WorldWideScience

Sample records for hokokusho shin energy

  1. Report on regional new energy vision for Kahoku town; Kahokucho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kahoku town, Kochi Prefecture, which features the introduction of recoverable energy harmonious with nature and friendly to human life and environments. The results of activities conducted in this connection are compiled into nine chapters, which cover (1) Kahoku-town's local characteristics relative to new energy, (2) survey of townspeople's awareness of new energy, (3) amounts of new energy in existence, (4) basic policy toward introduction, (5) study of concrete measures for promoting introduction, (6) study of prioritized projects, (7) establishment of target amounts for introduction, (8) coordination with energy conservation measures, and (9) a system for thrusting forward the regional new energy vision toward embodiment. Chapter (7) comprises the way of setting target values for introduction; study of the target values to be achieved by the industry, administration, and citizenry, respectively; and a conclusion on the target values. Studies are conducted in the chapter about the introduction of solar energy, wind power generation, small scale hydroelectric power generation, cogeneration, clean energy vehicles, and the like. It is predicted that 960 kl/year will be introduced in fiscal 2010 in terms of oil, which accounts for 12% of energy consumption. (NEDO)

  2. Report on new energy vision in Fudai Village area; Fudaimura chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Fudai Village area in Iwate Prefecture. The population of Fudai Village is decreasing from the peak of 4,103 persons in 1985. Its basic industry is fishery and agricultural industries, with the fish and marine product raising industry particularly active. The energy consumption in Fudai Village is, in the decreasing order, the transportation field (48.5%), the social and household field (26.5%), social industry, and manufacturing industry. Homes consume room heating energy at a greater extent. Energies are supplied by fuel oil at 53,554 Gcal (79.3%) and electric power at 11,551 Gcal (17.1%). The new energy introducing project has discussed introduction of cogeneration into the Kurosaki House, introduction of photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization systems, and introduction wind power generation as a tourism symbol. Discussions were also given on conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy automobiles. Further discussions were given on introduction of small new energy facilities, such as hybrid illumination, small wind power generation, and photovoltaic power generation, into the village office, the station square, the fish market, facilities in the fishing port, the children's hall, and the Road Station. (NEDO)

  3. Report on new energy vision in Koushida Town area; Koushidacho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Koushida Town area in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of Koushida Town has leveled off in recent years at 20,245 persons in fiscal 2000. However, number of people working outside the town is increasing, and the ratio of the daytime population is decreasing slowly. Agriculture in this town depends mainly on production rice of such brands as 'Hitomebore' and 'Sasanishiki', wherein the agricultural production amount is 3 billion 260 million yen in fiscal 1998. Commercial activities are decreasing its power with the annual retail sales amount of 17 billion 800 million yen, while the product shipping amount from the attracted factories is on the increasing trend, at 25 billion 700 million yen in 1998. The energy consumption is 526 times 10{sup 9} kcal in total, accounted for by the business department at 42.0%, the transportation department at 32.3%, and the consumer department at 25.7%. The annual utilizable quantity of new energies amounts to 28,816 times 10{sup 6} kcal, made available from solar power, wind power, bio-mass, and refuses, which is about 5.5% of the final energy consumption of the town. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the town office building, facilities for interchange of citizens and schools, conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy fueled automobiles, the Eco-town Plan for the east side of Koushida Station, and the project of utilizing bio-mass supplied from the livestock market. (NEDO)

  4. Report on new energy vision in Koushida Town area; Koushidacho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Koushida Town area in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of Koushida Town has leveled off in recent years at 20,245 persons in fiscal 2000. However, number of people working outside the town is increasing, and the ratio of the daytime population is decreasing slowly. Agriculture in this town depends mainly on production rice of such brands as 'Hitomebore' and 'Sasanishiki', wherein the agricultural production amount is 3 billion 260 million yen in fiscal 1998. Commercial activities are decreasing its power with the annual retail sales amount of 17 billion 800 million yen, while the product shipping amount from the attracted factories is on the increasing trend, at 25 billion 700 million yen in 1998. The energy consumption is 526 times 10{sup 9} kcal in total, accounted for by the business department at 42.0%, the transportation department at 32.3%, and the consumer department at 25.7%. The annual utilizable quantity of new energies amounts to 28,816 times 10{sup 6} kcal, made available from solar power, wind power, bio-mass, and refuses, which is about 5.5% of the final energy consumption of the town. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the town office building, facilities for interchange of citizens and schools, conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy fueled automobiles, the Eco-town Plan for the east side of Koushida Station, and the project of utilizing bio-mass supplied from the livestock market. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision for Tanoura town; 2000 nendo Tauracho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated to make an environmentally friendly community of Tanoura town, Kumamoto Prefecture, which is a 6,000-people town facing Shiranui Bay and consisting of seashore, the streets, and a mountainous district. The amount of new energy in existence, when converted into electric power, will be 10 GWh/year accounting for approximately 20% of 1999 power consumption. The types of new energy subjected to study are solar energy, wind energy, biomass energy, refuse-derived energy, and geothermal energy, with solar energy surpassing the rest. In the new energy vision, the roles of the administration, citizens, and industrialists are made obvious; new energy introduction projects are established for the introduction of photovoltaic power, solar heat, and wind power into Hot Spring Center; and clean energy vehicles will be acquired to serve as official vehicles. The new energy vision booklet comprises six chapters, with chapter 1 dealing with the basic philosophy of vision formulation. (NEDO)

  6. Basic survey report on regional new energy vision for Ehime Prefecture; Ehimeken chiiki shin energy vision kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated to establish guidelines for popularizing and utilizing new energy which generates but a small amount of environmental impact. The results of surveys conducted in this connection are described in five chapters, which cover (1) the trend of new energy, (2) current situation of new energy in Ehime Prefecture, (3) calculation of the existing amount and available amount of new energy, (4) calculation of the introducible amount of new energy, and (5) the basic policy toward the introduction of new energy. Part (4) covers solar energy, wind energy, waste-derived energy, temperature difference energy, minor scale hydroelectric power generation, biomass energy, and like others. It states that a total of 540,000 kl/year will be available in terms of oil, equivalent to approximately 6% of Ehime Prefecture's 1997 energy consumption, and that it is expected that in fiscal 2010 photovoltaic/passive solar energy utilization, cogeneration, and wind power will yield 152,000, 314,000, and 27,000 kl/year respectively. (NEDO)

  7. Report on new energy vision at Hinase Town area; 2001 nendo Hinase cho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Hinase Town in Hyogo Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies available, and the new energy introduction projects for the town, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumption in Hinase Town is 242,814,320,000 kcal in fiscal 2000. The amount of carbon dioxide discharge associated therewith is 76.57 t-CO2/year. Regarding the energy consumption by departments, the industrial department consumes the most, followed by the transportation department, civil household department, and civil business department. The new energy introduction projects have discussed servicing of the bio-gas plant utilizing organic wastes and cogeneration, the new energy introduction projects for the Natural Energy Island at Kakui Island and the ocean ranch consisted of the use of solar heat water warmer, solar cell powered street lights, photovoltaic power generation, and electric cars for sightseeing visitors, the Eco-school promotion project for primary schools, introduction of energy saving devices into the town office, and the new energy proliferation and enlightenment project. (NEDO)

  8. Report on establishment of new energy vision in Akeno Village (Yamanashi Prefecture); Akenomura shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established to move positively forward the introduction of reproducible new energies and promotion of energy conservation at the district level, based on the basic conception of 'protecting and nurturing nature and culture of Akeno Village to leave them to the future generations'. The activity achievements were put into order by the following five items: 1) basic conception and basic policy in establishing the new energy vision, 2) the general situation of Akeno Village, 3) investigation on energy demand and supply in Akeno Village, 4) estimation of existence quantity of new energies, and 5) the new energy introduction vision. Item 5 is composed of the conception in establishing the idea, new energy introduction plans, and new energy introduction projects. The new energy introduction projects include introduction of photovoltaic power generation into Akeno Middle School, installation of wind power generation facilities at open space in the 'Road Station', introduction of hybrid street lights using micro wind mills and solar cells into the school zone roads, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into official use automobiles. (NEDO)

  9. Survey report on establishing a regional new energy vision in Gohoku Village; Gohokuson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A regional new energy vision was established in Gohoku Village in Kochi Prefecture. Significance of this vision as a guideline for new energy introduction lies in preservation of natural environment, development promotion of the district, and building of a village strong against disasters. According to the discussion on energy availability in Gohoku Village, the expected usable amount will be about 5.13 million kWh/year by using solar energy power generation, about 2.25 billion kcal/year by utilizing solar heat, about 42 million kWh/year by utilizing wind energy, about 1.07 million kWh/year by using a small hydroelectric power plant, and about 31 million kcal/year by using wastes energy. The important new energy introduction projects are planned for introducing solar energy power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, and small hydroelectric power generation in the area of 'Green Park Hodono' to make it a new energy model park (an ecology park), introducing solar energy power generation and solar heat utilization in the health and welfare center, day-service center, and special aged nursing home, and introducing clean energy fueled automobiles in official use. (NEDO)

  10. Report for fiscal 2000 on feasibility study for commercializing new energies; 2000 nendo shin energy jigyoka feasibility study hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Tobu Town in Nagano Prefecture has established a 'Tobu Town new energy vision' and set up a polity to make efforts in discussing new energy introduction into public facilities which will be constructed in the future. Discussions were given on commercialization possibilities of the energy center system, particularly energy supply by cogeneration utilizing natural gas, for the four facilities in the 'Forest of Welfare'. Comparison was performed on primary energy consumption, CO2 emission reducing quantity, and economic performance between the existing energy supply systems and the energy center system. Discussions were also given on means to utilize solar energy. The plan calls for establishing the energy center in the 'Forest of Welfare', wherein facilities composed mainly of a gas engine type cogeneration plant (500 kW) and a solar heat collector (36.4 m{sup 2}) will be installed to supply the object facilities with electric power and hot water. This operation will be able to reduce the primary energy consumption by 12% and CO2 emission by 18%. (NEDO)

  11. Report on new energy vision for fiscal 2000 in Nanno Town (Gifu Prefecture); 2000 nendo Nannocho shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Nanno Town, upon investigating the existence quantity and utilization possibility of new energies, and from a viewpoint of reduction of air pollutants, and assurance of independent energy resources. The vision was established with the residents' participation as the base, while keeping consistency with the 'Nanno Town's new century development plan, 2010'. The activity achievements were put into order by the following six items: 1) necessity of introducing new energies, 2) the current status of Nanno Town, 3) energy demand quantity in Nanno Town, 4) possibility of introducing the new energies, 5) establishment of the introduction project, and 6) assignments and measures toward realization of the vision. Item 4) is composed of the summary of new energies in the district, new energy existence quantity in Nanno Town, and the residents' consciousness. Investigations were carried out on utilization possibilities of energies from solar beam, wind power, bio-mass, and wastes. The new energy existence quantity is estimated to be 5,005 kl/year converted into petroleum, as solar heat for general houses, 1,132 k/year as bio-mass, and 329 k/year as wastes. (NEDO)

  12. Report on establishing new energy vision at Furen Town area; 2001 nendo Furen cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at the city of Furen in Hokkaido, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies in existence, and new energy introduction projects of the city, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumed in Furen Town is 119,846 x 10{sup 3} kWh. By departments, the transportation department has the highest consumption ratio, followed by general household. Energy types are kerosene, followed by heavy oil, electric power and LPG in the decreasing order. The important new energy introduction projects have discussed the ''Snow Storehouse Workshop'' being a low temperature rice storage facility in Bibai City, which performs cold storage and shipment adjustment of agricultural products, through-the-year agriculture to perform house cultivation by using rice straws and rice husks as the heat energy source, adjustment of temperatures of paddy fields by using calorific power of rice husks, electric power generation and heat supply by using heat of combustion of chips from lumber factories, electric power generation and heat supply by using livestock excreta (bio-gas), and introduction of new energies into schools and parks. (NEDO)

  13. Basic research report on introduction of new energy into Yamaguchi Prefecture; Yamaguchiken shin energy donyu kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In Estimation Work 1, the potentially available amount (the amount in existence) is determined for each type of new energy by use of various new energy related technologies now available. In Estimation Work 2, the available amount is determined for each type of new energy, with social restraint and installation space taken into consideration. Effects upon energy saving and CO2 emission reduction are 4405.2% and 3439.1% in Estimation Work 1, and 6.5% and 8.0% in Estimation Work 2. A conclusion is reached after examining the outcomes of the said estimation works and the results of simulations (conducted on the assumption of new energy introduction in fiscal 2010), the number of advocates expressing their support of new energy adoption in questionnaires answered by various businesses and offices in the prefecture, high possibilities of introduction detected in a survey of exploitation projects of cities, towns, associations, and unions, and the prospect of acceptance by households. The conclusion is that the types of new energy and technologies to be selectively introduced into the prefecture will be photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, clean energy vehicles, energy extracted from wastes, cogeneration, fuel cells, passive solar system, utilization of waste heat from factories and mills, and ocean energy. These are abundant in terms of potentially available amount and of available amount. (NEDO)

  14. New energy vision of the Gushikami Village area; 2001 nendo Gushikami son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Gushikami Village, Okinawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the village, existence amount of new energy, plan for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy demand of Gushikami Village was estimated at 640.2 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 37.1% in the transportation sector, 32.0% in the commercial/residential sector and 30.8% in the industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 73.7% of petroleum-base fuel and 26.3% of electric power. As the plan for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the village office/museum/elementary school/junior high school, introduction of solar heat utilization facilities to the meal providing center/gymnasium, introduction of wind power generation to the sports park, project of wind power generation on the sugar cane hill (600kW x 6 turbines), cogeneration by composting of stockbreeding waste and methane, introduction of clean energy car to official vehicle, introduction of natural gas vehicle, installation of experimental plant for conversion of sugar cane to methanol, etc. (NEDO)

  15. FY 2001 Report of regional new energy vision for Futaba Town; 2001 nendo Futaba machi chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Futaba Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy consumed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The annual energy consumption of the town is 113,049 times 10{sup 6} kcal, with automobiles consuming 47.2%, manufacturing industries 19.8%, households 18.9%, and commerce 12.6%. The amount of carbon dioxide due to the consumption is estimated at 9,999 times 10{sup 3} kg-C in total. Studies were made about new energy introduction projects toward 2010, which involved the introduction of photovoltaic power generation systems and solar heat utilization systems into four public facilities and 214 general residences; introduction of nine clean energy vehicles into public facilities and 181 into general residences; a wind power station near the seashore; a mini-scale hydroelectric power system for irrigation; introduction of new energy for illuminating sightseeing roads and parks, and so forth. (NEDO)

  16. New energy visions for City of Sapporo. Report on the survey results; Sapporoshi shin energy vision chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    This project is aimed at survey/study on new energy reserves and possibility of their introduction for City of Sapporo, and, at the same time, drawing the future visions for introduction of new energies to reshape the city. The new energies considered are solar energy and waste heat carried by sewage, in addition to waste heat from garbage incineration and garbage-derived solid fuels, which are now already utilized as the heat sources for district heat supply. The city as a whole consumed energy of 28,100Tcal/y in 1985 and 45,700Tcal/y in 1996, and emitted carbon dioxide totaling 2,690,000 and 3,510,000 tC/y in the respective year. The projects considered for introduction of new energies include construction of a new cleaning plant and heat supply system at the southern gate of Sapporo Station, introduction of clean energy automobiles, increasing attractiveness of Satoland project, utilization of low-temperature heat at glass pyramids in Moere Park, promotion of photovoltaic power generation, construction of facilities for culture-exchanging, and construction of an environmental plaza. (NEDO)

  17. Report of regional new energy vision for Kannami Town; 2001 nendo Kannami cho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kannami Town, Shizuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy consumption structure of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town consumes approximately 5-million GJ/year, with the industrial sector consuming 47%, the transportation sector 29%, and the residential and commercial sector 26%. When a comparison is made, the percentages of the residential/commercial and transportation sectors are relatively higher than the national average. Projects for new energy introduction were studied, which involved photovoltaic power generation for the town office, community hall, primary and junior high schools, nursery schools, and general residences; solar heat utilization for public facilities, greenhouses, and general residences; wind power generation for sightseeing facilities, public gardens, and emergency evaluation areas; utilization of sewage waste heat for the sewage purification center; utilization of hot spa waste heat in the urban area; a biomass-fueled power plant; medium- and mini-scale hydroelectric power generation for the drinking water treatment plant; refuse-fueled power generation at refuse incineration facilities; use of clean-energy automobiles; natural gas-fueled cogeneration for public organizations; and so forth. (NEDO)

  18. Report on a regional new energy vision establishment in Yatsuka Township; Yatsukamachi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy vision in Yatsuka Township in Shimane Prefecture. For the survey on available amount of natural energies (sunlight and wind), all-weather insolation required for solar energy power generation was analyzed by using the NEDO information, and wind was analyzed based on observations at Matsue Meteorological Observatory, Sakai-minato Observatory, and Nakaura Water Gate. In discussing the system, power generation amount in the Matsue area was estimated for the case when solar cells of single crystal silicon plus amorphous hybrid type HIP-H48B1 are used. For wind power generation, power generation amount was calculated from observation values derived at the Nakaura water gate when wind mills with diameters from 2 to 10 m are used. Furthermore, calculations were performed on power amount generated uniformly by using a hybrid system using solar energy power generation and wind power generation. As a result of the discussions, a plan was established to introduce the new energies by means of a solar and wind energy hybrid power generation system to the greenhouse 'Green Stellar' symbolizing the Japan's largest peony production, being capable of year-round peony cultivation. The system is planned to be introduced to the town office building and other public organizations sequentially according to annual programs. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2001 report on the new energy vision of Ajigasawa Town; 2001 nendo Azigasawa machi shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Ajigasawa Town, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the amount of energy demand of the town, potential introduction of new energy, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Ajigasawa Town was 13,551 according to the results of the national census taken in 2000, which is slightly decreasing. The energy demand is broken down into 40.1% in the transportation sector, 35.4% in the industrial sector and 24.5% in the commercial/residential sector, depending on petroleum (81.8%) and electric power (13.1%). The CO2 emission amount from the above is estimated at 26,210 t-C/y in total. In the model project for new energy introduction, the following were selected: wind power generation for the filtration plant of water supply system/night soil treatment plant/funeral hall/comprehensive park/seed and seedling center; photovoltaic power generation for the trip village for youth/elementary schools; fuel cell/hybrid car for Ajigasawa town office; micro-hydroelectric power generation for nursery; natural gas cogeneration for the insurance welfare center. (NEDO)

  20. Report on new energy vision establishment in Oga City area; Ogashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Oga City in Akita Prefecture. The population of the city is continuing the decreasing trend since 1955 to 30,462 persons as of 2000. The number of employed people by industry is in the trend of decreasing in the primary industry, leveling off in the second industry, and increasing in the tertiary industry. The annual energy demand in this city is 838,000 MWh in electric power and 302 times 10{sup 13} J, accounted for by the consumer department at about 44.4%, the transportation department at about 28.3% and the industrial department at 27.3%. The carbon dioxide emission amount therefrom is estimated 68,100 t-C. The expected usable quantity of new energies in the city would be available in solar heat as the largest source, followed by solar beam and wind power, whose amount is estimated 136.41 times 10{sup 13}J annually in total. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of wind power generation into Namahage Line and its vicinity and the Ikari area, manufacture of fuel from refuses, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the cars used by the city office, introduction of photovoltaic into the general gymnasium and primary and middle schools, and solar heat utilization at the general gymnasium. (NEDO)

  1. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Toyohashi area; Toyohashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The 'new energy vision for Toyohashi (Aichi Prefecture) area' was established from the viewpoint that proliferation of new energy use, which is less familiar and higher in cost, requires induction by urban and environmental measures, and consistency with district characteristics. The achievements were put into order as the report on the Toyohashi area new energy vision and the investigation on the vision establishment. The vision is composed by the following four items: 1) basic matters concerning the vision, 2) ideas and policies of the vision, 3) major measures for introducing new energies, and 4) promotion of the vision. Item 3) presents the introduction measures, introduction project, and measure development by areas. Considerations on the introduction measures include enlightenment for proliferation, expansion in information provision, development of preferential treatments, initiative introduction into public facilities, and the measures to strengthen cooperative works by citizens, business entities, and the administration. The following four projects were set: introduction of wastes power generation into the Resource Production Center (wastes treatment plant), improvement of the surplus heat utilization facilities, and introduction of wind power generation into the General Agricultural Park. (NEDO)

  2. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Toyohashi area; Toyohashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The 'new energy vision for Toyohashi (Aichi Prefecture) area' was established from the viewpoint that proliferation of new energy use, which is less familiar and higher in cost, requires induction by urban and environmental measures, and consistency with district characteristics. The achievements were put into order as the report on the Toyohashi area new energy vision and the investigation on the vision establishment. The vision is composed by the following four items: 1) basic matters concerning the vision, 2) ideas and policies of the vision, 3) major measures for introducing new energies, and 4) promotion of the vision. Item 3) presents the introduction measures, introduction project, and measure development by areas. Considerations on the introduction measures include enlightenment for proliferation, expansion in information provision, development of preferential treatments, initiative introduction into public facilities, and the measures to strengthen cooperative works by citizens, business entities, and the administration. The following four projects were set: introduction of wastes power generation into the Resource Production Center (wastes treatment plant), improvement of the surplus heat utilization facilities, and introduction of wind power generation into the General Agricultural Park. (NEDO)

  3. Survey for working out a new energy vision of the Tateshina Town area; 2001 nendo Tateshina machi shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and heightening the awareness of new energy in Tateshina Town, Kita-saku County, Nagano Prefecture, study was made of the existence amount of new energy, energy consumption amount in the town, project for the concrete introduction, etc., and a 'new energy vision of the area' was worked out. According to the sample survey, in the energy supply/demand structure of Tateshina Town, electricity was 32.2%, kerosene 23.9%, gasoline 17.1%, light oil 11.2%, heavy oil 10.3%, etc. By sector, the commercial/residential sector was 57.1%, transportation sector 25.9% and industrial sector 17.0%. The demand in FY 2010 is expected to increase by 8.9%-22.0% in FY 2010. For the project on new energy introduction, the following were studied: supply of new energy information, support of the introduction to town people, energy utilization of forest resource, preparation of an eco-museum in the Shin-jin'nai forest park, promotion of the tourism using new energy, study of energy utilization of stockbreeding waste, introduction to administrative facilities, etc. (NEDO)

  4. Survey report on establishing a new energy and energy saving vision in Fukui Prefecture; Fukuiken shin energy sho energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy and energy saving vision in Fukui Prefecture. The energy consumption in Fukui Prefecture for fiscal 1996 was 25242 x 1 billion kcal, being 0.7% of the nation's total consumption. The per capita energy consumption is about a little greater than the national average. The energy consumption structure is characterized by large consumption in the transportation department, especially in automotive consumption. Carbon dioxide discharge is as little as being ranked 13th among all the prefectures in Japan. The availability and usable quantity of new energies in Fukui Prefecture is estimated as 1659939 x 10{sup 3} kWh/year as electric power, 9436 x 10{sup 6} kcal/year as gas, and 3536720 x 10{sup 6} kcal/year as heat. Energies could be saved most greatly by enhancing automotive fuel consumption rate, followed by effects of energy saving activities based on spontaneous action plans established by the industrial departments. New energies selected to be worked on importantly include: solar energy power generation, wind power generation, clean energy fueled automobiles, wastes energy, co-generation and solar heat. (NEDO)

  5. New energy vision for Nomura town. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Nomura town, Ehime Prefecture; Nomuracho shin energy vision. 2000 nendo Nomuracho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    An effort is being exerted to build a town which will generate but a little environmental impact, with symbiosis with nature established as the highest priority target of the town administrative activities. Under the Nomura town new energy vision, a basic policy and measures are established toward the promotion of new energy introduction, with local features, existence of new energy resources, and the feasibility of new energy adoption taken into consideration. Surveys were made and the results are compiled into seven chapters, which involve (1) the trend of new energy, (2) local features, (3) existing amount and available amount of new energy, (4) basic policy toward the introduction of new energy, (5) main projects for the introduction of new energy, (6) details of the basic policy toward the introduction of new energy, and (7) the Nomura Town Deliberation Committee on New Energy Vision Formulation. Chapter (6) covers the assessment of new energy introduction feasibility, promotion of concretized introduction projects, public relations/enlightening/popularizing activities, and assistance for new energy introduction. Studied for introduction are photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, biomass power generation, and the like. (NEDO)

  6. Regional new energy vision for Kobuchizawa Town. Eco-energy town - Kobuchizawa; 2001 nendo Kobuchisawa cho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho. Eco energy town Kobuchisawa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kobuchizawa Town, Yamanashi Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted on the trend of energy consumption in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town consumes 635,021 GJ/year in energy, with the industrial sector consuming 34.6%, the transportation sector 24.8%, the residential sector 21.8%, and the commercial sector 18.7%. The energy sources are electric power, kerosene, LPG, gasoline, gas oil, and heavy oil, as named in the descending order in terms of amount. Studies were made about new energy introduction projects, which included the use of photovoltaic power for outdoor lights, primary schools, nursery schools, the flower park (Fiore Kobuchizawa), mountain huts, and for the Kannondaira sightseeing spot; mini-scale hydroelectric power generation for the maintenance of the Otaki spa and existing water channel utilities; wind power generation for improvement on mountain huts; introduction of clean-energy vehicles; introduction of cogeneration (natural gas); and a business for effectively utilizing biomass. (NEDO)

  7. New energy vision for Ginoza village. Fiscal 2000 survey report on new energy vision formulation project for Ginoza village; Ginozason shin energy vision. 2000 nendo Ginozason shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated for Ginoza village, Okinawa Prefecture, for the realization of symbiosis with nature. It is a 5,000-strong entirely farming village situated along the eastern coast at the middle of the main island of the Ryukyus, with energy consumption of 9,982 kl in terms of crude oil in fiscal 1999. The results of activities in this connection are summarized in six chapters, which are (1) the state of the village and new energy, (2) current state of energy supply/demand and outlook for the future, (3) existing amount of new energy, (4) trends of types of new energy under study, (5) feasibility of new energy introduction, and (6) Ginoza village's new energy vision. Chapter (6) is constituted of the general principles of new energy introduction into Ginoza village and a long-term vision of new energy introduction for each field, and discusses the introducible types which are photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, small scale hybrid power source systems, fuel cells, natural gas fired cogeneration, refuse fueled power generation, and clean energy vehicles. (NEDO)

  8. Museum of water, green and the sun - Marumori. New energy vision of the Marumori Town area; 2001 nendo Marumori machi shin energy vision hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo (Mizu to midori nto taiyo no hakubutsukan Marumori)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    In Marumori Town, Miyagi Prefecture, a 'new energy vision of the area' was worked out which indicated the assessment of the energy reserved in the town and the course of new energy to be determined in the future. The energy consumption amount of Marumori Town in FY 1999 was estimated at 47,535 kL in crude oil conversion. By sector, the energy consumption amount was the largest in the order of the industrial sector, the transportation sector and the commercial/residential sector. The availability of new energy in Maruyama Town was estimated at approximately 480,585 GJ, of which the solar energy utilization was the largest, 53.1%. The photovoltaic power generation was the next largest, 25.4%, followed by the temperature difference energy (underground water), 8.9%, clean energy car, 7.8%, etc. As a plan for the first introduction of new energy, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation facilities to the Marumori Town Office, introduction of new energy to public facilities around the Fudoson Park, introduction of wind power generation facilities to the town-run pasture, construction of the Marumori-type biogas plant, construction of a mini hydroelectric power plant, introduction of clean energy car to public vehicles, introduction of new energy facilities to the area of Kawa-no-Eki (station of the river), etc. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2001 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation at Kyonan Town; 2001 nendo Kyonan machi shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo (Watashitachi ga tsukuru machi, subete ga koen no machi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    A regional new energy vision was formulated at Kyonan Town, Chiba Prefecture, which includes a new energy introduction plan, an action program for the plan, and the like, intended to promote enlightenment/popularization relative to new energy and environmental matters. Kyonan Town consumes 18.69 times 10{sup 10} kcal of energy, with oil accounting for 65.4%, LPG for 6.0%, and electricity 28.6%, the statistics disclosing that the town has an oil-dependent energy consumption structure. The new energy likely to be introduced will comprise 13,574 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in solar energy, 336,187 MWh/year in wind power, 17,170 kWh/year in small-scale hydroelectric power, 0.57 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in refuse fueled power, and 0.60 times 10{sup 10} kcal/year in biomass fueled power. The town's new energy introduction project centers on photovoltaics, passive solar heat utilization, wind power, small-scale hydroelectric power, and aims to introduce the new energies into public facilities such as the Eco Garden and Katsuyama Primary School, and into kindergartens, nursery schools, shopping malls, and so forth. A plan was also worked out for adopting clean-energy vehicles for official use. (NEDO)

  10. Survey report. New energy vision formulation project for Osa Town, Okayama Prefecture; 2001 nendo Osa cho shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    A New Energy Vision was formulated for Osa Town after investigations about energy demand, new energy reserves, and their available amounts. The town consumes approximately 50.6-billion kcal in total, with automobiles consuming a half thereof as fuel. Studies were made about new energy reserves and recoverable amounts in the town, and then an estimation was made that 16.2 times 10{sup 5} kWh/year would be recoverable from photovoltaic energy, 1.58 times 10{sup 5} kWh from small-scale hydropower, 8.79 times 10{sup 6} kWh from ligneous biomass, and 1.96 times 10{sup 5} kWh from livestock biomass, and that 40 MW, for example, would come from wind power, subject to change depending on the wind power generator system to be built. Projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which involved the use of biodiesel fuel for official vehicles, installation of solar hot water showers in primary and junior high schools, application of photovoltaic/wind power to crime prevention lights and street lamps, snow melting systems for roads utilizing geothermal energy, use of heat from thinnings and ligneous waste, wind power facilities, small-scale hydropower facilities, introduction of new energy appliances into sightseeing facilities, and the introduction of photovoltaic power or the like into public facilities. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 2000 regional new energy vision formulation. Financially aided project (Report on new energy vision formulation for Nakijin village); 2000 nendo Nakijinson shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Nakijin village, Okinawa Prefecture, had a population of 9,500 in 1995 and consumed 1.36 times 10{sup 5} Gcal of energy in fiscal 1998. In its regional new energy vision formulation project, the village has made a decision that it study the introduction of wind power and the like to settle problems relating to energy, environments, and population. In the vision, natural energy utilization and environment preservation are chosen as the targets. The results of related activities are summarized in eight chapters, which are (1) outline of the survey, (2) outline of Nakijin village, (3) new energy in the village, (4) survey of people's awareness, (5) policy toward new energy introduction, (6) projects of new energy introduction, (7) study of models of key projects, and (8) measures for vision enhancement. Established as key projects are the use of clean energy in the village sports park, new energy popularization drive with the integrated junior high school at the center, and efforts to activate local industries and invigorate tourist business. It is planned that a 600 kW class wind turbine be installed in the sports park. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 basic survey report for vision formulation. Regional new energy vision for Sabae city, Fukui prefecture; Sabaeshi chiiki shin energy vision. 2000 nendo sakutei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Sabae city, Fukui Prefecture, has worked out a regional new energy vision for which the inhabitants, industrialists, and administrators combined their efforts to build a daily life related culture, friendly to environments and peculiar to the locality. The fruits of their activities are summarized in five chapters, which are (1) the basic philosophy, (2) survey of the amounts of new energy in existence, (3) survey of the amount of energy demanded, (4) various surveys conducted with the participation of the citizenry, (5) and summarization of important topics. Discussed in chapter (2) is the basic policy toward reckoning the amounts of new energy in existence, such as photovoltaic energy, solar heat energy, wind energy, hydraulic energy, temperature difference energy, and other energy resources remaining to be utilized. It states that they, when converted into electric power, 2.0 times 10{sup 8} kWh/year will be available and, when converted into heat energy, 2.92 times 10{sup 11} kcal/year will be available, accounting for approximately 30% of the city's energy consumption. When the energy resources are broken down by type, it is found that solar energy, wind energy, and refuse-derived energy are in existence aplenty. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1995 survey report. Study of new energy vision formulation for Kawasaki City, Kanagawa Prefecture; 1995 nendo Kawasaki shi shin energy vision sakutei kentou chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A survey was conducted of the current status of energy supply/demand, future problems, goals of the energy policy, basic plan, and so forth, for the formulation of a new energy vision for the city. Concerning energy supply/demand, studies were made of each sector, area, and energy source. In the study of energy demand, it was discovered that, although the industrial sector in the coastal region remained important, the residential/commercial sector was gathering weight and that the city was serving as an energy supply base for the neighboring areas. In the study of new energy, it was found that the available amount of solar energy resources was enormous, that the Tama river fresh water and the Keihin canal seawater constituted a promising source of temperature difference energy, and that sewage energy, transformation station exhaust heat, LNG (liquefied natural gas) cold heat, and so forth, were also available as energy sources. Taken up for discussion as possible new energy introduction models were gas engine cogeneration, photovoltaic power generation, district heat supply utilizing temperature difference energy, and so forth. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Yunomae town, Kumamoto prefecture; 2000 nendo Yunomaecho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yunomae town, Kumamoto Prefecture, from the standpoint that local autonomies are required to work out measures compatible with Government energy policies and thereby to wrestle with environmental measures being undertaken across the world. The results of activities conducted for this purposed are stated in six chapters, which cover (1) the meaning of regional new energy vision formulation and its position, (2) outline of Yunomae town, (3) energy and environments, (4) energy situation in Yunomae town, (5) Yunomae town's regional new energy vision, and (6) plans for promoting the embodiment of the vision. In chapter (5), basic policies toward new energy utilization, overall plan, leading projects, and energy conservation measures are stated. The types of new energy taken up for discussion are photovoltaic power, wind power, biomass power, refuse-derived energy, and hydraulic energy. Projects are subjected to study, which relate to photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, small scale hydroelectric power, small scale wind power, and the introduction of clean energy vehicles. It is expected that these projects when carried out will cover approximately 10% of the current energy consumption of the town. (NEDO)

  15. Report on results of the survey for drawing new energy visions for the Town of Shiranuka district; Shiranukamachi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Shiranuka. Utilization of solar energy is at the top of the prospective new energy reserves for the town, followed by utilization of heat of wastes, biomass energy (in the stock raising industry), and photovoltaic power generation. The expected recoverable new energies account for approximately 35% of the total annual energy consumption of the town. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are drawing the priority projects which place importance on environmental education and bringing up talented persons, development of the soft policies for supporting the citizens and related entrepreneurs, and introduction of new energies for promoting new industries. The priority projects include hard ones, e.g., foundation of Eco-school Shiranuka, Eco-park Kushiro/Shiranuka (biomass energy supply center) and Koima new energy park, and soft ones, e.g., establishment of the new energy grand prize awarded by PR brochure ''Shiranuka'', foundation of the Shiranuka fund for introduction of new energies, construction of a Shiranuka Citizens' power station, and rent-a-car project for eco-car test runs. (NEDO)

  16. Survey of regional new energy vision formulation for Shimizu town. Report on initial stage survey; Shimizucho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa. Shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Shimizu town, Hokkaido, is a 11,000-strong town, located in the northwestern part of the Tokachi plains and consuming 1.7 times 10{sup 4} Gcal in energy. Discussion is held for new energy which will make the most of the local characteristics of the town while the basics of town building are considered and confirmed. The results of the survey are summarized in four chapters which are (1) the purpose of regional energy vision formulation, (2) local characteristics, (3) state of new energy in existence, (4) and the course to follow for the introduction of new energy (draft). Chapter (4) is constituted of the purpose of new energy introduction and the basic policy, and the course along which new energy will be adopted. Proposed in relation with the course of new energy introduction are the effective utilization of biomass resources, utilization of cold heat energy (ice) involving agriculture, introduction of a symbolic small scale water energy system, introduction of a symbolic wind energy system, extensive introduction of solar energy, and the deployment of popularizing and enlightening activities. A project is mentioned of experimentally introducing biogas facilities that makes use of farm animals' excretion. (NEDO)

  17. Report for fiscal 2000 on establishment of new energy vision in Fujino Town; 2000 nendo Fujino chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to show specifically the efforts of working on new energies in Fujino Town in Kanagawa Prefecture, the existence quantity of new energies centering on the sun and woods was made clear to discuss the possibilities of utilizing them. Furthermore, investigations were performed on the energy demand and supply structure and possibilities of introducing new energies, and the specific new energy introduction plan was established. The activity achievements were put into order by the following six items: 1) the basic conception of the new energy vision, 2) various conditions of Fujino Town related to new energies, 3) energy demand and supply structure, 4) utilizable quantity of new energies, 5) toward the introduction of new energies, and 6) specific new energy facilities to discuss the introduction. Item 6 includes facilities to be built by defining model areas, facilities to discuss the full-swing introduction into facilities managed by the township, facilities to be discussed of full-swing introduction and to be composed in relation with the overall plan including large size hot water supply devices used at the spa, firewood boilers, a heat recovery system, and a large-scale photovoltaic power generation system. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Kawanabe town, Kagoshima Prefecture; 2000 nendo Kawabecho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kawanabe town, Kagoshima Prefecture, to be participated in by inhabitants and beneficial to both natural environment protection and inhabitants. The results of the survey are described in six chapter which involve (1) the basic philosophy of vision formulation, (2) outline of new energy, (3) environmental characteristics and townspeople's awareness, (4) energy situation and the amount of new energy existing in Kawanabe town, (5) regional new energy vision for Kawanabe town region, and (6) future tasks. After a study of the existing amount of new energy, energy demand, and people's requests, it is concluded that photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, hot spring heat utilization, small scale water energy, and refuse-derived energy be the types to be preferably introduced into the town. Projects are established and concrete plans are prepared thereunder, which concern the reinforcement of public relations and enlightening activities, installation of a wind power system as one of enlightening activities, study of Kawanabe town's own subsidy system for encouraging the introduction of photovoltaic power systems and solar heaters for domestic use, and the introduction of photovoltaic power systems into public facilities such as school houses. In conclusion, it is hoped that, since financial difficulties will be a strong factor to impede new energy introduction, the subsidy system will be a solid one. (NEDO)

  19. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Iwasaki village area; 2001 nendo Iwasaki mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Iwasaki Village, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, introduction of new energy, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Iwasaki Village was 2,845 as of October 2000, which decreased approximately 30% in the past 20 years. The energy demand of the whole village was about 280,000 GJ in amount (about 7,202 kL/y in crude oil conversion), consisting of kerosene, light oil, heavy oil, gasoline, electric power and LPG. As viewed by sector, the rate of energy demand in the commercial/residential sector was comparatively high. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: wind power generation around the Yamamori plain/Iwasaki village office; snow melting system using soil heat exchanger on the road in front of elementary school, photovoltaic power generation for public facilities (elementary and junior high schools/house of recreation and relaxation for old people/day nursery)/Tsugaru Semi-national Park/general houses; wave power generation at the Iwasaki fishing port; introduction of clean energy vehicles to public facilities; utilization of ligneous biomass energy, etc. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Kito village; 2000 nendo Kitoson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kito village, Tokushima Prefecture, in the hope that it will trigger off an effort to build a mentally affluent community. Kito village is a 2,000-strong village situated in a mountainous region, and consumed 1.3 times 10{sup 5} GJ in energy in fiscal 1999. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in four chapters which are (1) the outline of survey, (2) local characteristics, (3) existing amount of new energy, and (4) plans for promoting new energy introduction and energy conservation. Discussed as plans for promoting new energy introduction and energy conservation are a business of commercialization feasibility survey, plot to construct a natural energy operated school building, and a plan for promoting energy conservation. Discussed in relation to commercialization feasibility survey are a small scale hydroelectric power generation utilizing a sand-trap dam, small scale hydroelectric power generation utilizing waste water from a fish farm, regional heat supply business utilizing ligneous biomass, manufacture of ligneous pellet fuel, and so forth. In relation to the promotion of energy conservation, a drive will be launched to positively bring photovoltaic power generation into daily life. (NEDO)

  1. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Yobuko Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Yobuko cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such at Yobuko Town, Saga Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction programs, and a vision was formulated. The demand for energy of the town is estimated at 105,040 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 37% in electric power, 34% in fuel oil A, 13% in gas oil, and 8.1% in gasoline. As for the presence of new energy resources, it is deemed that wind and solar energies will be richly available. Studies were conducted for new energy introduction programs, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a nursing home for aged people, primary and junior high schools, and a water reservoir; street lamps lighted by a hybrid power system and a solar cell clock for the plaza in front of the harbor; introduction of wind power into the little islands of Ogawa and Kabe; installation of a solar energy collector for the nursing home for aged people; and the use of clean energy vehicles for official business. It is estimated that the efforts will bring about a 1,256.6 t-C reduction in carbon dioxide emissions. (NEDO)

  2. Report on new energy vision planning operation at Yachiyo Town; 2001 nendo Yachiyo cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei gyomu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Yachiyo Town in Hyogo Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy consumption of the town, quantity of new energies in existence, and the new energy introduction projects, thus a new energy vision was established. Yachiyo Town consumes energy annually at 99,966 Gcal. By departments, the transportation department accounts for 46%, the industrial department for 24%, the civil household department for 16%, and the civil business department for 14%. By energy types, petroleum accounts for 69%, and electric power for 31%. The new energy introduction projects that have been discussed include introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the town office, public halls, primary and middle schools, and photovoltaic and micro-wind power generation for street lights, photovoltaic and wind power generation in the Garten Yachiyo, a city and farm town culture exchange facility, micro-hydroelectric power generation in Noma River, bio-mass energy utilizing forest resources and fabric wastes, clean energy fueled automobiles as public use cars, school buses and welfare buses, and small wind power and large photovoltaic power generation at Mt. Noma. (NEDO)

  3. Regional new energy vision formulation survey for Makurazaki City. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Makurazaki shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Makurazaki City, Kagoshima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The city's energy demand in fiscal 1999 is estimated at approximately 3,206 TJ, with the industrial sector demanding 1,820 TJ, the residential and commercial sector demanding 701 TJ, and the transportation sector demanding 684 TJ. Energy consuming industries in this prefecture are fisheries industry and food industry. Pilot projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the city hall, primary and junior high schools, a school meal providing center, and a city-managed hospital; installation of hybrid power-lighted light at the city hall, along the Kedo river, and in the Hinokami park; introduction of a solar heat utilization system into a nursing home for elderly people; introduction of wind power into education facilities; conversion of waste of cooking oil into diesel fuel; introduction of clean energy vehicles into public service; and new energy projects to be contracted to the private sector. (NEDO)

  4. Report on investigation of new energy vision planning at Tomi Village; 2001 nendo Tomi son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Tomi Village in Okayama Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy demand, quantity of new energies available, and the new energy introduction projects for the town, thus a new energy vision was established. The amount of energy demand in Tomi Village is 64,261 GJ/year in fiscal 1999. By departments, the transportation department accounts for 45.2%, the consumer department for 28.3% and the industrial department for 26.5%. Energy types are accounted for by petroleum at 87.5%, and electric power at 12.5%. The new energy introduction projects have discussed introduction of photovoltaic power generation system and solar heat hot water making system into nursery schools, primary and middle schools, the public hall, the Tomi Communication Center, the village office, and clinics, small size wind power generation system into primary and middle schools, ligneous bio-mass combustion system and middle size wind power generation system into the camping site, low-drop electric power generation system into Shiraga Valley, street lights powered by photovoltaic and small power wind generation systems, and clean energy fueled automobiles for public use. (NEDO)

  5. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Yamagata city area; 2001 nendo Yamagata machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Yamagata City, Ibaraki Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount of the city, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption of the city in FY 1999 was 178.8 billion kcal in amount and was broken down into 76.5% of petroleum, 18.8% of electric power and 0.85% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption consisted of 37.9% in the transportation sector, 35.2% in the industrial sector and 26.8% in the commercial/residential sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: biomass cogeneration/greenhouse using waste heat from hot spring/photovoltaic power generation/wind power - photovoltaic power hybrid street light/biomass vehicle in the Santanoyu/Eco-Zone formation project; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization to gymnasium of junior high school/multi-purpose cultural center/municipal dwelling house/elementary school/junior high school/central public hall in the new energy project for public facilities; introduction of clean energy vehicle, etc. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 2000 survey report on regional new energy vision formulation for Oki town; 2000 nendo Okicho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Efforts are in progress to build a resource circulation type town symbiotic with natural environments at Oki town, Fukuoka Prefecture, which is an agricultural community where creeks run in every direction. A new energy vision has been worked out for the town, which centers about a plan for building a resource circulation type community. The survey results are summarized in six chapters dealing with (1) the survey outline, (2) local conditions relative to energy, (3) energy supply/demand structure, (4) amount of new energy in existence, (5) records and analysis of inhabitants' approach to energy conservation, and (6) a new energy introduction plan. The new energy introduction plan consists of four items involving a short term plan or a key project, a project for medium/long term surveys or feasibility study for the commercialization of new energy, plans for reducing energy consumption, and so forth. Discussed in relation to the short term plan are the introduction of photovoltaic power generation into public facilities, installation of a photovoltaic power station to be jointly utilized by the inhabitants, establishment of a grant system for the installation of solar water heaters for domestic use, creation of an additional subsidy system for domestic photovoltaic power generation, and the like. (NEDO)

  7. Regional new energy vision formulation for Kadogawa Town, Miyazaki Prefecture. Report; 2001 nendo Miyagi ken Kadokawa cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Kadogawa Town, Miyazaki Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The town's energy demand is estimated to be 1,197.4-million MJ/year, which includes 44.1% for the transportation sector, 22.9 for the residential sector, 22.7% for the industrial sector, and 10.3% for the people's livelihood-related business sector. The energy demand is covered 62.7% by oil-based fuels, 22.7% by electric power, and 13.4% by LP gas. Projects discussed for new energy introduction included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the town office, primary schools, and a comprehensive workers' welfare center; introduction of a solar hot water supply system and hybrid power-lighted street light into a seaside park; introduction wind power into Motoyama Park; mini-scale hydroelectric power on the Isuzu river; introduction of clean energy vehicles into the town office; power generation fueled by methane gas from livestock excrement; and introduction of natural gas fueled cogeneration into a resort house. (NEDO)

  8. Report on an industrial machinery engineering policy study meeting. Studies on new energy industries; Sangyo kikai engineering seisaku kenkyukai (shin energy sangyo no kenkyu) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-07-01

    Effects extended to industrial areas by new energy development were analyzed by using the industrial relation table. Technological development of new energies can mass-produce energy without being restricted by energy resource availability, and retaining manufacturing facilities can exhibit energy reserve function with security. The technologies may be suitable for local energy supply. In the aspects of industrial policies and people's living, demands on diversification and improvement of the people's living may be responded, levels of scientific technologies may be enhanced, and contribution to improving the industrial structure may be expected. The energy industry includes a large number of related industries and has vast related areas. A large number of technology induced effects can be expected in the course of research and development. A market of huge size may be estimated in the future, by which level elevation of the industrial structure would be supported. Early promotion of the new energy development is an urgent assignment for the 1980's. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to promote research and development, proliferation and practical application, for which the physical strength of the present Japan must be utilized to its maximum in making human and fund investments. Expansion and improvement in the industrialization infrastructures are also important, whereas the government's subsidies must be increased, and vitality in the private sector must be incorporated into organized force. (NEDO)

  9. Report on results of the survey for drawing new energy visions for the Town of Hamanaka district; Hamanakacho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Hamanaka, Hokkaido. The town had a population of 7,866 in 1995, which compares with 11,915 in 1960, aging as a whole with reduced number of new born babies. The town has been holding the Japan's top town in tangleweed production and core site in the Kushi-Ne dairy belt. Biomass energy (excreta and woody resources) is at the top of the prospective new energy reserves for the town, which total 88,741Gcal/y, followed by utilization of solar energy and heat exhausted from garbage incineration. The priority projects selected for introduction of new energies include a biogas plant which produces organic compost and biogas energy by anaerobic fermentation of excreta discharged from domestic animals, raw garbage and fishery wastes; system for utilizing waste heat from a stoker type incinerator burning domestic garbage, which satisfies the dioxin emission standard; and system for utilizing low-temperature heat including energy of snow and ice, which uses only a limited extent of the conventional energy and free of chlorofluorocarbon gases. (NEDO)

  10. Report on an industrial machinery engineering policy study meeting. Studies on new energy industries; Sangyo kikai engineering seisaku kenkyukai (shin energy sangyo no kenkyu) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-07-01

    Effects extended to industrial areas by new energy development were analyzed by using the industrial relation table. Technological development of new energies can mass-produce energy without being restricted by energy resource availability, and retaining manufacturing facilities can exhibit energy reserve function with security. The technologies may be suitable for local energy supply. In the aspects of industrial policies and people's living, demands on diversification and improvement of the people's living may be responded, levels of scientific technologies may be enhanced, and contribution to improving the industrial structure may be expected. The energy industry includes a large number of related industries and has vast related areas. A large number of technology induced effects can be expected in the course of research and development. A market of huge size may be estimated in the future, by which level elevation of the industrial structure would be supported. Early promotion of the new energy development is an urgent assignment for the 1980's. In order to achieve this goal, it is necessary to promote research and development, proliferation and practical application, for which the physical strength of the present Japan must be utilized to its maximum in making human and fund investments. Expansion and improvement in the industrialization infrastructures are also important, whereas the government's subsidies must be increased, and vitality in the private sector must be incorporated into organized force. (NEDO)

  11. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Ukiha Town. Fiscal 2001 report (Summary); 2001 nendo Ukiha machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho (Gaiyo ban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For contributing to the preservation of the global environment through new energy application and energy conservation, efforts were made to work out a new energy vision for Ukiha Town, Fukuoka Prefecture. Town's population was 17,482 in fiscal 2000, which showed a tendency to decline slowly. The town demands 158,886 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 56.2% in electric power, 19.5% in gasoline, and 10.5% in gas oil. As for the presence of new energy resources, wind power comes in first in terms of magnitude, and woody biomass energy is also found in abundance since lumbering prospers in the town. Named as candidate projects in the efforts to introduce new energies were the embodiment of practical size wind power systems in the hilly part; heat utilization and power generation using biomass such as scrap wood from lumber mills; introduction of photovoltaic power into public facilities; use of clean energy vehicles by the town office; photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization at welfare facilities and public gymnastic halls; street lamps lighted by hybrid power systems in the shopping area and at the Michinoeki roadside service spot; use of new energies in agriculture; financial aids to encourage photovoltaic power into general residences; etc. (NEDO)

  12. Basic research report for drawing up regional new energy vision (provisional name) for Gunma Prefecture; Gunmaken chiiki shin energy vision (kasho) sakutei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In view of relatively good solar radiation that the prefecture enjoys and of a result of the investigations of this time conducted into the amount of new energy in existence, it is concluded that a fairly large amount of solar energy is collectable as the regional new energy for Gunma Prefecture. As for wind power energy, since there is no proper location in the prefecture where the annual wind speed average of not less than 5m/s is available, the value generally accepted as necessary for wind power generation, it is inferred that conditions in the prefecture in general are disadvantageous when it comes to wind power generation. As for hydraulic energy of small and medium dimensions, a result of the investigations shows that in the prefecture this energy is next to solar energy in terms of the amount expected to be collectable. In this prefecture, the prefectural project bureau makes use of the rich water resources and generates electric power, and supplied approximately 850-million kWh in fiscal 1998. Since it is feared that it will be difficult to find new sites for power generation in the area now remaining to be developed, however, prudence should be exercised in estimating the expected collectable amount of hydraulic energy. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 2000 report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Yoron town; 2000 nendo Yoroncho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yoron town, Kagoshima Prefecture, which will serve as guidelines for building an Environmentally Friendly Island. Yoron town is a town of approximately 6,000 inhabitants as of fiscal 2000, its energy consumption is equivalent to 61,427 drums in terms of crude oil, and it receives electric power from Yoron Power Plant of Kyushu Electric Power Co., Inc. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in seven chapters, which are (1) coping with new energy vision formulation (2), energy supply and demand, (3) estimation of existing amount of new energy, (4) basic policy toward new energy introduction, (5) projects for introducing new energy, (6) existing energy systems, and (7) reference materials. Named as projects are the construction of a water supply power source (for storage pump) for the Furusato district; power source for farmland irrigation pumps; power sources for the integrated sports park and municipal library; power source for a farmyard compost center; wind power, photovoltaic power, and combined power generation facilities for streetlights; and the utilization of bagasse. (NEDO)

  14. Report on regional new energy vision formulation project for Kahoku town, Kumamoto Prefecture; Kahokucho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kahoku town, Kumamoto Prefecture, for the realization of an energy resource circulation type regional community in which people earnestly strive to be symbiotic with nature. The results of related activities are shown in six chapters, which are (1) the prerequisites to the plan, (2) outline of the Kahoku town region, (3) surveys of the existing amount and expectedly available amount of new energy, (4) feasibility of new energy introduction, (5) assessment of new energy introduction plans and their effect, and (6) tasks to discharge, and policies to follow, for new energy introduction. In chapter (5), new energy introduction plans and introduction policies are shown. Plans are made for the incorporation of photovoltaic power facilities, small hydroelectric power facilities, and bamboo chip boilers into public facilities; the installation of 750 kW class wind power facilities; and the adoption of hybrid vehicles to serve as official special vehicles. It is expected that these plans when implemented will bring about a 1,400 t-c/year reduction in CO2 emissions. As for the introduction of wind power generation, the dimensions are determined by taking into consideration the prerequisites to a NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) grant. (NEDO)

  15. Initial-stage research report on business of drawing up regional new energy vision for Shibecha Town; Shibechacho shin energy vision sakutei jigyo chosa shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The vision includes (1) the buildup of foundations for comfortable living circumstances by utilizing new energy, (2) the development of local industries that befriend themselves with nature by utilizing new energy, and (3) the practice of education and training on environment through the intermediary of new energy. Concerning item (1), in the construction of public facilities, residential houses, and roads, all of which constitute the foundations of daily life, plans will be promoted to use energy produced by the utilization of natural energy resources such as solar rays, solar heat, and wind force, and other energy produced by utilizing heat from refuse incineration and heat latent in the sewage, for the establishment of comfortable living conditions with CO2 emissions reduced. Concerning item (2), studies will be made to install biogas-utilizing plants for excrement treatment and recycling in dairy and animal husbandry; and wind power generation and small-scale hydroelectric power generation will be introduced for supplying power in connection with the effort to complete programs for constructing resort country sites and public meadows. Concerning item (3), for the development of the eco-museum concept, new energy facilities utilizing solar rays, solar heat, wind force, etc., will be introduced into school buildings. (NEDO)

  16. Regional new energy vision for Kakegawa City. Formulation survey report; 2001 nendo Kakegawa shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kakegawa City, Shizuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The city consumes approximately 11,638 GJ/year, with the industrial sector consuming 4,896 GJ, the residential/commercial sector 3,608 GJ, and the transportation sector 3,134 GJ. Energy types are electric power, gas oil, heavy oil, gasoline, kerosene, LPG, and town gas, as listed in the descending order in terms of consumption rate. The amount of carbon dioxide resulting from the consumption is estimated at 673,214 t-CO2. Projects for new energy introduction were studied, which involved photovoltaic power generation for the general-purpose gymnasium, kindergartens, the school meal center, and meeting places; introduction of solar heat utilization systems into public facilities; financial support system for the purchase of solar heat utilization apparatuses; refuse-fueled power generation and heat utilization at a new cleaning center; utilization of biogas from garbage and stock raising waste; utilization of woody resources; clean-energy vehicles; and so on. (NEDO)

  17. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Ukiha Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Ukiha machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such in Ukiha Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The energy consumption of the town is estimated at 158,886 drums/year in terms of crude oil - 56.2% in electric power, 19.5% in gasoline, 10.5% in gas oil, 6.9% in kerosene, 4.2% in fuel oil A, and so forth. Projects for introducing new energies were studied, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power systems into public facilities, gymnastic halls, and comprehensive welfare centers; introduction of a large wind power system (1,500 kW) in the vicinity of the Michinoeki roadside service spot; installation of a power plant fueled by woody biomass (scrap wood, saw dust, and the like); introduction of clean energy vehicles for official use; installation of photovoltaic/wind hybrid power-lighted street lamps in the shopping area; installation of light traps for agriculture burned by photovoltaic power; and financial aids for encouraging the installation of photovoltaic power generation systems in general residences. (NEDO)

  18. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Takarabe Town. Report; 2001 nendo Takarabe cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Takarabe Town, Kagoshima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy consumption profile of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The town's energy consumption is estimated at 879.350-million MJ/year, with the transportation sector responsible for 46.6%, the industrial sector for 23.0%, the residential sector for 18.7%, and the people's livelihood-related business sector for 11.7%. Oil-based fuels occupy 70.4%, electric power 18.9%, and LP gas 8.4%. New energy introduction projects were studied, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into the town office; photovoltaic power and hybrid power-lighted light for an oasis-on-the-road project and school facilities; introduction of cogeneration, wind power, and photovoltaic power into a hot spa health center and a water-friendly park; small-scale hydropower in the Okawara valley; wind power generation on Mount Shiraga and Jingaoka; introduction of clean energy vehicles for official use; and compost manufacturing and power generation using livestock waste. (NEDO)

  19. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Genkai town area; 2001 nendo Genkai machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Genkai Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the estimated amount of energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the town in FY 1999 was estimated at 834 TJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 299.31 TJ in the industrial sector, 282.08 TJ in the transportation sector and 252.78 TJ in the commercial/residential sector. By energy source, the rate of light oil was the highest, followed in order by gasoline, electric power, kerosene, LPG, etc. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: preparation of disaster-prevention type photovoltaic power generation at shelter, etc.; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to kindergarten, elementary school, etc.; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to street light, tourist information center, etc.; introduction of wind power generation to public facilities; use of the waste cooking oil made into diesel fuel for official vehicle; introduction of cogeneration to the health welfare hall; solar light/heat utilization system for residential/industrial use; wind power generation business for business establishment. (NEDO)

