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Sample records for hoko hojo sochi

  1. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. Esophageal vocalization aid system; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Shokudo hassei hojo sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    Development has been made on element technologies for an esophageal vocalization aid system. With regard to the speaker, selection and trial production were performed on a speaker used for a phono-coupler to be used in coupling with a telephone transmitter. Performance not differing from that in the currently used telephone set was obtained in the overall characteristics evaluation using a dummy telephone circuitry. For the microphone, two kinds of hands-free microphones were fabricated on a trial basis. In order to develop pitch extraction and amplitude pitch conversion systems, pitch extraction performances were compared and discussed on the following five methods: the auto-correlation method, the Cepstram method, the average magnitude difference function (AMDF) method, the simplified inverse filter tracking (SIFT) method, and the time-domain excitation extractor using minimum perturbation operator (TEMPO) method. The hauling phenomenon, having come up as a problem in an auxiliary digital device, was analyzed to discuss methods for prevention thereof. In developing a voice/unvoiced distinction judgment method, a method using low domain power and high domain power was discussed. Development has been made on exclusive ICs, a voice analyzer, and the using feeling enhancing technology. In developing a total system, a digital unit incorporated esophageal vocalization aid system was developed and improved. (NEDO)

  2. #SochiProblems: Ignorance or Arrogance? / #SochiProblems: ¿ignorancia o arrogancia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander V. Laskin

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The study focuses on the twitter conversations about the XXII Winter Olympics Games in Sochi, Russia. Specifically, the study collects and performs content analysis of the tweets tagged with the hashtag #SochiProblems. This study draws a random sample of tweets from every day of the games to achieve a 99% confidence level with 5% confidence interval and uses the framing theory to analyze this sample. The results allow us to determine what substantive and affective frames dominated in the twitter conversations tagged with #SochiProblems hashtag and what was the main focus of the tweets’ content.

  3. Sochi Market Analysis as a Health Tourism Destination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadezhda K. Serdyukova

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers major characteristics of Sochi market as a health tourism destination, analyses the structure of resort collective accommodation facilities, dynamics of tourist flows and their structure, prevailing kinds of tourism and estimates tourist flows of health tourism in Sochi in 2008-2012. The authors indicate major characteristics and trends of Sochi tourist market development and the prospects of Sochi development as a health tourism destination. The percent of health tourist flow in the general tourist flow of Sochi and the percent of domestic tourist flow in the sector of collective accommodation facilities are estimated. The authors came to the conclusion that to develop tourism in Sochi in post-Games period, it is necessary to promote Sochi as a health tourism destination.

  4. Magnetostratigraphy and Tectonic Rotation of the Eocene-Oligocene Makah and Hoko River Formations, Northwest Washington, USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald R. Prothero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Eocene-Oligocene Makah Formation and subjacent middle Eocene Hoko River Formation of the northwestern Olympic Peninsula, Washington, yield mollusks, crustaceans, foraminifera, and early neocete whales; their age has never been precisely established. We sampled several sections; most samples showed a stable single-component remanence held largely in magnetite and passed a Class I reversal test. The upper Refugian (late Eocene and lower Zemorrian (early Oligocene rocks at Baada Point correlate with Chron C13r (33.7–34.7 Ma and Chron C12r (30–33 Ma. The Ozette Highway section of the Makah Formation spanned the early Refugian to late Refugian, with a sequence that correlates with Chrons C15r-C13r (33.7–35.3 Ma, and a long reversed early Zemorrian section that correlates with Chron C12r (30–33 Ma. The type section of the Hoko River Formation correlates with Chron C18r (40.0–41.2 Ma. The area sampled shows about 45∘ of post-Oligocene counterclockwise tectonic rotation, consistent with results obtained from the Eocene-Oligocene rocks in the region.

  5. Starting a Thematic Restaurant in Sochi Resort

    OpenAIRE

    Grazhdankin, Daniil

    2017-01-01

    The main aim of this thesis is opening of a thematic restaurant in Sochi Resort and if it is possible to convince investors to invest in this project. The first part of the thesis contains a brief history of catering industry in Sochi Resort since 1909, its classification, category and future tendency. The second part is responsible for the practical part, where the information about the thematic restaurant of the Indian cuisine Taj Mahal is already described in detail. The final part is the ...

  6. Unification types of housing during Sochi Olympics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr A. Babaev

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In the article the statement of the unification problem of housing accommodation of participants, spectators, staff, committee during the Winter Olympics in Sochi. We give a mathematical formalization of the problem, where the unknown variables are theelements of the combination of types of accommodation sorted by the level of comfortand representation.

  7. Catering industry development in the city of Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana А. Yudina

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In the present article the author studies catering services provided to athletes during 2010 Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver (Canada. The author has examined catering businesses in Sochi, their equipment and services as well as human resources issues. The author has proposed various approaches and solutions of problems (in Sochi, such as developing chain restaurants and fine cuisine restaurants, creation of Restaurateur’s Association in Sochi which will coordinate this branch of hospitality industry before and after the Games.

  8. Urban planning culture within Sochi in the first half of ХХ century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir G. Ivantsov

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The article considers urban planning culture within Sochi in the first half of the ХХ century. Special attention is attached to styles and developmental milestones of Sochi architectural look.

  9. Data for Sochi 2014 Olympics discussion on social media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrei P. Kirilenko

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Presented data is related to the research article “Sochi 2014 Olympics on Twitter: Perspectives of Hosts and Guests” [2].  The data were collected through regular API Twitter search for five months windowing 2014 Sochi Olympic Games and further used for cluster analysis and analysis of the sentiment on the Games. The main dataset contains 616 thousand tweets, rigorously cleaned and filtered to remove irrelevant content. To comply with the Twitter API user agreement, the dataset presented in this article includes only generalized daily data with all information contained in individual tweets removed. The proposed use of the dataset is academic research of changing discussion on the topics related to Mega-events in conjunction with political events.

  10. Data for Sochi 2014 Olympics discussion on social media.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirilenko, Andrei P

    2017-08-01

    Presented data is related to the research article "Sochi 2014 Olympics on Twitter: Perspectives of Hosts and Guests" [2].  The data were collected through regular API Twitter search for five months windowing 2014 Sochi Olympic Games and further used for cluster analysis and analysis of the sentiment on the Games. The main dataset contains 616 thousand tweets, rigorously cleaned and filtered to remove irrelevant content. To comply with the Twitter API user agreement, the dataset presented in this article includes only generalized daily data with all information contained in individual tweets removed. The proposed use of the dataset is academic research of changing discussion on the topics related to Mega-events in conjunction with political events.

  11. Practical Application of Sea Water Quality Mathematical Model for the Black Sea Coast of Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oleg A. Burunin

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with an application of the developed model of the sea water quality for forecasting of coastal waters indicators change in the artificial coastal water areas of Sochi. Results of the researches conducted in relation to yacht port «Grand Marina Sochi» are considered.

  12. Legal Regulation of Trade Activity during Sochi Preparation of XXII Winter Olympic and XI Paralympic Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena V. Ivneva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the topical issues of legal regulation of social trade relations in the Russian Federation during Sochi preparation and hosting of XXII Winter Olympic and XI Paralympic Games.

  13. Architectural solutions in terms of Bionic urban environment of Olympic Sochi

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    Olga V. Kiba

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The principle of architectural bionics, suitable for Olympic Sochi environment was used for promenade designing. The complex solution includes promenade areas and a ‘winter and summer’ platform.

  14. Zone of Sochi 2014 Olympic sites and its historical and cultural heritage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander А. Cherkasov

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the historical-cultural heritage area of Sochi-2014 Olympics. Attention of the multinational representation in the territory, by clarifying the concept – an indigenous person to temporary space.

  15. Geoethnopolitical Aspect of the Caucasus Development in terms of Sochi Preparation for Winter Olympic Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svetlana V. Petrova

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with geopolitical problems within the Caucasus Region in terms of modern regional processes, indicates major features of the region and their impact on Sochi preparation for Winter Olympic Games.

  16. Development of students’ scientific society of Sochi state university for tourism and recreation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander A. Cherkasov

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The article concerns the development of students’ scientific society of Sochi State University for Tourism and Recreation. Special attention is attached to students’ scientific work and occupational guidance activities, aimed to involve schoolchildren in research work.

  17. Threshold event: Exploring a commercial sponsorship of LGBT rights during the Sochi games

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Klein, Adam

    2016-01-01

    This mixed methods study examines the 2014 Sochi Olympics as an exceptional time period in which the commercial culture shifted potentially forming a convergence of mainstream support behind LGBT rights...

  18. Nowcasting in the FROST-2014 Sochi Olympic project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bica, Benedikt; Wang, Yong; Joe, Paul; Isaac, George; Kiktev, Dmitry; Bocharnikov, Nikolai

    2013-04-01

    FROST (Forecast and Research: the Olympic Sochi Testbed) 2014 is a WMO WWRP international project aimed at development, implementation, and demonstration of capabilities of short-range numerical weather prediction and nowcasting technologies for mountainous terrain in winter season. Sharp weather contrasts and high spatial and temporal variability are typical for the region of the Sochi-2014 Olympics. Steep mountainous terrain and an intricate mixture of maritime sub-tropical and Alpine environments make weather forecasting in this region extremely challenging. Goals of the FROST-2014 project: • To develop a comprehensive information resource of Alpine winter weather observations; • To improve and exploit: o Nowcasting systems of high impact weather phenomena (precipitation type and intensity, snow levels, visibility, wind speed, direction and gusts) in complex terrain; o High-resolution deterministic and ensemble mesoscale forecasts in winter complex terrain environment; • To improve the understanding of physics of high impact weather phenomena in the region; • To deliver forecasts (Nowcasts) to Olympic weather forecasters and decision makers and assess benefits of forecast improvement. 46 Automatic Meteorological Stations (AMS) were installed in the Olympic region by Roshydromet, by owners of sport venues and by the Megafon corporation, provider of mobile communication services. The time resolution of AMS observations does not exceed 10 minutes. For a subset of the stations it is even equal to 1 min. Data flow from the new dual polarization Doppler weather radar WRM200 in Sochi was organized at the end of 2012. Temperature/humidity and wind profilers and two Micro Rain Radars (MRR) will supplement the network. Nowcasting potential of NWP models participating in the project (COSMO, GEM, WRF, AROME, HARMONIE) is to be assessed for direct and post-processed (e.g. Kalman filter, 1-D model, MOS) model forecasts. Besides the meso-scale models, the specialized

  19. The History of the Olympic Capital Sochi 2014: the Scientific Research Aspect

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna D. Bagdasaryan

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the formation of the historical school for the study of the region of the city-resort of Sochi. Regional history is an integral part of the formation of the historical area of the country, dictates the internal processes of registration of statehood, imposes the specifics of the internal and external policy of the state. Sochi as an object of scientific study is the result of the efforts of the last two decades scientists Sochi State University, which raised the question of the transition from the level of regional studies, local journalistic literature to the theoretical approaches of historical analysis using the apparatus of the scientific method. The city of Sochi – the capital of Winter Olympic Games of 2014, leading to interest from foreign historical schools, researchers. This provides a historiographical analysis of the history of Sochi and makes for international studies focus on the role of regional historians, in light of the historical processes which took place on the Northern Black sea region in different periods of historical time.

  20. Historical Way of Sochi Development: From Resort to Olympic Games Host City

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    Irina N. Markaryan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The article traces historical way of destination development from resort to Winter Olympic Games host city, discloses the unusual method of natural resources use both for resort treatment and winter sports development. The characteristic of unique natural and climatic conditions and curative factors of the resort, such as mineral springs, landscapes, climate, Esto Sadok, Roza Khutor, Krasnaya Ployana, Laura ski resorts is presented. The article analyzes sports facilities and the use of Sochi as a center for athletes’ rehabilitation. The future use of Olympic facilities, both exhibition, shopping and entertainment and business centers is revealed. The zone of international hospitality will enable Sochi to develop as international resort.

  1. After Sochi 2014: costs and impacts of Russia’s Olympic Games

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Martin

    2014-01-01

    This paper assesses the outcomes of the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi, Russia, examining the costs and economic impacts of the event, the prospects for the long-term use of venues and infrastructure, and the attitudes of the global and the Russian population. Total costs were USD 55 billion, having increased 4.5 times from USD 12 billion at the time of the bid. Of this total, about USD 16 billion were sports-related costs. After accounting for inflation, this makes Sochi the second-most ...

  2. Construction of St. Michael’s the Archangel Cathedral in Sochi (1874–1891

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    Vladimir G. Ivantsov

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The article, basing on archive data, describes the hard process of the construction of St. Michael’s the Archangel Cathedral in Sochi in 1874–1891. Special attention is attached to the role of architect A.S. Kaminsky in the construction of the cathedral.

  3. Geographic Information System arboretum garden of Sochi "Dendrarium"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annenkova Irina Vladimirovna

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Program is designed to monitoring of arboretum collections. It has features that take into account the specifics of such collections: a period of survival new plantings, change dendrometric and phytosanitary characteristics of woody plants with age, the need to analyze the causes of mortality. Geobaza includes three magazines to track for living collection, landings and removing plants. Each magazine is represented on the map by three layers: single specimens, hedgerows and groups. Tables of landings and removing plants magazines contain dendrometric and cartographic information for each object. The living collection magazine dendrometric information is stored in separate tables. It allows to save data about changes that occur during the lifetime of plants. Geobaza stores information about date of planting, sapling age, the taxonomic name, the identifier of introduction specimens , the lawn of growth, plant life-form, trunk diameter, plant height, size, crown, decoration, phytosanitary condition, damage by diseases and pests, the date and the age removing. Program's taxonomic dictonary keeps names of families, species, infraspecific taxa and cultivars of plants. It's based on plant taxonomic database "Plant List", which freely accessible at http://www.theplantlist.org. Dictonary allows to edit the name and systematic position of taxon, the conservation status according by IUCN Red Data Book, Red Books Russia and the Krasnodar Territory, allows writing floristic regions, habitats and rank uniqueness at Sochi region. The advantages of using ArcGIS software are visualization, quick search taxons and plants, getting information on the taxonomic and quantitative composition of the collection, tracking taxa remaining in a single copy, printing maps necessary scale. The program allows you to automatically generate a collection catalog, list of lawns, which grows taxon, sheets landings and removing plants, reports on the taxonomic structure of families

  4. Eventive media concept «Sochi Olympics»: respondents’ reactions and mass media contexts comparative analysis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Nataliya I. Permyakova

    2011-01-01

    The article presents specific elements of regional linguistic personality speech reflective process within eventful concept «Sochi Olympics» in written (mass media contexts) and oral (respondents’ reactions...

  5. Sexual Orientation, Human Rights, and Corporate Sponsorship of the Sochi Olympic Games: Rethinking the Voluntary Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Van Detta, Jeffrey A

    2014-01-01

    Multi-national enterprises (MNEs) have provided substantial sponsorship for the Sochi Winter Olympic Games despite a host-country government that has recently enacted stunningly harsh legislation aimed at the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual...

  6. Часть 1. Transport logistics in terms of Olympics venue construction in Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valentin A. Babaev

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights one of the possible methods of solving logistic problems concerning construction of Olympics-2014 venues in Sochi. Focuses on mathematical programming of the aspect.

  7. Topical issues and trends in training and retraining of tourism personnel for the Winter Olympics 2014 in Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayane D. Nubaryan

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The main problems are analyzing in the article on the basis of investigated materials by 2006 and the key directions are examining in the system of training and retraining of the tourists employees for Olympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi, the results of the directors̕ examination in tourist industry in Sochi are presented. The attention is also given to lingual preparation of employees for Olympic Games.

  8. Popular perception of urban transformation through megaevents: understanding support for the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi

    OpenAIRE

    Mueller, Martin

    2012-01-01

    With the increasing number and impact of events hosted by cities, understanding the nature of popular support for them and the resulting urban transformations is a crucial task. I examine residents’ perceptions of the preparations for the 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi, asking how support differs across social groups and what factors predict support. I find that negative impacts from preparations dominate public opinion, but that there is nevertheless a solid support base for the event. S...

  9. (Im-)Mobile policies: Why sustainability went wrong in the 2014 Olympics in Sochi

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This paper proposes a tripartite framework of transportation, transformation and translation to conceptualise the circulation, mutation and impacts of mobile policies as translocal, socio-material networks. Drawing on material from semi-structured interviews, participant observation and documents it considers the value of this framework by examining the mobility of the sustainability agenda of the Winter Olympic Games 2014 in Sochi, Russia. The paper shows how sustainability policies were pac...

  10. Russia and Its International Image: From Sochi Olympic Games to Annexing Crimea

    OpenAIRE

    Kobierecki, Michał Marcin

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the article is to analyze the change of the Russian Federation’s international image in the light of two significant events: the Olympic Winter Games in 2014 in Sochi and the annexation of Crimea. According to the first hypothesis, one of the main aims for hosting the Olympic Games was to improve the international prestige of Russia. Shortly after the Olympics Russia increased its activity in Eastern Ukraine, which resulted in the annexation of the Crimean Peninsu...

  11. Russia and Its International Image: From Sochi Olympic Games to Annexing Crimea

    OpenAIRE

    Kobierecki Michał

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the article is to analyze the change of the Russian Federation’s international image in the light of two significant events: the Olympic Winter Games in 2014 in Sochi and the annexation of Crimea. According to the first hypothesis, one of the main aims for hosting the Olympic Games was to improve the international prestige of Russia. Shortly after the Olympics Russia increased its activity in Eastern Ukraine, which resulted in the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula. Therefore the ...

  12. The Magnitostroi of Health : Sochi and the Transformation of the Caucasian Black Sea Coast as a Model for Regional Development in the Soviet Union and the Russian Federation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noack, C.

    2017-01-01

    In the run-up to the Sochi Winter Olympics in 2014, the Russian leadership repeatedly declared the games to be exemplary for future regional development projects within the country. Treating Sochi as a model case for regional development has a long pre-history, going back to the period of “high

  13. Sports injuries and illnesses in the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soligard, Torbjørn; Steffen, Kathrin; Palmer-Green, Debbie; Aubry, Mark; Grant, Marie-Elaine; Meeuwisse, Willem; Mountjoy, Margo; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars

    2015-04-01

    Systematic surveillance of injuries and illnesses is the foundation for developing preventive measures in sport. To analyse the injuries and illnesses that occurred during the XXII Olympic Winter Games, held in Sochi in 2014. We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses (1) through the reporting of all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) in the polyclinic and medical venues by the Sochi 2014 medical staff. NOC and Sochi 2014 medical staff reported 391 injuries and 249 illnesses among 2780 athletes from 88 NOCs, equalling incidences of 14 injuries and 8.9 illnesses per 100 athletes over an 18-day period of time. Altogether, 12% and 8% of the athletes incurred at least one injury or illness, respectively. The percentage of athletes injured was highest in aerial skiing, snowboard slopestyle, snowboard cross, slopestyle skiing, halfpipe skiing, moguls skiing, alpine skiing, and snowboard halfpipe. Thirty-nine per cent of the injuries were expected to prevent the athlete from participating in competition or training. Women suffered 50% more illnesses than men. The rate of illness was highest in skeleton, short track, curling, cross-country skiing, figure skating, bobsleigh and aerial skiing. A total of 159 illnesses (64%) affected the respiratory system, and the most common cause of illness was infection (n=145, 58%). Overall, 12% of the athletes incurred at least one injury during the games, and 8% an illness, which is similar to prior Olympic Games. The incidence of injuries and illnesses varied substantially between sports. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  14. SOCHI 2014 OLYMPICS LEGACY: SOCIAL STEREOTYPES WITHIN THE FRAMEWORK OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

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    S. V. Tumanov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with a part of the results of the overall study which took place in 2009–2015 and was devoted to the examination of the public attitudes towards 2014 Sochi Olympics and Olympism on the whole. In the course of the monitoring conducted throughout the whole period of Sochi Olympics project implementation there have been formed sets of statistical evaluation results of the “Olympic region” most important daily living activities spheres conditions and development, with a system of key indicators being used. The original data structured in the united time series give a possibility of a variable comparison of the results attained on a great number of indicators and finally enable to evaluate the degree of implementation of the tasks defined by the IOC. The research program was based on methodological and procedural approaches widely introduced in the works of contemporary Russian and foreign scholars. A benchmarking analysis of the current values system and the region residents’ behavior within the framework of sustainable development is presented in different topic blocks. Empirical data collected through a six-year period show dynamics in Sochi and Krasnodar region population commitment to a healthy lifestyle, vicious habits proliferation and environment friendly daily living activities. Certain communities monitoring results prove a principal thesis which states that lifestyle is a result of the internal and external factors longstanding interaction where the internal ones are determining. It is they that provide such quality characteristics of a lifestyle as continuity and stability. Being a large-scale event Olympic games can boost some particular positive changes in the lifestyle of the dwellers of the city which became the event capital but the games are not able to provide the changes’ sustainment. To prevent reversibility of the positive changes the local authorities and civil society institutions in the city should

  15. Russia and Its International Image: From Sochi Olympic Games to Annexing Crimea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kobierecki Michał

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to analyze the change of the Russian Federation’s international image in the light of two significant events: the Olympic Winter Games in 2014 in Sochi and the annexation of Crimea. According to the first hypothesis, one of the main aims for hosting the Olympic Games was to improve the international prestige of Russia. Shortly after the Olympics Russia increased its activity in Eastern Ukraine, which resulted in the annexation of the Crimean Peninsula. Therefore the article is also aimed to investigate whether by annexing Crimea Russia squandered the possible positive effects of hosting the Olympics in terms of its international image.

  16. «Sochi Goes International» – Required Actions to be Taken to Facilitate the Stay for International Tourists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduard Besel

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available As host city of many big international sport events, Sochi's publicity is increasing and people from all over the world will discover it as a new travel destination. To guarantee and enlarge the attractiveness and popularity of the city, some essential improvements, which would facilitate the stay for international tourists, are recommended.

  17. Hosting international events as a national branding campaign. 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi as a case study.

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdanov, Evgeny

    2014-01-01

    What main identities does Russia focus on in order to build a more positive national brand in the eyes of the international audience while getting ready to host 2014 Winter Olympic Games in Sochi? This thesis focuses on this sporting event as a unique opportunity for Russia to boost its image internationally from a problematic to a more positive one (Ostapenko, 2010). An empirical study examines the representation of the country in press-releases and news materials published within the News s...

  18. Mössbauer study of oxide phase distributions in rust formed on steel constructions near the Black Sea in Sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Filippov, V. P., E-mail: vpfilippov@mephi.ru; Lauer, Yu. A. [National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute) (Russian Federation); Goloborodko, P. G.; Polyakov, A. M. [Sanatorium “Progress” (Russian Federation)

    2016-12-15

    The phase composition of the intermediate oxide layers formed on elements of steel structures at different positions relative to the sea water of the Black Sea near Sochi are investigated. The differences of the phase composition of these oxide layers are shown, depending on the location of the design details in relation to the sea and the abundancies of certain types of oxides in the studied layers are discussed.

  19. Measuring the regional economic impact of mega-events: what are the benefits of the 2014 Olympics for Sochi?

    OpenAIRE

    Müller, Martin

    2009-01-01

    The economic benefits of mega-events such as the Olympic Games are much touted but little quantified. This paper first presents a systematisation of the money streams associated with hosting the Olympic Games and then introduces basic concepts from regional economics. On this basis it outlines a general model that could be employed to estimate the regional economic impact of tourism associated with the Olympic Winter Games in Sochi in 2014.

  20. EXPERIENCE IN APPLICATION OF THE TECHNOLOGIES OF BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING WHEN CONSTRUCTING THE OLYMPIC OBJECTS OF SOCHI-2014 AND STADIUMS OF THE FIFA WORLD CUP 2018

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakhraman'yan Andrey Mikhaylovich

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The authors describe the experience in application of information modeling technologies for buildings and structures on the example of design and construction of the objects SOCHI-2014 and stadiums of FIFA World Cup 2017. According to the regulatory documents in 2014 in Sochi the automated monitoring systems of the strain state of bearing structures and engineering systems were in-stalled in all the Olympic ice stadiums and in the Central Olympic Stadium. The systems were controlled by software package SODIS Building. The main possibilities of SODIS Building are enumerated in the article.

  1. RADIATION CONTROL DURING THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE OLYMPIC FACILITIES IN SOCHI CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. K. Romanovich

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents data on the organization and results of the provision of the radiation safety in the period of preparation for the Winter Olympic and Paralympic games in Sochi, 2014. The following topics are overviewed in the paper: allocation of land plots for construction of the Olympic facilities; organization of the sanitary surveillance of the imported equipment, construction materials and designs for the construction of the Olympic facilities; putting the Olympic venues into operation. Dose rate of gamma radiation at all land plots, which were allocated for the construction of the Olympic facilities, conformed to the requirements of sanitary regulations. The average dose rate of gamma radiation was 0.11 μSv h-1 in the Coastal cluster and 0.14 μSv h-1 in the Mountain cluster. The radon fluence rate from the ground surface exceeded the prescribed limit of 80 mBq m-2 s-1 only at the land plot allocated for construction of the «House of receiving official delegations «Achipse» and the «House of receiving official delegations «Psekhako» in the Mountain cluster. The maximal value of 188 mBq m-2 s -1 was registered here. The buildings projects for this area included using radon protection measures, which were implemented during the construction.

  2. Anti-doping analyses at the Sochi Olympic and Paralympic Games 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobolevsky, Tim; Krotov, Grigory; Dikunets, Marina; Nikitina, Maria; Mochalova, Elena; Rodchenkov, Grigory

    2014-01-01

    The laboratory anti-doping services during XXII Winter Olympic and XI Paralympic games in Sochi in 2014 were provided by a satellite laboratory facility located within the strictly secured Olympic Park. This laboratory, established and operated by the personnel of Antidoping Center, Moscow, has been authorized by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) to conduct doping control analyses. The 4-floor building accommodated the most advanced analytical instrumentation and became a place of attraction for more than 50 Russian specialists and 25 foreign experts, including independent observers. In total, 2134 urine and 479 blood samples were delivered to the laboratory and analyzed during the Olympic Games (OG), and 403 urine and 108 blood samples - during the Paralympic Games (PG). The number of erythropoietin tests requested in urine was 946 and 166 at the OG and PG, respectively. Though included in the test distribution plan, a growth hormone analysis was cancelled by the Organizing Committee just before the Games. Several adverse analytical findings have been reported including pseudoephedrine (1 case), methylhexaneamine (4 cases), trimetazidine (1 case), dehydrochloromethyltestosterone (1 case), clostebol (1 case), and a designer stimulant N-ethyl-1-phenylbutan-2-amine (1 case). Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  3. EL JUEGO ESTRATÉGICO DE RUSIA EN EL CÁUCASO SUR: SOCHI 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella Maris Shmite

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La propuesta de la ciudad de Sochi como sede de los Juegos Olímpicos de Invierno y de la 16° fecha del Gran Premio de Fórmula 1 de 2014, y como una de las sedes de la futura Copa Mundial de Futbol 2018, son una ratificación de la importancia estratégica que representa el Cáucaso para Rusia. Asimismo, el anclaje en el Cáucaso y en las costas del Mar Negro, con toda la inversión en infraestructura y en segu - ridad que representa la organización de eventos deportivos mundiales, implica la puesta en juego de una estrategia geopolítica que expresa la importancia de Rusia como potencia regional. En el calidoscopio de poder e intereses que se despliegan en la región caucásica, la sombra de Rusia se proyecta con fuerza. Abordar el rol que ejerce este país en el Cáucaso Sur, permitirá comprender las perspectivas actuales de la política exterior de Rusia en esta región, así como conocer de qué modo se despliega en el territorio el juego estratégico del poder a través de eventos deportivos que se observan desde todos los lugares del mundo.

  4. [Operation and interaction peculiarities of diagnostic laboratories involved in providing protection from infectious diseases during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishenko, G G; Popova, A Iu; Bragina, I V; Kuz'kin, B P; Ezhlova, E B; Demina, Iu V; Gus'kov, A S; Ivanov, G E; Chikina, L V; Klindukhova, V P; Grechanaia, T V; Tesheva, S Ch; Kulichenko, A N; Efremenko, D B; Manin, E A; Kuznetsova, I V; Parkhomenko, V V; Kulichenko, O A; Rafeenko, G K; Shcherbina, L I; Zavora, D L; Briukhanov, A F; Eldinova, V E; Iunicheva, Iu V; Derliatko, S K; Komarov, N S

    2015-01-01

    The experience of the organization and functioning of the laboratory network during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi is considered. Efforts to establish an effective system of laboratory support, the order of work and interaction of diagnostic laboratories involved in diseases control of population during the Olympic Games are analyzed.

