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Sample records for hla-g blood serum

  1. HLA-G and IL-10 in serum in relation to HLA-G genotype and polymorphisms

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    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F; Rizzo, Roberta; Christiansen, Ole B

    2004-01-01

    -G mRNA isoforms. On this background it is of general interest to further elucidate any associations between HLA-G polymorphism and protein expression. We have HLA-G genotyped 85 individuals attending IVF treatment, and further studied sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 and interleukin-10 (IL-10) in serum samples. In 21......% of the serum samples sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 could be detected. There was no correlation between sHLA-G1/HLA-G5 and IL-10 concentrations in serum. Soluble HLA-G1/HLA-G5 was not detected in any samples homozygous for a 14-bp insertion polymorphism in exon 8 of the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) of the HLA-G gene ( P=0...

  2. The plasma levels of soluble HLA-G molecules correlate directly with CD34+ cell concentration and HLA-G 14bp insertion/insertion polymorphism in cord blood donors.

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    Capittini, Cristina; Bergamaschi, Paola; Sachetto, Sara; Truglio, Mariarosa; Viola, Monica; Marchesi, Andrea; Genovese, Valeria; Romano, Bina; Guarene, Marco; Poma, Rossella; Martinetti, Miryam; Tinelli, Carmine; Salvaneschi, Laura

    2014-01-01

    Cord blood provides haematopoietic stem cells for allogeneic transplantation and, thanks to the naivety of its immune system, has several advantages over other sources of stem cells. In the transplantation setting, the presence of immunosuppressive human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-G molecules has been advocated to prevent both rejection and Graft-versus-Host disease. HLA-G is physiologically expressed throughout pregnancy and is contained in cord blood at birth. Moreover, it has recently been reported that not only cord blood mesenchymal cells, but also CD34+ cell progenies produce soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G). We tried to identify the largest producer of sHLA-G among 85 healthy cord blood donors at Pavia Cord Blood Bank, correlating the sHLA-G concentration with the HLA-G 14bp insertion/deletion (INS/DEL) genotype and CD34+ cell concentration. We measured sHLA-G levels in 36 cord blood plasma stored at -20 °C for 2 months and 49 cord blood plasma stored at -196 °C for 4-6 years, by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. All cord blood donors were genotyped for the HLA-G 14bp INS/DEL polymorphism by polymerase chain reaction. For each cord blood unit, we measured the cell concentration by flow cytometry. We did not find differences in sHLA-G levels between cord blood plasma aliquots stored for 4-6 years at -196 °C and cord blood plasma aliquots stored for 2 months at -20 °C. We observed a higher sHLA-G concentration in cord blood plasma donors who carried the HLA-G 14bp INS/INS genotype and had higher CD34+ cell concentrations (P=0.006). This is the first report showing that the best cord blood stem cell donor is also the best sHLA-G producer, particularly if genetically characterized by the HLA-G 14bp INS/INS genotype. If the therapeutic role of sHLA-G molecules were to be finally established in the transplantation setting, our data suggest that cord blood plasma donors can provide a safe source of allogeneic sHLA-G immunosuppressive molecules ready for transfusion.

  3. Ex vivo functional responses to HLA-G differ between blood and decidual NK cells.

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    Apps, Richard; Sharkey, Andrew; Gardner, Lucy; Male, Victoria; Kennedy, Pippa; Masters, Leanne; Farrell, Lydia; Jones, Des; Thomas, Rasmi; Moffett, Ashley

    2011-09-01

    Restricted expression of human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) to fetal extravillous trophoblast cells, which invade the decidua during implantation, suggests a role for HLA-G in placentation. In this study, we have investigated several aspects of HLA-G expression and function. Surface levels of HLA-G expression were measured in 70 normal pregnancies. We show the dimeric conformation that is unique to HLA-G forms after passage through the Golgi apparatus. Differences were found in the receptor repertoire of decidual natural killer (dNK) cells that express the leucocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor B1 (LILRB1), which binds dimeric HLA-G strongly. We then measured functional responses of dNK cells with LILRB1, when stimulated by HLA-G in both monomeric and dimeric conformations. Degranulation, interferon-γ and interleukin-8 production by dNK cells freshly isolated from the first trimester implantation site were either undetected or not affected by HLA-G. These findings should be considered when inferring the activity of tissue NK cells from results obtained with cell lines, peripheral NK or cultured dNK cells. © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved.

  4. Identification of a novel HLA-G+ regulatory population in blood: expansion after allogeneic transplantation and de novo HLA-G expression at graft-versus-host disease sites

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    Lazana, Ioanna; Zoudiari, Anastasia; Kokkinou, Dimitra; Themeli, Maria; Liga, Maria; Papadaki, Helen; Papachristou, Dionysios; Spyridonidis, Alexandros

    2012-01-01

    Background The human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) has been considered to be an important tolerogeneic molecule playing an essential role in maternal-fetal tolerance, which constitutes the perfect example of successful physiological immunotolerance of semi-allografts. In this context, we investigated the putative role of this molecule in the allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation setting. Design and Methods The percentage of HLA-G+ cells in peripheral blood of healthy donors and allo-transplanted patients was evaluated by flow cytometry. Their immunoregulatory and tolerogeneic properties were investigated in in vitro immunostimulatory and immunosuppression assays. Immunohistochemical analysis for HLA-G expression was performed in skin biopsies from allo-transplanted patients and correlated with the occurrence of graft-versus-host disease. Results We identified a CD14+HLA-Gpos population with an HLA-DRlow phenotype and decreased in vitro immunostimulatory capacity circulating in peripheral blood of healthy individuals. Naturally occurring CD14+HLA-Gpos cells suppressed T-cell responses and exerted an immunotolerogenic action on T cells by rendering them hyporesponsive and immunosuppressive in vitro. After allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation, HLA-Gpos cells increase in blood. Interestingly, besides an increase in CD14+HLA-Gpos cells, there was also a pronounced expansion of CD3+HLA-Gpos cells. Of note, CD3+HLA-Gpos and CD14+HLA-Gpos cells from transplanted patients were suppressive in in vitro lymphoproliferation assays. Furthermore, we found an upregulation of HLA-G expression in skin specimens from transplanted patients that correlated with graft-versus-host disease. Inflammatory cells infiltrating the dermis of transplanted patients were also HLA-Gpos. Conclusions We report the presence of naturally occurring HLA-Gpos monocytic cells with in vitro suppressive properties. HLA-G expressing regulatory blood cells were found in increased numbers after

  5. Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G polymorphism and expression in breast cancer patients.

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    Seri Jeong

    Full Text Available Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G is known to be implicated in a tumor-driven immune escape mechanism in malignancies. The purpose of this study was to investigate HLA-G polymorphism and expression in breast cancer. HLA-G alleles were determined by direct DNA sequencing procedures from blood samples of 80 breast cancer patients and 80 healthy controls. Soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA from serum specimens. HLA-G expression in breast cancer lesions was also analyzed by immunohistochemistry staining. The presence of HLA-G 3' untranslated region (UTR 14-bp sequence was analyzed and found to be associated with reduced risk of breast cancer susceptibility based on HLA-G expression in tissues (P = 0.0407. Levels of sHLA-G were higher in the breast cancer group (median 117.2 U/mL compared to the control group (median 10.1 U/mL, P<0.001. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AU-ROC values of sHLA-G for differentiating breast cancer from normal controls and for detecting metastasis from other stages of breast cancer were 0.89 and 0.79, respectively. HLA-G polymorphism and expression may be involved in breast carcinogenesis and sHLA-G concentrations could be used as a diagnostic marker for detecting breast cancer.

  6. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G during pregnancy part II

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    Dahl, Mette; Klitkou, Louise; Christiansen, Ole B

    2015-01-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a class Ib molecule with restricted tissue distribution expressed on the extra-villous trophoblast and seems to have immunomodulatory functions during pregnancy. Studies have linked HLA-G polymorphisms to pregnancy complications such as preeclampsia and recurrent...... miscarriage. Levels of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) in blood plasma from non-pregnant donors seem to be associated with these polymorphisms. In the current study, we have genotyped 246 mothers and their offspring for HLA-G polymorphisms in the 3'-untranslated region (3'UTR) and measured sHLA-G in maternal blood...... plasma samples from gestational week 20 and at term, as well as in fetal umbilical cord blood samples. This is the first large study simultaneously performing HLA-G genotyping of mother and offspring and measuring sHLA-G in both maternal and umbilical cord blood. The results showed that increasing...

  7. The 14 bp Del/Ins HLA-G Polymorphism Is Related with High Blood Pressure in Acute Coronary Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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    Ilian Janet García-González

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Immunologic and inflammatory processes are involved in the pathogenesis of acute coronary syndrome (ACS and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2. Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G is a negative regulator of the immune response. This study evaluates the 14 bp Del/Ins HLA-G polymorphism in ACS and DM2. Three hundred and seventy individuals from Western Mexico were recruited and categorized into three groups: ACS (86, DM2 without coronary complications (70, and healthy subjects (214. Genotyping of the 14 bp Del/Ins HLA-G polymorphism was performed by PCR and Native-PAGE. The most common risk factors were hypertension and overweight in ACS and DM2, respectively. The genetic distribution of the 14 bp Del/Ins HLA-G polymorphism showed no significant differences between groups (P≥0.23. Nonetheless, the Ins/Ins genotype was associated with high blood pressure (HBP in the DM2 group (ORc = 1.65, P=0.02. The genetic recessive model showed similar findings (ORc = 3.03, P=0.04. No association was found in ACS, with a P of 0.05; nevertheless, the prevalence of Ins/Ins carriers was quite similar to that found in the DM2-HBP group. The 14 bp Del/Ins HLA-G polymorphism was not a susceptibility factor for ACS or DM2; however, the Ins/Ins genotype might have contributed to the development of HBP in the studied groups.

  8. The Role of HLA-G Molecule and HLA-G Gene Polymorphisms in Tumors, Viral Hepatitis, and Parasitic Diseases

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    Dias, Fabrício C.; Castelli, Erick C.; Collares, Cristhianna V. A.; Moreau, Philippe; Donadi, Eduardo A.

    2015-01-01

    Considering that the non-classical HLA-G molecule has well-recognized tolerogenic properties, HLA-G expression is expected to be deleterious when present in tumor cells and in cells chronically infected by viruses, whereas HLA-G expression is expected to be advantageous in autoimmune disorders. The expression of HLA-G on tissue or peripheral blood cells, the levels of soluble HLA-G and polymorphic sites along the gene have been studied in several disorders. In this study, we revised the role ...

  9. Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G during pregnancy part I

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    Klitkou, Louise; Dahl, Mette; Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F

    2015-01-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a class Ib molecule with restricted tissue distribution expressed on trophoblast cells and has been proposed to have immunomodulatory functions during pregnancy. Soluble HLA-G1 (sHLA-G1) can be generated by the shedding of membrane-bound HLA-G molecules; however......, three soluble isoforms also exist (HLA-G5 to -G6). During pregnancy, it is unknown whether there is a correlation between sHLA-G levels in maternal and fetal blood. In 246 pregnancies, we have measured the levels of sHLA-G1/-G5 in maternal blood plasma samples from gestational week 20 (GW20) and at term......, as well as in umbilical cord blood samples. Soluble HLA-G levels declined by 38.4% in maternal blood from GW20 to term, and sHLA-G levels were significantly lower in maternal blood at term than in GW20 (PHLA-G levels were significantly higher in maternal blood than in umbilical...

  10. Antibodies to trophoblast antigens HLA-G, placenta growth factor, and neuroD2 do not improve detection of circulating trophoblast cells in maternal blood.

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    Tjoa, M L; Delli-Bovi, L; Johnson, K L; Bianchi, D W

    2007-01-01

    Non-invasive prenatal diagnosis using circulating fetal trophoblast cells has been challenging due to lack of a reproducible trophoblast-specific antibody. We investigated the use of three trophoblast cell-specific antibodies, HLA-G, placenta growth factor, and neuroD2, for the isolation of trophoblast cells from the maternal circulation. Trophoblast cells were isolated by density centrifugation from maternal blood samples (gestational age 10-20 weeks, n = 9). All women were carrying a male fetus. Following immunocytochemical staining with the trophoblast-specific antibodies, fluorescent in situ hybridization was performed, to verify whether any stained cells were indeed fetal. The HLA-G antibody had a ubiquitous staining pattern, which was not specific for trophoblast cells. Neither the placenta growth factor nor the neuroD2 antibodies were able to identify any trophoblast cells. Following fluorescent in situ hybridization, no male cells were detected on any of the slides. The antibodies used in this study were unable to improve detection of trophoblast cells in the maternal circulation.

  11. Correlation of serum sHLA-G levels with cyst stage in patients with cystic echinococcosis: is it an immune evasion strategy?

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    Mariconti, M; Meroni, V; Badulli, C; Brunetti, E; Tinelli, C; De Silvestri, A; Tamarozzi, F; Genco, F; Casulli, A; Martinetti, M

    2016-07-01

    Patients with cystic echinococcosis (CE) can harbour cysts for years or even decades, apparently without effect of the immune system on the metacestode. Although several immune evasion mechanisms by echinococcal cysts have been described, it is unclear whether the human leucocyte antigen (HLA) system plays a role in the susceptibility or resistance to CE in humans. HLA-G molecules are known to exert a suppressive action on dendritic cells maturation and on natural killer (NK) cells functions, therefore hampering T-cell responses and NK cytolysis. HLA-G plays an important role in immune tolerance, is involved in foetus and in allotransplant tolerance, and may be involved in tumoral and viral immune evasion. In this study, we assessed the presence and levels of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) in patients with CE using a commercial ELISA kit to determine whether host's HLA-G may have a role in the course of human CE. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Mesenchymal stem cells upregulate Treg cells via sHLA-G in SLE patients.

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    Chen, Chen; Liang, Jun; Yao, Genhong; Chen, Haifeng; Shi, Bingyu; Zhang, Zhuoya; Zhao, Cheng; Zhang, Huayong; Sun, Lingyun

    2017-03-01

    Soluble human leukocyte antigen-G (sHLA-G) is a non-classical HLA class I molecule, exhibiting strong immunosuppressive properties by inducing the differentiation of T regulatory cells (Treg). Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) transplantation alleviates disease progression in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. However, the underlying mechanisms are largely unknown. To explore whether sHLA-G is involved in upregulating effects of MSCs on Treg, which contributes to therapeutic effects of MSCs transplantation in SLE. The serum sHLA-G levels of SLE patients and healthy controls were detected by ELISA. The percentages of peripheral blood CD4+ILT2+, CD8+ILT2+, CD19+ILT2+ cells and Treg cells were examined by flow cytometry. Ten patients with active SLE, refractory to conventional therapies, were infused with umbilical cord derived MSCs (UC-MSCs) and serum sHLA-G was measured 24h and 1month after infusion. The mice were divided into three groups: C57BL/6 mice, B6.MRL-Fas(lpr) mice infused with phosphate buffer saline (PBS), and B6.MRL-Fas(lpr) mice infused with bone marrow MSCs (BM-MSCs). Then, the concentrations of serum Qa-2 were detected. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from SLE patients and co-cultured with UC-MSCs for 3days at different ratios (50:1, 10:1, and 2:1) with or without HLA-G antibody, and the frequencies of CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ T cells were then determined by flow cytometry. The concentrations of serum sHLA-G were comparable between SLE patients and healthy controls. However, there was a negative correlation between sHLA-G levels and SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI) scores in active SLE patients (SLEDAI>4). We found that serum sHLA-G levels were negatively correlated with blood urea nitrogen, serum creatinine and 24-hour urine protein in SLE patients. The sHLA-G levels were significantly lower in SLE patients with renal involvement than those without renal involvement. The expression of ILT2 on CD4+ T cells from SLE patients

  13. HLA-G expression on blasts and tolerogenic cells in patients affected by acute myeloid leukemia.

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    Locafaro, Grazia; Amodio, Giada; Tomasoni, Daniela; Tresoldi, Cristina; Ciceri, Fabio; Gregori, Silvia

    2014-01-01

    Human Leukocyte Antigen-G (HLA-G) contributes to cancer cell immune escape from host antitumor responses. The clinical relevance of HLA-G in several malignancies has been reported. However, the role of HLA-G expression and functions in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is still controversial. Our group identified a subset of tolerogenic dendritic cells, DC-10 that express HLA-G and secrete IL-10. DC-10 are present in the peripheral blood and are essential in promoting and maintaining tolerance via the induction of adaptive T regulatory (Treg) cells. We investigated HLA-G expression on blasts and the presence of HLA-G-expressing DC-10 and CD4(+) T cells in the peripheral blood of AML patients at diagnosis. Moreover, we explored the possible influence of the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of HLA-G, which has been associated with HLA-G expression, on AML susceptibility. Results showed that HLA-G-expressing DC-10 and CD4(+) T cells are highly represented in AML patients with HLA-G positive blasts. None of the HLA-G variation sites evaluated was associated with AML susceptibility. This is the first report describing HLA-G-expressing DC-10 and CD4(+) T cells in AML patients, suggesting that they may represent a strategy by which leukemic cells escape the host's immune system. Further studies on larger populations are required to verify our findings.

  14. The HLA-G genotype is associated with IL-10 levels in activated PBMCs

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    Rizzo, Roberta; Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F; Stignani, Marina

    2005-01-01

    splicing and in the stability of HLA-G mRNA transcripts have been associated with HLA-G polymorphisms, especially a 14 bp deletion/insertion polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region of the HLA-G gene. We have investigated the secretion of HLA-G5/soluble HLA-G1 and interleukin-10 (IL-10......) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-activated peripheral blood mononuclear lymphocytes (PBMCs) in relation to the HLA-G 14 bp genotype. No HLA-G5/sHLA-G1 could be detected in the non-activated control PBMC culture media, and there were no significant differences among the three HLA-G 14 bp genotypes regarding IL-10...... concentrations. In LPS-activated PBMC cultures, no significant differences among the three HLA-G 14 bp genotypes regarding HLA-G5/sHLA-G1 concentrations were observed. However, this was in contrast to the IL-10 levels (P=0.0004, Kruskal-Wallis test). The +14/+14 bp PBMC samples expressed higher levels of IL-10...

  15. HLA-G expression in placenta in relation to HLA-G genotype and polymorphisms

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    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F; Larsen, Lise Grupe; Hoegh, Anne Mette

    2004-01-01

    PROBLEM: The expression of the non-classical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib gene, HLA-G, seems to be important at the feto-maternal interface. The HLA-G molecule is almost monomorphic and expressed in both membrane-bound and soluble isoforms. It has been shown to inhibit natural killer cell...... -mediated lysis and influence cytokine expression. HLA-G gene polymorphism has been linked to differences in gene expression profile of alternatively spliced HLA-G transcripts and levels of specific HLA-G messenger RNA (mRNA) isoforms. Furthermore, aberrant HLA-G expression has been reported in preeclamptic...... placentas. On this background it is of general interest to further elucidate any associations between HLA-G polymorphism and protein expression. METHODS: We have investigated HLA-G protein expression by immunohistochemistry in HLA-G genotyped placentas from term. HLA-G mRNA expression in preeclamptic...

  16. Soluble human leukocyte antigen-G in seminal plasma is associated with HLA-G genotype

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    Dahl, Mette; Perin, Trine L; Djurisic, Snezana

    2014-01-01

    -G gene and/or with the outcome of assisted reproduction treatments (ART) in couples attending a fertility clinic. METHOD OF STUDY: In a total of 54 unselected couples, sHLA-G levels were measured in seminal plasma samples and blood samples, HLA-G genotyping was performed, and clinical data were collected...... sHLA-G as an immunomodulatory factor in the female reproductive tract before and at the time of conception....

  17. HLA-G polymorphisms and HLA-G expression in sarcoidosis

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    Hviid, TVF; Milman, N; Hylenius, S

    2006-01-01

    HLA-G expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry in granulomas from sarcoidosis patients, weak HLA-G expression was observed in only one patient. CONCLUSIONS: HLA-G alleles that include a 14-bp sequence polymorphism in exon 8 of the HLA-G gene are observed more often in sarcoidosis patients......BACKGROUND: The MHC class Ib molecule Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA)-G may be important in induction and maintenance of immunological tolerance, and HLA-G expression may have a role in different cancers, in certain diseases with associations to HLA, and in organ transplantation. Sarcoidosis...... is a systemic granulomatous disease with unknown etiology but at the molecular level several studies have shown HLA associations. METHODS: In the present study, HLA-G alleles/polymorphisms were studied in sarcoidosis patients (n = 47) and controls (n = 129) by PCR techniques and HLA-G protein expression...

  18. HLA-G polymorphisms and HLA-G expression in sarcoidosis

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    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F; Milman, Nils; Hylenius, Sine

    2006-01-01

    was investigated in granulomas from sarcoidosis patients with the use of immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The HLA-G*010102/-G*0106 alleles were observed more often in sarcoidosis patients (39.4%) than in controls (26.4%), p = 0.025 (Fisher's exact test); however, not significant after correction (p(c) = 0.15). When...... HLA-G expression was investigated by immunohistochemistry in granulomas from sarcoidosis patients, weak HLA-G expression was observed in only one patient. CONCLUSIONS: HLA-G alleles that include a 14-bp sequence polymorphism in exon 8 of the HLA-G gene are observed more often in sarcoidosis patients...... than in controls. The sequence variation may influence HLA-G mRNA stability and influence the expression of soluble isoforms of HLA-G. Only rare and weak expression of HLA-G was observed in granulomas from sarcoidosis patients. More studies are needed to further elucidate the possible role for HLA...

  19. HLA-G in human reproduction

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    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F

    2005-01-01

    will, in particular, discuss HLA-G and its role in human reproduction and in the human MHC. HLA-G seems to be important in the modulation of the maternal immune system during pregnancy and thereby the maternal acceptance of the semiallogenic fetus. Recent findings regarding aspects of HLA...

  20. Adrenomedullin 2/intermedin regulates HLA-G in human trophoblasts.

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    Chauhan, Madhu; Balakrishnan, Meena; Yallampalli, Uma; Endsley, Janice; Hankins, Gary D V; Theiler, Regan; Yallampalli, Chandra

    2011-12-01

    Adrenomedullin 2 (ADM2), also referred to as intermedin (IMD), is expressed in trophoblast cells in human placenta and enhances the invasion and migration of first-trimester HTR-8SV/neo cells. Further infusion of ADM2 antagonist in pregnant rat causes fetoplacental growth restriction, suggesting a role for ADM2 in maintaining a successful pregnancy. This study was undertaken to assess whether ADM2 protein is present in decidual tissue and colocalized with HLA-G-positive cytotrophoblast cells and natural killer cells; to assess whether ADM2 regulates expression of HLA-G in trophoblast cells; and to identify whether mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway is involved in ADM2-induced trophoblast cell invasion and migration. Using immunohistochemical methods and RT-PCR, this study shows that ADM2 protein is colocalized with HLA-G-expressing cytotrophoblast cells as well as with NCAM1 (CD56) immunoreactivity in human first-trimester decidual tissue, and that ADM2 mRNA is expressed in peripheral blood natural killer cells. Further, ADM2 dose dependently increases the expression of HLA-G antigen in HTR-8SV/neo cells as well as in term placental villi explants, suggesting involvement of ADM2 in the regulation of HLA-G in trophoblast cells. In addition, interference with the activity of RAF and MAPK3/1 by their inhibitors, manumycin and U0126, respectively, reduces ADM2-induced HTR-8SV/neo cell invasion and migration. In summary, this study suggests a potential involvement for ADM2 in regulating HLA-G antigen at the maternal-fetal interface in human pregnancy and facilitating trophoblast invasion and migration via MAPK3/1 phosphorylation.

  1. Elevation of HLA-G-expressing DC-10 cells in patients with gastric cancer.

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    Xu, Dan-Ping; Shi, Wei-Wu; Zhang, Tong-Tong; Lv, Hai-Yan; Li, Jing-Bo; Lin, Aifen; Yan, Wei-Hua

    2016-09-01

    DC-10 is a distinct subset of human tolerogenic dendritic cells (DCs) which express high levels of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G). DC-10 could induce adaptive type 1 regulatory T cells through the IL-10 dependent ILT4/HLA-G signaling pathway. However, the significance of DC-10 in malignancies remains unclear. In this study, the frequency and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of HLA-G+ DC-10 in the peripheral blood of 124 patients with gastric cancer (GC) and 130 normal controls was analyzed with flow cytometry. Plasma sHLA-G was analyzed with ELISA. Results showed both the percentages of peripheral HLA-G+ DC-10 (median: 0.13% vs 0.01%; pDC-10 in GC patients was strongly relative to the tumor grade (p=0.021). sHLA-G levels in GC patients were significantly higher than in healthy controls (median: 85.80U/ml vs 61.20U/ml; pDC-10 and plasma sHLA-G (p>0.05). However, the increased HLA-G+ DC-10, HLA-G MFI and plasma sHLA-G in patients with gastric cancer could be a diagnostic factor with the area under the ROC curve with 0.947 (pDC-10 could play, the increased DC-10 might play an important role in immune suppression for patients with gastric cancer, while more studies are necessary to illustrate the clinical relevance of DC-10 in cancer patients. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. HLA-G Haplotypes Are Differentially Associated with Asthmatic Features

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    Camille Ribeyre

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Human leukocyte antigen (HLA-G, a HLA class Ib molecule, interacts with receptors on lymphocytes such as T cells, B cells, and natural killer cells to influence immune responses. Unlike classical HLA molecules, HLA-G expression is not found on all somatic cells, but restricted to tissue sites, including human bronchial epithelium cells (HBEC. Individual variation in HLA-G expression is linked to its genetic polymorphism and has been associated with many pathological situations such as asthma, which is characterized by epithelium abnormalities and inflammatory cell activation. Studies reported both higher and equivalent soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G expression in different cohorts of asthmatic patients. In particular, we recently described impaired local expression of HLA-G and abnormal profiles for alternatively spliced isoforms in HBEC from asthmatic patients. sHLA-G dosage is challenging because of its many levels of polymorphism (dimerization, association with β2-microglobulin, and alternative splicing, thus many clinical studies focused on HLA-G single-nucleotide polymorphisms as predictive biomarkers, but few analyzed HLA-G haplotypes. Here, we aimed to characterize HLA-G haplotypes and describe their association with asthmatic clinical features and sHLA-G peripheral expression and to describe variations in transcription factor (TF binding sites and alternative splicing sites. HLA-G haplotypes were differentially distributed in 330 healthy and 580 asthmatic individuals. Furthermore, HLA-G haplotypes were associated with asthmatic clinical features showed. However, we did not confirm an association between sHLA-G and genetic, biological, or clinical parameters. HLA-G haplotypes were phylogenetically split into distinct groups, with each group displaying particular variations in TF binding or RNA splicing sites that could reflect differential HLA-G qualitative or quantitative expression, with tissue-dependent specificities. Our results, based on a

  3. Controlling the Immunological Crosstalk during Conception and Pregnancy: HLA-G in Reproduction

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    Lynge Nilsson, Line; Djurisic, Snezana; Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F.

    2014-01-01

    In several years after its discovery in the placenta, the human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib protein, HLA-G, was not given much attention, nor was it assigned great importance. As time has unraveled, HLA-G has proven to have distinctive functions and an unforeseen and possibly important role in reproduction. HLA-G is characterized mainly by its low polymorphism and restricted tissue distribution in non-pathological conditions. In fact, its expression pattern is primarily limited to extravillous cytotrophoblast cells at the maternal-fetal interface during pregnancy. Due to low polymorphism, almost the same protein is expressed by virtually all individuals. It is these unique features that make HLA-G differ from its highly polymorphic HLA class Ia counterparts, the HLA-A, -B, and -C molecules. Its function, seemingly diverse, is typically receptor-mediated, and involves interactions with a wide range of immune cells. As the expression of HLA-G primarily is limited to gestation, this has given rise to the hypothesis that HLA-G plays an important role in the immunological tolerance of the fetus by the mother. In keeping with this, it might not be surprising that polymorphisms in the HLA-G gene, and levels of HLA-G expression, have been linked to reproductive failure and pre-eclampsia. Based on recent studies, we speculate that HLA-G might be involved in mechanisms in reproductive immunology even before conception because HLA-G can be detected in the genital tract and in the blood of non-pregnant women, and is present in seminal fluid from men. In addition, HLA-G expression has been found in the pre-implanted embryo. Therefore, we propose that a combined contribution from the mother, the father, and the embryo/fetus is likely to be important. Furthermore, this review presents important aspects of HLA-G in relation to reproduction: from genetics to physiological effects, from pregnancy and pregnancy complications to a short discussion on future possible means of

  4. Polymorphism in the 5' upstream regulatory and 3' untranslated regions of the HLA-G gene in relation to soluble HLA-G and IL-10 expression

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    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F; Rizzo, Roberta; Melchiorri, Loredana

    2006-01-01

    -G mRNA isoform expression patterns have been associated with HLA-G polymorphism, especially with a 14-bp insertion deletion polymorphism in the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of the HLA-G gene. A significantly high level of interleukin-10 (IL-10) secretion is observed in homozygous +14/+14-bp HLA......-G peripheral blood mononuclear cells after lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. This study finds that polymorphism in the 5' upstream regulatory region (5'URR) of the HLA-G gene may also be implicated in differences in IL-10 secretion. However, this may also be due to linkage disequilibrium with the 14-bp...... polymorphism. A single-nucleotide polymorphism located -477 bp from the start site of exon 1 had a significant association with IL-10 concentrations but not after correction (p=0.011; pc=0.154). This polymorphism is located next to a heat shock element. Eighteen 5'-URR/3'-UTR HLA-G haplotypes were defined; one...

  5. Human HLA-G+ extravillous trophoblasts: Immune-activating cells that interact with decidual leukocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilburgs, Tamara; Crespo, Ângela C; van der Zwan, Anita; Rybalov, Basya; Raj, Towfique; Stranger, Barbara; Gardner, Lucy; Moffett, Ashley; Strominger, Jack L

    2015-06-09

    Invading human leukocyte antigen-G+ (HLA-G+) extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) are rare cells that are believed to play a key role in the prevention of a maternal immune attack on foreign fetal tissues. Here highly purified HLA-G+ EVT and HLA-G- villous trophoblasts (VT) were isolated. Culture on fibronectin that EVT encounter on invading the uterus increased HLA-G, EGF-Receptor-2, and LIF-Receptor expression on EVT, presumably representing a further differentiation state. Microarray and functional gene set enrichment analysis revealed a striking immune-activating potential for EVT that was absent in VT. Cocultures of HLA-G+ EVT with sample matched decidual natural killer cells (dNK), macrophages, and CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were established. Interaction of EVT with CD4+ T cells resulted in increased numbers of CD4+CD25(HI)FOXP3+CD45RA+ resting regulatory T cells (Treg) and increased the expression level of the Treg-specific transcription factor FOXP3 in these cells. However, EVT did not enhance cytokine secretion in dNK, whereas stimulation of dNK with mitogens or classical natural killer targets confirmed the distinct cytokine secretion profiles of dNK and peripheral blood NK cells (pNK). EVT are specialized cells involved in maternal-fetal tolerance, the properties of which are not imitated by HLA-G-expressing surrogate cell lines.

  6. HLA-G allelic variants are associated with differences in the HLA-G mRNA isoform profile and HLA-G mRNA levels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F; Hylenius, Sine; Rørbye, Christina

    2003-01-01

    HLA-G polymorphisms and the mRNA levels of the different alternatively spliced HLA-G isoforms in first trimester trophoblast cell populations is reported. Several alternatively spliced HLA-G mRNA isoforms, including a 14-bp polymorphism in the 3'UTR end (exon 8) of the HLA-G gene, are expressed......During pregnancy, the human extra-villous trophoblast in the contact zone between maternal and fetal tissue in the placenta does not express the classical MHC class I and II molecules. Instead, HLA-G and -C, and possibly HLA-E, are expressed. HLA-G may modulate the immunological relationship...... between mother and fetus in several ways. Finally, the expression of membrane-bound HLA-G and soluble HLA-G has been proposed to influence the outcome of pregnancy, and an aberrant HLA-G expression in pre-eclamptic placentas and spontaneous abortions has been reported. Here, an association between certain...

  7. New insights into HLA-G mediated tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodio, G; Sales de Albuquerque, R; Gregori, S

    2014-09-01

    Human Leukocyte Antigen G (HLA-G) is a nonclassical HLA class I molecule with well-characterized immunomodulatory activities. HLA-G was first described as a regulatory molecule that allows the fetus to elude the maternal immune response. In the last decade it has become evident that HLA-G is involved in modulating both innate and adaptive immune responses, in maintaining tolerance in autoimmune and inflammatory diseases and after transplantation, and in promoting immune escape in cancer and infectious diseases. HLA-G exerts its modulatory/regulatory functions directly by interacting with specific inhibitory receptors. The expression of HLA-G is finely tuned by genetic variations in the noncoding region of the locus. The recent discovery of dendritic cells-10 (DC-10) as naturally occurring HLA-G-expressing dendritic cells opens new perspectives in the identification of the molecular and cellular mechanisms underlying HLA-G-mediated tolerance. An overview on the HLA-G-mediated inhibition of innate and adaptive immune cells, on the genetic influence on HLA-G expression, and on HLA-G-expressing DC-10 is presented. Moreover, we discuss the central and critical role of DC-10 in the HLA-G-mediated tolerance. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  8. A Phenotypic Analysis of Regulatory T Cells and Uterine NK Cells from First Trimester Pregnancies and Associations with HLA-G.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djurisic, Snezana; Skibsted, Lillian; Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F

    2015-11-01

    The prevalence of regulatory T cells and NK cells expressing activation and HLA-G receptors, and the influence of in vivo sHLA-G and mHLAG on HLA-G receptors expressed by NK cells in the uterine compartment is unclear. KIR2DL4 and/or ILT2 expression on regulatory T cells and NK cells from the placental bed and peripheral blood in first trimester was assessed using flow cytometry. Expression of mHLA-G on trophoblast cells and sHLA-G in 'uterine' and peripheral blood was determined with ELISA and flow cytometry, and specific associations with expression levels of cognate receptors or activation markers on immune cells were determined. In the placental bed, CD45RA surface expression on Tregs was similar to peripheral Tregs in pregnant women, but T cells with lower CD4 and CD8 expression were accumulated. HLA-G receptor expression was increased on NK cells from 'uterine blood'. Soluble HLA-G was significantly increased in 'uterine blood' compared with peripheral blood, but no correlation was found between sHLA-G and mHLA-G in the uterine compartment. A correlation was found between sHLA-G and the fraction of KIR2DL4-positive NK cells in the uterine compartment, and a tendency was observed between mHLA-G and the fraction of ILT2-positive NK cells in the uterine compartment. The NK subset in the placental bed displays a unique phenotype that may be influenced by mHLA-G on trophoblast cells and locally accumulated sHLA-G in the uterus. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. Haplotypes of the HLA-G 3' Untranslated Region Respond to Endogenous Factors of HLA-G+ and HLA-G- Cell Lines Differentially.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Poras

    Full Text Available The immune checkpoint HLA-G prevents maternal rejection of the fetus and contributes in cancer invasion and acceptance of allografts. The 5' and 3' regulatory regions of the HLA-G gene are polymorphic and balancing selection probably maintains this variability. It is proposed that nucleotide variations may affect the level of HLA-G expression. To investigate this issue we aimed to analyze how haplotypes of the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR with highest worldwide frequencies, namely UTR-1, UTR-2, UTR-3, UTR-4, UTR-5, UTR-18 and UTR-7, impact the expression of a luciferase reporter gene in vitro. Experiments performed with the HLA-G positive cell lines JEG-3 (choricarcinoma and FON (melanoma, and with the HLA-G negative cell lines M8 (melanoma and U251MG (glioblastoma showed that the HLA-G 3'UTR polymorphism influences the response to endogenous cellular factors and may vary according to the cell type. UTR-5 and UTR-7 impact the activity of luciferase the most whereas UTR-2, UTR-3, UTR-4, and UTR-18 have intermediate impact, and UTR-1 has the lowest impact. These results corroborate the previous associations between amounts of plasma sHLA-G levels and 3'UTR haplotypes in healthy individuals and reinforce that 3'UTR typing may be a predictor of the genetic predisposition of an individual to express different levels of HLA-G.

  10. HLA-G Level on Monocytoid Dendritic Cells Correlates with Regulatory T Cell Foxp3 Expression in Liver Transplant Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castellaneta, Antonino; Mazariegos, George V; Nayyar, Navdeep; Zeevi, Adriana; Thomson, Angus W

    2011-01-01

    Background Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classical HLA class I molecule expressed as membrane-bound and soluble isoforms. Interaction of HLA-G with its receptor, immunoglobulin (Ig)-like transcript (ILT) 4 on dendritic cells (DC) down-regulates their T cell stimulatory ability. Methods We examined expression of HLA-G, ILT4, other immune regulatory molecules (inducible costimulator ligand and glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor-related receptor ligand), and the activation marker CMRF44 on circulating monocytoid (m) and plasmacytoid (p)DC by monoclonal antibody staining and flow cytometry. Three groups of stable liver transplant recipients,-operationally tolerant (TOL), prospective immunosuppressive drug weaning (PW) and maintenance immunosuppression (MI) were studied, together with healthy controls (HC). Serum HLA-G levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results In TOL patients, mDC but not pDC expressed higher HLA-G than in MI patients or HC. In TOL patients, the incidence of CD4+CD25hiCD127− regulatory T cells (Treg) and the intensity of Treg forkhead box p3 (Foxp3) expression were significantly higher than in the MI group. HLA-G expression on circulating mDC correlated significantly with that of Foxp3 in the TOL group. There was no correlation between immunosuppressive drug (tacrolimus) dose or trough level and HLA-G expression or Treg frequency or Foxp3 expression. The incidence of patients with circulating HLA-G levels >100ng/ml was highest in the TOL group, although statistical significance was not achieved. Conclusions Higher HLA-G expression on circulating mDC in TOL recipients compared with MI or HC, suggests a possible role of HLA-G in immune regulation possibly mediated by enhanced host Treg Foxp3 expression. PMID:21423069

  11. The potential of HLA-G-bearing extracellular vesicles as a future element in HLA-G immune biology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera eRebmann

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The HLA-G molecule is a member of the non-classical HLA class I family. Its surface expression is physiologically restricted to the maternal-fetal interface and to immune privileged adult tissues. Despite the restricted tissue expression, HLA-G is detectable in body fluids as secreted soluble molecules. A unique feature of HLA-G is the structural diversity as surface-expressed and as secreted molecules. Secreted HLA-G can be found in various body fluids either as free soluble HLA-G or as part of extracellular vesicles (EVs, which are composed of various antigens/ligands/receptors, bioactive lipids, cytokines, growth factors and genetic information such as mRNA and microRNA. Functionally, HLA-G and its secreted forms are considered to play a crucial role in the network of immune-regulatory tolerance mechanisms, preferentially interacting with the cognate inhibitory receptors LILRB1 and LILRB2. The HLA-G mediated tolerance is described in processes of pregnancy, inflammation, and cancer. However, almost all functional and clinical implications of HLA-G in vivo and in vitro have been established based on simple single ligand/receptor interactions at the cell surface, whereas HLA-G-bearing EVs were in minor research focus. Indeed, cytotrophoblast cells, mesenchymal stem cells and cancer cells were recently described to secrete HLA-G-bearing EVs, displaying immunosuppressive effects and modulating the tumor microenvironment. However, numerous functional and clinical open questions persist. Here, we (i introduce basic aspects of EVs biology, (ii summarize the functional knowledge, clinical implications and open questions of HLA-G-bearing EVs and (iii discuss HLA-G-bearing EVs as a future element in HLA-G biology.

  12. HLA-G genotype is associated with fetoplacental growth

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert

    2004-01-01

    The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is expressed by extravillous cytotrophoblast cells in the feto-maternal contact zone. Polymorphisms have been described in the HLA-G gene and have been linked with differences in HLA-G mRNA alternative splicing patterns and protein expression. Differences...... in the isoform profile or the degree of HLA-G expression may influence cytokine production and, thereby, placental and fetal growth. Associations between a 14 bp deletion polymorphism in the 3'UTR part of the HLA-G gene and birth weight in relation to gestational age and placental weight were studied in 47...... pregnancies complicated with preeclampsia and 87 with no preeclampsia. An HLA-G genotype homozygous for the presence of the 14 bp sequence polymorphism was significantly associated with increased birth weight in relation to gestational age (one-way analysis of variance; 2 degrees of freedom: p = 0...

  13. The role of HLA-G in parasitic diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabbagh, A; Sonon, P; Sadissou, I; Mendes-Junior, C T; Garcia, A; Donadi, E A; Courtin, D

    2018-01-25

    Little attention has been devoted to the role of HLA-G gene and molecule on parasitic disorders, and the available studies have focused on malaria, African and American trypanosomiasis, leishmaniosis, toxoplasmosis and echinococcosis. After reporting a brief description regarding the role of the cells of innate and adaptive immune system against parasites, we reviewed the major features of the HLA-G gene and molecule and the role of HLA-G on the major cells of immune system. Increased levels of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) have been observed in patients presenting toxoplasmosis and in the active phase of echinococcosis. In addition, increased sHLA-G has also been associated with increased susceptibility to malaria and increased susceptibility to develop human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). In contrast, decreased membrane-bound HLA-G has been reported in placenta of patients infected with Plasmodium falciparum and in heart and colon of patients presenting Chagas disease. The 3' untranslated region of the HLA-G gene has been the main focus of studies on malaria, HAT and Chagas disease, exhibiting distinct patterns of associations. Considering that HLA-G is an immune checkpoint molecule, inhibiting the activity of several cells of the immune system, the excessive neoexpression and the increased sHLA-G levels together with the decreased constitutive tissue expression of membrane-bound HLA-G may be detrimental to the host infected with parasite agents. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  14. Serum antibodies to human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-E, HLA-F and HLA-G in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) during disease flares: Clinical relevance of HLA-F autoantibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jucaud, V; Ravindranath, M H; Terasaki, P I; Morales-Buenrostro, L E; Hiepe, F; Rose, T; Biesen, R

    2016-03-01

    T lymphocyte hyperactivity and progressive inflammation in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients results in over-expression of human leucocyte antigen (HLA)-Ib on the surface of lymphocytes. These are shed into the circulation upon inflammation, and may augment production of antibodies promoting pathogenicity of the disease. The objective was to evaluate the association of HLA-Ib (HLA-E, HLA-F and HLA-G) antibodies to the disease activity of SLE. The immunoglobulin (Ig)G/IgM reactivity to HLA-Ib and β2m in the sera of 69 German, 29 Mexican female SLE patients and 17 German female controls was measured by multiplex Luminex(®)-based flow cytometry. The values were expressed as mean flourescence intensity (MFI). Only the German SLE cohort was analysed in relation to the clinical disease activity. In the controls, anti-HLA-G IgG predominated over other HLA-Ib antibodies, whereas SLE patients had a preponderance of anti-HLA-F IgG over the other HLA-Ib antibodies. The disease activity index, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)-2000, was reflected only in the levels of anti-HLA-F IgG. Anti-HLA-F IgG with MFI level of 500-1999 was associated with active SLE, whereas inactive SLE revealed higher MFI (>2000). When anti-HLA-F IgG were cross-reactive with other HLA-Ib alleles, their reactivity was reflected in the levels of anti-HLA-E and -G IgG. The prevalence of HLA-F-monospecific antibodies in SLE patients was also associated with the clinical disease activity. Anti-HLA-F IgG is possibly involved in the clearance of HLA-F shed from lymphocytes and inflamed tissues to lessen the disease's severity, and thus emerges as a beneficial immune biomarker. Therefore, anti-HLA-Ib IgG should be considered as a biomarker in standard SLE diagnostics. © 2015 British Society for Immunology.

  15. HLA-G polymorphisms in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, T V; Hylenius, S; Hoegh, A M

    2002-01-01

    not been conclusive. Furthermore, these antigens are not expressed in the placenta with the exception of HLA-C. However, HLA-G is expressed on especially invasive cytotrophoblasts and exists in both membrane and soluble forms. HLA-G may be involved in materno-fetal tolerance. Therefore, 61 RSA couples...

  16. Antigens HLA-G, sHLA- G and sHLA- class I in reproductive failure.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elzbieta Ronin-Walknowska

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available It can be supposed that relation between HLA-G polymorphism and sHLA-G protein expression are associated with successful embryo implantation and pregnancy maintenance. The aim of the study was the estimation specific differences in expression of sHLA-G and sHLA- class I antigens in women with reproductive failure in comparison with fertile women. The study sample enrolled 80 women, divided into 2 groups. The study group (B enrolled 60 women with reproductive failure including 20 women with 3 recurrent spontaneous abortions in the first trimester of pregnancy (RSA, 20 women with empty sac (ES and 20 women with 3 consecutive in-vitro fertilization failures (IVFf. The control group (C enrolled 20 fertile women with at least 2 children. Soluble HLA- class I antigens (sHLA-I and soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G were determined using ELISA test kits from IBio Vendor Labolatory Medicine, Inc. HLA-G allele found in individuals in our study were identified by comparing the obtained bp sequences of exon 2., 3. and 4. with bp sequences of HLA-G antigen published at the Nolan Research Institute website. The highest concentration of sHLA-I is noted among women with HLA-G 10401 allele which differed significantly for the mean sHLA-I concentration calculated for all the remaining alleles (p<0.0001. The most prevalent alleles were: HLA-G 10101, 10102 and 10108 with sHLA-I concentrations among women bearing those alleles significantly lower in comparison to the HLA-G 10401 carriers (p<0.001. Allele 10101 and 10102 was related to the lower significantly plasma sHLA-I concentrations than 10108 allele (p<0.02. Lowest mean sHLA-G values were observed in the IVFf group with significant difference from the remaining groups (p<0.05. To conclude, sHLA-G molecules is associated to certain HLA-G alleles and imply that sHLA-G levels are under genetic control. Low concentration sHLA-G seems to be prognostically important in IVF failure.

  17. HLA-G gene polymorphism segregation within CEPH reference families.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirszenbaum, M; Djoulah, S; Hors, J; Le Gall, I; de Oliveira, E B; Prost, S; Dausset, J; Carosella, E D

    1997-04-01

    HLA-G, a nonclassical HLA class I antigen, presents tissue-restricted expression on human trophoblasts and may play an important role in immune tolerance of mother-versus-fetus. In this work we have demonstrated extensive HLA-G genomic polymorphism within three CEPH reference families, by PCR-SSCP analysis and direct sequencing. Among six unrelated parents we assigned eight HLA-G alleles, seven of which are new. We observed the segregation of HLA-G alleles of heterozygous parents among their offspring that matched the segregation of the HLA class I haplotypes. Only one of the mutations observed was found to be nonsynonymous indicating low polymorphism of the HLA-G molecule.

  18. HLA-G DNA sequence variants and risk of perinatal HIV-1 transmission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shamsa Falah

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background HLA-G gene is a non-classical MHC class 1 molecule that is highly expressed in the trophoblast at the maternal-fetal interface. In an attempt to elucidate possible immunological mechanisms facilitating protection of infants born to human immunodeficiency virus type (HIV-1 infected mothers, we have been studying genetic variations in the coding and untranslated regions of HLA-G antigen between HIV-1-infected mothers and their infected or uninfected infants. This study investigated whether HLA-G DNA sequence variants are associated with perinatal HIV-1 transmission. Results Genomic DNA samples were obtained from a nested case-control study of 34 mother-child pairs co-enrolled in a cohort of the Perinatal AIDS Collaborative Transmission Study in New York. The samples were from two groups predominantly of African-American and Hispanic origin: In the first group, both mother and child were HIV-1-infected; in the second group, only the mother was infected while the child remained uninfected. Genotyping of HLA-G gene were performed on the extracted DNA from peripheral blood mononuclear cells using PCR based sequencing and restriction fragment-length polymorphism analyses. Among the studied HLA-G exons, dissimilarities in HLA-G DNA sequence variants between the HIV-1 non-transmitting mother child pairs were mostly observed in exon 8-3'-untranslated region at nucleotide positions T3742A, C3743T, G3777C (P = 0.001. Non-transmitting HIV-1 mother child pairs exhibited dissimilarities at nucleotide position C3743T allele with decreased risk of perinatal HIV-1 transmission, compared with HIV-1 transmitting mother-child pairs carrying this allele (odds ratio 0.02 [95% confidence interval 0.00–0.15] P = 0.00001. In addition, heterozygous dissimilarities at nucleotide positions C634G and 714 insT/G in the 5'-upstream regulatory region were observed between the mother child pairs of the HIV-1-non-transmitting group while homozygous

  19. [Expression of HLA-G protein in trophoblast cells].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan-qiu; Chen, Shi-ling; Xing, Fu-qi

    2005-12-01

    To investigate the expression of human leucocyte antigen protein G (HLA-G) in different trophoblast cells and different stages of pregnancy. The expression of HLA-G protein in normal placenta and trophoblasts of different trimesters was detected using immunohistochemical method (SP). HLA-G protein expression exhibited spatio-temporal changes, which located in the extravillous trophoblast (EVT) and was higher in the placenta of the first and second trimesters while lower in the third trimester (PHLA-G protein expression in different stages of pregnancy and different trophoblasts may be related to the controlled invasion of the trophoblast.

  20. HLA-G Molecules in Autoimmune Diseases and Infections

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, Roberta; Bortolotti, Daria; Bolzani, Silvia; Fainardi, Enrico

    2014-01-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G molecule, a non-classical HLA-Ib molecule, is less polymorphic when compared to classical HLA class I molecules. Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) was first detected on cytotrophoblast cells at the feto-maternal interface but its expression is prevalent during viral infections and several autoimmune diseases. HLA-G gene is characterized by polymorphisms at the 3′ un-translated region and 5′ upstream regulatory region that regulate its expression and are associated with autoimmune diseases and viral infection susceptibility, creating an unbalanced and pathologic environment. This review focuses on the role of HLA-G genetic polymorphisms, mRNA, and protein expression in autoimmune conditions and viral infections. PMID:25477881

  1. Transcriptional and Posttranscriptional Regulations of the HLA-G Gene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelli, Erick C.; Veiga-Castelli, Luciana C.; Yaghi, Layale; Donadi, Eduardo A.

    2014-01-01

    HLA-G has a relevant role in immune response regulation. The overall structure of the HLA-G coding region has been maintained during the evolution process, in which most of its variable sites are synonymous mutations or coincide with introns, preserving major functional HLA-G properties. The HLA-G promoter region is different from the classical class I promoters, mainly because (i) it lacks regulatory responsive elements for IFN-γ and NF-κB, (ii) the proximal promoter region (within 200 bases from the first translated ATG) does not mediate transactivation by the principal HLA class I transactivation mechanisms, and (iii) the presence of identified alternative regulatory elements (heat shock, progesterone and hypoxia-responsive elements) and unidentified responsive elements for IL-10, glucocorticoids, and other transcription factors is evident. At least three variable sites in the 3′ untranslated region have been studied that may influence HLA-G expression by modifying mRNA stability or microRNA binding sites, including the 14-base pair insertion/deletion, +3142C/G and +3187A/G polymorphisms. Other polymorphic sites have been described, but there are no functional studies on them. The HLA-G coding region polymorphisms might influence isoform production and at least two null alleles with premature stop codons have been described. We reviewed the structure of the HLA-G promoter region and its implication in transcriptional gene control, the structure of the HLA-G 3′UTR and the major actors of the posttranscriptional gene control, and, finally, the presence of regulatory elements in the coding region. PMID:24741620

  2. First trimester human endovascular trophoblast cells express both HLA-C and HLA-G.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pröll, J; Blaschitz, A; Hutter, H; Dohr, G

    1999-07-01

    In human pregnancies, trophoblasts, in contrast to placental connective tissue and the fetus itself, come into direct contact with the maternal allorecognizing system at special sites. Villous syncytiotrophoblasts washed around by maternal blood lack HLA class I proteins, whereas extravillous trophoblasts, which deeply invade maternal uterine tissues, express high amounts of HLA-G and also HLA-C, the latter to a lesser degree, however. A subpopulation of extravillous trophoblasts, the endovascular trophoblast, enters maternal spiral artery lumen and, like syncytiotrophoblast, comes into direct contact with maternal blood. Less is known about HLA class I distribution on this endovascular trophoblast subpopulation. A comparative immununohistochemical analysis was done on decidual cryo-sections containing trophoblast-invaded spiral arteries using different anti-HLA class I monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) and a peroxidase-labeled streptavidinbiotin detection system. MAbs W6/32 (anti-HLA-A, -B, -C, -G), HCA2 (anti-HLA-A, -G) G233 and 87G (both anti-HLA-G) resulted in strong positivity on endovascular trophoblasts. L31 (anti-HLA-C) and HC10 (anti-HLA-B, -C) revealed clear positivity, whereas TU149 (anti-HLA-B, -C, some -A) produced a heterogeneous staining pattern, faintly positive on some endovascular trophoblastic cells and negative on others. MAb LA45 (anti-HLA-A, -B) did not bind to any endovascular trophoblast, neither did BFL.1 (anti-HLA-G) nor 16G1 (anti-HLA-G, soluble). This study shows that trophoblastic cells belonging to the endovascular subpopulation express considerable amounts of HLA-G and slightly less HLA-C.

  3. A Phenotypic Analysis of Regulatory T Cells and Uterine NK Cells from First Trimester Pregnancies and Associations with HLA-G

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurisic, Snezana; Skibsted, Lillian; Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F

    2015-01-01

    and NK cells from the placental bed and peripheral blood in first trimester was assessed using flow cytometry. Expression of mHLA-G on trophoblast cells and sHLA-G in 'uterine' and peripheral blood was determined with ELISA and flow cytometry, and specific associations with expression levels of cognate......, and a tendency was observed between mHLA-G and the fraction of ILT2-positive NK cells in the uterine compartment. CONCLUSION: The NK subset in the placental bed displays a unique phenotype that may be influenced by mHLA-G on trophoblast cells and locally accumulated sHLA-G in the uterus.......PROBLEM: The prevalence of regulatory T cells and NK cells expressing activation and HLA-G receptors, and the influence of in vivo sHLA-G and mHLAG on HLA-G receptors expressed by NK cells in the uterine compartment is unclear. METHOD OF STUDY: KIR2DL4 and/or ILT2 expression on regulatory T cells...

  4. Polymorphism of exon 3 of the HLA-G gene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, T V; Meldgaard, M; Sørensen, Steen

    1997-01-01

    HLA-G is a non-classical MHC class I gene with a limited tissue distribution. The most pronounced expression is detected in the cytotrophoblast of first trimester placenta. It is possible to detect mRNA for HLA-G in preimplantation blastocysts where expression is correlated with a high cleavage...... compared to the sequence of HLA-6.0 (G*01011); one of these has not been reported before. We also found a deletion of the first base of codon 130 or the third of codon 129 in a heterozygous individual. This study, together with previous results, suggests that the polymorphism of exon 3 of the HLA-G gene...... rate of embryos. HLA-G seems to play an important role in the feto-maternal relationship. The polymorphism of the HLA-G locus is not fully clarified. One study has shown extensive nucleotide sequence variation in the exon 3 (alpha-2 domain) in healthy African Americans. A few studies in other...

  5. Relationships between blood lead, blood pressure, serum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Study examined the associations between blood – Pb, serum cholesterol, diastolic and, systolic blood pressures, hematocrit, body weight, age and body mass index in 528 study subjects comprising 50% cigarette smoking and 50% non-smoking male residents of Abeokuta, Nigeria, aged from 15 to 80 years. Blood Pb was ...

  6. The Immunosignature of Mother/Fetus Couples in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Role of HLA-G 14 bp ins/del and PAPP-A A/C Polymorphisms in the Uterine Inflammatory Milieu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miryam Martinetti

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available We enrolled 151 healthy mother/newborn couples and 26 with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM. HLA-G and PAPP-A plasma levels were measured by ELISA at first and second trimesters, at delivery, and in cord blood. HLA-G 14 bp ins/del and PAPP-A A/C polymorphisms were genotyped. HLA-G del/del and PAPP-A C/C genotypes were more frequent among GDM mothers than controls. We observed a genetic epistasis between the two polymorphisms: the HLA-G del/del and PAPP-A C/C combination was carried by 8% of GDM mothers and 1.3% of controls (OR = 9.5, 95% CI = 0.8–109, p=0.07. GDM mothers showed increased sHLA-G levels compared to controls (p=0.004, and those carrying the HLA-G del/del genotype produced more sHLA-G at the second trimester and at delivery (p=0.014. A genetic pressure by fetal genotype on maternal sHLA-G production was observed in GDM mothers with heterozygous HLA-G del/ins newborns (p=0.02. Babies born to GDM mothers showed higher sHLA-G concentrations compared to those born to healthy mothers, and those carrying HLA-G del/del showed the highest sHLA-G levels (p=0.013. PAPP-A amounts significantly increased along pregnancy (p<0.001, but the median levels at the first and second trimesters were significantly lower in GDM (p=0.03. Our findings first suggest an involvement of HLA-G and PAPP-A gene-protein interaction in GDM and highlight a possible contribution of the fetus in balancing maternal inflammation.

  7. HLA-G polymorphisms in couples with recurrent spontaneous abortions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, T V; Hylenius, S; Hoegh, A M

    2002-01-01

    % of the RSA women carried the HLA-G*0106 allele compared to 2% of the control women. The 14 bp deletion polymorphism in exon 8 was investigated separately. There were a greater number of heterozygotes for the 14 bp polymorphism in the group of fertile control women than expected, according to Hardy-Weinberg...

  8. Polymorphism of exon 3 of the HLA-G gene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, T V; Meldgaard, Michael; Sørensen, S

    1997-01-01

    rate of embryos. HLA-G seems to play an important role in the feto-maternal relationship. The polymorphism of the HLA-G locus is not fully clarified. One study has shown extensive nucleotide sequence variation in the exon 3 (alpha-2 domain) in healthy African Americans. A few studies in other...... populations have only revealed a limited polymorphism. We investigated the polymorphism of the exon 3 of HLA-G by means of Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)-Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP)- and DNA sequencing analysis in a Danish population. We detected four single-base substitutions in exon 3...... compared to the sequence of HLA-6.0 (G*01011); one of these has not been reported before. We also found a deletion of the first base of codon 130 or the third of codon 129 in a heterozygous individual. This study, together with previous results, suggests that the polymorphism of exon 3 of the HLA-G gene...

  9. Expression and differential regulation of HLA-G isoforms in the retinal pigment epithelial cell line, ARPE-19

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Signe Goul; Udsen, Maja Søberg; Daouya, Marina

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine if HLA-G is expressed in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells of the eye. The RPE comprises the outer most layer of the retina and as such defines the interface to the blood and contributes to the immune privilege in the posterior part of the eye. One...... part of the eye, but further experiments on primary RPE cells are needed.......-G is expressed by ARPE-19 cells and is upregulated as a response to pro-inflammatory cytokines. Moreover, we are the first to describe a differential regulation of the HLA-G isoforms as a direct response to stimulation. These results might indicate that HLA-G can be part of the immune privilege of the posterior...

  10. Soluble monomers, dimers and HLA-G-expressing extracellular vesicles: the three dimensions of structural complexity to use HLA-G as a clinical biomarker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nardi, F da Silva; König, L; Wagner, B; Giebel, B; Santos Manvailer, L F; Rebmann, V

    2016-09-01

    The HLA-G molecule belongs to the family of nonclassical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I. At variance to classical HLA class I, HLA-G displays (i) a low number of nucleotide variations within the coding region, (ii) a high structural diversity, (iii) a restricted peptide repertoire, (iv) a limited tissue distribution and (v) strong immune-suppressive properties. The physiological HLA-G surface expression is restricted to the maternal-fetal interface and to immune-privileged adult tissues. Soluble forms of HLA-G (sHLA-G) are detectable in various body fluids. Cellular activation and pathological processes are associated with an aberrant or a neo-expression of HLA-G/sHLA-G. Functionally, HLA-G and its secreted forms are considered to be key players in the induction of short- and long-term tolerance. Thus, its unique expression profile and tolerance-inducing functions render HLA-G/sHLA-G an attractive biomarker to monitor the systemic health/disease status and disease activity/progression for clinical approaches in disease management and treatments. Here, we place emphasis on (i) the current status of the tolerance-inducing functions by HLA-G/sHLA-G, (ii) the current complexity to implement this molecule as a meaningful clinical biomarker regarding the three dimensions of structural diversity (monomers, dimers and HLA-G-expressing extracellular vesicles) with its functional implications, and (iii) novel and future approaches to detect and quantify sHLA-G structures and functions. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  11. HLA-G as a Tolerogenic Molecule in Transplantation and Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva Nardi, Fabiola; Wagner, Bettina; Horn, Peter A.

    2014-01-01

    HLA-G is a nonclassical HLA class I molecule. In allogeneic situations such as pregnancy or allograft transplantation, the expression of HLA-G has been related to a better acceptance of the fetus or the allograft. Thus, it seems that HLA-G is crucially involved in mechanisms shaping an allogeneic immune response into tolerance. In this contribution we focus on (i) how HLA-G is involved in transplantation and human reproduction, (ii) how HLA-G is regulated by genetic and microenvironmental factors, and (iii) how HLA-G can offer novel perspectives with respect to therapy. PMID:25143957

  12. Recipient HLA-G +3142 CC Genotype and Concentrations of Soluble HLA-G Impact on Occurrence of CMV Infection after Living-Donor Kidney Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guberina, Hana; Tomoya Michita, Rafael; Dolff, Sebastian; Bienholz, Anja; Trilling, Mirko; Heinemann, Falko M; Horn, Peter A; Kribben, Andreas; Witzke, Oliver; Rebmann, Vera

    2017-11-05

    The expression modulation of the immunosuppressive non-classical Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) molecule and its soluble isoforms is an immune evasion strategy being deployed by cytomegalovirus (CMV). The +3142 C>G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) located within the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) is of crucial importance for the regulation of HLA-G expression. Therefore, we analyzed the influence of the +3142 C>G HLA-G SNP on the occurrence of CMV infection in a cohort of 178 living-donor kidney recipients and their 178 corresponding donors. In addition, soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels were quantified before and after transplantation. The presence of the HLA-G +3142 CC genotype in recipients, but not donors of our cohort as along with elevated sHLA-G levels (≥ 6.1 ng/mL) were associated with higher susceptibility to CMV infection after transplantation. Our results provided evidence that i) HLA-G is implicated in the establishment of CMV after living-donor kidney transplantation and ii) recipient HLA-G +3142 CC genotype and sHLA-G concentration levels could represent important predictive risk markers for CMV infection.

  13. Recipient HLA-G +3142 CC Genotype and Concentrations of Soluble HLA-G Impact on Occurrence of CMV Infection after Living-Donor Kidney Transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Guberina

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The expression modulation of the immunosuppressive non-classical Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G molecule and its soluble isoforms is an immune evasion strategy being deployed by cytomegalovirus (CMV. The +3142 C>G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP located within the 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR is of crucial importance for the regulation of HLA-G expression. Therefore, we analyzed the influence of the +3142 C>G HLA-G SNP on the occurrence of CMV infection in a cohort of 178 living-donor kidney recipients and their 178 corresponding donors. In addition, soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G levels were quantified before and after transplantation. The presence of the HLA-G +3142 CC genotype in recipients, but not donors of our cohort as along with elevated sHLA-G levels (≥ 6.1 ng/mL were associated with higher susceptibility to CMV infection after transplantation. Our results provided evidence that i HLA-G is implicated in the establishment of CMV after living-donor kidney transplantation and ii recipient HLA-G +3142 CC genotype and sHLA-G concentration levels could represent important predictive risk markers for CMV infection.

  14. HLA-G expressing DC-10 and CD4(+) T cells accumulate in human decidua during pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodio, Giada; Mugione, Alessandra; Sanchez, Ana Maria; Viganò, Paola; Candiani, Massimo; Somigliana, Edgardo; Roncarolo, Maria Grazia; Panina-Bordignon, Paola; Gregori, Silvia

    2013-04-01

    Multiple mechanisms underlie the surprising willingness of mothers to tolerate the semi-allogeneic fetal tissues during pregnancy. Chief among these is the expression of the HLA-G molecules that has been largely demonstrated to be responsible for reprogramming the local maternal immune response towards tolerance. We recently identified a subset of tolerogenic dendritic cells, DC-10 that secrete high amounts of IL-10 and express high levels of HLA-G and its ligand ILT4. DC-10 are present in the peripheral blood and are essential in inducing adaptive regulatory T cells. We investigated the presence of DC-10 and HLA-G-expressing CD4(+) T cells in human decidua in the first trimester of pregnancy. Results showed that these cells are highly represented in human decidua as compared to the peripheral blood. This is the first report describing decidual DC-10 and CD4(+)HLA-G(+) T cells, strongly suggesting that they may accumulate or be induced at the fetal maternal interface to promote tolerance. Copyright © 2012 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. HLA-G expressing DC-10 and CD4+ T cells accumulate in human decidua during pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodio, Giada; Mugione, Alessandra; Sanchez, Ana Maria; Viganò, Paola; Candiani, Massimo; Somigliana, Edgardo; Roncarolo, Maria Grazia; Panina-Bordignon, Paola; Gregori, Silvia

    2013-01-01

    Multiple mechanisms underlie the surprising willingness of mothers to tolerate the semi-allogeneic fetal tissues during pregnancy. Chief among these is the expression of the HLA-G molecules that has been largely demonstrated to be responsible for reprogramming the local maternal immune response towards tolerance. We recently identified a subset of tolerogenic dendritic cells, DC-10 that secrete high amounts of IL-10 and express high levels of HLA-G and its ligand ILT4. DC-10 are present in the peripheral blood and are essential in inducing adaptive regulatory T cells. We investigated the presence of DC-10 and HLA-G-expressing CD4+ T cells in human decidua in the first trimester of pregnancy. Results showed that these cells are highly represented in human decidua as compared to the peripheral blood. This is the first report describing decidual DC-10 and CD4+HLA-G+ T cells, strongly suggesting that they may accumulate or be induced at the fetal maternal interface to promote tolerance. PMID:23238214

  16. Relationships between blood lead, blood pressure, serum

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Gatsing

    also associated significantly with serum cholesterol for non-smokers (r = + 0.114) and body mass index for non–smoker (r = + 0.110) at p≤0.10. Systolic blood .... that they were lead free. Consequently, each material was rinsed with 5 ml ..... for subjects from some cities in southwest. Nigeria (Adeniyi and Anetor, 1999). The.

  17. HLA-G, immunocompetent cells and pregnancy outcome : a case of modulation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emmer, Peter Martin

    2003-01-01

    In this thesis we address the immunomodulatory role of human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G). The placental trophoblast cells express HLA-G as membrane bound and soluble form (due to alternative splicing) at the fetomaternal interface. HLA-G putatively interacts with the maternal endometrial (decidual)

  18. Study of the structure and impact of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G-A, HLA-G-B, and HLA-G-DRB1 haplotypes in families with recurrent miscarriage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolte, Astrid M; Steffensen, Rudi; Nielsen, Henriette S

    2010-01-01

    A 14-base pair (bp) long insertion (ins)/deletion (del) polymorphism in exon 8 in the 3'-untranslated region of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G gene is suggested to affect transcription of the gene. Carriage of the G14bp ins is associated with low levels of soluble HLA-G and increases the risk...... increased in probands with RM (p = 0.05). The increased compatibility between probands and their mothers for maternal G14 ins positive haplotypes suggests that maternal-fetal compatibility for chromosomal segments adjacent to HLA-G locus is a risk factor for female offspring to experience RM in their later...... reproductive life....

  19. Analysis of HLA-G gene polymorphisms in Slovak women with pre-eclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durmanova, V; Drobny, J; Shawkatova, I; Dlhopolcek, J; Bucova, M

    2017-01-01

    To identify possible association between the selected HLA-G gene polymorphisms and risk of pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is a serious multisystem disorder that affects women during pregnancy. Despite many research studies, the pathology of pre-eclampsia is not fully understood. Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) belongs to the molecules that induce fetal acceptance by the maternal immune system. HLA-G expression was found to be impaired in the women suffering from pre-eclampsia suggesting its involvement in the development of pre-eclampsia. 123 women with pre-eclampsia and 102 women with normotensive pregnancy were included in the study. HLA-G gene polymorphisms affecting its expression was determined, namely the HLA-G 14 bp insertion/deletion polymorphism in the 3'UTR and HLA-G 1597ΔC polymorphism tagging the HLA-G*01:05N null allele. Genotyping was performed by PCR and PCR-RFLP. No statistically significant differences in either allele or genotype frequencies between pre-eclampsia cases and control group have been observed (p > 0.05). Genetic predisposition of HLA-G to pre-eclampsia in Slovak women was examined for the first time. No association between analysed HLA-G gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to pre-eclampsia was observed. Further investigations are needed to determine the role of immunosuppressive molecule HLA-G in pre-eclampsia development (Tab. 5, Fig. 2, Ref. 37).

  20. Establishment of optimized ELISA system specific for HLA-G in body fluids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ouji-Sageshima, N; Geraghty, D E; Ishitani, A; Hatake, K; Ito, T

    2016-12-01

    Recently, human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) has been a focus in the field of reproductive immunology, tumor progression and transplantation, because of its inhibitory function as ligand to the inhibitory receptors leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors (LILR) B1 and LILRB2. The HLA-G is expressed in distinct mRNA isoforms, one of which encodes a soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) protein, detectable by sandwich ELISA. Therefore, sHLA-G ELISAs have been used as a noninvasive diagnosis system. While a number of sHLA-G-specific ELISAs have been described, our prior studies showed that data obtained by the conventional ELISA system detecting sHLA-G in body fluids was not consistent with the data obtained from immunoprecipitation (IP)/immunoblotting (IB). Therefore, we established an optimized ELISA system described in this report, which yields results consistent with IP/IB analysis. Using this system, we determined sHLA-G protein in amniotic fluids, and found that sHLA-G levels at preterm (∼36 weeks) were clearly higher than those at term (37-41 weeks). These data and supporting experiments showed that the ELISA system we established can be an useful tools for the detection of sHLA-G protein in body fluids than the conventional ELISA system. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  1. Soluble HLA-G promotes Th1-type cytokine production by cytokine-activated uterine and peripheral natural killer cells.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meer, A. van der; Lukassen, H.G.M.; Cranenbroek, B. van; Weiss, E.H.; Braat, D.D.M.; Lierop, M.J.C. van; Joosten, I.

    2007-01-01

    Soluble forms of HLA-G (sHLA-G) have been implicated in immune regulation. Fetal trophoblast cells are a prime source of HLA-G. Hence, an interaction between sHLA-G and uterine lymphocytes in the decidual tissues can easily be envisaged. These lymphocytes, when properly activated, are implicated in

  2. The soluble pool of HLA-G produced by human trophoblasts does not include detectable levels of the intron 4-containing HLA-G5 and HLA-G6 isoforms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaschitz, A; Juch, H; Volz, A; Hutter, H; Daxboeck, C; Desoye, G; Dohr, G

    2005-10-01

    In the context of implantation and pregnancy, several immunomodulating functions have been attributed to the different HLA-G isoforms. Increasing attention is now being addressed to the actively secreted soluble forms, because they might have a systemic function or could be useful as diagnostic tools. However, the cellular source of secretion, even during pregnancy, where HLA-G expression level is known to be highest, is still under debate. To elucidate the conflicting results, we investigated the isoform distribution in human first trimester and term placentas in situ and in vitro. Results obtained by applying immunohistochemistry, western blot, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and RT-PCR show that (1) all of the alpha1 domain-containing HLA-G isoforms are restrictedly expressed in the extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVCTs) and very few first-trimester syncytiotrophoblasts, which directly cover cell columns, whereas mesenchymal cells of the villous chorion do not express HLA-G; (2) as demonstrated in western blots, trophoblasts express only the HLA-G1 isoform; (3) HLA-G5 and -G6 transcripts could be detected in human term placenta and isolated first-trimester trophoblasts but levels are extremely low; and (4) conditioned media of primary first-trimester trophoblasts, and the chorion laeve-derived trophoblastic cell line AC1-M59 do contain HLA-G1 fragments shed from the cell surface. Our data provide substantial evidence that none of the intron 4-containing isoforms, the so-called actively secreted, soluble HLA-G5 or -G6, are produced by human trophoblasts in situ or in vitro.

  3. Non-classical transcriptional regulation of HLA-G: an update

    OpenAIRE

    Moreau, Philippe; Flajollet, S?bastien; Edgardo D Carosella

    2009-01-01

    Human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) plays a key role in maternal?foetal tolerance and allotransplantation acceptance and is also implicated in tumour escape from the immune system. The modulation of HLA-G expression can prove to be very important to therapeutic goals in some pregnancy complications, transplantation, cancer and possibly autoimmune diseases. In spite of substantial similarities with classical HLA-class I genes, HLA-G is characterized by a restricted tissue-specific expression in ...

