WorldWideScience

Sample records for hokokusho genshi bunshi

  1. FY 1998 annual summary report on manipulation of atomic and molecular extremes. Development of technologies for high-efficiency analysis/manipulation of DNA and the like; 1998 nendo genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. DNA nado kokoritsu kaiseki sosa gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The objectives are set to establish the techniques for observation/manipulation of atoms and molecules, as the common basic techniques for various industrial areas, e.g., new materials, electronics, biotechnology and chemical. Development of atomic field and scanning tunneling microscopes working under extreme conditions has been pursued, in order to manipulate complex systems, such as living body. For identification of molecular species, laser-excited fluorescence is combined with scanning mechanical probing to further refine the single molecule detection/identification techniques, and the objectives are set to develop a new method for evaluating molecules in a living body using a scanning probe microscope, and also to develop a novel scanning probe microscope for molecules in a living body. The other efforts were directed to R and D of the techniques for observing structures of organic molecules and the like through the measurements of adsorption process of organic molecules and clusters on semiconductor substrates and their surface reactions, and precision measurements of vibrational conditions of adsorbed molecular species reacting in the solid-liquid interfaces by high-sensitivity Raman spectroscopy to elucidate the catalysis mechanisms at the molecular level. (NEDO)

  2. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of ultimate atom/molecule manipulating technologies (Development of technology for formation of advanced function materials for use under power generation environment); 1998 nendo genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Hatsuden kankyoyo kokino sozai keisei gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The aim is to establish atom/molecule observing and manipulating technologies commonly applicable as basic technologies to industrial fields of new materials, electronics, biotechnology, chemistry, etc. The technologies to be established involve atom level observation and manipulation by mechanically probing into organic molecules such as those of solid surface DNA, microstructure formation with atoms arbitrarily arranged by use of a microfine electron beam and surface chemical properties, simulation by the first principle calculation for the theoretical prediction atom/mole surface application in a process, and new materials to replace semiconductors. The subjects of research and development selected for this fiscal year are the study of silicon nanostructure formation and physical properties, study of nanostructure formation technology based on cluster manipulation, study of nanostructure formation processes using chemical reaction control and local structure analysis, study of new properties of correlation-intensive electron based new materials, study of spin measuring technology, and the study of theoretical analysis of atom/molecule dynamic processes. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1997 R an D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (high-efficiency and analysis and manipulation technology for DNA); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (DNA nado kokoritsu kaiseki sosa gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). Through the observation of super spiral DNA fixed on a spermin or spermidine treated mica substrate by AFM (atomic force microscope), fixation of DNA without any deformation in solution was clarified, and visualization of the spiral structure of DNA were successfully achieved. Manipulation of Xe atoms adsorbed on an Si(111) surface was certainly possible by using STM (scanning tunneling microscope)/atom probe equipment. A nucleation mechanism in crystal growth was studied for various organic source-molecules/GaAs(001) surface systems, and formation of high-density nuclei on the GaAs surface was achieved by accelerating the translational energy of Ga material molecules up to 6eV or more. Ziegler- Natta catalysis important for industrial polymerization of olefin molecules was precisely analyzed by first-principle dynamic simulation. A large-scale simulation of zeolite catalyst is also in promotion for methanol to gasoline conversion. 51 refs., 87 figs., 7 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 1997 R and D project on industrial science and technology under a consignment from NEDO. R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (R and D of the formation of advanced materials for power generation environment); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Genshi bunshi kyokugen sosa gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (hatsuden kankyoyo kokino sozai keisei gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper describes R and D of the ultimate manipulation technology of atoms and molecules (atom technology). Ten nanoscale Ge islands were successfully formed in proper positions on an Si substrate surface by using mask technology of nanoscale atomic layers. Growth of less-defect ZnSe films on a GaAs(110) surface was possible under various conditions. The magnetic transfer mechanism of Mn oxide with huge reluctance was clarified. Through study on selective-area deposition of Si on plasma-oxidized ultrathin SiO2 mask layers patterned by direct electron-beam exposure and an idea of SiO2/SiNx bilayer mask, direct use of the ultrathin mask layer as insulating layer in device structure was achieved. The superior property as electron beam resist of methano- fullerene composed of fullerene C60 with side chains including oxygen was clarified. The initial oxidation process of an Si(100) surface was analyzed, and the observation result by SREM was theoretically explained. Development of a high-resolution spin polarization electron microscope was also mentioned. 48 refs., 145 figs., 20 tabs.

  5. Fiscal 1997 project on the R and D of industrial scientific technology under consignment form NEDO. Report on the results of the R and D of technologies to invent original high-functional materials (technical development of structure control materials / R and D of molecular harmonized materials); 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (kozo seigyo zairyo gijutsu kaihatsu) bunshi kyocho zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    By establishing microtechnology using molecular-level bottoming-up (molecular harmonization) by imitating the system of living organism, the paper described the R and D of molecular harmonized materials aiming at developing high-functional/high-performance materials such as high-performance catalyst, photo-information functional materials and sensing materials. Under consignment from NEDO, Japan Chemical innovation Institute started the 5-year plan in fiscal 1997. Self-assembled molecular films, in which organic molecules are orderly arranged by self-assembly, aim at developing new memory/optical/sensing materials. Mesophase materials which are such materials as liquid crystal showing the intermediate state between solid and liquid, develop optical/photoconductive materials using precise molecular orientation controllability. Macroporous materials are such substances as zeolite having molecular size micro pores. The paper aims at establishment of synthesis techniques of them and development of high-performance catalyst, etc. using them. In the comprehensive investigational research, conducted was a survey of the trend overseas in addition to a study of subjects in question. Further, the supporting basic study was reconsigned to universities, etc. 57 refs., 62 figs., 17 tabs.

  6. Research on harmonized molecular materials; Bunshi kyocho zairyo ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Harmonized molecular materials (HMM) were researched to create functional materials adaptable to needs such as environmental harmony and high-efficient conversion in post-industrial society and aging society. Superior mechanisms function efficiently in organisms for perception, transmission and processing of information, and transport and conversion of substances. These functions are caused by harmonization between organic molecules, or organic molecule and metal or inorganic substance. HMM is a key substance to realize these functions similar to those of organisms artificially. It is the purpose of this research to develop HMMs, reform production process by innovating separation and conversion technologies, and finally realize molecular chemical plants. This research also develops high-efficient devices to contribute to the information society, and progresses the industry of bio-functional materials such as high-sensitive bio-sensor. The functions, applications and creation technologies of three kinds of HMM such as assembly, mesophase and microporous materials were researched in fiscal 1995. 956 refs., 128 figs., 13 tabs.

  7. Research study on harmonized molecular materials (HMM); Bunshi kyocho zairyo ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    As functional material to satisfy various needs for environmental harmonization and efficient conversion for information-oriented and aging societies, HMM were surveyed. Living bodies effectively carry out transmission/processing of information, and transport/conversion of substances, and these functions are based on harmonization between organic molecules, and between those and metal or inorganic ones. HMM is a key substance to artificially realize these bio-related functions. Its R & D aims at (1) Making a breakthrough in production process based on innovation of material separation/conversion technology, (2) Contribution to an information-oriented society by high-efficiency devices, and (3) Growth of a functional bio-material industry. HMM is classified into three categories: (1) Assembly materials such as organic ultra-thin films (LB film, self-organizing film), and organic/inorganic hybrid materials for optoelectronics, sensors and devices, (2) Mesophase materials such as functional separation membrane and photo-conductive material, and (3) Microporous materials such as synthetic catalyst using guest/host materials. 571 refs., 88 figs., 21 tabs.

  8. Future of quantum chemistry and molecular design. Ryoshi kagaku to bunshi sekkei no shorai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kashiwagi, H. (Kyushu Institute of Technology, Kitakyushu (Japan))

    1992-07-20

    This paper describes a quantum chemistry approach to organism molecules being made possible from advancing electronic computers. The results of studies at the Molecular Chemistry Research Institute are presented, that have pursued out-of-plane movements of iron ions in hemoglobin's oxygen adsorption and desorption using the molecule orbital theory. Iron ions of dioxiheme not attached with oxygen molecules belong to a group with the smallest curvature and are in a state easily drawn out of the plane. When attached with oxygen, the iron ions change to a group with the largest curvature, becoming difficult to exit out of the plane. These facts revealed that the molecule called heme plays a role of translational motor in a micromachine, from which designing a micromachine in nanometer orders can be expected. The Kyushu Institute of Technology has introduced a network system for education and research of life science, and completed arranging an environment that enables executing numerical simulation of living organism systems, and homology analyses of protein and nucleic acid. 5 refs., 8 figs.

  9. Ab initio calculations for a relationship between impact sensitivity and molecular structure in HMX polymorphs. HMX kessho takei no shogeki kando to bunshi kozo tono sokan ni kansuru hi keikenteki bunshi kidoho ni yoru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kono, Y.; Tsuchioka, T.; Hashizume, T. (Chugoku Kayaku Co. Ltd., Hiroshima (Japan)); Azuma, N. (Ehime Univ., Ehime (Japan). Faculty of General Education); Maekawa, K.; Imamura, A. (Hiroshima Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Science)

    1992-10-31

    HMX, nitramine-based high performance explosive, is a ring nitramine compound called chemically octahydro-1,3,5,7-tetranitro-1,3,5,7-tetrazocine, and has 4 kinds of crystal polymorphs, [alpha], [beta], [gamma] and [delta]. Values of impact sensitivity of these four crystal polymorphs are different each other and the most stable [beta] is being produced. In this paper, ab initio [beta] calculations (STO-3G) based on the molecular structure in the crystal have been conducted on all of the above HMX crystal polymorphs and the X-ray structural analysis has also been done on the molecular structure of [beta]. As a result, 0.032 has been obtained as the ultimate R index for 734 independent reflections. Concerning the crystal, it is single crystal, its space group is P2[sub 1] /n, and its lattice constants are [alpha] = 6.5347(4), b=11.0296(6),c=7.3549(5), [angstrom] [beta] =102.689(5) [degree], and Zeta=2. When calculations are made on these bases, all energy and impact sensitivity correlate except[gamma]. 21 refs., 6 figs., 7 tabs.

  10. Study on molecular controlled mining system of methane hydrate; Methane hydrate no bunshi seigyo mining ni kansuru kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuriyagawa, M.; Saito, T.; Kobayashi, H.; Karasawa, H.; Kiyono , F.; Nagaoki, R.; Yamamoto, Y.; Komai, T.; Haneda, H.; Takahashi, Y. [National Institute for Resources and Environment, Tsukuba (Japan); Nada, H. [Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-02-01

    Basic studies are conducted for the collection of methane from the methane hydrate that exists at levels deeper than 500m in the sea. The relationship between the hydrate generation mechanism and water cluster structure is examined by use of mass spectronomy. It is found that, among the stable liquid phase clusters, the (H2O)21H{sup +} cluster is the most stable. Stable hydrate clusters are in presence in quantities, and participate in the formation of hydrate crystal nuclei. For the elucidation of the nucleus formation mechanism, a kinetic simulation is conducted of molecules in the cohesion system consisting of water and methane molecules. Water molecules that array near methane molecules at the normal pressure is disarrayed under a higher pressure for rearray into a hydrate structure. Hydrate formation and breakdown in the three-phase equilibrium state of H2O, CH4, and CO2 at a low temperature and high pressure are tested, which discloses that supercooling is required for formation, that it is possible to extract CH4 first for replacement by guest molecule CO2 since CO2 is stabler than CH4 at a lower pressure or higher temperature, and that formation is easier to take place when the grain diameter is larger at the formation point since larger grain diameters result in a higher formation temperature. 3 figs.

  11. Acquisition method of the peculiar recognition molecule for separation and analysis; Bunri {center_dot} bunseki no tameno tokuiteki ninshiki bunshi no shutokuho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Shigeo; Murao, Kenji [Kobe University, Kobe (Japan)

    1999-04-05

    In this review on acquisition method of the peculiar recognition molecule for separation and analysis, the following were outlined: Protein production which fused the affinity tag for the specific separation and selection process of monoclonal antibody from combinatorial library. And, the usefulness of anti-peptide antibody in the immunisation affinity separation was described. N- of the separation object protein or anti-peptide antibody for the peptide of the C- end part adsorbed antigen peptide and object protein, and the adsorption protein was able to be eluted under the moderate condition in the eluate including the antigen peptide. (translated by NEDO)

  12. Control of population of excited nitrogen molecules by mixing hydrogen in low pressure discharge; Chisso jun`antei reiki bunshi mitsudo no quenching ni yoru seigyo no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Uematsu, K.; Yumoto, M.; Sakai, T. [Musashi Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-06-01

    The authors have studied on surface treatment of PTFE by a low pressure discharge. It is deduced that excited nitrogen molecules contribute to introduce polar components on the surface. To confirm the speculation, we tried to change population of metastable nitrogen N2 (A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) by quenching precursor N2 (B{sup 3}{pi}g), with hydrogen molecule. The decrease of relaxation time which indicates a change of excited molecule and measured by emission spectroscopy using a time after glow method was obtained. As a result, the relaxation times of N2 (B{sup 3}{pi}g) and N2 (A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}) decreased to 55% and 20% respectively, when mixing ratio of hydrogen was 3%. It was also deduced that hydrogen atom may take a part in a quenching process of N2 (A{sup 3}{Sigma}u{sup +}). 14 refs., 11 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Molecular dynamics of the formation process of fullerene. 2nd Report. Annealing to the perfect C60 structure; Fullerene seisei katei no bunshi dorikigaku. 2. Kanzenna C60 eno annealing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maruyama, S.; Yamaguchi, Y. [The University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-07-25

    The formation of a fullerene was simulated using the molecular dynamics method. The clustering process starting from 500 isolated carbon atoms was simulated under nearly equilibrium conditions at Tc=3000 K with a density of 30 times lower than that in our previous study for investigation of the effect of annealing during collisions. The small clusters appeared in this simulation were simpler than those in the previous case; they were grown with a simple chain or ring structure for C{sub n<20}, a 3-dimensional chaotic structure for around C{sub 2040}. Since the density of carbon atoms in the simulation was still high due to the computational limitation, these clusters are expected to have a much longer collision free time in practice. For further evaluation of the effect of annealing, a C60 structure obtained from the simulation was annealed without collision at Tc=2500 K. Through successive organized network transformations known as Stone Wales rearrangement, a perfect fullerene structured C60 was finally formed in about 50 ns. From the viewpoint of the Arrehenius type reaction rate of rearrangement, the high temperature of 2500 K and the time-share of 50 ns for annealing were comparable to experimental conditions. 39 refs., 5 figs.

  14. Enhancement of hemolytic and catecholamine releasing activities of mastoparan by the dendrimeric formation; Masutoparan bunshi no jujoka ni yoru sekkekyu yoketsu sayo to katekoru amin hoshutsu sayo no kokasseika

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurita, Takashi; Kosemura, Yoshiko; Ito, Hisashi [Aoyama Gakuin University, Tokyo (Japan). Department of Chemistry; Kumakura, Konosuke [Sophia University, Tokyo (Japan). Life Science Institute; Kasai, Hisataka [Tokyo Metropolitan University of Health Sciences, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-08-10

    As a trial to enhance activity of bioactive peptide, the dendrimeric formation of mastoparan (MP), a wasp venom toxic peptide, was carried out. We synthesized dendrimeric MPs consisting of 2,4 and 8 MP molecules formed on a branching lysine-core, and examined the hemolytic and catecholamine releasing activities and the circular dichroism. The activities of dendrimeric MPs were higher than that of MP and the {alpha}-helical contents increased with the increase of the number of branches in the dendrimers. The most potent dendrimer in hemolytic activity, approximately 8000 times as active as MP, was octameric MP which took 35 % {alpha}-helical content even in an aqueous buffer. Our results indicated that the dendrimeric formation of an amphipathic peptide should be a useful way to obtain highly active peptide as shown already in immunogenicity. (author)

  15. Wall effect in deactivation of excited molecular oxygen {sup 1}{delta}g; Reiki sanso bunshi {sup 1}{delta}g no shikkatsu ni oyobosu hyomen hanno no eikyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takahashi, S.; Hasegawa, Y.; Yamashita, I. [Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, Tsukuba (Japan)

    1993-10-25

    This paper discusses effects of surface reaction on deactivation of excited molecular oxygen in {sup 1}{Delta}g condition. Gaseous oxygen containing excited oxygen generated by microwave discharge at a concentration of less than 1% is flown into several kinds of tubes to be measured such as quartz tubes (with an inner diameter of about 10 mm), and the light emitting intensity of the excited oxygen was measured upstream and downstream of the tubes to be measured (with in-tube pressure of 1 Torr or 2 Torr) to derive its concentration change. The surface reaction on the tube wall was regarded as a primary reaction, and the concentration change of the excited oxygen in flows in the round tube (attributable to the surface reaction) was analyzed. With respect to effects of tube wall materials on deactivation of the excited molecular oxygen, the surface deactivation probability in the case of using low-activity materials has decreased in the order of Pyrex, PVC, quartz, PFA and PTFE. The surface deactivation probability in the case of using a metallic material, SUS316L, was about 1000 times larger than that in the quartz. 14 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  16. Quantum analysis in the transition process to excited state of an oxygen molecule induced by electron collisions; Denshi shototsu ni tomonau sanso bunshi ni okeru reiki jotai sen`i no ryoshironteki kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishimaru, K. [Gifu National College of Technology, Gifu (Japan); Okazaki, K. [Tokyo Inst. of Technology, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-06-25

    For understanding of fundamental chemical reactions under a highly non equilibrium condition which is quite often used in plasma processing, the relevant atomic and molecular processes must be clarified. In this study, an analysis of the transition process to the excited state of an oxygen molecule induced by electron collisions in the oxygen plasma has been carried out. First, the electron density distribution in an oxygen molecule has been calculated using the extended Huckel molecular orbital method. Then, the electron potential energy distribution in the transition process to the excited state has been estimated. The electron behavior has been calculated using the estimated unidimensional electron potential energy distribution and unsteady quantum mechanics. As a result, the transition process to the excited state of an oxygen molecule induced by electron collisions and its conditions have been clarified qualitatively. 9 refs., 9 figs.

  17. Fiscal 1997 report on a feasibility study of international joint researches in the Asian region; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Asia chiiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu kanosei chosa (4)hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    It is thought that the energy consumption in Asian countries with ASEAN and China as center will a marked growth also in future together with a rapid economic growth, but harmony with environmental problems and economic growth is being taken as a serious problem. This is an important issue also to Japan from viewpoints of secure energy supply and regional response to the environmental issue. Accordingly, strongly desired is positive response to global environmental issues and promotion in development/spread of new energy/energy conservation in these countries. For the spread of the technologies, actual construction/operation of plants by joint researches with Japan are effective from aspects of personnel raising, technical improvement, PR effects, etc. This is also helpful for Japan in terms of technological development because Japan can also get the unobtainable data from the operation under appropriate conditions. This is a report on the studies of the trends of global environmental problems in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, India and China. 3 figs., 72 tabs.

  18. Fiscal 1997 report on the investigational research on intelligent social infrastructure technology; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (chiteki shakai kiban kogaku gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper first described an aim and outline of intelligent social infrastructure technology, summed up the system of social infrastructure and the situation in Japan in terms of the structure, lifeline, moving bodies such as railroad and automobiles, communication, security, and maintenance. Considering this present situation, the paper next described a concept of the intelligent social infrastructure technology to be newly constructed and a course of the development. Besides, as subjects required to study for the development of intelligent social infrastructure technology, it reported on risk management, methods of definition/collection/transfer/supply of information, infrastructure applicable at emergency, normal/emergency dual course system, privacy, robustness, and additionally the problems to be caused pertaining to architecture/civil engineering, traffic, security, communication, etc. when the infrastructure develops as a social system. Moreover, as element technology, the intelligent system related technology and data communication technology were described in detail. Examples of the research project were also reported. 101 refs., 70 figs., 42 tabs.

  19. Report on the analytical survey of the Pacific energy information; Taiheiyo energy joho bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Arrangement, investigation and analysis of an energy information exchange system were conducted, with the aim of coping with the development in the whole Asia/Pacific area, the stabilization of energy supply/demand, and the environmental problem and of realizing effective cooperation of every country in the area. Concerning the trend of the domestic primary energy supply/demand, there are some patterns. Countries which show high growth rates are developing countries such as Thailand and China, and NIES such as Korea and Taiwan. Countries where growth rates are slowing down and lowering are developed countries such as Australia, Canada, Japan and the U.S. Countries where energy supply/demand is not stabilized are Singapore, Hong Kong, Indonesia and Chile which are suffering from variations in import/export. The ultimate energy consumption is the domestic primary energy supply from which the conversion loss in the conversion sector was deducted, and indicates almost the same trend as the primary energy supply. It is divided into a stabilized type of developed countries and a rapidly increasing type and a stagnant type. However, there are some exceptions. Total data in the quarter of the year cannot be the yearly data by itself, but requires a year-end tax arrangement. 40 tabs.

  20. Proceedings of RITE international workshop on valuation; Total eko balance ni kansuru kokusai workshop hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The RITE International Workshop on Valuation was held in Tokyo and Osaka in February 1996, and eight papers on total ecobalance were reported. In The Field of Impact Assessment, described were constitution and methodology about impact assessment in a wide sense. In LCA Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow, discussed were the historical development and future outlook of LCA. In Standardization of Product Life Cycle Assessment, a survey of the present situation of LCA international standardization was made. In the Relationship between Product Life Cycle Assessment Methodology, considered was the relationship between the goal definition of the product life cycle assessment and the methodological choices. In Valuation in LCA, the present study of LCA was reviewed. Besides, reviews of the LCA study in Japan were made public.

  1. Research report on human media; Human media no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The human multimedia technology corresponding to users` subjective characteristics was researched to realize information environment producing a sense of unity with human. The human media technology realizes a human sensitive information processing model and a common database easily acceptable sensitively by various users. This technology also should be able to fairly accept and transmit individual`s information and knowledge as multimedia information, and in addition it is required to supply a virtual space with presence. In fiscal 1995, the research committee studied the concrete developmental issue for integrating these advanced fundamental technologies, and as practical images planned the prototype systems such as human media interactive plant operation, supply of environment supporting personal intelligent activities, and virtual medical center. The research committee also discussed development of space mobile media to secure energy-saving and safety of automobiles, and an environment simulation system with participation of many people. 34 figs., 2 tabs.

  2. Proceedings of Japan-Germany Workshop of Bioremediation; Nichidoku bio remediation workshop hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-04

    This is a proceedings of Japan-Germany Workshop on Bioremediation held on December 4 and 5, 1995. The keynote lectures include `Environmental preservation using biotechnology` by Prof. Karube of University of Tokyo, and `Environmental technology in Germany: status, achievements, and problems` by Prof. R.D.Schmid of University of Stuttgart. In the oral session, 7 papers are presented in the microbiological aspects of bioremediation, 10 papers in the environmental monitoring, and 6 papers in the engineering aspects of bioremediation. This workshop was sponsored by the German Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Technology, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, and Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth. According to the lecture by Prof. Karube, key technologies for the environmental preservation include biotechnologies, such as the culture of fine algae with high CO2 concentration resistant properties using a solar light condenser, production of effective substances from CO2, and production of organic fertilizer from the sediments of lakes and sea. 19 refs., 12 figs., 3 tabs.

  3. Report on an analytical survey on the Pacific energy information; Taiheiyo energy joho bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    For the purpose of collecting and arranging energy information in the Asia and Pacific region, this survey has been conducted for many fiscal years. The Asia and Pacific region is classified into the Chinese area, the Southeast Asia area including Brunei, Indonesia, the Philippine, Singapore and Thailand, the East Asia area including Japan, Korea, Taiwan and Hong Kong, the North America area including the U.S. and Canada, and the Oceania area including Australia and New Zealand. As to the primary energy supplied from 1980 to 1993, China largely increased its share by 3.1%. The Southeast Asia also increased its share by 2.1%, and the East Asia by 2.5%. To the contrary, the North America area largely declined its share by 7.8%, but still has approximately 60% in the Asia and Pacific area. By kind of energy, coal increased the share while oil decreased. 16 figs., 7 tabs.

  4. Investigational report on the trend of measures for global warming; Chikyu ondanka taisaku doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    To know the trend of measures taken for global warming, conducted were overseas surveys, participation in academic society meetings, and literature surveys. The phaseout time of all ozone depleting substances responsible for the ozonospherial destruction was determined for both developed and developing countries in the 7th Meeting of countries which concluded the Montreal Protocol. As information on measures for protecting the ozonosphere, introduced was activities under United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). New fluorine containing ethers were introduced as cleaning solvent which causes no ozonospherial destruction and is low in global warming index. Toxicity data were obtained on HFC-236ea and HFC-236fa which are promising substitutes in HCFC foaming and refrigerant fields. The paper introduced an outline of the 1st Meeting of countries which concluded the Framework Convention on Climate Change held in 1995. According to the report on the National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection of the Netherlands, the amount of emission of fluorine containing greenhouse effect gas (in CO2 conversion) reached 8-14% of all the amount of greenhouse effect gas emitted in 1990 unless the control is reinforced. An outline of the TEWI-3 project was introduced which is useful for comparing effects of substitution technologies on global warming. 14 refs., 11 figs., 29 tabs.

  5. Research and development of basic technologies for next generation industries, 'high-efficiency polymeric separation membrane material'. Evaluation on second term final research and development (first report); Jisesdai sangyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu. Kokoritsu bunshi bunrimaku zairyo (dainiki kenkyu kaihatsu hyoka)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    This study is intended to establish a basic technology for innovative high-efficiency separation membrane materials that can be used in areas in which application of membrane separation has been impossible. The water/ethanol separation membrane (for water selective permeation) and water/acetic acid separation membrane (for water selective permeation) achieved separation coefficient and permeation velocity of the world's highest level. The water/ethanol separation membrane (for ethanol selective permeation), although its separation coefficient is lower than the world's highest performance, has high permeation velocity, providing the performance of the worldwide level as seen from the comprehensive viewpoint. The carbon monoxide/nitrogen separation membrane achieved separation coefficient and permeation velocity of the world's highest level. The oxygen/nitrogen separation membrane requires further enhancement in the permeation velocity and stability. Establishment has been performed on separation technologies for membrane separation of non-water soluble aqueous solutions, optical division by using chiral crown ether, high-performance liquid separation by means of plasma surface treatment, and particle separation. Basic analysis has been advanced also on evaluation technologies for gaseous body separation membrane and liquid separation membrane, of which future progress is expected. (NEDO)

  6. Test and survey on a next generation coal liquefying catalyst. Coal molecule scientific test and survey as the base for commercializing the coal liquefying technology; Jisedai sekitan ekika shokubai shiken chosa. Sekitan ekika gijutsu shogyoka kiban to shite no sekitan bunshi kagaku shiken chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The test and survey on a next generation coal liquefying catalyst present a new proposal to raise catalytic activity in coal liquefaction, and perform demonstration experiments in a laboratory scale to search for possibility of developing a new coal liquefying catalyst from various viewpoints. To explain, discussions were given on the catalyst to perform the followings: liquefaction under extremely mild conditions by using ultra strong acids not limited only to metals; ion exchange method and swell carrying method to raise catalyst dispersion very highly, enhance the catalytic activity, and reduce the amount of catalyst to be used; mechanism of producing catalyst activating species to further enhance the activity of iron catalysts; and pursuit of morphological change in the activating species. The coal molecule scientific test and survey as the base for commercializing the coal liquefying technology performed the studies on the following items: pretreatment of coal that can realize reduction of coal liquefaction cost; configuration of the liquefaction reaction, liquefying catalysts, hydrocarbon gas generating mechanism, status of catalysts after liquefaction reaction, and reduction in gas purification cost by using gas separating membranes. Future possibilities were further searched through frank and constructive opinion exchanges among the committee members. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Basic survey on trends of waste use type production facilities and waste fuel production facilities; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Haikibutsu riyogata seizo shisetsu oyobi haikibutsu nenryo seizo shisetsu doko kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This survey was made to obtain the basic data for future spread and promotion of No.6 type (waste use type production facilities) and No.7 type (waste fuel production facilities) which were added to the objects having been subsidized since fiscal 1997 under `the environmental harmony type energy community project.` In the former, the kiln in the cement industry and the blast furnace in the steel industry can be extremely large places to receive waste plastic since the facilities are distributed in every area and the treatment capacity is large. However, the effective collection, transportation and sorting of large quantity of waste plastic, especially the problem of removal of vinyl chloride, is a big bottleneck. As to the use of waste plastic using gasification technology, there are no actual results on the commercial basis. That is, however, appropriate for treatment of the waste difficult in treatment, and can be expected of the usage in the chemical industry. In the latter, in the facilities using industrial waste raw materials as fuel, solidification and liquefaction are both operated on a commercial basis. In relation to the solidification and use as fuel of general waste, the treatment of combustion ash is preventing the expansion of use of waste in the industrial field because of a large quantity of chlorine included in the products. 92 refs., 54 figs., 35 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 1998 research report. Research on the possibility of promoting CDM project through technology transfer with plant exports; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Plant yushutsugata gijutsu iten wo tsujita CDM project suishin kanosei ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Study was made on promotion of CDM (clean development mechanism) project through technology transfer with plant exports. Although CDM system was provided in COP3 on climate change held in Kyoto in 1997, its detailed rules including project approval are yet undecided, and only the schedule to provide the detailed rules until COP6 in 2000 was decided in COP4 in 1998. The common recognition that the CDM project with plant exports produces various merits for both Japan and the partner country is increasing. However, from the viewpoint of forming concrete CDM projects, most Japanese enterprises are passive in approach to the CDM project because of no detailed design of CDM, uncertain profitability and procedures, and avoidance of additional burdens. Plant export is also difficult because of the fact that assessment of a new project is difficult. Enterprises' deeper recognition on the CDM project, and a governmental integrated support system are desirable. (NEDO)

  9. Leading research and study report for fiscal 1998. Report on leading research and study on intelligent fiber; 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Inteligent fiber sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches were conducted with a view to organizing projects for developing intelligent fibers, equipped with environmental friendliness and amenity without being deprived of their original properties as structural and clothing materials, the ultimate goal of the effort being the creation of harbingers of next-generation fibers which would contribute to the advance of industries related to environments, medicine and welfare, and information. What were learned from fiscal 1998 researches are mentioned below. The strength that the general-purpose fibers currently in use exhibit is so small as to be but several percent of what is theoretically predicted for them. Demand will increase a great deal if the actual strength is doubled, for which new technologies have to be developed including those involving super-fiber texture control. For providing the fiber with such functions as environment-friendliness, amenity, etc., it is necessary to develop phasal structure control technologies with regard to fiber morphology, surface texture, etc. For success in practical application in the future of such super-fiber materials, each specimen needs to be manufactured in the order of kilogram by way of trial. Moreover, fiber evaluation techniques have to be developed in the three domains of software, hardware, and interface. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1998 research report on information structuring technology for advanced use of NEDO research reports; 1998 nendo NEDO seika hokokusho nado no kodo riyo ni hitsuyona joho kozoka gijutsu no chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research was made on electronic NEDO research reports corresponding to the recent extending trend of Internet. The logical structure and electronic format of NEDO research reports as document were first studied considering document disclosure and reuse of technical information. HTML as electronic format for Internet is unfortunately insufficient to describe the logical structure of NEDO research reports because of HTML's restricted description. Thus, XML which is being watched because of its possible definition of original tags was studied in place of HTML. As a result, because at present preparation of standards on XML and a compatibility for implementation of standards are insufficient, it was concluded that construction of the electronic document system for NEDO research reports is still too early. However, since adoption of XML as document format is important from the viewpoint of a property succession on Internet, preparation of the XML format file of NEDO research reports is essential. (NEDO)

  11. Research report of fiscal 1997. Study on total energy and material control (feasibility study on circulating society); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Total energy and material control ni kansuru chosa (junkangata shakai kochiku kanosei chosa) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In order to construct real sustainable global environment and human society in the 21st century called the century of environment, not only the innovation of manufacturing processes technically supporting such the construction but also the conception including the innovation of the whole society from a wide viewpoint are essential. As a total energy and material control system (TEMCOS) concept, the view of an energy-saving circulating society is attempted which minimizes a total energy and material flow in Japan, and the role and issue of manufacturing industry, in particular, material industry are extracted. As one of the targets of such a concept, the conception of an eco-town is also described. Paying attention on some important material industries including a mass material flow and consuming a large amount of energy such as metal, plastics and automobile industries, the study result on a material flow for every industry is arranged, and some effective issues contributing to minimize a material flow and control energy consumption and CO2 emission are extracted. 80 refs., 67 figs., 30 tabs.

  12. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 survey. R and D of high efficiency clean energy vehicles; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kokoritsu clean energy jidosha no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of developing an automobile which keeps low pollution using petroleum substituting clean energy, decreases the running energy consumption to a half at least, and reduces the CO2 emission to less than a half of the conventional one at the same time, the R and D started in fiscal 1997. As to the study of a high efficiency hybrid power system, conducted were the prediction of fuel consumption performance of the system proposed, evaluation of element technology using hybrid simulator, evaluation experiment on a new hybrid vehicle, and grasp of overseas trends. In relation to the development of hybrid vehicles, the following were studied: methanol fuel cell loading hybrid vehicle, CNG engine loading hybrid vehicle, CNG ceramic engine loading hybrid truck, CNG lean burn engine loading hybrid truck, LNG engine loading hybrid bus, and DME engine loading hybrid bus. Besides, a survey on synthetic fuel and the related survey were carried out. 17 refs., 185 figs., 101 tabs.

  13. Fiscal 1997 survey report on the trend of global warming protection measures of substituting freons; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (daitai freon no chikyu ondanka taisaku doko ni kansuru chosa hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The trend survey was conducted of global warming protection measures by participation in international conferences, scientific society meetings and lecture meetings, and by literature surveys. We participated in the international conference on ozonosphere protection measures. In the 9th meeting of the nations which concluded the Montreal Protocol, the strengthening of restrictions on methyl bromide was decided on. In the UNEP solvent technology selection conference and the OORG conference of the World Bank, reports were made on substituting solvents in Japan, activities supporting developing countries, and the developmental trend of urethane use foaming agent. In the international conference on ozonosphere protection measures, introduced were the present status of Japan`s ODA for developing countries and examples of success of the substitution in the solvent field. The paper included nine reports on CFC destruction technology related literature made public in the past one year. The paper also introduced a comparative study of de-HCFC substituting technology at U.S. Oak Ridge National Laboratory, U.S. EPA`s prediction of emission of fluorine 3 gas, the predicted value of HFC emission and trial calculation of contributing rate in all greenhouse gases by IIR, Green Peace and Elf Atochem, and NOAA`s measured data on SF6 in the atmosphere. 49 refs., 46 figs., 26 tabs.

  14. FY 1997 report of survey on the intellectual property in international collaboration research project; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (kokusai kyodo kenkyu ni okeru chiteki zaisanken ni tsuite no chosa hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In promoting international collaboration research project, coordination of the patent system of each country which participants to the project belong to has broad implications in concluding the contract for the project. For example, in Japan, 100% of the patent belongs to the government for contrast or collaboration project with the government. While, in the USA, the patent developed by the private company belongs to the private company even for the contrast project. In Japan, the shared patent can not be transferred to the third party or implemented without agreement with the partner. While, in the USA, the shared patent can be transferred to the third party or implemented without agreement with the partner. Due to such a difference, some projects can not be established by ill coordination of intellectual property even when the meaning of the projects is well understood. In this survey, was investigated the outline of patent systems of major countries to study about what should well balanced treatment of intellectual property in international collaboration research project be in the future. 4 figs., 8 tabs.

  15. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Kamogawa); 2000 nendo welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Kamogawa) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of assisting in-home medical care, a system to enable in-home acquisition, compression, accumulation, distribution, and regeneration of auscultatory sounds (cardiac sound, respiratory sound) is added to telemedicine assisting system technologies for remotely located doctors' decisions and instructions for in-home medical care. In fiscal 2000, for improvement on the already-developed system, operationality was improved, uptake was realized of still images (digital camera pictures) mainly for diseases in dematology where such is strongly demanded, and a transmitter function was augmented. The system enables the PHS (personal handyphone system) aided exchange of medical data between portable terminals on patrol and (doctors') personal computers through the personal computer server in the hospital. Doctors are able to administer remote telemedicine now that biomimetic information on remotely located patients such as still medical images and auscultatory sounds necessary for diagnosing is available in the hospital. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 2000 pioneering research on the spintronic device basic technology; 2000 nendo spintronic soshi kiban gijutsu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Researchers specializing in technologies of magnetism or semiconductor were drafted from the industrial, official, and academic circles, who conducted hearings, patent investigations, overseas surveys, and the like, concerning spintronics. Collected in this report are the outline of the research and development of spintronic device technology, its current state and tasks and its importance from social and economic viewpoints, and the strategy that Japan should follow in the research and development of the technology. Important spintronic device technologies now attracting attention are mentioned below. The nonvolatile magnetic memory device MRAM (magnetic random access memory) is supposed to be the device which will enjoy practical application first among like devices. It is expected that the spin conduction device will lead to novel functions when the possibilities of the spin-dependent electric conduction phenomenon are further pursued. It is hoped that the spin optical device will be used as a light isolator, light spin logic device, field induced variable wavelength laser device, spin laser device, high-speed light switch, and so forth. It is necessary to watch the development of a spin-aided quantum computer which is still at the stage of basic study. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1999 achievement report. Research and development of synergy ceramics; 1999 nendo synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Studies are conducted on three subjects, which are the development of 1) high-temperature energy materials technology, 2) ultrasophisticated materials technology, and 3) high-performance active materials technology. Under subject 1), high-strength porous materials are to be developed, which are resistant to heat and corrosion, tolerant of damage and deformation, and light in weight. In addition, relative to fluid transmission, materials are to be developed, which are highly resistant to heat, corrosion, and thermal impact, and capable of separating and removing particulates of powder dust. Under subject 2), efforts are under way to develop two technologies, related to materials creation and their application. The former technology involves the development of a process of simultaneously equipping materials with high wear resistance, desired friction factors, and desired mechanical and thermal characteristics; a process of equipping them with a trace damage detecting function; and a process of simultaneously equipping them with functions of restoration from accidents and of self-lubrication. Relative to the latter technology, efforts are conducted, in coordination with the endeavors for the above-said materials creation technology, to develop materials and their application with attention paid to some specified functions. Under subject 3), self-complete type ceramic materials not requiring an external driving power source are to be developed, in which a selective cleaning function and environmental energy conversion function are amalgamated. (NEDO)

  18. 1998 Annual Study Report. Standardization of color reproduction management; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Iro saigen kanri (color management) no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Standardization of color reproduction management is aimed at realization of the most urgently needed areas of the color reproduction management for international standardization. This R and D program is aimed at drafting the standards for color information devices and their characteristics, and proposing the drafts. Factors which deteriorate color reproduction stability of input and output devices are classified and analyzed, devices for evaluation are selected, and extents of the deterioration are measured and evaluated, in order to extract the problems involved in the color reproduction models for the current input and output devices. Standardization of color management on the multi-spectrum color images is attempted for business printing, where effectiveness of a fluorescent ink containing a fluorescent material is noted for expansion of the color reproduction range for printing color images with the conventional YMCK inks. Basic aspects of the fluorescent colors are measured, to verify the methods for measuring fluorescent body colors. As a result, new knowledge is obtained. The standard images for flesh color evaluation are produced, and the methods for analyzing the data obtained by the tests, including the subjective tests, are established. These lead to establishment of the standards for preferred flesh color of the yellow races. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1997 achievement report. Research and development of synergy ceramics; 1997 nendo synergy ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research and development is conducted on two subjects, that is, 1) hyper organized structure control technology and 2) structural element control technology. In addition, joint research and development is conducted on the creation of new materials by hyper organized structure controlling, hyper organized structure controlling for ceramics by a structurization reaction process, designing of precursors to ceramics, and the hyper organized structure control for ceramics by nanostructure process control. The joint research and development endeavors further deal with re-entrusted projects which involve researches on sintered structure control by powdery particulate structure control; dynamic process of synergy ceramics; oxynitride liquids, glasses, and glass-ceramics; and multifunctional ceramic laminates for engineering applications. Under subject 1), researches are made on the development of precursors into ceramics by utilizing chemical reactions of organic metal compounds, and analyses are conducted into the effects, exerted by the molecular structures of precursors and the conditions of a reaction for their development into ceramics, on the microstructures and various properties of the ceramics to be composed. Under subject 2), high strength, great hardness, and high resistance to wear are realized by allowing the precipitation of nano-particulates in crystals of a fine and very compact sintered body of alumina. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1999 research report. Simulation analysis on petroleum substituting energy; 1999 nendo sekiyu daitai energy keiryo bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This report summarizes the fiscal 1999 research result on simulation analysis on petroleum substituting energy. The simulation model for analyzing social and energy supply and demand structures comprehensively was established by improving the China and Korea models developed in fiscal 1998 through a use of input-output tables. In simulation of the China model, the reference case showed that a primary energy demand in 2030 reaches 3.3 times as much as that in 1997 (2.9 times in CO{sub 2}), resulting in serious energy and environment problems. Reduction of primary energy and CO{sub 2} is possible by promotion of energy saving and introduction of a carbon tax. In simulation of the Korea model, the reference case showed that CO{sub 2} emission in 2030 reaches 2.2 times as much as that in 1997, showing an annual increase rate of 2.4%. The annual increase rate can be reduced by introducing a carbon tax. The simulation model for automobile energy was also established for major countries in Asia. Automobile energy consumption increases with diffusion of automobiles until 2030 gradually. In particular, the consumption in China reaches that in Japan in 2010. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1993 investigational report on heat pump heat storage technology; 1993 nendo heat pump chikunetsu gijutsu ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    This project is for an investigation into the heat pump (HP) use heat storage technology, with the aim of clarifying the present status of HP heat storage technology, the utilization status, and the developmental trend of technology and of contributing to the spread of heat energy effective use using HP heat storage technology and to the promotion of the technical development. Accordingly, the evaluation of the following was made: sensible heat (SH), latent heat (LH), chemical heat storage technology (CH), and heat storage technology (HS). Investigations were made on the sensible heat use heat storage technology of water, brine, stone, soil, etc. in terms of SH; the phase change sensible heat use heat storage technology of ice, hydrate salt, paraffins, etc. in terms of LH; hydration, hydroxide, 2-propanol pyrolysis, adsorption of silica gel, zeolite and water, and heat storage technology using metal hydride, etc. in terms of CH. In terms of HS, the following were studied and evaluated from the study results of the heat storage system in which HP is applied to the sensible heat and latent heat type heat storage technology: contribution to the power load levelling and the reduction of heat source capacity, heat recovery and the use of unused energy, improvement of the system efficiency by combining HP and heat storage technology. 24 refs., 242 figs., 56 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 1999 research achievement report on the development of SNPs related technologies; 1999 nendo SNPs kanren gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts are made to develop specimen processing technologies for modifying and enabling various kinds of specimens to automatically undergo SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) analysis for medicine development and clinical diagnostic activities and to develop technologies and apparatuses to enable rapid, inexpensive, and simple search and analysis of SNPs using DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) chips and mass spectrometry. Activities are conducted in the four fields involving (1) the development of a practical clinical system for rapid detection and analysis of SNPs, (2) research and development of an SNP scoring system using bar-coded oligonucleotides and magnetic beads, (3) research and development of a high-speed SNP analysis system using a mass spectrometer, and (4) the development of a high throughput SNP analysis line. Efforts exerted in field (1) involve a protein fixation method using plasma polymerization and its application to DNA arrays, development of an SNP detection method using human genomes, construction of a rapid DNA detection device using an electric field, development of an SNP analysis system using the solid phase HPA (hybridization protection assay) method, and SNP analysis using solid phase ligation. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1995 geothermal development promotion survey. Natural environment survey report; 1995 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Shizen kankyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    In Candidate C area for the geothermal development survey, the natural environment was surveyed and `the secondary landscape assessment` was summed up in which places proposed for drilling of large-size wells and for construction of power generation facilities are extracted and a simulation of the landscape is conducted. The area for survey is the Shiramizu-gawa region in the south of Lake Akan, Akan-cho, Akan-gun, Hokkaido. The field survey was carried out about three items of landscape, plants and animals during the June-November period, 1995. As to the flora, diverse florae including vegetation unique to alpine areas, wetlands, and fumarole surrounding areas were found in the region, which is covered with summer-green broad-leaved forests or mixed forests of coniferous and broad-leaved trees. As to the fauna, faunae inhabitant of the highly natural forests were found including black woodpeckers and mountain hawk eagles. As a result of studying the places proposed for geothermal development from the above-mentioned survey, two places were picked up in the west of the survey area, where geothermal development is comparatively less influential in the natural environment and landscape and there is a high locational adaptability. 19 refs., 56 figs., 49 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 1998 achievement report on welfare technosystem research and development. Ishikawa; 1998 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Ishikawa) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research and development is made concerning the 'technology of independent life promotion at home after discharge from hospital' and 'technology of house design suitable for meeting handicaps,' and a 'simplified house capable of promoting independence' is developed, which duly accommodates the needs of old and handicapped people. For the elucidation of house designing techniques and welfare apparatus utilization methods so that old or handicapped people will enjoy a comfortable living, their physical functions and basic behavior in their daily life are analyzed. As the result, it is found that it is important to understand their working abilities under each of the three categories of hemiplegia, paraplegia, and complete tetraplegia and to assist them accordingly, and conditions are prepared for designing a house that will appropriately deal with behavior patterns under each of the three categories. Design specifications are worked out for a Welfare Technohouse Ishikawa which satisfies all the design requirements. Making use of the specifications, a layout is completed, in which environments and facilities of the bedroom, stool, wash room, and the bathtub of the Welfare Technohouse Ishikawa are condensed in a minimum-size detached room designed to be carried in a 4-ton truck. (NEDO)

  5. Geothermal development promotion survey. No. B-3 Kumaishi area; Chinethu kaihatsu sokushin chosa seika hokokusho. No. B-3. Kumaishi chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper summarizes the result of a geothermal resource survey carried out from fiscal 1995 through fiscal 1997 in the Kumaishi Area located in the western center of Oshima Peninsula in the south western part of Hokkaido. The survey for this area was performed with an objective to search the spread of high temperature area continuing from the adjoining Yakumo area where the highest temperature of 233 degrees C has been confirmed in a structural test well (N63-YK-6), to identify high water permeating areas in great depth points underground, and to find possibility of existence of geothermal resources. The survey included geological and alteration zone survey, geochemical survey, gravitation exploration, electromagnetic exploration, drilling and temperature logging of five structural test wells, water injection test, temperature restoration test, core survey and hot water survey. Also performed were environmental effect survey, rock age measurement, alteration age measurement, and fluid inclusion test. As a result of the survey, it was identified that the verified geothermal hot water has been stored in granites with poor water permeability, whose low temperature has not formed convection systems spreading in wide areas despite having been heated, making each system exist in small scale independently. It was estimated that the possibility is low to expect geothermal power generation. (NEDO)

  6. Report on investigation in fiscal 2000 of industrial technology information; 2000 nendo sangyo gijutsu joho chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Pursuing the measures for how the national research institutions in Japan who have been made into independent administrative corporations should be positioned in maintaining and developing the industrial strength, investigations were performed with the points focused on measures taken in the United States to improve research environment, and the ways the national research institutions should be. The investigation results were summarized on the following four areas: 1) transition of research and development policies, 2) on the national research organizations, 3) structuring of database for researchers in universities and national research organizations, and 4) future challenges and suggestions. Item 1) has put the subject into order of the history of establishing legislations related to the U.S. technological policies, measures to promote research and development, budgetary management, grants, and preferential treatment. In Item 2), visits and investigations were executed on government-owned, government-operated laboratories and government-owned, contractor-operated laboratories whose operation patterns are different with each other. The results were put into order of institutions, roles, personnel systems, activation measures, joint research institutions, and finance. In Item 3), a data list was prepared on researchers relative to advanced technology programs contributing greatly to enhancing the competitive edge of U.S. corporations. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1995 investigation on biological fixation of carbon dioxide; 1995 nendo seibutsuteki CO2 kotei ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    To cope with the global warming caused by CO2, an investigation was conducted into biological fixation. It is necessary to make a many-sided and comprehensive study on the mechanism of CO2 fixation, the scale (area and carbon holding density), the rate and the environmental impact of the introduction of the technology and the technical problems, and to make a quantitative evaluation of each of the methods in order to make them practical proposals. The global ecosystem is classified into the land biota and ocean biota, and each typical ecosystem was surveyed in terms of the surface area, the carbon holding amount (presently existing amount), the net primary production amount, the required nutrient salt amount, the transpiration rate, etc. Next, a discussion was made on the increasing effect of the carbon fixation amount by changing the present ecosystem from the aspect of scale and rate. At the same time, a study was carried out of energy efficiency, economical efficiency and problems. Last, elementary technology was taken up which seems to be important for implementing measures for the biological carbon fixation. As to the ocean, it is necessary to obtain information, which is not sufficient to utilize marine biota for CO2 fixation, especially on the mechanism of depth-direction transfer of organism and its quantitative grasp. As to the land, one of the measures is conversion of the ecosystem where the amount of carbon fixed is small to the ecosystem where the amount is large. 249 refs., 58 figs., 51 tabs.

  8. Geothermal development promotion survey. No.A-1. Haneyama area; Chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa hokokusho. Haneyama chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-01

    The result and evaluation of the geothermal development promotion survey in the Haneyama area were summed up. The geothermal development promotion survey in the Haneyama area was conducted in the area of approximately 300km{sup 2} of Kujuu-machi, Oita prefecture to make extracts through the ground survey and well survey of the high earth temperature abnormal zone in the north of the Houhi geothermal zone. The ground survey included the geology/alteration zone survey, density survey, geochemical survey, and electromagnetic survey. From the result of drilling six holes for the heat flow rate examination and the existing test boring data, the earth temperature distribution within this survey area was outlined. In the structural test boring survey, a maximum temperature of 140.6{degree}C was recorded at a depth of 1045m. The result of this survey indicated that the CL-SO4 type hydrothermal system in the Noya-Mizuwaketouge area probably extends near the south of Fukumayama. However, since the storage temperature is estimated at approximately 140-195{degree}C, the hydrothermal system is not expected to be used as resource for the steam power generation, but for the binary power generation. 98 refs., 144 figs., 92 tabs.

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Multimedia system for the disabled; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shogaisha taio multimedia system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Development has been made on the element technologies for a multimedia system for the disabled. In developing the non-visual graphical user interface (GUI) access system, a non-visual access system to enable the visually disabled to access a GUI system by utilizing sound and tactile devices was developed. In developing the three-dimensional sound utilizing information providing system, a system was developed, in which information on screen arrangement of the GUI in a personal computer is presented as spatial sound positions by using the three-dimensional sound control technology. The system can be operated non-visually using a mouse by controlling movements of a cursor. The current fiscal year has improved three-dimensional sound producing devices, three-dimensional sound interface, and how to handle their applications. User evaluations were also performed. Functions were expanded and improved in a system and an optical media reader that enable the visually disabled person to read printed papers by himself. Development was made also on a function to link the system with a total system. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1998 achievement report on welfare technosystem research and development. Shizuoka; 1998 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Shizuoka) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Shizuoka Welfare Technohouse Research Committee, in its effort to perform research and development of welfare technosystems, is engaged in the study of research policies basic to manufacturing, that is, what to develop, for whom, and how. It is concluded that research and development be carried out for manufacturing universal design products which will correctly reflect consumers' needs in aged society with a lowered childbirth rate, for offering such products at lower cost, and for bringing about an increase in the number of consumers. It is also decided that, in order to achieve the object and to verify that the products are easy-to-use items even for people having handicaps or meeting difficulties in their daily life, anthropometric data and other data of human behavior and biological response be collected for incorporation into an ergonomic simulation system for research and development for the establishment of technologies for novel digital manufacturing. Studies are conducted for the establishment of technologies for developing universal design products and technologies for assessing such products through the application of ergonomics for contribution to the enhancement of commercialization of products for aged society in Shizuoka Prefecture in compliance with the said two research policies. (NEDO)

  11. 17th Symposium of NEDO projects. Medical and welfare device subcommittee; Iryo fukushi kiki bunkakai. Dai 17 kai jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-09-01

    Described herein are the reports presented to the medical and welfare device subcommittee, 17th symposium of NEDO projects. Those devices selected to develop include a system for detecting information of trace quantities of cells, high-sensitivity optical DNA analyzer, superhigh-speed/high-precision brain function measuring MRI system, opto-tomographic imaging system and non-invasive cerebral metabolism measuring {sup 13}C-MRS device in the health and diagnosis area; system for supporting cerebral tumor surgery in the treatment area; body-embedded type artificial heart system, oral device engineering systems of the next generation and esophagus phonation aiding system in the body function supporting/acting area; automatic food-carrying robot system for the aged and handicapped, and discharging self-supporting system in the daily activity supporting area; and comprehensive wheelchair supporting system in the social activity supporting area. A total of 13 welfare technohouses have been built by the FY 1995. The welfare tool commercialization/development promotion project granted subsidies to a total of 28 themes by the FY 1995, and a total of 23 themes, including those continued, by the FY 1996. A total of 12 themes have been already commercialized. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 study on technology and marketability concerning phytoremediation; 2000 nendo phytoremediation ni kansuru gijutsu oyobi shijosei no chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    An investigative study was conducted on phytoremediation with the purpose of correcting soil contamination caused by heavy metals and the like. In Japan, in connection with the cadmium pollution along the Jintsugawa River region in Toyama Prefecture, a growth of botanical colony such as Athyrium ykoscense was confirmed having a high capacity in absorbing/accumulating heavy metals, with a possibility suggested that they may be utilized for phytoremediation. In a technological research for restoring the environment sustainingly in a wide area, feasibility has been proven to remove polluting agricultural chemicals in farmlands and toxic substance in old industrial sites by making forest trees like poplars, lawns and herbage function. In a project for the cleanup of oil contaminated soil after Gulf War, a demonstrative test of bioremediation for one hectare was performed and, after 15 month experiment, 80 to 90% of aliphatic compounds and 50 to 60% aromatic compounds were degraded. In EU Framework Program in Europe, phytoremediation projects have been implemented across the member countries. (NEDO)

  13. Summary of reports on 1979 result of Sunshine Project. Solar energy; 1979 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Taiyo energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-04-01

    This report is a compilation of all outlines of the results concerning 'solar energy' for which R and D was carried out as a part of Sunshine Project in fiscal 1979. The research subjects (items of the studies) are written below. 1. Solar energy system (measurement of spectral irradiance, utilization system, and meteorological investigation); 2. Solar thermal power generation system; 3. Photovoltaic power generation system (basic research on solar cells, silicon vertical ribbon crystal, silicon horizontal ribbon crystal, particle non-acceleration growth type thin film silicon crystal, particle acceleration growth type thin film silicon crystal, new type solar cells, secondary to quaternary compound semiconductor solar cells, and photovoltaic power generation system); 4. Solar cooling, heating and hot water supply system (evaluation system, newly-built private residential system, existing private residential system, multiple dwelling system, large building system, synthetic resin materials, glass based materials, and metallic materials); 5. Solar energy new utilization method (new power generation system and materials); 6. R and D on solar thermal power generation plant (R and D on pilot plant, experimental research for developing plant on curved surface converging method, and experimental research for developing plant on tower converging method). (NEDO)

  14. Research report of fiscal 1997. Research on promotion of research interchange; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kenkyu koryu sokushin chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For effective promotion of creative and innovative technologies, and cooperative development of industrial technologies in Japan, hearing survey was made to collect various opinions on industrial technologies from learned people. It is necessary to overthrow the industrial policy of following-the-preceding-U.S. type. Discrimination by production technologies can hardly be expected, and a service sector shows poorer productivity. Manufacturing industry is ill-balanced among competition, cooperation and conflicts. Trade policy is strongly linked to innovation. On the government`s role and policy, it is necessary to discuss science and technology distinctively, and the policy is demanded to shift from a need type to a seed type. Basic research, industry-university cooperation, patent system and market expansion are important for innovation. The government`s initiative is essential for innovation and standardization. For better social and economic systems, loans and orders for promising red-ridden firms, and reforming convoy-transports style are necessary. Private firms require the clear direction of the policy, and clear intellectual property and standardization policies.

  15. Report on Asian Environment Information Network; 'Asia kankyo joho network' ni kansuru hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The goal is the construction of Asian Environment Information Network (AEInet) in accordance with a contract signed between Indonesia's LIPI (Indonesian Institute of Science) and NEDO under NEDO's Research Cooperation Project Concerning the Development of Environment Measuring Laser Radar (LR). The network is so designed and constituted as to operate on a private line between Indonesia and Japan via IP (Internet protocol) and to enable the exchange on the Internet network of the data collected/analyzed by the Indonesian LR system and of articles of e-mail between scientists of the two countries. The AEInet will be utilized for the collection/analysis of LR-collected data; exchange of observed data and the result of processing; provision of support to environment information scientists in exchanging e-mail and information; and the search of databases for the implementation of the project. In this paper, the outline and functions of the system, network system design, WWW server construction, network operating status, joint researches with Indonesia, etc., are described. (NEDO)

  16. Report on a survey in fiscal 1999. Survey on research exchange possibility; 1999 nendo kenkyu koryu kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This survey deals with research institutions of governmental organizations, universities, and business entities for the purpose of discussing the possibility of research exchange standing on a long-term point of view to serve for solving global environment problems, and the way the exchange should be. The research exchange shall cover the areas of trends in research and development of global environment related technologies, themes for the research and development, institutions for the research and development, and exchange of researchers and information with these research organizations. In fiscal 1999, three survey missions were dispatched to cover the following three areas: (1) surveys on research possibility of catalyst development by means of combinatorial chemistry, (2) surveys on research exchange possibility for thermo-chemical solar hybrid fuel production technologies, and (3) surveys on research exchange possibility for structuring function improving technologies of the 21st century type. Each survey mission has visited research institutions of the world to survey the trends in researches related to global environment, and the possibility of exchanging researches with RITE. The visits presented the following conclusions and findings: (1) the research on the combinatorial chemistry in the U.S.A. is still in the initial stage; (2) important findings were obtained when surveys were made on methane reformation utilizing solar heat, and coal gasification technologies in Europe; and (3) surveys were made on pioneering researches on plant molecule physiology in Europe. (NEDO)

  17. Workshop on APEC virtual center for environmental technology exchange; APEC kankyo gijutsu koryu virtual center workshop hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    At the 'policy maker workshop of the virtual center of APEC technology exchange' held in November 1997 in Osaka, Japan, it was agreed to organize study groups to discuss the scope of information provided by the virtual center, and to make common the classification systems and retrieval functions. In addition, the necessity was confirmed on international cooperation to promote establishment of virtual centers in different countries and territories. On the first day, Professor Ueda at the Kyoto University gave the basic lecture entitled 'global environment preservation and environmental technology transfer: problems and prospects'. Mr. Dan, the workshop manager gave the basic proposal entitled 'the future directionality of environmental technology exchange inside the APEC territories by using Internet'. Based on the basic proposal made on the first day, reports and discussions were given in the following sessions, where confirmation was made on the future directions. S1: establishment of the virtual centers in other countries and territories; S2: assurance of interchangeability of classification systems and retrieval functions in providing information, and S3: presentation of examples of inter-territorial exchange and the future directionality. (NEDO)

  18. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Home rehabilitation system for aphasia patients; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shitsugosho zaitaku rehabilitation shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Development has been made on the element technologies for a home rehabilitation system for aphasia patients. First, studies were performed on an authoring procedure for aphasia patient training, and partial trial production and development were carried out on an authoring system for the training program formula. Then, studies were executed on a training simulation and analysis filter, and partial trial production and development were implemented on a home rehabilitation supporting and self-teaching system. Next, an input and output mechanism for voice signal processing was studied, and aphasia patient and caregiver human interface was partially fabricated on a trial basis. In addition, a remote rehabilitation communicating method was researched, and partial trial production was carried out on a remote rehabilitation evaluation and diagnosis support means. Finally, communication assisting means were researched, and a communication assisting system was partially produced on a trial basis. Good evaluation results were given on a demonstration system. Although partial indications were given on minute parts, practical agreement was obtained as a whole. Great expectation was given particularly on the remote rehabilitation system and the authoring system. (NEDO)

  19. Development of environmentally friendly universal controller. Data and materials; 1998 nendo kankyo taio universal controller no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shiryohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Research and development was carried out for an 'environmentally friendly universal controller (UC)' which would be 'user-friendly and energy-saving' when used with electrical home appliances, and data and materials on them were compiled into this volume. It covers the specifications (Versions 0.6 and 0.51) of a newly developed two-way controller protocol, the specification (Version 0.1) of two-way remote control IrDA-C communication unit hardware, an infrared communication protocol IrDa Control, and the like. It also accommodates information collected through surveys of technological trends as reflected in technical literature, Internet home pages, catalogs, and the like, concerning the user-friendliness of electrical home appliances, remote control, domestic consumption of electric power, and the like. Also covered is the result of surveys of patents involving environmentally friendly UC related technologies, namely, Japanese patents (from applications made in 1979 through disclosures made in 1998) and U.S. patents (registrations made in 1982 and thereafter). Furthermore, it contains the result of surveys of actualities of domestic use conducted for the purpose of clarifying the effect of environmentally friendly UC introduction, how such UCs are being accepted by the public, and the conditions that should be satisfied for their popularization. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Ube); 2000 nendo walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Ube) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts continue to develop welfare nursing equipment for helping persons in need of nursing care or handicapped persons who live an independent life. Efforts are exerted in three fields for developing (1) a motor driven wheelchair in which the occupant feels as if driving a car, (2) an online cardiac function monitoring system using a cardiac sound sensor, (3) an automatic pressure belt for patients of postural low blood pressure, (4) and a seated position aiding and stabilizing device for workers with legs not fully useful. In field (1), the steering wheel, brake, and driving system are contrived so that the occupant may easily drive the wheelchair as if in an automobile driver's seat. In field (2), a device is developed to monitor and examine the heart rate and respiration rate, for which a cardiac sensor has to be installed on the water bed or an air mattress. In field (3), a computer controlled automatic pressure belt is developed for patients of myelopathy or cerebrovascular disease. In field (4), a work assisting device is developed to help seated workers with leg troubles. (NEDO)

  1. Summary report of the overseas researcher invitation program in FY1996; 1996 nendo kaigai kenkyusha shohei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    To exchange research information, Mr. Koernaen Inif was invited from the Ministry of Industry and Commerce, Indonesia in the period between 4th November in 1996 and 4th February in 1997 as a part of the overseas researcher invitation program in FY 1996. The research theme is `Investigation of low cost removal method of COD and BOD from industrial waste water: Biodegradation of lignin in the waste water from pulp industry using anaerobic bacteria.` The institute of the invited researcher has promoted investigations for improving water quality of the Surabaya River. The largest reason of the water quality pollution of the Surabaya River is caused by the waste water from paper and pulp industry, and pollutants are COD and BOD. In major factories with economic margins, waste water treatments have been conducted, which do not satisfy the waste water standard of factories. In this investigation, the treatment technology information of industrial waste water were collected. The information were summarized for contributing to the future research and development in Surabaya. The objective was to obtain the biodegradation techniques of lignin using anaerobic bacteria. 51 refs., 7 figs., 5 tabs.

  2. International Workshop on Carbon Cycling and Coral Reef Metabolism; Sangosho no tanso junkan ni kansuru kokusai workshop hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-16

    The paper described the International Workshop on Carbon Cycling and Coral Reef Metabolism which was held at Miyako-jima, Okinawa Pref. on October 17-24, 1995. In the workshop, researchers got together which are involved in marine chemistry, marine biology, coral ecology, and environmental science, and discussed the carbon cycling and metabolism of coral reef. Discussions were made on what the coral reef ecosystem is, and what the definition of a sink or a source for CO2 is. Also discussed were scales of how much time and space should be considered to make these issues clear. Further, it was proposed that it was necessary to investigate carbon balance of both the whole system and the components of the system and to keep track of mass transfer among neighboring components of the system. Seventeen presentations were given. The workshop obtained a definite consensus on carbon balance of the coral reef system. 123 refs., 39 figs., 9 tabs.