  5. Ice Climbing Festival in Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics: Medical Management and Injury Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mashkovskiy, Evgeny; Beverly, James Marc; Stöcker, Urs; Bychkovskiy, Sergey

    2016-03-01

    Sports ice climbing (SIC) is developing rapidly as an independent sport with Olympic potentials. To date there has been no prior systematic evaluation of injury risks and injury patterns in a SIC-specific setting. This paper reports injury statistics collected during the Ice Climbing Festival, which was held during the XXII Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia. More than 2500 amateur climbers and 53 professional athletes climbed during 16 days on a dry tooling lead-difficulty, and a 17-m vertical ice wall (grade M4/M5 or Union Internationale des Associations d'Alpinisme [UIAA] V+/VI-). The injury incidence rates were 0.82/100 in lead-difficulty and 0.83/100 in speed ice climbing with an overall incidence rate of 0.83/100. The injury risk in amateur climbers was 248 injuries per 1000 hours of sports activities. There were no major accidents or fatalities during the event. SIC could be graded I according to UIAA Fatality Risk Classification. Penetrating and superficial soft tissue injuries (cuts and bruises) were the most common. The anteromedial aspects of the thigh and knee were the most typical injury locations. The findings from this study provide an opportunity to compare injury patterns in SIC with what has previously been reported for traditional ice climbing. SIC has lower fatality risks, higher minor injury rates, and comparable injury severity to traditional ice climbing. The main limitation of our findings is that they were obtained on a population of amateur ice climbers with no previous experience. Further research should be performed to define injury risks in professional competitive ice climbers, and standard methodologies for reporting injuries should be considered. Copyright © 2016 Wilderness Medical Society. All rights reserved.

  6. Influence of the details of topography onweather forecast – evaluation of HARMONIEexperiments in the Sochi Olympics domainover the Caucasian mountains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura eRontu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available New fine-resolution surface elevation data was implemented intoHARMONIE-AROME-SURFEX Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP system. Thegrid-scale mean orography, used as a basis of the model'sterrain-following vertical coordinate, as well as variables forsuggested new parametrizations of radiation and momentum fluxes werederived. Validation against the surface observations from the SochiWinter Olympic Games 2014, provided by the WMO FROST-2014 program atthe Caucasian mountains, showed minor degradation of the of thenscreen-level temperature forecast when only the source orography wasupdated. Implementation of the orographic radiation parametrizationsallowed to alleviate the degradation of scores. Detailed sensitivitystudies, done by using three-dimensional and single-columnexperiments, showed that substantial and physically realistic changesin the downwelling short- and longwave radiation fluxes took placelocally. However, their influence on the the simulated screen-leveltemperature remained small. Comparison of the simulated and observedradiation fluxes would offer a reliable alternative for validation ofNWP models. Unfortunately, surface-level radiation observations were notmade during the Sochi Olympics.

  7. [Catering for client groups during the XXII Olympic winter games and XI Paralympic winter games of 2014 in Sochi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, A Yu; Gus'kov, A S; Ivanov, G E; Chikina, L V; Klindukhov, V P; Nikolaevich, P N; Grechanaya, T V; Balaeva, M I; Vechernyaya, L S; Vechernyaya, E A; Bozhko, I I; Parkhomenko, V V; Kulichenko, O A; Tushina, O V; Manin, E A; Taran, T V

    2016-01-01

    The problems of catering control various client groups during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi is one of the priorities of the sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population during mass events. The data on the order of nutrition of guests and participants of the games, control of food items, sanitary and microbiological monitoring of drinking water, food raw materials and products are presented. It is noted that the ongoing supervisory activities contributed to the sanitary and epidemiological well-being during the Games. The purpose of this study was to lighting modern achievements in the field of nutrition and food microbiology in the period of the Olympic Games and the determination of their value to the further improvement and use at when conducting mass gatherings.

  8. Experience of using automated monitoring systems of the strain state of bearing structures on the olympic objects sochi-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shakhraman’yan Andrey Mikhaylovich

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Various defects, which occur because of the influence of different environmental factors become the reason for the emergencies of building structures. Monitoring of certain parameters of bearing structures in the process of their erection and beginning of operation will help detecting negative processes which may endanger mechanical safety of buildings. The authors offer the operating results of automated monitoring system of the bearing structures state of the ice arena “Shayba” in the Olympic park in Sochi during the earthquake which happened on December 23th, 2012. The arena was equipped with a dynamic monitoring system, which helped estimating the influence of a seismic occurrence on the building constructions, to make prompt conclusions on absence of damages of the bearing structures, get important data on the dynamic response of the structure.

  9. [Using modern information technology in the practice of the sanitary-epidemiological surveiliance during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popova, A Yu; Kuzkin, B P; Demina, Yu V; Dubyansky, V M; Kulichenko, A N; Maletskaya, O V; Shayakhmetov, O Kh; Semenko, O V; Nazarenko, Yu V; Agapitov, D S; Mezentsev, V M; Kharchenko, T V; Efremenko, D V; Oroby, V G; Klindukhov, V P; Grechanaya, T V; Nikolaevich, P N; Tesheva, S Ch; Rafeenko, G K

    2015-01-01

    To improve the sanitary and epidemiological surveillance at the Olympic Games has developed a system of GIS for monitoring objects and situations in the region of Sochi. The system is based on software package ArcGIS, version 10.2 server, with Web-java.lang. Object, Web-server Apach, and software developed in language java. During th execution of the tasks are solved: the stratification of the region of the Olympic Games for the private and aggregate epidemiological risk OCI various eti- ologies, ranking epidemiologically important facilities for the sanitary and hygienic conditions, monitoring of infectious diseases (in real time according to the preliminary diagnosis). GIS monitoring has shown its effectiveness: Information received from various sources, but focused on one portal. Information was available in real time all the specialists involved in ensuring epidemiological well-being and use at work during the Olympic Games in Sochi.

  10. The Policy of Paternalism and the Issue of Deviation during the 1960s–1980s in the South of Russia (through the Example of Greater Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan A. Ermachkov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The state, as a social institute, undergoes amid political and social-economic transformations not only the reformation of social relations but, as a reaction of these changes, causes the collapse of existing social guideposts, norms, and ideals in society. This study is aimed at identifying the major issues and shortcomings in the operation of the Soviet urban system of prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency, identifying the social reasons behind the emergence of child neglect characteristic of the resort city of Sochi, assessing child neglect issues, and coming up with ways to resolve them for entities within the system of prevention of child neglect and juvenile delinquency and other interest groups. The article is dedicated to exploring the issue of juvenile behavior in the resort city of Sochi during the period of the policy of paternalism in the 1960s-1980s.

  11. Ethno-Demographic Processes in the North-East Black Sea Area in the 19th – Early 21th Centuries (through the Example of Greater Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksandr A. Cherkasov

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines ethno-demographic processes in the north-east Black Sea area, more specifically the territory of Greater Sochi, in the 19th – early 21th centuries. In writing the article, the authors have relied on archive materials from the archives department of the administration of the city of Novorossiysk and the archives department of the administration of the city of Sochi. The authors have consulted reference pre-revolution literature, Soviet-era and present-day population censuses, as well as the findings of present-day research studies. The methodological basis of this study are the principles of historicism, objectivity, and systemicity, which helps to get an insight into the general patterns and regional peculiarities in the demographic development of the major ethnicities in the north-east Black Sea area in the 19th-20th centuries. The authors touch upon the process of colonization of the territory and its ethnic composition. In the end, the authors come to the conclusion that the ethno-demographic picture of Greater Sochi had been forming in a complicated fashion. As a consequence, in the second half of the 19th century, following the Caucasian War, the territory had to be repopulated. Resettlement flows from different locations in the Russian Empire and overseas had formed by 1917 an ethno-picture that featured Russians and Armenians as two principal ethnicities. The authors note that this picture has not changed in a major way to this day.

  12. Modeling and water quality assessment during realisation of the coastal projects in Sochi region (Black sea coast of Russia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prokhoda-Shumskikh, L.

    2012-04-01

    Sochi region is the unique subtropical resort on the Black Sea coast of Russia. Nowadays due to Sochi is the capital of the Olympic game 2014, the government of the Russian Federation accepts the special federal program of Black Sea coast development. Program foresees the existing and creation of new coastal recreational and touristic complexes along the Russian Black Sea coast, such as complex of yacht harbors, water centers (aqua-centers), network of port localities and etc. These coastal projects are different, but the main problems of the environmental impact assessment are the same. The environmental impact and the relative damage should be assessed at the stage of construction as well as at the stage of operation. The key problem for the recreation coastal zone is water quality management. The port localities network as example is considered. To increase the accuracy and informative of forecasts for the coastal zone conditions the system-dynamic model has been developed, what allows to estimate the quality of the sea water, including that in the semi-enclosed coastal water areas with the limited water exchange. The model of water quality in the coastal zone includes the equations of deposit concentration changes and chemical substances evolution in the studied areas. The model incorporates joint description of cycles of two biogenic elements - nitrogen and phosphorus. The system is completely defined by the biogeochemical reactions. The sizes of such water areas allow the applying the full mixing and zero-dimensional models of water quality. The circulation of water inside the area is taken into account additionally. Water exchange in the semi-enclosed coastal water areas is defined by the discharge through the open parts of area border. The novelty of the offered model is its adaptation to the specific conditions of semi-enclosed coastal water areas. At the same time, the model contains details of the biogeochemical processes to complete modelling of the

  13. High incidence of injury at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derman, W; Schwellnus, M P; Jordaan, E; Runciman, P; Van de Vliet, P; Blauwet, C; Webborn, N; Willick, S; Stomphorst, J

    2016-09-01

    To describe the epidemiology of injuries at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days during the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Daily injury data were obtained from teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) and teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. There were 174 total injuries reported, with an injury incidence rate (IR) of 26.5 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 22.7% to 30.8%). There was a significantly higher IR recorded in alpine skiing/snowboarding (IR of 41.1 (95% CI 33.7% to 49.6%) p=0.0001) compared to cross-country skiing/biathlon, ice sledge hockey or wheelchair curling. Injuries in the shoulder region were the highest single-joint IR (IR of 6.4 (95% CI 4.6% to 8.6%)), although total upper and lower body IR were similar (IR 8.5 vs 8.4 (95% CI 6.4% to 11.1%)). Furthermore, the IR of acute injuries was significantly higher than other types of injury onset (IR of 17.8 (95% CI 14.7% to 21.4%)). In a Winter Paralympic Games setting, athletes report higher injury incidence than do Olympic athletes or athletes in a Summer Paralympic Games setting. The highest incidence of injury was reported in the alpine skiing/snowboarding sporting category. There was a similar incidence of injury in the upper and lower limbs. The joint with the greatest rate of injury reported was the shoulder joint. Our data can inform injury prevention programmes and policy considerations regarding athlete safety in future Winter Paralympic Games. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  14. [Principle directions for the creation and organization of the system of sanitary-epidemiological safety during the preparations for the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishchenko, G G; Bragina, I V; Ezhlova, E B; Demina, V P; Gorskiĭ, A A; Gus'kov, A S; Aksenova, O I; Ivanov, G E; Klindukhov, V P; Nikolaevich, P N; Grechanaia, T B; Kulichenko, A N; Maletskaia, O V; Manin, E A; Parkhomenko, V V; Kulichenko, O A

    2015-01-01

    The paper generalizes the experience of formation of protection system against biological threats and ensuring sanitary and epidemiological welfare during preparation for the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi. The basic steps for creating this system, since 2007, participation and role of Rospotrebnadzor in this process are shown. The paper deals with such questions as the governmental and administrative structures with federal agencies interaction, development of a regulatory framework governing the safety system of the Olympic Games, development of algorithms of information exchange and management decisions, biological safety in developing infrastructure in Sochi.

  15. Medical Care Before and During the Winter Paralympic Games in Turin 2006, Vancouver 2010 and Sochi 2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gawroński Wojciech

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Medical care in disabled sports is crucial both as prophylaxis and as ongoing medical intervention. The aim of this paper was to present changes in the quality of medical care over the consecutive Paralympic Games (PG. The study encompassed 31 paralympians: Turin (11, Vancouver (12, and Sochi (8 competing in cross-country skiing, alpine skiing, biathlon and snowboarding. The first, questionnaire-based, part of the study was conducted in Poland before the PG. The athletes assessed the quality of care provided by physicians, physiologists, dieticians, and physiotherapists, as well as their cooperation with the massage therapist and the psychologist. The other part of the study concerned the athletes’ health before leaving for the PG, as well as their diseases and injuries during the PG. The quality of medical care was poor before the 2006 PG, but satisfactory before the subsequent PG. Only few athletes made use of psychological support, assessing it as poor before the 2006 PG and satisfactory before the 2010 and 2014 PG. The athletes’ health condition was good during all PG. The health status of cross-country skiers was confirmed by a medical fitness certificate before all PG, while that of alpine skiers only before the 2014 PG. There were no serious diseases; training injuries precluded two athletes from participation. The quality of medical care before the PG was poor, however, became satisfactory during the actual PG. The resulting ad hoc pattern deviates from the accepted standards in medical care in disabled sports.

  16. Sexual Orientation, Human Rights, and Corporate Sponsorship of the Sochi Olympic Games: Rethinking the Voluntary Approach to Corporate Social Responsibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey A Van Detta

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Multi-national enterprises (MNEs have provided substantial sponsorship for the Sochi Winter Olympic Games despite a host-country government that has recently enacted stunningly harsh legislation aimed at the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Intersex (LGBTI communities within Russia. This is a Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR problem. Should Europe address it through voluntary corporate compliance, Europe’s historically preferred mode of promoting CSR? Or should Europe reconsider whether it can more effectively promote CSR compliance legislatively – and if so, by what kind of legislation? To honor the explicit and increased protections of human rights against sexual orientation discrimination in the Treaty of Amsterdam and the Charter of Fundamental Human Rights, more than voluntary, good intentions are needed. Particularly since the United States has effectively bowed out of enforcing CSR through the American federal courts, there now exists a regulatory lacuna that the European Commission is best situated to fill through the precision offered by judicious rulemaking. The article ultimately proposes an approach that combines the public-pressure engine that fuels voluntary CSR with public disclosures mandated by law to optimize the information and mobilization of public opinion and pressure – factors particularly noteworthy given the powerful “branding” benefits that MNEs seek through Olympic sponsorship.

  17. [Improving prevention activities of infectious diseases during preparation and holding of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishchenko, G G; Bragina, I V; Ezhlova, E B; Demina, Iu V; Grechanaia, T V; Nikolaevich, P N; Balaeva, M I; Tesheva, S Ch; Biriukov, V A; Kulichenko, A N; Vasilenko, N F; Maletskaia, O V; Manin, E A; Orobeĭ, V G

    2015-01-01

    The article presents data on the implementation of a set of preventive activities to ensure sanitation and epidemiological welfare during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi. The importance of monitoring and evaluation of epidemiological risk, as the basis of formation of preventive measures is noticed. The questions of specific, and nonspecific prevention of infectious diseases, especially the work done during the pre-Olympic period are considered. The importance of specifically developed regulatory basis, and health education are emphasized. The conclusion about the effectiveness of the measures taken, which led to a significant reduction of infectious diseases in the region is made.

  18. Sports Injury and Illness Epidemiology: Great Britain Olympic Team (TeamGB) surveillance during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer-Green, Debbie; Elliott, Niall

    2015-01-01

    Background Sports injury and illness surveillance is the first step in injury and illness prevention, and is important for the protection of both athlete health and performance in major competitions. Aim To identify the prevalence, severity nature and causes of athlete injuries and illnesses in the Great Britain Olympic Team (TeamGB) during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games. Methods The observational prospective cohort study followed the Great Britain Injury/Illness Performance Project surveillance methodology and obtained information on injuries and illnesses that occurred during the Games between 30 January and 23 February 2014 in TeamGB athletes (n=56). Results Among the 56 TeamGB athletes, there were 27 injuries and 11 illnesses during the Olympic Games period. This equated to 39% sustaining at least one injury and 18% at least one illness, with an incidence of 48.2 injuries and 19.6 illnesses per 100 athletes, respectively. Of all injuries and illnesses, 9% and 7%, respectively, resulted in time loss. The risk of sustaining an injury was highest for freestyle skiing, skeleton and snowboarding; and lowest for curling, biathlon and Alpine skiing (with no reported injuries); with the lower limb being the most commonly injured location. Respiratory system illnesses were most frequently reported overall, and older female athletes were the ones most affected by illness. Conclusions The risk of injury was double the risk of illness for TeamGB athletes. Overall, the rate of time-loss issues was low. Methodological considerations are important when interpreting data, and prevention strategies should focus on those issues causing the greatest risk, in terms of prevalence and severity, to athlete health and performance. PMID:25425714

  19. Sports injury and illness epidemiology: Great Britain Olympic Team (TeamGB) surveillance during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer-Green, Debbie; Elliott, Niall

    2015-01-01

    Sports injury and illness surveillance is the first step in injury and illness prevention, and is important for the protection of both athlete health and performance in major competitions. To identify the prevalence, severity nature and causes of athlete injuries and illnesses in the Great Britain Olympic Team (TeamGB) during the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games. The observational prospective cohort study followed the Great Britain Injury/Illness Performance Project surveillance methodology and obtained information on injuries and illnesses that occurred during the Games between 30 January and 23 February 2014 in TeamGB athletes (n=56). Among the 56 TeamGB athletes, there were 27 injuries and 11 illnesses during the Olympic Games period. This equated to 39% sustaining at least one injury and 18% at least one illness, with an incidence of 48.2 injuries and 19.6 illnesses per 100 athletes, respectively. Of all injuries and illnesses, 9% and 7%, respectively, resulted in time loss. The risk of sustaining an injury was highest for freestyle skiing, skeleton and snowboarding; and lowest for curling, biathlon and Alpine skiing (with no reported injuries); with the lower limb being the most commonly injured location. Respiratory system illnesses were most frequently reported overall, and older female athletes were the ones most affected by illness. The risk of injury was double the risk of illness for TeamGB athletes. Overall, the rate of time-loss issues was low. Methodological considerations are important when interpreting data, and prevention strategies should focus on those issues causing the greatest risk, in terms of prevalence and severity, to athlete health and performance. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  20. Influence of the details of topography on weather forecast - evaluation of HARMONIE experiments in the Sochi Olympics domain over the Caucasian mountains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rontu, Laura; Wastl, Clemens; Niemela, Sami

    2016-02-01

    New fine-resolution surface elevation data was implemented into HARMONIE-AROME-SURFEX Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) system. The grid-scale mean orography, used as a basis of the model's terrain-following vertical coordinate, as well as variables for suggested new parametrizations of radiation and momentum fluxes were derived. Validation against the surface observations from the Sochi Winter Olympic Games 2014, provided by the WMO FROST-2014 program at the Caucasian mountains, showed minor degradation of the of then screen-level temperature forecast when only the source orography was updated. Implementation of the orographic radiation parametrizations allowed to alleviate the degradation of scores. Detailed sensitivity studies, done by using three-dimensional and single-column experiments, showed that substantial and physically realistic changes in the downwelling short- and longwave radiation fluxes took place locally. However, their influence on the the simulated screen-level temperature remained small. Comparison of the simulated and observed radiation fluxes would offer a reliable alternative for validation of NWP models. Unfortunately, surface-level radiation observations were not made during the Sochi Olympics.

  1. The incidence and patterns of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games: a prospective cohort study of 6564 athlete days.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derman, W; Schwellnus, M P; Jordaan, E; Runciman, P; Van de Vliet, P; Blauwet, C; Webborn, N; Willick, S; Stomphorst, J

    2016-09-01

    To describe the epidemiology of illness at the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games. A total of 547 athletes from 45 countries were monitored daily for 12 days over the Sochi 2014 Winter Paralympic Games (6564 athlete days). Illness data were obtained daily from teams without their own medical support (13 teams, 37 athletes) and teams with their own medical support (32 teams, 510 athletes) through electronic data capturing systems. The total number of illnesses reported was 123, with an illness incidence rate (IR) of 18.7 per 1000 athlete days (95% CI 15.1% to 23.2%). The highest IR was reported for wheelchair curling (IR of 20.0 (95% CI 10.1% to 39.6%)). Illnesses in the respiratory system (IR of 5.6 (95% CI 3.8% to 8.0%)), eye and adnexa (IR of 2.7 (95% CI 1.7% to 4.4%)) and digestive system (IR of 2.4 (95% CI 1.4% to 4.2%)) were the most common. Older athletes (35-63 years) had a significantly higher IR than younger athletes (14-25 years, p=0.049). The results of this study indicate that Paralympic athletes report higher illness incidence rates compared to Olympic athletes at similar competitions. The highest rates of illness were reported for the respiratory and digestive systems, eye and adnexa, respectively. Thus, the results of this study form a basis for the identification of physiological systems at higher risk of illness, which can in turn inform illness prevention and management programmes with eventual policy change to promote athlete safety in future editions of the Winter Paralympic Games. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/

  2. [ORGANIZATION OF THE QUALITY CONTROL OF PLACEMENT AND ACCOMMODATION OF PARTICIPANTS ATTENDANTS AND GUESTS OF THE XXII OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES AND XI PARALYMPIC WINTER GAMES OF 2014 IN THE RESORT CITY OF SOCHI].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorskiĭ, A A; Gus'kov, A S; Pochtareva, E S; Klindukhov, V P; Nikolaevich, P N; Grechanaia, T V; Vechemyaia, E A; Biriukov, V A; Bozhko, I I; Kulichenko, A N; Taran, T V; Zaĭtsev, A A; Tushina, O V

    2015-01-01

    There is presented the analysis of activities of the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights protection and Human Welfare to ensure adequate conditions of accommodation of the participants, attendants and guests of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in the Resort city of Sochi according to regulated requirements. There were detected ways of the strengthening the supervision for the quality of the accommodation during mass sports activities for the assurance of the rights for consumers.

  3. [Epidemiological risk of introduction of dangerous and exotic infectious diseases on the territory of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014 in Sochi].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuz'kin, B P; Ezhlova, E B; Kulichenko, A N; Maletskaia, O V; Demina, Iu V; Taran, T V; Pakskina, N D; Kharchenko, T V; Grizhebovskiĭ, G M; Savel'ev, V N; Orobeĭ, V G; Klindukhov, V P; Grechanaia, T V; Tesheva, S Ch; Brukhanova, G D

    2015-01-01

    To assess the epidemiological risk of introduction of serious infectious diseases in the pre-Olympic period defined list of dangerous and exotic infections and held assessment of potential danger threatening. Initial external information to assess the potential risk of skidding were reports, forecasts, posted on the official websites. The risk of skidding and epidemiological complications conditionally designated as high, moderate and minimal risk importation of measles virus-Rate was considered as high. In confirmation of the forecast for the period of the Olympic Games in Sochi have been registered about 100 cases of measles. Moderate risk of importation was determined for poliomyelitis due to wild poliovirus, Lassa fever, cholera, plague, and the minimal--for Dengue fever, yellow fever, the Middle East and respiratory syndrome, diseases caused by viruses Marburg and Ebola. Based on of analysis of previous Olympic Games and subsequent co-events related to the activity of the infectious diseases in the world, mate-cluded that even a slight risk of importation of infectious diseases requires maximum alertness and readiness to conduct adequate epidemiological issues incorporated.

  4. Authropomorphic robots and bipedal walking; Ningengata robot to nisoku hoko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takanishi, A. [Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan). School of Science and Engineering

    1998-03-05

    This paper takes a general view on studies that have been done to date on mechanism and control of bipedal walking of anthromorphic robots. The paper describes the following matters: a group in Waseda University had a success in making smooth walking automatically with a bipedal robot of air pressure driven type with nine degrees of freedom (1971); a group in Nagoya University has succeeded in controlling dynamic bipedal walking (1981); a group in Waseda University has realized to have a bipedal robot make three-dimensional dynamic walking (1984); a bipedal walking control system was proposed, which is of an upper body compensation type that can assure safety in walking by motions of the upper body even if motions are given to the lower limbs randomly (1986); a success was attained in dynamic walking on a road surface with small irregularities that are unknown to a robot (1994); and development was made on a bipedal Humanoid having 35 degrees of freedom in driving (a robot which can walk holding a cage without dropping things in it, and can dance moving its arms wildly) (1997). 20 refs., 3 figs.

  5. [FEATURES OF THE ORGANIZATION OF SANITARY-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL SURVEILLANCE DURING THE PERIOD OF PREPARATION AND HOSTING OF THE XXII OLYMPIC WINTER GAMES AND XI PARALYMPIC WINTER GAMES IN THE RESORT CITY OF SOCHI IN 2014].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onishchenko, G G; Popova, A Iu; Kuzkin, B P; Guskova, A S; Ivanov, G E; Pakskina, N D; Klindukhov, V P; Nikolaevich, P N; Grechanaia, T V; Balaeva, M I; Biriukov, V A; Bozhko, I I; Tesheva, S Ch; Daragan, Iu G; Parkhomenko, V V; Rafeenko, G K; Kulichenko, A N; Manin, E A; Maletskaia, O V; Vasilenko, N F; Efremenko, D V; Orobeĭ, V G; Eldinova, V E; Pilikova, O M; Malaĭ, V I; Iunicheva, Iu V

    2015-01-01

    In the paper there are presented the basic principles of the organization of activities for the assurance ofthe sanitary- epidemiological welfare in the period ofpreparation and hosting of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in the Resort City of Sochi. There are considered features of the organization ofepidemiological surveillance in the pre-Olympic period, the period of the games and the state of the morbidity rate in the region after the Olympics. There are presented data on certain directions of the work of organs and institutions of the Federal Service for Supervision of Consumer Rights Protection and Human Welfare on the disease control of the event.

  6. Sochi 2014 – Potential for conflict around the XXIIth Winter Olympics. eco.mont (Journal on Protected Mountain Areas Research)|eco.mont Vol. 3 No. 2 3 2|

    OpenAIRE

    Scharr, Kurt

    2011-01-01

    Our paper starts by sketching the historical and cultural background as well as characteristic features of the landscape around the venue of the 2014 Winter Olympics. It continues by pointing out spatial aspects of ecology, economy, demography and culture in the run-up to the olympics as well as the social tensions that have already emerged in this context and the potential for future conflict. Greater Sochi has a tradition as a spa and holiday destination that goes back to the foundation of ...

  7. ACTIVITIES OF SAINT-PETERSBURG RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF RADIATION HYGIENE AFTER PROFESSOR P.V. RAMZAEV FOR PROVISION OF RADIATION SAFETY OF XXII WINTER OLYMPIC AND XI WINTER PARALYMPICS GAMES OF 2014 IN SOCHI CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. K. Romanovich

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article contains an analysis of the experience of Rospotrebnadzor radiological units’ activities for  radiation  safety  provision  of  the  participators  and  guests  of  XXII  Winter  Olympic  Games  in  Sochi  and  also of Sochi city inhabitants as during the period of preparations for the Games so during the period of the Olympic and Paralympics Games. Peculiarities of organization of activities of Rospotrebnadzor specialists are considered for  the  preparation  period  and  main  period,  the  occurred  problems  of  technical  and  methodical  provision  of radiation control which was carried out for the purpose of counteraction to possible actions of radiation terrorism are considered as well. The role is noted of the specialists of Radiation Hygiene Institute in the methodical and organizational provision of the whole complex of carried-out activities.

  8. The Pedagogical Model of Innovation Technology "the Student – Tutor – Parent" as an Actual Pedagogical Problem (the Experience of the Innovative Activities of SYT in Sochi as Municipal and Regional Innovation Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatyana N. Belousova

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the key elements of tutoring as a relevant pedagogical activity in modern social terms, and also explores the possibilities and prospects of educational technology with use of elements of tutoring, the key thesis of which is a one-time interaction of the teacher-tutor, the student and his parent within one class, the so-called bunch of "tutor – parent – student". The work substantiates the relevance of tutor support, including the scale of supplementary education institutions, identify conditions (including regulatory and legal of successful use of tutoring technology, as well as the opportunities and risks of implementation in the sphere of additional education (on the example of the municipal budget institution of additional education – the station of young technicians in Sochi city.

  9. Redescription of the stygobitic shrimp Troglocaris (Xiphocaridinella) jusbaschjani Birštein, 1948 (Decapoda: Caridea: Atyidae) from Agura River, Sochi, Russia, with remarks on other representatives of the genus from Caucasus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marin, Ivan; Sokolova, Agniya

    2014-01-15

    The complete re-description of Caucasian local endemic stygobitic atyid shrimp Troglocaris (Xiphocaridinella) jusbaschjani Birštein, 1948 is firstly presented after its original description given by Dr. Ya. A. Birštein (1948) under the name Troglocaris schmidti jusbaschjani. The species is still known exclusively from the type locality, hydrogen sulfide bathes of the small Agura River, Sochi area, Russian Federation. Remarks on morphology, coloration of both females and males and data on ecology of Troglocaris (Xiphocaridinella) jusbaschjani Birštein, 1948 as well as remarks on morphology of relative congeneric species from Caucassus, Troglocaris (Xiphocaridinella) kutaissiana (Sadowsky, 1930) (type species of the subgenus) and Troglocaris (Xiphocaridinella) fagei Birštein, 1939, are provided. Discussion on the validity of some subgenera within the genus Troglocaris s. str. Dormitzer, 1853 are also presented.

  10. Present situation and future trend of engineering education; Rikokei kyoiku no genjo to kongo no hoko

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mizutani, Nobuyasu. [Tokyo Institute of Technology, Tokyo (Japan), Faculty of Engineering

    1998-11-01

    Industrial structure after the burst of Japanese economic bubble is required of innovation. It is a conversion from the mass production type by the conventional cross-lined equal technology (product type) to the knowledge intensive type of small-quantity production high added value (human type). Accordingly, education must also change from cross-lined uniform education to various characteristic education (human type). Though a Japanese enterprise used to give new-comers in-company education after entering the company, and raise staffs meeting company requirements through various experiences, they have recently become to want characteristic engineers who can become immediate power for the company. While the United States has a committee (ABET: Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology) for evaluating engineering education level of a university, Japan started examination of Japanese certification system and evaluation organization began. Though deregulation was made to rule outline only on education standard of universities and colleges, it is not necessarily linked to characterization of department of science and engineering nor to change of instructors` sense. Universities and colleges as well as students are required of sense revolution. (NEDO)

  11. GIS modeling of introduction zones in Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annenkova Irina Vladimirovna

    2014-11-01

    Defined the mean monthly temperature and precipitation for each zone. The diagram shows the dependence of the probability distribution of the three groups resistance from the mean annual temperature and mean annual precipitation. Describes the climatic conditions of the zones.

