Sugawara construction and Casimir operators for Krichever-Novikov algebras
Schlichenmaier, M; Schlichenmaier, Martin; Sheinman, Oleg K
1995-01-01
We show how to obtain from highest weight representations of Krichever-Novikov algebras of affine type (also called higher genus affine Kac-Moody algebras) representations of centrally extended Krichever-Novikov vector field algebras via the Sugawara construction. This generalizes classical results where one obtains representations of the Virasoro algebra. Relations between the weights of the corresponding representations are given and Casimir operators are constructed. In an appendix the Sugawara construction for the multi-point situation is done.
Sugawara construction for higher genus Riemann surfaces
Schlichenmaier, Martin
1999-04-01
By the classical genus zero Sugawara construction one obtains representations of the Virasoro algebra from admissible representations of affine Lie algebras (Kac-Moody algebras of affine type). In this lecture, the classical construction is recalled first. Then, after giving a review on the global multi-point algebras of Krichever-Novikov type for compact Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus, the higher genus Sugawara construction is introduced. Finally, the lecture reports on results obtained in a joint work with O. K. Sheinman. We were able to show that also in the higher genus, multi-point situation one obtains (from representations of the global algebras of affine type) representations of a centrally extended algebra of meromorphic vector fields on Riemann surfaces. The latter algebra is a generalization of the Virasoro algebra to higher genus.
Noncommutative Sugawara construction
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ghasemkhani, M. [Shahid Beheshti University, Department of Physics, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2015-07-15
The noncommutative extension of the Sugawara construction for free massless fermionic fields in two dimensions is studied. We prove that the equivalence of the noncommutative Sugawara energy-momentum tensor and symmetric energy-momentum tensor persists in the noncommutative extension. Some relevant physical results of this equivalence are also discussed. (orig.)
AGT and the Segal-Sugawara construction
Carlsson, Erik
2017-01-01
The conjectures of Alday et al. [Lett. Math. Phys. 91, 167-197 (2010)] and their generalizations have been mathematically formulated as the existence of an action of a W-algebra on the cohomology or K-theory of the instanton moduli space, together with a Whitaker vector [A. Braverman et al., e-print arXiv:1406.2381 (2014); D. Maulik and A. Okounkov, e-print arXiv:1211.1287 (2012), pp. 1-276; O. Schiffmann and E. Vasserot, Publ. Math. Inst. Hautes Etud. Sci. 118, 213-342 (2013)]. However, the original conjectures also predict intertwining properties with the natural higher rank version of the "Ext1 operator" which was previously studied by Okounkov and the author in Carlsson and Okounkov [Duke Math. J. 161, 1797-1815 (2012)], a result which is now sometimes referred to as AGT in rank one [A. Alba et al., Lett. Math. Phys. 98, 33-64 (2011); M. Pedrini et al., J. Geom. Phys. 103, 43-89 (2016)]. Physically, this corresponds to incorporating matter in the Nekrasov partition functions, an obviously important feature in the physical theory. It is therefore of interest to study how the Ext1 operator relates to the aforementioned structures on cohomology in higher rank, and if possible to find a formulation from which the AGT conjectures follow as a corollary. In this paper, we carry out something analogous using a modified Segal-Sugawara construction for the s l ˆ 2 C structure that appears in Nekrasov and Okounkov [Prog. Math. 244, 525-596 (2006)] for general rank. This immediately implies the AGT identities when the central charge is one, a case which is of particular interest for string theorists, and because of the natural appearance of the Seiberg-Witten curve in this setup, see, for instance, Dijkgraaf and Vafa [e-print arXiv:0909.2453 (2009).] as well as Iqbal et al. [J. High Energy Phys. 2009, 69].
An N=8 Superaffine Malcev Algebra and Its N=8 Sugawara
Carrion, H L; Toppan, F
2001-01-01
A supersymmetric affinization of the algebra of octonions is introduced. It satisfies a super-Malcev property and is N=8 supersymmetric. Its Sugawara construction recovers, in a special limit, the non-associative N=8 superalgebra of Englert et al. This paper extends to supersymmetry the results obtained by Osipov in the bosonic case.
An N=8 superaffine Malcev algebra and its N=8 Sugawara
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Carrion, H.L.; Rojas, M.; Toppan, F. [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Fisicas (CBPF), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Coordenacao de Teoria de Campos e Particulas]. E-mail: lenyj@cbpf.br; mrojas@cbpf.br; toppan@cbpf.br
2001-05-01
A supersymmetric affinization of the algebra of octonions is introduced. It satisfies a super-Malcev property and is N = 8 supersymmetric. Its Sugawara construction recovers, in a special limit, the non-associate N = 8 superalgebra of Englert et al. This paper extends to supersymmetry the results obtained by Osipov in the bosonic case. (author)
Laurent Guiraud
2001-01-01
L. to r.: Masaki Hori, member of the ASACUSA collaboration, John Eades, contact person for ASACUSA, Dr. Hirotaka Sugawara, Werner Pirkl, the PS Division engineer responsible for the Radio Frequency Quadrupole decelerator in the foreground, and Kurt H bner, CERN's Director of Accelerators
Multilinear operators for higher-order decompositions.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kolda, Tamara Gibson
2006-04-01
We propose two new multilinear operators for expressing the matrix compositions that are needed in the Tucker and PARAFAC (CANDECOMP) decompositions. The first operator, which we call the Tucker operator, is shorthand for performing an n-mode matrix multiplication for every mode of a given tensor and can be employed to concisely express the Tucker decomposition. The second operator, which we call the Kruskal operator, is shorthand for the sum of the outer-products of the columns of N matrices and allows a divorce from a matricized representation and a very concise expression of the PARAFAC decomposition. We explore the properties of the Tucker and Kruskal operators independently of the related decompositions. Additionally, we provide a review of the matrix and tensor operations that are frequently used in the context of tensor decompositions.
LHC operation at higher energy and luminosity
Papotti, G
2013-01-01
The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN (Geneva) was commissioned and operated in the years 2009-2013 up to a beam energy of 4 TeV. A peak luminosity of 0.77 · 1034 cm−2s−1 was reached and an integrated luminosity of around 29 fb−1 was delivered to both ATLAS and CMS. This performance allowed the discovery of a scalar boson. The LHC is presently in a shutdown phase dedicated to consolidation and maintenance that will allow the restart of beam operation in early 2015 at an increased beam energy of 6.5 to 7TeV. Maximum acceptable pileup, effectiveness of electron-cloud scrubbing, and fast loss events are some of the issues that will shape the choice of operational parameters, cycle setup, and the commissioning strategy. The baseline choices and options for the restart after the shutdown are presented. In addition the roadmap for future performance upgrades is sketched.
Higher loop renormalization of fermion bilinear operators
Skouroupathis, A
2007-01-01
We compute the two-loop renormalization functions, in the RI' scheme, of local bilinear quark operators $\\bar\\psi\\Gamma\\psi$, where $\\Gamma$ denotes the Scalar and Pseudoscalar Dirac matrices, in the lattice formulation of QCD. We consider both the flavor non-singlet and singlet operators; the latter, in the scalar case, leads directly to the two-loop fermion mass renormalization, $Z_m$. As a prerequisite for the above, we also compute the quark field renormalization, $Z_\\psi$, up to two loops. We use the clover action for fermions and the Wilson action for gluons. Our results are given as a polynomial in $c_{SW}$, in terms of both the renormalized and bare coupling constant, in the renormalized Feynman gauge. We also confirm the 1-loop renormalization functions, for generic gauge. A longer write-up of the present work, including the conversion of our results to the MSbar scheme and a generalization to arbitrary fermion representations, can be found in arXiv:0707.2906 .
Renormalization of four-fermion operators for higher twist calculations
Capitani, S; Horsley, R; Perlt, H; Rakow, P E L; Schierholz, G; Schiller, A
1999-01-01
The evaluation of the higher twist contributions to Deep Inelastic Scattering amplitudes involves a non trivial choice of operator bases for the higher orders of the OPE expansion of the two hadronic currents. In this talk we discuss the perturbative renormalization of the four-fermion operators that appear in the above bases.
Faster Black-Box Algorithms Through Higher Arity Operators
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Doerr, Benjamin; Johannsen, Daniel; Kötzing, Timo
2011-01-01
We extend the work of Lehre and Witt (GECCO 2010) on the unbiased black-box model by considering higher arity variation operators. In particular, we show that already for binary operators the black-box complexity of LeadingOnes drops from (n2) for unary operators to O(n log n). For OneMax, the (n...
Faster Black-Box Algorithms Through Higher Arity Operators
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Doerr, Benjamin; Johannsen, Daniel; Kötzing, Timo
2011-01-01
We extend the work of Lehre and Witt (GECCO 2010) on the unbiased black-box model by considering higher arity variation operators. In particular, we show that already for binary operators the black-box complexity of LeadingOnes drops from (n2) for unary operators to O(n log n). For OneMax, the (n...
Abstract Operators and Higher-order Linear Partial Differential Equation
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
BI Guang-qing; BI Yue-kai
2011-01-01
We summarize several relevant principles for the application of abstract operators in partial differential equations,and combine abstract operators with the Laplace transform.Thus we have developed the theory of partial differential equations of abstract operators and obtained the explicit solutions of initial value problems for a class of higher-order linear partial differential equations.
Higher order self-adjoint operators with polynomial coefficients
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Hassan Azad
2017-01-01
Full Text Available We study algebraic and analytic aspects of self-adjoint operators of order four or higher with polynomial coefficients. As a consequence, a systematic way of constructing such operators is given. The procedure is applied to obtain many examples up to order 8; similar examples can be constructed for all even order operators. In particular, a complete classification of all order 4 operators is given.
Experimental Operation of SSC RF Cavities at Higher Voltage
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2001-01-01
For many years,SSC RF cavities were operated at about half of its designing voltages,which are from 100 kV at 6.5 MHz to 250 kV at 14.5 MHz respectively.But,with the construction of new project HIRFL-CSR,high intensity beams are required to be extracted from SSC.Therefore,in order to achieve this aim,SSC Dee voltages must be enhanced to higher operation level.
Adams operations on higher arithmetic K-theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Feliu, Elisenda
2010-01-01
We construct Adams operations on the rational higher arithmetic K-groups of a proper arithmetic variety. The de¿nition applies to the higher arithmetic K-groups given by Takeda as well as to the groups suggested by Deligne and Soulé, by means of the homotopy groups of the homotopy ¿ber of the reg......We construct Adams operations on the rational higher arithmetic K-groups of a proper arithmetic variety. The de¿nition applies to the higher arithmetic K-groups given by Takeda as well as to the groups suggested by Deligne and Soulé, by means of the homotopy groups of the homotopy ¿ber...... of the regulator map. They are compatible with the Adams operations on algebraic K-theory. The de¿nition relies on the chain morphism representing Adams operations in higher algebraic K-theory given previously by the author. It is shown that this chain morphism commutes strictly with the representative...
Adams operations on higher arithmetic K-theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Feliu, Elisenda
2010-01-01
We construct Adams operations on the rational higher arithmetic K-groups of a proper arithmetic variety. The de¿nition applies to the higher arithmetic K-groups given by Takeda as well as to the groups suggested by Deligne and Soulé, by means of the homotopy groups of the homotopy ¿ber of the reg......We construct Adams operations on the rational higher arithmetic K-groups of a proper arithmetic variety. The de¿nition applies to the higher arithmetic K-groups given by Takeda as well as to the groups suggested by Deligne and Soulé, by means of the homotopy groups of the homotopy ¿ber...... of the regulator map. They are compatible with the Adams operations on algebraic K-theory. The de¿nition relies on the chain morphism representing Adams operations in higher algebraic K-theory given previously by the author. It is shown that this chain morphism commutes strictly with the representative...
Formulation of Higher Education Institutional Strategy Using Operational Research Approaches
Labib, Ashraf; Read, Martin; Gladstone-Millar, Charlotte; Tonge, Richard; Smith, David
2014-01-01
In this paper a framework is proposed for the formulation of a higher education institutional (HEI) strategy. This work provides a practical example, through a case study, to demonstrate how the proposed framework can be applied to the issue of formulation of HEI strategy. The proposed hybrid model is based on two operational research…
Formulation of Higher Education Institutional Strategy Using Operational Research Approaches
Labib, Ashraf; Read, Martin; Gladstone-Millar, Charlotte; Tonge, Richard; Smith, David
2014-01-01
In this paper a framework is proposed for the formulation of a higher education institutional (HEI) strategy. This work provides a practical example, through a case study, to demonstrate how the proposed framework can be applied to the issue of formulation of HEI strategy. The proposed hybrid model is based on two operational research…
Neutrino Mass from a Higher-Dimensional Operator
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
NING Guo-Zhu; WU Yuan-Bin
2011-01-01
We calculate the neutrino mass induced at one loop in the cascade seesaw mechanism. The ratio between the two neutrino masses, which are respectively generated from an operator of mass dimension (3 + An) occurring at one loop and an operator of dimension (5 + An) at tree JeveJ, is also given. Detailed studies show that a relatively low new physics scale could accommodate the tiny neutrino mass of desired order without demanding small couplings. We also find that the ratio will reach order one when the new physics scale is higher than several TeV and n is small. In this case, the contribution to neutrino mass from higher order quantum effects becomes important and cannot be ignored.%@@ We calculate the neutrino mass induced at one loop in the cascade seesaw mechanism.The ratio between the two neutrino masses, which are respectively generated from an operator of mass dimension (3 + 4n) occurring at one loop and an operator of dimension (5 + 4n) at tree level, is also given.Detailed studies show that a relatively low new physics scale could accommodate the tiny neutrino mass of desired order without demanding small couplings.We also find that the ratio will reach order one when the new physics scale is higher than several TeV and n is small In this case, the contribution to neutrino mass from higher order quantum effects becomes important and cannot be ignored.
Higher spin black holes with soft hair
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Grumiller, Daniel [Institute for Theoretical Physics, TU Wien,Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10/136, Vienna, A-1040 (Austria); Pérez, Alfredo [Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECs),Av. Arturo Prat 514, Valdivia (Chile); Prohazka, Stefan [Institute for Theoretical Physics, TU Wien,Wiedner Hauptstrasse 8-10/136, Vienna, A-1040 (Austria); Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo [Centro de Estudios Científicos (CECs),Av. Arturo Prat 514, Valdivia (Chile)
2016-10-21
We construct a new set of boundary conditions for higher spin gravity, inspired by a recent “soft Heisenberg hair”-proposal for General Relativity on three-dimensional Anti-de Sitter space. The asymptotic symmetry algebra consists of a set of affine û(1) current algebras. Its associated canonical charges generate higher spin soft hair. We focus first on the spin-3 case and then extend some of our main results to spin-N, many of which resemble the spin-2 results: the generators of the asymptotic W{sub 3} algebra naturally emerge from composite operators of the û(1) charges through a twisted Sugawara construction; our boundary conditions ensure regularity of the Euclidean solutions space independently of the values of the charges; solutions, which we call “higher spin black flowers”, are stationary but not necessarily spherically symmetric. Finally, we derive the entropy of higher spin black flowers, and find that for the branch that is continuously connected to the BTZ black hole, it depends only on the affine purely gravitational zero modes. Using our map to W-algebra currents we recover well-known expressions for higher spin entropy. We also address higher spin black flowers in the metric formalism and achieve full consistency with previous results.
Higher-spin current multiplets in operator-product expansions
Anselmi, D
2000-01-01
Various formulas for currents with arbitrary spin are worked out in general space-time dimension, in the free field limit and, at the bare level, in presence of interactions. As the n-dimensional generalization of the (conformal) vector field, the (n/2-1)-form is used. The two-point functions and the higher-spin central charges are evaluated at one loop. As an application, the higher-spin hierarchies generated by the stress-tensor operator-product expansion are computed in supersymmetric theories. The results exhibit an interesting universality.
New Formulas for Amplitudes from Higher-Dimensional Operators
He, Song
2016-01-01
In this paper we study tree-level amplitudes from higher-dimensional operators, including $F^3$ operator of gauge theory, and $R^2$, $R^3$ operators of gravity, in the Cachazo-He-Yuan formulation. As a generalization of the reduced Pfaffian in Yang-Mills theory, we find a new, gauge-invariant object that leads to gluon amplitudes with a single insertion of $F^3$, and gravity amplitudes by Kawai-Lewellen-Tye relations. When reduced to four dimensions for given helicities, the new object vanishes for any solution of scattering equations on which the reduced Pfaffian is non-vanishing. This intriguing behavior in four dimensions explains the vanishing of graviton helicity amplitudes produced by the Gauss-Bonnet $R^2$ term, and provides a scattering-equation origin of the decomposition into self-dual and anti-self-dual parts for $F^3$ and $R^3$ amplitudes.
Sharpening the shape analysis for higher-dimensional operator searches
Fichet, Sylvain; Tonero, Alberto; Teles, Patricia Rebello
2017-08-01
When the Standard Model is interpreted as the renormalizable sector of a low-energy effective theory, the effects of new physics are encoded into a set of higher-dimensional operators. These operators potentially deform the shapes of Standard Model differential distributions of final states observable at colliders. We describe a simple and systematic method to obtain optimal estimations of these deformations when using numerical tools, like Monte Carlo simulations. A crucial aspect of this method is minimization of the estimation uncertainty: We demonstrate how the operator coefficients have to be set in the simulations in order to get optimal results. The uncertainty on the interference term turns out to be the most difficult to control and grows very quickly when the interference is suppressed. We exemplify our method by computing the deformations induced by the O3 W operator in W+W- production at the LHC, and by deriving a bound on O3 W using 8 TeV CMS data.
Higher Spin Black Holes with Soft Hair
Grumiller, Daniel; Prohazka, Stefan; Tempo, David; Troncoso, Ricardo
2016-01-01
We construct a new set of boundary conditions for higher spin gravity, inspired by a recent "soft Heisenberg hair"-proposal for General Relativity on three-dimensional Anti-de Sitter. The asymptotic symmetry algebra consists of a set of affine $\\hat u(1)$ current algebras. Its associated canonical charges generate higher spin soft hair. We focus first on the spin-3 case and then extend some of our main results to spin-$N$, many of which resemble the spin-2 results: the generators of the asymptotic $W_3$ algebra naturally emerge from composite operators of the $\\hat u(1)$ charges through a twisted Sugawara construction; our boundary conditions ensure regularity of the Euclidean solutions space independently of the values of the charges; solutions, which we call "higher spin black flowers", are stationary but not necessarily spherically symmetric. Finally, we derive the entropy of higher spin black flowers, and find that for the branch that is continuously connected to the BTZ black hole, it depends only on the...
Higher Order Mode Coupler Heating in Continuous Wave Operation
Solyak, N.; Awida, M.; Hocker, A.; Khabibobulline, T.; Lunin, A.
Electromagnetic heating due to higher order modes (HOM) propagation is particularly a concern for continuous wave (CW) particle accelerator machines. Power on the order of several watts could flow out of the cavity's HOM ports in CW operations. The upgrade of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS-II) at SLAC requires a major modification of the design of the higher order mode (HOM) antenna and feed through of the conventional ILC elliptical 9-cell cavity in order to utilize it for LCLS-II. The HOM antenna is required to bear higher RF losses, while relatively maintaining the coupling level of the higher order modes. In this paper, we present a detailed analysis of the heating expected in the HOM coupler with a thorough thermal quench study in comparison with the conventional ILC design. We discuss also how the heat will be removed from the cavity through RF cables with specially designed cooling straps. Finally, we report on the latest experimental results of cavity testing in vertical and horizontal cryostats.
Higher homotopy operations and Andr\\'{e}-Quillen cohomology
Blanc, David; Turner, James M
2011-01-01
There are two main approaches to the problem of realizing a $\\Pi$-algebra (a graded group $\\Lambda$ equipped with an action of the primary homotopy operations) as the homotopy groups of a space $X$. Both involve trying to realize an algebraic free simplicial resolution $G_\\bullet$ of $\\Lambda$ by a simplicial space $W_\\bullet$ and proceed by induction on the simplicial dimension. The first provides a sequence of Andr\\'{e}-Quillen cohomology classes in $H_{AQ}^{n+2}(\\Lambda;\\Omega^{n}\\Lambda)$ for $n \\geq 1$ as obstructions to the existence of successive Postnikov sections for $W_\\bullet$ by work of Dwyer, Kan and Stover. The second gives a sequence of geometrically defined higher homotopy operations as the obstructions by earlier work of Blanc; these were identified with the obstruction theory of Dwyer, Kan and Smith in earlier work of the current authors. There are also (algebraic and geometric) obstructions for distinguishing between different realizations of $\\Lambda$. In this paper we 1) provide an explic...
Evolution Hemivariational Inequality with Hysteresis Operator in Higher Order Term
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Leszek GASINSKI
2008-01-01
The authors study evolution hemivariational inequalities of semilinear type containing a hysteresis operator.For such problems we establish an existence result by reducing the order of the equation and then by the use of the time-discretization procedure.
Higher order statistical frequency domain decomposition for operational modal analysis
Nita, G. M.; Mahgoub, M. A.; Sharyatpanahi, S. G.; Cretu, N. C.; El-Fouly, T. M.
2017-02-01
Experimental methods based on modal analysis under ambient vibrational excitation are often employed to detect structural damages of mechanical systems. Many of such frequency domain methods, such as Basic Frequency Domain (BFD), Frequency Domain Decomposition (FFD), or Enhanced Frequency Domain Decomposition (EFFD), use as first step a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) estimate of the power spectral density (PSD) associated with the response of the system. In this study it is shown that higher order statistical estimators such as Spectral Kurtosis (SK) and Sample to Model Ratio (SMR) may be successfully employed not only to more reliably discriminate the response of the system against the ambient noise fluctuations, but also to better identify and separate contributions from closely spaced individual modes. It is shown that a SMR-based Maximum Likelihood curve fitting algorithm may improve the accuracy of the spectral shape and location of the individual modes and, when combined with the SK analysis, it provides efficient means to categorize such individual spectral components according to their temporal dynamics as coherent or incoherent system responses to unknown ambient excitations.
Towards flexible programmes in higher professional education: An operations-management approach.
Schellekens, Ad
2007-01-01
Schellekens, A. (2004). Towards flexible programmes in higher professional education: An operations-management approach. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Open University of the Netherlands, The Netherlands.
Towards flexible programmes in higher professional education: An operations-management approach.
Schellekens, Ad
2007-01-01
Schellekens, A. (2004). Towards flexible programmes in higher professional education: An operations-management approach. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Open University of the Netherlands, The Netherlands.
2, 84, 30, 993, 560, 15456, 11962, 261485, . . .: higher dimension operators in the SM EFT
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
Henning, Brian; Lu, Xiaochuan; Melia, Tom; Murayama, Hitoshi
2017-01-01
.... In the present work, we use this result to study the standard model effective field theory (SM EFT), determining the content and number of higher dimension operators up to dimension 12, for an arbitrary number of fermion generations...
Decomposition of the polynomial kernel of arbitrary higher spin Dirac operators
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Eelbode, D., E-mail: David.Eelbode@ua.ac.be [Department of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Antwerp, Campus Middelheim, G-Building, Middelheimlaan 1, 2020 Antwerpen (Belgium); Raeymaekers, T., E-mail: Tim.Raeymaekers@UGent.be [Clifford Research Group, Department of Mathematical Analysis, Ghent University, Galglaan 2, 9000 Ghent (Belgium); Van der Jeugt, J., E-mail: Joris.VanderJeugt@UGent.be [Department of Applied Mathematics, Computer Science and Statistics, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281, 9000 Ghent (Belgium)
2015-10-15
In a series of recent papers, we have introduced higher spin Dirac operators, which are generalisations of the classical Dirac operator. Whereas the latter acts on spinor-valued functions, the former acts on functions taking values in arbitrary irreducible half-integer highest weight representations for the spin group. In this paper, we describe how the polynomial kernel spaces of such operators decompose in irreducible representations of the spin group. We will hereby make use of results from representation theory.
Melnikov, Yuri B.
2016-09-01
Quadratic form approach allows for new results in the analysis of a class of integral-difference operators in finite domains: non-negativity, spectral estimations, a new property of Legendre polynomials, and establishing links with weighted mean-square deviation functionals and with infinite Jacobi matrices with not-bounded coefficients. Generalisation of integral-difference operators to higher dimensions is provided and application to matter relaxation in a field is considered. A new class of special functions naturally appears.
BOUNDEDNESS OF HIGHER ORDER COMMUTATORS OF GENERALIZED FRACTIONAL INTEGRAL OPERATORS ON HARDY SPACES
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Chunlei He; Lisheng Shu
2005-01-01
Let Tμ,b,m be the higher order commutator generated by a generalized fractional integral operator Tμ and a BMO function b. In this paper, we will study the boundedness of Tμ,b,m on classical Hardy spaces and Herz-type Hardy spaces.
Bearing fault identification by higher order energy operator fusion: A non-resonance based approach
Faghidi, H.; Liang, M.
2016-10-01
We report a non-resonance based approach to bearing fault detection. This is achieved by a higher order energy operator fusion (HOEO_F) method. In this method, multiple higher order energy operators are fused to form a single simple transform to process the bearing signal obscured by noise and vibration interferences. The fusion is guided by entropy minimization. Unlike the popular high frequency resonance technique, this method does not require the information of resonance excited by the bearing fault. The effects of the HOEO_F method on signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and signal-to-interference ratio (SIR) are illustrated in this paper. The performance of the proposed method in handling noise and interferences has been examined using both simulated and experimental data. The results indicate that the HOEO_F method outperforms both the envelope method and the original energy operator method.
Higher-Twist Contribution to Pion Structure Function 4-Fermi Operators
Capitani, S; Horsley, R; Klaus, B; Linke, V; Rakow, P E L; Schäfer, A; Schierholz, G
2000-01-01
We present quenched lattice QCD results for the contribution of higher-twist operators to the lowest non-trivial moment of the pion structure function. To be specific, we consider the combination $F_2^{\\pi^+} + F_2^{\\pi^-} - 2 F_2^{\\pi^0}$ which has $I = 2$ and receives contributions from 4-Fermi operators only. We introduce the basis of lattice operators. The renormalization of the operators is done perturbatively in the $\\bar{\\rm{MS}}$ scheme using the 't Hooft-Veltman prescription for $\\gamma_5$, taking particular care of mixing effects. The contribution is found to be of $O(f_\\pi^2/Q^2)$, relative to the leading contribution to the moment of $F_2^{\\pi^+}$.
Williams, Daniel M.; Consiglio, Maria C.; Murdoch, Jennifer L.; Adams, Catherine H.
2005-01-01
This paper provides an analysis of Flight Technical Error (FTE) from recent SATS experiments, called the Higher Volume Operations (HVO) Simulation and Flight experiments, which NASA conducted to determine pilot acceptability of the HVO concept for normal operating conditions. Reported are FTE results from simulation and flight experiment data indicating the SATS HVO concept is viable and acceptable to low-time instrument rated pilots when compared with today s system (baseline). Described is the comparative FTE analysis of lateral, vertical, and airspeed deviations from the baseline and SATS HVO experimental flight procedures. Based on FTE analysis, all evaluation subjects, low-time instrument-rated pilots, flew the HVO procedures safely and proficiently in comparison to today s system. In all cases, the results of the flight experiment validated the results of the simulation experiment and confirm the utility of the simulation platform for comparative Human in the Loop (HITL) studies of SATS HVO and Baseline operations.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
SONG Xin-Guo; FENG Xun-Li
2005-01-01
@@ We analyse further the entanglement purification protocol proposed by Feng et al. [Phys. Lett. A 271 (2000) 44] in the case of imperfect local operations and measurements. It is found that this protocol allows of higher error threshold. Compared with the standard entanglement purification proposed by Bennett et al. [Phys. Rev.Lett. 76 (1996) 722], it turns out that this protocol is remarkably robust against the influences of imperfect localoperations and measurements.
Beyond Public and Private: A Framework for Co-operative Higher Education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mike Neary
2017-07-01
Full Text Available Universities in the UK are increasingly adopting corporate governance structures, a consumerist model of teaching and learning, and have the most expensive tuition fees in the world (McGettigan, 2013; OECD, 2015. This article discusses collaborative research that aimed to develop and define a conceptual framework of knowledge production grounded in co-operative values and principles. The main findings are outlined relating to the key themes of our research: knowledge, democracy, bureaucracy, livelihood, and solidarity. We consider how these five ‘catalytic principles’ relate to three identified routes to co-operative higher education (conversion, dissolution, or creation and argue that such work must be grounded in an adequate critique of labour and property, i.e. the capital relation. We identify both the possible opportunities that the latest higher education reform in the UK affords the co-operative movement as well as the issues that arise from a more marketised and financialised approach to the production of knowledge (HEFCE, 2015. Finally, we suggest ways that the co-operative movement might respond with democratic alternatives that go beyond the distinction of public and private education.
Lin, Mengquan; Chang, Kai; Gong, Le
2016-01-01
The higher education quality evaluation and assurance frameworks and their operating mechanisms of countries such as the United Kingdom, France, and the United States show that higher education systems, traditional culture, and social background all impact quality assurance operating mechanisms. A model analysis of these higher education quality…
The Small Aircraft Transportation System (SATS), Higher Volume Operations (HVO) Concept and Research
Baxley, B.; Williams, D.; Consiglio, M.; Adams, C.; Abbott, T.
2005-01-01
The ability to conduct concurrent, multiple aircraft operations in poor weather at virtually any airport offers an important opportunity for a significant increase in the rate of flight operations, a major improvement in passenger convenience, and the potential to foster growth of operations at small airports. The Small Aircraft Transportation System, (SATS) Higher Volume Operations (HVO) concept is designed to increase capacity at the 3400 non-radar, non-towered airports in the United States where operations are currently restricted to one-in/one-out procedural separation during low visibility or ceilings. The concept s key feature is that pilots maintain their own separation from other aircraft using air-to-air datalink and on-board software within the Self-Controlled Area (SCA), an area of flight operations established during poor visibility and low ceilings around an airport without Air Traffic Control (ATC) services. While pilots self-separate within the SCA, an Airport Management Module (AMM) located at the airport assigns arriving pilots their sequence based on aircraft performance, position, winds, missed approach requirements, and ATC intent. The HVO design uses distributed decision-making, safe procedures, attempts to minimize pilot and controller workload, and integrates with today's ATC environment. The HVO procedures have pilots make their own flight path decisions when flying in Instrument Metrological Conditions (IMC) while meeting these requirements. This paper summarizes the HVO concept and procedures, presents a summary of the research conducted and results, and outlines areas where future HVO research is required. More information about SATS HVO can be found at http://ntrs.nasa.gov.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Mendes, Joao Farinha; Horta, Pedro; Carvalho, Maria Joao [INETI - Inst. Nacional de Engenharia Tecnologia e Inovacao, IP, Lisboa (Portugal); Silva, Paulo [PLASDAN - Maquinas para Plasticos, Marinha Grande (Portugal)
2008-07-01
The increasing demand for low temperature solar thermal collectors, especially for hot water production purposes in dwellings, swimming pools, hotels or industry, has lead to the possibility of high scale production, with leading manufacturers presenting yearly productions of hundreds of thousands of square meters. In such conditions, the use of polymeric materials in the manufacturing of solar collectors acquires particular interest, opening a full scope of opportunities for lower production costs, by means of cheaper materials or simpler manufacturing operations. Yet, the use of low cost materials limits the maximum operating temperatures estimated for the collectors (stagnation) to values around 120 C, easily attainable by any simple glazed solar collector. Higher performances, leading to higher stagnation temperatures as those observed for regular metal-based solar thermal collectors, would require high temperature polymers, at a much higher cost. The present paper addresses the manufacturing of a high performance solar thermal collector based in polymeric materials and includes a base thermal study, highlighting the different possibilities to be followed in the production of a polymeric collector, as well as a description of different temperature control strategies. (orig.)
On the optimal determination of differential rates in the presence of higher-dimensional operators
Fichet, Sylvain; Rebello Teles, Patricia
2017-08-03
When the Standard Model is interpreted as the renormalizable sector of a low-energy effective theory, the effects of new physics are encoded into a set of higher-dimensional operators. These operators potentially deform the shapes of Standard Model differential distributions of final states observable at colliders. We describe a simple and systematic method to obtain optimal estimations of these deformations when using numerical tools, like Monte Carlo simulations. A crucial aspect of this method is minimization of the estimation uncertainty: we demonstrate how the operator coefficients have to be set in the simulations in order to get optimal results. The uncertainty on the interference term turns out to be the most difficult to control and grows very quickly when the interference is suppressed. We exemplify our method by computing the deformations induced by the ${\\cal O}_{3W}$ operator in $W^+W^-$ production at the LHC, and by deriving a bound on ${\\cal O}_{3W}$ using 8 TeV CMS data.
The Integrity of ACSR Full Tension Single-Stage Splice Connector at Higher Operation Temperature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Wang, Jy-An John [ORNL; Lara-Curzio, Edgar [ORNL; King Jr, Thomas J [ORNL
2008-10-01
Due to increases in power demand and limited investment in new infrastructure, existing overhead power transmission lines often need to operate at temperatures higher than those used for the original design criteria. This has led to the accelerated aging and degradation of splice connectors. It is manifested by the formation of hot-spots that have been revealed by infrared imaging during inspection. The implications of connector aging is two-fold: (1) significant increases in resistivity of the splice connector (i.e., less efficient transmission of electricity) and (2) significant reductions in the connector clamping strength, which could ultimately result in separation of the power transmission line at the joint. Therefore, the splice connector appears to be the weakest link in electric power transmission lines. This report presents a protocol for integrating analytical and experimental approaches to evaluate the integrity of full tension single-stage splice connector assemblies and the associated effective lifetime at high operating temperature.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Fran(c)ois Chaplais
2006-01-01
In applications it is useful to compute the local average of a function f(u) of an input u from empirical statistics on u. A very simple relation exists when the local averages are given by a Haar approximation. The question is to know if it holds for higher order approximation methods. To do so,it is necessary to use approximate product operators defined over linear approximation spaces. These products are characterized by a Strang and Fix like condition. An explicit construction of these product operators is exhibited for piecewise polynomial functions, using Hermite interpolation. The averaging relation which holds for the Haar approximation is then recovered when the product is defined by a two point Hermite interpolation.
The operator product expansion between the 16 lowest higher spin currents in the N=4 superspace
Ahn, Changhyun; Kim, Man Hea
2016-07-01
Some of the operator product expansions (OPEs) between the lowest 16 higher spin currents of spins (1, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 3) in an extension of the large N=4 linear superconformal algebra were constructed in N=4 superconformal coset SU(5)/SU(3) theory previously. In this paper, by rewriting these OPEs in the N=4 superspace developed by Schoutens (and other groups), the remaining undetermined OPEs in which the corresponding singular terms possess the composite fields with spins s =7/2, 4, 9/2, 5 are completely determined. Furthermore, by introducing arbitrary coefficients in front of the composite fields on the right-hand sides of the above complete 136 OPEs, reexpressing them in the N=2 superspace, and using the N=2 OPEs Mathematica package by Krivonos and Thielemans, the complete structures of the above OPEs with fixed coefficient functions are obtained with the help of various Jacobi identities. We then obtain ten N=2 super OPEs between the four N=2 higher spin currents denoted by (1, 3/2, 3/2, 2), (3/2, 2, 2, 5/2), (3/2, 2, 2, 5/2), and (2, 5/2, 5/2, 3) (corresponding 136 OPEs in the component approach) in the N=4 superconformal coset SU(N+2)/SU(N) theory. Finally, we describe them as one single N=4 super OPE between the above 16 higher spin currents in the N=4 superspace. The fusion rule for this OPE contains the next 16 higher spin currents of spins of (2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 3, 7/2, 7/2, 7/2, 7/2, 4) in addition to the quadratic N=4 lowest higher spin multiplet and the large N=4 linear superconformal family of the identity operator. The various structure constants (fixed coefficient functions) appearing on the right-hand side of this OPE depend on N and the level k of the bosonic spin-1 affine Kac-Moody current. For convenience, the above 136 OPEs in the component approach for generic ( N, k) with simplified notation are given.
Key processes shaping the current role and operation of higher education institutions in society
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Piróg Danuta
2016-03-01
Full Text Available The concurrent processes of globalisation, computerisation, and integration shape and constantly modify developmental factors and generate multidirectional social changes. Among social life fields, one of them has been particularly sensitive to the impact of those processes and has remained in clear feedback relationship with them is education, including university-level education. This article aims to present some reflections on the key processes which influence the environment of higher education institutions’ activity and on what their impact specifically is. The factors taken into account include: the transformation of the political and economic system, integration with the European higher education area, the market shift of education, evolving social demands towards higher education institutions and society’s attitude towards work. As knowledge has become an asset largely affecting the quality of life of people and society, universities have changed their focus from searching for and exploring truth, good and beauty in the world towards becoming innovation centres, transferring knowledge as offering their educational services. In this article, those trends have been exemplified in relation to geography degree programmes, and shown through an evolution of the model of the university. Based on a review of the literature, it seems that the processes discussed also concern geography degree programmes, and the future operation of these programmes closely depends on whether they can maintain their care for high quality education coupled with genuine efforts to ensure the smooth transition of graduates into the labour market.
