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Sample records for homotssteiin geda koronaarse

  1. GEDAE-LaB: A Free Software to Calculate the Energy System Contributions during Exercise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertuzzi, Rômulo; Melegati, Jorge; Bueno, Salomão; Ghiarone, Thaysa; Pasqua, Leonardo A; Gáspari, Arthur Fernandes; Lima-Silva, Adriano E; Goldman, Alfredo

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the current study is to describe the functionality of free software developed for energy system contributions and energy expenditure calculation during exercise, namely GEDAE-LaB. Eleven participants performed the following tests: 1) a maximal cycling incremental test to measure the ventilatory threshold and maximal oxygen uptake (V̇O2max); 2) a cycling workload constant test at moderate domain (90% ventilatory threshold); 3) a cycling workload constant test at severe domain (110% V̇O2max). Oxygen uptake and plasma lactate were measured during the tests. The contributions of the aerobic (AMET), anaerobic lactic (LAMET), and anaerobic alactic (ALMET) systems were calculated based on the oxygen uptake during exercise, the oxygen energy equivalents provided by lactate accumulation, and the fast component of excess post-exercise oxygen consumption, respectively. In order to assess the intra-investigator variation, four different investigators performed the analyses independently using GEDAE-LaB. A direct comparison with commercial software was also provided. All subjects completed 10 min of exercise at moderate domain, while the time to exhaustion at severe domain was 144 ± 65 s. The AMET, LAMET, and ALMET contributions during moderate domain were about 93, 2, and 5%, respectively. The AMET, LAMET, and ALMET contributions during severe domain were about 66, 21, and 13%, respectively. No statistical differences were found between the energy system contributions and energy expenditure obtained by GEDAE-LaB and commercial software for both moderate and severe domains (P > 0.05). The ICC revealed that these estimates were highly reliable among the four investigators for both moderate and severe domains (all ICC ≥ 0.94). These findings suggest that GEDAE-LaB is a free software easily comprehended by users minimally familiarized with adopted procedures for calculations of energetic profile using oxygen uptake and lactate accumulation during exercise. By

  2. GEDAE-LaB: A Free Software to Calculate the Energy System Contributions during Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertuzzi, Rômulo; Melegati, Jorge; Bueno, Salomão; Ghiarone, Thaysa; Pasqua, Leonardo A.; Gáspari, Arthur Fernandes; Lima-Silva, Adriano E.; Goldman, Alfredo

    2016-01-01

    Purpose The aim of the current study is to describe the functionality of free software developed for energy system contributions and energy expenditure calculation during exercise, namely GEDAE-LaB. Methods Eleven participants performed the following tests: 1) a maximal cycling incremental test to measure the ventilatory threshold and maximal oxygen uptake (V˙O2max); 2) a cycling workload constant test at moderate domain (90% ventilatory threshold); 3) a cycling workload constant test at severe domain (110% V˙O2max). Oxygen uptake and plasma lactate were measured during the tests. The contributions of the aerobic (AMET), anaerobic lactic (LAMET), and anaerobic alactic (ALMET) systems were calculated based on the oxygen uptake during exercise, the oxygen energy equivalents provided by lactate accumulation, and the fast component of excess post-exercise oxygen consumption, respectively. In order to assess the intra-investigator variation, four different investigators performed the analyses independently using GEDAE-LaB. A direct comparison with commercial software was also provided. Results All subjects completed 10 min of exercise at moderate domain, while the time to exhaustion at severe domain was 144 ± 65 s. The AMET, LAMET, and ALMET contributions during moderate domain were about 93, 2, and 5%, respectively. The AMET, LAMET, and ALMET contributions during severe domain were about 66, 21, and 13%, respectively. No statistical differences were found between the energy system contributions and energy expenditure obtained by GEDAE-LaB and commercial software for both moderate and severe domains (P > 0.05). The ICC revealed that these estimates were highly reliable among the four investigators for both moderate and severe domains (all ICC ≥ 0.94). Conclusion These findings suggest that GEDAE-LaB is a free software easily comprehended by users minimally familiarized with adopted procedures for calculations of energetic profile using oxygen uptake and lactate