  4. HLA-G expression and role in advanced-stage classical Hodgkin lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Caocci

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Non-classical human leucocyte antigen (HLA-G class I molecules have an important role in tumor immune escape mechanisms. We investigated HLA-G expression in lymphonode biopsies taken from 8 controls and 20 patients with advanced-stage classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL, in relationship to clinical outcomes and the HLA-G 14-basepair (14-bp deletion-insertion (del-ins polymorphism. Lymphnode tissue sections were stained using a specific murine monoclonal HLA-G antibody. HLA-G protein expression was higher in cHL patients than controls. In the group of PET-2 positive (positron emission tomography carried out after 2 cycles of standard chemotherapy patients with a 2-year progression-free survival rate (PFS of 40%, we observed high HLA-G protein expression within the tumor microenvironment with low expression on Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS cells. Conversely, PET-2 negative patients with a PFS of 86% had higher HLA-G protein expression levels on HRS cells compared to the microenvironment. Lower expression on HRS cells was significantly associated with the HLA-G 14-bp ins/ins genotype. These preliminary data suggest that the immunohistochemical pattern of HLA-G protein expression may represent a useful tool for a tailored therapy in patients with cHL, based on the modulation of HLA-G expression in relation to achievement of negative PET-2.These preliminary data suggest that the immunohistochemical pattern of HLA-G protein expression may represent a useful tool for a tailored therapy in patients with cHL, based on the modulation of HLA-G expression in relation to achievement of negative PET-2.

  5. Association between HLA-G genotype and risk of pre-eclampsia: a case-control study using family triads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hylenius, Sine; Andersen, Anne-Marie Nybo; Melbye, Mads

    2004-01-01

    Pre-eclampsia affects 2-7% of all pregnancies with varying severity and is a leading cause of maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. The aetiology involves almost certainly a combination of genetic predisposition with maternal and fetal contributions and environmental factors. Research points...... towards pathologies in the placenta as the triggering factor which leads to systemic endothelial dysfunction in the mother, probably as the result of interaction with released placental factors circulating in the maternal blood. One prominent hypothesis regarding the aetiology of pre-eclampsia suggests......RNA splicing. The results may also indicate that combined mother-child HLA-G genotypes could influence the risk of developing pre-eclampsia. Overall, the study suggests that HLA-G genotypes and expression might have a significant influence on development of pre-eclampsia....

  6. Polymorphic sites at the 3' untranslated region of the HLA-G gene are associated with differential hla-g soluble levels in the Brazilian and French population

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Martelli-Palomino, Gustavo; Pancotto, Joao A; Muniz, Yara C; Mendes-Junior, Celso T; Castelli, Erick C; Massaro, Juliana D; Krawice-Radanne, Irene; Poras, Isabelle; Rebmann, Vera; Carosella, Edgardo D; Rouas-Freiss, Nathalie; Moreau, Philippe; Donadi, Eduardo A

    2013-01-01

    HLA-G molecule has well-recognized tolerogenic properties, and the encoding gene shows lower frequency of polymorphism at the coding region but higher variability at regulatory 5' and 3' untranslated (3'UTR) regions...

  7. Role of HLA-G1 in trophoblast cell proliferation, adhesion and invasion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, Feng, E-mail: jiangfeng1161@163.com [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, 569 Xinsi Road, Baqiao District, Xi' an 710038 (China); Zhao, Hongxi [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, 569 Xinsi Road, Baqiao District, Xi' an 710038 (China); Wang, Li [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100853 (China); Guo, Xinyu [Assisted Reproductive Center, General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command, Guangzhou 510010 (China); Wang, Xiaohong; Yin, Guowu [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, 569 Xinsi Road, Baqiao District, Xi' an 710038 (China); Hu, Yunsheng [Department of Orthopedics, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710038 (China); Li, Yi [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Tangdu Hospital, The Fourth Military Medical University, 569 Xinsi Road, Baqiao District, Xi' an 710038 (China); Yao, Yuanqing, E-mail: yuanqingyaoxa@163.com [Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, The Chinese PLA General Hospital, 28 Fuxing Road, Haidian District, Beijing 100853 (China)

    2015-02-27

    Trophoblast cells are important in embryo implantation and fetomaternal tolerance. HLA-G is specifically expressed at the maternal–fetal interface and is a regulator in pregnancy. The aim of the present study was to detect the effect of HLA-G1 on trophoblast cell proliferation, adhesion, and invasion. Human trophoblast cell lines (JAR and HTR-8/SVneo cells) were infected with HLA-G1-expressing lentivirus. After infection, HLA-G1 expression of the cells was detected by western blotting. Cell proliferation was detected by the BrdU assay. The cell cycle and apoptosis of JAR and HTR-8/SVneo cells was measured by flow cytometry (FCM). The invasion of the cells under different conditions was detected by the transwell invasion chamber assay. HLA-G1 didn't show any significant influence on the proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and invasion of trophocytes in normal culture conditions. However, HLA-G1 inhibited JAR and HTR-8/SVneo cells invasion induced by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) under normal oxygen conditions. In conditions of hypoxia, HLA-G1 couldn't inhibit the induction of cell invasion by HGF. HLA-G1 is not an independent factor for regulating the trophocytes. It may play an indirect role in embryo implantation and formation of the placenta. - Highlights: • HLA-G1 could not influence trophocytes under normal conditions. • HLA-G1 inhibited cell invasion induced by HGF under normal oxygen condition. • HLA-G1 could not influence cell invasion under hypoxia conditions.

  8. HLA-G expression levels influence the tolerogenic activity of human DC-10.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amodio, Giada; Comi, Michela; Tomasoni, Daniela; Gianolini, Monica Emma; Rizzo, Roberta; LeMaoult, Joël; Roncarolo, Maria-Grazia; Gregori, Silvia

    2015-04-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classical HLA class I molecule with known immune-modulatory functions. Our group identified a subset of human dendritic cells, named DC-10, that induce adaptive interleukin-10-producing T regulatory type 1 (Tr1) cells via the interleukin-10-dependent HLA-G/ILT4 pathway. In this study we aimed at defining the role of HLA-G in DC-10-mediated Tr1 cell differentiation. We analyzed phenotype, functions, and genetic variations in the 3' untranslated region of the HLA-G locus of in vitro-differentiated DC-10 from 67 healthy donors. We showed that HLA-G expression on DC-10 is donor-dependent. Functional studies demonstrated that DC-10, independently of HLA-G expression, secrete interleukin-10 and negligible levels of interleukin-12. Interestingly, DC-10 with high HLA-G promote allo-specific anergic T cells that contain a significantly higher frequency of Tr1 cells, defined as interleukin-10-producing (P=0.0121) or CD49b(+)LAG-3(+) (P=0.0031) T cells, compared to DC-10 with low HLA-G. We found that the HLA-G expression on DC-10 is genetically imprinted, being associated with specific variations in the 3' untranslated region of the gene, and it may be finely tuned by microRNA-mediated post-transcriptional regulation. These data highlight the important role of HLA-G in boosting DC-10 tolerogenic activity and confirm that interleukin-10 production by DC-10 is necessary but not sufficient to promote Tr1 cells at high frequency. These new insights into the role of HLA-G in DC-10-mediated induction of Tr1 cells provide additional information for clinical use in Tr1- or DC-10-based cell therapy approaches. Copyright© Ferrata Storti Foundation.

  9. Role of HLA-G1 in trophoblast cell proliferation, adhesion and invasion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Feng; Zhao, Hongxi; Wang, Li; Guo, Xinyu; Wang, Xiaohong; Yin, Guowu; Hu, Yunsheng; Li, Yi; Yao, Yuanqing

    2015-02-27

    Trophoblast cells are important in embryo implantation and fetomaternal tolerance. HLA-G is specifically expressed at the maternal-fetal interface and is a regulator in pregnancy. The aim of the present study was to detect the effect of HLA-G1 on trophoblast cell proliferation, adhesion, and invasion. Human trophoblast cell lines (JAR and HTR-8/SVneo cells) were infected with HLA-G1-expressing lentivirus. After infection, HLA-G1 expression of the cells was detected by western blotting. Cell proliferation was detected by the BrdU assay. The cell cycle and apoptosis of JAR and HTR-8/SVneo cells was measured by flow cytometry (FCM). The invasion of the cells under different conditions was detected by the transwell invasion chamber assay. HLA-G1 didn't show any significant influence on the proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and invasion of trophocytes in normal culture conditions. However, HLA-G1 inhibited JAR and HTR-8/SVneo cells invasion induced by hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) under normal oxygen conditions. In conditions of hypoxia, HLA-G1 couldn't inhibit the induction of cell invasion by HGF. HLA-G1 is not an independent factor for regulating the trophocytes. It may play an indirect role in embryo implantation and formation of the placenta. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Shift in expression of HLA-G mRNA spliceforms in pregnancies complicated by preeclampsia.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Emmer, P.M.; Joosten, I.; Schut, M.H.; Zusterzeel, P.L.M.; Hendriks, J.C.M.; Steegers, E.A.P.

    2004-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Despite emerging data on the in vitro modulatory effects of trophoblast-associated human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G), its in vivo function needs to be determined. Immunohistochemical studies show a decrease in protein expression of trophoblast HLA-G in preeclampsia. Such a decrease in

  11. Extraembryonic expression of the human MHC class I gene HLA-G in transgenic mice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmidt, C.M.; Ehlenfeldt, R.G.; Athanasiou, M.C.; Duvick, L.A.; Orr, H.T. (Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)); Hubert, H.

    1993-09-01

    Trophoblast, the only fetal tissue in direct contact with maternal cells, fails to express the polymorphic HLA class I molecules HLA-A and -B, but does express the nonpolymorphic class I molecule HLA-G. It is thought that HLA-G may provide some of the functions of a class I molecule without stimulating maternal immune rejection of the fetal semiallograft. As a first step in identifying the cis-acting DNA regulatory elements involved in the control of class I expression by extraembryonic tissue, several types of transgenic mice were produced. Two HLA-G genomic fragments were used, 5.7 and 6.0 kb in length. These include the entire HLA-G coding region, 1 kb of 3' flanking sequence, and 1.2 or 1.4 kb of 5' flanking sequence, respectively. A hybrid transgene, HLA-A2/G, was produced by replacing the 5' flanking sequence, first exon, and early first intron of HLA-G with the corresponding elements of HLA-A. Comparison of transgene mRNA expression patterns seen in HLA-A2/G and HLA-G transgenic mice suggests that 5' flanking sequences are largely responsible for the differing patterns of expression typical of the classical class I and HLA-G genes. Studies comparing the extraembryonic HLA-G expression levels of founder embryos transgenic for either the 5.7 - or 6.0-kb HLA-G transgene showed that the 6.0-kb transgene directed HLA-G expression far more efficiently than did the 5.7-kb HLA-G transgene, producing extraembryoinc HLA-G mRNA levels similar to those seen in human extraembryoinic tissues. The results of these studies suggest that the 250-bp fragment present at the extreme 5' end of the 6.0-kb HLA-G transgene and absent from the 5.7-kb HLA-G transgene contains an important positive regulatory element. This 250-bp fragment lies further upstream than any of the previously documented class I regulatory regions and may function as a locus control region.

  12. HLA-G in human reproduktion: aspects of genetics, function, and pregnancy complications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, TVF

    2006-01-01

    The non-classical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib genes, HLA-E, -G and -F, are located on chromosome 6 in the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC). HLA class Ib antigens resemble the HLA class Ia antigens in many ways, but several major differences have been described. This review...... will, in particular, discuss HLA-G and its role in human reproduction and in the human MHC. HLA-G seems to be important in the modulation of the maternal immune system during pregnancy and thereby the maternal acceptance of the semiallogenic fetus. Recent findings regarding aspects of HLA......-G polymorphism, the possible significance of this polymorphism in respect to HLA-G function and certain complications of pregnancy (such as pre-eclampsia and recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA)) are discussed together with possible importance to IVF. Finally, aspects of a possible role of HLA-G in organ...

  13. The importance of HLA-G expression in embryos, trophoblast cells, and embryonic stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, Roberta; Vercammen, Martine; van de Velde, Hilde; Horn, Peter A; Rebmann, Vera

    2011-02-01

    The nonclassical HLA-G molecule is a trophoblast-specific molecule present in almost every pregnancy. It differs from classical HLA class I molecules by the low degree of allelic variants and the high diversity of protein structures. HLA-G is reported to be a tolerogenic molecule that acts on cells of both innate and adaptive immunity. At the maternal-fetal interface HLA-G seems to be responsible largely for the reprogramming of local maternal immune response. This review will focus on the HLA-G gene expression profile in pregnancy, in preimplantation embryos, and in human embryonic stem cells with emphasis on the structural diversity of the HLA-G protein and its potential functional and diagnostic implications.

  14. Implications of the polymorphism of HLA-G on its function, regulation, evolution and disease association

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelli, Erick C.; Arnaiz-Villena, Antonio; Roger, Michel; Rey, Diego; Moreau, Philippe

    2010-01-01

    The HLA-G gene displays several peculiarities that are distinct from those of classical HLA class I genes. The unique structure of the HLA-G molecule permits a restricted peptide presentation and allows the modulation of the cells of the immune system. Although polymorphic sites may potentially influence all biological functions of HLA-G, those present at the promoter and 3′ untranslated regions have been particularly studied in experimental and pathological conditions. The relatively low polymorphism observed in the MHC-G coding region both in humans and apes may represent a strong selective pressure for invariance, whereas, in regulatory regions several lines of evidence support the role of balancing selection. Since HLA-G has immunomodulatory properties, the understanding of gene regulation and the role of polymorphic sites on gene function may permit an individualized approach for the future use of HLA-G for therapeutic purposes. PMID:21107637

  15. Distribution of HLA-G extended haplotypes and one HLA-E polymorphism in a large-scale study of mother-child dyads with and without severe preeclampsia and eclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsson, L L; Djurisic, S; Andersen, A-M N; Melbye, M; Bjerre, D; Ferrero-Miliani, L; Hackmon, R; Geraghty, D E; Hviid, T V F

    2016-10-01

    The etiological pathways and pathogenesis of preeclampsia have rendered difficult to disentangle. Accumulating evidence points toward a maladapted maternal immune system, which may involve aberrant placental expression of immunomodulatory human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib molecules during pregnancy. Several studies have shown aberrant or reduced expression of HLA-G in the placenta and in maternal blood in cases of preeclampsia compared with controls. Unlike classical HLA class Ia loci, the nonclassical HLA-G has limited polymorphic variants. Most nucleotide variations are clustered in the 5'-upstream regulatory region (5'URR) and 3'-untranslated regulatory region (3'UTR) of HLA-G and reflect a stringent expressional control. Based on genotyping and full gene sequencing of HLA-G in a large number of cases and controls (n > 900), the present study, which to our knowledge is the largest and most comprehensive performed, investigated the association between the HLA-G 14-bp ins/del (rs66554220) and HLA-E polymorphisms in mother and newborn dyads from pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia/eclampsia and from uncomplicated pregnancies. Furthermore, results from extended HLA-G haplotyping in the newborns are presented in order to assess whether a combined contribution of nucleotide variations spanning the 5'URR, coding region, and 3'UTR of HLA-G describes the genetic association with severe preeclampsia more closely. In contrast to earlier findings, the HLA-G 14-bp ins/del polymorphism was not associated with severe preeclampsia. Furthermore, the polymorphism (rs1264457) defining the two nonsynonymous HLA-E alleles, HLA-E*01:01:xx:xx and HLA-E*01:03:xx:xx, were not associated with severe preeclampsia. Finally, no specific HLA-G haplotypes were significantly associated with increased risk of developing severe preeclampsia/eclampsia. © 2016 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Allelic imbalance modulates surface expression of the tolerance-inducing HLA-G molecule on primary trophoblast cells

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Djurisic, S; Teiblum, S; Tolstrup, C K

    2015-01-01

    The HLA-G molecule is expressed on trophoblast cells at the feto-maternal interface, where it interacts with local immune cells, and upholds tolerance against the semi-allogeneic fetus. Aberrant HLA-G expression in the placenta and reduced soluble HLA-G levels are observed in pregnancy complicati......The HLA-G molecule is expressed on trophoblast cells at the feto-maternal interface, where it interacts with local immune cells, and upholds tolerance against the semi-allogeneic fetus. Aberrant HLA-G expression in the placenta and reduced soluble HLA-G levels are observed in pregnancy...

  17. Distribution of HLA-G extended haplotypes and one HLA-E polymorphism in a large-scale study of mother-child dyads with and without severe preeclampsia and eclampsia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, L. L.; Djurisic, S; Andersen, A.-M. N.

    2016-01-01

    The etiological pathways and pathogenesis of preeclampsia have rendered difficult to disentangle. Accumulating evidence points toward a maladapted maternal immune system, which may involve aberrant placental expression of immunomodulatory human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class Ib molecules during...... pregnancy. Several studies have shown aberrant or reduced expression of HLA-G in the placenta and in maternal blood in cases of preeclampsia compared with controls. Unlike classical HLA class Ia loci, the nonclassical HLA-G has limited polymorphic variants. Most nucleotide variations are clustered in the 5...... comprehensive performed, investigated the association between the HLA-G 14-bp ins/del (rs66554220) and HLA-E polymorphisms in mother and newborn dyads from pregnancies complicated by severe preeclampsia/eclampsia and from uncomplicated pregnancies. Furthermore, results from extended HLA-G haplotyping...

  18. HLA-G profile of infertile couples who underwent assisted reproduction treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Cynthia Hernandes; Gelmini, Georgia Fernanda; Nardi, Fabiola Silva; Roxo, Valéria Maria Munhoz Sperandio; Schuffner, Alessandro; da Graça Bicalho, Maria

    2016-12-01

    HLA-G codes for a non-classical class I (Ib) protein which is mainly expressed in trophoblast cells. Many pieces of evidence pointed out its essential role conferring immunological tolerance to the fetus. Some HLA-G alleles have been linked to enhanced or reduced HLA-G protein levels expression, which have been associated with reproductive failure. In this study 33 couples undergoing ART (assisted reproduction treatment; n=66) and 120 couples who conceived naturally (controls; n=240) were enrolled in the study. Genotyping was performed by SBT and tagged an 1837bp at 5'URR as well as exons 2, 3 and4 of HLA-G. Alleles, genotypes and haplotypes were compared between infertile and control groups using Fisher Exact Test. The haplotype HLA-G ∗ 010101b/HLA-G ∗ 01:01:01 showed statistically significant higher frequency in control groups. The immunogenetics of infertility is complex and might be dependent on different genes involved in the establishment of a successful pregnancy. A better understanding of HLA-G alleles and haplotypes structure and how the genetic diversity at their regulatory sites could impact on their level of expression and build up the susceptibility or protection conditions may shed light on the comprehension of immunogenetics mechanisms acting at the fetus-maternal interface. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Non-classical transcriptional regulation of HLA-G: an update.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreau, Philippe; Flajollet, Sébastien; Carosella, Edgardo D

    2009-09-01

    Human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) plays a key role in maternal-foetal tolerance and allotransplantation acceptance and is also implicated in tumour escape from the immune system. The modulation of HLA-G expression can prove to be very important to therapeutic goals in some pregnancy complications, transplantation, cancer and possibly autoimmune diseases. In spite of substantial similarities with classical HLA-class I genes, HLA-G is characterized by a restricted tissue-specific expression in non-pathological situations. HLA-G expression is mainly controlled at the transcriptional level by a unique gene promoter when compared with classical HLA-class I genes, and at the post-transcriptional level including alternative splicing, mRNA stability, translation and protein transport to the cell surface. We focus on the characteristics of the HLA-G gene promoter and the factors which are involved in HLA-G transcriptional modulation. They take part in epigenetic mechanisms that control key functions of the HLA-G gene in the regulation of immune tolerance.

  20. Pregnancy and breastfeeding: a new theory for sHLA-G in breast cancer patients?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zidi, Inès; Kharrat, Najla; Sebai, Refaat; Zidi, Nour; Ben Yahia, Hamza; Bouaziz, Aicha; Rifi, Hela; Mezlini, Amel; Rizzo, Roberta

    2016-04-01

    It is now widely recognized that HLA-G molecule is implicated in immune tolerance and particularly in immune subversion of tumor cells. In this study, we explored levels of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) in plasma samples obtained from women with breast cancer (BC). Additionally, we correlated sHLA-G concentration with pregnancy and breastfeeding history. We reported in this preliminary work significant differences in sHLA-G levels between BC patients with/without breastfeeding experience (p = 0.04). Interestingly, among women with BC, only those without previous pregnancy experience present significant increase in sHLA-G (p = 0.02). Of relevance, we demonstrated that patients without both pregnancy and breastfeeding history have advanced SBR III grade, associated with significant enhancement in tumor size compared with patients who had both experiences (p = 0.028). Taken together, our results indicate the potential implication of previous pregnancy and breastfeeding experience in sHLA-G expression during BC. We theorized that having pregnancy and breastfeeding history may protect against advanced BC stages.

  1. Immunohistochemical evidence of HLA-G expression in extravillous trophoblast invading decidual tissues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Prada

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available HLA-G is a non classical HLA I gene product involved in the regulation of implantation and in the immune tolerance during pregnancy, by modulating maternal immune responses at the fetal-maternal interface. In pregnancies lacking immune tolerance and ending in miscarriage, the expression of HLA-G is very probably defective or altered. In order to contribute to further investigations about HLA-G expression in autoimmune miscarriages, we have tried to describe HLA-G immunohistochemical patterns of expression in a homogeneous cohort of normal first trimester choriodecidual specimens, in the three different extravillous trophoblast (EVT populations ("cell islands", "cell columms", and intravascular EVT cells. We expected to demonstrate HLA-G reactivity to the tested antibody (MEMG/01 in all three populations. All choriodecidual specimens were histologically and clinically reviewed to exclude any pathologic finding. Immunohistochemical identification of trophoblast cells in the selected specimens was performed via wellknown immunostains such as Cytokeratin 8/18 (CAM5.2 and NCL-PLp; anti-Ki67 was also used to point out proliferating EVT cells. Then, MEM-G/01 was tested at various dilutions, with or without pretreatment, to find the optimal protocol. As expected, HLA-G specifically stained all three EVT populations, with decreasing reactivity from EVT cell islands to EVT cell columns or intravascular EVTs. The next step will be the investigation of HLA-G pattern of expression in autoimmune aborters.

  2. Hypermethylation of the HLA-G promoter is associated with preeclampsia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Yao; Liu, Haiyan; Li, Han; Peng, Ting; Gu, Weirong; Li, Xiaotian

    2015-09-01

    Preeclampsia (PE) is a severe pregnancy-induced disorder characterized by hypertension and proteinuria and a leading cause of perinatal maternal-fetal mortality and morbidity in developing countries. Dysregulated human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G was found in placentas as well as in maternal sera from PE patients; however, the reason for this difference is unknown. As accumulating evidence has confirmed that DNA methylation is an important mechanism for regulating gene expression, we sought to test the hypothesis that alteration in the DNA methylation of the HLA-G promoter region is responsible for decreased expression of HLA-G in PE. Bisulfite pyrosequencing showed that a series of CpG sites in the HLA-G promoter region were significantly more highly methylated in PE than in normal pregnancy (NP). Interestingly, the hypermethylated CpG sites were mostly reported to be binding sites of active transcription factors. To further investigate the regulation of HLA-G methylation, we also defined the expression patterns of DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs) in placental tissue using immunohistochemistry and quantitative polymerase chain reaction analyses. Here, we demonstrate that DNMT-1 is overexpressed and HLA-G expression is reduced in PE women when compared with NP. Furthermore, both treatment with the DNMT inhibitor 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine and specific knockdown of DNMT-1 using siRNAs can significantly increase the expression level of HLA-G in a trophoblastic cell line, indicating the potential mechanism of DNMT-1-mediated DNA methylation in HLA-G regulation. Taken together, our research confirms that DNMT-1-mediated promoter hypermethylation of HLA-G is associated with PE. These findings provide new insights into the diagnosis and treatment of PE. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  3. Study of the structure and impact of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G-A, HLA-G-B, and HLA-G-DRB1 haplotypes in families with recurrent miscarriage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolte, Astrid Marie; Steffensen, Rudi Nora; Nielsen, Henriette S

    2010-01-01

    A 14-base pair (bp) long insertion (ins)/deletion (del) polymorphism in exon 8 in the 3'-untranslated region of the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G gene is suggested to affect transcription of the gene. Carriage of the G14bp ins is associated with low levels of soluble HLA-G and increases the risk...... of recurrent miscarriage (RM). Due to existence of strong linkage disequilibrium (LD) in the HLA region, the primary susceptibility genes for RM in the HLA-G region have not yet been identified. HLA-A, -B, -DRB1, and -G14bp polymorphisms were investigated in 29 Caucasian families with two or more siblings...... suffering unexplained RM. Strong positive LD was detected between the G14bp ins and HLA-A*01, -A*11, -A*31, -B*08, and DRB1*03, whereas strong negative LD was found between G14bp ins and HLA-A*02, -A*03, and -A*24. The frequency of haplotypes with HLA-G14bp ins inherited from the mother was significantly...

  4. HLA-G expression levels influence the tolerogenic activity of human DC-10

    OpenAIRE

    Amodio, Giada; Comi, Michela; Tomasoni, Daniela; Gianolini, Monica Emma; Rizzo, Roberta; LeMaoult, Joël; Roncarolo, Maria-Grazia; Gregori, Silvia

    2015-01-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classical HLA class I molecule with known immune-modulatory functions. Our group identified a subset of human dendritic cells, named DC-10, that induce adaptive interleukin-10-producing T regulatory type 1 (Tr1) cells via the interleukin-10-dependent HLA-G/ILT4 pathway. In this study we aimed at defining the role of HLA-G in DC-10-mediated Tr1 cell differentiation. We analyzed phenotype, functions, and genetic variations in the 3′ untranslated region o...

  5. Blood glucose determination: plasma or serum?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Elizebeth A; Shubha, M C; D'Souza, Cletus J M

    2012-09-01

    Blood glucose determination is one of the most common clinical diagnostic tests. Often, blood is collected in a field station and analysis is carried out in a remote laboratory. Because blood cells can continue to metabolize glucose, the time of determination of blood glucose after drawing the blood is important. In order to test the relative suitability of plasma and serum for blood glucose determination, fluoride plasma and Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic acid (EDTA) plasma were compared with the serum of the same patient. The analyses were carried out within 10 min of drawing the blood and, thereafter, with a gap of 4 hr and 8 hr. Serum gave values lower than fluoride plasma by 1.15%. Although this difference was statistically significant, it may not be physiologically relevant. Hence, serum may be used for blood glucose determination with an error of 1.15%. On storing the sample at room temperature for 8 hr, the serum glucose value decreased by 8%. Even fluoride plasma had 4.3% lower glucose. Hence, blood glucose should be determined within as short a time as possible after drawing the blood. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  6. New evidence for balancing selection at the HLA-G locus in South Amerindians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Degani Veit

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available HLA-G is a non-classical HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen molecule characterized by limited tissue distribution under normal physiological conditions and low variability at both DNA and protein levels. Several studies suggest that HLA-G could play a role, as an immunoregulatory molecule, in situations as diverse as transplantation, cancer, viral infections and inflammatory diseases. A total of 237 individuals from 21 South American tribes speaking nine different linguistic families were studied in relation to the 14 bp insertion/deletion polymorphism at the HLA-G gene. A consistent (seven in nine excess of heterozygosity in samples classified by language was obtained. Our data supply evidences for balancing selection acting at the HLA-G 14 bp INDEL region. Enhanced fetal survival in a pathogen-rich environment may account for these findings.

  7. HLA-G: At the Interface of Maternal-Fetal Tolerance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Leonardo M R; Meissner, Torsten B; Tilburgs, Tamara; Strominger, Jack L

    2017-04-01

    During pregnancy, semiallogeneic fetal extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) invade the uterine mucosa without being rejected by the maternal immune system. Several mechanisms were initially proposed by Peter Medawar half a century ago to explain this apparent violation of the laws of transplantation. Then, three decades ago, an unusual human leukocyte antigen (HLA) molecule was identified: HLA-G. Uniquely expressed in EVT, HLA-G has since become the center of the present understanding of fetus-induced immune tolerance. Despite slow progress in the field, the last few years have seen an explosion in our knowledge of HLA-G biology. Here, we critically review new insights into the mechanisms controlling the expression and function of HLA-G at the maternal-fetal interface, and discuss their relevance for fetal tolerance. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  8. Human HLA-G+ extravillous trophoblasts: Immune-activating cells that interact with decidual leukocytes

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Tamara Tilburgs; Ângela C. Crespo; Anita van der Zwan; Basya Rybalov; Towfique Raj; Barbara Stranger; Lucy Gardner; Ashley Moffett; Jack L. Strominger

    2015-01-01

    Invading human leukocyte antigen-G+ (HLA-G+) extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) are rare cells that are believed to play a key role in the prevention of a maternal immune attack on foreign fetal tissues...

  9. Insights into HLA-G Genetics Provided by Worldwide Haplotype Diversity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castelli, Erick C.; Ramalho, Jaqueline; Porto, Iane O. P.; Lima, Thálitta H. A.; Felício, Leandro P.; Sabbagh, Audrey; Donadi, Eduardo A.; Mendes-Junior, Celso T.

    2014-01-01

    Human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) belongs to the family of non-classical HLA class I genes, located within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC). HLA-G has been the target of most recent research regarding the function of class I non-classical genes. The main features that distinguish HLA-G from classical class I genes are (a) limited protein variability, (b) alternative splicing generating several membrane bound and soluble isoforms, (c) short cytoplasmic tail, (d) modulation of immune response (immune tolerance), and (e) restricted expression to certain tissues. In the present work, we describe the HLA-G gene structure and address the HLA-G variability and haplotype diversity among several populations around the world, considering each of its major segments [promoter, coding, and 3′ untranslated region (UTR)]. For this purpose, we developed a pipeline to reevaluate the 1000Genomes data and recover miscalled or missing genotypes and haplotypes. It became clear that the overall structure of the HLA-G molecule has been maintained during the evolutionary process and that most of the variation sites found in the HLA-G coding region are either coding synonymous or intronic mutations. In addition, only a few frequent and divergent extended haplotypes are found when the promoter, coding, and 3′UTRs are evaluated together. The divergence is particularly evident for the regulatory regions. The population comparisons confirmed that most of the HLA-G variability has originated before human dispersion from Africa and that the allele and haplotype frequencies have probably been shaped by strong selective pressures. PMID:25339953

  10. Insights into HLA-G genetics provided by worldwide haplotype diversity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erick C Castelli

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Human Leucocyte Antigen G (HLA-G belongs to the family of nonclassical HLA class I genes, located within the major histocompatibility complex (MHC. HLA-G has been the target of most recent research regarding the function of class I nonclassical genes. The main features that distinguish HLA-G from classical class I genes are: a limited protein variability; b alternative splicing generating several membrane bound and soluble isoforms; c short cytoplasmic tail; d modulation of immune response (immune tolerance; e restricted expression to certain tissues. In the present work, we describe the HLA-G gene structure and address the HLA-G variability and haplotype diversity among several populations around the world, considering each of its major segments (promoter, coding and 3’untranslated regions. For this purpose, we developed a pipeline to reevaluate the 1000Genomes data and recover miscalled or missing genotypes and haplotypes. It became clear that the overall structure of the HLA-G molecule has been maintained during the evolutionary process and that most of the variation sites found in the HLA-G coding region are either coding synonymous or intronic mutations. In addition, only a few frequent and divergent extended haplotypes are found when the promoter, coding and 3’ untranslated regions are evaluated together. The divergence is particularly evident for the regulatory regions. The population comparisons confirmed that most of the HLA-G variability has originated before human dispersion from Africa and that the allele and haplotype frequencies have probably been shaped by strong selective pressures.

  11. HLA-G5 and G7 Isoforms in Pregnant Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abediankenari, Saeid; Farzad, Faramars; Rahmani, Zahra; Hashemi-Soteh, Mohammad Bagher

    2015-04-01

    Human leukocyte antigen-G which is an immune tolerance effecter molecule has an important role in the maintenance of fetus during pregnancy. Abortion is one of the complications of pregnancy period.  In this research, we have studied levels of HLA-G 5, HLA-G7 isoforms in the abortion-threatened pregnant women in comparison with controls. In a case-control study, 101 abortion-threatened women and 101 healthy pregnant women (healthy controls) with age range 21-32 years were studied. Gene expression of HLA-5 and HLA-7 isoforms was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction after mRNA extraction and cDNA synthesis. The results indicated that HLA-G5 was significantly lower in abortion-threatened women in comparison with the control group whereas HLA-G7 was not significantly differentbetween the 2 groups. HLA-G is a vital molecule during pregnancy that can be a key factor in prevention of abortion. It is concluded that determination of HLA-G5 can be of value in pregnancy.

  12. HLA-G regulatory haplotypes and implantation outcome in couples who underwent assisted reproduction treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Cynthia Hernandes; Gelmini, Georgia Fernanda; Wowk, Pryscilla Fanini; Mattar, Sibelle Botogosque; Vargas, Rafael Gustavo; Roxo, Valéria Maria Munhoz Sperandio; Schuffner, Alessandro; Bicalho, Maria da Graça

    2012-09-01

    The role of HLA-G in several clinical conditions related to reproduction has been investigated. Important polymorphisms have been found within the 5'URR and 3'UTR regions of the HLA-G promoter. The aim of the present study was to investigate 16 SNPs in the 5'URR and 14-bp insertion/deletion (ins/del) polymorphism located in the 3'UTR region of the HLA-G gene and its possible association with the implantation outcome in couples who underwent assisted reproduction treatments (ART). The case group was composed of 25 ART couples. Ninety-four couples with two or more term pregnancies composed the control group. Polymorphism haplotype frequencies of the HLA-G were determined for both groups. The Haplotype 5, Haplotype 8 and Haplotype 11 were absolute absence in ART couples. The HLA-G*01:01:02a, HLA-G*01:01:02b alleles and the 14-bp ins polymorphism, Haplotype 2, showed an increased frequency in case women and similar distribution between case and control men. However, this susceptibility haplotype is significantly presented in case women and in couple with failure implantation after treatment, which led us to suggest a maternal effect, associated with this haplotype, once their presence in women is related to a higher number of couples who underwent ART. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  13. Gene expression profiles of HLA-G1 overexpressed in hES cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yajing; Zhao, Sanjun; Zhao, Hongxi; Yao, Yuanqing

    2012-10-01

    The goals of this study were to analyze the change in the global gene expression profile of exogenous human leukocyte antigen-G1 (HLA-G1) overexpressed in human embryonic stem (hES) cells and to explore the molecular mechanism by which the overexpression of HLA-G1 modifies immunologic pathways. Microarray and quantitative real-time PCR analyses were performed to quantify the differential expression pattern of HLA-G1 + H1 hES cells. The results showed that HLA-G1 differentially regulated the expression of 425 genes with at least a twofold increase or decrease. These differentially expressed genes were classified into 13 functional groups, including cellular components, biological processes, and molecular functions. The pathways of focal adhesion, the TGF-β signaling pathway, and the immune response were the most predominantly affected. The synergism of these genes could explain the mechanism of the immunosuppression of HLA-G1 + H1 hES cells. Thus, the expression pattern reflected a broad spectrum of roles of HLA-G1 in hES cells.

  14. Evaluation of gene delivery strategies to efficiently overexpress functional HLA-G on human bone marrow stromal cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joana S Boura

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC constitutively express low levels of human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G, which has been shown to contribute to their immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory properties. Here, we hypothesized that overexpression of HLA-G on bone marrow-derived MSC would improve their immunomodulatory function, thus increasing their therapeutic potential. Therefore, we investigated which gene transfer system is best suited for delivering this molecule while maintaining its immunomodulatory effects. We performed a side-by-side comparison between three nonviral plasmid-based platforms (pmax-HLA-G1; MC-HLA-G1; pEP-HLA-G1 and a viral system (Lv-HLA-G1 using gene transfer parameters that yielded similar levels of HLA-G1-expressing MSC. Natural killer (NK cell–mediated lysis assays and T cell proliferation assays showed that MSC modified with the HLA-G1 expressing viral vector had significantly lower susceptibility to NK-lysis and significantly reduced T cell proliferation when compared to nonmodified cells or MSC modified with plasmid. We also show that, in plasmid-modified MSC, an increase in Toll-like receptor (TLR9 expression is the mechanism responsible for the abrogation of HLA-G1's immunomodulatory effect. Although MSC can be efficiently modified to overexpress HLA-G1 using viral and nonviral strategies, only viral-based delivery of HLA-G1 is suitable for improvement of MSC's immunomodulatory properties.

  15. HLA-G5 induces IL-4 secretion critical for successful pregnancy through differential expression of ILT2 receptor on decidual CD4⁺ T cells and macrophages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lombardelli, Letizia; Aguerre-Girr, Maryse; Logiodice, Federica; Kullolli, Ornela; Casart, Ysabel; Polgar, Beata; Berrebi, Alain; Romagnani, Sergio; Maggi, Enrico; Le Bouteiller, Philippe; Piccinni, Marie-Pierre

    2013-10-01

    Successful pregnancy in humans has been associated with production of IL-4 by T cells at the feto-maternal interface. Soluble HLA-G5 produced by trophoblasts potentially controls the decidual T cell cytokine profile. We studied the effect of HLA-G5 on the cytokine profile of purified human macrophages and Ag-specific T cells in vitro. We demonstrated that HLA-G5 increased production of IL-12 by purified peripheral blood macrophages. Although IL-12 production by macrophages is known to induce IFN-γ production by CD4(+) T cells, HLA-G5 increased production of IL-4 but not IFN-γ by CD4(+) T cells after Ag presentation by macrophages. We found that this apparent paradox was due to the differential expression of the ILT2 HLA-G5 receptor on activated T cells and macrophages. This receptor was upregulated in the former and downregulated in the latter after Ag presentation and activation of both cell types. This observation was confirmed in situ, where decidual macrophages and T cells are continuously exposed to HLA-G5 produced locally and activated by trophoblast alloantigens. Freshly isolated decidua basalis macrophages expressed lower levels of ILT2 than peripheral blood macrophages from the same pregnant women. They did not spontaneously produce IL-12, whereas freshly isolated decidual CD4(+) T cells expressed high levels of activation markers (CD25, HLA-DR, and CD69) as well as ILT2 and spontaneously produced IL-4 but not IFN-γ. Therefore, HLA-G5 could be responsible, at least in part, via its interaction with ILT2, for decidual T cell IL-4 production, known to be crucial for successful pregnancy.

  16. The HLA-G low expressor genotype is associated with protection against bipolar disorder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debnath, Monojit; Busson, Marc; Jamain, Stéphane; Etain, Bruno; Hamdani, Nora; Oliveira, José; Boukouaci, Wahid; Amokrane, Kahina; Moins-Teisserenc, Hélène; Lajnef, Mohamed; Bengoufa, Djaouida; Malafosse, Alain; Bellivier, Frank; Henry, Chantal; Kahn, Jean-Pierre; Krishnamoorthy, Rajagopal; Charron, Dominique; Leboyer, Marion; Tamouza, Ryad

    2013-05-01

    Implication of immune processes in bipolar disorder (BD) has recently gained increasing attention. Tolerogenic molecules, among which HLA-G plays a prominent role, mediate the modulation of such processes. The HLA-G locus is characterized by a high number of polymorphisms including a functionally relevant 14 base pair (bp) insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) allele affecting the HLA-G expression. Here, we analyzed the distribution of this polymorphism in 561 BD patients and 161 healthy and found that the HLA-G 14bp Ins/Ins genotype was significantly more prevalent in healthy controls than in patients (corrected p; pc=0.032) and that the prevalence of such protective genotype is lower among patients born during the winter season as compared to those born in other periods (pc=0.006). Possible mechanisms between low HLA G expression and resistance to infections as well as potential relationships between infections in early life and susceptibility to BD are discussed. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  17. Co-dominant expression of the HLA-G gene and various forms of alternatively spliced HLA-G mRNA in human first trimester trophoblast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, T V; Møller, C; Sørensen, S

    1998-01-01

    -implantation developmental processes. Animal studies of genomic imprinting of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens in the placenta have shown discordant results. To address this issue in the human placenta, we examined the expression of the non-classical human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I gene, HLA-G. Genomic......Genes may be silenced at the transcriptional level by 'genomic imprinting' in such a way that only one of the parental alleles is expressed. Imprinting may be tissue-specific and in some cases it seems also to be time-dependent during development. The phenomenon has been studied in pre- and post...... imprinting of the HLA-G locus could have implications for the interaction in the feto-maternal relationship. Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), allele-specific amplification and Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP) analysis followed by DNA sequencing were performed on Reverse...

  18. A polymorphism in HLA-G modifies statin benefit in asthma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naidoo, D; Wu, A C; Brilliant, M H

    2015-01-01

    Several reports have shown that statin treatment benefits patients with asthma; however, inconsistent effects have been observed. The mir-152 family (148a, 148b and 152) has been implicated in asthma. These microRNAs suppress HLA-G expression, and rs1063320, a common SNP in the HLA-G 3'UTR...... that is associated with asthma risk, modulates miRNA binding. We report that statins upregulate mir-148b and 152, and affect HLA-G expression in an rs1063320-dependent fashion. In addition, we found that individuals who carried the G minor allele of rs1063320 had reduced asthma-related exacerbations (emergency...... department visits, hospitalizations or oral steroid use) compared with non-carriers (P=0.03) in statin users ascertained in the Personalized Medicine Research Project at the Marshfield Clinic (n=421). These findings support the hypothesis that rs1063320 modifies the effect of statin benefit in asthma...

  19. HLA-G Orchestrates the Early Interaction of Human Trophoblasts with the Maternal Niche.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregori, Silvia; Amodio, Giada; Quattrone, Federica; Panina-Bordignon, Paola

    2015-01-01

    Extravillous trophoblasts (EVTs) play a central role in educating maternal leukocytes, endometrial stromal and endothelial cells to generate a receptive decidual microenvironment tailored to accept the semi-allogeneic fetus. HLA-G, a non-classical HLA class I molecule endowed with immune-regulatory functions, is primarily expressed on EVTs lining the placenta and on the naturally occurring tolerogenic dendritic cells, named DC-10, which are enriched in the human first trimester decidua. Decidual DC-10 are involved in HLA-G-mediated tolerance at the maternal-fetal interface. EVTs not only establish a tolerogenic microenvironment through the interaction with maternal innate and adaptive cells but also orchestrate placenta vascular and tissue remodeling, leading to a successful pregnancy. Here, we discuss the potential implications of the HLA-G-mediated cross-talk among the cells present at the maternal-fetal interface, and its role in maintaining a positive relationship between the mother and the fetus.

  20. HLA-G in human early pregnancy: Control of uterine immune cell activation and likely

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Philippe Le Bouteiller

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Despite a number of controversies, the functional importance of human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G in early human pregnancy is now sustained by a large amount of sound data. Membrane-bound and soluble HLA-G isoforms, either as β2-microglobulin-free or -associated as monomers or dimers, are expressed by different trophoblast subpopulations, the only fetal-derived cells that are directly in contact with maternal cells (maternal-fetal interfaces. Trophoblast HLA-G is the specific ligand of multiple cellular receptors present in maternal immune and non-immune cells, including CD8, leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor (LILR B1, LILRB2, killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR 2DL4, and possibly CD160. Trophoblast HLA-G specific engagement of these cellular receptors triggers either inhibitory or activating signals in decidual CD8 + T cells, CD4 + T cells, natural killer (NK cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, or endothelial cells. Such HLA-G-receptor specific interactions first contribute to limit potentially harmful maternal anti-paternal immune response by impairment of decidual NK cell cytotoxicity, inhibition of CD4 + and CD8 + T-cell and B-cell proliferation, and induction of apoptosis of activated CD8 + T cells. Second, these HLA-G specific interactions contribute to stimulate placental development through secretion of angiogenic factors by decidual NK cells and macrophages, and to provide a protective effect for the outcome of pregnancy by the secretion of interleukin (IL-4 by decidual trophoblast antigen-specific CD4 + T cells.

  1. Everolimus but not mycophenolate mofetil therapy is associated with soluble HLA-G expression in heart transplant patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sheshgiri, Rohit; Gustafsson, Finn; Sheedy, Jill

    2009-01-01

    /ml) compared with 25% of patients receiving MMF (612 +/- 438 ng/ml, p = 0.03). In all sHLA-G(+) patients, expression remained constant, with no significant changes in HLA-G levels throughout the 12-hour PK study period. CsA did not appear to influence sHLA-G expression, as there was no correlation between HLA...... mechanisms remain unclear, immunosuppressive therapy has been reported to influence this expression. METHODS: We compared sHLA-G expression in heart transplant recipients receiving two different anti-proliferative agents: mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) and everolimus (RAD). Twelve-hour pharmacokinetic (PK...

  2. A distant trophoblast-specific enhancer controls HLA-G expression at the maternal–fetal interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Leonardo M. R.; Meissner, Torsten B.; Mikkelsen, Tarjei S.; Mallard, William; O’Donnell, Charles W.; Tilburgs, Tamara; Gomes, Hannah A. B.; Camahort, Raymond; Sherwood, Richard I.; Gifford, David K.; Rinn, John L.; Cowan, Chad A.; Strominger, Jack L.

    2016-01-01

    HLA-G, a nonclassical HLA molecule uniquely expressed in the placenta, is a central component of fetus-induced immune tolerance during pregnancy. The tissue-specific expression of HLA-G, however, remains poorly understood. Here, systematic interrogation of the HLA-G locus using massively parallel reporter assay (MPRA) uncovered a previously unidentified cis-regulatory element 12 kb upstream of HLA-G with enhancer activity, Enhancer L. Strikingly, clustered regularly-interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9-mediated deletion of this enhancer resulted in ablation of HLA-G expression in JEG3 cells and in primary human trophoblasts isolated from placenta. RNA-seq analysis demonstrated that Enhancer L specifically controls HLA-G expression. Moreover, DNase-seq and chromatin conformation capture (3C) defined Enhancer L as a cell type-specific enhancer that loops into the HLA-G promoter. Interestingly, MPRA-based saturation mutagenesis of Enhancer L identified motifs for transcription factors of the CEBP and GATA families essential for placentation. These factors associate with Enhancer L and regulate HLA-G expression. Our findings identify long-range chromatin looping mediated by core trophoblast transcription factors as the mechanism controlling tissue-specific HLA-G expression at the maternal–fetal interface. More broadly, these results establish the combination of MPRA and CRISPR/Cas9 deletion as a powerful strategy to investigate human immune gene regulation. PMID:27078102

  3. Reassessment of HLA-G isoform specificity of MEM-G/9 and 4H84 monoclonal antibodies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, L; Teklemariam, T; Hantash, B M

    2012-09-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is a non-classical HLA class I molecule thought to play a key role in maternal-fetal tolerance. Although initial studies suggested that HLA-G expression is restricted to extravillous cytotrophoblasts, expression was subsequently reported in a wide variety of other human tissues and tumor cells. However, consensus as to the validity of these collective findings has proven difficult because the antibodies used to define the temporal and spatial expression patterns of HLA-G remain incompletely characterized. The aim of our study was to reassess two of the most widely used HLA-G antibodies (MEM-G/9 and 4H84) in HLA-G-positive (JEG-3 and HLA-G transduced) and -negative (dermal fibroblast, mesenchymal stem cell, K562, and Jurkat) lines using flow cytometry, immunofluorescence, and western blotting. We found that MEM-G/9 recognized HLA-G3 by flow cytometry, indicating that its epitope is present on the α1 domain of HLA-G. Although 4H84 preferably recognized unfolded HLA-G-free chains, it showed strong non-specificity under certain methodological conditions. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  4. Genetic and epigenetic control of the major histocompatibility complex class Ib gene HLA-G in trophoblast cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holling, Tjadine M; Bergevoet, Marloes W T; Wierda, Rutger J; van Eggermond, Marja C J A; van den Elsen, Peter J

    2009-09-01

    The transcriptional regulation of the major histocompatibility complex class (MHC) Ib gene HLA-G differs from the classical MHC class I genes. The cis-acting regulatory elements typical for classical MHC class I promoters are divergent in the promoter of HLA-G, rendering this gene unresponsive to NF-kappaB, IRF-1, and class II transactivator (CIITA)-mediated activation pathways. However, as we have previously shown, transactivation of HLA-G is regulated by CREB-1. Because CREB-1 is ubiquitously expressed, this observation does not explain the tissue-restricted expression of HLA-G in extravillous cytotrophoblasts. Using HLA-G-expressing JEG-3 cells and HLA-G-deficient JAR trophoblast-derived choriocarcinoma cells as a model, we have investigated the contribution of DNA methylation and histone acetylation in the transcriptional activation of HLA-G. Despite similar levels of DNA methylation both in JEG3 and JAR cells, we found the levels of histone acetylation in HLA-G promoter chromatin to be significantly enhanced in JEG3 cells coinciding with HLA-G expression.

  5. A homodimeric complex of HLA-G on normal trophoblast cells modulates antigen-presenting cells via LILRB1

    OpenAIRE

    Apps, Richard; Gardner, Lucy; Sharkey, Andrew M.; Holmes, Nick; Moffett, Ashley

    2007-01-01

    In healthy individuals, the non-classical MHC molecule HLA-G is only expressed on fetal trophoblast cells that invade the decidua during placentation. We show that a significant proportion of HLA-G at the surface of normal human trophoblast cells is present as a disulphide-linked homodimer of the conventional ?2m-associated HLA-I complex. HLA-G is a ligand for leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors (LILR), which bind much more efficiently to dimeric HLA-G than to conventional HLA-I molecules...

  6. A distant trophoblast-specific enhancer controls HLA-G expression at the maternal-fetal interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreira, Leonardo M R; Meissner, Torsten B; Mikkelsen, Tarjei S; Mallard, William; O'Donnell, Charles W; Tilburgs, Tamara; Gomes, Hannah A B; Camahort, Raymond; Sherwood, Richard I; Gifford, David K; Rinn, John L; Cowan, Chad A; Strominger, Jack L

    2016-05-10

    HLA-G, a nonclassical HLA molecule uniquely expressed in the placenta, is a central component of fetus-induced immune tolerance during pregnancy. The tissue-specific expression of HLA-G, however, remains poorly understood. Here, systematic interrogation of the HLA-G locus using massively parallel reporter assay (MPRA) uncovered a previously unidentified cis-regulatory element 12 kb upstream of HLA-G with enhancer activity, Enhancer L Strikingly, clustered regularly-interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9-mediated deletion of this enhancer resulted in ablation of HLA-G expression in JEG3 cells and in primary human trophoblasts isolated from placenta. RNA-seq analysis demonstrated that Enhancer L specifically controls HLA-G expression. Moreover, DNase-seq and chromatin conformation capture (3C) defined Enhancer L as a cell type-specific enhancer that loops into the HLA-G promoter. Interestingly, MPRA-based saturation mutagenesis of Enhancer L identified motifs for transcription factors of the CEBP and GATA families essential for placentation. These factors associate with Enhancer L and regulate HLA-G expression. Our findings identify long-range chromatin looping mediated by core trophoblast transcription factors as the mechanism controlling tissue-specific HLA-G expression at the maternal-fetal interface. More broadly, these results establish the combination of MPRA and CRISPR/Cas9 deletion as a powerful strategy to investigate human immune gene regulation.

  7. Cellular immune recognition of HLA-G-expressing choriocarcinoma cell line Jeg-3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burt, D.; Johnston, D.; Rinke de Wit, T.; van den Elsen, P.; Stern, P. L.

    1991-01-01

    Jeg-3 choriocarcinoma cells express class-I MHC HLA-G and low levels of a novel HLA-C product. The functional significance of such novel MHC class-I expression in regard of the cellular immune response has been investigated. Jeg-3 cells are NK-insensitive, but susceptible to LAK cytotoxicity, some

  8. KIR2DL4 (CD158d: An activation receptor for HLA-G

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumati eRajagopalan

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available KIR2DL4 is an unusual KIR family member in terms of its structure, expression, cellular localization and signaling properties. The most conserved KIR in evolution, it is referred to as a framework KIR gene and is expressed by all natural killer cells and a subset of T cells. Although it has a long cytoplasmic tail that is typical of inhibitory KIR, engagement of this receptor results in the activation of NK cells, not for cytotoxicity, but for cytokine and chemokine secretion. Unlike all other KIRs, which are expressed on the surface of NK cells, KIR2DL4 resides in endosomes. It signals from this intracellular site for a proinflammatory and proangiogenic response, using a novel endosomal signaling pathway that involves the serine/threonine kinases DNA-PKcs and Akt. The only known ligand of KIR2DL4 is HLA-G. Soluble HLA-G accumulates in KIR2DL4+ endosomes. Unlike classical HLA molecules that serve as ligands for other KIR family members, in healthy individuals, HLA-G expression is restricted to the fetal trophoblast cells that invade the maternal decidua during early pregnancy. Since NK cells constitute the predominant lymphocyte subset at this site, the proinflammatory/proangiogenic outcome of the interaction between KIR2DL4 and soluble HLA-G supports a role for KIR2DL4 in the extensive remodeling of the maternal vasculature during the early weeks of pregnancy.

  9. Altered phenotype of HLA-G expressing trophoblast and decidual natural killer cells in pathological pregnancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emmer, Peter M; Steegers, Eric A P; Kerstens, Harold M J; Bulten, Johan; Nelen, Willianne L D M; Boer, Kees; Joosten, Irma

    2002-04-01

    The interaction between decidual natural killer (NK) cells and alloantigens expressed on fetal trophoblast cells are thought to be essential for successful implantation and placentation. Consequently, a disturbed interaction during the first trimester of pregnancy might well lead to a subsequent pregnancy failure. We investigated the expression of HLA-G and NK cell markers in tissue sections from recurrent miscarriage (n = 9) and ectopic tubal pregnancies (n = 5), and two hysterectomy specimens of healthy pregnancy as well as decidual biopsies (n = 9) were used as controls. We show in normal pregnancy not only a decrease, but also a morphological change in CD56+ NK cells upon interaction with HLA-G-expressing trophoblasts. The cells appear to be transitioning from a blast-like (activation) state into a state of apoptosis. The number of CD16+ NK cells was low. In contrast, in recurrent miscarriage tissue a sustained NK cell marker expression of both CD56 and CD16 was paralleled by a decreased expression of HLA-G. No morphological changes from the blast-like stage were apparent. Finally, in ectopic pregnancies HLA-G expression in the absence of decidual NK cells was associated with a disturbed trophoblast differentiation. In pathological pregnancies we show an in-situ altered phenotype of trophoblast and NK cells.

  10. HLA-G expression is regulated by miR-365 in trophoblasts under hypoxic conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Asako; Nishi, Hirotaka; Sasaki, Toru; Nagamitsu, Yuzo; Kawaguchi, Rie; Okamoto, Aikou; Kuroda, Masahiko; Isaka, Keiichi

    2016-09-01

    Hypoxia occurs in the first trimester of placental development and is implicated in the regulation of trophoblast differentiation. Prolonged hypoxic conditions in the placenta are related to the development of preeclampsia. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are noncoding, single-stranded RNAs that modulate gene expression by targeting messenger RNA. We hypothesized that, under hypoxic conditions, trophoblasts may have a unique miRNA profile that may play a critical role in placental development. Total RNA was extracted from human trophoblast, HChEpC1b, exposed to normoxia (20% O2) or hypoxia (2% O2) for 24 h, and the miRNA expression profiles were investigated using a microRNA array. Several differential miRNAs were selected and validated using real-time reverse transcription PCR. We identified potential targets of these miRNAs using in silico analysis. We confirmed a potential target protein by western blot analysis and luciferase assays. The expression of miR-365 was significantly upregulated under hypoxic conditions. In silico analysis showed that miR-365 targeted human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G. Both hypoxic conditions and overexpression of miR-365 inhibited the expression of HLA-G proteins. The overexpression of miR-365 also decreased the activity of the luciferase reporter containing the 3'-untranslated region (UTR) of HLA-G with the predicted miR-365-binding site. HLA-G is a non-classical HLA class-Ib molecule that is expressed mainly in extravillous trophoblasts and which plays a key role in maintaining immune tolerance at the maternal-fetal interface. Our results indicate that miR-365 targets the HLA-G 3' UTR to repress its expression. The expression of miR-365 may play an important role in human placental development and in immunoprotection of the semiallogenic embryo. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Differentiation of type 1 T regulatory cells (Tr1) by tolerogenic DC-10 requires the IL-10-dependent ILT4/HLA-G pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregori, Silvia; Tomasoni, Daniela; Pacciani, Valentina; Scirpoli, Miriam; Battaglia, Manuela; Magnani, Chiara Francesca; Hauben, Ehud; Roncarolo, Maria-Grazia

    2010-08-12

    Type 1 T regulatory (Tr1) cells suppress immune responses in vivo and in vitro and play a key role in maintaining tolerance to self- and non-self-antigens. Interleukin-10 (IL-10) is the crucial driving factor for Tr1 cell differentiation, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this induction remain unknown. We identified and characterized a subset of IL-10-producing human dendritic cells (DCs), termed DC-10, which are present in vivo and can be induced in vitro in the presence of IL-10. DC-10 are CD14(+), CD16(+), CD11c(+), CD11b(+), HLA-DR(+), CD83(+), CD1a(-), CD1c(-), express the Ig-like transcripts (ILTs) ILT2, ILT3, ILT4, and HLA-G antigen, display high levels of CD40 and CD86, and up-regulate CD80 after differentiation in vitro. DC-10 isolated from peripheral blood or generated in vitro are potent inducers of antigen-specific IL-10-producing Tr1 cells. Induction of Tr1 cells by DC-10 is IL-10-dependent and requires the ILT4/HLA-G signaling pathway. Our data indicate that DC-10 represents a novel subset of tolerogenic DCs, which secrete high levels of IL-10, express ILT4 and HLA-G, and have the specific function to induce Tr1 cells.

  12. Evaluation of a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for measurements of soluble HLA-G protein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, M; Dahl, M; Buus, S

    2014-01-01

    . We report a novel method, a competitive immunoassay, for measuring HLA-G5/sHLA-G1 in biological fluids. The sHLA-G immunoassay is based upon a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) principle. It includes a recombinant sHLA-G1 protein in complex with β2-microglobulin and a peptide...... as a standard, biotinylated recombinant sHLA-G1 as an indicator, and the MEM-G/9 anti-HLA-G monoclonal antibody (mAb) as the capture antibody. The specificity and sensitivity of the assay were evaluated. Testing with different recombinant HLA class I proteins and different anti-HLA class I mAbs showed....../ml. An intra-assay coefficient of variation (CV) of 15.5% at 88 ng/ml and an inter-assay CV of 23.1% at 39 ng/ml were determined. An assay based on the competitive sHLA-G ELISA may be important for measurements of sHLA-G proteins in several conditions: assisted reproduction, organ transplantation, cancer...

  13. The HLA-G cycle provides for both NK tolerance and immunity at the maternal-fetal interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilburgs, Tamara; Evans, J Henry; Crespo, Ângela C; Strominger, Jack L

    2015-10-27

    The interaction of noncytotoxic decidual natural killer cells (dNK) and extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) at the maternal-fetal interface was studied. Confocal microscopy revealed that many dNK interact with a single large EVT. Filamentous projections from EVT enriched in HLA-G were shown to contact dNK, and may represent the initial stage of synapse formation. As isolated, 2.5% of dNK contained surface HLA-G. However, surface HLA-G-negative dNK contained internalized HLA-G. Activation of dNK resulted in the disappearance of internalized HLA-G in parallel with restoration of cytotoxicity. Surface HLA-G was reacquired by incubation with EVT. This HLA-G cycle of trogocytosis, endocytosis, degradation, and finally reacquisition provides a transient and localized acquisition of new functional properties by dNK upon interaction with EVT. Interruption of the cycle by activation of dNK by cytokines and/or viral products serves to ensure the NK control of virus infection at the interface, and is illustrated here by the response of dNK to human cytomegalo virus (HCMV)-infected decidual stromal cells. Thus, the HLA-G cycle in dNK can provide both for NK tolerance and antiviral immunity.

  14. Membrane-bound HLA-G activates proliferation and interferon-gamma production by uterine natural killer cells.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meer, A. van der; Lukassen, H.G.M.; Lierop, M.J.C. van; Wijnands, F.; Mosselman, S.; Braat, D.D.M.; Joosten, I.

    2004-01-01

    The expression of HLA-G by invading trophoblasts suggests a role for this molecule in embryo implantation. Putative targets for HLA-G are the uterine natural killer cells (uNK) that are abundantly present at the time of implantation. Since NK cells are potent producers of a variety of cytokines,

  15. Necrotic feature of the trophoblasts lacking HLA-G expression in normal and pre-eclamptic placentas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sageshima, Noriko; Ishitani, Akiko; Omura, Motoko; Akasaki, Masayoshi; Umekage, Hideshi; Katabuchi, Hidetaka; Okamura, Hitoshi; Hatake, Katsuhiko

    2003-03-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is thought to be expressed in all placental extravillous trophoblasts (EXTs). In pre-eclamptic placentas, a lack of HLA-G expression on EXTs had been found, and deduced as a possible cause of pre-eclampsia. However, a subset of EXTs lacking expression of HLA-G can also be found in normal placenta. Therefore, we sought to compare these cells in normal and pre-eclamptic placentas. Frozen sections of normal and pre-eclamptic placentas were examined by immunohistochemical staining using HLA-G monoclonal antibody 87G, histochemical enzymatic analysis of succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) and ultrastructural analysis. A subset of EXTs lacking HLA-G expression was found in both normal and pre-eclamptic placentas. These cells showed necrotic features such as the swelling of cells, eosin-achromatophilia, the loss of SDH activity and swelling mitochondria. Cells from both tissues were identical with regard to these features. The features of the EXTs lacking HLA-G expression indicated they had undergone necrosis and thus could not express HLA-G protein. Therefore, an alternative interpretation to the lack of HLA-G expression in pre-eclamptic placentas is that it is the result of cell death and not the cause.

  16. A homodimeric complex of HLA-G on normal trophoblast cells modulates antigen-presenting cells via LILRB1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apps, Richard; Gardner, Lucy; Sharkey, Andrew M; Holmes, Nick; Moffett, Ashley

    2007-07-01

    In healthy individuals, the non-classical MHC molecule HLA-G is only expressed on fetal trophoblast cells that invade the decidua during placentation. We show that a significant proportion of HLA-G at the surface of normal human trophoblast cells is present as a disulphide-linked homodimer of the conventional beta(2)m-associated HLA-I complex. HLA-G is a ligand for leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptors (LILR), which bind much more efficiently to dimeric HLA-G than to conventional HLA-I molecules. We find that a LILRB1-Fc fusion protein preferentially binds the dimeric form of HLA-G on trophoblast cells. We detect LILRB1 expression on decidual myelomonocytic cells; therefore, trophoblast HLA-G may modulate the function of these cells. Co-culture with HLA-G(+) cells does not inhibit monocyte-derived dendritic cell up-regulation of HLA-DR and costimulatory molecules on maturation, but did increase production of IL-6 and IL-10. Furthermore, proliferation of allogeneic lymphocytes was inhibited by HLA-G binding to LILRB1/2 on responding antigen-presenting cells (APC). As HLA-G is the only HLA-I molecule that forms beta(2)m-associated dimers with increased avidity for LILRB1, this interaction could represent a placental-specific signal to decidual APC. We suggest that the placenta is modulating maternal immune responses locally in the uterus through HLA-G, a trophoblast-specific, monomorphic signal present in almost every pregnancy. See accompanying commentary: (http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/eji.200737515).

  17. Soluble HLA-G regulates motility and invasion of the trophoblast-derived cell line SGHPL-4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCormick, James; Whitley, Guy St J; Le Bouteiller, Philippe; Cartwright, Judith E

    2009-06-01

    Soluble human leucocyte antigen-G (sHLA-G) is secreted by extravillous trophoblast (EVT) and has roles in regulating immune cells within the decidua. HLA-G expression on EVT increases as they approach uterine spiral arteries and we have suggested that sHLA-G may be important in the remodelling of these vessels. The autocrine role of sHLA-G in regulating trophoblast function at this critical phase has not been studied. We aimed to investigate the effects of sHLA-G on trophoblast motility, invasion and survival. The human EVT line, SGHPL-4, was stably transfected to over-express sHLA-G (SGHPL-4sG1). Motility and apoptosis were assessed by time-lapse microscopy. Cells were cultured on microcarrier beads embedded in fibrin gels to assess invasion. The effect of sHLA-G expression on motility, invasion and apoptosis in response to stimulation with either hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) or epidermal growth factor (EGF) was determined. There was no difference in the motility of either SGHPL-4 cells or SGHPL-4sG1 cells in the absence of stimulation. However, sHLA-G inhibited HGF-induced EVT motility. HGF- and EGF-induced invasions were significantly inhibited in SGHPL-4sG1 compared with SGHPL-4 cells. Increased expression of HLA-G had no significant effect on tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha/actinomycin-induced apoptosis. Growth factor-stimulated trophoblast motility and invasion are regulated by sHLA-G, indicating a novel autocrine role. The inhibition of trophoblast invasion at the spiral artery may be important to allow interactions leading to vascular remodelling.

  18. Allelic imbalance modulates surface expression of the tolerance-inducing HLA-G molecule on primary trophoblast cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djurisic, S; Teiblum, S; Tolstrup, C K; Christiansen, O B; Hviid, T V F

    2015-03-01

    The HLA-G molecule is expressed on trophoblast cells at the feto-maternal interface, where it interacts with local immune cells, and upholds tolerance against the semi-allogeneic fetus. Aberrant HLA-G expression in the placenta and reduced soluble HLA-G levels are observed in pregnancy complications, partly explained by HLA-G polymorphisms which are associated with differences in the alternative splicing pattern and of the stability of HLA-G mRNA. Of special importance is a 14 bp insertion/deletion polymorphism located in the 3'-untranslated region of the HLA-G gene. In the current study, we present novel evidence for allelic imbalance of the 14 bp insertion/deletion polymorphism, using a very accurate and sensitive Digital droplet PCR technique. Allelic imbalance in heterozygous samples was observed as differential expression levels of 14 bp insertion/deletion allele-specific mRNA transcripts, which was further associated with low levels of HLA-G surface expression on primary trophoblast cells. Full gene sequencing of HLA-G allowed us to study correlations between HLA-G extended haplotypes and single-nucleotide polymorphisms and HLA-G surface expression. We found that a 1:1 expression (allelic balance) of the 14 bp insertion/deletion mRNA alleles was associated with high surface expression of HLA-G and with a specific HLA-G extended haplotype. The 14 bp del/del genotype was associated with a significantly lower abundance of the G1 mRNA isoform, and a higher abundance of the G3 mRNA isoform. Overall, the present study provides original evidence for allelic imbalance of the 14 bp insertion/deletion polymorphism, which influences HLA-G surface expression on primary trophoblast cells, considered to be important in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia and other pregnancy complications. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  19. Adrenomedullin 2/Intermedin Regulates HLA-G in Human Trophoblasts1

    OpenAIRE

    Chauhan, Madhu; Balakrishnan, Meena; Yallampalli, Uma; Endsley, Janice; HANKINS, Gary D.V; Theiler, Regan; Yallampalli, Chandra

    2011-01-01

    Adrenomedullin 2 (ADM2), also referred to as intermedin (IMD), is expressed in trophoblast cells in human placenta and enhances the invasion and migration of first-trimester HTR-8SV/neo cells. Further infusion of ADM2 antagonist in pregnant rat causes fetoplacental growth restriction, suggesting a role for ADM2 in maintaining a successful pregnancy. This study was undertaken to assess whether ADM2 protein is present in decidual tissue and colocalized with HLA-G-positive cytotrophoblast cells ...

  20. HLA-G regulates the invasive properties of JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells by controlling STAT3 activation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, X; Gu, W; Li, X

    2013-11-01

    The expression of human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) in trophoblasts plays a crucial role in successful embryonic implantation, and reduced HLA-G expression might contribute to adverse obstetric outcomes. In this study, we silenced HLA-G expression using RNA interference in JEG-3 cells, resulting in a notably attenuated invasion capacity of the cells in a Transwell assay; however, no alterations in cell proliferation or apoptosis were observed. The down-regulation of HLA-G dampened the activation of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), whereas the up-regulation of HLA-G promoted STAT3 activation and invasion in JEG-3 cells treated with human galectin-1. Most importantly, interleukin-6 (IL-6), but not galectin-1, was shown to rescue invasion deficiency in a dose-dependent manner. Thus, we demonstrate that HLA-G is able to regulate JEG-3 cell invasion by influencing STAT3 activation, which may underlie the implantation defects accompanying HLA-G hypo-expression in pre-eclampsia. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. The HLA-G cycle provides for both NK tolerance and immunity at the maternal–fetal interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilburgs, Tamara; Evans, J. Henry; Crespo, Ângela C.; Strominger, Jack L.

    2015-01-01

    The interaction of noncytotoxic decidual natural killer cells (dNK) and extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) at the maternal–fetal interface was studied. Confocal microscopy revealed that many dNK interact with a single large EVT. Filamentous projections from EVT enriched in HLA-G were shown to contact dNK, and may represent the initial stage of synapse formation. As isolated, 2.5% of dNK contained surface HLA-G. However, surface HLA-G–negative dNK contained internalized HLA-G. Activation of dNK resulted in the disappearance of internalized HLA-G in parallel with restoration of cytotoxicity. Surface HLA-G was reacquired by incubation with EVT. This HLA-G cycle of trogocytosis, endocytosis, degradation, and finally reacquisition provides a transient and localized acquisition of new functional properties by dNK upon interaction with EVT. Interruption of the cycle by activation of dNK by cytokines and/or viral products serves to ensure the NK control of virus infection at the interface, and is illustrated here by the response of dNK to human cytomegalo virus (HCMV)-infected decidual stromal cells. Thus, the HLA-G cycle in dNK can provide both for NK tolerance and antiviral immunity. PMID:26460007

  2. The role of methylation, DNA polymorphisms and microRNAs on HLA-G expression in human embryonic stem cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verloes, A; Spits, C; Vercammen, M; Geens, M; LeMaoult, J; Sermon, K; Coucke, W; Van de Velde, H

    2017-03-01

    The human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G gene seems to play a pivotal role in maternal tolerance to the fetus. Little is known about HLA-G expression and its molecular control during in vivo human embryogenesis. Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) provide an interesting in vitro model to study early human development. Different studies reported discrepant findings on whether HLA-G mRNA and protein are present or absent in hESC. Several lines of evidence indicate that promoter CpG methylation and 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) polymorphisms may influence HLA-G expression. We investigated how HLA-G expression is linked to the patterns of promoter methylation and explored the role of the 3'UTR polymorphic sites and their binding microRNAs on the post-transcriptional regulation of HLA-G in eight hESC lines. We showed that, while the gross expression levels of HLA-G are controlled by promoter methylation, the genetic constitution of the HLA-G 3'UTR, more specifically the 14bp insertion in combination with the +3187A/A and +3142G/G SNP, plays a major role in HLA-G mRNA regulation in hESC. Our findings provide a solid first step towards future work using hESC as tools for the study of early human developmental processes in normal and pregnancy-related disorders such as preeclampsia. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Inhibition of HLA-G expression via RNAi abolishes resistance of extravillous trophoblast cell line TEV-1 to NK lysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, L J; Han, Z Q; Zhou, H; Zou, L; Zou, P

    2010-06-01

    Remodelling of uterine spiral arteries occurs in the first trimester of pregnancy and involves an expanded and activated population of maternal natural killer (NK) cells in the decidua and extravillous trophoblast cells. Invasive trophoblasts encounter maternal NK cells during their invasion into the uterine tissue, posing the problem of susceptibility to NK lysis. Studies in vitro and in vivo suggested that the expression of HLA-G by invasive extravillous trophoblasts might provide invulnerability to NK cells, while there is still lack of direct evidence of HLA-G knockdown effect on trophoblast/NK interaction. A study was conducted to investigate the effects of down-regulated HLA-G on extravillous trophoblasts. The short hairpin RNA (shRNA) vector targeting HLA-G was constructed and transfected into the human first-trimester extravillous trophoblast cell line TEV-1. Western blotting and reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed that in HLA-G shRNA transfected cells, the expression of HLA-G was significantly decreased. HLA-G expression was also visualised by confocal imaging. The HLA phenotype of TEV-1 cells and inhibitory receptors expression in NK cells were analysed by flow cytometry. A comparison between HLA-G knockdown and non-knockdown cells showed a significant difference in the HLA expression profile without altering HLA-C and HLA-E. Both primary NK cells and NK-92 cell line exhibited potent cytotoxicity against HLA-G knockdown cells via standard 4-h (51)Cr release assays. Expression of ILT2, ILT4 and KIR2DL4 in NK cells was unchanged after 4h of co-culture, while KIR2DL4 expression increased after 48h. We conclude that HLA-G contributes to trophoblast/NK interaction, acting as a key regulator of NK cytolysis in this human extravillous trophoblast cell model. In addition, TEV-1 cells share common HLA phenotype characters with extravillous trophoblast cells, and thus might be used as a good cell model. HLA-C expression in trophoblasts

  4. Associations between fetal HLA-G genotype and birth weight and placental weight in a large cohort of pregnant women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emmery, Johanne; Christiansen, Ole B; Nilsson, Line Lynge

    2017-01-01

    HLA/MHC class Ib gene, HLA-G, is strongly expressed on extravillous trophoblast cells. We investigated birth weight and placental weight of the newborns in mothers heterozygous for an HLA-G 14bp insertion (Ins)/deletion (Del) gene polymorphism. Separate analyses for pregnancies without preeclampsia (n...... are heterozygous at the HLA-G gene locus, then newborns with two distinct HLA haplotypes are favored, leading to a higher degree of HLA diversity. The results of the study may indicate that a compromise between an intermediate birth weight and placental weight, induction of maternal tolerance by a fetal...... is also associated with high expression of HLA-G on the trophoblast membrane. In theory, fetuses and newborns with intermediate weights and sizes would be an optimal compromise for both the fetus/father and the mother compared with very high and low weights. If such fetuses/newborns more often...

