945.18 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, RURAL BUSINESS-COOPERATIVE SERVICE, RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE...

  15. Dinámica de materia orgánica en el Parque Natural El Hon­do de Elche-Crevillente (España Dynamics of organic matter in the Nature Reserve El Hondo de Elche-Crevillente (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Córdoba

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Se estudió la variabilidad espacio­temporal de carbono orgánico en suelos del Parque Natural El Hondo de Elche-Crevillente en relación con la evolución en el tiempo y con el tipo de cubiertas vegetales. A su vez, se analizan los posi­bles cambios en el tiempo asociados al uso y a la gestión del territorio. Los resul­tados mostraron diferencias significativas (ANOVA pThe space-temporary organic carbon variability was studied in soils from Na­ture Reserve El Hondo in relation with its time evolution and with the vegetation covers. At the same time, the possible changes produced along the time associ­ated with the use and management of the territory were analyzed. The results re­vealed significant differences between su­perficial covers and periods of sampling (ANOVA p<0.05. The great diversity of covers and the anthropic use manifested the great space-temporary differences in the organic carbon content of these soils and the possibilities of sequestration of carbon in different soils present at the same environment.

  16. Crystallization and Structure Determination of Fac-Triammin-Aquo-Oxalato-Cobalt (III-Nitrate Monohydrate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristian G. Hrib

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, fac-triammin-aquo-oxalato-cobalt(III-nitrate monohydrate, fac-[Co(NH33(C2O4(H2O]NO3·H2O (2, was prepared according to an original synthetic protocol published exactly 100 years ago by Alfred Werner by dissolving the indigo-blue non-electrolyte complex mer-triammin-chloro-oxalato-cobalt(III, mer-[Co(NH33(C2O4Cl] (1, in boiling half-concentrated nitric acid. Contrary to the literature, it did not crystallize directly from the reaction mixture, but crystallization could be induced by saturating the solution with NaClO4. The structure of 2 has monoclinic (P21/n symmetry. The crystal structure displays an extensive array of N–H···O and O–H···O hydrogen bonding.

  17. Automated multiple ligand screening by frontal affinity chromatography-mass spectrometry (FAC-MS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, William; Dai, Jin-Rui; Slon-Usakiewicz, Jacek J; Redden, Peter R; Pasternak, Andrew; Reid, Neil

    2007-03-01

    High-throughput screening (HTS) efforts to discover "hits" typically rely on the large-scale parallel screening of individual compounds with attempts to screen mixtures of compounds typically and, unfortunately, giving rise to false positives and false negatives due to the nature of the HTS readout (% inhibition/activation above a defined threshold) that makes deconvolution virtually intractable. Bioaffinity screening methods have emerged as an alternative or orthogonal method to classic HTS. One of these methods, frontal affinity chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry detection (FAC-MS), although still a relatively new technique, is turning out to be a viable screening tool. However, to push FAC-MS more to the forefront as a moderate primary HTS system (or a secondary screening assay), automation needs to be addressed. An automated FAC-MS system is described using 2 columns containing immobilized hERbeta, whereby while 1 column is being regenerated, the other is being used. The authors are extrapolating that in a continuous 24-h operation, the number of ligands screened could potentially approach 10,000. In addition, preliminary structure-activity relationship binding information (typically not seen in early primary HTS) can be obtained by observing the rank order of the library members in the various mixtures.

  18. Effect of HNT on the Microstructure, Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Al/FACS-HNT Composites Produced by GPI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siewiorek, A.; Malczyk, P.; Sobczak, N.; Sobczak, J. J.; Czulak, A.; Kozera, R.; Gude, M.; Boczkowska, A.; Homa, M.

    2016-08-01

    To develop an optimised manufacturing method of fly ash-reinforced metal matrix composites, the preliminary tests were performed on the cenospheres selected from fly ash (FACS) with halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) addition. The preform made out of FACS with and without the addition of HNT (with 5 and 10 wt.%) has been infiltrated by the pure aluminium (Al) via adapted gas pressure infiltration process. This paper reveals the influence of HNT addition on the microstructure (analysis was done by computed tomography and scanning electron microscopy combined with energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy), thermal properties (thermal expansion coefficient, thermal conductivity and specific heat) and the mechanical properties (hardness and compression test) of manufactured composites. The analysis of structure-property relationships for Al/FACS-HNT composites produced shows that the addition of 5 wt.% of HNT to FACS preform contributes to receiving of the best mechanical and structural properties of investigated composites.

  19. Image files of PCR data plotted on the FACS profiles - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us Plab...earch . Data file File name: planaria_facs_profile.zip File URL: http://togodb.biosciencedbc.jp/togodb/view/plab...d License Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us Image files of PCR data plotted on the FACS profiles - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive ...

  20. The Fear-Avoidance Components Scale (FACS): Responsiveness to Functional Restoration Treatment in a Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain Disorder (CMPD) Population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neblett, Randy; Mayer, Tom G; Williams, Mark J; Asih, Sali; Cuesta-Vargas, Antonio I; Hartzell, Meredith M; Gatchel, Robert J

    2017-12-01

    To assess the clinical validity and factor structure of the Fear-Avoidance Components Scale (FACS), a new fear-avoidance measure. In this study, 426 chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder patients were admitted to a Functional Restoration Program (FRP). They were categorized into 5 FACS severity levels, from subclinical to extreme, at admission, and again at discharge. Associations with objective lifting performance and other patient-reported psychosocial measures were determined at admission and discharge, and objective work outcomes for this predominantly disabled cohort, were assessed 1 year later. Those patients in the severe and extreme FACS severity groups at admission were more likely to "drop out" of treatment than those in the lower severity groups (P=0.05). At both admission and discharge, the FACS severity groups were highly and inversely correlated with objective lifting performance and patient-reported fear-avoidance-related psychosocial variables, including kinesiophobia, pain intensity, depressive symptoms, perceived disability, perceived injustice, and insomnia (Ps<0.001). All variables showed improvement at FRP discharge. Patients in the extreme FACS severity group at discharge were less likely to return to, or retain, work 1 year later (P≤0.02). A factor analysis identified a 2-factor solution. Strong associations were found among FACS scores and other patient-reported psychosocial and objective lifting performance variables at both admission and discharge. High discharge-FACS scores were associated with worse work outcomes 1 year after discharge. The FACS seems to be a valid and clinically useful measure for predicting attendance, physical performance, distress, and relevant work outcomes in FRP treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain disorder patients.

  1. Latin America Report, No. 2713

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-27

    Deputy Lead- er Hon. Curl Thompson and Secretary General Senator Elodio Aragon . The crowds were also addressed by the Hon. Charles Wagner...Alii Kumar, of Alexander Village, Georgetown, is accused of obtaining by false pretences the sum of $1 000 from Hamsad Alii by pretending to be

  2. Focus Area Science Technology Summer Fellowship (FAST-SF)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Elected: 1974 Section: Engineering & Technology. Ramaswamy, Dr Guruvayur Subramanian B.E. (Hons.), C.E. (Hons.), M.S. & C.E.(Caltech), FNA. Date of birth: 3 October 1923. Date of death: 9 March 2002. Specialization: Structural Engineering Last known address: 'Sans Souci', E 119, 16th Cross Road, Besantnagar, ...

  3. The Malawi "hybrid medical graduates (1992-1998).

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hybridisation in learning goes back to medieval times when peripatetic .... Education in Science from Chancellor College. In the 1994 set, a female ... GG Adelola Adeloye. University of Malawi. Bsc Hons. Biology. Chemistry. (4). Bachelor of Education. Science. (4). University of London. Physiology. Bsc Hons. Microbiology.

  4. 78 FR 64192 - Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Extending the Public Comment Periods and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-28

    ... information meeting at the Hon-Dah Conference Center, 777 Highway 260, Pinetop, AZ 85935 (3 miles outside of...; (916) 929-7900. Hon-Dah Conference Center, 777 Highway 260, Pinetop, AZ 85935 (3 miles outside of... and to delist the gray wolf elsewhere, contact the Headquarters Office, Ecological Services; telephone...

  5. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    FNASc., Hon. FIEI, Hon. FNA Engg., for Assoc. US Natl Acad. Engg.,. Council Service: 1971-91, President: 1977-79, Vice President: 1974-76. Date of birth: 25 September 1920. Date of death: 3 January 2002. Specialization: Aerospace Engineering and Fluid Mechanics Last known address: Member, Space Commission, ...

  6. A cross-sectional analysis of medicine claims data

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Creative Commons licence CC-BY-NC 4.0. Inappropriate medicine prescribing in older South Africans: A cross-sectional analysis of medicine claims data. J A van Heerden, BPharm; J R Burger, BPharm, MPharm, PhD (Pharm Pract); J J Gerber, BSc (Pharm) Hons, BSc (Ind Pharm),. MSc (Ind Pharm) Hons, BSc (Pharmacol), ...

  7. The application of silicalite-1/fly ash cenosphere (S/FAC) zeolite composite for the adsorption of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jia; Xu, Fang; Wang, Deju; Huang, Jue; Cai, Weimin

    2009-06-15

    Silicalite-1/fly ash cenosphere (S/FAC) zeolite composite has been applied for batch adsorption of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) from water systems. Here the key experimental conditions, including the ratio of initial MTBE concentration to the amount weight of S/FAC, adsorption time and temperature, have been discussed in detail. The results show that approximately 93-95% MTBE could be adsorbed with initial concentration of MTBE solution 1000 microg l(-1). The column flow-through experiments also prove the high capacity of S/FAC composite for MTBE removal. The distinct advantages of S/FAC zeolite composite as adsorbent lie in (1) enhanced adsorption rate and capacity based on hierarchical micro and meso/macroporosity of S/FAC; (2) more easily operation and recycling process by assembly of nano-sized silicalite-1 zeolite on FAC support.

  8. Lysis matters: red cell lysis with FACS Lyse affects the flow cytometric enumeration of circulating leukemic blasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Einwallner, Elisa; Subasic, Almira; Strasser, Andrea; Augustin, Dorothea; Thalhammer, Renate; Steiner, Irene; Schwarzinger, Ilse

    2013-04-30

    The whole blood lysis method has become a standard procedure to remove red cells prior to immunophenotypic analysis of leukocytes. In the present study we investigated the influence of four different lysis protocols on the flow cytometric recovery of leukemic blasts. 32 blast cells containing blood samples were stained with anti-CD45 and anti-CD34 monoclonal antibody combinations. Red cell lysis was performed with FACS Lysing Solution and BD PharmLyse™ (Becton Dickinson and Company BD Biosciences, San Jose, CA; n=32) as well as Optilyse C and IOTest 3 (Immunotech SAS, Marseille; n=15 out of 32). Flow cytometric enumeration of blasts was performed on a FACS-Canto flow cytometer. The percentage of blasts after treatment with FACS Lyse was significantly smaller than after PharmLyse™ (pred cell lysis protocols for the application of flow cytometry in hematological neoplasms. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. FACS-based single-cell PCR data - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive [Life Science Database Archive metadata

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available switchLanguage; BLAST Search Image Search Home About Archive Update History Data List Contact us Plab... the FACS profiles . Data file File name: planaria_fbsc_pcr.zip File URL: ftp://ftp.biosciencedbc.jp/archive/plab...rain-db/LATEST/planaria_fbsc_pcr.zip File size: 1KB Simple search URL http://togodb.biosciencedbc.jp/togodb/view/plab...Update History of This Database Site Policy | Contact Us FACS-based single-cell PCR data - Plabrain DB | LSDB Archive ...

  10. PAC_FAC: Seabed facies data (combined components) for the continental margin of the U.S. Pacific Coast (California, Oregon, Washington) from usSEABED (pac_fac.txt)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The facies data layer (PAC_FAC.txt) is one of five point coverages of known sediment samples, inspections, and probes from the usSEABED data collection for the U.S....

  11. Synthesis of novel CeO2-BiVO4/FAC composites with enhanced visible-light photocatalytic properties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jin; Wang, Bing; Li, Chuang; Cui, Hao; Zhai, Jianping; Li, Qin

    2014-09-01

    To utilize visible light more effectively in photocatalytic reactions, a fly ash cenosphere (FAC)-supported CeO2-BiVO4 (CeO2-BiVO4/FAC) composite photocatalyst was prepared by modified metalorganic decomposition and impregnation methods. The physical and photophysical properties of the composite have been characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectra. The XRD patterns exhibited characteristic diffraction peaks of both BiVO4 and CeO2 crystalline phases. The XPS results showed that Ce was present as both Ce(4+) and Ce(3+) oxidation states in CeO2 and dispersed on the surface of BiVO4 to constitute a p-n heterojunction composite. The absorption threshold of the CeO2-BiVO4/FAC composite shifted to a longer wavelength in the UV-Vis absorption spectrum compared to the pure CeO2 and pure BiVO4. The composites exhibited enhanced photocatalytic activity for Methylene Blue (MB) degradation under visible light irradiation. It was found that the 7.5wt.% CeO2-BiVO4/FAC composite showed the highest photocatalytic activity for MB dye wastewater treatment. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  12. Community shifts of actively growing lake bacteria after N-acetyl-glucosamine addition: improving the BrdU-FACS method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tada, Yuya; Grossart, Hans-Peter

    2014-02-01

    In aquatic environments, community dynamics of bacteria, especially actively growing bacteria (AGB), are tightly linked with dissolved organic matter (DOM) quantity and quality. We analyzed the community dynamics of DNA-synthesizing and accordingly AGB by linking an improved bromodeoxyuridine immunocytochemistry approach with fluorescence-activated cell sorting (BrdU-FACS). FACS-sorted cells of even oligotrophic ecosystems in winter were characterized by 16S rRNA gene analysis. In incubation experiments, we examined community shifts of AGB in response to the addition of N-acetyl-glucosamine (NAG), one of the most abundant aminosugars in aquatic systems. Our improved BrdU-FACS analysis revealed that AGB winter communities of oligotrophic Lake Stechlin (northeastern Germany) substantially differ from those of total bacteria and consist of Alpha-, Beta-, Gamma-, Deltaproteobacteria, Actinobacteria, Candidatus OP10 and Chloroflexi. AGB populations with different BrdU-fluorescence intensities and cell sizes represented different phylotypes suggesting that single-cell growth potential varies at the taxon level. NAG incubation experiments demonstrated that a variety of widespread taxa related to Alpha-, Beta-, Gammaproteobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Actinobacteria, Firmicutes, Planctomycetes, Spirochaetes, Verrucomicrobia and Chloroflexi actively grow in the presence of NAG. The BrdU-FACS approach enables detailed phylogenetic studies of AGB and, thus, to identify those phylotypes which are potential key players in aquatic DOM cycling.

  13. MaqFACS (Macaque Facial Action Coding System can be used to document facial movements in Barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Églantine Julle-Danière

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Human and non-human primates exhibit facial movements or displays to communicate with one another. The evolution of form and function of those displays could be better understood through multispecies comparisons. Anatomically based coding systems (Facial Action Coding Systems: FACS are developed to enable such comparisons because they are standardized and systematic and aid identification of homologous expressions underpinned by similar muscle contractions. To date, FACS has been developed for humans, and subsequently modified for chimpanzees, rhesus macaques, orangutans, hylobatids, dogs, and cats. Here, we wanted to test whether the MaqFACS system developed in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta could be used to code facial movements in Barbary macaques (M. sylvanus, a species phylogenetically close to the rhesus macaques. The findings show that the facial movement capacity of Barbary macaques can be reliably coded using the MaqFACS. We found differences in use and form of some movements, most likely due to specializations in the communicative repertoire of each species, rather than morphological differences.

  14. Excited-state dynamics in fac-[Re(CO)3(Me4phen)(L)]+.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrocinio, Antonio Otavio T; Brennaman, M Kyle; Meyer, Thomas J; Murakami Iha, Neyde Y

    2010-11-25

    Excited-state dynamics in fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Me(4)phen)(cis-L)](+) (Me(4)phen = 3,4,7,8-tetramethyl-1,10-phenanthroline, L = 4-styrylpyridine (stpy) or 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethylene (bpe)) were investigated by steady-state and time-resolved techniques. A complex equilibrium among three closely lying excited states, (3)IL(cis-L), (3)MLCT(Re→Me(4)phen), and (3)IL(Me(4)phen), has been established. Under UV irradiation, cis-to-trans isomerization of coordinated cis-L is observed with a quantum yield of 0.15 in acetonitrile solutions. This photoreaction competes with radiative decay from (3)MLCT(Re→Me(4)phen) and (3)IL(Me(4)phen) excited states, leading to a decrease in the emission quantum yield relative to the nonisomerizable complex fac-[Re(CO)(3)(Me(4)phen)(bpa)](+) (bpa = 1,2-bis(4-pyridyl)ethane). From temperature-dependent time-resolved emission measurements in solution and in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) films, energy barriers (ΔE(a)) for interconversion between (3)MLCT(Re→Me(4)phen) and (3)IL(Me(4)phen) emitting states were determined. For L = cis-stpy, ΔE(a) = 11 (920 cm(-1)) and 15 kJ mol(-1) (1254 cm(-1)) in 5:4 propionitrile/butyronitrile and PMMA, respectively. For L = cis-bpe, ΔE(a) = 13 kJ mol(-1) (1087 cm(-1)) in 5:4 propionitrile/butyronitrile. These energy barriers are sufficient to decrease the rate constant for internal conversion from higher-lying (3)IL(Me(4)phen) state to (3)MLCT(Re→Me(4)phen), k(i) ≅ 10(6) s(-1). The decrease in rate allows for the observation of intraligand phosphorescence, even in fluid medium at room temperature. Our results provide additional insight into the role of energy gap and excited-state dynamics on the photochemical and photophysical properties of Re(I) polypyridyl complexes.

  15. FACS-Assisted CRISPR-Cas9 Genome Editing Facilitates Parkinson's Disease Modeling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan Arias-Fuenzalida

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Genome editing and human induced pluripotent stem cells hold great promise for the development of isogenic disease models and the correction of disease-associated mutations for isogenic tissue therapy. CRISPR-Cas9 has emerged as a versatile and simple tool for engineering human cells for such purposes. However, the current protocols to derive genome-edited lines require the screening of a great number of clones to obtain one free of random integration or on-locus non-homologous end joining (NHEJ-containing alleles. Here, we describe an efficient method to derive biallelic genome-edited populations by the use of fluorescent markers. We call this technique FACS-assisted CRISPR-Cas9 editing (FACE. FACE allows the derivation of correctly edited polyclones carrying a positive selection fluorescent module and the exclusion of non-edited, random integrations and on-target allele NHEJ-containing cells. We derived a set of isogenic lines containing Parkinson's-disease-associated mutations in α-synuclein and present their comparative phenotypes.

  16. Engineering a promiscuous pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase by a high throughput FACS screen

    KAUST Repository

    Hohl, Adrian

    2017-12-06

    The Pyrrolysyl-tRNA synthetase (PylRS) and its cognate tRNAPyl are used to facilitate the incorporation of non-canonical amino acids (ncAAs) into the genetic code of bacterial and eukaryotic cells by orthogonally reassigning the amber codon. Currently, the incorporation of new ncAAs requires a cumbersome engineering process composed of several positive and negative selection rounds to select the appropriate PylRS/tRNAPyl pair. Our fast and sensitive engineering approach required only a single FACS selection round to identify 110 orthogonal PylRS variants for the aminoacylation of 20 ncAAs. Pocket-substrate relationship from these variants led to the design of a highly promiscuous PylRS (HpRS), which catalyzed the aminoacylation of 31 structurally diverse lysine derivatives bearing clickable, fluorinated, fluorescent, and biotinylated entities. The high speed and sensitivity of our approach provides a competitive alternative to existing screening methodologies, and delivers insights into the complex PylRS-substrate interactions to facilitate the generation of additional promiscuous variants.

  17. Computed radiography plus rhythm software platform for FAC inspection in nuclear secondary circuit

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koetz, A.; Delannoy, L. [GE Sensing and Inspection Technologies, Skaneateles (United States); Knook, T. [EDF DTG, Grenoble (France)

    2011-07-01

    This paper will cover determining and ensuring proper follow up of Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) in secondary circuit of Nuclear Power Plant using digital radiography. What are the relevant parameters on the pipes and weld wall thickness reading. How precise and reliable are the data and how best to record and archive. One challenge always faced with inspections is how to share the data and gain expert opinion when the expert is on-site; with digital inspection data and the use of software tools this challenge can be overcome. As you begin to collect all the inspection data the true 'power of the data' can be unfolded. Archiving of digital inspection data provides the foundation of asset management, allowing you to look at trends over time throughout inspection results done in one plant or multiple locations around the world. This document describes the process and results of tests performed through digital radiographic technic for the detection and sizing of thickness losses in weld roots areas. The tests were performed according to a pre-established program including a phase of testing on standard blocks and tubes and a phase of testing on components with real defects. (authors)

  18. fac-[N,N′-Bis(3-chloro-2-fluorobenzylideneethylenediamine]bromidotricarbonylrhenium(I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoong-Kun Fun

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, [ReBr(C16H12Cl2F2N2(CO3], the Re atom is in a slightly distorted octahedral coordination environment with the three carbonyl ligands having a fac configuration. The diimine ligand is equatorial and is bonded to the Re centre in an N,N′-bidentate chelating fashion, with a bite angle of 77.7 (2°. The dihedral angle between the two benzene rings is 88.7 (6°. In the crystal structure, there are F...O [2.856 (9 Å], Cl...C [3.150 (8 Å] and O...C [2.984 (10 Å] contacts which are shorter than the sum of the van der Waals radii for these atoms. In addition, symmetry-related molecules are linked via intermolecular C—H...O, C—H...Br and the F...O interactions into one-dimensional chains extending along the a axis. The crystal structure is further stabilized by intermolecular π–π interactions [centroid–centroid distance = 3.571 (5 Å].

  19. Application of frontal affinity chromatography with mass spectrometry (FAC-MS) for stereospecific ligand-macromolecule interaction, detection and screening.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slon-Usakiewicz, Jacek J; Redden, Peter

    2009-01-01

    Using frontal affinity chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (FAC-MS) we have established a general stereoselective detection and screening method of intact racemates which can generate binding affinity information about the individual enantiomers that is also applicable to other ligand isomeric mixtures. FAC-MS has been shown to be a versatile technology utilizing direct binding in screening assays and extending its application toward chiral drug development, especially in the early discovery stages as well as its utility in secondary Structure-activity relationship (SAR) studies allow this platform to make a significant step toward facilitating the demand for pure enantiomeric drugs. Using renin, which is as an important drug target, we show that for detection and screening purposes there is no need to first use timely and costly methods of separating racemates in order to get precise information about the binding affinities of the composite enantiomers.

  20. Identifying the 630 nm auroral arc emission height: A comparison of the triangulation, FAC profile, and electron density methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Megan Gillies, D.; Knudsen, D.; Donovan, E.; Jackel, B.; Gillies, R.; Spanswick, E.

    2017-08-01

    We present a comprehensive survey of 630 nm (red-line) emission discrete auroral arcs using the newly deployed Redline Emission Geospace Observatory. In this study we discuss the need for observations of 630 nm aurora and issues with the large-altitude range of the red-line aurora. We compare field-aligned currents (FACs) measured by the Swarm constellation of satellites with the location of 10 red-line (630 nm) auroral arcs observed by all-sky imagers (ASIs) and find that a characteristic emission height of 200 km applied to the ASI maps gives optimal agreement between the two observations. We also compare the new FAC method against the traditional triangulation method using pairs of all-sky imagers (ASIs), and against electron density profiles obtained from the Resolute Bay Incoherent Scatter Radar-Canadian radar, both of which are consistent with a characteristic emission height of 200 km.

  1. Quality of Health Information on the Internet for Urolithiasis on the Google Search Engine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dwayne T. S. Chang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To compare the quality of health information on the Internet for keywords related to urolithiasis, to assess for difference in information quality across four main Western languages, and to compare the source of sponsorship in these websites. Methods. Health On the Net (HON Foundation principles were utilised to determine quality information. Fifteen keywords related to urolithiasis were searched on the Google search engine. The first 150 websites were assessed against the HON principles and the source of sponsorship determined. Results. A total of 8986 websites were analysed. A proportion of HON-accredited websites for individual search terms range between 2.5% and 12.0%. The first 50 websites were more likely to be HON-positive compared to websites 51–100 and 101–150. French websites searched were more likely to be HON-positive whereas German websites were less likely to be HON-positive than English websites. There was no statistically significant difference between the rate of HON-positive English and Spanish websites. The three main website sponsors were from government/educational sources (40.2%, followed by commercial (29.9% and physician/surgeon sources (18.6%. Conclusions. Health information on most urolithiasis websites was not validated. Nearly one-third of websites in this study have commercial sponsorship. Doctors should recognise the need for more reliable health websites for their patients.

  2. Quality of Health Information on the Internet for Urolithiasis on the Google Search Engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Dwayne T S; Abouassaly, Robert; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2016-01-01

    Purpose . To compare the quality of health information on the Internet for keywords related to urolithiasis, to assess for difference in information quality across four main Western languages, and to compare the source of sponsorship in these websites. Methods . Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles were utilised to determine quality information. Fifteen keywords related to urolithiasis were searched on the Google search engine. The first 150 websites were assessed against the HON principles and the source of sponsorship determined. Results . A total of 8986 websites were analysed. A proportion of HON-accredited websites for individual search terms range between 2.5% and 12.0%. The first 50 websites were more likely to be HON-positive compared to websites 51-100 and 101-150. French websites searched were more likely to be HON-positive whereas German websites were less likely to be HON-positive than English websites. There was no statistically significant difference between the rate of HON-positive English and Spanish websites. The three main website sponsors were from government/educational sources (40.2%), followed by commercial (29.9%) and physician/surgeon sources (18.6%). Conclusions . Health information on most urolithiasis websites was not validated. Nearly one-third of websites in this study have commercial sponsorship. Doctors should recognise the need for more reliable health websites for their patients.

  3. Comparison of methods and TAT assessment: Volumetric AQUIOS CL and bead-based FACS CANTO II cytometers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossi, Valentina; Infantino, Maria; Meacci, Francesca; Bellio, Emanuele; Bellio, Valerio; Ciotta, Giovanna; Priami, Fiorella; Sarzi-Puttini, Piercarlo; Atzeni, Fabiola; Li Gobbi, Francesca; Damiani, Arianna; Benucci, Maurizio; Manfredi, Mariangela

    2017-01-20

    Measurement of lymphocyte subpopulations is a crucial parameter in the diagnosis and monitoring of therapy in a wide variety of clinical conditions. We compared different flow cytometry-based methods to determine lymphocyte subsets counts of routine samples by volumetric AQUIOS CL (Beckman Coulter) and bead-based FACS CANTO II (BD Biosciences) cytometers. We evaluated the possible decrease of the labor intensive technical work using the fully automated AQUIOS CL system in the pre and post analytical steps in comparison with our routine flow cytometer FACS CANTO II, toward the reduction of laboratory analytical turnaround time (TAT). The analytical performance of AQUIOS CL flow cytometer compared with FACS CANTO II was evaluated testing 224 routine samples, attending the Immunology and Allergology Laboratory Unit, S. Giovanni di Dio Hospital, (Florence, Italy) between September and October 2015. Bland-Altman plot of the differences between the two methods showed an excellent agreement for absolute and percentage counts. Furthermore, the study showed that automated AQUIOS CL system is simple to be used during all analytical steps with a reduction of TAT. In routine conditions, AQUIOS CL flow cytometer could be a suitable tool for subpopulations subset analysis. © 2017 International Clinical Cytometry Society. © 2017 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

  4. Optofluidic biosensors: miniaturized multi-color flow cytometer and fluorescence-activated cell sorter (microFACS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Sung Hwan; Chen, Chun-Hao; Lo, Yu-Hwa

    2011-10-01

    We report a portable, low-cost, and high-performance microfluidics based fluorescence-activated cell sorter (microFACS) system to isolate E.coli. cells in combination with a modified specific fluorescence labeling method called tyramide signal amplification-fluorescence in situ hybridization (TSA-FISH). One of the primary challenges in studying bacterial communities that elude cell culturing is to isolate of low abundance bacteria cell from heterogeneous microbial samples. The proposed TSA-FISH protocol is flow cytometry compatible and yields about 10-fold enhancement in fluorescence labeling intensity over widely used standard FISH staining methods. Teflon AF coated optofluidic waveguide and space-time coding with a matched filter algorithm enhance its detection sensitivity. The microFACS is also able to enrich TSA-FISH labeled E.coli. cells by a factor of 223 with an integrated piezoelectric actuator and realtime control electronics system. The microFACS in conjunction with the modified TSA-FISH technologies demonstrates a highly effective and low cost solution potentially for the genomic complexity of complex bacterial communities.

  5. GMX_FAC: usSEABED facies data for the entire U.S. Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean (Puerto Rico and U.S. Virgin Islands)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The facies data layer (_FAC.txt) is a point coverage of known sediment samplings, inspections, and probings from the usSEABED data collection and integrated using...

  6. National Status and Trends, Benthic Surveillance Project Fluorescent Aromatic Compounds (FAC) Data, 1984-1991, National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The National Status and Trends (NSandT) Benthic Surveillance Fluorescent Aromatic Compounds (FAC) file reports the trace concentrations of Fluorescent Aromatic...

  7. The photophysics of fac-[Re(CO)3(NN)(bpa)](+) complexes: a theoretical/experimental study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sousa, S F; Sampaio, R N; Barbosa Neto, N M; Machado, A E H; Patrocinio, A O T

    2014-08-01

    The influence of the polypyridyl ligand on the photophysics of fac-[Re(CO)3(NN)(bpa)](+), bpa = 1,2-bis-(4-pyridyl)ethane and NN = 1,10-phenanthroline (phen), pyrazino[2,3-f][1,10]-phenanthroline (dpq), and dipyrido[3,2-a:2'3'-c]phenazine (dppz) has been investigated by steady state and time-resolved emission spectroscopy combined with theoretical calculations using time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT). The fac-[Re(CO)3(phen)(bpa)](+) is a typical MLCT emitter in acetonitrile with ϕ = 0.11 and τ = 970 ns. The emission lifetime and quantum yield decrease significantly in fac-[Re(CO)3(dpq)(bpa)](+) (ϕ = 0.05; τ = 375 ns) due to the presence of a close lying dark charge transfer state located at the pyrazine ring of dpq, as indicated by TD-DFT data. The luminescence of these complexes is quenched by hydroquinone with kq = (2.9 ± 0.1) × 10(9) and (2.6 ± 0.1) × 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1), respectively, for NN = phen or dpq. These values are increased respectively to (4.6 ± 0.1) × 10(9) and (4.2 ± 0.1) × 10(9) L mol(-1) s(-1) in the 1 : 1 H2O-CH3CN mixture. In this medium Stern-Volmer constants determined by steady-state and time-resolved measurements differ from each other, which is indicative of static quenching, i.e. the pre-association of hydroquinone and the complexes through hydrogen bonding between the remote N-atom in the bpa ligand (KA ≅ 1-2 × 10(1) L mol(-1)), followed by a concerted proton-electron transfer. In contrast to other investigated complexes, fac-[Re(CO)3(dppz)(bpa)](+) is weakly emissive in acetonitrile at room temperature (ϕ ≅ 10(-4)) and does not exhibit a rigidochromic effect. This photophysical behaviour as well as TD-DFT data indicate that the lowest lying triplet excited state can be described as (3)ILdppz. The results provide additional insight into the influence of the polypyridyl ligand on the photophysical properties of Re(I) complexes.

  8. Fluorescent activated cell sorting (FACS) combined with gene expression microarrays for transcription enrichment profiling of zebrafish lateral line cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallardo, Viviana E; Behra, Martine

    2013-08-15

    Transgenic lines carrying fluorescent reporter genes like GFP have been of great value in the elucidation of developmental features and physiological processes in various animal models, including zebrafish. The lateral line (LL), which is a fish specific superficial sensory organ, is an emerging organ model for studying complex cellular processes in the context of the whole living animal. Cell migration, mechanosensory cell development/differentiation and regeneration are some examples. This sensory system is made of superficial and sparse small sensory patches called neuromasts, with less than 50 cells in any given patch. The paucity of cells is a real problem in any effort to characterize those cells at the transcriptional level. We describe here a method which we applied to efficiently separate subpopulation of cells of the LL, using two distinct stable transgenic zebrafish lines, Tg(cldnb:gfp) and Tg(tnks1bp1:EGFP). In both cases, the GFP positive (GFP+) cells were separated from the remainder of the animal by using a Fluorescent Activated Cell Sorter (FACS). The transcripts of the GFP+ cells were subsequently analyzed on gene expression microarrays. The combination of FACS and microarrays is an efficient method to establish a transcriptional signature for discrete cell populations which would otherwise be masked in whole animal preparation. Copyright © 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Focus Area Science Technology Summer Fellowship (FAST-SF)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Mumbai), FNA, FNASc. Council Service: 1983-88; Vice-President: 1986-88. Date of birth: 30 June 1925. Specialization: Cosmic Rays and High Energy Physics Address: (Hon) Visiting Professor, School of Humanities, National Institute of Advanced ...

  10. Sarkar, Prof. Sabyasachi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    geoinorganic Chemistry, Structure-functional analogues of metallo-proteins, Carbon Quantum Dots, Bio-imaging. Address: Hon. Emeritus Professor, NAL Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Bengal Engineering & Science University, Shibpur, Botanic ...

  11. CLARIFYING THE HUMAN RIGHTS JURISDICTION OF THE SADC ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1991-01-07

    Hons), Dip in Human ... and LLD Candidate, Department of Jurisprudence, College of Law, University of South Africa. E- ...... See for example Louis Karel Fick v The Republic of Zimbabwe 2010 SADCT 8 (16 July 2010) wherein ...

  12. Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... to achieve this important distinction for online health information and services. Learn more about A.D.A. ... on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should not be used during any ...

  13. 75 FR 6239 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... Sciences 154 URE ProShares Ultra Inc Real Estate. 198 GLW Corning Inc 180 UTX United Technologies Corp. 170... Select Inc Sector SPDR Fund. 206 HON Honeywell 173 XRX Xerox Corp. International Inc 210 JOYG Joy Global...

  14. 75 FR 6233 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; NASDAQ OMX PHLX, Inc.; Notice of Filing and Immediate...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... Gilead Sciences 154 URE ProShares Ultra Inc. Real Estate. 198 GLW Corning Inc. 180 UTX United... Materials Select Inc. Sector SPDR Fund. 206 HON Honeywell 173 XRX Xerox Corp. International Inc. 210 JOYG...

  15. Programming Languages

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. V Rajaraman1 2. IBM Professor of Information Technology, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore 560012, India; Hon.Professor, Supercomputer Education & Research Centre Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India ...

  16. 76 FR 54797 - Investigations Regarding Certifications of Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... public hearing, provided such request is filed in writing with the Director, Office of Trade Adjustment... Wiring Harness Division. (State/One-Stop) 80353 The HON Company Owensboro, KY......... 08/10/11 08/09/11...

  17. A synthesis of lunar highlands compositional data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korotev, R. L.; Haskin, L. A.; Lindstrom, M. M.

    1980-01-01

    Based on compositions of lunar soils and endogeneous highland rocks and mineral phase relationships, a composition for the non-KREEP, mafic portion of the lunar highlands is determined through the use of a mixing model. It is found that the most common materials making up the surface highlands appear to be ferroan anorthosite (FAN) and a material of olivine norite composition (HON, highlands olivine norite) in roughly equal proportions. It is also found that the composition of HON is similar to that of the residual liquid from crystallization of FAN and that the proportion of FAN to HON at the lunar surface appears to be much higher than the phase relations allow for the extent of evolution of HON from a primitive plagioclase-saturated liquid. This is seen as implying an excess of FAN in the upper highlands.

  18. Biology as an Integrating Natural Science Domain A Proposal for ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 13; Issue 3. Biology as an Integrating Natural Science Domain: A Proposal for BSc (Hons) in Integrated Biology. Kambadur Muralidhar. Classroom Volume 13 ... Keywords. Biology; undergraduate teaching; conceptualised biology; reductionist biology.

  19. Pidu keelatud vilja auks / Shanti Broeng

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Broeng, Shanti

    2005-01-01

    Saagikoristusajal taani graafilise disaineri Rikke Larseni maakodus Põhja-Själlandil. R. Larsen teeb õuntest, marjadest ja lilledest taimeseadeid, mida ta müüb oma sisustuskaupluses Honning & Flora. 7 värv. ill

  20. Kwashiorkor

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a drought or other natural disaster, or during political unrest. These conditions are responsible for a lack ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  1. Environ: E00207 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ], Linolic acid, Lonicerin [CPD:C17557] Lonicera japonica [TAX:105884] Same as: D09140 Caprifoliaceae (hon...eysuckle family) Lonicera japonica flower bud; Standards for non-pharmacopoeial crude drugs ...

  2. THE NIGERIA DATA PROTECTION BILL: APPRAISAL, ISSUES, AND CHALLENGES

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Abubakar Sanni Aliyu

    2016-01-01

    .... It is in this regard that the Data Protection Bill was sponsored by Hon. Yakubu Dogara, member of the Federal House of Representatives, representing Bogoro/Dass/Tafawa Balewa Bauchi State, Nigeria...

  3. La Mycorhize a arbuscules : quels benefices pour I'homme et son ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    association mycorhizienne et agissent en tant que composants regulateurs assurant le hon fonctionnement de cette ... rendement et de la qualite des produits vegetaux et ( 5) une ... element indispensable a la vie de la plante. Ce compose ...

  4. Health On the Net's 20 Years of Transparent and Reliable Health Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, Célia; Appel, Ron D; Ball, Marion J; van Bemmel, Jan H; Bergmans, Jean-Paul; Carpentier, Michel; Hochstrasser, Denis; Lindberg, Donald; Miller, Randolph; Peterschmitt, Jean-Claude; Safran, Charlie; Thonnet, Michèle; Geissbühler, Antoine

    2016-01-01

    The Health On the Net Foundation (HON) was born in 1996, during the beginning of the World Wide Web, from a collective decision by health specialists, led by the late Jean-Raoul Scherrer, who anticipated the need for online trustworthy health information. Because the Internet is a free space that everyone shares, a search for quality information is like a shot in the dark: neither will reliably hit their target. Thus, HON was created to promote deployment of useful and reliable online health information, and to enable its appropriate and efficient use. Two decades on, HON is the oldest and most valued quality marker for online health information. The organization has maintained its reputation through dynamic measures, innovative endeavors and dedication to upholding key values and goals. This paper provides an overview of the HON Foundation, and its activities, challenges, and achievements over the years.

  5. Progeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  6. Vitiligo

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  7. Osteonecrosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  8. Tonometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  9. Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  10. Arrhythmias

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... urac.org). URAC's accreditation program is an independent audit to verify that A.D.A.M. follows ... the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should ...

  11. Synthesis, characterization and relativistic DFT studies of fac-Re(CO)3(isonicotinic acid)2Cl complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zúñiga, César; Oyarzún, Diego P.; Martin-Transaco, Rudy; Yáñez-S, Mauricio; Tello, Alejandra; Fuentealba, Mauricio; Cantero-López, Plinio; Arratia-Pérez, Ramiro

    2017-11-01

    In this work, new fac-Re(CO)3(PyCOOH)2Cl from isonicotinic acid ligand has been prepared. The complex was characterized by structural (single-crystal X-ray diffraction), elemental analysis and spectroscopic (FTIR, NMR, UV-vis spectroscopy) methods. DFT and TDDFT calculations were performed to obtain the electronic transitions involved in their UV-Vis spectrum. The excitation energies agree with the experimental results. The TDDFT calculations suggest that experimental mixed absorption bands at 270 and 314 nm could be assigned to (MLCT-LLCT)/MLCT transitions. Natural Bond Orbitals (NBO) approach has enabled studying the effects of bonding interactions. E(2) energies confirm the occurrence of ICT (Intra-molecular Charge Transfer) within the molecule.

  12. Contributions to the genus Hetaeria (Orchidaceae: Goodyerinae) in Vietnam

    OpenAIRE

    Ponert, Jan; Vuong, T. B.; Hanh, N.; Thanh, T.T.; Vy, N. T.; Rybková, R.; Tam, T. Q.

    2014-01-01

    As a result of Hon Ba nature reserve survey, Hetaeria finlaysoniana, previously recorded from Thailand, Myanmar and southern China, is newly recorded from Vietnam. Description of studied plants is presented together with notes on ecology and photographic documentation. These plants were collected in southern Vietnam (Hon Ba Nature Reserve, Khanh Hoa), which is located quite far from other known localities and thus a larger distribution of this possibly overlooked species could be expected. Ad...

  13. Pawcatuck River and Narragansett Bay Drainage Basins Water and Related Land Resources Study. Big River Reservoir Project. Volume II. Appendix A-G.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-01

    Charlestown, RI 02813 Box 695 7 Marion Drive Post Road Coventry, RI 02816 Matunuck, RI 02879 Mr. Oliver Kushman Ms. Linda Carmeroto Town Farm Road 83...GENERAL PUBLIC Mr. Gerald Donovan Ms. JoAnn Silva Ms. Mary Wilkins 113 Woodward Hall 131 Cleveland Street 49 South Main Street University of Rhode...Coventry, RI 02816 Johnston, RI 02919 Cranston, RI 02910 Hon. Marion G. Donnelly lion. Joseph DeAngelis Hon. Paul R. Durfv State Representative State

  14. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 6, Autumn/Winter 1994-95

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-11-01

    presence in Hon- duras at a facility known as Soto Cano Air Base. Joint Task Force-Bravo (JTF–B), directly subordinate to SOUTHCOM, consists of...assists Hon- duras in counterdrug actions.1 Since the United States has no base leasing agreement, its military presence is dependent on the express...points out that JTF–B contributes millions of dollars annu- ally to the local economy of Comay- agua and that the departure of Amer- ican troops

  15. Quality of Health Information on the Internet for Urolithiasis on the Google Search Engine

    OpenAIRE

    Dwayne T. S. Chang; Robert Abouassaly; Nathan Lawrentschuk

    2016-01-01

    Purpose. To compare the quality of health information on the Internet for keywords related to urolithiasis, to assess for difference in information quality across four main Western languages, and to compare the source of sponsorship in these websites. Methods. Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles were utilised to determine quality information. Fifteen keywords related to urolithiasis were searched on the Google search engine. The first 150 websites were assessed against the HON princ...

  16. Clickable, Hydrophilic Ligand for fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re/99mTc) Applied in an S-Functionalized ?-MSH Peptide

    OpenAIRE

    Kasten, Benjamin B.; Ma, Xiaowei; Liu, Hongguang; Hayes, Thomas R.; Barnes, Charles L.; Qi, Shibo; Cheng, Kai; Bottorff, Shalina C.; Slocumb, Winston S.; Wang, Jing; Cheng, Zhen; Benny, Paul D.

    2014-01-01

    The copper(I)-catalyzed azide?alkyne cycloaddition (CuAAC) click reaction was used to incorporate alkyne-functionalized dipicolylamine (DPA) ligands (1 and 3) for fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re/99mTc) complexation into an ?-melanocyte stimulating hormone (?-MSH) peptide analogue. A novel DPA ligand with carboxylate substitutions on the pyridyl rings (3) was designed to increase the hydrophilicity and to decrease in vivo hepatobiliary retention of fac-[99mTcI(CO)3]+ complexes used in single photon emi...

  17. Asymmetric distribution of the ionospheric electric potential in the opposite hemispheres as inferred from the SuperDARN observations and FAC-based convection model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lukianova, R.; Hanuise, C.; Christiansen, Freddy

    2008-01-01

    We compare the SuperDARN convection patterns with the predictions of a new numerical model of the global distribution of ionospheric electric potentials. The model utilizes high-precision statistical maps of field-aligned currents (FAC) derived from measurements made by polar-orbiting low-altitud...

  18. An improved flow cytometric method using FACS lysing solution for measurement of ZAP-70 expression in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekkema, Roelof; Tadema, Afke; Daenen, Simon M. G. J.; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C.; Mulder, Andre B.

    Background: B-cell expression of ZAP-70, normally expressed in T and NK cells, correlates with poor prognosis in B-CLL. Poor discrimination between ZAP-70 positive and negative cells hampers routine application of flow cytometry. We examined the usefulness of FACS Lysing Solution. Methods: ZAP-70

  19. A mammalian cell based FACS-panning platform for the selection of HIV-1 envelopes for vaccine development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim-Henrik Bruun

    Full Text Available An increasing number of broadly neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (bnMAb against the HIV-1 envelope (Env protein has been discovered recently. Despite this progress, vaccination efforts with the aim to re-elicit bnMAbs that provide protective immunity have failed so far. Herein, we describe the development of a mammalian cell based FACS-panning method in which bnMAbs are used as tools to select surface-exposed envelope variants according to their binding affinity. For that purpose, an HIV-1 derived lentiviral vector was developed to infect HEK293T cells at low multiplicity of infection (MOI in order to link Env phenotype and genotype. For proof of principle, a gp145 Env model-library was established in which the complete V3 domain was substituted by five strain specific V3 loop sequences with known binding affinities to nMAb 447-52D, respectively. Env genes were recovered from selected cells by PCR, subcloned into a lentiviral vector (i to determine and quantify the enrichment nMAb binders and (ii to generate a new batch of transduction competent particles. After 2 selection cycles the Env variant with highest affinity was enriched 20-fold and represented 80% of the remaining Env population. Exploiting the recently described bnMAbs, this procedure might prove useful in selecting Env proteins from large Env libraries with the potential to elicit bnMAbs when used as vaccine candidates.

  20. Study of field-aligned current (FAC), interplanetary electric field component (Ey), interplanetary magnetic field component (Bz), and northward (x) and eastward (y) components of geomagnetic field during supersubstorm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adhikari, Binod; Dahal, Subodh; Chapagain, Narayan P.

    2017-05-01

    A dominant process by which energy and momentum are transported from the magnetosphere to the ionosphere is known as field-aligned current (FAC). It is enhanced during magnetic reconnection and explosive energy release at a substorm. In this paper, we studied FAC, interplanetary electric field component (Ey), interplanetary magnetic field component (Bz), and northward (x) and eastward (y) components of geomagnetic field during three events of supersubstorm occurred on 24 November 2001, 21 January 2005, and 24 August 2005. Large-scale FAC, supposed to be produced during supersubstorm (SSS), has potentiality to cause blackout on Earth. We examined temporal variations of the x and y components of high-latitude geomagnetic field during SSS, which is attributed to the FACs. We shall report the characteristics of high-latitude northward and eastward components of geomagnetic field variation during the growth phase of SSS by the implementation of discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and cross-correlation analysis. Among three examples of SSS events, the highest peak value of FAC was estimated to be 19 μAm-2. This is shore up with the prediction made by Parks (1991) and Stasiewicz et al. (1998) that the FACs may vary from a few tens to several hundred μAm-2. Although this peak value of FACs for SSS event is much higher than the average FACs associated with regular substorms or magnetic storms, it is expedient and can be expect for SSS events which might be due to very high density solar wind plasma parcels (PPs) triggering the SSS events. In all events, during growth phase, the FAC increases to extremely high level and the geomagnetic northward component decreases to extremely low level. This represents a strong positive correlation between FAC and geomagnetic northward component. The DWT analysis accounts that the highest amplitude of the wavelet coefficients indicates singularities present in FAC during SSS event. But the amplitude of squared wavelet coefficient is found

  1. Department of Zoology, Fac

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    USER

    2015-01-07

    Jan 7, 2015 ... abundant species in the forest were Leptopelis macrotis, Phlyctimantis boulengeri and. Nectophryne afra each having ... Key Words: Distribution, Diversity, Nigeria, Vegetation, Forest and Savanna. Introduction. The first major threat to .... as under stones, fallen wood, panels, plastics and amongst leaf litter.

  2. Unequivocal identification of subpopulations in putative multiclonal Trypanosoma cruzi strains by FACs single cell sorting and genotyping.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helder Magno Silva Valadares

    Full Text Available Trypanosoma cruzi, the etiological agent of Chagas disease, is a polymorphic species. Evidence suggests that the majority of the T. cruzi populations isolated from afflicted humans, reservoir animals, or vectors are multiclonal. However, the extent and the complexity of multiclonality remain to be established, since aneuploidy cannot be excluded and current conventional cloning methods cannot identify all the representative clones in an infection. To answer this question, we adapted a methodology originally described for analyzing single spermatozoids, to isolate and study single T. cruzi parasites. Accordingly, the cloning apparatus of a Fluorescence-Activated Cell Sorter (FACS was used to sort single T. cruzi cells directly into 96-wells microplates. Cells were then genotyped using two polymorphic genomic markers and four microsatellite loci. We validated this methodology by testing four T. cruzi populations: one control artificial mixture composed of two monoclonal populations--Silvio X10 cl1 (TcI and Esmeraldo cl3 (TcII--and three naturally occurring strains, one isolated from a vector (A316A R7 and two others derived from the first reported human case of Chagas disease. Using this innovative approach, we were able to successfully describe the whole complexity of these natural strains, revealing their multiclonal status. In addition, our results demonstrate that these T. cruzi populations are formed of more clones than originally expected. The method also permitted estimating of the proportion of each subpopulation of the tested strains. The single-cell genotyping approach allowed analysis of intrapopulation diversity at a level of detail not achieved previously, and may thus improve our comprehension of population structure and dynamics of T. cruzi. Finally, this methodology is capable to settle once and for all controversies on the issue of multiclonality.

  3. CHO-K1 host cells adapted to growth in glutamine-free medium by FACS-assisted evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bort, Juan A Hernández; Stern, Beate; Borth, Nicole

    2010-10-01

    During the process of recombinant cell line optimisation for production of biopharmaceuticals, multiple cellular properties like robustness against stress, the attainment of high cell concentrations and maintenance of high viability must be considered to maximize protein yield. To improve growth and viability, glutamine is supplemented as an alternative energy source for rapidly dividing cells that oxidize glucose inefficiently. However, the resulting by-product ammonia is toxic at high concentrations and has a negative impact on protein glycosylation, a major quality-determining parameter of biopharmaceuticals. In this work, the CHO-K1 cell line was adapted to a chemically defined medium and suspension growth within 3 weeks. Subsequently, the glutamine concentration was stepwise reduced from 8 to 4 and 2 mM. After each reduction, both the final cell concentration in the batch and the viability decreased. To force a rapid evolution of cells to achieve high final cell concentrations, cells were seeded at high densities (10(7) cells/mL) and surviving cells were sorted by FACS or MACS when viability declined to 10% (typically after 24 h). Sorted cells were grown in batch until viability declined to 10% and viable cells recovered again. The final sorted population was able to reach comparable or even better viable cell concentrations and showed a significantly improved viability compared to their ancestors. The 2 mM glutamine-adapted cell line was directly transferred into glutamine-free medium and was able to grow at comparable rates without requiring further adaptation. Cells compensated the lack of glutamine by increasing their consumption of glutamate and aspartate.