  3. [Measurement of the socioeconomic status within the German Health Update 2009 (GEDA)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampert, T; Kroll, L E; Müters, S; Stolzenberg, H

    2013-01-01

    The socioeconomic status (SES) is a central analytical concept for epidemiologic research and health reporting in Germany. Within the German Cardiovascular Prevention Study (GCP), a multidimensional aggregated index of SES has been developed, which is used to this date. We have revised this index critically and reworked it according to the necessities of German health monitoring at the Robert Koch Institute (RKI). The main changes involve the operationalization and categorization of the status-constituting dimensions education, occupation, and income as well as the categorization of the resulting socioeconomic status groups. This paper explains the steps of the revision process and the ideas behind it. In addition, it provides empirical evidence on the association of the revised index with three important health outcomes (self-rated health, obesity, and smoking) using data of the German Health Update 2009 (GEDA) study. It is planned to apply the revised SES concept in all studies on German health monitoring at the RKI, i.e., not only to GEDA but also to the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS) and the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS) in the same way.

  4. [Employment, family and health in men of working age in Germany : Results of the GEDA studies 2009-2012].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroll, Lars Eric; Müters, Stephan; Rattay, Petra; Lampert, Thomas

    2016-08-01

    Today's men want to participate in their children's upbringing more than in the past, but they are heavily involved in their occupation at the same time. This article describes the significance of parenthood, partnership and occupation in relation to health and health behaviours among men of working age in Germany. We summarised data from the "German Health Update" (GEDA) studies conducted in 2009, 2010 and 2012. Data on 18,465 men aged 18-64 years were available, 11,429 of which were living with children. We included mental health problems, general health awareness, sports activity and smoking as outcomes. Full-time employees working more than 48 h per week and unemployed persons had mental health problems more frequently (OR 1.44 and 2.35, p Germany due to unemployment and long working hours that are of importance for their health whether they are living with a partner and/or with children or not. The association between health and occupation was stronger than between health and fatherhood or partnership.

  5. Environmental Noise Annoyance and Mental Health in Adults: Findings from the Cross-Sectional German Health Update (GEDA) Study 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammersen, Friederike; Niemann, Hildegard; Hoebel, Jens

    2016-01-01

    The health implications of environmental noise, especially cardiovascular effects, have been studied intensively. Research on associations between noise and mental health, however, has shown contradictory results. The present study examined associations between individual levels of noise annoyance due to noise from various sources in the living environment and mental health of adults in Germany. It evaluated whether these associations persisted after adjusting for potential covariates. Data were obtained from the cross-sectional “German Health Update” study 2012 (GEDA 2012), a national health interview survey among adults in Germany conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 19,294). Noise annoyance questions referred to overall noise and that from road traffic, neighbours, and air traffic. Mental health was measured with the five-item Mental Health Inventory. Bivariate analysis showed associations between high levels of noise annoyance and impaired mental health for all noise sources except air traffic. After adjusting for covariates (sociodemographic factors, chronic disease, and social support), both men and women who reported high overall noise annoyance showed more than doubled odds of impaired mental health compared to those who were not annoyed. The odds of impaired mental health in the highest noise annoyance category from road traffic and neighbours were also significantly increased. These findings indicate that high noise annoyance is associated with impaired mental health and that this association can vary with the source of environmental noise. Further research on covariates of this association is necessary. Particularly, longitudinal data are required to establish the direction of associations and to address questions of causality. PMID:27681736

  6. Environmental Noise Annoyance and Mental Health in Adults: Findings from the Cross-Sectional German Health Update (GEDA Study 2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friederike Hammersen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The health implications of environmental noise, especially cardiovascular effects, have been studied intensively. Research on associations between noise and mental health, however, has shown contradictory results. The present study examined associations between individual levels of noise annoyance due to noise from various sources in the living environment and mental health of adults in Germany. It evaluated whether these associations persisted after adjusting for potential covariates. Data were obtained from the cross-sectional “German Health Update” study 2012 (GEDA 2012, a national health interview survey among adults in Germany conducted by the Robert Koch Institute (n = 19,294. Noise annoyance questions referred to overall noise and that from road traffic, neighbours, and air traffic. Mental health was measured with the five-item Mental Health Inventory. Bivariate analysis showed associations between high levels of noise annoyance and impaired mental health for all noise sources except air traffic. After adjusting for covariates (sociodemographic factors, chronic disease, and social support, both men and women who reported high overall noise annoyance showed more than doubled odds of impaired mental health compared to those who were not annoyed. The odds of impaired mental health in the highest noise annoyance category from road traffic and neighbours were also significantly increased. These findings indicate that high noise annoyance is associated with impaired mental health and that this association can vary with the source of environmental noise. Further research on covariates of this association is necessary. Particularly, longitudinal data are required to establish the direction of associations and to address questions of causality.