  3. FY 1999 report on the results on analysis of protein functions; 1999 nendo tanpakushitsu kino kaiseki seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This project is aimed at construction of the intellectual infrastructures for biotechnologies, in order to accelerate development of the Japanese technologies and activate their application to industries. Described herein are the FY 1999 results. These infrastructures are for functional analysis of protein which will be one of the key issues in genome analysis, and collection and analysis of biological information. This project includes a total of 9 research and development themes for four research categories: frequency analysis of gene expression (development of the gene expression profile database system for functional analysis of human genome, and analysis of the gene expression and protein functions by the ECA chip technology), function analysis by the biological model (high-performance analysis by the bio-project, database system for drug metabolizing enzymes, analysis of gene functions using mutant mice, and simple genome function analysis of murine individuals using the RNAi effect), protein expression (function validation of unknown human genes based on the useful biological model, and protein function analysis using multi-purpose destination vectors), and protein function prediction by the information science method. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 2000 achievement report. Welfare technosystem research and development (Isahaya); 2000 nendo welfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Isahaya) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    As part of activities to assist blind people in living without help of others, efforts are made to develop a user interface for dactylologic training. For a success in this training, it is mandatory to design a user interface which allows easy extraction of information necessary for finger spelling expression out of the training contents in accordance with a dactylologic training curriculum. An interface is designed and fabricated for this purpose, which is equipped with functions enabling (1) easy viewing of sentences or words arranged side by side in ordinary Japanese and dactylologic Japanese, (2) easy viewing of each article of grammar related information for use in finger spelling, (3) flexibility to deal with various curriculums, (4) detecting and pointing out defects in dactylologic gestures, and (5) viewing of comparison between user's dactylologic gestures with model gestures. (NEDO)

  5. Report on evaluation for SRC-2 coal liquefaction project; SRC-II sekitan ekika project hyoka sagyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-10-01

    Among the EDS, H-Coal and SRC-2 lined up in the coal liquefaction project of the U.S., the SRC is aimed at producing 6,000 t/day as a module for a 30,000 t/day commercial plant. They expect Ash contents (iron, sulfur, etc.) in coal without basically using catalysts. The products are applicable to fuels for electricity and gas for the moment. In the element technology, there are some problems in manufacturing hydrogen by gasification of residuals as well as in slurry systems, reaction towers, etc.. In the 30,000 ton commercial plant, the coal-liquefied oil costs $19.89/bbl (price as of 1978) assuming coal costs $29.47; therefore, the feasibility is strong as a substitute for petroleum. Japan's share for the required funds will be 86.8 billion yen (if 250 yen per dollar). Since the kinds of coal are conceivably increased in number through the improvement of the process, the Pacific rim countries and these which lie on the Indian Ocean are assumed to be the major coal producing countries for Japan. The stability in storage of coal-liquefied oil is experimentally excellent, as is the compatibility with petroleum products for example. Great results can be expected in the technical know-how and the spread of element technology for Japan. (NEDO)

  6. Basic research report on regional new energy for Nagasaki Prefecture; Nagasakiken chiiki shin energy kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Nagasaki prefecture has been engaged in the two tasks of new energy basic research and new energy vision formulation for two years or in fiscal 1998 and 1999. The estimated value (described in Gcal/year) of the amount in existence of renewable energy includes 5,595,683 from photovoltaic power; 20,628,033 from passive solar use; 178,688 to 818,002 from wind power; 419,040 from seawater temperature difference; 210,923 from geothermal energy and hot water; 939,109 from direct combustion of biomass; and 40,695 from small- and medium-scale hydroelectric power. As for recyclable type of energy, there is 162,281 to 186,222 from refuse fueled power; 373,247 from waste heat out of refuse treatment; 204,682 to 1,181,952 from digestion gas out of sewage treatment gas; and 342,223 to 1,071,497 from utilization of water after sewage treatment. The above are categorized into electric power, heat utilization, and direct use as fuel in the process of estimating the amount of energy in existence (Gcal/year in terms of calorific value). As the result, the amount obtained for each of the said three categories is 6,198,568 to 7,839093 from electric power; 21,973,466 to 22,702,740 from heat utilization; and 1,587,620 from direct use as fuel. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Esophageal vocalization aid system; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shokudo hassei hojo sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Development has been made on element technologies for an esophageal vocalization aid system. With regard to the speaker, selection and trial production were performed on a speaker used for a phono-coupler to be used in coupling with a telephone transmitter. Performance not differing from that in the currently used telephone set was obtained in the overall characteristics evaluation using a dummy telephone circuitry. For the microphone, two kinds of hands-free microphones were fabricated on a trial basis. In order to develop pitch extraction and amplitude pitch conversion systems, pitch extraction performances were compared and discussed on the following five methods: the auto-correlation method, the Cepstram method, the average magnitude difference function (AMDF) method, the simplified inverse filter tracking (SIFT) method, and the time-domain excitation extractor using minimum perturbation operator (TEMPO) method. The hauling phenomenon, having come up as a problem in an auxiliary digital device, was analyzed to discuss methods for prevention thereof. In developing a voice/unvoiced distinction judgment method, a method using low domain power and high domain power was discussed. Development has been made on exclusive ICs, a voice analyzer, and the using feeling enhancing technology. In developing a total system, a digital unit incorporated esophageal vocalization aid system was developed and improved. (NEDO)

  8. Research report of fiscal 1997. Basic research on joint implementation for preventing global climate changes; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kyodo jisshi kiso chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research was made to promote Activities Implemented Jointly Japan Program. Joint Implementation (JI) is the methodology for preventing global climate changes by collaboration of countries. The countries take cooperative actions for reduction, absorption and fixation of greenhouse gases, and effectively distribute the reduction credits among relevant parties. This was decided in the first session of the Conference of Parties (COP) held in March, 1995. In COP3, Japan`s assigned reduction amount in 2008-2012 was determined as 6% of the emission level in 1990. The protocol defines JI between parties as dealings of emission reduction units, and JI between developing countries as clean development mechanism. The rules for a base line and credit distribution are necessary before full-scale implementation. Although JI is regarded as an important cost-effective project, it is important to decide where and how the JI projects should been promoted. The present state and issues of the primary approved project of Japan Program are arranged. In particular, various terms related to developing countries remain to be solved. 21 figs., 32 tabs.

  9. Report on investigation in fiscal 2000 related to improving APEC industrial technology indicators; 2000 nendo APEC sangyo gijutsu indicator seibi kanren chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to strengthen cooperation in the research and development field in the APEC areas, a database was structured on such data as research and development assistance institutions in each country, research and development budgets, human resources for research and development, such governmental regulations as research visa issuing procedure and foreign capital control, research and development trends in private business entities, major research and development organizations, and evaluation on research and development environment in private business entities. The introduction of the report describes the background of the investigation, and factors for internationalization of research and development. Trends were investigated on research and development in the eight nations; the Philippines, Thailand, Korea, China, Singapore, Taiwan and Malaysia. Specifically, investigations were made in China on the research and development statistics, research and development programs, investment trends, small to medium business entities, promotion of research and development, the result of the 1999 APEC investigation, computer software, computer net services, and electronic trading (e-commerce). In the Philippines, six items were investigated, such as the economy trends and prospects, the result of the 1999 APEC investigation, case studies, and small to medium business entities. (NEDO)

  10. Report on the geothermal development promotion survey. No.38. Mt. Aso West area; Chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa hokokusho. No. 38 Asozan seibu chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    The paper summed up the results of the geothermal development promotion survey 'Mt. Aso West area' which was carried out at Choyo village and Kugino village, Aso county, and at Otsu town, Kikuchi county, Kumamoto prefecture, from FY 1991 to FY 1994. In the survey, the following were conducted for the comprehensive analysis: surface survey such as geology/alteration zone survey, geochemical survey and high precision MT method survey, and temperature log, electrical log, water injection test, core test and hydrothermal survey by drilling 7 structural boreholes. In the numerical analysis of thermal structure models, the present geothermal manifestation was obtained, assuming that the past magma reservoir in a state of agglomeration/semi-agglomeration exists in the depths of caldera and that the depth is set at 4km. It is assumed that the deep hydrothermal reservoir around Yunoya/Tarutama exists around the depth of 500-600m below sea level and that the temperature is 230-300 degrees C. The meteoric water permeating into the depths forms high-temperature reservoirs around Yunoya/Tarutama. The reservoir rises up to about 400m below sea level to become a vapor-dominated phase. It forms an acidic SO{sub 4} type reservoir phase around the earth surface. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1998 annual report on the conversion of fuel at Igumnovskaya thermal power plant; Igumnovskaya hatsudensho nenryo tenkan 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    As part of the industrially advanced countries' joint action on the basis of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), a thermal power plant in Igumnovskaya (I-plant), Russia was selected as the candidate for rationalization by conversion of fuel from coal to natural gas and introduction of combined-cycle generation, for investigation of the effect on reduction of greenhouse gas generation. The I-plant is located in one of the Russia's largest chemical industry regions, supplying power and steam to the factories in the region. The draft rationalization plan adopts a combination of a coal-fired 300,000 kWh plant that has not been completed and obsolete facilities in the I-plant as the reference case. The plan is drafted to construct a 450,000 kWh combined cycle unit and 3-200 t/h boilers, while effectively utilizing the existing facilities. It requires an investment of US$340 million. The construction works are scheduled to start in 2002 for the initial start-up in 2004. It is expected to reduce CO2 emissions by 1.8 million tons a year and cumulatively 52.7 million tons in the 30-year period from 2005. (NEDO)

  12. Coal engineer training project for fiscal 1999. Report on general course training; 1999 nendo sekitan gijutsusha yosei jigyo. Ippan course kenshu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-19

    This report was made on the general course training in the coal engineer training project implemented in fiscal 1999. The training was conducted from June 7 through November 19 with total 7 participating trainees from an electric power company, mining company, etc.. In the training, the lectures were given by speakers from domestic coal related companies, universities, laboratories and the like at the University of International Resources, a foundation, for about three weeks. An English training was carried out by three instructors at the same University for about eleven weeks with the purpose of acquiring the linguistic ability required for overseas coal development. The joint seminar was conducted in Tokyo by inviting lecturers, two from Australia and one each from Canada and Indonesia. The training by visiting the domestic coal related companies was such that the overseas lecturers and trainees visited Matsushima Mining Co., the Electric Power Development Company, NKK Corp and others. The overseas study and training were performed on a 35 day schedule by visiting energy-related institutions, mining companies, railway companies, coal loading/unloading harbors, and thermal power stations in Canada, the U.S., and Australia. (NEDO)

  13. Report on the results of `the R and D of industrial technology information base arrangement`; `Sangyo gijutsu joho kiban seibi kenkyu kaihatsu` seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In relation to information processing in the open type research information networking, R and D were conducted to establish basic technologies such as grading-up, acceleration, enhancement of efficiency, diversification of application, promotion of usable data accumulation, etc. As to the R and D of software to promote sharing of research information, software was developed which can easily modify and renew management objects for users at research sites, etc., and the target was almost achieved. Concerning the R and D of information supply technology, an approach was presented whereby clients submit bids for each stream of the data requested and the admission decision is made so as to maximize gain of the session under network capacity constraints. Additionally, the R and D were made of software to construct an international information sharing system, a system for multi-lingual I/O, text manipulation and communication, and software for remote use of network based information for scientific computing. 138 refs., 125 figs., 33 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 2000 report on result of R and D of underground storage technology for carbon dioxide; 2000 nendo nisanka tanso chichu choryu gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-06-01

    This paper presents the fiscal 2000 results of R and D of underground storage technology for carbon dioxide. As basic experiments, a measurement apparatus was manufactured for simulating the pressure and temperature conditions in aquifers to measure the rate at which CO{sub 2} is dissolved in water and the reactivity between CO{sub 2} and rocks, with the basic performance verified. Methods were investigated and classified that monitor environmental impact and safety. For the purpose of anticipating the long-term behaviors of CO{sub 2} sequestered underground, a simulator was developed, extracting, from investigation of the literature, natural phenomena required for the anticipation. As the system studies, examination was conducted for analysis of the energy balance of the underground storage technology, rational design (safety and economy) of an entire system ranging from source to storage point, investigation from social and economic perspectives, and estimation of the effect of suppressing global warming. In the injection experiment, Minami-Nagaoka natural gas field was selected as a prospective experiment site from the characteristics of the cap rock and aquifer. One injection well was drilled to a depth of 1,230 m, with investigations performed such as physical well-logging and core sampling. Existing data were utilized in the simulation study of CO{sub 2} behavior underground during the injection period. The information of the basic geophysical survey/exploratory well by the Japan National Oil Corporation was collected and compiled, with the preliminary geological study undertaken in the areas described. (NEDO)

  15. Development of high-efficiency wastes-burning electric power generating technology. Volume 1. Report for fiscal 1999; Kokoritsu haikibutsu hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu 1999 nendo hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    This paper summarizes the achievements of developing a technology to generate electric power at high efficiency by using a combustion furnace that uses general wastes and combustible industrial wastes as fuel to generate high-temperature and high-pressure steam under a stabilized condition. In the developmental research of the combustion furnace, discussions were given on single-pass and double-pass type stalker furnaces, an internal circulation type fluidized bed furnace, and an external circulation type fluidized bed furnace, whereas technological prospects were established on any of them as the combustion furnace. In developing corrosion resistant super heater materials, demonstration tests were performed by using a pilot plant, corrosion mechanisms were elucidated, amount of corrosion in steam generating tubes was discussed, and corrosion life of super heaters was estimated. In developing a technology to reduce environmental load, developmental researches were carried out on a method to treat waste gases by using pulse plasma to have established nearly completely a waste gas treatment system technology. In the demonstration test using the pilot plant, the operation has started from February 1998, generating stably the steam conditions of 500 degrees C and 9.8 MPa, and the smooth operation has continued. (NEDO)

  16. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 in developing environment corresponding universal controller (Individual report edition); 1998 nendo kankyo taio universal controller no kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kobetsu hokokuhen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Research and development has been performed on an 'environment corresponding universal controller (UC)' that realizes 'easiness of use and energy conservation' in correspondence with household electric appliances. This paper summarizes the reports by themes. The summarized development themes include: 'development of a bi-directional controller and TV interface', 'development of a bi-directional remote controller, an infrared ray to radio converter, and an air conditioner corresponding to the bi-directional remote controller', 'development of a UC corresponding air conditioner, and electric power cable transporting gateway', 'development of a universal controller and a control box', and 'development of an energy saving wiring system for the UC remote controller'. This paper also summarizes the works done by research participating departments of each corporation, such as development of UC corresponding video and TV sets (Sanyo Electric), development of UC corresponding TV sets (Toshiba), development of a UC corresponding DVD player (Japan Victor and Victor Techno-brain), and development of a UC relay box and a control box for the existing HA system (PANA R and D). (NEDO)

  17. Report for fiscal 1998 on the international joint research project of medical welfare equipment; Iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In connection with the international joint research project of medical welfare, a report was made on the results of the investigation conducted in 1998 concerning the technology of overseas medical welfare equipment. In the investigation of china, observation was made on the actual state of the representative medial institutions, with opinions exchanged. Obsolete equipment and old technology are the present state in China, which is strongly desirous of exchanging information with Japan. In Taiwan, being full of venture spirit, an ultrasonic thermal treatment apparatus and an ultrasonic echo device have been produced for example. In Europe, an observation tour was conducted on a German manipulator and process robot while an investigative visit and exchange of opinions were made on the living environment and facilities in Italian training center for physically handicapped persons. Japan's self-supporting and assisting system for excretion attracted many questions and comments. In the investigation in the U.S., views were exchanged concerning '{sup 13}C-MRS device for non-invasion brain metabolic measurement' in research institutions such as universities. A machine developed in Japan received a high evaluation in that {sup 13}C spectrum was obtained from a substantial depth. (NEDO)

  18. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on development of technology to evaluate reliability of petroleum refining facilities; 2000 nendo sekiyu seisei setsubi shinraisei hyoka nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This paper reports the achievements in fiscal 2000 in development of a technology to evaluate reliability of petroleum refining facilities. The development efforts were made mainly on analyses by simulation and neural net (NN) that utilize computers. In the high-temperature system facilities, the creep damage generation is governed by different factors including impurities. The evaluation on joint life requires simultaneous use of low temperature zone long-time test. Verification was made on application of non-destructive inspection, such as use of ultrasonic waves in the accelerated creep zone. Defect detecting capability was identified when an ultrasonic wave flaw detection model is used for buried piping. In the pulse eddy current flaw detection, a coil most superb in totality was selected by means of simulation, by which corrosion and wall thickness of piping and devices were detected from outside the sheathing materials. Development was made on a technology to diagnose and evaluate corrosion of tank in operation by using the AE method. The remaining life of transformers is determined by how seriously the coil insulating paper has been deteriorated, and furfural in the oil was found effective for the parameters. Particularly, application of the NN was revealed to be effective in estimating electric motor deterioration. A high-temperature sulfide corrosion rate estimating model was developed from the operation and measurement data of the facilities by applying the NN and TCBM. (NEDO)

  19. Survey report on the development/utilization of petroleum substitution energy in the Pacific region; Taiheiyo chiiki sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu riyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper collected/analyzed data on petroleum substitution energy in the Pacific region. In fiscal 1996, in addition to collection of the existing energy data, conducted were collection of energy data made retroactive from 1971, and time-series collection of the energy related expanded data including energy related production statistics/social statistics, energy consumption amount by industry, power generation facilities, oil production facilities, and environmental data. As to petroleum substitution energy, the paper took up new energy such as hydroelectric, nuclear, geothermal, photovoltaic, and wind power generation, and commercial-base renewable energy. As a result of the analysis, the supply of petroleum substitution energy in the whole Pacific region has been stable, 6.6% during 1980-1990, 7.4% in the first half of the 1990s, largely over the primary energy supply. The supply of nuclear power was overwhelmingly large, followed by hydroelectric energy and geothermal/new energy. 15 figs., 23 tabs.

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on development of technologies to reduce pollutants in oil refining; 2000 nendo sekiyu seisei osen busshitsu teigen nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development has been made on technologies to reduce sulfur content in light oil and on optimization of light oil quality. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the study of enhancing the desulfurization rate in gas oil deep hydrodesulfurization process, it was found that NiHY zeolite having Ni introduced by using the ion exchange method shows stable activity, whereas the target of sulfur content of 50 ppm or lower was achieved by adding the third constituent and by optimizing the impregnation solution to pH3. In the study of the Ni, Mo/alumina catalyst, the desulfurization activity was enhanced by optimization of carrier pore size to 120 to 140 angstroms and by addition of phosphorus and silica, having the target of sulfur content of 50 ppm or lower achieved. In the research of manufacturing low-sulfur light oil using heavy oil desulfurization and hydrocracking, optimization was performed on the catalyst used in the latter stage of heavy oil desulfurization, and evaluation was given on the performance in combination of commercially available hydrometallation catalyst/middle part HDS catalyst/bottom part HDS catalyst. As a result, achievement of the target of sulfur content in the desulfurized light oil of 300 ppm or lower was verified. Life evaluation test is in continuation on the heavy oil hydrocracking catalyst. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on research and development of solid electrolyte fuel cells; Kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu 1997 nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    This paper describes the achievements in fiscal 1997 on research and development of solid electrolyte fuel cells. Fuji Electric has demonstrated possibilities of film type cells of predominantly metallic flat plate supporting type of a large-area cell lamination system, and seal-less stack structure. Sanyo Electric has discussed making thinner the composite cell lamination type anode, optimization in sintering temperature, and sealing materials. The Fine Ceramic Center has performed a 1,000-hour test on an La(Sr) MnO{sub 3}-YSZ electrode, in which A-site defect amount was decreased to 0.1-0.02 to stabilize micro-structure air electrodes for an extended period of time. Fujikura has discussed functional materials for high dispersion and slanting in a fuel electrode Ni/YSZ. Mitsubishi Heavy Industries has fabricated MgO-based fuel electrodes on a trial basis, and performed internal reformation and power generation tests by using full-size stacks. Murata Manufacturing Company has verified long-term power generation properties and stability of a three-layered co-sintered film of flat plate type. Mitsui Shipbuilding has reached a near final conclusion on the basic structure of gas separator cells. The Central Electric Power Research Institute has completed a conceptual design on a 300-MW class composite power generation system in which SOFC and gas turbines are combined. The Electric Power Development Company has discussed problems in SOFC composite power generation development using coal gasified fuel. (NEDO)

  2. Fiscal 1996 report on technological results. R and D on micromachine technology; 1996 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Researches on basic element technology of micromachines are conducted that operate autonomously in a narrow small part in a complicated apparatus or in vivo. The areas of activity are (1) research on micromachine systems, (2) a subminiature liquid synthesizing system, and (3) comprehensive investigation and research. In (1), the researches were carried out on the miniaturization and functional combination of a micro laser catheter and a micro tactile sensor catheter, which are the primary components of a coeliac diagnostic and therapeutic system, a 'micro catheter for cerebral blood vessel/treatment', as a micromachine system in the medical field. In (2), R and D was conducted on a system element technology assuming it contributed to a subminiature liquid synthesizing system capable of preparing various liquids including pharmaceuticals accurately with a trace amount. In (3), examination was made on the application area of a micromachine system with priority given to a medical field and also on technological subjects to be tapped, as well as on the contents of (2), with a device installed for evaluating the operating characteristic of a distribution type fluid actuator as needed for the development. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1998 annual report on the research and development of superhigh-sensitivity photocurrent conversion devices; 1998 nendo chokokando koden henkan soshi ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Described herein are research and development of superhigh-sensitivity photocurrent conversion devices. The huge photocurrent multiplication effect exhibited by a thin film of organic pigment semiconductor is expected to be applicable to various new devices, e.g., superhigh-sensitivity, intelligent optical sensor families and photocurrent devices. Photocurrent multiplier thin films of perylene is prepared by an ionized cluster beam method, to evaluate their structures and photocurrent characteristics as the basic knowledge for controlling their characteristics by the ion engineering procedures. Photocurrent multiplier thin films of new, two-layer structure are developed, and improvement and stabilization of their characteristics are studied. Increasing sensing sensitivity by, e.g., introduction of p-n junction and reducing dark current resulting from the light memory effect are found to be effective to improve the S/N ratio. An organic EL light-emitting layer capable of positive/negative feedback, as one of the elementary techniques for realizing intelligent devices, is made on a trial basis and evaluated for its characteristics, and studied for its application to photocurrent multiplier thin films. Functional devices in which the arithmetic and controlling functions of the thin films are utilized are also studied. (NEDO)

  4. Report on the general course training of the fiscal 1996 coal engineer training program; 1996 nendo sekitan gijutsusha yosei jigyo ippan course kenshu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-12-01

    The paper reported the general training of the fiscal 1996 coal engineer training program supported by NEDO. In Japan, where natural resource is poor, it is important to transfer from its petroleum dependence energy structure to the system for new energy development and dispersed energy supply. Coal resource is distributed widely in the world and is expected to spread in the future as a main substitute for petroleum. Worldwide attention is much paid to coal supply/demand and environmental problems, but the situation surrounding coal is not necessarily favorable. Under these conditions, Japan is a prominent coal importing country and is on the world-top level in terms of coal utilization technology. Japan has heavy responsibility and needs to play a leading role in adjusting and solving various problems on coal both domestically and internationally. Under the circumstances, 7 persons who are engaged in the coal related business and expected to be in future (3 from the mining relation and 4 from electric power comapanies) participated in the training this fiscal year and received the top-level training in Japan and overseas. 20 figs., 3 tabs.

  5. Report on the fiscal 1996 research cooperation promotion project, `the research cooperation diagnosis survey`; 1996 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo `kenkyu kyoryoku shindan chosa` hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A diagnosis survey was conducted for Japan to cooperate in researching subjects on technical development in developing countries. In fiscal 1996, surveys were made on the following: (1) establishment of the industrial base (Vietnam), (2) preservation of biological diversification and the continuous utilization (Brazil), (3) fostering of the industry of automobile parts (Thailand), (4) finding out of items on environment related fields (India), (5) environmental response type system for effective use of water resource (the Philippines), (6) small size geothermal exploration in remote islands (Indonesia). (1) is research cooperation for welding technology, powder metallurgy technology, hypoid gear manufacturing technology, and iron making technology by the direct reduction method. In (2), research/development are conducted in cooperation with research institutes in Brazil on survey/identification/utilization of bioactive substances from biological resources in Brazil. In (4), an examination was made of the seeds for research cooperation in technical fields such as environment and energy. Having a strong relation with the industrial circle, SCIR is carrying out researches on aerospace, petrochemical, biology, electronics, medicines/drug, etc., which indicated fulfillment of intellectual infrastructure in India. 52 figs.

  6. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the verification survey of a new load leveling method; Fuka heijunka shinshuho jissho chosa (1997 nendo seika hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A study was conducted of a practical applicability of the electric double layer capacitor as a new electric power storage technique. In the study, a comparison was made between the capacitor system and the NAS battery which is most commercialized as one for power storage of all the secondary batteries. The capacitor system is excellent in cycle life, system efficiency, and safety/environment, but in energy density it is approximately a tenth of that of the NAS battery so far. The capacitor system, however, is high in filling rate in modules and enables compact design. As to the 35 fabricated electric double layer capacitor cells, the following tests were carried out: charge and discharge, internal resistance measurement, energy density measurement, characteristics of charge/discharge efficiency, self-discharge characteristics, and characteristics of circumferential temperature. As a result of the tests, the cell with volume energy density of 16.4-16.8 Wh/L was fixed to the module with a filling rate of about 93% and achieved an energy density of 15 Wh/L. 26 refs., 175 figs., 75 tabs.

  7. FY 1999 report on the results of the technology development of next-generation chemical process; 1999 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The R and D were conducted on the naphtha catalytic cracking, selective oxidation reaction of saturated hydrocarbon, new reaction mechanism utilization process, etc., as next-generation chemical process technology in FY 1999, and the results were summarized. As to the technology of naphtha catalytic cracking, developed was La203/p/ZMS-5 zeolite catalyst which is high in cracking activity and high in light-olefin selectivity. By the FS, it was confirmed that this is more excellent in case of the fixed bed reactor than in the present process. Concerning the technology of selective oxidation reaction of saturated hydrocarbon, the basic information/knowledge were obtained about the construction of catalytic principle toward the high selective catalytic partial oxidation, elucidation of a reaction mechanism in alkane oxidation and design of high functional catalysts, elucidation of a mechanism in butan oxidation, synthesis of alkane selective oxidation catalysts, etc. In relation to the technology of new reaction mechanism utilization process, the following were carried out: study of ethyl benzene dehydrogenation using the membrane reactor trially fabricated in the previous fiscal year, development of high efficiency hydrogen penetration membranes and low temperature high activity catalysts, study of the new process by membrane reactor. (NEDO)

  8. Report of results of contract research. 'Research on magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) generation'; MHD hatsuden system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-03-01

    Examination was conducted in detail on an MHD generation system by coal combustion, with the results reported. Concerning a gas table calculation program in coal combustion, it was prepared assuming 100% slag removal ratio in the combustor as the primary approximation. A combustor for MHD generation needs to efficiently burn fuel using high temperature pre-heated air as the oxidant, to fully dissociate/electrolytically dissociate seed, and to supply to the generation channel a high speed combustion gas plasma having a high electrical conductivity which is required for MHD generation. This year, an examination was conducted on technological problems in burning coal in an MHD combustor. As for the NOx elimination system in an MHD generation plant, an examination was made if the method studied so far in MHD generation using heavy oil as the fuel is applicable to coal. Also investigated and reviewed were various characteristics, change in physical properties, recovery method, etc., in a mixed state of seed and slag in the case of coal combustion MHD. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1998 research achievement report. Project for promoting development of super-advanced electronic technology; 1998 nendo chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing super-advanced technologies two generations ahead in the field of electronics and information, research and development was carried out involving ultrafine machining process technology, technologies of ultimate measuring, analysis, and control, and technologies of electronic materials equipped with novel functions. In the study of writing systems in which writing is performed directly by an electron beam, writing technologies using electron beams under single-column and multi-column systems were taken up. In the study of ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning systems, studies were made about equimultiple ultrashort wavelength and reduced ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning. In the study of ultrahigh precision shielding systems, studies involved high precision in situ measurement and control of writing distortion, and ultrahigh precision and high current density electronic optical technologies. Also carried out were research and development of technologies of super-advanced plasma measurement, analysis, and control, technology of cleaning by ultrafine particle control, technology of ultrahigh sensitivity medium, and technologies of new functional elements and film fabrication. In the overall research and survey, surveys were conducted of the trends of development of technology of semiconductor related lithography. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1998 annual report on the fourth international forum on environmental catalysis (IFEC 99); Dai 4 kai kankyo shokubai kokusai forum (IFEC '99) 1998 nendo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The 4th international forum on environmental catalysis, held in January 1999 in Chemical Society of Japan's Hall, had a total attendees exceeding 170, including 10 foreign attendees invited. A total of 20 papers (including 10 by foreign attendees) were presented, discussing diversified problems; 3 keynote addresses regarding (to what extent environmental catalyst can contribute); and 5 for the session of catalysts for clean processes, 6 for the session of eco-friendly chemistry, and 8 for the session of environmental catalysts for air pollution. The lectures included (global environmental problems and environmental catalysts) by Prof. Segawa of Sophia University as the opening address; solid base catalysts by Prof. Ono of Tokyo Institute of Technology in the session of (catalysts for clean processes); activation of dioxygen by transition metal complexes-new approach to highly selective catalytic oxidation with molecular oxygen by Prof. Moro-oka of Tokyo Institute of Technology in the session of (Eco-friendly chemistry; and environmental catalysts-present and future as the comprehensive review by Prof. Misono of University of Tokyo in the session of (environmental catalysts for air pollution). (NEDO)

  11. FY 2000 report on the results of the R and D of fundamental technologies for semi conductivity applications; 2000 nendo chodendo oyo kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    In relation to the project on the R and D of fundamental technologies for semi conductivity applications, the FY 2000 results were summed up. As to the study of the high temperature superconductivity mechanism, it was found out that a theoretical model of the strong scattering limit in d-wave superconductor can be used for the breaking of superconductivity due to Zn impurities. Concerning the study of the critical current mechanism, the elucidation was proceeded with of the magnetic flux pinning and grain-boundary conduction mechanism. Relating to the development of element technology of bulks with great electromagnetic force, the mechanical strength of superconducting bulk materials was raised to 100MPa or more by the epoxy resin impregnation method. As to the development of the basic technology for fabrication of high next-generation current conductors, the expansion was confirmed of conditions for growing single grains in the zone-melt process for very fine filaments. About the development of technology of single crystal substrates, in the development of the pseudo single crystalline film growth process by LPE method, a yield ratio of high quality crystal of 63% was achieved. Concerning the development of technology of thin film/multi-layer, the area of uniform composition/thickness of NdBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-x} MOCVD films was enlarged up to 20mm square. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1998 research report on the feasibility study on energy conservation of Zaporozhye steelworks; Zaporozhye seitetsusho sho energy 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the Japan-Russia joint project, this report summarizes the feasibility study results on improvement of waste heat recovery at blast furnace hot stoves (recovery of sensible heat of exhaust gas by water or other heat media, and use of preheating combustion air and fuel gas), improvement of the thermal efficiency of slabbing soaking furnaces (optimization of burner combustion by improving control of an air fuel ratio, and heat patterns in heating), and other operational improvement for Zaporozhye steelworks, Ukraine (2,370,000t/y in crude steel production). As the field survey result, various other energy-saving issues were found in addition to the above 2 themes. 9 projects thus were identified in blast furnace, steel making, rolling and energy fields as follows: improvement of combustion control at hot stoves, waste heat recovery equipment for hot stoves, blast furnace top pressure recovery turbine (TRT) power generation equipment, blast furnace top gas recovery equipment, changeover from an open hearth furnace to a basic oxygen furnace, adoption of continuous casting, improvement of slab yield in slabbing, shortening of a track time, drop of insertion temperature in direct hot charge rolling, and the gas turbine cogeneration plant. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Research and development of simplified dioxin analyzing technology, etc.; 1998 nendo dioxin kan'i bunseki gijutsu nado kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A simplified method is developed, which measures dioxins in flue gas without using GC/MS (gas chromatography/mass spectrometry) of the double focusing type. The sampling device is built of two collecting bottles, containing water and diethylene glycol, and uses no XAD-2 (cross-linked amberlight divinyl benzene) resin. Such a design does not need time consuming Soxlet extraction in the sampling process and shortens the processing time. An HPLC (high performance liquid chromatography) system replaces the convenient column chromatography system in the cleanup process, and this enables automation and rapid treatment. For the measurement of toxicity equivalent, GC/MS is used to separate and quantify 17 kinds of toxic isomers as in the conventional method. The GC/MS is of the quadruple focusing type, however, and this reduces the device cost at the initial stage and shortens the time for operators to acquire the skills of maintenance and operation. Though the quadruple focusing type is inferior to the double focusing type in sensitivity, the shortcoming is compensated for by massive specimen injection using a PTV (programmable temperature vaporizer). The result of a JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) method and the result of this newly developed method are found to agree excellently with each other. This method is simple and efficient, suitable for use in the analysis of small incinerator flue gas. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Green Helmet Project (China, Steel industry - Coal moisture control facilities); 1999 nendo green helmet jigyo (Chugoku seitetsugyo) sekitan choshitsu setsubi chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of meeting the needs of Chinese steelmaking corporations disclosed at an energy conservation diagnosing session of a Japan-China steelmaking energy conservation seminar held in July 1999, Japanese specialists were sent to Chinese steelmaking plants, namely, Benxi Iron and Steel (Group) Complex, Wuhan Iron and Steel (Group) Company, and Nanjing Iron and Steel Works. They described the CMC (coal moisture control) technique for its popularization and for effectively utilizing the same for coke ovens. Also, feasibility studies were conducted for CMC installation at the respective plants. Engineers were invited from the Chinese plants to Japan for the observation of associated facilities and for the exchange of opinions. As the result, leading members of the Chinese steelmaking plants now learned the usefulness of CMC. In the feasibility studies, CMC installation led to a reduction in dry distillation energy, that is, a reduction in the amount of fuel gas required, to an improvement on coke production, and to the selection of the fluidized bed dryer as the optimum system. At Chungching Iron and Steel Works, the existing CMC facilities were not in continuous operation because of an inclined conveyer failure, yet there was a strong will to utilize the CMC technique. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Green Helmet Project (China, Sintering in steel industry); 1999 nendo green helmet jigyo (Chugoku seitetsugyo shoketsu) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A sinter cooler waste heat recovery system was installed and put to use at Taiyuan Iron and Steel Company in 1997. For the popularization of the system and technology, installation feasibility studies were conducted for Chungching Iron and Steel Company, Laiwu Iron and Steel, and Chiuchuan Iron and Steel Company. At Laiwu, studies were under way for the adoption of a China-manufactured system. At Chungching and Chiuchuan, there was a strong will to accept Japanese systems. Although a full investment/profit analysis including the cost of facilities remains to be carried out, it was concluded that the two steelmaking plants would be worth investment. The problems were how to raise funds and how much to invest. Although the system was simple and inexpensive under a Chinese design and was in a fairly wide use, it was found that it was not necessarily sufficient in heat recovering performance, service life, and capacity. A level of steam production to enable recovery in the form of electric power would be difficult to achieve, and the use of the resultant power would be limited only to in-house consumption of a small scale. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1996 annual report of investigation on biological fixation of carbon dioxide. 2; 1996 nendo seibutsuteki CO2 kotei ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Various kinds of biological fixation processes of CO2 were evaluated from the various viewpoints. Afforestation of tropical and temperate areas, greening of desert, biomass energy production in these areas by energy plantation, coastal mangrove plantation, fertilization with nitrogen and phosphate to outer ocean and coastal, upwelling zone fertilization with iron, and coral reef expansion combined with OTEC (ocean thermal energy conversion) were comparatively investigated as the selected measures. As a result, the cost of CO2 fixation by cultivation of sea weed and plankton was much higher than that of afforestation. The iron fertilization method which was considered to be one of the high CO2 reduction potentials might be economical. However, its effect could not be quantitatively evaluated. The afforestation of tropical and temperate areas seemed to be most feasible in a short term from the viewpoints of economy and environment. It was suggested that the establishment of a systematic water management technology could make greening and afforestation of desert. 76 refs., 27 figs., 28 tabs.

  17. Report on the field test project for wind power development at Matsushima (wind characteristics investigation); Matsushima ni okeru furyoku kaihatsu field test jigyo (fukyo seisa) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    The test was conducted at Matsushima, Oseto Town, Nishisonogi-gun, Nagasaki Prefecture, for a year. The annual average wind speed is 4.3m/s at 20m above ground, lower than the reference value (5.8m/s). Wind speed variation is great in the cold season and small in the warm season, which is typical of Japan's climate. A maximum instantaneous wind speed to exceed wind turbine system wind-resisting capacity is not likely to occur. At the site selected for investigation, there is no manifestly prevailing wind direction, and caution needs to be exercised relative to mutual interference in case plural wind turbine systems are built. The exponential value in the wind speed vertical distribution is 7.1. The turbulence intensity index is 0.14 (for 4.0m/s or higher), which indicates a relatively small scale. As for wind energy density, it is short of the level indicated by U.S. Department of Energy. Wind turbines of 150 kW, 300 kW, and 750 kW are assumed, and they all work beyond NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) indicated operating rates, and will also satisfy NEDO indicated capacity ratios when their wattage is higher than 300 kW. Although Matsushima is not necessarily an excellent place for wind power development in view of the annual average wind speed, it is concluded that possibilities are that Matsushima will satisfy the requisites for a wind power development site if large wind turbine systems with the hub positioned high are introduced. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the fiscal 1995 research cooperation promotion project, `the research cooperation diagnosis survey`; 1995 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo `kenkyu kyoryoku shindan chosa` hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A diagnosis survey was conducted for Japan to cooperate in researching subjects on technical development in developing countries. In fiscal 1995, surveys were made on the following: (1) recycling technology of biomass industrial waste in the tropical region, (2) small size geothermal exploration in remote islands, (3) waste water recycling system using activated carbon, etc., (4) upgrading of proofreading technology of measuring standards, (5) technology to simply set up conditions for forming engineering plastics, (6) assessment of safety of chemical substances. In (1), energy and useful matters are recovered from oil palm of Indonesia by thermal decomposition technology. In (2), a system is constructed which can effectively explore geothermal energy in remote islands in the east Indonesia. As to (3), a survey is conducted in the Philippines. (4) contributes to upgrading of length measuring standards in Thailand. (5) attempts to improve technology of forming engineering plastics. In (6), research cooperation is made for preventing environmental pollution and health damage by chemical substances from happening in Thailand and for technology for assessing safety of chemical substances which contributes to the proper use of the hazardous material law in Thailand. 28 figs.

  19. FY 1998 annual report on the surveys on high-efficiency power generation techniques of the next generation; 1998 nendo jisedai kokoritsu hatsuden gijutsu ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Comprehensive surveys on and assessment of seeds of the high-efficiency power generation techniques of the next generation, both domestic and overseas, are conducted to help propose preliminary national research themes. In FY 1998, the survey efforts are directed not only to the trends of those for industrial power generation under development, e.g., combined cycle, coal-gasification combined cycle and pressurized fluidized bed combined cycle, but also to the trends of newly proposed systems, e.g., humid air combined cycle, methane reforming combined cycle, fuel reforming/humid air combined cycle, fuel reforming/fuel cell combined cycle and micro gas turbine, to further enhance efficiency by integration with a gas turbine power generation system. The efforts are also directed to (new power generation techniques in the basic research stage) being studied mainly by academic and research organizations, and to development trends of new power generation techniques under development by private enterprises, mainly based on the patent survey. (NEDO)

  20. Report on survey in fiscal 1998 for preservation of Jozankei Spa (second report); 1998 nendo Jouzankei onsen hozen chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    This paper describes the report on the survey in fiscal 1998 for preservation of Jozankei Spa (the second report). The hot spring area is located on the periphery of relative elevation area on the western side of a fault growing on the boundary of dikes constituting the lower part of the Jozankei quartz porphyry, with the fault forming a boundary. The fault peripheral beds have cracks develop nearly parallel to the fault. The low specific resistance anomaly extracted at underground depth from 100 to 500 m in the area south of the hot spring gushing area forms the clay alteration zone around the hot spring water and cracks arising from the opening type cracks formed around the weak lines of dikes, faults, and surface of unconformity. The hot spring originated water having risen and passed through fractures from deep underground section stagnates in these crack groups, and forms hot spring aquifer. The water is considered to have such nature as temperature of 120 degrees C, chlorine at 1,600 mg/l and tritium concentration of 2.1 to 2.5 TU. The water is characterized by eluation constituents from the Usubetsu bed. The hot spring water in the aquifer rises passing through the opening cracks in the upper part, wherein the water not mixing with ground water does not have the constituents change, and the mixed water changes the nature of the hot spring water. In the surface layer, the water flows through intersecting joints growing around the fracture, and gushes out of the ground. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1998 'Plant Biotechnology in the 21st Century' workshop report; '21 seiki no shokubutsu biotechnology' workshop 1998 nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The workshop was opened with the opening remarks by Yamada (President of Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NIST)), the overview of plant biotechnology in the 21st century from academia by Shinmyo (Professor of NIST), and the overview of such technology from Ministry of International Trade and Industry by Katao (Chief of Chemical Industry Division). Lectures and discussions of various topics were conducted for 2 days as follows. The effectiveness of a genomic DNA array method for obtaining the genes for switching genes according to daytime, nighttime, drying, salt, high temperature and low temperature for every plant. Current transfer technology of large DNA fragments into plant cell nuclei and chloroplast. Biological evaluation of the physiological functions and complex stress tolerance capacity transformed by transferring complex stress tolerance genes and useful genes for productivity improvement and value addition. Discussion was also held on the importance of a basic research for biotechnology in the 21st century. (NEDO)

  2. 1998 Annual Study Report. Standardization for compatibility between home information devices; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Joho kaden kikikan no sogo setsuzokusei kakuho no tame no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Wide-band POF covering Gbps as a Japan-made R and D fruit will be commercialized in the near future. It is very important to make an international standard specification for the transmission by the aid of the wide-band POF, which would be basically the standard for the future home networks. The efforts in this year were directed to finding the optimum parameters for widening the band, for which the necessary characteristics related to, e.g., transmission band and bending loss were measured and evaluated, and the specifications covering a certain range were established. The wide POF system is considered to provide the first chance of the optical transmission systems going into homes on a large scale, and the service conditions and regulations for use in homes have been comprehensively studied. These efforts have begun with collection of the measured data in consideration of operating optical elements represented by LD's, their peripheral circuits and the transmitter/receiver assemblies in which they are mounted at S400 or more. Each of the light emitting and receiving sections, including their peripheral circuits, were measured and evaluated, where they were mainly operated at a short wavelength of 650 nm, which is the same as that for the DVD. (NEDO)

  3. International symposium on environmental impacts of advanced alternative to CFC; CFC shinki daitai busshitsu no kankyo eikyo ni kansuru kokusai symposium hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-02-07

    The international symposium on environmental effects of new CFC substitutes was held in Tsukuba City, Ibaraki Pref. on February 7-9, 1996, and 19 papers were made public. In Session 1 (Plenary lecture), reports were made on Global warming and climate change: a review of recent studies; Stratospheric ozone, CFCs, and CFC-substitutes: an update, etc. In Session 2, Measurements of OH rate constants for advanced refrigerants as well as HCFCs and HFCs; The reaction rate of CFC alternatives with OH radical; Experimental and estimated rate constants: reactions of hydroxyl radicals with several halocarbons, etc. In Session 3, Measurement of uptake coefficients of some acetyl halides and fluorinated ethers into water; Mass transfer at the air/water interface: removal processes of halocarbonyl compounds; Heterogeneous reactions of fluorinated ethers on allophane or titanium dioxide, etc. In Session 4, papers were reported on model calculations relating to the global warming.

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1999. FS surveys to excavate international joint research seeds; 1999 nendo kokusai kyodo kenky seeds hakkutsu no tame no FS chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The FS surveys to excavate international joint research seeds are intended to promote international joint researches, whereas surveys have been carried out in fiscal 1999 on eight themes covering as wide scope as new energies, resource conservation, energy conservation, environment preservation, functional materials, information communication technologies, and bio-technologies. The eight themes are: researches on energy conservation in petroleum and petrochemical industries by using advanced distillation processes (to develop an internal heat exchange type distillation column, and realize energy conservation exceeding the minimum reflux status being the limitation of conventional energy saving means), researches on treatment of hard-to-decompose chemical substances by utilizing surface reformation by means of discharge, a new process monitoring technology (process tomography), establishment of human immortalization cells due to co-manifestation of mortalin and telomerase and elucidation of their structure, a remote maintenance technology using integrated type sensors, application of new heat resistant plastics to photo and electronic materials, preparation processes of petroleum catalysts utilizing in situ XAFS, elucidation and design of the structure of the ultra-micro metal activation point in the reaction process, and surveys on necessity of developing a continuous and massive separation system of high-level energy and resource saving type using liquid-liquid distribution. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1998 R and D report on environment-friendly hydrogen production technology; Kankyo chowagata suiso seizo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1998 nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For efficient oil-free environment-friendly production of hydrogen necessary for oil refining process and effective use of CO{sub 2}, this project develops the efficient hydrogen production techniques by using a capacity of microorganisms. On the R and D on improvement of screening and breeding for photosynthetic microorganisms, introduction of different hydrogenases, acquisition of hydrogen uptake negative strains, control of photosynthetic pigment expression, breeding of PHB synthesis negative strains were carried out continuously, and some problems were arranged confirming the contribution to increasing a hydrogen production capacity. On the R and D on large-scale cultivation techniques, engineering data were collected by using a module continuously. Based on the engineering data collected by the module test, the feasibility study was made on a possibility as industrial technology from the viewpoint of a profitability and environmental harmony. Screening of bacterial strains suitable for 4 kinds of wastewater and capable of producing hydrogen under extreme conditions, and basic studies on photoreactor and cultivation technique were conducted by outside research organizations. (NEDO)

  6. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Akita research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Akita) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the development of wooden bathtubs, emphasis is laid upon shapes that allow unaided entry, safety, the touch, cost, etc. In the case of wheelchairs, evaluation items include the user's attitude on the seat, seat pressure and back pressure, and operation for driving. The on-the-seat attitudes of aged and handicapped people and seat pressure distribution are measured, and studies are made for wheelchairs and cushions that will reflect the obtained results. It is found that the average body pressure decreases when the supporting area increases in beds and mattresses. In relation to walking stick handles, various types are manufactured with a view to meeting each of the individual physiques and uses. Another effort relates to clothes to be worn outdoors with comfort. A welfare equipment evaluation method is proposed, which uses the {alpha} wave occurrence rate. It is learned that tension rises in a patient in the absence of a helper when going downstairs. Concerning the reform of residences, studies are conducted with a view to giving consultations about reform, planning, construction work, and maintenance. Also studied are in-house human behavior and facility construction, and comfortable bedding. Concerning the transportable toilet, voices are strong for physiological comfort, deodorization, and toilet seat heater. In relation to the Internet, a system is studied to help handicapped people refer to Web sites. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1991 Report on the results of the researches on nonlinear photoelectronic materials; 1991 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    The nonlinear optics with light-light conversion and electro-optical effects are expected to be the optical materials of the next generation for their functions of, e.g., conversion of the infrared laser beams into visual light, and optical switching. The efforts are directed to development of the procedures for exploring and designing various raw materials, and technologies for synthesizing the raw materials and for producing and evaluating the materials, in order to develop highly nonlinear, high-speed responding materials. Three areas are studied; for the organic materials, the chiral nonlinear effects are demonstrated and the new procedure for determining electrical susceptibility ({gamma}) is developed; for the dispersed materials, highly nonlinear susceptibility of glass dispersed with fine particles of semiconductors, e.g., CuCl, is realized, and possibility of controlled dispersion of fine semiconductor particles in an organic polymer is established; and for development of the superlattice-based materials, the layered structures of thin organic superlattice films are studied, the thin semiconductor films of high purity and little defects are prepared, and development of the three-dimensional structures is started. The individual researches are conducted, 3 for the organic materials, 4 for the dispersed materials, and 2 for the superlattice-based materials. The targets of susceptibility and response are 10{sup -8}esu or more and 10ps or less, respectively. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1999 Advanced research and development project under New Sunshine Project. Study on supercritical solvolysis reaction; 1999 nendo chorinkai ryutai riyo gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The research and development project is implemented for the chemical processes which utilize supercritical fluids, in order to establish the basic technologies for the environment-friendly chemical processes. For the solvolysis, the conditions under which plastics are hydrolyzed in supercritical water are investigated, and the basic data are obtained for the optimum conditions under which thermoplastic resins are hydrolyzed. The mechanisms involved in hydrolysis of polymers in supercritical water are elucidated to some extent. The environment-friendly process for synthesizing polycarbonate in supercritical carbon dioxide gas is investigated, and the continuous flow sheets are established for securing almost 100% conversion in the presence of an inexpensive catalyst. For the oxidation, the tests are conducted to burn low-grade coal in supercritical water, and the conditions under which it is burnt without releasing acid and toxic gases are found. For the hydrogenation, heavy fuel oil is treated in supercritical water to produce the lighter products. The conditions under which light oils and gases are produced are clarified, and the basic data are obtained for producing light gases from the resultant coke as the by-product. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2000 report of investigation. Analysis of IEA/GHG related materials; 2000 nendo IEA/GHG kannren shiryo bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Documents relating to development of technologies for countermeasures against global warming at IEA (International Energy Agency) were translated and arranged. They are: Industrial uses of biomass energy - the example of Brasil - (Chapter 9, New technologies for modern biomass energy carriers) Arnaldo Walter et al.; Wood for energy production, technology - environment - economy (The Center for Biomass Technology, Denmark, 1999); The geological storage of CO2 in saline aquifers workshop (April 4-5, 2000, Nordwijkerhout, Netherland); Electricity technology roadmap 1999 summary and synthesis (Electric Power Research Institute EPRI, July, 1999); Large scale power generation using forestry and wood industry by-products (Report No.PH3/11, November, 1999); and, The potential of wind energy to reduce CO2 emissions (Report No.PH3/24, October, 2000). (NEDO)

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on development of advanced household electric appliance recycling technology; 1998 nendo senshinteki kaden recycle gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to develop a household electric appliance recycling technology, research and development has been made on crushing of compressors, separation of resins and metals, and regenerative utilization of urethane used as the refrigerator heat insulating material. In the compressor crushing technology, development was made on a ring hammer crusher of wood pattern horizontal type. In the research of the resin-metal separation technology, the dry-type separation and material purity were enhanced successfully by means of classification of materials to be crushed according to grain sizes, and classification using an eddy current screening device and a specific gravity screening device. In the research of the urethane regenerative utilization technology, the contained fluorocarbon was decomposed at the rate of 99.999% by modifying and rinsing the pyrolytic gas from the urethane by means of cracking, having achieved to make the material innocuous. The fuel gas thus obtained can be utilized for electric power generation. In addition, a method to granulate the material was established by mixing it with thermo-plastic resins. It was discovered that using the recovered urethane, which is pulverized smaller than 300 {mu} m, can elevate the heat insulation performance when it is used as the vacuum heat insulator, proving its capability of being re-utilized in refrigerators. (NEDO)

  11. Evaluation report on research and development of a subsea petroleum production system; Kaitei sekiyu seisan system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    In order to assure stable supply of oil and natural gas resources, and achieve enhancement in ocean development technologies in general, development has been made on the subsea petroleum production system (SBPPS), which is effective in ocean floor petroleum production from oil fields at great depths (300 m or deeper), and can be applicable to continental shelves and continental slopes around Japan. The SBPPS consists of four sub-systems of shafts, pipelines, manifolds, and riser and oil storage, whose basic development targets were established for the total system. The system was given a conceptual design for the total system, and the above four sub-systems were designed according to the conceptual design. The experimenting devices of each system were fabricated on a trial basis while fundamental studies are being made on component technologies, and experiments were performed to verify basic functions of the sub-systems. Developments were made on such operation technologies as the system operation technology, production control technology, safety control technology, and maintenance and repair technology required to operate the SBPPS. On-shore and general off-shore experiments were carried out to verify the functions of the experimenting devices of each system, the comprehensive functions and the operation technology. Comprehensive evaluation was given on the above achievements from the technical, economic and social viewpoints. (NEDO)

  12. Report on results of contract research. 'Research on MHD generation system'; MHD hatsuden system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1981-03-01

    'Research on MHD generation system' was implemented by its expert committee in the electric joint study group, with the results of fiscal 1980 reported. This year, a detailed conceptual design was carried out on a coal fired MHD generation system, with points for the technological development concretely examined. In addition, investigation was conducted on the progress of MHD generation technology, development situation of other generation systems, state of energy resources, etc., in various foreign countries. In the conceptual design of the coal fired MHD generation plant, the system structure of a 2,000 MWt class commercial MHD generation plant was explained, as were the conceptual design of the structural elements and proposals for a 500 MWt class demonstration plant and an 100 MWt class experimental plant, for example. In the overseas trend of R and D on MHD generation, investigations were made concerning the U.S., Soviet Union, and China, with details compiled for such items as generation plants, combustors, generation channels, heat resisting materials, superconducting magnets, heat exchangers, seed slags, inverters, boilers and environments, and commercial plants. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1997 survey report on international cooperation for the energy use rationalization method; 1997 nendo jigyo hokokusho (energy shiyo gorika shuho kokusai kyoryoku chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    To carry out LCA in ISO-14040, inventory analysis (IA) is the basic. For studying arrangement of public data to carry out IA, collection work was done of background data which are indirectly concerned with copying machine. First, methods to make inventory data (ID) which are thinkable in the present situation were prepared, and items of emitted matters to be collected were set up in relation to the impact assessment method. Secondly, scenarios of each stage of life cycle of copying machine were set up, and virtual data on the material/energy consumption amount were arranged. Based on this, a method was further studied for making ID of the parts used in electric power, iron/steel, plastics, and copying machine. Third, based on the above-mentioned study results, ID was actually made, and a possibility was studied of making inventory in life cycle of copying machine. Moreover, the state of the automobile LCA carried out at Stuttgart University was examined. At last, the paper summed up subjects of and future study methods for the inventory making method. 2 refs., 25 figs., 77 tabs.

  14. Fiscal 1993 report on technological results. R and D on micromachine technology; 1993 nendo micro machine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-12-01

    Researches on basic element technology of micromachines are conducted with the view of establishing a mechanical system constituted of minute functional elements that perform autonomous operations in a narrow small part of complicated equipment in a power station for example or in a living body. The areas of activity are 1. research on micro actuators and 2. research on basic technology of micromachine; 1 is classified into researches of (1) shape-memory actuator, (2) bending and stretching type actuator, and (3) integrated micro actuator, while 2 is classified into researches of (1) total system for medical diagnosis, (2) micro tactile sensing technology and laser applied diagnosis/treatment technology, and (3) blood pressure/blood circulation sensing technology. In 1-(1), a chemo-mechanical actuator was studied using a shape memory alloy (SMA) and a high polymer gel, and in 1-(2), an SMA and bimetal were employed as a source of the driving force. Further, examination was also made on a fluid driving type actuator. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1998 research report. Application technology of next-generation high-density energy beams; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Jisedai komitsudo energy beam riyo gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Survey was made on application technologies of next- generation high-density energy beams. For real application of laser power, application to not exciting source of YAG crystal but machining directly is highly efficient. For generation of semiconductor laser high-power coherent beam, phase synchronization and summing are large technological walls. Short pulse, high intensity and high repeatability are also important. Since ultra-short pulse laser ends before heat transfer to the periphery, it is suitable for precise machining, in particular, ultra-fine machining. To use beam sources as tool for production process, development of transmission, focusing and control technologies, and optical fiber and device is indispensable. Applicable fields are as follows: machining (more than pico seconds), surface modification (modification and functionalization of tribo- materials and biocompatible materials), complex machining, fabrication of quantum functional structured materials (thin film, ultra-fine particle), agriculture, ultra-precise measurement, non-destructive measurement, and coherent chemistry in chemical and environment fields. (NEDO)

  16. Report for fiscal 1979 on survey for development of overseas coals. Blau area, Kalimantan, Republic of Indonesia; 1979 nendo kaigaitan kaihatsu chosa hokokusho. Indonesia kyowakoku Kalimantan Blau chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1979-12-01

    Surveys including collection of information and materials relative to various conditions were performed on Republic of Indonesia, who is considered a promising coal supplying source for Japan in the future. Based on the assumption that supply capacity of coal will be expanded for thermal power plants, and large rise is anticipated in the coal price, and in order to solve the problems in the plan for migrating the population from Jawa Island where serious population concentration has been taking place, and in the regional promotion and development, the Indonesian Government has made open to foreign business entities in June 1978 the development of coal in the Kalimantan area. Nine corporations including those from Japan have participated in the international bid. The Indonesian Governments seeks in this project a product sharing system, rather than the acquisition of foreign currencies or the profit sharing from export earnings. The Government considers Japan as one of the coal exporting markets, and expects utilization of the Japan's advantageous institutional financing. It is urged that Japan should discuss the coal development in the Kalimantan area as part of dispersion of the coal supply sources upon considering the ocean transportation distance and the close economic relationship with the country. (NEDO)

  17. Report on current status of petroleum substituting energy development in the EU in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (EU))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The EU is one of the most advanced places of petroleum substituting energy development. The EU is highly aware of environmental issues. For the COP3 held at Kyoto in December 1997, The EU gave more severe regulation of CO2 emission than the other advanced countries. The EU takes efforts in the development and introduction of energy effective for global environmental protection. In addition, research and development of geothermal, biomass and wave force energy are actively promoted in this place. Energy situations in this place are significant for predicting and analyzing the future trends of energy development and consumption in the other countries. Firstly, this report looks back toward energy demand held in check to a head at the beginning of the 1990`s. Secondly, supply of energy and cover of energy trend are described for recent years from the point of view. Thirdly, competitiveness of energy in EU countries are discussed from a position of energy density. Fourthly, circumstances about environmental issues are considered. Fifthly, the world market of energy is also considered. Finally, development of new energy and a trend of introduction with a sample of Sweden are introduced. 13 refs., 15 figs., 28 tabs.

  18. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Ube); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Ube) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development has been performed at the Welfare Techno-house Ube located in the area with high aged population rate on welfare and assistance devices to support life of elderly people living in homes. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In developing a motor-driven wheelchair that can be operated with a sense close to driving a car, a prototype system was fabricated on the trial basis, which allows such steering wheel operation as going straight and turning, by controlling through a computer the electric motor directly connected to the driving wheels. In developing an on-line cardiac function monitoring system, a device was developed, in which a cardiac sound sensor is incorporated in a pillow, and the number of pulse and existence of irregular pulse are outputted via a personal computer. In developing a device to help and stabilize the working posture in the sitting position for lower leg handicapped people, design and trial fabrication were carried out on a mechanism to allow movement in the sitting position with two freedom degrees for straight motion and two freedom degrees for turning motion. In developing an automatic pressurizing belt for orthostatic hypotension patients, a prototype of the automatic pressurizing belt was fabricated, which allows pressurization and depressurization through computer control. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Ube research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Chiba) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research is conducted into burdens to be imposed on the nurse and the attended person during nursing activities and into measures to lighten such burdens, and basic data are collected about physical strains to be produced when raising a patient on the bed, pushing a wheelchair, and about stool shapes appropriate for the aged. In a study about escape from a disaster, many shortcomings are discovered requiring remedy, such as difference in height and doors failing to open in case of power outage. For communication in case of emergency, it is concluded that the most promising method will be a combination of a mobile computer and handyphone system. A photoelectric pulse wave monitoring system and an acceleration sensor-equipped water bed, on which the patient lies unrestrained for the measurement of heartbeats and respiration waveforms, are developed. A concept wheelchair is under development which will be a 2-motor 4-wheel design, to be equipped with a steering wheel and a vertically movable seat which will facilitate boarding and alighting. Many projects are in store for fiscal 2001, which include the development of a system to ensure sitting position stability and an automatic pressure belt for the prevention of orthostatic hypotension. A multiple function bed is under development for domestic use, which will be provided with a discharge system (automatic toilet) whose mechanism is quite sophisticated. (NEDO)

  20. Japan`s Sunshine Project.. 1992 annual summary of geothermal enregy R and D; 1992 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu.; Chinetsu energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-12-31

    A summary of the 1992 geothermal energy R and D under the Sunshine Project is reported. R and D are funded by both general account budget and special account budget. In the general account, studies are made on technologies for deep geothermal resource exploration and evaluation. Besides, studies are conducted on drill bits suitable for downhole motors and materials exposed to high temperature/high speed thermal fluids, etc. In respect to the hot dry rock power generation system, a hydraulic fracturing test is carried out. In the special account, R and D are related to database making based on the nationwide geothermal resources exploration project, extraction of prospective sites by the overall analytical system, analysis/evaluation by the resource evaluation system, etc. As to development of the binary cycle power generation plant, a development of downhole pumps is continuously made, and a factory test of No.3 unit is performed. Concerning a technology for increasing minable geothermal water, a hydraulic fracturing method is developed, and a preliminary hydraulic fracturing is carried out.

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1990 on research and development of electrically conductive polymeric materials; 1990 nendo dodensei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    It is intended to realize new electrically conductive materials characterized by light weight, corrosion resistance and easy-to-process performance, and electrical and electronic materials having functions different from those of metallic conduction mechanism. Therefore, activities were performed to seek technologies for polymeric materials having conductivity greater than 10{sup 5} S/cm and being stable and easy to process. Activities were taken in the following six fields: (1) new hydrocarbon conjugate polymers, (2) excipient conjugate conductive materials, (3) technologies to form thin films of graphite synthesized at low temperatures, (4) conductive polymers of hetero aromatic system, (5) research and development of conductive materials of the hetero containing system and the {pi} conjugate system, and (6) comprehensive investigative research. In (1), thin films of polyacetylene and polyacene systems were formed, in (2), excipient hydrocarbon conjugate polymers and excipient graphite materials were developed, in (3), a high-accuracy process controlled graphite thin film forming technology was developed, in (4), the conductivity was enhanced by using high-order structural control and molecular design, and stability of the conductive polymers of complex annular conjugate system was enhanced, and in (5), conductive polymers of the hetero containing system and the {pi} conjugate system, and flexible graphite fibers were developed. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1993-1999 report on all the results of the development of high performance industrial furnace; Koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu sogo seika hokokusho (1993 - 1999 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Since an phenomenon was found out that NOx emission, which was thought to be increased, will be decreased by burning the high temperature preheated air jetting it at high speed (high temperature air combustion) in industrial furnace, there appeared a possibility of technical breakthrough for achieving the heightening of energy utilization efficiency and NOx reduction by exhaust heat recovery at the same time. This project aims at conducting full-scale experiments based on the basement technology including the theoretical elucidation of the combustion mechanism and high temperature air combustion by using various experimental facilities. Further, making full use of the most up-to-date analysis methods and constructing general-purpose database, the development is also aimed at of high performance industrial furnaces such as various heating furnace, heat treat furnace and melting furnace, with the assumption of prompt commercialization of the results of the development. As a result, targets were achieved such as energy saving of 30% or more, downsizing of 20% and a remarkable NOx reduction. Core technologies of this project are in-system limit heat recovery technology, high temperature air combustion technology, temperature field control technology (furnace temperature leveling technology) and high exergy heat transfer technology (furnace temperature heightening technology). (NEDO)

  3. Research report of fiscal 1997. Survey on strategies of export of environment technology in overseas countries; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shogaikoku no kankyo gijutsu yushutsu senryaku chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For active environment technology export to OECD countries, needs for environmental measures in developing countries were surveyed. Both collection of environment technology needs in developing countries and preparation of technology seeds information of Japanese enterprises, and promotion of environmental projects by adding an information dispatch function are important. Active preparation and exchange of experiences and know-how of concerned enterprises, local governments and national organizations are also necessary. For development and possible export of small- and medium-sized ventures with excellent technologies and know-how, a suitable consulting system is essential for risks. For smooth promotion of warming prevention by international cooperation, active development of monitoring technology is also important. To support developing countries, OJT of persons in charge in technology transfer sites, and preparation of information infrastructure are necessary. Japan with much know-how on environmental preservation should positively participate in international standardization activities such as ISO. 10 refs., 14 figs., 56 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 2000 research report on the technology for utilizing intracellular protein transport; 2000 nendo saibonai tanpakushitsu yuso kino riyo gijutsu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research was conducted for the establishment of 'intracellular transport engineering' for collecting eucaryotic proteins having cytotoxicity and activated proteins having escaped decomposition into an appropriate intracellular organelle by artificially manipulating the intracellular transport system for proteins in eucaryotes. In this fiscal year, element technologies and tasks necessary for the transport and activation of intracellular proteins in eucaryotes are extracted, and research was conducted on relevant patents. In a survey of the latest trends of research and development, attention was directed mainly at cells or organelles, and the details of progress in the last one year were investigated and reported, which were related to the functions of single membrane organelles excluding for double membrane bound organelles, e.g., mitochondria and chloroplast, etc., that have unique DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) and to the molecular mechanism of transport of protein to each organelle. Furthermore, relative to each organelle, deployment of protein transport function application technology was taken up. (NEDO)

  5. Report of the researcher exchange promotion project on the environmental issues in the Asia-Pacific region; Asia/Taiheiyo chiiki kankyo mondai kenkyusha koryu sokushin jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Proposals have been made for the establishment of a network (ETERNET-APR) linking those involved in the research and development of environmental technology in the Asia-Pacific region in order to limit the environmental impact of industrial activity. By pursuing active exchanges of information and personnel, researchers in environmental technology in the Asia-Pacific region have been making serious efforts to establish such a network. This fiscal year, the Internet Web site of the ETERNET-APR has been created using the data collected to date. This database includes information on some 350 researchers and 200 research projects from seven countries. The first international symposium was successfully held at Environmental Research Institute of Chulalongkorn University in Thailand (ERIC), hosting 200 environmental researchers from 10 countries in the Asia-Pacific region. Tripartite sister laboratories ties among the National Institute for Resources and Environment (NIRE) and three Korean laboratories were forged. The sister laboratory project between ICETT and ERIC is also proving effective. These successes prove that intraregional joint research, the objective of ETERNET-APR, has begun to take shape in this year

  6. Research report of fiscal 1997. Basic research on the commercialization of innovative energy technologies; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kakushinteki energy gijutsu no jitsuyoka ni kansuru kiso chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper summarizes the research result in fiscal 1997 from the basic research results on the commercialization of innovative energy technologies. The target of a photovoltaic power generation market includes isolated power sources (several kWp) for distant places or developing countries, and those (several tens kWp) for personal residences or public facilities. Although the former is mainly promoted in the West, while the latter over the world, their profitability is unsolved. Power plants over several hundreds kWp are in demonstration test. Solar heat power generation of several tens to hundreds MWp is most profitable, however, small-scale one is poor in feasibility. Australia takes an interest in distributed photovoltaic power generation directly connected with actual lives of residents, and has a dominant opinion that desert is useless as large-scale site. This country lays emphasis on protection and maintenance rather than positive use of desert based on a basic cognition that desert is easily changed and broken. The Australian government announced power company`s obligation to use renewable energy by 2%, and a strong organization is scheduled to be newly established. 59 figs., 57 tabs.