  12. Chassis, and control systems and equipment; Shashi / sharyo seigyo sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ukai, N. [Honda Technical Inst Tochigi (Japan)

    1997-08-01

    Particularly noticeable items out of the suspension, steering system, braking system of automobiles announced in 1996 were outlined. No new particular system was adopted for the suspension, and the mainstream was improvement and reinforcement of the conventional methods. In the area of steering, expansion of the adoption of rack and pinion system and simplification of the power steering system were noted. In the area of the bracking system, anti-lock braking systems (ABS) were employed more as the standard equipment, and cost reduction and decrease in the size and weight were attempted. In the control system, a system of improving the turning performance of the car was employed which detects front and rear G, side G, car speed, steering angle, and yaw rate to control the distribution of driving force for the right and left wheels. Toyota adopted VSC (vehicle stability control) system for Crown and Mark 2 cars. GM installed ICCS to Cadillac. 16 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Method and apparatus for purging the fuel cell system; Nenryo denchi sochi no paji hoho oyobi sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Urata, T. [Tokyo (Japan); Yamafuji, K. [Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-01-10

    This invention provides a new method of purging the fuel cell system. The invented purge method makes it possible to prevent the hydrogen shortage state which may cause the electrode corrosion from occurring when purging the fuel cell after stopping its operation. The purge is done in the following way. The valve installed on the gas supply lines, i.e., the fuel gas supply line to the reforming process system and the reformed gas supply line to the fuel electrode are all closed to shut down the supply of both fuel gas and reformed gas to the fuel cell. Then the valves installed on the purge gas supply line to the process system and on the purge gas supply line to the air electrode are opened. Meanwhile, the valve installed on the purge gas supply line to the fuel electrode is kept closed. In this way, the process system and the air electrode are purged, while the fuel electrode keeps the reformed gas. Accordingly, a possible potential difference in the fuel gas does not cause the hydrogen shortage, preventing the corrosion of electrode material from taking place. 3 figs.

  14. Output conversion device and position locating device of solar cell. Taiyo denchi no shutsuryoku henkan sochi oyobi ichi kenshutsu sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, Masao; Kamimura, Shoji.

    1989-09-22

    This invention aims to provide an output conversion device of a soalr cell which can convert the cell output into a more easily controllable primary functional output, and a positive-locating device which utilizes it. In this invention, an exponential conversion element having exponential current-voltage characteristics is connected to the output side of the solar cell; a position locating device is connected witth the above exponential conversion element (at the output side of the solar cell) placed in the transfer passage of the transferring materials; based on the output value of the exponential conversion element, the position of the transferring material is detected. This exponebtial conversion element is preferrably an emission diode, and the input voltage into the element may be corrected by a voltage calibrating means. As a result, the solar cell can be easily used as a control sensor. 3 figs.

  15. Assessment of the ecological risk associated with the building activity in urban lands (as exemplified by the process of preparation for sochi-2014 olympic games ОЦЕНКА ЭКОЛОГИЧЕСКОГО РИСКА ПРИ ОСУЩЕСТВЛЕНИИ СТРОИТЕЛЬСТВА НА УРБАНИЗИРОВАННЫХ ТЕРРИТОРИЯХ (НА ПРИМЕРЕ ПОДГОТОВКИ К ОЛИМПИАДЕ СОЧИ-2014

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borisov Artem Sergeevich

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A detailed concept of assessment of ecological risks and a completed project that consists in the assessment of ecological risks incurred by the construction work performed within the framework of the Sochi-2014 pre-Olympic preparations are provided in the proposed article. It is proven that consideration of risks will fall within the urban development plans. The analysis of design solutions have proven that due consideration has been taken of the ecological risks associated with the Sochi-2014 Olympic and para-Olympic games, and programmes of liquidation (and further operation of temporary Olympic facilities have been prepared. Рассмотрен механизм оценки экологических рисков и проведенная оценка этих рисков, связанных с процессом строительства при подготовке Олимпиады Сочи-2014. Показано, что учет рисков будет соответствовать планам развития города.

  16. Construction of stiffening girder for Akashi straits bridge. Installation with use of latest bridging technology; Akashi kaikyo ohashi hoko keta kasetsu koji. Saishin kakyo gijutsu wo kushishite kasetsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oe, S. [Honshu-Shikoku Bridge Authority, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-05-25

    The Akashi straits bridge is the Kobe-Naruto route of the bridge connecting Honshu and Shikoku; the bridge links Kobe in Hyogo prefecture with Awaji Island and, when completed, it will be a 3-span 2-hinge suspension bridge with the longest center effective span in the world. This report centers on the outline of the construction of stiffening girders for the Akashi straits bridge and especially on the characteristics of the engineering method newly employed. As the method of installing the stiffening girders, an overhang installation of face bars was employed which was a time-tested method. As the installing direction of the side spans, it was decided to install them from the anchorage to the tower. At the beginning, six large block installations were performed. A special balance was developed for the installation of short hanger parts for the purpose of enhancing safety and reduction in the process. A rubber-tired transporting truck was adopted for transporting members of framework on the bridge. GPS survey was used as a method for surveying the configuration. The subject engineering method was based on the construction of suspension bridge stiffening trusses in the past Honshu-Shikoku connecting bridge and reinforced with the improvements as above. Since the bridge is in the middle of construction, a subsequent report will hopefully be made on the actual results of the installation and the spanning after the closure. 8 figs., 2 tabs.

  17. Evaluation of wind noise in passenger car compartment in consideration of auditory masking and sound localization; Chokaku masking to hoko chikaku wo koryoshita kazekirion hyoka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoshino, H. [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan); Kato, H. [Toyota Motor Corp., Aichi (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Discussed is a method for evaluating wind noise in passenger car compartment based on human auditory characteristics. In the study, noise in the compartment of a passenger car travelling at a constant speed is collected by use of a dummy head, and the collected noise is analyzed in view of the masking effect, directional sensation produced by binaural hearing, etc. A masked spectrum of noise in the compartment of a 6-cylinder vehicle travelling at 120km/h is analyzed, and it is found that some frequency bands, especially the band centering on 300Hz, are masked by a loud noise component falling in a low frequency band of 180Hz or lower. By use of masked spectrum analysis, the level of noise that is actually audible to human ears can be calculated. The noise level thus determined by masked spectrum analysis and the noise direction determined by a binaural signal processing model are examined, and then it is found that the noise direction is clearly determined when the noise belongs in a 450Hz band or higher where wind noise prevails. On the bases of the above-mentioned results and the directional sensation produced by binaural hearing, a `binaural wind noise evaluation method` is compiled. 20 refs., 9 figs., 1 tab.

  18. Fundamental study on PV system for floating water power device `Mighty Whale`; Okiai futaishiki haryoku sochi `Mighty Whale` eno taiyoko hatsuden sochi tosai no kihon kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Washio, Y. [Japan Marine Science and Technology Center, Kanagawa (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    Studied in this paper is the use of a photovoltaic power generation system in combination with a wave energy conversion system to cover the latter`s weak point that it is available but intermittently. An offshore floating wave power device Mighty Whale (MW) is described, which will have a wave energy absorbing air chamber in the front and an anti-rocking float that looks like a whale in the rear. The movement, up and down and back and forth, of the water surface in the air chamber due to incident waves turns the power generator turbine. Out of the space available on the MW, a 200m{sup 2} area has been specified as the place suitable for the installation of solar cells capable of a maximum output of 20kW, for which specification the elevation of the sun has been taken into account. Batteries will routinely be supplied with power in parallel from the wave activated and photovoltaic devices, the supply will be limited when the batteries are fully charged, and an auxiliary power generator will be run in case of shortage. Power that can be provided by a 20kW solar array was calculated using actual data of sunshine on the slope for each array orientation, and required battery capacity was calculated for each solar array orientation. Important items for consideration for the insurance of reliability on the ocean include measures against salt damage, detailed designing of wiring, and coordinated operation of photovoltaic and wave activated power generation systems. 3 refs., 6 figs., 5 tabs.

  19. Astronomical observation devices CIAO and COMICS for Telescope Subaru; Sugbaru boenkyo kansoku sochi CIAO/COMICS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-20

    Described herein are astronomical observation devices, a coronagraph imaging device (CIAO) and intermediate-infrared imaging spectrometer (COMICS), delivered to National Astronomical Observatory in October 1999. These devices are for the focal section of Telescope Subaru, completed in Hawaii in 1999 (devices for the first stage project), to observe various celestial objects by imaging and spectroscopically processing the infrared ray data collected by the telescope. This company has developed these devices jointly with National Astronomical Observatory as the orderer. They have been in service since December 1999 when they were set in the telescope (the attached photograph shows COMICS). Its major specifications are dimensions: 2,000 mm long, 2,000 mm wide and 1900 mm high, weight: 1,300 kg (CIAO) and 1640 kg (COMICS), and detector temperature: 35K (-238 degrees C) for CIAO and 5K (-268 degrees C) for COMICS. They are featured by the infrared sensor and optical system cooled by a system which uses a refrigerator to prevent heat radiation (infrared ray) from the ambient; and the optical system being insulated and supported by a tension strap structure to keep its performance unaffected by cooling or slanting ({+-}70 degrees). (translated by NEDO)

  20. Research on linear driving of wave maker; Zoha sochi no linear drive ka kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamamoto, I.; Taniguchi, S.; Nohara, T. [Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-10-01

    The water tank test of marine structures or submarine structures uses a wave maker to generate waves. A typical flap wave maker uses the wave making flap penetrating a water surface whose bottom is fixed on a tank bottom through a hinge, and the top is connected with a rod driven by rotating servomotor for reciprocating motion of the flap. However, this driving gear using a rotating servomotor and a bowl- screw has some defects such as noise caused by bowl rotation, backlash due to wear and limited driving speed. A linear motor with less friction mechanisms was thus applied to the driving gear. The performance test result of the prototype driving gear using a linear motor showed the possibility of the linear driven wave maker. The linear driven wave maker could also achieve low noise and simple mechanism. The sufficient durability and applicability of the linear driven wave maker mechanism were confirmed through strength calculation necessary for improving the prototype wave maker. 1 ref., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. Gas purging device for fuel cell. Nenryo denchi no gas purge sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oga, S. (Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Kawasaki (Japan))

    1990-06-14

    This invention relates to a gas purging device for replacing residual gas in the electrode of the fuel cell with inert gas at shutdown of a fuel cell particularly of a small scale portable fuel cell. Provision, practiced with the conventional fuel cell, of a separate high pressure gas tank for inert gas storage apart from the oxidizer supply system is not desirable because the system is of a large scale. According to this invention, an inert gas tank is provided for the storage of liquified inert gas which is evaporated by the heat generated from the fuel cell during operation and is used for gas purging. The size of the tank can be made smaller because approximately double amount of gas can be stored in liquefied form as compared with the conventional high pressurized gas. 1 fig.

  2. Digital radiography system, ADR-2000A; Digital gazo shori sochi ADR-2000A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    A digital radiography system, ADR-2000A has been developed. It provides high-precision images (2,048 by 2,048 pixels), and is applicable to digestive organ examination and angiography. Its major features are: (1) real time collection of the images (2,048 by 2,048 pixels, 10 bits, and 2.5 frames/s), which are useful for diagnosis of, e.g., the esophagus, radiographic timing for which is difficult (2,048 by 2,048 pixels, 10 bits, and 3.75 frames/s), (2) parallel processing for image observation (high-speed image processing), and automatic filing/filming/network image transfer, while the data are being collected, to increase examination through-put, and (3) the advanced PC techniques and the world standard medical image communication techniques adopted to decrease size and weight, and to help systematize hospital jobs, respectively. (translated by NEDO)

  3. SDI HDTV video transmission unit; SDI high vision eizo denso sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    The number is increasing of broadcasting stations who use HDTV (high-definition television) signals for program formulation for the improvement of video quality for general broadcasting programs. The above-named unit, which transmits HDTV signals which are broadcasting materials over a long distance with their high quality well preserved, is capable of the optical transmission of SDI (serial digital interface) signals meeting the standards of BTA (Broadcasting Technologies Association) on 1 video channel and 2 digital audio channels. It can also work on the light wavelength multiplex system. It was developed under the guidance of TTNet (Tokyo Telecommunication Network Co., Inc.), and gained public favor when it successfully transmitted programs over a distance of approximately 400km from Nagano to Tokyo during the Nagano Olympic Games. It now transmits various high-quality video signals for instance in the relay of baseball games, thereby contributing to the improvement of video quality for broadcasting. (translated by NEDO)

  4. Combustion equipment for fuel cell reformer. Nenryo denchi kaishitsukiyo nensho sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugimoto, Teruo.

    1989-11-15

    With regard to the fuel cell power generator utilizing cell offgas, the exhaust gas containing hydrogen ingredient from the fuel cell main body as the fuel for heat supply for reforming, it is necessary to watch always detection of ignition and existance of combustion (fire) from the safety and other viewpoints. However, in the above combustion equipment for reformer of the above power generator, the combustion is the low calorie combustion of hydrogen fuel utilizing cell offgas and detection of its ignition and fire cannot be simply done. Hence such large scale and expensive measures that a pilot burner is installed beside the main burner and an ultraviolet flame detector is used are taken or the existance of fire is judged indirectly by monitoring the temperature inside the furnace of the burner, but each of them has its shortcomings. In order to improve them, this invention proposes to mix hydrocarbon based fuel into the cell offgas for combustion, apply voltage between the burner and an electrode which is inserted into the flame of the burner and detect the value of the microcurrent running between the burner and the electrode. 4 figs.

  5. Power display unit of solar cell. Taiyo denchi shutsuryoku hyoji sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuroiwa, Mitsutoshi; Niiya, Toru; Michihira, Osamu; Kajimoto, sinji.

    1989-08-02

    There is an idea of mounting a soalr cell on the external surface of the car body, and driving a ventilation fan by the output power thereof. Even while parking in summer, it is possible to withhold the temperature rise within the car by replacing the hot air with the outside air. Recently, there is a tendency of mounting such equipments as the refrigerator or heat-retainer; this sometimes causes the shortage of the mounted battery capacity. In addition, the output of the solar cell changes by the weather often causing unstable action of the eauipments. In this invention, a means of display is equipped wherein the operable equipments are selected among the plural number of the equipments according to he detected value measured by a detector of the solar cell output. The crew of a car can accurately select the operable equipment guided by this display, thus avoiding an imperfect action of the car-borne equipments. 10 figs.

  6. Power generation device of artificial satellite. Jinko eisei no hatsuden sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujita, Takashi.

    1989-11-01

    As the conventional artificial satellite lacks a power generation controlling ability, a separate power controller is required which reduces the weight efficiency. It is not easy to freely control the photovoltaic ability of a solar cell projected on a satellite without causing an external turbulent moment on the main satellite body. For solving this problem, in this invention, in case a power is generated by a solar cell panel installed on the satellite in a pair, a shielding film and its driving device are equipped wherein the shielding film is made freely windable along the light receiving surface of a pair of the soalr cell panels and mutually movable in the opposite directions. By this, the device requires no shunt circuit, thus improving the economy, and reducing the total weight of the satellite. 2 figs.

  7. Development of a domestic platn cultivation unit. Kateiyo saibai sochi no gaiyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugimoto, K. (The Tohoku Electric Power Co. Inc., Sendai (Japan))

    1993-06-15

    This paper describes development and operation evaluation on a domestic plant cultivating unit that can cultivate plants throughout a year by installing a prototype cultivating device effectively utilizing electric power, and controlling the cultivation environments. The prototype plant cultivating device uses trially an air cooling heat pump for general household use with high general-purpose applicability installed in a glass greenhouse with an area of about 10 m[sup 2], similar to those used by orchid lover club members. The device also uses commercially available humidifying and ventilating devices. No household horticultural facilities in cold district have ever used this kind of heat pump. Generally, cultivating environments in glass greenhouses are affected more easily by outside climate change as the greenhouse volume becomes smaller. For this reason, with this small-scale prototype cultivating device, orchids are cultivated to identify cultivating environments, and study technological development on controls over proper year-round cultivation and effective cultivation environments, as well as development and operation evaluation on household plant cultivation devices. 2 figs., 1 tab.

  8. Synthesis of bipedal motion resembling actual human walking by neural oscillators and genetic algorithms; Shinkei shindoshi to identeki arugorizumu wo mochiita mi 2 soku hoko ruii undo no seisei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hase, K.; Yamazaki, N. [Keio Univ., Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Science and Technology

    1997-05-31

    The human body motion like walking is not only a motion of musculoskeleton controlled by neural system, but also a synthetic result of passive resistant force generated by muscles, gravity force and inertial force acting at mass distribution of the human body. Therefore, the body motion is closely related to the morphological trait of the motion body-itself. In fact, the human walking pattern is similar to a natural vibration mode while using a multiple oscillator to model the human body. In this study, in order to reproduce the morphology of human body truly and apply it in practical walking analysis of imaginary human being, a mechanical model of whole body that simulates the main morphological trait and musculoskeletal system of a human body and a human walking simulator formed by neural models worked by neural oscillators are developed. It may be predicted that the influences of changing of morphology of human body upon the human walking manner which are required by plastic surgery and anthropology may be estimated by using the model thus developed. 19 refs., 7 figs., 3 tabs.

  9. Electrolyzed-water generator 'SaniBoy'; Eisei jokinsuik kyokyu sochi 'SaniBoy'

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inoue, M.; Kakiuchi, H.; Muto, K. [Fuji Electric Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-03-10

    In the food industry, injuries due to food poisoning have been increasing. Especially the mass outbreak of food poisoning by Escherichia coli such as O-157 in 1996 gave warning on the importance of food sanitation management. Public efforts such as the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system have been made to prevent food poisoning. Recently, disinfection made by electrolyzing water with some salt added has attracted attention. Fuji Electric has developed the generator 'SaniBoy' that produces weak alkaline electrolyzed water without wasting water. The environment-friendly 'SaniBoy' will contribute to sanitation in various fields. (author)

  10. On-line lubricating oil refinery kidney system for ship. Hakuyo junkatsuyu seijo risaikuru sochi (kidonii system)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sumimoto, M.

    1992-12-01

    A report is made on the kidney system which has been developed based on the concept of 'avoiding production of waste oil by balancing the mixed amount of contaminant and removed amount of mixed impurities'. The system removes impurities of less than 10 microns by a low speed centrifugal separator, is equipped with a filter called 'nephron' for capturing fine particles of approximately 1 micron, and has a function of supplying alumina and detergent which are rapidly consumed. A number of merits are obtained for a ship whose 2 auxiliary machines are controlled by a common kidney system. Consumption of L.O., the wear of liners, and the wear of rings are saved to about halves. The time intervals for piston exchanging and engine overhauling are extended. The abrasion of various parts of the engine of an LPG tanker, built in 1978 and operating even at present without changing L.O. for 57,000 hours in 14 years, is in far better conditions than originally expected. 4 figs.

  11. Are Olympic athletes free from cardiovascular diseases? Systematic investigation in 2352 participants from Athens 2004 to Sochi 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelliccia, Antonio; Adami, Paolo Emilio; Quattrini, Filippo; Squeo, Maria Rosaria; Caselli, Stefano; Verdile, Luisa; Maestrini, Viviana; Di Paolo, Fernando; Pisicchio, Cataldo; Ciardo, Roberto; Spataro, Antonio

    2017-02-01

    Olympic athletes represent model of success in our society, by enduring strenuous conditioning programmes and achieving astonishing performances. They also raise scientific and clinical interest, with regard to medical care and prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) abnormalities. Our aim was to assess the prevalence and type of CV abnormalities in this selected athlete's cohort. 2352 Olympic athletes, mean age 25±6, 64% men, competing in 31 summer or 15 winter sports, were examined with history, physical examination, 12-lead and exercise ECG and echocardiography. Additional testing (cardiac MRI, CT scan) or electrophysiological assessments were selectively performed when indicated. Prevalence and type of CV findings, abnormalities and diseases found in Olympic athletes over 10 years. A subset of 92 athletes (3.9%) showed abnormal CV findings. Structural abnormalities included inherited cardiomyopathies (n=4), coronary artery disease (n=1), perimyocarditis (n=4), myocardial bridges (n=2), valvular and congenital diseases (n=45) and systemic hypertension (n=10). Primary electrical diseases included atrial fibrillation (n=2), supraventricular reciprocating tachycardia (n=14), complex ventricular tachyarrhythmias (non-sustained ventricular tachycardia, n=7; bidirectional ventricular tachycardia, n=1) or major conduction disorders (Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW), n=1; Long QT syndrome (LQTS), n=2). Our study revealed an unexpected prevalence of CV abnormalities among Olympic athletes, including a small, but not negligible proportion of pathological conditions at risk. This observation suggests that Olympic athletes, despite the absence of symptoms or astonishing performances, are not immune from CV disorders and might be exposed to unforeseen high-risk during sport activity. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  12. Study of control system for self-commutated converter compensator. Jireishiki muko denryoku hosho sochi no seigyo hoshiki no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki, K.; Nakajima, T. (The Tokyo Electric Power Co. Inc., Tokyo (Japan)); Konishi, H.; Nakamura, T. (Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1992-01-20

    A new control system with high response speed for self -commutated Static Var Compensator(SVC) has been developed. This system does not require phase detection, obtains real and imaginary components of instantaneous power from AC voltage and AC current of the system, and conducts vector control(VQ vector control) using these components. The operation process and the control principle in the VQ vector control system acre explained by block diagram. Then, responses of the system in each case of system start-up operation, sudden change of AC voltage magnitude, sudden phase change, and one phase line grounded fault were investigated by digital simulations of Electro-Magnetic Transients Program(EMTP). As a result, effectiveness of the control system by this system was verified. Sampling periods of input signals for digitalizing the control system were also examined by digital simulations and Bode diagram. Results of both methods agreed well with each other, and it was found that O.3ms or less is a suitable value. 6 refs., 12 figs.

  13. Aspirin content determination with control systems by image processing technology. Gazo shori gijutsu wo katsuyoshita jozai aspirin kensa sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, K. (Lion Corp., Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-08-05

    An inspection apparatus for aspirin tablets utilizing image processing technology was developed. One side of a tablet consists of aspirin layer and another side consists of alkiline layer. The alkaline layer is opaque at all but the aspirin layer is translucent. Image of overall configuration of the tablet is taken in CCD camera by illumination from all surrounding sides. The area is measured by using these images. Then, when switching off the surrounding illumination and illuminating the aspirin side, only aspirin side layer shines. The area is determined by taking the image in CCD. Aspirin content is calculated by the ratio of overall images to aspirin image and the predetermined tablet weight. Tablets of different aspirin content were prepared, and the content determined by this method and the chemically determined contents were compared. High correlation was found between both contents, indicating the validity of the image processing method. When the aspirin content is out of 330 {plus minus} 10mg, the controlling mechanism works, by which unmanned operation will be possible. 8 figs.

  14. Development of an automatic measurement for ac losses in superconductors; Jido koryu sonshitsu sokutei sochi no kaihatsu (5)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsumura, K.; Tanaka, H.; Kajikawa, K.; Iwakuma, M.; Funaki, K. [Kyushu Univ., Fukuoka (Japan)

    2000-05-29

    An automatic measuring equipment for AC loss which was an important factor of superconducting conductor and winding was developed, and was already successfully tested on measurement of AC loss of superconducting winding. In this study, AC loss of 1000 kVA-22 kV/ 6.9 kV oxide superconducting transformer was electrically measured using this equipment. The primary side of transformer was short cut, 60 Hz current was applied from the secondary side winding, and AC loss of the both windings was obtained from secondary voltage and primary current. In order to detect loss components accurately, canceling treatment of induced components is necessary. For automation of canceling, an automatic canceling circuit was manufactured using photo-MOS relay as a switching element capable of electronic control. AC loss could be measured with this equipment even if power ratio was small. (NEDO)

  15. Development of the automatic measurement system for ac losses in superconductors; Jido koryu sonshitsu sokutei sochi no kaihatsu (4)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsumura, K.; Kajikawa, K.; Iwakuma, M.; Funaki, K. [Kyushu University, Fukuoka (Japan)

    1999-11-10

    The rapid extension of the application field of the superconductive technology is expected by the discovery of the oxide superconductor. Though research and development for the sake is carried out in many research institute, it is quick in order to attempt the efficiency improvement of that research, and it is necessary to develop the equipment which can be evaluated simply and high-precise in respect of characteristics of the superconductive conductor. In this study, by putting the marketing in the future in visual field, it aims even in the characteristic inside of the superconductive conductor at the development of automatic alternating current measuring device of the important ac loss. And, it is possible that this equipment also carries out not only wire rod but also loss measurement of coil winding. Ac loss measurement of superconductive pulse coil of refrigerating machine direct cooling system was carried out using this measuring device this time. (NEDO)

  16. Hosting international events as a national branding campaign. 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi as a case study.

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdanov, Evgeny

    2014-01-01

    Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler. Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library. Vain tiivi...

  17. Fatigue testing system and result of long-term operation. Goku teion hiro shiken sochi to unten kekka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuri, T.; Nagai, K.; Ogata, T.; Umezawa, O.; Ishikawa, K. (National Research Institute for Metals, Tsukuba (Japan))

    1991-06-25

    Specification and test result were explained of/by cryogenic temperature fatigue tester using liquid helium. Form the viewpoint of preventing helium gas from polluting, adoption therein was made of cryogenic temperature system to cool the test specimen and recondensation/refrigeration system, separated from the refrigerator. Helium gas could be therefore liquefied and reutilized, having evaporated by invasion of heat generated from the test specimen and heat taken in from the outside during the fatigue test. The maximum load of that tester is dynamically {plus minus} 5ton and statically {plus minus} 7.5ton. The fatigue test could be conducted during many hours at liquid helium temperature without liquid helium replenished from the outside and restarted in about ore hour, as the required time was shortened to change test specimens. Rated operation can be started in about six hours after the operational start of refrigeration and continued during more than 1000h. The number of operational hours attained to 5500 in seven years so that the recondensation/refrigeration system was demonstrated to be effective. 10 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Slide gate system; improvement in the workability exchanging refractories; Taikabutsu no kokan sagyo wo kaizenshita suraido geto sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, H.; Hara, K.; Hayashi, K.; Kawamura, T. [Toshiba Cermics Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-03-10

    As for the control facility of the melting steel flow quantity for ladle called slide gate, many improvement and modification have been done so far from a viewpoint of its usage. However under a severe use conditions, the steel making site, the existing various facilities are not necessarily satisfied from an aspect of work environment when exchanging refractories. In existing facilities, a method to fix the plate refractories by bolts through the person`s help occupies its main current. An especially difficult work is the furnishing and dismantling of the plate refractories and the loading and release work of the surface pressure to the plate refractories. The slide gate facility, which paid attention to simplify these works, was developed in Switzerland, and then it was used as a practical machine firstly in Japan. The distinctive features of this facility is that an exchange work of the plate refractories is simple, a time required for exchanging the refractories is short, in addition the differences between individual workers are a little. Up to present, it serviced for a casting of total 3200 feet and being operating satisfactorily. 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. Self-Inflicted Wounds: Russia’s Failed Chechen and North Caucasus Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-22

    Olympics in Sochi , which is a city in the Krasnodar Territory of Russia.26 Sochi is a resort area on the Black Sea coast, which nestles against the North...2014 Winter Olympics in the Black Sea city of Sochi , near the North Caucasus.244 The International Olympic Committee though, has stated they have no...the territories proximity to the planned 2014 Olympic Games in Sochi .317 The games will be located less than 200 miles from Stavropol and easily

  20. GO RUTA SETSWANA 0 IKAEGILE MO SETSO -TIKOLOGONG

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    bana bogolo 1 Dithamalakwane ke1 farafarileng. o lhale, nt1hot1ho. ruta a o ot1 mosola hoko di oketsa mo 1 e pile ba dithamalakwane fa ka kgona morutabana nako Ke go go baneng ya ke Di 1emogi1e kitso t1ha1osa itse mongwe na di thuto. kwa ba a le ka le lemoga metlae fa Batswana. sekolong wa dil go di1o go ...

  1. Vertical vibration control system for PC cable-stayed bridge during cantilever construction; Shuketa jogedo seishin sochi ni yoru haridashi sekoji no PC shachokyo no seishin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oshio, M.; Nakano, R.; Niihara, Y.; Yano, K.; Takeda, T. [Kajima Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1995-12-20

    A PC cable-stayed bridge under extension construction having long span length may have long-cycle vibration generated because of wind. The vibration puts workers working on main girders into a state of seasick causing the workability to drop. Therefore, with an objective to reduce vibration occurring on the main girders during construction, discussions were given on application of an active type vertical vibration absorbing device. The vibration absorbing device is an active system that a weight is driven vertically by a hydraulic actuator. The device was developed with a target that damping ratio when a maximum extension is 120 m becomes three times that when no vibration is absorbed for a 5-span continuous PC cable-stayed bridge with a length of 675 m, a central span of 260 m, and a width of 11 m. A cage housing the weight is connected with the actuator at its top by using pins, and the weight is supported being suspended from the top of the actuator. Vibration is absorbed by utilizing reactive force generated when the weight is driven vertically by the hydraulic actuator. The hydraulic actuator contains a gas spring that supports the dead weight of the weight. Experiments have verified the effectiveness of the vertical vibration absorbing device. 4 refs., 12 figs., 3 tabs.