  4. Correction of both spontaneous and DEB-induced chromosome instability in Fanconi anemia FA-C cells by FACC cDNA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stavropoulos, D.J.; Tomkins, D.J. [McMaster Univ., Hamilton (Canada); Allingham-Hawkins, D.J.; Buchwald, M. [Hospital Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario (Canada)

    1994-09-01

    Cells from all four Fanconi anemia complementation groups show hypersensitivity to cell-killing by mitomycin C (MMC), diepoxybutane (DEB) and other DNA cross-linking agents, and increased spontaneous and DEB-induced chromosome aberrations (CA). The extent of these phenotypes varies between lymphoblastoid cell lines from different complementation groups. Our data showed that the difference in MMC hypersensitivity and DEB-CA was not always coupled. While 230N (FA-B) had higher DEB-induced CA/cell than 536N (FA-C) (7.42 vs. 4.46 respectively), that latter was much more sensitive to cell-killing by MMC (dose at 10% survival, D{sub 10}: 5.2 vs. 1.2 ng/ml respectively). Strathdes et al. (1992) cloned a cDNA Fanconi anemia complementation group C (FACC) which complemented the hypersensitivity to MMC and DEB cell-killing of FA-C cells (536N) but not cells from the other three complementation groups. The present study was initiated to determine whether chromosome instability in 536N is also complemented by the FACC (FAC3) cDNA. The pREP4-FAC3 vector was transfected into 536N and transfectants selected with hygromycin B. The DEB D{sub 10} of 536N (1.0 {mu}M) was corrected to the control level (16.2 {mu}M for 3TO) by FACC (15.1 {mu}M for 536N-FACC), as previously demonstrated. Chromosome instability (cab, cse, ctb, cte) was determined without and with 0.1 {mu}g/ml DEB treatment. Spontaneous CA of 536N (0.30 aberrations/cell) was corrected to the control level (0.04 for 3TO) by FACC (0.06 for 536N-FACC). Similarly, the DEB-induced CA was corrected (2.74 for 536N vs. 0.06 and 0.02 for 3TO and 536N-FACC respectively). Thus, at least for FA complementation group C, hypersensitivity to cell-killing and chromosome instability are not dissociated and are most likely caused by the same gene defect.

  5. Exposure to hydrocarbons 10 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill: evidence from cytochrome P4501A expression and biliary FACs in nearshore demersal fishes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jewett, Stephen C; Dean, Thomas A; Woodin, Bruce R; Hoberg, Max K; Stegeman, John J

    2002-01-01

    Three biomarkers of hydrocarbon exposure, CYP1A in liver vascular endothelium, liver ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase (EROD), and biliary fluorescent aromatic compounds (FACs), were examined in the nearshore fishes, masked greenling (Hexagrammos octogrammus) and crescent gunnel (Pholis laeta), collected in Prince William Sound, Alaska, 7-10 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill (EVOS). All biomarkers were elevated in fish collected from sites originally oiled, in comparison to fish from unoiled sites. In 1998, endothelial CYP1A in masked greenling from sites that were heavily oiled in 1989 was significantly higher than in fish collected outside the spill trajectory. In 1999, fishes collected from sites adjacent to intertidal mussel beds containing lingering Exxon Valdez oil had elevated endothelial CYP1A and EROD, and high concentrations of biliary FACs. Fishes from sites near unoiled mussel beds, but within the original spill trajectory, also showed evidence of hydrocarbon exposure, although there were no correlations between sediment petroleum hydrocarbon and any of the biomarkers. Our data show that 10 years after the spill, nearshore fishes within the original spill zone were still exposed to residual EVOS hydrocarbons.

  6. Expression analysis of rare cellular subsets: direct RT-PCR on limited cell numbers obtained by FACS or soft agar assays.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ho, Victor; Yeo, Shi Yun; Kunasegaran, Kamini; De Silva, Duvini; Tarulli, Gerard A; Voorhoeve, P Mathijs; Pietersen, Alexandra M

    2013-04-01

    Since tissues and tumors are heterogenous populations containing different cell types, their transcriptomes are blends of multiple mRNA expression profiles. Although fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) allows isolation of individual cell types, RNA isolation and quantification remain problematic from rare subsets, such as tissue stem cells. Likewise, identification of transcriptional changes relevant to the tumorigenic potential of mammalian cells while they are actively growing as colonies in soft agar is also hampered by limited amounts of starting material. Here we describe a convenient method that fills the gap between single cell and whole tissue mRNA analysis, enabling mRNA quantification for individual colonies picked from soft agar. Our method involves direct lysis, reverse transcription and quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) on 500 sorted cells or a single soft agar colony, thus allowing evaluation of up to 20 transcripts in functionally distinct subpopulations without the need for RNA isolation or amplification.

  7. Prototipo de simulador de tornado para el combate Aéreo No. 3 (CACOM 3 de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Mario Cárdenas Cabrera

    2012-09-01

    El comando CACOM 3 de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (FAC ha tomado la iniciativa en este aspecto y se ha dado a la tarea de estudiar este fenómeno, trabajando en el diseño de un simulador de tornados a escala, con base en el ya existente, desarrollado por el phD. Harald Eddens, introdujo modificaciones que permitan, además de generar el fenómeno, medir y controlar a través de dispositivos electrónicos algunas variables ambientales. Estos dispositivos permitirán iniciar estudios desde el comando y servir de apoyo para labores de educación de la población vulnerable en cuanto a entender cómo se forma un tornado.

  8. Intersystem-crossing and phosphorescence rates in fac-Ir{sup III}(ppy){sub 3}: A theoretical study involving multi-reference configuration interaction wavefunctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kleinschmidt, Martin; Marian, Christel M., E-mail: Christel.Marian@hhu.de [Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry, Heinrich-Heine-University Düsseldorf, Universitätsstraße 1, 40225 Düsseldorf (Germany); Wüllen, Christoph van [Fachbereich Chemie and Forschungszentrum OPTIMAS, Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Erwin-Schrödinger-Straße 52, 67663 Kaiserslautern (Germany)

    2015-03-07

    We have employed combined density functional theory and multi-reference configuration interaction methods including spin–orbit coupling (SOC) effects to investigate the photophysics of the green phosphorescent emitter fac-tris-(2-phenylpyridine)iridium (fac-Ir(ppy){sub 3}). A critical evaluation of our quantum chemical approaches shows that a perturbational treatment of SOC is the method of choice for computing the UV/Vis spectrum of this heavy transition metal complex while multi-reference spin–orbit configuration interaction is preferable for calculating the phosphorescence rates. The particular choice of the spin–orbit interaction operator is found to be of minor importance. Intersystem crossing (ISC) rates have been determined by Fourier transformation of the time correlation function of the transition including Dushinsky rotations. In the electronic ground state, fac-Ir(ppy){sub 3} is C{sub 3} symmetric. The calculated UV/Vis spectrum is in excellent agreement with experiment. The effect of SOC is particularly pronounced for the metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) band in the visible region of the absorption spectrum which does not only extend its spectral onset towards longer wavelengths but also experiences a blue shift of its maximum. Pseudo-Jahn-Teller interaction leads to asymmetric coordinate displacements in the lowest MLCT states. Substantial electronic SOC and a small energy gap make ISC an ultrafast process in fac-Ir(ppy){sub 3}. For the S{sub 1}↝T{sub 1} non-radiative transition, we compute a rate constant of k{sub ISC} = 6.9 × 10{sup 12} s{sup −1} which exceeds the rate constant of radiative decay to the electronic ground state by more than six orders of magnitude, in agreement with the experimental observation of a subpicosecond ISC process and a triplet quantum yield close to unity. As a consequence of the geometric distortion in the T{sub 1} state, the T{sub 1} → S{sub 0} transition densities are localized on one of the

  9. Proposal of an individual scientometric index with emphasis on ponderation of the effective contribution of the first author: h-fac índex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregori Júnior, Francisco; Godoy, Moacir Fernandes de; Gregori, Francisco Ferreira

    2012-01-01

    In the individual assessment of a scientific performance, five scientometric indices have been used most: the h-index, the index g, the h-major index, the contemporary h-index and the normalized h-index. We propose an alternative index ("Index h-fac"), which considers positively the participation of the first author and that, by having a dynamic characteristic, continuously monitors his/her performance and is easily adaptable to particular or individual situations from different research groups. Results from the geometric mean between the original h-index as proposed by Hirsh and a correction factor ("fac", "first author commitment") and, in turn, this value is divided by the mean interval (in years) of all studies. The index emphasizes two scores (X and Y). These scores X and Y were obtained by asking to all 83 cardiovascular surgeons from Southern Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul) and Specialists, how they realistically estimated, in percentage, their effective contribution in each published paper in which they appeared as first author. Of the total, 80 (96.4%) responded. The average obtained was 78.0% and on this basis, the X score was established as 0.75 and the score Y as 0.25. The new index also considers the total number of citations as first author and as co-author, the average number of coauthors per publication and the total number of papers published. Theoretical examples are presented, discussing the main advantages of application. Serial evaluations in real world situations should be instituted to confirm the diagnostic and prognostic utility of this new index.

  10. Missouri River Reservoir System Analysis Model: Phase 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-01-01

    DSS --- ZWRITE Unit 73; Vera. 3: //GARRR-OAHE/FLOW/01JAN196O/ lHON /EXMPLl/ --- DSS --- ZWRITE Unit 73; Vera. 3: //OAHE/FLOW LOC/01JAN1960/l)40N...EXMPL1/ --- DSS --- ZWRITE Unit 73; Vera. 6: //OAHE/STOR7O1JAN196O/lMON/EXDQL1/ --- DSS --- ZWRITE Unit 73; Vers. 3: //OAHE/EVAP/0lJAN1960/ lHON /EXG4PL1...EXMPLl/ --- DSS --- ZWRITE Unit 73; Vera. 6: //BEND/STOR/O1JAN196O/ lHON /EDa4PL1/ --- DSS --- ZWRITE Unit 73; Vera. 3: //BEND/EVAP/0lJAN1960/lMON/EXO4PL1

  11. A multilingual evaluation of current health information on the Internet for the treatments of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Emily C; Manecksha, Rustom P; Abouassaly, Robert; Bolton, Damien M; Reich, Oliver; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2014-12-01

    To compare the quality of current Internet information on benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and its surgical and medical managements across four Western languages and a comparative analysis of website sponsors. BPH Internet information quality is particularly relevant in an era of expanding, minimally invasive and surgical therapies. However, no comprehensive analysis exists. World Health Organization Health on the Net (HON) principles may be applied to websites using an automated toolbar function. Using a search engine (www.google.com), 9,000 websites were assessed using keywords related to BPH and its medical and surgical treatment in English, French, German, and Spanish. The first 150 websites in each language had HON principles measured whilst a further analysis of site sponsorship was undertaken. Very few BPH websites had greater than ten per cent HON accredited with significant differences (Pinformative, ethical and reliable health websites on the Internet and direct patients to them.

  12. Co-Targeting Prostate Cancer Epithelium and Bone Stroma by Human Osteonectin-Promoter-Mediated Suicide Gene Therapy Effectively Inhibits Androgen-Independent Prostate Cancer Growth.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shian-Ying Sung

    Full Text Available Stromal-epithelial interaction has been shown to promote local tumor growth and distant metastasis. We sought to create a promising gene therapy approach that co-targets cancer and its supporting stromal cells for combating castration-resistant prostate tumors. Herein, we demonstrated that human osteonectin is overexpressed in the prostate cancer epithelium and tumor stroma in comparison with their normal counterpart. We designed a novel human osteonectin promoter (hON-522E containing positive transcriptional regulatory elements identified in both the promoter and exon 1 region of the human osteonectin gene. In vitro reporter assays revealed that the hON-522E promoter is highly active in androgen receptor negative and metastatic prostate cancer and bone stromal cells compared to androgen receptor-positive prostate cancer cells. Moreover, in vivo prostate-tumor-promoting activity of the hON-522E promoter was confirmed by intravenous administration of an adenoviral vector containing the hON-522E promoter-driven luciferase gene (Ad-522E-Luc into mice bearing orthotopic human prostate tumor xenografts. In addition, an adenoviral vector with the hON-522E-promoter-driven herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene (Ad-522E-TK was highly effective against the growth of androgen-independent human prostate cancer PC3M and bone stromal cell line in vitro and in pre-established PC3M tumors in vivo upon addition of the prodrug ganciclovir. Because of the heterogeneity of human prostate tumors, hON-522E promoter-mediated gene therapy has the potential for the treatment of hormone refractory and bone metastatic prostate cancers.

  13. Health information quality on the internet for bladder cancer and urinary diversion: a multi-lingual analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corfield, Julia M; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2017-07-12

    Bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion are faced with difficult decisions regarding mode of urinary diversion. Although these patients may use the Internet as a guide to diagnosis and treatment options, online resources remain largely unregulated leading to a great variation in quality of medical information. Further variation in quality is seen between languages. Fortunately, tools such as an automated toolbar developed by the World Health Organization Health on the Net (HON) Foundation exist to assist physicians in recommending quality online health information to patients. We set out to compare and assess the quality of Bladder cancer, Ileal conduit and Orthotopic Neobladder Web sites in 2016 on the basis of the HON principles for English language. The Google search engine imbedded with the HON toolbar was used to assess 1350 Web sites using the keywords "bladder cancer", "ileal conduit" and "orthotopic neobladder" in English, Italian and Spanish. The first 150 results of each search were identified and screened. A further analysis was completed comparing results between 2009 and 2016. Less than 20% of English, Italian and Spanish "bladder cancer" and urinary diversion ("ileal conduit" and "orthotopic neobladder") web sites are HON- accredited. HON-accredited web sites featured preferentially in the first 50 search results for bladder cancer (p=0.0001) and ileal conduit (p=0.03) web sites. Comparing 2016 results to 2009, percentage of HON-accreditation has not shown statistically significant change (-13%, p=0.23), while overall number of search results has increased (+44%). A lack of validation of bladder cancer sites is present, which is consistent across modes of urinary diversion (orthotopic neobladder and ileal conduit) and languages. It is important that physicians involved in the care of bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy and urinary diversion participate in the development of informative, ethical

  14. Comparative studies of S-bridged complexes of {sup 99m}Tc with fac(S)-[M(aet){sub 3}] (M = Rh{sup III}, Ir{sup III}; aet = 2-aminoethanethiolate)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amir, N.; Roohi, S.; Mushtaq, A.; Pervez, S. [Isotope Production Div., Pakistan Inst. of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan); Saeed, S. [Dept. of Medical Sciences, Pakistan Inst. of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Nilore, Islamabad (Pakistan)

    2009-09-15

    fac(S)-[Ir(aet){sub 3}] (aet = 2-aminoethanethiolate) is N3S3 metalloligand, which forms S-bridged polynuclear complexes with transition metal ions. A complex analogous to [Re{l_brace}Ir(aet{sub 3}){r_brace}{sub 2}]{sup 3+} was formed by the reaction of {sup 99m}TcO{sub 4}Na and fac(S)-[Ir(aet){sub 3}] in the presence of SnCl{sub 2}2H{sub 2}O. A simple method for radiollabelling of fac(S)-[Ir(aet){sub 3}] with {sup 99m}Tc was developed with radiolabelling efficiency higher than 99%. Effects of SnCl{sub 2} . 2H{sub 2}O concentration, time and pH on the radiolabelling efficiency were determined and compared with {sup 99m}Tc-[Rh(aet){sub 3}]. {sup 99m}Tc-[Ir(aet){sub 3}] was also characterized by electrophoresis, HPLC, biodistribution studies in rats and scintigraphy in rabbit. Higher uptake by kidneys showed rapid distribution of the labelled fac(S)-[Ir(aet){sub 3}]. Scintigrams show that liver, bladder and skeletal uptake were significant. The results of biodistribution showed that {sup 99m}Tc-[Ir(aet){sub 3}] uptake is quite rapid as compared to {sup 99m}Tc-[Rh(aet){sub 3}]. (orig.)

  15. The Collins Center Update. Volume 1, Issue 3, December 1999

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-12-01

    CDN), devel oped and executed the FORO DE ESTRATEGIA NACIONAL 2005 Hon­ du ras en el Siglo XXI (FEN 2005) {Na tional Strategy Forum 2005 Hon du­ ras...that partici pated included the Air Force Space Command, Air Combat Com mand, U. S. Atlan tic Fleet, and U.S. Pa cific Fleet. The CSL team provided...quire ments and deter mine the US Army medi cal force structure and logis tics needs in the 2018 time frame. It is antici pated that the game will

  16. Nursing and the health of the nation: schism or symbiosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, P A; Piper, S M

    1997-02-01

    In July 1992, the British government published its White Paper "The Health of the Nation, a Strategy for Health in England' (HON). The authors contend that this initiative has largely been accepted by the nursing profession with critical response to the HON being minimal. The authors argue that the medicalized negative interpretation of health and the narrow individualistic lifestyle-orientated definition of health promotion contained within the strategy ought to be rejected by nurses in favour of both a positive, holistic conception of health and a more humanistic health promotion methodology acknowledging the impact of structural-material factors influencing individual health related behaviour.

  17. educationUndergraduate: Journal of undergraduate research in education (Volume 9)

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholson, P.; McBroom, S.; Tomlinson, L.; Arthur, A.; Camp, D.; Martin, L.

    2017-01-01

    Contents\\ud Page\\ud Bridging pedagogical discontinuity: to what extent can play-based learning be sustained beyond children’s transition to Year 1?\\ud Philip Nicholson: BA (Hons) Education Studies and Sport\\ud Teacher talk or teaching talk? Teacher perspectives on effective strategies for the teaching of speaking and listening in primary classrooms.\\ud Sarah McBroom: BA (Hons) Education Studies and Sport\\ud Making marks: the road to literacy?\\ud An exploratory study into the role of the pract...

  18. Whistleblower Issues in the Nuclear Industry. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Clean Air and Nuclear Regulation of the Committee on Environment and Public Works, United States Senate, One Hundred Third Congress, First Session, July 15, 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-01-01

    This hearing concerns NRC's treatment of whistleblowers in the nuclear industry. Whistleblowers are defined as people who inform the NRC of nuclear safety concerns, or people who allege that they were intimidated and harassed by their employer because they raised safety issues. Testimony from the following is included in this volume: P. Blanch; A.W. Dahlbergy III CEO Georgia Power Co.; J. Goldberg, President, Nuclear Division, Florida Power and Light; A. Mosbaugh; Hon. Ivan Selin, NRC; Hon. David C. Williams, Inspector General, NRC.

  19. Health On the Net's 20 Years of Transparent and Reliable Health Information

    OpenAIRE

    Boyer Walther, Célia; Appel, Ron David; Ball, Marion J; van Bemmel, Jan H; Bergmans, Jean-Paul; Carpentier, Michel; Hochstrasser, Denis; Lindberg, Donald; Miller, Randolph; Peterschmitt, Jean-Claude; Safran, Charlie; Thonnet, Michèle; Geissbuhler, Antoine

    2016-01-01

    The Health On the Net Foundation (HON) was born in 1996, during the beginning of the World Wide Web, from a collective decision by health specialists, led by the late Jean-Raoul Scherrer, who anticipated the need for online trustworthy health information. Because the Internet is a free space that everyone shares, a search for quality information is like a shot in the dark: neither will reliably hit their target. Thus, HON was created to promote deployment of useful and reliable online health ...

  20. Representações sociais e território nas letras de funk proibido de facção

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andréa Rodriguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta, por meio de uma análise de letras de funk “proibido de facção”, uma leitura da territorialidade do tráfico de drogas nas favelas. Esse estilo musical, que expressa uma cultura específica da juventude urbana pobre, revela cenas de um cotidiano pouco conhecido pela maior parte da população. Para tal, foi realizada a análise do conteúdo de 50 letras de funk, de forma a se compreenderem questões que esse tipo de narrativa faz circular. Destaca-se o território e a territorialidade como categorias de análise que revelam a dinâmica que o tráfico de drogas impõe nos espaços populares da cidade e que incidem diretamente nas representações sociais e práticas dos moradores das favelas.

  1. Pyrazolyl conjugates of bombesin: a new tridentate ligand framework for the stabilization of fac-[M(CO){sub 3}]{sup +} moiety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alves, Susana; Correia, Joao D.G.; Santos, Isabel [Departamento de Quimica, Instituto Tecnologico e Nuclear, 2686-953 Sacavem (Portugal); Veerendra, Bhadrasetty [Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States); Sieckman, Gary L. [Research Division, Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital, Columbia, MO 65201 (United States); Hoffman, Timothy J. [Research Division, Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital, Columbia, MO 65201 (United States)]|[Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States)]|[Radiopharmaceutical Sciences Institute, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States); Rold, Tammy L. [Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States); Figueroa, Said Daibes [Radiopharmaceutical Sciences Institute, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States); Retzloff, Lauren [Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States); McCrate, Joseph [Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States); Prasanphanich, Adam [Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States); Smith, Charles J. [Department of Radiology, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States)]|[University of Missouri Research Reactor Center, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States)]|[Research Division, Harry S. Truman Memorial Veterans' Hospital, Columbia, MO 65201 (United States)]|[Department of Internal Medicine, University of Missouri-Columbia School of Medicine, Columbia, MO 65211 (United States)]. E-mail: smithcj@health.missouri.edu

    2006-07-15

    We have described the synthesis of tridentate pyrazolyl ligand frameworks for coordination to the fac-[*M(CO){sub 3}]{sup +} metal fragment (*M={sup 186/188}Re or {sup 99m}Tc). These ligands impart a degree of kinetic inertness on the metal center, warranting their study in biological systems. We herein report in vitro/in vivo radiolabeling investigations of a new series of pyrazolyl bombesin (BBN) conjugates radiolabeled via the Isolink kit. These new conjugates are based on the general structure [{sup 99m}Tc-pyrazolyl-X-BBN[7-14]NH{sub 2}], where X={beta}-alanine, serylserylserine or glycylglycylglycine. The pyrazolyl ligand is a tridentate ligand framework that coordinates the metal center through nitrogen donor atoms. The results of these investigations demonstrate the ability of these new conjugates to specifically target the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor subtype 2, which is overexpressed on human prostate PC-3 cancerous tissues. Therefore, these studies suggest the tridentate pyrazolyl ligand framework to be an ideal candidate for the design and development of low-valent {sup 99m}Tc-based diagnostic radiopharmaceuticals based on BBN or other targeting vectors.

  2. Influence of bidentate ligand donor types on the formation and stability in 2 + 1 fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re, (99m)Tc) complexes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayes, Thomas R; Bottorff, Shalina C; Slocumb, Winston S; Barnes, Charles L; Clark, Aurora E; Benny, Paul D

    2017-01-24

    In the last two decades, a number of chelate strategies have been proposed for the fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re, (99m)Tc) core in radiopharmaceutical applications. However, the development of new ligands/complexes with improved function and in vivo performance has been limited in recent years. Expanding on our previous studies using the 2 + 1 labeling strategy, a series of bidentate ligands (neutral vs. anionic) containing an aromatic amine in combination with monodentate pyridine analogs or imidazole were explored to determine the influence of the bidentate and monodentate ligands on the formation and stability of the respective complexes. The 2 + 1 complexes with Re and (99m)Tc were synthesized in two steps and characterized by standard radio/chemical methods. X-ray characterization and density functional theory analysis of the Re 2 + 1 complexes with the complete bidentate series with 4-dimethylaminopyridine were conducted, indicating enhanced ligand binding energies of the neutral over anionic ligands. In the (99m)Tc studies, anionic bidentate ligands had significantly higher formation yields of the 2 + 1 product, but neutral ligands appear to have increased stability in an amino acid challenge assay. Both bidentate series exhibited improved stability by increasing the basicity of the pyridine ligands.

  3. Cu-free 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition click reactions to form isoxazole linkers in chelating ligands for fac-[M(I)(CO)3]+ centers (M = Re, 99mTc).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottorff, Shalina C; Kasten, Benjamin B; Stojakovic, Jelena; Moore, Adam L; MacGillivray, Leonard R; Benny, Paul D

    2014-02-17

    Isoxazole ring formation was examined as a potential Cu-free alternative click reaction to Cu(I)-catalyzed alkyne/azide cycloaddition. The isoxazole reaction was explored at macroscopic and radiotracer concentrations with the fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) (M = Re, (99m)Tc) core for use as a noncoordinating linker strategy between covalently linked molecules. Two click assembly methods (click, then chelate and chelate, then click) were examined to determine the feasibility of isoxazole ring formation with either alkyne-functionalized tridentate chelates or their respective fac-[M(I)(CO)3](+) complexes with a model nitrile oxide generator. Macroscale experiments, alkyne-functionalized chelates, or Re complexes indicate facile formation of the isoxazole ring. (99m)Tc experiments demonstrate efficient radiolabeling with click, then chelate; however, the chelate, then click approach led to faster product formation, but lower yields compared to the Re analogues.

  4. Comparative kinetics of damage to the plasma and mitochondrial membranes by intra-cellularly synthesized and externally-provided photosensitizers using multi-color FACS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haupt, Sara; Malik, Zvi; Ehrenberg, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Photodynamic therapy (PDT) of cancer involves inflicting lethal damage to the cells of malignant tumors, primarily by singlet oxygen that is generated following light-absorption in a photosensitizer molecule. Dysfunction of cells is manifested in many ways, including peroxidation of cellular components, membrane rupture, depolarization of electric potentials, termination of mitochondrial activity, onset of apoptosis and necrosis and eventually cell lysis. These events do not necessarily occur in linear fashion and different types of damage to cell components occur, most probably, in parallel. In this report we measured the relative rates of damage to two cellular membranes: the plasma membrane and the mitochondrial membrane. We employed photosensitizers of diverse hydrophobicities and used different incubation procedures, which lead to their different intra-cellular localizations. We monitored the damage that was inflicted on these membranes, by employing optical probes of membrane integrity, in a multi-color FACS experiment. The potentiometric indicator JC-1 monitored the electric cross-membrane potential of the mitochondria and the fluorometric indicator Draq7 monitored the rupture of the plasma membrane. We show that the electric depolarization of the mitochondrial membrane and the damage to the enveloping plasma membrane proceed with different kinetics that reflect the molecular character and intracellular location of the sensitizer: PpIX that is synthesized in the cells from ALA causes rapid mitochondrial damage and very slow damage to the plasma membrane, while externally added PpIX has an opposite effect. The hydrophilic sensitizer HypS4 can be taken up by the cells by different incubation conditions, and these affect its intracellular location, and as a consequence either the plasma membrane or the mitochondria is damaged first. A similar correlation was found for additional extracellularly-provided photosensitizers HP and PpIX.

  5. Cu-Free 1,3-Dipolar Cycloaddition Click Reactions To Form Isoxazole Linkers in Chelating Ligands for fac-[MI(CO)3]+ Centers (M = Re, 99mTc)

    OpenAIRE

    Bottorff, Shalina C.; Kasten, Benjamin B.; Stojakovic, Jelena; Moore, Adam L.; MacGillivray, Leonard R.; Benny, Paul D.

    2014-01-01

    Isoxazole ring formation was examined as a potential Cu-free alternative click reaction to CuI-catalyzed alkyne/azide cycloaddition. The isoxazole reaction was explored at macroscopic and radiotracer concentrations with the fac-[MI(CO)3]+ (M = Re, 99mTc) core for use as a noncoordinating linker strategy between covalently linked molecules. Two click assembly methods (click, then chelate and chelate, then click) were examined to determine the feasibility of isoxazole ring formation with either...

  6. Caesarean section wound infiltration with ropivacaine versus placebo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    75. Caesarean section wound infiltration with ropivacaine versus placebo: Survey of chronic pelvic pain after 4 years' follow-up. A A Bamigboye,1,2 MMed, FCOG (SA), PhD, Hon DL; J Hofmeyr,2,3 FRCOG, DSc; M Labeodan,4 PhD. 1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the ...

  7. 3l1rhiral ~nlIrnaL

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    With regard to function, the plasma membrane is equipped with adhesion molecules, receptors for leuco- attractants, opsonins and cytokines, as well as the unique. MRC Unit for Inflammation and Immunity, Department of Immunology,. Institute for Pathology, University of Pretoria. R. Anderson, B.SC. HONS, M.se., PH.D.

  8. Prevalence of vaginitis, syphilis and HIV infection in women in the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and HIV infection in women in the Orange Free State. Method. By cluster sampling, 120 rural (fann) and 120 urban (local authority) clusters, each containing 4 women, were selected. ... A. Muir, R.N.. P. Divall. C.F:I.CA. R. H. Barn, B.SC. HONS, M.B. CH.B. Health Services Branch, Provincial Administration of the Orange Free.

  9. GERIATRIC ASSESSMENT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    Hons (Epidemiology and Biostatistics), MSc. (Human Genetics). Head. Unit for Geriatric Medicine and Geratology. University of Stellenbosch and Academic. Hospital. Tygerberg. Dr Bouwens' current fields of interest are dementia and delirium, geriatric genetics ... Affective symptoms and/or a history of prior depression.

  10. Multiyear survey targeting disease incidence in US honey bees

    Science.gov (United States)

    The US National Honey Bee Disease Survey sampled colony pests and diseases from 2009 to 2014. We verified the absence of Tropilaelaps spp., the Asian honey bee (Apis cerana), and slow bee paralysis virus. Endemic health threats were quantified, including Varroa destructor, Nosema spp., and eight hon...

  11. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    groupsinGwagwaladaandanalyzedt'orthe meningitis, diam-hon] respiratory presence of pathogenic microorganisms, Syndromes ... results in, structural deformation, disfiguring, and for most of the time it gets dirty, chalky, dusty ... infections, gastro-intestinal tract infections and severe lung diseases (Feglo and Nkansa, 2010;.

  12. The cost of physical inactivity to a nation: the role of sports medicine ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sports medicine and its allied health professionals in preventing a crisis. CORRESPONDENCE: James Brown. UCT/MRC Research Unit for Exercise Science and Sports. Medicine. Sports Science Institute of South Africa. Newlands 7700. E-mail: James.Brown@uct.ac.za. James Brown (BSc (Med) (Hons) Exercise Science).

  13. Kartha, Dr Chandrasekharan Cheranellore

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Date of birth: 14 December 1951. Specialization: Cardiac Pathology, Cardiac Biology and Cell-based Therapies Address: Hon. Distinguished Professor, MM&DB, Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology, Jagathi, Thiruvananthapuram 695 014, Kerala Contact: Office: (0471) 252 9448. Residence: (0471) 243 4108

  14. Integrating Research-Informed Teaching within an Undergraduate Level 4 (Year 1) Diagnostic Radiography Curriculum: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Robert; Hogg, Peter; Robinson, Leslie

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the piloting and evaluation of the Research-informed Teaching experience (RiTe) project. The aim of RiTe was to link teaching and learning with research within an undergraduate diagnostic radiography curriculum. A preliminary pilot study of RiTe was undertaken with a group of level 4 (year 1) volunteer BSc (Hons) diagnostic…

  15. Entrance Qualifications Affect the Performance of Nutrition Students at University: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owusu-Apenten, Richard; Xu, Wen Li

    2012-01-01

    This study assessed the effect of admissions qualifications on the subsequent academic performances of BSc nutrition students at a UK university. Entrance qualifications for three groups (Grp01, Grp02, Grp03) reading for a BSc(Hons) degree in, Dietetics, Food & Nutrition or Human Nutrition (n = 105) were determined from their UCAS…

  16. PICTORIAL ESSAY Is anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Diagnostic Radiology, 2 Military Hospital, Wynberg, Cape Town. Sulaiman Moosa, MB ChB, MPhil, BSc Hons, FFRad Diag (SA). Corresponding author: B van der Merwe (attiemalan@mweb.co.za). We present a pictorial review of anomalous origin of the left vertebral artery observed in 5 patients imaged in ...

  17. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Liou, Tsan-Hon. Vol 35, No 2 (2013) - Articles Effect of a 12-week pilates course on body composition and cardiopulmonary fitness of adults living in an urban community. Abstract. ISSN: 0379-9069. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL ...

  18. Enhancing Productivity in Naval Aviation Training in a Market of Changing Demographics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-01

    having received a less desirable tour than they would have liked; many people talked about instructor burnout . In the face of this stress, the...Hon ors9 org. J201 -- - - -- a10% Profesional org. 01 U Yearbook~ -136- Fi~r 5. 27 fBondV PERCENT iSAACCESSIONSDrm INVOLVED IN SELECTED COLLEGE Drm

  19. Preliminary Investigation of the Role of Cellular Immunity in Estrous Cycle Modulation of Post-Resection Breast Cancer Spread

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    behavioral controls and/or daily light induced changes in melatonin or peripherally induced rhythms such as that resulting from feeding effects, may be...Kraemer HC, Spiegel D. Diurnal cortisol rhythm as a predictor of breast cancer survival. J Natl Cancer Inst 2000;92(12):994-1000. 48. Hon K, Zhang Q-H, Li H

  20. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PATTERN OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION AMONG COMMERCIAL ROAD TRANSPORT. WORKERS IN A SEMI-. URBAN COMMUNITY IN SOUTH WESTERN NIGERIA. T.C. Abiona, MBChB, FMCPH, Lecturer/Hon. Community Health Physician, Department of Community Health,. 0.0. Aloba, MBChB, Registrar in Psychiatry ...

  1. Dot Kids Name Act of 2001. Hearing before the Subcommittee on Telecommunications and the Internet of the Committee on Energy and Commerce. House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, First Session on H.R. 2417.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Energy and Commerce.

    This report contains the text of a hearing on the Dot Kids Domain Act of 2001, an act that would create an Internet domain that would contain only content suitable for children ages 13 and under. Prepared statements from the following individuals are presented: (1) Hon. W.J. "Billy" Tauzin, Chairman, Committee on Energy and Commerce; (2)…

  2. Language, cultural brokerage and informed consent – will ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2014-05-14

    May 14, 2014 ... Language, cultural brokerage and informed consent – will technological terms impede telemedicine use? C Jack, BMedSci (Hons), LLM; Y Singh, PhD; B Hlombe; M Mars, MB ChB, MD. Department of TeleHealth, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa.

  3. Factors predisposing to obesity: a review of the literature

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Review Article: Factors predisposing to obesity: a review of the literature. 2009 Volume 14 No 2. JEMDSA. Factors predisposing to obesity: a review of the literature. Ali AT, PhD. Crowther NJ, BSc(Hons), DPhil. Department of Chemical Pathology, National Health Laboratory Service, University of the Witwatersrand Medical ...

  4. 9 June 2016 - British Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Minister of State H. Swire MP signing the guest book with CERN Director-General F. Gianotti.

    CERN Multimedia

    Bennett, Sophia Elizabeth

    2016-01-01

    The Rt Hon Hugo Swire MP Minister of State Foreign and Commonwealth Office United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; in the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with Beams Department Head P. Collier and in ATLAS Visitor Centre with ATLAS Collaboration Spokesperson D. Charlton.

  5. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... Prankrishna M.A. (Cantab), D.Sc. (Hon.), FNA, FNASc. Date of birth: 1 April 1891. Date of death: 2 June 1978. Specialization: Plant Physiology and Agriculture ... Seasonal and Pandemic Influenza by Prof. Kanta Subbarao 25 January 2018 at 1600 hrs. Ground floor, Main auditorium, New Biological Sciences Building, IISc

  6. Educating for the 21st Century: Bringing Today's Classrooms into the Digital Age. Field Hearing of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Thirteenth Congress, First Session on Examining Educating for the 21st Century, Focusing on Bringing Today's Classrooms into the Digital Age (November 22, 2013, Charlotte, NC). Senate Hearing 113-821

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Senate, 2016

    2016-01-01

    This field hearing of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, focused on discussing new ways to use technology in the classroom. The committee met on Friday, November 22, 2013, in the media room, Phillip O. Berry Academy of Technology with Hon. Kay Hagan presiding. Opening remarks by Honorable Kay R. Hagan began with her stating…

  7. V Radhakrishnan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Radhakrishnan, Prof. Venkataraman B.Sc. (Hons) Council Service: 1971-94; Treasurer: 1977-94. Date of birth: 18 May 1929. Date of death: 3 March 2011. Specialization: Astronomy, Astrophysics and Aeronautics Last known address: Raman Research Institute, CV Raman Avenue, Bengaluru 560 080. YouTube; Twitter ...

  8. 40 CFR 63.1106 - Wastewater provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 10 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Wastewater provisions. 63.1106 Section... Technology Standards § 63.1106 Wastewater provisions. (a) Process wastewater. Except as specified in... source shall comply with the HON process wastewater requirements in §§ 63.132 through 63.148. (1) When...

  9. Oral Cancer Facts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this year. It will cause over 9,750 deaths, killing roughly 1 person per hour, 24 hours per day. Of those 49,750 newly diagnosed individuals, only ... this year. It will cause over 9,750 deaths, killing roughly 1 person per hour, 24 hours per day. Make a Donation Today! HON Certificate This site ...

  10. Obesity

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... M. is also a founding member of Hi-Ethics and subscribes to the principles of the Health on the Net Foundation (www.hon.ch). The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed physician should ...

  11. South African Journal of Child Health - Vol 3, No 2 (2009)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Paediatric trauma and safety in the media: An audit of its coverage in a South African broadsheet · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. JML Hon, AB (Sebastian) van As. http://dx.doi.org/10.7196/sajch.938 ...

  12. TEQSA Annual Report 2014-15

    Science.gov (United States)

    Australian Government Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This report informs Senator the Hon. Simon Birmingham, Minister for Education and Training, the Parliament of Australia, the Australian higher education community and the general public about the performance of the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA or the Agency) during the financial year ending 30 June 2015. Prepared…

  13. Compound heterozygosity for severe and hypomorphic NDUFS2 mutations cause non-syndromic LHON-like optic neuropathy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gerber, S.; Ding, M.G.; Gerard, X.; Zwicker, K.; Zanlonghi, X.; Rio, M. del; Serre, V.; Hanein, S.; Munnich, A.; Rotig, A.; Bianchi, L.; Amati-Bonneau, P.; Elpeleg, O.; Kaplan, J.; Brandt, U.; Rozet, J.M.

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Non-syndromic hereditary optic neuropathy (HON) has been ascribed to mutations in mitochondrial fusion/fission dynamics genes, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA-encoded respiratory enzyme genes or nuclear genes of poorly known mitochondrial function. However, the disease causing gene remains

  14. University of Malawi, Private Bag 360, Blantyre 3, Malawi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    J. E., Chisi, BSc (Hons), MBBS, PhD, Senior Lecturer, H. Misiri, BSc, MSc, Lecturer, Y. Zverev, MBBS, PhD, Associate Professor, College of Medicine,. University of Malawi, Private Bag 360, Blantyre 3, Malawi, A. Nkhoma, Diploma in Clinical Medicine, Nkhotakota District Hospital and J. M. Sternberg,. BSc, MSc, Senior ...

  15. Foraging behavior of the Blue Morpho and other tropical butterflies: The chemical and electrophysiological basis of olfactory preferences and the role of color

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inside a live butterfly exhibit housing a variety of tropical butterfly species under north-central Florida ambient conditions, we conducted bioassays to determine whether the presence of color would facilitate the location of attractants by the butterflies. In two separate bioassays, the baits (hon...

  16. Development of a beverage benchtop prototype based on sweet potato peels: optimization of antioxidant activity by a mixture design.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anastácio, Ana; Carvalho, Isabel Saraiva de

    2015-08-01

    A beverage benchtop prototype related to oxidative stress protection was developed based on sweet potato peels phenolics. Formula components were sweet potato peel (Ipomoeas batatas L.) aqueous extract (SPPE), sweet potato leaves water extract (SPLE) and honey solution (HonS). According to linear squares regression (LSR) models, SPLE presented higher additive effect on total phenolic content (TPC), FRAP and DPPH than the other components. All antagonist interactions were not significant. The optimum formula obtained by artificial neural networks (ANN) analysis was 50.0% of SPPE, 21.5% of SPLE and 28.5% of HonS. Predicted responses of TPC, FRAP, DPPH and soluble solids were 309 mg GAE/L, 476 mg TE/L, 1098 mg TE/L and 12.3 °Brix, respectively. Optimization with LSR models was similar to ANN. Beverage prototype results positioned next to commercial vegetable and fruit beverages, thus it has an interesting potential to the market of health and wellness.

  17. effect of 1% and 2% propofol on blood lipids during long- term

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    diagnosis and treatment of paediatric pneumonia. CMAJ 1997; 156: 5703-S711. 5. Von Schirnding J, Yach D, Klein M. Acute respiratory infections as an important cause of childhood deaths in South Africa. S Afr Med J 1991; 80: 79-82. 6. Shabir AM, Hon H. Descriptive study on 26 cases of HIV-1 uninfected children with.

  18. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    after previous surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. M K WierengaI final-year medical student (present address 36 Ernst Casimir Avenue,. Groningen, Netherlands). H S Cronjé, FCOG (SA), MD. E Beyer, BSc Hons. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein.

  19. Radiological changes among artistic gymnasts in Gauteng Province

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A Geldenhuys-Koolen,1 BSc (Physiotherapy), MSc (Med) (Exercise Science); D Constantinou,2 MB BCh, BSc (Med) (Hons), MSc (Med), FFIMS;. Y Coopoo,2 DPhil, FACSM ... injury, fracture or dislocation. Microtrauma occurs as a ... prevention and treatment is required; the findings in this study may lead to preventive ...

  20. Accuracy of internet recommendations for prehospital care of venomous snake bites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Sarah; Charlton, Nathan P; Holstege, Christopher P

    2010-12-01

    To evaluate the accuracy of Internet information regarding the prehospital care of venomous snake bites. Two major search engines were used to identify 48 Web sites regarding 6 prehospital treatment options for snake bite (removal of constrictive devices, ice, heat, electric shock, incision, and suction). Web sites were evaluated for their quality using the Health on the Net (HON) seal and Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks. Of the 48 Web sites reviewed, 26 (54.1%) contained inappropriate recommendations. The remaining 22 Web sites were appropriate regarding all modalities addressed. Among the Web sites reviewed, inappropriate treatment recommendations included: suction (14); ice (6); incision (4); electric shock (1). Five Web sites that met all 4 JAMA benchmarks and the HON seal included 3 inappropriate treatment recommendations. Conversely, the 5 Web sites that met none of the JAMA benchmarks nor included the HON seal included only 2 inappropriate treatment measures. This study highlights the variety of misinformation available on the Internet regarding prehospital care of snake bites, and the unreliability of the HON seal and JAMA benchmarks as markers of accuracy. As the Internet becomes an increasing source of medical information for both the public and clinicians, the importance of accurate Web sites becomes imperative. Clinicians and lay people should be aware of the high variability of Internet information regarding snake bite prehospital care. Copyright © 2010 Wilderness Medical Society. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Untitled

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1954-04-29

    BY E. S. NARAYANAN, M.A., PH.D. (LOND.), D.I.C., F.R.E.S., F.E.S.I., F.A.Sc. AND. KUNDAN LAL, M.Sc. (HONS.) (Indiam Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi). Received April 29, 1954. CONTENTS PAGE. THE TRIBE LISSONOTINI * * * & * .. 183. THE GENUs Stictolissonota CAMERON .. * £* .. 184. THE GENUS ...

  2. Development of Health Education Learning Module in Bac.TSE-LDPE Programme in TTI: Needs Analysis Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ujang, Alijah; Alias, Norlidah; Siraj, Saedah

    2015-01-01

    This study is to explore the need to develop learning modules of health education for trainee teachers in the Bachelor Of Teaching (Hons)(Special Education-Learning Disabilities For Primary Education) Programme (Bac.TSE-LDPE) in the Teacher Training Institute (TTI). The questionnaire uses the Likert scale with the close ended questions analysed by…

  3. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-20

    May 20, 2016 ... symptoms of burnout include 'emotional, cognitive, behavioural and physical ... Perceived stressors of oral hygiene students in the dental environment. N A Gordon,1 DipOH, BA, MPH, Dip Adult Education; C A Rayner,1 DipOH, BA Hons, MA; V J Wilson,2 ..... is that UWC students have representation on.

  4. the south african hiv epidemic, reflected by nine provincial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A major deflection from the exponential growth patterns seen hitherto can be anticipated only once all or most of the highly populated provinces have traversed their respective points of inflection. Directorate: Health Systems Research, Department ofHealth, Pretoria. J P Swanevelder, BComm, BSc Hons, MSc. H G V Kiistner ...

  5. Friends of the National Library of Medicine

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home Current Issue Past Issues Friends of the National Library of Medicine Past Issues / Summer 2006 Table of Contents For ... Hon. Paul G. Rogers Chairman, Friends of the National Library of Medicine and former member of the U.S. Congress from ...

  6. CALIBRATION ET VALIDATION DU MODULE PHOSPHORE DU ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RECOMMANDATIONS SPECIFIQUES D'ENGRAIS: CALIBRATION ET VALIDATION DU MODULE PHOSPHORE DU MODELE NuMaSS. M. D. Doumbia, A. Sidibé, A. Bagayoko, M. A. Diarra, A. Bationo, R. A. Kablan, R. S. Yost, L. R. Hossner, F. M. Hons ...

  7. Analysis of United Nations Millennium Summit Speeches

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-04-01

    H.E. Hon. Sir Mekere Morauta, KT., MP, Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea 131 Paraguay H.E. Dr. Julio César Franco, Vice-President of the...Republic of Paraguay 132 Peru H.E. Ing. Alberto Fujimori, President of the Republic of Peru 133 Philippines H.E. Joseph Ejercito Estrada , President

  8. Electroencephalographic patterns in Ethiopian patients with epilepsy

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2mikitser

    2 Assistant Professor of Neurology (Hon), Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, and. Consultant Neurologist ..... epilepsy 105. Ethiop. J. Health Dev. 2012;26(2) including head injury and childhood central nervous system infections. Classification of epilepsy is based on the clinical picture.

  9. Extracts of Tsai Tai (Brassica chinensis): enhanced antioxidant activity and anti-aging effects both in vitro and in Caenorhabditis elegans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jing; Zhang, Ju; Xiang, Yanxia; Xiang, Limin; Liu, Yongmei; He, Xiangjiu; Zhou, Xiaoju; Liu, Xin; Huang, Zebo

    2016-02-01

    Tsai Tai is one of the most widely consumed Brassica vegetables in Asian countries because of its good taste and its nutritional benefits. This study evaluated the antioxidant capacity and possible associated health benefits of 3 Tsai Tai (Brassica chinensis) varieties, namely, Hon Tsai Tai, Pak Choi and Choi Sum. The DPPH radical scavenging ability and reducing power assays were performed to evaluate the in vitro activities of the extracts. Caenorhabditis elegans was used as an in vivo model for evaluation of beneficial health effects, including antioxidant activity and delayed aging. In vitro, the Hon Tsai Tai extract exhibited higher antioxidant activities than Pak Choi and Choi Sum, and the total phenolic contents were significantly correlated with the DPPH and RP values. In vivo, the three assayed Tsai Tai extracts significantly increased resistance against paraquat-induced oxidative stress with an increase in survival rates from 15% to 28% compared with controls. However, only the extract from Hon Tsai Tai significantly prolonged the lifespan of Caenorhabditis elegans, with an 8% increase in the mean lifespan with respect to controls. Further evidence of antioxidant protection was obtained by assessing ROS production via the DCF assay. The analyses of intracellular SOD activity and MDA content confirmed the existence of an antioxidant protective effect. These results suggest that Tsai Tai might serve as a good source of natural antioxidants, and in particular, Hon Tsai Tai could be explored as a potential dietary supplement to retard aging.

  10. Action Plan for Harnessing Science and Technology towards ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Fellow Profile. Elected: 1939 Section: Earth & Planetary Sciences. Venkiteshwaran, Sekharipuram Padmanabhaiyer B.A. (Hons.), FNA 1965-67. Date of birth: 15 February 1905. Date of death: 26 September 1985. Specialization: Instrumentation, Radio Meteorology and Wind Power. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  11. [Low molecular weight oxidation by-products produced during catalytic ozonation with ferric hydroxide of NOM fractions isolated from filtrated water].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Jin-Feng; Qiu, Jiao; Ma, Jun; Zhang, Tao; Chen, Zhong-Lin; Wang, Huan

    2009-03-15

    Natural organic matter (NOM) in a filtered river water from a water treatment plant was isolated and fractionated into six types of fractions. The aim of the work is to investigate the formation of the low molecular weight (LMW) oxidation by-products (i.e. aldehydes, ketones and ketoacids) after ferric hydroxide-catalyzed ozonation of individual NOM fractions. Results showed that catalytic ozonation could improve the reduction of the dissolved organic matter (DOC) and specific UV absorbance (SUVA) at 254 nm compared with ozonation alone. However, catalytic ozonation with ferric hydroxide could not produce less LMW oxidation by-products than ozonation. Hydrophobic neutral (HON) produced much higher yields of the LMW oxidation by-products than other fractions both during catalytic ozonation and ozonation alone, while the basic NOM fractions formed relatively lower productions of these by-products. Like the case of ozonation alone, the predominant contributors for the yields of aldehydes and ketoacids formed in catalytic ozonation were formaldehyde and pyruvic acid, respectively. Among these NOM fractions, HON produced the highest yields of the formaldehyde and pyruvic acid after catalytic ozonation. The yield of formaldehyde from HON was up to 71.6% of the total aldehydes and ketones, and the pyruvic acid concentration of HON was 78.6 microg/mg after catalytic ozonation. In addition, NOM fractions became more biodegradable after catalytic ozonation, because the percent of total LMW by-products carbon in the final DOC after catalytic ozonation was higher than ozonation alone.

  12. Taevalikku rõõmu maisest sisustusest / Shanti Broeng

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Broeng, Shanti

    2005-01-01

    Taani graafilise disaineri Rikke Larseni, tema abikaasa Larsi ja tütre Camille kodust 200-aastases maamajas Skibbys. Maja on sisustatud vana mööbli ja vanade esemetega. R. Larsen asutas koos emaga sisustuskaupluse Honning & Flora. 13 värv. ill

  13. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Key issues in clinic functioning - a case study of two ... Department of Behavioural Medicine, Nelson R Mandela School of Medicine, Univer- sity of KwaZulu-Natal. B M Harvey, BA Hons, MA ... Conclusions. This research provides lessons regarding key issues in clinic functioning which can make a ...

  14. Genesee River Basin Study; Reconnaissance Report. Volume 1. Main Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    Charles E. Gilbert , Assistant Chief, Engineering Division; John Zorich, Chief, Planning Division; and Daniel T. Kelly, Chief Plan Formulation Branch...strtictur- of rle Cenesee River lisin is char; icterized h- .i bed rock "founda tion" mainly of D~evo nian and SilIur ian age , some t hon sands of feet in

  15. Evaluation of Health on the Net seal label and DISCERN as content quality indicators for patients seeking information about thumb sucking habit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shital Kiran, D P; Bargale, Seema; Pandya, Parth; Bhatt, Kuntal; Barad, Nirav; Shah, Nilay; Venkataraghavan, Karthik; Ramesh, K

    2015-08-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the reliability of websites on the thumb sucking habit using DISCERN instrument and Health on the Net (HON) seal code at a single moment in time. An Internet search engine (www.google.com) was used to identify websites comprising information on "thumb sucking habit." Of over 204,000 links for thumb sucking habit, the first 100 were analyzed in detail. After excluding discussion groups, news and video feeds, and removing carbon copy sites, only 36 relevant websites remained, which were then assessed using the DISCERN instrument and HON seal code. Using the 16 questions of DISCERN for assessing the reliability and quality of the consumer information which were scored from 1 to 5, an appropriate index of the quality of the information was generated. All the assessed websites were also checked for presence or absence of HON seal code. The maximum score attainable for an outstanding website is 80. Of the 36 websites that were scored the highest score obtained by one of the websites according to the DISCERN tool was 55 of 80, and the lowest score achieved was 16 of 80. The websites achieving the maximum and minimum score were children.webmd.com and thebehaviorsolution.com, respectively. The HON seal was displayed only in three websites, which were medicinenet.com, righthealth.com, and children.webmd.com. By directing patients to validated websites on the thumb sucking habit, clinicians can ensure patients find appropriate information.