Borges, L H C; Ferrari, A F; Nascimento, J R; Petrov, A Yu
2016-01-01
We study the perturbative generation of higher-derivative operators as corrections to the photon effective action, which are originated from a Lorentz violation background. Such corrections are obtained, at one-loop order, through the proper-time method, using the zeta function regularization. We focus over the lowest order corrections and investigate their influence in the propagation of electromagnetic waves through the vacuum, in the presence of a strong, constant magnetic field. This is a setting of experimental relevance, since it bases active efforts to measure non linear electromagnetic effects. After surprising cancellations of Lorentz violating corrections to the Maxwell's equation, we show that no effects of the kind of Lorentz violation we consider can be detected in such a context.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
L.H.C. Borges
2016-05-01
Full Text Available We study the perturbative generation of higher-derivative Lorentz violating operators as quantum corrections to the photon effective action, originated from a specific Lorentz violation background, which has already been studied in connection with the physics of light pseudoscalars. We calculate the complete one loop effective action of the photon field through the proper-time method, using the zeta function regularization. This result can be used as a starting point to study possible effects of the Lorentz violating background we are considering in photon physics. As an example, we focus on the lowest order corrections and investigate whether they could influence the propagation of electromagnetic waves through the vacuum. We show, however, that no effects of the kind of Lorentz violation we consider can be detected in such a context, so that other aspects of photon physics have to be studied.
Higher powers of analytical operators and associated ∗-Lie algebras
Ettaieb, Aymen; Khalifa, Narjess Turki; Ouerdiane, Habib; Rguigui, Hafedh
2016-06-01
We introduce a new product of two test functions denoted by f□g (where f and g in the Schwartz space 𝒮(ℝ)). Based on the space of entire functions with θ-exponential growth of minimal type, we define a new family of infinite dimensional analytical operators using the holomorphic derivative and its adjoint. Using this new product f□g, such operators give us a new representation of the centerless Virasoro-Zamolodchikov-ω∞∗-Lie algebras (in particular the Witt algebra) by using analytical renormalization conditions and by taking the test function f as any Hermite function. Replacing the classical pointwise product f ṡ g of two test functions f and g by f□g, we prove the existence of new ∗-Lie algebras as counterpart of the classical powers of white noise ∗-Lie algebra, the renormalized higher powers of white noise (RHPWN) ∗-Lie algebra and the second quantized centerless Virasoro-Zamolodchikov-ω∞∗-Lie algebra.
Stabilizing the electroweak vacuum by higher dimensional operators in a Higgs-Yukawa model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Hegde, Prasad [National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (China); Jansen, Karl [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Lin, C.J. David [National Chaio Tung Univ., Hsinchu (China); Nagy, Attila [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany)
2013-11-15
The Higgs boson discovery at the LHC with a mass of approximately 126 GeV suggests, that the electroweak vacuum of the standard model may be metastable at very high energies. However, any new physics beyond the standard model can change this picture. We want to address this important question within a lattice Higgs-Yukawa model as the limit of the standard model (SM). In this framework we will probe the effect of a higher dimensional operator for which we take a ({phi}{sup {dagger}}{phi}){sup 3}-term. Such a term could easily originate as a remnant of physics beyond the SM at very large scales. As a first step we investigate the phase diagram of the model including such a ({phi}{sup {dagger}}{phi}){sup 3} operator. Exploratory results suggest the existence of regions in parameter space where first order transitions turn to second order ones, indicating the existence of a tri-critical line. We will explore the phase structure and the consequences for the stability of the SM, both analytically by investigating the constraint effective potential in lattice perturbation theory, and by studying the system non-perturbatively using lattice simulations.
Multi-Response Ergonomic Evaluation of Higher Age Group CNC Machine Operators
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Imtiaz Ali Khan
2014-08-01
Full Text Available This work contributes to research on improving performance in a human-CNC machine interface (HCMI environment. A salient contribution of this study is the use of a load cell to measure human performance. The developed novel system can measure cognitive and motor action responses simultaneously. The performance measurement system designed for this work may be used in other fields where systems are operated using control panels and for observing and evaluating the responses of mentally retarded persons (or persons with symptoms of Alzheimer‟s disease. The search time, motor action time and applied force were selected as response variables to accurately evaluate a computer numerically controlled (CNC machine operator‟s performance. Based on a Taguchi experimental design, a full factorial design consisting of 27 (33 experiments was used to collect data on human performance. The collected data were analyzed using grey relational analysis, analysis of variance (ANOVA and the F-test. ANOVA was performed using Design-Expert software. The designed research was shown to have a reasonable degree of validity via a confirmation test. This study represents an effective approach for the optimization of a higher age group operator-CNC machine interface environment with multi-performance characteristics based on a combination of the Taguchi method and grey relational analysis.
The Operator Product Expansion between the 16 Lowest Higher Spin Currents in the N=4 Superspace
Ahn, Changhyun
2015-01-01
Some of the operator product expansions (OPEs) between the lowest 16 higher spin currents of spins (1, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 3/2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 5/2, 3) in an extension of the large N=4 linear superconformal algebra were constructed in the N=4 superconformal coset SU(5)/SU(3) theory previously. In this paper, by rewriting the above OPEs in the N=4 superspace developed by Schoutens (and other groups), the remaining undetermined OPEs where the corresponding singular terms possess the composite fields with spins s =7/2, 4, 9/2, 5 are completely determined. Furthermore, by introducing the arbitrary coefficients in front of the composite fields in the right hand sides of the above complete 136 OPEs, reexpressing them in the N=2 superspace and using the N=2 OPEs mathematica package by Krivonos and Thielemans, the complete structures of the above OPEs with fixed coefficient functions are obtained with the help of various Jacobi identities. Then one obtains ten N=2 super OPEs between the four N=2 higher sp...
Higher-level fusion for military operations based on abductive inference: proof of principle
Pantaleev, Aleksandar V.; Josephson, John
2006-04-01
The ability of contemporary military commanders to estimate and understand complicated situations already suffers from information overload, and the situation can only grow worse. We describe a prototype application that uses abductive inferencing to fuse information from multiple sensors to evaluate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses that are close to the levels of abstraction needed for decision making (approximately JDL levels 2 and 3). Abductive inference (abduction, inference to the best explanation) is a pattern of reasoning that occurs naturally in diverse settings such as medical diagnosis, criminal investigations, scientific theory formation, and military intelligence analysis. Because abduction is part of common-sense reasoning, implementations of it can produce reasoning traces that are very human understandable. Automated abductive inferencing can be deployed to augment human reasoning, taking advantage of computation to process large amounts of information, and to bypass limits to human attention and short-term memory. We illustrate the workings of the prototype system by describing an example of its use for small-unit military operations in an urban setting. Knowledge was encoded as it might be captured prior to engagement from a standard military decision making process (MDMP) and analysis of commander's priority intelligence requirements (PIR). The system is able to reasonably estimate the evidence for higher-level hypotheses based on information from multiple sensors. Its inference processes can be examined closely to verify correctness. Decision makers can override conclusions at any level and changes will propagate appropriately.
Higher-spin flat space cosmologies with soft hair
Ammon, Martin; Grumiller, Daniel; Prohazka, Stefan; Riegler, Max; Wutte, Raphaela
2017-05-01
We present and discuss near horizon boundary conditions for flat space higher-spin gravity in three dimensions. As in related work our boundary conditions ensure regularity of the solutions independently of the charges. The asymptotic symmetry algebra is given by a set of \\widehat{u}(1) current algebras. The associated charges generate higher-spin soft hair. We derive the entropy for solutions that are continuously connected to flat space cosmologies and find the same result as in the spin-2 case: the entropy is linear in the spin-2 zero-mode charges and independent from the spin-3 charges. Using twisted Sugawara-like constructions of higher-spin currents we show that our simple result for entropy of higherspin flat space cosmologies coincides precisely with the complicated earlier results expressed in terms of higher-spin zero mode charges.
State/Operator Correspondence in Higher-Spin dS/CFT
Ng, Gim Seng
2012-01-01
A recently conjectured microscopic realization of the dS$_4$/CFT$_3$ correspondence relating Vasiliev's higher-spin gravity on dS$_4$ to a Euclidean $Sp(N)$ CFT$_3$ is used to illuminate some previously inaccessible aspects of the dS/CFT dictionary. In particular it is argued that states of the boundary CFT$_3$ on $S^2$ are holographically dual to bulk states on geodesically complete, spacelike $R^3$ slices which terminate on an $S^2$ at future infinity. The dictionary is described in detail for the case of free scalar excitations. The ground states of the free or critical $Sp(N)$ model are dual to dS-invariant plane-wave type vacua, while the bulk Euclidean vacuum is dual to a certain mixed state in the CFT$_3$. CFT$_3$ states created by operator insertions are found to be dual to (anti) quasinormal modes in the bulk. A norm is defined on the $R^3$ bulk Hilbert space and shown for the scalar case to be equivalent to both the Zamolodchikov and pseudounitary C-norm of the $Sp(N)$ CFT$_3$.
A Global Operator Approach to Wess-Zumino-Novikov-Witten models
Schlichenmaier, Martin
2007-11-01
We present a global operator approach to Wess-Zumino-Novikov models for compact Riemann surfaces of arbitrary genus g with N marked points. The approach is based on the multipoint Krichever-Novikov algebras of global meromorphic functions and vector fields, and the global algebras of affine type and their representations. Using the global Sugawara construction and the identification of a certain subspace of the vector field algebra with the tangent space to the moduli space of the geometric data, the Knizhnik-Zamalodchikov connection is defined. For fermionic representations it defines a projectively flat connection on the vector bundle of conformal blocks. The presented work is joint work with Oleg Sheinman.
Optimizing the CEBAF Injector for Beam Operation with a Higher Voltage Electron Gun
Hannon, F E; Kazimi, R
2011-01-01
Recent developments in the DC gun technology used at CEBAF have allowed an increase in operational voltage from 100kV to 130kV. In the near future this will be extended further to 200kV with the purchase of a new power supply. The injector components and layout at this time have been designed specifically for 100kV operation. It is anticipated that with an increase in gun voltage and optimization of the layout and components for 200kV operation, that the electron bunch length and beam brightness can be improved upon. This paper explores some upgrade possibilities for a 200kV gun CEBAF injector through beam dynamic simulations.
A Formally Specified Type System and Operational Semantics for Higher-Order Procedural Variables
Crolard, Tristan
2009-01-01
We formally specified the type system and operational semantics of LOOPw with Ott and Isabelle/HOL proof assistant. Moreover, both the type system and the semantics of LOOPw have been tested using Isabelle/HOL program extraction facility for inductively defined relations. In particular, the program that computes the Ackermann function type checks and behaves as expected. The main difference (apart from the choice of an Ada-like concrete syntax) with LOOPw comes from the treatment of parameter passing. Indeed, since Ott does not currently fully support alpha-conversion, we rephrased the operational semantics with explicit aliasing in order to implement the out parameter passing mode.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Abdel-Ouahab Boudraa
2005-10-01
Full Text Available In white-light interference microscopy, measurement of surface shape generally requires peak extraction of the fringe function envelope. In this paper the Teager-Kaiser energy and higher-order energy operators are proposed for efficient extraction of the fringe envelope. These energy operators are compared in terms of precision, robustness to noise, and subsampling. Flexible energy operators, depending on order and lag parameters, can be obtained. Results show that smoothing and interpolation of envelope approximation using spline model performs better than Gaussian-based approach.
Are operating room nurses at higher risk of severe persistent asthma? The Nurses' Health Study.
Moual, N. le; Varraso, R.; Zock, J.P.; Henneberger, P.; Speizer, F.E.; Kauffmann, F.; Camargo, C.A.
2013-01-01
Objective: To assess the associations between operating room (OR) nursing, a category of health care workers at high risk of exposure to various inhaled agents, and asthma severity/control among women with asthma. Methods: The level of severity/control in nurses with prevalent doctor-diagnosed asthm
The Upper Bounds of Arbitrary Eigenvalues for Uniformly Elliptic Operators with Higher Orders
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Gao Jia; Xiao-ping Yang
2006-01-01
Let Ω(∪)Rm (m≥2) be a bounded domain with piecewise smooth and Lipschitz boundary (e)Ω. Let t and r be two nonnegative integers with t ≥ r + 1. In this paper, we consider the variable-coefficient eigenvalue problems with uniformly elliptic differential operators on the left-hand side and (-△)r on the right-hand side.Some upper bounds of the arbitrary eigenvalue are obtained, and several known results are generalized.
Automatic recognition of vector and parallel operations in a higher level language
Schneck, P. B.
1971-01-01
A compiler for recognizing statements of a FORTRAN program which are suited for fast execution on a parallel or pipeline machine such as Illiac-4, Star or ASC is described. The technique employs interval analysis to provide flow information to the vector/parallel recognizer. Where profitable the compiler changes scalar variables to subscripted variables. The output of the compiler is an extension to FORTRAN which shows parallel and vector operations explicitly.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
El-Nabulsi Rami Ahmad
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Starting with an extended complex backwardforward derivative operator in differential geometry which is motivated from non-local-in-time Lagrangian dynamics, higher-order geodesic equations are obtained within classical differential geometrical settings. We limit our analysis up to the 2nd-order derivative where some applications are discussed and a number of features are revealed accordingly.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Subhashini,
2014-06-01
Full Text Available To achieve the most energy-efficient operation, this brief presents a circuit design technique for separating the power supply voltage (VDD of flip-flops (FFs from that of combinational circuits, called the higher voltage FF (HVFF. Although VDD scaling can reduce the energy, the minimum operating voltage (VDDmin of FFs prevents the operation at the optimum supply voltage that minimizes the energy, because the VDDmin of FFs is higher than the optimum supply voltage. In HVFF, the VDD of combinational logic gates is reduced below the VDDmin of FFs while keeping the VDD of FFs at their VDDmin. This makes it possible to minimize the energy without power and delay penalties at the nominal supply voltage (1.2 V as well as without FF topological difications. A four bit alu is designed in these paper by using dual supply voltage usig DSCH.
Utah System of Higher Education Data Book (Supplement to Operating Budget Request) 1998-99.
Utah State Board of Higher Education, Salt Lake City.
This report provides detailed statistical data on the Utah System of Higher Education (USHE), including institution-specific data on the system's four universities and five community colleges. The institutions include the University of Utah, Utah State University, Weber State University, Southern Utah University, Snow College, Dixie College,…
Utah System of Higher Education Data Book (Supplement to Operating Budget Request) 1997-98.
Utah State Board of Higher Education, Salt Lake City.
This report provides detailed statistical data on the Utah System of Higher Education (USHE), including institution-specific data on the system's four universities and five community colleges. The institutions include the University of Utah, Utah State University, Weber State University, Southern Utah University, Snow College, Dixie College,…
Guide for Developing High-Quality Emergency Operations Plans for Institutions of Higher Education
Office of Safe and Healthy Students, US Department of Education, 2013
2013-01-01
Our nation's postsecondary institutions are entrusted to provide a safe and healthy learning environment for students, faculty, and staff who live, work, and study on campus. Many of these emergencies occur with little to no warning; therefore, it is critical for institutions of higher education (IHEs) to plan ahead to help ensure the safety and…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Stefan Ewert
2011-12-01
Full Text Available While the Baltic Sea Region is considered to be a pioneer region in the development of regional integration and identity, the Black Sea Region is regarded to be a laggard in terms of regionali¬zation and region building. My paper summarizes the role of regional higher education co-operation in the Baltic Sea regionalization process in theory and analyzes the empirical background of these assumptions. Yet, inasmuch an evaluation of the regions` status as a pioneer is possible only in a comparative perspective, I propose to compare the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea Region regarding their higher education networks systematically. My paper asks for the transferability of arguments in favor of a strong regional higher education co-operation in the Baltic Sea Region since the 1990s to today’s situation of the Black Sea Region. It concludes with some fundamental considerations on a comparative research project.
Large dynamic range operation of ultra-higher number MWFLs affected by MZI-SI
Narimah Aziz, Siti; Arsad, Norhana; Ashrif Abu Bakar, Ahmad; Sushita Menon, P.; Shaari, Sahbudin
2016-11-01
This report presents a large dynamic operation of wavelength numbers of laser lines that have been periodically filtered using an MZI-SI filter effect. A 70 nm span range for a wider periodic comb filter with 0.60 nm wavelength spacing was achieved through an advanced triple-loop ring-cavity fiber laser with a combination of MZI-SI. Almost all of the best 95 numbers of wavelengths are flattened at 6 dB of peak power fluctuation in a 52 nm range. By adjusting the rotation angles of a polarization controller (PC), the ultra-wide range multiwavelength spectrum has been shifted by 36 nm in a range from 1522.8-1558.6 nm.
Higher Symmetries of the Schr\\"odinger Operator in Newton-Cartan Geometry
Gundry, James
2016-01-01
We establish several relationships between the non-relativistic conformal symmetries of Newton-Cartan geometry and the Schr\\"odinger equation. In particular we discuss the algebra $\\mathfrak{sch}(d)$ of vector fields conformally-preserving a flat Newton-Cartan spacetime, and we prove that its curved generalisation generates the symmetry group of the covariant Schr\\"odinger equation coupled to a Newtonian potential and generalised Coriolis force. We provide intrinsic Newton-Cartan definitions of Killing tensors and conformal Schr\\"odinger-Killing tensors, and we discuss their respective links to conserved quantities and to the higher symmetries of the Schr\\"odinger equation. Finally we consider the role of conformal symmetries in Newtonian twistor theory, where the infinite-dimensional algebra of holomorphic vector fields on twistor space corresponds to the symmetry algebra $\\mathfrak{cnc}(3)$ on the Newton-Cartan spacetime.
Higher symmetries of the Schrödinger operator in Newton-Cartan geometry
Gundry, James
2017-03-01
We establish several relationships between the non-relativistic conformal symmetries of Newton-Cartan geometry and the Schrödinger equation. In particular we discuss the algebra sch(d) of vector fields conformally-preserving a flat Newton-Cartan spacetime, and we prove that its curved generalisation generates the symmetry group of the covariant Schrödinger equation coupled to a Newtonian potential and generalised Coriolis force. We provide intrinsic Newton-Cartan definitions of Killing tensors and conformal Schrödinger-Killing tensors, and we discuss their respective links to conserved quantities and to the higher symmetries of the Schrödinger equation. Finally we consider the role of conformal symmetries in Newtonian twistor theory, where the infinite-dimensional algebra of holomorphic vector fields on twistor space corresponds to the symmetry algebra cnc(3) on the Newton-Cartan spacetime.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mayanglambam Suheshkumar Singh
2016-02-01
Full Text Available We report our study that shows selection in operating frequency of US-transducer used for boundary detection of PA-signals, which result due to the contrast in elastic property distribution ( E ( r → in sample material other than that of optical absorption coefficient (μa. Studies were carried out, experimentally, in tissue-mimicking Agar phantoms employing acoustic resolution photoacoustic microscopy (AR-PAM system as an imaging unit. In the experiments, various transducers having different operating frequencies, ranging from 1MHz to 50MHz, were employed for studying frequency response of the photoacoustic signals. The study shows that, for detecting photoacoustic signals due to the contrast in elastic property, ultrasound transducer with higher operating frequency (∼50MHz is demanded.
Nada, Masahiro; Hoshi, Takuya; Yamazaki, Hiroshi; Hashimoto, Toshikazu; Matsuzaki, Hideaki
2015-10-19
We present an avalanche photodiode (APD) with high-speed, high-responsivity and high-linearity operation to cope with higher order modulation format, such as pulse-amplitude modulation (PAM). A hybrid absorber configuration with thin depleted region which we newly employed successfully eliminates the space charge effect in the APD while maintaining high responsivity and operating speed. The fabricated APD shows an improved optical-input-electrical-output linearity for an optical input power over -8 dBm, and an optical receiver with this APD achieves both an error-free operation with a KP4 FEC and a high sensitivity of -17 dBm against a 28-Gbaud PAM4 signal.
Figgemeier, H.; Hanna, S.; Eich, D.; Mahlein, K.-M.; Fick, W.; Schirmacher, W.; Thöt, R.
2016-05-01
In this paper AIM presents its latest results on both n-on-p and p-on-n low dark current planar MCT photodiode technology LWIR and VLWIR two-dimensional focal plane detector arrays with a cut-off wavelength >11μm at 80K and a 640x512 pixel format at a 20μm pitch. Thermal dark currents significantly reduced as compared to `Tennant's Rule 07' at a yet good detection efficiency >60% as well as results from NETD and photo response performance characterization are presented. The demonstrated detector performance paces the way for a new generation of higher operating temperature LWIR MCT FPAs with a <30mK NETD up to a 110K detector operating temperature and with good operability.
Kiryakova, Virginia S.
2012-11-01
The Laplace Transform (LT) serves as a basis of the Operational Calculus (OC), widely explored by engineers and applied scientists in solving mathematical models for their practical needs. This transform is closely related to the exponential and trigonometric functions (exp, cos, sin) and to the classical differentiation and integration operators, reducing them to simple algebraic operations. Thus, the classical LT and the OC give useful tool to handle differential equations and systems with constant coefficients. Several generalizations of the LT have been introduced to allow solving, in a similar way, of differential equations with variable coefficients and of higher integer orders, as well as of fractional (arbitrary non-integer) orders. Note that fractional order mathematical models are recently widely used to describe better various systems and phenomena of the real world. This paper surveys briefly some of our results on classes of such integral transforms, that can be obtained from the LT by means of "transmutations" which are operators of the generalized fractional calculus (GFC). On the list of these Laplace-type integral transforms, we consider the Borel-Dzrbashjan, Meijer, Krätzel, Obrechkoff, generalized Obrechkoff (multi-index Borel-Dzrbashjan) transforms, etc. All of them are G- and H-integral transforms of convolutional type, having as kernels Meijer's G- or Fox's H-functions. Besides, some special functions (also being G- and H-functions), among them - the generalized Bessel-type and Mittag-Leffler (M-L) type functions, are generating Gel'fond-Leontiev (G-L) operators of generalized differentiation and integration, which happen to be also operators of GFC. Our integral transforms have operational properties analogous to those of the LT - they do algebrize the G-L generalized integrations and differentiations, and thus can serve for solving wide classes of differential equations with variable coefficients of arbitrary, including non-integer order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Penedo, M., E-mail: mapenedo@imm.cnm.csic.es; Hormeño, S.; Fernández-Martínez, I.; Luna, M.; Briones, F. [IMM-Instituto de Microelectrónica de Madrid (CNM-CSIC), Isaac Newton 8, PTM, E-28760 Tres Cantos, Madrid (Spain); Raman, A. [Birck Nanotechnology Center and School of Mechanical Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47904 (United States)
2014-10-27
Recent developments in dynamic Atomic Force Microscopy where several eigenmodes are simultaneously excited in liquid media are proving to be an excellent tool in biological studies. Despite its relevance, the search for a reliable, efficient, and strong cantilever excitation method is still in progress. Herein, we present a theoretical modeling and experimental results of different actuation methods compatible with the operation of Atomic Force Microscopy in liquid environments: ideal acoustic, homogeneously distributed force, distributed applied torque (MAC Mode™), photothermal and magnetostrictive excitation. From the analysis of the results, it can be concluded that magnetostriction is the strongest and most efficient technique for higher eigenmode excitation when using soft cantilevers in liquid media.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. Mahesh Kumar
2014-08-01
Full Text Available In our nation the usage of electricity is increasing day-by-day. According to that conserdations, the generated power from the non-renewable sources will not satisfy the demands properly. so for these purpose, by using multiple renewable sources, it will be very useful to some type of dc applications. The power produced from the individual renewable sources will not be satisfy the demand at all times. So by integration of a multiple renewable sources such as wind and solar a huge amount of power will be produced. These power will be coordinated to the ac grid or directly to dc consumers. For integration of renewable sources an aggregated model has to be proposed. In according to these operation BESS (battery energy storage systemis equipped with the system for maintaining the power balance. For obtaining the power balance the adaptive droop control technique has to be proposed and droop curves are evaluated. The droop characteristics are selected on the basis of the deviation between the optimized and real-time SOC of the BESS. In these paper, the operational analysis can be performed when real time soc is higher than the optimised soc and droop curves are plotted. Operational controls with in the micro grid [such as cost have to be optimized at the same time it will satisfy the demand] are designed to support the integration of wind and solar power. By these process micro grid real time supply and demand will be maintain in symmetry. The simulation results are to be developed in MATLAB SIMULINK process for renewable power generation and fast charging load connected to the dc bus, droop control based responses.
Reza, S. M. Mohsin
Design options have been evaluated for the Modular Helium Reactor (MHR) for higher temperature operation. An alternative configuration for the MHR coolant inlet flow path is developed to reduce the peak vessel temperature (PVT). The coolant inlet path is shifted from the annular path between reactor core barrel and vessel wall through the permanent side reflector (PSR). The number and dimensions of coolant holes are varied to optimize the pressure drop, the inlet velocity, and the percentage of graphite removed from the PSR to create this inlet path. With the removal of ˜10% of the graphite from PSR the PVT is reduced from 541°C to 421°C. A new design for the graphite block core has been evaluated and optimized to reduce the inlet coolant temperature with the aim of further reduction of PVT. The dimensions and number of fuel rods and coolant holes, and the triangular pitch have been changed and optimized. Different packing fractions for the new core design have been used to conserve the number of fuel particles. Thermal properties for the fuel elements are calculated and incorporated into these analyses. The inlet temperature, mass flow and bypass flow are optimized to limit the peak fuel temperature (PFT) within an acceptable range. Using both of these modifications together, the PVT is reduced to ˜350°C while keeping the outlet temperature at 950°C and maintaining the PFT within acceptable limits. The vessel and fuel temperatures during low pressure conduction cooldown and high pressure conduction cooldown transients are found to be well below the design limits. The reliability and availability studies for coupled nuclear hydrogen production processes based on the sulfur iodine thermochemical process and high temperature electrolysis process have been accomplished. The fault tree models for both these processes are developed. Using information obtained on system configuration, component failure probability, component repair time and system operating modes
Vessuri, Hebe
1993-01-01
Discussion of international cooperation for the advancement of higher education, science, and technology looks at the areas in which European and Latin American interests converge. Issues examined include concerns about expansion of higher education, institutional systems and privatization, the labor market, fiscal capacity for change, research…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Vagif GULIYEV; Ali AKBULUT; Yagub MAMMADOV
2013-01-01
In the article we consider the fractional maximal operator Mα, 0≤α operator Mb,α,k from Mp,ϕ1 (G) to Mq,ϕ2 (G) with 1/p−1/q=α/Q. Also find the suﬃcient conditions on theϕwhich ensures the boundedness of the operator Mb,α,k from Mp,ϕ1p (G) to Mq,ϕ1q (G) for 1 operator −∆G+V on G, where the nonnegative potential V belongs to the reverse H¨older class B∞(G). The Mp,ϕ1−Mq,ϕ2 estimates for the operators Vγ(−∆G+V )−β and Vγ∇G(−∆G+V )−β are obtained.operator Mα from one generalized Morrey space Mp,ϕ1 (G) to another Mq,ϕ2 (G), 1 < p ≤ q < ∞, 1/p−1/q = α/Q, and from the space M1,ϕ1 (G) to the weak space W Mq,ϕ2 (G), 1 ≤ q < ∞, 1−1/q = α/Q. Also find conditions on theϕwhich ensure the Adams type boundedness of the Mαfrom Mp,ϕ1p (G) to Mq,ϕ1q (G) for 1
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
LUO Xiao-hua; WU Mu-ying; HE Wei; SHAO Ming-zhu; LUO Shi-yu
2011-01-01
Under classical mechanics, the general equation of particle motion in the periodic field is derived. In the dampless case, the existence possibility of the higher-order harmonic radiation is explored by using Bessel function expansion of a generalized trigonometrical function and the multi-scale method. In the damping case, the critical properties and a chaotic behavior are discussed by the Melnikov method. The results show that the use of a higher-order harmonic radiation of non-relativistic particles as a short-wavelength laser source is perfectly possible, and the system's critical condition is related to its parameters. Only by adjusting parameters suitablely, the stable higher-order harmonic radiation with bigger intensity can be obtained.
Bridge, Freda; Fisher, Roy; Webb, Keith
2003-01-01
The Consortium for Post-Compulsory Education and Training (CPCET) is a single subject consortium of further education and higher education providers of professional development relating to in-service teacher training for the whole of the post-compulsory sector. Involving more than 30 partners spread across the North of England, CPCET evolved from…
Selvaratnam, Viswanathan
1988-01-01
Third World adoption of the Western university and the accompanying Eurocentric system of information flow is criticized as sometimes being counterproductive and alien to developing nations. The potential for a self-reliant, interdependent higher education system among Third World countries is discussed. (MSE)
Lin, Ying-Tsong; Collis, Jon M; Duda, Timothy F
2012-11-01
An alternating direction implicit (ADI) three-dimensional fluid parabolic equation solution method with enhanced accuracy is presented. The method uses a square-root Helmholtz operator splitting algorithm that retains cross-multiplied operator terms that have been previously neglected. With these higher-order cross terms, the valid angular range of the parabolic equation solution is improved. The method is tested for accuracy against an image solution in an idealized wedge problem. Computational efficiency improvements resulting from the ADI discretization are also discussed.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Darius Zizys
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The piezoelectric transduction mechanism is a common vibration-to-electric energy harvesting approach. Piezoelectric energy harvesters are typically mounted on a vibrating host structure, whereby alternating voltage output is generated by a dynamic strain field. A design target in this case is to match the natural frequency of the harvester to the ambient excitation frequency for the device to operate in resonance mode, thus significantly increasing vibration amplitudes and, as a result, energy output. Other fundamental vibration modes have strain nodes, where the dynamic strain field changes sign in the direction of the cantilever length. The paper reports on a dimensionless numerical transient analysis of a cantilever of a constant cross-section and an optimally-shaped cantilever with the objective to accurately predict the position of a strain node. Total effective strain produced by both cantilevers segmented at the strain node is calculated via transient analysis and compared to the strain output produced by the cantilevers segmented at strain nodes obtained from modal analysis, demonstrating a 7% increase in energy output. Theoretical results were experimentally verified by using open-circuit voltage values measured for the cantilevers segmented at optimal and suboptimal segmentation lines.
Zizys, Darius; Gaidys, Rimvydas; Dauksevicius, Rolanas; Ostasevicius, Vytautas; Daniulaitis, Vytautas
2015-12-23
The piezoelectric transduction mechanism is a common vibration-to-electric energy harvesting approach. Piezoelectric energy harvesters are typically mounted on a vibrating host structure, whereby alternating voltage output is generated by a dynamic strain field. A design target in this case is to match the natural frequency of the harvester to the ambient excitation frequency for the device to operate in resonance mode, thus significantly increasing vibration amplitudes and, as a result, energy output. Other fundamental vibration modes have strain nodes, where the dynamic strain field changes sign in the direction of the cantilever length. The paper reports on a dimensionless numerical transient analysis of a cantilever of a constant cross-section and an optimally-shaped cantilever with the objective to accurately predict the position of a strain node. Total effective strain produced by both cantilevers segmented at the strain node is calculated via transient analysis and compared to the strain output produced by the cantilevers segmented at strain nodes obtained from modal analysis, demonstrating a 7% increase in energy output. Theoretical results were experimentally verified by using open-circuit voltage values measured for the cantilevers segmented at optimal and suboptimal segmentation lines.
Wang, Yuxia; Xu, Ye; Chen, Jiuan; Ouyang, Tao; Li, Jinfeng; Wang, Tianfeng; Fan, Zhaoqing; Fan, Tie; Lin, Benyao; Xie, Yuntao
2016-01-15
The role of TP53 mutations in predicting response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in breast cancer remains controversial. The aims of this study were to investigate whether TP53 mutations were associated with response and survival in breast cancer patients who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Therefore, we identified TP53 mutations in the core-needle biopsy tumor samples obtained before the neoadjuvant chemotherapy from 351 operable primary breast cancer patients who either received anthracycline/cyclophosphamide-based (n = 252) or paclitaxel (n = 99) neoadjuvant chemotherapy. We found that 41.0% (144 of 351) of patients harbored TP53 mutations, and 14.8% of patients achieved a pCR (pathologic complete response) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Among patients treated with anthracycline/cyclophosphamide (n = 252), patients with TP53 mutations had a significantly higher pCR rate than those with wild-type (28.6 vs.7.1%; p TP53 mutation was an independent favorable predictor of pCR [odds ratio (OR) = 3.41; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.50-7.77; p = 0.003] in this group; moreover, patients with TP53 mutation had a better distant recurrence-free survival (DRFS) than those with wild-type [unadjusted hazard ratio (HR) = 0.43; 95% CI 0.20-0.94; p = 0.030] in this group. Among patients treated with paclitaxel (n = 99), no significant difference in pCR rates was observed between patients with or without TP53 mutations (15.2 vs. 11.3%; p = 0.57). Our results suggested that patients with TP53 mutations are more likely to respond to anthracycline/ cyclophosphamide-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy and have a favorable survival.
Monen, L; Pop, V.J.M.; Hasaart, T H; Wijnen, H; Oei, S G; Kuppens, S M
2015-01-01
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of operative deliveries is a topic of major concern in modern obstetrics. Maternal thyroid function is of known influence on many obstetric parameters. Our objective was to investigate a possible relation between maternal thyroid function, and operative deliveries.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈汉平
2012-01-01
工学结合、校企合作是高职院校人才培养的根本途径,但在目前高职院校的校企合作中,还存在着深层次合作少、校企合作管理协调性差、校企合作冷热不均等问题。本文通过分析校企合作难以深入的原因,提出了构建＂四位一体五对接＂的校企合作育人机制的设想。%The combination of learning with working and cooperating between school and enterprise is the basic way of training high skilled talents in higher vocational colleges,which has been the consensus among various higher vocational colleges and educators.However,cooperation between higher vocational colleges and enterprises has some problems.For example,the cooperation is lack of deep collaboration,the management for the school-enterprise cooperation has not well enough coordination,and the collaboration sometimes is not in balance.Through the analysis of the reasons for difficulty in deepening cooperation,this article presented the personnel training system of school-enterprise cooperation which called "the 'Four in One' and 'Five Agreements' of educating people in projects".
Yadav, Sarita; Ghosh, Subhasis
2016-04-27
We report that the pervoskite material, strontium titanate (STO) can be used as a gate dielectric layer of flexible and low voltage organic field effect transistor (OFET). The crystallinity, dielectric constant, and surface morphology of STO films can be controlled by the engineering of the growth condition. Under optimized growth condition, amorphous films of STO show a much better gate dielectric compared to other gate dielectrics used to date, with very small leakage current density for flexible and low voltage (transistors with amorphous STO gate dielectric show high mobility of 2 cm(2)/(V s), on/off ratio of 10(6), subthreshold swing of 0.3 V/dec and low interface trap density. Similarly excellent performance has been obtained in copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) based OFETs with on/off ratio ∼10(5) and carrier mobility ∼5.9 × 10(-2) cm(2)/(V s). Moreover, the operating voltage (∼5 V) has been reduced by more than one order of magnitude. It has been demonstrated that the low processing temperature of amorphous STO makes it the most suitable gate dielectric for flexible and transparent organic devices to operate under low voltage.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
彭联勇; 王建军
2011-01-01
本文利用加权Ditzian-Totik光滑模证明Bernstein型算子的线性组合加权逼近阶估计和等价定理；同时,研究加Jacobi权下Benstein型算子的高阶导数与所逼近函数光滑性之间的关系.%Using the Ditzian-Totik moduli of smoothness equivalent approximation theorem with Jacobi weight for combinations of Bernstein operators is established in the paper. And the relation between higher derivatives of the operators and the smoothness of functions to be approximated is also obtained in the paper.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
2013-01-01
随着当前能源需求量的急速增长以及对环保要求的不断增强，造纸厂已经将安全和环保问题纳入到方针和行动的各个方面，如造纸厂着力于探索一些能够增强碱炉安全、环保、高效、高开机率的全局性改善措施。探索实践的内容如：熔融物抽取系统、自动清理风口系统、利用安全检修平台进行检修、有味气体的处理和焚烧、先进的工艺控制、先进的安全联锁等都在本文中有相关介绍。%As China economy accelerates, so does the quest for energy to keep its growth humming. The contemporary industrial challenges, including booming demand for energy, heightened scrutiny of the environmental effects, and intensified business competition, are putting greater pressure on energy-intensive industries such as pulp & paper industry, to meet the unprecedented challenges of the new age. Paper enterprises are putting forth to research the improving measures to keep alkali recovery boiler operate safely, environmentally, efficiently and high availably. Systems and practices such as bed smelt extraction system, auto-air-port rodding, usage of safety platform for maintenance, odor gas handling & incineration, advanced process control and advanced safety interlocks are addressed in the paper.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
魏晓栋
2011-01-01
The development process of Chinese Higher Education Foundation for 20 years have encountered many obstacles, mainly due to its internal and external regulation is not perfect. The article analysed deeply the legal issues faced by Chinese Higher Education Foundation during the actual operation, firstly, the defects of the macro-legal system of higher education foundation. ＂dual management structure＂ limits the development of Chinese Higher Education Foundation, Chinese Higher Education Foundation being the conflicting contradictions in the administrative subordination and legal equality, lack of internal and external oversight mechanisms; secondly, the defects of the legal system in the investment operation of Chinese Higher Education Foundation： lack of relevant laws for increasing the value of the fundation, the problems of public expenditure and operational costs of foundation, the problems beared in the investment risk, the fulfillment of the donation agreement; finally, a brief proposed some specific proposals.%中国高校教育基金会在20多年的发展过程中遇到了很多阻碍，主要原因是由于其内外部规制的不健全。文章通过深入分析中国高校教育基金会在实际运作中面临的法律问题，一是，高校教育基金会宏观法律制度缺陷：“双重管理体制”限制发展、基金会存在行政隶属和法律地位平等相互冲突的矛盾、内外部监督机制缺失；二是，高校教育基金会投资运作中的法律制度缺陷：基金保值增值相关法律不足、基金会的公益支出和运作成本问题、投资风险承担的问题、捐赠协议的履行。最后简要提出针对性的建议。
Operators and higher genus mirror curves
Codesido, Santiago; Gu, Jie; Mariño, Marcos
2017-02-01
We perform further tests of the correspondence between spectral theory and topological strings, focusing on mirror curves of genus greater than one with nontrivial mass parameters. In particular, we analyze the geometry relevant to the SU(3) relativistic Toda lattice, and the resolved C{^3}/Z_6 orbifold. Furthermore, we give evidence that the correspondence holds for arbitrary values of the mass parameters, where the quantization problem leads to resonant states. We also explore the relation between this correspondence and cluster integrable systems.