  2. Scientific Rationale and Algorithmization of Sochi Resort Natural and Preformed Physical Therapeutic Factors in the Course of Combined Treatment of Patients with Chronic Vulvovaginitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirill V. Gordon

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Chronic vulvovaginitis is the most wide-spread gynecological pathology among women of childbearing age. The chief causations of nonspecific vulvovaginitis are reduction in oestrogen, disturbances in vaginal acidity, intestine dysbacteriosis, local and general immune disturbances. The growth of vagina opportunistic pathogenic flora is closely connected with the increase of bacterial slimes on vagina mucus. Sulphur balneotherapy in the form of general baths and vaginal irrigations, mechanical physiotherapy promotes disruption of bacterial slimes, oestrogen elevation, immune reconstruction and vaginal biocenosis, which has positive effect on patients’ fertility level, frequency of obstetrical and perinatal pathologies.

  3. Output characteristics of floating type wave power generator system using a ball screw; Fuyugata nejishiki haryoku hatsuden sochi no shutsuryoku tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abe, T.; Omata, K. [Meiji University, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    A floating type wave power generator system using a ball screw is proposed. Output characteristics are simulated on the supposition of its employment aboard a navigational aid buoy. The relative linear movement produced by waves between the main body and float is transmitted via a load column to a ball nut and is converted into a rotary movement of a threaded shaft engaging the ball nut. Attached to the bottom end of the threaded shaft is a one-way clutch which connects to the generator axle when the relative velocity between the float and main body is positive. The simulation was conducted for a wave activated power generation buoy, 2.6m in outer diameter, 4.5m in length, and 6000kg in total mass. The buoy generated a mechanical output of 340kW when exposed to a sinusoidal wave 2.5 seconds in period and 40cm in wave height. A tank test was performed using a reduced scale model consisting of a ball screw, bicycle dynamo, and float, with the main body being 318mm in diameter and 833mm in length, when an average output of 4.51W was obtained at 60% efficiency. The results of the experiment agreed in some degree with the results of calculation, verifying the righteousness of the theoretical formula. 3 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

  4. Study of seismic data acquisition using physical modeling system; Butsuri model jikken sochi wo mochiita data shutoku gijutsu ni kansuru kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsukui, R.; Tsuru, T. [Tech. Research Center, Japan National Oil Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Matsuoka, T. [Japan Petroleum Exploration Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-05-01

    The Physical Modeling System introduced into the Technology Research Center, Japan National Oil Corporation, and data collected by use of the system are presented. The Physical Modeling System is 10,000 times smaller than the real one, comprising a water tub section, measuring device section, and control section, etc. The water tub section comprises a tub for housing the model, transducers for transmitting and receiving vibration, controllers, etc. The water tub measures 1.8{times}1.2{times}0.9m. The model used in the experiment is an `inclined multilayer model` with each of its six layers pinching out toward the top, and is usable for the comparison of various migration methods. In one case in the records, reception was made at 184 reception points deployed at intervals of 3mm, when the minimum offset was 15mm and the maximum offset 564mm. Nothing very obvious was observed when the ordinary overlapping of DMO and CDP was applied to this record, which suggests that pre-overlapping migration treatment is required. 5 figs.

  5. Study of seismic data acquisition using physical modeling system; Butsuri model jikken sochi wo mochiita data shutoku gijutsu ni kansuru kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsukui, R.; Tsuru, T. [Japan National Oil Corp., Tokyo (Japan). Technology Research Center; Matsuoka, T [Japan Petroleum Exploration Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-10-01

    For the physical modeling system of Technology Research Center, Japan National Oil Corporation, data acquisition on the ocean and ground can be simulated using models. This system can provide data for verification of the data processing and elastic wave simulation algorithm. This can also provide data for decision of experiment specifications by making a model simulating the underground structure of the given test field. The model used for the physical modeling system is a gradient multilayer model with six-layer structure. Depth migration before stacking was conducted using data obtained through two acquisition methods, i.e., up-dip acquisition and down-dip acquisition. The depth migration before stacking was performed for data obtained by up-dip acquisition in addition to the records obtained by down-dip acquisition. Consequently, a definite reflection surface was observed, which has not been observed from the processing results of down-dip acquisition data. 9 figs.

  6. Uninterrupted power system, carried by a bogie truck, for National Space Development Agency; Uchu Kaihatsu Jigyodan muke unpan daishayo muteiden dengen sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-10

    National Space Development Agency is constructing a rocket launching station for H-IIA rockets at its Tanegashima Space Center, to strengthen international competitive power for launching rockets. Fuji Electric has delivered the uninterrupted system, carried by a bogie truck, to supply power to the rocket devices, e.g., computer, while the rocket is transferred from the assembling line to launching site. The system has the following major features. The structure is of a horizontal type with limited height, to satisfy the special condition of being carried by a bogie truck. It is a completely closed, air-tight structure, cooled by an air conditioner, to prevent corrosion by salt, in consideration of severe natural conditions because the center is near sea. It is also designed to be resistant to vibration, to be safely carried by a bogie truck. (NEDO)

  7. Development of an engineering model of centrifuge rotor for a gravity generator; Doryoku hassei sochi centrifuge rotor no EM no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    Commissioned from the National Space Development Agency of Japan, the Company is developing a gravity generator intended for life science experiments in space environment. The centrifuge rotor is mounted on a space station being built by America on an orbit. The rotor has a capability of generating artificial gravity of 0.1 to 2.2 G by rotating a rotating body with a diameter of about 2.5 m, which mounts a maximum of eight living organism breeding boxes called habitats. The key point in the development is a high-level vibration suppressing technology to provide the experimenters with a stabilized artificial gravity environment, and minimize effects on other gravity-free experiments performed in the space station. An engineering model (EM) is being fabricated and tested, and the development is moved forward toward the launch in August 2004. (translated by NEDO)

  8. Fundamental principles of a new EM tool for in-situ resistivity measurement; Denji yudoho ni yoru den`ichi hiteiko sokutei sochi no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Noguchi, K.; Aoki, H. [Waseda University, Tokyo (Japan). School of Science and Engineering; Saito, A. [Mitsui Mineral Development Engineering Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-05-01

    For the purpose of measuring in-situ resistivity without contact with the rock, a study was made about a measuring device using electromagnetic induction. This measuring device has two concentric transmission loops and a receiving point at the center of the loops, and performs focusing by canceling the primary magnetic field at the receiving point. Using this device, a trial was made to eliminate the influence of surface undulation. In the model calculation, response was calculated after the structure with a heavily undulated ground surface was replaced by a two-layer structure with the first layer provided with a higher resistivity. In the model, the first layer had a resistivity of 10000 Ohm m, and the second layer 1000 Ohm m. Using the ratio between the transmission loop radii as a parameter, relationship with the thickness of the first layer was studied, and it was found that the sensitivity to the second layer resistivity increases when the inner and outer loops are nearer to each other in terms of radius and that this eliminates the influence near the surface layer. A decision needs to fall within a scope assuring good reception because response intensity decreases as the ratio between the transmission loop radii approaches 1. 3 refs., 11 figs.

  9. Development of the electromagnetic tomography system. Field test results using existing equipment; EM tomography system no kaihatsu. Kison sochi ni yoru test sokutei kekka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumekawa, Y.; Miura, Y.; Takasugi, S. [Geothermal Energy Research and Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan); Arai, E. [Metal Mining Agency of Japan, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-05-01

    With the purpose of developing an electromagnetic tomography system, an observation was carried out with existing equipment combined, and the data was analyzed. The measuring equipment consisted of existing borehole vertical magnetic field sensors as the sensor part, MT method receivers as the receiving device, and existing CSMT method transmitters as the transmitting device. The measuring was performed at the Richmond Field Station which was abundant in existing data and which had a comparatively simple resistivity structure. The borehole vertical magnetic field sensors were lowered inside the borehole, and signal sources were arranged at 10m apart on the traverse line in the direction from northeast to southwest with the borehole as the center. The analysis of the data was made with the use of EM1D by three models, namely, 10 ohm{center_dot}m homogeneous earth model, 100 ohm{center_dot}m homogeneous earth model, and horizontal 7 layer model prepared on the basis of electric logging results; and a comparative examination was made against the measured data. As a result, it was demonstrated that the test measurement agreed very well with the model from the electric logging results and that it was the data reflecting a resistivity structure. 8 refs., 6 figs.

  10. Development of underwater structure inspecting equipment utilizing ROV (Remotely operated vehicle). ROV (yusakushiki mujin sensuiki) riyo ni yoru suichu kozobutsu kensa sochi no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawa, A. (Ministru of Transport, Tokyo (Japan)); Tanaka, M. (Penta-Ocean Construction Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)); Watanabe, N. (Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1991-07-25

    An underwater structure inspecting equipment was developed that uses an ROV (cabled unmanned diving machine) capable of survey and measurement at high accuracy. The underwater structure inspection system comprises an inspecting unit to clean the surface of a structure to observe and measure corrosion and cracks, an ROV to move and retain the inspection unit through remote control, and an elevator unit linked with the former two units and equipped with a function to lift and lower the inspection unit to desired depths. The ROV mounted with the inspection unit swims and approaches a target structure, and grips steel pipes of the structure using its holding arms to clean the pipes and measure their thickness. A prototype machine was used to prove the performance for ROV swimming and gripping verification test, gripping power test, test of turning round the pipes, depth indicator and wave condition test, and cleaning and inspection test. There was no large difference between measurements of the pipe thickness obtained by human divers and the ROV. The demonstration test for the entire system provided satisfactory results, enabling to establish targets toward a compact and light weight practical machine. 7 figs., 5 tabs.

  11. On the Problems of Strategic Development of Tourism in the Regions of Russia (Case of the Krasnodar Region and the Resort City of Sochi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmitry Evgenievich Sorokin

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the problems of strategic development of tourism in the economy of the Russian regions. These problems arise in the period of transition from regulatory functions of the market to the management of long-term development based on the strategic objectives and flagship projects that can achieve these goals in practice. In such a case, the tourism sector of the regional economy is suggested to be considered not within the narrow framework of the tour operator and hotel business activity as it takes place in Russia, but on the much broader scale involving 50 branches of the modern economy as it is increasingly used worldwide. The authors’ hypothesis comes from the fact that in modern conditions, the development and implementation of the strategies of the recreation and tourism industries in the Russian regions can only be effective through the creation and promotion of large diversified knowledge-based competitive regional tourism products at new technological level. The paper clearly demonstrates the group methods of regional strategic planning such as brainstorming and foresight (forecasting and future shaping. The results of the research substantiate not only the need to amend the legislative framework and the current management system of the Russian tourism, to actively elaborate and implement the regional development strategies, to carry out tourism development studies aimed at its commercial success but also the importance of convincing representation of the civilizational advantages of the Russian world and Russian civilization through the tourism.

  12. Dynamic response of sliding isolating system using low yield strength steel; Goku nanko riyo suberishiki menshin sochi no doteki oto tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagamachi, K.; Koike, T.; Wakinaga, T.; Nishimura, N. [Kawasaki Steel Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-01-01

    Bridge structure provided with the seismic isolation system discussed in this paper is subjected to analysis for its response to seismic motion for the study of the effect of the seismic isolation system. The isolation system has a low yield strength steel damper sandwiched between the upper and lower structures, and the relative displacement between the upper and lower structures is absorbed when the low yield strength tube is distorted for the absorption of seismic energy. In the analysis of its response to seismic motion, data of the Tokachioki-Hachinohe earthquake is used to represent a level 1 input and that of the Hyogo-ken Nambu earthquake a level 2 input. Findings are obtained as mentioned below. The isolation system is effective against level-2 seismic waves from earthquakes taking place just under and from those taking place between plates in the ocean. When the isolating system is optimally designed, as compared with the rigid system in the absence of an isolating system, the displacement of the lower structure due to seismic motion is reduced by 80% with the isolation system and by 70% with a damper. The sliding isolation system discussed in this report is applied to a steel bridge model built after the Ministry of Construction`s manual for isolating roads and bridges from seismic motion, and it is confirmed that the new system is effective in isolating the structures from seismic motion. 2 refs., 11 figs., 2 tabs.

  13. Installation of new slimtube and core flooding apparatus in our laboratory; Shinki surimu chubu oyobi koa raddeingu jikken sochi no donyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakamura, T.; Akita, Y.; Sato, Y.; Taya, Y. [Japan National Oil Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-10-30

    Slimtube experimental equipment, which measure the minimum miscibility pressure (MMP), is updated this year. The equipment is assembled in TRC. The equipment becomes smaller, and make it possible to pump oil and gas directly into the slim tube, which is also updated. A core flooding system for gas flood is also introduced in this year. Now we can measure the relative permeability of oil/water and oil/gas using the core flooding system made by Coretest systems, inc. (author)

  14. Collective control device for Tachibana Bay Thermal Power Plant of Electric Power Development Company; Dengen Kaihatsu (kabu) Tachibanawan karyoku hatsudensho muke tokatsu kanri sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-01-10

    The collective control device is intended for efficiency improvement and safety assurance in daily maintenance and periodical checking works by collectively controlling maintenance and operation data in a power plant on a network. Fuji Electric has a schedule of starting operation in January 2001 the plant patrolling device, disaster preventing and monitoring device, comprehensive information management equipment, and collective LAN facilities to integrate the above items of equipment for Tachibana Bay Thermal Power Plant of Power Source Development Company. The plant patrolling device has 78 ITV cameras installed in the power plant ground, and displays image signals incorporated from the main devices and each site on CRTs installed in the operation center and offices via an image control device to achieve higher density in monitoring work. The collective control device has such functions to change over images sequentially according to previously registered changeover patterns, and display images in interlock with event occurrence such as burner ignition, in addition the function to select images arbitrarily. (NEDO)

  15. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on auxiliary New Sunshine Project. Development of coal hydrogasification technology (Survey and research on its social acceptability); 1999 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Sekitan suiso tenka gaska gijutsu kaihatsu - Shakai tekigo sei ni kansuru chosa kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    With an objective to evaluate feasibility of practical use and economy of the coal hydrogasification technology (the ARCH process), survey and research have been performed. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1999. In the survey on the social acceptability, survey has been made on the future trend in the demand and supply and the price of LNG, LPG, and coal for hydrogasification. As a result, it was discovered that the price of LNG imported into Japan is determined as if linked with the crude oil price, and Saudi Arabia is the price leader of the LPG price. With respect to the survey on the possibility of international cooperation, surveys were conducted on the prospects of the long-term demand and supply in China, natural gas resources, and the demand and supply thereof. The feasibility study has estimated the product gas manufacturing cost after the process has been improved. In the trial calculation on the three-mode cost, it was discovered that, although the profit from byproducts is great, the BTX maximized mode causes the manufacturing cost to be higher by as much as 2 to 3 yen per Nm{sup 3} than that of other modes because of higher unit consumption in raw materials and higher construction cost. (NEDO)

  16. Report on a project to support promotion of forming an environmentally friendly energy community. Survey on business feasibility of electric power generation utilizing combustible wastes solidified fuel in the Kishu and Kumano living area; Kankyo chowagata energy community keisei sokushin hojo jigyo chosa hokokusho. Kishu Kumano seikatsuken'iki ni okeru kanensei haikibutsu kokeika nenryo riyo hatsuden jigyo no jigyoka kanosei chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    Surveys and discussions were given on business feasibility of a wide area RDF power generation system in the Kishu and Kumano living area. The discussions dealt with as wide area as transcending prefectural borders and including the southern parts of Mie and Nara Prefectures with the city of Shingu as the central part. Wastes generation amount is estimated to be about 70,000 tons at the present as wastes that can be turned into RDF, and to be decreased to 67,000 tons in 2018. The manufactured RDF has calorific power of 3500 to 4500 kcal/kg, two to three times greater than that of wastes. The RDF manufacturing facilities installed in cities, towns and villages have capacity of 30 to 50 tons a day, with that in the city of Shingu being the largest at about 78 tons a day. Transportation can be implemented most efficiently when road transportation is used. The RDF power generation system will consist of a fluid bed furnace, a plasma type ash melting furnace, and a bag filter plus activated carbon absorbing tower. The RDF manufacturing cost will be 27,900 yen per ton of wastes in the case of the city of Shingu. In terms of business profitability, the RDF power generation must find sources to pay 21,400 yen per ton of RDF even if the power sale revenue is considered. (NEDO)

  17. Results of the supplementary work to the fiscal 1994 New Sunshine Project. Development of geothermal power plants, etc. (development of production, technology for deep-seated geothermal resources); 1994 nendo new sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant to kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-01

    The paper reports on the fiscal 1994 results of the study of the development of a technology for collecting deep-seated geothermal resources, which has been made for increasing the capacity of the geothermal power generation as a part of the New Sunshine Project. As a plan for the development, a development is made of logging equipment and its auxiliary system and then characteristics of the deep-seated geothermal well are clarified. The logging equipment is a PTSD (pressure/temperature/spinner flow-meter/fluid density) logger which stands the use at deep-seated geothermal wells of 400{degree}C and 490 kgf/cm{sup 2} and measures pressure, temperature, flow rate and fluid density under static and dynamic conditions. In this fiscal year, metal seals were developed for preventing geothermal fluids from penetrating into the PT probe. Qualities and inner/outer diameters of various kinds of structural materials used in the S probe were determined, and output necessary enough to detect the rotation number is obtained. Measuring precision of D logging by {gamma} rays was evaluated. The study was made of the monitoring technology including the borehole and ground measuring system, the borehole fluid sampling and the scale formation. Relating to the tracer widely used in monitoring of hydrothermal reservoirs, investigated was the trend of the technology from abroad. 8 refs., 60 figs., 26 tabs.

  18. Report on New Sunshine Program-supported undertakings for fiscal 1997. Development of hot water power plant and deep-seated geothermal resources sampling/exploiting technologies; 1997 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Reported are the results of researches conducted in fiscal 1997. In the field of PTSD (Pressure, Temperature, Spinner flowmeter, fluid Density) well logging, the high-temperature performance of a memory type PT (Pressure, Temperature) well logger is confirmed in a demonstration test. As for the S-probe, modification is effected for the reduction of the outside diameter from 70mm to 56mm, and tests are conducted in real wells. As for the D-probe, a laboratory test is conducted and then the probe behaves as predicted. In the field of PCT (Pressure, Chemical, Temperature) monitoring, the sampler is subjected to an on-site test in Italy, when water is successfully sampled out of the well. In the field of scale monitoring technique, deep-seated fluid is collected and examined, and the scale deposition rate in the deep-seated fluid is determine. For the study of production control technology with respect to scale prevention and removal, an Mg-Si scale synthesis test is conducted in the temperature range of 100-300degC, and it is found that the solubility of scale decreases with a rise in temperature. 19 refs., 93 figs., 24 tabs.

  19. Report on New Sunshine Program-supported undertakings for fiscal 1995. Development of hot water power plant and deep-seated geothermal resources sampling/exploiting technologies; 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Reported are the results of researches conducted in fiscal 1995. For the formulation of a general development design, data are collected about domestic high-temperature thermal wells through questionnaires and literature probing, and are scrutinized. As for the development of logging technology, a memory type PT (Pressure, Temperature) logger is experimentally constructed, and is found to properly operate in an environment of up to 350degC in a production well. An experimentally manufactured S-probe proves to be capable of heat insulation and sealing. In the field of PT monitoring, a high-temperature optical fiber is experimentally fabricated for study, capable of measuring temperatures up to 400degC. As for the development of high-temperature tracer monitoring technology, basic experiments are conducted about the thermal characteristics of aromatic acids, and preparatory experiments about gas phase tracers. In the study of scale monitoring technology, deep-seated fluids are collected and analyzed. In the field of production control, technical problems are discussed and information is gathered centering on methods for scale prevention and removal. 31 refs., 90 figs., 40 tabs.

  20. Значение олимпийского наследия в пилотном проекте Сочинско-Туапсинской курортной агломерации

    OpenAIRE

    КОЗИНСКИЙ ОЛЕГ ФИЛИППОВИЧ; КОЗИНСКАЯ ОЛЬГА ВИКТОРОВНА; ШАРАФУТДИНОВ ВЛАДИМИР НАСИБУЛЛОВИЧ; КЛЕЙМЕНОВА НАТАЛЬЯ НИКОЛАЕВНА

    2015-01-01

    Last year the concept of Sochi-Tuapse resort development as agglomeration was included into the Russian Agglomeration Development Pilot Projects. The article proposes an agglomeration model of Greater Sochi as a first phase in a spatial development of the Black Sea resort agglomeration (Black Sea Ecopolis) from the Crimea to Abkhazia, capable of competing with the world''s best tourist centers. The concept of Greater Sochi relies on the research of natural, cultural and historical resources, ...

  1. PS-InSAR Monitoring of Landslide Activity in the Black Sea Coast of the Caucasus

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kiseleva, E.; Mikhailov, V.; Smolyaninova, E.; Dmitriev, P.; Golubev, V.; Timoshkina, E.; Hooper, A.; Samiei-Esfahany, S.; Hanssen, R.F.

    2014-01-01

    The landslide activity in the area of Bolshoy Sochi (Big Sochi) situated at the Black Sea coast of the Great Caucasus has been studied using the StaMPS PS-InSAR method. We incorporated three sets of radar images from the satellites with different wavelengths ALOS, Envisat and Terra-SAR-X from both

  2. Customs & freight forwarding guide: February 2013

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The Sochi 2014 Customs and Freight Guide is intended for Olympic and Paralympic Families and other Games-related organizations. This guide provides practical insights about how to import and export various types of goods to and from Russia, for use in connection with the Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

  3. Customs leaflet: December 2013

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The Sochi 2014 "Customs leaflet" is intended for Olympic and Paralympic Family organisations and provides short practical insights on how to import and export various types of goods to and from Russia for organizing and staging the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic and Paralympic Games. More detailed information is provided in the “Customs and freight forwarding guide.

  4. Customs & freight forwarding guide for NOCs and NPCs: October 2013

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    The Sochi 2014 Customs and Freight Guide is intended for Olympic and Paralympic Families and other Games-related organizations. This guide provides practical insights about how to import and export various types of goods to and from Russia, for use in connection with the Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games.

  5. Disease: H00788 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H00788 Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome is a severe vari...he congenital form of X-linked dyskeratosis congenita (Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome). Eur J Pediatr 162:863...ourenco CM, Scrideli CA, Ferriani VP, Tone LG, Vulliamy T, Sakamoto-Hojo ET Genomic instability in Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome. Pediatr Blood Cancer 54:779-80 (2010) ...

  6. Fiscal 1995 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the deep geothermal resource collecting technology (development of the deep geothermal resource drilling technology); 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the fiscal 1995 R and D on the development of deep geothermal resource collecting/drilling technology. In the design of a total development, the trend of technical development was examined of bits, cement and DHM overseas. Further, the simulational prediction was conducted in deep geothermal drilling. As to the development of element technology of hard high temperature strata drilling, the R and D of seal mechanism, bearing mechanism and cutter mechanism were carried out aiming at developing heat resistant/durable bits, and a bit was trially manufactured which was integrated with element parts selected by each element technology. Concerning the development of high temperature drilling mud, studies were made of the development of drilling mud materials, a mud system, etc. Relating to the development of high temperature cement slurry, the development was conducted of high temperature cement, dewatering adjusting agents, etc. As to the development of high accuracy much inclination drilling technology, in the development of high temperature use downhole motor, tests on heat resistance/durability were carried out in the mud of 12 kinds of high heat resistant stator materials. 175 figs., 137 tabs.

  7. Fiscal 1995 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the binary cycle power plant (development of the measurement while drilling system for geothermal wells); 1995 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (chinetsusei kussakuji kotei joho kenchi system no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    The R and D were conducted of a detection system for measurement of data on the bottom hole of geothermal well, data transmission and signal processing, and an analysis system for well drilling trajectory control and well assessment while drilling of geothermal wells based on the data obtained by the detection system, and the results were reported of the technical development in fiscal 1995. In the development of the downhole detection unit, the following developments were conducted: mud pulse generator, bottomhole signal processor, mode switches, inclination information sensor, power source, measures against vibration/shock, sonde external equipment, tests to confirm heat resistance of electronic parts, and design/manufacture of testing devices. In the development of the surface detection unit, the development was made of experimental analysis program, interface program, and simulation. In the development of the analysis system, as a well trajectory control support system, made were a trajectory planning/display system and a trajectory prediction system. As a downhole assessment support system, made were a temperature analysis system and a pressure analysis system. 4 refs., 298 figs., 88 tabs.

  8. Achievement report for fiscal 1998 on business auxiliary to New Sunshine Program. Hot water-aided power generation plant development (Development of deep-seated geothermal resources exploitation technology and development of deep-seated geothermal resources excavating technology); 1998 nendo new sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu, shinbu chinetsu shigen kussaku gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-03-01

    In the general exploitation scheme, technological information is collected about cement overseas, DHM (down hole motor), etc. In the development of heat-resistant durable bits, an improved version of the 350 degrees C real bit manufactured in fiscal 1997 undergoes a test in a real bore, and is evaluated for its general performance. In the development of high-temperature cement slurries, the ultralow specific gravity cement slurry for casing cement developed in fiscal 1997 is subjected to evaluation. It is examined by chemical analysis and powder X-ray diffraction, and its fluidity, free water, rate of dehydration, and compression strength at 250 degrees C are measured. In a real bore test, a slurry of the optimum composition is prepared and then hardened, and the hardened body is kept exposed to geothermal environments for eight weeks. It is then found that the hardened body retains a compression strength of 70kgf/cm{sup 2}. In the development of a down hole motor, a scale model, real in diameter and shortened in length, is built of the motor section, and is tested in circulating water and oil at normal and high temperatures, and its behavior and performance are evaluated. (NEDO)

  9. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the deep geothermal resource collecting technology (development of the deep geothermal resource producing technology); 1996 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (shinbu chinetsu shigen saishu gijutsu no kaihatsu / shinbu chinetsu shigen seisan gijutsu no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The paper reported the results of the fiscal 1996 R and D of the deep geothermal resource collecting/producing technology. In the design of the total development, characteristics of the well mouth of the deep reservoir were examined to evaluate properties of deep geothermal resource, and the necessity of the pressure design, etc. were clarified. As to PTSD logging technology, conducted were improvement of PT probe, manufacture of a sonde of which S probe was integrated with memory/battery modules, and the actual well experiment. Concerning PTC monitoring technology, an experiment was carried out on a high temperature use optical fiber GI type, and it was shown that the type was on a commercial level. Further, a prototype sampler with 300degC heat resistance was trially manufactured, and a test to confirm its work was conducted in the well in the Corn Wall area of the U.K. As to the production control technology, studied was the arrangement of the production control technology for deep geothermal resource. Moreover, an experiment was made to examine the effect of metal ions coexisting when silica in the deep fluid precipitates. 46 refs., 107 figs., 38 tabs.

  10. Fiscal 1996 report on the results of the subsidy operation under the Sunshine Project on the development of a geothermal water use power plant, etc. Development of the binary cycle power plant (development of the measurement while drilling system for geothermal wells); 1996 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (chinetsusei kussakuji kotei joho kenchi system no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The R and D were carried out of a detecting system for measurement of data on the bottom of geothermal well, data transmission and signal processing, and an analysis system for well drilling trajectory control and well assessment while geothermal well drilling based on the data obtained by the detecting system. The paper reported the results of the technology development in fiscal 1996. In the development of the detecting system, improvement/design were conducted on a mud pulse generator constituting sonde, well bottom signal processing equipment, mode switch and inclined information sensor, and the system equivalent to the actual one was manufactured to conduct a running test at high temperature/pressure. Moreover, a test to confirm heat resistance of electronic parts was made for further improvement in heat resistance of the sonde, in order to obtain the data. In the development of an analysis system, conducted were enhancement of operability of the planning/indication portions of the well drilling trajectory supporting system, improvement of the data intake system, etc. In relation to the well assessment supporting system, carried out were heightening of operability of the temperature analysis portion and confirmation of accuracy increase. 5 refs., 253 figs., 72 tabs.

  11. Fiscal 1997 report on the results of the New Sunshine Project subsidiary operation. Development of the geothermal water use power plant, etc. (development of the binary cycle power plant / development of the geothermal well MWD system); 1997 nendo New Sunshine keikaku hojo jigyo seika hokokusho. Nessui riyo hatsuden plant nado kaihatsu (binary cycle hatsuden plant no kaihatsu (chinetsusei kussakuji kotei joho kenchi system no kaihatsu))

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    For the purpose of improving efficiency and accuracy in geothermal well drilling, the development was conducted of an MWD (measuring while drilling) which detects borehole information in real time. In fiscal 1997, the following R and D were carried out. As to the downhole equipment, the actual well experiment on the sonde was conducted to confirm the basic performance. The design improvement, trial fabrication and experiment were conducted on mud pulse generating valve driving control equipment, bore hole signal processing unit and temperature correction circuit portion in the sonde. Concerning electronic parts, a heat resistance confirming test was conducted for data collection/assessment. Further, jigs were fabricated for tests to confirm working of each equipment. Relating to the ground equipment, conducted were improvement of the decoded program and betterment of the analytical system and interface. As to the development of the analytical system, data on depth were added to the azimuth/inclination obtained from MWD, which enabled indication of a well drilling tracing chart while drilling. 92 figs., 43 tabs.