  5. [Mifepristone inhibits the progesterone-induced expressions of HLA-G, -E, -F genes in trophoblasts during first trimester].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Bin; Wang, Yan; Zhang, Yang; Liao, Ai-hua

    2012-01-03

    To explore the effects of mifepristone on the expressions of HLA-G, HLA-E and HLA-F in extravillous cytotrophoblasts (EVCT). Cultured EVCT during the first trimester were treated in vitro with progesterone and mifepristone. And the transcription levels of HLA-G, HLA-E and HLA-F genes were detected by RT-PCR (reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction). As compared with the controls, the levels of HLA-G, HLA-E and HLA-F mRNA significantly increased in EVCT after incubating with 0.1 ng/L progesterone (P HLA-G, HLA-E and HLA-F mRNA in trophoblasts during the first trimester.

  6. HLA-G and classical HLA class I expression in primary colorectal cancer and associated liver metastases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swets, Marloes; König, Marion H; Zaalberg, Anniek; Dekker-Ensink, Neeltje G; Gelderblom, Hans; van de Velde, Cornelis J H; van den Elsen, Peter J; Kuppen, Peter J K

    2016-09-01

    De novo expression of HLA-G has been demonstrated in colorectal cancer. HLA-G, amongst others, inhibits natural killer cell function, contributing to host immune defense evasion. Another mechanism to escape anti-tumor immunity is loss of HLA class I. Therefore, we determined HLA-G and HLA class I expression on primary colorectal tumors and associated liver metastases, in order to get insight in the metastasizing process regarding escaping anti-tumor immunity. HLA-G expression was evaluated using three mAbs; 4H84, MEM-G/1 and MEM-G/2. In total 81 colorectal cancer patients were evaluated. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue sections of primary tumors and associated liver metastases, were immunohistochemically stained. A concordance between expression or loss/downregulation in the primary tumor and associated liver metastasis regarding HLA class I expression was observed in 80% of the cases. In contrast with the hypothesis of escaping NK cell-killing, we demonstrated for each HLA-G detecting mAbs used in this study, that the majority of the primary tumors that positively stained for HLA-G did not express HLA-G in the associated liver metastasis. Furthermore, we revealed the existence of non-specific binding and in addition we found that the different epitopes of HLA-G detected by 4H84, MEM-G/1 and MEM-G/2 mAbs were expressed differentially in colorectal tumor tissues. Copyright © 2016 American Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Proteomic analysis of knock-down HLA-G in invasion of human trophoblast cell line JEG-3

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Haiyan; Liu, Xueyuan; Jin, Hong; Yang, Fengying; Gu, Weirong; Li, Xiaotian

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies showed that aberrant HLA-G expression in trophoblast cells plays important roles in trophoblast invasion; however, the mechanisms remain to be explored. In this study, we found that suppressed HLA-G expression could dramatically decrease the mRNA and protein expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9, and in the proteome assay, there were 3 identified proteins namely, prefoldin 1, eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2 and malate dehydr...

  8. ADAM28 localizes to HLA-G+ trophoblasts and promotes column cell outgrowth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Luca, L C; Le, H T; Mara, D L; Beristain, A G

    2017-07-01

    Trophoblast progenitor cell differentiation towards the extravillous trophoblast (EVT) lineage initiates within proximal regions of anchoring columns of first trimester placental villi. While molecular processes controlling the initial stages of progenitor cell differentiation along the EVT pathway have been described, much remains unknown about factors important in distal column cell differentiation into invasive EVTs. ADAMs are proteases that regulate growth factor signaling, cell-matrix adhesion, and matrix proteolysis, and thus impact many processes relevant in placentation. Global gene expression studies identified the ADAM subtype, ADAM28, to be highly expressed in EVT-like trophoblasts, suggesting that it may play a role in EVT function. This study aims to test the functional importance of ADAM28 in column cell outgrowth and maintenance. ADAM28 mRNA levels and protein localization were determined by qPCR and immunofluorescence microscopy analyses in purified placental villi cell populations and tissues. ADAM28 function in trophoblast column outgrowth was examined using ADAM28-targetting siRNAs in Matrigel-imbedded placental explant cultures. Within placental villi, ADAM28 mRNA levels were highest in HLA-G+ column trophoblasts, and consistent with this, ADAM28 was preferentially localized to HLA-G+ trophoblasts within distal anchoring columns and decidual tissue. siRNA-directed loss of ADAM28 impaired trophoblast column outgrowth and resulted in increased apoptosis in matrix-invading trophoblasts. Our findings suggest that ADAM28 promotes column outgrowth by providing survival cues within anchoring column cells. This study also provides insight into a possible role for ADAM28 in driving differentiation of column trophoblasts into invasive HLA-G+ EVT subsets. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Role for proteases and HLA-G in the pathogenicity of influenza A viruses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foucault, Marie-Laure; Moules, Vincent; Rosa-Calatrava, Manuel; Riteau, Béatrice

    2011-07-01

    Influenza is one of the most common infectious diseases in humans occurring as seasonal epidemic and sporadic pandemic outbreaks. The ongoing infections of humans with avian H5N1 influenza A viruses (IAV) and the past 2009 pandemic caused by the quadruple human/avian/swine reassortant (H1N1) virus highlights the permanent threat caused by these viruses. This review aims to describe the interaction between the virus and the host, with a particular focus on the role of proteases and HLA-G in the pathogenicity of influenza viruses. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. An HLA-G(∗)14bp insertion/deletion polymorphism associates with the development of autistic spectrum disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerini, Franca R; Bolognesi, Elisabetta; Chiappedi, Matteo; Ghezzo, Alessandro; Canevini, Maria Paola; Mensi, Martina M; Vignoli, Aglaia; Agliardi, Cristina; Zanette, Michela; Clerici, Mario

    2015-02-01

    HLA-G expressed by the trophoblast ligates KIR molecules expressed by maternal NK cells at the uterine fetal/maternal interface: this interaction is involved in generating immune tolerance during pregnancy. A 14-bp insertion in the HLA-G 3'-UTR associates with significantly reduced levels of both HLA-G mRNA and soluble HLA-G, thus hampering the efficacy of HLA-G-mediated immune tolerance during pregnancy. Because prenatal immune activation is suggested to play an important role in the onset of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) we performed an in-depth evaluation of HLA-G polymorphisms in a well-characterized cohort of Italian families of ASD children. Results showed that frequency of both homozygous 14bp+/14bp+ genotype and 14bp+ allele was significantly higher in ASD children and their mothers compared to controls (panalysis of the frequency of transmission of the 14bp+ allele from parents to ASD children and their non-ASD siblings showed that the 14bp+ allele was more frequently transmitted (T) to ASD children, whereas it was preferentially not transmitted (NT) to the non-ASD siblings (overall discrepancy: p=0.02; OR: 2.6, 95% CI: 1.1-6.4). Results herein suggest that HLA-G polymorphisms are associated with ASD development, possibly as a consequence of prenatal immune activation. These data infer that the immune alterations seen in ASD are associated with the maternal-fetal interaction alone, and reinforce the observation that different genetic backgrounds characterize ASD children and their non-ASD siblings. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Effect of Marijuana Smoking on Blood Chemistry and Serum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effect of marijuana smoking on blood chemistry and serum biogenic amines concentrations in humans was investigated. Eighty Marijuana addicts and twenty non- marijuana smokers were used in the study. Blood chemistry and serum biogenic amines concentrations of the marijuana addicts and controls, were ...

  12. Gene polymorphism and HLA-G expression in patients with childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus: A pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavalcanti, A; Almeida, R; Mesquita, Z; Duarte, A L B P; Donadi, E A; Lucena-Silva, N

    2017-10-01

    Human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) presents inhibitory functions in immune cells and is located in a chromosomal region associated with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) susceptibility. Polymorphisms in 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of HLA-G gene may influence protein expression. To date, no study analyzing HLA-G polymorphism and expression in childhood-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (cSLE) has been conducted. Therefore, we investigated the influence of HLA-G 3'UTR polymorphisms in 50 cSLE patients and 144 healthy controls. For the expression analysis, the control group included 26 healthy individuals. No significant difference in allele, genotype, and haplotype frequencies was observed between patients and control group. However, both the 14 bp deletion allele (odds ratio [OR] = 2.76, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.17-6.52, P = .028) and the 14 bp deletion-deletion genotype (OR = 8.00, 95% CI = 1.57-40.65, P = .006) showed an association with lupus nephritis. After Bonferroni correction, none P-value remained statistically significant. Regarding HLA-G expression, no significant difference was observed between plasma levels of cSLE patients (56.02 U/mL, interquartile range [IQR] = 37.54-75.41) and control group (49.2 U/mL, IQR = 27.84-154.4, P = .952). However, when the patients were stratified according to clinical manifestations, patients with hematological manifestations showed a lower plasma concentration of soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) (47.08 U/mL, IQR = 34.15-61.56) than patients with no hematological manifestations (65.26 U/mL, IQR = 47.69-102.60, P = .013). These results suggest that HLA-G polymorphism has small effect on cSLE susceptibility and that sHLA-G may be involved in the pathogenesis of the disease. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  13. In vitro up-regulation of HLA-G using dexamethasone and hydrocortisone in first-trimester trophoblast cells of women experiencing recurrent miscarriage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akhter, A; Faridi, R M; Das, V; Pandey, A; Naik, S; Agrawal, S

    2012-08-01

    The trophoblast cells at the maternal-fetal interface express an unusual combination of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-C, HLA-E and HLA-G. Altered expression of HLA-G on the extravillous cytotrophoblast has been implicated in the etiology of recurrent miscarriages (RMs). We have assessed HLA-G expression in extravillous cytotrophoblast in cell cultures prepared from RM patients and compared with those of first-trimester voluntarily terminated normal pregnancies (control). Glucocorticoids, dexamethasone and hydrocortisone were examined for their role in modulation of the HLA-G expression. HLA-G promoter and 3'UTR variants were investigated for their effect on the transcription of HLA-G. Cultured cytotrophoblast cells from the first-trimester RM patients were treated with dexamethasone and hydrocortisone (dose concentration 0-1000 ng/ml). HLA-G gene transcription was determined by semiquantitative and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), while protein expression was determined by a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), flow cytometry and western blot analyses. HLA-G polymorphisms were detected by PCR and/or sequence-based typing. Low level of HLA-G was observed in untreated trophoblast cells obtained from RM patients as compared with controls. Upon treatment with glucocorticoids, the expression of HLA-G in these cells was up-regulated in a dose-dependent manner (P HLA-G polymorphism in RM patients and controls. HLA-G is minimally expressed in cultured trophoblast cells of RM patients. It can be up-regulated upon exposure with both dexamethasone and hydrocortisone. Glucocorticoids have the potential to modulate HLA-G expression in vitro, and can be further examined for their therapeutic applicability in RM. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  14. Human Leucocyte Antigen-G (HLA-G and Its Murine Functional Homolog Qa2 in the Trypanosoma cruzi Infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício C. Dias

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Genetic susceptibility factors, parasite strain, and an adequate modulation of the immune system seem to be crucial for disease progression after Trypanosoma cruzi infection. HLA-G and its murine functional homolog Qa2 have well-recognized immunomodulatory properties. We evaluated the HLA-G 3′ untranslated region (3′UTR polymorphic sites (associated with mRNA stability and target for microRNA binding and HLA-G tissue expression (heart, colon, and esophagus in patients presenting Chagas disease, stratified according to the major clinical variants. Further, we investigated the transcriptional levels of Qa2 and other pro- and anti-inflammatory genes in affected mouse tissues during T. cruzi experimental acute and early chronic infection induced by the CL strain. Chagas disease patients exhibited differential HLA-G 3′UTR susceptibility allele/genotype/haplotype patterns, according to the major clinical variant (digestive/cardiac/mixed/indeterminate. HLA-G constitutive expression on cardiac muscle and colonic cells was decreased in Chagasic tissues; however, no difference was observed for Chagasic and non-Chagasic esophagus tissues. The transcriptional levels of Qa2 and other anti and proinflammatory (CTLA-4, PDCD1, IL-10, INF-γ, and NOS-2 genes were induced only during the acute T. cruzi infection in BALB/c and C57BL/6 mice. We present several lines of evidence indicating the role of immunomodulatory genes and molecules in human and experimental T. cruzi infection.

  15. The 3’-untranslated region of the HLA-G gene in relation to pre-eclampsia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, M. H.; Hylenius, S.; Nybo Andersen, A.-M.

    2010-01-01

    Abnormal human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) expression may be involved in pre-eclampsia. A 14 bp insertion/deletion polymorphism exists in exon 8 of the HLA-G gene. Fetal +14/+14 bp HLA-G genotype may predispose to pre-eclampsia in the mother. Other polymorphisms, besides the 14 bp polymorphism (rs......66554220), in the 3′-untranslated region (3′-UTR) (exon 8) of the HLA-G gene might be associated with severe pre-eclampsia, especially in primiparas. By haplotype-specific polymerase chain reaction amplification and DNA sequence analysis in the offspring from 50 pre-eclamptic cases and 85 controls (35.......008, PC = 0.04) were significantly associated with severe pre-eclampsia in primiparas. In conclusion, this study indicates that the +14 bp HLA-G allele defines a nearly unique exon 8 haplotype, and fetuses homozygous for this haplotype [SNP 2995(C)/SNP 3127(G)/SNP 3172(A)/SNP 3181(G)/+14 bp...

  16. Proteomic analysis of knock-down HLA-G in invasion of human trophoblast cell line JEG-3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Haiyan; Liu, Xueyuan; Jin, Hong; Yang, Fengying; Gu, Weirong; Li, Xiaotian

    2013-01-01

    Previous studies showed that aberrant HLA-G expression in trophoblast cells plays important roles in trophoblast invasion; however, the mechanisms remain to be explored. In this study, we found that suppressed HLA-G expression could dramatically decrease the mRNA and protein expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase 2 and matrix metalloproteinase 9, and in the proteome assay, there were 3 identified proteins namely, prefoldin 1, eukaryotic translation elongation factor 2 and malate dehydrogenase 2, which were verified by Western blot and known to be associated with invasion, cell cycle and cell metabolism, respectively. Collectively, our study indicated a potential involvement of HLA-G in autocrine networks that may regulate prefoldin, MMPs and trophoblast invasion at the maternal-fetal interface in human pregnancy.

  17. Placental cell expression of HLA-G2 isoforms is limited to the invasive trophoblast phenotype.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morales, Pedro J; Pace, Judith L; Platt, Jeralyn Sue; Phillips, Teresa A; Morgan, Kim; Fazleabas, Asgi T; Hunt, Joan S

    2003-12-01

    The HLA-G message is alternatively spliced into multiple transcripts, two of which encode soluble isoforms. To initiate studies on the specific functions of the soluble isoforms, we produced soluble rHLA-G1 (rsG1) and rsG2 in human embryonic kidney 293 cells and characterized the proteins. Both isoforms were glycosylated and formed disulfide-bonded oligomers. Recombinant sG1 associated with beta(2)-microglobulin, whereas rsG2 did not. Mouse mAb generated to rsG1 (1-2C3), which identified exclusively sG1, and mAb generated to rsG2 (26-2H11), which identified both soluble and membrane G2 (m/sG2), were used for immunohistochemical isoform mapping studies on placental tissue sections. Soluble G1 protein was abundant in many subpopulations of trophoblast cells, whereas m/sG2 protein was present exclusively in extravillous cytotrophoblast cells. Although both isolated placental villous cytotrophoblast cells and chorion membrane extravillous cytotrophoblast cells contained mRNAs encoding sG1 and sG2, protein expression was as predicted from the immunostains with m/sG2 present only in the invasive trophoblast subpopulation. Analysis of function by Northern and Western blotting demonstrated that both rsG1 and rsG2 inhibit CD8alpha expression on PBMC without changing CD3delta expression or causing apoptotic cell death. Collectively, the studies indicate that: 1) both sG1 and m/sG2 are produced in placentas; 2) transcription and translation are linked for sG1, but not G2; 3) expression of G2 is exclusively associated with the invasive phenotype; and 4) the two isoforms of sG may promote semiallogeneic pregnancy by reducing expression of CD8, a molecule required for functional activation of CTL.

  18. HLA-G expressing DC-10 and CD4+ T cells accumulate in human decidua during pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Amodio, Giada; Mugione, Alessandra; Sanchez, Ana Maria; Vigan?, Paola; Candiani, Massimo; Somigliana, Edgardo; Roncarolo, Maria Grazia; Panina-Bordignon, Paola; Gregori, Silvia

    2013-01-01

    Multiple mechanisms underlie the surprising willingness of mothers to tolerate the semi-allogeneic fetal tissues during pregnancy. Chief among these is the expression of the HLA-G molecules that has been largely demonstrated to be responsible for reprogramming the local maternal immune response towards tolerance. We recently identified a subset of tolerogenic dendritic cells, DC-10 that secrete high amounts of IL-10 and express high levels of HLA-G and its ligand ILT4. DC-10 are present in th...

  19. The binding of flavopiridol to blood serum albumin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myatt, Daniel; Johnson, Louise; Baumli, Sonja; Siligardi, Giuliano

    2010-01-01

    Flavopiridol is a potent cyclin-dependant kinase (CDK) inhibitor and is in clinical trials for anticancer treatment. A limiting factor in its drug development has been the high dosage required in human clinical trials. The high dosage is suggested to be necessary because of significant flavopiridol binding to human blood serum. Albumin is the major protein component of blood serum and has been suggested as a likely high affinity binding target. We characterized the binding of human serum albumin to flavopiridol using circular dichroism (hereafter CD). Flavopiridol bound to human serum albumin has a diagnostic CD binding peak at 284 nm. The diagnostic CD binding peak was unobservable for flavopiridol with bovine serum albumin, using the same experimental conditions. However, under higher albumin concentrations a small CD signal is observed confirming, flavopiridol binds to bovine serum albumin as well. © 2010 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  20. Recent Advances in Our Understanding of HLA-G Biology: Lessons from a Wide Spectrum of Human Diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Morandi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available HLA-G is a HLA-class Ib molecule with potent immunomodulatory activities, which is expressed in physiological conditions, where modulation of the immune response is required to avoid allograft recognition (i.e., maternal-fetal interface or transplanted patients. However, HLA-G can be expressed de novo at high levels in several pathological conditions, including solid and hematological tumors and during microbial or viral infections, leading to the impairment of the immune response against tumor cells or pathogens, respectively. On the other hand, the loss of HLA-G mediated control of the immune responses may lead to the onset of autoimmune/inflammatory diseases, caused by an uncontrolled activation of the immune effector cells. Here, we have reviewed novel findings on HLA-G functions in different physiological and pathological settings, which have been published in the last two years. These studies further confirmed the important role of this molecule in the modulation of the immune system.

  1. The dimeric form of HLA-G molecule is associated with the response of early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients to methotrexate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizzo, Roberta; Farina, Ilaria; Bortolotti, Daria; Galuppi, Elisa; Padovan, Melissa; Di Luca, Dario; Govoni, Marcello

    2017-03-01

    A growing body of evidence indicates a possible involvement of HLA (human leukocyte antigen)-G antigens in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), mainly in the HLA-G dimeric isoform, the most active HLA-G form with the strongest immunosuppression, that showed an excellent anti-inflammatory effect in collagen-induced arthritis model mice. However, the relevance of HLA-G dimers in RA response to methotrexate (MTX) treatment is still unknown. We analyzed the HLA-G dimers' amount in plasma samples from early rheumatoid arthritis (ERA) patients before MTX therapy and evaluated the role of these molecules as biomarker of the different response to the treatment. Plasma sHLA-G levels were detected by ELISA, and HLA-G dimeric and monomeric forms were revealed by Western blot in 12 MTX responder (reaching DAS28 remission <2.6) and 8 MTX non-responder (DAS28 ≥5.1) patients before the therapy. The response to MTX was evaluated after 6 months of treatment. All ERA patients reaching remission showed higher plasma sHLA-G levels and the 78 kDa HLA-G dimeric form. Unresponsive ERA patients were characterized by lower plasma sHLA-G levels, and only one patient presented the 78 kDa HLA-G dimeric form (DAS28 5.1). Our preliminary results support the hypothesis that in ERA patients, sHLA-G and, in particular, the presence of the dimeric form in plasma samples before MTX therapy could be an a priori biomarker for the response to MTX treatment.

  2. Expression of the nonclassical HLA-G and HLA-E molecules in laryngeal lesions as biomarkers of tumor invasiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Tarsia G; Crispim, Janaina C O; Miranda, Fabiana A; Hassumi, Marcela K; de Mello, Júlia M Y; Simões, Renata T; Souto, Francisco; Soares, Edson G; Donadi, Eduardo A; Soares, Christiane P

    2011-12-01

    HLA-G and HLA-E are two nonclassical class I molecules, which have been well recognized as modulators of innate and adaptive immune responses, and the expression of these molecules in virus infected cells has been associated with subversion of the immune response. In this study we performed a cross-sectional study, systematically comparing the expression of HLA-G and HLA-E in benign, pre-malignant and malignant laryngeal lesions, correlating with demographic and clinical variables and with the presence of high-risk and low-risk HPV types. Laryngeal lesions were collected from 109 patients and stratified into 27 laryngeal papillomas, 17 dysplasias, 10 in situ laryngeal carcinomas, 27 laryngeal carcinomas without metastases, 28 laryngeal carcinomas with metastasis along with their respective draining cervical lymph nodes, and 10 normal larynx specimens. The expression of HLA-G and HLA-E molecules was determined by immunohistochemistry. HPV DNA detection and typing was performed using generic and specific primers. HLA nonclassical molecules showed a distinct distribution pattern, according to the larynx lesion grade. HLA-G expression increased in benign and premalignant lesions, and gradually decreased in invasive carcinomas and in respective draining cervical lymph nodes. Conversely, HLA-E expression increased as far as lesion grade increased, including increased molecule expression in the draining lymph nodes of malignant lesions. Only 17 (15.6%) patients were HPV DNA positive. Overexpression of HLA-E and underexpression of HLA-G appear to be good markers for malignant larynx lesion.

  3. PD1/PD1L pathway, HLA-G and T regulatory cells as new markers of immunosuppression in cancers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulina Własiuk

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The appropriate function of the immune system depends on the effective regulation of the immune response on multiple levels. The key element of an effective immune response to antigenic stimulation is maintaining a homeostasis between activation and inhibitory function of immunocompetent cells and molecules. In pathological conditions such as chronic infections, autoimmune diseases or cancer there are significant alterations, and prevalence of signals of one type over another. Main markers of these dysfunctions are altered expressions of molecules, such as programmed death-1 (PD-1, Human Leukocyte Antigen G (HLA-G, or changed percentages of T regulatory cells (Treg. These indicators of immune system dysfunction may contribute to disease progression, but also could represent good targets for treatment. Interestingly, in recent years there are many new, interesting reports which showed that the role of PD-1, HLA-G or Treg is ambiguous and not always their higher expression or frequency lead to the progression of disease. Recent studies have shown that Treg can suppress bacteria-driven inflammation which promotes carcinogenesis and thus protect the host from cancer development. Moreover, proliferation of hematological tumor cells expressing ILT-2 receptor can be inhibited by HLA-G, in contrast to solid tumors where HLA-G favors tumor escape. In this paper we present characteristics of expressions of PD-1 and its ligands, HLA-G, and frequency of Treg cells in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions associated with chronic infections, autoimmune diseases and cancer. The understanding of the complex interactions between the functional elements of immune system is essential for a detailed characteristics of the mechanisms leading to the development of diseases and identification of more effective targeted therapies.

  4. Temporal variation in soluble human leukocyte antigen-G (sHLA-G) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) in pregnancies complicated by gestational diabetes mellitus and in controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beneventi, Fausta; Simonetta, Margherita; Locatelli, Elena; Cavagnoli, Chiara; Badulli, Carla; Lovati, Elisabetta; Garbin, Giulia; Genini, Emilia; Albertini, Riccardo; Tinelli, Carmine; Martinetti, Miryam; Spinillo, Arsenio

    2014-10-01

    To target gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by means of temporal variation in pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) and soluble human leukocyte antigen-G (sHLA-G). Retrospective analysis of PAPP-A and sHLA-G blood levels in historical samples of 112 GDM and 112 controls, drawn at first trimester, and prospective study in 18 GDM and 105 controls collected in triplicate along the pregnancy. Six hundred and sixty-five samples were analyzed. Gestational diabetes mellitus had significantly lower first-trimester PAPP-A concentrations than controls (2343±1519 versus 2996±1955 mU/mL, in retrospective brunch and 2490.57±1828.52 versus 3240.84±1930.69 mU/L in prospective one, PPAPP-A and sHLA-G are independent markers of GDM. Quantitative variations during pregnancy help to early unravel the onset of GDM. © 2014 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  5. Leptin promotes HLA-G expression on placental trophoblasts via the MEK/Erk and PI3K signaling pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrientos, G; Toro, A; Moschansky, P; Cohen, M; Garcia, M G; Rose, M; Maskin, B; Sánchez-Margalet, V; Blois, S M; Varone, C L

    2015-04-01

    The development of the human haemochorial placenta requires complex regulatory mechanisms to protect invasive trophoblast cells from cytotoxic responses elicited by maternal immune cells. Leptin, the adipocyte derived hormone encoded by the Lep gene, is synthesized by placental trophoblasts and exerts pleiotropic effects on the immune system, including the promotion of inflammation and the activation of T cell responses. To address its possible involvement in the modulation of maternal immune responses during pregnancy, we investigated the effect of leptin on the expression of the class Ib histocompatibility antigen HLA-G as one of the chief immunosuppressive strategies used by trophoblast cells. In vitro incubation of the trophoblast derived Swan 71 and JEG-3 cell lines with 25-50 ng/ml recombinant leptin significantly boosted HLA-G mRNA and protein expression, and this effect was abrogated upon pharmacological inhibition of the PI3K-Akt and MEK-Erk signaling pathways. A similar stimulatory effect of leptin was observed in term placental tissue explants, though 10-fold higher doses were required for stimulation. Further, JEG-3 cells treated with a leptin antisense oligodeoxynucleotide displayed decreased HLA-G expression levels, which were partially recovered by addition of stimulating doses of exogenous hormone. Immunofluorescence and qPCR analysis confirmed leptin biosynthesis in placental tissue, further showing that invasive extravillous trophoblast cells were a main source of this hormone during the first trimester of normal pregnancies. Taken together, our results show that leptin acts as an autocrine/paracrine signal promoting HLA-G expression in placental trophoblasts suggesting an important role in the regulation of immune evasion mechanisms at the fetal maternal interface. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. [Impact of natural selection on the polymorphism of HLA-G 3'UTR among five ethnic Chinese populations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Hao; Sun, Qianqian; Huang, Kai; Lin, Keqin; Liu, Shuyuan; Yang, Zhaoqing; Chu, Jiayou; Huang, Xiaoqing

    2016-08-01

    To assess the impact of natural selection and genetic background on the polymorphisms of HLA-G 3-untranslated regions (UTR) among five ethnic Chinese populations. PCR and DNA sequencing were used to determine the polymorphisms among 432 individuals from the five ethnic populations. Their genetic background was determined by genotyping of 10 short tandem repeats (STRs). Eight variations were identified among Gelao, Mongolian and Kirgiz populations, while only 7 were found in Shui and Dai people. For all 3 southern populations (Gelao, Shui, and Dai), the observed heterozygosites (Ho) was higher than expected heterozygosities (He). But this was reversed for the 2 northern populations (Mongolian and Kirgiz). The Ho and He of the 10 neutral STRs were in random distribution. Ewens-Watterson testing based on haplotypes of the HLA-G 3'UTR has suggested that a natural selection had occurred in the region where Dai and Shui had inhabited, but not in the northern region where Mongolian and Kirgiz population inhabited. Polygenetic trees based on the HLA and STRs were also different. The HLA-G 3'UTR of Dai and Shui people who lived in southern China may have subjected to a selection pressure. Based on current knowledge, this pressure may have been driven by a pathogenic selection.

  7. Reagents for Lithium Electrodes and Sensors for Blood Serum Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary D. Christian

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available The measurement of lithium in blood serum requires high selectivity since the blood contains about 140 mM sodium compared to the 0.5-1.5 mM lithium level in manic depressive patients under treatment with lithium salts. This review traces the development of optical and potentiometric methods for the selective measurement of lithium in the presence of sodium. Selectivities of over 1,000:1 are achievable with properly designed ionophores.

  8. Effect of Probiotics on Serum Biochemical and Blood Constituents in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    28, 35 and 42 days of age, and analyzed for total protein, albumin and globulin concentration, and the albumin: globulin ratio computed. ... Conclusion: Salmonella challenge affects serum albumin, globulin and GOT enzyme. The results obtained ..... of SE infection on layers' production performance, egg quality and blood ...

  9. Correlation of the association of serum lactate, random blood sugar ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-09-21

    Sep 21, 2015 ... Alonge T. Correlation of the association of serum lactate, random blood sugar, and revised trauma score as predictors of outcome in hemodynamically unstable abdominal emergencies. Niger J Clin Pract 2016;19:196-200. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative. Commons ...

  10. The relationship between serum cortisol, adrenaline, blood glucose ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Stress is an extremely adaptive phenomenon in human beings and cortisol is a known stress hormone. Examination has been described as a naturalistic stressor capable of affecting human health. Objectives: To estimate the relationship between serum cortisol, adrenaline, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and ...

  11. Blood and serum biochemistry of omentopexed West African Dwarf ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the blood and serum biochemistry following peritoneum sutured and not sutured techniques of laparotomy sutures in omentopexed WAD goats. Twentyfive male WAD goats were randomly divided into 5 groups (A – E). In group A, peritoneum was not sutured, while in group B, the peritoneum was ...

  12. Linkage disequilibrium between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II and HLA-G--possible implications for human reproduction and autoimmune disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, Thomas Vauvert F; Christiansen, Ole B

    2005-01-01

    A line of investigation indicates that one or several genes in the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) influences reproductive success. Studies have revealed associations between human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II genes and risk of recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) and pre......-eclampsia. However, these genes are not expressed at the feto-maternal interface. Furthermore, associations between polymorphisms in the nonclassical HLA class Ib gene, HLA-G, and reproductive outcome have been demonstrated. HLA-G is expressed by extravillous trophoblast during pregnancy, making it a more obvious...... candidate gene for a possible influence on pregnancy outcome. HLA-G has immunomodulatory functions. We have studied linkage disequilibrium between HLA class II genes, primarily HLA-DRB1 alleles, and HLA-G alleles in women with RSA and their partners (n = 103) and in control women and their partners (n = 92...

  13. Detection of HLA-G on human extravillous cytotrophoblast and skeletal muscle with a new monoclonal antibody MEM-G/1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lodererová, A; Honsová, E; Viklický, O

    2003-01-01

    Using immunohistochemistry with the newly available monoclonal antibody MEM-G/1 the reaction patterns on frozen and formaldehyde-fixed paraffin-embedded sections on human placentas, lymph nodes, skeletal muscles, and kidney and liver allografts were compared. HLA-G (a nonclassical major histocompatibility complex class I molecule that is assumed to influence the immune response during pregnancy and some pathological conditions) was found within human extravillous cytotrophoblast but not within villous cytotrophoblast and placental mesenchymal tissue. No HLA-G expression on human lymph nodes, tonsils, and kidney and liver allografts was demonstrated. However, HLA-G expression was observed in all samples of skeletal muscle. The binding capacity of monoclonal antibody MEM-G/1 provides new possibilities to study physiological and pathophysiological roles of HLA-G in humans.

  14. Genetic diversity of the HLA-G coding region in Amerindian populations from the Brazilian Amazon: a possible role of natural selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes-Junior, C T; Castelli, E C; Meyer, D; Simões, A L; Donadi, E A

    2013-12-01

    HLA-G has an important role in the modulation of the maternal immune system during pregnancy, and evidence that balancing selection acts in the promoter and 3'UTR regions has been previously reported. To determine whether selection acts on the HLA-G coding region in the Amazon Rainforest, exons 2, 3 and 4 were analyzed in a sample of 142 Amerindians from nine villages of five isolated tribes that inhabit the Central Amazon. Six previously described single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified and the Expectation-Maximization (EM) and PHASE algorithms were used to computationally reconstruct SNP haplotypes (HLA-G alleles). A new HLA-G allele, which originated in Amerindian populations by a crossing-over event between two widespread HLA-G alleles, was identified in 18 individuals. Neutrality tests evidenced that natural selection has a complex part in the HLA-G coding region. Although balancing selection is the type of selection that shapes variability at a local level (Native American populations), we have also shown that purifying selection may occur on a worldwide scale. Moreover, the balancing selection does not seem to act on the coding region as strongly as it acts on the flanking regulatory regions, and such coding signature may actually reflect a hitchhiking effect.

  15. Preimplantation Factor (PIF Promotes HLA-G, -E, -F, -C Expression in JEG-3 Choriocarcinoma Cells and Endogenous Progesterone Activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miya Soukaina Hakam

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aims: Pregnancy success requires mandatory maternal tolerance of the semi/ allogeneic embryo involving embryo-derived signals. Expression levels of PreImplantation Factor (PIF, a novel peptide secreted by viable embryos, correlate with embryo development, and its early detection in circulation correlates with a favourable pregnancy outcome. PIF enhances endometrial receptivity to promote embryo implantation. Via the p53 pathway, it increases trophoblast invasion, improving cell survival / immune privilege. PIF also reduces spontaneous and LPS-induced foetal death in immune naïve murine model. We examined PIF effect on gene expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA-G, -E -F and –C and the influence of PIF on local progesterone activity in JEG-3 choriocarcinoma cells. Methods: PIF and progesterone (P4 effects on JEG-3 cells surface and intracellular HLA molecules was tested using monoclonal antibodies, flow cytometry, and Western blotting. PIF and IL17 effects on P4 and cytokines secretion was determined by ELISA. PIF and P4 effects on JEG-3 cells proteome was examined using 2D gel staining followed by spot analysis, mass spectrometry and bioinformatic analysis. Results: In cytotrophoblastic JEG-3 cells PIF increased intracellular expression of HLA-G, HLA-F, HLA-E and HLA-C and surface expression of HLA-G, HLA-E and HLA-C in dose and time dependent manner. In case of HLA-E, -F results were confirmed also by Western blot. Proteome analysis confirmed an increase in HLA-G, pro-tolerance FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs, coagulation factors and complement regulator. In contrast, PIF reduced PRDX2 and HSP70s to negate oxidative stress and protein misfolding. PIF enhanced local progesterone activity, increasing steroid secretion and the receptor protein. It also promoted the secretion of the Th1/Th2 cytokines (IL-10, IL-1β, IL-8, GM-CSF and TGF-β1, resulting in improved maternal signalling. Conclusion: PIF can generate a pro

  16. GPER mediated estradiol reduces miR-148a to promote HLA-G expression in breast cancer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tao, Sifeng, E-mail: taosifeng@aliyun.com; He, Haifei; Chen, Qiang; Yue, Wenjie

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • E2 induces the level of miR-148a in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. • GPER mediates the E2-induced increase of miR-148a in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. • E2-GPER regulates the expression of HLA-G by miR-148a. - Abstract: Breast cancer is the most common malignant diseases in women. miR-148a plays an important role in regulation of cancer cell proliferation and cancer invasion and down-regulation of miR-148a has been reported in both estrogen receptor (ER) positive and triple-negative (TN) breast cancer. However, the regulation mechanism of miR-148a is unclear. The role of estrogen signaling, a signaling pathway is important in development and progression of breast cancer. Therefore, we speculated that E2 may regulate miR-148a through G-protein-coupled estrogen receptor-1 (GPER). To test our hypothesis, we checked the effects of E2 on miR-148a expression in ER positive breast cancer cell MCF-7 and TN cancer cell MDA-MB-231. Then we used GPER inhibitor G15 to investigate whether GPER is involved in regulation of E2 on miR-148a. Furthermore, we analyzed whether E2 affects the expression of HLA-G, which is a miR-148a target gene through GPER. The results showed that E2 induces the level of miR-148a in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells, GPER mediates the E2-induced increase in miR-148a expression in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells and E2-GPER regulates the expression of HLA-G by miR-148a. In conclusion, our findings offer important new insights into the ability of estrogenic GPER signaling to trigger HLA-G expression through inhibiting miR-148a that supports immune evasion in breast cancer.

  17. Effects of blood collection conditions on ovarian cancer serum markers.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason D Thorpe

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Evaluating diagnostic and early detection biomarkers requires comparing serum protein concentrations among biosamples ascertained from subjects with and without cancer. Efforts are generally made to standardize blood processing and storage conditions for cases and controls, but blood sample collection conditions cannot be completely controlled. For example, blood samples from cases are often obtained from persons aware of their diagnoses, and collected after fasting or in surgery, whereas blood samples from some controls may be obtained in different conditions, such as a clinic visit. By measuring the effects of differences in collection conditions on three different markers, we investigated the potential of these effects to bias validation studies.We analyzed serum concentrations of three previously studied putative ovarian cancer serum biomarkers-CA 125, Prolactin and MIF-in healthy women, women with ovarian cancer undergoing gynecologic surgery, women undergoing surgery for benign ovary pathology, and women undergoing surgery with pathologically normal ovaries. For women undergoing surgery, a blood sample was collected either in the clinic 1 to 39 days prior to surgery, or on the day of surgery after anesthesia was administered but prior to the surgical procedure, or both. We found that one marker, prolactin, was dramatically affected by collection conditions, while CA 125 and MIF were unaffected. Prolactin levels were not different between case and control groups after accounting for the conditions of sample collection, suggesting that sample ascertainment could explain some or all of the previously reported results about its potential as a biomarker for ovarian cancer.Biomarker validation studies should use standardized collection conditions, use multiple control groups, and/or collect samples from cases prior to influence of diagnosis whenever feasible to detect and correct for potential biases associated with sample collection.

  18. The balance of the immune system between HLA-G and NK cells in unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion and polymorphisms analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arjmand, Fateme; Ghasemi, Nasrin; Mirghanizadeh, Seyed Ali; Samadi, Morteza

    2016-06-01

    Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G is involved in immunoregulatory processes and particularly in pathogenesis of inflammatory disorders such as recurrent spontaneous abortions (RSA). The purpose of the current study was to examine whether two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of HLA-G gene (rs1736936 and HLA-G*0105N) influence susceptibility to recurrent spontaneous abortion. Genomic DNA from 117 RSA patients and 117 normal fertile control individuals was isolated using the salted out method. The two single nucleotide polymorphisms in HLA-G gene were analyzed using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Differences between the two groups were analyzed by SPSS19 software using Chi-square test. The results revealed a significant increase in HLA-G*0105N allele in the proportion of whole group of RSA women compared with fertile controls (P value = 0.015), OR (95 % CI) = 2.054 (1.798-2.347), as well as an absence of homozygosity for HLA-G*0105N in the study population. No significant difference was observed between the RSA and the fertile groups in terms of alleles and genotypes frequency of rs1736936 (P value = 0.323), OR (95 CI %) = 1.056 (0.844-1.319). The presented data suggest that the investigated HLA-G*0105N allele is potentially associated with RSA through linkage disequilibrium with other genetic elements. Meanwhile, the rs1736936 SNP do not predispose to RSA in the study population.

  19. Blood serum components and serum protein test of Hybro-PG broilers of different ages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    PRL Silva

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Blood serum samples of HYBRO PG broilers were analyzed, with 30 samples collected from 21-day-old broilers (G1, 30 from 35-day-old birds (G2, and 30 from 42-day-old birds (G3, with the aim of establishing normal values of some blood serum parameters. The activities of the enzymes gamma-glutamyl-transferase (GGT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, creatine kinase (CK, alkaline phosphatase (ALP, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH, serum levels of total calcium, calcium ion, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium, chlorides, creatinine, uric acid, triglycerides, cholesterol, total protein, albumin, total and indirect and direct bilirubin, and electrophoretic profile of serum proteins in acrylamide (SDS-PAGE and agarose gel were determined. There was no influence of age on total bilirubin and albumin levels. All the other evaluated parameters presented differences in at least one age group. Protein electrophoretic profile also changed as a function of age. The obtained results can be considered as normal for the studied ages, and therefore be used as references for the interpretation of laboratory exams of broilers of this genetic line in the evaluated ages.

  20. Greater expression of the human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) and interleukin-17 (IL-17) in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: analytical cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, Lidyane Neves; Reginaldo, Fernanda Priscila Santos; Souza, Daliana Maria Berenice Oliveira; Soares, Christiane Pienna; Silva, Tarsia Giabardo Alves; Rocha, Keyla Borges Ferreira; Jatobá, Carlos André Nunes; Donadi, Eduardo Antonio; Andrade, Joanlise Marco Leon; Gonçalves, Ana Katherine Silveira; Crispim, Janaína Cristiana Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    Impaired local cell immunity seems to contribute towards the pathogenesis and progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), but the underlying molecular mechanisms promoting its progression remain unclear. Identification of new molecular markers for prognosis and diagnosis of early-stage CIN may aid in decreasing the numbers of CIN cases. Several novel immunoregulatory molecules have been discovered over the past few years, including the human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G), which through interaction with its receptors exerts important tolerogenic functions. Several lines of evidence suggest that T-helper interleukin-17 (IL-17)-producing cells (Th17 cells) may play a role in antitumor immunity. However, recent reports have implicated Th17 cells and their cytokines in both pro and anti-tumorigenic processes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the roles of HLA-G and Th17 in the immunopathogenesis of CIN I. Analytical cross-sectional study with a control group using 58 cervical specimens from the files of a public university hospital providing tertiary-level care. We examined HLA-G and IL-17 expression in the cervical microenvironment by means of immunohistochemistry, and correlated these findings with clinical and pathological features. There was a greater tendency towards HLA-G and IL-17 expression in specimens that showed CIN I, thus suggesting that these molecules have a contribution towards cervical progression. These findings suggest that HLA-G and IL-17 expression may be an early marker for assessing the progression of cervical lesions.

  1. Soluble HLA-G and HLA-E Levels in Bone Marrow Plasma Samples Are Related to Disease Stage in Neuroblastoma Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Morandi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The role of nonclassical HLA-class Ib molecules HLA-G and HLA-E in the progression of Neuroblastoma (NB, the most common pediatric extracranial solid tumor, has been characterized in the last years. Since BM infiltration by NB cells is an adverse prognostic factor, we have here analyzed for the first time the concentration of soluble (sHLA-G and HLA-E in bone marrow (BM plasma samples from NB patients at diagnosis and healthy donors. sHLA-G and sHLA-E are present in BM plasma samples, and their levels were similar between NB patients and controls, thus suggesting that these molecules are physiologically released by resident or stromal BM cell populations. This hypothesis was supported by the finding that sHLA-G and sHLA-E levels did not correlate with BM infiltration and other adverse prognostic factors (MYCN amplification and age at diagnosis. In contrast, BM plasma levels of both molecules were higher in patients with metastatic disease than in patients with localized NB, thus suggesting that concentration of these molecules might be correlated with disease progression. The prognostic role of sHLA-G and sHLA-E concentration in the BM plasma for NB patients will be evaluated in future studies, by analyzing the clinical outcome of the same NB patients at follow-up.

  2. Relationship between the HLA-G 14 bp insertion/deletion polymorphism and susceptibility to autoimmune disease: a meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, S K; Jeong, K H; Kang, I J; Chung, J H; Shin, M K; Lee, M H

    2015-12-03

    Numerous studies have investigated the potential relationship between the human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-G 14-bp insertion/deletion (INS/DEL) polymorphisms and autoimmune disease (AID). However, published results are inconclusive. Our aim was to determine whether the 14-bp INS/DEL polymorphism in the HLA-G gene contributes to the risk of AID. A systemic literature search of the PubMed and EMBASE databases was conducted to identify eligible studies investigating the association of the HLA-G 14-bp INS/DEL polymorphism with AID. Our analysis included 11 publications involving a total of 6462 individuals. Overall, no significant association between the HLA-G 14-bp INS/DEL polymorphism and AID was detected in any comparison model. Further subgroup analyses based on AID types and ethnicity also revealed no significant associations. Our results suggest that the HLA-G 14-bp INS/DEL polymorphism is unrelated to the development of AID. Further studies including larger sample sizes are warranted to confirm these results.

  3. Blood serum glycoproteins in men exposed to carbon disulfide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bobnis, W.; Kosmider, K.; Millo, B.; Wojcicki, J.

    1980-01-01

    In 48 men occupationally exposed to CS2 the following glycoproteins were estimated in blood serum, using radial immunodiffusion on M-Partigen plates: alpha1-acid glycoprotein, alpha1-antitrypsin, alpha2-HS-glycoprotein, alpha2-macroglobulin, Gc glycoprotein, hemopexin, haptoglobin, ceruluplasmin and beta2-glycoprotein I. The studies indicated a highly statistically significant increase of: alpha1-acid--glycoprotein and Gc glycoprotein, and decrease of: alpha1-antitrypsins, alpha2-HS--glycoprotein and beta2-glycoprotein. The level of the remaining glycoproteins was normal.

  4. Serum Albumin Domain Structures in Human Blood Serum by Mass Spectrometry and Computational Biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belsom, Adam; Schneider, Michael; Fischer, Lutz; Brock, Oliver; Rappsilber, Juri

    2016-03-01

    Chemical cross-linking combined with mass spectrometry has proven useful for studying protein-protein interactions and protein structure, however the low density of cross-link data has so far precluded its use in determining structures de novo. Cross-linking density has been typically limited by the chemical selectivity of the standard cross-linking reagents that are commonly used for protein cross-linking. We have implemented the use of a heterobifunctional cross-linking reagent, sulfosuccinimidyl 4,4'-azipentanoate (sulfo-SDA), combining a traditional sulfo-N-hydroxysuccinimide (sulfo-NHS) ester and a UV photoactivatable diazirine group. This diazirine yields a highly reactive and promiscuous carbene species, the net result being a greatly increased number of cross-links compared with homobifunctional, NHS-based cross-linkers. We present a novel methodology that combines the use of this high density photo-cross-linking data with conformational space search to investigate the structure of human serum albumin domains, from purified samples, and in its native environment, human blood serum. Our approach is able to determine human serum albumin domain structures with good accuracy: root-mean-square deviation to crystal structure are 2.8/5.6/2.9 Å (purified samples) and 4.5/5.9/4.8Å (serum samples) for domains A/B/C for the first selected structure; 2.5/4.9/2.9 Å (purified samples) and 3.5/5.2/3.8 Å (serum samples) for the best out of top five selected structures. Our proof-of-concept study on human serum albumin demonstrates initial potential of our approach for determining the structures of more proteins in the complex biological contexts in which they function and which they may require for correct folding. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD001692. © 2016 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

  5. Bone marrow-infiltrating human neuroblastoma cells express high levels of calprotectin and HLA-G proteins.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Morandi

    Full Text Available Metastases in the bone marrow (BM are grim prognostic factors in patients with neuroblastoma (NB. In spite of extensive analysis of primary tumor cells from high- and low-risk NB patients, a characterization of freshly isolated BM-infiltrating metastatic NB cells is still lacking. Our aim was to identify proteins specifically expressed by metastatic NB cells, that may be relevant for prognostic and therapeutic purposes. Sixty-six Italian children over 18 months of age, diagnosed with stage 4 NB, were included in the study. Metastatic NB cells were freshly isolated from patients' BM by positive immunomagnetic bead manipulation using anti-GD2 monoclonal antibody. Gene expression profiles were compared with those obtained from archived NB primary tumors from patients with 5 y-follow-up. After validation by RT-qPCR, expression/secretion of the proteins encoded by the up-regulated genes in the BM-infiltrating NB cells was evaluated by flow cytometry and ELISA. Compared to primary tumor cells, BM-infiltrating NB cells down-modulated the expression of CX3CL1, AGT, ATP1A2 mRNAs, whereas they up-regulated several genes commonly expressed by various lineages of BM resident cells. BM-infiltrating NB cells expressed indeed the proteins encoded by the top-ranked genes, S100A8 and A9 (calprotectin, CD177 and CD3, and secreted the CXCL7 chemokine. BM-infiltrating NB cells also expressed CD271 and HLA-G. We have identified proteins specifically expressed by BM-infiltrating NB cells. Among them, calprotectin, a potent inflammatory protein, and HLA-G, endowed with tolerogenic properties facilitating tumor escape from host immune response, may represent novel biomarkers and/or targets for therapeutic intervention in high-risk NB patients.

  6. Evaluation of HLA-G 14 bp Ins/Del and +3142G>C Polymorphism with Susceptibility and Early Disease Activity in Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hashemi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose/Background. Mounting evidence designates that HLA-G plays a role in the regulation of inflammatory processes and autoimmune diseases. There are controversial reports concerning the impact of HLA-G gene polymorphism on rheumatoid arthritis (RA. This study was aimed at examining the impact of 14 bp ins/del and +3142G>C polymorphism with susceptibility and early disease activity in RA patients in a sample of the Iranian population. Methods. This case-control study was done on 194 patients with RA and 158 healthy subjects. The HLA-G rs1063320 (+3142G>C and rs66554220 (14 bp ins/del variants were genotype by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFP and PCR method, respectively. Results. The HLA-G +3142G>C polymorphism significantly decreased the risk of RA in codominant (OR = 0.61, 95% CI = 0.38–0.97, p=0.038, GC versus GG; OR = 0.36, 95% CI = 0.14–0.92, p=0.034, CC versus GG, dominant (OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.36–0.87, p=0.011, GC + CC versus GG, and allele (OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.41–0.84, p=0.004, C versus G inheritance models tested. Our finding did not support an association between HLA-G 14 bp ins/del variant and risk/protection of RA. In addition, no significant association was found between the polymorphism and early disease activity. Conclusion. In summary, our results showed that HLA-G +3142G>C gene polymorphism significantly decreased the risk of RA in a sample of the Iranian population.

  7. HLA-G 3’UTR Polymorphisms Impact the Prognosis of Stage II-III CRC Patients in Fluoropyrimidine-Based Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garziera, Marica; Bidoli, Ettore; Cecchin, Erika; Mini, Enrico; Nobili, Stefania; Lonardi, Sara; Buonadonna, Angela; Errante, Domenico; Pella, Nicoletta; D’Andrea, Mario; De Marchi, Francesco; De Paoli, Antonino; Zanusso, Chiara; De Mattia, Elena; Tassi, Renato; Toffoli, Giuseppe

    2015-01-01

    An important hallmark of CRC is the evasion of immune surveillance. HLA-G is a negative regulator of host’s immune response. Overexpression of HLA-G protein in primary tumour CRC tissues has already been associated to worse prognosis; however a definition of the role of immunogenetic host background is still lacking. Germline polymorphisms in the 3’UTR region of HLA-G influence the magnitude of the protein by modulating HLA-G mRNA stability. Soluble HLA-G has been associated to 3’UTR +2960 Ins/Ins and +3035 C/T (lower levels) and +3187 G/G (high levels) genotypes. HLA-G 3’UTR SNPs have never been explored in CRC outcome. The purpose of this study was to investigate if common HLA-G 3’UTR polymorphisms have an impact on DFS and OS of 253 stage II-III CRC patients, after primary surgery and ADJ-CT based on FL. The 3’UTR was sequenced and SNPs were analyzed for their association with survival by Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox models; results underwent internal validation using a resampling method (bootstrap analysis). In a multivariate analysis, we estimated an association with improved DFS in Ins allele (Ins/Del +Ins/Ins) carriers (HR 0.60, 95% CI 0.38–0.93, P = 0.023) and in patients with +3035 C/T genotype (HR 0.51, 95% CI 0.26–0.99, P = 0.045). The +3187 G/G mutated carriers (G/G vs A/A+A/G) were associated to a worst prognosis in both DFS (HR 2.46, 95% CI 1.19–5.05, P = 0.015) and OS (HR 2.71, 95% CI 1.16–6.63, P = 0.022). Our study shows a prognostic and independent role of 3 HLA-G 3’UTR SNPs, +2960 14-bp INDEL, +3035 C>T, and +3187 A>G. PMID:26633805

  8. O papel do gene e da molécula HLA-G na expressão clínica das doenças reumatológicas The role of the HLA-G gene and molecule on the clinical expression of rheumatologic diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claiton Viegas Brenol

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available O antígeno leucocitário humano G (HLA-G é uma molécula não clássica de complexo principal de histocompatibilidade (MHC de classe I, caracterizada por baixo polimorfismo em sua região codificadora, um padrão de distribuição tecidual limitado em condições fisiológicas e expressão por meio de isoformas solúveis e acopladas à superfície de membranas por meio de splicing alternativo. O HLA-G é bastante conhecido por estar envolvido na indução e na manutenção da tolerância entre o sistema imunológico materno e o feto semialogênico ao nível da interface fetoplacentária. Além disso, diversos estudos apontam para um papel imunorregulatório mais amplo dessa molécula. Neste contexto, a expressão de HLA-G em doenças inflamatórias e reumatológicas é uma área relativamente recente de pesquisa. Os primeiros estudos descreveram a expressão de HLA-G em várias miopatias inflamatórias, dermatite atópica e psoríase cutânea. Com base nos achados de que o HLA-G poderia desviar respostas T helper para o tipo Th2, foi levantada a hipótese de que o HLA-G seria uma molécula protetora nas respostas inflamatórias. Neste artigo, revisamos os potenciais papéis da molécula HLA-G no sistema imunológico e em diversas doenças reumatológicas, tais como lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, artrite reumatoide, esclerose sistêmica e outrasHuman leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G is a non-classic class I major histocompatibility complex (MHC molecule characterized by low polymorphism in its coding region, a limited tissue distribution pattern in physiologic conditions, and expression through soluble isoforms and isoforms bound to surface membranes through alternative splicing. HLA-G is fairly known since it is involved in induction and maintenance of tolerance between the maternal immunologic system and the semi-allogeneic fetus at the level of the fetal-placental interface. Besides, several studies have indicated a wider immunoregulatory role of

  9. Intercriteria analysis of calorimetric data of blood serum proteome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krumova, Sashka; Todinova, Svetla; Mavrov, Deyan; Marinov, Pencho; Atanassova, Vassia; Atanassov, Krassimir; Taneva, Stefka G

    2017-02-01

    Biological microcalorimetry has entered into a phase where its potential for disease diagnostics is readily recognized. A wide variety of oncological and immunological disorders have been characterized by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and characteristic thermodynamic profiles were reported. Now the challenge before DSC is not the experimental data collection but the development of analysis protocols for reliable data stratification/classification and discrimination of disease specific features (calorimetric markers). In this work we apply InterCriteria Analysis (ICA) approach combined with Pearson's and Spearman's correlation analysis to a large dataset of calorimetric and biochemical parameters derived for the serum proteome of patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma (MM). We have identified intercriteria dependences that are general for the various types of MM and thus can be regarded as a characteristic of this largely heterogeneous disease: strong contribution of the monoclonal (M) protein concentration to the excess heat capacity of the immunoglobulins-assigned thermal transition; shift of the albumin assigned calorimetric transition to allocation where it overlaps with the globulins assigned transition and strong shift of the globulins assigned transition temperature attributable to M proteins conformational changes. Our data justify the applicability of ICA for deciphering of the complex thermodynamic behavior of the MM blood serum proteome. The applied approach is suitable for more general application in the analysis of biocalorimetric data since it can help identify the biological relevance of the distinguished thermodynamic features observed for variety of diseases. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Ekspresi Human Leukocyte Antigen-G (HLA-G dan Heat-Shock Protein-70 (Hsp-70 pada Pertumbuhan Janin Terhambat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Sulistyowati

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Intra uterine growth retardation (IUGR is one of the leading causes of higher morbidity and mortality in perinatal. Immune maladaptation affects trophoblast invasion and spiralis arteria remodeling that will cause placental tissue hypoxia. This research aimed to analyze human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G and heat-shock protein-70 (Hsp-70 expression on the IUGR trophoblast and normal pregnancy, by applying analytical observational method and cross sectional approach. This research was conducted at the Obstetric and Gynecology Department of Dr. Moewardi Hospital Surakarta from November to December 2011. The total samples were 30, divided into two groups. There were 15 samples trophoblast on IUGR and 15 samples trophoblast from normal pregnancy. All samples were tested for HLA-G and Hsp-70 using immunohistochemistry. The data were analyzed by using t-test. The mean of HLA-G expression on the IUGR groups was 32.42±8.90 and on the normal pregnancy groups was 43.92±14.91 (p=0.016. Heat-shock protein70 expression on the IUGR groups was 2.4355+0.26647 and on the normal pregnancy groups was 1.5920+0.17142 with p=0.008. In conclusion, in IUGR, the HLA-G expression is lower and the Hsp-70 expression is higher than in normal pregnancy.

  11. Human HLA-G+ extravillous trophoblasts: Immune-activating cells that interact with decidual leukocytes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tilburgs, Tamara; van der Zwan, Anita; Rybalov, Basya; Raj, Towfique; Stranger, Barbara; Gardner, Lucy; Moffett, Ashley; Strominger, Jack L.

    2015-01-01

    Invading human leukocyte antigen-G+ (HLA‐G+) extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) are rare cells that are believed to play a key role in the prevention of a maternal immune attack on foreign fetal tissues. Here highly purified HLA‐G+ EVT and HLA‐G− villous trophoblasts (VT) were isolated. Culture on fibronectin that EVT encounter on invading the uterus increased HLA‐G, EGF-Receptor-2, and LIF-Receptor expression on EVT, presumably representing a further differentiation state. Microarray and functional gene set enrichment analysis revealed a striking immune-activating potential for EVT that was absent in VT. Cocultures of HLA‐G+ EVT with sample matched decidual natural killer cells (dNK), macrophages, and CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were established. Interaction of EVT with CD4+ T cells resulted in increased numbers of CD4+CD25HIFOXP3+CD45RA+ resting regulatory T cells (Treg) and increased the expression level of the Treg-specific transcription factor FOXP3 in these cells. However, EVT did not enhance cytokine secretion in dNK, whereas stimulation of dNK with mitogens or classical natural killer targets confirmed the distinct cytokine secretion profiles of dNK and peripheral blood NK cells (pNK). EVT are specialized cells involved in maternal–fetal tolerance, the properties of which are not imitated by HLA‐G–expressing surrogate cell lines. PMID:26015573

  12. Greater expression of the human leukocyte antigen-G (HLA-G and interleukin-17 (IL-17 in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia: analytical cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidyane Neves Miranda

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE:Impaired local cell immunity seems to contribute towards the pathogenesis and progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN, but the underlying molecular mechanisms promoting its progression remain unclear. Identification of new molecular markers for prognosis and diagnosis of early-stage CIN may aid in decreasing the numbers of CIN cases. Several novel immunoregulatory molecules have been discovered over the past few years, including the human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G, which through interaction with its receptors exerts important tolerogenic functions. Several lines of evidence suggest that T-helper interleukin-17 (IL-17-producing cells (Th17 cells may play a role in antitumor immunity. However, recent reports have implicated Th17 cells and their cytokines in both pro and anti-tumorigenic processes. The aim of the study was to evaluate the roles of HLA-G and Th17 in the immunopathogenesis of CIN I.DESIGN AND SETTING:Analytical cross-sectional study with a control group using 58 cervical specimens from the files of a public university hospital providing tertiary-level care.METHODS:We examined HLA-G and IL-17 expression in the cervical microenvironment by means of immunohistochemistry, and correlated these findings with clinical and pathological features.RESULTS:There was a greater tendency towards HLA-G and IL-17 expression in specimens that showed CIN I, thus suggesting that these molecules have a contribution towards cervical progression.CONCLUSION:These findings suggest that HLA-G and IL-17 expression may be an early marker for assessing the progression of cervical lesions.

  13. Evaluation of NK cell level and HLA-G1 expression in peripheral blood in threatened-abortion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeideh Sadat Shobeiri

    2015-05-01

    Conclusion: Decreasing of human leukocyte antigen-G1 expression with increasing of natural killer cells level in threatened-abortion pregnant women is an indicator of mother's immune system dysregulation in comparison with control group. Therefore, it is concluded that in the threatened-abortion pregnant women, human leukocyte antigen-G1 expression level with natural killer cells percent as diagnostic marker must be determine.

  14. Homotypic aggregation of human cell lines by HLA class II-, class Ia- and HLA-G-specific monoclonal antibodies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Odum, Niels; Ledbetter, J A; Martin, P

    1991-01-01

    adhesion between T and B cells by activating the CD18/CD11a (LFA-1) adhesion pathway. Here we report that monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against HLA-DR (L243, p4.1, HB10a, VI15) and certain broad class II reacting mAb (TU35, TU39), but not anti-DQ (TU22, Leu-10) mAb, induced homotypic aggregation of human......, but not the class I-negative parental line, 221, showed homotypic aggregation in response to an HLA-G specific mAb (87G) and a broad reacting class I-specific mAb (IOT2). Both cell lines responded with aggregation to anti-class II mAb (TU35). The anti-class I mAb, W6/32, had no effect on all cell lines tested......Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II molecules have been implicated in cell adhesion in two ways. In addition to the well-established role of class II antigens in low-affinity adhesion provided by interactions between class II and CD4, recent data indicated that class II may also induce...

  15. Polymorphism in the regulatory region located more than 1.1 kilobases 5' to the start site of transcription, the promoter region, and exon 1 of the HLA-G gene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hviid, T V; Sørensen, Steen; Morling, N

    1999-01-01

    in certain disorders of pregnancy. We have studied the DNA sequences of the putative regulatory region located more than 1.1 kilobases 5' from the start site of transcription (a 244 bp HindIII/EcoRI fragment) of the HLA-G gene and of the promoter region to detect any possible polymorphism. We detected one...... into two groups based on the detected polymorphism. The nucleotide substitutions may have implications for the binding of nuclear factors to the regulatory regions. To our knowledge this is the first study of any polymorphism in the 5'-flanking sequences to the HLA-G gene. Further studies are needed......The non-classic Human Leucocyte Antigen class Ib molecule, HLA-G, is expressed on the invasive, extra-villous cytotrophoblast in human placenta. HLA-G protects against natural killer (NK)-cell-mediated lysis and may modulate the secretion of cytokines. Aberrant expression of HLA-G has been reported...

  16. Absence of the HLA-G*0105N allele in Amerindian populations from the Brazilian Amazon Region: a possible role of natural selection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mendes-Junior, C T; Castelli, E C; Simões, A L; Donadi, E A

    2007-10-01

    The human leukocyte antigen G (HLA-G) null allele (G*0105N) is defined by a DeltaC deletion at exon 3. Its high frequency in populations from areas with high pathogen loads and the putative role of HLA-G in placental development suggest that the reduced G1 expression in G*0105N heterozygous placentas may improve the intrauterine defense against infections. The G*0105N allele frequencies were evaluated in 143 Amerindians from six isolated tribes that inhabit the Central Amazon to determine the existence of genotype frequencies that suggest balancing selection in favor of G*0105N heterozygotes. No copy of the null allele was found by exon 3 sequencing. Although this finding may be because of demographic or other selective factors, it also suggests no evidence of G*0105N heterozygous advantage.

  17. Molécula HLA-G y su importancia en la inmunorregulación de la unidad feto-materna. Aplicaciones en inmunoterapia celular

    OpenAIRE

    Macedo Pereira, Jacqueline

    2016-01-01

    OBJETIVOS El objetivo principal de esta tesis doctoral consiste en determinar la presencia de la proteína HLA-G en la superficie celular de células madre CD34/CD133, células dendríticas mieloides y plasmacitoides, células dendríticas derivadas de células CD34/CD133 y derivadas de monocitos de sangre de cordón umbilical y sangre periférica materna, por técnicas de citometría de flujo y la expresión de la proteína HLA-G soluble en plasma de sangre de cordón umbilical por técnicas de ELISA. MATE...

  18. ERBB2 gene amplification increases during the transition of proximal EGFR(+) to distal HLA-G(+) first trimester cell column trophoblasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meinhardt, G; Kaltenberger, S; Fiala, C; Knöfler, M; Pollheimer, J

    2015-08-01

    Although, DNA copy-number alterations (CNAs) have been well documented in a number of adverse phenotypic conditions, accumulating data suggest that CNAs also occur during physiological processes. Interestingly, extravillous trophoblasts induce the expression of the transforming, proto-oncogene ERBB2, which is frequently amplified in human cancer. However, no data are available to address whether trophoblast-related ERBB2 expression might also be linked to genomic amplification. Dual color silver as well as fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses were carried out to evaluate frequency and degree of ERBB2 gene and chromosome 17 copy numbers in first trimester placental cell columns and isolated trophoblasts. Proliferative EGFR(+) and differentiated HLA-G(+) trophoblasts were identified or separated by means of in situ immunofluorescence co-stainings and magnetic beads cell isolation, respectively. ERBB2 gene amplification is detected in approximately 40% of isolated HLA-G(+) trophoblasts. Although already detectable in EGFR(+) cells, the percentage and extent of ERBB2 amplification was markedly increased in HLA-G(+) trophoblasts in situ and after isolation. Accordingly, HLA-G(+) trophoblasts highly express ERBB2 on protein level. Finally, ERBB2 copy number variations occur independently of aneuploidy as the majority of ERBB2 amplifying cells were cytogenetically diploid for chromosome 17. ERBB2 gene amplification is a frequent event during EVT differentiation. This finding challenges the long standing paradigm, which associates gene amplification with pathological conditions and further supports recent evidences suggesting that CNAs are a normal feature of developmental processes. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  19. Human Umbilical Cord Blood Serum: Effective Substitute of Fetal Bovine Serum for Culturing of Human Multipotent Mesenchymal Stromal Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanov, Yu A; Balashova, E E; Volgina, N E; Kabaeva, N V; Dugina, T N; Sukhikh, G T

    2017-02-01

    Optimal conditions for culturing of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells in the presence of pooled umbilical cord blood serum were determined. It was found that umbilical cord blood serum in a concentration range of 1-10% effectively supported high viability and proliferative activity of cells with unaltered phenotype and preserved multilineage differentiation capacity. The proposed approach allows avoiding the use of xenogenic animal sera for culturing of multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells and creates prerequisites for designing and manufacturing safe cellular and/or acellular products for medical purposes.

  20. Relation between serum folate status and blood mercury concentrations in pregnant women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Hyesook; Kim, Ki-Nam; Hwang, Ji-Yun; Ha, Eun-Hee; Park, Hyesook; Ha, Mina; Kim, Yangho; Hong, Yun-Chul; Chang, Namsoo

    2013-03-01

    To evaluate the relation between maternal serum folate status and blood mercury in pregnant Korean women. The nutritional status of folate and the blood mercury concentration were measured in pregnant Korean women who participated in a multicenter prospective study from 2006 through 2011. We analyzed existing blood mercury data based on serum folate status at two gestational time points (mid and late pregnancy, n = 1105 and 841, respectively). Serum folate concentrations in pregnant women were negatively associated with blood mercury concentrations at mid and late pregnancy (P trend = 0.012 and 0.002, respectively). A general linear model developed after adjusting for covariates indicated a significant negative association between the two at mid and late pregnancy. We found a negative association between serum folate and blood mercury concentrations in pregnant Korean women. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Effects of blood sample handling procedures on measurable inflammatory markers in plasma, serum and dried blood spot samples

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skogstrand, K.; Thorsen, P.; Vogel, I.

    2008-01-01

    , and 30 days at the same temperatures. 27 inflammatory markers in serum and plasma and 25 markers in DBSS were measured by a previously validated multiplex sandwich immunoassay using Luminex xMAP technology. The measurable concentrations of several cytokines in serum and plasma were significantly......The interests in monitoring inflammation by immunoassay determination of blood inflammatory markers call for information on the stability of these markers in relation to the handling of blood samples. The increasing use of stored biobank samples for such ventures that may have been collected...... increased when blood samples were stored for a period of time before the centrifugation, for certain cytokines more than 1000 fold compared to serum and plasma isolated and frozen immediately after venepuncture. The concentrations in serum generally increased more than in plasma. The measurable...

  2. Evaluation of HLA-G 14-bp ins/del and +3142G>C polymorphisms with susceptibility to recurrent spontaneous abortion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemi, Mohammad; Mokhtari, Mojgan; Khazaeian, Safura; Bahari, Gholamreza; Rezaei, Maryam; Nakhaee, Alireza; Taheri, Mohsen

    2017-06-01

    HLA-G is critically important for successful implantation during pregnancy. Increasing evidence supposed that HLA-G plays a key role in tolerance of the semi-allogeneic graft in pregnancy by inhibiting the cytotoxic functions of T and NK cells. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of HLA-G rs1063320 (+3142G>C) and 14-bp insertion (ins)/deletion (del) polymorphisms on recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA). Genomic DNA from 93 RSA patients and 93 normal fertile women was isolated using the salting out method. Genotyping of HLA-G +3142G>C and 14-bp ins/del variants was done by polymerase chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFP) and PCR method, respectively. The HLA-G +3142G>C polymorphism increased the risk of RSA in codominant (OR = 2.39, 95%CI = 1.27-4.49, p = 0.010, GC vs GG; OR = 3.28, 95%CI = 1.16-9.72, p = 0.040, CC vs GG) and dominant (OR = 2.52, 95%CI = 1.37-4.64, p = 0.004, GC + CC vs GG) tested inheritance models. HLA-G rs1063320 C allele was associated with increased risk of RSA (OR = 1.84, 95%CI = 1.20-2.83, p = 0.007). The del/del genotype as well as del allele of 14-bp ins/del variant increased that risk of RSA (OR = 3.02, 95%CI = 1.23-7.41, p = 0.025 and OR = 1.65, 95%CI = 1.09-2.50, p = 0.022, respectively). In summary, our results showed that HLA-G gene polymorphisms significantly increased the risk of RSA in a sample of the Iranian population. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  3. Genetic polymorphism in HLA-G 3'UTR 14-bp ins/del and risk of cancer: a meta-analysis of case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tao; Huang, Haohai; Liao, Dan; Ling, Huahuang; Su, Bingguang; Cai, Maode

    2015-08-01

    Accumulating evidence has suggested that the human leucocyte antigen-G (HLA-G) 14 bp ins/del polymorphism might be related to cancer susceptibility. However, epidemiologic findings have been inconsistent. Therefore, we performed a meta-analysis of case-control study to derive a more precise estimation of this association. Electronic databases were searched to identify all eligible studies of HLA-G 14 bp ins/del polymorphism and cancer risk. Odds ratios (ORs) with 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate the strength of the association in fixed-effects model or random-effects model according to heterogeneity. Publication bias, sensitivity analysis and subgroup analyses based on cancer type, ethnicity, source of controls and sample size were also performed. A total of 14 case-control studies, involving 2,757 cases and 3,972 controls, were included in the present meta-analysis. The pooled analysis showed that there is no significant relationship between the HLA-G 14 bp ins/del polymorphism and cancer susceptibility under the genetic models (for the allele model del vs. ins: OR 1.13, 95 % CI 1.00-1.27; for the homozygote comparison model del/del vs. ins/ins: OR 1.22, 95 % CI 0.95-1.56; for the dominant model del/del + ins/del vs. ins/ins: OR 1.15, 95 % CI 0.94-1.42; for recessive model del/del vs. ins/del + ins/ins: OR 1.13, 95 % CI 0.96-1.34; respectively). Subgroup analyses indicated significant association among breast cancer, population based control and the large sample size group in some genetic models. Our investigations demonstrate that genotypes for the HLA-G 14 bp ins/del polymorphism may be not associated with overall cancer risk. In a subgroup meta-analysis, however, HLA-G 14-bp ins/del polymorphism might contribute to breast cancer susceptibility.