Operators and higher genus mirror curves
Codesido, Santiago; Marino, Marcos
2016-01-01
We perform further tests of the correspondence between spectral theory and topological strings, focusing on mirror curves of genus greater than one with nontrivial mass parameters. In particular, we analyze the geometry relevant to the SU(3) relativistic Toda lattice, and the resolved C^3/Z_6 orbifold. Furthermore, we give evidence that the correspondence holds for arbitrary values of the mass parameters, where the quantization problem leads to resonant states. We also explore the relation between this correspondence and cluster integrable systems.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈坚
2014-01-01
With the continuous development of higher vocational colleges, the number of Chinese-foreign cooperative education projects is increasing, and how to create, operate and manage brands has become the core content of Chinese-foreign coopera-tive education in higher vocational colleges. This paper briefly e-laborated the significance of establishing Chinese-foreign coop-erative education projects, analyzed several key points which should be paid attention to in brand creation, and proposed sev-eral suggestions, aiming to promote the better development of Chinese-foreign cooperative education projects in higher voca-tional colleges.%随着高职院校的不断发展，中外合作办学项目日益增加，如何创建品牌、经营管理品牌成为高职院校中外合作办学的核心内容。本文简单阐述了打造中外合作办学项目的意义，分析了品牌创建需要注意的几个重点，并在此基础上对品牌经营管理提出几点建议，旨在促进高职院校中外合作办学项目更好地发展。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王进
2012-01-01
随着经济的全球化,高等教育也开始了全球化,高职院校中外合作办学逐渐兴起。以大连职业技术学院与澳大利亚霍姆斯格兰政府理工学院合作办学实践为例,结合其他高职院校合作办学经验,在剖析当前我国高职中外合作办学存在问题的基础上,提出高职中外合作办学的有效模式、运行机制和发展建议。%With the globalization of economy higher education has begun globalization.Sino-foreign cooperative running is rising in higher vocational colleges.Taking the cooperative running practice as an example between Dalian Vocational Technical College and Holmesglen Institute in Australia,this paper combines the cooperative running experience from other higher vocational colleges.On the basis of analyzing the existing problems of Sino-foreign cooperative running in our country at present,it puts forward the effective mode,operating mechanism and developing suggestion of this cooperative running.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王逊; 高峻; 孙振丽
2012-01-01
采用Aspen plus模拟含碳气体净化流程,得到净化气中CO2含量与H2S含量、吸收剂流量、再生器热负荷的关系；对基于K/MoS2催化剂和固定床反应器的混合醇合成过程进行模拟和产物预报、优化黑液高温气化制备混合醇的合成条件,得到反应气CO2含量、催化剂装填比、反应温度、反应压力对CO单程转化率、总醇选择性、烃选择性、CO2选择性、总醇时空产率、C2+醇质量分数的影响规律.结果表明,为改善混合醇反应性能和降低公用工程消耗,适宜的合成条件为:合成温度310 ～ 330℃、催化剂装填比20 ～ 30 g·h/mol、合成压力9～11 MPa、反应气CO2含量1.6％.%The objective of the paper is to optimize the operation conditions of higher alcohol synthesis via raw syngas from high temperature gasification of black liquor. The process of CO2 removal from syngas is simulated by commercial software Aspen plus. The variations of H2S content, absorbent consumption and heat load for absorbent regeneration with CO2 content in clean singes (reactant) are analyzed. The synthesis process is analyzed based on the model of a fixed bed reactor and K/MoS2 catalyst. Products distributions and yields are predicted. The influence of operation conditions, including CO2 content in reactant, catalyst loading, reaction temperature and pressure on CO conversion ratio, selectivities of alcohol, hydrocarbon, CO2 and ester, mass content of C2 + alcohol and space time yield are studied by sensitive studies. Analysis results show that the optimum operation conditions of the reactor are: temperature 310～330℃ , pressure 9～11 MPa, catalyst loading ratio 20 ～30 g·h/mol and CO2 content 1. 6% .
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王庆如
2014-01-01
Enhancing the operation efficiency is a prerequisite of healthy development of non -governmental institutions of higher learning which is mainly faced with lack of funds , improper use of the funds , and insufficient social and personal benefits .This is in connection with the reduction of student numbers , poor living environment , non-implementation of classified management mechanisms, and the pursuit of profit behavior .To overcome the current difficulties , both the government and non-governmental institutions of higher learning need to adopt proactive strategies and through implementing classified management , enhancing pub-lic finance support , and improving education quality , to promote their sustainable development .%提升办学效益是民办高校健康发展的前提。民办高校办学效益主要存在办学经费不足、经费用途不当、社会和个人效益不高等问题。这与民办高校生源数量锐减、生存环境不佳、分类管理机制未实行以及办学行为逐利化等因素密切相关。要破解当前的困境，政府和民办高校都需要采取积极策略，通过实行分类管理、加强公共财政资助以及引导学校提升教育质量等措施，推动民办高等教育的可持续发展。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨丽君
2015-01-01
随着高等教育结构布局的调整，地方本科院校正在向应用技术高校转型。“导游业务”课程作为旅游专业本科学生的必修课，在高素质旅游服务人才培养方面起到重要作用。通过分析课程教学中学生、教师、教学设计、考核方式的现状及问题，以应用型人才培养为导向，提出课程教学改革的措施与建议。%With the adjustment of the higher education structure and the transition of universities run by the local government , Tour-guide Operations course , as a compulsory course for undergraduate students majoring in tourism, would plays an important role in the cultivation of qualified personnel.Through the analysis of the problems existed among students, teachers, teaching de-sign, teaching evaluation, the paper put forward some suggestions to reform the teaching of the course.
Alday, Luis F
2013-01-01
We analyze the properly normalized three-point correlator of two protected scalar operators and one higher spin twist-two operator in N=4 super Yang-Mills, in the limit of large spin j. The relevant structure constant can be extracted from the OPE of the four-point correlator of protected scalar operators. We show that crossing symmetry of the four point correlator plus a judicious guess for the perturbative structure of the three-point correlator, allow to make a prediction for the structure constant at all loops in perturbation theory, up to terms that remain finite as the spin becomes large. Furthermore, the expression for the structure constant allows to propose an expression for the all loops four-point correlator G(u,v), in the limit u,v -> 0. Our predictions are in perfect agreement with the large j expansion of results available in the literature.
Hallenberg, K.; Cockcroft, TW
2014-01-01
Interest in the relationship between police and higher education is not a new phenomenon. However, in the UK, co-operation between police and the academy has been slow to develop, particularly when compared to the United States and Europe. Nevertheless, a number of police-university partnerships and a variety of courses from Foundation to Masters level aimed at current and aspiring police officers has mushroomed over the last decade, illustrating a recent formalisation of the police-academia ...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
那英志
2013-01-01
专业的品牌化是实施学院“品牌办学”战略的关键。品牌化的本质是创建差异以赢得顾客的忠诚。专业文化是高职专业品牌差异之本，顾客忠诚之源。实现专业品牌化的核心任务是从理念层面构建体现行业特质、区域特色的专业文化，以清晰的专业使命、价值观与同类专业相区分，从实践层面以“学教做合一”为指导全面构建专业价值观与高职生的日常行为间的关联性，引导学生基于日常学习、生活的个人经验将价值观内化为人格特质，全方位打造、传播统一的专业品牌形象。%Professional branding plays a key role in the implementation of the brand school opera-tion strategy for colleges .As the name suggests ,the essence of Branding is to gain the customers'faithfulness by creating differences .Professional culture acts as the root of the differences and the source of the customers'faithfulness in higher vocational education branding .It's the core task of a-chieving professional branding to construct the professional culture w hich can reflect the industrial traits and regional characteristics from the concept level ,to differ from other majors of the kind by clear professional missions and values ,and to completely construct the relevance between professional values and students'daily behaviors guided by the concept of integration of learning ,teaching and do-ing in the practice aspect ,w hich aims to forge and spread a unified professional branding image by in-ternalizing students'values acquired from the daily personal experiences into their personality traits .
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王敏; 金吉元; 刘新国
2011-01-01
由济三选煤厂原煤筛分试验和煤泥水筛分试验可知,原煤泥化现象严重,煤泥水处理能力低,循环水中细粒级含量较高,导致循环水浓度升高,高浓度循环水是影响跳汰机分选效果的主要原因.通过调整进气蝶阀、排气蝶阀,设置风压频率和调整水量等措施对跳汰机操作参数进行了调整,并通过三产品分配率曲线对调整效果进行了验证,结果表明:三产品跳汰机分配率曲线较陡,可能偏差EP1、Ep2,不完善度I1、I2均小于0.1,跳汰机分选效果良好.调整跳汰机操作参数后,济三选煤厂产品质量结构得到优化,省去了配煤洗混的麻烦；精煤灰分合格率达到100％,精煤产率提高了3％；原煤入洗能力提高了120 t/h,超额完成了选煤厂生产指标.%Raw coal screening experiments and coal water slurry screening experiments in Jining NO. 3 coal preparation plant show that the raw coal is extremely sliming and the efficient of processing system is lower, there are also large amount of fine particles in circulating water, higher concentration of circulating water is the main cause of lower separation efficiency. The operating parameters have been adjusted by adjusting gas inlet and outlet butterfly valves, resetting wind pressure frequency, regulating flow of circulating water and so on. Adjustment effect have been tested by three products distribution rate curve. The results show that the the slope of curve is larger, the possible deviation EP1、EP2 .imperfection I1, I2 are above 0. 1 ,the jigging effect is better. After adjument,the quality of products have been improved, also have saved the plant the trouble of bulk flotating for blending coal, cleans ash has reached 100% ,the clean coal productive has been improved by 3% .processing capability is up 120 t/h. The productive task has been overfulfilled.
Karakochuk, Crystal; van den Briel, Tina; Stephens, Derek; Zlotkin, Stanley
2012-10-01
Moderate and severe acute malnutrition affects 13% of children food (RUSF) and the more conventional ration of corn-soya blend (CSB) in Ethiopia. A total of 1125 children aged 6-60 mo with moderate acute malnutrition received 16 wk of CSB or RUSF. Children were randomly assigned to receive one or the other food. The daily rations were purposely based on the conventional treatment rations distributed at the time of the study in Ethiopia: 300 g CSB and 32 g vegetable oil in the control group (1413 kcal) and 92 g RUSF in the intervention group (500 kcal). The higher ration size of CSB was provided because of expected food sharing. The HR for children in the CSB group was 0.85 (95% CI: 0.73, 0.99), which indicated that they had 15% lower recovery (P = 0.039). Recovery rates of children at the end of the 16-wk treatment period trended higher in the RUSF group (73%) than in the CSB group (67%) (P = 0.056). In comparison with CSB, the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition with RUSF resulted in higher recovery rates in children, despite the large ration size and higher energy content of the conventional CSB ration.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈晖
2014-01-01
构建人才培养模式是根据实际情况和社会需求，对人才培养目标、课程模式、教学设计、培养途径以及师资队伍等要素进行优化组合。文章基于连锁行业发展现状，对连锁经营管理专业人才的需求现实和连锁经营管理专业人才培养目标定位，提出了构建创业型连锁经营管理专业人才培养模式。%The construction of talents training mode which is based on the actual situation and needs of society is the optimization and combination of the talent training goal, curriculum model, teaching design, training methods and teachers. Based on the present development situation of chain industry, This paper locates the reality of talents demand and talents training goal of chain operation management, and puts forward the construction of management talent training mode of entrepreneurial chain operation.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baron, Clemens [AREVA NP GmbH, Erlangen (Germany)
2010-01-15
Areva has successfully launched RodPilot {sup registered}, its new digital control rod control system. After several years of development and qualification as well as testing in experimental facilities, the system was ready for worldwide installation and use in nuclear power plants equipped with pressurized water reactors. It is for this reason that the South African operator, Eskom, decided in favor of Areva and RodPilot when upgrading the reactor control system of its Koeberg nuclear power station. After implementation of RodPilot, the first of two units resumed operation smoothly in early April 2009. RodPilot offers clear increases in operational safety, availability, information, and ease of operation in reactor control especially to the operators of older reactors. (orig.)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
鲍卫
2011-01-01
Rapid development of technical equipment in high-speed railway system urgently needs large quantities of talents with high quality and skills majoring in motor train unit＇s operation and maintenance. Practice teaching link directly affects the training quality of high-skilled talents. From the perspective of giving full play to enthusiasm of talent training in rail transit enterprises, major of motor train unit＇s operation and maintenance explores college-enterprise co-construction of training base. Co-construction, condominium and sharing mode is formed with cooperative enterprises and advanced, comprehensive and open training base is built centering on specialty core skills to meet the needs of training for transportation and production staff in enterprises and students＇ professional skills training.%高速铁路系统技术装备的快速发展，急需培养大批的高素质、高技能型动车组运用与检修专门人才，而实践教学环节直接影响高技能人才的培养质量．动车组运用与检修专业在充分发挥轨道交通企业人才培养积极性方面，探索校企合作共建校内外实训基地，围绕专业核心技能，与合作企业形成共建、共管、共用运行模式，建成先进、综合、开放的校内外实训基地，满足企业运输生产人员培训和学生职业技能培养的需要．
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张卫玮; 贺玲
2015-01-01
Adjust nursing education structure,the development of higher nursing education,expand the scale of higher nursing education,improve the professional structure,the establishment of specialist nursing care job training system is China Development Plan(2011~2015),the main objective of the a[1].Reform and innovation vocational nursing training methods,evaluation and design training ef ect,has become an important vocational education levels of care tasks.%调整护理教育层次结构，发展高等护理教育，扩大护理高职高专教育的规模，完善专业结构，建立专科护理岗位培训制度是中国护理事业发展规划纲要(2011~2015年)的主要目标之一[1]。高职高专护理人才培训方法的改革和创新，培训效果的评价与设计，已成为高职高专层次护理教育的重要任务。
Challenges in European higher education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Andreas G. Orphanides
2012-06-01
Full Text Available Quality assurance has been one of the most important components of the Bologna Process and the EHEA. Quality and innovation are sine qua non in achieving competitiveness in European higher education, especially when the focus is on its challenges in a global context. This principle certainly applies to the entire world as well. It is vital that all European countries and all European higher education institutions implement punctually and with distinction the 'Standards and Guidelines for Quality Assurance in the European Higher Education Area' concerning internal and external quality assurance, and quality assurance agencies, as well as the function and operation of the European Quality Assurance Register (EQAR. On the other hand, if diversity in higher education provision is to be considered an asset, a transparent, multidimensional classification system of instruments designed to benchmark higher education institutions on research and innovation, teaching and learning outcomes, services to society, etc., may help identify and make visible such diversity.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
崔发周
2013-01-01
针对传统校企合作模式存在的人才培养质量不高、师资队伍发展缓慢、基地建设资源浪费以及社会认可度较低等一些列深层次的问题，利用头脑风暴法构建了基于企业发展方式转变的校企合作运行机制模型，并对要素之间的关系作了分析，最后提出了运行机制完善的相关建议。%Aiming at the deep problem existing in the model of cooperation between school and enterprise, such as the low quality of talent cultivation, slow development of teaching staff, resource waste in base construction, poor social recognition degree, taking advantage of brain storm, this thesis establishes the model of cooperation between school and enterprise based on the change of enterprise development style, analyzes the relationship between among factors, and finally puts forward the relevant suggestions which is helpful to improve the operating mechanism.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐虎
2011-01-01
高职类城市轨道交通运营管理专业是近几年为符合城市发展和经济建设的来开设的新兴专业.高职院校的人才培养定位,专业办学特色,以社会需求为导向,以岗位技能为基准,改革传统的教学方法,加强与企业的合作,从而推进"工学结合、顶岗实习"的人才培养模式和校企合作实习实训基地的建设,最终构建以工作导向为基础课程体系的方法和有特色的专业教学资源库.%Urban rail transportation operation management is a newly developing major in vocational colleges which meets the urban and economic development in recent years. Vocational orientation of personnel training, and educational specialty are based on the social demand and the job skills.Vocational colleges reform the traditional teaching methods and strengthen the cooperation between enterprises and schools, in order to promote the "work and study, internship" personnel training model and the construction of school-enterprise cooperation practice base. And finally establish work-oriented curriculum system methods and distinctive professional teaching resource library.
Dostal, Jiri
1993-01-01
This book provides the reader with the practical knowledge necessary to select and use operational amplifier devices. It presents an extensive treatment of applications and a practically oriented, unified theory of operational circuits.Provides the reader with practical knowledge necessary to select and use operational amplifier devices. Presents an extensive treatment of applications and a practically oriented, unified theory of operational circuits
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
魏洁
2014-01-01
Construction of travel agency training base of higher vocational education with rea loccupation atmosphere will lay the foundation for the practice of combining learning with working. The base provides students with real work environment. the internship of students in the business department can prepare them with the combination of curriculum theory and practice and strengthen technical learning ability. With the help of professional teachers and travel agency business manager, they will understand and be familiar with the travel agency industry in the work environment, cultivate the needed industry working attitude and service spirit, complete the real task and also achieve the teaching objective.%高职高专旅游管理专业建立具有真实职业氛围的校园旅行社实训基地，可为践行工学结合奠定坚实基础。为学生提供了真实的工作环境，学生们在营业部实习除了可结合课程理论和强化技术学习能力之外，同时可以在专业教师、旅行社营业部经理的协助下，熟悉和了解旅行社行业工作环境，培养行业所需的工作态度及服务精神，完成真实工作任务的同时也实现了教学目标。
1982-03-01
Price increases in the Jamaica CSM program went into effect on August 31, 1981. The program began in 1975. While the need for higher prices has been under discussion for the past 3 years, this is the 1st time the requisite approval from the Jamaica Price Commission has been obtained. The Jamaica National Family Planning Board (JNFPB) reports that the Panther 3-pack (condom) is up US$0.15 to US$0.30. Each Perle package (oral contraceptive) was increased by US$0.20. Single cycle Perle now sells for US$0.50, and 3-pack Perle sells for US$1.10. The 6-year price stagnation experienced by the CSM program resulted in a decreasing operational budget as program costs continued to rise. Marketing costs alone during this period escalated by 100-300%. For example, Panther pop-up display cartons cost the project US 16U each in 1975. By 1979 the same product cost US 49U. Newspaper advertisements have increased from the 1975 cost of US$68.00 to nearly $200.00 per placement. The overall inflation rate in Jamaica during the last 5 years has averaged more than 20% annually. In the face of these rising costs, outlet expansion for Perle has been prevented, wholesaler margins have been unavailable, and new retailer training has been discontinued. It is projected that the new prices will result in an annual increased revenues of US$80,000 which will be used to reinstate these essential marketing activities. The JNFPB is also planning to introduce a Panther 12-pack and Panther strips to the CSM product line. According to Marketing Manager Aston Evans, "We believe the public is now ready for this type of packaging" which is scheduled to be available soon. Panther is presently only available in a 3-pack, but annual sales have been steady. The new 12-pack will be stocked on supermarket shelves to provide higher product visibility and wider distribution. The selling price has been set as US$1.20 and is expected to yield a 25% increase in sales during the 1st year. A complete sales promotion
Boehme, Thomas K
1987-01-01
Operational Calculus, Volume II is a methodical presentation of operational calculus. An outline of the general theory of linear differential equations with constant coefficients is presented. Integral operational calculus and advanced topics in operational calculus, including locally integrable functions and convergence in the space of operators, are also discussed. Formulas and tables are included.Comprised of four sections, this volume begins with a discussion on the general theory of linear differential equations with constant coefficients, focusing on such topics as homogeneous and non-ho
Tsichritzis, Dionysios C; Rheinboldt, Werner
1974-01-01
Operating Systems deals with the fundamental concepts and principles that govern the behavior of operating systems. Many issues regarding the structure of operating systems, including the problems of managing processes, processors, and memory, are examined. Various aspects of operating systems are also discussed, from input-output and files to security, protection, reliability, design methods, performance evaluation, and implementation methods.Comprised of 10 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of what constitutes an operating system, followed by a discussion on the definition and pr
Keyl, M.; Kiukas, J.; Werner, R. F.
2016-05-01
In this paper, we introduce Schwartz operators as a non-commutative analog of Schwartz functions and provide a detailed discussion of their properties. We equip them, in particular, with a number of different (but equivalent) families of seminorms which turns the space of Schwartz operators into a Fréchet space. The study of the topological dual leads to non-commutative tempered distributions which are discussed in detail as well. We show, in particular, that the latter can be identified with a certain class of quadratic forms, therefore making operations like products with bounded (and also some unbounded) operators and quantum harmonic analysis available to objects which are otherwise too singular for being a Hilbert space operator. Finally, we show how the new methods can be applied by studying operator moment problems and convergence properties of fluctuation operators.
Alcock-Zeilinger, Judith
2016-01-01
In this paper, we give a generic algorithm of the transition operators between Hermitian Young projection operators corresponding to equivalent irreducible representations of SU(N), using the compact expressions of Hermitian Young projection operators derived in a companion paper. We show that the Hermitian Young projection operators together with their transition operators constitute a fully orthogonal basis for the algebra of invariants of $V^{\\otimes m}$ that exhibits a systematically simplified multiplication table. We discuss the full algebra of invariants over $V^{\\otimes 3}$ and $V^{\\otimes 4}$ as explicit examples. In our presentation we make use of various standard concepts such as Young projection operators, Clebsch-Gordan operators, and invariants (in birdtrack notation). We tie these perspectives together and use them to shed light on each other.
Globalisation and Higher Education
Marginson, Simon; Wende, van der Marijk
2007-01-01
Economic and cultural globalisation has ushered in a new era in higher education. Higher education was always more internationally open than most sectors because of its immersion in knowledge, which never showed much respect for juridical boundaries. In global knowledge economies, higher education i
India's Higher Education Challenges
Altbach, Philip G.
2014-01-01
India, with the world's second largest higher education system and a rapidly growing economy as one of the BRIC nations, faces significant challenges in building both capacity and excellence in higher education. India's higher education system is characterized by "islands of excellence in a sea of mediocrity." The mainstream universities…
India's Higher Education Challenges
Altbach, Philip G.
2014-01-01
India, with the world's second largest higher education system and a rapidly growing economy as one of the BRIC nations, faces significant challenges in building both capacity and excellence in higher education. India's higher education system is characterized by "islands of excellence in a sea of mediocrity." The mainstream universities…
Hermeneutic operative calculus
Ramakrishnan, Sivakumar; Isawasan, Pradeep; Mohanan, Vasuky
2014-07-01
The predicate calculus used currently by mathematical logic in computer science, philosophy and linguistic was found to be too restrictive and inadequate for describing the grammar of natural and artificial language. Therefore many higher order logics have been developed to overcome the limitation of predicate calculus. In this paper a new representation of logic using mathematical principles has been developed for the natural language called Hermeneutic Operative Calculus. This Hermeneutic Operative Calculus is a new language interpretive calculus developed to account for the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic features of natural language and allows removing the restrictions of any particular natural language in the semantic field its map out. The logic of Hermeneutic Operative Calculus capable of represent the syntactic and semantic of factual information of a natural language precisely in any language. The logic of this Hermeneutic Operative Calculus has two different forms of operations called object and meta-operations. The object operation allow for listing the various objects, picturing the various propositions and so forth. The meta-operation would specify what cannot be specified by the object operation like semantical stances of a proposition. The basic operative processes of linguistics and cognitive logic will be mathematically conceptualized and elaborated in this paper.
Sellmaier, Florian; Schmidhuber, Michael
2015-01-01
The book describes the basic concepts of spaceflight operations, for both, human and unmanned missions. The basic subsystems of a space vehicle are explained in dedicated chapters, the relationship of spacecraft design and the very unique space environment are laid out. Flight dynamics are taught as well as ground segment requirements. Mission operations are divided into preparation including management aspects, execution and planning. Deep space missions and space robotic operations are included as special cases. The book is based on a course held at the German Space Operation Center (GSOC).
Operating Reserves and Variable Generation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ela, E.; Milligan, M.; Kirby, B.
2011-08-01
This report tries to first generalize the requirements of the power system as it relates to the needs of operating reserves. It also includes a survey of operating reserves and how they are managed internationally in system operations today and then how new studies and research are proposing they may be managed in the future with higher penetrations of variable generation.
1956-07-31
only 16mm cinemascope films would be available after 1 August 1956t Act- tion was taken to modify the screens of the Terrace and Starlite theaters...approximately 900, was in operation throughout the interim and operational period. The Starlite Theater, which seats approximately 600, opened in
African Journals Online (AJOL)
operation using conventional arms against Swapo Plan, while they were still massed in their .... stationed there was no real threat to our planned operation. the idea was to sow confusion in the minds ...... A four by four transport vehi- cle, based ...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Thomas Rosendal; Hustvedt, Kjersti
2016-01-01
by Bakhtinian theory, Brian Edmiston developed a solution to this in the 1990s: the principle of ‘dialogic sequencing’. Aiming to escape the conflict between relativism and absolutism, we present an alternative to Edmiston’s approach, based on Niklas Luhmann’s theory of ‘operational closure’: operational...
Agron, Joe
2007-01-01
This article presents an interview with John D. Musso, executive director of the Association of School Business Officials (ASBO) International. Musso talks about trends and issues that will most affect school business and operations in 2007 and beyond. Despite the challenges facing school operations, he believes that the key to being successful at…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gilbert, F. C.
1964-11-06
This report consists of three sections covering the three major areas of Lawrence Livermore Laboratory`s participation in Operation Crosscheck. These areas are: Diagnostic Aircraft; Radiochemical Sampling; and Device Assembly and Handling, Barbers Point. The information contained in these sections has been extracted from Crosscheck post-operation reports.
Foxcroft, G. E.
1986-01-01
Addresses the introduction of low cost equipment into high school and college physical science classes. Examines the properties of an "ideal" operational amplifier and discusses how it might be used under saturated and non-saturated conditions. Notes the action of a "real" operational amplifier. (TW)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
1996-01-01
3.1 Annual Report of SPR Operation Chu Shaochu Having overseen by National Nuclear Safety Administration and specialists, the reactor restarted up successfully after Safety renovation on April 16, 1996. In August 1996 the normal operation of SPR was approved by the authorities of Naitonal Nuclear Safety Administration. 1 Operation status In 1996, the reactor operated safely for 40 d and the energy released was about 137.3 MW·d. The operation status of SPR is shown in table 1. The reactor started up to higher power (power more than 1 MW) and lower power (for physics experiments) 4 times and 14 times respectively. Measurement of control rod efficiency and other measurement tasks were 2 times and 5 times respectively.
Elwick, Alex; Cannizzaro, Sara
2017-01-01
This article reviews the higher education literature surrounding happiness and related notions: satisfaction, despair, flourishing and well-being. It finds that there is a real dearth of literature relating to profound happiness in higher education: much of the literature using the terms ‘happiness’ and ‘satisfaction’ interchangeably as if one were tantamount to the other, such conflation being due to the move towards consumerism within higher education and the marketization of the sector. Wh...
Competitive Intelligence: Significance in Higher Education
Barrett, Susan E.
2010-01-01
Historically noncompetitive, the higher education sector is now having to adjust dramatically to new and increasing demands on numerous levels. To remain successfully operational within the higher educational market universities today must consider all relevant forces which can impact present and future planning. Those institutions that were…
Redesigning Higher Education: Embracing a New Paradigm
Watson, William R.; Watson, Sunnie Lee
2014-01-01
Higher education is under enormous pressure to transform itself and embrace a new paradigm. Operating under an outdated model that no longer aligns with the realities of modern society, institutions of higher education are recognizing the need to drastically remake themselves or possibly cease to exist. This article explores the current landscape…
Leveraging Higher Education Consortia for Institutional Advancement
Burley, Diana; Gnam, Cathy; Newman, Robin; Straker, Howard; Babies, Tanika
2012-01-01
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore conceptually the role of higher education consortia in facilitating the operational advancement of member institutions, and in enabling their development as learning organizations in a changing and competitive higher education environment. Design/methodology/approach: This article synthesizes the…
Redesigning Higher Education: Embracing a New Paradigm
Watson, William R.; Watson, Sunnie Lee
2014-01-01
Higher education is under enormous pressure to transform itself and embrace a new paradigm. Operating under an outdated model that no longer aligns with the realities of modern society, institutions of higher education are recognizing the need to drastically remake themselves or possibly cease to exist. This article explores the current landscape…
Chmabers, Paul; Moore, Ian
2013-01-01
Higher Physics for CfE provides complete coverage of the latest SQA syllabus for the Revised Higher (for examination 2012 onwards), and is also tailored specifically to the extended requirements, teaching approaches and syllabus outlines detailed in the Higher revisions for Curriculum for Excellence. It will therefore be appropriate for all new Higher Physics syllabus requirements from 2012 onwards. Each section of the book matches a unit of the CfE syllabus; each chapter corresponds to a content area. The text is composed of three units: Our Dynamic Universe, Particles and Waves, and Electric
Lurie, Jacob
2009-01-01
Higher category theory is generally regarded as technical and forbidding, but part of it is considerably more tractable: the theory of infinity-categories, higher categories in which all higher morphisms are assumed to be invertible. In Higher Topos Theory, Jacob Lurie presents the foundations of this theory, using the language of weak Kan complexes introduced by Boardman and Vogt, and shows how existing theorems in algebraic topology can be reformulated and generalized in the theory's new language. The result is a powerful theory with applications in many areas of mathematics. The book's firs
Mercado del Collado, Ricardo
Higher education planning in Mexico is discussed, with attention to: conceptual characteristics of Mexico's higher education planning system; relationships among the national, regional, state, and institutional planning levels; and design and operation of the Comprehensive Program for the Development of Higher Education. Responsibilities of…
Shaw, J
2013-01-01
Reactor Operation covers the theoretical aspects and design information of nuclear reactors. This book is composed of nine chapters that also consider their control, calibration, and experimentation.The opening chapters present the general problems of reactor operation and the principles of reactor control and operation. The succeeding chapters deal with the instrumentation, start-up, pre-commissioning, and physical experiments of nuclear reactors. The remaining chapters are devoted to the control rod calibrations and temperature coefficient measurements in the reactor. These chapters also exp
A course of higher mathematics
Smirnov, Vladimir Ivanovich
1964-01-01
International Series of Monographs in Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 62: A Course of Higher Mathematics, V: Integration and Functional Analysis focuses on the theory of functions. The book first discusses the Stieltjes integral. Concerns include sets and their powers, Darboux sums, improper Stieltjes integral, jump functions, Helly's theorem, and selection principles. The text then takes a look at set functions and the Lebesgue integral. Operations on sets, measurable sets, properties of closed and open sets, criteria for measurability, and exterior measure and its properties are discuss
Operator programs and operator processes
Bergstra, J.A.; Walters, P.
2003-01-01
We define a notion of program which is not a computer program but an operator program: a detailed description of actions performed and decisions taken by a human operator (computer user) performing a task to achieve a goal in a simple setting consisting of that user, one or more computers and a
Operator programs and operator processes
Bergstra, J.A.; Walters, P.
2003-01-01
We define a notion of program which is not a computer program but an operator program: a detailed description of actions performed and decisions taken by a human operator (computer user) performing a task to achieve a goal in a simple setting consisting of that user, one or more computers and a work
Higher Education's Caste System
Iannone, Ron
2004-01-01
In this article, the author discusses the history of the present caste system in higher education. He shows how the public's perception of this caste system is based on image and not usually on the quality of teaching and curriculum in colleges and universities. Finally, he discusses a model for accessibility to higher education and how higher…
Hypermedia and Higher Education.
Lemke, Jay L.
1993-01-01
Discusses changes in higher education that are resulting from the use of hypermedia. Topics addressed include the structure of traditional texts; a distributed model for academic communication; independent learning as a model for higher education; skills for hypermedia literacy; database searching; information retrieval; authoring skills; design…
Elwick, Alex; Cannizzaro, Sara
2017-01-01
This paper investigates the higher education literature surrounding happiness and related notions: satisfaction, despair, flourishing and well-being. It finds that there is a real dearth of literature relating to profound happiness in higher education: much of the literature using the terms happiness and satisfaction interchangeably as if one were…
Reimagining Christian Higher Education
Hulme, E. Eileen; Groom, David E., Jr.; Heltzel, Joseph M.
2016-01-01
The challenges facing higher education continue to mount. The shifting of the U.S. ethnic and racial demographics, the proliferation of advanced digital technologies and data, and the move from traditional degrees to continuous learning platforms have created an unstable environment to which Christian higher education must adapt in order to remain…
Higher Education in California
Public Policy Institute of California, 2016
2016-01-01
Higher education enhances Californians' lives and contributes to the state's economic growth. But population and education trends suggest that California is facing a large shortfall of college graduates. Addressing this shortfall will require strong gains for groups that have been historically underrepresented in higher education. Substantial…
Consumerism in Higher Education
Green, Mark
1973-01-01
In considering consumerism in higher education, the student becomes the consumer,'' the university the corporation,'' and higher education the education industry.'' Other members of the education fraternity become investors, management, workers, direct consumers, and indirect consumers. This article proposes that it behooves the student to…
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gil, J. I. Burgos; Feliu, Elisenda
2012-01-01
We give a new construction of higher arithmetic Chow groups for quasi-projective arithmetic varieties over a field. Our definition agrees with the higher arithmetic Chow groups defined by Goncharov for projective arithmetic varieties over a field. These groups are the analogue, in the Arakelov co...
Nonlocal higher order evolution equations
Rossi, Julio D.
2010-06-01
In this article, we study the asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the nonlocal operator ut(x, t)1/4(-1)n-1 (J*Id -1)n (u(x, t)), x ∈ ℝN, which is the nonlocal analogous to the higher order local evolution equation vt(-1)n-1(Δ)nv. We prove that the solutions of the nonlocal problem converge to the solution of the higher order problem with the right-hand side given by powers of the Laplacian when the kernel J is rescaled in an appropriate way. Moreover, we prove that solutions to both equations have the same asymptotic decay rate as t goes to infinity. © 2010 Taylor & Francis.