  12. Exploration of shallow subsurface resistivity structure using a portable TEM system: TEM-FAST prosystem; Kan`igata TEM ho sochi TEM-FAST prosystem ni yoru senbu hiteiko chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miura, Y.; Kumekawa, Y.; Takasugi, S. [GERD Geothermal Energy Research and Development Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    Discussions were given on effectiveness of the TEM-FAST ProSystem which is a portable TEM system developed recently for use in exploration of shallow subsurface resistivity. The system consists of a loop type antenna, the TEM-FAST as the main equipment, and a host computer, the host computer controlling the entire system. The system acquires transient response data in secondary induced magnetic fields lasting 4 {mu} sec to 1 m sec. The number of data is 5490 stacks in one measurement, and the data acquisition time is about three minutes. Measurements were carried out by using the TEM-FAST in the vicinity of a well, whose results were compared with those of electric logging, and discussions were given on them. Although the electric logging results had no data available for depths shallower than 35 m, the measurement results from the TEM-FAST were found highly harmonious with those of the electric logging. In addition, there were transmission and telephone lines in locations about 10 m away from the well during the measurement, but extremely high data quality was discovered. 6 refs., 7 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Development of high efficient ESP for submicron particle collection. Sabumikuron ryushi no kokoritsu shujin hoshiki no kaihatsu. ; Seiden gyoshu sochi naizo denki shujin hoshiki no gyoshusayo to shujin koritsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Watanabe, T.; Suda, T.

    1989-11-01

    The result of testing the operation of an electrostatic agglomeration appratus (ESA) is reported, which has been developed at Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry (CRIEPI). Details of the apparatus is given in the authors {prime} previous papaer (1988). At first a description is given of an apparatus which produces the aerosol for laboratory use comprising submicron-sized carbon particles and micron-sized flyash particles. This aerosol is similar in quality to that produced by a combustion furnance at CRIEPI. An apparatus provided with mesh electrodes for charging aerosol particles is also developed. Thus preparing aerosol samples, the effect of agglomeration produced by the ESA On the samples is examined to demonstrate that particle sizes in diameter are increased by a factor of four on average and the percentage of submicron-sized particles (less than 1 {mu} m in diameter) is reduced by 20% in weight. Combined with this type of ESA, the efficiency of ESP (electrostatic precipitator) in collecting submicron-sized particles is theoretically calculated to increase by about 1 - 3% when it is used at a thermal power plant of 520MW. 4refs., 21 figs., 6 tabs.

  14. Insulation recovery characteristics after arc interruption of UHV AC transmission lines. In case of suspension insulator assemblies. 1UHV kyu jitsukibo kensui gaishi sochi niokeru koryu arc syokogo no zetsuen kaifuku tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goda, Yutaka

    1986-09-01

    An experimental unit for arc current extinction test which is resistant to a super-voltage of UHF system was developed. An insulation recovery characteristics after the current extinction was measured and examined by generating arc between the horns of real-scale, 2-line suspension insulator assembly, centering the measurement around the most severe 4 kA. The results are as follows: 1. Regardless of the primary arc current values, at 0.6 sec after primary arc current interruption, there is no flash over along the suspension insulator assembly under the suppression of 1440 kV as a switching impulse voltage. 2. In the case of following conditions, about 0.7 sec is necessary for dead time of rapid auto-reclosing after primary arc interruption. i) A lightening flashover occurs between the horns of suspension insulator assemblies. ii) Insulation recovery voltage decreases by about 10 % due to the influence of tower arm width, etc. (17 figs, 2 tabs, 9 refs)

  15. 168kV reduced-size gas insulated switch for Hekinan substation of Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc.; Chubu Denryoku (kabu) Hekinan hendensho 168kV shukushogata gas zetsuen kaihei sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-01-10

    Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., has delivered 13 units of 168kV reduced-size gas insulated switches (GIS) to the Hekinan substation of Chubu Electric Power Co., Inc. Their rated currents are 2000/3000/4000A, and they can withstand a short-time amperage of 40kA. The GIS introduced here is based on the excellent result achieved by the 168kV-rate GIS of the SDF type of Fuji Electric Co., Ltd., with its constituent devices reduced in size and composited, and its unit layout optimized. The new GIS occupies approximately 70% of what the conventional type requires for installation, and it weighs approximately 90% of the conventional type in mass. The new product may be separated into two parts, or integrated with the control panel, and the design is expected to shorten the on-site work time and the term of works. As for the number of parts, it is also reduced to approximately 80%, and this enhances GIS reliability. The 13 units were installed in September 1999, adjustment is now complete, and they are to come into service in May 2000. (translated by NEDO)

  16. IHI completed the ultra fine grinding test equipment for development of the hydrogen storage alloy; IHI sha wa suiso kyuzo gokin kaihatsu muke no chobifunsai shiken sochi wo kansei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-06-01

    Ishikawajima Harima Heavy Industry Co, Ltd. completed ultra high pressure, and ultra fine grinding test equipment of argon atmosphere for making the high quality hydrogen storage alloy for nickel-hydrogen batteries of which the charging frequency is about one thousand, of which reaction temperature is room temperature, and with a sharp cut in the cost for production being realized, and the said company will start to distribute it to users from November, 1997. Mechanical alloying (the method for making alloy by compressing and giving impulses for different kinds of metals, or the method for rubbing different kinds of powder into metal powder) is needed for the upgrade of performance and the reduction of cost for hydrogen storage alloys. Furthermore, a non oxygen atmosphere is necessary for developing hydrogen storage alloys including metallic components being easy to oxidize such as misch metals, Mg and so on, then this equipment is assembled with ultra high pressure and ultra fine grinding vertical mil built in a glove box made in Dalton Co, Ltd. and a high performance classifier. The price of this equipment is about 70,000,000 yen. (translated by NEDO)

  17. Development of the spectrometric imaging apparatus of laser induced fluorescence from plants and estimation of chlorophyll contents of rice leaves; Laser reiki keiko sokutei sochi no kaihatsu to inehanai no chlorophyll ganryo no suitei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakaya, K.; Shoji, K.; Hanyu, H.

    1999-05-01

    Photosynthetic activity of plants is an important factor to assess the micrometeorological effect of plant canopy or to estimate the influence of circumstances such as water stress. Light illumination induces fluorescence from a leaf or suspension of chloroplasts. The red chlorophyll fluorescence had been used to determine the process of the electron transportation in photosynthetic reaction. The fluorescence source other than chlorophyll is not announced sufficiently, but is supposed to be useful to determine the contents of the substance corresponding to physiological response of plants. We developed a fluorescence imaging apparatus to observe spectrum and distribution of laser induced fluorescence from a leaf. Pulsed UV-laser (Nd:YAG) induced blue-green fluorescence and red chlorophyll fluorescence from a green leaf. The pulse modulated measuring light and CCD with image-intensifier (ICCD) enable to detect the fluorescence from plants under illumination. The laser induced fluorescence (LIF) spectra were investigated to estimate the chlorophyll contents in leaves of rice. During the greening course of dark grown etiolated rice leaves, chlorophyll contents were determined using the extraction of leaves and steady state LIF spectra were measured. As a result, the ratio of fluorescent intensity between blue-green and red peaks (F460/F740 and F510/F740) decreased in proportion to alteration of chlorophyll contents respectively. These fluorescence intensity ratios perform more precise estimation of higher chlorophyll contents of leaves than reported red chlorophyll fluorescence intensity ratio (F690/E740). (author)

  18. Result of R and D of medical welfare equipment technology in fiscal 1994. Part 6. Therapeutic training system for preventing incontinence of urine; Iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu 1994 nendo seika hokokusho. 6. Nyoshikkin boshi kunren sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-05-01

    A portable system was developed so as to prevent the urinary incontinence and enable the aged persons and patients to live their comfortable life. In the measurement of urinary volume, its correlativity with the change in impedance was confirmed with a small and light-weight prototype. As a result of improvement of the ultrasonic method, the measurement accuracy was heightened with miniaturization. The usefulness and safety could be clinically confirmed in the urination control by electric stimulation. Based on the above element technologies, the total system was then studied by interlinking the intravesical urinary volume measurement system and urination control system. Particularly for the patients of urgent urinary incontinence, an in vitro test was conducted with a system into which the electric stimulator was integrated. As a result, this system was good as a nursing system. Through an animal experiment on iontophoresis, the urination was known to be controllable with skin-permeating drugs. However, it was known that those drugs are pharmaceutically classified into the new DDS group by the Drugs, Cosmetics and Instruments Act. Therefore, the clinical application plan was partially revised for the present system using them and made to be a subject of future study.

  19. Achievement report for fiscal 1998. {sup 13}C magnetic resonance spectroscopy system for noninvasive measurement of brain metabolism; 1998 nendo seika hokokusho. Mushinryakuteki no taisha keisokuyo {sup 13}C-MRS sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1999-05-01

    With an objective to develop element technologies for a {sup 13}C-MRS system, second-phase development and evaluation were performed on {sup 13}C chemical compounds. {sup 13}C-L-DOPA was administered to rats to evaluate its metabolism. Furthermore, 2,5-{sup 13}C glucose was synthesized by using 2-{sup 13}C-glycerol as the raw material. Then, the synthesized 2,5-{sup 13}C glucose was evaluated by using rats, and measurements were made on glutamine and glutamate identified by {sup 13}C using {sup 13}C-MRS of extracts from the rats' brains. An attempt of up-scaling was made as the second phase development on L-glutamine-2-{sup 13}C having been regarded useful as a result of the animal test, by which about three times as large yield was obtained. Evaluations were given toward the clinical test on whether there is magnetic stimulation in living organisms as a result of gradient magnetic field coil drive, on electrical safety of the high-frequency type drive, and on variation in system data within a day and among the days, whereas no problems have been verified in executing the clinical test. The current fiscal year has executed overall evaluation, and succeeded in obtaining signals from 5-{sup 13}C glucose metabolite in the monkey and human volunteer tests. (NEDO)

  20. Biotechnology of Tohoku Electric Power Co. Application of plant biotechnology/Biomass utilization/Development of technology to control cold resistance of plant/Practical application of passion fruit growing technology/Identification of useful genes of plant/Light supplement growing of rose/Electric stimulus growing of shiitake mushroom,etc; Tohoku Denryoku no biotechnology. Shokubutsu biotechnology oyo, biomass riyo, shokubutsu no taireisei seigyo gijutsu kaihatsu, passion fruit saibai gijutsu no jitsuyoka, shokubutsu no yuyo idenshi dotei, bara no hoko saibai, shiitake denki shigeki saibai gijutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The paper introduced the biotechnology study in Tohoku Electric Power Co. in terms of the above-captioned items. In the study of the plant biotechnology application, with garlic growing as a target, technology to increase seedlings in large quantity by texture cultivation technology was studied. In the biomass utilization study, as to one of the biomass crops, its economical efficiency was studied in case of using it as energy. In the development of the technology to control cold resistance of plant, genes of Superoxide dismutase, etc. were introduced to rice plant to obtain a result which indicates enhancement of cold resistance. In the development of the technology to grow passion fruit, a method was established to grow a tropical fruit, passion fruit produced in Brazil, without heating in winter and to enable two harvests a year, for the contribution to the regional activation. In the study on the identification of useful genes of plant, the development of DNA markers was conducted, trying the identification of a rice blight true resistance gene, Pi-Z{sup t}. 32 figs., 2 tabs.

  1. PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP AS EFFECTIVE MECHANISM OF SPORTS INFRASTRUCTURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. P. Moskvin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the current state of sports infrastructure in Russia and also explores the experience of using public-private partnership at Olympic facilities construction in Sochi.

  2. PROSPECTS OF REGIONAL NETWORK STRUCTURES IN THE SOUTHERN FEDERAL DISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. V. Morozov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article reveals the possibility of the Southern Federal District to form regional network structures. The prospects for the formation of networks in the region in relation to the Olympic Winter Games Sochi 2014.

  3. [Anglo-russian terminological glossary for freestyle skiing, alpine skiing, snowboard and ski jumping

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Ce glossaire contient les traductions des mots les plus utiles en russe et en anglais pour les sports du ski acrobatique, ski alpin, snowboard et saut à ski dans le contexte des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques d'hiver à Sochi 2014. This glossary contains translations of the most useful words in Russian and English for the sports of freestyle skiing, alpine skiing, snowboard and ski jumping within the context of the 2014 Olympic Winter Games and Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi.

  4. Paralympic Games sport entries mamual

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This manual is designed to provide National Paralympic Committees (NPCs) with the Paralympic Sport Entries process, relevant policies, and instructions for completing the online registration for athletes participating in the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games and to assist NPCs in using the online Sport Entries and Qualification (ePEQ) system to complete the entries of their athletes to the Sochi 2014 Paralympic Winter Games.

  5. The Bear Went Through the Mountain: Russia Appraises its Five-Day War in South Ossetia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    to join the World Trade Organization, the conflict’s impact on the conduct of the Olympic Games in Sochi , and other issues.102 • From 13–19 August...so Russian peacekeep- ers. Perhaps Georgia’s leaders may have felt that under the cover of the Olympic Games there existed a chance to move more...the Sochi , June 1992 Agreement on Principles for the Resolution of the Georgian- Ossetian Conflict and the December 1994 Resolution of the Combined

  6. [Anglo-russian terminological glossary for curling

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Ce glossaire contient les traductions des mots les plus utiles en russe et en anglais pour le curling dans le contexte des Jeux Olympiques et Paralympiques d'hiver de Sochi 2014. This glossary contains translations of the most useful words in Russian and English for the sport of curling within the context of the 2014 Olympic Winter Games and Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi.

  7. Fiscal 1999 achievement report on the venture business assisting type regional consortium - Minor business creation base type. Research and development of transportable decomposition device for chlorofluorocarbon, formerly known as felon; 1999 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo seika hokokusho. Kahanshiki fluorocarbon (kyumeisho wa fleon) bunkai sochi ni kansuru kenkyu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-03-01

    The aim is to develop a high efficiency device named above making full use of Tsukuba University's technical seeds of high efficiency chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) decomposition by plasma application; Asada Corporation's technologies of recovery and regeneration, such as technologies of liquefaction and movement/filling, and its technical seeds involving downsizing; and the technical seeds that Thermal Dynamics Corporation have to offer in relation with its plasma torch technology. An experimental device was fabricated and tested, which resulted in a CFC decomposition rate of 98.6%, and then a prototype CFC decomposition device was built by Asada Corporation and Daiichi Seiko Co., Ltd. The data from the experimental device was analyzed at Tsukuba University and the result was fed back into the prototype for CFC decomposition, when the decomposition goal of 99.999% was achieved. The concentration of hydrogen fluoride or hydrogen chloride also cleared the levels provided for in Environment Agency's CFC destruction guidelines. In the wake of the success, a commercial version of the transportable CFC decomposition device, with the components and connections downsized and rationalized, was designed, and a prototype was constructed. (NEDO)

  8. Study on premixed combustion of diesel spray with high pressure fuel injection and a micro-hole nozzle using a rapid compression machine. 2nd Report. Improvement of combustion using low cetane number fuel; Kyusoku asshuku sochi wo mochiita bisaiko koatsu diesel funmu no yokongoteki nensho ni kansuru kenkyu. 2. Tei setan nenryo ni yori chakka okure wo jubun ni kakuhoshita baai

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, J.; Akiyama, H.; Iida, N. [Keio University, Tokyo (Japan). Faculty of Science and Technology

    1999-10-25

    This study was aimed at reducing Soot and NO{sub X} by uniform and lean distribution of fuel in diesel spray using high-pressure fuel injection and a micro-hole nozzle. But this injection system made ignition delay shorter. So that, it couldn't completely make uniform and lean distribution of fuel in diesel spray. Then, in addition to this injection system, using low cetane number of fuel, which can not easily ignited, we made ignition delay longer, and attempted to make complete uniform and lean distribution of fuel in diesel spray. The combustion event was observed by high-speed direct photography, ignition and combustion was analyzed by the combustion chamber pressure history, and KL values and flame temperatures was analyzed by the two-color method from the two dimensional flame image. (author)

  9. Achievement report for fiscal 1999 on research and development of technologies for medical welfare equipment. Chromosome image analysis and diagnosis device with confocal scanning laser microscope; 1999 nendo iryo fukushi kiki gijutsu kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Kyoshoten laser kenbikyo ni yoru zensenshokutai gazo kaiseki shindan sochi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-05-01

    The device is now satisfactorily capable of all image processing functions (bi-levelling, color deviation, brilliance adjustment, etc.) with the exception the karyotyping function. A substance that emits fluorescence by laser excitation is developed (for labelling the probe). A direct labelling method is studied, in which nucleic acid probes (nucleic acid labelled for chromosomal identification) will prove to be remarkably high in sensitivity. A new fluorescent reagent is synthesized, which is a BHHCT-4-dUTP to act as a nucleic acid probe. It is found that the new substance is superior to the conventional fluorescent substances in terms of stability and that all chromosomes may be forced into hybridization (selective combination of a probe with a peculiar chromosome) when various probes are labelled by this substance. A programing unit is constructed for a chromosomal aberration database. Items needed relative to chromosomes and parameters relative to chromosomal aberration data are appropriately arranged, and conditions to satisfy for their development into a database are studied. A rough design of an interface is complete. (NEDO)

  10. Model operation to improve energy consumption efficiency in developing countries. Demonstration study (investigation project) on material preheating equipment for an electric furnace (using reduced iron as a raw material); Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka model jigyo. Denkiro no genryo yonetsu sochi (kangen tetsu genryo) ni kakawaru jissho kenkyu (chosa jigyo) hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1996-03-01

    Investigations were given on a device technology that can obtain energy saving and environment preserving effects in electric furnace iron making using reduced iron as a raw material. The effects can be obtained by continuously charging into an electric furnace the reduced iron supplied from an iron ore reducing plant while the iron is kept hot. The investigations were carried by sending survey groups to India and Mexico who are producing reduced iron, and Egypt and Malaysia who possess iron reducing technologies, and by analyzing the actual conditions of reduced iron manufacturing equipment and electric furnace facilities. In addition, retrieval, collection and analysis were performed on technical data and information on reduced iron available inside and outside the country. As a result, a proposal was made to select India as a site to execute the demonstration study on the hot reduced iron insertion technology. The reasons for the selection are: India has a large number of steel mills that have iron reducing facilities and electric furnaces; the country is geographically convenient for Japanese research institutes to implement the demonstration study; the country`s DRI production is the largest in the south-eastern Asia; and electric power cost is high. 92 refs., 49 figs., 30 tabs.

  11. FY 1993 report on the results of the technology development for the commercialization of the photovoltaic power system. Development of the solar cell use compound semiconductor production system - development of flight use testing machine; 1993 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyo denchiyo kagobutsu handotai seizo sochi kaihatsu (hikoyo shikenki no kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1994-03-01

    For a new breakthrough of the technology of the photovoltaic power generation, the paper aims at developing a combined heating furnace, a focal heating furnace and a single heating furnace which are necessary to produce crystals of the substrate of compound semiconductors for high quality solar cell under the microgravity environment obtained in the space, and also the systems related to the functions indispensable to the operation of the above-mentioned furnaces. This report is Vol. 2/3, and described the mission operation in Chapter 7, repair of PFM battery in Chapter 8, mechanical system ground support equipment and maintenance/inspection in Chapter 9, and electrical system ground support equipment and maintenance/repair in Chapter 10. In Chapter 7, described were the arrangement of operation of electrical furnace, operation manual of electrical furnace, procedures for operation, database, training, rehearsal plan, etc. In Chapter 8, of the battery repair plan, the paper carried out the repair design/repair work of battery, and described the state where a test to accept the test specifications is possible. In Chapter 9, indicated were the documents for application and reference of the maintenance/inspection of MGSE. In Chapter 10, the paper reported on the repairs for adaptation for the maintenance and lunching work of EGSE. (NEDO)

  12. FY 1996 Report on the results of development of photovoltaic power generation system commercialization technologies. Development of device for producing compound semiconductors for photovoltaic cells (Development of flying tester); 1996 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Taiyo denchiyo kagobutsu handotai seizo sochi kaihatsu - hikoyo shikenki no kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The compound semiconductor production process is tested under a microgravity by the space experiment/observation free flier (SFU), to reduce the photovoltaic power generation cost. Described herein are the FY 1996 results. The device is confirmed to work as planned by the full-scale test conducted in FY 1995, when it stood on the orbit and was recovered by the space shuttle STS-72 January, 1996. The recovered SFU-carried devices, including the electrical furnace and related subsystems, were found to normally function, and it was concluded that they could be evaluated and analyzed after the flight. The comprehensive evaluation and analysis of their electrical, mechanical, thermal functions have confirmed that they functioned and showed performance as planned, demonstrating validity of the designs and production procedures. The test samples were taken out of the recovered combined furnace, focus furnace and single-heat furnace for the space environment utilization tests. The other samples had much more uniform compositional distributions than those produced on the ground. (NEDO)

  13. Research and development project in fiscal 1990 for large industrial technologies. Achievement report on research and development of ultra-advanced processing systems (Development of high-level processing devices for electric power generation facility members); 1990 nendo chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Hatsuden shisetsuyo buzai kodo kako sochi kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1991-03-01

    Research and development has been performed with an objective to establish the processing technology using excitation beam required for the advanced technology industries, and the ultra-precision machining technology to realize the nano-technology. This paper summarizes the achievements in fiscal 1990. In the research on the large output and long life technology for excimer laser, an average output of 500 W or more was demonstrated achieving the intermediate target by developing and improving the technologies for low electric power gas circulation, high efficiency discharge and excitation, and large output oscillation control. In the research on intensity resistant optical element technology, a prototype device was fabricated to create and process axially symmetrical aspherical shapes, whereas SiC aspherical shape creation and processing were demonstrated at the shape accuracy of three microns or better, and surface roughness of 20 nanometers or less, having achieved the intermediate target. Regarding the large current ion beam, a demonstration device was completed based on improvements and test results on the sheet plasma generator. In the research and development of the high-level processing technology, low-temperature forming technology was developed for oxide ceramic thin films by using the excimer laser abrasion method. (NEDO)

  14. FY 1991 Research and development project for large-scale industrial technologies. Report on results of R and D of superhigh technological machining systems (Development of advanced machining devices for power-generating members); 1991 nendo chosentan kako system no kenkyu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Hatsuden shisetsuyo buzai kodo kako sochi kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1992-03-01

    Described herein are the FY 1991 results of the R and D project aimed at establishment of superprecision machining technologies for developing machining technologies and nano-technologies aided by excited beams. For increasing the excimer laser output, the discharge-exciting technologies necessary for designing the 2kW laser as the final target are established. The service life tests are started to demonstrate the member service life of 10{sup 9} shots or more. For development of the technologies for large-current composite ion beams, the plant is constructed to attain the final targets (100keV, 2A, width: 500mm or more). The currents reaching the substrate are developed to have 2.8mA with the Ar ion and 2.9mA with the Ca ion by, e.g., developing the ion sources and improving functions of the ion beam controlling systems. Researches on the surface modification technologies for producing the superhigh-quality metallic surfaces involve composite ion implantation and providing the modified layer of Ti-B-based hard compound. Corrosion rate of the modified titanium surface in a boiling sulfuric acid solution is reduced from 300mm/year to around 0.13mm/year. (NEDO)

  15. Project for the basic survey of enhancing energy consumption efficiency in developing countries. Summary of the Conference on the Policies and Measures of Climate Change Mitigation; Hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka kiso chosa nado jigyo. Kiko hendo kanwasaku no seisaku to sochi ni kansuru kokusai kaigi hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    The Conference on the Policies and Measures of Climate Change Mitigation was held in Tokyo on January 28, 1997, with participation in the conference from governments, research institutes, industrial circles, NGO, etc. of ten countries including Japan. In the session `technology transfer,` presentations were made on `the current status of the technology transfer, and the expectation and requests` by Australia and Japan which provide technology and by China which receives technology. As a whole, every country recognized importance of technology transfer of both hardware and software, private sectors` taking leadership, the use of international organizations dealing with fund supply and credit guarantee. In the session `tradable permits/quotas,` Dr. A. Haspel, U.S. Department of Energy reported the structure and effect of U.S. tradable emission permits on sulfur dioxide from thermal power plants, and proposed tradable emission permits against greenhouse effect gas. The proposal needs to be further studied and discussed, and it was regarded as too early to include the proposal in the protocol to be conducted at COP3

  16. AN ESTIMATE OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF BUSINESS STRUCTURES OF MOTORSPORT IN THE FORMATION OF AN ATTRACTIVE IMAGE OF TERRITORY

    OpenAIRE

    A. B. Ilin

    2016-01-01

    The relevance of the topic chosen due to the modern event-state Olympic Park in Sochi, his post-Olympic legacy for the eff ective return of public investment. Currently, one of the operating entities of their own business in the city, the resort is a global company, "Formula 1", which has the contract to conduct the Grand Prix of Russia on the territory of "Sochi racetrack" from 2014 to 2020. with the right of prolongation. In this regard, the presented article deals with the general principl...

  17. Electrochemical oxidation of cholesterol in acetonitrile leads to the formation of cholesta-4,6-dien-3-one

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosokawa, Yu-Ya [Department of Analytical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Horinouchi 1432-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Hakamata, Hideki [Department of Analytical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Horinouchi 1432-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)], E-mail: hakaman@toyaku.ac.jp; Murakami, Tomonori [Department of Analytical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Horinouchi 1432-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Analytical and Quality Evaluation Research Laboratories, Daiichi-Sankyo Co. Ltd., 1-12-1 Shinomiya, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 254-0014 (Japan); Aoyagi, Sakae [Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Horinouchi 1432-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Kuroda, Minpei; Mimaki, Yoshihiro [Laboratory of Medicinal Pharmacognosy, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Horinouchi 1432-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan); Ito, Ayumi; Morosawa, Sayaka; Kusu, Fumiyo [Department of Analytical Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Sciences, Horinouchi 1432-1, Hachioji, Tokyo 192-0392 (Japan)

    2009-11-01

    Cholesterol was shown to be oxidized at the glassy carbon electrode in an acetonitrile-2-propanol mixture and this oxidation reaction was applied to the determination of serum total cholesterol by high-performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection (K. Hojo, H. Hakamata, A. Ito, A. Kotani, C. Furukawa, Y.Y. Hosokawa, F. Kusu, J. Chromatogr. A 1166 (2007) 135-141). To gain insight into the detection mechanisms of cholesterol, an electrolytic product of cholesterol was collected and characterized by infrared spectroscopy, one- and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance, and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. The three techniques, together with comparisons of literature spectral data, confirmed the formation of cholesta-4,6-dien-3-one. The conversion of cholesterol to cholesta-4,6-dien-3-one, a four-electron, four-proton electrochemical process, has been proposed as an electrochemical oxidation mechanism of cholesterol in acetonitrile.

  18. "Andere Räume": sowjetische Kurorte als Heterotopien. Das Beispiel Sotschi

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Noack, C.; Schlögel, K.

    2011-01-01

    Based on Foucault's 'Of other places' the chapter discusses the changing spatialand symbolic relations of Soviet cities and he~lth resorts. The study focuses on Sochi: This Black Sea resort, of little importance before the revolution, became the preferred object of Stalinist development plans in the

  19. [Topical problems and prospects of industrial medicine nowadays (according to materials of scientific and practical conferences of 2014)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izmerova, N I; Istomin, A V; Saarkopel, L M; Yatsyna, I V

    2015-01-01

    The article presents results of scientific and practical conferences on occupational medicine problems, that were held in Moscow, St-Petersburg, Rostov-na-Donu, Nizhny Novgorod, Sochi, Irkutsk, Angarsk. Prospective trends of research work and practical implementation in occupational medicine and industrial ecology are set.

  20. Estimation of Demand for Health Tourism by Studying Consumers’ Internet Searches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandr M. Vetitnev

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents demand indices for health tourism, obtained by studying consumers’ Internet searches in search systems during the last 2 years. The most popular health tourism destinations with the Russians, such as Sochi, Anapa, Kislovodsk, Crimea, were detected. The Internet users display activity has no significant seasonal fluctuations.

  1. Ways to Boost Profitability of Sochi’s Housing Maintenance Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrey Yu. Pogorelov

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available As the construction boom sweeps through the Greater Sochi, a proper maintenance by housing companies must be in place in the after-construction period. The key focus should be made on appropriate maintenance of housing stock. A proper and economically effective maintenance allows to use material and human resources while maintenance efficiently.

  2. CMS Virtual Visit from Russia - 16 November 2015

    CERN Multimedia

    Belotelov, Ivan

    2016-01-01

    This event gathered 200+ high school students selected from all over Russia from three places: - high school students from "Experimental Physics Olympics" at Sirius center, Sochi - students from European Gymnasium, Moscow - interested people at "White leaf" lecturing space Pictures show the CMS Virtual Visit, preparation lecture and masterclass activity. CMS Guides for the Virtual Visit: Nikolay Voytishin & Alexey Kamenev

  3. ‘Sochi’ resort development and functioning in 1935–1950

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir G. Ivantsov

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The article is focused on the history of ‘Sochi’ rest home establishment and functioning. Later ‘Sochi’ was turned into resort and was included into Sochi group of resorts, first under the supervision of USSR Central Executive Committee and in 1938 it passed into jurisdiction of USSR Council of People's Commissars – USSR Council of Ministers.

