WorldWideScience

Sample records for high-tsub chgba2cuo4delta superconductors

  1. Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Narlikar, A V

    2014-01-01

    Superconductors is neither about basic aspects of superconductivity nor about its applications, but its mainstay is superconducting materials. Unusual and unconventional features of a large variety of novel superconductors are presented and their technological potential as practical superconductors assessed. The book begins with an introduction to basic aspects of superconductivity. The presentation is readily accessible to readers from a diverse range of scientific and technical disciplines, such as metallurgy, materials science, materials engineering, electronic and device engineering, and chemistry. The derivation of mathematical formulas and equations has been kept to a minimum and, wherever necessary, short appendices with essential mathematics have been added at the end of the text. The book is not meant to serve as an encyclopaedia, describing each and every superconductor that exists, but focuses on important milestones in their exciting development.

  2. Superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allais, Arnaud; Schmidt, Frank; Marzahn, Erik

    2010-05-04

    A superconductor cable is described, having a superconductive flexible cable core (1) , which is laid in a cryostat (2, 3, 4), in which the cable core (1) runs in the cryostat (2, 3, 4) in the form of a wave or helix at room temperature.

  3. Superconductor Dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Gömöry, F.

    2014-07-17

    Superconductors used in magnet technology could carry extreme currents because of their ability to keep the magnetic flux motionless. The dynamics of the magnetic flux interaction with superconductors is controlled by this property. The cases of electrical transport in a round wire and the magnetization of wires of various shapes (circular, elliptical, plate) in an external magnetic field are analysed. Resistance to the magnetic field penetration means that the field produced by the superconducting magnet is no longer proportional to the supplied current. It also leads to a dissipation of electromagnetic energy. In conductors with unequal transverse dimensions, such as flat cables, the orientation with respect to the magnetic field plays an essential role. A reduction of magnetization currents can be achieved by splitting the core of a superconducting wire into fine filaments; however, new kinds of electrical currents that couple the filaments consequently appear. Basic formulas allowing qualitative analyses ...

  4. Superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jr., Darrell F.; Lake, Bill L.; Ballinger, Ronald G.

    1988-01-01

    A superconducting cable comprising an in-situ-formed type II superconductor, e.g. Nb.sub.3 Sn, in association with a stabilizing conductor both in heat transfer relationship with at least one passage adapted to carry liquified gaseous refrigerant. The conductor and said at least one passage are enclosed by a sheath comprising an alloy consisting essentially of about 49% nickel, about 4% chromium, about 3% niobium, about 1.4% titanium, about 1% aluminum, balance essentially iron.

  5. High-temperature superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Saxena, Ajay Kumar

    2010-01-01

    The present book aims at describing the phenomenon of superconductivity and high-temperature superconductors discovered by Bednorz and Muller in 1986. The book covers the superconductivity phenomenon, structure of high-Tc superconductors, critical currents, synthesis routes for high Tc materials, superconductivity in cuprates, the proximity effect and SQUIDs, theories of superconductivity and applications of superconductors.

  6. Photothermal measurements of superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kino, G.S.; Studenmund, W.R.; Fishman, I.M. [Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    A photothermal technique has been used to measure diffusion and critical temperature in high temperature superconductors. The technique is particularly suitable for determining material quality and inhomogeneity.

  7. Superconductor rotor cooling system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamble, Bruce B.; Sidi-Yekhlef, Ahmed; Schwall, Robert E.; Driscoll, David I.; Shoykhet, Boris A.

    2002-01-01

    A system for cooling a superconductor device includes a cryocooler located in a stationary reference frame and a closed circulation system external to the cryocooler. The closed circulation system interfaces the stationary reference frame with a rotating reference frame in which the superconductor device is located. A method of cooling a superconductor device includes locating a cryocooler in a stationary reference frame, and transferring heat from a superconductor device located in a rotating reference frame to the cryocooler through a closed circulation system external to the cryocooler. The closed circulation system interfaces the stationary reference frame with the rotating reference frame.

  8. Development of superconductor bulk for superconductor bearing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Chan Joong; Jun, Byung Hyuk; Park, Soon Dong (and others)

    2008-08-15

    Current carrying capacity is one of the most important issues in the consideration of superconductor bulk materials for engineering applications. There are numerous applications of Y-Ba-Cu-O (YBCO) bulk superconductors e.g. magnetic levitation train, flywheel energy storage system, levitation transportation, lunar telescope, centrifugal device, magnetic shielding materials, bulk magnets etc. Accordingly, to obtain YBCO materials in the form of large, single crystals without weak-link problem is necessary. A top seeded melt growth (TSMG) process was used to fabricate single crystal YBCO bulk superconductors. The seeded and infiltration growth (IG) technique was also very promising method for the synthesis of large, single-grain YBCO bulk superconductors with good superconducting properties. 5 wt.% Ag doped Y211 green compacts were sintered at 900 .deg. C {approx} 1200 .deg.C and then a single crystal YBCO was fabricated by an infiltration method. A refinement and uniform distribution of the Y211 particles in the Y123 matrix were achieved by sintering the Ag-doped samples. This enhancement of the critical current density was ascribable to a fine dispersion of the Y211 particles, a low porosity and the presence of Ag particles. In addition, we have designed and manufactured large YBCO single domain with levitation force of 10-13 kg/cm{sup 2} using TSMG processing technique.

  9. Periodically driven holographic superconductor

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Li, Wei-Jia; Tian, Yu; Zhang, Hongbao

    2013-01-01

    .... As a result, our holographic superconductor is driven to the final oscillating state, where the condensate is suppressed and the oscillation frequency is controlled by twice of the driving frequency...

  10. Domains in multiband superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, Y., E-mail: y.tanaka@aist.go.jp [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken 305-8568 (Japan); Yanagisawa, T. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken 305-8568 (Japan); Crisan, A. [University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom)] [National Institute of Materials Physics, P.O. Box MG-7, Bucharest 077125 (Romania); Shirage, P.M.; Iyo, A. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba-shi, Ibaraki-ken 305-8568 (Japan); Tokiwa, K. [Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda-shi, Chiba-ken 278-8510 (Japan); Nishio, T. [Tokyo University of Science, 1-3 Kagurazaka, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8601 (Japan); Sundaresan, A. [Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Jakkur, Bangalore 560 064 (India); Terada, N. [Kagoshima University, Korimoto 1-21-24, Kagoshima-shi, Kagoshima-ken 890-8580 (Japan)

    2011-11-15

    Positive interband Josephson interactions disperse order parameters. It creates configuration domain in multiband superconductors. This domain poses a problem for the stability of superconductivity. However it also offer new potential for novel electronics. Multiband superconductors can have several types of domains that are inhibited in conventional single-band superconductors. These domains are phase domains and chiral domains and their domain wall are an interband phase difference soliton. In a superconductor with an odd number of electronic bands (five or more) and with positive interband Josephson interactions, we find other types of domains with different interband phase differences. We call these domains configuration domains because pseudo-order parameters for each band are dispersed in the complex plain and several configurations, which have several local minima. Fractional vortices serve as hubs for phase difference solitons (configuration domain walls). The divergence of the number of configurations with local minima would pose a serious problem for the stability of superconductivity.

  11. High temperature superconductor accelerator magnets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Nugteren, J.

    2016-01-01

    For future particle accelerators bending dipoles are considered with magnetic fields exceeding 20T. This can only be achieved using high temperature superconductors (HTS). These exhibit different properties from classical low temperature superconductors and still require significant research and

  12. Coupling spin qubits via superconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leijnse, Martin; Flensberg, Karsten

    2013-01-01

    We show how superconductors can be used to couple, initialize, and read out spatially separated spin qubits. When two single-electron quantum dots are tunnel coupled to the same superconductor, the singlet component of the two-electron state partially leaks into the superconductor via crossed...

  13. Granular Superconductors and Gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Noever, David; Koczor, Ron

    1999-01-01

    As a Bose condensate, superconductors provide novel conditions for revisiting previously proposed couplings between electromagnetism and gravity. Strong variations in Cooper pair density, large conductivity and low magnetic permeability define superconductive and degenerate condensates without the traditional density limits imposed by the Fermi energy (approx. 10(exp -6) g cu cm). Recent experiments have reported anomalous weight loss for a test mass suspended above a rotating Type II, YBCO superconductor, with a relatively high percentage change (0.05-2.1%) independent of the test mass' chemical composition and diamagnetic properties. A variation of 5 parts per 104 was reported above a stationary (non-rotating) superconductor. In experiments using a sensitive gravimeter, bulk YBCO superconductors were stably levitated in a DC magnetic field and exposed without levitation to low-field strength AC magnetic fields. Changes in observed gravity signals were measured to be less than 2 parts in 108 of the normal gravitational acceleration. Given the high sensitivity of the test, future work will examine variants on the basic magnetic behavior of granular superconductors, with particular focus on quantifying their proposed importance to gravity.

  14. High-Temperature Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Saxena, Ajay Kumar

    2012-01-01

    This book presents the current knowledge about superconductivity in high Tc cuprate superconductors. There is a large scientific interest and great potential for technological applications. The book discusses all the aspects related to all families of cuprate superconductors discovered so far. Beginning with the phenomenon of superconductivity, the book covers: the structure of cuprate HTSCs, critical currents, flux pinning, synthesis of HTSCs, proximity effect and SQUIDs, possible applications of high Tc superconductors and theories of superconductivity. Though a high Tc theory is still awaited, this book describes the present scenario and BCS and RVB theories. The second edition was  significantly extended by including film-substrate lattice matching and buffer layer considerations in thin film HTSCs, brick-wall microstructure in the epitaxial films, electronic structure of the CuO2 layer in cuprates, s-wave and d-wave coupling in HTSCs and possible scenarios of theories of high Tc superconductivity.

  15. 373 K Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Kostadinov, Ivan Zahariev

    2016-01-01

    Experimental evidence of superconductors with critical temperatures above $373\\:K$ is presented. In a family of different compounds we demonstrate the superconductor state, the transition to normal state above $387\\:K$, an intermediate $242\\:K$ superconductor, susceptibility up to $350\\:K$, $I-V$ curves at $4.2\\:K$ in magnetic field of $12\\:T$ and current up to $60\\:A$, $300\\:K$ Josephson Junctions and Shapiro steps with radiation of $5\\:GHz$ to $21\\:THz$, $300\\:K$ tapes tests with high currents up to $3000\\:A$ and many $THz$ images of coins and washers. Due to a pending patent, the exact chemical characterization and technological processes for these materials are temporarily withheld and will be presented elsewhere.

  16. Bi-based superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S E Mousavi

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available   In this paper, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O (BCSCCO system superconductor is made by the solid state reaction method. The effect of doping Pb, Cd, Sb, Cu and annealing time on the critical temperature and critical current density have been investigated. The microstructure and morphology of the samples have been studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray. The results show that the fraction of Bi-2223 phase in the Bi- based superconductor, critical temperature and critical current density depend on the annealing temperature, annealing time and the kind and amount of doping .

  17. Manufacturing of Superconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Jakob Ilsted; Bay, Niels

    Superconducting tapes based on the ceramic high temperature superconductor (HTS) is a new promising product for high current applications such as electro-magnets and current transmission cables. The tapes are made by the oxide powder in tube (OPIT) method implying drawing and rolling of silver...

  18. Ambient-pressure organic superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jack M.; Wang, Hsien-Hau; Beno, Mark A.

    1986-01-01

    A new class of organic superconductors having the formula (ET).sub.2 MX.sub.2 wherein ET represents bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene, M is a metal such as Au, Ag, In, Tl, Rb, Pd and the like and X is a halide. The superconductor (ET).sub.2 AuI.sub.2 exhibits a transition temperature of 5 K which is high for organic superconductors.

  19. Vortices and nanostructured superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    2017-01-01

    This book provides expert coverage of modern and novel aspects of the study of vortex matter, dynamics, and pinning in nanostructured and multi-component superconductors. Vortex matter in superconducting materials is a field of enormous beauty and intellectual challenge, which began with the theoretical prediction of vortices by A. Abrikosov (Nobel Laureate). Vortices, vortex dynamics, and pinning are key features in many of today’s human endeavors: from the huge superconducting accelerating magnets and detectors at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, which opened new windows of knowledge on the universe, to the tiny superconducting transceivers using Rapid Single Flux Quanta, which have opened a revolutionary means of communication. In recent years, two new features have added to the intrinsic beauty and complexity of the subject: nanostructured/nanoengineered superconductors, and the discovery of a range of new materials showing multi-component (multi-gap) superconductivity. In this book, leading researche...

  20. Superconductors for superconducting magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larbalestier, David

    2011-03-01

    Even in 1913 Kamerlingh Onnes envisioned the use of superconductors to create powerful magnetic fields well beyond the capability provided by cooling normal metals with liquid helium. Only some ``bad places'' in his Hg and Pb wires seemed to impede his first attempts at this dream, one that he imagined would be resolved in a few weeks of effort. In fact, of course, resolution required another 50 years and development of both a true understanding of the difference between type I and type II superconductors and the discovery of compounds such as Nb 3 Sn that could remain superconducting to fields as high as 30 T. And then indeed, starting in the 1960s, Onnes's dreams were comfortably surpassed. In the last 45 years virtually all superconducting magnets have been made from just two Nb-base materials, Nb-Ti and Nb 3 Sn. Now it seems that a new generation of magnets based on cuprate high temperature superconductors with fields well above 30 T are possible using Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O and the RE-Ba-Cu-O compounds. We hope that a first demonstration of this possibility will be an all-superconducting 32 T magnet with RE-Ba-Cu-O insert that we are building for NHMFL users. The magnet application potential of this new generation of superconducting conductors will be discussed.

  1. Processing of Superconductor-Normal-Superconductor Josephson Edge Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleinsasser, A. W.; Barner, J. B.

    1997-01-01

    The electrical behavior of epitaxial superconductor-normal-superconductor (SNS) Josephson edge junctions is strongly affected by processing conditions. Ex-situ processes, utilizing photoresist and polyimide/photoresist mask layers, are employed for ion milling edges for junctions with Yttrium-Barium-Copper-Oxide (YBCO) electrodes and primarily Co-doped YBCO interlayers.

  2. Thermodynamic properties of Dynes superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herman, František; Hlubina, Richard

    2018-01-01

    The tunneling density of states in dirty s -wave superconductors is often well described by the phenomenological Dynes formula. Recently we have shown that this formula can be derived, within the coherent potential approximation, for superconductors with simultaneously present pair-conserving and pair-breaking impurity scattering. Here we demonstrate that the theory of such so-called Dynes superconductors is thermodynamically consistent. We calculate the specific heat and critical field of the Dynes superconductors, and we show that their gap parameter, specific heat, critical field, and penetration depth exhibit power-law scaling with temperature in the low-temperature limit. We also show that in the vicinity of a coupling-constant-controlled superconductor to normal metal transition, the Homes law is replaced by a different, pair-breaking-dominated scaling law.

  3. Iron pnictide superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tegel, Marcus Christian

    2011-03-22

    The scope of this dissertation therefore has not only been the synthesis of various new superconducting and non-superconducting iron pnictides of several structural families but also their in-depth crystallographic and physical characterisation. In Chapters 3 - 6, the family of the ZrCuSiAs-type (1111) compounds is subject of discussion. The solid solution series La(Co{sub x}Fe{sub 1-x})PO is analysed regarding magnetic and superconducting properties and the new compounds EuMnPF and REZnPO, as well as the new superconductor parent compound SrFeAsF are presented. Chapters 7 - 9 are dedicated to the new iron arsenide superconductors of the ThCr{sub 2}Si{sub 2}-type (122 family). Therein, also the discovery of the first superconductor in this structural family, Ba{sub 0.6}K{sub 0.4}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2}, is unveiled. A detailed examination of the complete solid solution series (Ba{sub 1-x}K{sub x})Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} is presented. Moreover, the crystallographic phase transitions of the closely related compounds SrFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and EuFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} are characterised and the superconductors Sr{sub 1-x}K{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and Ca{sub 1-x}Na{sub x}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} are examined for magnetic and phononic excitations. In Chapter 10, the redetermined crystal structure of the superconductor Fe(Se{sub 1-x}Te{sub x}) (11-type) is presented from a chemist's point of view. Chapters 11 - 14 look into the superconducting and non-superconducting iron arsenides of more complex structural families (32522-type and 21311-type). Therein, crystallographic and magnetic details of Sr{sub 3}Sc{sub 2}O{sub 5}Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} are presented and Ba{sub 2}ScO{sub 3}FeAs and Sr{sub 2}CrO{sub 3}FeAs, the first two members of the new 21311-type are portrayed. Sr{sub 2}CrO{sub 3}FeAs is looked at in close detail with various methods, so e.g. the spin structure of the magnetically ordered compound is solved and a possible reason for the absence of superconductivity in this compound

  4. High temperature superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Paranthaman, Parans

    2010-01-01

    This essential reference provides the most comprehensive presentation of the state of the art in the field of high temperature superconductors. This growing field of research and applications is currently being supported by numerous governmental and industrial initiatives in the United States, Asia and Europe to overcome grid energy distribution issues. The technology is particularly intended for densely populated areas. It is now being commercialized for power-delivery devices, such as power transmission lines and cables, motors and generators. Applications in electric utilities include current limiters, long transmission lines and energy-storage devices that will help industries avoid dips in electric power.

  5. Flux Pinning in Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Matsushita, Teruo

    2007-01-01

    The book covers the flux pinning mechanisms and properties and the electromagnetic phenomena caused by the flux pinning common for metallic, high-Tc and MgB2 superconductors. The condensation energy interaction known for normal precipitates or grain boundaries and the kinetic energy interaction proposed for artificial Nb pins in Nb-Ti, etc., are introduced for the pinning mechanism. Summation theories to derive the critical current density are discussed in detail. Irreversible magnetization and AC loss caused by the flux pinning are also discussed. The loss originally stems from the ohmic dissipation of normal electrons in the normal core driven by the electric field induced by the flux motion. The readers will learn why the resultant loss is of hysteresis type in spite of such mechanism. The influence of the flux pinning on the vortex phase diagram in high Tc superconductors is discussed, and the dependencies of the irreversibility field are also described on other quantities such as anisotropy of supercondu...

  6. Hybrid superconductor magnet bearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chu, Wei-Kan

    1995-01-01

    Hybrid superconductor magnet bearings (HSMB's) utilize high temperature superconductors (HTS's) together with permanent magnets to form a frictionless interface between relatively rotating parts. They are low mass, stable, and do not incur expenditure of energy during normal operation. There is no direct physical contact between rotor and stator, and hence there is no wear and tear. However, just as any other applications of HTS's, it requires a very cold temperature to function. Whereas this might be perceived as a disadvantage on earth, it is of no great concern in space or on the moon. To astronomers, the moon is an excellent site for an observatory, but the cold and dusty vacuum environment on the moon precludes the use of mechanical bearings on the telescope mounts. Furthermore, drive mechanisms with very fine steps, and hence bearings with extremely low friction are needed to track a star from the moon, because the moon rotates very slowly. All aspects considered, the HSMB is about the only candidate that fits in naturally. Here, we present a design for one such bearing, capable of supporting a telescope that weighs about 3 lbs on Earth.

  7. Flux pinning in superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Matsushita, Teruo

    2014-01-01

    The book covers the flux pinning mechanisms and properties and the electromagnetic phenomena caused by the flux pinning common for metallic, high-Tc and MgB2 superconductors. The condensation energy interaction known for normal precipitates or grain boundaries and the kinetic energy interaction proposed for artificial Nb pins in Nb-Ti, etc., are introduced for the pinning mechanism. Summation theories to derive the critical current density are discussed in detail. Irreversible magnetization and AC loss caused by the flux pinning are also discussed. The loss originally stems from the ohmic dissipation of normal electrons in the normal core driven by the electric field induced by the flux motion. The readers will learn why the resultant loss is of hysteresis type in spite of such mechanism. The influence of the flux pinning on the vortex phase diagram in high Tc superconductors is discussed, and the dependencies of the irreversibility field are also described on other quantities such as anisotropy of supercondu...

  8. Semiconductor-superconductor optoelectronic devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouscher, Shlomi; Panna, Dmitry; Hayat, Alex

    2017-10-01

    Devices combining superconductors with semiconductors offer a wide range of applications, particularly in the growing field of quantum information processing. This is due to their ability to take advantage of both the extensive knowledge gathered in the field of semiconductors and the unique quantum properties of superconductors. This results in novel device concepts, such as structures generating and detecting entangled photon pairs as well as novel optical gain and laser realizations. In this review, we discuss the fundamental concepts and the underlying physical phenomena of superconductor-semiconductor optoelectronics as well as practical device implementations.

  9. Josephson Effect in Singlet Superconductor-Ferromagnet-Triplet Superconductor Junction

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Chi-Hoon

    2017-01-01

    We study the current-phase relation of a ballistic SIFIT junction, consisting of a spin-singlet superconductor (S), a weak ferromagnetic metal (F), a spin-triplet superconductor (T), and insulating ferromagnetic interfaces (I). We use the generalized quasiclassical formalism developed by A. Millis et al. to compute the current density and the free energy of the junction for arbitrary orientation of the magnetizations of the junction barrier. We investigate in detail the effect of the distribu...

  10. Superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor nanojunctions from perovskite materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Štrbík, V., E-mail: vladimir.strbik@savba.sk [Institute of Electrical Engineering, SAS, Dúbravská Cesta 9, Bratislava (Slovakia); Beňačka, Š.; Gaži, Š.; Španková, M.; Šmatko, V. [Institute of Electrical Engineering, SAS, Dúbravská Cesta 9, Bratislava (Slovakia); Knoška, J. [Center for Free-Electron Laser Science, DESY, Notkestraße 85, 22607, Hamburg (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Hamburg, Luruper Chaussee 149, 22607, Hamburg (Germany); Gál, N.; Chromik, Š.; Sojková, M.; Pisarčík, M. [Institute of Electrical Engineering, SAS, Dúbravská Cesta 9, Bratislava (Slovakia)

    2017-02-15

    Highlights: • Superconductor-ferromagnet-superconductor nanojunction. • Nanojunctions prepared by Ga{sup 3+} focused ion beam patterning. • Indication of triplet Cooper pair component in junction superconducting current. • Qualitative agreement with theoretical model. - Abstract: The lateral superconductor-ferromagnet–superconductor (SFS) nanojunctions based on high critical temperature superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub x} (YBCO) and half-metallic ferromagnet La{sub 0.67}Sr{sub 0.33}MnO{sub 3} (LSMO) thin films were prepared to investigate a possible presence of long range triplet component (LRTC) of Cooper pairs in the LSMO. We applied Ga{sup 3+} focused ion beam patterning to create YBCO/LSMO/YBCO lateral type nanojunctions with LSMO length as small as 40 nm. The resistivity vs. temperature, critical current density vs. temperature and resistance vs. magnetic field dependence were studied to recognize the LRTC of Cooper pairs in the LSMO. A non-monotonic temperature dependence of junction critical current density and a decrease of the SFS nanojunction resistance in increased magnetic field were observed. Only weak manifestations of LRTC and some qualitative agreement with theory were found out in SFS nanojunctions realized from the perovskite materials. The presence of equal-spin triplet component of Cooper pairs in half-metallic LSMO ferromagnet is not such apparent as in SFS junctions prepared from low temperature superconductors NbTiN and half-metallic ferromagnet CrO{sub 2}.

  11. Manufacturing a Superconductor in School.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrow, John

    1989-01-01

    Described is the manufacture of a superconductor from a commercially available kit using equipment usually available in schools or easily obtainable. The construction is described in detail including equipment, materials, safety procedures, tolerances, and manufacture. (Author/CW)

  12. High temperature superconductor accelerator magnets

    OpenAIRE

    van Nugteren, J.

    2016-01-01

    For future particle accelerators bending dipoles are considered with magnetic fields exceeding 20T. This can only be achieved using high temperature superconductors (HTS). These exhibit different properties from classical low temperature superconductors and still require significant research and development before they can be applied in a practical accelerator magnet. In order to study HTS in detail, a five tesla demonstrator magnet named Feather-M2 is designed and constructed. The magnet is ...

  13. High Temperature Superconductor Accelerator Magnets

    OpenAIRE

    Van Nugteren, Jeroen; ten Kate, Herman; de Rijk, Gijs; Dhalle, Marc

    2016-01-01

    For future particle accelerators bending dipoles are considered with magnetic fields exceeding $20T$. This can only be achieved using high temperature superconductors (HTS). These exhibit different properties from classical low temperature superconductors and still require significant research and development before they can be applied in a practical accelerator magnet. In order to study HTS in detail, a five tesla demonstrator magnet named Feather-M2 is designed and constructed. The magnet ...

  14. Modelling of bulk superconductor magnetization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainslie, M. D.; Fujishiro, H.

    2015-05-01

    This paper presents a topical review of the current state of the art in modelling the magnetization of bulk superconductors, including both (RE)BCO (where RE = rare earth or Y) and MgB2 materials. Such modelling is a powerful tool to understand the physical mechanisms of their magnetization, to assist in interpretation of experimental results, and to predict the performance of practical bulk superconductor-based devices, which is particularly important as many superconducting applications head towards the commercialization stage of their development in the coming years. In addition to the analytical and numerical techniques currently used by researchers for modelling such materials, the commonly used practical techniques to magnetize bulk superconductors are summarized with a particular focus on pulsed field magnetization (PFM), which is promising as a compact, mobile and relatively inexpensive magnetizing technique. A number of numerical models developed to analyse the issues related to PFM and optimise the technique are described in detail, including understanding the dynamics of the magnetic flux penetration and the influence of material inhomogeneities, thermal properties, pulse duration, magnitude and shape, and the shape of the magnetization coil(s). The effect of externally applied magnetic fields in different configurations on the attenuation of the trapped field is also discussed. A number of novel and hybrid bulk superconductor structures are described, including improved thermal conductivity structures and ferromagnet-superconductor structures, which have been designed to overcome some of the issues related to bulk superconductors and their magnetization and enhance the intrinsic properties of bulk superconductors acting as trapped field magnets. Finally, the use of hollow bulk cylinders/tubes for shielding is analysed.

  15. Process for fabricating continuous lengths of superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroeger, Donald M.; List, III, Frederick A.

    1998-01-01

    A process for manufacturing a superconductor. The process is accomplished by depositing a superconductor precursor powder on a continuous length of a first substrate ribbon, overlaying a continuous length of a second substrate ribbon on said first substrate ribbon, and applying sufficient pressure to form a bound layered superconductor precursor between said first substrate ribbon and said second substrates ribbon. The layered superconductor precursor is then heat treated to form a super conductor layer.

  16. Ferromagnet / superconductor oxide superlattices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santamaria, Jacobo

    2006-03-01

    The growth of heterostructures combining oxide materials is a new strategy to design novel artificial multifunctional materials with interesting behaviors ruled by the interface. With the (re)discovery of colossal magnetoresistance (CMR) materials, there has been renewed interest in heterostructures involving oxide superconductors and CMR ferromagnets where ferromagnetism (F) and superconductivity (S) compete within nanometric distances from the interface. In F/S/F structures involving oxides, interfaces are especially complex and various factors like interface disorder and roughness, epitaxial strain, polarity mismatch etc., are responsible for depressed magnetic and superconducting properties at the interface over nanometer length scales. In this talk I will focus in F/S/F structures made of YBa2Cu3O7 (YBCO) and La0.7Ca0.3MnO3 (LCMO). The high degree of spin polarization of the LCMO conduction band, together with the d-wave superconductivity of the YBCO make this F/S system an adequate candidate for the search of novel spin dependent effects in transport. We show that superconductivity at the interface is depressed by various factors like charge transfer, spin injection or ferromagnetic superconducting proximity effect. I will present experiments to examine the characteristic distances of the various mechanisms of superconductivity depression. In particular, I will discuss that the critical temperature of the superconductor depends on the relative orientation of the magnetization of the F layers, giving rise to a new giant magnetoresistance effect which might be of interest for spintronic applications. Work done in collaboration with V. Peña^1, Z. Sefrioui^1, J. Garcia-Barriocanal^1, C. Visani^1, D. Arias^1, C. Leon^1 , N. Nemes^2, M. Garcia Hernandez^2, S. G. E. te Velthuis^3, A. Hoffmann^3, M. Varela^4, S. J. Pennycook^4. Work supported by MCYT MAT 2005-06024, CAM GR- MAT-0771/2004, UCM PR3/04-12399 Work at Argonne supported by the Department of Energy, Basic

  17. Technological Evolution of High Temperature Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS by Jordan R. White December 2015 Thesis Advisor: Clifford Whitcomb Co-Advisor: Fotis Papoulias THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY...AND SUBTITLE TECHNOLOGICAL EVOLUTION OF HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Jordan R. White 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION...trends. 14. SUBJECT TERMS electric ships, high temperature superconductor , HTS 15. NUMBER OF PAGES 111 16. PRICE CODE 17. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION

  18. Multistrand superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borden, Albert R.

    1985-01-01

    Improved multistrand Rutherford-type superconductor cable is produced by using strands which are preformed, prior to being wound into the cable, so that each strand has a variable cross section, with successive portions having a substantially round cross section, a transitional oval cross section, a rectangular cross section, a transitional oval cross section, a round cross section and so forth, in repetitive cycles along the length of the strand. The cable is wound and flattened so that the portions of rectangular cross section extend across the two flat sides of the cable at the strand angle. The portions of round cross section are bent at the edges of the flattened cable, so as to extend between the two flat sides. The rectangular portions of the strands slide easily over one another, so as to facilitate flexing and bending of the cable, while also minimizing the possibility of causing damage to the strands by such flexing or bending. Moreover, the improved cable substantially maintains its compactness and cross-sectional shape when the cable is flexed or bent.

  19. Thin film superconductor magnetic bearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberger, Bernard R.

    1995-12-26

    A superconductor magnetic bearing includes a shaft (10) that is subject to a load (L) and rotatable around an axis of rotation, a magnet (12) mounted to the shaft, and a stator (14) in proximity to the shaft. The stator (14) has a superconductor thin film assembly (16) positioned to interact with the magnet (12) to produce a levitation force on the shaft (10) that supports the load (L). The thin film assembly (16) includes at least two superconductor thin films (18) and at least one substrate (20). Each thin film (18) is positioned on a substrate (20) and all the thin films are positioned such that an applied magnetic field from the magnet (12) passes through all the thin films. A similar bearing in which the thin film assembly (16) is mounted on the shaft (10) and the magnet (12) is part of the stator (14) also can be constructed.

  20. Edge instabilities of topological superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hofmann, Johannes S. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Stuttgart (Germany); Assaad, Fakher F. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik und Astrophysik, Universitaet Wuerzburg (Germany); Schnyder, Andreas P. [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, Stuttgart (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    Nodal topological superconductors display zero-energy Majorana flat bands at generic edges. The flatness of these edge bands, which is protected by time-reversal and translation symmetry, gives rise to an extensive ground state degeneracy and a diverging density of states. Therefore, even arbitrarily weak interactions lead to an instability of the flat-band edge states towards time-reversal and translation-symmetry broken phases, which lift the ground-state degeneracy. Here, we employ Monte Carlo simulations combined with mean-field considerations to examine the instabilities of the flat-band edge states of d{sub xy}-wave superconductors. We find that attractive interactions induce a complex s-wave pairing instability together with a density wave instability. Repulsive interactions, on the other hand, lead to ferromagnetism mixed with spin-triplet pairing at the edge. We discuss the implications of our findings for experiments on cuprate high-temperature superconductors.

  1. Topological insulators and topological superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Bernevig, Andrei B

    2013-01-01

    This graduate-level textbook is the first pedagogical synthesis of the field of topological insulators and superconductors, one of the most exciting areas of research in condensed matter physics. Presenting the latest developments, while providing all the calculations necessary for a self-contained and complete description of the discipline, it is ideal for graduate students and researchers preparing to work in this area, and it will be an essential reference both within and outside the classroom. The book begins with simple concepts such as Berry phases, Dirac fermions, Hall conductance and its link to topology, and the Hofstadter problem of lattice electrons in a magnetic field. It moves on to explain topological phases of matter such as Chern insulators, two- and three-dimensional topological insulators, and Majorana p-wave wires. Additionally, the book covers zero modes on vortices in topological superconductors, time-reversal topological superconductors, and topological responses/field theory and topolo...

  2. Apparatus for fabricating continuous lengths of superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroeger, Donald M.; List, III, Frederick A.

    2001-01-01

    A process and apparatus for manufacturing a superconductor. The process is accomplished by depositing a superconductor precursor powder on a continuous length of a first substrate ribbon, overlaying a continuous length of a second substrate ribbon on said first substrate ribbon, and applying sufficient pressure to form a bound layered superconductor comprising a layer of said superconducting precursor powder between said first substrate ribbon and said second substrates ribbon. The layered superconductor is then heat treated to establish the superconducting phase of said superconductor precursor powder.

  3. Apparatus for fabricating continuous lengths of superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroeger, Donald M.; List, III, Frederick A.