  7. Environmental Noise Annoyance and Mental Health in Adults: Findings from the Cross-Sectional German Health Update (GEDA) Study 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammersen, Friederike; Niemann, Hildegard; Hoebel, Jens

    2016-09-26

    The health implications of environmental noise, especially cardiovascular effects, have been studied intensively. Research on associations between noise and mental health, however, has shown contradictory results. The present study examined associations between individual levels of noise annoyance due to noise from various sources in the living environment and mental health of adults in Germany. It evaluated whether these associations persisted after adjusting for potential covariates. Data were obtained from the cross-sectional "German Health Update" study 2012 (GEDA 2012), a national health interview survey among adults in Germany conducted by the Robert Koch Institute ( n = 19,294). Noise annoyance questions referred to overall noise and that from road traffic, neighbours, and air traffic. Mental health was measured with the five-item Mental Health Inventory. Bivariate analysis showed associations between high levels of noise annoyance and impaired mental health for all noise sources except air traffic. After adjusting for covariates (sociodemographic factors, chronic disease, and social support), both men and women who reported high overall noise annoyance showed more than doubled odds of impaired mental health compared to those who were not annoyed. The odds of impaired mental health in the highest noise annoyance category from road traffic and neighbours were also significantly increased. These findings indicate that high noise annoyance is associated with impaired mental health and that this association can vary with the source of environmental noise. Further research on covariates of this association is necessary. Particularly, longitudinal data are required to establish the direction of associations and to address questions of causality.

  8. [Educational differences in smoking and smoking cessation among young adults. Results from the "German Health Update" (GEDA) Study 2009 and 2010].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuntz, B; Hoebel, J; Lampert, T

    2014-10-01

    Studies show that adolescents attending upper secondary schools are less likely to smoke than their peers attending lower secondary school types. This article examines how educational differences in smoking behaviour continue in young adulthood. Besides frequency and intensity of tobacco use the main focus is on smoking cessation. The analyses were based on information of the 18- to 29-year-old men and women who participated in the nationwide representative telephone survey "German Health Update" (GEDA) 2009 and 2010 carried out by the Robert Koch Institute (n=7,620). Smoking behaviour was measured by several questions on smoking frequency and intensity. Educational status was assessed by the highest school-leaving certificate and classified as low (no school-leaving certificate/Hauptschule certificate), middle (General Certificate of Secondary Education/Realschule certificate), and high (general qualification for university entrance (Abitur)/advanced technical college entrance qualification). In addition to prevalence estimates, age-adjusted odds ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated using logistic regression. According to the GEDA study, the prevalence of smoking was 42.6% among men and 36.7% among women aged 18-29 years. The prevalence of current smoking increased with decreasing educational level. The odds of current smoking was 3.72-times higher in lower as compared to higher educated men (95% CI 2.90-4.77) and 3.00-times higher in lower as compared to higher educated women (95% CI 2.30-3.92). Moreover, high intensity of tobacco use was also associated with lower education in men and women. The odds of successful quitting was significantly reduced in the lowest compared to the highest educational group (men: OR=0.45; 95% CI 0.31-0.66; women: OR=0.65; 95% CI 0.44-0.94). Our findings suggest that young adults with low education are more likely to start smoking and less likely to quit than their higher educated peers

  9. Phonological-Lexical Feedback during Early Abstract Encoding: The Case of Deaf Readers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Perea

    Full Text Available In the masked priming technique, physical identity between prime and target enjoys an advantage over nominal identity in nonwords (GEDA-GEDA faster than geda-GEDA. However, nominal identity overrides physical identity in words (e.g., REAL-REAL similar to real-REAL. Here we tested whether the lack of an advantage of the physical identity condition for words was due to top-down feedback from phonological-lexical information. We examined this issue with deaf readers, as their phonological representations are not as fully developed as in hearing readers. Results revealed that physical identity enjoyed a processing advantage over nominal identity not only in nonwords but also in words (GEDA-GEDA faster than geda-GEDA; REAL-REAL faster than real-REAL. This suggests the existence of fundamental differences in the early stages of visual word recognition of hearing and deaf readers, possibly related to the amount of feedback from higher levels of information.