  16. (SA Rugby) Youth Week players: a pilot study

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kathryn van Boom

    3 PhD, CSCS, C Readhead, 1,3 BSc. Physiotherapy, S Mc Fie,1 BSc (Hons), Neuroscience. 1 Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine, Department of Human. Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town,.

  17. Prof. P. Rama Rao | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    BSc. Hons. 56, MA 57; Andhra Univ.: MSc. 57; BHU, Varanasi: PhD. 64. Career: IISC, Bengaluru, Dept. of Metallurgy: Sr. Res. Asst 60-62; BHU, Varanasi, Dept. of Metallurgical Engg.: Lecturer 62-67, Reader 67-75, Prof. 75-82; Defence Metallurgical Res. Lab., Hyderabad: Director 82-91; Govt. of India, Dept. of Sc. and Tech.

  18. Building Relationships through a Digital Branch Library: Finding the Community in Community College Library Websites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pampaloni, Andrea M.; Bird, Nora J.

    2014-01-01

    This study evaluates whether or not community college libraries have in place the characteristics necessary to develop digital branch libraries to meet the expanding and changing needs of their publics. Using Hon and Grunig's (1999) relationship building criteria as a framework, 98 community college library websites were analyzed to determine…

  19. ORIGINAL ARTICLES

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    P Tsakiris, P E Cleaton-Jones, M A Lownie. Background. Airway management of the maxillofacial gunshot ... M A Lownie, BDS, Dip MFOS, FCMFOS, BA Hons. Gunshot wounds are now common in many countries but, in contrast ..... Fonseca RJ, Walker RV, eds. Oral and Maxillofacial Trauma. Philadelphia: Saunders, 1991: ...

  20. 100eme anniversaire de la théorie de la relativité Une BD romande : Mélanges Einstein (Albert) et l'histoire de la physique

    CERN Multimedia

    Tesnier, Grégory

    2005-01-01

    2005 has been delcared "Year of Physics" by UNESCO and ONU to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the theory of relativity, elaborated by Einstein (who lived in Bern). To hon. Einstein, an historical comic strip has been published (1 page)

  1. New Fellows and Honorary Fellow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1972 Section: Engineering & Technology. Kumaraswamy, Ponnambalam B.E. (Hons). Date of birth: 4 October 1930. Date of death: 9 March 1988. Specialization: Hydraulics, Hydrology and Computer Simulation. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  2. Charusita Chakravarty (1964–2016)

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-04-25

    Apr 25, 2016 ... 1964 as the only daughter of the econo- mists Sukhamoy and Lalita Chakravarty,. Charu grew up in a liberal academic en- vironment in Delhi. She chose ... and that of her father she joined B Sc. (Hons) in chemistry in St. Stephen's Col- lege, Delhi. After graduating from Delhi. University with a gold medal in ...

  3. Exploring the role of Islam in perceptions of mental illness in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thematic content analysis was used to analyse the transcribed data. Results. Psychiatrists subscribe to a more ... T Bulbulia, BA (Hons); S Laher, PhD. Department of Psychology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa ... It should be noted that the pool of Muslim psychiatrists in Johannesburg is not big.

  4. Students as Producers: An "X" Disciplinary Client-Based Approach to Collaborative Art, Design and Media Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cocchiarella, Fabrizio; Booth, Paul

    2015-01-01

    This article presents the findings of a cross-disciplinary project between BA (Hons) Interior Design, Creative Multimedia and Film and Media Studies at a large Metropolitan University in the North of England. The collaboration was part of Unit X, a faculty-wide credit-bearing initiative to enable better collaboration across art and design courses.…

  5. Prof. C. N. R. Rao | History | About IASc | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    _1991). Name: RAO, Chintamani Nagesa Ramachandra Elected 1965; Council Service: 1971-94; President: 1989-91; Vice-President: 1974-76, 1983-85; Secretary: 1977-82; Editor of Publi-cations 1983-88. Hon. Prof., IISC and Linus Pauling ...

  6. Drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the eastern ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8.SC. HONS. B. L Sharp. PHD. It should be borne in mind that more than 40% of cases are classified as imported into the eastern and northern. Transvaal provinces, of which a high percentage originate from other southern African countries where ... Materials and methods. Blood containing P. falciparum was obtained from ...

  7. A Class Act? Lecturers' Views on Undergraduates' Employability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrison, Andrew

    2014-01-01

    This article details the findings of a study into lecturers' perceptions of undergraduate employability. The investigation employed interviews with the staff on a BA (Hons) in Education Studies course at a post-1992 university. The aim was to examine staff beliefs regarding their students' potential employability in the business and finance…

  8. MultisysteM langerhans cell histiocytosis with advanced orbital ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    East African Medical Journa Vol. 87 No. 10 October 2010. MultisysteM langerhans cell histiocytosis with advanced orbital involveMent: case report. J. Mccaffrey, department of paediatrics, blackpool victoria hospital, whinney heys road, blackpool, lancashire, uK,. Fy3 8nr bM bch, ba hons, c. rawlingson, department of ...

  9. Project Lifescape 8. Amphibians

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 5; Issue 7. Project Lifescape - Amphibians. R J Ranjit Daniels. Classroom Volume 5 Issue 7 July 2000 pp 71-85 ... Author Affiliations. R J Ranjit Daniels1. Hon. Secretary Chennai Snake Park Trust Rajbhavan Post Chennai 600 022, India.

  10. Developing Professional Learning for Staff Working with Children with Speech, Language and Communication Needs Combined with Moderate-Severe Learning Difficulties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    This article presents research undertaken as part of a PhD by Carolyn Anderson who is a senior lecturer on the BSc (Hons) in Speech and Language Pathology at the University of Strathclyde. The study explores the professional learning experiences of 49 teachers working in eight schools and units for children with additional support needs in…

  11. Native American Languages Act. Hearing before the Committee on Indian Affairs, United States Senate. One Hundred Eighth Congress, First Session on S. 575 To Amend the Native American Languages Act To Provide for the Support of Native American Language Survival Schools (May 15, 2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs.

    This document includes statements given at this hearing by the following: William Y. Brown; John Cheek, Jennifer Chock; Rita Coosewon; David Dinwoodie; William Demmert, Jr.; Joycelyn DesRosier; Mary Hermes; Carla Herrera; Leanne Hinton; Holo Ho'opai; Hon. Daniel K. Inouye; Lawrence D. Kaplan; Keiki Kawaiaea; Rosalyn, LaPier; Lisa LaRonge; Vina…

  12. Use of laser photomodulation in the evolution of oral mucositis associated to cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-fluouracil - CMF in 5 fluouracil + adriamycin + cyclophosphamide - FAC chemotherapy protocols in patients with breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Fátima Lima Ferreira, Maria; de Carvalho, Fabiola Bastos; de Oliveira, Susana C. P. S.; Monteiro, Juliana S. C.; Santos, Gustavo M. P.; Gesteira, Maria F. M.; Maia, Tereza Cristina Teixeira; Pinheiro, Antônio L. B.

    2013-03-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the laser photobiomodulation (FBML) in prevention and treatment of oral mucositis induced by chemotherapy protocols CMF (cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, 5-Fluouracil) and FAC (5 Fluouracil + Adriamycin + Cyclophosphamide) in cancer patients breast. We selected 28 patients treated at the Center for High Complexity (CACON), who underwent 6 cycles of 21 days of treatment, with diagnosis of infiltrating ductal carcinoma (ICD C50.9). Were randomly divided into three groups: Group A - eight patients (Protocol FAC + Dental protocol of CACON + Laser), Group B - 6 patients (Protocol CMF + Dental protocol of CACON + Laser), Group C - was divided into two sub-groups: Group C1 with 8 patients (Control Group 1: FAC + Dental protocol o CACON) and group C2 with 6 patients (control group 2: Protocol CMF + Dental protocol of CACON). Patients in Group A and B were use of preventive FBML 24 hours before the start of chemotherapy cycle, then every 48 hours and was extended up to one week following completion of chemotherapy. The groups A and B, presented oral mucositis grade 0 (64.29%) p = 0.07, grade I (7.14%), grade II (14.29%), grade III (7.14 %), grade IV (7.14%) compared to group C, who presented mucositis grade 0 (35.71%) in the initial evaluation with p = 0.10, grade I (21.43%), grade II (28.57%), grade III (14.29%), grade IV (0.00%), patients who used the FBML as a preventive and therapeutic showed a reduction and pain relief in 42.86%. It is concluded that the low power laser when used preventively or as therapy and showed immediate relief of pain and accelerate tissue repair.

  13. Synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of novel neutral fac-M(CO){sub 3}(SNO) complexes (M=Re, {sup 99m}Tc) bearing the o-methoxyphenylpiperazine moiety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiotellis, A. [Institute of Radioisotopes, Radiodiagnostic Products, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece); Tsoukalas, C., E-mail: ctsoukal@rrp.demokritos.gr [Institute of Radioisotopes, Radiodiagnostic Products, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece); Pelecanou, M. [Institute of Biology, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece); Pirmettis, I.; Papadopoulos, M. [Institute of Radioisotopes, Radiodiagnostic Products, National Centre for Scientific Research ' Demokritos' , 15310 Ag. Paraskevi, Athens (Greece)

    2012-06-15

    The synthesis, characterization and biological evaluation of two new neutral tricarbonyl fac-M(CO){sub 3}(SNO) (M=Re, {sup 99m}Tc) bearing o-methoxyphenylpiperazine as pharmacophore and S-functionalized cysteine or penicillamine as chelators are reported. Competition binding tests showed good affinity for the 5-HT{sub 1A} receptor (8 and 54 nM for 4a and 4b, respectively). Biodistribution studies in healthy animals showed high initial blood and liver uptake, fast blood and tissue depuration and negligible brain uptake. - Graphical abstract: Two new neutral tricarbonyl fac-M(CO){sub 3}(SNO) (M=Re, {sup 99m}Tc) bearing o-methoxyphenylpiperazine as pharmacophore and S-functionalized cysteine or penicillamine as chelator were synthesized, characterized and evaluated as possible 5-HT{sub 1A} receptor imaging agents. Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer S-functionalized cysteine or penicillamine for the 5-HT{sub 1A} receptors are reported. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Novel rhenium and technetium-99m tricarbonyl complexes were synthesized and characterized. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Competition binding tests showed good affinity for the 5-HT{sub 1A} receptors. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The {sup 99m}Tc complexes showed adequate features but negligible brain uptake in mice.

  14. Anthracite as a candidate for lithium ion battery anode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Y.J.; Yang, H.J.; Yoon, S.H.; Korai, Y.; Mochida, I.

    2003-07-01

    Four kinds of anthracites from different regions were investigated as anodic materials of Li ion secondary battery by varying their calcination temperatures. Hon-gye anthracite calcined at 1000-1150 {sup o}C showed a high reversible capacity at low potential region of 0-0.12 V, which is typical with hard carbon. The highest capacity of 370 mAh/g was obtained with the Hon-gye among anthracites calcined at 1100{sup o}C. The graphitization started with the anthracite above 1600{sup o}C to provide capacity at ca. 0.2 V which reflects the intercalation of graphitic carbon. The anthracite calcined at 1000-1150{sup o}C was indicated to carry the largest d(002) and smallest Lc(002). The large capacity of the anthracite as hard carbon is ascribed to its many micropores among the smallest graphite units which can accommodate highly reduced lithium ions.

  15. Benevolent sexist beliefs predict perceptions of speakers and recipients of a term of endearment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boasso, Alyssa; Covert, Sarah; Ruscher, Janet B

    2012-01-01

    This study examined how endorsement of benevolent sexist ideologies predicts perceptions of requesters who use a term of endearment and of the female addressees who comply with their requests. Undergraduate women who previously completed the Benevolent Sexism Scale as part of the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory were randomly assigned to one of four groups. They watched one of four videos in which a female addressee responded to a request that either included or did not include the term of endearment "hon"; the requester was either male or female. Participants then rated both actors' social likeability. Among participants who watched a woman respond to a female requester who addressed her with the term "hon," benevolent sexism scores predicted liking for the female responder and disliking of the female requester. Findings reflect the dissatisfaction of women who are high in benevolent sexism with women who act outside of traditional gender role expectations.

  16. Fiscal 2000 survey of geological structures overseas. Exchange of engineers with Vietnam (Coal mining technology); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) Vietnam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A coal mining engineer exchange project was implemented by Japan and Vietnam for improving on coal mining engineers' production and management technologies in the Asia-Pacific region. Six engineers were dispatched to Hon Cam Training School for mine workers, Hon Gai, where they taught in the period November 12 through December 2, 2000. There were 18 trainees, to whom lectures were given on 16 subjects including the steep slope mining method, excavation technology, transportation technology, ventilation control technology, production control technology, quality control technology, cost and material control, risk control, and centralized monitoring technology. Discussion was also held on the subjects. Ten trainees were invited and received mainly by Taiheiyo Coal Mining Corporation for the period August 24 through September 9, 2000, where they were given lectures and underwent training in the mine. The trainees also visited Isoko Power Station, Coal Research Institute of Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., and Kushiro Plant of Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd. (NEDO)

  17. Analysis of player's in-game performance vs rating: Case study of Heroes of Newerth

    CERN Document Server

    Caplar, Neven; Matijasevic, Maja

    2013-01-01

    We evaluate the rating system of "Heroes of Newerth" (HoN), a multiplayer online action role-playing game, by using statistical analysis and comparison of a player's in-game performance metrics and the player rating assigned by the rating system. The datasets for the analysis have been extracted from the web sites that record the players' ratings and a number of empirical metrics. Results suggest that the HoN's Matchmaking rating algorithm, while generally capturing the skill level of the player well, also has weaknesses, which have been exploited by players to achieve a higher placement on the ranking ladder than deserved by actual skill. In addition, we also illustrate the effects of the choice of the business model (from pay-to-play to free-to-play) on player population.

  18. Oncology health information quality on the Internet: a multilingual evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrentschuk, Nathan; Sasges, Deborah; Tasevski, Robert; Abouassaly, Robert; Scott, Andrew M; Davis, Ian D

    2012-03-01

    Oncologic Internet information quality is considered variable, but no comprehensive analysis exists to support this. We compared the quality of common malignancy Web sites to assess them for language or disease differences and to perform a quality comparison between medical and layperson terminology. World Health Organization Health on the Net (HON) principles may be applied to Web sites by using an automated toolbar function. We used the Google search engine ( http://www.google.com ) to assess 10,200 Web sites using the keywords "Breast," "Colorectal," "Stomach," "Liver," "Pancreas," "Bile Duct," "Melanoma," and "Thyroid," plus "cancer," in English, French, German, and Spanish. The searches were then repeated with alternative terms, such as "Bowel" and "Skin cancer." Less than a quarter of Web sites are HON accredited, with significant differences by malignancy type (P informative, ethical, and reliable health Web sites on the Internet and direct patients to them.

  19. Competing Pathways in the photo- Proton-Coupled Electron Transfer Reduction of fac -[Re(bpy)(CO) 3 (4,4'-bpy] +* by Hydroquinone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stewart, David J.; Brennaman, M. Kyle; Bettis, Stephanie E.; Wang, Li; Binstead, Robert A.; Papanikolas, John M.; Meyer, Thomas J.

    2011-08-04

    The emitting metal-to-ligand charge transfer (MLCT) excited state of fac-[Re{sup I}(bpy)(CO)₃(4,4'-bpy)]+ (1) (bpy is 2,2'-bipyridine, 4,4'-bpy is 4,4'-bipyridine), [Re II(bpy –•)(CO)₃(4,4'-bpy)]+*, is reductively quenched by 1,4-hydroquinone (H₂Q) in CH₃CN at 23 ± 2 °C by competing pathways to give a common electron–proton-transfer intermediate. In one pathway, electron transfer (ET) quenching occurs to give Re{sup I}(bpy –•)(CO)₃(4,4'-bpy)]⁰ with k = (1.8 ± 0.2) × 10⁹ M –1 s –1, followed by proton transfer from H₂Q to give [ReI(bpy)(CO)₃(4,4'-bpyH )]+. Protonation triggers intramolecular bpy –•→ 4,4'-bpyH{sup +} electron transfer. In the second pathway, preassociation occurs between the ground state and H₂Q at high concentrations. Subsequent Re → bpy MLCT excitation of the adduct is followed by electron–proton transfer from H₂Q in concert with intramolecular bpy –•→ 4,4'-bpyH+ electron transfer to give [ReI(bpy)(CO)₃(4,4'-bpyH)]+ with k = (1.0 ± 0.4) × 10⁹ s–1 in 3:1 CH₃CN/H₂O.

  20. 19 CFR Appendix to Part 102 - Textile and Apparel Manufacturer Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... yield “20TCEN” and “Concept 2000” would yield “CON200.” a. Some words in the title of the foreign... would yield “HON,” Singapore would yield “SIN,” and Macau would yield “MAC.” 6. As a general rule, in... Bremond, France; FRLAVIE243BRE 20TH CENTURY TECHNOLOGIES, 5 Ricardo Munoz, Suite 5880, Caracas, Venezuela...

  1. Research

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-20

    May 20, 2016 ... DOI:10.7196/AJHPE.2016.v8i1.422. Perceived stressors of oral hygiene students in the dental environment. N A Gordon,1 DipOH, BA, MPH, Dip Adult Education; C A Rayner,1 DipOH, BA Hons, MA; V J Wilson,2 BChD, MChD;. K Crombie,3 Dip Diagnostic Radiography, HDE, MSc Dent; A B Shaikh,4 BChD, ...

  2. 11TH Annual Science and Engineering Technology Conference/DoD Tech Exposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    DDR&E – Organization Principal Deputy Mr. Alan Shaffer DDR&E Hon. Zachary Lemnios DARPA Dr. Regina Dugan Director, Research Dr. David Honey Director...integrated supply base – Factory of the future ManTech technology roadmaps : – C4ISR – Aerospace Structures – Propulsion Systems POC: Persis Elwood 703...Director, Research Honey Director, Systems Engineering Welby Director, Rapid Fielding Wyatt Director, DT&E Ed Greer Principal Deputy Shaffer DDR&E Lemnios

  3. Defense AT and L. Volume 44, Number 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    bad chemical reaction. Defense AT&L: March–April 2015 52 Welch likens himself to inventor Thomas Alva Edison , who failed his way to success. Unless... Thomas J. Moore, Mr. Mike Cornwell Production, Quality, and Manufacturing Mr. John P. Graham, Defense Contract Management Agency (Left to Right...Operations Command (SOCOM-SORDAC) (Left to Right): The Hon. Frank Kendall, Jr., Mr. James F. Geurts, Mr. James H. Smith, Lt. Gen. Thomas J

  4. Optimal management of fatigue in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review

    OpenAIRE

    Yuen, Hon K; Cunningham, Melissa A

    2014-01-01

    Hon K Yuen,1 Melissa A Cunningham2 1Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 2Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, SC, USA Abstract: Among the host of distressing pathophysiological and psychosocial symptoms, fatigue is the most prevalent complaint in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This review is to update the current findings on ...

  5. Depo Provera

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-11-13

    Nov 13, 2008 ... environment for implantation of a fertilised ovum, should ovulation occur. It is therefore regarded as one of the most ... a De Wilde LA, BScMedSc (Hons), MBChB, MFamMed a Steinberg WJ, MBBCh, DTM&H, DPH, DipObst(SA), MFamMed b Nel M, MMedSc a Department of Family Medicine, Faculty of ...

  6. Boni mores and consent for child research in South Africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-05-22

    May 22, 2015 ... Boni mores and consent for child research in South Africa. A E Strode,1 BA LLB, LLM, PhD; J Toohey,2 LLB; P Singh,1 BCom, LLB, LLM; C M Slack,2 BA Hons, MA, PhD. 1 School of Law, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Pietermaritzburg, South Africa. 2 HIV/AIDS Vaccines Ethics Group, School of Applied ...

  7. Qingping Straight Sword: The Last Remaining Chinese Sword System?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Berwick

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The following examination of classical Chinese straight sword (jian details the very rare Qingping straight sword system. The study meshes Chinese- and English-sourced research with a revealing interview (conducted by America’s senior Qingping disciples, Reza Momenan and Hon Lee with Lu Junhai—the grandmaster of this unique sword system. The author presents Qingping system as perhaps the only known, complete Chinese sword system surviving from China’s pre-Rebulican era (1911-1949.

  8. "It's Part-Time but Not as We Know It!" - An Evaluation of a Flexible Learning MEng

    OpenAIRE

    Humphries-Smith, Tania; Benjamin, Chris

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on the evaluation of the effectiveness of the principles of delivery of a new flexible learning MEng (Hons) Engineering course at Bournemouth University (BU). The course was developed as part of a Higher Education Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (HESTEM) National Programme project and provides an opportunity for engineers to take higher education qualifications while remaining in full time employment. The first cohort have all progressed from part time, day...

  9. Compound heterozygosity for severe and hypomorphic NDUFS2 mutations cause non-syndromic LHON-like optic neuropathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerber, Sylvie; Ding, Martina G; Gérard, Xavier; Zwicker, Klaus; Zanlonghi, Xavier; Rio, Marlène; Serre, Valérie; Hanein, Sylvain; Munnich, Arnold; Rotig, Agnès; Bianchi, Lucas; Amati-Bonneau, Patrizia; Elpeleg, Orly; Kaplan, Josseline; Brandt, Ulrich; Rozet, Jean-Michel

    2017-05-01

    Non-syndromic hereditary optic neuropathy (HON) has been ascribed to mutations in mitochondrial fusion/fission dynamics genes, nuclear and mitochondrial DNA-encoded respiratory enzyme genes or nuclear genes of poorly known mitochondrial function. However, the disease causing gene remains unknown in many families. The objective of the present study was to identify the molecular cause of non-syndromic LHON-like disease in siblings born to non-consanguineous parents of French origin. We used a combination of genetic analysis (gene mapping and whole-exome sequencing) in a multiplex family of non-syndromic HON and of functional analyses in patient-derived cultured skin fibroblasts and the yeast Yarrowia lipolytica. We identified compound heterozygote NDUFS2 disease-causing mutations (p.Tyr53Cys; p.Tyr308Cys). Studies using patient-derived cultured skin fibroblasts revealed mildly decreased NDUFS2 and complex I abundance but apparently normal respiratory chain activity. In the yeast Y. lipolytica ortholog NUCM, the mutations resulted in absence of complex I and moderate reduction in nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide-ubiquinone oxidoreductase activity, respectively. Biallelism for NDUFS2 mutations causing severe complex I deficiency has been previously reported to cause Leigh syndrome with optic neuropathy. Our results are consistent with the view that compound heterozygosity for severe and hypomorphic NDUFS2 mutations can cause non-syndromic HON. This observation suggests a direct correlation between the severity of NDUFS2 mutations and that of the disease and further support that there exist a genetic overlap between non-syndromic and syndromic HON due to defective mitochondrial function. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  10. The value of incorporating avoidable factors into perinatal audits-

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This usually does not occur with appropriate patient-initiated actions, for. Departments of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, and Paediatrics,. Kalafong Hospital and University of Pretoria. R. C. Pattinson. M.D.. F.C.O.G. (SA). M.R.C.O.G.. J. D. Makin. M.B.8.CH.• B.SC. HONS (EPIDEMIOLOGY & BIOSTATISTICS). A. Shaw. F.C.O.G. ...

  11. Multiple Microcomputer Control Algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-09-01

    output of the control store is latched in a microinstruction register to provide microcontrol signals. Data Paths to the ALU A more detailed...LITERAL INPUT =_~0 NOSRC tOU 70 3 NO EXTERNAL SOURCE 0,90 * 3a’O 1 0 ALU A-ADDRESS AND S-ADDRESS (AADR B AVR ): 0310 ) 0320 Ro taU 6HON0 ; 2903 INTERNAL RAM

  12. Operator’s Manual for UH-60A Helicopter, UH-60L Helicopter, EH-60A Helicopter

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-10-31

    struc- ture aft of the spar consists of fiberglass skin, Nomex hon- eycomb filler and a graphite/fiberglass trailing edge. The leading edge of each... honeycomb core. The engine cowling is opened by releasing a latch on the side and pulling outward on a locking handle. The cowling is opened outward and...altitude is used for aiding the GPS when only three satellites are available. Four satellites are re- quired if the barometric altitude sensor is not

  13. Alternative World Scenarios for a New Order of Nations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Service, The Library of Congress, May 1986. Etzold, Hon. Thomas H. Strategy in the 21st Century: Alternative Futures for Strategic Planners. Washington...Methods for Developing Business Scenarios." Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Vol. 31, 1987, pp. 219-238. Jones, Thomas E. Options for the... Malthus , T. R. An Essay on the Principle of Population. Edited with introduction by Anthony Flew New York: Penguin Books, 1970. Manfredi, Arthur F

  14. A Methodology for Measuring the Physiological Strain of Enhanced Soldiers: The 1998 Soldier Combat System Enhancement Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-11-01

    Scholarship (HK), he studied environmental toxicology at Melbourne University and was awarded a Ph.D. degree in 1987. After a short spell of employment as a...Hargrave Library, Monash University Librarian, Flinders University OTHER ORGANISATIONS NASA (Canberra) AGPS OUTSIDE AUSTRALIA ABSTRACTING AND INFORMATION...Denys Amos graduated from the University of Durham (UK) in 1960 with a BSc(Hons) and MSc (1961) in organic chemistry. He has worked with ICI and the

  15. The Shock and Vibration Bulletin: Proceedings on the Symposium on ShocK and Vibration (52nd) Held in New Orleans, Louisiana on 26-28 October 1981. Part 2. Invited Papers, Space Shuttle Loads and Dynamics, Space Shuttle Data Systems, Shock Testing, Shock Analysis Space Shuttle Thermal Protection Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-05-01

    further commultt Tilt Including pin" honImmsifeie odess ateoqo1i-l lceltodtoteems conducted in SFL I Ref. 221 Wloling eg Ond fonet spar moo production...flow separation during - - -- start and cutoff. Operation of the SSME at 470,11d sea level results in an overexpanded situa- 1...only 56 percent of those of the original configuration. 181 CONCLUSIONS The SSME nozzle experiences on overexpanded situation during the start and cutoff

  16. 1597-IJBCS-Article-Issa Tapsoba

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    catchment (Saxony/Germany). J. Plant. Nutr. Soil Science, 164: 65-70. Haney RL, Senseman SA, Hons FM, Zuberer. DA. 2000. Effect of Glyphosate on Soil. Microbial Activity and Biomass. Weed. Science, 48: 89-93. Ibañez M, Pozo OJ, Sancho JV, López FJ,. Hernández F. 2006. Re-evaluation of glyphosate determination in ...

  17. International Symposium on Molecular Spectroscopy (46th) Held in Columbus, Ohio on 17-21 June 1991,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    Departmento de Estructura Atomico -Nolecular y Espectroscopie, Universidad Coaplutense de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain. MF8. TORSIONAL SPECTRA OF CH3CH3 AND...MEASUREMENTS AND LINE SHAPE MODEL COMPARISONS........... 15 min,(11:20) MICHAEL E. THOMAS and CORINNE T. DELAYE, Applied Physics Laboratory, The Johns...California, 90089-0482. TF𔄁. MODELLING THE POTENTIAL ENERGY HYPERSURFACE OF THE HYDROGEN BOND HON-HF.................. ........... Arrived Late

  18. U. S. Naval Forces, Vietnam Monthly Historical Summary for April 1971

    Science.gov (United States)

    1971-06-04

    2-• •T. -- ; -•- ; • •-. ; . • ---7-• ; • -• --• --•--• •-•’.•7•-•- TVT • •-•---.•- -- • •T•:. • -.-• -• - • :=-- •’- "T- •. -CONFIDENTIAL " The...smallpox, and 37 dogs and 3 cats immunized agains rabies.I Also on Hon Tre Island MORGENTHAU personnel repaired and painted two school houses am,2 a

  19. Navy Ford (CVN 78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-27

    display.asp?story_id=60686. See also Peter Frost , “U.S. Navy’s Next Aircraft Carrier Will Be Named After The Late John F. Kennedy,” Newport News Daily...reduce some of the known sensor 23 Statement of Hon Katharina McFarland, Assistant Secretary of...other ships with similar combat systems has highlighted deficiencies in weapon employment timelines, sensor coverage, system track management, and

  20. Navy Ford (CVN-78) Class Aircraft Carrier Program: Background and Issues for Congress

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-27

    display.asp?story_id=60686. See also Peter Frost , “U.S. Navy’s Next Aircraft Carrier Will Be Named After The Late John F. Kennedy,” Newport News Daily...reduce some of the known sensor 23 Statement of Hon Katharina McFarland, Assistant Secretary of...other ships with similar combat systems has highlighted deficiencies in weapon employment timelines, sensor coverage, system track management, and

  1. 研究発表 文学と演劇の「引用」の差異について 本歌取・本説・素材をめぐる一考察

    OpenAIRE

    Ruperti, Bonaventura

    1996-01-01

    I propose to examine the recognised concept and methods of "quotation" in Classical Japanese Literature, with particular reference to poetical theory and study of the Noh, in waka honkadori and Noh honzetsu, as well as quotations from Noh chants in the historical dramas of Chikamatsu Monzaemon. The purpose of my paper is to elucidate the manner of such quotation, through an examination of the techniques, processes and transitions fundamental to the construction of the works.With regard to hon...

  2. The intercalated BSc (Med) Honours/MB ChB and integrated MB ChB/PhD tracks at the University of Cape Town: models for a national medical student research training programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, A A; Futter, M; Mayosi, B M

    2014-02-01

    The Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Cape Town is addressing the shortage of clinician-scientists in South Africa by introducing two research training tracks in parallel with the professional MB ChB programme, namely the intercalated BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track and the integrated MB ChB/PhD track. The BSc (Med) Hons/MB ChB track is available to MB ChB students who have completed the first two years of study. The track comprises a course in Molecular Medicine given concurrently with the MB ChB third-year curriculum, followed by a BSc (Med) Hons as a 'year out' of MB ChB. Subsequently students may enroll into the integrated MB ChB/PhD track that enables them to undertake a PhD concurrently with MB ChB studies, which will be spread over additional years, or alternatively to undertake a PhD after completion of the MB ChB. These tracks, which were launched in 2011, represent an opportunity to train a new cadre of young African clinician-scientists at the undergraduate level.

  3. Quality and content of internet-based information on temporomandibular disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Min Woo; Jo, Jeong Hwan; Park, Ji Woon

    2012-01-01

    To use a range of evaluation instruments to assess the content and quality of websites about temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and thereby provide guidance regarding the actual accuracy and comprehensiveness of the information of the sites. Sixty-seven websites resulting from an Internet search with the word "TMD" were evaluated using Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), DISCERN, and Health on the Net (HON) criteria, along with an evaluation method to assess the scientific quality of the website contents. Results were compared according to reviewer, website type, and presence of HON seal. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), Student t test, chi-square test, and Pearson correlation analysis were used as appropriate. The mean content, HON, and DISCERN scores were 38.9%, below 50%, and 53.9% of the maximum possible score, respectively. Fewer than 50% of the sites displayed the author or reference of the information according to the JAMA benchmarks criteria. Every evaluation criteria showed good agreement among reviewers. Commercial websites were the most common, while sites of nonprofit organizations showed the highest content scores. The overall quality was poor to moderate for all website types. Sites concerning TMD were poorly organized and maintained. Also, most sites contained insufficient or scientifically incorrect information that could have a negative effect on the treatment outcome and prognosis of TMD. Clinicians should guide patients to reputable sources of information that will enhance patient comprehension and better treatment outcomes.

  4. Female urinary incontinence health information quality on the Internet: a multilingual evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraswat, Ishani; Abouassaly, Robert; Dwyer, Peter; Bolton, Damien M; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2016-01-01

    The quality of Internet information on female urinary incontinence is considered variable. No comprehensive analysis exists to support this. We compared the quality of current Internet information for common layperson terminology on female urinary incontinence across four Western languages and a comparative analysis of website sponsors. World Health Organization Health on the Net (HON) principles may be applied to websites using an automated toolbar function. We used the Google search engine; 10,200 websites were identified using keywords related to female urinary incontinence and treatments in English, French, German and Spanish. The first 150 websites in each language had HON principles examined, whilst a further analysis of site sponsorship was undertaken. The total number of websites for each term is variable. "Female sling surgery" had the most websites with approximately 18 million, whereas "colposuspension" had the least with only 159,890 websites. Regardless of language, very few female urinary incontinence websites were HON accredited (p informative, ethical and reliable health websites on the Internet and direct patients to them.

  5. Fouling characteristics of reverse osmosis membranes at different positions of a full-scale plant for municipal wastewater reclamation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Fang; Hu, Hong-Ying; Sun, Li-Juan; Sun, Ying-Xue; Shi, Na; Crittenden, John C

    2016-03-01

    Membrane fouling is an important shortcoming limiting the efficiency and wide application of reverse osmosis (RO) technology. In this paper, RO membranes in a full-scale municipal wastewater reclamation plant were autopsied. From the lead to tail position RO membranes in RO system, both of organic and inorganic matters on membranes reduced gradually. The higher ion products in RO concentrate didn't result in more serious inorganic scaling on the last position RO membranes, which was contrast with some other researches. Fe, Ca and Mg were major inorganic elements. Fe had a relatively low concentration in RO influent but the highest content on membranes. However, there was no specific pretreatment in terms of Fe removal. Ca and Mg scaling was controlled by the antiscalants injected. Organic fouling (75.0-84.5% of dry weights) was major problem on RO membranes due to the large amount of dissolved organic matters in secondary effluent as raw water. Hydrophilic acid (HIA, 48.0% of total DOC), hydrophobic acid (HOA, 23.6%) and hydrophobic neutral (HON, 19.0%) fraction was largest among the six fractions in RO influent, while HON (38.2-51.1%) and HOA (22.1-26.1%) tended to accumulate on membranes in higher quantities. Monitoring HON and HOA might help to forecast organic fouling. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Examen de auditoría integral al área de proceso de soporte y mantenimiento de soporte y mantenimiento del sistema VisualFAC a los usuarios de la empresa Tovacompu Informática Cía. Ltda., correspondiente al periodo de julio 2011 a junio de 2012 de la ciudad de Loja

    OpenAIRE

    Silva Silva, Hugo Jose

    2014-01-01

    El objetivo de investigación radica realizar un examen de auditoría integral al área de procesos, soporte y mantenimiento del sistema VisualFAC a los usuarios de la empresa Tovacompu, para proporcionar una visión integral de sus operaciones financieras, cumplimiento, control interno y gestión. Se ha venido definiendo conceptos de auditoría integral, pero en esta investigación se busca a dar a conocer y cumplir ya de manera operativa y física, comprobando de esta manera la realidad que tiene...

  7. Mechanism and kinetics for ammonium dinitramide (ADN) sublimation: a first-principles study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, R S; Chen, Hui-Lung; Lin, M C

    2012-11-08

    The mechanism for sublimation of NH(4)N(NO(2))(2) (ADN) has been investigated quantum-mechanically with generalized gradient approximation plane-wave density functional theory calculations; the solid surface is represented by a slab model and the periodic boundary conditions are applied. The calculated lattice constants for the bulk ADN, which were found to consist of NH(4)(+)[ON(O)NNO(2)](-) units, instead of NH(4)(+)[N(NO(2))(2)](-), agree quite well with experimental values. Results show that three steps are involved in the sublimation/decomposition of ADN. The first step is the relaxation of the surface layer with 1.6 kcal/mol energy per NH(4)ON(O)NNO(2) unit; the second step is the sublimation of the surface layer to form a molecular [NH(3)]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex with a 29.4 kcal/mol sublimation energy, consistent with the experimental observation of Korobeinichev et al. (10) The last step is the dissociation of the [H(3)N]-[HON(O)NNO(2)] complex to give NH(3) and HON(O)NNO(2) with the dissociation energy of 13.9 kcal/mol. Direct formation of NO(2) (g) from solid ADN costs a much higher energy, 58.3 kcal/mol. Our calculated total sublimation enthalpy for ADN(s) → NH(3)(g) + HON(O)NNO(2)) (g), 44.9 kcal/mol via three steps, is in good agreement with the value, 42.1 kcal/mol predicted for the one-step sublimation process in this work and the value 44.0 kcal/mol computed by Politzer et al. (11) using experimental thermochemical data. The sublimation rate constant for the rate-controlling step 2 can be represented as k(sub) = 2.18 × 10(12) exp (-30.5 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1), which agrees well with available experimental data within the temperature range studied. The high pressure limit decomposition rate constant for the molecular complex H(3)N···HON(O)NNO(2) can be expressed by k(dec) = 3.18 × 10(13) exp (-15.09 kcal/mol/RT) s(-1). In addition, water molecules were found to increase the sublimation enthalpy of ADN, contrary to that found in the ammonium

  8. Allyl Ligand Reactivity in Tantalum(V) Compounds: Experimental and Computational Evidence for Allyl Transfer to the Formamidinate Ligand in fac-Ta(NMe2)3( 1-allyl)[iPrNC(H)NHiPr] via a Metallo-Claisen Rearrangement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang, Shih-Huang Huang [University of North Texas; Wang, Xiaoping [ORNL; Nesterov, Vladimir [University of North Texas; Hrovat, David A. [University of North Texas; Hall, Michael B. [Texas A& M University; Richmond, Michael G. [University of North Texas

    2011-01-01

    Treatment of TaCl(NMe{sub 2})4 (1) with allyl MgCl furnishes the allyl-substituted compound Ta(NMe{sub 2})4({eta}{sup 1}-allyl) (2) in moderate yield. The X-ray structure of 2 reveals a trigonal-bipyramidal geometry at the tantalum center with an equatorially situated {eta}{sup 1}-allyl moiety. VT {sup 1}H NMR measurements confirm that the molecule is fluxional in solution over the temperature range 298-193 K, and DFT calculations indicate that the time-averaged environment exhibited by the allyl moiety in fluid solution derives from a rapid {eta}{sup 1}-to-{eta}{sup 3} equilibration, with Ta(NMe{sub 2})4({eta}{sup 3}-allyl) serving as the transition state for this process. 1 reacts rapidly with the formamidine {sup i}PrNC(H)N{sup i}Pr to yield fac-TaCl(NMe{sub 2}){sub 3}[{sup i}PrNC(H)N{sup i}Pr] (5) and Me{sub 2}NH, and the tantalum product has been characterized by NMR spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction analysis. The five-coordinate compound Ta(NMe{sub 2}){sub 3}[{sup i}PrNCH(allyl)N{sup i}Pr] (7), whose origin is traced to the putative octahedral species fac-Ta(NMe{sub 2}){sub 3}({eta}{sup 1}-allyl)[{sup i}PrNC(H)N{sup i}Pr] (6), has been obtained from the reaction of 2 with {sup i}PrNC(H)N{sup i}Pr; 7 may also be prepared from the reaction of 5 with allylMgCl. The rearrangement of the allyl moiety in fac-Ta(NMe{sub 2}){sub 3}({eta}{sup 1}-allyl)[{sup i}PrNC(H)N{sup i}Pr] to the formamidinate carbon atom in 7 has been investigated by DFT calculations. Here the DFT calculations have provided crucial insight into the reaction mechanism and the composition of those transient species that do not lend themselves to direct spectroscopic observation. The computed barrier for this metallo-Claisen rearrangement is sensitive to the nature of the density functional employed, and the barrier computed using the meta-GGA TPSS functional provides the best agreement with the experimental conditions. The related alkenyl derivatives Ta(NMe{sub 2})4({eta}{sup 1}-3-butenyl) (3

  9. Crystal structures of tris[1-oxopyridine-2-olato(1−]silicon(IV chloride chloroform-d1 disolvate, tris[1-oxopyridine-2-olato(1−]silicon(IV chloride acetonitrile unquantified solvate, and fac-tris[1-oxopyridine-2-thiolato(1−]silicon(IV chloride chloroform-d1 disolvate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bradley M. Kraft

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The cations in the title salts, [Si(OPO3]Cl·2CDCl3, (I, [Si(OPO3]Cl·xCH3CN, (II, and fac-[Si(OPTO3]Cl·2CDCl3, (III (OPO = 1-oxo-2-pyridinone, C5H4NO2, and OPTO = 1-oxo-2-pyridinethione, C5H4NOS, have distorted octahedral coordination spheres. The first two structures contain the same cation and anion, but different solvents of crystallization led to different solvates and packing arrangements. In structures (I and (III, the silicon complex cations and chloride anions are well separated, while in (II, there are two C—H...Cl distances that fall just within the sum of the van der Waals radii of the C and Cl atoms. The pyridine portions of the OPO ligands in (I and (II are modeled as disordered with the planar flips of themselves [(I: 0.574 (15:0.426 (15, 0.696 (15:0.304 (15, and 0.621 (15:0.379 (15; (II: 0.555 (13:0.445 (13, 0.604 (14:0.396 (14 and 0.611 (13:0.389 (13], demonstrating that both fac and mer isomers are co-crystallized. In (II, highly disordered solvent, located in two independent channels along [100], was unable to be modeled. Reflection contributions from this solvent were fixed and added to the calculated structure factors using the SQUEEZE [Spek (2015. Acta Cryst. C71, 9–18] function of program PLATON, which determined there to be 54 electrons in 225 Å3 accounted for per unit cell (25 electrons in 109 Å3 in one channel, and 29 electrons in 115 Å3 in the other. In (I and (II, all species lie on general positions. In (III, all species are located along crystallographic threefold axes.

  10. Health information quality on the internet in urological oncology: a multilingual longitudinal evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrentschuk, Nathan; Abouassaly, Robert; Hackett, Nadia; Groll, Ryan; Fleshner, Neil E

    2009-11-01

    To compare the quality of uro-oncological Web sites, to assess for language or disease differences across Western languages, and to perform a longitudinal comparison between 2004 and 2009. Uro-oncological Internet information quality is considered variable but no comprehensive analysis exists. Health on the Net (HON) principles may be applied to Web sites using an automated toolbar function. Using the Google search engine (http://www.Google.com), in 2004 and 2009, 2400 Web sites were assessed using the keywords prostate, bladder, kidney, and testicular cancer in English, French, German, and Spanish. The first 150 Web sites in each language had HON principles measured-a comparison between 2004 and 2009 was done. A further analysis of site sponsorship was undertaken. Regardless of language or cancer type, most sites are not HON accredited. English has consistently more than English, French, Spanish, or German. For the respective languages in 2009, prostate has the most (29, 14%, 16%, 12%), followed by bladder (29%, 22%, 14%, 13%), kidney (25%, 15%, 10%, 13%), and testis (26%, 19%, 7.11%). Significant differences were found comparing language and organ groups. The quality improved from 2004 to 2009. Nonprofit organizations (51%), government and/or educational (39%), commercial (20%), with urologists last (14%) were accredited. A lack of validation of most uro-oncological sites should be appreciated by urologists. Additionally, there is a discrepancy in quality and number of Web sites across uro-oncological diseases and major Western European languages, but with some improvement seen recently. We need to encourage informative, ethical, and reliable complimentary health Web sites on the Internet and direct patients to them.

  11. O mundo degradado e a resistência na narrativa: o feminino e os (anti)valores em São Bernardo

    OpenAIRE

    Lopes, Larissa Cristina Viana; Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte; da Costa, Maria Edileuza; Universidade do Estado do Rio Grande do Norte

    2011-01-01

    Este artigo tem como meta fazer um estudo da obra São Bernardo (1983), de Graciliano Ramos, com foco na construção da personagem Madalena, feita sob a ótica de Paulo Honório. Entendendo que os personagens se organizam num mundo degradado, a narrativa, que abrange a vida dos empregados rurais como reflexo da política trabalhista de 1930, critica a cultura tradicional da sociedade patriarca. Deste modo, compreendemos a figura de Madalena como a representação inovadora do feminino no contexto de...

  12. Evaluación de la toxicidad/patogenicidad de una formulación de Bacillus thuringiensis var israelensis (Bactivec)

    OpenAIRE

    A. Mancebo; B. González Navarro; L. Riera; S. Lugo; Y. González Torres; ME Arteaga; D. Fuentes

    2003-01-01

    Existen varios agentes microbianos, incluyendo hon-gos, protozoos, virus y bacterias, que han sido utilizados comomosquiticidas. No obstante, entre esos agentes, el Bacillus thu-ringiensises el más potente y ha sido el más ampliamente utili-zado. El Bactivec es un biolarvicida producido en Cuba, quecontiene Bacillus thuringiensis variedadisraelensiscomo agen-te activo. Con el objetivo de evaluar su toxicidad/patogenicidad,se administró el Bactivec en una dosis única de 5 x 108unidadesformador...

  13. Roberto Caldeyro Barcia (1921-96): establishing the basis of modern obstetric physiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dueñas-Garcia, O F; Diaz-Sotomayor, M

    2011-08-01

    Physicians have used fetal heart monitoring for 300 years but it has faced a revolution in the last 50 years after the incorporation of new devices and the discovery of the normal patterns of labour. Dr Caldeyro Barcia in Uruguay was one of the pioneers of the development of intrauterine pressure monitors and, with Dr Edward H Hon (1917-2007), he established the basis of modern electronic fetal heart monitoring which is still used in most labour and delivery rooms across the World. Nowadays medicine and technology advances so fast that devices created 10 years ago are considered old fashioned or obsolete.

  14. Colour Impact, Phenomenology and Treatment of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

    OpenAIRE

    Stickley, P.

    2011-01-01

    VII Colour Conference Rome\\ud SAPIENZA Università di Roma
\\ud Engineering Faculty\\ud \\ud Viale dell'Università, 30\\ud 00185 Rome, Italy\\ud 06 44704251\\ud \\ud Good afternoon, my name is Paul Stickley, I am an academic at the Glasgow School of Art , Scotland, in the United Kingdom.\\ud My academic responsibilities are primarily Within the School of Design in the roles of Head of Departments of Visual Communications BA (hons)\\ud Programme Leader Communication Design Post Grad (Masters) \\ud Direct...

  15. User acceptance by individuals of health telematics from distributed EPRs associated with knowledge couplers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scherrer, J R; Spahni, S; Boyer, C

    2000-01-01

    The patient in a hospital bed is also a private individual that might access his or her own Electronic Patient Record (EPR) in association with additional tools that are able to show critical up-to-date knowledge about diagnoses, clinical investigations or treatments. The distributed EPRs are shown here in full production with the DOMED application of DIOGENE 2. Besides, in order to facilitate an easier understanding of the EPRs by the patient, the HON Web Site services are at his or her disposal in this respect at the same terminal.

  16. Biography of Dr. Simao Nascimento de Sousa

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sarkar, A.^red.

    International 32 (2006) 148 www.elsevier.com/locate/envint The International workshop on marine pollution and ecotoxicology (2004) was organized to felicitate our colleague Dr. Sima˜o Nascimento de Sousa, Deputy Director, NIO who superannuated on 29th February..., 2004. Dr. de Sousa was born on the 26th of February, 1944 at Corlim, Ilhas, Goa. He graduated with BSc (Hons.) in 1969 and MSc with Physical Chemistry in 1971 from the University of Bombay (Mumbai), India. He began his career with studies in the Mandovi...

  17. O Brasil pode repetir o milagre econômico?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Holanda Barbosa

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyze the necessary conditions for Brazilian income per capita to duplicate in a time span of fifteen years, as it happened in the 1970s. Growth accounting is used to identify the sources of growth of Asian countries (China, Hon Kong, Japan, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan and Brazil during periods where income per capita has doubled in the past. The main restriction for the Brazilian economy to get back the growth performance of the 1970s is the low rate of investment. To increase this rate requires a substantial increase of the domestic savings rate.

  18. Silent Ship Research Applications and Operation. Volume 2. Unclassified Papers. Proceedings of a Conference Held at SACLANTCEN on 2-4 October 1984

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-15

    par des t honicers I itneur.,. I, t hon est capturfe. en surf ace, au moyen de I iqnes tr~ine ýt es ( 18 1 ignes par bateau au maximum). Cette...technique de p’t~chc k)t Liýe sur It: comportenk.-nt alimcn--.e du thon, et le brui t, genet par It, bateau , ai priori et~ dux fi res des p~’chleurs, 3oue un...L’ensembhle Aes c~iracteristiqucs du bateau (longueur. puis- sarice, tvp’, do coque, tonnage. . .) conditiouine directernent loff ici- (2 it6 du nay ire en

  19. Disease: H00377 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00377 Rabies Rabies is an old zoonotic disease which has been known for more than...om it. Dogs are the major vectors. Rabies affects the central nervous system and causes fatal encephalomyeli...Africa die every year due to rabies. Infectious disease ... Rabies virus (RABV) [GN:T40022] ... Rabies vaccine [DR:D06504 D05248] Rabi... ... Yousaf MZ, Qasim M, Zia S, Khan Mu, Ashfaq UA, Khan S ... TITLE ... Rabies molecular virology, diagnosis, p... ... Leung AK, Davies HD, Hon KL ... TITLE ... Rabies: epidemiology, pathogenesis, and prophylaxis. ... JOURNAL ... Adv Ther 24:1340-7 (2007) DOI:10.1007/BF02877781

  20. Agentes etiológicos de onicomicosis diagnosticadas en el laboratorio de micología médica de la Universidad de Costa Rica

    OpenAIRE

    Ingrid Salas-Campos; Norma T Gross-Martínez

    2012-01-01

    Justificación y objetivos: Entre las onicodistrofias, la onicomicosis es la afección más frecuente. Esta infección no solo representa un problema estético para el paciente, sino que puede afectar sus actividades diarias. Para el dermatólogo se hace indispensable realizar el diagnóstico diferencial, por lo que el laboratorio de micología médica es de gran ayuda para este propósito. En cuanto a los agentes etiológicos incriminados, los dermatofitos son los más frecuentes; sin embargo, otros hon...

  1. NUTRICIÓN MINERAL CON N, P Y K EN LA SIMBIOSIS HONGOS MICORRIZÓGENOS-TOMATE (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) EN FERRALSOLS

    OpenAIRE

    Desirée Llonín; N. Medina

    2002-01-01

    Se evaluó el efecto de diferentes relaciones de nutrientes con N, P y K y la inoculación con dos cepas de hongos micorrízicos arbusculares-HMA- (G. clarum y G. fasciculatum), como fuentes de suministro de nutrientes aplicadas solas o en combinación, en fase de campo, sobre los incrementos de los rendimientos y la absorción de nutrientes. Para ello se determinaron el rendimiento del cultivo, la absorción de nutrientes y la colonización por HMA. Los resultados indican que la inoculación con hon...

  2. Chiropractors & Osteopaths Musculo-Skeletal Interest Group (COMSIG)

    OpenAIRE

    Walker, Bruce F.

    1992-01-01

    The Chiropractors & Osteopaths Musculo-Skeletal Interest Group evolved from regular clinical meetings at Ringwood Clinic, a multi-disciplinary clinic in Melbourne In 1987 the Directors of the clinic Bruce F. Walker D.C. and Alison Hogg MB.BS. (Hons), FRACGP. Decided to invite a range of guest speakers (on musculo-skeletal topics) to give an address every 6 weeks Local practitioners of all persuasions were invited to attend these meetings. Although all groups were represented, by far the great...