  20. Report of survey for formulating regional new energy vision for Okuma Town; 2001 nendo Okuma machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Okuma Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town demands 29,769 times 10{sup 7} kcal/year in energy comprising 44.5% for the industrial sector, 31.4% for the transportation sector, and 24.1% for the residential/commercial sector. As for energy source types, 25.7% is covered by electric power, 20.0% by gasoline, 16.2% by gas oil, and 15.3% by heavy oil, with the oil based sources responsible for 71.2%. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power generation for a newly built children's hall, residential complexes, town managed housing, street lights and road signs, and for some other public facilities; introduction of cogeneration into enterprises present in the eastern industrial park and into hotels; and the introduction of natural gas fueled cogeneration. Studies were also made about public information, public relations, and support systems for implementation in Okuma Town. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the project on working out the new energy vision of Hisai City; 2001 nendo Hisai shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Hisai City, Mie Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand structure, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was 21,500 lorries in the industrial sector, 11,200 lorries in the transportation sector, 2,700 lorries in the business sector and 2,400 lorries in the residential sector in terms of tank-lorry loaded oil. As features, the following were cited: growth in the transportation sector, mostly in automobiles, was great; growth in the electric power consumption in the residential sector was great. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were supposed and studied in terms of the economical efficiency and environmental acceptability: introduction of cogeneration to hospital; introduction of ligneous biomass power generation to hospital; substitution of wood burning boiler for A heavy oil boiler for hot water supply use; introduction of photovoltaic power generation for home use and business use; introduction of solar heat use hot water supply device. (NEDO)

  2. Regional new energy vision formulation survey for Ochi Town. Report; 2001 nendo Ouchi cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Ochi Town, Saga Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction programs, and a vision was formulated. The demand for energy of the town is estimated at 613,575 times 10{sup 9} J, with the industrial sector responsible for 47.7%, the transportation sector for 26.6%, and the residential and commercial sector for 25.7%. Electric power, heavy oil, gas oil, gasoline, and kerosene are demanded, named in the descending order in terms of magnitude of demand. Key projects were discussed for new energy introduction, which included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a culture exchange center; nighttime illumination of Mikaeri Waterfall by micro-scale hydroelectric power; installation of a water purification system for the Ikisa Dam using photovoltaic power and micro-scale hydroelectric power; introduction of photovoltaic power into a comprehensive sports park and the Ochi Junior High School; and large-scale agricultural production and processing plant operation using photovoltaic power. (NEDO)

  3. Report on new energy vision establishment project in Higashi Naruse Village area; Higashinarusemura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Higashi Naruse Village in Akita Prefecture. The population of the village is continuing the decreasing trend since 1950 to 3,390 persons as of 2000. The annual energy demand in this village is about 320,000 GJ, accounted for by the consumer department at about 40%, the transportation department at about 36% and the industrial department at about 24%. The carbon dioxide emission amount therefrom is estimated 6,300 t-C annually. The expected usable quantity of new energies in the village would be available, in the decreasing order, in the wind power as the most promising source, forestry bio-mass, snow cold heat energy, agricultural bio-mass, and solar beam (heat). The total quantity would be 514,330 GJ annually in heat utilization, and 85,305 MWh in electric power. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic and wind power generation into Kurikoma Mountain Villa, introduction of wind power generation into the Junes skiing area and Oyanagi Natural Park, introduction of photovoltaic power generation and heat utilization into primary and middle schools, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the village office, and introduction of photovoltaic power generation into general houses. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Shiga village area; 2001 nendo Shiga mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Shiga Village, Nagano Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand in the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount in FY 2000 in Shiga Village was approximately 50.2 billion kcal and was broken down into 54.7% of petroleum, 38.3% of electric power, 6.3% of LPG and 0.75% of others. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: installation of photovoltaic power generation panels to the new office under construction, introduction of photovoltaic power/wind power hybrid power generation to Klein Garten Club House, installation of the solar system to hot spring facilities in the village, project on low-temperature wood drying by smoking using sawdust/wood chips, methanol production using thinnings as raw materials and the use for automobile fuel/cogeneration, methane fermentation from animal feces/house garbage and the use for cogeneration, etc. (NEDO)

  5. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Urugi village area; 2001 nendo Urugi mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it at Urugi Village, Nagano Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of characteristics of the natural environment/characteristics of social economy of the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. Urugi Village is 800 meters above sea level and in the riches of the Nature being surrounded by mountains on all sides. The population of the village was 734 as of March 1993, which is decreasing by 14-15/y. The aging rate was very high, 32.3%. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: 10kW class photovoltaic power generation facilities to be installed at Furusato-kan and by the road of Hiraya Pass, 2.5kW class wind power generation facilities to be installed at Hiraya Pass for education of new energy, installation of a 10kW class mini hydroelectric power plant supplying power to the auto-camping site, stockbreeding biomass cogeneration which conducts fermentation of the methane from animal feces and garbage generated in Urugi Village, ligneous biomass cogeneration, etc. (NEDO)

  6. Report on investigation new energy vision establishment in Zao Town area in fiscal 2000; 2000 nendo Zaocho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Zao Town area in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of Zao Town is 14,240 persons as of 2000, continuing the slow decreasing trend since 1986. The energy consumption is accounted for by the industrial department at about 50% of the total consumption, followed by the transportation department at about 30%, and the consumer department at about 20%. Discussions on the new energy utilization possibility revealed 30,905 MWh annually by photovoltaic power generation, and 34,630Gcal annually by solar heat utilization. Discussions were also given on power wind generation, small to medium hydropower generation, utilization of hot spring heat, and others. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into such public facilities as the public hall and athletic park, private sector operated houses and business facilities, introduction of wind power generation into the surrounding areas of the Zao Heart Land and skiing areas, snow melting utilizing hot spring heat, conversion of the automobiles used in the official organizations into clean energy fueled automobiles, installation of bio-mass plants, illumination of parks and streets utilizing photovoltaic and wind power generation systems, and micro hydropower generation in small to medium size rivers. (NEDO)

  7. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology. Cogeneration; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Cogeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This is a report of 'A data book on cogeneration' surveyed by Japan Cogeneration Center under consignment from NEDO. Together with the advance of technology development, policies of new energy technology are being developed toward the introductory promotion in terms of preparation of subsidy system, field test project, advisory project for support of new energy introduction, etc. To promote the project for introducing/promoting new energy more effectively, it is necessary to arrange various data on new energy comprehensively/systematically and to prepare it as the basic data. Out of the technical fields of new energy, this report deals with the cogeneration field and collected/arranged the most up-to-date published data in terms mainly of a list of system, actual samples of introduction, subsidy system, situation of tackling it in each country, etc. The main items of data included in this report are shown below: (1) trend of cogeneration; (2) outline of system; (3) samples of introduction in Japan and abroad; (4) forecast of introduction; (5) policies on cogeneration in Japan; (6) basic technical terms. (NEDO)

  8. Report for fiscal 1998 on a new energy vision establishment in Yonaguni Township; 1998 nendo Yonagunimachi shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given and establishment was made on the new energy vision at Yonaguni Township in Okinawa Prefecture. The overall image of the new energy introduction vision at Yonaguni Township may be depicted by the wind power generation project to be implemented by the Development Public Corporation, by which megawatt-class wind power generation facilities will be built for effective utilization of the power by the whole island. Surplus electric power generated in a great amount in a certain season will be utilized for high value addition by electrifying agricultural works, expansion in production, (water pumping-up for irrigation, prawn cultivation, and sugar making factories), and melting and volume reducing of refuses. In addition, new type batteries for power storage with large capacity will be introduced to achieve stable power supply and introduce electric vehicles for official use and tourism business. Solar cells and small wind mills subject to stand-alone utilization will be arranged along sightseeing roads in the island, on tourism facilities and sightseeing infrastructural facilities. Careful considerations will be given on introduction and arrangement of the new energies for harmony with scenery of the island. Transmission wires related to the new energy utilization will be laid underground. (NEDO)

  9. FY 2001 report on the results of New Energy Adventure 2001 (advisory project); Shin ene adobencha 2001 (adobaizari jigyo) kekka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of deepening the understanding of new energy by general citizens, 'Clean Energy Festa' was held in Asahikawa city, Hokkaido, Takamatsu city, Kagawa prefecture, and Kamimashiki county, Kumamoto prefecture. The campaign at station was conducted at Yamagata station, Hiroshima station, Ogura station, Takamatsu station, Kobe station and Sapporo station, and the following were also carried out in various places of Japan: new energy lessons, visits to new energy facilities, and delivery of lectures on new energy. The program of Clean Energy Festa included the Dejimon (popular character doll) show, new energy quiz show, exhibition of new energy information and quiz about new energy, solar car workshop for parent/child, exhibition booths prepared by companies, corner for test ride on clean energy car, etc. As to visits to new energy facilities, visits were paid to snow/ice energy facilities, waste fuel production facilities, wind power generation facilities, photovoltaic power generation facilities, etc. Concerning the delivery of lectures on new energy, lectures were given on new energy and global environment, global warming, etc. (NEDO)

  10. Report on the FY 1999 survey for making a data book related to new energy technology development. Trends of solar energy utilization, waste power generation, clean energy vehicle, geothermal power generation, clean coal technology, other new energy technology and new energy technology development; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Taiyonetsu riyo, haikibutsu hatsuden, clean energy jidosha, chinetsu hatsuden, clean coal technology, sonota no shin energy gijutsu, shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kanren doko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The paper collected/arranged the most up-to-date data made public in the new energy technology field. As to the solar energy utilization, the utilization is on the decrease with the beginning of the 1980s as a peak, and the solar systems introduced in FY 1998 totaled 15,000 and the water heaters 56,000. The waste power generation is showing a steady growth both in the general use and in the industrial use, and the introduction of 5 million KW is expected for FY 2010. The sale of the hybrid car started at the end of 1997, and the subjects are the price/performance/fuel supply system. Concerning the geothermal power generation, 497,000 KW and 36,000 KW were introduced for business use and non-utility use, respectively. Japan ranks sixth among nations of the world. Relating to the coal liquefaction, the pilot plant (PP) of Japan's original bituminous coal liquefaction NEDOL process finished operation in 1998, and the construction of technology package, international cooperation, etc. are being conducted. About the coal gasification, the construction of demonstrative equipment and operation are planned during FY 2002 - FY 2007, making use of the PP achievements of IGCC. In regard to the biomass-based waste power generation, the lignocellulose system is large in potential quantity. As to the hydrogen energy, the WE-NET project entered Period II. With respect to the ocean thermal energy conversion, the demonstrative study started. In relation to the wave power generation, a small size of approximately several hundred W was commercialized. (NEDO)

  11. Report on the survey of the project for working out the new energy vision of Shinjo Village. New energy vision of Shinjo Village; 2001 nendo Shinjo son shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shinjo Village, Okayama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the village, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was estimated at 1,442.5kL in terms of crude oil. The rate of energy source was 48% of automobile use fuel, 25% of electric power, 20% of kerosene and 7% of LPG. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: power generation by direct combustion/gasification of wood biomass such as forest trees; power generation/heat utilization using agricultural waste such as rice straw/hull; production/utilization of wood pellet; introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat utilization system to tourist facilities/welfare facilities such as the village office/elementary school/junior high school/michi-no-eki (service area along the road); introduction of clean energy vehicle to tourist resort; introduction of street light with solar panel/wind power generator/storage cell; introduction of micro hydraulic power generation. (NEDO)

  12. Survey and research achievement report for fiscal 1980 on patent and information under Sunshine Program. Survey of information on new energy technology development (Solar energy); 1980 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa (taiyohen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    Solar energy as defined by the United States includes hydroelectric power, biomass, and the ocean. The short-term strategy deals with passive solar air-conditioning, hydroelectric power, and biomass direct combustion. The medium-term strategy involves positive heating and wind power. The long-term strategy covers heat for agriculture, photovoltaic power, and OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion), and the ultralong-term strategy covers power generation in space and photochemical conversion. Canada is behind other countries in the conversion of solar energy into power, and solar energy is used but passively as heat source, this because this country is rich in other resources. In West Germany, solar energy may be exploited for hot-water supply and heating at high latitudes, but it is not likely that it will be used for power generation. Home heating offers some appeal since potential demand for it is great. In Britain, the use of solar energy is not a pressing matter, this because systems for effective use of coal have long been established at homes, society, and industries in this country, rich in coal resources and enjoying oil from the North Sea oil field. France's efforts include biomass exploitation. In its development efforts, importance is attached to home heating, hot-water supply, and biomass. Next comes the conversion into power of solar energy. Photocells are also a subject of research and development. (NEDO)

  13. Survey and research achievement report for fiscal 1980 on patent and information under Sunshine Program. Survey of information on new energy technology development (Solar energy); 1980 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa (taiyohen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    Solar energy as defined by the United States includes hydroelectric power, biomass, and the ocean. The short-term strategy deals with passive solar air-conditioning, hydroelectric power, and biomass direct combustion. The medium-term strategy involves positive heating and wind power. The long-term strategy covers heat for agriculture, photovoltaic power, and OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion), and the ultralong-term strategy covers power generation in space and photochemical conversion. Canada is behind other countries in the conversion of solar energy into power, and solar energy is used but passively as heat source, this because this country is rich in other resources. In West Germany, solar energy may be exploited for hot-water supply and heating at high latitudes, but it is not likely that it will be used for power generation. Home heating offers some appeal since potential demand for it is great. In Britain, the use of solar energy is not a pressing matter, this because systems for effective use of coal have long been established at homes, society, and industries in this country, rich in coal resources and enjoying oil from the North Sea oil field. France's efforts include biomass exploitation. In its development efforts, importance is attached to home heating, hot-water supply, and biomass. Next comes the conversion into power of solar energy. Photocells are also a subject of research and development. (NEDO)

  14. Introduction of new energies that gives vitality to town of Mano, industries, and people. Report on establishment of new energy vision in Mano Town area (Niigata Prefecture); Mano no machi, sangyo, hito ni katsuryoku wo ataeru shin energy no donyu. Manocho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Based on assurance of energy availability in Sado Island, and age advancing of the population, an energy vision was established with the target of building 'Mano Town that seem real to everyone to find it good to live therein'. The population of Mano Town is about 6000 persons, and the energy consumption in total is 22,350 kl/year as converted into petroleum (industries and public sector at 12,162, households at 2,720, and transportation at 7,433). The new energy introduction is divided into three steps of the initial stage, middle stage, and long term stage. The initial stage will execute introduction of photovoltaic power generation into primary schools, promotion of utilization of solar energy at homes, promotion of introducing firewood and chaff boilers, and introduction of cogeneration into Yutoripia Mano. For the middle stage, discussions were given on introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the city office building, manufacture of light oil substituting fuel through rape seed and soy bean cultivation, introduction of hybrid automobiles, and manufacture of pellet fuel by utilizing wood wastes. For the long term stage, discussions were given on wind power generation, and ethanol fuel manufacture. (NEDO)

  15. Report on the initial-stage survey of the new energy vision of the Izumi city area; 2001 nendo Izumi shi chiiki shin energy vision shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Izumi City, Osaka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the structure of energy consumption, existence amount of new energy, subjects in utilization of new energy, etc. The energy consumption amount of the city is increasing mostly in electric power in the residential sector, but is decreasing in the business sector and industrial sector. It is leveling off in the transportation sector, but only the consumption amount of gasoline is markedly increasing. In the potential amount of new energy utilization in the city, the rate of solar energy/clean energy vehicles was high. As a result of the study, the following were made clear: It is effective to introduce new energy mostly used for citizen such as the household use photovoltaic power system/solar heat use hot water supplier/hybrid private car. Of waste energy, wind energy, biomass energy and temperature difference energy, it is effective for city to take the initiative in introducing them. It is effective for city/proprietor to introduce the natural gas cogeneration. (NEDO)

  16. Investigation on initial stage of new energy vision in Izumi-otsu City in Osaka Prefecture. Report for fiscal 2000; Izumiotsushi chiiki shin energy vision shoki dankai chosa. 2000 nendo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With objectives to achieve promotion of new energy introduction with the environment creating city as the basic concept, and to depict the future image of the city energies by clearly showing the way to suppressing environmental load, a new energy vision is being established. Fiscal 2000 has investigated the energy demand and supply conditions and existence quantity of new energies. The investigation results were put into order by the following seven items: 1) summary of the investigation, 2) district characteristics of Izumi-otsu City, 3) investigation on quantity of new energies available in the city, 4) investigation on the energy demand quantity, 5) putting the problems into order, 6) the Citizens' Energy Conference, and 7) summary of the investigation on examples of new energy utilization. Item 3 is composed of the new energies utilizable in Izumi-otsu City, and calculations of existence quantity of new energies that are to be utilized. The utilizable quantity of new energies is 9.9 times 10{sup 5} Gcal/year, which corresponds to about 60% of the energy used in fiscal 1990. (NEDO)

  17. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Canada; 1999 nendo Canada ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in Canada. At the Kyoto Conference for Global Warming Prevention, Canada agreed to reduce gas discharge in 2008 through 2012 by 6% from that in 1990 as the reduction target considered realizable while maintaining the trade competitive power. The Ministry for Natural Resources encourages enhancement in energy efficiency and use of substitution energy resources, and pushes forward the promotion programs. The government imposes the world's most stringent energy efficiency criteria on electric products through the high-efficiency and substitution energy program. In the regenerative energy technologies, the government supports use of regenerative energies from the cost and environmental influence aspects. In the energy development programs, the government supports eleven ministries and agencies for energy related research and development activities. In the regenerative energy development plan, targets are set on promotion of air conditioning and hot water supply systems utilizing such regenerative energies as solar light, biomass, and underground heat. The importance is placed not only on development of new technologies, but also on marketing technologies. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Canada; 1999 nendo Canada ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in Canada. At the Kyoto Conference for Global Warming Prevention, Canada agreed to reduce gas discharge in 2008 through 2012 by 6% from that in 1990 as the reduction target considered realizable while maintaining the trade competitive power. The Ministry for Natural Resources encourages enhancement in energy efficiency and use of substitution energy resources, and pushes forward the promotion programs. The government imposes the world's most stringent energy efficiency criteria on electric products through the high-efficiency and substitution energy program. In the regenerative energy technologies, the government supports use of regenerative energies from the cost and environmental influence aspects. In the energy development programs, the government supports eleven ministries and agencies for energy related research and development activities. In the regenerative energy development plan, targets are set on promotion of air conditioning and hot water supply systems utilizing such regenerative energies as solar light, biomass, and underground heat. The importance is placed not only on development of new technologies, but also on marketing technologies. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2001 report on the initial-stage survey of the project for working out the new energy vision of the Okinawa City area; 2001 nendo Okinawa shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa. shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For working out a new energy vision in Okinawa City, an investigational survey was conducted, as the initial-stage survey, of the state of energy demand of the city, estimated amount of existence of new energy, proposed project (draft) on new energy introduction, etc. The energy demand amount of Okinawa City was estimated at 6,865 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. By sector, it consisted of 41.6% in the transportation sector, 35.6% in the commercial/residential sector and 22.8% in the industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 50.5% of petroleum-base fuel, 31.0% of electric power and 9.5% of LP gas. The expected minable amount of new energy was estimated at 318,513 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y, which is equivalent to 17 x the energy consumption amount/day of the city. As the proposed project (draft) for new energy introduction, study was made of the introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat utilization system to the children future zone park/elementary school/junior high school/kindergarten/public hall, introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle of the city, refuse incineration power generation/utilization of incineration heat at Kurahama sanitary facilities, and others. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the survey on the project for working out the new energy vision of Oyamada Village; 2001 nendo Oyamada mura chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Oyamada Village, Mie Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was 672,289 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y. The rate of energy source was about 27% of electric power and 65% of petroleum-base such as gasoline, light oil and kerosene. The amount of CO2 emitted from these was estimated at 50,333 t-CO2. As viewed by sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 46.7% in the transportation sector, 36.3% in the industrial sector, 9.6% in the residential sector and 7.3% in the business sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: Aoyama Heights wind farm (wind power generation: 700kW x 12 turbines); wind power generation project jointly with citizen; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization to public facilities; greenhouse of Western orchard using waste heat from hot spring, stockbreeding waste utilization project, recycle project for thinnings, introduction of clean energy vehicle, etc. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the Sen'nan city area; 2001 nendo Sen'nan shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Sen'nan City, Osaka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the structure of energy demand, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc. The energy consumption amount of the city in FY 1999 was estimated at 4,971TJ. It consisted of 40.6% in the industrial sector, 29.7% in the transportation sector and 29.6% in the commercial/residential sector. The rate of energy source was 48.8% of petroleum, 32.1% of electric power and 19.1% of gas. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation and solar heat utilization facilities to the city office/elementary school/junior high school/municipal dwelling houses; street light combinedly using photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation; introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle; preferential treatment for introduction of low-emission car for citizen; introduction of natural gas cogeneration and fuel cell to the city office, etc.; introduction of small-size wind power generation/small- and medium-size hydraulic power generation to public facilities, park, etc.; construction of the waste energy utilization system. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1990 technological survey report. Report on NEDO's 10th anniversary international symposium (New energy and global environment); NEDO soritsu 10 shunen kinen kokusai symposium hokokusho. Shin energy to chikyu kankyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-10-03

    Two lectures were given by Christopher Flavin (vice president for Research, Worldwatch Institute Inc.) and Hiroshi Takeuchi (chairman, LTCB Consulting and Research Institute Inc.), and a panel discussion was held by five panelists with Toyoaki Ikuta (The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan) as the coordinator. The themes were 'a sustainable energy strategy for the nineties', 'industrial structure change and energy problem', and 'new energy and the global environment'. The panelists were from Sweden, France, Thailand, U.S.A., and Japan. The main subject was energy security, in which discussion was held on the uneven distribution of oil resources in the Middle East and political instability in the region and on counter measures against global warming problem. The discussion on the latter subject showed that a limitation exists in the total consumption of fossil fuel in the world, and that energy policies were meaningless unless they were on a global scale. As the concrete measures, energy conservation technologies and regenerative energy utilization technologies need to be developed and spread, for which emphasized was the spread on a global scale, namely, the necessity of international cooperation and an international propulsion system. (NEDO)

  3. Report on the survey for working out the new energy vision of the core city/town/village area in the Honjo region; 2001 nendo Honjo chiho kyoten toshi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in the core city/town/village area in the Honjo region, Saitama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption of the area in FY 1999 was 9.8 x 10{sup 15}J in amount and was broken down into 47% of petroleum, 27% of electric power, 9% of town gas and 9% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption consisted of 39% in the industrial sector, 29% in the transportation sector, 23% in the residential sector and 9% in the commercial sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of wind power generation/photovoltaic power generation to municipal office/public facilities/traffic facilities/research facilities/street light/water filtration plant/disaster prevention facilities/residential houses; utilization of biomass like garbage/animal feces/residue from food plant/ligneous waste/thinnings and utilization of fuel cell by biogas; introduction of clean energy vehicle. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1990 technological survey report. Report on NEDO's 10th anniversary international symposium (New energy and global environment); NEDO soritsu 10 shunen kinen kokusai symposium hokokusho. Shin energy to chikyu kankyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-10-03

    Two lectures were given by Christopher Flavin (vice president for Research, Worldwatch Institute Inc.) and Hiroshi Takeuchi (chairman, LTCB Consulting and Research Institute Inc.), and a panel discussion was held by five panelists with Toyoaki Ikuta (The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan) as the coordinator. The themes were 'a sustainable energy strategy for the nineties', 'industrial structure change and energy problem', and 'new energy and the global environment'. The panelists were from Sweden, France, Thailand, U.S.A., and Japan. The main subject was energy security, in which discussion was held on the uneven distribution of oil resources in the Middle East and political instability in the region and on counter measures against global warming problem. The discussion on the latter subject showed that a limitation exists in the total consumption of fossil fuel in the world, and that energy policies were meaningless unless they were on a global scale. As the concrete measures, energy conservation technologies and regenerative energy utilization technologies need to be developed and spread, for which emphasized was the spread on a global scale, namely, the necessity of international cooperation and an international propulsion system. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1998 survey report on the basic study of a possibility of cooperation in new energy technology in China; 1998 nendo Chugoku ni okeru shin energy gijutsu kyoryoku kanosei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The development and utilization of new energy and reusable energy in China have greatly progressed for these 20 years, but it is necessary to further enhance the rate of these energy in the energy structure by heightening the conversion efficiency and reducing the production cost. As to the matured technology, it is necessary to attempt a large scale modernization and form a completed production/service system by making large breakthrough of new technology/new industrial art. For improvement of levels of a lot of new energy technology, emphasis should be placed on international cooperation, R and D, and model business. Together with the introduction of reusable energy such as photovoltaic, wind, geothermal and ocean power, the conventional low efficiency biomass utilization system is converted one after another. The development/spread of clean coal technology are promoted, and the rate of the hydroelectric/atomic power generation is heightened. By 2010, the full-scale application/spread of new energy technology should be advanced, and the technology and production of the world top level should be realized. It is necessary to make the energy consumption clean and promote the continuously harmonized growth of economy, society and environment. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in the U.S.A.; 1999 nendo Beikoku ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy promotion policies in the U.S.A. The ratio of regenerative energies to all energy in the U.S.A. is 10%. On the other hand, efforts are given on marine energy investigations, and to make hydrogen useful as one of the energy sources. The Matsunaga hydrogen research and development act was enacted in 1990, and so was the hydrogen's future act in 1996 to move positively forward the development thereof. The federal government has announced positive use of substitution fuel using automobiles in the presidential ordinance, whereas the ratio of the substitution fuel cars accounted for in those used by governmental organizations is planned to be 75% in fiscal 1999. At the Kyoto Conference for Global Warming-up Prevention, America was obligated to reduce by 2012 the greenhouse effect gas by 7% against the generation in 1990, but it rejected the proposition saying the country is unable to approve it without participation of developing countries. In 1998, America announced the collective national energy strategy, and recommended utilization of regenerative energies to prevent climate changes. In April 1999, President Clinton issued the plan for governmental greening, and ordered suppression of generation of air polluting substances. In August of the same year, a presidential ordinance was promulgated on developing and promoting use of the bio-energies. (NEDO)

  7. Building a network of flowers, green, and ocean. Investigation report on establishment of new energy vision in Wada Town area (Chiba Prefecture); Hana midori umi no network zukuri. Wadacho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With the idea of living together with well-blessed nature placed as the base of building the town, new energy utilization promoting measures were established spanning over ten years starting fiscal 2000. Specifically, the vision was established with the following points as the substance: introduction of new energy technologies into the agricultural and fishery industries as the basic district industry, initiative introduction into public facilities in consideration of repercussion effects brought about by the introduction, provision of energy related information by improving publicity magazines and information technologies, and expanded provision of environmental information collaborated with schools. Specific measures discussed include photovoltaic power generation, utilization of bio-mass energies made available from livestock excreta, and algae, utilization of hydro-energy through the improvement project of the Komukai dam, utilization of wind power energy and ocean wave power energy, and utilization of rape-seed oil as automotive fuel. Such educational activities will also be promoted actively as the setting of economy indexes, assistance to autonomous activities, and holding training meetings, seminars, and experience education class rooms. (NEDO)

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1982 on Sunshine Program. Survey and research on preparation of conditions for industrializing new energy technologies; 1982 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    Examined in this report are problems related to new energy that may arise in the energy supply/demand environment in 1990 when new energy will be introduced. This report consists of Chapter 1 about problems to solve before the introduction of new energy into the fields of industry and transportation, Chapter 2 about the analysis of a model of the supply/demand structure and ripple effects of the introduction of new energy technologies, and Chapter 3 about the analysis of laws and systems for the introduction of new energy technologies. In this research, concrete systems for utilization are presumed, and problems are sought out based on these presumed systems. Several utilization systems for each of the technologies are placed against the demands in the fields of transportation and industry, and problems in presence in this process are sought out, and examined. Viewpoints mentioned below are taken into consideration when seeking out problems. The viewpoints are (1) the establishment of technologies to utilize, (2) problems in the legal system, (3) problems about siting, and (4) problems in accelerating new energy diffusion. Chapters 1 and 2 deal with analyses based on Viewpoint (1), and Chapter 3 deals with analyses into problems sought out based on Viewpoints 2-4. (NEDO)

  9. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Shime town area; 2001 nendo Shime cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shime Town, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the state of energy consumption of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The rate of electric power demand of the town consisted of 44% of the residential sector such as general household, the highest, 30% of the business sector such as business office and 21% of the industrial sector such as plant. The demand from the industrial sector was on the decrease. The sales amount of domestic use gas almost leveled off. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power system to the Shime town office/townspeople center/elementary school/junior high school; introduction of solar heat utilization system to the welfare center for old people; introduction of wind power/photovoltaic power hybrid street light to school road/cycling road/playground; heat pump space heating/cooling using temperature different energy of the water of mine roadway; introduction of clean energy vehicle to the town office; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar heat utilization/hybrid car to general houses. (NEDO)

  10. Reports on 1981 result of Sunshine Project. Research on conditioning required for industrialization of new energy technology; 1981 nendo shin energy gijutsu kigyoka ni hitsuyona joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This research was intended to establish foundation for the coming new energy era, by clarifying all interfering elements and taking counter measures, in further spreading and promoting the new phase of new energy technology development under the Sunshine Project. With the public section as the main body, studies were made in the technological aspect as well as the legal/institutional aspects, and also an investigation was conducted of the cases of introducing new energy from overseas. In the subject research, with 1990 set as the target year, the following examinations were carried out for the purpose of concretely estimating the situation of introducing new energy into the society in Japan at such point in time. The examinations were to study the feasibility of substitution with new energy in fiscal 1990 on the present level of oil consumption; to extract problems on the basis of the results and examining a policy of introducing and promoting new energy; and, to investigate on the spot, as a case study in building a coal liquefaction plant in a coal production area overseas, a relation with the energy policy of the producing country in implementing the overseas operation and importation of liquefied oil so produced, etc. (NEDO)

  11. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Chinen Village area in FY 2001; 2001 nendo Chinen son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Chinen Village, Okinawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the trend of energy consumption of the village, existence amount of new energy, case study for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of Chinen Village in FY 1999 was estimated at 591,935 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y. By sector, the consumption amount in the transportation sector was the highest, approximately 40%, followed in order by the household sector, business sector and industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 49.2% of petroleum, 42.3% of electric power and 8.5% of gas. As the case study for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the village office/Azama Sun Beach/hydroponics/JA branch office/prawn farm, introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the village gymnasium/village drainage pump/refrigerating facilities of the fisheries cooperative association, etc. Further, as the new project, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the agricultural irrigation project/comprehensive sports park, introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the new building of Chinen Elementary School/maker of processed medicinal herbs. (NEDO)

  12. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Germany; 1999 nendo Doitsu ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in Germany. Because of the cold climate condition, eighty percent of household energy consumption is for room heating. Regulations on room heating thermal consumption on new and modified buildings, which were begun in the end of 1979, have accomplished the intended effects. However, the achievements have been deadlocked because of industrial collapse in the East Germany area and the delay in modernizing the prefabricated residential buildings. Because of the current situation in which energy saving is difficult in the consumer department, the federal government has shifted the emphasis to rationalization in the industrial department, which has started voluntary regulation on CO2 discharge. However, no noticeable effects have been seen in the electric power, steel making and chemical industries as have been expected. The limitation in energy saving and the policy of abolishing nuclear power generation on the long term basis (because of safety) have expanded expectation on regenerative energies. The plan calls for bringing up the regenerative energy utilization to 50% ratio by 2050, whereas a utilization promoting program was launched in September 1999. Part of the environment tax (amounting to an annual revenue of 12.5 billion Marks) will be assigned to the financial source for the subsidy measures (1 billion Marks). Legislative amendments are discussed, including review on the electric power purchase law for wind power and photovoltaic power generation systems. (NEDO)

  13. Report on regional new energy vision for Kawara town. Toward the creation of eco-symbiotic community; Kawaracho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho. Kankyo kyoseigata shakai no sozo ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kawara town, Fukuoka Prefecture, in the hope that the industry, administration, and citizenry will be concerned with each other for the realization of an eco-symbiotic community. The fruits of endeavors exerted for this purpose are described in seven chapters, which are (1) the outline of surveys, (2) local characteristics of Kawara town, (3) policy toward introducing new energy, (4) measures for introducing new energy, (5) study of model projects, (6) introduction of new energy into Kawara town, and (7) efforts to realize the introduction. Described in chapter (5) are the introduction of photovoltaic power generation into primary and junior high schools, heat supply business utilizing waste heat from a plant, energy conservation at administration buildings, and the development of an activities program for people to learn energy related matters. Several applications are considered concerning the activities program, dependent upon who are to implement the program: volunteer students, local community leaders, experts, or administration officials. In relation to heat supply business, studies are conducted about the supply of waste heat from a cement plant to public facilities such as the town hall and administration buildings in the form of medium pressure steam or hot water. (NEDO)

  14. FY1998 survey on preparation of data collection related to new energy technology development (cogeneration); 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (cogeneration) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    New energy technologies have had the subsidy institutions established in association with advancement of the technologies, and such introduction promoting measures developed as the introduction assistance and advisory project. To promote this development more effectively, it is necessary that different data related to new energies are put into order comprehensively and systematically to be retained as the basic data. Therefore, this paper collects and puts into order the latest published data on cogeneration from among other new energy technology areas, with main regard to system listing, specific introduction examples, subsidy institutions, and how other countries are working on the technologies. Hydroelectric power generation uses up head energy of water by installing power plants along a river from higher location to lower location. Similarly the cogeneration is a kind of multi-stage energy utilization (cascade utilization) system that uses up energy serially from as high oil and natural gas combustion temperature as 1,500 degrees C or higher down to temperature levels used for hot water supply and air conditioning as low as 45 to 50 degrees C. It generates electric power by using a thermal engine, and utilizes waste heat effectively. (NEDO)

  15. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in France; 1999 nendo France ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies in France. The basic stance taken for the policies is the maintenance of public service in energy fields, diversification of supply systems and valuing the environment, and the responsibilities to the future generations. This course increases the relative importance of regenerative energies. Energy conservation is the most important policy problem on the medium to long term basis. The international commitment of France in dealing with global environment issues is to suppress generation of greenhouse effect gases in 2008 through 2012 to the level in 1990. The amount of gases that will be discharged as anticipated from the current status requires reduction of 16 million tons as the carbon weight. The environment tax was elaborated based on 500 francs per discharge of one ton of carbon, whose introduction has been decided to be made starting 2001. The taxation is estimated to have effect of reducing 6.7 million tons. The reduction is short by 2.27 million tons even if the effects of reduction measures in each sector and of the environment tax introduction are counted. The environment taxation may be made harsher if required, upon ascertaining the people's behavior in energy consumption. Measures to make the discharge right transaction more flexible are not taken into considerations. (NEDO)

  16. Report on new energy vision in Utazu Town area (aiming at building town where people and nature live together); Utazucho chiiki shin energy vision hokokusho. Ningen to shizen no kyoseisuru machizukuri wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Utazu Town in Miyagi Prefecture. The population of the town is decreasing year after year to 5,905 persons in fiscal 1996. The industrial structure has the ratio of primary, secondary, and tertiary industries at 43:26:31 in 1995, wherein the marine products industry is the basic industry. The annual energy consumption of the town in fiscal 1998 is 69,950 Gcal, and is accounted for by the transportation department at 48.8%, the consumer and household department at 29.9%, the consumer business department at 12.4%, and the industrial department at 8.7%. Evaluation on utilizable quantity of new energies revealed 9,925 MWh annually by wind power generation, 1,000 MWh annually by small to medium hydropower generation, 33,033 GJ annually by bio-mass, and 11,565 GJ annually by refuses. The new energy introducing project includes utilization of photovoltaic power generation at the Road Station, the town office, the public hall, primary and middle schools, fishing boats, fishery cultivation and fishing industry, introduction of wind power generation into the Tazukayama sightseeing road, introduction of small to medium hydropower generation into the Harai River dam, introduction of clean energy type community buses, and introduction of cogeneration system to the meal supply center. (NEDO)

  17. Survey report of FY 1996 on the questionnaires related to new energies for local governments in Kinki district; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho (shin energy ni kansuru Kinki chiiki jichitai anketo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The photovoltaic (PV) power generation system having a lot of merits for environment and energy has been put into a diffusion stage from the viewpoint of its technology due to its progressive technology innovation. However, it is not widely diffused in the whole society due to its high cost. Systematic investigation for the future PV power generation was conducted through the verification of factors obstructing the diffusion promotion and the investigation of the problems. Then, questionnaires were conducted for local governments in the Kinki district. Proportion of the local governments positively promoting the introduction of PV power generation was 3.4%. Among new energies, 45.7% of the governments were interested in solar heat utilization, and 43.1% were interested in PV power generation. Proportion of the local governments understanding the subsidy system of MITI was 57.7%. For the explanation meeting of new energy introduction promotion, 55.4% of the local governments wanted to participate. Among the interesting themes, 61.0% were interested in the introduction examples, 52.4% were in the introduction support, 52.1% were in the introduction of fundamental knowledge, and 30.0% were in the latest technology trends and in the guide for introduction

  18. Report on the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the summary of new energy proliferation and promotion policies in Britain; 1999 nendo Eikoku ni okeru shin energy fukyu sokushin seisaku no gaiyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the surveys in fiscal 1999 on the new energy promotion policies Britain. Britain has liberated completely the electric power market in June 1999 subsequently from that for the gas market. In order to share the target of reducing greenhouse effect gases during 2008 through 2012 as committed by the EU in the Kyoto Protocol, Britain has decided officially a 12.5% reduction in June 1998. The climate change tax was proposed in March 1999, and its implementation is scheduled for April 2001. This is a taxation upon commercial and industrial operators (whose carbon dioxide discharge is accounting for 40%), by which annual reduction of two million carbon tons is estimated in 2010. The government has set a target to take care of 10% of the electric power demand by regenerative energies by 2010. This policy is anticipated to be announced by the end of 2000. The EU has moved one step forward for complete opening of the electric power market in 1999, which will be followed by the gas market in August 2000. In addition, a take-off campaign was launched to promote participation and investments into the regenerative energy project. (NEDO)

  19. Report on fundamental surveys for such as cases and effects in relation with development of new energy technologies in fiscal 1999; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu ni kakawaru jirei koka nado kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper describes the fundamental surveys in fiscal 1999 on cases and effects in relation with development of new energy technologies. Among the projects having been performed by NEDO in commemoration of the 20th anniversary of the NEDO foundation, the economic and social situations in the times in which the projects have been carried out with the focus placed particularly on new energies were put into order and analyzed to make clear the positioning of the project significance in the nation's energy policies. In addition, the roles of NEDO were recognized afresh to use them as the fundamental materials to serve for the future policy development. For the past thirty years before and after the oil crises, the time division that can be used universally for the project evaluation was established, based on the trends inside and outside the country, social currents, related indexes, and the status of development execution. Work hypotheses were presented regarding the basic conception in the evaluation, specific evaluation viewpoints, and their contents. Based on the hypotheses, three subjects were taken up as representative cases, that is, photovoltaic power generation, coal liquefaction, and phosphoric acid type fuel cell technology development. Time points that are considered as the important turning points were specified to give evaluations at respective turning points. Analyses were also made on decision making factors for project planning, continuation, direction change, suspension, and completion. (NEDO)

  20. Survey report for fiscal 1998 on the survey on preparation of data collection related to new energy technology development (wind power generation ); 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (furyoku hatsuden) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    As a result of heightening consciousness on assurance of energy security and global environment problems in recent years, it is urged in Japan to promote development of technologies to introduce and proliferate new energies, and work on acceleration of the introduction. On the other hand, in order to move forward effectively the introduction promoting project intended of proliferation and enlightenment, it is necessary to put into order comprehensively and systematically the different data on the new energies, and summarize them as the basic data. This report, focusing on a wind power generation system, collects and puts into order the latest published data on the wind power generation system, placing in the center the introduction examples in Japan and other countries, supporting measures, wind power generation system markets, and the specifications of major windmills. The major contents may be summarized as follows: significance of introducing the wind power generation system, the current status of the market, policies in different countries, status of introducing the system in other countries, subsidy institutions for the introduction, the introduction flow, efforts made by government related organizations and local governments, a list of window offices of the related corporations, the fundamental knowledge, and the movements in 1998. (NEDO)

  1. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology. Wind power generation; 1999 nendo shin energy gijjtsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Furyoku hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of systematically arranging the data on new energy, this paper focused on the wind power system and collected/arranged the most up-to-date published data on the wind power system, mostly in terms of samples of introduction in Japan and abroad, supporting plans and policies, market of the wind power system, specifications for the main wind turbines, etc. This report included the following: (1) Quantity of introduction of wind power system. (2) Targeted quantity of introduction of wind power system in Japan and abroad. (3) Policies on wind power system in Japan and abroad. (4) Sales of wind power system. (5) Cost of introduction of wind power system. (6) Effects of introduction of wind power generation. (7) Trend of technology development/subjects on technology development/problems on introductory promotion. (8) Outline of wind power system. (9) Predominant trends of wind power generation in Japan. (10) List of the persons to contact enterprises related to wind power generation. (11) Quantity of wind energy existing in Japan. (12) Specifications for wind turbine by power generation scale. (13) Method to calculate power generation cost of wind power system. (14) Explanation of basic technical terms. (15) List of the related rules as to introduction of wind power generation. (16) Publications relating to wind power generation. (NEDO)

  2. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Kamoto Town area. Feasibility study; 2001 nendo Kamoto machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo fijibiriti hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the realization of 'the introduction of biomass of animal manure/garbage,' an important item in 'the new energy vision of the Kamoto Town area (Kumamoto Prefecture),' a feasibility study was conducted. For the resource retrieval of animal manure, etc., only composting is generally conducted. In this project, however, two projects are combinedly conducted: project for producing biogas (main component: methane gas) and liquid fertilizer and project for producing compost. The project pursues the reduction in running cost by self-sufficiency of energy and the environmental preservation by recovery of methane gas. The plant for producing biogas and liquid fertilizer consists of garbage crusher, storage tank, anaerobic fermentation tank and generator. The plant for producing compost consists of solid liquid separator, fermentation tank, agitator and smell remover. In the feasibility study, the following were carried out: study of the establishment of specifications/selection of the necessary conditions for a plant tentatively named the Kamoto Town Biomass Center, study of the proposed site for plant, survey of the financial plan, survey of the operational system, study of the project promotion system, etc. (NEDO)

  3. Report on the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1987. Investigative studies on arranging commercializing conditions for new energy technologies; 1987 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The present investigative studies are intended to propose measures of arranging conditions required to commercialize new energy technologies and introduce them into societies. The investigative studies will begin in the current fiscal to put into a complex the new energy industrial plants and the existing different industrial plants. There is a viewpoint that, when structuring specifically a business entity on coal liquefaction processes, some kind of complex is required as seen from the scale and economic performance of the business. Based on this viewpoint, the current fiscal year has carried out the studies placing the importance on technological feasibility for forming a complex with petroleum refining, iron and steel making, chemical and electric power generation industries. The model coal liquefaction plant uses the NEDOL method as the process, and establishes specifications for commercial size plants. The complex formation was discussed with the commercial scale of a coal liquefaction plant assumed to be 30,000 tons per day as the coal treatment quantity and 100,000 barrels per day as the product quantity converted into refined coal liquefied oil. As a result, a conclusion was drawn that, when the complex formation has been done successfully, an attractive business pattern may be formed although some problems may exist. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1998 annual report on the compilation of the data related to new energy technology development. Photovoltaic power generation; 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Taiyoko hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The data, centered by those related to generation of photovoltaic (PV) power as one branch of new energy, are collected and systematically compiled under the following fields. (Significance of adopting PV power systems) describes, e.g., CO2 reduction effect and energy pay-back time for different customers, i.e., nation, local governments, industries and individual households. (Present status of solar cell markets) describes solar cell production by region, cell technology and industry; shipments by application; production values; and prices. (PV system policies overseas) compares the policies of the industrialized countries for PV power systems with those of Japan. (Introduction of PV power systems overseas) compares situations of various countries in PV power system introduction with those of Japan with respect to estimated quantities of PV systems installed and target quantities. (Financial supports for PV power system installation) describes subsidies, tax benefits and loans adopted in Japan. Other items covered herein include transition of PV-related budgets, flow of PV system introduction, measures taken by central and local governments, and contacts for PV-related enterprises. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1999 research report. Data collection for development of new energy technology (Photovoltaic power generation); 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (taiyoko hatsuden) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As a part of systematic data preparations on new energy technology, this research aims at collection and analysis of data on domestic and overseas applications, diffusion targets, concrete examples, policies, laws, subsidy systems, and the latest technology development trends of photovoltaic power generation, and at preparation of its basic data through integration and systematization of the collected data. The research items are as follows: domestic and overseas applications, diffusion targets, concrete examples, policies, laws, subsidy systems, productions of solar cells, typical photovoltaic power generation costs, trial calculations of CO{sub 2} reduction in photovoltaic power generation, technology development trends, technology development issues, issues for faster diffusion, configurations and conceptual charts of photovoltaic power systems, and major domestic and overseas trends. As a supplement, domestic and overseas manufacturers of solar cells, and manufacturers of photovoltaic power systems are listed with their addresses. The solar cell production capacities of major countries are also arranged. (NEDO)

  6. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology. Fuel cell; 1999 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa hokokusho. Nenryo denchi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To proceed with the systematical arrangement of the new energy related data, this survey collected the data relating to fuel cells, and systematized them with the aim of making a data book related to fuel cells. Further, fuel cells are still developing, and therefore, the trend of development in this one year was roughly seen to make it the data toward the future development. This data book is composed of Part 1 (the world development trend in FY 1999) and Part 2 (data book). Part 1 was divided into the fixed power system (Chapter 1), fuel cell vehicle (Chapter 2), and selection of fuel (Chapter 3). The book has a big feature that the selection of fuel was added as an individual chapter, which is a difference from that of FY 1998. In the description of the developmental trend of fuel cell vehicle (FCV) in Chapter 2, the results of the present development and the trend were described in line with the subjects in achieving the commercialization of FCV. Part 2 is a data book which indicates the state of technology development of each of various fuel cells such as actual results of the demonstrative operation of fuel cells in Japan and abroad. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2000 Drawing new energy vision for Town of Setana. Report on results of the survey for construction of floating windmill; 2000 nendo Setanacho shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho. Yojo fusha kensetsu jigyoka chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The survey/study is conducted for the project of constructing floating windmill as the new energy vision for the Town of Setana district, Hokkaido, and the FY 2000 results are reported. Wind power density is 581.7W/m{sup 2}, as revealed by the surveys on wind conditions, which by far exceeds the manual standard of 215W/m{sup 2} at a height of 20m, suggesting that the site is very promising. The windmill capacities investigated are 600 and 1,200kW class for the unit to be connected to the distribution system, and 1,500kW class for the one to be connected to the special, high-voltage transmission system. The 1,200kW class unit can annually produce power of 4,780MWh, based on the average wind velocity, which corresponds to 34.1% of the annual consumption in the town. The economic studies indicate that construction of 2-600kW class windmill units on the dolphin base at the immediately back of the breakwater is most economically advantageous, at a construction cost of 575 thousand yen/kW, which translates into a power production cost of 13.24 yen/kWh, based on interest rate of 4%/y and service life of 17 years. The project will be feasible when NEDO supports half of the project expenses, because the cost would be reduced to 7.16 yen/kWh, which is below the price. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1998 survey report. Survey to prepare a data book related to new energy technology development (Trends on the waste power generation, solar heat utilization, geothermal power generation, clean energy cars, coal liquefaction/coal gasification and new energy); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (haikibutsu hatsuden, taiyonetsu riyo, chinetsu hatsuden, clean energy, jidosha, sekitan ekika gas ka oyobi shin energy kanren doko)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Together with the progress of technology development, policies for the introduction/promotion of new energy technology are being developed such as promotion of the commercialization development, revision of the law system, and expansion of the subsidy system for promotion. To push the introduction/promotion forward more effectively, it is necessary to arrange various kinds of data comprehensively/systematically and to make them the basic data for contribution to the spread/education. As to the six fields of the waste power generation, solar heat utilization, geothermal power generation, clean energy cars, coal liquefaction, and coal gasification of the technology fields of new energy, this report collected/arranged the data made public recently in terms mainly of the following: trends of the introduction in Japan and abroad, policy/law/subsidy system in Japan and abroad, cost, system outline, basic terms, a list of the main affiliated companies and groups, and the nation's outlook for energy introduction and policies of each new energy technology in Japan and abroad, and the trends. Moreover, characteristics by field were described of the state of the commercialization/introduction of new energy technology. (NEDO)

  9. Survey report on the status of new energy in the U.S. On-site research centering on fuel cell, hydrogen energy, and wind energy (4th World Energy Engineering Congress); Beikoku shin energy jijo chosa hokokusho. Nenryo denchi, suiso furyoku energy wo chushin to suru jicchi chosa (dai 4 kai World Energy Engineering Congress)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-02-01

    A survey group dispatched by the New Energy Industrial Forum technical development committee conduct researches into the status of technologies in the U.S. relative to fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and wind energy. The group also attend the 4th World Energy Engineering Congress. As for the research and development of the phosphoric acid fuel cell, it is undertaken by the United Technology Corporation, Westinghouse Electric Corporation, and the Engelhard Corporation, each having its own peculiar technologies and thereby avoiding competition with others in one and the same domain. As for the molten carbonate fuel cell, the Argonne National Laboratory is entrusted with the control of technology development, and the Laboratory in turn requests the United Technology Corporation and Westinghouse Electric Corporation to develop technologies and systems. As for the solid oxide fuel cell, the Westinghouse Electric Corporation is entrusted with its development through the intermediary of the Argonne National Laboratory. As for hydrogen energy, the General Electric Company and Westinghouse Electric Corporation develop hydrogen production systems and the Brookhaven National Laboratory develops hydrogen storage systems using metallic hydrides. As for wind power generation, a Bendix-made 3,000kW wind power plant is visited and discussion is held on it. (NEDO)

  10. FY 2000 report on the survey of policies on cooperation in new energy/energy conservation for developing countries by developed countries/international organizations. Survey of collection/analysis of information on effective energy utilization, etc.; 2000 nendo senshinkoku kokusai kikan no tai tojokoku shin energy sho energy kyoryoku seisaku ni kakawaru chosa hokokusho. Energy yuko riyo nado joho shushu bunseki chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Looking for measures for cooperation in effective energy conservation for developing countries, the paper arranged characteristics of the policies, systems and organizations in relation to energy conservation/new energy policies in developed countries and international organizations excluding Japan. Concretely, survey was made of the following 5 fields: 1) new energy cooperation (project) for developing countries by developed countries and international organizations excluding Japan; 2) outline of activities by aid giving organizations; 3) energy conservation policies of developing countries and cooperation of developed countries and international organizations; 4) policies of new energy introduction in developed countries; 5) study to reinforce cooperation for helping developing countries by Japan and developed countries/international organizations excluding Japan. In 1), survey is composed of case study of the main project and study of the outline of activities by aid giving organizations. The activities by the following aid giving organizations were surveyed: the World Bank group, International Finance Corporation (IFC), United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the European Committee and the Asian Development Bank (ADB). (NEDO)

  11. Survey report on the status of new energy in the U.S. On-site research centering on fuel cell, hydrogen energy, and wind energy (Westinghouse Electric Corporation); Beikoku shin energy jijo chosa hokokusho. Nenryo denchi, suiso furyoku energy wo chushin to suru jicchi chosa (Westinghouse Electric Corporation hen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-02-01

    Under the auspices of the New Energy Foundation and the New Energy Industrial Forum technical development committee, a survey team is sent to the U.S. and conducts investigations there about fuel cells, hydrogen production, wind power generation, etc. Visited in the U.S. are the Advanced Energy System Division of the Westinghouse Electric Corporation. As for the phosphoric acid fuel cell, research and development is under way so that two 7.5MW demonstration plants will start service operation by 1987. As for the solid oxide fuel cell, a performance test has completed for a 15-cell model, and a life test is now under way. There is a plan to construct a 500kW plant in 1988. In the production of hydrogen by means of the sulfur hybrid decomposition process, a laboratory model with a capacity of 2L/min was built in 1978, and a life test is now under way for the constituent materials and catalysts. In the field of wind power, the Westinghouse Electric Corporation has developed a 200kW generator, which is now in operation in Mexico, Puerto Rico, Rhode Island, and Hawaii. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey for a data book on new energy technology development. Waste power generation, solar energy utilization. geothermal power generation, clean energy vehicles, coal liquefaction/gasification, and traverse themes; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (haikibutsu hatsuden, taiyonetsu riyo, chinetsu hatsuden, clean energy jidosha, sekitan ekika gas ka oyobi odanteki theme)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper collected and arranged data on new energy technology. As to the waste power generation, in terms of general waste, 161 places have power generation facilities, 657,000 kW in output, as of the end of FY 1996. Out of them, 100 facilities (scale of output: 555,000 kW) are selling power. In terms of industrial waste, 53 places (209,000 kW) have power generation facilities. The output will be 2 million kW in FY 2000. In relation to the solar energy utilization, the number of solar systems introduced in FY 1996 is 25,000, that of water heating appliances produced in FY 1996 is 170,000. Geothermal power of 494,000 kW and 37,000 kW was introduced for electric power industry use and private use, respectively. Clean energy vehicles have not been so much spread, but the hybrid car was put on sale in 1997. Concerning the coal liquefaction, the R and D were made at a pilot plant of NEDOL process, and operation started in 1997. As to the coal gasification, investigational study and element study on the demonstration plant are being conducted in FY 1997 and 1998, making use of the research results obtained from the existing pilot plant of coal gasification combined power generation

  13. FY 2000 report on the survey of new energy policies by developing countries. Survey of collection/analysis of information on effective energy utilization, etc.; 2000 nendo tojokoku no shin energy seisaku ni kakawaru chosa hokokusho. Energy yuko riyo nado joho shushu bunseki chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of effectively introducing technologies for new energy/energy conservation in developing countries, the paper arranged the policies, systems and organizations in relation to new energy in developing countries. Survey was made of the following two fields: 1) new energy in developing countries; 2) situation of new energy introduction in developing countries (India, Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia, the Philippines and China). In 2), about India, for example, survey was made on the following: outline of the new energy policy, regulation for new energy promotion and law specifying concrete measures, departments in charge/promotion organizations for new energy, system and setup for new energy promotion, numerical target of new energy introduction, support from developed countries including the E.U. and the U.S. and the effects, support from international organizations including the World Bank and UNDP and the effects, the country's main industries related to new energy, the government's policy for the domestic production, outline of the use of India's biomass project, etc. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1998 survey report. Feasibility study of the new energy introduction/spread policy application (Study of the model project conception using natural energy utilization technology); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy donyu fukyu hosaku tekiyo kanosei chosa (shizen energy riyo gijutsu wo katsuyoshita model jigyo koso no kento)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This survey clarified the problems about that consumers and various kinds of group do not come to tackle independently and positively the use of natural energy and the solutions, and studied the necessity of the model project to enlighten the society on those concretely and widely. The model project conception is to spread/settle various kinds of natural energy by making them linked with the regional economic growth and resource/environment problems in a community with a regional autonomous body as a unit. There, new incentives to be made toward the promotion/spread of natural energy are presented such as the construction of an energy self-supporting society which is closed-cycle by using various kinds of energy combinedly and compositely, the formation of ideas for adding values except kWh value to electric power generated by natural energy, etc. Besides, about the conception of model project, the training facility function and demonstration exhibition function for the purpose of education/enlightenment are also added in consideration of the importance of natural energy that general citizens should feel close to themselves. (NEDO)

  15. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-entrusted research and development. Survey and research on patent and information (Survey of new energy technology development information - Hydrogen and other energies); 1981nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa seika hokokusho. Suiso sonotano energy hen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Surveys are conducted and the results are reported on the development of technologies in the U.S., Canada, Britain, West Germany, and France, for hydrogen energy, and for wind power, biomass power, marine power, wave power, etc. In the U.S., development funds are being introduced by the Government into wind power systems since 1975, and part of the power is utilized in the fields of agriculture and power supply business. The task is now being transferred from the Government to private sector businesses. Probabilities are that hydrogen will not be an important source of energy in the U.S. In the Province of Ontario, Canada, where there is surplus electricity, people have a great interest in the development of hydrogen energy, and there is a task force to discuss hydrogen energy. As for wind power, it is already in the realm of practical application. In Britain, wind power is expected to come into practical use very early, and the first practical plant will begin its service operation by 1984. As for the study of tidal power, however, it is narrowed down to a project at the mouth of the Severn river. As for hydrogen energy, the research remains at the basic stage, and the energy enjoys but a low precedence. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Survey of preparation of energy consumption index for Asian region and of prediction of amount of new energy to be introduced; 2000 nendo Asia chiiki no energy shohi koritsu shihyo no sakusei to shin energy donyuryo no yosoku ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For Japan whose domestic reduction of greenhouse gas emissions is but limited, an approach to the problem with emission tradings and CDMs (clean development mechanisms) taken into consideration is necessary, and improvement on energy consumption in the Asian region as a whole is indispensable. From this viewpoint, countries in Asia who might be candidate importers of Japan's technical assistance were selected, and their energy conservation potential and farming village electrification potential were investigated. Covered by the survey were China, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, and India. Investigations were conducted into the fields named below, and the results were grouped into the same. The fields were (1) economic growth and energy supply/demand in the Asian region, (2) energy conservation in the Asian region, (3) electrification of farm villages in the Asian region, (4) cost analysis for farm village electrification in the Asian region, and (5) simulation of new energy introduction. The results show that there is a great difference between the seven countries in all the five fields. (NEDO)

  17. FY 2001 report on the new energy vision of the Ishigaki City area. Survey for working out 'the project for the introduction of biomass energy in the central urban area of Ishigaki City'; 2001 nendo Ishigaki shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    Study was made of potentialities of the project of 'an energy supply system for biomass energy using business-derived raw refuse' indicated in 'the new energy vision of Ishigaki City, Okinawa Prefecture.' The amount of the recovered business-derived raw refuse was set at 5.6t at the minimum as against the discharged amount of 8t, and it was calculated that the amount of the biogas generated from the high temperature methane fermentation would be 757.7 m{sup 3}/d. The amount of the suppliable energy calculated from the above was 1,102.4 kWh/d in gas engine. Further, as to the energy demand, supposing the energy demand in large-scale hot bath facilities using salt as a resource of the area, it was calculated that the energy demand would be approximately 1MWh/d altogether with that in the biogas plant. As a result of the study of profitability of the project, the following was found out: it takes 25 years to recover the invested capital in the case of carrying out the biogas plant project alone and 18 years to recover it in the case of carrying out the hot bath facility project alone. In the case of carrying out both projects as one, it takes 18 years to recover the invested capital, the same as in the case of carrying out the hot bath facility project alone, but a great shortage from 6 years to 3 years is shown of the period required to get out of the cumulative deficit. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Development of energy use rationalization-oriented silicon manufacturing process (Survey and study of analysis of commercialization of solar-grade silicon material manufacturing technology); 2000 nendo shin energy sangyo gijutsu sogo kaihatsu kiko kyodo kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika silicon seizo process kaihatsu (Taiyodenchiyou silicon genryo seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kaiseki ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The trend of technology development, problems harbored therein, trend of the market, and the like were investigated for supporting the development of technologies for the mass production and commercialization of solar-grade silicon materials. Concerning the future of production enhancement and cost reduction in the manufacture of polycrystalline silicon solar cells, studies were made from the technological viewpoint. The results are shown below. It is estimated that approximately 4,500 tons of material silicon will be necessary in 2005 and 6,500-10,700 tons in 2010. Since the melting purification method of NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) now under development step by step toward commercialization as well as the conventional source will provide the necessary amount of material silicon, it is inferred that the development of solar cells will go on without any restraint originating in the semiconductor industry. With the commercialization of the technologies so far developed and the development/commercialization of the fast-acting high-performance solar cell technology, probabilities are high that the polycrystalline silicon solar cell manufacturing cost in 2010 will be as low as to be on the 100 yen/W (93-118 yen/W) level which is the level now held up as the goal. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Development of energy use rationalization-oriented silicon manufacturing process (Development of silicon substrate manufacturing technology for high-quality solar cell); 2000 nendo shin energy sangyo gijutsu sogo kaihatsu kiko kyodo kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika silicon seizo process kaihatsu (Kohinshitsu taiyodenchiyou silicon kiban seizo gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development was conducted for enhancing productivity and energy conservation by rendering continuous and automatic the electromagnetic casting process for manufacturing polycrystalline silicon substrates for solar cells. In the manufacture of ingots for substrates by continuous electromagnetic casting, the chuck type system for feeding power to the melt plasma was replaced by a roller type system, and the power feeding position was moved to the high temperature region. Also, an on-line ingot slicing technique was established. In the manufacture of substrates at a slicing rate of 300 {mu}m/minute, productivity of 115,000 wafers/month, yield of 98%, and thickness tolerance of 30 {mu}m were achieved. A high-speed cleaning technique was developed using a jet stream, by which the cleaning time was reduced to 5 minutes and the slurry recovery rate was elevated to 95%. Based on these, substrate-related costs in the case of 100 MW/year production was calculated, which resulted in a cost of 98.8 yen/wafer (target: 103.3 yen/wafer) for manufacturing 15 cm square substrates from ingots and in a 15 cm square substrate slicing and cleaning cost of 135.1 yen/wafer (target: 135.4 yen/wafer). (NEDO)

  20. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978. Surveys and studies on patents and information (Surveys on information about new energy technology development); 1978 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu joho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-03-01

    This paper describes the surveys on information about new energy technology development in fiscal 1978 in the Sunshine Project. The present fiscal year performed the surveys on the United States and France as the main subjects. For the solar energy development in the United States, surveys were made on power generation using solar heat, solar cells, difference in ocean temperatures, satellites, biomass, and solar energy air conditioning systems. Geothermal energy development was also surveyed. For coal energy, surveys were done on coal liquefaction, gasification, high-temperature gas turbines and MHD power generation. The U.S. energy policy has various kinds of cards. For the solar energy development in France, heat conversion and photo-cell conversion systems were surveyed, while the authorities take development promotion measures on solar heat conversion system under the judgement that this is the only contributor to the new energy development. Surveys were performed on trends in biomass as the biological energy conversion means of the solar energy. Geothermal energy is being advanced of development following that for the solar energy. Surveys were made also on power generation systems using wind power, wave power and difference in ocean temperatures. This paper dwells also on waste heat utilization, cogeneration, and heat pumps as examples for energy conservation means. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1985. Surveys and studies on arranging commercializing conditions for new energy technologies (a summarized version); 1985 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Yoyakuhen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-01

    The purpose of the present surveys and studies is to discuss positioning of new energies for the case of forming the energy mix for Japan, and measures to arrange the conditions to have the positioning take roots in the society. One of the assignments in the discussion is to propose a system intended of improving the economic performance and of harmonizing with the existing energy systems, by establishing an adequate hybrid system composed of new energies and the existing energies. The current fiscal year will propose a hybrid system for manufacture or composite utilization of 'new synthesized fuels'. Another assignment is to discover a method to analyze quantitatively and evaluate how much the energy supply security in Japan will be improved, what the economic performance would be, and how the improvement effects will relate with cost of developing the new energies as a result introducing the new energies into the society. This fiscal year will analyze the importance of the evaluation factors themselves that make it possible to analyze such a dynamic change as oil crisis, and evaluate effects caused by fluctuation in crude oil price, effects on energy consumption and environment, and the energy mix. (NEDO)

  2. Shin Splints

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... dancers and military recruits. Medically known as medial tibial stress syndrome, shin splints often occur in athletes who ... and might progress to a stress reaction or stress fracture. When to see a doctor Consult your doctor ...