  7. Japan`s New Sunshine Project. 1996 Annual Summary of Coal Liquefaction and Gasification; 1996 nendo new sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Sekitan no ekika gasuka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    In reference to the results of the research and development under the fiscal 1996 New Sunshine Project, a report was summed up on coal liquefaction and coal gasification. As to the R and D of coal liquefaction technology, researches were conducted on liquefaction characteristics and engineering properties by coal kind, catalysts for coal liquefaction, liquefaction reaction of coal and reformation utilization of the liquefied products, liquefaction reaction mechanism and coking mechanism, solubility of coal in solvent and catalytic reaction mechanism, solvent reaction mechanism by hydrogen donor solvent, etc. Concerning the R and D of coal gasification technology, made were the basic study of eco-technology adaptable gasification technology and the study of coal gasification enhancing technology. Further, as to the development of bituminous coal liquefaction technology, carried out were the study in pilot plants and the support study of pilot plants. Additionally, R and D were done of the basic technology of coal liquefaction such as upgrading technology and environmentally acceptable coal liquefaction technology, and of coal hydrogasification technology. 3 refs., 81 figs., 25 tabs.

  8. Research report for fiscal 1988. Researches into energy conservation centering about boiler facilities; 1998 nendo boiler setsubi wo chushin to shita sho energy chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Boiler facilities in Vietnam were subjected to a feasibility study in a project for making positive use of joint implementation and clean development mechanisms which are prescribed as flexible measures by COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change). Many were small and old, and found to require improvement in terms of operating efficiency and energy conservation. Measures will be taken to wholly replace 159 boilers and partially modify 160, out of the total of 399 subjected to the study. It is expected that there will be a reduction of 173.8-thousand kiloliters per year when converted into fuel oil and a reduction per year of 599.8 kilotons in terms of CO2 gas. It was also concluded that co-generation plants judged high in energy conservation be introduced into 6 factories subjected to the study. Since energy conservation improvement and co-generation plant introduction will both contribute to the prevention of global warming and since there is commonality between the two in terms of facilities involved, it is preferred that the two be carried out under one and the same project. The enterprise will cost 11,544-million yen in total, and 791.5 kilotons/year of CO2 gas will be reduced. Since Vietnam hopes to be financed by Japan, extension of credit in yen will be the optimum policy. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1997 achievement report. Research and development of comprehensive basic technology on marine resources; Kaiyo shigen sogo kiban gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu sogo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The deep-sea manganese nodule mining system in this report collects efficiently and continuously a large quantity of manganese nodules in existence in the 5,000m-deep sea floor. The aim of the project is to develop and build an experimental system for a real mining machine and to perform a comprehensive marine test to find out if such a real machine is technologically and economically feasible. The system under this project is divided into four systems, which are a nodule mining system, nodule lifting system, nodule handling system, and a measurement control system. The nodule mining system travels on the sea bottom efficiently collecting manganese nodules and forwarding them into the nodule lifting system. Only a few systems of this kind have so far been developed, however, and therefore much endeavor needs to be exerted for the development of technologies involved. The nodule lifting system is divided into a pump lift unit, air lift unit, and a nodule lifting pipe. The pump lift unit and air lift unit elevate manganese nodules supplied from the nodule collecting unit to the sea surface. The nodule lifting pipe provides a passage for nodules to run through upward. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Overall survey; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper summed up the results of the survey of tackling with the international standardization by enterprises and organizations involved in the standardization in the U.S., Europe and Japan, the results of the R and D on 20 themes for the international standardization, and the development toward the international standardization. As the R and D themes, the following were selected: the development of chemical method to analyze/evaluate metallic coatings of surface treated steel coating sheets, R and D of the basic evaluation method of functional composite particles, international standards for computer/manikins, basic technology of color image management, study on optimizing design/evaluation technology using quality engineering, study of the international standardization by economic evaluation of environmental impacts, R and D of the standardization of a method to test acceleration life of phosphorous acid fuel cells, development of a test method of halogen-free flame-retardant cables and a study of the cable standards, standard measuring methods of hormone effects of chemical substances, quantification of the sensory evaluation and international standardization in the paint field, experimental study on the international standardization for immunochemical measurement of chemical substances, etc. 24 figs., 16 tabs.

  11. Report on current status of petroleum substituting energy development in Germany in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu no genjo (Doitsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    To reduce the energy consumption, the Federal Government of Germany has forced the regulation for indoor heating of new building with success, that the annually necessary heating energy per square meter in average could be reduced from 220 kWh/m{sup 2}{center_dot}a in the beginning of 1980 to 100 kWh/m{sup 2}{center_dot}a of today. For the near future it is even expected that the standard of `low energy house` with its heating energy density limit of 75 kWh/m{sup 2}{center_dot}a can be directed for new building. This successful development is a result of mutual positive effects, that the regulation of heating energy promotes progress of technology for heat insulation and heating equipment, and that the progress of the technology enables the intensification of the regulation without demanding unreasonable investment to building owners. A large scaled loan program for saving energy is running through the modernization of existing buildings. Effects of loan programs promoted by state governments are larger than those by the Federal Government. Passive house, heat pump using groundwater as heat source, and gas absorber are introduced as recent topics. 20 refs., 24 figs.

  12. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on energy consumption in a residential sector; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Minsei bumon energy shohi jittai chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    On energy consumption in a residential sector, the report reports the document survey result including new documents, and the result of the systematic national questionnaire survey carried out in small and medium cities to prepare the basic data for future development and introduction of petroleum substituting energy. The electric power consumption rate of detached houses (A) is larger by 0.6- 1.6Gcal/household/year than that of apartment houses (B) in every district. The gas consumption rate of A is smaller than that of B in Hokkaido, Kanto and Kyushu. The LPG consumption rate of Kinki district is largest in both A and B. The kerosene consumption rate of A is larger than that of B. In Hokkaido, the kerosene consumption is extremely large in heating, showing a ratio of 60% or more in A. In the other districts, the kerosene consumption is largest in hot water supply, showing 30% or more. Every consumption rate increases with annual household income. The average consumption rate of 4 districts is 11,137Mcal/household/year. (NEDO)

  13. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999. System technology to create human life compatible living environment; 1999 nendo ningen kodo tekigogata seikatsu kankyo soshutsu system gijutsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The present research and development is intended to develop the following technology: a system technology to measure, understand and accumulate human activities, analyze objectively the compatibility of human being with products and environments, and support to have the products and working environments comply with activity characteristics of individual persons (a system technology to create human life compatible living environment). Human activities are developed in various scenes, and it is not easy to structure technologies to measure, understand and support the activities common to all of the scenes. Therefore, development will be made on the technologies for measuring, understanding and supporting the activities in the human activity scenes. Development of the manipulative activity complying technology deals with human activities in the scenes to operate devices by which the activities are changed by situation identification and skills in addition to activity characteristics of individual persons. Furthermore, as a scene in which attention to the activity characteristics of individual persons, skills, and external situation is a problem, the automobile driving activities are taken up for discussion, as well as the object building work activities as a scene in which difference in skills of individuals is a problem. (NEDO)

  14. Report of 'Survey on Asian environmental information networks'; 'Asia kankyo joho network chosa' ni kansuru hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    This project is implemented to survey the current statuses and future trends of the Asian district environment-related information networks, for the (research cooperation project for development of environmental condition measuring laser radar systems), being promoted by NEDO. First, current statuses of the network names, managing organizations, user numbers, conditions of use, protocols for use, service conditions, major domestic nodes and internationally connected conditions are surveyed mainly for internet-connected networks, for surveying the current statuses and future trends of the research networks in Asian countries. Second, current statuses in Indonesia of the network names, managing organizations, user numbers, conditions of use, protocols for use, service conditions, domestic node sites and managing organizations, charge systems and institutions, types/reliability/ stability of the circuits, and conditions of restriction of use, if any, for surveying the current statuses and future trends in Indonesia. Third, conditions of and needs for network utilization by researchers for Asian district environments. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1998 research achievement report. Development of key technology for high-efficiency semiconductor manufacturing process; 1998 nendo kokoritsu handotai seizo process kiban gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    In the development of large-aperture/high-density plasma technology, research and development was carried out for balanced electron drift plasma technologies for uniform control of plasma density and the like, such as an excited plasma source and plasma drift to enable wide-range plasma generation in a chamber. In the development of high-efficiency exposure technology, studies were made for stable generation and control of short wavelength excimer laser and for higher-speed large-aperture mask writing by use of an electron beam. In the development of higher-speed processing and energy-efficient technologies, research and development was conducted involving probe card technology for increasing the speed of semiconductor inspection, software-aided virtual tester technology, local energy-efficient cleaning technology in wafer processing and transportation, sheet-type flexible manufacturing system, and the like. (NEDO)

  16. Report on the field test project for wind power development at Kamiyaku Town (wind characteristics investigation); Kamiyakucho ni okeru furyoku kaihatsu field test jigyo (fukyo seisa) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    Wind characteristics are observed for a year at the above town located at the northern end of the Yakushima island, Kagoshima Prefecture. The exponential index of the wind speed distribution in the vertical direction is 6.06 with all the directions averaged, and is so high as 8.4/13.6 in the wind directions (W/E). Prudence should be exercised, when to estimate the wind speed at the wind turbine hub altitude, against disjunction from the simple exponential law due to geographical peculiarities of the observation location. Turbulence intensity is low and is 0.15 when the wind speed is 2m/s or more, not exerting an ill effect on wind power development. As for the total wind direction occurrence rate on the prevalent wind axis, 78.2% is recorded, which is much higher than the reference value (60%). The average wind speed on this wind axis is high, and this shows that the location is quite suitable for wind power development. The annual average wind speed of 6.3m/s is much higher than the reference value, this again promising a success. The wind energy density of 478W/m{sup 2} is sufficiently high, as compared with the reference value (215W/m{sup 2}). Since there are possibilities of a maximum instantaneous wind speed of over 60m/s, caution is to be used in determining wind endurance for the wind turbine design. The annual capacity ratios for the 150/300/750kW wind turbine models are 33.8/36.5/36.9%, respectively, higher than the NEDO-provided reference value (17% or higher) and predicting sufficient power generation. (NEDO)

  17. Report on the field test project for wind power development at Oshima Village (wind characteristics investigation); Oshimamura ni okeru furyoku kaihatsu field test jigyo (fukyo seisa) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    Wind characteristics are observed for a year at Oshima City, Fukuoka Prefecture. The annual average wind speed is 6.7m/s at 20m above ground, reflecting the general trend in Japan's climate that wind is strong in the cold season and weak in the warm season. The wind direction occurrence rate is the highest of 13.2% in the ENE direction. Now that the occurrence of the NE, SW, and WSW directions occupying the same wind axis is also high throughout the year, Oshima Village is suitable for wind turbine installation. Since the wind speed is high in the high-occurrence NE-ESE directions, the relation between the wind direction occurrence rate and wind speed is said to be convenient. The conditions for a success in wind power development, that the wind speed be 5.8m/s or more and energy density 215W/m{sup 2} or more at an altitude of 20m above the ground, are satisfied at this observation station. As for the operation rate and capacity ratio of each of 150kW, 300kW, and 750kW wind turbine models, they are all over the reference values. The site is highly promising as a wind power development site because all the wind turbine availability conditions, such as the annual average wind speed, annual wind energy density, operating rate, and capacity ratio are found to be better than the reference values.

  18. Report on results of contract research. 'Research on MHD generation system'; MHD hatsuden system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    'Research on MHD generation system' was implemented by its expert committee in the electric joint study group, with the results of fiscal 1981 reported. This year, technological reexamination was conducted for a 2,000 MWt commercial MHD generation plant, with evaluation carried out on the cost performance including the construction and operation cost. In addition, for the purpose of intermediate R and D towards the practicability, examination was also conducted on a system structure, concrete specifications of component element, cost of R and D including operation expenses for example, concerning an 100 MWt class experimental plant and a 500 MWt class plant. In the investigation of the overseas trend, information was summarized in detail on the experimental devices, combustors, generation channels, electrode materials, electrode phenomena, theoretical analyses, seeds, slag, component equipment, instrumental technologies, conceptual designs of generation plant, commercial plant, etc., in Soviet Union, China, Holland, India and EPRI, on the basis of the materials from the 19th MHD symposium held in UTSI and from the coal MHD specialist conference held in Sydney. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1999 survey report. Survey and research concerning development of next-generation chemical process technologies; 1999 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To further enhance resource/energy conservation and environmental impact reduction, it is necessary to develop innovative chemical reaction process technologies. It is for this reason that 'development of next-generation chemical reaction process technologies' is being carried out under the New Sunshine Program. The survey and research, for the fulfilment of the above goal, aim to select important technologies and put in a easy-to-study order the problems contained in associated technologies for picking out tasks for future studies for the purpose of suggesting some subjects to be taken up for future development. In addition, studies are made about how a comprehensive technology assessment system should be. In this fiscal year, propositions are compiled for research and development projects on five subjects. Studies of subjects other than these five will also continue to eventually build concrete propositions on them. The said five subjects involve 1) the development and application of nonaqueous biotechnologies, 2) biotechnology-aided polymeric material creation processes, 3) construction of high-efficiency energy conservation processes using innovative grain handling technologies in the high-temperature reaction field, 4) manufacture of high-performance polymeric materials for batteries and development of battery fabrication processes, and 5) the development of an energy conservation process maximally utilizing environmentally-friendly polyolefin. (NEDO)

  20. Report on the survey in fiscal 1998. Survey on an environment technology transfer information network; 1998 nendo hokokusho. Kankyo gijutsu iten joho network chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper describes a survey on an environment technology transfer information network. Based on the achievements obtained by the surveys in fiscal 1995 and 1996, the ICETT has participated as one organization constituting the APEC environment technology exchange virtual center, and begun providing information since April 1997. As the environment technology information, those items actually employed by factories and operation sites in Japan are put into a data base, and into a home page including training information centering around those contained in the data base, and examples of works done by local governments for prevention of pollution. Furthermore in fiscal 1997, a simulation software for a model process has been developed. Fiscal 1998 strengthened the data base for environment preservation technology information, investigated environment preserving model companies and summarized them including even their management aspect. Investigations were carried out in developing countries on application of cleaner technologies. Gaps far exceeding anticipation exist in every field between these developing countries and Japan. Environment protection measures applied and succeeded in the developing countries as the means to narrow the gaps were collected, and compiled as the specific examples. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1996 report on the committee for international collaborative research of medical and welfare apparatus; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho (iryo fukushi kiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    From a viewpoint that cancer, cerebral hemorrhage, heart disease, etc. caused by the progress in aging are problems not only to Japan but to all developed countries, a possibility of Japan`s joint study with other countries was examined to promote efficiently and effectively research/development of the apparatus required. Moreover, from a viewpoint of being the same Asian countries, a possibility of the joint study was examined also with developing countries which are largely different in disease structure and environment of the use of apparatus from developed countries. In the examination on medical/welfare apparatus technology of China, before the site examination, a book of data was arranged on the actual state of population and disease structure and the R and D situation of medical/welfare apparatus in Japan, and at the same time, celebrated persons in China were introduced by the scientific society side as widely as possible. By this preliminary study, the original objective of the examination could be achieved. In the examination with the U.S. and Europe, Japan held meetings with engineers of the U.K., France and the U.S. Japan`s `load control type walking supporting apparatus,` of which the development was finished, was very highly evaluated by each organ of the countries

  2. Report on the development/comprehensive research of new hydrogen energy demonstrative technology; Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu sogo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    In this project, the excess heat phenomenon caused by electrolyzing heavy water using palladium metal, etc. as electrode was captured as `new hydrogen energy.` To make a possibility of being as a future energy source clear, the abnormal heating phenomenon was verified. By elucidating the mechanism, the paper aimed at quantitatively controlling the heat generation. The R and D period was four years from fiscal 1993, and the details of the research are about the excess heat measuring test, material analysis/development tests, test on detection of reaction products, information collection/arrangement, international research cooperation. As a result of the research, a part of the excess heat measurement was surely able to be reproduced. However, when a confirmation experiment on the excess heat was conducted by another more positive method under the same conditions, it was found that the excess heat quantity was not the absolute excess heat quantity exceeding the measuring sensitivity/errors of the system. Supposing the excess heat of 0.1W order is generated in nuclear reaction, any of reaction products should be detected in a considerable quantity. However, no reaction products were not detected. 42 refs., 241 figs., 55 tabs.

  3. Basic research report for drawing up regional new energy vision for Aomori Prefecture; Aomoriken chiiki shin energy vision sakutei kiso chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Based on the amount of new energy expectedly collectable in the region, feasibility of its use is examined, with various circumstances including the magnitude of demand for it taken into consideration. The types of new energy whose introduction into the Aomori Prefecture region is very likely are the energy of the sun (light and heat) and that of the wind. As for geothermal energy, hydraulic energy of small and medium dimensions, energy from the snow, and energy from wastes, the probabilities of their introduction will grow fairly high dependent on the outcome of negotiations or alignment with energy demanding parties. As for wave power energy and temperature difference energy, though they exist in abundance, there remain difficult problems to solve relating to exploiting technologies and consuming parties, and at the current stage it is deemed that probabilities are low that they will be introduced into the prefecture. As for utilization by incineration of biomass such as excrements of animals and thinnings from forests, probability of realization is low now that there are other uses for them, return to the farmland or processing at timber mills. As for methane fermentation in the treatment of sewage and sludge, the energy from this process is being consumed at many locations across the prefecture, and it is deemed that probabilities are high that their utilization will expand. (NEDO)

  4. Fiscal 1999 report on international joint research project on global environmental technology; 1999 nendo chikyu kankyo gijutsu kokusai kyodo kenkyu jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    As part of the above-named effort, Japanese researchers were dispatched to overseas universities and laboratories for implementing joint researches into 11 subjects selected by the NEDO (New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization) screening committee. When the feedback of fruits of the researches to NEDO projects is taken into account, it may be said that the accomplishments, attained relative to the development of processes for the practical application of environmentally-friendly biomass energy and measures for promoting its adoption, will contribute to the completion of an environmentally-friendly energy production process, excellent in CO2 emissions reduction, in which biomass will be the raw material. In relation to the technology of installing pipes for CO2 discharge into the ocean, some of the dispatched researchers had an opportunity of studying technological problems not deal with under NEDO research and development projects. In the study of organized structures of low-purity CO2 bubble groups, a great contribution was made to the promotion of the NEDO-implemented project of evaluating the impact of CO2 storage in the ocean upon environments. The development of remedial technologies for Microcystis aeruginosa-invaded lakes by introducing environmental engineering assumes a very important position in the endeavors for environmental improvement in developing nations in the Asia-Pacific region. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 1997 report on the introductory study. Human behavior recognition evaluation technology; 1997 nendo sentan kenkyu hokokusho. Ningen kodo ninchi hyoka gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Importance of the human behavior technology was paid attention to to get true safety and comfortableness of life through adaptability of products/systems to all humans. In consideration of the social and technological background, the human behavior recognition evaluation technology avoids economic/social losses caused by accidents and troubles and also provides the safe life environment for living people including the aged. Further, the gist of the project was proposed to make it clear that it can give a course of making things from a viewpoint of development of products dealing with individuals (personal fit) and can give new added values and contribute to heightening of international competitiveness at the same time. Development is made of technology of dividing concrete behavior patterns into types and also accumulating them in usable forms at the time of product design and in emergency and of technology of measuring all the time information on human behaviors in daily life without restrictions and on site. Supporting technology is developed for making the most of behavior information of users for product design and in emergency. Effects of the spread are also estimated. 76 refs., 13 figs., 9 tabs.

  6. Leading research report for fiscal 1998. Life landscape performance evaluation technology (Landscape Frontier); 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Seikatsu keikan seino hyoka gijutsu (land scape frontier)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the formulation of guidelines for the construction of an appropriate landscape in the 21st century for the creation of 'landscape industry' in a sustainable society, researches were conducted for the development of landscape materials to constitute living circumstances equipped with 'life landscape' and of technologies for evaluating them. In the landscape designing system subcommittee, the current states and problems of landscape designing systems were analyzed and problems to solve were clarified, these problems involving systems and institutions, people and collaboration, formation of a consensus, systems for production and distribution, etc. In the landscape materials subcommittee, a 'landscape cell' concept in which a life space is the unit was employed in discussing the needs for landscape materials to meet and in extracting the seeds the industry was able to offer for improvement on landscape. In the landscape evaluation subcommittee, the history and today of landscape were reviewed to define what was to be respected in the development of evaluation techniques, and guidelines were extracted towards landscape materials development and landscape industry promotion. In addition, a Landscape Frontier symposium was held. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1995 verification survey of geothermal exploration technology. Report on a deep geothermal resource survey; 1995 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Shinbu chinetsu shigen hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-06-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk of deep geothermal resource development, the paper investigated three factors for the formation of geothermal resource in the deep underground, that is, heat supply from heat source, supply of geothermal fluids, and the developmental status of fracture systems forming reservoir structures. The survey further clarified the status of existence of deep geothermal resource and the whole image of the geothermal system including shallow geothermal energy in order to research/study usability of deep geothermal resource. In the deep geothermal resource survey, drilling/examination were made of a deep geothermal exploration well (`WD-1,` target depth: approximately 3,000-4,000m) in the already developed area, with the aim of making rationalized promotion of the geothermal development. And the status of existence of deep geothermal resource and the whole image of the geothermal system were clarified to investigate/study usability of the geothermal system. In fiscal 1995, `WD-1` in the Kakkonda area reached a depth of 3,729m. By this, surveys were made to grasp the whole image of the shallow-deep geothermal system and to obtain basic data for researching usability of deep geothermal resource. 22 refs., 531 figs., 136 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 2000 report on results of R and D of welfare techno-system in Takaoka City; 2000 nendo welfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Takaoka) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D was conducted on a 'system for monitoring living situation of elderly people' for the purpose of supporting the elderly living alone, with the fiscal 2000 results reported. In the development of a knowledge engineering system, a system was developed estimating the present position of an elderly person in his home or calculating his daily living activities, by analyzing data measured by infrared sensors, and thereby automatically inferring his behavior or health condition. In the research for practicability of the system, infrared sensors and sensors for detecting opening/closing of a door were improved, which included improvement by using telephone lines for example. In the demonstrative experiment, data were obtained which seemed to show a change for the worse of a disability condition due to senile dementia, or else, which appeared to be an inability to move occurring finally as a result of gradual deterioration of health. Another data measured disclosed that elderly people, unlike a normal life pattern, were living in a state with night and day reversed. From these results, the system can safely be said to have a function for monitoring the lives of the elderly people in point of their mind and body. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1998 research achievement report. Research and development for acceleration of biological resource information infrastructure construction; 1998 nendo seibutsu shigen joho kiban seibi kasokuka kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    To fulfill the above-mentioned purpose, research and development of technologies were carried out involving genetic information measurement, genetic information analysis and utilization, analysis and utilization of information on proteins, and the measurement of biomolecular interaction. In a chapter 'Research and development of genetic information analysis using next-generation genome chip,' gene amplification is effected using RNA-DNA molecules and a method for efficiently building UPD (unilateral protruding DNA) was developed. In a chapter 'Development of international standard DNA chip and analyzing system for analysis of massive gene expression,' a relational database program for activating a system for gene preservation, purification, multiple injection, and management was completed. In a chapter '3D-1D modelling of all the proteins coded on genomes,' this fiscal year, analyses were conducted using Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis as model microbes. In a chapter 'Analysis of gene expression clustering,' a software program was developed for measuring and analyzing the budding yeast gene expression profile. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on the international standardization of top technologies; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Sentan gijutsu no kokusai hyojunka ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Survey was made on the trend of the international standardization of top technologies in developed countries. With a recent progress of technology business beyond boundaries, the interrelation between technology and industry is becoming complex increasingly. For construction of industrial technology policies, the factor analysis of the international standardization of top technologies is important. Recently, public standardization (promoted by public organizations) and de- facto standardization (formed in market competition) have been promoted in a top technology field. International comparison was made on the basis of the report on international comparison of technical competitive powers by the US government or non-profit organizations. Survey was made on the trend of international unification of standards and positioning of standards in enterprise strategy, and approaches of ISO, IEC, ITU and developed countries to standards. Case study was made on digital mobile telephone, IC card, OS for PCs, electric vehicle and fine ceramics. (NEDO)

  11. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. New technology based on functions involved in intracellular protein transport; 1999 nendo saibonai tanpakushitsu yuso kino riyo gijutsu kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    An intercellular transport technology (artificial manipulation of an intracellular protein transport system in eucaryotes) is studied for the accumulation of cytotoxic proteins, whose expression has so far been difficult, and activated proteins, which have avoided decomposition, in appropriate intracellular minute organs. The aim is to construct a system to allow foreign proteins high in productivity and quality to express themselves for production in eucaryotes. Basic surveys were conducted of the intracellular biological functions of single-membrane organelles (endoplasmic reticulum, peroxisome, vacuole/lysosome, and Golgi body), the molecular mechanism of protein transport to each organelle, and protein activation and quality control, and element technologies were extracted. For the development of novel pharmaceuticals making use of the intracellular protein transport technology, an activated protein production system was built and a search was made for transport activity impeding substances. Research tasks relative to the development of the new technologies were isolated, such as the visualization of intercellular transport. A survey was made of the market for pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, enzymes, and visualizing equipment (fluorescence microscope provided with new functions), etc. (NEDO)

  12. FY 2000 survey report on possibilities of the international joint study in the Asian region; 2000 nendo Asia chiiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Study was conducted of policies on energy spread, trends of energy development, etc. in energy conservation and substitution energy fields after the economic crisis in Asian countries, and the results were summed up. In Thailand, it is expected that the effective use of solar energy can be an effective means as a substitution energy. Further, the energy conservation by demand-side management, etc. is to be urgently taken. Indonesia is abundant in energy resources and does not take energy conservation measures very much. As to petroleum substituting energy, it is expected that the diversified use of coal, natural gas, hydroelectric power, geothermal energy, etc. will be advanced. In Malaysia, a policy in which energy is dispersed to natural gas, hydroelectric power and coal is being taken for reduction of the dependence upon petroleum. In India, joint projects with developed countries are proceeded with in the fields of electric power, energy conservation and renewable energy. In China, the policy for advancing new energy utilization is being taken that the thermal power generation is optimized, hydroelectric power generation is positively adopted, and nuclear power generation is moderately used, according to characteristics in the region. (NEDO)

  13. Report on a feasibility study of making an international joint research on energy in the Asia region; Asia chiiki kokusai kyodo kenkyu kanosei chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    A survey was conducted on the energy situation in Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines and India, and a possibility of making an international joint research. Thailand has sharply increased investments from Europe and the U.S. since 1985, and has been making a rapid industrialization. As to the energy policy, it is important to secure the stable supply and stabilize the price. Indonesia has been rapidly increasing energy consumption in accordance with the recent economic growth, and is fear of becoming a net oil importing country in the near future. They are taking a policy for securing as much domestic oil and gas as possible. Malaysia has been keeping a high growth of over 8% per year for the past 8 years and rapidly increased energy demand. It is expected that they will maintain a high level of the development of energy resources. In the Philippines, the industrial energy is mostly coal, but electricity expected in future is from the oil-fueled power generation. The stable import of oil is a problem. 45 figs., 51 tabs.

  14. Report on investigation in fiscal 2000 of exchange of industries with foreign countries and human resource training; 2000 nendo kaigai kara no sangyo koryu jinzai ikusei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to strengthen the function to assess new business strategies for ventures and small business entities in the industry supporting organizations in Miyagi Prefecture, experts were invited from the United States to provide educations and lectures. Twenty-seven persons participated in a three-day seminar managed by three experts at the Port of Technology in Pennsylvania. The course was covered the following three fields: 1) the basic theoretical course, 2) workshops, and 3) the summary and utilization of the screening guide. In Item 1), the course were consisted of the following 12 items: the purpose of the seminar, necessity of entrepreneurs, mentors, business plans, summary of the plans, markets, market selection, the summary of technological and financial managements, sources of capital procurement, and capital procurement opportunities. In Item 2), a group of three to four persons assessed the business strategies of existing corporations based on the 'venture business examination criteria' given by the instructors. In Item 3), the course were consisted of the following six items: management teams, markets, the status of competition, technological assessment, marketing strategies, and financial conditions. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 2000 report on result of project for promoting exchange of international environmental technology information; 2000 nendo kankyo gijutsu kokusai joho koryu sokushin jigyo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With the purpose of sharing environmental technology information of the APEC countries, the homepage structuring was commenced linking and systematizing the home pages owned by governments, institutions, enterprises, etc., as the APEC Virtual Center (APEC-VC) project, with the fiscal 2000 results reported. In creating the homepage contents, in order to disseminate more useful information for the developing countries, 'Environmental Technology Cooperation for Developing Countries' as the original contents was prepared. In building a search engine, for the purpose of improving convenience for website users of the Virtual Center, APEC VC Japan created a retrieval system on the site. In overseas investigation, the researchers visited local plants to grasp problems and the needs by enterprises and organizations on water-pollution, waste treatment and the like, with the purpose of reflecting the investigation result in the website. In addition, the researchers visited APEC VC coordinators and/or contact points to exchange opinions with the view of expanding the network. (NEDO)

  16. Report on investigation in fiscal 2000 of industrial technology exchange with international networking organizations; 2000 nendo kokusaitekina network gata soshiki tono sangyo gijutsu koryu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to promote exchange of industrial technologies, investigations and analyses were made on identification of the current status of networking organizations in different countries working as windows for industrial technology exchange, and on the actual status of technology commercialization methods in overseas incubators. Activities were taken in the following three fields: 1) the current status of networking organizations and incubators in different countries, 2) typology of technology commercialization, technical fields, and success factors, and 3) possibility of the use of technology information in the networking organizations. In Item 1), investigations were performed on the current status and actual activity status of the networking organizations including research parks and individual incubators intended of information exchange, mainly in the United States, UK, and Finland. In Item 2), considerations are given on the points related to technology incubation based on the information about the networking organizations and incubators in each country, and the way the industry-academia cooperation should be. In Item 3), discussions were given on the roles of the networking organizations and the possibility of utilization of technological information in the networking organizations in Japan. (NEDO)

  17. Survey report on an environmental harmony type production system of chemical products; Kankyo chowagata kagaku seihin seizo system ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    As part of establishing an environmental harmony type production system of chemical products, study and survey were made on PET bottles. Using the life cycle analysis method (LCA), a study was made for proposing a material recycle (MR) method which is environmentally and economically excellent in the stage of recycling waste PET bottles. The total cost of recycling can be reduced by 34% supported by a decrease in equipment cost and improvement in yield if there is no mixture of foreign substances such as aluminum caps and PVC bottles. However, the ratio of the amount obtained from the reduction to the total production cost is small, and it is necessary to take measures from a viewpoint of the cost in a total production process and environmental loads. In a survey in Kawaguchi city, PET bottles discharged from the business sector occupied 41% of all the discharge amount. In a survey in Yokohama city, very important data were obtained on PET bottles appointed as the second type under the recycle law. The quality of PET bottles to be brought to the recycling plant is important for effectively processing PET bottles in MR method. For achievement of MR which is low in cost and small in environmental load, needed were cooperation by citizens, the shipping management system in autonomous government, and changes in design and material quality to be made by the industrial circle. 8 refs., 64 figs., 68 tabs.

  18. Research report of fiscal 1997. Survey on information networks for environment technology transfer; 1997 nendo hokokusho. Kankyo gijutsu iten joho network chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    ICETT is one of the member organizations of APEC environment technology virtual center which established in Osaka in 1996 for active environment technology exchange between APEC countries based on a survey result obtained in fiscal 1995. ICETT began its information service in April, 1997, and completed useful prototype home pages which include the database composed of practical useful information on environment preservation technology of domestic factories and offices, and training information and local governments` approach cases to pollution control. In fiscal 1997, further survey was made, and the simulation software of a model process was also developed for training. Clean technology and energy saving technology strongly demanded by developing countries were surveyed to prepare a database including useful information for developing countries. A basic design software for bio-treatment of waste water was also prepared. The total number of home page accesses exceeded a predicted number for the first half year. 5 refs., 25 figs.

  19. Fiscal 1997 report on the development of new hydrogen atomic energy demonstrative technology; 1997 nendo kenkyu hokokusho (shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-06-01

    In this validation study, phenomena of excess heat which are said to be generated by electrolysis of deuterium using palladium metal, etc. as electrode are taken as `new hydrogen atomic energy,` and to clarify a possibility of using them as a future energy source, the abnormal heating phenomenon was validated and the mechanism was elucidated. The study targeted quantitative control of heat emissions. The study was finished in 1997, the fifth year from the start. The excess heat measurement could partially be reproduced; however, when conducting a confirmation experiment on the excess heat by another more reliable method under the same condition, it was found that the value of excess heat was not an absolute value exceeding measuring sensitivity and errors of the system. If the excess heat of 0.1W order is to be emitted in nuclear reaction, any reactive product should be detected in a substantial quantity. However, the product of a large quantity was not found. A possibility was found out of an increase in nuclear reaction ratio inside solid by low energy deuterium irradiation. From the above, it was concluded that the use of new hydrogen atomic energy was negative. 20 refs., 149 figs., 29 tabs.

  20. Research report for fiscal 1998 on regional new energy vision drawn up for Tokushima Prefecture; 1998 nendo Tokushimaken shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The amount of energy in existence is theoretically the amount of energy that exists in a given region while the available amount is an amount of energy worked out with technological, economic, and social conditions taken into consideration. The total of the amount in existence and that of the available amount are mentioned in a table, and the available amount is further shown in terms of calorie. It totals 11,120Tcal per year, which is equivalent to approximately 55% of the whole amount of energy that Tokushima Prefecture demands. The availability of each type of new energy and the state of development of related technologies are studied to determine what priority is to be given to what energy. The group that is given the highest priority consists of photovoltaic power generation, passive solar systems, refuse fueled power generation, and heat from wastes (this group occupying more than 80% of the available amount in Tokushima Prefecture). The second group consists of wind power generation, clean energy vehicles, cogeneration, and small and medium scale hydroelectric power generation. The third group consists of fuel cells, ocean energy, biomass, and temperature difference energy. Natural conditions surrounding new energy in existence in Tokushima Prefecture are rather favorable, but social conditions are not. (NEDO)

  1. 1998 Annual Study Report. New industry supporting type international standard development program (Comprehensive survey); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinki sangyo shiengata kokusai hyojun kaihatsu jigyo (sogo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Summarized herein are results of the survey on a total of 13 themes for international standardization. These themes are for standardization of (1) color control, (2) securing interoperability between optical disk systems, (3) digital image processing for home digital electronic appliances, (4) securing interconnectability between home electronic information appliances, (5) production process systems, (6) testing and evaluation methods for fine ceramic materials for communications, (7) evaluation methods for high-temperature properties of new glass melts, (8) corrosion testing and evaluation methods for surface-treated steel plates, (9) testing and evaluation methods for high-purity titanium, (10) testing and evaluation methods for plastic optical fibers, (11) evaluation methods for high-strength, large-size steel pipe characteristics for superhigh-pressure natural gas pipelines, (12) methods for measuring mileage of hybrid electric vehicles, and (13) methods for determining recycle ratios of automobile components. This comprehensive survey also includes overseas trends for the standardization, establishment/expansion of the international standardization processes, and standardization for determining recycle ratios of home electric appliances. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1998 annual report on the research and development of non-linear, opto-electronic materials; 1998 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The final assessment of researches on non-linear, opto-electronic materials was conducted in FY 1988. These researches are evaluated as the world-level basic researches, high in potential of giving ripple effects on various areas. The R and D themes are organic, low-molecular-weight materials; technology for orientation-controlled crystal growth; conjugated polymer films; microcrystallite-doped glasses using vapor deposition and stuffing method; glass composite materials using sol-gel method and ultra-low melting point glass; nanoparticle-dispersed glasses using super-cooling technology; materials dispersed in organic compounds; organic superlattice formation; three-dimensionally superstructured materials; and comprehensive surveys and researches. The researches and surveys on the common basic techniques were recommissioned to Universities of Tokyo, Keio Gijuku, Nagoya, Tohoku and Hokkaido. These themes are analytical methods for non-linear optical characteristics; morphology-controlled crystal growth of nonlinear-optical organic materials and fundamental studies on all-optical devices; large enhancement of optical nonlinearity and its mechanism in nanocrystals embedded in matrices; improvement of organic materials for high performance; and ultrafast nonlinear optical processes and their application for controlling ultrafast optical pulses. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1998 research report on development, study and evaluation of tribo-materials; 1998 nendo tribo material no kaihatsu chosa hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Recently, needs for tribo-materials are on the increase for further energy saving and improvement of various functions and durability in various field such as less-fuel consumption car, new type Shinkansen, linear motor car, high-speed motor boat, various machines and tools, electronics, medical equipment and vitally adaptable material. This project researches and studies various properties required for tribo- materials for surface treated materials by ceramic and other material films, and clarifies the guidance and direction of the technology for creating tribo-materials by surface treatment and surface modification, through clarifying a friction/abrasion mechanism by collection of basic characteristic data and analysis of abrasion powders. This project is studying the marginal condition of film destruction for ceramic system vapor-phase deposited films, through studying the effect of mechanical properties of substrates, film surface treatment methods and film surface shapes on the marginal condition. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Development of Assessment Technology of Life Cycle Environment Impacts of Products; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Seihinnado lilfecycle kankyo eikyo hyoka gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    An inventory data collecting format is formulated, data collecting activities are launched through 23 industry associations and several investigatory agencies, and almost all the primary data are collected. All the inventory items are being rearranged into a convenient order, and efforts are under way to designate the association to be in charge and the method to be used for data collecting (the accumulation method, process model method). Problems about techniques in the veinous department are extracted. The flow of matters relating to various metals and glass after their use and the magnitude of their environmental impacts at the ultimate sites of treatment are understood though roughly. Investigations are conducted into typical formats overseas, a data arranging format is constructed, specifications are defined for a data inputting software program, and a request is placed with a dedicated dealer for the compilation of the said program. The architecture and specifications of an LCA (life cycle assessment) database system are determined, and its functions are undergoing an intermediate check by a research team for improvement. Endeavors are exerted at quantifying global warming, ozone layer depletion, biotoxicity, and photochemical oxidants for use as the basic data for damage evaluation. (NEDO)

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Development of next-generation chemical process technologies; 1998 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Researches are conducted on the development of a technology of catalytic cracking of naphtha, technology relative to selective oxidation reaction of saturated hydrocarbons, process technology utilizing solid-phase reaction field, and a process technology utilizing novel reaction mechanism. Also, a survey is conducted on chemical processes of the next generation. Concerning the catalytic cracking of naphtha, reaction systems are roughly divided into two groups by whether or not they proceed in the presence of oxygen. As for rare earth oxide catalyst systems and zeolitic catalyst systems, their performance is confirmed and their reaction mechanisms are estimated. Concerning the selective oxidation reaction of hydrocarbons, studies are made to enhance the performance of catalytic systems that have been selected in researches conducted in the past. Concerning the process of solid phase reaction field utilization, the project is summarized and a concept is constructed of 'solid phase catalyst.' Concerning novel reaction mechanism utilizing process technologies, development is discussed of a novel process using membrane reactor, a highly functional hydrogen permeable membrane, a low-temperature dehydrogenation catalyst, etc., and a dehydrogenation membrane reactor is experimentally built. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 2000 survey report on R and D results of advanced clean energy vehicle; 2000 nendo kokoritsu clean energy jidosha no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With problems inherent to clean energy vehicles such as cruising distance, fuel supply and fuel consumption, ACEVs (advanced clean energy vehicles) are in demand featuring both low pollution and high efficiency compatibly. This paper explains the fiscal 2000 results of development. The target is, by using oil-alternative fuel, to reduce driving energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission to less than half and to control the life cycle cost (total of manufacturing cost, operating cost, fuel cost, etc.) to not more than twice as much as those of conventional vehicles. As ACEVs, an ANG (adsorbed natural gas) engine and flywheel battery mounted passenger car was selected, as were a CNG ceramics engine and capacitor mounted truck, CNG engine and lithium-ion battery mounted truck, LNG engine and capacitor mounted bus, and a DME engine and capacitor mounted bus. All are hybrid systems with an energy saving device. In the research of synthetic fuels, the results of the studies were summarized including the effect of various synthetic light oils on engine performance, fuel characteristics, effect of PM grain size and the optimum properties. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1998 research report. Feasibility survey on offshore wind power generation in Japan; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Nippon ni okeru yojo furyoku hatsuden no donyu kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This survey studied the feasibility of large-scale offshore wind power generation in Japan. Attempt was also made on preparation of outline maps of offshore wind around Japan. The cost of future offshore wind power generation systems is roughly dependent on technical issues and environmental issues. As technical issues, 'installation site,' 'foundation,' 'system interconnection' and 'maintenance/management' were summarized based on applications in Europe. As a result, it was clarified that technical issues can be solved with existing technologies to a certain extent, however, those relate to economical problems closely. The previous environment impact assessments say that wind power generation has no problems on the environmental issues. As relatively strong wind coastal areas, the outline maps of offshore wind point out Western Hokkaido area, Japan Sea area of Tohoku district, Pacific ocean area of the central part of Honshu, Genkai Nada area, Western Kyushu area and Southwest islands area, and suggest that these areas are promising for offshore wind power generation. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1999 research and development results. Technological development of superconducting power storage systems; Chodendo denryoku chozo system gijutsu kaihatsu 1999 nendo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The research and development project is implemented for technological surveys on the superconducting power storage system (SMES) for cost reduction and high-temperature SMES, and the FY 1999 results are reported. The SMES cost analysis/evaluation program establishes the (basic flow for cost analysis/evaluation) for cost evaluation. The program for the SMES systems for system stabilization sets the specifications of 100MW as output and 15kWh as storage capacity at the generator end and intermediate switching station. The program for SMES systems for load fluctuation compensation and frequency control sets the specifications of 100MW as output and 500kWh as storage capacity at the installation site as the load end, and the investigation of high-temperature SMES technology is conducted on the conceptual designs of the SMES for system stabilization application (100MW, 15kWh) of toroidal coil type. The optimization designs are made for these systems. The investigation of the technology for high-temperature superconducting wires involves fabrication on a trial basis and evaluation for the characteristic evaluation coils, and characteristic measurement and applicability investigation for the large-current short conductor. (NEDO)

  9. Report on the 1997 Coal Engineer Training Program General Course Training; 1997 nendo sekitan gijutsusha yosei jigyo ippan course kenshu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    The paper reported training in the fiscal 1997 coal engineer training course. The training was made in a period from June 9 to November 12 in terms of actual training, English training, joint seminar, visits to the related facilities in Japan, overseas training, etc. for 10 engineers from mining companies, oil companies and electric power companies. In the actual training, the following lectures were given at International Resource University in Akita prefecture: coal exploration technology, coal situation of Australia, physical/chemical characteristics of coal and the application, coal preparation technology, coal situation in India, coal situation in the U.S., trend of general coal demand, coal situation in China, coal mining technology, actual surface mining technology, coal situation in Canada, commercial English, trend of raw coal demand, coal geology, environmental protection technology related to coal utilization, etc. Overseas training, which was divided into an Australia group and a Canada/America group, was conducted for about a month. Training in Indonesia was canceled because of a large scale forest fire which broke out immediately before the start. 88 figs., 52 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Robot control system; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Robot seigyo system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    R and D of the robot control system was conducted in the following items: 1) integrated open control system, 2) remote control robot manipulation language, 3) human factor robot use built-in LAN system, 4) built-in actuator driver. In 1), there were some problems to be pointed out around the system, but the effectiveness was confirmed as system architecture of each verification item. In 2), development/design were made of RCML(R-Cube Manipulation Language) as a remote robot manipulation language, telecommunication protocol, and the experimental system, and the international standardization was targeted. In 3), the R and D was conducted of the realtime telecommunication protocol which clears the standards for the distributed control required for construction of human factor robot and the advanced realtime micro-controller, ULSI, which is the one that the protocol was made IC. In 4), an intelligent connector for built-in actuator was developed which enables saving of wiring in robot system and plug-in connection. 13 refs., 186 figs., 53 tabs.

  11. FY 1998 report on the results of the project on the next generation structure housing development; 1998 nendo jisedai kozo jutaku kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The purpose of this project is to develop/verify technology to design/construct a structural body of multiple dwelling house which is highly durable and usable at maximum of the limited space with no projections of poles/beams, and is also to develop/verify a composite system of a structure and each house in which residential space can freely be changed horizontally/vertically in response to the leveling-up of living and changes in life style. The following were conducted: construction of an experimental house group with next generation structure; development of technology of effective space utilization/high durability body construction; development of technology of structural analysis/design systematization of antiseismic/damping system; development of commercialization of technology to heighten frame durability, development of technology to heighten durability of finishing materials of a body; development of low cost construction technology; development of technology of interface between a body and each house; verification of housing performance using a next generation body system; generalization of next generation frame system/house system. To reflect the results of the research quickly, the details of the research are systematized, and a draft is worked out of a guide for constructing the next generation frame system/house system which were arranged between the current architecture related laws and business as a general multiple dwelling house. (NEDO)

  12. Survey report on a regional new energy vision establishment project in Shirane Town; Shiranemachi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei nado jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on regional new energy vision establishment in Shirane Town, Yamanashi Prefecture. Shirane Township has taken up environment as one of the important policies in the 'Shirane Heartful Plan', and discussed different projects to introduce new energies along the said vision. The basic policy in the discussions positioned in the new energies to be introduced the solar energy having large available amount as the center, cogeneration for emergency, clean energy fueled automobiles as a means to reduce environmental load, and wind power generation as part of the environmental education courses. The planned introduction projects will include the following applications: traffic road signs powered by solar energy, clean energy fueled automobiles, a solar energy powered hot water supply system at lunch supply centers, solar energy power generation facilities for culture halls and schools, street lights powered by a solar energy and wind power hybrid generation system, solar energy power generation and cogeneration for wide-area disaster prevention facilities, and a solar heat utilization system for flower and fruit farms. (NEDO)

  13. Evaluation report on the development of polymeric material from renewable resource using biocatalyst; Seitai shokubai wo riyoshita saisei kano shigen kara no kobunshi sozai no kaihatsu hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The project aims to develop a biocatalyst-assisted synthesizing method for efficiently manufacturing sugar containing polymers and polylactic acids which generate less environmental impact. Methods were developed using the ALP-901 originating in actinomycetes for changing esterification-shy isopropylidene glucose into vinyladipic ester and for esterifying arbutin. A study was made of the polymerization of sugar ester monomers, and a polymer with a molecular weight of scores of thousands was obtained. The biodegradability of sugar containing polymers was confirmed. Using an enzyme, a polymer with a molecular weight of 1200 was obtained. Using a lipase derived from psudomonas cepacia, a polylactic acid was obtained from lactide. A high-function polylactic acid was obtained in a reaction between methyl lactate and divinyladipate. In a reaction between butanediol and lactide, several lactic oligomers different in molecular weight were synthesized, which were then brought into reaction with divinylcarboxylic acid in the presence of an enzyme for the production of polymerizable lactic oligomers. Similarly, polymerizable lactic oligomer derivatives were obtained from glucose and lactide. The oligomers and derivatives were brought into polymerization in the presence of a radical polymerization initiator for the production of polymeric gels, respectively. (NEDO)

  14. Research report. Environmentally friendly energy community research business for Yumesu district, Osaka Port; Osakawan Yumesu chiku kankyo chowagata energy community chosa jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A study is conducted on an energy supply infrastructure for introducing a cogeneration system into the Yumesu district, which is a key point for the development of Osaka City, so that environments suitable for the 21st century will be formed and sustained. In the study, plural heat supply systems are discussed for the district. Taken up also are the possible utilization of heat from the waste incineration plant to be constructed on the neighboring Maisu island and of hitherto-unexploited energy sources such as seawater and the sewage treatment plant whose construction is now under consideration. Findings are that every method under study achieves an energy-saving rate of 5% and that the introduction of an urban type power plant will obtain the best result marking an approximately 22% energy-saving rate when its exhaust heat is effectively utilized. The order remains the same when their environmental features are surveyed, with the urban type cogeneration system holding first place with a NOx reduction rate of 37.7%. When it comes to economy, however, the method of effectively utilizing the exhaust heat from cogeneration power plants installed at consumers' marks the best result, this attributed to the low cost of pipe laying in the district. (NEDO)

  15. Evaluation report on research and development of an ultra-advanced processing system. 3; Chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho. 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-08-01

    This paper describes comprehensive evaluation on the following technologies as the ultra-advanced processing system: (1) large output excimer laser, (2) high-density ion beam, (3) an ultra-precision machining device, (4) ultra-advanced processing, (5) measurement and evaluation, and (6) comprehensive test. In the item (1), research and development was performed on such technologies as output increasing, output stabilization and beam formation, having achieved the targets. In the item (2), research and development was performed on such technologies as beam convergence, plasma control, ion transportation, high-frequency quadruple pole acceleration, and large-capacity class ion beam, having achieved the targets. In the item (3), research and development was performed on form creation and ultra-precision machining, having achieved the targets. In the item (4), research and development was performed on formation of high function thin films to apply the laser abrasion process to large area, ion surface modification, wide band area optics, high reflectance optics, ion injection, dynamic mixing, and modification of ultra high-grade metal surface, having achieved the targets. In the item (5), research and development was performed on high-accuracy roughness measurement, shape measurement, optical property evaluation, a wavelength meter, ultra advanced processing standard measurement, and environment correction technology, having achieved the targets. In the item (6), comprehensive demonstration was carried out on the component technologies. (NEDO)

  16. FY 2000 report on information exchanges/analytical survey for improvement of energy consumption efficiency; 2000 nendo energy shohi koritsuka joho kokan bunseki chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the purpose of surveying the situation of the arrangement of methods of energy conservation promotion and the emissions trading system in developing countries by Japan having the effectiveness or in cooperation with developed countries, information was collected through the participation in international conferences related to energy conservation promotion, etc. and by visits at governmental organizations in charge in developed countries and developing countries. The results of the survey were classified into the following four items: 1) survey method; 2) exchanges of information on energy conservation in main 3 developing counties; 3) exchanges of information of energy conservation in the main developed countries; 4) exchanges of information of the emissions trading system (international trading system of energy conservation values (greenhouse effect gas emission right)). In 4), survey was made on the following: the emissions trading system for the inside of company group (BP-Amoco), the details of the emissions trading system for one country (the U.K.), the grapple with the emissions trading by a private trading organization (NATSOURCE Co.), and the handle with the emissions trading system by each of the OECD countries. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1997 research and development of fusion domains. Part 2. Studies on bionic design; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho (yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu). 1. Bionic design no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Studies were conducted on actuator function in bio materials, cells, structures, and living organisms, and on structuring a biological molecule machine. In the study on soft biological structures, biological compatibility of artificial glass bodies using ultra-polymeric PVA was found very high, raising expectation on feasibility of their practical use. Three-dimensional structure of glass bodies was made clear for the first time in the world. As a result of separating and purifying cells from a liver for the first time in the world, it was indicated that excellent proliferation performance and differentiation into cells are shown. With regard to hydroxyapatite in hard biological structure such as bones and teeth, single crystals were synthesized, and growth rate on the surface C was measured successfully. For molecular motors, studies are being performed on functions of twin-head structure in biological protein enzyme. In molecule structuring, studies were conducted on preparation of a hydrogenase LB membrane as an electric-hydrogen energy conversion element, and structuring of protein molecular structure using gene recombination. 69 refs., 37 figs., 8 tabs.

  18. Research report of fiscal 1997. Study on profitability evaluation technique for waste power generation; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Haikibutsu hatsuden ni kansuru keizaisei hyoka shuho no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For diffusion of waste power generation, cost reduction is important. As the profitability evaluation technique for conventional waste power systems, a simple recovery year method, total waste treatment cost method, generation cost method, and evaluation method by accumulated balance sheet are presented along with their principles. For the generation cost method, trial calculation results are presented based on documents reported. From methods for the study in Institute of Applied Energy, some estimation methods of construction cost are presented, and generation cost and profitability evaluation were studied by parametric accumulation method. The profitability was calculated for RDF power systems, and it was clarified that although as a whole this system is more efficient than a simple refuse incineration system, the balance sheet of local governments is dependent on a responsibility range for the facility. In a combined type (super refuse power generation), generally municipalities bear a combustor and boiler, while a prefecture bears generation facilities. Because of large scale generation, the profitability is dependent on a selling price of electricity. 37 refs., 36 figs., 24 tabs.

  19. Global environmental benefits of industrial heat pumps (fiscal 1993); 1993 nendo koon heat pumping gijutsu ni yoru chikyu ondanka keigen koka ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    An investigational study was conducted aiming at making a quantitative grasp of effects of the spread of industrial heat pumps on energy conservation and greenhouse gas reduction and at promoting the spread. Finally, the following eight countries joined this international joint research: Canada, France, Japan, Holland, Norway, Sweden, the U.K. and the U.S. Each country share the work and expenses for the research with each other. Japan made investigational researches on the application of heat pumps to processes of the chemical industry, oil refining industry, food industry, paper/pulp industry, and dyeing/weaving industry, and on the effects of greenhouse gas reduction. As procedures taken, values up to 2010 were estimated of energy prices in each country, energy supply/demand, rates of the heat source configuration for electric power supply, etc., the heat flow of the above-mentioned process was made clear, and analyses were conducted of annual profits, energy consumption, and depreciation period in the case of adopting heat pumps. Moreover, the energy conservation amount and greenhouse effect gas reduction amount were estimated based on the result of the analyses. 69 figs., 196 tabs.

  20. Fiscal 2000 research achievement report. Super-advanced electronics technologies development promotion project; 2000 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Cho sentan gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-05-01

    For the construction of a common base of key technologies in the domain of electronics and information with the influence propagating across a wide range of industries, research and development was conducted of technologies of ultrafine working process, technologies of ultimate measurement, analysis, and control, technologies of new functional electronic materials, etc. Studied in the field of electron beam lithography were high precision and large area imaging technology, highly accurate electron optics control system technology, and beam monitoring technology. Studied in the field of ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning system technology were proximity ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning system technology, reduced ultrashort wavelength electromagnetic wave patterning system technology, and ultrahigh precision new materials patterning technology. Also studied were technologies of super-advanced plasma measurement, analysis, and control, and technology of super-advanced cleaning. In the field of technologies of new functional elements and films, studies were conducted about technologies of highly sensitive GMR (giant magnetoresistive) film and head fabrication process for contact magnetic recording and technologies of a spin-valve head with submicron track width for contact magnetic recording. (NEDO)

  1. Report on `Survey of commercialization of intellectual ownership such as patent rights`; `Tokkyoken nado chiteki shoyuken no jitsuyoka ni kansuru chosa` hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    A survey was conducted on research results in industrial circles, universities, etc. in the U.S., Europe and Japan, especially the state of how intellectual ownership such as patent rights is handled and the present situation of the commercialization of intellectual ownership, proposing problems and measures to be taken for promotion of practical use of excellent research results in Japan. The most important thing obtained from the survey is that study jointly by industrial circles and universities in the U.S. and Europe is much more advancing than that in Japan and is firmly established not only in industrial circles, universities and national research institutes, but in the whole society, actually producing a lot of favorable results. For Japan to catch up with the U.S. and Europe, needed is not only accumulation of the ideas in the past, but drastic measures to be taken from a new point of view. Concretely, it was proposed that by belonging intellectual properties such as patent rights to universities/research institutes and transferring their disposal rights to them, royalties of licenses are given back to inventors as incentives, and that as a body promoting the transfer to the industrial circle, `management organization` to which private vitality is introduced is established in universities/research institutes in order to promote interconnection between the industrial circle and universities. 15 refs., 35 figs., 36 tabs.

  2. Research report for fiscal 1998. Research into the recycling of plastic wastes into resources; 1998 nendo hai plastic no saishigenka ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The actualities in Japan are investigated of the types and quantities of plastic wastes, collection and recovery systems, and recycling technologies. Plastic wastes exceeded 9-million tons in 1996, of which 39% was effectively utilized while 61% was merely incinerated or used for reclamation. The 61% of the plastic wastes which are equivalent to oil resources in terms of the energy they contain is found dealt with in such ways, for which additional energy has to be consumed. Some problems are mentioned that occur in the CO2 gas reduction effort in the process of plastic waste recycling for each of its stages of production, distribution, assortment, recovery, and reuse. The problems involve the required reform into production designs and systems with the greatest importance attached to recyclability; share of the expenses between the producing and distributing parties and financial support to assortment/recovery systems; reform of consciousness of both people at large and the administrative organizations, mutual collaboration between them, and reasonable share of expenses between them; construction of a unified assortment/recovery system; expansion of the scope of use of recycled products and the building of environments that encourage their use; diversification of recycling methods and establishment of technologies therefor; and limits on the use of materials and products that generate heavy impacts on environments during their life cycles. (NEDO)

  3. FY1998 report on the surveys and studies on developing next generation chemical process technologies; 1998 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For further resource and energy conservation and environmental load reduction, development is necessary on innovative chemical reaction technologies. This paper describes surveys on next generation chemical processes. As non-halogen processes subject to development of new catalysts, new processes were investigated and searching experiments and discussions were given on isocyanate, propylene oxide, and phenol. Technological progress in the C1 chemistry was investigated. Problems in hydrocarbon compound oxidation, hydroxylation, and decomposition by utilizing microorganisms were put into order as application of environmentally friendly technologies. Marine biotechnical possibilities were surveyed. The surveys were given on new processes utilizing the phase transfer catalyst forming a third phase, manufacture of biodegradable plastics, and a novel reaction system combined with self-separation process using molecular assembly. Possibilities were searched on designing a truly simple production system of highly energy saving type. Such fundamental common technologies as structure analysis, property control and reaction engineering were investigated for methods to manufacture functional micro-powder chemical materials. Development was discussed on a system for technology assessment over whole product life cycle to structure a technology assessment basis. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Mizusawa research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Mizusawa) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Welfare Technohouse Mizusawa was established in June 1998 for the development of a health monitoring system, designed for aged people living alone, under which various sensors function without imposing any restriction on the aged people who do not even feel the presence of such sensors. The contents of the development effort include studies for putting ADL (activities of daily living) remote sensors to practical application, evaluation tests for 16 types of sensors, and narrowing down of the 16 types to a smaller number of serviceable ones (by inputting the outputs of them all into one personal computer and by comparing them with the actual life of aged people). Some aged people are made to stay experimentally at a house of comfortable nursing care, and the resultant data are analyzed and reported. Research and development is conducted of daily necessities, welfare appliances, and living environment-related facilities for people of advanced age. Joint efforts with local enterprises will be propelled forward. In fiscal 1998, 6 people have experienced a 3-night stay at the said technohouse, to be monitored by the said 16 types of sensors. Actually, data worth analysis have been obtained from 8 types only. Several out of the 16 necessary for health monitoring will be installed at the residences of some old people living alone. It is planned that the data to be collected will be exchanged via CATV (community antenna television). (NEDO)

  5. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on Welfare Technosystem Takaoka research and development; 1998 nendo Walfare technosystem kenkyu kaihatsu (Takaoka) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In an effort at developing nursing equipment, a cursor-controlled system for on-the-screen operation is experimentally constructed, which facilitates the use of indoor electronic devices and help aged persons engaged in in-house work. Vocal communicators are investigated for feasibility. In relation to equipment for mobility training, a dynamic equilibrium function evaluating system is experimentally built, and a system for electric stimulation-aided mobility rehabilitation is studied. Sensors are imbedded into the stool, and an excellent result is obtained in the measurement of the user's weight and the discharged amount. Studies are conducted about algorithm for calculating changes in heartbeats while bathing and about recording electrocardiograms while in bed. For welfare equipment to be effectively utilized at home, it has to be easy to use on the one hand and, on the other hand, house configuration and facilities have to be appropriate for welfare equipment application. It is important to improve the mechanism of providing advice on house modification and to expand financial assistance. A measuring method is developed using the state of the art in sensor technologies for the construction of a system for checking old people's activities of daily living, and their activities are evaluated. The system supplies a sufficient amount of data to grasp their behavior, which shows that it is a serviceable system. (NEDO)

  6. FY 2000 report on the results of the R and D of solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC); 2000 nendo kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    Development of fuel cell power generation technology and R and D of solid oxide fuel cells were carried out, and reports of the FY 2000 results of companies were summed up. As to the R and D of the cell module, the R and D on the wet type cylinder module were made jointly by Toto Ltd., Kyushu Electric Power Co. and Nippon Steel Corp. As to the R and D of materials/basic technology, the following were conducted: evaluation of reliability of the cell module (evaluation of thermal cycle characteristics, etc.) by Chubu Electric Power Co., evaluation of reliability of the cell module (cell characteristics/stress evaluation) by Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd., cost reduction of cell materials (evaluation of chemical characteristics) by Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, and cost reduction of cell materials (evaluation of mechanical/thermal characteristics) by Japan Fine Ceramics Center. Concerning the system study, study of the system (adaptation fields of the small system and the optimization) was conducted by Nippon Steel Corp. (NEDO)

  7. Research report. Environmentally friendly energy community research business (Minami-guchi District, Sapporo Railway Station); Sapporoeki minamiguchi chiku chosa hokokusho. Kankyo chowagata energy community chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Feasibility of commercialization is discussed of an environmentally friendly heat supply system for the above-named district. The research centers on the configuration and optimum dimensions of heat source equipment for a large-scale cogeneration-aided district heat supply system to be selected for introduction into the district. Discussion is made about the energy efficiency and environment preserving features of a system selected for employment. A study is then conducted on a plant consisting of two high-efficiency 4800kW gas turbine cogeneration systems and heat storing water tanks. Such when introduced will contribute to the levelling-off of urban power loads and to the enhancement of power peak cut through the utilization of cogeneration system-generated power and midnight power. When the exhaust heat from the cogeneration system is fully exploited, the system will achieve an energy saving effect approximately 9% higher than that exhibited by separately functioning heat source systems. Furthermore, CO2 will be reduced by 20% or more, NOx by 45% or more, and SOx by 46% or more, as compared with separately functioning heat source systems. The conclusive evaluation is that the above-selected system will sufficiently contribute to the preservation of environments. (NEDO)

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Surgery support system for brain tumors and other conditions; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Noshuyo nado shujutsu shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Development has been made on element technologies for the surgery support system for brain tumors and other conditions. Discussions were given on principles of the function for sensing a distance from a tip of microscopic manipulator, and a prototype system was fabricated, and its principles were confirmed. In order to develop a multiple manipulator cooperative control technique, an algorithm for interference determination was structured as cooperative control function to be incorporated in the micro manipulator system. Its prototype control program was produced, and the functions thereof were confirmed. In order to develop image photographing and indication of three-dimensional high-definition surgical visions, manufacture was performed on a second prototype of a video-microscope for surgical vision photographing. A small camera was incorporated into the microscope, and given evaluation. In addition, a stereoscopic viewer was discussed for surgeons. For the purpose of developing an intraoperative positioning system for imaging instruments, discussions were given on the markers, the location pointer, and the light emitting reference for the consistency of the coordinate unification procedure. Preoperative surgical planning and intraoperative composite display technologies were developed. The prototype system was used in the operation aiding system to perform operation experiments on its operability and the function of forceps, where evaluations were given. (NEDO)

  9. Japan's New Sunshine Project. 1998 annual summary of hydrogen energy R and D; New sunshine keikaku 1998 nendo seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Suiso energy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-04-01

    Summarized herein are the reports on R and D efforts on hydrogen energy, as part of the FY 1998 New Sunshine Project. For production of hydrogen, characteristics related to transport number were investigated for steam electrolysis at high temperature, in which a sintered ceramic powder was used as the electrolyte and the cell was equipped with platinum electrodes. For utilization of hydrogen, energy conversion techniques were investigated using hydrogen occluding alloys for testing methods for alloy microstructures and hydrogenation characteristics, and preparation of and performance testing methods for the cathodes charged with the aid of hydrogen gas. For analysis/assessment for development of hydrogen-related techniques, the investigated items included water electrolysis with solid polymer electrolytes, hydrogen transport techniques using metal hydrides, hydrogen storing techniques using metal hydrides, hydrogen engines, and techniques for preventing hydrogen embrittlement. Analysis/assessment for development of hydrogen turbines was also investigated as one of the 12 R and D themes reported herein. (NEDO)

  10. Report on survey of promotion of activities implemented jointly in China in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Chugoku ni okeru kyodo jisshi katsudo no suishin chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Rapid economy growth has been observed in Asia including Japan. On the other hand, problems of population and environment grew even worse with the economic growth. Especially, China is the second CO2 emission country in the world. Large energy demand is still forecasted with its economic growth in the future. It is well-known that the energy consumption per unit GDP is very large. Therefore, it is very significant to promote the activities implemented jointly with China for mitigating the emission of greenhouse gases including CO2, which provides a significant meaning for solving global environmental issues as well as for improving regional environmental issues. It is necessary for the above to recognize the appropriate current situations and to promote the activities implemented jointly suitable for the country. Based on the discussions and information exchanges about environmental issues with staffs concerning environmental policies and scientists as well as the field surveys, methods for the activities implemented jointly were investigated to provide some proposals. 4 figs., 8 tabs.