  3. Reconfigurable computing the theory and practice of FPGA-based computation

    CERN Document Server

    Hauck, Scott

    2010-01-01

    Reconfigurable Computing marks a revolutionary and hot topic that bridges the gap between the separate worlds of hardware and software design- the key feature of reconfigurable computing is its groundbreaking ability to perform computations in hardware to increase performance while retaining the flexibility of a software solution. Reconfigurable computers serve as affordable, fast, and accurate tools for developing designs ranging from single chip architectures to multi-chip and embedded systems. Scott Hauck and Andre DeHon have assembled a group of the key experts in the fields of both hardwa

  4. Installation Restoration Program. Preliminary Assessment: 216th Engineering Installation Squadron and 234th Combat Communications Squadron, Hayward Air National Guard Station, California Air National Guard, Hayward, California

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-01-01

    foot to O𔃿 oill’y clsay r Ich, in orgsenc mstrsly wilth sait aste r. Yiel d: a I Ilsy _.j s .ssh as 120 -st.,Wt. hon- lense , of s it ane quantity im...Report 205J. Figure 111.3 U Generalized Stratigraphic Column of the Area I 111-5 ’UD Of CONTCT -00fA~m~eIYloctedCORRELATION OF MAP UNITS HAYWARD FAULT...separators. Two of these are connected to the storm sewer. The oil/water separator for the 234th EIS is connected to the sanitary sewer. o A monitoring well

  5. NRL Technical Year End Progress Report for MCSC PM-ICE FY11 SOW Tasks 1 and 2 - Hearing Loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-18

    2 — Hearing Loss Research May 18, 2012 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Peter C. HerdiC James W. mCmaHon daniel l. amon...Technical Year End Progress Report for MCSC PM-ICE FY11 SOW Tasks 1 and 2 — Hearing Loss Research Peter C. Herdic, James W. McMahon, Daniel L. Amon...deemed relevant to the warfighter. 18-05-2012 Memorandum Report Hearing loss Human ear Small weapons fire Shooter’s notch Program Manager, Infantry Combat

  6. Mechanistic modelling of weak interlayers in flexible and semi-flexible road pavements: Part 2

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De Beer, Morris

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Institution of Civil Engineering ? Volume 54 Number 1 April 2012 43 TECHNICAL PAPER JOURNAL OF THE SOUTH AFRICAN INSTITUTION OF CIVIL ENGINEERING Vol 54 No 1, April 2012, Pages 43?54, Paper 762-2 DR MORRIS DE BEER is a principal researcher at the CSIR... Built Environment Unit, and associate editor of the International Journal for Road Materials and Pavement Design (RMPD). He obtained his BSc (Hons), Masters and PhD degrees in Civil Engineering from the University of Pretoria, where he also acts...

  7. Challenging Perceptions on Body Image Using a Bariatric Weighted Suit with Female University Dancers

    OpenAIRE

    Mills, Claire D; Dee, Sarah

    2016-01-01

    Body image concerns of female dancers have gained a\\ud considerable amount of attention due to issues associated with the need to meet the industry’s demand of a particular physique and appearance to impress audiences. This study was therefore designed to challenge perceptions of body image whilst wearing dancing in a bariatric weighted suit. n = 15 Undergraduate BSc (Hons) Degree Sport and Dance and Performing Arts students (x ± s; age = 20.5 ± 0.8 years) were recruited. Participants danced ...

  8. An Assessment on the Creation of an Under Secretary of Defense for Business Management and Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-21

    An Assessment on the Creation of an Under Secretary of Defense for Business Management & Information April 21, 2016 These are the final...Under Secretary of Defense for Policy  Hon. Robert Gates, 22nd U.S. Secretary of Defense / former President, Texas A&M University  Mr. Terry...Role:  Creation of the USD(BM&I) role may enable the DoD to recruit a talent of ‘higher caliber’ because of the position elevation  Sends a

  9. Sustainability of scholarly information

    CERN Document Server

    Chowdhury, G G

    2015-01-01

    Professor Gobinda Chowdhury BSc Hons, MSc, PhD, FCLIP is Professor in Information Science at iSchool@northumbria, and Head of the Department of Mathematics and Information Sciences at Northumbria University. Before joining Northumbria University he was a Professor and Director of the Centre for Information and Knowledge Management at the University of Technology Sydney, Australia. For over 25 years he has worked as an academic and researcher in information science in different parts of the world including Asia, Africa, Europe and Australia. For the past few years he has been actively involved

  10. Chiropractic wellness on the web: the content and quality of information related to wellness and primary prevention on the Internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evans Marion

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The Internet has become a common source of information for patients wishing to learn about health information. Previous studies found information related to back pain poor and often contradictory to current guidelines. Wellness has become a common topic in the field of chiropractic and accrediting agencies have standards on delivery of wellness-based content in college curricula as well as directives for clinical applications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of the information on the Internet using the terms "chiropractic wellness," or "wellness chiropractic". Methods Five commonly used search engines were selected and the first 10 sites found using the strategy above were evaluated by two raters. Demographic assessments of the sites were made along with whether they were Health on the Net Foundation (HON certified, contained standard wellness content, mentioned any Healthy People Focus Areas, and other chiropractic topics. Kappa statistics compared inter-rater agreement. Results Potential patients appeared to be the audience 87% of the time and a private doctor of chiropractic appeared to be the typical site owner. The sites usually promoted the provider. No sites displayed HON certification logo nor did any appear to meet the HON certification criteria. Twenty-six sites (55% promoted regular physical activity in some manner and 18 (38% had information on health risks of tobacco. Four (9% had mental health or stress-reduction content but none had information supportive of vaccination. Some had information contradictory to common public health measures. Conclusions Patients searching the Internet for chiropractic wellness information will often find useless information that will not help them maintain health or become well. Most simply market the chiropractic practice or allow for a patients to provide personal information in exchange for more 'wellness' information. More research should be done on how

  11. CSIR ScienceScope: Future of our science

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    CSIR

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available stream_source_info ScienceScope1_2007.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 5831 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ScienceScope1_2007.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 3s Bursaries THE CSIR’S... BURSARY programme caters for selected full-time students in specific fields. Their studies are paid for by the CSIR. High priority and demand skills areas to be addressed are at BSc and BSc Hons levels. Most organisations view bursaries as part...

  12. Browse Author Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 301 - 350 of 875 ... A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z All. H. Hasan, KZ · Hassen, H Y · Hawkley, M · Healy, M · Henderson, S · Hendricks, C L · Hendricks, R J · Hendson, W · Herselman, M · Herselman, M G · Hittler, T · Hlambelo, N · Hlatswayo, BPS · Hlope, S T · Hoffmann, K S · Hon, JML · Horn, AR

  13. Self Generated Magnetic Fields in Laser-Produced Shock Waves

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-12-01

    oscillator and a :.Lngle amplifier stage. The laser was Q-switched with a Pockels cell . The laser system was operated at a power level of 230 MW, which...0 a 0) N -W 4- hon’ 0ý0E I ril 11 Ni SI~ O rT4 * o. 93- ~ - 004 N4 N ’f 4 4 .4 0 0P-4 .. P-44 -11 4 𔃺 tf4-4 *4J 0f N* fj N . 1 N - P4 H 11 0 N d-1 k

  14. Panel: rights of people in prison to HIV prevention, treatment and care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jürgens, Ralf; Chu, Sandra Ka Hon; Dias, Giselle; Motherall, James; Simmons, Greg

    2009-12-01

    This article contains summaries of the five presentations made during this panel. Ralf Jürgens provides an overview of the issue of needle exchange programs in prisons, and reviews the international experience with such programs. Sandra Ka Hon Chu advances the legal and human rights arguments for establishing needle exchanges in Canadian prisons. Giselle Dias describes the inter-sectoral strategy for HIV/AIDS is prisons being developed by the Prisoners HIV/AIDS Support Action Network (PASAN). Finally, two former prisons turned activists, James Motherall and Greg Simmons, provide their personal perspectives on prevention and treatment behind bars.

  15. Veeravalli Venkata Ranga Varadachari (1925-2007)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Murty, C.S.

    was born in 1925 into an orthodox family at Gutala, a small vil- lage on the banks of River Godavari in Andhra Pradesh. After going through primary and secondary education with excellence, VVR went on to receive B Sc (Hons.) degree in physics in 1948... stream_size 5360 stream_content_type text/plain stream_name Curr_Sci_93_1316.pdf.txt stream_source_info Curr_Sci_93_1316.pdf.txt Content-Encoding UTF-8 Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 PERSONAL NEWS CURRENT...

  16. Faxing Structures to the Moon: Freeform Additive Construction System (FACS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, A. Scott; Wilcox, Brian; McQuin, Christopher; Townsend, Julie; Rieber, Richard; Barmatz, Martin; Leichty, John

    2013-01-01

    Using the highly articulated All-Terrain Hex-Limbed Extra-Terrestrial Explorer (ATHLETE) robotic mobility system as a precision positioning tool, a variety of print head technologies can be used to 3D print large-scale in-situ structures on planetary surfaces such as the moon or Mars. In effect, in the same way CAD models can be printed in a 3D printer, large-scale structures such as walls, vaults, domes, berms, paving, trench walls, and other insitu derived elements can be FAXed to the planetary surface and built in advance of the arrival of crews, supplementing equipment and materials brought from earth. This paper discusses the ATHLETE system as a mobility / positioning platform, and presents several options for large-scale additive print head technologies, including tunable microwave "sinterator" approaches and in-situ concrete deposition. The paper also discusses potential applications, such as sintered-in-place habitat shells, radiation shielding, road paving, modular bricks, and prefabricated construction components.

  17. Microwave Sinterator Freeform Additive Construction System (MS-FACS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Alan S.; Wilcox, Brian H.; Barmatz, Martin B.; Mercury, Michael B.; Siebert, Michael A.; Rieber, Richard R.

    2013-01-01

    The harmful properties of lunar dust, such as small size, glass composition, abnormal surface area, and coatings of imbedded nanophase iron, lead to a unique coupling of the dust with microwave radiation. This coupling can be exploited for rapid sintering of lunar soil for use as a construction material that can be formed to take on an infinite number of shapes and sizes. This work describes a system concept for building structures on the lunar surface using lunar regolith (soil). This system uses the ATHLETE (All-Terrain Hex- Limbed Extra-Terrestrial Explorer) mobility system as a positioning system with a microwave print head (similar to that of a smaller-scale 3D printer). A processing system delivers the lunar regolith to the microwave print head, where the microwave print head/chamber lays down a layer of melted regolith. An arm on the ATHLETE system positions the layer depending on the desired structure.

  18. Planeación por escenarios en la FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikell Ibarra Fernández

    2007-01-01

    La prospectiva cree que el futuro se explica desde el presente, y éste a su vez del pasado, esta relación causa-efecto permite construir nuestro mañana, valiéndose del análisis de los factores sociales, económicos, culturales, ambientales y políticos que afectan el desarrollo histórico, Llevándonos a una visión sistémica v compleja del mundo. Construir el mañana tiene al ser humano y a sus instituciones como protagonistas de su propia historia

  19. MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity-Based Retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-10-01

    am5122 Dr. For Nelkue 11..5 PA 13W so Sm Dlp. CA gaw.121 US"W Cbel Depue 41 Dr. Sylete KeareN. aee wo P pubebg Usimel ’A 14emboase ON;0" i NORWAY rb. k...PF. Lalma 41 Weee 3" 9~qe S&ed of Ce.peee S-se now Tulk NY "a2 Dr. A. Kaewu"e-dM Ceeve Meaee Ue..e"t M*C4CDU PlabuO,1 PA MIXING89 Dr. Wilb Heml 17

  20. Medical engineering at Cardiff University. Part 1: Undergraduate programmes of study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theobald, P; Jones, M D; Holt, C A; Evans, S L; O'Doherty, D M

    2009-05-01

    Cardiff University has offered a medical engineering undergraduate programme since 2001 and hence delivers one of the longest-running and most established medical engineering programmes within the UK. It currently offers BEng (Hons) and MEng (Hons) programmes that are both accredited by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers and include the option to undertake a year in industrial employment. The admissions policy ensures that the intake consists of a diverse range of students and is typically very successful in attracting female students. The programmes consist of six key academic threads which ensure that the content is both relevant and continuous, with all threads tailored to provide a patient-focused learning environment. Students initially learn core and fundamental principles in years 1 and 2, supported by a range of laboratories and practical experimentation. The latter years then encourage the students to corroborate and apply this knowledge, including involvement in a range of project-based learning exercises. The programme is delivered by a core of experienced academic medical engineers, with support from other engineering colleagues, as well as colleagues from the School of Biosciences, the School of Medicine, and the National Health Service. Thus, the programme delivers a wide range of modules which guarantee that graduating students have a thorough understanding of all possible career options. These two factors are significant in making it possible for students to follow their chosen career path upon graduation.

  1. Anthracite as a candidate for lithium ion battery anode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Young-Jun; Yang, Hojung; Yoon, Seong-Ho; Korai, Yozo; Mochida, Isao; Ku, Cha-Hun

    Four kinds of anthracites from different regions were investigated as anodic materials of Li ion secondary battery by varying their calcination temperatures. Hon-gye anthracite calcined at 1000-1150 °C showed a high reversible capacity at low potential region of 0-0.12 V, which is typical with hard carbon. The highest capacity of 370 mAh/g was obtained with the Hon-gye among anthracites calcined at 1100 °C. The graphitization started with the anthracite above 1600 °C to provide capacity at ca. 0.2 V which reflects the intercalation of graphitic carbon. The anthracite calcined at 1000-1150 °C was indicated to carry the largest d002 and smallest Lc(002). And TEM observation showed micropores among the graphite clusters. The large capacity of the anthracite as hard carbon is ascribed to its many micropores among the smallest graphite units which can accommodate highly reduced lithium ions.

  2. A modernização do Arquivo Nacional: uma análise comparativa de 1958-1963 e 1980-1986

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosale de Mattos Souza

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os fatores que contribuíram para o desenvolvimento e modernização do Arquivo Nacional do Brasil, nos períodos de 1958-1963 e 1980-1986, dando ênfase aos modelos administrativos adotados e trajetórias. Analisa os seguintes subtemas: relações do Arquivo Nacional do Brasil com a Administração Pública Federal, do ponto de vista documental, estrutura organizacional, legislação, orçamento, instalações físicas, recursos humanos e tratamento técnico. Da metodologia apresenta-se quadro comparativo das ações desenvolvidas naquelas duas gestões. Constatou-se o início de uma conscientização arquivística no país com a administração do prof. José Honório Rodrigues: a década de 1960, como marco divisório para a administração do Arquivo Nacional, no sentido de dar à instituição um papel mais dinâmico. A administração da drª. Celina Moreira Franco, nos anos 1980, procurou alterar a situação do quadro de deficiências institucional, diagnosticada por José Honório Rodrigues.

  3. Game Edukasi Mengenal Huruf Katakana dan Hiragana Berbasis Android

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Gede Adi Prayoga

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Japanese language is different from other language in general, because in its writing is using Katakana and Hiragana letter. The use of Japanese is in various need, especially in communication for example entertaining tourists. Japanese language learning in Indonesia facing several problems among other are lack of infrastructure in practicing and also boring atmosphere which make students having difficulty in learning. Educational game application for mobile device is a new learning method is considered as a tool to attract one’s interest to learn. Educational Games to Indentify Katakana and Hiragana Letter is created in order to help to overcome the difficulty in learning Japanese Language relate to mastery Katakana and Hiragana letter. Learning material which is implied in the game came from Ni Hon Go 1 and Ni Hon Go No Kyoukasho curriculum. Game have three learning features such as table, letter writing and guessing, there are also entertaining addition features. Based on questionnaire data result on 30 students having difficulty in learning Japanese language, as much as 60% of respondents say that the game was easily understood as a Japanese language learning media.

  4. Quality and readability of English-language internet information for adults with hearing impairment and their significant others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laplante-Lévesque, Ariane; Brännström, K Jonas; Andersson, Gerhard; Lunner, Thomas

    2012-08-01

    This study evaluated the quality and readability of English-language internet information for adults with hearing impairment and their significant others. Two keyword pairs (hearing loss and hearing aids) were entered into five country-specific versions of the most commonly used internet search engine in May 2011. For each of the 10 searches, the first 10 relevant websites were included. After removing duplicates, a total of 66 websites were assessed. Their origin (commercial, non-profit organization, or government), date of last update, quality (Health On the Net (HON) certification and DISCERN scores), and readability (Flesch Reading Ease Score, Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level Formula, and Simple Measure Of Gobbledygook) were assessed. Most websites were of commercial origin and had been updated within the last 18 months. Their quality and readability was highly variable. Only 14% of the websites had HON certification. Websites that were of non-profit organization origin had significantly higher DISCERN scores. Readability measures show that on average, only people with at least 11-12 years of education could read and understand the internet information presented. Based on these results, this article provides a list of recommendations for website developers and clinicians wishing to incorporate internet information into their practice.

  5. A methodology to analyze the quality of health information on the internet: the example of diabetic neuropathy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chumber, Sundeep; Huber, Jörg; Ghezzi, Pietro

    2015-02-01

    The purpose of this work was to evaluate the criteria used to assess the quality of information on diabetic neuropathy on the Internet. Different search engines (Google, Yahoo, Bing, and Ask) and 1 governmental health website (MedlinePlus) were studied. The websites returned (200 for each search engine) were then classified according to their affiliation (eg, commercial, professional, patient groups). A scoring system was devised from the literature to assess quality of information. Websites were also analyzed using the 2 most widely used instruments for assessing the quality of health information, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) scoring system and the Health On the Net Foundation (HON) certification. Professional websites or health portals scored better according to most criteria. Google and MedlinePlus returned results scoring significantly higher than other engines in some of the criteria. The use of different instruments gave different results and indicates that the JAMA score and the HON certification may not be sufficient ones. This methodology could be used to evaluate the reliability and trustworthiness of information on the Internet on different topics to identify topic areas or websites where the available information is not appropriate. © 2014 The Author(s).

  6. The poor quality and reliability of information on periacetabular osteotomy on the internet in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takegami, Yasuhiko; Seki, Taisuke; Amano, Takafumi; Higuchi, Yoshitoshi; Komatsu, Daigo; Nishida, Yoshihiro; Ishiguro, Naoki

    2017-08-01

    Although many patients use the internet to access health-related information, the quality and the reliability of the information is highly inconsistent. Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is one of the surgical procedures for hip dysplasia. However, medical information on PAO is limited on the internet. This study aims to evaluate the quality and reliability of information available on PAO on the internet in Japan. A web search was conducted on two search engines for the following terms: "hip osteotomy," "pelvic osteotomy," and "osteotomy for hip preservation" in Japanese. In total, we found 120 websites. To determine the quality and reliability of information on each website, we used the Health on the Net Foundation (HON) score, the Brief DISCERN score, and an osteotomy-specific content (OSC) score. After eliminating duplicate websites, we reviewed 49 unique websites. Only three websites (6.1%) had good reliability, as indicated by their HON scores. Twelve websites (24.4%) had good-quality information, as measured by their Brief DISCERN scores. As evaluated by their OSC scores, physician websites were found to be biased toward etiology and surgical indication and did not provide information on the complications of procedures. Non-physician websites were generally insufficient. The information about PAO on the internet is, therefore, unreliable and of poor-quality for Japanese patients.

  7. Kinesiology taping and the world wide web: a quality and content analysis of internet-based information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutel, Bryan G; Cardone, Dennis A

    2014-10-01

    Due to limited regulation of websites, the quality and content of online health-related information has been questioned as prior studies have shown that websites often misrepresent orthopaedic conditions and treatments. Kinesio tape has gained popularity among athletes and the general public despite limited evidence supporting its efficacy. The primary objective of this study was to assess the quality and content of Internet-based information on Kinesio taping. An Internet search using the terms "Kinesio tape" and "kinesiology tape" was performed using the Google search engine. Websites returned within the first two pages of results, as well as hyperlinks embedded within these sites, were included in the study. These sites were subsequently classified by type. The quality of the website was determined by the Health On the Net (HON) score, an objective metric based upon recommendations from the United Nations for the ethical representation of health information. A content analysis was performed by noting specific misleading versus balanced features in each website. A total of 31 unique websites were identified. The majority of the websites (71%) were commercial. Out of a total possible 16 points, the mean HON score among the websites was 8.9 points (SD 2.2 points). The number of misleading features was significantly higher than the balanced features (p information. It is of ever-increasing importance that healthcare providers work to ensure that reliable, balanced, and accurate information be available to Internet users. IV.

  8. Thoracic Surgery Information on the Internet: A Multilingual Quality Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davaris, Myles; Barnett, Stephen; Abouassaly, Robert; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2017-05-12

    Previous data suggest that quality of Internet information regarding surgical conditions and their treatments is variable. However, no comprehensive analysis of website quality exists for thoracic surgery. The aim of this study was to quantify website quality in a multilingual setting using an international standard for assessment. Health On the Net (HON) principles may be applied to websites using an automated toolbar function. We used the English, French, Spanish, and German Google search engines to identify 12,000 websites using keywords related to thoracic conditions and procedures. The first 150 websites returned by each keyword in each language were examined. We compared website quality to assess for tertile (is the quality better in first, second, or third 50 websites returned) and language differences. A further analysis of the English site types was undertaken performing a comparative analysis of website provider types. Overall, there are a considerable number of websites devoted to thoracic surgery: "lung cancer" returned over 150 million websites. About 7.85% (940/11,967) of websites are HON-accredited with differences by search term (Pinformative, ethical, and reliable health websites on the Internet and direct patients to them.

  9. Breast reconstruction post mastectomy- Let's Google it. Accessibility, readability and quality of online information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Noel P; Lang, Bronagh; Angelov, Sophia; McGarrigle, Sarah A; Boyle, Terence J; Al-Azawi, Dhafir; Connolly, Elizabeth M

    2017-04-01

    This study evaluated the readability, accessibility and quality of information pertaining to breast reconstruction post mastectomy on the Internet in the English language. Using the Google © search engine the keywords "Breast reconstruction post mastectomy" were searched for. We analyzed the top 75 sites. The Flesch Reading Ease Score and Gunning Fog Index were calculated to assess readability. Web site quality was assessed objectively using the University of Michigan Consumer Health Web site Evaluation Checklist. Accessibility was determined using an automated accessibility tool. In addition, the country of origin, type of organisation producing the site and presence of Health on the Net (HoN) Certification status was recorded. The Web sites were difficult to read and comprehend. The mean Flesch Reading Ease scores were 55.5. The mean Gunning Fog Index scores was 8.6. The mean Michigan score was 34.8 indicating weak quality of websites. Websites with HoN certification ranked higher in the search results (p = 0.007). Website quality was influenced by organisation type (p information on breast reconstruction post mastectomy and procedures is poorly written and we suggest that Webpages providing information must be made more readable and accessible. We suggest that health professionals should recommend Web sites that are easy to read and contain high-quality surgical information. Medical information on the Internet should be readable, accessible, reliable and of a consistent quality. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Partial nephrectomy online: a preliminary evaluation of the quality of health information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fast, Angela M; Deibert, Christopher M; Boyer, Celia; Hruby, Gregory W; McKiernan, James M

    2012-12-01

    What's known on the subject? and What does the study add? Patients are highly likely to access the Internet for health information, and studies have reported that inaccurate or low-quality information may alter patients' expectations and negatively impact informed decision-making. In a unique collaboration with the Health On the Internet (HON) Foundation, we evaluated the top 20 search results for the urology search term 'partial nephrectomy,' and identified the highest and lowest scoring criteria to increase awareness of areas of concern and improvement. To further evaluate the quality of information available on the Internet with regard to the management of localized renal cancer, we evaluated websites providing information on 'partial nephrectomy' in conjunction with the Health On the Internet (HON) Foundation. Many patients now utilize the Internet as a resource to provide further information on disease, treatments and outcomes, and health information on the Internet is largely unregulated. Inaccurate information may contribute to unrealistic expectations and dissatisfied patients. A google.com search identified the top 30 websites for the search term 'partial nephrectomy'. The HON Foundation evaluated each website according to the eight principles for Health on the Internet code of conduct (HONcode) certification and reported the overall frequency of certification, as well as individual website compliance with each of the principles. Overall, seven (23.3%) of 30 websites met the requirements of HONcode certification and an additional two (6.7%) websites were under review to maintain their certification based on updating their resources. The remaining 21 (70%) websites did not meet the standards for certification. The lowest performing criteria included proper citation of medical information and a clear distinction of advertising from editorial content. The low rate of HONcode compliance for these websites illustrates the poor quality of information that

  11. Web-based comparison of historical vs contemporary methods of fetal heart rate interpretation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Epstein, Aaron J; Iriye, Brian K; Hancock, Lyle; Quilligan, Edward J; Rumney, Pamela J; Hancock, Judy; Ghamsary, Mark; Eakin, Cortney M; Smith, Cheryl; Wing, Deborah A

    2016-10-01

    Contemporary interpretation of fetal heart rate patterns is based largely on the tenets of Drs Quilligan and Hon. This method differs from an older method that was championed by Dr Caldeyro-Barcia in recording speed and classification of decelerations. The latter uses a paper speed of 1 cm/min and classifies decelerations referent to uterine contractions as type I or II dips, compared with conventional classification as early, late, or variable with paper speed of 3 cm/min. We hypothesized that 3 cm/min speed may lead to over-analysis of fetal heart rate and that 1 cm/min may provide adequate information without compromising accuracy or efficiency. The purpose of this study was to compare the Hon-Quilligan method of fetal heart rate interpretation with the Caldeyro-Barcia method among groups of obstetrics care providers with the use of an online interactive testing tool. We deidentified 40 fetal heart rate tracings from the terminal 30 minutes before delivery. A website was created to view these tracings with the use of the standard Hon-Quilligan method and adjusted the same tracings to the 1 cm/min monitoring speed for the Caldeyro-Barcia method. We invited 2-4 caregivers to participate: maternal-fetal medicine experts, practicing maternal-fetal medicine specialists, maternal-fetal medicine fellows, obstetrics nurses, and certified nurse midwives. After completing an introductory tutorial and quiz, they were asked to interpret the fetal heart rate tracings (the order was scrambled) to manage and predict maternal and neonatal outcomes using both methods. Their results were compared with those of our expert, Edward Quilligan, and were compared among groups. Analysis was performed with the use of 3 measures: percent classification, Kappa, and adjusted Gwet-Kappa (P < .05 was considered significant). Overall, our results show from moderate to almost perfect agreement with the expert and both between and within examiners (Gwet-Kappa 0.4-0.8). The agreement at each

  12. Qualidade da informação da internet disponível para pacientes em páginas em português Quality of internet information available to patients on websites in Portuguese

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Del Giglio

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Pacientes e seus familiares frequentemente procuram na internet informações a respeito de suas doenças. Diabetes mellitus (DM, hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS e infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM são muito prevalentes no Brasil, e informações sobre estas patologias são bastante procuradas na internet. Por isso, buscamos avaliar a qualidade da informação relacionada com estas doenças disponível em português na internet. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas as primeiras 20 páginas em português de cada uma das doenças escolhidas, através do algoritmo de busca do Google®. Como ferramentas para avaliar a qualidade da informação foram utilizados o Discern Questionnarie (DQ e o Health on Net (HON. Para saber se as informações eram adequadas, foram utilizadas as diretrizes (guidelines brasileiras e internacionais para as diferentes comorbidades. RESULTADOS: Ao avaliar o conteúdo das informações disponíveis, 45%, 95%, 85% das páginas continham, respectivamente, a definição de DM, HAS e IAM. Com relação ao diagnóstico e ao tratamento, somente 25% das páginas das três comorbidades apresentavam especificamente esta informação. Somente 15%, 20% e 10% das páginas tinham a certificação pelo HON, respectivamente. Em função do DQ, as páginas obtiveram notas maiores que 50% em 70% das páginas de DM, 65% nas de HAS e 55% nas de IAM. CONCLUSÃO: A informação disponível em português na internet sobre as três patologias escolhidas (DM, HAS e IAM é frequentemente inadequada e insuficiente.OBJECTIVE: Patients and their relatives often look for information about their diseases on the internet. Diabetes mellitus (DM, systemic arterial hypertension (SAH, and acute myocardial infarction (AMI are the most prevalent in Brazil, thus, information on these pathologies is extremely searched for on the internet. For this reason, this study attempted to evaluate the quality of information available in Portuguese on the web

  13. Maximising safety in the boiler house.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derry, Carr

    2013-03-01

    Last month's HEJ featured an article, the second in our new series of guidance pieces aimed principally at Technician-level engineers, highlighting some of the key steps that boiler operators can take to maximise system performance and efficiency, and thus reduce running both costs and carbon footprint. In the third such article, Derry Carr, C.Env, I.Eng, BSc (Hons), M.I.Plant.E., M.S.O.E., technical manager & group gas manager at Dalkia, who is vice-chairman of the Combustion Engineering Association, examines the key regulatory and safety obligations for hospital energy managers and boiler technicians, a number of which have seen changes in recent years with revision to guidance and other documentation.

  14. Cотрудничество между бизнесом и парламентом станет эффективнее

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Turcan, Romeo V.

    2006-01-01

    This magazine article presents the International Association of Business and Parliament-Moldova (IABP-Moldova) that was launched in Moldova to facilitate a transparent, non-partizan, open dialogue between the Parliament and the business community. One of the objectives of IABP-Moldova is to estab......-Moldova is to establish and strengthen good governance and social dialogue principles. The article features Romeo V. Turcan, Executive Director of IABP-Moldova; Maria Postoico, Deputy Speaker; Rt Hon Bruce George MP, IABP Chairman.......This magazine article presents the International Association of Business and Parliament-Moldova (IABP-Moldova) that was launched in Moldova to facilitate a transparent, non-partizan, open dialogue between the Parliament and the business community. One of the objectives of IABP...

  15. Rhythm as an Evolutionary System: The Musician Immersed in Perception Cycles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Luisa Fridman

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Starting from the idea that it is possible to correlate rhythmic structures to a system that evolves over time and gradually build ever more complex structures, the article discusses rhythmic procedures and their perceptual relationships. We first present theoretical aspects related to rhythm as described by Ravignani, Bowling and Fitch (2014 and Honning, Bouwer and Háden (2014. Then we discuss the notion of embodied cognition introduced by Gibson (1979 and Varela, Thompson and Rosh (2001 and finally the concept of proprioception by Berger (2016. In order to illustrate these concepts we cite procedures based on rhythmic cycles of the Indian raga, on constructing rhythmic threads of African music, and on recent experiments conducted by the author during an ongoing post-doctoral study.

  16. An introduction to thermodynamics and statistical mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Saxena, A K

    2016-01-01

    An Introduction to Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics aims to serve as a text book for undergraduate hons.and postgraduate students of physics. The book covers First Law of Thermodynamics, Entropy and Second Law ofThermodynamics, Thermodynamic Relations, The Statistical Basis of Thermodynamics, Microcanonical Ensemble,Classical Statistical and Canonical Distribution, Grand Canonical Ensemble, Quantum Statistical Mechanics, PhaseTransitions, Fluctuations, Irreversible Processes and Transport Phenomena (Diffusion).SALIENT FEATURES:iC* Offers students a conceptual development of the subjectiC* Review questions at the end of chapters.NEW TO THE SECOND EDITIONiC* PVT SurfacesiC* Real Heat EnginesiC* Van der Waals Models (Qualitative Considerations)iC* Cluster ExpansioniC* Brownian Motion (Einstein's Theory)

  17. Présentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Michel Chaumont

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Le discours sur la traite des êtres humains (anciennement “traite des blanches” puis, entre 1921 et 1949, “traite des femmes et des enfants” est un exemple particulièrement frappant d’une mystification historique plei­nement réussie : au vu de l’ “information” disponible en librairie, l’hon­nête homme, à l’instar sans doute de nombreux lecteurs de cette revue, peut difficilement ne pas croire à la vérité des horribles récits de jeunes filles enlevées par des “réseaux” aussi puissants qu’occu...

  18. Input materials and processing conditions control compost dissolved organic carbon quality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straathof, Angela L; Comans, Rob N J

    2015-03-01

    Dissolved organic carbon (DOC) has been proposed as an indicator of compost maturity and stability. Further fractionation of compost DOC may be useful for determining how particular composting conditions will influence DOC quality. Eleven composts ranging in input materials and processing techniques were analyzed; concentrations of DOC ranged from 428 mg kg(-1) to 7300 mg kg(-1). Compost DOC was qualified by fractionation into pools of humic acids (HA), fulvic acids (FA), hydrophobic neutrals (HoN), and hydrophilic (Hi) compounds. The range in proportion of DOC pools was highly variable, even for composts with similar total DOC concentrations. Longer composting time and higher temperatures consistently corresponded with a depletion of hydrophilics, suggesting a preferential turnover of these compounds during the thermophilic composting phase. Qualification of DOC pools through fractionation may be an informative tool in predicting the effects of a processing technique on compost quality and, ultimately, soil functional processes. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Bank Customers Management System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebubeogu Amarachukwu Felix

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT The purpose of this project is in partial fulfilment of the requirements of Bachelor of Science Hon in Information Technology. The Design and development of this Bank customers Management system provides a more secured approach in managing bank customers information which strengthens the relationships between banks and their customers by providing the right solutions that uses a multi-level security to improve customer satisfaction. The technology used in developing this project is ASP.NET and the programming language used to develop this project is C and the IDE used is Microsoft Visual Studio 2013 professional in designing the front end while the back end uses Microsoft SQL Server 2012.

  20. Muusika : Kremer tuleb üllatama. Bartokiga Pariisis. Raimo Kangro CD kiitvad arvustused. Festivalikorraldajad ühendavad jõud. EOÜ kolmas tegevusaasta. Jüri Pärg 50 aastat laval. Harri Vasar 75. Ernesaksa nimelised stipendiumid / Heili Vaus-Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vaus-Tamm, Heili, 1961-

    2001-01-01

    Tartus ja Tallinnas annab kontserte Gidon Kremer ja tema orkester Kremerata Baltica. 30.XI toimus Pariisis Liszti saalis HonEst Quintette debüütkontsert, kus kanti ette Bela Bartoki kammerloomingut. Saksa muusikaajakirjad Fono Forum ning Piano News arvustavad Raimo Kangro hiljuti välja antud CDd. 11.XII kohtusid kultuuriministeeriumis süvamuusikafestivalide korraldajad. 7.XII tuli EMA orelisaalis kokku Eesti Orelisõprade Ühingu aastakoosolek, juhatuse esimees A.-P. Lattik. Jüri Pärg märkis soolokontserdiga 25.XII Estonia talveaias oma 70. sünnipäeva ja 50 lava-aastat. Estonia talveaias meenutatukse Harri Vasarat, kes saanuks 75. aastaseks. 15.XII antakse TÜ aulas traditsioonilisel jõulukontserdil üle tänavused Gustav Ernesaksa nimelised stipendiumid.

  1. Discourse analysis--making connections between knowledge and power: an interview with Debbie Payne by Lynne S. Giddings and Pamela J. Wood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, Debbie

    2002-07-01

    Discourse analysis is a relative newcomer to the variety of qualitative research methodologies used in nursing and midwifery research in Aotearoa/New Zealand. This is the seventh article in a series based on interviews with nursing and midwifery researchers, designed to offer the beginning researcher a first-hand account of the experience of using particular methodologies. This article focuses on discourse analysis as interpreted by Debbie Payne (RGON, MA [Hons]) in interview. Debbie has recently finished her PhD thesis (submitted for examination) and is a Senior Lecturer at the Auckland University of Technology. For her thesis Debbie used Foucauldian discourse analysis to explore the use of the term 'elderly primigravida' to describe mothers who are pregnant for the first time when aged 35 years or over.

  2. Att översätta könsneutralt : En empirisk undersökning med fokus på översättning till svenska och tyska på Europaparlamentet

    OpenAIRE

    Melzer, Sarah Maria

    2011-01-01

    I denna uppsats undersöks om, och i så fall hur, man översätter könsneutralt på Europaparlamentet. Man kan översätta könsneutralt genom att till exempel skriva han eller hon, använda passiv eller plural. För att kunna undersöka hur man översätter könsneutralt, redogörs för vad genus och könsneutralt språk är, vilken roll genus spelar för denna typ av översättning, vilka olika genusaspekter som är viktiga för tyska och svenska, och terminologiska aspekter. Den teoretiska utgångspunkten bygger ...

  3. Development of a group work assessment pedagogy using constructive alignment theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croy, Suzanne R

    2018-02-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explore group work assessment underpinned by constructive alignment theory to develop a new assessment pedagogy. A review was undertaken of an existing module 'Mental Health Nursing 1', with student nurses participating in the BSc (Hons) Nursing Programme. Constructive alignment theory requires teachers to adopt a deep approach to learning where module learning outcomes are aligned with the teaching environment and modes of assessment. As the module progressed, reviewing the Mental Health Nursing 1 module became an excellent opportunity to begin to understand how constructive alignment theory can inform a group work assessment pedagogy. Working using a constructively aligned assessment process became a valuable learning experience for the module leader whilst at the same time revealed a gap in the research around the impact of constructively aligned teaching and group work assessment. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Pomocný pohon silničních HPV

    OpenAIRE

    Novák, Lukáš

    2011-01-01

    Tato bakalářská práce je zaměřena na popis moderních trendů v oblasti pomocných po-honů silničních vozidel poháněných lidskou silou. Zabývá se jejich základní konstrukcí, nej-důležitějšími součástmi, možností rekuperace a naznačuje budoucí vývoj. This bachelor’s thesis is focused on the description of modern trends in additional drives of human powered vehicles study. It deals with the basic structures, the most important parts, recovery possibility and suggests future developments. C...

  5. Producción de abono orgánico por medio del cultivo de la lombriz coqueta roja (Eisenia foetida)

    OpenAIRE

    Delmar Cruz; Edgar López de León; Luis Felipe Pascual; Massimo Battaglia

    2011-01-01

    El articulo “Producción de abono orgánico por medio del cultivo de lombriz coqueta roja (Eisenia foetida)” es una de las publicaciones técnicas elaborado por el Programa Café y Caffè con el objetivo de beneficiar a los técnicos, los productores de café de calidad y los operadores del sector del café. El Programa Red Regional para el apoyo a las Asociaciones de pequeños productores de café de la América Central y Caribe implica seis Países: Guatemala, República Dominicana, El Salvador, Hon...

  6. President-elect looks to the challenge ahead.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baillie, Jonathan

    2012-09-01

    Next month's Healthcare Estates conference and exhibition will see a new IHEEM President take up the reins, as Greg Markham, BEng (Hons) CEng FIHEEM MIET MBIFM, unusual in being one of very few private sector employees to have taken on the role (he is currently technical services director at G4S Integrated Services [UK]), succeeds Paul Kingsmore. HEJ editor, Jonathan Baillie, met Greg Markham in London to find out more about his professional background, career, and interests, talk through the key challenges he believes healthcare estates and engineering personnel will face as the NHS enters a new era, and discuss how he plans to use the experience and expertise gained during an extremely varied 25-year career in estates and facilities management and engineering--both within and outside healthcare--to good effect in the new role.

  7. NMR fingerprints of the drug-like natural-product space identify iotrochotazine A: a chemical probe to study Parkinson's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grkovic, Tanja; Pouwer, Rebecca H; Vial, Marie-Laure; Gambini, Luca; Noël, Alba; Hooper, John N A; Wood, Stephen A; Mellick, George D; Quinn, Ronald J

    2014-06-10

    The NMR spectrum of a mixture of small molecules is a fingerprint of all of its components. Herein, we present an NMR fingerprint method that takes advantage of the fact that fractions contain simplified NMR profiles, with minimal signal overlap, to allow the identification of unique spectral patterns. The approach is exemplified in the identification of a novel natural product, iotrochotazine A (1), sourced from an Australian marine sponge Iotrochota sp. Compound 1 was used as a chemical probe in a phenotypic assay panel based on human olfactory neurosphere-derived cells (hONS) from idiopathic Parkinson's disease patients. Compound 1 at 1 μM was not cytotoxic but specifically affected the morphology and cellular distribution of lysosomes and early endosomes. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  8. Trends in internet search activity, media coverage, and patient-centered health information after the FDA safety communications on surgical mesh for pelvic organ prolapse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stone, Benjamin V; Forde, James C; Levit, Valerie B; Lee, Richard K; Te, Alexis E; Chughtai, Bilal

    2016-11-01

    In July 2011, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued a safety communication regarding serious complications associated with surgical mesh for pelvic organ prolapse, prompting increased media and public attention. This study sought to analyze internet search activity and news article volume after this FDA warning and to evaluate the quality of websites providing patient-centered information. Google Trends™ was utilized to evaluate search engine trends for the term "pelvic organ prolapse" and associated terms between 1 January 2004 and 31 December 2014. Google News™ was utilized to quantify the number of news articles annually under the term "pelvic organ prolapse." The search results for the term "pelvic organ prolapse" were assessed for quality using the Health On the Net Foundation (HON) certification. There was a significant increase in search activity from 37.42 in 2010 to 57.75 in 2011, at the time of the FDA communication (p = 0.021). No other annual interval had a statistically significant increase in search activity. The single highest monthly search activity, given the value of 100, was August 2011, immediately following the July 2011 notification, with the next highest value being 98 in July 2011. Linear regression analysis of news articles per year since the FDA communication revealed r 2  = 0.88, with a coefficient of 186. Quality assessment demonstrated that 42 % of websites were HON-certified, with .gov sites providing the highest quality information. Although the 2011 FDA safety communication on surgical mesh was associated with increased public and media attention, the quality of relevant health information on the internet remains of poor quality. Future quality assurance measures may be critical in enabling patients to play active roles in their own healthcare.

  9. Popular apps on the medical category targeting patients and the general public in the United Kingdom: Do they conform to the Health On the Net Foundation principles?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben-Mussa, Ali; Paget, Anthony M

    2016-08-26

    Smartphones with their rising popularity and versatile software 'apps' have great potential for revolutionising healthcare services. However, this was soon overshadowed by concerns highlighted by many studies over quality. These were subject and/or discipline specific and mostly evaluated compliance with a limited number of information portrayal standards originally devised for health websites. Hence, this study aimed to take a broader approach by evaluating the most popular apps categorised as medical in the United Kingdom for compliance with all of those standards systematically using the Health On the Net (HON) Foundation principles.The study evaluated top 50 free and paid apps of the 'medical' category on both iTunes and Google stores for evidence of compliance with an app-adapted version of the HON Foundation code of conduct. The sample included 64 apps, 34/64 (53%) were on Google Play and 36/64 (56%) were free. None of the apps managed to comply with the entire eight principles. Compliance with seven principles was achieved by only one app (1.6%), and the rest were compliant with three, two, and one (14.7%, 27%, and 38%, respectively).In conclusion, this study demonstrated that most popular apps on the medical category that are available in the United Kingdom do not meet the standards for presenting health information to the public, and this is consistent with earlier studies. Improving the situation would require raising the public awareness, providing tools that would assist in quality evaluation, encouraging developers to use robust development process, and facilitating collaboration and engagement among the stakeholders. © The Author(s) 2016.

  10. Adult survivorship of the dengue mosquito Aedes aegypti varies seasonally in central Vietnam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leon E Hugo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The survival characteristics of the mosquito Aedes aegypti affect transmission rates of dengue because transmission requires infected mosquitoes to survive long enough for the virus to infect the salivary glands. Mosquito survival is assumed to be high in tropical, dengue endemic, countries like Vietnam. However, the survival rates of wild populations of mosquitoes are seldom measured due the difficulty of predicting mosquito age. Hon Mieu Island in central Vietnam is the site of a pilot release of Ae. aegypti infected with a strain of Wolbachia pipientis bacteria (wMelPop that induces virus interference and mosquito life-shortening. We used the most accurate mosquito age grading approach, transcriptional profiling, to establish the survival patterns of the mosquito population from the population age structure. Furthermore, estimations were validated on mosquitoes released into a large semi-field environment consisting of an enclosed house, garden and yard to incorporate natural environmental variability. Mosquito survival was highest during the dry/cool (January-April and dry/hot (May-August seasons, when 92 and 64% of Hon Mieu mosquitoes had survived to an age that they were able to transmit dengue (12 d, respectively. This was reduced to 29% during the wet/cool season from September to December. The presence of Ae. aegypti older than 12 d during each season is likely to facilitate the observed continuity of dengue transmission in the region. We provide season specific Ae. aegypti survival models for improved dengue epidemiology and evaluation of mosquito control strategies that aim to reduce mosquito survival to break the dengue transmission cycle.

  11. Characterization and biotoxicity assessment of dissolved organic matter in RO concentrate from a municipal wastewater reclamation reverse osmosis system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Ying-Xue; Gao, Yue; Hu, Hong-Ying; Tang, Fang; Yang, Zhe

    2014-12-01

    Reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate from municipal wastewater reclamation reverse osmosis (mWRRO) system containing organic compounds may associate with toxic risk, and its discharge might pose an environmental risk. To identify a basis for the selection of feasible technology in treating RO concentrates, the characteristics and biotoxicity of different fractions of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in RO concentrates from an mWRRO system were investigated. The results indicated that the hydrophilic neutrals (HIN), hydrophobic acids (HOA) and hydrophobic bases (HOB) accounted for 96% of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) of the total DOM in the RO concentrate. According to the SEC chromatograph detected at 254 nm wavelength of UV, the DOM with molecular weight (MW) 1-3 kDa accounted for the majority of the basic and neutral fractions. The fluorescence spectra of the excitation emission matrix (EEM) indicated that most aromatic proteins, humic/fulvic acid-like and soluble microbial by-product-like substances existed in the fractions HOA and hydrophobic neutrals (HON). The genotoxicity and anti-estrogenic activity of the RO concentrate were 1795.6 ± 57.2 μg 4-NQOL(-1) and 2.19 ± 0.05 mg TAM L(-1), respectively. The HIN, HOA, and HOB contributed to the genotoxicity of the RO concentrate, and the HIN was with the highest genotoxic level of 1007.9 ± 94.8 μg 4-NQOL(-1). The HOA, HON, and HIN lead to the total anti-estrogenic activity of the RO concentrate, and HOA occupied approximately 60% of the total, which was 1.3 ± 0.17 mg TAM L(-1). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. An Alternate Compliance Strategy for Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brothers, Heidi S

    1997-04-01

    An alternate compliance strategy (ACS) is developed which incorporates pollution prevention and flexibility to replace traditional end-of-pipe (EOP) control strategy regulation. The ACS takes into consideration the intent of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) to incorporate pollution prevention into regulations and provides a viable mechanism for implementation. This proposed new compliance strategy was developed after studying the CAAA regulations, related compliance issues, and pollution prevention literature. The ACS is defined by amending language in the Hazardous Organic National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (HON) regulation into a performance-based standard permitting regulated facilities to design compliance programs to meet all requirements. A change in regulation is considered reasonable only if it forces the same emission reductions, reduces risk a comparable amount, and is acceptable to the public, the regulators, and the regulated industry. In order to demonstrate that the ACS can meet all these requirements, an example application is summarized from an ethylene oxide-ethylene glycol plant. The example demonstrates that the ACS reduces hazardous air pollution (HAP) emissions more than the HON rule requires. Three evaluation methods are developed and applied to further demonstrate the acceptability of the ACS. They include a qualitative evaluation matrix, a total cost assessment, and a risk reduction measurement model. Results indicate that the ACS provided a preferable compliance program. The ACS should be adopted as an alternative method of compliance. It provides a major step in the progression of regulations from the traditional EOP treatment philosophy to pollution prevention performance-based standards.

  13. 'Can you recommend any good STI apps?' A review of content, accuracy and comprehensiveness of current mobile medical applications for STIs and related genital infections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibbs, Jo; Gkatzidou, Voula; Tickle, Laura; Manning, Sarah R; Tilakkumar, Tilna; Hone, Kate; Ashcroft, Richard E; Sonnenberg, Pam; Sadiq, S Tariq; Estcourt, Claudia S

    2017-06-01

    Seeking sexual health information online is common, and provision of mobile medical applications (apps) for STIs is increasing. Young people, inherently at higher risk of STIs, are avid users of technology, and apps could be appealing sources of information. We undertook a comprehensive review of content and accuracy of apps for people seeking information about STIs. Search of Google Play and iTunes stores using general and specific search terms for apps regarding STIs and genital infections (except HIV), testing, diagnosis and management, 10 September 2014 to 16 September 2014. We assessed eligible apps against (1) 19 modified Health on The Net (HON) Foundation principles; and (2) comprehensiveness and accuracy of information on STIs/genital infections, and their diagnosis and management, compared with corresponding National Health Service STI information webpage content. 144/6642 apps were eligible. 57 were excluded after downloading. 87 were analysed. Only 29% of apps met ≥6 HON criteria. Content was highly variable: 34/87 (39%) covered one or two infections; 40 (46%) covered multiple STIs; 5 (6%) focused on accessing STI testing. 13 (15%) were fully, 46 (53%) mostly and 28 (32%) partially accurate. 25 (29%) contained ≥1 piece of potentially harmful information. Apps available on both iOS and Android were more accurate than single-platform apps. Only one app provided fully accurate and comprehensive information on chlamydia. Marked variation in content, quality and accuracy of available apps combined with the nearly one-third containing potentially harmful information risks undermining potential benefits of an e-Health approach to sexual health and well-being. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  14. Assessment of readability, quality and popularity of online information on ureteral stents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mozafarpour, Sarah; Norris, Briony; Borin, James; Eisner, Brian H

    2018-02-12

    To evaluate the quality and readability of online information on ureteral stents. Google.com was queried using the search terms "ureteric stent", "ureteral stent", "double J stent" and, "Kidney stent" derived from Google AdWords. Website popularity was determined using Google Rank and the Alexa tool. Website quality assessment was performed using the following criteria: Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks, Health on the Net (HON) criteria, and a customized DISCERN questionnaire. The customized DISCERN questionnaire was developed by combining the short validated DISCERN questionnaire with additional stent-specific items including definition, placement, complications, limitations, removal and "when to seek help". Scores related to stent items were considered as the "stent score" (SS). Readability was evaluated using five readability tests. Thirty-two websites were included. The mean customized DISCERN score and "stent score" were 27.1 ± 7.1 (maximum possible score = 59) and 14.6 ± 3.8 (maximum possible score = 24), respectively. A minority of websites adequately addressed "stent removal" and "when to seek medical attention". Only two websites (6.3%) had HON certification (drugs.com, radiologyinfo.org) and only one website (3.3%) met all JAMA criteria (bradyurology.blogspot.com). Readability level was higher than the American Medical Association recommendation of sixth-grade level for more than 75% of the websites. There was no correlation between Google rank, Alexa rank, and the quality scores (P > 0.05). Among the 32 most popular websites on the topic of ureteral stents, online information was highly variable. The readability of many of the websites was far higher than standard recommendations and the online information was questionable in many cases. These findings suggest a need for improved online resources in order to better educate patients about ureteral stents and also should inform physicians that popular websites may

  15. Significance of weak interactions in imidazolium picrate ionic liquids: spectroscopic and theoretical studies for molecular level understanding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panja, Sumit Kumar; Dwivedi, Nidhi; Noothalapati, Hemanth; Shigeto, Shinsuke; Sikder, A K; Saha, Abhijit; Sunkari, Sailaja S; Saha, Satyen

    2015-07-21

    The effects of interionic hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking interactions on the physical properties of a new series of picrate anion based ionic liquids (ILs) have been investigated experimentally and theoretically. The existence of aromatic (C2-HO) and aliphatic (C7-HO-N22 and C6-HO-N20) hydrogen bonding and π-π stacking interactions in these ILs has been observed using various spectroscopic techniques. The aromatic and aliphatic C-HO hydrogen bonding interactions are found to have a crucial role in binding the imidazolium cation and picrate anion together. However, the π-π stacking interactions between two successive layers are found to play a decisive role in tight packing in ILs leading to differences in physical properties. The drastic difference in the melting points of the methyl and propyl derivatives (mmimPic and pmimPic respectively) have been found to be primarily due to the difference in the strength and varieties of π-π stacking interactions. While in mmimPic, several different types of π-π stacking interactions between the aromatic rings (such as picrate-picrate, picrate-imidazole and imidazolium-imidazolium cation rings) are observed, only one type of π-π stacking interaction (picrate-picrate rings) is found to exist in the pmimPic IL. NMR spectroscopic studies reveal that the interaction of these ILs with solvent molecules is different and depends on the dielectric constant of the solvent. While an ion solvation model explains the solvation in high dielectric solvents, an ion-pair solvation model is found to be more appropriate for low dielectric constant solvents. The enhanced stability of these investigated picrate ILs compared with that of inorganic picrate salts under high doses of γ radiation clearly indicates the importance of weak interionic interactions in ILs, and also opens up the possibility of the application of picrate ILs as prospective diluents in nuclear separation for advanced fuel cycling process.