  4. Complex evolution and epidemiology of Dobrava-Belgrade hantavirus: definition of genotypes and their characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klempa, Boris; Avsic-Zupanc, Tatjana; Clement, Jan; Dzagurova, Tamara K; Henttonen, Heikki; Heyman, Paul; Jakab, Ferenc; Kruger, Detlev H; Maes, Piet; Papa, Anna; Tkachenko, Evgeniy A; Ulrich, Rainer G; Vapalahti, Olli; Vaheri, Antti

    2013-03-01

    Dobrava-Belgrade virus (DOBV) is a human pathogen that has evolved in, and is hosted by, mice of several species of the genus Apodemus. We propose a subdivision of the species Dobrava-Belgrade virus into four related genotypes - Dobrava, Kurkino, Saaremaa, and Sochi - that show characteristic differences in their phylogeny, specific host reservoirs, geographical distribution, and pathogenicity for humans.

  5. Fiscal 1996 project on the modeling for effective energy consumption in developing countries under a consignment from NEDO. Recent on the results of the demonstrative study on scrap preheater of electric furnace in the iron making process (for public); 1996 nendo hatten tojokoku energy shohi koritsuka model jigyo Shin Energy Sangyo Gijutsu Sogo Kaihatsu Kiko itaku. Seitetsu katei ni okeru denkiro no genryo yonetsu sochi ni kakawaru jissho kenkyu seika hokokusho (kokaiyo)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    Indonesia is the biggest iron steel producing country in the ASEAN countries. Most of the production is produced by the electric furnace method in which iron steel scrap is used as a material. However, an energy saving measure in this method, the electric furnace scrap preheater using flue gas, has not yet been spread on a full scale. This R and D is aimed at developing jointly with Indonesia an electric furnace scrap preheater for medium/small size electric furnaces which are adoptable to the present iron making situation in Indonesia and installing it to the electric furnace of the iron making plant in Indonesia for a demonstrative study on energy saving, etc. Spread/expansion of the electric furnace scrap preheater which is an excellent energy saving system targeted expansion of energy saving technology not only of Indonesia, but of ASEAN countries and Japan. In this fiscal year, remodeling of part of the system was made by change of flue gas flow for increasing the energy saving effect, and at the same time, a research study was made of a scrap reheater effective as a total system. Moreover, the paper investigated technical data/information in Japan and overseas. 3 figs., 9 tabs.

  6. Report of National Research Institute for Pollution and Resources for fiscal 1979. Research on conversion of coal to petroleum, research on coal liquefaction, high pressure liquid phase hydrogenation of coal by continuous test equipment, and manufacture of coal chemicals; 1979 nendo sekitan no yuka no kenkyu / sekitan no ekika no kenkyu / renzoku shiken sochi ni yoru sekitan no koatsu ekiso suisoka bunkai / coal chemicals no seizo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1980-07-01

    Research was conducted on conversion of coal to petroleum for the purpose of securing substitute liquid fuel. Recovery of hydrogen from the waste gas from the conversion process was explained, as were the conversion results from various coals produced in Japan. In coal liquefaction researches with the aim of manufacturing artificial petroleum, a report was made on each of the researches, i.e., the experiment results of coal liquefaction using various catalysts, manufacture of hydrogen by water gas reaction, catalytic action against coal paste, action of mixed oil and pressure against coal paste, result of hydrogen adding test for coal paste using an intermediate scale device, test result of secondary hydrogen addition for coal liquefied oil, and the test result of continuous secondary hydrogen addition for the liquefied oil. In the manufacture of fuel oil by hydro-cracking of coal or tar, a report was made on high pressure liquid phase hydrogenation of coal using a continuous testing device. Aromatic chemicals useful as chemical materials are supposed to be obtained by cutting inter-polymerized-unit bonding to make low molecules from the chemical structure of coal, removing surrounding radicals and simplifying it. A report was also made on the experiment of manufacturing coal chemicals by combination of high pressure liquid phase hydrogenation and hydro-dealkylation. (NEDO)

  7. Report of the results of the fiscal 1997 regional consortium R and D project. Regional consortium energy field / Development of an environmentally friendly industrial cleaning system using near-critical and supercritical carbon dioxide (first fiscal year); 1997 nendo chiiki consortium kenkyu kaihatsu jigyo. Chiiki consortium energy bun`ya / chorinkai ryutai wo mochiita kankyo chowagata kogyo senjo sochi no kaihatsu (daiichi nendo) seika hokokusho

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    In the manufacturing process of semiconductors and in the high tech industry, cleaning is indispensable. At present, when regulation of the use of CFC which used to be much used has been decided on, the conversion to the use of substitutes for CFC cleaning is urgently needed. Transfer to cleaning by water/alcohol/hydrocarbon has been proceeded with, but there are a lot of problems. Out of the development of the cleaning method using supercritical fluid, the paper described the fiscal 1997 result. As to enhancement of efficiency and decrease in size of equipment, a cleaning experiment by high pressure CO2 around the critical point was conducted by integrating nozzle, ultrasonic generator and cavitation generator and adding solvent circulating system. Multi-purpose and energy saving of the equipment were also studied. To establish an analysis method for the cleaning degree, the contaminated component film of trace organic matter with a specified thickness was formed on the silicon wafer, and using the Fourier transform ultrared spectroscopy, a method to determine the film thickness was studied. For the function evaluation for precision machine parts and determination of optimum cleaning conditions, the cleaning/degreasing process of valves were compared with the conventional method. For the product manufacturing, the paper investigated and prepared the data in Japan and from abroad. 55 refs., 79 figs., 18 tabs.

  8. Christianity on the Territory of the Russian Black Sea Region (in the VIII–XVth centuries: Historical and Archaeological Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga V. Natolochnaya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the historical and cultural heritage of the territory of the Greater Sochi in the medieval period. The attention is paid to the Christian Orthodox churches and their archaeological study. This article utilizes the records of archaeological expeditions, monographic literature and periodicals. In conclusion the authors note that 9 temples were built on the territory of the Sochi region in the middle ages. In the IX–XII centuries the temples have a cross-domed type of building. Later there were built the single-domed churches, which were distinguished by the proportions, the elegance of form, and the compactness of the internal space. The cross-domed churches were built of slabs of sandstone and shale. The technology of masonry walls was typical for provincial Byzantine churches. The masonry mortar was not destroyed and weathering in the humid subtropical climate.

  9. Not the Drones You’re Looking for: Civil Drones Invading Stability Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    North Carolina, and achieved the world’s first sustained and controlled flight of a manned aircraft. Aviation enthusiasts and entrepreneurs across...2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, and as “flying waiters” at restaurants in the UK, Table A.2 in Appendix A provides an expanded sample of...may refuse to authorize the employment of non-domestically acceptable counter-drone capabilities. By holding the military’s ability to sustain

  10. Russia-Georgia Conflict in August 2008: Context and Implications for U.S. Interests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-03-03

    Russia as the host of the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi , and re-examining Russia’s suitability for membership in the World Trade Organization (WTO...conflict seemed to show Putin as the dominant figure in the Russian government. Putin left the Beijing Olympics early and flew to Vladikavkaz in...in South Ossetia as localized and unlikely to escalate.86 President Bush was at the Beijing Olympics when large-scale fighting began. Although he

  11. The Umbrella Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Fedorov, Alexey

    2014-01-01

    The last Sochi Economic Forum emphasized that the Russianbusiness failed to have a full realization of the fact that the worldhas changed. It became more Asian. The number of those whoattended the block revolved around economic sanctions againstRussia, manifold exceeded the audient of the Asian block, andlectures met this fact with raised eyebrows. After all, developmentof Russian business, in general, had an emigration nature: originallyany business person went to the USA or in Europe as a t...

  12. DEVELOPMENT OF THE SYSTEM OF ENGINEERING PROTECTION OF TERRITORIES AND STRUCTURES FROM IMPOUNDING

    OpenAIRE

    Voronov Jurij Viktorovich; Shirkova Tat'jana Nikolaevna

    2012-01-01

    The article covers the development of the system of engineering protection of territories and structures from impounding. The emphasis is made on the engineering protection associated with the risk of negative impacts produced on structures and the adjacent territory by subterranean waters. The territory of Imeretinskaya Lowland, Adler District, Sochi, designated for the accommodation of Winter Olympic Games in 2014, served as an example of the technology underlying the system of engineering ...

  13. Sports: Strangers are dearer than the locals

    OpenAIRE

    Barys Tasman

    2014-01-01

    Contrasting processes dominating in the Belarusian sports reached a culmination point. The big achievements in the Sochi 2014 Winter Olympic Games and successful holding of the World Ice Hockey Championship in 2014 were combined with resonant failures of football players, poverty of children’s sports and shortage of sports centers. In a number of sports (biathlon, ice-hockey, free-style wrestling and Greco-Roman wrestling) functionaries purposefully adopt foreigners who then receive Belarusia...

  14. Quality of Tourism and Hospitality Management Systems in Russia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina N. Markaryan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the features of quality standards (ISO, their application in Russia, analyzes Quality Awards, awarded to Russian producers, such as the Award of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of Quality, National Tourism Award named after Yu. Senkevich, Travel Award «Golden Meridian», Moscow “Guiding Star” Award. The objectives of management system for Sochi resorts and hotels were determined

  15. Quality of Tourism and Hospitality Management Systems in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Irina N. Markaryan; Lubov E. Maluyta; Beslan V. Baratelia

    2013-01-01

    This article describes the features of quality standards (ISO), their application in Russia, analyzes Quality Awards, awarded to Russian producers, such as the Award of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of Quality, National Tourism Award named after Yu. Senkevich, Travel Award «Golden Meridian», Moscow “Guiding Star” Award. The objectives of management system for Sochi resorts and hotels were determined

  16. Resolution VII International Conference Working Group on Birds of Prey of Northern Eurasia “Birds of Prey of Northern Eurasia: Problems and Adaptation Under Modern Conditions”

    OpenAIRE

    Igor V. Karyakin; Elvira G. Nikolenko

    2017-01-01

    From 19 to 24 September, 2016 VII International Conference of the Working Group on Raptors of Northern Eurasia “Birds of prey of Northern Eurasia: problems and adaptation under modern conditions” was held on the basis of the Sochi National Park. Materials for the conference were presented by 198 ornithologists from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Austria, Great Britain, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Estonia and the USA, who published 148 articles in two collections “...

  17. First international workshop on severe accidents and their consequences. [Chernobyl Accident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1989-07-01

    An international workshop on past severe nuclear accidents and their consequences was held in Dagomys region of Sochi, USSR on October 30--November 3, 1989. The plan of this meeting was approved by the USSR Academy of Sciences and by the USSR State Committee of the Utilization of Atomic Energy. The meeting was held under the umbrella of the ANS-SNS agreement of cooperation. Topics covered include analysis of the Chernobyl accident, safety measures for RBMK type reactors and consequences of the Chernobyl accident including analysis of the ecological, genetic and psycho-social factors. Separate reports are processed separately for the data bases. (CBS)

  18. Resolution VII International Conference Working Group on Birds of Prey of Northern Eurasia “Birds of Prey of Northern Eurasia: Problems and Adaptation Under Modern Conditions”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available From 19 to 24 September, 2016 VII International Conference of the Working Group on Raptors of Northern Eurasia “Birds of prey of Northern Eurasia: problems and adaptation under modern conditions” was held on the basis of the Sochi National Park. Materials for the conference were presented by 198 ornithologists from Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Austria, Great Britain, Hungary, Mongolia, Poland, Estonia and the USA, who published 148 articles in two collections “Birds of prey of Northern Eurasia” and “Palearctic Harriers”.

  19. [Modern methods application of genotyping of infectious diseases pathogens in the context of operational work of specialized anti-epidemic team during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuzkin, B P; Kulichenko, A N; Volynkina, A S; Efremenko, D V; Kuznetsova, I V; Kotenev, E S; Lyamkin, G I; Kartsev, N N; Klindukhov, V P

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers the experience of genotyping and sequencing technologies in laboratories of specialized anti-epidemic team (SAET) during the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi. The work carried out during the pre-Olympic period on performance of readiness by SAET for these studies is analyzed. The results of genotyping strains of pathogens during the Olympic Games are presented. A conclusion about the effectiveness of the use of molecular genetic techniques in terms of SAET is made.

  20. Building Security in the Persian Gulf

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Sochi Ardabi l Bakhtaran Bam Bandar Abb Kerman Aqtau Al Khaluf Salalah Ordzhonik idze Medina Mecca Berbera Atbara Port Sudan k Al Ghaydan Al Mukal la...such as the U.S.-promoted boycott of the Moscow 1980 Olympic summer games, which seems to have had no appreciable impact on the Soviets but did...author had counseled that the United States participate in the Olympics and “win one for the Gipper” in regard to Afghanistan. 9 In one of history’s

  1. Seismic risk assessment at local level taking into account possible technological accidents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolova, N.; Larionov, V.; Bonnin, J.

    2012-04-01

    Seismic safety of population and urban territories is one of the most complicated problems of seismology and earthquake engineering worldwide. It is especially vital for the earthquake prone regions with high level of seismicity and high density of population. The paper contains the results of the recent study that was done by Seismological Center of IGE, Russian Academy of Sciences, Extreme Situations Research Center and "Rosstrojizyskaniya" Ltd aimed at verification of engineering geological conditions, updating of previous map of seismic microzonation and seismic risk assessment for the Sochi City territory. The City is located in the Krasnodar area, which is characterized by a high density population and a rather high level of seismic hazard. According to maps of review seismic zoning of the Russian Federation territory, earthquakes with intensities I = 6-10 according to the MMSK-86 scale may occur here. The City territory is located along the Black Sea shore and characterized by different level potential of landslides, mudflow, erosion and other geological hazardous processes. The Imeretinskaya valley, where future Olympic Games' facilities are under construction, are located within the marine terrace composed predominantly by gravel-pebble deposits with sand and clay with thickness more than 30 m; the bedrock at the depth of about 70 -90 m, the groundwater level encountered at depths of 0.2-4 m from the surface. According to recent seismic risk assessment at regional level for more that 60% of the Krasnodar area territory, the values of seismic risk computed taking into account the secondary technological accidents exceed the value of 1.0×10-5 1/year. Regional estimation of risk obtained for the Sochi City is equal to 35.0×10-5; contribution of technological risk to seismic one is about 5.0×10-5. The work is under way within the Russian Federal Program "Development of the Sochi City as a mountain resort in 2006 - 2014". The paper will present the results

  2. Putin lends a hand as Rosatom goes on international offensive

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dalton, David [NucNet, Brussels (Belgium)

    2016-11-15

    When Russian president Vladimir Putin played host at the recent Russia-ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) summit in Sochi, where he hosted leaders of all 10 ASEAN countries, he took the opportunity to do some lobbying for state-owned nuclear corporation Rosatom, telling southeast Asian countries there that it was time to go nuclear. Rosatom sees the region as a source of potentially significant orders. Agreements recently signed typically set out plans to cooperate in the design, construction and operation of nuclear power plants and research reactors.

  3. Олимпийский проект в Сочи: экологические аспекты

    OpenAIRE

    ГУДКОВА НАТАЛИЯ КОНСТАНТИНОВНА

    2015-01-01

    It was an important part of the OLympic project to achieve the environmentaL objectives set out in the Bid Book «Sochi 2014». It was important to deveLop the environmentaL education and to promote environmentaL awareness. However, not aLL goaLs have Led to the expected resuLts. The articLe identifies the most probLematic environmentaL impacts of the OLympic project in two aspects: the preservation of the naturaL Landscape and waste management.

  4. Olympic idea nowadays: perceptions and insights

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Peña, Emilio; Preuss, Holger; Costa, Lamartine Pereira da; Chatziefstathiou, Dikaia; Ramon, Xavier; Miragaya, Ana

    2016-01-01

    The book offers a vision of the Olympic Movement and the Olympic Games in relation to the Olympic values system in the current social context. It includes the contribution of 23 academics and experts in the field of Olympic studies sharing their reflections on the evolution of the Olympic Movement since Sydney 2000 and the impacts, contributions or changes posed by the London 2012 and Sochi 2014 Olympics. The work has been produced by Emilio Fernández Peña, Holger Preuss and Lamartine DaCosta...

  5. Olympijské hry jako součást veřejné diplomacie (případové studie Peking 2008, Soči 2014)

    OpenAIRE

    Pinkava, Matouš

    2017-01-01

    This thesis examines the Olympic Games as a tool of public diplomacy. The problem is solved through two case studies which enable to understand the role of the Olympic Games in public diplomacy and the possible benefits for public diplomacy resulting from organizing of the Olympic Games and from participation in the Olympic Games. The 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing and the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi are chosen as the case studies for various reasons. Before hosting the games, both countri...

  6. CITY TRANSPORT IN BARRIER-FREE ARCHITECTURAL PLANNING SPACE FOR PEOPLE WITH LIMITED MOBILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pryadko Igor’ Petrovich

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper reviews the current state of transport organization for people with limited mobility. The article evaluates the results of the actions the executive authorities of Moscow and Moscow Region take. Barrier-free space organization for disabled people and parents with prams is given a special attention. The lack of strategy in the sphere leads to considerable difficulties for people with limited ability. This problem should be solved in cooperation with the survey of other peoples' needs. The article gives examples of comfortable urban space in Sochi, Moscow, Chita, Mytishchi and analyses the ways urbanism influences people with limited abilities.

  7. Rural Communities on the Outskirts of the Russian Empire amid the First Russian Revolution (through the Example of Villages within the Black Sea Governorate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin V. Taran

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This article, based on archive materials, analyzes the conduct of rural communities in the epicenters of uprisings during the First Russian Revolution. The author notes that during the First Russian Revolution (1905–1907 peasants in rural communities, as, for instance, those within the Black Sea Governorate’s Sochi Okrug, were in point of fact left to themselves. Having found themselves alone with members of the social-democratic party, the rural communities had to decide: whether to buy into revolutionary propaganda or sabotage anti-government activity.

  8. Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available VII International Conference on research and conservation of raptors in North Eurasia will be hold in Sochi (Russia on the basis of the Sochi National Park in 19–24 September 2016. Annual Meeting of the Raptor Research Foundation will be hold in 16–20 October 2016 in the Cape May (New Jersey, USA supported by the New Jersey Audubon Society’s Cape May Bird Observatory. IV Neotropical Raptor Network Conference will be hold in La Fortuna (Costa Rica in 10th–13th October 2016. la Fundacion Rapaces Costa Rica. V World Owl Conference will be hold in Venaus (Italy in 22–26 March 2017. 4th International Peregrine Conference will be hold in Budapest (Hungary in 27 September – 1st October 2017. Webcams on nests of Goshawk (Accipiter gentilis and Tawny Owl (Strix aluco are installed in Nizhny Novgorod (Russia in 2016. Hour broadcast has been organized since April on the website of the Russian Raptor Research Network and on the website of the Ivideon company. The equipment and technical solutions from Ivideon. MTS has provided communication.

  9. New Publications and Videos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Karyakin I.V. Eagles of Russia and Kazakhstan: ranges and electric-grid danger zones. Novosibirsk: Sibecocentr, 2016. 36 pp. ISBN 978-5-9908314-0-7. Forsman D. Flight Identification of Raptors of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East. London: Bloomsbury Publishing, 2016: 1–544. ISBN-13: 9781472913616 Birds of Prey in the Northern Eurasia: Problems and adaptations in current environment: Proceedings of the VII International Conference on Birds of Prey and Owls of Northern Eurasia, Sochi, 19-24 September 2016 / Ed. V.P. Belik. Rostov-on-Don, 2016. 614 pp. ISBN 978-5-9275-2047-3 The Harriers of the Palearctic: Systematics, distribution and features of ecology in Northern Eurasia: Proceedings of the VII International Conference on Birds of Prey and Owls of Northern Eurasia, Sochi, 19-24 September 2016 / Eds. I.V. Fefelov, A.Yu. Sokolov. Rostov-on-Don, 2016. 180 p. ISBN 978-5-9275-2053-4

  10. About a Program “The Development of the Contents and the fulfillment of the conditions for the realization of the educational program “A Young Ecologist of Kuban” as a regional component for Main Educational Program (MEP”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergey G. Stepanov

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available To fulfill all the main tasks of educational development claimed by the Concepts of the long-term social-economic development of the Russian Federation up to 2020, and also by the Strategy of the of the social economic development of the Krasnoyarsky region up to 2020, and also Municipal program of Sochi “The development of the educational branch of the city of Sochi” for 2014-2016 based on the Municipal preschool educational government-financed establishment of a kindergarten of a combined type №67 a Project “ The development of the contents and creation of the conditions to fulfill the educational program “ A Young Ecologist of Kuban” as a regional component of the educational program of the main educational program” is being developed and adopted. When the experiment is finished a program of the ecological education will be fulfilled and adopted, which will take into account the system-related approach to fulfill the FSESPE that wil allow to reach the following results: -\tto form educatees’ educational results based by the FSES; -\tto build a system of a non-stop education on the levels of PE-primary school; -\tto establish a net communication between educational and science organizations of Sochi.

  11. Verification the data on critical facilities inventory and vulnerability for seismic risk assessment taking into account possible accidents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolova, Nina; Larionov, Valery; Bonnin, Jean; Ugarov, Aleksander

    2015-04-01

    The paper contains the results of the recent study that has been done by Seismological Center of IGE, Russian Academy of Sciences and Extreme Situations Research Center within the Russian Academy of Sciences Project "Theoretical and Methodological basis for seismic risk assessment taking into account technological accidents at local level; constructing the seismic risk maps for the Big Sochi City territory including the venue of Olympic Games facilities." The procedure of critical facilities inventory and vulnerability verification which makes use of space images and web technologies in social networks is presented. The numerical values of the criteria of accidents at fire and chemical hazardous facilities triggered by strong earthquakes are obtained. The seismic risk maps for Big Sochi City territory including the Olympic Games venue constructed taking into account new data on critical facilities obtained with application panorama photos of these facilities, space images of high resolution and web technologies. The obtained values of individual seismic risk taking into account secondary technological accidents exceed the values seismic risk without taking secondary hazard, return period T= 500 years, at 0.5-1.0 10-51/year.

  12. Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available On the April 8-10 of 2014 an International Conference “Birds of Prey in the North Caucasus and Adjacent Regions: distribution, ecology, population dynamics, protection” was held in Sochi National Park, Sochi, Russia. The Saker Falcon Falco cherrug Global Action Plan (SakerGAP has been presented at the 11th Meeting of the Parties of the Bonn Convention (CMS, which took place in Quito (Ecuador on 4-9 November 2014. On the December 17 of 2014 a meeting between inspectors of Nature Reserve “Khakasskiy”, police of Khakasia Republic and experts of Siberian Environmental Center was held in the Nature Reserve “Khakasskiy”. On the December 20 of 2014 an annual meeting of members of Siberian Environmental Center (SEC was held in Akademgorodok, Novosibirsk, Russia. Project leaders presented reports on the main activities and achievements gained in 2014. The Long-eared Owl (Asio otus became the Bird of the Year announced by the public organization "APB-BirdLife Belarus". The 9th ARRCN Symposium 2015 will be held during 21st–25th October 2015 at the Novotel Hotel, Chumphon, Thailand, one of the most favored travel destinations in Asia.

  13. Full speed ahead!

    CERN Multimedia

    Anaïs Schaeffer

    2014-01-01

    When he’s not working at CERN, Jean-Yves Le Meur is a top-level skier. Fresh from the Winter Paralympics in Sochi and the French disability snowsport championship, he has agreed to answer a few questions.   Jean-Yves tackles a giant slalom. Image: @FFH. Few athletes can boast of having participated in the Olympic or Paralympic Games even once in their sporting career, let alone four times... But Jean-Yves Le Meur, a member of both CERN’s IT-CIS Group and the French disabled ski team, tells me modestly during our interview that this is what he has achieved. While the skier might act like it’s no big deal, it leaves me, amateur sportsperson that I am, dumbfounded. A few weeks ago in Sochi, the sun shining a little too brightly, Jean-Yves left his fourth Paralympics with the same enthusiasm he had for the previous three, and the same bitter taste in his mouth: “Just like in the 2010 Winter Paralympics in Vancouver, I failed to finish the sitting slalom, d...

  14. Azov Cossack Host on the Territory of the Black Sea Coastline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir B. Karataev

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses the history of using teams of Azov Cossack troops on the territory of the Black sea coastline. Among the materials are the archive documents, extracted from the archival department of Sochi administration (Sochi city, Russian Federation, the state archive of the Krasnodar Krai (Krasnodar city, Russian Federation, as well as the modern and pre-revolutionary studies on the history of the Caucasian war and Cossack troops. The study used the historical-situational method, which allowed considering the history of the Azov Cossack troops on the territory of the Black sea coastline in the context of the period under review, namely the Caucasian war, in conjunction with the "neighboring" events and facts. In conclusion, the authors stated that the Azov Cossacks played a prominent role in the conquest of the mountain communities of the Black sea coast of the Caucasus. This was evident in two award banners received by the Cossacks, including the sea service on the Black sea coastline.

  15. Parameters of the Azov-Black Sea Region Precipitation Based on the Model and Observational Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.A. Iarovaia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The results of precipitation simulation in the Azov-Black Sea region are verified using the observational data from the meteorological stations of the North Eurasia Climate Centre. In particular, the results of global (MERRA and regional (PRECIS and RegCM reanalyses are considered. Verification is done in accordance to two criteria: “index of agreement” and “probability of detection”. Reliability of the precipitation basic parameters (intensity and frequency is assessed; the modeled and the measured distribution functions of daily precipitation are compared. It is shown that in all the reanalyses the results of the winter precipitation modeling are in better agreement with the observational data than those resulted from the summer precipitation modeling. In summer, according to certain parameters, the regional reanalyses are in better agreement with the observational data than the global reanalysis. Particular attention is paid to the data obtained at the meteorological station located in the region of complex orography and intensive precipitation (Sochi. It is shown that the winter precipitation in Sochi derived from the regional reanalyses is significantly overestimated, especially as for the extreme precipitation.

  16. [Meat diet and use of milk in the history of Japan].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugiyama, Shigeru

    2008-01-01

    It is generally believed the Japanese race was formulated from multiple ethnic groups, with a strong influence from so-called "hunting people." The prohibition of a meat diet, however, was not a result of the dissemination of Buddhism, but was because of orders from the rulers at the time. Animal meat and milk are ideal protein sources for humans, which most likely contributed to the physical buildup and stamina of caucasians. Many heroes in the Japanese warring states period including Iyeyasu Tokugawa, Soun Hojo and Motonari Mori lived long with numerous offspring. In addition to good luck and inborn physical strength, it appears they were particularly careful with their daily habits including diet. Since around the Fifth Century AD, Japanese rulers began building government-run pastures in many places to raise horses and cattle, from which meat and dairy products were regularly supplied. As this episode portrays, beef-eating was practiced since ancient times, the popularity of which was so high that the Tokugawa Shogunate often attempted to control its consumption with prohibitive orders. The Imperial Court also tried to discourage a meat diet as it did not want rice-growing peasants to consume meat. Samurai, the warrior-class people, however, regularly hunted for wild animals for their own consumption. Many samurai of the warring states generally kept manufacturing facilities for weapons and armor, and such facilities regularly produced fresh meat as byproducts. A meat diet was essential for the success of warlords of the era. The production of butter, on the other hand, was introduced through Kudara in Seventh Century AD, and butter was a popular gift to provincial governors. Milk and dairy products became popular in the 15th Century along with the introduction of Christianity to Japan, and in the 18th Century, Yoshimune, the Shogun of the time, created retail stores for milk. Milk never became popular, however, probably because it does not go very well with

  17. Dynamic modeling of a gravel beach in the protected water areaof the artificial cape of an aqua centre in sochi МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ ДИНАМИКИ ГАЛЕЧНОГО ПЛЯЖА В ОГРАЖДЕННОЙ АКВАТОРИИ ИСКУССТВЕННОГО МЫСА АКВА-ЦЕНТРА В г. СОЧИ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Makarov Nikolay Konstantinovich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Design of Primorskaya Embankment restructuring was developed within the framework of the city’s preparation for 2014 Winter Olympics. Construction of several artificial capes, including the largest artificial cape with an aqua centre, was considered as one of design options. One element of the cape is an artificial gravel beach arranged in the seashore area and protected by barrier spurs. Dimensions of spurs to assure the dynamic stability of the gravel beach were identified using mathematical modeling methods. Modeling of the dynamic behaviour of the gravel beach in the area of the artificial cape was performed using the software co-designed by the author. The software is capable of analyzing wave elements in the event of storms that may recur once in 50 years, and the software is capable of analyzing waves coming from any possible directions in the deep waters, wave refraction and transformation in the near-shore area, diffraction, refraction, and wave breaking in the inner area of the cape, sediment drifting pattern and dynamic behaviour of the beach. The optimum configuration of protective structures designated for the aqua centre is proposed on the basis of the modeling results.При подготовке к проведению зимней Олимпиады 2014 г. в Сочи разработан проект реконструкции центральной Приморской набережной. В качестве одного из вариантов рассматривался проект создания нескольких искусственных мысов, включая наиболее крупный искусственный мыс с аква-центром. Одним из элементов этого мыса является искусственный галечный пляж, располагаемый в его морской части под защитой оградительных шпор. Размеры шпор, обеспечивающих динамическую устойчивость галечного пляжа, были определены методом математического моделирования. Моделирование динамики галечного пляжа в акватории искусственного мыса выполнялось по программам, разработанным при участии автора. Оно включало расчет элементов волн в штормах повторяемостью 1 раз за 50 лет от всех волноопасных направлений на глубокой воде, их рефракции и трансформации в прибрежной зоне моря, дифракции, рефракции и обрушения волн на внутренней акватории мыса, транспорта наносов и динамики пляжа. По результатам моделирования предложена оптимальная конфигурация оградительных шпор аква-центра.