    2002-01-01

    A process and apparatus for manufacturing a superconductor. The process is accomplished by depositing a superconductor precursor powder on a continuous length of a first substrate ribbon, overlaying a continuous length of a second substrate ribbon on said first substrate ribbon, and applying sufficient pressure to form a bound layered superconductor comprising a layer of said superconducting precursor powder between said first substrate ribbon and said second substrates ribbon. The layered superconductor is then heat treated to establish the superconducting phase of said superconductor precursor powder.

  4. High temperature superconductor current leads

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, John R.; Poeppel, Roger B.

    1995-01-01

    An electrical lead having one end for connection to an apparatus in a cryogenic environment and the other end for connection to an apparatus outside the cryogenic environment. The electrical lead includes a high temperature superconductor wire and an electrically conductive material distributed therein, where the conductive material is present at the one end of the lead at a concentration in the range of from 0 to about 3% by volume, and at the other end of the lead at a concentration of less than about 20% by volume. Various embodiments are shown for groups of high temperature superconductor wires and sheaths.

  5. Magnetic Susceptability Measurements in Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Jason; Mallory, Kendall; Seim, Ryan

    2000-04-01

    A new undergraduate research facility in magnetic susceptability measurements on superconductors is being developed at the University of Northern Colorado. Initial data measurements of the magnetic susceptability of various superconductors will be presented. These measurements were obtained with a liquid helium/nitrogen dewar that was reassembled for use in this project. The cryostat consists of two separate dewars, the first of which contains liquid nitrogen, the second, liquid helium. The liquid nitrogen dewar is used to keep the helium bath from evaporating off too quickly. Data on the evaporation rates of the two liquids will also be presented.

  6. Spin superconductor in ferromagnetic graphene

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Qing-feng; Jiang, Zhao-tan; Yu, Yue; Xie, X. C.

    2010-01-01

    We show a spin superconductor (SSC) in ferromagnetic graphene as the counterpart to the charge superconductor, in which a spin-polarized electron-hole pair plays the role of the spin $2 (\\hbar/2)$ `Cooper pair' with a neutral charge. We present a BCS-type theory for the SSC. With the `London-type equations' of the super-spin-current density, we show the existence of an electric `Meissner effect' against a spatial varying electric field. We further study a SSC/normal conductor/SSC junction and...

  7. Development of superconductor application technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, G. W.; Kim, C. J.; Lee, H. G.; Lee, H. J.; Kim, K. B.; Won, D. Y.; Jang, K. I.; Kwon, S. C.; Kim, W. J.; Ji, Y. A.; Yang, S. W.; Kim, W. K.; Park, S. D.; Lee, M. H.; Lee, D. M.; Park, H. W.; Yu, J. K.; Lee, I. S.; Kim, J. J.; Choi, H. S.; Chu, Y.; Kim, Y. S.; Kim, D. H.

    1997-09-01

    Fabrication of high Tc bulk superconductor and its application, fabrication of superconducting wire for electric power device and analysis for cryogenic system were carried out for developing superconductor application technologies for electric power system. High quality YBaCuO bulk superconductor was fabricated by controlling initial powder preparation process and prototype flywheel energy storage device was designed basically. The superconducting levitation force measuring device was made to examine the property of prepared superconductor specimen. Systematic studies onthe method of starting powder preparation, mechanical fabrication process, heat treatment condition and analysis of plastic deformation were carried out to increase the stability and reproducibility of superconducting wire. A starting power with good reactivity and fine particle size was obtained by mechanical grinding, control of phase assemblage, and emulsion drying method. Ag/BSCCO tape with good cross sectional shape and Jc of 20,000 A/cm{sup 2} was fabricated by applying CIP packing procedure. Multifilamentary wire with Jc of 10,000 A/cm{sup 2} was fabricated by rolling method using square billet as starting shape. The joining of the multifilamentary wire was done by etching and pressing process and showed 50% of joining efficiency. Analysis on the heat loss in cryostat for high Tc superconducting device was carried out for optimum design of the future cryogenic system. (author). 66 refs., 104 figs.

  8. Preparation of superconductor precursor powders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharya, Raghunath; Blaugher, Richard D.

    1995-01-01

    A process for the preparation of a precursor metallic powder composition for use in the subsequent formation of a superconductor. The process comprises the steps of providing an electrodeposition bath comprising an electrolyte medium and a cathode substrate electrode, and providing to the bath one or more soluble salts of one or more respective metals, such as nitrate salts of thallium, barium, calcium, and copper, which are capable of exhibiting superconductor properties upon subsequent appropriate treatment. The bath is continually energized to cause the metallic particles formed at the electrode to drop as a powder from the electrode into the bath, and this powder, which is a precursor powder for superconductor production, is recovered from the bath for subsequent treatment. The process permits direct inclusion of thallium in the preparation of the precursor powder, and yields an amorphous product mixed on an atomic scale to thereby impart inherent high reactivity. Superconductors which can be formed from the precursor powder include pellet and powder-in-tube products.

  9. High Temperature Superconductor Machine Prototype

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mijatovic, Nenad; Jensen, Bogi Bech; Træholt, Chresten

    2011-01-01

    A versatile testing platform for a High Temperature Superconductor (HTS) machine has been constructed. The stationary HTS field winding can carry up to 10 coils and it is operated at a temperature of 77K. The rotating armature is at room temperature. Test results and performance for the HTS field...

  10. Chemistry of high temperature superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    1991-01-01

    This review volume contains the most up-to-date articles on the chemical aspects of high temperature oxide superconductors. These articles are written by some of the leading scientists in the field and includes a comprehensive list of references. This is an essential volume for researchers working in the fields of ceramics, materials science and chemistry.

  11. Andreev levels in a Josephson superconductor graphene superconductor nanostructure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manjarrés, Diego A., E-mail: damanjarrnsg@unal.edu.co; Gomez P, S., E-mail: sgomezp@unal.edu.co; Herrera, William J., E-mail: jherreraw@unal.edu.co

    2014-12-15

    We obtain the bound states in superconductor-graphene-superconductor nanostructure, which are responsible for the Josephson effect. The coupling between graphene and each superconducting region is modeled as two different hopping parameters in the respective SG and GS interfaces. With the purpose of determining the local density of states and the spectrum, the Green function of the junction is calculated resolving the Dyson equation. We obtain that the number of levels depends on the width and doping of graphene region and this occurs for the two types of edge (armchair or zigzag). We investigate the behavior of the bound states as a function of the transparency. In the limit of a transparent junction, the results obtained by the Green's function method reproduce those present in the literature. In the tunnel limit the spectrum is different for armchair and zigzag edges.

  12. Andreev levels in a Josephson superconductor graphene superconductor nanostructure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjarrés, Diego A.; Gomez P., S.; Herrera, William J.

    2014-12-01

    We obtain the bound states in superconductor-graphene-superconductor nanostructure, which are responsible for the Josephson effect. The coupling between graphene and each superconducting region is modeled as two different hopping parameters in the respective SG and GS interfaces. With the purpose of determining the local density of states and the spectrum, the Green function of the junction is calculated resolving the Dyson equation. We obtain that the number of levels depends on the width and doping of graphene region and this occurs for the two types of edge (armchair or zigzag). We investigate the behavior of the bound states as a function of the transparency. In the limit of a transparent junction, the results obtained by the Green's function method reproduce those present in the literature. In the tunnel limit the spectrum is different for armchair and zigzag edges.

  13. Holographic complexity in gauge/string superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davood Momeni

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Following a methodology similar to [1], we derive a holographic complexity for two dimensional holographic superconductors (gauge/string superconductors with backreactions. Applying a perturbation method proposed by Kanno in Ref. [2], we study behaviors of the complexity for a dual quantum system near critical points. We show that when a system moves from the normal phase (T>Tc to the superconductor phase (T

  14. Hybridization at superconductor-semiconductor interfaces

    OpenAIRE

    Mikkelsen, August E. G.; Kotetes, Panagiotis; Krogstrup, Peter; Flensberg, Karsten

    2018-01-01

    Hybrid superconductor-semiconductor devices are currently one of the most promising platforms for realizing Majorana zero modes. We address the role of band bending and superconductor-semiconductor hybridization in such devices by analyzing a gated single Al-InAs interface using a self-consistent Schroedinger-Poisson approach. Our numerical analysis shows that the band bending leads to an interface quantum well, which localizes the charge in the system near the superconductor-semiconductor in...

  15. Large Tunable Thermophase in Superconductor - Quantum Dot - Superconductor Josephson Junctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kleeorin, Yaakov; Meir, Yigal; Giazotto, Francesco; Dubi, Yonatan

    2016-10-13

    In spite of extended efforts, detecting thermoelectric effects in superconductors has proven to be a challenging task, due to the inherent superconducting particle-hole symmetry. Here we present a theoretical study of an experimentally attainable Superconductor - Quantum Dot - Superconductor (SC-QD-SC) Josephson Junction. Using Keldysh Green's functions we derive the exact thermo-phase and thermal response of the junction, and demonstrate that such a junction has highly tunable thermoelectric properties and a significant thermal response. The origin of these effects is the QD energy level placed between the SCs, which breaks particle-hole symmetry in a gradual manner, allowing, in the presence of a temperature gradient, for gate controlled appearance of a superconducting thermo-phase. This thermo-phase increases up to a maximal value of ±π/2 after which thermovoltage is expected to develop. Our calculations are performed in realistic parameter regimes, and we suggest an experimental setup which could be used to verify our predictions.

  16. Melt processed high-temperature superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    1993-01-01

    The achievement of large critical currents is critical to the applications of high-temperature superconductors. Recent developments have shown that melt processing is suitable for producing high J c oxide superconductors. Using magnetic forces between such high J c oxide superconductors and magnets, a person could be levitated.This book has grown largely out of research works on melt processing of high-temperature superconductors conducted at ISTEC Superconductivity Research Laboratory. The chapters build on melt processing, microstructural characterization, fundamentals of flux pinning, criti

  17. Superconductors in a temperature gradient

    CERN Document Server

    Huebener, Rudolf Peter

    1995-01-01

    In the mixed state of a type II superconductor quasiparticles and magnetic flux quanta respond to a temperature gradient by thermal diffusion, in this way generating the Seebeck and Nernst effects, respectively. Our understanding of the Seebeck effect originates from an extension of the two-fluid counterflow concept, originally introduced by Ginzburg, to the situation where vortices (with a normal core) are imbedded in the superconducting phase. This mechanism results in an intimate connection between the Seebeck coefficient and the electric resistivity due to vortex motion. In all thermal diffusion processes it is the transport entropy of the diffusing species that determines the driving force, and the physics of this quantity is illustrated. Our discussion of the experimental side concentrates on the recent work performed with the cuprate superconductors. The characteristic broadening of the resistive transition in the mixed state, found in these materials due to their high anisotropy and the peculiar vorte...

  18. Theoretical studies of unconventional superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Groensleth, Martin Sigurd

    2008-07-01

    This thesis presents four research papers. In the first three papers we have derived analytical results for the transport properties in unconventional superconductors and ferromagnetic systems with multiple broken symmetries. In Paper I and parts of Paper II we have studied tunneling transport between two non-unitary ferromagnetic spin-triplet superconductors, and found a novel interplay between ferromagnetism and superconductivity manifested in the Josephson effect as a spin- and charge-current in the absence of an applied voltage across the junction. The critical amplitudes of these currents can be adjusted by the relative magnetization direction on each side of the junction. Furthermore, in Paper II, we have found a way of controlling a spin-current between two ferromagnets with spin-orbit coupling. Paper III considers a junction consisting of a ferromagnet and a non-unitary ferromagnetic superconductor, and we show that the conductance spectra contains detailed information about the superconducting gaps and pairing symmetry of the Cooper-pairs. In the last paper we present a Monte Carlo study of an effective Hamiltonian describing orbital currents in the CuO2 layers of high-temperature superconductive cuprates. The model features two intrinsically anisotropic Ising models, coupled through an anisotropic next-nearest neighbor interaction, and an Ashkin-Teller nearest neighbor fourth order coupling. We have studied the specific heat anomaly, as well as the anomaly in the staggered magnetization associated with the orbital currents and its susceptibility. We have found that in a limited parameter regime, the specific heat anomaly is substantially suppressed, while the susceptibility has a non-analytical peak across the order-disorder transition. The model is therefore a candidate for describing the breakup of hidden order when crossing the pseudo-gap line on the under-doped side in the phase diagram of high-temperature superconductors. (Author) 64 refs., figs

  19. Negative magnetic relaxation in superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasnoperov E.P.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available It was observed that the trapped magnetic moment of HTS tablets or annuli increases in time (negative relaxation if they are not completely magnetized by a pulsed magnetic field. It is shown, in the framework of the Bean critical-state model, that the radial temperature gradient appearing in tablets or annuli during a pulsed field magnetization can explain the negative magnetic relaxation in the superconductor.

  20. Doped graphene as a superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mousavi, Hamze, E-mail: hamze.mousavi@gmail.co [Department of Physics, Razi University, Kermanshah (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2010-06-28

    We study s-wave superconductivity state in doped graphene within the extended attractive Hubbard model and BCS theory. We use the Green's function approach and coherent potential approximation. We obtain critical temperature of graphene, T{sub c}, as a function of the impurity concentration, c, as well as impurity strength, {delta}. The results show that when c and {delta}, are increased, T{sub c} remains finite and doped graphene can be a superconductor.

  1. Double helix nodal line superconductor

    OpenAIRE

    Sun, Xiao-Qi; Lian, Biao; Zhang, Shou-Cheng

    2017-01-01

    Time-reversal invariant superconductors in three dimensions may contain nodal lines in the Brillouin zone, which behave exactly as Wilson loops of 3d momentum-space Chern-Simons theory of the Berry connection. Here we study the conditions of realizing linked nodal lines (Wilson loops), which yield a topological contribution to the thermal magnetoelectric coefficient that is given by the Chern-Simons action. We find the essential conditions are the existence of torus or higher genus fermi surf...

  2. Engineering Holographic Superconductor Phase Diagrams

    OpenAIRE

    Chen, Jiunn-Wei; Dai, Shou-Huang; Maity, Debaprasad; Zhang, Yun-Long

    2016-01-01

    We study how to engineer holographic models with features of a high temperature superconductor phase diagram. We introduce a field in the bulk which provides a tunable "doping" parameter in the boundary theory. By designing how this field changes the effective masses of other order parameter fields, desired phase diagrams can be engineered. We give examples of generating phase diagrams with phase boundaries similar to a superconducting dome and an anti-ferromagnetic phase by including two ord...

  3. Edge instabilities of topological superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hofmann, Johannes S.; Assaad, Fakher F.; Schnyder, Andreas P.

    2016-05-01

    Nodal topological superconductors display zero-energy Majorana flat bands at generic edges. The flatness of these edge bands, which is protected by time-reversal and translation symmetry, gives rise to an extensive ground-state degeneracy. Therefore, even arbitrarily weak interactions lead to an instability of the flat-band edge states towards time-reversal and translation-symmetry-broken phases, which lift the ground-state degeneracy. We examine the instabilities of the flat-band edge states of dx y-wave superconductors by performing a mean-field analysis in the Majorana basis of the edge states. The leading instabilities are Majorana mass terms, which correspond to coherent superpositions of particle-particle and particle-hole channels in the fermionic language. We find that attractive interactions induce three different mass terms. One is a coherent superposition of imaginary s -wave pairing and current order, and another combines a charge-density-wave and finite-momentum singlet pairing. Repulsive interactions, on the other hand, lead to ferromagnetism together with spin-triplet pairing at the edge. Our quantum Monte Carlo simulations confirm these findings and demonstrate that these instabilities occur even in the presence of strong quantum fluctuations. We discuss the implications of our results for experiments on cuprate high-temperature superconductors.

  4. Some Comments on London Theory for Superconductors

    OpenAIRE

    M. A. Grado Caffaro; M. Grado Caffaro

    1994-01-01

    The basic formulae of London theory for superconductors are reviewed. Moreover, an expression for the spatial charge density in a type-II superconductor is obtained; this equation is associated with sinusoidal oscillations. Considerations on both penetration depth and coherence length are exposed.

  5. High temperature superconductors: A technological revolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-01-01

    The objectives are to demonstrate the Meissner effect through magnetic levitation, to demonstrate one application of the Meissner effect, the low friction magnetic rotation bearing, and to demonstrate magnetic flux penetration and the Type II nature of ceramic superconductors via the stacking of the superconductor disks. Experimental equipment and procedures are described.

  6. Superconductors in the High School Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lincoln, James

    2017-01-01

    In this article, we discuss the behavior of high-temperature superconductors and how to demonstrate them safely and effectively in the high school or introductory physics classroom. Included here is a discussion of the most relevant physics topics that can be demonstrated, some safety tips, and a bit of the history of superconductors. In an effort…

  7. Superconductor lunar telescopes --Abstract only

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, P. C.; Pitts, R.; Shore, S.; Oliversen, R.; Stolarik, J.; Segal, K.; Hojaji, H.

    1994-01-01

    We propose a new type of telescope designed specifically for the lunar environment of high vacuum and low temperature. Large area UV-Visible-IR telescope arrays can be built with ultra-light-weight replica optics. High T(sub c) superconductors provide support, steering, and positioning. Advantages of this approach are light-weight payload compatible with existing launch vehicles, configurable large area optical arrays, no excavation or heavy construction, and frictionless electronically controlled mechanisms. We have built a prototype and will be demonstarting some of its working characteristics.

  8. Vortex ice in nanostructured superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reichhardt, Charles [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Reichhardt, Cynthia J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Libal, Andras J [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    We demonstrate using numerical simulations of nanostructured superconductors that it is possible to realize vortex ice states that are analogous to square and kagome ice. The system can be brought into a state that obeys either global or local ice rules by applying an external current according to an annealing protocol. We explore the breakdown of the ice rules due to disorder in the nanostructure array and show that in square ice, topological defects appear along grain boundaries, while in kagome ice, individual defects appear. We argue that the vortex system offers significant advantages over other artificial ice systems.

  9. Method to improve superconductor cable

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borden, A.R.

    1984-03-08

    A method is disclosed of making a stranded superconductor cable having improved flexing and bending characteristics. In such method, a plurality of superconductor strands are helically wound around a cylindrical portion of a mandrel which tapers along a transitional portion to a flat end portion. The helically wound strands form a multistrand hollow cable which is partially flattened by pressure rollers as the cable travels along the transitional portion. The partially flattened cable is impacted with repeated hammer blows as the hollow cable travels along the flat end portion. The hammer blows flatten both the internal and the external surfaces of the strands. The cable is fully flattened and compacted by two sets of pressure rollers which engage the flat sides and the edges of the cable after it has traveled away from the flat end portion of the mandrel. The flattened internal surfaces slide easily over one another when the cable is flexed or bent so that there is very little possibility that the cable will be damaged by the necessary flexing and bending required to wind the cable into magnet coils.

  10. High Temperature Superconductor Accelerator Magnets

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2079328; de Rijk, Gijs; Dhalle, Marc

    2016-11-10

    For future particle accelerators bending dipoles are considered with magnetic fields exceeding $20T$. This can only be achieved using high temperature superconductors (HTS). These exhibit different properties from classical low temperature superconductors and still require significant research and development before they can be applied in a practical accelerator magnet. In order to study HTS in detail, a five tesla demonstrator magnet named Feather-M2 is designed and constructed. The magnet is based on ReBCO coated conductor, which is assembled into a $10kA$ class Roebel cable. A new and optimized Aligned Block layout is used, which takes advantage of the anisotropy of the conductor. This is achieved by providing local alignment of the Roebel cable in the coil windings with the magnetic field lines. A new Network Model capable of analyzing transient electro-magnetic and thermal phenomena in coated conductor cables and coils is developed. This model is necessary to solve critical issues in coated conductor ac...

  11. Microwave Properties of Superconductors Close to the Superconductor-Insulator Transition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feigel'man, M. V.; Ioffe, L. B.

    2018-01-01

    Strongly disordered pseudogapped superconductors are expected to display arbitrarily high values of kinetic inductance close to the superconductor-insulator transition (SIT), which make them attractive for the implementation of large dissipationless inductance. We develop the theory of the collective modes in these superconductors and discuss associated dissipation at microwave frequencies. We obtain the collective mode spectra dependence on the disorder level and conclude that collective modes become a relevant source of dissipation and noise in the outer proximity of the SIT.

  12. Aeronautical applications of high-temperature superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turney, George E.; Luidens, Roger W.; Uherka, Kenneth; Hull, John

    1989-01-01

    The successful development of high-temperature superconductors (HTS) could have a major impact on future aeronautical propulsion and aeronautical flight vehicle systems. A preliminary examination of the potential application of HTS for aeronautics indicates that significant benefits may be realized through the development and implementation of these newly discovered materials. Applications of high-temperature superconductors (currently substantiated at 95 k) were envisioned for several classes of aeronautical systems, including subsonic and supersonic transports, hypersonic aircraft, V/STOL aircraft, rotorcraft, and solar, microwave and laser powered aircraft. Introduced and described are the particular applications and potential benefits of high-temperature superconductors as related to aeronautics and/or aeronautical systems.

  13. Superconductor in a weak static gravitational field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ummarino, Giovanni Alberto [Dipartimento DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Turin (Italy); National Research Nuclear University MEPhI-Moscow Engineering Physics Institute, Moscow (Russian Federation); Gallerati, Antonio [Dipartimento DISAT, Politecnico di Torino, Turin (Italy)

    2017-08-15

    We provide the detailed calculation of a general form for Maxwell and London equations that takes into account gravitational corrections in linear approximation. We determine the possible alteration of a static gravitational field in a superconductor making use of the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations, providing also an analytic solution in the weak field condition. Finally, we compare the behavior of a high-T{sub c} superconductor with a classical low-T{sub c} superconductor, analyzing the values of the parameters that can enhance the reduction of the gravitational field. (orig.)

  14. Unconventional superconductors anisotropy and multiband effects

    CERN Document Server

    Askerzade, Iman

    2012-01-01

    This book deals with the new class of materials unconventional superconductors, cuprate compounds, borocarbides, magnesium-diboride and oxypnictides. It gives a systematical review of physical properties of novel  superconductors. There is an increasing number of fundamental properties of these compounds which are relevant to future applications, opening new possibilities. The theoretical explanation is presented as generalization of Ginzburg-Landau phenomenology and microscopical Eliashberg theory for multiband and anisotropic superconductors. Various applications of this approachs and time dependent version of two-band Ginzburg-Landau theory are considered. An important topic are fluctuations in two-band and anisotropic superconductors. Significant  new results on current problems are presented to stimulate further research. Numerous illustrations, diagrams and tables make this book useful as a reference for students and researchers.

  15. Stability projections for high temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laquer, H.L.; Edeskuty, F.J.; Hassenzahl, W.V.; Wipf, S.L.

    1989-03-01

    The stability of the new high temperature superconducting oxides has been analyzed, using the methodology developed over the last 25 years for conventional Type II superconductors. The results are presented in graphical form for the temperature range from 4 to 100 K. For a 90 K superconductor the first flux jump field peaks above 7 T at 60 K, ( and for a 120 k superconductor it peaks above 12 T at 75 K). The maximum adiabatically stable thickness increases dramatically. The linear dimension of the minimum propagating zone increases by a factor of 3 to 5, and the quench propagation velocity drops by 4 orders of magnitude. The high temperature superconducting materials will, therefore, have much higher stability than conventional Type II superconductors; their high flux jump fields will make ultra-fine multifilamentary conductors unnecessary and improve the outlook for tape conductors; the energy to create a propagating zone is increased; however, methods of coil protection will have to be modified.

  16. High temperature superconductors and other superfluids

    CERN Document Server

    Alexandrov, A S

    2017-01-01

    Written by eminent researchers in the field, this text describes the theory of superconductivity and superfluidity starting from liquid helium and a charged Bose-gas. It also discusses the modern bipolaron theory of strongly coupled superconductors, which explains the basic physical properties of high-temperature superconductors. This book will be of interest to fourth year graduate and postgraduate students, specialist libraries, information centres and chemists working in high-temperature superconductivity.

  17. Josephson spin current in triplet superconductor junctions

    OpenAIRE

    Asano, Yasuhiro

    2006-01-01

    This paper theoretically discusses the spin current in spin-triplet superconductor / insulator / spin-triplet superconductor junctions. At low temperatures, a midgap Andreev resonant state anomalously enhances not only the charge current but also the spin current. The coupling between the Cooper pairs and the electromagnetic fields leads to the Frounhofer pattern in the direct current spin flow in magnetic fields and the alternative spin current under applied bias-voltages.

  18. Pair production and ionizing radiation from superconductors

    OpenAIRE

    Hirsch, J. E.

    2005-01-01

    We show that an alternative theory of superconductivity recently proposed (theory of hole superconductivity) leads to the surprising consequence that real electron-positron pair production will occur for superconductors larger than a critical size. High frequency radiation with frequencies up to $0.511MeV/\\hbar$ is predicted to be emitted from superconductors out of equilibrium. Attention to the possibility of harmful consequences is called for.

  19. Double Helix Nodal Line Superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xiao-Qi; Lian, Biao; Zhang, Shou-Cheng

    2017-10-01

    Time-reversal invariant superconductors in three dimensions may contain nodal lines in the Brillouin zone, which behave as Wilson loops of 3D momentum-space Chern-Simons theory of the Berry connection. Here we study the conditions of realizing linked nodal lines (Wilson loops), which yield a topological contribution to the thermal magnetoelectric coefficient that is given by the Chern-Simons action. We find the essential conditions are the existence of torus or higher genus Fermi surfaces and spiral spin textures. We construct such a model with two torus Fermi surfaces, where a generic spin-dependent interaction leads to double-helix-like linked nodal lines as the superconductivity is developed.

  20. Electromechanical characterization of selected superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kopera, L.; Kováč, P.; Melišek, T.

    2008-11-01

    This paper describes the design and performance of a new tension test instrument for measuring stress-strain characteristics of a freestanding sample and critical current degradation of superconducting wires and tapes under variable tension and magnetic fields. The performance of the instrument has been tested at liquid nitrogen and liquid helium temperature up to a tensile force of 1000 N. Stress-strain and Ic-strain characteristics of advanced Bi-2223, Y-123 and MgB2 composite superconductors were measured. The results show the best electromechanical properties for the tapes mechanically reinforced by soldered stainless steel strips. MgB2 tape with a Ti-barrier and Monel sheath is less reinforced due to an apparent softening of these materials during the final annealing at 800 °C/30 min.

  1. Double Helix Nodal Line Superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Xiao-Qi; Lian, Biao; Zhang, Shou-Cheng

    2017-10-06

    Time-reversal invariant superconductors in three dimensions may contain nodal lines in the Brillouin zone, which behave as Wilson loops of 3D momentum-space Chern-Simons theory of the Berry connection. Here we study the conditions of realizing linked nodal lines (Wilson loops), which yield a topological contribution to the thermal magnetoelectric coefficient that is given by the Chern-Simons action. We find the essential conditions are the existence of torus or higher genus Fermi surfaces and spiral spin textures. We construct such a model with two torus Fermi surfaces, where a generic spin-dependent interaction leads to double-helix-like linked nodal lines as the superconductivity is developed.

  2. Superconductors in the power grid materials and applications

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    Superconductors offer high throughput with low electric losses and have the potential to transform the electric power grid. Transmission networks incorporating cables of this type could, for example, deliver more power and enable substantial energy savings. Superconductors in the Power Grid: Materials and Applications provides an overview of superconductors and their applications in power grids. Sections address the design and engineering of cable systems and fault current limiters and other emerging applications for superconductors in the power grid, as well as case studies of industrial applications of superconductors in the power grid. Expert editor from highly respected US government-funded research centre Unique focus on superconductors in the power grid Comprehensive coverage

  3. Search for Majorana fermions in topological superconductors.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, Wei [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Shi, Xiaoyan [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Hawkins, Samuel D. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Klem, John Frederick [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2014-10-01

    The goal of this project is to search for Majorana fermions (a new quantum particle) in a topological superconductor (a new quantum matter achieved in a topological insulator proximitized by an s-wave superconductor). Majorana fermions (MFs) are electron-like particles that are their own anti-particles. MFs are shown to obey non-Abelian statistics and, thus, can be harnessed to make a fault-resistant topological quantum computer. With the arrival of topological insulators, novel schemes to create MFs have been proposed in hybrid systems by combining a topological insulator with a conventional superconductor. In this LDRD project, we will follow the theoretical proposals to search for MFs in one-dimensional (1D) topological superconductors. 1D topological superconductor will be created inside of a quantum point contact (with the metal pinch-off gates made of conventional s-wave superconductors such as niobium) in a two-dimensional topological insulator (such as inverted type-II InAs/GaSb heterostructure).

  4. Superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor planar junctions of aluminium on DELTA-doped gallium arsenide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Taboryski, Rafael Jozef; Clausen, Thomas; Kutchinsky, jonatan

    1997-01-01

    We have fabricated and characterized planar superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor (S-Sm-S) junctions with a high quality (i.e. low barrier) interface between an n++ modulation doped conduction layer in MBE grown GaAs and in situ deposited Al electrodes. The Schottky barrier at the S...

  5. Strong nonequilibrium coherent states in mesoscopic superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor junctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kutchinsky, Jonatan; Wildt, Morten; Taboryski, Rafael Jozef

    1999-01-01

    A biased superconductor-normal metal-superconductor junction is known to be a strong nonequilibrium system, where Andreev scattering at the interfaces creates a quasiparticle distribution function far from equilibrium, a manifestation of this is the well-known subgap structure in the I...

  6. Direct current heating in superconductor-insulator-superconductor tunnel devices for THz mixing applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dieleman, P; Klapwijk, T.M; Kovtonyuk, S.; van de Stadt, H.

    1996-01-01

    DC heating effects in superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) tunnel junctions are studied by comparing junctions sandwiched between niobium or aluminum layers. With niobium a temperature rise of several Kelvin is observed, which is reduced by an order of magnitude by using aluminum. A simple

  7. Niobium titanium nitride-based superconductor-insulator-superconductor mixers for low-noise terahertz receivers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jackson, B.D.; De Lange, G.; Zijlstra, T.; Kroug, M.; Klapwijk, T.M.; Stern, J.A.

    2005-01-01

    Integrating NbTiN-based microstrip tuning circuits with traditional Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) junctions enables the low-noise operation regime of SIS mixers to be extended from below 0.7?to?1.15?THz. In particular, mixers incorporating a NbTiN/SiO2/NbTiN microstrip tuning

  8. Geometric heat trapping in niobium superconductor-insulator-superconductor mixers due to niobium titanium nitride leads

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leone, B; Jackson, BD; Gao, [No Value; Klapwijk, TM

    2000-01-01

    We analyze the current-voltage characteristics of a Nb superconductor-insulator-superconductor mixer with NbTiN leads to identify the heating processes in this device. We argue that the electron-electron interaction is much faster than the electron-phonon interaction, and show that the heat flow to

  9. Josephson current in a normal-metal nanowire coupled to a superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor junction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ebisu, H.; Lu, B.; Taguchi, K.; Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch; Tanaka, Y.

    2016-01-01

    We consider a superconducting nanowire proximity coupled to a superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor (S/F/S) junction, where the magnetization penetrates into a superconducting segment in a nanowire decaying as ∼exp[−∣n∣ξ], where n is the site index and the ξ is the decay length. We tune chemical

  10. Stop of magnetic flux movement in levitating superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smolyak, B. M.; Zakharov, M. S.

    2017-01-01

    A phenomenon of magnetic relaxation stopping in a levitating superconductor was studied. It was experimentally shown that magnetic flux creep (diffusion of flux lines to regions with lower vortex density) is absent in magnetic suspension of the superconductor. Magnetic relaxation arises, when a rigid constraint that fixes a position of the superconductor relative to a magnet is imposed on a levitating object. It is assumed that oscillations of magnetic structure, which is due to free oscillations of the levitating superconductor, stop magnetic relaxation.

  11. Search for New Superconductors for Energy and Power Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-21

    AFRL-OSR-VA-TR-2014-0271 (MURI 09) SEARCH FOR NEW SUPERCONDUCTORS FOR ENERGY AND POWER APPLICATIONS Ivan Schuller UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN DIEGO... Superconductors for Energy and Power Applications Organization/Institution name: University of California, San Diego Grant #: AFOSR MURI # FA9550-09-1...superconductivity, relied mostly on the almost accidental discoveries of new superconductors . The SuperSearch for New Superconductors MURI project departs from this

  12. Possible alterations of the gravitational field in a superconductor

    OpenAIRE

    Ummarino, G. A.

    2000-01-01

    In this paper I calculate the possible alteration of the gravitational field in a superconductor by using the time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations (TDGL). I compare the behaviour of a high-Tc superconductor (HTCS) like YBa_2Cu_3O_7 (YBCO) with a classical low-Tc superconductor (LTCS) like Pb. Finally, I discuss what values of the parameters characterizing a superconductor can enhance the reduction of gravitational field.

  13. Rotating superconductor magnet for producing rotating lobed magnetic field lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilal, Sadek K.; Sampson, William B.; Leonard, Edward F.

    1978-01-01

    This invention provides a rotating superconductor magnet for producing a rotating lobed magnetic field, comprising a cryostat; a superconducting magnet in the cryostat having a collar for producing a lobed magnetic field having oppositely directed adjacent field lines; rotatable support means for selectively rotating the superconductor magnet; and means for energizing the superconductor magnet.