  10. Estonskomu grazhdaninu Salo put v sibirskii less zakazan / Ljubov Semjonova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Semjonova, Ljubov

    2004-01-01

    Repressiivpoliitika uurimise komisjoni aruanne "Valge raamat" kommunistliku režiimi ajal Eestile tekitatud kahjudest. Komisjoni esimehe Vello Salo mõte nõuda kahjutasuks Novosibirski oblastis kasvavat metsa on Venemaal tekitanud ägeda resonantsi

  11. Gedar: Auto Coding to a Virtual Machine

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lundgren, William I; Barnes, Kerry B; Steed, James W

    2005-01-01

    Gedae is an integrated application development environment. It has been under development since 1987 - though the concepts involved are rooted in much earlier work done in the areas of data flow and hardware simulation...

  12. Kristlased üle maailma sõdivad filmi "Da Vinci kood" vastu / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2006-01-01

    17. mail esilinastub Cannes'i filmifestivalil Dan Browni samanimelise menuromaani järgi valminud põnevusfilm "Da Vinci kood" (režissöör Ron Howard, produtsent Brian Greiser). Film on langenud usuorganisatsiooni Opus Dei ägeda kriitika alla. Katoliiklikud ringkonnad on üles kutsunud filmi boikoteerima

  13. Smoking

    OpenAIRE

    Lampert, Thomas

    2011-01-01

    Every year on May 31 is World No Tobacco Day (WNTD). The current issue of GBE kompakt deals with the prevalence and development of tobacco use in Germany. Data of the telephone survey "German Health Update" 2009 (GEDA) show a decrease in smoking for the last years but only for the younger age groups.

  14. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 51 - 99 of 99 ... Vol 13, No 2 (2004), Macro policy reform, labour market, poverty and inequality in urban Ethiopia: a Micro-simulation approach, Abstract PDF. A Geda, A Abereha. Vol 13, No 2 (2004), Managing growth of microfinance institutions (MFIs): Balancing sustainability and reaching large number of clients in ...

  15. An explorative cross-sectional study examining self-reported health and nutritional status of disadvantaged people using food banks in Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Depa, Julia; Hilzendegen, Carolin; Tinnemann, Peter; Stroebele-Benschop, Nanette

    2015-11-24

    Even in high-income countries some population groups depend on food banks to support their food intake. We aimed to explore and compare health and nutritional status of food bank clients (Tafel e.V.) in different cities in Germany. In a cross-sectional study, self-reported health and nutritional status of food bank clients living in three cities (Berlin - capital, Ludwigsburg- affluent city, Fulda - small town) which differ in size, available income and poverty rate, were assessed and compared to survey variables of the low socioeconomic status population of national surveys (DEGS and GEDA). Across cities, food bank clients (N = 276, response rate of 21.5 %) did not differ in main socio-demographic characteristics (age, nationality, education, professional qualification, household income). Smoking, having at least one chronic illness, estimating their own health status as moderate to poor and low consumption of fruits and vegetables were common characteristics. Comparing selected variables with the low socioeconomic status population of DEGS and GEDA, differences were found for a higher prevalence of diabetes among food bank clients and a worse self-reported health status. Considerably lower fruit consumption and lower hypertension prevalence among female and lower overweight rates among male food bank clients were found. Although people using food banks vary in socio-demographic background, no differences for main demographics across the cities were found. In addition, the study suggests that for some health- and nutrition-related variables, national surveys in Germany might underestimate socioeconomic differences.