  11. Research report for fiscal 1998. Research into the trends of low-carbon automotive fuel manufacturing technologies; 1998 nendo jidoshayo teitanso nenryo no seizo gijutsu doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Studies are made of optimum materials and methods for manufacturing low-carbon fuels for reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. When their thermal dynamic limits and the technological maturity are considered, it is inferred that no extensive improvement will be achieved by merely improving on the efficiency of the existing fuels. The use of various high-efficiency driving power sources utterly different in mechanism from the conventional ones, such as those for fuel cell-powered automobiles, and the promotion of the use of low-carbon fuels such as methanol and methane for all kinds of driving power sources including those for the said fuel cell-powered automobiles, will become necessary. The use will also be necessary of recyclable materials. The biomass resources, in particular, since they absorb CO2 gas in their growing process by virtue of photosynthesis, may be said to be free of CO2 gas emissions. They have their own problems, however, which involve the economy of energy consumed for their production, harvesting, transportation, and conversion into fuels. It is therefore required that their whole life cycle be studied before their greenhouse gas reduction effect may be correctly assessed. The quantities of resources available for the production of automotive low-carbon fuels, manufacturing technologies, etc., are first of all put in order for easy perusal. An effective way is assessed for the whole including the life cycle. (NEDO)

  12. Survey report on a new energy vision establishment in Gushikawa City (a survey on the initial phase); Gushikawashi chiiki shin energy vision sakutei chosa hokokusho (shoki dankai chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Discussions were given on the new energy vision at Gushikawa City in Okinawa Prefecture. The energy demand in Gushikawa City is estimated as 829.3 billion 73 million kcal, which is about half of the national average per population. By departments, the consumer department has a very large demand of about two times as much as the national average, while the demand in the industrial department is as low as about 38% of the national average. The energy demand by kind is in the order of electric power, gasoline and heavy oil. With respect to energy supply, the Okinawa Electric Power Company Gushikawa Power Plant supplies 561.60 billion kcal. The expected new energy availability is estimated as 47087 x 10{sup 3} kWh/year by solar energy power generation, 7174 x 10{sup 3} kWh/year by wind power generation, 1662 kWh/year by ocean wave power generation. Wastes energy availability is estimated as 74990 x 10{sup 6} kcal/year in the sum of general and stockbreeding wastes energy. Specific plans discussed introduction of solar energy power generation and small wind power generation systems to primary and middle schools, gymnasiums, urban area redevelopment projects, coastal parks, street lights, low-temperature warehouses, prefectural hospitals, and multi-purpose welfare centers. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on the research and development of energy efficient CNC hobbing machine; 2000 nendo sho energy CNC hobuban no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Development is under way of a dry cutting type CNC (computer numerical control) hobbing machine to work on a reduced amount of cutting oil for the purpose of energy conservation. Research efforts are exerted in the five fields of (1) the fabrication and study of a 4-groove master worm/wheel system, (2) fabrication of a high-speed auto-loader, (3) establishment of an effective chip removal method, (4) evaluation of oil-free sliding surfaces, and (5) a study of protection of tooth flanks from damage. In field (1), a 4-groove master worm/wheel system is fabricated to replace the 3-groove master worm/wheel system so as to prevent the worm revolution rate from increasing when the work table revolution rate is higher for speedier cutting work. As for engagement precision which indicates the machining accuracy of a worm/wheel system, which is standardized to be 25 seconds, the newly fabricated system marks 16 seconds in the right revolution and 12 seconds in the reverse revolution. The goals that a high-speed auto-loader is to achieve include a shortened cutting work standby time for energy conservation, prevention of chip accumulation, and prevention of chip caused defective loading. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1999 achievement report. Research and development of energy efficient CNC (computer numerical control) gear hobbing machine; 1999 nendo sho energy CNC hobuban no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A large quantity of cutting oil is used in the cutting work for suppressing tool wear and for improving machining precision. From the viewpoint of energy conservation or environmental protection, use of cutting oil should be avoided. Such being the case, efforts were made to develop a gear hobbing process dispensing with cutting oil (energy efficient hobbing machine). An energy efficient hobbing machine was designed and fabricated and technical problems to solve toward practical application were studied. For the realization of an oil-free machine, a belt was employed for driving the hobbing shaft, grease was fed for bearing lubrication, a servo was used for elevation, and a linear guide was used for the support arm, and these eliminated sliding surfaces requiring lubrication. The hob and the work were cooled by air. The experimentally constructed machine was evaluated for oil-free sliding surface endurance, prevention of scratches from occurring on teeth, thermal deformation and displacement, hob wear, and the energy saving effect. The amount of electric power that the new machine consumes is found to be 30% less than that consumed by the conventional type. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1997 research and development of fusion domains. Part 1. Studies on cluster science; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho (yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu). 1. Cluster Science no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Studies were made on clusters which are thought to play important roles in status changes in substances (coagulation, crystallization and phase segregation) and chemical reactions (combustion, aqueous solution reaction and catalytic reaction). In the study of clusters by using infrared spectra, a method was developed to detect by using mass analyzer the cluster ion amount produced by dual resonance between resonantly enhanced multiphoton ionization (REMPI) and infrared lights. Fabrication of a Terahertz spectrometer was planned to enable high-resolution and high-accuracy observation on molecular clusters. Clusters consisting of silver atoms and ammonia molecules were successfully observed. A method was developed to investigate size dependence of cluster reactivity by using a Fourier converted ion cyclotron resonant mass analyzer. In addition, studies were conducted on clusters in liquids and aqueous solutions, clusters frozen in surface and matrix, and clusters stabilized in micro-space. 96 refs., 34 figs., 2 tabs.

  16. Fiscal 1998 research report. Study on the possibility of international cooperation for high- efficiency urban heat use systems for CO{sub 2} reduction; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. CO{sub 2} sakugen no tame no toshi netsu riyo system kokoritsuka ni kakawaru kokusai kyoryoku kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This research aims at study on the possibility of international cooperation such as technology transfer and technical cooperation between developed countries for introduction of high-efficiency urban heat use systems into developing countries from the viewpoint of global warming control. On the case of a city in the south-eastern district in China, this research studies the principle of international cooperation such as technology transfer and research cooperation through survey on social and economical restrictions to their introduction into developing countries and study on a CO{sub 2} reduction effect by the introduction. This report describes the current technology for high-efficiency urban heat use systems in developed countries, the current energy use in Chinese cities and some issues, current heat use technologies, the case study on the potential and constraint of high- efficiency urban heat use systems, and the case study on the CO{sub 2} reduction effect of the high-efficiency urban heat use system. Expectation for Japanese technical cooperation as such international cooperation is described. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 result report. Report on the results of the examinational research on the trend of technology development in the iron/steel industry; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Tekko sangyo no gijutsu kaihatsu doko nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The trend of the technology development in the Japanese iron/steel industry was compared with those in foreign countries and surveyed to increase the international competitive strength. From the viewpoints of technology, industry and goods, the iron/steel field was characterized based on the statistic data, and especially automobile use steel materials were selected such as cold rolling high tension steel sheet, surface treated steel sheet, and bearing sheet. The analysis of factors of competitive superiority was conducted, and the following were presented: measures for process continuation, and measures taken from the age of equipment and cost indexes. The paper also surveyed the trend of pig iron making/steel making technology in Asia. The present international technical competitiveness in the iron/steel industry in Japan, especially of automobile use steel sheet, is very high. This is because of the well-functioned demand-oriented development, and also as a result of the mutually influentially conducted equipment development such as process continuation and development of new goods, supposing the iron/steel continuous process and reduction in impurities. However, fears are the stagnation in the recent technical development strength and the saturation of new equipment. Moreover, the further heightening is needed of the international cost competitive strength of general-purpose products. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the results of efforts for fiscal 1997. Development of technologies for creating high-quality crystal materials for low-loss power control devices; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho. Teisonshitsu denryoku seigyo soshiyo kohinshitsu kessho zairyo sosei gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Basic technologies are developed for the manufacture of high-quality crystal materials large in diameter and homogeneous in property which will allow power control semiconductor devices to grow more sophisticated in function and to be lower in the loss they suffer. Physical properties of molten semiconductor and the like are measured accurately, which include surface tension, density, viscosity, electric conductivity, thermal conductivity, emissivity, diffusion coefficient, vapor pressure, heat capacity, contact angle, and solid solution equilibrium distribution coefficient. In computer-aided simulation, as in the previous year, simulation codes are developed for the analysis of flow, temperature distribution, and diffusion behavior in the gas phase; simulation codes are developed for the analysis of 3D unsteady thermal flows in the melt; and a main program is developed which governs experimental calculations. As for experiments in model Czochralski crucibles, small crucible are used in which experiments are conducted in the temperature range of normal to 200degC for the acquisition of experimental data for verification. Measured by use of the model crucibles are the temperature distribution in the bath, the surface flow speeds, and the flows inside the melt. 140 refs., 153 figs., 10 tabs.

  19. FY 2001 report on the results of the development of the hydrothermal utilization power plant, etc. Development of collecting technology for deep geothermal resources (Development of production technology for deep geothermal resources); 1992 - 2001 nessui riyo hatsuden plant tou kaihatsu sokatsu seika hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu - Shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu (2001 nendo seika hokokusho bessatsu shiryo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    For making effective/economical collection of deep geothermal resources, development was made from FY 1991 to FY 2001 of the 'drilling technology for deep geothermal resources' and 'production technology for deep geothermal resources,' and the results were summarized. As to the development of logging technology, the PTSD logging system was developed which can measure temperature/pressure/flow velocity/fluid density in geothermal well under the environment of temperature of 400 degrees C. Concerning the development of monitoring technology, development was made of the PT monitoring system that can make the long-term continuous measuring of temperature/pressure in deep geothermal observation well under the environment of temperature of 400 degrees C and of the C monitoring system that samples geothermal fluids at regular intervals to grasp changes in chemical component. Relating to the development of high temperature tracer monitoring technology, the following were conducted: extraction of high temperature tracer agent that can be used in geothermal reservoirs under the environment of temperature of 300 degrees C, development of simulator, and establishment of how to put tracer agent into the reservoir and how to analyze tracer agent. Further, the R and D were made of scale monitoring technology and scale prevention/removal technology. (NEDO)

  20. Research report of fiscal 1997. Basic research project on energy saving in developing countries (cooperative research on oil saving / basic research on the industry of Thailand); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo sekiyu shohi koritsuka kyoryoku chosa (Taikoku sangyo kiso chosa hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Field research was made for oil saving in Thailand. To promote energy saving in a textile industry as main export industry, its motivation for production stuff is essential in business improvement. Proposal for work improvement, supply system of bonuses, and small-group activity are effective. Management of an energy consumption rate is essential in business management. Use of efficient waste water treatment equipment is also one of the issues. In food factories, various scopes for improvement are still found by mass/heat balance analysis in production process. As an example, a large amount of water is consumed in vain for washing raw rice in a rice powder factory, and separation of SS precipitate from waste water should be improved. Because of lagoon treatment, an effluent standard is not achieved in spite of consumption of wasteful aeration power. This treatment is reasonable because of its scale and site, although the standard can be achieved by activated sludge method. Reconsideration of the standard is also necessary based on a local total BOD load capacity. The profitability of a methane fermentation method should be examined. 72 figs., 95 tabs.

  1. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the R and D on the invention of high-level combustion technology using the microgravity environment; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho (bisho juryoku kankyo wo riyoshita kodo nensho gijutsu soshutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of achieving both the diversification of energy resources and the reduction in environmental pollutants in fuel exhaust gases, the paper conducted elucidation of combustion phenomena using microgravity facilities and research on combustors which make high-level combustion possible. In the experimental study using microgravity experimental facilities, conducted were evaluation experiments on combustion/evaporation of fuel droplets and droplet groups, elucidation/evaluation experiments of combustion characteristics of high-density fuels, evaluation experiments of flammability limit, and elucidation/evaluation experiments of emission mechanisms of NOx, etc. Analysis/evaluation of the data obtained and elucidation of the combustion mechanism were conducted. Further, by applying the results of the microgravity experiment, the high-level combustor experimental facilities were fabricated, and validation tests were started. In the international joint research with US`s NASA, the following were conducted using JAMIC`s facilities and NASA`s 2.2 second drop tower: study of mutual interference of droplet series combustion, study of binary system fuel droplet series combustion, study of combustion characteristics of solid fuels, study of behavior of flames around the lean flammable limit, etc. 151 refs., 253 figs., 7 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 1994 geothermal development promotion survey. Report on structural exploratory drilling works in the Sarukuradake area (N6-SR-2); 1994 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Sarukuradake chiiki kozo shisui kussaku koji (N6-SR-2) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-01-01

    The paper reported the result of exploratory drilling works done in the Sarugadake area as a part of the survey of the fiscal 1994 NEDO geothermal development promotion. The area is a mountainous area located approximately 10km southwest of the Aizu basin and is consisted of ridges 700-900m above sea level (the highest is 907m at Sarukuradake) and sharp slopes which are the lower part of the ridges. The area adjacent to the north has a flat topography 400-500m above sea level with the Nishiyama hot spa as a center, and the Yanaizu Nishiyama geothermal power plant is there. Around 295-345m below sea level, there is a clayey zone which is seemingly a fault. There are sections where there are lots of cracks around between 1200m and 1600m below sea level. However, lost circulation was seen only at 419m below the sea. The distribution of earth temperature is a typical thermal conducting type in which the temperature linearly increases toward the deep area, and the highest temperature was 194{degree}C at a depth of 1800m. The average temperature gradient was 1.03{degree}C/10m, and there are generally seen few changes. Abnormality of the self potential corresponded to boundaries of fracture zones or geological layers/rock facies, and resistivity changes. The distribution of resistivity was also shown. As a result of the water injection test, water permeability of this mine was unfavorable. 4 refs., 26 figs., 38 tabs.

  3. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Feasibility study of the environmentally friendly type coal utilization system (survey of the coal utilization in Pakistan); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kankyo chowagata sekitan riyo system kanosei chosa (Pakistan ni okeru sekitan riyo gaikyo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper made a literature survey, hearing survey, site survey/study on the coal in Pakistan such as the coal utilization system and the environmental situation, etc., and aimed at pre-examination for the survey of the introduction of the environmentally friendly type coal utilization system to be planned in Pakistan in the future. The examination, data collection and preparation were conducted in terms of the following items: the structure of coal consumption in energy supply, structure of coal consumption, mainly of domestic brown coal consumption, the situation of coal utilization by industry and by region, environmental problems caused by coal utilization such as air pollution, the trend of policies of environmental regulation, etc. The literature on the following was obtained and surveyed: the situation of economy/energy in Pakistan, coal utilization technology by industrial field, and environmental protection technology. The hearing survey was made to institutions concerned, corporation groups and men of learning and experience. Site surveys were conducted for the typically selected coal utilization equipment and existing environmental protection equipment. 66 figs., 56 tabs.

  4. Fiscal 1998 report on data processing for geothermal energy development enhancement. No. A-4 Mount Kumbetsu area (primary data processing); 1998 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa data shori hokokusho. No.A-4. Kunbetsu chiiki (dai 1 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    This is part of the state-operated 'geothermal energy development enhancement' project, under which a comprehensive analysis is conducted into the results of a survey of geothermal resources in existence in the Mount Kumbetsu area. The local geothermal structure is examined, and the Kumbetsu hot spring area, the Uebetsu river middle reach area, and the Unabetsu hot spring area are extracted as promising high-temperature supply areas. The Kumbetsu hot spring area and the Uebetsu river middle reach area lie on a heave positioned west of the Mount Musa/Mount Shitabanupuri fault. There is a distinguished bending in the zone of discontinuous resistivity, and, when geology is considered, it is inferred that there exists a geothermal fluid field formed by the Mount Musa/Mount Shitabanupuri fault running NNW-SSW and a fracture zone that runs across the fault. The two areas are located at spots where gravity gradient is sharp. It is concluded that, with the alteration zone, temperature distribution, etc., also taken into account, the Kumbetsu hot spring area is the more promising as a source of geothermal energy. The water of the Kumbetsu hot spring is of the Cl-SO{sub 4} type, 64.5 degrees C hot and neutral, and arises from the depth where water of meteoric origin is heated by heat conduction. The heat source is supposedly the magma reservoir whose eruption once formed Mount Unabetsu etc. (NEDO)

  5. Interim report on research and development in fiscal 1994 on creating high-level combustion technology utilizing micro gravity environment; Bisho juryoku kankyo wo riyoshita kodo nensho gijutsu soshutsuni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu chukan hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    The present research investigation is intended to create high-level combustion technology that can respond to requirement of reducing environment contaminants in fuel exhaust gases, from the viewpoints of energy diversification as seen from stable energy supply and global environment preservation. A site survey was carried out on executing international joint research works, experiments were performed by suing the micro gravity experimental facilities, and the experimental data were analyzed and evaluated, with the research period having been extended to September 1994. The experiments were carried out by using the facilities at the underground gravity-free experiment center. This paper summarizes the interim achievements as of March 1994. In executing the joint research with the U.S. NASA starting fiscal 1994, information exchange and adjustment are being performed on signing a research cooperation memorandum with NEDO to execute the joint research. In order to perform experiments by using the micro gravity experiment facilities, and analyze and evaluate the experimental data, activities are being taken to acquire the experimental data toward establishing the experiment methods. (NEDO)

  6. Interim report on the research development of high combustion technology using the microgravity environment; Bisho juryoku kankyo wo riyoshita kodo nensho gijutsu soshutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu chukan hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    There are problems on diversification of energy from a viewpoint of energy stabilized supply and reduction of environmental pollutant in fuel exhaust gas. For the solution, combustion phenomena are elucidated using microgravity equipment, and a combustor which enables high combustion technology is studied. For it, a field survey is conducted on implementation of international joint research with the U.S.` NASA, and at the same time experiments and analyses of the experimental data are carried out using microgravity experimental equipment. For experiments using microgravity experimental equipment and analysis/evaluation of experimental data, the following were conducted: (1) evaluation of combustion properties of various fuels, (2) fabrication of equipment needed for experiments for analysis/evaluation of combustion parameters, and combustion/evaporation evaluation experiments of fuel droplet/droplet group using microgravity experimental equipment, evaluation experiment to elucidate combustion property of solid particle mixed fuel, evaluation experiment of combustion limit, etc. In fiscal 1993, experimental data are being acquired for establishing a target experimental method. 42 refs., 151 figs., 1 tab.

  7. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Foundation building project for international energy use rationalization. Master plan preparation for rationalized energy use; 2000 nendo kokusai energy shiyo gorika kiso seibi jigyo chosa hokokusho. Goriteki energy shiyo no tame no master plan sakusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For energy conservation and environmental protection using technologies for effective consumption of energy and for preventing pollution due to energy consumption, master plans were studied and prepared on photovoltaic power generation, wind power generation, natural gas utilization, and so on, for the Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu, Gansu Province, and Guandong Province, respectively. Propositions addressing the Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu involved a decrease in dependence on coal, utilization of natural gas, introduction of coal-fired cogeneration systems, introduction of wind power up to the level equivalent to the supply reserve capability, energy conversion and new industry development using natural gas, promotion of electrification of local communities, and so on. Propositions addressing Gansu Province involved the hydroelectric power system as the core of power sources, decrease in dependence on coal, enhanced utilization of natural gas, energy conversion and new industry development utilizing natural gas, and so on. Propositions addressing Guangdong Province involved a decrease in dependence on coal and oil, enhanced utilization of natural gas, introduction of natural gas-fired combined cycle power generation into urban sectors, accelerated utilization of wind power generation on isolated islands, and so on. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1998 research report on the basic research on the practical application of innovative technologies. 2; 1998 nendo kakushinteki energy gijutsu no jitsuyoka ni kansuru kiso chosa hokokusho. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report is composed of the part 1 'Estimation of fossil energy resources and preliminary preparation of the super- long-term view of energy supply and demand', and the part 2 'Research on concrete conditions for introducing renewable energy (RES)'. In the part 1, estimation was made on the amount of non-conventional fossil energy resources such as oil sand, oil shale, coal bed methane and methane hydrate. Study was also made on the role of nuclear power, fast breeder reactor and nuclear fusion in the world energy supply and demand in the 21st century. In addition, as preliminary study on the super-long-term view of energy supply and demand in the next fiscal year, study was made on a scenario and measuring model considering energy supply restriction and CO{sub 2} problem. In the part 2, research was made on the amount of resources, applicable fields and cost estimation for various RESs such as solar energy, wind power, biomass, oceanic energy, geothermal energy and hydraulic power. Several technical issues on transport, storage, conversion and use for every energy were arranged toward real introduction, efficient use and stable supply of such RESs. (NEDO)

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on investigative research on society compatibility of development of coal hydrogasification technology; 1997 nendo sekitan suiso tenka gas ka gijutsu kaihatsu shakai tekigosei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In view of possibility of the future tightness in natural gas supply, establishment of coal gasification technology was set as the final objective, which can supply cheaply and stably the substitution natural gas of high quality by using coal existing affluently over the world as the raw material. An investigative research is carried out under a five-year plan on society compatibility required to assess the possibility of the practical application thereof. Fiscal 1997 has performed in continuation from the previous year the 'survey on process level elevation' and 'survey on the society compatibility'. This report summarizes the achievements thereon. In the investigative research on the process level elevation, the Shell's methane synthesis process based on an oxygen blown and dry feed coal gasifier was evaluated, and the calculation process was pursued on material balance in a hydrogasification reactor as having been performed in the 'survey on developing the coal hydrogasification technology' in which its reasonability was verified. In the survey on the society compatibility of the process, a survey was carried out on natural gas (including non-conventional methane hydrate and coal bed methane) and coals as raw materials for hydrogasification. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 2000 technical trend survey report on the surveys of technical trends regarding development of microminiature high-density power source technology; 2000 nendo chokogata komitsudo power gen gijutsu no kaihatsu ni kansuru gijutsu doko chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Surveys are conducted of technical trends of, and needs for, versatile microminiature high-density power sources, and research and development projects are proposed for micro fuel cells, combustion type micro power generation, environmental micro power generation, and micro rockets. Assumed in the research and development of micro fuel cells are a direct methanol method, chemical hydride method, micro combustion reformer method, and a hydrogen method using advanced hydrogen absorbing materials. Assumed in the research and development of combustion type micro power generators are a micro engine power generator (gas turbine power generation, steam cycle power generation), thermophotovoltaic micro power generator, catalyst-aided combustion thermophotovoltaic micro power generator, and so forth. Assumed in the research and development of environmental micro power generators are an environmental micro vibration power generator, environmental micro thermal power generator, environmental electromagnetic power generator, non-contact power feeding system, and so forth. Assumed in the research and development of micro rockets are a solid micro rocket array, micro PPT (pulsed plasma thruster), card type electric propulsion system, and so forth. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1996 international research cooperation project. Report on the result of the development survey of tribo materials; 1996 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Tribo material no kaihatsu chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Basic information was collected and assessed on materials and element technology for tribo materials which are expected to contribute to improvement of energy efficiency of machine/equipment having the sliding part such as automobiles. A survey was conducted of creation of substrate materials, the surface treatment method, and evaluation of coating characteristics. For an analysis of high polymer abrasion powder, the micro ATR method is effective. As an analysis method of abrasion scar, the micro ATR method is effective to specify the peeling part of coating, and the Raman method is effective for an analysis of transfer matters or abrasion powder. As a method to collect various shapes of abrasion powder, processing of material surfaces by polishing method is effective. As a dynamic analysis method, the infrared ray stress image method is effective. As an evaluation method of deficient concentration of coating, the GC-MS method is effective. For the application of high-hardness/low-toughness gas phase coating film to the sliding part, important factors are the substrate hardness, surface roughness, and film adhesiveness from the aspect of materials and the determination of pressure of the sliding face from the aspect of sliding conditions. 12 refs., 38 figs., 20 tabs.

  12. Report on survey of international cooperation possibility on chemical CO2 fixation and utilization technology in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (kagakuteki CO2 koteika yuko riyo gijutsu ni kakawaru kokusai kyoryoku kanosei chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This survey focused on the end of the more promising companion and promoting the international cooperation on chemical CO2 fixation and utilization technology. As a result, the way of the carrying-forward of the international cooperation with more than one companion could be arranged beforehand. It led to getting an arrangement about a secrecy agreement respectively with Lurgi company and ABB company in Europe, and to providing a catalyst sample developed by RITE to implement an examination by the other party and to show related technical information. In addition, it concluded a cooperation agreement about a total system of the chemical CO2 fixation and utilization technology and methanol synthesis with ZSW. In Australia, negotiation about international cooperation with CSIRO which is a federal research organization and CRC (Cooperative Research Centre) for renewable energy has been started. The ideal circumstances are being ready for the chemical CO2 fixation project for which the international cooperation with the country where the natural energy is rich like Australia is essential when coming to practical use. To do alternating current with further high density in the following year it is desired to build a concrete study cooperation system. 1 fig., 4 tabs.

  13. Report on the project for working out the new energy vision of the Chinen Village area in FY 2001; 2001 nendo Chinen son chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of promoting the introduction of new energy and enhancing the awareness of it in Chinen Village, Okinawa Prefecture, an investigational study was conducted of the trend of energy consumption of the village, existence amount of new energy, case study for new energy introduction, etc., and a vision was worked out. The energy consumption amount of Chinen Village in FY 1999 was estimated at 591,935 x 10{sup 3} MJ/y. By sector, the consumption amount in the transportation sector was the highest, approximately 40%, followed in order by the household sector, business sector and industrial sector. The rate of energy source was 49.2% of petroleum, 42.3% of electric power and 8.5% of gas. As the case study for new energy introduction, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the village office/Azama Sun Beach/hydroponics/JA branch office/prawn farm, introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the village gymnasium/village drainage pump/refrigerating facilities of the fisheries cooperative association, etc. Further, as the new project, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation/wind power generation to the agricultural irrigation project/comprehensive sports park, introduction of photovoltaic power generation to the new building of Chinen Elementary School/maker of processed medicinal herbs. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on research and development of medical welfare device technologies. Ultrasound treatment system (rationalized use of energy); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Choonpa chiryo system (energy shiyo gorika)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Studies are being made to establish a technology capable of performing accurately and efficiently an ultrasound treatment technology that can achieve therapeutic effect bloodlessly. In making a concept design of a transducer for thermal coagulation treatment, an applicator was constructed on a trial basis as a preliminary prototype, which integrates a power transducer for prostate treatment using transrectal approach and an imaging probe. Evaluation was given on the device by using dogs. It was verified that the device can irradiate ultrasonic waves onto prostate while targeting and monitoring the ultrasonic treatment region. The split focus system led the prostate tissues to coagulation and mortification efficiently. An intra-corporal therapeutic applicator, applied with the second harmonics superposition method was constructed on a trial basis as the preliminary prototype of a sonochemical treatment transducer. In order to explore substances to generate therapeutic effect efficiently in combination with a sonochemical therapeutic device, an approach was discussed to make certain xanthene dyes fatty and amphiphatic, and a possibility of making them amphiphatic was discovered. (NEDO)

  15. Survey report for fiscal 1998 on the survey on preparation of data collection related to new energy technology development (wind power generation ); 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (furyoku hatsuden) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    As a result of heightening consciousness on assurance of energy security and global environment problems in recent years, it is urged in Japan to promote development of technologies to introduce and proliferate new energies, and work on acceleration of the introduction. On the other hand, in order to move forward effectively the introduction promoting project intended of proliferation and enlightenment, it is necessary to put into order comprehensively and systematically the different data on the new energies, and summarize them as the basic data. This report, focusing on a wind power generation system, collects and puts into order the latest published data on the wind power generation system, placing in the center the introduction examples in Japan and other countries, supporting measures, wind power generation system markets, and the specifications of major windmills. The major contents may be summarized as follows: significance of introducing the wind power generation system, the current status of the market, policies in different countries, status of introducing the system in other countries, subsidy institutions for the introduction, the introduction flow, efforts made by government related organizations and local governments, a list of window offices of the related corporations, the fundamental knowledge, and the movements in 1998. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1999 basic survey report for promotion of joint implementation. Survey of diffusion of fluidized bed cement kilns in Vietnam; 1999 nendo Vietnam koku ni okeru ryudosho cement kiln fukyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Possibility is assessed of energy saving and CO2 reduction through replacing shaft kilns with fluidized bed kilns at four cement plants in Vietnam. The effort will be associated with the clean development mechanism (CDM) ultimately. The fluidized bed kiln is one of the state-of-the-art technologies developed to meet social, economic, and technical demands involving global environments, enhancement of energy efficiency, effective use of resources, improvement in cost performance, increasingly diversified needs for cement, etc. Use of the technology will lead to an extensive reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, solution of the problem of dust flying from calcinating facilities, production of clinkers high in stability and quality, utilization of inexpensive fuels such as low-grade coal, and production cost reduced thanks to the new equipment occupying less installation space. The conclusion of the study is that the energy to be consumed by the four plants will decrease by 6101-9551 tons/year in terms of oil and that energy saving rate will be 37-44%. The decrease in fuel and electricity for calcinating furnaces in turn decreases CO2 emissions, with the amount of reduction estimated at 24,393-38,794 tons/year in terms of CO2 and the rate of reduction estimated at 36-44%. As for payout in case environmental special yen credit is granted, it will realize in the 10-12th year, which means such financing will achieve a sufficient investment effect. Effect is also tentatively calculated in case of fluidized bed kilns diffused across the country. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 report on the verification survey of geothermal exploration technology, etc. 1/2. Survey of deep geothermal resource; 1998 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 1/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-12-01

    For the purpose of commercializing deep geothermal resource, a deep exploration well of 4000m class was drilled in the existing geothermal development area to survey the situation of deep geothermal resource existence and the availability. Concretely, the deep geothermal exploration well was drilled for study in the Kakkonda area, Shizukuishi town, Iwate prefecture, to clarify the situation of deep geothermal resource existence and the whole image of geothermal system. Consideration was made of the deep geothermal exploration method, systematization of deep high temperature drilling technology, and availability of deep geothermal resource. The results of the survey were summed up as follows: 1) general remarks; 2) deep exploration well drilling work; 3) details of the study. 1) and 2) were included in this report, and 3) in the next report. In 1), the items were as follows: the study plan/gist of study execution, the details and results of the deep geothermal resource survey, the outline of the deep exploration well drilling work, and the outline of the results of the FY 1998 study. In 2), the drilling work plan/the actual results of the drilling work were summed up. As to the results of the study, summarized were the acquisition of survey data on deep exploration well, heightening of accuracy of the deep geothermal resource exploration method, etc. (NEDO)

  18. FY 1998 report on the comprehensive analysis in the geothermal development promotion survey. Tertiary. No.C-3 Akinomiya area; 1998 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa sogo kaiseki hokokusho. No.C-3 Akinomiya chiiki (Dai 3 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-01

    The geothermal development promotion survey was conducted in the Akinomiya area, Ogachi county, Akita prefecture, and the FY 1998 results were summed up. In the surface survey, geology/electromagnetism/precision gravity survey was made as supplementary survey, and re-analysis of 3D models was made. In the well survey, three wells of N10-AY-6 to N10-AY-8 were drilled to conduct the core examination, temperature/pressure logging, sampler logging, short-term jetting test, etc. Also conducted were the reservoir evaluation, environmental effect survey, etc. by pressure monitoring and water level observation. The results of the comprehensive analysis predict the following. In the Akinomiya area, there exists heat source in deep parts around Mt. Yamabushi-dake and Mt. Takamatsu-dake; Being given heat from this heat source, rocks, ground water and volcanic gas react on each other to form geothermal fluids. It is presumed that high temperature geothermal reservoirs exist in the east of the area. Moreover, the pressure distribution indicates that the Akinomiya reservoir and Wasabizawa reservoir can be a chain hydraulically. On the other hand, the west of the area is the low temperature and heat conductive area, and therefore, there seem to be no high temperature fluids there. (NEDO)

  19. Report on fiscal 2000 survey for geothermal exploration technology verification. Survey of deep-seated geothermal resources; 2000 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    To promote the development of deep-seated geothermal resources in a rationalized way, studies are conducted about deep-seated geothermal resource assessment techniques, development guidelines, and the like. Data were collected at the Sumikawa-Onuma district, Ogiri district, Mori district, Yanaizu-Nishiyama district, and the Onikobe district, and compiled into a database to be open to the public. Studies were made about methods for estimating parameters for deep-seated geothermal reservoirs. The resultant findings indicate that, in the Uenotai and Sumikawa-Onuma districts where geothermal reservoirs are governed mainly by a fracture network, the relaxation method and extrapolation will be effective for deep-seated reservoir temperature estimation, and the ascending current analysis method and extrapolation for permeability estimation. The findings also indicate that the expanse of deep-seated reservoirs will be suitably estimated using a method similar to that applied to shallow-seated reservoirs. In the study of the estimation of the amount of deep-seated geothermal resources, it is concluded that the simplified model A will be effective in dealing with a geothermal district where there is a well-developed fracture network and the simplified model B in dealing with a geothermal district where supply of deep-seated fluid governed by an extensive fault prevails. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1975 Sunshine Project research report. R and D on hydrogen production technology by high-temperature high- pressure water electrolysis; 1975 nendo koon koatsusui denkaiho ni yoru suiso seizo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1976-05-29

    This report details the research result in fiscal 1975. Part 1 'Outlines' includes the research target, the summary of fiscal 1974 research results, the summary of fiscal 1975 research results, and responsible researchers. Part 2 'Details of the research' includes the fiscal 1975 research results. Chapter 1 reports 'Study on constant-load high- temperature high-pressure (multi-electrode type) diaphragm water electrolysis tank' promoted by Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha. Chapter 2 reports 'Study on Teflon system diaphragm for high-temperature high-pressure water electrolysis tanks' promoted by Yuasa Battery Co. through Mitsubishi Kakoki Kaisha. Chapter 3 reports 'Study on variable-load high- temperature high-pressure diaphragm water electrolysis tank' promoted by Showa Denko K.K. Chapter 4 reports 'The first detailed design of the electrolysis tank for a small test plant' promoted by Hitachi Zosen Corp. through Showa Denko K.K. Chapter 5 reports 'Research on the applicability of water electrolysis systems to various fields' promoted by Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc. through Showa Denko K.K. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1995 report on verification of geothermal exploration technology. Development of fracture reservoir exploration technology (development of seismic exploration); 1995 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsunado kensho chosa. Danretsugata choryuso tansaho kaihatsu (danseiha riyo tansaho kaihatsu) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This report provides the development of new exploration technology using elastic waves, such as reflection seismic survey, VSP, and seismic tomography, for precisely characterizing subsurface fractures in geothermal reservoirs. In order to investigate and improve the effective data acquisition and analysis methods for detecting a fault type of fractures, an experiment of a seismic tomography method was conducted using wells drilled in the Ogiri geothermal field, Aira-gun, Kagoshima Prefecture. An experiment of propagation characteristics of piezo type underground seismic source in the volcanic field was also conducted as a trend survey of underground seismic sources. The fracture type in the model field was systematically analyzed by measuring the core samples obtained in the demonstration test field through remanence measurement, fluid inclusion measurement, and zircon measurement using test equipment, and by analyzing results obtained from cores and results of seismic tomography obtained from the wells. Based on these results, the effectiveness and practical application of exploration methods using elastic waves were investigated. 80 refs., 250 figs., 49 tabs.

  2. Report for fiscal 1998 on results of research and development of silicon-based polymeric material. Material research for the liquid methane fueled aircraft engine; 1998 nendo keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Methane nenryo kokukiyo engine kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research was conducted for the purpose of establishing basic technology concerning molecular design, synthesis, material formation, and evaluation of silicon-based polymers which are expected to provide superior electronic/optical functions, high heat/combustion resistance and dynamic properties. The research subjects were such as following: research and development of silicon-based polymeric materials with sea-island microstructures; research and development of silicon-based polymeric materials with sea-island microstructures; research and development on IPN formation with silicon-based polymers; research and development of hybrid silicon polymers with organometallic compounds; research and development of silicon containing polymer materials with ring structures; general committee for investigation and research; the optimized low-temperature Wurtz synthesis and modification of polysilanes; study of unsaturated and hypercoordinate organosilicon compounds; basic studies on the synthesis and properties of silicon-based high polymers; studies of new monomer-synthesis and their polymerization reaction; studies on new method of preparation and functionalization of polysilanes; novel applications of silicon-based polymers in imaging devices for information display, memory, and recordings; and molecular design of silicon-containing {pi}-conjugated and {sigma}-conjugated compounds. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1999 report on the data processing of the geothermal development promotion survey. No. B-6 Tsujinodake area (Tertiary); 1999 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa data shori hokokusho. No.B-6 Tsujinodake chiiki (dai 3 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-01-01

    For the purpose of confirming the existence of geothermal reservoirs, this survey was conducted as Survey B in the range of 30km{sup 2} east of Lake Ikeda at the south east end of Satsuma Peninsula, Kagoshima pref. from FY 1997 to FY 1999. By the geology/alteration zone survey, fluid geochemical survey, electromagnetic survey and gravity survey which were conducted in FY 1997 as surface survey, the following three were extracted as the areas which have great potentiality of geothermal resource existence: 1) area along the Yamakawa-Matsugakubo structure line on which calderas and explosion craters lie (north part); 2) area along the Takeyama-Tsujinodake structure line on which Ata central dome volcanic rocks lie (central part); 3) area around Kozukahama where the south wall of the Ata caldera extends in east-west direction (south part). In the survey after that, in north part, it was considered that aquicludes in clayey alteration zone were widely distributed around levels of 100m above - 200m below sea level and there existed geothermal reservoirs under the aquicludes. It was presumed that the mixed water of sea water and surface water was thermally conducted by heat sources of 300-490 degrees C and geothermal reservoirs of 260-270 degrees C were formed. (NEDO)

  4. Basic research on energy conservation in developing countries. Report of the International Conference on Adaptation and Mitigation Technologies for Climate Change; Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosanado jigyo. Kiko hendo ni kansuru tekio kanwa gijutsu kokusai kaigi hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The International Conference on Adaptation and Mitigation Technologies for Climate Change was held based on the 1st Conference of the Parties in 1995 of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the 2nd evaluation report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). This report carries the outline of this conference and minutes. Japanese government had studied the framework of activities implemented jointly (AIJ) for emission control of greenhouse gases by voluntary workers jointly with developing countries. The government decided the basis of the AIJ Japan program in 1995, and approved the evaluation guidelines of this program including confirmed and considered matters which are necessary for government offices related to this program to evaluate and approve each project. IPCC approved the 2nd evaluation report in its general meeting in 1995. This conference was thus held to discuss strategic technology and international cooperation with participation of writers of the 2nd IPCC report, policy planners of Asian countries, Japanese industries, governmental offices and NGO.

  5. FY 1997 report on the research for construction of NEDO`s vision. Regional environment and international collaboration; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (NEDO vision sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu). Chiiki kankyo to kokusai kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    It is necessary for NEDO to transfer the energy technology to developing countries and conduct collaborations with them efficiently. First of all, environments of the community were analyzed from a viewpoint of natural environment, social and cultural environment, and industrial and economic environment. Then, this report outlines the organizations of domestic and international aid agencies which have potentials to conduct alliance and collaboration with NEDO, and also illustrates their activities including financing and technology exchange, regional activities, and progress of activities. Alliances and collaborations with NGOs of each international organization were analyzed on the aspect of the fields and know-how of alliance with NGOs, selection standards of NGOs and necessary systems and organizations to make effective alliance and collaboration with NGOs, and some case studies were taken. Organization, purposes and activities of NGOs in Asian countries are introduced, and their current situations are illustrated. Finally, some proposals were offered to make alliances and collaborations with aid agencies and NGOs. They are concerned about the fields and know-how of alliance with NGOs, selection standards of NGOs and necessary systems and organizations to make effective alliance and collaboration with NGOs. 44 figs., 8 tabs.

  6. FY1998 Report of surveys on network possibility involved with proliferation and transfer of environmental technologies (Europe, Australia and New Zealand); 1998 nendo kankyo gijutsu no fukyu iten ni kakawaru network kanosei chosa hokokusho . Oshu Goshu New Zealand

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    At the third Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change (COP3) held in December 1997, the industrialized nations have agreed on development and proliferation of innovative technologies under international cooperation and transfer of environmental technologies to developing countries by expanding and strengthening CTI being the framework to be progressed spontaneously. Under the international strategic research project for global environment, NEDO has been promoting positively the research and development, whose support is urged to be expanded further in the future upon receiving the present agreement. Therefore, NEDO has performed the present survey in order to propose frameworks and measures for strengthening and expanding CTI. From among the policies and measures to be taken by the related countries based on the COP3 protocol, fiscal 1997 has performed review and new establishment of plans involved with execution of the items related to technology development, and surveys on action movements such as review and expansion of the measures, as the first stage. Fiscal 1998 has executed surveys focusing on the network for technology proliferation and transfer to developing countries as the second stage. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1997 basic survey project (database construction project) for enhancing energy consumption efficiency in developing countries; 1997 nendo hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa jigyo. Database kochiku jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    NEDO is promoting a database construction project to collect and supply various technical/systematical information on energy related data and energy effective utilization. In FY 1997, about the Philippines, Indonesia and China, the data collected in a year were renewed, and seminar/workshop were held as a part of the promotion activities. About Thailand, Malaysia, Korea, Taiwan and Japan, Japan has independently been collecting the data. Also in FY 1997, Japan arranged the existing data and arranged/collected the data. About Vietnam, India, Myanmer and Pakistan, which became the objects for the project newly in FY 1996, the state of data arrangement was confirmed and the data were collected. Moreover, functional improvement of the system was made so that each country can use the database more easily and maintain the data independently. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1998 international research cooperation project. Research report on development of ultra-solid lubricant with cluster diamond; 1998 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoroku jigyo seika hokokusho. Kurasuta diamond wo riyoshita kotai junkatsu fukugo zairyo no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Study was made on cluster diamond-dispersed composite materials to develop advanced ultra-solid lubricant. As for processing technology of such composite materials, study was made on the uniform mixing condition of cluster diamond and Cu or Cu-Sn alloy by mechanical milling. The fabricated composite powder was caked by vacuum hot compressive formation technique. The production process of composite materials composed of cluster diamond and TiO{sub 2} was also developed by using sol-gel technique. As for formation of a functional layer and development of micro- formation technology, the prototype forming equipment using radial extrusion process and the mould were designed and prepared. In the preliminary experiment only for matrix, study was made on working limit, material flow, fine recrystallization and working condition during working. The friction test result showed the antifrictional property of the cluster diamond-dispersed composite materials using Cu, Cu-Sn, Al, Al-Si as matrix. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1993 achievement report on next-generation industrial structure technology (Advanced materials for extreme environments - Development of methane fueled aeroengine); 1993 nendo chotaikankyosei senshin zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Methane nenryo kokukiyo engine no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    Efforts were exerted to develop advanced materials for use under extreme environments, which were intermetallic compounds and fiber reinforced intermetallic compound composite materials excellent in heat resistance, specific strength, oxidation resistance, or the like. For the development of intermetallic compounds, efforts were made to develop Ti-Al-X (X=metal) high specific strength intermetallic compounds and Nb-Al-X (X=metal) high melting point intermetallic compounds. Ternary phase diagrams were prepared and the effect of added elements on basic characteristics was investigated. Basics of element technologies (texture control, melting, casting, and isothermal rolling) for manufacturing panel materials were studied and, in the case of Ti-Al-X systems, Ti-Al thin panels were fabricated. In the case of Nb-Al-X systems, items were experimentally fabricated by casting in an effort to study precision casting technology optimization. For the development of composite materials, efforts were made to develop SiC based and SiMC (M=metal) based fibers, and studies were carried out to complex them with Ti-Al based matrices. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 2000 research achievement report on the research and development of advanced design technologies for system-on-chip; 2000 nendo system on chip sentan sekkei gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    Efforts were made to develop technologies for rapid improvement in SoC (system on chip) design productivity. In concrete terms, the concept of V-core (virtual core) was introduced into SoC design for the establishment of reusing technology and design automation in the uppermost stream region of designing. Activities were conducted in the two fields of (1) research and development of V-core based design technology and (2) research and development of a V-core database. Efforts exerted in field (1) aimed at the research and development of system specifications description technology, architecture generation technology, soft V-core internal structure optimization technology, optimized RTL (register transfer level) description generation technology, and system performance verification technology. In field (2), efforts were made to develop core database technology, core development support tools, core verification technology, and design assets verification technology. The system specifications description technology is a technique to define SoC system level specifications (degree of model abstraction). (NEDO)

  11. FY 1995 annual report on development of techniques for creating high-quality crystalline materials for low-loss power controlling components; 1995 nendo teisonshitsu denryoku seigyo soshiyo kohinshitsu kessho zairyo sosei gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-09-01

    The R and D project is implemented for manufacturing high-quality semiconductor crystalline materials of large size and uniform characteristics, in order to improve semiconductors as components for controlling power systems, and reduce power loss. The semiconductor melts, in particular silicon melt, is highly reactive, readily reacting with the atmosphere and crucible holding the melt, and it is difficult to collect their thermal properties. Therefore, an electro-magnetic levitation furnace working under a microgravity is used, to dispense with a crucible for measurement of their properties in the absence of thermal convection. The preliminary tests using the furnace produce surface tensions of the melts, because Ge is less reactive than silicon, stable in the form of a GeSbTe compound, and not wettable with Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, MgO, SiO{sub 2} or Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}. The measurement of electric resistance of InSb indicates that InSb has characteristics of a semiconductor when it is solid and a metal when it is liquid, as is the case with Si. The program codes are developed by each researcher, and combined with each other to establish the comprehensive thermal flow analysis program, which includes all of the aspects of the internal CZ furnace structure for growing the crystals. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1997 research and development of fusion domains. Part 3. Studies on next generation optical substrate technologies; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho (yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu). 3. Jisedai hikari kiban gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    With an objective of realizing super large capacity recording technologies largely exceeding the current limits of optical recording and magnetic recording, studies were conducted on application of near-field optics. In the study on recording by using near-field light, it was verified that a mark with approximately the same size as an aperture diameter can be formed on a phase change recording film when a fiber probe with an aperture diameter of about 200 nm is used. However, it was found that the recording using this system takes excessive amount of time. When laser light collected on an objective lens was irradiated pulse-wise, a mark with a minimum width of about 20 nm was observed with high contrast. This will mean that a record with recording density of one terabit/in {sup 2} can be read out. Other studies performed include those on evaluation of effects of polarized light and surface shape on near-field read-out, simulation, mechanism of crystallization in a phase change recording film, recording and playback with ultra-high resolution by using a conformable near-field aperture, fabrication of a flat aperture type near-field light probe array, and the evaluation thereon. 22 refs., 27 figs.

  13. Fiscal 2000 research and development of in-vehicle information platform technology for advanced information-oriented age; 2000 nendo kodo johoka taiogata shanai joho kiban gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Efforts were made to develop an in-vehicle information platform for dealing with any systems imagined to be introduced in the period 2003-2008 to and for enabling seamless networking for communication at both inside and outside the vehicle without specifying equipment terminals. In developing specifications for describing the function of in-vehicle equipment, efforts were made to develop primary in-vehicle terminals and carry-in portable equipment on the assumption of ITS (Intelligent Transportation System) application. Efforts were made to develop common specifications for communication, such as communication specifications suitable for in-vehicle LAN (local area network) centering on a network transport layer, OEM(Original Equipment Manufacturing)-OPEN gateway specifications for certification and access control, and connection interface specifications for carry-in portable equipment. Moreover, connection specifications for control systems and information LAN were developed. Verification tests were conducted relative to the assurance of communication between in-vehicle equipment, carry-in portable equipment, and external networks; assurance of communication between in-vehicle equipment and carry-in portable equipment supplied by different vendors; and the assurance of safe connection between control systems and information transmitting LAN systems. (NEDO)

  14. FY 2000 report on the results of the advanced R and D for the UTES (underground thermal energy storage) system; 2000 nendo chichu jiban chikunetsu system gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In this study, study was made of the commercialization of the UTES (underground thermal energy storage) system using the underground heat source heat pump system technology as the base, considering that this is a technology suitable for the urban area where the heat demand intensively increases and a lot of exhaust heat and usable heat exist. By the realization of the UTES system technology, it is expected that the system promotes Japan's utilization of the unused energy and contributes to the construction of the CO2 emission control type society for Japan's energy policy and global warming prevention and secondarily to leveling of power loads and elimination of the heat island phenomenon in large cities. As to the UTES system which is aimed at being used for space heating and cooling and hot water supply in buildings, the following two were studied: the indirect system, BTES (borehole thermal energy storage) system, in which heat is collected/radiated from the ground by the heat exchanger installed underground; the direct system, ATES (aquifer thermal energy storage) system, in which the groundwater stored in aquifer is directly pumped up and used. The study was made in the items written below: 1) establishment of an system image of the UTES system; 2) evaluation study of effects of the introduction, practical applicability, etc. 3) extraction of the subjects for development. As a result, system images of the indirect/direct systems were obtained. (NEDO)

  15. Introduction of report of the investigation into deflagration and fire accident (1992) at a British Corporation, Hickson and Welch Co. Ltd.; Eikoku HICKSON and WELCH sha no bakunen kasai jiko (1992 nen) ni kansuru chosa hokokusho no shokai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sato, K. [The High Pressure Gas Safefy Institute of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-09-01

    A deflagration and fire accident broke out at Hickson and Welch Co., Ltd., Castleford, West Yorkshire, England at two p.m. September 21, 1992, and five persons were killed, 14 persons were injured, and the factory facilities were also seriously damaged. This article summarizes the accident based on the final report recently issued by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) of Britain. This accident broke out during operation for removing sludge accumulating in a still for separating and purifying process positioned on the downstream side of a nitrotoluene production plant in the Hickson Co., Ltd.`s factory. Ignoring manager`s individual responsibility, the HSE used the company for its general management mistake. In regard to this, the court judged that Hickson Co., Ltd. must pay a penalty of 250 thousand pounds for violating general duty items for protection of the health and safety of the employees and also pay for the investigating costs of 150 thousand pounds incurred by the HSE. 2 refs., 2 figs.

  16. Research report on promotion of geothermal energy exploitation for fiscal 1997. Fluid geochemical research (No.B-6 Tsujinodake district); 1997 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Ryutai chikagaku chosa hokokusho (No.B-6 Tsujinodake chiiki)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-07-01

    The research covers the Tsujinodake district spreading over Yamakawa-cho and Ibusuki-shi, Kagoshima Prefecture. Hot spring water in the district is of the neutral Cl type, heated mainly by conduction and containing seawater. The thermal water layer of the highest geothermal potential exists in the vicinity of the Nishi district of Ibusuki-shi. It spreads widely in the westward part and may be linked with the Unagiike district. The temperature of the deep-seated thermal water layer is estimated at 220-230 degrees C, yet it may be higher. In addition to the layer in the vicinity of the Nishi and Unagiike districts, there is a shallow-seated hot spring aquifer in the Nagasakibana district, where the deep-seated thermal water is probably prevented from lifting in the presence of an aquiclude. In the Narikawa district, possibilities are low that the thermal water just beneath will come up. As for hot spring water in the Oyama and Okachogamizu districts, there are no signs of high-temperature thermal water infiltration. In these two districts, it appears that hot spring water is heated by conduction over a large area. For the disclosure of linkage of hot water systems and deep-seated geothermal structures which cannot be detected by geochemical investigations conducted into hot spring water, etc., it is necessary to resort to geological and geophysical researches, and to carry out test drilling. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1997 report on the development of excellent catalysts for creation of new industries. New frontier catalyst 21; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (shinsangyo sosei no tame no excellence catalyst no kaihatsu). New frontier catalyst 21

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Survey was made for establishment of an effective fast search technique of practical catalysts. Catalyst technology is an important basic technology for industrial fields such as energy and environment fields. In many cases, catalysts have been developed by trial and error consuming a long time and huge research cost. Study was made on efficient analysis and measurement techniques, and systematic production technique of advanced catalysts based on these techniques. This survey was effective in finding a guidance for improving catalysts used in the previous processes, and facilitating searches for fields previously slow in development of catalysts. Advanced catalysts possible to actively selectively produce target products under high pressure/temperature conditions are much in demand. Recently in-situ analysis technology for observing molecules and material surfaces under ultrahigh-pressure/temperature conditions has been studied. Observational study was made on catalytic behavior under catalytic reaction condition using partial oxidation, selective hydrogenation and isomerization as model reactions. 111 refs., 103 figs., 9 tabs.

  18. 1998 Annual Study Report. Standardization of methods for evaluating properties of new glass at high temperature; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. New glass koon bussei no hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    High-temperature properties of glass melts, e.g., density, volume expansion coefficient, surface tension, viscosity, specific heat, thermal and electrical conductivity, redox equilibrium and gas solubility, are basic factors that must be considered in high quality glass melting technology and computer simulation of the glass tank furnace. The structure of the glass melts is also important for understanding these properties. This R and D program is aimed at proposing the international standards for the methods of measuring these high-temperature properties of the melts. The 1988 efforts are directed to the measuring technologies for density, volume expansion coefficient, surface tension, viscosity, specific heat, thermal and electrical conductivity, redox equilibrium, gas solubility and melt structures of soda-lime-silica glass melts. The R and D for measuring methods for high-temperature melts through international cooperation and establishment of the international standards for these methods are proposed in the joint CGR/HVG/TNO/GPF conference, which provides the arena for information exchange by glass manufacturers. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1997 report on a feasibility survey of cooperation in relation to the joint implementation activities in Southeast Asian countries (6 nations); 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Tonan Asia chiikikoku (rokkakoku) ni okeru kyodo jisshi katsudo kanren no kyoryoku kanosei chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In the COP3 Conference on Global Warming held in Kyoto in December 1997, the framework on greenhouse gases was agreed in discussions comprehensively made among Japan, the U.S. and the E.U. As a result, it is for 6 gases including CO2 and methane, and total emissions in developed countries are to be reduced 5% at least during 2008-2012 from the 1990 level. Target of each country is determined by gaps, and Japan`s reduction target is 6%. Therefore, to pass the numerical target agreed, it is necessary to take measures such as rationalization of the energy use by energy saving, etc. in the country and also measures such as promotion of the greenhouse gas emission control in developing countries. Accordingly, for the future development of NEDO`s AIJ project, a possibility of cooperation in the joint implementation was surveyed such as the state of greenhouse gas emissions of countries which are objects of GAP in Southeast Asian countries and neighboring countries, policies of the countries after the COP3 agreement, technological transfer for the emission control, etc. Countries for survey are Thailand, Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam and Myanmar. 21 figs., 15 tabs.

  20. Geothermal development promotion survey. No.B-4 'Kuenohira-yama area'; 1997 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa data shori hokokusho. No.B-4 Kuenohira-yama chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-01

    The above-named survey had been scheduled to be conducted in fiscal years 1996-1998 for an approximately 10km{sup 2}-large area of Kokonoe-cho, Kusu-gun, Oita Prefecture. In fiscal 1996, surface surveys were conducted, such as geological and alteration zone surveys, gravity prospecting, and electromagnetic survey. In fiscal 1997, an exploration well (N9-KH-1: depth 2,222.0m) was drilled. Since the maximum temperature in the well was found to be so low as 78.5 degrees C, the survey was given up in the second year. The survey conducted at N9-KH-1 showed that deep-seated and shallow-seated ruptures developed there in the absence of aquicludes, and so it was inferred that it was a recharge area, as predicted by the temperature logging profile, with surface water flowing into the depth. The above showed that there was no deep-seated blind geothermal system which the survey was after. Since it was not likely that the shallow-seated geothermal system located in the southern part of the Mizuwake pass would be found expanding into the area of the current survey, it was decided that the survey not be carried forward to the following fiscal year. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1996 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1996 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level which is a basic technology in the electronic information field, a key to the realization of the high grade information society and a common technology base giving marked influences to the wide range industrial field, the R and D was started of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology to draw pictures on metal and crystal surfaces using ultra short wavelength laser beams, shading system technology of shading mask to be used to the process of drawing ultra high accuracy and complicated figures, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technologies which become the base of ultra thin films and ultra fine etching using plasma, ultra high tech cleaning base technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. 137 refs., 358 figs., 38 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 1997 research report on the survey on public test and evaluation organizations for development of welfare equipment; 1997 nendo fukushi kiki kaihatsu ni kakawaru koteki shiken hyoka kikan chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This research studies the construction policy of public test and evaluation systems for future development and practical use of welfare equipment, through survey on the current methods for development, practical test and evaluation of welfare equipment in countries advanced in welfare, and preparation of basic data for promoting establishment of public test and evaluation functions in Japan. Infrastructure preparation for standards and public test and evaluation organizations for developing welfare equipment is being promoted by Technical Laboratory of Bicycle Industry Promotion Association and some national organizations such as Product Evaluation Technical Center, Mechanical Engineering Laboratory, National Institute of Bioscience and Human Technology, and Living and JIS Center. However, preparation of objective and across test and evaluation systems for developing welfare equipment is still insufficient. Product Evaluation Technical Center is now approaching to evaluation and standardization of welfare equipment. Public test and evaluation organizations of the UK, Sweden and Denmark are presented. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1995 survey of promotion of the geothermal development. Report on a usage feasibility test of a small scale geothermal binary cycle power generation system; 1995 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Chusho chinetsu binary hatsuden system jissho shiken hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In this survey, studies for popularization and practical utilization of small and medium size geothermal binary cycle power systems which assesses low and medium temperature geothermal resources were conducted, and studies for development of the system to be introduced for practical use and for promotion of the popularization were made. A study was carried out of preconditions and various conditions of a demonstrative test plant (100kW class, 500kW class) in view of the initial cost of the actual plant, and an analysis was made of the power generation cost. Acceptability of the demonstrative test plant (100kW class) was examined to analyze problems on the introduction. A thermodynamic analysis was made of the output of geothermal binary cycle power generation. Analysis/evaluation of the results of the 100kW demonstrative test plant were carried out in view of the operation results of the plant of the same kind, and checks/reviews were conducted of performance and reliability of the system, equipment simplification, etc. Inspection of the system was made in the stage of design/manufacture of the 500kW demonstrative test plant. Concerning the spread/expansion of the system, studied were multiple stage geothermal utilization and PR promotion method. 14 refs., 62 figs., 55 tabs.

  4. Survey report of FY 1997 on the trends of novel CO2 fixation technology using bacteria and microalgae; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (saikin sorui wo riyoshita atarashii nisanka tanso kotei gijutsu no doko chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For this survey, the latest technology trends relating to microbial functions are summarized to recover and effectively utilize CO2, typical greenhouse effect gas, using microbial functions. Systematic survey and analysis are conducted concerning the microorganisms useful for fixing CO2, CO2 uptake mechanism during the microbial reactions, utilization methods of solar light and useful energy sources except solar light, highly efficient production of useful materials, and usage of produced useful materials. Research has concentrated on use of biological activities for this purpose through design of bioreactors using microorganisms (bacteria and microalgae) for efficient CO2 fixation. For the process to have net CO2 fixation as assessed by its life cycle and to make the process economically feasible, it is essential not only to fix CO2 merely in the form of biomass but in addition to convert it to useful materials by the catalytic activities of the organisms. Three categories were set for the survey, i.e., microorganisms with CO2 fixation ability, available energy for CO2 fixation, and target CO2 fixation products. 169 refs., 49 figs., 14 tabs.

  5. FY 1993 Report on the industrial science and technology research and development project results. Research and development of non-linear photoelectronic materials; 1993 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-11-01

    Described herein are the results of the industrial science and technology research and development project for nonlinear optoelectronic materials. The more functional chiral and pi-conjugated compounds are investigated as the organic, low-molecular-weight materials. The technologies for the orientation-controlled crystal growth are continuously investigated. Polyacetylene is investigated as the conjugated pi-electron system. The glass-dispersed systems, prepared by the sol-gel, superlow-melting glass and super-cooling methods, are investigated. In order to elucidate the relationship between the organic superlattice and properties (e.g., photoelectronic properties), the intramolecular interactions under the superlattice conditions are estimated by the theoretical chemical calculations, and the optimum structures deduced from the measured properties are proposed. The thin, composite films of fine metallic particles and glass are prepared by the multi-dimensional sputtering, to explore the constituent materials suitable for the three-dimensional superstructures, and their properties are analyzed. The thin semiconductor films of superlattices are prepared by the molecular beam epitaxy method, to investigate the optimization of the structures and compositions. The basic aspects of the three-dimensional superstructures, prepared by the superfine machining, are investigated. The results of the comprehensive investigations and researches are also described. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 1998 research report. Popularization project of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Study was made on popularization of the proper treatment technology of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In principle, industrial wastes should be recycled in a country concerned, however, because of a difference in technology and industrial location, treatment of all industrial wastes in a country concerned is impossible. International cooperation is thus indispensable to promote proper efficient practical measures for environment. For studying the possibility of the international cooperation between Japan and Asian countries concerned for further recognition and solution of industrial waste problems, 'International Symposium on the Asian Industrial Waste Issue' have been held in Tokyo since 1997 for governmental staffs. In fiscal 1998, Malaysia was invited in addition to China, Philippines and Thailand for popularization of the proper treatment and recycling of industrial wastes in Asian regions. In every Asian countries, poor collection of discharge, treatment and disposal data is an obstacle to effective treatment. Technical cooperation and financial support by developed countries are demanded. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Green Helmet Project (China, steel industry, sintering/material segregation technology compatible type); 1999 nendo green helmet jigyo (Chugoku seitetsugyo shoketsu / genryo henseki gijutsu taiogata) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Guidance was given about technologies for reducing energy consumption in the sintering process at Tangshan Iron and Steel Group Co., Ltd., and Panzhihua Iron and Steel (Group) Co. The guidance centered about the recovery of waste heat from sintering, material charging and separation, and granulation. The Tangshan plant yields 6-million tons/year and has three sintering machines, and the No. 3 machine is equipped with a waste heat recovery unit. Steam generation is insufficient. The Panzhihua plant yields 3.5-million tons/year and has six sintering machines. The No. 1, No. 2, and No. 6 machines are equipped with a waste heat recovery unit, and the generation and use of steam is well balanced. It is common to both that energy efficiency is low and that improvement is necessary. Studies were made about energy conservation technologies for the No. 1 sintering machine at the Tangshan plant and for the No. 6 sintering machine at the Panzhihua plant. At the Tangshan plant, it is expected that there will be reductions of 11-million yuan/year in waste heat recovery facilities, 7-million yuan/year in granulation enhancement facilities, 4-million yuan/year in facilities for charging materials. The Panzhihua plant will enjoy reductions of 3-million yuan/year in waste heat recovery facilities, 6.5-million yuan/year in granulation enhancement facilities, and 4-million yuan/yen in facilities for charging materials. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1999 technical survey report. Green Helmet Project (China, Steel industry - Blast furnace top pressure recovery turbine); 1999 nendo green helmet jigyo (Chugoku Seitetsugyo) koro rochoatsu hatsuden setsubi chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A blast furnace top pressure recovery turbine (TRT), installed on the No. 4 blast furnace of Panzhihua Iron and Steel (Group) Company, Sichuan, China, started its operation in 1998. For the promotion and support of effective energy utilization based on the results of this implementation, guidance was given and enlightening endeavors were made for TRT technology popularization through training of specialists in the associated fields of work. The efforts were made at three steelmaking plants, that is, Baosteel (Group) Shanghai Meishan Iron and Steel Co., Ltd., Nanjing, Jiangsu; Taiyuan Iron and Steel (Group) Company Ltd., Taiyuan, Shanxi; and Baotou Iron and Steel (Group) Company Ltd., Baotou, Inner Mongolia. Through the cooperation of China's State Bureau of Metallurgical Industry and the steel makers involved, the operating conditions of the existing TRTs of Chinese manufacture were investigated at the Shanghai Meishan plant and advice and guidance were given for improvement on their operation and facilities. At the Taiyuan plant, advice and guidance were given about the installation now in progress of TRT facilities on the No. 4 blast furnace and about a plan of TRT installation on the No. 3 blast furnace. At the Baotou plant, the operating conditions of the existing No. 4 blast furnace of Chinese manufacture were investigated, and advice and guidance were given about facilities improvement and future installation of TRTs on blast furnaces not yet provided with TRTs. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1997 report on the environment friendly type coal utilization technology transfer project. Downstream field; 1997 nendo gyomu hokokusho. Kankyo chowagata sekitan riyo gijutsu iten jigyo (karyu bun`ya)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of supporting the introduction/spread of clean coal technology (CCT) in countries in Asia and the Pacific, engineers of the countries concerned were invited to Japan aiming to ferment the understanding of CCT and improve abilities of them. The project was carried out by NEDO, and managed by CCUJ. It has two courses. The manager course is for policy makers, management and senior managers. By assessing CCT and presenting a menu for economical efficiency, environmental arrangement for CCT introduction is made in working out policies and planning plant/equipment investment in the future. The engineer course is for policy planners, mid-class managers and senior engineers. It proposes data on which to base a decision in working out/planning CCT facilities, and at the same time ideas by which to reduce environmental loads by management of facilities, simple improvements, etc. The number of the persons invited are 21, that is, 8 from China, 5 from Indonesia, 4 from the Philippines and 4 from Thailand. After the training, future subjects were summed up

  10. Research report on promotion of geothermal energy exploitation for fiscal 1997. Research into environmental impact (No.B-4, Mt. Kuenohira district); 1997 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho (No.B-4 Kuenohirayama chiiki)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-01

    The results of environmental impact surveys conducted in the Kuenohira mountain district belonging in Kokonoe-cho and Yufuin-cho, Oita Prefecture, are described. Around the Mt. Kuenohira district, information is collected on the state of hot and cold springs before, during, and after the investigatory boring, and difference is appraised between the three periods. In the case of Shusenkaku Hot Spa, a gradual decrease is detected in water temperature, yield, electric conductivity, Na, and Cl following the first survey of October 1997, with the water temperature, yield, and Na recording the lowest throughout the survey period in September 1998 (19th survey). The same is true for Ginyu Hot Spa, where there is a gradual decrease in all the said features. The decrease is attributed to the level of the Kagono river running in the vicinity of the source, and to rainfall. At Ukenokuchi, Kuju Hills, and Yunohira Well No.1, fluctuation is small throughout the survey period in pH, electric conductivity, Na, SO{sub 4}, and Cl, but not small in the yield or rainfall. Fluctuation is small in the yield, pH, and electric conductivity at Asahidai Rest House and Sairin Club. (NEDO)

  11. FY 1984 annual report on the research and development of automatic sewing systems. Cloth handling techniques; 1984 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kiji handling gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    The automatic sewing system technique research association has been commissioned by the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology for (research and development of automatic sewing systems). This program covers R and D of the elementary techniques for total systems and sewing preparation/processing, sewing/assembling, cloth handling, and system management/control. This report describes the results of the R and D efforts for the cloth handling techniques. The program for the cloth handling techniques covers all techniques related to cloth movement, positioning and processing in each sewing step from cloth receiving to completion of sewing. They include the elementary techniques for (1) cloth holding, (2) high-function positioning, and (3) soft cloth transfer. The program for the techniques (1) constructs, on a trial basis, the basic or functional models, and tests and evaluates them. The program for the techniques (2) classifies work shapes, processing types and processing steps, to help select the positioning methods. The program for the techniques (3) investigates necessary conditions for transfer methods and procedures in each step. (NEDO)

  12. Report on achievements of research and development of an automatic sewing system in fiscal 1986. Cloth handling technology; 1986 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kiji handling gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-03-01

    The Automatic Sewing System Technology Research Association was commissioned from the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology on the 'development of an automatic sewing system'. The association has performed the research and development by dividing the subject into such component technologies as a total system and sewing preparation and processing technology, a sewing and assembling technology, a cloth handling technology, and a system management and control technology. This paper reports the achievement of the research on the cloth handling technology. This technology may be divided into such component technologies as (1) the cloth holding technology, (2) the high-functional positioning technology, and (3) the soft cloth moving technology. For the technology (1), development was made on the principle models, such as the vertical holding and parallel holding type modules and the cloth operating type module, as well as on the principle model for an auxiliary equipment for holding cloth edges. For the technology (2), development was made on the handler, controller, and coordinated operation control and teaching system. Discussions were given on optimal device configuration, functions required in the devices, and evaluation methods, as the high-functional positioning technology for the sewing process and pressing process. Prototype devices were designed and fabricated. For the technology (3), prototype models of the improved version were fabricated for the stock module and confluence model, their functions and performances were confirmed, and problems and points requiring improvement were extracted for prototype fabrication. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1984 annual report on the research and development of automatic sewing systems. System management/control techniques; 1984 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. System kanri seigyo gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1985-03-01

    The automatic sewing system technique research association has been commissioned by the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology for (research and development of automatic sewing systems). This program covers R and D of the elementary techniques for total systems and sewing preparation/processing, sewing/assembling, cloth handling, and system management/control. This report describes the results of the R and D efforts for the system management/control techniques. The FY 1984 efforts are directed to the basic designs for optimizing process configurations, load balances, and control of sewing/assembling devices, transfer devices and the like using a computer for controlling purposes, based on the production schedules in which demand forecasts by apparel makers are reflected, in order to reduce lead time from charging cloth into an automatic sewing plant to delivery of the products by at least 50% from the current level by improving processing efficiency and speed. The plan for development of the examination/failure diagnosis method, as the next R and D theme, is drawn mainly for determining positions of product quality standard setting-up, examination of individual steps and failure diagnosis functions of sewing machines, classification of the failure levels, and prediction of failure. Prospects of establishing an automatic system for visual recognition are obtained. (NEDO)

  14. 1998 Annual Study Report. Standardization for securing interoperability between optical disk systems; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Hikari disk system no sogo un'yosei kakuho no tame no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This R and D program is aimed at securing interoperability between optical disk systems, based on the logical formats, to propose the draft international standards. For the volume/file structures proposed by ISO/IEC 13346, the universal disk format (UDF) proposed by the Optical Storage Technology Association (OSTA) is taken as the target file system, to improve the conformance test environments and develop the standards for advanced interoperability. The 1998 R and D themes include development of the UDF conformance testing tools for avoiding the interoperability-related problems involved in the UDF, which are actually observed, and investigations on the UAF specifications and preparation of the UAF-related standard evaluation systems for preparation of the draft standards for the Universal Accessible Filesystem (UAF), planned to be conducted in and after the next fiscal year, which allows, e.g., network seamless application of a variety of the future optical disks. (NEDO)

  15. International research cooperation in fiscal 1997. Report on the results of researches for the development of tribo-materials; 1997 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Tribo material no kaihatsu chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Researches were conducted for the development of tribo-materials for the improvement of energy efficiency for equipment with slide members usable for example aboard automobiles, and the result is reported for fiscal 1997. In the research for the creation of substrate materials, some metals different in hardness, iron-base materials, titanium-base materials, etc., were selected, and experiments were conducted to disclose the effect of the substrate hardness/surface roughness on the critical load under which gas phase coatings fracture. In the research about surface treatment, the arc ion plating method is employed to produce TiN coatings on substrates of SKD11 and Ti-6Al-4V, and the critical loads were evaluated using a heavy duty, acoustic detection type adhesion evaluator and a sliding wear tester. Furthermore, the substrate/coating interface is subjected to observation under high-resolution transmission electron microscope. As for the evaluation of coating characteristics, the effects of the hardness of the coating itself, Young`s modulus, and toughness on the fracture of the coating were investigated. During the international joint researches, information was exchanged with National Institute for Standards and Technology, U.S. 11 refs., 64 figs., 4 tabs.