  14. Inhomogeneous magnetic field in AdS/CFT superconductor

    OpenAIRE

    Wen, Wen-Yu

    2008-01-01

    We study the holographically dual description of superconductor in (2+1)-dimensions in the presence of inhomogeneous magnetic field and observe that there exists type I and type II superconductor. A new feature of type changing is observed for type I superconductor near critical temperature.

  15. Quantum interference in an interfacial superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goswami, Srijit; Mulazimoglu, Emre; Monteiro, Ana M R V L; Wölbing, Roman; Koelle, Dieter; Kleiner, Reinhold; Blanter, Ya M; Vandersypen, Lieven M K; Caviglia, Andrea D

    2016-10-01

    The two-dimensional superconductor that forms at the interface between the complex oxides lanthanum aluminate (LAO) and strontium titanate (STO) has several intriguing properties that set it apart from conventional superconductors. Most notably, an electric field can be used to tune its critical temperature (T c ; ref. 7), revealing a dome-shaped phase diagram reminiscent of high-T c superconductors. So far, experiments with oxide interfaces have measured quantities that probe only the magnitude of the superconducting order parameter and are not sensitive to its phase. Here, we perform phase-sensitive measurements by realizing the first superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) at the LAO/STO interface. Furthermore, we develop a new paradigm for the creation of superconducting circuit elements, where local gates enable the in situ creation and control of Josephson junctions. These gate-defined SQUIDs are unique in that the entire device is made from a single superconductor with purely electrostatic interfaces between the superconducting reservoir and the weak link. We complement our experiments with numerical simulations and show that the low superfluid density of this interfacial superconductor results in a large, gate-controllable kinetic inductance of the SQUID. Our observation of robust quantum interference opens up a new pathway to understanding the nature of superconductivity at oxide interfaces.

  16. Theory of Josephson effect in d-wave superconductor/diffusive ferromagnet/d-wave superconductor junctions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yokoyama, T.; Tanaka, Y.; Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch

    2007-01-01

    We study Josephson effect in d-wave superconductor/diffusive ferromagnet/d-wave superconductor junctions, changing the exchange field and the angles between the normal to the interfaces and the crystal axes of d-wave superconductors. We find a 0–π transition at a certain value of the exchange field.

  17. Hacia el motor superconductor: estudio de las interacciones entre un rotor superconductor y un estator convencional

    OpenAIRE

    Pallarès Viña, Miquel Joan

    2002-01-01

    de la tesis:Hacia el motor superconductor: estudio de las interacciones entre un estator convencional y un rotor superconductorEl desarrollo de superconductores de alta temperatura (HTSC) de gran corriente crítica ha permitido la fabricación de dispositivos en varias áreas de la ingeniería electromecánica. En particular, los HTSC pueden mejorar el rendimiento de los motores eléctricos, ya sea sustituyendo el cobre en el rotor de los mismos o con la realización de nuevos diseños.El particular...

  18. Practical superconductor development for electrical power applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goretta, K.C. (comp.)

    1992-10-01

    Development of useful high-critical-temperature (high-[Tc]) superconductors requires synthesis of superconducting compounds; fabrication of wires, tapes, and films from these compounds; production of composite structures that incorporate stabilizers or insulators; and design and testing of efficient components. This report describes the technical progress of research and development efforts aimed at producing superconducting components that are based on the Y-Ba-Cu, Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu, Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu, and (TI,Pb)-(Ba,Sr)-Ca-Cu oxide systems. Topics discussed are synthesis and heat treatment of high-[Tc] superconductors, formation of monolithic and composite wires and tapes, superconductor/metal connectors, characterization of structures and superconducting and mechanical properties, fabrication and properties of thin films, and development of prototype components. Collaborations with industry and academia are documented.

  19. Charge and spin transport in mesoscopic superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. J. Wolf

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Non-equilibrium charge transport in superconductors has been investigated intensely in the 1970s and 1980s, mostly in the vicinity of the critical temperature. Much less attention has been paid to low temperatures and the role of the quasiparticle spin.Results: We report here on nonlocal transport in superconductor hybrid structures at very low temperatures. By comparing the nonlocal conductance obtained by using ferromagnetic and normal-metal detectors, we discriminate charge and spin degrees of freedom. We observe spin injection and long-range transport of pure, chargeless spin currents in the regime of large Zeeman splitting. We elucidate charge and spin transport by comparison to theoretical models.Conclusion: The observed long-range chargeless spin transport opens a new path to manipulate and utilize the quasiparticle spin in superconductor nanostructures.

  20. Proximity Effects in Superconductor-Graphene Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuellar, Fabian A.; Perconte, David; Martin, Marie-Blandine; Dlubak, Bruno; Piquemail, Maelis; Bernard, Rozenn; Trastoy, Juan; Moreau-Luchaire, Constance; Seneor, Pierre; Villegas, Javier E.; Kidambi, Piran; Hofmann, Stephan; Robertson, John

    2015-03-01

    Superconducting proximity effects are of particular interest in graphene: because of its band structure, an unconventional (specular) Andreev reflection is expected. In this context, high-Tc superconductor-graphene junctions are especially attractive. In these, the size of the superconducting energy-gap may exceed the graphene doping inhomogeneities around the Dirac point, which should favor the observation of the specular Andreev reflection. Yet, the fabrication of high-Tc superconductor-graphene junctions is challenging: the usual growth and lithography processes in both materials are incompatible. We report here on a fabrication method that allow us to fabricate planar cuprate superconductor-graphene junctions, which we characterize via conductance spectroscopy. We analyze the features in the conductance spectra as a function of graphene doping, and discuss them in the framework of the Andreev reflection. Work supported by Labex Nanosaclay.

  1. Superfluid response in heavy fermion superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Yin; Zhang, Lan; Shao, Can; Luo, Hong-Gang

    2017-10-01

    Motivated by a recent London penetration depth measurement [H. Kim, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 027003 (2015)] and novel composite pairing scenario [O. Erten, R. Flint, and P. Coleman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 027002 (2015)] of the Yb-doped heavy fermion superconductor CeCoIn5, we revisit the issue of superfluid response in the microscopic heavy fermion lattice model. However, from the literature, an explicit expression for the superfluid response function in heavy fermion superconductors is rare. In this paper, we investigate the superfluid density response function in the celebrated Kondo-Heisenberg model. To be specific, we derive the corresponding formalism from an effective fermionic large- N mean-field pairing Hamiltonian whose pairing interaction is assumed to originate from the effective local antiferromagnetic exchange interaction. Interestingly, we find that the physically correct, temperature-dependent superfluid density formula can only be obtained if the external electromagnetic field is directly coupled to the heavy fermion quasi-particle rather than the bare conduction electron or local moment. Such a unique feature emphasizes the key role of the Kondo-screening-renormalized heavy quasi-particle for low-temperature/energy thermodynamics and transport behaviors. As an important application, the theoretical result is compared to an experimental measurement in heavy fermion superconductors CeCoIn5 and Yb-doped Ce1- x Yb x CoIn5 with fairly good agreement and the transition of the pairing symmetry in the latter material is explained as a simple doping effect. In addition, the requisite formalism for the commonly encountered nonmagnetic impurity and non-local electrodynamic effect are developed. Inspired by the success in explaining classic 115-series heavy fermion superconductors, we expect the present theory will be applied to understand other heavy fermion superconductors such as CeCu2Si2 and more generic multi-band superconductors.

  2. Workshop on accelerator magnet superconductors. Proceedings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2004-07-01

    The workshop on accelerator magnet superconductors has gathered 102 registered participants from research laboratories, universities and industry. 8 European companies, active in superconducting materials and cables were present. This workshop has been organized to deal with the status of the world research and development on superconducting materials and cables for high field magnets (B > 10 T). The workshop has also reviewed the status of high temperature superconductors and transmission line cables for potential use in low field superconducting magnets for injectors and beam transfer lines, as well as cables for pulsed magnets that might be used in future hadron colliders or injectors.

  3. Persistent superconductor currents in holographic lattices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iizuka, Norihiro; Ishibashi, Akihiro; Maeda, Kengo

    2014-07-04

    We consider a persistent superconductor current along the direction with no translational symmetry in a holographic gravity model. Incorporating a lattice structure into the model, we numerically construct novel solutions of hairy charged stationary black branes with momentum or rotation along the latticed direction. The lattice structure prevents the horizon from rotating, and the total momentum is only carried by matter fields outside the black brane horizon. This is consistent with the black hole rigidity theorem, and it suggests that in dual field theory with lattices, superconductor currents are made up of "composite" fields, rather than "fractionalized" degrees of freedom. We also show that our solutions are consistent with the superfluid hydrodynamics.

  4. Long-range spin transport in superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beckmann, Detlef; Wolf, Michael J. [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Huebler, Florian [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Loehneysen, Hilbert von [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Physikalisches Institut, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    Recently, there has been some controversy about spin-polarized quasiparticle transport and relaxation in superconductors, with reports of both anomalously short or anomalously long relaxation times as compared to the normal state. Here, we report on non-local transport in multiterminal superconductor-ferromagnet structures. We find signatures of spin transport over distances much larger than the normal-state spin-diffusion length in the presence of a large Zeeman splitting of the quasiparticle states. The relaxation length shows a nearly linear increase with magnetic field, hinting at a freeze-out of spin relaxation by the Zeeman splitting.

  5. Aluminum-stabilized NB3SN superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, Ronald M.

    1988-01-01

    An aluminum-stabilized Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb.sub.3 Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials.

  6. Electrical connection structure for a superconductor element

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lallouet, Nicolas; Maguire, James

    2010-05-04

    The invention relates to an electrical connection structure for a superconductor element cooled by a cryogenic fluid and connected to an electrical bushing, which bushing passes successively through an enclosure at an intermediate temperature between ambient temperature and the temperature of the cryogenic fluid, and an enclosure at ambient temperature, said bushing projecting outside the ambient temperature enclosure. According to the invention, said intermediate enclosure is filled at least in part with a solid material of low thermal conductivity, such as a polyurethane foam or a cellular glass foam. The invention is applicable to connecting a superconductor cable at cryogenic temperature to a device for equipment at ambient temperature.

  7. Radiation effects on iron-based superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisterer, M.

    2018-01-01

    This article reviews the results of irradiation experiments on iron-based superconductors, with particular emphasis on neutron irradiation. These experiments were either done to foster the theoretical understanding of superconductivity in these compounds by investigating the influence of impurity scattering on the fundamental superconducting properties or to investigate vortex physics and to benchmark flux pinning in view of applications. Results on the most explored iron-based compounds are summarized and compared with data on metallic superconductors, cuprates, and MgB2. Similarities and differences are discussed as well as the influence of the type and energy of the particles used for the experiments.

  8. Electrons and Phonons in High Temperature Superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anu Singh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The defect-induced anharmonic phonon-electron problem in high-temperature superconductors has been investigated with the help of double time thermodynamic electron and phonon Green’s function theory using a comprehensive Hamiltonian which includes the contribution due to unperturbed electrons and phonons, anharmonic phonons, impurities, and interactions of electrons and phonons. This formulation enables one to resolve the problem of electronic heat transport and equilibrium phenomenon in high-temperature superconductors in an amicable way. The problem of electronic heat capacity and electron-phonon problem has been taken up with special reference to the anharmonicity, defect concentration electron-phonon coupling, and temperature dependence.

  9. Building blocks for correlated superconductors and magnets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. L. Sarrao

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Recent efforts at Los Alamos to discover strongly correlated superconductors and hard ferromagnets are reviewed. While serendipity remains a principal engine of materials discovery, design principles and structural building blocks are beginning to emerge that hold potential for predictive discovery. Successes over the last decade with the so-called “115” strongly correlated superconductors are summarized, and more recent efforts to translate these insights and principles to novel hard magnets are discussed. While true “materials by design” remains a distant aspiration, progress is being made in coupling empirical design principles to electronic structure simulation to accelerate and guide materials design and synthesis.

  10. Building blocks for correlated superconductors and magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarrao, J. L.; Ronning, F.; Bauer, E. D.; Batista, C. D.; Zhu, J.-X.; Thompson, J. D. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    2015-04-01

    Recent efforts at Los Alamos to discover strongly correlated superconductors and hard ferromagnets are reviewed. While serendipity remains a principal engine of materials discovery, design principles and structural building blocks are beginning to emerge that hold potential for predictive discovery. Successes over the last decade with the so-called “115” strongly correlated superconductors are summarized, and more recent efforts to translate these insights and principles to novel hard magnets are discussed. While true “materials by design” remains a distant aspiration, progress is being made in coupling empirical design principles to electronic structure simulation to accelerate and guide materials design and synthesis.

  11. Electronic structure of Fe-based superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Fe-based superconductors have drawn much attention during the last decade due to the presence of superconductivity in materials containing the magnetic element, Fe, and the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetism. Extensive study of the electronic structure of these systems suggested the dominant ...

  12. Electronic structure of Fe-based superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-05-29

    May 29, 2015 ... Fe-based superconductors have drawn much attention during the last decade due to the presence of superconductivity in materials containing the magnetic element, Fe, and the coexistence of superconductivity and magnetism. Extensive study of the electronic structure of these systems suggested the ...

  13. Quantum Dots Coupled to a Superconductor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jellinggaard, Anders Robert

    are tuned electrostatically. This includes tuning the odd occupation of the dot through a quantum phase transition, where it forms a singlet with excitations in the superconductor. We detail the fabrication of these bottom gated devices, which additionally feature ancillary sensor dots connected...

  14. Epitaxy of semiconductor-superconductor nanowires

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogstrup, P.; Ziino, N.L.B.; Chang, W.

    2015-01-01

    Controlling the properties of semiconductor/metal interfaces is a powerful method for designing functionality and improving the performance of electrical devices. Recently semiconductor/superconductor hybrids have appeared as an important example where the atomic scale uniformity of the interface...

  15. Terahertz oscillations in mercury cuprate superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    conducting copper oxide layers, has been extended to all layers along the c-axis via quasi-particle tunnelling at the Josephson plasma resonance. In this context, the optimally oxygen-doped HgBa2Ca2Cu3O8+x (Hg-1223) superconductor exhibits three-dimensional BEC via Josephson coupling at the Josephson plasma ...

  16. Optical magnetic flux generation in superconductor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    in the strip reflects the fs laser beam profile. The results presented here could open a new research field in the superconductor photonics. Acknowledgement. The author is grateful to Akihiko Moto, Takashi Fukui, and Hironaru Murakami of Osaka. University for their technical assistance and helpful discussions. References.

  17. Excitations in Topological Superfluids and Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Hao

    In this thesis I present the theoretical work on Fermionic surface states, and %the bulk Bosonic collective excitations in topological superfluids and superconductors. Broken symmetries %Bulk-edge correspondence in topological condensed matter systems have implications for the spectrum of Fermionic excitations confined on surfaces or topological defects. (Abstract shortened by ProQuest.).

  18. Gd-substituted Bi-2223 superconductor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Various researchers, who have studied the effect of doping in Bi-based high-Tc superconductors, seem to ... mum temperature for the sintering of the complete series of gadolinium-substituted. (BiPb)-2223 specimens. ..... support (senior research fellowship) and facilities for the work to be carried out. References. [1] V P S ...

  19. Kinetic energy driven pairing in cuprate superconductors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maier, TA; Jarrell, M; Macridin, A; Slezak, C

    2004-01-01

    Pairing occurs in conventional superconductors through a reduction of the electronic potential energy accompanied by an increase in kinetic energy. In the underdoped cuprates, optical experiments show that pairing is driven by a reduction of the electronic kinetic energy. Using the dynamical cluster

  20. Nonlinear microwave effects in high-T/sub c/ superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ciccarello, I.; Guccione, M.; Li Vigni, M.; Sarro, A.

    1988-09-15

    The a.c. magnetic susceptibility of high-T/sub c/ superconductors is markedly nonlinear. In particular, it contains a quadratic component which accounts for the second-harmonic (SH) generation observed in these materials at all the temperatures below T/sub c/. SH spectra of oxide superconductors display several spin-glass features. It is also suggested that SH data can be conveniently used for a characterization of high-T/sub c/ superconductors.

  1. The iron pnictide superconductors an introduction and overview

    CERN Document Server

    Citro, Roberta

    2017-01-01

    This book covers different aspects of the physics of iron-based superconductors ranging from the theoretical, the numerical and computational, to the experimental ones. It starts from the basic theory modeling many-body physics in Fe-superconductors and other multi-orbital materials and drreaches up to the magnetic and Cooper pair fluctuations and nematic order. Finally, it offers a comprehensive overview of the most recent advancements in the experimental investigations of iron based superconductors. .

  2. Low resistivity contact to iron-pnictide superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanatar, Makariy; Prozorov, Ruslan; Ni, Ni; Bud& #x27; ko, Sergey; Canfield, Paul

    2013-05-28

    Method of making a low resistivity electrical connection between an electrical conductor and an iron pnictide superconductor involves connecting the electrical conductor and superconductor using a tin or tin-based material therebetween, such as using a tin or tin-based solder. The superconductor can be based on doped AFe.sub.2As.sub.2, where A can be Ca, Sr, Ba, Eu or combinations thereof for purposes of illustration only.

  3. High temperature superconductor cable concepts for fusion magnets

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2078397

    2013-01-01

    Three concepts of high temperature superconductor cables carrying kA currents (RACC, CORC and TSTC) are investigated, optimized and evaluated in the scope of their applicability as conductor in fusion magnets. The magnetic field and temperature dependence of the cables is measured; the thermal expansion and conductivity of structure, insulation and filling materials are investigated. High temperature superconductor winding packs for fusion magnets are calculated and compared with corresponding low temperature superconductor cases.

  4. Josephson super-current in graphene-superconductor junction

    OpenAIRE

    Sarvestani, E.; Jafari, S. A.

    2011-01-01

    Within the tunneling Hamiltonian formulation for the eight-component spinors,the Josephson critical super-current has been calculated in a planar superconductor-normal graphene-superconductor junction. Coupling between superconductor regions and graphene is taken into account by a tunneling Hamiltonian which contains two types of tunneling, intra-valley and inter-valley tunneling. Within the present tunneling approach, we find that the contributions of two kinds of tunneling to the critical s...

  5. Broad-Based Search for New and Practical Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-31

    AFRL-OSR-VA-TR-2014-0296 BROAD-BASED SEARCH FOR NEW AND PRACTICAL SUPERCONDUCTORS Richard Greene MARYLAND UNIV COLLEGE PARK Final Report 10/31/2014...New and Practical Superconductors 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER FA9550-09-1-0603 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER MURI FY09 6. AUTHOR(S...grant. Many new superconductors were discovered, most with transition temperatures (Tc) below 10K. One noteworthy discovery was the superconductivity

  6. Transport in superconductor--normal metal--superconductor tunneling structures: Spinful p-wave and spin-orbit-coupled topological wires

    OpenAIRE

    Setiawan, F.; Cole, William S.; Sau, Jay D.; Sarma, S. Das

    2017-01-01

    We theoretically study transport properties of voltage-biased one-dimensional superconductor--normal metal--superconductor tunnel junctions with arbitrary junction transparency where the superconductors can have trivial or nontrivial topology. Motivated by recent experimental efforts on Majorana properties of superconductor-semiconductor hybrid systems, we consider two explicit models for topological superconductors: (i) spinful p-wave, and (ii) spin-split spin-orbit-coupled s-wave. We provid...

  7. Non-centrosymmetric superconductors introduction and overview

    CERN Document Server

    Sigrist, Manfred

    2012-01-01

    Superconductivity in materials without inversion symmetry in the respective crystal structures occurs in the presence of antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling as a consequence of an emerging electric field gradient. The superconducting condensate is then a superposition of spin-singlet and spin-triplet Cooper pairs. This scenario accounts for various experimental findings such as nodes in the superconducting gap or extremely large upper critical magnetic fields. Spin-triplet pairing can occur in non-centrosymmetric superconductors in spite of Anderson’s theorem that spin-triplet pairing requires a crystal structure that exhibits inversion symmetry. This book, authored and edited by leading researchers in the field, is both an introduction to and overview on this exciting branch of novel superconductors. Its self-contained and tutorial style makes it particularly suitable for self-study and as source of teaching material for special seminars and courses. At the same time it constitutes an up-to-date and authorit...

  8. Electrical bushing for a superconductor element

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirebeau, Pierre; Lallouet, Nicolas; Delplace, Sebastien; Lapierre, Regis

    2010-05-04

    The invention relates to an electrical bushing serving to make a connection at ambient temperature to a superconductor element situated in an enclosure at cryogenic temperature. The electrical bushing passes successively through an enclosure at intermediate temperature between ambient temperature and cryogenic temperature, and an enclosure at ambient temperature, and it comprises a central electrical conductor surrounded by an electrically insulating sheath. According to the invention, an electrically conductive screen connected to ground potential surrounds the insulating sheath over a section that extends from the end of the bushing that is in contact with the enclosure at cryogenic temperature at least as far as the junction between the enclosure at intermediate temperature and the enclosure at ambient temperature. The invention is more particularly applicable to making a connection to a superconductor cable.

  9. Application of High Temperature Superconductors to Accelerators

    CERN Document Server

    Ballarino, A

    2000-01-01

    Since the discovery of high temperature superconductivity, a large effort has been made by the scientific community to investigate this field towards a possible application of the new oxide superconductors to different devices like SMES, magnetic bearings, flywheels energy storage, magnetic shielding, transmission cables, fault current limiters, etc. However, all present day large scale applications using superconductivity in accelerator technology are based on conventional materials operating at liquid helium temperatures. Poor mechanical properties, low critical current density and sensitivity to the magnetic field at high temperature are the key parameters whose improvement is essential for a large scale application of high temperature superconductors to such devices. Current leads, used for transferring currents from the power converters, working at room temperature, into the liquid helium environment, where the magnets are operating, represent an immediate application of the emerging technology of high t...

  10. Neutron stars as type-I superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckley, Kirk B W; Metlitski, Max A; Zhitnitsky, Ariel R

    2004-04-16

    In a recent paper by Link, it was pointed out that the standard picture of the neutron star core composed of a mixture of a neutron superfluid and a proton type-II superconductor is inconsistent with observations of a long period precession in isolated pulsars. In the following we will show that an appropriate treatment of the interacting two-component superfluid (made of neutron and proton Cooper pairs), when the structure of proton vortices is strongly modified, may dramatically change the standard picture, resulting in a type-I superconductor. In this case the magnetic field is expelled from the superconducting regions of the neutron star, leading to the formation of the intermediate state when alternating domains of superconducting matter and normal matter coexist.

  11. Revisiting holographic superconductors with hyperscaling violation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pan, Qiyuan [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto de Fisica, C.P. 66318, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Hunan Normal University, Department of Physics, Key Laboratory of Low Dimensional Quantum Structures and Quantum Control of Ministry of Education, Changsha, Hunan (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Beijing (China); Zhang, Shao-Jun [Universidade de Sao Paulo, Instituto de Fisica, C.P. 66318, Sao Paulo (Brazil)

    2016-03-15

    We investigate the effect of the hyperscaling violation on the holographic superconductors. In the s-wave model, we find that the critical temperature decreases first and then increases as the hyperscaling violation increases, and the mass of the scalar field will not modify the value of the hyperscaling violation which gives the minimum critical temperature. We analytically confirm the numerical results by using the Sturm-Liouville method with the higher order trial function and improve the previous findings in Fan (J High Energy Phys 09:048, 2013). However, different from the s-wave case, we note that the critical temperature decreases with the increase of the hyperscaling violation in the p-wave model. In addition, we observe that the hyperscaling violation affects the conductivity of the holographic superconductors and changes the expected relation in the gap frequency in both s-wave and p-wave models. (orig.)

  12. Method for fabrication of high temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Balachandran, Uthamalingam [Hinsdale, IL; Ma, Beihai [Naperville, IL; Miller, Dean [Darien, IL

    2009-07-14

    A layered article of manufacture and a method of manufacturing same is disclosed. A substrate has a biaxially textured MgO crystalline layer having the c-axes thereof inclined with respect to the plane of the substrate deposited thereon. A layer of one or more of YSZ or Y.sub.2O.sub.3 and then a layer of CeO.sub.2 is deposited on the MgO. A crystalline superconductor layer with the c-axes thereof normal to the plane of the substrate is deposited on the CeO.sub.2 layer. Deposition of the MgO layer on the substrate is by the inclined substrate deposition method developed at Argonne National Laboratory. Preferably, the MgO has the c-axes thereof inclined with respect to the normal to the substrate in the range of from about 10.degree. to about 40.degree. and YBCO superconductors are used.

  13. High-pressure study on some superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Li, K Q; Yao, Y S; Che, G C; Zhao, Z X

    2002-01-01

    High-pressure study has played an important role in the investigation of conventional superconductors. Since the discovery of cuprate superconductors, high-pressure study has become even more important, especially as regards high-pressure synthesis and the effect of pressure. In this report, the new materials Ca-doped Pr-123, (Fe, Cu)-1212, and MgB sub 2 - a very new and interesting system synthesized under high pressure with good quality - will be discussed. Chemical inner pressure has been thought to explain the high T sub c of Ca-doped Pr-123. As another possibility, the replacement of the physical pressure effect by a chemical effect will be discussed.

  14. Nanopatterning and Transport Properties of Cuprate Superconductors

    OpenAIRE

    Litombe, Nicholas E.

    2015-01-01

    Almost 30 years since the discovery of the copper oxide high temperature superconductors, the underlying mechanism describing their behavior continues to elude experimentalists and theorists alike. Understanding the electronic phases and various, possibly competing, orders at the nanoscale continues to be an active and hotly debated research enterprise. Tools available to probe nanoscale electronic behavior such as scanning tunneling microscopy have made tremendous strides in elucidating the...

  15. Topology of two-band superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, Y., E-mail: y.tanaka@aist.go.j [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST-Tsukuba Central-2-32918, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Iyo, A. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), AIST-Tsukuba Central-2-32918, 1-1-1 Umezono, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Tokiwa, K.; Watanabe, T. [Department of Applied Electronics, Faculty of Industrial Science and Technology, Tokyo University of Science, 2641 Yamazaki, Noda, Chiba 278-8510 (Japan); Crisan, A. [National Institute for Materials Physics, P.O. Box MG-7, Bucharest 077125 (Romania); Department of Metallurgy and Materials, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT (United Kingdom); Sundaresan, A. [Chemistry and Physics of Materials Unit (CPMU), Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR), Jakkur P.O., Bangalore 560 064 (India); Terada, N. [Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering, Faculty of of Engineering, Kagoshima University, 1-21-40 Koromoto, Kagoshima, Kagoshima 890-0065 (Japan)

    2010-12-15

    Two-band superconductivity has a topology different from that in single-band superconductivity. The topology is not always stabilized in an infinitely homogeneous sample. The morphology, grain shape, and pattern of the device (topology of the superconducting materials) is effective in stabilizing the topology. In this report, we discuss a vortex having a small magnetic flux but a large winding number as one plausible topology in a two-band superconductor.

  16. High temperature superconductors applications in telecommunications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, A.A.; Li, J.; Zhang, M.F. [Prairie View A& M Univ., Texas (United States)

    1994-12-31

    The purpose of this paper is twofold: to discuss high temperature superconductors with specific reference to their employment in telecommunications applications; and to discuss a few of the limitations of the normally employed two-fluid model. While the debate on the actual usage of high temperature superconductors in the design of electronic and telecommunications devices-obvious advantages versus practical difficulties-needs to be settled in the near future, it is of great interest to investigate the parameters and the assumptions that will be employed in such designs. This paper deals with the issue of providing the microwave design engineer with performance data for such superconducting waveguides. The values of conductivity and surface resistance, which are the primary determining factors of a waveguide performance, are computed based on the two-fluid model. A comparison between two models-a theoretical one in terms of microscopic parameters (termed Model A) and an experimental fit in terms of macroscopic parameters (termed Model B)-shows the limitations and the resulting ambiguities of the two-fluid model at high frequencies and at temperatures close to the transition temperature. The validity of the two-fluid model is then discussed. Our preliminary results show that the electrical transport description in the normal and superconducting phases as they are formulated in the two-fluid model needs to be modified to incorporate the new and special features of high temperature superconductors. Parameters describing the waveguide performance-conductivity, surface resistance and attenuation constant-will be computed. Potential applications in communications networks and large scale integrated circuits will be discussed. Some of the ongoing work will be reported. In particular, a brief proposal is made to investigate of the effects of electromagnetic interference and the concomitant notion of electromagnetic compatibility (EMI/EMC) of high T{sub c} superconductors.

  17. Fluctuation Diamagnetism in Two-Band Superconductors

    OpenAIRE

    Adachi, Kyosuke; Ikeda, Ryusuke

    2016-01-01

    Anomalously large fluctuation diamagnetism around the superconducting critical temperature has been recently observed on iron selenide (FeSe) [S. Kasahara et al., unpublished]. This indicates that superconducting fluctuations (SCFs) play a more significant role in FeSe, which supposedly has two-band structure, than in the familiar single-band superconductors. Motivated by the data in FeSe, SCF-induced diamagnetism is examined in a two-band system, on the basis of a phenomenological approach w...

  18. Spray-Deposited Superconductor/Polymer Coatings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wise, Stephanie A.; Tran, Sang Q.; Hooker, Matthew W.

    1993-01-01

    Coatings that exhibit the Meissner effect formed at relatively low temperature. High-temperature-superconductor/polymer coatings that exhibit Meissner effect deposited onto components in variety of shapes and materials. Simple, readily available equipment needed in coating process, mean coatings produced economically. Coatings used to keep magnetic fields away from electronic circuits in such cryogenic applications as magnetic resonance imaging and detection of infrared, and in magnetic suspensions to provide levitation and/or damping of vibrations.

  19. Semiconductor/High-Tc-Superconductor Hybrid ICs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, Michael J.

    1995-01-01

    Hybrid integrated circuits (ICs) containing both Si-based semiconducting and YBa(2)Cu(3)O(7-x) superconducting circuit elements on sapphire substrates developed. Help to prevent diffusion of Cu from superconductors into semiconductors. These hybrid ICs combine superconducting and semiconducting features unavailable in superconducting or semiconducting circuitry alone. For example, complementary metal oxide/semiconductor (CMOS) readout and memory devices integrated with fast-switching Josephson-junction super-conducting logic devices and zero-resistance interconnections.

  20. Flywheel energy storage with superconductor magnetic bearings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinberger, Bernard R.; Lynds, Jr., Lahmer; Hull, John R.

    1993-01-01

    A flywheel having superconductor bearings has a lower drag to lift ratio that translates to an improvement of a factor of ten in the rotational decay rate. The lower drag results from the lower dissipation of melt-processed YBCO, improved uniformity of the permanent magnet portion of the bearings, operation in a different range of vacuum pressure from that taught by the art, and greater separation distance from the rotating members of conductive materials.

  1. Transport and magnetism in mesoscopic superconductors

    OpenAIRE

    Fauchère, Alban Luc André

    1999-01-01

    Superconductivity, discovered by Kamerlingh Onnes in 1911, continues to be a fascinating subject of condensed matter physics today. Much interest has been devoted to the study of the superconductivity induced in a metal which by itself is not superconducting but is in electrical contact with a superconductor. As the carriers of superconductivity, the Cooper pairs, diffuse across the contact into the metal they remain correlated, although the pairing mechanism is lifted; we call this the proxi...

  2. Proximity coupling in superconductor-graphene heterostructures

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Gil-Ho; Lee, Hu-Jong

    2017-01-01

    This review discusses the electronic properties and the prospective research directions of superconductor-graphene heterostructures. The basic electronic properties of graphene are introduced to highlight the unique possibility of combining two seemingly unrelated physics, superconductivity and relativity. We then focus on graphene-based Josephson junctions, one of the most versatile superconducting quantum devices. The various theoretical methods that have been developed to describe graphene...

  3. Superconductor Digital Electronics: -- Current Status, Future Prospects

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhanov, Oleg

    2011-03-01

    Two major applications of superconductor electronics: communications and supercomputing will be presented. These areas hold a significant promise of a large impact on electronics state-of-the-art for the defense and commercial markets stemming from the fundamental advantages of superconductivity: simultaneous high speed and low power, lossless interconnect, natural quantization, and high sensitivity. The availability of relatively small cryocoolers lowered the foremost market barrier for cryogenically-cooled superconductor electronic systems. These fundamental advantages enabled a novel Digital-RF architecture - a disruptive technological approach changing wireless communications, radar, and surveillance system architectures dramatically. Practical results were achieved for Digital-RF systems in which wide-band, multi-band radio frequency signals are directly digitized and digital domain is expanded throughout the entire system. Digital-RF systems combine digital and mixed signal integrated circuits based on Rapid Single Flux Quantum (RSFQ) technology, superconductor analog filter circuits, and semiconductor post-processing circuits. The demonstrated cryocooled Digital-RF systems are the world's first and fastest directly digitizing receivers operating with live satellite signals, enabling multi-net data links, and performing signal acquisition from HF to L-band with 30 GHz clock frequencies. In supercomputing, superconductivity leads to the highest energy efficiencies per operation. Superconductor technology based on manipulation and ballistic transfer of magnetic flux quanta provides a superior low-power alternative to CMOS and other charge-transfer based device technologies. The fundamental energy consumption in SFQ circuits defined by flux quanta energy 2 x 10-19 J. Recently, a novel energy-efficient zero-static-power SFQ technology, eSFQ/ERSFQ was invented, which retains all advantages of standard RSFQ circuits: high-speed, dc power, internal memory. The

  4. Soft wall model for a holographic superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Afonin, S.S.; Pusenkov, I.V. [Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg (Russian Federation)

    2016-06-15

    We consider the soft wall holographic approach for description of the high-T{sub c} superconductivity. In comparison with the existing bottom-up holographic superconductors, the proposed approach is more phenomenological and does not describe the superconducting phase transition. On the other hand, technically it is simpler and has more freedom for fitting the conductivity properties of the real high-T{sub c} materials in the superconducting phase. Some examples of emerging models are analyzed. (orig.)