  16. Environmental and health impacts of effluents from textile industries in Ethiopia: the case of Gelan and Dukem, Oromia Regional State.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dadi, Diriba; Stellmacher, Till; Senbeta, Feyera; Van Passel, Steven; Azadi, Hossein

    2017-01-01

    This study focuses on four textile industries (DH-GEDA, NOYA, ALMHADI, and ALSAR) established between 2005 and 2008 in the peri-urban areas of Dukem and Gelan. The objectives of the study were to generate baseline information regarding the concentration levels of selected pollutants and to analyze their effects on biophysical environments. This study also attempts to explore the level of exposure that humans and livestock have to polluted effluents and the effects thereof. The findings of this study are based on data empirically collected from two sources: laboratory analysis of sample effluents from the four selected textile plants and quantitative as well as qualitative socioeconomic data collection. As part of the latter, a household survey and focus group discussions (FGDs) with elderly and other focal persons were employed in the towns of Dukem and Gelan. The results of the study show that large concentrations of biological oxygen demand (BOD5), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total suspended solids (TSS), and pH were found in all the observed textile industries, at levels beyond the permissible discharge limit set by the national Environmental Protection Authority (EPA). Furthermore, sulfide (S2), R-phosphate (R-PO43), and Zn were found in large concentrations in DH-GEDA and ALMHADI, while high concentrations were also identified in samples taken from ALSAR and ALMHADI. In spite of the clear-cut legal tools, this study shows that the local environment, people, and their livestock are exposed to highly contaminated effluents. We therefore recommend that the respective federal and regional government bodies should reexamine the compliance to and actual implementation of the existing legal procedures and regulations and respond appropriately.

  17. [Measurement of socioeconomic status in the KiGGS study: first follow-up (KiGGS Wave 1)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lampert, Thomas; Müters, S; Stolzenberg, H; Kroll, L E

    2014-07-01

    This article describes the measurement of socioeconomic status in the first follow-up of the KiGGS study (KiGGS Wave 1) conducted from 2009 to 2012. A multidimensional index score was used. The score is the sum of three metric components: Education and Occupational Qualification, Occupational Status, and Net Income. Compared with the approach in the KiGGS baseline study, some modifications were made in accordance with changes in the other components of the health-monitoring program at the Robert Koch Institute, i.e., the German Health Update (GEDA) and the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (DEGS1). These changes facilitate the analysis of temporal developments and trends, ensure international comparability of the data, and support the transfer of the results into politics and practice. In order to demonstrate the application of the revised instrument, we report on exemplary results of KiGGS Wave 1 regarding the relationship between socioeconomic status and the general health status of children and adolescents aged 3-17 years.

  18. [Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) – diagnosis, neuropsychological assessment, and symptom-orientated therapy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landgraf, Mirjam N; Giese, Renate M; Heinen, Florian

    2017-03-01

    According to the GEDA study (Study of Health in Germany), 20 % of all pregnant women show moderate and 8 % risky alcohol consumption. Of the pregnant women, 12 % engage in binge drinking (≥ 5 drinks per occasion less than once per month, 4 % every month and 0.1 % at least every week). According to conservative estimates, approximately 1 % of all children are affected by intrauterine exposure to alcohol. In total, approximately 800,000 million people, thereof 130,000 children, suffer from a fetal alcohol spectrum disorder in Germany. Many of the affected children, however, remain undiagnosed or are properly diagnosed only very late. To date, professionals in the healthcare and social system have not been sufficiently informed about the symptoms and the necessary diagnosis. This review illustrates the medical and psychological possibilities and necessities regarding children and adolescents with FASD. Early diagnosis and living in a supportive and violence-free environment are the most important protective factors for the long-term outcome of patients with FASD.