  3. Report on investigation of new energy vision at Hamanaka Town area. Investigation theme 'Investigation on commercialization of bio-gas facility at Hamana Town'; 2001 nendo Hamanaka cho chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou chosa hokokusho. Chosa tema Hamanaka cho baiogasu shisetsu jigyoka chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    In the 'new energy vision at Hamanaka Town area' planned in the previous fiscal year, investigations and discussions were given on commercialization of the 'bio-gas plant (joint type) utilizing livestock excreta, kitchen refuse, fishery-based wastes, dairy factory washing sludge, and sewage sludge'. The investigations were carried out for the joint type bio-gas plant on the local citizens' intention and participation, examples in Europe, examples in Japan, introduction of overseas examples of technological levels of the plant to be introduced, operating conditions of factories in Japan, and systems to be employed. In addition, discussions were given on economic evaluation on the business, and the nuclear organization of the business and operation, and effects of promoting the business. Issues in promoting the business included the fund supporting policies, assurance of operation rates in the severely cold season, maximization of electric power and thermal efficiencies, assurance of kitchen refuse resources, assurance of commission expense in the revenue aspect, assurance of major stockholders in the operating organization, assurance of the systems in the operation aspect, stocks of the new company to be possessed by Hamanaka Township residents, and acquisition of performance guarantee. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the results of the fiscal 1997 R and D under consignment from NEDO of photon measuring/processing technology (development of high-efficiency production process technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku photon keisoku kako gijutsu (kokoritsu seisan process gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Development is made of high energy-efficiency laser processing technology and high efficiency/high grade photon generation/control technology as laser light source, for the purpose of energy conservation/efficiency heightening of production processes which require a large amount of energy such as welding, joining, surface treatment, and particle fabrication. As to keyhole dynamics of the molten metal generated on the laser weld, construction of simulational mathematical models was started. Equipment to fabricate semiconductor ultrafine particles which become the core of quantum dot functional structures was designed to fabricate particles. In-situ optical measuring technology was studied of element/size of particles of below 30 nm in size by emission spectroscopy associated with the plasma irradiation. As tightly focusing all-solid-state laser technology, studied was the wavelength conversion method in which harmonics are generated four times as much as the fundamental wave due to high efficient generation of high power UV laser. Also studied were high laser strength, low optical losses, conditions for fostering high homogenity crystals. Technology for high accuracy processing of element surface was established. High efficiency photon generation technology was comprehensively investigated. 140 refs., 276 figs., 46 tabs.

  5. Tohoku Town developing with new energy. New energy vision of the Tohoku town area; 2001 nendo Tohoku machi chiiki shin energy vision. Shin energy de hiraku Tohoku machi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Tohoku Town, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the potential utilization of new energy, etc., and a vision was worked out. The population of Tohoku Town was 10,662 according to the results of the national census taken in 2000, which is slightly decreasing. The energy consumption amount of Tohoku Town was estimated at 280,977 Gcal/y, and the consumption of fossil fuel in the commercial/residential sector stands out. This is because a lot of kerosene is consumed in the area where it is cold. As measures to be taken for the new energy vision, the following were cited: initiative introduction of new energy to public facilities/preparation of a system toward the promotion of introduction, supply of thermal energy to townspeople/creation of the living environment using new energy, new energy use to activities of agricultural production/energy use of stockbreeding resource/energy use of forestry resource/potential study of the wind power generation, spread/education for townspeople/proprietors, preparation of places of bodily sensation/exchanges of new energy, training/support of activities of townspeople themselves, etc. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1997 report under consignment from NEDO on photon measuring/processing technology (development of power generation facility use high-function maintenance technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku photon keisoku kako gijutsu (hatsuden shisetsuyo kokino maintenance gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A research/development was conducted on technologies of photon applied measuring/photon applied processing/photon generation which are usable for heightening of reliability and maintenance efficiency of power generation facilities. In fiscal 1997, high melting-point metal particles were manufactured by high energy density laser for formation of high temperature and stabilized fine functional circuit. Further, a wavelength changeable ultra red laser light source was studied which can make in-situ measurement of gas concentration and components. A study was also made to examine the surface composition by measuring fluorescent X-rays emitted by radiating high intensity laser beam on the surface of material. A rod type and a slab type as a high-output complete-solidified laser are under development. There is also a development aiming at high speed/high quality photon processing such as high speed/high precision welding/cutting and laser joining. Besides, a study is being made of high energy pulse/high quality beam complete-solidified laser. The paper made a comprehensive survey of the trend of the photon measuring/monitoring technology, and made a systematical arrangement of the developmental subjects extracted. 142 refs., 357 figs., 62 tabs.

  7. Research report of FY 1997 on the industrial science and technology development. Technology development of super-metal (technology development of nano-amorphous structural control materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku seika hokokusho. Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (nano-amorphous kozo seigyo zairyo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research and development of the innovative metals have been conducted, by which the weight reduction of members can be done by drastically improving the strength compared with conventional metals. For the high-rate cluster deposition and super plastic forming technologies, research and development of aluminum-based light-weight materials have been conducted, which provides excellent strength, toughness, and super plastic formability at room temperature. For the high-density energy utilization and control technology (amorphous-A), super-metals have been investigated as high dew point and corrosion resistance materials used for waste incinerators operated under the very severe conditions. These are expected to be applied to the apparatuses and equipment due to their excellent properties. For the controlled cooling technology (amorphous-B), super-metals with excellent soft magnetic characteristics and degree of shape freedom have been investigated for high performance and high efficiency devices including electric/electronic/communication devices, power transmission devices, and various industrial devices and parts. These are expected to contribute to the creation of new markets and the improvement of international competitive force. 123 refs., 160 figs., 33 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D under a consignment from NEDO of the environment friendly type production technology. High-functional chemical synthesis bioreactor (for public); 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Kankyo chowagata seisan gijutsu (kokino kagaku gosei bioreactor) kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of developing production technology of chemical substances which are resource conservative, energy saving and less in environmental loads, a R and D was conducted of a high-functional chemical synthesis bioreactor. The paper reported the results of fiscal 1996. As for proliferation control breeding technology, relating to the switch control technology of proliferation related genes by regulatory factors, the effectiveness on an incubator level was demonstrated, and at the same time improvement of reactor performance in using this technology was studied on paper. As to the manifestation control breeding technology, the actual design of the development of manifestation promotion technology by bent DNA, etc. was proceeded with, and at the same time the following were commenced: selection of bent DNA, confirmation of bent characteristics, and work of vector construction using candidate bent DNA. Further, the simple assessment system of manifestation vectors was constructed. In the development of bioreactor system technology, the actual design was started of the two-stage culture continuance system which separated proliferation and enzyme production. 48 refs., 41 figs., 6 tabs.

  9. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). The R and D aims at establishment of observation/manipulation technology of atoms and molecules as common basic technology in various industrial fields such as new material, electronics, bio-technology and chemistry. The R and D thus aims at establishment of observation/manipulation of solid surfaces and DNA organic molecules, formation of fine structures of atomic surface arrangement, and calculation/ simulation for predicting a reaction theorem of atom and molecule surfaces. In fiscal 1997, research was made on improvement and development of computer simulation environment, and description of an excited state of electrons by Green function. Establishment of a construction method and computation code is under investigation for pseudo- potential dependent on excitation energy. Survey was made on research trends of the atom technology by visiting overseas academic societies and institutions. International Symposium on Atom Technology was also held in Tokyo in Nov. 1997

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the introductory R and D of the New Sunshine Project under a consignment from NEDO. Introductory R and D of the supercritical fluid use technology; 1997 nendo `New Sunshine keikaku` sendo kenkyu kaihatsu Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Chorinkai ryutai riyo gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The R and D of chemical reaction using supercritical fluids started in fiscal 1997. In the R and D of solvent reaction, as the research on polymer decomposition with supercritical water, studies were conducted of the mechanism of conversion reaction to chemical materials, cleavage mechanism of stable chemical bonds, and synthetic reaction in the supercritical state reaction field. In the research on oxidation reaction, as the study of complete oxidation in supercritical water for high efficiency energy recovery, studies of complete oxidation of liquid fuels, and complete oxidation of solid fuels. In the research on hydrogenation, studies of lightening of heavy oil in supercritical water, etc. In the R and D of the basic technology, studies of corrosion mechanism of metals in supercritical water, construction of the basic framework for technical database of supercritical fluids, etc. In the survey of technical trends and new research themes, the introductory R and D of element technology, etc. were conducted, and the results were described of the survey of technical trends and new research themes and the trend survey of overseas technology. 314 refs., 87 figs., 81 tabs.

  11. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D under a consignment from NEDO of the technology to fix and effectively use carbon dioxide using bacteria and microalgae (for public); 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku (saikin sorui nado riyo nisanka tanso koteika yuko riyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of contributing to the solution to the global environmental problem, a technology is developed in which by searching for/breeding/developing bacteria, etc. which conduct photosynthesis highly effectively, CO2 is fixed and recycled. The fiscal 1996 R and D is outlined as the utilization of bacteria, microalgae, etc. Obtained were microalgae exceeding the conventional strains in CO2 fixation ability, and bacteria/microalgae excellent in production of polysaccharides, hydrocarbon, lipid, biological active substances, etc. The fundamental study was continued of CO2 integrated enzyme function/reaction system as molecular biological breeding. In the cell fusion, a set-up of conditions for green algae was started. For the confirmation of performance of high dense/quantity culture technology using solar light, further improvement of performance and systematization, 200L scale testing equipment was manufactured. It is a collective reactor and enabled study of ventilation/agitation and control of light strength. A reactor analysis model was constructed. Also including the conversion into useful substances, energy/material balance was systematically studied. Collection of technical literature and information exchanges were made in Japan and overseas. 276 refs., 475 figs., 156 tabs.

  12. New energy vision of the Tono City area; 2001 nendo Tonoshi shin energy vision. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    As a leading plan to reconsider the resource consumption in large quantities and to change the society to a circulation type, a new energy vision of the Tono City area was worked out in Tono City, Iwate Prefecture. In this vision, FY 2002 was set as the first fiscal year, and FY 2010 as the target year. From the comprehensive judgement based on the objective availability, technical evaluation, civic needs, etc., biomass energy, wind energy, solar energy, etc. were made the main energy in new energy introduction. As model projects, studied were the introduction of solar energy utilization facilities to Kamigo Elementary School, introduction of the photovoltaic power generation to Aozasa Nursery School and disaster prevention base facilities, project on the wind power generation using large wind turbines, biomass alcohol plant, wood pellet production, etc. The target amount of new energy introduction was 2,640 kW in photovoltaic power generation, 19,000 kW in wind power generation, etc. The CO2 reduction amount including that in heat utilization, clean energy car, etc. was 41,374 t-CO2/y. (NEDO)

  13. Regional new energy vision formulated for Murakami City; 2001 nendo Murakami shi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo. Murakami shi shin energy puran

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Murakami City, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy consumption in the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The annual energy consumption of the city is estimated at 78,000 kL in terms of oil. The residential/commercial sector consumes 24,000 kL, the industrial sector 28,000 kL, and the transportation sector 26,000 kL, with the three sectors demanding similar amounts. The carbon dioxide emitted by the sectors is estimated at 223,000 t-CO2/year. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included hot water supply, heating, road heating, and power generation, all these utilizing heat from the Senami hot spa; biogas fueled power generation and BDF (bio-diesel) bus operation in the Senami hot spa district; the introduction of a hybrid wind power/photovoltaic power generation system into Ogata Seaside Park; the introduction of a mini-scale hydroelectric power generation system into the Kamikaifu district; a large-scale wind power generation business at the Iwafune district; the introduction of wind power and photovoltaic power generation facilities into primary and junior high schools; the use of clean energy vehicles for official use; and so forth. (NEDO)

  14. Regional new energy vision for Soryo Town, Hiroshima Prefecture; 2001 nendo Soryo cho chiiki shin energy vision. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    A regional new energy vision was formulated for the town for 'contributing to the solution of environmental problems' and 'contributing to the reenergization of the regional community through utilizing resources in the region.' The final energy consumption of the town is 103,315 times 10{sup 3} MJ, with the transportation sector accounting for a percentage higher than the nation-wide average. The town is characterized in that it has but a small number of manufacturers, offices, or stores. As for new energy, it was estimated that 9117 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year would be gained by methanol produced from cultured weed, 5696 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year by medium/small-scale hydropower generation, 5,233 times 10{sup 3} MJ/year by photovoltaic power generation, and so forth. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included medium/small-scale hydropower generation at a counter dam; the introduction of photovoltaic power into principal public facilities, general households, and agricultural facilities; introduction of solar heat appliances into principal public facilities and general households; introduction of clean energy automobiles into the town office and general households; and the introduction of pellet-fired stoves into principal public facilities and general households. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1996 project on the modeling for effective energy consumption in developing countries under a consignment from NEDO. Recent on the results of the demonstrative study on scrap preheater of electric furnace in the iron making process (for public); 1996 nendo hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka model jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Seitetsu katei ni okeru denkiro no genryo yonetsu sochi ni kakawaru jissho kenkyu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Indonesia is the biggest iron steel producing country in the ASEAN countries. Most of the production is produced by the electric furnace method in which iron steel scrap is used as a material. However, an energy saving measure in this method, the electric furnace scrap preheater using flue gas, has not yet been spread on a full scale. This R and D is aimed at developing jointly with Indonesia an electric furnace scrap preheater for medium/small size electric furnaces which are adoptable to the present iron making situation in Indonesia and installing it to the electric furnace of the iron making plant in Indonesia for a demonstrative study on energy saving, etc. Spread/expansion of the electric furnace scrap preheater which is an excellent energy saving system targeted expansion of energy saving technology not only of Indonesia, but of ASEAN countries and Japan. In this fiscal year, remodeling of part of the system was made by change of flue gas flow for increasing the energy saving effect, and at the same time, a research study was made of a scrap reheater effective as a total system. Moreover, the paper investigated technical data/information in Japan and overseas. 3 figs., 9 tabs.

  16. FY 1997 new energy data book; 1997 nendo shin energy data shu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-07-01

    In relation to the new energy the use of which is promoted by New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), this book arranged the information on the technical trend and legal system. It includes the following items: (I) New energy general (classification of new energy, forecast of energy supply/demand, cost and outlook for the introduction of new energy technology (new power generation), menu of buying the surplus electric power from electric power company, main subsidy systems for spread/promotion of new energy in Japan, policy/law/subsidy system related to introduction of new energy overseas, list of organizations for new energy technology development). The items of individual explanation of new energy are as follows: situations of the introduction in each country, situation of the introduction in Japan, policy in each country, subsidy system, present market situation, economical efficiency, etc. The following new energies were studied: (II) Photovoltaic power generation. (III) Solar energy utilization. (IV) Wind power generation. (V) Fuel cell. (VI) Waste power generation. (VII) Cogeneration. (VIII) Unused energy. (IX) geothermal power generation. (X) Clean energy automobile. (XI) Coal liquefaction/gasification. (XII) List of the outline of policies concerning new energy, energy conservation and reduction of environmental loads. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 new energy data book; 1998 nendo shin energy data shu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    In relation to the new energy the use of which is promoted by New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO), this book arranged the information on the technical trend and legal system. It includes the following items: (I) New energy general (classification of new energy, forecast of energy supply/demand, cost and outlook for the introduction of new energy technology (new power generation), menu of buying the surplus electric power from electric power company, main subsidy systems for spread/promotion of new energy in Japan, policy/law/subsidy system related to introduction of new energy overseas, list of organizations for new energy technology development). The items of individual explanation of new energy are as follows: situations of the introduction in each country, situation of the introduction in Japan, policy in each country, subsidy system, present market situation (photovoltaic power generation), list of names/telephone Nos. of the related companies, and economical efficiency (solar heat utilization). The following new energies were studied: (II) Photovoltaic power generation. (III) Solar energy utilization. (IV) Wind power generation. (V) Fuel cell. (VI) Waste power generation. (VII) Cogeneration. (VIII) Unused energy. (IX) geothermal power generation. (X) Clean energy automobile. (XI) Coal liquefaction/gasification. (NEDO)

  18. Regional new energy vision for Fukuoka city; Fukuokashi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Fukuoka city, Fukuoka Prefecture, which will serve as a basic guide to the promotion of new energy introduction which is one of the measures for coping with environmental problems. The vision is described in five chapters of (1) the local characteristics of Fukuoka city, (2) energy situation in Fukuoka city, (3) basic program, (4) high priority plans, and (5) efforts to enhance the vision toward realization. Discussed as high priority plans are the introduction of new energy into public buildings above all others, high efficiency utilization of refuse-derived energy, utilization of new energy at water supply and drainage facilities, utilization of water temperature difference energy, introduction of clean energy vehicles, promotion of a new energy industry, and the extension of assistance for encouraging citizens and industrialists to adopt new energy. In extending assistance for encouraging the introduction of new energy, studies are made about measures for introducing new energy into individual residences and about a citizenry-involving new energy adopting industry (offering a site to the power generation industry) under the basal conditions that information be supplied sufficiently and that the citizenry and administration cooperate with each other in driving forward the vision. (NEDO)

  19. New energy vision of the Kosaka town area; 2001 nendo Kosaka machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Kosaka Town, Akita Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project on new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The amount of energy demand of the town was 2,442,464 GJ/y. The energy demand consists of C heavy oil (about 1/3) and electric power (about 1/3) in the industrial sector, which are outstanding, and others including kerosene (about 12%) in the commercial/residential sector and light oil (about 10%) and gasoline (about 7%) in the transportation sector. The CO2 emissions from these are 60,000 t-C/y. As the project on the new energy introduction, study was made on the introduction of solar energy/snow cold energy space cooling to the insurance welfare center/interchange center, introduction of the photovoltaic power generation to the Korakukan area/elementary school/junior high school, introduction of the snow melting system using soil heat to town street/sidewalk, use of clean energy vehicle to public vehicle, use of ligneous biomass energy, etc. (NEDO)

  20. Regional new energy vision for Sakurae town; Sakuraecho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The town is situated in a mountainous region typical of the Iwami district, Shimane Prefecture, rich in natural energy resources with as many as four hydroelectric power stations in service. Such local features were taken into account fully when a regional new energy vision was formulated for showing the town the course to follow for promoting the introduction of new energy which is environmentally friendly. The results of related efforts are described in eight chapters, which are (1) the outline of the vision, (2) survey of the trend of new energy, (3) description of Sakurae town, (4) townspeople's awareness of energy matters, (5) rate of energy consumption, (6) available amount of new energy, (7) basic policy for introducing new energy, and (8) projects for introducing new energy. Part (8) covers a photovoltaic project, wind power project, ligneous biomass energy introduction project, and the introduction of clean energy vehicles. Under the ligneous biomass energy introduction project, business profitability is discussed of a scrap wood fueled power plant. (NEDO)

  1. New energy vision in Iwaizumi Township area; 2000 nendo Iwaizumicho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Iwaizumi Township area in Iwate Prefecture. The heat energy consumed by each household in Iwaizumi Town is 20.5 two-hundred-liter drums, while transportation (railways, buses, trucks and private cars) consumes 12.2 drums annually, and the electric energy field 4.7 drums annually. As the town as a whole, the ratio of utilization as heat energy is relatively high. Therefore, new energy introduction should be focused importantly on use of solar heat hot water supply device and high-level utilization of forestry fuels. The new energy introduction project includes introduction of bio-mass energy to produce heat energy and electric power using livestock excreta, cut woods, thinned woods, and kitchen refuses as the resources, structuring a new energy model for the 'Communication Land Iwaizumi', activation of the central urban area by introducing micro hydropower generation, assistance to proliferation of new energies to town-operated houses, households, and business entities, introduction of new energies into the disaster prevention center, schools, and insurance, medical and welfare facilities, introduction of clean energy automobiles, and uplift of consciousness of town people. (NEDO)

  2. New energy vision of the Gotsu city area; 2001 nendo Gotsu shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Gotsu City, Shimane Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at 1,558,022 Gcal. By sector, the energy consumption amount consisted of 80.0% in the industrial sector, 11.2% of in the transportation sector, 5.8% in the residential sector and 3.0% in the business sector. In the industrial sector, the main energy consumption industries were the paper manufacturing industry and tile industry. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: project for the wind farm where a lot of wind power generators are installed; park as a symbol having 1 or 2 wind power generators; introduction of solar energy use water warmer/photovoltaic power generation to public facilities; system for promotion of the introduction of solar energy use water warmer/photovoltaic power generation to households; project on CO2 reduction by installation of LNG station; refuse/waste power generation project; project on utilization of the waste heat from tile makers. (NEDO)

  3. New energy introduction vision in Chiba Prefecture; Chibaken shin energy donyu vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on establishing a new energy introduction vision in Chiba Prefecture. The basic conception for new energy introduction regarded important the handling of global environment problems, improvement of the global environment, enhancement in energy security, and assurance of the regional performance of disaster prevention. New energy introduction is thought making it possible to create attractive urban spaces, make living environment more agreeable, and promote and breed new industries including the eco-business. Important measures may include the followings: introduction of new and economic energies in multiple ways for individual buildings and facilities, development of environment symbiotic cities utilizing new energies, improvement of region symbiotic cities in industrial zones, effective utilization of energies from wide-area refuses and wastes, establishment of an urban type cleaning plant that utilizes effectively energies from general wastes, new energy utilization in coordination with agricultural activities, utilization of new energies in fishery industry areas, and expansion in use of clean energy fueled automobiles including natural gas fueled automobiles. (NEDO)

  4. New energy vision in Mobara City area (Chiba Prefecture); Mobarashi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With the saying {sup M}obara, you find good when you live in it' as the target, the 'new energy vision for Mobara City area' was established. The vision is intended to utilize natural gas existing around the city, and utilize energy saving and new energy technologies. Specifically, the vision was established by a discussion committee composed of people of experience and academic standing, related business entities, and organizations, who took into consideration the natural environment, status of energy existence, and economic activities. The activity achievements were put into order by the following seven items: 1) the situation surrounding new energies, 2) district characteristics and viewpoints of introducing new energies, 3) energy demand, 4) existence quantity of new energies, 5) actual status of new energy introduction, and result of hearing investigations, 6) directionality and conception of introducing new energies, and 7) specific project objectives related to new energy introduction. Five projects were set up, including introduction of natural gas fueled automobiles, natural gas utilizing cogeneration and fuel cells, and effective utilization of wastes and bio-mass. (NEDO)

  5. New energy data handbook. Fiscal 1999 edition; Shin energy data shu (1998 nendo ban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Enumerated concerning new energy in general are the classification of new energy; prospect of energy demand and supply; cost of new energy; policies, laws and regulations, and subsidy systems for new energy in Japan and abroad; etc. Concerning photovoltaic power generation, the introduction of photovoltaic systems, policies toward photovoltaic systems, subsidy systems, the current state of market in Japan and abroad, etc., are mentioned. Similar data are also listed about solar heat exploitation and wind power generation. Concerning fuel cells, the phosphoric acid fuel cell demonstration plant and the result of its operation, the state of development achieved so far in the molten carbonate type, the polymer electrolyte type, and the methanol type are stated. In addition, details are mentioned of refuse-fueled power generation, co-generation, energy remaining unexploited, geothermal power generation, clean energy vehicles, coal liquefaction and gasification, etc. (NEDO)

  6. New energy introduction guidebook for Chugoku area; Shin energy donyu guidebook. Chugoku chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-05

    A guidebook was edited for the purpose of assisting introduction of new energies. Sections consist of Section 1, new energies available in the Chugoku area; Section 2, procedure for new energy introduction; Section 3, assistance institutions by energy; and Section 4, the status of new energy introduction in the Chugoku area, the future introduction targets, and referential materials. Section 1, upon defining the new energies, summarized features of photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, wastes power generation, cogeneration, fuel cells, clean energy fueled automobiles, and introduction records up to the year 2000. Section 2 summarizes the general roles of local governments in the introduction, processing procedures for individual programs, related regulations, and summary of the assistance institutions. Section 3 puts into order the assistance institutions by energy. Section 4 summarizes precautions, targets and records in introduction by each new energy. The referential materials include a list of the Japanese assistance institutions, and subsidy institutions related to new energies for local governments in the Chugoku area. (NEDO)

  7. New energy vision of Oshimizu Town; 2001 nendo Oshimizu machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Oshimizu Town, Ishikawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount of the city, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was 3.02 x 10{sup 11} kcal, out of which electric power was 1.53 x 10{sup 11} kcal, petroleum 1.33 x 10{sup 11} kcal, and LPG 1.59 x 10{sup 10} kcal. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the general center/Oshimizu Junior High School/general household; solar energy utilization for the general center/general household; introduction of wind power generation to the Azuma Line of forest road; biomass power generation project using cattle feces/hog feces; RDF project for waste from Oshimizu Town; introduction of clean energy vehicle (hybrid car/electric car). The amount of new energy introduction from these was estimated at 1,716kL in crude oil conversion, which is equal to 5.3% of the energy demand amount. (NEDO)

  8. Regional new energy vision for Hita City; 2001 nendo Hita shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Hita City, Oita Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy supply/demand trend in the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and a vision was formulated. The city's energy consumption is estimated at 16,216,376 GJ, with the industrial sector responsible for 78.23%, the transportation sector for 11.35%, and the residential and commercial sector for 9.73%. It is in the public sector, general households, forestry, and hog raising that new energy will be utilized. Key projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which covered a residence incorporating a combination of new energies such as solar heat for water heating and photovoltaic power; lumber drying facilities utilizing forestry generated biomass; cogeneration fueled by methane gas from livestock excrements and garbage; photovoltaic power for schools, the city office, etc.; use of photovoltaic power, temperature difference energy, and methane gas at purification centers, etc.; use of clean energy vehicles for official use; etc. (NEDO)

  9. New energy vision of Kanazawa City; 2001 nendo Kanazawa shi shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Kanazawa City, Ishikawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the city, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the city was approximately 42 million GJ. The amount of CO2 emitted from this was estimated at approximately 880,000 t-C. The rate of energy source was 65.3% of petroleum-base energy, 24.7% of electric power and 10.0% of gas. As viewed by sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 38.1% in the commercial/residential sector, 32.2% in the transportation sector and 29.7% in the industrial sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of wind power generation to the sport recreation zone of the mountain area; introduction of natural gas cogeneration to the city hospital; introduction of hydroelectric power generation using the idle head of filtration plant; utilization of the sewage heat and sewage digestion gas at the water quality control center, introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to park light/school, etc. (NEDO)

  10. Regional new energy vision for Aogaki town; Aogakicho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated as part of Phase 4 of the Town Development Program of Aogaki town, Hyogo Prefecture, calling for 'building a town, comfortable to live in and full of hope, by utilizing rich natural environments.' The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in five chapters, which are (1) the description of the new energy vision, (2) Aogaki-town's energy characteristics, (3) basic plan, (4) driving forward of prioritized plans, and (5) toward the driving forward of the new energy vision. Chapter (4) comprises the goal of the formulation of the prioritized plans, the definition of the prioritized plans, and the establishment of individual projects. Established as the individual projects are the introduction of new energy linked to the inhibition of carbon dioxide gas emissions, use of wind energy for multiple purposes, public facilities preceding others in the introduction of new energy, building of environmentally symbiotic residences utilizing new energy, utilization of new energy at recreation facilities, and the popularization of and enlightening about new energy and its introduction through the participation of the local population. (NEDO)

  11. New energy vision of the Yokohama town area; 2001 nendo Yokohama machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Yokohama Town, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the structure of energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, introduction of new energy, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Yokohama Town was 5,508 as of October 2000, which is slightly decreasing. The number of household was unchanged, though. The amount of energy demand was estimated at 21,368 kL/y in crude oil conversion. The energy demand consisted of petroleum-base energy such as kerosene, light oil, heavy oil and gasoline (about 70%), electric power (20%) and LPG (10%). In the action plan for new energy introduction, the following were studied: wind power generation of which the plan has already been worked on by a private company (15 x 1,750kW class generator), introduction of the photovoltaic power generation to Yokohama Junior High School, hothouse vegetable cultivation using exhaust heat from hot spring, and 'Yokohama Rape Blossoms Eco Project' that mainly includes the agricultural land protection/oil squeezing from rapeseed/recycle of waste cooking oil as fuel, for which rape blossoms as one of the most important resources in Yokohama Town are used. (NEDO)

  12. New energy vision of the Ehime prefecture area; 2001 nendo Ehime ken chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the contribution to environmental preservation and stable supply of energy, 'a new energy vision of the Ehime prefecture area' was worked out which is to be a guide for new energy introduction using photovoltaic power, wind power, etc. In the Uma area, the following were proposed: introduction of waste energy cogeneration to the paper manufacturing industry; study of introduction of small wind turbine to household and business establishment. In the Niihama/Saijo area, introduction of cogeneration to business establishment; creation of the processing/assembly industry for materials/parts of equipment of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation. In the Imabari area, introduction of natural gas cogeneration to business establishment, creation of the industry for equipment/parts of photovoltaic power generation. In the Matsuyama area, introduction of cogeneration to business establishment; utilization of biomass energy; creation of the industry of production/processing of resin for solar module use. In the Yawatahama/Oozu area, utilization of wind energy for agriculture/forestry, fisheries and tourism fields; study of introduction of biomass energy. In the Uwajima area, utilization of wind power energy for agriculture/fisheries, fisheries and tourism fields; introduction of biomass energy. (NEDO)

  13. New energy vision of the Akita city area; 2001 nendo Akita shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Akita City, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project on new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The population of Akita City was 317,868 as of December 31, 2000, which is continuously on the increase. The amount of energy demand of the whole city was 990,000 kL/y. The energy demand consists of fossil fuels such as petroleum, coal and propane gas (77.7%) and electric power (22.3%). The CO2 emissions from these are 2,908,000 t-CO2. As the project on the new energy introduction, study was made on the installation of the photovoltaic power system and wind power system at base centers and introduction of the waste power system at the Goshono Works. As the model project, study was made on the introduction of the photovoltaic power generation and wind power generation to street light and public facilities, road snow melting/space heating and cooling using soil heat, introduction of clean energy vehicles, BDF introduction using waste cooking oil and rate blossoms, etc. (NEDO)

  14. Regional new energy vision for Yakumo village; Yakumomura chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Yakumo village, Shimane Prefecture, which abides with the village doctrines of introducing new energy for quality life and building a community advanced in terms of environmental protection. Yakumo village, which has a population of approximately 6,800 engaged mainly in agriculture or forestry, consumed 5 times 10{sup 5} GJ in energy in fiscal 1998. The results of activities conducted in this connection are summarized in nine chapters which are (1) the trends of affairs surrounding new energy, (2) Yakumo village's local characteristics as seen from the new energy viewpoint, (3) collection of information on new energy measures taken by local governments, (4) estimation of demand for energy in Yakumo village, (5) estimation of the existing amount and available amount of new energy in Yakumo village, (6) study of the basic concept and basic policy of the vision, (7) study of new energy introduction, (8) approach to the issue by thinking, and (9) reference materials. In concrete terms, discussion is held about introduction into public facilities of photovoltaic power generation and water heaters, wind power generation, cogeneration, and waste heat utilization. For the sake of gardening at public facilities, for instance, the introduction of photovoltaic power generation is taken up. (NEDO)

  15. New energy vision in Daito Town area; Daitocho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Daito Township area in Iwate Prefecture. The energy consumed by Daito town as a whole in fiscal 1998 is about 213,685 two-hundred-kL drums, accounted for by the consumer department at 35.7%, the transportation department at 33.3%, and the industrial department at 31.0%. Carbon dioxide emission amount is estimated to be 109,647 t-CO2. General households in the town consume fossil fuel largely for room heating, whose energy conservation or substitution by new energies is important. The utilizable quantity of new energies in the town include solar energy, forest bio-mass, agricultural resource bio-mass, livestock excreta bio-mass, and refuses, whose total quantity is estimated to be 23,161 drums. The new energy utilization project includes enlightenment activities by introducing a photovoltaic power generator and a small wind power generator into Daito Middle School and the Murone Plateau Natural Energy Park, introduction of solar heat generated hot water supply devices for public facilities and town-operated houses, a discussion on a pellet production line in the wood processing industrial complex, and introduction of pellet boilers into public facilities. (NEDO)

  16. New energy vision of the Noogata city area; 2001 nendo Noogata shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Noogata City, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at 4,825.4 x 10{sup 6} MJ/y. It consisted of 47.1% in the industrial sector, 26.1% in the commercial/residential sector and 24.9% in the transportation sector. The rate of energy source was 65.7% of petroleum-base energy and 25.1% of electric power. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of wind power generation/photovoltaic power generation to the flower park at the foot of Mt. Fukuchi and Nakanoshima park on the sandbank of the Onga river; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to library. Moreover, as future models of the introduction, the potential study was made on the following: installation of the stockbreeding waste biogas plant at the compost center; installation of fuel cell system using digestion gas from night soil treatment facilities; installation of the natural gas cogeneration system in the project on redevelopment of the urban area, etc. (NEDO)

  17. New energy vision in Tochigi Prefectural area; Tochigiken chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to structure a circulation type society that imposes less load on the environment, a new energy vision was established in the Tochigi Prefectural area. This plan is an overall plan to promote introduction of new energies, and at the same time serves as a guideline when prefectural residents, business entities and the administration attempt to introduce new energies. The plan was prepared upon viewing the year 2010. The new energy introduction quantity in 2010 was estimated to be 470,000 kL as converted into crude oil (4.7% of the consumption in fiscal 1997). The plan document covers the following five fields: 1) the basic conception of the vision establishment, 2) the current status and problems surrounding the energies, 3) the basic directionality in introducing new energies, 4) policy systems and role sharing toward introducing new energies, and 5) case studies and case presentation. Item 4 is composed of policy systems for new energy introduction, projects to be implemented with emphasis, roles of working organizations, and institutions for promotion. The projects to be executed with emphasis consist of five items including initiative introduction into facilities utilized by the prefectural residents. (NEDO)

  18. Regional new energy vision for Joetsu City; 2001 nendo Joetsu shi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Joetsu City, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy consumption of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The city consumes 3,593 times 10{sup 9} kcal in energy, with the industrial sector responsible for 47.5%, the transportation sector 28.1%, and the residential/commercial sector 24.3%. As for the energy type, oil based fuel accounts for 58.3%, electric power 26.8%, and town gas 8.6%. The amount of carbon dioxide emissions due to energy consumption is estimated at 1,160 kt-CO2. Studies conducted for new energy introduction covered the supply of photovoltaic power to a project on municipal housing construction and a project on promoting the buildup of environment preservation facilities; the installation of a photovoltaic power generation system for a Citizens' Forest buildup project; the installation of a wind power generation system at the Minowadai Square of Recreation and Relaxation for the citizens; the installation of eco-stations to deal with gasoline, propane gas, and natural gas; the extension of financial support for the purchase of low-pollution vehicles; and so forth. (NEDO)

  19. New energy visions for the Town of Ichinohe district; Ichinohecho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Ichinohe, Iwate Pref. The town's population has been generally decreasing since 1975, from 21,433 to 17,906 in 1995. The town consumed energy totaling 288,691Gcal in 1998, of which the transportation sector accounts for 55%, followed by the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors, in this order, the industrial sector accounting for only 7%. The estimated new energy sources available to the town are wind power, power generated by temperature difference at rivers or using snow, solar energy, biomass energy and energy from wastes, in the order of quantity, totaling 137GWh/y as electrical power and 45.6Tcal/y as heat. The priority projects include making Ichinohe Primary School an eco-school, construction of a biomass demonstration plant in the Okunakayama district, introduction of a boiler firing wood chips at Okunakayama Heights, construction of a wind power mill at Takamori Heights, and introduction of new energies by the citizens. (NEDO)

  20. New energy vision in Gamagori City area (Aichi Prefecture); Gamagorishi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective of early realization of a district society harmonized with the natural environment, a vision was established as a guideline to achieve systematic and effective introduction of new energies, with cooperation from citizens, business entities, and the administration. The activity achievements were put into order by the following six items: 1) movements in introducing new energy systems, 2) identification of the characteristics of the district and major relevant measures, 3) identification of the current status and characteristics of the energy demand structure in the district, 4) estimation of existence and utilizable quantity of new energies, 5) needs of introduction of new energies in the area, and 6) introduction possibilities, realization measures, and proliferation acceleration measures. Item 6 is composed of considerations given from the result of the initial stage investigation, basic ideas, targets of the introduction, introduction policies, and promotion of energy countermeasures. Plans were made on a solar heat hot water supply system, a photovoltaic power generation system, a wind power generation system, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles. Annual supply of 221,790 GJ was estimated. The major components are the automobiles, solar heat hot water system, and power generation systems. (NEDO)

  1. New energy vision in Kitakata City area; Kitakatashi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in Kitakata City in Fukushima Prefecture. The population of Kitakata City in 2000 was 37,490, not having experienced extreme increase or decrease. Population employed in the tertiary industry occupies the largest ratio at 36.9%, followed by the secondary industry. The energy demand of the entire city is about 3300 trillion Joule, and carbon dioxide emitted therefrom is estimated about 77,000 t-C annually. Calculation of new energy amount in existence reveals about 4190 trillion Joule annually, which corresponds to about 1.3 times the energy demand quantity of the city. The new energy introducing project includes introduction of photovoltaic power generation into the public hall and schools, utilization of solar heat for greenhouses, introduction of solar heat and wind power hybrid power generation into the Green Tourism experiencing facilities, parks, street lights, and evacuation places, introduction of small to medium hydropower generation plants into Kitanogo, Kuranoyu and Happo-Ike, utilization of cold heat of snow, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles into the public organizations, utilization of bio-mass energy, wastes burning power generation and heat utilization. (NEDO)

  2. New energy visions for the Town of Ichinohe district; Ichinohecho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Ichinohe, Iwate Pref. The town's population has been generally decreasing since 1975, from 21,433 to 17,906 in 1995. The town consumed energy totaling 288,691Gcal in 1998, of which the transportation sector accounts for 55%, followed by the domestic, commercial and industrial sectors, in this order, the industrial sector accounting for only 7%. The estimated new energy sources available to the town are wind power, power generated by temperature difference at rivers or using snow, solar energy, biomass energy and energy from wastes, in the order of quantity, totaling 137GWh/y as electrical power and 45.6Tcal/y as heat. The priority projects include making Ichinohe Primary School an eco-school, construction of a biomass demonstration plant in the Okunakayama district, introduction of a boiler firing wood chips at Okunakayama Heights, construction of a wind power mill at Takamori Heights, and introduction of new energies by the citizens. (NEDO)

  3. New energy vision in Shioya Town area (Tochigi Prefecture); Shioyacho chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision in Shioya Town area was established with objectives to make clear what is to be tackled by the administration and the residents in their respective standings, and elevate their consciousness to the environmental preservation and consciousness regarding the energy problems. The target for new energy introduction quantity in fiscal 2010 was set as CO2 emission quantity reduction to about 3,900 t-c/year, a reduction of 5% of the quantity in fiscal 1999. The activity achievements were put into order by the following seven items: 1) summary of implementing investigations, 2) basic district characteristics, 3) the current status and estimation of energy consumption, 4) estimated calculation on possibility of new energy utilization, 5) discussions and problems on possibilities of the introduction as seen from the district characteristics, 6) the new energy vision, and 7) the future assignments. Item 6 is composed of the introduction target, measures for introduction to achieve the target in fiscal 2010, and development of the leading projects. The projects include small to middle size hydropower generation, photovoltaic and wind power hybrid type power generation, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles. (NEDO)

  4. Regional new energy vision for Tadami Town; 2001 nendo Tadami machi chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Tadami Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the energy demand characteristics of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. Though there is not a great change through the year in town's demand for power, more power is necessary in winter for heating and lighting. As for demand for gas and oil, demand for heating oil reaches its peak in winter. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which would utilize snow for the dynamization of industries, and studies were conducted about the selection of items to be stored in snow rooms, selection of proper cold heat utilization systems, care to be taken in the designing of facilities, installation of snow rooms, development of specialty goods proper to the town, and so forth. Eco-school development was also studied as an environmental education project harmonizing with the local circumstances. Discussed for the fostering of welfare were an energy business for a Welfare House, snow handling measures linked to new energy utilization systems, and the like. (NEDO)

  5. List of names of persons well informed on new energies; Shin energy yushikisha meibo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In order to establish an environment in which local public organizations and local business entities intending introduction of new energies can obtain easily the information about the technologies thereof and introduction examples, a 'list of names of persons well informed on new energies' was prepared. At the same time, a system was set up, with which these well-informed people can be introduced on NEDO home pages. The list of the names has collected data of the well-informed people granted with patents related to the fields defined in the new energy law as their specialty fields. The criterion for extracting the persons calls for persons who have experience of writing theses on new energies, and who have give lectures on the subject. Other new energy related experts acting in local areas, who were not able of having been extracted by using the above method, were extracted through hearings by key persons in each area. Questionnaire surveys were performed on the extracted specialists, whereas 495 effective answers permitting disclosure were obtained, and detailed items of information were collected on these specialists individually. The specialty fields include 23 new energy fields. The names of persons were arranged in the order of bureaus listed in the Ministry of International Trade and Industry. The names in the bureaus were arranged in the Japanese alphabetical order. (NEDO)

  6. New energy vision in Murone Village area; 2000 nendo Muronemura chiiki shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Murone Village area in Iwate Prefecture. The population of the village as of 1995 was 6,552 persons, which has continued with slow decrease in the last decade, revealing remarkable departure from agriculture. Energy consumption in this village per person is 11.5 two-hundred-liter drums, and carbon dioxide discharge per person is 5.6t-CO2. This is about 60% of the national average, because of no existence of thermal power plants and factories. The existing quantity of new energies is occupied by bio-mass as the largest because more than 70% of the village area is forest, followed by solar beam and heat. However, in the case of forest, since the energy is actually utilized only from the felled woods, the utilizable quantity is considerably small, whereas the availability of solar beam and heat is higher. With regard to introduction of new energies, the efforts of the introduction thereof are directed to introduction into primary schools, the village office, the special nursing home for elderly people, and the meal providing center for middle schools, in addition to proliferation and enlightenment of household solar systems, and photovoltaic power generation systems. Furthermore, discussions were given on introduction of a pellet burning power plant utilizing waste woods. (NEDO)

  7. Programs for promoting new energy introduction into Wakkanai City; Wakkanaishi shin energy donyu sokushin keikaku keikakusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The average temperature in the summer season at Wakkanai is 19 degrees C, and below zero degrees C in the winter season. Solar radiation duration is shorter in November through February due partly to the presence of snow. In terms of total solar radiation amount, the city occupies a middling position in the whole Hokkaido island. As for the force of the wind, a daily maximum wind velocity of 10m/s or stronger occur on 8 to 10 days every month in the period October through May. As projects for promoting new energy introduction, the below-named ones are chosen and subjected to examination for feasibility. They are a wind power generation system for a water purification plant; a district heating system utilizing cogeneration at the city middle sector; a hybrid system of methane fermentation and wind power generation for a public stock-rearing farm; a hybrid system of cogeneration and photovoltaic power generation for Fujimi district accommodation facilities; and photovoltaic power generation as a clean energy introduction system for a general gymnastic hall of Wakkanai City. Since the above-named subjects are all excellent in economy and environmentally-friendliness, it is suggested that efforts be exerted to realize them. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the superconducting material and device (technical development of the Josephson device hybrid system); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Chodendo zairyo chodendo soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu (Josephson soshi hybrid system no gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In order to establish basic technology for hybrid systems of superconducting and semiconducting devices, study was made on ultrahigh speed and low energy consumption properties of Josephson devices. As Josephson IC technology, a logical circuit, ring network, memory circuit, and oxide superconductor logical circuit were studied. As superconducting hybrid system technology, a Josephson device- semiconductor device interface, formation technology of signal transmission lines, and Josephson-MOS IC technology were developed. In fiscal 1997, as Josephson IC technology, switch motion of 4GHz in clock frequency was achieved by new high-density wiring process. Integration of some semiconducting processor elements, junction of surface- stabilized superconducting thin films, and motion of combination structure of some SQUIDs were also confirmed. On the hybrid system, voltage conversion operation of all interfaces was confirmed. Proper logical operation of the Josephson device hybrid circuit was also confirmed. 95 refs., 90 figs., 5 tabs.

  9. Fiscal 1997 R an D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (high-efficiency and analysis and manipulation technology for DNA); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (DNA nado kokoritsu kaiseki sosa gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). Through the observation of super spiral DNA fixed on a spermin or spermidine treated mica substrate by AFM (atomic force microscope), fixation of DNA without any deformation in solution was clarified, and visualization of the spiral structure of DNA were successfully achieved. Manipulation of Xe atoms adsorbed on an Si(111) surface was certainly possible by using STM (scanning tunneling microscope)/atom probe equipment. A nucleation mechanism in crystal growth was studied for various organic source-molecules/GaAs(001) surface systems, and formation of high-density nuclei on the GaAs surface was achieved by accelerating the translational energy of Ga material molecules up to 6eV or more. Ziegler- Natta catalysis important for industrial polymerization of olefin molecules was precisely analyzed by first-principle dynamic simulation. A large-scale simulation of zeolite catalyst is also in promotion for methanol to gasoline conversion. 51 refs., 87 figs., 7 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the study under a consignment from NEDO of environmental friendly type metal base-materials recycling utilization basic technology and element/overall process. For public; 1996 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko kyodo kenkyu itaku. Kankyo chowagata kinzokukei sozai kaisei riyo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu: yoso sogo process kenkyu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A study of `the next generation new iron steel making process` was conducted in which impurity elements in scrap are removed and recycled into high quality steel making materials, and at the same time total emissions are reduced during the process from scrap melting to steel making. The paper reported the fiscal 1996 results. In the study of the scrap recycling process, conducted were a study of the total system to remove impurities in the high temperature preheating furnace, a large scale experiment of de-coaling combined type de-coppering/de-tinning under reduced pressure of iron melting, a study of recycling technology of dust to the scrap melting furnace, etc. In the study on preheating/melting technology, a study of the scrap melting furnace of high-productivity/low-energy vertical type, a study of the scrap preheating method using the packed bed type preheating furnace, a study on the flue gas control at the time of preheating/melting, a study of the fast assessment method for organic compounds in flue gas, etc. In the evaluation of the total system, a study of preheating/melting/environmental systems using experimental plants. 20 refs., 23 figs., 10 tabs.

  11. Fiscal 1997 R and D project under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the femtosecond technology (R and D of the monitoring system using high-intensity X-ray pulse for power plants); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu (kokido X sen pulse riyo hatsuden shisetsu monitoring system no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports the result on R and D of the femtosecond technology in fiscal 1997. Ultrahigh-speed electronic technology is indispensable for industrial basic technologies supporting the advanced information society in the 21st century. Control technology of photonic and electronic states in a femtosecond region is essential. In R and D of metrological technology using ultra-short light-pulses, study was made on generating and controlling technology for ultra- short light/electron beam pulses. Ti-sapphire mode-locked laser was prepared, and it was found that time-fluctuation of mode-locked laser pulses is measurable up to 100 femtosecond level. As measures against an instability of gain-switching semiconductor laser, light injection from the outside was effective. The stable directivity of laser beam was obtained by regenerative amplifier, while less temperature variation of an optical switch was necessary to stabilize energy. To generate femtosecond high-intensity X-ray pulse by collision of laser and electron beams, it was confirmed that sub- picosecond synchronization is possible by RF and picosecond laser synchronization circuit. 48 refs., 89 figs., 11 tabs.