  16. Online Information on the Treatment of Burning Mouth Syndrome: Quality and Readability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alnafea, Shatha; Fedele, Stefano; Porter, Stephen; Ni Riordain, Richeal

    2017-01-01

    To evaluate the quality and readability of online information about the treatment of burning mouth syndrome (BMS). An internet search using the phrase "burning mouth syndrome treatment" was carried out on the Google search engine (www.google.co.uk) on 8 June 2015, and the first 100 websites listed were examined. Data collection included DISCERN score, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks for website analysis score, the presence of the Health on the Net (HON) Foundation seal, and the Flesch Reading Ease Score (FRES). Descriptive statistics were performed using Microsoft Office Excel. The search strategy initially yielded 635,000 links; following the application of the exclusion criteria, 53 sites remained for analysis. The overall DISCERN score varied between websites, with half of all websites achieving an overall score of 2 and none of these websites achieving the maximum score of 5. The mean score ± standard deviation (SD) was 2.4 ± 0.7. Only 10 (18.9%) of the websites achieved the four JAMA benchmarks while 3 (5.7%) of the websites did not achieve any of them. Only 9 (17%) displayed the HON seal. The FRES of the websites ranged from 32.4 to 82.2; the mean ± SD rating was 55.4 ± 10.7, which is considered to reflect fairly difficult reading. The information available online about BMS is of questionable quality and content. Perhaps engaging patients in determining what type and format of information they desire when searching online for health information could guide clinicians and researchers alike in providing reliable and readable information sources.

  17. Cirugia Plastica Basica para el no especialista Autor: Prof. Dr. Felipe Coiffman, FACS

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Juan Carlos Fernández

    2015-01-01

    ... médico a resolver problemas frecuentes que corresponden a la cirugía plástica. Esta obra contiene los siguientes temas: 1. Cirugía de la piel. Tumores. Cicatrices. Mordeduras. Cicatrización normal y patológica...

  18. FTIR Spectroelectrochemical Studies on [Ru 3 (CO) 12 ] and fac -[Re ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Incorporation of wire mesh platinum electrodes into a standard infrared solution cell yielded an inexpensive and easy to maintain optically transparent thin layer electrochemical (OTTLE) cell, well suited for IR analysis of species with half-lives of seconds to minutes. As test bed, two reactions were investigated, which are ...

  19. Detection and transmission of extracellular fac-tor producing Streptococcus suis serotype 2 strains in pigs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Swildens, B.

    2009-01-01

    DETECTION AND TRANSMISSION OF EXTRACELLULAR FACTOR PRODUCING STREPTOCOCCUS SUIS SEROTYPE 2 STRAINS IN PIGS INTRODUCTION Streptococcus suis (S.suis) has been implicated in the etiology of many diseases among which meningitis in pigs. The virulent extracellular factor-positive strains of S.suis

  20. Pattern formation in single-phase FAC. A stability analysis of an oxide layer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zinemanas, Daniel [The Israel Electric Corp., Haifa (Israel). Dept. of Chemistry; Herszage, Amiel [The Israel Electric Corp., Haifa (Israel). Dept. of Energy Technologies Development

    2013-03-15

    Pattern formation is a salient characteristic of the flow-accelerated corrosion process, particularly in single-phase flow, where a typical ''orange peel'' surface texture is normally formed. The process of such pattern formation is, however, not well understood. In order to gain some insight into the role of the various processes and parameters involved in this process, a linear stability analysis of an oxide layer based on the Sanchez-Caldera model was performed. According to the results obtained in this study, it follows that the oxide layer is stable regarding perturbations of the oxide thickness or the reaction constant, but it is unstable in respect to perturbations of the mass transfer coefficient. These results suggest therefore that the flow, and not local surface in homogeneities, plays a central role in the pattern formation process. (orig.)

  1. Genome editing using FACS enrichment of nuclease-expressing cells and indel detection by amplicon analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lonowski, Lindsey A; Narimatsu, Yoshiki; Riaz, Anjum

    2017-01-01

    This protocol describes methods for increasing and evaluating the efficiency of genome editing based on the CRISPR-Cas9 (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats-CRISPR-associated 9) system, transcription activator-like effector nucleases (TALENs) or zinc-finger nucleases (ZFNs...

  2. Facéties de la visagéïté.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Camacho-Hübner

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available Trois fils de fer dorés à la feuille d’or, perchés sur un poteau d’une dizaine de mètres de haut et tordus de manière à tromper l’ennui du passant attentif. La sculpture qui trône sur le côté nord de la Place du Rhône à Genève est une belle métaphore du débat français autour du référendum sur la constitution européenne. L’espace de la place représente à la fois la frontière floue entre l’acceptation et le rejet du Traité constitutionnel, et l’espace public ...

  3. Re-casting the FAC Net: People, Platforms, and Policy in Forward Air Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-01

    Lt Col Timothy M. Cullen 12 May 2015 _______________________________ Dr. Stephen Chiabotti 12 May 2015...balanced throughout the months of research and writing. I also want to thank my advisors, Lt Col Timothy M. Cullen and Dr. Stephen Chiabotti, for...denying the Israeli’s freedom of movement in the air. Carlos Kopp, “Surface to Air Missile Effectiveness in Past Conflicts,” Defense Today 8, no. 2

  4. Improving the characterization of endothelial progenitor cell subsets by an optimized FACS protocol.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Huizer

    Full Text Available The characterization of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs is fundamental to any study related to angiogenesis. Unfortunately, current literature lacks consistency in the definition of EPC subsets due to variations in isolation strategies and inconsistencies in the use of lineage markers. Here we address critical points in the identification of hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs, circulating endothelial cells (CECs, and culture-generated outgrowth endothelial cells (OECs from blood samples of healthy adults (AB and umbilical cord (UCB. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs were enriched using a Ficoll-based gradient followed by an optimized staining and gating strategy to enrich for the target cells. Sorted EPC populations were subjected to RT-PCR for tracing the expression of markers beyond the limits of cell surface-based immunophenotyping. Using CD34, CD133 and c-kit staining, combined with FSC and SSC, we succeeded in the accurate and reproducible identification of four HPC subgroups and found significant differences in the respective populations in AB vs. UCB. Co-expression analysis of endothelial markers on HPCs revealed a complex pattern characterized by various subpopulations. CECs were identified by using CD34, KDR, CD45, and additional endothelial markers, and were subdivided according to their apoptotic state and expression of c-kit. Comparison of UCB-CECs vs. AB-CECs revealed significant differences in CD34 and KDR levels. OECs were grown from PBMC-fractions We found that viable c-kit+ CECs are a candidate circulating precursor for CECs. RT-PCR to angiogenic factors and receptors revealed that all EPC subsets expressed angiogenesis-related molecules. Taken together, the improvements in immunophenotyping and gating strategies resulted in accurate identification and comparison of better defined cell populations in a single procedure.

  5. Framework for Analytic Cognition (FAC): A Guide for Doing All-Source Intelligence Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    is about to make a dramatically wrong decision.”15 3.2.1. Background Since at least the days of the Greek philosophers, the state of mind has been...was also expanded by giving the participants examples of competent results of grammar use. The least competent participants were unable to recognize...meanings and distinctions among words, knowledge of grammar , and the ability to organize sentences and paragraphs.58 Other articles in intelligence

  6. Highly sensitive proteome analysis of FACS-sorted adult colon stem cells

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Di Palma, S.; Stange, D.E.; van de Wetering, M.L.; Clevers, H.; Heck, A.; Mohammed, S.

    2011-01-01

    In proteomics, multidimensional liquid chromatography combined with mass spectrometry has become a standard technique to reduce sample complexity and tackle the vast dynamic range. Such fractionation is necessary to obtain a comprehensive analysis of biological samples such as tissues and cell

  7. Comparison of the activities of wild type and mutant enhancing fac ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Enhancing factor (EF) protein, an isoform of secretory phospholipase A2 (PLA2), was purified as a modulator of epidermal growth factor from the small intestine of the Balb/c mouse. It was for the first time that a growth modulatory property of sPLA2 was demonstrated. Deletion mutation analysis of EF cDNA carried out in our ...

  8. Safe sorting of GFP-transduced live cells for subsequent culture using a modified FACS vantage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, T U; Gram, G J; Nielsen, S D

    1999-01-01

    . Safety tests with bacteriophages were performed to evaluate the potential spread of biologically active material during cell sorting. Cells transduced with a retroviral vector carrying the gene for GFP were sorted on the basis of their GFP fluorescence, and GFP expression was followed during subsequent...... culture. RESULTS: The bacteriophage sorting showed that the biologically active material was confined to the sorting chamber. A failure mode simulating a nozzle blockage resulted in detectable droplets inside the sorting chamber, but no droplets could be detected when an additional air suction from...... the sorting chamber had been put on. The GFP transduced cells were sorted to 99% purity. Cells not expressing GFP at the time of sorting did not turn on the gene during subsequent culture. Un-sorted cells and cells sorted to be positive for GFP showed a decrease in the fraction of GFP positive cells during...

  9. 48 CFR 301.607-71 - FAC-P/PM levels and requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-building, and writing. (4) Technical Competencies: Includes contracting, financial management, quality assurance, and risk management. (5) Essential Competencies and Proficiencies: Includes management processes... Certification—Program and Project Managers—Information Technology Technical Competencies, in the P/PM Handbook...

  10. QOI6/416: The Health On the Net Code of Conduct for Medical and Health-related Web sites: Three years on

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyer, C; Baujard, V; Nater, T; Scherrer, JR; Appel, RD

    1999-01-01

    Introduction The explosive growth of the World Wide Web has made it more and more urgent to monitor and improve the quality of the information circulating through the Internet. But assessing medical and health information on the Web is a difficult challenge. In recent years, some organisations have been working on this issue. The Health On the Net Foundation (HON), for its part, administers an eight-point Code of Conduct called the HONcode, initiated in 1996. This solution is different from the others. The HONcode does not intend to rate or assess the quality of information provided by a Web site. This article gives a general presentation of the HONcode and its status in 1999, three years after it was launched. Methods It defines a set of voluntary rules designed to help a Web developer site practice responsible and to make sure a reader always knows the source and the purpose of the information he or she is reading. These guidelines encourage the authority, complimentarity, confidentiality, proper attribution, justifiability and validity of the medical advice and information provided. Furthermore, sites that subscribe to the HONcode commit themselves to providing transparent information on site sponsorship and clearly separating advertising and editorial content. Results In 1998, the number of external links to the HONcode principles page grew by about 250% (e.g., from 2 to 5) . The rate of increase from January through April, 1999, suggests 300% this year. The growth in the number of links to the HONcode matches that of links to of the entire Web site, and is slightly higher than growth in links to HON's MedHunt search engine. Statistical analysis shows that approximately 50% of Web sites linked to the HONcode principles have a commercial domain name, 16% are from European countries, 15% are from non-profit organisations, and 7% are educational sites. Discussion This evolution shows a real need of guidelines for the developers of medical and health Web sites and

  11. O exercício do poder e a exclusão de indivíduos e de línguas da sociedade brasileira = Power politics and the exclusion of individuals and languages in Brazilian society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Adriana de Souza

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Neste artigo abordaremos o modo como a implantação do bilinguismo, emmeados da década de 1970, consistiu em um mecanismo de poder que buscou domesticar a diferença linguística existente entre os povos indígenas do Brasil, por meio da implantação do português. Os pressupostos teóricos da Análise de Discurso (AD contribuíram paraverificarmos as condições de produção e o contexto sócio-histórico em que o ensino bilíngue foi implantado. Junto a essa teoria temos, também, os estudos de Foucault (2005 que problematizam o modo como o poder se espalha por todas as instâncias da sociedade, excluindo determinados grupos e os aspectos culturais relacionados a eles, e os de Honório (2006 que discutem a implantação do bilinguismo no Brasil. É no cruzamento entre essas teorias que buscamos refletir sobre a problemática referente à implantação do bilinguismo,trazendo, como exemplo ilustrativo, um levantamento da situação linguística de um grupo de Kaingang.Current essay analyzes the introduction of bilingualism in the mid-1970s as a strategy of power politics to domesticate linguistic differences among the indigenous peoples of Brazil. Discourse Analysis’s theoretical presuppositions verify the production conditions and the social and historical context in which bilingual learning was introduced and established. Coupled to the above, Foucault’s studies problematize the manner power spreads throughout society with the exclusion of certain groups and culturalaspects linked to them. Further, Honório (2006 investigates the introduction of bilingualism in Brazil. Issues on the problem of the introduction of bilingualism have been produced through the intercrossing of the above-mentioned theories with special referenceto the linguistic situation of a Kaingang indigenous community.

  12. Geological mapping of the Kuiper quadrangle (H06) of Mercury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomini, Lorenza; Massironi, Matteo; Galluzzi, Valentina

    2017-04-01

    Kuiper quadrangle (H06) is located at the equatorial zone of Mercury and encompasses the area between longitudes 288°E - 360°E and latitudes 22.5°N - 22.5°S. The quadrangle was previously mapped for its most part by De Hon et al. (1981) that, using Mariner10 data, produced a final 1:5M scale map of the area. In this work we present the preliminary results of a more detailed geological map (1:3M scale) of the Kuiper quadrangle that we compiled using the higher resolution of MESSENGER data. The main basemap used for the mapping is the MDIS (Mercury Dual Imaging System) 166 m/pixel BDR (map-projected Basemap reduced Data Record) mosaic. Additional datasets were also taken into account, such as DLR stereo-DEM of the region (Preusker et al., 2016), global mosaics with high-incidence illumination from the east and west (Chabot et al., 2016) and MDIS global color mosaic (Denevi et al., 2016). The preliminary geological map shows that the western part of the quadrangle is characterized by a prevalence of crater materials (i.e. crater floor, crater ejecta) which were distinguished into three classes on the basis of their degradation degree (Galluzzi et al., 2016). Different plain units were also identified and classified as: (i) intercrater plains, represented by densely cratered terrains, (ii) intermediate plains, which are terrains with a moderate density of superposed craters, and (iii) smooth plains, which are poorly cratered volcanic deposits emplaced mainly on the larger crater floors. Finally, several structures were mapped all over the quadrangle. Most of these features are represented by thrusts, some of which appear to form systematic alignments. In particular, two main thrust systems have been identified: i) the "Thakur" system, a 1500 km-long system including several scarps with a NNE-SSW orientation, located at the edge between the Kuiper and Beethoven (H07) quadrangles; ii) the "Santa Maria" system, located at the centre of the quadrangle. It is a 1700 km

  13. Categorization of Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations in American and European Practice: Importance and Imperative of Avoiding Framing and Confirmation Biases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sholapurkar, Shashikant L

    2015-09-01

    Interpretation of electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) remains controversial and unsatisfactory. Fetal heart rate (FHR) decelerations are the commonest aberrant feature on cardiotocographs and considered "center-stage" in the interpretation of EFM. A recent American study suggested that the lack of correlation of American three-tier system to neonatal acidemia may be due to the current peculiar nomenclature of FHR decelerations leading to loss of meaning. The pioneers like Hon and Caldeyro-Barcia classified decelerations based primarily on time relationship to contractions and not on etiology per se. This critical analysis debates pros and cons of significant anchoring/framing and confirmation biases in defining different types of decelerations based primarily on the shape (slope) or time of descent. It would be important to identify benign early decelerations correctly to avoid unnecessary intervention as well as to improve the positive predictive value of the other types of decelerations. Currently the vast majority of decelerations are classed as "variable". This review shows that the most common rapid decelerations during contractions with trough corresponding to peak of contraction cannot be explained by "cord-compression" hypothesis but by direct/pure (defined here as not mediated through baro-/chemoreceptors) or non-hypoxic vagal reflex. These decelerations are benign, most likely and mainly a result of head-compression and hence should be called "early" rather than "variable". Standardization is important but should be appropriate and withstand scientific scrutiny. Significant framing and confirmation biases are necessarily unscientific and the succeeding three-tier interpretation systems and structures embodying these biases would be dysfunctional and clinically unhelpful. Clinical/pathophysiological analysis and avoidance of flaws/biases suggest that a more physiological and scientific categorization of decelerations should be based on time relationship to

  14. The quality of pediatric orthopaedic information on the internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winship, Brenton; Grisell, Margaret; Yang, Carolyn B; Chen, Rachel X; Bauer, Andrea S

    2014-06-01

    Many patients use the Internet for health information. However, there are few guarantees to the reliability and accuracy of this information. This study examined the quality and content of the Internet Web pages for 10 common pediatric orthopaedic diagnoses. We identified 10 common diagnoses in pediatric orthopaedics: brachial plexus injury, cerebral palsy, clubfoot, developmental dysplasia of the hip, leg length discrepancy, osteochondroma, polydactyly, scoliosis, spina bifida, and syndactyly. We used 2 of the most popular search engines to identify the top 10 Web sites for each disease. We evaluated the Web sites utilizing both the quality-based Health On the Net (HON) Foundation criteria and our own content-based grading sheets. The custom grading sheets focused on essential information about disease summary, pathogenesis, diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis. Three orthopaedic surgeons graded 98 academic, commercial, nonprofit, and physicians' Web sites for 10 diseases. Academic Web sites scored the highest in content (mean, 60.8% ± 15.5%), whereas commercial Web sites scored the lowest (mean, 46.7% ± 22.2%). Among the diagnoses, osteochondroma Web sites had the highest content scores (mean, 75.8% ± 11.8%), whereas polydactyly Web sites had the lowest content scores (mean, 39.3% ± 15.7%). In contrast, Web sites about developmental dysplasia of the hip had the highest HON scores (65.0 ± 11.1), whereas those about brachial plexus birth palsy scored the lowest (42.6% ± 16.9%). Among the content subgroups, scores were generally higher for disease summary and diagnostics and lower for prognosis. The Internet Web sites reviewed demonstrated a wide range of content and information. We found that nonprofit and academic Web sites were the most reliable sources, whereas commercial and, surprisingly, physician-run Web sites were the least reliable. We advise physicians to talk to their patients about the information they get on the Internet and how it dictates their

  15. Several Novel N-Donor Tridentate Ligands Formed in Chemical Studies of New fac-Re(CO)3 Complexes Relevant to fac-99mTc(CO)3 Radiopharmaceuticals. Attack of a Terminal Amine on Coordinated Acetonitrile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Theshini; Marzilli, Patricia A.; Fronczek, Frank R.; Marzilli, Luigi G.

    2010-01-01

    Synopsis A novel ligand was discovered in which acetonitrile appears to have inserted between the two protons and the nitrogen of a primary amine. A proposed pathway for this process involves a putative seven-membered chelate ring (formed by attack of a primary amine on coordinated acetonitrile) that undergoes proton transfer and rearrangement. The pathway is supported by the structure of a related compound that has a methyl group in place of one of the protons. PMID:20104873

  16. Paired image- and FACS-based toxicity assays for high content screening of spheroid-type tumor cell cultures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Trumpi, Kari; Egan, David A.; Vellinga, Thomas T.; Borel Rinkes, Inne H M; Kranenburg, Onno

    2015-01-01

    Novel spheroid-type tumor cell cultures directly isolated from patients' tumors preserve tumor characteristics better than traditionally grown cell lines. However, such cultures are not generally used for high-throughput toxicity drug screens. In addition, the assays that are commonly used to assess

  17. Analysis of Cognitive Fac tors Affecting the Investment Decisions of Financial Managers of the City of Baranquilla

    OpenAIRE

    Alcalá Villarreal, José Luis

    2014-01-01

    The majority of the Chief financial officers admit (Roa, 2010) that exists a huge gap between the learned on corporate finance in the different business schools and what they have had to put into practice as executives and the explanation we can be summarized it in three key concepts that are: bias, The Structure and the Heuristic one, which with his set allow to deal on better form the finance of the behavior. These concepts compose what in terms of Investigation is known as the psychology o...

  18. Applicability of the “Gallet equation” to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirkham, Harold

    2012-03-31

    NERC has proposed a standard to use to specify clearances between vegetation and power lines. The purpose of the rule is to reduce the probability of flashover to a calculably low level. This report was commissioned by FERC’s Office of Electrical Reliability. The scope of the study was analysis of the mathematics and documentation of the technical justification behind the application of the Gallet equation and the assumptions used in the technical reference paper

  19. Evaluation of various methods to quantify endothelial cells attached to vascular prostheses: Comparison with a new "gold standard" FACS method

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, M.J.T.; Lennep, A.C.D. van; Bockel, J.H. van; Hinsbergh, V.W.M. van; Keur, M. van der; Hermans, J.

    1996-01-01

    For in vitro evaluation of functional properties of endothelial cells seeded on synthetic vascular prostheses accurate and reproducible quantification of cells is mandatory. Comparison of these properties with those resulting from other studies requires correlation of the functional parameters to

  20. A FACS Based Case Study on Two HbE-β Thalassaemia Members of a Family, Having Similar Mutational Background

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tridip Chatterjee

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this report we have tried to explain the reasons behind the difference in the pattern of transfusion requirement between two members of a family with similar β-globin mutation. The father and younger son both are HbE-β, but the father never had transfusion, whereas the younger son takes transfusion monthly. Mother and the elder son are HbEE without any history of transfusion. β-globin mutations of all family members were determined by ARMS-PCR. These were reconfirmed by direct sequencing of β-globin gene. Father and younger son were found to be Cod 26 (G-A/IVS 1-5 (G-C, whereas mother and elder son were found to be Cod 26 (G-A/Cod 26 (G-A. XmnI sequencing also revealed that all members of the family were CC. Then, flow cytometry study of red blood cells (RBCs was performed to measure the oxidative stress of the RBCs. This study was also done on the light and dense fractions of the RBC population of the father and younger son. It was seen that the younger son suffers severe oxidative stress, which can be explained by his higher transfusion requirement. From our work, we have established the importance of taking oxidative stress of RBCs into consideration to explain the clinical manifestation and progression of haemoglobin related diseases like thalassaemia.

  1. Propuesta de programa educativo en la FAC orientado a la seguridad aérea e industrial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Mauricio Hincapié Álvarez

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El Estado y directamente la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana invierten recursos para la formación, instrucción y entrenamiento del personal perteneciente a la Fuerza para el cumplimiento de su misión en las diferentes áreas de participación.

  2. Expression of the Fanconi anemia gene FAC in human cell lines : Lack of effect of oxygen tension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Joenje, H; Youssoufian, H; Kruyt, FAE; dosSantos, CC; Wevrick, R; Buchwald, M

    1995-01-01

    Fanconi anemia (FA) is a recessively inherited disease characterized by bone marrow failure, congenital anomalies, chromosomal instability and hypersensitivity to crosslinking agents. Some of the cellular defects of FA defect are known to be responsive to the ambient oxygen concentration. We

  3. Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov., isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsterfjord, Magnus; Nilson, Bo; Butler, Èile; Vásquez, Alejandra

    2014-01-01

    We previously discovered a symbiotic lactic acid bacterial (LAB) microbiota in the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera. The microbiota was composed of several phylotypes of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses and phenotypic and genetic characteristics revealed that the phylotypes isolated represent seven novel species. One grouped with Lactobacillus kunkeei and the others belong to the Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus delbrueckiisubgroups of Lactobacillus. We propose the names Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov. for these novel species, with the respective type strains being Fhon13NT ( = DSM 26257T = CCUG 63287T), Bin4NT ( = DSM 26254T = CCUG 63291T), Hon2NT ( = DSM 26255T = CCUG 63289T), Hma8NT ( = DSM 26256T = CCUG 63629T), Hma2NT ( = DSM 26263T = CCUG 63633T), Bma5NT ( = DSM 26265T = CCUG 63301T) and Biut2NT ( = DSM 26262T = CCUG 63631T). PMID:24944337

  4. ACUTE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT STATIC STRETCHING PROTOCOLS ON PEAK TORQUE, CONVENTIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL HAMSTRINGS-TO-QUADRICEPS RATIOS IN ACTIVE WOMEN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghada M. ALQaslah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study might have been directed to some degree because of clashing results in the past studies regarding the impacts for different SS protocols on muscle strength and possibility for injury. The objective of the study was to investigate the acute effects of different static stretching (SS durations (20, 30, and 60s on isokinetic concentric quadriceps (Q and hamstrings (H peak torque (PT, eccentric H PT and conventional and functional H:Q ratios under different stretching conditions and angular velocities (60°and180°/s in active women. Methods: Isokinetic tests were performed on 108 active women. A HUMAC system was used to measure unilateral concentric Q and H PT, and eccentric H PT at 60 and 180º/s at baseline and after a bout of H-only, Q-only, and combined H and Q muscles SS. The data were statistically treated using five separate three-way (time x conditions x velocity ANOVA. Results: There were no significant differences among groups at baseline (P > 0.05. Significant reductions of all outcome measures have been shown to occur after 30 and 60s of SS (P 0.05. Conclusion: Short-lasting stretching can be done before exercises that require strength. However, since 30s or 60s stretching protocols adversely affect the muscle strength, performance and lower H:Q ratios they are not recommended prior to activities demanding the production of high forces.

  5. Effects of chemical cleaning on RO membrane inorganic, organic and microbial foulant removal in a full-scale plant for municipal wastewater reclamation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Tong; Meng, Lu; Zhao, Qing-Bo; Shi, Ye; Hu, Hong-Ying; Lu, Yun

    2017-04-15

    Of all of the strategies for controlling reverse osmosis (RO) membrane fouling, chemical cleaning is indispensable. To study the effects of chemical cleaning on membrane foulant removal, a comparative analysis of RO membranes before and after common alkaline and acid cleaning was conducted by dissecting lead and terminal RO membranes in a full-scale municipal wastewater reclamation plant. Most foulants on the membranes were removed by chemical cleaning processes. Calcium was the major inorganic component of the foulants because of its highest concentration in the feed water. Aluminum and iron were also abundant elements on the membranes due to their high deposition ratios and low removal efficiencies. Hydrophilic neutrals (HIN) and hydrophobic neutrals (HON) were the two largest dissolved organic matter (DOM) fractions on the membranes before cleaning. HIN and hydrophilic acids (HIA) were not effectively removed. Chemical cleaning removed 94% and 90% of the total bacteria on the lead and tail membranes and considerably changed the structure of the microbial communities. Bacteria excessively producing extracellular polymeric substance (EPS), such as Pseudomonas and Zoogloea, were much more resistant to the chemical cleaning process. After cleaning, the membrane microbial community structures were more similar to those in the feed water than the structures on the membranes before cleaning. These results shed light on the effects of cleaning in a full-scale RO plant, improves our understanding of the removal of foulants and provides potential research directions for cleaning methods and RO pretreatment processes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Clinical effectiveness and safety of montelukast in asthma. What are the conclusions from clinical trials and meta-analyses?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hon KLE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Kam Lun Ellis Hon,1 Ting Fan Leung,1 Alexander KC Leung21Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Prince of Wales Hospital, Shatin, Hong Kong; 2Department of Pediatrics, The University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, CanadaAbstract: Asthma is a common childhood atopic disease associated with chronicity and impaired quality of life. As there is no cure for this disease, treatment relies on avoidance of triggers such as food and aeroallergens, the use of inhaled bronchodilators/corticosteroids and antiallergic or immunomodulating therapies. Inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs and bronchodilators have been the mainstay. However, in Asia, myths and fallacies regarding Western medicine and corticosteroids are prevalent and lead to nonadherence to treatment. Also, use of traditional and proprietary herbal medicines is popular. In the past decades, a novel class of nonsteroidal immunomodulating montelukasts has become available. This article reviews the evidence for the effectiveness and clinical efficacy of these medications. A number of randomized and controlled trials have been performed over the years. The majority of studies confirm the usefulness of montelukast as monotherapy and add-on therapy to ICS in mild to moderate childhood asthma across all age groups. ICSs are generally superior to montelukasts for asthma management. However, montelukast has a place in the treatment of young children with viral-triggered wheezing diseases, exercise-induced asthma, and in children whose parents are steroid-phobic and find ICS unacceptable.Keywords: cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist, inhaled corticosteroid, randomized control trial, meta analysis

  7. Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov., isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olofsson, Tobias C; Alsterfjord, Magnus; Nilson, Bo; Butler, Eile; Vásquez, Alejandra

    2014-09-01

    We previously discovered a symbiotic lactic acid bacterial (LAB) microbiota in the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis mellifera. The microbiota was composed of several phylotypes of Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus. 16S rRNA gene sequence analyses and phenotypic and genetic characteristics revealed that the phylotypes isolated represent seven novel species. One grouped with Lactobacillus kunkeei and the others belong to the Lactobacillus buchneri and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subgroups of Lactobacillus. We propose the names Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov. for these novel species, with the respective type strains being Fhon13N(T) ( = DSM 26257(T) = CCUG 63287(T)), Bin4N(T) ( = DSM 26254(T) = CCUG 63291(T)), Hon2N(T) ( = DSM 26255(T) = CCUG 63289(T)), Hma8N(T) ( = DSM 26256(T) = CCUG 63629(T)), Hma2N(T) ( = DSM 26263(T) = CCUG 63633(T)), Bma5N(T) ( = DSM 26265(T) = CCUG 63301(T)) and Biut2N(T) ( = DSM 26262(T) = CCUG 63631(T)). © 2014 IUMS.

  8. ENN-ICS - quality assurance and online evaluation of a multilingual learning management system for sleep medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Knobl, Brigitte

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available With the development and implementation of a multilingual interactive communication system the e-health project ENN-ICS, funded by the European Union, aims at the improvement of health care in Europe. The field of application is sleep physiology and sleep medicine. ENN-ICS Centre offers direct access to medical information for multiple users, i.e. health authorities, health care professionals, patients and citizen. Using XML technologies the new web based network integrates advanced e-learning and e-publishing methods for the training of healthcare professionals. Editorial and distributive processes are supported by customized central editorial, content management and learning management systems (CMS, LMS. ENN-ICS e-health services are evaluated by selected user groups in North, Middle and Southern Europe using reliable and scientifically accepted validation instruments. The compliance with essential quality requirements and criteria is tested and verified by using adapted online questionnaires based on the DISCERN questionnaire for evaluating patient information, on the HON principles for evaluating health-related websites and on the GMDS catalogue of quality criteria for electronic publications in medicine. The system architecture and its exemplary applications can be used as a model for future e-health services dealing with neurological and other medical topics.

  9. De volta aos movimentos sociais? Reflexões a partir da literatura brasileira recente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Kunrath Silva

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, it is observed in Brazilian social sciences an apparent break with the trend of refl ux in studies of social movements, from an increase in publications geared to the theme. In particular, a signifi cant number of scientifi c journals recently devoted issues to this topic. These publications seem to indicate a resumption as well as a recovery of studies on social movements, and, more broadly, on the processes of organization and social mobilization. In response to this recovery, the goal of this paper is to map the theoretical and epistemological perspectives that characterize this recent literature by means of identifying the present approaches, and, eventually, those in dispute in the current fi eld of researc hon social movements in Brazil. In addition, the article aims to identify the issues raised by this literature which would form the current research agenda in the fi eld of Social Sciences. Finally, the article raises questions about some aspects of this literature, and points out the lack of issues that should be part of the research agenda.

  10. A cross-sectional content analysis of Android applications for asthma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Househ, Mowafa; Hossain, Nassif; Jamal, Amr; Zakaria, Nasriah; Elmetwally, Ashraf; Alsalamah, Majid; Khalifa, Mohamed

    2017-06-01

    Providing patients opportunities for self-management and education about their disease, asthma applications designed for use on an Android operating system can have positive health outcomes across the range of demographics who use mHealth applications. This study provides a content analysis of freely available Google Android Platform Mobile Applications for Asthma. A list of applications was collected on 26 October 2014, using the search feature of the Google Play Android platform and using the words and phrases "Asthma," "Lung Function" and "Peak Flow." Each application was coded for its approach to asthma self-management, based on categories adapted by Huckvale et al., which are based on the Global Initiative for Asthma and the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program. The characteristics of the 15 asthma applications are described. Most of the asthma applications' primary function focused on patient self-monitoring and self-assessment. Using the HON Code, we found low health information quality across all asthma applications. Android asthma applications can have positive outcomes in helping patients as they provide opportunities for self-management and education about their disease. Future research should continue to monitor and evaluate the development and use of mHealth Asthma Applications. Based on these findings, and their indication of a gap in existing research, subsequent studies can continue to evaluate the development and use of mHealth Asthma Applications with increasing methodological consistency to improve the quality of in-app health information.

  11. Interview with Alexander Cohen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, Alexander Ander

    2017-05-01

    Ander Cohen speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Alexander (Ander) Cohen MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP is a vascular physician and epidemiologist at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, King's College (London, UK). He graduated with honors in medicine and honors in surgery from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and became a fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians in 1990. He was awarded an MSc in Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London in 1991 with a thesis on the metabolic syndrome in South-Asian populations. In 1998, he was awarded an MD with a thesis on the epidemiology of venous thromboembolism and thromboprophylaxis. In addition to his clinical work, he is involved in designing, managing and analyzing clinical trials from Phase I to IV. He is the Chairman and a member of many international steering committees for multicenter trials, epidemiological and pharmacoeconomic studies, and was previously the Director of Clinical Research and an Epidemiologist in Thrombosis Research at King's College Hospital.

  12. Acute gastroenteritis: from guidelines to real life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chung M Chow

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Chung M Chow1, Alexander KC Leung2, Kam L Hon11Department of Paediatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, PR China; 2Department of Pediatrics, The University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, CanadaAbstract: Acute gastroenteritis is a very common disease. It causes significant mortality in developing countries and significant economic burden to developed countries. Viruses are ­responsible for approximately 70% of episodes of acute gastroenteritis in children and rotavirus is one of the best studied of these viruses. Oral rehydration therapy is as effective as i­ntravenous therapy in treating mild to moderate dehydration in acute gastroenteritis and is strongly r­ecommended as the first line therapy. However, the oral rehydration solution is described as an underused simple solution. Vomiting is one of the main reasons to explain the underuse of oral rehydration therapy. Antiemetics are not routinely recommended in treating acute gastroenteritis, though they are still commonly prescribed. Ondansetron is one of the best studied antiemetics and its role in enhancing the compliance of oral rehydration therapy and decreasing the rate of hospitalization has been proved recently. The guidelines regarding the recommendation on antiemetics have been changed according to the evidence of these recent studies.Keywords: gastroenteritis, vomiting, antiemetic, ondansetron, rotavirus, oral rehydration therapy, intravenous therapy, guideline

  13. IN MEMORIAM Joseph M Marshall (6 September 1943-15 December 2008)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-01

    Joseph M Marshall Joseph M Marshall graduated as BSc Hons. Physics, Sheffield, UK in 1965 and got a PhD degree in Edinburgh in 1970. In the same year he became Research Fellow in the University of Edinburgh, UK, then Lecturer (1974), Senior Lecturer (1981) and Reader (1984) in the University of Abertay Dundee. In 1987 he took the position of Professor of Electronic Materials in the University of Wales Swansea, UK and in 2002 became Emeritus Professor in the same University. His scientific papers (over 180) span three areas: Experimental and theoretical studies of the conductive, photoconductive and other properties of crystalline, polycrystalline, amorphous and organic semiconductors; Computer based numerical modelling of carrier transport and other properties of semiconducting materials and electronic devices; Design, fabrication and characterisation of thin-film sensor devices and systems, for applications in information technology, medicine, automotive industry, etc. He was Member of the Organising Committee of the annual Chelsea Conferences on Amorphous and Liquid Semiconductors (London, UK), Scientific Chairman of the Organising Committee of the 1990-2008 Biennial International Schools on Condensed Matter Physics (Varna, Bulgaria), Finance Chairman of the 1993 International Conference on Amorphous Semiconductors (Cambridge, UK), Co-Director of the 2001 NATO Advanced Study Institute 'Photovoltaic and Photoactive Materials - Properties, Technology and Applications' (Sozopol, Bulgaria) and co-editor of their Proceedings. He was a recipient of the Marin Drinov Medal of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (1998) and the Georgi Nadjakov Sign of Honour of the Institute of Solid State Physics (2005).

  14. Directional Darwinian Selection in proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClellan, David A

    2013-01-01

    Molecular evolution is a very active field of research, with several complementary approaches, including dN/dS, HON90, MM01, and others. Each has documented strengths and weaknesses, and no one approach provides a clear picture of how natural selection works at the molecular level. The purpose of this work is to present a simple new method that uses quantitative amino acid properties to identify and characterize directional selection in proteins. Inferred amino acid replacements are viewed through the prism of a single physicochemical property to determine the amount and direction of change caused by each replacement. This allows the calculation of the probability that the mean change in the single property associated with the amino acid replacements is equal to zero (H0: μ = 0; i.e., no net change) using a simple two-tailed t-test. Example data from calanoid and cyclopoid copepod cytochrome oxidase subunit I sequence pairs are presented to demonstrate how directional selection may be linked to major shifts in adaptive zones, and that convergent evolution at the whole organism level may be the result of convergent protein adaptations. Rather than replace previous methods, this new method further complements existing methods to provide a holistic glimpse of how natural selection shapes protein structure and function over evolutionary time.

  15. "Hunnish scenes" and a "Virgin birth": a 1920s case of sexual and bodily ignorance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bland, Lucy

    2012-01-01

    When, in June 1921, a clairvoyant informed Christabel Russell, to her great surprise, that she was pregnant, her husband denied paternity and petitioned for divorce on grounds of adultery. The Hon. John Russell claimed that on the very few occasions that they had slept in the same bed in their two and half years of marriage, his method of birth control (which she referred to disapprovingly as "Hunnish scenes") had made pregnancy impossible. What added to the sensational nature of the case was the revelation that whilst pregnant, Christabel's hymen was unbroken – hence the claims of a "virgin birth." Two divorce trials and two appeals followed. The first trial ended inconclusively, the second trial was won for John Russell by the eminent barrister Sir Edward Marshall-Hall, but on the second appeal, in the House of Lords, it was ruled that evidence questioning the legitimacy of a child born in wedlock was inadmissible. The decree nisi was rescinded and the baby was legitimized.

  16. Analyzing web log files of the health on the net HONmedia search engine to define typical image search tasks for image retrieval evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller, Henning; Boyer, Célia; Gaudinat, Arnaud; Hersh, William; Geissbuhler, Antoine

    2007-01-01

    Medical institutions produce ever-increasing amount of diverse information. The digital form makes these data available for the use on more than a single patient. Images are no exception to this. However, less is known about how medical professionals search for visual medical information and how they want to use it outside of the context of a single patient. This article analyzes ten months of usage log files of the Health on the Net (HON) medical media search engine. Key words were extracted from all queries and the most frequent terms and subjects were identified. The dataset required much pre-treatment. Problems included national character sets, spelling errors and the use of terms in several languages. The results show that media search, particularly for images, was frequently used. The most common queries were for general concepts (e.g., heart, lung). To define realistic information needs for the ImageCLEFmed challenge evaluation (Cross Language Evaluation Forum medical image retrieval), we used frequent queries that were still specific enough to at least cover two of the three axes on modality, anatomic region, and pathology. Several research groups evaluated their image retrieval algorithms based on these defined topics.

  17. A questão do poder e da denúncia na escrita social e psicológica de São Bernardo, de Graciliano Ramos http://dx.doi.org/10.15601/1983-7631/rt.v3n4p11-25

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Lana

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende analisar como o narrador / personagem denuncia os impactos da modernidade sobre o homem, na escrita social e psicológica de São Bernardo, de Graciliano Ramos. Será verificado como os fatores externos ao personagem Paulo Honório podem ter sido decisivos na sua escrita, tais como a aquisição de São Bernardo, o casamento, a morte da esposa; e como os fatores externos à obra – momento histórico que se delineia em meados do século XX – auxiliam a contornar os personagens e a narrativa. Para fazê-lo, partir-se-á da descrição do processo de humanização que passam as personagens e as relações entre o narrador / personagem e seus possíveis leitores, mediante a adoção da escrita como instrumento artístico de confissão e denúncia.Palavras-chave: Foucault; Marcuse; poder; humanização; denúncia

  18. Radiocarbon variability recorded in coral skeletons from the northwest of Luzon Island, Philippines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirabayashi, Shoko; Yokoyama, Yusuke; Suzuki, Atsushi; Miyairi, Yosuke; Aze, Takahiro; Siringan, Fernando; Maeda, Yasuo

    2017-12-01

    The North Equatorial Current (NEC) bifurcates at the eastern coast of the Philippines and moves northward as the Kuroshio, a North Pacific western boundary current. The NEC bifurcation point and Kuroshio variability are known to be affected by changes in climate such as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and the pacific decadal oscillation. However, observational data are not sufficient to examine the mechanisms of decadal fluctuation. Here, we report seasonal radiocarbon data recorded from 1968 to 1995 in coral skeletons northwest of Luzon Island. The data suggest that the East Asian winter monsoon is a dominant factor in the seasonal fluctuations in water mass northwest of Luzon Island. Compared with other coral records reported for Guam, Ishigaki, Con Dao, and Hon Tre Island, the data suggest that the area of the Kuroshio loop current through the Luzon Strait decreased from the 1970s to 1980s as a result of the change in Kuroshio transport and the migration of the NEC bifurcation latitude after a regime shift in 1976.

  19. Quality and readability of English-language internet information for aphasia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azios, Jamie H; Bellon-Harn, Monica; Dockens, Ashley L; Manchaiah, Vinaya

    2017-08-14

    Little is known about the quality and readability of treatment information in specific neurogenic disorders, such as aphasia. The purpose of this study was to assess quality and readability of English-language Internet information available for aphasia treatment. Forty-three aphasia treatment websites were aggregated using five different country-specific search engines. Websites were then analysed using quality and readability assessments. Statistical calculations were employed to examine website ratings, differences between website origin and quality and readability scores, and correlations between readability instruments. Websites exhibited low quality with few websites obtaining Health On the Net (HON) certification or clear, thorough information as measured by the DISCERN. Regardless of website origin, readability scores were also poor. Approximate educational levels required to comprehend information on aphasia treatment websites ranged from 13 to 16 years of education. Significant differences were found between website origin and readability measures with higher levels of education required to understand information on websites of non-profit organisations. Current aphasia treatment websites were found to exhibit low levels of quality and readability, creating potential accessibility problems for people with aphasia and significant others. Websites including treatment information for aphasia must be improved in order to increase greater information accessibility.

  20. From Spintronics to CFD/ContractForDifferences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maksoed, W. H.

    2015-11-01

    Involve the CFD/Computational Fluid Dynamics & HCCI/Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition - Marcine Frackowiak, dissertation, 2009, for CFD/Contract For Differences accompanied by ``One Man's Crusade to Exonerate Hydrogen for Hindenburg Disaster'' of Addison BAIN, APS News, v. 9, n.7 (July 2000) concludes ``ignition of the blaze'' are responsible to those May, 1937 Accidents. Spintronics their selves include active control & manipulation of spin degree of freedom ever denotes: the nano-obelisk of scanning electron microscopy of galliumnitride/GaN nanostructures-Yong-Hon Cho et al.:``Novel Photonic Device using core-shell nanostructures'', SPIE-newsroom,10.1117/2.1201503.005864. Herewith commercial activated carbon/C can be imaged directly using abberation-corrected transmission electron microscopy[PJF Harris et al.: ``Imaging the Atomic Structures of activated C'', J. Phys. Condens. Matt, 20 (2008) in fig b & c- images networks of hexagonal rings can be clearly be seen depicts equal etchings of 340 px Akhenaten, Nefertiti & their childrens. Incredible acknowledgments to Minister of Education & Culture RI 1998-1999 HE. Mr. Prof. Ir. WIRANTO ARISMUNANDAR, MSME.

  1. Head and neck cancer information on the internet: type, accuracy and content.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ni Riordain, Richeal

    2009-08-01

    This study aimed to determine the type, accuracy and content of information available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer. The search engine Google was used to generate a list of the top 100 websites about head and neck cancer. The websites were evaluated using the DISCERN instrument and the JAMA benchmarks and whether the site displayed the Health on the Net seal was also recorded. The search yielded 1,650,000 sites on the Google website. Of the top 100 sites, a total of 33 sites were suitable for analysis due to duplicate links, non-functioning links and irrelevant website. 45% achieved all four JAMA benchmarks and 18% achieved only 1 benchmark. No website receiving the maximum mark on the overall score and four websites received the lowest overall score regarding the DISCERN instrument. The question with the poorest response score was \\'Does it describe how the treatment choices affect overall quality of life?\\' 39% of the websites displayed the Health on the Net (HON) seal. A wide variety of types of information are available on the internet regarding head and neck cancer with variable accuracy levels based on both Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks and DISCERN. The onus lies with the practitioner to guide the patient regarding scientific reliability of information and to direct the patient in filtering the information sourced. The inclusion of quality of life related information is currently lacking and should be addressed to ensure a more comprehensive understanding for patients of treatment options.

  2. Mechanical and thermophysical properties of rare-earth monopnictides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhalla, Vyoma; Singh, Devraj; Jain, Sushil Kumar

    2016-08-01

    The present paper addresses the temperature dependent elastic, mechanical and thermal properties of NaCl structure (B1 type) holmium monopnictides, HoX (X = N, P, As, Sb, Bi) computed using Coulomb and Born repulsive potentials extended up to second nearest neighbors. The second-order elastic constants (SOECs) of single crystals HoX are calculated as a function of temperature in the range 0-500K. The compounds under study are found to be brittle in nature. Beside these calculations, the theoretical hardness has been obtained for various rare-earth monopnictides using the elastic properties in the polycrystalline approach. The obtained hardness values indicate HoN to be hard, but cannot be considered super hard. The anisotropic nature of the chosen single crystal is an important physical quantity in studying the directional dependent thermal properties such as Debye temperature and thermal conductivity computed using ultrasonic velocities along different crystallographic directions. The obtained results are discussed in correlation with mechanical and thermophysical properties of similar materials.

  3. What’s in the pipeline? Drugs in development for autism spectrum disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sung M

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Min Sung,1 Chee Hon Chin,1 Choon Guan Lim,1 Hwee Sen Alvin Liew,1 Chau Sian Lim,2 Espérance Kashala,1 Shih-Jen Weng1 1Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore; 2Department of Psychological Medicine, Khoo Teck Puat Hospital, Singapore Abstract: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder with both core symptoms and associated symptoms (eg, irritability, aggression, and comorbidities that affect both the individual and the family/systems around them. There have been recent advances in the understanding of the underlying pathophysiology of ASD pertaining to genetics, epigenetics, neurological, hormonal, and environmental factors that contribute to the difficulties found in individuals with ASD. With this improved understanding, there has been a shift in the application of psychopharmacology in ASD and its related disorders. A literature review was conducted to examine research published in the last 5 years between different classes of psychotropic medications and ASD. The broad scope of the existing literature for the use of conventional medications is summarized and novel medications are discussed. Keywords: pharmacology, treatment, autism, Asperger’s syndrome, medication

  4. Influence of dissolved organic matter and manganese oxides on metal speciation in soil solution: A modelling approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Arnaud R; Ponthieu, Marie; Cancès, Benjamin; Conreux, Alexandra; Morvan, Xavier; Gommeaux, Maxime; Marin, Béatrice; Benedetti, Marc F

    2016-06-01

    Trace element (TE) speciation modelling in soil solution is controlled by the assumptions made about the soil solution composition. To evaluate this influence, different assumptions using Visual MINTEQ were tested and compared to measurements of free TE concentrations. The soil column Donnan membrane technique (SC-DMT) was used to estimate the free TE (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn) concentrations in six acidic soil solutions. A batch technique using DAX-8 resin was used to fractionate the dissolved organic matter (DOM) into four fractions: humic acids (HA), fulvic acids (FA), hydrophilic acids (Hy) and hydrophobic neutral organic matter (HON). To model TE speciation, particular attention was focused on the hydrous manganese oxides (HMO) and the Hy fraction, ligands not considered in most of the TE speciation modelling studies in soil solution. In this work, the model predictions of free ion activities agree with the experimental results. The knowledge of the FA fraction seems to be very useful, especially in the case of high DOM content, for more accurately representing experimental data. Finally, the role of the manganese oxides and of the Hy fraction on TE speciation was identified and, depending on the physicochemical conditions of the soil solution, should be considered in future studies. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Role of information technology (IT) in public health, India (problems & prospects): Role of information communication technology (ICT) in disease surveillance under Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Rajeev; Luthra, Pallavi; Karad, Amit; Dhariwal, A C; Ichhpujani, R L; Lal, Shiv

    2010-06-01

    Information Communication Technology (ICT) has proven to be a strong public health tool. Keeping the future need of country and building National Disease Surveillance System, Integrated Disease Surveillance Project (IDSP) was launched by Hon'ble Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare in November 2004. It is a decentralized, State based surveillance program in the country. It is intended to detect early warning signals of impending outbreaks and help initiate an effective response in a timely manner. One of the major components of the project is the - use of Information Technology for collection, collation, compilation, analysis and dissemination of data besides distance education and video conferencing. A network of 800 sites across India has been established through Satellite, Broadband and High end Video conferencing equipments. The network is managed by a team of data managers and data entry operators at all state surveillance units and district surveillance units respectively. The network was proven to be extremely useful to respond to the current influenza A H1N1 pandemic. It is proposed to extend the network to cover private sector and provide convergence with other National Health Programs.