  18. Changes in physical performance parameters during and after moderate altitude training in elite cross country skiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kurt; Höög, Martina; Willis, Sarah

    2013-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Olympic cross country skiing competitions in 2014 will be held in Sochi, Russia at an altitude of approximately 1500m. Although moderate, this altitude is known to reduce performance in highly trained endurance athletes. It is also known that individuals react differently during...... altitude exposure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate performance changes during and after three weeks of training in moderate altitude in elite skiers. METHOD: Four male and three female skiers were tested on a roller skiing treadmill using the classic technique at sea level (NORM1), after 3 and 20...... and then grade every minute. Oxygen uptake (VO2) was measured continuously during submaximal and maximal exercise. Blood lactate concentrations were measured during the 1 min rest between submax stages and 2 min after the max test. Power at each submax and max stage were calculated from roller ski friction...

  19. «Monetary Program» of Ancient Greek Olympic Games (History and British Historiography of the XIX – Early ХХ Centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga V. Gzhibovskaya

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Commemorative coins are one of the attributes of the modern Olympic movement, relating to the category of «Games Product». Monetary program “Sochi 2014”, realized since 2011 is one of the most extensive and design diversified. The tradition to stamp out coins in the host city of the Olympic Games was established in Ancient Greece. They served not only as a means of exchange or as a store of value, ancient Greeks managed to make them works of art. Ancient authors’ data, concerning coinage site, time and type don’t give an accurate account of the coins we can reasonably call the “Olympic” ones. This problem has been solved by numismatologists from late XVIII century through the present. Their views of ancient “monetary program” differ. This article is focused on the special character of these discrepancies both in historical records and historiography

  20. The Everyday Life of the Mounted Police Guard Force in the Territory of the Black Sea Governorate (1901–1909

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin V. Taran

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the everyday life of the mounted police guard force in the territory of the Black Sea Governorate – more specifically, the territory of Sochi Okrug. On the eve of and during the 1905-1907 revolutionary events, it was this area where an extremely volatile situation had persisted due to interethnic conflicts. It was in hopes of enhancing authority in the region that the mounted police guard force was set up, which consisted of Cossacks, the Ingush, and Ossetians. In conclusion, the author points up that, on the whole, the mounted police guard force did a good job performing its law enforcement duties in the region’s territory during the pre-revolutionary and revolutionary periods.

  1. A bobsleigh simulator software

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rempfler, Georg S., E-mail: georg.rempfler@alumni.ethz.ch [ETH Zurich, CLA G23.3, IMES—Center of Mechanics (Switzerland); Glocker, Christoph, E-mail: glocker@imes.mavt.ethz.ch [ETH Zurich, CLA J23.1, IMES—Center of Mechanics (Switzerland)

    2016-03-15

    This paper presents a model of the artificial ice track in Whistler, Canada that is based on its construction data, and a model of a two-men bobsleigh consisting of nine rigid bodies, having 13 degrees of freedom and incorporating 17 hard frictional contacts. These models are implemented within a simulator that is capable of performing accurate real time simulations of piloted runs on commonly available PC hardware. The simulation is verified against the results of the official two-men race that took place during the Olympic Winter Games in 2010. The simulator has been used by several professional Swiss pilots during their preparation for the 2014 Olympic Winter Games in Sochi, Russia. The simulator is exploited to analyse and judge the range of possible driving lines regarding speed and runtime improvements. It could also serve to consult track designers about safety issues and sleigh constructors about the expected dynamics on a track.

  2. 1st International Scientific Conference on Intelligent Information Technologies for Industry

    CERN Document Server

    Kovalev, Sergey; Tarassov, Valery; Snášel, Václav

    2016-01-01

    This volume of Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing contains papers presented in the main track of IITI 2016, the First International Conference on Intelligent Information Technologies for Industry held in May 16-21 in Sochi, Russia. The conference was jointly co-organized by Rostov State Transport University (Russia) and VŠB – Technical University of Ostrava (Czech Republic) with the participation of Russian Association for Artificial Intelligence (RAAI) and Russian Association for Fuzzy Systems and Soft Computing (RAFSSC). The volume is devoted to practical models and industrial applications related to intelligent information systems. The conference has been a meeting point for researchers and practitioners to enable the implementation of advanced information technologies into various industries. Nevertheless, some theoretical talks concerning the-state-of-the-art in intelligent systems and soft computing are included in the proceedings as well.

  3. AND STRUCTURES FROM IMPOUNDING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronov Jurij Viktorovich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The article covers the development of the system of engineering protection of territories and structures from impounding. The emphasis is made on the engineering protection associated with the risk of negative impacts produced on structures and the adjacent territory by subterranean waters. The territory of Imeretinskaya Lowland, Adler District, Sochi, designated for the accommodation of Winter Olympic Games in 2014, served as an example of the technology underlying the system of engineering protection. Artificial elevation of the ground level by upfilling or inwashing of soil, having high filtration properties, and construction of drainage systems are planned to assure the admissible impounding risk level. The above actions will make it possible to assure the acceptable depth of the underground waters in the territory.

  4. Instrumental and Technological Block of the Model Strategy to Use Social Media in the Processes of Scientific, Technological and Innovative Sphere as An Innovative Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra A. Vorozhbitova

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article covers particular features of the instrumental and technological block of the model strategy to use social media in the processes of scientific, technological and innovative spheres. The model has been developed in Sochi State University in the mainstream of the schools for pedagogical design and linguistic and rhetorical (L&R paradigm. The authors offer sets of methodological recommendations and techniques to achieve the desired results, a methodology to evaluate the effectiveness of implemented work formats in accordance with the technology of social networks monitoring. The authors have identified criteria and indicators of effectiveness of the integrated formats (social, economic and technological, as well as a methodology of control and self-control.

  5. Literary and Ideological Discourse in Lingual Rhetoric of Discursive Processes in Russian Socio-cultural and Educational Environment: Antinomy “Soviet – Anti-Soviet”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela A. Medvedenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The article, using the material of Sochi Lingual Rhetoric School characterizes Soviet literary and ideological discourse as a specific verbal and cogitative product of Soviet literary and artistic communication from the perspective of lingual rhetoric paradigm in the aspect of comprehensive study of discursive processes in Russian socio-cultural and educational environment (Project No. 6.3660.2011 of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation. Antinomy “Soviet – anti-Soviet” is presented on the example of idiodiscourse by literary personality of A.P. Gaydar and discursive strategy of nonfiction-fiction synthesis of literary personality of A.I. Solzhenitsyn in idiodiscourse “The Gulag Archipelago”.

  6. The Everyday Activity of Rural Schools in the Early 1920s (through the Example of Schools in the Village of Aibga

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anvar M. Mamadaliev

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This article, based on documents from the Archive Department of the administration of the city of Sochi, which are being introduced into scientific circulation for the first time, as well as print media materials, looks into the everyday activity of primary schools in the village of Aibga in the 1920s. There is some focus on the regional specificity of teaching at a primary school and specific facilities-related and economic issues. The author comes to the conclusion that the labor conditions of rural teachers during said period were very hard. Academic activity had a pronounced seasonal nature – during the winter months it would “bloom” due to the cessation of agricultural work, while it would virtually cease with the start of the agricultural season. In addition, there was a severe lack of proper school inventory.

  7. Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor V. Karyakin

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In April 2015 a charity program “PROTECTED AREAS – LIFE SAVER” was launched for reserved areas and national parks in Russia and CIS countries. The project “Eagles of Russia” received the support of the Russian Geographical Society for the second time.  In 2015 in the Republic of Tatarstan 67 special protection forest areas (SPFA will be allotted in 17 administrative districts. Where there will be 41 areas for the protection of the Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliaca, 23 – for the White-Tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla and 3 – for the Greater Spotted Eagle (Aquila clanga. XIV International Ornithological Conference of Northern Eurasia was held in August 18–24, 2015 in Almaty, Kazakhstan, on the basis of Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi (KNU. V International readings from Buturlin, dedicated to the memory of Sergei Buturlin a famous Russian ornithologist, were held in September 22–24,2015 inUlyanovsk. In 29–30 October 2015, the Interregional Conference “Raptor Research and Conservation. Legislative Issue” was held in Elista. The status of steppe eagle (Aquila nipalensis in the European Red List and IUCN Red List has changed. SochiNational Park, Southern Federal University, Menzbir Ornithological Society and the Working Group on birds of prey and owls of Northern Eurasia are planning to hold regular VII International Conference on research and conservation of raptors in North Eurasia inSochion the basis of theSochiNational Park. Excerpts from the Resolution Adopted at the XIV International Ornithological Conference ofNorth Eurasia. Date held: 18–22 August, 2015. Excerpts from the Resolution Adopted at the Interregional Conference “Raptor Research and Conservation. Legislative Issue”. Date held: 29–30 October, 2015.

  8. Hydrocarbons in the suspended matter and the bottom sediments in different regions of the Black Sea Russian sector

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    I. A. Nemirovskaya

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Content and composition of hydrocarbons (mainly the aliphatic ones in the suspended matter and the bottom sediments in the Gelendzhik Bay, the Big Sochi water area, the Feodosiya Bay and the Black Sea central part are defined and compared with the total organic carbon and chlorophyll a contents. It is shown that the aliphatic hydrocarbon concentrations exceeding the background ones are found only in the coastal zone. Advancing to the pelagic zone is accompanied by sharp decrease of their concentrations. Petroleum and pyrogenic hydrocarbons are mainly manifested in the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons composition. Influence of construction of the Olympic facilities upon distribution of hydrocarbons in the Big Sochi water area was of short duration, and already by 2015 the aliphatic hydrocarbons concentration decreased, on the average, up to 24 µg/l in the surface waters, and up to 18 µg/g – in the bottom sediments. Accumulation of hydrocarbons took place in bottom sediments, where their concentrations exceeded the background ones in terms of dry weight. In the Gelendzhik Bay, their content reached 252 μg/g, and in the composition of organic carbon (Corg > 1 %, which may indicate the contamination of sediments with oil products. In the Feodosiya Bay their part in the composition of Corg did not exceed 0.73 % and was 0.35 % on average. Natural alkanes dominated in the composition of aliphatic hydrocarbons. The bottom sediments are characterized by the predominance of odd high-molecular terrigenous alkanes. The content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the studied sediments was rather low: up to 31 ng/g in the Gelendzhik Bay, up to 348 ng/g in the Feodosiya Bay. These concentrations according to the EPA classification are considered background, or minor petroleum hydrocarbons increase the level of aliphatic hydrocarbons in water and sediments, thus creating a modern hydrocarbon background.

  9. AN ESTIMATE OF THE CONTRIBUTION OF BUSINESS STRUCTURES OF MOTORSPORT IN THE FORMATION OF AN ATTRACTIVE IMAGE OF TERRITORY

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    A. B. Ilin

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The relevance of the topic chosen due to the modern event-state Olympic Park in Sochi, his post-Olympic legacy for the eff ective return of public investment. Currently, one of the operating entities of their own business in the city, the resort is a global company, "Formula 1", which has the contract to conduct the Grand Prix of Russia on the territory of "Sochi racetrack" from 2014 to 2020. with the right of prolongation. In this regard, the presented article deals with the general principles of assessing the contribution of business organizations in motorsport formation of an attractive image of the territory. The infl uence megasportivnyh activities on investment and social development of the foreign states. The main stages of preparation and holding of "Formula 1" as a basis for enhancing the use of the entrepreneurial potential of diff erent kinds of activities. We consider the entrepreneurial and institutional environment, "Formula 1" during the preparation, conduct and postpodgotovki Grand Prix of Russia. Graphically presented model the contribution of "Formula 1" at the macro, meso and micro levels of economic development.The purpose / goal. The aim of the article is to analyze the assessment of the impact of international business organizations in the field of sport, in particular the global company "Formula-1", to the national markets and refreshment area.Methodology. The methodological basis of this article are: content analysis of open analyzes of the development of sports business organizations, empirical and sociological (surveillance methods.Conclusions / relevance. The practical significance of the work lies in the justification of propositions and conclusions in order to understand the importance of the stage of "Formula 1" in Russia, the need for its promotion and revitalization of economic entities of interest to the development of the territories.

  10. Risk factors for osteoporosis in Japan: is it associated with Helicobacter pylori?

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    Asaoka D

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Daisuke Asaoka, Akihito Nagahara, Yuji Shimada, Kenshi Matsumoto, Hiroya Ueyama, Kohei Matsumoto, Yuta Nakagawa, Tsutomu Takeda, Ippei Tanaka, Hitoshi Sasaki, Taro Osada, Mariko Hojo, Sumio Watanabe Department of Gastroenterology, University of Juntendo, School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan Background: A number of diseases and drugs may influence bone mineral density; however, there are few reports concerning the relationship between lifestyle-related diseases and osteoporosis in Japan as determined by multivariate analysis. The aim of this study was to investigate the risk factors for osteoporosis and whether infection by or eradication of Helicobacter pylori is associated with osteoporosis.Methods: Between February 2008 and November 2014, using a cross-sectional study design, we investigated patient profile (age, sex, BMI, alcohol, smoking, H. pylori infection status, comorbidities, internal medicine therapeutic agents (calcium channel blocker, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, proton pump inhibitor, serum parameters (Hb, calcium, ΥGTP, bone turn over markers (bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP and collagen type I cross-linked N telopeptide (NTX, findings on dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA and upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, and Frequency Scale for the Symptoms of GERD score in consecutive outpatients aged ≥50 years at our hospital. We divided the subjects into an osteoporosis group and a non-osteoporosis group and investigated risk factors for osteoporosis between the two groups by bivariate and multivariate analyses.Results: Of the 255 eligible study subjects, 43 (16.9% had osteoporosis. Bivariate analysis showed that advanced age, female sex, lower body mass index, lower cumulative alcohol intake, lower Brinkman index, H. pylori positivity, lower hemoglobin, bone-specific alkaline phosphatase, lower prevalence of hiatal hernia, and endoscopic gastric mucosal atrophy were related to osteoporosis. Multivariate analysis showed that

  11. GEO-ENVIRONMENTAL DUE DILIGENCE AIMED AT SELECTION OF SITES DESIGNATED FOR ACCOMMODATION OF MOBILE GAS TURBINE POWER PLANTS IN RECREATIONAL LANDS

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    Bryukhan' Fedor Fedorovich

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Mobile gas turbine plants (MGTP are the key sources of power designated to improve the safety of power supply in case of power deficit. In Russia, their pilot launch was initiated 5 - 6 years ago, and since then, they have demonstrated their high efficiency. In view of the upcoming Winter Olympic Games, organizations responsible for continuous power supply have resolved to build three MGTPs in Sochi. As Sochi is located in the natural area of preferential protection that has been granted Federal significance, construction and operation of the aforementioned facilities requires a detailed geo-environmental due diligence. Significant efforts have been exerted to substantiate the accommodation of MGTPs in three different sites and to identify the maximal number of power generators per site with account for the ecological restrictions imposed onto the natural areas of preferential protection. The impact produced by MGTPs on the environment depends on their technological features and the appropriate natural and anthropogenic properties of their sites and adjacent lands. Therefore, selection of new sites must be backed by the assessment of negative consequences. This requirement applies mainly to recreational lands. Recent sources report that the principal factors of negative impact of MGTPs include the chemical pollution of the ambient air and the noise pollution of residential buildings located in the immediate proximity to MGTPs. Factors of secondary importance include the pollution of surface and underground waters, soils, intrusion into the geological environment, production of waste, thermal and electromagnetic pollutions. The authors assess different factors of impact produced by MGTPs on the environment. As a result of the geo-ecological due diligence it has been discovered that the maximal number of power generators per site must not exceed 2-4, if the oxide emission technology is employed. At the same time, failure to employ the above

  12. Association of medications for lifestyle-related diseases with reflux esophagitis

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    Asaoka D

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Daisuke Asaoka,1 Akihito Nagahara,2 Mariko Hojo,1 Kenshi Matsumoto,1 Hiroya Ueyama,1 Kohei Matsumoto,1 Kentaro Izumi,1 Tsutomu Takeda,1 Hiroyuki Komori,1 Yoichi Akazawa,1 Yuji Shimada,2 Taro Osada,1 Sumio Watanabe1 1Department of Gastroenterology, University of Juntendo, School of Medicine, Tokyo, 2Department of Gastroenterology, Juntendo University Shizuoka Hospital, Shizuoka, Japan Background: Because of a change in lifestyle, especially adoption of westernized eating habits, lifestyle-related diseases have become increasingly prevalent. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of medications for lifestyle-related diseases with reflux esophagitis (RE.Methods: We conducted a hospital-based, cross-sectional retrospective study of consecutive outpatients who received an upper gastrointestinal endoscopy in our department from February 2008 to November 2014, which was performed by one specialist who was a member of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society. We investigated the patient profile, Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori infection status, medications for lifestyle-related diseases (including calcium channel blockers, statins, and bisphosphonates, and upper gastrointestinal endoscopic findings (RE, hiatal hernia, Barrett’s mucosa, and endoscopic gastric mucosal atrophy [EGA]. Patients with gastrectomy, peptic ulcer disease, gastric or esophageal malignant disease, and those who used proton pump inhibitors or histamine-2 receptor antagonists were excluded. We divided the subjects into a group without RE (RE(– and a RE (RE(+ group as judged by endoscopy, and investigated the risk factors for RE.Results: Of 1,744 consecutive cases, 590 cases (300 males and 290 females; mean age 60.5±13.2 years were eligible. RE(– and RE(+ cases numbered 507 and 83, respectively. Bivariate analysis showed significant positive associations of RE with male sex, body mass index (BMI, calcium channel blockers, Barrett’s mucosa, hiatal

  13. Vivências maternas na realidade de ter um filho autista: uma compreensão pela enfermagem Experiencias maternas en la realidad de tener un hijo autista: una comprensión para la enfermería Maternal experiences in the reality of having an autistic son: an understanding for nursing

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    Claudete Ferreira de Souza Monteiro

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo objetivou descrever a vivência de ser-mãe de criança autista. Utilizou-se abordagem qualitativa e referencial fenomenológico com conceitos de Martin Heidegger. Foram entrevistadas 14 mães de crianças autistas, com perguntas abertas, gravadas e transcritas na íntegra. O cenário foi a AMA-PI e dados produzidos em maio de 2006. A análise revela que as mães vivenciam a facticidade de ter um filho autista permeada por sentimentos de nulidade, fé e solidão. As mães também deixam de viver o seu cotidiano para viverem o cotidiano do filho. Ao assumirem sua condição existencial -estar-no-mundo e ser mãe de uma criança autista, passam a se compreenderem como ser capaz de lutar pelo bem-estar do filho, sem queixas, demonstrando abnegação, paciência e preocupação.Este estudio que objetivó describir la experiencia de ser-madre del un niño autísta. El abordaje cualitativo fue utilizado según el referencial fenomenológico de Martín Heidegger. Catorce madres de niños autístas fueron entrevistadas con preguntas abiertas, grabadas y transcritas en la integra. El escenario de la investigación fue el AMA-PI y los datos producidos en mayo de 2006. El análisis reveló las madres viven profundamente la facticidad de tener un hijo autísta la cual es permeada por sensaciones negativas, fe y la soledad. Las madres tanbién dejam vivir su vida diaria para vivir la vida diaria de sus hijos. Al asumir la condición existencial - estar -en el mundo y ser madre de un niño autísta, ellas comenzan a comprender cómo son capazes de luchar por lo bien-estar de sus hojos, sin quejas, demuenstrando abnegación, paciencia y preocupación.This study has as objective to describe the experience of being mother of an autistic child. A qualitative approach was accomplished according to the phenomenological concepts of Martin Heidegger. Fourteen mothers of autistic children had been interviewed, with semi-structured questions, tape

  14. The Agriculture and Industry of the Black Sea Province at the beginning of the 20th century

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    LyubovG. Polyakova

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the economic development of the Black sea province at the beginning of the XX century. The attention is paid to the development of agriculture, industry, food security of the population. As sources there were used the materials of pre-revolutionary periodical press of the Black sea province, namely: "Sochinskii listok" and "Severnyi Kavkaz". Also there were used the material from the pre-revolutionary guidebooks and handbooks. While solving thetasks there were used thegeneral scientific methods (analysis, synthesis, concretization, generalization, and traditional methods of historical analysis. The authorsapplied the historical-situational method, which involves the study of historical facts in the context of the studied era in conjunction with the "neighboring" events and facts.This is particularly important when studying such sources as periodicals. In conclusion, it is noted that the concentration of wage labor in the industrial production of the Black sea province characterized by the considerable irregularity. The Novorossiysk district was the most industrialized one and had a significant layer of not only urban but also the proletariat, the other two (Sochi and Tuapse were essentially peasant.

  15. The Interference of Politics in the Olympic Games, and How the U.S. Media Contribute to It

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    Anthony Moretti

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In February 2014, Russia will host the Olympic Games for only the second time in its history. Once again, the Olympic spirit—as defined and espoused by the International Olympic Committee—will clash with the political interests that overshadow the Games. This paper examines the political undertones of the 1980 Summer Olympics, hosted by Moscow and which took place during an ice-cold period of the Cold War, and asks whether similar undertones will be on display next year. The 1980 Games were a phenomenal success for Soviet athletes and their Eastern European colleagues. However, in the absence of the United States and more than 50 other nations, the political frame from a Western context was that of athletes from a corrupt system competing alongside their comrades. The boycott of these Games demonstrated the power of the White House and the often lapdog quality of the American media. Now as the Games return to Russia, the issue of whether a Cold War-like mentality will influence U.S. media reporting of the 2014 Sochi Olympics must be asked. The conflicting images in Western news media discourse of Russian president Vladimir Putin and his “Communist past” combined with a tepid diplomatic relationship between his government and the Obama administration provide evidence that a negative portrayal of Russia and therefore its athletes will be displayed in February 2014. And yet there is no impetus for a boycott next year. This paper explores why.

  16. Influence of the Factor of Uncertainty on Development and Implementation of Modern Russian Megaprojects

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    Inna Vasilyevna Mitrofanova

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The general culture of design, planning and implementation of megaprojects in Russia is underdeveloped. Commercialization of procedures of projects’ justification and the involvement of expert community hinder an objective assessment of risks and efficiency of investment projects, while the aspiration to save money at stages of scientific justifications and skilled and experimental checks, lead often to adventurous decisions and unpredictable consequences. The article’s purpose is to reveal the identification signs of modern territorial megaprojects as important tool of the state strategic management and to reveal a complex of the various risks accompanying processes of development and implementation of large investment projects. The special attention is paid to such types of risk as competence and corruption risks. On the example of modern Russian megaprojects, such as “the Ural Industrial – the Ural Polar”, construction of Olympic objects in the city of Sochi, the authors show that these risks became either the reason of megaproject’s rebranding, or led to essential excess of the actual expenses in comparison with the planned. The authors are sure that identification of possible corruption risks at a predesign stage, accounting of reputation risks, elimination of low competences risks are an important task aimed at decrease of uncertainty of final effect from implementation of the territorial complex megaproject.

  17. Exogenic geomorphic processes dynamics at the Black Sea coast, Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuznetsova, Yulia; Tsvetkova, Daria

    2017-04-01

    Nowadays there is an obvious grow of anthropogenic load going on in many areas worldwide. Under such conditions, intensive activation of a number of exogenic geomorphic processes may be observed. Moreover, if natural environment is aggressive itself their dynamics and rates may reach enormous values. Our work is conducted at the Black Sea coast, known for its mountainous topography, wet subtropical climate and intensive anthropogenic development (especially during the last decade due to the recent Olympic games). We chose two key basins near Sochi, Russia to study a number of presented exogenic processes, including rill, gully and channel erosion, weathering, suffusion and piping, soil creep. A set of field study methods is used to monitor the processes dynamics since 2005 (and late 1970s for soil creep). In addition, soil erosion rates and landslide susceptibility were modelled to get information of the watersheds dynamics. This is ongoing work, but the results of the passed period of observations will be resented. Special attention is paid to the processes connectivity and their input into sediment redistribution over the river basins.

  18. A reappraisal of success factors for Olympic cross-country skiing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandbakk, Øyvind; Holmberg, Hans-Christer

    2014-01-01

    Cross-country (XC) skiing has been an Olympic event since the first Winter Games in Chamonix, France, in 1924. Due to more effective training and tremendous improvements in equipment and track preparation, the speed of Olympic XC-ski races has increased more than that of any other Olympic endurance sport. Moreover, pursuit, mass-start, and sprint races have been introduced. Indeed, 10 of the 12 current Olympic competitions in XC skiing involve mass starts, in which tactics play a major role and the outcome is often decided in the final sprint. Accordingly, reappraisal of the success factors for performance in this context is required. The very high aerobic capacity (VO2max) of many of today's world-class skiers is similar that of their predecessors. At the same time, the new events provide more opportunities to profit from anaerobic capacity, upper-body power, high-speed techniques, and "tactical flexibility." The wide range of speeds and slopes involved in XC skiing requires skiers to continuously alternate between and adapt different subtechniques during a race. This technical complexity places a premium on efficiency. The relative amounts of endurance training performed at different levels of intensity have remained essentially constant during the past 4 decades. However, in preparation for the Sochi Olympics in 2014, XC skiers are performing more endurance training on roller skis on competition-specific terrain, placing greater focus on upper-body power and more systematically performing strength training and skiing at high speeds than previously.

  19. Same Citius, Altius, Fortius…more women, crashes, and McTwists?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seiler, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    Almost half of the record 98 events being held at the 2014 Sochi Winter Olympic Games were either not held 20 years ago at Lillehammer or have been substantially modified. The Olympics as a global sports event are not stationary but must adapt and evolve in response to changing demands, just as the remarkable athletes who are competing do. While the Winter Olympics program has steadily grown since Chamonix in 1924, the rate of development has greatly accelerated in the last 20 years. Three factors seem to be instrumental. First, the Winter Olympics program has become more gender balanced. Female hockey teams are battling for gold, and this year women will compete in ski jumping for the first time. Most Winter Olympics sports have equal numbers of events for men and women today, although female participation still lags somewhat behind. Second, many traditional events have been modified by sport-governing bodies toward a more "TV friendly" format. Time-trial starts have been replaced by mass or group starts. "Sprint" and team events have been added to spice up traditional sports like cross-country skiing and speed skating. Finally "extreme" sports like half-pipe and ski-cross have crossed over from the X Games to the Olympics, with some arguing that the Olympics need these popular sports more than the X Games sports need the Olympics. All of these changes create new research questions for sport scientists who are also willing to adapt and evolve.

  20. The Role and Place of “Circassian Question” on US, EU and Turkey' Politics in the North Caucasus

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    N S Belyakova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Circassian diaspora is the biggest North Caucasian diaspora whose members live in almost every continent. In some countries, “Сircassian question” has acquired an evident political tint in relation to the Olympic Games in Sochi in 2014. This article discusses come elements of the North Caucasian policy of the USA, EU and Turkey relation to the problems of the Circassian people. In the US and the EU “Circassian question” is usually used as a tool of negative pressure on Russia. In this regard, “Circassian question” is not the most important place in the politics of America and Europe, and is is activated only when it has to be used against Russia. In Turkey, the “Circassian question” has very important inner meaning, since there resides the largest Circassian diaspora. The Turkish authorities pay attention to this issue in connection with the problem of national identity of Turkish society. Also, “Circassian question” is used as a tool for rapprochement with the peoples of the North Caucasus in order to spread its influence and education of pro-Turkish population. In the Turkish policy “Circassian question” plays the role of a bridge between Turkey and the North Caucasus, and is an example of positive coexistence of titular nation and a national minority in a modern state.

  1. The XXth International Workshop High Energy Physics and Quantum Field Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Workshop continues a series of workshops started by the Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics of Lomonosov Moscow State University (SINP MSU) in 1985 and conceived with the purpose of presenting topics of current interest and providing a stimulating environment for scientific discussion on new developments in theoretical and experimental high energy physics and physical programs for future colliders. Traditionally the list of workshop attendees includes a great number of active young scientists and students from Russia and other countries. This year Workshop is organized jointly by the SINP MSU and the Southern Federal University (SFedU) and will take place in the holiday hotel "Luchezarniy" (Effulgent) situated on the Black Sea shore in a picturesque natural park in the suburb of the largest Russian resort city Sochi - the host city of the XXII Olympic Winter Games to be held in 2014. The main topics to be covered are: Experimental results from the LHC. Tevatron summary: the status of the Standard Model and the boundaries on BSM physics. Future physics at Linear Colliders and super B-factories. Extensions of the Standard Model and their phenomenological consequences at the LHC and Linear Colliders: SUSY extensions of the Standard Model; particle interactions in space-time with extra dimensions; strings, quantum groups and new ideas from modern algebra and geometry. Higher order corrections and resummations for collider phenomenology. Automatic calculations of Feynman diagrams and Monte Carlo simulations. LHC/LC and astroparticle/cosmology connections. Modern nuclear physics and relativistic nucleous-nucleous collisions.