  16. Fiscal 2000 research report on the energy consumption survey for popularizing stationary fuel cell systems; 2000 nendo teichiyo nenryo denchi no fukyu wo mokutekito shita energy no shohi ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A survey was conducted about the current state of domestic energy consumption for studying the feasibility of a stationary energy system using the polymer electrolyte fuel cell. A study relative to domestic energy consumption dealt with transition in the energy consumption rate, dependence on locality, and the effect of the makeup of residences. The monthly and hourly patterns of demand for heat for hot-water supply were referred to power consumption data broken down by time zone, and it was found that approximately 1kW output would be suitable for this purpose. A study was made about the pattern of operation that such a fuel cell system should follow, and it was learned that a pattern in which 'the system operates according to the imposed load starting at seven o'clock in the morning when the electricity rate switches to the higher and the output does not exceed what is necessary to meet the daily demand for heat.' This method was found to assure the most efficient way of operation covering more than 80% of the need for hot water and electricity. In a study of consumption of energy for business, feasibility was suggested to exist in the installation of systems of 30kW or less at small hotels, barber shops and beauty parlors, restaurants, schools equipped with minor-scale food service, small hospitals, clinics, and the like. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey project on planning to execute `The New Earth 21`; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (`chikyu saisei keikaku` no jisshi keikaku sakusei ni kansuru chosa jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Japan proposed in the Houston Summit the New Earth 21 to be carried out with technology development and technology transfer, and to make a concrete development of the project, Japan also proposed in the Tokyo Summit a TREE Plan for working out comprehensive strategies of the innovative technology development. In the CO3 Kyoto Conference in 1997, numerical targets for developed countries were determined which have legal binding force for control/reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the term of 2008-2012. It was agreed to urge developing countries also to play a certain part in the project through the clean development. Therefore, the paper made quantitative analysis of important CO2 prevention technologies, technology transfer costs, and economical assessment by energy conservation. As a model, the DNE 21 model was upgraded and used into which CO2 prevention technologies, energy, economy and climate changes were integrated. In fiscal 1997, the following were carried out: collection of data on important CO2 prevention technologies and systems and analytical assessment using the DNE 21 model, CO2 reduction and selection of energy technology, assessment of energy system costs, construction of the unified DNE 21 model, and opening of the international workshop. 62 refs., 98 figs., 34 tabs.

  18. Fiscal 1997 international cooperation project. Report on the results of the research on environmental harmony type combustion technology; 1997 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo chowagata nensho gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Out of the R and D on the environmental harmony type combustion technology, the results of the project carried out in fiscal 1997 were summed up. In the site survey, etc., visits were paid to France, Spain, Greek, Germany, the U.K. and the U.S. to have discussions and examine the trend of research on the NOx removal catalyst and catalyst combustion. In the actual R and D, the R and D were conducted on zeolite base NOx removal catalyst, oxide composite base NOx removal catalyst, alumina base NOx removal catalyst, direct decomposition type NOx removal catalyst, catalyst combustion, etc. In the R and D of the catalyst combustion, durability under high gas flow flux was examined of PdO-Pt/Ba-Al203 catalyst developed for low temperature use, which indicated that durability and low temperature activity were heightened. As high temperature use catalyst, high temperature durability was examined of the developed Pd0-La/Gd-ZrO2 catalyst, which showed that the durability was favorable. 322 refs., 261 figs., 55 tabs.

  19. Report on preceding researches in fiscal 1998 on the survey and research on an eco-smart engine; 1998 nendo eco smart engine no chosa kenkyu sendo kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The advanced propulsion system to meet the requirement of environmental compatibility, which will become increasingly stringent in the future, requires an 'eco-smart engine', which incorporates functions to optimize the engine performance and high environment conformity performance. Its targets are: enhancement in energy consumption (reduction of CO2 emission by 25%); reduction of NOx emission to EI=5g/kg of fuel; and reduction in noise by 3 dB relative to the ICAO Chapter 3. The sections in the report are summarized as follows: Section 1, 'The method for promoting surveys and researches' describes the survey purposes and the promotion methods for this research; Section 2, 'Actualization of the methods for achieving the research assignments' establishes an approach to achieve the research target values, develops important problems into individual research subjects, discusses specific methods to achieve the research assignments, and adds into the discussions the result of surveys on trends in the advanced technologies in overseas countries, and on research and test facilities; and Section 3, 'Conclusion' summarizes the achievements obtained during the current fiscal year, develops major issues in the eco-smart engine, and makes clear the methods for researches to be performed over five years. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1996 report on the investigational research on the construction of a database of physical functions; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho (shintai kino database no kochiku ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    For the purpose of realizing `the affluence` sought in the Japanese economic society, the supply and preparation of products, service and environments friendly to human beings seem to be important. In the future, the development of products which are fully considered also of aged and handicapped people is more expected than the conventional manufacturing of products added with value. Especially in accordance with the rapid aging, from a viewpoint that the lowering of physical functions caused by aging has an exactly close relation with the response to products and the environment, development of the database of physical functions for the aged which is useful for the design is urgently promoted. First, the data to be supplied for database were selected. As to the selection method, the data required for database were defined by collection/analysis of the existing data, examination of the needs of enterprise designers, and analysis of daily activities. In the study of the database, the structure by which data can be effectively supplied was studied and verified by pilot database for extraction of the subjects and solution to the problems. 6 refs., 57 figs., 26 tabs.

  1. Fiscal 1996 survey report. Data collection and evaluation analysis in the project on field tests on the fuel cell generation; 1996 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Nenryo denchi hatsuden field test jigyo ni okeru data shuyaku oyobi hyoka kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The paper installed fuel cell power generation equipment experimentally at various facilities which are the final diffusion form of the new energy power generation, conducted long-term operation under the actual load, collected/analyzed various data, arranged them as data useful for full scale introduction/diffusion, aiming at forming the base for general diffusion of the fuel cell power generation. The number of the systems installed for field test execution has been 24 places/28 units since the start of the project, and the system capacity totaled 4,250kW. The actual operation hours in five years are 6,000-28,000. In fiscal 1996, the average cumulative accumulated operational rate was approximately 68%, a little over that in fiscal 1995, 65%. The average load factor was 69% in fiscal 1995 and 70% in fiscal 1996. The utilization rate increased as a whole to about 57% on average if seeing only fiscal 1996, as compared with that in fiscal 1995, about 48%. The power generating efficiency was approximately 34% on average. As to the status of shutdown of the fuel cell power generation, the paper surveyed the average interval of failure, the rate of frequency of shutdown, the analysis of shutdown, etc. 250 figs., 29 tabs.

  2. Fiscal 1996 verification and survey of geothermal prospecting technology etc. 1/2. Survey report on deep-seated geothermal resources; 1996 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 1/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk to accompany the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, investigations are conducted into the three factors that govern the formation of geothermal resources at deep levels, that is, the supply of heat from heat sources, the supply of geothermal fluids, and the development of fracture systems contributing to the constitution of reservoir structures. In fiscal 1996, the deep-seated exploration well WD-1a is sidetracked for penetration for a target newly assigned at the 3,000m-deep level. Carried out in a survey of well geology are the naked-eye and microscopic observation of core cuttings, X-ray powder method, examination of inclusions in fluids, chemical analysis of whole rocks, analysis of isotopes in minerals, analysis of core fracturing, etc. Also, data are collected from a survey of mud log, survey of water in the well before digging, and from well logging. Furthermore, pressure monitoring etc. are conducted in order to determine the interference in pressure between the deep-seated and shallow-seated wells that accompanies multiple outbursts from the Kakkonda No. 2 machine, to know the water permeability between the shallow-seated and deep-seated parts, and to grasp the anisotropy in permeability in shallow-seated reservoirs. (NEDO)

  3. Report on the research cooperation promoting project in fiscal 1998. Research cooperation related to the mine waste water treatment technology utilizing biomass; 1998 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku suishin jigyo hokokusho. Bio riyo ni yoru kohaisui shori gijutsu ni kansuru kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper describes the achievement in relation with the mine waste water treatment technology utilizing biomass, from among the promotion projects for research cooperation with China. Waste water is converted into ferric iron (Fe{sup 3+}), which precipitates at low pH, by utilizing iron oxidizing bacteria which use ferrous iron (Fe{sup 2+}) in the waste water as the energy source, and is precipitated and removed by using low-cost calcium carbonate as a neutralizing agent. Fiscal 1998 has performed eight site surveys with 47 persons in total. The main survey items are the study and guidance of pilot plant operation and the survey on measures to prevent occurrence of contamination by heavy metals in Wushan Mine. Additional site surveys were made at Dexing Mine and Yinshan Lead/Zinc Mine. Continued from fiscal 1997, consumables required for the pilot plant were purchased, and items of the bench-scale testing equipment used by Japan for domestic researches (an oxidation and neutralization testing equipment and a copper recovering and testing equipment) were transported to China. The operation research data of the pilot plant were put in order and analyzed. This paper summarizes the concept design of the shaft waste water treatment facilities for the north mine in Wushan Mine, and the surveys on measures for heavy metal contamination sources. (NEDO)

  4. Report on research cooperation for bio-aided treatment of waste water from mining pits, conducted in FY1996. Data edition; 1996 nendo bio riyo ni yoru kohaisui shori gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku hokokusho. Shiryohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    This report carries the results of (1) surveys on properties of waste water discharged from pits in Wushan Mine in Province of Jiangxi, China, (2) monitoring the environments around the mine, (3) monitoring the environments around the mine (photographs) and (4) surveys on properties of waste water discharged from pits in other mines, and also outlines (5) the Chinese research activities. More specifically, it carries (1) water analysis results of pH and heavy metals at -40mL and -160mL pits and raw water pit on the earth's surface, (2) analysis results of pH and heavy metals for water discharged from the mine at 15 points, 7 at the north of the mine, 4 at the south of the mine, 2 at the tailings, 1 at Chihu, and 1 at the eastern tailings, (4) the data regarding waste water discharged from pits in 5 mines in the same province, including copper, copper-sulfur and copper-zinc mines, and (5) results of the (bacteria-culturing tests for high-efficiency oxidation of iron) carried out in Wushan Mine. The tests comprised the nutrient addition, raw water load and residence time tests, and the results of each test are reported. Fe (II) is oxidized to 95 to 98% at a residence time of 0.75 hours. (NEDO)

  5. Overview of FY1997 human media technology R and D; 1997 nendo sangyo kagaku gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seido Shin energy Sangyo Gijutsu sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo. Human media no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This paper reports a summary of results in fiscal 1997 of research and development of human media technology. Fiscal 1997 launched design and trial fabrication of the following items: interface to improve efficiency and safety of plant operators, accommodation of multimedia contents to aid Kansei design, city development design aiding technologies using contents retrieval and presentation technologies and virtual reality, and empirical evaluation technologies for safety, comfort and convenience. Specific study assignments were extracted on a virtual media technology, a Kansei media technology and a knowledge media technology being three elementary technologies for human media to make clear the research and development approaches to be taken in the coming fiscal years. In addition, a human media technology committee, a research and development working group, and an investigation working group were established. Also launched were investigations on research trends in the human media technology, and investigative researches on contacts of information needs in industries with human media. 59 refs., 114 figs., 24 tabs.

  6. FY 1997 report on the survey of fundamental technologies in the field of brain neuro-biotechnology; 1997 nendo Sendo kenkyu hokokusho (noshinkei saibo kogaku kiban gijutsu no chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In Japan with its rapidly aging society, fundamental technologies are required for the development of artificial nerves substituting for or supporting damaged ones, and ultimately constituting artificial neurons based on the knowledge of the brain functions at the molecular and cellular levels. This study defines the fundamental technologies which would be required for the development in the area, and further, evaluates the potential of the technologies to develop the novel industry. The brain function is closely related to the activity in neuronal circuits. In order to repair injured nerves and to develop the advanced technologies of electronics for helping impaired neuronal functions, the most important and urgent is to understand how to work the neuronal circuit system in the brain. Based on these viewpoints, new methodological approaches would make it possible to relieve neural impairment in the sensory input system and the motor system by the use of electronic circuits. They also would improve rehabilitation after injury, and treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson`s disease. These advances surely create the new types of industry seeds in near future. 77 refs., 29 figs., 2 tabs.

  7. Research cooperation project on the development of easy injection molding control technology for engineering plastics; Engineering plastic no seikei joken kan`i settei gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In order to enhance the industries which supply assembly parts to Japan`s assembly industries in Thailand, research cooperation project on the plastic parts production technology has started. For the research cooperation, the mold design is effectively conducted using simulation technique of CAE (computer aided engineering), and an international easy injection molding control system is made using the molding support software for injection molding machines. In FY 1996, actual situations of plastic parts and assembly industries in Thailand have been investigated through the cooperation with the counterpart of Thailand. Demand and supply of engineering plastics, receive and inspection of parts, and current circumstances of molding processing makers in Thailand have been grasped. Based on the results of this investigation, proposal of basic plan, time schedule, and delivery plan of molding machines and testing equipment have been discussed, to make the basic plan. 18 refs., 4 figs., 23 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 1997 technological survey report. R and D on micromachine technology (Development of high functional maintenance technology for power station equipment); 1997 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Hatsuden shisetsuyo kokino maintenance gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Activities were conducted in search of micromachine technology for a high functional maintenance system that inspects and repairs abnormal conditions such as cracks in a heat exchanger or a piping system without disassembling it in a power generating station such as a thermal or nuclear power plant. The activities were proceeded in four areas of (1) experimental manufacturing of the system (an inline self-running environment recognizing system, an external inspection system for fine tube group, and a system capable of light internal operation such as welding), (2) R and D on sophistication technology for functional devices, (3) R and D on common basic technologies, and (4) comprehensive investigation and research. In (1), examination of detailed basic specifications was carried out, as were examination of element technologies, experimental manufacturing and operation test of element devices, and performance evaluation. Further, a part of element devices was made on an experimental basis, with the basic functions demonstrated. In the comprehensive investigation and research, a trend in the future maintenance technology in power generating equipment was obtained and pigeonholed. (NEDO)

  9. FY1998 report on a survey related to joint utilization of welfare device development data using an international network; 1998 nendo kokusai network ni yoru fukushi kiki kaihatsu data no kyodo riyo ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A survey was made in relation with joint utilization of welfare device development data using an international network. Developing welfare devices requires data from ergonomic and medical systems, while the cope of the objects is wide, and the kinds are various. For proliferation of welfare devices, system compatibility evaluation including that on using environment is important, including living environments that are different by countries. The present survey has identified how data for aged, handicapped and help-needing persons are accumulated and utilized in research organizations in America and Europe for both of the ergonomic and medical areas. The survey also investigated major academic societies in overseas countries, and collected database and academic network information that support the advanced research and development. At the same time, investigations were also made on organizations and corporations who are moving forward the efficient data utilization. Welfare device and service information providing systems in Japan were investigated to compare them with the trends in other countries. Conceptions and methods were compiled to utilize data internationally and jointly. Database models for device development were considered, and a proposal was made on structuring a research and development supporting database, and the operation method thereof. (NEDO)

  10. Achievement reports on joint research of solar energy power generation field test project in fiscal 1997. Part 1 of 3; 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho 1/3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-08-01

    This report is a collection of 101 achievement reports on joint research of solar energy power generation field test project. The contents of the achievement reports are the results and generalization of the joint research with respect to the solar energy power generation field test project. As regards the locations of executing the joint research, the locations by areas and applications are stated. By areas, the joint research was carried out on gymnasiums, parks, recreation centers in the standard areas, universities, sports facilities, public halls, agricultural associations, aged persons' homes, primary, middle and high schools, prefectural office buildings and industrial technology centers in cold districts; prefectural office buildings, agricultural associations, universities, museums, industrial technology centers in good insolation districts; museums, primary, middle and high schools, parks in strong wind and salt polluted districts; and universities and police stations in snowy districts. By applications, the joint research was performed on life cooperative halls, factories, nursery schools, hospitals, clinics, local newspaper companies, indoor warm-water swimming pools, and mushroom fields. (NEDO)

  11. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use. (Chofu City); 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa (Chofu) saiitaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper describes investigative studies on a new at-home welfare devices. Section 2 of the document, 'Studies on electric power conservation considering living patterns of elderly and physically handicapped persons' describes verification experiments in ferro-concrete buildings and ordinary homes by using a prototype system structured in last fiscal year. Qualitative analysis was performed based on the result thereof. In the 'Surveys on working environments for elderly people', directionality was presented in improving labor environments for the elderly people. Section 3, 'Studies on emergency evacuation devices for physically handicapped and elderly people' discovered that many of the presently available evacuation devices are intended of use mainly by handicap-free people, and there are many aspects that are difficult to say that elderly and physically handicapped people are included in the field of vision. In the 'Studies on an at-home training supporting system to maintain movement functions of the legs of elderly people', design and fabrication were performed on a prototype of an external control device operated by the legs. The 'Surveys on energy demand for at-home welfare devices for elderly people', showed how much the growth of the number of utilized devices will link to the cause to push up the energy demand in the household department in Japan. (NEDO)

  12. FY1998 survey on preparation of data collection related to new energy technology development (cogeneration); 1998 nendo shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (cogeneration) chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    New energy technologies have had the subsidy institutions established in association with advancement of the technologies, and such introduction promoting measures developed as the introduction assistance and advisory project. To promote this development more effectively, it is necessary that different data related to new energies are put into order comprehensively and systematically to be retained as the basic data. Therefore, this paper collects and puts into order the latest published data on cogeneration from among other new energy technology areas, with main regard to system listing, specific introduction examples, subsidy institutions, and how other countries are working on the technologies. Hydroelectric power generation uses up head energy of water by installing power plants along a river from higher location to lower location. Similarly the cogeneration is a kind of multi-stage energy utilization (cascade utilization) system that uses up energy serially from as high oil and natural gas combustion temperature as 1,500 degrees C or higher down to temperature levels used for hot water supply and air conditioning as low as 45 to 50 degrees C. It generates electric power by using a thermal engine, and utilizes waste heat effectively. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Development of technology for energy use rationalization); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinaji ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (energy shiyo gorika gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The aim is to create inorganic materials with their functions well harmonized and with their reliability remarkably improved, and efforts are made to establish basic technologies with which structural control may be carried out simultaneously for multiple layers in in-process products through positive utilization of various chemical reactions in the materials synthesizing process. This fiscal year's achievements are stated below. A low-temperature pressure nitriding method is developed in which nitriding reaction directly involves the metal aluminum compact for conversion into ceramics, and an aluminum sintered body is produced capable of high thermal conduction of not less than 170w/mk with the original compact shape retained. By a heat treatment in a high-temperature pressure nitriding atmosphere, a success is attained in producing a silicon nitride ceramic body enhanced (150w/mk) in thermal conduction. It is clarified that the microwave-aided selective heating technology works effectively in enhancing the particle growth rate in a liquid-phase sinter system, and a success is won in increasing strength by virtue of the formation of particle-growing particles. (NEDO)

  14. Research report for fiscal 1998. Basic research for promoting joint implementation (rehabilitation of 300MW coal-fired thermoelectric power plants in China); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Chugoku ni okeru 300MW sekitan karyoku hatsudensho rihabiri

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Studies are made on the feasibility of the above project which aims at energy efficiency improvement and CO2 reduction at thermoelectric power plants. Opinions and comments are collected by hearing, and on-site surveys are conducted at Shandong Province Zouxian Power Plant, Anhui Province Luohe Power Plant, and Henan Province Yaomeng Power Plant. The conclusion reached is outlined below. In view of the current and future demand for electricity in China and of the network to be constructed, it is believed that the rehabilitation is a pressing task for improvement on efficiency and reliability at 300MW coal-fired power plants. As for air pollution, NOx and dust in addition to greenhouse gas will be reduced under the project. There will be 3-4% improvement in boiler efficiency and approximately 4% improvement in turbine efficiency, and, in this connection, there will be CO2 emission reduction of 140,400-154,900 tons/year per unit in case of 300MW coal-fired power plants. As for cost efficiency, it is inferred that investment will achieve an adequate result, with the number of years required for investment retrieval taken into consideration. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1997 report of the development of high efficiency waste power generation technology. No.2 volume. Pilot plant verification test; Kokoritsu haikibutsu hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu (pilot plant jissho shiken). 1997 nendo hokokusho (daini bunsatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As to a high efficiency waste power generation system using general waste as fuel, the details of the following were described: design/construction management and operational study of pilot plant, design/manufacture/construction of pilot plant, and study of an optimal total system. Concerning the construction management and operational study, the paper described the application for governmental/official inspection procedures and taking inspection, process management of pilot plant, site patrol, safety management, management of trial run of pilot plant, drawing-up of a verification test plan and test run, etc. Relating to the design/manufacture/construction of pilot plant, an outline of the pilot plant was described. The paper also stated points to be considered in design of furnace structure and boiler structure, points to be considered of the verification test, etc. As to the study of an optimal total system, the following were described: survey of waste gasification/slagging power generation technology, basic study on RDF production process, survey of trends of waste power generation technology in the U.S., etc. 52 refs., 149 figs., 121 tabs.

  16. FY 1998 report on the results of the research and development of fundamental technologies for superconductor applications; 1998 nendo chodendo oyo kiban gijutsu kenkyukaihatsu seika hokokusho. Chodendo oyo kiban gijutsu keknyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    As to the research on the superconductor manifestation mechanism, Y123 monocrystal which was partially replaced with Zn and Ni was manufactured, and it was made clear that the addition of these impurities greatly change anisotropy of superconductors. It was made clear that instability of lattice and magnetism is included in high temperature superconductor. Also made clear was an important role in the Nb/Ba replacement in existence of magnetic flux melting phase transfer and the magnetic field induced pinning effect. The manufacture of Y123 bicrystal membrane was successful by the liquid phase epitaxy method. The manufacture of non-copper base K-Bi-O new superconductor was successful by the ultra-high pressure synthesis method. The stabilized process was established for large size crystals of 15-20mm square in Y base and of 20-25mm square in Nd base. Also successful was the growth by LPE method of crystal with thick membrane of 20mm x 20mm x 10{mu}m on the MgO monocrystal substrate. The non-bicrystalization of Y base Nd base monocrystal was successful, and the peak phenomenon control in Jc-H was found out. By neutron irradiation, the acquisition magnetic field of 3.7T at 77K was achieved using bulk Y base 123 material with diameter of 3cm. And, the critical current density of 60,000 A/cm{sup 2} was achieved at 77K and 3T. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1998 geothermal development promotion survey. Report on the environmental effect survey (No. A-4 Kunbetsu-dake area); 1998 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho (No.A-4 Kunbetsudake chiiki)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-30

    Of the FY 1998 geothermal development promotion survey, the primary environmental effect survey in the Kunbetsu-dake area was conducted, and the results were arranged. In the well drilling survey, etc., the survey was made aiming at extracting areas to be preserved from an environmental aspect. The results of the survey were summarized as follows: As to the mammalia, 12 families 46 species were confirmed in the area surveyed and the periphery by literature survey. Out of them, the noticeable species which are considered important from an academic viewpoint are 10 families 19 species. As to the aves, 55 families 340 species were confirmed, of which 29 families 79 species are noticeable species. About the amphibia/reptilia, 3 families 3 species in the amphibia and 4 families 6 species in the reptilia were confirmed by literature and hearing survey. The noticeable species is 1 family 1 species in the amphilia. Concerning the terrestrial insecta, 135 families 873 species were confirmed, and the noticeable species is 11 families 20 species. As to the flora, 115 families 1055 species were confirmed, and the noticeable species is 46 families 126 species. Relating to the living vegetation, the one higher than 9 in nature reserves shows a substantial rate, and the periphery of Kaibetsu-dake is designated as the specified flora colony. (NEDO)

  18. FY 1998 result report on the leading R and D of MGC ultra-high efficiency turbine system technology; 1998 nendo MGC chokokoritsu turbine system gijutsu sendo kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    One of the main subjects for further conserving energy by enhancing efficiency of gas turbine system for power generation, etc. is the heightening of operation temperature. The development is urgently needed of heat-resistant ultra-high temperature members which make high-reliable operation under ultra-high temperature possible. Therefore, an introductory study was made aiming at using MGC materials which does not reduce strength even at high temperature and also has plastic deformability as large-size structure members of gas turbine system for power generation use. In FY 1998, the following were studied: (1) basic study to get material design guidelines for making efficiency of MGC materials higher; (2) construction of the basic data for elucidating the manifestation mechanism of high temperature characteristics of MGC materials; (3) setting of gas turbine specifications which are to be the basis of study work in and after FY 1999; (4) setting of parameters to be evaluated, evaluation criteria, etc., and definition of the evaluation criteria for possibility of establishing an MGC ultra-high efficiency gas turbine system. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on research and development of high level waste glass utilization system of CO2 emission suppression type; 2000 nendo CO2 haishutsu yokuseigata hai glass kodo riyo system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With an objective to establish a waste glass recycling system of low cost and requiring less CO2 emission amount and energy consumption, research and development has been made on classification of waste glasses into particle composition that is required in regenerated commercial products. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the research of a waste glass reusing and supplying system designed by using LCA, discussions were given on items required in circulating and recycling waste glass resources, and quality control on raw materials and products. Evaluations of product quality control items were made on crystallized glass, sintered glasswool, automotive window glass, electric bulbs, fluorescent lamp glass, and quartz glass. Utilization tests were carried out for Mashiko porcelain china clay with an intention of expanding the application of waste glass, whereas the relationship between waste glass addition amount and optimal sintering temperature range was verified, disclosing that the limit of the waste glass addition is 10%. In the research on multi-functional hybrid materials, discussions were given on light-weight tiles and water permeating blocks with regard to the manufacturing technology, facility specifications, product quality, effects of the functions, and durability. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1993 report on the results of the commissioned research and development project. R and D of SOFC (solid oxide fuel cells); 1983 nendo nenryo denchi hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. SOFC kotai denkaishitsugata nenryo denchi no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-05-01

    The research and development project is carried out for fuel cell power generation technologies and solid electrolyte type fuel cells, and the reports on the FY 1993 results issued by the participant organizations are summarized. For R and D of the modules, Fuji Electric conducted the R and D for the large-area, cell-stacked type, and Sanyo Electric for the composite cell-stacked type. For R and D of the materials and fundamental technologies, Fine Ceramics Center conducted the R and D for microscopic structures of the electrode, Fujikura for electrode structures produced by spraying or the like, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries for multi-functional fuel electrodes, Murata Seisakusho for co-sintering technologies, and Mitsui Shipbuilding for current collecting technologies. For R and D of the systems, Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry conducted the R and D for the systems, Electric Power Development and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries jointly for designs of the cell peripheries, and the Japan Research and Development Center for Metals for elementary technologies for the peripheral devices. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1997 verification and survey of geothermal prospecting technology etc. 2/2. Survey report on deep-seated geothermal resources; 1997 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 2/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk to accompany the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, investigations are conducted into the three factors that govern the formation of geothermal resources at deep levels, that is, the supply of heat from heat sources, the supply of geothermal fluids, and the development of fracture systems contributing to the constitution of reservoir structures. In the evaluation and study of reservoirs and the amount of resources, a reservoir simulation is conducted to grasp the characteristics of reservoirs and the amount of resources. For this purpose, the origin and history of the Kakkonda geothermal field are studied, with special attention paid to the origin of the difference in temperature between the shallow-seated and deep-seated reservoirs, the geometry of granite at Kakkonda, the region of recharge of meteoric water, the distribution of saline concentration in the natural state and the cause of the occurrence, the amount of supply of fluids and heat from the depth to the reservoirs, etc. In the evaluation and study of the economic effectiveness of the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, it is learned that, if a 50MW geothermal power station is to be built at a deep level (drilled depth of 3000m on the average) with a rate of 50% attained in drilling, the steam amount required at such a deep level (presumed to be 75t/h) will be more than twice that required at a shallow level (presumed to be 35/h). (NEDO)

  2. FY 1992 Report on results of the survey/research project commissioned by Sunshine Project. Surveys on hydrogen-fired turbines; 1992 nendo suiso nensho turbine no chosa seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    Summarized herein are results of comprehensive surveys on hydrogen energy supply/utilization systems, centered by hydrogen-fired turbines for power generation. The surveyed items include hydrogen energy supply/utilization systems on an international scale, current state of power generation techniques and utilization of hydrogen, hydrogen-fired turbines for power generation, materials techniques for hydrogen-fired turbines, studies on and evaluation of economic viability of each system, expected effects, and problems involved in development. The surveys on the hydrogen production techniques pick up electrolysis with a solid polymer electrolyte as a promising candidate, and extract the scaling-up techniques, improvement of membrane durability, etc. as the research themes. The surveys on the hydrogen storage/transportation techniques indicate that hydrogen can be carried by a chemical medium for transportation/storage at normal temperature and pressure, for which the problems associated with medium loss and safety must be studied, and that the research themes for hydrogen-occluding alloys should include increasing quantities of hydrogen occluded for bulk transportation/storage at low energy, and decreasing cost. The surveys on hydrogen-fired turbines extract a number of problems to be solved, e.g., controlling hydrogen combustion, turbine designs, materials withstanding superhigh temperature for high-temperature combustion of hydrogen, and optimization of the power generation systems. (NEDO)

  3. Evaluation report on research and development of an ultra-advanced processing system. Sections 1 and 2; Chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho. 1 and 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-08-01

    The ultra-advanced processing system is intended to develop an ultra-advanced processing device technology and an ultra-advanced processing technology. These technologies are indispensable to create such new processing technologies as ultra-precision and ultra-micro processing, and ultra high-grade surface modification processing, which have been impossible by the processing technologies having been available to date. It is also intended to develop a measuring and evaluating technology to support the above technologies. The intended system makes it possible to produce 21st century electronic components and ultra-high grade environment resistant materials. In order to achieve these goals, research and development has been performed on the excited beam technologies such as large output excimer laser and high-density ion beams, the ultra-precision machining device technology, the ultra-advanced processing technology using the above technologies, and the measuring and evaluating technology to assure the reliability of these technologies as the fundamental technologies. This project has begun in fiscal 1986, where fiscal 1987 has achieved development of component technologies related to the large output excimer laser and high-density ion beams, the ultra-precision machining device technology, the ultra-advanced processing technology using the above technologies, and the measuring and evaluating technology, and completed the device technology, having achieved the final target. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the research and development of environmental technologies such as recycling. 2. Technology for reducing automobile running noise; 1998 nendo recycle nado kankyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Jidosha sokoon teigen gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Experiments and studies are conducted for reducing along-the-road automobile running noise. In the study of noise generation due to tire vibration, it is found that the main mechanism of noise generation on a well-drained pavement is the vibration of tires. A calculation model is built for estimating the vibration of the tire belt from the characteristics of the road surface and the tire. In the study of air column resonance in the tread groove, a method is studied of measuring fluctuations in the sound pressure in the tread groove. Measurement is conducted, and it is found that the generally accepted explanation, in which air column resonance is attributed to tread vibration generated upon collision of the tire with the road surface, needs further study for substantiation. In a model experiment, it is found that air column resonance hardly occurs on a well-drained pavement. In the study of hydroplaning, it is found that, even when the total volume of the tread longitudinal grooves is the same, the hydroplaning performance tends to improve when the groove arrangement and crown curvature are proper. (NEDO)

  5. Research report on promotion of geothermal energy exploitation for fiscal 1997. Pilot drilling into Kumaishi district structure (N9-KI-5); 1997 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa hokokusho. Kumaishi chiiki kozo shisui kussaku koji (N9-KI-5)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-01

    Cuttings are examined at the above-named site in Hokkaido, and it is disclosed that there are deterioration into clay, silication, and chloritization. Other signs suggesting the influence of thermal water activity are also listed, broken down by depth. A maximum temperature of 154.2 degrees C (at depth of 2200m) is recorded in a temperature logging, and a maximum temperature of 197.2 degrees C (at depth of 2200m) in a recovery test. The ultimate equilibrium temperature is estimated at 204 degrees C (at depth of 2200m). In the temperature profile, heat transfer is of the convention type in shallow layers and of the conduction type in deep layers, and a large region of lost circulation is detected. Variation in SP is roughly divided into four domains, with the negative peak coinciding with the low resistivity peak and with the lost circulation depth. Resistivity is also divided into four domains roughly. A test of water injection under pressure is conducted, and transmissivity and permeability are calculated. The two are found to be far smaller than those in the case of a dominant geothermal well, and are smaller even when compared with those of wells in presence in the Kumaishi district. The maximum temperature in the well is low and transmissivity at depth is also low, with no geothermal fluid ejection recognized. (NEDO)

  6. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Demonstrative research of an alkali recovery process in the non-wood pulp paper manufacturing industry; 1998 nendo himokuzai pulp seishi sangyo arukari kaishu process ni kakawaru jissho kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    This project is intended of performing demonstrative research jointly with China on a system to efficiently extract, condense, and combust black liquor in a non-wood pulp paper manufacturing plant in China to recover alkaline solution and heat energy, and to contribute to proliferation of the system. Specifically, an alkali recovery plant is built in Cangshan Paper Making Plant in Shandong Province to verify conservation in energy and reduction environmental load. This fiscal year has performed (1) component researches and related technology investigations, and (2) device design and fabrication. For Item 1, the extractor adopted the spiral net type, and the condensation device adopted the falling film evaporator of full-can plate type. For the silica removing agent, data were acquired on reduction of silica in the black liquor and effect of reducing the black liquor viscosity. Basic design requirements were established for an alkali recovery process for a pulp production plant of 75 t/d. Regarding Item 2, prepared were the material and heat balance tables for the black liquor extractor and the black liquor condenser, process flow diagrams (PFD), device specifications, a meter list, and a summary utility consumption list, and confirmed them with the Chinese side. For the black liquor combustion device and the caustification device, PFD and device list prepared by the Chinese side were acquired to start the basic design. (NEDO)

  7. Report on FS survey for project of introduction of highly energy-efficient trolley buses into the Mexico Metropolitan Area in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Mexico city eno sho energy gata trolley bus donyu project FS chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Traffic jam and air pollution by automobiles are currently getting severe in the Mexico Metropolitan Area. Trolley buses were introduced for improving the environment more than ten years ago. Vehicles become too old for use, and their energy efficiency is low. In this project, 200 highly energy-efficient trolley buses are introduced to replace old inefficient trolley buses, which results in the improved traffic convenience in the City and enhanced energy efficiency. The new energy-efficient trolley buses are made of energy-efficient control VVVF inverters produced and exported by MELCO (Mitsubishi Electric Corporation), energy-efficient motors by MELMEX (Mitsubishi Electric Corporation, Mexico), and bodies by MASA which is a major manufacturer of bus bodies. The objective of this research is to analyze the background of introduction of new energy-efficient trolley buses and the effects of the present project. The results of analysis are going to be utilized for future promotion of the Joint Implementation and Clean Development Mechanism. 30 refs., 30 figs., 24 tabs.

  8. International research cooperation in fiscal 1997. Report on the development of novel magnesium alloy-base ultralight materials; 1997 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Magnesium gokin ni yoru chokeiryo shinzairyo no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research and development are conducted for the improvement of magnesium alloy characteristics and for the realization of energy and cost saving in the manufacturing process of the said alloys. Concerning manufacturing techniques for high-performance magnesium materials which are among the existing alloys, researches are conducted about the development of superplastic magnesium alloys, development of heat-resistant magnesium alloys, pulverizing techniques and the experimental construction of equipment therefor, safety of magnesium powder, high-precision strain control, processing for enhanced strength and superplasticity, and heat treatment and surface treatment technologies. In the efforts for developing technologies for manufacturing ultrahigh-performance magnesium materials which are novel alloys, researches are conducted concerning the manufacture of amorphous magnesium alloys and methods for evaluating the characteristics thereof, manufacture of amorphous magnesium alloys by a liquid-aided rapid cooling method and the characteristics of the products, and methods for forming the alloys into wires. The developed magnesium materials are tested for strength, resistance to corrosion, etc., and environmental impacts and friendliness toward environments that will eventually affect the life cycle of the new materials are discussed. 45 refs., 91 figs., 21 tabs.

  9. FY 1999 Report on research and development project. Research and development of high-temperature air combustion technology; 1999 nendo koon kuki nensho seigyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The high-temperature air combustion technology recently developed greatly advances combustion technology. The technology, when applied to the other areas, may expand its applicable areas and contribute to environmental preservation, e.g., abatement of CO2 emissions. This is the motivation for promotion of this project. The combustion technology, developed by improving functions of industrial furnaces, cannot be directly applied to the other combustion heaters. This project is aimed at extraction of the problems involved, finding out the solutions, and thereby smoothly transferring the technology to commercialization. This project covers boilers firing finely pulverized coal, waste incineration processes and high-temperature chemical reaction processes, to which the new technology is applied. It is also aimed at establishment of advanced combustion control basic technology, required when the high-temperature air combustion technology is applied to these processes. In addition to application R and D efforts for each area, the basic phenomena characteristic of each combustion heater type are elucidated using microgravity and the like, to support the application R and D efforts from the basic side. This project also surveys reduction of environmental pollutants, e.g., NOx and dioxins. This report presents the results obtained in the first year. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1995 international research cooperation project. Report on the R and D result of the environmental harmony type combustion technology; 1995 nendo kokusai kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Kankyo chowagata nensho gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The research and development were conducted jointly with Europe of an environmental harmony type high efficient catalyst which enables clean combustion and NOx removal in polluted gas in combustion flue gas, etc. In the research and development of NOx removal catalyst such as zeolite base, reformation of mostly mordenite was done by ion exchange, ion implantation, skeleton element substitution, etc. A possibility was found out of applying the membrane formation method except ion implantation as reforming means. In the R and D of the complex oxide base NOx removal catalyst, it was found that the catalyst carrying copper and silver on silica and layer clay compound under optimum conditions shows peculiarly high activity, and there is little decrease in the activity, but rather increase in it even under vapor existence. An evaluation was made of NO resolution of direct resolution element carrying noble metal electrolyte on solid electrolyte, finding out that the highest NO selectivity is shown with Pd as electrolyte and at a baking temperature of about 1300degC. Development of high- and low-temperature catalysts was also made. 417 refs., 286 figs., 63 tabs.

  11. Fiscal 1999 geothermal development promotion survey report. Data processing (No. B-5 - Musadake region - Phase 3); 1999 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa data shori hokokusho. No. B-5 Musadake chiiki (Dai 3 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-01-01

    A comprehensive analysis was conducted into the results of a survey on the state of existence of geothermal energy resources in the Musadake region, Shibetsu-gun, Hokkaido. The region was volcanically active in the period from the Neogene period into the quaternary, with some volcanos still active even today. The geological structure on the whole is characterized by the Musadake/Mt. Shitabanupuri fault which is the major structure running NNE-SSW and having a folding structure. It is inferred that Musadake is the heat source responsible for the underground temperature distribution in this region. The maximum temperature of 274 degrees C is recorded at borehole N11-MD-3 in the northeastern part of Musadake, and the temperature falls rapidly as the distance from the borehole increases. Ejection of geothermal fluids is observed at boreholes N11-MD-3 and N11-MD-4. It is inferred that the deep-seated geothermal water is of the neutral Cl type with Cl concentration estimated at approximately 12,000 mg/liter. Steam composition is characterized by a gas concentration level that is as high as 3-4 vol.%. The gas is composedly mainly of CO2 and contains some hydrocarbons. Fluids in this region are classified into water mixing into deep-seated geothermal water and groundwater originating in meteoric water. (NEDO)

  12. Report on achievement in developing an ultra low loss power element technology. Survey on practical application of the next generation power semiconductor devices; 1998 nendo choteisonshitsu denryoku soshi gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Jisedai power handotai device jitsuyoka chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Trends were surveyed for development of an ultra low loss power element. Performance improvement has been progressed on power semiconductor elements by using Si as the raw material, but loss reduction has come close to the physical limit. SiC is expected of possibility to go beyond this limit. SiC is so very excellent that its band gap is two to three times greater, insulation breakdown electric field is 7.5 times higher, temperature to become a true semiconductor is three to four times higher than those of Si. The wide gap can reduce high temperature leaking current in p-n junctions, and the increased authenticity temperature can increase the upper limit for operation temperature. The insulation breakdown strength being higher by one digit can reduce the drift layer thickness, and is expected to dramatically reduce the loss. The problem is that high quality crystals have not been obtained to date. One of the promising application fields is electric vehicle. The device currently using the power element in the largest scale is used in frequency converting stations to link the 50-Hz power network in the eastern part of Japan to the 60-Hz network in the western part of Japan. Surveys were carried out on the Sakuma frequency converting station and the New Shinano substation. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 1992 R and D project for next generation infrastructure technology. Report on results of R and D on photo-reactive material; 1992 nendo hikari hanno zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    R and D was conducted with the purpose of establishing fundamental technologies concerning photo-reactive materials, which control molecular structures or polymerization through light beam behavior and which can be used for ultra-high density optical recording, high resolution display, optical switch, etc., with the fiscal 1992 results summarized. In the studies on photochromic materials, investigation was carried out on the possibility of 10 multiple recording and the fundamental features of aggregate forming photochromic compounds. In the studies on high temperature of photochemical hole burning (PHB) materials, a material was synthesized using ionic porphyrin derivatives as guest material and deuterated polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and the like as host, with the evaluation made on the performance of multiple hole formation and storage. In addition, comparisons were made for example on the thermal properties of the PHB materials among the participating enterprises mutually. In the development of chinone PHB materials and research on the improvement of the multiplicity, as this being the final year, researches were done on such subjects as integration of element technologies, material evaluation technology and PHB-related studies, correlatively as the work of the final year. Research results were also reported on the development and systematizing technology of porphyrin-based PHB materials. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1987 report on the result of the R and D of an automatic sewing system. Total system; 1987 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    The paper summarized the R and D of a total system which is an element technology of an automatic sewing system by the Automatic Sewing System Technology Research Association. As to the research on the apparel side, the following were studied: A. To clarify the effective field of element technology by dress type. B. To clarify the method of applying the system to small-/medium-size plants. C. To make study for automation so that it can be the basic data for experimental plants. To proceed with the study concretely, they asked 6 companies developing element technology to have the field study meeting. To study conditions for experimental plants from viewpoints of FA and FMS, the following studies were conducted concretely using a system model, based on the plant design law: A. Layout plan of the system model. B. Handling plan of the system model. C. Communication plan of the system model. D. Utility plan of the system model. E. Building plan. F. Study of the medium-term evaluation method. G. Study on the model plant. The above-mentioned study of the total system was proceeded with under the consideration of supporting the smooth progress of the developmental schedule of the automatic sewing system. (NEDO)

  15. Research and development of superhigh-technological processing systems in fiscal 989 (1.2). Development of devices for highly processing power generating facility parts (1.2.3); Chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1988-03-01

    Described herein are the results of the research and development project for developing superhigh-technological processing systems, and devices for highly processing power generating facility parts.The R and D project for the superhigh-technological processing systems involves short-wavelength exima lasers for the techniques to expand their serviceability and improve their qualities; highly focused, wide-band energy ion beams for gas-phase focused ion beams and large-capacity cluster ion beams; superprecision machining for investigations on superprecision machining elements; techniques for forming and laminating thin films; high-speed surface modification of the stock materials; supporting techniques; and total systems. The R and D for the devices for highly processing power generating facility parts include investigations on the techniques for expanding serviceability of high-output exima lasers serving repeatedly for extended periods, and the techniques allowing the devices serviceable repeatedly for extended periods. The other R and D items include the techniques for light-resistant, high-strength elements, large-current ion beams, and reshaping by exima laser beams. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1986 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Part 2. Development of elementary techniques; 1986 nendo super heat pump energy shuseki system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Yoso gijutsu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1987-04-01

    Summarized in detail herein are R and D results of the chemical heat storage techniques and plant simulation, for R and D of the super heat pump energy accumulation system. For R and D of the chemical heat storage techniques, the R and D efforts are directed to the researches on the fundamental reactions and continuous exothermic reactions involved for the high temperature heat storage type (utilizing the metathesis reactions); researches on the physical properties, heat storage systems, solid-phase reactions, liquid-phase reactors, corrosion of the materials, and so on for the high temperature heat storage type (utilizing ammonia complex); collection of the data related to media and structural materials, tests of the elementary equipment for the absorption and hydration reactions, and so on for the high temperature heat storage type (chemical heat storage utilizing hydration); researches on the media properties and system performance, tests of equipment, and so on for the high temperature heat storage type (heat storage/heating utilizing solvation); researches on the heat storage media, heat storage techniques, corrosion of the materials, systems, and so on for the low temperature heat storage type (utilizing the hydration reactions by mixing solutes); and researches on the media, corrosion and elementary equipment, optimization of the system, and so on for the low temperature heat storage type (clathrate low temperature heat storage systems). (NEDO)

  17. 1998 Annual Study Report. Research and development of power storage by high-temperature superconducting flywheels (research and development of permanent magnet); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Koon chodendo flywheel denryoku chozo kenkyu kaihatsu (eikyu jishaku no kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    The permanent magnets have been investigated and developed, for eventual commercialization of a 10 MWh power storage system by high-temperature superconducting flywheel. The permanent magnet rotors have been already developed in the previous years using a praseodymium-based magnet (Pr magnet) and neodymium-based sintered magnet (Nd sintered magnet), and the target rotational speed of 30,000 rpm has been attained. For development of the magnetic circuit to produce a stronger and smoother magnetic field, magnetic flux density of the Nd sintered magnet is measured. It shows a lower magnetic flux irregularity than the Pd magnet, but there is still room for further improvement. For development of large-size permanent magnet fabrication techniques, it is confirmed that the large-size Nd sintered magnet can be easily magnetized by partial magnetizing, as is the case with the Pr magnet. In this year, the irregular magnetic flux is three-dimensionally simulated, based on the results obtained in the previous years, to find that the simulated results are in good agreement with the observed ones. The measures to solve the problems are also investigated. It is also confirmed that the large-size ring magnet can be easily magnetized by partial magnetization. (NEDO)

  18. FY1998 report on the survey on total energy and material control. Pt. 2. Survey on feasibility to structure a circulation type society; 1998 nendo total energy and material control ni kansuru chosa hokokusho. 2. Junkangata shakai kochiku kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper describes a survey on feasibility to structure a circulation type society. The TEMCOS is a technology to contribute to structuring a circulation type society by controlling energy and materials totally. In order for the technology to develop into one that fuses with districts, survey and research were made on specific possibility of inter-process linking. Particularly discussions were given on zero emission of wastes (by-products) by means of inter-process linking of the metal industries with the chemical and petroleum industries. Therefore, the actual status of by-products was investigated and narrowed down, utilization possibilities were proposed, and the future possibilities and development themes were put into order. In order to structure a sustainable circulation type society, it is indispensable to perform step-wise cascade utilization considering quality of the energy, not only recycling energies and resources. Focusing on recovery of waste heat of low-middle temperatures which is difficult to recover latent heat, plans were established on research themes. The plans include chemical utilization of low-middle temperature heat utilizing ammonia gas, storage of heat in cryogenic temperature waste gas to iron particles, and transfer and utilization thereof. (NEDO)

  19. Report on the investigative study for enregy-saving measure in hydraulic/pneumatic system in 1990 fiscal year; 1990 nendo yukuatsu system ni okeru sho energy taisaku no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1991-05-01

    In hydraulic systems, material problems were investigated in addition to the problem of providing microelectronic instruments and that of working fluids. In pneumatic systems, air leakage and sealing were investigated in response to the resource-saving problem and high-pressurization for miniaturization of systems. The demonstration tests of hydraulic/pneumatic cylinders showed that the piston rod surface-treated by 20um hard chromium plating is more stable than that treated by other methods. There, however, remains the possibility of using SQP even now in hydraulic cylinders in which lubrication is assured. Stabilization of hardness and finishing precision in the SQP treatment of pneumatic cylinders must still be investigated. Concerning the quality of packings for hydraulic systems which use lubricating oil, urethane and other materials are not much different from each other in oil-resistant and wear-resistant properties. Superiority of urethane and XNBR was not apparently shown for non-lubricative pneumatic use. Totalized cost estimation in relation to durability must be regarded as important over the whole field of material, processing, transportation and use. 36 figs., 29 tabs.

  20. Evaluation report on research and development of 'seawater purification and byproduct utilization'; 'Kaisui Tansuika to fukusanbutsu riyo' no kenkyu kaihatsu ni kansuru hyoka hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-03-01

    Research, development, and evaluation were made on seawater purification for the purpose of supplying inexpensive city water stably in the future. In the research of the high flow rate long-tube type multi-stage flash process, basic characteristics were identified by studying fluidity, heat transfer, deaeration, and decarburization by using a test plant with a capacity of 3,000 m{sup 3}/d. A number of findings were derived in carrying out demonstration studies by using a test module with a capacity of 100,000 m{sup 3}/d. Research on heat transfer pipe materials covered a wide area including copper alloys, titanium and aluminum alloys, and ferrous materials, where a prospect was obtained on materials which may be practically usable in the future as transfer pipes in large seawater purifying equipment. Research on a concrete evaporator body proved that it is more economical than steel evaporators, and has sufficient corrosion resistance even against high-temperature brine. Other activities included researches on effects of contaminated seawater, brine diffusion, byproduct utilization, and total systems. Social and economic evaluations were also performed. (NEDO)

  1. Report on the results of the Sunshine Project - Verification survey for geothermal exploration technology, etc. Summary. Survey of deep geothermal resource; Chinetsu tansa gijutsu tou kensho chosa. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa sokatsu seika hokokusho (Yoyaku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    As to the development of deep geothermal resource which is expected to contribute to increasing the capacity of future power generation in Japan, investigational study was made from FY 1992 to FY 2000, and the results were summed up. The investigational study was conducted for the hydrothermal convection type deep geothermal resource with a thermal conducting heating mechanism, of which Kakkonda is typical, including the drilling of deep exploration well using the existing technology. As a result, new information/knowledge were acquired about the thermal structure, reservoir structure and hydrothermal supply structure of the depths, and a deep geothermal model was made. Based on the model, a detailed simulation was made possible, and a whole image of the hydrothermal convection type deep geothermal resource with the thermal conducting heating mechanism was made clear. In the surface survey, observation of microearthquakes, high-accuracy MT method, etc. were carried out, and a grasp of the shape of a new granite body from the surface was made possible. Concerning the drilling technology, the geologic stratum with a temperature over 500 degrees C was successfully drilled down to a depth of 3,729m by prolonging the life of bit at the time of drilling by introducing the top drive system, the closed mud cooling device, etc. (NEDO)

  2. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Development of an interim processing technology to re-commercialize mixed waste plastics; 1998 nendo kongo haipura saishohinka no tame no chukan shori system gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    The container and package recycling law is fully enforced starting fiscal 2000. Recycling obligation is placed also on plastic containers and packages discharged from households, excepting PET bottles for beverages and soy sauce. Therefore, it is required to establish an interim processing technology to process these materials into shapes easy for re-utilization and transportation, that is a technology to manufacture granules with adequate diameters. The purpose of this research is to develop the interim processing system technology. Design, fabrication and installation were performed on an interim processing system plant (a mixed waste plastic granule manufacturing facility) that can process annually waste plastics of 3,000 tons (0.5 t/h). The plant consists of the following four pieces of equipment: (1) a pulverizer, (2) a PVC sorting device, (3) a granulating device, and (4) a sizer. After the installed interim processing system demonstration plant has been trially operated and adjusted by each device, the whole plant was given the trial operation and adjustment to have verified that all the devices function normally. In addition, in order to evaluate economy of the waste plastics interim processing, the processing cost was calculated and the economic performance was evaluated preliminarily by using the rated electric power setting and trial operation data of each device. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 2000 report on result of R and D of nonmetallic material recycling promotion technology (demonstration test and research, total system technology); 2000 nendo hitetsu kinzokukei sozai recycle sokushin gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Jissho shiken kenkyu, total system gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D was conducted on advanced recycling technology for aluminum and base metal/rare metal based materials, with fiscal 2000 results compiled. In the research of aluminum recycling technology, on a continuous fractional crystallization process and a purification by zinc removal process, the existing facilities for each demonstrated that they could simulate an aluminum scrap melting process capacity of 1,000 t/month, with a series of initial conditions determined. In the research of total system technology, combined test facilities were completed in which a purification process and a melt cleaning process were integrated. In the research of the recycling technology for base metal/rare metal based materials, a test was carried out by demonstrative facilities, with the aim of establishing copper regeneration technology in which high grade copper is produced using metal/resin based scraps such as shredder dust of automobiles as the materials. In structuring the total system technology, a preliminary survey and environmental load measures were carried out toward the practicability of a comprehensive copper metal collection recycling system. (NEDO)

  4. FY 1998 annual summary report on research and development of hybrid pulse plasma coating (HPPC) system (first year); 1998 nendo hybrid gata pulse plasma coating (HPPC) system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Daiichinendo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The R and D program was implemented for a hybrid pulse plasma coating system, where organometallic gases as the feed gases were selected, and methods for feeding them and treating the exhaust gases to remove organic metals were studied, as the preliminary steps for the pulse introduction tests. The tests of combining an rf plasma with microwaves and pulse plasma generation have been started. The power source characteristics, e.g., pulse width, voltage and current, were analyzed, and high-voltage pulse voltage application tests were conducted, in order to grasp the power source characteristics related to the pulse voltage application. Generation of high-density plasma has been confirmed by the tests with microwaves absorbed by an rf plasma, and the plasma density measurement has been started using the single probe and double probe methods. It is also confirmed that a pulse voltage can be applied to a high-density plasma. A plasma source type ion injector (PSII) has been made on a trial basis, to collect the data for the injector. (NEDO).

  5. FY1990 research report on the survey for promoting model construction for oil substitute renewable energy introduction into a mountainous district community; 1990 nendo sankanchigata sekiyu daitai energy donyu model kochiku sokushin chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    A renewable energy introduction model is proposed for a mountainous district community, built in view of the social and economic characteristics of such a community and relations between the amount of renewable energy in existence and demand for energy. The aim is to select a district to which the model will apply. First, districts for the survey to cover and methods to use are mentioned. Next, population, trend of aging, industrial activities, weather conditions, and the like are taken up, which is for appraising the trend of demand for energy in the mountainous district and to know the feasibility of regional energy utilization. The field in which energy is demanded and the magnitude of such demand are associated with the social and economic characteristics of the district, and the expected increase in demand for energy is predicted for 1995 and 2000. The types of regional energy, their amounts in existence, and their availability in the mountainous district are determined. The basic policy to follow when utilizing regional energy in a mountainous district is shown, and a model is proposed of introducing oil substitute energy of the mountainous district type. Studies are conducted in the effort to isolate a district suitable for the application of the proposed model. (NEDO)

  6. FY 1999 report on the results of the joint study - project on the industry use photovoltaic power generation field test. 3/3; 1999 nendo sangyonadoyo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho. 3/3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    In the field test, solar cell panels were installed on rooftop, and inverters were installed indoors. The electric power generated was connected at high pressure with electric installation of facilities and was also supplied to power equipment, lighting, air conditioning, etc. in facilities. The FY 1999 results were summarized. The installation of photovoltaic power generation facilities at 39 places and the results of the study were summarized in this report including a community hall of Iwade town, Wakayama prefecture, Sugihara Industrial Co., a public library of Mabi town, Okayama prefecture, Social Welfare Corporation Shofukai Aiwaen, Japan Kodo Paper Industries Co., etc. (NEDO)

  7. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of a multi-plant maintenance system (the first year); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Odanteki maintenance gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu (dai 1 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This research and development is intended to structure a network centering around a center having systematized high-level maintenance technology, by utilizing the technological infrastructure having been built in local areas, together with element technologies possessed by national and private research institutes, universities and colleges. It is also purposed to establish a new industrial system for maintenance to realize high reliability, high operation rate and low cost in plants in certain areas. The present fiscal year had the following achievements: research and development of a maintenance system, a maintenance model, a maintenance vehicle, damage estimating technology for stationary parts such as piping, an anomaly diagnostic system using acoustic emission, an anomaly diagnostic system using wear particles in lubricant, an anti-wear material using surface modification, a lubrication control system, and an anomaly diagnostic system using ultrasonic waves. The research and development executing organization was divided into four groups for the maintenance system, maintenance model, maintenance vehicle, and maintenance tool. All groups have achieved the initial plans satisfactorily. (NEDO)

  8. Research report for fiscal 1998 on the analysis of spread effect of technologies approved as international standards. Value web analysis and research; 1998 nendo kokusai hyojun ni ninteisareta gijutsu no hakyu koka bunseki chosa hokokusho. Value wave bunseki chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For contributing to the formulation of technology development programs, an analysis is conducted based on the concept of value web into which the economic spread effect is incorporated. As information technology plays an important role in the fields of automobiles and chemical materials, there are various fields the research and development efforts exerted in which are common to many others. As to what additional values are created when such separately developed technologies cross each other, a discussion is conducted using techniques of industry-oriented analyses. Findings obtained are mentioned below. When the numbers of essays relative to the respective industries are compared, it is found that 63% of the total number of biotechnological essays fall on agriculture, the drug industry, and the food industry. On the other hand, when it comes to the produce, related industries larger in marketing scale is more strongly influenced by the spread effect. The spread effect of biotechnology is distinguished in the drug industry, and that of information/communication technology in the information industry, electric and electronic industries, and in the semiconductor industry. (NEDO)

  9. Research cooperation project in fiscal 1998. General report on research cooperation related to mine waste water treatment technology by utilizing biotechnology; 1998 nendo kenkyu kyoryoku jigyo. Bio riyo ni yoru kohaisui shori gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku sokatsu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper describes cooperative development of bio-treatment technology for mine waste water generated by operating mines in China. Certain types of bacteria have capability to oxidize ferrous iron in the waste water into ferric iron ions. The bacteria cause ferric iron oxides in low pH regions to get deposited, and can remove them from sedimentation by using cheap calcium carbonate as a neutralizer. Volumetric reduction in waste sediments may also be achieved during removing heavy metals in a pretreatment process. Great advance may be expected in taking actions to prevent water quality contamination. This paper summarizes activities taken in fiscal 1998. Eight site surveys in total were carried out using 47 persons in total. Major activities included operation study guidance of a pilot plant, and surveys for measures on heavy metal generation sources in Wushan Mine. In addition, site surveys were performed at Dexing Mine and Yinshan Zinc Mine. Subsequently from fiscal 1997, a bench scale testing equipment used in Japan and consumables were transported to China. The operation study data on the pilot plant were put into order and analyzed. Concept design was also made on a waste water treatment facility for Wushan Mine. (NEDO)

  10. Survey report of FY 1997 on the global environmental industry technology development promotion project. International research exchange project; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kaihatsu suishin jigyo (kokusai kenkyu koryu jigyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Exchange of personnel among foreign research organizations is significant for promoting research and development to create new research fields and to build new technological systems for the purpose of solving global environmental problems. For this purpose, researchers were sent/invited to/from international conferences and international symposiums related to global environmental technology and exchange of personnel with major foreign research organizations and universities was conducted under the cooperation of RITE and RITE-related researchers and related academic societies. Based on short-term invitation and sending of researchers as well as the feasibility study of researcher exchange, researchers were sent/invited on long- and mid-terms. As a result, exchange of personnel engaged in the latest research in Japan and overseas could be promoted. It was found that various researches are being conducted abroad in basic areas of global environmental technology. Since they are closely related to the research and development of industrial technology contributing to global environmental preservation promoted by RITE, it is important to establish a more efficient exchange system of researchers in the future. 91 refs., 38 figs., 14 tabs.