  5. Phase diagram of a lattice of vortex molecules in multicomponent superconductors and multilayer cuprate superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tanaka, Y; Shivagan, D D; Iyo, A; Shirage, P M [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology, Tsukuba 305-8568 (Japan); Crisan, A [National Institute of Materials Physics, Bucharest 077125 (Romania); Tokiwa, K; Watanabe, T [Department of Applied Electronics, Tokyo University of Science, Noda 278-851 (Japan); Terada, N [Department of Nano-Structures and Advanced Materials, Graduate School of Science and Engineering, Kagoshima University, Korimoto, Kagoshima 890-0065 (Japan)], E-mail: y.tanaka@aist.go.jp

    2008-08-15

    The Abrikosov lattice in the multilayer cuprate superconductor CuBa{sub 2}Ca{sub 3}Cu{sub 3}O{sub y} (Cu-1223) has been experimentally and theoretically demonstrated to be composed of vortex molecules. Cu-1223 is considered to be a typical multicomponent superconductor. We show that in such a system the rotational freedom around the axis of the vortex molecular tube generates orientational disorder and the orientational glass (or crystal) phase, which is never present in conventional vortex lattices consisting of axisymmetric vortices. The emergence of the orientational glass phase and orientational order phase with orthorhombic distortion is a general property of vortex molecule lattices of the multiband type of multicomponent superconductors.

  6. Electronic structure investigation of novel superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buling, Anna

    2014-05-15

    The discovery of superconductivity in iron-based pnictides in 2008 gave rise to a high advance in the research of high-temperature superconductors. But up to now there is no generally admitted theory of the non-BCS mechanism of these superconductors. The electron and hole doped Ba122 (BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2}) compounds investigated in this thesis are supposed to be suitable model systems for studying the electronic behavior in order to shed light on the superconducting mechanisms. The 3d-transition metal doped Ba122 compounds are investigated using the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS), X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), while the completely hole doped K122 is observed using XPS. The experimental measurements are complemented by theoretical calculations. A further new class of superconductors is represented by the electride 12CaO*7Al{sub 2}O{sub 3}: Here superconductivity can be realized by electrons accommodated in the crystallographic sub-nanometer-sized cavities, while the mother compound is a wide band gap insulator. Electronic structure investigations, represented by XPS, XAS and resonant X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ResPES), carried out in this work, should help to illuminate this unconventional superconductivity and resolve a debate of competing models for explaining the existence of superconductivity in this compound.

  7. Holographic superconductor on Q-lattice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ling, Yi [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing, 100049 (China); State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190 (China); Liu, Peng; Niu, Chao [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing, 100049 (China); Wu, Jian-Pin [Department of Physics, School of Mathematics and Physics, Bohai University,Jinzhou, 121013 (China); State Key Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Institute of Theoretical Physics,Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100190 (China); Xian, Zhuo-Yu [Institute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing, 100049 (China)

    2015-02-10

    We construct the simplest gravitational dual model of a superconductor on Q-lattices. We analyze the condition for the existence of a critical temperature at which the charged scalar field will condense. In contrast to the holographic superconductor on ionic lattices, the presence of Q-lattices will suppress the condensate of the scalar field and lower the critical temperature. In particular, when the Q-lattice background is dual to a deep insulating phase, the condensation would never occur for some small charges. Furthermore, we numerically compute the optical conductivity in the superconducting regime. It turns out that the presence of Q-lattice does not remove the pole in the imaginary part of the conductivity, ensuring the appearance of a delta function in the real part. We also evaluate the gap which in general depends on the charge of the scalar field as well as the Q-lattice parameters. Nevertheless, when the charge of the scalar field is relatively large and approaches the probe limit, the gap becomes universal with ω{sub g}≃9T{sub c} which is consistent with the result for conventional holographic superconductors.

  8. The polar Kerr effect in superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robbins, Joshua; Annett, James F.; Gradhand, Martin [University of Bristol (United Kingdom)

    2016-07-01

    The polar Kerr effect is an optical phenomenon which arises in states with broken time-reversal symmetry. This effect has recently been observed in a series of unconventional superconductors, including the layered perovskite compound Sr{sub 2}RuO{sub 4}. Confirmation of a Kerr signal below T{sub c} supports the hypothesis of chiral p-wave superconductivity in this material. However, the nature of the unconventional superconducting state remains a source of controversy. Here, we present calculations for the chiral superconducting state including spin-orbit coupling (SOC) by extending the three dimensional, multiband model considered previously. SOC was found to induce strong mixing of the orbital characters within the bandstructure. This mixing is essential for the existence of the polar Kerr effect and the large increase due to SOC has a significant influence on the frequency dependence of the predicted Kerr signal. We will extend and apply the model to other unconventional superconductors which have displayed the Kerr effect in recent years. This will allow a detailed study of the symmetry properties of these systems and will provide valuable insight into the pairing mechanism of superconductors.

  9. Charge of a quasiparticle in a superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ronen, Yuval; Cohen, Yonatan; Kang, Jung-Hyun; Haim, Arbel; Rieder, Maria-Theresa; Heiblum, Moty; Mahalu, Diana; Shtrikman, Hadas

    2016-02-16

    Nonlinear charge transport in superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) Josephson junctions has a unique signature in the shuttled charge quantum between the two superconductors. In the zero-bias limit Cooper pairs, each with twice the electron charge, carry the Josephson current. An applied bias VSD leads to multiple Andreev reflections (MAR), which in the limit of weak tunneling probability should lead to integer multiples of the electron charge ne traversing the junction, with n integer larger than 2Δ/eVSD and Δ the superconducting order parameter. Exceptionally, just above the gap eVSD ≥ 2Δ, with Andreev reflections suppressed, one would expect the current to be carried by partitioned quasiparticles, each with energy-dependent charge, being a superposition of an electron and a hole. Using shot-noise measurements in an SIS junction induced in an InAs nanowire (with noise proportional to the partitioned charge), we first observed quantization of the partitioned charge q = e*/e = n, with n = 1-4, thus reaffirming the validity of our charge interpretation. Concentrating next on the bias region eVSD ~ 2Δ, we found a reproducible and clear dip in the extracted charge to q ~ 0.6, which, after excluding other possibilities, we attribute to the partitioned quasiparticle charge. Such dip is supported by numerical simulations of our SIS structure.

  10. Fabrication of high-quality superconductor-insulator-superconductor junctions on thin SiN membranes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garcia, Edouard; Jacobson, Brian R.; Hu, Qing

    1993-01-01

    We have successfully fabricated high-quality and high-current density superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) junctions on freestanding thin silicon nitride (SIN) membranes. These devices can be used in a novel millimeter-wave and THz receiver system which is made using micromachining. The SIS junctions with planar antennas were fabricated first on a silicon wafer covered with a SiN membrane, the Si wafer underneath was then etched away using an anisotropic KOH etchant. The current-voltage characteristics of the SIS junctions remained unchanged after the whole process, and the junctions and the membrane survived thermal cycling.

  11. XRD spectra of new YBaCuO superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    YBaCuO superconductor; solid state reaction. 1. Introduction. Recently, Udomsamuthirun et al (2010) synthesized the new superconductors of YBaCuO materials by solid state reac- tion. They used the assumption that the number of Ba-atoms plus Y-atoms is equal to the number of Cu-atoms. The new formula of YBaCuO ...

  12. Power-law liquid in cuprate superconductors from fermionic unparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leong, Zhidong; Setty, Chandan; Limtragool, Kridsanaphong; Phillips, Philip W.

    2017-11-01

    Recent photoemission spectroscopy measurements (T. J. Reber et al., arXiv:1509.01611) on cuprate superconductors have inferred that over a wide range of doping, the imaginary part of the electron self-energy scales as Σ″˜(ω2+π2T2) a with a =1 in the overdoped Fermi-liquid state and a superconductors.

  13. Disappearance of nodal gap across the insulator-superconductor transition in a copper-oxide superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peng, Yingying; Meng, Jianqiao; Mou, Daixiang; He, Junfeng; Zhao, Lin; Wu, Yue; Liu, Guodong; Dong, Xiaoli; He, Shaolong; Zhang, Jun; Wang, Xiaoyang; Peng, Qinjun; Wang, Zhimin; Zhang, Shenjin; Yang, Feng; Chen, Chuangtian; Xu, Zuyan; Lee, T K; Zhou, X J

    2013-01-01

    The parent compound of the copper-oxide high-temperature superconductors is a Mott insulator. Superconductivity is realized by doping an appropriate amount of charge carriers. How a Mott insulator transforms into a superconductor is crucial in understanding the unusual physical properties of high-temperature superconductors and the superconductivity mechanism. Here we report high-resolution angle-resolved photoemission measurement on heavily underdoped Bi₂Sr₂-xLaxCuO(₆+δ) system. The electronic structure of the lightly doped samples exhibit a number of characteristics: existence of an energy gap along the nodal direction, d-wave-like anisotropic energy gap along the underlying Fermi surface, and coexistence of a coherence peak and a broad hump in the photoemission spectra. Our results reveal a clear insulator-superconductor transition at a critical doping level of ~0.10 where the nodal energy gap approaches zero, the three-dimensional antiferromagnetic order disappears, and superconductivity starts to emerge. These observations clearly signal a close connection between the nodal gap, antiferromagnetism and superconductivity.

  14. Optical studies of crystalline organic superconductors under extreme conditions

    CERN Document Server

    McDonald, R D

    2001-01-01

    the aim being to make an optical measurement of the pressure dependence of the charge carrier effective mass. Chapter 4 concentrates on the vibrational modes of kappa-(BEDT-TTF) sub 2 Cu(SCN) sub 2. This chapter reports the first Raman scattering experiments on an organic superconductor at high pressure. Comparison of the infrared reflectance and Raman scattering measurements are used to elucidate the role of electron-phonon coupling in this material's superconductivity. Chapter 5 reports the first non-resonant measurements of the GHz conductivity of an organic molecular superconductor. These experiments probe the unconventional metallic properties of an organic superconductor during the onset of superconductivity. This thesis reports experiments which involve the interaction of light and matter to probe the properties of crystalline organic superconductors. The organic superconductors of the BEDT-TTF family are prototypical correlated electron systems; their low-temperature ground states are dominated by man...

  15. Development of high temperature superconductors having high critical current density

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Gye Wong; Kim, C. J.; Lee, H.G.; Kwon, S. C.; Lee, H. J.; Kim, K. B.; Park, J. Y.; Jung, C. H

    2000-08-01

    Fabrication of high T{sub c} superconductors and its applications for electric power device were carried out for developing superconductor application technologies. High quality YBCO superconductors was fabricated by melt texture growth, top-seeded melt growth process and multi-seeded melt growth process and the properties was compared. The critical current density of the melt processed YBCO superconductors was about few 10,000 A/cm{sup 2} and the levitation force was 50 N. The processing time needed for the growth of the 123 single grain was greatly reduced by applying multi-seeding without no significant degradation of the levitation force. The multi-seeded melt growth process was confirmed as a time-saving and cost-effective method for the fabrication of bulk superconductors with controlled crystallographic orientation.

  16. Status of high temperature superconductor development for accelerator magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirabayashi, H.

    1995-01-01

    High temperature superconductors are still under development for various applications. As far as conductors for magnets are concerned, the development has just been started. Small coils wound by silver sheathed Bi-2212 and Bi-2223 oxide conductors have been reported by a few authors. Essential properties of high T(sub c) superconductors like pinning force, coherent length, intergrain coupling, weak link, thermal property, AC loss and mechanical strength are still not sufficiently understandable. In this talk, a review is given with comparison between the present achievement and the final requirement for high T(sub c) superconductors, which could be particularly used in accelerator magnets. Discussions on how to develop high T(sub c) superconductors for accelerator magnets are included with key parameters of essential properties. A proposal of how to make a prototype accelerator magnet with high T(sub c) superconductors with prospect for future development is also given.

  17. Precursor composites for oxygen dispersion hardened silver sheathed superconductor composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Podtburg, Eric R.

    1999-01-01

    An oxide superconductor composite having improved texture and durability. The oxide superconductor composite includes an oxide superconductor phase substantially surrounded with/by a noble metal matrix, the noble metal matrix comprising a metal oxide in an amount effective to form metal oxide domains that increase hardness of the composite. The composite is characterized by a degree of texture at least 10% greater than a comparable oxide superconductor composite lacking metal oxide domains. An oxide superconducting composite may be prepared by oxidizing the precursor composite under conditions effective to form solute metal oxide domains within the silver matrix and to form a precursor oxide in the precursor alloy phase; subjecting the oxidized composite to a softening anneal under conditions effective to relieve stress within the noble metal phase; and converting the oxide precursor into an oxide superconductor.

  18. System and method for quench protection of a superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xianrui; Sivasubramaniam, Kiruba Haran; Bray, James William; Ryan, David Thomas

    2008-03-11

    A system and method for protecting a superconductor from a quench condition. A quench protection system is provided to protect the superconductor from damage due to a quench condition. The quench protection system comprises a voltage detector operable to detect voltage across the superconductor. The system also comprises a frequency filter coupled to the voltage detector. The frequency filter is operable to couple voltage signals to a control circuit that are representative of a rise in superconductor voltage caused by a quench condition and to block voltage signals that are not. The system is operable to detect whether a quench condition exists in the superconductor based on the voltage signal received via the frequency filter and to initiate a protective action in response.

  19. Stop of magnetic flux movement in levitating superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smolyak, B.M., E-mail: b-smolyak@yandex.ru; Zakharov, M.S., E-mail: maksim.s.zakharov@gmail.com

    2017-01-15

    Highlights: • A direct experimental study of magnetic flux creep in the levitating superconductor. • When a levitating object is in a fixed position, magnetic flux movement is observed. • Levitation stops flux creep process. - Abstract: A phenomenon of magnetic relaxation stopping in a levitating superconductor was studied. It was experimentally shown that magnetic flux creep (diffusion of flux lines to regions with lower vortex density) is absent in magnetic suspension of the superconductor. Magnetic relaxation arises, when a rigid constraint that fixes a position of the superconductor relative to a magnet is imposed on a levitating object. It is assumed that oscillations of magnetic structure, which is due to free oscillations of the levitating superconductor, stop magnetic relaxation.

  20. A Double-Decker Levitation Experiment Using a Sandwich of Superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacob, Anthony T.; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Shows that the mutual repulsion that enables a superconductor to levitate a magnet and a magnet to levitate a superconductor can be combined into a single demonstration. Uses an overhead projector, two pellets of "1-2-3" superconductor, Nd-Fe-B magnets, liquid nitrogen, and paraffin. Offers superconductor preparation, hazards, and disposal…

  1. Coherent diffusive transport mediated by Andreev reflections at V=Delta/e in a mesoscopic superconductor/semiconductor/superconductor junction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kutchinsky, Jonatan; Taboryski, Rafael Jozef; Kuhn, Oliver

    1997-01-01

    We present experiments revealing a singularity in the coherent current across a superconductor/semiconductor/superconductor (SSmS) junction at the bias voltage corresponding to the superconducting energy gap V=Delta/e. The SSmS structure consists of highly doped GaAs with superconducting electrod...

  2. Interaction of gravitational waves with superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Inan, N.A.; Thompson, J.J. [University of California, Schools of Natural Sciences, Merced, CA (United States); Chiao, R.Y. [University of California, Schools of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Merced, CA (United States)

    2017-06-15

    Applying the Helmholtz Decomposition theorem to linearized General Relativity leads to a gauge-invariant formulation where the transverse-traceless part of the metric perturbation describes gravitational waves in matter. Gravitational waves incident on a superconductor can be described by a linear London-like constituent equation characterized by a ''gravitational shear modulus'' and a corresponding plasma frequency and penetration depth. Electric-like and magnetic-like gravitational tensor fields are defined in terms of the strain field of a gravitational wave. It is shown that in the DC limit, the magnetic-like tensor field is expelled from the superconductor in a gravitational Meissner-like effect. The Cooper pair density is described by the Ginzburg-Landau theory embedded in curved space-time. The ionic lattice is modeled by quantum harmonic oscillators coupled to gravitational waves and characterized by quasi-energy eigenvalues for the phonon modes. The formulation predicts the possibility of a dynamical Casimir effect since the zero-point energy of the ionic lattice phonons is found to be modulated by the gravitational wave, in a quantum analog of a ''Weber-bar effect.'' Applying periodic thermodynamics and the Debye model in the low-temperature limit leads to a free energy density for the ionic lattice. Lastly, we relate the gravitational strain of space to the strain of matter to show that the response to a gravitational wave is far less for the Cooper pair density than for the ionic lattice. This predicts a charge separation effect in the superconductor as a result of the gravitational wave. (copyright 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  3. Twin boundaries in d-wave superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feder, D.L.; Beardsall, A.; Berlinsky, A.J.; Kallin, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4M1 (Canada)

    1997-09-01

    Twin boundaries in orthorhombic d-wave superconductors are investigated numerically using the Bogoliubov{endash}deGennes formalism within the context of an extended Hubbard model. The twin boundaries are represented by tetragonal regions of variable width, with a reduced chemical potential. For sufficiently large twin boundary width and change in chemical potential, an induced s-wave component may break time-reversal symmetry at a low temperature T{sup {asterisk}}. The temperature T{sup {asterisk}}, and the magnitude of the imaginary component, are found to depend strongly on electron density. The results are compared with recent tunneling measurements. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  4. Quench in high temperature superconductor magnets

    CERN Document Server

    Schwartz, J.

    2013-01-01

    High field superconducting magnets using high temperature superconductors are being developed for high energy physics, nuclear magnetic resonance and energy storage applications. Although the conductor technology has progressed to the point where such large magnets can be readily envisioned, quench protection remains a key challenge. It is well-established that quench propagation in HTS magnets is very slow and this brings new challenges that must be addressed. In this paper, these challenges are discussed and potential solutions, driven by new technologies such as optical fiber based sensors and thermally conducting electrical insulators, are reviewed.

  5. Conductance Spectra in Graphene-Superconductor Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Jie; Zhou, Shi-Ping; Deng, Zhen-Yan

    2015-01-01

    The conductance spectra of a graphene ribbon and graphene-superconductor (G-S) junctions are investigated, using the tight-binding model and non-equilibrium Green' function formalism. It is found that the quantized conductance related to graphene' edge-states is robust against perturbations in the model parameters for a graphene monolayer ribbon with the zigzag boundary. With appropriate model parameter of the spin-orbit interaction strength, a new bound state with odd-frequency symmetry is found in the G-S junction. An enhancement in the zero-energy conductance amplitude is followed.

  6. Discovery of a superhard iron tetraboride superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gou, Huiyang; Dubrovinskaia, Natalia; Bykova, Elena; Tsirlin, Alexander A; Kasinathan, Deepa; Schnelle, Walter; Richter, Asta; Merlini, Marco; Hanfland, Michael; Abakumov, Artem M; Batuk, Dmitry; Van Tendeloo, Gustaaf; Nakajima, Yoichi; Kolmogorov, Aleksey N; Dubrovinsky, Leonid

    2013-10-11

    Single crystals of novel orthorhombic (space group Pnnm) iron tetraboride FeB4 were synthesized at pressures above 8 GPa and high temperatures. Magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity measurements demonstrate bulk superconductivity below 2.9 K. The putative isotope effect on the superconducting critical temperature and the analysis of specific heat data indicate that the superconductivity in FeB4 is likely phonon mediated, which is rare for Fe-based superconductors. The discovered iron tetraboride is highly incompressible and has the nanoindentation hardness of 62(5) GPa; thus, it opens a new class of highly desirable materials combining advanced mechanical properties and superconductivity.

  7. Percolation effect in thick film superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sali, R.; Harsanyi, G. [Technical Univ. of Budapest (Hungary)

    1994-12-31

    A thick film superconductor paste has been developed to study the properties of granulated superconductor materials, to observe the percolation effect and to confirm the theory of the conducting mechanism in the superconducting thick films. This paste was also applied to make a superconducting planar transformer. Due to high T{sub c} and advantageous current density properties the base of the paste was chosen to be of Bi(Pb)SrCaCuO system. For contacts a conventional Ag/Pt paste was used. The critical temperature of the samples were between 110 K and 115 K depending on the printed layer thickness. The critical current density at the boiling temperature of the liquid He- was between 200-300 A/cm{sup 2}. The R(T) and V(I) functions were measured with different parameters. The results of the measurements have confirmed the theory of conducting mechanism in the material. The percolation structure model has been built and described. As an application, a superconducting planar thick film transformer was planned and produced. Ten windings of the transformer were printed on one side of the alumina substrate and one winding was printed on the other side. The coupling between the two sides was possible through the substrate. The samples did not need special drying and firing parameters. After the preparation, the properties of the transformer were measured. The efficiency and the losses were determined. Finally, some fundamental advantages and problems of the process were discussed.

  8. Nonlinear supercurrent response in anisotropic superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stojkovic, B.P.; Valls, O.T. (School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455-0149 (United States))

    1995-03-01

    We study the nonlinear supercurrent response of unconventional superconductors to an applied magnetic field. We calculate numerically the superconducting penetration depth [lambda] and the magnetization component transverse to the applied magnetic field, at finite temperature and in arbitrary field, in the Meissner state. In the [ital d]-wave pairing state we find that both quantities exhibit nonlinear effects, due to the presence of nodes in the order parameter. We relate the results to various experimental situations and show how one can verify whether an observed [lambda]([ital T],[ital H]) is a signature of a particular pairing state. For an admixture of [ital s]-wave and [ital d]-wave superconducting states, we find that the transverse magnetization is suppressed, but that the [ital s]-wave component effect on the penetration depth may be overlooked in sufficiently large magnetic fields. We also consider dirty [ital d]-wave superconductors and discuss how these quantities, calculated as a function of temperature and field, are altered in this case.

  9. Electronic phase separation and high temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kivelson, S.A. [Univ. of California, Los Angeles, CA (United States). Dept. of Physics; Emery, V.J. [Brookhaven National Lab., Upton, NY (United States)

    1994-01-11

    The authors review the extensive evidence from model calculations that neutral holes in an antiferromagnet separate into hole-rich and hole-poor phases. All known solvable limits of models of holes in a Heisenberg antiferromagnet exhibit this behavior. The authors show that when the phase separation is frustrated by the introduction of long-range Coulomb interactions, the typical consequence is either a modulated (charge density wave) state or a superconducting phase. The authors then review some of the strong experimental evidence supporting an electronically-driven phase separation of the holes in the cuprate superconductors and the related Ni oxides. Finally, the authors argue that frustrated phase separation in these materials can account for many of the anomalous normal state properties of the high temperature superconductors and provide the mechanism of superconductivity. In particular, it is shown that the T-linear resistivity of the normal state is a paraconductivity associated with a novel composite pairing, although the ordered superconducting state is more conventional.

  10. High-temperature superconductors make major progress

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Bulletin

    2014-01-01

    This month's Nature Materials featured an important breakthrough for high-temperature superconductors. A new method has been found for processing Bi-2212 high-temperature superconducting round wire in order to drastically increase its critical current density. The result confirms that this conductor is a serious candidate for future very-high-field magnets.   This image shows the cross-section of two Bi-2212 wires. The bottom wire has less leakage and void porosity due to a heat treatment done at an overpressure of 100 bar - about 100 times the pressure used to produce the top wire (image from [Nature Materials, Vol. 13 (2014), 10.1038/nmat3887]). The workhorse for building superconducting accelerator magnets has been, so far, the Niobium-Titanium (Nb-Ti) alloy superconductor. But with Nb-Ti having reached its full potential, other conductors must be used to operate in higher magnetic fields beyond those reached with the LHC magnets. Today, the intermetallic Niobium-Tin (Nb3Sn) is th...

  11. Pinning Loss Power Density in Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsushita, Teruo

    2015-03-01

    The pinning loss power density is theoretically derived based on the resistive energy dissipation when the flux lines are driven by the Lorentz force in a superconductor. The obtained loss power density does not depend on the viscosity or flow resistivity, but is proportional to the pinning force density only, and it possesses the nature of hysteresis loss, as commonly measured in experiments. These features are predicted by the critical state model, which was recently proved theoretically. The obtained pinning force density is consistent with the prediction of the coherent potential approximation theory, a kind of statistical summation theory, for flux pinning. Thus, the irreversible properties associated with the flux pinning can be comprehensively described by these flux pinning theories. The irreversible flux pinning in the superconductor is compared with similar irreversible phenomena such as the motion of magnetic domain walls in ferromagnetic materials and the friction in mechanical systems. The possibility is also discussed for a general theoretical description of these irreversible phenomena in which the hysteresis loss occurs.

  12. Creating better superconductors by periodic nanopatterning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan P. Allan, Mark H. Fischer, Oliver Ostojic, Arjo Andringa

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The quest to create superconductors with higher transition temperatures is as old as superconductivity itself. One strategy, popular after the realization that (conventional superconductivity is mediated by phonons, is to chemically combine different elements within the crystalline unit cell to maximize the electron-phonon coupling. This led to the discovery of NbTi and Nb3Sn, to name just the most technologically relevant examples. Here, we propose a radically different approach to transform a `pristine' material into a better (meta- superconductor by making use of modern fabrication techniques: designing and engineering the electronic properties of thin films via periodic patterning on the nanoscale. We present a model calculation to explore the key effects of different supercells that could be fabricated using nanofabrication or deliberate lattice mismatch, and demonstrate that specific pattern will enhance the coupling and the transition temperature. We also discuss how numerical methods could predict the correct design parameters to improve superconductivity in materials including Al, NbTi, and MgB2

  13. Topological Phase Transitions in Multicomponent Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yuxuan; Fu, Liang

    2017-11-01

    We study the phase transition between a trivial and a time-reversal-invariant topological superconductor in a single-band system. By analyzing the interplay of symmetry, topology, and energetics, we show that for a generic normal state band structure, the phase transition occurs via extended intermediate phases in which even- and odd-parity pairing components coexist. For inversion-symmetric systems, the coexistence phase spontaneously breaks time-reversal symmetry. For noncentrosymmetric superconductors, the low-temperature intermediate phase is time-reversal breaking, while the high-temperature phase preserves time-reversal symmetry and has topologically protected line nodes. Furthermore, with approximate rotational invariance, the system has an emergent U (1 )×U (1 ) symmetry, and novel topological defects, such as half vortex lines binding Majorana fermions, can exist. We analytically solve for the dispersion of the Majorana fermion and show that it exhibits small and large velocities at low and high energies. Relevance of our theory to superconducting pyrochlore oxide Cd2 Re2 O7 and half-Heusler materials is discussed.

  14. Electronic structure and superconductivity of FeSe-related superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xu; Zhao, Lin; He, Shaolong; He, Junfeng; Liu, Defa; Mou, Daixiang; Shen, Bing; Hu, Yong; Huang, Jianwei; Zhou, X J

    2015-05-13

    FeSe superconductors and their related systems have attracted much attention in the study of iron-based superconductors owing to their simple crystal structure and peculiar electronic and physical properties. The bulk FeSe superconductor has a superconducting transition temperature (Tc) of ~8 K and it can be dramatically enhanced to 37 K at high pressure. On the other hand, its cousin system, FeTe, possesses a unique antiferromagnetic ground state but is non-superconducting. Substitution of Se with Te in the FeSe superconductor results in an enhancement of Tc up to 14.5 K and superconductivity can persist over a large composition range in the Fe(Se,Te) system. Intercalation of the FeSe superconductor leads to the discovery of the AxFe2-ySe2 (A = K, Cs and Tl) system that exhibits a Tc higher than 30 K and a unique electronic structure of the superconducting phase. A recent report of possible high temperature superconductivity in single-layer FeSe/SrTiO3 films with a Tc above 65 K has generated much excitement in the community. This pioneering work opens a door for interface superconductivity to explore for high Tc superconductors. The distinct electronic structure and superconducting gap, layer-dependent behavior and insulator-superconductor transition of the FeSe/SrTiO3 films provide critical information in understanding the superconductivity mechanism of iron-based superconductors. In this paper, we present a brief review of the investigation of the electronic structure and superconductivity of the FeSe superconductor and related systems, with a particular focus on the FeSe films.

  15. Current-tuned superconductor to insulator transition in granular Sm1.82Ce0.18CuO4-delta superconductor

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Luz, M. S. da; Sandim, M. J. R; Santos, C. A. M. dos; Machado, A. J. S; Jardim, R. F

    2007-01-01

    ...s. The effect of applied electrical current on the resistive behavior is investigated. The experimental data are analyzed using a modified form of the theory for a field-tuned superconductor-insulator transition in 2D superconductor...

  16. American superconductor technology to help CERN to explore the mysteries of matter company's high temperature superconductor wire to be used in CERN's Large Hadron Collider

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    American Superconductor Corporation has been selected by CERN, to provide 14,000 meters of high temperature superconductor (HTS) wire for current lead devices that will be used in CERN's Large Hadron Collider (1 page).

  17. The use of high temperature superconductors to levitate lunar telescope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Beth A.

    1992-01-01

    The objective of this paper was to assist in the construction of a lunar telescope mirror model by conducting research on composite materials and other lightweight, rigid materials, and by determining how much weight can be levitated by available superconductors. It is believed that with the construction of four magnets suspended over four bulk superconductors (or vice versa), there should be no problems lifting a model mirror and stabilizing it at different positions. It may be necessary to increase the size and quality of the superconductors and/or magnets in order to achieve this.

  18. Rotordynamic Characterization of a Hybrid Superconductor Magnet Bearing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Ki B.; Xia, Zule H.; Cooley, Rodger; Fowler, Clay; Chu, Wei-Kan

    1996-01-01

    A hybrid superconductor magnet bearing uses magnetic forces between permanent magnets to provide lift and the flux pinning force between permanent magnets and superconductors to stabilize against instabilities intrinsic to the magnetic force between magnets. We have constructed a prototype kinetic energy storage system, using a hybrid superconductor magnet bearing to support a 42 lb. flywheel at the center. With five sensors on the periphery of the flywheel, we have monitored the position and attitude of the flywheel during its spin down. The results indicate low values of stiffnesses for the bearing. The implications of this and other consequences will be discussed.

  19. Fine-Filament MgB2 Superconductor Wire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantu, Sherrie

    2015-01-01

    Hyper Tech Research, Inc., has developed fine-filament magnesium diboride (MgB2) superconductor wire for motors and generators used in turboelectric aircraft propulsion systems. In Phase I of the project, Hyper Tech demonstrated that MgB2 multifilament wires (superconductor and engineering current density and AC losses. Hyper Tech also fabricated MgB2 rotor coil packs for a superconducting generator. The ultimate goal is to enable low-cost, round, lightweight, low-AC-loss superconductors for motor and generator stator coils operating at 25 K in next-generation turboelectric aircraft propulsion systems.

  20. Above-gap conductance anomaly studied in superconductor-graphene-superconductor Josephson junctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Jae-Hyun; Lee, Hu-Jong [Pohang University of Science and Technology, Pohang (Korea, Republic of); Doh, Yong-Joo [Korea University, Yeongigun (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-07-15

    We investigated the electrical transport properties of superconductor-graphene-superconductor (SGS) Josephson junctions. At low voltage bias, we observed the conventional proximity-coupled Josephson effect, such as supercurrent flow through graphene, a sub-gap structure of differential conductance due to Andreev reflection, and a periodic modulation of the critical current I{sub c} when a perpendicular magnetic field H is applied to the graphene. For high bias above the superconducting gap voltage, however, we observed an anomalous jump of the differential conductance, the voltage position of which is sensitive to the backgate voltage V{sub g}. Our extensive study with varying V{sub g}, temperature, and H reveals that the above-gap structure takes place at a characteristic power P{sup *}, irrespective of V{sub g}, for a given junction. The temperature and the H dependences of P{sup *} are well explained by an increase in the electron temperature in graphene.