  4. Study of Total Antioxidant Activity of Human Serum Blood in the Pathology of Alcoholism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evgeniy V. Plotnikov

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The total antioxidant activity (TAA of human serum blood of patients suffering from alcoholism was tested by cathode voltammetry with a model process of oxygen electroreduction. A known spectrophotometrical method was used for comparison. As results the total antioxidant activity of serum blood of patients with alcoholism was estimated by voltammetry during therapy in hospital. It was shown the TAA of serum blood of patients in pathology before and after treatment is lower than that one of healthy people. However, during the process of 10 days of alcoholism treatment the TAA coefficient increases. The relationship between the coefficient of total antioxidant activity of human serum blood and the stage of treatment was detected.

  5. Blood-Serum Proteins of Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus (Mammalia: Rodentia) in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    Nuri YİĞİT; VERİMLİ, Reyhan; ÇOLAK, Ercüment; SÖZEN, Mustafa

    2001-01-01

    The blood serum proteins of 35 live specimens of Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus collected from ten localities in Turkey were examined by SDS-PAGE (sodium dodecyl sulphate - polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis). Globulin, albumin, postalbumin, and prealbumin proteins in blood serum showed different electrophoretic patterns in populations of R. rattusand R. norvegicus.Because of the variations in electrophoretic patterns of both species, these patterns do not seem to be diagnostic char...

  6. Effect of occupational lead-exposure on blood pressure, serum aldosterone level and plasma renin activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shouman, A E; El-Safty, I A

    2000-01-01

    Numerous observations have indicated a relationship between lead exposure and elevated blood pressure. The present study aims to investigate the association between occupational lead-exposure and elevated blood pressure as well as serum aldosterone level and plasma renin activity as parameters affecting blood pressure. Fifty occupationally lead-exposed (16 males and 34 females) and 50 non-exposed (15 males and 34 females) workers were selected after application of certain exclusion criteria. All workers were admitted to complete clinical examination, including standard blood pressure measurement. Also, blood lead level, serum aldosterone concentration and plasma renin activity were estimated. The results of both occupationally lead-exposed males and females demonstrated no significant differences regarding age, work duration, systolic and diastolic blood pressures when compared to occupationally non-exposed males and females; respectively. In addition, occupationally lead-exposed males and females revealed a significant increase in blood lead level and serum aldosterone concentration in comparison to their controls. Moreover, plasma renin activity is significantly decreased among the lead-exposed male workers while it is significantly increased among the lead-exposed female workers in comparison to their controls. It is concluded that serum aldosterone level and plasma renin activity are affected by occupationally low-level of lead exposure, and the present study provide further support for the association between blood lead exposure and blood pressure related hormones.

  7. Effect of Probiotics on Serum Biochemical and Blood Constituents in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To examine the effects of two commercial probiotics (Toyocerin and CloSTAT) on serum enzyme activities, and hematological and biochemical indices of broiler chickens challenged with Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium (ST). Methods: The chicks received one of the following treatments at 0 day of age: ...

  8. Effect of Probiotics on Serum Biochemical and Blood Constituents in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To examine the effects of two commercial probiotics (Toyocerin and CloSTAT) on serum enzyme activities, and hematological and biochemical indices of broiler chickens challenged with. Salmonella enterica serovars Typhimurium (ST). Methods: The chicks received one of the following treatments at 0 day of age: ...

  9. Unveiling the Peptide Motifs of HLA-C and HLA-G from Naturally Presented Peptides and Generation of Binding Prediction Matrices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Marco, Moreno; Schuster, Heiko; Backert, Linus; Ghosh, Michael; Rammensee, Hans-Georg; Stevanović, Stefan

    2017-10-15

    The classical HLA-C and the nonclassical HLA-E and HLA-G molecules play important roles both in the innate and adaptive immune system. Starting already during embryogenesis and continuing throughout our lives, these three Ags exert major functions in immune tolerance, defense against infections, and anticancer immune responses. Despite these important roles, identification and characterization of the peptides presented by these molecules has been lacking behind the more abundant HLA-A and HLA-B gene products. In this study, we elucidated the peptide specificities of these HLA molecules using a comprehensive analysis of naturally presented peptides. To that end, the 15 most frequently expressed HLA-C alleles as well as HLA-E*01:01 and HLA-G*01:01 were transfected into lymphoblastoid C1R cells expressing low endogenous HLA. Identification of naturally presented peptides was performed by immunoprecipitation of HLA and subsequent analysis of HLA-bound peptides by liquid chromatographic tandem mass spectrometry. Peptide motifs of HLA-C unveil anchors in position 2 or 3 with high variances between allotypes, and a less variable anchor at the C-terminal end. The previously reported small ligand repertoire of HLA-E was confirmed within our analysis, and we could show that HLA-G combines a large ligand repertoire with distinct features anchoring peptides at positions 3 and 9, supported by an auxiliary anchor in position 1 and preferred residues in positions 2 and 7. The wealth of HLA ligands resulted in prediction matrices for octa-, nona-, and decamers. Matrices were validated in terms of their binding prediction and compared with the latest NetMHC prediction algorithm NetMHCpan-3.0, which demonstrated their predictive power. Copyright © 2017 by The American Association of Immunologists, Inc.

  10. A Survey On Ionic And Metabolite Factors Of Blood Serum In Kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Afkhami Majid

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, ionic parameters and metabolite factors (cholesterol, total protein, and glucose of serum and their interrelationships were detected in 48 specimens of kutum (Rutilus frisii kutum captured during spawning migration. Blood sampling was conducted by cutting the caudal peduncle of each sample, and blood was collected into heparinized and sterile capillary glass tubes.

  11. The choriocarcinoma cell line JEG-3 upregulates regulatory T cell phenotypes and modulates pro-inflammatory cytokines through HLA-G

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melsted, Wenna Nascimento; Matzen, Sara Hyldig; Andersen, Mads Hald

    2017-01-01

    -inflammatory cytokines IFN-γ, TNF-α and IL-17A. When JEG-3 cells were stimulated with rhIFN-γ prior to co-culture, CD4+HLA-G+ T cells were significantly increased, and IFN-γ and TNF-α elevated. Taken together, the results indicate that JEG-3 cells upregulate regulatory T cell phenotypes and modulate the level of pro......-inflammatory cytokines, which might be important mechanisms in the tumor microenvironment and at the feto-maternal interface during pregnancy....

  12. Auto-Immune Hemolytic Anemia in Patient who his Serum React with all ABO Blood Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Pourazar

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available There are several irregular antibodies associated with various blood group systems which may cause some problems during blood cross matching in transfusion. The atypical antibodies are included auto and alloantibodies such as anti-I, anti-HI, anti-P… . In order to detect these antibodies, generally the agglutination reaction technique and anti-human-globulin (coombs tests would be performed and a panel of identified red blood cells will use if necessary for further investigation. During our work, we encountered with one serum sample that showed agglutination reaction with all the blood groups (A, B, O, and AB. We tested pooled red blood cells with OI group of adult and pooled cord red blood cells of Oi group with the patient serum. it was shown that the serum was reactive with OI but not with Oi. For confirmation of the result, the sample was sent to Institute of Immunohematology (I.I.H., India. The report approved that the serum contained anti-I specificity. To solve the transfusion problem for this patient, the recommendation is using the blood group with minimum coombs titration if the patient life is in threatened. Further investigations disclosed that the patient had leukemia. Keywords: Anti-I, Ii antigen, Allo-Autoantibody.

  13. μPAD Fluorescence Scattering Immunoagglutination Assay for Cancer Biomarkers from Blood and Serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baynes, Cayla; Yoon, Jeong-Yeol

    2017-09-01

    A microfluidic paper analytical device (μPAD) was created for the sensitive quantification of cancer antigens, carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9), from human whole blood and serum, toward diagnosis and prognosis of colorectal cancer. Anti-CEA and anti-CA 19-9 antibodies were covalently linked to submicron, fluorescent polystyrene particles, loaded, and then dried in the center of the μPAD channel. CEA- or CA 19-9-spiked blood or serum samples were loaded to the inlet of μPAD, and subsequent immunoagglutination changed the fluorescent scatter signals upon ultraviolet (UV) excitation. The total assay time was about 1 min. Detection limits were 1 pg/mL for CEA and 0.1 U/mL for CA 19-9 from both 10% diluted blood and undiluted serum. The use of UV excitation and subsequent fluorescence scattering enabled much higher double-normalized intensities (up to 1.28-3.51, compared with 1.067 with the elastic Mie scatter detection), successful detection in the presence of blood or serum, and distinct multiplex assays with minimum cross-reaction of antibodies. The results with undiluted serum showed the larger dynamic range and smaller standard errors, which can be attributed to the presence of serum proteins, functioning as a stabilizer or a passivating protein for the particles within paper fibers.

  14. The relationship between serum cortisol, adrenaline, blood glucose ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Quimica Clinica Applicada. SA Spain) was included in each assay to evaluate the assay method and technique. Analytical Method: Blood glucose was analyzed using the enzymetic meth- od of Trinder9. The method of Fossati and Prencipe10 and Mc-. Gowan et al11 which involve the enzymatic hydroly- sis of triglyceride to ...

  15. Concentration of amoxicillin in maternal serum, cord blood, amniotic fluid and the placenta after vaginal administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaręba-Szczudlik, Julia; Romejko-Wolniewicz, Ewa; Lewandowski, Zbigniew; Różańska, Hanna; Czajkowski, Krzysztof

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the amoxicillin concentration in maternal serum, cord blood, amniotic fluid and the placenta, 2 h following vaginal administration and the factors influencing the drug level. Twenty-eight full-term pregnant women who qualified for elective cesarean delivery were included in the study. Vaginal suppositories containing 250 mg of amoxicillin were administered 2 h prior to the operation. Amoxicillin levels were determined using the diffusion microbial assay. The amoxicillin level in amniotic fluid was significantly higher in comparison to that of maternal serum, cord blood or the placenta. Maternal age positively and gestational weight gain negatively correlated with the amoxicillin concentration in maternal serum. The maternal serum hemoglobin level and red blood cell count were positively correlated with amoxicillin concentration in the amniotic fluid. Neonatal birth weight was positively correlated with maternal serum and cord blood amoxicillin levels. Hypertensive women had significantly higher amoxicillin concentrations in amniotic fluid, and women with thrombocytopenia presented significantly higher cord blood amoxicillin concentrations. Amoxicillin presented poor concentration in maternal-fetal compartments after vaginal administration, but the factors influencing the drug level in different compartments require further investigation.

  16. Osteodifferentiated Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Bone Marrow and Adipose Tissue Express HLA-G and Display Immunomodulatory Properties in HLA-Mismatched Settings: Implications in Bone Repair Therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florent Montespan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs are multipotent cells that can be obtained from several sources such as bone marrow and adipose tissue. Depending on the culture conditions, they can differentiate into osteoblasts, chondroblasts, adipocytes, or neurons. In this regard, they constitute promising candidates for cell-based therapy aimed at repairing damaged tissues. In addition, MSCs display immunomodulatory properties through the expression of soluble factors including HLA-G. We here analyse both immunogenicity and immunosuppressive capacity of MSCs derived from bone marrow and adipose tissue before and after osteodifferentiation. Results show that HLA-G expression is maintained after osteodifferentiation and can be boosted in inflammatory conditions mimicked by the addition of IFN-γ and TNF-α. Both MSCs and osteodifferentiated MSCs are hypoimmunogenic and exert immunomodulatory properties in HLA-mismatched settings as they suppress T cell alloproliferation in mixed lymphocyte reactions. Finally, addition of biomaterials that stimulate bone tissue formation did not modify MSC immune properties. As MSCs combine both abilities of osteoregeneration and immunomodulation, they may be considered as allogenic sources for the treatment of bone defects.

  17. The role of Qa-2, the functional homolog of HLA-G, in a Behcet's disease-like mouse model induced by the herpes virus simplex

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Park Kyung

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It has been suggested that the HLA-G molecule is a genetic risk factor for Behcet's disease (BD. In this study, we evaluated the level of Qa-2, a murine nonclassical class I MHC molecule and possible functional homolog of HLA-G, to determine if it was associated with various symptoms of BD-like mice. In addition, we investigated siRNA (small interfering RNA treatment to determine if it inhibited Qa-2 expression, thereby changing the symptoms of mice. Methods RNA interference (RNAi and vector transfection were employed to manipulate gene expression in vivo in mice. siRNA (small interfering RNA or Qa-2 expression vector was applied to inhibit or up-regulate Qa-2 expression, respectively. Results The Qa-2 levels in granulocytes were lower in BD-like mice than in normal controls. The silencing of Qa-2 by intravenous injection of siRNA (500 nmol/mouse, 4 times at 3-day intervals specifically reduced the Qa-2 levels and worsened the BD-like symptoms. Conclusions Silencing Qa-2 by injecting siRNA into mice resulted in deterioration of symptoms in BD-like mice.

  18. The human amnion is a site of MHC class lb expression: Evidence for the expression of HLA-E and HLA-G

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Houlihan, J.M.; Harper, H.M.; Jenkinson, H.J. [Univ. of Bristol (United Kingdom)] [and others

    1995-06-01

    The expression of HLA class I Ag by term human amnion epithelial cells was investigated. In immunostaining and FACS analysis, mAb to monomorphic class I Ag reacted extensively with amnion cells, whereas polymorphic mAb reactivity was more limited and variable. Further studies were conducted on amnion cell preparations containing negligible contaminants. Northern analysis with use of locus-specific probes demonstrated that amnion expresses two class lb genes, HLA-E and HLA-G. Radio-immunoprecipitation with use of monomorphic mAb identified two fully glycosylated cell surface class I H chains of 44 and 41 kDa; polymorphic mAbs failed to immunoprecipitate the 41-kDa product, although 44-kDa products, typical of class la Ag, were identified in some preparations. Class I H chains were isolated from amnion by affinity chromatography. Microsequencing revealed that the first nine residues of the N-terminus of the 41-kDa product aligned perfectly only with HLA-E. Overall, amnion at term appears to express class lb Ag with limited class la Ag. HLA-G is therefore expressed in two extrafetal epithelia: amnion and trophoblast. Identification of the class lb protein HLA-E-E in amnion epithelium may have implications for preterm labor that can be associated with infection of the placental membranes. 44 refs., 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  19. The genom of enteroviruses in the blood serum of patients with acute stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andryushkova N.G.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Objective of the study was determination of enterovirus genom presence in the blood serum of patients with acute stroke by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. The blood serum of 72 patients with acute stroke and control group of 30 patients with another vascular disease was studied to reveal genom of enteroviruses. Detection of enterovirus RNA was performed by PCR using the reverse transcription. Viruses were isolated on HeLa and HEp-2 cell lines. The enterovirus genom detected by PCR was in 17 of 72 samples of the tested serum in the research group (23,6±5,0%. In the control group only one serum was PCR-positive for enteroviruses (3,3±3,2%. Cytopathogenic agents were isolated in HEp-2 and HeLa cell lines from 11 PCR-positive samples of blood serum from the experimental group of patients. No viruses were isolated from the remaining PCR-positive and PCR-negative sera. The presence of enteroviruses in the blood of patients with acute stroke suggests etiopathogenetical link between them. The introduction of PCR to detect enteroviral agents in patients with acute stroke can complement existing methods of diagnosis.

  20. Proteolytic activity of IgGs from blood serum of wistar rats at experimental rheumatoid arthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. Ya. Kit

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to study the proteolytic activity of IgGs purified from blood serum of Wistar rats at experimental rheumatoid arthritis (ERA induced by an injection of bovine collagen of type II. Twenty rats were immunized with a preparation of bovine collagen II (Sigma-Aldrich, USA in the presence of complete Freund’s adjuvant. ERA development was determined by inflammation in limbs of treated animals. IgG preparations were isolated from blood serum of immunized and non-immunized animals by precipitation of antibodies with 33% ammonium sulfate followed by chromatography on the Protein G-Sepharose column. Human histone H1, bovine collagen II, calf thymus histones, myelin basic protein (MBP, bovine serum albumin (BSA, and bovine casein were used as substrates of the proteolytic activity of IgGs. It was found that IgG preparations from blood serum of rats with ERA were capable of cleaving histone H1 and MBP, however, they were catalytically inactive towards collagen II, casein, BSA, and core histones. IgGs from blood serum of non-immunized rats were proteolytically inactive towards all used protein substrates. Thus, we demonstrated that immunization of rats with bovine collagen II induced IgG-antibodies possessing the proteolytic activity towards histone H1 and MBP. This activity might be associated with the development of inflammatory processes in the immunized rats.

  1. Identification of Central Nervous System Proteins in Human Blood Serum and Plasma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miroshnichenko, Yu V; Petushkova, N A; Teryaeva, N B; Lisitsa, A V; Zgoda, V G; Belyaev, A Yu; Potapov, A A

    2015-11-01

    Mass-spectrometric identification of proteins in human blood plasma and serum was performed by comparing mass-spectra of fragmented peptides using Swiss-Prot and UniProtKB databases of amino acid sequences. After choosing the appropriate identification conditions we found that combination of spectrum search parameters are optimal for identification of CNS proteins. In the studied plasma and serum samples, 9 proteins involved into pathological processes in the nervous tissue were identified; 7 of them were identified in both plasma and serum.

  2. Dried blood spot analysis of gabapentin as a valid alternative for serum: a bridging study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadones, Nele; Van Bever, Elien; Van Bortel, Luc; Lambert, Willy E; Stove, Christophe P

    2017-01-05

    We evaluated the applicability of a validated GC-MS method for the determination of gabapentin in dried blood spots (DBS). Important for the acceptance of DBS sampling as an alternative sampling strategy is the possibility to base solid conclusions on the quantification. Therefore, bridging studies -studies in which the correlation between both DBS and a reference matrix (e.g. serum) is evaluated statistically- need to be conducted. To this end, a comparative study was set up to quantify gabapentin in both blood (DBS) and serum samples. Statistically significant differences between DBS and serum concentrations were found (pblood-to-serum ratio of 0.85 was observed, which is in line with expectations. Calculated serum concentrations (obtained by dividing the DBS concentrations by 0.85) demonstrated a good correlation with measured serum concentrations, with 87% of samples fulfilling the criterion for incurred sample reanalysis. Furthermore, our data indicate a good correlation between capillary and venous concentrations. Conclusively, this study demonstrated that DBS are a valid alternative to serum for the determination of gabapentin. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Assessing the challenges of Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic analysis of blood serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hughes, Caryn; Brown, Michael; Clemens, Graeme; Henderson, Alex; Monjardez, Geraldine; Clarke, Noel W; Gardner, Peter

    2014-04-01

    There are many approaches to measuring the infrared spectrum of a blood serum sample. Naturally, each approach will have both advantages and disadvantages. We report on the progress of the application of infrared spectroscopy in the field of blood serum analysis towards clinical application, with a focus on prostate cancer. In order to perform a high-powered study with clinical relevance, choosing the most suitable approach must undergo careful consideration. We review the possibilities of using different sample preparation methods and speculate upon the potential pitfalls of both transmission and attenuated total reflectance (ATR) techniques. Copyright © 2014 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim

  4. Determination of Ochratoxin A in small volumes of human blood serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köller, G; Rolle-Kampczyk, U; Lehmann, I; Popp, P; Herbarth, O

    2004-05-25

    A new simple and rapid method for analysing Ochratoxin A (OTA) in small volumes of human blood serum using capillary zone electrophoresis coupled to laser-induced fluorescence is described. The clean-up procedure solely consists of a double extraction step. To improve the reproducibility of migration times and quantification, two internal standards were used. The limit of detection was 0.55 ng/ml, with a linear range of 1-100 ng/ml of OTA in spiked human blood serum. The method is used to rapidly screen suspected patients.

  5. Relationship between serum estrogen levels and blood stasis syndrome in postmenopausal women with coronary heart disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xin; Guo, Chunyu; Ma, Xiaojuan; Tian, Rui; Zhang, Ying; Yin, Huijun

    2015-01-01

    To investigate the difference of serum estrogen, serum lipids and inflammatory factors levels in postmenopausal women with coronary heart blood stasis syndrome and non-blood stasis syndrome. Twenty five healthy postmenopausal women were selected as a healthy control group who were compared with 43 postmenopausal women with coronary heart disease (CHD) first visiting a doctor for the CHD. Among the postmenopausal women with CHD, There were 23 patients with blood stasis syndrome (BSS) and 20 patients with non-blood stasis syndrome (NBSS). The levels of plasma triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC) were determined in blood samples taken after patients' admission in Beijing Anzhen Hospital. The serum estradiol(E2) was measured by electrochemiluminescence assay and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1(sICAM-1) was measured by enzyme-linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA). Compared with the healthy control group, the levels of TG and TC, sICAM-1 in coronary heart disease group were all significantly increased (P0.05), and there was an increasing trend of serum sICAM-1 levels (P>0.05). There were negative significant correlations between serum E2 levels and TC, sICAM-1 levels in patient with coronary heart disease. The estrogen level of menopausal women with coronary heart disease is lower than healthy menopausal women. With the low estrogen levels, postmenopausal women tend to have high levels of blood lipids and sICAM-1, which elucidates that the estrogen could regulate lipids and attenuate inflammatory response to play a protective role on blood vessels.

  6. Promoter polymorphisms of the HLA-G gene, but not the HLA-E and HLA-F genes, is associated with non-segmental vitiligo patients in the Korean population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Su Kang; Hong, Mi Sook; Shin, Min Kyung; Uhm, Yoon Kyung; Chung, Joo-Ho; Lee, Mu-Hyoung

    2011-11-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether or not promoter polymorphisms of the class I major histocompatibility complex (HLA-E, HLA-F, and HLA-G) are associated with susceptibility to vitiligo. To identify a possible association with vitiligo, 241 patients with non-segmental vitiligo (NSV) and 395 healthy controls were recruited in this study. Three promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs1264459 of HLA-E, rs9258170 of HLA-F, and rs1736936 of HLA-G) were analyzed using a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) technique and direct sequencing. Multiple logistic regression models (co-dominant 1, co-dominant 2, dominant, recessive, and log-additive models) were applied for odds ratios (ORs), 95% confidence intervals (CIs), and P values. To obtain the defined results, P values were recalculated by a Bonferroni correction. After the Bonferroni correction, the genotype of the SNP (rs1736936) of HLA-G was shown to have significant association with NSV (P = 0.045 in the recessive model). The genotype frequencies of the HLA-G SNP (rs1736936) had a significant correlation with the age of onset of NSV (P = 0.016 in the co-dominant 1 model and P = 0.027 in the dominant model). Our results suggest that HLA-G, but not HLA-E and HLA-F, may be associated with susceptibility to NSV in the Korean population.

  7. Chromium and cobalt ion concentrations in blood and serum following various types of metal-on-metal hip arthroplasties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jantzen, Christopher; Jørgensen, Henrik L; Duus, Benn R

    2013-01-01

    Widely different metal ion concentrations in blood and serum have been reported with metal-on-metal (MoM) implants. We reviewed the literature on blood and serum ion concentrations of chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) following various MoM hip arthroplasties.......Widely different metal ion concentrations in blood and serum have been reported with metal-on-metal (MoM) implants. We reviewed the literature on blood and serum ion concentrations of chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) following various MoM hip arthroplasties....

  8. Association Between Serum Levels of Uric Acid and Blood Pressure Tracking in Childhood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Bohyun; Lee, Hye Ah; Lee, Sung Hee; Park, Bo Mi; Park, Eun Ae; Kim, Hae Soon; Cho, Su Jin; Park, Hyesook

    2017-07-01

    Recent studies suggest that high levels of serum uric acid of very early life are a result of the in-utero environment and may lead to elevated blood pressure (BP) in adulthood. However, serum uric acid levels can change throughout life. We investigated the effect of serum uric acid levels in childhood on the BP tracking and analysed BP according to changes in serum uric acid levels in early life. A total of 449 children from the Ewha Birth and Growth Cohort study underwent at least 2 follow-up examinations. Data were collected across 3 check-up cycles. Serum uric acid levels, BP, and anthropometric characteristics were assessed at 3, 5, and 7 years of age. Children with a serum uric acid level higher than the median values had significantly increased systolic BP (SBP) and diastolic BP at 3 years of age. Baseline serum uric acid levels measured at 3 years of age, significantly affected subsequent BP in the sex and body mass index adjusted longitudinal data analysis (P uric acid over time, subjects with high uric acid levels at both 3 and 5 years of age had the highest SBP at 7 years of age. These findings suggest the importance of maintaining an adequate level of serum uric acids from the early life. Appropriate monitoring and intervention of uric acid levels in a high-risk group can reduce the risk of a future increased BP.

  9. Baseline blood trihalomethanes, semen parameters and serum total testosterone: a cross-sectional study in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Qiang; Li, Min; Xie, Shao-Hua; Gu, Long-Jie; Yue, Jing; Cao, Wen-Cheng; Zheng, Dan; Liu, Ai-Lin; Li, Yu-Feng; Lu, Wen-Qing

    2013-04-01

    Toxicological studies showed that trihalomethanes (THMs), the most abundant classes of disinfection by-products (DBPs) in drinking water, impaired male reproductive health, but epidemiological evidence is limited and inconsistent. This study aimed to examine the associations of baseline blood THMs with semen parameters and serum total testosterone in a Chinese population. We recruited 401 men seeking semen examination from the Reproductive Center of Tongji Hospital in Wuhan, China between April 2011 and May 2012. Baseline blood concentrations of THMs, including chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), dibromochloromethane (DBCM), and bromoform (TBM) were measured using SPME-GC/ECD method. Semen quality and serum total testosterone were analyzed. Multivariable linear regressions were used to assess the associations of baseline blood THM concentrations with semen parameters and serum total testosterone levels. We found that baseline blood THM concentrations were not associated with decrements in sperm motility, sperm straight-line and curvilinear velocity. However, moderate levels of BDCM (β=-0.13 million; 95% CI: -0.22, -0.03) and DBCM (β=-4.74%; 95% CI: -8.07, -1.42) were associated with decreased sperm count and declined sperm linearity compared with low levels, respectively. Suggestive dose-response relationships were also observed between elevated blood TCM or ∑ THMs (sum of TCM, BDCM, DBCM and TBM) concentration and decreased sperm concentration (both p for trend=0.07), and between elevated blood DBCM concentration and decreased serum total testosterone (p for trend=0.07). Our results indicate that elevated THM exposure may lead to decreased sperm concentration and serum total testosterone. However, the effects of THM exposure on male reproductive health still warrant further studies in humans. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Protective effect of lycopene on serum cholesterol and blood pressure: Meta-analyses of intervention trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ried, Karin; Fakler, Peter

    2011-04-01

    Cardiovascular disease is associated with oxidative stress, inflammatory processes, and vascular dysfunction. Lycopene, a carotenoid found in tomatoes, is an antioxidant with a protective effect on lipid peroxidation and anti-atherosclerotic capacity. This review summarises current evidence on the effect of lycopene on serum lipid concentrations and blood pressure. We searched the PubMed and Cochrane databases for intervention studies between 1955 and September 2010 investigating the effect of lycopene on blood lipids or blood pressure for a minimum duration of 2 weeks. We conducted meta-analyses using a random effect model of all studies fitting the inclusion criteria. Additionally, we conducted subgroup meta-analysis of serum lipid concentrations by lycopene dosage and subgroup meta-analysis by baseline blood pressure. Twelve studies (13 trial arms) meeting the inclusion criteria investigated the effect of lycopene on serum lipids, and four studies examined its effect on blood pressure. Meta-analysis on serum lipids revealed a significant cholesterol-lowering effect of lycopene for total serum cholesterol (mean change±SE: -7.55±6.15mg/dl; p=0.02) and low-density-lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (mean change±SE: -10.35±5.64mg/dl, p=0.0003) in the subgroup of trials using lycopene dosages of ≥25mg daily, whereas subgroup meta-analysis of trials using lower lycopene dosages was not significant. Meta-analysis of the effect of lycopene on systolic blood pressure of all trials suggested a significant blood pressure reducing effect (mean systolic blood pressure change±SE: -5.60±5.26mm Hg, p=0.04). Our meta-analysis suggests that lycopene taken in doses ≥25mg daily is effective in reducing LDL cholesterol by about 10% which is comparable to the effect of low doses of statins in patient with slightly elevated cholesterol levels. More research is needed to confirm suggested beneficial effects on total serum cholesterol and systolic blood pressure. Copyright © 2010

  11. Serum selenium concentration in maternal and umbilical cord blood. Relation to course and outcome of pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bro, S; Berendtsen, H; Nørgaard, J

    1988-01-01

    The present knowledge of the role of selenium in human fetal and neonatal development is sparse. In this study we measured serum selenium concentrations in maternal and umbilical cord blood from 500 Danish mothers at delivery, looking for a relationship between various maternal and fetal...

  12. Serum pepsin levels Hiroshima adult health study. Relation to radiation, ABO blood groups, and gastrointestinal diseases

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knittle, J.L.

    1961-07-12

    At the ABCC clinic in Hiroshima 1330 subjects were investigated as to serum pepsin levels over a four month period. The normal mean values compared well with those reported for a United States population using a similar technique. There appeared to be no significant change in serum pepsin level with age, and no difference could be detected among individuals of the ABO blood groups. No relationship was found between serum pepsin level and exposure to ionizing radiation. Patients with gastric and duodenal ulcers had mean levels which were higher than normal mean values, while patients with leukemia had lower than normal mean levels. Patients with gastric polyps and gastric cancer had normal mean values. It is believed that the relation of serum pepsin activity to cancer of the stomach is not settled and deserves further investigation. 23 references, 2 figures, 4 tables.

  13. Measurements of vitamin B12 in human blood serum using resonance Raman spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsiminis, G.; Schartner, E. P.; Brooks, J. L.; Hutchinson, M. R.

    2016-12-01

    Vitamin B12 (cobalamin and its derivatives) deficiency has been identified as a potential modifiable risk factor for dementia and Alzheimer's disease. Chronic deficiency of vitamin B12 has been significantly associated with an increased risk of cognitive decline. An effective and efficient method for measuring vitamin B12 concentration in human blood would enable ongoing tracking and assessment of this potential modifiable risk factor. In this work we present an optical sensor based on resonance Raman spectroscopy for rapid measurements of vitamin B12 in human blood serum. The measurement takes less than a minute and requires minimum preparation (centrifuging) of the collected blood samples.

  14. Concentration of beta-carotene and vitamin A in blood serum of cows in peripartal period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veličković Miljan

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available In a herd of high-productive dairy cows of the Holstein breed, 40 cows were selected for an experiment. The animals were chosen at the period of advanced gravidity. Data on mean values of beta-carotene concentrations in blood serum of the cows show that significantly higher values (p<0.01 were established in advanced gravidity (x=9.53± 3.49 μmol/l in comparison with the values on calving day (x=5.69±3.14 μmol/l and in early puerperium (x=2.25±1.00 μmol/l. The average concentration of vitamin A in blood serum of cows varied approximately the same as the concentration of beta-carotene. The highest average concentration of vitamin A in blood serum of cows was determined in advanced gravidity (x=1.856±0.52 μmol/l, and the lowest in early puerperium (x=0.988±0.31 μmol/l (p<0.05. It can be concluded on the grounds of the results obtained in this work that the average concentration of beta-carotene and vitamin A in blood serum of cows in advanced gravidity and on the day of calving is within the limits of physiological values and in keeping with the values cited in literature, and that concentrations of beta-carotene and vitamin A in blood serum of cows two weeks after calving are significantly lower than the values obtained in advanced gravidity and on the day of calving and are lower than the physiological values most often reported in literature for this animal specie.

  15. The correlation between serum leptin and blood pressure after exposure to noise at work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahma, Muayad S; Mustafa, Bassma Ezzat; Razali, Ailin; Shamsuddin, Niza; Althunibat, Osama Y

    2013-01-01

    Several epidemiologic studies have reported that exposure to noise is associated with cardiovascular disease. The increased body weight is often associated with metabolic as well as increased blood pressure. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the elevation of blood pressure and serum leptin hormones due to the effects of noise in the work place. A total of 80 volunteer males where included in this study with an age range between of 20 and 45 years, they were divided in two groups equally, the 1 st group were exposed to noise in the workplace while the 2 nd group were not. The individual noise exposure was determined by using a sound level meter. The range of noise was 80-100 dBA. Body Mass Index was also taken for each individual by a standard measure, blood pressure was measured by OMRON sphygmomanometer and serum leptin was measured through venous blood sample analysis enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Spearman rank order correlation was used to examine the correlations between Blood pressure value (Systolic, Diastolic) and Leptin. All the relationships between parameters showed a positive correlation. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure values had a significant correlation to leptin hormone level in comparison to the control. There was a significant relation between leptin and blood pressure. leptin effects on the sympathetic nervous system may provide a partial explanation. Therefore, Leptin might have diverse cardiovascular actions.

  16. The correlation between serum leptin and blood pressure after exposure to noise at work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muayad S Rahma

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Several epidemiologic studies have reported that exposure to noise is associated with cardiovascular disease. The increased body weight is often associated with metabolic as well as increased blood pressure. The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between the elevation of blood pressure and serum leptin hormones due to the effects of noise in the work place. A total of 80 volunteer males where included in this study with an age range between of 20 and 45 years, they were divided in two groups equally, the 1 st group were exposed to noise in the workplace while the 2 nd group were not. The individual noise exposure was determined by using a sound level meter. The range of noise was 80-100 dBA. Body Mass Index was also taken for each individual by a standard measure, blood pressure was measured by OMRON sphygmomanometer and serum leptin was measured through venous blood sample analysis enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. Spearman rank order correlation was used to examine the correlations between Blood pressure value (Systolic, Diastolic and Leptin. All the relationships between parameters showed a positive correlation. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure values had a significant correlation to leptin hormone level in comparison to the control. There was a significant relation between leptin and blood pressure. leptin effects on the sympathetic nervous system may provide a partial explanation. Therefore, Leptin might have diverse cardiovascular actions.

  17. Modifications of commercial pressurized solvent extraction (PSE) systems for the analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls in avian whole blood and serum

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Harrison, Christina M; Haskins, Stacey D; Kelly, David G; Weir, Ron D

    2011-01-01

    ...) from avian blood and serum. Blood and serum samples of mass 0.2 g were examined. Such masses are consistent with those which may be obtained from many avian species without sacrificing individuals or compromising breeding and (or) migratory success...

  18. Immunoelectrophoresis - blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    IEP - serum; Immunoglobulin electrophoresis - blood; Gamma globulin electrophoresis; Serum immunoglobulin electrophoresis; Amyloidosis - electrophoresis serum; Multiple myeloma - serum electrophoresis; Waldenström - serum electrophoresis

  19. Effects of acute intraperitoneal administration of tetrazepam on blood glucose level and serum lipids in hyperlipidemic albino rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horák, J; Horák, A; Cuparencu, B

    In rats rendered hyperlipidemic by the i.p. injection of Triton WR-1339, the i.p. administration of tetrazepam, a benzodiazepine (BZD) used mainly as a central myorelaxant, evoked significant reductions of serum lipids and blood glucose level. The dose-response curve was bell-shaped for serum lipids changes, whereas no clear dose-response relationship for blood glucose level modifications could be established. Tetrazepam was less active on serum lipids than other BZDs as diazepam or midazolam.

  20. Determination of serum carbamazepine concentration using dried blood spot specimens for resource-limited settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Saibal; Fleming, Denise H; Mathew, Binu S; Winston A, Blessed; Prabhakar, Appaswamy T; Alexander, Mathew

    2017-04-01

    Carbamazepine (CBZ) is a commonly used anti-epileptic in rural hospitals in India. These hospitals lack the facilities to measure CBZ concentration; however, in larger hospitals this is performed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Dried blood spot (DBS) represents a feasible matrix for safe transportation by post/courier. This study was to determine whether the concentration of CBZ in serum can be predicted from that measured in DBS using an inexpensive HPLC method and inexpensive standard filter paper. CBZ in serum and DBS from 80 epileptic patients were measured using a validated HPLC assay. The data was then randomly divided into two groups; simple Deming regression was performed with the first group and validation was performed using the second. There was a good correlation between the serum and DBS concentrations (r = 0.932) in the first group. The regression equation obtained was: predicted serum concentration = DBS concentration x 0.83 + 1.09. In the validation group, the correlation between the predicted and actual serum concentrations was also good (r = 0.958), and the mean difference between them was only 0.28 μg/ml (p = 0.8062). The imprecision and bias in both the groups were acceptable. Using inexpensive materials, serum CBZ concentrations can be accurately predicted from DBS specimens. This method can be recommended for the therapeutic drug monitoring of CBZ in resource-limited settings.

  1. The Relationship between Cord Blood and Maternal Serum Zinc Levels and Birth Weight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fariba Nanbakhsh

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Examining the relationship between cord blood and maternal serum zinc levels and birth weight.Methods: A total of 127 infant-mother pairs were assigned to study (n = 58; with birth weight < 2500 g and control (n = 69; with birth weight ≥ 2500 g groups. Serum samples were collected from eligible mothers and cord blood of their low birth weight (LBW or normal birth weight (NBW healthy newborns. The inclusion criterion for the infant-mother pairs was lack of any medical complications. Serum zinc level was measured by using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometer method and the results were expressed in μg/dl. The two groups were compared in terms of maternal and cord blood serum zinc levels. Then, we evaluated their association with birth weight of neonates in both groups through Student’s t-test and one-way analysis of variance using SPSS.Results: The study protocol was reviewed and approved by the ethics committee of the Urmia University of Medical Sciences (Ir.umsu.rec.1393.108 1393/04/24. Participants were provided with detailed information about the study and were assured that confidentiality would be maintained at all times. Written consent was obtained prior to data collection.The mean age of the pregnant women was 26.1±5.8 years (age range: 18-40 years. The mean birth weight of the neonates in the two groups was 3275.9±552 kg. Pregnant women with serum zinc levels of higher than 70 μg/dl gave birth to neonates with birth weight higher than 3.5, whereas mothers with serum zinc levels of less than 60 μg/dl gave birth to infants with birth weight less than 3 kg (P=0.034. Mean serum zinc level in the cord blood of LBW group was 79.16±19.86 μg/dl, which was significantly lower than that in the NBW group (95.14±17.56 μg/dl; P

  2. Influence of blood serum selenium on udder health in dairy cows

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Davidov

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine the effect of selenium concentration in early lactation on mammary gland health and histological characteristics of the udder. The experiment included 30 high-yielding Holstein-Friesian cows. Selenium concentrations in blood and milk serum, and the average somatic cell count in the first and sixth months of lactation were analyzed. After exclusion of the experimental cows from the herd, histological characteristics of the udder were examined (the degree of leukocyte infiltration and the number of granulomas in the parenchyma. The mean selenium concentration in the blood serum was 0.62±0.11 mmol/L and that in the milk serum was 0.12±0.07 mmol/L. Optimal blood levels of selenium were found in 19 cows and suboptimal levels in 11 cows. A significant negative correlation was observed between blood and milk selenium concentrations and somatic cell count in early and mid lactation. There was no relationship between blood selenium concentration, milk selenium concentration and the amount of milk produced. Selenium-deficient cows had a significantly higher milk somatic cell count in early and mid lactation and significantly lower levels of selenium in milk. Upon histological analysis, 120 samples of individual quarters of the udder were grouped according to the degree of leukocyte infiltration and number of granulomas. Results showed that an increase in the degree of leukocyte infiltration and number of granulomas leads to an increase in the proportion of quarters from selenium-deficient cows and a decline in the percentage of quarters from cows exhibiting normal blood selenium concentrations. Selenium has a significant impact on udder health. Changes caused by selenium deficiency occur due to marked inflammation process in the mammary gland.

  3. Fractional composition of blood serum lipoproteins in mice and rats with Triton WR 1339-induced lipemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korolenko, T A; Tuzikov, F V; Vasil'eva, E D; Cherkanova, M S; Tuzikova, N A

    2010-10-01

    We compared fractional composition of blood serum lipoproteins (LP) in female ICR mice and Wistar rats induced by single administration of a nonionic detergent Triton WR 1339 in doses of 300 and 500 mg/kg. Lipemia in animals of both species was characterized by a sharp increase in the concentration of cholesterol and, particularly, of triglycerides in blood serum lipoproteins by the 24th hour after administration of the detergent. We revealed a significant increase in the concentrations of atherogenic VLDL cholesterol (due to VLDL2), intermediate density lipoproteins, and LDL. These changes were more pronounced in rats. The model of lipemia can be used to study the role of fractional composition of lipoproteins and, particularly, of triglycerides in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Moreover, this model holds much promise for evaluation of the efficiency of hypolipidemic drugs (statins and fibrates) in normalizing the increased level of atherogenic cholesterol of VLDL and LDL.

  4. Study of serum malondialdehyde and whole blood reduced glutathione in emphysema patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraj R.Shetkar, Anand Pyati, Rajesh CS

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Emphysema is associated with high incidence of morbidity and mortality. The imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants is thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of Emphysema. Methods: A total number of 80 subjects comprising of 40 healthy controls and 40 Emphysema cases were studied. In all the subjects, serum levels of malondialdehyde (MDA as a biomarker of lipid peroxidation and antioxidant whole blood reduced glutathione (GSH were estimated. Results: The level of whole blood reduced glutathione was significantly decreased in emphysema patients when compared to controls. Serum MDA was significantly increased in Emphysema patients when compared to controls. Conclusion: The presence of increased systemic oxidative stress in emphysema patients seems to be associated with current active smoking and systemic inflammation. The decrease in antioxidants levels appears to be mainly a consequence of increased oxidative stress. This suggests that oxidative stress is likely to be involved in pathogenesis of emphysema.

  5. A Systematic Evaluation of Blood Serum and Plasma Pre-Analytics for Metabolomics Cohort Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobard, Elodie; Trédan, Olivier; Postoly, Déborah; André, Fabrice; Martin, Anne-Laure; Elena-Herrmann, Bénédicte; Boyault, Sandrine

    2016-12-05

    The recent thriving development of biobanks and associated high-throughput phenotyping studies requires the elaboration of large-scale approaches for monitoring biological sample quality and compliance with standard protocols. We present a metabolomic investigation of human blood samples that delineates pitfalls and guidelines for the collection, storage and handling procedures for serum and plasma. A series of eight pre-processing technical parameters is systematically investigated along variable ranges commonly encountered across clinical studies. While metabolic fingerprints, as assessed by nuclear magnetic resonance, are not significantly affected by altered centrifugation parameters or delays between sample pre-processing (blood centrifugation) and storage, our metabolomic investigation highlights that both the delay and storage temperature between blood draw and centrifugation are the primary parameters impacting serum and plasma metabolic profiles. Storing the blood drawn at 4 °C is shown to be a reliable routine to confine variability associated with idle time prior to sample pre-processing. Based on their fine sensitivity to pre-analytical parameters and protocol variations, metabolic fingerprints could be exploited as valuable ways to determine compliance with standard procedures and quality assessment of blood samples within large multi-omic clinical and translational cohort studies.

  6. A Systematic Evaluation of Blood Serum and Plasma Pre-Analytics for Metabolomics Cohort Studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elodie Jobard

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The recent thriving development of biobanks and associated high-throughput phenotyping studies requires the elaboration of large-scale approaches for monitoring biological sample quality and compliance with standard protocols. We present a metabolomic investigation of human blood samples that delineates pitfalls and guidelines for the collection, storage and handling procedures for serum and plasma. A series of eight pre-processing technical parameters is systematically investigated along variable ranges commonly encountered across clinical studies. While metabolic fingerprints, as assessed by nuclear magnetic resonance, are not significantly affected by altered centrifugation parameters or delays between sample pre-processing (blood centrifugation and storage, our metabolomic investigation highlights that both the delay and storage temperature between blood draw and centrifugation are the primary parameters impacting serum and plasma metabolic profiles. Storing the blood drawn at 4 °C is shown to be a reliable routine to confine variability associated with idle time prior to sample pre-processing. Based on their fine sensitivity to pre-analytical parameters and protocol variations, metabolic fingerprints could be exploited as valuable ways to determine compliance with standard procedures and quality assessment of blood samples within large multi-omic clinical and translational cohort studies.

  7. Trophic enrichment factors for blood serum in the European badger (Meles meles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David J Kelly

    Full Text Available Ecologists undertaking stable isotopic analyses of animal diets require trophic enrichment factors (TEFs for the specific animal tissues that they are studying. Such basic data are available for a small number of species, so values from trophically or phylogenetically similar species are often substituted for missing values. By feeding a controlled diet to captive European badgers (Meles meles we determined TEFs for carbon and nitrogen in blood serum. TEFs for nitrogen and carbon in blood serum were +3.0 ± 0.4‰ and +0.4 ± 0.1‰ respectively. The TEFs for serum in badgers are notably different from those published for the red fox (Vulpes vulpes. There is currently no data for TEFs in the serum of other mustelid species. Our data show that species sharing similar niches (red fox do not provide adequate proxy values for TEFs of badgers. Our findings emphasise the importance of having species-specific data when undertaking trophic studies using stable isotope analysis.

  8. The Impact of opium consumption on blood glucose, serum lipids and blood pressure, and related mechanisms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Najafipour

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available AbstractAim: Substance abuse has become a universal crisisin our modern age. Among illegal substances, opium and its derivatives have been ranked second in terms of usage after cannabis in the world. In many Asian regions, the use of opium enjoys a high social acceptance; hence, some common people and even medical practitioners believe that opium lowers blood glucose and pressure and treat dyslipidemia. How much this belief is scientifically justified? Method: The results of available studies on both humans and animals searched in different search engines up to mid-2016 were integrated (77 articles. Upon the findings we try to offer a more transparent picture of the effects of opium on the mentioned factors along with the probable underlying mechanisms of its action. Results: Taken together, a variety of evidences suggest that the consumption of opium has no scientific justification for amendment of these biochemical variables. The mechanisms proposed so far for the action of opium in the three above disorders are summarized at the end of the article. Short term effects seems to be mostly mediated through central nervous system (neural and hormonal mechanisms, but long term effects are often due to the structural and functional alterations in some body organs. Conclusion: Although opium may temporarily reduce blood pressure, but it increases blood glucose and most of blood lipids. Moreover its long term use has negative impacts and thus it aggravates diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension. Accordingly, it is necessary to inform societies about the potential disadvantages of unauthorized opium consumption.

  9. Blood serum and BSA, but neither red blood cells nor hemoglobin can support vitellogenesis and egg production in the dengue vector Aedes aegypti

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    Kristina K. Gonzales

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Aedes aegypti is the major vector of dengue, yellow fever and chikungunya viruses that put millions of people in endemic countries at risk. Mass rearing of this mosquito is crucial for strategies that use modified insects to reduce vector populations and transmission of pathogens, such as sterile insect technique or population replacement. A major problem for vector mosquito mass rearing is the requirement of vertebrate blood for egg production since it poses significant costs as well as potential health hazards. Also, regulations for human and animal use as blood source can pose a significant obstacle. A completely artificial diet that supports egg production in vector mosquitoes can solve this problem. In this study, we compared different blood fractions, serum and red blood cells, as dietary protein sources for mosquito egg production. We also tested artificial diets made from commercially available blood proteins (bovine serum albumin (BSA and hemoglobin. We found that Ae. aegypti performed vitellogenesis and produced eggs when given whole bovine blood, serum, or an artificial diet containing BSA. Conversely, egg production was impaired after feeding of the red blood cell fraction or an artificial diet containing only hemoglobin. We also found that egg viability of serum-fed mosquitoes were comparable to that of whole blood and an iron supplemented BSA meal produced more viable eggs than a meal containing BSA alone. Our results indicate that serum proteins, not hemoglobin, may replace vertebrate blood in artificial diets for mass mosquito rearing.

  10. Study of OH● Radicals in Human Serum Blood of Healthy Individuals and Those with Pathological Schizophrenia

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    Wolfgang Linert

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The human body is constantly under attack from free radicals that occur as part of normal cell metabolism, and by exposure to environmental factors such as UV light, cigarette smoke, environmental pollutants and gamma radiation. The resulting “Reactive Oxygen Species” (ROS circulate freely in the body with access to all organs and tissues, which can have serious repercussions throughout the body. The body possesses a number of mechanisms both to control the production of ROS and to cope with free radicals in order to limit or repair damage to tissues. Overproduction of ROS or insufficient defense mechanisms leads to a dangerous disbalance in the organism. Thereby several pathomechanisms implicated in over 100 human diseases, e.g., cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes mellitus, physiological disease, aging, etc., can be induced. Thus, a detailed investigation on the quantity of oxygen radicals, such as hydroxyl radicals (OH● in human serum blood, and its possible correlation with antioxidant therapy effects, is highly topical. The subject of this study was the influence of schizophrenia on the amount of OH● in human serum blood. The radicals were detected by fluorimetry, using terephthalic acid as a chemical trap. For all experiments the serum blood of healthy people was used as a control group.

  11. Perfluorinated chemicals in blood serum of inhabitants in central Poland in relation to gender and age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Góralczyk, Katarzyna; Pachocki, Krzysztof A; Hernik, Agnieszka; Struciński, Paweł; Czaja, Katarzyna; Lindh, Christian H; Jönsson, Bo A G; Lenters, Virissa; Korcz, Wojciech; Minorczyk, Maria; Matuszak, Małgorzata; Ludwicki, Jan K

    2015-11-01

    The goal of this paper is to determine concentrations of seven selected perfluoroalkylated substances (PFASs): perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoDA) in the blood serum of men and women of reproductive age from the central region of Poland. The relation between sex of tested subjects and the levels of compounds in blood serum of humans will also be considered and analysed as an element of the risk assessment. The study was made on the blood serum samples collected from 253 women and 176 men of reproductive age between 20 and 44 years from Warsaw and surrounding areas. Higher concentrations of five (PFOS, PFOA, PFNA, PFDA, PFUnDA) from among seven selected PFASs were observed in men in comparison to women from the same populations. Only the concentrations of PFHxS and PFDoDA were slightly higher in women than in men. These differences were statistically significant in all cases, except for PFUnDA. The hypothesis that the concentrations of said compounds increase with age of the test subjects, regardless of gender has not been confirmed. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Characterization of Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance by Calorimetric Analysis of Blood Serum Proteome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barceló, Francisca; Cerdà, Joan J.; Gutiérrez, Antonio; Jimenez-Marco, Teresa; Durán, M. Antonia; Novo, Andrés; Ros, Teresa; Sampol, Antonia; Portugal, José

    2015-01-01

    Monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) is a premalignant proliferative disorder that may progress to multiple myeloma, a malignant plasma cell neoplasia. We evaluated differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) as an experimental tool for differentiating serum samples of MGUS patients from healthy individuals. DSC thermograms can be used for monitoring changes in the serum proteome associated with MGUS. MGUS patients showed great variability in serum thermogram characteristics, which depended on the IgG, IgA or IgM isotypes and/or the κ or λ light chains. Thermogram feature parameters distinguished patients with MGUS from healthy people. Serum samples, named as non-MGUS, were also collected from patients with subjacent immunological pathologies who were discarded of having MGUS through serum immunofixation. They were used to verify the sensitivity of DSC for discriminating MGUS from related blood dyscrasias. Only some DSC thermogram feature parameters differentiated, to a lesser extent, between MGUS and non-MGUS individuals. We contemplate DSC as a tool for early diagnosis and monitoring of MGUS. PMID:25794164

  13. Maternal homozygocity for a 14 base pair insertion in exon 8 of the HLA-G gene and carriage of HLA class II alleles restricting HY immunity predispose to unexplained secondary recurrent miscarriage and low birth weight in children born to these patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Ole B; Kolte, Astrid M; Dahl, Mette

    2012-01-01

    Homozygous carriage of a 14 base pair (bp) insertion in exon 8 of the HLA-G gene may be associated with low levels of soluble HLA-G and recurrent miscarriage (RM). We investigated the G14bp insertion(ins)/deletion(del) polymorphism in 339 women with unexplained RM and 125 control women. In all...

  14. Change of serum, ear effusion inflammatory mediators and blood immune indexes of patients with secretory otitis media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bo Liu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the change state of serum, ear effusion inflammatory mediators and blood immune indexes of patients with secretory otitis media. Methods: A total of 70 patients with secretory otitis media in our hospital from January 2014 to August 2015 were selected as the observation group and 70 healthy persons in the same period were selected as the control group. Then, the serum, ear effusion inflammatory mediators and blood immune indexes of observation group and the blood indexes of control group were detected, and the serum inflammatory mediators and blood immune indexes of two groups were compared and the detection results of observation group with different classification and effusion property patients were compared too. Results: The serum inflammatory mediators of observation group were all higher than those of control group and the blood immune indexes were all worse than those of control group. While the serum and ear effusion inflammatory mediators and blood immune indexes of observation group with different classification and effusion property patients all had significant differences. Conclusions: The serum, ear effusion inflammatory mediators and blood immune indexes of patients with secretory otitis media show abnormal state, and the differences of those indexes of patients with different classification and effusion property have significant differences. So the detection values of those indexes in the patients are higher.

  15. Smoking, blood pressure and serum cholesterol-effects on 20-year mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houterman, Saskia; Verschuren, W M Monique; Kromhout, Daan

    2003-01-01

    To study the impact of smoking and blood pressure conditional on serum total cholesterol levels, we investigated the 20-year mortality risk associated with high systolic blood pressure (> or =140 mmHg) and smoking, at low ( or =6.5 mmol/Liter) serum total cholesterol levels. The study population comprised a cohort of 50,000 men and women age 30-54 years, examined between 1974 and 1980, in five Dutch towns. The duration of follow-up averaged 20 years. Age-adjusted relative risks (RRs) for mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD), cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and all causes were estimated, for six risk profiles (based on levels of total cholesterol, systolic blood pressure and smoking), using Cox proportional hazards analysis. Given a low cholesterol level, smoking had a larger impact than elevated blood pressure on CHD, CVD and all-cause mortality. The combination of elevated blood pressure and smoking among persons with low cholesterol was associated with RRs of 3.0 for CHD, 6.0 for CVD and 4.1 for all-cause mortality in men, and 2.3, 3.6 and 2.6, respectively, in women. Among persons with high cholesterol, the combination of high blood pressure and smoking was associated with RRs of 9.7 for CHD, 13.9 for CVD and 5.7 for all-cause mortality in men, and 15.9, 9.3 and 4.3, respectively, in women. For each risk profile, the absolute number of CHD, CVD and total deaths was larger in men than in women. The results demonstrate the potential power of a multifactorial approach to risk factor reduction in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and all-cause mortality.

  16. Multi-mycotoxin analysis using dried blood spots and dried serum spots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osteresch, Bernd; Viegas, Susana; Cramer, Benedikt; Humpf, Hans-Ulrich

    2017-05-01

    In this study, a rapid multi-mycotoxin approach was developed for biomonitoring and quantification of 27 important mycotoxins and mycotoxin metabolites in human blood samples. HPLC-MS/MS detection was used for the analysis of dried serum spots (DSS) and dried blood spots (DBS). Detection of aflatoxins (AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2, AFM1), trichothecenes (deoxynivalenol, DON; DON-3-glucoronic acid, DON-3-GlcA; T-2; HT-2; and HT-2-4-GlcA), fumonisin B1 (FB1), ochratoxins (OTA and its thermal degradation product 2'R-OTA; OTα; 10-hydroxychratoxin A, 10-OH-OTA), citrinin (CIT and its urinary metabolite dihydrocitrinone, DH-CIT), zearalenone and zearalanone (ZEN, ZAN), altenuene (ALT), alternariols (AOH; alternariol monomethyl ether, AME), enniatins (EnA, EnA1, EnB, EnB1) and beauvericin (Bea) was validated for two matrices, serum (DSS), and whole blood (DBS). HPLC-MS/MS analysis showed signal suppression as well as signal enhancement due to matrix effects. However, for most analytes LOQs in the lower pg/mL range and excellent recovery rate were achieved using matrix-matched calibration. Besides validation of the method, the analyte stability in DBS and DSS was also investigated. Stability is a main issue for some analytes when the dried samples are stored under common conditions at room temperature. Nevertheless, the developed method was applied to DBS samples of a German cohort (n = 50). Besides positive findings of OTA and 2'R-OTA, all samples were positive for EnB. This methodical study establishes a validated multi-mycotoxin approach for the detection of 27 mycotoxins and metabolites in dried blood/serum spots based on a fast sample preparation followed by sensitive HPLC-MS/MS analysis. Graphical Abstract ᅟ.

  17. Significance of serum Zn-α2-glycoprotein for the regulation of blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurita, Souichi; Takeuchi, Keisuke; Hayashi, Yoshimi; Ueyama, Hisao; Zankov, Dimitar P; Pang, Xiaoling; Otsuka, Takanobu; Ohkubo, Iwao; Ogikubo, Osamu; Ogita, Hisakazu

    2015-04-01

    Zn-α2-glycoprotein (ZAG) (molecular weight=41 kDa) is one component in the α2 fraction of human plasma, and is reported to be associated with several diseases, such as cancers and metabolic syndromes. ZAG is also considered to be an important modulator of lipid metabolism. However, little is known about the correlation of serum ZAG levels with indicators of metabolic syndrome. Serum ZAG concentrations analyzed by enzyme-linked immunoassay were positively correlated with systolic and diastolic blood pressure in 326 subjects (236 males and 90 females) aged 17-79 years who had an annual health examination. By luciferase reporter and electrophoretic mobility shift assays, the core promoter region to regulate the ZAG gene expression was found to exist between -110 and -101. The transcription factor Sp1 interacted with this region, and Sp1 knockdown experiments showed that Sp1 critically regulated ZAG expression. Furthermore, ZAG increased the active form of RhoA, which was determined by pull-down assay. Increased serum ZAG concentrations induced, at least partly, by Sp1 may cause an increase in vascular tone through the activation of RhoA and contribute to elevated blood pressure.

  18. HMSRP Hawaiian Monk Seal Blood Values (Establishing hematology and serum chemistry reference ranges for wild Hawaiian Monk Seals)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Hematology and serum chemistry evaluations are essential to a patients comprehensive health exam by providing measures of organ function, blood cell volume and...

  19. Investigation the effect of Commiphora mukul on blood glucose and Serum lipid profile in diabetic rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    leila Shirazi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background & aim: The decrease of serum glucose level and lipids in diabetic patients is clinically significant. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Commiphora mukul extract on blood sugar and lipid profile in diabetic rats. Methods: In the present experimental study, thirty-two male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four groups: control, control treated with the extract, diabetic and diabetic treated with the extract. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of Streptozotocin. In an eight week period, the control group of normal saline and the control group and diabetic recipient extract of CM oleo gum blue resin was given by gavage. Treatment resumed eight weeks with onset of hyperglycemia. The control and diabetic control groups received normal saline orally. Extract treated control and extract treated diabetic groups received extract of Commiphora mukul gum (300 mg/kg P.O. daily by gavage. At the end of this period, blood samples were collected from each rat and biochemical tests for investigation of glucose level and lipid profile was performed. One- way analysis of variance (ANOVA statistical test and Post-hoc test Tukey’s were used for data analysis Results: The study indicated that diabetes increases the serum levels of glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and HDL. Administration of Commiphora mukul gum extract in diabetic groups significantly decreased the serum level of glucose, cholesterol(p<0.01 and triglyceride and LDL(p<0.001 and increased HDL(p<0.01. Conclusion: Commiphora mukul gum extract may well improve undesirable effects of diabetes on serum level of glucose, cholesterol, triglyceride, LDL and HDL.

  20. Ochratoxin A in human blood serum - retrospective long-term data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Märtlbauer, Erwin; Usleber, Ewald; Dietrich, Richard; Schneider, Elisabeth

    2009-12-01

    In a long-term study (1990-1997) on ochratoxin A (OTA) in human blood serum, 102 serum samples from 36 persons of the Munich Institute for Hygiene and Technology of Food of Animal Origin were analysed by enzyme immunoassay (EIA), and by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for control. Detection limits were at 50 pg/ml (EIA) and 50-70 pg/ml (HPLC), recoveries were 80-120% (EIA) and 30-60% (LC). OTA was detected in 98% (EIA, 368 ± 217 pg/ml) and 93% (HPLC, 271 ± 170 pg/ml) of samples (maximum 1,290 pg/ml). Using published conversion factors for serum/intake estimates (1.34 or 1.97), the mean daily OTA intake of these 36 persons was 493-725 pg/kg bw. Long-term individual mean OTA levels of nine persons ranged from 162 ± 80 pg/ml to 549 ± 172 pg/ml. Our data were compared with published OTA serum levels (1985-2008) for apparently healthy persons from a total of 30 countries. On a worldwide basis, the mean of means for OTA in human serum was estimated to be 700 pg/ml, corresponding to a mean daily OTA intake of 940-1380 pg/kg bw. This level, which was relatively stable over the last decades, is well below published tolerable daily intake values (14,000-18,000 pg/kg bw).

  1. THE EFFECT OF BLOOD AND MILK SERUM ZINC CONCENTRATION ON MILK SOMATIC CELL COUNT IN DAIRY COWS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivana Davidov

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of blood and milk zinc concentration on somatic cell count and occurrence of subclinical mastitis cases. The study was performed on thirty Holstein cows approximate same body weight, ages 3 to 5 years, with equally milk production. Blood samples were taken after the morning milking from the caudal vein and milk from all four quarters was taken before morning milking. All samples of blood and milk were taken to determined zinc, using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. 37.67% (11/30 cows have blood serum zinc concentration below 7µmol/l, and 63.33% or 19/30 cows have blood serum zinc concentration higher then 13µmol/l. Also 30% (9/30 cows have somatic cell count lower then 400.000/ml which indicate absence of subclinical mastitis, but 70% (21/30 cows have somatic cell count higher then 400.000/ml which indicate subclinical mastitis. Results indicate that cows with level of zinc in blood serum higher then 13 µmol/l have lower somatic cell count. Cows with lower zinc blood serum concentration then 7 µmol/l have high somatic cell count and high incidence of subclinical mastitis. According to results in this research there is no significant effect of milk serum zinc concentration on somatic cell count in dairy cows.

  2. Soluble serum VCAM-1, whole blood mRNA expression and treatment response in natalizumab-treated multiple sclerosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, E R; Søndergaard, H B; Oturai, A B

    2016-01-01

    Background Natalizumab reduces disease activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). Natalizumab binds to the very late antigen-4 and inhibits vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1)-mediated transmigration of immune cells across the blood-brain-barrier. This is associated with decreased serum concentr......Background Natalizumab reduces disease activity in multiple sclerosis (MS). Natalizumab binds to the very late antigen-4 and inhibits vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1)-mediated transmigration of immune cells across the blood-brain-barrier. This is associated with decreased serum...... concentrations of soluble (s)VCAM-1 and an altered composition of immune cell-subsets in the blood. Objective We aimed to examine if sVCAM-1 serum concentrations and whole blood mRNA expression levels of immune activation biomarkers is associated with disease activity in natalizumab-treated MS-patients. Methods...... sVCAM-1 serum concentrations and whole blood mRNA expression were measured in blood samples from untreated RRMS-patients and from two independent groups of natalizumab-treated patients. Results sVCAM-1 serum concentrations and whole blood expression of HLX1 and IL1B mRNA were lower, whereas...

  3. HPLC-DAD determination of CNS-acting drugs in human blood, plasma, and serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno, Ana María Jiménez; Navas, María José; Asuero, Agustín G

    2014-01-01

    This is a review of the literature regarding high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) procedures for the detection and determination of several categories of central nervous system-acting drugs in blood, plasma, or serum samples. Psychiatric and neurological drugs, such as antidepressants, benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, antiepileptics, and antiparkinsonians, have been included because of their relevance to therapeutic drug monitoring and systematic toxicological analysis. Articles published between 2000 and January 2012 have been taken into consideration. This review has focused on methodological approaches, sample pretreatment techniques, and other practical aspects.

  4. The Content of Free Amino Acids in Blood Serum of Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis

    OpenAIRE

    RUSYN V.I.; Ye.S. Sirchak; N.Yu. Kurchak

    2013-01-01

    The results of examination of 48 patients with chronic pancreatitis are given. We had stablished imbalance in content of free amino acids of blood serum with preferential reduction of the levels of methionine (up to (0.63 ± 0.10) mg%), tryptophan (up to (0.74 ± 0.15) mg%), leucine and isoleucine (up to (0.41 ± 0.06) mg%). Amino acid imbalance in patients with chronic pancreatitis promotes development of significant clinical manifestations of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.

  5. The Content of Free Amino Acids in Blood Serum of Patients with Chronic Pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.I. Rusyn

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The results of examination of 48 patients with chronic pancreatitis are given. We had stablished imbalance in content of free amino acids of blood serum with preferential reduction of the levels of methionine (up to (0.63 ± 0.10 mg%, tryptophan (up to (0.74 ± 0.15 mg%, leucine and isoleucine (up to (0.41 ± 0.06 mg%. Amino acid imbalance in patients with chronic pancreatitis promotes development of significant clinical manifestations of exocrine pancreatic insufficiency.

  6. Serum cadmium levels in a sample of blood donors in the Western Amazon, Brazil, 2010-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Ricardo Maia da Costa de Faro

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the distribution of serum cadmium (Cd levels in blood donors in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil. Blood samples were obtained from 922 volunteer blood donors from 18 to 65 years of age at the Hemoacre blood center in 2010-2011. Mean serum Cd was 0.37µg/L (95%CI: 0.33-0.41. Increased serum Cd was associated with lower schooling; individuals with less than five years of schooling showed a mean Cd of 0.61µg/L (95%CI: 0.34-0.89, compared to 0.34µg/L (95%CI: 0.28-0.40 among those with more than nine years of schooling. Mean serum Cd was three times higher among smokers. Smoking showed a positive association with Cd level, with an OR of 12.36 (95%CI: 7.70-19.84. Meanwhile, serum Cd was lower among individuals that regularly drank tea, as compared to non-tea drinkers. Serum Cd levels were mostly below the reference value (88.3% of participants. Mean serum Cd in the current study indicates that in general the population studied here is not exposed to worrisome Cd levels.

  7. Serum cadmium levels in a sample of blood donors in the Western Amazon, Brazil, 2010-2011.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Faro, André Ricardo Maia da Costa de; Pinto, Wagner de Jesus; Ferreira, Aldo Pacheco; Barbosa Jr, Fernando; Souza, Vanessa Cristina de Oliveira; Fujimoto, Denys Eiti; Koifman, Rosalina Jorge; Koifman, Sérgio

    2014-02-01

    A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the distribution of serum cadmium (Cd) levels in blood donors in Rio Branco, Acre State, Brazil. Blood samples were obtained from 922 volunteer blood donors from 18 to 65 years of age at the Hemoacre blood center in 2010-2011. Mean serum Cd was 0.37µg/L (95%CI: 0.33-0.41). Increased serum Cd was associated with lower schooling; individuals with less than five years of schooling showed a mean Cd of 0.61µg/L (95%CI: 0.34-0.89), compared to 0.34µg/L (95%CI: 0.28-0.40) among those with more than nine years of schooling. Mean serum Cd was three times higher among smokers. Smoking showed a positive association with Cd level, with an OR of 12.36 (95%CI: 7.70-19.84). Meanwhile, serum Cd was lower among individuals that regularly drank tea, as compared to non-tea drinkers. Serum Cd levels were mostly below the reference value (88.3% of participants). Mean serum Cd in the current study indicates that in general the population studied here is not exposed to worrisome Cd levels.

  8. Serum zinc and copper concentrations in maternal and umbilical cord blood. Relation to course and outcome of pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bro, S; Berendtsen, H; Nørgaard, J

    1988-01-01

    Abnormal serum zinc and copper concentrations in pregnant women have been associated with a number of maternal and foetal complications during pregnancy and delivery. However, the results of previous studies are contradictory and few large scale studies have been reported. In this study we measured...... serum zinc and copper concentrations in maternal and umbilical cord blood from 500 Danish mothers at delivery, looking for an association between serum zinc and copper levels and various maternal and foetal complications. Preterm infants (n = 30) had significantly lower serum copper concentrations than...

  9. O papel do gene e da molécula HLA-G na expressão clínica das doenças reumatológicas

    OpenAIRE

    Brenol,Claiton Viegas; Veit,Tiago Degani; Chies,José Artur Bogo; Xavier,Ricardo Machado

    2012-01-01

    O antígeno leucocitário humano G (HLA-G) é uma molécula não clássica de complexo principal de histocompatibilidade (MHC) de classe I, caracterizada por baixo polimorfismo em sua região codificadora, um padrão de distribuição tecidual limitado em condições fisiológicas e expressão por meio de isoformas solúveis e acopladas à superfície de membranas por meio de splicing alternativo. O HLA-G é bastante conhecido por estar envolvido na indução e na manutenção da tolerância entre o sistema imunoló...

  10. Influence of physical and emotional activity on the metabolic profile of blood serum of race horses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. I. Bayeva

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In the article data are presented on dynamics of the level of indicators of metabolic profile of blood serum of race horses of the Ukrainian riding breed in the conditions of physical and emotional loading. Clinically healthy race horses were the object of  research. Blood was taken from the jugular vein to obtain serum and for further biochemical research. For the research 12 race horses from a training group were chosen. From time to time the animals took part in competitions; they were not specially used in races and were mostly used for the training of junior riders and sportsmen of different levels. Blood was taken in conditions of relative rest after ordinary training and after emotional stress during the entertainment performances when a large number of people were present and loud music was played. In the blood serum the following biochemical indicators were defined: whole protein, urea, creatinine, uric acid, total bilirubin and its fractions, glucose, cholestererol, triacylglycerol, calcium, ferrum, lactate, pyruvate, activity of the AlAT, SGOT, GGTP, LDH, an alkaline phosphatase – which makes it possible to determine reasonably accurately the adaptation potential of a horse under various types of loading. We established that during training and psychoemotional loading of racing horses of the training group of the Ukrainian riding breed, multidirectional changes in the level of biochemical indicators of blood serum occurred, which is evidence of stress in the metabolic processes in the animals’ organisms. Concentration of a biomarker of an oxidative stress, uric acid, increased after physical loading by 8.6%, and after emotional loading by 55.1%, which demonstrates that emotional stress had the more negative effect, indicating insufficient adaptation by the horses before demonstration performances. After physical loading, reaction of transamination in the horses’ liver cells intensified, and after emotional loading its intensity

  11. Evaluation of the correlation between transcutaneous measurement andconcentration ofbilirubin inthe blood serum ofa newborn

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    Małgorzata Morawiecka-Pietrzak

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Due to the potential toxicity of high concentrations of bilirubin, newborns are monitored in terms of the potential emergence of a group at risk of the development of severe hyperbilirubinaemia and, rarely, encephalopathy and kernicterus. The transcutaneous measurement of bilirubin, as a non-invasive method, is applied in neonatal centres. The paper presents an evaluation of the correlation between the transcutaneous measurement and the concentration of bilirubin in the blood serum of a newborn, taking into consideration the reduction of the necessity to carry out blood tests related to the transcutaneous measurement. Material and method: The analysis comprised 1,076 medical histories of newborns hospitalised at the Department of Neonatology of the Municipal Hospital in Zabrze in the period from 1 January to 31 December 2013 (a primary referral centre. The inclusion criteria for the study were: performing a simultaneous transcutaneous measurement and a blood serum concentration measurement of bilirubin, gestational age ≥35 Hbd and birth weight >2,500 g. 272 children were qualified for the study. Results: Boys constituted 51.7%, and girls 48.3% of the research group. The mean gestational age was 38.7 Hbd and the mean birth weight was 3,323.4 g; 67.8% of the children were born by natural labour and 32.2% – by caesarean section. The mean Apgar score in the 5th minute was 9.8 points. The measurement of the concentration of bilirubin was performed on average on the 3.9 day of life. The mean transcutaneous measurement was 9.67 mg% (2.7–17.2 mg% and the mean concentration of bilirubin in the blood serum was 13.18 mg% (7.0–19.8 mg%; the difference was 3.5 mg% (p < 0.0001. A statistically significant positive correlation was found between the concentrations of bilirubin obtained in the transcutaneous measurement and the concentrations in the blood serum (according to Spearman, r

  12. Insecticide residues in the blood serum and domestic water source of cacao farmers in Southwestern Nigeria.

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    Sosan, Mosudi B; Akingbohungbe, Amos E; Ojo, Isaac A O; Durosinmi, Muheez A

    2008-06-01

    The blood serum of cacao farmers and their domestic water sources were analyzed for insecticide residues in selected cacao growing communities of Southwestern Nigeria. The farmers were grouped into five exposure periods based on their years of involvement in insecticide application, viz, 20 years. The residue analyses revealed that 42 out of the 76 farmers had residues of diazinon, endosulfan, propoxur and lindane in their blood; and 47.6% out of these farmers belonged in the >20 years exposure duration period. About 34% of the farmers had diazinon with a mean concentration of 0.067 mg kg(-1), 29% endosulfan (mean=0.033 mg kg(-1)), 23% propoxur (mean=0.095 mg kg(-1)), and 17% lindane (mean=0.080 mg kg(-1)) in their blood. The residues of lindane, endosulfan and propoxur in all the exposure duration categories were found to be far below the no observable adverse effect level (NOAEL) while diazinon residues detected in the blood serum of the farmers in all the exposure duration categories exceeded the NOAEL of 0.02 mg kg(-1) for the insecticide. The study also revealed that the sources of drinking water had been contaminated with dazinon and propoxur in some of the farmers' localities; and the concentrations of the insecticides exceeded the acceptable daily intake (ADI). It is concluded that cacao farmers in Southwestern Nigeria may have been occupationally exposed due to insecticide application for mirid control in their cacao plantations; and the exposure at times is of such magnitude as to be hazardous to the farmers and their respective communities.