  11. FY 2000 report on the results of the joint research - Field test project on the photovoltaic power generation for public facility use; 2000 nendo kyodokenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho. Kokyo shisetsu you taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    The paper arranged the FY 2000 results of the field test on the photovoltaic power generation for public facility use, etc. This report described in detail the results obtained at 237 places including the following: Social Welfare Corp. Seimei-kai, Kobe City (Hyogo Prefecture), Iitaka Town of Iinan County (Mie Prefecture), Kyushu Electric Safety Association, Educational Corp. Kongo Gakuen, Social Welfare Corp. Izumi-kai, Educational Corp. Shiobara Ikuei-kai, Educational Corp. Aiko Gakuen, Social Welfare Corp. Tachibana-kai, Cooperative Association Co-op Kobe, Social Welfare Corp. Hoshizuki-no-sato, Tochigi-Fuji Industrial Co., Hirabayashi Section of Gamo Town of Gamo County (Shiga Prefecture), Yanagawa City (Fukuoka Prefecture), Imadate City of Imadate County (Fukui Prefecture), Osaka Prefecture, Yamanashi Prefecture, Utazu Town of Ayauta County (Kagawa Prefecture), Educational Corp. Fukuyama Gakuen, New Energy Business Cooperative Association, Meitec Corp., Shikoku Medicom Co., Shizen Kobo Co., Educational Corp. Horikoshi Gakuen, Matama Town of Nishi-Kunisaki County (Oita Prefecture), Nio Town of Mitoyo County (Kagawa Prefecture), Educational Corp. Koshien Gakuin, Sansei Giken Co., Mitsui Greenland Co., AWI Mach Co., Nagoya City and Educational Corp. Kibogaoka Gakuen. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 2000 on the fundamental research on functional sectional imaging system using optical interference; 2000 nendo hikari kansho riyo kokino danso gazo sokutei sytsem ni kansuru kiban kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-16

    This project promotes the fundamental research on the conventional OCT technology to make it applicable to wider clinical applications of diagnoses and therapies by greatly improving the technology in view of higher spatial resolution, smaller size, and functional diversification. The research is supported by the medical and engineering cooperative research that utilizes the medical and engineering knowledge. Furthermore, as the fundamental technologies for the next generation, the sectional image measuring technology is established that makes possible to measure the three-dimensional flow and movement such as blood flow distribution in very small blood vessels, and performs the basic research on high-speed sectional image measurement to measure moving images of sectional images. The research contents for the current fiscal year may be summarized as follows: in the research on a small integrated optical element to make diagnostic application possible for skin cancers, retinal detachment, and cataract, research on trial production of a small OCT has been performed, and research on high spatial resolution has been implemented; furthermore, research was carried out on an endoscope integrated type OCT system intended of textural diagnoses of gastric cancer, hemorrhoidal cancer, and colic cancer, and on a sectional image measuring system intended of extracting biochemical information, and on a high-precision absorptive spectrum measuring technology for biogenic structures. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on the research and development of human sensory measurement application technology. 2. Subject; 1997 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Honronhen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Efforts continue from the previous fiscal year to analyze time-dependent correlations between changes in fatigue/alertness-related psychological quantities and combined physiological changes. Using an office space as a sample, an augmented model is completed concerning a relative method of measurement, analysis of impression structure, scaling of the degree, and simultaneous relationship analysis. The environmental compatibility indexing is improved by analyzing physical quantities and brain waves that influence psychological sensation. In the indexing of product compatibility wherein the compatibility between products and human beings is evaluated from the viewpoint of affinity or friendliness, the index structure dependent on subjectivity and physiological reaction is enhanced in precision. Application case studies in which indices of physiological sensation, environments, and product compatibility are reflected on the designs of daily-use products and living/working circumstances, and a human sensory database prototype is experimentally constructed. The indexing prototype, related to muscular fatigue due to a restrained working attitude and mental fatigue due to the load of mental activities, is enhanced in precision. In the study of product compatibility indexing technology, improvement and evaluation are carried out on the practical attitude/sight line evaluation system. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1998 annual report on the survey on development, introduction and promotion of urban type multipurpose geothermal utilization techniques; 1998 nendo toshigata tamokuteki chinetsu riyo gijutsu no kaihatsu, donyu, sokushin ni kansuru chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Introduction of geothermal heat pump systems, which depend on temperature differential, is investigated for urban areas, which have large energy demands. Results of the surveys on the current situations of geothermal heat pump (GHP) systems indicate that they have already numbered 300,000 units in USA and totaled more than 50,000 units in Switzerland and Northern European countries, and that they are increasing at an annual rate of higher than 10%. The results also indicate that introduction of these systems are well feasible in Japan, which generally has better topographical conditions than American and European countries, and the GHP system with vertical ground heat exchanger is investigated for its topographical and environmental considerations. These systems could annually abate approximately 52 million tons of CO2 (4.3% decrease), if disseminated to all households. They are also expected to help control the heat island phenomenon, and reduce peak power consumption. The technological problems to be solved before these systems are massively disseminated including development of small scale drilling rigs and preparation of drilling manuals. System standardization and introduction of subsidy systems are also needed to massively disseminate these systems. (NEDO)

  15. Achievement report on research and development of medical and welfare equipment technology. Meal delivery robot for carrying food trays to aged and disabled persons; Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Koreisha shogaishayo shokuji hanso jido robot system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-11-01

    Research and development of a mobile robot is carried out, who steers the meal distribution wagon, serves the meal at the bedside of aged or disabled people, retrieves the dishes when the meal is over, and then carry them back. The conditions discussed in the study for the robot to simultaneously satisfy are mentioned below. It should be of the size and weight fit for the job, avoid obstacles while travelling automatically and safely, behave at a safe and proper rate not jeopardizing the patient during the feeding process, communicate with the patient through picture and voice, and capable of acting without causing people to find in it anything overbearing or wrongful. The project began with the concept design process, which was followed by the basic design process, tentative manufacture of parts, tentative manufacture of components, and finally the construction of the whole. The developed robot system, after passing functional tests conducted in a mockup facility, experiences some period of tentative employment at three medical and welfare facilities. It is then confirmed that it safely performs a series of acts including meal serving and dish retrieving and that it is excellent in terms of autonomous self-control, safety, friendliness, and work efficiency. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1993 R and D project for industrial science and technology. Report on results of R and D on silicon-based high polymer material; 1993 nendo keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihtsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    R and D was conducted on the silicon-based high polymer that are hoped for superior electronic/optical functions and heat/flame-resistant dynamical properties, for the purpose of establishing fundamental technologies such as molecular design, synthesis, material forming and evaluation method, with the fiscal 1993 results summarized. In the synthesis of electrically conductive silicon-based polymeric materials, a concept of indirect doping was presented, revealing that workability and electrically conductive properties were enhanced by additives. In the synthesis of new silicon-based polymeric materials capable of circuit plotting, studies were made on Si-Si bond forming reaction of alkoxydisilanes as well as on the correlation between polysilane skeleton structure and its property. In the synthesis of new silicon-based polymeric materials having for example a light-emitting function, evaluation was made on synthesis and light emitting property concerning the compound that controlled the silicon skeleton structure. In addition, R and D was conducted on the precision synthesis technology of compounds, on which manifestation of photoelectric conversion function was expected. Further, research was done on unsaturated and high coordination organosilicic compound, functionality of silicon-based high polymer, and synthesis/polymerization of silicon monomer. (NEDO)

  17. Research report for fiscal 1998. Basic research for promoting joint implementation, etc. (conversion of old coal-fired thermoelectric power plants in Poland into combined cycle plants); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Poland sekitan karyoku hatsudensho (kyushiki) combined cycle eno tenkan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A project is discussed for modernization for energy efficiency enhancement and greenhouse gas reduction. The most effective way to reduce greenhouse gas in Poland is to totally replace the existing coal-fired power plants with natural gas combined cycle plants. Under this project, however, natural gas-fired power generation and integrated coal/brown coal gasification combined cycle power generation are both subjected to study. This is because the power plant modernization project is closely related to the fate of coal/brown coal industries which constitute the important industrial department of Poland. As for the earning rate of the project in case of natural gas-fired combined cycle power generation, the rate will be 13.2% even at the Kaweczyn station which is the highest in earning rate, and this fails to satisfy the project conditions. If integrated coal/brown gasification combined cycle power generation is chosen, the rate will be still lower. When the cost for greenhouse gas reduction is taken up, the Konin station exhibits the lowest of 9 dollars/tCO2, and the others 15-17 dollars/tCO2. When coal gas combined cycle is employed, the cost will be 3-4 times higher. (NEDO)

  18. Report on the FY 1995 basic survey for industrialization related to the survey of overseas geological structure (Pondok Labu East area, Indonesia); 1995 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa ni kakawaru kigyoka kiso chosa (Indonesia Pondok Labu higashi chiku) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The survey was conducted based on 'Scope of work for detailed coal exploration in the Pondok Labu East area of East Kalimantan Province, Kalimantan, Indonesia' concluded on June 16, 1995 between NEDO and P.T. Tanito Harum which owns the mining right. The area for survey is approximately 10km west of Tenggarong city, the capital of Kabupaten Kutai, East Kalimantan Province which is northeast part of Kalimantan island of Indonesia. The field survey was divided into the geological/boring survey and the survey of conditions for underground mining development and the infrastructure. This survey made it clear that in the underground mining of PDL7A seam, assuming the minable coal reserve to be 6.81 million tons, it is possible to produce raw coal of 0.5 million tons/year by adopting the longwall pick mining. The raw coal is all prepared, and the yield is 80%. Accordingly, the production of product coal is 0.4 million tons/year. Attached were the boring log (JN9-94-0855), physical log (JN9940856), and BIP survey report (JN9940857). (NEDO)

  19. Survey report for fiscal 1998. Survey of trends of new CO{sub 2} fixation technology using bacteria and algae (II); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Saikin sorui wo riyoshita atarashii nisanka tanso kotei gijutsu no doko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The trend of technology is surveyed from a standpoint that, in the process of CO2 fixation using microbes for the production of useful substances, it is essential, in view of income/outgo balance and economy, to utilize their catalytic function. The survey centers about the feasibility of the utilization of organic wastes, cellulose wastes in particular, as an energy source. Special attention is paid to the energy of artificial light and laser beams. From a point of view that it is important to suppress cell multiplication and to effectively utilize only catalytic activity for the production of useful substances, the cell division mechanism of the Corynebacterium is analyzed, and the findings are compiled to facilitate the study as to whether the division may be controlled. A report is also prepared on the metabolic mechanism of a photosynthesizing bacterium that is judged to be the most promising species. Reference is made to aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. Shown are the organic compounds that are formed by CO2 gas fixation thanks to microbial or enzymatic reactions. To emphasize their importance as an energy source and to explain the conversion of biomass into useful substances, the technology and economy of conversion into fuel compounds are surveyed. The production of ethanol out of organic wastes is evaluated in the way of LCA (life cycle assessment). (NEDO)

  20. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Research and development of synergy ceramics (Research and development of anti-corrosion technologies for oil production system); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shinaji ceramics no kenkyu kaihatsu (sekiyu seisan system fushoku boshi gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A computer simulation-aided designing technology is completed to help develop synergy ceramics which are complicated in phase constitution and material structure. A program, which simulates sintering and particle growth for multiple solid-state and solid-state/liquid-phase systems, has been built assuming the form of an integrated micro/nano level simulation technology based on the Monte Carlo method. The new program applies to systems consisting of more than three different phases, and deals in a uniform way with the designing of various textures formable by transfer of matters in solid-state particle growth, Ostwalt ripening, solid-state sintering, liquid-phase sintering, and additive reaction. The Monte Carlo method-assisted program is applied to systems based on AlN, Si{sub 3}N{sub 4}, and Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}, and a good result is achieved in each case. The molecular dynamic method is mainly used in atom level simulation for application to ZrO{sub 2}-Y{sub 2}O{sub 3} and Si-C-N, and a good result is achieved in each case. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1976 Sunshine Project result report. R and D on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply system; 1976 nendo taiyonetsu reidanbo kyuto system no kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1977-03-01

    This report describes the fiscal 1974-76 research result on solar cooling/heating and hot water supply systems. Research was made on survey and analysis of current R and D states, system analysis, energy impact analysis, installation sites of solar collectors, diffusion policy, profitability, and performance evaluation method. Main research results obtained are as follows. The effect of solar cooling/heating and hot water supply on the Japanese energy demand in 2000 is estimated to be 13% for residences and 5% for the other buildings. Environment pollution derived from solar cooling/heating is extremely less than that from conventional energy quantitatively. The facility cost is estimated to be probably 27,000yen/m{sup 2} in collector cost, and nearly 100,000yen/t in heat storage tank cost. As design data for solar cooling/heating systems, the estimation method of heat collection for every solar radiation rank, performance comparison of honeycomb type collectors, and various data for air heat collection systems are presented. (NEDO)

  2. Achievement report for fiscal 1992. Research and development of ceramic gas turbine (Study on its adaptability with society); 1992 nendo ceramic gas turbine no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shakai tekigosei kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-05-01

    With an objective to attain a guideline for putting ceramic gas turbine (CGT) into practical application, conceptual discussions on the CGT based industrial cogeneration system (CGS) and the CGT based CGS simulations were performed to discuss quantitatively the effects of the system introduction, and estimate latent markets based on the result of calculating the introduction effects. In addition, investigations were carried out on Germany as the advanced nation with regard to the systems according to utilization patterns, load profiles, operation cost, exhaust gas measures, and the related laws and regulations. The activities may be summarized specifically as follows: 1) putting the back-data for industrial energy demand into order; 2) calculation of CGT introduction effects in industrial areas; 3) discussions on latent demand and social adaptability of CGT in the industrial area; and 4) investigations in overseas countries. Item 2 is composed of the conceptual design of industrial CGT/CGS, and the simulations on the actual status of energy demand in industrial business operation centers and on the effects of the industrial CGT/CGS. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1997 report on the feasibility survey of Japan`s cooperation into energy/environment related fields in Asian countries; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Asia shokoku ni okeru energy kankyo kanren bun`ya eno kyoryoku kanosei chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A survey was made to study possibilities of Japan`s cooperation in tackling energy/environment problems in Asian countries. In 1995 the GNP growth rate was 2.6% in the world, while it was 7.9% in Asia showing a rapid growth. With the accelerating industrialization and urbanization, energy demand is now over three times as much as that in the 1980s. This means increases in waste and environmental pollution. Especially, the use of firewood in non-electrified areas is a serious problem the same as the slash-and-burn farming and deforestation. Also relating to the production of electric power, it is inevitable to choose hydroelectric power and renewable energy in addition to fossil fuels. Therefore, the necessity is heightening of various technologies for it and environmental protection technologies such as coal cleaning. Local areas, where the population density is extremely low and the electrification cost is high, became victims of elecrification. There the power system should be shifted from the central supply system to the local distributed one. For it, it is necessary to recognize an importance of the distributed type renewable energy which is friendly to the environment. The paper outlined the state of each country and energy by policy and environment. 10 figs., 83 tabs.

  4. FY 1999 Report on the technical results. Research and development project for creation of the quick-effect type international standards (Comprehensive surveys); 1999 nendo sokkogata kokusai hyojun sosei kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Sogo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Safety, environment protection and internationality are most important product qualities, and international standardization of product qualities and testing methods are essential for strengthening international competitiveness. Viewed from this angle, the R and D project is conducted to propose the international standards for the following 5 areas related to environment and safety, selected in expectation that the results could be obtained in short time for preparation of the international proposals; (1) standardization of the wireless IC tags for logistics management, (2) standardization of quality and testing methods of automobile fuels and lubricants, (3) research and development for international standards in the field of safety of machinery, (4) standardization of evaluation methods for electronic data security system, and (5) standardization for the safety of light emitting diodes. The results are obtained for preparation of the international standard drafts, interim or final. The activities are directed to promotion of international interchangeability of radio frequency identification (RFID) systems for area (1); to standardization of the systems for emergency stopping/controlling machines for the area (3), to improvement of security evaluation standards of existing information systems for the area (4), and to unification of the ISO/IEC safety standards for the area (5). (NEDO)

  5. FY 2000 study report on the study on technological development of the chemical processes of the next generation; 2000 nendo jisedai kagaku process gijutsu kaihatsu ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The technological development of the innovative chemical reaction processes is studied, in order to accomplish further energy saving, and reduction of resource consumption and environmental loads. Described herein are the FY 2000 study results. The program for systematization of the next-generation chemical processes systematically pigeonholes the undergoing projects and subjects to be studied, based on the principles of simplification, and sets the study fields of organic bulk chemicals, organic fine chemicals, highpolymer materials and inorganic materials. The program for investigation on next-generation chemical processes reviews creation and technological use of tailor-made biocatalysts, polymer materials which utilize wood resources, tailor-made reaction process engineering for handling fine particles in high-temperature reaction fields, production and processing of materials for high-performance polymer batteries, and extreme energy saving process for polyolefins, and proposes the revisions. The newly proposed study themes include novel C1 catalytic processes toward minimal wastes, and high utilization of biotechnology for novel processes to create materials. (NEDO)

  6. Research report for fiscal 1998. Basic research for promoting joint implementation, etc. (master plan for changing district heating boilers, Nizhniy Novgorod province); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Nizhniy Novgorod shu chiiki danboyo boiler tenkan master plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The above-named plan aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and enhance energy efficiency. The above-named Russian system for supplying heat and hot water is operated by the 51 local governments in the province, with boiler houses sited at 4047 locations. Almost all of them are approximately 30 years old, low in thermal efficiency because of their obsolete design and structure, costly because of their old parts and components wanting repair, and higher in fuel cost than those fired by natural gas. It is indispensable to replace the existing boilers with natural gas-fired boilers, and it is estimated that there are 4511 boilers that require such replacement. When the heat supply business operated by the local governments is modernized, the CO2 gas emission will be reduced by approximately 2.675-million tons/year. As for energy efficiency, it is found that replacement by heavy oil-fired boilers is the highest in terms of the effect of investment. (NEDO)

  7. Report on a wind power development field test project (detailed wind condition investigation) in the city of Choshi; Choshishi ni okeru furyoku kaihatsu field test jigyo (fukyo seisa) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-11-01

    This paper describes observation on the annual wind condition at the Yokka-ichibadai in the city of Choshi. The average wind velocities were 4.7 and 3.8 m/s at the ground height of 20 and 10 meters, respectively, not having reached the NEDO's criterion values 5.6 and 5.0 m/s. The annual wind direction emergence rate on the wind axis was 70%, meeting the criterion value of 60% or higher, and the wind direction is stable. The exponent for the vertical wind velocity distribution was 3.3, which is similar to that in the urban area. Disturbance in the wind condition was 0.18, meeting the criterion value of 0.30 or lower. The maximum momentary wind velocity was 31.9 m/s, which is well below the criterion of 60 m/s presenting no problem as a wind mill construction site. The wind energy density was 94 W/m{sup 2}, being only 63% of the criterion value, when all the azimuths were used as the object. The result of the investigation is that the average wind velocity is low and the wind energy density is also low. However, if the size of wind mill to be introduced is set to the class B (300 kW), it is possible to attain an annual operation rate of 58%, an annual energy acquisition amount of 515 MWh, and a facility utilization rate of 19.6%. If set to the class C (750 kW), an operation rate of 78%, an annual energy acquisition of 1296 MWh, and a facility utilization rate of 19.7% can be obtained, meeting the criterion value. (NEDO)

  8. FY 1997 report on the modification of dental materials with Ag for improvement of antibacterial activity; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (gin ion ni yoru shikayo zairyo no kokinsei fuyo ni kansuru kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Improvement of an antibacterial activity is one of the issues in modification of artificial teeth for an aged society. Study was made on improvement technique of an antibacterial activity with Ag ion as secondary corrosion measures. Partial gaps of dental materials themselves and gaps between materials and peripheral tissues causes bad breath or bad teeth through propagation of disease germs. Ag ion is harmless and has an antibacterial activity for bio-tissues from a macro-viewpoint, however, only corrosion germ causing bad teeth in mouths should be sterilized by controlling an elution rate of Ag properly. The antibacterial activity was controlled by controlling Ag ion implantation depth and rate, and Ag elution rate for dental materials. Experiment was made on an IMZ twinplus specimen implanted with Ag ion and an Ag thin film-coated specimen using beagle dog in comparison with an unmodified specimen. As a result, the very favorable antibacterial activity was obtained. Ag ion is effective for prevention of endogenous infectious disease due to mouth germs in dental surgery. 3 refs., 47 figs., 10 tabs.

  9. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Surveys on development of an at-home welfare device system to rationalize energy use; 1998 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This paper analyzes and puts into order the data surveyed and discussed on thirteen Welfare Techno-Houses (WTH) from a comprehensive viewpoint. It summarizes findings contributing to development and structuring of new at-home welfare device systems of effective energy utilization type. The paper first puts into order and discusses the survey and study items available for comparison and discussion, and the survey items with originality found in the surveys of the WTH, with which relatively large number of items were surveyed and studied among the thirteen locations nationwide. Next, the paper attempts comprehensive evaluation on the achievements thereof by the following items: (1) measurement and evaluation on energy consumption of different at-home welfare devices, (2) surveys and studies on energy demand evaluation inside and outside the residential houses arranged with considerations for elderly people according to the district characteristics, (3) evaluation on daily, weekly and annual changes in energy consumption in these houses, and (4) design and development of welfare systems of effective energy utilization type for these houses. Furthermore, the paper summarizes the general attributes of the WTHs in different districts, power consumption in these at-home welfare device systems in the WTH and energy consumption of the houses, in the forms available for comparison and discussion. Then, the paper summarizes the achievements of the present surveys and studies on the thirteen WTHs all over the country. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the R and D under consignment from NEDO on human sensory measurement application technology; 1997 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper outlined the result of the fiscal 1997 R and D on `human sensory measurement application technology (HSMAT)` which entered into the second stage. As to the R and D of technology for development of human sensory indices, examples for developing human sensory indices were set up for the following each technology to be developed, and measuring experiments were conducted: technology to assess the effect on physiological senses such as fatigue and awakening, technology to assess human adaptability to various environmental conditions, and technology to assess adaptability of products to humans from a viewpoint of affinity, etc. In relation to the R and D of technology for practical application of human sensory indices, a study was conducted of application examples for using each index to the design of daily products and residential/working environments, and at the same time a prototype database of human sensory data was trially made using part of the experimental data. Moreover, for clothes and working environment to feel better, design/assembly were conducted of a hand/leg movable and sit-on-chair manikin which enables rational estimation of thermal sense of humans. 82 refs., 391 figs., 88 tabs.

  11. Report on follow-up for joint research of valuable resources recovery techniques from brackish water; Kansuichu no yuka shigen kaishu gijutsu ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku follow up hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    This report describes follow-up for research and development on the recovery of valuable resources, such as magnesium, bromine and boron, contained in the brackish water for manufacture of common salt in the coastal region of Mexico. For the field survey, salt garden, irrigation plant and manufacturing plant of dinning salt were inspected. The optimum site was examined by assuming desalination plant and solar pond. The groundwater in coastal regions is progressively salified. Since the coastal region is a tourist resort with an round-trip area of whales, environmental protection is indispensable. For the joint research with invited researchers, the solar pond system and fresh water generation were studied. As a result, it was found that the solar pond system is an excellent method for keeping thermal energy in a low cost at the salt garden with abundant solar energy, and that the desalination system combined with distilling is the most suitable method. 7 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  12. Research report for fiscal 1998. Research for 'New Earth 21' project implementation program preparation; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. 'Chikyu saisei keikaku' no jisshi keikaku sakusei ni kansuru chosa jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the establishment of a CO2 measures introduction scenario which the world would accept, the latest information was collected, the DNE21 (Dynamic New Earth 21) model was improved, and simulation was reviewed. In fiscal 1998, simulation was performed for each district using an LDNE21 (Linear Dynamic New Earth 21) model, and an energy flow chart, energy balance table, and trade table were prepared and subjected to detailed deliberation. Studied were also conducted about the changes to occur in methanol production when the natural gas reserves and plant cost data were given different values. In the DNE21 model, the 'macro economy model' and 'warming damage function' were integrated, and simulation was performed for verification. Using a standard model compatible with COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change), comparison was made between a case in which different CO2 emission constraints were imposed on the advanced area and developing area separately and a case in which one and the same constraint was imposed on the world as a whole, and calculations were made about CDM (Clean Development Mechanism). (NEDO)

  13. Leading research report for fiscal 1998. Research and study of 3-dimensional cell structure module engineering; 1998 nendo sendo chosa kenkyu hokokusho. Sanjigen saibo soshiki module kogaku chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For the formation of cellular tissues to replace bionic tissues, researches were conducted about technologies of forming bionic tissue modules by culturing various kinds of cells. As for the materials and methods for constructing cellular tissues, researches were conducted about the trends of research and development of 3-dimensional tissue culturing matrices and materials for micromanipulation. As for the development of technologies for the functionalization of 3-dimensionally structured cells, research and study were conducted about the technology of 3-dimensional cell structure organization through application of physical stimulation, the biochemical technology of differentiation inducing, and the differentiation inducing technology for hetero tissue culturing. As for the development of technologies for evaluation using 3-dimensionally structured cells, light CT (computer tomography), analysis and evaluation using spectroscopy and the like, feasibility of the biochemical analysis of the cell state using biosensors, technologies for measuring the secretion of carcinogenic and toxic substances, etc., were studied. In addition, the development of organic models to replace test animals, industrial evolution of 3-dimensional tissue module engineering, etc., were investigated. (NEDO)

  14. Research and survey report of FY 1997 on the CO2 balance for high-temperature CO2 fixation and utilization technology; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (nisanka tanso koon bunri gijutsu ni okeru CO2 balance ni kansuru chosa kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The purpose of this research is to clarify the application condition and effectiveness of high-temperature CO2 fixation and utilization technology. To evaluate the present process, it was compared with others, such as separation using a polymer membrane, physico-chemical absorption process, adsorption process, hydrogen contact reduction process, and biological fixation. The development trends of absorption, membrane, adsorption, and cryogenic separation were investigated. The questionnaire was carried out about the separation technologies which are in the stage of performance test using actual gas, to arrange and compare the data and information. The current trends of chemical and biological CO2 fixation and utilization technology were also investigated for arranging the subjects. High-temperature CO2 disposal by the carbonation in concrete waste has been studied, to clarify its application conditions and effectiveness. In order to compare the separation technologies, treatment processes of CO2 in the exhaust gas from boilers of LNG power generation and coal fired power generation were simulated. These processes were simulated by ASPEN PLUS for the modeling. Trends of application of ASPEN PLUS and collection of information were surveyed by participating in the ASPEN WORLD. 103 refs., 51 figs., 55 tabs.

  15. Fiscal 1998 research report. R and D on super metal (Al system mesoscopic texture-controlled material); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu (aluminium kei mesoscopic soshiki seigyo zairyo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    For development of Al materials with superior industrial characteristics (strength, corrosion resistance), this research has promoted development of large-size Al system materials with mesoscopic crystalline texture by high- strain accumulation control technology, and recovery and recrystallization control technology. In this fiscal year, (1) basic study on high-strain accumulation control technology, (2) study on a formation mechanism of ultra- fine crystal grains, and (3) development of a machining process were made. In (1), basic study on low-temperature rolling and study on rolling by rollers having different peripheral speeds were made. In (2), study on refining of recrystallized grains of 5000-base and 7000-base alloys was made. In (3), a low-temperature rolling equipment, and a ultra-rapid heating device were introduced. For the whole R and D project on super metal, the main research facilities such as a low-temperature rolling body for high- strain accumulation and a high-strain accumulative structure formation equipment (melt rolling equipment) for uniform nucleus formation in recrystallization were introduced to gain a firm foothold for the future application research. (NEDO)

  16. Survey report on the environment harmonizing type energy community survey project for the Izumizawa area in Chitose City; Chitoseshi Izumizawa chiku kankyo chowagata energy community chosa jigyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A large-scale cogeneration system will be introduced into the air-front industrial complex in the Izumizawa area having large energy demand within the city of Chitose well blessed with natural environment. The system will utilize natural gas locally produced in the Tomakomai Yubarai area (the utilization produces 20% reduction effect of carbon dioxide emission even only from conversion from petroleum oil). At the same time, heat supply operation will be carried out meeting the heat demand in diversified consumer applications, such as air conditioning of ancillary facilities, hot water supply, hot bathing facilities, and snow melting. Business feasibility has been investigated and discussed. Discussions were given on gas engine, gas turbine, combined cycle, and steam jetting systems. Although the combined system was found most superior, other cases present no large difference excepting the turbine system. The system is a highly efficient energy saving facility (annually saving 3000 kiloliters of crude oil, worth for annual kerosene consumption by 1500 ordinary households in Hokkaido). It can largely reduce emission of carbon dioxide. Each case has large economic effect with the simply calculated number of years of return of investment being six to eight years. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey of effects of enhancement of energy consumption efficiency on the global environment; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (energy shohi koritsuka chikyu kankyo eikyo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The paper surveyed the state of studying the measures against global warming in the third assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and made analyses of the trends of preventive measures for global warming in other countries, aiming at presenting data for studying the future enhancement of energy consumption efficiency in the Asia Pacific region. In the U.S., a report was taken up from Executive Office of the President which is entitled `the federal government R and D of energy for solution to problems in the 21st century.` The report made analyses of the federal government R and D of energy and at the same time recommended an increase in R and D budget and reinforcement of the organization of the Department of Energy. In Europe, the carbon tax, CO2 tax, energy tax, etc. are introduced or studied for reduction of CO2 emissions. OECD made public a report approved in May 1997 which is entitled `the environmental tax and green tax reform.` Also studied were the introduction and effects of the carbon tax aiming at reducing CO2 emissions in developing countries. More attention is being paid to economic effects predicted in case developed countries reinforce various kinds of measures for targeted reduction of greenhouse gases. 2 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. FY 1990 Report on the results of the research and development project for the industrial base technologies of the next generation. Research and development of nonlinear optoelectronic materials; 1990 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 1990 results of the research and development project for the optoelectronic materials, implemented to cope with the highly information-oriented societies. The FY 1990 is the second year for the phase-I project of the basic plan, and the R and D efforts are directed to elucidation of the mechanisms involved in the nonlinear phenomena, exploration and designs of various materials, and investigations of the technologies for, e.g., the material synthesis and evaluation. The themes to be investigated by the long-term project include exploration and preparation of the superfine particles and base materials for the organic materials; and crystal growth, dispersion of the fine particles and development of the superlattices for development of the materials. The comprehensive investigation and research program investigates the trends of the related technologies, both domestic and foreign. A total of 9 research themes are recommissioned to 9 enterprises. They include organic, low-molecular-weight materials, growth of orientation-controlled crystals, films of high-molecular-weight organic conjugated compounds, glass-dispersed materials (prepared by the vapor-phase, impregnation of porous glass, sol-gel, superlow-melting glass and super-cooling methods), organic dispersed materials, development of the organic superlattices, and development of the three-dimensional superstructures. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 2000 survey report. Research on bone-forming dental material capable of reducing plaque adhesion; 2000 nendo shiko fuchaku boshigata hone keisei shika zairyo ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Research and development efforts are exerted to produce advanced dental materials equipped with such functions as plaque reduction, bactericidal effect, and early formation of hydroxyapatite (HAP). In the study of fluorine ion implantation for plaque reduction, it is found that in a specimen implanted with fluorine ions the adhesion of carius streptococci is reduced to 1/3-1/10 for the achievement of remarkable improvement. In particular, carious streptococcus multiplication is suppressed when the metal shield layer is replaced with a titanium mesh. For the realization of a thin film formation method for osteoblast multiplication through reforming the material surface in the study of bone-forming dental materials, film formation conditions under which a P/Ca rate which is quite near that of ameloblast are achieved by use of a high frequency magnetron sputtering device. A titanium plate coated with a thus-formed film is annealed for a great increase in its wet contact angle, and then adhesion of bacteria is reduced and an osteoblast multiplication rate is increased by 20% or more, as compared with the case of no treatment in a petri dish. (NEDO)

  20. FY 2000 report on research and development of combustion technology utilizing microgravity conditions for fuel diversification; 2000 nendo bisho juryoku kankyo wo riyoshita nenryo tayoka nensho gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    This project is aimed at development of optimum combustion technology with diversified fuels, e.g., naphtha and LCO, for gas turbines and others as power sources for topographical energy supply. The combustion under the microgravity is also investigated using the underground facilities at Japan Microgravity Center. Described herein are the FY 2000 results. For construction of combustion model and simulation, the combustion reactions for various liquid fuels are simplified to calculate ignition delay, adiabatic flame temperature and laminar burning velocity with an error less than about 3%. The microgravity combustion experiments are conducted for spray dispersed into a cylinder, to find flame propagation velocities changing with the vaporization characteristics of liquid fuels, and also to construct the combustion models. The premixed turbulent combustion simulation program is developed using a probability density function and analyzed. Development of new combustion technologies includes the study themes of flame propagation and combustion of the air mixture of the multi-component fuel in which the spray exists, combustion characteristics of the droplets of diversified fuels, and combustion of gas turbines with diversified fuels. A propane/air mixture shows different flame propagation characteristics whether it contains kerosene or LCO droplets. The effects of electrical field intensity in the combustion zone on combustion of fuel droplets are elucidated. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1998 annual report on the study on solidification process of hot, heat-resistant metal melts; 1998 nendo tainetsu kinzoku koon yueki no gyoko katei no kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Described herein are results of the studies on basic aspects of solidification process of hot, heat-resistant metal melts under a microgravity atmosphere, its applicability to industrial purposes, production of new metallic structures by precision casting and supercooling solidification of the heat-resistant, metal alloy parts, and evaluation techniques therefor. In the supercooling solidification of Al, its purity greatly determines the crystal morphology. The single crystal can be produced under a microgravity when it is 99.9% pure. The supercooling solidification under a microgravity can give an Al-Pb alloy structure of uniform dendrite structure both on the surface and inside, free of gravity-caused segregation of Pb. The welding problems caused by Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} present in the Al are solved. The study also clarifies the effects of the microgravity atmosphere in the spot welding by a pulsed YAG laser on, e.g., melting characteristics, welding phenomena and formation of welding defects. The basic knowledge obtained is expected to contribute to, e.g., precision casting and welding of heat-resistant alloys, and creation of new alloys. (NEDO)

  2. Report on achievements in fiscal 1998. Development of foaming eco-material using magazine waste papers. (The first fiscal year); 1998 nendo zasshi koshi wo mochiita happo seikei eko material no kaihatsu seika hokokusho (dai 1 nendo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Such foaming materials as styro-foam, urethane and polyethylene greatly increase load on the environment when discarded, and are a problem as harmful rubbish. On the other hand, magazine waste papers have limitation as regenerated paper because their pulp fibers are cut off and deteriorated during use and regeneration. They are left unused without a prospect of re-use even if recovered. Under such a background, the present research and development is intended to develop magazine waste papers as a reusable cushioning material, commercialize the cushioning material as a low environment load type material, and promote reutilization of magazine waste papers. Specifically, development is performed on a manufacturing technology and a manufacturing equipment for a cushioning material having excellent biodegradation performance manufactured by mixing magazine waste papers with gelatin as a binder, and further by foaming and forming. The research and development items include: (1) development of a manufacturing technology for a foaming eco-material using magazine waste papers, (2) development of manufacturing equipment for the foaming eco-material, and (3) the market research thereon. This paper reports the achievements in the research and development of each item in fiscal 1998. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1998 research report. Development of high- efficiency electrooptic conversion compound semiconductors (21st century light project); 1998 nendo kokoritsu denko henkan kagobutsu handotai kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 21 seiki no akari keikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This research aims at development of efficient lighting sources using high-brightness white LEDs. 4 research programs are as follows: (1) Basic study on emission mechanism and crystal growth, (2) Improvement of epitaxial growth methods for blue and ultraviolet LEDs, (3) Substrates for homoepitaxial growth, and (4) Basic properties of white LED lighting sources. The research results are as follows. The emission mechanism was clarified both in InGaN epitaxial layers and quantum-well structures by means of ultra-fast time-resolved spectroscopy linked with femto-second laser and the dependence of magnetic and electric fields. For reduction of a lattice defect density, an optimum thin-film crystal growth method was developed. As a new growth method of bulk single crystal substrates, a low-pressure vapor-phase growth method using radical nitrogen plasmas was developed to study synthesis of GaN and formation of single-crystal GaN. The prototype LED lighting source was prepared by using the white LEDs of 8 lm/W supplied from this project for basic study on its electric and heat radiation characteristics, and a light-guiding plate system. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1996 on the research and development of micromachine technology. Development of microfactory technology; 1996 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Microfactory gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The goal is to save energy and minimize the working space by constructing a manufacturing system comprising various micromachines with their dimensions fit for parts and products they handle. Development continues relative to microprocessing (electrolysis, and optical processing) and microscopic liquid operation (micropump, and part holding device). Under research in relation to the assembly process are a micro-arm to handle tiny parts and precision techniques for interfitting within a very small microfactory, a piezoelectric actuator for microscopic position adjusting, and ultraprecise microprocessing techniques indispensable for their manufacture. Also under research are the incorporation of optically driven microdevices developed before the preceding fiscal year into a microfactory and the study of microservo actuators capable of sophisticated positioning and velocity control. Concerning the microscopic transport system to deal with microscopic parts and products, studies are under way so as to embody systems driven by actuators of the electromagnetic type and electrostatic type. In this paper, reference is made to inspection techniques and comprehensive investigations. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1998 annual report on the improvement of toughness of silicide-based intermetallic compounds by controlling their composite structures; 1998 nendo fukugo soshikika ni yoru shirisaidokei kinzokukan kagobutsu no kyojinsei kaizen chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Intermetallic compounds, although attracting much attention as most promising materials serviceable at superhigh temperature, are very fragile at normal temperature, which is one of their major disadvantages. Structures of these compounds prepared by the melting method are controlled to improve their toughness by, e.g., changing phase ratio of the initial crystal for the Mo-Si-Nb system to prevent cracking during the melting and casting stages, addition of a third element (e.g., Zr, Ti or Hf) or a mixed component of Nb and Zr to control the structure of Mo{sub 5}Si{sub 3} considered to be a cause for the cracking, and controlling melting and solidification rates for the FZ melting method. The three-phase microstructures with added Hf or Zr show improved toughness, but need additional procedures for controlling solidification and cooling conditions. For the powder method, the MA conditions are investigated with a two-element system, and the effects of Al or Zr as the third element added to the base composition on the composite microstructures and constituent phases are also investigated. Unlike the melting method, the powder method causes no cracking problems during the stock preparation stage and hence is expected to be applicable to production of larger stocks. However, the products by this method are found to be insufficient both in toughness and high-temperature strength. It is necessary to develop methods for cutting down and controlling oxides in the grain boundaries, in order to prevent deterioration of their strength at high temperature. (NEDO)

  6. Report on fiscal 2000 geothermal development promotion survey. No. C-5 Appi district environmental impact survey (1st phase); 2000 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa hokokusho - No.C-5. 1. Appi chiiki kankyo eikyo chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-08-01

    For the survey of weather in the Appi district, Iwate Prefecture, observation data covering the last decade were collected at weather stations and the like, and characteristics of weather, climate, and natural earthquakes were learned. In the survey of fluctuation in the spa water level, studies were made about fluctuation in water temperature, spring water, and river water, and basic data were collected for the examination of the impact to be generated by geothermal exploration well boring and short-term discharge tests. In the survey of animal and vegetables, the habitation and distribution of animals and vegetables at sites planned for geothermal well boring were investigated, and data were collected for the evaluation of the impact to be imposed on them by well boring or the like. In the survey dealing with nature conservation and landscape, laws and regulations governing nature conservation were collected and put in an easy-to-use order, and seasonal changes in the natural landscape were photographed and recorded. In the survey of noise/vibration and ground fluctuation, the background values were measured prior to the implementation of geothermal well boring, discharge tests, and so forth. (NEDO)

  7. FY 1999 report on the results of the survey of the utilization of knowledge management technology to NEDO's information system infrastructure; 1999 nendo NEDO knowledge management kankyo no kochiku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of exercising the integrated management of various kinds of information produced by NEDO as intellectual assets and of making a plan, evaluation, spread/promotion, etc. of effective/efficient research and development, survey was conducted. As a result of the survey, the following were pointed out: The circulation and reutilization of electronic information are not promoted and the productivity is low because there is not much cooperation between the electronic information (documents) and the application conducting the making/distribution/keeping of the information under the present circumstances; PDF of NEDO's achievement reports costs a lot because there is no cooperation between internal documents and WWW documents. As the future course, the following were indicated: adoption of the Internet standard technology to the application handling the electronic information for compatibility; introduction of the application to make/manage WWW contents, groupware, intranet, etc. for integration of end user application; making each phase of formation/distribution/keeping of the electronic information compatible including the format study of NEDO's achievement reports. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1997 report on the survey of biological CO2 fixation using arid land and oligotrophic waters; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (kansochi, hin`eiyo kaiiki wo riyoshita seibutsuteki CO2 kotei ni kansuru chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This survey is aimed to investigate various measures to be taken for biological CO2 fixation, to synthetically study feasibilities of the measures from various aspects of CO2 fixation mechanism, scale, speed, and environmental effects and technical problems in case of introducing those, and to assess the measures quantitatively. In this fiscal year, a study was proceeded with of possibilities of carbon fixation by afforestation and that by fertilization into ocean. The paper defined significance of afforestation in arid land, and especially advantages in conducting researches in West Australia. Relationships were examined among afforestation, precipitation and topography. The result of the survey was described of water- and salt-transfer simulation methods. Studies of arid land were made in terms of photosynthetic speed, transpiration speed, soil characteristics, measuring methods for precipitation and vaporization amount, and the examples. Seven places of Leonora where water source and water quality were examined were selected, and the measuring results were described. The paper summed up the state of utilization of biomass energy obtained from forest and commented on a scenario on tree-planting. Finally, a possibility was stated of the carbon fixation by fermentation into ocean. 178 refs., 121 figs., 53 tabs.

  9. Research report for fiscal 1998 on the basic research on the promotion of joint implementation and so forth. Coalbed methane collection and utilization project in China; 1998 nendo Chugoku ni okeru tanko methane gas kaishu riyo project chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    China is surveyed for promotion of joint implementation, which is one of the flexibility measures in the Kyoto Protocol, the Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change. The project aims to collect methane for global warming suppression and to use it as town gas and for power generation as well. The survey covers the 2 coalfields of Yangquan and Panjiang. The Yangquan coalfield is the largest anthracite yielding base in China, with 6 mines in operation. Power generation centering on a 100MW plant is discussed, and generation fired by a mixture of debris out of the coal preparation facility and gas is compared with another fired by town gas, on the assumption that 130-million m{sup 3} is available under the current circumstances. In the case of the Panjiang coalfield, which is expected to develop into a large coal base in the southern part of China, power generation centering on a 50MW plant fired by a mixture of debris and gas is discussed, on the assumption that 63-million m{sup 3} is collectable from the existing 5 mines. Use of town gas is also studied. When Japan's coalbed methane collection technology is applied, the gas drainage rate will be elevated to 40-35% or higher. It is desired that the use of gas drainage will be further diffused for the prevention of disasters of coal mine gas explosion. It is hoped that the use of environmentally friendly energies will be enhanced. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1988 Report on research and development of super heat pump energy accumulation system. Part 1; 1988 nendo super heat pump energy shuseki system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-11-01

    Summarized in detail herein are the 1988 R and D results of the super high performance compression heat pumps and elementary equipment/media, for R and D of the super heat pump energy accumulation system. For R and D of the heat pumps, the R and D efforts are directed to manufacture, on a trial basis, and installation of the bench plant, and preparation of the basic plan for the pilot system for the highly efficient type (for heating only); to researches on the screw compressor, bench plant operation, heat exchanger, and so on for the highly efficient type (for cooling and heating); to development of the compressor with which a screw type expander is integrated at the low-temperature side, evaporator and so on, test runs of the bench plant, researches on the control methods, and so on for the high temperature type (utilization low temperature heat source); and to manufacture, on a trial basis, of the high-speed reciprocating compressor and steam supercharger, and tests for demonstrating their performance for the high temperature type (utilizing high temperature heat source). For R and D of the elementary equipment and working fluids, the R and D efforts are directed to the evaporator and EHD condenser for the mixed working fluids, heat exchanger, working fluids (alcohol-based and nonalcohol-based), and so on. (NEDO)

  11. Report on result 1998. Research and development on fusion area. Part 3 (biomolecular mechanism and design); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Yugo ryoiki kenkyu kaihatsu daisan bunsatsu (bimolecular mechanism and design)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    An organism is a molecular mechanical system consisting of nucleic acid, peptide and protein having a self-forming and a self-repairing function. For the purpose of creating cells, tissues and molecular mechanism alternating these biological functions, their basic technology was developed. Concretely, studies were made on three-dimensional cellular structural module engineering and biomolecular mechanism and design. Studies on biological soft tissue resulted in success by giving atmospheric glow discharge treatment to the inner surface of a tubular PVC. An artificial vitreous body was created using PVA hydrogels. In addition, liver cells were successfully cultured for the first time in the world. Studies on biological hard tissue revealed that osteopontin plays a role of a trigger for the initial differentiation of the osteoblast cell. Further, a basic experiment was carried out on the initial response of the cartilage cell. In the research on the molecular mechanism, examination was made on the mechanism of a double-head molecular motor. Examination was also made on the adjustment of the hydrogenase LB film as an electricity/hydrogen energy conversion element and on the biomolecular mechanism and design. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1998 research report on the metal thin film formation by UV laser photodecomposition of adsorbed organic metal compounds; Kyuchaku yuki kinzoku kagobutsu no shigai laser ko bunkai ni yoru usumaku sakuseiho ni kansuru kenkyu 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research was made on the new thin film formation method depositing metal or metal compound thin films by excimer laser photodecomposition of organic metal compounds condensed onto substrates at lower temperature. The organic metal compound was condensed onto cooled substrates (glass, semiconductor Si) from gas-phase iron pentacarbonyl below 250K in vacuum. KrF excimer laser was used as UV laser. The thin films with electric conductivity and metallic luster were deposited onto the laser irradiation areas of both substrates below 250K. The thin films were deposited only by proper laser pulse irradiation fluence (energy/unit area), and are composed of iron or its oxide. The deposition rate is estimated to be nearly 0.5nm/s, and precise control of film thicknesses is possible. Formation of pure metal and metal oxide thin films with various film thicknesses and compositions is probably possible by controlling thin film formation conditions. The iron thin film with characteristics of magnetic thin films is applicable to various fields, and is also important as the base for forming alloy films and multi-layered films. (NEDO)

  13. Joint Research. Report on the results of developing commercialization of a technology of process wastes and re-utilize them by using petroleum substituting energy; Kyodo kenkyu. Sekiyu daitai energy riyo haikibutsu shori saishigenka gijutsu jitsuyoka kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A study was conducted on a technology to melt shredder dust and non-combustible wastes directly by using coal, reduce their volume and re-utilize them. The elementary study on a high-temperature melting and treating technology set such targets as optimizing the melting and treating technology in correspondence with properties of materials to be treated, by using a small melting test plant, achieving a volume reduction rate of 1/200, and reducing treatment cost. In order to make innoxious the different kinds of environmental loading materials contained in exhaust gas from a high-temperature gasification and direct melting system, discussions were given on an optimum control condition for the exhaust gas system facilities. Furthermore, physical properties of discharges (slags nd metals) were investigated to discuss material re-utilization. In discussing optimal systems, three kinds of systems including two types utilizing fuels were proposed as high-temperature gasification and melting treatment process from a viewpoint of technology and cost. Respective systems were compared with each other on treatment cost, and their priorities were identified. 56 refs., 50 figs., 55 tabs.

  14. Report on fiscal 1995 project to promote an exchange of researchers on environmental problems in the Asia-Pacific region; 1995 nendo itakujigyo (Asia/Taiheiyo chiiki kankyo mondai kenkyusha koryu sokushin jigyo hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    For the purpose of solving environmental problems caused in association with the increasing industrial activities in the Asia-Pacific region, the construction of a research network is being advanced aiming at promoting exchanges with researchers of other countries and activating information exchanges. Investigators were sent overseas to grasp the present situation, and researchers participated in a symposium on the APEC environmental technology cooperation for mutual understanding and personal interchange. In the overseas survey, visits were paid mainly to national research institutes and universities in India and Thailand. Positive approval was obtained on the construction of the ETERNET APR (Environmental Technology Research Network in the Asia-Pacific Region). In the symposium on the APEC environmental technology cooperation held in Nagoya, researchers participated mostly in the second session and made earnest discussions with researchers from other countries. The necessity and importance of the network was emphasized. Countries which participated the symposium have problems common to each, and it was greatly significant to meet together and discuss together. The environmental problem is on a global scale, and it is necessary to make close exchange/interchange of information/opinion on a long term basis and to tackle it in the whole Asia-Pacific region. 3 tabs.

  15. Joint research achievement report on field test project for photovoltaic power generation of industrial use in fiscal 2000 (3/5); 2000 nendo sangyo tou you taiyokohatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho 3/5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000 on the field tests for photovoltaic power generation of industrial use. This report describes the details of the achievements on the following organizations: Kuwana City in Mie Prefecture; Osaka City in Osaka Prefecture; Takamatsu City in Kagawa Prefecture; Choyo Village in Kumamoto Prefecture; Ichikawa City in Chiba Prefecture: the Alef Corporation (Nishi-Taga Shop); Miyakonojo City in Miyazaki Prefecture; Kameyama City in Mie Prefecture; Ogasawara Village in Tokyo Metropolitan Area; the Nagoya City Traffic Bureau in Aichi Prefecture; Yahaba Township in Iwate Prefecture; Minoo City in Osaka Prefecture; Seki City in Gifu Prefecture; Sapporo City in Hokkaido, Hikari City in Yamaguchi Prefecture; the Saishunkan Pharmaceutical Company; Yasuki City in Aichi Prefecture; Hiroshima City in Hiroshima Prefecture; Hekinan City in Aichi Prefecture; Akishima City in Tokyo Metropolitan Area; Totsu Village in Aomori Prefecture; Toura Township in Aichi Prefecture; the Alef Corporation (Izumimatsu-Mori Shop in Sendai City); the Fujinomi Society, a sodial welfare juristic person; Takeya Corporation; the Kurume University of Industry; a school juristic person; the Maesawa Bag Making Industry; the Hankyu Railways; the High Sheet Industry; and the Yamagata Government. (NEDO)

  16. FY1998 research report on the R and D on high- temperature CO{sub 2} separation, recovery and recycling technologies; 1998 nendo nisanka tanso koon bunri kaishu sairiyo gijutsu kekyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project aims to develop high-temperature (over 300 degrees C) CO{sub 2} separation, recovery and recycling technologies. For separation membranes, control technology of micro-pore structure using templates, and that of a permeation gas affinity by metal ion exchange and metallic element addition to separation membrane textures were developed. The result gave the guide to control, design and evaluation of permeation and separation properties. The prototype module was prepared, and improvement of joining technology and evaluation of material fatigue property were also carried out. As for optimization of the developed system and research on its marketability, study was mainly made on the ripple effect of inorganic membranes. The current state and trend of technologies were studied also for power plants. In the concept design of the module, further study was made on high-temperature sealing technology and inorganic membrane technology for H{sub 2} gas separation. Use of CO{sub 2} gas separation technology for steelmaking process was newly studied. The ripple effect was studied for future important fields. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1997 report on the study on the formation condition of hetero-structure of single-crystalline semiconductor thin films; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (tankessho no handotai usumaku hetero kozo no keisei joken ni kansuru kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Since ion implantation causes material degradation by formation of crystalline defects, and hydrogen embrittlement deteriorates material strength, reduction of such defects has been positively studied. Study was made on a new active application of hydrogen separation into ion implantation defects. After H ion implantation of a proper depth into single-crystalline Si and SiC and successive annealing, single-crystalline films of sub-micron to several micron thick were obtained by hydrogen-induced delamination at the implantation depth due to hydrogen embrittlement in crystalline defects. The implantation depth is dependent on implantation energy. H atom forms (111) face defect through connection with dangling bond of crystalline defects. This crystal face defect forms a delamination plane through (100) face cleavage. This hydrogen embrittlement delamination by ion implantation is applicable to production of light-weight high-efficiency single-crystalline Si solar cells, and large single-crystalline SiC wafers as new resource saving process. 33 refs., 19 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Report on research results of the development of high efficient boilers in fiscal 1996. Research development of high efficient industrial furnaces, etc; Koseino boiler no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Out of the developments of high efficient boilers which have been continued since fiscal 1993, the paper reported the result of the development conducted in fiscal 1996. The oxygen combustion (the oxygen enrichment combustion including 100% oxygen combustion) decreases the amount of flue gas and reduces heat loss of the flue gas, and is also effective as NOx reduction measures. The experiment was conducted using testing furnace. The boiler efficiency rapidly increased with the increasing concentration of oxygen enrichment. In the pure oxygen combustion, the overall boiler efficiency of a 106% level (low heating value standard) is expected. Since the boiler wet flue gas is decreased, the NOx emission is reduced. The boiler can raise the combustion temperature with no fear of NOx and can be reduced in size. CO2 decreases in proportion to the energy saving effect. The development of a condensation flue gas heat exchanger is aimed at recovering heat down to the low temperature. Prediction of heat transfer in the steam condensation region becomes possible, and the size reduction can be expected. Dew point corrosion resistant materials were also selected. As to the high speed combustion control, a simple type using micro-processor was developed. Obtained were high speed, compactness, electric power saving, and high controllability. 14 refs., 306 figs., 88 tabs.

  19. Research report of fiscal 1997. Joint research project on petroleum substituting energy between Japan and the EU; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Nichi EU sekiyu daitai energy kanren kyodo kenkyu jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Four researchers were invited from EU countries to promote R & D of petroleum substituting energy in Japan, and the joint research was made in institutes of Agency of Industrial Science and Technology related to each theme for 50 days. On the research on deep geothermal prospecting based on volcanic halocarbon group, it was showed that halocarbon discharged from volcanic or hydrothermal system is an important window to survey activities within the earth. On the research on catalyst for hydrogenation of coal-derived liquid, XPS data was reported, and some preliminary conclusions were obtained. On the research on oxide system anode material for Li secondary cells, a method for improving the state of host to ion moving in 1-D to 3-D networks by diffraction method was showed. In particular, the method was effective to offer electronically sensitive environment to moving ion system. On the research on hydro-dechlorination of hydrocarbon halide, the theme related to environmental measures against waste hydrocarbon halide (depletion of the ozone layer) was studied. 83 refs., 32 figs., 20 tabs.

  20. FY 1997 report on the survey of potential impacts of enlarging ASEAN on political and economic systems in South East Asia; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (ASEAN kakudai no Higashi Asia no seiji keizai chitsujo eno eikyo chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This report surveys potential impacts of ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) on inter-ASEAN affairs and its external relations when ASEAN will enlarge its members to include all nations in South East Asia, and thus fully represent the region. For this purpose, the survey was conducted on Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia, which joined in 1995, from the viewpoint of their economic and political system, and their relations with other member countries. The nature of ASEAN has gradually transformed, in which all the countries in the region have increased and internal economic issues have been tackled. It has an aim to stimulate inter-ASEAN trade and induce foreign direct investment into ASEAN as a whole by reducing import duties on intra-ASEAN trade. Underlying in these, new development is a concern about growing economic and military power of China. ASEAN solidarity will work an leverage against China should change toward worse, and ASEAN will function as a regional stabilization factor. ASEAN is needed for the stability of both in economic and political order in East Asia. Japan has to further promote its cooperation with ASEAN to help its solidarity as an association. 24 refs., 21 figs., 25 tabs.

  1. Fiscal 1998 research report. Study on the feasibility of microorganism biotechnology for effective use of environmental pollutants. Pt. 2; 1998 nendochosa hokokusho. Kankyo osen busshitsu no shigenka no tame no biseibutsu bio technology riyo kanosei ni kansuru chosa. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Study was made on the feasibility of microorganism biotechnology for effective use of environmental pollutants and unused resources. Microorganisms and microorganism enzymes for decomposing lignocellulose were viewed, and uses of hydrolysis products were summarized. Production of microorganisms applicable to fodder, composting, and production of energy sources (methane, hydrogen, ethanol) were studied. Use of vegetable fiber residues such as beer lees as fungus cultivation medium and conversion to valuable substances were also studied. Microorganisms treatment (MT) of wastes in fats and oils industry was summarized. Effective use of MT of protein waste from marine products was studied. MT of manures with the greatest impact on environment as livestock waste was summarized. The necessity of separate collection of domestic wastes, and composting and methane fermentation of kitchen garbage were reported. The feasibility of MT of plastic wastes, and decomposition of halogenated methane with high toxicity were also studied. (NEDO)

  2. 1998 Annual Study Report. Standardization of corrosion resistance testing/evaluation methods for coated steel sheets; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Hyomen shori koban no taishokusei shiken hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to develop the evaluation methods for reappearing corrosion characteristics of coated steel sheets in a short time, acid rain composition and artificial acid rain composition for the accelerated test were studied, and the cyclic corrosion tests were conducted. The literature survey shows that the main ionic species present in acid rain are Ca{sup 2+}, Mg{sup 2+}, Na{sup +}, K{sup +}, NH{sub 4}{sup +}, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, and Cl{sup -}, of which the acid rain components are SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} and NO{sub 3}{sup -}, their equivalent ratio (NO{sub 3}{sup -}/ SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}) in the Far Eastern area being 0.2 to 0.3. Therefore, the solution specified by ASTM 1141 is diluted 30 times with water to prepare the base solution for the accelerated tests, where its acidity is adjusted with a mixed acid of NO{sub 3}{sup -}/ SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} = 0.2 to 0.3 (pH: 3.0 to 4.0). Two sets of preliminary cyclic corrosion tests were conducted, one involving acid rain spraying, drying and humidification in this order, and the other acid rain spraying, humidification and drying. Analysis of the test data indicates that difference between these test cycles in corrosion rate is within a deviation range caused by different testing tools. Therefore, the former condition is adopted as the basis for the accelerated tests, because of its smaller deviation caused by different testing tools. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D of high efficiency clean energy vehicles; 2000 nendo choteisonshitsu denryoku soshi gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kiban gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Using the petroleum substituting clean energy, the R and D were conducted with the aim of developing vehicles which reduce the consumption of travel energy to 1/2 and the CO2 emission to 1/2 or below of those of existing vehicles. The FY 1999 results were summed up. As to the R and D of the hybrid power system, carried out were the prediction of fuel consumption performance by numerical simulation, evaluation of performance of new hybrid electric vehicles, etc. Concerning the R and D of high efficiency clean energy vehicles, the R and D of the following were reported from each of the makers: hybrid passenger car loaded with methanol fuel cells, hybrid passenger car loaded with ANG engine, hybrid truck loaded with CNG ceramic engine, hybrid truck loaded with CNG engine, hybrid bus loaded with LNG engine, and hybrid bus loaded with DME engine. Further, in the survey of synthetic fuels, the paper reported on the results of the evaluation of synthetic light oil engines and evaluation of characteristics of synthetic light oil. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on joint research business (2/2). Photovoltaic power generation field test for public facilities; 1998 nendo kokyo shisetsu nadoyo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo (2/2). Kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    Photovoltaic power generation systems are experimentally installed at public facilities at various locations, and subjected to field tests in which they experience long-term operation under real loads. Mie Prefectural Iidaka Senior/Junior High School has a 10kW solar cell system installed on the south-side roof of the school house. The system is linked to an in-house transformation station and the power generated by the system is supplied to the lighting and air-conditioning facilities in the building, and surplus if any is transmitted to the Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., system. A field test is being conducted to determine if there are usability and safety in the 10kW system. A number of like systems are undergoing field tests, installed at a comprehensive technological training center of Kyushu Electric Power Safety Association, Kongo Gakuen Senior High School, Sakata Nursery School, Taiyo Daiichi Nursery School, Minami Kindergarten, Neyagawa Ishizu Old People's Home, Co-Op Living Konan, Factory Hishimeki, Tochigi Fuji Industries, Gamo-cho Hirabayashi Public Hall, Fukuoka Prefectural Culture Complex, Yatsusugi Forest Schooling Center, Osaka Prefectural Murano Water Purification Plant, Yamanashi Institute of Environmental Sciences, Utatsu-cho Town Office, Ginga Gakuen Junior High School, etc. (NEDO)

  5. Fiscal 2000 report on investigation. Investigation of demonstrative test for harmonizing system interconnection (demonstrative test by simulation); 2000 nendo keito renkei enkatsuka jissho shiken chosa hokokusho. Simulation ni yoru jissho shiken

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With the purpose of promoting the spread of dispersed power generating facilities, study was conducted on technical problems concerning system interconnection of dispersed generating facilities using a simulation, with fiscal 2000 results compiled. In the validity verification of an active type islanding detection equipment in a low voltage system interconnection, the simulations were made for the duration of ten seconds after the start of the islanding, with the detection time examined. In the case of the interconnection with a single unit, islanding was generally detected within ten seconds of the simulation time; in the case of the interconnection with multiple units, however, a trend was observed in which a frequency shift method was liable to receive interference from other methods. In the validity verification of the active type islanding detection equipment in a high voltage system interconnection, islanding was detected within ten seconds in the case of the single unit interconnection; in the case of the two unit interconnection, however, it revealed difficult conditions for islanding detection in the event of interconnection with a large capacity synchronous generator and in the presence of interference of variable signals. Additionally, examination was made on such subjects as countermeasures against high/low voltage short-circuit accident in low voltage systems and limitation in introducing photovoltaic power generation on account of rise in voltage of a system line. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 2000 survey of geological structures overseas. Exchange of engineers with Vietnam (Coal mining technology); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) Vietnam

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A coal mining engineer exchange project was implemented by Japan and Vietnam for improving on coal mining engineers' production and management technologies in the Asia-Pacific region. Six engineers were dispatched to Hon Cam Training School for mine workers, Hon Gai, where they taught in the period November 12 through December 2, 2000. There were 18 trainees, to whom lectures were given on 16 subjects including the steep slope mining method, excavation technology, transportation technology, ventilation control technology, production control technology, quality control technology, cost and material control, risk control, and centralized monitoring technology. Discussion was also held on the subjects. Ten trainees were invited and received mainly by Taiheiyo Coal Mining Corporation for the period August 24 through September 9, 2000, where they were given lectures and underwent training in the mine. The trainees also visited Isoko Power Station, Coal Research Institute of Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., and Kushiro Plant of Nippon Paper Industries Co., Ltd. (NEDO)

  7. FY 2000 report on the promotion projects by Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth. Study on possibility of research exchanges; 2000 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu kaihatsu suishin jigyo seika hokokusho. Kenkyu koryu kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Described herein are the results of the study on possibility of research exchanges, conducted by Research Institute of Innovative Technology for the Earth (RITE) in FY 2000. For development of thin-film catalysts, HTE, a venture developing combinatorial chemistry application to catalysts, is a potential partner for the exchanges. One of the technical problems involved in underground sequestration of CO2 relates to evaluation of the reactions between CO2 injected under pressure and the surrounding rocks. It is a less site-specific theme, and preferably pursued through international networks. The RITE delegates have visited the British Geological Survey, Canada's Alberta Research Council, and US's Pennsylvania State University, Rice University and Chevron Petroleum, finding research exchange possibilities in all of these organizations for broad technical themes related to underground sequestration of CO2. For energy conversion technologies using biomass resources as the source materials, the potential partners for the research exchanges include Swedish Royal Institute of Technology, Belgium's Catholic University of Louvain and Spain's University of Zaragona which leads researches in production of gases from wastes and biomass. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 2000 survey of geological structures overseas. Exchange of engineers with Indonesia (Coal mining technology); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Indonesia rich in coal resources consumed 70-million tons of coal in 1999, which covered 17% of its total energy demand. It is estimated that as much as 120-million tons will be produced in 2005, and it is expected that underground mining will increase. Under such circumstances, Indonesia strongly desires that Japan's underground mining technologies be transferred to Indonesia. For the transfer of technologies especially involving production control and management out of Japan's underground mining technologies, Japan dispatched engineers to Indonesia under a mining engineer exchange project, and received and trained Indonesian engineers. Under the engineer exchange project, five engineers were dispatched to Indonesia and gave lectures and on-site training in the period July 9 through August 5, 2000. Japan received seven engineers, who were given lectures and training at the Ikeshima mining field of Matsushima Coal Mining Company in the period November 12 through December 12, 2000. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 2000 report on research exchange/technical guidance project, international research exchange project, and invitation program for overseas researchers; 2000 nendo kenkyu koryu gijutsu shido jigyo / kokusai kenkyu koryu jigyo kaigai kenkyusha shohei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    With the purpose of promoting research exchanges with developing countries concerning preservation of the global environment, ICETT (International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer) invited two researchers from Center of Environmental Protection and Chemical Safety, Institute of Industrial Chemistry, Ministry of Industry, Vietnam. The period was from September 19 to December 17, 2000, and the subject was a basic research on environmentally friendly wastewater treatment technology utilizing bacteria in soils. In an experimental system, five reaction layers made of vinyl chloride tubes having a diameter of 16 cm and a height of 50 cm are serially connected, with a suitable filler used for each as a tank for precipitation of heavy metals and treatment of BOD, for anaerobic denitrification, for decomposition of aerobic COD, BOD, etc., for phosphorus treatment, and for bleaching (deodorizing), and with domestic wastewater treated through contact filtration. In spite of a limited period, from the obtained experimental results, the quality of water after the treatment was Class B or higher in the Japanese environmental standards for rivers, lakes and coastal waters, showing high practicability of this system. Further, some pieces of consideration were given additionally to the application in Vietnam. (NEDO)

  10. FY 1999 project report on the invitation program for developing countries. International researcher exchange project - Researcher exchange/technical guidance project; 1999 nendo kenkyu koryu gijutsu shido jigyo / kokusai kenkyu koryu jigyo kaigai kenkyusha shohei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the promotion of research exchanges on global environmental preservation with developing countries, Ms. Malee Santikunaporn, lecturer of Faculty of Engineering, Thammasat University, Bankok, Thailand was invited. Desulfurization/denitrification facilities, which are being widely spread in developed countries, have marked effects, but high prices are an obstacle to the spread in developing countries. To make them spread in developing countries, it is needed to develop the technology which is low in price and meets the actual state in developing countries. As a technology with high viability, a system to simultaneously remove SOx and NOx was cited in which Cu is used as catalyst and adsorbent and into which the catalyst regeneration process is integrated. Considering it, technical exchanges on Cu-SiO{sub 2} catalyst as the basic theme were made during September 26 - December 23, 1999. Through visits on and exchanges with Tokyo Institute of Technology, ICEET, University of Kyoto, etc., understanding was deepened about how each country is tackling environmental problems. The theme 'Oxidative sorption of SO2 by Cu-SiO{sub 2} catalyst: characteristics of catalyst' could deepen knowledge/information of the developmental research as a system for simultaneous removal of SOx/NOx. The data obtained indicated great practicality of Cu-SiO{sub 2}. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 2000 survey report on overseas geological structure, etc. Project for exchanging experts - Quality control (China); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo to chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo - Hinshitsu kanri bunya (Chugoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the stabilization of coal supply/demand in the APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference) region and for the stable supply of coal to Japan, Japanese engineers and experts were dispatched to China for training Chinese specialists there, and Chinese specialists were invited to Japan for training here. Japanese instructors on dispatch gave lectures and training to technicians belonging to a coal cleaning plant in Henan Province, during the period of August 20 through September 1, 2000, concerning quality control at the site of production, quality control at the coal cleaning plant, quality control as demanded by coal users, and so forth. The trainees invited to Japan received lectures on coal quality control as viewed from the coal users' standpoint, quality control at power plants, and so forth, during the period September 5-27, 2000, at JCOAL (Japan Coal Energy Center), Idemitsu Kosan Co., Ltd., and Electric Power Development Co. Training was provided on technologies of coal mining, coal washing, quality control, mine pollution prevention, hydraulic filling, management and control, and so forth, at Pacific Colliery and Matsushima Coal Mining Co., Ltd. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 2000 survey report on overseas geological structure, etc. Project for exchanging experts - Exploration technology (Indonesia); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo to chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo - Tansa gijutsu bunya (Indonesia)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    For the stabilization of coal supply/demand in the APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Conference) region and for the stable supply of coal to Japan, Japanese engineers and experts were dispatched to Indonesia, where coal production was remarkably increasing and efforts were being actively exerted to develop new coal mining fields, for training Indonesian specialists there, and Indonesian specialists were invited to Japan for training here. Japanese instructors on dispatch delivered lectures on coal geology, exploration, and exploitation at the human resource development center of Bandung City during the period July 20 through August 4, 2000, which was followed by a coal outcrop survey training session in the field. The trainees were from Kalimantan, Sumatra, Java, etc., and numbered 30. The trainees invited to Japan received lectures and training related to coal geology, exploration, and mining programs during the period October 19 through November 18, 2000, at the Geological Survey of Japan, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, Ministry of International Trade and Industry; Matsushima Coal Mining Co., Ltd.; Enzan Plant, Tone Corporation; DIA Consultants Co., Ltd.; and Mitsubishi Materials Corporation. (NEDO)

  13. Fiscal 2000 survey of geological structures overseas. Exchange of engineers with China (Coal mining technology); 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. Gijutsusha koryu jigyo (tanko gijutsu bun'ya) kenshu Chugoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    A coal mining engineer exchange project was implemented by Japan and China for improving on coal mining engineers' production and management technologies in the Asia-Pacific region. Six engineers were dispatched to the jurisdiction of Kailuan Co., Ltd., Tangshan City, who stayed there in the period November 12 through December 2, 2000. The six engineers gave lectures and training on the coal situation in the world, coal mining technology, degassing technology, production control technology, safety management technology, management technology, and the like. Ten trainees were received, who were given lectures and training at Taiheiyo Coal Mining Corporation, Kushiro City, in the period November 12 through December 2, 2000. Coal mining technologies that were taught involved drift excavation, rock-bed excavation, rock bolting, and transportation. Production control technologies that were taught involved production control, equipment management, technology development, quality control, risk control, and management technologies. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 1997 report on the cooperative research on the preservation and sustainable utilization of biological diversification; Seibutsu tayosei hozen to jizokuteki riyo nado ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku (1997 nendo hokokusho)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Cooperative researches were conducted between Japan and Thailand, Indonesia and Malaysia for the purpose of the technology development to make developing countries themselves preserve bioresources existing in tropical forests and use those sustainably. The research subjects for Thailand are a strategical study on eating of the primates, improvement of a microorganism culture collection system, preservation of biological diversification using an artificial ecosystem, bioresource utilization, etc. The subjects for Indonesia are a study of a microorganism culture collection system, study of plant preservation technology, study of microorganism utilization technology, study of plant utilization technology, promotion of the founding of the Indonesia tropical bioresource information center, etc. The subjects for Malaysia are biological diversification database and gene bank, assessment/monitoring of the ocean ecosystem, assessment and inventory of the ecosystem using hi-tech technology, search/separation of bioactive substances originated from microorganism/plant, etc. 26 refs., 24 figs., 81 tabs.