  1. Random gauge models of the superconductor-insulator transition in two-dimensional disordered superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granato, Enzo

    2017-11-01

    We study numerically the superconductor-insulator transition in two-dimensional inhomogeneous superconductors with gauge disorder, described by four different quantum rotor models: a gauge glass, a flux glass, a binary phase glass, and a Gaussian phase glass. The first two models describe the combined effect of geometrical disorder in the array of local superconducting islands and a uniform external magnetic field, while the last two describe the effects of random negative Josephson-junction couplings or π junctions. Monte Carlo simulations in the path-integral representation of the models are used to determine the critical exponents and the universal conductivity at the quantum phase transition. The gauge- and flux-glass models display the same critical behavior, within the estimated numerical uncertainties. Similar agreement is found for the binary and Gaussian phase-glass models. Despite the different symmetries and disorder correlations, we find that the universal conductivity of these models is approximately the same. In particular, the ratio of this value to that of the pure model agrees with recent experiments on nanohole thin-film superconductors in a magnetic field, in the large disorder limit.

  2. Superconductor-graphene-superconductor Josephson junction in the quantum Hall regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jie; Liu, Haiwen; Song, Juntao; Sun, Qing-Feng; Xie, X. C.

    2017-07-01

    Using a nonequilibrium-Green-function method, we numerically studied the transport properties of a superconductor-graphene-superconductor Josephson junction hybrid system in the quantum Hall regime. Our numerical calculations show that there are two interference patterns of the critical current due to the unique band structure of graphene. One is caused by the usual intraband Andreev retroreflection process, and the other one is caused by the interband specular Andreev reflection process. In the Andreev retroreflection regime, chiral Andreev edge states are formed and a distinct supercurrent can be observed. The critical current displays an AB oscillation behavior and the period is approximately 2 Φ0=h /e . As for the specular Andreev refection process, the reflected holes are bent back to the reverse direction of the incident electrons and the supercurrent flows along both edges. It is similar to a superconductor ring Josephson junction and the period is Φ0=h /2 e . However, the critical current for the specular Andreev reflection process is very small and is unlikely to be observable in an experiment. Thus, we conclude that our numerical calculations are inconsistent to the experimental findings by Amet et al. [Science 352, 966 (2016), 10.1126/science.aad6203].

  3. High point for CERN and high-temperature superconductors

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    Amalia Ballarino is named the Superconductor Industry Person of the year 2006. Amalia Ballarino showing a tape of high-superconducting material used for the LHC current leads.The CERN project leader for the high-temperature superconducting current leads for the LHC, Amalia Ballarino, has received the award for "Superconductor Industry Person of the Year". This award, the most prestigious international award in the development and commercialization of superconductors, is presented by the leading industry newsletter "Superconductor Week". Amalia Ballarino was selected from dozens of nominations from around the world by a panel of recognized leading experts in superconductivity. "It is a great honour for me," says Amalia Ballarino. "It has been many years of hard work, and it’s a great satisfaction to see that the work has been completed successfully." Amalia Ballarino has been working on high-temperature superconducting materials sin...

  4. Coherent quantum trasport in ferromagnet-superconductor-ferromagnet graphene junctions

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    M Salehi; GH Rashedi

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the coherent quantum transport in grapheme-based ferromagnet-superconductor-ferromagent junctions within the framework of BCS theory using DBdG quasiparticles equation...

  5. Five-fold way to new high Tc superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-11-27

    defined, they provide more guided opportunities, than before, for discovering new superconductors. The five-fold ways are. copper route,; pressure route,; diamond route,; graphene route and; double RVB route. Copper route is the ...

  6. Leaders in high temperature superconductivity commercialization win superconductor industry award

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    CERN's Large Hadron Collider curretn leads project head Amalia Ballarino named superconductor industry person of the year 2006. Former high temperature superconductivity program manager at the US Department of energy James Daley wins lifetime achievement award. (1,5 page)

  7. Factors affecting characterization of bulk high-temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, J.R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Energy Technology Div.

    1997-11-01

    Three major factors affect the characterization of bulk high-temperature superconductors in terms of their levitation properties during interaction with permanent magnets. First, the appropriate parameter for the permanent magnet is internal magnetization, not the value of the magnetic field measured at the magnet`s surface. Second, although levitation force grows with superconductor thickness and surface area, for a given permanent magnet size, comparison of levitation force between samples is meaningful when minimum values are assigned to the superconductor size parameters. Finally, the effect of force creep must be considered when time-averaging the force measurements. In addition to levitational force, the coefficient of friction of a levitated rotating permanent magnet may be used to characterize the superconductor.

  8. Optical magnetic flux generation in superconductor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Masayoshi Tonouchi1. Research Center for Superconductor Photonics, Osaka University, and PRESTO/CREST, Japan Science and Technology Corporation (JST), 2-1 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka 565-0871, Japan ...

  9. Workshop on Accelerator Magnet, Superconductor, Design and Optimization

    CERN Document Server

    Todesco, Ezio; WAMSDO 2013

    2013-01-01

    This report contains the proceedings of the Workshop on Accelerator Magnet Superconductor, Design and Optimization (WAMSDO) held at CERN from 15 to 16 January 2013. This fourth edition of the WAMSDO workshop is focussed on aspects related to quench protection.

  10. Stroboscopic phenomena in superconductors with dynamic pinning landscape

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Jelić, Ž L; Milošević, M V; Van de Vondel, J; Silhanek, A V

    2015-01-01

    Introducing artificial pinning centers is a well established strategy to trap quantum vortices and increase the maximal magnetic field and applied electric current that a superconductor can sustain without dissipation...

  11. Electron refrigeration in hybrid structures with spin-split superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rouco, M.; Heikkilä, T. T.; Bergeret, F. S.

    2018-01-01

    Electron tunneling between superconductors and normal metals has been used for an efficient refrigeration of electrons in the latter. Such cooling is a nonlinear effect and usually requires a large voltage. Here we study the electron cooling in heterostructures based on superconductors with a spin-splitting field coupled to normal metals via spin-filtering barriers. The cooling power shows a linear term in the applied voltage. This improves the coefficient of performance of electron refrigeration in the normal metal by shifting its optimum cooling to lower voltage, and also allows for cooling the spin-split superconductor by reverting the sign of the voltage. We also show how tunnel coupling spin-split superconductors with regular ones allows for a highly efficient refrigeration of the latter.

  12. Current fluctuations in unconventional superconductor junctions with impurity scattering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burset, Pablo; Lu, Bo; Tamura, Shun; Tanaka, Yukio

    2017-06-01

    The order parameter of bulk two-dimensional superconductors is classified as nodal if it vanishes for a direction in momentum space, or gapful if it does not. Each class can be topologically nontrivial if Andreev bound states are formed at the edges of the superconductor. Nonmagnetic impurities in the superconductor affect the formation of Andreev bound states and can drastically change the tunneling spectra for small voltages. Here, we investigate the mean current and its fluctuations for two-dimensional tunnel junctions between normal-metal and unconventional superconductors by solving the quasiclassical Eilenberger equation self-consistently, including the presence of nonmagnetic impurities in the superconductor. As the impurity strength increases, we find that superconductivity is suppressed for almost all order parameters since (i) at zero applied bias, the effective transferred charge calculated from the noise-current ratio tends to the electron charge e , and (ii) for finite bias, the current-voltage characteristics follows that of a normal-state junction. There are notable exceptions to this trend. First, gapful nontrivial (chiral) superconductors are very robust against impurity scattering due to the linear dispersion relation of their surface Andreev bound states. Second, for nodal nontrivial superconductors, only px-wave pairing is almost immune to the presence of impurities due to the emergence of odd-frequency s -wave Cooper pairs near the interface. Due to their anisotropic dependence on the wave vector, impurity scattering is an effective pair-breaking mechanism for the remaining nodal superconductors. All these behaviors are neatly captured by the noise-current ratio, providing a useful guide to find experimental signatures for unconventional superconductivity.

  13. Stability of magnetic tip/superconductor levitation systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    K. Alqadi, M.

    2015-11-01

    The vertical stability of a magnetic tip over a superconducting material is investigated by using the critical state and the frozen image models. The analytical expressions of the stiffness and the vibration frequency about the equilibrium position are derived in term of the geometrical parameters of the magnet/superconductor system. It is found that the stability of the system depends on the shape of the superconductor as well as its thickness.

  14. Enhancement of critical temperature in fractal metamaterial superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Smolyaninov, Igor I., E-mail: smoly@umd.edu [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Smolyaninova, Vera N. [Department of Physics Astronomy and Geosciences, Towson University, 8000 York Road, Towson, MD 21252 (United States)

    2017-04-15

    Fractal metamaterial superconductor geometry has been suggested and analyzed based on the recently developed theoretical description of critical temperature increase in epsilon near zero (ENZ) metamaterial superconductors. Considerable enhancement of critical temperature has been predicted in such materials due to appearance of large number of additional poles in the inverse dielectric response function of the fractal. Our results agree with the recent observation (Fratini et al. Nature 466, 841 (2010)) that fractal defect structure promotes superconductivity.

  15. Scanning tunneling spectroscopy on electron-boson interactions in superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Schackert, Michael Peter

    2015-01-01

    This work describes the experimental study of electron-boson interactions in superconductors by means of inelastic electron tunneling spectroscopy performed with a scanning tunneling microscope (STM) at temperatures below 1 K. This new approach allows the direct measurement of the Eliashberg function of conventional superconductors as demonstrated on lead (Pb) and niobium (Nb). Preparative experiments on unconventional iron-pnictides are presented in the end.

  16. Charge transport in disordered superconductor-graphene junctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Metalidis, Georgo; Schoen, Gerd [Institut fuer Theoretische Festkoerperphysik, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, D-76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Golubev, Dmitry [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    We consider the charge transport through superconductor-graphene tunnel junctions, including the effect of disorder. Coherent scattering on elastic impurities in the graphene layer can give rise to multiple reflections at the graphene-superconductor interface, and can thereby increase the probability of Andreev reflection, leading to an enhancement of the subgap conductance above its classical value. Although the phenomenon is known already from heterostructures involving normal metals, we have studied how graphenes peculiar dispersion relation influences the effect.

  17. Enhancement of critical temperature in fractal metamaterial superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smolyaninov, Igor I.; Smolyaninova, Vera N.

    2017-04-01

    Fractal metamaterial superconductor geometry has been suggested and analyzed based on the recently developed theoretical description of critical temperature increase in epsilon near zero (ENZ) metamaterial superconductors. Considerable enhancement of critical temperature has been predicted in such materials due to appearance of large number of additional poles in the inverse dielectric response function of the fractal. Our results agree with the recent observation (Fratini et al. Nature 466, 841 (2010)) that fractal defect structure promotes superconductivity.

  18. Imaging the paramagnetic nonlinear Meissner effect in nodal gap superconductor

    OpenAIRE

    Zhuravel, Alexander P.; Bae, Seokjin; Shevchenko, Sergey N.; Omelyanchouk, Alexander N.; Lukashenko, Alexander V.; Ustinov, Alexey V.; Anlage, Steven M.

    2017-01-01

    Boundary surfaces of nodal gap superconductors can host Andreev bound states (ABS) which develop a paramagnetic response under external RF field in contrast to the bulk diamagnetic response of the bulk superconductor. At low temperature this surface paramagnetic response dominates and enhances the nonlinear RF response of the sample. With a recently developed photoresponse imaging technique, the anisotropy of this "paramagnetic" nonlinear Meissner response, and its current direction (angular)...

  19. Holographic superconductors in Einstein-æther gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Kai; Wu, Yumei

    2017-11-01

    In this paper, we apply Anti-de Sitter (AdS) black hole solution of the Einstein-æther theory to the study of the holographic superconductor and show that the AdS black hole solution can be rewritten in some very simple forms, from which it is easy to identify the locations of various killing horizons. Then, we investigate the different effects of these horizons on the holographic superconductor.

  20. Electronic Dispersion Anomalies in Iron Pnictide Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heimes, Andreas; Grein, Roland; Eschrig, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    Recently, experimental studies of the spin excitation spectrum revealed a strong temperature dependence in the normal state and a resonance feature in the superconducting state of several Fe-based superconductors. Based on these findings, we develop a model of electrons interacting with a temperature dependent magnetic excitation spectrum and apply it to angle resolved photoemission in Ba1-xKxFe2As2. We reproduce in quantitative agreement with experiment a renormalization of the quasiparticle dispersion both in the normal and the superconducting state, and the dependence of the quasiparticle linewidth on binding energy. We estimate the strength of the coupling between electronic and spin excitations. Our findings support a dominantly magnetic pairing mechanism.

  1. Two-dimensional Semiconductor-Superconductor Hybrids

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suominen, Henri Juhani

    heterostructures, observing clear evidence of supercurrent, and the first direct spectroscopy of an induced superconducting gap in a two-dimensional electron gas. Nonetheless, these experiments reveal inhomogeneous contacts and a soft-induced superconducting gap, likely due to disorder at the Sm-S interface....... To overcome these issues we integrate the superconductor directly into the semiconducting material growth stack, depositing it in-situ in a molecular beam epitaxy system under high vacuum. We present a number of experiments on these hybrid heterostructures, demonstrating near unity interface transparency...... with previous reports of Majorana modes in semiconductor nanowires. By offering a patternable two-dimensional platform, our approach opens up the door to experiments probing the predicted topological properties in this system....

  2. Noncommutative effects of spacetime on holographic superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debabrata Ghorai

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue method is employed to analytically investigate the properties of holographic superconductors in higher dimensions in the framework of Born–Infeld electrodynamics incorporating the effects of noncommutative spacetime. In the background of pure Einstein gravity in noncommutative spacetime, we obtain the relation between the critical temperature and the charge density. We also obtain the value of the condensation operator and the critical exponent. Our findings suggest that the higher value of noncommutative parameter and Born–Infeld parameter make the condensate harder to form. We also observe that the noncommutative structure of spacetime makes the critical temperature depend on the mass of the black hole and higher value of black hole mass is favourable for the formation of the condensate.

  3. Noncommutative effects of spacetime on holographic superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghorai, Debabrata, E-mail: debanuphy123@gmail.com [S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, JD Block, Sector III, Salt Lake, Kolkata 700098 (India); Gangopadhyay, Sunandan, E-mail: sunandan.gangopadhyay@gmail.com [Department of Physics, West Bengal State University, Barasat (India); Inter University Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics, Pune (India)

    2016-07-10

    The Sturm–Liouville eigenvalue method is employed to analytically investigate the properties of holographic superconductors in higher dimensions in the framework of Born–Infeld electrodynamics incorporating the effects of noncommutative spacetime. In the background of pure Einstein gravity in noncommutative spacetime, we obtain the relation between the critical temperature and the charge density. We also obtain the value of the condensation operator and the critical exponent. Our findings suggest that the higher value of noncommutative parameter and Born–Infeld parameter make the condensate harder to form. We also observe that the noncommutative structure of spacetime makes the critical temperature depend on the mass of the black hole and higher value of black hole mass is favourable for the formation of the condensate.

  4. Probing thermodynamic fluctuations in high temperature superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, Felix; Veira, J. A.; Maza, J.; Miguélez, F.; Morán, E.; Alario, M. A.

    1988-04-01

    We probe thermodynamic fluctuations in HTSC by measuring the excess electrical conductivity, Δσ, abovr T c in single-phase (within 4%) Ba 2LnCu 3O 7-δ compounds, with LnY, Ho and Sm. As expected, the measured relative effect, Δσ / σ (300 K), is much more important in HTSC than for low-temperature superconductors (at least one order of magnitude). In the reduced temperature region -5=-0.47 ± 0.06. This result confirms an universal critical behaviour of Δσ in HTSC, and the value of agrees with that predicted by the Aslamazov-Larkin (AL) theory for three-dimensional BCS superconductivity. However, A shows a normal conductivity dependence which is not accounted for by the AL theory.

  5. Fluctuation diamagnetism in two-band superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adachi, Kyosuke; Ikeda, Ryusuke

    2016-04-01

    Anomalously large fluctuation diamagnetism around the superconducting critical temperature has been recently observed in iron selenide (FeSe) [Kasahara et al. (unpublished)]. This indicates that superconducting fluctuations (SCFs) play a more significant role in FeSe, which supposedly has a two-band structure, than in the familiar single-band superconductors. Motivated by the data on FeSe, SCF-induced diamagnetism is examined in a two-band system, on the basis of a phenomenological approach with a Ginzburg-Landau functional. The obtained results indicate that the SCF-induced diamagnetism may be more enhanced than that in a single-band system due to the existence of two distinct fluctuation modes. Such enhancement of diamagnetism unique to a two-band system seems consistent with the large diamagnetism observed in FeSe, though still far from a quantitative agreement.

  6. High temperature superconductors for magnetic suspension applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mcmichael, C. K.; Cooley, R. S.; Chen, Q. Y.; Ma, K. B.; Lamb, M. A.; Meng, R. L.; Chu, C. W.; Chu, W. K.

    1994-01-01

    High temperature superconductors (HTS) hold the promise for applications in magnetic levitation bearings, vibration damping, and torque coupling. Traditional magnetic suspension systems require active feedback and vibration controls in which power consumption and low frequency vibration are among the major engineering concerns. HTS materials have been demonstrated to be an enabling approach towards such problems due to their flux trapping properties. In our laboratory at TCSUH, we have been conducting a series of experiments to explore various mechanical applications using HTS. We have constructed a 30 lb. model flywheel levitated by a hybrid superconducting magnetic bearing (HSMB). We are also developing a levitated and vibration-dampled platform for high precision instrumentation. These applications would be ideal for space usages where ambient temperature is adequate for HTS to operate properly under greatly reduced cryogenic requirements. We will give a general overview of these potential applications and discuss the operating principles of the HTS devices we have developed.

  7. Fractional Vortices in Multi-Gap Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Yen Lee; Kim, Monica; Kim, Ju H.

    2014-03-01

    Novel topological defects, known as fractional vortices, can occur in thin films of multi-gap superconductors. We study two-gap and three-gap superconducting films within a classical Ginzburg-Landau description, using numerical simulations and analytic approximations. In two-gap superconducting films, we find that the interband Josephson coupling J12 leads to an effective attraction between half-vortices, whereas the permeability parameter μ leads to an effective repulsion between half-vortices. We locate the phase boundary in (J12 , μ) space that marks the onset of spontaneous vortex fractionalization. We describe how the size of a fractional vortex increases as one goes deeper into the fractionalized phase. Our results suggest that coating a multi-gap superconducting film with a paramagnetic overlayer will enhance the tendency towards vortex fractionalization.

  8. Gravimeter using high-temperature superconductor bearing.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, J. R.

    1998-09-11

    We have developed a sensitive gravimeter concept that uses an extremely low-friction bearing based on a permanent magnet (PM) levitated over a high-temperature superconductor (HTS). A mass is attached to the PM by means of a cantilevered beam, and the combination of PM and HTS forms a bearing platform that has low resistance to rotational motion but high resistance to horizontal, vertical, or tilting motion. The combination acts as a low-loss torsional pendulum that can be operated in any orientation. Gravity acts on the cantilevered beam and attached mass, accelerating them. Variations in gravity can be detected by time-of-flight acceleration, or by a control coil or electrode that would keep the mass stationary. Calculations suggest that the HTS gravimeter would be as sensitive as present-day superconducting gravimeters that need cooling to liquid helium temperatures, but the HTS gravimeter needs cooling only to liquid nitrogen temperatures.

  9. Search for Superscreening effect in Superconductor

    CERN Document Server

    Ujic, P; Lewitowicz, M; Achouri, L; Assié, M; Bastin, B; Borcea, C; Borcea, R; Buta, A; Coc, A; De France, G; Kamalou, O; Kiener, J; Lepailleur, A; Meot, V; Pautrat, A; Laurent, M G Saint; Sorlin, O; Stanoiu, M; Tatischef, V

    2012-01-01

    The decay of $^{19}$O($\\beta^-$) and $^{19}$Ne($\\beta^+$) implanted in niobium in its superconducting and metallic phase was measured using purified radioactive beams produced by the SPIRAL/GANIL facility. Half-lives and branching ratios measured in the two phases are consistent within one-sigma error bar. This measurement casts strong doubts on the predicted strong electron screening in superconductor, the so-called superscreening. The measured difference in screening potential energy is 110(90) eV for $^{19}$Ne and 400(320) eV for $^{19}$O. Precise determinations of the half-lives were obtained for $^{19}$O: 26.476(9) s and $^{19}$Ne: 17.254(5) s.

  10. Visualization of columnar defects in superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, P.; Rossel, C.; Williams, E. J.; Berger, R.; Daniel, J.; Irmer, B.; Kraus, M.; Kreiselmeyer, G.; Saemann-Ischenko, G.; Karpinski, J.

    1996-02-01

    Columnar defects in single crystals of superconductors were investigated using scanning probe microscopy. We show that the observable topography strongly depends on the crystal structure as well as on the type of the interaction with the probe. In scanning tunneling microscopy studies, the low conductance of the amorphous tracks leads to tip-surface contact. Owing to this contact, the defects are imaged as hollows having a depth that primarily reflects the tunneling distance. For the high transition temperature materials, atomic force microscopy images the real defect structure as hillocks growing out of the surface. This outgrowth of amorphous material is time dependent and produced by the relaxation of irradiation-induced stress. The dynamic outgrowth of the columnar defects is discussed in terms of a so-called “tooth paste” model.

  11. Fermi Surface of the Most Dilute Superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiao Lin

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The origin of superconductivity in bulk SrTiO_{3} is a mystery since the nonmonotonous variation of the critical transition with carrier concentration defies the expectations of the crudest version of the BCS theory. Here, employing the Nernst effect, an extremely sensitive probe of tiny bulk Fermi surfaces, we show that, down to concentrations as low as 5.5×10^{17}  cm^{-3}, the system has both a sharp Fermi surface and a superconducting ground state. The most dilute superconductor currently known therefore has a metallic normal state with a Fermi energy as little as 1.1 meV on top of a band gap as large as 3 eV. The occurrence of a superconducting instability in an extremely small, single-component, and barely anisotropic Fermi surface implies strong constraints for the identification of the pairing mechanism.

  12. System and method for quench and over-current protection of superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Xianrui; Laskaris, Evangelos Trifon; Sivasubramaniam, Kiruba Haran; Bray, James William; Ryan, David Thomas; Fogarty, James Michael; Steinbach, Albert Eugene

    2005-05-31

    A system and method for protecting a superconductor. The system may comprise a current sensor operable to detect a current flowing through the superconductor. The system may comprise a coolant temperature sensor operable to detect the temperature of a cryogenic coolant used to cool the superconductor to a superconductive state. The control circuit is operable to estimate the superconductor temperature based on the current flow and the coolant temperature. The system may also be operable to compare the estimated superconductor temperature to at least one threshold temperature and to initiate a corrective action when the superconductor temperature exceeds the at least one threshold temperature.

  13. Superconductors Enable Lower Cost MRI Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    The future looks bright, light, and green, especially where aircraft are concerned. The division of NASA s Fundamental Aeronautics Program called the Subsonic Fixed Wing Project is aiming to reach new heights by 2025-2035, improving the efficiency and environmental impact of air travel by developing new capabilities for cleaner, quieter, and more fuel efficient aircraft. One of the many ways NASA plans to reach its aviation goals is by combining new aircraft configurations with an advanced turboelectric distributed propulsion (TeDP) system. Jeff Trudell, an engineer at Glenn Research Center, says, "The TeDP system consists of gas turbines generating electricity to power a large number of distributed motor-driven fans embedded into the airframe." The combined effect increases the effective bypass ratio and reduces drag to meet future goals. "While room temperature components may help reduce emissions and noise in a TeDP system, cryogenic superconducting electric motors and generators are essential to reduce fuel burn," says Trudell. Superconductors provide significantly higher current densities and smaller and lighter designs than room temperature equivalents. Superconductors are also able to conduct direct current without resistance (loss of energy) below a critical temperature and applied field. Unfortunately, alternating current (AC) losses represent the major part of the heat load and depend on the frequency of the current and applied field. A refrigeration system is necessary to remove the losses and its weight increases with decreasing temperature. In 2001, a material called magnesium diboride (MgB2) was discovered to be superconducting. The challenge, however, has been learning to manufacture MgB2 inexpensively and in long lengths to wind into large coils while meeting the application requirements.

  14. The role of oxygen in quinternary superconductors.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Beckman, D.R.; Jamieson, D.N. [Melbourne Univ., Parkville, VIC (Australia). School of Physics

    1996-12-31

    The oxygen composition of the new generation of high temperature superconductors (HTSC) has been found to play a crucial role in determining the superconductivity of these materials. However, measurement of the oxygen stoichiometry in such samples has proven difficult due to the small scattering cross section of oxygen, a light element, which has caused the oxygen scattering signal to be overwhelmed by the far larger signals generated off the heavier elements present in the HTSC samples. It is for this reason that previous ion beam analysis of oxide crystals has often either made no attempt to determine the oxygen content or has used O({alpha},{alpha})O resonances such as that at {approx} 3.05 MeV to probe the crystal. This work continues tests of a new technique for probing oxygen which overcomes the problem of an insignificant O BS signal by exploiting the large nuclear resonance found to occur in the O(p,p)O cross-section near an energy of 3.5 MeV in order to produce a significant oxygen edge in the H{sup +} BS spectrum obtained for the HTSC sample. The use of a H{sup +} beam is preferable to a He{sup 2+} beam for such work due to its enhanced sensitivity to light elements. The quinternary superconductor used for this investigation was a good quality pure Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8+x} (BISCO, 2212) crystal. The size of this crystal was 5x5xl mm{sup 3} with the [001] face perpendicular to the surface. Measurements were performed using the University of Melbourne nuclear microprobe. The sample was mounted on an aluminium target holder using a carbon base adhesive which provided good electrical contact and it was oriented inside the target chamber by means of a four axis precision eucentric goniometer. 6 refs., 3 figs.

  15. Proximity Effect at Graphene - High Tc Superconductor Junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Da; Shih, En-Min; Arefe, Ghidewon; Kim, Youngduck; Edelberg, Drew; Andrade, Erick; Wang, Dennis; Hone, James; Dean, Cory; Pasupathy, Abhay; Department of Physics, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA Collaboration

    The proximity effect is a well-known mesoscopic phenomenon where Cooper pairs from a superconductor (S) enter into a normal metal (N) that is well coupled to it. Since graphene was discovered a decade ago, the proximity effect at superconductor-graphene junctions has been extensively studied and interesting phenomena such as specular Andreev reflection and ballistic transport at graphene Josephson junctions have been observed. However, superconductors used in these experiments to date are of conventional low Tc, such as aluminum(Tc=1.2K), NbSe2(Tc=7K), and MoRe(Tc=8K). Understanding how the proximity effect works between high-Tc superconductors (pnictides and cuprates) and the Dirac Fermions of graphene remains largely unexplored. The chief technical challenge here is to create high-quality junctions between high-Tc superconductors and graphene. In this work, we will introduce a home-made setup that allows us to exfoliate, transfer and encapsulate superconductor-graphene junctions in a well controlled inert atmosphere. Transport measurements of the proximity effect at graphene-iron pnictide(FeSe, FeTeSe) and graphene-cuprate(BSCCO) junctions will be described.

  16. Signatures of Majorana Kramers pairs in superconductor-Luttinger liquid and superconductor-quantum dot-normal lead junctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kim, Younghyun; Liu, Dong E.; Gaidamauskas, Erikas

    2016-01-01

    to that in a spin-triplet superconductor - normal lead junction. We also study here a quantum dot coupled to a normal lead and a Majorana Kramers pair and investigate the effect of local repulsive interactions leading to an interplay between Kondo and Majorana correlations. Using a combination of renormalization...... sector of the topological superconductor. We investigate the stability of the Majorana phase with respect to Gaussian fluctuations....

  17. Rigid levitation, flux pinning, thermal depinning and fluctuation in high-Tc superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandt, E. H.

    1991-01-01

    Here, the author shows that the strong velocity-independent frictional force on a levitating superconductor and on any type-II superconductor moving in a homogeneous magnetic field is caused by pinning and depinning of the magnetic flux lines in its interior. Levitation may thus be used to investigate the pinning properties of a superconductor, and friction in a superconductor bearing may be minimized by choosing appropriate materials and geometries.

  18. Current-injection in a ballastic multiterminal superconductor/two-dimensional electron gas Josephson junction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schäpers, Th.; Guzenko, V.A.; Müller, R.P.; Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch; Brinkman, Alexander; Crecelius, G.; Kaluza, A.; Lüth, H.

    2003-01-01

    We study the suppression of the critical current in a multi-terminal superconductor/two-dimensional electron gas/superconductor Josephson junction by means of hot carrier injection. As a superconductor Nb is used, while the two-dimensional electron gas is located in a strained InGaAs/InP

  19. Anatomy of a periodically driven p-wave superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhao, Erhai [George Mason Univ., Fairfax, VA (United States). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy

    2016-07-01

    The topological properties of periodically driven many-body systems often have no static analogs and defy a simple description based on the effective Hamiltonian. To explore the emergent edge modes in driven p-wave superconductors in two dimensions, we analysed a toy model of Kitaev chains (one-dimensional spinless p-wave superconductors with Majorana edge states) coupled by time-periodic hopping. We showed that with proper driving, the coupled Kitaev chains can turn into a fully gapped superconductor, which is analogous to the p{sub x}+ip{sub y} state but has two, rather than one, chiral edge modes. A different driving protocol turns it into a gapless superconductor with isolated point nodes and completely flat edge states at quasienergy ω=0 or π/T, with T as the driving period. The time evolution operator U(k{sub x}, k{sub y}, t) of the toy model is computed exactly to yield the phase bands. And the ''topological singularities'' of the phase bands are exhausted and compared to those of a periodically driven Hofstadter model, which features counter-propagating chiral edge modes. These examples demonstrate the unique edge states in driven superconducting systems and suggest driving as a potentially fruitful route to engineer new topological superconductors.

  20. Holographic superconductor on a novel insulator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Yi; Liu, Peng; Wu, Jian-Pin; Wu, Meng-He

    2018-01-01

    We construct a holographic superconductor model, based on a gravity theory, which exhibits novel metal-insulator transitions. We investigate the condition for the condensation of the scalar field over the parameter space, and then focus on the superconductivity over the insulating phase with a hard gap, which is supposed to be Mott-like. It turns out that the formation of the hard gap in the insulating phase benefits the superconductivity. This phenomenon is analogous to the fact that the pseudogap phase can promote the pre-pairing of electrons in high {T}{{c}} cuprates. We expect that this work can shed light on understanding the mechanism of high {T}{{c}} superconductivity from the holographic side. Supported by Natural Science Foundation of China (11575195, 11775036, 11305018), Y.L. also acknowledges the support from Jiangxi young scientists (JingGang Star) program and 555 talent project of Jiangxi Province. J. P. Wu is also supported by Natural Science Foundation of Liaoning Province (201602013)

  1. Transport measurements in superconductor/Heusler bilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Imort, Inga-Mareen; Fabretti, Savio; Thomas, Patrick; Reiss, Guenter; Thomas, Andy [Fakultaet fuer Physik, Universitaet Bielefeld, Bielefeld (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    Superconductivity and ferromagnetism are two contrary phenomena due to their electronic properties. The investigation of superconductor (S)/ferromagnet (F) heterostructures has attracted a lot of scientific interest since they allow studying the interplay between superconductivity and ferromagnetism. Additionally, applications seem possible such as F/S/F spin valves and S/F/S π-junctions. Using transport- and magnetotransport-measurements, we investigate the behavior of the superconducting transition temperature T{sub c} in NbTi/Co{sub 2}FeSi bilayers as a function of different layer thicknesses and for varying magnetic moments of the Co{sub 2}FeSi layers. Using rf-magnetron sputtering, NbTi/Co{sub 2}FeSi bilayers were grown on single-crystalline MgO(001) substrates and in-situ annealed at different temperatures. The layered character of our samples has been tested by X-ray diffraction (XRD) scans. The electronic and magnetic transport measurements have been performed between 3 and 300 K with the magnetic field up to 4 T oriented in the film plane. The dependence of T{sub c} on the NbTi- and Co{sub 2}FeSi-layer thickness enables an estimation of the interface transparency of the NbTi/Co{sub 2}FeSi barrier in the framework of recent theoretical models.

  2. Topological transitions in multi-band superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Continentino, Mucio A., E-mail: mucio@cbpf.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud, 150, Urca 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Deus, Fernanda, E-mail: fernanda@cbpf.br [Centro Brasileiro de Pesquisas Físicas, Rua Dr. Xavier Sigaud, 150, Urca 22290-180, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Padilha, Igor T., E-mail: igorfis@ufam.edu.br [Universidade Federal do Amazonas, Campus Capital, 69077-070, Manaus, AM (Brazil); Caldas, Heron, E-mail: hcaldas@ufsj.edu.br [Departamento de Ciências Naturais, Universidade Federal de São João Del Rei, 36301-000, São João Del Rei, MG (Brazil)

    2014-09-15

    The search for Majorana fermions has been concentrated in topological insulators or superconductors. In general, the existence of these modes requires the presence of spin–orbit interactions and of an external magnetic field. The former implies in having systems with broken inversion symmetry, while the latter breaks time reversal invariance. In a recent paper, we have shown that a two-band metal with an attractive inter-band interaction has non-trivial superconducting properties, if the k-dependent hybridization is anti-symmetric in the wave-vector. This is the case, if the crystalline potential mixes states with different parities as for orbitals with angular momentum l and l+1. In this paper we take into account the effect of an external magnetic field, not considered in the previous investigation, in a two-band metal and show how it modifies the topological properties of its superconducting state. We also discuss the conditions for the appearance of Majorana fermions in this system.