  6. Biomimetic oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol by dioxygen via Mn-enhanced base catalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szigyártó, Imola Cs; Simandi, László I; Párkányi, László; Korecz, László; Schlosser, Gitta

    2006-09-04

    The 6-coordinate dioximatomanganese(II) complex [Mn(HL)(CH3OH)]+ (2, where H2L is [HON=C(CH3)C(CH3)=NCH2CH2]2NH), formed by instant solvolysis of [Mn2(HL)2](BPh4)2 (1) in methanol, accelerates the triethylamine (TEA)-catalyzed oxidation of 3,5-di-tert-butylcatechol (H2dtbc) by O2 to the corresponding o-benzoquinone. Significantly, 2 alone has no catalytic effect. The observed rate increase can be explained by the interaction of 2 with the hydroperoxo intermediate HdtbcO2- formed from Hdtbc- and O2 in the TEA-catalyzed oxidation. The kinetics of the TEA-catalyzed and Mn-enhanced reaction has been studied by gas-volumetric monitoring of the amount of O2 consumed. The initial rate of O2 uptake (V(in)) shows a first-order dependence on the concentration of 2 and O2 and saturation kinetics with respect to both H2dtbc and TEA. The observed kinetic behavior is consistent with parallel TEA-catalyzed and Mn-enhanced oxidation paths. The 3,5-di-tert-butylsemiquinone anion radical is an intermediate detectable by electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy. The dimeric catalyst precursor has been characterized by X-ray diffraction and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and the monomeric catalyst by ESR spectroscopy.

  7. Magnetocaloric effects of binary rare earth mononitrides, Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakagawa, Takashi [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)]. E-mail: nakagawa@mit.eng.osaka-u.ac.jp; Sako, Kengo [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Arakawa, Takayuki [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Tomioka, Naoto [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Yamamoto, Takao A. [Department of Nuclear Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka University, Yamadaoka 2-1, Suita, Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Kamiya, Koji [Tsukuba Magnet Laboratory, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0003 (Japan); Numazawa, Takenori [Tsukuba Magnet Laboratory, National Institute for Materials Science, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0003 (Japan)

    2006-02-09

    We have synthesized Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N (x = 0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75 and 1) by the carbothermic reduction performed in a nitrogen gas stream. GdN and TbN have been completely miscible with each other as well as TbN and HoN. As x was changed from 0 to 1, the Curie temperature increased monotonously from 18.5 to 43.8 K for Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N and from 43.8 to 61.2 K for Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N. The magnetocaloric effects have been evaluated by calculating the magnetic entropy changes from the magnetization data sets measured at different applied fields and temperatures. In any composition x, the magnetocaloric effects of Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N are larger than those of Gd {sub x}Dy{sub 1-x}N. Therefore, Gd {sub x}Tb{sub 1-x}N and Tb {sub x}Ho{sub 1-x}N are promising magnetic refrigerant materials for hydrogen liquefying system working below liquid nitrogen temperature.

  8. The intercalated BSc in sports and exercise medicine at Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morrissey, Dylan; Nutt, James L; Mehdian, Roshana; Maffulli, Nicola

    2013-08-11

    To report about the intercalated Bsc(Hons) in Sports and Exercise Medicine at Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry (BLSMD), Queen Mary University of London. Educational study. The course is currently in its tenth year, providing medical students with the opportunity to develop knowledge in the field of Sports and Exercise Medicine (SEM) during one academic year of full time study. There have been more than 150 graduates, and 22 students are enrolled for the 2012-13 academic year on what has been the most popular and largest intercalated degree at BLSMD in recent years. External applicants typically make up 30-40% of entrants. Equal weighting on taught modules and a portfolio of research activity provides a strong foundation in Sports and Exercise Medicine, and equips successful students with evidence based translational skills, and the opportunity to perform publishable research. This article outlines the increasing demand for Sports and Exercise Medicine education, and how the course prepares graduates for practising SEM as a sub-specialist interest or to compete for entry into the Specialist Trainee training route.

  9. Crystal structure of triammoniumtris(pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylato-N,O,O`)holmiate(III) heptahydrate

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brzyska, W.; Rzaczynska, Z.; Ozga, W.; Mrozek, R. [Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Sklodowskiej, Lublin (Poland); Glowiak, T. [Wroclaw Univ. (Poland)

    1996-12-31

    Triammoniumtris(pyridyne-2,6-dicarboxylato-N,O,O`)holmiate(III) heptahydrate crystallized in the monoclinic space group P2{sub 1}/c with a 17.841(4); A, b = 10.142(2); A, c = 18.570(4); A, {beta} = 112.20(3) degree and Z = 4. The crystal and molecular structure of the complex has been determined using X-ray diffraction data measured with MoK{sub {alpha}} radiation. The discrepancy factor R for this structure is 0.0316 for 3542 diffractometer data. The Ho{sup 3+} ions is coordinated to three pyridine-2,6-dicarboxylate anions by the oxygen atoms of carboxylate groups and nitrogen atoms of aromatic rings. The Ho-O distances are ranging from 2.381(4) to 2.408(4) A, and Ho-N distances from 2.463(5) to 2.478(5) A. The coordination polyhedron around the holmium(III) ion can be described as a tri-capped trigonal prism with {Delta} = 0.029 A{sup 2}. (author). 23 refs, 2 figs, 5 tabs.

  10. A humanist's legacy in medical informatics: visions and accomplishments of Professor Jean-Raoul Scherrer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geissbühler, A; Lovis, C; Spahni, S; Appel, R D; Ratib, O; Boyer, C; Hochstrasser, D F; Baud, R

    2002-01-01

    To report about the work of Prof. Jean-Raoul Scherrer, and show how his humanist vision, his medical skills and his scientific background have enabled and shaped the development of medical informatics over the last 30 years. Starting with the mainframe-based patient-centered hospital information system DIOGENE in the 70s, Prof. Scherrer developed, implemented and evolved innovative concepts of man-machine interfaces, distributed and federated environments, leading the way with information systems that obstinately focused on the support of care providers and patients. Through a rigorous design of terminologies and ontologies, the DIOGENE data would then serve as a basis for the development of clinical research, data mining, and lead to innovative natural language processing techniques. In parallel, Prof. Scherrer supported the development of medical image management, ranging from a distributed picture archiving and communication systems (PACS) to molecular imaging of protein electrophoreses. Recognizing the need for improving the quality and trustworthiness of medical information on the Web, Prof. Scherrer created the Health-On-the-Net (HON) foundation. These achievements, made possible thanks to his visionary mind, deep humanism, creativity, generosity and determination, have made of Prof. Scherrer a true pioneer and leader of the human-centered, patient-oriented application of information technology for improving healthcare.

  11. THE NIGERIA DATA PROTECTION BILL: APPRAISAL, ISSUES, AND CHALLENGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abubakar Sanni Aliyu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria has absolutely no privacy and personal information laws. This lacuna is even more material in an internet world where information published on the web is open to a global audience. It is in this regard that the Data Protection Bill was sponsored by Hon. Yakubu Dogara, member of the Federal House of Representatives, representing Bogoro/Dass/Tafawa Balewa Bauchi State, Nigeria. This paper has two key aims, firstly to find out the major issues address by the proposed Data Protection Bill 2010, secondly, to determine the significance and the challenges of the Bill to Nigeria environment. The study utilized secondary source of data from the Data Protection Bill, 2010 and other documentary sources for analysis. The study finds out that the Bill protect parties in regard to publication of market survey details and information, ensure that unauthorised processing of personal information is reduce, and use of personal data and information without the prior consent of the data is subjected to scrutiny. The paper recommends that the Federal Government of Nigeria and the policy makers should hasten the process of passing the Bill into law in order to strengthen the activities of ecommerce in Nigeria through the following benefits: Improved customer relations; Improved ability to market lawfully; Improved data quality; Improved data security among others.

  12. Internet based post-graduate course in spectacle lens design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jalie, Mo

    2014-07-01

    The complexity of spectacle lenses has increased enormously over the last three decades. The advent of aspheric lenses for the normal power range and the, now commonplace, progressive lenses for the correction of presbyopia, are just two examples of 21st Century technology. Freeform surfaces are now employed to personalize lenses to wearer's needs and these may be both progressive and atoroidal in nature. At the same time, optometry has taken a sideways step from optics and physics into a more general primary health care profession with an ever-increasing amount of biological and medical content added to an already brimming curriculum, hence the need for persons without optometry training to undertake the study of spectacle lenses. Some years ago a post-graduate course was designed for opticians who had a good grasp of mathematics and the ability to pay close attention to detail in the lengthy trigonometric ray-tracing techniques employed in lens design calculations. The year-long course, is undertaken by distance learning, and has been undertaken via the internet by students from many countries around the world. Final assessment is by means of examination held by the Association of British Dispensing Opticians and takes the form of two three-hour papers, Paper One consisting of the determination of the aberrations of a spectacle lens by accurate trigonometric ray tracing and the second, a general paper on the optics of ophthalmic lenses. It leads to the professional qualification, ABDO (Hons) SLD.

  13. Available web-based teaching resources for health care professionals on screening for oral cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela-Centelles, Pablo; Insua, Angel; Seoane-Romero, Juan M; Warnakulasuriya, Saman; Rapidis, Alexander; Diz, Pedro; Seoane, Juan

    2015-03-01

    To identify websites with adequate information on oral cancer screening for healthcare professionals (HCPs) and to assess both their quality and contents. Websites were identified using Google and HON medical professional search engines using the terms "screening for oral cancer". The first 100 sites retrieved by each engine were analysed using the DISCERN questionnaire (reliability), the V instrument (contents on oral cancer) and further by the Flesch-Kinkaid Reading Grade Level and the Flesch Reading Ease (readability). The overall rating showed minimal shortcomings in the quality of the information in the websites. The coverage and correctness of information on "visual examination" was rated as fair/good, whereas updating of contents resulted very variable (eg: 81% for visual examination and 18.2% for molecular biomarkers). These results permitted to rank the websites housing relevant information for oral cancer. Top ranking websites were affiliated to the Oral Cancer Foundation (USA), WHO Collaborating Centre for oral cancer (UK) whose webpage is entitled "Oral Cancer Education and Research", and the Clinical Guidelines maintained by the British Columbia Cancer Agency (Canada) and the British Dental Association (UK) respectively. There are web-based, HCP-addressed, resources on screening for oral cancer housing heterogeneous information both in quality and contents. The use of specific evaluation tools permits the selection of reliable websites on this topic with a potential to improve the existing educational gaps among HCPs.

  14. A comparison of the quality of the information available on the internet on interventional radiology, vascular surgery, and cardiology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alsafi, A; Kaya, G; Patel, H; Hamady, M S

    2013-01-01

    Internet use is rapidly expanding and increasingly plays a substantial role in patient education. We sought to evaluate and compare the quality of information available to patients online on three closely linked specialties: Interventional radiology (IR), cardiology, and vascular surgery. We searched the leading three search engines for the terms: "Interventional Radiology", "cardiology," and "vascular surgery," collating the top 50 hits from each search. After excluding duplicates and irrelevant sites, 43, 25, and 36 sites remained, respectively. Sites were analyzed using the LIDA instrument (an online tool for assessing health-related websites) and Fleisch Reading Ease Scores (FRES) were compared across the different search terms and correlated with the country of origin and certification by the Health on the Net (HON) Foundation. There was no significant difference ( P>0.05) in the total LIDA, accessibility, usability or reliability scores between the three specialties. HONCode certification was associated with higher LIDA (83.1±1.6 vs. 71.53±0.8 ( Pinformation, there is a disparity in knowledge of IR; this may be due to low web-traffic figures of IR sites. Wikipedia's user-generated content, ranks highly in major search engines, as such; this could serve as means of disseminating reliable health information to patients.

  15. Food effect: The combined effect of media pH and viscosity on the gastrointestinal absorption of ciprofloxacin tablet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radwan, Asma; Zaid, Abdel Naser; Jaradat, Nidal; Odeh, Yousef

    2017-04-01

    The clinical implications of food-drug interactions may have to be taken seriously into account with oral drugs administration in order to minimize variations in drug bioavailability. Food intake may alter physiological changes in the pH and viscosity of the gastrointestinal lumen, which could affect the oral absorption of drugs. The aim of the present study was to have an insight on the effect of media parameters: viscosity and pHon the oral absorption of ciprofloxacin HCl from solid formulations using a model food: Corchorus olitorius (Jute) Soup. In vitro disintegration and dissolution rates of ciprofloxacin tablet were evaluated using compendia buffer media in the presence/absence of C. olitorius leaves. These in vitro data were then input to GastroPlus™ to predict ciprofloxacin absorption profiles under fasted and fed states. The present study demonstrated the significance of luminal pH and viscosity on the dissolution and disintegration of solid formulations following postprandial ingestion of the viscous soup. The tablets showed prolonged disintegration times and reduced dissolution rates in this soup, which could be attributed to the postprandial elevation in media viscosity and reduced solubility at elevated gastricpH. The predicted model under fed state showed no impact on AUC but prolonged Tmax and a decrease in Cmax. Concomitant intake of C. olitorius soup with ciprofloxacin might have negative effect on the rate of drug release from conventional immediate release tablets. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Astronomical Books and Charts in the Book of Bibliographie Coreenne

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ki-Won Lee

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available We investigate astronomical materials listed in the book of Bibliographie Coreenne written by Maurice Courant. He classified ancient Korean books into nine Divisions (部 and thirty six Classes (類, and published them as three volumes (ranging from 1894 to 1896 and one supplement (in 1901. In total, 3,821 books including astronomical ones are listed together with information on physical size, possessional place, bibliographical note, and so forth. Although this book is an essential one in the field of Korea bibliography and contains many astronomical materials such as Cheon-Mun-Ryu-Cho 天文類抄, Si-Heon-Seo 時憲書, and Cheon-Sang-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do 天象列次分野之圖, it has not been well known to the public nor to astronomical society. Of 3,821 catalogues, we found that about 50 Items (種 are related to astronomy or astrology, and verified that most of them are located in the Kyujanggak Royal Library 奎章閣. We also found an unknown astronomical chart, Hon-Cheon-Chong-Seong-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do 渾天總星列次分野之圖. Because those astronomical materials are not well known to international astronomical community and there have been few studies on the materials in Korea, we here introduce and review them, particularly with the astronomical viewpoint.

  17. Astronomical Books and Charts in the Book of Bibliographie Coreenne

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ki-Won; Yang, Hong-Jin; Park, Myeong-Gu

    2008-06-01

    We investigate astronomical materials listed in the book of Bibliographie Coréenne written by Maurice Courant. He classified ancient Korean books into nine Divisions (?) and thirty six Classes (?), and published them as three volumes (ranging from 1894 to 1896) and one supplement (in 1901). In total, 3,821 books including astronomical ones are listed together with information on physical size, possessional place, bibliographical note, and so forth. Although this book is an essential one in the field of Korea bibliography and contains many astronomical materials such as Cheon-Mun-Ryu-Cho ????, Si-Heon-Seo ??????, and Cheon-Sang-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do ????????, it has not been well known to the public nor to astronomical society. Of 3,821 catalogues, we found that about 50 Items (?) are related to astronomy or astrology, and verified that most ! of them are located in the Kyujanggak Royal Library ???. We also found an unknown astronomical chart, Hon-Cheon-Chong-Seong-Yeol-Cha-Bun-Ya-Ji-Do ??????????. Because those astronomical materials are not well known to international astronomical community and there have been few studies on the materials in Korea, we here introduce and review them, particularly with the astronomical viewpoint.

  18. Proton diet for the sodium pump.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apell, Hans-Jürgen; Benz, Gabriela; Sauerbrunn, Daniel

    2011-01-25

    In the absence of Na(+) and K(+) ions the Na,K-ATPase shows a pH-dependent ATP hydrolysis that can be inhibited by ouabain. At pH 7.2 this activity is 5% of the maximal under physiological conditions. It could be inferred that this activity is associated with H(+) transport in both directions across the membrane and facilitates an H-only mode of the sodium pump under such unphysiological conditions. By the analysis of experiments with reconstituted proteoliposomes an overall electroneutral transport mode has been proven. The stoichiometry was determined to be 2 H(+)/2 H(+)/1 ATP and is comparable to what is known from the closely related H,K-ATPase. By time-resolved ATP-concentration jump experiments it was found that at no time was the third, Na(+)-specific binding site of the pump occupied by protons. A modified Post-Albers pump cycle is proposed, with H(+) ions as congeners for Na(+) and K(+), by which all experiments performed can be explained.

  19. Voicing Ageism in Nursing Home Dementia Care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kristine; Shaw, Clarissa; Lee, Alexandria; Kim, Sohyun; Dinneen, Emma; Turk, Margaret; Jao, Ying-Ling; Liu, Wen

    2017-09-01

    Elderspeak (i.e., infantilizing communication) is a common form of ageism that has been linked to resistiveness to care in nursing home residents with dementia. Nursing home staff use elderspeak by modifying speech with older residents based on negative stereotypes, which results in patronizing communication that provides a message of incompetence. The purpose of the current secondary analysis was to describe communication practices used by nursing home staff that reflect ageism. Transcripts of 80 video recordings of staff-resident communication collected during nursing home care activities were re-analyzed to identify specific elderspeak patterns, including diminutives, collective pronouns, tag questions, and reflectives. Elderspeak was used in 84% of transcripts, and specifically during bathing, dressing, oral care, and other activities. Collective pronoun substitution occurred most frequently-in 69% of recorded conversations. Subgroup analysis of the inappropriate terms of endearment found that "honey"/"hon" and "sweetheart"/"sweetie" were most commonly used. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 43(9), 16-20.]. Copyright 2017, SLACK Incorporated.

  20. fac-[1,2-Bis(pyridin-4-ylethane-κN]tricarbonyl(1,10-phenanthroline-κ2N,N′rhenium(I hexafluoridophosphate acetonitrile monosolvate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Guilardi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Re(C12H8N2(C12H12N2(CO3]PF6.·CH3CN, contains one cation, one hexafluoridophosphate anion and one acetonitrile solvent molecule. The ReI ion is coordinated by two N atoms from the 1,10-phenanthroline ligand and one N atom from the 1,2-bis(pyridin-4-ylethane ligand [mean Re—N = 2.191 (15 Å] and by three carbonyl ligands [mean Re—C = 1.926 (3 Å] in a distorted octahedral geometry. The electrostatic forces and weak C—H...F(O hydrogen bonds pack cations and anions into the crystal with voids of 82 Å3, which are filled by solvent molecules. The crystal packing exhibits short intermolecular O...O distance of 2.795 (5 Å between two cations related by inversion.

  1. La planeación estratégica en las pymes colombianas: un aporte para empresas contratistas de la FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Pérez Uribe

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Las micro, pequeñas y medianas empresas (Mipymes, cumplen un papel primordial en el desarrollo económico de los países y Colombia no es la excepción: ellas sirven como tejido auxiliar de las grandes empresas, quienes contratan este tipo de compañías para la prestación de servicios que de estar incluidos en la producción general de las mismas implicarían un aumento de coste. Una de las definiciones de la planeación estratégica está relacionada con la fijación de objetivos y formulación de procedimientos y métodos para alcanzarlos. Para ello debe fijarse un direccionamiento, el cual repercute de forma directa en la consecución de ventajas competitivas que le permitirán a la compañía la perpetuidad en el mercado. Es así como, la dirección estratégica se consolida como pilar fundamental de este tipo de organizaciones, las cuales soportan en su gran mayoría la economía colombiana. El objetivo de este artículo es mostrar algunos conceptos relacionados con la importancia de la planeación y direccionamiento estratégico, y de igual forma mostrar aquellas variables que explican en mayor proporcionalidad la sostenibilidad de una organización en relación con el direccionamiento estratégico, a la luz Modelo de Modernización para la Gestión de Organizaciones (MMGO desarrollado por la Universidad EAN en Colombia.

  2. Draft Title 40 CFR 191 compliance certification application for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant. Volume 5: Appendices D and D, DEF, FAC

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-31

    This plan serves to describe the objectives of decommissioning for the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP), identifies the elements necessary to accomplish the decommissioning, and defines the steps to execute those elements in a safe and environmentally sound manner. The plan provides a strategy for progressing from the final actions of the Disposal Phase, through the Decontamination and Decommissioning Phase, and into the initiation of the Long-Term Monitoring Phase. This plan describes a sequence of events for decontamination of the WIPP facilities and structures used to manage and contain TRU and TRU mixed waste during the receipt and emplacement operations. Alternative methods of decontamination are provided where practical. The methods for packaging and disposal of the waste generated (derived waste) during this process are discussed. The best available technology at the time of this plan`s development, may become outmoded by future technology and alternative strategies. If alternative technologies are identified the affected stakeholder(s), the Secretary of the Interior and the State will be consulted prior to implementation.

  3. Crystal structure of fac-tricarbonyl(cyclohexyl isocyanide-κC(quinoline-2-carboxylato-κ2N,Orhenium(I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charalampos Triantis

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In the title compound, [Re(C10H6NO2(C7H11N(CO3], the ReI atom is coordinated by three carbonyl ligands in a facial arrangement and by the N, O and C atoms from a chelating quinaldate anion and a monodentate isocyanide ligand, respectively. The resultant C4NO coordination sphere is distorted octahedral. A lengthening of the axial Re—CO bond trans to the isocyanide ligand is indicative of the trans effect. Individual complexes are stacked into rods parallel to [001] through displaced π–π interactions. Weak C—H...O hydrogen-bonding interactions between the rods lead to the formation of layers parallel to (010. These layers are stacked along [010] by C—H...H—C van der Waals contacts.

  4. Follow-on to a report on the Applicability of the “Gallet equation” to the vegetation clearances of NERC Reliability Standard FAC-003-2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirkham, Harold

    2012-08-31

    In earlier work, a study done at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory examined a NERC proposed standard specifying clearances between vegetation and power lines. The method proposed for calculating the clearances was based on the results of testing for high-voltage line designs. An equation developed to relate the results of testing with rod-plane gaps to proposed tower window sizes was incorporated into the calculations. The equation in question, sometimes called the “Gallet equation,” describes the insulation performance of the atmosphere for air gaps of a few meters. The equation was described in the PNNL study as a good and simple-to-use way to solve a problem made difficult by the nonlinear interactions of the variables. For calculations based on this equation, a certain set of assumptions must be made. In particular, a value for a quantity called the “gap factor” is needed. This is the amount by which the gap to be modeled by the equation is stronger than the reference gap that was used in developing the Gallet equation. That reference gap is the gap between a rod and a plane. This follow-on report examines the effect on flashover probabilities of assuming an incorrect value for the gap factor. In particular, the flashover probability is found that would result from using a value of 1.3 when a gap factor of 1.0 should be applied. It is shown that with these assumptions the probability of a flashover changes from being extremely unlikely (about 1 in 1000 chance) to a virtual certainty (about 97% chance).

  5. Generating a battery of monoclonal antibodies against native green fluorescent protein for immunostaining, FACS, IP, and ChIP using a unique adjuvant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanchez, Philip; Daniels, Karla J; Park, Yang-Nim; Soll, David R

    2014-04-01

    Using a unique, nontoxic adjuvant compound of poly(I:C) and anti-CD40 MAb, a battery of eight mouse monoclonal antibodies was generated against native green fluorescent protein. All were effective to varying degrees for immunostaining paraformaldehyde-fixed cells, six for staining sections of paraffin-embedded tissue, all to varying degrees in fluorescent-activated cell sorting, five for immunoprecipitation, and seven for chromatin immunoprecipitation. None worked in denaturing Western blots since the target was the native GFP protein. Both the hybridomas and antibodies are available at cost through DSHB, a non-profit National Resource created by the National Institutes of Health.

  6. Blue Ribbon Commission on America's Nuclear Future: Report to the Secretary of Energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2012-01-01

    Preamble The Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future (BRC) was formed by the Secretary of Energy at the request of the President to conduct a comprehensive review of policies for managing the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle and recommend a new strategy. It was co-chaired by Rep. Lee H. Hamilton and Gen. Brent Scowcroft. Other Commissioners are Mr. Mark H. Ayers, the Hon. Vicky A. Bailey, Dr. Albert Carnesale, Sen. Pete Domenici, Ms. Susan Eisenhower, Sen. Chuck Hagel, Mr. Jonathan Lash, Dr. Allison M. Macfarlane, Dr. Richard A. Meserve, Dr. Ernest J. Moniz, Dr. Per Peterson, Mr. John Rowe, and Rep. Phil Sharp. The Commission and its subcommittees met more than two dozen times between March 2010 and January 2012 to hear testimony from experts and stakeholders, to visit nuclear waste management facilities in the United States and abroad, and to discuss the issues identified in its Charter. Additionally, in September and October 2011, the Commission held five public meetings, in different regions of the country, to hear feedback on its draft report. A wide variety of organizations, interest groups, and individuals provided input to the Commission at these meetings and through the submission of written materials. Copies of all of these submissions, along with records and transcripts of past meetings, are available at the BRC website (www.brc.gov). This report highlights the Commission’s findings and conclusions and presents recommendations for consideration by the Administration and Congress, as well as interested state, tribal and local governments, other stakeholders, and the public.

  7. Reflective writing: the student nurse's perspective on reflective writing and poetry writing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Dawn; Willis, Diane S

    2015-07-01

    Reflective writing is a mandatory part of nurse education but how students develop their skills and use reflection as part of their experiential learning remains relatively unknown. Understanding reflective writing in all forms from the perspective of a student nurse is therefore important. To explore the use of reflective writing and the use of poetry in pre-registered nursing students. A qualitative design was employed to explore reflective writing in pre-registered nursing students. A small university in Scotland. BSc (Hons) Adult and Mental Health Pre-registration Student Nurses. Two focus groups were conducted with 10 student nurses during March 2012. Data was analysed thematically using the framework of McCarthy (1999). Students found the process of reflective writing daunting but valued it over time. Current educational methods, such as assessing reflective accounts, often lead to the 'narrative' being watered down and the student feeling judged. Despite this, reflection made students feel responsible for their own learning and research on the topic. Some students felt the use of models of reflection constricting, whilst poetry freed up their expression allowing them to demonstrate the compassion for their patient under their care. Poetry writing gives students the opportunity for freedom of expression, personal satisfaction and a closer connection with their patients, which the more formal approach to reflective writing did not offer. There is a need for students to have a safe and supportive forum in which to express and have their experiences acknowledged without the fear of being judged. Crown Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Undergraduates' learning profile development: what is happening to the men?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kell, Clare

    2006-02-01

    Higher Education Institutions in the UK that offer programmes leading to professional registration with the Health Professions Council have been charged to provide the National Health Service with graduating autonomous professionals. Autonomous professionals are said to need: (a) self-directed learning skills and attributes; (b) a positive academic self-efficacy; (c) an internal academic locus of control and (d) a positive academic self-concept. The curricular influences on the development of these learning profile skills and attributes can be mapped overtime using batteries of self-rated inventories. In response to initiatives to widen access into Higher Education, increasing numbers of mature (aged 21 + years on admission) and male students are commencing undergraduate healthcare programmes. This study follows the learning profile changes of the mature, male physiotherapy students from two BSc (Hons) Physiotherapy cohorts and compares their development with that of their mature, female peers. Results suggest that the three-year undergraduate curriculum (validated 1997) had a negative effect on mature, male learning profile development. Most profile variables had fallen significantly overtime such that just prior to graduation the mature, male group was displaying a learning profile almost opposite to that suggested for an autonomous professional. The male group's cumulative assessment score was significantly lower than that for the mature, female group. The study explores the female dominance of the academic and clinical placement areas used to support undergraduate education, and considers the unintentional gender bias within elements of the curriculum and assessment design. Curricular adjustments made for the 2002 validated programme are discussed. With physiotherapy widening access initiatives striving to increase entry from non-traditional students (with mature and male students particularly targeted), this study suggests that the possible effects of

  9. [Gluten: Is the information available on the Internet valid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banti, T; Fievet, L; Fabre, A

    2017-10-01

    Internet provides easy access to health information, but the quality and validity of this information vary. Evaluate the quality of website structures and the information provided on celiac disease (CD), gluten sensitivity (GS), and wheat allergy (WA). The websites addressing CD, GS, and WA appearing on the first two pages of Google, Yahoo, and Bing from seven selected queries were investigated. We initially assessed the website structures with one instrument (Netscoring) and the presence of certification (quality label Health On the Net (HON code)). Then we evaluated the content of each website concerning the information about CD, GS, and WA. Our repository was based on the most recent guidelines of the European Society of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) and the World Gastroenterology Organization (WGO) published in 2012. The websites were classified into eight categories. One hundred and five websites were included. Twenty-one websites obtained a sufficient score with the Netscoring instrument (average 113.6/312). There was a significant correlation between the referenced websites analyzed and the grades obtained with the Netscoring instrument (Pearson=0.39, P=0.2×10(-5)): websites of scientific societies (11.8/18), community websites (9.44/18), and website associations (9.4/18). There was a significant correlation between the results obtained for the websites on CD, GS, and WA and the results obtained for the websites with the Netscoring instruments (Pearson=0.41, P=2.6×10(-6)). Only three websites were consistent with the guidelines on CD, GS, and WA. The websites were partially in agreement with the guidelines. To date, the pediatrician remains the main actor in parental guidance concerning gluten information. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  10. Changes in ECG and enzyme activity in rat heart after myocardial infarction: effect of TPP and MnCl2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tylicki, A; Czerniecki, J; Godlewska, A; Kieliszek, M; Zebrowski, T; Bielawski, T; Wojcik, B

    2008-06-01

    Heart infarction is one of the main causes of death in the human population. Assurance of a sufficient level of bioenergetic processes is very important for the heart after infarction. Mn2+ as well as thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) are positive effectors of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (PDH) and the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex (OGDH), both of which play a very important role in the Krebs cycle. Thus, we have established the effect of MnCl2 (10mg/kg) and TPP (20mg/kg)--4 injections every 12 h--on the activity of PDH, OGDH, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). Additionally, we perform an analysis of ECG to affirm the changes in the heart electrophysiology of healthy rats after MnCl2 and TPP treatment. We then analyzed changes in the activity of these enzymes after experimental myocardial infarction in rats. We observed a decrease of OGDH and MDH activity in rat hearts after infarction in comparison with sham-operated rats. Treatment of healthy rats with MnCl2 caused an increase of OGDH activity. Moreover both MnCl2 and TPP caused an increase of PDH activity and a decrease of MDH activity (TPP revealed a stronger effect). We found no changes in LDH activity. Electrocardiography data showed a slight shortening of the QT interval and an enhanced heartbeat rate after treatment with MnCl2. TPP caused only elongation of the QT interval. In conclusion, application of MnCl2 enhanced the activity of some very important enzymes in the respiration process (PDH and OGDH). This effect, connected with enhanced heartbeat and a slightly shortened ventricle relaxation, may have potential application during the key period of convalescence following heart infarction.

  11. Identifying applicants suitable to a career in nursing: a value-based approach to undergraduate selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Traynor, Marian; Galanouli, Despina; Roberts, Martin; Leonard, Lawrence; Gale, Thomas

    2017-06-01

    The aim of this study was to complement existing evidence on the suitability of Multiple Mini Interviews as a potential tool for the selection of nursing candidates on to a BSc (Hons) nursing programme. This study aimed to trial the Multiple Mini Interview approach to recruitment with a group of first year nursing students (already selected using traditional interviews). Cross-sectional validation study. This paper reports on the evaluation of the participants' detailed scores from the Multiple Mini Interview stations; their original interview scores and their end of year results. This study took place in March 2015. Scores from the seven Multiple Mini Interview stations were analysed to show the internal structure, reliability and generalizability of the stations. Original selection scores from interviews and in-course assessment were correlated with the MMI scores and variation by students' age, gender and disability status was explored. Reliability of the Multiple Mini Interview score was moderate (G = 0·52). The Multiple Mini Interview score provided better differentiation between more able students than did the original interview score but neither score was correlated with the module results. Multiple Mini Interview scores were positively associated with students' age but not their gender or disability status. The Multiple Mini Interview reported in this study offers a selection process that is based on the values and personal attributes regarded as desirable for a career in nursing and does not necessarily predict academic success. Its moderate reliability indicates the need for further improvement but it is capable of discriminating between candidates and shows little evidence of bias. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Optimal management of fatigue in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: a systematic review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuen HK

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Hon K Yuen,1 Melissa A Cunningham2 1Department of Occupational Therapy, School of Health Professions, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, 2Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, SC, USA Abstract: Among the host of distressing pathophysiological and psychosocial symptoms, fatigue is the most prevalent complaint in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE. This review is to update the current findings on non-pharmacological, pharmacological, and modality strategies to manage fatigue in patients with SLE and to provide some recommendations on optimal management of fatigue based on the best available evidence. We performed a systematic literature search of the PubMed and Scopus databases to identify publications on fatigue management in patients with SLE. Based on the studies reported in the literature, we identified nine intervention strategies that have the potential to alleviate fatigue in patients with SLE. Of the nine strategies, aerobic exercise and belimumab seem to have the strongest evidence of treatment efficacy. N-acetylcysteine and ultraviolet-A1 phototherapy demonstrated low-to-moderate levels of evidence. Psychosocial interventions, dietary manipulation (low calorie or glycemic index diet aiming for weight loss, vitamin D supplementation, and acupuncture all had weak evidence. Dehydroepiandrosterone is not recommended due to a lack of evidence for its efficacy. In addition to taking treatment efficacy and side effects into consideration, clinicians should consider factors such as cost of treatment, commitments, and burden to the patient when selecting fatigue management strategies for patients with SLE. Any comorbidities, such as psychological distress, chronic pain, sleep disturbance, obesity, or hypovitaminosis D, associated with fatigue should be addressed. Keywords: health-related quality of life, vitality, systemic lupus erythematosus, clinical

  13. Low-temperature Synthesis of Tin(II) Oxide From Tin(II) ketoacidoximate Precursor

    KAUST Repository

    Alshankiti, Buthainah

    2015-04-01

    Sn (II) oxide finds numerous applications in different fields such as thin film transistors1, solar cells2 and sensors.3 In this study we present the fabrication of tin monoxide SnO by using Sn (II) ketoacid oximate complexes as precursors. Tin (II) ketoacidoximates of the type [HON=CRCOO]2Sn where R= Me 1, R= CH2Ph 2, and [(MeON=CMeCOO)3Sn]- NH4 +.2H2O 3 were synthesized by in situ formation of the ketoacid oximate ligand. The crystal structures were determined via single crystal X- ray diffraction of the complexes 1-3 revealed square planar and square pyramidal coordination environments for the Sn atom. Intramolecular hydrogen bonding is observed in all the complexes. Furthermore, the complexes were characterized by Infrared (IR), Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) and elemental analysis. From thermogravimetric analysis of 1-3, it was found that the complexes decomposed in the range of 160 – 165 oC. Analysis of the gases evolved during decomposition indicated complete loss of the oximato ligand in one step and the formation of SnO. Spin coating of 1 on silicon or glass substrate show uniform coating of SnO. Band gaps of SnO films were measured and found to be in the range of 3.0 – 3.3 eV by UV-Vis spectroscopy. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy indicated surface oxidation of the SnO film. Heating 1 above 140 oC in air gives SnO of size ranging from 10 – 500 nm and is spherical in shape. The SnO nanomaterial is characterized by powder X-ray diffraction(XRD), Raman spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM).

  14. Adsorption and structural fractionation of dissolved organic matter (DOM) by soil mineral surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avneri, Shani; Polubesova, Tamara; Chefetz, Benny

    2015-04-01

    Dissolved organic matter (DOM) represents a small but highly reactive fraction of the soil organic matter (SOM). One of the important processes affecting the fate of DOM in soils is its interactions with mineral phases. Adsorptive fractionation of DOM by soils and minerals has been observed previously, however detailed changes in composition of DOM due to its interactions with mineral soils were not yet elucidated. In this research the adsorption and physico-chemical fractionation of DOM by soil poor with organic matter and rich with iron oxides and clay fraction was investigated. The changes in DOM structural composition were studied using separation with polymeric resins. The following fractions were obtained: hydrophobic acid (HoA), hydrophobic neutral (HoN), hydrophilic acid (HiA), hydrophilic base (HiB), and hydrophilic neutral (HiN). Two types of DOM were studied: DOM extracted from composted biosolids (compost DOM) and DOM from Suwanee River (SRNOM). Sorption affinity of DOM to soil mineral surfaces was source and chemistry dependent. SRNOM, which was characterized by higher content of aromatic and carboxylic groups demonstrated higher affinity to the studied soil than compost DOM. For both DOM samples preferential adsorption of HoA by soil (50-85% from adsorbed carbon) was observed. Desorption of both DOM types demonstrated significant hysteresis (up to 90-100% of dissolved organic carbon was retained by the soil after 3 cycles of desorption stages). This suggests that DOM desorption behavior was affected by HoA dominant adsorption to the soil mineral fraction, and not by DOM source. Results of this study indicate that interactions of different types of DOM with mineral soil may result in similar changes in composition and properties of DOM both in the supernatant as well as in the adsorbed phase. The change in DOM composition due to its interaction with soil minerals may influence the interactions of pollutants with DOM and soil particle surfaces.

  15. Web-based information on the treatment of oral leukoplakia - quality and readability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiriyakijja, Paswach; Fedele, Stefano; Porter, Stephen; Ni Riordain, Richeal

    2016-09-01

    To categorise the content and assess the quality and readability of the online information regarding the treatment for oral leukoplakia. An online search using the term 'leukoplakia treatment' was carried out on 8th June 2015 using the Google search engine. The content, quality and readability of the first 100 sites were explored. The quality of the web information was assessed using the following tools, the DISCERN instrument and the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmarks for website analysis and the HON seal. Readability was assessed via the Flesch Reading Ease Score. The search strategy generated 357 000 sites on the Google search engine. Due to duplicate links, non-operating links and irrelevant links, a total of 47 of the first 100 websites were included in this study. The mean overall rating achieved by included websites using the DISCERN instrument was 2.3. With regard to the JAMA benchmarks, the vast majority of examined websites (95.7%) completely fulfilled the disclosure benchmark and less than 50% of included websites met the three remaining criteria. A mean total readability score of 47.5 was recorded with almost 90% of websites having a readability level ranging from fairly difficult to very difficult. Based on this study, the online health information regarding oral leukoplakia has challenging readability with content of questionable accuracy. As patients often search for health information online, it would be prudent for clinicians to highlight the caution with which online information should be interpreted. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Consumerism and its impact on robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkhateeb, Sultan; Lawrentschuk, Nathan

    2011-12-01

    • Many experts consider that media coverage, marketing and/or direct-to-consumer advertising, particularly Internet-based forms, are fundamental to the widespread adoption of robotic-assisted prostatectomy (RARP). However, this has not been explored previously. • The primary objective of the present study was to delineate the role of media coverage and marketing of RARP on the Internet, whereas the secondary goal focused on website quality with respect to the presentation of prostatectomy. • Website content was evaluated for direct-to-consumer advertising after the retrieval of the first 50 websites using Google and Yahoo for each of the terms: 'robotic prostatectomy, laparoscopic prostatectomy (LP) and open radical prostatectomy (ORP)'. • A linear regression analysis was performed for the annual number of Internet news hits over the last decade for each procedure. Website quality assessment was performed using WHO Honesty on the Internet (HON) code principles. • Of the retrieved sites, the proportion containing direct-to-consumer advertising for RARP vs LP vs ORP using Google was 64% vs 14% vs 0%, respectively (P 0.05). • Media coverage and marketing of RARP on the Internet is more widespread compared to LP and ORP. • Disturbingly, the quality of websites using any technique for prostatectomy was of poor quality when using principles of honest information presenting and such findings need to be discussed with respect to obtaining informed consent from patients. © 2011 THE AUTHORS. BJU INTERNATIONAL © 2011 BJU INTERNATIONAL.

  17. Five-year follow-up of treatment outcomes in patients with early-stage breast cancer and clinically negative axillary nodes treated with no lymph node dissection or axillary clearance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamamoto D

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Daigo Yamamoto,1 Kanji Tanaka,2 Yu T subota,1 Noriko Sueoka,1 Tetsuji Shoji,3 Kayoko Kuwana,1 A-Hon Kwon11Department of Surgery, Kansai Medical University, Hirakata, 2Ribon-Rose Tanaka Kanji Breast Clinic, 3Shoji Clinic, Osaka, JapanBackground: Sentinel lymph node biopsy has steadily replaced axillary lymph node dissection (ALND for staging clinically node-negative breast cancer. However, ALND remains standard management of the axilla when a tumor-positive sentinel lymph node is identified.Methods: We identified 460 patients with breast cancer (clinically T1/T2N0M0 from the database for 1999–2004. Patient age ranged from 26 to 81 (median 50 years. Patients who underwent mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery with or without ALND were compared for regional recurrence, disease-free survival, and overall survival.Results: Patients with ALND (n = 308 were compared with the no ALND group (n = 152. Five-year overall survival and disease-free survival were not significantly different between the two groups, while there was a significant difference between them for regional recurrence. Of the 152 patients who did not undergo axillary dissection, four developed ipsilateral axillary disease, most of whom were rescued by delayed axillary dissection. Further, the criterion for identifying lymphedema was used, ie, a 2 cm circumferential change at any measured location. As a result, the incidence of lymphedema in the ALND group was 12.7%, while it was not seen in the non ALND group.Conclusion: There is a possibility that ALND may be omitted for cT1/T2N0M0 breast cancer through a combination of hormone therapy and adjuvant chemotherapy.Keywords: breast cancer, axillary lymph node dissection

  18. Efecto de la aplicación de azufre para el control de oidiosis “leveillula taurica” en el cultivo de alcachofa (Cynara scolymus L. var. imperial star

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Mauricio

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Una de las causas importantes para el decaimiento de la producción de alcachofa es por la enfermedad conocida con el nombre de oídium u oidiosis o ceniza, “ Leveillula taurica” , la q ue provoca formaciones pulverulentas en el envés de las hojas, y luego invaden el haz.; induciendo a una pérdida de masa foliar, muerte de la planta y reducción en rendimiento. Con la finalidad de poder contrarrestar el efecto de infección y avance del hon go se planteo el trabajo de investigación la cuál fue determinar la dosis adecuada del azufre para el control de oidiosis ( Leveillula taurica en el cultivo de alcachofa Cynara scolymus L var. imperial star. El experimento fue llevado a cabo en el Distrit o de Víctor Larco, Trujillo, La Libertad; suelo de textura franco arcilloso, empleándose un sistema de riego por gravedad cuya frecuencia de riego es quincenal para la conducción del cultivo. Se empleó un Diseño de Bloques Completos al Azar, con cuatro tr atamientos y un testigo, y con cuatro repeticiones. Fue realizado un análisis de varianza y la prueba de Duncan con un nivel de significancia de 5 %. Los resultados mostraron que los tratamientos aplicados de azufre reducen y controlan el avance del hongo , siendo el mejor el T2, con dosis 1 kg/cil. Se concluye que estos tratamientos son adecuados para ser aplicados en el cultivo de alcachofa para el control de oídium ( Leveillula taurica.

  19. Philip Morris research on precursors to the modern e-cigarette since 1990.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutra, Lauren M; Grana, Rachel; Glantz, Stanton A

    2017-12-01

    Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) is increasing rapidly. Chinese pharmacist Hon Lik is frequently cited as inventing the modern e-cigarette in 2003. However, tobacco companies have developed electronic nicotine delivery systems since at least 1963. We searched the University of California San Francisco Truth (formerly Legacy) Tobacco Industry Documents beginning with the terms 'electric cigarette' and 'electronic cigarettes', 'e-cigarette', 'smokeless cigarettes', 'nicotine aerosol', 'tobacco aerosol', and 'vaping' and then expanded the search using snowball sampling. We focused our analysis on Philip Morris (PM) documents discussing technology that aerosolised a nicotine solution because these devices resembled modern e-cigarettes. Over 1000 documents were reviewed; 40 were included in the final analysis. PM started developing a nicotine aerosol device in 1990 to address the health concerns and decreased social acceptability of smoking that were leading smokers to switch to nicotine replacement therapy. PM had developed a capillary aerosol generator that embodied basic e-cigarette technology in 1994, but in the mid-to-late 1990s focused on applying its aerosol technology to pharmaceutical applications because of uncertainty of how such products might affect potential Food and Drug Administration regulation of tobacco products. In 2001, PM resumed its work on a nicotine aerosol device, and in 2013, NuMark (a division of Altria, PM's parent company) released the MarkTen, a nicotine aerosol device. Rather than a disruptive technology, PM developed e-cigarette technology to complement, not compete with, conventional cigarettes and evade tobacco control regulations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  20. Bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis in Vietnam: a randomized controlled trial comparing vitrectomy with silicone oil versus vitrectomy alone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Do T

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Tan Do,1 Do N Hon,1 Tin Aung,2 Nguyen DTN Hien,1 Claude L Cowan Jr3 1Vietnam National Institute of Ophthalmology, Hanoi, Vietnam; 2Singapore National Eye Center, Singapore; 3Georgetown University Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA Background/aims: To compare treatment outcomes with and without silicone oil tamponade in patients undergoing pars plana vitrectomy (PPV for severe endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis (BEE. Methods: One hundred and eight consecutive patients with severe BEE (defined by the absence of pupil red reflex at presentation and/or dense vitreous opacity on ultrasound and no improvement after 24–36 hours of medical treatment were randomly assigned to two treatment groups: Group 1, standard PPV with intravitreal antibiotics; and Group 2, PPV with intravitreal antibiotics and silicone tamponade. Overall success was defined as: a visual acuity ≥ count fingers at 1 meter, with an attached retina, and no intraocular oil. Results: Fifty three patients were randomized to Group 1 and 55 patients to Group 2. The mean age of study subjects was 32 years and baseline clinical characteristics were similar in both groups. At the final follow-up visit at 9 months, the overall success rate of Group 2 (67.3% was significantly better than Group 1 (43.4%; P=0.01. There were also fewer devastating complications (such as inoperable retinal detachment, phthisis bulbi in Group 2 compared with Group 1 (21.8% versus 43.4%; P=0.01. Conclusion: The outcome at 9 months of patients with BEE treated by vitrectomy with silicone oil was better than those treated by vitrectomy alone. Keywords: bacterial endogenous endophthalmitis, vitrectomy, silicone oil endotamponade, randomized controlled trial

  1. Quality, Range, and Legibility in Web Sites Related to Orofacial Functions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Corrêa, Camila de Castro

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Plenty of information about health is available on the Internet; however, quality and legibility are not always evaluated. Knowledge regarding orofacial functions can be considered important for the population because it allows proper stimulus, early diagnosis, and prevention of the oral myofunctional alterations during early infancy. Objective: The aim was evaluate the quality, legibility, and range of Web sites available in Brazilian Portuguese regarding the orofacial functions. Methods: Selected Web sites with information directed to parents/caregivers of babies regarding breast-feeding, feeding after 6 months, deleterious oral habits, and breathing and speech were studied. The Web sites were evaluated through the application of Flesch Reading Ease Test and aspects of the Health on the Net (HON modified code (HONCode; the range of the subjects addressed was compared with other aspects of infant development. Results: From the access of 350 pages of the Internet, 35 Web sites were selected and 315 excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. In relation to legibility, Web sites scored an average of 61.23% in the Flesch Test, and the application of the modified HONCode showed an average of 6.43 points; an average of 2.49 subjects were found per Web site evaluated, with information on breast-feeding being more frequent and subjects such as breathing and speech less frequent. Conclusions: Web sites that deal with orofacial functions presented standard legibility classification. Only half of the ethical principles were considered by the modified HONCode in their majority, and most addressed subjects after “breast-feeding” were presented with restricted range.

  2. Autoimmune Hemolytic Anemia as a Complication of Nivolumab Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amruth R. Palla

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Recently, immunotherapeutic drugs, including PD-1 inhibitors (nivolumab, pembrolizumab, PD-L1 inhibitors (atezolizumab, avelumab, and CTLA4 inhibitors (ipiliumumab, have emerged as important additions to the armamentarium against certain malignancies and have been incorporated into therapeutic protocols for first-, second-, or third-line agents for these metastatic cancers. Immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab is currently FDA approved for the treatment of patients with metastatic malignant melanoma [Redman et al.: BMC Med 2016;14: 20], metastatic non-small cell lung cancer [Guibert and Mazières: Expert Opin Biol Ther 2015;15: 1789–1797], metastatic renal cell cancer [Farolfi et al.: Expert Opin Drug Metab Toxicol 2016;12: 1089–1096], and relapsed or refractory classic Hodgkin’s lymphoma [Villasboas and Ansell: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther 2016;16: 5–12]. Given the current and increasing indications for these drugs, it is essential for all physicians to become well versed with their common adverse effects and to be observant for other less documented clinical conditions that could be unmasked with the use of such medications. A definite association between autoimmune hemolytic anemia and the immune checkpoint inhibitor nivolumab has not been clearly documented, although a few cases have been reported recently [Kong et al.: Melanoma Res 2016;26: 202–204; Schwab et al.: Case Rep Oncol 2016;9: 373–378; Tardy et al.: Hematol Oncol 2016, DOI: 10.1002/hon.2338]. We report a case of fatal autoimmune hemolytic anemia refractory to steroids in a patient treated with nivolumab for metastatic lung cancer, and reflect on the other reported cases of autoimmune hemolytic anemia after the use of nivolumab.

  3. Available web-based teaching resources for health care professionals on screening for oral cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varela-Centelles, Pablo; Insua, Angel; Warnakulasuriya, Saman; Rapidis, Alexander; Diz, Pedro; Seoane, Juan

    2015-01-01

    Objectives: To identify websites with adequate information on oral cancer screening for healthcare professionals (HCPs) and to assess both their quality and contents. Study Design: Websites were identified using Google and HON medical professional search engines using the terms “screening for oral cancer”. The first 100 sites retrieved by each engine were analysed using the DISCERN questionnaire (reliability), the V instrument (contents on oral cancer) and further by the Flesch-Kinkaid Reading Grade Level and the Flesch Reading Ease (readability). Results: The overall rating showed minimal shortcomings in the quality of the information in the websites. The coverage and correctness of information on “visual examination” was rated as fair/good, whereas updating of contents resulted very variable (eg: 81% for visual examination and 18.2% for molecular biomarkers). These results permitted to rank the websites housing relevant information for oral cancer. Top ranking websites were affiliated to the Oral Cancer Foundation (USA), WHO Collaborating Centre for oral cancer (UK) whose webpage is entitled “Oral Cancer Education and Research”, and the Clinical Guidelines maintained by the British Columbia Cancer Agency (Canada) and the British Dental Association (UK) respectively. Conclusions: There are web-based, HCP-addressed, resources on screening for oral cancer housing heterogeneous information both in quality and contents. The use of specific evaluation tools permits the selection of reliable websites on this topic with a potential to improve the existing educational gaps among HCPs. Key words:Oral cancer, early diagnosis, screening, secondary prevention, internet, teaching resources, continuous education. PMID:25475775

  4. Pilot testing of guidelines to support good practice in the development of professional portfolios.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, David J; Cortis, Joseph D; Sowter, Julie

    2011-11-01

    The aims of this study were to evaluate whether the introduction of new evidence based portfolio guidelines helped students and assessors to understand the expectations for completion of a clinical practice portfolio, and whether this understanding resulted in the submission of evidence consistent with the guidelines. New evidence based portfolio guidelines were introduced to an undergraduate BSc (Hons) Radiography (Diagnostic) programme. A total of 134 students completed 12 item questionnaires relating to using the portfolio guidelines. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 12 students and 5 lecturer practitioners. Documentary analysis was undertaken on 26 portfolios. Survey data indicated that the new guidelines increased students' understanding of portfolio evidence requirements. Statistically significant increases in scores were evident for only two out of 12 questions; these related to understanding the need for critical reflection and which elements of the portfolio would be rewarded in assessment. Survey data also indicated some dissatisfaction with the role of lecturer practitioners and clinical assessors in relation to portfolio development. Interviews provided more mixed perceptions of the contribution of enhanced guidelines and identified some reasons for dissatisfaction with the lecturer practitioner and clinical assessor role. Documentary analysis indicated that whilst the guidelines improved students' and lecturers' understanding of evidence requirements, this did not translate into portfolio evidence which matched guideline expectations. Portfolio evidence was restricted to meeting the minimum profession specific task requirements and often indicated a mis-match between guideline expectations and assessor assessment judgements. New evidence based guidelines improved understanding of evidence and presentation requirements for clinical practice portfolios. Consistent interpretation of portfolio guidelines however requires structured

  5. The adsorption of nitrogen oxides on crystalline ice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Bartels

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The partitioning of nitrogen oxides between ice and air is of importance to the ozone budget in the upper troposphere. In the present study, adsorption of nitrogen oxides on ice was investigated at atmospheric pressure using a chromatographic technique with radioactively labelled nitrogen oxides at low concentrations. The measured retentions solely depended on molecular adsorption and were not influenced by dimerisation, formation of encapsulated hydrates on the ice surface, dissociation of the acids, nor by migration into a quasi-liquid layer or grain boundaries. Based on the chromatographic retention and the model of thermo-chromatography, the standard adsorption enthalpy of -20 kJ mol-1 for NO, -22kJ mol-1 for NO2, -30kJ mol-1 for peroxyacetyl nitrate, -32kJ mol-1 for HON} and -44 kJ mol-1 for HNO3 was calculated. To perform those calculations within the model of thermo-chromatography, the standard adsorption entropy was calculated based on statistical thermodynamics. In this work, two different choices of standard states were applied, and consequently different values of the standard adsorption entropy, of either between -39 kJ mol-1 and -45kJ mol-1, or -164 kJ mol-1 and -169 kJ mol-1 for each nitrogen oxide were derived. The standard adsorption enthalpy was identical for both standard adsorption entropies and thus shown to be independent of the choice of standard state. A brief outlook on environmental implications of our findings indicates that adsorption on ice might be an important removal process of HNO3. In addition, it might be of some importance for HONO and peroxyacetyl nitrate and irrelevant for NO and NO2.