  15. Leading survey and research report for fiscal 1999. Survey and research on advanced design technology for electronic system; 1999 nendo electronics kiki sekkeiryoku kyoka gijutsu no chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The efforts center on techniques for optimizing the designing process of the system-on-chip (SoC) which assumes the most important part in the technology involved. An SoC is a system in which most of the system-constituting functions are integrated on a single chip, whose design is growing increasingly difficult to prepare because its circuitry containing complicated functions is growing larger in scale at an annual rate of 58%. Its elements are growing microstructural at a sharp pace, and a very optimum designing technique is required to deal with the development. Under the circumstances, the numbers of engineers and man-hours required to cope with the situation are increasing exponentially. The improvement of design productivity at the present time stays at a low annual rate of 21%. Surveyed are the background, objective, and necessity of the research and development of technologies for the whole designing process consisting of the function designing stage which is of the highest level, the logical circuit designing stage, and the manufacturing process designing stage. Furthermore, the current status, research, and development of related technologies and the status of related patents in Japan and overseas are surveyed. Studies are also conducted about the goals of technologies to be developed and about breakthrough points before achieving the goals, and a development project is assumed and proposed. (NEDO)

  16. FY 1992 Report on the results of the research and development project for the industrial base technologies of the next generation. Research and development of nonlinear optoelectronic materials; 1992 nendo hisenkei hikari denshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 1992 results of the research and development project for the optoelectronic materials. The FY 1992 is the last year for the phase-I project of the basic plan, and the results are evaluated mainly viewed from extent of attainment of the interim targets. For the organic materials, the highly unique chiral nonlinear compounds are further developed, and direction for the investigations of the conjugated low-molecular-weight compounds is established. The excellent high-molecular-weight films are developed. For the dispersed materials, those developed include CuCl-dispersed glass, CdTe laminated glass developed by the laser evaporation method, glass dispersed with semiconductors at high concentrations, and dispersed materials with high-molecular-weight materials as the matrices. For the material development, those technologies investigated are orientation controlling of the crystals for thin organic films, and development of superlattices. A total of 9 research themes are recommissioned to 9 enterprises. They include organic, low-molecular-weight materials, growth of orientation-controlled crystals, films of high-molecular-weight organic conjugated compounds, glass-dispersed materials (prepared by the vapor-phase, impregnation of porous glass, sol-gel, superlow-melting glass and super-cooling methods), organic dispersed materials, development of the organic superlattices, and development of the three-dimensional superstructures. (NEDO)

  17. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on joint research business (1/2). Photovoltaic power generation field test for industrial purposes; 1998 nendo sangyo nadoyo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo (1/2). Kyodo kenkyu gyomu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-07-01

    For the promotion of the effective utilization of sunshine energy, photovoltaic power generation systems are installed on the roofs of facilities at various locations, and are subjected to long-term operational tests under real loads, and data are collected. Installed on the roof of Saisho-En, an incorporated welfare institution, is a 100kW standardization promotion type photovoltaic power generation system in which ten 10kW standard units are combined. The power generated is consumed for in-house illumination and air-conditioning, and the surplus if any is sold. Similar systems are undergoing field tests, installed at various sites such as Maruto Corporation, SAGA SANYO Industries Co., Ltd., Koyama Neurosurgery and Internal Medicine Hospital, Tsuchiura Urara Building, Osaka Alloy Works, Suntory Takasago Brewery, Katoolec West Company, Kyoto Precision Industries, Old People's Home Izumi for those requiring special care, Incorporated Medical Institution Keisei-Kai, Incorporated Social and Medical Institution Izumi-no-Kai, Akishimadai Kindergarten, Kiyosato Seminar House of Meiji University, and Kitakaminaka-gun Industrial Water Filtration Plant of Iwate Prefectural Business Bureau, etc. (NEDO)

  18. Survey report for fiscal 1998. Evaluation by industrial circles of the COP3 outcome and their future response (America); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. COP3 no kekka ni taisuru sangyokai no hyoka oyobi kongo no taio ni tsuite (Beikoku)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Response in America to COP3 (Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) is investigated. Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE) of America's Department of Energy conducts activities designed to protect environments and supports America's economic competitiveness. The scope of EE activities is quite wide, covering efforts at energy efficiency improvement and renewal energy utilization for all energy consuming sectors involving construction work and equipment for buildings, various industries and public utility works, and transportation. EE also supports and promotes the development of advanced industrial materials, electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles, fuel cells, etc. In the field of renewable energy, it deals with the exploitation of sunlight, biomass, wind force, water power, geothermal energy, etc. It also supports efficiency improvement efforts being undertaken through studies of advanced power transmission and distribution, high-temperature superconduction, energy storage, etc. The said supports are provided not only by Federal Government but also by state governments, and include financial aids. A number of programs are under way, worked out and promoted by the respective bureaus and departments. They are evaluated, protected, and implemented through the partnership of official and civilian organizations. (NEDO)

  19. Achievement report on research and development in the Sunshine Project in fiscal 1977. Surveys and studies on patents and information (Surveys on patent information); 1977 nendo tokkyo joho chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho. Tokkyo joho chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1978-03-01

    This paper describes achievements in fiscal 1977 of patent information surveys on hydrogen technologies. Japan is most enthusiastic in developing the thermo-chemical hydrogen manufacturing method. While no noticeable patents were found on the electrolytic method, researches on membranes and electrodes are expected. With regard safety assurance, it is necessary to establish safety assuring technologies suitable for each stage of hydrogen manufacture according the flow of manufacturing, liquefaction, storage, transportation and utilization of hydrogen. Development of mechanisms to prevent hydrogen embrittlement and destruction (leakage) is especially demanded. Enhancement of economic performance and reliability of hydrogen fuel cells requires research and development in the whole fuel cell configuration and also in the fields of auxiliary devices, in addition to that for catalysts and electrodes. Few patents are applied for in solid electrolyte and molten salt fuel cells. The most noticeable problems in hydrogen combustion devices are prevention of reverse ignition, safety measures for colorless flame, and positive utilization of hydrogen combustion characteristics in mixed combustion. Inventions tackling squarely with these problems can hardly be found. It was difficult to discover contributive and effective technologies because the hydrogen combustion characteristics are widely different from those of other fuels. (NEDO)

  20. FY 1999 report on the results of the development of technology of super metal. Development of nano/amorphous structure control materials; 1999 nendo super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Nano amorphous kozo seigyo gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    For the purpose of reducing the amount of energy consumption of transportation equipment such as automobiles, the development is made of innovative metal materials enabling the weight reduction of members relatively on the basis of simple chemical components and by making more substantial improvement of characteristics such as strength and toughness than in the existing metals. For it, the following R and D are conducted in which nano crystal structure and non-equilibrium phase structure such as amorphous are controlled to the limits: 1) particle micro-dispersion technology; 2) high speed super plastic formation technology; 3) high density energy utilization control technology; 4) control cooling technology. In 1), study was made of alloy components and effects of the creation process which are needed for achievement of the nano level of crystal grain. In 2), conditions of vapor deposition and production in high speed particle deposition method are optimally selected, and amorphous and nano crystal structures can easily be produced. In 3), high corrosion-resistant amorphous alloy bulk materials with 5mm thickness and 10mm diameter were successfully trially manufactured. In 4), a bulk amorphous specimen with 10mm outer diameter, 6mm inner diameter and 1mm thickness which was fabricated in the forging method indicated favorable magnetic properties. A method to make a specimen which is more stable is being studied. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1994 Report on the technical results. Research and development of micromachine technologies (Development of highly functional maintenance technologies for power plants); 1994 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Hatsuden shisetsuyo kokino maintenance gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    This research and development project is aimed at development of the technologies for the micromachines provided with maintenance functions, e.g., for examination and maintenance of abnormal conditions in heat exchangers, piping systems or the like. The initial target is set at establishment of basic technologies for the micromachines, in consideration of the available technologies. The R and D activities are directed to (1) microcapsules for, e.g., micro power generators, (2) mother machines having controlling and instructing functions, (3) non-cabled examination modules, (4) cabled examination modules, and (5) total systems. The item (1) involves the micro power generators, and mechanisms of signal transmission, flaw finding and driving/suspension; the item (2) mechanisms of micro-optics and connection, group controlling, microbatteries, action type controlling, and artificial muscles; the item (3) expansion/contraction type transfer mechanisms, light energy supply, micro visual sensation, function connection, and concerted controlling; the item (4) tubular manipulators, and mechanisms of light-aided power generation and voltage elevation; and the item (5) maintenance and micromachine systems. (NEDO)

  2. FY 1999 report on the results of the research on verification systems for the resource recycling of waste fiber reinforced plastics; 1999 nendo haikyoka plastic seihin saishigenka jissho system kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Verification test study was made with the aim of recycling waste fiber reinforced plastics (FRP) as raw material and fuel of cement. As to the trial manufacture of a crushing plant, installed was a demonstrative plant with a target of processing capacity of 20t/d or more, where waste FRP and waste olefin base plastic are mixed/crushed in a single system. As raw material to be thrown, approximately 400t was collected, and metal, urethane heat insulating materials, etc. were removed in pretreatment. In the study of the combustion calorific value adjusting technology, it was found out that the quantitative supply accuracy of the primary crushed FRP is largely affected by the shape, bulk density, etc. of the primary crushed FRP and olefin. As a result of the continued test operation of the demonstrative plant, it was indicated that the processing capacity of plant was 20t/d or more. Further, the cement raw material obtained has a quality of 5,000 kcal/kg or more in calorific value and of 500 ppm or below in chlorine amount. It was found that the material was used in cement plant without any problems. (NEDO)

  3. FY 1998 report on the results of R and D projects by local consortiums for immediate effects. Development of woody ceramics and application to building parts; 1998 nendo woody ceramics no sosei to kenchiku buzai nado eno oyo seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The R and D project has been implemented for developing materials for, e.g., light, highly heat-insulating and energy-saving type building parts (e.g., roofing tiles and tiles), and light tableware having warmness of wood. The stock materials for china and porcelain, roofing tile clay, tiles and cement are dispersed with hollow microcapsules as the filler, which are of glassy balloons thermally treated to be highly functional, in order to develop superlight, highly heat insulating and high-strength materials. For development of the woody ceramic materials, the microcapsules are investigated for size, thickness, thermal shrinkage, fusibility, compressive stress, reinforcing mechanisms, and monodispersibility. Also investigated are optimization of material formability, development of commercial ceramics and evaluation of their marketability, decoration techniques, antimicrobial membrane materials and their immobilization techniques, development of antimicrobial ceramic tiles, evaluation of the antimicrobial membranes, evaluation of resistance to microwaves, and so on. The efforts are also directed to researches on fundamental techniques for woody tile clay, and R and D of the application techniques and products of the woody cement. (NEDO)

  4. FY 2000 report on the survey of the freon recovery/treatment technology for construction use heat insulating materials; 2000 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kenchiku yo dannetsuzai furon kaishu shori gijutsu chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    An investigational study was made of the quantity of the specified freon remaining in the construction use heat insulating material, the rational method for the recovery/treatment, etc. As to the standardization of the method to analyze the remaining freon quantity, the tube furnace - GC method and the MS method were proposed, and the basic items that can be developed to JIS (Japanese Industrial Standard) were standardized. In the estimation of the remaining freon quantity, the actual state of the use of heat insulating materials was surveyed from the statistics on the start of construction work, survey of the heat insulating area in actual buildings and listening to heat insulation workers/cold store construction companies, etc. Further, the remaining quantity was analyzed of samples collected from various buildings nationwide and by years of completion. As a result, it was found out that, even in samples before 1995, HCFC is used in about 10% and that, in case of limiting to the specified freon (CFC), the freon remaining quantity was more than 1-4 wt% even after a lapse of 30 years. The paper arranged subjects on the freon recovery/treatment in each stage of the life cycle and the required conditions for technology/equipment. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1997 report on the investigation on the actual status of international research information exchange in research organizations in Japan and U.S.A; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (Nichibei kenkyu kikan ni okeru kokusai kenkyu koryu jittai chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    An investigation was made on the actual status of utilizing researchers from foreign countries and internationally exchanging researchers with views on technological researchers in universities and public institutes in Japan and the U.S.A. Foreign researchers at 39 research institutes in the Tsukuba area are from Asian region at 43%, and European and North American regions at 43%. Asian researchers are dominated overwhelmingly by Chinese and Korean people. Researchers from Europe and North America have a high ratio of working at institutes belonging to the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, and many of them are of short period staying type. On the other hand, many of those from African regions intend to study diplomatic and cultural exchange, and those from Middle and South American regions to study agricultural and fishery industries. About 8.4% of the scientists and engineers who obtained doctorates in America in 1995 is foreign nationals, and about 83.3% of them is of long period staying type. Foreign students in the U.S.A. account for 3.1% of students in institutions of higher education. The higher the education level, the higher the foreign student ratio, whereas the ratio reaches 33.0% in doctoral courses. Persons who obtained doctorates in the department of science and engineering are, in decreasing order, Chinese, Taiwanese, Indian and Korean. 32 figs., 47 tabs.

  6. Report on a survey in fiscal 1998 for petroleum substituting energy development and utilization in the Pacific Ocean region; 1998 nendo Taiheiyo chiiki sekiyu daitai energy kaihatsu riyo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A survey was carried out to make available the information base that can collect, put into order and provide quickly and accurately the energy related information based on global environment problems in the Pacific Ocean region. Fiscal 1998 has performed a substituting energy demand and supply analysis in the Pacific Ocean region by adding the 1996 data, in addition to collection of the normal energy data. For the purpose of analyzing the petroleum substituting energy demand and supply in the Pacific Ocean region, data were collected from 17 countries for fiscal 1997 and the quarterly data for 1998. Retroactive data collection was also continued. The growth rate of primary energy supply in the Pacific Ocean region is 1.8% in average in the 1980's, and 3.8% in the 1990's. In contrast, the growth rate of petroleum substituting energies is 6.4% in the 80's and 6.2% in the former half of the 90's, being far higher than the growth rate of the primary energy supply. The share of the petroleum substituting energies accounting for in the primary energy supply has increased from 6.7% in 1980 to 12.1% in 1996. As the breakdown, nuclear power accounts for overwhelmingly large, followed by geothermal energy and new energies. (NEDO)

  7. Survey report of FY 1997 on the feasibility of microbial biotechnology for reuse of environmental pollutants; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (kankyo osen busshitsu no shigenka no tame no biseibutsu bio technology no riyo kanosei chi kansuru chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    An investigation was conducted with the aim of elucidating the foundations for effective utilization of environmental pollutants or unused resources which are likely to be causal substances of environmental pollutants, as resources, using biotechnology. Composting of agricultural waste, production of microbial mycelium proteins and microbial fermentation materials were suggested as main examples of effective utilization of unused resources by microorganisms. Selection of active microorganisms in the livestock waste, clarification of the mechanism of action and the establishment of treatment conditions are essential to new developments in this field. In the field of marine products industry, it was pointed out that the recycling of waste using microorganisms and enzyme treatment is the most promising approach to the effective utilization of resources. In the field of food industry, applications as the culture media for mushrooms, for enzyme production and for the production of physiologically active materials as well as fuel were clarified. Was also pointed out the significance of studies on the microorganisms and enzymes in resources containing cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, and the waste from these resources, lignocellulose. Were also proposed the composting of household waste, methane fermentation, and fermentative production of organic acid and hydrogen from waste. Possibility and significance of fermentative production of organic acid from sewage sludge were suggested. 314 refs., 46 figs., 33 tabs.

  8. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D on the assessment of reliability of oil refining facilities; 1999 nendo sekiyu seisei setsubi shinraisei hyoka nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    At present, in oil refineries in Japan, the term of the continued operation in oil refining facilities is shorter than that in Europe and America because of the regulation on the open inspection period for boilers and hazardous material storage tanks. As a result, the refining cost is comparatively higher than in Europe and America due to the increase in inspection/repair cost and decrease in operational rate. Therefore, it is becoming important to effectively supply petroleum products by keeping stability in oil refining facilities of the whole Japan and prolonging the term of the continued operation of oil refining facilities, etc. In this R and D, the technical development is conducted which is needed for the long-term continued operation of oil refining facilities. The items for the R and D are as follows: assessment technology of reliability of oil refining high temperature system facilities, assessment technology of reliability of piping/storage facilities in oil refinery, assessment technology of reliability of oil refining power system facilities, technology of management support system in oil refining facilities. In this fiscal year, technical survey, data collection, and construction of the basic concept of developmental technology were mostly conducted. Also conducted were trial manufacture of various probes for non-fracture inspection use, oscillators, etc., and basic design of inspection equipment and trial manufacture of a part of them. And the data acquired were analyzed. (NEDO)

  9. FY 1999 report on the comprehensive analysis of the geothermal development promotion survey. Forth. No.C-3 Akinomiya area; 1999 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa sogo kaiseki hokokusho. No. C-3 Akinomiya chiiki (Dai 4 ji)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-01-01

    As part of the geothermal development promotion survey, the comprehensive analysis was made on the survey of the existence amount of geothermal resource in the Akinomiya area, Ogachi town, Akita prefecture, which was conducted in FY 1999. In the evaluation of reservoirs, the following were carried out: comprehensive analysis of various data on the surface survey, well exploration, etc., which were stored in surveys from the primary to the forth, modification/construction of geothermal system models, numerical simulation using 3D models, etc. In the long-term jetting test, production/reduction tests were conducted using N9-AY-3 and N10-AY-8 as production wells and N8-AY-1 and N10-AY-6 as reduction wells. The results of the comprehensive analysis were outlined as follows. The distribution of high temperature zones promising as areas for geothermal development was grasped. The distribution of the main fracture structure underground was grasped. A total amount of 124t/h steam was confirmed by short/long term jetting tests. In the simulation of prediction of production, the result was obtained that there was potential power generation of 30MW in the Akinomiya area alone and 60MW both in the Akinomiya area and the Wasabizawa area. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1998 research report. Survey on data collection for development of new energy technology (fuel cell); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Shin energy gijutsu kaihatsu kankei data shu sakusei chosa (nenryo denchi)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report is composed of Part 1: the development trend of fuel cells in fiscal 1998, and Part 2: the collected data and appendices. Part 1 includes 4 chapters, (1) The outline of the development trend, (2) Stationary fuel cell, (3) The development trend of fuel cell vehicles, and (4) The development trend of small transportable fuel cells. The report newly includes the development trend of small-capacity fuel cells and the report on 1998 Fuel Cell Seminar notable as an international conference on fuel cell summarizing the trend of fuel cells in fiscal 1998, as compared with the fiscal 1997 report. Part 2 is the collected data on domestic and foreign demonstration operation results of fuel cells, and technical development of every fuel cell. In addition to various collected data on the whole of fuel cells and their use techniques, Part 2 includes the principle, features, system configuration, performance simulation technique, application and market analysis of fuel cells, and the national policy and concerned laws on a subsidy system for introduction of fuel cells, for example. (NEDO)

  11. Fiscal 1996 report on the survey of making models for introducing petroleum substituting energy systems. 3; 1996 nendo chosa hokokusho (sekiyu daitai energy system donyu model sakusei ni kansuru chosa). 3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In the introduction of new energy and promotion of measures taken for energy conservation, it is necessary to give local governments, entrepreneurs, etc. guidance for introducing energy systems which meet with courses for how to construct infrastructures of towns or cities and features of facilities in case of regional development, arrangement of facilities, etc. In fiscal 1996, each of the petroleum substituting energy systems which were invented in fiscal 1996 was arranged, and the main systems were shown in image in pamphlets. Namely, those are related to photovoltaic power generation, use of solar energy, use of wind energy, use of geothermal energy, use of biomass energy, use of waste, use of unused energy, cogeneration, load levelling, wide-area energy supply, etc. Characteristics of each of the petroleum substituting energy systems were arranged from viewpoints of introducibility, scale, features of supply power/heat, economical efficiency and environmental characteristics, and subjects. Typical examples of the introduction in the country were outlined in terms of introduction sites, actual operational results, and effects. 7 figs., 4 tabs.

  12. Report on surveys in fiscal 1998 on the project to invite petroleum substituting energy related experts in Japan and EU; Nichi EU sekiyu daitai energy kanren senmonka shohei jigyo 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In relation with coping with global environmental problems in recent years, needs are increasing more than ever for enhancing fossil energy utilization rates, developing and expanding utilization of petroleum substituting energies that can substitute fossil energies. Since Japan is particularly a large energy consuming country, and cannot escape from depending on import for the majority of its energy resources, it is an urgent issue to enhance the energy utilization efficiency and further promote development and utilization of new energies. To do this, it is indispensable to exchange such item of information as identification of actual status in other countries of handling the petroleum substituting energies. Taking up geothermal energy, fiscal 1998 invited four experts from EU countries. Visits were made for about two weeks on Japanese research institutes and business enterprises related to geothermal energy, and opinions and information were exchanged. A seminar was held on the final day, where the EU experts have made presentations on the current status and future prospects on geothermal research and development in EU. Greatly valuable suggestions were given for the Japan's future geothermal research and development. (NEDO)

  13. FY 2000 Project report on drawing district energy-saving visions for Town of Ginan. Preliminary survey; 2000 nendo Ginan-cho chiiki sho energy vision sakutei nado jigyo hokokusho. Shoki dankai chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-02-01

    Actual situations of energy consumption and potentially saved energy are surveyed among others for introduction of concrete energy-saving measures in Town of Ginan, Gifu Pref., to promote energy saving and abatement of gas emissions which cause global warming. The problems pointed out by the survey on the actual situations of energy consumption include insufficient measures for avoiding waste in houses relative to the nation-wide tendencies, although improved to some extent, difficulty in spreading energy-saving conception throughout the employees in industrial areas, and insufficient limitation of use of private cars and alternative transportation systems. The energy-saving measures studied include setting temperature for air conditioners, and efficient use of home electric appliances, e.g., TV sets, refrigerators and washing machines. The measures studied for the transportation sector include spreading/promotion of clean cars, wider utilization of public transportation systems, promotion of telework systems aided by information communications, and promotion of eco-driving. The energy-saving target, to be realized in FY 2010 by these measures, is set at 67,646 times 10{sup 7}Kcal for the town. (NEDO)

  14. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on the development of polymeric material from renewable resource using biocatalyst; 2000 nendo seitai shokubai wo riyoshita saisei kano shigen kara no kobunshi sozai no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The project aims to develop a biocatalyst-assisted synthesizing method for efficiently manufacturing sugar containing polymers and polylactic acids which generate less environmental impact. The ALP-901 derived from actinomycetes operates best with 5% water content, and remains free of hydrolytic effect even when the rate rises to 20%, and catalyzes transesterification only. The esterification activity of bioprase rose remarkably upon addition of water. A polymer with a molecular weight of scores of thousands was obtained in the polymerization of sugar ester monomers. A sugar undecylenate with a double bond at an end was successfully polymerized. The sugar containing polymer exhibited excellent biodegradability. In a reaction of butanediol and lactide, several types of lactic oligomers different in molecular weight were synthesized. The oligomers were caused to react with divinylcarboxylic acid in the presence of an enzyme, and a polymerizable lactic oligomer was obtained. Furthermore, in a reaction between glucose and lactide, several lactic oligomer derivatives were synthesized, different in molecular weight. In a reaction of the derivatives and divinylcarboxylic acid with an enzyme added thereto, a polymerizable lactic oligomer derivative was obtained, which was brought into polymerization in the presence of a radical polymerization initiator for the production of a high molecular weight gel. (NEDO)

  15. Research report of FY 1996 on development of new hydrogen energy demonstration technology. 1. FY 1996 results; 1996 nendo kenkyu hokokusho. Shinsuiso energy jissho gijutsu kaihatsu (1996 nendo jisshibun)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-11-01

    The purpose of this project is to clarify the possibility of new hydrogen energy as a future energy source. The new hydrogen energy is obtained from the excess heat generation phenomenon through the electrolysis of heavy water using palladium metal as an electrode. The excess heat regeneration tests have been successively conducted using two kinds of electrolytic cells. As a result, the excess heat generation measured by one electrolytic cell in FY 1996 has been confirmed in about 35% of repeatability under the same condition. On the other hand, the excess heat over the measuring accuracy was not measured using two kinds of absolute heating value measuring systems. The electrolytic cell, by which the excess heat was measured, was used for confirming the absolute heating value as keeping its condition. When tests were conducted using the developed system, it was found that the absolute heating value can not be detected. Then, verification tests are currently conducted for determining the cause. Moreover, in order to clarify the basic characteristics of materials required for the regeneration of the excess heat generation phenomenon, observation and analysis of the materials were performed before and after the excess heat measurement. Thus, the cause of difference was revealed. 3 refs., 98 figs., 24 tabs.

  16. Fiscal 1997 survey report. Survey consigned to NEDO of the development of energy use rationalization home welfare equipment systems; 1997 nendo energy shiyo gorika zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu chosa. Itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of constructing new home welfare equipment systems of an energy effective use type, an investigational analysis was conducted of characteristics of the structure of houses considered of aged people, characteristics of the use of home welfare equipment, etc. As to the subject on space warming/cooling, it was found that the hour of stay-at-home of the aged tends to be longer, and the hour to be required for warming/cooling is longer, that the aged gradually lose senses regarding the peripheral environmental temperature, and the temperature to be considered should be at warmer/cooler levels, and that they are weak in heat shock, and the space of house where the temperature is uneven should be removed. Further, from the study in each welfare techno-house, possibilities were pointed out of further energy conservation in houses considered of the aged and home welfare equipment systems like the weight reduction of home welfare equipment systems and reduction of stand-by power, high air-tightness/high thermal insulation of houses for the aged, use of waste heat from air conditioners, introduction of solar energy to stand-by power and electrically-driven wheel chairs. 257 figs., 89 tabs.

  17. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on the research and development of medical and welfare apparatus/technology. Home rehabilitation system for aphasia patients; 2000 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shitsugosho zaitaku rehabilitation shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    In the effort to develop an authoring system for assistance programs, a self-training system to enhance home rehabilitation, a remote rehabilitation evaluation/diagnosis supporting system, and a communication assisting system, the systems developed in the preceding fiscal years were customized and, together with their operation manuals, introduced to seven hospitals and subjected to evaluation. The results were analyzed, and improvement centering on the ease of operation was carried out. Various development efforts were exerted to improve on what were strongly demanded. As for the aphasiac/caregiver interface, it was distributed to every hospital concerned. There was a demand for immediate introduction, and then the interface was developed into a practical tool to satisfy the demand. This enabled aphasiac patients to receive training stimuli effectively through various sense organs. (NEDO)

  18. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on research and development of technologies for medical welfare equipment. Home rehabilitation system for aphasia patients; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Shitsugosho zaitaku rehabilitation shien system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    Element technologies under development involve (1) an authoring system for assistance program processing, (2) self-training system for supporting home rehabilitation, (3) human interface for aphasia patients and caregivers, (4) remote rehabilitation evaluation and diagnosis supporting system, and (5) a communication assisting system. Under item (1), a material incorporating interface, training contents layout and combination function, and general-purpose interface specifications are determined, and a one-piece system is designed and developed. Under item (2), a self-training player that behaves in compliance with the authoring specifications is designed and developed. Under item (3), a secondary unit is fabricated on the assumption of its use at an actual treatment scene. Under item (4), remotely controlled two-way face-to-face communication, camera control, shared operation of a training player, training scenario transfer component, etc., are developed and, furthermore, a one-piece system is designed and developed to support the therapist's rehabilitation assessment and diagnosis in coordination with the above-mentioned remotely controlled functions. Under item (5), a network communication component and an auxiliary function using voice synthesis are added for designing and developing a one-piece system that enables long-distance communication between the therapist and patients. (NEDO)

  19. Report for fiscal 1998. Joint research of environment-friendly system for effectively utilizing water resources; 1998 nendo hokokusho. Kankyo taiogata mizushigen yuko riyo system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The research is conducted in cooperation with Industrial Technology Development Institute of the Philippines, and aims to solve water related problems such as unstable water supply and water quality pollution though developing a waste water treatment and recycling system which is easy to operate and maintain, low in cost, and usable in the Philippines. Fiscal 1998 is the second year of the project. Statistics are studied about the load that each industrial branch imposes on water for its pollution, and it is found that food manufacturers, paper pulp mills, and fiber dyeing plants are heavily responsible for water pollution. A method consisting of single-tower UASB anaerobic treatment and activated sludge treatment is applied as a water treatment process to Ram Food Products Corporation, and its optimization is studied. A removal rate 60% is achieved after a 12-hour treatment period at a COD (chemical oxygen demand) rate of 8g/liter/day. A method consisting of coagulating sedimentation and activated sludge treatment is applied to the waste water from a Solid Mill Corporation dyeing plant, when it is found that the water after ultimate treatment is almost colorless and that COD is 76mg/liter and BOD (biological oxygen demand) 13mg/liter, and these suggest that the waste water is recyclable. Since it is low in COD removing rate, the application of anaerobic treatment to high-concentration water after washing is not appropriate. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1998 research report on the basic study on the effect of microgravity on living individuals; Bisho juryoku no seibutsu kotai ni taisuru eikyo no kiso kenkyu 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to clarify the effect of microgravity on vital functions and organisms at a cell level, this research studies the molecular biological response function of higher animals, the gravity acceptable mechanism of single-cell organisms, the effect of gravity on geotaxis of insects, measurement of monoamine system neurotransmitters of rat hippocampus by dialysis in a brain and the effect of microgravity on it, the effect of microgravity on water and bone metabolism functions and immunity function, and the analysis of BZ reaction as a simple model of vital reaction. The themes of the research are as follows: the effect of microgravity environment on cell fusion, the analysis of gravity acceptable mechanisms of single-cell organisms, the effect of oriental medical treatment on bone metabolism anomaly of mouses under microgravity environment, the effect of oriental medical treatment on change in physiological function under microgravity environment, the effect of microgravity environment on immunity systems, the effect of gravity on cell activities, the effect of a gravity field on chemical oscillation reaction, and the effect of gravity on geotaxis of insects. (NEDO)

  1. Fiscal 1993 investigational study of a model of international cooperation for an environmentally harmony type green technosystem; 1993 nendo Oshu ni okeru haikibutsu shori oyobi recycle no doko ni kansuru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    For the natural environment preservation, effective utilization of resources, and maintenance of the ecosystem, an international cooperation model was proposed for the environmental harmony type green technosystem. A comprehensive evaluating analysis of a green forest resource, etc. as the global resource, and an intensive extraction of subjects and needs was made. The analysis was conducted of technical possibility and abstract business development effects toward the industrialization with high values added which is in harmony with the environment. As a case study, the Papua New Guinea area, Malaysia was selected and re-evaluated. For this typical tropical forest area, a new technical system was studied based on the natural environment, industry/economy, social/cultural assessment, etc., and a model for industrializing new international cooperation was proposed. For the model making for industrialization, various steps to be taken and conditions to be prepared were studied and arranged for the realization. Upon going ahead with the international technical cooperation, Japan, a large lumber consuming country, needs to always consider the fostering and effective use of lumber resource in particular. 27 refs., 28 figs., 30 tabs.

  2. FY 1998 annual report on the CO{sub 2} reduction by 30 manufacturing companies (plants) through energy conservation. Thailand; Seizogyo 30 sha (kojo) no sho energy ni yoru CO{sub 2} haishutsuryo sakugen 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Taikoku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project is aimed at energy-saving diagnosis of 30 energy-intensive manufacturing plants in Thailand, to draw the project plans and clarify, e.g., greenhouse effect gas reduction and cost-effectiveness effects, on the basis of transferring and applying the energy management and energy-saving equipment technologies now being used by the manufacturing sector in Japan. The 30 plants analyzed are 6 metal-related plants, 3 non-ferrous plants, 5 chemical plants, 6 ceramics plant, 4 textile plants, 4 food processing plants and 2 pulp plants. Two or more feasible energy-saving measures are studied for each plant. A total of 178 improvement measures (approximately 6 on the average for each plant) are identified as the ones related to energy-saving and operation controlling techniques. These measures could reduce CO2 emissions by 145,000 t/y from 1,370,000 t/y released from the 30 plants. The measures of high cost-effectiveness are (use of an appropriate pressure for air compressors) and (resting of transformers on non-working days). (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1992 R and D project for next generation infrastructure technology. Report on results of R and D on silicon-based polymeric material; 1992 nendo keisokei kobunshi zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-03-01

    R and D was conducted with the purpose of establishing fundamental technologies for molecular design, synthesis, material formation and evaluation method concerning silicon-based polymer. with the fiscal 1992 results summarized. In the studies on synthesis technology of electrically conductive silicon-based polymeric materials, silicon-based compounds were synthesized including in particular -Si-Si- bond and carbon multiple bond like -C-C-, with acquisition/analysis of material data started. In the studies on new silicon-based polymeric materials capable of circuit plotting, syntheses were performed for network polysilanes through the disproportionation reaction of alkoxydisilanes. In the studies on new silicon-based polymeric materials having a light emitting function, evaluation of oxidation-reduction potential and search for synthesizing conditions were performed for halosilanes and hydrosilanes. In the studies on silicon-based photoelectric conversion materials, molecular design progressed using a crystal orbital method. Furthermore, researches were implemented on such subjects as silicon-based polymeric materials having a sea-island structure, interpenetrating polymer network forming technologies, and composite structural materials composed of organic metallic complex and silicon-based polymers. (NEDO)

  4. Achievement report on commissioned research of R and D in fiscal 2000 on micromachine technologies. Development of high function maintenance technology for power generation facilities; 2000 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Hatsuden shisetsu you kokino mentenansu gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D has been carried out on a high function maintenance system that performs inspection and repair of anomalies such as internal cracks by using micromachines without need of disassembling heat exchangers and piping systems in power generation facilities. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 2000. In the research of a prototype self-propelled system to recognize environment in tubes, the secondary prototype system integrating all of the elemental devices was fabricated, and its functions were verified. In the research of a prototype system to inspect outer surface of fine tube groups, a plurality of single machines that perform movement in narrow spaces on flat surface, interlocking, separation and flaw detection were connected to execute a vertical movement experiment. In the research of a prototype system for works internal to devices, fabrication and functional verification were conducted on the final prototype system which is equipped with functions of measuring very small nicks and performing repair works, which are mounted on the tip of a curved tube unit with multiple degrees of freedom. In the research of a functional device improving technology, a device that puts together artificial muscles, micro-joints, and a suspension device with very low friction was fabricated, and a functional verification was implemented thereon. (NEDO)

  5. Report on the survey in fiscal 1998. Survey on CO{sub 2} reduction at coal fired thermal power plants in Russia; 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Roshia sekitan karyoku hatsudensho CO{sub 2} sakugen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Russia was selected as a candidate for the joint project implementation based on COP3, and coal fired thermal power plants in the country were surveyed. From among power plants having generation capacity of 200 GW, 600 thermal power plants account for 70%. Two-third of them are using natural gas as fuel, with the remaining plants using coal, which are noticeably overaged, having facility renewal as a pressing problem. Therefore, they can be the good targets for reducing carbon dioxide emission by modernizing the facilities. Promising projects with large cost effect of CO2 reduction were extracted in the Far Eastern and Siberian regions, where weight of coal fired thermal power plants is high. These projects include five plants including Amursk No. 1 and Kabarovsk No. 1 in the Far Eastern region, and five plants including Irkutsk Nos. 6, 10 and 11 in the Siberian region. From among 48 projects proposed to Japan by RAOEES 'ROSSII' in 1998, nine projects were surveyed individually as the objects of case study. Based on the survey and the consultation with the counterpart, draft proposals were prepared for each power plant, and CO2 reduction effect was evaluated. The Dogobuzh, Cherpet and Troitsk power plants were identified as having a promising potential. (NEDO)

  6. Collection of outlines of Sunshine Program achievement reports for fiscal 1988. Solar energy (Light utilizing technology and heat utilizing technology); 1988 nendo sunshine keikaku seika hokokusho gaiyoshu. Taiyo energy (hikari riyo gijutsu / netsu riyo gijutsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1989-04-01

    Collected concerning the research and development of photovoltaic power systems are the basic research on solar cells; research and development of new-type photovoltaic power systems; and research and development of amorphous solar cells. Collected concerning the development of technologies for the practical application of photovoltaic power systems are the experiment, refining, and verification of low-cost silicon; experiment, fabrication, and verification of solar panels; research on the practical application of high-efficiency crystal-based solar cells; research and development of amorphous solar cells; research and development of solar cell evaluation systems; development of peripheral technologies; research and development of photovoltaic power-aided systems; research and development of centralized photovoltaic power systems; and development of photothermal hybrid type photovoltaic power systems. Collected concerning heat-utilizing technologies are the research and development of solar thermal electric power generation systems; research and development of solar air-conditioners and hot water supply systems; and development of practical application technologies for industrial solar systems. Collected also are international cooperative projects on solar energy technologies. (NEDO)

  7. Research report of FY 1997 on the technology trend survey meetings for highly creative and functional material creation technology; 1997 nendo `dokusoteki kokino zairyo sosei gijutsu` gijutsu doko chosa kenkyukai ni kakawaru chosa kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-01

    Survey and research have been conducted to plan and investigate the direction of creative material development. The survey and research were carried out through discussions in the symposium and meetings. For the symposium, were presented the activities of Asahi Research Center for reducing the environmental loads, environmentally acceptable industries and materials, needs and research/development trends related to ceramics including artificial lattice, processes and composites, no needs is good needs, needs and future research/development in chemical companies, and the display material development. For the results of national institutes of the Agency of Industrial Science and Technology, 17 papers were presented which include the neuro-computer for distinguishing plastic wastes, development and assessment of biodegradable plastics, recycling of high molecular wastes, super plastic silicon nitride with an ultra-long life through the formation of orientated texture, reaction hot-press of carbonized chaff by adding metal oxides, etc. 14 tabs.

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1996 on the research and development of micromachine technology. Development of advanced-function maintenance technology for power generation facilities; 1996 nendo micromachine gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Hatsuden shisetsuyo kokino maintenance gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Technologies for integrating functions are studied for a self-propelled surroundings recognition system that travels in a small-diameter tube at power generation facilities. Parameters are analyzed, and piezoelectric locomotion devices are reduced in size. A disk shape microantenna is experimentally built and evaluated, which is for realizing energy supply and communication by means of microwaves. Studies are conducted to improve the performance of optical energy transmission devices and to realize their systematization. Basic specifications are established for the embodiment of CCD (charge coupled device) microcameras to be installed. A high-efficiency, high-reliability micromachine system is constructed, in which multiple machines coordinate with each other for the exterior inspection of groups of small-diameter tubes. Devices which are capable of driving, deceleration, and propulsion prove to be feasible. Basic specifications are established for microconnectors to connect, separate, and combine multiple machines as occasion calls. Also discussed is the development of a micromachine for tube interior check and repair which operates making use of the inspection hole enabling tube interior check and repair without the need of disassembling the equipment to be repaired.

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the research and development of genome informatics technology. Development of energy use rationalization technologies; 1998 nendo genome informatics gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Energy shiyo gorika gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the field of the analysis of gene expression frequency information, a novel glass coating method and a highly sensitive high-speed reading device are developed. Element technologies are studied for the development of a detection system capable of high-density high-speed reading of high-density DNA capillary array, with a long-chain DNA probe solidified therein. In the technology of transcription control information analysis, concerning the technology of transcription dynamics analysis using tagged transcription control factors, the construction of a model system protocol is studied, an automatic analysis system is developed, and an evaluation technology is also developed. Furthermore, a novel method is proposed, in which two specimens will be prepared, that is, a microbead coupled DNA specimen consisting of base sequences of all combinations of a certain chain length and a cDNA (complementary deoxyribonucleic acid) derived protein specimen, and DNA-protein complexes will be isolated for analysis bead by bead out of a liquid which is a mixture of the said two specimens. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1997 verification and survey of geothermal prospecting technology etc. 1/2. Survey report on deep-seated geothermal resources; 1997 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa hokokusho. 1/2. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-02-01

    For the purpose of reducing the risk to accompany the exploitation of deep-seated geothermal resources, investigations are conducted into the three factors that govern the formation of geothermal resources at deep levels, that is, the supply of heat from heat sources, the supply of geothermal fluids, and the development of fracture systems contributing to the constitution of reservoir structures. In fiscal 1997, a fumarolic gas test is conducted at the deep-seated geothermal well WD-1b which was drilled in the preceding fiscal year. In the test, chemical and isotopic characteristics are compared between the fluids of the WD-1b and the other existing deep-seated wells, and it is found that the fluids from the WD1b originates in surface water just like the fluids from the others and that the constitution of its gas is not greatly affected by magmatic fluids. A PTS (Pressure, Temperature, Spinner flowmeter) logging is performed to observe conditions in the well with the fluids being discharged and to know the inflow point and rate the fumarolic fluids, and the result is utilized to presume the 3-dimensional stress in the vicinity of the WD-1. An isotopic measurement of water included in the fluids is conducted to examine the origin of the geothermal fluids, constant observation and analysis of micro-earthquakes are carried out, and the fluid flow and fluid hydraulic characteristics are also studied. (NEDO)

  11. Reports on research achievements in developing high-performance industrial furnaces in fiscal 1998 (Research and development of high-performance industrial furnaces). Volume 1; 1998 nendo koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    From the reports on research achievements in developing high-performance industrial furnaces in fiscal 1998, the report volume 1 was prepared as a research achievement report of each working group, detailing fundamental researches, heating furnaces, and heat treatment furnaces. The fundamental researches have researched combustion evaluating technology, characteristics of the area in the vicinity of a combustor, characteristics of combustion of high-temperature air, heating characteristics of a furnace to investigate effect of local heat absorption, and combustion evaluation. For the heating furnaces, the following subjects were studied: development of an in-furnace combustion model, summary of an experiment for evaluating high-temperature air combustion, furnace height relative to combustion heat transfer characteristics, heat loss minimizing technology, combustion heat transfer characteristics of liquid fuels, optimal operation of the high-temperature air combustion, basic control in heating control, and steel piece heating control. Studies were performed for the heat treatment furnaces on the case of a direct firing furnace in evaluating the heat transfer characteristics, the case of a radiant tube furnace, application of thermal fluid simulation technology, furnace averaging technology, soot reducing technology, control technology, and trial design on a high-performance heat treatment furnace. (NEDO)

  12. Report on survey for environment harmonizing type energy community project for Chubu International Airport. District heat supply facilities using large-scale cogeneration systems; Chubu kokusai kuko kankyo chowagata energy community jigyo chosa hokokusho. Daikibo cogeneration chiiki netsu kyokyu shisetsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The Chubu International Airport is positioned as a hub airport scheduled to start its use in the early part of the 21st century, to which introduction of large-scale cogeneration systems was discussed. Structuring an energy supply system conscious of the 21st century is intended, that is friendly to the environment, is attached with importance on the economy, and has high reliability and safety. The systems have cogeneration capacity from 4,500 to 6,000 kW, and utilize high-pressure waste heat from the cogeneration system as the heat source. The system uses the high pressure waste heat, stored heat, and gas at the same time to achieve high economic performance brought about by heat storage and the best energy source mix, while attempting cascade utilization of the heat. Considerations were given to suppress the environmental and energy load on the district as low as possible for the coexistence with the district, and to build framework and coordination to return the merits to the district. Subsidy introduction also has a great effect to assure the economic performance. The optimal specific construction of the system was found in combining the utilization of energy generated from temperature difference in sea water as a heat source system, the topping system utilizing the high pressure waste heat available in the system, high-efficiency heat pumps, and the heat storing system utilizing electric power available at late night. (NEDO)

  13. FY 1995 Report on the data processing for the geothermal development promotion investigation. No.B-3 Kumaishi Area (Phase 1); 1995 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa data shori hokokusho. 1. No.B-3 Kumaishi chiiki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-01-01

    Described herein are the FY 1995 results of the No.B-3 Kumaishi Area investigation, conducted as part of the geothermal development promotion investigation project. The project covers the geological structure, geochemical, gravitational, electromagnetic, environmental impact and supplementary investigations. The following findings are obtained by the comprehensive analysis of the data. The Kumaishi Area is based on the sedimentary rocks and granite formed in the Pre-Ternary, which are unconformably covered by the strata belonging to Upper Oligocene of Ternary to Lower Pleistocene of Quaternary. The presence of NW-SE to E-W to NE-SW systems is suggested as the main fracture systems. It is estimated by the K-Ar method that the intrusion was formed in the 2.06 to 2.28Ma. The geochemical temperature suggests the presence of the fluid of 200 degrees C or higher as the deep hot water temperature. The resistivity structure generally indicates the NW-SE direction. Each stratum is confirmed by the test drilling for the structural investigation. The fluid motion model suggests possibility of hot water of high salt content, similar to that confirmed deep in the Yagumo Area, distributed deep in the Kumaishi Area. (NEDO)

  14. Survey on acceleration of geothermal development in fiscal 1998. Report on survey for influence on environment (No. B-7, Kuwanosawa district); 1998 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa.Kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho (No. B-7 Kuwanosawa chiiki)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-09-01

    A survey was performed on the current situation in the Kuwanosawa district in Akita Prefecture to identify influence on the surrounding environment due to drilling of geothermal structure testing wells. The survey on animals covered mammals of five divisions, 10 families and 19 species, Aves of ten divisions, 25 families and 73 species, reptiles of one division, 3 families and 6 species, Amphibia of two divisions, 6 families, 9 species, and Insects of 17 divisions, 179 families and 719 species. Precious animals of a several species including black salamander were identified. In the plant survey, 132 families and 670 species were identified, with several species listed as the precious plants. In the survey of hot springs, those at three locations were all high-temperature hot springs at as high as 53.8 to 96.9 degrees C. Amount of discharge, pH and electrical conductivity differ largely by the hot springs. The hot spring in Takamatsu did not show large variation throughout the survey period. The Ogura Inn at Doroyu Spa has small variation in pH and hot spring temperature, but large variation in the amount of discharge and Al{sup 3+} concentration. Correlation was recognized between hot spring temperature and amount of discharge, between hot spring temperature and anion, between amount of discharge and electric conductivity, and between amount of discharge and anion. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1998 geothermal development promotion survey. Report on the environmental effect survey (animals/plants, No. B-7 Kuwanosawa area); 1998 nendo chinetsu kaihatsu sokushin chosa. Kankyo eikyo chosa hokokusho (doshokubutsu, No.B-7 Kuwanosawa chiiki)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This survey was conducted to estimate effects of drilling of geothermal exploration well on the environment, aiming at grasping the present state of environmental elements before the survey/development. As a result of the literature survey, the following distribution were confirmed in the fauna: 5 orders 10 families 19 species in the mammalia, 10 orders 25 families 73 species in the aves, 1 order 3 families 6 species in the reptilia, 2 orders 6 families 9 species in the amphibia, and 17 orders 179 families 719 species in the insecta. In the flora, a distribution of 132 families 670 species was confirmed. The results of studying the above indicated that in the fauna, there were 10 species such as antelope as valuable animal in the area surveyed and that it is necessary to pay much attention to the environmental preservation of the habitat for those animals in the well drilling associated with geothermal survey. In the flora, the 13 valuable animals selected as animal having a fear of extinction in the 'plant-version red list' were confirmed in the area surveyed and the periphery. Further, as to the plant colony, there are no important colonies in terms of preservation. In well drilling, important things are efforts exerted to restore to the original state of the area altered, prevention of the washed-away of mud water, etc., and efforts exerted to preserve the environment of vegetation. (NEDO)

  16. Research report for fiscal 1998 on the basic research on the promotion of joint implementation and so forth. Energy project for Shenyang Iron and Steel Complex in Liaoning Province; 1998 nendo Liaoning sho Shenyang kotetsu soheisho shoene project chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The above complex is surveyed for the promotion of CDM (clean development mechanism) which is a flexibility measure in the Kyoto Protocol. The 4 existing 7.5-ton electric furnaces are antiquated and high in electric power consumption rate, and cause much dust pollution. A project is worked out, under which the furnace volume will be reduced to save energy and to realize environmental friendliness. The project aims to save power, reduce greenhouse gas emission, and settle environmental problems such as dust generation. The refurbishment will reduce greenhouse gas by 27,211 tons a year in the case of a 100,000 tons/year-capable plant. This means 663 tons of CO2 per 100-million yen of invested capital. As for funding, the reimbursing trade scheme is studied as a means for procuring funds from aboard for capital investment. This seems not practical, however, due to the circumstances the project finds itself under. Financial aids such as an environmental preservation related yen loan from the Japanese Government will be studied. Japan's iron and steel manufacturing industry entertains numerous environmentally friendly and energy efficient technologies earned over its long history, and many of them are found to be excellently compatible with the current circumstances in China. It is believed that an energy-efficient, environmentally friendly model to be constructed under this project will certainly gather popularity in China. (NEDO)

  17. FY 1999 report on the results of the joint study - project on the public facility use photovoltaic power generation field test; 1999 nendo kokyo shisetsunadoyo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    In the field test, solar cell panels were installed on rooftop, and inverters were installed indoors. The electric power generated was connected at high pressure with electric installation of facilities and was also supplied to power equipment, lighting, air conditioning, etc. in facilities. The FY 1999 results were summarized. The installation of photovoltaic power generation facilities at 137 places and the results of the study were summarized in this report including a new university co-op building, Tokyo Metropolitan Advanced Technology Education Center, Suwano Center House of Fukushima prefecture, Environment Center of Saga prefecture, Educational Foundation Utsukushino Kindergarten, Hikarigaoka Park of Yamagata prefecture, Koiwai factory of Koiwai Dairy Products Co., Social Welfare Corporation Kameyama Ayumi Nursery School, etc. (NEDO)

  18. Reports on 1981 result of Sunshine Project. Research on conditioning required for industrialization of new energy technology; 1981 nendo shin energy gijutsu kigyoka ni hitsuyona joken seibi ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    This research was intended to establish foundation for the coming new energy era, by clarifying all interfering elements and taking counter measures, in further spreading and promoting the new phase of new energy technology development under the Sunshine Project. With the public section as the main body, studies were made in the technological aspect as well as the legal/institutional aspects, and also an investigation was conducted of the cases of introducing new energy from overseas. In the subject research, with 1990 set as the target year, the following examinations were carried out for the purpose of concretely estimating the situation of introducing new energy into the society in Japan at such point in time. The examinations were to study the feasibility of substitution with new energy in fiscal 1990 on the present level of oil consumption; to extract problems on the basis of the results and examining a policy of introducing and promoting new energy; and, to investigate on the spot, as a case study in building a coal liquefaction plant in a coal production area overseas, a relation with the energy policy of the producing country in implementing the overseas operation and importation of liquefied oil so produced, etc. (NEDO)

  19. FY 1999 report on the results of the R and D on high performance industrial furnace, etc.; 1999 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the development of high performance industrial furnace, initial targets were achieved such as energy saving of 30%, downsizing of 20%, and a remarkable NOx reduction. To verify the achievement, the test field project is being worked on by NEDO. In FY 1998, 23 heating furnaces, 29 heat treat furnaces and 6 melting furnaces were under the project at energy saving effect of 52,000 kl converted to crude oil. In FY 1999, 18 heating furnaces, 26 heat treat furnaces and 7 melting furnaces are now under the project at energy saving effect of 57,000 kl. The project was awarded 'The 9th Nikkei Global Environmental Technology Prize.' The themes for the R and D are as follows: high efficiency exhaust heat utilization system, self-completion type high temperature/high radiation heating technology, technology to make heat transfer in steel heating suitable under non-stationary state, high efficiency heat transfer technology, technology to optimize the shape of heating furnace, high performance atmosphere heat treat furnace, high efficiency heat transfer technology by high temperature jet flame heating, technology of high efficiency aluminum melting furnace, technology to improve soaking degree in steel heating, high performance tubular heating furnace in oil refining, optimum combustion control technology of regenerative burner furnace, and laser measuring method inside industrial furnace. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1998 survey report. Welfare equipment (Development of human friendly care support intelligent equipment / Development of home welfare equipment system); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Fukushi kiki (human friendly kaigo shien chino kiki kaihatsu / zaitaku fukushi kiki system kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Since disabled persons increase with a progress of an aging society, while a care power decreases with a decrease in birth rate, development and practical use of the welfare equipment contributing to self-support of aged and handicapped persons, reduction of doctors' or therapists' burdens, and as a result, reduction of medical care costs are desirable. Among them, R and D and practical use are expected of the advanced welfare equipment and system based on human engineering technology contributing to improvement of lives of aged and handicapped persons, and support of nurses and cares of disabled persons. In fiscal 1998, on both human friendly care support intelligent equipment and home welfare equipment system, this project clarified essential technical issues based on the future view, selected some themes to be newly developed in the future, and surveyed and evaluated the details of their R and D concretely. For the former, 'heart disease diagnosis and treatment total support system,' and for the latter, 'body function rehabilitation support system' were surveyed. (NEDO)

  1. Outline of investigation on restraint of carbon dioxide generation by green chemistry. 1999.1-1999.3; 1998 nendo green chemistry ni yoru CO2 hassei yokusei ni kakawaru chosa kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Investigations were conducted into the above in some leading OECD (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) member states. Green chemistry is a new concept in which clean technology, environment-friendly chemistry, and the like are combined, and is a chemical solution for reducing or stopping the use or generation of materials, products, by-products, solvents, reagents, etc., which are dangerous to health and environments, throughout the whole life cycle of chemicals covering the processes of their designing, manufacturing, dumping, and recycling. In this fiscal year, the actual state of the generation of biomass, regarded as representative of reproducible materials, and its feasibility as chemical resources were investigated. In an effort at finding out chemical reactions safer to health and causing less environmental impact, investigations were also conducted into the recent trends of catalysts, novel reactions for organic syntheses, use of supercritical fluids, photocatalysts, biomimetic processes, etc. The development of substitutes for plastic additives was also studied. Since acceptance by the citizenry is quite important for green chemistry to take effect, educating and enlightening activities in the U.S., Britain, France, and Germany were inquired into. (NEDO)

  2. Report on the invitation program for developing countries concerning technology promotion project of global environmental industry in FY 1997; 1997 nendo chikyu kankyo sangyo gijutsu suishin jigyo ni kakawaru chikyu kankyo kanren gijutsu kaigai kenkyusha shohei jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In an effort to help preserve the global environment, International Center for Environmental Technology Transfer (ICETT) contributes to the solution of global environmental problems by promoting research exchanges with developing countries. As a part of this effort, ICETT hosted an environmental development researcher who visited Japan from the Institute of Environmental Research of Chulalongkorn University in Bangkok, Thailand. The invitation was extended at the request of NEDO. During the period of this investigation between September 16 and December 14, 1997, a photocatalyst was prepared and its performance was evaluated under the theme ``Application of photocatalysis to purification of atmospheric environment.`` At the same time, roadside test spots were inspected to study the practical application of optical photocatalysis. The visiting researcher also visited the National Institute for Resources and Environment to discuss with the staff of institute. This helped to deepen understandings of the state of air pollution problems confronting Japan, Europe, and North America, as well as issues related to the technologies that have been developed to solve these problems. The visiting researcher toured the RITE and examined Japan`s progress in the development of environmental control technology through joint research involving government, industry, and academia. At ICETT, the visiting researcher received training in Japan`s approaches to environmental problems in developing countries

  3. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. International standards for computers/manikins; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Computer manikin ni kansuru kokusai hyojun kikaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Through the development of computer manikins (CM) which assess human adaptability to products and environments, a draft for international standardization was worked out to propose to ISO. A draft for the international standardization was presented to ISO through a development of `a structure model` changing based on human attributes, a study of `a motion model` enabling changes in posture and movement, a study of `an evaluation model` evaluating attainment ranges and ecodynamic loads, and a development of `computer functions` realizing the above-mentioned functions. The development of CM having the following characteristics: a function to reproduce `the structure model` based on the ISO7250 human body dimensional measuring values which were regulated in items for the human body dimensional measuring, a function to change posture/movement based on the joint movable range data, a function to evaluate geometrical human adaptability such as attainment ranges. As a plug-in to Autodesk Mechanical Desktop 2.0, the above-mentioned functions were realized, and the modular structure platform was constructed which enables the wide-range cross-industry option and functional expansion by the advance of CM. 7 refs., 41 figs., 18 tabs.

  4. Report on the project for spread/promotion of technology for the industrial waste optimized treatment in the Asian region (International Symposium `98); Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo (symposium kaisai) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In Japan and Asian countries, the optimized treatment of industrial waste is the problem with the economic growth. Border-crossing movement of the waste for promotion of the renewable use is also a problem. Therefore, the International Symposium `98 on the industrial waste problem in the Asian region was held. China, Thailand, the Philippines and Korea were invited to Japan to give lectures. MITI of Japan reported on the present situation of Japan and the cooperation with Asian countries. The industrial circle reported on efforts for environmental protection measures to be taken, the industrial waste problem at companies which advanced into Asian countries, effects of the Basel Convention on recycling activities, Japan`s role in Asia, etc. In the panel discussion, promotion of cooperation for recycling technology and Japan`s support for formulating strategy on the industrial waste were requested to Japan, and the construction of an Asian area network was proposed. Concerning the cooperative system between governments and private companies, it was concluded that it was necessary to discuss it considering the actual state of each country. Importance of recycle and information exchange was realized again. 10 refs., 15 figs., 27 tabs.

  5. Report on the project for spread/promotion of technology for the industrial waste optimized treatment in the Asian region; Asia chiiki sangyo haikibutsu tekiseika shori gijutsu nado fukyu sokushin jigyo hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The International Symposium `98 on the industrial waste problem in the Asian region was held in Tokyo on February 18, 1998. MITI commented on the present situation of the industrial waste problem in Japan and Japan`s environmental tackling toward the Asian region, and also Asian countries (China, the Philippines, Thailand and Korea) made reports. Japan reported on environmental preservation measures taken in the industrial circle, the industrial waste problem at companies which advanced into Asian countries, effects of the Basel Convention (which restricts border-crossing movement of harmful wastes) on recycle activities, Japan`s role in Asia, etc. In the panel discussion, discussions were made on human interchange in the informatization, recycling technology, shortage of personnel concerned with environmental protection, construction of a network in the Asian region and Japan` s role, etc. As to the treatment system for waste, the necessity was recognized of studying systems which meet with actual states of each country. It is also necessary to go on with discussing how the system should be for cooperation between governments and private companies. Importance of the recycle and information exchange was emphasized. 10 refs., 14 figs., 27 tabs.

  6. Research report of fiscal 1997. Survey on creation of high-efficiency renewable resources, and bioconversion technology; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kokoritsu saisei kano shigen no sosei narabi ni bioconversion gijutsu ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Survey was made on material production technology using creation technology of high-efficiency renewable resources (photosynthesis reaction of plants). Industrially usable plant resources in overseas countries and Japan were arranged, and plant resources unused for food were also surveyed. The present state of genetic engineering necessary for metabolic engineering of higher plants such as fit and high-expression technology of genes, plant cell cultivation, and control technology of plant cell multiplication is described, and elementary technologies required for future gene-recombined plants are predicted. Survey was also made on the trend of creation technology of industrial plants for fat and oil, biodegradable polyester, amino acid, cellulose, fiber (cotton) and forest wood. A patent list on plant biotechnology was prepared, and study on bioconversion of plant resources was also surveyed. Overseas R & D trends on conversion and effective use technologies of renewable bio- resources are reported, and process design and its profitability were evaluated through a case study. 414 refs., 87 figs., 55 tabs.