  3. Proximity coupling in superconductor-graphene heterostructures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Gil-Ho; Lee, Hu-Jong

    2018-02-16

    This review discusses the electronic properties and the prospective research directions of superconductor-graphene heterostructures. The basic electronic properties of graphene are introduced to highlight the unique possibility of combining two seemingly unrelated physics, superconductivity and relativity. We then focus on graphene-based Josephson junctions, one of the most versatile superconducting quantum devices. The various theoretical methods that have been developed to describe graphene Josephson junctions are examined, together with their advantages and limitations, followed by a discussion on the advances in device fabrication and the relevant length scales. The phase-sensitive properties and phase-particle dynamics of graphene Josephson junctions are examined to provide an understanding of the underlying mechanisms of Josephson coupling via graphene. Thereafter, microscopic transport of correlated quasiparticles produced by Andreev reflections at superconducting interfaces and their phase-coherent behaviors are discussed. Quantum phase transitions studied with graphene as an electrostatically tunable two-dimensional platform are reviewed. The interplay between proximity-induced superconductivity and the quantum-Hall phase is discussed as a possible route to study topological superconductivity and non-Abelian physics. Finally, a brief summary on the prospective future research directions is given. © 2018 IOP Publishing Ltd.

  4. Studies of anisotropy of iron based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, Jason A. [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2013-01-01

    To study the electronic anisotropy in iron based superconductors, the temperature dependent London penetration depth, Δλ(T), have been measured in several compounds, along with the angular dependent upper critical field, Hc2(T). Study was undertaken on single crystals of Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 with x=0.108 and x=0.127, in the overdoped range of the doping phase diagram, characterized by notable modulation of the superconducting gap. Heavy ion irradiation with matching field doses of 6 T and 6.5 T respectively, were used to create columnar defects and to study their effect on the temperature Δλ(T). The variation of the low-temperature penetration depth in both pristine and irradiated samples was fitted with a power-law function Δλ(T) = ATn. Irradiation increases the magnitude of the pre-factor A and decreases the exponent n, similar to the effect on the optimally doped samples. This finding supports the universal s ± scenario for the whole doping range.

  5. High temperature superconductors at optimal doping

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. E. Pickett

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available   Intensive study of the high temperature superconductors has been ongoing for two decades. A great deal of this effort has been devoted to the underdoped regime, where the new and difficult physics of the doped Mott insulator has met extra complications including bilayer coupling/splitting, shadow bands, and hot spots. While these complications continue to unfold, in this short overview the focus is moved to the region of actual high-Tc, that of optimal doping. The focus here also is not on the superconducting state itself, but primarily on the characteristics of the normal state from which the superconducting instability arises, and even these can be given only a broad-brush description. A reminder is given of two issues,(i why the “optimal Tc” varies,for n-layered systems it increases for n up to 3, then decreases for a given n, Tc increases according to the ‘basis’ atom in the order Bi, Tl, Hg (ii how does pressure, or a particular uniaxial strain, increase Tc when the zero-strain system is already optimally doped?

  6. Hole-doped cuprate high temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, C.W.; Deng, L.Z.; Lv, B.

    2015-07-15

    Highlights: • Historical discoveries of hole-doped cuprates and representative milestone work. • Several simple and universal scaling laws of the hole-doped cuprates. • A comprehensive classification list with references for hole-doped cuprates. • Representative physical parameters for selected hole-doped cuprates. - Abstract: Hole-doped cuprate high temperature superconductors have ushered in the modern era of high temperature superconductivity (HTS) and have continued to be at center stage in the field. Extensive studies have been made, many compounds discovered, voluminous data compiled, numerous models proposed, many review articles written, and various prototype devices made and tested with better performance than their nonsuperconducting counterparts. The field is indeed vast. We have therefore decided to focus on the major cuprate materials systems that have laid the foundation of HTS science and technology and present several simple scaling laws that show the systematic and universal simplicity amid the complexity of these material systems, while referring readers interested in the HTS physics and devices to the review articles. Developments in the field are mostly presented in chronological order, sometimes with anecdotes, in an attempt to share some of the moments of excitement and despair in the history of HTS with readers, especially the younger ones.

  7. Growth and characterization of bulk superconductor material

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Dapeng; Maljuk, Andrey; Zhou, Fang

    2016-01-01

    This book focuses on recently developed crystal growth techniques to grow large and high quality superconducting single crystals. The techniques applied are traveling solvent floating zone (TSFZ) with infrared image furnace, Bridgeman, solution/flux and top seeded solution growth (TSSG) methods. The materials range from cuprates, cobaltates to pnictides including La2CuO4-based (LCO), YBa2Cu3O7-d (YBCO), Bi2Sr2Can−1CunO2n+4+δ (n=1,2,3) (BSCCO) to NaxCoO2. The modified Bridgman “cold finger” method is devoted to the pnictide system with the best quality (transition width DTc~0.5 K) with highest Tc~38.5 K of Ba0.68K0.32Fe2A2. The book presents various iron-based superconductors with different structures, such as 1111, 122, 111, 11 and 42622,10-3-8. Detailed single crystal growth methods (fluxes, Bridgman, floating zone), the associated procedures and their impact to crystal size and quality are presented. The book also describes the influence of doping on the structure and the electric, magnetic, and supe...

  8. A 385-500 GHz Low Noise Superconductor-Insulator- Superconductor Mixer for ALMA Band 8

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, Wenlei; sAsayama, Shinichiro; Kamikura, Mamoru; Noguchi, Takashi; Shi, Shengcai; Sekimoto, Yutaro

    2006-02-01

    We report on the design and experimental results of a fix-tuned Superconductor-Insulator-Superconductor (SIS) mixer for Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA) band 8 (385-500 GHz) receivers. Nb-based SIS junctions of a current density of 10 kA/cm2 and one micrometer size (fabricated with a two-step lift-off process) are employed to accomplish the ALMA receiver specification, which requires wide frequency coverage as well as low noise temperature. A parallel-connected twin-junction (PCTJ) is designed to resonate at the band center to tune out the junction geometric capacitance. A waveguide-microstrip probe is optimized to have nearly frequency-independent impedance at the probe's feed point, thereby making it easy to match the low-impedance PCTJ over a wide frequency band. The RF embedding impedance is retrieved by fitting the measured pumped I-V curves to confirm good matching between PCTJ and signal source. We demonstrate here a minimum double-sideband receiver noise temperature of 3 times of quantum limits for an intermediate-frequency range of 4-8 GHz. The mixers were measured in band 8 cartridge with a sideband separation scheme. Single-sideband receiver noise below ALMA specification was achieved over the whole band.

  9. Proximity effect in superconductor-insulator-superconductor Josephson tunnel junctions: Theory and experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golubov, A. A.; Houwman, E. P.; Gijsbertsen, J. G.; Krasnov, V. M.; Flokstra, J.; Rogalla, H.; Kupriyanov, M. Yu.

    1995-01-01

    A microscopic model of the proximity effect in superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SS'IS''S) Josephson tunnel junctions has been developed for the general case of the finite critical temperature of the S' (S'') metal, arbitrary SS' (SS'') boundary transparency and the strength of the proximity effect between S and S' (respectively S and S''). The metals are assumed to be in the dirty limit and the thickness of the proximity layer is assumed to be small compared to its coherence length. The electrical properties of the SS'IS''S junction are calculated as a function of the strength of the proximity effect, boundary transparency, critical temperature ratio, and temperature. The experimentally determined electrical characteristics of a series of Nb/Al1, Al oxide, Al2/Nb junctions with varying thickness d1 of the Al1 layer were interpreted with this model. The current-voltage characteristics and the temperature dependence of the critical current and sum-gap voltage could be described quantitatively well without any other correction than the non-BCS ratio Δ0/kBTc~=1.93 of Nb. Deviations from the model for the junctions with the largest d1 are attributed to the fact that the Nb and Al are not fully in the dirty limit and d1 is not small compared to the coherence length.

  10. Magnetoanisotropic Josephson effect due to interfacial spin-orbit fields in superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costa, Andreas; Högl, Petra; Fabian, Jaroslav

    2017-01-01

    We study theoretically the effects of interfacial Rashba and Dresselhaus spin-orbit coupling in superconductor/ferromagnet/superconductor (S/F/S) Josephson junctions—with allowing for tunneling barriers between the ferromagnetic and superconducting layers—by solving the Bogoljubov-de Gennes equation for realistic heterostructures and applying the Furusaki-Tsukada technique to calculate the electric current at a finite temperature. The presence of spin-orbit couplings leads to out-of-plane and in-plane magnetoanisotropies of the Josephson current, which are giant in comparison to current magnetoanisotropies in similar normal-state ferromagnet/normal metal (F/N) junctions. Especially huge anisotropies appear in the vicinity of 0 -π transitions, caused by the exchange-split bands in the ferromagnetic metal layer. We also show that the direction of the Josephson critical current can be controlled (inducing 0 -π transitions) by the strength of the spin-orbit coupling and, more crucial, by the orientation of the magnetization. Such a control can bring new functionalities into Josephson junction devices.

  11. EDITORIAL: Focus on Iron-Based Superconductors FOCUS ON IRON-BASED SUPERCONDUCTORS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosono, Hideo; Ren, Zhi-An

    2009-02-01

    Superconductivity is the most dramatic and clear cut phenomenon in condensed matter physics. Realization of room temperature superconductors, which would lead to the revolution of our society, is an ultimate goal for researchers. The discovery of high Tc cuprate superconductors in 1986 by Bednorz and Müller triggered intensive research worldwide and the maximum critical temperature has been raised above 100 K. Scientific research on this break-through material clarified a new route to high Tc materials, carrier doping to a Mott insulator with anti-ferromagnetic ordering. High superconductivity occurs in the neighborhood of Mott-insulators and Fermi-metals. Such a view, which was completely new, now stands as a guiding principle for exploring new high Tc materials. Many theoretical approaches to the mechanism for cuprate superconductors have been carried out to understand this unexpected material and to predict new high Tc materials. In 2006 a new superconductor based on iron, LaFeOP, was discovered by a group at Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan. Iron, as a ferromagnet, was believed to be the last element for the realization of superconductivity because of the way ferromagnetism competes against Cooper pair formation. Unexpectedly, however, the critical temperature remained at 4-6 K irrespective of hole/electron-doping. A large increase in the Tc to 26 K was then found in LaFe[O1-xFx]As by the same group (and was published on 23 February 2008, in the Journal of the American Chemical Society). The Tc of this material was further raised to 43 K under a pressure of 2 GPa and scientists in China then achieved a Tc of 56 K at ambient pressure by replacing La with other rare earth ions with smaller radius—a critical temperature that is second only to the high Tc cuprates. This fast progress has revitalized research within superconductivity and in 2008 there were more than seven international symposia specifically on Fe(Ni)-based superconductors. Through the rapid

  12. Signature of electron-phonon interaction in high temperature superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinod Ashokan

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The theory of thermal conductivity of high temperature superconductors (HTS based on electron and phonon line width (life times formulation is developed with Quantum dynamical approach of Green's function. The frequency line width is observed as an extremely sensitive quantity in the transport phenomena of HTS as a collection of large number of scattering processes. The role of resonance scattering and electron-phonon interaction processes is found to be most prominent near critical temperature. The theory successfully explains the spectacular behaviour of high Tc superconductors in the vicinity of transition temperature. A successful agreement between theory and experiment has been obtained by analyzing the thermal conductivity data for the sample La1.8Sr0.2CuO4 in the temperature range 0 − 200K. The theory is equally and successfully applicable to all other high Tc superconductors.

  13. TECHNICAL TRAINING SEMINAR: High Temperature Superconductors: Progress and Issues

    CERN Multimedia

    Davide Vitè

    2002-01-01

    Monday 24 June from 14:30 to 15:30 - Training Centre Auditorium - bldg. 593-11 High Temperature Superconductors: Progress and Issues Prof. Jan Evetts / UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE, Department of Materials Science and Metallurgy, UK Grappling with grain boundaries: Current transport processes in granular High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) The development of High Temperature Superconductors, seen from a materials scientist's point of view, is relevant to the superconductivity community at CERN: their possible high current applications can include high performance magnets for future accelerators. There is an urgent need to develop a quantitative description of HTS conductors in terms of their complex anisotropy, inhomogeneity and dimensionality. This is essential both for the practical specification of a conductor and for charting routes to conductor optimisation. The critical current, the n-value, dissipation and quenching characteristics are amongst most important parameters that make up an engineering specifi...

  14. Lateral restoring force on a magnet levitated above a superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, L. C.

    1990-01-01

    The lateral restoring force on a magnet levitated above a superconductor is calculated as a function of displacement from its original position at rest using Bean's critical-state model to describe flux pinning. The force is linear for small displacements and saturates at large displacements. In the absence of edge effects the force always attracts the magnet to its original position. Thus it is a restoring force that contributes to the stability of the levitated magnet. In the case of a thick superconductor slab, the origin of the force is a magnetic dipole layer consisting of positive and negative supercurrents induced on the trailing side of the magnet. The qualitative behavior is consistent with experiments reported to date. Effects due to the finite thickness of the superconductor slab and the granular nature of high-Tc materials are also considered.

  15. High-Temperature Cuprate Superconductors Experiment, Theory, and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Plakida, Nikolay Maksimilianovich

    2010-01-01

    High-Temperature Cuprate Superconductors provides an up-to-date and comprehensive review of the properties of these fascinating materials. The essential properties of high-temperature cuprate superconductors are reviewed on the background of their theoretical interpretation. The experimental results for structural, magnetic, thermal, electric, optical and lattice properties of various cuprate superconductors are presented with respect to relevant theoretical models. A critical comparison of various theoretical models involving strong electron correlations, antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations, phonons and excitons provides a background for understanding of the mechanism of high-temperature superconductivity. Recent achievements in their applications are also reviewed. A large number of illustrations and tables gives valuable information for specialists. A text-book level presentation with formulation of a general theory of strong-coupling superconductivity will help students and researches to consolidate their...

  16. Spin injection from a normal metal into a mesoscopic superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolf, Michael J.; Kolenda, Stefan [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, KIT, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Huebler, Florian [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, KIT, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Center for Functional Nanostructures, KIT, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, KIT, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Loehneysen, Hilbert v. [Center for Functional Nanostructures, KIT, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany); Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, KIT, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Physikalisches Institut, KIT, 76128 Karlsruhe (Germany); Beckmann, Detlef [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, KIT, 76021 Karlsruhe (Germany); Center for Functional Nanostructures, KIT, 76131 Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    We report on nonlocal transport in superconductor hybrid structures, with ferromagnetic as well as normal-metal tunnel junctions attached to the superconductor. In the presence of a strong Zeeman splitting of the density of states, both charge and spin imbalance is injected into the superconductor. While previous experiments demonstrated spin injection from ferromagnetic electrodes, we show that spin imbalance is also created for normal-metal injector contacts. Using the combination of ferromagnetic and normal-metal detectors allows us to directly discriminate between charge and spin injection, and demonstrate a complete separation of charge and spin imbalance. The relaxation length of the spin imbalance is of the order of several μm and is found to increase with a magnetic field, but is independent of temperature. We further discuss possible relaxation mechanisms for the explanation of the spin relaxation length.

  17. Probing High Temperature Superconductors with Magnetometry in Ultrahigh Magnetic Fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Lu [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)

    2017-07-26

    The objective of this research is to investigate the high-field magnetic properties of high temperature superconductors, materials that conduct electricity without loss. A technique known as high-resolution torque magnetometry that was developed to directly measure the magnetization of high temperature superconductors. This technique was implemented using the 65 Tesla pulsed magnetic field facility that is part of the National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at Los Alamos National Laboratory. This research addressed unanswered questions about the interplay between magnetism and superconductivity, determine the electronic structure of high temperature superconductors, and shed light on the mechanism of high temperature superconductivity and on potential applications of these materials in areas such as energy generation and power transmission. Further applications of the technology resolve the novel physical phenomena such as correlated topological insulators, and spin liquid state in quantum magnets.

  18. Possible Measurable Effects of Dark Energy in Rotating Superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clovis Jacinto de Matos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We discuss recent laboratory experiments with rotating superconductors and show that three so far unexplained experimentally observed effects (anomalous acceleration signals, anomalous gyroscope signals, Cooper pair mass excess can be physically explained in terms of a possible interaction of dark energy with Cooper pairs. Our approach is based on a Ginzburg-Landau-like model of electromagnetic dark energy, where gravitationally active photons obtain mass in the superconductor. We show that this model can account simultaneously for the anomalous acceleration and anomalous gravitomagnetic fields around rotating superconductors measured by Tajmar et al. and for the anomalous Cooper pair mass in superconductive Niobium, measured by Cabrera and Tate. It is argued that these three different physical effects are ultimately different experimental manifestations of the simultaneous spontaneous breaking of gauge invariance and of the principle of general covariance in superconductive materials.

  19. Momentum-space spin texture in a topological superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loder, Florian; Kampf, Arno P.; Kopp, Thilo; Braak, Daniel

    2017-07-01

    A conventional superconductor with spin-orbit coupling turns into a topological superconductor beyond a critical strength of the Zeeman energy. The spin-expectation values S (k ) in momentum space trace this transition via a characteristic change in the topological character of the spin texture within the Brillouin zone. At the transition the skyrmion counting number switches from 0 to 1/2 identifying the topological superconductor via its meron-like spin texture. The change in the skyrmion counting number is crucially controlled by singular points of the map S (k )/|S (k )| from the Brillouin zone, i.e., a torus, to the unit sphere. The complexity of this spin map is discussed at zero temperature as well as for the extension to finite temperatures.

  20. Momentum-space spin texture of a topological superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kampf, Arno; Loder, Florian; Kopp, Thilo; Braak, Daniel

    A conventional superconductor with spin-orbit coupling turns into a topological superconductor beyond a critical strength of the Zeeman coupling. The spin-expectation values S (k) in momentum space trace this transition via a characteristic change in the topological character of the spin texture within the Brillouin zone. At the transition the skyrmion counting number switches from 0 to 1/2 identifying the topological superconductor via its meron-like spin texture. The change in the skyrmion counting number is crucially controlled by singular points of the map S (k) / | S (k) | from the Brillouin zone, i.e. a torus, to the unit sphere. The complexity of this spin-map is discussed at zero temperature as well as for the extension to finite temperatures. Supported by the DFG through TRR 80.

  1. The LHC's future, part 2: The High-Luminosity superconductor

    CERN Multimedia

    2017-01-01

    The goal of the HL-LHC project is to increase the total number of collisions of the LHC by a factor of 10 . Among the components to be upgraded are the interaction region quadrupole magnets in IP1 and IP5, which will implement a new superconducting technology based on Nb3Sn superconductor. This superconductor will allow reaching magnetic field of about 12 T, but it requires a complex fabrication process which includes heat treatment of the coils to about 650 C and vacuum impregnation with epoxy. In the Superconducting Model Magnets Laboratory (building 927), the Magnet, Superconductors and Cryostats (MSC) group is currently fabricating short models of the final Nb3Sn LHL-LHC quadrupole magnet to verify the magnet design and define fabrication and assembly procedures

  2. Mixed state of a π-striped superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zelli, M.; Kallin, Catherine; Berlinsky, A. John

    2011-11-01

    A model of an antiphase modulated d-wave superconductor has been proposed to describe the decoupling between Cu-O planes in 1/8 doped La2-xBaxCuO4. Unlike a uniform d-wave superconductor, this model exhibits an extended Fermi surface. Within Bogoliubov-de Gennes theory, we study the mixed state of this model and compare it to the case of a uniform d-wave superconductor. We find a periodic structure of the low-energy density of states, with a period that is proportional to B, corresponding to Landau levels that are a coherent mixture of particles and holes. These results are also discussed in the context of experiments which observe quantum oscillations in the cuprates, and are compared to those for models in which the Fermi surface is reconstructed due to translational symmetry breaking in the nonsuperconducting state and to a model of a Fermi-arc metal.

  3. Josephson supercurrent in a graphene-superconductor junction

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sarvestani, Esmaeel [Institute for Advanced Simulation, Forschungszentrum Juelich, 52425 Juelich (Germany); Jafari, Seyed Akbar [Department of Physics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran 11155-9161 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2013-07-01

    Within the tunneling Hamiltonian formulation for the eight-component spinors, the Josephson critical supercurrent has been calculated in a planar superconductor-normal graphene-superconductor junction. Coupling between superconductor regions and graphene is taken into account by a tunneling Hamiltonian which contains two types of tunneling, intravalley and intervalley tunneling. Within the present tunneling approach, we find that the contributions of two kinds of tunneling to the critical supercurrent are completely separable. Therefore, it is possible to consider the effect of the intervalley tunnelings in the critical supercurrent. The incorporation of these type of processes into the tunneling Hamiltonian exposes a special feature of the graphene Josephson junctions. The effect of intervalley tunneling appears in the length dependence plot of critical current in the form of oscillations. We also present the results for temperature dependence of critical supercurrent and compare with experimental results and other theoretical calculations.

  4. Vortices in high-performance high-temperature superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwok, Wai-Kwong; Welp, Ulrich; Glatz, Andreas; Koshelev, Alexei E.; Kihlstrom, Karen J.; Crabtree, George W.

    2016-11-01

    The behavior of vortex matter in high-temperature superconductors (HTS) controls the entire electromagnetic response of the material, including its current carrying capacity. Here, we review the basic concepts of vortex pinning and its application to a complex mixed pinning landscape to enhance the critical current and to reduce its anisotropy. We focus on recent scientific advances that have resulted in large enhancements of the in-field critical current in state-of-the-art second generation (2G) YBCO coated conductors and on the prospect of an isotropic, high-critical current superconductor in the iron-based superconductors. Lastly, we discuss an emerging new paradigm of critical current by design—a drive to achieve a quantitative correlation between the observed critical current density and mesoscale mixed pinning landscapes by using realistic input parameters in an innovative and powerful large-scale time dependent Ginzburg-Landau approach to simulating vortex dynamics.

  5. Superconductors in non-equilibrium. Higgs oscillations and induced superconductivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bittner, Nikolaj; Schnyder, Andreas; Manske, Dirk [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Krull, Holger [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Festkoerperforschung, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Lehrstuhl fuer Theoretische Physik, Technische Universitaet Dortmund, D-44221 Dortmund (Germany); Tohyama, Takami [Department of Applied Physics, Tokyo University of Science, Tokyo 125-8585 (Japan)

    2016-07-01

    Nonequilibrium pump-probe time-domain spectroscopy opens new perspectives in studying the dynamical properties of the strongly correlated electron systems. In particular, new effects, such as transient superconductivity or Higgs oscillations of the superconducting condensate, can be obtained. Using various methods we present a theoretical study of the nonequilibrium dynamics in superconductors. Firstly, within the framework of the density matrix formalism we study Higgs oscillations in superconductors, which allow to detect the properties of the superconducting condensate as a function of time. For two-band superconductors the interplay between the phase (Leggett) and amplitude (Higgs) modes is analyzed in detail and new predictions are made. Secondly, employing the time-dependent Lanczos algorithm to the one-dimensional extended Hubbard model we observe appearance of a transient Meissner effect, which is a fingerprint of the induced superconductivity.

  6. Imaging the Anisotropic Nonlinear Meissner Effect in Unconventional Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anlage, Steven; Zhuravel, A. P.; Ghamsari, B. G.; Kurter, C.; Abrahams, J.; Remillard, S.; Jung, P.; Lukashenko, A. V.; Ustinov, Alexey

    2013-03-01

    We have directly imaged the anisotropic nonlinear Meissner effect in an unconventional superconductor through the nonlinear electrodynamic response of both (bulk) gap nodes and (surface) Andreev bound states. A superconducting thin film is patterned into a compact self-resonant spiral structure, excited near resonance in the radio-frequency range, and scanned with a focused laser beam perturbation. At low temperatures, direction-dependent nonlinearities in the reactive and resistive properties of the resonator create photoresponse that maps out the directions of nodes, or of bound states associated with these nodes, on the Fermi surface of the superconductor. The method is demonstrated on the nodal superconductor YBa_2Cu_3O_7- ∖delta and the results are consistent with theoretical predictions for the bulk and surface contributions. This was supported by the US DOE DESC 0004950, the ONR AppEl Center, Task D10 (N000140911190), and CNAM.

  7. Symmetry analysis of transport properties in helical superconductor junctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Qiang; Zhang, Yinhan; Zhang, Kunhua; Jin, Biao; Zhang, Changlian

    2017-03-01

    We study the discrete symmetries satisfied by helical p-wave superconductors with the d-vectors [Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text] and the transformations brought by symmetry operations to ferromagnet and spin-singlet superconductors, which show intimate associations with the transport properties in heterojunctions, including helical superconductors. In particular, the partial symmetries of the Hamiltonian under spin-rotation and gauge-rotation operations are responsible for the novel invariances of the conductance in tunnel junctions and the new selection rules for the lowest current and peculiar phase diagrams in Josephson junctions, which were reported recently. The symmetries of constructed free energies for Josephson junctions are also analyzed, and are consistent with the results from the Hamiltonian.

  8. Magnetic flux distributions in chiral helimagnet/superconductor bilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kato, Masaru, E-mail: kato@ms.osakafu-u.ac.jp [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1, Gakuencho, Nakaku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); Fukui, Saoto [Department of Mathematical Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1, Gakuencho, Nakaku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan); Sato, Osamu [Osaka Prefecture University College of Technology, 26-12, Saiwaicho, Neyagawa, Osaka 572-8572 (Japan); Togawa, Yoshihiko [Department of Physics and Electronics, Osaka Prefecture University, 1-1, Gakuencho, Nakaku, Sakai, Osaka 599-8531 (Japan)

    2017-02-15

    Highlights: • Vortex states in a chiral helimagnet/superconductor bilayer are investigated. • Vortex and anti-vortex appears depending on strength of helimagnet. • Vortex is elongated under a gradient field. • Vortices form a undulated triangular lattice. - Abstarct: Vortex states in a chiral helimagnet/superconductor bilayer are investigated numerically, using the Ginzburg–Landau equations with the finite element method. In this bilayer, effect of the chiral helimagnet on the superconductor is taken as an external field. Magnetic field distribution can be controlled by an applied field to the bilayer. It is shown that a single vortex in a gradient field is elongated along the field gradient. In zero applied field, there are up- and down vortices which are parallel or antiparallel to the z-axis, respectively. But increasing the applied field, down-vortices disappear and up-vortices form undulated triangular lattices.

  9. Anomalous Fraunhofer Interference in Epitaxial Superconductor-Semiconductor Josephson Junctions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suominen, H. J.; Danon, J.; Kjaergaard, M.

    2017-01-01

    superconductor-semiconductor coupling, as well as large spin-orbit interaction and g-factor in the semiconductor. Thin epitaxial Al allows the application of large in-plane field without destroying superconductivity. For fields perpendicular to the junction, flux focusing results in aperiodic node spacings......, as a result of confinement of Andreev states driven by an induced flux dipole; second, asymmetries in the interference appear that depend on the field direction and magnitude. A model is presented, showing good agreement with experiment, elucidating the roles of flux focusing, Zeeman and spin-orbit coupling......We investigate patterns of critical current as a function of perpendicular and in-plane magnetic fields in superconductor-semiconductor-superconductor (SNS) junctions based on InAs/InGaAs heterostructures with an epitaxial Al layer. This material system is of interest due to its exceptionally good...

  10. Electric field effect in superconductor-ferroelectric structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemanov, V. V.

    1995-01-01

    Electric field effect (the E-effect) in superconductors has been studied since 1960 when Glover and Sherill published their results on a shift of the critical temperature T(sub c) about 0.1 mK in Sn and In thin films under the action Off the field E=300 kV/cm. Stadler was the first to study the effect or spontaneous polarization of ferroelectric substrate on the electric properties of superconductors. He observed that the reversal of polarization of TGS substrate under action of external electric field in Sn-TGS structures induced the T(sub c) shift in Sn about 1.3 mK. Since in this case the effect is determined not by the electric field but by the spontaneous polarization, we may call this effect the P-effect. High-T(sub c) superconductors opened the new possibilities to study the E- and P-effects due to low charge carrier density, as compared to conventional superconductors, and to anomalously small coherence length. Experiments in this field began in many laboratories but a breakthrough was made where a shift in T(sub c) by 50 mK was observed in YBCO thin films. Much higher effects were observed in subsequent studies. The first experiments on the P-effect in high-T(sub c) superconductors were reported elsewhere. In this report we shall give a short description of study on the P-effect in high-T(sub c) superconductors.

  11. Zeroth order phase transition in a holographic superconductor with single impurity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hua Bi Zeng

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We investigate the single normal impurity effect in a superconductor by the holographic method. When the size of impurity is much smaller than the host superconductor, we can reproduce the Anderson theorem, which states that a conventional s-wave superconductor is robust to a normal (non-magnetic impurity with small impurity strength. However, by increasing the size of the impurity in a fixed-size host superconductor, we find a decreasing critical temperature Tc of the host superconductor, which agrees with the results in condensed matter literatures. More importantly, the phase transition at the critical impurity strength (or the critical temperature is of zeroth order.

  12. Coherent quantum trasport in ferromagnet-superconductor-ferromagnet graphene junctions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Salehi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we investigate the coherent quantum transport in grapheme-based ferromagnet-superconductor-ferromagent junctions within the framework of BCS theory using DBdG quasiparticles equation .The coherency with the finite size of superconductor region has two characteristic features subgap electron transport and oscillations of differential conductance. we show that periodic vanishing of the Andreev reflection at the energies called geometrical resonances above the superconducting gap is a striking consequence of quasiparticles interference. We suggest to make devices that produce polarized spin-current with possible applications in spintronics.

  13. Angle dependence of Andreev scattering at semiconductor-superconductor interfaces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Asger; Flensberg, Karsten; Jauho, Antti-Pekka

    1999-01-01

    We study the angle dependence of the Andreev scattering at a semiconductor-superconductor interface, generalizing the one-dimensional theory of Blonder, Tinkham, and Klapwijk (BTK),An increase of the momentum parallel to the interface leads to suppression of the probability of Andreev reflection...... and increase of the probability of normal reflection. We show that in the presence of a Fermi velocity mismatch between the semiconductor and the superconductor the angles of incidence and transmission are related according to the well-known Snell's law in optics. As a consequence there is a critical angle...

  14. New superconductors from granular to high T$_{c}$

    CERN Document Server

    Deutscher, Guy

    2006-01-01

    How new are the high Tc superconductors, as compared to the conventional low Tc ones? In what sense are these oxides different from regular metals in their normal state? How different is the mechanism for high Tc superconductivity from the well-known electron-phonon interaction that explains so well superconductivity in metals and alloys? What are the implications of the new features of the high Tc oxides for their practical applications? This book aims to give some answers to those questions, drawing particularly on similarities between the high Tc oxides and granular superconductors, which also present a maximum of their critical temperature near the metal-insulator transition.

  15. Spins in the vortices of a high-temperature superconductor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lake, B.; Aeppli, G.; Clausen, K.N.

    2001-01-01

    Neutron scattering is used to characterize the magnetism of the vortices for the optimally doped high-temperature superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4 (x = 0.163) in an applied magnetic field. As temperature is reduced, Low-frequency spin fluctuations first disappear with the loss of vortex mobility......, but then reappear. We find that the vortex state can be regarded as an inhomogeneous mixture of a superconducting spin fluid and a material containing a nearly ordered antiferromagnet. These experiments show that as for many other properties of cuprate superconductors, the important underlying microscopic forces...

  16. Aluminum-stabilized Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, R.M.

    1984-02-10

    This patent discloses an aluminum-stabilized Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb/sub 3/Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials.

  17. Aluminum-stabilized Nb[sub 3]Sn superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scanlan, R.M.

    1988-05-10

    Disclosed are an aluminum-stabilized Nb[sub 3]Sn superconductor and process for producing same, utilizing ultrapure aluminum. Ductile components are co-drawn with aluminum to produce a conductor suitable for winding magnets. After winding, the conductor is heated to convert it to the brittle Nb[sub 3]Sn superconductor phase, using a temperature high enough to perform the transformation but still below the melting point of the aluminum. This results in reaction of substantially all of the niobium, while providing stabilization and react-in-place features which are beneficial in the fabrication of magnets utilizing superconducting materials. 4 figs.

  18. Effective Lagrangians for BCS superconductors at T=0

    CERN Document Server

    Aitchison, Ian Johnston Rhind; Thouless, David James; Zhu, X M; Thouless, D J

    1995-01-01

    We show that the low frequency, long wavelength dynamics of the phase of the pair field for a BCS-type s-wave superconductor at T=0 is equivalent to that of a time-dependent non-linear Schr\\"odinger Lagrangian (TDNLSL), when terms required by Galilean invariance are included. If the modulus of the pair field is also allowed to vary, the system is equivalent to two coupled TDNLSL's. We also refer the interested reader to our earlier paper, `Nonlinear Schrodinger equation for superconductors, /cond-mat/9312099 (http://xxx.lanl.gov/abs/cond-mat/9312099 ), for a different line of derivation

  19. Towards the design of novel cuprate-based superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yee, Chuck-Hou

    The rapid maturation of materials databases combined with recent development of theories seeking to quantitatively link chemical properties to superconductivity in the cuprates provide the context to design novel superconductors. In this talk, we describe a framework designed to search for new superconductors, which combines chemical rules-of-thumb, insights of transition temperatures from dynamical mean-field theory, first-principles electronic structure tools, materials databases and structure prediction via evolutionary algorithms. We apply the framework to design a family of copper oxysulfides and evaluate the prospects of superconductivity.