  12. Investigation of shinning Spot Defect on Hot-Dip Galvanized Steel Sheets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yonggang, Liu; Lei, Cui

    2014-01-01

    Shinning spot defects on galvanized steel sheets were studied by optical microscope, scanning electron microscope(SEM), Energy Dispersive Spectrometer (EDS) and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Original Position Statistic Distribution Analysis (LIBSOPA) in this study. The research shows that the coating thickness of shinning spot defects which caused by the substrate defect is much lower than normal area, and when skin passed, the shinning spot defect area can not touch with skin pass roll which result in the surface of shinning spot is flat while normal area is rough. The different coating morphologies have different effects on the reflection of light, which cause the shinning spot defects more brighter than normal area

  13. Fiscal 1999 edition. Guidebook for introducing new energies in Kinki District; Kinki chiiki shin energy donyu guide book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The captioned guidebook is composed of the following subjects: (1) the current status and problems of new energies (the energy status and the current status of new energies in Japan, and approaches to new energies in Japan); (2) the status of introduction and works in Kinki District (the outline of introduction and works in Kinki District on photovoltaic electric power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, wastes power generation, clean energy fueled automobiles, cogeneration, fuel cells, unused energies, and other reproducible energies); (3) NEDO related supportive institutions (new energy introduction promotion projects by NEDO, and the outline of different supportive institutions); (4) new energy introduction flow (total flow leading to the introduction, and introduction flow by new energies); (5) the grand new energy prize in Kinki District (what is the grand new energy prize? and cases of prizes awarded in Kinki District); (6) new energy related supportive institutions (a list of the related institutions, and the outline of different supportive institutions); and (7) new energy consultation windows and contacts (consultation windows and contacts for general new energy aspects and the government related supportive institutions, and consultation windows by new energies). The grand new energy prize is awarded by New Energy Foundation as the 'institution for public recognition of new energy devices of the 21st century type'. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1999 edition. Guidebook for introducing new energies in Kinki District; Kinki chiiki shin energy donyu guide book

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The captioned guidebook is composed of the following subjects: (1) the current status and problems of new energies (the energy status and the current status of new energies in Japan, and approaches to new energies in Japan); (2) the status of introduction and works in Kinki District (the outline of introduction and works in Kinki District on photovoltaic electric power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, wastes power generation, clean energy fueled automobiles, cogeneration, fuel cells, unused energies, and other reproducible energies); (3) NEDO related supportive institutions (new energy introduction promotion projects by NEDO, and the outline of different supportive institutions); (4) new energy introduction flow (total flow leading to the introduction, and introduction flow by new energies); (5) the grand new energy prize in Kinki District (what is the grand new energy prize? and cases of prizes awarded in Kinki District); (6) new energy related supportive institutions (a list of the related institutions, and the outline of different supportive institutions); and (7) new energy consultation windows and contacts (consultation windows and contacts for general new energy aspects and the government related supportive institutions, and consultation windows by new energies). The grand new energy prize is awarded by New Energy Foundation as the 'institution for public recognition of new energy devices of the 21st century type'. (NEDO)

  15. New energy vision of the Yokaichi city area. New energy society to be created by all citizen - Yokaichi City; 2001 nendo Youkaichi shi chiiki shin energy vision. Minna no chikara de tsukuru shin energy shakai Youkaichi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Yokaichi City, Shiga Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at approximately 1,004,638 drums in terms of oil drum (200L). By sector, the energy consumption amount was 66.1% in the industrial sector, 17.4% in the transportation sector and 16.5% in the commercial/residential sector. The rate of energy source was 62.2% of fossil fuel, etc., and 37.9% of electric power. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: promotion of introduction of solar energy collector/photovoltaic power generation to general households; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar hot water supply space heating system to public facilities; road preparation by installation of street light using photovoltaic power generation; installation of micro wind power generator at the disaster-prevention base; introduction of biomass energy such as wood pellet stove to public facilities; project of rape blossoms (cultivation of rape/production and consumption of rape oil/recovery of waste cooking oil/BDF). (NEDO)

  16. FY 1999 data book for the introduction of new energy to Hokkaido; 1999 nendoban Hokkaido shin energy donyu data shu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of effectively promoting the introduction of new energy to Hokkaido, it is necessary to comprehensively/systematically arrange various kinds of new energy and to furnish the basic data which contribute to the spread/education. The paper collected/arranged the actual results of the introduction of new energy to Hokkaido, using the existing data, etc. Attention is paid to the collection of the basic information on what kinds of new energy have been introduced in what kinds of regions, etc. Fundamentally, the data were collected by which facilities for new energy can be seen by city/town/village. The new energy for collection is basically within the range of those included in the New Energy Law. They are renewable energy (photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, and wind power generation); recycle type energy (waste power generation, waste heat utilization, fuel production, waste fuel production, biomass energy, and unused energy); new forms of the existing energy (gas/oil cogeneration, fuel cell, and clean energy vehicle). (NEDO)

  17. Plan to promote new energy introduction in Niigata Prefecture area; Niigataken chiiki shin energy donyu suishin keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The 'Plan to promote new energy introduction in Niigata Prefecture area' was established to leave the conditions that everybody can live with affluence and comfort in the next generation. The plan lasts for ten years until 2010. Upon identifying the district characteristics of Niigata Prefecture, and based on the results of investigations on new energy existence quantity, utilization possibility thereof, and consciousness of residents of the prefecture, considerations were given that the plan shows the basic policy to promote proliferation of the new energies, and serves as the guideline for practical implementation. The plan document is composed of the following four items: 1) the foreword, 2) the current status of energies, 3) new energies expected of introduction, and 4) basic measures. The energy consumption was estimated to increase to 1.345 times that of fiscal 1990 in the year 2010, the increase being mainly in consumer and household use. The targeted quantity for new energy introduction was set to 90,000 kl annually as converted to petroleum. Expected new energy applications would include photovoltaic power generation, snow energy and solar heat utilization, and cogeneration utilizing natural gas. (NEDO)

  18. Data book of new energy introduction to Hokkaido. FY 2000 version; Hokkaido shin energy donyu data shu. 2000 nendoban

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of effectively introducing/promoting new energy and of supplying the basic data which contribute to the promotion/education, the actual results of new energy introduction to Hokkaido were collected/arranged. New energies to be surveyed were the photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, wind power generation, waste power generation, waste heat utilization, waste fuel production, biomass energy, unused energy, gas generation, petroleum cogeneration, fuel cells, clean energy vehicles, small-/medium-scale hydroelectric power generation, etc. The purpose of the book is mainly to collect the basic information, that is, what kind of new energy has been introduced to what kind of area. The data are so collected that facilities adopting new energy can be seen as unit of city/town/village as a rule. The method to collect information is based on the total collection of the reports made by organizations in/outside Hokkaido. The book additionally covers the details of the data supplied and the data collected. (NEDO)

  19. Regional new energy vision formulation for Nichinan City. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Nichinan shi chiiki shin energy vision sakuteisho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for elevating people's consciousness of such in Nichinan City, Miyazaki Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted concerning the energy demand of the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction plans, and then a vision was formulated. The city's energy demand is estimated to be approximately 4,028-million MJ/year, which includes 46% for the transportation sector, 30% for the people's livelihood-related business sector, 17% for the residential sector, and 7% for the industrial sector. The energy demand is covered 62% by oil-based fuels and 30% by electric power. Projects discussed for new energy introduction included the introduction of photovoltaic power into a lifelong learning center, a comprehensive center for health and welfare, and primary schools; introduction of solar hot water supply systems into school meal providing facilities; introduction of medium-size wind power systems (five systems); medium- or small-scale hydroelectric power generation on the Sakatani river; use of street light lighted by photovoltaic/wind hybrid power systems; introduction of clean energy vehicles; power generation utilizing livestock excrement; introduction of photovoltaic, hydroelectric, and methane gas power generation into a sewage treatment plant; and the use of RPF (refuse paper and plastic fuel) at the Nichinan plant of Oji Paper Co., Ltd. (NEDO)

  20. Feasibility study on introducing new energy systems into Asian villages; Asia sonraku ni okeru shin energy donyu kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For improvement of living standards in unelectrified areas of Asia, the feasibility of new energy power generation systems was surveyed. The degree of electrification of local areas is different every country, and Thailand is ahead of other countries, while Laos and Cambodia are most unelectrified. Power supply of 100W/house seems to be adequate for local areas because of weather condition, housing situation and life-style. Economic support and education on electricity are necessary for poor areas. Although needs for new energy is increasing, the priority is given to industrial and urbanized areas because of cost and investment effects, and remote areas are dependent on grant- in-aid. Resources of photovoltaic, wind power and micro- hydraulic energies are abundant, however, selection of energy and verification of its usability are important, and the local energy density maps were thus prepared. In introduction of new energy, after selection of energy suitable for an area concerned, such geographical and social conditions should be surveyed as road condition, water rights, land utilization, economic support system, policy and intention of inhabitants. 76 refs., 68 figs., 91 tabs.

  1. Shin Splints 101: Explaining Shin Splints to Young Runners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newlin, Dana; Smith, Darla S.

    2011-01-01

    Shin splints are a common but often confusing injury. Sources disagree on both the cause of the injury and the anatomical source of the pain. Some blame shin splints on foot pronation, footstrike pattern, or arch height. Regardless of what causes the condition, it affects many runners, beginning in some at a young age. Young runners often have…

  2. Feeling of reality, bodily sensation, and pleasant perspiration. Let's play and learn town of natural energy (New energy vision in Shin-asahi Town in Shiga Prefecture); Jikkan taikan kaikan. Asonde manabo shizen energy no machi (Shinasahicho energy vision)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to build a resource circulation type society, a basic guideline was established for introducing new energies upon investigating the status of new energy existence, problems and countermeasure thereon to encounter when setting and introducing the targeted introduction values, and specific measures for promoting the introduction. The activity achievements were put into order by the following seven items: 1) the background and purpose, 2) summary of Shin-asahi Town, 3) energy demand and supply conditions in Shin-asahi Town, 4) natural energies available in Shin-asahi Town, 5) directionality of the energy vision, 6) specific targets and introduction scenario, and 7) the energy vision promotion systems. In item 6, the target of introduction in fiscal 2010 was set to 36,300 Gcal/year (reduction of CO2 emission of 15% of the 1999 criterion). The scenario discusses energy efficiency improvement, solar energy, wind power generation, small hydropower generation, and bio-mass. For the efficiency improvement, construction of a natural energy park with wind mills was taken up for the purpose of enlightenment and education of the residents. (NEDO)

  3. Shin splints - self-care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to make sure you do not have a stress fracture. You will also be checked to make sure you do not have ... Pain - shins - self-care; Anterior tibial pain - self-care; Medial tibial stress syndrome - self- ...

  4. Takane new energy vision. Creation of life environment with affluence using natural energies; Takane shin energy vision. Shizen energy wo ikashita yutakana seikatsu kankyo no sozo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established that discusses how the way the new energy introduction consistent with district characteristics should be, and has at the same time the leadership and specificity. Takane Town in Yamanashi Prefecture is a town located in the south skirt of Mt. Yatsugatake, having a population of about 9400 and households of about 3200. The town consumes energies converted into petroleum of about 19,000 kL/year. The activity achievements were put into order by the following five items: 1) what is the new energy vision?, 2) district characteristics, 3) the basic plan, 4) plans placed with emphasis, and 5) promotion of the vision. Item 4 includes introduction of new energies into the welfare, education and cultural facilities, utilization of bio-mass energy using livestock resources, introduction of new energies into the Hananomori Park at South Yatsugatake, introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles, and small hydropower generation utilizing clean streams in the Kiyosato area, introduction of new energies into the Kiyosato Station square, introduction of next generation agriculture utilizing new energies, and communications with nature and ecology of Takane Town. (NEDO)

  5. Let People Bathe in Clean Energy. Regional new energy vision for Matsuyama Town; 2001 nendo Matsuyama machi chiiki shin energy vision. Toumeinal energy wo sosoide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Matsuyama Town, Yamagata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and then a vision was formulated. The town demands 120,407-million kcal/year in energy comprising 56.8% from oil based fuels, 39.2% from electric power, and 4.1% from LP gas. As for consumption, 35.6% is consumed by households, 28.9% by industries, 21.3% by transportation, and 14.2% by commerce. The amount of carbon dioxide due to the consumption is estimated at 28,000 t-CO2/year. Key projects for new energy introduction were discussed, which included an eco-town project for introducing photovoltaic power generation systems, passive solar heat utilization systems, clean energy vehicles, and so forth, into public facilities; an eco-agriculture project for utilizing wind power generation and livestock excreta energy; an eco-park project for exhibiting new energies to the public; and an eco-school pilot model project. (NEDO)

  6. FY 2001 new energy vision of Shiramine Village. Creation of new energy; 2001 nendo Shiramine mura chiiki shin energy vision. Onkotakushin energy no sozo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Shiramine Village, Ishikawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand amount of the village, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the village was 155,970 GJ/y. As viewed by sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 43.9% in the industrial sector, 30.0% in the commercial/residential sector and 26.1% in the transportation sector. The rate of energy source was 79.0% of petroleum, 18.7% of electric power and 2.2% of gas. In the project for new energy introduction, the following were cited and studied: as the project for forest/snow resource utilization in the Nishiyama area, production/storage of charcoal using thinnings/wood chips, and food preservation using snow; as the project for experiencing/learning the nature using existing facilities, introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar heat use water warmer to Shiramine Elementary School/Shiramine Junior High School; as the project for functionally reinforcing tourist attractions, 'park for learning new energy' by lighting using solar light/wind power, etc. (NEDO)

  7. New energy vision for Oita Prefecture. Toward the adoption of eco-energy; 2001 nendo Oita ken shin energy vision. Eco energy no donyu ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For contributing to the preservation of the global environment, studies were made to work out a new energy introduction vision fully exploiting the characteristic features of Oita Prefecture. Oita Prefecture's demand for energy in 1998 is estimated to be 408.6 times 10{sup 15} J, with coal-based energy covering 204,016 TJ, oil-based energy 160,192 TJ, electric power 37,721 TJ, and so forth. The consumption will result in the emission of 35.77 million tons of carbon dioxide. According to Oita Prefecture's prospect of its eco-energy adoption in 2010, there will be 319 MW from hydroelectric power, 155 MW from geothermal power, 52 MW from photovoltaic power, 46 MW from clean energy vehicles, 33 MW from refuse-fueled power, and so forth. To prepare plans for facilities to utilize eco-energy and for regional development in the future through the use of such facilities, introduction costs were predicted and effects were simulated for model businesses engaged in biomass power generation using livestock wastes, small-scale hydroelectric power generation, bio-diesel fuel production, wind power generation, and woody biomass power generation. (NEDO)

  8. Shin splints--a literature review.

    OpenAIRE

    Bates, P

    1985-01-01

    "Shin splints" is not a specific diagnosis. It is merely a descriptive term that describes chronic exertional shin pain in an athlete. The evidence seems clear that shin splint pain has many different causes and this reflects the variation in the anatomy. It would be preferable to describe shin splint pain by location and aetiology, for example, lower medial tibial pain due to periostitis or upper lateral tibial pain due to elevated compartment pressure. This would aid communication between p...

  9. Hope-filled, energy-conscious town of Itakura. Regional new energy vision for Itakura Town; 2001 nendo Itakura machi shin energy vision. Yume ippai enetown Itakura

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Itakura Town, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy demand of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. In fiscal 2000 the town consumed 549,973 GJ/year in energy, with the industrial sector consuming 202,014 GJ, the residential/commercial sector 194,233 GJ, and the transportation sector 153,725 GJ. The energy types were gasoline, kerosene, electricity, gas oil, heavy oil, and LPG, as named in the descending order in terms of consumed amount. It is estimated that the energy consumption resulted in the emission of carbon dioxide of 11,839 t-C/year. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which involved wind power generation for the Itakura sewage purification center; snow-aided cooling systems for a Yasuragi rest house and the special nursing home for elderly people; snow-aided refrigeration for a unhusked rice silo; photovoltaic power generation and cogeneration for the town office; photovoltaic/wind power-driven hybrid street lamps; use of biomass solid fuel for heating public facilities; use of clean-energy vehicles as official vehicles; and the like. (NEDO)

  10. Shin splints--a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bates, P

    1985-01-01

    "Shin splints" is not a specific diagnosis. It is merely a descriptive term that describes chronic exertional shin pain in an athlete. The evidence seems clear that shin splint pain has many different causes and this reflects the variation in the anatomy. It would be preferable to describe shin splint pain by location and aetiology, for example, lower medial tibial pain due to periostitis or upper lateral tibial pain due to elevated compartment pressure. This would aid communication between physicians and also direct therapy more accurately. Images p132-a PMID:3907743

  11. - From point, line to plane - . New energy vision at Osafune Town area; 2001 nendo Osafune cho chiiki shin energy vision (Ten sen soshite men he)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Osafune Town in Okayama Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the energy consumption structure, status of new energies available, and the new energy introduction projects for the town, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumed in Osafune Town is 1,443,467 GJ/year. By departments, the industrial department accounts for 41%, the transportation department for 40%, the civil household department for 13% and the civil business department for 6%. Energy types are accounted for by petroleum at 81%, and electric power at 19%. The important new energy introduction projects discussed as the first step include 'Cooperative projects by residents and the administration', and 'Wide area introduction of new energies' into public facilities, as the second step, 'New energy networking' targeted at mutual coordination, 'Information network' for new energies and energy saving, and as the third step, 'Acceleration of proliferation at general levels' beginning with housing, and 'Creation of green energy experiencing park' at the Osafune Beautiful Forest. (NEDO)

  12. Report on energy saving vision in Santo-cho region; Santocho chiiki sho energy vision hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    An energy-saving vision was decided on in Santo-cho region in Hyogo Prefecture, with its outline reported. This town is such that about 80% of the region is mountains, forests and wilderness and that aging is advancing at the rate above that of Hyogo Prefecture or the national average. Nearly entire energy of the town is dependent on the supply from outside. The energy consumption is somewhat increasing as a whole, with that of the people's livelihood/domestic sector and of transportation sector are rising. In the classification of fuels, electricity is growing in consumption. As an energy-saving vision, it aimed principally at personal surroundings in which every one got into the habit of saving energy continuously without being forced. The basic plan for the energy conservation drive consisted of inducement to an energy-saving life style, energy conservation to be spread by the next generation children, continuation of energy saving activity rooted in the region, and promotion of energy conservation as a basis for introducing new energy. The diffusion and enlightenment for children destined to lead the next generation were defined as a particularly important assignment, as was the promotion of energy conservation and environmental education. (NEDO)

  13. New energy vision of the Sen'nan city area. Outline; 2001 nendo Sen'nan shi chiiki shin energy vision (Gaiyo ban)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Sen'nan City, Osaka Prefecture, a new energy vision was worked out, and a version of the outline was made. The policy on new energy introduction was described as follows: to make a great use of solar energy; to promote the spread of low-emission car and other new energy; to construct a system for spread that is connected to cooperation with citizen and education/enlightenment. Concretely, the following were cited: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the city office/elementary school/junior high school; study of preferential treatment for introduction of solar energy; introduction of low-emission car to official vehicle; study of preferential treatment for introduction of low-emission car; promotion of car sharing by low-emission car; introduction of natural gas cogeneration and fuel cell to the city office; installation of street light using small wind power generation; potential study of small- and medium-size power generation; support for class for new energy experience at elementary/junior high school; potential study of utilization of biomass energy such as bamboo charcoal; study of preferential treatment for new energy to be given to citizen and enterprises in the city; construction/support of energy utilization system using waste, etc. (NEDO)

  14. Data book on new energy technology in FY 1997. Wind power generation; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Furyoku hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    It is an urgent necessity for Japan to promote the technological development and accelerate the introduction and diffusion of new energy. In order to diffuse and enlighten the introduction of new energy technology efficiently, it is necessary to compile various information regarding new energy in a comprehensive and systematic way, and formulate a database. Aiming at the systematic formulation of data on new energy, this survey focuses on the field of wind power generation system (WPS) and provides a collection of the latest published data on WPS, particularly regarding the worldwide installed wind power capacity, support plan and government policies, current situations of WPS market, and major technical characteristics of typical wind turbines. This report consists of the significance of wind energy, world market of wind turbines, government policies, international wind energy development, subsidies for wind energy, procedures of wind turbine system installation, governmental measures for wind energy development, subsidiary companies and organizations, basis of wind energy, and Japan`s wind energy development in 1997

  15. New energy technology development related database construction survey (wind power generation); Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (furyoku hatsuden)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    To arrange systematic data relating to new energy, the latest published data relating to the wind energy conversion systems have been collected and arranged. For the overview of wind energy conversion system, wind turbines with horizontal axis and vertical axis, specification of wind turbine, and conceptual figure of wind energy conversion systems are illustrated. For the installation examples, introduction development of wind energy conversion systems in the world is described for Japan, the USA, Germany, Denmark, Spain, Sweden, India, and Belgium. For the relevant legislation and support plan, relevant legislation for the introduction of wind energy conversion in Japan, support plan in Japan, and support plans in foreign countries are described. Prices of wind turbines by wind turbine makers in the world, construction cost by Japanese makers, basic term, and subsidiary company and organization are shown

  16. FY 2001 report on the project on working out the new energy vision of Takasu Village; 2001 nendo Takasu mura shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Takasu Village, Gifu Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy consumption amount, existence amount of new energy and project for new energy introduction, and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the village was 632,805.8 GJ/y. The rate of energy source was 23.2% of electric power, 22.2% of heavy oil, 21.2% of light oil, 20.8% of kerosene, 11.1% of gasoline and 1.6% of LPG. As viewed by sector, the energy consumption amount consisted of 42.1% in the transportation sector, 25.3% in the business sector, 20.2 in the industrial sector and 12.4% in the residential sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to village center; introduction of photovoltaic /micro wind hybrid power generation to street light/burglar light/disaster-prevention use emergency power source at tourist resort 'Hirugano Heights'; introduction of biogas power generation by methane fermentation using animal feces, garbage, etc. as raw materials; utilization of ice/snow energy for storage of bulbs of flower/ornamental plant and as supply of cold wind to milk cow. (NEDO)

  17. Regional new energy vision formulation project for Kanai Town. Fiscal 2001 report; 2001 nendo Kanai machi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kanai Town, Niigata Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving energy demand of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The town demands 541,062 GJ/year in energy, with the residential/commercial sector requiring approximately 46%, the industrial sector approximately 30%, and the transportation sector approximately 25%. The energy types are kerosene, heavy oils, gas oil, electric power, gasoline, and LPG, mentioned in the descending order in terms of magnitude of requirement. The resultant amount of carbon dioxide is estimated at 11,449 t-C. New energy introduction projects were discussed, which included photovoltaic power generation for primary and junior high schools, the town office, and the Dorin stock farm; a solar heat utilization system for the school meal center; wind power generation for Hometown Kimpoku, primary schools, and the Dorin stock farm; mini-scale hydroelectric power generation on the Shimpo river; use of forestry biomass (pellet stoves) at nursery schools; introduction of clean-energy automobiles for public use; and the introduction of cogeneration into Sado Hospital. (NEDO)

  18. Survey on construction of the database for new energy technology development. Cogeneration; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Cogeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    As a part of the activity promoting use of new energy, the data related to cogeneration were systematically compiled. For new energy technology, such various policies for introducing new energy are in promotion with a progress of technological development as preparation of subsidy systems, field test business, and support advisory business for introducing new energy. For further effective promotion, integral systematic compilation of various data, and arrangement as basic data are necessary. Such latest announced data in a cogeneration field were collected and compiled as outline of new energy systems, concrete applications, subsidy systems, and approaches to new energy of various countries. Main data items are as follows: trend of cogeneration, outline of system, domestic and foreign concrete applications, prediction data on the use of new energy, overview of domestic and foreign policies for cogeneration, basic terminology, and tables of main related enterprises and organizations. This database is useful for the present activities promoting use of new energy, and preparation of the future vision. 29 figs., 33 tabs.

  19. Data book on new energy technology development in FY 1997. Cogeneration; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Cogeneration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Various policies are being implemented in the field of new energy technology in line with progress in technological development. Examples are about assistance mechanism, field test projects and advisory projects to support the introduction of new energy technology. In order to promote the introduction of new energy efficiently, it is necessary to compile the various information regarding new energy in a comprehensive and systematic way, and formulate a basic data set. Among various new energy technologies, cogeneration is discussed in this report. The latest published data on the respective technologies are compiled particularly regarding their overall systems, examples of introduction, assistance mechanisms and state of implementation in foreign countries. Items included in this report are the trend of cogeneration, outline of system, state of introduction, forecast of introduction, overview of policies, basic terms, and related organizations. 9 figs.

  20. Report on the analytical survey of the Pacific energy information; Taiheiyo energy joho bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Arrangement, investigation and analysis of an energy information exchange system were conducted, with the aim of coping with the development in the whole Asia/Pacific area, the stabilization of energy supply/demand, and the environmental problem and of realizing effective cooperation of every country in the area. Concerning the trend of the domestic primary energy supply/demand, there are some patterns. Countries which show high growth rates are developing countries such as Thailand and China, and NIES such as Korea and Taiwan. Countries where growth rates are slowing down and lowering are developed countries such as Australia, Canada, Japan and the U.S. Countries where energy supply/demand is not stabilized are Singapore, Hong Kong, Indonesia and Chile which are suffering from variations in import/export. The ultimate energy consumption is the domestic primary energy supply from which the conversion loss in the conversion sector was deducted, and indicates almost the same trend as the primary energy supply. It is divided into a stabilized type of developed countries and a rapidly increasing type and a stagnant type. However, there are some exceptions. Total data in the quarter of the year cannot be the yearly data by itself, but requires a year-end tax arrangement. 40 tabs.

  1. R and D on new energy technologies. Outlines of fiscal 1976 research results; Shin energy gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1976 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi kamihanki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-07-01

    This report outlines the results of (1) 8 researches on solar energy technology, (2) 4 researches on hydrogen energy, and (3) 4 general researches. (1) includes the prototype measuring instrument of near IR solar direct radiation using an interference filter to measure solar spectral irradiance, the prototype small-scale solar heat power model system, selective absorption and transmission films as solar heat power generation materials, InP solar cell and new solar cell system configuration, micro-wave power transmission of solar energy, and the expansion turbine using low-boiling point coolant for space power generation. (2) includes the hydrogen energy system, high-temperature thermolysis of water at 1,000 degrees C, prototype zirconia single-crystals for new solid electrolyte fuel cells, and the large-capacity high- temperature solid electrolyte fuel cell power system. (3) includes the total new energy system, the prototype superconducting magnet for energy storage, study on mechanism of an anomalous absorption effect by irradiation of strong laser beam onto high-temperature high-density ionized gas, and low-temperature difference power generation in the ocean. (NEDO)

  2. New energy vision at Sabae City. Toward realization of 'environmental international city'; 2001 nendo Sabae shi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo kokusai toshi Sabae no jitsugen ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Sabae City in Fukui Prefecture, a new energy vision was put into order based on the result of the initial stage investigation having been performed in the previous fiscal year. Solar light and solar heat energies will be introduced positively into public facilities, and at the same time works will be implemented to accelerate the proliferation thereof into general households. The target of introduction by the year 2010y is set to 2,600 kW by photovoltaic power generation, and the introduction thereof is planned to schools, nursery schools, municipality operated houses, and unattended facilities. With regard to solar heat water warmer, the present proliferation rate of about 7.3% will be raised to 15%. Regarding wastes generated from industrial areas, efficient energy extraction by thermal recycling is intended on the assumption of suppression of wastes generation, their re-use, and recycling. Systems may include the bio-gas system, cogeneration, and recovery of energies from plastics wastes. For acceleration of proliferation of new energies in general, promotion of introduction will be achieved on mini-wind power generation, small hydroelectric power generation, and fuel cell automobiles. (NEDO)

  3. Report on an analytical survey on the Pacific energy information; Taiheiyo energy joho bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    For the purpose of collecting and arranging energy information in the Asia and Pacific region, this survey has been conducted for many fiscal years. The Asia and Pacific region is classified into the Chinese area, the Southeast Asia area including Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippine, Singapore and Thailand, the East Asia area including Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Hong Kong, the North America area including the U.S. and Canada, and the Oceania area including Australia and New Zealand. As to the primary energy supplied from 1980 to 1993, China largely increased its share by 3.1%. The Southeast Asia also increased its share by 2.1%, and the East Asia by 2.5%. To the contrary, the North America area largely declined its share by 7.8%, but still has approximately 60% in the Asia and Pacific area. By kind of energy, coal increased the share while oil decreased. 16 figs., 7 tabs.

  4. Survey on construction of the database for new energy technology development. Fuel cell; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Nenryo denchi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    As a part of the data related to technological development of new energy, the database for fuel cells was prepared. The major international conferences held in fiscal 1996 were reviewed. As the atmosphere of the whole conference, phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) is in a stage just before practical use, and molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) is in a stage of the demonstration study of MW class one. The study on solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) and polymer electrolyte fuel cell (PEFC) is in considerable progress. In particular, the application of PEFC to automobiles is in real investigation. For the database, kinds and features of various fuel cells, operation principles, system configurations of FC plants, application fields, and characteristics were arranged. Field test examples for public and industrial uses were separately arranged, and in particular, the application examples of PAFC were presented together with developmental conditions of the other fuel cells. Overseas situations were equal to domestic ones, and their marketability was predicted. The Japanese subsidy policy and some U.S. policies were also arranged. 28 refs., 51 figs., 37 tabs.

  5. Data book on new energy technology development in FY 1997. Photovoltaic (PV) power generation; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Taiyoko hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of understanding the present status of photovoltaic power system (PVPS) and supporting its promotion, various data were collected. The significance of adopting PV power technology was specified for customers of various levels, such as nation, local communities, industries and individual households, to clarify the CO2 reduction effect and energy pay-back time. Data illustrate the solar cell production according to region, cell types, industries, applications, production value, and market price. Policies for PVPS in industrial countries were compared with those in Japan. Distribution of PVPS in various countries was compared with that in Japan in respect to installations and purposes of the introduction of PVPS. Financial aid programs such as subsidies, tax benefits and loans for the installation of PVPS in Japan were listed. The trend of PV-related budget of MITI was shown with every project`s description. Steps of introducing PVPS from plan to installation were depicted in the form of flow chart. Were shown measures sponsored by the government or local organizations to promote PVPS. Domestic and foreign firms related to PVPS including PV module suppliers, and PV installation contractors were listed

  6. Bone scanning in Shin Splint evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dumont, M.; Lamoureux, F.; Lamoureux, J.; Danais, S.; Lacoste, P.; Duranceau, J.

    1983-01-01

    Jogging is increasingly popular; in U.S.A., in 1979 more than 25 millions people were considered joggers. Lesions of the locomotive system of the lower limbs are very frequent in athletes and the Shin Splint syndrome, for one, is very frequent. However this precise clinical entity, usually X-Ray negative, is ill-known. A bone scan study in a series of 30 athletes suffering from Shin Splints is presented. The bone scans being positive and typical were highly useful in confirming the clinical diagnosis. Moreover, follow-up studies were done in a number of these patients and results correlated well with the clinical evolution [fr

  7. NEDO Forum 2000. New energy and energy conservation introducing and proliferating project session (toward promotion of introducing new energies and energy conservation); Shin'ene shoene donyu fukyu jigyo session. Shin'ene shoene no donyu sokushin ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-09-01

    The following themes were presented at this session: (1) the history and roles of the NEDO's introduction and promotion projects, (2) expectation and prospects to introduction and promotion of new energy and energy conservation technologies, (3) energy innovation in houses and buildings actively using new energies and energy conservation means, (4) works on introducing new energies by using the private finance initiative (PFI), and (5) the last resort for energy conservation promoting measures in the industrial domain (high-performance industrial furnace technologies). In Item 3, design cases intended for sustainable buildings were introduced. In Item 4, the PFI is explained as a means to use as much fund and management know-how in private sectors as possible in improving the social capitals and providing high-quality public services. In Japan, the PFI promotion law was established in July 1999 (the law concerning promotion of improvements in public facilities by utilizing funds in private sectors). Introductions are given on the wide area wastes disposal project in Kimitsu Area, the PFI model project for power generation of everyday use at Kanamachi Water Purification Plant of the Tokyo Metropolitan Water Supply Bureau, and the Omuta RDF power generation project. In Item 5, descriptions are given on a new high-performance industrial furnace using the combustion mechanism of 'high-temperature air combustion' created from preheated air at temperatures higher than spontaneous combustion temperature. (NEDO)

  8. New energy vision in Sawauchi Village area. Toward establishment of Sawauchi Village having unaided power based on 'new energies, lessons learned from past'; Sawauchimura chiiki shin energy vison. 'Onkochi shin energy' ni yoru jiriki aru Sawauchimura no kakuritsu ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision was established in the Sawauchi Village area in Iwate Prefecture. As the energy species to be discussed for introduction, Sawauchi Village has assumed 'solar (beam and heat)', 'forest bio-mass', 'stock breeding bio-mass', 'small hydro-power' and 'snow'. The new energy introduction project included the proliferation and enlightenment activities using the Snow Country Culture Research Institute as the core, new energy introduction into the Sawauchi Baden, introduction of small hydropower generation and micro hydropower generation, new energy introduction into snow melting systems, new energy introduction into agricultural greenhouses, introduction of snow room-cooling systems into public facilities, development of new business targeted at promotion of forestry, and proliferation and enlightenment activities coordinated with relevant organizations. Particularly in the development of new business targeted at promotion of forestry, tackling will be moved forward to sale and manufacture of pellet stoves, manufacture of wood pellets, research, development, and commercialization of bio-mass power plant and new housings incorporating snow country cultures, with an aim of promotion of utilization of woods and thinned woods available in the village. (NEDO)

  9. New energy visions for the Town of Naie district. Human-friendly Town of Naie City by environment-friendly energies; Naiemachi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo ni yasashii energy ga tsukuru hito ni yasashii machi Naie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Naie, Sorachi-gun in Hokkaido, where the industrial sector (manufacturing industries) consumes more than 60% of the total energy consumption. By energy type, oil and others account for 80%. When arranged in the order of expected recoverable quantity, the new energies for the town include utilization of solar energy, photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, and utilization of wastes, biomass energy (agricultural products) and snow energy. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are for health and welfare, clearing and utilization of snow, environmental education and bringing up talented persons, supporting the related entrepreneurs, and integration of new energy with promotion of energy-saving movement. The priority projects the town plans to promote include utilization of biogas and temperature-differential energy for the town's water purification center; foundation of the Naie eco-school; and drawing conceptions for utilization of underground heat, utilization of low-temperature and snow/ice energy, co-energy around the spa of Naie, and mega-solar and eco-park at the Sorachi housing complex. (NEDO)

  10. New energy visions for the Town of Naie district. Human-friendly Town of Naie City by environment-friendly energies; Naiemachi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo ni yasashii energy ga tsukuru hito ni yasashii machi Naie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for Town of Naie, Sorachi-gun in Hokkaido, where the industrial sector (manufacturing industries) consumes more than 60% of the total energy consumption. By energy type, oil and others account for 80%. When arranged in the order of expected recoverable quantity, the new energies for the town include utilization of solar energy, photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, and utilization of wastes, biomass energy (agricultural products) and snow energy. The basic guidelines for introduction of new energies are for health and welfare, clearing and utilization of snow, environmental education and bringing up talented persons, supporting the related entrepreneurs, and integration of new energy with promotion of energy-saving movement. The priority projects the town plans to promote include utilization of biogas and temperature-differential energy for the town's water purification center; foundation of the Naie eco-school; and drawing conceptions for utilization of underground heat, utilization of low-temperature and snow/ice energy, co-energy around the spa of Naie, and mega-solar and eco-park at the Sorachi housing complex. (NEDO)

  11. New energy visions for City of Kuji. For an eco-energy town compatible with natural environments; Kujishi shin energy vision. Shizen to kyoseishita eco-energy town wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The new energy visions are drawn for City of Kuji, Iwate Pref. The city's Industrial structures comprise the primary industry (10.8%), secondary industry (34.3%) and tertiary industry (54.7%), mainly characterized by fishery, production of foods and wholesales/retail sales of beverages and foods. The energy is consumed approximately 2,424TJ by the domestic sector (592TJ), industrial sector (629TJ) and transportation sector (1,203TJ). The prospective new energy sources for the city include photovoltaic electric power, solar energy, wind power, clean-energy automobiles, and biomass. The projects selected for promoting introduction of the new energy sources in the city include those for waste treatment facilities, multi-purpose playground, industrial complex in the Kuji district, public facilities, new energy roads, compost center, supply of energy to the agriculture and forestry, underground aquarium/science museum, cleaning center, introduction of clean-energy automobiles, enlightenment of new energies, disaster prevention center, utilization of waste heat/water from garbage incineration, and eco-energy systems in Bay of Kuji. (NEDO)

  12. Leading European nations` policy toward new energy. Report on the regular interchange with energy-related organizations in Europe, fiscal 1997; Europe shuyokoku no shin energy seisaku. 1997 nendo Europe energy kanren kikan tono teiki koryu hokoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    This is a detailed report on a 2-week tour made in May, 1997, as part of the `9th regular interchange with energy-related organizations in Europe,` during which tour visits were paid to energy agencies and institutes of Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden, Denmark, and France, and on-site investigations were conducted. The text describes, taking reference to a rich stock of data it carries, the nature, politics and economy, demand for energy, policy toward new energy, for each of the host countries. In the European countries, with the exception of France, efforts are being exerted to introduce new energy and to enhance its application, renewable energy in particular, in place of atomic power. The expectation they entertain toward new energy is far extensive than that of Japan which retains atomic power generation. Although wind power generation enjoys the overwhelming popularity over others, yet, in Germany and Sweden, it will be difficult for this technology to take the place of atomic power generation completely. As for photovoltaic power generation, not so much is expected from this technology as in Japan because of their climate and weather. 67 figs., 10 tabs.

  13. Regional new energy vision for Kamaishi City. Energy to create community's future out of natural resources; 2001 nendo Kamaishi shi chiiki shin energy vision. Megumi kara machi no mirai wo tsukuru energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Kamaishi City, Iwate Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the amount of energy needed by the city, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The city consumed 5,334 times 10{sup 12}J in fiscal 1999, which amount occupied 0.034% of the nation-wide consumption. Concerning the total consumed by the city, the manufacturing sector was responsible for 36% and the transportation sector for 24%. Oil provided 60% of the energy, and electric power 24%. These percentages were similar to those found across the nation. The amount of carbon dioxide emissions was estimated to be equivalent to 463-million kg-CO2. Projects for new energy introduction were studied, which included photovoltaic power generation for primary and junior high school buildings, the new city office, road signs along the municipal roads, and the harbor area; hybrid photovoltaic/wind power generation for a newly built fish market; solar heat utilization for heating frozen roads; wind power generation for the Wayama and Naranoki stock farms and for the harbor area; and a business for utilizing waste heat discharged by Kamaishi City's Eco-Town project. (NEDO)

  14. The effectiveness of shin guards used by football players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatar, Yasar; Ramazanoglu, Nusret; Camliguney, Asiye Filiz; Saygi, Evrim Karadag; Cotuk, Hasan Birol

    2014-01-01

    In football, injuries from opponent contact occur commonly in the lower extremities. FIFA the world's governing body for football requires players to wear shin guards. The aim of this study was to compare the protective effectiveness of polypropylene based shin guards with custom-made carbon fiber ones. Three commercial polypropylene shin guards (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™) and two custom-made carbon fiber shin guards were examined. The experimental setup had the following parts: 1) A pendulum attached a load cell at the tip (CAS Corp., Korea) and a fixed prosthetic foot equipped with a cleat to simulate an attacker's foot. 2) An artificial tibia prepared by condensed foam and reinforced by carbon fibers protected with soft clothing. 3) A multifunctional sensor system (Tekscan Corp., F-Socket System, Turkey) to record the impact on the tibia. In the low impact force trials, only 2.79-9.63 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. When comparing for mean force, peak force and impulse, both carbon fiber shin guards performed better than the commercial ones (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™) (p = 0.000). Based on these same parameters, the Nike Mercurial™ provided better protection than the Adidas Predator™ and the Adidas UCL™ (p = 0.000). In the high impact force trials, only 5.16-10.90 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. For peak force and impulse, the carbon fiber shin guards provided better protection than all the others. Carbon fiber shin guards possess protective qualities superior to those of commercial polypropylene shin guards. Key PointsShin guards decrease the risk of serious injuries.Carbon shin guards provide sufficient protection against high impact forces.Commercially available Polypropylene based shin guards do not provide sufficient protection against high impact forces.

  15. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on data collection for development of new energy technology (fuel cell); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (nenryo denchi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report is composed of Part 1: the development trend of fuel cells in fiscal 1998, and Part 2: the collected data and appendices. Part 1 includes 4 chapters, (1) The outline of the development trend, (2) Stationary fuel cell, (3) The development trend of fuel cell vehicles, and (4) The development trend of small transportable fuel cells. The report newly includes the development trend of small-capacity fuel cells and the report on 1998 Fuel Cell Seminar notable as an international conference on fuel cell summarizing the trend of fuel cells in fiscal 1998, as compared with the fiscal 1997 report. Part 2 is the collected data on domestic and foreign demonstration operation results of fuel cells, and technical development of every fuel cell. In addition to various collected data on the whole of fuel cells and their use techniques, Part 2 includes the principle, features, system configuration, performance simulation technique, application and market analysis of fuel cells, and the national policy and concerned laws on a subsidy system for introduction of fuel cells, for example. (NEDO)

  16. Report on the achievements in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1988. Surveys and studies on arranging the conditions for commercializing new energy technologies; 1988 nendo shin energy gijutsu no kigyoka joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-03-01

    The current fiscal year has surveyed and studied to have coal liquefying plants and the different existing industrial plants put into a complex. When structuring specifically the commercialization of the coal liquefaction process, some kind of complex formation is required from its business size and economic performance. From this viewpoint, the current fiscal year has performed discussions with economic performance as an additional item on forming a complex with (1) petroleum refining industry, (2) iron and steel making industry, (3) chemical industry, and (4) electric power generating industry. Investigations were also carried out on the feasibility of systems thereof and the technological problems therein. In the subject (1), if coal liquefied oil is introduced into a petroleum refining process, and both oils can be mixed, construction cost of the coal liquefaction plant and the oil cost per barrel may be decreased. In the subject (2), forming a complex of a converter integrated steel mill having a crude ore production scale of 600,000 tons a year with a coal liquefaction plant having a scale of 30,000 tons a day will present problems in the balance of facility size and quantity. In the subject (3), producing chemicals as by-products as a result of complex formation will enhance the economic performance of the coal liquefaction plant. In the subject (4), a complex formed plant is more advantageous in load variation than ordinary power plants. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Cooperative project on energy conservation seminar; 1999 nendo sho energy seminar kyoryoku jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization), from the viewpoint that the development and popularization of energy conservation technologies are extremely important as energy conservation measures, collected energy related primary information from 12 Asian countries including Japan for the development and popularization of energy conservation technologies, and has constructed a database NEDO/DB. NEDO is now propelling forward its efforts to popularize the database. For popularizing NEDO/DB in Vietnam and for rendering the people conscious of energy conservation, NEDO dispatched some lecturers to an energy conservation seminar sponsored by the Vietnamese Government. The importance of energy conservation promoting measures was highlighted at the seminar. NEDO's approach to AIJ (activities implemented jointly) and CDM (clean development mechanism) was described at the seminar, and a lecture meeting was held to explain NEDO/DB and to teach how to use the database. (NEDO)

  18. FY 2000 report on the results of the Clean Energy Festa; 2000 nendo clean energy festa kekka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For understanding/education for the spread of clean energy vehicles and promotion of recognition/understanding of new energy, the Clean Energy Festa was conducted in Yokote, Akita prefecture, Nagoya, Osaka, Yokohama and Hiroshima, and analysis by questionnaire survey was made. Written below were the details of the questionnaire survey. How you knew of the exhibition: 'by leaflets from school, etc.' is 50.4%; why you came to the exhibition: 'there is something enjoyable about it' is 32.5%; What attracted you: 'solar car workshop' is 34.8%; How much you have known of new energy: 'somewhat known' is 41.5%; How much you understood new energy after seeing the exhibition: 'somewhat understood' is 60.9%; How much you became aware of new energy: 'a little deeply aware' is 59.8%; How much you understood clean energy car after seeing the exhibition: 'somewhat understood' is 58.7%; How much you became aware of clean energy car: 'a little deeply aware' is 60.9%. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1999 research report. Simulation analysis on petroleum substituting energy; 1999 nendo sekiyu daitai energy keiryo bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 research result on simulation analysis on petroleum substituting energy. The simulation model for analyzing social and energy supply and demand structures comprehensively was established by improving the China and Korea models developed in fiscal 1998 through a use of input-output tables. In simulation of the China model, the reference case showed that a primary energy demand in 2030 reaches 3.3 times as much as that in 1997 (2.9 times in CO{sub 2}), resulting in serious energy and environment problems. Reduction of primary energy and CO{sub 2} is possible by promotion of energy saving and introduction of a carbon tax. In simulation of the Korea model, the reference case showed that CO{sub 2} emission in 2030 reaches 2.2 times as much as that in 1997, showing an annual increase rate of 2.4%. The annual increase rate can be reduced by introducing a carbon tax. The simulation model for automobile energy was also established for major countries in Asia. Automobile energy consumption increases with diffusion of automobiles until 2030 gradually. In particular, the consumption in China reaches that in Japan in 2010. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1998 survey report. Petroleum substituting energy metering analysis survey; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Sekiyu daitai energy keiryo bunseki chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In this survey, metering models in the Asian/Pacific region where energy demand is rapidly increasing were constructed which are used for the comprehensive analysis of the relations between changes in social structure such as economic growth, change in industrial structure, and progress in energy conservation technology and new energy technology, and the energy supply/demand structure. The survey was carried out aiming at contributing to the international development of Japan's energy policy in future by quantitatively analyzing/evaluating influences of various energy policies/economic policies on the economy and energy supply/demand, through various kinds of simulation models. In FY 1998, information collection for modeling was made in China and Korea out of the Asian/Pacific region. At the same time, pilot models were constructed, and simulation was made for the standard case. Moreover, an analysis was conducted of the relation between economic growth and motorization in each country of the world as the basic data preparation on energy consumption in the transportation sector. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1998 survey report. Petroleum substituting energy metering analysis survey; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Sekiyu daitai energy keiryo bunseki chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In this survey, metering models in the Asian/Pacific region where energy demand is rapidly increasing were constructed which are used for the comprehensive analysis of the relations between changes in social structure such as economic growth, change in industrial structure, and progress in energy conservation technology and new energy technology, and the energy supply/demand structure. The survey was carried out aiming at contributing to the international development of Japan's energy policy in future by quantitatively analyzing/evaluating influences of various energy policies/economic policies on the economy and energy supply/demand, through various kinds of simulation models. In FY 1998, information collection for modeling was made in China and Korea out of the Asian/Pacific region. At the same time, pilot models were constructed, and simulation was made for the standard case. Moreover, an analysis was conducted of the relation between economic growth and motorization in each country of the world as the basic data preparation on energy consumption in the transportation sector. (NEDO)

  2. Report on survey/research on energy-related elementary techniques; Energy kanren yoso gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The survey/research project is implemented for establishing environment-compatible energy systems in urban areas by constructing wide-area heat supply networks to exchange energy among cities. This project studies, taking Kanagawa Pref. as the model area, distributions of unutilized energy sources, and possibilities of their utilization for heat supply. There are large quantities of unutilized energy, including waste heat from power plants, general works and cleaning works, and low-temperature waste heat from, e.g., sewage and pumping systems. The district air conditioning promotion areas are selected from those consuming large quantities of heat energy in the prefecture, and their characteristics are grasped. The effects of the networks on total energy consumption of the entire prefecture are estimated for the cases of introducing the district air conditioning systems or wide-area heat supply networks in these selected areas. Introduction of optimum advanced heat utilization systems in stereotyped areas is also considered, in order to predict the effects of introduction of wide-area heat supply networks. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1997 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1997 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `Chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level, the R and D was conducted of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology, ultra high accuracy shading system technology, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technology, ultra high tech cleaning basic technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. This R and D is a greatly influential basic research in the whole industrial field, and therefore, it is necessary that researchers standing foremost in each field of industry/university/government join the project and that various R and D infrastructures are made the most of. For this, the concentrated joint research method and the dispersed joint research method are combined, and the R and D is being conduced by equal partnership of each researcher. 421 refs., 823 figs., 91 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 1996 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1996 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level which is a basic technology in the electronic information field, a key to the realization of the high grade information society and a common technology base giving marked influences to the wide range industrial field, the R and D was started of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology to draw pictures on metal and crystal surfaces using ultra short wavelength laser beams, shading system technology of shading mask to be used to the process of drawing ultra high accuracy and complicated figures, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technologies which become the base of ultra thin films and ultra fine etching using plasma, ultra high tech cleaning base technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. 137 refs., 358 figs., 38 tabs.

  5. Overview of FY1997 human media technology R and D; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports a summary of results in fiscal 1997 of research and development of human media technology. Fiscal 1997 launched design and trial fabrication of the following items: interface to improve efficiency and safety of plant operators, accommodation of multimedia contents to aid Kansei design, city development design aiding technologies using contents retrieval and presentation technologies and virtual reality, and empirical evaluation technologies for safety, comfort and convenience. Specific study assignments were extracted on a virtual media technology, a Kansei media technology and a knowledge media technology being three elementary technologies for human media to make clear the research and development approaches to be taken in the coming fiscal years. In addition, a human media technology committee, a research and development working group, and an investigation working group were established. Also launched were investigations on research trends in the human media technology, and investigative researches on contacts of information needs in industries with human media. 59 refs., 114 figs., 24 tabs.

  6. The Effectiveness of Shin Guards Used by Football Players

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasar Tatar

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In football, injuries from opponent contact occur commonly in the lower extremities. FIFA the world’s governing body for football requires players to wear shin guards. The aim of this study was to compare the protective effectiveness of polypropylene based shin guards with custom-made carbon fiber ones. Three commercial polypropylene shin guards (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™ and two custom-made carbon fiber shin guards were examined. The experimental setup had the following parts: 1 A pendulum attached a load cell at the tip (CAS Corp., Korea and a fixed prosthetic foot equipped with a cleat to simulate an attacker’s foot. 2 An artificial tibia prepared by condensed foam and reinforced by carbon fibers protected with soft clothing. 3 A multifunctional sensor system (Tekscan Corp., F-Socket System, Turkey to record the impact on the tibia. In the low impact force trials, only 2.79-9.63 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. When comparing for mean force, peak force and impulse, both carbon fiber shin guards performed better than the commercial ones (Adidas Predator™, Adidas UCL™, and Nike Mercurial™ (p = 0.000. Based on these same parameters, the Nike Mercurial™ provided better protection than the Adidas Predator™ and the Adidas UCL™ (p = 0.000. In the high impact force trials, only 5.16-10.90 % of the load was transmitted to the sensors. For peak force and impulse, the carbon fiber shin guards provided better protection than all the others. Carbon fiber shin guards possess protective qualities superior to those of commercial polypropylene shin guards.

  7. Summary of reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Solar energy; 1979 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Taiyo energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-04-01

    This report is a compilation of all outlines of the results concerning 'solar energy' for which R and D was carried out as a part of Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. The research subjects (items of the studies) are written below. 1. Solar energy system (measurement of spectral irradiance, utilization system, and meteorological investigation); 2. Solar thermal power generation system; 3. Photovoltaic power generation system (basic research on solar cells, silicon vertical ribbon crystal, silicon horizontal ribbon crystal, particle non-acceleration growth type thin film silicon crystal, particle acceleration growth type thin film silicon crystal, new type solar cells, secondary to quaternary compound semiconductor solar cells, and photovoltaic power generation system); 4. Solar cooling, heating and hot water supply system (evaluation system, newly-built private residential system, existing private residential system, multiple dwelling system, large building system, synthetic resin materials, glass based materials, and metallic materials); 5. Solar energy new utilization method (new power generation system and materials); 6. R and D on solar thermal power generation plant (R and D on pilot plant, experimental research for developing plant on curved surface converging method, and experimental research for developing plant on tower converging method). (NEDO)

  8. Summary of achievement reports on the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978 (Hydrogen energy); 1978 nendo seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-04-01

    This paper summarizes achievement reports on the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978 (hydrogen energy). In hydrogen manufacturing methods, studies are described on materials of membranes and electrodes used in high temperature and pressure electrolysis. In thermo-chemical method, studies are continuing on cycles of the iron system, iodine system, and mixed system (composed by thermal, photo and electro-chemistries). For the iodine system, summary design was performed on an experimental device. For the mixed system, trial fabrication and experiments were carried out on a beam radiation type electrolytic tank that electrolyses quickly HI and Fe{sup 3+} produced in the photo-chemical reaction, and separates the products. Discussions were also given on HI decomposition (hydrogen acquisition) by means of heat diffusion. With respect to storage and transportation, development is being made on optimal metal hydrides. In combustion technologies, discussions are given on combustors and catalysts to break through the dilemma of high NOx emission and frequent occurrence of reverse ignition. For fuel cells, the paper describes developments of the materials thereof, high-temperature solid electrolyte type fuel cells and alkaline aqueous solution electrolyte type fuel cells. Regarding the non-steady hydrogen engines, the paper describes fundamental studies on non-steady jet flow behavior using shock tubes, and single cylinder engine tests. It also describes hydrogen safety assuring measures, and studies on energy systems. (NEDO)

  9. Summarized achievement report on the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1980 (Hydrogen energy); 1980 nendo seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-04-01

    This paper summarizes the achievement report on the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1980 for hydrogen energy research. In hydrogen manufacturing using the electrolytic process, improvements were made on membranes and electrodes. Solid electrolyte electrolysis is also under research. Researches are continued on reaction, separating operation, and device materials for the iodine system cycle in the thermo-chemical method. In the iron system cycle, a reaction experimenting equipment was fabricated on the trial basis, and tests and evaluation were performed on the material and heat balances. In the mixed system cycle, researches on the light irradiation electrolytic process were continued, whereas the light collecting rate was raised by using a lens to increase light intensity, having enhanced successfully the reaction rate to 60 to 80%. A heat diffusion column for HI decomposition and separation (hydrogen acquisition) was discussed in terms of chemical engineering. Development works are continued on metal hydrides for hydrogen transportation, and durability tests are also being performed. Same applies to hydrogen storage. A model burner was fabricated on the trial basis, and catalytic combustion was studied as development of a combustion technology that matches the requirements for safe hydrogen combustion and suppression of NOx emission. Searches were continued on catalysts and solid electrolyte materials for fuel cells. Thin film sold electrolyte fuel cells constructed by using the evaporation process are also being studied. The paper also describes measures for hydrogen safety assurance and researches on energy systems. (NEDO)

  10. Summary of the FY 1988 Sunshine Project results. Hydrogen energy; 1988 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-04-01

    Outlined herein are the results of researches on hydrogen energy as part of the FY 1988 Sunshine Project results. Researches on the techniques for producing hydrogen by electrolysis of water using a polymer electrolyte include development of power-supplying materials for electrolysis at high current density, and basic studies on the electrolysis using an OH ion conducting type polymer electrolyte. Researches on the techniques for producing hydrogen by electrolysis with hot steam include development of the materials, techniques for processing these materials, and electrolysis performance tests. Researches on the techniques for transporting hydrogen by metal hydrides include development of hydrogen-occluding alloys of high bulk density, and techniques for evaluating characteristics of metal hydrides. Researches on the techniques for storing hydrogen include those on alloy molding/processing techniques, hydrogen-storing metallic materials, and new hydrogen-storing materials. Researches on the techniques for utilizing hydrogen include those on energy conversion techniques using hydrogen-occluding alloys, and hydrogen-fueled motors. Researches on the techniques for safety-related measures include those on prevention of embrittlement of the system materials by hydrogen. (NEDO)

  11. Summary of the FY 1989 Sunshine Project results. Hydrogen energy; 1989 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-04-01

    Outlined herein are the results of researches on hydrogen energy as part of the FY 1989 Sunshine Project results. Researches on the techniques for producing hydrogen by electrolysis of water using a polymer electrolyte include those on the SPE electrolysis at high temperature and current density, and basic studies on the electrolysis using an OH ion conducting type polymer electrolyte. Researches on the techniques for producing hydrogen by electrolysis with hot steam include development of the materials, techniques for processing these materials, and electrolysis performance tests. Researches on the techniques for transporting hydrogen by metal hydrides include development of hydrogen-occluding alloys of high bulk density, and techniques for evaluating characteristics of metal hydrides. Researches on the techniques for storing hydrogen include those on hydrogen-storing metallic materials, alloy molding/processing techniques, and new hydrogen-storing materials. Researches on the techniques for utilizing hydrogen include those on energy conversion techniques using hydrogen-occluding alloys, and hydrogen-fueled motors. Researches on the techniques for safety-related measures include those on prevention of embrittlement of the system materials by hydrogen. (NEDO)

  12. Report on bio-energy survey project in Sumoto City; 2001 nendo Sumoto baio energy chosa jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-07-01

    With an intention to solve environmental problems and energy problems simultaneously in Sumoto City, Hyogo prefecture, surveys have been performed on feasibility of introducing biomass energy in the district. The dairy farming in Sumoto City has a trend of increase in the number of livestocks being fed in individual farms, and increase of milking quantity per livestock (increase of sewage discharge amount), with the increase of excessive excreta amount causing a problem. The Sumoto Dairy Farming Association is experiencing generation of excreta of 156 tons a day, which requires manure handling and disposal of 112 tons a day even after deducting the field dispersion. Discussions on a biogas plant with a capacity of 100 tons a day call for biogas generation amount of 2,500 m{sup 3} a day, electric power generation amount of 4,500 kWh a day, fuel cell size of 100 kW x 2 units, and heat generation amount of 6,000 kWh a day. A total of the estimated project cost amounts to 2,450,000,000 yen, the annual running cost to 65,280,000 yen, and the annual income to 82,000,000 yen. The electric power generation cost is 135 yen per kWh, the heat production cost is 952 yen per liter (converted to kerosene), and the saving amount due to excessive electric power and heat utilization amounted to 10,700,000 yen. The annual amount of CO2 reduction is 1330 tons. (NEDO)

  13. Report on Symposium on Pacific Energy Cooperation 2001. Energy Security in Asian Region; Taiheiyo energy kyoryoku kaigi 2001 hokokusho. Asia chiiki no energy anzen hosho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-20

    The Symposium on Pacific Energy Cooperation (SPEC), which started in 1986 to discuss energy problems and international cooperation on energy in the Pacific region, met for 2001 in Tokyo on February 20 and 21, 2001, to discuss Energy Security in Asian Region. The conference comprised two keynote addresses, four sessions, and a panel discussion. Twenty-four countries and an international organization were represented by a total of 785 participants who actively exchanged views and opinions. With Director Tsutomu Toichi, The Institute of Energy Economics, Japan, acting as chairman, two keynote addresses were delivered. Minister of Oil Bijan Namdar Zanganeh of Iran reported on The Role of I. R. Iran in Meeting the Growing Oil and Gas Demand in the Asia-Pacific Region and Potential Cooperation with the Region's Consumers. Managing Director Phil Watts of the Royal Dutch/Shell Group reported on Security in Trust - Meeting Asian Energy Needs in the 21st Century. (NEDO)

  14. Reports on 1981 result of Sunshine Project. Research on conditioning required for industrialization of new energy technology (summary); 1981 nendo shin energy gijutsu kigyoka ni hitsuyona joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu. Yoyakuhen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    In order to decide measures for introducing new energy to the society, the work starts from the investigation of the present state of energy demand, examining feasibility of introducing new energy into the state, and then assuming concretely the circumstances in which new energy is brought into the society to some extent. In the subject research, with 1990 set as a target year, the following examinations are carried out for the purpose of estimating the state of introducing new energy to the Japanese society at such point in time. (a) Feasibility is studied of substituting with new energy on oil users' part at present, with an estimate made on the state of new energy introduction in fiscal 1990. (b) An energy flow analysis is made for the purpose of checking interrelation between the total energy demand structure in Japan and the quantity of introducing new energy as of 1990. (c) On the basis of these results, current various energy-related laws and regulations are reviewed, with policies examined for introducing and promoting new energy. (d) On-site investigation is conducted on relationship with the energy policy of coal producing countries, in the case where a coal liquefaction plant is constructed in such countries and where overseas operations and imports of liquefied oil production are implemented. (NEDO)

  15. New energy vision of the Tagawa city area. Aiming at a town for symbiosis of humans and the environment; 2001 nendo Tagawa shi chiiki shin energy vision. Hito to kankyo ga kyoseisuru machi wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Tagawa City, Fukuoka Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy supply/demand of the city, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the city was estimated at 6,678,932 GJ/y. It consisted of 42% in the industrial sector, 35% in the transportation sector and 23% in the commercial/residential sector. The rate of energy source was 75% of petroleum-base energy and 25% of electric power. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: power generation/thermal exchange/composting by fermentation of methane from stockbreeding waste; environmental preservation type agriculture such as large-scale hothouse using exhaust heat from cement plant; utilization of ground mine water at coal goaf for space cooling and as water source; introduction of photovoltaic power generation/solar energy use hot water supply system to public facilities; introduction of clean energy car to vehicle in welfare/education fields; preparation of a program for energy environment education; preparation of bases for energy environment education. (NEDO)