  7. R and D project for large industrial technologies in fiscal 1990. Report on achievements in R and D of robots for critical works; 1990 nendo seika hokokusho. Ogata kogyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Kyokugen sagyo robot no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-01-01

    Research and development have been performed on basic technologies common to different types of robots to carry out works in critical conditions. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1990. In the R and D of tactile sensors, a prototype multi-element sensor array applicable to fingers of a robot hand was produced, and the characteristics test was conducted. In the R and D of motive force technologies, a force controlled actuator for wrist containing a torque sensor was designed and produced on a trial basis, whereas evaluations were given on the size and weight reduction and the force control performance. Regarding the actuator with redundant degree of freedom, a force controlled arm was attached with an actuator with three degrees of freedom to have performed an evaluation experiment. With regard to a small size and light weight controller, fabrication was carried out on a multi-function, high-density controller which adds positional control and peripheral interface functions to the force controlling function, and an evaluation was given. In the R and D of robot language, discussions were given on robot languages related to each system of movement, manipulation, and sensors, and the grammar specifications were prepared. (NEDO)

  8. R and D project for large industrial technologies in fiscal 1989. Report on achievements in R and D of robots for critical works; 1989 nendo seika hokokusho. Ogata kogyo gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Kyokugen sagyo robot no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    Research and development have been performed on basic technologies common to different types of robots to carry out works in critical conditions. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1989. In the R and D of sensor technologies, a prototype tri-axial one-millimeter sensor array and a signal processing device were produced and evaluations were given. A prototype production and evaluations were made on a system that can recognize comprehensively the slip, hardness, and moment as the tri-axial tactile information. In the R and D of motive force technologies, discussions were given on improvement of sensitivity of the torque sensor in the actuator for force control. Design and prototype fabrication were carried out on a speed reducer integrated actuator having a torque sensor for the manipulator's elbow joint. In addition, a force controlled controller was fabricated on a trial basis, which compensates the non-linearity of the force controlled actuator by means of software control. In the R and D of the robot languages, an application program was prepared on a representative work related to movements of a critical work robot. Verification was also conducted on the reasonability of the grammar specifications. (NEDO)

  9. FY 1998 result report. Research/development on the energy overall development/utilization technology of gas hydrate resource; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Gas haidoreto shigen no energy sogo kaihatsu riyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This study is aimed at studying for survey of gas hydrate (GH) deposit required for GH resource development and gathering of it, and further at studying for industrial utilization technology development of GH which is different in formation condition depending on kind of gas with which it reacts. The results of FY 1998 are as follows. In the study of the situation of existence of gas hydrate in the tundra, the sedimentary environment of the tundra where natural gas hydrate exists was simulated in laboratory to measure thermal conductivity of the sediments including GH. In this fiscal year, design/fabrication/calibration were conducted of the GH synthesizer and thermal analyzer. In the study of GH gathering technology in the tundra, a technology is discussed for recovering gas from GH layer and at the same time substituting CO2 hydrate for GH by blowing CO2 into the geologic layer. In FY 1998, formation/dissociation behaviors were first studied of methane/CO2 mixture hydrate. For the overall energy development of GH resource and promotion of R and D of the utilization technology, studies were made on physical properties of GH and development of the usage. (NEDO)

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 1981 on Sunshine Program-assisted project. Development of coal liquefaction plant (Research on total system); 1981 nendo sekitan ekika plant no kaihatsu (total system no kenkyu) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    For a quantitative analysis of a coal liquefaction process and its constituent sub-processes from both engineering and economic viewpoints, research is conducted for the development of a coal liquefaction process simulator. In the development of a liquefaction simulator, surveys and studies are performed relative to a coal liquefaction process, which is the object of this development effort, its system, existing like simulators, computation for the estimation of the physical properties that a liquefaction simulator should be equipped with, liquefaction yield prediction model, unit operation model, etc. Based on the results of these studies, a conceptual system design is drawn, which is the first step toward the programming of a more concrete software program. Also compiled into this book are the contents of advice and guidance provided by the total system committee in the period September 1981-February 1982 on the research for the development of a liquefaction simulator, and reports by researchers who were dispatched to the U.S. etc. for the development of a coal liquefaction simulator. (NEDO)

  11. Basic investigation on promotion of joint implementation in fiscal 2000. Efficiency improvement project for gas turbine power plant in Iran; 2000 nendo kyodo jisshi nado suishin kiso chosa hokokusho. Iran gas turbine hatsuden plant no koritsu kaizen project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Investigations and discussions have been given on measures to improve energy conservation and efficiency at a power plant of Kish Water and Power Company (KWPC) in Iran. The site has high ambient temperature throughout a year, making the gas turbine power plant capable of generating power only at about 70% of the rated output, with the power generation efficiency decreasing. The project has analyzed the current situation at the plant, and evaluated different means that appear effective in improving the efficiency, including the gas turbine absorbed air cooling system, the steam injection system, and the combined cycle. As a result of the discussions, it was revealed that energy saving effect can be obtained at 145 TJ with the gas turbine absorbed air cooling system, 224 TJ with the steam injection system, and 1017 TJ with the combined cycle. The annual reduction of greenhouse gas emission due to the above energy conservation would be about 11 thousand tons, 16.5 thousand tons, and 75 thousand tons, respectively. However, the investment payback period would be about 2.45 years, 8.31 years, and 14.21 years, respectively. Therefore, the profitability does not appear very attractive because of low fuel unit cost. (NEDO)

  12. Fiscal 1999 research result report. Research on improvement of boiling heat transfer characteristics by photocatalyst wall; 1999 nendo hikari shokubai hekimen ni yoru futto netsu dentatsu tokusei kaizen ni kansuru kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research was made on improvement of the wettability and boiling heat transfer characteristics of a photocatalyst wall. Measurement experiment of the wettability was made for anatase type titan oxide-coated Al, SUS and Pb plates, rutil type titan oxide-flame coated SUS plate, raw plate, and oxide-plasma coated titan plate. In the ground experiment, the contact angles of distilled water and oil on specimen surfaces were measured. In the microgravity experiment, falling droplet images were recorded by using the facility of Japan Microgravity Center (JAMIC). For obtaining the effect of radioactive emission, UV irradiation, {gamma} ray and neutron beam irradiation by nuclear reactor, and {gamma} ray irradiation by Co-60 were carried out. As the experiment result, the rutil type titan oxide-flame coated SUS plate, nonconductor-coated titan plate, and zircaloy plate showed large improvement of the wettability by {gamma} ray irradiation with Co-60. It was also confirmed that in particular, titan shows the large effect of radioactive emission, and the wettability deteriorates rapidly after {gamma} ray irradiation. (NEDO)

  13. Result of R and D of medical welfare equipment technology in fiscal 1994. Part 6. Therapeutic training system for preventing incontinence of urine; Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1994 nendo seika hokokusho. 6. Nyoshikkin boshi kunren sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    A portable system was developed so as to prevent the urinary incontinence and enable the aged persons and patients to live their comfortable life. In the measurement of urinary volume, its correlativity with the change in impedance was confirmed with a small and light-weight prototype. As a result of improvement of the ultrasonic method, the measurement accuracy was heightened with miniaturization. The usefulness and safety could be clinically confirmed in the urination control by electric stimulation. Based on the above element technologies, the total system was then studied by interlinking the intravesical urinary volume measurement system and urination control system. Particularly for the patients of urgent urinary incontinence, an in vitro test was conducted with a system into which the electric stimulator was integrated. As a result, this system was good as a nursing system. Through an animal experiment on iontophoresis, the urination was known to be controllable with skin-permeating drugs. However, it was known that those drugs are pharmaceutically classified into the new DDS group by the Drugs, Cosmetics and Instruments Act. Therefore, the clinical application plan was partially revised for the present system using them and made to be a subject of future study.

  14. Fiscal 1997 survey report. `Ultra high electronic technology development promotion project` under consignment from NEDO; 1997 nendo kenkyu seika hokokusho. Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku jigyo `Chosentan denshi gijutsu kaihatsu sokushin jigyo`

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-05-01

    For the purpose of establishing ultra high technology of a next next generation level, the R and D was conducted of ultra fine processing process technology, technologies on limit measuring/analysis/control and new functional electronic materials. Themes of the R and D are electronic beam direct picture drawing system technology, ultra short wavelength electromagnetic radiation patterning/system technology, ultra fine sensitizing technology, ultra high accuracy shading system technology, ultra high tech plasma reactive measuring/analysis/control technology, ultra high tech cleaning basic technology, ultra high sensitivity medium technology, new functional element/film formation technology, etc. This R and D is a greatly influential basic research in the whole industrial field, and therefore, it is necessary that researchers standing foremost in each field of industry/university/government join the project and that various R and D infrastructures are made the most of. For this, the concentrated joint research method and the dispersed joint research method are combined, and the R and D is being conduced by equal partnership of each researcher. 421 refs., 823 figs., 91 tabs.

  15. Confirmation study of the effectiveness of prospect techniques for geothermal resources. Deep-seated geothermal resources survey report (Fiscal year 1994); 1994 nendo chinetsu tansa gijutsu nado kensho chosa. Shinbu chinetsu shigen chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Drilling and survey of deep geothermal exploration wells were conducted to grasp the existing situation of deep geothermal resource and the whole image of geothermal systems in the area where geothermal resource was already developed. In the drilling work in fiscal 1994, 4000m-class rigs and the top drive system were planned to be used for drilling of 12-1/4 inch wells, but 9-5/8 inch liners were used for drilling down to depths of 2550m or deeper since the amount of lost circulation is large and the withdrawal of devices may be very difficult. And in 8-1/2 inch wells, the well was drilled down to a depth of 2950m. As to the deep resistivity exploration technology using electromagnetic method, studies were made of a multiple-frequency array induction logging (MAIL) method, a vertical electromagnetic profiling (VEMP) method, a joint analysis method, etc. Concerning the synthetic fluid inclusion logging technology, containers were lowered into the well and a comparison was made between data of the homogenization temperature analysis of the formed fluid inclusion and those of the temperature log analysis. With relation to the making of deep geothermal structural models, revision was made according to the determination of depths of Miocene formations, Pre-tertiary formations, and the Kakkonda granite. 65 refs., 268 figs., 79 tabs.

  16. Survey report for fiscal 1998 on the survey and study on basic information needs for development of welfare goods; 1998 nendo fukushi yogu kaihatsu kiban joho needs chosa kenkyu chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With an objective to make clear the basic information about aged and handicapped persons requiring welfare goods upon the development thereof, this survey performed a questionnaire survey to business entities performing design, development, improvement and fitting of welfare goods. The questionnaire survey selected 879 business entities involved in manufacture and sale of the welfare goods. The effective reply recovery rate was 19.3%. The questions had the data contents required by products classified into body dimensions, motion capability, sensory functions, and work capability, asking to state data contents required for each item, reasons for the needs, and data sources. The data source currently utilized reveals that most of the replied enterprises utilize data derived from the company's own measurements, developments and experiences. The contents thereof indicate that the data are too old, the data contents do not match the current situation, and no required data are available. In designing, developing and fitting the welfare goods, the required data may not necessarily be obtained, whereas improvement in the database is strongly desired. (NEDO)

  17. Report on the survey of the commercialization of wood biomass energy. Project on the production of wood pellet fuel; 2001 nendo mokushitsu baiomasu energy jigyoka chosa hokokusho. Mokushitsu peretto nenryo seizo jigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-02-01

    For the purpose of regenerating forestry and contributing to the policy for prevention of global warming, a potential study was made of the commercialization of the wood pellet using low-quality wood materials such as thinnings and wood pieces from lumber mill. In the study, based on the survey of raw materials of wood pellet and the demand amount, the scale of pellet production was assumed, and subjects were arranged toward the basic design of plant, evaluation of economical efficiency and commercialization. As a result of the study, the following subjects were extracted. In the study, the supply of lumbers of 2,800 t/y and securing of demand of about 1,600 t/y were set forth as a premise, but the subject was to secure the initial demand. The pellet combustor was higher in price than the kerosene combustor, and for the imported combustion equipment, the combustion of white pellet was supposed. It is necessary to develop combustor of pellets including the bark. In the trial calculation of the unit price of heat utilization (yen/Mcal), the pellet stove was about 3.3 times as high in price as the kerosene stove. It is necessary to reduce the pellet price down to 30 yen/kg or so by decreasing the cost of pellet production. (NEDO)

  18. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the research and development of human sensory measurement application technology. 2. Subject 1; 1998 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Honronhen 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Indexing systems are proposed which cover the combined physiological effects of fatigue and alertness as experienced under typical working conditions. Efforts are made at standardizing measurement and at developing the results into a database. Concerning the impression generated by things and space, programs for standardizing impression measuring techniques on the free declaration basis and for supporting such techniques are completed. A structural impression model construction method is embodied. Based on the visual psychological/physiological quantities and the physical quantity of texture, an indexing equation is completed for indexing the visual sensation created by textile products. Application cases are expanded in which the indices involving physiological sensation, environments, and product compatibility are reflected on the designs of daily-use commodities and living/working circumstances, and new data are accumulated. A perspiration-capable mannequin is completed which enables the estimation of man's sensation upon exposure to heat. For the indexing of physiological sensation, studies are conducted for the improvement of fatigue indexing technological infrastructure and for the indexing of alertness. Mentioned also are environmental compatibility indexing, product compatibility indexing, human sensation database models and measuring manuals, and experiments of application of restful environments. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1998 R and D report on human feeling measurement application technology. Pt. 1. Outline; 1998 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. 1. Gaiyohen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report outlines the fiscal 1998 R and D result on human feeling measurement application technology. For development of assessment technology of the impact of work fatigue on human feeling (human feeling index), and assessment technology of the adaptability and affinity between human being and environment or product (environment and product adaptability index), data storage and evaluation by measuring experiment of human feeling, and modification of every index toward the final index based on the above data were carried out. Further case studies were carried out to reflect the above both indices to design of living products or residence and office environments, and new data were also collected. The database model for using previously collected human feeling data effectively, and the sweating manikin for estimating human thermal feeling reasonably were developed. In addition, the human feeling measurement manual was prepared to diffuse these technologies. The R and D system is also described. (NEDO)

  20. Report on evaluation on endocrine disturbing effect of chemicals and development of test methods; 1999 nendo kagaku busshitsu no naibunpi kakuran koka ni kansuru hyoka oyobi shikenho no kaihatsu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    With regard to endocrine disturbing effect being the new deleteriousness of chemicals, data were collected and evaluated by using the existing testing methods, data were collected by using the screening test, the testing methods were developed, and international investigation was carried out to establish the risk evaluation methods. In the evaluation by using the existing test methods, seven substance groups deficient in deleteriousness data qualitatively and quantitatively were given reproduction toxicity tests to evaluate availability of the endocrine activity. Development of the screening test method has been carried out by participating the validation test by OECD to make the uterotrophic assay method and the Hershberger assay method a test guideline having international matching property. International investigations to establish the risk evaluation were executed on the molecular mechanism of nuclear receptors, the chemical, metabolic and environmental behaviors of endocrine active substances, the effects of the endocrine active substances on experimental animals and human, the utilization thereof for risk assessment in human, and the effects of endocrine disturbance acting substances in wildlife species. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1997 report on the research study for preparation of NEDO`s vision. Biomass energy; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (NEDO vision sakutei ni muketa chosa kenkyu). Biomass energy ni tsuite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research study was made on the current usage, technological development and future subjects of biomass energy. The current use of biomass energy over the world estimated to be nearly a billion t/y oil equivalent. This value is estimated to be only a part of a pure primary biomass yield of 73 billion t/y oil equivalent showing a large supply potential. The evaluation result of a biomass energy potential in the world by GLUE (Global Land Use and Energy Model) considering worldwide biomass flow and competition of land use showed that no change of land use form in advanced areas is predicted, and no production of new biomass energy from forests in advancing areas is also expected. Production of biomass energy from farm products is promising in advanced areas, while the potential of biomass residue is high in advancing areas showing the possibility of energy development. Development of new biotechnologies such as molecular control of bio-production functions is expected to increase biomass resources. 76 refs., 26 figs., 30 tabs.

  2. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on development of 'technology to promote diversification of secondary aluminum alloys'; 1999 nendo aluminium saisei jigane tayoka sokushin gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Discussions were given on aluminum scraps anticipated to be generated in a great quantity mainly from automobiles in the future, with an objective to apply secondary aluminum alloys to automotive field. In the study on alloy contents and characteristics of regenerated aluminum lumps, 5182 and 5052 alloys for automobile structure members and 6000 alloy for panel use were selected as the object. Cast lumps were manufactured on a trial basis varying the concentrations of impurity elements assumed to be mixed into the regenerated material, such as Fe, Si, Zn, and Cu, as well as their cooling speeds. Subsequent processes including rolling were proceeded to evaluate the material properties. These activities have resulted in accumulation of the basic data. For the welding technology on regenerated aluminum material, studies were performed on YAG laser welding. Applicability of the regenerated material as the automobile structure members was recognized by optimizing the basic welding conditions and the basic construction conditions according to each part to be structured. In order to clarify the positioning of the regenerated metal as a resource, investigations were performed on demand trends in the aluminum scrap material, and its recycling trends. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1997 survey report on a feasibility of international collaboration on bio-hydrogen R and D; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (bio suiso seizo gijutsu ni kakawaru kokusai kyoryoku kanosei chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    R and D of the production technology of biohydrogen is an option effective for the world energy supply technology and the world environmental preservation technology in the 21st century. At present, a project named `R and D of the environment harmony type hydrogen production technology` tackles the R and D of the hydrogen production technology using photosynthetic microorganisms, and promotes the R and D in this field from both aspects of a basis and application as seen in a workshop held including interchanges with researchers and research institutes overseas. With the recently increasing interest in bio-hydrogen production technology also overseas, search and bleeding/improvement of microorganisms related to the hydrogen production and utilization technology of biomass have been advancing. For development in this field, it is necessary to construct a widespread research network and promote the comprehensive research and development. In this survey, most of the research institutes visited recognized an importance of international cooperation in this field and agreed to make future research interchanges in a wide range. Based on the survey, a feasibility of concrete international collaboration is searched. 146 refs., 2 figs., 11 tabs.

  4. Museum of water, green and the sun - Marumori. New energy vision of the Marumori Town area; 2001 nendo Marumori machi shin energy vision hokokusho. Chiiki shin energy vision sakutei tou jigyo (Mizu to midori nto taiyo no hakubutsukan Marumori)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2002-03-01

    In Marumori Town, Miyagi Prefecture, a 'new energy vision of the area' was worked out which indicated the assessment of the energy reserved in the town and the course of new energy to be determined in the future. The energy consumption amount of Marumori Town in FY 1999 was estimated at 47,535 kL in crude oil conversion. By sector, the energy consumption amount was the largest in the order of the industrial sector, the transportation sector and the commercial/residential sector. The availability of new energy in Maruyama Town was estimated at approximately 480,585 GJ, of which the solar energy utilization was the largest, 53.1%. The photovoltaic power generation was the next largest, 25.4%, followed by the temperature difference energy (underground water), 8.9%, clean energy car, 7.8%, etc. As a plan for the first introduction of new energy, the following were studied: introduction of photovoltaic power generation facilities to the Marumori Town Office, introduction of new energy to public facilities around the Fudoson Park, introduction of wind power generation facilities to the town-run pasture, construction of the Marumori-type biogas plant, construction of a mini hydroelectric power plant, introduction of clean energy car to public vehicles, introduction of new energy facilities to the area of Kawa-no-Eki (station of the river), etc. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1998 annual report on the exploration and production of functional peptide from unutilized protein resources; 1998 nendo miriyo tanpakushitsugen kara no kinosei pepuchido no tansaku to seisan ni kansuru kenkyu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This project is aimed at promotion of effective utilization of unutilized resources by transforming histidine-containing peptide (anserine), enzymatically hydrolyzed muscle protein present in lean salmon swimming off the Sanriku District in the spawning season, into functional peptide. A reactor system, comprising an enzyme-immobilized column and rotary bioreactor, is investigated to efficiently produce peptide by enzymatically hydrolyzing the water-insoluble muscle protein. Anserine is isolated by ethanol extraction, ion-exchanging and partition chromatography. The TPTZ and ABTS methods are developed for speeding up measurement of the antioxidant activity. The salmon muscle protein is hydrolyzed by 3 types of enzymes, to measure the free radical erasing activity by the ABTS method. The enzymatically hydrolyzed protein is fractionated by gel permeation chromatography. The fractions having a molecular weight of 10,000 or less show strong antioxidant activity. The hydrolyzed protein shows improved activity by the iron rhodanide method when it has histidine at the center of tripeptide, and strong radical erasing function when it has thyrosine or tryptophan at the carboxyl terminal. (NEDO)

  6. Achievement report on research and development of the industrial basic technologies of the next generation in fiscal 1981. Research and development of composite materials; 1981 nendo jisedai sangyo kiban gijutsu itaku kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Fukugo zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1982-03-01

    Described herein are the results of the FY 1981 research and development for composite materials, established by the R and D system for the basic technologies of the next generation. The R and D project for resin-based composite materials involves basic researches on the matrix resins, and surface modification of the reinforcing fibers. The investigations and basic tests are conducted for monolithic molding, other types of molding, and cutting and boring by, e.g., laser beams and water jet. The other related efforts include researches on analysis theories for optimization of strength and rigidity of the composite structures, and development of the optimization programs. For the R and D project for the metal-based composite materials, the efforts are directed to understanding wettability and reactivity of the reinforcing fibers with metals, and development of the techniques for producing various types of preforms and compositing methods. The basic researches are conducted for hot pressing/rolling molding, extrusion/withdrawal, powder molding and melt molding of the composite materials with aluminum alloys as the matrices. The other R and D items include investigations on methods for evaluating qualities for the steps form the stock preparation to production of the final products. (NEDO)

  7. Fiscal 1997 survey report on technology to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas emitted from automobiles; 1997 nendo chosa hokokusho (jidosha kara no onshitsu koka gas haishutsuryo teigen gijutsu no chosa). 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    As to intelligent transport systems (ITS), the paper views the outline of the R and D and diffusion in Europe, the U.S. and Japan and trially estimated the effect of reduction in greenhouse gas, and worked out visions/scenario for diffusion of ITS. As developmental fields contributing to reduction in greenhouse gas, the following were taken up: 1) AVCS (advanced vehicle control system), 2) automatic rates receiving system, 3) traffic management, 4) plans of operation management/allocation of commercial cars, 5) modal shift of the material flow, and 6) public traffic in passenger transportation. As effects by developmental field, 1) and 5) are especially effective. 4) is promising because of its easiness in introduction, and 2) is also a promising technology as a tool to introduce an electronic road pricing system on general roads in future in addition to the effect of reducing heavy traffic by its introduction to expressways. However, the higher the service level on the facility side becomes, the more the traffic demand amount becomes. By how to introduce ITS, it possibly occurs that improvement of the situation will not be made at all on the future vehicle traffic system. 38 refs., 42 figs., 52 tabs.

  8. Fiscal 1998 R and D report on human feeling measurement application technology. Part 2. Main report (2); 1998 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu itaku kenkyu seika hokokusho. 2. Honronhen (2)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report reports case studies on human feeling measurement (physiological index (A), environmental adaptability index (B)) application technology, and product adaptability evaluation technology. In fiscal 1998, a real living simulation experiment was conducted in addition to an integration and verification experiment of indices. As for (A) such as stress, fatigue and stimulus, the composition for every integrated index, verification of its effectiveness under real environment, and the effect of environmental factors on it were studied to improve prediction accuracies, and compose index groups corresponding to various work environments. As for (B), adaptive feeling and fatigue feeling under visual, noisy and thermal environments, its effect on work results, and rest comfortability were studied, and an index formula for predicting subjective evaluation quantities from physical properties was prepared. In the simulation, an operability of monitoring works, the relation between a product index and (A), a lighting effect on night works, bathing and ununiform thermal environment were evaluated. The effect of (A) in real living, and an application guidance were also clarified. The result was adopted for a human feeling manual and database model. (NEDO)

  9. FY1998 survey report on the site surveys on regional situations in improvement in energy consumption (Cambodia and Bangladesh); 1998 nendo energy shohi koritsuka nado chiiki josei genchi chosa hokokusho (Cambodia, Bangladesh) chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In order to promote technical cooperation of Japan with Asia in the energy aspect, site surveys were carried out on improvement in energy consumption efficiency. Electric power supply in Cambodia is made mostly from EDC, whose power generation amount in 1997 was 310 million kwh, while the power sold was 230 million kwh, with 26.1% of the total generation amount, or 80 million kwh being wasted as the loss. Existing power generation facilities are old and small in scale, made by the former Soviet Union making the repair difficult. The loss is enormous because of aging in power distribution facilities, overload operation, and power stealing. The efficiency is extremely poor, whereas improvement in efficiency of the existing facilities is indispensable to cope with the anticipated increase in the demand. In Bangladesh, 90% of the power is generated by using natural gas produced in the eastern part of the country. Many power plants are experiencing decreased efficiency due to the facility aging and insufficient and improper maintenance. The power transmission and distribution departments have had a large loss in power, which has become one of the most important issues. The loss exceeds 30%. The government is trying to achieve efficiency improvement in the electric power business through introducing the principle of competition by establishing new private companies. However, this approach is facing severe objection from the governmental and public labor unions, making the future development opaque. (NEDO)

  10. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Data format for rapid prototyping systems; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Sekiso zokei system yo data format

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Concerning the rapid prototyping (RP) system use new RP format and the related software, the paper promoted the international standardization in consideration of relationships with an international standard, STEP. RP, which is a technology to rapidly prototype a solid body based on the three-dimensional CAD data, is used in various fields of product manufacture, medical field, etc., and is expected to further expand its field of application. In this R and D, an international version of the RP software system developed for domestic use was developed, and at the same time a software was trially manufactured so that the data on STEP/AP203/CC5 and CC6 can be delivered to the system. Moreover, a plan on new AIC51X as the STEP/AIC suitable for PR was studied. Relating to these results, the paper conducted the publicity work to the persons concerned in RP in the U.S. and Europe, and also explained those at ISO/TC184/SC4 (STEP Conference). The PR use interface enabling highly rapid and accurate data processing reached to a stage of the international commercialization, and at the same time the study items were materialized for proposal of the new STEP standards suitable for RP. 18 refs., 80 figs., 12 tabs.

  11. Achievement reports on joint research of solar energy power generation field test project in fiscal 1997. Part 2 of 3; 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden field test jigyo kyodo kenkyu seika hokokusho 2/3

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-08-01

    This report is a collection of 26 achievement reports on joint research of a solar energy power generation field test project. The major contents of the achievement reports relate to the solar energy power generation field test project (summarized as manufacture and installation of solar energy power generation systems, summary of solar energy power generation facilities, peripheral devices, and daily schedule of the construction). The reports describe achievements of the joint research (names and achievements of the joint research, study presentation, lectures, literatures, status of patents, similar research in and cooperation with other research institutions), generalization of the research, and future problems. Locations of the joint research carried out are libraries, kindergartens, health and welfare centers, children's culture centers, general traffic centers, primary and middle schools, river water purifying facilities, credit banks, manufactories, retail shops at car parking areas, office buildings, hospitals, joint prefectural office buildings, municipal health centers, and prefectural general power generation control stations. (NEDO)

  12. Research report for fiscal 1998. Basic research for promoting joint implementation, etc. (modification of heating furnaces of three refineries at Kuiibyshev, Syzran, and Novokuibyshev); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kuiibyshev, Syzran, Novokuibyshev 3 seiyusho kanetsuro kaizo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A study is conducted about the CO2 reduction effect to be achieved by modernizing the 130 tube-type heating furnaces of the above-named three refineries in Russia. Chosen especially for the study are 39 heating furnaces which are the essential refinery facilities that require urgent energy related measures. Based on the outcome of the study, modification plans are formulated and rough designs are drawn, which involve the replacement of antiquated furnaces by high-performance new-design furnaces, installation of waste heat recovery facilities such as preheating convection sections and air preheaters, reinforcement of furnace wall insulation materials, installation of optimal control systems for furnace operation, modification of fuel supply systems for higher efficiency, installation of decoking systems, etc. After the modification, the heating furnace thermal efficiency will be secure at 90% at the lowest. After the application of this energy efficiency enhancement project, CO2 emission will be reduced by approximately 480,000 tons/year for the 39 chosen furnaces or by approximately 1,200,000 tons/year for all the 130 heating furnaces. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on the technological development of super metals. Technology to create iron-based mesoscopic tissue controlling materials; 1998 nendo super metal no gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Tetsukei meso scopic soshiki seigyo zairyo sosei gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Research and development has been carried out on super metals with an objective to draw out properties possessed by iron and steel materials to their maximum extent and further enhance their recycling performance to make them friendly with global environment. The final goal of this project is to 'establish a technology to create micro tissue steel having crystalline particle diameter of about 1 {mu}mm or less and size having thickness of 1 mm or more by making the steel tissues uniform and multiple in phase'. The studies in the current fiscal year were moved forward mainly on obtaining ultra fine crystalline particles of 1 {mu}mm or less, identifying the ideal large distortion processing conditions, and structuring the guidance principles for ultra-fine micronization of the crystalline particles by using large distortion processing. Discussions were also launched on further micronization of crystalline particles by optimizing chemical composition and on expansion of the process windows assuming practical application thereof in industrial scale. Furthermore, material property evaluation was also begun on ultra-fine crystalline particle materials of smaller than 1{mu}mm. As the mesoscopic structure analyzing technology for the ultra-fine crystalline particle materials, an in-lens resolution SEM was introduced, and the basic method was established. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1999 Report on research and development of power storage by high-temperature superconducting flywheel. Research and development of permanent magnet; 1999 nendo koon chodendo flywheel denryoku chozo kenkyu kaihatsu eikyu jishaku no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    The R and D program is implemented for permanent magnet, as part of the project aimed at commercialization of a 10 MWh-class high-temperature superconducting magnetic bearing type power storage system. A speed of rotation of 28,570 rpm is attained by using an iron intermediate ring for a Pr permanent magnet rotator and reinforcing the rotator with a plastic hoop reinforced with carbon fibers three-fold (CFPR hoop). The speed is increased to 31,300 rpm by interlacing carbon fibers also in the radial direction and replacing iron for the intermediate ring by titanium. The highest speed of rotation of 33,506 rpm is realized by the rotator of permanent magnet of sintered Nd. The magnetic circuit of stronger, more smooth magnetic field needs the permanent magnet of less uneven magnetic flux. The magnet is of a monoaxially anisotropic rare-earth metal, with four-fold magnetic ring bodies having fan-shaped small pieces arranged on each ring. Uneven magnetic flux occurs at the joint between these small pieces. The one-body-ring magnet of radially anisotropic, sintered Nd is developed, and incorporated in the repulsion type magnetic circuit, to reduce unevenness of the magnetic flux. (NEDO)

  15. FY 1998 annual summary report on development of powder metallurgy techniques of the next generation by CNC multi-axis forming; 1998 nendo CNC tajiku seikei ni yoru jisedai funmatsu yakin gijutsu no kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This R and D program is aimed at development of a new press, based on the new pressing concept of right-and-left press cycles in addition to the conventional up-and-down press cycles, development of the die suitable for the press, optimization of the pressing conditions, and establishment of the automatic forming techniques for undercut shapes, which are very difficult for the compacts at present, because of the problems associated with, e.g., reproducibility and uniformity of density distribution, as the hardware-related themes. The conventional 5-axis, up-and-down CNC press is provided with the right-and-left pressing mechanism, to enable it to form compacts having an undercut shape. The die and punch of structure and shape suitable for the newly developed press were designed and made. Two mold types by shape are developed, one is for the chip as a cutting tool and the other for the machine part having an undercut. The conditions to control and improve compressive fluidity of the stock powder have been established. The new press forming techniques for the products of high precision and reproducibility have been developed, based on the analysis of the compacts and their sinters. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1999 research report. Basic research for promotion of joint implementation programs (Basic energy efficiency survey at Russia's Severstal Steelworks); 1999 nendo Russia Severstal seitetsusho sho energy kihon chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    In the Kyoto Protocol adopted at COP3 (The 3rd Conference of the Parties), a framework was created of international cooperative efforts for greenhouse gas reduction, such as joint implementation with advanced countries and clean development mechanism construction with developing countries. As part of the above-named NEDO-sponsored project, a survey is conducted at the Severstal Steelworks in the effort to explore projects that will lead to joint implementation. It is then found, concerning the feasibility of introducing large waste heat recovery and energy-saving facilities into the steelworks, that there will be sufficient room if natural gas for the domestic power generators installed at two sites in the steelworks is reduced and that in the energy profile no problems are detected that will impede project implementation. Energy efficiency measure introduction feasibility is examined and the results are shown, which involve sintering furnace modification, sintering cooler waste heat recovery, converter exhaust gas recovery, and TRT (top-pressure recovery turbine) installation. In case all these measure are fully implemented, CO2 emissions will be reduced by 370,000 tons/year. (NEDO)

  17. Fiscal 2000 achievement report on the research and development of medical and welfare apparatus/technology. Microanalysis system of cell information; 2000 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Biryo saibo joho kenshutsu system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    A comprehensive evaluation/verification is conducted of the totality of the microlysis system of cell information that underwent research and development in the preceding fiscal year. The system is examined for its optical detection capabilities, involving scattered light detection and operationality in fluorescence detection and compensation. In the measurement using the forward scatter and side scatter, the system is found to be capable of cell analysis, clearly distinguishing single cells from aggregated cells, live cells from dead cells, and human lymphocytes from monocytes/granulocytes. As for separation, the system is found to be excellent in sorting beads onto the slide, sorting cells into the test tube, evaluation of the sorted cell surviving rate, and in the verification by acquisition of images of sorted cells. Performed for total system evaluation using clinical samples are the analysis of leukemia patients' lymphoid subsets, fluorescence compensation and separation for six colors, CV (coefficient of variation) evaluation and DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) indexing using PI (propidium iodide) stained normal lymphocytes, and the analysis and separation of gynecologic tumor related samples. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on the research and development of medical and welfare apparatus/technology. Microanalysis system of cell information; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Biryo saibo joho kenshutsu system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-05-01

    Efforts were made to develop a microanalysis system of cell information. In the development of element technologies, technologies of CGH (comparative genome hybridization) analysis and DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) microarrays were studied, and it became feasible to detect information on intercellular molecule anomalies, probably to serve as cancer markers, at the chromosome level. In the research on the total system, a 2nd protocol apparatus was designed, built, and evaluated, and target goals involving size reduction and optical detection and isolation capabilities were achieved. In the evaluation of scattered light, the relationship between diameter size and forward scatter light intensity was confirmed using human peripheral blood lymphocytes and cultured cells, which enabled cell identification. In the measurement of the two parameters of forward scatter and side scatter, lymphocytes were clearly isolated from granulocytes/thrombocytes, which made feasible the independent analysis of peripheral blood lymphocytes. Thanks to the 2-parameter measurement, isolation of live cells from dead cells became available. (NEDO)

  19. FY 1998 report on the basic survey for coal resource development (Summary). New exploration technology survey and development (land area shallow seam exploration); 1998 nendo sekitan shigen kaihatsu kiso chosa hokokusho. Shintansa gijutsu chosa kaihatsu (rikuiki senso tansa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The paper described the FY 1998 results of the development of new exploration technology of coal resource. The detailed design was made based on the conceptual design of a high accuracy 3D geological modeling system in the FY 1997 equipment development. The expression of the reverse fault, excess folding, etc., which has been difficult, became possible, and high-level visualization of the geological model made became possible. The prototype model in Caroona district as survey field is easy of expression of fault, folding, etc. By the increase of data on test boring, made clear were geological characteristics of this area, especially the complicated geological state of Black Jack Formation groups of the coal-bearing formation. In explaining the reflection section, after roughly identifying 5 horizons from features of the total reflection patterns, reflection waves were explained from specified reflected waves, that is, the base of the Quaternary, the top of the Doona coal seam group, the base of the Clift coal seam group, and the top of the Hoskissons coal seam. By adopting the S-wave reflection method which is effective in converting in-situ numerical values such as the rock-mass related elastic modulus, compressive strength and rigidity ratio, an outlook for getting data of good quality was obtained in VSP survey. (NEDO)

  20. Fiscal 1998 research report on the development trends of natural gas conversion technologies into liquefied fuel in Russia; 1998 nendo Roshia ni okeru tennen gas no ekitai nenryoka gijutsu no kaihatsu doko nado ni kansuru chosa kenkyu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Russia having natural gas resources largest in the world is actively promoting the basic research on liquefaction technology of natural gas such as Fischer-Tropsch (FT) synthetic catalyst, and its research potential is extremely high. This 3-year research project surveys the R and D trends of catalyst technology for liquefaction of natural gas, and fabricates the prototype FT synthetic catalyst based on the idea of Russian researchers to evaluate its feasibility experimentally. This report summarizes the following to clarify the research background: (1) The technology system for liquefaction of natural gas, and its future R and D trend, (2) The R and D trends of liquefaction technology of natural gas in the world, (3) The R and D trends of liquefaction technology of natural gas in Russia, (4) The research system of catalyses in Russia, (5) The activities of Russian catalysis research institutes, (6) The fuel liquefaction technologies of Russian major research institutes, and (7) The proposals from Russian research institutes. (NEDO)

  1. FY 1999 report on the results of the technology development for abatement of pollutants related to oil refining; 1999 nendo sekiyu seisei osen busshitsu teigen nado gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The technologies are developed for efficiently, economically improving quality of automobile fuels by, e.g., abatement of environmental pollutants present in the oil products. For improvement of hydrodesulfurization rate of gas oil deep hydrodesulfurization process, the catalyst components high in isomerization ability of the hard-to-desulfurize compounds are investigated, and effectiveness of zeolite is confirmed. For production of low-sulfur gas oil by hydrodesulfurization and hydrocracking of heavy oil, the catalyst with small pores is preferable for desulfurization of gas oil as the co-product of the treatment of heavy oil in the presence of catalyst for heavy oil desulfurization. For hydrocracking, the catalysts are prepared, on a trial basis, for achieving the target gas oil sulfur content of 10ppm or less by optimizing the zeolite and matrix properties. For suitability of gas oil qualities, it is found that the hydrogenation step is the rate-determining step among the reaction routes involved in the hydrogenation of difficult-to-desulfurize compounds. The data of low-sulfur gas oil qualities in Europe are collected. (NEDO)

  2. Research cooperation report for fiscal 1997 on the environment-friendly system for effectively utilizing water resources; 1997 nendo kankyo taiogata mizushigen yuko riyo system ni kansuru kenkyu kyoryoku itaku gyomu hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    This effort exerted in cooperation with the Philippines aims to solve problems related to water resources such as stable supply and pollution of water through developing a waste water treatment/water reuse system which is easy to operate and maintain, and low in price. The ultimate goal includes (1) the construction of a waste water treatment/water reuse system comprising an anaerobic reaction tank and activated charcoal absorption tower, easy to operate and maintain, and low in price, (2) the employment of goods procurable in the Philippines, the goods including carriers for use in the anaerobic reaction tank, microbes for use in both aerobic and anaerobic reaction tanks, and activated charcoal for use in waste water reutilization, and (3) the establishment of optimum operating conditions for the waste water treatment/water reuse system by use of a pilot plant and the transfer of operating and managing techniques to the Filipino counterpart. In this fiscal year, investigations are conducted to disclose the actualities of waste water treatment and water consumption by primary industries in the vicinity of Laguna de Bay, and the waste water to be the object of study and the place of pilot plant installation have been selected. Also conducted are investigations into the carrier, microbe, activated charcoal, etc., for use in the anaerobic reaction tank. (NEDO)

  3. Research and development project in fiscal 1989 for fundamental technologies for next generation industries. Achievement report on research and development on high-efficiency polymer separating film materials; 1989 nendo kokoritsu kobunshi bunrimaku zairyo no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1990-03-01

    With an objective to improve efficiency and energy conservation in separation processes used in the chemical industry, researches have been performed on high-efficiency liquid separating film and air separating film materials. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1989. With regard to molecule recognizing films, researches were made on oxygen and carbon monoxide carriers, and on the elementary technology for fabricating the carrier films. In the research of metal complex fixing thin films, discussions were given on causes for deactivation in complex films. In the research of high-functional complex films, discussions were given on the structure of polymer ligand/carrier complex system solid films, and on oxygen adsorption and desorption properties. Solid film structures were selected that suit the oxygen separating films. In the research of alcohol condensation films, discussions were given on polydimethylsiloxane constituent that shows ethanol selectivity and permeability, and a multi-phase system polymeric film composed of one other constituent. In the research of water-acetic acid separating films, the basic performance of polyurea film was discussed, and evaluation was given by means of a durability test. In the research of particle separation method utilizing liquid films, a prototype continuous particle separating device was fabricated. (NEDO)

  4. 1998 report on development of high-efficiency waste power generation technology. 2. Development of waste gasification and ash melting power generation technology; 1998 nendo kokoritsu haikibutsu hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Haikibutsu gas ka yoyu hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In regard to waste gasification and ash melting power generation, a basic test and examination were conducted in fiscal 1998, with a full-scale development test made ready to start. In the development of technology for raising steam temperature, evaluation of high temperature corrosivity of SH materials and development of high-temperature dust removal system were carried out for example, as were development of dechlorination technology for thermal decomposition process and development of ceramic high-temperature air heater. In the development of technology to prevent exhaust gas reheating, preliminary examination was made on denitrification technologies using a catalyst with superior low-temperature activity. In the development of technology to reduce self-heat melting critical calorific value, investigation and basic test were carried out concerning a stable waste feed system, with a pilot test device experimentally manufactured and tested based on the findings. In the development of technology for reducing external fuel input, examination and analysis were performed on pretreatment techniques for waste plastics, with basic data obtained for a waste blowing system project. In addition, the thermal decomposition and combustion characteristics of waste plastics were clarified by the basic test. (NEDO)

  5. FY 1999 Report on the results of research and development of robot systems in harmony with human beings; 1999 nendo ningen kyocho kyozongata robot system kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 1999 results of the research and development of the robot systems in harmony with human beings. The human-assisting robot is 160cm high, 60cm wide and 99kg or less in weight, and can move on a surface with irregularities of {+-} 2cm at a maximum speed of 2km/h by the bipedal motion. It can also climb up stairs with 20cm high steps at a maximum speed of 1.5 seconds per step, and has two arms which can lift an object of 2 to 10kg in weight. It is provided with functions of inputting three-dimensional visual information and of communication with audio. The project has verified the target functions by testing the single, commercial-size robot, and demonstrated its functions as the integrated system by connecting it to the remotely controlled platform. The other items of the project include the tests in which the dynamics simulator is integrated with other modules; development of the computation algorithm for kinematic chain dynamics; development of the basic robot-motion library for the whole body motion of the robot, for which the additional simulation functions are provided, the interfaces are developed, and motion speed is increased; confirmation of the motions (e.g., stamping, walking forward and backward, and turning) by integrating the motion control simulator for an imaginary robot with the commercial-size robot; and studies on limitations of the motion environments and social effects, e.g., laws and regulations. (NEDO)

  6. Fiscal 2000 report on results of R and D of welfare techno-system in West Ward, Kobe City; 2000 nendo walfare techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Kobe-shi Nishi-ku) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    R and D was conducted on devices for promoting self-support, mitigating nursing care, and improving safety and comfort for the elderly and the disabled, with the fiscal 2000 results reported. In the development of a wheelchair system (small arm sling mountable on a wheelchair) capable of assisting self-support for eating and vocational activity at home, a mounting device of an arm sling was experimentally manufactured for five different types of wheelchairs. In the research on the welfare device support system at a disaster or emergency, the system was modified based on the result of the system operation in the preceding year. Consequently, it became possible to make use of a power from a solar battery, a storage battery and an utility line, and also to reduce instantaneous interruption caused by switching of the self-sustaining operation for example. Further, a load control adaptor linked with an inverter was developed, enabling the system to use electricity for a long period even at the time of power failure. In addition, a conventional simple charge/discharge control was found to cause a marked deterioration in storage cell properties; hence, an accurate charge controller was added. (NEDO)

  7. Report on achievements in fiscal 1999 on research and development of the Welfare Techno-system (Nishi Ward, Kobe); 1999 nendo Welfare Techno system kenkyu kaihatsu (Kobe-shi Nishi-ku) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Research and development has been performed on devices to enhance autonomy, safety and comfort for elderly and handicapped people in houses and homes. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In developing wheelchairs to allow autonomy in meal taking and working at homes, a small upper arm holding device that can be installed on a wheelchair was fabricated on the trial basis according to the experience obtained in making the first prototype in the previous fiscal year, and clinical evaluation was given. In the research and development on a safe walk assisting appliance for elderly and handicapped people, development, improvement and trial fabrication were carried out on a caster in which the brake will not work during walking, but it works automatically in a sudden movement such as falling down. In developing an environment information transmitting system for elderly and handicapped people, a first prototype fabrication was performed on a system to detect sound of an alarm or vibration caused by knocking a door, and convey information to elderly and handicapped people by utilizing the communication services including the commercially available cellular phones. In the research on a welfare device support system for use in disaster and emergency, design and structuring were carried out on a nighttime electric power utilizing system having solar cells combined with storage batteries. Related data were measured. (NEDO)

  8. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the research on the development of high-performance industrial furnaces. Volume 3; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho (koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusto)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A R and D was conducted for the purpose of developing remarkable energy conservation/CO2 reduction technologies. In fiscal 1997, the five working groups about the following were formed to have animated discussions: the basic research, heating furnace, heat treatment furnace, melting furnace, and tubular heating furnace. The research subjects are the pursuit/deepening of the base study on flame structures in high temperature air combustion, critical heat recovery of the system in high temperature air combustion, examination of the basic common technology on the ultimate optimization of the material heat transfer, construction of general-purpose experimental database, setting-up of design standards for general-purpose high-performance industrial furnaces, presentation of examples of the actual trial design based on the design standards and feasibility study of the practical application, preparatory support of the field test project on high-performance industrial furnaces for commercialization/diffusion/spread, etc. Further, how to arrange the developmental results was studied to make the results of the project useful for study of the prompt commercialization. 442 refs., 1444 figs., 311 tabs.

  9. FY 1998 survey report on the feasibility study of environmental cooperation in environmental protection technology, system, etc. for spread to developing countries; 1998 nendo kankyo taisaku gijutsu seidonado no tojokoku fukyu ni kakawaru kankyo kyoryoku kanosei chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The paper arranged the present situation and the problems of environmental cooperation for developing countries, and studied based thereon how to cooperate in environmental protection for developing countries in the future. At the same time, it arranged the problems/subjects posed when environment-related companies in Japan try to transfer environmental technology to developing countries, for the purpose of using them as data in studying possibility of reviewing the environmental cooperation presently conducted. A view on environmental cooperation is that as security of mankind, it is necessary to help developing countries in technology/knowledge/fund. However, a trial calculation indicated that the initial investment of 11.1 trillion yen is needed only for desulfurization and water treatment in China and ASEAN countries. Such a huge amount of money cannot be paid at all even by developed countries. As the support of environmental protection measures, the one also including energy and resource is needed. Further, the support of environmental protection measures should be the one that has the exhibition effect and influential effect, promotes efforts of developing countries' own, and pushes independent environmental measures forward. From this point of view, a study was made on what the details of the environmental cooperation should be like. (NEDO)

  10. Report on achievements of research and development of an automatic sewing system in fiscal 1985. Total system; 1985 nendo jido hosei system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Total system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1986-03-01

    This paper describes the total system, extracted from the achievement report for fiscal 1985 on developing an automatic sewing system. In the study of automating the production system by apparel types, basic and multiple type developments were studied on five representative types of apparels by fiscal 1984. As a result, fiscal 1985 has made it possible to narrow the trial wear down to one type which incorporates characteristics of the five apparel types. It was made possible to focus the study on this type to perform the automation study on the sewing system. Automation procedure was made clear step by step on the series of works including collar fitting, sleeve fitting, side matching, and hem processing as the three-dimensional sewing system being the core technology in the automatic sewing system. Studies from the hardware aspect were executed in the process formation utilizing the new technologies. In the automation study from the production system point of view, the FMS and FA technologies were utilized, and device control was advanced by using NC as the base. In order to complete the study, networking of information and software are important. A simulation program was prepared for the optimized sewing process mixed flexible flow, which incorporates multi-functional stations. (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1996 on the research and development of human sensory measurement application technology. 2. Subject; 1996 nendo ningen kankaku keisoku oyo gijutsu no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. 2. Honronhen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In relation with fatigue indexing basics in the study of physiological sensation indexing technologies, an indexing system prototype is built, covering muscular fatigue due to a restrained working attitude and mental fatigue due to the load of psychological activities. Features of each fatigue/alertness stage are analyzed, and the time-dependent correlations between the change in psychological quantities and the combined physiological change is also analyzed. In the study of environmental compatibility indexing, color temperatures of office interior, amenity, and spatial dimension indexing are taken up. The impression of office space is analyzed. Highly reliable technologies in pursuit of psychological sensation are established, and efforts are made at indexing environmental compatibility by analyses of physical quantities affecting psychological sensation, and of brain waves. Test methods for habituation to noise are discussed, and relations between the sensations of habituation and fatigue/obstruction are quantified. In relation with product compatibility indexing technologies, products' compatibility with operator's attitude, the line of sight, and loads on human beings is evaluated. Discussed also is the application of the indices involving physiological sensation, environments, and product compatibility to products for daily life and to the designing of living and working environments. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Ultra high-speed/high precision MRI system for brain function measurement; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Chokosoku/museido no kino keisoku MRI system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    With an objective to realize an MRI system that can measure magnetic change in hemoglobin in blood associated with activation of localized brain area caused by stimuli, and can measure brain functions safely and quickly, development will be made on a different stimuli generating device, a high-sensitivity high frequency coil, and brain function image data processing technology. In developing the different stimuli generating device, a sequencer was fabricated, which generates TTL signals with high time resolution according to a program. Fabrication was also made on a stimulus generator to generate such stimuli as taste, odor, temperature, and vibration, and a stimulus presenter, as well as a stimulus controller for control thereof. An ANR experiment was performed for acoustic stimulation, and a simple feed forward control circuit was fabricated, which is specialized on noise from the MRI equipment. A QD 4-channel coil for clinical experiments was made as a high-sensitivity high frequency coil. The coil was used to perform simulative linear 8-channel reception, where sensitivity 2.1 times higher than that of conventional bird cage coils was obtained. It was verified that the brain function image data processing can be implemented by changing the system from a workstation to a personal computer, making it possible to perform the processing at 2 to 3 times higher speed. (NEDO)

  13. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. {sup 13}C magnetic resonance spectroscopy system for noninvasive measurement of brain metabolism; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Mushinryakuteki no taisha keisokuyo {sup 13}C-MRS sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    With an objective to develop element technologies for a {sup 13}C-MRS system, second-phase development and evaluation were performed on {sup 13}C chemical compounds. {sup 13}C-L-DOPA was administered to rats to evaluate its metabolism. Furthermore, 2,5-{sup 13}C glucose was synthesized by using 2-{sup 13}C-glycerol as the raw material. Then, the synthesized 2,5-{sup 13}C glucose was evaluated by using rats, and measurements were made on glutamine and glutamate identified by {sup 13}C using {sup 13}C-MRS of extracts from the rats' brains. An attempt of up-scaling was made as the second phase development on L-glutamine-2-{sup 13}C having been regarded useful as a result of the animal test, by which about three times as large yield was obtained. Evaluations were given toward the clinical test on whether there is magnetic stimulation in living organisms as a result of gradient magnetic field coil drive, on electrical safety of the high-frequency type drive, and on variation in system data within a day and among the days, whereas no problems have been verified in executing the clinical test. The current fiscal year has executed overall evaluation, and succeeded in obtaining signals from 5-{sup 13}C glucose metabolite in the monkey and human volunteer tests. (NEDO)

  14. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Ultra high-speed/high precision MRI system for brain function measurement (rationalization of energy use); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Chokosoku/koseido no kino keisoku MRI system (energy shiyo gorika)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    With an objective to realize an MRI system that can measure brain functions safely and quickly by measuring magnetic change in hemoglobin in blood associated with activation of localized brain area caused by stimuli, development is made on a super-ultra high speed sequence verification system. The current fiscal year has manufactured a prototype total system and developed the element technologies. Contrivances were given on shapes of the high frequency pulse having been developed by the last fiscal year to generate signals continuously. Transfer to the total system was completed on energy saving type super-ultra high speed photographing sequence which is capable of photographing at higher speed than the echo planner photographing method. Its operation was also confirmed. From the above results, a prospect was obtained that reduction of energy consumption may be realized by making the through-put higher by utilizing the decreased photographing time for diagnostic and therapeutic demands of encephalopathy patients anticipated in the future. Discussions were given by the development committee on the specifications for the prototype equipment, investigations were performed on research trends on the brain function MRI systems available inside and outside the country, detailed design of the prototype equipment was completed, and trial fabrication was carried out. (NEDO)

  15. Fiscal 1998 research report on development of the advanced industrial furnace (R and D on the advanced industrial furnace). Volume 3; 1998 nendo koseino kogyoro no kaihatsu ni kansuru kenkyu seika hokokusho. Koseino kogyoro nado ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    This report summarizes the research results of the chapter 4 and 5 (experimental database) from the research report on development of the advanced industrial furnace. The chapter 4 summarizes functions of the temperature performance evaluation simulator of the advanced continuous heating furnace for the database system, and various research results obtained by the simulator. This chapter also summarizes the research result on the applicability of high-temperature air combustion to other industries, the patent research result on heat storage combustion technology, the basic technology research result, and the reaction analysis result by FLUENT. The chapter 5 summarizes the combustion experiment data collection by developing self-completion high-temperature high-radiation heating technology. As for R and D on technology optimizing the profile of heating furnaces, the following data are summarized: measurement data of heat transfer in furnaces and heat flux data at right overhead furnace temperature under cold air and preheated air combustion in conventional furnaces, and heat storage combustion. (NEDO)

  16. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the international standardization R and D. Standardization of the optical evaluation method of the performance of shape stability of the apparel; 1997 nendo seika hokokusho kokusai hyojun soseigata kenkyu kaihatsu. Apareru seihin no keitai antei seino no kogakuteki hyoka hoho no hyojunka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of proposing the optical evaluation method of appearance of the apparel as an international standard, studies were made of the following: 3D determination/assessment method, development of mannequin holders, development of shape-retentive cubic replicas, washing/drying conditions, etc. As to the shape retention, cubic replicas for collars and cuffs were manufactured and inputted as image data. Besides, as to the evaluation items such as wrinkles, seam-puckering and pleats, the class determining algorithm was made by comparison between the measuring data and the results of the human-sight measurement. These were embodied into mannequin holders and integrated into the optical 3D instrumental system, which was discussed as a 3D determination/assessment system. By the development of the 3D measuring system and image analysis program, a comprehensive evaluation system was developed which can determine/assess the performance of shape stability of the apparel optically as absolute evaluation. This method will be internationally proposed as an optical evaluation method of the appearance of the apparel. 86 figs., 8 tabs.

  17. Research report for fiscal 1998 on the basic research on the promotion of joint implementation and so forth. Project for converting Russian Federation's Amursk coal-fired power plant into natural gas-fired power plant; 1998 nendo Roshia renpo AMURSK sekitandaki hatsudensho tennen gas nenryo tenkan keikaku chosa hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    A study is made about the application of joint implementation, which is one of the flexibility measures adopted by the Third Session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, to a coal-fired power plant of Amursk, Russian Federation, for conversion of its fuel to natural gas. An only 40km-long pipeline will enable the plant to receive natural gas. A 200MW-class combined cycle plant will be added. Only 2 of the 9 existing boilers will be modified for use as backups. Since the price of electricity or heat is quite low, the facilities as they are will not fulfill the cost-performance goal. If the power rate is slightly hiked or the construction cost is reduced by 20%, however, the expected goal will be achieved. Fuel conversion and improved thermal efficiency will result in a 980,000-ton per year reduction in CO2, and a cumulative CO2 reduction of 24,230,000 tons will realize by the end of the plant service life of 25 years. The rate of the cumulative reduction against the invested capital will be 0.115 tons of CO2 per one US dollar. As for the term of works, 1 year and 8 months (January 2000-August 2001) will be necessary for preparation, and 2 years and 7 months (September 2001-March 2004) for the construction, a total of 4 years and 3 months. The reduced discharge of smoke and dust and SOx will greatly improve on the environment. (NEDO)

  18. Fiscal 1998 achievement report. Coal liquefaction technology development - Bituminous coal liquefaction technology development - Study for supporting pilot plant - Study using 1t/d PSU (Study of operation using PSU); 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu - Rekiseitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu - Pilot plant no shien kenkyu - 1t/d process support unit (PSU) ni yoru kenkyu (PSU ni yoru unten kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    The operation of a 1t/d PSU (process support unit) was studied for the NEDOL coal liquefaction process. For the modification of facilities, product oil reforming facilities were installed. In the coal injection operation, a 59-day slurry operation was carried out using Tanito Harum coal, which was for the evaluation of the reforming effect under the product reforming conditions, operationality, and liquefaction characteristics. A 37-day slurry operation was also performed using Chinese coal, which was intended to pursue improved cost performance and to collect the light oil fraction in the flow of reforming operation. In the operation for maintenance, investigations were conducted into conditions for hydrogenation in a 1-through operation involving the solvent hydrogenation process and the normal pressure distillation facilities and into the effect of pre-hydrogenation solvent properties, which aimed at grasping the effect of product oil reforming measures and their influence on operationality. In the survey of environments, the properties of wastewater from the liquefaction process using Tanito Harum coal were studied and toxicity evaluation tests were conducted for activated sludge. (NEDO)

  19. Fiscal 1998 research report. Improvement project of low-grade coals in Chongqing City, China for CO{sub 2} reduction (Feasibility study on the production business of coal- biomass briquette); 1998 nendo chosa hokokusho. CO{sub 2} sakugen no tame no Chuka Jinmin Kyowakoku Jukei chokkatsushi no teihin'i sekitanshitsu no kaizen project (Bio briquette seizo jigyo no chosa)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Feasibility study was made on the effect of introduction of production technology of coal-biomass briquette (Japanese coal improvement technology) in Chongqing City on reduction of greenhouse effect gases and acid rain causative substances, and sustainable economic growth. The study result on the feasibility of this project and reduction of greenhouse effect gases was summarized. In this feasibility study, Japan-China joint field survey, and both proximate and ultimate analyses of obtained raw materials were carried out. Based on the experimental result in the pilot briquette plant in Chongqing City, study was made on the necessary of the 1 Mtons/y class pilot plant in the pilot area including Nantong coal mine in Chongqing City, and the location, investment, production cost and distribution means of the plant. Based on the evaluation result on CO{sub 2} reduction effect, economical efficiency, environment effect and social effect, its urgency and effectiveness as international cooperation project by yen credit were also confirmed. It is extremely important to promote localization of the plant in the future. (NEDO)

  20. Achievement report on developing coal liquefaction technologies in fiscal 1998 - edition B. Development of bituminous coal liquefaction technology (studies by using pilot plant) 2/2; 1998 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho B. 2/2. Rekiseitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (pilot plant ni yoru kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With an objective to improve the environment by substituting petroleum energy by coal, and by reducing emission of SOx and NOx, research and development has been performed on coal liquefaction technologies. This paper summarizes the achievements thereof in fiscal 1998. In the operation study, the coal charging operation has been carried out for 269 days (6,169 hours) in total since the operation has been launched, and the targets were achieved. In the facility repairs, periodical inspections were performed including daily maintenance during the operation, the legal inspection on the boiler and the pressure vessel of the category one after completing the RUN-5, and disassembling and opening inspections on other devices. After having completed the RUN-6 and 7, the final verification inspection and the facility rinsing were performed after the operation studies have been completed. The data acquired in the facility maintenance were summarized as part of the technological package after the assessment. The investigative researches have executed development of a liquefying reaction simulator, tests and investigations on pulverization of the liquefying catalyst, evaluation on the activity of the used hydrogenating catalyst, and investigation on the effect of the coal liquefaction facilities and products on the environment. The technologies were investigated on coal liquefaction, and the plans for disassembling studies were established. (NEDO)

  1. Achievement report on developing coal liquefaction technologies in fiscal 1998 - edition B. Development of bituminous coal liquefaction technology (studies by using pilot plant) 1/2; 1998 nendo sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho B. 1/2. Rekiseitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu (pilot plant ni yoru kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    With an objective to improve the environment by substituting petroleum energy by coal, and by reducing emission of SOx and NOx, research and development has been performed on coal liquefaction technologies. This paper summarizes the achievements thereof in fiscal 1998. In the operation study RUN-5, the operation was carried out by using the Tanito Harum coal of Indonesia, and raising the slurry concentration to 50% by weight. The operation stability when the high concentration slurry was used was verified, and the liquefying reaction column fluidity property data, and the material balance and heat balance data were acquired by using the NAT method. In the RUN-6 and 7, for the purpose of verifying the applicability of the NEDOL process to the wide range of coal types as the process feature, the Adaro coal of Indonesia and the Ikejima coal of Japan were used, and the operation at high slurry concentration was performed at 80% load and under the standard NEDOL conditions. The operation stability when the upper and lower limit coals was used was verified, and the operability at high slurry concentration was identified. At the same time, the liquefying reaction column fluidity property data, and the material balance and heat balance data were acquired. The development targets established by the Industrial Technology Council have all been achieved. (NEDO)

  2. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on development of power generation using fuel cells. Research and development of molten carbonate fuel cell (II-2, text of the achievement); 1998 nendo nenryo denchi hatsuden gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Yoyu tansan'engata nenryo denchi hatsuden system no kenkyu kaihatsu (II-2, kenkyu seika no honbun)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    The effort aims at developing a 1000kW-class power plant and also at using gasified coal as fuel in the future. The fuel system facilities include a high-temperature blower. The exhaust heat recovery facilities comprise a heat recovery steam generator (HRSG) and a turbine compressor. As for the electrical system facilities, an inverter is installed, tested, and adjusted. Control system facilities are also tested and adjusted. In relation with the operation of the plant, coordination is conducted about technological and process-related matters with the Kawagoe thermal power station of Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc., where the fuel cell power plant is to be constructed, which is for the smooth execution of a test run. Ceramic-based cathode materials are being developed, which is for the fabrication of stacks improved in performance, higher in current density, longer in life, and lower in cost. Also exerted are efforts at developing multiple-function electrolyte plates and metallic materials (for example for separator plating). The extent of the acceptability of impurities concentration and gas refining systems are also under study, which is to prepare for future coal gasification. Reference is also made to the study of a total system. (NEDO)

  3. Fiscal 1997 achievement report. Coal liquefaction technology development - Bituminous coal liquefaction technology development - Study for supporting pilot plant - Study using 1t/d PSU (Study of operation using PSU); 1997 nendo seika hokokusho. Sekitan ekika gijutsu kaihatsu - Rekiseitan ekika gijutsu no kaihatsu - Pilot plant no shien kenkyu - 1t/d process support unit (PSU) ni yoru kenkyu (PSU ni yoru unten kenkyu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The operation of a 1t/d PSU (process support unit) was studied for the NEDOL coal liquefaction process. In the modification of facilities, equipment and devices were procured for the product oil reforming facilities and their installation was partly accomplished. In the coal injection operation, a 60-day slurry operation was conducted, using coal types of the upper limit and lower limit qualities, for expanding the scope of coal types applicable to the NEDOL process and for exploring optimum conditions, and another operation of 37 days was conducted using Chinese coal and Chinese-prepared liquefaction catalysts, and the two operations were studied for difference in yields and in operationality. Characteristics of the liquefaction reactors were investigated and basic studies were made relative to the physical property of the yielded coal oil. In the operation for maintenance, the 1st liquefaction reactor was singly operated for an 8-day slurry operation, which was to check the progress of liquefaction in a 1-reactor setup. Concerning the reforming of the product oil, the hydrogenation reactors were checked for their response to temperature control. Moreover, hydrogenation solvents were produced for the PSU and for China. (NEDO)

  4. FY 2000 report on the survey of geological structures overseas, etc. Volume 1. 'Tanjung Enim IV Coal Exploration Project between Japan and Indonesia'; 2000 nendo kaigai chishitsu kozo nado chosa hokokusho. 1. Nippon Indonesia sekitan kyodo tansa Tanjung Enim project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The paper summarized the results of the surveys in the final fiscal year (FY 2000) and in the past five years of the Tanjung Enim IV Coal Exploration Project between Japan and Indonesia. In FY 2000, conducted in the South Arahan area were the surface reconnaissance (50km+ACI-2), boring survey (11 holes, 1,847m), borehole physical logging (11 holes), reflection method seismic survey (3 traverse lines), pumping test, coal analysis (112 specimens), etc. As a result of the exploration/study made during 5 years, coal reserves in the South Arahan area were 223 million tons in north block (proved coal reserves: 213 million tons) and 332 million tons (proved coal reserves: 303 million tons) in south block. The coal in the area is in the depth of {+-}0m from surface, and the coal reserve is enough for large scale open pit mining. Further, coal reserves in the Banjarsari area were 442 million tons (proved coal reserves: 330 million tons) in the whole area and 223 million tons (proved coal reserves: 214 million tons) in the syncline part. About the syncline part promising as that for open pit mining, the overburden ratio was divided into three for calculation: 2:1, 3:1 and 4:1 or below. (NEDO)

  5. FY 2000 survey report on the project for preparation of the international energy utilization rationalization basis. 1st volume. Survey/study for the spread of energy conservation technology; 2000 nendo chosa hokokusho. Kokusai energy shiyo gorika kiban seibi jigyo (Sho energy gijutsu no fukyu no tameno chosa kenkyu to - 1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    In China which is the largest energy consumption country in the Asian region and has much room for the spread of energy conservation technology, investigational study was made with the aim of widely spreading energy conservation technology and solving environmental problems. To grasp energy supply/demand in China, environmental problems, industrial structure and social system, it is necessary to have process for establishment of data monitoring method, construction of database and model simulation. Proposal for model simulation was made. Further, to make macro-basis assessment of potentiality of energy conservation and environmental effect by sector in China, following the previous fiscal year, study was made on the electric power industry, where there is big potentiality of heightening energy utilization efficiency but the rationalization is not proceeded with. Moreover, in this fiscal year, energy demand is expected to increase with the growing economy, and the traffic field which has a great effect on the environment was added to the investigational research. (NEDO)

  6. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on auxiliary New Sunshine Project. Development of coal hydrogasification technology (Survey and research on its social acceptability); 1999 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Sekitan suiso tenka gaska gijutsu kaihatsu - Shakai tekigo sei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to evaluate feasibility of practical use and economy of the coal hydrogasification technology (the ARCH process), survey and research have been performed. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the survey on the social acceptability, survey has been made on the future trend in the demand and supply and the price of LNG, LPG, and coal for hydrogasification. As a result, it was discovered that the price of LNG imported into Japan is determined as if linked with the crude oil price, and Saudi Arabia is the price leader of the LPG price. With respect to the survey on the possibility of international cooperation, surveys were conducted on the prospects of the long-term demand and supply in China, natural gas resources, and the demand and supply thereof. The feasibility study has estimated the product gas manufacturing cost after the process has been improved. In the trial calculation on the three-mode cost, it was discovered that, although the profit from byproducts is great, the BTX maximized mode causes the manufacturing cost to be higher by as much as 2 to 3 yen per Nm{sup 3} than that of other modes because of higher unit consumption in raw materi