HUNGARIAN HIGHER EDUTATION-SUSTAINABILITY
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Éva DARABOS
2015-12-01
Full Text Available Nowadays, the sustainability already goes far beyond the aspects of environmental protection; the knowledge and the education are also part of the sustainable development. In the field of education, a condition of realizing the sustainability is that the state should ensure a predictable and stable budget for the operation of institutions. Aim of the treatise, at first, is to examine the fulfilment of Europe 2020 Strategy objective affecting the higher education directly and then, based on statistical data, to present the trend in number of students of the Hungarian higher education and its composition by regions and to examine the change in the budgetary support.In order to retain the sustainability and competitiveness, the state and the institutions should make efforts to harmonise their sources and expenditures and to ensure a predictable, stable financial environment for the sector and its stakeholders.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zou, Yihuan
. With regard to quality assurance and accountability in higher education special attention should be given to the values pursued and be careful to balance between immediate, single-value efficiency and sustainable development and a wider-range of values that higher education serves.......Quality in higher education was not invented in recent decades – universities have always possessed mechanisms for assuring the quality of their work. The rising concern over quality is closely related to the changes in higher education and its social context. Among others, the most conspicuous...... changes are the massive expansion, diversification and increased cost in higher education, and new mechanisms of accountability initiated by the state. With these changes the traditional internally enacted academic quality-keeping has been given an important external dimension – quality assurance, which...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zou, Yihuan
Quality in higher education was not invented in recent decades – universities have always possessed mechanisms for assuring the quality of their work. The rising concern over quality is closely related to the changes in higher education and its social context. Among others, the most conspicuous...... changes are the massive expansion, diversification and increased cost in higher education, and new mechanisms of accountability initiated by the state. With these changes the traditional internally enacted academic quality-keeping has been given an important external dimension – quality assurance, which...... requires higher education institutions to continuously demonstrate and improve performance, and which also provides new systems of rewards and sanctions. However, the complex impacts of quality assurance policies have shown a need to further understand the quality issue in higher education. This book...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
蒋昌俊; 吴哲辉
1992-01-01
Two kinds of net operations.addition and Cartesian production of P/T nets,are introduced.They are defined on the set of underlying net of P/T systems.The conditions for preserving structural properties of Petri net after these operations are discussed.It is shown that the set of P/T nets forms and Abelian group for net addition operation and the inverse net of a P/T net in usual meaning of net theory is exactly the inverse of this P/T net as an element of the P/T net group;and that the set of P/T nets forms an Abelian ring for net addition and Caresian product operations.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset consists of operable unit data from multiple Superfund sites in U.S. EPA Region 8. These data were acquired from multiple sources at different times and...
2015-01-01
A one-sentence definition of operator theory could be: The study of (linear) continuous operations between topological vector spaces, these being in general (but not exclusively) Fréchet, Banach, or Hilbert spaces (or their duals). Operator theory is thus a very wide field, with numerous facets, both applied and theoretical. There are deep connections with complex analysis, functional analysis, mathematical physics, and electrical engineering, to name a few. Fascinating new applications and directions regularly appear, such as operator spaces, free probability, and applications to Clifford analysis. In our choice of the sections, we tried to reflect this diversity. This is a dynamic ongoing project, and more sections are planned, to complete the picture. We hope you enjoy the reading, and profit from this endeavor.
2012-12-06
Arab movement were only achievable in a protracted war, inflicting an intolerable amount of casualties against Israel and the West. To accomplish this...functioning rice as well as wheat mill with adequate storage and production capacity, the 3/2 SBCT coordinated with higher division, corps, multinational...168 Ibid. 169 Ibid. 63 repair of silos and wheat and rice processing factories. Operation
Gil, J I Burgos
2009-01-01
We give a new construction of higher arithmetic Chow groups for quasi-projective arithmetic varieties over a field. Our definition agrees with the higher arithmetic Chow groups defined by Goncharov for projective arithmetic varieties over a field. These groups are the analogue, in the Arakelov context, of the higher algebraic Chow groups defined by Bloch. The degree zero group agrees with the arithmetic Chow groups of Burgos. Our new construction is shown to be a contravariant functor and is endowed with a product structure, which is commutative and associative.
Bridges, Ann; Mitchell, John
2015-01-01
A brand new edition of the former Higher English: Close Reading , completely revised and updated for the new Higher element (Reading for Understanding, Analysis and Evaluation) - worth 30% of marks in the final exam!. We are working with SQA to secure endorsement for this title. Written by two highly experienced authors this book shows you how to practice for the Reading for Understanding, Analysis and Evaluation section of the new Higher English exam. This book introduces the terms and concepts that lie behind success and offers guidance on the interpretation of questions and targeting answer
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
叶郁; 张璞
2003-01-01
In this paper we generalize the Koszul complexes and Koszul algebras, and introduce the higherKoszul (t-Koszul) complexes and higher Koszul algebras, where t ≥ 2 is an integer. We prove that an algebra ist-Koszul if and only if its t-Koszul complex is augmented, i.e. the higher degree (≥ 1) homologies vanish. Forarbitrary t-Koszul algebra , we also give a description of the structure of the cohomology algebra Ext ( 0, 0)by using the t-Koszul complexes, where the 0 is the direct sum of the simples.
Reputation in Higher Education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Martensen, Anne; Grønholdt, Lars
2005-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to develop a reputation model for higher education programmes, provide empirical evidence for the model and illustrate its application by using Copenhagen Business School (CBS) as the recurrent case. The developed model is a cause-and-effect model linking image...... for higher education reputation and which relations exist between the included determinants from a theoretical perspective. It is demonstrated how the model and measurement system may be a useful management tool for the improvement of the reputation of a higher education. In this way, the model can help...... leaders of higher education institutions to set strategic directions and support their decisions in an effort to create even better study programmes with a better reputation. Finally, managerial implications and directions for future research are discussed.Keywords: Reputation, image, corporate identity...
Efficiency in higher education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Duguleană, C.
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The National Education Law establishes the principles of equity and efficiency in higher education. The concept of efficiency has different meanings according to the types of funding and the time horizons: short or long term management approaches. Understanding the black box of efficiency may offer solutions for an effective activity. The paper presents the parallel presentation of efficiency in a production firm and in a university, for better understanding the specificities of efficiency in higher education.
Schreiber, Urs
2016-01-01
This is a survey of motivations, constructions and applications of higher prequantum geometry. In section 1 we highlight the open problem of prequantizing local field theory in a local and gauge invariant way, and we survey how a solution to this problem exists in higher differential geometry. In section 2 we survey examples and problems of interest. In section 3 we survey the abstract cohesive homotopy theory that serves to make all this precise and tractable.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
冯志鹏; 秦嗣峰
2016-01-01
Planetary gearboxes are widely used in various types of machinery.Fault diagnosis of planetary gearboxes is very important.A method based on Hilbert vibration decomposition and higher order differential energy operator was proposed for planetary gearbox fault diagnosis.By adopting its advantages of low computational complexity and mono-component decomposition ability,Hilbert vibration decomposition was used to decompose a signal and meet the mono-component requirement for using the higher order differential energy operator.Considering its merits of fine time resolution and good adaptability to instantaneous changes of signals,the higher order differential energy operator was applied to detect the transient impulses induced by gear faults and to estimate the corresponding amplitude envelope and instantaneous frequency.Fourier transformation was applied in the higher order differential energy operator output and the obtained amplitude envelope and instantaneous frequency to identify the gear fault characteristic frequencies and thereby diagnose planetary gearbox faults.The effectiveness of the proposed method was validated with both simulated signals and test ones of a planetary gearbox.%行星齿轮箱广泛应用于各种机械设备中，其故障诊断问题是近年来的研究热点之一。提出了基于 Hilbert振动分解和高阶微分能量算子的故障诊断方法。Hilbert 振动分解计算复杂性低，能够将复杂信号分解为单分量，应用该方法对信号进行分解，满足高阶微分能量算子的要求。高阶微分能量算子的时间分辨率高，对信号的瞬态变化具有良好的自适应性，应用该方法检测故障引起的瞬态冲击，估计信号的幅值包络和瞬时频率。对高阶微分能量算子输出以及幅值包络和瞬时频率进行 Fourier 变换，通过频谱识别特征频率，从而诊断行星齿轮箱故障。分析了行星齿轮箱的仿真信号和实验信号，准确地诊断了
Applied Operations Research: Operator's Assistant
Cole, Stuart K.
2015-01-01
NASA operates high value critical equipment (HVCE) that requires trouble shooting, periodic maintenance and continued monitoring by Operations staff. The complexity HVCE and information required to maintain and trouble shoot HVCE to assure continued mission success as paper is voluminous. Training on new HVCE is commensurate with the need for equipment maintenance. LaRC Research Directorate has undertaken a proactive research to support Operations staff by initiation of the development and prototyping an electronic computer based portable maintenance aid (Operator's Assistant). This research established a goal with multiple objectives and a working prototype was developed. The research identified affordable solutions; constraints; demonstrated use of commercial off the shelf software; use of the US Coast Guard maintenance solution; NASA Procedure Representation Language; and the identification of computer system strategies; where these demonstrations and capabilities support the Operator, and maintenance. The results revealed validation against measures of effectiveness and overall proved a substantial training and capability sustainment tool. The research indicated that the OA could be deployed operationally at the LaRC Compressor Station with an expectation of satisfactorily results and to obtain additional lessons learned prior to deployment at other LaRC Research Directorate Facilities. The research revealed projected cost and time savings.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
KRUGER AA; MATLACK KS
2012-02-07
About 50 million gallons of high-level mixed waste is currently in storage in underground tanks at The United States Department of Energy's (DOE's) Hanford site in the State of Washington. The Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP) will provide DOE's Office of River Protection (ORP) with a means of treating this waste by vitrification for subsequent disposal. The tank waste will be separated into low- and high-activity fractions, which will then be vitrified respectively into Immobilized Low Activity Waste (ILAW) and Immobilized High Level Waste (IHLW) products. The ILAW product will be disposed of in an engineered facility on the Hanford site while the IHL W product will be directed to the national deep geological disposal facility for high-level nuclear waste. The ILAW and IHLW products must meet a variety of requirements with respect to protection of the environment before they can be accepted for disposal. The Office of River Protection is currently examining options to optimize the Low Activity Waste (LAW) facility and the LAW glass waste form. One option under evaluation is to enhance the waste processing rate of the vitrification plant currently under construction. It is likely that the capacity of the LAW vitrification plant can be increased incrementally by implementation of a variety of low-risk, high-probability changes, either separately or in combination. These changes include: (1) Operating at the higher processing rates demonstrated at the LAW Pilot Melter; (2) Increasing the glass pool surface area within the existing external melter envelope; (3) Increasing plant availability; (4) Increasing the glass waste loading; (5) Removing sulfate from the LAW stream; (6) Operating the melter at slightly higher temperature; (7) Installing the third LAW melter into the WTP plant; and (8) Other smaller impact changes. The tests describes in this report utilized blended feed (glass formers plus waste simulant) prepared by
Sarathy, Mani
2016-08-17
This chapter focuses on the production and combustion of alcohol fuels with four or more carbon atoms, which we classify as higher alcohols. It assesses the feasibility of utilizing various C4-C8 alcohols as fuels for internal combustion engines. Utilizing higher-molecular-weight alcohols as fuels requires careful analysis of their fuel properties. ASTM standards provide fuel property requirements for spark-ignition (SI) and compression-ignition (CI) engines such as the stability, lubricity, viscosity, and cold filter plugging point (CFPP) properties of blends of higher alcohols. Important combustion properties that are studied include laminar and turbulent flame speeds, flame blowout/extinction limits, ignition delay under various mixing conditions, and gas-phase and particulate emissions. The chapter focuses on the combustion of higher alcohols in reciprocating SI and CI engines and discusses higher alcohol performance in SI and CI engines. Finally, the chapter identifies the sources, production pathways, and technologies currently being pursued for production of some fuels, including n-butanol, iso-butanol, and n-octanol.
2003-01-01
Operational Circular N° 4 - April 2003 Conditions for use by members of the CERN personnel of vehicles belonging to or rented by CERN - This circular has been drawn up. Operational Circular N° 5 - October 2000 Use of CERN computing facilities - Further details on the personal use of CERN computing facilities Operational Circular N° 5 and its Subsidiary Rules http://cern.ch/ComputingRules defines the rules for the use of CERN computing facilities. One of the basic principles governing such use is that it must come within the professional duties of the user concerned, as defined by the user's divisional hierarchy. However, personal use of the computing facilities is tolerated or allowed provided : a) It is in compliance with Operational Circular N° 5 and not detrimental to official duties, including those of other users; b) the frequency and duration is limited and there is a negligible use of CERN resources; c) it does not constitute a political, commercial and/or profit-making activity; d) it is not...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Wistoft, Karen
2010-01-01
as networks: second, a semantic perspective on discourses and concepts of health, and, third, a health pedagogical perspective on participation, intervention, and roles. This paper argues for the importance of 'operative links' between different levels in health strategies. It is proposed that such links...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Stüben, Henning; Tietjen, Anne
2006-01-01
Abstract: This paper seeks to challenge the notion of context from an operational perspective. Can we grasp the forces that shape the complex conditions for an architectural or urban design within the notion of context? By shifting the gaze towards the agency of architecture, contextual analysis...
INTERNATIONALIZATION IN HIGHER EDUCATION
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Catalina Crisan-Mitra
2016-03-01
Full Text Available Internationalization of higher education is one of the key trends of development. There are several approaches on how to achieve competitiveness and performance in higher education and international academic mobility; students’ exchange programs, partnerships are some of the aspects that can play a significant role in this process. This paper wants to point out the student’s perception regarding two main directions: one about the master students’ expectation regarding how an internationalized master should be organized and should function, and second the degree of satisfaction of the beneficiaries of internationalized master programs from Babe-Bolyai University. This article is based on an empirical qualitative research that was implemented to students of an internationalized master from the Faculty of Economics and Business Administration. This research can be considered a useful example for those preoccupied to increase the quality of higher education and conclusions drawn have relevance both theoretically and especially practically.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zou, Yihuan; Zhao, Yingsheng; Du, Xiangyun
This paper starts with a critical approach to reflect on the current practice of quality assessment and assurance in higher education. This is followed by a proposal that in response to the global challenges for improving the quality of higher education, universities should take active actions...... of change by improving the quality of teaching and learning. From a constructivist perspective of understanding education and learning, this paper also discusses why and how universities should give more weight to learning and change the traditional role of teaching to an innovative approach of facilitation....... This transformation involves a broad scale of change at individual level, organizational level, and societal level. In this change process in higher education, staff development remains one of the key elements for university innovation and at the same time demands a systematic and holistic approach....
Henneaux, Marc; Vasiliev, Mikhail A
2017-01-01
Symmetries play a fundamental role in physics. Non-Abelian gauge symmetries are the symmetries behind theories for massless spin-1 particles, while the reparametrization symmetry is behind Einstein's gravity theory for massless spin-2 particles. In supersymmetric theories these particles can be connected also to massless fermionic particles. Does Nature stop at spin-2 or can there also be massless higher spin theories. In the past strong indications have been given that such theories do not exist. However, in recent times ways to evade those constraints have been found and higher spin gauge theories have been constructed. With the advent of the AdS/CFT duality correspondence even stronger indications have been given that higher spin gauge theories play an important role in fundamental physics. All these issues were discussed at an international workshop in Singapore in November 2015 where the leading scientists in the field participated. This volume presents an up-to-date, detailed overview of the theories i...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
戴红霞
2014-01-01
实训基地是为学生提供岗位技能训练，保证学生掌握一定职业技能的场所，是高职教育的基本硬件，其建设水平的高低直接影响着高职院校的教学质量与水平。结合我院中央财政重点支持建设专业钻井技术，对实训基地的运行模式进行创新实践。%The training base is to provide job skills training for students, to master a certain occupation skill place, is the basic hardware of higher vocational education, its construction level directly affects the quality of teaching and the level of higher vocational institutions. Combined with the central finance to support the construction of professional focus drilling technique, to carry on the innovation practice of operation mode.
Argyros, S A; Tyros, K
2012-01-01
We introduce the higher order spreading models associated to a Banach space $X$. Their definition is based on $\\ff$-sequences $(x_s)_{s\\in\\ff}$ with $\\ff$ a regular thin family and the plegma families. We show that the higher order spreading models of a Banach space $X$ form an increasing transfinite hierarchy $(\\mathcal{SM}_\\xi(X))_{\\xi<\\omega_1}$. Each $\\mathcal{SM}_\\xi (X)$ contains all spreading models generated by $\\ff$-sequences $(x_s)_{s\\in\\ff}$ with order of $\\ff$ equal to $\\xi$. We also provide a study of the fundamental properties of the hierarchy.
Bridges, Ann
2016-01-01
The only book to support the compulsory Textual Analysis component of Advanced Higher English. Written by subject experts, this book contains short extracts of prose fiction, non-fiction, poetry and drama with analysis and commentary to assist students' understanding and their ability to critically assess their reading of literature. Short writing tasks, linked to the analysis of particular techniques, help to develop aspects of creative writing skills. The Textual Analysis component forms a compulsory section of the Advanced Higher English syllabus and accounts for 20% of the final grade;
Cunningham, Carolyn
2015-01-01
A comprehensive working guide to the the Critical Reading section of Higher English for CfE - worth 40% of available marks in the exam!. Critical Reading (Scottish text questions and critical essay) is a very significant element of the new Higher English qualification. This book provides you with the support and advice you will need to succeed in this vital area, with a top expert guiding you through the course and suggesting approaches to the exam, so that you achieve the best grades you can. By focusing on specific examples of Scottish texts, this book enables you to increase your knowledge
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Surgeons Education Patients and Family Skills Programs Your Lung Operation Your Lung Operation DVD After Your Operation Back to Your Lung Operation Your Lung Operation DVD Welcome Your Lung ...
Financing Public Higher Education
Adams, Walter
1977-01-01
Argues that, contrary to popular belief, the demand for higher education in the United States has not declined, and suggests that if such a decline does occur, it will be a result of social and political priorities, rather than a result of natural and inexorable forces. Available from: Secretary, The American Economic Association, 1313 21st…
Marketing in Higher Education.
Hockenberger, Susan J.
Educational institutions must seek new approaches to institutional planning because of such factors as shrinking traditional college age populations, eroding grants, governmental and judicial incursion, the tightening economic belt, and concern over the relevance of education to modern day needs. The concept of marketing higher education is…
Creativity in Higher Education
Gaspar, Drazena; Mabic, Mirela
2015-01-01
The paper presents results of research related to perception of creativity in higher education made by the authors at the University of Mostar from Bosnia and Herzegovina. This research was based on a survey conducted among teachers and students at the University. The authors developed two types of questionnaires, one for teachers and the other…
Thompson, Dennis F.
1989-01-01
John Stuart Mill's principle of liberty is discussed with the view that it needs to be revised to guide moral judgments in higher education. Three key elements need to be modified: the action that is constrained; the constraint on the action; and the agent whose action is constrained. (MLW)
Unraveling Higher Education's Costs.
Gordon, Gus; Charles, Maria
1998-01-01
The activity-based costing (ABC) method of analyzing institutional costs in higher education involves four procedures: determining the various discrete activities of the organization; calculating the cost of each; determining the cost drivers; tracing cost to the cost objective or consumer of each activity. Few American institutions have used the…
Fazio, Linda S.
1988-01-01
The concept of "futurism" in higher education program planning, self-study and goal setting is taking on increasing significance. Two research techniques for "futures forecasting" are discussed: the Delphi and the Scenario. These techniques have been used successfully in institutional self-study and program evaluation.…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
N.V. Provozin
2011-03-01
Full Text Available The article discusses the features advertising higher education institution. The analysis results of marketing research students for their choice of institutions and further study. Principles of the advertising campaign on three levels: the university, the faculty, the separate department.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Bandaru, Sunith; Tutum, Cem Celal; Deb, Kalyanmoy;
2011-01-01
we introduce the higher-level innovization task through an application of a manufacturing process simulation for the Friction Stir Welding (FSW) process where commonalities among two different Pareto-optimal fronts are analyzed. Multiple design rules are simultaneously deciphered from each front...
Consumer Markets & Higher Education.
Zemsky, Robert
1993-01-01
It is proposed that one external force, consumerism, is determining what happens in colleges and universities. The new market for higher education is dominated by students who make choices in a very different way from traditional students. Current students seek credentials and want practical knowledge in an easily consumed package. (MSE)
Thompson, Dennis F.
1989-01-01
John Stuart Mill's principle of liberty is discussed with the view that it needs to be revised to guide moral judgments in higher education. Three key elements need to be modified: the action that is constrained; the constraint on the action; and the agent whose action is constrained. (MLW)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jorge Luis Dahik Cabrera
2016-06-01
Full Text Available This review determines the factors that should involve the current education from a university pedagogy that addresses sociological, psychological, axiological, cultural and economic conditions; also highlighting the skills to be addressed by the teacher in the knowledge society and the relevant number of functions that higher education institutions should be attributed it.
The Army in Multinational Operations
2010-05-01
intelligence analysts. Federal Bureau of Investigation agents have worked with military members conducting forensic analysis of explosions...are contained within the capabilities of each higher level. A preventive dentistry program can be provided in the theater of operations. REQUIRED
On higher Poisson and Koszul--Schouten brackets
Bruce, Andrew James
2009-01-01
In this note we show how to construct a homotopy BV-algebra on the algebra of differential forms over a higher Poisson manifold. The Lie derivative along the higher Poisson structure provides the generating operator.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Pruvost, N.; Tsitouras, J.
1981-03-18
The objectives of Operation Poorman were to design and build a portable seismic system and to set up and use this system in a cold-weather environment. The equipment design uses current technology to achieve a low-power, lightweight system that is configured into three modules. The system was deployed in Alaska during wintertime, and the results provide a basis for specifying a mission-ready seismic verification system.
2006-09-17
Unified Task Force (UNITAF) Somalia was formed with forces from France, Italy, Canada, Belgium, Egypt , Turkey, Saudi Arabia, and the United States...military presence, open-source intelligence ( OSINT ) may be the best immediately available information to prepare US forces to operate in a foreign...country. OSINT from radio broadcasts, newspapers, and periodicals often provide tip-offs for HUMINT and other intelligence and information collection
Generalized Higher Gauge Theory
Ritter, Patricia; Schmidt, Lennart
2015-01-01
We study a generalization of higher gauge theory which makes use of generalized geometry and seems to be closely related to double field theory. The local kinematical data of this theory is captured by morphisms of graded manifolds between the canonical exact Courant Lie 2-algebroid $TM\\oplus T^*M$ over some manifold $M$ and a semistrict gauge Lie 2-algebra. We discuss generalized curvatures and their infinitesimal gauge transformations. Finite gauge transformation as well as global kinematical data are then obtained from principal 2-bundles over 2-spaces. As dynamical principle, we consider first the canonical Chern-Simons action for such a gauge theory. We then show that a previously proposed 3-Lie algebra model for the six-dimensional (2,0) theory is very naturally interpreted as a generalized higher gauge theory.
Higher Education in Scandinavia
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Jørgen Lerche; Andreasen, Lars Birch
2015-01-01
Higher education systems around the world have been undergoing fundamental changes through the last 50 years from more narrow self-sustaining universities for the elite and into mass universities, where new groups of students have been recruited and the number of students enrolled has increased d...... an impact on the educational systems in Scandinavia, and what possible futures can be envisioned?......Higher education systems around the world have been undergoing fundamental changes through the last 50 years from more narrow self-sustaining universities for the elite and into mass universities, where new groups of students have been recruited and the number of students enrolled has increased...... dramatically. In adjusting to the role of being a mass educational institution, universities have been challenged on how to cope with external pressures, such as forces of globalization and international markets, increased national and international competition for students and research grants, increased...
Navigating in higher education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Thingholm, Hanne Balsby; Reimer, David; Keiding, Tina Bering
Denne rapport er skrevet på baggrund af spørgeskemaundersøgelsen – Navigating in Higher Education (NiHE) – der rummer besvarelser fra 1410 bachelorstuderende og 283 undervisere fordelt på ni uddannelser fra Aarhus Universitet: Uddannelsesvidenskab, Historie, Nordisk sprog og litteratur, Informati......Denne rapport er skrevet på baggrund af spørgeskemaundersøgelsen – Navigating in Higher Education (NiHE) – der rummer besvarelser fra 1410 bachelorstuderende og 283 undervisere fordelt på ni uddannelser fra Aarhus Universitet: Uddannelsesvidenskab, Historie, Nordisk sprog og litteratur......, Informationsteknologi, Biologi, Fysik, Medicin, Odontologi og Folkesundhedsvidenskab. NiHE undersøgelsen er gennemført i efteråret 2015 og vinter 2016, og den har til formål at generere data til almen undervisningsudvikling og rummer derfor både faglige, sociale og personlige perspektiver på undervisning....
Higher Education Language Policy
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Lauridsen, Karen M.
2013-01-01
Summary of recommendations HEIs are encouraged, within the framework of their own societal context, mission, vision and strategies, to develop the aims and objectives of a Higher Education Language Policy (HELP) that allows them to implement these strategies. In this process, they may want......: As the first step in a Higher Education Language Policy, HEIs should determine the relative status and use of the languages employed in the institution, taking into consideration the answers to the following questions: What is/are the official language(s) of the HEI? What is/are the language...... and the level of internationalisation the HEI has or wants to have, and as a direct implication of that, what are the language proficiency levels expected from the graduates of these programme? Given the profile of the HEI and its educational strategies, which language components are to be offered within...
Florakis, Ioannis; Tsulaia, Mirian
2014-01-01
We consider the Sp(2n) invariant formulation of higher spin fields on flat and curved backgrounds of constant curvature.In this formulation an infinite number of higher spin fields are packed into single scalar and spinor master fields (hyperfields) propagating on extended spaces, to be called hyperspaces, parametrized by tensorial coordinates.We show that the free field equations on flat and AdS-like hyperspaces are related to each other by a generalized conformal transformation of the scalar and spinor master fields. We compute the four--point functions on a flat hyperspace for both scalar and spinor master fields, thus extending the two-- and three--point function results of arXiv:hep-th/0312244. Then using the generalized conformal transformation we derive two--, three-- and four--point functions on AdS--like hyperspace from the corresponding correlators on the flat hyperspace.
Drug addiction, love, and the higher power.
Sussman, Steve; Reynaud, Michel; Aubin, Henri-Jean; Leventhal, Adam M
2011-09-01
This discussion piece suggests that reliance on a Higher Power in drug abuse recovery programs is entertained among some addicts for its psychobiological effects. Prayer, meditation, early romantic love, and drug abuse may have in common activation of mesolimbic dopaminergic pathways of the brain and the generation of intense emotional states. In this sense, reliance on a Higher Power may operate as a substitute addiction, which replaces the psychobiological functions formerly served by drug use. Implications of this perspective are discussed.
Special Operations Research Topics 2016
2015-01-01
maintain SOF buying power and establish 10 Special Operations Research Topics 2016 Please send your completed research papers on these topics to the...higher value? As the millennial genera- tion and subsequent generations increasingly rely on social media to connect, how will this impact the safety... buy 48 Special Operations Research Topics 2016 Please send your completed research papers on these topics to the JSOU Center for Special Operations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Ernst, Erik
2003-01-01
. Finally, it must be possible to write generic code that works on every hierarchy derived from the hierarchy for which it was written. This paper presents a language design that supports such a notion of higher-order hierarchies. It has been implemented in context of a full-fledged, statically typed...... be possible to create hierarchies incrementally based on existing hierarchies, such that commonalities are expressed via reuse, not duplication. Second, the hierarchies must themselves be organized into hierarchies, such that their relationships are made explicit and can be exploited in a type safe manner...... language....
Higher engineering mathematics
John Bird
2014-01-01
A practical introduction to the core mathematics principles required at higher engineering levelJohn Bird's approach to mathematics, based on numerous worked examples and interactive problems, is ideal for vocational students that require an advanced textbook.Theory is kept to a minimum, with the emphasis firmly placed on problem-solving skills, making this a thoroughly practical introduction to the advanced mathematics engineering that students need to master. The extensive and thorough topic coverage makes this an ideal text for upper level vocational courses. Now in
Higher Education in Scandinavia
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Jørgen Lerche; Andreasen, Lars Birch
2015-01-01
dramatically. In adjusting to the role of being a mass educational institution, universities have been challenged on how to cope with external pressures, such as forces of globalization and international markets, increased national and international competition for students and research grants, increased...... an impact on the educational systems in Scandinavia, and what possible futures can be envisioned?......Higher education systems around the world have been undergoing fundamental changes through the last 50 years from more narrow self-sustaining universities for the elite and into mass universities, where new groups of students have been recruited and the number of students enrolled has increased...
Higher Education in Scandinavia
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Jørgen Lerche; Andreasen, Lars Birch
2015-01-01
Higher education systems around the world have been undergoing fundamental changes through the last 50 years from more narrow self-sustaining universities for the elite and into mass universities, where new groups of students have been recruited and the number of students enrolled has increased...... dramatically. In adjusting to the role of being a mass educational institution, universities have been challenged on how to cope with external pressures, such as forces of globalization and international markets, increased national and international competition for students and research grants, increased...... an impact on the educational systems in Scandinavia, and what possible futures can be envisioned?...
CERN Bulletin
2010-01-01
Over the past 2 weeks, commissioning of the machine protection system has advanced significantly, opening up the possibility of higher intensity collisions at 3.5 TeV. The intensity has been increased from 2 bunches of 1010 protons to 6 bunches of 2x1010 protons. Luminosities of 6x1028 cm-2s-1 have been achieved at the start of fills, a factor of 60 higher than those provided for the first collisions on 30 March. The recent increase in LHC luminosity as recorded by the experiments. (Graph courtesy of the experiments and M. Ferro-Luzzi) To increase the luminosity further, the commissioning crews are now trying to push up the intensity of the individual proton bunches. After the successful injection of nominal intensity bunches containing 1.1x1011 protons, collisions were subsequently achieved at 450 GeV with these intensities. However, half-way through the first ramping of these nominal intensity bunches to 3.5 TeV on 15 May, a beam instability was observed, leading to partial beam loss...
Higher Order and Fractional Diffusive Equations
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
D. Assante
2015-07-01
Full Text Available We discuss the solution of various generalized forms of the Heat Equation, by means of different tools ranging from the use of Hermite-Kampé de Fériet polynomials of higher and fractional order to operational techniques. We show that these methods are useful to obtain either numerical or analytical solutions.
Higher Education: New Models, New Rules
Soares, Louis; Eaton, Judith S.; Smith, Burck
2013-01-01
The Internet enables new models. In the commercial world, for example, we have eBay, Amazon.com, and Netflix. These new models operate with a different set of rules than do traditional models. New models are emerging in higher education as well--for example, competency-based programs. In addition, courses that are being provided from outside the…
Higher Education: New Models, New Rules
Soares, Louis; Eaton, Judith S.; Smith, Burck
2013-01-01
The Internet enables new models. In the commercial world, for example, we have eBay, Amazon.com, and Netflix. These new models operate with a different set of rules than do traditional models. New models are emerging in higher education as well--for example, competency-based programs. In addition, courses that are being provided from outside the…
Higher Education Governance and Management: Australia.
Meek, V. Lynn; Wood, Fiona Q.
1998-01-01
A survey of Australian university administrators examined issues and problems in university operations in the 1990s, following extensive reforms in the Australian higher education system. The survey investigated such factors as decision-making structures, characteristics of management practice, external influences on governance and management,…
Sustainability in Higher Education in Atlantic Canada
Beringer, Almut; Wright, Tarah; Malone, Leslie
2008-01-01
Purpose: The purpose is to ascertain the state of sustainability in higher education (SHE) in Atlantic Canada (sustainability education/curriculum; research and scholarship; operations; faculty/staff development and rewards; community outreach and service; student opportunities; and institutional mission, structure and planning).…
Dispersed Web Content Management in Higher Education
Arendt, Anne; Gerber, Nathan
2009-01-01
Higher education institutions often have large, complex websites, necessitated by the many services, divisions, and areas involved in campus operations. The fall 2008 enrollment at Utah Valley University (UVU), for example, was 26,696 students in over 50 different degree areas. UVU also has 1,455 full-time staff and another 3,285 part-time staff.…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2011-01-01
A ship from China’s State Oceanic Administration (SOA) evaluates ConocoPhillips’s clean-up efforts in the Bohai Bay on September 2.That day, the SOA ordered the U.S. oil giant to cease all operations on the Penglai 19-3 Oilfield after the company failed to plug leaks in the oilfield by the administration’s August 31 deadline.The oil leaking from the oilfield caused by ConocoPhillips at the Penglai 19-3 Oilfield in the Bohai Bay was first spotted in June. The oil has since spread to beaches in China’s Hebei and Liaoning provinces, causing huge losses in the provinces’ tourism and aquatic farming industries.On September 7, ConocoPhillips said it will establish a fund to compensate victims of the oil spill in line with Chinese laws and to benefit the general environment of the Bohai Bay.
A Distributed Leadership Change Process Model for Higher Education
Jones, Sandra; Harvey, Marina
2017-01-01
The higher education sector operates in an increasingly complex global environment that is placing it under considerable stress and resulting in widespread change to the operating context and leadership of higher education institutions. The outcome has been the increased likelihood of conflict between academics and senior leaders, presaging the…
Restructuring Chinese Higher Education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Fang Zhao
1998-02-01
Full Text Available In this article, the current remarkable trend of institutional amalgamation and the establishment of cross-institutional consortiums in China are examined. The principal purpose of this study is to explore policy options on issues connected with the trend and the significant implications of the trend for the future development of higher education in China. I discuss the outstanding issues raised in the restructuring, the main factors behind them and proposes policy options to redress the adversities of the trend at the end. The article draws on national data as well as a case study. The research reported here is constructive for comparative and empirical research of similar issues in international perspectives.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sannino, Francesco
2010-01-01
We uncover novel solutions of the 't Hooft anomaly matching conditions for scalarless gauge theories with matter transforming according to higher dimensional representations of the underlying gauge group. We argue that, if the duals exist, they are gauge theories with fermions transforming...... according to the defining representation of the dual gauge group. The resulting conformal windows match the one stemming from the all-orders beta function results when taking the anomalous dimension of the fermion mass to be unity which are also very close to the ones obtained using the Schwinger......-Dyson approximation. We use the solutions to gain useful insight on the conformal window of the associated electric theory. A consistent picture emerges corroborating previous results obtained via different analytic methods and in agreement with first principle lattice explorations....
Experimental higher dimensional entanglement
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Richart, Daniel L.; Wieczorek, Witlef; Weinfurter, Harald [MPI fuer Quantenoptik, Hans Kopfermannstr. 1, 85748 Garching (Germany); Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet, Schellingstr. 4, D-80797 Muenchen (Germany)
2009-07-01
Higher dimensional states (qudits) allow to implement quantum communication schemes of increasing complexity, as e.g. superdense coding. Similarly, qudits allow further research into the fundaments of quantum theory. Here we report on first steps towards the implementation of states with correlated photon pairs in a 2 x 8 dimensional Hilbert space. To this end the photon pairs are prepared in the energy-time basis, as initially proposed in: Using unbalanced interferometers, information can be encoded in the different arrival times of the photon pairs, early and late, as was experimentally realized in. Here, we extend this scheme by proposing and characterizing a scalable multiple time delay interferometer. This interferometer system allows an exponential increase in the dimensionality of the entangled state with only a linear increase in the optical components used. Using the proposed interferometer system, first experimental tests on a two-dimensional state yielded a violation of a Bell inequality by four standard deviations.
Pontrjagin, Lev Semenovič
1984-01-01
Lev Semenovic Pontrjagin (1908) is one of the outstanding figures in 20th century mathematics. In a long career he has made fundamental con tributions to many branches of mathematics, both pure and applied. He has received every honor that a grateful government can bestow. Though in no way constrained to do so, he has through the years taught mathematics courses at Moscow State University. In the year 1975 he set himself the task of writing a series of books on secondary school and beginning university mathematics. In his own words, "I wished to set forth the foundations of higher mathematics in a form that would have been accessible to myself as a lad, but making use of all my experience as a scientist and a teacher, ac cumulated over many years. " The present volume is a translation of the first two out of four moderately sized volumes on this theme planned by Pro fessor Pontrjagin. The book begins at the beginning of modern mathematics, analytic ge ometry in the plane and 3-dimensional space. Refin...
Sangster, A G; Hodson, M J
1986-01-01
Opaline silica deposits are formed by many vascular (higher) plants. The capacity of these plants for silica absorption varies considerably according to genotype and environment. Plant communities exchange silica between soil and vegetation, especially in warmer climates. Silica deposition in epidermal cell walls offers mechanical and protective advantages. Biogenic silica particles from plants are also implicated in the causation of cancer. Recent techniques are reviewed which may aid in the identification of plant pathways for soluble silica movement to deposition sites and in the determination of ionic environments. Botanical investigations have focused on silicification of cell walls in relation to plant development, using scanning and transmission electron microscopy combined with X-ray microanalysis. Silica deposition in macrohair walls of the lemma of canary grass (Phalaris) begins at inflorescence emergence and closely follows wall thickening. The structure of the deposited silica may be determined by specific organic polymers present at successive stages of wall development. Lowering of transpiration by enclosure of Phalaris inflorescences in plastic bags reduced silica deposition in macrohairs. Preliminary freeze-substitution studies have located silicon, as well as potassium and chloride, in the cell vacuole and wall deposition sites during initial silicification.
Chromosomal replicons of higher plants
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Van' t Hof, J.