  6. Supporting socialisation in the transition to university: A potential use for on-line discussion boards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robinson, Leslie [Directorate of Radiography, School of Health Care Professions, University of Salford (United Kingdom); Reeves, Pauline [Wrexham, Wales (United Kingdom)], E-mail: pjanec@aol.com; Murphy, Fred; Hogg, Peter [Directorate of Radiography, School of Health Care Professions, University of Salford (United Kingdom)

    2010-02-15

    Background: Promoting socialisation for students entering Higher Education is desirable on two grounds. In the first instance it facilitates the processes of student collaboration which, according to sociocultural pedagogies, is important for effective learning. Secondly, it provides a supportive social network, enhancing the student experience which is thought to reduce the risk of attrition. These two drivers provided the rationale for our work. Method: Using the Blackboard Virtual Learning Environment, two on-line discussion boards were used during the transition and induction period for the BSc (Hons) Diagnostic Radiography programme at the University of Salford. The aim was to facilitate socialisation between students about to embark on the programme and current students and staff. The use of discussion boards was evaluated using a mixed methods approach. Statistical data regarding postings was analysed. Posts and focus group comments were subject to content analysis. Results: The discussion boards were 'hit' 5718 times and there were 280 posts. A small number of students did not post any messages. There was evidence of the key features of on-line socialisation which were; establishing an identity; getting to know others; discovering and contributing to communication etiquette; and developing supporting and trusting relationships. Conclusion: The discussion boards were deemed a successful method of providing socialisation during transition and induction. There were some limitations with discussion board layout and functionality and a blog, with its chronological layout and capability to display visual cues such as emoticons may be more effective. The limited participation by some students may provide a means by which to identify 'at-risk' students before the start of the course and this would be an interesting area for further study.

  7. Quality, range, and legibility in web sites related to orofacial functions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrêa, Camila de Castro; Ferrari, Deborah Viviane; Berretin-Felix, Giédre

    2013-10-01

    Introduction Plenty of information about health is available on the Internet; however, quality and legibility are not always evaluated. Knowledge regarding orofacial functions can be considered important for the population because it allows proper stimulus, early diagnosis, and prevention of the oral myofunctional alterations during early infancy. Objective The aim was evaluate the quality, legibility, and range of Web sites available in Brazilian Portuguese regarding the orofacial functions. Methods Selected Web sites with information directed to parents/caregivers of babies regarding breast-feeding, feeding after 6 months, deleterious oral habits, and breathing and speech were studied. The Web sites were evaluated through the application of Flesch Reading Ease Test and aspects of the Health on the Net (HON) modified code (HONCode); the range of the subjects addressed was compared with other aspects of infant development. Results From the access of 350 pages of the Internet, 35 Web sites were selected and 315 excluded because they did not meet the inclusion criteria. In relation to legibility, Web sites scored an average of 61.23% in the Flesch Test, and the application of the modified HONCode showed an average of 6.43 points; an average of 2.49 subjects were found per Web site evaluated, with information on breast-feeding being more frequent and subjects such as breathing and speech less frequent. Conclusions Web sites that deal with orofacial functions presented standard legibility classification. Only half of the ethical principles were considered by the modified HONCode in their majority, and most addressed subjects after "breast-feeding" were presented with restricted range.

  8. Quality of Web-based information on obsessive compulsive disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klila H

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Hedi Klila,1 Anne Chatton,2 Ariane Zermatten,2 Riaz Khan,2 Martin Preisig,1,3 Yasser Khazaal2,4 1Department of Psychiatry, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland; 2Department of Mental Health and Psychiatry, Geneva University Hospitals, Geneva, Switzerland; 3Lausanne University, Lausanne, Switzerland; 4Geneva University, Geneva, Switzerland Background: The Internet is increasingly used as a source of information for mental health issues. The burden of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD may lead persons with diagnosed or undiagnosed OCD, and their relatives, to search for good quality information on the Web. This study aimed to evaluate the quality of Web-based information on English-language sites dealing with OCD and to compare the quality of websites found through a general and a medically specialized search engine. Methods: Keywords related to OCD were entered into Google and OmniMedicalSearch. Websites were assessed on the basis of accountability, interactivity, readability, and content quality. The "Health on the Net" (HON quality label and the Brief DISCERN scale score were used as possible content quality indicators. Of the 235 links identified, 53 websites were analyzed. Results: The content quality of the OCD websites examined was relatively good. The use of a specialized search engine did not offer an advantage in finding websites with better content quality. A score ≥16 on the Brief DISCERN scale is associated with better content quality. Conclusion: This study shows the acceptability of the content quality of OCD websites. There is no advantage in searching for information with a specialized search engine rather than a general one. Practical implications: The Internet offers a number of high quality OCD websites. It remains critical, however, to have a provider–patient talk about the information found on the Web. Keywords: Internet, quality indicators, anxiety disorders, OCD, search engine

  9. Interview: Professor Andrew Feinberg speaks to Epigenomics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feinberg, Andrew

    2009-10-01

    Doctor of Philosophy (Hon. Caus.) from Uppsala University (Sweden), and the President's Diversity Recognition Award of Johns Hopkins University.

  10. Introducing a gender-neutral pronoun in a natural gender language: the influence of time on attitudes and behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gustafsson Sendén, Marie; Bäck, Emma A; Lindqvist, Anna

    2015-01-01

    The implementation of gender fair language is often associated with negative reactions and hostile attacks on people who propose a change. This was also the case in Sweden in 2012 when a third gender-neutral pronoun hen was proposed as an addition to the already existing Swedish pronouns for she (hon) and he (han). The pronoun hen can be used both generically, when gender is unknown or irrelevant, and as a transgender pronoun for people who categorize themselves outside the gender dichotomy. In this article we review the process from 2012 to 2015. No other language has so far added a third gender-neutral pronoun, existing parallel with two gendered pronouns, that actually have reached the broader population of language users. This makes the situation in Sweden unique. We present data on attitudes toward hen during the past 4 years and analyze how time is associated with the attitudes in the process of introducing hen to the Swedish language. In 2012 the majority of the Swedish population was negative to the word, but already in 2014 there was a significant shift to more positive attitudes. Time was one of the strongest predictors for attitudes also when other relevant factors were controlled for. The actual use of the word also increased, although to a lesser extent than the attitudes shifted. We conclude that new words challenging the binary gender system evoke hostile and negative reactions, but also that attitudes can normalize rather quickly. We see this finding very positive and hope it could motivate language amendments and initiatives for gender-fair language, although the first responses may be negative.

  11. A comparison of the quality of the information available on the internet on interventional radiology, vascular surgery, and cardiology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Alsafi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context and Aims: Internet use is rapidly expanding and increasingly plays a substantial role in patient education. We sought to evaluate and compare the quality of information available to patients online on three closely linked specialties: Interventional radiology (IR, cardiology, and vascular surgery. Materials and Methods: We searched the leading three search engines for the terms: "Interventional Radiology", "cardiology," and "vascular surgery," collating the top 50 hits from each search. After excluding duplicates and irrelevant sites, 43, 25, and 36 sites remained, respectively. Sites were analyzed using the LIDA instrument (an online tool for assessing health-related websites and Fleisch Reading Ease Scores (FRES were compared across the different search terms and correlated with the country of origin and certification by the Health on the Net (HON Foundation. Results: There was no significant difference ( P>0.05 in the total LIDA, accessibility, usability or reliability scores between the three specialties. HONCode certification was associated with higher LIDA (83.1±1.6 vs. 71.53±0.8 ( P<0.0001, reliability (75.7±3.6 vs. 49.0±1.6 ( P<0.0001 and FRES (37.4±4.0 vs. 29.7±1.4 ( P=0.0441. Conclusion: Websites are generally well designed and easy to use; the majority however, lacks currency and reliability. Despite similarity in quality of online information, there is a disparity in knowledge of IR; this may be due to low web-traffic figures of IR sites. Wikipedia′s user-generated content, ranks highly in major search engines, as such; this could serve as means of disseminating reliable health information to patients.

  12. Quality of Information Available Via the Internet for Patients With Otological Conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danino, Julian; Muzaffar, Jameel; Mitchell-Innes, Alistair; Howard, James; Coulson, Chris

    2016-09-01

    Evaluate the type, content, and quality of information available via the Internet for patients with common otological conditions. The Google search engine was used to generate responses for the following search terms: glue ear, otitis media, otosclerosis, Ménière's disease, cholesteatoma, and ear perforation. The first 10 websites for each search term were selected for analysis. Websites were evaluated with the validated DISCERN instrument (Institute of Health Sciences, University of Oxford, UK), the LIDA tool (Minervation Ltd, Oxford, UK), the Flesch Readability Formula, the Simple Measure Of Gobbledygook (SMOG) readability score, and against the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) criteria. Comparisons were made with a similar study assessing quality of information in nonotological conditions. Mean SMOG score was 12.19 years of education (range, 6.2-22.8). The health on the net (HON) symbol appeared on 15 of 49 websites (30.61%). Pearson's r was used to identify interactions between variables and demonstrated a significant correlation between LIDA score and Google ranking (R = -0.1195, p = 0.002); between university/hospital affiliation and JAMA score (R = -1.7889, p = 0.0182) and commercial affiliation and JAMA score (R = 1.0561; p = 0.01). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed LIDA to be the strongest predictor of Google ranking (Page rank decreasing by 0.10572 per LIDA score; p = 0.01). As websites with better Google ranking were only weakly associated with higher quality rankings patients would benefit from being directed to reliable websites by clinicians. There is currently a gap in the available resources for a high quality repository of otological information aimed at patients.

  13. PREFACE: International Conference on Inverse Problems 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hon, Yiu-Chung; Ling, Leevan

    2011-03-01

    Following the first International Conference on Inverse Problems - Recent Theoretical Development and Numerical Approaches held at the City University of Hong Kong in 2002, the fifth International Conference was held again at the City University during December 13-17, 2010. This fifth conference was jointly organized by Professor Yiu-Chung Hon (Co-Chair, City University of Hong Kong, HKSAR), Dr Leevan Ling (Co-Chair, Hong Kong Baptist University, HKSAR), Professor Jin Cheng (Fudan University, China), Professor June-Yub Lee (Ewha Womans University, South Korea), Professor Gui-Rong Liu (University of Cincinnati, USA), Professor Jenn-Nan Wang (National Taiwan University, Taiwan), and Professor Masahiro Yamamoto (The University of Tokyo, Japan). It was agreed to alternate holding the conference among the above places (China, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, and Hong Kong) once every two years. The next conference has been scheduled to be held at the Southeast University (Nanjing, China) in 2012. The purpose of this series of conferences is to establish a strong collaborative link among the universities of the Asian-Pacific regions and worldwide leading researchers in inverse problems. The conference addressed both theoretical (mathematics), applied (engineering) and developmental aspects of inverse problems. The conference was intended to nurture Asian-American-European collaborations in the evolving interdisciplinary areas and it was envisioned that the conference would lead to long-term commitments and collaborations among the participating countries and researchers. There was a total of more than 100 participants. A call for the submission of papers was sent out after the conference, and a total of 19 papers were finally accepted for publication in this proceedings. The papers included in the proceedings cover a wide scope, which reflects the current flourishing theoretical and numerical research into inverse problems. Finally, as the co-chairs of the Inverse Problems

  14. Bad News: Analysis of the Quality of Information on Influenza Prevention Returned by Google in English and Italian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maki, Ali; Evans, Roger; Ghezzi, Pietro

    2015-01-01

    Information available to the public influences the approach of the population toward vaccination against influenza compared with other preventative approaches. In this study, we have analyzed the first 200 websites returned by searching Google on two topics (prevention of influenza and influenza vaccine), in English and Italian. For all the four searches above, websites were classified according to their typology (government, commercial, professional, portals, etc.) and for their trustworthiness as defined by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) score, which assesses whether they provide some basic elements of information quality (IQ): authorship, currency, disclosure, and references. The type of information described was also assessed to add another dimension of IQ. Websites on influenza prevention were classified according to the type of preventative approach mentioned (vaccine, lifestyle, hygiene, complementary medicine, etc.), whether the approaches were in agreement with evidence-based medicine (EBM) or not. Websites on influenza vaccination were classified as pro- or anti-vaccine, or neutral. The great majority of websites described EBM approaches to influenza prevention and had a pro-vaccine orientation. Government websites mainly pointed at EBM preventative approaches and had a pro-vaccine orientation, while there was a higher proportion of commercial websites among those which promote non-EBM approaches. Although the JAMA score was lower in commercial websites, it did not correlate with the preventative approaches suggested or the orientation toward vaccines. For each of the four search engine result pages (SERP), only one website displayed the health-of-the-net (HON) seal. In the SERP on vaccines, journalistic websites were the most abundant category and ranked higher than average in both languages. Analysis using natural language processing showed that journalistic websites were mostly reporting news about two specific topics (different

  15. A new subfamily of Feaellidae (Arachnida, Chelonethi, Feaelloidea) from Southeast Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Judson, Mark L I

    2017-04-26

    The first extant representatives of the pseudoscorpion family Feaellidae from Southeast Asia are described. Cybella n. gen. is proposed for Cybella deharvengi n. sp. (type species), collected from an isolated limestone hill in Hon Chong Province, Vietnam, and C. bedosae n. sp., found in a limestone cave in Kampuchea, Cambodia. Cybella species seem to be restricted to karst formations and are probably troglophilic. The type localities of the two known species are threatened by quarrying activities, these being particularly pressing in the case of C. deharvengi n. sp. Cybella shows important differences from other Feaellidae that require a modification of the familial diagnosis and justify the erection of a new subfamily, Cybellinae. The discovery of this group provides insights into the evolution of the unusual morphology of the family, notably concerning the pleural plates of Feaellinae, which are lacking in Cybellinae. The smaller sclerites of the pleura of Pseudogarypidae and Feaellidae are shown to be muscle apodemes, which provide an additional synapomorphy for Feaelloidea. Two types of coxal spines, termed primary and secondary, are distinguished in Feaelloidea, based on the presence of a lumen within the primary spines and its absence in secondary spines. The new morphological term atrial plate is proposed for a sclerotized plate of the male genitalia, extending between the lateral rods and the lateral apodemes. Claims that the internal genital setae of males of non-chthonioid pseudoscorpions are secretory are reviewed and found to lack support.        Additional information concerning the fossil genus Protofeaella Henderickx, 2016 is provided, based on an adult male in amber from the Cretaceous (lowermost Cenomanian) of Myanmar. Protofeaella shares with Cybella the absence of pleural plates and the antiaxial position of the chemosensory setae of the movable chelal finger. However, it differs from both Cybellinae and Feaellinae in having relatively

  16. Fixed combination of travoprost and timolol maleate reduces intraocular pressure in Japanese patients with primary open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension: analysis by prostaglandin analogue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nakano T

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Tadashi Nakano,1 Shiro Mizoue,2 Nobuo Fuse,3 Aiko Iwase,4 Shun Matsumoto,5 Keiji Yoshikawa6 On behalf of the I.CHANGE2 study group 1Department of Ophthalmology, The Jikei University School of Medicine, Nishi-Shimbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Ehime University Graduate School of Medicine, Shitsukawa, Toon-city, Ehime, 3Department of Integrative Genomics, Tohoku Medical Megabank Organization, Seiryo-machi, Sendai, Miyagi, 4Tajimi Iwase Eye Clinic, Hon-machi, Tajimi, Gifu, 5Department of Ophthalmology, Tokyo Teishin Hospital, Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, 6Yoshikawa Eye Clinic, Naka-machi, Machida, Tokyo, Japan Background: We have shown a decrease in mean intraocular pressure (IOP by switching to travoprost/timolol fixed combination (TTFC in subjects receiving prostaglandin analogue (PGA monotherapy and requiring additional medication in a previous report. For analyzing factors affecting IOP reduction, baseline IOP and preceding PGA were selected as statistically and clinically significant factors. In this report, we examine IOP-lowering effect and adverse drug reactions by preceding PGA.Methods: Patients with primary open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension who received monotherapy with one of four PGAs (travoprost, latanoprost, tafluprost, or bimatoprost for at least 3 months at 26 institutions and were determined to require additional medication by their primary physician were included. IOP reduction and adverse events were examined at 4, 8, and 12 weeks for each of four PGAs after switching to TTFC.Results: In total, 157 patients who could be followed up for at least 4 weeks after switching to TTFC were included in the efficacy analysis. Multiple regression analysis was performed, and baseline IOP and PGA were found to be significant factors to IOP reduction. IOP reduction at week 12, adjusted with the regression model, was -3.5, -1.8, and -1.4 mmHg in the tafluprost, latanoprost, and travoprost groups, whereas it was -0.5 mm

  17. Critical Imperative for the Reform of British Interpretation of Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations: Analysis of FIGO and NICE Guidelines, Post-Truth Foundations, Cognitive Fallacies, Myths and Occam's Razor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sholapurkar, Shashikant L

    2017-04-01

    false premise to begin with. This is not surprising considering that the commonest pathophysiology of intrapartum hypoxemia is contraction-induced reduction in uteroplacental perfusion (sometimes already compromised) and not cord compression at all. This distorted categorization causes confusion, false-alarm fatigue and difficulty in focusing on real pathological decelerations making CTG interpretation dysfunctional ultimately compromising patient safety. Obstetricians/midwives should demand reverting to the previous more scientific British categorization of decelerations based solely on time relationship to contractions as advocated by the pioneers like Hon and Caldeyro-Barcia, rather than accepting the current "post-truth" scenario.

  18. Electric dipole moments, cluster metallicity, and the magnetism of rare earth clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlan, John

    order. HoN and TbN show very similar size dependent trends suggesting that these clusters have similar structures.

  19. The need to enhance the employability competences (knowledge, skills, autonomy, and attitudes of undergraduates in Agriculture. Evidence from students’ perceptions and employers’ expectations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nigel Yoven Armoogum

    2016-11-01

    , proposed for the degree of BSc (Hons Agriscience and Technology of the FoA.[1] “Digest of Agricultural Statistics Mauritius,” Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, http://statsmauritius.govmu.org/English/StatsbySubj/Documents/Digest/Digest%20of%20Agricultural%20Statistics%202014.pdf.

  20. Endothelial cell counts after Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty versus penetrating keratoplasty in Asian eyes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ang M

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Marcus Ang1,2, Jodhbir S Mehta1–4, Arundhati Anshu1,2, Hon Kiat Wong5, Hla M Htoon2, Donald Tan1–31Singapore National Eye Centre, 2Singapore Eye Research Institute, 3Department of Ophthalmology, National University Health Systems, 4Department of Clinical Sciences, Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, 5Department of Ophthalmology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, SingaporeBackground: The purpose of this study was to compare endothelial cell counts after Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK and penetrating keratoplasty in Asian eyes.Methods: This was a retrospective study of patients from our prospective Singapore Corneal Transplant Study cohort who received corneal transplantation in 2006–2008. We compared eyes that underwent DSAEK or penetrating keratoplasty for Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy or pseudophakic and aphakic bullous keratopathy. Clinical data, and donor and recipient characteristics were recorded. Of 241 patients who met our inclusion criteria, 68 underwent DSAEK and 173 underwent penetrating keratoplasty. The main outcome measure was endothelial cell loss at 1 year. Secondary outcome measures were graft survival and visual outcomes at 1-year follow-up.Results: There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics of patients between the treatment groups. Percent endothelial cell loss at 1-year follow-up was greater in penetrating keratoplasty eyes (40.9% ± 2.9% compared with DSAEK eyes (22.4% ± 2.3%; P < 0.001. DSAEK-treated eyes had significantly superior uncorrected visual acuity (mean difference = 0.42 ± 0.0059; P < 0.001 and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (mean difference = 0.14 ± 0.032; P < 0.001 as compared with penetrating keratoplasty-treated eyes. Penetrating keratoplasty-treated eyes had worse astigmatism as compared with DSAEK-treated eyes (-3.0 ± 2.1 versus -1.7 ± 0.8; P < 0.001. Graft survival at 1 year was comparable in both groups, ie, 66/68 (97.0% DSAEK-treated eyes

  1. Critical Imperative for the Reform of British Interpretation of Fetal Heart Rate Decelerations: Analysis of FIGO and NICE Guidelines, Post-Truth Foundations, Cognitive Fallacies, Myths and Occam’s Razor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sholapurkar, Shashikant L.

    2017-01-01

    unresolved suggesting a false premise to begin with. This is not surprising considering that the commonest pathophysiology of intrapartum hypoxemia is contraction-induced reduction in uteroplacental perfusion (sometimes already compromised) and not cord compression at all. This distorted categorization causes confusion, false-alarm fatigue and difficulty in focusing on real pathological decelerations making CTG interpretation dysfunctional ultimately compromising patient safety. Obstetricians/midwives should demand reverting to the previous more scientific British categorization of decelerations based solely on time relationship to contractions as advocated by the pioneers like Hon and Caldeyro-Barcia, rather than accepting the current “post-truth” scenario. PMID:28270884

  2. Chiropractors & Osteopaths Musculo-Skeletal Interest Group (COMSIG)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Bruce F.

    1992-01-01

    The Chiropractors & Osteopaths Musculo-Skeletal Interest Group evolved from regular clinical meetings at Ringwood Clinic, a multi-disciplinary clinic in Melbourne In 1987 the Directors of the clinic Bruce F. Walker D.C. and Alison Hogg MB.BS. (Hons), FRACGP. Decided to invite a range of guest speakers (on musculo-skeletal topics) to give an address every 6 weeks Local practitioners of all persuasions were invited to attend these meetings. Although all groups were represented, by far the greatest interest shown by the chiropractors and osteopaths In 1989 Peter D. Werth B.App.Sc.(Chiro) joined the team and together with the writer formulated a plan to broaden the list of invited guests to all registered chiropractors and osteopaths in Melbourne Naturally, this required a larger venue and organisation. After several successful meetings attracting groups of 60 to 70 practitioners we formalised the COMSIG organisation and gained the invaluable assistance of David de l Harpe B.Sc., B.App.Sc.(Chiro), MB.,BS., Shane Carter B.App.Sc.(Chiro) and Simon Clement D.O. on our committee. More recently Shane Carter left for overseas and was ably replaced by Miriam Bourke B.App.Sc.(Chiro) This year COMSIG incorporated under the name of the long established Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia So, what is COMSIG and what are it’s objectives? COMSIG is a special interest group of the Chiropractic & Osteopathic College of Australasia. More specifically, it is an affiliation of Chiropractors and Osteopaths with interests pertaining to the musculo-skeletal system The objectives for which COMSIG was established are: to promote knowledge of disorders of the musculo-skeletal system.to provide a forum for the interchange of ideas related to such disorders.to educate chiropractors, osteopaths and other health professionals about the diagnosis and management of such disorders.to encourage the diagnosis and management of musculo-skeletal disorders in a scientific and ethical

  3. Injured workers’ perception of loss and gain in the return to work process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lai HS

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Hon Sun Lai,1,2 Grace PY Szeto,1 Chetwyn CH Chan3 1Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, 2Total Rehabilitation Management (Hong Kong Limited, 3Applied Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong Abstract: When a worker is injured at work, he has to face a tough decision-making process about when and how to return to work (RTW. This study tests how the prospect theory can be applied to influence the injured workers’ perceptions about this important choice. One hundred forty-one injured workers were presented with wage- and pain-related information in four different message framing (negatively or positively and precision (smaller or larger number conditions. After exposure to the specific combination of this wage and pain information, the participants were asked to express intentions to RTW in terms of perceived chance, confidence, and anticipated sick leave duration. When asked to predict their RTW outcome, 101 participants (72.3% responded favorably, whereas only 40 (27.7% indicated an expectation for staying on sick leave. The present results did not show significant differences in the participants’ responses to the positively and negatively framed information about wage and pain. However, it was noted that the control group that was presented with positive framing for both “wage” and “pain” information showed higher scores in expectation and confidence for RTW, whereas the Ambivalent Group that had both negative messages showed lower scores. Seventy-nine participants who had ≥60% perceived improvement in condition were selected for further analysis, and those who were presented with “wage loss” information rated significantly higher perceived chance of RTW than those in the “pain gain” group. More in-depth investigation is warranted on this topic, with a larger sample of injured workers to investigate the

  4. Bad news. Analysis of the quality of information on influenza prevention returned by Google in English and Italian.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali eMaki

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Information available to the public influences the approach of the population towards vaccination against influenza compared with other preventative approaches. In this study we have analyzed the first 200 websites returned by searching Google on two topics (prevention of influenza and influenza vaccine, in English and Italian. For all the four searches above, websites were classified according to their typology (government, commercial, professional, portals etc. and for their trustworthiness as defined by the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA score which assesses whether they provide some basic elements of information quality (IQ: authorship, currency, disclosure and references. The type of information described was also assessed to add another dimension of IQ. Websites on influenza prevention were classified according to the type of preventative approach mentioned (vaccine, lifestyle, hygiene, complementary medicine etc., whether the approaches were in agreement with evidence based medicine (EBM or not. Websites on influenza vaccination were classified as pro- or anti-vaccine, or neutral. The great majority of websites described EBM approaches to influenza prevention and had a pro-vaccine orientation. Government websites mainly pointed at EBM preventative approaches and had a pro-vaccine orientation, while there was a higher proportion of commercial websites among those which promote non-EBM approaches. Although the JAMA score was lower in commercial websites, it did not correlate with the preventative approaches suggested or the orientation toward vaccines. For each of the four search engine result pages (SERP, only one website displayed the health-of-the-net (HON seal.In the SERP on vaccines, journalistic websites were the most abundant category and ranked higher than average in both languages. Analysis using natural language processing showed that journalistic websites were mostly reporting news about two specific topics

  5. Na Bahia Setecentista, um pioneiro do abolicionismo? In eighteenth-century Bahia, a pioneer of abolitionism?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OFM Fr. Hugo Fragoso

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available No ano de 1992, foi republicado por Paulo Suess Etíope Resgatado, de autoria do Pe. Manuel Ribeiro Rocha. Tratava-se de obra raríssima, pois, quanto consta, só havia em todo o Brasil um único exemplar, na Biblioteca Nacional do Rio de Janeiro. Já vinha eu fazendo pesquisas em torno do Pe. Ribeiro Rocha, a quem costumava qualificar de "pioneiro do abolicionismo" no Brasil. Com a reedição de Etíope Resgatado, tomei conhecimento da leitura de Paulo Suess, numa direção quase totalmente contrária. Para este, Ribeiro Rocha não passaria de um simples "reformista", que nada acrescentara de ideia libertária ao problema da escravidão negra. Aliás, essa tinha sido a tese de Ronaldo Vainfas e José Honório Rodrigues, que veem na obra de Ribeiro Rocha mais um exemplar do "pensamento escravista", que apenas condenava, como o faziam todos os homens de Igreja, os excessos e barbaridades da escravidão negra. Todo este nosso trabalho se orienta, portanto, na direção de uma leitura "abolicionista" do Etíope Resgatado, embora admita as evidências claras de "concessões" feitas por Ribeiro Rocha à situação escravocrata de seu tempo.In 1992, there was republished by Paulo Suess "Etíope resgatado", written by Father Manuel Ribeiro Rocha. It was very rare work, because, as stated, there was a single copy in the National Library of Rio de Janeiro in Brazil. I had, at this point, already started a research about the Father Ribeiro Rocha, whom used to be described as "a pioneer of abolitionism" in Brazil. With the reissue of "Etíope resgatado", I took notice about Paulo Suess lecture, in an almost completely opposite direction. According to Suess, Ribeiro Rocha was nothing more than a simple "reformer" who had added nothing to the problem of libertarian idea of black slavery. Incidentally, this was the thesis Vainfas Ronaldo and Jose Honorio Rodrigues argued, who saw the work of Ribeiro Rocha another copy of "slavery thought" which only condemned

  6. Characterizing the Aedes aegypti population in a Vietnamese village in preparation for a Wolbachia-based mosquito control strategy to eliminate dengue.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason A L Jeffery

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: A life-shortening strain of the obligate intracellular bacteria Wolbachia, called wMelPop, is seen as a promising new tool for the control of Aedes aegypti. However, developing a vector control strategy based on the release of mosquitoes transinfected with wMelPop requires detailed knowledge of the demographics of the target population. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In Tri Nguyen village (611 households on Hon Mieu Island in central Vietnam, we conducted nine quantitative entomologic surveys over 14 months to determine if Ae. aegypti populations were spatially and temporally homogenous, and to estimate population size. There was no obvious relationship between mosquito (larval, pupal or adult abundance and temperature and rainfall, and no area of the village supported consistently high numbers of mosquitoes. In almost all surveys, key premises produced high numbers of Ae. aegypti. However, these premises were not consistent between surveys. For an intervention based on a single release of wMelPop-infected Ae. aegypti, release ratios of infected to uninfected adult mosquitoes of all age classes are estimated to be 1.8-6.7ratio1 for gravid females (and similarly aged males or teneral adults, respectively. We calculated that adult female mosquito abundance in Tri Nguyen village could range from 1.1 to 43.3 individuals of all age classes per house. Thus, an intervention could require the release of 2-78 wMelPop-infected gravid females and similarly aged males per house, or 7-290 infected teneral female and male mosquitoes per house. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Given the variability we encountered, this study highlights the importance of multiple entomologic surveys when evaluating the spatial structure of a vector population or estimating population size. If a single release of wMelPop-infected Ae. aegypti were to occur when wild Ae. aegypti abundance was at its maximum, a preintervention control program would be necessary to ensure that

  7. Nitrite-reductase and peroxynitrite isomerization activities of Methanosarcina acetivorans protoglobin.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Ascenzi

    Full Text Available Within the globin superfamily, protoglobins (Pgb belong phylogenetically to the same cluster of two-domain globin-coupled sensors and single-domain sensor globins. Multiple functional roles have been postulated for Methanosarcina acetivorans Pgb (Ma-Pgb, since the detoxification of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species might co-exist with enzymatic activity(ies to facilitate the conversion of CO to methane. Here, the nitrite-reductase and peroxynitrite isomerization activities of the CysE20Ser mutant of Ma-Pgb (Ma-Pgb* are reported and analyzed in parallel with those of related heme-proteins. Kinetics of nitrite-reductase activity of ferrous Ma-Pgb* (Ma-Pgb*-Fe(II is biphasic and values of the second-order rate constant for the reduction of NO2- to NO and the concomitant formation of nitrosylated Ma-Pgb*-Fe(II (Ma-Pgb*-Fe(II-NO are k(app1= 9.6 ± 0.2 M(-1 s(-1 and k(app2 = 1.2 ± 0.1 M(-1 s(-1 (at pH 7.4 and 20 °C. The k(app1 and k(app2 values increase by about one order of magnitude for each pH unit decrease, between pH 8.3 and 6.2, indicating that the reaction requires one proton. On the other hand, kinetics of peroxynitrite isomerization catalyzed by ferric Ma-Pgb* (Ma-Pgb*-Fe(III is monophasic and values of the second order rate constant for peroxynitrite isomerization by Ma-Pgb*-Fe(III and of the first order rate constant for the spontaneous conversion of peroxynitrite to nitrate are h(app = 3.8 × 10(4 M(-1 s(-1 and h0 = 2.8 × 10(-1 s(-1 (at pH 7.4 and 20 °C. The pH-dependence of hon and h0 values reflects the acid-base equilibrium of peroxynitrite (pKa = 6.7 and 6.9, respectively; at 20 °C, indicating that HOONO is the species that reacts preferentially with the heme-Fe(III atom. These results highlight the potential role of Pgbs in the biosynthesis and scavenging of reactive nitrogen and oxygen species.

  8. Perthes Disease: The Quality and Reliability of Information on the Internet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nassiri, Mujtaba; Bruce-Brand, Robert A; O'Neill, Francis; Chenouri, Shojaeddin; Curtin, Paul

    2015-01-01

    Research has shown that up to 89% of parents used the Internet to seek health information regarding their child's medical condition. Much of the information on the Internet is valuable; however, the quality of health information is variable and unregulated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality and content of information about Perthes disease on the Internet using recognized scoring systems, identification of quality markers, and describe a novel specific score. We searched the top 3 search engines (Google, Yahoo!, and Bing) for the following keywords: "Perthes disease." Forty-five unique Web sites were identified. The Web sites were then categorized by type and assessed using the DISCERN score, the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) benchmark criteria, and a novel Perthes-specific Content score. The presence of the Health On the Net (HON) code, a reported quality assurance marker, was noted. Of the Web sites analyzed, the Majority were Governmental and Nonprofit Organizations (NPO) (37.8%), followed by commercial Web sites (22.2%). Only 6 of the Web sites were HONcode certified. The mean DISCERN score was 53.1 (SD=9.0). The Governmental and NPO Web sites had the highest overall DISCERN scores followed closely by Physician Web sites. The mean JAMA benchmark criteria score was 2.1 (SD=1.2). Nine Web sites had maximal scores and the Academic Web sites had the highest overall JAMA benchmark scores. DISCERN scores, JAMA benchmark scores, and Perthes-specific Content scores were all greater for Web sites that bore the HONcode seal. The quality of information available online regarding Perthes disease is of variable quality. Governmental and NPO Web sites predominate and also provide higher quality content. The HONcode seal is a reliable indicator of Web site quality. Physicians should recommend the HONcode seal to their patients as a reliable indicator of Web site quality or, better yet, refer patients to sites they have personally reviewed

  9. fac-[1,2-Bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethane-κN]tricarbon-yl(1,10-phenanthroline-κ(2) N,N')rhenium(I) hexa-fluorido-phosphate aceto-nitrile monosolvate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilardi, Silvana; Patrocinio, Antonio Otavio Toledo; de Sousa, Sinval Fernandes; Ellena, Javier

    2014-07-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Re(C12H8N2)(C12H12N2)(CO)3]PF6.·CH3CN, contains one cation, one hexa-fluorido-phosphate anion and one aceto-nitrile solvent mol-ecule. The Re(I) ion is coordinated by two N atoms from the 1,10-phenanthroline ligand and one N atom from the 1,2-bis-(pyridin-4-yl)ethane ligand [mean Re-N = 2.191 (15) Å] and by three carbonyl ligands [mean Re-C = 1.926 (3) Å] in a distorted octa-hedral geometry. The electrostatic forces and weak C-H⋯F(O) hydrogen bonds pack cations and anions into the crystal with voids of 82 Å(3), which are filled by solvent mol-ecules. The crystal packing exhibits short inter-molecular O⋯O distance of 2.795 (5) Å between two cations related by inversion.

  10. fac-[1,2-Bis(pyridin-4-yl)ethane-κN]tricarbon­yl(1,10-phenanthroline-κ2 N,N′)rhenium(I) hexa­fluorido­phosphate aceto­nitrile monosolvate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guilardi, Silvana; Patrocinio, Antonio Otavio Toledo; de Sousa, Sinval Fernandes; Ellena, Javier

    2014-01-01

    The asymmetric unit of the title compound, [Re(C12H8N2)(C12H12N2)(CO)3]PF6.·CH3CN, contains one cation, one hexa­fluorido­phosphate anion and one aceto­nitrile solvent mol­ecule. The ReI ion is coordinated by two N atoms from the 1,10-phenanthroline ligand and one N atom from the 1,2-bis­(pyridin-4-yl)ethane ligand [mean Re—N = 2.191 (15) Å] and by three carbonyl ligands [mean Re—C = 1.926 (3) Å] in a distorted octa­hedral geometry. The electrostatic forces and weak C—H⋯F(O) hydrogen bonds pack cations and anions into the crystal with voids of 82 Å3, which are filled by solvent mol­ecules. The crystal packing exhibits short inter­molecular O⋯O distance of 2.795 (5) Å between two cations related by inversion. PMID:25161535

  11. Hydrogenation of CO2 to formic acid with iridium(III)(bisMETAMORPhos)(hydride): the role of a dormant fac-Ir-III(trihydride) and an active trans-Ir-III(dihydride) species

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oldenhof, S.; van der Vlugt, J.I.; Reek, J.N.H.

    2016-01-01

    An Ir-III-monohydride species bearing a chemoresponsive ligand is active in catalytic CO2 hydrogenation to formic acid with DBU as the exogenous base. Spectroscopic and computational data reveal a trans-Ir-III-dihydride as the essential catalytic intermediate and an Ir-III(H)(3) species as the

  12. Diseño de un modelo de control de mantenimiento aeronáutico con base en la norma NTCGP 1000:24, para realizar auditorías de gestión en la FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Alexander Méndez Perdomo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación pretende formular una alternativa acorde con las orientaciones de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana para cumplir con el plan institucional 2006-2019 a través de la Norma Técnica Colombiana en la Gestión Pública NTC GPl 000: 2004. Asimismo, se tornaron como referencia formatos comercia les que permit ieron a las diferentes entidades públicas y privadas realizar una constante revisión de los procesos internos y externos cuya finalidad consiste en buscar un mejoramiento continuo, teniendo en cuenta las normas de calidad internacional que buscan establecer una estandarización en beneficio de los usuarios.

  13. Recombinant coagulation factor VIIa labelled with the fac-99 mTc(CO)3-core: synthesis and in vitro evaluation of a putative new radiopharmaceutical for imaging in acute bleeding lesion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jacob; Christensen, Jesper B.; Olsen, Ole H.

    2011-01-01

    FVIIa (rFVIIa) was radiolabeled with technetium-99m in a direct labeling reaction using the ‘carbonyl approach’ using the IsoLink s carbonyl labeling agent. The properties of 99mTc(CO)3- rFVIIa complex was analyzed by TCA precipitation, HPLC and FVIIa functional integrity was tested in in vitro assays...

  14. Interim Regional Supplement to the Corps of Engineers Wetland Delineation Manual: Alaska Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-02-01

    Aster sibiricus FAC Galium boreale FACU Athyrium filix-femina FAC Geocaulon lividum FACU Beckmannia eruciformis OBL Geranium erianthum NI Betula...Artemisia arctica UPL Geranium pratense FAC Artemisia tilesii UPL Geum calthifolium FACW Athyrium filix-femina FAC Geum macrophyllum FACW Bromus

  15. Guest Foreword by Lord Phillips KG PC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas A. Phillips

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available The Rt Hon The Lord Phillips of Worth Matravers KG PC, President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Ambition and excellence. Those two words epitomize Qatar. Under the leadership of his Highness the Emir, this small State has set out to make an impact on the world that belies its size. Ambitious was the plan to have an international broadcasting station. Ambitious was the plan to build from scratch a Museum of Islamic Art. Ambitious was the bid – the successful bid to host the World Cup in 2022. Ambitious is the bid to stage the Olympic Games in 2020. Qatar not merely has ambitions, it realizes its ambitions. And when it does so it is not enough to say that the result is ‘world class’, for Qatar sets out to be a world leader in whatever it puts its hand to. Excellence is the norm. Al Jazeera has established itself as the broadcasting station of choice for many throughout the world. The Doha Museum of Islamic Art is recognized as being second to none. In addition, the scale and standard of development in Doha itself is setting new standards of excellence in the fields of architecture and civil engineering. Thus when Qatar focuses its energies on education and the law, high achievements are expected. I shall have the honour of helping to achieve those expectations when I succeed Lord Woolf as President of Qatar’s new and impressive Civil and Commercial Court. The College of Law at Qatar University is already achieving excellence in the field of legal education. So, naturally, all expect great things of this new International Review of Law and I am delighted to have been invited to welcome it by this foreword. The range of the first edition is both international and topical. Those countries that have experienced the turbulence of the Arab Spring are settling new constitutions, and other countries are bent on constitutional reform designed to avoid such turbulence. So an erudite article on

  16. Rajakarjalainen kuuntelutesti: havainnoijina suomen kielen yliopisto-opiskelijat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helka Riionheimo

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Tutkimuksessa selvitetään kansanlingvistisen kuuntelutestin avulla, miten hyvin suomalaisten yliopistojen suomen kielen opiskelijat tunnistavat Raja-Karjalan murteen. Raja-Karjalassa puhuttu karjalan kieli on vakavasti uhanalainen, eikä sitä kuule jokapäiväisessä elämässä. Testi osoittaakin, että useimmille opiskelijoille näytteen kielimuoto on vierasta. Testiin osallistuneet saivat esittää näytteen alkuperästä yhden tai useamman arvauksen. Yli puolet 337 vastaajasta sijoitti näytteen Suomen itäosiin tai itärajan tuntumaan, noin kolmasosa Savoon, viidesosa Pohjois-Suomeen ja noin kymmenesosa Kaakkois-Suomeen. Noin 15 % tunnisti näytteen karjalaksi; parhaiten näytteen tunnistivat Itä-Suomen yliopiston opiskelijat. Osassa vastauksia tuotiin esille vieraan kielen vaikutus, joka yhdistettiin varsinkin venäjään. Opiskelijat kiinnittivät näytteessä huomiota erityisesti pitkien a- ja ä-vokaalien diftongiutumiseen, suomesta poikkeaviin sibilantteihin ja affrikaattaan sekä jälkitavujen h:hon ja liudentuneisiin konsonantteihin, joiden perusteella näyte pyrittiin paikantamaan. Vaikka opiskelijoiden käyttämä terminologia paljasti eroja tavallisten maallikoiden metakieleen, mukana kielen kuvauksessa oli myös paljon kansanomaisia ja arkikielisiä ilmauksia. *** "Border Karelian recognition test: University students of Finnish language as observers" The study uses a folk-linguistic recognition task to investigate how well students of Finnish language at Finnish universities recognise a sample of Border Karelian dialect. The Karelian language (once spoken in the Border Karelia region in the easternmost corner of pre-war Finland is severely endangered and most Finns have never heard Karelian spoken publicly. The test confirms the presumption that the Border Karelian dialect is not familiar to university students. The respondents were allowed to make one or more guesses about the origin of the test sample. More than a half of

  17. The Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clerk Maxwell, James; Niven, W. D.

    2011-01-01

    homogeneous quadratic functions; 57. On the focal lines of a refracted pencil; 58. An Essay on the mathematical principles of physics. By Rev. James Challis. (Review); 59. On Loschmidt's experiments on diffusion in relation to the kinetic theory of gases; 60. On the final state of a system of molecules in motion subject to forces of any kind; 61. Faraday; 62. Molecules (a lecture); 63. On double refraction in a viscous fluid in motion; 64. On Hamilton's characteristic function for a narrow beam of light; 65. On the relation of geometrical optics to other parts of mathematics and physics; 66. Plateau on soap-bubbles (Review); 67. Grove's Correlation of physical forces (Review); 68. On the application of Kirchhoff's rules for electric circuits to the solution of a geometric problem; 69. Van der Waals on the continuity of the gaseous and liquid states; 70. On the centre of motion of the eye; 71. On the dynamical evidence of the molecular constitution of bodies (a lecture); 72. On the application of Hamilton's characteristic function to the theory of an optical instrument symmetrical about its axis; 73. Atom; 74. Attraction; 75. On Bow's method of drawing diagrams in graphical statics with illustrations from Peaucellier's Linkage; 76. On the equilibrium of heterogeneous substances; 77. Diffusion of gases through absorbing substances; 78. General considerations concerning scientific apparatus; 79. Instruments connected with fluids; 80. Whewell's Writing and correspondence (Review); 81. On Ohm's Law; 82. On the protection of buildings from lightning; 83. Capillary action; 84. Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand Helmholtz; 85. On a paradox in the theory of attraction; 86. On approximate multiple integration between limits by summation; 87. On the unpublished electrical papers of the Hon. Henry Cavendish; 88. Constitution of bodies; 89. Diffusion; 90. Diagrams; 91. Tait's Thermo

  18. Synthesis of buoyant metal-coated fly ash cenosphere and its excellent catalytic performance in dye degradation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Zhai, Jianping; Li, Qin

    2015-04-15

    In this work, Ag(+) and Ag(0) were absorbed onto the surface of 3-mercaptopropyltriethoxysilane modified fly ash cenospheres (FACs) in two Ag activation processes. The activation methods, avoiding traditional surface sensitization by SnCl2, successfully initiated electroless copper particles deposition for the preparation of buoyant Cu-FAC and CuAg-FAC composites. The CuAg-FAC had a much more uniform morphology than the Cu-FAC. The catalytic performance of the Cu-FAC and CuAg-FAC was examined by the reduction of Orange IV azo dye with the presence of NaBH4. 98.4% of Orange IV was rapidly reduced within 25 min by the CuAg-FAC, whereas 76.4% of Orange IV was removed by the Cu-FAC. The results reveal that the degradation processes matched well with the pseudo-first-order kinetics model, and rate constants of 0.057 and 0.186 min(-1) were obtained for the Cu-FAC and CuAg-FAC, respectively. Moreover, two other dyes of Orange II and Reactive Black 5 were also efficiently reduced by the CuAg-FAC which could be easily recycled and stably reused at least four times. These buoyant metal-coated FAC composites would be very useful in various catalytic reductions. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Mejores prácticas en gestión de proveedores a nivel mundial, aplicables al sistema de Administración de la Relación con el Proveedor (ARP de la Jefatura de Operaciones Logísticas (JOL de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (FAC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Italo Arrazola Aguado

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Dentro de la administración de la cadena de abastecimiento ó Supply Chain Management (SCM, se destaca la gestión de proveedores como una de las actividades más críticas para su establecimiento efectivo. Por lo anterior, el presente artículo busca aproximarse al estado del arte en gestión de proveedores, utilizando como referencia revistas internacionales especializadas en el tema, ofreciendo así una base de referencia en futuras investigaciones relacionadas. En este sentido, se propone un conjunto de alternativas para estructurar un procedimiento general, que permita la adecuada toma de decisiones en cuanto a los proveedores tanto en la Jefatura de Operaciones Logísticas de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana, como en cualquier organización con el ajuste apropiado.

  20. Mejores prácticas en gestión de proveedores a nivel mundial, aplicables al sistema de Administración de la Relación con el Proveedor (ARP) de la Jefatura de Operaciones Logísticas (JOL) de la Fuerza Aérea Colombiana (FAC)

    OpenAIRE

    Italo Arrazola Aguado

    2014-01-01

    Dentro de la administración de la cadena de abastecimiento ó Supply Chain Management (SCM), se destaca la gestión de proveedores como una de las actividades más críticas para su establecimiento efectivo. Por lo anterior, el presente artículo busca aproximarse al estado del arte en gestión de proveedores, utilizando como referencia revistas internacionales especializadas en el tema, ofreciendo así una base de referencia en futuras investigaciones relacionadas. En este sentido, se propone un co...

  1. Crystal structure of bromido-fac-tricarbon-yl[5-(3,4,5-tri-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole-κ2N2,N3]rhenium(I) methanol monosolvate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kharlova, Marharyta I; Piletska, Kseniia O; Domasevitch, Kostiantyn V; Shtemenko, Alexander V

    2017-04-01

    In the title compound, [ReBr(C16H16N4O3)(CO)3]·CH3OH, the ReI atom adopts a distorted octa-hedral coordination sphere with a facial arrangement of the three carbonyl ligands. Two N atoms of the chelating 5-(3,4,5-tri-meth-oxy-phen-yl)-3-(pyridin-2-yl)-1H-1,2,4-triazole ligand and two carbonyl ligands define the equatorial plane of the complex, with the third carbonyl ligand and the bromide ligand in axial positions. Conventional hydrogen bonds including the methanol solvent mol-ecules assemble the complex mol-ecules through mutual N-H⋯O-H⋯Br links [N⋯O = 2.703 (3) Å and O⋯Br = 3.255 (2) Å] into centrosymmetric dimers, whereas weaker C-H⋯O and C-H⋯Br hydrogen bonds [C⋯O = 3.215 (3)-3.390 (4) Å and C⋯Br = 3.927 (3) Å] connect the dimers into double layers parallel to the (111) plane.

  2. Evaluation of a 30-gene paclitaxel, fluorouracil, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy response predictor in a multicenter randomized trial in breast cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabchy, Adel; Valero, Vicente; Vidaurre, Tatiana; Lluch, Ana; Gomez, Henry; Martin, Miguel; Qi, Yuan; Barajas-Figueroa, Luis Javier; Souchon, Eduardo; Coutant, Charles; Doimi, Franco D; Ibrahim, Nuhad K; Gong, Yun; Hortobagyi, Gabriel N; Hess, Kenneth R; Symmans, W Fraser; Pusztai, Lajos

    2010-01-01

    Purpose We examined in a prospective, randomized, international clinical trial the performance of a previously defined 30-gene predictor (DLDA-30) of pathologic complete response (pCR) to preoperative weekly paclitaxel and fluorouracil, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide (T/FAC) chemotherapy, and assessed if DLDA-30 also predicts increased sensitivity to FAC-only chemotherapy. We compared the pCR rates after T/FAC versus FAC×6 preoperative chemotherapy. We also performed an exploratory analysis to identify novel candidate genes that differentially predict response in the two treatment arms. Experimental Design 273 patients were randomly assigned to receive either weekly paclitaxel × 12 followed by FAC × 4 (T/FAC, n=138), or FAC × 6 (n=135) neoadjuvant chemotherapy. All patients underwent a pretreatment FNA biopsy of the tumor for gene expression profiling and treatment response prediction. Results The pCR rates were 19% and 9% in the T/FAC and FAC arms, respectively (pcancers. PMID:20829329

  3. 76 FR 72197 - Before Commissioners: Jon Wellinghoff, Chairman; Philip D. Moeller, John R. Norris, and Cheryl A...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ..., Connections, and Maintenance (FAC) Reliability Standard FAC-013-2--Assessment of Transfer Capability for the.... Subsequently, as part of its submission of revised Modeling, Data, and Analysis (MOD) Reliability Standards... FAC-013-2 with respect to the planning horizon, as ERCOT's reliability planning analyses are performed...