  19. [Socioeconomic differences in physical activity in the middle-aged working population: The role of education, occupation, and income].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoebel, Jens; Finger, Jonas D; Kuntz, Benjamin; Lampert, Thomas

    2016-02-01

    Regular physical activity has positive effects on health at all ages. This study aims to investigate how far physical activity and regular sports engagement, as a more specific type of physical activity, are associated with socioeconomic factors in the middle-aged working population. Data were obtained from 21,699 working men and women aged between 30 and 64 years who participated in the 2009 and 2010 population-based national German Health Update (GEDA) surveys conducted by the Robert Koch Institute. Besides a multi-dimensional index of socioeconomic status (SES), three single dimensions of SES (education, occupation, and income) were used to analyse socioeconomic differences in total physical activity and regular sports engagement. While the prevalence of total physical activity increased with lower SES, the proportion of people with regular sports engagement decreased with lower SES. These associations remained after adjusting for age in men and women. After mutual adjustment of the three single socioeconomic dimensions, physical activity was independently associated with lower education and lower occupational status. Regular sports engagement was observed to be independently associated with higher education, higher occupational status, as well as higher income after mutual adjustment. This study demonstrates significant socioeconomic differences in physical and sports activity in the middle-aged working population. Education, occupation, and income show varying independent associations with physical activity behaviour. Such differences need to be considered when identifying target groups for health-enhancing physical activity interventions.

  20. Contribution of Established Stroke Risk Factors to the Burden of Stroke in Young Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aigner, Annette; Grittner, Ulrike; Rolfs, Arndt; Norrving, Bo; Siegerink, Bob; Busch, Markus A

    2017-07-01

    As stroke in young adults is assumed to have different etiologies and risk factors than in older populations, the aim of this study was to examine the contribution of established potentially modifiable cardiovascular risk factors to the burden of stroke in young adults. A German nationwide case-control study based on patients enrolled in the SIFAP1 study (Stroke In Young Fabry Patients) 2007 to 2010 and controls from the population-based GEDA study (German Health Update) 2009 to 2010 was performed. Cases were 2125 consecutive patients aged 18 to 55 years with acute first-ever stroke from 26 clinical stroke centers; controls (age- and sex-matched, n=8500, without previous stroke) were from a nationwide community sample. Adjusted population-attributable risks of 8 risk factors (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, smoking, heavy episodic alcohol consumption, low physical activity, and obesity) and their combinations for all stroke, ischemic stroke, and primary intracerebral hemorrhage were calculated. Low physical activity and hypertension were the most important risk factors, accounting for 59.7% (95% confidence interval, 56.3-63.2) and 27.1% (95% confidence interval, 23.6-30.6) of all strokes, respectively. All 8 risk factors combined explained 78.9% (95% confidence interval, 76.3-81.4) of all strokes. Population-attributable risks of all risk factors were similar for all ischemic stroke subtypes. Population-attributable risks of most risk factors were higher in older age groups and in men. Modifiable risk factors previously established in older populations also account for a large part of stroke in younger adults, with 4 risk factors explaining almost 80% of stroke risk. URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00414583. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  1. Mixing modes in a population-based interview survey: comparison of a sequential and a concurrent mixed-mode design for public health research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mauz, Elvira; von der Lippe, Elena; Allen, Jennifer; Schilling, Ralph; Müters, Stephan; Hoebel, Jens; Schmich, Patrick; Wetzstein, Matthias; Kamtsiuris, Panagiotis; Lange, Cornelia

    2018-01-01

    Population-based surveys currently face the problem of decreasing response rates. Mixed-mode designs are now being implemented more often to account for this, to improve sample composition and to reduce overall costs. This study examines whether a concurrent or sequential mixed-mode design achieves better results on a number of indicators of survey quality. Data were obtained from a population-based health interview survey of adults in Germany that was conducted as a methodological pilot study as part of the German Health Update (GEDA). Participants were randomly allocated to one of two surveys; each of the surveys had a different design. In the concurrent mixed-mode design ( n  = 617) two types of self-administered questionnaires (SAQ-Web and SAQ-Paper) and computer-assisted telephone interviewing were offered simultaneously to the respondents along with the invitation to participate. In the sequential mixed-mode design ( n  = 561), SAQ-Web was initially provided, followed by SAQ-Paper, with an option for a telephone interview being sent out together with the reminders at a later date. Finally, this study compared the response rates, sample composition, health indicators, item non-response, the scope of fieldwork and the costs of both designs. No systematic differences were identified between the two mixed-mode designs in terms of response rates, the socio-demographic characteristics of the achieved samples, or the prevalence rates of the health indicators under study. The sequential design gained a higher rate of online respondents. Very few telephone interviews were conducted for either design. With regard to data quality, the sequential design (which had more online respondents) showed less item non-response. There were minor differences between the designs in terms of their costs. Postage and printing costs were lower in the concurrent design, but labour costs were lower in the sequential design. No differences in health indicators were found between