  20. Entanglement entropy and complexity for one-dimensional holographic superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahdi Kord Zangeneh

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Holographic superconductor is an important arena for holography, as it allows concrete calculations to further understand the dictionary between bulk physics and boundary physics. An important quantity of recent interest is the holographic complexity. Conflicting claims had been made in the literature concerning the behavior of holographic complexity during phase transition. We clarify this issue by performing a numerical study on one-dimensional holographic superconductor. Our investigation shows that holographic complexity does not behave in the same way as holographic entanglement entropy. Nevertheless, the universal terms of both quantities are finite and reflect the phase transition at the same critical temperature.

  1. Spin Resonance and Magnetic Order in an Unconventional Superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzone, D. G.; Raymond, S.; Gavilano, J. L.; Steffens, P.; Schneidewind, A.; Lapertot, G.; Kenzelmann, M.

    2017-11-01

    Unconventional superconductivity in many materials is believed to be mediated by magnetic fluctuations. It is an open question how magnetic order can emerge from a superconducting condensate and how it competes with the magnetic spin resonance in unconventional superconductors. Here we study a model d -wave superconductor that develops spin-density wave order, and find that the spin resonance is unaffected by the onset of static magnetic order. This result suggests a scenario, in which the resonance in Nd0.05Ce0.95CoIn5 is a longitudinal mode with fluctuating moments along the ordered magnetic moments.

  2. New superconductors from granular to high T$_{c}$

    CERN Document Server

    Deutscher, Guy

    2017-01-01

    How new are the high Tc superconductors, as compared to the conventional low Tc ones? In what sense are these oxides different from regular metals in their normal state? How different is the mechanism for high Tc superconductivity from the well-known electron-phonon interaction that explains so well superconductivity in metals and alloys? What are the implications of the new features of the high Tc oxides for their practical applications? This interesting book aims to provide some answers to those questions, drawing particularly on similarities between the high Tc oxides and granular superconductors, which also present a short coherence length, a small superfluid density and an inhomogeneous structure.

  3. Vortex in holographic two-band superfluid/superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wu, Mu-Sheng [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, AL 35487 (United States); National Center of Theoretical Sciences, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 300, R.O.C. (China); Wu, Shang-Yu [Department of Electrophysics and Shing-Tung Yau Center, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, Taiwan 300, R.O.C. (China); Zhang, Hai-Qing [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Utrecht University, Leuvenlaan 4, 3584 CE Utrecht (Netherlands)

    2016-05-02

    We construct numerically static vortex solutions in a holographic model of two-band superconductor with an interband Josephson coupling in both the superfluid and superconductor regime. We investigate the effects of the interband coupling on the order parameter of each superconducting band in the vortex solution, and we find that it is different for each of the two bands. We compute also the free energy, critical magnetic field, magnetic penetration length and coherence lengths for the two bands, and we study their dependence on the interband coupling and temperature. Interestingly, we find that the coherence lengths of the two bands are close to identical.

  4. Three dimensional reflectance properties of superconductor-dielectric photonic crystal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pandey, G. N., E-mail: gnpandey@amity.edu; Sancheti, Bhagyashree [Department of Physics, Amity Institute of Applied Sciences, Amity University, Noida (U.P.) (India); Pandey, J. P.; Pandey, U. K. [Department of Physics, M.L.K. P.G.College, Balrampur (U.P.) (India); Ojha, S. P. [Department of Physics, IIT, BHU, Varanasi-(UP) (India)

    2016-05-06

    In this present communication, we have studied the optical properties of Photonics Crystals with super conducting constituent using the TMM method for a stratified medium. We also studied the three dimensional reflectance property of superconductor-dielectric photonic crystal at different temperature and thickness. From above study we show that the superconductor-dielectric photonic crystal may be used as broad band reflector and omnidirectional reflector at low temperature below to the critical temperature. Such property may be applied to make of the reflector which can be used in low temperature region.

  5. Beyond Moore's technologies: operation principles of a superconductor alternative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soloviev, Igor I; Klenov, Nikolay V; Bakurskiy, Sergey V; Kupriyanov, Mikhail Yu; Gudkov, Alexander L; Sidorenko, Anatoli S

    2017-01-01

    The predictions of Moore's law are considered by experts to be valid until 2020 giving rise to "post-Moore's" technologies afterwards. Energy efficiency is one of the major challenges in high-performance computing that should be answered. Superconductor digital technology is a promising post-Moore's alternative for the development of supercomputers. In this paper, we consider operation principles of an energy-efficient superconductor logic and memory circuits with a short retrospective review of their evolution. We analyze their shortcomings in respect to computer circuits design. Possible ways of further research are outlined.

  6. Spin Resonance and Magnetic Order in an Unconventional Superconductor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzone, D G; Raymond, S; Gavilano, J L; Steffens, P; Schneidewind, A; Lapertot, G; Kenzelmann, M

    2017-11-03

    Unconventional superconductivity in many materials is believed to be mediated by magnetic fluctuations. It is an open question how magnetic order can emerge from a superconducting condensate and how it competes with the magnetic spin resonance in unconventional superconductors. Here we study a model d-wave superconductor that develops spin-density wave order, and find that the spin resonance is unaffected by the onset of static magnetic order. This result suggests a scenario, in which the resonance in Nd_{0.05}Ce_{0.95}CoIn_{5} is a longitudinal mode with fluctuating moments along the ordered magnetic moments.

  7. Correlated spin currents generated by resonant-crossed Andreev reflections in topological superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, James J.; Wu, Jiansheng; Choy, Ting-Pong; Liu, Xiong-Jun; Tanaka, Y.; Law, K. T.

    2014-01-01

    Topological superconductors, which support Majorana fermion excitations, have been the subject of intense studies due to their novel transport properties and their potential applications in fault-tolerant quantum computations. Here we propose a new type of topological superconductors that can be used as a novel source of correlated spin currents. We show that inducing superconductivity on a AIII class topological insulator wire, which respects a chiral symmetry and supports protected fermionic end states, will result in a topological superconductor. This topological superconductor supports two topological phases with one or two Majorana fermion end states, respectively. In the phase with two Majorana fermions, the superconductor can split Cooper pairs efficiently into electrons in two spatially separated leads due to Majorana-induced resonant-crossed Andreev reflections. The resulting currents in the leads are correlated and spin-polarized. Importantly, the proposed topological superconductors can be realized using quantum anomalous Hall insulators in proximity to superconductors. PMID:24492649

  8. Method of producing Pb-stabilized superconductor precursors and method of producing superconductor articles therefrom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroeger, Donald M.; Hsu, Huey S.; Brynestad, Jorulf

    1995-01-01

    Metal oxide superconductor powder precursors are prepared in an aerosol pyrolysis process. A solution of the metal cations is introduced into a furnace at 600.degree.-1000.degree. C. for 0.1 to 60 seconds. The process produces micron to submicron size powders without the usual loss of the lead stabilizer. The resulting powders have a narrow particle size distribution, a small grain size, and are readily converted to a superconducting composition upon subsequent heat treatment. The precursors are placed in a metal body deformed to form a wire or tape and heated to form a superconducting article. The fine powders permit a substantial reduction in heat treatment time, thus enabling a continuous processing of the powders into superconducting wire, tape or multifilamentary articles by the powder-in-tube process.

  9. Universal lower limit on vortex creep in superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eley, S.; Miura, M.; Maiorov, B.; Civale, L.

    2017-04-01

    Superconductors are excellent testbeds for studying vortices, topological excitations that also appear in superfluids, liquid crystals and Bose-Einstein condensates. Vortex motion can be disruptive; it can cause phase transitions, glitches in pulsars, and losses in superconducting microwave circuits, and it limits the current-carrying capacity of superconductors. Understanding vortex dynamics is fundamentally and technologically important, and the competition between thermal energy and energy barriers defined by material disorder is not completely understood. Specifically, early measurements of thermally activated vortex motion (creep) in iron-based superconductors unveiled fast rates (S) comparable to measurements of YBa 2Cu3O7-δ (refs ,,,,,). This was puzzling because S is thought to somehow correlate with the Ginzburg number (Gi), and Gi is significantly lower in most iron-based superconductors than in YBa 2Cu3O7-δ. Here, we report very slow creep in BaFe 2(As0.67P0.33)2 films, and propose the existence of a universal minimum realizable S ~ Gi1/2(T/Tc) (Tc is the superconducting transition temperature) that has been achieved in our films and few other materials, and is violated by none. This limitation provides new clues about designing materials with slow creep and the interplay between material parameters and vortex dynamics.

  10. New application of superconductors: High sensitivity cryogenic light detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cardani, L., E-mail: laura.cardani@roma1.infn.it [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); Physics Department, Princeton University, Washington Road, 08544 Princeton, NJ (United States); Bellini, F.; Casali, N. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); INFN – Sezione di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy (Italy); Castellano, M.G. [Istituto di Fotonica e Nanotecnologie – CNR, Via Cineto Romano 42, 00156 Roma (Italy); Colantoni, I.; Coppolecchia, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); Cosmelli, C.; Cruciani, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); INFN – Sezione di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy (Italy); D' Addabbo, A. [INFN – Laboratori Nazionali del Gran Sasso, Assergi (L' Aquila) 67010 (Italy); Di Domizio, S. [INFN – Sezione di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica, Università degli Studi di Genova, Via Dodecaneso 33, 16146 Genova (Italy); Martinez, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma (Italy); INFN – Sezione di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy (Italy); Laboratorio de Fisica Nuclear y Astroparticulas, Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza 50009 (Spain); Tomei, C. [INFN – Sezione di Roma, Piazzale Aldo Moro 2, 00185 Roma, Italy (Italy); and others

    2017-02-11

    In this paper we describe the current status of the CALDER project, which is developing ultra-sensitive light detectors based on superconductors for cryogenic applications. When we apply an AC current to a superconductor, the Cooper pairs oscillate and acquire kinetic inductance, that can be measured by inserting the superconductor in a LC circuit with high merit factor. Interactions in the superconductor can break the Cooper pairs, causing sizable variations in the kinetic inductance and, thus, in the response of the LC circuit. The continuous monitoring of the amplitude and frequency modulation allows to reconstruct the incident energy with excellent sensitivity. This concept is at the basis of Kinetic Inductance Detectors (KIDs) that are characterized by natural aptitude to multiplexed read-out (several sensors can be tuned to different resonant frequencies and coupled to the same line), resolution of few eV, stable behavior over a wide temperature range, and ease in fabrication. We present the results obtained by the CALDER collaboration with 2×2 cm{sup 2} substrates sampled by 1 or 4 Aluminum KIDs. We show that the performances of the first prototypes are already competitive with those of other commonly used light detectors, and we discuss the strategies for a further improvement.

  11. Measurement of AC loss of superconductors by vaporizing method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wakabayashi, Hiroshi; Isono, Takaaki; Matsui, Kunihiro; Fujisaki, Reishi; Nunoya, Yoshihiko; Koizumi, Norikiyo; Takahashi, Yoshikazu; Tsuji, Hiroshi [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment

    1995-07-01

    In Japan Atomic Energy Research Institute, the development of superconducting pulse conductors for next period nuclear fusion reactors has been carried out. For these conductors, the rated current of 46 kA and the rated magnetic field of 13T are demanded. When the pulse excitation of superconductors is carried out, AC loss arises, and the temperature of the superconductors rises, and when it exceeds a certain value, the superconducting state cannot be maintained. Therefore, the AC loss of pulse conductors must be limited to a low value. It is difficult to evaluate the AC loss of superconductors by calculation, therefore, it is evaluated by actual measurement. There are magnetizing method and vaporizing method for measuring the AC loss. This time, the equipment for measuring the AC loss of 40 kA class superconductors by vaporizing method which measures the helium gas quantity vaporizing at the time of AC loss occurrence was designed and manufactured for the first time. The method of measuring the AC loss, the structure of the measuring equipment, the helium gas recovering part and the measuring part, the countermeasures for preventing helium gas leakage, the resistance heater for calibration, and the results of measurement are reported. (K.I.)

  12. Integration of semiconductor and ceramic superconductor devices for microwave applications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klopman, B.B.G.; Klopman, B.B.G.; Wijers, H.W.; Gao, J.; Gao, J.; Gerritsma, G.J.; Rogalla, Horst

    1991-01-01

    Due to the very-low-loss properties of ceramic superconductors, high-performance microwave resonators and filters can be realized. The fact that these devices may be operated at liquid nitrogen temperature facilitates integration with semiconductor devices. Examples are bandpass amplifiers,

  13. Universal lower limit on vortex creep in superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eley, S; Miura, M; Maiorov, B; Civale, L

    2017-04-01

    Superconductors are excellent testbeds for studying vortices, topological excitations that also appear in superfluids, liquid crystals and Bose-Einstein condensates. Vortex motion can be disruptive; it can cause phase transitions, glitches in pulsars, and losses in superconducting microwave circuits, and it limits the current-carrying capacity of superconductors. Understanding vortex dynamics is fundamentally and technologically important, and the competition between thermal energy and energy barriers defined by material disorder is not completely understood. Specifically, early measurements of thermally activated vortex motion (creep) in iron-based superconductors unveiled fast rates (S) comparable to measurements of YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ (refs ,,,,,). This was puzzling because S is thought to somehow correlate with the Ginzburg number (Gi), and Gi is significantly lower in most iron-based superconductors than in YBa 2 Cu 3 O 7-δ . Here, we report very slow creep in BaFe 2 (As 0.67 P 0.33 ) 2 films, and propose the existence of a universal minimum realizable S ∼ Gi 1/2 (T/T c ) (T c is the superconducting transition temperature) that has been achieved in our films and few other materials, and is violated by none. This limitation provides new clues about designing materials with slow creep and the interplay between material parameters and vortex dynamics.

  14. Neutron-diffraction investigations of flux-lines in superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Forgan, E.M. [Birmingham Univ. (United Kingdom); Lee, S.L. [Saint Andrews Univ. (United Kingdom); McKPaul, D. [Warwick Univ., Coventry (United Kingdom); Mook, H.A. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Cubitt, R. [Institut Max von Laue - Paul Langevin (ILL), 38 - Grenoble (France)

    1997-04-01

    SANS has proved an extremely useful tool for investigating flux-line structures within the bulk of superconductors. With high-T{sub c} materials, the scattered intensities are weak, but careful measurements are giving important new information about flux lattices, flux pinning and flux-lattice melting. (author). 10 refs.

  15. Physics and Materials Science of High Temperature Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-08-26

    SUPERCONDUCTIVITY OF BULK HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS. F. M. Costa and J. M. Vieira, Departamento de Eng. Ceramica e de Vidro, Universidade de Aveiro...Lisboa, Portugal; F. Costa, Dep Eng Ceramica e do Vidro, Universidade de Aveiro, P-3800 Avaerio, Portugal; and J. M. Alves and M. M. Godinho, Dep Fisica

  16. Controlled Manipulation of Individual Vortices in a Superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Straver, E.W.J.

    2010-04-05

    We report controlled local manipulation of single vortices by low temperature magnetic force microscope (MFM) in a thin film of superconducting Nb. We are able to position the vortices in arbitrary configurations and to measure the distribution of local depinning forces. This technique opens up new possibilities for the characterization and use of vortices in superconductors.

  17. Nonlinear response of superconductors to alternating fields and currents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McDonald, Jason [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    1997-10-08

    This report discusses the following topics on superconductivity: nonlinearities in hard superconductors such as surface impedance of a type II superconductimg half space and harmonic generation and intermodulation due to alternating transport currents; and nonlinearities in superconducting weak links such as harmonic generation by a long Josephson Junction in a superconducting slab.

  18. Emergent Disorder Phenomena in Correlated Fe-Based Superconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Navarro Gastiasoro, Maria

    The fundamental pairing mechanism causing high-T superconductivity in Febased superconductors remains controversial. Superconductivity is only one of several phases exhibited by these materials, and it is widely believed that the mechanism responsible for pairing may be closely linked to the exis...

  19. High Temperature Superconductor/Semiconductor Hybrid Microwave Devices and Circuits

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanofsky, Robert R.; Miranda, Felix A.

    1999-01-01

    Contents include following: film deposition technique; laser ablation; magnetron sputtering; sequential evaporation; microwave substrates; film characterization at microwave frequencies; complex conductivity; magnetic penetration depth; surface impedance; planar single-mode filters; small antennas; antenna arrays phase noise; tunable oscillations; hybrid superconductor/semiconductor receiver front ends; and noise modeling.

  20. Cuprate-titanate superconductor and method for making

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toreki, Robert; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth; Dabrowski, Bogdan

    1995-01-01

    A new copper oxide superconductor of the formula Ln.sub.1-x M.sub.x Sr.sub.2 Cu.sub.3-y Ti.sub.y O.sub.7+.delta. is disclosed, and exhibits a Tc of 60.degree. K. with deviations from linear metallic behavior as high as 130.degree. K.

  1. Superconductors-A Review of Their Properties and Applications ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Superconductors are a special class of materials which exhibit a number of remarkable properties distinct from normal materials. These materials have found varied industrial and technological applications since the phenomenon of superconductivity was first discovered in 1911. A great deal of efforts are being made world ...

  2. Five-fold way to new high T c superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Discovery of high Tc superconductivity in La2−xBaxCuO4 by Bednorz and Muller in 1986 was a breakthrough in the 75-year long search for new superconductors. Since then new high Tc super- conductors, not involving copper, have also been discovered. Superconductivity in cuprates also inspired resonating valence ...

  3. Microwave absorption studies of MgB 2 superconductor

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Microwave absorption studies have been carried out on MgB2 superconductor using a standard X-band EPR spectrometer. The modulated low-field microwave absorption signals recorded for polycrystalline (grain size ∼ 10m) samples suggested the absence of weak-link character. The field dependent direct microwave ...

  4. Bottlenecks reduction using superconductors in high voltage transmission lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daloub Labib

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Energy flow bottlenecks in high voltage transmission lines known as congestions are one of the challenges facing power utilities in fast developing countries. Bottlenecks occur in selected power lines when transmission systems are operated at or beyond their transfer limits. In these cases, congestions result in preventing new power supply contracts, infeasibility in existing contracts, price spike and market power abuse. The “Superconductor Technology” in electric power transmission cables has been used as a solution to solve the problem of bottlenecks in energy transmission at high voltage underground cables and overhead lines. The increase in demand on power generation and transmission happening due to fast development and linked to the intensive usage of transmission network in certain points, which in turn, lead to often frequent congestion in getting the required power across to where it is needed. In this paper, a bottleneck in high voltage double overhead transmission line with Aluminum Conductor Steel Reinforced was modeled using conductor parameters and replaced by Gap-Type Superconductor to assess the benefit of upgrading to higher temperature superconductor and obtain higher current carrying capacity. This proved to reduce the high loading of traditional aluminum conductors and allow more power transfer over the line using superconductor within the same existing right-of-way, steel towers, insulators and fittings, thus reducing the upgrade cost of building new lines.

  5. Observation of Antiferromagnetic Resonance in an Organic Superconductor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torrance, J. B.; Pedersen, H. J.; Bechgaard, K.

    1982-01-01

    Anomalous microwave absorption has been observed in the organic superconductor TMTSF2AsF6 (TMTSF: tetramethyltetraselenafulvalene) below its metal-nonmetal transition near 12 K. This absorption is unambiguously identified as antiferromagnetic resonance by the excellent agreement between a spin...

  6. Proximity effect in normal metal-multiband superconductor hybrid structures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brinkman, Alexander; Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch; Kupriyanov, M. Yu

    2004-01-01

    A theory of the proximity effect in normal metal¿multiband superconductor hybrid structures is formulated within the quasiclassical Green's function formalism. The quasiclassical boundary conditions for multiband hybrid structures are derived in the dirty limit. It is shown that the existence of

  7. Advanced nuclear materials development -Development of superconductor application technology-

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Kye Won; Lee, Heui Kyoon; Lee, Hoh Jin; Kim, Chan Joong; Jang, Kun Ik; Kim, Kee Baek; Kwon, Sun Chil; Park, Hae Woong; Yoo, Jae Keun; Kim, Jong Jin; Jang, Joong Chul; Yang, Suk Woo [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-07-01

    Fabrication of high Tc bulk superconductor and its application, fabrication of superconducting wire for electric power device and analysis for cryogenic system were carried out for developing superconductor application technologies for electric power system. High quality YBaCuO bulk superconductor was fabricated by controlling initial powder preparation process and prototype fly wheel energy storage device was designed basically. The superconducting levitation force measuring device was made to examine the property of prepared superconductor specimen. Systematic studies on the method of starting powder preparation, mechanical fabrication process, heat treatment condition and analysis of plastic deformation were carried out to increase the stability and reproducibility of superconducting wire. A starting powder with good reactivity and fine particle size was obtained by emulsion drying method. Ag/BSCCO tape with good cross sectional shape and Tc of 16,000 A/cm{sup 2} was fabricated by applying CIP packing procedure. Multifilamentary wire with the Jc of approx. 10000 A/cm{sup 2} was fabricated by rolling method using square billet as starting shape. The joining of the multifilament wire was done by etching and pressing process and showed 50% of joining efficiency. Analysis on the heat loss in cryostat for high Tc superconducting device was carried out for optimum design of the future cryogenic system. 126 figs, 14 tabs, 214 refs. (Author).

  8. Electron entanglement near a superconductor and Bell inequalities

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    stituent electrons have entangled spin and orbital degrees of freedom, carrying opposite spins in the case of usual s-wave pairing in the superconductor, and ..... particle source is grounded), (ii) the characteristic time of flight τtr of the electron trajectory between these terminals and (iii) the widths Γ1´2µ of the filters FP1 2:.

  9. Quantum creep in a highly crystalline two-dimensional superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saito, Yu; Kasahara, Yuichi; Ye, Jianting; Iwasa, Yoshihiro; Nojima, Tsutomu

    Conventional studies on quantum phase transitions, especially on superconductor-insulator or superconductor-metal-insulator transitions have been performed in deposited metallic thin films such as Bismuth or MoGe. Although the techniques of thin films deposition have been considerably improved, unintentional disorder such as impurities and deficiencies, generating the pinning centers, seems to still exist in such systems. The mechanical exfoliated highly crystalline two-dimensional material can be a good candidate to realize a less-disordered 2D superconductor with extremely weak pinning, combined with transfer method or ionic-liquid gating. We report on the quantum metal, namely, magnetic-field-induced metallic state observed in an ion-gated two-dimensional superconductor based on an ultra-highly crystalline layered band insulator, ZrNCl. We found that the superconducting state is extremely fragile against external magnetic fields; that is, zero resistance state immediately disappears, once an external magnetic field switches on. This is because the present system is relatively clean and the pinning potential is extremely weak, which cause quantum tunneling and flux flow of vortices, resulting in metallic ground state.

  10. Electron entanglement near a superconductor and Bell inequalities

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In the case of energy filters, Bell-inequality checks constitute a definite probe of entanglement. We formulate Bell-type inequalities in terms of current–current cross-correlations associated with contacts with varying magnetization orientations. We find maximal violation (as in photons) when a superconductor is the particle ...

  11. Electron transport in a ferromagnet-superconductor junction on graphene

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Asano, Yasuhiro; Yoshida, Toshihiro; Tanaka, Yukio; Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch

    2008-01-01

    In a usual ferromagnet connected with a superconductor, the exchange potential suppresses the superconducting pairing correlation. We show that this common knowledge does not hold in a ferromagnetsuperconductor junction on a graphene. When the chemical potential of a graphene is close to the conical

  12. Seebeck effect in the graphene-superconductor junction

    OpenAIRE

    Wysokiński, Marcin; Spałek, Jozef

    2013-01-01

    Thermopower of graphene-superconductor (GS) junction is analyzed within the extended Blonder- Tinkham-Klapwijk formalism. Within this approach we have also calculated the temperature de- pendence of the zero-bias conductance for GS junction. Both quantities reflect quasi-relativistic nature of massless Dirac fermions in graphene. Both, the linear and the non-linear regimes are considered.

  13. Fluxons in thin-film superconductor-insulator superlattices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sakai, S.; Bodin, P.; Pedersen, Niels Falsig

    1993-01-01

    In a system of thin alternating layers of superconductors and insulators the equations describing static and dynamic fluxon solutions are derived. The approach, represented by a useful compact matrix form, is intended to describe systems fabricated for example of niobium or niobium-nitride thin...

  14. Do superconductors change as fast as possible when quenched?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rivers, Ray; Monaco, Roberto; Mygind, Jesper

    2008-01-01

    If superconductors change as fast as possible as they pass through a phase transition, then the initial domain structure is constrained by causality. We shall see that Josephson junctions do indeed display such behaviour. However, we shall argue that causal bounds arise through the Gaussian natur...

  15. Current-Voltage Characteristics of Quasi-One-Dimensional Superconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vodolazov, D.Y.; Peeters, F.M.; Piraux, L.

    2003-01-01

    The current-voltage (I-V) characteristics of quasi-one-dimensional superconductors were discussed. The I-V characteristics exhibited an unusual S behavior. The dynamics of superconducting condensate and the existence of two different critical currents resulted in such an unusual behavior....

  16. Transport theory and low energy properties of colour superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Litim, Daniel F

    2002-01-01

    The one-loop polarisation tensor and the propagation of ``in-medium'' photons of colour superconductors in the 2SC and CFL phase is discussed. For a study of thermal corrections to the low energy effective theory in the 2SC phase, a classical transport theory for fermionic quasiparticles is invoked.

  17. A structural probe of the doped holes in cuprate superconductors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Abbamonte, P; Rusydi, A; Sawatzky, GA; Logvenov, G; Bozovic, [No Value; Venema, L.C.

    2002-01-01

    An unresolved issue concerning cuprate superconductors is whether the distribution of carriers in the CuO2 plane is uniform or inhomogeneous. Because the carriers comprise a small fraction of the total charge density and may be rapidly fluctuating, modulations are difficult to detect directly. We

  18. Final Report. Novel Behavior of Ferromagnet/Superconductor Hybrid Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Birge, Norman [Michigan State Univ., East Lansing, MI (United States)

    2016-09-26

    Final report for grant DE-FG02-06ER46341. This work has produced a most convincing experimental demonstration that spin-triplet supercurrent can appear in Josephson junctions containing ferromagnetic materials, even when the superconducting electrodes are conventional, spin-singlet superconductors.

  19. Coherent and correlated spin transport in nanoscale superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morten, Jan Petter

    2008-03-15

    Motivated by the desire for better understanding of nano electronic systems, we theoretically study the conductance and noise characteristics of current flow between superconductors, ferromagnets, and normal-metals. Such nano structures can reveal information about superconductor proximity effects, spin-relaxation processes, and spintronic effects with potential applications for different areas of mesoscopic physics. We employ the quasiclassical theory of superconductivity in the Keldysh formalism, and calculate the nonequilibrium transport of spin and charge using various approaches like the circuit theory of quantum transport and full counting statistics. For two of the studied structures, we have been able to compare our theory to experimental data and obtain good agreement. Transport and relaxation of spin polarized current in superconductors is governed by energy-dependent transport coefficients and spin-flip rates which are determined by quantum interference effects. We calculate the resulting temperature-dependent spin flow in ferromagnet-superconductor devices. Experimental data for spin accumulation and spin relaxation in a superconducting nano wire is in agreement with the theory, and allows for a spin-flip spectroscopy that determines the dominant mechanism for spin-flip relaxation in the studied samples. A ferromagnet precessing under resonance conditions can give rise to pure spin current injection into superconductors. We find that the absorbed spin current is measurable as a temperature dependent Gilbert damping, which we calculate and compare to experimental data. Crossed Andreev reflection denotes superconducting pairing of electrons flowing from different normal-metal or ferromagnet terminals into a superconductor. We calculate the nonlocal currents resulting from this process in competition with direct electron transport between the normal-metal terminals. We take dephasing into account, and study the nonlocal current when the types of contact in

  20. Unconventional properties of non-centrosymmetric superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klam, Ludwig

    2010-10-28

    A kinetic theory for non-centrosymmetric superconductors (NCS) is formulated for low temperatures and in the clean limit. The transport equations are solved quite generally for any kind of antisymmetric spin-orbit coupling (ASOC) in an extended momentum and frequency range. The result is a particle-hole symmetric, gauge-invariant and charge conserving description, which is used to calculate the current response, the specific heat capacity, and the Raman response function. A detailed analysis of the gauge invariance and the associated phase fluctuations of the superconducting order parameter revealed two gauge modes: the Anderson-Bogoliubov mode on the one side and a new gauge mode on the other side, which strongly depends on the symmetry of the ASOC. As application of the kinetic theory, the polarization-dependence of the T = 0 electronic Raman response in NCS is studied for two important classes of ASOC with the representative systems CePt{sub 3}Si and Li{sub 2}Pd{sub x}Pt{sub 3-x}B. Analytical expressions for the Raman vertices are derived, and the frequency power laws and pair-breaking peaks are calculated. A characteristic two- peak structure is predicted for NCS and might serve as an indicator for the unknown relative magnitude of the singlet and triplet contributions to the superconducting order parameter. An efficient numerical method is introduced in order to calculate the dynamical spin and charge response of CePt{sub 3}Si, using an itinerant description for the electrons. With a realistic parameterization of the band structure, the nesting function, inelastic neutron scattering cross sections, and Kohn anomalies are calculated for a selected band in the normal non-magnetic state. From the spin and charge susceptibility, a superconducting pairing interaction is constructed for the weak-coupling gap equation. A sign analysis of the decoupled gap equation supports the experimental evidence of a strong triplet contribution to the order parameter in CePt{sub 3

  1. High field superconductor development and understanding

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Larbalestier, David C. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Lee, Peter J. [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States); Tarantini, Chiara [Florida State Univ., Tallahassee, FL (United States)

    2014-09-28

    All present circular accelerators use superconducting magnets to bend and to focus the particle beams. The most powerful of these machines is the large hadron collider (LHC) at CERN. The main ring dipole magnets of the LHC are made from Nb-Ti but, as the machine is upgraded to higher luminosity, more powerful magnets made of Nb3Sn will be required. Our work addresses how to make the Nb3Sn conductors more effective and more suitable for use in the LHC. The most important property of the superconducting conductor used for an accelerator magnet is that it must have very high critical current density, the property that allows the generation of high magnetic fields in small spaces. Nb3Sn is the original high field superconductor, the material which was discovered in 1960 to allow a high current density in the field of about 9 T. For the high luminosity upgrade of the LHC, much higher current densities in fields of about 12 Tesla will be required. The critical value of the current density is of order 2600 A/mm2 in a field of 12 Tesla. But there are very important secondary factors that complicate the attainment of this critical current density. The first is that the effective filament diameter must be no larger than about 40 µm. The second factor is that 50% of the cross-section of the Nb3Sn conductor that is pure copper must be protected from any poisoning by any Sn leakage through the diffusion barrier that protects the package of niobium and tin from which the Nb3Sn is formed by a high temperature reaction. These three, somewhat conflicting requirements, mean that optimization of the conductor is complex. The work described in this contract report addresses these conflicting requirements. They show that very sophisticated characterizations can uncover the way to satisfy all 3 requirements and they also suggest that the ultimate optimization of Nb3Sn is still not yet in sight

  2. High-T(sub c) Superconductor-Normal-Superconductor Junctions with Polyimide-Passivated Ambient Temperature Edge Formation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barner, J. B.; Kleinsasser, A. W.; Hunt, B. D.

    1996-01-01

    The ability to controllably fabricate High-Temperature Superconductor (HTS) S-Normal-S (SNS) Josephson Juntions (JJ's) enhances the possibilities fro many applications, including digital circuits, SQUID's, and mixers. A wide variety of approaches to fabricating SNS-like junctions has been tried and analyzed in terms of proximity effect behavior.