1987-03-16
This brief discussion of replicons of higher plants offers a glimpse into the properties of chromosomal DNA replication. It gives evidence that the S phase of unrelated plant species is comprised of temporally ordered replicon families that increase in number with genome size. This orderly process, which assures a normal inheritance of genetic material to recipient daughter cells, is maintained at the level of replicon clusters by two mutually exclusive mechanisms, one involving the rate at which single replicons replicate their allotment of DNA, and another by means of the tempo-pause. The same two mechanisms are used by cells to alter the pattern of chromosomal DNA replication just prior to and during normal development. Both mechanisms are genetically determined and produce genetic effects when disturbed of disrupted by additional non-conforming DNAs. Further insight into how these two mechanisms operate requires more molecular information about the nature of replicons and the factors that govern when a replicon family replicates. Plant material is a rich and ideal source for this information just awaiting exploitation. 63 refs.
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Safety Resources About the Patient Education Program The Recovery Room Choosing Wisely Educational Programs Educational Programs Educational ... Lung Operation After Your Operation Your Discharge and Recovery Complete Video After Your Operation Guidance for after ...
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... and Safety Conference MBSAQIP News Contact Us ... College of Surgeons Education Patients and Family Skills Programs Your Lung Operation Your Lung Operation DVD After Your Operation ...
Operator theory, operator algebras and applications
Lebre, Amarino; Samko, Stefan; Spitkovsky, Ilya
2014-01-01
This book consists of research papers that cover the scientific areas of the International Workshop on Operator Theory, Operator Algebras and Applications, held in Lisbon in September 2012. The volume particularly focuses on (i) operator theory and harmonic analysis (singular integral operators with shifts; pseudodifferential operators, factorization of almost periodic matrix functions; inequalities; Cauchy type integrals; maximal and singular operators on generalized Orlicz-Morrey spaces; the Riesz potential operator; modification of Hadamard fractional integro-differentiation), (ii) operator algebras (invertibility in groupoid C*-algebras; inner endomorphisms of some semi group, crossed products; C*-algebras generated by mappings which have finite orbits; Folner sequences in operator algebras; arithmetic aspect of C*_r SL(2); C*-algebras of singular integral operators; algebras of operator sequences) and (iii) mathematical physics (operator approach to diffraction from polygonal-conical screens; Poisson geo...
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... to Participate Resources Webinars for Young Surgeons YFA E-News Resident and Associate Society Resident and Associate ... ACS Leader International Exchange Scholar Program Resources RAS E-News Operation Giving Back Operation Giving Back Operation ...
Playing in Operations Management
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Laura Guitart-Tarrés
2017-06-01
Full Text Available The current model of competency-based learning requires new tools that allow students to develop these competencies and become active subjects of their learning (rather than passive receivers of a contents. Gamification or ludification is becoming an innovative trend in many areas, also in higher education. Games can provide a useful environment for students to acquire professional skills, a fact that is much more difficult to acquire through traditional learning methods. In that sense, this paper presents the experience of designing a game for Operations Management students.
Cognitive Style, Operativity, and Mathematics Achievement.
Roberge, James J.; Flexer, Barbara K.
1983-01-01
This study examined the effects of field dependence/independence and the level of operational development on the mathematics achievement of 450 students in grades 6-8. Field-independent students scored significantly higher on total mathematics, concepts, and problem-solving tests. High-operational students scored significantly higher on all tests.…
Operator estimates in homogenization theory
Zhikov, V. V.; Pastukhova, S. E.
2016-06-01
This paper gives a systematic treatment of two methods for obtaining operator estimates: the shift method and the spectral method. Though substantially different in mathematical technique and physical motivation, these methods produce basically the same results. Besides the classical formulation of the homogenization problem, other formulations of the problem are also considered: homogenization in perforated domains, the case of an unbounded diffusion matrix, non-self-adjoint evolution equations, and higher-order elliptic operators. Bibliography: 62 titles.
Higher Level Orderings on Modules
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Min WU; Guang Xing ZENG
2005-01-01
The aim of this paper is to investigate higher level orderings on modules over commutative rings. On the basis of the theory of higher level orderings on fields and commutative rings, some results involving existence of higher level orderings are generalized to the category of modules over commutative rings. Moreover, a strict intersection theorem for higher level orderings on modules is established.
Higher Spins as Rolling Tachyons in Open String Field Theory
Polyakov, Dimitri
2016-01-01
We find a simple analytic solution in open string field theory which, in the on-shell limit, generates a tower of higher spin vertex operators in bosonic string theory. The solution is related to irregular off-shell vertex operators for Gaiotto states. The wavefunctions for the irregular vertex operators are described by equations following from the cubic effective action for generalized rolling tachyons, indicating that the evolution from flat to collective higher-spin background in string field theory occurs according to cosmological pattern. We discuss the relation between nonlocalities of the rolling tachyon action and those of higher spin interactions.
The comprehensive training in Colombian higher education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rodolfo M. Posada Alvarez
2014-03-01
Full Text Available In this article the integral formation fundamental than action Under the new legislation and contemporary predicaments on education, knowledge and research education is analyzed. This training involves not only students but the entire university community, particularly teachers, whose reflective responsibility for their work should bring them to operate the pillars identified in education. Likewise Institutional factors that can ensure and strengthen the comprehensive training in higher education are analyzed: disciplinary integration, flexibility, innovation, leadership, participation, self-evaluation and accreditation.
On Butterfly effect in Higher Derivative Gravities
Alishahiha, Mohsen; Naseh, Ali; Taghavi, Seyed Farid
2016-01-01
We study butterfly effect in $D$-dimensional gravitational theories containing terms quadratic in Ricci scalar and Ricci tensor. One observes that due to higher order derivatives in the corresponding equations of motion there are two butterfly velocities. The velocities are determined by the dimension of operators whose sources are provided by the metric. The three dimensional TMG model is also studied where we get two butterfly velocities at generic point of the moduli space of parameters. At critical point two velocities coincide.
On butterfly effect in higher derivative gravities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Alishahiha, Mohsen [School of Physics, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM),P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Davody, Ali; Naseh, Ali; Taghavi, Seyed Farid [School of Particles and Accelerators, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences (IPM),P.O. Box 19395-5531, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)
2016-11-07
We study butterfly effect in D-dimensional gravitational theories containing terms quadratic in Ricci scalar and Ricci tensor. One observes that due to higher order derivatives in the corresponding equations of motion there are two butterfly velocities. The velocities are determined by the dimension of operators whose sources are provided by the metric. The three dimensional TMG model is also studied where we get two butterfly velocities at generic point of the moduli space of parameters. At critical point two velocities coincide.
Measurement of student satisfaction in higher education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Gajić Jelena
2011-01-01
Full Text Available Higher education institutions as equal participants in the contemporary market operations are intended to deliver value to its customers through improving the overall institutional performance. Factors and trends in the environment have a major impact on higher education and have significant implications for the quality of educational services. For many institutions of higher education, student satisfaction has remained 'trapped' in the departments where the acceptance and enrollment of freshmen was taking place. But the appearance of the Bologna Declaration initiated the need for the existence of a model of student satisfaction in order to control rates of student satisfaction (regarding education services, institutions, relationships, marketing and alumni activities. The quality of educational services through students' satisfaction and attitudes can be monitored by different methods / models of student satisfaction. The method of interviewing is the most common, but modern models suggest the need for consideration of various factors and aspects simultaneously.
Higher Education and Public Good
Marginson, Simon
2011-01-01
Policy debate about whether to maintain public subsidies for higher education has stimulated reconsideration of the public mission of higher education institutions, especially those that provide student places conferring private benefits. If the work of higher education institutions is defined simply as the aggregation of private interests, this…
Higher Education in Latin America.
Romeao, Jose Raymundo Martins
2003-01-01
Presents an analysis of, and proposals for, international cooperation in higher education. Focuses on Latin American higher education, its current situation, and the expected transformation of the goals of higher education in the context of international cooperation. Describes the challenges that globalization poses to Latin American higher…
Internationalization of Chinese Higher Education
Chen, Linhan; Huang, Danyan
2013-01-01
This paper probes into the development of internationalization of higher education in China from ancient times to modern times, including the emergence of international connections in Chinese higher education and the subsequent development of such connections, the further development of internationalization of Chinese higher education, and the…
Blumenstyk, Goldie
2012-01-01
Higher education pays off handsomely for society. Yet on a nationwide basis, states' support for higher education per full-time-equivalent student has fallen to just $6,290, the lowest in 15 years. A dedicated source of funds for higher education is problematic. But what if state and federal lawmakers applied the impeccable logic of the gas tax to…
Higher Education Studies in Japan
Kaneko, Motohisa
2010-01-01
The rapid development of higher education in the postwar period has given rise to various problems, and higher education studies in Japan have developed in response to them. What have been the major issues, and how did academic research respond to them, in postwar Japan? This article delineates an outline of higher education studies in general,…
RHIC Polarized proton operation
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Huang, H.; Ahrens, L.; Alekseev, I.G.; Aschenauer, E.; Atoian, G.; Bai, M.; Bazilevsky, A.; Blaskiewicz, M.; Brennan, J.M.; Brown, K.A.; Bruno, D.; Connolly, R.; Dion, A.; D' Ottavio, T.; Drees, K.A.; Fischer, W.; Gardner, C.; Glenn, J.W.; Gu, X.; Harvey, M.; Hayes, T.; Hoff, L.; Hulsart, R.L.; Laster, J.; Liu, C.; Luo, Y.; MacKay, W.W.; Makdisi, Y.; Marr, G.J.; Marusic, A.; Meot, F.; Mernick, K.; Michnoff, R,; Minty, M.; Montag, C.; Morris, J.; Nemesure, S.; Poblaguev, A.; Ptitsyn, V.; Ranjibar, V.; Robert-Demolaize, G.; Roser, T.; J.; Severino, F.; Schmidke, B.; Schoefer, V.; Severino, F.; Smirnov, D.; Smith, K.; Steski, D.; Svirida, D.; Tepikian, S.; Trbojevic, D.; Tsoupas, N.; Tuozzolo, J. Wang, G.; Wilinski, M.; Yip, K.; Zaltsman, A.; Zelenski, A.; Zeno, K.; Zhang, S.Y.
2011-03-28
The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) operation as the polarized proton collider presents unique challenges since both luminosity(L) and spin polarization(P) are important. With longitudinally polarized beams at the experiments, the figure of merit is LP{sup 4}. A lot of upgrades and modifications have been made since last polarized proton operation. A 9 MHz rf system is installed to improve longitudinal match at injection and to increase luminosity. The beam dump was upgraded to increase bunch intensity. A vertical survey of RHIC was performed before the run to get better magnet alignment. The orbit control is also improved this year. Additional efforts are put in to improve source polarization and AGS polarization transfer efficiency. To preserve polarization on the ramp, a new working point is chosen such that the vertical tune is near a third order resonance. The overview of the changes and the operation results are presented in this paper. Siberian snakes are essential tools to preserve polarization when accelerating polarized beams to higher energy. At the same time, the higher order resonances still can cause polarization loss. As seen in RHIC, the betatron tune has to be carefully set and maintained on the ramp and during the store to avoid polarization loss. In addition, the orbit control is also critical to preserve polarization. The higher polarization during this run comes from several improvements over last run. First we have a much better orbit on the ramp. The orbit feedback brings down the vertical rms orbit error to 0.1mm, much better than the 0.5mm last run. With correct BPM offset and vertical realignment, this rms orbit error is indeed small. Second, the jump quads in the AGS improved input polarization for RHIC. Third, the vertical tune was pushed further away from 7/10 snake resonance. The tune feedback maintained the tune at the desired value through the ramp. To calibrate the analyzing power of RHIC polarimeters at any energy above
Higher-Stage Noether Identities and Second Noether Theorems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G. Sardanashvily
2015-01-01
Noether theorems associate with the above-mentioned Koszul–Tate complex a certain cochain sequence whose ascent operator consists of the gauge and higher-order gauge symmetries of a Lagrangian system. If gauge symmetries are algebraically closed, this operator is extended to the nilpotent BRST operator which brings the above-mentioned cochain sequence into the BRST complex and provides a BRST extension of an original Lagrangian.
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... in Trauma Surgery Advanced Trauma Life Support Verification, Review, and Consultation Program for Hospitals Trauma Systems Consultation ... Your Operation Guidance for after the operation including review of attached equipment and ways for you to ...
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Scholar Program Resources RAS E-News RAS-JACS Journal Club Medical Students Operation Giving Back Operation Giving ... Conference Schedule Conference App Conference Objectives Claim CME Credits Claim CNE Credits Keynote Speaker 2017 Presentations Education ...
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Scholar Program Resources RAS E-News RAS-JACS Journal Club Medical Students Operation Giving Back Operation Giving ... the ACS Catalog Find a Product Contribute Education Journal of the American College of Surgeons About JACS ...
Poly-infix operators and operator families
Bergstra, Jan A.; Ponse, Alban
2015-01-01
Poly-infix operators and operator families are introduced as an alternative for working modulo associativity and the corresponding bracket deletion convention. Poly-infix operators represent the basic intuition of repetitively connecting an ordered sequence of entities with the same connecting primitive.
On higher holonomy invariants in higher gauge theory I
Zucchini, Roberto
2015-01-01
This is the first of a series of two technical papers devoted to the analysis of holonomy invariants in strict higher gauge theory with end applications in higher Chern--Simons theory. For a flat 2--connection, we define the 2-holonomy of surface knots of arbitrary genus and determine its covariance properties under 1--gauge transformation and change of base data.
Operating systems. [of computers
Denning, P. J.; Brown, R. L.
1984-01-01
A counter operating system creates a hierarchy of levels of abstraction, so that at a given level all details concerning lower levels can be ignored. This hierarchical structure separates functions according to their complexity, characteristic time scale, and level of abstraction. The lowest levels include the system's hardware; concepts associated explicitly with the coordination of multiple tasks appear at intermediate levels, which conduct 'primitive processes'. Software semaphore is the mechanism controlling primitive processes that must be synchronized. At higher levels lie, in rising order, the access to the secondary storage devices of a particular machine, a 'virtual memory' scheme for managing the main and secondary memories, communication between processes by way of a mechanism called a 'pipe', access to external input and output devices, and a hierarchy of directories cataloguing the hardware and software objects to which access must be controlled.
The Cauchy problem for higher order abstract differential equations
Xiao, Ti-Jun
1998-01-01
This monograph is the first systematic exposition of the theory of the Cauchy problem for higher order abstract linear differential equations, which covers all the main aspects of the developed theory. The main results are complete with detailed proofs and established recently, containing the corresponding theorems for first and incomplete second order cases and therefore for operator semigroups and cosine functions. They will find applications in many fields. The special power of treating the higher order problems directly is demonstrated, as well as that of the vector-valued Laplace transforms in dealing with operator differential equations and operator families. The reader is expected to have a knowledge of complex and functional analysis.
The Dot.xxx Challenge to Higher Education.
Graves, William H.
2000-01-01
Describes some of the dimensions of the "e-cology" of Internet-based "e-Learning" in higher education. Discusses e-Learning service and operating dimensions; higher education's challenge to balance virtual and traditional educational delivery; instructor-led and instructor-less learning; the roles of content and instructor in instructor-led…
Big Data and Analytics in Higher Education: Opportunities and Challenges
Daniel, Ben
2015-01-01
Institutions of higher education are operating in an increasingly complex and competitive environment. This paper identifies contemporary challenges facing institutions of higher education worldwide and explores the potential of Big Data in addressing these challenges. The paper then outlines a number of opportunities and challenges associated…
Big Data and Analytics in Higher Education: Opportunities and Challenges
Daniel, Ben
2015-01-01
Institutions of higher education are operating in an increasingly complex and competitive environment. This paper identifies contemporary challenges facing institutions of higher education worldwide and explores the potential of Big Data in addressing these challenges. The paper then outlines a number of opportunities and challenges associated…
Space station operations management
Cannon, Kathleen V.
1989-01-01
Space Station Freedom operations management concepts must be responsive to the unique challenges presented by the permanently manned international laboratory. Space Station Freedom will be assembled over a three year period where the operational environment will change as significant capability plateaus are reached. First Element Launch, Man-Tended Capability, and Permanent Manned Capability, represent milestones in operational capability that is increasing toward mature operations capability. Operations management concepts are being developed to accomodate the varying operational capabilities during assembly, as well as the mature operational environment. This paper describes operations management concepts designed to accomodate the uniqueness of Space Station Freedoom, utilizing tools and processes that seek to control operations costs.
The complex of looped diagrams and natural operations on Hochschild homology
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Klamt, Angela
In this thesis natural operations on the (higher) Hochschild complex of a given family of algebras are investigated. We give a description of all formal operations (in the sense of Wahl) for the class of commutative algebras using Loday's lambda operation, Connes' boundary operator and shue produ...... of formal operations on Hochschild homology to higher Hochschild homology. We also generalize statements about the formal operations and give smaller models for the formal operations on higher Hochschild homology in certain cases....
Microprocessor based systems for the higher technician
Vears, RE
2013-01-01
Microprocessor Based Systems for the Higher Technician provides coverage of the BTEC level 4 unit in Microprocessor Based Systems (syllabus U80/674). This book is composed of 10 chapters and concentrates on the development of 8-bit microcontrollers specifically constructed around the Z80 microprocessor. The design cycle for the development of such a microprocessor based system and the use of a disk-based development system (MDS) as an aid to design are both described in detail. The book deals with the Control Program Monitor (CP/M) operating system and gives background information on file hand
Higher Order Equations and Constituent Fields
Barci, D. G.; Bollini, C. G.; Oxman, L. E.; Rocca, M.
We consider a simple wave equation of fourth degree in the D'Alembertian operator. It contains the main ingredients of a general Lorentz-invariant higher order equation, namely, a normal bradyonic sector, a tachyonic state and a pair of complex conjugate modes. The propagators are respectively the Feynman causal function and three Wheeler-Green functions (half-advanced and half-retarded). The latter are Lorentz-invariant and consistent with the elimination of tachyons and complex modes from free asymptotic states. We also verify the absence of absorptive parts from convolutions involving Wheeler propagators.
Higher Education, Poverty and Development
Tilak, Jandhyala B. G.
2010-01-01
There is a presumption among many policy makers that higher education is not necessary for economic growth and development; it is literacy and basic education and at best secondary education that are argued to be important. Estimates of internal rate of return contributed to strengthening of such a presumption. Accordingly, higher education has…
History of American Higher Education
McCarthy, Margaret Cain
2011-01-01
"History of American Higher Education" documents the fascinating evolution of American colleges and universities, touching on the historical events that shaped them, from the colonial era through the early twenty-first century. Throughout history, higher education has played an important role in the transmission of cultural identity from one…
Higher Education, Employability and Competitiveness
Pavlin, Samo; Svetlicic, Marjan
2012-01-01
This paper studies the relationship between competitiveness and higher education systems in Europe. It explores whether more competitive countries have developed more labour-market-oriented systems of higher education (HE) that thereby give their graduates greater short term employability potential. Based on and a large-scale survey among 45.000…
Higher Education, Poverty and Development
Tilak, Jandhyala B. G.
2010-01-01
There is a presumption among many policy makers that higher education is not necessary for economic growth and development; it is literacy and basic education and at best secondary education that are argued to be important. Estimates of internal rate of return contributed to strengthening of such a presumption. Accordingly, higher education has…
Higher Education, Employability and Competitiveness
Pavlin, Samo; Svetlicic, Marjan
2012-01-01
This paper studies the relationship between competitiveness and higher education systems in Europe. It explores whether more competitive countries have developed more labour-market-oriented systems of higher education (HE) that thereby give their graduates greater short term employability potential. Based on and a large-scale survey among 45.000…
Higher Education and Social Commitment.
Nasution, S.; Virasai, Banphot, Eds.
The proceedings of the Regional Institute of Higher Education and Development's seminar and the meaning and implications of social commitment in higher education are reported. The welcoming address (S. Nasution) and the opening address (Y. B. Dato' Murad bin Mohd. Noor) welcome the participants and set the tone for the discussions to follow. The…
Innovations in Higher Education? Hah!
Kirschner, Ann
2012-01-01
One can hardly mention higher education today without hearing the word "innovation," or its understudies "change," "reinvention," "transformation." Last summer the National Governors Association opened its meeting with a plenary session on higher education, innovation, and economic growth. But there is nothing funny about the need for innovation…
Higher Education and School Reform.
Clark, Shirley M.
1993-01-01
Higher education has related asynchronously to recent cycles in social movements affecting school reform. Current efforts in Oregon illustrate this pattern in public colleges. Although higher education is not likely to overcome its skepticism of reform dynamics, there is both reason and potential for promising alliances with schools. (Author/MSE)
The Marketing of Higher Education.
Brooker, George; Noble, Michael
1985-01-01
Formal college and university marketing programs are challenging to develop and implement because of the complexity of the marketing mix, the perceived inappropriateness of a traditional marketing officer, the number of diverse groups with input, the uniqueness of higher education institutions, and the difficulty in identifying higher education…
Exploring Higher Education Financing Options
Nkrumah-Young, Kofi K.; Powell, Philip
2011-01-01
Higher education can be financed privately, financed by governments, or shared. Given that the benefits of education accrue to the individual and the state, many governments opt for shared financing. This article examines the underpinnings of different options for financing higher education and develops a model to compare conditions to choices and…
Globalisation and Higher Education Research.
Beerkens, Eric
2003-01-01
Attempts to identify the various interpretations of globalization in general, as well as in higher education research. Identifies four different conceptualizations and broad topics in the field: the changing nature of international linkages, government authority over higher education, threats to diversity, and the loss of national identities. (EV)
Latino Males in Higher Education
Excelencia in Education, 2016
2016-01-01
This 2016 fact sheet profiles the status of Latino males in higher education, providing information on population, college enrollment, and educational attainment. While college enrollment among Latino males continues to increase, they still lag behind Latino females in college enrollment--a disparity that increases as the level of higher education…
Disruptive Technologies in Higher Education
Flavin, Michael
2012-01-01
This paper analyses the role of "disruptive" innovative technologies in higher education. In this country and elsewhere, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) have invested significant sums in learning technologies, with Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) being more or less universal, but these technologies have not been universally…
Feminist Research in Higher Education
Ropers-Huilman, Rebecca; Winters, Kelly T.
2011-01-01
This essay provides an overview of feminist methodology and its potential to enhance the study of higher education. Foregrounding the multiple purposes and research relationships developed through feminist research, the essay urges higher education scholars to engage feminist theories, epistemologies, and methods to inform policy, research, and…
History of American Higher Education
McCarthy, Margaret Cain
2011-01-01
"History of American Higher Education" documents the fascinating evolution of American colleges and universities, touching on the historical events that shaped them, from the colonial era through the early twenty-first century. Throughout history, higher education has played an important role in the transmission of cultural identity from…
Higher Education: An International Perspective.
Phelps, Richard P.; Dietrich, Greta L.; Phillips, Gabriele; McCormack, Kevin A.
This report provides a review of higher education systems in selected developed countries and compares higher education in the United States and other countries. The report draws on data from the Indicators of National Education Systems Project of the Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (CERI) of the Organisation for Economic…
Effective Communication in Higher Education
Howard, Melissa
2014-01-01
The intent for this paper is to show that communication within the higher education field is a current problem. By looking first at the different styles, forms, and audiences for communication, the reader will hopefully gain perspective as to why this is such a problem in higher education today. Since the Millennial generation is the newest set of…
Strategic Planning for Higher Education.
Kotler, Philip; Murphy, Patrick E.
1981-01-01
The framework necessary for achieving a strategic planning posture in higher education is outlined. The most important benefit of strategic planning for higher education decision makers is that it forces them to undertake a more market-oriented and systematic approach to long- range planning. (Author/MLW)
Innovations in Higher Education? Hah!
Kirschner, Ann
2012-01-01
One can hardly mention higher education today without hearing the word "innovation," or its understudies "change," "reinvention," "transformation." Last summer the National Governors Association opened its meeting with a plenary session on higher education, innovation, and economic growth. But there is nothing funny about the need for innovation…
Innovation Processes in Higher Education.
Berg, Barbro; Ostergren, Bertil
1979-01-01
Innovation processes in the Swedish Higher Education System are described and related to a general theory of innovation. Using the theories of Kurt Lewin, characteristics of higher education as a social system and factors which determine the nature of the forces towards a certain type of change are defined. (JMF)
Constructing higher dimensional local fields
Morrow, Matthew
2012-01-01
This note is a gentle introduction to higher dimensional local fields, with the motivating problem being the standard geometric "localisation-completion" process by which they can be constructed. A direct proof of the behaviour of this construction, which is the simplest part of the theory of higher dimensional adeles, will hopefully be useful to both specialists and newcomers.
A Higher-Order Colon Translation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Danvy, Olivier; Nielsen, Lasse R.
2000-01-01
A lambda-encoding such as the CPS transformation gives rise to administrative redexes. In his seminal article ``Call-by-name, call-by-value and the lambda-calculus'', 25 years ago, Plotkin tackled administrative reductions using a so-called ``colon translation.'' 10 years ago, Danvy and Filinski...... integrated administrative reductions in the CPS transformation, making it operate in one pass. The technique applies to other lambda-encodings (e.g., variants of CPS), but we do not see it used in practice--instead, Plotkin's colon translation appears to be favored. Therefore, in an attempt to link both...... techniques, we recast Plotkin's proof of Indifference and Simulation to the higher-order specification of the one-pass CPS transformation. To this end, we extend his colon translation from first order to higher order...
The Hybridisation of Higher Education in Canada
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Douglas Shale
2002-01-01
Full Text Available Canada's postsecondary institutions are becoming increasingly involved with technology enhanced learning, generally under the rubric of distance education. Growth and activity in distance education stems from rapid developments in communication and information technologies such as videoconferencing and the Internet. This case study focuses on the use of new technologies, primarily within the context of higher education institutions operating in Canada's English speaking provinces. Capitalising on the interactive capabilities of "new" learning technologies, some distance education providers are starting to behave more like conventional educational institutions in terms of forming study groups and student cohorts. Conversely, new telecommunications technologies are having a reverse impact on traditional classroom settings, and as a result conventional universities are beginning to establish administrative structures reflective of those used by distance education providers. When viewed in tandem, these trends reflect growing convergence between conventional and distance learning modes, leading to the hybridisation of higher education in Canada.
Structure of Higher Spin Gauge Interactions
Bengtsson, A K H
2006-01-01
In a previous paper, higher spin gauge field theory was formulated in an abstract way, essentially only keeping enough machinery to discuss "gauge invariance" of an "action". The approach could be thought of as providing an interface (or syntax) towards an implementation (or semantics) yet to be constructed. The structure then revealed turns out to be that of a strongly homotopy Lie algebra. In the present paper, the framework will be connected to more conventional field theoretic concepts. The Fock complex vertex operator implementation of the interactions in the BRST-BV formulation of the theory will be elaborated. The relation between the vertex order expansion and homological perturbation theory will be clarified. A formal non-obstruction argument is reviewed. The syntactically derived sh-Lie algebra structure is semantically mapped to the Fock complex implementation and it is shown that the recursive equations governing the higher order vertices are reproduced. Global symmetries and subsidiary conditions...
A Higher-Order Colon Translation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Danvy, Olivier; Nielsen, Lasse Reichstein
2001-01-01
A lambda-encoding such as the CPS transformation gives rise to administrative redexes. In his seminal article ``Call-by-name, call-by-value and the lambda-calculus'', 25 years ago, Plotkin tackled administrative reductions using a so-called ``colon translation.'' 10 years ago, Danvy and Filinski...... integrated administrative reductions in the CPS transformation, making it operate in one pass. The technique applies to other lambda-encodings (e.g., variants of CPS), but we do not see it used in practice--instead, Plotkin's colon translation appears to be favored. Therefore, in an attempt to link both...... techniques, we recast Plotkin's proof of Indifference and Simulation to the higher-order specification of the one-pass CPS transformation. To this end, we extend his colon translation from first order to higher order...
On higher spin symmetries in de Sitter QFTs
Costa, Renato; Morrison, Ian A.
2016-03-01
We consider the consequences of global higher-spin symmetries in quantum field theories on a fixed de Sitter background of spacetime dimension D ≥ 3. These symmetries enhance the symmetry group associated with the isometries of the de Sitter background and thus strongly constrain the dynamics of the theory. In particular, we consider the case when a higher spin charge acts linearly on a scalar operator to leading order in a Fefferman-Graham expansion near the future/past conformal boundaries. We show that this implies that the expectation values of the operator inserted near the boundaries are asymptotically Gaussian. Thus, these operators have trivial cosmological spectra, and on global de Sitter these operators have only Gaussian correlations between operators inserted near future/past infinity. The latter result may be interpreted as an analogue of the Coleman-Mandula theorem for QFTs on de Sitter spacetime.
On higher spin symmetries in de Sitter QFTs
Costa, Renato
2015-01-01
We consider the consequences of global higher-spin symmetries in quantum field theories on a fixed de Sitter background of spacetime dimension $D \\ge 3$. These symmetries enhance the symmetry group associated with the isometries of the de Sitter background and thus strongly constrain the dynamics of the theory. In particular, we consider the case when a higher spin charge acts linearly on a scalar operator to leading order in a Fefferman-Graham expansion near the future/past conformal boundaries. We show that this implies that the expectation values of the operator inserted near the boundaries are asymptotically Gaussian. Thus, these operators have trivial cosmological spectra, and on global de Sitter these operators have only Gaussian correlations between operators inserted near future/past infinity. The latter result may be interpreted as an analogue of the Coleman-Mandula theorem for QFTs on de Sitter spacetime.
On higher spin symmetries in de Sitter QFTs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Costa, Renato [Instituto de Física Teorica, UNESP-Universidade Estadual Paulista,R. Dr. Bento T. Ferraz 271, Bl. II, Sao Paulo 01140-070, SP (Brazil); Department of Physics, McGill University,3600 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Morrison, Ian A. [Department of Physics, McGill University,3600 rue University, Montréal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada)
2016-03-10
We consider the consequences of global higher-spin symmetries in quantum field theories on a fixed de Sitter background of spacetime dimension D≥3. These symmetries enhance the symmetry group associated with the isometries of the de Sitter background and thus strongly constrain the dynamics of the theory. In particular, we consider the case when a higher spin charge acts linearly on a scalar operator to leading order in a Fefferman-Graham expansion near the future/past conformal boundaries. We show that this implies that the expectation values of the operator inserted near the boundaries are asymptotically Gaussian. Thus, these operators have trivial cosmological spectra, and on global de Sitter these operators have only Gaussian correlations between operators inserted near future/past infinity. The latter result may be interpreted as an analogue of the Coleman-Mandula theorem for QFTs on de Sitter spacetime.
... What's this? Submit Button Healthy Water Home Animal Feeding Operations Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir On ... Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) What are Animal Feeding Operations (AFOs)? According to the United States Environmental ...
Higher Franz-Reidemeister torsion
Igusa, Kiyoshi
2002-01-01
The book is devoted to the theory of topological higher Franz-Reidemeister torsion in K-theory. The author defines the higher Franz-Reidemeister torsion based on Volodin's K-theory and Borel's regulator map. He describes its properties and generalizations and studies the relation between the higher Franz-Reidemeister torsion and other torsions used in K-theory: Whitehead torsion and Ray-Singer torsion. He also presents methods of computing higher Franz-Reidemeister torsion, illustrates them with numerous examples, and describes various applications of higher Franz-Reidemeister torsion, particularly for the study of homology of mapping class groups. Packed with up-to-date information, the book provides a unique research and reference tool for specialists working in algebraic topology and K-theory.
Bianisotropy Picture of Higher Permeability at Higher Frequencies
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
XUE De-Sheng; LI Fa-Shen; FAN Xiao-Long; WEN Fu-Sheng
2008-01-01
With an effective bianisotropy picture, high-frequency behaviours of different magnetic materials can be reconciled, and the higher permeability and higher resonance frequencies are achieved even in the GHz range. The validity of the bianisotropy picture is quantitatively refilled by the in-plane anisotropic Fe34Co55Zr11 thin films.A prolate elliptical precession of the magnetization about its equilibrium direction is the key point, which can be induced by an artificial or an intrinsic bianisotropy system.
On higher holonomy invariants in higher gauge theory II
Zucchini, Roberto
2015-01-01
This is the second of a series of two technical papers devoted to the analysis of holonomy invariants in strict higher gauge theory with end applications in higher Chern--Simons theory. We provide a definition of trace over a crossed module such to yield surface knot invariants upon application to 2-holonomies. We show further that the properties of the trace are best described using the theory quandle crossed modules.
Operational Semantics of Termination Types
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis
1996-01-01
In principle termination analysis is easy: find a well-founded ordering and prove that calls decrease with respect to the ordering. We show how to embed termination information into a polymorphic type system for an eager higher-order functional language allowing multiple-argument functions...... and algebraic data types. The well-founded orderings are defined by pattern matching against the definition of the algebraic data types. We prove that the analysis is semantically sound with respect to a big-step (or natural) operational semantics. We compare our approach based on operational semantics to one...
Saxton Transportation Operations Laboratory
Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Saxton Transportation Operations Laboratory (Saxton Laboratory) is a state-of-the-art facility for conducting transportation operations research. The laboratory...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Welch, Lawrence S.; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Petersen, Bent
Introduction and theory -- Introduction -- Theoretical approaches -- Modes of operation -- Franchising -- Licensing -- Management contracts -- International subcontracting -- Project operations -- Exports -- Alliances -- Foreign direct investment -- Strategies -- Mode switching and stretching...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Welch, Lawrence S.; Benito, Gabriel R. G.; Petersen, Bent
Introduction and theory -- Introduction -- Theoretical approaches -- Modes of operation -- Franchising -- Licensing -- Management contracts -- International subcontracting -- Project operations -- Exports -- Alliances -- Foreign direct investment -- Strategies -- Mode switching and stretching...
Nilpotent operators similar to irreducible operators
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIANG; Chunlan
2001-01-01
［1］Halmos, P. R., A Hilbert Space Problem Book, Princeton, New Jersey: D Van Nostrand, 1967.［2］Halmos, P. R., Irreducible operators, Mich. Math. J., 1968, 15: 215—223.［3］Voiculescu, D., A non-commutative Weyl-Von Neuwann theorem, Rev. Roum. Math. Pures et, 1976, Appl. 21: 97—113.［4］Gilfeather, F., Strong reducibility of operators., Indiana Univ. Math. J., 1972, 22: 393—397.［5］Jiang, Z. J., Sun, S. L., On completely irreducible operators, Acta Sci. Natur. Univ. Jilin (in Chinese), 1992, 4: 20—29.［6］Fong, C. K., Jiang, C. L., Normal operators similar to irreducible operators, Acta Math. Sinica, New series, 1994, 10: 192—205.［7］Jiang, C. L., Li, X., The irreducible decomposition of Cowen-Douglas operators and operator weighted shifts, Acta Sci. Math. (Szeged), 2000, 48: 1—18.［8］Jiang, C. L., Wu, P. Y., Sums of strongly irreducible operator, Houston. J. Math., 1998, 24: 467—481.［9］Davidson, K. R., Herrero, D. A., The Jordan form of a bitriangular operator., J. Funct. Anal., 1990, 94: 27—73.［10］Herrero, D. A., Approximation of Hilbert Space Operators Research Notes in Math 224, Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1990.［11］Jiang Chunlan, Wang Zongyao, Strongly irreducible operators on Hilbert space, Research Notes in Math 389, Harlow, Essex: Longman, 1998.［12］Tosio Kato, Perturbation Theory for Linear Operators, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York, Tokyo: Springer-Verlag, 1984.
Higher-order risk vulnerability
Huang,Xiaoping; Stapleton, Richard Christopher
2017-01-01
We add an independent unfair background risk to higher-order risk-taking models in the current literature and examine its interaction with the main risk under consideration. Parallel to the well-known concept of risk vulnerability, which is defined by Gollier and Pratt (Econometrica 64:1109–1123, 1996), an agent is said to have a type of higher-order risk vulnerability if adding an independent unfair background risk to wealth raises his level of this type of higher-order risk aversion. We der...
Gender Issues in Higher Education
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Jinghuan Shi; Heidi A. Ross
2010-01-01
@@ The past decade has witnessed a rapid growth of higher education in China and an increasing number of female students enrolled in colleges and universities,with the rate of female students reaching 48.1% in 2007, which was 12.7%higher than the year of 1995 (35.4%). Along with the broader access of females to higher education, how come gender as an issue still needs to be stressed in political and policy sphere, as well as in social awareness?
Teaching Creatively in Higher Education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Chemi, Tatiana; Zhou, Chunfang
The topic of this booklet is a synthesis of relevant research in the field of creativity in higher education, with focus on creative teaching methods. By means of literature review and research findings this booklet describes a wide range of contexts and effects on student learning and develop......ment, together with teacher motivation and overall satisfaction. This booklet meets the need for renewal and creation in higher education, in order to address the challenges of the future, focusing on the benefits of teaching creatively at higher education....