  16. Protect and bring up forest of Kuse Town. New energy vision at Kuse Town area; 2001 nendo Kuse cho chiiki shin energy vision. Kuse no mori to machi wo mamori sodateru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an objective of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Kuse Town in Okayama Prefecture, investigations and discussions were given on the current situation of energy demand, quantity of new energies available, and the idea of introducing new energies, thus a new energy vision was established. The estimated amount of energy consumption in Kuse Town is 304,768 MWh/year, and the amount of carbon dioxide discharge associated therewith is 22,300 t-C. Regarding the energy consumption by departments, the industrial department accounts for 40%, followed by the transportation department accounting for 30%. The basic new energy introduction ideas have discussed town resident enlightenment and town resident participation projects, bio-mass energy utilization, such as bark combustion plant, procurement of wood resources remaining in forest, ligneous pellet and transportation fuel manufacture, utilization of edible oil into diesel fuel, introduction of photovoltaic power generation at public facilities and places of refuge, introduction of solar heat utilization system into public facilities and homes, large size wind power generation project, introduction of small size wind power generation into road illumination and places of refuge at disaster, small hydro-energy utilization system, and introduction of clean energy fueled automobiles and fuel cells. (NEDO)

  17. Building life utilizing nature's power and friendly to earth. New energy vision in Kami Ishizu Town (Gifu Prefecture); Shizen no chikara wo ikashi chikyu ni yasashii kurashi wo tsukuru. Kamiishizucho shin energy vision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Energy saving and new energy introducing measures were established as the 'utilization of area discrete type new energy technology that can be a model for other districts' as part of the plan in Kami Ishizu Town, the 'creation of nature-rich housing area'. The introduction measures were established by the activities of the establishment deliberation meeting composed of people of experience and academic standing, the introduction discussing committee composed of relevant section managers in the municipal office, and the working teams composed of the young staff. The plan begins in fiscal 2001 and lasts for 15 years. The activities are divided into the preparatory period, the foundation building period, and the developing expansion period, wherein the introduction plans were set for bio-mass energy, wind power energy, and hydro-energy that constitute the major resources. The activity achievements were put into order by the following four items: 1) foreword, 2) circumstances centering on the new energy introduction, 3) the current status of Kami Ishizu Town, and 4) the guideline for new energy introduction in Kami Ishizu Town. In Item 2, the district characteristics and the status of existence of new energies were put into order to evaluate the energies available from bio-mass, wind power, hydropower, and solar power. (NEDO)

  18. New energy vision for Kunigami village. Building a Village Friendly to the Environment in the 21st Century; Kunigamison shin energy vision. 21 seiki no shizen kankyo ni yasashii mura zukuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A new energy vision has been formulated for Kunigami village, Okinawa Prefecture, for dealing with environmental problems and for activating the region through the utilization of new energy. It is a 6,000-strong village located at the northern end of the mainland of the Ryukyus, which consumed 35 GWh of electric power in fiscal 1998. The results of activities in this connection are summarized in seven chapters, which are (1) the current state of Kunigami village, (2) current state of new energy, (3) existing amount of new energy, (4) survey using questionnaires, (5) basic policy toward new energy introduction, (6) new energy vision formulation, and (7) a system for new energy introduction. Chapter (6) is constituted of the formulation of new energy projects and conditions to satisfy for their realization, with the projects covering the introduction of photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, small scale hydroelectric power generation, and clean energy vehicles and the implementation of popularizing and enlightening activities. Under the project for popularizing and enlightening activities, information will be disseminated, people will receive education about environments, economic support will be provided, and support will be extended to enterprises for their beginning new energy businesses. The economic support to be provided will involve the introduction of the support systems of the Government and the study of the creation of a village operated support system. (NEDO)

  19. New energy vision of the Chuo town area. Creation of the town of good rapport and the environment; 2001 nendo Okayama ken Chuo cho chiiki shin energy vision. Fureai to junkan no machidukuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Chuo Town, Okayama Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the state of energy utilization of the town, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount in Chuo Town was estimated at 68,482 drums in terms of oil drum, and the amount of CO2 emitted from these was 13,287 t-CO2. To reduce this, the introduction of new energy and energy conservation were studied. As a result, the following were indicated as measures to be originally taken: introduction of solar light/solar heat use equipment to general households; installation of the regional cooperation power plant; each household's keeping of a household account book for the environment; introduction of energy-saving navigation device; activities for preservation of forest/terraced paddy field; ticket for exchange of forest volunteer work for products derived from the forest; campaign for composting of garbage using corrugated cardboard; recovery/recycle of waste cooking oil; full-of-flower gardening 500 movement; regionally consistent environmental education of parent/child participating type; introduction of micro hydraulic turbine; manufacture of products from thinnings by biomass lumber drying; expansion of special products of the area; method of the environmental management, etc. (NEDO)

  20. Kickoff into the future - Community full of light and balmy wind, Naraha. Regional new energy vision for Naraha Town; 2001 nendo Naraha machi chiiki shin energy vision. Mirai he no kick off - Hikari to kaze no machi Naraha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For promoting the introduction of new energy and for enhancing people's consciousness of such at Naraha Town, Fukushima Prefecture, surveys and studies were conducted involving the trend of energy consumption of the town, the amount of new energy resources in existence, and new energy introduction projects, and a vision was formulated. The annual energy consumption of the town is 1,134,300 GJ, with industries consuming 41%, transportation 36%, households 12%, and commerce 11%. The energy comprised 76% from oil based fuels and 24% from electric power. Some new energy introduction projects were discussed, which covered the exhibition, public relations activities, and education through the use of wind power generation and photovoltaic power generation or solar heat utilization for Tenjin Point Sports Park, natural park surrounding the Kidogawa dam, on-the-road station Naraha Michinoeki, solar cars, and hybrid type street lamps; photovoltaic power generation, solar heat utilization, and clean energy vehicles for a special nursing home for elderly people, nursery schools, kindergartens, and a processing center for agriculture, forestry, and fishery products; and disseminating and enlightening activities conducted for people in general and business operators. (NEDO)

  1. Research report. Environmentally friendly energy community research business for Fujieda district (Refuse energy utilization); Fujieda chiku kankyo chowagata energy community chosa jigyo (haikibutsu energy riyo shisetsu) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    An environmentally friendly refuse energy utilizing business, for which RDF (refuse derived fuel) produced out of wastes discharged by industries belonging to a Fujieda city environmental protection council will provide the heat source, is proposed by the said council. The proposal is subjected to a study, a basic plan is drafted, and a decision is made on its profitability. In the study, surveys are conducted on the actualities of wastes and of demand for heat, and specifications are worked out relating to transportation and storage of RDF, production of steam by an RDF-fired boiler, routing of pipes for transmitting the steam to the industries in the district, facility costs, operating costs, etc. It is found that the amount of RDF produced out of the wastes discharged by the council member industries is so small that it can meet the demand of only one industry and that, even if more wastes are collected from a wider area, the increased amount will but meet the demand of two industries and a hot water pool. It is found that the system will be economically feasible, however, if the shortage of RDF-generated energy is covered by an oil-fired boiler and thereby impartiality is established in steam distribution and steam production unit price is reduced. In view of the intensification of control over dioxin, etc., the business will be gaining profit in 2002 and after. (NEDO)

  2. Report on regional new energy vision for Kawara town. Toward the creation of eco-symbiotic community (simplified version); Kawaracho chiiki shin energy vision gaiyoban. Kankyo kyoseigata shakai no sozo ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A regional new energy vision has been formulated for Kawara town, Fukuoka Prefecture, in the hope that the industry, administration, and citizenry will be concerned with each other for the realization of an eco-symbiotic community. The fruits of endeavors exerted for this purpose are described in seven chapters, which are (1) the outline of surveys, (2) local characteristics of Kawara town, (3) policy toward introducing new energy, (4) measures for introducing new energy, (5) study of model projects, (6) introduction of new energy into Kawara town, and (7) efforts to realize the introduction. Described in chapter (5) are the introduction of photovoltaic power generation into primary and junior high schools, heat supply business utilizing waste heat from a plant, energy conservation at administration buildings, development of an activities program for people to learn energy related matters, and the results of studies conducted on the respective model projects. Concerning the activities program, several applications are considered, dependent upon who are to implement the program: volunteer students, local community leaders, experts, or administration officials. For the initial stage of learning under the program, a system is built under which experts, local community leaders, primary and junior highschool children, and their teachers cooperate with each other under the leadership of a project coordinator. (NEDO)

  3. New energy vision at Sabae City. Toward realization of 'environmental international city'; 2001 nendo Sabae shi chiiki shin energy vision. Kankyo kokusai toshi Sabae no jitsugen ni mukete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    With an object of accelerating introduction of and uplifting consciousness on new energies at Sabae City in Fukui Prefecture, a new energy vision was put into order based on the result of the initial stage investigation having been performed in the previous fiscal year. Solar light and solar heat energies will be introduced positively into public facilities, and at the same time works will be implemented to accelerate the proliferation thereof into general households. The target of introduction by the year 2010y is set to 2,600 kW by photovoltaic power generation, and the introduction thereof is planned to schools, nursery schools, municipality operated houses, and unattended facilities. With regard to solar heat water warmer, the present proliferation rate of about 7.3% will be raised to 15%. Regarding wastes generated from industrial areas, efficient energy extraction by thermal recycling is intended on the assumption of suppression of wastes generation, their re-use, and recycling. Systems may include the bio-gas system, cogeneration, and recovery of energies from plastics wastes. For acceleration of proliferation of new energies in general, promotion of introduction will be achieved on mini-wind power generation, small hydroelectric power generation, and fuel cell automobiles. (NEDO)

  4. Bone lesions from overload: shin splint and stress fracture

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Una Gorospe; Jon Andoni; Isla Gallego, Concepcion; Santana Borbones, Aranzazu; Perera Romero, Carmen; Allende Riera, Ana J

    2005-01-01

    There are many stress injuries in the lower extremities due to exercise, and the case we present is an example of two injuries which may present in children or young adults who train excessively. The patient complains of pain and tightness on exercise. The underlying pathology is probably rupture of insertion fibres of the tibial and soleus (Sharpey's fibres) muscles. Probably, there is also periostitis and myositis. Stress fractures and shin splints are often present at the same time in different stages, and both are typical pathologies due to excessive training. Scintigraphy allows identification and early management of shin splints and stress fractures (au)

  5. FY 1991 report on the results of the demonstration test on the methanol conversion at oil-fired power plant. Feasibility study of a new system for the stabilized supply of fuel use methanol; 1991 nendo sekiyu karyoku hatsudensho metanoru tenkan tou jissho shiken. Nenryo you metanoru kyokyu antei ka no tameno shin system no kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    As a part of the project on the demonstration test on the methanol conversion at oil-fired power plant, feasibility study was made of a new system for methanol production by using abundant hydraulic power energy overseas and by combining water electrolysis and coal gasification technology, and the FY 1991 results were summarized. As a result of the survey, the following were selected as water electrolysis facilities: high efficiency/high current density/simplification system and solid polyelectrolyte electrolysis system with a high purity of hydrogen gas. As the coal gasifier, the oxygen blown furnace was selected which has a high carbon utilization factor, is able to gasify coal at high pressure, has no unnecessary N{sub 2}, and is being used in the integrated coal gasification combined cycle power system. As methanol synthesis facilities, the MGC/MHI method super converter was selected. Assuming the output of hydroelectric power generation to be 4,000MW, conceptual design of the optimum system was made. The methanol cost was estimated under the conditions written below: cost of hydroelectric power generation at site: 2-5 yen/kWh, coal unit price at site: 5,000-6,000 yen/t, transportation distance: 5,000-10,000 km. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 2000 research report on the study on new device material, measurement, and analysis technologies for data communication base improvement program; 2000 nendo joho tsushin kiban kodoka program ni kakawaru shin device zairyo keisoku kaiseki gijutsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Concerning the 'new device material, measurement, and analysis technologies' which is one of the important technological constituent of the data communication base improvement program, investigations were conducted as to the future direction of middle-term technology development efforts and the important tasks to discharge. Workshops were organized to deal with the subjects named below, and the results of discussion were made into a report. It is proposed in the report that common recognition be fomented about future feasibility of the development of the new device material, measurement, and analysis technologies; that presentations be made as to how the development of the new device material, measurement, and analysis technologies should be carried out in what direction; that the tasks to discharge for the new device material, measurement, and analysis technologies be clearly defined; and the like. It is also decided that findings offered by experienced people of the industrial, academic, and government circles be fully utilized at deliberation conferences and that studies be conducted for the implementation in the future of the data communication base improvement program. Materials on the 1st-4th semiconductor program study meetings and EIAJ (Electronic Industries Association of Japan)/NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) workshops are collected in the report. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of technologies for creating new organic electroluminescent devices (2nd fiscal year); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shin'yuki electronics ruminessensu device no sosei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 2 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The aim of the efforts was to commercialize a multicolor, organic electroluminescent (EL) display and an energy efficient light source, to develop a highly efficient luminescent material, and to develop a protecting film for use in optical and electronic devices and technologies to seal the protecting film. Achievements in fiscal 1998 are mentioned below. The Kyushu office of Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd., manufactured a uniformly luminescent large screen, and Nisimu Electronic Industry Co., Ltd., fabricated a luminescent organic film by the wet method. As for materials, Dojindo mass-synthesized a hole transfer material, developed a new carrier transfer material, and developed a high-performance luminescent material. Daiden Co., Ltd., produced rare earth complexes and laminated pevskite. As for packaging technology, Shoei Chemical Co. developed a low-expansion glass filler, Kyushu University's Advanced Technology Joint Research Center formed an SiON protecting film on an EL device, and Fukuoka Mechanic and Electric Laboratory produced a DLC (diamond-like carbon) film. (NEDO)

  8. Summary of research achievements in fiscal 1980 in research and development of new energy technologies (Research and development expense); Shin energy gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1980 nendo kenkyu seika no gaiyo. Kenkyu kaihatsuhi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-07-01

    This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1980 of new energy research at the General Research Institute of Electronics Technologies using the NEDO's development expense. To optimize the heat and electric power composite solar system, analyses were performed on heat production, devices and materials, and economy of the whole experimental facilities of the original model. Fundamental researches are being made on crystalline silicon, thin amorphous film and compound semiconductor solar cells. The solar thermionic generation element producing equipment installed in the previous fiscal year has produced and tested different types of electrodes, and operated the modules for an extended period of time. Measurement data of solar beam in ultraviolet, visible and near infrared zones were processed statistically, whereas the research work has been completed in the current fiscal year, having established successfully the reference solar radiation. In the hydrogen manufacturing technology using high-temperature direct pyrolysis, fundamental discussions were given on effects of electric and magnetic fields on dissociation of steam, and diffusion and separation of hydrogen by using permeation membranes. For hydrogen fuel cells, trial fabrication and tests were continued on single cells by using mainly the high frequency sputtering process. Experiments were continued on a solid electrolyte fuel cell system. Researches are under way as comprehensive study on such technological seeds as power generation using ocean temperature difference, and superconduction magnets for energy storage (NEDO)

  9. FY 1994 report on the survey and research of introduction, promotion of proliferation and guidance on new energy introduction. Pt. 2; 1994 nendo shin energy donyu fukyu sokushin shido ni kansuru chosa kenkyu. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Survey, collection and analysis were performed on different items of information required for new energy technologies. Studies were carried out to structure a system to support smooth execution of technical guidance and consultation. Among the project areas for field tests on photovoltaic power generation systems for public facilities, measurements were executed on hourly power demand in facilities in snowy and cold districts with little data available. In putting different items of information into a database, data were collected and put into order for the following items: statistics on average value for ten years of insolation time in 842 locations nationwide, calculation of insolation on slanted surface at the insolation measuring points (slanting angles and insolation on the slanted surface at which energy amount available for power generation is maximized in a year, as obtained by estimating the insolation on horizontal surface from the insolation duration), and expansion and addition of the introduction examples. Specifications for solar cell modules and inverters were classified and put into order, and so were on types, specifications, and product descriptions for photovoltaic power generation systems for individuals' houses. The aid system structured in the previous year was discussed for improvement, and new information was put into a database to improve the aid system. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1994 report on the survey and research of introduction, promotion of proliferation and guidance on new energy introduction. Pt. 2; 1994 nendo shin energy donyu fukyu sokushin shido ni kansuru chosa kenkyu. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Survey, collection and analysis were performed on different items of information required for new energy technologies. Studies were carried out to structure a system to support smooth execution of technical guidance and consultation. Among the project areas for field tests on photovoltaic power generation systems for public facilities, measurements were executed on hourly power demand in facilities in snowy and cold districts with little data available. In putting different items of information into a database, data were collected and put into order for the following items: statistics on average value for ten years of insolation time in 842 locations nationwide, calculation of insolation on slanted surface at the insolation measuring points (slanting angles and insolation on the slanted surface at which energy amount available for power generation is maximized in a year, as obtained by estimating the insolation on horizontal surface from the insolation duration), and expansion and addition of the introduction examples. Specifications for solar cell modules and inverters were classified and put into order, and so were on types, specifications, and product descriptions for photovoltaic power generation systems for individuals' houses. The aid system structured in the previous year was discussed for improvement, and new information was put into a database to improve the aid system. (NEDO)

  11. Tibial Stress Injuries: Decisive Diagnosis and Treatment of "Shin Splints."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couture, Christopher J.; Karlson, Kristine A.

    2002-01-01

    Tibial stress injuries, commonly called shin splints, often result when bone remodeling processes adopt inadequately to repetitive stress. Physicians who are caring for athletic patients must have a thorough understanding of this continuum of injuries, including medial tibial stress syndrome and tibial stress fractures, because there are…

  12. Survey for making a data book related to the development of new energy technology (the photovoltaic power generation); Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (taiyoko hatsuden)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A data book related to the photovoltaic power generation was made as a part of the systematical preparation of new energy related data. The paper arranged the importance of introducing the photovoltaic power system and the CO2 reduction effect at levels such as the government, local government, industries and individuals which are users. Described were the production quantity by region/type/company, shipment by usage, production amount and prices of solar cells. Arranged was the situation of policies on the photovoltaic power generation in Japan and developed countries. Examples of the introduction in countries including Japan were examined to know the introduction quantity and target. The paper introduced the subsidy system, preferential tax system and loan system for the introduction of the photovoltaic power system in Japan. The flow was summed up from the planning of the system introduction to the installation. The status of handling with the system introduction of government related organs and local governments was stated. The paper showed a list of the companies related to the photovoltaic power system and the references of solar cell makers and solar system installation makers. The development is so quickly made that the renewal every year of the system and the quality enhancement are required. 32 figs., 112 tabs.

  13. Fiscal 1974 research report. General research on hydrogen energy subsystems; 1974 nendo suiso riyo subsystem sogoteki kento hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    Based on the contract research 'General research on hydrogen energy subsystems and their peripheral technologies' with Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, each of 7 organizations including Denki Kagaku Kyokai (Electrochemical Association) promoted the research on hydrogen energy subsystem, combustion, fuel cell, car engine, aircraft engine, gas turbine and chemical energy, respectively. This report summarizes the research result on the former of 2 committees on hydrogen energy and peripheral technologies promoted by Denki Kagaku Kyokai. The first part describes the merit, demerit, domestic and overseas R and D states, technical problems, and future research issue for every use form of hydrogen. This part also outlines the short-, medium- and long-term prospects for use of hydrogen and oxygen energy, and describes the whole future research issue. The second part summarizes the content of each committee report. Although on details the original reports of each committee should be lead, this report is useful for obtaining the outline of utilization of hydrogen energy. (NEDO)

  14. Research report of fiscal 1997. Study on total energy and material control (feasibility study on circulating society); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Total energy and material control ni kansuru chosa (junkangata shakai kochiku kanosei chosa) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In order to construct real sustainable global environment and human society in the 21st century called the century of environment, not only the innovation of manufacturing processes technically supporting such the construction but also the conception including the innovation of the whole society from a wide viewpoint are essential. As a total energy and material control system (TEMCOS) concept, the view of an energy-saving circulating society is attempted which minimizes a total energy and material flow in Japan, and the role and issue of manufacturing industry, in particular, material industry are extracted. As one of the targets of such a concept, the conception of an eco-town is also described. Paying attention on some important material industries including a mass material flow and consuming a large amount of energy such as metal, plastics and automobile industries, the study result on a material flow for every industry is arranged, and some effective issues contributing to minimize a material flow and control energy consumption and CO2 emission are extracted. 80 refs., 67 figs., 30 tabs.

  15. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 survey. R and D of high efficiency clean energy vehicles; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kokoritsu clean energy jidosha no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of developing an automobile which keeps low pollution using petroleum substituting clean energy, decreases the running energy consumption to a half at least, and reduces the CO2 emission to less than a half of the conventional one at the same time, the R and D started in fiscal 1997. As to the study of a high efficiency hybrid power system, conducted were the prediction of fuel consumption performance of the system proposed, evaluation of element technology using hybrid simulator, evaluation experiment on a new hybrid vehicle, and grasp of overseas trends. In relation to the development of hybrid vehicles, the following were studied: methanol fuel cell loading hybrid vehicle, CNG engine loading hybrid vehicle, CNG ceramic engine loading hybrid truck, CNG lean burn engine loading hybrid truck, LNG engine loading hybrid bus, and DME engine loading hybrid bus. Besides, a survey on synthetic fuel and the related survey were carried out. 17 refs., 185 figs., 101 tabs.

  16. Survey report on the development/utilization of petroleum substitution energy in the Pacific region; Taiheiyo chiiki sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu riyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper collected/analyzed data on petroleum substitution energy in the Pacific region. In fiscal 1996, in addition to collection of the existing energy data, conducted were collection of energy data made retroactive from 1971, and time-series collection of the energy related expanded data including energy related production statistics/social statistics, energy consumption amount by industry, power generation facilities, oil production facilities, and environmental data. As to petroleum substitution energy, the paper took up new energy such as hydroelectric, nuclear, geothermal, photovoltaic, and wind power generation, and commercial-base renewable energy. As a result of the analysis, the supply of petroleum substitution energy in the whole Pacific region has been stable, 6.6% during 1980-1990, 7.4% in the first half of the 1990s, largely over the primary energy supply. The supply of nuclear power was overwhelmingly large, followed by hydroelectric energy and geothermal/new energy. 15 figs., 23 tabs.

  17. FY 2000 Project report on survey for drawing district energy-saving visions for City of Ginowan; 2000 nendo Ginowan-shi sho energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The Ginowan municipal energy-saving vision drawing committee is established. It is responsible for drawing the energy-saving visions for the city, to study the basic guidelines and promotion measures for energy saving and promote the energy-saving measures suitable for the local characteristics. The studied items include background of and basic guidelines for the plans, analysis of energy consumption, survey on energy-saving consciousness and actual situations, prediction of potentially saved energy, drawing of the basic plans for energy saving and plan implementation programs, and surveys on preceding examples. The action plans include green planning for and revamping of public facilities, green purchasing, energy-saving diagnosis, drawing the design guidelines for energy saving and environmental considerations in public facilities, introduction of low-pollution local transportation systems, drawing the environment-related technology lists, including energy saving, and promotion of clean energy vehicles. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1998 research report. Research on energy conversion technology using biomass resources; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Biomass shigen wo genryo to suru energy henkan gijutsu ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Feasibility study was made on construction of the new energy production system by thermochemical conversion or combination of thermochemical and biological conversions of agricultural, fishery and organic waste system biomass resources. This report first outlines types and characteristics of biomass over the world, proposes the classification method of biomass from the viewpoint of biomass energy use, and shows the introduction scenario of biomass energy. The energy potential is calculated of agricultural waste, forestry waste and animal waste as the most promising biomass energy resources, and the biomass energy potential of energy plantation is estimated. The present and future of biochemical energy conversion technologies are viewed. The present and future of thermochemical energy conversion technologies are also viewed. Through evaluation of every conversion technology, the difference in feature between each conversion technology was clarified, and the major issues for further R and D were showed. (NEDO)

  19. Report on current status of petroleum substituting energy development in the EU in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (EU))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The EU is one of the most advanced places of petroleum substituting energy development. The EU is highly aware of environmental issues. For the COP3 held at Kyoto in December 1997, The EU gave more severe regulation of CO2 emission than the other advanced countries. The EU takes efforts in the development and introduction of energy effective for global environmental protection. In addition, research and development of geothermal, biomass and wave force energy are actively promoted in this place. Energy situations in this place are significant for predicting and analyzing the future trends of energy development and consumption in the other countries. Firstly, this report looks back toward energy demand held in check to a head at the beginning of the 1990`s. Secondly, supply of energy and cover of energy trend are described for recent years from the point of view. Thirdly, competitiveness of energy in EU countries are discussed from a position of energy density. Fourthly, circumstances about environmental issues are considered. Fifthly, the world market of energy is also considered. Finally, development of new energy and a trend of introduction with a sample of Sweden are introduced. 13 refs., 15 figs., 28 tabs.

  20. Project report on drawing district energy-saving visions for Town of Nishi Senboku; Nishi Senboku machi sho energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Studied in this project are concrete energy-saving procedures, and potentially saved energy and abated CO2 emissions in Town of Nishi Senboku, to promote energy saving and abatement of gas emissions which cause global warming. The energy-saving procedures studied include co-generation, utilization of waste heat, wind power generation, utilization of low-temperature heat by snow, fuel-efficient vehicles, use of insulators for houses, energy-saving type electric appliances, energy-saving activities, and eco-driving. The results indicate that the energy-saving activities and eco-driving can potentially more contribute to energy saving than the others. The study on introduction of energy-saving facilities in the 'Nukumori Hot Spring/Umeria' project indicates that the heat pump plus co-generation case is the most advantageous, because it can potentially reduce primary energy by 2,845,215MJ/y and CO2 emissions by 22,688kg-C/y. Introduction of energy-saving facilities is also studied for an information center in the Nishi-Senboku service area for the Akita Highway. The results indicate that the introduction can potentially reduce primary energy and CO2 emissions by 25 and 13%, respectively. (NEDO)

  1. Report on investigation of initial stage of energy-saving vision in Ikeda City region; Ikedashi sho energy vision shoki dankai chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Investigation was conducted for the purpose of deciding energy-saving vision in the region of Ikeda City, Osaka Prefecture. Ikeda City is lower in the use of electric lights per household than Osaka Prefecture or the whole country, and is higher in the consumption of city gas. The carbon dioxide exhaust of the City is less compared with that of Osaka Prefecture or the whole country. As to new energy, there is a good possibility of the use of solar energy. As a result of energy conservation diagnosis, about 25% energy saving was found possible in the government office building jointly used by the City and the Prefecture, and 21% in Kitateshima Junior High School. From these investigative results, proposals were made for the basic policy of the energy saving vision; they were, for example, to enrich one's life style by promoting efficient use of energy, to build an urban structure having less energy load, to enhance all citizens' consciousness about energy, to change the way of living by the community unit, to take the lead in energy conservation as the city administration to set an example for the whole city, to foster the environmental industry by dealing with energy problems, and to have a long-term outlook and tackle the issue with stress placed on feasible projects. (NEDO)

  2. Report on current status of petroleum substituting energy development in the USA in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (Beikoku))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In the last twenty-five years, the level of social recognition for the importance of energy conservation grew progressively from a total nonexistence of concern to the driving force that ensures the future environmental health of the nation and the world. Executive Order 12003, relating to energy policy and conservation, was signed by President Jimmy Carter and dated July 20, 1977. In 1992, President Clinton issued Executive Order 12759 - federal Energy Management. Each agency will prescribe policies under which its industrial facilities in the aggregate increase energy efficiency by at least 20% in fiscal 2000 in comparison to fiscal 1985. Current Federal programs for building efficiency are estimated to result in 31.5 billion dollars in annual energy saving for consumers by 2010. Future trends attract attention. The major programs currently in force to implement these policies and directives include Rebuild America, Million Solar Roofs Initiative, Home Energy Rating Systems, and Weatherization Assistance Program. 37 refs., 1 fig., 6 tabs.

  3. Report for fiscal 2001 investigations on energy saving assistance institutions in different countries; 2001 nendo kakkoku no sho energy shien seido ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Taking up China, India, Indonesia and Thailand as the object, investigations were performed on political financing measures that can be used for installing energy saving facilities, and on applicable preferential taxation systems that are applied in each country. Indonesia has no aid measures such as subsidies and political financing directly purposed for energy conservation. Import duty exemption is applied for the purpose of promoting investments. Three kinds of funds are available through IFCT to implement fund aid to protect the environment. Energy saving fund has been established as an energy saving policy to provide subsidies. Energy saving machineries recognized by the investment committee are exempted from the import duties. India has no political financing measures directly purposed for energy conservation. Its preferential taxation system for energy conservation includes the 100% accelerated amortization system for energy saving machineries and facilities, and the preferential import duty system. In China, the financing from the China National Development Bank is considered utilizable in installing energy saving facilities. The country has no aid measures in the taxation system, but fund aid and subsidy by supplementing interest are provided. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 research report on the basic research on energy saving for Huta Katowice, Poland; 1998 nendo Poland Katowice seitetsusho sho energy kihon chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For reduction of greenhouse effect gas emission by Japan- Poland joint project, research was made on the improvement plan of Huta Katowice, a typical ironworks in Poland. The applicability of energy saving facilities was studied for the coke factory, sintering factory, blast furnace and converter which are consuming the most amount of energy in Huta Katowice, from the viewpoints of the amount of energy saving and CO{sub 2} reduction, and an investment effect. Research was also made on the power plant, flow of by-product gas, generated energy and purchased energy for obtaining the total energy consumption. From the energy saving research results for every process, the priority of the improvement plan was prepared. The proposed plan showed huge reduction of energy and greenhouse effect gas emission. Although the plan is too serious for comfort because of current low energy cost in Poland, it becomes reasonable if a lower-interest fund loan is granted, from the viewpoint of an investment effect. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Data collection, analysis, and investigation for energy efficiency improvement; 1999 nendo energy shohi koritsuka joho shushu bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With economy growing at a fast pace in the Asia-Pacific region in recent years, demand for energy is sharply increasing in various industries, and the demand is expected to continue to grow. It is afraid that the trend may extend to other developing regions such as East Europe. It is, and will remain to be, important to prevent warming, assure sustained economic development, and secure stable supply of energy on the global scale. The survey in this report aims to grasp the trends of energy efficiency improvement in Asia-Pacific nations, in other developing nations, and in developed nations as well, to ultimately serve the best interests of Japan. For the achievement of the goal, Japan's attitude toward energy conservation promotion activities is expressed at international conferences on energy conservation promotion such as those of APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference) in the Asia-Pacific region and of environmental/energy-saving conferences of IEA (International Energy Agency) in Europe and America. On these occasions, information is collected and overseas technical literature is obtained thanks to the established coordination with United Nations-affiliated organizations and key persons in various countries. Data and information thus acquired are utilized for the investigation and analysis of energy conservation technologies and policies adopted and diffused in the respective nations involved. Using them, promotion of energy conservation policies in the Asia-Pacific region and establishment of environmental friendliness are also investigated. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the project of drawing energy-saving visions for the Town of Sayo district; Sayomachi chiiki sho energy vision sakutei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The survey/study is conducted to draw the district energy visions for Town of Sayo, Hyogo Pref. The town as a whole consumes energy at 1,269,040GJ/y, or 140,817MJ/y per capita, which is about 1.2 times larger than the nationwide average. By energy source, electric power accounts for 43%, and oil products 53%. The town as a whole emits carbon dioxide at 18,900,403kg-C/y, or 2,097kg-C/y per capita, which is lower than the nationwide average. The short-term (1 year or less), medium-term (3 year or less) and long-term (5 years or less) targets are drawn by employees of the town offices, citizens and entrepreneurs for energy-saving directions (saving of power for air conditioning by adjusting clothes, wider use of bicycles and public trains). Those facilities investigated for promoting energy saving include those for the town office buildings, solar energy system for producing hot water for town-operated swimming pool, and solar energy system and photovoltaic system for Harima Observatory Park. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1974 report on the results of the Sunshine Project. Technology assessment of hydrogen energy technology; 1974 nendo suiso energy gijutsu no technology assessment seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-04-30

    This is aimed at studying the relation between the technology development of hydrogen energy and the society. In Chapter 1, a meaning of technology assessment was examined. When applying it to the hydrogen energy technology, the paper presented what content it has. In Chapter 2, the needs for hydrogen energy in society were made clear in comparison with the energy supply/demand structure in Japan and characteristics of hydrogen energy. In Chapter 3, the paper showed what kinds of technology are being developed to meet the needs in this society and arranged viewpoints for evaluating the effectiveness of the technology. In Chapter 4, the paper studied the positioning of hydrogen energy technology in the future society, and presented as examples more than one hydrogen energy/system plans which become the base to describe the impact of the technology on the society. If taking technology assessment as a part of the communication activities between the technology development and the society as did in this study, these system plans are something like the ring for people in each field to talk with. In Chapter 5, the study made from each aspect was arranged. (NEDO)

  8. Report on feasibility study of energy-saving visions for City of Mitaka; Mitaka-shi sho energy vision feasibility study hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The feasibility study is implemented to concretely promote the project for the (new energy/energy-saving visions for the City of Mitaka area) aimed at abatement of green effect gases which cause global warming, for which the public facilities are investigated to collect information related to the energy-saving project, and the implementation schemes are studied from the operational and fund aspects. A total of 60 public facilities in the city are studied for energy-saving potentials and their characteristics through the questionnaires and simulation, and placed in the order of priority. The project implementation simulation is conducted, to grasp the long-term energy-saving effect, energy cost reduction and CO2 abatement potentials, if the project is actually implemented. The studies on the 10 facilities indicate that power consumption can be possibly reduced by 1.45 million kWh in the initial year, and the accumulated introduction and abatement costs indicate that the project will produce the first profit of around 49 million yen in 2012. CO2 can be abated by 230 tons-C/year on the average during the 2008 to 2012 period. (NEDO)

  9. FY 2000 report on the measuring/analytical survey of petroleum substituting energy; 2000 nendo sekiyu daitai energy keiryo bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Looking for effective policy on petroleum substituting energy, measuring models were made for analyzing relations between changes in social structure and energy supply/demand structure. Through the simulation using these models, effects of difference in energy policy on economy and energy supply/demand were studied. Countries for survey were Thailand, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, China and Korea. The measuring model is composed of the macroeconomic model and the energy supply/demand model. In the case of Korea, the interindustry-relations model was added. Using the macroeconomic model, asked were fluctuations in various economic activities/industrial structure/price/trade balance such as GDP and crude steel production by inputting overseas indices, population indices and financial indices such as the world trade, crude oil price and exchange rates. In FY 2000, for ASEAN countries, data were collected for analysis of relations between changes in economical/social structure and energy supply/demand structure. Using the pilot model constructed, the simulation was made on the standard case. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 2000 regional new energy vision formulation - Financially aided project. Report on regional new energy vision formulation for Ueno village (Object of survey: Commercialization feasibility study for a stand-alone type wind power generation system at Ueno German Culture Village); 2000 nendo Uenoson chiiki shin energy vision sakutei hokokusho. Ueno Doitsu bunkamura dokuritsugata furyoku hatsuden system jigyoka feasibility study chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    A survey is conducted about the profitability of installing a stand-alone type wind power system at Ueno village (Miyako Island), Okinawa Prefecture. The German Culture Village, which is an integrated resort house provided with accommodations (500 people), educational and cultural facilities, and sports facilities consumes 272 MWh/year in electric power. The results of the survey are summarized in six chapters, which are (1) the survey of the business under the project to be the object of feasibility study, (2) project to be the object of feasibility study, (3) outline of the Okinawa Electric Power Co., Inc., Miyakojima system and problems to ensue from its interconnection with wind turbines, (4) survey of stand-alone type wind turbine power generation systems, (5) technical/economic feasibility study, and (6) project management and future tasks. It is concluded that there will be profit in the presence of a subsidy that covers 65% or more of the total cost of constructing a system comprising three 600 KW wind turbines, three 400 kW class diesel generators, and storage batteries. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Investigational study on the cascade utilization of thermal energy (cold heat and hot heat) (feasibility study by the off-line system); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Netsu energy (reinetsu to onnetsu) no cascade riyo ni kansuru chosa kenkyu (off-line hoshiki ni yoru feasibility study)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper studied a system to effectively use unused and low-grade thermal energy (cold heat and hot heat) in the Tokyo-Yokohama seaside area. For transportation of thermal energy, the batch transportation, that is, off-line system was discussed which uses insulated tank loaded barges and railroad freight trains. Thermal energy supply sources are 1) 0.3 million kW class thermal power plant, and 2) LNG storage base of 3 million ton/year class. Thermal energy users are Tokyo (Haneda) Airport D.H.C. (District Heating/Cooling Co.), MM 21 D.H.C. and Shin-Kawasaki D.H.C. The cold heat energy supplied to these three is about 1.5 million Mcal/daytimes300 days/year, and the hot heat energy supplied is about 1.33 million Mcal/daytimes150 days/year. Cold heat is obtained from seawater after the LNG vaporization, and hot heat from heat extracted from thermal turbine. Subcooled ice was selected for cold heat medium, and PCM-120A for hot heat medium. For batch transportation, an STL heat storage system is used which transports plastic capsules sealed with heat medium. Oil saving of 62,000 tons/year and CO2 reduction of about 53,000 tons/year can be expected. 85 figs., 98 tabs.

  12. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of effect of energy efficiency improvement on global environment; 1999 nendo energy shohi koritsuka chikyu kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Analyses are conducted into consideration given to global warming measures in the 3rd assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and into technology transfer from developed nations to developing nations in the Asia-Pacific region etc. to contribute to their energy efficiency improvement. The aim is to present data for deliberation as to how future energy efficiency improvement measures should be in the Asia-Pacific region. The chapters (Chapter 0 through Chapter 10) of the report to be worked out by Working Group III deeply involved in energy problems are 0) Introduction, 1) Scope of the report; 2) Socio-economic and emissions scenarios; 3) Technical and economic potential of GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions reduction; 4) Technical and economic potential of biological CO2 mitigation options; 5) Barriers, opportunities and market potential of technologies and practices; 6) Policies, measures and instruments; 7) Costing methodologies; 8) Global, regional and national costs and ancillary benefits of mitigation; 9) Sector costs and ancillary benefits of mitigation; and 10) Decision making frameworks. As the result of the survey, some actual technology transfer implementations are introduced covering branches closely related to energy efficiency improvement, which are branches of construction, traffic, industry, energy supply, and wastes. (NEDO)

  13. FY 2000 report on information exchanges/analytical survey for improvement of energy consumption efficiency; 2000 nendo energy shohi koritsuka joho kokan bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of surveying the situation of the arrangement of methods of energy conservation promotion and the emissions trading system in developing countries by Japan having the effectiveness or in cooperation with developed countries, information was collected through the participation in international conferences related to energy conservation promotion, etc. and by visits at governmental organizations in charge in developed countries and developing countries. The results of the survey were classified into the following four items: 1) survey method; 2) exchanges of information on energy conservation in main 3 developing counties; 3) exchanges of information of energy conservation in the main developed countries; 4) exchanges of information of the emissions trading system (international trading system of energy conservation values (greenhouse effect gas emission right)). In 4), survey was made on the following: the emissions trading system for the inside of company group (BP-Amoco), the details of the emissions trading system for one country (the U.K.), the grapple with the emissions trading by a private trading organization (NATSOURCE Co.), and the handle with the emissions trading system by each of the OECD countries. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (total system); 1974 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    The current most important solar energy utilization fields are solar energy power generation (solar heat and photovoltaic power generation), and solar heat cooling and heating. A solar heat power system collects or stores solar thermal energy as energy source of power systems, and converts it to electric power through heat exchange systems. To establish such system, not only R and D on a collector, absorption capsule, storage unit and heat transfer unit, but also complete study on an optimum system configuration and environmental impact are necessary. A photovoltaic power system converts solar energy to electric power directly by photoelectric conversion device such solar cell. Except specific local uses, drastic cost reduction and improvement of a conversion efficiency (at present 12-15%) and life (several years) are necessary for solar cells. Although a lot of solar heat cooling and heating systems is in practical use in Japan, for its further diffusion an important research task is development of heat collector excellent in efficiency, cost, life and maintainability. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1997 report on the field survey on country situations including efficient energy consumption. Vietnam; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa). Vietnam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Field survey was made on the current state of and issues on energy in Vietnam. In Vietnam, firewood is in wide use as non-commercial energy, and sums to a half of total energy consumption. Other energies such as hydroelectric power, petroleum, natural gas and coal are self-sustainable. Commercial energy consumption in 1995 is estimated at 10,070,000t in oil equivalent, which is broken down into 23% for coal, 42% in oil, 5% for natural gas and 30% for electricity. Abundant water resources will form the mainstay of future electric power supply. Commercial production of oil started in 1986 becoming an oil exporting country. Several promising natural gas fields were discovered as the result of the exploration by foreign capital. Coal deposits are estimated to be nearly 3.5 billion tons, and most of them are anthracite. Electric power demand is growing at a higher rate than the economic growth of Vietnam. The growth rate of electric power demand is set to be 1.3 times that of GDP. Since construction funds for new plants cannot be satisfied with the national budget and domestic investment alone, the country is expecting foreign capitals. 21 figs., 36 tabs.

  16. New energy vision in Iide Town (Yamagata Prefecture), town of 'circulation type energy' that connects nature, people and life together; Iidecho chiiki shin energy vision. Shizen hito kurashi wo tsunageru 'junkangata energy' no machi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With an aim of regenerating a sustainable circulation type society, a new energy introduction plan was established that saves energy and utilizes reproducible resources. The plan lasts until 2010 with the target of the new energy introduction quantity in 2010 to reach 3.1% of the total primary energy supply quantity. The activity achievements were put into order by the following seven items: 1) summary of Iide Town, 2) types and utilization methods of new energies, 3) trends of energy demand in Iide Town, 4) possibility of utilizing new energies in Iide Town, 5) basic conception for introducing new energies, 6) systems of new energy vision, and 7) what is to be done with emphasis for the time being. In Item 3, considerations were given on the energy using modes and demand quantity. Fields of the object include public facilities, general households, and agricultural production. The using modes cover heat, electric power, and automotive use. The total demand was calculated as 145,891 Gcal/year, divided into the heat utilization at 50.7%, the electric power at 8.8%, and the automotive use at 40.6%. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 2000 survey report on R and D results of advanced clean energy vehicle; 2000 nendo kokoritsu clean energy jidosha no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With problems inherent to clean energy vehicles such as cruising distance, fuel supply and fuel consumption, ACEVs (advanced clean energy vehicles) are in demand featuring both low pollution and high efficiency compatibly. This paper explains the fiscal 2000 results of development. The target is, by using oil-alternative fuel, to reduce driving energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission to less than half and to control the life cycle cost (total of manufacturing cost, operating cost, fuel cost, etc.) to not more than twice as much as those of conventional vehicles. As ACEVs, an ANG (adsorbed natural gas) engine and flywheel battery mounted passenger car was selected, as were a CNG ceramics engine and capacitor mounted truck, CNG engine and lithium-ion battery mounted truck, LNG engine and capacitor mounted bus, and a DME engine and capacitor mounted bus. All are hybrid systems with an energy saving device. In the research of synthetic fuels, the results of the studies were summarized including the effect of various synthetic light oils on engine performance, fuel characteristics, effect of PM grain size and the optimum properties. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1994 survey report. Survey of energy supply/demand structure sophistication and global environmental impact; 1994 nendo energy jukyu kozo kodoka chikyu kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    Outlines of various energy supply/demand analytical models are surveyed. With environmental problems gathering importance, a number of models are being introduced in which energy supply/demand structures, long-term climate changes, and impacts of policy options on social economy are linked to each other. Some socioeconomic impact models cover a single country and others the whole world. They are various in type, ranging from dynamic optimization models to static balance models. Twenty-four models are chosen, and grouped into two types respectively covering Japan and the whole world from a geographical viewpoint and into three groups in view of their structures. Under an optimization model, such optimization is accomplished as economic growth maximization and energy cost minimization and so forth under given energy supply restrictions. Under a general balance type econometric model, an adjustment process in which capital and labor and production are coordinated across multiple departments is expressly stated. Under a partial balance type econometric model, a demand function for goods is given and optimum behavior such as consumption maximization is indirectly described. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1997 report on the development of new hydrogen atomic energy demonstrative technology; 1997 nendo kenkyu hokokusho (shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    In this validation study, phenomena of excess heat which are said to be generated by electrolysis of deuterium using palladium metal, etc. as electrode are taken as `new hydrogen atomic energy,` and to clarify a possibility of using them as a future energy source, the abnormal heating phenomenon was validated and the mechanism was elucidated. The study targeted quantitative control of heat emissions. The study was finished in 1997, the fifth year from the start. The excess heat measurement could partially be reproduced; however, when conducting a confirmation experiment on the excess heat by another more reliable method under the same condition, it was found that the value of excess heat was not an absolute value exceeding measuring sensitivity and errors of the system. If the excess heat of 0.1W order is to be emitted in nuclear reaction, any reactive product should be detected in a substantial quantity. However, the product of a large quantity was not found. A possibility was found out of an increase in nuclear reaction ratio inside solid by low energy deuterium irradiation. From the above, it was concluded that the use of new hydrogen atomic energy was negative. 20 refs., 149 figs., 29 tabs.

  20. Report on current status of petroleum substituting energy development in the UK in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (Eikoku))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Blair`s cabinet of the UK, as soon as it was formed, started a review of all policies of the past Conservative government, including the area of energy and environment. The Labour Party has already underlined its commitment to promoting petroleum substituting, i.e., renewable energy. The government made clear that the unique British NFFO Scheme to promote sources of renewable energy would continue and in November, 1997 published the policy guide for the fifth round of NFFO bidding. The British energy market is generally considered to be the most liberalized for free competition in Europe and even the retail market for households is going to be completely open for competition in electricity and gas supply by 1998. As to the regulation of the green house gas exhaust, the Labour Party has put forward a target to cut 20% of the exhaust level of 1990 by the year 2010. The government is now preparing measures for its implementation. At present, the EU is debating the draft of the landfill directive. In the UK, the construction of waste incineration and power generating plants with modern technology is now being promoted. 27 tabs.

  1. Features of Computerized Procedure System of Shin-Kori unit 5 and 6

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seong, Nokyu; Jung, Yeonsub; Sung, Chanho

    2016-01-01

    The Computerized Procedure System (CPS) is one of the Man Machine Interface (MMI) resources of Main Control Room (MCR) of the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR1400). The CPS has been continuously improved since it was installed in Shin-Kori unit 3 and 4. The Korea Hydro Nuclear Power Central Research Institute (KHNP CRI) has found the points of improvement of CPS through CPS centered Human Factors Engineering Verification and Validation (HFE V and V) and Operating Experience Review (OER) of reference power plant. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6 unit. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6. These are some of improvements of CPS. This prototype of CPS currently is implementing in CRI. The respective function can be more detailed after testing the prototype. These features will be applied to Shin-Kori 5 and 6 CPS after HFE V and V

  2. Features of Computerized Procedure System of Shin-Kori unit 5 and 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seong, Nokyu; Jung, Yeonsub; Sung, Chanho [KHNP CRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    The Computerized Procedure System (CPS) is one of the Man Machine Interface (MMI) resources of Main Control Room (MCR) of the Advanced Power Reactor 1400 (APR1400). The CPS has been continuously improved since it was installed in Shin-Kori unit 3 and 4. The Korea Hydro Nuclear Power Central Research Institute (KHNP CRI) has found the points of improvement of CPS through CPS centered Human Factors Engineering Verification and Validation (HFE V and V) and Operating Experience Review (OER) of reference power plant. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6 unit. This paper shows the main features of CPS of Shin-Kori 5 and 6. These are some of improvements of CPS. This prototype of CPS currently is implementing in CRI. The respective function can be more detailed after testing the prototype. These features will be applied to Shin-Kori 5 and 6 CPS after HFE V and V.

  3. Japan's New Sunshine Project. 1998 annual summary of hydrogen energy R and D; New sunshine keikaku 1998 nendo seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-01

    Summarized herein are the reports on R and D efforts on hydrogen energy, as part of the FY 1998 New Sunshine Project. For production of hydrogen, characteristics related to transport number were investigated for steam electrolysis at high temperature, in which a sintered ceramic powder was used as the electrolyte and the cell was equipped with platinum electrodes. For utilization of hydrogen, energy conversion techniques were investigated using hydrogen occluding alloys for testing methods for alloy microstructures and hydrogenation characteristics, and preparation of and performance testing methods for the cathodes charged with the aid of hydrogen gas. For analysis/assessment for development of hydrogen-related techniques, the investigated items included water electrolysis with solid polymer electrolytes, hydrogen transport techniques using metal hydrides, hydrogen storing techniques using metal hydrides, hydrogen engines, and techniques for preventing hydrogen embrittlement. Analysis/assessment for development of hydrogen turbines was also investigated as one of the 12 R and D themes reported herein. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of leading countries' approaches to biomass energy development; 1999 nendo shuyokoku ni okeru biomass energy kaihatsu eno torikumi ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The survey aims to help Japan deliberate its future biomass energy development strategy including the course Japan is to follow in its research and development of biomass energy by clarifying leading countries' approaches to the subject matter and trends of their research and development efforts in this connection. The states of biomass energy development in the U.S. and Europe are reported. In the U.S., President Clinton issued Executive Order 13134 on August 12, 1999, regarding bio-based products and bioenergy development. In this country, bioenergy and bio-based production technologies have developed to reach a stage where business pays, and commercial plants are in service. The U.S. Administration mentions as a strategy the efficient development of the bioenergy industry. In Europe, where resources are versatile and local, it is difficult to assess the economy of scale, and small-scale development efforts are being accumulated. Practical technologies under development mostly involve direct combustion. European measures are similar to U.S. measures in that such political goals as local development and employment promotion are firmly woven into them. (NEDO)

  5. Report on investigations and studies on chemical conversion of photo-energy; Hikari energy no kagakuteki henkan ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1984-03-01

    This paper summarizes problems in utilization of solar energy, their solutions, features, the currently achieved results, and prospects. With regard to water decomposition using semiconductors, simultaneous generation of hydrogen and oxygen has already been achieved, and there is high possibility of raising the efficiency by improving catalysts. Water decomposition using metal complexes has acceleration of charge isolation as the largest problem, whose prospect of solution is not necessarily bright at the present time. Photo-catalytic reaction is a field to be discussed as one means of developing a new synthesizing method from the viewpoint of organic synthetic chemistry. Conversion into electric energy that uses a photovoltaic process has high efficiency, and is a field to be noted. In photo-energy conversion by means of photo-synthesis, living organisms performing hydrogen production at high efficiency have been discovered. Important studies include the studies in terms of chemical engineering using these living organisms, improvement of breeds by gene manipulations, and studies that utilize living organisms or part of the constituting components. (NEDO)

  6. Report on feasibility study of district energy-saving and waste heat utilization for City of Iwai; Iwai-shi chiiki sho energy hainetsu riyo kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    As part of the (district energy-saving visions for City of Iwai), the feasibility study is implemented for citizen community facilities which utilize waste heat discharged from factories in the city. More concretely, those items studied include a heated pool, other community facilities and botanical garden of tropical plants which utilize waste heat of exhaust gas cooling water heated to around 70 degrees C by a desulfurization unit at a pulp factory. Case 1 includes the citizen community facilities (e.g., heated pool and bath facilities), and Case 2 includes a green house botanical garden, involving studies on facility scales, requirements of heat and recycling water, hot water supply, air conditioning, bath systems, and heating systems for green houses. It is estimated that the citizen community facilities have an energy saving effect of 640kL/y as fuel oil, which corresponds to saving of around 29 million yen/y, and CO2 abatement effect of 471t/y as carbon, and that the green house botanical garden has an energy saving effect of 669kL/y as fuel oil, which corresponds to saving of around 30 million yen/y, and CO2 abatement effect of 492t/y as carbon. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2000 report on the survey of effects of enhancement of energy consumption efficiency on the global environment; 2000 nendo energy shohi koritsuka chikyu kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Looking for effective measures for enhancement of energy consumption efficiency in the Asia Pacific region, survey was made of the state of study of measures against global warming in the 3rd IPCC report and the state of study of the incidental convenience. The survey was made in the following two fields: 1) research analysis in study of the 3rd IPCC report; 2) research analysis of the convenience incidental to measures against global warming. 1) is composed of IPCC activities and the 3rd assessment report, and the developmental state of global warming prevention technology and potential of greenhouse effect gas reduction. Subjects on the prevention technology are the technology for enhancement of energy consumption and development of non-fossil fuels. Physical/chemical CO2 fixation is also studied. 2) is composed of the introduction, economic/social/environmental effects, international flow, reasons for different conclusion in every study, and fields of further study. Considered were global warming prevention measures, for example, economic/social/environmental effects of creation of the carbon tax, reduction in subsidy in energy sector, etc. (NEDO)

  8. Research report for fiscal 1988. Researches into energy conservation centering about boiler facilities; 1998 nendo boiler setsubi wo chushin to shita sho energy chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Boiler facilities in Vietnam were subjected to a feasibility study in a project for making positive use of joint implementation and clean development mechanisms which are prescribed as flexible measures by COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). Many were small and old, and found to require improvement in terms of operating efficiency and energy conservation. Measures will be taken to wholly replace 159 boilers and partially modify 160, out of the total of 399 subjected to the study. It is expected that there will be a reduction of 173.8-thousand kiloliters per year when converted into fuel oil and a reduction per year of 599.8 kilotons in terms of CO2 gas. It was also concluded that co-generation plants judged high in energy conservation be introduced into 6 factories subjected to the study. Since energy conservation improvement and co-generation plant introduction will both contribute to the prevention of global warming and since there is commonality between the two in terms of facilities involved, it is preferred that the two be carried out under one and the same project. The enterprise will cost 11,544-million yen in total, and 791.5 kilotons/year of CO2 gas will be reduced. Since Vietnam hopes to be financed by Japan, extension of credit in yen will be the optimum policy. (NEDO)

  9. Report on a feasibility survey of the cold accumulated heat use energy system in Hokkaido; Hokkaido ni okeru reichikunetsu riyo energy system no kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A survey was conducted of various systems which use in summer cold heat from the snow stored in winter. A model of the cold accumulated heat system of the type which has a high possibility of the introduction was built to study a possibility of the realization. Types of the model system were selected assuming the utilization of cold heat energy of snow in Sapporo, a typical large city in the cold heavy-snow area. Studies were made on each model of urban type commercial facilities, urban type offices, suburban type shopping center, and suburban type hospitals. For each model, more than one systems were studied according to types and forms of the storage tank, and heat recovery methods. As a result, it was found that cold heat energy of snow can be utilized almost effectively by making an appropriate study of the energy balance like the possible supply of cold heat exceeded the demand in two models of an urban type office building and an suburban type hospital. Further, operating expenses of typical models were roughly calculated. 51 figs., 20 figs.

  10. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Survey of energy conservation technologies in Japan; 1999 nendo kokunai no sho energy gijutsu ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization), in its effort to implement a joint project with importing countries, endeavors to popularize energy conservation technologies by introducing them into plants in the importing countries and by demonstrating their validity on real systems. Energy conservation technologies in use in Japan's steelmaking, cement making, chemical, and oil refining industries were reassessed in view of their usefulness in the above-said project. During the reassessment, they were analyzed also for cost effectiveness for the scales on which they would possibly be introduced. Ninety-four technologies were reassessed, which involved the top pressure recovery facilities, continuous casting facilities, high frequency melting furnace, and high efficiency sintering furnace ignition device, these for the steelmaking industry; the materials crushing vertical roller mill, NSP (new suspension preheater) type cement calcination kiln, finishing process preliminary crusher, urban wastes conversion into materials for cement making or into fuel, these for the cement making industry; the multi-effect evaporator for an ammonia manufacturing process and the device for collecting waste heat at the outlet of a synthetic gas compressor, these for the chemical industry; and reduction in the amount of injection steam by use of vacuum distillation tower top steam recycling, etc., these in relation with oil refining facilities. (NEDO)

  11. Japan`s New Sunshine Project. 1994 annual summary of solar energy R and D program; 1994 nendo new sunshine keikaku. Seika hokokusho gaiyoshu (taiyo energy)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-01

    The paper reported the results of fiscal 1994 studies on solar energy in the New Sunshine Project. Relating to the technical development for the practical use of photovoltaic power systems, the development of manufacturing technologies for low-cost substrates and the development of element technology for manufacturing low-cost polycrystalline cells/modules were reported as the development of technology for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells for practical use. As to the research on fabrication technology for thin film solar cells for practical use, reports were made on the research on low-cost fabrication technology for large-area modules and the technological development for qualitative improvement, etc. In respect to the technological development for super-high efficiency solar cells, reported were the technological development for super-high efficiency single crystalline silicon solar cells and the technological development for crystalline compound solar cells, etc. Concerning the research and development of photovoltaic power systems, reports were on the characterization and control of surface/interface recombination velocity of crystalline silicon thin films and the research on surface passivation for high-efficiency silicon solar cells, etc. In regard to the utilization technology of solar thermal energy, the energy conversion technology using chemical reactions and the development of chemical refrigeration and cold storage systems using solar heat were reported as the research and development of utilization technology of solar thermal systems for industrial use.