  13. Methyl-binding domain protein-based DNA isolation from human blood serum combines DNA analyses and serum-autoantibody testing

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    Jungbauer Christof

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Circulating cell free DNA in serum as well as serum-autoantibodies and the serum proteome have great potential to contribute to early cancer diagnostics via non invasive blood tests. However, most DNA preparation protocols destroy the protein fraction and therefore do not allow subsequent protein analyses. In this study a novel approach based on methyl binding domain protein (MBD is described to overcome the technical difficulties of combining DNA and protein analysis out of one single serum sample. Methods Serum or plasma samples from 98 control individuals and 54 breast cancer patients were evaluated upon silica membrane- or MBD affinity-based DNA isolation via qPCR targeting potential DNA methylation markers as well as by protein-microarrays for tumor-autoantibody testing. Results In control individuals, an average DNA level of 22.8 ± 25.7 ng/ml was detected applying the silica membrane based protocol and 8.5 ± 7.5 ng/ml using the MBD-approach, both values strongly dependent on the serum sample preparation methods used. In contrast to malignant and benign tumor serum samples, cell free DNA concentrations were significantly elevated in sera of metastasizing breast cancer patients. Technical evaluation revealed that serum upon MBD-based DNA isolation is suitable for protein-array analyses when data are consistent to untreated serum samples. Conclusion MBD affinity purification allows DNA isolations under native conditions retaining the protein function, thus for example enabling combined analyses of DNA methylation and autoantigene-profiles from the same serum sample and thereby improving minimal invasive diagnostics.

  14. A lab-on-a-chip for rapid blood separation and quantification of hematocrit and serum analytes.

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    Browne, Andrew W; Ramasamy, Lakshminarayanan; Cripe, Timothy P; Ahn, Chong H

    2011-07-21

    In this work, a new lab-on-a-chip for rapid analysis of low volume blood samples was designed, fabricated and demonstrated for integration of serum separation, hematocrit evaluation, and protein quantitation. Blood separation was achieved using microchannel flow-based separation. A novel method for evaluating hematocrit from microfluidic flow-separated blood samples was developed using gray scale analysis of a point-and-shoot digital photograph of separated blood in a micochannel. Protein quantitation was subsequently performed in a high surface area-to-volume ratio microfluidic chemiluminescent immunoassay using cell depleted serum produced by microfluidic flow-based separation of whole blood samples. All three steps were achieved in a single microchannel with separation of blood samples and hematocrit evaluation in less than 1 min, and protein quantitation in 5 min.

  15. Organochlorine pesticide residue levels in blood serum of inhabitants from Veracruz, Mexico.

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    Waliszewski, Stefan M; Caba, M; Herrero-Mercado, M; Saldariaga-Noreña, H; Meza, E; Zepeda, R; Martínez-Valenzuela, C; Gómez Arroyo, S; Villalobos Pietrini, R

    2012-09-01

    The objective of the present study was to monitor the levels of organochlorine pesticides HCB; α-, β-, γ-HCH; pp'DDE; op'DDT; and pp'DDT in blood serum of Veracruz, Mexico inhabitants. Organochlorine pesticides were analyzed in 150 blood serum samples that constituted that which remained after clinical analyses, using gas chromatography-electron-capture detection (GC-ECD). The results were expressed as milligrams per kilogram on fat basis and micrograms per liter on wet weight. Only the following pesticides were detected: p,p'-DDE was the major organochlorine component, detected in 100% of samples at mean 15.8 mg/kg and 8.4 μg/L; p,p'-DDT was presented in 41.3.% of monitored samples at mean 3.1 mg/kg and 1.4 μg/L; β-HCH was found in 48.6% of the samples at mean 4.9 mg/kg and 2.7 μg/L; op'DDT was determined to be in only 3.3% of monitored samples at mean 2.7 mg/kg and 1.4 μg/L. The pooled samples divided according to sex showed significant differences of β-HCH and pp'DDE concentrations in females. The samples grouped according to age presented the third tertile as more contaminated in both sexes, indicating age as a positively associated factor with serum organochlorine pesticide levels in Veracruz inhabitants.

  16. Erythrocyte-bound apolipoprotein B in relation to atherosclerosis, serum lipids and ABO blood group.

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    Boudewijn Klop

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Erythrocytes carry apolipoprotein B on their membrane, but the determining factors of erythrocyte-bound apolipoprotein B (ery-apoB are unknown. We aimed to explore the determinants of ery-apoB to gain more insight into potential mechanisms. METHODS: Subjects with and without CVD were included (N = 398. Ery-apoB was measured on fresh whole blood samples using flow cytometry. Subjects with ery-apoB levels ≤ 0.20 a.u. were considered deficient. Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT was determined as a measure of (subclinical atherosclerosis. RESULTS: Mean ery-apoB value was 23.2% lower in subjects with increased CIMT (0.80 ± 0.09 mm, N = 140 compared to subjects with a normal CIMT (0.57 ± 0.08 mm, N = 258 (P = 0.007, adjusted P<0.001. CIMT and ery-apoB were inversely correlated (Spearman's r: -0.116, P = 0.021. A total of 55 subjects (13.6% were considered ery-apoB deficient, which was associated with a medical history of CVD (OR: 1.86, 95% CI 1.04-3.33; adjusted OR: 1.55; 95% CI 0.85-2.82. Discontinuation of statins in 54 subjects did not influence ery-apoB values despite a 58.4% increase in serum apolipoprotein B. Subjects with blood group O had significantly higher ery-apoB values (1.56 ± 0.94 a.u. when compared to subjects with blood group A (0.89 ± 1.15 a.u, blood group B (0.73 ± 0.1.12 a.u. or blood group AB (0.69 ± 0.69 a.u. (P-ANOVA = 0.002. CONCLUSION: Absence or very low values of ery-apoB are associated with clinical and subclinical atherosclerosis. While serum apolipoprotein B is not associated with ery-apoB, the ABO blood group seems to be a significant determinant.

  17. Arterial blood pressure, serum calcium and PTH in elderly men with parathyroid tumors and primary hyperparathyroidism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumachi, Franco; Camozzi, Valentina; Luisetto, Giovanni; Zanella, Simone; Basso, Stefano M M

    2011-11-01

    In patients with parathyroid tumors and primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), the relationship between arterial blood pressure (BP) and both serum calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate whether a correlation exists between BP and the main biochemical parameters in men with confirmed sporadic PHPT due to a solitary parathyroid adenoma. A series of 38 elderly (>64 years) men (median age 69 years, range 65-78 years) were enrolled in the study. Twenty-nine (76.3%) were asymptomatic, while 9 (23.7%) had renal diseases (i.e. renal stones, impaired renal function). The main preoperative biochemical parameters were the following: serum calcium=2.77±0.25 mmol/l, PTH=166.5±157.0 ng/l, alkaline phosphatase (ALP)=107.6±37.0 U/l, and creatinine=82.5±8.1 μmol/l. In each patient, the BP was recorded three times at 2-3 min intervals using an automatic device, and the mean values were recorded. All patients successfully underwent parathyroidectomy. As expected, there was a significant relationship between age and both systolic and diastolic BP (β=0.39, p=0.018; β=0.41, p=0.014, respectively). There was also a correlation between systolic and diastolic BP (β=0.39, p=0.01) and between serum calcium and PTH (β=0.51, p=0.008). A weak relationship (β=0.28, p=0.04) between serum calcium and creatinine was also found. However, no significant relationship between systolic or diastolic BP and serum calcium (β=0.012, p=0.94; β=0.065, p=0.71) or PTH (β=0.08, p=0.65; β=0.17, p=0.32), respectively, was observed. In conclusion, our study confirms that in men with parathyroid tumors and PHPT, the BP values are independent of both serum calcium and PTH levels.

  18. Effect of exercise on Special Aviation Gymnastics Instruments on blood serum levels of selected biochemical indices in cadets

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    Zbigniew Wochyński

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Aim of this study was the training effect evaluation on the Special Aviation Gymnastics Instruments (SAGI on blood metallothionein (MT, zinc (Zn, copper (Cu, protein, neuron-specific enolase (NSE, and physical fitness in the examined cadets. Material and methods. The study comprised 55 cadets, aged 20, divided into two groups: examined group A (N=41 and control group B (N=14. In both groups, blood material was collected twice, i.e. before (baseline and after training (series I, during (series II, and after completion of training on the SAGI (Series III. Blood serum MT, Zn, Cu, protein, and NSE were assayed with commercially available kits. Physical fitness was assessed with commonly used fitness tests. Results. A significant decrease in serum MT was noted in both groups in all three series of assays after training, except group B in series II. NSE significantly increased in group A in series II after training. NSE activity increased significantly in group B in series I and III. In both groups, a significant decrease in blood serum Zn was noted after training in series I and II. Serum Cu significantly decreased in group A in all three series of assays. Blood serum protein significantly decreased in group A in series III. In series II, blood serum protein increased significantly in both groups. The remaining values were not changed significantly. Conclusions. Training intensity on SAGI lowered serum MT levels after training in comparison with the control group. This might be associated with Zn, Cu, and protein metabolism.

  19. Proteoform profiling of peripheral blood serum proteins from pregnant women provides a molecular IUGR signature.

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    Wölter, M; Röwer, C; Koy, C; Rath, W; Pecks, U; Glocker, M O

    2016-10-21

    Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is an important cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality and contributes substantially to medically indicated preterm birth; preventing fetal death. Molecular profiling of the mothers' peripheral blood was desired to monitor the health conditions of the fetuses. To develop such a minimally invasive assay, we applied a protein affinity fractionation method to peripheral blood serum samples from pregnant women belonging to either the IUGR or to the control group. Proof-of-principle was shown by relative quantitation analysis of mixtures of intact proteoforms using MALDI-ToF mass spectrometry. The two best differentiating proteins and proteoforms, respectively, were apolipoprotein C-II and apolipoprotein C-III0. Together with three robustly expressed protein proteoforms proapolipoprotein C-II, apolipoprotein C-III1, and apolipoprotein C-III2, which served as landmarks for relative quantitation analysis, they constituted the maternal IUGR proteome signature. Separation confidence of our IUGR proteoform signature reached a sensitivity of 0.73 and a specificity of 0.87 with an area under curve of 0.86 in receiver operator characteristics. Identification of IUGR newborns in the case room is required as children are severely diseased and need specialized care during infancy. Yet, at time of birth there is no readily applicable clinical test available. Hence, a molecular profiling assay is highly desired. It needs to be mentioned that current clinical definitions and recommendations for IUGR are unfortunately misleading and are not universally applicable. The most commonly adopted definition is an abdominal circumference (AC) or estimated fetal weight measurement IUGR for some constitutionally small fetuses. It needs to be pointed out that the above mentioned criteria can only be determined during pregnancy in case mothers report from early on during pregnancy. We have developed a test that relies on mass spectrometric analysis of

  20. A Comparison of Blood Factor XII Autoactivation in Buffer, Protein Cocktail, Serum, and Plasma Solutions

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    Golas, Avantika; Yeh, Chyi-Huey Josh; Pitakjakpipop, Harit; Siedlecki, Christopher A.; Vogler, Erwin A.

    2012-01-01

    Activation of blood plasma coagulation in vitro by contact with material surfaces is demonstrably dependent on plasma-volume-to-activator-surface-area ratio. The only plausible explanation consistent with current understanding of coagulation-cascade biochemistry is that procoagulant stimulus arising from the activation complex of the intrinsic pathway is dependent on activator surface area. And yet, it is herein shown that activation of the blood zymogen factor XII (Hageman factor, FXII) dissolved in buffer, protein cocktail, heat-denatured serum, and FXI deficient plasma does not exhibit activator surface-area dependence. Instead, a highly-variable burst of procoagulant-enzyme yield is measured that exhibits no measurable kinetics, sensitivity to mixing, or solution-temperature dependence. Thus, FXII activation in both buffer and protein-containing solutions does not exhibit characteristics of a biochemical reaction but rather appears to be a “mechanochemical” reaction induced by FXII molecule interactions with hydrophilic activator particles that do not formally adsorb blood proteins from solution. Results of this study strongly suggest that activator surface-area dependence observed in contact activation of plasma coagulation does not solely arise at the FXII activation step of the intrinsic pathway. PMID:23117212

  1. Associations between Serum Sex Hormone Concentrations and Whole Blood Gene Expression Profiles in the General Population.

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    Robin Haring

    Full Text Available Despite observational evidence from epidemiological and clinical studies associating sex hormones with various cardiometabolic risk factors or diseases, pathophysiological explanations are sparse to date. To reveal putative functional insights, we analyzed associations between sex hormone levels and whole blood gene expression profiles.We used data of 991 individuals from the population-based Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-TREND with whole blood gene expression levels determined by array-based transcriptional profiling and serum concentrations of total testosterone (TT, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG, free testosterone (free T, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS, androstenedione (AD, estradiol (E2, and estrone (E1 measured by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS and immunoassay. Associations between sex hormone concentrations and gene expression profiles were analyzed using sex-specific regression models adjusted for age, body mass index, and technical covariables.In men, positive correlations were detected between AD and DDIT4 mRNA levels, as well as between SHBG and the mRNA levels of RPIA, RIOK3, GYPB, BPGM, and RAB2B. No additional significant associations were observed.Besides the associations between AD and DDIT4 expression and SHBG and the transcript levels of RPIA, RIOK3, GYPB, BPGM, and RAB2B, the present study did not indicate any association between sex hormone concentrations and whole blood gene expression profiles in men and women from the general population.

  2. A comparison of blood factor XII autoactivation in buffer, protein cocktail, serum, and plasma solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golas, Avantika; Yeh, Chyi-Huey Josh; Pitakjakpipop, Harit; Siedlecki, Christopher A; Vogler, Erwin A

    2013-01-01

    Activation of blood plasma coagulation in vitro by contact with material surfaces is demonstrably dependent on plasma-volume-to-activator-surface-area ratio. The only plausible explanation consistent with current understanding of coagulation-cascade biochemistry is that procoagulant stimulus arising from the activation complex of the intrinsic pathway is dependent on activator surface area. And yet, it is herein shown that activation of the blood zymogen factor XII (Hageman factor, FXII) dissolved in buffer, protein cocktail, heat-denatured serum, and FXI deficient plasma does not exhibit activator surface-area dependence. Instead, a highly-variable burst of procoagulant-enzyme yield is measured that exhibits no measurable kinetics, sensitivity to mixing, or solution-temperature dependence. Thus, FXII activation in both buffer and protein-containing solutions does not exhibit characteristics of a biochemical reaction but rather appears to be a "mechanochemical" reaction induced by FXII molecule interactions with hydrophilic activator particles that do not formally adsorb blood proteins from solution. Results of this study strongly suggest that activator surface-area dependence observed in contact activation of plasma coagulation does not solely arise at the FXII activation step of the intrinsic pathway. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. [Serum 1, 5-anhydroglucose alcohol: a serum indicator for estimating acute blood sugar fluctuation in patients with fulminant type 1 diabetes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ge, Jinlian; Xu, Dacheng; Peng, Youfan; Zhang, Mingchen; Cao, Wenyan

    2015-11-01

    To test the feasibility of using 1,5-anhydroglucose alcohol (1,5-AG) as a diagnostic indicator of fulminant type 1 diabetes (FT1DM). Fifteen patients with newly diagnosed FT1DM and 52 with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) were examined for serum biochemistry, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAlc), and serum 1, 5-AG level. The patients with FT1DM and T2DM showed significantly different fasting levels of blood glucose (FBG), fructosamine (FMN), creatinine (Cr), urea, HbAlc and serum 1,5-AG (P<0.05). In FT1DM patients, serum 1,5-AG was found to inversely correlate with FBG (r=-0.646, P=0.032) and FMN (r=-0.680, P=0.021), and in T2DM patients, serum 1,5-AG was inversely correlated with FBG (r=-0.407, P=0.001), FMN (r=-0.314, P=0.01) and HbAlc (r=-0.576, P<0.01). Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed an area under the curve of serum 1,5-AG of 0.804 with a cutoff value of 67.95, a sensitivity of 82.9% and a specificity of 60% for FT1DM diagnosis. Serum 1, 5-AG can reflect acute blood glucose fluctuation in FT1DM patients and is useful for differential diagnosis of FT1DM when combined with evaluations of the clinical characteristics of the patients and other related indicators.

  4. Impact of Elevated Hemoglobin and Serum Protein on Vasovagal Reaction from Blood Donation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanba, Taiko; Yoshinaga, Kentaro; Motoji, Toshiko; Munakata, Masaya; Nakajima, Kazunori; Minami, Mutsuhiko

    2016-01-01

    We conducted a cross-sectional study to elucidate factors contributing to vasovagal reaction (VVR), the most frequent side effect following whole blood and apheresis donations. Complications recorded at the collection sites after voluntary donations by the Japanese Red Cross Tokyo Blood Center (JRC), in the 2006 and 2007 fiscal years, were analyzed by both univariate analysis and the multivariate conditional logistic regression model. Of 1,119,716 blood donations over the full two years, complications were recorded for 13,320 donations (1.18%), among which 67% were VVR. There were 4,303 VVR cases which had sufficient information and could be used for this study. For each VVR case, two sex- and age-matched controls (n = 8,606) were randomly selected from the donors without complications. Age, sex, body mass index (BMI), predonation blood pressure, pulse and blood test results, including total protein, albumin, and hemoglobin, were compared between the VVR group and the control group. In univariate analysis, the VVR group was significantly younger, with a lower BMI, higher blood pressure and higher blood protein and hemoglobin levels than the control group (pblood protein and hemoglobin levels showed dose-dependent relationships with VVR incidences by the Cochran-Armitage trend test (p<0.01). For both sexes, after adjusting for confounders with the multivariate conditional logistic regression model, the higher than median groups for total protein (male: OR 1.97; 95%CI 1.76,-2.21; female: OR 2.29; 95%CI 2.05–2.56), albumin (male: 1.75; 1.55–1.96; female: 1.76; 1.57–1.97) and hemoglobin (male: 1.98; 1.76–2.22; female: 1.62; 1.45–1.81) had statistically significant higher risk of VVR compared to the lower than median groups. These elevated serum protein and hemoglobin levels might offer new indicators to help understand VVR occurrence. PMID:26894814

  5. Low zinc serum levels and high blood lead levels among school-age children in coastal area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pramono, Adriyan; Panunggal, Binar; Rahfiludin, M. Zen; Swastawati, Fronthea

    2017-02-01

    The coverage of environmental lead toxicant was quiet wide. Lead exposure recently has been expected to be associated with zinc deficiency and blood indices disturbance. Emphasizing on children, which could absorb more than 50 % of lead that enters the body. Lead became the issue on the coastal area due to it has polluted the environment and waters as the source of fisheries products. This was a cross sectional study to determined nutritional status, blood lead levels, zinc serum levels, blood indices levels, fish intake among school children in coastal region of Semarang. This study was carried out on the school children aged between 8 and 12 years old in coastal region of Semarang. Nutritional status was figured out using anthropometry measurement. Blood lead and zinc serum levels were analyzed using the Atomic Absorbent Spectrophotometry (AAS) at a wavelength of 213.9 nm for zinc serum and 283.3 nm for blood lead. Blood indices was measured using auto blood hematology analyzer. Fish intake was assessed using 3-non consecutive days 24-hours food recall. The children had high lead levels (median 34.86 μg/dl, range 11.46 - 58.86 μg/dl) compared to WHO cut off. Zinc serum levels was low (median 18.10 μg/dl, range 10.25 - 41.39 μg/dl) compared to the Joint WHO/UNICEF/IAEA/IZiNCG cut off. Approximately 26.4% of children were anemic. This study concluded that all school children had high blood lead levels, low zinc serum, and presented microcytic hypochromic anemia. This phenomenon should be considered as public health concern.

  6. IgM AUTOANTIBODIES TO DNA IN BLOOD SERUM OF THE PATIENTS WITH HEMORRHAGIC FEVER WITH RENAL SYNDROME

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    D. G. Ishmukhametova

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Levels of IgM autoantibodies (AAbs to native (double-stranded and denaturated (single-stranded DNA were studied in blood serum of sixty patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS and twenty-five healthy persons, using an ELISA technique. The median levels of IgM AAbs to double-stranded DNA in blood serum of healthy persons and HFRS patients corresponded to 0.41 and 0.53 arbitrary units, respectively. Thus, the difference between the samples from HFRS and healthy persons proved to be non-significant. The median level of IgM AAbs to single-stranded DNA in blood sera of HFRS patients (0.71 arbitrary units did significantly exceed serum values of healthy persons (0.57 arbitrary units. A probable involvement of IgM AAbs into regulation of IgG AAbs' production during virus-induced activation of autoimmune events in HFRS patients is discussed.

  7. [The change in lipoid spectrum in blood serum in girls of different somatotypes after meals].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fefelova, Iu A

    2010-01-01

    State Educational Institution for Professional Education - Prof. Voyno-Yasenetzkiy's High School of Krasnoyarsk State Medical Academy of Russian Public Health Ministry. We carried out the analysis of the changes in the spectrum of neutral lipoids and phospholipoids in blood serum as a response to meals in girls of different somatotypes. We revealed statistically true lowering of lipid acids content in representatives of all examined somatotypes after meals. Statistically true increase of simply oxidized fractions of phospholipoids in girls of sub-athletic and athletic somatotypes testifies on the change in the ratio of dynamics components of lipoid spectrum of lipoproteids. Balanced fractions of phospholipoids as well as free cholesterol are the main structural components in lipoproteid membranes and they didn't change in any of the studied somatotypes as a response to meals. This proves the stability of membrane structure of lipoproteid complexes as a response to the given physiological stimulus.

  8. Kinetic enzymatic method for automated determination of glucose in blood and serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziegenhorn, J; Neumann, U; Hagen, A; Bablok, W; Strinshoff, K

    1977-01-01

    Studies are reported on the reaction kinetics of the glucose assay according to Trinder which involves the specific oxidation of glucose by glucose oxidase and the determination of the hydrogen peroxide released by means of phenol and 4-aminophenazone in the presence of peroxidase. The results have been used to develop a general kinetic fixed-time method for the analysis of glucose in whole blood and serum. The single reagent method has been adapted to the ENI GEMSAEC centrifugal analyzer and to the Abbott ABA-100 analyzer. The procedures exhibited excellent precision and the results correlated well with those obtained by the hexokinase method, Linearity was achieved from 3 to 64 mmol/1 glucose for the GEMSAEC method, and from 3 to 33 mmol/1 glucose for the ABA-100 method. Reagent or sample blank corrections were not necessary. There were no interferences from various drugs, hemoglobin, bilirubin, or lipemia.

  9. Viral Nucleic Acids in the Serum Are Dependent on Blood Sampling Site in Patients with Clinical Suspicion of Myocarditis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pawlak, Agnieszka; Przybylski, Maciej; Durlik, Marek; Gil, Katarzyna; Nasierowska-Guttmejer, Anna M; Byczkowska, Katarzyna; Ziemba, Andrzej; Gil, Robert J

    2016-01-01

    The meaning of viral nucleic acids in the myocardium in many cases is difficult for clinical interpretation, whereas the presence of viral nucleic acids in the serum is a marker of active infection. We determined the diagnostic value of viral nucleic acids in ventricular serum and peripheral serum samples in comparison with endomyocardial biopsy (EMB) specimens in patients with clinically suspected myocarditis. The viral nucleic acid evaluation was performed in serum samples and EMB specimens by real-time PCR in 70 patients (age: 47 ± 16 years). The biopsy specimens were examined by histo- and immunohistochemistry to detect inflammatory response. The viral nucleic acids were detected in ventricular and peripheral serum, and EMB samples of 10 (14%), 14 (20%), and 32 (46%) patients, respectively. Notably, viral nucleic acids of the same virus as in the EMB sample were present more often in ventricular than in peripheral serum (60 vs. 7%, p = 0.01). A significant concurrence was observed between the positive and the negative results of viral nucleic acids present in EMB and ventricular serum (p = 0.0001). The detection of the same viral nucleic acid type in the myocardium and in ventricular serum being significantly more frequent than in the peripheral serum may suggest that the site of the blood collection is important for more precise and reliable confirmation of the active viral replication in the heart. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  10. Serum potassium levels predict blood pressure response to aldosterone antagonists in resistant hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shlomai, Gadi; Sella, Tal; Sharabi, Yehonatan; Leibowitz, Avshalom; Grossman, Ehud

    2014-12-01

    The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with the blood pressure (BP) response to spironolactone--aldosterone receptor antagonist as an add-on therapy in patients with resistant hypertension (HTN). We retrospectively reviewed the data of subjects with resistant HTN who were treated with add-on spironolactone in a large HTN clinic. A paired Student's t-test was used to assess the differences between the BP values before and during spironolactone administration, and multivariate analysis was used to assess the predictors of a satisfactory BP response (a decrease in systolic BP >10%). We analyzed the data of 48 hypertensive participants. The add-on spironolactone therapy had a significant BP-lowering effect in both systolic and diastolic BP values (P < 0.01 for both). Baseline serum potassium levels of <4.5 mEq l(-1) were associated with a satisfactory BP response (P < 0.01). Furthermore, every decrement of 1 mEq l(-1) of serum potassium was independently associated with a fivefold higher rate of achieving a satisfactory BP response to spironolactone therapy (P = 0.024). Additional factors independently associated with an improved systolic BP response were old age (P = 0.033), body mass index (P = 0.033) and high baseline systolic BP (P=0.004). Our results support the use of add-on spironolactone therapy in patients with resistant HTN who are elderly and obese and have high systolic BP and serum potassium levels <4.5 mEq l(-1).

  11. Cu isotopic signature in blood serum of liver transplant patients: a follow-up study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauwens, Sara; Costas-Rodríguez, Marta; van Vlierberghe, Hans; Vanhaecke, Frank

    2016-07-01

    End-stage liver disease (ESLD) is life-threatening and liver transplantation (LTx) is the definitive treatment with good outcomes. Given the essential role of hepatocytes in Cu homeostasis, the potential of the serum Cu isotopic composition for monitoring a patient’s condition post-LTx was evaluated. For this purpose, high-precision Cu isotopic analysis of blood serum of ESLD patients pre- and post-LTx was accomplished via multi-collector ICP-mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). The Cu isotopic composition of the ESLD patients was fractionated in favour of the lighter isotope (by about -0.50‰). Post-LTx, a generalized normalization of the Cu isotopic composition was observed for the patients with normal liver function, while it remained light when this condition was not reached. A strong decrease in the δ65Cu value a longer term post-LTx seems to indicate the recurrence of liver failure or cancer. The observed trend in favour of the heavier Cu isotopic composition post-LTx seems to be related with the restored biosynthetic capacity of the liver, the restored hepatic metabolism and/or the restored biliary secretion pathways. Thus, Cu isotopic analysis could be a valuable tool for the follow-up of liver transplant patients and for establishing the potential recurrence of liver failure.

  12. Serum vitamins and heavy metals in blood and urine, and the correlations among them in Parkinson's disease patients in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukushima, Tetsuhito; Tan, Xiaodong; Luo, Yunwen; Kanda, Hideyuki

    2011-01-01

    Some heavy metals are suspected to be pathogenic and some vitamins protective against Parkinson's disease (PD), and the interaction between heavy metals and vitamins could be associated with the pathophysiology of PD. Subjects comprised PD patients and sex- and age-matched controls recruited from an outpatient clinic in China. Morning blood and urine samples were used to measure concentrations of metals and vitamins. The serum iron, whole-blood manganese, urine iron and copper levels were significantly higher in the PD patients than in the controls. The correlation coefficient between serum and urine concentrations of iron in the PD patients was significant. The serum vitamin E/urine copper ratio was significantly lower in the PD patients than in the controls. Serum vitamin E was negatively correlated with serum copper and was positively correlated with urine copper in the PD patients. Serum vitamin B(12) was positively correlated with serum zinc in the PD patients and was negatively correlated with urine zinc in the controls. Excessive intake of iron and copper, accumulation of manganese, vitamin E/copper imbalance in intake, and vitamin B(12) decrease by zinc deficiency in the body might be involved in the etiology of PD. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  13. Optical Methods for the Analysis of the Temoprofin Photosensitizer Distribution Between Serum Proteins and Methyl-β-Cyclodextrin Nanocarriers in Blood Serum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakavets, I. V.; Yankovsky, I. V.; Khludeyev, I. I.; Lassalle, H. P.; Bezdetnaya, L. N.; Zorin, V. P.

    2018-01-01

    Various optical methods for the analysis of the processes leading to temoporfin photosensitizer distribution between supramolecular nanosized inclusion complexes derived from β-cyclodextrins and blood serum proteins were examined. Methods involving induced circular dichroism, fluorescence anisotropy, and the variability of the shape of the photosensitizer fluorescence excitation spectra were compared with traditional methods such as gel chromatography and ultracentrifugation. The feasibility of using the photosensitizer optical characteristics for analyzing both equilibrium and kinetic processes of photosensitizer distribution in blood was demonstrated. The main advantages and limitations of these approaches in in vitro experiments were described.

  14. FORMATION OF LONG-LIVED REACTIVE SPECIES OF BLOOD SERUM PROTEINS BY THE ACTION OF HEAT

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    V. E. Ivanov

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Proteins oxidized by the action of X-rays represent long-lived reactive species, which trigger the secondary generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS. A change in the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2 content induced by various physical impacts may be an important factor of the therapeutic effect and the adaptation of the organism to unfavorable environmental conditions. Moderate hyperthermia and a number of physiotherapeutic procedures leading to a local warming of tissues are widely used in medical practice. However, the biological mechanisms of their curative effect are poorly understood. The prolonged generation of H2O2 long-lived reactive protein species (LRPS after heating may be one of the mechanisms of activation of protective cellular mechanisms and thus to contribute to overcoming the disease. Aim: To investigate if the serum proteins bovine serum albumin (BSA and bovine gamma-globulin (BGG can form LRPS under moderate hyperthermia and show that heat induces LRPS, which in turn continuously generate ROS, in particular H2O2. Materials and methods: LRPS were studied by measuring the heat-induced chemiluminescence of protein solutions using a specially elaborated highly sensitive photon-counting chemiluminometer Biotoks-7 AM. The Results: Here we studied the possibility of formation of long-lived species of the blood serum proteins BSA and BGG in air-saturated solutions under the action of heat. It is shown that heat induces the generation of long-lived protein species, which in turn generate ROS (1O2, О2-•, OH•, H2O2. The formation of the long-lived reactive species of BSA and BGG with a half-life of about 4 h induced by moderate hyperthermia was revealed using the chemiluminescence of protein solutions. It was found that long-lived reactive species of BSA and BGG cause prolonged generation of H2O2. Conclusion: Thus, we found a new fundamental property of serum proteins: by the action of moderate heating, they are able to

  15. Diagnostic prediction of renal failure from blood serum analysis by FTIR spectrometry and chemometrics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khanmohammadi, Mohammdreza; Ghasemi, Keyvan; Garmarudi, Amir Bagheri; Ramin, Mehdi

    2015-02-01

    A new diagnostic approach based on Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transform Infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectrometry and classification algorithm has been introduced which provides a rapid, reliable, and easy way to perform blood test for the diagnosis of renal failure. Blood serum samples from 35 renal failure patients and 40 healthy persons were analyzed by ATR-FTIR spectrometry. The resulting data was processed by Quadratic Discriminant Analysis (QDA) and QDA combined with simple filtered method. Spectroscopic studies were performed in 900-2000 cm-1 spectral region with 3.85 cm-1 data space. Results showed 93.33% and 100% of accuracy for QDA and filter-QDA models, respectively. In the first step, 30 samples were applied to construct the model. In order to modify the capability of QDA in prediction of test samples, filter-based feature selection methods were applied. It was found that the filtered spectra coupled with QDA could correctly predict the test samples in most of the cases.

  16. The association of serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase level and other laboratory parameters with blood pressure in hypertensive patients under ambulatory blood pressure monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortakoyluoglu A

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Adile Ortakoyluoglu, Betul Boz, Oguzhan Sitki Dizdar, Deniz Avci, Ali Cetinkaya, Osman Baspinar Department of Internal Medicine, Kayseri Training and Research Hospital, Kayseri, Turkey Background: Hypertension is a very important cause of morbidity and mortality. Serum gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT is a biomarker of oxidative stress and associated with increased risk of hypertension and diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of serum GGT level, which is an early marker of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction, with the deterioration of the diurnal rhythm of the blood pressure.Methods: A total of 171 patients with hypertension were included in this study. Patients whose nighttime mean blood pressure, measured via ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, decreased between 10% and 20% compared with the daytime mean blood pressure were defined as “dippers”, whereas patients with a nighttime blood pressure decrease lower than 10% were defined as “non-dippers”.Results: A total of 99 hypertensive patients (65 females/34 males were classified as dippers and 72 patients (48 females/24 males as non-dippers. The mean age of the non-dipper group was significantly greater than the dipper group. Serum GGT, C-reactive protein and uric acid levels were significantly higher among patients in the non-dipper group. Negative correlations were detected between GGT levels and diurnal systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreases.Conclusion: Our findings revealed that GGT level was higher in the non-dipper group, and was negatively correlated with the nighttime decrease of diurnal blood pressure. C-reactive protein and uric acid levels were also higher in the non-dipper group. However, future randomized controlled prospective studies with larger patient populations are necessary to confirm our findings. Keywords: gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, hypertension, ambulatory blood pressure monitoring, laboratory parameters

  17. Influence of the acute intraperitoneal administration of tetrazepam on blood glucose level and serum lipids in normoglycemic and normolipidemic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horák, J; Cuparencu, B; Horák, A

    The acute i.p. administration of tetrazepam (5, 7.5, 15 mg/kg) in normoglycemic and normolipidemic rats induced an increase in blood glucose level, a delay of fibrinolysis (when administered at the first two doses) and variable changes of serum lipids. These results are different from those obtained in hyperlipidemic rats treated with tetrazepam.

  18. IFCC reference measurement procedure for substance concentration determination of total carbon dioxide in blood, plasma or serum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burnett, RW; Covington, AK; Fogh-Andersen, N; Kulpmann, WR; Lewenstam, A; Mas, AHJ; VanKessel, AL; Zijlstra, WG

    A reference measurement procedure for substance concentration determination of total CO, in blood, plasma (the anticoagulant is usually heparin) or serum is described. The document covers the principle of the method, the materials and equipment needed and essential aspects of the procedure. The

  19. Utilizing of Adsorptive Transfer Stripping Technique Brdicka Reaction for Determination of Metallothioneins Level in Melanoma Cells, Blood Serum and Tissues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rene Kizek

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available In the paper we utilized the adsorptive transfer stripping differential pulse voltammetry Brdicka reaction for the determination of metallothioneins (MT in melanoma cells, animal melanoma tissues (MeLiM miniature pig and blood serum of patients with malignant melanoma. Primarily we attempted to investigate the influence of dilution of real sample on MT electrochemical response. Dilution of samples of 1 000 times was chosen the most suitable for determination of MT level in biological samples. Then we quantified the MT level in the melanoma cells, the animal melanoma tissues and the blood serum samples. The MT content in the cells varied within the range from 4.2 to 11.2 μM. At animal melanoma tissues (melanomas localized on abdomen, back limb and dorsum the highest content of MT was determined in the tumour sampled on the back of the animal and was nearly 500 μg of MTs per gram of a tissue. We also quantified content of MT in metastases, which was found in liver, spleen and lymph nodes. Moreover the average MT level in the blood serum samples from patients with melanoma was 3.0 ± 0.8 μM. MT levels determined at melanoma samples were significantly (p < 0.05 higher compared to control ones at cells, tissues and blood serum.

  20. [The use of different albumin preparations as calibrators in determining the total protein in blood serum by the biuret method].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sigalov, A B; Isaeva, N V; Bezruchkina, S V

    1993-01-01

    The authors have investigated the possibility of using various albumin preparations as calibrators in measurements of human blood serum total protein by the biuret method. Analysis of Precinorm U and Precipath U reference sera has demonstrated that use of various albumin preparations as calibrators may result in significant deviations (as much as 27%) of the resultant values from the due ones.

  1. [The determination of the double bounds in blood serum lipids by titration with ozone: the pathophysiology and diagnostic significance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Titov, V N; Lisitsin, D M; Tvorogova, M G; Ameliushkina, V A

    2000-01-01

    In this article the method of definition of double binders in lipids of blood serum in patients with different diseases basically atherosclerosis and ischemic heart disease, with use titration by ozone is given. The received data testify to an opportunity of use of this method in the diagnostic purposes.

  2. Definitive class I human leukocyte antigen expression in gestational placentation: HLA-F, HLA-E, HLA-C, and HLA-G in extravillous trophoblast invasion on placentation, pregnancy, and parturition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hackmon, Rinat; Pinnaduwage, Lakmini; Zhang, Jianhong; Lye, Stephen J; Geraghty, Daniel E; Dunk, Caroline E

    2017-06-01

    The extravillous trophoblasts (EVT) express HLA-C and HLA-G, but HLA-E and HLA-F are the subject of conflicting reports. In this study, we define the HLA expression profile during active EVT placental implantation, pregnancy development, and parturition. Immunohistochemistry, q-PCR, and Western blot were used to investigate HLA-C, HLA-E, and HLA-F placental expression across gestation from the early first trimester, late first trimester, second trimester (n=10 in each), preterm gestation (n=6) to elective term cesarean section and term vaginal deliveries (n=12, 38-41 weeks). EVT explants and Swan71 cells were used to assess HLA-C and HLA-F during active EVT migration. HLA-G, HLA-C, and HLA-F were expressed by 1st-trimester EVT and became intracellular and weaker as gestation progressed. HLA-E was only expressed in 1st-trimester placenta. HLA-F and HLA-C mRNA and protein expression levels showed a significant increase in the fetal villous mesenchyme across gestation. HLA-C levels increased with labor. We detected a 100-kDa HLA-F band in early pregnancy suggesting dimer formation on the EVT surface. These results were confirmed in EVT outgrowths and Swan71 trophoblast which showed that HLA-F and HLA-G are increased on the cell surface of migrating EVT, while HLA-C was internalized. Expression of HLA-F and HLA-G on the cell surface of actively migrating EVT supports their specific role in early EVT invasion and interactions with uterine natural killer cells. HLA-C's limited expression to the proliferative EVT suggests a protective role in the earliest events of implantation but not in active EVT invasion. We also show for the first time that HLA-C may be involved in parturition. © 2017 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  3. Arterial blood pressure but not serum albumin concentration correlates with ADC ratio values in pediatric posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Furtado, Andre; Zuccoli, Giulio [Section of Neuroradiology Children' s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC, Department of Radiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Hsu, Ariel [University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); La Colla, Luca [University of Parma, Department of Anesthesiology, Parma (Italy)

    2015-07-15

    Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a clinical-radiological entity affecting both adults and children characterized by neurotoxicity often in setting of hypertension coupled with distinct brain magnetic resonance imaging features. Decreased serum albumin level has been suggested to correlate with the presence of vasogenic brain edema in adult PRES. Serum albumin has thus been hypothesized to protect against neurotoxicity in PRES by reducing vasogenic brain edema through its role in maintaining plasma osmotic pressure and endothelial integrity. The purpose of our study was to investigate if such correlation between decreased serum albumin level and PRES-related vasogenic edema could be found in children. We conducted a retrospective study of 25 pediatric patients diagnosed with PRES. Underlying clinical conditions, presenting symptoms, blood pressures, and serum albumin levels at onset of symptoms were collected. Brain MR imaging studies were reviewed. We used a quantitative method to evaluate the degree of vasogenic edema by measuring apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the T2-FLAIR hyperintense brain lesions. No significant correlation was found between serum albumin level and degree of PRES-related vasogenic edema. A significant correlation was found between elevated blood pressure and degree of vasogenic edema in the temporal lobes (p = 0.02 and 0.04, respectively) but not in the other cerebral lobes or cerebellum. Our initial results suggest blood pressure, not serum albumin level, as a main biomarker for brain edema in children with PRES. Thus, our study does not suggest a protective role of serum albumin against PRES-related neurotoxicity in children. (orig.)

  4. Blood serum retinol levels in Asinara white donkeys reflect albinism-induced metabolic adaptation to photoperiod at Mediterranean latitudes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cappai, Maria Grazia; Lunesu, Maria Grazia Antonietta; Accioni, Francesca; Liscia, Massimo; Pusceddu, Mauro; Burrai, Lucia; Nieddu, Maria; Dimauro, Corrado; Boatto, Gianpiero; Pinna, Walter

    2017-01-01

    Previous works on albinism form of Asinara white donkeys ( Equus asinus ) identified the mutation leading to the peculiar phenotype spread to all specimens of the breed. Inbreeding naturally occurred under geographic isolation, on Asinara Island, in the Mediterranean Sea. Albino individuals can be more susceptible to develop health problems when exposed to natural sun radiation. Alternative metabolic pathways involved in photoprotection were explored in this trial. Nutrition-related metabolites are believed to contribute to the conservation of Asinara donkeys, in which melanin, guaranteeing photoprotection, is lacking. Biochemical profiles with particular focus on blood serum β-carotene and retinol levels were monitored. Identical natural grazing conditions for both Asinara (albino) and Sardo (pigmented) donkey breeds were assured on same natural pastures throughout the experimental period. A comparative metabolic screening, with emphasis on circulating retinol and nutrient-related metabolites between the two breeds, was carried out over one year. Potential intra- and interspecimen fluctuations of metabolites involved in photoprotection were monitored, both during negative and positive photoperiods. Differences ( p  =   .064) between blood serum concentrations of retinol from Asinara versus Sardo breed donkeys (0.630 vs . 0.490 μg/ml, respectively) were found. Retinol levels of blood serum turned out to be similar in the two groups (0.523 vs . 0.493 μg/ml, respectively, p  =   .051) during the negative photoperiod, but markedly differed during the positive one (0.738 vs. 0.486, respectively, p  =   .016). Blood serum β-carotene levels displayed to be constantly around the limit of sensitivity in all animals of both breeds. Variations in blood serum concentrations of retinol in Asinara white donkeys can reflect the need to cope with seasonal exposure to daylight at Mediterranean latitudes, as an alternative to the lack of melanin. These results may

  5. C. albicans increases cell wall mannoprotein, but not mannan, in response to blood, serum and cultivation at physiological temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kruppa, Michael; Greene, Rachel R; Noss, Ilka; Lowman, Douglas W; Williams, David L

    2011-09-01

    The cell wall of Candida albicans is central to the yeasts ability to withstand osmotic challenge, to adhere to host cells, to interact with the innate immune system and ultimately to the virulence of the organism. Little is known about the effect of culture conditions on the cell wall structure and composition of C. albicans. We examined the effect of different media and culture temperatures on the molecular weight (Mw), polymer distribution and composition of cell wall mannan and mannoprotein complex. Strain SC5314 was inoculated from frozen stock onto yeast peptone dextrose (YPD), blood or 5% serum agar media at 30 or 37°C prior to mannan/mannoprotein extraction. Cultivation of the yeast in blood or serum at physiologic temperature resulted in an additive effect on Mw, however, cultivation media had the greatest impact on Mw. Mannan from a yeast grown on blood or serum at 30°C showed a 38.9 and 28.6% increase in Mw, when compared with mannan from YPD-grown yeast at 30°C. Mannan from the yeast pregrown on blood or serum at 37°C showed increased Mw (8.8 and 26.3%) when compared with YPD mannan at 37°C. The changes in Mw over the entire polymer distribution were due to an increase in the amount of mannoprotein (23.8-100%) and a decrease in cell wall mannan (5.7-17.3%). We conclude that C. albicans alters the composition of its cell wall, and thus its phenotype, in response to cultivation in blood, serum and/or physiologic temperature by increasing the amount of the mannoprotein and decreasing the amount of the mannan in the cell wall.

  6. Optical diagnostic of hepatitis B (HBV) and C (HCV) from human blood serum using Raman spectroscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anwar, Shahzad; Firdous, Shamaraz

    2015-06-01

    Hepatitis is the second most common disease worldwide with half of the cases arising in the developing world. The mortality associated with hepatitis B and C can be reduced if the disease is detected at the early stages of development. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of Raman spectroscopy as a diagnostic tool to detect biochemical changes accompanying hepatitis progression. Raman spectra were acquired from 20 individuals with six hepatitis B infected patients, six hepatitis C infected patients and eight healthy patients in order to gain an insight into the determination of biochemical changes for early diagnostic. The human blood serum was examined at a 532 nm excitation laser source. Raman characteristic peaks were observed in normal sera at 1006, 1157 and 1513 cm-1, while in the case of hepatitis B and C these peaks were found to be blue shifted with decreased intensity. New Raman peaks appeared in HBV and HCV infected sera at 1194, 1302, 844, 905, 1065 and 1303 cm-1 respectively. A Mat lab subroutine and frequency domain filter program is developed and applied to signal processing of Raman scattering data. The algorithms have been successfully applied to remove the signal noise found in experimental scattering signals. The results show that Raman spectroscopy displays a high sensitivity to biochemical changes in blood sera during disease progression resulting in exceptional prediction accuracy when discriminating between normal and malignant. Raman spectroscopy shows enormous clinical potential as a rapid non-invasive diagnostic tool for hepatitis and other infectious diseases.

  7. Umbilical Cord Blood Platelet Lysate as Serum Substitute in Expansion of Human Mesenchymal Stem Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirzad, Negin; Bordbar, Sima; Goodarzi, Alireza; Mohammad, Monire; Khosravani, Pardis; Sayahpour, Froughazam; Baghaban Eslaminejad, Mohamadreza; Ebrahimi, Marzieh

    2017-10-01

    The diverse clinical applications for human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in cellular therapy and regenerative medicine warrant increased focus on developing adequate culture supplements devoid of animal-derived products. In the present study, we have investigated the feasibility of umbilical cord blood-platelet lysate (UCB-PL) as a standard substitute for fetal bovine serum (FBS) and human peripheral blood-PL (PB-PL). In this experimental study, platelet concentrates (PC) from UCB and human PB donors were frozen, melted, and sterilized to obtain PL. Quality control included platelet cell counts, sterility testing (viral and microbial), total protein concentrations, growth factor levels, and PL stability. The effects of UCB-PL and PB-PL on hMSCs proliferation and differentiation into osteocytes, chondrocytes, and adipocytes were studied and the results compared with FBS. UCB-PL contained high levels of protein content, platelet-derived growth factor- AB (PDGF-AB), and transforming growth factor (TGF) compared to PB-PL. All growth factors were stable for at least nine months post-storage at -70˚C. hMSCs proliferation enhanced following treatment with UCB-PL. With all three supplements, hMSCs could differentiate into all three lineages. PB-PL and UCB-PL both were potent in hMSCs proliferation. However, PB promoted osteoblastic differentiation and UCB-PL induced chondrogenic differentiation. Because of availability, ease of use and feasible standardization of UCB-PL, we have suggested that UCB-PL be used as an alternative to FBS and PB-PL for the cultivation and expansion of hMSCs in cellular therapy.

  8. Comparison of extraction and quantification methods of perfluorinated compounds in human plasma, serum, and whole blood

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reagen, William K. [3M Environmental Laboratory, 3M Center, Building 0260-05-N-17, St. Paul, MN 55144-1000 (United States)], E-mail: wkreagen@mmm.com; Ellefson, Mark E. [3M Environmental Laboratory, 3M Center, Building 0260-05-N-17, St. Paul, MN 55144-1000 (United States); Kannan, Kurunthachalam [Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health and Department of Environmental Health Sciences (United States); State University of New York at Albany, NY 12201-0509 (United States); Giesy, John P. [Department of Veterinary Biomedical Sciences and Toxicology Centre, University of Saskatchewan, 44 Campus Drive, Saskatoon, SK (Canada); Department of Biology and Chemistry, Center for Coastal Pollution and Conservation, City University of Hong Kong, Tat Chee Avenue, Kowloon, Hong Kong (China); Zoology Department, National Food Safety and Toxicology Center, Center for Integrative Toxicology, Michigan State University, E. Lansing, MI (United States); School of Environment, Nanjing University, Nanjing (China)

    2008-11-03

    Perfluorinated compounds are ubiquitous in the environment and have been reported to occur in human blood. Accurate risk assessments require accurate measurements of exposures, but identification and quantification of PFCs in biological matrices can be affected by both ion suppression and enhancement in liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry techniques (LC/MS-MS). A study was conducted to quantify potential biases in LC/MS-MS quantification methods. Using isotopically labeled perfluorooctanoic acid ([{sup 13}C{sub 2}]-PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid ([{sup 13}C{sub 2}]-PFNA), and ammonium perfluorooctanesulfonate ([{sup 18}O{sub 2}]-PFOS) spiked tissues, ion-pairing extraction, solid-phase extraction, and protein precipitation sample preparation techniques were compared. Analytical accuracy was assessed using both solvent calibration and matrix-matched calibration for quantification. Data accuracy and precision of 100 {+-} 15% was demonstrated in both human sera and plasma for all three sample preparation techniques when matrix-matched calibration was used in quantification. In contrast, quantification of ion-pairing extraction data using solvent calibration in combination with a surrogate internal standard resulted in significant analytical biases for all target analytes. The accuracy of results, based on solvent calibration was highly variable and dependent on the serum and plasma matrices, the specific target analyte [{sup 13}C{sub 2}]-PFOA, [{sup 13}C{sub 2}]-PFNA, or [{sup 18}O{sub 2}]-PFOS, the target analyte concentration, the LC/MS-MS instrumentation used in data generation, and the specific surrogate internal standard used in quantification. These results suggest that concentrations of PFCs reported for human blood using surrogate internal standards in combination with external solvent calibration can be inaccurate unless biases are accounted for in data quantification.

  9. Blood mercury can be a factor of elevated serum ferritin: analysis of Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2008-2012).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joo, Nam-Seok; Choi, Young-Hwa; Yeum, Kyung-Jin; Park, Soo-Jung; Choi, Beomhee; Kim, Young-Sang

    2015-03-01

    Serum ferritin as well as blood mercury are reported to be associated with chronic inflammation. However, the relation between serum ferritin and blood mercury has not yet been established. We utilized the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES, 2008-2012) 10,977 subjects (5433 males and 5544 females). To evaluate the association of serum ferritin and blood mercury cross-sectionally, complex sample analysis was conducted after adjustment for the relevant variables. Serum concentrations of ferritin and blood mercury were higher in males than in females (115.7 ± 1.7 vs. 40.9 ± 0.7 ng/mL and 5.0 ± 0.1 vs. 3.6 ± 0.1 μg/L, respectively). Serum ferritin and blood mercury concentrations had significant correlations in both genders after adjustment (r = 0.062, P analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) test showed significantly higher serum ferritin according to the tertile of blood mercury (P = 0.007) in males. The adjusted odds ratio of having the highest tertile of serum ferritin in the top tertile of blood mercury in males was 1.52 (95 % confidence interval (CI), 1.05-2.21). Thus, the current study indicates that blood mercury concentration can be a factor for the elevated serum ferritin concentration.

  10. High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol, Blood Urea Nitrogen, and Serum Creatinine Can Predict Severe Acute Pancreatitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wandong Hong

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims. Early prediction of disease severity of acute pancreatitis (AP would be helpful for triaging patients to the appropriate level of care and intervention. The aim of the study was to develop a model able to predict Severe Acute Pancreatitis (SAP. Methods. A total of 647 patients with AP were enrolled. The demographic data, hematocrit, High-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol (HDL-C determinant at time of admission, Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN, and serum creatinine (Scr determinant at time of admission and 24 hrs after hospitalization were collected and analyzed statistically. Results. Multivariate logistic regression indicated that HDL-C at admission and BUN and Scr at 24 hours (hrs were independently associated with SAP. A logistic regression function (LR model was developed to predict SAP as follows: −2.25–0.06 HDL-C (mg/dl at admission + 0.06 BUN (mg/dl at 24 hours + 0.66 Scr (mg/dl at 24 hours. The optimism-corrected c-index for LR model was 0.832 after bootstrap validation. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for LR model for the prediction of SAP was 0.84. Conclusions. The LR model consists of HDL-C at admission and BUN and Scr at 24 hours, representing an additional tool to stratify patients at risk of SAP.

  11. [Direct proteome profiling of human blood serum in the experiment with 5-day dry immersion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastushkova, L Kh; Pakharukova, N A; Trifonova, O P; Dobrokhotov, I V; Valeeva, O A; Larina, I M

    2011-01-01

    Purpose of the investigation was to determine changes in blood plasma proteome in healthy human subjects (n = 14, 19 to 26 y.o.) in an experiment with dry immersion (DI). Plasma samples were drawn 7 and 2 days before the exposure, on DI days 2, 3 and 5, and on days 1, 3, 7 and 15 after the experiment. Previous to direct MALDI-TOF mass-spectrometric profiling, serum samples were pre-fractionated and enriched with magnetic particles MB WCX (WCX--a weak cation exchanger) on ClinProt (Bruker Daltonics). In each spectrum, 175 MS-peaks were detected on average within the mass range from 1000 to 17,000 Da with the signal/noise ratio = 5. Student's criterion (p profile peaks). On DI days 2 and 3, growth of peak areas was observed in fragments of complement system proteins C3 and C4, high-molecular kininogen and fibrinogen that can be attributed to organism adaptation to conditions of the experiment. Significant increases of the peak area of apolipoprotein CI (reduced form with segregated threonine and proline) and C4 enzymes of the complement system, and fibrinogen on the first day after the experiment can be related to changes in motor activities of the subjects.

  12. Oxidative Modification of Blood Serum Proteins in Multiple Sclerosis after Interferon Beta and Melatonin Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Adamczyk-Sowa

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Multiple sclerosis (MS is a disease involving oxidative stress (OS. This study was aimed at examination of the effect of melatonin supplementation on OS parameters, especially oxidative protein modifications of blood serum proteins, in MS patients. The study included 11 control subjects, 14 de novo diagnosed MS patients with the relapsing-remitting form of MS (RRMS, 36 patients with RRMS receiving interferon beta-1b (250 μg every other day, and 25 RRMS patients receiving interferon beta-1b plus melatonin (5 mg daily. The levels of N′-formylkynurenine, kynurenine, dityrosine, carbonyl groups, advanced glycation products (AGEs, advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP, and malondialdehyde were elevated in nontreated RRSM patients. N′-Formylkynurenine, kynurenine, AGEs, and carbonyl contents were decreased only in the group treated with interferon beta plus melatonin, while dityrosine and AOPP contents were decreased both in the group of patients treated with interferon beta and in the group treated with interferon beta-1b plus melatonin. These results demonstrate that melatonin ameliorates OS in MS patients supporting the view that combined administration of interferon beta-1b and melatonin can be more effective in reducing OS in MS patients than interferon beta-1b alone.

  13. The French interlaboratory quality assessment programme for copper, zinc and selenium in blood serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baruthio, F; Arnaud, J; Pierre, F

    1996-01-01

    The group for quality assurance for trace elements of the Société Française de Biologie Clinique (SFBC) has operated an interlaboratory quality assessment programme for copper, zinc and selenium determinations in blood serum since 1988. The primary objective is to enable participants to maintain or improve the accuracy of their analytical performances by comparing their results with other laboratories, every two months, on the basis of three quality criteria: comparison to the mean value, recovery of added copper, zinc and selenium, between-run reproducibility for identical samples. A further aim of this scheme is to evaluate interlaboratory transferability of the results. The procedure for individual and overall evaluation is reported. For each participant a performance score is calculated for each quality criteria, and a global score is attributed. The analytical performances of the participants were considered "good", "acceptable" or "inadequate" according to their global scores. Some of the results observed in this scheme are interpreted on the basis of differences between the notions of quality control and total quality assurance.

  14. The usefulness of monitored therapy using Clozapine concentration in the blood serum for determining drug dose in Polish schizophrenic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piwowarska, Jadwiga; Radziwoń-Zaleska, Maria; Dmochowska, Martyna; Szepietowska, Ewa; Matsumoto, Halina; Sygitowicz, Grażyna; Pilc, Andrzej; Łukaszkiewicz, Jacek

    2016-12-01

    The aim of the study is to evaluate the advisability of systematic monitoring of clozapine (CLO) concentration in serum during treatment of schizophrenia in Polish psychiatric patients. The concentration of CLO and its metabolites: norclozapine (NCLO) and clozapine N-oxide (CLO-NO) in serum obtained from 107 patients suffering from schizophrenia was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method. There were two groups of patients. In the first group of patients (n=95) the concentration of drug and its metabolites was determined by one-time testing. Correlations were tested using the test statistics. In the second group of patients (n=12), 51 samples of serum were provided by the same patient in different time spans (from 6days to 14 months after the beginning of the treatment). Concentrations of CLO and its metabolites in blood serum do not always show a linear dependence on the applied dose for individual patients. The high volatility of CLO concentrations in blood serum of patients treated with identical doses of the drug confirmed the validity of the monitored therapy. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Urban & Partner Sp. z o.o.

  15. ZINC SERUM LEVEL AND PERIPHERAL BLOOD MONOCYTE COUNT OF MULTIBACILAR LEPROSY PATIENT LOWER THAN PAUCIBACILAR LEPROSY IN RSUP SANGLAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putu Kurniawan Dhana

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Zinc has been known to have important role in the immune system. Zinc deficiency can inhibit activation and production cytokine of Th1 and  may cause cellular immunity dysfunction. This conditon also may cause changes of lymphopoiesis and hematopoiesis also peripheral blood of mononuclear cell as mononuclear fagocyte. The Aim of this study is to know zinc serum status and peripheral blood monocyte count of leprosy patient in Dermato Venerologi policlinic Sanglah hospital Denpasar. This study use cross sectional design. Sample of study take by consecutive sampling with sample size contains 75 patient.  Mean of zinc serum status on multibacillary leprosy patient is 5.66  (SB 11.74 found lower compare to paucibacillary leprosy patient 19.38 (SB 18.21 and statistically significant with P < 0.05. Mean of peripheral blood monocyte count in multibacillary patient is 7.12 (SB 2.53 lower compare to paucibacillary leprosy patient with 7.88 (SB 3.08, but statistically not significant with P > 0.05. Binary logistic analysis show the influence of zinc serum status to probability to have leprosy. This study suggest correction of serum zinc level in leprosy patient through nutritional approach or the granting of a supplement of zinc

  16. The effects of subclinical hypothyroidism on serum lipid level and TLR4 expression of monocyte in peripheral blood of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Shuan-suo; Tang, Lei; Li, Ruo-gu; Ge, Guang-hao; Qu, Xin-kai; Ma, Jiang-wei; Qiao, Zeng-yong; Zhang, Li; Liu, Hua-jin; Hou, Yue-mei; Cao, Hua; Hao, Zhi-min; Cheng, Wen-bo; Wang, Hong-wei

    2014-01-01

    To observe effect of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) on serum lipid level and expression of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in rats' peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). Fifty Wistar female rats were divided into three groups: normal control (NC group; n=10), sham group (n=10), and L-T-4 (L-thyroxine) group (n=30, with thyroidectomy, fed with rich-calcium water after operation. 5 weeks later, abdominal subcutaneous injection of L-T-4: 0.95 μg/100g/d). 8 weeks later, the rats were killed then the peripheral blood was collected to determine the levels of serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), total thyroid hormone (TT4), total cholesterol (TC) and low density lipoprotein cholesterin (LDL-C). Rats in L-T-4 group were divided into normal lipid (NL) group) and high lipid (HL) group) according to lipid value of NC group. Monocytes were separated from blood to determine TLR4 expression by flow cytometry. In NL and HL groups TSH were higher than in NC and Sham groups (p0.05). TLR4, TLR4 mRNA, NF-κB (p65) were increased (p0.05). TLR4, TLR4 mRNA, NF-κB (p65) of PBMC and TNF-α, IL-6, IL-1β expression in serum were all increased in SCH rats, which was not related to serum dyslipidemia.

  17. Blood haematology, muscle pH and serum cortisol changes in pigs with different levels of drip loss.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koomkrong, Nunyarat; Boonkaewwan, Chaiwat; Laenoi, Watchara; Kayan, Autchara

    2017-12-01

    An experiment was conducted to study the blood haematology, muscle pH, and serum cortisol changes in pigs with different levels of drip loss. Two groups (low and high) of 20 animals were selected from 100 pigs based on drip loss. All [Duroc× (Large White×Landrace)] pigs were slaughtered according to standard slaughtering procedures. At exsanguinations, blood samples were taken for the haematological parameters and serum cortisol analysis. The muscle samples were taken from longissimus dorsi muscle to evaluate the muscle pH and drip loss. Haematological parameters of low drip loss group showed higher content of white blood cells and monocytes than high drip loss group (ploss group had higher muscle pH at 45 min (ploss group. However, there was no significant difference in serum cortisol levels (p>0.05). Drip loss is mainly affected by the muscle pH decline after slaughter and also might be affected by white blood cells and monocytes.

  18. Influence of body weight on the relationships of alcohol drinking with blood pressure and serum lipids in women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wakabayashi, Ichiro

    2009-11-01

    To determine whether body weight influences the associations of habitual alcohol drinking with blood pressure and serum lipids in women. The subjects were 16,805 healthy women at ages of 35-54 years, and data were collected at work places of the subjects in Yamagata Prefecture in Japan from April 1999 to March 2000. The subjects were divided into three tertile groups of body weight and were further divided into three subgroups by average ethanol intake [non-, light ( or =15 g per day) drinkers]. In the first and second tertile groups of body weight, mean systolic and diastolic blood pressure and prevalence of high systolic or diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher in heavy drinkers than in non-drinkers, while these differences were not observed in the third tertile group of body weight. On the other hand, in all tertile groups of body weight, mean serum HDL and LDL cholesterol levels were higher and lower, respectively, in light and heavy drinkers than in non-drinkers, and prevalence of low HDL cholesterol or high LDL cholesterol was significantly lower in heavy drinkers than in non-drinkers. The results suggest that body weight influences the association of alcohol drinking with blood pressure but not the associations of alcohol drinking with serum HDL and LDL cholesterol.

  19. Statistical Evaluation of Trace Metals, TSH and T4 in Blood Serum of Thyroid Disease Patients in Comparison with Controls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanif, Sidra; Ilyas, Asim; Shah, Munir H

    2017-08-23

    The present study is based on the measurement of concentrations of selected trace metals (Fe, Zn, Cu, Co, Mn, Ni, Cr, Cd and Pb) and thyroid hormones (TSH and T4) in blood serum of hypothyroid and hyperthyroid patients in comparison with healthy donors/controls in order to establish the imbalances of the trace metals in diseased subjects. The serum samples were digested in HNO3-HClO4 mixture and quantification of the metals was performed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Average levels of Fe, Ni, Cu, Cr, Pb and TSH were found to be significantly higher (p < 0.05) in the serum of hypothyroid patients compared with other donor categories, while mean concentrations of Mn, Cd and T4 were significantly elevated in the serum of hyperthyroid patients compared with other donor groups (p < 0.05). The correlation pattern of trace metals in the serum of patient groups revealed significantly different mutual associations compared with the controls. PCA and CA pointed out the interferences of the toxic metals with essential metals in the serum of both patient groups compared with the controls. Most of the metals exhibited noticeable disparities in their concentrations based on gender, food habits and tobacco use for all donor groups. Thus, the pathogenesis of thyroid diseases is significantly affecting the essential trace and toxic metals balance in both patients groups.

  20. GUAR GUM EFFECTS ON BLOOD SERUM LIPIDS AND GLUCOSE CONCENTRATIONS OF WISTAR DIABETIC RATS1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea DARIO FRIAS

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available The effects of guar gum derived from the endosperm of Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (75% soluble fiber, 7.6% insoluble fiber, 2.16% crude protein, 0.78% total lipids, 0.54% ash and 9.55% moisture on diabetic rats were studied concerning food intake, body weight gain, blood serum cholesterol, triacylglycerols, glucose, LDL-, and HDL-cholesterol concentrations. The effect of gum on indexes of protein absorption and utilization was also investigated. Diets containing 0%, 10% and 20% (w/w guar gum were fed to diabetic rats for 28 days. In spite of the fact that diabetes elevated blood lipids in all animals, guar gum diet significantly decreased (p Os efeitos da goma guar derivada do endosperma de Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (75% fibra solúvel, 7,6% fibra insolúvel, 2,16% proteína bruta, 0,78% lipídios totais, 0,54% cinza e 9,55% umidade foram estudados em relação à ingestão de alimento, ganho de peso corporal, concentrações séricas de colesterol, triacilgliceróis, glicose, HDL e LDL-colesterol. O efeito da goma sobre índices de absorção e utilização de proteína também foi investigado. Dietas contendo 0%, 10% e 20% de goma guar foram utilizadas na alimentação de ratos diabéticos por 28 dias. Apesar do diabetes ter elevado os lipídios sangüíneos em todos animais, as dietas com goma guar decresceram significantemente (p <0,05 as concentrações séricas de colesterol e triacilgliceróis. Além disso, foi encontrado um aumento no nível de HDL-colesterol, com uma elevação substancial na relação de HDL/LDL colesterol. O resultado mais significativo deste ensaio, foi a drástica redução da glicose sangüínea nos ratos diabéticos tratados com dietas contendo goma guar. A goma promoveu uma melhora geral nas condições dos animais diabéticos, no ganho de peso corporal e nos índices de absorção e utilização protéica. Os resultados desta pesquisa sugerem que a goma guar, em concentrações igual ou superiores a 10%, podem ser

  1. Mercury in hair and blood from residents of Phnom Penh (Cambodia) and possible effect on serum hormone levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agusa, Tetsuro; Kunito, Takashi; Iwata, Hisato; Monirith, In; Chamnan, Chhoun; Tana, Touch Seang; Subramanian, Annamalai; Tanabe, Shinsuke

    2007-06-01

    High concentration of mercury (Hg) in hair has been reported for Cambodians. To confirm the Hg contamination occurring through intake, Hg concentrations were determined in both hair and blood of residents (n=20) from Phnom Penh, Cambodia. Mercury concentrations in the hair and blood were 0.69-190microg g(-1) dry wt and 5.2-58microg l(-1), respectively, which were lower than those from Hg contaminated or high fish intake regions, but were higher than those from non-contaminated regions. Some female subjects had hair and blood Hg levels exceeding the threshold values for neurotoxic effects. Interestingly, serum estrone and estradiol levels were positively correlated with blood Hg level for both males and females, indicating possible induction of female hormones by Hg exposure in Cambodians.

  2. Positive correlation of serum HDL cholesterol with blood mercury concentration in metabolic syndrome Korean men (analysis of KNANES 2008-2010, 2013).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, S J; Yeum, K J; Choi, B; Kim, Y S; Joo, N S

    2016-09-01

    High-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) is anti-inflammatory in the basal state and pro-inflammatory during the acute-phase response. Blood mercury also has an inflammatory property. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between serum HDLC and blood mercury concentration in relation with metabolic syndrome (MS). The data of 7616 subjects (3713 men and 3903 women), over 20 years of age, from 2008 to 2013, Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were selected for cross-sectional analyses. Correlation and regression of serum HDLC and blood mercury were initially done. We compared serum HDLC concentration according to blood mercury quartile after adjustment for relevant variables in subjects with MS. Mean blood mercury concentrations is 5.6 and 3.9 μg/dL in men and women, respectively. Blood mercury concentration in MS subjects was positively correlated with serum HDLC concentration, especially in men. In addition, HDLC concentration was significantly higher according to the higher blood mercury quartile. Serum HDLC was positively associated with blood mercury concentration in MS Korean men. Therefore, elevated blood mercury may be a factor to increase serum HDLC concentration in MS men.

  3. Elevated Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) levels in the blood serum of dogs with malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sobczyńska-Rak, Aleksandra; Polkowska, Izabela; Silmanowicz, Piotr

    2014-09-01

    Angiogenesis plays an essential role in the development of a neoplastic tumour by conditioning both its growth and the formation of metastases. The induction of blood vessel growth occurs under the influence of proangiogenic factors, among which Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) seems to be the most important. The aim of this research was to study the level of VEGF measured by ELISA in the serum of dogs with neoplasms of the oral cavity. The study material comprised samples of neoplastic tissue from 17 operated dogs and the serum of the examined animals as well as of dogs from the control group. The tissue samples were taken from dogs of different breeds, aged 6-14 years. The tumour type was determined in accordance with the applicable WHO classification. Blood samples taken from sick dogs and from animals of the control group were centrifuged, and immunoenzymatic labelling of VEGF was performed in the obtained serum using ELISA and R&D system reagents (Quantikine Canine VEGF). All stages of VEGF labelling were performed according to the recommendation of the test manufacturer. The median of VEGF in the serum of the dogs with neoplasms of the oral cavity was 40.64 pg/mL. The lowest value of 14.26 pg/mL was observed in the case of fibrosarcoma, and the highest value of 99.19 pg/mL in the case of squamous cell carcinoma. The VEGF median in the control group amounted to 11.14 pg/mL whereas the VEGF value in the groups of animals diagnosed with benign tumours ranged between 2.30 and 19.74 pg/mL. Elevated VEGF in the blood serum, in comparison with the benign tumour group and the control group, was observed in all examined neoplasms of the oral cavity. It was suggested that overexpression of VEGF can have a prognostic value and is useful in the early detection of neoplasms.

  4. Blood Haematology, Serum Thyroid Hormones and Glutathione Peroxidase Status in Kacang Goats Fed Inorganic Iodine and Selenium Supplemented Diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. A. Aghwan

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The effects of dietary supplementation of selenium (Se, iodine (I, and a combination of both on the blood haematology, serum free thyroxine (FT4 and free triiodothyronine (FT3 hormones and glutathione peroxidase enzyme (GSH-Px activity were examined on twenty four (7 to 8 months old, 22±1.17 kg live weight Kacang crossbred male goats. Animals were randomly assigned to four dietary treatments (6 animals in each group. Throughout 100 d of feeding trial, the animals of control group (CON received a basal diet, while the other three groups were offered basal diet supplemented with 0.6 mg/kg diet DM Se (SS, or 0.6 mg/kg diet DM I (PI, or a combination of both Se and I, each at 0.6 mg/kg diet DM (SSPI. The haematological attributes which are haemoglobin (Hb, red blood cell (RBC, packed cell volume (PCV, mean cell volume (MCV, white blood cells (WBC, band neutrophils (B Neut, segmented neutrophils (S Neut, lymphocytes (Lymph, monocytes (Mono, eosinophils (Eosin and basophils (Baso were similar among the four treatment groups, while serum levels of Se and I increased significantly (p<0.05 in the supplemented groups. The combined dietary supplementation of Se and I (SSPI significantly increased serum FT3 in the supplemented animals. Serum GSH-Px activity increased significantly in the animals of SS and SSPI groups. It is concluded that the dietary supplementation of inorganic Se and I at a level of 0.6 mg/kg DM increased serum Se and I concentration, FT3 hormone and GSH-Px activity of Kacang crossbred male goats.