Scientific collaboratories in higher education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sonnenwald, Diane H.; Li, Bin
2003-01-01
Scientific collaboratories hold the promise of providing students access to specialized scientific instruments, data and experts, enabling learning opportunities perhaps otherwise not available. However, evaluation of scientific collaboratories in higher education has lagged behind...
Thatcherism and British Higher Education.
Shattock, Michael
1989-01-01
A discussion of the influence of Britain's prime minister, Margaret Thatcher, on higher education looks at the relationship between the administrator's 10 years in office and the fiscal, educational, and public policy issues currently under debate. (MSE)
Solving higher curvature gravity theories
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chakraborty, Sumanta [IUCAA, Pune (India); SenGupta, Soumitra [Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Theoretical Physics Department, Kolkata (India)
2016-10-15
Solving field equations in the context of higher curvature gravity theories is a formidable task. However, in many situations, e.g., in the context of f(R) theories, the higher curvature gravity action can be written as an Einstein-Hilbert action plus a scalar field action. We show that not only the action but the field equations derived from the action are also equivalent, provided the spacetime is regular. We also demonstrate that such an equivalence continues to hold even when the gravitational field equations are projected on a lower-dimensional hypersurface. We have further addressed explicit examples in which the solutions for Einstein-Hilbert and a scalar field system lead to solutions of the equivalent higher curvature theory. The same, but on the lower-dimensional hypersurface, has been illustrated in the reverse order as well. We conclude with a brief discussion on this technique of solving higher curvature field equations. (orig.)
Categorification and higher representation theory
Beliakova, Anna
2017-01-01
The emergent mathematical philosophy of categorification is reshaping our view of modern mathematics by uncovering a hidden layer of structure in mathematics, revealing richer and more robust structures capable of describing more complex phenomena. Categorified representation theory, or higher representation theory, aims to understand a new level of structure present in representation theory. Rather than studying actions of algebras on vector spaces where algebra elements act by linear endomorphisms of the vector space, higher representation theory describes the structure present when algebras act on categories, with algebra elements acting by functors. The new level of structure in higher representation theory arises by studying the natural transformations between functors. This enhanced perspective brings into play a powerful new set of tools that deepens our understanding of traditional representation theory. This volume exhibits some of the current trends in higher representation theory and the diverse te...
Progressive problems higher grade physics
Kennedy, William
2001-01-01
This book fully covers all three Units studied in Scotland's Higher Grade Physics course, providing a systematic array of problems (from the simplest to the most difficult) to lead variously abled pupils to examination success.
The Legalization of Higher Education
Badke, Lara K.
2017-01-01
A complete discussion of intellectual property (IP), faculty rights, and the public good requires a thorough framing of higher education's legal context, from which the rise of legalistic criteria (or legalization) and current IP regime have grown.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2002-01-01
The intron is an important component of eukaryotic gene. Extensive studies have been conducted to get a better understanding of its structure and function. This paper presents a brief review of the structure and function of introns in higher plant genes. It is shown that higher plant introns possess structural properties shared by all eukaryotic introns, however, they also exhibit a striking degree of diversity. The process of intron splicing in higher plant genes involves interaction between multiple cis-acting elements and trans-acting factors, such as 5′ splicing site, 3′ splicing site and many protein factors. The process of intron splicing is an important level at which gene expression is regulated. Especially alternative splicing of intron can regulate time and space of gene expression. In addition, some introns in higher plant genes also regulate gene expression by affecting the pattern of gene expression, enhancing the level of gene expression and driving the gene expression.
Higher Derivatives and Canonical Formalism
HAMAMOTO, Shinji
1995-01-01
A canonical formalism for higher-derivative theories is presented on the basis of Dirac's method for constrained systems. It is shown that this formalism shares a path integral expression with Ostrogradski's canonical formalism.
Disruptive technologies in higher education
Flavin, Michael
2012-01-01
This paper analyses the role of ‘‘disruptive’’ innovative technologies in higher education. In this country and elsewhere, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) have invested significant sums in learning technologies, with Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs) being more or less universal, but these technologies have not been universally adopted and used by students and staff. Instead, other technologies not owned or controlled by HEIs are widely used to support learning and teaching. According...
Black Holes in Higher Dimensions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Reall Harvey S.
2008-09-01
Full Text Available We review black-hole solutions of higher-dimensional vacuum gravity and higher-dimensional supergravity theories. The discussion of vacuum gravity is pedagogical, with detailed reviews of Myers–Perry solutions, black rings, and solution-generating techniques. We discuss black-hole solutions of maximal supergravity theories, including black holes in anti-de Sitter space. General results and open problems are discussed throughout.
Cognitive ergonomics of operational tools
Lüdeke, A.
2012-10-01
Control systems have become increasingly more powerful over the past decades. The availability of high data throughput and sophisticated graphical interactions has opened a variety of new possibilities. But has this helped to provide intuitive, easy to use applications to simplify the operation of modern large scale accelerator facilities? We will discuss what makes an application useful to operation and what is necessary to make a tool easy to use. We will show that even the implementation of a small number of simple application design rules can help to create ergonomic operational tools. The author is convinced that such tools do indeed help to achieve higher beam availability and better beam performance at accelerator facilities.
Rahman, Rakibur
2013-01-01
These notes comprise a part of the introductory lectures on Higher Spin Theory presented in the Eighth Modave Summer School in Mathematical Physics. We construct free higher-spin theories and turn on interactions to find that inconsistencies show up in general. Interacting massless fields in flat space are in tension with gauge invariance and this leads to various no-go theorems. While massive fields exhibit superluminal propagation, appropriate non-minimal terms may cure such pathologies as they do in String Theory -- a fact that we demonstrate. Given that any interacting massive higher-spin particle is described by an effective field theory, we compute a model independent upper bound on the ultraviolet cutoff in the case of electromagnetic coupling in flat space and discuss its implications. Finally, we consider various possibilities of evading the no-go theorems for massless fields, among which Vasiliev's higher-spin gauge theory is one. We work out a simple example of a higher-derivative cubic coupling in...
Higher education and civic engagement.
Egerton, Muriel
2002-12-01
This paper focuses on the relationship between social engagement, particularly civic engagement, and education. It is well known that more highly educated people are more likely to engage in voluntary work in formalized settings. It has been difficult to disentangle the effect of higher education from that of family origin and occupational socialization. This paper examines the effects of tertiary education on the social and civic engagement of young people, using the British Household Panel Study. The social and civic activity of young people is observed in their late teens, before entering the labour market or tertiary education, and compared with that of the same young people in their early 20s, after completing tertiary education courses or gaining labour market experience. It was found that the social and civic engagement of young people who would enter higher education was higher in their late teens than that of their peers who did not enter. However, higher education had a small additional effect on civic engagement, for both young and mature students. The children of professionals were the social grouping most likely to be involved in civic activities. The relationship of higher education, professional occupations and family socialization is discussed.
A new regime for future telecommunication network operations
Gustafsson, S.; Trommelen, P.H.; Vos, C. de
2010-01-01
The increasingly crucial role that telecommunications plays in today's information society calls for a new regime for telecommunication network operations. An unbundling of business roles and associated responsibilities is proposed, providing more economic network operations and higher availability
Elementary operators on self-adjoint operators
Molnar, Lajos; Semrl, Peter
2007-03-01
Let H be a Hilbert space and let and be standard *-operator algebras on H. Denote by and the set of all self-adjoint operators in and , respectively. Assume that and are surjective maps such that M(AM*(B)A)=M(A)BM(A) and M*(BM(A)B)=M*(B)AM*(B) for every pair , . Then there exist an invertible bounded linear or conjugate-linear operator and a constant c[set membership, variant]{-1,1} such that M(A)=cTAT*, , and M*(B)=cT*BT, .
Data Mining Application in Higher Learning Institutions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Naeimeh DELAVARI
2008-04-01
Full Text Available One of the biggest challenges that higher learning institutions face today is to improve the quality of managerial decisions. The managerial decision making process becomes more complex as the complexity of educational entities increase. Educational institute seeks more efficient technology to better manage and support decision making procedures or assist them to set new strategies and plan for a better management of the current processes. One way to effectively address the challenges for improving the quality is to provide new knowledge related to the educational processes and entities to the managerial system. This knowledge can be extracted from historical and operational data that reside in the educational organization's databases using the techniques of data mining technology. Data mining techniques are analytical tools that can be used to extract meaningful knowledge from large data sets. This paper presents the capabilities of data mining in the context of higher educational system by i proposing an analytical guideline for higher education institutions to enhance their current decision processes, and ii applying data mining techniques to discover new explicit knowledge which could be useful for the decision making processes.
A course of higher mathematics
Smirnov, Vladimir Ivanovich; Lohwater, A J
1964-01-01
A Course of Higher Mathematics, I: Elementary Calculus is a five-volume course of higher mathematics used by mathematicians, physicists, and engineers in the U.S.S.R. This volume deals with calculus and principles of mathematical analysis including topics on functions of single and multiple variables. The functional relationships, theory of limits, and the concept of differentiation, whether as theories and applications, are discussed. This book also examines the applications of differential calculus to geometry. For example, the equations to determine the differential of arc or the parameter
Danish aid to higher education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Adriansen, Hanne Kirstine
2016-01-01
This piece comments on the role of higher education and universities in achieving the goals of Agenda 2030. It also asks if global academic collaboration is a new form of colonization or if researchers from the North can assist in decolonising the academy.......This piece comments on the role of higher education and universities in achieving the goals of Agenda 2030. It also asks if global academic collaboration is a new form of colonization or if researchers from the North can assist in decolonising the academy....
Optimal Admission to Higher Education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Albæk, Karsten
This paper constructs higher education admission rules that maximise graduation rates and thus increase the skill level of the work force. An application shows that students with a low level in mathematics in secondary school ought to find it easier to be admitted to an economics programme than...... to law or psychology programmes, even though economics is the most difficult programme from which to graduate without a strong background in mathematics. Indirect gains from optimal admission include the potential of making whole cohorts of students more able to graduate with a higher education degree....
Nonlocal Operational Calculi for Dunkl Operators
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ivan H. Dimovski
2009-03-01
Full Text Available The one-dimensional Dunkl operator $D_k$ with a non-negative parameter $k$, is considered under an arbitrary nonlocal boundary value condition. The right inverse operator of $D_k$, satisfying this condition is studied. An operational calculus of Mikusinski type is developed. In the frames of this operational calculi an extension of the Heaviside algorithm for solution of nonlocal Cauchy boundary value problems for Dunkl functional-differential equations $P(D_ku = f$ with a given polynomial $P$ is proposed. The solution of these equations in mean-periodic functions reduces to such problems. Necessary and sufficient condition for existence of unique solution in mean-periodic functions is found.
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Life Support Advanced Trauma Operative Management Basic Endovascular Skills for Trauma Disaster Management and Emergency Preparedness Rural Trauma Team Development Course Trauma Evaluation and Management Trauma CME Nora ...
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Online Guide to Choosing a Surgical Residency Practice Management Workshops Patients and Family Patient Education Patient Education ... Trauma Advanced Trauma Life Support Advanced Trauma Operative Management Basic Endovascular Skills for Trauma Disaster Management and ...
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Stay Up to Date with ACS Association Management Jobs Events Find a Surgeon Patients and Family Contact My Profile Shop/Donate ( 0 ) Items American College of Surgeons Education Patients and Family Skills Programs Your Lung Operation ...
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Online Guide to Choosing a Surgical Residency Practice Management Workshops Patients and Family Patient Education Patient Education ... Trauma Advanced Trauma Life Support Advanced Trauma Operative Management Basic Endovascular Skills for Trauma Disaster Management and ...
Computer algebra and operators
Fateman, Richard; Grossman, Robert
1989-01-01
The symbolic computation of operator expansions is discussed. Some of the capabilities that prove useful when performing computer algebra computations involving operators are considered. These capabilities may be broadly divided into three areas: the algebraic manipulation of expressions from the algebra generated by operators; the algebraic manipulation of the actions of the operators upon other mathematical objects; and the development of appropriate normal forms and simplification algorithms for operators and their actions. Brief descriptions are given of the computer algebra computations that arise when working with various operators and their actions.
Renormalization of composite operators
Polonyi, J
2001-01-01
The blocked composite operators are defined in the one-component Euclidean scalar field theory, and shown to generate a linear transformation of the operators, the operator mixing. This transformation allows us to introduce the parallel transport of the operators along the RG trajectory. The connection on this one-dimensional manifold governs the scale evolution of the operator mixing. It is shown that the solution of the eigenvalue problem of the connection gives the various scaling regimes and the relevant operators there. The relation to perturbative renormalization is also discussed in the framework of the $\\phi^3$ theory in dimension $d=6$.
Jaeger, Trent
2008-01-01
Operating systems provide the fundamental mechanisms for securing computer processing. Since the 1960s, operating systems designers have explored how to build "secure" operating systems - operating systems whose mechanisms protect the system against a motivated adversary. Recently, the importance of ensuring such security has become a mainstream issue for all operating systems. In this book, we examine past research that outlines the requirements for a secure operating system and research that implements example systems that aim for such requirements. For system designs that aimed to
Mobile Learning in Higher Education
Fraga, Lucretia M.
2012-01-01
This mixed method research study investigated the beliefs of university faculty regarding mobile learning. As well as to determine if providing technology professional development to university faculty supports the increase of mobile learning opportunities in higher education. This study used the Beliefs About Mobile Learning Inventory (BAMLI) to…
Internal Audit in Higher Education.
Holmes, Alison, Ed.; Brown, Sally, Ed.
This book describes a range of examples of internal audit in higher education as part of a process of the exchange of good practice. The book recognizes well-established links with audit theory from other contexts and makes use of theoretical perspectives explored in the financial sector. The chapters are: (1) "Quality Audit Issues"…
Mitigating Higher Ed Cyber Attacks
Rogers, Gary; Ashford, Tina
2015-01-01
In this presentation we will discuss the many and varied cyber attacks that have recently occurred in the higher ed community. We will discuss the perpetrators, the victims, the impact and how these institutions have evolved to meet this threat. Mitigation techniques and defense strategies will be covered as will a discussion of effective security…
Project Management in Higher Education
Alpert, Shannon Atkinson
2011-01-01
This study identified factors that influenced the use of project management in higher education research projects. Using a qualitative grounded theory approach that included in-depth interviews with assistant professors, the researcher examined how these individuals were using project management processes and tools and factors that enabled,…
Social Stratification in Higher Education
Grodsky, Eric; Jackson, Erika
2009-01-01
Background/Context: Over the past half century, scholars in a variety of fields have contributed to our understanding of the relationship between higher education and social stratification. We review this literature, highlighting complementarities and inconsistencies. Purpose/Objective/Research Question/Focus of Study: We situate our review of the…
Higher Education and Governmental Leadership.
Manahan, Richard A.
1978-01-01
Legislators and higher education leaders need to recognize that there will probably always be conflict and tension between them, but both must attempt to keep this conflict and tension under control and direct it so as to provide a constructive relationship. (Author/IRT)
Art in American Higher Institutions.
Feldman, Edmund Burke, Ed.
This volume of 11 articles contains a comprehensive statement about the visual arts as they are encountered in post-secondary education. The articles are: (1) "Art and the Liberal Arts: A Trivial, Artificial, Irrelevant Antagonism" by Albert Bush-Brown; (2) "The Arts in Higher Education: A Question of Priorities" by Lawrence Dennis; (3) "Access to…
Wave equations in higher dimensions
Dong, Shi-Hai
2011-01-01
Higher dimensional theories have attracted much attention because they make it possible to reduce much of physics in a concise, elegant fashion that unifies the two great theories of the 20th century: Quantum Theory and Relativity. This book provides an elementary description of quantum wave equations in higher dimensions at an advanced level so as to put all current mathematical and physical concepts and techniques at the reader’s disposal. A comprehensive description of quantum wave equations in higher dimensions and their broad range of applications in quantum mechanics is provided, which complements the traditional coverage found in the existing quantum mechanics textbooks and gives scientists a fresh outlook on quantum systems in all branches of physics. In Parts I and II the basic properties of the SO(n) group are reviewed and basic theories and techniques related to wave equations in higher dimensions are introduced. Parts III and IV cover important quantum systems in the framework of non-relativisti...
Foreign Brand Higher In Carcinogen
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
MATT; YOUNG
2006-01-01
It's no secret that cigarettes contain a lot of cancer-causing agents. Compared to local Chinese cigarettes, Marlboros contain a higher percentage according to a study published in a 2003 issue of Nicotine & Tobacco Research. "People not [involved] in the field believe a cigarette is a cigarette," said chief study author Dr. David Ashley. "In
Higher holonomies: comparing two constructions
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Schaetz, Florian; Arias Abad, Camilo
2015-01-01
We compare two different constructions of higher-dimensional parallel transport. On the one hand, there is the two-dimensional parallel transport associated with 2-connections on 2-bundles studied by Baez–Schreiber [2], Faria Martins–Picken [11] and Schreiber–Waldorf [12]. On the other hand, ther...
Electronic Assessment in Higher Education
Brink, Roelien; Lautenbach, Geoffrey
2011-01-01
Assessment is an important cornerstone of education. A world trend in staying abreast of the latest developments in the field of information and communication technology (ICT) has led to an increased demand for electronic assessment in education circles. The critical need and responsibility for higher education to stay on par with the latest…
Higher Ambitions Summit. Rapporteur Report
Nash, Ian
2014-01-01
The Sutton Trust and Pearson two-day summit on higher ambitions in apprenticeships and vocational education drew more than 120 leaders in education, training and employment, policy makers, academics, and researchers to London. Delegates heard from political leaders stressing the importance they attach to high-quality apprenticeships. Presentations…
Assessing Cyberbullying in Higher Education
Kamali, Ali
2015-01-01
This project aims to expose information educators to various aspects of cyberbullying for the purpose of policy development in an environment of higher education. The preponderance of nation-wide research on cyberbullying is concentrated on adolescents; such efforts in college campuses are limited to individual endeavors. Cyberbullying research on…
Disability Studies in Higher Education
Taylor, Steven J.
2011-01-01
As a topic of study, disability is not new at institutions of higher education. Psychological and intellectual disabilities have been of interest in psychiatry and psychology at least since the late 1800s and early 1900s. The post-World War II era, in particular, witnessed the rapid expansion of academic programs in special education, vocational…
Optimal admission to higher education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Albæk, Karsten
2016-01-01
that documents the relevance of theory and illustrates how to apply optimal admission procedures. Indirect gains from optimal admission procedures include the potential for increasing entire cohorts of students' probability of graduating with a higher education degree, thereby increasing the skill level...
Stakeholder Relationships in Higher Education
Kettunen, Juha
2015-01-01
The purpose of this study is to develop a stakeholder map to describe the most important stakeholders and the process of stakeholder relationships in higher education. According to the perspective of the balanced scorecard, the classification of stakeholders integrates stakeholders into strategic management. Stakeholder maps are essential in…
Higher Education and European Regionalism.
Paterson, Lindsay
2001-01-01
Speculates about the relationship between two fundamental social changes occurring in Europe: the development of a mass higher education system and the slow decay of the old states that were inherited from the 19th century, eroded from below by various movements for national and regional autonomy, and eroded from above by the growing power and…
On Nonlinear Higher Spin Curvature
Manvelyan, Ruben(Yerevan Physics Institute, Alikhanian Br. St. 2, Yerevan, 0036, Armenia); Mkrtchyan, Karapet; Rühl, Werner; Tovmasyan, Murad
2011-01-01
We present the first nonlinear term of the higher spin curvature which is covariant with respect to deformed gauge transformations that are linear in the field. We consider in detail the case of spin 3 after presenting spin 2 as an example, and then construct the general spin s quadratic term of the deWit-Freedman curvature.
On nonlinear higher spin curvature
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Manvelyan, Ruben, E-mail: manvel@physik.uni-kl.d [Department of Physics, Erwin Schroedinger Strasse, Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Postfach 3049, 67653 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Yerevan Physics Institute, Alikhanian Br. Str. 2, 0036 Yerevan (Armenia); Mkrtchyan, Karapet, E-mail: karapet@yerphi.a [Department of Physics, Erwin Schroedinger Strasse, Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Postfach 3049, 67653 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Yerevan Physics Institute, Alikhanian Br. Str. 2, 0036 Yerevan (Armenia); Ruehl, Werner, E-mail: ruehl@physik.uni-kl.d [Department of Physics, Erwin Schroedinger Strasse, Technical University of Kaiserslautern, Postfach 3049, 67653 Kaiserslautern (Germany); Tovmasyan, Murad, E-mail: mtovmasyan@ysu.a [Yerevan Physics Institute, Alikhanian Br. Str. 2, 0036 Yerevan (Armenia)
2011-05-09
We present the first nonlinear term of the higher spin curvature which is covariant with respect to deformed gauge transformations that are linear in the field. We consider the case of spin 3 after presenting spin 2 as an example, and then construct the general spin s quadratic term of the de Wit-Freedman curvature.
Spirituality and Contemporary Higher Education
Waggoner, Michael D.
2016-01-01
Though religion played a central role in the founding of U.S. higher education, over the centuries, its influence was diluted by competing secular emphases. In recent decades, religion has seen a resurgence in academic and co-curricular attention on campuses. In addition, a spirituality not based on religion has gained increasing attention. The…
Scenario Planning in Higher Education.
Rieley, James B.
1997-01-01
Proposes scenario planning in preparing for the future of higher education. Delineates a methodology for effective scenario planning: identifying potential future scenarios; examining social, economic, political, environmental, and technological influences; exploring mental models while looking through systems maps, and developing potential…
Optimal admission to higher education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Albæk, Karsten
2016-01-01
that documents the relevance of theory and illustrates how to apply optimal admission procedures. Indirect gains from optimal admission procedures include the potential for increasing entire cohorts of students' probability of graduating with a higher education degree, thereby increasing the skill level...
Grade Inflation in Higher Education.
Ediger, Marlow
The topic of grade inflation, the awarding of too many "A's" and "B's", is frequently mentioned in the literature on higher education. Many educational philosophies have suggested ways to evaluate students fairly. Some professors have used the bell-shaped curve as a model, giving grades according to the normal distribution curve regardless of the…
Toward semistrict higher gauge theory
Zucchini, Roberto
2011-01-01
We work out a formulation of higher gauge theory, whose symmetry is encoded in a semistrict Lie 2-algebra v and which we call semistrict. We view v as a 2-term L-infinity algebra, a special case of strong homotopy Lie algebra generalizing an ordinary Lie algebra by allowing the Lie bracket to have a non trivial Jacobiator. Fields are v-valued and gauge transformations are special Aut(v)-valued maps organized as an ordinary group and acting on them. The global behaviour of fields is controlled by appropriate gauge transformation 1-cocycles. Using the BV quantization method in the AKSZ geometrical version, we write down a 3-dimensional semistrict higher BF gauge theory generalizing ordinary BF theory, carry out its gauge fixing and obtain as end result a semistrict higher topological gauge field theory of the Witten type. We also introduce a related 4-dimensional semistrict higher Chern--Simons gauge theory. We discuss merits and weaknesses of our formulation in relations to other approaches.
Disability Studies in Higher Education
Taylor, Steven J.
2011-01-01
As a topic of study, disability is not new at institutions of higher education. Psychological and intellectual disabilities have been of interest in psychiatry and psychology at least since the late 1800s and early 1900s. The post-World War II era, in particular, witnessed the rapid expansion of academic programs in special education, vocational…
Equity, Envy, and Higher Education.
Baum, Sandra R.; Schwartz, Saul
1986-01-01
Develops and tests an empirical measure of fairness and envy over access to higher education for 12,000 high school students. Results suggest that, given the existence of current government subsidies, financial barriers do not prevent a significant number of high school graduates from attending college. (Author/TRS)
Sustainability: Higher Education's New Fundamentalism
Peterson, Rachelle; Wood, Peter W.
2015-01-01
"Sustainability" is a key idea on college campuses in the United States and the rest of the Western world. To the unsuspecting, sustainability is just a new name for environmentalism. This report is the first in-depth critical study of the sustainability movement in higher education. The focus of this study is on how the sustainability…
Today's Higher Education IT Workforce
Bichsel, Jacqueline
2014-01-01
The professionals making up the current higher education IT workforce have been asked to adjust to a culture of increased IT consumerization, more sourcing options, broader interest in IT's transformative potential, and decreased resources. Disruptions that include the bring-your-own-everything era, cloud computing, new management practices,…
Student Diversity and Higher Learning.
Rudenstine, Neil L.
This chapter traces the evolution of the concept of diversity in higher education, noting the real but slow progress in achieving greater inclusion. It highlights Harvard University's experiences, demonstrating why the goal of diversity remains so important to the actual quality and breadth of education for all students and why Harvard's existing…
Stakeholder Relationships in Higher Education
Kettunen, Juha
2015-01-01
The purpose of this study is to develop a stakeholder map to describe the most important stakeholders and the process of stakeholder relationships in higher education. According to the perspective of the balanced scorecard, the classification of stakeholders integrates stakeholders into strategic management. Stakeholder maps are essential in…
Transnational Higher Education in Uzbekistan
Sia, E. K.
2014-01-01
This paper provides an overview of transnational higher education (THE) in Uzbekistan. It includes a brief account of THE current and future market trends. The data, gathered from a literature search, show that the demand for THE (off-campus) is growing even faster than the demand for international (on-campus) programmes. This paper then provides…
Higher Education Profiles & Trends 2013
Tennessee Higher Education Commission, 2013
2013-01-01
The statute [T.C.A. Section 49-7-202(c)(7)] requires the Tennessee Higher Education Commission to prepare a biennial report for the governor and the general assembly, "commenting upon major developments, trends, new policies, budgets and financial considerations which in the judgment of the commission will be useful to the governor and to the…
Internal Audit in Higher Education.
Holmes, Alison, Ed.; Brown, Sally, Ed.
This book describes a range of examples of internal audit in higher education as part of a process of the exchange of good practice. The book recognizes well-established links with audit theory from other contexts and makes use of theoretical perspectives explored in the financial sector. The chapters are: (1) "Quality Audit Issues"…
2011 Higher Education Sustainability Review
Wagner, Margo, Ed.
2012-01-01
Looking through the lens of AASHE Bulletin stories in 2011, this year's review reveals an increased focus on higher education access, affordability, and success; more green building efforts than ever before; and growing campus-community engagement on food security, among many other achievements. Contributors include James Applegate (Lumina…
Embodying Authenticity in Higher Education
Douglass, Laura
2016-01-01
Orienting to the community of higher education involves a learning experience that is authentic and embodied for one new college administrator. Reflecting on her experience, she articulates how her relationship to her body helps to understand and respond to the tensions of engaging with a scholarly community.
Equity, Envy, and Higher Education.
Baum, Sandra R.; Schwartz, Saul
1986-01-01
Develops and tests an empirical measure of fairness and envy over access to higher education for 12,000 high school students. Results suggest that, given the existence of current government subsidies, financial barriers do not prevent a significant number of high school graduates from attending college. (Author/TRS)
American Higher Education in Transition
Ehrenberg, Ronald G.
2011-01-01
American higher education is in transition and if there ever was a "golden age" for faculty, it probably is behind us. The best historical data on the composition of faculty is collected annually by the American Mathematical Society. Between 1967 and 2009, the share of full-time faculty with PhDs remained constant at about 90 percent at…
Women in Higher Education Management.
Commonwealth Secretariat, London (England).
This volume contains 11 papers on the under-representation of women in higher education management in Bahrain, Finland, France, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nigeria, Peru, the United States and Canada, the South Pacific and the West Indies. All papers were written by women vice-chancellors, presidents and senior managers of universities in those…
Embodying Authenticity in Higher Education
Douglass, Laura
2016-01-01
Orienting to the community of higher education involves a learning experience that is authentic and embodied for one new college administrator. Reflecting on her experience, she articulates how her relationship to her body helps to understand and respond to the tensions of engaging with a scholarly community.
Faculty Retention in Higher Education
Soomro, Tariq Rahim; Ahmad, Reyaz
2013-01-01
Criteria for retaining or firing a highly qualified faculty in higher education in many cases are vague and unclear. This situation is neither a comfortable, nor a healthy, both for the faculty and the administration. Stakeholders have enough reason to blame each other in the absence of transparent mechanism. This paper proposes a transparent…
Gender Matters in Higher Education
Harrop, Alex; Tattersall, Andy; Goody, Adam
2007-01-01
Much of the research in higher education has treated student bodies as homogeneous groups with a consequent neglect of any consideration of gender differences. To test the validity of such research a questionnaire was administered to 255 psychology students. The results showed some important differences in responses between the genders. In…
Internal Audit in Higher Education.
Holmes, Alison, Ed.; Brown, Sally, Ed.
This book describes a range of examples of internal audit in higher education as part of a process of the exchange of good practice. The book recognizes well-established links with audit theory from other contexts and makes use of theoretical perspectives explored in the financial sector. The chapters are: (1) "Quality Audit Issues" (Sally Brown…
Project Management in Higher Education
Alpert, Shannon Atkinson
2011-01-01
This study identified factors that influenced the use of project management in higher education research projects. Using a qualitative grounded theory approach that included in-depth interviews with assistant professors, the researcher examined how these individuals were using project management processes and tools and factors that enabled,…
Supercomplexity in Higher Education Kinesiology
Block, Betty A.; Estes, Steve
2011-01-01
This article employs Barnett's (2004) specifications of the aspects that describe the times of "supercomplexity." This term characterizes the challenges universities are facing regarding the expanding and competing forces that are affecting higher education, particularly in the West. Outside forces related to globalization, digital technologies,…
Optimal Admission to Higher Education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Albæk, Karsten
to law or psychology programmes, even though economics is the most difficult programme from which to graduate without a strong background in mathematics. Indirect gains from optimal admission include the potential of making whole cohorts of students more able to graduate with a higher education degree....
Operation Anaconda. Lessons for Joint Operations
2009-03-01
joint battle plan and commanded accordingly. For all services, fast-paced joint operations in the information era require well-honed skills that...communications. Accompanying Lessons: To carry out information - era operations, excellent joint communications at all levels are vital, as are...to employ their information - era assets to full advantage. 39 Accompanying Lessons: Modern combat requires great skill and high-speed
On completely irreducible operators
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
JIANG Zejian; SUN Shanli
2006-01-01
Let T be a bounded linear operator on Hilbert space H,M an invariant subspace of T.If there exists another invariant subspace N of T such that H=M+N and M ∩ N=0,then M is said to be a completely reduced subspace of T.If T has a nontrivial completely reduced subspace,then T is said to be completely reducible;otherwise T is said to be completely irreducible.In the present paper we briefly sum up works on completely irreducible operators that have been done by the Functional Analysis Seminar of Jilin University in the past ten years and more.The paper contains four sections.In section 1 the background of completely irreducible operators is given in detail.Section 2 shows which operator in some well-known classes of operators,for example,weighted shifts,Toeplitz operators,etc.,is completely irreducible.In section 3 it is proved that every bounded linear operator on the Hilbert space can be approximated by the finite direct sum of completely irreducible operators.It is clear that a completely irreducible operator is a rather suitable analogue of Jordan blocks in L(H),the set of all bounded linear operators on Hilbert space H.In section 4 several questions concerning completely irreducible operators are discussed and it is shown that some properties of completely irreducible operators are different from properties of unicellular operators.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘祝兰; 丁金平
2016-01-01
信息化时代的发展对现代会计人才需求素质越来越高，建设高职会计信息化综合实训基地是提升师资和学生创新技能的重要保障。笔者以所在高职学院为例，经历会计专业校内实训场地和软硬件设施装备条件不足到现代信息化会计综合实训基地建成并运行，提出基地有完善的软硬件设施现代装备，有丰富内涵文化和完善的管理制度，才能保障基地实现多层次多模块多角度多用途等产学融合、教学科研一体应有功能。%With the increasingly higher requirement formodernaccountant at the information age, the integrated infor-mation accountingtraining base will be an important guarantee for improving both teachers' and students' advanced skills at higher vocational colleges. This paper, taking the author's polytechnic as a case study, introduces the develop-ing of an integrated information accountingtraining base, proposes that a base with abundant culture connotation and full management regulations can achieve multi-functions, including manufacturing, training compromise, teaching and research, etc.
EDITORIAL: Deeper, broader, higher, better?
Dobson, Ken
1998-07-01
Honorary Editor The standard of educational achievement in England and Wales is frequently criticized, and it seems to be an axiom of government that schools and teachers need to be shaken up, kept on a tight rein, copiously inspected, shamed and blamed as required: in general, subjected to the good old approach of: ' Find out what Johnny is doing and tell him to stop.' About the only exception to this somewhat severe attitude is at A-level, where the standard is simply golden. Often, comparisons are made between the performance of, say, English children and that of their coevals in other countries, with different customs, systems, aims and languages. But there has been a recent comparison of standards at A-level with a non-A-level system of pre-university education, in an English-speaking country that both sends students to English universities and accepts theirs into its own, and is, indeed, represented in the UK government at well above the level expected from its ethnical weighting in the population. This semi-foreign country is Scotland. The conclusions of the study are interesting. Scotland has had its own educational system, with `traditional breadth', and managed to escape much of the centralized authoritarianism that we have been through south of the border. It is interesting to note that, while for the past dozen years or so the trend in A-level Physics entries has been downwards, there has been an increase in the take-up of Scottish `Highers'. Highers is a one-year course. Is its popularity due to its being easier than A-level? Scottish students keen enough to do more can move on to the Certificate of Sixth Year Studies, and will shortly be able to upgrade a Higher Level into an Advanced Higher Level. A comparability study [ Comparability Study of Scottish Qualifications and GCE Advanced Levels: Report on Physics January 1998 (free from SQA)] was carried out by the Scottish Qualifications Authority (SQA) with the aim (amongst others) of helping
Heselton, Ken
2004-01-01
Containing key information for operators and managers of large and small plants, this is an indispensable guide for those at advanced and early stages of their careers, as well as for managers interested in reducing operating expenses.
Crew Transportation Operations Standards
Mango, Edward J.; Pearson, Don J. (Compiler)
2013-01-01
The Crew Transportation Operations Standards contains descriptions of ground and flight operations processes and specifications and the criteria which will be used to evaluate the acceptability of Commercial Providers' proposed processes and specifications.
Ranking Operations Management Conferences
Steenhuis, Harm-Jan; Bruijn, de Erik Joost; Gupta, Sushil; Laptaned, U.
2007-01-01
Several publications have appeared in the field of Operations Management which rank Operations Management related journals. Several ranking systems exist for journals based on , for example, perceived relevance and quality, citation, and author affiliation. Many academics also publish at conferences
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Operator cards are required for any operator of a charter/party boat and or a commercial vessel (including carrier and processor vessels) issued a vessel permit from...
Major operations and activities
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Black, D.G.
1995-06-01
This section of the 1994 Hanford Site Environmental Report summarizes the major operations and activities on the site. These operations and activities include site management, waste management, environmental restoration and corrective actions, and research and technology development.
Higher dimensional nonclassical eigenvalue asymptotics
Camus, Brice; Rautenberg, Nils
2015-02-01
In this article, we extend Simon's construction and results [B. Simon, J. Funct. Anal. 53(1), 84-98 (1983)] for leading order eigenvalue asymptotics to n-dimensional Schrödinger operators with non-confining potentials given by Hn α = - Δ + ∏ i = 1 n |x i| α i on ℝn (n > 2), α ≔ ( α 1 , … , α n ) ∈ ( R+ ∗ ) n . We apply the results to also derive the leading order spectral asymptotics in the case of the Dirichlet Laplacian -ΔD on domains Ωn α = { x ∈ R n : ∏ j = 1 n }x j| /α j α n < 1 } .
RHIC PLANS TOWARDS HIGHER LUMINOSITY
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
FEDOTOV,A.
2007-06-25
The Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is designed to provide luminosity over a wide range of beam energies and species, including heavy ions, polarized protons, and tric beam collisions. In the first seven years of operation there has been a rapid increase in the achieved peak and average luminosity, substantially exceeding design values. Work is presently underway to achieve the Enhanced Design parameters. Planned major upgrades include the Electron Beam Ion Source (EBIS), RHIC-11, and construction of an electron-ion collider (eRHIC). We review the expected RHIC upgrade performance. Electron cooling and its impact on the luminosity both for heavy ions and protons are discussed in detail.
Essentially slant Toeplitz operators
2009-01-01
The notion of an essentially slant Toeplitz operator on the space $L^2$ is introduced and some of the properties of the set ${\\rm ESTO}(L^2)$, the set of all essentially slant Toeplitz operators on $L^2$, are investigated. In particular the conditions under which the product of two operators in ${\\rm ESTO}(L^2)$ is in ${\\rm ESTO}(L^2)$ are discussed. The notion is generalized to $k$th-order essentially slant Toeplitz operators.