  4. Estudio histopatológico e inmunohistoquímico de la infección clamiadial en modelo Murino / Mª Carmen Martínez Navarro, [bajo la dirección de Joaquín Sánchez campillo].

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Navarro, María del Carmen; Sánchez Campillo, Joaquín

    1997-01-01

    Tesis-Universidad de Murcia. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B TESIS 74. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B Tesis 118. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Sala de estudio. Tesis-V 93.

  5. SASOP Biological Psychiatry Congress 2013 Abstracts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E Allers

    2013-08-01

    for monitoring of breast cancer patients at risk of physical and psychological complications K Grant, F J Cronje, K Botha, J P Apffelstaedt, M J Kotze 19. Unipolar mania reconsidered: Evidence from a South African study C Grobler 20. Antipsychotic-induced movement disorders: Occurence and management P Haddad 21. The place of observational studies in assessing the effectiveness of long-acting injectable antipsychotics P Haddad 22. Molecular mechanisms of d-cycloserine in fear extinction: Insights from RNS sequencing S Hemmings, S Malan-Muller, L Fairbairn, M Jalali, E J Oakeley, J Gamieldien, M Kidd, S Seedat 23. Schizophrenia: The role of inflammation DC Henderson 24. Addictions: Emergent trends and innovations V Hitzeroth 25. The socio-cultural-religious context of biological psychiatric practice B Janse van Rensburg 26. Biochemical markers for identifying risk factors for disability progression in multiple sclerosis S Janse van Rensburg, M J Kotze, F J Cronje, W Davis, K Moremi, M Jalali Sefid Dashti, J Gamieldien, D Geiger, M Rensburg, R van Toorn, M J de Klerk, G M Hon, T Matsha, S Hassan, R T Erasmus 27. Alcohol-induced psychotic disorder: Brain perfusion and psychopathology - before and after antipsychotic treatment G Jordaan, J M Warwick, D G Nel, R Hewlett, R Emsley 28.'Pump and dump': Harm reduction strategies for breastfeeding while using substances L Kramer 29. Adolescent neuropsychiatry - an emerging field in South African adolescent psychiatric services A Lachman 30. Recovery versus remission, or what it means to be healthy for a psychiatric patient? B Latecki 31. Holistic methods utilised to normalise behaviours in youth diagnosed with neuro-biochemical disorders P Macqueen 32. Candidate genes and novel polymorphisms for anxiety disorder in a South African cohort N McGregor, J Dimatelis, S M J Hemmings, C J Kinnear, D Stein, V Russel, C Lochner 33. Higher visual functioning A Moodley 34. The effects of prenatal methylmercury exposure on trace element and

  6. Psychopharmacology 2003 Conference, 10-13 September 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana P Morrison

    2003-09-01

    correlates with altered Neurotransmitter function in maternally separated Rats W M U Daniels, C Y Pietersen, M E Carstens, D J Stein 42. A mechanism for Zinc Toxicity in NeuroBlastoma Cells W M U Daniels, J Hendricks, R Salie, S J Van Rensburg 43. The effects of Hypericum Perforatum, Quercetin and Fluoxetine on receptor densities in the rat brain L Heideman and S Daya 44. Trichotillomania and obsessive-compulsive disorder: Clinical and genetic comparisons withn a South African population S M J Hemmings, C J Kinnear, C Lochner, H Moolman-Smook, D J H Niehaus, V Corfield, D J Stein 45. Expression of Nogo-A in the amphibian central nervous system N. J. Hsu, R Jarvis, D. M. Lang 46. Biochemical model for inflammation of the brain: The role of iron, transferring and Toxiferring in Lipid Peroxidation S J Van Rensburg, R T Erasmus, J M van Zyl, D Hon, W M U Daniels, F C V Potocnik, M J Kotze, N J De Villiers, P R Hurly 47. Improvement in Alzheimer's Disease patients with antioxidant supplementation over 15 months S J van Rensburg, F C V Potocnik, J M Van Zyl, B J Van der Walt, D Hon, A Roos, E Rienhardt, R T Erasmus 48. The Placebo effect - Is it all in the mind? S J van Rensburg, R A  Emsley, C M Smuts, M Kidd, S Van der Merwe, C C Myburgh, P Oosthuizen, H Bleeker 49. Very low serum Iron concentrations in elderly patients with active Carcinoma S J van Rensburg, R Erasmus, D Hon, C Bouwens 50. Melatonin affords protection against Rotenone-induced Neurotoxicity R John, S Daya 51. Effect of enriched environment on Ca uptake via NMDA Receptors into barrel Cortex slices of spontaneously Hypertensive rats M Lehohla, V Russell, L Kellaway 52. Effects of Methylpenidate in a rat model for Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder G. L. S. Lelaka, V. A. Russel, L. A. Kellaway 53. 6-Hydroxymelatonin converts Fe (III to Fe (II and reduces iron-induced Lipid Peroxidation D S Maharaj, S Daya 54. Metrofinate Potentiates Quinolinic Acid and Potassium Cyanide induced Neurotoxicity A Ramsunder, S

  7. Synthesis of fly-ash cenospheres coated with polypyrrole using a layer-by-layer method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qin; Wang, Bing; Li, Chuang; Pang, Jianfeng; Zhai, Jianping

    2011-11-01

    Uniform polypyrrole (PPy) films, of controlled thickness, were successfully synthesized and immobilized on polyelectrolyte (PE) multilayer-assembled fly-ash cenospheres (FACs) using a simple and versatile method. In this approach, FACs were assembled with multilayers of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) and poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate) (PSS) using a layer-by-layer self-assembly procedure. The FACs were used as templates for the subsequent deposition of PPy. The deposition behaviours of PEs on the surfaces of the FACs were examined, and the results could be fitted to a first-order exponential decay model at pH 6. The surfaces of the PE-deposited FACs (FAC-(PDDA-PSS)n, n is the number of PE layers) became more homogeneous as n increased. Their properties were determined mainly by the PE, not by the FAC itself, after n = 4. PPy-coated FACs with PE precursor layers [(PPy/FAC-(PDDA-PSS)n] had different morphologies for different numbers of PE layers. The PPy loading amount on the FACs and the conductivities of the composites reached plateaus after the PE layer deposition number exceeded six.

  8. A Comprehensive Analysis of Multiscale Field-Aligned Currents: Characteristics, Controlling Parameters, and Relationships

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGranaghan, Ryan M.; Mannucci, Anthony J.; Forsyth, Colin

    2017-12-01

    We explore the characteristics, controlling parameters, and relationships of multiscale field-aligned currents (FACs) using a rigorous, comprehensive, and cross-platform analysis. Our unique approach combines FAC data from the Swarm satellites and the Advanced Magnetosphere and Planetary Electrodynamics Response Experiment (AMPERE) to create a database of small-scale (˜10-150 km, 250 km) FACs. We examine these data for the repeatable behavior of FACs across scales (i.e., the characteristics), the dependence on the interplanetary magnetic field orientation, and the degree to which each scale "departs" from nominal large-scale specification. We retrieve new information by utilizing magnetic latitude and local time dependence, correlation analyses, and quantification of the departure of smaller from larger scales. We find that (1) FACs characteristics and dependence on controlling parameters do not map between scales in a straight forward manner, (2) relationships between FAC scales exhibit local time dependence, and (3) the dayside high-latitude region is characterized by remarkably distinct FAC behavior when analyzed at different scales, and the locations of distinction correspond to "anomalous" ionosphere-thermosphere behavior. Comparing with nominal large-scale FACs, we find that differences are characterized by a horseshoe shape, maximizing across dayside local times, and that difference magnitudes increase when smaller-scale observed FACs are considered. We suggest that both new physics and increased resolution of models are required to address the multiscale complexities. We include a summary table of our findings to provide a quick reference for differences between multiscale FACs.

  9. BiOBr/BiOI Photocatalyst Based on Fly Ash Cenospheres with Improved Photocatalytic Performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Li; Huang, Manhong; Chen, Donghui

    2016-05-19

    A series of BiOBr/BiOI photocatalysts supported on fly-ash cenospheres (FACs) were successfully prepared via a facile one-pot alcoholysis method. The as-prepared samples were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) and UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS). The results indicate that pH value plays a critical role in BiOBr/BiOI loading. Based on the photodegradation tests under visible light irradiation (blue LED irradiation), the photocatalytic property of BiOBr/BiOI/FACs photocatalysts obtained under alkaline conditions is superior to that prepared under neutral or acidic conditions, and higher than those of BiOB/FACs and BiOI//FACs. The improved photocatalytic performance of BiOBr/BiOI/FACs can be attributed to more BiOBr/BiOI loaded on the surface of FACs and the efficient photogenerated electron-hole separation.

  10. Future Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneği ATUD

    2005-12-01

    .casey@rcpath.org Advances in Microscopical Imaging - Applications in Forensics Meeting 17 October 2006, United Kingdom Further information : Cranfield University, Shrivenham, Wiltshire. Allison Winton, Exhibitions Manager at Royal Microscopical Society Email: allison@rms.org Tel: 01865 254764, RMS Office: 01865 254760 Improving Emergency Response, Emergency Services Show and Conference 2006 19-\t20 October 2006, United Kingdom Further information : Royal Horticultural Halls, London The 32nd Annual Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists 1-4 November 2006, Further information : Tarrytown DoubleTree Hotel in Westchester County, NY. Elayne Schwartz ess6@westchestergov.com Mediterranean Academy of Forensic Sciences “Developments in Forensic Sciences” 20-\t23 Sept 2006, Malta Further information : Suncrest Hotel Malta, Mrs. Marisa Cassar B.Pharm (Hons mafsworkshop@yahoo.co.uk EAFS 2006 4. Europen Academic of Forensic Science Conference June 13-16, Helsinki Further information : National Bureau of Investigation, Crime Laboratory Dr Erkki Sippola Mrs Oili Ruuskanen Phone +358 9 8388 661 Fax +358 9 8388 6447 E-mail erkki.sippola@krp.poliisi.fi oili.ruuskanen@krp.poliisi.fi VII. Adli Bilimler Kongresi 11-14 Mayıs, Konya Rixos Otel-Konya İletişim: Uzm.Dr. K.Hakan Doğan Selçuk Üniversitesi Meram Tıp Fakültesi Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalı, 42080, Meram/KONYA Tel: (0 332 223 73 29-223 67 52-223 66 51 Gsm: 0505 447 08 83-0542 232 92 81-0536 487 31 47 Faks: 0 332 223 61 81 (Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalı Dikkatine E-posta: doktor2000@e-kolay.net Web: www.atud.org 42. Ulusal Psikiyatri Kongresi 01-05 Kasım 2006, İstanbul “Yaşam Boyu Psikiyatri: Araştırmadan Uygulamaya” İletişim: Hilton Convention Center,İstanbul http:/ / www.psikiyatriistanbul2006.org 6. Cinsellik Ve Cinsel Tedaviler Ulusal Kongresi 24-26 Kasım 2006, İstanbul İstanbul Ceylan Inter-Continental İletişim: Doğan Şahin e-mail: sahind@istanbul.edu.tr dsahin60@tnn.net web: www.cetad.org.tr 3. Ulusal Ba

  11. Bilimsel Toplantı Duyuruları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adli Tıp Uzmanları Derneği ATUD

    2005-12-01

    .casey@rcpath.org Advances in Microscopical Imaging - Applications in Forensics Meeting 17 October 2006, United Kingdom Further information : Cranfield University, Shrivenham, Wiltshire. Allison Winton, Exhibitions Manager at Royal Microscopical Society Email: allison@rms.org Tel: 01865 254764, RMS Office: 01865 254760 Improving Emergency Response, Emergency Services Show and Conference 2006 19-\t20 October 2006, United Kingdom Further information : Royal Horticultural Halls, London The 32nd Annual Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists 1-4 November 2006, Further information : Tarrytown DoubleTree Hotel in Westchester County, NY. Elayne Schwartz ess6@westchestergov.com Mediterranean Academy of Forensic Sciences “Developments in Forensic Sciences” 20-\t23 Sept 2006, Malta Further information : Suncrest Hotel Malta, Mrs. Marisa Cassar B.Pharm (Hons mafsworkshop@yahoo.co.uk EAFS 2006 4. Europen Academic of Forensic Science Conference June 13-16, Helsinki Further information : National Bureau of Investigation, Crime Laboratory Dr Erkki Sippola Mrs Oili Ruuskanen Phone +358 9 8388 661 Fax +358 9 8388 6447 E-mail erkki.sippola@krp.poliisi.fi oili.ruuskanen@krp.poliisi.fi VII. Adli Bilimler Kongresi 11-14 Mayıs, Konya Rixos Otel-Konya İletişim: Uzm.Dr. K.Hakan Doğan Selçuk Üniversitesi Meram Tıp Fakültesi Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalı, 42080, Meram/KONYA Tel: (0 332 223 73 29-223 67 52-223 66 51 Gsm: 0505 447 08 83-0542 232 92 81-0536 487 31 47 Faks: 0 332 223 61 81 (Adli Tıp Anabilim Dalı Dikkatine E-posta: doktor2000@e-kolay.net Web: www.atud.org 42. Ulusal Psikiyatri Kongresi 01-05 Kasım 2006, İstanbul “Yaşam Boyu Psikiyatri: Araştırmadan Uygulamaya” İletişim: Hilton Convention Center,İstanbul http:/ / www.psikiyatriistanbul2006.org 6. Cinsellik Ve Cinsel Tedaviler Ulusal Kongresi 24-26 Kasım 2006, İstanbul İstanbul Ceylan Inter-Continental İletişim: Doğan Şahin e-mail: sahind@istanbul.edu.tr dsahin60@tnn.net web: www.cetad.org.tr 3. Ulusal Ba

  12. Baseline assessments for coral reef community structure and demographics on West Maui

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas-Angel, Bernardo; White, Darla; Storlazzi, Curt; Callender, Tova; Maurin, Paulo

    2017-01-01

    and sediment loading conditions, the coral-rich habitats in the Wahikuli and Honōkowai Watersheds are probably at greatest risk, given they harbor the most prominent and well-developed reefs in the region, characterized by the highest coral cover, colony densities, and structural complexity.

  13. Wetlands Research Program. Corps of Engineers Wetlands Delineation Manual. Appendix C. Sections 1 and 2. Region 2 - Southeast.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-01-01

    Common sneezeweed FACW H. revi ’ OiU7 (Nutt.) Wood Shortleaf sneezeweed O8L c-ar’reatre Snail Sneezeweed FAG dr’errondii H. Rock Fringed sneezeweed OBL *i...Aea~euca quinquenervia (Cay.) Blake Punk tree FAC ’-.ean thera anqustifoZia A. Rich. Melanthera FACW- lc.eZ-rtP-w’m virginic’ze L. Common bunchf...FAC :,. thomasii Sarg. Rock elm FAC "rechites lzutea (L.) Britton Rubber-vine OBL Urtica dic’ica L. Slimsting nettle FAC+ "tricularia =’ethystina Salzm

  14. Synthesis of fly ash cenosphere/polyaniline and mullite/polyaniline core-shell composites

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Wei; Li, Qin; Wang, Bing; Xu, Xiao-Tian [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, and School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046 (China); Zhai, Jian-Ping, E-mail: jpzhai@nju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, and School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046 (China)

    2012-08-15

    The fly ash cenospheres (FACs) were pretreated with {gamma}-aminopropyltriethoxy silane (APS), and the outward amino groups are favorable to the following in situ growth of polyaniline as a conducting polymer layer on the surfaces of FACs to form FAC/polyaniline core-shell structural composites. Mullite/polyaniline composites were also fabricated by further converting the FACs to mullite. The as-prepared samples were characterized by zeta potential measurements, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, as well as thermogravimetric analyses. The results of this study indicate that FACs can be successfully modified by APS, and that due to the action of APS, uniform and continuous polymer layer in the FAC/polyaniline composites was obtained under the given in situ polymerization condition. After dipping in 2.0% HF solution for 1h, the FAC cores changed into porous mullite so as to prepare mullite/polyaniline composites. -- Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Silane agent is used for effective adhesion between fly ash cenospheres and polyaniline. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The FAC/polyaniline core-shell composite is fabricated. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer The mullite/polyaniline composites with a porous core structure is also prepared. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Dipping in 2.0% HF solution for 1h, the FAC cores changed into porous mullite.

  15. Field-aligned currents' scale analysis performed with the Swarm constellation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lühr, Hermann; Park, Jaeheung; Gjerløv, Jesper Wittendorff

    2015-01-01

    We present a statistical study of the temporal- and spatial-scale characteristics of different field-aligned current (FAC) types derived with the Swarm satellite formation. We divide FACs into two classes: small-scale, up to some 10 km, which are carried predominantly by kinetic Alfve´n waves......-scale FACs can be regarded stationary for more than 60 s. For the first time we investigate the longitudinal scales. Large-scale FACs are different on dayside and nightside. On the nightside the longitudinal extension is on average 4 times the latitudinal width, while on the dayside, particularly in the cusp...... region, latitudinal and longitudinal scales are comparable....

  16. Targeted Approaches to Overcoming Endocrine Resistance in Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-01

    by flow cytometry using BD-FACS Canto . Cells were fixed in 70% ethanol, stained for 30min with 20mg/ml propi- dium iodide (PI, Molecular Probe...and counting. Apoptosis was monitored based on DNA content by flow cytometry using BD-FACS Canto . Cells were fixed in 70% ethanol, stained for 30

  17. Effects of smoking on fatty acids composition of croaker ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The smoked croakers were packed in polythene bags and transported to Matis Research Laboratory, Iceland for analysis. The FAC were 91.44% of lipid and 91.51% of lipid for fresh and smoked croakers respectively. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the FAC as a result of smoking. However, the saturated fatty ...

  18. Estudio de Clamydia psittaci mediante inmunomicroscopía electrónica / Antonio J. Buendía Marín ; director Jesús Salinas Lorente, Joaquín Sánchez Campillo.

    OpenAIRE

    Buendía Marín, Antonio Julian

    1998-01-01

    Tesis-Universidad de Murcia. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. T.M.-1679. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B TESIS 80. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Sala de estudio. Tesis-V 110.

  19. A modified method to determine biomass concentration as COD in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    drinie

    2002-10-04

    Oct 4, 2002 ... 1Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Criotecnología de Alimentos (CIDCA) CONICET - Fac. Ciencias Exactas. 2Fac. de Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, 47 y ... linear extent, metabolic rates, light scattering, cell or organelle count (Pirt, 1975). However, the simplicity of the VSS technique.

  20. 75 FR 53127 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Federal Acquisition Circular 2005-45; Introduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-30

    ... this FAC. The FAC, including the SECG, is available via the Internet at http://www.regulations.gov... Federal Acquisition Regulation; Final Rules #0;#0;Federal Register / Vol. 75 , No. 167 / Monday, August 30, 2010 / Rules and Regulations#0;#0; ] DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL...

  1. Extension Agent Knowledge and Programming Behaviors Regarding Healthy Lifestyles Education in Georgia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Dana R.; Fuhrman, Nicholas E.; Duncan, Dennis W.; Hanula, Gail M.

    2015-01-01

    Healthy lifestyles education (HLE) is defined as nutrition and physical activity education aimed at controlling or preventing serious health issues. The purpose of the study reported here was to determine knowledge and behaviors of Extension Family and Consumer Sciences (FACS) and 4-H agents concerning HLE. Eighty-five and 86% of FACS and 4-H…

  2. Who’s their Daddy? The Marine Corps Unmanned Community Lacks a Dedicated Senior Organizational Advocate Who can Best Shape a Long Term Vision to Support the Future MAGTF

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-03

    inverse of the WWII statistic (See Appendix C). Weaponized UAS, capable of provi 1 ding a majority of the ISR flight hours and a portion of the...experience as a FAC(A), TAC(A), previous Forward Aii ’ Controlle!’ (FAC). 2 In the Marine Corps each infantry battalion has three winged aviators assigned

  3. Modeling the Connection of the Global Ionospheric Electric Fields to the Solar Winds

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rothwell, Paul L; Jasperse, John R

    2006-01-01

    .... In this way, the transpolar potential and the associated FAC are the same in both models. A distribution of region-1 FAC in the N-C model predicts a two-cell convection pallem which is in reasonable agreement with plasma drifts measured by DMSP...

  4. Analysis of the United States Defense and Civilian Contracting Workforce’s Training on Procurement Fraud, Waste and Abuse

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Federal Acquisition Institute. (2013a). FAC-C certification requirements. Retrieved from http://www.fai.gov/ drupal /certification/fac-c-certification...www.fai.gov/ drupal /sites/default/files/pdfs/FY%202011%20Annual%20Re port%20on%20the%20Federal%20Acquisition%20Workforce.pdf. Federal Acquisition

  5. Characterization of hexadecyltrimethylammonium-organoclay and ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas), A4408FVY Salta, Argentina; Fac. Ingeniería, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina; Fac. Cs. Exactas, Universidad Nacional de Salta, A4408FVY Salta, Argentina ...

  6. 78 FR 38851 - Electric Reliability Organization Proposal To Retire Requirements in Reliability Standards

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... R5--Facility Ratings FAC-010-2.1, Requirement R5--System Operating Limits Methodology for the Planning Horizon FAC-011-2.1, Requirement R5--System Operating Limits Methodology for the Operations... more effective controls of electronic access at all electronic access points into the ESP.'' \\43\\ \\43...

  7. Estimation of Specific Surface Area using Langmuir Isotherm ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael Horsfall

    ABSTRACT: A comparison of four widely used linear equations of the Langmuir types of isotherm (The. Langmuir Type 1, 2, 3 and 4 ) were examined in an experiment using dye sorption onto derived acid and salt treated Fish Activated Carbon (H3PO4-FAC and ZnCl2-FAC respectively). Isotherm parameters obtained.

  8. Experiment list: SRX1131949 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pre-PB || cell sorting strategy=CD138–GFP+CD22- FACS-sorted || chip antibody=H3K2.../6 || genotype/background=Blimp1(GFP/+) || cell preparation=4-day LPS stimulation, FACS sorted || cell type=

  9. A Regional Guidebook for Applying the Hydrogeomorphic Approach to Assessing the Functions of Tidal Fringe Wetlands Along the Mississippi and Alabama Gulf Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-04-01

    Eleocharis spp Ipomoea sagittata Pontederia cordata Sagittaria spp. Spartina patens...X X OBL Polygonaceae Polygonum setaceum Bog smartweed X X FACW Pontederiaceae Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed X...Marshes1 Scientific Name Common Name Wetland Indicator Status Ampelopsis arborea Peppervine FAC+ Ampelopsis cordata Heart-leaf peppervine FAC

  10. Fort George G. Meade Active Sanitary Landfill and Clean Fill Dump, Remedial Investigation Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-12-01

    pseudoacacia Black locust FACU SHRUBS Castanea dentata American chestnut UP* Clethra alnifolia Pepperbush FAC Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush blueberry FACW...Hydrophytic Status~a) SHRUBS (Cant.) Rubus occidentalis - Blackberry UP* Sambucus canadensis American elder FACW Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush...chestnut UP* Clethra alnifolia Pepperbush FAC Rubus flaxellaris Dewberry UP* Vaccinium corymbosum Highbush blueberry FACW VINES Lonicera iaponica Japanese

  11. Estudio multifactorial de la úlcera gastroesofágica porcina, aspectos genéticos, nutricionales, de manejo y sanitarios / dirección Serafín Gómez Cabrera.

    OpenAIRE

    Ramis Vidal, Manuel Guillermo

    2002-01-01

    Tesis-Universidad de Murcia. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. ARCHIVO UNIVERSITARIO. T.M. 2448. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Departamentos. E002B TESIS 99. Consulte la tesis en: BCA. GENERAL. Fac. Veterinaria. Sala de estudio. Tesis-V 186.

  12. Hydrometeor Parameters Determined from the Radar Data of the SAMS Rain Erosion Program. AFCRL/SAMS Report No. 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-06-04

    Physical investigations on the growth of snow crvstala, ,1, Fac. Sei., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. H, 5, 87 �). 56, Hosier, C. L. , and Hallgren , R...growth of snow crystals. J. Fac.Sci., Hokkaido Univ., Ser. II. 5, 87 (265). " 56. Hosier, C. L., and Hallgren . R. E. (1961) Ice crystal aggregation

  13. Flow Accelerated Corrosion: Effect of Water Chemistry and Database Construction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Eun Hee; Kim, Kyung Mo; Lee, Gyeong Geun; Kim, Dong Jin [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    Flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel piping in pressurized water reactors (PWRs) has been a major issue in nuclear industry. Severe accidents at Surry Unit 2 in 1986 and Mihama Unit 3 in 2004 initiated the world wide interest in this area. FAC is a dissolution process of the protective oxide layer on carbon steel or low-alloy steel when these parts are exposed to flowing water (single-phase) or wet steam (two-phase). In a single-phase flow, a scalloped, wavy, or orange peel and in a two-phase flow, tiger striping is observed, respectively. FAC is affected by many parameters, like material composition, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), flow velocity, system pressure, and steam quality. This paper describes the water chemistry factors influencing on FAC and the database is then constructed using literature data. In order to minimize FAC in NPPs, the optimal method is to control water chemistry parameters. However, quantitative data about FAC have not been published for proprietary reason even though qualitative behaviors of FAC have been well understood. A database was constructed using experimental data in literature. Accurate statistical analysis will be performed using this database to identify the relationship between the FAC rate and test environment.

  14. Analysis of Wall-Thinning Effects Caused by Power Uprates in the Secondary System of a Nuclear Power Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Hun; Hwang, Kyeongmo; Lee, Hyoseoung [KEPCO E and C, Gimcheon (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Seung-Jae [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-06-15

    Piping and equipment are degraded by flow-accelerated corrosion (FAC) in nuclear power plants. FAC causes numerous problems and nuclear utilities maintain programs to control FAC. The key parameters influencing FAC are hydrodynamic conditions, water chemistry, and effect of materials. Recently, a nuclear utility has planned slight power uprates in Korea. Operating conditions need to be changed in the secondary system according to power uprates. This study analyzed the effect of wall-thinning caused by power uprates. The change of operation data in the secondary cycle is reviewed, and wall-thinning rates are analyzed in the main lines. As a result, two phase (mixture of water and steam) lines have a greater impact than a water line under power uprate conditions. Also, the quality of steam is the most important factor for FAC in two phase lines.

  15. A High-resolution Model of Field-aligned Currents Through Empirical Orthogonal Functions Analysis (MFACE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Maosheng; Vogt, Joachim; Luehr, Hermann; Sorbalo, Eugen; Blagau, Adrian; Le, Guan; Lu, Gang

    2012-01-01

    Ten years of CHAMP magnetic field measurements are integrated into MFACE, a model of field-aligned currents (FACs) using empirical orthogonal functions (EOFs). EOF1 gives the basic Region-1/Region-2 pattern varying mainly with the interplanetary magnetic field Bz component. EOF2 captures separately the cusp current signature and By-related variability. Compared to existing models, MFACE yields significantly better spatial resolution, reproduces typically observed FAC thickness and intensity, improves on the magnetic local time (MLT) distribution, and gives the seasonal dependence of FAC latitudes and the NBZ current signature. MFACE further reveals systematic dependences on By, including 1) Region-1/Region-2 topology modifications around noon; 2) imbalance between upward and downward maximum current density; 3) MLT location of the Harang discontinuity. Furthermore, our procedure allows quantifying response times of FACs to solar wind driving at the bow shock nose: we obtain 20 minutes and 35-40 minutes lags for the FAC density and latitude, respectively.

  16. Free Active Chlorine in Sodium Hypochlorite Solutions Admixed with Octenidine, SmearOFF, Chlorhexidine, and EDTA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnan, Unni; Saji, Sreeja; Clarkson, Roger; Lalloo, Ratilal; Moule, Alex J

    2017-08-01

    The therapeutic effects of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) solutions are dependent on the levels of free available chlorine (FAC). Mixing these solutions with irrigants can result in significant reductions in FAC. Although the effect of some irrigants on FAC is known, the effect of other commonly used irrigants is not. Thus, the therapeutic ramifications of the concurrent use of these on the efficiency of NaOCl solutions is not known. Aliquots of 5.2% (w/v) NaOCl solutions were admixed in proportions of 90:10, 80:20, and 50:50 with the following irrigants: octenidine dihydrochloride (OCT); SmearOFF (Vista Dental Products, Racine, WI), 17% EDTA; and 0.2%, 2%, and 5% chlorhexidine (CHX) solutions. Changes in FAC were measured by iodometric titration. Statistical differences between means were determined using a post hoc Tukey analysis test after an analysis of variance. OCT appeared not to affect FAC and was significantly different than all other irrigants, except for 90:10 and 80:20 mixtures of low concentration (0.2%) CHX. CHX solutions showed a marked concentration- and mixture proportion-dependent detrimental effect on FAC. The reduction of FAC between different concentrations of CHX was statistically significant in 80:20 and 50:50 proportions, with 50:50 mixtures of 5% CHX having the greatest influence. Mixtures containing even small proportions of SmearOFF or EDTA exhibited significant losses in FAC. OCT has little effect on FAC and can be used concurrently with NaOCl solutions. Higher concentrations of CHX significantly affect FAC. Their combined use with NaOCl solutions should be avoided. EDTA and SmearOFF should not be mixed with NaOCl solutions. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Endodontists. All rights reserved.

  17. An evaluation of the accuracy of labeling of percent sodium hypochlorite on various commercial and professional sources: is sodium hypochlorite from these sources equally suitable for endodontic irrigation?

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Waal, Suzette V; van Dusseldorp, Nilai E; de Soet, Johannes J

    2014-12-01

    The shelf life of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is limited, and a previous article showed that there can be a discrepancy between the expected concentration of free available chlorine (FAC) and the actual FAC concentration in NaOCl solutions intended for endodontic irrigation. The current study investigates the FAC content of domestic and professional NaOCls and evaluates the influences of dilution and storage on FAC concentration. First, domestic and professional NaOCls not obtained from manufacturers were iodometrically titrated. Then, NaOCls were diluted with demineralized water or tap water and stored at 4°C or 18°C and analyzed at baseline and 2 and 22 weeks. Statistical analyses included paired samples, independent samples t tests and repeated multivariate analysis of variance. Correlations were calculated with the Pearson or Spearman rank correlation test. A P < .05 was considered significant. Label specifications of domestic NaOCl were very imprecise (ie, <5% NaOCl). Domestic NaOCl contained 1.8%-3.5% NaOCl (w/v). Professional NaOCl varied from 14.3% relative less FAC than specified on the label to 23.5% relative more FAC than specified. After 22 weeks, the relative average loss of FAC in all conditions was 5.4% FAC (P = .002). Dilution, diluents, or storage temperature had no effect on the decline of FAC caused by aging. There is a great variation in NaOCl concentrations, with domestic NaOCl being the least accurate. NaOCl can be stored up to 5 months. The FAC concentration of domestic NaOCl is unpredictable, and, therefore, it appears less suitable for clinical application as root canal irrigant. Copyright © 2014 American Association of Endodontists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Effects and mechanism of flavonoids from Astragalus complanatus on breast cancer growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Jinhai; Zhang, Hui; Zhu, Zhengzhi; Zhang, Qiong; Ma, Xiaokai; Cui, Zhen; Yao, Tingjing

    2015-09-01

    Flavonoids from Astragalus complanatus R.Br (FAC) had anticancer effects on many tumor cells. The current study was performed to evaluate the effects of FAC on human breast cell proliferation, apoptosis, and metastasis, as well as their active mechanism. Cell viability and growth were detected using the cell counting kit (CCK)-8 assay in vitro. Assay of FAC on induced breast cancer mortality was counted as survival time of nude mice after breast cell line inoculation. The effect of FAC on cell invasion was investigated by an optimization assay that contains a 96-well Boyden chamber with wells precoated with BME at three different concentrations. The mechanism of its action on apoptosis and metastasis was determined by related gene detection. Proliferation of three breast cell lines was inhibited with FAC treatment in a dose-dependent manner. Survival time of nude mice with breast cancer cell inoculation also was prolonged with increasing FAC dose. Metastasis in FAC-treated breast cells was also significantly inhibited. Real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay demonstrated that apoptosis-related BCL-2 and caspase-9 gene expression was consistent with their phenotype change. Metastasis-related FAK and BRCA1 gene expression was inversely related to FAC treatment. Western blot analysis indicated that BCL-2 and FAK proteins were reduced, whereas caspase-9 and BRCA1 proteins were increased with a higher dose of FAC treatment. These data suggested that FAC has an important role in breast cancer growth and metastasis suppression in vitro and in vivo. Its active mechanism involves promoting programmed cancer cell death and regulates metastasis-related gene expression.

  19. Field-aligned currents observed by CHAMP during the intense 2003 geomagnetic storm events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Wang

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available This study concentrates on the characteristics of field-aligned currents (FACs in both hemispheres during the extreme storms in October and November 2003. High-resolution CHAMP magnetic data reflect the dynamics of FACs during these geomagnetic storms, which are different from normal periods. The peak intensity and most equatorward location of FACs in response to the storm phases are examined separately for both hemispheres, as well as for the dayside and nightside. The corresponding large-scale FAC peak densities are, on average, enhanced by about a factor of 5 compared to the quiet-time FACs' strengths. And the FAC densities on the dayside are, on average, 2.5 times larger in the Southern (summer than in the Northern (winter Hemisphere, while the observed intensities on the nightside are comparable between the two hemispheres. Solar wind dynamic pressure is correlated with the FACs strength on the dayside. However, the latitudinal variations of the FACs are compared with the variations in Dst and the interplanetary magnetic field component Bz, in order to determine how these parameters control the large-scale FACs' configuration in the polar region. We have determined that (1 the equatorward shift of FACs on the dayside is directly controlled by the southward IMF Bz and there is a saturation of the latitudinal displacement for large value of negative Bz. In the winter hemisphere this saturation occurs at higher latitudes than in the summer hemisphere. (2 The equatorward expansion of the nightside FACs is delayed with respect to the solar wind input. The poleward recovery of FACs on the nightside is slower than on the dayside. The latitudinal variations on the nightside are better described by the variations of the Dst index. (3 The latitudinal width of the FAC region on the nightside spreads over a wide range of about 25° in latitude.

  20. Efficient control of the rheological and surface properties of surfactant solutions containing C8-C18 fatty acids as cosurfactants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitrinova, Z; Tcholakova, S; Popova, Z; Denkov, N; Dasgupta, Bivash R; Ananthapadmanabhan, K P

    2013-07-02

    Systematic experimental study is performed about the effects of chain length (varied between C8 and C18) and concentration of fatty acids (FAc), used as cosurfactants to the mixture of the anionic surfactant SLES and the zwitterionic surfactant CAPB. The following properties are studied: bulk viscosity of the concentrated solutions (10 wt % surfactants), dynamic and equilibrium surface tensions, surface modulus, and foam rheological properties for the diluted foaming solutions (0.5 wt % surfactants). The obtained results show that C8-C10 FAc induce formation of wormlike micelles in the concentrated surfactant solutions, which leads to transformation of these solutions into viscoelastic fluids with very high apparent viscosity. The same FAc shorten the characteristic adsorption time of the diluted solutions by more than 10 times. In contrast, C14-C18 FAc have small effect on the viscosity of the concentrated solutions but increase the surface modulus above 350 mN/m, which leads to higher friction inside sheared foams and to much smaller bubbles in the formed foams. The intermediate chain C12 FAc combines some of the properties seen with C10 FAc and other properties seen with C14 FAc. These results clearly demonstrate how appropriate cosurfactants can be used for efficient control of the rheological properties of concentrated surfactant solutions and of some important foam attributes, such as bubble size and foam rheology.

  1. High-throughput screening for enzyme inhibitors using frontal affinity chromatography with liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ng, Ella S M; Yang, Feng; Kameyama, Akihiko; Palcic, Monica M; Hindsgaul, Ole; Schriemer, David C

    2005-10-01

    This work presents new frontal affinity chromatography (FAC) methodologies for high-throughput screening of compound libraries, designed to increase screening rates and improve sensitivity and ruggedness in performance. A FAC column constructed around the enzyme N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase V (GnT-V) was implemented in the identification of potential enzyme inhibitors from two libraries of trisaccharides. Effluent from the FAC column was fractionated, sequentially processed via LC/MS, and referenced to a similar analysis through a control FAC column lacking the enzyme. The resulting multidimensional data sets were compared across corresponding sample and control fractions to identify binders, in a semiautomated approach. A strong binder in the protonated form at m/z 795 was identified from the first library of 81 compounds, exhibiting an estimated Kd value of 0.3 microM. Other binders yielded Kd values ranging from 0.35 to 3.35 microM. To demonstrate the improvement in performance of this FAC-LC/MS approach over the conventional online FAC/MS approach, 15 compounds from this library were blended with a second library of 1000 synthetic trisaccharides and screened against GnT-V. All ligands in the 15-compound set were identified in this larger screen, and no ligands of greater affinity than compound 1 were found. Our results show that FAC-LC/MS is a reliable method for screening large compound libraries directly and useful for large-scale ligand discovery initiatives.

  2. Filamentary field-aligned currents at the polar cap region during northward interplanetary magnetic field derived with the Swarm constellation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lühr, Hermann; Huang, Tao; Wing, Simon; Kervalishvili, Guram; Rauberg, Jan; Korth, Haje

    2017-01-01

    ESA’s Swarm constellation mission makes it possible for the first time to determine field-aligned currents (FACs) in the ionosphere uniquely. In particular at high latitudes, the dual-satellite approach can reliably detect some FAC structures which are missed by the traditional single-satellite technique. These FAC events occur preferentially poleward of the auroral oval and during times of northward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) orientation. Most events appear on the nightside. They are not related to the typical FAC structures poleward of the cusp, commonly termed NBZ. Simultaneously observed precipitating particle spectrograms and auroral images from Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) satellites are consistent with the detected FACs and indicate that they occur on closed field lines mostly adjacent to the auroral oval. We suggest that the FACs are associated with Sun-aligned filamentary auroral arcs. Here we introduce in an initial study features of the high-latitude FAC structures which have been observed during the early phase of the Swarm mission. A more systematic survey over longer times is required to fully characterize the so far undetected field aligned currents.

  3. The Payun-Matru lava field: a source of analogues for Martian long lava flows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giacomini, L.; Pasquarè, G.; Massironi, M.; Frigeri, A.; Bistacchi, A.; Frederico, C.

    2007-08-01

    'Accademia dei Lincei, 9, 16 (3), 127-135.[2]Pasquaré G., Bistacchi A., Francalanci L.. Gigantic self-confined pahoehoe inflated lava flows in Argentina. Submitted to Terra Nova. [3]Self, S., Keszthelyi, L., Thordarson, Th., 1998. The Importance of Pahoehoe. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Science, 26, 81-110. [4]Anderson T., 1910. The volcano of Matavanu in Savaii. Geological Society of London Quarterly Journal, 66, 621-639. [5] Walker, G.P.L., 1991. Structure and origin by injection of lava under surface crust, of tumuli, "lava rises", "lava rise pits", and "lava inflation clefts" in Hawaii. Bulletin of Volcanology, 53, 546-558. [6] Hon, K, Kauahikaua, J., Denlinger, R., Mackay, K., 1994. Emplacement and inflation of pahoehoe sheet flows: Observations and measurements of active lava flows on Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 106, 351-370. [7] Llambias, E., 1966. Geología y petrográfica del Volcán Payún-Matru. Acta Geológica Lill., VIII: 265-310. Instituto Lillo, Universidad Nacional Tucumán. Tucumán. [8] Zimbelman, J. R., 1998. Emplacement of long lava flows on planetary surface. J. Geophys. Res., 103, 27503- 27516. [9] Smith, D. E. et al., 1999. The global topography of Mars and implications for surface evolution. Science, 284, 1495-1503. [10] Glaze L.S., Anderson S.W., Stofan E.R., Baloga S., Smrekar S. E, 2005. Statistical distribution of tumuli on pahoehoe flow surfaces: analysis of examples in Hawaii and Iceland and potential application to lava flows on Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 110, B08202, doc: 10.1029/2004JB003564. [11] MacDonald, 1972. Volcanoes. Prentice-Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs. 510 pp.

  4. Flow Accelerated Corrosion of Carbon Steel in the Feedwater System of PWR Plants - Behaviour of Welds and Weld Assemblies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mansour, C.; Pavageau, E. M.; Faucher, A.; Inada, F.; Yoneda, K.; Miller, C.; Bretelle, J.-L.

    Flow Accelerated Corrosion (FAC) of carbon steel is a phenomenon that has been studied for many years. However, to date, the specific behavior of welds and weld assemblies of carbon steel towards this phenomenon has been scarcely examined. An experimental program of FAC of welds and weld assemblies is being conducted by EDF and CRIEPI. This paper describes the results obtained on the behavior of weld metal independently of its behavior in a weld assembly as well as the sensitivity to FAC of various weld assembly configurations. Tests are performed, at EDF, in the CIROCO loop which permits to follow the FAC rate by gammametry measurements, and at CRIEPI, in the PRINTEMPS loop where FAC is measured by laser displacement sensor. Welds are performed by two different methods: Submerged Arc Welding (SAW) and Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW). The influence of several parameters on FAC of welds is examined: welding method, chromium content and temperature. For weld assemblies, only the impact of chromium content is studied. All the tests are conducted in ammonia medium at pH 9.0 and oxygen concentration lower then 1 ppb. Chemical parameters, as the pH, the conductivity and oxygen concentration, are measured in situ during the test and surface characterizations are performed after the test. The results show that, with more than 0.15% chromium, no FAC is detected on the weld metal, which is similar to the base metal behaviour. For the same and lower chromium content, the two types of metal have the same FAC rate. Concerning the temperature effect, for both metals FAC rate decreases with temperature increase above 150°C. Below 150 °C, their behaviour seems to be different. For weld assemblies, the study of different configurations shows that the chromium content is the main parameter affecting the behaviour of the specimens. Additional tests and modeling studies will be conducted in order to complete the results.

  5. Preparation and characterization of Fe3+-doped TiO2 on fly ash cenospheres for photocatalytic application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Bing; Li, Qin; Wang, Wei; Li, Ying; Zhai, Jianping

    2011-02-01

    Fe3+-doped TiO2 film deposited on fly ash cenosphere (Fe-TiO2/FAC) was successfully synthesized by the sol-gel method. These fresh photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). The XRD results showed that Fe element can maintain metastable anatase phase of TiO2, and effect of temperature showed rutile phase appears in 650 °C for 0.01% Fe-TiO2/FAC. The SEM analysis revealed the Fe-TiO2 films on the surface of a fly ash cenosphere with a thickness of 2 μm. The absorption threshold of Fe-TiO2/FACs shifted to a longer wavelength compared to the photocatalyst without Fe3+-doping in the UV-vis absorption spectra. The photocatalytic activity and kinetics of Fe-TiO2/FAC with varying the iron content and the calcination temperatures were investigated by measuring the photodegradation of methyl blue (MB) during visible light irradiation. Compared with TiO2/FAC and Fe3+-doped TiO2 powder (Fe-TiO2), the degradation ratio using Fe-TiO2/FAC increased by 33% and 30%, respectively, and the best calcined temperature was 450 °C and the optimum doping of Fe/Ti molar ratio was 0.01%. The Fe-TiO2/FAC particles can float in water due to the low density of FAC in favor of phase separation to recover these photocatalyst after the reaction, and the recovery test shows that calcination contributes to regaining photocatalytic activity of Fe-TiO2/FAC photocatalyst.

  6. Preparation and characterization of Fe{sup 3+}-doped TiO{sub 2} on fly ash cenospheres for photocatalytic application

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Bing; Li Qin; Wang Wei; Li Ying [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, and School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China); Zhai Jianping, E-mail: jpzhai@nju.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, and School of the Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2011-02-01

    Fe{sup 3+}-doped TiO{sub 2} film deposited on fly ash cenosphere (Fe-TiO{sub 2}/FAC) was successfully synthesized by the sol-gel method. These fresh photocatalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and thermogravimetric analyses (TGA). The XRD results showed that Fe element can maintain metastable anatase phase of TiO{sub 2}, and effect of temperature showed rutile phase appears in 650 deg. C for 0.01% Fe-TiO{sub 2}/FAC. The SEM analysis revealed the Fe-TiO{sub 2} films on the surface of a fly ash cenosphere with a thickness of 2 {mu}m. The absorption threshold of Fe-TiO{sub 2}/FACs shifted to a longer wavelength compared to the photocatalyst without Fe{sup 3+}-doping in the UV-vis absorption spectra. The photocatalytic activity and kinetics of Fe-TiO{sub 2}/FAC with varying the iron content and the calcination temperatures were investigated by measuring the photodegradation of methyl blue (MB) during visible light irradiation. Compared with TiO{sub 2}/FAC and Fe{sup 3+}-doped TiO{sub 2} powder (Fe-TiO{sub 2}), the degradation ratio using Fe-TiO{sub 2}/FAC increased by 33% and 30%, respectively, and the best calcined temperature was 450 deg. C and the optimum doping of Fe/Ti molar ratio was 0.01%. The Fe-TiO{sub 2}/FAC particles can float in water due to the low density of FAC in favor of phase separation to recover these photocatalyst after the reaction, and the recovery test shows that calcination contributes to regaining photocatalytic activity of Fe-TiO{sub 2}/FAC photocatalyst.

  7. Wetland Plants of Specialized Habitats in the Arid West

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    NO NI UPL* Cardaria pubescens (C.A. Mey.) Jarmolenko UPL UPL UPL UPL UPL Carex barbarae Dewey NO NO NO FAC+ FACW Carex praegracilis W. Boott...FACW FACW+ FACW FACW FACW- Carex spissa Bailey NO NI NO NO FAC* Carex triquetra Boott UPL UPL UPL UPL UPL 14 ERDC/CRREL TR-07-8 Table 3...UPL UPL UPL UPL Pseudoclappia arenaria Rydb. UPL UPL UPL UPL UPL Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn FAC- FACU FACU FACU FACU Quercus agrifolia Née

  8. Comparative Power Projectional Capabilities: The Soviet Union and the United States 1980-85.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-02-26

    Gabriel Garcia Marquez , a confidant of Fidel Castro, claims that prior to making a m~ajor commitment of troops to Angola the Cuban cabinet made a "rapid...M4) with Exocet SSM *4 Spica-M FAC(M) with Exocet SSM, Blowpi SAM * Gabriel ..2 SS.._ Air Sidewindr-r A.AM_’ *Slesdwne AAM’ i ’ Lr. i , I t (continued...Seacat SAM"- - 3 Lurssen 45-metre FAC(M) with Gabriel -2 *3 FAC(M) with M-38 Exocet SSM." Air AIM-9J Sidewinder. . . . Latin America - . - Argentina Army

  9. Frontal Affinity Chromatography with Mass Spectrometry Detection for Probing Molecular Interactions. A New Mechanistic Approach for the Development of Detection & Identification and Medical Countermeasures Against CB Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-10-01

    direct measures of binding affinity in a rapid and easy to perform manner as FAC-MS. This article outlines the plan of adapting FAC-MS from industry ...par les agents CB. Beaucoup de vaccins ne sont pas aussi spdcifiques ni aussi efficaces qu’on avait esp~r6. Pour mettre au point un vaccin efficace...Development of FAC-MS has primarily focussed on drug discovery for the pharmaceutical industry because of its power in handling large mixtures of

  10. Craniosynostosis repair - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Your child should not go to school or daycare for at least 2 to 3 weeks after ... FACS, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles CA; Department of Surgery at Ashland ...

  11. Experiment list: SRX149198 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available || cell cycle profile=asynchronous http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/dm3/eachData/bw/SRX149198.bw ...avidin-coated beads used to pulldown biotinlyated PH) || facs sorting antibody=H3

  12. EFFECTIVENESS OF SECRETOLYTIC THERAPY IN REHABILITATION PROGRAM IN FREQUENTLY AILING CHILDREN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.V. Kiselev

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A problem of rehabilitation of frequently ailing children (FAC is one of the actual problems in pediatrics. Disorders of mucosal immunity, depending on different factors including the state of mucociliary transport, play important role in formation of FAC group including patients with recurrent episodes of obstructive bronchitis. Morphological and functional unity of mucous tunic of respiratory tract allows determining the state of mucociliary clearance and effectiveness of secretolytic therapy by the state of mucosal tunic of nose and nasopharynx (it is the most accessible mucosal tunic for the objective examination. Specified rates of time of mucociliary transport in different groups of FAC are presented in this article. An effectiveness of mucoregulatory medication ambroxol in complex treatment of FAC with adenoids and recurrent episodes of obstructive bronchitis, and advisability of its prolonged (14–18 days use for the recovery of disturbed system of mucociliary transport were described in this article.Key words: frequently ailing children, somatotype, mucociliary clearance, treatment.

  13. Traders' perception of cooking smoke as a risk factor for childhood ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-02-24

    . Indoor air pollution by smoke from cooking fuel is a major risk factor for childhood pneumonia. The knowl- edge of caregivers about risk fac- tors can facilitate the practice of appropriate preventive measures. This study set out ...

  14. Gas Stations, US, 2010, NAVTEQ

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Gas_Stations dataset is derived from the Navteq 'AUTOSVC' SDC layer (FAC_TYPE=5540) and contains gas stations and petrol stations. This NAVTEQ dataset is...

  15. Cleft lip and palate repair - discharge

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... only with a spoon. DO NOT use forks, straws, chopsticks, or other utensils that can harm their ... Lickstein, MD, FACS, specializing in cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery, Palm Beach Gardens, FL. Review provided by ...

  16. Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection Update Your Profile Member Communities Leadership Opportunities ... Group Icons in Surgery Archives Catalog Contact Us Careers at ACS Careers at ACS Careers at ACS ...

  17. Ostomy Home Skills Program

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... ACS Insurance Programs ACS Discount Programs FACS Resources Career Connection Update Your Profile Member Communities Leadership Opportunities ... Group Icons in Surgery Archives Catalog Contact Us Careers at ACS Careers at ACS Careers at ACS ...

  18. The role of trees in urban stormwater management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban impervious surfaces convert precipitation to stormwater runoff, which causes water quality and quantity problems. While traditional stormwater management has relied on gray infrastructure such as piped conveyances to collect and convey stormwater to wastewater treatment fac...

  19. Public-private partnership oversight : how FHWA reviews P3s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    A growing number of State and local transportation agencies are considering the use of public-private : partnerships (P3s), in which a private entity is involved in designing, financing, constructing, operating, : and maintaining a transportation fac...

  20. Effect of a nano-sized TiC particle addition on the flow-assisted corrosion resistance of SA 106B carbon steel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jin-Ju; Park, Eun-Kwang; Lee, Gyoung-Ja; Rhee, Chang-Kyu; Lee, Min-Ku

    2017-09-01

    Carbon steel with dispersed nano-sized TiC ceramic particles was fabricated by the ex-situ introduction of the particles into the melt, with the flow-assisted corrosion (FAC) resistance then investigated in the presence and absence of TiC nanoparticles using a once-through type of FAC loop test. From the potentiodynamic polarization curves, the current density at any given anodic potential was decreased and the open-circuit potential was increased by the addition of TiC nanoparticles. In addition, when the nano-sized TiC particles were added, the FAC rate was 1.38 times lower than that of carbon steel without TiC nanoparticles, indicating an improvement of the FAC resistance due to the homogeneous distribution of the TiC reinforcing nanoparticles.