  5. Nutrient intake, blood pressure, serum and urinary prostaglandins and serum thromboxane B2 in a controlled trial with a lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouse, I L; Beilin, L J; Mahoney, D P; Margetts, B M; Armstrong, B K; Record, S J; Vandongen, R; Barden, A

    1986-04-01

    Fifty-nine healthy omnivores volunteered for a randomized crossover trial with a lacto-ovo-vegetarian (L-O-V) diet. Twenty-one 1-day diet records were kept throughout the project as a means of assessing food and nutrient intakes, and samples of serum and urine were assayed to evaluate change in prostanoid metabolism. While on the L-O-V diet subjects ate more vegetable protein, wholegrain cereals, polyunsaturated oils, fruits and vegetables, and avoided eating meat, fish or poultry. The L-O-V diet contained significantly more polyunsaturated fatty acids, fibre, vitamin C, vitamin E, magnesium, calcium and potassium, and less total protein, saturated fat, monounsaturated fat and vitamin B12 than the control omnivore diet. Changes in nutrient intakes were subjected to principal components analysis to identify dimensions of change in nutrient intakes. Three Factors accounted for 83% of the total variation in dietary intake. Blood pressure changes were significantly and negatively (F = 17.4, P less than 0.001 for systolic; F = 6.09, P = 0.02 for diastolic pressure) related to individual scores for only one Factor--that representing an increase in intake of polyunsaturated fat, fibre, vitamin C, vitamin E, calcium and magnesium, and a fall in intake of protein and vitamin B12. Blood pressure changes were unrelated to change in body weight or sodium intake. Serum and urinary prostanoids were not affected by eating the L-O-V diet.

  6. Study of the Effect of Garlic on Serum Lipids and Blood Glucose Levels in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Afkhami - Ardekani

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hyperlipidemia and diabetes are common risk factors for ischemic heart disease, which is the main cause of mortality in diabetic patients. Strict control of blood glucose and other risk factors in diabetics has led to prevention of complications. Garlic has received particular attention for control of blood glucose and decrease in blood lipid levels. At present, several studies have been carried out in order to prove advantages of garlic. Methods: In this study, effects of garsin (a derivative of garlic present in our country on serum lipids and blood glucose levels in diabetes mellitus type 2 patients was observed. Forty-five type 2 diabetics who had hyperlipidemia were selected. These patients were kept on treatment with 3 tablets of Garsin / day for 4 weeks. Serum lipids and blood glucose levels were measured prior to and at the end of treatment. Results: Relationship between sex and response to treatment in this study was meaningful, such that Gsarsin led to decrease in LDL-C and increase in HDL in females. Conclusion: Therefore, Garsin can be used as an adjunct to treatment in diabetes type 2 patients with hyperlipidemia.

  7. Effect of immunosuppressant blood levels on serum concentration of interleukin-17 and -23 in stable liver transplant recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fábrega, E; López-Hoyos, M; San Segundo, D; Casafont, F; Benito, M J; Pons-Romero, F

    2009-04-01

    T(H)17 cells have been recently described to be involved in inflammatory and immune-mediated diseases, but there is no evidence of their role in human liver transplantation. Interleukin (IL)-23 is considered an inducer cytokine, whereas IL-17 is the main cytokine released by T(H)17 cells. The aim of our study was to measure the serum levels of IL-17 and IL-23 in stable liver transplant recipients and examine the influence of immunosuppressant concentrations. Serum levels of IL-23 and IL-17 were determined in 38 healthy subjects and 35 stable hepatic transplant recipients who were free of rejection episodes for at least 8 years. The results were analyzed according to the simultaneous blood levels of cyclosporine (n = 20) or tacrolimus (n = 15). No significant differences were observed in the serum levels of IL-17 and IL-23 between healthy subjects and transplanted patients. In addition, patients with low blood levels of tacrolimus (<6 ng/mL), but not cyclosporine, showed significantly lower serum levels of the 2 cytokines. These preliminary results suggested a lack of activation of the T(H)17 pathway, which was more pronounced among the patient subgroup treated with tacrolimus.

  8. Deep-Dive Targeted Quantification for Ultrasensitive Analysis of Proteins in Nondepleted Human Blood Plasma/Serum and Tissues

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nie, Song [Biological Sciences Division; Shi, Tujin [Biological Sciences Division; Fillmore, Thomas L. [Biological Sciences Division; Schepmoes, Athena A. [Biological Sciences Division; Brewer, Heather [Biological Sciences Division; Gao, Yuqian [Biological Sciences Division; Song, Ehwang [Biological Sciences Division; Wang, Hui [Biological Sciences Division; Rodland, Karin D. [Biological Sciences Division; Qian, Wei-Jun [Biological Sciences Division; Smith, Richard D. [Biological Sciences Division; Liu, Tao [Biological Sciences Division

    2017-08-11

    Mass spectrometry-based targeted proteomics (e.g., selected reaction monitoring, SRM) is emerging as an attractive alternative to immunoassays for protein quantification. Recently we have made significant progress in SRM sensitivity for enabling quantification of low ng/mL to sub-ng/mL level proteins in nondepleted human blood plasma/serum without affinity enrichment. However, precise quantification of extremely low abundant but biologically important proteins (e.g., ≤100 pg/mL in blood plasma/serum) using targeted proteomics approaches still remains challenging. To address this need, we have developed an antibody-independent Deep-Dive SRM (DD-SRM) approach that capitalizes on multidimensional high-resolution reversed-phase liquid chromatography (LC) separation for target peptide enrichment combined with precise selection of target peptide fractions of interest, significantly improving SRM sensitivity by ~5 orders of magnitude when compared to conventional LC-SRM. Application of DD-SRM to human serum and tissue has been demonstrated to enable precise quantification of endogenous proteins at ~10 pg/mL level in nondepleted serum and at <10 copies per cell level in tissue. Thus, DD-SRM holds great promise for precisely measuring extremely low abundance proteins or protein modifications, especially when high-quality antibody is not available.

  9. Determination of total creatine kinase activity in blood serum using an amperometric biosensor based on glucose oxidase and hexokinase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kucherenko, I S; Soldatkin, O O; Lagarde, F; Jaffrezic-Renault, N; Dzyadevych, S V; Soldatkin, A P

    2015-11-01

    Creatine kinase (CK: adenosine-5-triphosphate-creatine phosphotransferase) is an important enzyme of muscle cells; the presence of a large amount of the enzyme in blood serum is a biomarker of muscular injuries, such as acute myocardial infarction. This work describes a bi-enzyme (glucose oxidase and hexokinase based) biosensor for rapid and convenient determination of CK activity by measuring the rate of ATP production by this enzyme. Simultaneously the biosensor determines glucose concentration in the sample. Platinum disk electrodes were used as amperometric transducers. Glucose oxidase and hexokinase were co-immobilized via cross-linking with BSA by glutaraldehyde and served as a biorecognition element of the biosensor. The biosensor work at different concentrations of CK substrates (ADP and creatine phosphate) was investigated; optimal concentration of ADP was 1mM, and creatine phosphate - 10 mM. The reproducibility of the biosensor responses to glucose, ATP and CK during a day was tested (relative standard deviation of 15 responses to glucose was 2%, to ATP - 6%, to CK - 7-18% depending on concentration of the CK). Total time of CK analysis was 10 min. The measurements of creatine kinase in blood serum samples were carried out (at 20-fold sample dilution). Twentyfold dilution of serum samples was chosen as optimal for CK determination. The biosensor could distinguish healthy and ill people and evaluate the level of CK increase. Thus, the biosensor can be used as a test-system for CK analysis in blood serum or serve as a component of multibiosensors for determination of important blood substances. Determination of activity of other kinases by the developed biosensor is also possible for research purposes. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  10. Multicommuted flow system for the determination of glucose in animal blood serum exploiting enzymatic reaction and chemiluminescence detection

    OpenAIRE

    Pires,Cherrine K.; Martelli,Patrícia B.; Reis, Boaventura F.; Lima, José L. F. C.; Saraiva, Maria Lúcia M. F. S.

    2003-01-01

    An automatic flow procedure based on multicommutation dedicated for the determination of glucose in animal blood serum using glucose oxidase with chemiluminescence detection is described. The flow manifold consisted of a set of three-way solenoid valves assembled to implement multicommutation. A microcomputer furnished with an electronic interface and software written in Quick BASIC 4.5 controlled the manifold and performed data acquisition. Glucose oxidase was immobilized on porous silica be...

  11. Determination of total creatine kinase activity in blood serum using an amperometric biosensor based on glucose oxidase and hexokinase

    OpenAIRE

    Kucherenko, Ivan S; Soldatkin, Oleksandr O.; Lagarde, Florence; Jaffrezic-Renault, Nicole; Dzyadevych, S. V.; Soldatkin, A. P.

    2015-01-01

    International audience; Creatine kinase (CK: adenosine-5-triphosphate-creatine phosphotransferase) is an important enzyme of muscle cells; the presence of a large amount of the enzyme in blood serum is a biomarker of muscular injuries, such as acute myocardial infarction. This work describes a bi-enzyme (glucose oxidase and hexokinase based) biosensor for rapid and convenient determination of CK activity by measuring the rate of ATP production by this enzyme. Simultaneously the biosensor dete...

  12. Concentrations of Polychlorinated Biphenyls and Organochlorine Pesticides in Umbilical Cord Blood Serum of Newborns in Kingston, Jamaica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad H. Rahbar

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available To date much of the biomonitoring related to exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs and organochlorine (OC pesticides is from middle to high income countries, including the U.S., Canada and Europe, but such data are lacking for the majority of low to middle income countries. Using data from 64 pregnant mothers who were enrolled in 2011, we aimed to assess the concentrations of the aforementioned toxins in umbilical cord blood serum of 67 Jamaican newborns. For 97 of the 100 PCB congeners and 16 of the 17 OC pesticides, all (100% concentrations were below their respective limits of detection (LOD. Mean (standard deviation (SD lipid-adjusted concentrations in cord blood serum for congeners PCB-153, PCB-180, PCB-206 and total PCB were 14.25 (3.21, 7.16 (1.71, 7.30 (1.74 and 28.15 (6.03 ng/g-lipid, respectively. The means (SD for the 4,4′-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (DDE-hexane fraction and total-DDE were 61.61 (70.78 and 61.60 (70.76 ng/g-lipid, respectively. Compared to the U.S. and Canada, the concentrations of these toxins were lower in cord-blood serum of Jamaican newborns. We discuss that these differences could be partly due to differences in dietary patterns in these countries. Despite limitations in our dataset, our results provide information on the investigated toxins in cord blood serum that could serve as a reference for Jamaican newborns.

  13. Mobile and cordless telephones, serum transthyretin and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier: a cross-sectional study

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    Carlberg Michael

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Whether low-intensity radiofrequency radiation damages the blood-brain barrier has long been debated, but little or no consideration has been given to the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier. In this cross-sectional study we tested whether long-term and/or short-term use of wireless telephones was associated with changes in the serum transthyretin level, indicating altered transthyretin concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid, possibly reflecting an effect of radiation. Methods One thousand subjects, 500 of each sex aged 18–65 years, were randomly recruited using the population registry. Data on wireless telephone use were assessed by a postal questionnaire and blood samples were analyzed for serum transthyretin concentrations determined by standard immunonephelometric techniques on a BN Prospec® instrument. Results The response rate was 31.4%. Logistic regression of dichotomized TTR serum levels with a cut-point of 0.31 g/l on wireless telephone use yielded increased odds ratios that were statistically not significant. Linear regression of time since first use overall and on the day that blood was withdrawn gave different results for males and females: for men significantly higher serum concentrations of TTR were seen the longer an analogue telephone or a mobile and cordless desktop telephone combined had been used, and in contrast, significantly lower serum levels were seen the longer an UMTS telephone had been used. Adjustment for fractions of use of the different telephone types did not modify the effect for cumulative use or years since first use for mobile telephone and DECT, combined. For women, linear regression gave a significant association for short-term use of mobile and cordless telephones combined, indicating that the sooner blood was withdrawn after the most recent telephone call, the higher the expected transthyretin concentration. Conclusion In this hypothesis-generating descriptive study time since first

  14. Effect of Oral Contraceptive Pills on the Blood Serum Enzymes and DNA Damage in Lymphocytes Among Users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naz, Falaq; Jyoti, Smita; Rahul; Akhtar, Nishat; Siddique, Yasir Hasan

    2016-07-01

    The continuous use of synthetic hormones as contraceptive pill or hormonal replacement therapy among women is increasing day by day. The widespread use of different formulations as oral contraceptives by women throughout their reproductive cycle has given rise to a serious concern for studying the effects of oral contraceptives on enzymatic profile and DNA damage in peripheral blood lymphocytes among users. The present study was carried out on women taking oral contraceptives. The study was based on the questionnaire having the information of reproductive history, fasting, age, health, nature of menstrual cycle, bleeding and other disease. The profile of the blood serum enzymes i.e. alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aminotransferases (SGOT and SGPT), serum proteins (albumin and globulin) and DNA damage in lymphocytes was studied among users and non-users. The results of the present study suggest that OCs not only effects enzymatic activity but also results in DNA damage that may vary with the duration of using oral contraceptives. A significant increase in LDH, GGT, SGPT, SGOT, globulin and decrease in ALP as well as albumin was found among users as compared to non-users. The observed DNA damage was more in users as compared to non-users. Hormonal contraceptives seem to exert DNA damage and also have significant effects on blood serum enzymes.

  15. [Effect of low-intensity 900 MHz frequency electromagnetic radiation on rat liver and blood serum enzyme activities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nersesova, L S; Petrosian, M S; Gazariants, M G; Mkrtchian, Z S; Meliksetian, G O; Pogosian, L G; Akopian, Zh I

    2014-01-01

    The comparative analysis of the rat liver and blood serum creatine kinase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and purine nucleoside phosphorylase post-radiation activity levels after a total two-hour long single and fractional exposure of the animals to low-intensity 900 MHz frequency electromagnetic field showed that the most sensitive enzymes to the both schedules of radiation are the liver creatine kinase, as well as the blood serum creatine kinase and alkaline phosphatase. According to the comparative analysis of the dynamics of changes in the activity level of the liver and blood serum creatine kinase, alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase and purine nucleoside phosphorylase, both single and fractional radiation schedules do not affect the permeability of a hepatocyte cell membrane, but rather cause changes in their energetic metabolism. The correlation analysis of the post-radiation activity level changes of the investigated enzymes did not reveal a clear relationship between them. The dynamics of post-radiation changes in the activity of investigated enzyme levels following a single and short-term fractional schedules of radiation did not differ essentially.

  16. Relationship between serum parathyroid hormone, serum calcium and arterial blood pressure in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism: results of a multivariate analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumachi, F; Ermani, M; Luisetto, G; Nardi, A; Basso, S M M; Camozzi, V; Favia, G

    2002-05-01

    To evaluate the possible relationship between serum calcium, serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels and arterial blood pressure (BP) in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism (HPT). A retrospective population-based study. Charts of 194 patients with proven primary HPT were reviewed, and the main clinical and biochemical parameters were recorded. There were 48 men (24.7%) and 146 women (75.3%), with a median age of 59 years (range 23-82 years). Patients who used antihypertensive drugs or hormone replacement therapy had been previously excluded. All patients underwent successful parathyroidectomy, and were cured of their disease. There were no differences (P=NS) between men and women in systolic (143.3+/-19.1 vs 145.4+/-17.1 mmHg) and diastolic (87.1+/-12.3 vs 88.4+/-9.9 mmHg) BP, and in the main biochemical parameters. A significant (P<0.01) correlation was found between (i) serum calcium and serum PTH levels (r=0.39, F=88.36), (ii) age and BP, both systolic (r=0.61, F=118.16) and diastolic (r=0.48, F=64.5), and (iii) body mass index (BMI) and BP (r=0.45 and 0.36 respectively). There was no significant association of serum calcium levels with systolic (r=0.0974, t=1.3422, P=0.18) or diastolic (r=0.1117, t=1.5409, P=0.12) BP, and of serum PTH levels with systolic (r=-0.0349, t=-0.4783, P=0.63) or diastolic (r=-0.0793, t=-1.0913, P=0.28) BP. Multivariate analysis confirmed that none of the independent biochemical parameters significantly correlated with BP, both systolic and diastolic. In patients with primary HPT there is no relationship between PTH, calcium and BP. Thus, in hyperparathyroid patients, BP should be considered as an independent variable, mainly related to age and BMI.

  17. Bestimmung der blut/serum-verhältnisse verschiedener forensisch relevanter analyten in authentischen proben [ Determination of blood/serum ratios of different forensically relevant analytes in authentic samples

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jantos, R.; Schuhmacher, M.; Veldstra, J.L.; Bosker, W.M.; Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.; Touliou, K.; Sardi, G.M.; Brookhuis, K.A.; Ramaekers, J.G.; Mattern, R.; Skopp, G.

    2011-01-01

    For forensic toxicological investigations only whole blood, but no serum is often available. Pharmacokinetic data are helpful for interpreting the results, but most of these studies indicate serum or plasma concentrations. In order to obtain reliable conversion factors which also take intersubject

  18. Influence of physical exercise on interleukin-17, cortisol and melatonin levels in serum, whole blood and mitogen activated peripheral blood mononuclear cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zarei M.

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assay the effect of two months exercise and two months silent on the levels of interleukin-17 (IL-17, melatonin and cortisol in serum, whole blood (WB and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs cultures. Thirteen male non-athletic health volunteers participated in a two months moderate exercise program (running %50-%65 VO2 max. The blood samples were collected in three stages, 24 hours before to start exercise, 48 hours and two months after the last session of the training. WB and PBMCs were cultured with mitogens phytohemagglutinin and lipopolysaccharides for 48 hours. The serum and supernatants of WB and PBMCs were analyzed for IL-17, melatonin and cortisol by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Red blood cells (RBC variables were also measured. IL-17 secretion by PBMCs in the post-exercise stage (51.14±5.43 pg/ml compared with pre-exercise (36.74±6.98 pg/ml was increased. But, the amount of melatonin produced by PBMCs in the post- exercise (7.94±0.35 pg/ml, and 2-month silent (6.05±0.27 pg/ml stages compared with pre-exercise (9.16±0.19 pg/ml were decreased. Regardless of the effect of the exercise, PBMcs had more ability to produce IL-17 than WB. As well as, level of cortisol in WB was higher than in serum and PBMCs culture. Mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration RBCs were also increased in post- exercise stage. The other measured parameters were not changed during exercise and recovery. Moderate exercise caused to higher in vitro production of IL-17 and lower production of melatonin by PBMCs.

  19. Study of Topical Human Umbilical Cord Blood Serum in the Treatment of Alkaline Corneal Epithelial Wounds in Rabbit Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B Sharifi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: One of the important functions of the cornea is to maintain normal vision by refracting light onto the lens and retina. This property is dependent in part on the ability of the corneal epithelium to undergo continuous renewal. Ocular surface failure which follows a variety of endogenous and exogenous precipitating factors, the most common being: chemical trauma, infection, alkaline burn, inflammation and hereditary conditions, lid or lash abnormalities, tear deficiency or reduced sensation. The core principal underpinning management strategy for ocular surface failure is establishing or promoting new growth of healthy conjunctiva and corneal epithelium. This process is mediated by many proteins that are inducers of corneal cell migration, proliferation, and differentiation. The current study was performed to investigate the efficacy of umbilical cord serum on alkaline corneal epithelial wound healing in the rabbit model. Materials & Methods: In this study conducted at Yasuj University of Medical Sciences in 2010, thirty two rabbits were randomly assigned into two equal groups. Central corneal alkali wound was formed in one eye of the rabbits by applying a 6-mm round filter paper, soaked in 1 N NaOH, for 60 seconds. Group one of animals received umbilical cord blood serum and group two received Sno*Tear in the eyes. The treatment was dosed 4 times a day with the eye drops, and epithelial wound closure was recorded using slit lamp. The data were analyzed to determine the rate of wound closure. Results: The mean wound radius closure rate was 0.77 mm/day (SD=0.013 for umbilical cord blood serum-treated eyes, 0.73 mm/day (SD=0.018 for artificial tear-treated eyes. Conclusion: This study shows that alkali-injured corneal epithelial wound heal faster when treated with umbilical cord blood serum than with artificial tear in rabbit model.

  20. Comparison of two ELISA-based methods for the detection of microcystins in blood serum

    OpenAIRE

    Heussner, Alexandra H.; Winter, Isabell; Altaner, Stefan; Kamp, Lisa; Rubio, Fernando; Dietrich, Daniel R.

    2014-01-01

    Microcystins (MCs) are cyanobacterial toxins which place the public at risk via exposure to MC contaminated water, food or algal food supplements. Subsequent to the fatal intravenous exposure of dialysis patients in Caruaru, Brazil, several techniques (LC–MS, GC–MS and ELISA) were adapted to detect MCs in human serum. As patients chronically exposed to low concentrations of MCs also present with very low MC serum levels, only LC–MS methodology would appear to allow detection of these MC level...

  1. The relationship between serum cortisol, adrenaline, blood glucose and lipid profile of undergraduate students under examination stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maduka, Ignatius C; Neboh, Emeka E; Ufelle, Silas A

    2015-03-01

    Stress is an extremely adaptive phenomenon in human beings and cortisol is a known stress hormone. Examination has been described as a naturalistic stressor capable of affecting human health. To estimate the relationship between serum cortisol, adrenaline, fasting blood glucose (FBG) and lipid profile during examination stress. Two hundred and eight (208) apparently-healthy undergraduate students (aged, 24 ± 6 years) were involved in the study. Exactly 5 mls of venous blood was collected from each subject 1-3 hours before a major examination. A second assessment was done on the same students 3-4 weeks before any examination (control samples). Cortisol and adrenaline were assayed using ELISA techniques, FBG was assayed using enzymatic method while lipid parameters were assayed using standard enzymatic-spectrophotometric methods. There was statistically significant increase in serum cortisol, adrenaline, Total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol levels in students under examination stress compared to the non examination period (p=0.001, 0.013, 0.0001, 0.0001 and 0.0001, respectively). FBG showed no significant increase. There was also significant positive correlation (r=0.297, p=0.032) between serum cortisol and TC/HDL ratio (cardiac risk factor) before examination stress but not during the stress period. Significant positive correlation was observed between cortisol and TC/HDL ratio before examination stress.

  2. The effect of cardamom supplementation on serum lipids, glycemic indices and blood pressure in overweight and obese pre-diabetic women: a randomized controlled trial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Qorbani, Mostafa; Rahimi, Abbas; Doostan, Farideh; Siassi, Fereydoun; Koohdani, Fariba; Sotoudeh, Gity; Fatemeh, Yaghooblou

    2017-01-01

    .... Cardamom is one of this spices; therefore, this study is designed to determine the effect of cardamom supplementation on serum lipids, glycemic indices, and blood pressure in pre-diabetic women...

  3. Role of ALAD and VDR genotypes on the association of low blood lead level with serum uric acid and blood pressure in automobile paint workers of Karachi, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadaf, Sadia; Siddiqui, Afaq Ahmed; Ansari, Maqsood Ali

    2017-11-01

    Lead is an environmental pollutant having nephrotoxic effects even at low level. Its continuous exposure is associated with increased serum uric acid level that resulting in renal insufficiency. This research was conducted to see the effects of delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydratase (ALAD) and vitamin D receptor (VDR) genotypes on biochemical parameters and blood pressure (BP) of automobile workers having low blood lead level (BLL) with continuous lead exposure. Automobile paints workers with ALAD 1-2 genotype showed the positive association of BLL with diastolic BP (ppaint workers having ALAD 1-2 genotypes are at the risk of increased diastolic BP. The research also foretells that combination of ALAD 1-2/VDR BB may play a significant role against lead induced nephrotoxicity at low BLL with continuous lead exposure.

  4. DETERMINATION OF FUNDAMENTAL PHYSICAL PARAMETERS OF BLOOD SERUM PROTEINS FOR DEVELOPMENT THE METHODS FOR CANCER DIAGNOSIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. V. Gibizova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A fundamental problem of medical diagnostics as an assessment of human plasma and serum proteins in various pathologic states. Physical molecular and dynamic characteristics of proteins that are significantly changed during a  disease have been proposed as diagnostic parameters. Aim: To conduct fundamental research on molecular properties of serum proteins, such as their mobility, intermolecular interactions, aggregation/formation of nanoscale protein clusters, abnormalities of the surface charge, etc., for subsequent development of methods for early diagnostics of cancer based on laser light scattering and fluorescence. Materials and methods: The parameters of protein dynamics were assessed by laser light scattering methods. Results: We performed comparative assessments in model systems and native serum samples for cancer diagnostics and analyzed the possibility to use optical parameters of water serum solutions for development of cancer diagnostic methods. Conclusion: Light scattering methods provide sufficient information on changes of the static and dynamic properties of the serum proteins over time during various pathological conditions.

  5. [Expression and significance of adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein in placenta, serum and umbilical cord blood in preeclampsia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Jian-Ying; Wang, Xiao-Juan

    2010-12-01

    To investigate the change of adipocyte fatty acid-binding protein (FABP4) in maternal serum and umbilical cord blood and FABP4 mRNA placental expression in patients with preeclampsia (PE). A total of 60 women with PE and 60 normal pregnant women as control participated in this study.All are admitted to Fujian Maternity and Children Health Hospital for delivery from December 2008 to October 2009. Patients with PE were divided into early-onset group (n = 30, presented at ≤ 34 weeks of gestation) and late-onset group (n = 30, presented at > 34 weeks of gestation), with 30 normal pregnant women as early control group (≤ 34 weeks of gestation) and 30 as late control group (> 34 weeks of gestation). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect FABP4, fasting serum glucose, fasting insulin (FINS) in maternal serum and FABP4 in umbilical cord blood. Real-time fluorescent quantitative reverse transcription PCR was used to detect placental FABP4 mRNA expression. Furthermore, clinical and biochemical parameters were recorded, such as body mass index (BMI), systolic pressure (SP), diastolic pressure (DP), mean arterial pressure (MAP), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein (LDL), high density lipoprotein (HDL), creatinine (Cr), uric acid (UA), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), 24 hours urine protein in pregnant women and neonatal weight. (1) Maternal serum FABP4 was (176 ± 9) ng/L in early-onset PE group and (170 ± 9) ng/L in late-onset PE group, significantly elevated as compared to (81 ± 13) ng/L in early control group and (94 ± 15) ng/L in late control group. (2) Mean maternal FINS, homeostasis model of assessment for insulin resistence index (HOMA-IR) were significantly elevated in the early-onset PE group and late-onset PE group as compared to control groups, respectively. (3) Mean placental FABP4 mRNA expression were significantly elevated in the early-onset PE group and late-onset PE group as compared to late control

  6. METABOLIC PARAMETERS CONCENTRATIONS IN BLOOD SERUM OF CZECH PIED BULLS DEPENDING ON SINGLE NUCLEOTIDE POLYMORPHISM OF LEPTIN GENE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleš Pavlík

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of present study was to test hypothesis, that the leptin gene single nucleotide polymorphism (C/T giving missense mutation (Arg25Cys has an effect on concentration of blood serum total cholesterol, beta-hydroxybutyrate and urea in cattle. The experiment were performed in 58 Czech Pied bulls at 240 ± 9 days of age, which were divided in three experimental groups depending on different leptin genotypes (CC, n=28; CT, n=21; TT, n=9. Resulting genotypes in the exon 2 were CC (48.3%, CT (36.2%, and TT (15.5%. There were no differences in serum total cholesterol, urea, beta-hydroxybutyrate concentrations among the genotypes. Based on our results we may assume that analysed SNP of leptin gene have no effect on nutritional status and energy balance in fattened cattle.

  7. The Effect of Different Types of Musculoskeletal Injuries on Blood Concentration of Serum Amyloid A in Thoroughbred Racehorses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turło, Agnieszka; Cywińska, Anna; Czopowicz, Michał; Witkowski, Lucjan; Niedźwiedź, Artur; Słowikowska, Malwina; Borowicz, Hieronim; Jaśkiewicz, Anna; Winnicka, Anna

    2015-01-01

    Training-induced muscle, skeletal and joint trauma may result in acute phase response reflected by the changes in the blood concentration of serum amyloid A (SAA) in racehorses. It remains yet unclear if such systemic reaction could be triggered by sport injuries and what is the impact of different types of musculoskeletal trauma on SAA concentrations in racehorses. This study aimed to determine changes in the SAA blood concentration in racehorses with different types of injuries of musculoskeletal system. The study involved 28 racehorses diagnosed after the race with bone fractures (n = 7), dorsal metacarpal disease (n = 11), joint trauma (n = 4) or tendon and muscle trauma (n = 6) and 28 healthy control racehorses. Serum samples were collected twice, between 1 and 4 days of the injury or succesful completion of the race. SAA concentration was measured using the commercial ELISA kit. Differences between mean SAA concentration in respective groups were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey post-hoc test. Mean SAA concentration within the first 4 days of the injury of muscle and tendon was significantly higher than in bone fractures, dorsal metacarpal disease, joint trauma or in the healthy horses (pinjuries of muscle and tendons can cause a moderate increase in SAA blood concentration in racehorses, reflecting the occurrence of the acute phase response. Similar reaction is not observed in the stress-related bone injuries.

  8. Determination of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins in tears and blood serum of infants and parents by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaksari, Maryam; Mazzoleni, Lynn R; Ruan, Chunhai; Kennedy, Robert T; Minerick, Adrienne R

    2017-02-01

    Tears serve as a viable diagnostic fluid with advantages including less invasive sample to collect and less complex to prepare for analysis. Several water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins were detected and quantified in human tears and compared with blood serum levels. Samples from 15 family pairs, each pair consisting of a four-month-old infant and one parent were analyzed; vitamin concentrations were compared between tears and blood serum for individual subjects, between infants and parents, and against self-reported dietary intakes. Water-soluble vitamins B1, B2, B3 (nicotinamide), B5, B9 and fat-soluble vitamin E (α-tocopherol) were routinely detected in tears and blood serum while fat-soluble vitamin A (retinol) was detected only in blood serum. Water-soluble vitamin concentrations measured in tears and blood serum of single subjects were comparable, while higher concentrations were measured in infants compared to their parents. Fat-soluble vitamin E concentrations were lower in tears than blood serum with no significant difference between infants and parents. Serum vitamin A concentrations were higher in parents than infants. Population trends were compiled and quantified using a cross correlation factor. Strong positive correlations were found between tear and blood serum concentrations of vitamin E from infants and parents and vitamin B3 concentrations from parents, while slight positive correlations were detected for infants B3 and parents B1 and B2 concentrations. Correlations between infants and parents were found for the concentrations of B1, B2, B3, and E in tears, and the concentrations of B2, A, and E in blood serum. Stronger vitamin concentration correlations were found between infants and parents for the breast-fed infants, while no significant difference was observed between breast-fed and bottle-fed infants. This work is the first to demonstrate simultaneous vitamin A, B, and E detection and to quantify correlations between vitamin

  9. Comparison of serum and red blood cell folate microbiologic assays for national population surveys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pfeiffer, Christine M; Zhang, Mindy; Lacher, David A; Molloy, Anne M; Tamura, Tsunenobu; Yetley, Elizabeth A; Picciano, Mary-Frances; Johnson, Clifford L

    2011-07-01

    Three laboratories participated with their laboratory-specific microbiologic growth assays (MA) in the NHANES 2007-2008 to assess whether the distributions of serum (n = 2645) and RBC folate (n = 2613) for the same one-third sample of participants were comparable among laboratories. Laboratory (L) 2 produced the highest and L1 the lowest serum and RBC folate geometric means (nmol/L) in the NHANES sample (serum: L1, 39.5; L2, 59.2; L3, 47.7; and RBC: L1, 1120; L2, 1380; L3, 1380). Each laboratory produced different reference intervals for the central 95% of the population. Pearson correlation coefficients were highest between L3 and L1 (serum, r = 0.95; RBC, r = 0.92) and lowest between L2 and L1 (serum, r = 0.81; RBC, r = 0.65). Notable procedural differences among the laboratories were the Lactobacillus rhamnosus microorganism (L1 and L3: chloramphenicol resistant, L2: wild type) and the calibrator [L1: [6S]5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-methylTHF), L2: [6R,S] 5-formyltetrahydrofolate ([6R,S] 5-formylTHF), L3: folic acid (FA)]. Compared with 5-methylTHF as calibrator, the folate results were 22-32% higher with FA as calibrator and 8% higher with 5-formylTHF as calibrator, regardless of the matrix (n = 30 serum, n = 28 RBC). The use of different calibrators explained most of the differences in results between L3 and L1 but not between L2 and L1. The use of the wild-type L. rhamnosus by L2 appeared to be the main reason for the differences in results between L2 and the other 2 laboratories. These findings indicate how assay variations influence MA folate results and how those variations can affect population data. To ensure data comparability, better assay harmonization is needed.

  10. BLOOD SERUM TESTOSTERONE LEVEL AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH SCROTAL CIRCUMFERENCE AND SEMEN CHARACTERISTICS IN NILI-RAVI BUFFALO BULLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. SAJJAD, S. ALI, N. ULLAH1, M. ANWAR1, S. AKHTER AND S. M. H. ANDRABI1

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was aimed at determining the blood serum testosterone level and its relationship with scrotal circumference and physical characteristics of semen in Nili-Ravi buffalo bulls. Semen samples were collected weekly from three buffalo bulls of 14 years age for 12 weeks and were evaluated for physical characteristics i.e. ejaculatory volume, sperm motility, sperm concentration, pH and sperm abnormalities. Jugular blood samples were collected from each bull at weekly intervals and analyzed for serum testosterorse concentrations. Mean (+ SE blood serum testosterone level (ng/ml, scrotal circumference (cm, semen volume (ml, progressive sperm motility (%, sperm concentration (106/µl, semen pH and total sperm abnormalities (% observed were 0.69 ± 0.12, 34.6 ± 0.9, 3.59 ± 0.41, 51.53 ± 2.23, 0.99 ± 0.07, 7.01 ± 0.08 and 11.67 ± 0.90, respectively. Positive correlations between testosterone level and scrotal circumference (r=0.414 and ejaculatory volume (r=0.348 were observed. However, no correlation of testosterone level with sperm motility (r=0.145, sperm concentration (r=0.264, semen pH (r=-0.208 and total sperm abnormalities (r=-0.242 was found. Similary, ejaculatory volume did not show any correlation with sperm motility percentage (r=0.115, sperm concentration (r=0.045, semen pH (r=-0.015 and total sperm abnormalities (r=-0.135. Sperm motility percentage had positive correlation with sperm concentration (r=0.347 and negative correlation with semen pH (r=-0.670. Sperm concentration was negatively correlated with semen pH (r=-0.501. It was concluded that in 14 years old buffalo bulls the level of serum testosterone and scrotal circumference and ejaculatory volume were positively correlated. The other semen quality parameters including sperm motility, sperm concentration, semen pH and sperm abnormalities were not related with serum testosterone level.

  11. Exploratory serum fatty acid patterns associated with blood pressure in community-dwelling middle-aged and elderly Chinese.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Bo; Ding, Fang; Yan, Jing; Ye, Xiong-Wei; Xu, Xiao-Lin; Wang, Feng-Lei; Li, Duo; Yu, Wei

    2016-03-18

    Epidemiological studies have assessed relationships between circulating levels of fatty acid (FA) and blood pressure (BP), and their results remain controversial. Nevertheless, data are sparse on serum FA as biomarker and BP in China. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between serum FA and BP in Chinese populations. We conducted a cross-sectional study nested within a community-based cohort of 2447 Chinese participants aged 35-79 years who completed a baseline assessment between October 2012 and April 2013. Baseline assessment included the collection of fasting blood samples, anthropometric measurements and a personal interview using a validated questionnaire. Serum FA was determined by gas-liquid chromatography. Exploratory factor analyses were employed to identify FA-factor as a reflection of serum FA pattern. A multiple regression model was conducted to estimate adjusted mean of BP with 95% confidence interval (CI) by tertile groups of the generated FA-factor scores. Hypertensive patients have significantly higher serum 14:0, 16:0, 16:1n-7, 18:3n-6, 20:3n-6 and Δ(6)-desaturase index (18:3n-6/18:2n-6) as well as lower 18:2n-6, 22:6n-3 and Δ(5)-desaturase index (20:4n-6/20:3n-6) compared with normotensive participants. Factor 1 (low linoleic acid/high saturated FA pattern: 14:0, 16:0, 16:1n-7, 18:2n-6, 18:3n-6, 20:3n-6) and Factor 2 (n-3 PUFA pattern: 20:5n-3, 22:5n-3, 22:6n-3, 18:1n-9) were identified as indicators of the serum FA pattern. After adjustment for age, gender, body mass index, hypertension treatment, smoking, alcohol intake, education, profession, exercise habit, salt intake, family history of hypertension, heart rate, blood lipids and fasting blood-glucose levels, per a standard deviation (SD) increment of Factor 1 scores was associated with an increment of 2.44 (95% CI: 1.73, 3.15) mm Hg for systolic BP, whereas per a SD increment of Factor 2 scores was associated with a reduction of 1.40 (95% CI: 0.80, 2.04) mm Hg for

  12. Direct measurement of free radicals in the brain cortex and the blood serum after nociceptive stimulation in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rokyta, Richard; Stopka, Pavel; Holecek, Václav; Krikava, Karel; Pekárková, Ivana

    2004-08-01

    The concentrations of ROS were measured in samples of the sensorimotor brain cortex and in the rat blood. We measured the following parameters: The six lines spectra, nitroxide radical, free hydroxyl radical and singleton oxygen. Their concentration was measured under physiological conditions, after the nociceptive stimulation and after the application of melatonin, both in normal and stimulated animals. In the brain cortex only the singleton oxygen decreased after the nociceptive stimulation, whereas the nitroxide radicals and six lines spectra increased. The free hydroxyl radicals did not change significantly. In the blood serum the six lines spectra and nitroxide radical increased, the concentration of the free hydroxyl radicals did not change. Melatonin increased both the hydroxyl and nitroxide radicals. There was a non-significant decrease in the six lines spectra. The estimation of ROS can be used as a tool for detecting metabolic changes and the consequences of different environmental influences, in our case the influence of nociception and melatonin.

  13. UPLC-ESI-QTOF/MS and multivariate data analysis for blood plasma and serum metabolomics: effect of experimental artefacts and anticoagulant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barri, Thaer; Dragsted, Lars Ove

    2013-01-01

    anticoagulants. For the first time, we also report that anticoagulant counter cation (Na+ or K+) in Na-citrate and K-EDTA plasma can make some metabolites more dominant in ESI-MS. Polymeric material residues originating from blood collection tubes for serum preparation were observed only in serum samples...... be avoided since interferences and serious matrix effects were encountered on some co-eluting polar metabolites. Serum is recommended as a second choice and an alternative to plasma. In conclusion, heparin plasma or serum should be the order of best choice for LC-ESI/MS-based metabolomics research....

  14. [Effect of smoking cessation on body mass index, blood pressure and serum lipids in middle-aged male workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushima, K; Takamoto, N; Sato, H; Munaka, M

    1998-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of smoking cessation on body mass index (BMI), blood pressure and serum lipids in middle-aged male workers considering the effect of BMI which would increase by smoking cessation. The subjects were 1431 middle-aged men who worked in an enterprise in Hiroshima prefecture. Cross-sectional data measured in 1989 and longitudinal data measured from 1985 to 1989 were used in this analysis. The effect of smoking cessation on BMI, blood pressure and serum lipids were evaluated by two models of analysis of covariance (PC-SAS: GLM procedure) for the cross-sectional data and longitudinal data. In analysis of the cross-sectional data, model 1 was controlled for BMI and model 2 was not controlled for BMI. In analysis of the longitudinal data, model 3 was controlled for BMI change and model 4 was not controlled for BMI change. The main results are summarized as follows: 1. BMI was increased over the short period by smoking cessation, but over the long period BMI of ex-smokers remained at almost the same level as non-smokers'. 2. Blood pressure was increased over the short period by both the effect of smoking cessation and BMI increase from abstention from smoking. But over the long period blood pressure of ex-smokers remained at almost the same level as non-smokers. 3. Triglycerides (TG) and atherogenic index (AI) tended to decrease and HDL-cholesterol (HDLC) tended to increase over the short period by smoking cessation, but the concomitant BMI increase may have blunted any independent beneficial effect of smoking cessation on TG, AI and HDLC. But over the long period TG, AI and HDLC of ex-smokers recovered to almost the same level as non-smokers', and remained at that level. 4. These results suggest that smoking cessation have beneficial effects for health promotion in middle-aged men.

  15. Enzyme-linked immunoassay for dengue virus IgM and IgG antibodies in serum and filter paper blood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.N.T. Tran (Thanh Nga); P.J. de Vries (Peter); L.P. Hoang (Lan Phuong); G.T. Phan (Giao); H.Q. Le (Hung); B.Q. Tran (Binh); C.M.T. Vo (Chi Mai); N.V. Nguyen (Nam); P.A. Kager (Piet); N.J.D. Nagelkerke (Nico); J.M. Groen (Jan)

    2006-01-01

    textabstractBackground: The reproducibilty of dengue IgM and IgG ELISA was studied in serum and filter paper blood spots from Vietnamese febrile patients. Methods: 781 pairs of acute (t0) and convalescent sera, obtained after three weeks (t3) and 161 corresponding pairs of filter paper blood spots

  16. Enzyme-linked immunoassay for dengue virus IgM and IgG antibodies in serum and filter paper blood

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tran, T.N.T.; de Vries, P.J.; Hoang, L.P.; Phan, G.T.; Le, H.Q.; Tran, B.Q.; Vo, C.M.T.; Nguyen, N.V.; Kager, P.A.; Nagelkerke, N.; Groen, J.

    2006-01-01

    Background: The reproducibilty of dengue IgM and IgG ELISA was studied in serum and filter paper blood spots from Vietnamese febrile patients. Methods: 781 pairs of acute (t0) and convalescent sera, obtained after three weeks (t3) and 161 corresponding pairs of filter paper blood spots were tested

  17. HMSRP Hawaiian Monk Seal Contaminants (Blubber, serum, and whole blood persistent organic pollutants) Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This data set contains information on persistent organic pollutant analysis of Hawaiian monk seal whole blood and blubber samples from the northwestern Hawaiian...

  18. A comparison of ELISA and HPLC methods for determination of ochratoxin A in human blood serum in the Czech Republic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dohnal, Vlastimil; Dvořák, Vladimír; Malíř, František; Ostrý, Vladimír; Roubal, Tomáš

    2013-12-01

    Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most naturally occurring fungal toxins in food. It has been detected in high concentrations in serum samples of nephropathic patients and can be applied as one of the markers of potential risk of this disease. Also, OTA can cause adverse effects on human health such as genotoxicity and is anticipated to be a potential human carcinogen. In this study, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) were applied in analysis of 115 blood serum samples of women in the child rearing age from the Czech Republic and both methods were compared. The OTA was presented in a broad range of concentrations from 0.037 to 1.130 μg/L. The outcome of ELISA and HPLC measurements were well correlated (r=0.907). However, it was observed that ELISA tend to result in underestimating the OTA level at the low serum concentrations. Both methods had the same limits of quantification of 0.050 μg/L under standard operation conditions. When OTA concentration in a sample was too low, the sample was redissolved in only 300 μL of methanol and the detection limit for HPLC was lowered to 0.030 μg OTA/L. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Vibrational biospectroscopy coupled with multivariate analysis extracts potentially diagnostic features in blood plasma/serum of ovarian cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Owens, Gemma L; Gajjar, Ketan; Trevisan, Júlio; Fogarty, Simon W; Taylor, Siân E; Da Gama-Rose, Bianca; Martin-Hirsch, Pierre L; Martin, Francis L

    2014-04-01

    Despite numerous advances in "omics" research, early detection of ovarian cancer still remains a challenge. The aim of this study was to determine whether attenuated total reflection Fourier-transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) or Raman spectroscopy could characterise alterations in the biomolecular signatures of human blood plasma/serum obtained from ovarian cancer patients compared to non-cancer controls. Blood samples isolated from ovarian cancer patients (n = 30) and healthy controls (n = 30) were analysed using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. For comparison, a smaller cohort of samples (n = 8) were analysed using an InVia Renishaw Raman spectrometer. Resultant spectra were pre-processed prior to being inputted into principal component analysis (PCA) and linear discriminant analysis (LDA). Statistically significant differences (P blood plasma, a diagnostic accuracy of 74% was achieved, while the same classifier showed 93.3% accuracy for IR spectra of blood plasma. These observations suggest that a biospectroscopy approach could be applied to identify spectral alterations associated with the presence of insidious ovarian cancer. Copyright © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  20. Blood serum chemistry of wild Alaskan Black-capped Chickadees (Poecile atricapillus) with avian keratin disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Hemert, Caroline R.; Handel, Colleen M.

    2016-01-01

    We measured serum chemistries in wild Black-capped Chickadees (Poecile atricapillus) from Alaska to test for potential differences associated with beak deformities characteristic of avian keratin disorder. Lower uric acid in affected birds was the only difference detected between groups, although sample sizes were small. This difference could be associated with fasting or malnutrition in birds with beak deformities, but it is challenging to interpret its biologic significance without reference values. Black-capped Chickadees had high levels of aspartate aminotransferase, lactate dehydrogenase, and creatine kinase relative to reference values for companion birds. However, all serum chemistry parameters from our study were within the range of values reported from other apparently healthy wild-caught birds.

  1. Antihemorrhagin in the blood serum of king cobra (Ophiophagus hannah): purification and characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanhome, Lawan; Khow, Orawan; Omori-Satoh, Tamotsu; Sitprija, Visith

    2003-06-01

    King cobra (Ophiophagus hannah) serum was found to possess antihemorrhagic activity against king cobra hemorrhagin. The activity was stronger than that in commercial king cobra antivenom. An antihemorrhagin has been purified by ion exchange chromatography, affinity chromatography and gel filtration with a 22-fold purification and an overall yield of 12% of the total antihemorrhagic activity contained in crude serum. The purified antihemorrhagin was homogeneous in disc-PAGE and SDS-PAGE. Its apparent molecular weight determined by SDS-PAGE was 120 kDa. The antihemorrhagin was also active against other hemorrhagic snake venoms obtained in Thailand and Japan such as Calloselasma rhodostoma, Trimeresurus albolabris, Trimeresurus macrops and Trimeresurus flavoviridis (Japanese Habu). It inhibited the proteolytic activity of king cobra venom. It is an acid- and thermolabile protein and does not form precipitin lines against king cobra venom.

  2. Effects of different blood purification methods on serum cytokine levels and prognosis in patients with acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lunzhi; Ding, Guohua

    2015-04-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of three different blood purification methods, hemoperfusion (HP), continuous blood purification (CBP), and on-line high-volume hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF), on the survival rate of patients with acute severe organophosphorus pesticide poisoning (ASOPP), as well as on major pro-inflammatory (interleukin [IL]-1, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α]) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokines in the serum. Eighty-one ASOPP patients were randomly divided into three groups: HP (N = 23), HP + CBP (N = 26), HP + OL-HD (N = 32). Serum IL-1, IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-10 levels were assessed by ELISA before treatment and at 24 and 48 h post-treatment and survival rates were determined. Patient survival rate was significantly higher in OL-HDF and CBP treated patients compared with HP group (P  0.05). Compared with the HP method, CBP or OL-HDF combined with HP can rapidly clear inflammatory cytokines, reduce systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and improve the survival of ASOPP patients. Compared with CBP, OL-HDF is an economical and effective method to treat ASOPP with less technical difficulty and more suitability for rural areas and primary hospitals. © 2014 The Authors. Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis © 2014 International Society for Apheresis.

  3. Efficacy of mineral and organic adsorbent in alleviating harmful effects of zearalenone on pig blood serum protein status

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nešić Ksenija

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The influence of zearalenone on blood serum protein status and the feasibility of utilizing a modified clinoptilolite and esterified glucomannan to alleviate its harmful effects was examined in two trials, 31 and 29 days long, conducted on a total of 64 pigs (32 each 60 days old, divided into four groups, each containing 8 pigs. Control groups (K received noncontaminated feed, while experimental groups received feed supplemented with 3.84 mg/kg in the first trial and 5.12 mg/kg of zearalenone in the second trial. Pigs in the first experimental groups (O-I were given feed with toxin only. Modified clinoptilolite in the amount of 0.2% and esterified glucomannan in the amount of 0.1% were introduced in contaminated feed of the second (O-II and the third experimental groups (O-III of both trials. With the use of contaminated feed, a declining trend of the A/G ratio was observed: decrease of albumin content and increase of globulin content on account of the _ globulin fraction. A decrease of the _ globulin fraction was detected at the same time. Total protein concentration was also lower. The application of adsorbents successfully alleviated harmful effects of the F-2 toxin on the affected biochemical parameters in blood serum.

  4. Effects of noise pollution over the blood serum immunoglobulins and auditory system on the VFM airport workers, Van, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akan, Zafer; Körpinar, Mehmet Ali; Tulgar, Metin

    2011-06-01

    Noise pollution is a common health problem for developing countries. Especially highways and airports lead to noise pollution in different levels and in many frequencies. In this study, we focused on the effect of noise pollution in airports. This work aimed measurements of noise pollution levels in Van Ferit Melen (VFM) airport and effect of noise pollution over the immunoglobulin A, G, and M changes among VFM airport workers in Turkey. It was seen that apron and terminal workers were exposed to high noise (>80 dB(A)) without any protective precautions. Noise-induced temporary threshold shifts and noise-induced permanent threshold shifts were detected between the apron workers (p  0.05). These findings suggested that the noise pollution in the VFM airport could lead to hearing loss and changes in blood serum immunoglobulin levels of airport workers. Blood serum immunoglobulin changes might be due to vibrational effects of noise pollution. Airport workers should apply protective precautions against effect of noise pollution in the VFM airport.

  5. Effect of a phytogenic additive on blood serum indicator levels and fatty acids profile in fattening turkeys meat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislav Gálik

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a phytogenic additive on blood serum indicator levels and fatty acids profile of breast, leg muscles and liver in fattening turkeys. The experiment was realized in private turkey farm and in the Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Agrobiology and Food Resources, Slovak University of Agriculture in Nitra. A total of 300 clinically healthy female turkeys (broad-breasted white turkey, hybrid XL were used in the experiment. Female turkeys were randomly divided into two groups (150 pcs per each. In the control group, turkey were fed with standard complete feed mixtures for fattening, in the experimental group, standard diets from the beginning to 12th week were supplemented with the a blend of essential oils from origanum, anise and citrus fruits as well as a prebiotic rich fructooligosaccharides in dosage 1kg per 1000 kg of feed mixture. Fattening lasted 18 weeks. Blood serum was collected at the end of the experiment, during the slaughter of birds. Samples of breast and leg muscles, and liver for fatty acids composition evaluation were collected during birds dissection (10 samples per each group. After the 12 weeks of phytoadditive supplementation, a tendency of lower activity of serum alanine aminotransferase (53.963 vs. 3.499 U/L and aspartate aminotransferase (6.238 vs. 1.012 U/L in experimental group of turkeys was found (P0.01 content of cis-8,11,14-eicosadienoic and arachidonic acids. The phytoadditive supplementation significantly (P<0.01 decreased content of some unsaturated fatty acids in turkeys tissues, as well. In experimental group of turkey have been recorded lower level of elaidic and oleic acids in the breast muscle and cis-11,14-eicosadienoic and arachidonic acids in the liver, compare to birds from control group.

  6. Fertility-associated metabolites in bull seminal plasma and blood serum: 1H nuclear magnetic resonance analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Ajeet; Kroetsch, Tom; Blondin, Patrick; Anzar, Muhammad

    2015-02-01

    Early estimation of bull fertility is highly desirable for the conservation of male genetics of endangered species and for the exploitation of genetically superior sires in artificial insemination programs. The present work was conducted as a proof-of-principle study to identify fertility-associated metabolites in dairy bull seminal plasma and blood serum using proton nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR). Semen and blood samples were collected from high- and low-fertility breeding bulls (n = 5 each), stationed at Semex, Guelph, Canada. NMR spectra of serum and seminal plasma were recorded at a resonance frequency of 500.13 MHz on a Bruker Avance-500 spectrometer equipped with an inverse triple resonance probe (TXI, 5 mm). Spectra were phased manually, baseline corrected, and calibrated against 3-(trimethylsilyl) propionic-2,2,3,3-d4 acid at 0.0 parts per million (ppm). Spectra were converted to an appropriate format for analysis using Prometab software running within MATLAB. Principal component analysis was used to examine intrinsic variation in the NMR data set, and to identify trends and to exclude outliers. Partial least square-discriminant analysis was performed to identify the significant features between fertility groups. The fertility-associated metabolites with variable importance in projections (VIP) scores >2 were citrate (2.50 ppm), tryptamine/taurine (3.34-3.38 ppm), isoleucine (0.74 ppm), and leucine (0.78 ppm) in the seminal plasma; and isoleucine (1.14 ppm), asparagine (2.90-2.94 ppm), glycogen (3.98 ppm), and citrulline (1.54 ppm) in the serum. These metabolites showed identifiable peaks, and thus can be used as biomarkers of fertility in breeding bulls. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. [Changes in blood pressure and heart rate by an increase in serum estradiol in women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomczy, Rita; Paluch, Katarzyna; Gałuszka-Bednarczyk, Anna; Milewicz, Tomasz; Janeczko, Jarosław; Klocek, Marek

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate changes in blood pressure and heart rate in women undergoing controlled ovarian stimulation (COH) in preparation for assisted reproduction techniques. Material and method: The comparison of blood pressure and heart rate measurements obtained from 5 women (age 35.3 +/- 9.4 years) was performed. The data were collected during the 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) using Holcard sphygmomanometer CR-07 Aspel S.A. at the beginning and in the last day of short protocol of COH with the use of triptorelin (Decapeptyl 0.1 mg/day--Ferring GmbH) and the total supply of Gonalu F 225 U/day--Merck Serono) and Menotropiny 75j FSH + LH 75 U/day (Merional Imed/lBSA). During COH the increase in the serum estradiol level was detected (54.03 +/- 9.4 pg/ml at baseline vs. 1128.7 +/- 208.6 pg/ml after COH, p < 0.001). However, there were no differences in SBP and DBP values before stimulation and on the day of its completion. Only the decrease of mean arterial pressure measured by oscillometric method was observed during the study (95.1 +/- 25.3 mmHg vs. 87.6 +/- 27.8 mmHg, p<0.02). Mean arterial pressure measured by oscillometric method decreased in the daytime measurements (98 +/- 27.3 mmHg vs. 92.8 +/- 26.5 mmHg, p<0.05) as well as in the nighttime measurements (84.4 +/- 17.4 mmHg vs. 78.8 +/- 14, 4 mmHg, p <0.05). After COH, the higher heart rate (HR) was measured (in overall ABPM statistics: baseline HR 68.5 +/- 12.8/min vs. 73.6 +/- 13.7/ min after COH, p<0.002 and also in daytime statistics: baseline HR70.8 +/- 13.6 / min vs. 76.3 +/- 15.5 / min after COH, p<0.002). The increase in serum estradiol level caused by COH leads to increase in heart rate and reduction in mean arterial pressure measured by oscillometric method. However, short-term increase in serum estradiol during COH is not associated with significant changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in women preparing for the in vitro procedure.

  8. Comparison of some blood parameters, serum vitamin E and mineral concentrations of Arabian and English thoroughbred race horses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bilal Tarik

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to determine some blood parameters, serum vitamin E and mineral concentrations of Arabian and English thoroughbred racehorses fed the same diets. The diet was formulated to provide 2.31 Mcal DE/kg, and 10.96% crude protein. Total protein, lactate, calcium, phosphorus, potassium copper, cobalt and zinc were determined in serum obtained from 40 Arabian and 40 English healthy racing thoroughbred horses aged 2-3. The copper, cobalt and zinc concentrations were determined by atomic absorption, vitamin E by HPLC and the other biochemical parameters by a spectrophotometer. Mean values were 6.77 and 6.86 g/dl for total protein, 1.88 and 2.16 mg/dl for lactate 13.18 and 12.80 mg/dl for calcium, 4.35 and 4.39 mmol/l for phosphorus, 2.64 and 3.14 mmol/l for potassium, 129 and 166 μg/dl for copper, 36 and 44 μg/dl for cobalt and, 160 and 58 μg/dl for zinc in Arabian and English horses respectively, and Mean serum vitamin E levels were 2.65 and 2.81 μg/ml respectively. This study did not demonstrate a significant effect of breed on serum total protein, lactate, calcium, phosphorus, copper, cobalt and vitamin E. However, breed may have an effect on potassium and zinc concentration in Arabian and English thoroughbred racehorses (p<0.05.

  9. Comparison of serum sodium levels measured by blood gas analyzer and biochemistry autoanalyzer in patients with hyponatremia, eunatremia, and hypernatremia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solak, Yalcin

    2016-08-01

    Blood gas analyzer (BGA) electrolyte measurements are frequently used in emergency departments (EDs) pending biochemistry laboratory autoanalyzer (BLA) results. There is lack of data in the literature in terms of agreement of these 2 measurement methods of sodium. We aimed to comprehensively evaluate the agreement in hyponatremia, eunatremia, and hypernatremia groups. Retrospectively, adult subjects who presented to ED of a tertiary care teaching hospital and had simultaneous BGA and BLA results were included in the study. Blood pairs were grouped into hyponatremia, eunatremia, and hypernatremia according to BLA results. Agreement of sodium measurements between the methods were evaluated by Bland-Altman plots and Passing and Bablok regression analysis. A total of 2557 blood pairs (1326 males [51.8%]) were included. Median age of the patients was 66 years (18-103). The numbers of patients with hyponatremia, eunatremia, and hypernatremia were 487 (19%), 1943 (76%), and 127 (5%), respectively. The minimum and maximum serum sodium levels measured by biochemistry analyzer were 106 and 171 mmol/L, respectively. The Pearson linear correlation coefficient between BGA and BLA for sodium measurements were 0.574, 0.358, and 0.562 in hyponatremia, eunatremia, and hypernatremia groups, respectively. The absolute mean difference for the 3 groups was greater than 4 mmol/L. Biochemistry laboratory autoanalyzer tended to measure serum sodium higher than BGA in all sodium groups. Passing and Bablok regression analysis showed significant differences between the 2 methods in all sodium groups. This is the first comprehensive evaluation of agreement between BGA and BLA in distinct sodium groups. Significant differences should be taken into account when these patients are managed in the ED. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR Β IN BLOOD SERUM AND BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE FLUID IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. A. Surkova

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. Progressive obstruction and lung tissue remodeling comprise an important feature of the airways in COPD patients. The main processes involved in tissue remodeling in COPD are protease/antiprotease, oxidant/antioxidant imbalances, like as inflammatory and fibrotic events that contribute to development or progression of disease. TGFβ is a multifunctional growth factor that regulates synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins, primarily collagen and fibronectin, thus inducing fibrosis of respiratory ways. The aim of our study was to determine levels of TGFβ in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF of COPD patients. All the patients with COPD had increased levels of TGFβ in serum, as compared with subjects without COPD (p < 0.01, but there was no difference in TGFβ concentration between patients at different stages of disease. Increased phagocytic activity of blood monocytes was found in 81% of COPD patients, as compared to controls. Phagocytosis of apoptotic T­cells and bacterial infection of monocytes leads to increased secretion of TGFβ and it may cause higher levels of TGF β in peripheral blood. TGFβ concentration in BALF of patients at stage III of disease was higher than in the patients at stage II (p < 0.05. The level of TGFβ in BALF directly correlates with number of alveolar macrophages (r = 0.39; р = 0.03. These data indicate that TGFβ is involved in chemotaxis of macrophages in COPD patients’ airways. We conclude that increased secretion of TGFβ by peripheral blood monocytes may be a result of their high phagocytic activity. Hence, TGFβ mediates interactions between the two main components underlying lung tissue remodeling, i.e. fibrosis of respiratory airways, and development of emphysema in COPD.

  11. Serum ferritin level and red blood cell parameters in healthy controls and chronic periodontitis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Latha

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Periodontitis, which is a chronic inflammatory disease causes reduction in the number of erythrocytes and hemoglobin. It is found to be caused by specific pathogenic subgingival plaque bacteria. Periodontitis is host mediated through release of pro inflammatory cytokines by local tissues and immune cells in response to bacterial flora and its products, especially lipopolysacharides. Periodontitis is found to have systemic effect and the cytokines produced inhibit proliferation and differentiation of erythrocytes leading to anaemia. This study evaluate level of hemoglobin erythrocytes, hematocrit and serum ferritin levels in healthy subjects and periodontitis patient.

  12. Blood serum concentrations of perfluorinated compounds in men from Greenlandic Inuit and European populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindh, Christian H; Rylander, Lars; Toft, Gunnar

    2012-01-01

    Perfluorinated compounds (PFCs), such as perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), are used in large quantities. They are persistent and found in measurable levels in human serum around the world. They have been associated with developmental, hepatic, and carcinogenic...... of seven PFCs were analyzed by liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). The concentrations of PFOS and PFOA were the highest of all PFCs in all three populations with a total amount of almost 90% of the PFCs. The mean levels of PFOS and PFOA were in the Greenlandic Inuits 52 and 4.8 ng m...

  13. Immunoglobulin concentration in the blood serum of foals suffering from pneumonia associated with mycoplasma infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antal, A; Szabó, I; Vajda, G; Antal, V D; Polner, A; Totth, B; Szollár, I; Stipkovits, L

    1989-01-01

    Clinical, microbiological, haematological, and immunological investigations were carried out in mares and their foals of 2 studs. A considerable number of foals fell ill with pneumonia, the mortality rate was high. Mycoplasmas were mostly isolated from nasal swabs and from the lungs. The isolation rate of bacteria was lower. Serum IgG concentration was reduced in the diseased or dead foals compared to that of healthy animals, the data stress in importance of IgG in the development of respiratory diseases also in foals.

  14. N-acetyl-beta-D-hexosaminidase and its isoenzymes A and B in blood serum and urine, as a potential colon cancer markers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szajda, Sławomir Dariusz; Borzym-Kluczyk, Małgorzata; Snarska, Jadwiga; Puchalski, Zbigniew; Zwierz, Krzysztof

    2009-01-01

    Evaluation of N-acetyl-beta-D-hexosaminidase (HEX), and its isoenzymes A (HEX A) and B (HEX B) activity in blood serum and urine as potential markers of colorectal cancer. The study was performed in blood serum and urine of 32 patients with adenocarcinoma, 6 with adenocarcinoma mucinosum of the colon, and 20 healthy people. The activity of HEX, HEX A and HEX B was determined in blood serum and urine by spectrophotometric method of Marciniak et al. The concentration of CEA was determined in blood serum by immunoenzymatic method (MEIA). The concentration of protein was assessed by the Lowry method, whereas the concentration of creatinine in urine by the Jaffe method (without deproteinization). A significant increase in the concentration of HEX, HEX A and HEX B activity was proved in serum and urine of patients with colon adenocarcinoma. In patients with colon adenocarcinoma mucinosum, the higher activity of HEX was revealed in blood serum compared to healthy people, and the significantly higher activity of HEX and HEX B expressed as pKat/mg of creatinine, was found in urine. We observe a significant increase in the activity of HEX, HEX A and HEX B expressed in pKat/mg of creatinine was found in urine of patients bearing tumor of diameter 6.0-7.0 cm in comparison to patients with tumor of diameter 4.0-5.0 cm. The present study results suggest that determination of HEX, HEX A and HEX B activity in blood serum and urine may be used to detect colon cancer in its early stages. However, the use of HEX, HEX A and HEX B activity in oncological diagnostics requires further studies on a larger group of patients.

  15. A blood-based screening tool for Alzheimer's disease that spans serum and plasma: findings from TARC and ADNI.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sid E O'Bryant

    Full Text Available There is no rapid and cost effective tool that can be implemented as a front-line screening tool for Alzheimer's disease (AD at the population level.To generate and cross-validate a blood-based screener for AD that yields acceptable accuracy across both serum and plasma.Analysis of serum biomarker proteins were conducted on 197 Alzheimer's disease (AD participants and 199 control participants from the Texas Alzheimer's Research Consortium (TARC with further analysis conducted on plasma proteins from 112 AD and 52 control participants from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI. The full algorithm was derived from a biomarker risk score, clinical lab (glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, homocysteine, and demographic (age, gender, education, APOE*E4 status data.Alzheimer's disease.11 proteins met our criteria and were utilized for the biomarker risk score. The random forest (RF biomarker risk score from the TARC serum samples (training set yielded adequate accuracy in the ADNI plasma sample (training set (AUC = 0.70, sensitivity (SN = 0.54 and specificity (SP = 0.78, which was below that obtained from ADNI cerebral spinal fluid (CSF analyses (t-tau/Aβ ratio AUC = 0.92. However, the full algorithm yielded excellent accuracy (AUC = 0.88, SN = 0.75, and SP = 0.91. The likelihood ratio of having AD based on a positive test finding (LR+ = 7.03 (SE = 1.17; 95% CI = 4.49-14.47, the likelihood ratio of not having AD based on the algorithm (LR- = 3.55 (SE = 1.15; 2.22-5.71, and the odds ratio of AD were calculated in the ADNI cohort (OR = 28.70 (1.55; 95% CI = 11.86-69.47.It is possible to create a blood-based screening algorithm that works across both serum and plasma that provides a comparable screening accuracy to that obtained from CSF analyses.

  16. Using lysine adducts of human serum albumin to investigate the disposition of exogenous formaldehyde in human blood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Regazzoni, Luca G; Grigoryan, Hasmik; Ji, Zhiying; Chen, Xi; Daniels, Sarah I; Huang, Deyin; Sanchez, Sylvia; Tang, Naijun; Sillé, Fenna C M; Iavarone, Anthony T; Williams, Evan R; Zhang, Luoping; Rappaport, Stephen M

    2017-02-15

    Formaldehyde is a human carcinogen that readily binds to nucleophiles, including proteins and DNA. To investigate whether exogenous formaldehyde produces adducts in extracellular fluids, we characterized modifications to human serum albumin (HSA) following incubation of whole blood, plasma, and saliva with formaldehyde at concentrations of 1, 10 and 100μM. The only HSA locus that showed the presence of formaldehyde modifications was Lys199. A N(6)-Lys adduct with added mass of 12Da, representing a putative intramolecular crosslink, was detected in biological fluids that had been incubated with formaldehyde but not in control fluids. An adduct representing N(6)-Lys formylation was detected in all fluids, but levels did not increase above control values over the tested range of formaldehyde concentrations. An adduct representing N(6)-Lys199 acetylation was also measured in all samples. We then applied the assay to repeated samples of human plasma from 6 nonsmoking volunteer subjects (from Berkeley, CA), and single samples of serum from 15 workers exposed to airborne formaldehyde at about 1.5ppm in a production facility and 15 control workers from Tianjin, China. Although all human plasma/serum samples contained basal levels of the products of N(6)-Lys formylation and acetylation, the putative crosslink product was not detected. Since the putative crosslink was observed in plasma incubated with formaldehyde at 1μM, this suggests that the endogenous concentration of formaldehyde in serum was much lower than reported in the literature. Furthermore, concentrations of the formyl adduct were not higher in workers exposed to formaldehyde at about 1.5ppm than in controls. Follow-up in vitro experiments with gaseous formaldehyde at 1.4ppm detected the putative crosslink in plasma but not whole blood. This combination of results suggests that N(6) formylation occurs within cells with subsequent release of adducted HSA to the systemic circulation. Comparing across human

  17. Comparative analysis of some serum proteins and immunoglobulin G concentration in the blood of Yugoslav Trotter mares and newborn foals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauš S.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The comparison of some serum protein concentrations was performed on 12 Yugoslav Trotter mares and their newborn foals. The mares included in the evaluation were divided into two groups of 6 each. The mares in the first group were vaccinated against equine herpes virus 1 and 4, in the 5th, 7th and 9th month of pregnancy, while mares in the second group were not vaccinated at all. Pregnant mares were clinically observed during the last stage of pregnancy and blood for biochemical evaluations was sampled immediately after foaling. Foals were clinically observed for seven days after birth and blood samples were collected immediately after foaling (before nursing, and 24, 48, 72 and 168 hours after birth. Foals included in the evaluation were divided into two groups according to the group allocation of the respective mares. All mares gave birth to normal foals in expected terms. Biochemical examination revealed slightly lower total gammaglobulin and IgG values in tested mares compared to the values obtained in other horse breeds. The antibody titres against equine herpes virus-1 reached the level that provides sufficient protection in vaccinated mares. Gammaglobulin and traces of IgG were present in the blood serum of foals tested immediately after birth and before nursing. A significant increase of IgG and gammaglobulin concentration was revealed in all foals after the first 24 hours of life. The observed first day increase of concentration was followed by stagnation of gammaglobulin and IgG levels in all foals. Total protein values showed a significant increase 24 hours after the first intake of colostrum in all foals. Immunoglobulin G concentration established by semiquantitative test was considered low positive in 16.67% and in 33.34% of foals from vaccinated and unvaccinated mares, respectively. Turbidimetric analyses of the same samples revealed sufficient Ig transfer, i.e. Ig concentration over 8 g/L. Comparison of the results obtained by the

  18. Whole Blood Reveals More Metabolic Detail of the Human Metabolome than Serum as Measured by 1H-NMR Spectroscopy: Implications for Sepsis Metabolomics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stringer, Kathleen A.; Younger, John G.; McHugh, Cora; Yeomans, Larisa; Finkel, Michael A.; Puskarich, Michael A.; Jones, Alan E.; Trexel, Julie; Karnovsky, Alla

    2015-01-01

    Serum is a common sample of convenience for metabolomics studies. Its processing time can be lengthy and may result in the loss of metabolites including those of red blood cells (RBC). Unlike serum, whole blood (WB) is quickly processed, minimizing the influence of variable hemolysis while including RBC metabolites. To determine differences between serum and WB metabolomes, both sample types, collected from healthy volunteers, were assayed by 1H-NMR spectroscopy. A total of 34 and 50 aqueous metabolites were quantified from serum and WB, respectively. Free hemoglobin (Hgb) levels in serum were measured and the correlation between Hgb and metabolite concentrations was determined. All metabolites detected in serum were at higher concentrations in WB with the exception of acetoacetate and propylene glycol. The 18 unique metabolites of WB included adenosine, AMP, ADP and ATP, which are associated with RBC metabolism. The use of serum results in the underrepresentation of a number of metabolic pathways including branched chain amino acid degradation and glycolysis and gluconeogenesis. The range of free Hgb in serum was 0.03-0.01 g/dL and 8 metabolites were associated (p ≤ 0.05) with free Hgb. The range of free Hgb in serum samples from 18 sepsis patients was 0.02-0.46 g/dL. WB and serum have unique aqueous metabolite profiles but the use of serum may introduce potential pathway bias. Use of WB for metabolomics may be particularly important for studies in diseases like sepsis in which RBC metabolism is altered and mechanical and sepsis-induced hemolysis contributes to variance in the metabolome. PMID:26009817

  19. Blood serum metabolites and meat quality in crossbred pigs experiencing different lairage time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Juric

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Pigs of two crosses: A (Duroc x Swedish Landrace x Pietrain (n=24 and B (Swedish Landrace x Large White x Pietrain (n=26 were used to investigate the effects of different lairage time (2 and 24 hours on levels of stress and meat quality traits. No direct effect of lairage time on cortisol, lactate, electrolytes and meat quality parameters was observed. However, after long lairage time, pigs showed lower level of glucose and higher CK, AST and ALT activity. Crossbred B pigs exposed to short lairage time, showed higher blood lactate, sodium, and potassium level, higher drip loss and lower pHi, whereas there were no significant differences between the crossbreeds in the long lairage group. The results indicate that long lairage time decreases blood glucose level and produces signs of muscle damage. In the short lairage period, the crossbreed B showed a higher response to pre-slaughter handling affecting the meat quality.

  20. Copper and ceruloplasmin contents in the blood serum of peripheral and pre-hepatic veins

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. M. Canelas

    1976-03-01

    Full Text Available Copper and ceruloplasmin contents were determined in samples of peripheral and pre-hepatic venous blood of 11 patients with Manson's schistosomiasis and one patient with hepatolenticular degeneration, all of çhich submitted either to porto-caval or spleno-renal shunt. Individual difference were not significant in any of the non-Wilsonian patients. The results are discussed in regard to the current knowledge on the pathogenesis of Wilson's disease.