Fontana, Marco; Park, Mi Hee
2003-01-01
In this paper we study the star operations on a pullback of integral domains. In particular, we characterize the star operations of a domain arising from a pullback of ``a general type'' by introducing new techniques for ``projecting'' and ``lifting'' star operations under surjective homomorphisms of integral domains. We study the transfer in a pullback (or with respect to a surjective homomorphism) of some relevant classes or distinguished properties of star operations such as $v-, t-, w-, b...
Liu, Yukun; Guo, Liwei
2011-01-01
""UNIX Operating System: The Development Tutorial via UNIX Kernel Services"" introduces the hierarchical structure, principles, applications, kernel, shells, development, and management of the UNIX operation systems multi-dimensionally and systematically. It clarifies the natural bond between physical UNIX implementation and general operating system and software engineering theories, and presents self-explanatory illustrations for readers to visualize and understand the obscure relationships and intangible processes in UNIX operating system. This book is intended for engineers and researchers
Higher level string resonances in four dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Feng Wanzhe, E-mail: VicFengHunt@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Taylor, Tomasz R. [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States)
2012-03-11
We study higher level Regge resonances of open superstrings, focusing on the universal part of the Neveu-Schwarz sector common to all D-brane realizations of the standard model. For Regge states with masses far above the fundamental string scale, we discuss the spin-dependence of their decay rates into massless gauge bosons. Extending our previous work on lowest level string excitations, we study the second mass level at which spins range from 0 to 3. We construct the respective vertex operators and compute the amplitudes involving one massive particle and two or three gauge bosons. To illustrate the use of Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations in superstring theory, we build the four-gluon amplitude from on-shell amplitudes involving string resonances and gauge bosons.
Higher level string resonances in four dimensions
Feng, Wan-Zhe; Taylor, Tomasz R.
2012-03-01
We study higher level Regge resonances of open superstrings, focusing on the universal part of the Neveu-Schwarz sector common to all D-brane realizations of the standard model. For Regge states with masses far above the fundamental string scale, we discuss the spin-dependence of their decay rates into massless gauge bosons. Extending our previous work on lowest level string excitations, we study the second mass level at which spins range from 0 to 3. We construct the respective vertex operators and compute the amplitudes involving one massive particle and two or three gauge bosons. To illustrate the use of Britto-Cachazo-Feng-Witten (BCFW) recursion relations in superstring theory, we build the four-gluon amplitude from on-shell amplitudes involving string resonances and gauge bosons.
Focus and Higher-Order Unification
Gardent, C; Gardent, Claire; Kohlhase, Michael
1996-01-01
Pulman has shown that Higher--Order Unification (HOU) can be used to model the interpretation of focus. In this paper, we extend the unification--based approach to cases which are often seen as a test--bed for focus theory: utterances with multiple focus operators and second occurrence expressions. We then show that the resulting analysis favourably compares with two prominent theories of focus (namely, Rooth's Alternative Semantics and Krifka's Structured Meanings theory) in that it correctly generates interpretations which these alternative theories cannot yield. Finally, we discuss the formal properties of the approach and argue that even though HOU need not terminate, for the class of unification--problems dealt with in this paper, HOU avoids this shortcoming and is in fact computationally tractable.
Higher curvature supergravity and cosmology
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ferrara, Sergio [Th-Ph Department, CERN, Geneva (Switzerland); U.C.L.A., Los Angeles, CA (United States); INFN - LNF, Frascati (Italy); Sagnotti, Augusto [Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa (Italy); INFN, Pisa (Italy)
2016-04-15
In this contribution we describe dual higher-derivative formulations of some cosmological models based on supergravity. Work in this direction started with the R + R{sup 2} Starobinsky model, whose supersymmetric extension was derived in the late 80's and was recently revived in view of new CMB data. Models dual to higher-derivative theories are subject to more restrictions than their bosonic counterparts or standard supergravity. The three sections are devoted to a brief description of R + R{sup 2} supergravity, to a scale invariant R{sup 2} supergravity and to theories with a nilpotent curvature, whose duals describe non-linear realizations (in the form of a Volkov-Akulov constrained superfield) coupled to supergravity. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)
Charged gravastars in higher dimensions
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
S. Ghosh
2017-04-01
Full Text Available We explore possibility to find out a new model of gravastars in the extended D-dimensional Einstein–Maxwell space–time. The class of solutions as obtained by Mazur and Mottola of a neutral gravastar [1,2] have been observed as a competent alternative to D-dimensional versions of the Schwarzschild–Tangherlini black hole. The outer region of the charged gravastar model therefore corresponds to a higher dimensional Reissner–Nordström black hole. In connection to this junction conditions, therefore we have formulated mass and the related Equation of State of the gravastar. It has been shown that the model satisfies all the requirements of the physical features. However, overall observational survey of the results also provide probable indication of non-applicability of higher dimensional approach for construction of a gravastar with or without charge from an ordinary 4-dimensional seed as far as physical ground is concerned.
Higher dimensional loop quantum cosmology
Zhang, Xiangdong
2016-07-01
Loop quantum cosmology (LQC) is the symmetric sector of loop quantum gravity. In this paper, we generalize the structure of loop quantum cosmology to the theories with arbitrary spacetime dimensions. The isotropic and homogeneous cosmological model in n+1 dimensions is quantized by the loop quantization method. Interestingly, we find that the underlying quantum theories are divided into two qualitatively different sectors according to spacetime dimensions. The effective Hamiltonian and modified dynamical equations of n+1 dimensional LQC are obtained. Moreover, our results indicate that the classical big bang singularity is resolved in arbitrary spacetime dimensions by a quantum bounce. We also briefly discuss the similarities and differences between the n+1 dimensional model and the 3+1 dimensional one. Our model serves as a first example of higher dimensional loop quantum cosmology and offers the possibility to investigate quantum gravity effects in higher dimensional cosmology.
Numerical relativity in higher dimensions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zilhao, Miguel; Herdeiro, Carlos [Departamento de Fisica e Centro de Fisica do Porto, Faculdade de Ciencias da Universidade do Porto, Rua do Campo Alegre 687, 4169-007 Porto (Portugal); Witek, Helvi; Cardoso, Vitor; Nerozzi, Andrea [Centro Multidisciplinar de Astrofisica - CENTRA, Departamento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico - IST, Av. Rovisco Pais 1, 1049-001 Lisboa (Portugal); Sperhake, Ulrich [California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Gualtieri, Leonardo, E-mail: mzilhao@fc.up.p, E-mail: helvi.witek@ist.utl.p, E-mail: vitor.cardoso@ist.utl.p, E-mail: Leonardo.Gualtieri@roma1.infn.i, E-mail: crherdei@fc.up.p, E-mail: andrea.nerozzi@ist.utl.p, E-mail: sperhake@tapir.caltech.ed [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Roma ' Sapienza' and Sezione, INFN Roma1, P.A. Moro 5, 00185, Roma (Italy)
2010-05-01
We give a status report on our project targeted at performing numerical simulations of a head-on collision of non-spinning black holes in higher dimensional non-compact space-times. These simulations should help us understand black objects in higher dimensions and their stability properties. They are also relevant for the problem of black hole formation and evaporation in particle accelerators and cosmic rays. We use the symmetries of the system to reduce the problem to an effective 3+1 problem, allowing the use of existing numerical codes. As a simple application of the formalism, we present the results for the evolution of a five dimensional single black hole space-time.
1979-01-01
The measurements of hadron elastic scattering on protons at small angle (WA9 experiment) were extended at higher energies (NA8 experiment by the Clermont Ferrand-Leningrad-Lyon-Uppsala Collaboration). To this purpose the set-up was moved to the beam H8 in the EHN1 Hall of the SPS North Area. The photo shows the ionization chamber measuring the recoil energy (centre). Pierre Sahuc stands on the left.
HIGHER EDUCATION FUNDING IN ROMANIA
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
CHIRIŢESCU DOREL DUMITRU
2014-06-01
Full Text Available For each higher education institution an aggregate calculation is performed and it will lead to a position in the overall ranking of universities in Romania. This overall ranking will allow education consumer - pupil / student / parent, to create its own image of the potential and possibilities they can offer each of them. This classification is expected to be a fundamental element of acknowledgment in choosing a future institution where young people will study.
Academic Freedom in Higher Education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tokay GEDİKOĞLU
2013-12-01
Full Text Available In this study, the concept ‘academic freedom’ is discussed, its implications and value for the academics, institutions of higher education, and the society are focused, and a few suggestions for the Turkish higher education are made. Academic freedom is defined as the freedom of the academic staff to look for and to find the truth in their scientific field, to publish the findings, and to teach these findings to their students without any external intervention. The concept has gained a further definition with inclusion of research activities into academic freedom as part of the reform attempts started in the German higher education in the 19th century. Therefore, academic freedom is at the very core of the missions of the institutions of higher education; that is, teaching-learning and research. On the point of academic staff and their academic activities of the academic freedom, the subjects such as the aim of the course, choosing the teaching materials and textbooks, the lecturer, and the criteria for the measurement and evaluation of the course take place. And he point of research covers the aim of the study, academicians can’t be imposed the involve in an academic and artistic studies that conflict their values and beliefs; researchers should comply with codes of ethical principles and practices during the process of researching; and research outputs should be reported accurately and honestly without any misleading manipulation. Academic freedom does not provide any exemption from accountability in academic activities of the faculty, nor does it provide any right to act against the well-being of the society, current laws and regulations, and codes of ethical principles and practices.
Higher-Order Program Generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rhiger, Morten
This dissertation addresses the challenges of embedding programming languages, specializing generic programs to specific parameters, and generating specialized instances of programs directly as executable code. Our main tools are higher-order programming techniques and automatic program generatio......), using type-directed partial evaluation. Through various back ends, including a run-time code generator, we generate ML code, C code, and OCaml byte code...
Higher Education Governance under Neoliberalism
Shin, Jung Cheol
2014-01-01
This paper focuses on the manner in which governance structure of higher education is re-organized under neoliberalism. It highlights how states have centralized their powers in their relationships with the universities through performance-based accountability; research funding mechanisms; quality assurance; and various administrative mechanisms. These control mechanisms have different forms from previous legal regulations, and exert a more intensive and stronger influence on the university t...
Convolution Operators on Groups
Derighetti, Antoine
2011-01-01
This volume is devoted to a systematic study of the Banach algebra of the convolution operators of a locally compact group. Inspired by classical Fourier analysis we consider operators on Lp spaces, arriving at a description of these operators and Lp versions of the theorems of Wiener and Kaplansky-Helson.
Operations and maintenance philosophy
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
DUNCAN, G.P.
1999-10-28
This Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Philosophy document is intended to establish a future O&M vision, with an increased focus on minimizing worker exposure, ensuring uninterrupted retrieval operations, and minimizing operation life-cycle cost. It is intended that this document would incorporate O&M lessons learned into on-going and future project upgrades.
Gaiotto, Davide
2014-01-01
We reformulate the action of Verlinde line operators on conformal blocks in a 3d TFT language and extend it to line operators labelled by open paths joining punctures on the Riemann surface. We discuss the possible applications of open Verlinde line operators to quantum Teichm\\"uller theory, supersymmetric gauge theory and quantum groups
Mackie, Peter; Nellthorp, John; Laird, James
2005-01-01
Historically, road vehicle operating costs have tended to dominate highway economic appraisals in developing countries, due to the poor road surfaces that can occur there. The operating costs of railways and ports are also substantial, and form key components of cost benefit analyses of their associated infrastructure. The definition of operating costs for Bank projects is therefore important ...
On higher spin partition functions
Beccaria, M
2015-01-01
We observe that the partition function of the set of all free massless higher spins s=0,1,2,3,... in flat space is equal to one: the ghost determinants cancel against the "physical" ones or, equivalently, the (regularized) total number of degrees of freedom vanishes. This reflects large underlying gauge symmetry and suggests analogy with supersymmetric or topological theory. The Z=1 property extends also to the AdS background, i.e. the 1-loop vacuum partition function of Vasiliev theory is equal to 1 (assuming a particular regularization of the sum over spins); this was noticed earlier as a consistency requirement for the vectorial AdS/CFT duality. We find that Z=1 is also true in the conformal higher spin theory (with higher-derivative d^{2s} kinetic terms) expanded near flat or conformally flat S^4 background. We also consider the partition function of free conformal theory of symmetric traceless rank s tensor field which has 2-derivative kinetic term but only scalar gauge invariance in flat space. This non...
Dismantling the Curriculum in Higher Education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Richard Hall
2016-04-01
Full Text Available The higher education curriculum in the global North is increasingly co-opted for the production of measurable outcomes, framed by determinist narratives of employability and enterprise. Such co-option is immanent to processes of financialisation and marketisation, which encourage the production of quantifiable curriculum activities and tradable academic services. Yet the university is also affected by global socio-economic and socio-environmental crises, which can be expressed as a function of a broader crisis of social reproduction or sociability. As the labour of academics and students is increasingly driven by a commodity-valuation rooted in the measurement of performance, the ability for academics and students to respond to crises from inside the university is constrained by the market. This article argues that in understanding the relationship between the university and society, and in responding to a crisis of sociability, revealing the bounded nature of the curriculum is central. One possible way to address this crisis is by re-imagining the university through the co-operative practices of groups like the Dismantling the Masters House community and the Social Science Centre. Such an exploration, rooted in the organising principles of the curriculum, asks educators to consider how their curriculum reproduces an on-going colonisation by Capital. It is argued that such work enables a re-imagination of higher education that is rooted in a co-operative curriculum, and which might enable activist-educators to build an engaged curriculum, through which students and academics no longer simply learn to internalise, monitor and manage their own alienation.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Luís Antonio Groppo
2011-03-01
Full Text Available Resgatando a relação entre o Estado nacional e a universidade moderna, comenta-se sobre a criação do mito-realidade da nação em consonância com o mito-realidade da universidade- instituição, a qual estaria destinada a pensar sua nação e sua época de modo autônomo. Após apresentar as crises da universidade - de hegemonia, de legitimidade e institucional - o artigo busca relacionar a mais séria destas crises, a institucional, que ameaça tornar a universidade-instituição autônoma em universidade operacional, com a crise daquele Estado nacional, no contexto da globalização do capital. Finda apresentando os principais contornos da crise institucional da universidade no Brasil contemporâneo.Rescuing the relation between the State-nation and the modern university, is commented on the creation of the myth-reality of the nation in accord with the myth-reality of the institution university, which would be destined to think its nation and its time in autonomous way. After to present the crises of the university - of hegemony, of legitimacy and institutional - the article searches to relate the most serious of these crises, the institutional one, that threat to become the university institution-autonomous in operational university, with the crisis of that State-nation, in the context of the globalization of the capital. It ends presenting the main contours of the institutional crisis of the university in Brazil contemporary.
LEGRI Science Operation Center. Architecture and Operations
Blay, Pere; Suso, Julia; Robert, Almudena; Luis Requena, Jose; Alamo, Jorge; Reglero, Victor; Eyles, Chris J.
2001-03-01
The LEGRI Science Operation Center (SOC) is the single contact point between the MINISAT-01 Centro de Operaciones Científicas (COC) located at Villafranca del Castillo (Madrid) and the LEGRI Consortium. Its architecture, operational procedures and associated software has been developed at the Universities of Valencia and Birmingham on the scope to define a integrated Data Analysis System, able to perform the daily follow-up of the instrument health, raw data files decompression and archiving activities (on-line and historical). Pointing and telecommand files generation is also a SOC responsibility. The aim of this paper is to report the SOC activities during the two years of LEGRI operations. Conclusions about the SOC architecture and procedures evolution on how to handle the operations for space-borne instrumentation, are also presented. Special attention has been paid to the operative evaluation of the pointing reconstruction solutions from the MINISAT-01 Attitude Control System by comparing them with those obtained with the LEGRI Star Sensor. The analysis of one year of observations shows the good agreement between both sets of data. No systematic deviations have been found with an averaged standard deviation of 1 degree in alpha and delta coordinates. For most of the time the MINISAT pointing system is working slightly better than expected and within specifications.
Higher prices, higher quality? Evidence from German nursing homes.
Herr, Annika; Hottenrott, Hanna
2016-02-01
This study investigates the relationship between prices and quality of 7400 German nursing homes. We use a cross section of public quality reports for all German nursing homes, which had been evaluated between 2010 and 2013 by external institutions. Our analysis is based on multivariate regressions in a two stage least squares framework, where we instrument prices to explain their effect on quality controlling for income, nursing home density, demographics, labour market characteristics, and infrastructure at the regional level. Descriptive analysis shows that prices and quality do not only vary across nursing homes, but also across counties and federal states and that quality and prices correlate positively. Second, the econometric analysis, which accounts for the endogenous relation between negotiated price and reported quality, shows that quality indeed positively depends on prices. In addition, more places in nursing homes per people in need are correlated with both lower prices and higher quality. Finally, unobserved factors at the federal state level capture some of the variation of reported quality across nursing homes. Our results suggest that higher prices increase quality. Furthermore, since reported quality and prices vary substantially across federal states, we conclude that the quality and prices of long-term care facilities may well be compared within federal states but not across. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Enhancing Environmental Higher Education in Eastern Europe
Palmisano, E.; Caporali, E.; Valdiserri, J.
2010-12-01
Higher Education plays a central role in the development of both human beings and modern societies as it enhances social, cultural and economic development, active citizenship, ethical values and expertises for a sustainable growth. Different initiatives are taking place at world level to guarantee accessibility and right to higher education. The sustainability of human development has, as relevant key factors, environment protection and natural resources enhancement. Environment is therefore becoming more and more important at global level. The Environmental policy is object of discussions, in different prime minister summits and conferences, and constitutes a priority of policy in an increasing number of countries. The European Higher Education institutions, to achieve the objectives above, and to encourage cooperation between countries, may take part in a wide range of European Commission funded programmes, such as TEMPUS, which supports the modernisation of higher education and creates an area of co-operation in countries surrounding the EU. Some important projects run by the University of Florence are the TEMPUS DEREC-Development of Environmental and Resources Engineering Curriculum (2005-2008) and its spin-off called DEREL-Development of Environment and Resources Engineering Learning (2010-2013), recently recommended for funding by the European Commission. Through the co-operation of all project consortium members (Universities in Austria, Germany, Greece, FYR Macedonia, Albania and Serbia) they are aimed at the development and introduction of first and second level curricula in “Environmental and Resources Engineering” at the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje (FYR Macedonia). In the DEREC Project the conditions for offering a joint degree title in the field of Environmental Engineering between the University of Florence and the Ss. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje were fulfilled and a shared educational programme leading to the mutual
New Directions for Higher Education: Challenges, Opportunities, and Outcomes
Cleveland-Innes, Marta
Within the last few decades, pervasive technology and significant social and economic development have forever changed our society. Social and economic change has made it increasingly difficult for higher education to operate in insular ways; attention to changing demographics, global economies, and new social mores is required (Keller 2008). The potential reach of technology seems limitless and has already changed higher education institutions in "the way we organize ourselves, our policies, our culture, what faculty do, the way we work, and those we serve" (Ikenberry 1999, p. 63). Change in higher education to accommodate broader societal changes requires new ways of thinking about economic issues, accountability, technology, and the teaching-learning process. This chapter makes the challenges currently facing higher education explicit. It outlines the leadership traits and behaviors that are moving higher education into a hybrid version of traditional and distance institutions. Six principles of sound strategic planning for creating a new higher education enterprise are reviewed.
Operational symmetries basic operations in physics
Saller, Heinrich
2017-01-01
This book describes the endeavour to relate the particle spectrum with representations of operational electroweak spacetime, in analogy to the atomic spectrum as characterizing representations of hyperbolic space. The spectrum of hyperbolic position space explains the properties of the nonrelativistic atoms; the spectrum of electroweak spacetime is hoped to explain those of the basic interactions and elementary particles. In this book, the theory of operational symmetries is developed from the numbers, from Plato’s and Kepler’s symmetries over the simple Lie groups to their applications in nonrelativistic, special relativistic and general relativistic quantum theories with the atomic spectrum for hyperbolic position and, in first attempts, the particle spectrum for electroweak spacetime. The standard model of elementary particles and interactions is characterized by a symmetry group. In general, as initiated by Weyl and stressed by Heisenberg, quantum theory can be built as a theory of operation groups an...
Higher dimensional discrete Cheeger inequalities
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anna Gundert
2015-01-01
Full Text Available For graphs there exists a strong connection between spectral and combinatorial expansion properties. This is expressed, e.g., by the discrete Cheeger inequality, the lower bound of which states that $\\lambda(G \\leq h(G$, where $\\lambda(G$ is the second smallest eigenvalue of the Laplacian of a graph $G$ and $h(G$ is the Cheeger constant measuring the edge expansion of $G$. We are interested in generalizations of expansion properties to finite simplicial complexes of higher dimension (or uniform hypergraphs. Whereas higher dimensional Laplacians were introduced already in 1945 by Eckmann, the generalization of edge expansion to simplicial complexes is not straightforward. Recently, a topologically motivated notion analogous to edge expansion that is based on $\\mathbb{Z}_2$-cohomology was introduced by Gromov and independently by Linial, Meshulam and Wallach. It is known that for this generalization there is no direct higher dimensional analogue of the lower bound of the Cheeger inequality. A different, combinatorially motivated generalization of the Cheeger constant, denoted by $h(X$, was studied by Parzanchevski, Rosenthal and Tessler. They showed that indeed $\\lambda(X \\leq h(X$, where $\\lambda(X$ is the smallest non-trivial eigenvalue of the ($(k-1$-dimensional upper Laplacian, for the case of $k$-dimensional simplicial complexes $X$ with complete $(k-1$-skeleton. Whether this inequality also holds for $k$-dimensional complexes with non-com\\-plete$(k-1$-skeleton has been an open question.We give two proofs of the inequality for arbitrary complexes. The proofs differ strongly in the methods and structures employed,and each allows for a different kind of additional strengthening of the original result.
Disruptive technologies in higher education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael Flavin
2012-08-01
Full Text Available This paper analyses the role of “disruptive” innovative technologies in higher education. In this country and elsewhere, Higher Education Institutions (HEIs have invested significant sums in learning technologies, with Virtual Learning Environments (VLEs being more or less universal, but these technologies have not been universally adopted and used by students and staff. Instead, other technologies not owned or controlled by HEIs are widely used to support learning and teaching. According to Christensen's theory of Disruptive Innovation, these disruptive technologies are not designed explicitly to support learning and teaching in higher education, but have educational potential. This study uses Activity Theory and Expansive Learning to analyse data regarding the impact of disruptive technologies. The data were obtained through a questionnaire survey about awareness and use of technologies, and through observation and interviews, exploring participants’ actual practice. The survey answers tended to endorse Disruptive Innovation theory, with participants establishing meanings for technologies through their use of them, rather than in keeping with a designer's intentions. Observation revealed that learners use a narrow range of technologies to support learning, but with a tendency to use resources other than those supplied by their HEIs. Interviews showed that participants use simple and convenient technologies to support their learning and teaching. This study identifies a contradiction between learning technologies made available by HEIs, and technologies used in practice. There is no evidence to suggest that a wide range of technologies is being used to support learning and teaching. Instead, a small range of technologies is being used for a wide range of tasks. Students and lecturers are not dependent on their HEIs to support learning and teaching. Instead, they self-select technologies, with use weighted towards established brands. The
Higher Education: A Time for Triage?
Lagowski, J. J.
1995-10-01
Higher education faces unprecedented challenges. The confluence of changing economic and demographic tends; new patterns of federal and state spending; more explicit expectations by students and their families for affordable, accessible education; and heightened scrutiny by those who claim a legitimate interest in higher education is inescapably altering the environment in which this system operates. Higher education will never again be as it was before. Further, many believe that tinkering around the margins is no longer an adequate response to the new demands. Fundamental change is deemed necessary to meet the challenge of this melange of pressures. A number of commentators have observed that political and corporate America have responded to their challenges by instituting a fundamental restructuring of those institutions. The medical community is also in the midst of a similar basic restructuring of the health care delivery system in this country. Now its education's turn. People are questioning the historically expressed mission of higher education. They make the claim that we cost too much, spend carelessly, teach poorly, plan myopically, and when questioned, act defensively. Educational administrators, from department chairs up, are confronted with the task of simultaneously reforming and cutting back. They have no choice. They must establish politically sophisticated priority settings and effect a hard-nosed reallocation of resources in a social environment where competing public needs have equivalent--or stronger--emotional pulls. Triage in a medical context involves confronting an emergency in which the demand for attention far outstrips available assistance by establishing a sequence of care in which one key individual orchestrates the application of harsh priorities which have been designed to maximize the number of survivors. In recent years, the decisions that have been made in some centers of higher education bear a striking similarity. The literature
Asymptotic vacua with higher derivatives
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Spiros Cotsakis
2016-04-01
Full Text Available We study limits of vacuum, isotropic universes in the full, effective, four-dimensional theory with higher derivatives. We show that all flat vacua as well as general curved ones are globally attracted by the standard, square root scaling solution at early times. Open vacua asymptote to horizon-free, Milne states in both directions while closed universes exhibit more complex logarithmic singularities, starting from initial data sets of a possibly smaller dimension. We also discuss the relation of our results to the asymptotic stability of the passage through the singularity in ekpyrotic and cyclic cosmologies.
Asymptotic vacua with higher derivatives
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cotsakis, Spiros, E-mail: skot@aegean.gr [Department of Mathematics, American University of the Middle East, P.O. Box 220 Dasman, 15453 (Kuwait); Kadry, Seifedine, E-mail: Seifedine.Kadry@aum.edu.kw [Department of Mathematics, American University of the Middle East, P.O. Box 220 Dasman, 15453 (Kuwait); Kolionis, Georgios, E-mail: gkolionis@aegean.gr [Research group of Geometry, Dynamical Systems and Cosmology, University of the Aegean, Karlovassi 83200, Samos (Greece); Tsokaros, Antonios, E-mail: atsok@aegean.gr [Research group of Geometry, Dynamical Systems and Cosmology, University of the Aegean, Karlovassi 83200, Samos (Greece)
2016-04-10
We study limits of vacuum, isotropic universes in the full, effective, four-dimensional theory with higher derivatives. We show that all flat vacua as well as general curved ones are globally attracted by the standard, square root scaling solution at early times. Open vacua asymptote to horizon-free, Milne states in both directions while closed universes exhibit more complex logarithmic singularities, starting from initial data sets of a possibly smaller dimension. We also discuss the relation of our results to the asymptotic stability of the passage through the singularity in ekpyrotic and cyclic cosmologies.
A course of higher mathematics
Smirnov, Vladimir Ivanovich
1964-01-01
A Course of Higher Mathematics, Volume II: Advanced Calculus covers the theory of functions of real variable in advanced calculus. This volume is divided into seven chapters and begins with a full discussion of the solution of ordinary differential equations with many applications to the treatment of physical problems. This topic is followed by an account of the properties of multiple integrals and of line integrals, with a valuable section on the theory of measurable sets and of multiple integrals. The subsequent chapters deal with the mathematics necessary to the examination of problems in
Innovations in higher medical education
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Popkov V.M.
2014-03-01
Full Text Available The article is devoted to the innovations in the higher medical education. Particular attention in this sphere is paid to the detailed analysis of the subject as a mechanism of cognition and psycho-emotional aspect. It should be noticed that the development of the university education demands the integration of functional systems to study the general medicine and the art of healing. In conclusion it has been found out that the new methodological approach is necessary to bring the teacher closer to the subject particularly to integrate the relation of the opposites.
Noether theorems and higher derivatives
Townsend, Paul K
2016-01-01
A simple proof of Noether's first theorem involves the promotion of a constant symmetry parameter $\\epsilon$ to an arbitrary function of time; the Noether charge $Q$ is then the coefficient of $\\dot\\epsilon$ in the variation of the action. Here we examine the validity of this proof for Lagrangian mechanics with arbitrarily-high time derivatives, in which context "higher-level" analogs of Noether's theorem can be similarly proved, and "Noetherian charges" read off from, e.g. the coefficient of $\\ddot \\epsilon$ in the variation of the action. While $Q=0$ implies a restricted gauge invariance, an unrestricted gauge invariance requires zero Noetherian charges too. Some illustrative examples are considered.
CLAS Capabilities at Higher Energies
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Stepan Stepanyan
1998-06-01
In order to study the capability of the Hall B CLAS detector at high energies, we studied the resolution and the acceptance for various final states in the electroproduction on a proton target at 10 GeV beam energy. We find that, although CLAS can do some of the interesting physics at higher energies in the present configuration, several modifications can significantly improve the overall physics acceptable to CLAS at high energies. In this report, we present some of the results of those studies with suggestions on possible detector improvements to optimize the physics capabilities of CLAS.
Higher dimensional nonlinear massive gravity
Do, Tuan Q
2016-01-01
Inspired by a recent ghost-free nonlinear massive gravity in four-dimensional spacetime, we study its higher dimensional scenarios. As a result, we are able to show the constant-like behavior of massive graviton terms for some well-known metrics such as the Friedmann-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker, Bianchi type I, and Schwarzschild-Tangherlini-(A)dS metrics in a specific five-dimensional nonlinear massive gravity under an assumption that its fiducial metrics are compatible with physical ones. In addition, some simple cosmological solutions of the five-dimensional massive gravity will be figured out consistently.
Chiral gravity in higher dimensions
Ootsuka, T; Ura, K; Ootsuka, Takayoshi; Tanaka, Erico; Ura, Kousuke
2003-01-01
We construct a chiral theory of gravity in 7 and 8 dimensions, which are equivalent to Einstein-Cartan theory using less variables. In these dimensions, we can construct such higher dimensional chiral gravity because of the existence of gravitational instanton. The octonionic-valued variables in the theory represent the deviation from the gravitational instanton, and from their non-associativity, prevents the theory to be SO(n) gauge invariant. Still the chiral gravity holds G_2 (7-D), and Spin(7) (8-D) gauge symmetry.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Enkvist, J.; Edland, A.; Svenson, Ola [Stockholm Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Psychology
2000-05-15
In the process industries there is a need of inspecting the integrity of critical components without disrupting the process. Such in-service inspections are typically performed with non-destructive testing (NDT). In NDT the task of the operator is to (based on diagnostic information) decide if the component can remain in service or not. The present study looks at the performance in NDT. The aim is to improve performance, in the long run, by exploring the operators' decision strategies and other underlying factors and to this way find out what makes some operators more successful than others. Sixteen operators performed manual ultrasonic inspections of four test pieces with the aim to detect (implanted) cracks. In addition to these performance demonstration tests (PDT), the operators performed independent ability tests and filled out questionnaires. The results show that operators who trust their gut feeling more than the procedure (when the two come to different results) and that at the same time have a positive attitude towards the procedure have a higher PDT performance. These results indicate the need for operators to be motivated and confident when performing NDT. It was also found that the operators who performed better rated more decision criteria higher in the detection phase than the operators who performed worse. For characterizing it was the other way around. Also, the operators who performed better used more time, both detecting and characterizing, than the operators who performed worse.
Cognitive Performance in Operational Environments
Russo, Michael; McGhee, James; Friedler, Edna; Thomas, Maria
2005-01-01
Optimal cognition during complex and sustained operations is a critical component for success in current and future military operations. "Cognitive Performance, Judgment, and Decision-making" (CPJD) is a newly organized U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command research program focused on sustaining operational effectiveness of Future Force Warriors by developing paradigms through which militarily-relevant, higher-order cognitive performance, judgment, and decision-making can be assessed and sustained in individuals, small teams, and leaders of network-centric fighting units. CPJD evaluates the impact of stressors intrinsic to military operational environments (e.g., sleep deprivation, workload, fatigue, temperature extremes, altitude, environmental/physiological disruption) on military performance, evaluates noninvasive automated methods for monitoring and predicting cognitive performance, and investigates pharmaceutical strategies (e.g., stimulant countermeasures, hypnotics) to mitigate performance decrements. This manuscript describes the CPJD program, discusses the metrics utilized to relate militarily applied research findings to academic research, and discusses how the simulated combat capabilities of a synthetic battle laboratory may facilitate future cognitive performance research.
Your Lung Operation: After Your Operation
Full Text Available ... Want to Be a RAS-ACS Leader International Exchange Scholar Program Resources RAS E-News Operation Giving ... E-Learning Evidence-Based Decisions in Surgery Medical Student Resources So You Want to Be a Surgeon ...
Unconventional Operations Forces of Special Operations
1993-04-15
neighbors. 28. Samuel Huntington is an Eaton Professor of the Science of Government and Director of the John M. Olin Institute of Strategic Studies at the...1944. Special Operations in US Strategy. Ed by Frank R. Barnett, B. Hugh Tovar and Richard H. Shultz. Washington: National Defense University Press
Grand Unification in Higher Dimensions
Hall, L J; Hall, Lawrence J.; Nomura, Yasunori
2003-01-01
We have recently proposed an alternative picture for the physics at the scale of gauge coupling unification, where the unified symmetry is realized in higher dimensions but is broken locally by a symmetry breaking defect. Gauge coupling unification, the quantum numbers of quarks and leptons and the longevity of the proton arise as phenomena of the symmetrical bulk, while the lightness of the Higgs doublets and the masses of the light quarks and leptons probe the symmetry breaking defect. Moreover, the framework is extremely predictive if the effective higher dimensional theory is valid over a large energy interval up to the scale of strong coupling. Precise agreement with experiments is obtained in the simplest theory --- SU(5) in five dimensions with two Higgs multiplets propagating in the bulk. The weak mixing angle is predicted to be sin^2theta_w = 0.2313 \\pm 0.0004, which fits the data with extraordinary accuracy. The compactification scale and the strong coupling scale are determined to be M_c \\simeq 5 x...
Evolution equations for higher moments of angular momentum distributions
Hägler, P
1998-01-01
Based on a sumrule for the nucleon spin we expand quark and gluon orbital angular momentum operators and derive an evolution matrix for higher moments of the corresponding distributions. In combination with the spin-dependent DGLAP-matrix we find a complete set of spin and orbital angular momentum evolution equations.
Higher Level Learning: Universities and Employers Working Together
Elliot-Major, Lee
2006-01-01
This publication is a timely reminder of the innovative ways in which universities are providing skilled graduates for all sections of the economy. Working with employers is key to this; as the higher education (HE) sector begins to operate in a competitive market, employer-led provision will enable delivery of the skills that the labour market…
The Structure of Higher Education: Order in the Academy
Smith, Clair A.
2009-01-01
Higher education in the U.S. is provided by an interesting mix of public, private non-profit, and for-profit institutions. The for-profit educational firm serves the residual claimant owners and has the greatest incentive for efficient operation. The public and private non-profit schools have less efficient incentives, but benefit from charitable…
The Teodorescu Operator in Clifford Analysis
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
F.BRACKX; H.De SCHEPPER; M.E.LUNA-ELIZARRAR(A)S; M.SHAPIRO
2012-01-01
Euclidean Clifford analysis is a higher dimensional function theory centred around monogenic functions,i.e.,null solutions to a first order vector valued rotation invariant differential operator (θ) called the Dirac operator.More recently,Hermitian Clifford analysis has emerged as a new branch,offering yet a refinement of the Euclidean case; it focuses on the simultaneous null solutions,called Hermitian monogenic functions,to two Hermitian Dirac operators (θ)z_ and (θ)z_(+) which are invariant under the action of the unitary group.In Euclidean Clifford analysis,the Teodorescu operator is the right inverse of the Dirac operator (θ).In this paper,Teodorescu operators for the Hermitian Dirac operators (θ)z_ and (θ)z(+) are constructed.Moreover,the structure of the Euclidean and Hermitian Teodorescu operators is revealed by analyzing the more subtle behaviour of their components.Finally,the obtained inversion relations are still refined for the differential operators issuing from the Euclidean and Hermitian Dirac operators by splitting the Clifford algebra product into its dot and wedge parts.Their relationship with several complex variables theory is discussed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
1988-01-01
The Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 assigned to the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Civilian Waste Management the responsibility for disposing of high-level waste and spent fuel. A significant part of that responsibility involves transporting nuclear waste materials within the federal waste management system; that is, from the waste generator to the repository. The lead responsibility for transportation operations has been assigned to Oak Ridge Operations, with Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) providing technical support through the Transportation Operations Support Task Group. One of the ORNL support activities involves assessing what facilities, equipment and services are required to assure that an acceptable, cost-effective and safe transportation operations system can be designed, operated and maintained. This study reviews, surveys and assesses the experience of Nuclear Assurance Corporation (NAC) in operating a fleet of spent-fuel shipping casks to aid in developing the spent-fuel transportation system.
Brandli, A. E.; Eckelkamp, R. E.; Kelly, C. M.; Mccandless, W.; Rue, D. L.