  2. Perspectives públiques i privades del futur de la comercialització de la informació cartogràfica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Cebrián

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available

    El 16 de setembre de 2005, els Estudis de Dret i Ciència Política de la UOC van organitzar la Jornada sobre la Reutilització de la Informació del Sector Públic per analitzar la normativa comunitària en la matèria i la manera de traslladar-la a l'ordenament jurídic espanyol.

    En el marc de la jornada es va desenvolupar una taula rodona sobre la comercialització de la informació cartogràfica en la qual van participar representants d'administracions públiques de diferents àmbits territorials (José Cebrián, director del Centre Nacional d'Informació Geogràfica de l'Administració General de l'Estat; Jaume Miranda, director de l'Institut Cartogràfic de Catalunya de la Generalitat de Catalunya; i Carlos Zañartu, cap de l'Oficina de Gestió Cartogràfica Local de la Diputació de Barcelona, i també representants del sector privat que treballen amb informació geogràfica (Jordi Guimet, de la Secció Catalana de l'Associació Espanyola de Sistemes d'Informació Geogràfica, i Jaume Royo, director del Departament de Territori de TAO-GEDAS.

    Els diferents membres de la taula rodona van fer una exposició breu sobre la situació actual de la comercialització de la informació geogràfica des de la seva òptica i, a continuació, es va entrar en un debat sobre les perspectives que obre el trasllat de la directiva en general i, en particular, respecte de temes com ara les llicències o les tarifes.

  3. Lietuvių poezijos modernėjimas sovietmečiu: bandymas konceptualizuoti | Das Modernwerden der litauischen Poesie in der Sowjetzeit: ein Versuch der Konzeptualisierung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rimantas Kmita

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In diesem Artikel wird der Versuch unternommen, über die Ordnung, die Literatur kontrollierte, und die Prozesse des Modernwerdens der Poesie in der Sowjetzeit konzeptuell nachzudenken, während man die Chronologie dieser Prozesse präzisiert und ihre Prinzipien, Logik sowie Voraussetzungen, die es für die Kulturordnung zulassen, verändert zu werden und sich zu verändern, zu verstehen versucht, und geschichtlichen Konturen der Legitimierung der modernen Schöpfung zu markieren. Man verfolgt dabei das Trajektorium der Poesie von einer Generation (Bložė, Vaičiūnaitė, Martinaitis, Geda, Juškaitis, T. Venclova, weil die Poesie von dieser Generation eben am meisten gegen ästhetische und ideologische Kanone zu streiten begann und die moderne Poetik im Rahmen des Sozialrealismus festigte.Für die Verallgemeinerung dieser Prozesse wird der Begriff der Fabrikordnung von V. Kavolis zu Hilfe gezogen, mit dem man den ganzen Faktorenkomplex (die kommunistische Ideologie, die Kulturpolitik, den Kanon des Sozialrealismus und die Logik ihres Wirkens verallgemeinern kann. Diese Ordnung basiert auf die Dominierung einer monologen Kultur, die dem ideologischen Propaganda dient, und auf die Einschränkung und Vernichtung aller konkurrierenden bzw. anderen Programme. Die Geschichte des Modernwerdens der litauischen Poesie in der Sowjetzeit kann man als Entstehung, Reifen und Legalisierungselbständiger Programme im Rahmen der Fabrikordnung betrachten. Eine authentische kulturelle Tätigkeit wird als eine Alternative für die offizielle Kulturdoktrine und als ein Widerstand gegen die Fabriknivelierung projiziert.Die Poesie wird im Modell der Fabrikordnung in der Sowjetzeit moderner, sie festigt ihre Prinzipien, während sie sich damit motiviert, was legal und zugelassen ist – vor allem Folklore, Werke alter Autoren (Donelaitis, Starzdas, Vienažindis und Suchen nach dem modernen Sozialrealismus im Formbereich (Žmogus von Mieželaitis. Die Fabrik wurde