  1. Citrate metabolism and its complications in non-massive blood transfusions: association with decompensated metabolic alkalosis+respiratory acidosis and serum electrolyte levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bıçakçı, Zafer; Olcay, Lale

    2014-06-01

    Metabolic alkalosis, which is a non-massive blood transfusion complication, is not reported in the literature although metabolic alkalosis dependent on citrate metabolism is reported to be a massive blood transfusion complication. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of elevated carbon dioxide production due to citrate metabolism and serum electrolyte imbalance in patients who received frequent non-massive blood transfusions. Fifteen inpatients who were diagnosed with different conditions and who received frequent blood transfusions (10-30 ml/kg/day) were prospectively evaluated. Patients who had initial metabolic alkalosis (bicarbonate>26 mmol/l), who needed at least one intensive blood transfusion in one-to-three days for a period of at least 15 days, and whose total transfusion amount did not fit the massive blood transfusion definition (acidosis developed as a result of citrate metabolism. There was a positive correlation between cumulative amount of citrate and the use of fresh frozen plasma, venous blood pH, ionized calcium, serum-blood gas sodium and mortality, whereas there was a negative correlation between cumulative amount of citrate and serum calcium levels, serum phosphorus levels and amount of urine chloride. In non-massive, but frequent blood transfusions, elevated carbon dioxide production due to citrate metabolism causes intracellular acidosis. As a result of intracellular acidosis compensation, decompensated metabolic alkalosis+respiratory acidosis and electrolyte imbalance may develop. This situation may contribute to the increase in mortality. In conclusion, it should be noted that non-massive, but frequent blood transfusions may result in certain complications. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Serum proatrial natriuretic peptide does not increase with higher systolic blood pressure in obese men

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Asferg, Camilla L; Andersen, Ulrik B; Linneberg, Allan

    2017-01-01

    ventricular mass (LVM). METHODS: We examined 103 obese healthy medication-free men. We measured 24-hour ambulatory BP (ABP). LVM was calculated using the Cornell voltage-duration product method. Fasting serum concentrations of midregional proatrial NP (MR-proANP), a surrogate for active ANP, were measured...... vs 149.0±7.7 mm Hg in fourth quartile, pANP was negatively associated with systolic ABP (ß=-0.32, p=0.004) and with diastolic ABP (ß=-0.45, p...: Contrary to known physiological BP responses, MR-proANP was negatively associated with ABP in our study. This suggests that a low amount of circulating NPs could play a role in the early stage of obesity-related hypertension....

  3. Peculiarities of antithyroid autoimmunity indicators in type 2 diabetic patients depending on leptin level in blood serum and their dynamics as a result of sodium selenite treatment

    OpenAIRE

    ABRAMOVA N.O.; N.V. PASHKOVSKA; BEREZOVA M.S.

    2015-01-01

    There were studied 46 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in order to identify the autoimmune processes directed against thyroid tissue and dependence of those changes on the level of leptin in blood serum. It was established that in patients with high leptin serum level antithyroid antibody titer increased. In order to adjust the levels of antithyroid antibodies sodium selenite was prescribed against the background of standard therapy. Statistically significant reduction in antibodies exp...

  4. Presence of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in HCV serum negative patients during interferon and ribavirin therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Januszkiewicz-Lewandowska, Danuta; Wysocki, Jacek; Pernak, Monika; Nowicka, Karina; Zawada, Mariola; Rembowska, Jolanta; Lewandowski, Krzysztof; Mańkowski, Przemysław; Nowak, Jerzy

    2007-02-01

    Identification of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-RNA in blood serum is crucial for hepatitis C diagnosis and for appropriate treatment. Detection of HCV-RNA in blood serum is used for therapy monitoring of patients with hepatitis C. Despite HCV-RNA elimination from blood serum during treatment in some patients, HCV viremia appears again after the completion of therapy. The aim of this study was to assess HCV-RNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of hepatitis C patients in relation to HCV-RNA and antibodies to HCV in the serum. The study involved 71 patients undergoing anti-viral therapy (interferon and ribavirin). RNA isolated from serum and PBMCs was examined for the presence of HCV-RNA by an RT-PCR technique using specific oligonucleotide primers or by commercially available kits. In order to show the possible presence of HCV sequences in PBMCs, molecular DNA probes were constructed with a PCR amplicon and biotin-labelled by nick translation, and FISH and extended chromatin fibers in situ hybridization (ECFs-FISH) techniques were used. A 24-month follow-up study revealed that 34 out of 59 patients (58%) eliminated HCV-RNA from their sera. In the serum negative group, HCV-RNA was detected in PBMCs of 2 patients. The presence of HCV-RNA in PBMCs was confirmed by the FISH technique. In the ECFs-FISH procedure, no signal was found in all examined patients. Our data suggest that PBMCs infected with HCV can serve as a virus reservoir. HCV-RNA serum negative patients who have HCV-RNA in their leukocytes after completion of anti-viral therapy would be at great risk of hepatitis C recurrence. These HCV-RNA serum negative but PBMCs positive patients would be a potential source of HCV spread.

  5. Positive Reinforcement Training for Blood Collection in Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) Results in Undetectable Elevations in Serum Cortisol Levels: A Preliminary Investigation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joyce-Zuniga, Nicole M; Newberry, Ruth C; Robbins, Charles T; Ware, Jasmine V; Jansen, Heiko T; Nelson, O Lynne

    2016-01-01

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects appear more relaxed with the trained event. Blood markers of physiological stress responses were evaluated in 4 captive grizzly bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) who were clicker-trained for blood collection versus 4 bears who were chemically immobilized for blood collection. Serum cortisol and immunoglobulin A (IgA) and plasma β-endorphin were measured as indicators of responses to stress. Plasma β-endorphin was not different between the groups. Serum IgA was undetectable in all bears. Serum cortisol was undetectable in all trained bears, whereas chemically immobilized bears had marked cortisol elevations (p bears with extensive recent immobilization experience. These findings support the use of positive reinforcement training for routine health procedures to minimize anxiety.

  6. Identification of a 48 kDa form of unconventional myosin 1c in blood serum of patients with autoimmune diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Severyn Myronovkij

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We searched for protein markers present in blood serum of multiple sclerosis (MS, rheumatoid arthritis (RA and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE patients in comparison to healthy human individuals. We used precipitation/extraction methods and MALDI TOF/TOF mass spectrometry, and identified a protein with Mr ~46 kDa as a fragment of human unconventional myosin IC isoform b (Myo1C. Western blotting with specific anti-human Myo1C antibodies confirmed the identity. Screening of blood serum samples from different autoimmune patients for the presence of Myo1c revealed its high level in MS and RA patients, relatively low level in SLE patients, and undetected in healthy donors. These data are suggesting that the level of p46 Myo1C in blood serum is a potential marker for testing of autoimmune diseases.

  7. Identification of a 48 kDa form of unconventional myosin 1c in blood serum of patients with autoimmune diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Myronovkij, Severyn; Negrych, Nazar; Nehrych, Tetyana; Redowicz, Maria J; Souchelnytskyi, Serhiy; Stoika, Rostyslav; Kit, Yuriy

    2016-03-01

    We searched for protein markers present in blood serum of multiple sclerosis (MS), rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients in comparison to healthy human individuals. We used precipitation/extraction methods and MALDI TOF/TOF mass spectrometry, and identified a protein with Mr ~46 kDa as a fragment of human unconventional myosin IC isoform b (Myo1C). Western blotting with specific anti-human Myo1C antibodies confirmed the identity. Screening of blood serum samples from different autoimmune patients for the presence of Myo1c revealed its high level in MS and RA patients, relatively low level in SLE patients, and undetected in healthy donors. These data are suggesting that the level of p46 Myo1C in blood serum is a potential marker for testing of autoimmune diseases.

  8. Does the serum uric acid level have any relation to arterial stiffness or blood pressure in adults with congenital renal agenesis and/or hypoplasia?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazici, Raziye; Guney, İbrahim; Altintepe, Lutfullah; Yazici, Mehmet

    2017-01-01

    The relationship between serum uric acid and arterial stiffness or blood pressure is not clear. The serum uric acid level and its association with cardiovascular risk is not well known in patients with reduced renal mass. We aimed to investigate the relation between serum uric acid levels and arterial stiffness and also blood pressure in patients with congenital renal agenesis and/or hypoplasia. In this single center, cross-sectional study, a total of 55 patients (39 (% 70.9) with unilateral small kidney and 16 (%29.1) with renal agenesis) were included. The median age was 35 (21-50) years. The study population was divided into tertiles of serum uric acid (according to 2.40-3.96, 3.97-5.10, and 5.11-9.80 mg/dl cut-off values of serum uric acid levels). Official and 24-h ambulatory non-invasive blood pressures of all patients were measured. The arterial stiffness was assessed by pulse wave velocity (PWV). PWV values were increased from first to third tertile (5.5 ± 0.6, 5.7 ± 0.8, 6.1 ± 0.7, respectively), but this gradual increase between tertiles did not reach significance. Linear regression analyses showed a positive correlation between serum uric acid levels and PWV (β = 0.40, p = 0.010), but no correlation was found between uric acid and daytime systolic blood pressure (β = 0.24, p = 0.345). In congenital renal agenesis/hypoplasia, the serum uric acid level was positively correlated with arterial stiffness, but there was no correlation with blood pressure.

  9. [Features of biochemical changes in blood serum according to the form of progression of idiopathic and dysplastic coxarthrosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaĭko, G V; Magomedov, A M; Kalashnikov, A V; Kuzub, T A; Polishchuk, L V

    2013-01-01

    Carried out biochemical studies of blood serum (collagenase activity, glycosamineglicans and hydroxyproline fractions) of 72 patients with hip idiopathic osteoarthrosis and 30 patients with dysplastic osteoarthrosis of the iv-th stage in.accordance with J. H. Kellgren and J. S. Lavrence depending on the form of pathologic process progression. It has been proved that both with idiopathic and dysplastic coxartrosis metabolism of basic protein of osteochonrous tissue was broken both in catabolic and in synthetic phase of this process. The most deep changes 1 of biochemical values (collagenase, free and proteinbinded hydroxyprolines, the content of glycosamines) have been observed with rapid form of course progression of idiopathic and dysplastic coxarthrosis. Definite appropriateness promotesin.patients better understanding of coxarthrosis pathogenese, development of diagnostic and medical measures for patients with this severe orthopedic pathology.

  10. Modulation of Whole-Cell Currents in Plasmodium Falciparum-Infected Human Red Blood Cells by Holding Potential and Serum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staines, Henry M; Powell, Trevor; Clive Ellory, J; Egée, Stéphane; Lapaix, Franck; Decherf, Gaëtan; Thomas, Serge L Y; Duranton, Christophe; Lang, Florian; Huber, Stephan M

    2003-01-01

    Recent electrophysiological studies have identified novel ion channel activity in the host plasma membrane of Plasmodium falciparum-infected human red blood cells (RBCs). However, conflicting data have been published with regard to the characteristics of induced channel activity measured in the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. In an effort to establish the reasons for these discrepancies, we demonstrate here two factors that have been found to modulate whole-cell recordings in malaria-infected RBCs. Firstly, negative holding potentials reduced inward currents (i.e. at negative potentials), although this result was highly complex. Secondly, the addition of human serum increased outward currents (i.e. at positive potentials) by approximately 4-fold and inward currents by approximately 2-fold. These two effects may help to resolve the conflicting data in the literature, although further investigation is required to understand the underlying mechanisms and their physiological relevance in detail. PMID:12937282

  11. A Cysteine-Specific Fluorescent Switch for Monitoring Oxidative Stress and Quantification of Aminoacylase-1 in Blood Serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    A, Anila H; Ali, Firoj; Kushwaha, Shilpi; Taye, Nandaraj; Chattopadhyay, Samit; Das, Amitava

    2016-12-20

    Reagents that allows detection and monitoring of crucial biomarkers with luminescence ON response have significance in clinical diagnostics. A new coumarin derivative is reported here, which could be used for specific and efficient chemodosimetric detection of cysteine, an important biomarker. The probe is successfully used for studying the biochemical transformation of N-acetylcysteine, a commonly prescribed Cys supplement drug to Cys by aminoacylase-1 (ACY-1), an important and endogenous mammalian enzyme. The possibility of using this reagent for quantification of ACY-1 in blood serum samples is also explored. Nontoxic nature and cell membrane permeability are key features of this probe and are ideally suited for imaging intracellular Cys in normal and cancerous cell lines. Our studies have also revealed that this reagent could be utilized as a redox switch to monitor the hydrogen-peroxide-induced oxidative stress in living SW480 cell lines. Peroxide-mediated cysteine oxidation has a special significance for understanding the cellular-signaling events.

  12. The Effects of Capparis Spinosa Hydroalcoholic Extract on Blood Glucose and Lipids Serum in Diabetic and Normal Male Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Negahdarizadeh

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common endocrine disorders in the world which affects glucose metabolism in the body. Diabetes mellitus is due to lack of insulin secretion and/or failure in insulin action. Researches conducted in the last few decades on plants have reported anti-diabetic properties for some herbs and their traditional use for diabetes treatment. Capparis spinosa is one of these herbs which are used as an anti-diabetic treatment in tribal medicine. The objective of the present study was to examine the anti-diabetic effects of Capparis spinosa on blood glucose and serum lipids in streptozotocin induced diabetes in male rats. Materials & Methods: In this experimental study conducted at Yasouj University of Medical Sciences in 2010, five groups of animals were selected. Three groups out of five were administered with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin to become diabetic. Group I were fed normal diet. Group II of animals received 20 mg/kg/day Capparis spinosa extract. Group III received no treatment (diabetic control and animals of groups IV and V were treated with capparis spinosa fruit extract 20 and 30 mg/kg body weight respectively for three weeks. Blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL, HDL and body weight were measured in all animals. The collected data was analyzed by the SPSS software using one-way ANOVA. Results: Treatment with the 30 mg/kg/body weight of capparis spinosa fruit extract showed a significant decrease in blood glucose, triglycerides, total cholesterol and LDL, and a significant increase in HDL level. In addition, administration of 20 mg/kg/body weight of capparis spinosa extract decreased blood glucose and lipid levels in diabetic rats. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the oral administration of capparis spinosa extract at the dose of 30 mg/kg/body weight has glucose and lipids lowering activity in diabetic rats.

  13. Serum monocyte fraction of white blood cells is increased in patients with high Gleason score prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Takuji; Fujita, Kazutoshi; Tanigawa, Go; Kawashima, Atsunari; Nagahara, Akira; Ujike, Takeshi; Uemura, Motohide; Takao, Tetsuya; Yamaguchi, Seiji; Nonomura, Norio

    2017-05-23

    Systemic inflammation and immune responses are reported to be associated with progressive prostate cancer. In this study, we explored which among the fractions of white blood cell (WBC) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level were associated with high Gleason score prostate cancer. Prostate needle biopsy was performed in 966 men with suspicion of prostate cancer. We assessed age, serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA), prostate volume, WBC count, fractions of WBCs (neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, basophils, and eosinophils), and CRP level before biopsy for associations with biopsy findings. Among all men, 553 (57.2%) were positive for prostate cancer including 421 with high Gleason score cancer (Gleason score ≥7). Age, PSA, PSA density (PSAD), serum monocyte fraction of WBC, monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and CRP were significantly associated with high Gleason score cancer (pGleason score prostate cancer (p Gleason score prostate cancer (pGleason score prostate cancer (pGleason score prostate cancer, suggesting an interaction of monocytes with the progression of prostate cancer.

  14. Human umbilical cord blood plasma can replace fetal bovine serum for in vitro expansion of functional human endothelial colony-forming cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Lan; Critser, Paul J; Grimes, Brenda R; Yoder, Mervin C

    2011-07-01

    A hierarchy of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) with different levels of proliferative potential has been identified in human circulating blood and blood vessels. ECFC has recently become an attractive target for new vascular regenerative therapies; however, in vitro expansion of ECFC typically depends on the presence of fetal bovine serum (FBS) or fetal calf serum (FCS) in the culture medium, which is not appropriate for its therapeutic application. To identify optimal conditions for in vitro expansion of ECFC, the effects of human endothelial serum-free medium (SFM) supplemented with six pro-angiogenic cytokines and human umbilical cord blood plasma (HCP) were investigated. The in vitro morphology, proliferation, surface antigen expression and in vivo vessel-forming ability were utilized for examining the effects of medium on ECFC. This novel formulation of endothelial cell culture medium allows us, for the first time, to isolate and expand human ECFC efficiently in vitro with a low concentration of HCP (1.5%) and without bovine serum additives. In this serum-reduced medium (SRM), human ECFC colony yields remained quantitatively similar to those cultured in a high concentration (10%) of bovine serum-supplemented medium. SRM-cultured ECFC displayed a robust clonal proliferative ability in vitro and human vessel-forming capacity in vivo. The present study provides a novel method for the expansion of human ECFC in vitro and will help to advance approaches for using the cells in human therapeutic trials.

  15. Carbon nanotubes based electrochemical aptasensing platform for the detection of hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyl in human blood serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pilehvar, Sanaz; Ahmad Rather, Jahangir; Dardenne, Freddy; Robbens, Johan; Blust, Ronny; De Wael, Karolien

    2014-04-15

    A novel strategy to sense target molecules in human blood serum is achieved by immobilizing aptamers (APTs) on multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) modified electrodes. In this work, the aminated aptamer selected for hydroxylated polychlorinated biphenyl (OH-PCB) was covalently immobilized on the surface of the MWCNT-COOH modified glassy carbon electrode through amide linkage. The aptamers function as recognition probes for OH-PCB by the binding induced folding of the aptamer. The developed aptasensing device was characterized by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The aptasensor displayed excellent performance for OH-PCB detection with a linear range from 0.16 to 7.5 μM. The sensitivity of the developed aptasensing platform is improved (1×10(-8) M) compared to the published report (1×10(-6) M) for the determination of OH-PCB (Turner et al., 2007). The better performance of the sensor is due to the unique platform, i.e. the presence of APTs onto electrodes and the combination with nanomaterials. The aptamer density on the electrode surface was estimated by chronocoulometry and was found to be 1.4×10(13) molecules cm(-2). The validity of the method and applicability of the aptasensor was successfully evaluated by the detection of OH-PCB in a blood serum sample. The described approach for aptasensing opens up new perspectives in the field of biomonitoring providing a device with acceptable stability, high sensitivity, good accuracy and precision. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. BIOSENSOR BASED ON CREATININE DEIMINASE AND рH-SENSITIVE FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR FOR CREATININE ANALYSIS IN BLOOD SERUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Marchenko

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Creatinine is one of the most important analytes in up-to-date clinical analysis. Detection of this metabolite in different physiological body fluids is helpful for the estimation of kidney, muscle, and thyreoid disorders. Creatinine is a marker of renal glomerular filtration and is commonly considered as a diagnostic characteristic of the kidney function, the level of which should be controlled to assess the hemodialysis procedure. The experiments were carried out by potentiometric measuring method. A biosensitive element for creatinine detection was created on the basis of highly selective enzyme creatinine deiminase. The enzyme immobilization onto the surface of pH-sensitive field-effect transistor was performed using photopolymer. The creatinine deiminase-based bioselective element was developed. The main analytical characteristics of the developed biosensor were optimized, optimal conditions for the experiments with real samples were found. It was shown that biosensor based on creatinine deiminase is stable. The responses of biosensor were reproducible and liner range was from 0 to 2 mM with detection limit 0,02 mM. Quantitative determination of creatinine concentration in blood serum was elaborated; the data of biosensor measurement were compared with those obtained by the control method, high correlation was shown R = 0,96. A biosensor based on pH-sensitive field-effect transistor and immobilized creatinine deiminase, advantageous for its high sensitivity and selectivity, might be utilized for the quantitative evaluation of creatinine concentration in blood serum of the patients with renal failure as well as for monitoring hemodialysis efficiency.

  17. Effects of Ethanol Leaf Extract of Ficus Glumosa on Fasting blood Glucose and Serum Lipid Profile in Diabetic Rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umar, Z U; Moh'd, A; Tanko, Y

    2013-06-30

    Ficus glumosa, commonly known as the fig tree or "African rock fig" is a plant with immense medicinal value used for the management of diabetes for over 2000 years. The aim of the present study is to determine the hypoglycemic and anti-lipidemic properties of the ethanolic leaves extract of Ficus glumosa in alloxan-induced diabetic Wistar rats. Thirty (30) adult male Wister rats weighing (120 - 220) grams of about 18 to 22 weeks of age were used in the study. The animals were assigned into six groups (1-6) of five rats (n=5) each. Group VI served as the positive control group receiving 0.9% normal saline (5ml/kg) alone via intra-peritoneal route (i.p.), Groups I (negative control), II, III, IV and V were treated with alloxan and after the induction of hyperglycaemia, received in addition via i.p. for 7 days: 0.9% normal saline (5ml/kg) alone, 100mg/kg, 200mg/kg and 400mg/kg of ethanolic leaves extract of Ficus glumosa respectively while Group V received 6lU/kg of short-acting insulin. The determinations of blood glucose levels were carried out at intervals of one day for 7 days. Serum lipid profile, were done on the 7th day.Premininary phytochemical screening revealed the presence of flavonoids,saponin,tannins,cardiac glycosides,triterpenes,ceramides and reducing sugars.The LD50 of the extract of Ficus glumosa was found to be 2,154mg/kg.The results of the study showed that,100mg/kg and 400mg/kg of ethanolic leaves extract of Ficus glumosa significantly lowered blood glucose levels and 200mg/kg significantly lowered serum lipid profile compared with negative control group.In conclusion, the results of the study showed that Ficus glumosa possesses anti-hyperglycaemic and anti-lipidemic effect.

  18. Serum glucose, cholesterol and blood pressure levels in Japanese type 1 and 2 diabetic patients: BioBank Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Yokomichi

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Evidence of characteristics of Japanese patients with diabetes from a large-scale population is necessary. Few studies have compared glycaemic controls, complications and comorbidities between type 1 and 2 diabetic patients. This paper focuses on illustrating a clinical picture of Japanese diabetic patients and comparing glycaemic control and prognoses between type 1 and 2 diabetes using multi-institutional data. Methods: The BioBank Japan Project enrolled adult type 1 and 2 diabetic patients between fiscal years 2003 and 2007. We have presented characteristics, controls of serum glucose, cholesterol and blood pressure, prevalence of complications and comorbidities and survival curves. We have also shown glycaemic controls according to various individual profiles of diabetic patients. Results: A total of 558 type 1 diabetic patients and 30,834 type 2 diabetic patients participated in this study. The mean glycated haemoglobin A1c was higher in type 1 diabetes than in type 2 diabetes. In the type 1 diabetic patients, the glycated haemoglobin A1c had no consistent trend according to age and body mass index. The Kaplan–Meier estimates represented a longer survival time from baseline with type 1 diabetes than with type 2 diabetes. Compared with type 1 diabetic patients, type 2 diabetic patients had double the prevalence of macrovascular complications. Conclusions: This work has revealed detailed plasma glucose levels of type 1 and 2 diabetic patients according to age, body mass index, blood pressure, serum cholesterol levels and smoking and drinking habits. Our data have also shown that the prognosis is worse for type 2 diabetes than for type 1 diabetes in Japan.

  19. Relationship between ACR in patients with diabetic nephropathy and serum oxidative stress and angiogenesis indexes as well as peripheral blood T cell content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Xia

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To study the correlation between urine albumin/creatinine ratio (ACR in patients with diabetic nephropathy and the content of serum oxidative stress and angiogenesis indexes as well as peripheral blood T cells. Methods: Patients with type 2 diabetes were retrospectively analyzed, and patients with <3 mg/mmol, 3-30 mg/mmol and >30 mg/mmol were screened respectively as the DM1 group, DM2 group and DM3 group of the study; healthy volunteers were selected as control group. Serum was collected to determine oxidative stress and angiogenesis indexes, and peripheral blood was collected to determine the content of T cells. Results: Serum SOD, GSH-Px and CAT content as well as peripheral blood Th2 and Treg content of DM1 group, DM2 group and DM3 group were significantly lower than those of control group and the higher the ACR, the lower the serum SOD, GSH-Px and CAT content as well as peripheral blood Th2 and Treg content; serum MDA, 8-OHdG, VEGF, Ang1 and Ang2 content as well as peripheral blood Th1 and Th17 content were significantly higher than those of control group and the higher the ACR, the higher the serum MDA, 8-OHdG, VEGF, Ang1 and Ang2 content as well as peripheral blood Th1 and Th17 content. Conclusion: Enhanced oxidative stress, increased angiogenesis as well as T lymphocyte disorders are closely associated with the progression of diabetic nephropathy.

  20. Comparison between human cord blood serum and platelet-rich plasma supplementation for Human Wharton's Jelly Stem Cells and dermal fibroblasts culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hashemi SS

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available We carried out a side-by-side comparison of the effects of Human cord blood serum (HcbS versus embryonic PRP on Human Wharton's Jelly Stem Cells(hWMSCand dermal fibroblasts proliferation. Human umbilical cord blood was collected to prepare activated serum (HCS and platelet-rich plasma (CPRP.Wharton's Jelly Stem Cells and dermal fibroblasts were cultured in complete medium with10% CPRP, 10%HCSor 10% fetal bovine serumand control (serum-free media.The efficiency of the protocols was evaluated in terms of the number of adherent cells and their expansion and Cell proliferation. We showed that proliferation of fibroblasts and mesenchymal stem cells in the presence of cord blood serum and platelet-rich plasma significantly more than the control group (p≤0/05. As an alternative to FBS, cord blood serum has been proved as an effective component in cell tissue culture applications and embraced a vast future in clinical applications of regenerative medicine. However, there is still a need to explore the potential of HCS and its safe applications in humanized cell therapy or tissue engineering.

  1. Ontogeny and characterization of blood leukocyte subsets and serum proteins in piglets before and after weaning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul-Madsen, H.R.; Jensen, K.H.; Nielsen, Jens

    2010-01-01

    Existing knowledge about the development of the porcine immune system was extended by phenotypic characterization of leukocyte subsets and with assessment of Mannan-Binding Lectin (MBL) and immunoglobulin concentrations in peripheral blood of healthy piglets. Single-color and/or double-color flow...... parameters seem to be affected at the time of weaning which took place at 45 weeks of age. Using principal component analysis, all analyzed variables - except one were grouped into 8 factors with distinct developmental profiles. Several of these factors revealed an apparent suppression, a steady state...

  2. /sup 67/Ga scanning for assessment of disease activity and therapy decisions in pulmonary sarcoidosis in comparison to chest radiography, serum ACE and blood T-lymphocytes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koehn, H.; Mostbeck, A.; Klech, H.; Kummer, F.

    1982-09-01

    In 60 patients with histologically proven sarcoidosis, /sup 67/Ga scanning was evaluated in terms of sensitivity and specificity for assessing disease activity and compared with chest radiography, serum ACE and blood T-lymphocytes. While /sup 67/Ga scans had the highest sensitivity (94%), the specificity was only 68%. The sensitivity of chest radiography was 80%, of serum ACE and blood lymphocytes 77% and 48%, respectively. While in patients with radiographical type I, /sup 67/Ga scanning, chest radiography and serum ACE had a sensitivity of 92%-100%, in patients with radiographical type II-III, only /sup 67/Ga scans had a sensitivity exceeding 90%. A /sup 6 -/Ga score correlated significantly with serum ACE levels (r = 0.59, P < 0.001). After effective steroid treatment, /sup 67/Ga uptake and serum ACE activities decreased markedly. While in 25% of cases, chest radiography failed to provide reliable information. /sup 67/Ga scanning and serum ACE activities always proved useful in evaluating the course of the disease and the patient's response to steroid therapy. A negative /sup 67/Ga scan together with normal serum ACE levels seems to have a high predictive value for excluding active sarcoidosis.

  3. Reduction in blood pressure and serum lipids by lycosome formulation of dark chocolate and lycopene in prehypertension

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petyaev, Ivan M; Dovgalevsky, Pavel Y; Chalyk, Natalia E; Klochkov, Victor; Kyle, Nigel H

    2014-01-01

    Twenty-nine healthy volunteers aged 47–69 years old were randomly assigned to a 28-day oral intake of different dark chocolate (DC) formulations. The main group received daily 30 g of proprietary lycopene-containing (L-tug) lycosome formulation of DC with enhanced bioavailability of cocoa flavanols. Two control groups daily consumed either 30 g of regular DC alone or along with 7 mg of lycopene, which corresponds to the amount of lycopene ingested with L-tug formulation. It was found that L-tug was more efficient in reducing diastolic blood pressure (mean value of −6.22 mmHg, 95% CI: 5.00, 8.00) when compared with the regular DC group (−3.00 mmHg, P < 0.05) or the group which ingested the DC and lycopene as two separate formulations (mean reduction of −4 mmHg, 95% CI: 2.47, 6.00, P = 0.0262). Only marginal superiority for L-tug formulation in the reduction in systolic blood pressure was seen. However, the L-tug formulation was the only formulation of DC which affected serum lipids. There was a reduction in total cholesterol (from median 228.00 mg/dL [95% CI: 206.2, 242.5] to 187.00 mg/dL [95% CI: 166.2, 202.2, P < 0.05]) with corresponding decline of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (from a median of 166.00 mg/dL [95% CI: 130.8, 177.0] to 151.00 mg/dL [95% CI: 122.8, 167.4; P < 0.05]) at the end of the intervention period. Similar decline was seen in serum triglycerides (P < 0.05). Serum high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, glucose levels, and C-reactive protein (CRP) values remained statistically unchanged in all study groups throughout the intervention period. A superior biological activity of the L-tug lycosome formulation of DC extending beyond its antihypertensive effect to lipid-lowering ability opens up new possibilities for the use of DC for health purposes helping to reduce daily caloric intake without compromising on the health benefits of DC consumption. PMID:25493193

  4. Removal of stabilizers from human serum albumin by adsorbents and dialysis used in blood purification.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephan Harm

    Full Text Available Human serum albumin (HSA is a monomeric multi-domain protein that possesses an extraordinary binding capacity. It plays an important role in storing and transporting endogenous substances, metabolites, and drugs throughout the human circulatory system. Clinically, HSA is used to treat a variety of diseases such as hypovolemia, shock, burns, hemorrhage, and trauma in critically ill patients. Pharmaceutical-grade HSA contains the stabilizers sodium caprylate and N-acetyltryptophanate to protect the protein from oxidative stress and to stabilize it for heat treatment which is applied for virus inactivation.The aim of this study was to determine if the two stabilizers can be depleted by adsorbent techniques. Several, adsorbents, some of them are in clinical use, were tested in batch and in a dynamic setup for their ability to remove the stabilizers. Furthermore, the removal of the stabilizers was tested using a pediatric high flux dialyzer.The outcome of this study shows that activated charcoal based adsorbents are more effective in removal of N-acetylthryptophanate, whereas polystyrene based adsorbents are better for the removal of caprylate from HSA solutions. An adsorbent cartridge which contains a mix of activated charcoal and polystyrene based material could be used to remove both stabilizers effectively. After 4 hours treatment with a high flux dialyzer, N-acetyltryptophanate was totally removed whereas 20% of caprylate remained in the HSA solution.

  5. Effects of Artemisia dracunculus Aqueous Extract on Blood Sugar, Serum Insulin, Triglyceride and Liver Enzymes in Fructose Drinking Water Male Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Shahraki

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background Artemisia are various groups of plants which are used as an herbal medicine in all countries; the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of Artemisia dracunculus (AD leaves aqueous extract on blood sugar, serum insulin, and triglyceride and liver enzymes in Fructose Drinking water (FDW male rats. Methods At the beginning of experiment, 48 Wistar-albino male rats, weighing 200 - 250g were divided into control (C and FDW groups (n = 24. FDW group received FDW (10%, w/v for a month but control group did not receive any agents during the trial period. A half of control and FDW groups received AD L aqueous extract daily during trial period. At the end, animals were anesthetized, sacrificed and blood samples were collected from cervical vessels. Serum insulin, Blood glucose, insulin resistance index, triglyceride and liver enzymes were measured by ordinary methods. Obtained data were analyzed using SPSS-17 via one way ANOVA and Tukey tests. Results Our results showed that serum insulin, blood sugar, insulin resistance index, triglyceride, Aspartate amino transferase (AST and Alanine amino transferase (ALT values in FDW group significantly increased compared to C and C + E groups but these values in group FDW + E were significantly decreases compared to group FDW (P < 0.001. Conclusions Our findings demonstrated that AD L aqueous extract improves blood sugar, serum insulin, insulin resistance index and liver enzymes in rat model.

  6. Immunochemical analysis of fumigaclavine mycotoxins in respiratory tissues and in blood serum of birds with confirmed aspergillosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latif, Hadri; Gross, Madeleine; Fischer, Dominik; Lierz, Michael; Usleber, Ewald

    2015-11-01

    The ergoline alkaloid fumigaclavine A (FuA) is one of the major mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus fumigatus, the main causative fungal agent of avian aspergillosis. To study in situ production of FuA, post-mortem respiratory tissues of various avian species, as well as blood samples of falcons (Falco sp.), were analysed by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). At a detection limit of 1.5 ng/ml, FuA EIA positive results were obtained for tissue samples from seven (64%) out of 11 birds with confirmed aspergillosis, with a maximum concentration of 38 ng/g, while all controls (n = 7) were negative. No FuA could be detected in blood serum (detection limit 0.7 ng/ml) of 15 falcons, experimentally inoculated with A. fumigatus conidia. Fungal mycelium material from tissue of clinical aspergillosis cases, cultured on malt extract agar, was highly positive in the FuA EIA in milligrams per gram range. Chromatographic analysis of mycelium extracts revealed the co-presence of FuA and the structurally related fumigaclavine C (FuC). Alkaline hydrolysis of FuA and FuC yielded the corresponding deacetylation products, FuB and FuE. This is the first report showing that fumigaclavine alkaloids are produced by A. fumigatus in situ during the course of clinical aspergillosis in birds; however, the role of these compounds in the pathogenesis of this disease is still unknown.

  7. [Changes of epidermal growth factor level in blood serum, saliva and gastric juice in children with duodenal ulcer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhukova, E A; Vidmanova, T A; Viskova, I N; Kolesov, S A; Korkotashvili, L V; Shirokova, N Iu; Kan'kova, N Iu

    2013-01-01

    The aim of our study is to investigate EGF content in biological mediums in children with duodenum ulcer depending on phase of the disease and different variants of its course. The present study was performed in Federal State Establishment "Nizhniy Novgorod Research Institute of Children Gastroenterology", Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia. 92 children, between the ages of 8 to 17, with duodenum ulcer were under observation. Endoscopy was performed by Pentax endoscope (FG-24V). EGF detection was performed in blood serum, gastric juice and saliva by ELISA method with Human EGF Kit, "Invitrogen", USA. The peculiarities of EGF level changes in human biological mediums, depending on phase of the disease. The highest EGF level was detected with acute peptic ulcer in the presence of ulcerous defects. EGF level increasing was marked out in the remission phaseas ulcerous defects healing, and it didn't reach normal values in gastric juice. EGF content changes in biological mediums were revealed with different variants of duodenum ulcer clinical course in children. The lowest EGF level was marked out in blood, saliva and gastric juice with unfavorable course of the disease (frequent relapses, cicatricial-ulcerous strains formation), which can serve as a prognostic factor.

  8. Five-year weight changes associate with blood pressure alterations independent of changes in serum insulin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seven, Ekim; Husemoen, Lise L N; Wachtell, Kristian

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: In overweight-related hypertension, the effect of weight changes on blood pressure (BP) is believed to be mediated by insulin. To test this hypothesis, we studied 5-year changes in weight, BP, and insulin in a general population of Danish adults (n = 3443; mean age 45.7 ± 7.6 years......). METHODS: We assessed the glucose-insulin metabolism by a standard oral glucose tolerance test. We divided the antihypertensive and antidiabetic medication-free participants into three groups: weight loss (n = 515), weight stable (n = 1778), and weight gain (n = 1150). RESULTS: Losing on average 6.5 kg...... to 16); P hypertension, baseline BMI, SBP and DBP, lifestyle risk factors, and their 5-year changes, weight loss was associated...

  9. [The effect of blood serum proteins from the seal on the analgetic action of narcotic analgesics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aslaniants, Zh K; Melik-Eganov, G R; Evstratov, A V; Ivanov, M P; Batrakov, S G; Korobov, N V; Iasnetsov, V V

    1991-11-01

    The protein fraction isolated from blood of seal, Phoca groenlandica, has been found to produce hyperalgesic effect on rats exposed to thermic or electrocutaneous nociceptive stimulation, but fail to affect writhes provoked by intraperitoneal injection of acetic acid solution on mice. When combined with morphine, the fraction lowered completely its narcotic analgetic action in the above mentioned tests. On the contrary, these same proteins combined with promedol or fentanil enhanced and prolonged analgetic effect of the latter. Tested in vitro the protein showed neither opioid nor anti-opioid activity. Therefore it is reasonable to suppose that neurophysiological activity of the isolated fraction is due to the peptides formed on enzymatic hydrolysis of proteins in vivo rather than these proteins as such.

  10. Comparison of diagnostic methods to detect Histoplasma capsulatum in serum and blood samples from AIDS patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Marcos Vinicius; Criado, Paulo Ricardo; Luiz, Olinda do Carmo; Vicentini, Adriana Pardini

    2018-01-01

    Background Although early and rapid detection of histoplasmosis is essential to prevent morbidity and mortality, few diagnostic tools are available in resource-limited areas, especially where it is endemic and HIV/AIDS is also epidemic. Thus, we compared conventional and molecular methods to detect Histoplasma capsulatum in sera and blood from HIV/AIDS patients. Methodology We collected a total of 40 samples from control volunteers and patients suspected of histoplasmosis, some of whom were also infected with other pathogens. Samples were then analyzed by mycological, serological, and molecular methods, and stratified as histoplasmostic with (group I) or without AIDS (group II), uninfected (group III), and infected with HIV and other pathogens only (group IV). All patients were receiving treatment for histoplasmosis and other infections at the time of sample collection. Results Comparison of conventional methods with nested PCR using primers against H. capsulatum 18S rRNA (HC18S), 5.8S rRNA ITS (HC5.8S-ITS), and a 100 kDa protein (HC100) revealed that sensitivity against sera was highest for PCR with HC5.8S-ITS, followed by immunoblotting, double immunodiffusion, PCR with HC18S, and PCR with HC100. Specificity was equally high for double immunodiffusion, immunoblotting and PCR with HC100, followed for PCR with HC18S and HC5.8-ITS. Against blood, sensitivity was highest for PCR with HC5.8S-ITS, followed by PCR with HC18S, Giemsa staining, and PCR with HC100. Specificity was highest for Giemsa staining and PCR with HC100, followed by PCR with HC18S and HC5.8S-ITS. PCR was less efficient in patients with immunodeficiency due to HIV/AIDS and/or related diseases. Conclusion Molecular techniques may detect histoplasmosis even in cases with negative serology and mycology, potentially enabling early diagnosis. PMID:29342162

  11. Blood serum concentrations of kynurenic acid in patients diagnosed with recurrent depressive disorder, depression in bipolar disorder, and schizoaffective disorder treated with electroconvulsive therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olajossy, Marcin; Olajossy, Bartosz; Wnuk, Sebastian; Potembska, Emilia; Urbańska, Ewa

    2017-06-18

    The aim of the present study was to compare blood serum kynurenic acid (KYNA) concentrations measured before ECT and after 1, 6 and 12 electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) sessions in patients with diagnoses of recurrent depressive disorder (RDD), depression in bipolar disorder (DBD) and schizoaffective disorder (SAD). The study group comprised of 50 patients with ICD-10 diagnoses of RDD, DBD and SAD. Blood serum KYNA concentrations were determined and clinical assessment was performed using the MADRS and the GAF scale. Significant differences were found in blood serum KYNA levels between RDD, DBD and SAD patients treated with electroconvulsive therapy and healthy controls: 1) KYNA concentrations in DBD patients measured before ECT and after 12 ECT sessions were significantly lower than in the control group; 2) KYNA concentrations in the serum of RDD patients measured before ECT and after one and 12 ECT sessions were significantly lower than in the control group, while those measured after 6 ECT session did not differ significantly from KYNA concentrations in healthy controls; 3) higher pre-treatment blood serum concentrations of KYNA in DBD patients correlated with a higher number of illness phases and poorer general functioning before treatment; 4) significant relationships were found between higher blood serum concentrations of KYNA in RDD patients after 1 ECT session and male gender, and between higher KYNA concentrations after 6 ECT sessions and increased depression and poorer functioning before treatment in those patients. Results show that KYNA concentrations in all diagnostic groups were lower before ECT (not statistically significant for the SAD group) and that there were no significant changes in those concentrations (compared with the baseline) during ECT.

  12. Inflammatory markers in cord blood or maternal serum for early detection of neonatal sepsis-a systemic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Su, H; Chang, S-S; Han, C-M; Wu, K-Y; Li, M-C; Huang, C-Y; Lee, C-L; Wu, J-Y; Lee, C-C

    2014-04-01

    To perform a quantitative review of the evidence on the diagnostic value of inflammatory markers in maternal serum or umbilical cord blood for the diagnosis of early-onset neonatal sepsis (EONS). We searched multiple databases for studies published through March 2013 that evaluated the diagnostic performance of procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), and leukocyte count (white blood cell, WBC) in either umbilical cord blood or maternal serum for diagnosis of EONS. We summarized test performance characteristics with the use of forest plots, hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic curves and bivariate random effects models. Our search identified 3874 citations, of which 15 studies evaluating 2178 episodes of suspected neonatal infection were included for analysis. IL-6 in cord blood with a pooled-positive likelihood ratio (LR+) of 9.47 (95% confidence interval: 3.86 to 23.3), PCT in cord blood with a LR+ of 5.72 (1.56 to 21.0) and IL-6 in maternal serum with a LR+ of 5.47 (2.10 to 14.2) can be qualified as a valid rule-in test. IL-6 in cord blood with a LR- of 0.10 (0.05 to 0.21) and PCT in cord blood with a LR- of 0.20 (0.12-0.37) can be qualified as a useful rule-out test. Either CRP or WBC was inadequate for diagnosis of EONS. For cord blood sample, IL-6 or PCT can be used as reliable rule-in and rule-out tool. For maternal serum, only IL-6 appeared to be sufficient for rule-in diagnosis. An interventional study may be needed to answer whether the addition of these tests will improve the outcome of patients with EONS.

  13. Inverse correlations between serum ADAMTS13 levels and systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, and serum C-reactive protein levels observed at a general health examination in a Japanese population: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enooku, Kenichiro; Kato, Reiko; Ikeda, Hitoshi; Kurano, Makoto; Kume, Yukio; Yoshida, Haruhiko; Ono, Tomoko; Aizawa, Kenichi; Suzuki, Toru; Yamazaki, Tsutomu; Yatomi, Yutaka

    2013-06-05

    Although a defect in ADAMTS13 activity is known to cause platelet thrombosis resulting in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), recent evidence has revealed that low plasma ADAMTS13 concentrations may increase the risk of ischemic vascular diseases. Furthermore, reduced plasma ADAMTS13 activity has been reported in acute systemic inflammation or sepsis. These findings prompted us to examine whether ADAMTS13 may play a role in more diverse diseases, not limited to TTP. A cross-sectional study was conducted to examine ADAMTS13 concentrations in blood samples from 432 subjects who had undergone a general health examination. Serum ADAMTS 13 concentrations were lower in men than in women and in older age, as previously reported. Of note, the serum ADAMTS13 concentration was significantly and inversely correlated with the systolic blood pressure, pulse pressure, and serum C reactive protein concentration in both men and women and with the serum γ-glutamyltransferase concentration in men only. In 88 subjects, who underwent a carotid artery evaluation, serum ADAMTS13 concentrations were significantly lower in the subjects with a thicker carotid intima-media. ADAMTS13 may play a role in not only TTP, but also inflammation, oxidative stress, and atherosclerosis. The potentially diverse clinical significance of ADAMTS13 should be prospectively elucidated in a larger cohort. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  14. Enzyme-linked immunoassay for dengue virus IgM and IgG antibodies in serum and filter paper blood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tran Binh Q

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The reproducibilty of dengue IgM and IgG ELISA was studied in serum and filter paper blood spots from Vietnamese febrile patients. Methods 781 pairs of acute (t0 and convalescent sera, obtained after three weeks (t3 and 161 corresponding pairs of filter paper blood spots were tested with ELISA for dengue IgG and IgM. 74 serum pairs were tested again in another laboratory with similar methods, after a mean of 252 days. Results Cases were classified as no dengue (10 %, past dengue (55% acute primary (7% or secondary (28% dengue. Significant differences between the two laboratories' results were found leading to different diagnostic classification (kappa 0.46, p Conclusion Dengue virus IgG antibodies in serum and filter papers was not affected by duration of storage, but was subject to inter-laboratory variability. Dengue virus IgM antibodies measured in serum reconstituted from blood spots on filter papers were lower than in serum, in particular in the acute phase of disease. Therefore this method limits its value for diagnostic confirmation of individual patients with dengue virus infections. However the detection of dengue virus IgG antibodies eluted from filter paper can be used for sero-prevalence cross sectional studies.

  15. Effects of age at menopause on serum cholesterol, body mass index, and blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akahoshi, M; Soda, M; Nakashima, E; Tsuruta, M; Ichimaru, S; Seto, S; Yano, K

    2001-05-01

    Pre- and postmenopausal cholesterol (mg/dl), body mass index (BMI; kg/m(2)), and systolic blood pressure (SBP; mmHg) levels were compared in three age-at-time-of-menopause (ATM) groups to examine the relationship between the three risk factors and age ATM. Cholesterol, BMI, and SBP levels recorded 4 years prior to and 8 years after menopause were examined and increases in these risk factors between the two measurements were noted. The three age groups were: group A (n=49; age ATM [44+/-1]50), and group C (n=578; age ATM [52+/-2]> or =50). Cholesterol levels in premenopausal groups A (169+/-31 mg/dl, 40 years) and B (174+/-31, 44 years) were lower than those in group C (179+/-30, 48 years) (0.05cholesterol were greater in group A (41+/-28 mg/dl) than in groups B (32+/-28) and C (29+/-28) (0.05cholesterol levels were identical among groups despite age differences upon reaching the postmenopause phase: group A (210+/-34, 51 years), group B (206+/-35, 56 years) and group C (208+/-35, 60 years). BMI and SBP increases were not different in groups A, B, and C. Differences in BMI and SBP levels among groups in order of premenopausal age were still observed after menopause. These data suggest that the greater increase in cholesterol associated with early menopause may be related to a higher prevalence of ischemic heart disease (IHD) in younger menopausal women.

  16. Analysis of Human Serum and Whole Blood for Mineral Content by ICP-MS and ICP-OES: Development of a Mineralomics Method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, James M.; Young, Daniel J.; Essader, Amal S.; Sumner, Susan J.; Levine, Keith E.

    2014-01-01

    Minerals are inorganic compounds that are essential to the support of a variety of biological functions. Understanding the range and variability of the content of these minerals in biological samples can provide insight into the relationships between mineral content and the health of individuals. In particular, abnormal mineral content may serve as an indicator of illness. The development of robust, reliable analytical methods for the determination of the mineral content of biological samples is essential to developing biological models for understanding the relationship between minerals and illnesses. This manuscript describes a method for the analysis of the mineral content of small volumes of serum and whole blood samples from healthy individuals. Interday and intraday precision for the mineral content of the blood (250 μl) and serum (250 μl) samples was measured for eight essential minerals, sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se) by plasma spectrometric methods and ranged from 0.635 – 10.1% relative standard deviation (RSD) for serum and 0.348 – 5.98% for whole blood. A comparison of the determined ranges for ten serum samples and six whole blood samples provided good agreement with literature reference ranges. The results demonstrate that the digestion and analysis methods can be used to reliably measure the content of these minerals, and potentially to add other minerals. PMID:24917052

  17. Diurnal rhythms of blood glucose, serum ghrelin, faecal IgA and faecal corticosterone in rats subjected to restricted feeding using the diet board

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kasanen, Iiris; Inhilä, Katja; Savontaus, Eriika

    2018-01-01

    that the feeding regime does not affect diurnal rhythmicity of biological parameters. In the present study the effects of diet board feeding on diurnal rhythms of blood glucose, serum ghrelin, faecal immunoglobulin A (IgA) and faecal corticosterone were assessed. The diet board did not alter diurnal rhythms...

  18. Analysis of human serum and whole blood for mineral content by ICP-MS and ICP-OES: development of a mineralomics method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrington, James M; Young, Daniel J; Essader, Amal S; Sumner, Susan J; Levine, Keith E

    2014-07-01

    Minerals are inorganic compounds that are essential to the support of a variety of biological functions. Understanding the range and variability of the content of these minerals in biological samples can provide insight into the relationships between mineral content and the health of individuals. In particular, abnormal mineral content may serve as an indicator of illness. The development of robust, reliable analytical methods for the determination of the mineral content of biological samples is essential to developing biological models for understanding the relationship between minerals and illnesses. This paper describes a method for the analysis of the mineral content of small volumes of serum and whole blood samples from healthy individuals. Interday and intraday precision for the mineral content of the blood (250 μL) and serum (250 μL) samples was measured for eight essential minerals--sodium (Na), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), potassium (K), iron (Fe), zinc (Zn), copper (Cu), and selenium (Se)--by plasma spectrometric methods and ranged from 0.635 to 10.1% relative standard deviation (RSD) for serum and 0.348-5.98% for whole blood. A comparison of the determined ranges for ten serum samples and six whole blood samples provided good agreement with literature reference ranges. The results demonstrate that the digestion and analysis methods can be used to reliably measure the content of these minerals and potentially of other minerals.

  19. ASSESSMENT OF THE RESIDUAL TUMOR IN PATIENTS WITH MULTIPLE MYELOMA BASED ON THE ANALYSIS OF THE FREE LIGHT CHAINS OF IMMUNOGLOBULINS IN BLOOD SERUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. A. Мitina

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Efficiency of the multiple myeloma treatment with chemotherapy including bortezomib was assessed based on determination of the level of immunoglobulin free light chains in blood serum. The method enables estimation of changes in kinetic parameters of the residual tumor, detection of the disease course prognosis, and the choice of the optimal approach to the disease therapy.

  20. Maternal and Cord Blood Levels of Serum Amyloid A, C-Reactive Protein, Tumor Necrosis Factor-α, Interleukin -1β, and Interleukin-8 During and After Delivery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciane Marzzullo Cicarelli

    2005-01-01

    after delivery and try to correlate these proteins with tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin -1β, and interleukin-8. Acute-phase proteins and cytokines were measured by ELISA in 24 healthy pregnant women undergoing vaginal delivery or Cesarean section. Cord blood samples in addition to maternal blood were collected. SAA and CRP reached the maximum maternal serum levels 24 hours after delivery, while cytokines remained constant over time. SAA and CRP were significantly higher in maternal serum than in newborn's (P<.001 at the moment of delivery. SAA and CRP, regardless of the type of delivery, reproduce the common pattern observed in most inflammatory conditions. Proinflammatory cytokine serum levels do not mirror the increase in SAA and CRP levels.

  1. Levels of organochlorine pesticides in the blood serum of agricultural workers from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco José Roma Paumgartten

    Full Text Available Serum levels of organochlorine pesticides (OCP were measured in agricultural workers from Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Blood samples from 26 volunteers (24 males, 02 females, 17-60 years old were taken in October 1997. OCP residues (op'DDT pp'DDT, pp'DDD, pp'DDE, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, heptachlor, heptachlor-epoxide, alpha-, beta- and gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane, and hexachlorobenzene were analyzed by gas chromatography with an electron capture detector. Tests detected pp'DDE in 16 out of 26 samples, but pp'DDE concentration exceeded 1.4 µg/L (i.e. 1.8, 2.4 and 4.4 µg/L in only 3 of these. beta-HCH was found in 6 (23.1% out of 26 samples. In one sample beta-HCH did not exceed 1.4 µg/L, but in the remaining samples concentrations ranged from 1.4 to 5.3 µg/L. The percentage of positive pp'DDE samples increased from the youngest (£29 yrs: 30.0% to the oldest age group (³ 40 yrs: 100%. A similar trend was found for beta-HCH contamination (£ 29 yrs: 0%; 30-39 yrs: 20.0%; ³40 yrs: 66.7%. Dieldrin (3.7 µg/L was found in only one sample. No other OCP residue was found in the samples. Serum concentrations of OCPs found in this study are comparable to levels reported for the non-occupationally exposed population in Brazil and elsewhere.

  2. Expression of blood serum proteins and lymphocyte differentiation clusters after chronic occupational exposure to ionizing radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rybkina, Valentina L.; Azizova, Tamara V.; Adamova, Galina V.; Teplyakova, Olga V.; Osovets, Sergey V.; Bannikova, Maria V. [Southern Urals Biophysics Institute, Ozyorsk, Chelyabinsk Region (Russian Federation); Scherthan, Harry; Meineke, Viktor; Doerr, Harald [University of Ulm, Bundeswehr Institute of Radiobiology, Munich (Germany); Zurochka, Alexander V. [Immunology Institute, Yekaterinburg (Russian Federation)

    2014-11-15

    occupational IR exposure of workers induced a depletion of immune cells in peripheral blood of the individuals involved. (orig.)

  3. Substituting ground woody plants for cottonseed hulls in lamb feedlot diets: Growth performance, blood serum chemistry, and rumen fluid parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitney, T R; Glasscock, J L; Muir, J P; Stewart, W C; Scholljegerdes, E J

    2017-09-01

    Effects of using ground woody plants in Rambouillet wether lamb feedlot diets on growth performance, blood serum, and rumen parameters were evaluated. A randomized design study was used with 2 feeding periods (70% concentrate diet from d 0 to 27 [Period 1] and 86% concentrate diet from d 28 to 57 [Period 2]); the concentrate portion of the diets mainly consisted of dried distiller's grains with solubles and sorghum grain. Lambs were individually fed 6 diets that differed only by roughage source ( = 8 animals/treatment; 32.9 ± 3.2 kg initial BW): either cottonseed hulls (CSH; control) or ground wood consisting of redberry juniper (RED), blueberry juniper (BLUE), one-seeded juniper (ONE), or eastern red cedar (ERC) spp. or honey mesquite (MESQ; ). Using ground wood vs. CSH as the roughage source did not affect ( > 0.12) BW. There tended to be a treatment × day interaction ( = 0.07) for lamb DMI, attributed to Period 1 when DMI was greater ( 0.10) among all lambs. Dietary treatments did not affect ( > 0.15) ruminal pH, but treatment × day interactions ( 0.10) were observed within day. Treatment × day interactions ( woody products (RED, ONE, ERC, and MESQ), animal health and rumen fluid parameters were not negatively affected by ground woody plants.

  4. [Comparison of human cord blood mesenchymal stem cell culture between using human umbilical cord plasma and using fetal bovine serum].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Yan; Lu, Zhiyong; Yuan, Yahong; Wang, Xiaoli; Li, Dongsheng; Zeng, Yi

    2013-12-01

    To investigate whether human umbilical cord plasma (HUP) can be used to culture human cord blood mesenchymal stem cells (HUCMSCs), we collected 20 surplus HUP. After being treated with salting out and diasysis, the HUP were used to culture HUCMSCs as 10% volume, and compared with fetal bovine serum (FBS). Morphological characteristics, growth curve and reproductive activity of HUCMSCs cells were observed. The concentration of bFGF and noggin secreted by HUCMSCs cultured with HUP and FBS medium were detected by ELISA. It was found that compared to FBS, the morphology, reproductive activity and characteristic of HUCMSCs cell cultured with HUP were not distinctively different from FBS. The concentration of bFGF in HUP group was significantly higher than that of FBS group, and the concentration of noggin was also different in the two groups. So we concluded that HUP could be used to culture HUCMSCs for a long-time, and the HUP mediumcoild could be more suitable for the culture of human embryonic stem cell (hESC).

  5. Variation in blood selenium and serum vitamin E in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus described by location, husbandry, and season

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karyn Bischoff

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus are important livestock for arctic and subarctic herders, including those in North America, but as climate change affects traditional herding practices, alternative methods of rearing (such as captive rearing will likely become common. Proper nutrition is critical in livestock production, but there is minimal information available on circulating nutrient concentrations in reindeer, who are adapted to a unique climate. This study looks at 2 important antioxidants. Blood and serum were taken from female reindeer from three herds:  a free-ranging herd from the Seward Peninsula, Alaska (AK, during the summer, and two captive herds (one in Fairbanks, AK and one in Upstate New York (NY during the summer and winter. Selenium (Se and vitamin E concentrations were described stratified on season (when possible, location, and management practices (captive or free range. Herd mean values across seasons for Se ranged from 2.42 to 4.88 µmol/L. Herd mean values across seasons for vitamin E ranged from 5.27 to 6.89 µmol/L.

  6. Concentrations of C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A, and haptoglobin in uterine arterial and peripheral blood in bitches with pyometra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dąbrowski, Roman; Kostro, Krzysztof; Szczubiał, Marek

    2013-09-15

    Pyometra is a life-threatening reproductive disorder that affects the uterus of female dogs. This study was designed to identify the possible indicators of uterine inflammation by comparing C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA), and haptoglobin (Hp) concentrations in uterine arterial and peripheral venous blood in bitches with open- and closed-cervix pyometra. CRP, SAA, and Hp concentrations were higher in bitches with closed-cervix pyometra irrespective of the site of blood collection. Higher acute-phase protein concentrations were observed in peripheral compared with uterine arterial blood in bitches with closed-cervix pyometra, whereas the levels were comparable in dogs with open-cervix pyometra. Our results indicate that mean acute-phase protein concentrations differ according to pyometra type/severity and blood source and suggest the possible use of peripheral blood levels of CRP, SAA, and Hp to monitor inflammation during the course of pyometra. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. A low volume method for the analysis of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in serum and whole blood using BDS' DR CALUX {sup registered} bioassay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brouwer, B.; Sonneveld, E.; Botschuijver, S.; Besselink, H.; Burg, B. van der [BioDetection Systems BV (BDS), Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2004-09-15

    Biodetection Systems BV's (BDS) DR CALUX {sup registered} bioassay is a cost-effective and rapid method to measure low levels of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds in various matrices. For the analysis of human serum/plasma samples, existing methods for extraction, clean-up and DR CALUX {sup registered} bioanalysis require 10 ml of serum/plasma to obtain a limit of quantitation (LOQ) of 20 pg DR CALUX {sup registered} TEQ/g fat. This low LOQ value is necessary to be able to measure the lower concentration range of the dioxin and dioxin-like compounds found in human serum and plasma. In many epidemiological studies however, the amount of serum/plasma available for dioxin analysis is limited. Therefore, it is desirable to develop an analysis method that requires a lower volume of serum/plasma for dioxins and dioxin-like compounds determination. In some cases only whole blood is available for analysis. Extraction procedures for whole-blood have been described. However these have been reported to result in an overestimation of dioxin content, most likely due to the co-extraction of AhR interacting compounds like porphyrins that contribute to the detected DR CALUX {sup registered} TEQs. To tackle both problems we developed improved extraction procedures for both matrices. To ensure continued reliability of the new extract methods in the DR CALUX {sup registered} bioassay, extraction and clean-up methods for reduced serum volumes and whole-blood were evaluated, selected and validated. In this paper we present method development and validation set-up of this validation study.

  8. Blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... organs and show how well treatments are working. Problems with your blood may include bleeding disorders, excessive clotting and platelet disorders. If you lose too much blood, you may need a transfusion. NIH: National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute

  9. Peculiarities of Antithyroid Autoimmunity Indicators in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Depending on Leptin Level in Blood Serum and Their Dynamics as a Result of Sodium Selenite Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.O. Abramova

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available There were studied 46 patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 in order to identify the autoimmune processes directed against thyroid tissue and dependence of those changes on the level of leptin in blood serum. It was established that in patients with high leptin serum level antithyroid antibody titer increased. In order to adjust the levels of antithyroid antibodies sodium selenite was prescribed against the background of standard therapy. Statistically significant reduction in antibodies expression to thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase after treatment with sodium selenite dosed 50 mg after a month has been found.

  10. Development of a Fibrinogen-Specific Sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay Microarray Assay for Distinguishing Between Blood Plasma and Serum Samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzales, Rachel M.; Zhang, Qibin; Zangar, Richard C.; Smith, Richard D.; Metz, Thomas O.

    2011-07-01

    We have developed a fibrinogen-specific sandwich ELISA microarray assay for use in qualitatively distinguishing between blood plasma and serum samples. Three capture antibodies, 49D2, HPA001900, and F8512, were evaluated in conjunction with 1D6 as detection antibody, and the data show that 49D2 and, to a lesser extent, F8512 successfully identify previously unknown plasma and serum samples based upon a ~28-fold difference in signal intensity between the sample types. This assay has utility in rapidly identifying previously archived clinical samples with incomplete annotation in a high throughput manner prior to proteomics analyses.

  11. The difference between blood-associated and water-associated herbs of Danggui-Shaoyao San in theory of TCM, based on serum pharmacochemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yunlai; Li, Guoqiang; Zhou, Yu; Yin, Dengke; Tao, Chunlei; Han, Lan; Yue, Xiaoli; Pan, Yongfu; Yao, Yao; Peng, Daiyin; Xu, Fan

    2016-04-01

    Danggui-Shaoyao San (DSS) is a famous Chinese formula for activating blood circulation and promoting urination. This study was to investigate the difference of material basis between a blood-associated herbs group and a water-associated herbs group. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, the formula can be divided into a blood-associated herbs group (Angelica sinensis, Paeonia lactiflora and Ligusticum chuanxiong) and a water-associated herbs group (Atractylodes macrocephala, Alisma orientale and Poria cocos). The HPLC fingerprint of the formula was established for quality control. Serum samples from rats, orally administrated DSS, and the decomposed recipes of DSS, were analyzed by HPLC-DAD and the transitional blood components of DSS were identified. Twenty-one common peaks were identified in the fingerprint of DSS. Contents of paeoniflorin, albiflorin, ferulic acid and alisol B 23-acetate in co-decoction were significantly higher than those in individual decoction. Eleven peaks belonged to the blood-associated herbs group (four metabolites and seven prototype components; paeoniflorin and ferulic acid appeared in prototype components), whereas six peaks belonged to the water-associated herbs group (three metabolites and three prototype components). It was concluded that the serum pharmacochemistry is a meaningful approach for clarifying the difference between blood-associated and water-associated herbs in chemical composition. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  12. Evaluation of serum markers of blood redox homeostasis and inflammation in PCB naturally contaminated heifers undergoing decontamination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cigliano, Luisa; Nebbia, Carlo; Rychen, Guido; Feidt, Cyril; Girolami, Flavia; Rossetti, Cristina; Spagnuolo, Maria Stefania

    2016-01-15

    Dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are widely spread and long persistent contaminants. The aim of this study was to evaluate physiological changes associated with the decontamination of animals previously exposed to environmental pollutants. Eight Limousine heifers were removed from a polluted area and fed a standard ration for six months. The extent of contamination was defined by measuring total toxic equivalents (TEQ) values of dioxin like-PCBs (DL-PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), and NDL-PCBs amount in pericaudal fat two weeks after the removal from the contaminated area (day 0) and then bimonthly for six months during the decontamination (days 59, 125, and 188). The concentrations of both DL-PCBs + PCDD/Fs and NDL-PCBs at the start of decontamination (day 0) were higher than those legally admitted, and they were strongly decreased at the end of the experimental period. Specific indices of blood redox homeostasis and inflammation were also measured at each time. Serum concentrations of Retinol, Tocopherol and Ascorbate, the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and the activities of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase were lower at day 0 than after 59, 125 or 188 days of decontamination. Protein-bound carbonyls (PC), nitro-tyrosine (N-Tyr), and lipid hydroperoxides concentrations were higher at day 0 than during decontamination. In addition, TAC, PC and N-Tyr levels correlated with both DL-PCB and NDL-PCB concentrations only at day 0. Serum concentrations of TNF-alpha and Haptoglobin were higher in samples collected at day 0 than in those obtained during decontamination. As Haptoglobin and TNF-alpha levels correlated with both DL-PCB and NDL-PCB concentrations at day 0 and at day 59 (when these concentrations are still over legal limit), they might represent easily measurable parameters for assessing acute exposure to pollutants. Further both N-Tyr and TNF-alpha concentrations could be

  13. Waist circumference, body mass index, serum uric acid, blood sugar, and triglyceride levels are important risk factors for abnormal liver function tests in the Taiwanese population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng-Hsuan Hsieh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Several studies have found that metabolic syndrome and uric acid level are related to abnormal liver function test results. The aim of this study was to explore the associations of risk factors [including blood pressure, blood sugar, total cholesterol, triglyceride, uric acid, waist circumference and body mass index (BMI measurements] with abnormal liver function in the Taiwanese population.In total, 11,411 Taiwanese adults were enrolled in this study. Blood pressure was assessed according to the Seventh Report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure criteria, fasting blood sugar level according to the Bureau of Health Promotion, Department of Health, R.O.C., criteria, total cholesterol and triglyceride levels according to the Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria, BMI according to the Asia-Pacific criteria, and waist circumference according to the Revised Diagnostic Criteria of Metabolic Syndrome in Taiwan. The prevalence of a past history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus was 17.7% and 6.5%, respectively, and the rates of abnormal measurements of blood pressure, BMI, waist circumference, fasting blood sugar, triglyceride, total cholesterol, uric acid (male/female, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT were 76.2%, 67.6%, 40.0%, 28.6%, 30.6%, 57.3%, 37.9%/21.9%, 14.6% and 21.3%, respectively. Multivariate analysis showed that waist circumference, BMI, serum uric acid, blood sugar, and triglyceride levels were related to abnormal AST and ALT (p<0.05, but the odds ratio for waist circumference was larger than that for BMI. In conclusion, waist circumference, BMI, serum uric acid, blood sugar, and triglyceride levels are important risk factors for abnormal AST and ALT readings in Taiwanese adults. Waist circumference might be a better indicator of risk of abnormal liver function than BMI.

  14. Influence of a healthy Nordic diet on serum fatty acid composition and associations with blood lipoproteins – results from the NORDIET study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viola Adamsson

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The fatty acid (FA composition of serum lipids is related to the quality of dietary fat intake. Objective: To investigate the effects of a healthy Nordic diet (ND on the FA composition of serum cholesterol esters (CE-FA and assess the associations between changes in the serum CE-FA composition and blood lipoproteins during a controlled dietary intervention. Design: The NORDIET trial was a 6-week randomised, controlled, parallel-group dietary intervention study that included 86 adults (53±8 years with elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C. Serum CE-FA composition was measured using gas chromatography. Diet history interviews were conducted, and daily intake was assessed using checklists. Results: Food and nutrient intake data indicated that there was a reduction in the intake of fat from dairy and meat products and an increase in the consumption of fatty fish with the ND. The levels of saturated fatty acids in cholesterol esters (CE-SFA 14:0, 15:0, and 18:0, but not 16:0, showed a significant decrease after intake of ND compared to the control diet (p<0.01. Also, a significant increase in serum 22:6n – 3 was observed compared with the control diet (p<0.01. The changes in CE-SFA 14:0, 15:0, and 18:0 correlated positively with changes in LDL-C, HDL-C, LDL-C/HDL-C, ApoA1, and ApoB (p<0.01, respectively, whereas the changes in polyunsaturated fatty acids in cholesterol esters (CE-PUFA 22:6n – 3 were negatively correlated with changes in the corresponding serum lipids. Conclusions: The decreased intake of saturated fat and increased intake of n-3 PUFA in a healthy ND is partly reflected by changes in the serum CE-FA composition, which are associated with an improved serum lipoprotein pattern.

  15. Effects of a 12-week lifestyle intervention on health outcome and serum adipokines in middle-aged Korean men with borderline high blood pressure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun Jin; Cho, Sang Woon; Kang, Ji Yeon; Choi, Tae In; Park, Yoo Kyoung

    2012-10-01

    High blood pressure, in relation to blood levels of adipokines such as adiponectin and leptin, is highly associated with an unhealthy lifestyle including sedentary behaviors, poor dietary habits such as excess sodium intake, and heavy drinking. Strategies to reduce blood pressure may benefit the levels of adipokines. Thus, we aimed to investigate the effects of lifestyle intervention on blood pressure and serum adipokines in middle-aged Korean men with borderline high blood pressure (systolic blood pressure [SBP] ≥ 130 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure [DBP] ≥ 85 mm Hg). Fifty-two men (aged 42.5 ± 8.5 years) with normal weight (body mass index [BMI] sodium diet, how to understand calorie requirements, and strategies to implement regular exercise for blood pressure regulation over 12 weeks. In order to increase the awareness of sodium education, a salt sensory test using an unseasoned soup was performed. Anthropometrics, blood pressure measurements, 24-hour recalls were performed, and blood levels of lipids, fasting plasma glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, and adiponectin were analyzed at week 0 and at week 12. Sodium consumption was roughly estimated using the Dish-based Frequency Questionnaire-15. Weight, BMI, body fat (kg and %), waist circumference, hip circumference, and blood pressure were significantly decreased after 12 weeks (p leptin were significantly higher in the obese subjects than in the normal weight subjects. In the obese subjects, a significantly negative correlation was found between leptin levels at baseline and percentage change in DBP (r = -0.338, p leptin was negatively associated with the changes in blood pressure after this short-term intervention.

  16. Comparison of the solid phase and liquid-liquid extraction methods for methadone determination in human serum and whole blood samples using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bratinčević, Maja Veršić; Visković, Tanja; Sutlović, Davorka

    2017-12-20

    The aim of this study was to determine the optimal biological sample and the optimal extraction technique for monitoring methadone concentrations in biological samples. We analysed methadone in serum and whole blood samples using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Before analysis, we compared five solid-phase extraction (SPE) and two liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) methods and determined that SPE with Supelco LC-18 in serum yielded the best extraction efficiency. The limit of detection was 10 ng mL-1 and the limit of quantification 25 ng mL-1. Correlation coefficient was over 0.999 for the methadone calibration curve in linear range from 50 to 2000 ng mL-1. Intra and inter-day accuracy and precision of the method was satisfactory. The method was successfully applied for determining serum methadone in patients on maintenance therapy.

  17. [The determination of the low and medium molecular weight substances in the blood serum as the additional diagnostic criterion in the cases of lethal poisoning with narcotic drugs].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obukhova, L M; Andriianova, N A

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the present study was the comparative analysis of the concentrations of the low and medium molecular weight substances in the blood serum in the cases of lethal poisoning with narcotic drugs, alcoholic intoxication, and endogenous intoxication associated with various diseases. The spectrogram profile of the low and medium molecular weight substances present in the blood serum obtained in the case of lethal poisoning with narcotic drugs exhibited a peak at 260-274 nm that was not found in an analogous profile in the case of alcoholic intoxication or a disease. It is concluded that the proposed analysis can be used as an additional diagnostic criterion for the documentation of poisoning with narcotic drugs and/or other potent agents.

  18. INVESTIGATION FOR THE INFLUENCE OF DIFFERENT MAGNESIUM SULFATE DOSES ON THE CONTENT OF CALCIUM AND CHLORIDE IN BLOOD SERUM OF RATS OF BOTH GENDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Voronkov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available We have conducted an investigation for the influence of different magnesium sulfate doses on the content of calcium and chloride in blood serum of rats of both genders. As the result of the study, we have established that peroral administration of magnesium sulfate at dose 1.7 g/kg leads to the significant decrease of chlorides content in blood serum of male rats, concerning the control group of animals, and at dose 5 g/kg to the decrease of concentration, chloride as well as calcium in rats of both genders.

  19. Circulating miRNAs from blood, plasma or serum as promising clinical biomarkers in oral squamous cell carcinoma: A systematic review of current findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Troiano, Giuseppe; Boldrup, Linda; Ardito, Fatima; Gu, Xaolian; Lo Muzio, Lorenzo; Nylander, Karin

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize current findings on the use of circulating miRNAs from blood, serum and plasma as cancer biomarkers in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. Studies were gathered after searching four different electronic databases: PUBMED, SCOPUS, Cochrane Library and Web of Science. Additional search was carried out through cross check on bibliography of selected articles. After the selection process made by two of the authors, 16 articles met the inclusion criteria and were included in the review. Results showed that circulating miRNAs from blood, serum or plasma represent promising candidates as cancer biomarkers in patients suffering from oral cancer. The possibility to predict recurrences and metastases through follow-up quantification of candidate miRNAs represents another potential feature to be addressed in future studies. However, methodological standardization and uniform sampling is needed to increase the power and accuracy of results. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  20. Effects of gradual falling environmental temperature on blood glucose and total serum cholesterol levels of the common Indian frog-Rana tigrina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Govil, S.C. (C.M.Sc. College, Darbhanga (India))

    The effects of a gradual decrease in temperature from 30{degree}C (controlled condition) to 25{degree}C, 20{degree}C, 15{degree}C and 10{degree}C on the levels of blood glucose and total serum cholesterol were studied in both sexes of Rana tigrina. It was found that the gradual fall in temperature caused a successive and significant rise in the levels of blood glucose and total serum cholesterol leading to hyperglycemia and hypercholesterolemia respectively in both sexes. It appears that both conditions were due to cold stress which stimulated the adrenal gland thus leading to production of epinephrine. The above mentioned conditions caused other physiopathological disturbances. It is suggested that these conditions may cause hibernation in this animal.