  2. Circassian Question: Transformation of Content and Perception

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    Veronika V. Tsibenko

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Public space discussion of various aspects of the Circassian (Adyghe problematics and the so-called Circassian question became extremely hot in the mid-2000s in connection with such a significant event like the Olympics 2014 in Sochi. The viewpoint that the Circassian question itself does not exist outside the Olympic agenda is prevailing in the Russian research environment. The authors of the current article argue against the binding of the Circassian question exclusively to the Olympics and consider it in a broad historical and cultural context, tracing the transformation of its content and perception by the international community. The article gives a retrospective picture of the Circassian question in relation to the place, time and processes of both local and global significance, identifies the factors that influenced its coverage in a particular way and the main actors that determine the formation of public opinion. The authors distinguish the main historical stages of development of the Circassian national movement, give a detailed description of each of them, reveal the basic mechanisms and features, examine topical Circassian issues. The article gives a large amount of data on the Circassian organizations, their appeals to the governmental and international organizations. As follows from the analysis, the authors conclude that the sharp growth of the relevance of the Circassian problematics after 2007 is conditioned not only by the objective internal processes of the Circassian national movement, but even more by foreign policy factors and the Circassian question perceprion in the international arena has historically predetermined outcome.

  3. New Finds of Painted Ceramics of the Epoch of the Abkhazian Kingdom

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    Armarchuk Ekaterina A.

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The painted polished red-clay ceramic items of the 8th-10th centuries, found on the Anakopia and other sites of Northern Abkhazia and the adjoining district of the city of Sochi are considered in the article. These are small and medium sized single-handled narrow-necked jugs. The painting is made in dark brown paint. The ornament consists mainly of straight and wavy lines; hatching in the form of oblique grids, braids and patterns of specks occur. Taking into account the new finds made during the 2007-2008 excavations of the necropolis on the Sakharnaya Golovka Mountain and of the church near Veseloye village, the analysis of painted polished ware of the Abkhazian Kingdom epoch makes it possible to determine its territorial and chronological distribution limits. The area of this pottery covers the Black Sea coast from the mouth of the Mzymta river to New Athos. Based on the results of the 1950-1980s excavations, it has been dated to the 8th-10th centuries; however, the new materials allow restricting the interval to the 9th-10th centuries. The differences in the vessels manufacturing technology indicate the presence of at least two production centers. The small painted burnished jars discovered in Christian graves suggest that they had been used to store incense or chrism.

  4. Infestation of different garlic varieties by dry bulb mite Aceria tulipae (Keifer (Acari: Eriophyidae

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    Eva Sapáková

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The intensity of garlic infestation by dry bulb mite Aceria tulipae (Keifer, 1938 was observed on different garlic varieties in central Moravia. The aim of this study was to determine infestation of different garlic varieties during storage in the winter period 2011–2012. Current studies on 11 garlic varieties from the Centre of the Region Haná at an altitude of 210 m showed high abundance of Aceria tulipae on 10 varieties. Bolting garlic varieties (Bzenecky Mutant VF, Sochi 25, Tiraspol, Zailijskij were highly infested, non-bolting varieties (Czerga, SIR 10 new breeding, Gjirokaster were infested weakly or not at all (Kelcyre. The highest abundance of mite was found out in semi-bolting garlic variety (Plovdiv Rogosh with total number up to 1 500 individuals in one clove. Significant differences in infestation between external and internal part of the clove were observed in 4 of 11 evaluated varieties. Root segment was significantly the most infested part of the clove. The most resistant kinds to mite infestation were the Kelcyre, Gjirokaster and SIR 10 new breeding varieties. The highest mite introduction to inside cloves was observed in the Plovdiv Rogosh variety. The choice of suitable varieties can significantly eliminate occurrence of A. tulipae and their infestation.

  5. Some contradictions in contemporary assessment acrobatic elements used in the compositions of category "B-Class" in acrobatic rock'n'roll

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    Larisa Lutsenko

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: determine the impact of an innovative approach to improve the special physical and technical training of qualified athletes in acrobatic rock'n'roll. Material and Methods: theoretical analysis and synthesis of the literature, the competition rules, policy papers and documents catalog acrobatic elements "in class". The basic material for analysis was the changes to the 2014 WRRC, judging changes in their sport. Results: studied the catalog acrobatic elements "B-Class" (version 2 WRRC from 14.09.2014, reviewed and analyzed the results of stronger pairs category "B-class" in acrobatic rock'n'roll (World Cup, Russia, Sochi, Russia. The analysis of the requirements of execution of acrobatic elements. Conclusions: these findings demonstrate the need for an innovative approach to improve the special physical and technical training athletes acrobatic rock and roll category "B-Сlass". The difficulty level of acrobatic elements in acrobatic rock 'n' roll should be differential with respect to each of the age groups in their strict sequence the category "juniors" – "in-class" and "M-class".

  6. History of the arboretum " Yuzhnye Cultury" (Southern Culture (persons and events

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    Soltani Galina Alexandrovna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Arboretum "Yuzhnye cultury" (Southern Culture has a difficult fortune. It was built by order of the Governor-General of St. Petersburg D.V. Drachevsky as a magnificent park, which has no equal ones in beauty on the Russian Black Sea coast. The project of the architect of St. Peters-burg A. E. Regel was exercised by an experienced gardener R. K. Skrivanik. The names of P. A. Oldenburgskii, L. I. Rubtsov, D.D. Artsybashev, F.S. Pilipenko and A.A. Plotnikov are closely connected with the history of the park. All global events that took place in Russia during the last century were reflected by periods of rise and fall in the park. In 2012 a new era in the develop-ment of "Yuzhnye cultury" began. A valuable collection pf the arboretum was given to the Sochi National park of Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecologies of Russian Federation. A scientific inventory of the 2013 years showed that in "Yuzhnye cultury" of the territory of 20 hectares plants belonging to 665 species and forms 209 genera 76 families. The work of rebuilding of the park began.

  7. Association between posttraumatic stress and acceptance of social changes: Findings from a general population study and proposal of a new concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazlauskas, Evaldas; Zelviene, Paulina

    2017-03-01

    There is a growing understanding of the importance of the social factors of posttraumatic stress disorder. This study expands research on association between posttraumatic stress and social factors by introducing the measure of the acceptance of social changes and evaluating possible links between posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms and acceptance of social changes. A general population sample ( n = 778) aged from 18 to 89 years ( M = 40.2) from Lithuania participated in our study, of whom 68% reported exposure to traumatic events. Posttraumatic stress reactions were measured with the Impact of Event Scale - Revised (IES-R), and acceptance of social changes was measured with the Acceptance of Social Changes Instrument (SOCHI) developed by the authors of this study. About 8% of the participants had a potential posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. Acceptance of social changes was negatively associated with posttraumatic stress. PTSD was related to lower acceptance of social changes ( d = .61). Structural equation model (SEM) revealed the mediating role of PTSD for acceptance of social changes following trauma exposure. Findings of our study indicate that the acceptance of social changes might be an important psychosocial factor of PTSD.

  8. A 7500 km journey on a solar-powered bicycle: show solidarity with their efforts

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    Our two colleagues, Celine and John, in a little less than four weeks have already travelled almost 2500 km of their 7,500 km-long journey on solar-electric bike, where they plan to cycle from Geneva to Astana (Kazakhstan) via Sochi (in Russia, a mandatory stop). With their efforts they want to promote solar and eco-mobility, particularly travel by "solar powered" bike. To add a touch of solidarity to their sportive and human experience, Celine and John asked us to organize an action in the framework of the Long-Term Collections. It is with pleasure that the Staff Association has accepted their proposal. Therefore, we offer you the opportunity to subscribe to a humanitarian initiative where you agree to pay a sum of 10 CHF for countries crossed by Celine and John, with a minimum commitment of 30 CHF and a maximum of 100 CHF. Indeed, their scheduled trip includes crossing ten countries in Europe and Asia. Position of Céline and Jean on Friday 12th of July Today they are in...

  9. CURRENT TRENDS OF THE PROVISION FOR RADIATION SAFETY OF THE POPULATION OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Onishenko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available P.V.Ramzaev”The article is devoted to the actual issues ofRussian Federationpopulation radiation safety providing at the present stage. The important role of radiation-hygienic passportization is underlined in the process of the obtaining of objective information of radiation situation in the country, of population exposure doses from the all sources: artificial and natural, from the use of ionizing irradiation sources in medicine. The leading role is shown of the natural ionizing irradiation sources in the level of the country population exposure. The main directions of activities are stated aimed on the decreasing of population exposure doses from the natural sources. The brief characteristics is given of the radiation situation on the territories radioactively contaminated after the accident on the Chernobyl NPP, in the Pacific Ocean basin after the accident on the “Fukushima-1”NPP, of the main measures for radiation protection providing and for counteraction to radiation terrorism during the period of international sports and mass actions which were carried out in Russia in the last years (XXVII World Summer Universiade in2013 inKazan, XXII Olympic and XI Winter Paralympics Games in2014 inSochi. The most important tasks are defined for the improvement ofRussian Federationpopulation radiation safety at the present stage.

  10. The Personnel of the Russian Army in the Caucasus in 1830–1840-ies

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    Vladimir B. Karataev

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the personnel structure of the Russian army in the Caucasus in the period of 1830-1840-ies. The attention is paid to the problems of recruitment, and the study of everyday service of soldiers and officers. There are used the materials of the regional and local archives, namely the State archive of the Krasnodar Krai and the Archival department of administration of Sochi city (Russian Federation, as well as sources of a personal origin (memoirs. The work is widely used the pre-revolutionary, soviet and modern russian literature. The study methods are the principles of objectivity, historicism, systematic, integrated consideration of socio-subjective in the subject of study. In conclusion, the authors note that despite of the difficulties of manning the army units in the Caucasus (the flight of the soldiers, crimes, etc. the military situation and competent management of units, and equally significant terms of service allowed to melt antisocial composition of the number of recruits into combat-ready joint. Russian officers played a significant role in the training and re-recruiting of the masses.

  11. The teaching staff of the public education system in the period of the First Russian Revolution (1905–1907 years (on the materials of the Black Sea province

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    Konstantin V. Taran

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article on the basis of archival documents examines the role of teaching staff of educational institutions of the Black Sea province during the First Russian revolution. The attention is paid to the participation of students of senior classes in the revolutionary movement. Among the materials are the archival documents of central and regional archives, namely the state archive of the Russian Federation, Russian state military historical archive, the state archive of the Krasnodar Krai, the center for documentation of contemporary history of Krasnodar Krai and the archive department of historical museum of city-resort Sochi. The authors come to the conclusion that on the territory of the Black Sea province, the activities of significant part of the teaching staff were aimed at destabilization of the political situation, contributing to the overthrow of the existing government. Rather than to protect the high schools students from the influence of political propaganda and to return students to the classrooms, some teachers have contributed to reverse the process, encouraging the study of the political programs of the parties and the desire to participate in the revolutionary movement. As a result, the schoolchildren, minors with unsettled teenage psychology participated in various revolutionary actions, which could lead to the tragic consequences.

  12. Sociodemographic profile of an Olympic team.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrence, D W

    2017-07-01

    To document the distribution of sociodemographic markers (race and relative access to wealth) in athletes participating at the summer and Winter Olympic Games (OGs). Cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological study. Sociodemographic data were collected from publically available resources for all athletes representing four countries (Canada, United States of America, Great Britain and Australia) at the 2014 Sochi Winter OGs and 2016 Rio Summer OGs. The prevalence of white and privately educated athletes were identified for each sport, country, and team with consideration and comparison to the general population. Access indices (i.e. the combined race socio-economic access index [CAI]) were developed to describe the relative distribution of white and privately educated athletes representing each sport, country and team compared to the respective general population. A total of 568 winter and 1643 summer athletes were included in this study. Privately educated athletes constituted 30.3% and 32.7% of winter and summer athletes, respectively; while 94.9% of winter and 81.7% of summer athletes were white. The CAIs of the Canadian, American, British and Australian winter Olympic teams were 0.52, 0.42, 0.61 and 0.45, respectively. The CAIs, for the Canadian, American, British and Australian summer Olympic teams were 0.89, 1.13, 0.82 and 0.83, respectively. Summer and winter sports with the greatest and least racial and socio-economic biases were identified. Racial and socio-economic biases were identified in both summer and winter Olympic sports; predominantly favouring white and privately educated Olympic athletes. These findings prompt further inquiry into barriers for sport-specific participation and advancement, in addition to the practice of providing substantial public resources in support for Olympic sports and athletes. Copyright © 2017 The Royal Society for Public Health. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  13. [The external application of "Plastunskaya" fluoride-containing mineral water in the course of the combined spa and health resort-based treatment of deforming osteoarthrosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mel'nichuk, L P; Khodasevich, L S

    2015-01-01

    Mineral waters containing fluorine (fluorinated waters) at a concentration in excess of 1 mg per liter are extensively used in the newly developing spa and health resort areas of the Russian Federation. They have been found in Siberia, Trans-Baikal regions, and the Krasnodar Territory (together with the Greater Sochi). These waters are mainly used for drinking as a component of the balneo- therapeutic treatment. In this context, the study of the therapeutic effects of low-mineralized hydrocarbonate-sodium waters containing fluorine in high concentrations is of paramount importance for the substantiation and facilitation of their external application in the framework of the programs of combined spa and health resort-based treatment of various diseases. We have investigated the possibility of the external application of "Plastunskaya" mineral water characterized above all by the high content of fluorine for the external treatment of osteoarthritis in 187 patients at the age varying from 37 to 63 years in the combination with the sparing regimen of physical activity, therapeutic physical exercises, klimatotherapy of moderate intensity, and a balanced diet. The patients were prescribed to take general "Plastunskaya" mineral water baths with the fluoride concentration of 7.4 mg/l at a temperature of 36 C from 7 to 15 minutes in duration for 2 consecutive days with a break on every third day (the total course consisted of 14-16 baths). It was shown that the combined treatment with the use of fluorine-containing mineral water resulted in the significant improvement of the clinical and biochemical parameters characterizing the health status of the patients suffering from deforming osteoarthrosis.

  14. The Role and Place of State of Event-Strategic Megaobjects in the Sustainable Territorial Development of the Russian Federation

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    Vladimir Yuryevich Ivanov

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Russia is actively trying to raise its image and rating in the international political, sports and social spheres. This can be achieved by hosting major All-Russian and international events such as APEC 2012 summit, the 2013 Summer Universiade, the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games 2014, FIFA 2018, 2019 Winter Universiade etc. We point to the absence of complex scientific approach to managing such event-strategic megaobjects, and this has negative affect on the Russian economy. The subject of the present research is represented by the role of state event-strategic megaobjects in sustainable regional development of Russia. The analysis allowed to identify a number of features of these objects, and to point out key issues and risks in their implementation. We consider the use of innovative crowdfunding technology to be the positive aspect of public megaobjects’ management. The negative aspects include the excessive scale of the financial costs and problems of cost-effective use of megaobjects after the hosting events. The territorial aspect of the analysis revealed the absence of a systemic approach to the selection of regions for hosting international events, as well as the unevenness of the territorial distribution of megaobjects. The largest event-strategic megaobjects were implemented in the Far Eastern Federal district (APEC summit in Vladivostok in 2012, the Southern Federal district (Krasnodar region, Sochi – The winter Olympic and Paralympic games in February 2014, Volga Federal district (the Universiade in Kazan in 2013. These districts did not become the leading regions in socio-economic development of Russia neither before nor after these events. The studies of such socio-economic and political phenomena will help to present theoretical and practical aspects of their application algorithm in the future for the purpose of balanced regional development of Russia.

  15. Velocity distribution of women's 30-km cross-country skiing during Olympic Games from 2002-2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdmann, Wlodzimierz S; Dancewicz-Nosko, Dorota; Giovanis, Vasilios

    2017-12-01

    Within several investigated endurance sport disciplines the distribution of load of the best competitors has a manner of evenly or slightly rising velocity values. Unfortunately many other competitors have usually diminishing values or when they are very poor they have evenly values. The aim of this study was to investigate distribution of velocity within 30-km cross-country female skiers. Cross-country skiing runs were investigated of Olympic Games 2002-2014 (Salt Lake City, Turin, Vancouver, Sochi). At every race two 15 km or three 10 km loops of the same vertical profile were taken into account. The competitors were divided onto: A - winners, B - medallists, C - competitors who obtained places 4 to 10 at the finish line (medium runners), D - competitors who obtained places 11 to 30 at the finish line (poor runners). Velocity data presented on the web pages of several institutions were utilized. The competitors had their velocity distributed in a manner with usually diminishing values. While comparing velocity of sequential loops with the mean velocity the difference for the poor runners reached the value of almost 6 %, which was too high. There was significant (usually negative) correlation coefficient between values of velocity deviation for the first and second loops and the mean value of velocity for the entire distance for the better runners and mixed, i.e. positive and negative values for the poorer runners. It was postulated investigations of velocity distribution should be introduced in coaching in order to inform competitors about their running. This advise is especially important for the poorer runners. Up to now cross country skiers run for themselves. It should be discussed whether the tactics used by road and track runners, i.e. running with pace makers, can be introduced in cross country skiing. Also the use of a drone during training can be used in order to maintain proper pace.

  16. SPIDERS (ARANEI IN HEPRETOBIONT MESOFAUNA OF THE NORTHWEST CAUCASUS

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    A. V. Ponomarev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Aim. We discussed in previous work a herpetobiont fauna of arachnids (Arachnida from the isolated yewboxwood wood, located in the Caucasian State Biosphere Reserve, 20 km near Sochi (Ponomarev, Chumachenko, 2007. The aim of the paper is to summarize available data about herpetobiont araneofauna of the Northwest Caucasus. Location. Republic of Adygea, Russia.Methods. Material was collected in 2009 on north macroslope of Main Caucasian Ridge within the territory of the Caucasian State Biosphere Reserve between 1000–1820 m. The following plant communities are studied: beech-silver fir (assotiation Abieti-Fagetion orientalis Korotkov et Belonovskaya 1987, maple forest (assotiation Petasito albae-Abietetum nordmannianae subassotiation Aceretosum trautvetteri Francuzov 2006, subalpine meadow (assotiation Poa longifolii – Calamagrostietum arundinaceae Semagina, 1992. Soil traps were used for collection of spiders.Results and main conclusions. During the period of study 100 species of spiders from 19 families are registered. Most diverse araneofauna of subalpine meadows includs 54 species belonging to 14 families. The least diverse araneofauna is in maple forest (24 species of 7 families. In beech-silver fir includes 45 species of 16 families of spiders. Only 3 species (Pireneitega ovtchinnikovi, Cybaeus abchasicus, Tenuiphantes mengei were found in all surveyed habitats. These 3 species clearly tend to forest habitats. Herpetobiont araneofauna of the Northwest Caucasus characterized by high taxonomic diversity with clear predominance of representatives of the family Linyphiidae. Specificity of araneofauna in different types of plant communities is high.

  17. Zheltozems of Russia: Micromorphology, clay minerals, and pedogenetic analysis Zheltozems de Rusia: micromorfología, minerales de la arcilla y análisis edafogenético Zheltozems da Russia: Micromorfología, Minerais de Argila e Análise Pedogenética

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    Maria Gerasimova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Zheltozems (literally "yellow earths" that can be classified as Acrisols, Alisols, or Ultisols, occupy very small areas in Russia; they are strongly modified by human activities. The unchanged profiles are preserved only locally, in particular, in the Sochi arboretum. When compiling the soil map of the arboretum, different Zheltozems were described on gentle and moderately steep slopes and diverse parent materials: calcareous claystone and its heavy-textured derivates. The micromorphology of three characteristic Zheltozem profiles developed on these different parent materials was also studied. The features that they have in common are the following: in all profiles, a specific heavy-textured Bw, or BM 'metamorphic' horizon was identified with a certain set of micromorphological properties: a massive microstructure with fine planes merging into deformed biogenic pores, a monic groundmass with few silt grains that are sometimes oriented, and impregnative iron-oxides pedofeatures. The b-fabric was defined as stipple speckled, poro- and granostriated, locally (monostriated ressembling stress coatings. There are almost no clay coatings except for very few fine internal ones that are light yellow and homogeneous; clay and iron pseudomorphs (alteromorphs occur over some skeleton grains. Many of these properties are related to the clay mineral composition. There are varying quantities of smectites and kaolinite-smectites, whereby the former increase with depth. The presence of expanding minerals is known to contribute to the disintegration of coatings. Remnants of these are observed in typic iron-manganic nodules. In terms of WRB, this horizon is an intergrade between cambic and argic, which is not accounted for in soil diagnostics. As three different Zheltozems are studied in the same area, the following genesis of this specific intergrade can be given. The saprolite in one of the profiles is composed of fragments of weathered calcareous argillites

  18. THE EVOLUTION OF THE WINTER PARALYMPIC GAMES AND SPORTS

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    Giovanis Vasilios

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The aim of this research was to record and the evolution of the winter paralympic games and sports since 1976 until 2010. The history of the Winter Paralympic Games is relatively recent compared to that one of the Olympic Games. The first Games were held in 1976 in Ornskoldsvik, Sweden and the most recent, 38 years later in 2014, in Sochi, Russia. This article will examine the Winter Paralympic Games up until the ones in 2010 in Vancouver, Canada. During these years, there have been many changes in relation to the Games itself, the governing body of the Paralympic Movement, the sports’ facilities, the sports involved and sports’ categories. The motivation for writing this paper was the need to record and gather all of these items in one paper. Gathering information for the Winter Paralympic Games will be an important theoretical background. This information will create a database for the structure of the governing body of the Paralympic Games, for the organization of the Games [Local Organizing Committee (LOC, venues and equipment], for the evolution of the Winter Paralympic Sports and the categories of the athletes, as well as the evolution of the athletes’ and sports’ participation. Material : The research material that was used was mainly from the bibliography and records of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC, from the Official Post Games Reports and the Internet, while the research method that was used was descriptive. Moreover, the use of diagrams will depict the distribution of the participation of athletes and countries in each Games. Results : The participation of countries grew continuously and steadily from 16 to 44, during the years of 1976 to 2010 respectively. Regarding the athletes’ participation, starting in the first Games with 198 athletes, they reached the number of 502 in the 2010 Vancouver Winter Paralympic Games. The participation percentages of the athletes coming from Europe constituted the bulk

  19. On the Perception of National Security Issues at Regional Level

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    Ponedelkov Aleksandr Vasilyevich

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article explores the issue on the perception of the concept “national security” areas, models and methods of its maintenance by the population. The author uses materials of the sociological survey conducted by the Laboratory of problems of increasing the efficiency of state and municipal management of the South-Russian Institute of Management – branch of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration. The survey was carried out with the participation of leading experts in various aspects of national security, representing 27 Russian higher educational institutions and research centers in Moscow, Astrakhan, Barnaul, Belgorod, Dushanbe, Krasnodar, Nizhny Novgorod, Omsk, Pyatigorsk, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Syktyvkar, Sochi, Ufa. It is noted that as a priority political governance model that implements the basic concept of national security, respondents identified a democratic model. Most respondents believe that a unified security model in the Russian regions is ineffective, and such model should be developed taking into account the specificity of each subject. The study showed that the public’s attention to the issue of national security is not sustainable, as determined by situational factors. It is proved that the motives of anxiety formed in the Russian public mind are not sustainable, and situational. Respondents see the economic cooperation more effective incentive to maintain national interests than by force. Estimation of the population of the priority issues of security shows that most respondents appreciate the organization of work to ensure the safety and anti-terrorism security in the sphere of national relations. The findings give grounds to assert that the focus of public attention to the problem of national security does not yet occupy the leading positions. To a greater extent, respondents focused on the issues of public safety, reducing threats and risks in their daily lives

  20. Landslide hazard assessment of the Black sea coastline (Caucasus, Russia) via drones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazeev, Andrey; Postoev, German; Fedotova, Ksenia

    2017-04-01

    Landslide hazard assessment of slopes of Sochi was performed along the railway between the cities Tuapse and Adler (total length 103 km). The railway passes through the territory with active development of hazardous geological processes such as landslides, rock falls and debris-flows. By the beginning of 2016, 36 landslide sites were discovered along the railway (total length 34 km), 48 rock-fall sites (length 31 km), and 5 debris-flow sites (length 0.14 km). In recent years the intensification of deformations was observed. For instance, during previous 10 years (1996¬¬-2005) 28 sudden deformations occurred due to slope processes, which caused interruptions in traffic. And in the present decade (2006-2015), 72 deformations were recorded. High landslide activity and economic loss determined the necessity of complex investigations of engineering geological conditions of landslides development and causes of its intensification. The protection strategy development was needed to minimize negative consequences. Thus, the investigations of landslide situation along the railway "Tuapse - Adler" included the categorization of landslide sites by level of hazard, with risk assessment based on numerical criteria. Preliminary evaluation of landslide hazard for the railway was conducted via the analysis of archived engineering-geological documents. 13 of 36 landslide sites (total length 13 km) were selected, reflecting the variety and peculiarities of landslide displacements on slopes (both active and inactive sites). Visual field observations of landslide slopes using drone "DJI Phantom 4" were completed during the second stage of this investigation. High-resolution photographs of landslide cirques, cracks, scarp walls, vegetation features were obtained via drone, which would have been impossible to obtain from the ground in conditions of dense subtropical vegetation cover. Possible approaches to the landslide activity and hazard assessment were evaluated: slope stability

  1. Numerical simulation of a meteorological regime of Pontic region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toropov, P.; Silvestrova, K.

    2012-04-01

    The Black Sea Coast of Caucasus is one of priority in sense of meteorological researches. It is caused both strategic and economic importance of coast, and current development of an infrastructure for the winter Olympic Games «Sochi-2014». During the winter period at the Black Sea Coast of Caucasus often there are the synoptic conditions leading to occurrence of the dangerous phenomena of weather: «northeast», ice-storms, strong rains, etc. The Department of Meteorology (Moscow State University) throughout 8 years spends regular measurements on the basis of Southern Department of Institute of Oenology of the Russian Academy of Sciences in July and February. They include automatically measurements with the time resolution of 5 minutes in three points characterizing landscape or region (coast, steppe plain, top of the Markothsky ridge), measurements of flux of solar radiation, measurements an atmospheric precipitation in 8 points, which remoteness from each other - 2-3 km. The saved up material has allowed to reveal some features of a meteorological mode of coast. But an overall objective of measurements - an estimation of quality of the numerical forecast by means of «meso scale» models (for example - model WRF). The first of numerical experiments by WRF model were leaded in 2007 year and were devoted reproduction of a meteorological mode of the Black Sea coast. The second phase of experiments has been directed on reproduction the storm phenomena (Novorossiysk nord-ost). For estimation of the modeling data was choused area witch limited by coordinates 44,1 - 44,75 (latitude) and 37,6 - 39 (longitude). Estimations are spent for the basic meteorological parameters - for pressure, temperature, speed of a wind. As earlier it was marked, 8 meteorological stations are located in this territory. Their values are accepted for the standard. Errors are calculated for February 2005, 2006, 2008, 2011 years, because in these periods was marked a strong winds. As the

  2. Flood risk on the Black sea coast of Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alekseevsky, Nikolay; Magritsky, Dmitry; Koltermann, Peter; Krylenko, Inna; Umina, Natalya; Aybulatov, Denis; Efremova, Natalya; Lebedeva, Seraphima

    2013-04-01

    coast is very high. It is proved by recent events in 1991, 2002, 2010 and 2012. Possibly, it will increase in the future, as well as number of high and destructive floods. This tendency is caused by strengthening of climatic and synoptic instability in the region and by the human activity in the watersheds and floodplains development (for example huge constructions for the Olympic Winter Games 2014 near Sochi). But this tendency statistically isn't significant yet. Decrease of flood risks will be promoted by optimization of system of hydrometeorological monitoring; detailed studying of factors and characteristics of the floods, including flood dynamic modeling and hazard zonation; development of effective methods of the forecast and the prevention of floods; increasing in channel capacity; population resettlement from especially dangerous areas. The scientific basis for these measures is created by authors within large-scale researches on a grant of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 11.G34.31.0007.

  3. Modeling of Nonlinear Hydrodynamics of the Coastal Areas of the Black Sea by the Chain of the Proprietary and Open Source Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kantardgi, Igor; Zheleznyak, Mark; Demchenko, Raisa; Dykyi, Pavlo; Kivva, Sergei; Kolomiets, Pavlo; Sorokin, Maxim

    2014-05-01

    -SED - the module of the simulation of the sediment transport in which the suspended sediments are simulated on the basis of the solution of 2-D advection -diffusion equation and the bottom sediment transport calculations are provided the basis of a library of the most popular semi-empirical formulas. MORPH - the module of the simulation of the morphological transformation of coastal zone based on the mass balance equation, on the basis of the sediment fluxes, calculated in the SED module. MORPH management submodel is responsible for the execution of the model chain "waves- current- sediments - morphodynamics- waves". The open source model SWASH has been used to simulate nonlinear resonance phenomena in coastal waters. The model chain was applied to simulate the potential impact of the designed shore protection structures at the Sochi Olympic Park on coastal morphodynamics, the wave parameters and nonlinear oscillations in the new ports designed in Gelenddjik and Taman at North-East coast of the Black Sea. The modeling results are compared with the results of the physical modeling in the hydraulic flumes of Moscow University of Civil Engineering.

  4. Vubıhlar ve VubıhçaUbykhs and Ubykh Language

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    Serhat KÜÇÜK

    2014-01-01

    up to now. Because of being a Caucasian origin tribe settling in Anatolia, the dialect of Ubykh tribe of Circassian is thought to be nearly the same as Hittite language. Ubykh language is like a living fossil. Being born on the coasts of Black sea, it is one of the oldest languages of history of humanity. This language was only spoken in Sochi region which is an upland settlement used in summers in Russian Federation today. It belongs to twisted language family and it is the richest language in the world in terms of consonants. It has 83 consonants in return for 2 vowels. There are almost 3000 words in this language. This number is high for a language that does not have written documents.