  12. Fiscal 1999 basic survey report for promotion of joint implementation. Energy saving at petrochemical plant; 1999 nendo sekiyu kagaku kojo no sho energy chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A survey is conducted of energy-saving and greenhouse gas reducing measures in cooperation with the National Petrochemical Public Company Limited (NPC), Thailand. The NPC is the first petrochemical producer in that country and, after 10 years' operation, the largest such producer there. Transfer of energy-saving technologies from Japan will lead to the construction of clean development mechanism (CDM) in the future. The NPC plant surveyed is situated in a Maptaphut industrial complex, and produces ethylene propylene from natural gas and at the same time serves as a utility center to supply electricity and steam to factories and plants in the vicinity. Items examined involve waste heat power generation, power generating gas turbine efficiency improvement, ethylene plant cracking furnace heat retaining capability enhancement, steam pipe heat retaining material renewal, and replacement of obsolete air conditioners with higher-efficiency equipment. After tentative calculation a conclusion is reached that the total of energy-saving effects of the said five items will be 21,900 tons/year in terms of crude oil and that a CO2 reduction will be feasible at a rate of 45,300 tons/year. These figures are larger than the ones predicted before the survey. A total of 354.3 million bahts will have to be invested. Negotiations will continue with attention directed to the progress of NPC's preparedness to accept CDM. (NEDO)

  13. Survey report on energy transportation systems which use hydrogen-occluding alloys; Suiso kyuzo gokin wo riyoshita energy yuso system chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-18

    Surveyed are systems which use hydrogen-occluding alloys for, e.g., storing and transporting hydrogen. This project is aimed at development of, and extraction of technical problems involved in, the concept of hydrogen energy transportation cycles for producing hydrogen in overseas countries by electrolysis using clean energy of hydraulic energy which are relatively cheap there; transporting hydrogen stored in a hydrogen-occluding alloy by sea to Japan; and converting it into electrical power to be delivered and used there. The surveyed items include current state of development/utilization of hydraulic power resources in overseas countries; pigeonholing the technical issues involved in the hydrogen transportation cycles, detailed studies thereon, and selection of the transportation cycles; current state of research, development and application of hydrogen-occluding alloys for various purposes; extraction of the elementary techniques for the techniques and systems for the hydrogen transportation systems which use hydrogen-occluding alloys; research themes of the future hydrogen-occluding alloys and the application techniques therefor, and research and development thereof; and legislative measures and safety. (NEDO)

  14. Foot posture in basketball players with history of the shin splint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeed Forghany

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Shin splint is one of the common injuries in most athletes. Although the relationship between abnormal foot posture and shin splint has been reported previously but, the relation between foot posture and shin splint has not been well documented. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between foot postures in basketball players and the history of shin splint. Materials and Methods: Thirty Iranian male basketball players who had experience of shin splint during last three months were participated in this study. Foot Posture Index (FPI-6 was used as the measure of foot posture. Talar head palpation, curvature at the lateral malleoli, inversion/eversion of the calcaneus, prominence in the region of the talonavicular joint, congruence of the medial longitudinal arch, abduction /adduction of the forefoot on the rear foot were 6 items which were assessed with FPI in the standing position. Foot posture was defined as ‘normal’, ‘supinated’ or ‘pronated. Data were collected and analyzed by SPSS, version16. Results: Most participants showed abnormal foot posture (%80. Fifty-three percent of subjects had pronated foot (%53 and 10% did hyper-pronation. The foot postures of 17% of participants were in supination. The results of this study did not show a significant difference in foot posture between right and left foot (P > 0.05. Conclusion: abnormal foot posture were common (%80 in basketball players with the history of shin splints. These findings could support this idea that the footwear and orthotic prescription both can prevent and treat basketball players with history of shin splints. Keywords: Foot posture, Shin splints, Basketball

  15. Notes on breeding sharp-shinned hawks and cooper’s hawks in Barnwell County, South Carolina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark Vukovich; John C. Kilgo

    2009-01-01

    Breeding records of Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawks) in the southeastern US are scattered and isolated. We documented a Sharp-shinned Hawk and Accipiter cooperii (Cooper’s Hawk) nest while conducting a telemetry study on Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpeckers) in Barnwell County, SC in 2006 and 2007. We report the first known nest of a Sharp-shinned...

  16. Research report of fiscal 1997. Basic research on the commercialization of innovative energy technologies; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kakushinteki energy gijutsu no jitsuyoka ni kansuru kiso chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper summarizes the research result in fiscal 1997 from the basic research results on the commercialization of innovative energy technologies. The target of a photovoltaic power generation market includes isolated power sources (several kWp) for distant places or developing countries, and those (several tens kWp) for personal residences or public facilities. Although the former is mainly promoted in the West, while the latter over the world, their profitability is unsolved. Power plants over several hundreds kWp are in demonstration test. Solar heat power generation of several tens to hundreds MWp is most profitable, however, small-scale one is poor in feasibility. Australia takes an interest in distributed photovoltaic power generation directly connected with actual lives of residents, and has a dominant opinion that desert is useless as large-scale site. This country lays emphasis on protection and maintenance rather than positive use of desert based on a basic cognition that desert is easily changed and broken. The Australian government announced power company`s obligation to use renewable energy by 2%, and a strong organization is scheduled to be newly established. 59 figs., 57 tabs.

  17. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (total system); 1976 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    For every solar energy utilization field, its background, feasibility, impact in practical use, and R and D policy in Japan were studied. Heating and hot water supply by solar energy are already practical because of less technical problems and reasonable profitability, and cooling is also practical as far as a technical viewpoint. At present, the technical level of solar heat power generation is in the stage of basic technology, however, in the future, development of economically reasonable systems will be demanded as well as establishment of its technology. The most difficult problem for realizing practical solar cell power generation systems is cost reduction. It is also another problem that a big demand of Si for solar cells further exceeds the current yield of Si in a semiconductor industry. A small-scale hybrid solar cell power generation system applicable to the roof of general residences is already feasible. Although a solar furnace is still poor in application to industrial fields, it is expected as the leading part for a future solar heat chemical industry. (NEDO)

  18. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on energy use evaluation systems; 1999 nendo energy shiyo hyoka system chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The present survey and study relate to the medium to long term policies for technological development of energy and environment related technologies, and are intended to develop a system that can evaluate the importance, feasibility, expected realization time, and expected cost of the technologies, including their synergetic effects. The survey and study are intended to provide clear guidelines for planning the technological development policies on which of the technological development should be promoted in what ways, based on the evaluation given by the use of the system. The report describes in Section 1 to adopt two types of approaches of a 'technology map' and a 'network chart evaluation system' to achieve the goal. Section 2, after describing the results of surveys on the past study cases of technology evaluation, describes that the present approach has new features that are different from conventional ones. Section 3 states the results of surveys on the basic technologies to prevent global warming, and shows cases of preparing maps that notice on energy flows. Section 4 relates to network chart evaluating methods. Section 5 describes the results of surveys that have been made in relation with chronological progress of the technological development, in preparation for surveys to be made in the coming fiscal years. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1977. Hydrogen energy; 1977 nendo seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-04-01

    This paper summarizes achievements in the Sunshine Project related to hydrogen energy in fiscal 1977. In the electrolytic process in hydrogen manufacturing technologies, new composite materials are developed in relation with membranes and electrodes as the high temperature and pressure water decomposition method. A bench-scale water decomposition tank using organic polymer ion exchange membranes is fabricated on a trial basis and tested for studying solid electrolyte decomposition method. In hydrogen manufacturing technologies using thermo-chemical process, discussions are being given on cycles of iron systems, iodine systems and hybrid systems (mixture of thermo and photo chemistry and electrochemistry). For hydrogen transporting and storing technologies, metal hydrides most suitable for hydrogen storage are developed, and storage systems are studied. In hydrogen combustion, elucidation is made on fundamental conditions for mixed and single combustion technologies suitable for prevention of reverse ignition and suppression of NOx generation. Studies are also being made on fuel cells using aqueous solution and solid electrolytes. Studies on hydrogen fueled engines are also described. In hydrogen safety assuring technologies, discussions are being given on prevention of explosion disasters, prevention of embrittlement of materials due to hydrogen and criteria for safety assuring technologies. Descriptions are given also on studies on total hydrogen energy systems and hydrogen fueled automobiles. (NEDO)

  20. Summarized achievement report on the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. Hydrogen energy; 1979 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-04-01

    This paper summarizes the achievement report on the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979 for hydrogen energy research. In hydrogen manufacturing technologies, the paper describes improvement in membrane performance and discussions on electrode materials in high temperature and pressure electrolysis. In the thermo-chemical method, hydrolysis of iron bromide (II) in the iron system cycle was compared to three kinds of reaction patterns corresponding to phase change, and evaluation was given as the hydrogen generating reaction. In the iodine system the first stage oxidation and reduction reaction of MgO-I{sub 2} was subjected to a continued experiment by using a batch autoclave. Discussions were continued on device materials for the iodine cycle. In the light irradiation electrolytic method for the mixed cycle, the light intensity was experimented at a force 12 times greater than that of the solar beam, and a reaction rate of 80% was achieved. Raising the temperature causes the reaction rate to decline, but it can be supplemented by raising the light intensity. A heat diffusion column was found effective in HI decomposition (hydrogen acquisition). For hydrogen transportation and storage, researches are continued on metal hydrides. In hydrogen utilization technologies, combustion, fuel cells (using high temperature solid and alkaline aqueous solution electrolytes), and hydrogen engines are studied. This paper also describes studies on hydrogen safety assuring measures and energy systems. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on energy consumption in a residential sector; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Minsei bumon energy shohi jittai chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    On energy consumption in a residential sector, the report reports the document survey result including new documents, and the result of the systematic national questionnaire survey carried out in small and medium cities to prepare the basic data for future development and introduction of petroleum substituting energy. The electric power consumption rate of detached houses (A) is larger by 0.6- 1.6Gcal/household/year than that of apartment houses (B) in every district. The gas consumption rate of A is smaller than that of B in Hokkaido, Kanto and Kyushu. The LPG consumption rate of Kinki district is largest in both A and B. The kerosene consumption rate of A is larger than that of B. In Hokkaido, the kerosene consumption is extremely large in heating, showing a ratio of 60% or more in A. In the other districts, the kerosene consumption is largest in hot water supply, showing 30% or more. Every consumption rate increases with annual household income. The average consumption rate of 4 districts is 11,137Mcal/household/year. (NEDO)

  2. Reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Research on solar energy system (meteorological investigation); 1979 nendo taiyo energy system no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Kisho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-31

    The following were implemented with the purpose of collecting, measuring and putting in order the meteorological data required for the R and D on solar energy technology. (1) Observation of direct solar radiation (Nagoya/Sendai), (2) Meteorological observation for the pilot plant site of 1,000kW solar thermal power generation, (3) Studies on estimation of quantity of direct solar radiation, and (4) Studies on characteristics of quantity of direct solar radiation. In (1), the summary and the results were explained on the continuous observation of the quantity of the direct solar radiation conducted in Nagoya and Sendai using a self-recording actinometer. In (2), meteorological observation was conducted for building lots reclaimed from a salt pan at Nio-cho, Mitoyo county, Kagawa prefecture, a scheduled site for the pilot plant. The items were the quantity of global solar radiation, quantity of sky solar radiation, quantity of direct solar radiation, temperature, wet-bulb temperature, wind direction and wind velocity. In (3), A method was developed for estimating the monthly average quantity of the global solar radiation, normal direct solar radiation, horizontal sky solar radiation at an arbitrary spot. In (4), the characteristics of direct/specified direct solar radiation flux curves were elucidated as the basic data for the technological development of solar energy utilization using a sun follower type heat collecting device, with research done on a method for estimating these curves from other meteorological factors. (NEDO)

  3. Collection of summaries of Sunshine Program achievement reports for fiscal 1982. Hydrogen energy; 1982 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-04-01

    The collection includes achievements of research relating to hydrogen energy. In the research on hydrogen production by electrolysis, electrolysis of water using an acid-type solid polymer electrolyte and electrolysis of water using an alkali-type solid polymer electrolyte are taken up. In the research on hydrogen production by thermochemical methods, studies are conducted on the iodine-based cycle, the bromine-based cycle, materials for devices for the iodine-based cycle, and the mixed cycle. Hydrogen production using high-temperature direct thermolysis and solar radiation is also studied. In the research on hydrogen transportation and storage, use of metallic hydrides in these processes are taken up. In the research on the application of hydrogen, techniques of hydrogen combustion and hydrogen-fueled engines are discussed. In the research on hydrogen safety measures, technologies for the prevention of hydrogen explosions and of hydrogen embrittlement of materials in use with hydrogen are studied. In addition, a study is conducted of a hydrogen energy total system, and research and development is carried out for a plant that produces hydrogen by high-temperature high-pressure electrolysis of water. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Research and development of advanced clean energy vehicles; 1998 nendo kokoritsu clean energy jidosha no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The efforts aim to develop advanced clean energy vehicles (ACEVs) which drive on substitutes of oil low in pollution, consuming 1/2 or less energy and emitting 1/2 or less CO2 than the existing vehicles. Studies conducted in fiscal 1998 covered high-efficiency hybrid power systems and ACEVs. Efforts to develop ACEVs involved a reformed methanol fuel cell hybrid passenger car of Nissan Motor Co., Ltd. (improvement on element technologies, study of methanol concentration); CNG (compressed natural gas) engine hybrid passenger car of Honda Research and Development Co., Ltd. (improvement on flywheels, studies of ANG (adsorbent natural gas) adsorbent and ANG tank); CNG ceramics engine hybrid cargo truck of Isuzu Ceramics Research Institute Co., Ltd. (fabrication of ceramics single-cylinder engine, design and fabrication of vehicle control system, fabrication of prototype); CNG lean burn engine hybrid cargo truck of Mitsubishi Motors Co., Ltd. (studies, designing, and fabrication of engine element parts); LNG engine hybrid bus of Nissan Diesel Motor Co., Ltd. (development of engine and power storage); and DME (dimethylether) engine hybrid bus of Hino Motors, Ltd. (development of DME fuel injection system and high-efficiency power storage). (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1998 research report on the feasibility study on energy conservation of Zaporozhye steelworks; Zaporozhye seitetsusho sho energy 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the Japan-Russia joint project, this report summarizes the feasibility study results on improvement of waste heat recovery at blast furnace hot stoves (recovery of sensible heat of exhaust gas by water or other heat media, and use of preheating combustion air and fuel gas), improvement of the thermal efficiency of slabbing soaking furnaces (optimization of burner combustion by improving control of an air fuel ratio, and heat patterns in heating), and other operational improvement for Zaporozhye steelworks, Ukraine (2,370,000t/y in crude steel production). As the field survey result, various other energy-saving issues were found in addition to the above 2 themes. 9 projects thus were identified in blast furnace, steel making, rolling and energy fields as follows: improvement of combustion control at hot stoves, waste heat recovery equipment for hot stoves, blast furnace top pressure recovery turbine (TRT) power generation equipment, blast furnace top gas recovery equipment, changeover from an open hearth furnace to a basic oxygen furnace, adoption of continuous casting, improvement of slab yield in slabbing, shortening of a track time, drop of insertion temperature in direct hot charge rolling, and the gas turbine cogeneration plant. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the development/comprehensive research of new hydrogen energy demonstrative technology; Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu sogo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    In this project, the excess heat phenomenon caused by electrolyzing heavy water using palladium metal, etc. as electrode was captured as `new hydrogen energy.` To make a possibility of being as a future energy source clear, the abnormal heating phenomenon was verified. By elucidating the mechanism, the paper aimed at quantitatively controlling the heat generation. The R and D period was four years from fiscal 1993, and the details of the research are about the excess heat measuring test, material analysis/development tests, test on detection of reaction products, information collection/arrangement, international research cooperation. As a result of the research, a part of the excess heat measurement was surely able to be reproduced. However, when a confirmation experiment on the excess heat was conducted by another more positive method under the same conditions, it was found that the excess heat quantity was not the absolute excess heat quantity exceeding the measuring sensitivity/errors of the system. Supposing the excess heat of 0.1W order is generated in nuclear reaction, any of reaction products should be detected in a considerable quantity. However, no reaction products were not detected. 42 refs., 241 figs., 55 tabs.

  7. FY 2000 report on the survey of strategies for spreading renewable energy to developing countries; 2000 nendo tojokoku eno saisei kano energy fukyu senryaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For Laos, Bangladesh, Malaysia and Vietnam, survey was conducted to promote the introduction and spread of renewable energy, mainly the photovoltaic power generation. Relating to the solar radiation, the amount in the four countries is much higher than that in Japan, 3.4kWh/m{sup 2}/day on average. The countries are areas suitable for the photovoltaic power generation. As to the wind velocity, the area where the wind velocity is higher than 5m/second, which enables the introduction of the wind power generation, is limited to the south/west of Bangladesh, Malaysia, and the coastal part and islands in Vietnam. The wind power generation is being used in Malaysia and Vietnam. As for the precipitation, it rains concentratedly in the rainy season, and therefore, it is difficult to stably secure energy through the year by the small-scale hydroelectric power generation. In Vietnam, however, resident individuals eagerly introduce the small-scale hydroelectric power generation, and about 20,000kW is now in operation. Concerning the introduction of the photovoltaic power generation, Bangladesh is in a state of working out a master plan, Laos is in a state of drawing up a plan for the spread, and Malaysia and Vietnam are in a state of the verification. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1998 research report on the global environmental assessment for efficient energy consumption; 1998 nendo energy shohi koritsuka chikyu kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) published the 1st assessment report in 1990 and the 2nd report in 1995 since its establishment in 1988, and is promoting the 3rd research and analysis. Among them, this report describes the study on technology transfer for efficient energy consumption. For stabilizing greenhouse effect gas concentrations in the air, strong control of such gas emission is indispensable, and a role of technology is important for the control. For overcoming some weak points for climate change, practical use of applicable technologies is necessary over a certain period of time, and technology transfer is essential in each country and all over the world. For promotion of such approach, the analysis and evaluation for technology transfer and diffusion are useful in addition to reports on technology itself. Based on such understanding, IPCC has promoted preparation of the special report on methodological and technological issues of technology transfer since 1997. Its approval at the IPCC general meeting is expected in late 1999 or early 2000. Some chapters related to efficient energy consumption are presented. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of new software structuring models (R and D of micromachine cooperative control use software); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Shin software kozoka model no kenkyu kaihatsu (bisho kikai kyocho seigyoyo software no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A R and D was conducted of software structuring models which ease the development and maintenance of software systems and meet diversification of needs. As for the study of the cooperative control use programming language, a R and D of agent oriented language Flage was carried out for expansion of language function, arrangement of network function, development of exercises, etc. As to the formulation of agent knowledge, proposed were processes to make a program from the specifications, and EVA, a mechanism in response to changes in the specifications of existing programs. In relation to the basic theory of cooperation system, a study was made mainly of object oriented attribute grammar OOAG as a model representing cooperative computation in software process as a rule group. Concerning the study of the situation recognition mechanism, researched were models of communication and reasoning among agents in cooperation. 187 refs., 107 figs., 23 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1998 research report. Application technology of next-generation high-density energy beams; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Jisedai komitsudo energy beam riyo gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Survey was made on application technologies of next- generation high-density energy beams. For real application of laser power, application to not exciting source of YAG crystal but machining directly is highly efficient. For generation of semiconductor laser high-power coherent beam, phase synchronization and summing are large technological walls. Short pulse, high intensity and high repeatability are also important. Since ultra-short pulse laser ends before heat transfer to the periphery, it is suitable for precise machining, in particular, ultra-fine machining. To use beam sources as tool for production process, development of transmission, focusing and control technologies, and optical fiber and device is indispensable. Applicable fields are as follows: machining (more than pico seconds), surface modification (modification and functionalization of tribo- materials and biocompatible materials), complex machining, fabrication of quantum functional structured materials (thin film, ultra-fine particle), agriculture, ultra-precise measurement, non-destructive measurement, and coherent chemistry in chemical and environment fields. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1974 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (solar heat power generation); 1974 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyonetsu hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1975-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1974 research result on solar heat power generation. The following are promising as solar heat power plant sites in Japan: Large-scale sites such as the foot of volcanos, riverbed, railway site and road, medium-scale sites such as isolated island, saltpan site and industrial park, and small-scale sites such as factory site, factory roof floor, housing complex, warehouse and school. Based on the primary concept design of both curved reflector type and tower type 1,000kW class solar heat power plants, various requirements were clarified roughly. It was clarified that food, fiber and non-ferrous metal factories can cover 80-90% of their thermal energy requirements with high- temperature solar heat, while factories related to food and fiber can cover even nearly 100% of their electric power requirements with solar heat. Study was also made on specifications of a solar simulator as common use facility necessary for characteristic evaluation of equipment and materials for solar heat power generation systems. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1997 survey report on international cooperation for the energy use rationalization method; 1997 nendo jigyo hokokusho (energy shiyo gorika shuho kokusai kyoryoku chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    To carry out LCA in ISO-14040, inventory analysis (IA) is the basic. For studying arrangement of public data to carry out IA, collection work was done of background data which are indirectly concerned with copying machine. First, methods to make inventory data (ID) which are thinkable in the present situation were prepared, and items of emitted matters to be collected were set up in relation to the impact assessment method. Secondly, scenarios of each stage of life cycle of copying machine were set up, and virtual data on the material/energy consumption amount were arranged. Based on this, a method was further studied for making ID of the parts used in electric power, iron/steel, plastics, and copying machine. Third, based on the above-mentioned study results, ID was actually made, and a possibility was studied of making inventory in life cycle of copying machine. Moreover, the state of the automobile LCA carried out at Stuttgart University was examined. At last, the paper summed up subjects of and future study methods for the inventory making method. 2 refs., 25 figs., 77 tabs.

  13. Research report for fiscal 1998. Study of utilization of biomass including foods in energy industry; 1998 nendo shokubutsu nado no biomass no energy riyo ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Rice being produced as food is taken up out of various types of biomass, and a feasibility study from the viewpoints of technology and economy is conducted as to its use in the energy industry. The production of ethanol from rice, though it has no past record worth discussion, is similar to the production of ethanol from other biomass resources in terms of technology and economy. The problem is that the production cost of rice is far higher than those of other materials. It is expected, however, that there will a large-scale production cost reduction and an increase in the yield when novel cultivation techniques are introduced in the future. It is also expected that alcohol from rice will be sufficiently competitive with alcohol from molasses or the like when the exploitation of cellulose-family by-products such as husks becomes feasible. The study on this occasion deals solely with the effective use of farmland and the surplus rice. A confrontation between rice as a biomass resource and rice as a food has to be avoided as much as possible in the long term because it may cause a price rise and compromise the security of food supply. That is, in discussing this matter, it is mandatory to draw a very definite line between rice as a food and rice as an alcohol production material. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy system (weather survey); 1976 nendo taiyo energy system no kenkyu seika hokokusho. Kisho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-31

    This report describes the fiscal 1976 research result on weather survey for solar energy systems. Study was made on preparation of the global solar radiation (GSR) map of Japan. To obtain the estimation equation of GSR based on related weather data, analysis was made on data at A type GSR observation sites and related weather data. As some factors effective for estimating monthly mean GSR, a relative sunshine duration, snowfall index (ratio of days more than 10cm in snowfall) and solar altitude index (sine of solar altitude at culmination hour) were selected. The estimation equation was prepared on the basis of these above factors. GSR was affected by relative sunshine duration exceedingly, snowfall by 12%, and solar altitude difference by 6% within an error of 5%. The monthly and annual GSR maps were prepared every site by the above calculation. The continuous observation results in Kagoshima and Fukuoka by recording direct pyranometers are presented. Scattered solar radiation is defined as the difference between simultaneously measured GSR and direct solar radiation. Weather data preparation in Fukuoka for design of solar cooling/heating and hot water supply systems is also described. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of international cooperation over energy use rationalization techniques; 1999 nendo energy shiyo gorika shuho kokusai kyoryoku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the past, studies have been conducted involving the possibility of development of information offering techniques for the realization of sustainable society, for which LCA (life cycle assessment) as a tool for reducing energy consumption and environmental impact is investigated and case studies are conducted in this connection. In this fiscal year, for the purpose of deliberating how to utilize the LCA results, a survey is conducted of how LCA is being used as a tool for constructing an environmental management system set forth in the ISO14000 series, by holding conferences with LCA researchers representing the respective countries involved. Investigations are conducted into the actualities of the environmental management system, environmental performance assessment, and environmental labelling whose standardization has been under way in compliance with the ISO14000 series, into the actualities of matters relating to assessment techniques and decision making such as environmentally-friendly designing, supply chain management, reports on environments, etc., which are becoming established in enterprises, and into the actualities of access to and disclosure of information. International cooperative researches are conducted, participated in by five leading organizations of Sweden, Germany, Denmark, and Canada, and Japan's National Institute for Resources and Development, where actual states of LCA utilization are introduced and improvement on LCA techniques are discussed. (NEDO)

  16. Collection of outlines of achievement reports for fiscal 1976 on Sunshine Program. Hydrogen energy; 1976 nendo sunshine keikakaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-04-01

    Twenty studies are outlined, which are: Hydrogen production technology using electrolysis (Osaka National Research Institute); Hydrogen production technology using high-temperature/high-pressure electrolysis (Showa Denko K.K., and 1 other); Hydrogen production technologies using thermochemical method (4 articles - Osaka National Research Institute; Tokyo National Research Institute; Hitachi, Ltd.; Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.); Water decomposition by thermochemical and photochemical hybrid cycle (Yokohama National University); Hydrogen production technology using direct thermolysis (Electrotechnical Laboratory); Hydrogen solidification technology (2 articles - Osaka National Research Institute; Tokyo National Research Institute); Combustion technology (Osaka National Research Institute); Materials for fuel cells (Osaka National Research Institute); Manufacture of fuel cells (Electrotechnical Laboratory); Systematization of fuel cells (Electrotechnical Laboratory); Hydrogen-fueled engine (Mechanical Engineering Laboratory); Disaster prevention technologies for gaseous and liquid hydrogen, etc. (Tokyo National Research Institute); Prevention of embrittlement of materials used with hydrogen (Chugoku National Research Institute); Refining, transportation, and storage systems, and safety techniques for hydrogen (Industrial Research Institute); Hydrogen energy total system (Electrotechnical Laboratory); Comprehensive examination of hydrogen-using subsystems and peripheral technologies (Electrochemical Society of Japan, and 6 others). (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Basic survey for promotion of joint implementations, etc. (Energy conservation measures for limekilns); 1999 nendo sekkai shoseirio no sho energy taisaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Most of the limekilns now in operation in China are of the old type, demanding 30% more heat than limekilns in general use for instance in Japan. The survey assesses the effect of energy conservation or greenhouse gas reduction in case the old limekilns are replaced by new ones. For the implementation of this survey, the Benxi Iron and Steel Complex in Benxi City, Liaoning Province, China, who hope that their old limekilns will be replaced, is assumed to be the site of construction. A survey is conducted on this assumption, and the effect of greenhouse gas reduction in case new limekilns are popularized in China is also assessed. Under this program, the earth kilns will be abolished, to be replaced by 600 tons/day new limekilns. However, some of the single cylinder shaft kilns are to be retained. It is concluded that fuel consumption will be reduced by 7.49 times 10{sup 3} tons/year in terms of crude oil, fuel cost by 10,120,000 yuan/year, and CO2 emissions by 23,200 tons/year. The installation will cost 991-million yen, and the investment recovery period will be 7.9 years. The amount of metallurgical lime that China produces is 10-million tons/year, of which 70% comes from the old limekilns. After completion of the replacement there will be 33 limekilns, and the need is quite great. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of international cooperation over energy use rationalization techniques; 1999 nendo energy shiyo gorika shuho kokusai kyoryoku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the past, studies have been conducted involving the possibility of development of information offering techniques for the realization of sustainable society, for which LCA (life cycle assessment) as a tool for reducing energy consumption and environmental impact is investigated and case studies are conducted in this connection. In this fiscal year, for the purpose of deliberating how to utilize the LCA results, a survey is conducted of how LCA is being used as a tool for constructing an environmental management system set forth in the ISO14000 series, by holding conferences with LCA researchers representing the respective countries involved. Investigations are conducted into the actualities of the environmental management system, environmental performance assessment, and environmental labelling whose standardization has been under way in compliance with the ISO14000 series, into the actualities of matters relating to assessment techniques and decision making such as environmentally-friendly designing, supply chain management, reports on environments, etc., which are becoming established in enterprises, and into the actualities of access to and disclosure of information. International cooperative researches are conducted, participated in by five leading organizations of Sweden, Germany, Denmark, and Canada, and Japan's National Institute for Resources and Development, where actual states of LCA utilization are introduced and improvement on LCA techniques are discussed. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. Research on solar energy utilization systems (solar heat power generation); 1976 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyonetsu hatsuden

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    Research was made on solar heat power generation following last fiscal year, as a part of solar energy utilization technologies. In this fiscal year, in particular, research was made on the following: selection of suitable sites for solar heat power plants in Japan, estimation of expected power supply, positioning of a solar heat power system among future power systems, operation policy of solar heat power systems, survey on suitable sites for the 1,000kW pilot power plant, operation characteristics of the small test plant, design of the 1,000kW pilot power plant, test methods and facilities for every element equipment of solar heat power systems, an environmental test method for mostly solar collectors, and the profitability of solar heat power systems. Optimum operation temperature levels were nearly 350 degrees C for distributed systems and nearly 400 degrees C for centralized ones. The distributed system is profitable in a unit capacity range less than 5-10MWe, while the centralized system is profitable in a range over 10MWe. Under some assumptions, the power cost of solar heat power systems was estimated to be 20-30yen/kWH. (NEDO)

  20. Collection of summaries of Sunshine Program achievement reports for fiscal 1981. Hydrogen energy; 1981 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suuiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-04-01

    The collection includes research on hydrogen production through the electrolysis of water using an acid-type solid polymer electrolyte, electrolysis of water using an alkali-type solid polymer electrolyte, thermochemical method using an iodine-based cycle, thermochemical method using a bromine-based cycle, thermochemical method using a mixed cycle, high-temperature direct thermolysis, and the utilization of solar radiation. Furthermore, it includes a study of materials to build a iodine-based cycle apparatus. In a research on the transportation and storage of hydrogen, technologies of hydrogen transportation and storage using metallic hydrides are taken up. In a research on the application of hydrogen, technologies of hydrogen combustion and hydrogen-fueled engines are discussed. In a research on hydrogen safety measures, technologies for the prevention of hydrogen explosion disasters and of hydrogen embrittlement of materials in use with hydrogen are studied. In addition, a study is conducted of a hydrogen energy total system, and research and development is carried out of a plant that produces hydrogen by means of the high-temperature high-pressure electrolysis of water. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1990 achievement report on the survey of possibility of introducing solar energy into buildings; 1990 nendo taiyo energy no kenchikubutsu eno donyu kanosei chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1990 on survey on possibility of introducing solar energy into buildings. Capacity of photovoltaic power generation facilities installed on an area of 1600 km{sup 2}, such as roofs of residential houses, schools and building may be calculated on a trial bases as 100 million kW at maximum. The capacity can replace 16% of the total demand and corresponds to 26.30 million kiloliters (9%) as converted to crude oil. If photovoltaic power generation is utilized on buildings of users, diversified technological criteria are required from the viewpoint of legislation covering wide range of architectural, electrical and disaster aspects. However, no direct and clear standards are available now, except for the electric power business law. What are urgently required are solar cell standardization, incentive subsidies, aging safety, institutions for electric power sale and purchase, and establishment of technological criteria. An utilization example survey revealed problems in array installation and size. Increased demand, mass production and cost reduction will create a favorable cycle. Introduction, proliferation, and acceleration under policies at public facilities which are expected of enlightenment and development into other areas will be the effective means for the purpose. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1997 research report. International energy use rationalization project (Analytical tool research project for energy consumption efficiency improvement in Asia); 1997 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    The project aims to prepare inter-industry relations tables and models for energy analysis for Asian countries and thereby to probe into relations between the industrial structure or the ultimate consumption structure and energy consumption. For the comprehension of energy consumption as broken by each industry, Asian nations' inter-industry relations tables and energy statistics are linked for the compilation of energy analysis oriented inter-industry relations tables, and the resultant tables are used for the metric analysis of industrial structures and energy consumption structures in these countries. The tables prepared this time are 1985 tables for Korea, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines and 1990 tables for China, Singapore, and Malaysia. The Malaysian transportation sector needs to be improved in energy saving. In Singapore, energy saving is functioning effectively in the transportation sector. China's energy consuming industries are those involving coal, chemistry, steelmaking, ceramics, and earth and quarrying. In Taiwan, improvement needs to be made in the transportation sector. Korea should conserve energy in the transportation sector. In the Philippines, energy needs to be saved in businesses related to water supply, transportation, and fishery. Thai industries as a whole needs to save energy. Improved energy consumption efficiency is sought for in the Indonesian cement related sector. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1997 research report. International energy use rationalization project (Analytical tool research project for energy consumption efficiency improvement in Asia); 1997 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    The project aims to prepare inter-industry relations tables and models for energy analysis for Asian countries and thereby to probe into relations between the industrial structure or the ultimate consumption structure and energy consumption. For the comprehension of energy consumption as broken by each industry, Asian nations' inter-industry relations tables and energy statistics are linked for the compilation of energy analysis oriented inter-industry relations tables, and the resultant tables are used for the metric analysis of industrial structures and energy consumption structures in these countries. The tables prepared this time are 1985 tables for Korea, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines and 1990 tables for China, Singapore, and Malaysia. The Malaysian transportation sector needs to be improved in energy saving. In Singapore, energy saving is functioning effectively in the transportation sector. China's energy consuming industries are those involving coal, chemistry, steelmaking, ceramics, and earth and quarrying. In Taiwan, improvement needs to be made in the transportation sector. Korea should conserve energy in the transportation sector. In the Philippines, energy needs to be saved in businesses related to water supply, transportation, and fishery. Thai industries as a whole needs to save energy. Improved energy consumption efficiency is sought for in the Indonesian cement related sector. (NEDO)

  4. Research report of fiscal 1997. Feasibility research on introduction of distributed power sources using new energy (photovoltaic and wind power generation) in the South Pacific; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Minami Taiheiyo ni okeru shin energy (taiyoko, furyoku nado) wo katsuyoshita bunsangata dengen no donyu kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Feasibility research was made on distributed power sources using photovoltaic and wind power generation in Tonga and Samoa. For the best mix of environment-friendly power sources, hearing from government leaders and power business persons, and field inspection were carried out. Foreign currency earnings of Tonga are dependent on remittance from nations working overseas, while since diesel fuel for power generation is expensive because of import through Fiji and tariffs, multi-power sources for power cost reduction and low-cost new power systems are in expectation. Underground transmission and distribution lines are under consideration to prevent typhoon damages. Both countries are probably rich in wind power potential, however, wind condition data are poor requiring further researches. Tonga government is in charge of power business except that in Tongatapu island. In Samoa, EPC (Electric Power Corp.) is in charge of power business. Hydroelectric power generation is possible because of rivers formed by abundant tropical rains. Feasibility research was made on coal-firing, fuel cell combined, wind power, photovoltaic and waste power generation. 7 figs.

  5. Conservative treatment of congenital false joint of shin in newborns and infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. Shchokin

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Congenital false joint of shin occurs in 1 case per 28 000 - 190 000 live births, but it is hard-to-treat and disabling disease. Objective: Improving treatment outcomes, reducing the number of surgical interventions for the treatment of congenital false joint of shin. Materials and Methods. The method is carried out using staged plaster casts with the gradual correction of deformities. When axis of the leg approximates to the normal one, axial load is added. First, it is done by tapping on the heel. When the child was 7-8 months old he was put on the legs and taught to walk. The plaster bandage is replaced by "Scotch cast" and "soft cast" bandage. The treatment lasted up to reaching of clinical effect – correction of shin deformation and absence of pathological mobility. Clinical effect must be confirmed by roentgenography which must demonstrate filling of false joint zone with bone tissue and restoration of intramedullary canal. During all the period of treating alternate courses of electrophoresis with calcium chloride, medical mud extracts and magnetic therapy are conducted. In the period from 1995 till 2015 in the Regional Zaporizhzhia Children Clinical Hospital 4 children (6 shins aged from 1 to 7 months with false joint of shin were treated using proposed method. Results and discussion. All 4 children (6 shins treated in clinic with proposed conservative method showed filling of false joint zone with bone tissue, restoration of intramedullary canal and significant extension of axis of the shin. The load on the leg in early terms results in compression of bone fragments (as in compression-distraction osteosynthesis, magnetic therapy, electrophoresis with calcium chloride and medical mud extracts promote active functioning of the muscles that improves regional blood supply and improves osteogenesis. Conclusions. Using the proposed method of treatment of congenital false joint of shins in newborns and infants can allow avoiding surgical

  6. Fiscal 1996 research report. Basic research on energy consumption efficiency improvement for developing countries (Industry related survey for energy analysis); 1996 nendo hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa jigyo hokokusho. Energy bunsekiyo sangyo renkan chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-05-01

    Inter-industry relations tables and energy statistics are combined for Asian countries for the preparation of energy analysis oriented inter-industry relations tables, which are used to metrically analyze Aisan nations' industrial structures and energy consumption structures for the ultimate purpose of grasping the magnitude of each industry's demand for energy. The tables prepared this year cover Korea, Indonesia, Thailand, and the Philippines. In Korea, the self-sufficiency rate of mineral fuels is low at 23.1%, which is due to its import of crude oil from abroad. It consumes 177.92-million tons (in terms of oil) of energy for its economic activities, with energy saving measures expected to work effectively here. Indonesia's mineral fuel self-sufficiency rate is high at 84.3% because it is an oil producing country. The energy it consumes for its economic activities is 179.37-million tons (in terms of oil), and energy saving measures will work effectively here. Thailand is a crude oil importing country. Its mineral fuel self-sufficiency rate is 33.4% and the energy its economic activities consume is 53.08-million tons (in terms of oil), and energy saving measures will work effectively in this country. The Philippines is a crude oil importing country and its mineral fuel self-sufficiency rate is as low as 4.8%. It consumes 22.71-million tons of energy (in terms of oil) for its economic activities, and energy-saving measures are expected to take effect here. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1997 research report. International energy use rationalization project (Analytical tool research project for energy consumption efficiency improvement in Asia); 1997 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika nado taisaku jigyo chosa hokokusho. Asia energy shohi koritsuka bunseki tool chosa jigyo (honpen)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    Efforts have been under way to prepare inter-industry relations tables and energy data for four Asian countries, namely, China, Taiwan, Singapore and Malaysia, and a tool for energy consumption efficiency analysis has been developed and improved. In Chapter 1, energy supply and demand in the above-named four countries is reviewed on the basis of recent economic situations in these countries. In Chapter 2, bilateral inter-industry relations tables usable under the project are employed for the analysis of the economic status of each of the countries and energy transactions between them, and a method is described of converting the tables into one-nation inter-industry relations tables which meet the need of this project. In Chapter 3, national characteristics reflected on the respective energy input tables are described, and a method is shown of converting a nationally characterized unit energy table into a common unit energy input table for registration with a database. In Chapter 4, the constitution of the Asian energy consumption efficiency improvement analyzing tool and a system using the tool are explained. In Chapter 5, some examples of analyses conducted by use of the analyzing tool are shown, in which the energy saving effect and CO2 emission reduction effect are estimated for Indonesia by use of the analyzing tool. (NEDO)

  8. New energy vision of the Daito town area. Creation of a green energy town - Aiming at realizing the zero-emission society; 2001 nendo Daito cho chiiki shin energy vision. Green enenrgy town no sozo - Zero emisshon shakai no jitsugen wo mezashite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Daito Town, Shimane Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy demand amount of the town was estimated at 141,437 x 10{sup 6} kcal, and the amount of CO2 emitted from this was 15,787 t-C. By sector, the energy demand amount consisted of 38% in the transportation sector, 37% in the commercial/residential sector and 26% in the industrial sector. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: formation of the zone for learning new energy; introduction of solar system/thermoelectric supply system to the center for providing school lunch; introduction of thermoelectric supply system by stockbreeding biomass gas turbine; introduction of large wind power system; introduction of micro hydraulic power system/heat pump using waste hot water as heat source to tourist facilities/townspeople exchange facilities; introduction of photovoltaic power system/solar system/cogeneration system/solar car to public facilities; district thermoelectric supply using wood biomass. (NEDO)

  9. Notes on breeding sharp-shinned hawks and Cooper’s hawks in Barnwell County, South Carolina.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vukovich, Mark; Kilgo, John, C.

    2009-07-01

    Abstract - Breeding records of Accipiter striatus (Sharp-shinned Hawks) in the southeastern US are scattered and isolated. We documented a Sharp-shinned Hawk and Accipiter cooperii (Cooper’s Hawk) nest while conducting a telemetry study on Melanerpes erythrocephalus (Red-headed Woodpeckers) in Barnwell County, SC in 2006 and 2007. We report the first known nest of a Sharp-shinned Hawk in Barnwell County, SC and the first report of Sharp-shinned Hawks preying upon Red-headed Woodpeckers. Thirteen of 93 (13.9 %) woodpeckers were killed by accipiters in the summers of 2006 and 2007. Large, contiguous forests managed for Picoides borealis (Red-cockaded Woodpeckers) may be used by breeding Sharp-shinned Hawks. The bright plumage, loud calls, and behavior of Red-headed Woodpeckers, particularly during the nestling stage, may make them conspicuous prey for accipiters.

  10. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Basic survey for energy consumption rationalization and cooperative project on energy conservation seminar; 1999 nendo energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa oyobi sho energy seminar kyoryoku jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-06-01

    A survey was conducted of Myanmar's energy-consuming industries for exploring the feasibility of introducing practical energy conservation techniques and facilities to this country and for collecting basic data for the implementation of the project in the future. On the other hand, some lecturers were dispatched to an energy conservation seminar which was held in cooperation with the Government of Myanmar. Visited during the basic survey were (1) the Kyan Gin plant of Myanmar Ceramic Enterprise representing Myanmar's cement making industry, (2) the Thanlyin plant of Myanmar Petrochemical Enterprise representing Myanmar's oil refining industry, and (3) the Siftong plant of Myanmar Paper and Chemical Enterprise representing Myanmar's paper making industry. In the study of energy conservation measures for which stabilization of operation through reinforced facility maintenance and management were required, it was concluded that much time was necessary before Japan's advanced energy conservation technologies might be introduced into Myanmar. Three to six propositions were presented to each of the three plants. At the seminar, the importance of energy conservation promoting measures and the results of the basic survey were introduced to the audience. A lecture meeting was also held to familiarize some participants with NEDO-DB (Database of New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization). (NEDO)

  11. Basic project on the cooperation in enhancement of the international energy consumption efficiency. Survey of energy conservation potential by industry; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shohi koritsuka chosa nado kyoryoku kiso jigyo hokokusho. Gyoshubetsu sho energy potential chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of looking for measures to promote the effective energy conservation in China, the potential energy conservation amount in general plants was surveyed and analyzed by industry. Activities were made in the following fields: 1) survey of the actual state of energy in main industries; 2) energy conservation potential in the cement industry in China; 3) energy conservation potential in thermal power plants in China. In 1), survey was made on 8 industries including the iron/steel industry and oil refining industry. In 2), survey was made of the actual state of the Liulihe cement plant and Shitou cement plant. The subjects extracted were the arrangement of instrumentation equipment such as the exhaust gas analyzer needed for combustion management, improvement of the air/fuel ratio of kiln, enhancement of cooling efficiency of clinker cooler, etc. In 3), the actual state of the Qinling power plant was surveyed, and it was made clear that high efficiency of 38% or more can be maintained if the appropriate use/maintenance management is made (coal unit consumption: 383g/kWh in Qinling and 309g/kWh). (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Foundation building project for international energy use rationalization. Master plan preparation for rationalized energy use; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika kiso seibi jigyo chosa hokokusho. Goriteki energy shiyo no tame no master plan sakusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For energy conservation and environmental protection using technologies for effective consumption of energy and for preventing pollution due to energy consumption, master plans were studied and prepared on photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, natural gas utilization, and so on, for the Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Gansu Province, and Guandong Province, respectively. Propositions addressing the Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu involved a decrease in dependence on coal, utilization of natural gas, introduction of coal-fired cogeneration systems, introduction of wind power up to the level equivalent to the supply reserve capability, energy conversion and new industry development using natural gas, promotion of electrification of local communities, and so on. Propositions addressing Gansu Province involved the hydroelectric power system as the core of power sources, decrease in dependence on coal, enhanced utilization of natural gas, energy conversion and new industry development utilizing natural gas, and so on. Propositions addressing Guangdong Province involved a decrease in dependence on coal and oil, enhanced utilization of natural gas, introduction of natural gas-fired combined cycle power generation into urban sectors, accelerated utilization of wind power generation on isolated islands, and so on. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1997 report on the model project for the effective energy consumption in developing countries. Survey of changes of energy conservation technology and environmental protection technology in the oil refining industry in Japan; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka model jigyo (Nippon sekiyu seiseigyo ni okeru sho energy gijutsu to kankyo taisaku gijutsu no hensen chosa hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For global scale measures to be taken for environmental protection, it becomes more and more important in the future to positively transfer and spread energy conservation technologies of Japan to overseas countries. Especially, it is effective for both economic growth in the Asian region and global environmental protection to transfer technologies which the oil refining industry has been developing and accumulating. Energy conservation in the oil refining industry means the energy conservation by strengthening the operational control at the first and second oil crises in the first stage, the energy conservation in the second stage which was accompanied by small and medium scale plant/equipment investments during several years after the first stage, and the energy conservation in the third stage which was accompanied by large scale investments from the first half of the 1980s to the present, resulting in improvement of 40% over before the first oil crisis. As to environmental protection measures, measures to reduce waste from oil refinery against air pollution and water pollution were prepared by the first half of the 1970s, and technologies were established of waste water treatment, flue gas desulfurization and denitrification. A lot of facilities for improvement of product quality and for low pollution were installed. In addition to environmental technologies, also in other industries, there were seen the heightening of thermal efficiency of kiln and thermal efficiency of cooling technique of clinker cooler in the cement industry and the improvement of productivity in the paper/pulp industry. 360 figs., 62 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 1997 survey report on the project on energy conservation by effectively using building energy in Indonesia; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Indonesia ni okeru biru energy yuko riyo ni yoru sho energy ka project chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As an energy conservation method for a model building, the following eight methods were selected and trially calculated of the effects. 1) adoption of high efficient illumination apparatus, 2) introduction of an illuminance control system, 3) cooling water secondary pump with invertor, 4) ventilation control for parking lots, 5) heightening of the established temperature, 6) improvement of the 24-hour run chiller, 7) elevator with invertor, and 8) introduction of the photovoltaic power generation. As a result, it was found out that energy was totally reduced by about 3,837.4 MWh/yr or 25.6%. If viewed from the amount of reduction in greenhouse gas, the amount of CO2 emitted from office buildings, approximately 0.22 million t-C/yr, decreases to approximately 0.16 million t-C/yr. Further, approximately 0.93 million t-C/yr, the amount of CO2 emitted from commercial use facilities such as office buildings, department stores and hotels is reduced to about 0.69 million t-C/yr, thanks to the effect of the project on energy saving buildings, which made a CO2 reduction by approximately 0.24 million t-C/yr possible. Validity of the project on energy conservation in Indonesia was confirmed. 2 refs., 55 figs., 38 tabs.

  15. Survey for preparing the database for R and D of new engines. Waste power generation, solar heat system, geothermal power generation, clean energy vehicle, coal liquefaction/gasification, and combined systems; Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa. Haikibutsu hatsuden, taiyonetsu riyo, chinetsu hatsuden, clean energy jidosha, sekitan ekika gas ka oyobi odanteki tema

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The present developmental conditions and issues of new energies are systematically arranged for effective promotion of their diffusion. One hundred and forty six general waste power generation facilities of 558,000kW are in operation in 1995, and among them 89 facilities supplies 1,080 GWh to power companies. 50 industrial waste power facilities of 247,000kW are in operation. 20,000 solar systems and 180,000 hot water heaters are in operation in 1995. Commercial geothermal power generation facilities of 490,000kW and private ones of 36,000kW are in operation. Introduction of expensive clean energy vehicles is making very slow progress. The pilot study on bituminous coal liquefaction is in promotion mainly by NEDO. The experiment of entrained bed coal gasification in Nakoso was successfully completed, and development of a commercial plant is to be expected. Power rates of 10 power companies were reduced in 1996, and unit purchase prices of surplus power of photovoltaic and wind power generation were also revised. The new menu and unit purchase price were announced in 1996 for surplus power of waste power generation and fuel cell. 67 figs., 284 tabs.

  16. Standardization of spedalized medical care to patients with shin fractures in multifield city hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. M. Tikhilov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the investigation was development of science-based recommendations for increasing efficiency of operative treatment of adult patients with shin fractures in multiprofile city hospital. Investigation was made in Saint-Petersburg Alexandrovskiy City Hospital. Clinical material was presented by official hospital reports, individual medical documentation and results of direct survey of patients treated in this hospital in period 1999-2010 years. All patients had follow up treatment in outpatient department of this hospital. Information was completed following federal and local laws. Recommendations for standardization of modern specialized medical care of patients with shin fractures, based on methods of internal fixation, were performed. We took into consideration possibilities of conventional and minimally invasive fixation of closed and open fractures including politrauma injuries. Models of patients with shin fractures depending on method of internal fixation and list of basic diagnostic procedures and treatment were formed. Operations classifier of internal shin fractures fixation was developed. This classifier includes calculation of hospital costs in process of specialized medical care considering actual correction coefficients. Calculation of each surgical procedure component was performed. List and composition of instrument sets and expense materials for such operations were formed. Analisis of organizational, medico-technological, economica aspect and expert evaluation of clinical results of different methods of long bones fractures fixation have provided conceptual approach to treatment standardization. On this base we have developed medico-economical standards of long bones fractures treatment in city multiprofile hospital.

  17. Development of Severe Accident Management Strategies for Shin-Kori 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lee, Youngseung; Kim, Hyeongtaek; Shin, Jungmin

    2013-01-01

    Shin-Kori units 3 and 4 are new reactors under construction as an APR 1400 type reactor. The plants which considered coping with severe accident from design phase are different from other operating plants in view of severe accident management strategies. The purpose of this paper is to establish optimal strategies for Shin-Kori 3 and 4. A scheme for optimized severe accident management was drawn up with the object of achieving core cooling, containment integrity, and decreased release of fission product. Shin-Kori units 3 and 4 are a new reactor and designed to add mitigating systems for coping with severe accident such as ECSBS, PAR, and CFS. Also the plants are reflected as a part of Fukushima followup measures The strategies of SAMG for Shin-Kori 3 and 4 were developed. The strategic approach was based on the concept of defense in depth. Firstly, strategies for core cooling were chosen such as RCS depressurization, injection to SG, injection to RCS, and injection to reactor cavity. Secondly, the plans for containment integrity were developed for controlling pressure and hydrogen in containment. Lastly, reduced release of fission product was considered for protection of the public after containment failure. The achieved strategies meet the needs of effective methods for severe accident management and enhancement of safety

  18. Fiscal 2000 survey report on technological trends. Survey on trend of high-density energy beam technology concerning conservation of energy; 2000 nendo gijutsu doko nado chosa hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika ni kakawaru komitsudo energy beam technology no doko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    There is a possibility that machining technology using high-density energy beam will bring an epoch-making change to micro-nano area processing. In particular, a laser beam having high controllability is indispensable. This is a report of the fiscal 2000 survey. The survey was conducted on laser beam generation, control and nano-diagnostic techniques, micro-nano optics technologies and machining technologies, with the development problems and targets summarized. Laser beam generation/control technologies, which become the basic tools for micro-nano manufacturing, were investigated, as were inspection technologies for the purpose of checking the functions of nano structures created. Particularly, the investigation elucidated the significance of development of a femtosecond solid state laser based on a semiconductor laser and the control techniques of their phase. Further, necessity was emphasized in developing X-ray probing, infrared and terahertz spectroscopy which are essential for nano-diagnostic techniques. In optics technologies, the paper described the importance of photonic crystals which enable less-than-wavelength machining or electrical beam control using interference effect. The possibility of fabricating photocatalysts with nano-particles was also mentioned, as was the manufacturing of nano-functional structures. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D of technology of high-level treatment/effective use of domestic/industrial wastes, etc. (for public); 1996 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku seikatsu sangyo haikibutsu shori yuko riyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing environmental loads of waste and effectively using resource by waste recycling, a study was conducted of high-level treatment/effective use technology for domestic/industrial wastes, etc. The paper reported the results of fiscal 1996. In the EcoCement producing technology using the synthetic urban type waste, EcoCement with stable quality was obtained using sewage sludge and industrial waste as raw materials. In the specified freon decomposition disposal technology, an experiment was carried out on durability, etc. of the processing unit. In the high speed/reduced smell biological garbage disposal technology, technology of fermenting disposal, etc. were established, and at the same time technology of making garbage compost was developed. In the technology to manufacture environment friendly type plastic containers, etc., a degradation behavior was grasped of degradable plastics in the compost. In the spread type waste plastic/thermal recycle technology, studied were a system to collect waste and a system to make waste solid fuel. Technology to recycle coolant freon was studied. 14 refs., 261 figs., 137 tabs.

  20. Fiscal 1997 report under consignment from NEDO on the R and D of femto-second technology (development of ultra short pulse optoelectronics technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku femto gyo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu (chotan pulse ko electronics gijutsu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Very high speed electronics technology is indispensable for the creation of industrial base technology which supports high grade informatizing in the 21st century. The state of light and electronics is controlled in the femto-second time domain. As to the development of femto-second light pulse generation/transmission technology, mode synchronous semiconductor laser was manufactured using the strain quantum well structure aiming at heightening profit, and the repeated frequency, 166GHz, was achieved. Relating to the pulse compression element, exciton photonic band was newly designed. A technology of coding was also studied. As to the development of technology of femto-second light pulse control/distribution, shortening of the wavelength down to 1.5{mu}m and a possibility of femto-second domain high speed response were indicated by the combined double quantum well structure. The quantitative measurement of spin relaxation characteristics was successfully made. By the Mach-Zehnder light switch, obtained was the world`s fastest light switching characteristic. To realize the femto-second class very high speed element, conditions were grasped on the crystal growth of Sb based ultra thin films operating in the 1.5{mu}m zone by studying the quantum well using transition among sub-bands. 242 refs., 280 figs., 12 tabs.

  1. FY 1997 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on technology development of utilization of biological resources such as bioconsortia (development of analytical techniques of bioconsortia); 1997 nendo sangyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Fukugo seibutsukei nado seibutsu shigen riyo gijutsu kaihatsu (fukugo seibutsukei kaiseki gijutsu no kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Bioconsortia are microbial composites composing of more than two kinds of microorganisms with special functions. To utilize their advanced functions, some techniques have been developed for analyzing their functions and interactions, and for identification, separation and incubation of the constituent microbial groups. In FY 1997, an investigation was made on technology trends, domestic researchers, and research topics related to bioconsortia. To manage and promote the progress of research at the National Institute of Bioscience and Human-Technology where the centralized management of this project is conducted, meetings are held once a month to examine the progress at the institute, in which reports are made and discussions are held on how each research item is progressing. In addition, meetings of the committee to promote research are held every other month to consider and examine measures required for promoting the research. Re-entrustment of research has been made on two subjects, i.e., `Studies on biological significance of symbiotic microorganisms` by Prof. Ishikawa of the University of Tokyo, and `Study on the relationship between the biosynthesis of useful terpenic materials of plant origin and the differentiation of plant tissues, and their effective production by plant cell cultures` by Prof. Inoue of Gifu Pharmaceutical University. 27 refs., 13 figs., 1 tab.

  2. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the cooperative research project under consignment from NEDO on technology for simply setting-up of the molding conditions of engineering plastics; 1997 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku (Engineering plastic no seikei joken kan`i settei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo seika hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A cooperative research project was carried out between Japan and Thailand with the aim of developing a system which can simply set up molding conditions using as elements the technology on mold design and injection molding in plastic parts production and the experiment/evaluation technology for making sure of the quality of molded products. In fiscal 1997, based on the basic plan worked out in the previous fiscal year, molding equipment, auxiliary equipment, mold, experimental equipment, injection molding CEA system, etc. were installed at Thailand`s BSID (Bureau of Supporting Industries Development). Supported by equipment manufacturers, the technical guidance was given for operation/maintenance/control of all equipment. At the same time, researchers were sent from Japan, and the joint research was started. Japan received three researchers from BSID for training of molding technology, injection molding CEA program use technology, and experimental evaluation technology. The engineering plastics used for study are polyacetal, polyamide and polycarbonate. 17 refs., 68 figs., 14 tabs.

  3. Fiscal 1996 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of technologies to invent original high-functional materials; 1996 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Technologies were described of creating original high-functional materials. The paper presented the following two as fields of technology on which importance is to be placed for the future R and D from technological and socioeconomic points of view. In the field of new materials of living organism imitation type, remarkably high-performance/high-functional new materials are invented by imitating the precise function manifestation mechanism of the ultimate living organism in which a great variety of matters are in harmony with each other and manifest complicated and high-level functions. In the field of structural control/synthesis process technology, the paper is aimed at manifestation of newer and higher functions/performance and innovation of the synthesis process, and also at developing technology to precisely control structure and process of materials including surface and interface in correspondence with atomic/molecular to macro levels. Up to the present, conducted were an examination of autonomous response materials (the subtheme is a R and D of polymer/composite multi-stimuli-responsive materials) and a R and D of precise polymerization (control) polymer materials. 239 refs., 129 figs., 49 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science technology under consignment from NEDO. Report on the R and D of nonlinear optoelectronic materials; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As to the development of organic base materials, the paper is going ahead with an evaluation, higher performance and further use as materials of basic optical properties of quirale nonlinear materials and organic conjugate base materials which are promising among organic low molecular materials. As the development of orientation control crystal growth technology, grooves for orientation control were formed on the surface of the lead glass substrate, from which thin film single crystals were obtained. The nonlinear response was studied of the glass where semiconducting fine particles dispersed in matrix glass. Glass scattering base prototype materials were selected by the sol-gel method and ultra-low melting-point glass method. The glass dispersion base materials by the very fast cooling method was also studied. For the purpose of realizing a high speed switching characteristic, a processing technology was developed of ultra fine particle dispersing polymer light waveguide. As to the technology for super lattice, the optimum nonlinear performance materials were selected mainly with the optimum complex super lattice base. Moreover, the three-dimensional super structuring technology was constructed to improve nonlinear optical characteristics. The comprehensive investigational study was conducted for effective promotion of the research development. 177 refs., 260 figs., 27 tabs.