  1. CD8+CD28-lymphocytes in peripheral blood and serum concentrations of soluble interleukin 6 receptor are increased in patients with Graves' orbitopathy and correlate with disease activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slowik, Miroslaw; Urbaniak-Kujda, Donata; Bohdanowicz-Pawlak, Anna; Kapelko-Slowik, Katarzyna; Dybko, Jaroslaw; Wolowiec, Dariusz; Jazwiec, Bozena; Daroszewski, Jacek

    2012-01-01

    The extrathyroid, orbital manifestation of Graves' disease (GD)--Graves' orbitopathy (GO)--presents a difficult clinical problem. The immunological status of GO patients is still under investigation. The aim of this study was to assess the serum concentration of interleukin 6 (IL-6), soluble interleukin 6 receptor (sIL-6R), and CD8+CD28- lymphocytes in GO patients and to evaluate if these parameters were associated with disease activity. Thirty-nine patients (29 women and 10 men, aged 24-71, mean 50.18) with newly diagnosed GD were enrolled in the study. Active GO was diagnosed in 20 patients. The control group included 12 healthy individuals. Serum concentrations of IL-6 and sIL-6R were estimated by ELISA. Percentages of CD8+CD28- lymphocytes in peripheral blood were assessed by flow cytometry. Mean serum IL-6 and sIL-6R concentrations were significantly higher in all GD patients and in GO and non-GO patients than in normal controls. In all GD patients and the non-GO group, serum IL-6 and sIL-6R concentrations were significantly reduced after efficient treatment. In GO patients, only serum sIL-6R concentration was significantly lower after efficient treatment. In all GD patients, the mean percentage of CD8+CD28- lymphocytes was significantly lower after efficient treatment. In GO patients, the mean percentage of CD8+CD28- lymphocytes was significantly higher than in the non-GO group or in normals. Moreover, in the GO group, the mean percentage of CD8+CD28- lymphocytes was significantly lower after treatment. Our results have shown that CD8+CD28- lymphocyte percentage in peripheral blood and serum concentration of sIL-6R are increased in GO patients and correlate with disease activity.

  2. A study on the effects of the estrous cycle on uterine fluid and blood serum immunoglobulin G (IgG content in the cow

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayed Mortaza Alavi-Shoushtari

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available To investigate the IgG content and its variations in uterine fluid (UF during the estrous cycle of the cow and to compare them with those of the blood serum (S, six pairs of serum and UF samples for each phase of the cycle selected out of 240 bovine genital tracts and blood samples were collected from Urmia abattoir. The UF samples were collected by gentle scraping of the endometrium using a curette after uterine incision and their IgG content and those of the serum were measured by single radial immuno-diffusion (SRID assay. Serum IgG values (Mean ± SEM were generally higher than the UF values throughout the cycle except for di-estrus (S: 38.50 ± 0.90, UF: 51.60 ± 2.10 mg mL-1, in which the highest values were observed in UF samples. In met-estrus the difference was not significant (S: 34.80 ± 1.80mg mL-1, UF: 30.80 ± 5.20 mg mL-1, however, in estrus the mean UF IgG value (12.50 ± 1.10 mg mL-1 was lower than that of the serum (31.30 ± 1.20 mg mL-1. In pro-estrus, the lowest values (S: 27.80 ± 1.30 mg mL-1, UF: 9.10 ± 1.50 mg mL-1 were obtained. The results showed a lower IgG values in the bovine UF than those of the serum in the follicular phase of the cycle, while in di-estrus the UF IgG content was the highest, suggesting some IgG production in the uterus at this phase.

  3. Direct extraction of lead (II) from untreated human blood serum using restricted access carbon nanotubes and its determination by atomic absorption spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barbosa, Valéria Maria Pereira; Barbosa, Adriano Francisco; Bettini, Jefferson; Luccas, Pedro Orival; Figueiredo, Eduardo Costa

    2016-01-15

    Oxidized carbon nanotubes were covered with layers of bovine serum albumin to result in so-called restricted-access carbon nanotubes (RACNTs). This material can extract Pb(2+) ions directly from untreated human blood serum while excluding all the serum proteins. The RACNTs have a protein exclusion capacity of almost 100% and a maximum Pb(2+) adsorption capacity of 34.5mg g(-1). High resolution transmission electron microscopy, scanning transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive spectroscopy were used to confirm the BSA layer and Pb(2+) adsorption sites. A mini-column filled with RACNTs was used in an on-line solid phase extraction system coupled to a thermospray flame furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. At optimized experimental conditions, the method has a detection limit as low as 2.1µg L(-1), an enrichment factor of 5.5, and inter- and intra-day precisions (expressed as relative standard deviation) of <8.1%. Recoveries of the Pb(2+) spiked samples ranged from 89.4% to 107.3% for the extraction from untreated human blood serum. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Data representing two separate LC-MS methods for detection and quantification of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins in tears and blood serum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Khaksari

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Two separate liquid chromatography (LC-mass spectrometry (MS methods were developed for determination and quantification of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins in human tear and blood serum samples. The water-soluble vitamin method was originally developed to detect vitamins B1, B2, B3 (nicotinamide, B5, B6 (pyridoxine, B7, B9 and B12 while the fat-soluble vitamin method detected vitamins A, D3, 25(OHD3, E and K1. These methods were then validated with tear and blood serum samples. In this data in brief article, we provide details on the two LC-MS methods development, methods sensitivity, as well as precision and accuracy for determination of vitamins in human tears and blood serum. These methods were then used to determine the vitamin concentrations in infant and parent samples under a clinical study which were reported in "Determination of Water-Soluble and Fat-Soluble Vitamins in Tears and Blood Serum of Infants and Parents by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry DOI:10.1016/j.exer.2016.12.007 [1]". This article provides more details on comparison of vitamin concentrations in the samples with the ranges reported in the literature along with the medically accepted normal ranges. The details on concentrations below the limits of detection (LOD and limits of quantification (LOQ are also discussed. Vitamin concentrations were also compared and cross-correlated with clinical data and nutritional information. Significant differences and strongly correlated data were reported in [1]. This article provides comprehensive details on the data with slight differences or slight correlations.

  5. Data representing two separate LC-MS methods for detection and quantification of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins in tears and blood serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khaksari, Maryam; Mazzoleni, Lynn R; Ruan, Chunhai; Kennedy, Robert T; Minerick, Adrienne R

    2017-04-01

    Two separate liquid chromatography (LC)-mass spectrometry (MS) methods were developed for determination and quantification of water-soluble and fat-soluble vitamins in human tear and blood serum samples. The water-soluble vitamin method was originally developed to detect vitamins B1, B2, B3 (nicotinamide), B5, B6 (pyridoxine), B7, B9 and B12 while the fat-soluble vitamin method detected vitamins A, D3, 25(OH)D3, E and K1. These methods were then validated with tear and blood serum samples. In this data in brief article, we provide details on the two LC-MS methods development, methods sensitivity, as well as precision and accuracy for determination of vitamins in human tears and blood serum. These methods were then used to determine the vitamin concentrations in infant and parent samples under a clinical study which were reported in "Determination of Water-Soluble and Fat-Soluble Vitamins in Tears and Blood Serum of Infants and Parents by Liquid Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry DOI:10.1016/j.exer.2016.12.007 [1]". This article provides more details on comparison of vitamin concentrations in the samples with the ranges reported in the literature along with the medically accepted normal ranges. The details on concentrations below the limits of detection (LOD) and limits of quantification (LOQ) are also discussed. Vitamin concentrations were also compared and cross-correlated with clinical data and nutritional information. Significant differences and strongly correlated data were reported in [1]. This article provides comprehensive details on the data with slight differences or slight correlations.

  6. Comparing identified and statistically significant lipids and polar metabolites in 15-year old serum and dried blood spot samples for longitudinal studies: Comparing lipids and metabolites in serum and DBS samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kyle, Jennifer E. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Casey, Cameron P. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Stratton, Kelly G. [National Security Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Zink, Erika M. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Kim, Young-Mo [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Zheng, Xueyun [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Monroe, Matthew E. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Weitz, Karl K. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Bloodsworth, Kent J. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Orton, Daniel J. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Ibrahim, Yehia M. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Moore, Ronald J. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Lee, Christine G. [Department of Medicine, Bone and Mineral Unit, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland OR USA; Research Service, Portland Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Portland OR USA; Pedersen, Catherine [Department of Medicine, Bone and Mineral Unit, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland OR USA; Orwoll, Eric [Department of Medicine, Bone and Mineral Unit, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland OR USA; Smith, Richard D. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Burnum-Johnson, Kristin E. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA; Baker, Erin S. [Earth and Biological Sciences Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA USA

    2017-02-05

    The use of dried blood spots (DBS) has many advantages over traditional plasma and serum samples such as smaller blood volume required, storage at room temperature, and ability for sampling in remote locations. However, understanding the robustness of different analytes in DBS samples is essential, especially in older samples collected for longitudinal studies. Here we analyzed DBS samples collected in 2000-2001 and stored at room temperature and compared them to matched serum samples stored at -80°C to determine if they could be effectively used as specific time points in a longitudinal study following metabolic disease. Four hundred small molecules were identified in both the serum and DBS samples using gas chromatograph-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), liquid chromatography-MS (LC-MS) and LC-ion mobility spectrometry-MS (LC-IMS-MS). The identified polar metabolites overlapped well between the sample types, though only one statistically significant polar metabolite in a case-control study was conserved, indicating degradation occurs in the DBS samples affecting quantitation. Differences in the lipid identifications indicated that some oxidation occurs in the DBS samples. However, thirty-six statistically significant lipids correlated in both sample types indicating that lipid quantitation was more stable across the sample types.

  7. HPLC-MS/MS method optimisation for matrix metalloproteinase 3 and matrix metalloproteinase 9 determination in human blood serum using target analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotnik, Petra; Krajnc, Metka Koren; Pahor, Artur; Finšgar, Matjaž; Knez, Željko

    2018-02-20

    A quantitative analysis of zinc endopeptidases matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3) from human blood serum are presented. Both matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are present in human blood serum and can be used as biomarkers for different diseases. The analysis was performed using LC-MS/MS with a triple quadrupole mass spectrometer, based on two specific peptides of each MMP in comparison with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). While the conditions for the LC-MS/MS analysis of MMP9 peptides were previously reported for bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, the analysis of MMP3 peptides was newly quantified for human blood serum herein for the first time. For MMP3, the linear behaviour was determined in the concentration range from 1.0-200.0ng/mL (R 2 =0.997) with an LLOD of 0.5ng/mL. For MMP9, linearity was determined in the concentration range from 6.5-65.0ng/mL (R 2 =0.995) with an LLOD of 2.0ng/mL. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Applied research on serum protein fingerprints for prediction of Qi deficiency syndrome and phlegm and blood stasis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhizhen; Yu, Zongyang; Ouyang, Xuenong; Du, Jian; Lan, Xiaopeng; Zhao, Meng

    2012-09-01

    This study screened serum tumor biomarkers by surface enhanced laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (SELDI-TOF-MS) to establish a subset which could be used for the prediction of Qi deficiency syndrome and phlegm and blood stasis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer; and as diagnostic model of Chinese medicine. Serum samples from 63 lung cancer patients with Qi deficiency syndrome and phlegm and blood stasis, and 28 lung cancer patients with non-Qi deficiency syndrome and phlegm and blood stasis were analyzed using SELDI-TOF-MS with a PBS II-C protein chip reader. Protein profiles were generated using immobilized metal affinity capture (IMAC3) protein chips. Differentially-expressed proteins were screened. Protein peak clustering and classification analyses were performed using Biomarker Wizard and Biomarker Pattern software packages, respectively. A total of 268 effective protein peaks were detected in the 1,000-10,000 Da molecular range for the 15 serum proteins screened (PChinese medicine diagnostic models of disease.

  9. Direct determination of glucose, lactate and triglycerides in blood serum by a tunable quantum cascade laser-based mid-IR sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandstetter, M.; Volgger, L.; Genner, A.; Jungbauer, C.; Lendl, B.

    2013-02-01

    This work reports on a compact sensor for fast and reagent-free point-of-care determination of glucose, lactate and triglycerides in blood serum based on a tunable (1030-1230 cm-1) external-cavity quantum cascade laser (EC-QCL). For simple and robust operation a single beam set-up was designed and only thermoelectric cooling was used for the employed laser and detector. Full computer control of analysis including liquid handling and data analysis facilitated routine measurements. A high optical pathlength (>100 μm) is a prerequisite for robust measurements in clinical practice. Hence, the optimum optical pathlength for transmission measurements in aqueous solution was considered in theory and experiment. The experimentally determined maximum signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was around 140 μm for the QCL blood sensor and around 50 μm for a standard FT-IR spectrometer employing a liquid nitrogen cooled mercury cadmium telluride (MCT) detector. A single absorption spectrum was used to calculate the analyte concentrations simultaneously by using a partial-least-squares (PLS) regression analysis. Glucose was determined in blood serum with a prediction error (RMSEP) of 6.9 mg/dl and triglycerides with an error of cross-validation (RMSECV) of 17.5 mg/dl in a set of 42 different patients. In spiked serum samples the lactate concentration could be determined with an RMSECV of 8.9 mg/dl.

  10. Investigations on the presence of antibodies against equine herpesvirus-1 in blood serum of foals, prior to and after colostrum intake

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauš Saša

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The titer of specific antibodies against equine herpesvirus-1 in blood serum was tested in two groups of mares and their foals. The first group consisted of 12 mares, Standardbred and Serbian Trotter breed, who were vaccinated against equine herpesvirus-1 and 4 in the 5th, 7th and 9th month of pregnancy. On the contrary, 12 mares from the second group, of Lipizzaner breed, were not vaccinated. The mares’ blood samples for antibodies titer investigation were taken 30, 15 and 7 days before the expected partus, then immediately after the partus, while their foals’ blood samples were taken immediately after foaling, then just before colostrum intake, and finally 1, 2, 3 and 7 days later. The titer of antibodies against equine herpesvirus-1 was tested by the method of virus - neutralization, on microtiter plates with constant dose of the virus and serial double dilutions of the serum. In unvaccinated mares, titer of antibodies against equine herpesvirus-1 was either low or not present, but on the contrary, in the vaccinated ones the antibodies titer ranged from 1:32 to 1:256. In the foals originating from both vaccinated and unvaccinated there were not found specific antibodies in the serum before colostrum intake. After the colostrum intake, the values of specific antibodies against equine herpesvirus-1 significantly increased in the foals originating from the vaccinated mares, and ranged from 1:8 to 1:32.

  11. The index of abdominal obesity as a marker of disorder of blood serum triglicerides fatty-acid spectrum in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Наталія Миколаївна Кушнарьова

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Aim of research. To determine the possibility to use the visceral obesity index (VOI for diagnostics of lipid metabolism disorders in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM type 2 on the base of the study of adipose tissue and triglycerides fatty acids content in the blood serum of patients.Materials and methods. There were determined the body mass, height, waist size, blood serum  lipid fraction (triglycerides, LPHD, calculated the body mass index and VOI in 19 patients with DM type 2 older then 50 years. There were determined the content of fatty acids (palmitic С16:0, stearin С18:0, oleic С18:1 and linoleic С18:2 in triglycerides using the method of liquid-gas chromatography.Results. Examined patients were separated into 3 groups according to VOI value. There was detected that the higher VOI values in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (upper tertile were associated with the most intensive unfavorable changes of the fatty-acid spectrum of triglyceride fraction in the blood serum at the expense of an increase of saturated palmitic and stearin fatty acids fraction and decrease of unsaturated oleic and linoleic acids content. There were revealed the correlations between VOI and the levels of saturated and unsaturated triglyceride fatty acids.Conclusion. The calculation of VOI in patients with DM type 2 can be the useful indicator of the lipid metabolism disorder, especially the deviations of triglyceride fatty-acid spectrum

  12. Biochemical indicators of nephrotoxicity in blood serum of rats treated with novel 4-thiazolidinone derivatives or their complexes with polyethylene glycol-containing nanoscale polymeric carrier

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. I. Kоbylinska

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to compare the effect of new synthetic 4-thiazolidinone derivatives (potential anticancer compounds denoted as 3882, 3288 and 3833 and doxorubicin (positive control in free form and in their complexes with synthetic polyethylene glycol-containing nanoscale polymeric carrier on the biochemical indicators of nephrotoxicity in blood serum of rats. The concentration of total protein, urea, creatinine, glucose, ions of sodium, potassium, calcium, iron and chloride was measured. It was found that after injection of the investigated compounds, the concentration of sodium cations and chloride anions in blood serum was increased compared with control (untreated animals. Doxorubicin’s injection was accompanied by a decrease in the concentration of iron cations. The concentration of total protein, urea and creatinine decreased under the influence of the studied compounds. Complexation of these аntineoplastic substances with a synthetic polymeric nanocarrier lowered the concentration of the investigated metabolites substantially compared to the effect of these compounds in free form. The normalization of concentration of total protein, urea and creatinine in blood serum of rats treated with complexes of the studied compounds with the polymeric carrier comparing with increased concentration of these indicators at the introduction of such compounds in free form was found.

  13. Protein electrophoresis - serum

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003540.htm Protein electrophoresis - serum To use the sharing features on ... JavaScript. This lab test measures the types of protein in the fluid (serum) part of a blood ...

  14. Blood

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... anemia. Iron deficiency anemia is the most common type of anemia and can affect people who have a diet ... 2015 More on this topic for: Teens Blood Types Donating Blood Blood Transfusions Anemia Sickle Cell Disease Hemophilia When Cancer Keeps You ...

  15. Establishing presence of antibodies against bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV, parainfluenza virus 3 (PI3 and bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV 1 in blood serum of cattle using indirect immunoenzyme probe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šamanc Horea

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A total of 92 samples of bovine blood serum were examined for the presence of antibodies against the bovine respiratory syncytial virus using indirect immunoenzyme probe - iELISA. Specific antibodies against the bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV were established in 46, or 50% blood serum samples. Investigations of the 92 blood serum samples of cattle for the presence of antibodies against the parainfluenza virus 3 (PI 3, revealed their presence in 77, or 83.69% of the samples, and the presence of antibodies against the bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV 1 was established in 19, or 20.65% of the samples.

  16. [Effect of Weichang Anwan on NO and 5-HT in blood serum, SP and MC in colon in IBS-D rats].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Rui; Tang, Fang

    2009-12-01

    To investigate the influence of Weichang Anwan on the treatment of IBS-D in model rats. Animal model of compound diarrhea was induced by a lactose enriched diet in the Wistar rat, combining with restraint stress. At first, the best cycle of taking medicine was tested. In order to decide the best cycle of taking medicine, 24 female Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group and 60 mg x kg(1) x d(-1) weichangan group. The rate of weight increase, the rate of diarrhea, the incubation period of diarrhea and the diarrhea index were observed. And then 45 female Wistar rats randomly divided into five groups: normal control group, model group and Weichang Anwan groups of high, medium and low doses( 80, 60, 40 mg x kg(-1) x d(-1)). The mast cells in mucous membrane were observed by light microscope. The level of NO in blood serum was checked by the method of nitrate reductase. 5-HT in blood serum was detected by fluorimetry. The level of SP in colon was measured by radioimmunoassay. After taking Weichang Anwan for 4 days, the rate of weight increase in Weichangan group was higher than the model group's. And the rate of diarrhea was lower significantly. So the best cycle of taking medicine was 4 days. The levels of NO and 5-HT in blood serum decreased remarkably in the model group than those of the normal control group. At the same time, the amount of the mast cells and the level of SP in colon significantly increased. Compared with the model group, the levels of NO and 5-HT in blood serum increased remarkably in the groups of high doses and medium doses. Meanwhile, the amount of the mast cells and the level of SP in colon decreased significantly. Weichang Anwan has the effect of antidiarrhea. It can adjust the levels of NO and 5-HT in blood serum and can inhibit the expression of SP in colon which can active the mast cell. Weichangan can also decrease the amount of the mast cells directly.

  17. HLA-G genotype and HLA-G expression in systemic lupus erythematosus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rizzo, R; Hviid, T V F; Govoni, M

    2008-01-01

    Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease mainly mediated by the deposit of immune complexes and defects in T lymphocytes and antigen-presenting cells along with a high production of T-helper 2 cytokines. A tolerance-inducible function of nonclassical class Ib human leukocyte...

  18. Comparing plasma, serum and whole blood indium concentrations from workers at an indium-tin oxide (ITO) production facility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, R Reid; Virji, M Abbas; Edwards, Nicole T; Cummings, Kristin J

    2016-12-01

    Occupational exposure to indium compounds including indium-tin oxide (ITO) can result in potentially fatal indium lung disease. We compared plasma, serum and whole blood indium concentrations (InP, InS and InB) from workers at a single ITO production facility to assess the comparability of these matrices used for biological monitoring of indium exposure. InP, InS and InB were measured using inductively coupled mass spectrometry from consenting workers at an ITO production facility with specimen collection occurring during June-July 2014. Matched pairs from workers were assessed to determine the matrix relationships using the Pearson correlation, paired t-tests, per cent difference, linear regression and κ statistics. Indium matrices were collected from 80 workers. Mean (SD) InP, InS and InB were 3.48 (3.84), 3.90 (4.15) and 4.66 (5.32) mcg/L, respectively. The InS-InP difference was 14%; InS was higher in all but two workers. InP and InS were highly correlated (r=>0.99). The InB-InS difference was 19%; InB was higher in 85% of workers. The InB-InP difference was 34%; InB was higher in 66% of workers. InB was highly correlated with both InP and InS (r=0.97 and 0.96, respectively). κ Statistics were 0.84, 0.83 and 0.82 for InP, InS and InB, respectively, for individuals with each matrix ≥1 mcg/L (p<0.01). While all matrices were highly correlated, we encourage the use of InP and InS to reliably compare studies across different populations using different matrices. The higher per cent difference and increased variability of InB may limit its utility in comparisons with InP and InS in different populations. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  19. Investigating the Relationship between Insulin-like Growth Factor-1 (IGF-1) in diabetic mother’s breast milk and the blood serum of their babies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohsen, Abdel Hakeem Abdel; Sallam, Salem; Ramzy, Maggie M.; Hamed, Eman Kamel

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Since research investigating IGF-1 levels in breast milk are few, the goal of this study was to analyze the IGF-1 levels in the breast milk of diabetic mothers as well as in the serum of their newborn babies and to identify what relationship exists between blood serum and IGF-1 milk levels through patient measurement of mothers and their babies. Methods This case control study was undertaken under the auspices of the Clinic of Neonatology at Al Minia University Pediatric Hospital over May 2012 through May 2013. With a total of 30 diabetic mothers and their babies forming the experimental group and the control group consisting of 15 non-diabetic mothers and their babies. A detailed medical history, anthropometric assessments, as well as the measurement of the baby’s serum IGF-1 and their mother’s breast milk IGF-1 levels were taken from all participants using ELSIA. The resulting data were analyzed via Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16 and measurements of descriptive statistics, t-test, Chi-square test, as well as the Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Results The Infants born to Diabetic Mothers (IDMs) demonstrated significantly greater anthropometric measurement. Both the serum levels and the milk IGF-1 levels as well as all of the physical measurements taken were found to have a positive correlation between the level of IGF-1 in mother’s milk and all of the anthropometric measurements studied with the exception of delivered baby’s length. Conclusion Higher levels of IGF-1 are present in the milk of diabetic mothers and the blood serum of their babies and this characteristic could be used as a prenatal biomarker for macrosomia. PMID:27504171

  20. Field evaluation of the InBios Chagas detect plus rapid test in serum and whole-blood specimens in Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Vishal; Ferrufino, Lisbeth; Gilman, Robert H; Ramirez, Margot; Saenza, Eliana; Malaga, Edith; Sanchez, Gerardo; Okamoto, Emi E; Sherbuck, Jacqueline E; Clark, Eva H; Galdos-Cardenas, Gerson; Bozo, Ricardo; Flores-Franco, Jorge Luis; Colanzi, Rony; Verastegui, Manuela; Bern, Caryn

    2014-12-01

    Trypanosoma cruzi causes Chagas disease, which affects an estimated 7 million to 8 million people. Chagas disease is endemic throughout Latin America, with the highest prevalence in Bolivia. Conventional diagnosis requires a well-equipped laboratory with experienced personnel. We evaluated the Chagas Detect Plus (CDP) (InBios, Seattle, WA), a rapid immunochromatographic assay for IgG antibodies to T. cruzi. CDP performance was compared to infection status based on results obtained by indirect hemagglutination assay, immunofluorescent-antibody test, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Confirmed infection required positive results by at least 2 conventional assays. We used specimens from adults of both sexes in a general hospital in the city of Santa Cruz and from pregnant women in a hospital and children in villages in the Bolivian Chaco, an area of hyperendemicity. CDP was performed in paired whole-blood and serum specimens from 385 individuals in the two hospital studies and in 200 serum specimens from the community study. CDP showed sensitivities/specificities of 96.2% (95% confidence interval, 92.7 to 98.4)/98.8% (95.9 to 99.9) in whole blood and 99.3% (97.5 to 99.9)/96.9% (94.2 to 98.6) in serum, with no differences by sex, age group, or study site. CDP showed excellent sensitivity and specificity in our study population, comparable to those of conventional serology. The test is reliable for field surveys, requires no laboratory equipment, and performed well in serum and whole blood. The CDP could also be used for accurate maternal screening to identify neonates at risk of congenital transmission. CDP performance data in diverse geographic areas are needed to strengthen the evidence base for its use. Copyright © 2014, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  1. Ketones blood test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acetone bodies; Ketones - serum; Nitroprusside test; Ketone bodies - serum; Ketones - blood; Ketoacidosis - ketones blood test ... fat cells break down in the blood. This test is used to diagnose ketoacidosis . This is a ...

  2. The effects of varying concentrations of dietary protein and fat on d blood gas, hematologic, serum chemistry and body temperature before and after strenuous exercise in Labrador Retreivers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph J Wakshlag

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Optimal dietary protocols for the athletic canine are often defined by requirements for endurance athletes, that do not always translate into optimal dietary interventions for all canine athletes. Prior research studying detection dogs suggests that dietary fat sources can influence olfaction; however, as fat is added to the diet the protein calories can be diminished potentially resulting in decreased red blood cell counts or albumin status. Optimal macronutrient profile for detection dogs may be different considering the unique work they engage in. To study a calorically high protein: low fat (18:57% ME, high protein: high fat (27:57% ME, and high protein: low fat (27:32% ME approach to feeding, 17 dogs were provided various diets in a 3 x 3 cross over design. Dogs were exercised on a treadmill and blood was taken pre-exercise, immediately post-exercise, 10 minutes and 20 minutes post-exercise to assess complete blood count, serum chemistry, blood gases, and cortisol; as well as rectal and core body temperature. Exercise induced a decrease in serum phosphorus, potassium, and increases in non-esterified fatty acids and cortisol typical of moderate exercise bouts. A complete and balanced high protein: high fat diet (27:57% ME induced decreases in serum cortisol and alkaline phosphatase. Corn oil top dressed low protein: high fat diet (18:57% ME induced a slightly better thermal recovery than a complete and balanced high fat: high protein diet and a low fat: high protein (32:27% ME diet suggesting some mild advantages when using the high fat: low protein diet that warrant further investigation regarding optimal protein and fat calories and thermal recovery.

  3. Relationship between blood serum insulin-like growth factor I concentration and postweaning feed efficiency of crossbred cattle at three levels of dietary intake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stick, D A; Davis, M E; Loerch, S C; Simmen, R C

    1998-02-01

    Blood serum concentration of IGF-I was analyzed to determine its relationship with individual postweaning feed efficiency (gain/feed) of 36 crossbred steer calves fed at three levels of feed intake (n = 12 at each level). Diets consisted of a corn silage-based growing diet for 84 d followed by a 91% concentrate finishing diet for 56 d. Dietary intake levels were at 80, 90, or 100% of ad libitum. Diets were formulated to ensure equal daily intake of protein, vitamins, and minerals across intake treatment levels. Intake was measured daily; ADG, DMI, and feed efficiency were calculated at 28-d intervals, through d 140. Individual weights and serum samples were collected at the beginning of the study and at 28-d intervals thereafter. The IGF-I concentrations were determined with a RIA. Data were analyzed as a multivariate split-plot in time. Imposed dietary intake restrictions did not affect serum IGF-I concentration (P = .90) or individual feed efficiency (P = .36), even though the least squares means for IGF-I concentration tended to decrease and the feed efficiency means tended to increase under the restricted intake levels. Serum IGF-I concentration, ADG, and feed efficiency were affected (P Residual correlations between IGF-I concentrations at adjacent 28-d sampling times averaged .72. Diet intake level x sampling time interactions existed for ADG (P = .02) and feed efficiency (P residual correlations of .28 (P feed efficiency, respectively. Regression analysis indicated that a 1 ng/mL increase in serum IGF-I concentration was associated with a .00135 kg/d increase in ADG (P feed increase in feed efficiency (P = .04). These results support the hypothesis that serum IGF-I plays a role in growth and in efficiency of feed utilization in beef cattle.

  4. Simple and robust diagnosis of early, small and AFP-negative primary hepatic carcinomas: an integrative approach of serum fluorescence and conventional blood tests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Ting; Zhang, Kun-He; Hu, Piao-Ping; Huang, Zeng-Yong; Zhang, Pan; Wan, Qin-Si; Huang, De-Qiang; Lv, Nong-Hua

    2016-09-27

    The diagnosis of early, small and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-negative primary hepatic carcinomas (PHCs) remains a significant challenge. We developed a simple and robust approach to noninvasively detect these PHCs. A rapid, high-throughput and single-tube method was firstly developed to measure serum autofluorescence and cell-free DNA (cfDNA)-related fluorescence using a real-time PCR system, and both types of serum fluorescence were measured and routine laboratory data were collected in 1229 subjects, including 353 PHC patients, 331 liver cirrhosis (LC) patients, 213 chronic hepatitis (CH) patients and 332 normal controls (NC). The results showed that fluorescence indicators of PHC differed from those of NC, CH and LC to various extents, and all of them were not associated with age, gender, or AFP level. The logistic regression models established with the fluorescence indicators alone and combined with AFP, hepatic function tests and blood cell analyses were valuable for distinguishing early, small, AFP-negative and all PHC from LC, CH, NC and all non-PHC, with areas under the receiver operating characteristic curves 0.857-0.993 and diagnostic accuracies 80.2-97.7%. Conclusively, serum autofluorescence and cfDNA-related fluorescence are able to be rapidly and simultaneously measured by our simple method and valuable for diagnosing early, small and AFP-negative PHCs, especially integrating with AFP and conventional blood tests.

  5. No effect of human serum and erythrocytes enriched in n-3 fatty acids by oral intake on Plasmodium falciparum blood stage parasites in vitro

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abu-Zeid, Y A; Hansen, H S; Jakobsen, P H

    1993-01-01

    acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) of 3.5 g/d and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, 22:6n-3) of 2.5 g/d and 24 mg/d of total tocopherol. Post-intake fish oil serum (post-s) and erythrocytes (post-e) were tested in vitro for inhibitory activity against blood stages of P. falciparum compared with pre-intake serum (pre-s......) and pre-intake erythrocyte (pre-e). Also the effect of EPA and arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4n-6) on the erythrocytic growth of P. falciparum was tested using in vitro assays. The results show that both post-s and post-e had no antimalarial activity on P. falciparum. No differential antimalarial effect......To examine the effect of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) on the erythrocytic growth of Plasmodium falciparum, serum and erythrocytes were separated from blood of a healthy donor before and after he had taken fish oil capsules for 8 days. Such intake supplied an amount of eicosapentaenoic...

  6. The Association between Serum 25(OHD Status and Blood Pressure in Participants of a Community-Based Program Taking Vitamin D Supplements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naghmeh Mirhosseini

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Vitamin D deficiency is a risk factor for hypertension. Methods: We assessed 8155 participants in a community-based program to investigate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OHD status and blood pressure (BP and the influence of vitamin D supplementation on hypertension. Participants were provided vitamin D supplements to reach a target serum 25(OHD > 100 nmol/L. A nested case-control study was conducted to examine the effect of achieving physiological vitamin D status in those who were hypertensive and not taking BP-lowering medication, and hypertensive participants that initiated BP-lowering medication after program entry. Results: At baseline, 592 participants (7.3% were hypertensive; of those, 71% were no longer hypertensive at follow-up (12 ± 3 months later. There was a significant negative association between BP and serum 25(OHD level (systolic BP: coefficient = −0.07, p < 0.001; diastolic BP: coefficient = −0.1, p < 0.001. Reduced mean systolic (−18 vs. −14 mmHg and diastolic (−12 vs. −12 mmHg BP, pulse pressure (−5 vs. −1 mmHg and mean arterial pressure (−14 vs. −13 mmHg were not significantly different between hypertensive participants who did and did not take BP-lowering medication. Conclusion: Improved serum 25(OHD concentrations in hypertensive individuals who were vitamin D insufficient were associated with improved control of systolic and diastolic BP.

  7. Combination of direct infusion mass spectrometry and gas chromatography mass spectrometry for toxicometabolomic study of red blood cells and serum of mice Mus musculus after mercury exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Sevillano, M A; García-Barrera, T; Navarro, F; Abril, N; Pueyo, C; López-Barea, J; Gómez-Ariza, J L

    2015-03-15

    Although mercury (Hg) is an important environmental and occupational pollutant, its toxicological effects, especially in serum and red blood cells (RBCs), have been scarcely studied. A toxicometabolomics workflow based on high resolution mass spectrometry approaches has been applied to investigate the toxicological effects of Hg in Mus musculus mice after subcutaneous injection for 10 days, which produced inflammation and vacuolization, steatosis and karyolysis in the hepatic tissue. To this end, direct infusion mass spectrometry (DIMS) of polar and lipophilic extracts from serum and RBCs, using positive and negative mode of acquisition (ESI+/ESI-), and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry were used. A quantitative analysis of reversible oxidized thiols in serum proteins demonstrated a strong oxidative stress induction in the liver of Hg-exposed mice. Endogenous metabolites alterations were identified by partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Mercury-exposed mice show perturbations in energy metabolism, amino acid metabolism, membrane phospholipid breakdown and oxidative stress-related metabolites in serum along the exposure. This work reports for the first time the effects of Hg-exposure on RBCs metabolic pathways, and reveals disturbances in glycolysis, membrane turnover, glutathione and ascorbate metabolisms. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  8. Effect of supplements: Probiotics and probiotic plus honey on blood cell counts and serum IgA in patients receiving pelvic radiotherapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hajar-Alsadat Mansouri-Tehrani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Radiotherapy is frequently used in treatment approaches of pelvic malignancies. Nevertheless, it has some known systemic effects on blood cells and the immune system that possibly results in their susceptibility to infection. Probiotics are live microbial food ingredients that provide a health advantage to the consumer. Honey has prebiotic properties. The aim of this clinical trial was to investigate probable effects of probiotic or probiotics plus honey on blood cell counts and serum IgA levels in patients receiving pelvic radiotherapy. Materials and Methods: Sixty-seven adult patients with pelvic cancer were enrolled. Patients were randomized to receive either: (1 Probiotic capsules (including: Lactobacillus casei, Lactobacillus acidophilus, Lactobacillus rhamnosus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, Bifidobacterium breve, Bifidobacterium longum, and Streptococcus thermophiles (n = 22, (2 probiotic capsules plus honey (n = 21 or (3 placebo capsules (n = 24 all for 6 weeks. Blood and serum samples were collected for one week before radiotherapy and 24-72 h after the end of radiotherapy. Results: White blood cells (WBC, red blood cells (RBC, platelet counts, and serum IgA level were not significantly changed in patients taking probiotic (alone or plus honey during pelvic radiotherapy. The mean decrease in RBC count was 0.52, 0.18, and 0.23 × 10 6 cells/μL, WBC count was 2.3, 1.21, and 1.34 × 10 3 cells/μL and platelet count was, 57.6, 53.3, and 66.35 × 10 3 cells/μL for the probiotic, probiotic plus honey, and placebo groups, respectively. The mean decrease of serum IgA was 22.53, 29.94, and 40.73 mg/dL for the probiotic, probiotic plus honey, and placebo groups, respectively. Conclusion: The observed nonsignificant effect of probiotics may be in favor of local effects of this product in the gut rather than systemic effects, however, as a trend toward a benefit was indicated, further studies are necessary in order to extract effects of

  9. BLOOD

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    benefit (altruism). '35 An individual who gives blood in replacement for that which has been given to his relation is referred to as family replacement donor. '2 But when a person donates blood for the purpose of transfusing a. defined patient, such a person is referred to as. AHMED S. G. AND HASSAN A. W. a directed donor.

  10. Effects of Discontinuous Administration of Dietary Mannan oligosaccharide and β-1,3-glucan on Hematological and Blood Serum Biochemical Parameters of Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Akrami

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Bans and restrictions of antibiotics as feed additives in fish culture in many countries have resulted in the increase in studies on alternative dietary supplements such as prebiotics to enhance the health and production of cultured fish. Prebiotics are nondigestible food ingredients that beneficially affect the host by selectively stimulating the growth and/or activity of one or a limited number of bacteria in the colon. In addition, prebiotics promote the growth of lactic acid bacteria that are beneficial to health and lessen the density of pathogenic microorganisms. Because of the conservation of immune system, it is suggested that alternate administration of different immunostimulants may activate different parts of immune system of shrimps and take advantage of different immunostimulants to solve the problem of immunity fatigue and enhance the immunity continuously. However, there is no report on the discontinuous administration of immunostimulants for rainbow trout. Thus, considering the strategic importance of this species, the goal of this study was to assess the effects of discontinuous administration of dietary mannan oligosaccharide and β-1,3-glucan on hematological and blood serum biochemical parameters of rainbow trout. Materials and Methods A 6-week trial was conducted to compare the effects of discontinuous administration of dietary mannan oligosaccharide and β-1,3-glucan on hematological and blood serum biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss. Four feeding strategies were set, including feeding prebiotic-free diet continuously (control, feeding dietary prebiotic continuously (1.5 g kg-1, feeding dietary alternately (one week prebiotic+one week control diet and 2 Day prebiotic+5 Day control diet. Juveniles were fed the experimental diet in rate of 4% of the body weight per day, spread across two feeding time. At the end of the experiment, three fish were sampled randomly from each tank and were

  11. Comparison of FTIR-ATR and Raman spectroscopy in determination of VLDL triglycerides in blood serum with PLS regression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oleszko, Adam; Hartwich, Jadwiga; Wójtowicz, Anna; Gąsior-Głogowska, Marlena; Huras, Hubert; Komorowska, Małgorzata

    2017-08-01

    Hypertriglyceridemia, related with triglyceride (TG) in plasma above 1.7 mmol/L is one of the cardiovascular risk factors. Very low density lipoproteins (VLDL) are the main TG carriers. Despite being time consuming, demanding well-qualified staff and expensive instrumentation, ultracentrifugation technique still remains the gold standard for the VLDL isolation. Therefore faster and simpler method of VLDL-TG determination is needed. Vibrational spectroscopy, including FT-IR and Raman, is widely used technique in lipid and protein research. The aim of this study was assessment of Raman and FT-IR spectroscopy in determination of VLDL-TG directly in serum with the isolation step omitted. TG concentration in serum and in ultracentrifugated VLDL fractions from 32 patients were measured with reference colorimetric method. FT-IR and Raman spectra of VLDL and serum samples were acquired. Partial least square (PLS) regression was used for calibration and leave-one-out cross validation. Our results confirmed possibility of reagent-free determination of VLDL-TG directly in serum with both Raman and FT-IR spectroscopy. Quantitative VLDL testing by FT-IR and/or Raman spectroscopy applied directly to maternal serum seems to be promising screening test to identify women with increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes and patient friendly method of choice based on ease of performance, accuracy and efficiency.

  12. Clinical survey of blood dyscrasias among Hiroshima A-bomb survivors by periodical health examination, (6). Serum ferritin determination of anemic patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abe, T.; Dohy, H.; Okita, H. (Hiroshima Univ. (Japan). Research Inst. for Nuclear Medicine and Biology)

    1980-11-01

    Serum ferritin was determined in A-bomb survivors, and its significance was evaluated. A low-ferritin group included many of the females under the age of 50, who mostly had iron deficient anemia. A high-ferritin group included many older-aged A-bomb survivors who had secondary anemia due to hemochromatosis, paroxismal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH), and multiple myeloma. Secondary anemia due to hemochromatosis, PNH, leukemia, and sideroblastic anemia was detected in those who were old and had underlying moderate or severe anemia with a high ferritin level. As the results of this investigation, blood examination combined with serum ferritin determination is valuable for diagnosis of anemia and detection of underlying diseases.

  13. Comparison of ELISA and capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection in the analysis of Ochratoxin A in low volumes of human blood serum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Köller, Gábor; Wichmann, Gunnar; Rolle-Kampczyk, Ulrike; Popp, Peter; Herbarth, Olf

    2006-08-18

    In this paper the determination of Ochratoxin A (OTA) in low volumes of human blood serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is compared with an appropriate capillary electrophoresis with laser-induced fluorescence detection (CE-LIF) method. In order to use ELISA for high-throughput analysis in epidemiological studies no sample cleanup was performed. Both methods showed a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.5 ng/mL. Comparing the precisions of both methods, the data show that the quantified concentrations in ELISA are higher than the corresponding concentrations in the CE-LIF method. Using a matrix calibration curve instead of a standard calibration curve the reproducibilities of both methods are comparable. No additional matrix effect could be observed by adding phenylalanine as probable matrix compound to the serum.

  14. Long-term effects of a carbohydrate-rich diet on fasting blood sugar, lipid profile, and serum insulin values in rural Bengalis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukherjee, Sutapa; Thakur, Goutam; Kumar, Balasubramaniam Dinesh; Mitra, Analava; Chakraborty, Chandan

    2009-12-01

    The prevalence of Type 2 diabetes is increasing in rural areas of India, where there is also often a lack of health infrastructure. Thus, a proper dietary study with the view of combating diabetes is essential. The aim of the present study was to determine the long-term effect of a carbohydrate-rich diet in rural Bengal. Volunteers (n = 320) were selected from three villages in Kharagpur and were randomly divided into a control and experimental group (n = 160 in each). The design of the study was such that non-significant differences in any of the dependent variables were maintainted prior to the application of control or treatment modes. In the control group, volunteers consumed carbohydrate as part of their diet, whereas in the experimental group carbohydrate consumption was >70%. Blood samples from both groups were collected on yearly basis for 5 years and fasting blood sugar (FBS), lipid profile and serum insulin values were analyzed. The blood biochemistry profiles were monitored before the start and at the end of the study. The results indicate that increased intake of carbohydrate causes significant increases in FBS (P carbohydrate on FBS, serum insulin, triglycerides and VLDL-C indicate that a proper nutritional policy needs to be implemented for this population of rural, low-income Bengalis. © 2009 Ruijin Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  15. Effect of Pterocarpus santalinus bark, on blood glucose, serum lipids, plasma insulin and hepatic carbohydrate metabolic enzymes in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kondeti, Vinay Kumar; Badri, Kameswara Rao; Maddirala, Dilip Rajasekhar; Thur, Sampath Kumar Mekala; Fatima, Shaik Sameena; Kasetti, Ramesh Babu; Rao, Chippada Appa

    2010-05-01

    The present study was designed to investigate the effect of bark of Pterocarpus santalinus, an ethnomedicinal plant, on blood glucose, plasma insulin, serum lipids and the activities of hepatic glucose metabolizing enzymes in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats were treated (acute/short-term and long-term) with ethyl acetate:methanol fractions of ethanolic extract of the bark of P. santalinus. Fasting blood glucose, HbA(1C), plasma insulin and protein were estimated before and after the treatment, along with hepatic glycogen, and activities of hexokinase, glucose-6-phosphatase, fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. Further anti-hyperlipidemic activity was studied by measuring the levels of serum lipids and lipoproteins. Phytochemical analysis of active fraction showed the presence of flavonoids, glycosides and phenols. Biological testing of the active fraction demonstrated a significant antidiabetic activity by reducing the elevated blood glucose levels and glycosylated hemoglobin, improving hyperlipidemia and restoring the insulin levels in treated experimental induced diabetic rats. Further elucidation of mechanism of action showed improvement in the hepatic carbohydrate metabolizing enzymes after the treatment. Our present investigation suggests that active fraction of ethanolic extract of bark of P. santalinus decreases streptozotocin induced hyperglycemia by increasing glycolysis and decreasing gluconeogenesis. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Kolaviron Improved Resistance to Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in the Blood (Erythrocyte, Serum, and Plasma of Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omolola R. Ayepola

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Aims. Bitter kola seed (Garcinia kola, family: Guttiferae has been used as a social masticatory agent in Africa for several years and is believed to possess many useful medicinal properties. The present study evaluates the antioxidative, anti-inflammatory, and antilipidemic effects of kolaviron (an extract from the Garcinia kola seeds in the blood of streptozotocin- (STZ induced diabetic rats. Methods. Diabetic rats were treated with kolaviron (100 mg/kg b·wt orally, five times a week for a period of six weeks. Serum glucose and HBA1C concentrations were estimated in experimental groups. The activities of antioxidant enzymes: catalase (CAT, superoxide dismutase (SOD, and glutathione peroxidase (GPX (in erythrocytes as well as plasma concentration of malondialdehyde (MDA, a product of lipid peroxidation, oxygen radical absorbing capacity (ORAC and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP were investigated. Serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines and growth factor: interleukin- (IL- 1, monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF, respectively, were also analyzed. Results. Kolaviron treatment markedly improved antioxidant status and abated inflammatory response evidenced by reduction in the levels of proinflammatory cytokines and growth factor, lipid peroxidation product, and the restoration of activities of erythrocyte antioxidant enzymes in the blood of diabetic rats. Conclusion. Kolaviron improved antioxidant status, reduced inflammation, and protected against hyperglycemic-induced oxidative damage in the blood of diabetic rats.

  17. The effect of cardamom supplementation on serum lipids, glycemic indices and blood pressure in overweight and obese pre-diabetic women: a randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatemeh, Yaghooblou; Siassi, Fereydoun; Rahimi, Abbas; Koohdani, Fariba; Doostan, Farideh; Qorbani, Mostafa; Sotoudeh, Gity

    2017-01-01

    Spice consumption helps the treatment of diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory contents. Cardamom is one of this spices; therefore, this study is designed to determine the effect of cardamom supplementation on serum lipids, glycemic indices, and blood pressure in pre-diabetic women. Eighty overweight or obese pre-diabetic women were randomly allocated to two groups. The intervention group received 3 g of green cardamom and the placebo group received 3 g of rusk powder for 2 months. The physical activity level, dietary intake, anthropometric measurements, Blood pressure, fasting blood sugar (FBS), triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein (HDL-C), insulin, body mass index (BMI), insulin resistance, and insulin sensitivity were measured before and after intervention. After intervention, mean TC (p = 0.02) and LDL-C (p = 0.01) significantly decreased and insulin sensitivity (p = 0.03) increased in the cardamom group. In the control group, mean HDL-C (p = 0.02) significantly decreased after the study. We observed no significant decrease in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, glycemic indices, and serum lipids values in the cardamom group compared to the placebo group. Green cardamom supplementation may have a protective effect on HDL-C level in pre-diabetic subjects. It improves some blood parameters in these subjects; however, its effects are not different from placebo. Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials, IRCT2014060817254N2. Registered 2 September 2014.

  18. Effect of daily milk supplementation on serum and umbilical cord blood folic acid concentrations in pregnant Han and Mongolian women and birth characteristics in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yun-feng; Hu, Na-shun; Tian, Xiao-bin; Li, Li; Wang, Shang-ming; Xu, Xiang-bo; Wang, Ning; Shi, Cui-ge; Zhu, Jin-cai; Sun, Jing-Sseng; Bao, Jin-hua; Lang, Si-hai; Li, Chang-jiang; Fan, De-gang; Zhang, Ling; Zhang, Bin; Gao, Yu; He, Bin; Wang, Jie-dong; Zhang, Shu-cheng

    2014-01-01

    Many studies have demonstrated the efficacy of folic acid (FA) supplementation in prevention of neural tube defects (NTDs), although the extent of NTDs varies among individuals of different races and ethnic origin. China is a multi-ethnic country with no standard practice for FA-fortified food. Milk is consumed by women, but little is known about the effects of milk on folate concentration in maternal blood and neonatal umbilical cord blood in Han and Mongolian women after stopping taking the supplement for a month and five month, respectively. The objective of this study was to determine whether only daily consumption of liquid milk can increase the blood folate concentration in pregnant women and whether there are differences in blood folate concentrations between Han and Mongolian women after cessation of FA supplementation. Of the 4052 women enrolled in the parallel group design study. Three thousand five hundred and twenty-six women had confirmed pregnancies and were randomized to receive liquid milk or not until delivery. Women who consumed the liquid milk had significantly increased serum folate concentrations at 16 and 32 weeks of gestation as well as cord blood at birth compared to control groups in both ethnic groups. Infants born to women drinking milk also had better the term birth weight and height, which may be related to the increased concentration of folate. In conclusion, daily consumption of milk can increase the serum folate concentration in pregnant Han and Mongolian women in China (differences in the efficacy of FA and milk supplementation) and may enhance birth outcomes.

  19. NMR metabolomics profiling of blood plasma mimics shows that medium- and long-chain fatty acids differently release metabolites from human serum albumin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jupin, M.; Michiels, P. J.; Girard, F. C.; Spraul, M.; Wijmenga, S. S.

    2014-02-01

    Metabolite profiling by NMR of body fluids is increasingly used to successfully differentiate patients from healthy individuals. Metabolites and their concentrations are direct reporters of body biochemistry. However, in blood plasma the NMR-detected free-metabolite concentrations are also strongly affected by interactions with the abundant plasma proteins, which have as of yet not been considered much in metabolic profiling. We previously reported that many of the common NMR-detected metabolites in blood plasma bind to human serum albumin (HSA) and many are released by fatty acids present in fatted HSA. HSA is the most abundant plasma protein and main transporter of endogenous and exogenous metabolites. Here, we show by NMR how the two most common fatty acids (FAs) in blood plasma - the long-chain FA, stearate (C18:0) and medium-chain FA, myristate (C14:0) - affect metabolite-HSA interaction. Of the set of 18 common NMR-detected metabolites, many are released by stearate and/or myristate, lactate appearing the most strongly affected. Myristate, but not stearate, reduces HSA-binding of phenylalanine and pyruvate. Citrate signals were NMR invisible in the presence of HSA. Only at high myristate-HSA mole ratios 11:1, is citrate sufficiently released to be detected. Finally, we find that limited dilution of blood-plasma mimics releases HSA-bound metabolites, a finding confirmed in real blood plasma samples. Based on these findings, we provide recommendations for NMR experiments for quantitative metabolite profiling.

  20. Effect of Probiotic Soy Milk on Serum Levels of Adiponectin, Inflammatory Mediators, Lipid Profile, and Fasting Blood Glucose Among Patients with Type II Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feizollahzadeh, Sadegh; Ghiasvand, Reza; Rezaei, Abbas; Khanahmad, Hossein; Sadeghi, Akram; Hariri, Mitra

    2017-03-01

    Probiotic therapies are going to be an effective alternative therapeutic strategy in the treatment and management of diabetes. The mechanism behind the essential effects of probiotic therapies in diabetic patients was not fully understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of probiotic soy milk containing Lactobacillus planetarum A7 on inflammation, lipid profile, fasting blood glucose, and serum adiponectin among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Forty patients with type 2 diabetes, at the age of 35-68 years old, were assigned to two groups in this randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial. The patients in the intervention group consumed 200 ml/day of probiotic soy milk containing L. planetarum A7 and those in control group consumed 200 ml/day of pure soy milk for 8 weeks. Serum TNF-α, C reactive protein, adiponectin, lipid profile, and fasting blood glucose were determined before and after intervention. In intervention group, serum adiponectin in pre- and post-treatment did not show any significant changes (2.52 ± 0.74 vs 2.84 ± 0.61, P = 0.658), as well as changes in serum TNF-α and C reactive protein (172.44 ± 5.7 vs 172.83 ± 7.6, P = 0.278, 4.2 ± 1.4 vs 4.5 ± 1.9, P = 0.765, respectively). Low-density cholesterol and high-density cholesterol changed significantly (P = 0.023, P = 0.017, respectively), but fasting blood glucose did not show any significant changes. The results of this study showed that consumption of probiotic soy milk and soy milk has no effect on serum adiponectin and inflammation, but it can change lipid profile among type 2 diabetic patients.

  1. Experimental infection of commercial layers with wild or attenuated Salmonella Gallinarum mutant strains: anatomic pathology, total blood cell count and serum protein levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    KO Garcia

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to comparatively evaluate hemogram, blood serum components and anatomopathologic alterations in commercial layers experimentally challenged with an attenuated vaccine candidate strain (SG∆cobS∆cbiA and other two pathogenic strains (SGDcobS and SGNalr of Gallinarum (SG. In total, 280 commercial layers were randomly divided into 4 groups (G1, G2, G3 and G4. At five days of age, birds from groups G1 received approximately 107 colony forming units (CFU of SGDcobS; meanwhile birds from group G2 and G3 received the same dose of SGNalr and SG∆cobS∆cbiA, respectively. Birds from G4 were not infected. At 24 hours before (DBI and 24 hours after (1 DAI, and three (3 DAI, five (5 DAI, seven (7 DAI ten (10 DAI, and fifteen (15 DAI days after the infection, 10 birds of each group were humanely killed and blood samples collected to hematological and serum tests. Samples of liver, spleen, thymus, bursa of Fabricius, kidney and heart were also collected for the histological examination. Birds inoculated with SGDcobS and SGNalr showed similar alterations in hemogram, blood serum components and anatomopathologic exams. On the other hand, the exams of birds inoculated with SG∆cobS∆cbiA strain were similar to those of the uninfected birds. However, changes could be noticed in levels of uric acid and cholesterol during the course of the infection of birds from G3. Decrease in levels of light IgG 3 DAI was also observed in birds from this group. Pyknosis in kidney cells was a microscopic alteration found in birds from G3. Further studies must be done to verify if these alterations will not interfere in the performance of the vaccinate birds with SG∆cobS∆cbiA strain.

  2. Blood Metal Concentrations of Manganese, Lead, and Cadmium in Relation to Serum Ferritin Levels in Ohio Residents

    Science.gov (United States)

    The objectives of this study were to assess fcrritin-specific profiles of blood metal concentrations such as manganese, lead, and cadmium and to evaluate whether ferritin may affect the behavior of the blood metals in relation to menstruation, menopause, or sex in Ohio residents....

  3. Relevance of pre-analytical blood management on the emerging cardiovascular protein biomarkers TWEAK and HMGB1 and on miRNA serum and plasma profiling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basso, Daniela; Padoan, Andrea; Laufer, Thomas; Aneloni, Vittorio; Moz, Stefania; Schroers, Hannah; Pelloso, Michela; Saiz, Anna; Krapp, Medea; Fogar, Paola; Cornoldi, Paola; Zambon, Carlo-Federico; Rossi, Elisa; La Malfa, Marco; Marotti, Alberto; Brefort, Thomas; Weis, Tanja M; Katus, Hugo A; Plebani, Mario

    2017-03-01

    Disease-independent sources of biomarker variability include pre-analytical, analytical and biological variance. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether the pre-analytical phase has any impact on the emerging heart disease TWEAK and HMGB1 protein markers and miRNA biomarkers, and whether peptidome profiling allows the identification of pre-analytical quality markers. An assessment was made of sample type (serum, EDTA-Plasma, Citrate-Plasma, ACD-plasma, Heparin-plasma), temperature of sample storage (room temperature or refrigerated), time of sample storage (0.5, 3, 6 and 9h) and centrifugation (one or two-step). Aliquots of all processed samples were immediately frozen (-80°C) before analysis. Proteins were assayed by ELISAs, miRNA expression profile by microarray and peptidome profiling by MALDI-TOF/MS. Temperature, time and centrifugation had no impact on TWEAK and HMGB1 results, which were significantly influenced by matrix type, TWEAK levels being significantly higher (F=194.7, p<0.0001), and HMGB1 levels significantly lower (F=36.32, p<0.0001) in serum than in any other plasma type. Unsuitable miRNA results were obtained using Heparin-plasma. Serum miRNA expression profiles depended mainly on temperature, while EDTA-plasma miRNA expression profiles were strongly affected by the centrifugation method used. MALDI-TOF/MS allowed the identification of seven features as indices of pre-analytical serum (m/z at 1206, 1350, 1865 and 2021) or EDTA-plasma (m/z 1897, 2740 and 2917) degradation. Serum and EDTA-plasma allow the analysis of both proteins and miRNA emerging biomarkers of heart diseases. Refrigerated storage prevents an altered miRNA expression profile also in cases of a prolonged time-interval between blood drawing and processing. Copyright © 2016 The Canadian Society of Clinical Chemists. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Performance of serum and dried blood spot acylcarnitine profiles for detection of fatty acid β-oxidation disorders in adult patients with rhabdomyolysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Thihli, Khalid; Sinclair, Graham; Sirrs, Sandra; Mezei, Michelle; Nelson, Judie; Vallance, Hilary

    2014-03-01

    Plasma/serum and dried blood spot (DBS) acylcarnitine profiles (ACPs) are key to the diagnosis of mitochondrial fatty acid β-oxidation disorders (FAODs). Despite their significant clinical applications, limited published data exists to compare their sensitivities and specificities. We retrospectively evaluated these two methods in adult patients with a history of rhabdomyolysis; investigated for an underlying FAOD. A retrospective study was completed for adult patients (investigated between 2003 and 2011) meeting the inclusion criteria of a history of recurrent rhabdomyolysis or one episode of rhabdomyolysis with a history of exercise intolerance. All subjects underwent investigations for an underlying FAOD including DBS and serum ACP analysis concurrently collected during a symptom-free period, and skin biopsy for cultured fibroblast fatty acid oxidation studies or enzyme activity measurement, as indicated, with or without molecular confirmation. Their medical records were reviewed, and the performance of the two methods were compared. Seven out of 31 subjects (22.6 %) were diagnosed with an underlying FAOD. Long chain acylcarnitines were more markedly elevated in serum samples from confirmed CPTII cases (n = 4) as compared to matched DBS profiles. The sensitivity and specificity of DBS ACP was 71.4 % (95 % CI, 0.30-0.95) and 100 % (95 % CI, 0.79-1.00), respectively, compared to a sensitivity of 100 % (95 % CI, 0.56-1.00) and a specificity of 94.7 % (95 % CI, 0.72-1.00) for serum ACP. FAODs appear to be a common cause of recurrent rhabdomyolysis or rhabdomyolysis with a history of exercise induced myalgia. At least historically, FAODs maybe underdiagnosed in adults with rhabdomyolysis. This study suggests that serum ACP might be more sensitive than DBS ACP for detection of an underlying FAOD in adults with rhabdomyolysis while asymptomatic.

  5. Assessment risk of osteoporosis in Chinese people: relationship among body mass index, serum lipid profiles, blood glucose, and bone mineral density

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cui RT

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Rongtao Cui,1 Lin Zhou,2 Zuohong Li,2 Qing Li,2 Zhiming Qi,2 Junyong Zhang3 1Department of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery, Surgical Research, Duisburg-Essen University Hospital, Essen, Germany; 2Department of Orthopedics, Dalian Central Hospital, Dalian, 3Department of Gastroenterology, Shandong Provincial Hospital, Jinan, People’s Republic of China Objective: The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship among age, sex, body mass index (BMI, serum lipid profiles, blood glucose (BG, and bone mineral density (BMD, making an assessment of the risk of osteoporosis.Materials and methods: A total of 1,035 male and 3,953 female healthy volunteers (aged 41–95 years were recruited by an open invitation. The basic information, including age, sex, height, weight, waistline, hipline, menstrual cycle, and medical history, were collected by a questionnaire survey and physical examination. Serum lipid profiles, BG, postprandial blood glucose, and glycosylated hemoglobin were obtained after 12 hours fasting. BMD in lumbar spine was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning.Results: The age-adjusted BMD in females was significantly lower than in males. With aging, greater differences of BMD distribution exist in elderly females than in males (P<0.001, and the fastigium of bone mass loss was in the age range from 51 to 55 in females and from 61 to 65 years in males. After adjustment for sex, there were significant differences in BMD among BMI-stratified groups in both males and females. The subjects with a BMI of <18.5 had a higher incidence of osteoporosis than BMI ≥18.5 in both sexes. BMD in type 2 diabetes mellitus with a BG of >7.0 mmol/L was lower than in people with BG of ≤7.0 mmol/L (P<0.001. People with serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of ≥1.56 mmol/L had a greater prevalence of osteoporosis compared with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ≤1.55 mmol/L. Logistic regression with odds ratios showed that

  6. Serum thyroglobulin levels in preterm infants with and without the respiratory distress syndrome. I. Cord blood study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kok, J. H.; Tegelaers, W. H.; de Vijlder, J. J.

    1986-01-01

    Cord serum levels of thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) in 147 term and preterm infants were related to gestation age, birth weight, respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), and several perinatal factors by means of multiple linear regression analysis. None of the perinatal factors

  7. Serum iron test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fe+2; Ferric ion; Fe++; Ferrous ion; Iron - serum; Anemia - serum iron; Hemochromatosis - serum iron ... A blood sample is needed. Iron levels are highest in the morning. Your health care provider will likely have you do this test in the morning.

  8. Effects of Acidic Polysaccharides from Gastrodia Rhizome on Systolic Blood Pressure and Serum Lipid Concentrations in Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats Fed a High-Fat Diet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ok-Hwan; Kim, Kyung-Im; Han, Chan-Kyu; Kim, Young-Chan; Hong, Hee-Do

    2012-01-01

    The effects of acidic polysaccharides purified from Gastrodia rhizome on blood pressure and serum lipid levels in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) fed a high-fat diet were investigated. Acidic polysaccharides were purified from crude polysaccharides by DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B. Thirty-six male SHR were randomly divided into three groups: Gastrodia rhizome crude polysaccharide (A), acidic polysaccharide (B) groups, and a control group (C). A 5-week oral administration of all treatment groups was performed daily in 3- to 8-week-old SHRs with a dose of 6 mg/kg of body weight/day. After 5 weeks of treatment, total cholesterol in the acidic polysaccharide group, at 69.7 ± 10.6 mg/dL, was lower than in the crude polysaccharide group (75.0 ± 6.0 mg/dL) and the control group (89.2 ± 7.4 mg/dL). In addition, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the acidic polysaccharide group were lower than in the crude polysaccharide and control groups. The atherogenic index of the acidic polysaccharide group was 46.3% lower than in the control group. Initial blood pressure after the initial three weeks on the high-fat diet averaged 195.9 ± 3.3 mmHg among all rats. Compared with the initial blood pressure, the final blood pressure in the control group was increased by 22.8 mmHg, whereas it decreased in the acidic polysaccharide group by 14.9 mmHg. These results indicate that acidic polysaccharides from Gastrodia rhizome reduce hypertension and improve serum lipid levels. PMID:22312280

  9. Creation of a federated database of blood proteins: a powerful new tool for finding and characterizing biomarkers in serum

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Protein biomarkers offer major benefits for diagnosis and monitoring of disease processes. Recent advances in protein mass spectrometry make it feasible to use this very sensitive technology to detect and quantify proteins in blood. To explore the potential of blood biomarkers, we conducted a thorough review to evaluate the reliability of data in the literature and to determine the spectrum of proteins reported to exist in blood with a goal of creating a Federated Database of Blood Proteins (FDBP). A unique feature of our approach is the use of a SQL database for all of the peptide data; the power of the SQL database combined with standard informatic algorithms such as BLAST and the statistical analysis system (SAS) allowed the rapid annotation and analysis of the database without the need to create special programs to manage the data. Our mathematical analysis and review shows that in addition to the usual secreted proteins found in blood, there are many reports of intracellular proteins and good agreement on transcription factors, DNA remodelling factors in addition to cellular receptors and their signal transduction enzymes. Overall, we have catalogued about 12,130 proteins identified by at least one unique peptide, and of these 3858 have 3 or more peptide correlations. The FDBP with annotations should facilitate testing blood for specific disease biomarkers. PMID:24476026

  10. Effect of different types of stress on adrenal gland parameters and adrenal hormones in the blood serum of male Wistar rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adžić M.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, we examined gross changes in the mass of whole adrenal glands and that of the adrenal cortex and medulla in mature male Wistar rats subjected to three different stress types: acute, chronic, and combined, i.e., chronic followed by acute stress. These parameters were correlated with adrenal activity as judged from serum levels of corticosterone and catecholamine, respectively, as well as with serum levels of ACTH and glucose. Under all three conditions, we observed bilaterally asymmetric and stress-type-independent hypertrophy of whole adrenals, as well as adrenal cortices and medullas. Under acute and combined stress, adrenal hypertrophy was followed by increase of adrenal hormones in the blood serum. However, under chronic stress, both cortical and medullar activities as judged from low or unaltered levels of the respective hormones and glucose were compromised and disconnected from the input signal of ACTH. Since all of the studied adrenal activities could be restored by subsequent acute stress, it is concluded that chronic isolation can be viewed as partly maladaptive stress with characteristics resembling stress resistance rather than the stress exhaustion stage of the general adaptation syndrome.

  11. Dietary supplementation with dried chicory root triggers changes in the blood serum proteins engaged in the clotting process and the innate immune response in growing pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepczynski, A; Herosimczyk, A; Ozgo, M; Skomial, J; Taciak, M; Barszcz, M; Berezecka, N

    2015-02-01

    The aim of the study was to characterize the systemic immune and metabolic alterations in the blood serum of growing pigs in response to a dietary supplementation with 4% of dried chicory roots. This was achieved by examining the influence of the experimental diet on serum protein changes especially these related with immunology and lipid metabolism. Serum proteins with the isoelectric point ranging from pH 3.0 to 10.0 were separated using high resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis. As a result, we found that experimental diet triggered significant changes in 37 protein spots. Of these, 14 were up-regulated, whereas 23 showed down-regulation. Of 37 significantly altered protein spots, 24 were successfully identified, representing 14 distinct gene products. Implementation of the dried chicory roots into the diet of growing pigs caused a significant down-regulation of apolipoprotein C-II complement component C6, C-reactive protein, CD14 antigen, C4b binding protein α and β chains, and fibrinogen. Piglets fed experimental diet had similar IgA, IgG and IgM concentrations, although the level of IgM tended to be lower compared to the control group. It is concluded that diet supplemented with 4% of dried chicory root may exert anti-inflammatory properties and affect lipid metabolism in growing pigs.

  12. [How aliphatic alcohols and ph affect reactional capability of the horse blood serum cholinesterase at its interaction with organophosphorus inhibitors].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basova, N E; Kormilitsin, B N; Perchenok, A Iu; Rozengart, E V; Saakov, V S; Suvorov, A A

    2013-01-01

    There was studied action of aliphatic alcohols (ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, n-butanol, isobutanol, secbutanol, tretbetanol) and pH on various kinds of reactional capability the serum cholinesterase. At the alcohols-affected inhibition of the cholinesterase hydrolytic activity, the determining role was played not the total number carbon atoms in the alcohol molecule, but by the "effective length" of the carbohydrate chain. The fact that the presence of alcohols did not affect parameters of the reverse cholinesterase inhibition with onium ions tetramethylammonium and choline allows suggesting the absence of effect solvents on specific acetylcholine sorption in the enzyme active center. With aid of two rows of hydrophobic organophosphorus inhibitors (OPI), we have managed to estimate both the degree and the character itself of the modifying action of alcohols and pH on the process of irreversible inhibition of serum cholinesterase.

  13. Maternal plasma or human serum albumin in wash buffer enhances enrichment and ex vivo expansion of human umbilical cord blood CD34+ cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, Yvonne K; Tang, Mary H Y; Law, Helen K W; Ngai, Cora S; Lau, Yu Lung; Lau, Elizabeth T

    2007-06-01

    Umbilical cord blood is a valuable source of haemopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSC) for transplantation. This study explored the effect of maternal plasma/human serum albumin (HSA) in the purification and culture conditions of CD34+ cells derived from human umbilical cord blood. During CD34+ cell enrichment, including maternal plasma or HSA instead of fetal bovine serum (FBS) in the wash buffer, significantly increased the purity and the fold expansion of CD34+ cells. The increase in fold expansion of CD34+ cells was independent of CD34+ cell purity before expansion. With FBS, the mean fold expansion of CD34+ cells and total nucleated cells on day 7 was 9.7 +/- 5.5 and 39.7 +/- 13.7 respectively. The use of maternal plasma increased the mean fold expansion of CD34+ cells and total nucleated cells on day 7 to 28.2 +/- 6.7 and 71.5 +/- 15.4 respectively. When HSA was added to wash buffer, the mean fold expansion of CD34+ cells and total nucleated cells were 30.4 +/- 10.5 and 83.5 +/- 24.8 respectively. No statistical significance was found between using HSA and maternal plasma on total cell and CD34+ cell expansion. We propose that HSA in maternal plasma was responsible for the positive effect on CD34+ cell enrichment and expansion.

  14. Validation of a SPE HPLC-UV method for the quantification of a new ER-specific photosensitizer OR-141 in blood serum using total error concept.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bony, Emilie; Mace, Yohan; Pinto, Adán; Delvaux, David; Kiss, Robert; Riant, Olivier; Feron, Olivier; Quetin-Leclercq, Joëlle

    2017-07-15

    The aim of this work is to develop the first validated HPLC-UV method quantification in blood serum for a new endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-specific benzophenazine photosensitizer (OR-141). A fast solid phase extraction (SPE) cleaning sample procedure was achieved on C18 encapped (ec) SPE cartridges and the separation was performed on a RP-18e column (5μM) using an isocratic elution with methanol. The method has been fully validated according to accuracy profiles based on total error and tolerance intervals. Calibration was performed in the matrix and trueness (<4.25% relative bias), repeatability (<4.75% relative standard deviation (RSD)), intermediate precision (<5.37% RSD), selectivity, response function, linearity, and dilution effect were evaluated for both OR-141 regio-isomers. Afterwards the developed method was successfully applied to perform the quantitative determination of OR-141 in mouse blood serum samples in a preliminary pharmacokinetic study. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Hepatitis G virus/GBV-C in serum, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and bone marrow in patients with hematological malignancies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kisiel, Elżbieta; Cortez, Kamila Caraballo; Pawełczyk, Agnieszka; Ośko, Iwona Bukowska; Kubisa, Natalia; Laskus, Tomasz; Radkowski, Marek

    2013-10-01

    HGV/GBV-C is highly prevalent in the general population but its significance remains unclear. It is known that HGV/GBV-C is not primary hepatotropic and its replication was reported in PBMC, bone marrow and other tissues. To investigate a possible role of HGV/GBV-C 115 consecutive patients with hematological malignancies were analyzed for virus RNA presence and quasispecies composition in three compartments: serum, PBMC and bone marrow. RT-PCR was used to amplify 5'UTR HGV/GBV-C in serum, PBMC and bone marrow. Viral sequences obtained from three compartments were subjected for comparative molecular analysis performed by single strand conformational polymorphism (SSCP) and pyrosequencing. HGV/GBV-C RNA was detected in 23 out of 115 (20.0%) patients, most often in bone marrow (18 patients), followed by PBMC (11 patients) and serum (10 patients). Differences in SSCP bands distribution corresponding to different viral variants and confirmed by direct sequencing were observed in three patients. HGV/GBV-C infection is frequent in patients with hematological malignancies. Common detection of HGV/GBV-C in bone marrow supports the hypothesis that it is a major replication site of this virus. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  16. Comparison of whole body and tissue blood volumes in rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) with 125I bovine serum albumin and 51Cr-erythrocyte tracers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gingerich, W.H.; Pityer, R.A.

    1989-01-01

    Total, packed cell and, plasma volume estimates were made for the whole body and selected tissues of rainbow trout by the simultaneous injection of radiolabelled trout erythrocyte (51Cr-RBC) and radioiodinated bovine serum albumin (125I-BSA) tracers.