1990-01-01
The objective of an operations management system is to provide an orderly and efficient method to operate and maintain aerospace vehicles. Concepts are described for an operations management system and the key technologies are highlighted which will be required if this capability is brought to fruition. Without this automation and decision aiding capability, the growing complexity of avionics will result in an unmanageable workload for the operator, ultimately threatening mission success or survivability of the aircraft or space system. The key technologies include expert system application to operational tasks such as replanning, equipment diagnostics and checkout, global system management, and advanced man machine interfaces. The economical development of operations management systems, which are largely software, will require advancements in other technological areas such as software engineering and computer hardware.
Higher-Order Program Generation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Rhiger, Morten
to the disproportion between general programs that can be executed in several contexts and their specialized counterparts that can be executed efficiently. However, stand-alone partial evaluation is usually too costly when a program must be specialized at run time. We introduce a collection of byte-code combinators...... for OCaml, a dialect of ML, that provides run-time code generation for OCaml programs. We apply these byte-code combinators in semantics-directed compilation for an imperative language and in run-time specialization using type-directed partial evaluation. Finally, we present an approach to compiling goal......This dissertation addresses the challenges of embedding programming languages, specializing generic programs to specific parameters, and generating specialized instances of programs directly as executable code. Our main tools are higher-order programming techniques and automatic program generation...
Library assessment in higher education
Matthews, Joseph R
2015-01-01
Academic libraries are increasingly being asked to demonstrate their value as one of many units on campus, but determining the outcomes of an academic library within the context of its collegiate setting is challenging. This book explains and clarifies the practice of assessment in academic institutions, enabling library managers to better understand and explain the impact of the library on student learning outcomes, teaching effectiveness, and research productivity. Providing essential information for all college and university librarians, this volume discusses and summarizes the outcomes of research that has been conducted to investigate assessment within the context of higher education. This updated second edition incorporates additional research, examines new trends, and covers groundbreaking advances in digital assessment tools as well as the changes in the amount and forms of data utilized in the assessment process. The chapters address assessment from a campus setting and present data that demonstrate...
Scientific collaboratories in higher education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sonnenwald, Diane H.; Li, Bin
2003-01-01
their development. We conducted a repeated-measures study that provided data regarding social interaction learning styles and perceptions of a scientific collaboratory system from 40 university science students working face-to-face and remotely. Students with a strong competitive learning style preference or who......Scientific collaboratories hold the promise of providing students access to specialized scientific instruments, data and experts, enabling learning opportunities perhaps otherwise not available. However, evaluation of scientific collaboratories in higher education has lagged behind...... worked with a student with a strong competitive learning style reported a slightly more positive perception of the relative advantage, compatibility and complexity of the collaboratory system. Students with a strong individualistic learning style preference or who worked with a student with a strong...
What are Higher Psychological Functions?
Toomela, Aaro
2016-03-01
The concept of Higher Psychological Functions (HPFs) may seem to be well know in psychology today. Yet closer analysis reveals that HPFs are either not defined at all or if defined, then by a set of characteristics not justified theoretically. It is not possible to determine whether HPFs exist or not, unless they are defined. Most commonly the idea of HPFs is related to Vygotsky's theory. According to him, HPFs are: (1) psychological systems, (2) developing from natural processes, (3) mediated by symbols, (4) forms of psychological cooperation, which are (5) internalized in the course of development, (6) products of historical development, (7) conscious and (8) voluntary (9) active forms of adaptation to the environment, (10) dynamically changing in development, and (11) ontogeny of HPFs recapitulates cultural history. In this article these characteristics are discussed together with the relations among them. It is concluded that HPFs are real psychological phenomena.
Eigenvalues of singular differential operators by finite difference methods. II.
Baxley, J. V.
1972-01-01
Note is made of an earlier paper which defined finite difference operators for the Hilbert space L2(m), and gave the eigenvalues for these operators. The present work examines eigenvalues for higher order singular differential operators by using finite difference methods. The two self-adjoint operators investigated are defined by a particular value in the same Hilbert space, L2(m), and are strictly positive with compact inverses. A class of finite difference operators is considered, with the idea of application to the theory of Toeplitz matrices. The approximating operators consist of a good approximation plus a perturbing operator.
Grand unification in higher dimensions
Hall, Lawrence J.; Nomura, Yasunori
2003-07-01
We have recently proposed an alternative picture for the physics at the scale of gauge coupling unification, where the unified symmetry is realized in higher dimensions but is broken locally by a symmetry breaking defect. Gauge coupling unification, the quantum numbers of quarks and leptons and the longevity of the proton arise as phenomena of the symmetrical bulk, while the lightness of the Higgs doublets and the masses of the light quarks and leptons probe the symmetry breaking defect. Moreover, the framework is extremely predictive if the effective higher dimensional theory is valid over a large energy interval up to the scale of strong coupling. Precise agreement with experiments is obtained in the simplest theory— SU(5) in five dimensions with two Higgs multiplets propagating in the bulk. The weak mixing angle is predicted to be sin 2θw=0.2313±0.0004, which fits the data with extraordinary accuracy. The compactification scale and the strong coupling scale are determined to be M c≃5×10 14 GeV and M s≃1×10 17 GeV, respectively. Proton decay with a lifetime of order 10 34 years is expected with a variety of final states such as e+π0, and several aspects of flavor, including large neutrino mixing angles, are understood by the geometrical locations of the matter fields. When combined with a particular supersymmetry breaking mechanism, the theory predicts large lepton flavor violating μ→ e and τ→ μ transitions, with all superpartner masses determined by only two free parameters. The predicted value of the bottom quark mass from Yukawa unification agrees well with the data. This paper is mainly a review of the work presented in hep-ph/0103125, hep-ph/0111068, and hep-ph/0205067 [1-3].
Operational Modal Analysis Tutorial
Brincker, Rune; Andersen, Palle
2007-01-01
In this paper the basic principles in operational modal testing and analysis are presented and discussed. A brief review of the techniques for operational modal testing and identification is presented, and it is argued, that there is now a wide range of techniques for effective identification of modal parameters of practical interest - including the mode shape scaling factor - with a high degree of accuracy. It is also argued that the operational technology offers the user a number of advanta...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
ZHANG Peng-Fei; RUAN Tu-Nan
2001-01-01
A systematic theory on the appropriate spin operators for the relativistic states is developed. For a massive relativistic particle with arbitrary nonzero spin, the spin operator should be replaced with the relativistic one, which is called in this paper as moving spin. Further the concept of moving spin is discussed in the quantum field theory. A new is constructed. It is shown that, in virtue of the two operators, problems in quantum field concerned spin can be neatly settled.
Krichever, Igor M.; Sheinman, Oleg K.
2007-01-01
In this paper we develop a general concept of Lax operators on algebraic curves introduced in [1]. We observe that the space of Lax operators is closed with respect to their usual multiplication as matrix-valued functions. We construct the orthogonal and symplectic analogs of Lax operators, prove that they constitute almost graded Lie algebras and construct local central extensions of those Lie algebras.
2015 Special Operations Essays
2015-05-01
stability operations in Afghanistan.19 27 Goldstein: The First Women in SOF The persistent cultural stereotype of the female spy is of a hyper-sexual...outreach, and research in the science and art of joint special operations. JSOU provides education to the men and women of SOF and to those who...Human Domain in Warfare ................................ 11 The First Women in SOF: Women Operatives in the OSS and SOE as a Framework for the
1985-01-01
Long-term and short-term objectives for the development of a network operating system for the Space Station are stated. The short-term objective is to develop a prototype network operating system for a 100 megabit/second fiber optic data bus. The long-term objective is to establish guidelines for writing a detailed specification for a Space Station network operating system. Major milestones are noted. Information is given in outline form.
Daumer, Martin; Dürr, Detlef; Goldstein, Sheldon; Zanghì, Nino
1996-01-01
A source of much difficulty and confusion in the interpretation of quantum mechanics is a ``naive realism about operators.'' By this we refer to various ways of taking too seriously the notion of operator-as-observable, and in particular to the all too casual talk about ``measuring operators'' that occurs when the subject is quantum mechanics. Without a specification of what should be meant by ``measuring'' a quantum observable, such an expression can have no clear meaning. A definite specifi...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Brian Jefferies
2014-01-01
Full Text Available A bounded linear operator T on a Hilbert space ℋ is trace class if its singular values are summable. The trace class operators on ℋ form an operator ideal and in the case that ℋ is finite-dimensional, the trace tr(T of T is given by ∑jajj for any matrix representation {aij} of T. In applications of trace class operators to scattering theory and representation theory, the subject is complicated by the fact that if k is an integral kernel of the operator T on the Hilbert space L2(μ with μ a σ-finite measure, then k(x,x may not be defined, because the diagonal {(x,x} may be a set of (μ⊗μ-measure zero. The present note describes a class of linear operators acting on a Banach function space X which forms a lattice ideal of operators on X, rather than an operator ideal, but coincides with the collection of hermitian positive trace class operators in the case of X=L2(μ.
Sunder, V S
2016-01-01
The primarily objective of the book is to serve as a primer on the theory of bounded linear operators on separable Hilbert space. The book presents the spectral theorem as a statement on the existence of a unique continuous and measurable functional calculus. It discusses a proof without digressing into a course on the Gelfand theory of commutative Banach algebras. The book also introduces the reader to the basic facts concerning the various von Neumann–Schatten ideals, the compact operators, the trace-class operators and all bounded operators. .
Operator interface for vehicles
Bissontz, Jay E
2015-03-10
A control interface for drivetrain braking provided by a regenerative brake and a non-regenerative brake is implemented using a combination of switches and graphic interface elements. The control interface comprises a control system for allocating drivetrain braking effort between the regenerative brake and the non-regenerative brake, a first operator actuated control for enabling operation of the drivetrain braking, and a second operator actuated control for selecting a target braking effort for drivetrain braking. A graphic display displays to an operator the selected target braking effort and can be used to further display actual braking effort achieved by drivetrain braking.
Miscellaneous Industrial Mineral Operations
Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes miscellaneous industrial minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team...
Arduini, G; Pieloni, T; Rumolo, G
2015-01-01
The HL-LHC will introduce a number of novel operational features and challenges including luminosity leveling. After a brief recap of the possible leveling techniques, the potential impact of the operational regime on overall efficiency is discussed. A breakdown of the operational cycle and the standard operational year, together with a discussion of fault time is presented. The potential performance is then explored and estimates of the required machine availability and efficiency for 250 fb−1 per year are given. Finally the e-cloud challenges, scrubbing runs requirements, and machine development potential are outlined.
Airline Operation Center Workstation
Department of Transportation — The Airline Operation Center Workstation (AOC Workstation) represents equipment available to users of the National Airspace system, outside of the FAA, that enables...
Cyberspace Operations in Support of Counterinsurgency Operations
2013-04-10
probability it is being used for strategic communication, information operations (io), advertisement for recruits, so- licitation of funding and ongoing...reliability. implementation plans and advertising exist for 3G- and General Packet Radio Service-based networks, which will mark a significant jump in...substantial role in contributing to the coordination efforts of protestors. Websites such as facebook and twitter, various blogs and the use of text messages
Operational Transformation In Co-Operative Editing
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Mandeep Kaur
2015-08-01
Full Text Available Cooperative Editing Systems in real-time allows a virtual team to view and edit a shared document at the same time. The document shared must be synchronized in order to ensure consistency for all the participants. This paper describes the Operational Transformation the evolution of its techniques its various applications major issues and achievements. In addition this paper will present working of a platform where two users can edit a code programming file at the same time.
Operational Transformation In Co-Operative Editing
Mandeep Kaur; Manpreet Singh; Harneet Kaur; Simran Kaur
2015-01-01
Cooperative Editing Systems in real-time allows a virtual team to view and edit a shared document at the same time. The document shared must be synchronized in order to ensure consistency for all the participants. This paper describes the Operational Transformation the evolution of its techniques its various applications major issues and achievements. In addition this paper will present working of a platform where two users can edit a code programming file at the same time.
Dynamics of Microvalve Operations in Integrated Microfluidics
Alan T. H. Lau; Hon Ming Yip; Kathy C. C. Ng; Xin Cui; Lam, Raymond H. W.
2014-01-01
Pneumatic microvalves are widely used key components for automating liquid manipulation and flow control in microfluidics for more than one decade. Due to their robust operations and the ease of fabrication, tremendous microfluidic systems have been developed with the multiple microvalves for higher throughput and extended functionalities. Therefore, operation performance of the microvalves in the integrated microfluidic devices is crucial to the related applications, in fields such as micro-...
A polyphasic study was undertaken to determine the taxonomic status of a Streptomyces strain which had been isolated from a high altitude Atacama Desert soil and shown to have bioactive properties. The strain, isolate H9T, was found to have chemotaxonomic, cultural, and morphological properties that...
Somatic hybridization in higher plants.
Constabel, F
1976-11-01
Somatic hybridization in higher plants has come into focus since methods have been established for protoplast fusion and uptake of foreign DNA and organelles by protoplasts. Polyethylene glycol (PEG) was an effective agent for inducing fusion. Treatment of protoplasts with PEG resulted in 5 to 30% heterospecific fusion products. Protoplasts of different species, genera and even families were compatible when fused. A number of protoplast combinations (soybean + corn, soybean + pea, soybean + tobacco, carrot + barley, etc.) provided fusion products which underwent cell division and callus formation. Fusion products initially were heterokaryocytes. In dividing heterokaryocytes, random distribution of mitotic nuclei was observed to be accompanied by multiple wall formation and to result in chimeral callus. Juxtaposition of mitotic nuclei suggested nuclear fusion and hybrid formation. Fusion of heterospecific interphase nuclei was demonstrated in soybean + pea and carrot + barley heterokaryons. Provided parental protoplasts carry suitable markers, the fusion products can be recognized. For the isolation and cloning of hybrid cells, fusion experiments must be supplemented with a selective system. Complementation of two non-allelic genes that prevent or inhibit growth under special culture conditions appears as the principle on which to base the selection of somatic hybrids. As protoplasts of some species have been induced to regenerate entire plants, the development of hybrid plants from protoplast fusion products is feasible and has already been demonstrated for tobacco.
Faris, Grant
2012-01-01
Integrate the mission operations assurance function into the flight team providing: (1) value added support in identifying, mitigating, and communicating the project's risks and, (2) being an essential member of the team during the test activities, training exercises and critical flight operations.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘叙华; 邓安生
1994-01-01
A new approach of operator fuzzy logic, Boolean operator fuzzy logic (BOFL) based on Boolean algebra, is presented. The resolution principle is also introduced into BOFL. BOFL is a natural generalization of classical logic and can be applied to the qualitative description of fuzzy knowledge.
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Administrator
military technology (command language) will ensure proper communication within the framework ... The use of military power must be understood within this framework. Baucom ... European, Mediterranean and Russian theatres of operation. ... operations to accomplish a common objective, normally within a given time and.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ovidiu T. Pop
2007-01-01
Full Text Available Using the method of Jakimovski and Leviatan from their work in 1969, we construct a general class of linear positive operators. We study the convergence, the evaluation for the rate of convergence in terms of the first modulus of smoothness and we give a Voronovskaja-type theorem for these operators.
Hans, Erwin W.; Nieberg, Tim
2007-01-01
The operating room (OR) department of a hospital forms the heart of the organization, where the single largest cost is incurred. This document presents and reports on the “Operating Room Manager Game,” developed to give insight into managing a large hospital's OR department at various levels of cont
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Zhong Jin RUAN (Zhong-Jin Ruan)
2003-01-01
During the last ten to fifteen years , a lot of progress has been achieved in the study ofcomplex operator spaces. In this paper, we show that a corresponding theory can be developed forreal operator spaces. With some appropriate modifications, many complex results still hold for realoperator spaces.
Health care operations management
Carter, M.W.; Hans, Elias W.; Kolisch, R.
2012-01-01
Health care operations management has become a major topic for health care service providers and society. Operations research already has and further will make considerable contributions for the effective and efficient delivery of health care services. This special issue collects seven carefully
Custodial Operations: Green & Sustainable
Campbell, J. Kirk
2008-01-01
Custodial Operations can have a significant impact on institutional green and sustainable goals if given the proper support and challenge. This article describes the green and sustainable custodial operations in place at Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota. The article reviews the college's sustainable efforts on biodegradables, packaging,…
Operation plan : Alviso System
US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This is the operation plan for ponds A2W, A3W, A7, A14, and A16 in the Alviso System at San Francisco Bay NWR Complex. Operating instructions for both winter and...
Sustainable Building Operation
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jensen, Jesper Ole
2009-01-01
Energy-savings in the existing building stock have becomes a main goal in national and international policies. Often focus is on building-renovations, whereas the potential of sustainable building operation to a large extent has been neglected. Nevertheless, international research as well...... as practical experiences from Danish housing estates indicates that there are large potentials for energy savings by focusing on the operation of the buildings. We suggest that in order to achieve sustainability in the existing housing, renovation and operations should be seen as integrated parts...... building operation as an 'umbrella' for various ways of reducing flows of energy, water and waste in the daily operation of the buildings, for instance by regular monitoring the consumption, by using 'green accounting', by applying policies for sustainability etc. The paper is based on case studies...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Gardner, Richard J.; Kiderlen, Markus
A structural theory of operations between real-valued (or extended-real-valued) functions on a nonempty subset A of Rn is initiated. It is shown, for example, that any operation ∗ on a cone of functions containing the constant functions, which is pointwise, positively homogeneous, monotonic......, and associative, must be one of 40 explicitly given types. In particular, this is the case for operations between pairs of arbitrary, or continuous, or differentiable functions. The term pointwise means that (f ∗g)(x) = F(f(x), g(x)), for all x ∈ A and some function F of two variables. Several results in the same...... spirit are obtained for operations between convex functions or between support functions. For example, it is shown that ordinary addition is the unique pointwise operation between convex functions satisfying the identity property, i.e., f ∗ 0 = 0 ∗ f = f, for all convex f, while other results classify Lp...
Assessing Operational Situations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Zhang, Xinxin
different perspectives on situation awareness in the human factor studies and uses the knowledge reflectively for system representation and analysis. The human cognitive activities during complex plant operation and how they perceive a situation and what kind of knowledge has to be established in the human...... operators to perceive and understand the operational situation. The research domain of situation awareness approaches the operational challenges from the human cognition perspective while the presented thesis aims at supporting situation assessment from the system perspective. The thesis has reviewed...... mental model for the operators to be aware of the situations has motivated the utilization of functional representation in system level of situation assessment. The thesis has summarized the MFM syntax and provides detail instructions of how to model by using the modeling technique. A PWR primary system...
Tanenbaum, Andrew S
2015-01-01
Modern Operating Systems, Fourth Edition, is intended for introductory courses in Operating Systems in Computer Science, Computer Engineering, and Electrical Engineering programs. It also serves as a useful reference for OS professionals ' The widely anticipated revision of this worldwide best-seller incorporates the latest developments in operating systems (OS) technologies. The Fourth Edition includes up-to-date materials on relevant'OS. Tanenbaum also provides information on current research based on his experience as an operating systems researcher. ' Modern Operating Systems, Third Editionwas the recipient of the 2010 McGuffey Longevity Award. The McGuffey Longevity Award recognizes textbooks whose excellence has been demonstrated over time.'http://taaonline.net/index.html " Teaching and Learning Experience This program will provide a better teaching and learning experience-for you and your students. It will help: ' *Provide Practical Detail on the Big Picture Concepts: A clear and entertaining writing s...
Noncommutative operational calculus
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Henry E. Heatherly
1999-12-01
Full Text Available Oliver Heaviside's operational calculus was placed on a rigorous mathematical basis by Jan Mikusinski, who constructed an algebraic setting for the operational methods. In this paper, we generalize Mikusi'{n}ski's methods to solve linear ordinary differential equations in which the unknown is a matrix- or linear operator-valued function. Because these functions can be zero-divisors and do not necessarily commute, Mikusi'{n}ski's one-dimensional calculus cannot be used. The noncommuative operational calculus developed here,however, is used to solve a wide class of such equations. In addition, we provide new proofs of existence and uniqueness theorems for certain matrix- and operator valued Volterra integral and integro-differential equations. Several examples are given which demonstrate these new methods.
Aircraft operations management manual
1992-01-01
The NASA aircraft operations program is a multifaceted, highly diverse entity that directly supports the agency mission in aeronautical research and development, space science and applications, space flight, astronaut readiness training, and related activities through research and development, program support, and mission management aircraft operations flights. Users of the program are interagency, inter-government, international, and the business community. This manual provides guidelines to establish policy for the management of NASA aircraft resources, aircraft operations, and related matters. This policy is an integral part of and must be followed when establishing field installation policy and procedures covering the management of NASA aircraft operations. Each operating location will develop appropriate local procedures that conform with the requirements of this handbook. This manual should be used in conjunction with other governing instructions, handbooks, and manuals.
Daumer, M; Goldstein, S; Zanghì, N; Daumer, Martin; Durr, Detlef; Goldstein, Sheldon; Zangh, Nino
1996-01-01
A source of much difficulty and confusion in the interpretation of quantum mechanics is a ``naive realism about operators.'' By this we refer to various ways of taking too seriously the notion of operator-as-observable, and in particular to the all too casual talk about ``measuring operators'' that occurs when the subject is quantum mechanics. Without a specification of what should be meant by ``measuring'' a quantum observable, such an expression can have no clear meaning. A definite specification is provided by Bohmian mechanics, a theory that emerges from Sch\\"rodinger's equation for a system of particles when we merely insist that ``particles'' means particles. Bohmian mechanics clarifies the status and the role of operators as observables in quantum mechanics by providing the operational details absent from standard quantum mechanics. It thereby allows us to readily dismiss all the radical claims traditionally enveloping the transition from the classical to the quantum realm---for example, that we must a...
Information Technology from Theory to Practice in Higher Education Structure
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tooraj Sadeghi
2016-12-01
Full Text Available In the past two decades, developments process of higher education dependence on the increased demand for admission to higher education, development of communication technologies, need for human resource development, rapid technological changes, accumulated knowledge and information and leads to serious challenges and changes in the role of universities and higher education in the new millennium. So dramatic changes of higher education and move it towards the universalization and interpretations of the common need for higher education has created new perspectives in the development of higher education that under the influence of the information revolution and paradigm of information technology added new funds to higher education charter. The article discussed after several years of theorizing, turns and focuses on research into fundamental processes and IT operations in higher education are essential. In this study, using theoretical method and library studies gap between theory and deployment procedures were evaluated and the results showed that " there is still the gap between the theory of information technology in higher education structure and deployment procedures in practice between theory and practice]".
Machine Protection and Operation for LHC
Wenninger, J.
2016-01-01
Since 2010 the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the accelerator with the highest stored energy per beam, with a record of 140 MJ at a beam energy of 4 TeV, almost a factor of 50 higher than other accelerators. With such a high stored energy, machine protection aspects set the boundary conditions for operation during all phases of the machine cycle. Only the low-intensity commissioning beams can be considered as relatively safe. This document discusses the interplay of machine operation and machine protection at the LHC, from commissioning to regular operation.
Stirling machine operating experience
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ross, B. [Stirling Technology Co., Richland, WA (United States); Dudenhoefer, J.E. [Lewis Research Center, Cleveland, OH (United States)
1994-09-01
Numerous Stirling machines have been built and operated, but the operating experience of these machines is not well known. It is important to examine this operating experience in detail, because it largely substantiates the claim that stirling machines are capable of reliable and lengthy operating lives. The amount of data that exists is impressive, considering that many of the machines that have been built are developmental machines intended to show proof of concept, and are not expected to operate for lengthy periods of time. Some Stirling machines (typically free-piston machines) achieve long life through non-contact bearings, while other Stirling machines (typically kinematic) have achieved long operating lives through regular seal and bearing replacements. In addition to engine and system testing, life testing of critical components is also considered. The record in this paper is not complete, due to the reluctance of some organizations to release operational data and because several organizations were not contacted. The authors intend to repeat this assessment in three years, hoping for even greater participation.
Gohberg, Israel
2001-01-01
rii application of linear operators on a Hilbert space. We begin with a chapter on the geometry of Hilbert space and then proceed to the spectral theory of compact self adjoint operators; operational calculus is next presented as a nat ural outgrowth of the spectral theory. The second part of the text concentrates on Banach spaces and linear operators acting on these spaces. It includes, for example, the three 'basic principles of linear analysis and the Riesz Fredholm theory of compact operators. Both parts contain plenty of applications. All chapters deal exclusively with linear problems, except for the last chapter which is an introduction to the theory of nonlinear operators. In addition to the standard topics in functional anal ysis, we have presented relatively recent results which appear, for example, in Chapter VII. In general, in writ ing this book, the authors were strongly influenced by re cent developments in operator theory which affected the choice of topics, proofs and exercises. One ...
General purpose operator interface
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bennion, S. I.
1979-07-01
The Hanford Engineering Development Laboratory in Richland, Washington is developing a general-purpose operator interface for controlling set-point driven processes. The interface concept is being developed around graphics display devices with touch-sensitive screens for direct interaction with the displays. Additional devices such as trackballs and keyboards are incorporated for the operator's convenience, but are not necessary for operation. The hardware and software are modular; only those capabilities needed for a particular application need to be used. The software is written in FORTRAN IV with minimal use of operating system calls to increase portability. Several ASCII files generated by the user define displays and correlate the display variables with the process parameters. It is also necessary for the user to build an interface routine which translates the internal graphics commands into device-specific commands. The interface is suited for both continuous flow processes and unit operations. An especially useful feature for controlling unit operations is the ability to generate and execute complex command sequences from ASCII files. This feature relieves operators of many repetitive tasks. 2 figures.
Magellan Telescopes operations 2008
Osip, David J.; Phillips, Mark M.; Palunas, Povilas; Perez, Frank; Leroy, M.
2008-07-01
The twin 6.5m Magellan Telescopes have been in routine operations at the Las Campanas Observatory in the Chilean Andes since 2001 and 2002 respectively. The telescopes are owned and operated by Carnegie for the benefit of the Magellan consortium members (Carnegie Institution of Washington, Harvard University, the University of Arizona, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and the University of Michigan). This paper provides an up to date review of the scientific, technical, and administrative structure of the 'Magellan Model' for observatory operations. With a modest operations budget and a reasonably small staff, the observatory is operated in the "classical" mode, wherein the visiting observer is a key member of the operations team. Under this model, all instrumentation is supplied entirely by the consortium members and the various instrument teams continue to play a critical support role beyond initial deployment and commissioning activities. Here, we present a critical analysis of the Magellan operations model and suggest lessons learned and changes implemented as we continue to evolve an organizational structure that can efficiently deliver a high scientific return for the investment of the partners.
Higher Education Literature Revisited: Citation Patterns Examined
Budd, John M.; Magnuson, Lauren
2010-01-01
The discourse of the field of higher education is complex, as is its analysis. Citation analysis is means of examining communicative processes. This study investigates citations in the papers of three core journals in higher education, "Research in Higher Education, Review of Higher Education," and "Journal of Higher Education." The results…
Hydropower Reservoir Operation using Standard Operating and Standard Hedging Policies
T.R. Neelakantan; K. Sasireka
2013-01-01
Standard operating policy and hedging policies are commonly used for reservoir operation for municipal or irrigation water supply. Application of these policies to hydropower reservoir operation is complex. In this paper, new standard operating policies and standard hedging policy are proposed for hydropower reservoir operation. The newly proposed policies were applied to the operation of Indira Sagar reservoir in India and demonstrated.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lee, Young Jae; Lee, Hae Cho; Lee, Ho Yeun; Kim, Young Taek; Lee, Sung Kyu; Park, Jeong Suk; Nam, Ji Wha; Kim, Soon Kon; Yang, Sung Un; Sohn, Jae Min; Moon, Soon Sung; Park, Bong Sik; Lee, Byung Heon; Park, Sun Hee; Kim, Jin Hee; Hwang, Hyeoi Sun; Lee, Hee Ja; Hwang, In A. [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)
1993-12-01
The report described the operation and the trouble shooting of main computer and KAERINet. The results of the project are as follows; 1. The operation and trouble shooting of the main computer system. (Cyber 170-875, Cyber 960-31, VAX 6320, VAX 11/780). 2. The operation and trouble shooting of the KAERINet. (PC to host connection, host to host connection, file transfer, electronic-mail, X.25, CATV etc.). 3. The development of applications -Electronic Document Approval and Delivery System, Installation the ORACLE Utility Program. 22 tabs., 12 figs. (Author) .new.
An Expansion Formula with Higher-Order Derivatives for Fractional Operators of Variable Order
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ricardo Almeida
2013-01-01
Full Text Available We obtain approximation formulas for fractional integrals and derivatives of Riemann-Liouville and Marchaud types with a variable fractional order. The approximations involve integer-order derivatives only. An estimation for the error is given. The efficiency of the approximation method is illustrated with examples. As applications, we show how the obtained results are useful to solve differential equations, and problems of the calculus of variations that depend on fractional derivatives of Marchaud type.
The ATLAS Run-2 Trigger Menu for higher luminosities: Design, Performance and Operational Aspects
Ruiz-Martinez, Aranzazu; The ATLAS collaboration
2017-01-01
The ATLAS experiment aims at recording about 1 kHz of physics collisions, starting with an LHC design bunch crossing rate of 40 MHz. To reduce the massive background rate while maintaining a high selection efficiency for rare physics events (such as beyond the Standard Model physics), a two-level trigger system is used. Events are selected based on physics signatures such as presence of energetic leptons, photons, jets or large missing energy. The trigger system exploits topological information, as well as multi-variate methods to carry out the necessary physics filtering. In total, the ATLAS online selection consists of thousands of different individual triggers. A trigger menu is a compilation of these triggers which specifies the physics algorithms to be used during data taking and the bandwidth a given trigger is allocated. Trigger menus reflect not only the physics goals of the collaboration for a given run, but also take into consideration the instantaneous luminosity of the LHC and limitations from the...
Enrollment Management Issue Analysis: Operating in a Post-Katrina Higher Education Environment
Jones, Jacqueline; Das, Nabakrishna; Huggins, Desiree'; McNeely, Stanton, III
2008-01-01
A definition and brief history of enrollment management are presented. The challenges represented by Hurricane Katrina for enrollment management at one community technical college and a private 4-year college are identified along with three cases that illuminate the challenges. The need for rapid response planning is articulated. (Contains 1…
Providing Operational Definitions to Quality Constructs for E-Learning in Higher Education
Usoro, Abel; Abiagam, Bridget
2009-01-01
New developments in information and communication technologies (ICT) to support learning have brought about increasing interest by both academic and non-academic institutions in e-learning. These developments in ICT are principally multimedia and the Internet with its World Wide Web. Interest in ICT supported learning is also fuelled by the…
The ATLAS Run-2 Trigger Menu for higher luminosities: Design, Performance and Operational Aspects
Montejo Berlingen, Javier; The ATLAS collaboration
2017-01-01
The LHC, at design capacity, has a bunch-crossing rate of 40 MHz whereas the ATLAS experiment has an average recording rate of about 1 kHz. To reduce the rate of events, but maintain high selection efficiency for rare events such as physics signals beyond the Standard Model, a two-level trigger system is used. Events are selected based on physics signatures such as presence of energetic leptons, photons, jets or large missing energy. Despite the limited time available for processing collision events the trigger system is able to exploit topological information, as well as using multi-variate methods. In total, the ATLAS trigger systems consists of thousands of different individual triggers. The ATLAS trigger menu specifies which triggers are used during data taking and how much rate a given trigger is allocated. This menu reflects not only the physics goals of the collaboration but also takes into consideration the instantaneous luminosity of the LHC and the design limits of the ATLAS detector and offline pro...
Commercialization in NASA Space Operations
Gilbert, Charlene E.
1998-01-01
Various issues associated with commercialization in NASA space operations are presented in viewgraph form. Specific topics include: 1) NASA's financial outlook; 2) Space operations; 3) Space operations technology; and 4) Strategies associated with these operations.
String loop corrections from fusion of handles and vertex operators
Ooguri, H.; Sakai, N.
1987-10-01
Handle operators are introduced to describe nonlinear sigma models on higher genus surfaces by an operator formalism. Operator product expansions (fusions) among handle and vertex operators provide new sources of conformal symmetry breakings. Through the renormalization group equations, string-loop corrected equations of motion without one-particle reducible parts are derived to one-loop order. Work supported in part by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture (No. 61540200).
Nuclear material operations manual
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tyler, R.P.
1981-02-01
This manual provides a concise and comprehensive documentation of the operating procedures currently practiced at Sandia National Laboratories with regard to the management, control, and accountability of nuclear materials. The manual is divided into chapters which are devoted to the separate functions performed in nuclear material operations-management, control, accountability, and safeguards, and the final two chapters comprise a document which is also issued separately to provide a summary of the information and operating procedures relevant to custodians and users of radioactive and nuclear materials. The manual also contains samples of the forms utilized in carrying out nuclear material activities. To enhance the clarity of presentation, operating procedures are presented in the form of playscripts in which the responsible organizations and necessary actions are clearly delineated in a chronological fashion from the initiation of a transaction to its completion.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
NONE
1997-10-01
This document is the first edition of Argonne`s new Operating Plan. The Operating Plan complements the strategic planning in the Laboratory`s Institutional Plan by focusing on activities that are being pursued in the immediate fiscal year, FY 1998. It reflects planning that has been done to date, and it will serve in the future as a resource and a benchmark for understanding the Laboratory`s performance. The heart of the Institutional Plan is the set of major research initiatives that the Laboratory is proposing to implement in future years. In contrast, this Operating Plan focuses on Argonne`s ongoing R&D programs, along with cost-saving measures and other improvements being implemented in Laboratory support operations.
National Research Council Canada - National Science Library
1984-01-01
... stocks Per cent per annum 10 15 20 30 50 Years to maturity 13 Operation of monetary policy This article covers the three months mid-November 1983 to mid-February 1984. The behaviour of the moneta...
LCOGT Network Observatory Operations
Pickles, Andrew; Boroson, Todd; Burleson, Ben; Conway, Patrick; de Vera, Jon; Elphick, Mark; Haworth, Brian; Rosing, Wayne; Saunders, Eric; Thomas, Doug; White, Gary; Willis, Mark; Walker, Zach
2014-01-01
We describe the operational capabilities of the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network. We summarize our hardware and software for maintaining and monitoring network health. We focus on methodologies to utilize the automated system to monitor availability of sites, instruments and telescopes, to monitor performance, permit automatic recovery, and provide automatic error reporting. The same jTCS control system is used on telescopes of apertures 0.4m, 0.8m, 1m and 2m, and for multiple instruments on each. We describe our network operational model, including workloads, and illustrate our current tools, and operational performance indicators, including telemetry and metrics reporting from on-site reductions. The system was conceived and designed to establish effective, reliable autonomous operations, with automatic monitoring and recovery - minimizing human intervention while maintaining quality. We illustrate how far we have been able to achieve that.
CH Packaging Operations Manual
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Washington TRU Solutions LLC
2005-06-13
This procedure provides instructions for assembling the CH Packaging Drum payload assembly, Standard Waste Box (SWB) assembly, Abnormal Operations and ICV and OCV Preshipment Leakage Rate Tests on the packaging seals, using a nondestructive Helium (He) Leak Test.
South African Airborne Operations
African Journals Online (AJOL)
South Africa carried out numerous airborne operations during the latter part ofthe last century. .... Watch, an engineer unit under command of Commandant Louw, which had been ..... locals, to transport weapons, food and other supplies.
Intelligence Operations Manual
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Karla Andrade
2016-02-01
Full Text Available This Manual was an important document for the development of intelligence units in El Salvador´s police. It is a guiding document for intelligence operations where relevant aspects on overall information management are detailed.
Construction Minerals Operations
Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes construction minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...
Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes sand and gravel operations in the United States. These data were obtained from information reported voluntarily to the USGS by the aggregate...
Agricultural Minerals Operations
Department of Homeland Security — This map layer includes agricultural minerals operations in the United States. The data represent commodities covered by the Minerals Information Team (MIT) of the...
2010-11-01
Director, Information Operations & Strategic Studies Rosemary Wenchel DISES Requirements & Programs IO Intelligence Integration Plans & Policy...competitive civil service selection process. Mr. Mark H. Johnson ( DISES ) is the Director of JIOWC, and USAR Colonel Vincent D. Crabb is the Deputy
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset consists of operable unit data from multiple Superfund sites in U.S. EPA Region 8. These data were acquired from multiple sources at different times and...
Administrative & Operational Circulars - Reminder
HR Department
2011-01-01
All Administrative and Operational Circulars are available on the intranet site of the Human Resources Department at the following address: http://cern.ch/hr-docs/admincirc/admincirc.asp Department Head Office
Dialectic operator fuzzy logic
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
程晓春; 姜云飞; 刘叙华
1996-01-01
Dialectic operator fuzzy logic (DOFL) is presented which is relevant,paraconsistent and nonmonotonic.DOFL can vividly describe the belief revision in the cognitive process and can infer reasonably well while the knowledge is inconsistent,imprecise or incomplete.