  5. Fiscal 1997 research report on the R and D project under a consignment from NEDO. Photonics engineering (R and D of photonics measuring/processing technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Photon keisoku kako gijutsu (photon keisoku kako gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Survey was made on the trend of R and D on photonics engineering to clarify the direction of its impact and ripple effect on industrial fields. Reduction of environment burden, improvement of the productivity and reliability of products, and creation of new industries by novel creative R and D are necessary simultaneously. For reconsideration of the previous measurement and machining technologies in a manufacturing industry, use of photon (laser) beams is promising. As photonics engineering, photonics measurement and machining, and elemental and peripheral technologies for generation and control of photon were surveyed. Photonics application technologies for medical care and diagnosis, communication and transmission, entertainment, and chemical fields were also surveyed. In fiscal 1997 as the first year of this project, based on the results obtained in leading researches conducted until fiscal 1996, some technological issues were clarified through the survey on the latest trend of photonics engineering in measurement, machining and generation fields, and its feasibility in the other fields. 265 refs., 91 figs., 10 tabs.

  6. Report on the results of the fiscal 1997 R and D under consignment from NEDO of photon measuring/processing technology (R and D of petroleum production system high-grade measuring/processing technology); 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku photon keisoku kako gijutsu (sekiyu seisan system kodo keisoku kako gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The R and D were conducted of high-strength and high-accuracy welding/joining technology using laser, technology to measure and assess the joining state of structures and defects around the surface of structures and inside structures by high accuracy and high resolution, and technology/equipment to generate a laser light source for the tool, which are all required to remarkably enhance safety/reliability of oil drilling facilities working in the severe environment. In fiscal 1997, as the R and D of oil production system high-grade measuring/processing technology, technical study, study of measures to be taken, operating experiment, assessment, examination, etc. were conducted on the following themes: 1) macroscopic processing technology (R and D of high-reliability laser welding technology), 2) non-destructive composition measuring technology (R and D of internal measurement and photoelectron spectroscopy using short-wavelength radiation), 3) tight-focusing all-solid-state laser technology (R and D of fiber laser), 4) tight-focusing all-solid-state laser technology (R and D of high-efficiency laser diode), and 5) comprehensive investigation of phonics engineering (investigation for photon-applied materials processing technology). 256 refs., 205 figs., 18 tabs.

  7. Report on the results of research and development under a consignment from NEDO on deca-nano quantum integrating transistor substrate technologies; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Deca-nano ryoshi shusekika soshi kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Researches have been conducted on deca-nano quantum integrating transistor substrate technologies, and developments were made on a three-dimensional device simulator which can be used in deca-nano domains, and a circuit simulator to have quantifying function transistors coexist with silicon semiconductor integrated circuits. The researches were intended to develop a simulator capable of analyzing properties of very small silicon and compound semiconductor devices in deca-nano domains. The researches discussed the applicability of conventional simulators, calculated quantum levels in a three-dimensional hetero structure, and resulted in development of an electron wave propagation simulator in optional two-dimensional shapes, a quantum Monte Carlo simulator, and a three-dimensional semiconductor device simulator with quantum correction. On the other hand, in order to estimate characteristics of a hybrid circuit in which single electron transistors coexist with conventional transistors such as CMOS transistors, a single electron hybrid circuit simulator was developed. The development indicated that a CMOS-SET fused memory is promising as a future LSI memory. 22 refs., 116 figs., 3 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 1997 R and D project under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the femtosecond technology; 1997 nendo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu (femto byo technology no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Ultrahigh-speed electronic technology is indispensable for creating industrial basic technologies supporting the advanced information society in the 21st century. Control technology of photonic and electronic states in a femtosecond region is essential. To establish the development policy of generation and transmission devices for femtosecond light pulses, research and analysis were made on nonlinear optical response and light pulse transmission properties. Basic issues on devices and materials such as mode-locked semiconductor laser, pulse compression device and light-light modulation material for coding were extracted. For new femtosecond light pulse control/distribution devices, research and analysis were made on response properties of intersubband transition phenomena in a semiconductor and electron spin relaxation phenomena, and semiconductor quantum structure. To develop metrological technology using ultra-short light pulse, study was made on an evaluation method for time- fluctuation of pulses in 100 femtosecond level. Generation of femtosecond high-intensity X-ray pulse was possible by fine control of the existing high-intensity laser. 19 refs., 26 figs., 1 tab.

  9. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the technical development of super metal under consignment from NEDO. Technology to create ferrous mesoscopic structure control materials; Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (tetsukei mesoscopic soshiki seigyo zairyo sosei gijutsu) seika hokokusho (1997 nendo). Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko (NEDO) itaku kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The fiscal 1997 results were reported of the project on the technical development of super metal which draws out limit performance of ferrous metal and improves the recyclability. In the study of large-strain deformation, a study was carried out with the use of large-strain deformation of more than 50% per 1 pass (strain rate: 0.7 or more) and multi-phase structure. By the crystal microstructuring technology, a level was reached where approximately 1{mu}m crystal size can be obtained. In the study of high magnetic field utilization, the course of study of the structure control and microstructuring was chosen in the preliminary experiment using the existing 8 tesla magnet, and the design and fabrication of a new 12 tesla large-diameter magnet were conducted. In the study of material structure prediction, modeling of microstructuring by recrystallization and establishment of a material predicting method of micro/multi-phase/mixed-grain structures were made the subjects. In the analysis of the mesoscopic structure, the mesoscopic analysis was made of the 0.3C-9Ni steel microstructured by the large-strain deformation thermal processing, and it was shown that the reflective electronic image measured by varying accelerating voltage gives new structural information. 111 refs., 135 figs., 35 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the R and D result of industrial science and technology. R and D on super metal (R and D on innovative raw metal materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku seika hokokusho. Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (kakushinteki kinzoku sokei zairyo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Study was made on the applicability of mechanical milling (MM) and mechanical alloying (MA) to Fe system alloys. Metastable austenitic stainless steels such as SUS316L and SUS304L form {alpha} phases by strain induced transformation due to MM, and are subjected to further plastic deformation. Nano-size fine structure was obtained through inverse transformation into austenite({gamma}) by heat treatment or high-temperature sintering of MM powder. Fine microduplex structure of 620nm in average crystal grain size was obtained for SUS316L. This material showed nearly 3.3 times higher 0.2% tensile proof stress, nearly 1.8 times higher tensile strength, and 35% higher elongation than conventional ingot steels. Solid solution powder of 12Cr-Mo-W ferritic steel was sintered by hot isostatic pressing (HIP) under low- temperature and ultrahigh-pressure conditions of 650degC and 588MPa. The as-HIP`ed sample and sample annealed at 800degC showed average {alpha} grain sizes of 33 and 50nm, respectively, and a strength twice as high as that of 12Cr steel. 97 refs., 60 figs., 18 tabs.

  11. Report on the research and development under a consignment from NEDO of high temperature carbon dioxide fixation and utilization technology for fiscal 1996; 1996 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku gyomu seika hokokusho. Nisanka tanso koon bunri kaishu sairiyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the prevention of global warming, this R and D is aimed at separating/recovering high temperature CO2 from high temperature gas at 300degC or above and developing technology for effective use of the recovered CO2 as measures taken for reduction in CO2 emissions from the fixed emission sources. In this fiscal year, the following were proceeded with: heightening of separation performance evaluation technology, promotion of technical development of ceramic separation membranes and supports, and development of element technology of modular integration. In the examinational research on separation technology and system optimization, the following were conducted: survey of trends of the technical development, conceptual design of plant and prediction of process behavior, assessment of applicability of the process, and study of effects of utilization/spread of the developmental technology. In the former R and D, borosilicate glass powder rich in alkali is formed on the ring by joining the trially manufactured hollow fiber type membrane and the same form alumina cylinder, and sealing property and strength which stand measurement of permeability were confirmed. In the latter, an innovative process applied with CO2 high temperature separation technology was studied to examine effects of the spread of high temperature gas separation technology. 403 refs., 478 figs., 134 tabs.

  12. FY 1996 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on R/D of organosilicon polymers; 1996 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    Organosilicon polymers are highly innovative materials having high performance and novel functions, and they can be widely applied. The purpose of this study is to establish fundamental techniques for molecular design, synthesis, material processing and evaluation of organosilicon polymers having excellent electro- and photo-functions, and advanced heat-proof, fire-proof and mechanical properties. This R/D includes (1) R/D of electrical conducting materials by organosilicon polymers, (2) R/D of novel organosilicon polymers applicable to direct lithography, (3) R/D of new silicon-based polymer materials with electro-luminous function, and (4) R/D of silicon-based polymers for new photoconductive materials. In (1), synthesis of highly conjugated polymers is investigated. In (2), novel organosilicon polymeric materials have been developed, which would be applicable to direct lithography of electronic circuits, and which could contribute to simplification of the circuit formation process. In (3), the research aims at development of new silicon-based polymer materials with luminescent function which can be applied to the large size electro-luminescent display devices. In (4), new materials with visible light absorption have been synthesized through the molecular design and synthesis. The photo-carrier generation was observed. 107 refs., 86 figs., 23 tabs.

  13. FY 1997 R/D project of industrial and scientific technologies contracted with NEDO. Report on R/D of organosilicon polymers; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu (keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this study is to establish fundamental techniques for molecular design, synthesis, material processing and evaluation of organosilicon polymers having excellent electro- and photo-functions, and advanced heat-proof, fire-proof and mechanical properties. This R/D includes (1) R/D of electrical conducting materials by organosilicon polymers, (2) R/D of novel organosilicon polymers applicable to direct lithography, (3) R/D of new silicon-based polymer materials with electro-luminous function, and (4) R/D of silicon-based polymers for new photoconductive materials. In (1), synthesis method of regular polymers with a 3-D structure was developed. Non-volatile dopants were developed, and structures of polymer-dopant composites could be controlled. In (2), precise control of conductivity was examined. Material processing and evaluation techniques were also examined through stabilization of polysilane thin films, optimization of pattern forming conditions, and precision of patterns. In (3), new silicon-based polymers have been synthesized. In (4), two kinds of polymers have been synthesized for development of materials with high photo-carrier generation efficiency and high mobility. 72 refs., 71 figs., 22 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the R and D under a consignment from NEDO of environmental technology such as recycling (for public). 1; 1996 nendo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Recycle nado kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo). 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This R and D is aimed at promoting reduction in environmental loads by waste, etc. and reutilization of waste, etc., and at developing environmental technology such as recycling contributing to reducing road traffic noise. Studies were made on operation conditions of material separation in the bottle state and flake state, color separation, washing process, etc. Moreover, tests were conducted on comparisons of performance of shredders with different functions. Running tests of 100,000 times were conducted to confirm effectiveness of durability of the paved road with used papers. Measurement of hardness of the resin using the sol-gel method and coating experiment using organic dye were carried out to study the membrane effect speed and flaw resistance of coating of coloring bottles. Gasification of shredder dust and separation of nonferrous metal and glass were conducted to get the basic data. As to FRP bath tubs, the ratio of glass fiber and plastics was studied and western tiles were trially manufactured. Further studies were made of removal conditions of noncombustibles, chlorine and sulfur content, and reaction conditions of alkali additives including kind, quantity and addition method. 166 figs., 132 tabs.

  15. Feasibility study on plan to utilize livestock excreta for bio-gas in Miyagi Village (Gunma Prefecture). Investigations on projects including district new energy vision establishment in fiscal 2000, and on feasibility for commercialization; Miyagimura chikusan haisetsubutsu bio gas ka energy riyo keikaku feasibility study. 2000 nendo chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo, jigyoka feasibility study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With objectives to utilize energy available from livestock excreta, and to properly treat the livestock excreta, a feasibility study was performed on a plan to utilize livestock excreta for bio-gas. The system to be developed is a livestock wastes treatment system to utilize gas generated by efficiently fermenting the excreta as fuel, and residual sludge solids as compost. The activity achievements were put into order by the following nine items: 1) purpose of the feasibility study, 2) method for the feasibility study, 3) the situation where the livestock industry and the hog raising industry were selected as the object of the investigation, 4) properties of hog excreta, characteristics in urine foul water treatment, technologies for urine foul water treatment (biological treatment), 5) bio-gasification of livestock wastes, 6) the basic conditions for investigating the demonstration bio-bas plants, 7) proposals and standard cases of the demonstration bio gas plants, 8) discussions and positioning of the basic system for the demonstration bio gas plants, and 9) conclusion. (NEDO)

  16. FY 2001 new energy vision of the Kin Town area. Initial stage survey. Town with plenty of heart, happiness, good living environment and vitality in harmony with nature; 2001 nendo Kin cho chiiki shin energy vision shoki dankai chosa. Shizen to no chowa ni yoru kokoro yutaka de akaruku sumiyoi katsuryoku aru machi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For working out a new energy vision in Kin Town, Okinawa Prefecture, study as an initial stage survey was conducted of the state of energy supply/demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, possibility of new energy introduction, etc. The energy consumption amount of Kim Town was estimated at 10.71 x 10{sup 10} kcal/y. By sector, it consisted of 5.10 x 10{sup 10} kcal in the transportation sector, 3.51 x 10{sup 10} kcal in the commercial/residential sector and 1.66 x 10{sup 10} kcal in the industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 55.3% of petroleum-base fuel, 40.6% of electric power and 4% of LP gas. The existence amount of new energy was estimated at 39,373 MWh, which is equivalent to 77.8% of the electric power consumption amount of the town. The existence amount of new energy is broken down into 31.4% of wind power generation, 30.3% of solar energy, 12.5% of photovoltaic power generation, 3.0% of waste utilization, etc. As to the program assuming the new energy introduction, a lot of themes were cited such as the introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to around the hog raising complex, utilization of wind power/biomass energy in the stockbreeding industry and introduction of hybrid car to official vehicle. (NEDO)

  17. New energy vision of the Kumano town area. Making of an eco-town that was promoted by both residents and the administration; 2001 nendo Kumano cho chiiki shin energy vision. Jumin to gyosei ga ittai to natta ecotownka no suishin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Kumano Town, Hiroshima Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the energy supply/demand of the town, existence amount of new energy, project for new energy introduction, etc., and a new energy vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of the town in FY 2000 was estimated at 215,882 Gcal/y. The rate of energy source was 32.9% of electric power, 27.3% of gasoline, 12.4% of kerosene and 11.4% of light oil, etc. As the project for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power/micro wind power generation to park; introduction of solar energy use hot water supply system to health center; solar energy utilization at facilities of the heated swimming pool; introduction of photovoltaic power generation to library; utilization of the spring from JR tunnel (drinking water/small hydraulic power generation); small hydraulic power generation using the water over-flowing from the Sakamo-oike (pond); installation of the street light using photovoltaic power/micro wind power hybrid generation at shopping street; introduction of clean energy vehicle to official vehicle. (NEDO)

  18. Report on a feasibility study of making an international joint research on energy in the Asia region; Asia chiiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu kanosei chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A survey was conducted on the energy situation in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and India, and a possibility of making an international joint research. Thailand has sharply increased investments from Europe and the U.S. since 1985, and has been making a rapid industrialization. As to the energy policy, it is important to secure the stable supply and stabilize the price. Indonesia has been rapidly increasing energy consumption in accordance with the recent economic growth, and is fear of becoming a net oil importing country in the near future. They are taking a policy for securing as much domestic oil and gas as possible. Malaysia has been keeping a high growth of over 8% per year for the past 8 years and rapidly increased energy demand. It is expected that they will maintain a high level of the development of energy resources. In the Philippines, the industrial energy is mostly coal, but electricity expected in future is from the oil-fueled power generation. The stable import of oil is a problem. 45 figs., 51 tabs.

  19. FY1998 research report on the energy saving research for Magnitogorsk steelworks in Russia; 1998 nendo Roshia Magnitogorsk seitetsusho shoenen chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to find out promising projects for the joint research, basic research was made on energy saving for Magnitogorsk steelworks in Russia. It was confirmed that introduction of a large waste heat recovery system and energy saving equipment could be met effectively by reduction of natural gas consumption by the 3 in-house power plants installed in the steelworks, and there is no problem for promotion of the project from the viewpoint of energy structure. Feasibility study was made on energy saving measures every process. The study results for the following are presented: (1) Coking process: CDQ, CMC, ACC, (2) Sintering process: reduction of ignition fuel by remodeling the ignition furnace, (3) Blast furnace process: TRT equipment, (4) BOF process: exhaust gas recovery system, (5) Hot rolling process: reduction of heating unit consumption by remodeling the reheating furnace and power saving measures for the reheating furnace blower and exhauster, and (6) Energy process: renewal of the oxygen plant. Annual CO{sub 2} emission reduction by complete implementation of these measures is estimated to be nearly 750,000t. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Basic survey of prioritized fields in South Asia (Bangladesh); 1999 nendo Minami Asia chiiki (Bangradesh) energy tashohi sangyo kiso chosa jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For working out and proposing project themes optimum for the popularization of technologies for effectively utilizing energy in Bangladesh, a basic survey was conducted into Bangladeshi energy policy, trend of supply and demand, steelmaking industry, cement making industry, and chemical fertilizer making industry. Bangladesh in fiscal 1997 consumed 10-million tons of energy in terms of oil, 60% or more in natural gas (domestic), 20% in oil, and the remaining 20% in others. Approximately 15% of all the households were supplied with electric power. There was no integrated production plant in the steelmaking industry. Only one mill performed calcination in the cement making industry. The impact to be imposed by the steelmaking and cement making industries on Bangladeshi energy consumption would be small. Fertilizer making was an important industry outputting 2.6-million tons, responsible for 30% of natural gas consumption. The highest priority was given to facility rehabilitation and production enhancement, and there was little hope that energy conservation facilities/technologies would be introduced into the steelmaking and fertilizer making industries. It was possible, however, that the horizontal tube mill would be replaced by a vertical roller mill in the cement making industry. (NEDO)

  1. New energy vision of Rokunohe Town. Maple green plan (Town creation using the riches of Nature and industries of the area); 2001 nendo Rokunohe machi chiiki shin energy vision. Meipuru Green keikaku - Yutaka na shizen to chiiki no sangyo wo ikashita machidukuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Rokunohe Town, Aomori Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the state of energy supply/demand, existence amount of new energy, introduction of new energy, etc., and a vision was worked out. The population of Rokunohe Town was 10,481 according to the results of the national census taken in 2000, which is slightly decreasing. The energy consumption amount of the town is 16,063.6t in oil conversion, and the consumption depends on fossil fuels such as electric power, gasoline, light oil, heavy oil and LPG gas. For the action plan for introduction of new energy, the following were cited: field study of the photovoltaic power generation, preparation of the shopping street/school street which are safe and unfrozen (snow melting of sidewalk), potential study of the agricultural development of snow/ice energy, use of the agricultural waste such as animal feces and waste vegetable (study of introduction of small-scale bio-system), promotion of recycle of cooking oil (study of the use of clean energy vehicles for official vehicles and use of diesel substituting fuel), study of use of energy crops for the idle field, various education projects, etc. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Research on energy saving for VSZ ironworks; 1999 nendo VSZ seitetsusho shoene chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The Slovak ironworks is subjected to a survey pursuant to the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol. A feasibility study is conducted about the installation of important energy saving facilities in the energy consuming sectors which are the coke plant, the sintering plant, and the blast furnace. Considered are CDQ (coke dry quench) and CMC (coal moisture control) for the coke plant, cooler exhaust heat recovery and an ignition burner for the sintering plant, and TRT (top pressure recovery turbine) for the blast furnace. The energy saving effects of CDQ, cooler exhaust heat recovery, ignition burner, and TRT are to be 2269, 183, 227, and 320 TJ/year, respectively, totalling 2999 TJ/year; and their CO2 reduction effects are 218,433, 17,329, 39,537, and 30,263 t-CO2/year, respectively, amounting to 387,349 t-CO2/year including 81,787 t-CO2/year from CMC. The ROI (return of investment) is quite low and is 0.074-0.002, this because of the electricity price being so low as 1/2-1/3 of that in Japan. Further studies including a study of funding are desired because the facilities to be installed will favor the environment and because the currently government controlled special energy price may be raised in the future. (NEDO)

  3. Development of Neutronics Model for ShinKori Unit 1 Simulator

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, JinHyuk; Lee, MyeongSoo; Lee, SeungHo; Suh, JungKwan; Hwang, DoHyun [KEPRI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-05-15

    ShinKori-Unit 1 and 2 is being built in the Kori site which will be operated at 2815 MWt of thermal core power. The purpose of this paper is to report on the performance of the developed neutronics model of ShinKori Unit 1 and 2. Also this report includes the convenient tool (XS2R5) for processing the large quantity of information received from the DIT/ROCS model and generating cross-sections. The neutronics model is based on the NESTLE code inserted to RELAP5/MOD3 thermal-hydraulics analysis code which was funded as FY-93 LDRD Project 7201 and is running on the commercial simulator environment tool (the 3KeyMaster{sup TM} of the WSC). As some examples for the verification of the developed neutronics model, some figures are provided. The output of the developed neutronics model is in accord with the Preliminary Safety Analysis Report (PSAR) of the reference plant.

  4. An advanced NSSS integrity monitoring system for Shin-Kori nuclear units 3 and 4

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oh, Y. G.; Kim, H. B.; Galin, S. R.; Kim, S. H.; Lee, S. J.

    2009-01-01

    The advanced design features of NSSS (Nuclear Steam Supply System) Integrity Monitoring System for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 are summarized herein. During the overall system design and detailed component design processes, many design improvements have been made for the system. The major design changes are: 1) the application of a common software platform for all subsystems, 2) the implementation of remote access, control and monitoring capabilities, and 3) the equipment redesign and rearrangement that has simplified the system architecture. Changes give an effect on cabinet size, number of cables, cyber-security, graphic user interfaces, and interfaces with other monitoring systems. The system installation and operation for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 will be more convenient than those for previous Korean nuclear units in view of its remote control capability, automated test functions, improved user interface functions, and much less cabling. (authors)

  5. An Advanced NSSS Integrity Monitoring System for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Yang Gyun; Galin, Scott R.; Lee, Sang Jeong

    2010-12-01

    The advanced design features of NSSS (Nuclear Steam Supply System) Integrity Monitoring System for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 are summarized herein. During the overall system design and detailed component design processes, many design improvements have been made for the system. The major design changes are: 1) the application of a common software platform for all subsystems, 2) the implementation of remote access, control and monitoring capabilities, and 3) the equipment redesign and rearrangement that has simplified the system architecture. Changes give an effect on cabinet size, number of cables, cyber-security, graphic user interfaces, and interfaces with other monitoring systems. The system installation and operation for Shin-Kori Nuclear Units 3 and 4 will be more convenient than those for previous Korean nuclear units in view of its remote control capability, automated test functions, improved user interface functions, and much less cabling.

  6. The software testing of PPS for shin Ulchin nuclear power plant units 1 and 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kang, Dong Pa; Park, Cheol Lak; Cho, Chang Hui; Sohn, Se Do; Baek, Seung Min

    2012-01-01

    The testing of software (S/W) is the process of analyzing a software item to detect the differences between existing and required conditions to evaluate the features of the software items. This paper introduces the S/W testing of Plant Protection System (PPS), as a safety system which actuate Reactor Trip (RT) and Engineered Safety Features (ESF) for Shin Ulchin Nuclear Power Plant Units 1 and 2 (SUN 1 and 2)

  7. Report on surveys and researches at the New Energy General Development Organization in fiscal 1980. Surveys and researches on hydrogen energy; 1980 nendo suiso energy ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-09-01

    This paper describes surveys and researches on hydrogen energy in fiscal 1980. The high-temperature high-pressure water decomposition process in hydrogen manufacturing technologies had development proceeded on membranes and electrodes, and succeeded operating a 4 Nm{sup 3}/hr plant. Also for the solid electrolyte electrolytic process, a test plant of 1.3 m{sup 3}/hr was completed. The paper describes iodine and bromine system cycle, high-temperature gas atomic reactor cycle, and hybrid process with regard to the thermo-chemical method cycle. Problems in different cycles include necessities to advance the development paying attention on sufficient discussions on thermal efficiency of 35% or higher, heat regeneration and recovery, discussions on separation and transportation, and durability of reactive device materials. The paper also introduces research on hydrogen manufacturing utilizing chemical conversion of solar energy, biomass, and microorganisms. For technologies to store and transport hydrogen, the paper introduces metal hydrides, whereas Ti-based and misch metal-based alloys were found suitable. For transportation, Mg-based alloy hydrides were regarded as the most expected hydrogen absorbing material. Surveys were made also on the current status of the manufacturing industry, production and utilization of hydrogen. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on development of wide-area energy utilization network system. Research on energy system design technology (Research on Eco-Energy City systematization); Eco ene toshi no system ka kenkyu 1999 nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    Efforts are being exerted to develop systems for effectively utilizing various kinds of waste heat in presence in cities and their neighborhood. In fiscal 1999, investigations were conducted into cases of low temperature waste heat utilization at 16 locations in Japan and into trends of heat utilization in five European countries, with a visit paid to European District Heating Association. There are 128 district heat supplying sites in service in Japan, of which 25 handles low temperature waste heat. As for their types of utilization, 12 are of the temperature difference energy utilization type while 13 are of the heat recovery type. When it comes to the system details, the importance of proper selection of structures and materials for heat accumulating systems and heat exchangers on the secondary side should be emphasized although it is the heat pump that assumes the key role. In Europe, indications are that district systems are developing into wide-area networks and that they are growing increasingly marketable. In the northern and eastern parts of Europe, 30-70% of demand for heat is met by district heating. Waste heat from power generation is the heat source, and this occupies 30-80% of the whole. Thanks to the introduction of the environmental tax, in addition, environments are now complete under which recoverable energy utilization will enjoy an advantageous position. (NEDO)

  9. Treatment efficiency of patients with shin fracture after intraosseous blocked osteosynthesis by using the load dispenser

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. V. Sukhin

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of research: еvaluation of the effectiveness of the device for determining the value of the load on the lower extremity while walking in real time with controlling and signalization of excessive and insufficient load. Materials and methods. Еlaborated and applied device, that allows to determine the load magnitude on the lower extremity in real time, and also to signal about excessive or weak load. The sensory block with the insole and the sensor is located in shoes, under patient's heel, and the main block is fixed on the shin with the help of the strap. Current value of the load on the leg is registered in real time. Received data is recorded in non-volatile memory. The system provides an opportunity to notify patient or doctor by email about the presence of a strong or weak load on the lower extremity, and also about the absence of load for a long period. Results. We used the loading batcher in 38 patients with the shin bones fractures, who were on inpatient treatment at the traumatology and orthopedics center in Odessa in the period from 1.5 to 12 months. The main group included patients, who used the load batcher on the lower extremity in rehabilitation period (transversal fracture of the shin bones diaphysis – 9 patients, oblique fracture – 11 patients. The control group consisted of patients, who didn't use the load batcher (10 patients with oblique fracture of the shin bones in the middle third, 8 patients with transversal fracture of both shin bones in the middle third. As a result of applying the device we succeeded to reduce the fracture fusion period for two weeks and avoid such complications as contracture of joint and fracture non-union. Conclusions. The device allows patients with traumatic consequences reaching the optimal load in rehabilitation period, avoiding excessive load on the lower extremity. The elaboration provides an opportunity to determine the statistics of the load and its transfer to the server

  10. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Research and development of fast-acting innovative energy-environment technology (Development of fast-acting high-efficiency solar cell technology - Development of high-quality ingot manufacturing technology); 2000 nendo shin energy sangyo gijutsu sogo kaihatsu kiko itaku kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho. Sokkoteki kakushinteki energy kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu (Sokkogata kokoritsu taiyo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu - Kohinshitsu ingot seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development was conducted of a technology for manufacturing an ultrathin polycrystalline silicon solar cell capable of efficiency enhancement and cost reduction earlier than the types of polycrystalline solar cells now available on the market. In this fiscal year, a silicon melt/solidification experimenting apparatus was built for manufacturing high-quality silicon ingots. Using an apparatus with its performance similar to the newly built one, a preliminary experiment was conducted involving high-purity silicon ingot manufacturing. In the experiment, boron was added to 75 kg of silicon for semiconductor devices so that its resistivity may be 0.5 ohm-cm. The silicon was melted in a quartz mold, and then subjected to unidirectional coagulation at 0.13 mm/min that started at the bottom to proceed upward. The result was a silicon ingot 44 cm times 44 cm times 17 cm (height). The ingot thus obtained exhibited 0.4-0.8 ohm-cm in resistivity distribution. Solar cells produced from the ingot showed a conversion rate of 16.9%. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1995 report on the survey of making models for introducing petroleum substituting energy systems. 2; 1995 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy system donyu model sakusei ni kansuru chosa). 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    In the promotion of measures taken for energy conservation, it is necessary to give local governments, entrepreneurs, etc. guidance for introducing energy systems which meet with features of the buildings and courses for how to construct infrastructures of towns or cities in case of development, redevelopment, etc. In fiscal 1995, each of the petroleum substituting energy systems was studied more detailedly, and the trend of building facilities for the introduction was studied and arranged. Energy systems by the following were set up paying attention to energy sources, energy conversion and energy transportation as factors composing a petroleum substituting energy system: photovoltaic power generation, use of solar energy, use of wind energy, use of geothermal energy, use of biomass energy, use of waste, use of temperature difference energy, cogeneration, load levelling, wide-area energy supply, etc. Also studied and arranged were energy demand, location, the recent trend, the point of introduction of energy systems, examples of introduction, etc. in relation to indoor sport facilities, hospitals, hotels, multiple dwelling apartments, commercial facilities, offices, plants, etc. 52 figs., 55 tabs.

  12. FY 2000 Project report on survey for drawing district energy-saving visions for City of Oguchi; 2000 nendo Oguchi-shi chiiki sho energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The energy-saving visions are drawn for City of Oguchi to help spread the energy-saving practices through the citizens, based on the studies on more efficient and realizable energy-saving measures, including effective utilization of district energy. The energy-saving activities cover the following 6 areas: (1) energy demand trends and current status of energy-saving measures, (2) basic environmental conditions related to energy saving in the district, (3) prediction of energy demands, (4) basic conception of the district energy saving, and introduction methodology, (5) energy-saving implementation plans, and (6) promotion of and problems involved in introduction of the energy-saving measures. The energy-saving implementation plans cover the public facilities, household, schools and private enterprises, and the energy-saving measures studied for the public facilities include introduction of microhydroelectric power generation systems for service water and sewer systems, revolving doors for libraries, high-efficiency illumination systems, and various types of solar systems. Those for household include economic utilization of home electric appliances and automobiles, and those for cooperation by the administration and citizens include thorough separation of garbage. (NEDO)

  13. Report on drawing district energy-saving visions for Town of Senmaya. Construction of the town of the 21st century beginning also from here; Senmayacho sho energy vision sakutei hokokusho. Kokokara mo hajimaru 21 seiki no machizukuri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    The energy-saving visions are drawn for the Town of Senmaya area, Iwate Pref., to promote energy saving and abatement of gas emissions which cause global warming. The project include supporting the citizens for energy-saving, e.g., enlightenment of introduction of energy-saving type household facilities (illuminators and air conditioners) and preferential parking spaces for energy-saving type vehicles; and spread/introduction supporting for enterprises, e.g., charge-free energy-saving diagnoses for studying potentially saved energy, and providing information, seminars and information exchange meetings to help enterprises obtain the ISO14001 qualification. The energy-saving activities studied for the administration sector itself to take include introduction of energy-saving/new energy type systems for new public facilities, high-efficiency illumination and insulation systems in existing facilities, energy-saving type model houses utilizing solar energy for municipal houses, office vehicles and municipal buses when they are replaced, and utilization of waste heat from garbage incinerators for air conditioning of public facilities. (NEDO)

  14. Report on a survey in fiscal 1998 for petroleum substituting energy development and utilization in the Pacific Ocean region; 1998 nendo Taiheiyo chiiki sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu riyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A survey was carried out to make available the information base that can collect, put into order and provide quickly and accurately the energy related information based on global environment problems in the Pacific Ocean region. Fiscal 1998 has performed a substituting energy demand and supply analysis in the Pacific Ocean region by adding the 1996 data, in addition to collection of the normal energy data. For the purpose of analyzing the petroleum substituting energy demand and supply in the Pacific Ocean region, data were collected from 17 countries for fiscal 1997 and the quarterly data for 1998. Retroactive data collection was also continued. The growth rate of primary energy supply in the Pacific Ocean region is 1.8% in average in the 1980's, and 3.8% in the 1990's. In contrast, the growth rate of petroleum substituting energies is 6.4% in the 80's and 6.2% in the former half of the 90's, being far higher than the growth rate of the primary energy supply. The share of the petroleum substituting energies accounting for in the primary energy supply has increased from 6.7% in 1980 to 12.1% in 1996. As the breakdown, nuclear power accounts for overwhelmingly large, followed by geothermal energy and new energies. (NEDO)

  15. Cutset Quantification Error Evaluation for Shin-Kori 1 and 2 PSA model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Choi, Jong Soo

    2009-01-01

    Probabilistic safety assessments (PSA) for nuclear power plants (NPPs) are based on the minimal cut set (MCS) quantification method. In PSAs, the risk and importance measures are computed from a cutset equation mainly by using approximations. The conservatism of the approximations is also a source of quantification uncertainty. In this paper, exact MCS quantification methods which are based on the 'sum of disjoint products (SDP)' logic and Inclusion-exclusion formula are applied and the conservatism of the MCS quantification results in Shin-Kori 1 and 2 PSA is evaluated

  16. Report on surveys in fiscal 1998 on the project to invite petroleum substituting energy related experts in Japan and EU; Nichi EU sekiyu daitai energy kanren senmonka shohei jigyo 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In relation with coping with global environmental problems in recent years, needs are increasing more than ever for enhancing fossil energy utilization rates, developing and expanding utilization of petroleum substituting energies that can substitute fossil energies. Since Japan is particularly a large energy consuming country, and cannot escape from depending on import for the majority of its energy resources, it is an urgent issue to enhance the energy utilization efficiency and further promote development and utilization of new energies. To do this, it is indispensable to exchange such item of information as identification of actual status in other countries of handling the petroleum substituting energies. Taking up geothermal energy, fiscal 1998 invited four experts from EU countries. Visits were made for about two weeks on Japanese research institutes and business enterprises related to geothermal energy, and opinions and information were exchanged. A seminar was held on the final day, where the EU experts have made presentations on the current status and future prospects on geothermal research and development in EU. Greatly valuable suggestions were given for the Japan's future geothermal research and development. (NEDO)

  17. Research report of FY 1997 on the clean coal technology promotion project and region model survey. Measures for environmental load reduction: feasibility survey on the environmental load reduction-type utilization Energy Center (interim report); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Clean coal technology suishin jigyo chiiki model chosa `kankyo fuka teigen taisaku: kankyo fuka teigengata sekitan riyo energy center feasibility chosa` chosa hokokusho (chukan hokoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The survey has given an eye to the coal that it can be easily burnt together with combustible waste and supplements unstable generation of waste. Thus, the establishment of the Energy Center at the place where infrastructure of coal will be arranged, a lot of combustible waste will be expected to generate and a considerable aniybt if energy will be used, has been planned, and this survey is intended to study the scale of Energy Center, its economy and the problems to be solved. In power plant project using RDF for above-mentioned local governments, the construction of power plant and the renewal time of the existing incinerator to RDF facility can be planned separately in this system. The power plant will be economically constructed and the amount of coal can be decreased in accordance with increased RDF to meet wide range of refuse treatment. In FY 1997, the actual situation of the waste treatment and the infrastructure of coal supply was surveyed, and selection of the place suitable for the Energy Center and its scale was studied. 69 figs., 50 tabs.

  18. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use. (Sapporo City); 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa (Sapporo) saiitaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Daily, weekly and annual changes in energy use at care-taking sites were studied with the following six assignments enumerated: (1) studies on energy use amount in residential houses in the Hokkaido district, (2) discussions on improving energy conservation and efficiency in electric room heating systems and road heating, (3) evaluation on indoor air environment and discussions on effectiveness of air cleaning devices and ventilation systems, (4) surveys and studies on rational snow disposal methods for houses for physically handicapped and elderly persons and on housing patterns, and (6) surveys on effects of room warming environment in energy saving type houses on body feeling of elderly persons. Development of at-home welfare device systems utilizing energy more effectively was studied with the following five assignments enumerated: (1) surveys on energy consumption evaluation of at-home welfare devices, (2) surveys on developing a method to simulate energy consumption by analyzing utilization of the at-home welfare devices, (3) surveys on energy consumption and pleasantness associated with movement from a living section using the welfare devices to outdoor, (4) surveys on a garage utilizing a home elevator and around the garage, and (5) surveys on temperature setting and energy consumption when humidity in the garage is adjusted. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Basic research on energy saving for Sendzimira ironworks; 1999 nendo Sendzimira seitetsusho sho energy kihon chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The energy consuming blast furnace, sintering mill, converter, and the steel mill of the above-named Polish ironworks are subjected to a survey pursuant to the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol. The in-house power station is also checked for total energy consumption. In parallel with energy profile investigation, feasibility is studied, from a macroscopic point of view, of introducing large exhaust heat recovery facilities and energy saving facilities into the ironmaking, steelmaking, and energy processes. It is then found that, as far as the energy profile is concerned, there is no problem to impede the implementation of the energy saving program when coal consumption is reduced at the in-house power station. As energy saving measures for the respective processes, top pressure recovery turbine installation, air heating furnace exhaust heat recovery, sintering cooler exhaust heat recovery, and converter exhaust gas recovery are suggested. When these measures are fully implemented, there will be an annual greenhouse gas reduction of 180,000 tons. Although profitable investment is near impossible now that energy price is so low, yet the project may realize if low interest loans are available. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Survey report on development and utilization of alternative energies for oil in Pacific region; 2000 nendo Taiheiyo chiiki sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu riyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A survey was conducted, with environmental matters taken into consideration, for building an information gathering infrastructure for the countries in the Pacific region, capable of promptly and accurately collecting and offering energy related information. Conducted in this fiscal year were regular data gathering, review of oil supply and demand and alternative energy supply and demand in the Pacific region, on-site survey of alternative energy development and utilization in Vietnam, quarterly analyses of trend of energy demand, and the like. The supply of primary energy in the Pacific region increased by 2.3% per year in the period 1980 through 1998. The rate of increase was the lowest with oil, and the highest with hydroelectricity, atomic power, and recoverable energies such as geothermal energy. The Vietnamese Government is promoting its efforts to develop power sources by use of recoverable energies for farm village electrification. Efforts are being earnestly exerted to develop its rich natural gas resources and it is expected that there will be a remarkable achievement in the use of alternative energies due to an increase in natural gas consumption. In the field of data collection, various data were registered with the database. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1978. Studies on a hydrogen energy total system; 1978 nendo suiso energy total system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-03-01

    Analysis was made on timing, patterns and scales of introducing hydrogen energy into the Japan's total energy system, and case studies were made on transfer of the comprehensive systems that can be realized in the years of 1985, 2000 and 2025. The basic conception for the analytic method employed a method to analyze and present theoretically the conditions in which prerequisites or results of the estimation can be established, rather than intending elucidation of the estimation itself. An energy model was used for the theoretical means thereof. The objective function to be optimized was assumed to maximize (estimate over the planned period of time) the total effectiveness of the hydrogen energy system converted into the present value being given appropriate discount. The economic performance measures for different secondary energies working as the comparison measures are the limiting production cost of each energy. A consideration was given to the point that the electrolytic hydrogen cannot compete with that made by using the thermo-chemical method (if developed successfully) using heat from high-temperature gas reactor if the fossil fuel price rises sharply. Considerations are also required in replaceability of hydrogen energy with other energies, and hydrogen utilization in petroleum refining. (NEDO)

  2. Industrial and scientific technology research and development project in fiscal 1997 commissioned by the New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization. Research and development of superconducting materials and transistors (report on overall investigation of superconductive devices); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Chodendo zairyo chodendo soshi no kenkyu kaihatsu (chodendo soshika gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes development of superconducting new function transistors. Fiscal 1997 as the final year of the project advanced improvement in such transistor-using processes as formation and micro-processing of superconducting thin films to show enhancement in characteristics of high-temperature superconducting transistors and possibility of their application utilizing their high speed motions. Furthermore, fundamental technologies were studied with an aim on junction transistors to be applied as circuits. For field effect transistors, evaluation was performed on critical current distribution of step-type particle boundary junction to make it possible to evaluate characteristics of hundreds of transistors. At the same time, a magnetic flux quantum parametron gate with three-layer structure was fabricated to identify its operation. In superconducting-base transistors, strong reflection was recognized on temperature dependence of permittivity of an Nb-doped strontium titanate substrate used for collectors, by which barrier height was reduced. In the junction transistor and circuit technology, isotropic ramp-edge junctions were fabricated, and so was a frequency divider circuit with single magnetic flux quantum mode operation for evaluating high-speed response characteristics. High time resolution current was observed successfully by using a high-temperature superconducting sampler system. 148 refs., 127 figs., 4 tabs.

  3. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-entrusted research and development. Research on hydrogen energy total system; 1981 nendo suiso energy total system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    In this research, studies are conducted relative to the time point, form, and magnitude of the introduction of hydrogen into Japan's total energy system. The research aims to construct a hydrogen energy total system consisting of hydrogen energy subsystems to be available in the future and to clearly define the stage at which transfer to the target system will be carried out. In the research for fiscal 1981, studies continue about the feasibility of hydrogen as automobile and aviation fuels and as a material for use in chemical engineering, about conversion into each other of hydrogen and various synthetic fuels and electric power with which hydrogen will have to compete in the domain into which it will be supplied, and about technologies of their utilization for comparison between such energies in the search for their interchangeability. Surveys are conducted on technical data about local energies. The Yakushima island is chosen, for instance, and a conceptual hydrogen energy base is constructed there and the cost for the construction is estimated. At the last part, the feasibility of the introduction of hydrogen into Japan's energy system in the future is discussed for assessment. (NEDO)

  4. Survey of the development of an energy use rationalization home welfare apparatus system. Report on results of the research under consignment; 1996 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The paper analyzed characteristics of structures of houses considered of aged people, characteristics of use of home welfare apparatus, etc. and investigated/studied energy effective use type home welfare apparatus systems. As to the energy assessment of home welfare apparatus, measurement/evaluation of the energy consumption were conducted in the state of the use according to shapes of life/action of aged people/people needing care in terms of electric-driven bed, care lift, electric-driven wheel chair, etc. Concerning the assessment on energy demand in houses considered of aged people in accordance with regional characteristics, three welfare technohouses were used. In Sapporo, Hokkaido, conducted were evaluation of the present situation of indoor environment and the energy demand, the snow disposal problem at the approach and the energy demand assessment on road heating, etc. In Kamogawa, Chiba prefecture, a research study was made of factors of the increasing energy consumption caused by the use of care apparatus. In Shiga prefecture, an analytical study was carried out of biological effects of the thermal environment in home care houses on aged people, etc. 21 refs., 341 figs., 70 tabs.

  5. Report on FY 2000 project for drawing district energy-saving visions for Village of Satomi; 2000 nendo Satomi-mura chiiki sho energy vision sakutei nado jigy hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The district energy-saving visions are drawn for Village of Satomi, aimed at construction of an energy-saving, resources-recycling type farming village in mountains, friendly to the environments, and the implementation organization is established. The activities include (1) questionnaire survey for energy saving, with the questionnaires sent to the citizens and enterprises, (2) actual situations of energy consumption, (3) setting the hardware and software targets achievable in 5 years, (4) setting the projects for introducing energy-saving facilities, and (5) establishment of the energy-saving spreading committee, and drawing the action programs. Insufficient practices are pointed out, and necessity for the spread/enlightenment activities are clarified. At the same time, it is estimated that the energy consumption can be potentially reduced by 8% in 5 years. It is decided to introduce a co-generation system in the biomass recycling center, systems for photovoltaic power generation and production of hot water by solar heat in the integrated day-care center, and wind power system in Plateau Satomi. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1997 report on the research study for preparation of NEDO`s vision. Biomass energy; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (NEDO vision sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu). Biomass energy ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research study was made on the current usage, technological development and future subjects of biomass energy. The current use of biomass energy over the world estimated to be nearly a billion t/y oil equivalent. This value is estimated to be only a part of a pure primary biomass yield of 73 billion t/y oil equivalent showing a large supply potential. The evaluation result of a biomass energy potential in the world by GLUE (Global Land Use and Energy Model) considering worldwide biomass flow and competition of land use showed that no change of land use form in advanced areas is predicted, and no production of new biomass energy from forests in advancing areas is also expected. Production of biomass energy from farm products is promising in advanced areas, while the potential of biomass residue is high in advancing areas showing the possibility of energy development. Development of new biotechnologies such as molecular control of bio-production functions is expected to increase biomass resources. 76 refs., 26 figs., 30 tabs.

  7. Report on FS survey for project of introduction of highly energy-efficient trolley buses into the Mexico Metropolitan Area in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Mexico city eno sho energy gata trolley bus donyu project FS chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Traffic jam and air pollution by automobiles are currently getting severe in the Mexico Metropolitan Area. Trolley buses were introduced for improving the environment more than ten years ago. Vehicles become too old for use, and their energy efficiency is low. In this project, 200 highly energy-efficient trolley buses are introduced to replace old inefficient trolley buses, which results in the improved traffic convenience in the City and enhanced energy efficiency. The new energy-efficient trolley buses are made of energy-efficient control VVVF inverters produced and exported by MELCO (Mitsubishi Electric Corporation), energy-efficient motors by MELMEX (Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Mexico), and bodies by MASA which is a major manufacturer of bus bodies. The objective of this research is to analyze the background of introduction of new energy-efficient trolley buses and the effects of the present project. The results of analysis are going to be utilized for future promotion of the Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism. 30 refs., 30 figs., 24 tabs.

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on development of wide-area energy utilization network system. Eco-energy urban system (Research of systematization technology and evaluation technology out of energy system designing technology researches); Koiki energy riyo network system kaihatsu (eko energy toshi system) 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Energy system sekkei gijutsu no kenkyu no uchi system ka gijutsu hyoka gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the realization of urban society respecting enhanced energy efficiency and environmental protection, cities and surrounding industrial facilities are investigated for the development of element technologies involving energy recovery, conversion, transportation, storage, delivery, utilization, etc., and for the compounding of urban energy systems. In the study of the effect of introduction, assumption is made of delivery of heat to an urban heat accumulation district from a plant equivalent to a district air-conditioning system which is covered by the existing technologies. Also assumed are the delivery of exhaust heat to the said plant utilizing eco-energy element technologies and the replacement of existing technologies by eco-energy element technologies. Comparison is established in terms of energy efficiency, environmental protection, and economy, and then it is found that the eco-energy element technologies for the utilization of exhaust heat are in all cases superior to the conventional technologies as far as energy efficiency and environmental protection are concerned. It is found, however, that they are inferior from the economic viewpoint. The energy efficiency technology in heat transportation is superior to the existing technology in energy efficiency and environmental protection but roughly equal to the existing ones in economy. (NEDO)

  9. Research report of fiscal 1997. Basic research project on energy saving in developing countries (cooperative research on oil saving / basic research on the industry of Thailand); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo sekiyu shohi koritsuka kyoryoku chosa (Taikoku sangyo kiso chosa hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Field research was made for oil saving in Thailand. To promote energy saving in a textile industry as main export industry, its motivation for production stuff is essential in business improvement. Proposal for work improvement, supply system of bonuses, and small-group activity are effective. Management of an energy consumption rate is essential in business management. Use of efficient waste water treatment equipment is also one of the issues. In food factories, various scopes for improvement are still found by mass/heat balance analysis in production process. As an example, a large amount of water is consumed in vain for washing raw rice in a rice powder factory, and separation of SS precipitate from waste water should be improved. Because of lagoon treatment, an effluent standard is not achieved in spite of consumption of wasteful aeration power. This treatment is reasonable because of its scale and site, although the standard can be achieved by activated sludge method. Reconsideration of the standard is also necessary based on a local total BOD load capacity. The profitability of a methane fermentation method should be examined. 72 figs., 95 tabs.

  10. Application of a Virtual Ovation System to the ShinKori-3 Simulator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hong, Jin Hyuk; Lee, Myeong Soo; Chung, Kyung Hun

    2011-01-01

    The Ovation system for the Shin-Kori Unit 3 Simulator is essentially a non-redundant, repackaged subset of the actual plant I and C equipment, with additional interface computers (SimStations). This system also present in the simulator to provide communication between the plant model computer and the stimulated Ovation equipment. The stimulated Ovation equipment in the simulator system includes Operator HMI (Human- Machine Interface) equipment and Ovation virtual controllers hosted by Virtual Controller Host workstations, which are not present in the actual plant DCS system. The simulator for the Shin-Kori Unit 3 and 4 is being developed by Korea Hydro and Nuclear Power's Central Research Institute (KHNP CRI). One of the features of the simulator is its application of a virtual Ovation system capable of simulated functionalities such as run, freeze, snapshot, backtrack and others required by ANSI/ANS-3.5 in addition to the original functionality for the actual Ovation system applied at the plant. This is the first application of a virtual Ovation system to a full-scope simulator for a nuclear power plant in Korea. The purpose of this paper is to provide the overall architecture of the communication system between the virtual system and the simulator model and to describe the current situation of the development of the system and recent relevant studies

  11. The Life and Works of Han Shin Gwang : a Midwife and Nurse of Korean Modern Times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    YI Ggodme

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Han Shin Gwang, born in an early Christian family in Korea in 1902, could get western education different from the ordinary Korean girls in that period. She participated in the 1919 Samil Independence Movement in her teens, and got nursing and midwifery education in a missionary hospital. She got a midwife license and worked as a member in an early mother-and-child health center. She organized 'Korean Nurses' Association' in 1924 and focused on public health movement as the chairwoman. She actively participated in women's movement organizations, and Gwangjoo Student's Movement. She was known to be a representative of leading working women, and wrote articles on woman's right, the needs and works of nurses and midwives. From late Japanese colonial period, she opened her own clinic and devoted herself to midwifery. After the Korean Liberation in 1945, she began political movement and went in for a senate election. During the Korean War, she founded a shelter for mothers and children in help. After the War, she reopened a midwifery clinic and devoted to the works of Korean Midwives' Association. Han Shin Gwang's life and works belong to the first generation of Korean working women in modern times. She actively participated in women's movement, nurses' and midwives professional movement, Korea liberation movement, and mother-and-child health movement for 60 years. Her life is truly exemplary as one of the first generation of working women in modern Korea, distinguished of devotion and calling.

  12. Survey report on project for drawing district energy-saving visions for Town of Aizu Wakamatsu. Preliminary survey; 2000 nendo Aizu Wakamatsu shi chiiki sho energy vision sakutei nado jigyo (shoki dankai chosa) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    The feasibility study is conducted for introduction of the district energy-saving measures in City of Aizu Wakamatsu, for which the actual situations of energy consumption and promising energy-saving measures are surveyed. The city has a typical basinal weather, cold in winter and very hot and humid in summer, and tends to have a longer air-condition period in a year. It is considered that there are many wasteful energy consumption items to be studied for reduction. In the area of moving means, dependence on public transportation systems is considered to be relatively low, suggesting that there are much space of reducing transportation energy by the measures such as self-imposed control on use of private cars, promotion of utilizing public transportation systems and fuel-saving type driving throughout the city. The promising energy-saving measures studied to verify the effects include introduction of PVM analyzers for establishing better cost/effect relationship between power consumed by air-conditioners and pleasantness; introduction of garbage power generation, co-generation and high-efficiency illuminators; improvement of power-factor; and demand control for air conditioning, rationalization of power-receiving facilities, introduction of systems for saving flushing water and improvement of air conditioners' outdoor facilities. (NEDO)

  13. 1998 Annual Study Report. Surveys on seeds for global environmental technologies, including those for energy saving; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Sho energy nado chikyu kankyo taisaku gijutsu no seeds ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The energy-saving and other global environmental technologies are surveyed by collecting relevant information from various institutes, both abroad and domestic, to contribute to development of ceramic gas turbines. USA has announced a climate change plan, based on the five principles, to promote utilization of high-efficiency technologies and development of new clean technologies. UK is promoting to improve energy efficiency, along with liberalization of its energy markets. Germany concentrates its efforts in the 'Program for Energy Research and Energy Technologies.' France places emphasis on prevention of air pollution and rational use of energy. The R and D trends at public institutes, e.g., universities, for global environmental technologies are surveyed, from which a total of 14 themes are extracted as the seed technologies. At the same time, a total of 9 techniques potentially applicable to the seeds are extracted by mainly reviewing JICST and patent information, and assessed. The R&D trends of the IPCC-related researchers are also surveyed, but provide no theme directly applicable to the seeds. Most of the related themes at the private and public institutes surveyed, both domestic and abroad, are concentrated on carbon dioxide. (NEDO)

  14. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use; 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper analyzes and puts into order the data surveyed and discussed on thirteen Welfare Techno-Houses (WTH) from a comprehensive viewpoint. It summarizes findings contributing to development and structuring of new at-home welfare device systems of effective energy utilization type. The paper first puts into order and discusses the survey and study items available for comparison and discussion, and the survey items with originality found in the surveys of the WTH, with which relatively large number of items were surveyed and studied among the thirteen locations nationwide. Next, the paper attempts comprehensive evaluation on the achievements thereof by the following items: (1) measurement and evaluation on energy consumption of different at-home welfare devices, (2) surveys and studies on energy demand evaluation inside and outside the residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people according to the district characteristics, (3) evaluation on daily, weekly and annual changes in energy consumption in these houses, and (4) design and development of welfare systems of effective energy utilization type for these houses. Furthermore, the paper summarizes the general attributes of the WTHs in different districts, power consumption in these at-home welfare device systems in the WTH and energy consumption of the houses, in the forms available for comparison and discussion. Then, the paper summarizes the achievements of the present surveys and studies on the thirteen WTHs all over the country. (NEDO)

  15. FY 2000 report on the investigational study of the general PR method for spreading clean energy vehicles and letting people know them; 2000 nendo chosa hokokusho. Clean energy jidosha fukyu keihatsu no tameno ippan koho shuho ni kansuru kento chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The details were outlined of the PR event 'Clean Energy Festa' which was carried out for PR activities for spread of new energy and clean energy vehicles. The festa was implemented in Yokote (Akita prefecture), Nagoya, Osaka, Yokohama and Hiroshima. The details of each place were reported in terms of the following: outline of the implementation, map of the place and booths, opening ceremony, management at entrance, dome theater, place for enjoying/relaxing, festival plaza, parking lot, PR related works, etc. In Festa in Yokote, more people gathered than expected. The reasons seem to be: the festa was held in the existing amusement facilities; the show using costumes of popular characters and gifts of the lottery were effective. As to new energy and clean energy vehicles, appeal was made mainly by stamp rally and questionnaire survey. By moving people inside the place, it helped people to have an understanding of clean energy vehicles. Almost the same effects were recognized also in the other places. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1994 report on the survey of making models for introducing petroleum substituting energy systems; 1994 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy system donyu model sakusei ni kansuru chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    In the promotion of measures taken for energy conservation, it is necessary to give local governments, entrepreneurs, etc. appropriate and concrete guidance for introducing energy systems which meet with features of the areas and buildings and courses for how to construct infrastructures of towns or cities in case of development and redevelopment. Recently, also in local governments, etc., there are seen attitudes toward positive study of introduction of energy conservation systems and petroleum substituting energy systems in case of redevelopment, and the situation is that the spread and expansion are expected by giving appropriate guidance for the introduction. Accordingly, the study makes analyses of the trend and characteristics of developmental projects and makes/arranges models of promising petroleum substituting energy systems, aiming at contributing to promotion of guidance for the introduction to local governments, entrepreneurs, etc. Approximately 20 models of petroleum substituting energy systems were made which are thought to be promising. For each, the following were arranged: outline of system, introduction target, introduction effects, the point of promotion of the introduction, related subsidy systems, actual results, etc. 22 figs., 34 tabs.

  17. FY 1998 annual report on the CO{sub 2} reduction by 30 manufacturing companies (plants) through energy conservation. Thailand; Seizogyo 30 sha (kojo) no sho energy ni yoru CO{sub 2} haishutsuryo sakugen 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Taikoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project is aimed at energy-saving diagnosis of 30 energy-intensive manufacturing plants in Thailand, to draw the project plans and clarify, e.g., greenhouse effect gas reduction and cost-effectiveness effects, on the basis of transferring and applying the energy management and energy-saving equipment technologies now being used by the manufacturing sector in Japan. The 30 plants analyzed are 6 metal-related plants, 3 non-ferrous plants, 5 chemical plants, 6 ceramics plant, 4 textile plants, 4 food processing plants and 2 pulp plants. Two or more feasible energy-saving measures are studied for each plant. A total of 178 improvement measures (approximately 6 on the average for each plant) are identified as the ones related to energy-saving and operation controlling techniques. These measures could reduce CO2 emissions by 145,000 t/y from 1,370,000 t/y released from the 30 plants. The measures of high cost-effectiveness are (use of an appropriate pressure for air compressors) and (resting of transformers on non-working days). (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of development and utilization of energy substitutes for oil in the Pacific region; 1999 nendo Taiheiyo chiiki sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu riyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The Pacific region is a densely populated region where economy is developing at a high pace with China and other newly industrialized economies at the core. When energy balance in the region is studied, it is found that China and some others have already turned pure importers of energy and that probabilities are high that, along with development of economy and improvement on living standards, all the nations in the region will become pure importers. Accordingly, in the presence of urgent problems of global pollution and oil resources depletion, it is important to make sure that data particularly about the development of substitute energies for oil in this region be collected and duly dealt with for accurately predicting future developments. In this survey, a database is to be built to grasp the trends of energy supply and demand with attention focused on substitutes for oil which are available at hand. In this fiscal year, data for 1997 were added to the database for analysis into demand and supply of substitutes for oil in the Pacific region, and energy data were gathered for this purpose. Detailed tables of balance were compiled, broken down by energy source. Other detailed tables of balance were also prepared, these broken down by ultimate consumption department. (NEDO)

  19. FY 2000 report on the investigational study of the general PR method for spreading clean energy vehicles and letting people know them; 2000 nendo chosa hokokusho. Clean energy jidosha fukyu keihatsu no tameno ippan koho shuho ni kansuru kento chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The details were outlined of the PR event 'Clean Energy Festa' which was carried out for PR activities for spread of new energy and clean energy vehicles. The festa was implemented in Yokote (Akita prefecture), Nagoya, Osaka, Yokohama and Hiroshima. The details of each place were reported in terms of the following: outline of the implementation, map of the place and booths, opening ceremony, management at entrance, dome theater, place for enjoying/relaxing, festival plaza, parking lot, PR related works, etc. In Festa in Yokote, more people gathered than expected. The reasons seem to be: the festa was held in the existing amusement facilities; the show using costumes of popular characters and gifts of the lottery were effective. As to new energy and clean energy vehicles, appeal was made mainly by stamp rally and questionnaire survey. By moving people inside the place, it helped people to have an understanding of clean energy vehicles. Almost the same effects were recognized also in the other places. (NEDO)

  20. FY 2001 report on the results of the trend survey of introduction of clean energy vehicle for the transport industry; 2001 nendo unso yo clean energy jidosha no donyu doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    Survey/analysis were made on the details of the plan on the leading introduction of clean energy vehicle by 632 transporters who applied for the project on promotion of clean energy vehicle in FY 2001. As a result of the survey, the following were made clear. The clean energy vehicles to be planned to be introduced by transporters are all natural gas vehicles. The transporters planning the leading introduction are mostly in large cities and are spreading also in the periphery. Fifty three percent of the transporters predicts that the predicted average running distance of the clean energy vehicle to be introduced is the same as those of the vehicles they owns, and 39% predicts that it is shorter. About the form of utilization, they use it overwhelmingly for the regional collection/delivery. It is considered that the improvement in running distance per 1 fuel filling of clean energy vehicle will contribute to the spread. Fuel supply stations that the clean energy cars to be introduced use concentrate in the good location. It is necessary to strongly promote preparation of the infrastructure. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1999 survey report on survey of long-term strategy on energy technology. Long-term energy technological strategy survey (Long-term energy technological strategy survey); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa (choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To enhance still more effectively the research and development of energy-related/environmental technologies, research and development strategies have to be worked out from a long-term view point and policy resources such as investment in research and development should be optimally distributed after clarifying and defining the course to follow toward the achievement of research and development goals. This project aims to conduct studies, and to show the course to follow in the future, towards the establishment of a long-term energy technological strategy by investigating energy systems for around 2050, interim energy systems at the intermediate stage, and innovative energy technologies for realizing such energy systems. In Chapter 1, the position of the survey and its purpose and prerequisites are shown. In Chapter 2, the history of social and economic conditions surrounding energy/environmental technologies and of energy situation up to the present time is compiled, and the outlook is analyzed and predicted. In Chapter 3, formulation of a long-term energy technological strategy is discussed. In Chapter 5, how to embody such a strategy is shown. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1999 survey report on long-term energy technological strategies and the like. Long-term energy technological strategy survey (Medium-term energy technological strategy survey); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa (chuki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Energy strategies to be implemented under the New Sunshine Program by around 2010 have been compiled, with nation's industrial technological strategies, long-term energy outlook, and the like taken into consideration. The present survey aims to work out medium-term energy technological strategies. In Chapter 2, by conducting studies on the state of energy strategies in the national industry technological strategies as primarily compiled, long-term energy supply and demand outlook, and the history so far of the New Sunshine Program, and social conditions surrounding energy/environmental technologies and energy conditions are arranged in order and then analyzed with a view to deriving social needs. In Chapter 3, in view of the derived social needs, medium-term energy technological strategies are broken down into strategic target details, based on the important regions and major and minor strategic targets of the national industry technological strategies. In Chapter 4, medium-term energy technological strategies are worked out. In Chapter 5, 'basic ideas,' 'measures for promoting technology development,' 'return of the fruits to society' are mentioned as the methods of realizing the strategies. In Chapter 6, surveys and researches are summarized, and future development is predicted. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1999 survey report on long-term energy technological strategies and the like. Long-term energy technological strategy survey (Medium-term energy technological strategy survey); 1999 nendo choki energy gijutsu senryaku nado ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. Choki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa (chuki energy gijutsu senryaku chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Energy strategies to be implemented under the New Sunshine Program by around 2010 have been compiled, with nation's industrial technological strategies, long-term energy outlook, and the like taken into consideration. The present survey aims to work out medium-term energy technological strategies. In Chapter 2, by conducting studies on the state of energy strategies in the national industry technological strategies as primarily compiled, long-term energy supply and demand outlook, and the history so far of the New Sunshine Program, and social conditions surrounding energy/environmental technologies and energy conditions are arranged in order and then analyzed with a view to deriving social needs. In Chapter 3, in view of the derived social needs, medium-term energy technological strategies are broken down into strategic target details, based on the important regions and major and minor strategic targets of the national industry technological strategies. In Chapter 4, medium-term energy technological strategies are worked out. In Chapter 5, 'basic ideas,' 'measures for promoting technology development,' 'return of the fruits to society' are mentioned as the methods of realizing the strategies. In Chapter 6, surveys and researches are summarized, and future development is predicted. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 research report on the energy consumption survey for popularizing stationary fuel cell systems; 2000 nendo teichiyo nenryo denchi no fukyu wo mokutekito shita energy no shohi ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A survey was conducted about the current state of domestic energy consumption for studying the feasibility of a stationary energy system using the polymer electrolyte fuel cell. A study relative to domestic energy consumption dealt with transition in the energy consumption rate, dependence on locality, and the effect of the makeup of residences. The monthly and hourly patterns of demand for heat for hot-water supply were referred to power consumption data broken down by time zone, and it was found that approximately 1kW output would be suitable for this purpose. A study was made about the pattern of operation that such a fuel cell system should follow, and it was learned that a pattern in which 'the system operates according to the imposed load starting at seven o'clock in the morning when the electricity rate switches to the higher and the output does not exceed what is necessary to meet the daily demand for heat.' This method was found to assure the most efficient way of operation covering more than 80% of the need for hot water and electricity. In a study of consumption of energy for business, feasibility was suggested to exist in the installation of systems of 30kW or less at small hotels, barber shops and beauty parlors, restaurants, schools equipped with minor-scale food service, small hospitals, clinics, and the like. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Basic research on energy status of Anshan Iron and Steel Group Complex; 1999 nendo Anshan koretsu (shudan) koji energy kihon chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The above-named group of manufacturers underwent a survey for its energy status, pursuant to the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol. The manufacturing facilities are smaller than those of Japanese manufacturers and are obsolete in this group of manufacturers which is the second largest iron and steel manufacturing group in China. Although some of the manufacturers operate sintering exhaust heat recovery facilities at their own expenses, the level of heat recovery is far lower than that in Japan. In a feasibility study which was based on data acquired at the site, studies were conducted about ignition burner facility modification and exhaust heat recovery in the sintering process and about top pressure equalizing gas recovery and top pressure recovery turbine power generation in the blast furnace process. Among them, sintering ignition burner modification is high in investment efficiency. As for sintering exhaust heat recovery and top pressure equalizing gas recovery, they are low in investment efficiency and are difficult to hold in the present China where coal exists aplenty and the energy unit is low in price. Since China knows no sudden rise in energy price as Japan did during the oil crises, no enthusiasm is seen in investment in energy saving efforts. Investment for energy saving in production process modification as represented by continuous casting facilities is being made, however, because such has its own various merits which this survey does not deal with. (NEDO)

  6. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Part 2. Survey on the biomass-derived energy conversion technology; 1999 nendo biomass shigen wo genryo to suru energy henkan gijutsu ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Biomass energy is positioned as a promising environment harmonizing energy in the 21st century because it does not break down the CO2 balance in the global scale. The present survey has investigated quantity of biomass resources utilizable as energy resources, investigated and analyzed the biomass-derived energy conversion technology, searched for a promising practically usable technology, and discussed the means to achieve the technological introduction. The foreword chapter describes that now is the good time to recognize importance of and introduce the biomass-derived technology. First and second chapters estimate energy potential and utilizable quantity of wastes-based biomass in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Brazil. Chapter 3 investigates feasibility of methane fermentation and ethanol fermentation as a promising bio-chemical conversion process. Chapter 4 has performed feasibility studies on biomass electric power generation, methanol synthesis by gasification, thermal decomposition and gasification as promising thermo-chemical conversion processes. Chapter 5 proposed a biomass electric power generation system, a biomass-gasified methanol synthesizing system, and a dimethyl ether production system. (NEDO)

  7. Report on an investigational research on energy conservation by a combination system between air compressor and pneumatic equipment in fiscal 1995; 1995 nendo kuki asshukuki to kukiatsu kiki no kumiawase system ni yoru sho energy no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The air compressor which rises pneumatics for actuating pneumatic equipment is very low in energy efficiency also including the power source. Conventionally, at works which use large lots of compressor power, for example, improvements have been made on such as leakage of pneumatics from compressor and pneumatic equipment and piping for power reduction, but the present situation is that processing including compressor and pneumatic compressor through exhaust gas treatment is not regarded as a synthetic system. Therefore, the following problems should be studied: (1) distributed installation of compressors at right place from centralized installation, reduction of pressure loss of piping, etc., and how to use pneumatic equipment and how to improve its performance; (2) energy conservation by lessening gap between compressor pressure and pressure in using pneumatic equipment; (3) energy conservation by improving exhaust gas treatment, etc. This time, an investigational research on these items was systematically conducted to study measures for energy reduction of power source and increase of efficiency. The study was made on making guides such as manuals which becomes effective for energy conservation measures and policies to be guidelines on the development of equipment. 9 refs., 46 figs., 9 tabs.

  8. Worldwide clean energy system technology using hydrogen (WE-NET). Interim report of the research and development in Phase 1; Suiso riyo kokusai clean energy system gijutsu (WE-NET). Daiikki kenkyu kaihatsu chukan seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-01-01

    Large scale and effective utilization of renewable energy including hydroelectric power, photovoltaic power, and wind power which are abundant on the earth can contribute to the solution of global environmental issues as well as the release of energy demand and supply. Hydrogen can be produced from the renewable energy, and is converted, transferred and stored if necessary. Such hydrogen can be used in various fields for power generation, fuel for transport, and city gas. In order to establish the technology by which worldwide energy network can be introduced for wide range of fields, conceptual design of a total system has been conducted, and elemental core technologies have been developed. Conceptual design of a practical scale system (total system) including a wide range from production of hydrogen to its utilization has been conducted, and its constitution has been illustrated. In addition, the energy balance and cost of hydrogen have been calculated and analyzed as a trial. Hydrogen production technology, transport and storage technology, and hydrogen utilization technology are introduced as individual elemental technologies. Research results of innovative and leading technologies obtained in FY 1996 are reviewed. 80 figs., 56 tabs.

  9. Achievement report on surveys and researches in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1980. Surveys and researches on total energy systems; 1980 nendo total energy system ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho yoyaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-06-01

    Identifying the energy demand system as a total system covering from energy generation to the ultimate utilization, a quantitative and theoretical analysis method was developed in achieving selection and development of long-term strategy of Japan for 50 years from about 1975 to about 2025. Development was made on a supply estimation model by using the system dynamics method, that includes international fluctuation factors in primary energy supply structure and time-based relevant elements. Improvements were made in several occasions on the demand estimation model that includes movements of Japan's industrial structures and nation's needs for living, and fluctuation factors of population configuration. Development and improvement were made on the energy flow model to link the supply side with the demand side and analyze the energy flow. In addition, efforts were made on arranging data for inputting these models (data collection, putting them in order, and processing). These models are now in the phase of practical use, and three models have also been nearly completed. Quantitative analysis will be possible if arranging the input database is continued. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1999 research report. Basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs (Basic research on energy efficiency at Novolipetsk Iron and Steel Works); 1999 nendo Novolipetsk seitetsushosho energy kihon chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A survey is conducted about whether energy efficiency improving facilities will be appropriately accommodated by the sintering process, blast furnace process, steelmaking process, and the energy process that consume energy in large quantities at the Novolipetsk Iron and Steel Works which represents Russia's steelmaking plants, which is for scouting out a project to develop into a joint implementation activity in the future. The result shows that the amount of natural gas for domestic power generators in the steelworks or the amount of power to be purchased will be reduced when large-scale exhaust heat recovery facilities are adopted. A study of the energy profile shows that there is no problem to impede the implementation of this program. Regarding the introduction of energy saving measures into the respective processes, the results of investigations conducted into the respective processes are subjected to a macroscopic study. The facilities involved include a sintering cooler exhaust heat recovery facility, hot blast furnace waste heat recovery facility, TRT (power generation by blast furnace top-pressure recovery turbines) facility, and an LDG (basic oxygen gas) recovery facility. Upon adoption of all these facilities, there will be a reduction in green effect gas (CO2) emissions of approximately 410,000 tons/year, for which a total of 20.9-billion yen will have to be invested. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1999 research report. Basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs (Energy efficiency survey at Noboil Refinery of Ufa City); 1999 nendo Ufa shi Noboil seiyusho ni kansuru sho energy chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The aim is to explore projects that will lead to joint implementations for greenhouse gas emission reduction, and a survey was conducted at the Bashneftechim Refineries, Ufa City, Bashkir Republic, Russian Federation. A feasibility study was carried out involving energy efficiency improvement for oil refining related units such as atmospheric and vacuum distillators. In the energy efficiency survey, studies covered energy efficiency improvement in the existing equipment through the modification of the normal and vacuum distillators, visbreaker, vacuum desulfurizer for light oil, and the process heating furnace of the catalytic cracking equipment, for a reduction in fuel consumption by realizing combustion excess air ratio control; the installation of an air preheater or a waste heater boiler for the collection of heat from combustion exhaust gas; the addition of heat exchangers and the optimization of their arrangement for an increase in the amount of heat recoverable from hot oil; the replacement of obsolete instruments and controllers with state-of-the-art types for higher energy efficiency in the control of distillation tower operation, etc. It is desired that this energy saving project will be embodied for a reduction in CO2 emissions. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1997 research report. Basic research project on improving energy consumption efficiency in developing countries (Database construction); 1998 nendo hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa jigyo hokokusho. Database kochiku jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    The New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) in fiscal 1993 started a database construction project, which involves energy conservation related primary information on the 11 countries concerned, for encouraging 11 Asian countries, namely, Japan, China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Taiwan, Korea, Vietnam, Myanmar, and Pakistan, to promote their energy conservation endeavors. As part of the database construction effort under this research project, the so-far accomplished collection of and analysis into energy related information about the countries, surveys of the utilization and popularization of databases, and development of database systems are taken into consideration. On the basis of these efforts to improve on the database systems for enhanced operability, a program is formulated for database diffusion under which data are collected and updated for storage in databases. Also exerted under the program are endeavors to make use of the above-said database systems and to disseminate the constructed databases into the 11 countries for effective utilization. In the future, it is desired that the NEDO database will win popularity in the 11 countries and be utilized in their formulation of domestic energy conservation policies. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey of effects of enhancement of energy consumption efficiency on the global environment; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (energy shohi koritsuka chikyu kankyo eikyo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper surveyed the state of studying the measures against global warming in the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and made analyses of the trends of preventive measures for global warming in other countries, aiming at presenting data for studying the future enhancement of energy consumption efficiency in the Asia Pacific region. In the U.S., a report was taken up from Executive Office of the President which is entitled `the federal government R and D of energy for solution to problems in the 21st century.` The report made analyses of the federal government R and D of energy and at the same time recommended an increase in R and D budget and reinforcement of the organization of the Department of Energy. In Europe, the carbon tax, CO2 tax, energy tax, etc. are introduced or studied for reduction of CO2 emissions. OECD made public a report approved in May 1997 which is entitled `the environmental tax and green tax reform.` Also studied were the introduction and effects of the carbon tax aiming at reducing CO2 emissions in developing countries. More attention is being paid to economic effects predicted in case developed countries reinforce various kinds of measures for targeted reduction of greenhouse gases. 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  14. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use (Shizuoka City); 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa (Shizuoka) saiitaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to achieve rationalization in energy use, surveys and studies were performed on structuring new at-home welfare device systems of effective energy utilization type, based on structural characteristics of residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people, and operation characteristics of at-home welfare device systems. For the 'evaluation of daily, weekly and annual changes in energy use at care-taking sites', measurements were performed on cumulative power during operation standby and momentary power under no load and load in eight care-taking devices such as a care-taking Gatch bed, a motor-driven lift-up cooking table and a home elevator installed in the WTH Shizuoka, by using a house energy measuring device. The measurements verified that large power is consumed during standby operation. In developing the 'at-home welfare device systems that utilize energy more effectively', a solar beam measuring device was used to measure over an extended period of time the power generation amount of a solar beam power generation system installed in the WTH Shizuoka. Evaluation was given on the system as an emergency power supply for an emergency event, and consideration was given on the effectiveness of the system in the Shizuoka district where daily sunlight irradiation lasts long. Development was made on an inexpensive walking training device, on which effectiveness as a waling training device was evaluated by using a position sensor and a force plate. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1997 report on the feasibility survey of Japan`s cooperation into energy/environment related fields in Asian countries; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Asia shokoku ni okeru energy kankyo kanren bun`ya eno kyoryoku kanosei chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A survey was made to study possibilities of Japan`s cooperation in tackling energy/environment problems in Asian countries. In 1995 the GNP growth rate was 2.6% in the world, while it was 7.9% in Asia showing a rapid growth. With the accelerating industrialization and urbanization, energy demand is now over three times as much as that in the 1980s. This means increases in waste and environmental pollution. Especially, the use of firewood in non-electrified areas is a serious problem the same as the slash-and-burn farming and deforestation. Also relating to the production of electric power, it is inevitable to choose hydroelectric power and renewable energy in addition to fossil fuels. Therefore, the necessity is heightening of various technologies for it and environmental protection technologies such as coal cleaning. Local areas, where the population density is extremely low and the electrification cost is high, became victims of elecrification. There the power system should be shifted from the central supply system to the local distributed one. For it, it is necessary to recognize an importance of the distributed type renewable energy which is friendly to the environment. The paper outlined the state of each country and energy by policy and environment. 10 figs., 83 tabs.

  16. Reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Investigation and research on solar energy utilization system (solar thermal power generation system); 1979 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyonetsu hatsuden system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    An investigation and research were conducted on the operation method of various solar thermal power generation systems and on the evaluation of the rating and cost performance; in the environmental test method for the equipment, the examination was continued for the test method and evaluation method concerning the absorbing surface and transmitting film; in the heat storing technology, an investigative research was done on the optimum heat storing method and energy conversion method suitable for the operation of the thermal power generation system, as well as performing, as an objective, a computer simulation on the total system with the purpose of clarifying the heat storing capacity. The results in the year were as follows. The operation method for solar thermal power generation was examined, as were the energy analysis, evaluation method of 1 MW pilot plant, the optimum utilization system of solar energy in the long run including its application, and technological economical problems to be solved for the next large solar thermal power generating plant. A discussion was carried out on the endurance test of the selective absorbing surface and transmitting film and on the durability of the reflection mirror. Evaluation and examination were made on the various materials of the 1 MW pilot plant. A review was done on various heat accumulating devices for solar thermal generation, mathematical thermal characteristics of heat accumulating devices, and future energy storing methods and problems. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 2000 survey report. On-site survey of local state of affairs such as energy efficiency enhancement (Mongolia); 2000 nendo energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa hokokusho. Mongoru

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Information was collected and surveys were conducted in Mongolia in an effort to acquire information necessary for energy related technical cooperation. The results were arranged in four fields which are (1) the current state of economy and the future trend, (2) current state of energy production/consumption and the future trend, (3) current state of power supply/demand and power facilities and the future trend, and (4) the current state of energy efficiency enhancement and the future trend. Mongolia has a population of 2.45 million at a density of 1.57/km{sup 2}, with Ulan Bator the capital inhabited by 0.69-million people. The mean air temperature is -10 degrees C in the period November through March, which makes heating indispensable. Power stations are of the heat and power cogeneration type. Power is supplied by the Eastern, Central, and Western systems, with the Central system producing 80% or more and independent power sources 10%. Its economy has already recovered from the confusion that followed the change of its national constitution. Mongolia's demand for power lingers low, however, and its facilities can produce more electricity than what is now wanted. Energy efficiency enhancing activities should start with the upgrading, reinforcement, and maintenance of the existing facilities and with independent power sources. (NEDO)

  18. Report on survey for environment harmonizing type energy community project for Chubu International Airport. District heat supply facilities using large-scale cogeneration systems; Chubu kokusai kuko kankyo chowagata energy community jigyo chosa hokokusho. Daikibo cogeneration chiiki netsu kyokyu shisetsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The Chubu International Airport is positioned as a hub airport scheduled to start its use in the early part of the 21st century, to which introduction of large-scale cogeneration systems was discussed. Structuring an energy supply system conscious of the 21st century is intended, that is friendly to the environment, is attached with importance on the economy, and has high reliability and safety. The systems have cogeneration capacity from 4,500 to 6,000 kW, and utilize high-pressure waste heat from the cogeneration system as the heat source. The system uses the high pressure waste heat, stored heat, and gas at the same time to achieve high economic performance brought about by heat storage and the best energy source mix, while attempting cascade utilization of the heat. Considerations were given to suppress the environmental and energy load on the district as low as possible for the coexistence with the district, and to build framework and coordination to return the merits to the district. Subsidy introduction also has a great effect to assure the economic performance. The optimal specific construction of the system was found in combining the utilization of energy generated from temperature difference in sea water as a heat source system, the topping system utilizing the high pressure waste heat available in the system, high-efficiency heat pumps, and the heat storing system utilizing electric power available at late night. (NEDO)

  19. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use. (Kobe); 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa (Kobe) saiitaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the Kobe district, studies were performed with the importance placed on energy consumption at care-taking sites. Power consumption of devices used in residential houses of families having physically handicapped and elderly persons has been measured for two to three months, and in addition a questionnaire survey was carried out on operation frequency of welfare devices. Particularly from the power consumption and the use frequency of the devices to keep warm heat environment for physically handicapped and elderly persons, meaningful findings were obtained from the viewpoint of effective energy utilization, summarized as follows: (1) energy consumption of welfare devices used in care-taking sites in homes is small; (2) the power consumption varies greatly depending on methods to keep the warm heat environment; (3) in the case of discussing residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people, the warm heat environment is important, and room cooling and warming devices including air conditioners should be included in the category of welfare devices, (4) a proposal was made on structuring a 'system to match elderly persons' physical conditions' intended to make a warm heat environment most suitable for physically handicapped and elderly persons, and (5) a proposal was made on discussing a 'system combining solar cells with large capacity batteries' of effective energy utilization type. (NEDO)

  20. Survey report on the environment harmonizing type energy community survey project for the coastal area in the Kawasaki ward in fiscal 1998; 1998 nendo Kawasakiku rinkaibu chiiki kankyo chowagata energy community chosa jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In energy utilization in the 'Kawasaki Zero Emission Industrial Complex', optimal regional heat supply systems were discussed. The discussion was made from the viewpoints of introduction of saving-type energies, new energies and renewable energies, and environment preservation performance. The coastal area in the Kawasaki ward is planned of developing an industrial complex with an area of 8.4 ha for operation of about twenty companies. In the assumption of heat demand, four companies only were taken up as the object of the discussion, who utilize heat supply from steam as process heat source for their factories. The total heat demand quantity and heat demand pattern used for the discussion were assumed by hearing and actual record submitted from each company. Optimal systems were discussed on heat supply systems utilizing steam produced by steel mills, with the discussion made on waste heat recovered steam in processes and steam extracted from thermal electric power plants in the steel mills. As a result of the discussion, heat supply utilizing the steel mill steam was found capable of being provided with much lower price level as the estimated unit price than general direct steam supply, leading to a judgement that the system has business feasibility. (NEDO)

  1. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use. (Ube City); 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa (Ube) saiitaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The present study utilizes a Welfare Techno-House to analyze structural characteristics of residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people, and operation characteristics of at-home welfare devices. It is also intended to identify the status of energy consumption, and research and develop energy saving devices. The research and development items for the current fiscal year are as follows: (1) survey on power consumption in at-home welfare devices, and (2) development of at-home welfare device systems utilizing energy more effectively - sub-item a.: studies on leveling of energy use, b.: studies on identification of load applied to riders of power driven wheelchairs when they are operated, c.: studies on next generation housing for elderly and physically handicapped people, d.: surveys on discharged VOC concentration in houses built in warm districts. In item (1), power consumption of air conditioners for room heating in winter was measured to have derived time series data of daily change in the energy consumption. In the sub-item a, discussions were given on system efficiency evaluation on ice heat storing devices and floor cooling devices, and the indoor thermal environment characteristics. In the sub-item b, load applied to riders of power driven wheelchairs when they are operated was experimented for verification. In the sub-item c, surveys were performed on hot heat environment in a greenhouse attached to a residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people. In the sub-item d, measurements were carried out on formaldehyde concentration and VOC in houses newly built in warm and cold districts to discuss preventive measures for indoor air pollution. (NEDO)

  2. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use. (Imaichi City); 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa (Imaichi) saiitaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Evaluations were given on energy demand in residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people based on district features for at-home welfare devices, and on change in energy use at care-taking sites. Surveys and studies were performed on structural characteristics of residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people, and on structuring of at-home welfare device systems. The study items are as follows: (1) identification of the using patterns of the at-home welfare devices, and measurement and evaluation on electric power consumption, (2) measurement and evaluation on household energy consumption, (3) estimation on energy demand in residential houses for elderly people, (4) surveys on hot heat sensitivity, and (5) estimation on allowance for steps in rooms. In Item 1, electric power consumption is measured during standard operation of at-home welfare devices by using power measuring devices in the Welfare Techno-House (WTH) Imaichi. In item 2, a questionnaire survey is performed on the ways of living in elderly people's households and general households. In Item 3, energy demand is estimated in houses for elderly people incorporated with welfare devices, based on the results of Items 1 and 2. In Item 4, measurement and evaluation are made by using experiments on physiological changes in bodies of elderly people in toilet space in the WTH, and on a room heating system giving comfortable feeling. In item 5, discussions are given on air tightness of doors in barrier free sections, and on allowable limit of steps inside rooms. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1997 basic survey project (database construction project) for enhancing energy consumption efficiency in developing countries; 1997 nendo hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa jigyo. Database kochiku jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    NEDO is promoting a database construction project to collect and supply various technical/systematical information on energy related data and energy effective utilization. In FY 1997, about the Philippines, Indonesia and China, the data collected in a year were renewed, and seminar/workshop were held as a part of the promotion activities. About Thailand, Malaysia, Korea, Taiwan and Japan, Japan has independently been collecting the data. Also in FY 1997, Japan arranged the existing data and arranged/collected the data. About Vietnam, India, Myanmer and Pakistan, which became the objects for the project newly in FY 1996, the state of data arrangement was confirmed and the data were collected. Moreover, functional improvement of the system was made so that each country can use the database more easily and maintain the data independently. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1998 research report. Research cooperation on car energy and environmental technology based on ITS technology in China; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Chugoku ni okeru ITS gijutsu wo mochiita jidosha energy kankyo gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This research aims at preparation of the car energy/environmental vision based on ITS (intelligent transport system) technology in China, enhancement of the transport planning ability of Qinghua University, and promotion of effective energy use in China. The following activities were carried out concretely: Survey on the actual traffic situation by Qinghua University, analysis of environment deterioration factors based on the survey result, estimation of a traffic environment improvement effect, study on traffic flow simulation technique based on traffic engineering, and study on traffic planning technique. As the diffusion strategy of ITS along Chinese circumstances, standardization and improvement of a multi- modal traffic system, navigation and its application system, and ETC (electronic toll collection) system are promising. Expectation for Japan and Japanese roles are as follows: Improvement of signal control, provision of information systems such as navigation, discussion on ITS technology such as ETC with Chinese specialists, and feasibility study on introduction of ITS technology for every Chinese district. (NEDO)

  5. Collection of outlines of Sunshine Program achievement reports for fiscal 1989. Solar energy (Light utilizing technology and heat utilizing technology); 1989 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Taiyo energy (hikari riyo gijutsu / netsu riyo gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-04-01

    Collected concerning the research and development of photovoltaic power systems are the basic research on solar cells; research and development of new-type photovoltaic power systems; and research and development of amorphous solar cells. Collected concerning the development of technologies for the practical application of photovoltaic power systems are the research on the practical application of new-type solar cells; research on the practical application of amorphous solar cells; research and development of solar cell evaluation systems; research and development of peripheral technologies; research and development of photovoltaic power-aided systems; research and development of centralized photovoltaic power systems; and research and development of photothermal hybrid photovoltaic power systems. Collected concerning heat application technologies are the research and development of solar thermal energy systems; development of practical application technologies for solar systems for industrial use etc.; and cooperative projects between Japan and Australia etc. on solar energy technologies. (NEDO)

  6. Summarized achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. Research on hydrogen energy total systems; 1979 nendo suiso energy total system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    This paper describes discussions on future possibility of introducing hydrogen, by adding the latest data acquired in fiscal 1979 into a hydrogen energy total system calculation model. The critical cost of hydrogen is higher always than other secondary energies up to about 2030. Since it is a presupposition that hydrogen manufacturing is technologically feasible only by using the electrolytic manufacturing process, the hydrogen cost changes with the critical cost of electric power. Thereafter, if a hydrogen manufacturing process of mixed type utilizing heat from a high temperature gas reactor (HTGR) is introduced, the cost will be reduced. However, introduction of HTGR is governed by the nuclear power plan such as HTGR technology development, rather than simply by the economic performance. Value factors showing qualitative advantage of hydrogen have been assigned to different demand sectors, whereas acceptable economic performance may emerge from this effect from about 2010 in sectors having large value factors (such as 2.8 in aircraft fuels). Hydrogen contribution would be about 2.1% in 2020 and 5.5% in 2030 of the whole energy demand. (NEDO)

  7. Research report of FY 1996 on development of new hydrogen energy demonstration technology. 2. Results in the extension period of FY 1996; 1996 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu (1996 nendo kikan enchobun)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The purpose of this project is to clarify the possibility of new hydrogen energy as a future energy source. The new hydrogen energy is obtained from the excess heat generation phenomenon through the electrolysis of heavy water using palladium metal as an electrode. The excess heat measurements were conducted through the excess heat confirmation tests using a fuel cell-type electrolytic cell up to November 1997. As a result, it was found that the excess heat measured by the calibration method can not be measured by the flow calorimetric method. In order to investigate the possibility of systematic errors of the both methods, the sensitivity, accuracy and responsibility, and the conditions of the excess heat generation, research activities based on new facts from scientific information and fundamental research supporting projects have been mainly performed. Among these, were performed the excess heat measurement tests by the cataphoresis method, absorption tests by the high-pressure and high-temperature charging method, gas plasma loading, in-situ X-ray detection, and reactant detection tests using Au/Pd/PdO heterogeneous structural body. 5 refs., 59 figs., 9 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 1999 research report. Basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs (Basic energy efficiency survey at Russia's Severstal Steelworks); 1999 nendo Russia Severstal seitetsusho sho energy kihon chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the Kyoto Protocol adopted at COP3 (The 3rd Conference of the Parties), a framework was created of international cooperative efforts for greenhouse gas reduction, such as joint implementation with advanced countries and clean development mechanism construction with developing countries. As part of the above-named NEDO-sponsored project, a survey is conducted at the Severstal Steelworks in the effort to explore projects that will lead to joint implementation. It is then found, concerning the feasibility of introducing large waste heat recovery and energy-saving facilities into the steelworks, that there will be sufficient room if natural gas for the domestic power generators installed at two sites in the steelworks is reduced and that in the energy profile no problems are detected that will impede project implementation. Energy efficiency measure introduction feasibility is examined and the results are shown, which involve sintering furnace modification, sintering cooler waste heat recovery, converter exhaust gas recovery, and TRT (top-pressure recovery turbine) installation. In case all these measure are fully implemented, CO2 emissions will be reduced by 370,000 tons/year. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Basic research on introduction of energy saving facilities into Bulgaria's Kremikovtzi Steelworks; 1999 nendo Bulgaria Kremikovtzi seitetsusho no sho energy setsubi donyu kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The plant undergoes a survey for higher energy efficiency, pursuant to the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol. Dry quenching and coal moisture control are investigated for the coke oven; exhaust heat recovery and high efficiency ignition burner for the sintering machine; top pressure recovery power generation and hot stove exhaust heat recovery for blast furnace; gas recovery for the converter; scrap preheating for the electric furnace; continuous casting and soaking pit efficiency improvement for the blooming process; hot charge and heating furnace efficiency improvement for the hot strip mill reheating furnace; and furnace efficiency improvement and hydrogen annealing applicability for the annealing furnace. The energy saving effects of the above are calculated under conditions that one more of the same be added to the continuous slab casting unit and that a continuous bloom casting unit be constructed for the continuous casting of the whole, and that hydrogen annealing be adopted. A reduction of 141,900toe/year is to be achieved, which occupies 6% of the energy consumption of the whole steelworks. A greenhouse gas reduction of 333,600t-CO2/year is feasible. Now that privatization is under way for business reconstruction and rationalization, suggestions will be presented in consideration of the order of priority of investment recovery effects with attention paid to the privation program. (NEDO)

  10. FY 2000 report on the basic survey to promote Joint Implementation, etc. Survey on the energy conservation of the Lianyuan Iron and Steel Group Complex, China; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Lianyuan tekko sho energy chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of conserving energy and reducing greenhouse effect gas emission, a feasibility study was carried out of the installation of energy conservation facilities at the steelworks of Lianyuan Iron and Steel Group Complex, Loudi City, Hunan Province, China. The installation of the following facilities was studied: coke dry quenching (CDQ) equipment, coal moisture control (CMC) equipment, sintering ignition furnace equipment, cooler exhaust heat recovery equipment, top pressure recovery turbine (TRT), and hot stove exhaust heat recovery equipment. As a result of the study, the energy conservation amount was 20,000 toe/y by CDQ, 2,530 toe/y by CMC, 900 toe/y by improvement of ignition furnace in the sintering process, 12,300 toe/y by sintering cooler, 13,200 toe/y by TRT, and 10,300 toe/y by hot stove exhaust heat recovery equipment. Further, the amount of greenhouse effect gas reduction was 61,022 t-CO2/y, 7,843 t-CO2/y, 2,896 t-CO2/y, 38,060 t-CO2/y, 55,295 t-CO2/y, and 40,621 t-CO2/y, respectively. In the estimation of effects vs. expenses, the sintering ignition furnace, sintering cooler exhaust heat recovery, and hot stove exhaust heat recovery indicated the comparatively favorable values. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1999 report. Basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs (Basic research on energy saving at Tehran Oil Refinery); 1999 nendo Tehran seiyusho ni kansuru sho energy chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    An energy saving survey was conducted for the oil refining equipment of the Tehran Oil Refinery, Islamic Republic of Iran, for the prevention of global warming due to greenhouse gas emissions. Examined were an atmospheric pressure distiller, vacuum distiller, vis breaker, naphtha hydrodesulfurizer and naphtha catalytic modifier, light oil vacuum hydrocracker, hydrogen producing unit, asphalt producing unit, boiler facilities, etc., which had all been augmented in 1974. According to the energy saving modification scheme, energy efficiency improvement will be achieved by fully utilizing the existing facilities but not by replacing them all. The outcome of a feasibility study predicts that flue gas O2 control will take approximately a year for completion and main modification programs will take approximately 3-5 years for completion. The total investment required is estimated at approximately 1.5-billion yen, and the sum of fuel to be saved is estimated at approximately 0.6-billion yen/year. As for CO2 reduction, approximately 260-thousand tons/year is expected against the baseline of approximately 1380-thousand tons/year. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1982 on Sunshine Program-entrusted research and development. Research on hydrogen energy total system; 1982 nendo suiso energy total system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1983-03-01

    In this research on a hydrogen energy total system, studies are conducted on the plan of a hydrogen energy proving pilot base and on hydrogen as fuel for automobiles. It is estimated that the construction of a hydrogen energy proving pilot base will cost 7.125-billion yen in total. The sum includes 6.410-billion yen for the construction of a system on an island named Island A, 500-million yen for structures on an island named Island B, and 215-million yen for the construction of a marine transportation system between the two islands. Large shares will go to a hydroelectric power plant and a hydrogen liquefaction system, the two occupying approximately half of the total sum. In the study of hydrogen as fuel for automobiles, it is concluded that hydrogen is advantageously employed as fuel for automobiles. When comparison is made in terms of heat value, it is found that even a hydrogen engine which is a mere modification of a currently used engine is comparable to the currently used engine in terms of performance. As for abnormal combustion, a hydrogen/air 2-system injection method is contrived, and this solves the problem almost completely. Cryogenic hydrogen is advantageous in both NOx emission and heat efficiency though within certain limitations. From the viewpoint of safety, the recommended automobile fuel structural formula is GH{sub 2}(MH). (NEDO)

  13. Survey report for fiscal 1998. Joint research project with researchers related to petroleum substituting energies in the EU countries; 1998 nendo EU shokoku no sekiyu daitai energy kanren kenkyusha tono kyodo kenkyu jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    It was intended to invite researchers related to petroleum substituting energies from the EU countries to perform joint researches at research organizations under the auspices of the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology having deep relations with research themes of the invited researchers, to deepen the mutual understanding, and to form efficient cooperative relationship. The intention is also to contribute to research and development of petroleum substituting energies to be used in Japan in the future. The research themes, researchers, their research organizations, and the receiving research organizations are as follows: (1) evaluation of reservoir impedance in high-temperature rock experimental fields by Mr. Ralph Weidler (Germany) at Ruhr University received by the Resource and Environmental Technology Research Institute; (2) changing the particle boundary structure of ceramics by using the alkoxide process by Dr. Ramon Torrecillas (Spain) at Institute Nacional del Carbon received by the Nagoya Industrial Technology Research Institute; (3) research on corrosion in metallic materials for molten carbonate type fuel cells by Dr. Giuseppe Calogero (Italy) at Institute for Transformation and Storage of Energy received by the Osaka Industrial Technology Research Institute; and (4) estimation of behavior of deep geothermal reservoirs with high enthalpy by Dr. Enrico Maranini at Universita' Di Ferrara received by the Geology Survey Center. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Survey consigned to NEDO of the development of energy use rationalization home welfare equipment systems; 1997 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa. Itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of constructing new home welfare equipment systems of an energy effective use type, an investigational analysis was conducted of characteristics of the structure of houses considered of aged people, characteristics of the use of home welfare equipment, etc. As to the subject on space warming/cooling, it was found that the hour of stay-at-home of the aged tends to be longer, and the hour to be required for warming/cooling is longer, that the aged gradually lose senses regarding the peripheral environmental temperature, and the temperature to be considered should be at warmer/cooler levels, and that they are weak in heat shock, and the space of house where the temperature is uneven should be removed. Further, from the study in each welfare techno-house, possibilities were pointed out of further energy conservation in houses considered of the aged and home welfare equipment systems like the weight reduction of home welfare equipment systems and reduction of stand-by power, high air-tightness/high thermal insulation of houses for the aged, use of waste heat from air conditioners, introduction of solar energy to stand-by power and electrically-driven wheel chairs. 257 figs., 89 tabs.

  15. FY 1994 Report on the results of the joint research project for optimum introduction of development of fuel cell technologies for urban energy centers; 1994 nendo toshi energy center nado nenryo denchi gijutsu kaihatsu saiteki donyu chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    Described herein are the FY 1994 results of the joint research project for optimum introduction of development of fuel cell technologies for urban energy centers or the like. The necessary economic conditions for introduction of a fuel cell system to be competitive with the conventional system which individually supplies electric power and heat are 250,000 yen/kW as the construction unit cost, 0.10m{sup 2}/kW as the installation area, 5 years as the cell body life, use of an inexpensive fuel gas (2 to 6 yen/Mcal). Moreover, it is an indoor system which shall have the operational characteristics to follow daily demand fluctuations while operating under the optimum conditions in the urban redevelopment area considered. A 5,000kW-class fuel cell plant burning fuel gas (2 yen/Mcal) will need a total floor area of approximately 400,000 m{sup 2} in an energy-intensive office type demand area. These conditions shall be met in order to economically introduce the 5,000kW-class plant. It is also necessary to compare the plant with the competitive cogeneration plants. The specifications for the prototype now under consideration are sufficient for the energy-saving effect, and it is premised that these specifications and characteristics are secured. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey of leading countries' approaches to biomass energy development; 1999 nendo shuyokoku ni okeru biomass energy kaihatsu eno torikumi ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The survey aims to help Japan deliberate its future biomass energy development strategy including the course Japan is to follow in its research and development of biomass energy by clarifying leading countries' approaches to the subject matter and trends of their research and development efforts in this connection. The states of biomass energy development in the U.S. and Europe are reported. In the U.S., President Clinton issued Executive Order 13134 on August 12, 1999, regarding bio-based products and bioenergy development. In this country, bioenergy and bio-based production technologies have developed to reach a stage where business pays, and commercial plants are in service. The U.S. Administration mentions as a strategy the efficient development of the bioenergy industry. In Europe, where resources are versatile and local, it is difficult to assess the economy of scale, and small-scale development efforts are being accumulated. Practical technologies under development mostly involve direct combustion. European measures are similar to U.S. measures in that such political goals as local development and employment promotion are firmly woven into them. (NEDO)

  17. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1980. Research on a hydrogen energy total system; 1980 nendo suiso energy total system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    This paper describes research on a hydrogen energy total system. Fiscal 1980 has surveyed R/D technologies in the sectors anticipated to have large possibility of introducing hydrogen in Japan's energy systems in the future (ammonia/methanol industries, automobiles and aircraft fuel), and discussed the possibility of the introduction. The value factors (VF) applied to them are 1.7 for the ammonia industry, 1.1 to 1.6 for the methanol industry, 1.4 for gasoline as automobile and jet fuel, and 2.8 for jet fuel. Whether hydrogen would be introduced in all of these sectors depends on conditions of introducing hydrogen utilizing HTGR heat, and the VF of hydrogen against competing energies. Therefore, case studies were performed by using these factors as the parameters. If the VF is fixed and HTGR introduction speed is accelerated, introduction of hydrogen will be accelerated in the fields of chemical materials, air conditioning and process heat. On the other hand, the introduction will decrease in the automobile and aircraft fuel fields. If the methanol VF is made smaller, hydrogen introduction will be decelerated in the chemical industry field (methanol), and that in the air conditioning, automobiles and aircraft fuel fields will be accelerated. (NEDO)

  18. Research report of FY 1996 on development of new hydrogen energy demonstration technology. 1. FY 1996 results; 1996 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu (1996 nendo jisshibun)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The purpose of this project is to clarify the possibility of new hydrogen energy as a future energy source. The new hydrogen energy is obtained from the excess heat generation phenomenon through the electrolysis of heavy water using palladium metal as an electrode. The excess heat regeneration tests have been successively conducted using two kinds of electrolytic cells. As a result, the excess heat generation measured by one electrolytic cell in FY 1996 has been confirmed in about 35% of repeatability under the same condition. On the other hand, the excess heat over the measuring accuracy was not measured using two kinds of absolute heating value measuring systems. The electrolytic cell, by which the excess heat was measured, was used for confirming the absolute heating value as keeping its condition. When tests were conducted using the developed system, it was found that the absolute heating value can not be detected. Then, verification tests are currently conducted for determining the cause. Moreover, in order to clarify the basic characteristics of materials required for the regeneration of the excess heat generation phenomenon, observation and analysis of the materials were performed before and after the excess heat measurement. Thus, the cause of difference was revealed. 3 refs., 98 figs., 24 tabs.

  19. Interim report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system by the evaluation working group; Super heat pump energy shuseki system hyoka work group chukan hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    The evaluation working group of the Large-scale Energy-saving Technology Research and Development Promotion Council has made an interim evaluation of the results obtained so far by the R and D project for the super heat pump energy accumulation systems. The working group evaluates the bench plant operation test results comprehensively, covering technical, economic and social aspects, and R and D promotion methodology. The working group has concluded that a significant technological break-through is made for the super high performance compression heat pumps, and the technological groundwork is now established for the future pilot system. For the chemical heat storage technologies, it is concluded that system feasibility is demonstrated, and the technological groundwork for the future development is established. The super heat pump is evaluated to potentially realize significant economic superiority over the conventional devices both in the domestic and industrial areas, and to be highly rated potentially in the areas of energy-saving, power load leveling and environmental preservation. (NEDO)

  20. Analysis of Hydrogen Concentration Distribution during an SBO Accident for Shin-Ulchin APR1400

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Jongtae; Hong, Seong Wan [Korea Atomic energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-15

    To prohibit the accumulation of hydrogen, the containment volume is considered to reduce the hydrogen concentration, or hydrogen mitigation devices such as PARs or igniters are installed in the containment. In the case of the Fukushima NPPs, the applied strategy for the hydrogen safety is the use of a containment venting system (CVS). In this way, the hydrogen accumulated in the containment vessel is vented into the environment. One of the causes of the hydrogen explosions occurring in the containment buildings of the Fukushima NPPs is expected to be the failure of the venting system. The hydrogen was therefore easily accumulated in the containment building. It is uncertain what the ignition source for the hydrogen combustion was during the accident. However, it is not too conservative to assume that an ignition source exists at any time and any place in a containment during a core-melt accident. Shin-Ulchin 1 and 2, which are construction plants of an APR 1400, are two of the newest NPPs in Korea. They have many features to enhance the safety margin during a design-based and beyond-design-based accident. One of them is the in-containment refueling water storage tank (IRWST) located inside the containment. It is used as a sink/source for feed-bleed operation. When the core is damaged along an accident progression, the hydrogen generated in the RPV can be released into the IRWST of the APR1400 with steam and water. From a previous study, it was found that a highly concentrated hydrogen/air mixture can be developed if the hydrogen is released into the IRWST. In the case of Shin-Ulchin 1 and 2, the hydrogen mitigation strategy during a high-pressure accident such as a station blackout (SBO) is changed by installing a 3-way valve. When a severe accident management (SAM) for the plant is initiated, the flow path from a pressurizer to the IRWST is changed into a steam-generator (S/G) compartment by turning the 3-wat valve actively (pilot operated). By doing so, it is

  1. Report on the site surveys in fiscal 1999 on the regional situations such as energy consumption efficiency improvement. The north-western part of China; 1999 nendo energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa hokokusho. Chugoku seihokubu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper reports the site surveys in fiscal 1999 on the energy consumption efficiency improvement in the north-western part of China. Although blessed with affluent natural resources, the regional development is delayed because of geographical restrictions and harsh climate conditions. Power generation facilities include hydroelectric power plants with output of 7.81 million kW, thermal power plants with 13.89 million kW, and power wind power plants with 70 thousand kW. The demand is estimated to increase by 4.6% annually in average. Thermal power plants are those made by the former Soviet Union, having poor power generation efficiency, which is scheduled to be improved by facility modification. Automation is also behind the times. These situations have brought about low reliability, delay in building electric power network in agricultural districts, and transmission wire loss (reducing 8.1% loss to 6% is planned). The electric power charge systems also have various problems. Environmental measures are also an issue. Dissolution of energy shortage as a result of developing the north-western area can be said a key to the future development of China. Xinjiang Electric Power Company is considering wind power generation as the center of new energy utilization. Representative facilities utilize affluent wind power available in the topography of the Tenzan mountain range in the suburb of Urumqi, the facilities being made of Denmark. Photovoltaic power generation is exiguous in realizability for the time being in terms of cost. Expectation is placed on fuel cells. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1999 report on basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs. Research on energy saving at Ilyich Iron and Steel Works, Mariupol City, the Ukraine; 1999 nendo Ukraine Mariupol shi Ilyich seitetsusho sho energy chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This is to comply with the COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) protocol. For the recovery of exhaust heat from the air blast furnace air heater, combustion control will be improved and an exhaust heat recovery facility will be installed. For the recovery of converter-generated gas, the casting process in the open hearth will be changed to a continuous casting process in the converter, and a generated gas recovery facility will be installed. The power plant facilities will be improved. It is expected that these three jobs will reduce greenhouse gases at 178, 583, and 602-thousand tons/year in terms of CO2, respectively, and energy consumption at 826, 8954, and 8152 TJ/year (13% level reduction), respectively. Time periods required for the recovery of the investments will be 31.2, 8.7, and 7.2 years, respectively, and this means that the investments will not be so profitable. As for cost performance, however, they will save energy at 262, 208, and 420 GJ/year/million yen, respectively, and reduce greenhouse gases at 56.4, 13.5, and 31.0 tons/year/million yen in terms of CO2, respectively, and this means that the three jobs will achieve high cost performance. Some more jobs are found to probably contribute to energy efficiency enhancement and cost performance improvement, which include a top pressure recovery turbine, pulverized coal injection, continuous casting in the steelmaking process, improvement in the yield of slabs in the rolling process, and a hot charger. (NEDO)

  3. Report on SPEC '94-Fall (Symposium on Pacific Energy Cooperation '94-Fall). How to promote international cooperation over energy supply, energy conservation, and environmental protection; Taiheiyo energy kyoryoku kaigi '94 aki hokokusho. Energy kyokyu, sho energy, kankyo ni kansuru kokusai kyoryoku no susumekata

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-10-17

    At the symposium named above, there were Keynote Address 1 (Recent energy development in China and its impact on Asia-Pacific region), Keynote Address 2 (Japan's attitude toward energy policy, concrete measures, and contents), Plenary Session 1 (Development of resources for energy supply assurance in Pacific region), Plenary Session 2 (Promotion of atomic power generation to substitute for fossil fuels), Plenary Session 3 (Removal of factors impeding enhancement of energy efficiency and international cooperation), and Plenary Session 4 (Removal of factors impeding promotion of environmental measures and international cooperation). Important points are mentioned below. The 1st point is that it is necessary to discuss what is the optimum price. The 2nd point is that the role of the government is important. The 3rd point is that importance should be attached to competition on the market. The 4th point relates to the importance of atomic power generation. For the promotion of the introduction of atomic power generation, it is indispensable for interested countries to cooperate with each other through for example exchanging information to win public acceptance in the respective countries and for them to enhance technology transfer. The 5th point relates to the importance of international cooperation. (NEDO)

  4. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Efficiency improvement and energy conservation at Uong Bi power plant; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Uong Bi hatsudensho no koritsuka to sho energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Discussions have been given on energy conservation, and reduction in greenhouse gas emission through efficiency improvement at the Uong Bi coal burning power plant in Vietnam. The Uong Bi power plant, which has become using coal of lower quality than the design value, has had incomplete combustion, resulting in increase of unburned components in ash, and decrease of the boiler efficiency to 65 to 70%. Clinker hopper troubles have been occurring frequently, causing plant shutdown at a number of times. The turbine efficiency also shows as very low value as 26 to 27%. The plan has envisaged replacement of combustion parts of the boilers, withdrawal and replacement of the turbine generation systems, new installation of electric dust collectors, modification of the ash treatment system, additional installation of the re-circulation system, new installation of waste water treatment facilities, and modification of the waste water treatment equipment in the plant premises. As a result of the discussions, the annual energy saving quantity was found to be 62,936 tons of crude oil equivalent for the case where only one turbine is renewed, and 93,298 tons for the case where both of the two turbines are renewed. The annual reduction quantity of the greenhouse gas emission was found to be 251,215 tons and 372,402 t-CO2, respectively. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 report on result of R and D on robot system cooperating and coexisting with human beings. Development of energy conservation technology; 2000 nendo ningen kyocho kyozongata robot system kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    Introduction of a number of robots and consumption of a large amount of energy are unavoidable if a complicated process operation is to be carried out by robots in an extensive work site. Great energy conservation is contrived by developing robots applicable to manufacturing in performing a variety of operations in place of human beings and thereby reducing the number of robots to work. This paper explains the fiscal 2000 results. For dual-handed cooperative tasks, a function was examined capable of gripping an object without giving a humanoid robot an instruction of an exact gripping position. A method was designed to prepare a command for the other arm through a command for one arm, with torque impedance control employed for the purpose of avoiding damage due to collision. A study was conducted on a three-dimensional shape detecting model using a visual device of a robot. In grasping problems of balance control of a humanoid robot, the behavior of a robot consisting of multi-links was considered as behavior of inverted pendulum, with possibility checked for the stabilization of the balance. For the purpose of putting the virtual robot platform previously developed to practical use, a three-dimensional operation tool of run-time user interface was developed, with research conducted on the sophistication of robot application. (NEDO)

  6. Report on the joint research on the technology development of energy use reduction gas diffusion electrode salt electrolysis; Kyodo kenkyu energy shiyo gorika gas kakusan denkyoku shokuen denkai gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of energy conservation in the 'soda industry' which is an energy multi-consumption industry, study was made of the commercialization applying 'gas diffusion electrode' which is used for fuel cells, and the FY 2000 results were summed up. As to the development of production technology of gas diffusion electrode, conditional studies were conducted of the material production process, grinding process, mixing machine, filling, coating process, hot press process, etc. Concerning the evaluation of durability of the gas diffusion electrode, analysis of long-term operation electrode was conducted, and a lot of information on the degradation mechanism was obtained. In the degraded electrode, wetting of gas diffusion layer is going on, which is thought to directly cause the degradation. It is supposed that between the stable electrode and the degraded electrode, there are no changes in diameter of carbon powder and there is no carbon consumption. As to the verification test using the practical scale electrolytic cell, a trial operation started in February 2001. About the electrolytic performance, the electrolytic voltage is appropriately 2.2V, keeping the stable numerical value. The comparatively favorable performance is being maintained. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1977 Annual report on Sunshine Project results. Survey and research on systems utilizing solar energy (Solar thermal power generation systems); 1977 nendo taiyo energy riyo system chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Taiyo netsu hatsuden system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-03-31

    This project is aimed at surveys and researches on operation, economic efficiency and performance evaluation of solar thermal power generation systems, and test methods, e.g., for aging the materials for their devices, in order to establish the methods for evaluating their performance. For operation of solar thermal power generation systems, a feasible system is a hybrid with another system, e.g., thermal power or nuclear system. For economic efficiency, heat-storage capacity will be based on power generation for around 4 hours a day for a solar system to be installed in Japan. The construction and light/heat-collecting costs should be reduced to around 300,000 yen/kW and 13,000 to 21,000 yen/m{sup 2}, respectively, in order to keep the power generation cost at around 23 yen/kWH. The energy analysis of solar thermal power generation, based on the data given by the industrial correlation tables, indicates that the total energy required for construction of the system can be recovered in 2 to 3 years. Also outlined are construction of a 1MW pilot plant and its facilities, and designs of the pilot plants with a curved surface or tower type light collector. A total of 12 types of reflection mirrors are screened for establishing the air-exposure testing methods. Methods for treating back surface edges of the reflection mirrors are also investigated. (NEDO)

  8. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use. (Chofu City); 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa (Chofu) saiitaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper describes investigative studies on a new at-home welfare devices. Section 2 of the document, 'Studies on electric power conservation considering living patterns of elderly and physically handicapped persons' describes verification experiments in ferro-concrete buildings and ordinary homes by using a prototype system structured in last fiscal year. Qualitative analysis was performed based on the result thereof. In the 'Surveys on working environments for elderly people', directionality was presented in improving labor environments for the elderly people. Section 3, 'Studies on emergency evacuation devices for physically handicapped and elderly people' discovered that many of the presently available evacuation devices are intended of use mainly by handicap-free people, and there are many aspects that are difficult to say that elderly and physically handicapped people are included in the field of vision. In the 'Studies on an at-home training supporting system to maintain movement functions of the legs of elderly people', design and fabrication were performed on a prototype of an external control device operated by the legs. The 'Surveys on energy demand for at-home welfare devices for elderly people', showed how much the growth of the number of utilized devices will link to the cause to push up the energy demand in the household department in Japan. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey on use of reproducible energy in Oceania and on feasibility of future introduction; Oseania ni okeru saisei kano energy riyo jokyo to kongo no kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Survey was conducted on the actual state and the potentiality of reusable energy (RE) in the South Pacific nations. The countries to be surveyed were Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, the Fiji, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the Republic of Nauru. The subject RE are photovoltaic power (PV), solar heat, wind force, biomass, hydraulic power and geotherm. The survey items were as follows; RE policy and promotion programs, technical level of makers, RE supply areas and population for independent/linking type electric power systems, population of non-electrification areas, meteorological data, foreign investment policy, feasibility for introduction if RE not yet introduced, and potential of promotion if RE already introduced. Propositions are as follows. Australia and New Zealand, having a comparatively large population and a stable government, are the two most important markets for RE technologies. The South Pacific nations have a markedly small population, providing a limited market for RE systems. Papua New Guinea, being a country possessing natural gas resources, has a chance of developing photovoltaic and fossil energy hybrid systems. The Fiji shows possibility for hydraulic, wind force and biomass power generation. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1993 investigational report on the strengthening of the resource/energy industrial basis of CIS Central Asia (the Republic of Kazakhstan); 1993 nendo CIS Chuo Asia (Kazafusutan kyowakoku) no shigen energy sangyo kiban ky