  3. Studies of anisotropy of iron based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murphy, Jason [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2013-01-01

    To study the electronic anisotropy in iron based superconductors, the temperature dependent London penetration depth, Δλ (T), have been measured in several compounds, along with the angular dependent upper critical field, Hc2(T). Study was undertaken on single crystals of Ba(Fe1-xCox)2As2 with x=0.108 and x=0.127, in the overdoped range of the doping phase diagram, characterized by notable modulation of the superconducting gap. Heavy ion irradiation with matching field doses of 6 T and 6.5 T respectively, were used to create columnar defects and to study their effect on the temperature Δλ (T). The variation of the low-temperature penetration depth in both pristine and irradiated samples was fitted with a power-law function Δλ (T) = ATn. Irradiation increases the magnitude of the pre-factor A and decreases the exponent n, similar to the effect on the optimally doped samples. This finding supports the universal s± scenario for the whole doping range. Knowing that the s± gap symmetry exists across the superconducting dome for the electron doped systems, we next looked at λ (T), in optimally - doped, SrFe2(As1-xPx)2, x =0.35. Both, as-grown (Tc ~ 25 K) and annealed (Tc ~ 35 K) single crystals of SrFe2(As1-xPx)2 were measured. Annealing decreases the absolute value of the London penetration depth from λ(0) = 300 ± 10 nm in as-grown samples to λ (0) = 275±10 nm. At low temperatures, λ (T) ~ T indicates a superconducting gap with line nodes. Analysis of the full-temperature range superfluid density is consistent with the line nodes, but differs from the simple single-gap d-wave. The observed behavior is very similar to that of BaFe2(As1-xPx)2, showing that isovalently substituted pnictides are inherently different from

  4. Electronic Structure of the Bismuth Family of High Temperature Superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunn, Lisa

    2002-03-07

    High temperature superconductivity remains the central intellectual problem in condensed matter physics fifteen years after its discovery. Angle resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) directly probes the electronic structure, and has played an important role in the field of high temperature superconductors. With the recent advances in sample growth and the photoemission technique, we are able to study the electronic structure in great detail, and address regimes that were previously inaccessible. This thesis work contains systematic photoemission studies of the electronic structure of the Bi-family of high temperature superconductors, which include the single-layer system (Bi2201), the bi-layer system (Bi2212), and the tri-layer system (Bi2223). We show that, unlike conventional BCS superconductors, phase coherence information emerges in the single particle excitation spectrum of high temperature superconductors as the superconducting peak in Bi2212. The universality and various properties of this superconducting peak are studied in various systems. We argue that the origin of the superconducting peak may provide the key to understanding the mechanism of High-Tc superconductors. In addition, we identified a new experimental energy scale in the bilayer material, the anisotropic intra-bilayer coupling energy. For a long time, it was predicted that this energy scale would cause bilayer band splitting. We observe this phenomenon, for the first time, in heavily overdoped Bi2212. This new observation requires the revision of the previous picture of the electronic excitation in the Brillouin zone boundary. As the first ARPES study of a trilayer system, various detailed electronic proper- ties of Bi2223 are examined. We show that, comparing with Bi2212, both superconducting gap and relative superconducting peak intensity become larger in Bi2223, however, the strength of the interlayer coupling within each unit cell is possibly weaker. These results suggest that the

  5. A Classroom Demonstration of Levitation and Suspension of a Superconductor over a Magnetic Track

    OpenAIRE

    Strehlow, Charles P.; Sullivan, M. C.

    2008-01-01

    The suspension and levitation of superconductors by permanent magnets is one of the most fascinating consequences of superconductivity, and a wonderful instrument for generating interest in low temperature physics and electrodynamics. We present a novel classroom demonstration of the levitation/suspension of a superconductor over a magnetic track that maximizes levitation/suspension time, separation distance between the magnetic track and superconductor and also insulator aesthetics. The demo...

  6. Design and Demonstration of a 30 GHz 16-bit Superconductor RSFQ Microprocessor

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-10

    for Public Release; Distribution Unlimited Final Report: Design and Demonstration of a 30 GHz 16-bit Superconductor RSFQ Microprocessor The views...P.O. Box 12211 Research Triangle Park, NC 27709-2211 Superconductor technology, RSFQ, RQL, processor design, arithmetic units, high-performance...Demonstration of a 30 GHz 16-bit Superconductor RSFQ Microprocessor Report Title The major objective of the project was to design and demonstrate operation

  7. Ambient-temperature superconductor symetrical metal-dihalide bis-(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene compounds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jack M.; Wang, Hsien-Hau; Beno, Mark A.

    1987-01-01

    A new class of organic superconductors having the formula (ET).sub.2 MX.sub.2 wherein ET represents bis(ethylenedithio)-tetrathiafulvalene, M is a metal such as Au, Ag, In, Tl, Rb, Pd and the like and X is a halide. The superconductor (ET).sub.2 AuI.sub.2 exhibits a transition temperature of 5 K. which is high for organic superconductors.

  8. Doppler-scanning tunneling microscopy current imaging in superconductor-ferromagnet hybrids

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moore, S. A.; Plummer, G.; Fedor, J.; Pearson, J. E.; Novosad, V.; Karapetrov, G.; Iavarone, M.

    2016-01-25

    Mapping the distribution of currents inside a superconductor is usually performed indirectly through imaging of the stray magnetic fields above the surface. Here, we show that by direct imaging of the Doppler shift contribution to the quasiparticle excitation spectrum in the superconductor using low temperature scanning tunneling microscopy, we obtain directly the distribution of supercurrents inside the superconductor. We demonstrate the technique at the example of superconductor/ferromagnet hybrid structure that produces intricate current pattern consisting of combination Meissner shielding currents and Abrikosov vortex currents.

  9. Holographic superconductors in the presence of dark matter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogatko, Marek; Wysokiński, Karol I.

    2017-10-01

    The application of the gauge-gravity duality, also known as anti-de Sitter/conformal field theory (AdS/CFT) correspondence to study condensed matter systems has resulted in a number of important findings. Using the analogy, we have studied the phase transitions between a holographic insulator and a metal at zero temperature as well as finite temperature transition between a metal and a holographic superconductor of s- and p-wave symmetry. The main aim of this note is to look in which way the dark matter might affect the properties of superconductors. The hope is that some of the observed modifications could be used to detect this ubiquitous but still elusive component of matter in the Universe.

  10. Design of High Field Solenoids made of High Temperature Superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bartalesi, Antonio; /Pisa U.

    2010-12-01

    This thesis starts from the analytical mechanical analysis of a superconducting solenoid, loaded by self generated Lorentz forces. Also, a finite element model is proposed and verified with the analytical results. To study the anisotropic behavior of a coil made by layers of superconductor and insulation, a finite element meso-mechanic model is proposed and designed. The resulting material properties are then used in the main solenoid analysis. In parallel, design work is performed as well: an existing Insert Test Facility (ITF) is adapted and structurally verified to support a coil made of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}, a High Temperature Superconductor (HTS). Finally, a technological winding process was proposed and the required tooling is designed.

  11. Heterostructures of Bi-4334 and MgB2 superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padmavathi, M.; Singh, R.

    2016-05-01

    We report the studies on hetero structures of Bi-4334 and MgB2 superconductors. The two superconductors were arranged in the form of bulk multilayers using hydraulic pressure system. X-ray diffraction pattern and dc magnetization studies confirm the presence of both superconducting phases in this try-layer hetero structured sample. The d.c magnetization shows the superconducting onset at 77K and 39K for Bi-4334 and MgB2 phases respectively. Critical current density (Jc) is calculated from hysteresis loop of the sample in both in-plane field and out of plane field configurations. Inverted anisotropy in Jc is observed due to enhancement of ab-plane properties because of multilayer growth process. Morphology of the samples at surface and interface of two superconducting layers is discussed in view of Field emission scanning electron microscopy.

  12. Muon spin relaxation and Moessbauer studies of iron pnictide superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klauss, Hans-Henning; Maeter, H.; Dellmann, T. [Technische Universitaet, Dresden (Germany); Luetkens, H.; Khasanov, R.; Amato, A. [PSI, Villigen (Switzerland); Pashkevich, Y. [Donetsk Phystech, NASU (Ukraine); Hess, C.; Klingeler, R.; Buechner, B. [IFW, Dresden (Germany); Leithe-Jasper, A.; Rosner, H.; Geibel, C.; Schnelle, W. [MPI-CPfS, Dresden (Germany); Braden, M. [Universitaet Koeln (Germany); Litterst, J. [Technische Universitaet, Braunschweig (Germany)

    2010-07-01

    We have determined the electronic phase diagrams and order parameters of ReO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}FeAs and (Sr,Eu)Fe{sub 2-x}Co{sub x}As{sub 2} superconductors. The results prove an important role of the structural distortion for the SDW magnetism and reveal two gap multiband superconductivity. We examined the interplay of iron and rare earth magnetic order in ReO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}FeAs. The undoped compounds show different magnetic coupling strength of the rare earth ion to the antiferromagnetic iron layers ranging from independent order to strong polarization of the rare earth moments by the ordered iron. Finally, we present recent studies on (Ca,Sr,Ba,Eu)Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2} and (Fe{sub 2}As{sub 2})(Sr{sub 4}T{sub 2}O{sub 6})based pnictide superconductors.

  13. Theory of the optical conductivity in the cuprate superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stojkovic, B.P. [Department of Physics and Materials Research Laboratory, 1110 West Green Street, University of Illinois, Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States); Pines, D. [Center for Nonlinear Studies, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States)

    1997-11-01

    We present a study of the normal-state optical conductivity in the cuprate superconductors using the nearly antiferromagnetic Fermi-liquid (NAFL) description of the magnetic interaction between their planar quasiparticles. We find that the highly anisotropic scattering rate in different regions of the Brillouin zone, both as a function of frequency and temperature, a benchmark of NAFL theory, leads to an average relaxation rate of the marginal Fermi-liquid form for overdoped and optimally doped systems, as well as for underdoped systems at high temperatures. We carry out numerical calculations of the optical conductivity for several compounds for which the input spin-fluctuation parameters are known. Our results, which are in agreement with experiment on both overdoped and optimally doped systems, show that NAFL theory explains the anomalous optical behavior found in these cuprate superconductors. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  14. Creating and manipulating nonequilibrium spins in nanoscale superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolf, Michael J.; Kolenda, Stefan; Beckmann, Detlef [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Huebler, Florian [Institut fuer Nanotechnologie, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Suergers, Christoph; Fischer, Gerda [Physikalisches Institut, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Loehneysen, Hilbert von [Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany); Physikalisches Institut, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    We report on nonlocal transport in superconductor hybrid structures, with ferromagnetic as well as normal-metal tunnel junctions attached to the superconductor. In the presence of a strong Zeeman splitting of the density of states, we find signatures of spin transport over distances of several μm, exceeding other length scales such as the coherence length, the normal-state spin-diffusion length, and the charge-imbalance length. Using a combination of ferromagnetic and normal-metal contacts, we demonstrate spin injection from a normal metal, and show a complete separation of charge and spin imbalance. An exchange splitting induced by the ferromagnetic insulator europium sulfide enables spin transport at very small applied magnetic fields, and therefore paves the way to manipulating spin currents by local exchange fields.

  15. Ultrafast probes of coherent oscillations in Fe-based superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, K. W. [Dept. of Physics, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-03-15

    Forefront ultrafast experimental techniques have recently proven their potential as new approaches to understand materials based on non-equilibrium dynamics in the time domain. The time domain approach is useful especially in disentangling complicated coupling among charge, spin and lattice degrees of freedom. Various ultrafast experiments on Fe-based superconductors have observed strong coherent oscillations of an A1g phonon mode of arsenic ions, which shows strong coupling to the electronic and magnetic states. This paper reviews the recent reports of ultrafast studies on Fe-based superconductor with a focus on the coherent oscillations. Experimental results with ultrashort light sources from the terahertz-infrared pulses to the hard X-rays from a free electron laser will be presented.

  16. Nobel Prize winner visits CERN’s superconductors

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    On Wednesday 23 April Georg Bednorz, who won the Nobel Prize for physics in 1987, visited CERN along with 44 of his colleagues from the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory. Georg Bednorz (second from right) with colleagues from the IBM Zurich Research Laboratory in the LHC tunnel. On their arrival, Jos Engelen, the Chief Scientific Officer, gave the IBM group an introduction to CERN. Bednorz came to CERN only recently for the Open Days to give a seminar, but unfortunately did not have time to visit the experiments, so this trip was organised instead. Along with Alex Müller, Bednorz was awarded the Noble Prize for his discovery of superconductivity for the so-called high temperature superconductors, essentially copper-oxide-based compounds showing superconductivity at temperatures much higher than had previously been thought possible. The LHC magnets are built with low-temperature superconductors but many current leads that supply power to the LHC cryostats are made with...

  17. Superconductor Requirements and Characterization for High Field Accelerator Magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barzi, E.; Zlobin, A. V.

    2015-05-01

    The 2014 Particle Physics Project Prioritization Panel (P5) strategic plan for U.S. High Energy Physics (HEP) endorses a continued world leadership role in superconducting magnet technology for future Energy Frontier Programs. This includes 10 to 15 T Nb3Sn accelerator magnets for LHC upgrades and a future 100 TeV scale pp collider, and as ultimate goal that of developing magnet technologies above 20 T based on both High Temperature Superconductors (HTS) and Low Temperature Superconductors (LTS) for accelerator magnets. To achieve these objectives, a sound conductor development and characterization program is needed and is herein described. This program is intended to be conducted in close collaboration with U.S. and International labs, Universities and Industry.

  18. Instability in the magnetic field penetration in type II superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Isaías G. de, E-mail: isaias@ufrrj.br

    2015-07-17

    Under the view of the time-dependent Ginzburg–Landau theory we have investigated the penetration of the magnetic field in the type II superconductors. We show that the single vortices, situated along the borderline, between the normal region channel and the superconducting region, can escape to regions still empty of vortices. We show that the origin of this process is the repulsive nature of vortex–vortex interaction, in addition to the non-homogeneous distribution of the vortices along the normal region channel. Using London theory we explain the extra gain of kinetic energy by the vortices situated along this borderline. - Highlights: • TDGL is used to study the magnetic field penetration in type II superconductors. • Instability process is found during the magnetic field penetration. • Vortices along the front of the normal region escape to superconducting region. • We explain the extra-gain of kinetic energy by vortices along the borderline.

  19. Forming high-Tc superconductors. Vormgeving hoge-Tc-supergeleiders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rabou, L.P.L.M.; Roskam, A.; Smit, H.C.D.; Veringa, H.J.

    1990-12-01

    Within the framework of the National Research Program High-Tc Superconductors the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation carried out research on the title subject by means of ceramic techniques. The aim is to manufacture bulk superconductors formed as a wire, plate or as a pipe. First the preparation of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} related compounds and BiCaSrCuO by means of citrate pyrolysis and some other preparation methods are discussed. Also an overview is given of the mechanical and temperature treatment, and the analyses of the powders. Then attention is paid to the ceramic forming techniques of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}: pressing (uniaxial, cold isostatic), tape casting, extrusion, slip casting and plasma spraying. 16 figs., 6 refs., 10 tabs.

  20. Quasiparticle relaxation rates in a spatially inhomogeneous superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golubov, A. A.; Houwman, E. P.

    1993-01-01

    Effective quasi-particle relaxation rates in reduced gap regions of a dirty superconductor (S) at low temperatures are calculated from microscopic theory. Gap reduction in S caused by a proximity layer (S‧) with lower critical temperature is modeled by an effective trapping layer with zero gap and an effective thickness Leff/ξ s, which is a function of the proximity parameter γM=( σs‧ξs/ σsξs‧)( ds‧/ ξs‧). The total rate is the sum of the rate of the reduced gap region and of the proximity layer. The effective trapping volume of the core of an Abrikosov vortex, which is trapped in the superconductor, is a cylinder with radius Reff≈2.7ξ s and zero gap.

  1. Quasiparticle relaxation rates in a spatially inhomogeneous superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golubov, A.A.; Houwman, E.P. (Univ. of Twente, Dept. of Applied Physics, Enschede (Netherlands))

    1993-01-15

    Effective quasi-particle relaxation rates in reduced gap regions of a dirty superconductor (S) at low temperatures are calculated from microscopic theory. Gap reduction in S caused by a proximity layer (S') with lower critical temperature is modeled by an effective trapping layer with zero gap and an effective thickness L[sub eff]/[xi][sub S], which is a function of the proximity parameter [gamma][sub M]=([sigma]sub(S')[xi][sub S]/[sigma][sub S][xi]sub(S')) (dsub(S')/[xi]sub(S')). The total rate is the sum of the rate of the reduced gap region and of the proximity layer. The effective trapping volume of the core of an Abrikosov vortex, which is trapped in the superconductor, is a cylinder with radius R[sub eff][approx equal]2.7[xi][sub S] and zero gap. (orig.).

  2. Dielectric and diamagnetic susceptibilities near percolative superconductor-insulator transitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loh, Yen Lee; Karki, Pragalv

    2017-10-25

    Coarse-grained superconductor-insulator composites exhibit a superconductor-insulator transition governed by classical percolation, which should be describable by networks of inductors and capacitors. We study several classes of random inductor-capacitor networks on square lattices. We present a unifying framework for defining electric and magnetic response functions, and we extend the Frank-Lobb bond-propagation algorithm to compute these quantities by network reduction. We confirm that the superfluid stiffness scales approximately as [Formula: see text] as the superconducting bond fraction p approaches the percolation threshold p c . We find that the diamagnetic susceptibility scales as [Formula: see text] below percolation, and as [Formula: see text] above percolation. For models lacking self-capacitances, the electric susceptibility scales as [Formula: see text]. Including a self-capacitance on each node changes the critical behavior to approximately [Formula: see text].

  3. Chiral Topological Superconductors Enhanced by Long-Range Interactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viyuela, Oscar; Fu, Liang; Martin-Delgado, Miguel Angel

    2018-01-01

    We study the phase diagram and edge states of a two-dimensional p -wave superconductor with long-range hopping and pairing amplitudes. New topological phases and quasiparticles different from the usual short-range model are obtained. When both hopping and pairing terms decay with the same exponent, one of the topological chiral phases with propagating Majorana edge states gets significantly enhanced by long-range couplings. On the other hand, when the long-range pairing amplitude decays more slowly than the hopping, we discover new topological phases where propagating Majorana fermions at each edge pair nonlocally and become gapped even in the thermodynamic limit. Remarkably, these nonlocal edge states are still robust, remain separated from the bulk, and are localized at both edges at the same time. The inclusion of long-range effects is potentially applicable to recent experiments with magnetic impurities and islands in 2D superconductors.

  4. Pairing mechanism in the ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Beilun; Bastien, Gaël; Taupin, Mathieu; Paulsen, Carley; Howald, Ludovic; Aoki, Dai; Brison, Jean-Pascal

    2017-02-23

    Superconductivity is a unique manifestation of quantum mechanics on a macroscopic scale, and one of the rare examples of many-body phenomena that can be explained by predictive, quantitative theories. The superconducting ground state is described as a condensate of Cooper pairs, and a major challenge has been to understand which mechanisms could lead to a bound state between two electrons, despite the large Coulomb repulsion. An even bigger challenge is to identify experimentally this pairing mechanism, notably in unconventional superconductors dominated by strong electronic correlations, like in high-Tc cuprates, iron pnictides or heavy-fermion compounds. Here we show that in the ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe, the field dependence of the pairing strength influences dramatically its macroscopic properties like the superconducting upper critical field, in a way that can be quantitatively understood. This provides a simple demonstration of the dominant role of ferromagnetic spin fluctuations in the pairing mechanism.

  5. Weyl holographic superconductor in the Lifshitz black hole background

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mansoori, S. A. Hosseini [Department of Physics, Boston University,590 Commonwealth Ave., Boston, MA 02215 (United States); Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology,Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mirza, B. [Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology,Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mokhtari, A. [Department of Physics, Tarbiat Modares University,Tehran 14155-4838 (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Dezaki, F. Lalehgani; Sherkatghanad, Z. [Department of Physics, Isfahan University of Technology,Isfahan 84156-83111 (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-07-21

    We investigate analytically the properties of the Weyl holographic superconductor in the Lifshitz black hole background. We find that the critical temperature of the Weyl superconductor decreases with increasing Lifshitz dynamical exponent, z, indicating that condensation becomes difficult. In addition, it is found that the critical temperature and condensation operator could be affected by applying the Weyl coupling, γ. Moreover, we compute the critical magnetic field and investigate its dependence on the parameters γ and z. Finally, we show numerically that the Weyl coupling parameter γ and the Lifshitz dynamical exponent z together control the size and strength of the conductivity peak and the ratio of gap frequency over critical temperature ω{sub g}/T{sub c}.

  6. Holographic p-wave superconductor models with Weyl corrections

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lu Zhang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available We study the effect of the Weyl corrections on the holographic p-wave dual models in the backgrounds of AdS soliton and AdS black hole via a Maxwell complex vector field model by using the numerical and analytical methods. We find that, in the soliton background, the Weyl corrections do not influence the properties of the holographic p-wave insulator/superconductor phase transition, which is different from that of the Yang–Mills theory. However, in the black hole background, we observe that similarly to the Weyl correction effects in the Yang–Mills theory, the higher Weyl corrections make it easier for the p-wave metal/superconductor phase transition to be triggered, which shows that these two p-wave models with Weyl corrections share some similar features for the condensation of the vector operator.

  7. 1/f Noise in Ceramic Superconductors and Granular Resistors

    OpenAIRE

    Takagi, Keiji; Mizunami, Toru; Okayama, Hideyuki; Shiyuan, Yang

    1990-01-01

    The authors have measured the current noise in some components of granular structure. The samples are ceramic superconductors, carbon-black graft-polymer resistors, and positive temperature coefficient(PTe) ceramics. All noise spectra are of the 1/! type. The temperature dependence of the noise level is measured and compared with the temperature dependence of the resistance, It is shown that in these components the temperature coefficient of the resistance is related to the noise level as pre...

  8. Experiments of the superconducting proximity effect between superconductor and semiconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatano, Mutsuko; Nishino, Toshikazu; Kawabe, Ushio

    1987-01-01

    Coherence length in a semiconductor induced by the superconductor proximity effect is obtained experimentally from superconducting transition temperature measurements based on the de Gennes-Werthamer-Hauser theory. It was found that the coherence length in the semiconductor increases with increase in the carrier concentration n as a function of n1/3. This result agreed with the numerical result derived from the Seto-Van Duzer theory.

  9. Process for producing fine and ultrafine filament superconductor wire

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanithi, Hem C.

    1992-01-01

    A process for producing a superconductor wire made up of a large number of round monofilament rods is provided for, comprising assembling a multiplicity of round monofilaments inside each of a multiplicity of thin wall hexagonal tubes and then assembling a number of said thin wall hexagonal tubes within an extrusion can and subsequently consolidating, extruding and drawing the entire assembly down to the desired wire size.

  10. Gamma-stability and vortex motion in type II superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kurzke, Matthias; Spirn, Daniel

    2009-07-15

    We consider a time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation for superconductors with a strictly complex relaxation parameter, and derive motion laws for the vortices in the case of a finite number of vortices in a bounded magnetic field. The motion laws correspond to the flux-flow Hall effect. As our main tool, we develop a quantitative {gamma}-stability result relating the Ginzburg-Landau energy to the renormalized energy. (orig.)

  11. Superconductors and medical imaging; Supraconducteurs et imagerie medicale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aubert, Guy [Univ. Joseph Fourier, Grenoble (France); CEA/DSM/IRFU, CEA-Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France)

    2011-07-01

    After difficult beginnings in the 1970's, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has evolved to become nowadays the jewel in the crown of medical technology. Superconductors have been a key factor for the extraordinary expansion of MRI which in turn represents about 75 % of their total market. After recalling some basic principles, this article traces their common history and refers to future developments. (author)

  12. Electron transport in a ferromagnet-superconductor junction on graphene

    OpenAIRE

    Asano, Yasuhiro; Yoshida, Toshihiro; Tanaka, Yukio; Golubov, Alexandre Avraamovitch

    2008-01-01

    In a usual ferromagnet connected with a superconductor, the exchange potential suppresses the superconducting pairing correlation. We show that this common knowledge does not hold in a ferromagnetsuperconductor junction on a graphene. When the chemical potential of a graphene is close to the conical point of energy dispersion, the exchange potential rather assists the charge transport through a junction interface. The loose-bottomed electric structure causes this unusual effect

  13. Effective Lagrangians for BCS superconductors at [ital T]=0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aitchison, I.J.R. (TH. Divison, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva, 23 (Switzerland) Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)); Ao, P.; Thouless, D.J.; Zhu, X. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1995-03-01

    We show that the low-frequency, long-wavelength dynamics of the phase of the pair field for a BCS-type [ital s]-wave superconductor at [ital T]=0 is equivalent to that of a time-dependent nonlinear Schroedinger Lagrangian (TDNLSL), when terms required by Galilean invariance are included. If the modulus of the pair field is also allowed to vary, the system is equivalent to two coupled TDNLSL's.

  14. Anomalous density of states in hybrid normal metal–superconductor ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    theory. Keywords. Proximity effect; density of states; Andreev reflection. PACS Nos 74.45.+c; 68.37.Ef; 73.40.Gk; 74.78.Fk. 1. Introduction. A superconductor (S) can locally induce ... One of the goals of the present experiment is to verify that the gap is indeed given .... the measured elastic mean free path le,n of 36.1 nm.

  15. Microscopic Theory of Surface Topological Order for Topological Crystalline Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Meng

    2018-01-01

    We construct microscopic Hamiltonians for symmetry-preserving topologically ordered states on the surface of topological crystalline superconductors, protected by a Z2 reflection symmetry. Starting from ν Majorana cones on the surface, we show that the semion-fermion topological order emerges for ν =2 , and more generally, SO (ν )ν topological order for all ν ≥2 and Sp (n )n for ν =2 n when n ≥2 .

  16. Valence band electronic structure of Pd based ternary chalcogenide superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lohani, H. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Homi Bhabha National Institute, Training School Complex, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai 400085 (India); Mishra, P. [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Goyal, R.; Awana, V.P.S. [National Physical Laboratory(CSIR), Dr. K. S. Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110012 (India); Sekhar, B.R., E-mail: sekhar@iopb.res.in [Institute of Physics, Sachivalaya Marg, Bhubaneswar 751005 (India); Homi Bhabha National Institute, Training School Complex, Anushakti Nagar, Mumbai 400085 (India)

    2016-12-15

    Highlights: • VB Photoemission study and DFT calculations on Pd based ternary superconductors are presented. • Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.95}S{sub 5} shows a temperature dependent pseudogap. • VB spectral features of ternary superconductors are correlated to their structural geometry. - Abstract: We present a comparative study of the valence band electronic structure of Pd based ternary chalcogenide superconductors Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.95}S{sub 5}, Ta{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.97}S{sub 6} and Ta{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.97}Te{sub 6} using experimental photoemission spectroscopy and density functional based theoretical calculations. We observe a qualitatively similarity between valence band (VB) spectra of Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.95}S{sub 5} and Ta{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.97}S{sub 6}. Further, we find a pseudogap feature in Nb{sub 2}Pd{sub 0.95}S{sub 5} at low temperature, unlike other two compounds. We have correlated the structural geometry with the differences in VB spectra of these compounds. The different atomic packing in these compounds could vary the strength of inter-orbital hybridization among various atoms which leads to difference in their electronic structure as clearly observed in our DOS calculations.

  17. Quantum and Ionic Transport Across Superconductor-based Heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nayfeh, Osama; Dinh, Son; Taylor, Benjamin; de Andrade, Marcio; Swanson, Paul; Offord, Bruce; de Escobar, Anna Leese; Claussen, Stephanie; Kassegne, Sam

    2015-03-01

    We present analysis of quantum and ionic transport across superconductor/barrier/ionic/barrier/superconductor (SBIBS) heterostructures. Calculations for various ionic configurations demonstrate modification of the quantum transport coherence length and energy profile with moderate ionic transport away from the superconductor-barrier interface. The effect of electric field and cryogenic temperature on the stability of the ionic configurations for quantum information state storage is examined. Characterization and analysis of constructed Al and Nb-based device structures are presented. Acknowledgements: We acknowledge the support of the SSC Pacific In-house Laboratory Independent Research Science and Technology Program managed by Dr. Dave Rees, the Naval Innovative Science and Engineering Program managed by Mr. Robin Laird, and the ONR Summer Faculty Research Program. Interactions with Dr. Van Vechten (ONR) and Dr. Manheimer (IARPA) are appreciated. The views and conclusions contained in this document are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as representing the official policies, either expressed or implied, of SPAWAR or the U.S. Government. Approved for Public Release; distribution is unlimited.

  18. Magnetic flux periodicities and finite momentum pairing in unconventional superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loder, Florian

    2009-12-22

    This work contains a thorough study of the magnetic flux periodicity of loops of conventional and unconventional, especially d-wave, superconductors. Although already in 1961, several independent works showed that the flux period of a conventional superconducting loop is the superconducting flux quantum hc/2e, this question has never been investigated deeply for unconventional superconductors. And indeed, we show here that d-wave superconducting loops show a basic flux period of the normal flux quantum hc/e, a property originating from the nodal quasi-particle states. This doubling of the flux periodicity is best visible in the persistent current circulating in the loop, and it affects other properties of the superconductor such as the periodicity of d-wave Josephson junctions. In the second part of this work, the theory of electron pairing with finite center-of-mass momentum, necessary for the description of superconducting loops, is extended to systems in zero magnetic field. We show that even in the field free case, an unconventional pairing symmetry can lead to a superconducting ground state with finite-momentum electron pairs. Such a state has an inhomogeneous charge density and therefore is a basis for the description of coexistence of superconductivity and stripe order. (orig.)

  19. Processing of bulk Bi-2223 high-temperature superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Polasek

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The Bi2Sr2Ca2Cu3 O10+x (Bi-2223 is one of the main high temperature superconductors for applications. One of these applications is the Superconductor Fault Current Limiter (SCFCL, which is a very promising high temperature superconducting device. SCFCL's can be improved by using bulk superconductors with high critical currents, which requires a sufficiently dense and textured material. In the present work, a process for improving the microstructure of Bi-2223 bulk samples is investigated. Pressed precursor blocks are processed by sintering with a further partial melting step, in order to enhance the Bi-2223 grain texture and to healing cracks induced by pressing. In order to improve the microstructure, the precursor is mixed with silver powder before pressing. Samples with and without silver powder have been studied, with the aim of investigating the influence of silver on the microstructure evolution. The phase contents and the microstructure obtained have been analyzed through XRD and SEM/EDS. The electromagnetic characterization has been performed by Magnetic Susceptibility Analysis. We present and discuss the process and the properties of the superconducting blocks. High fractions of textured Bi-2223 grains have been obtained.

  20. A superconductor to superfluid phase transition in liquid metallic hydrogen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babaev, Egor; Sudbø, Asle; Ashcroft, N W

    2004-10-07

    Although hydrogen is the simplest of atoms, it does not form the simplest of solids or liquids. Quantum effects in these phases are considerable (a consequence of the light proton mass) and they have a demonstrable and often puzzling influence on many physical properties, including spatial order. To date, the structure of dense hydrogen remains experimentally elusive. Recent studies of the melting curve of hydrogen indicate that at high (but experimentally accessible) pressures, compressed hydrogen will adopt a liquid state, even at low temperatures. In reaching this phase, hydrogen is also projected to pass through an insulator-to-metal transition. This raises the possibility of new state of matter: a near ground-state liquid metal, and its ordered states in the quantum domain. Ordered quantum fluids are traditionally categorized as superconductors or superfluids; these respective systems feature dissipationless electrical currents or mass flow. Here we report a topological analysis of the projected phase of liquid metallic hydrogen, finding that it may represent a new type of ordered quantum fluid. Specifically, we show that liquid metallic hydrogen cannot be categorized exclusively as a superconductor or superfluid. We predict that, in the presence of a magnetic field, liquid metallic hydrogen will exhibit several phase transitions to ordered states, ranging from superconductors to superfluids.

  1. Observing the fluctuating stripes in high-Tc superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cvetkovic, V.; Nussinov, Z.; Mukhin, S.; Zaanen, J.

    2008-01-01

    Superfluids and superconductors have been around for a long time and their explanation in terms of the Bogoliubov theory for bosons and the BCS theory for fermions belong to the highlights of twentieth century physics. However, it appears that these theories are too primitive to address the high-Tc superconductivity found in copper oxides. These electron systems seem to behave more like a dense, strongly correlated liquid contrasting markedly with the conventional quantum gasses: these show strong dynamical correlations on mesoscopic length and time scales associated with stripes, a particular form of electron crystallization. Resting on the gauge theory of topological quantum melting in 2+1 dimensions relevant for the cuprates, we describe the limit which is exactly opposite to the gas limit: the superconductor with the maximum possible amount of transient translational order. We predict that in this "orderly limit" an extra collective mode appears, and this "massive shear photon" can be regarded as a universal fingerprint of the fluctuating stripes. This mode is visible in the electrodynamic response and the ramification of our theory is that electron energy loss spectroscopy can be employed to prove or disprove the existence of dynamical stripes in cuprate superconductors.

  2. Gravitational Field Shielding by Scalar Field and Type II Superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang B. J.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The gravitational field shielding by scalar field and type II superconductors are theoret- ically investigated. In accord with the well-developed five-dimensional fully covariant Kaluza-Klein theory with a scalar field, which unifies the Einsteinian general relativity and Maxwellian electromagnetic theory, the scalar field cannot only polarize the space as shown previously, but also flatten the space as indicated recently. The polariza- tion of space decreases the electromagnetic field by increasing the equivalent vacuum permittivity constant, while the flattening of space decreases the gravitational field by decreasing the equivalent gravitational constant. In other words, the scalar field can be also employed to shield the gravitational field. A strong scalar field significantly shield the gravitational field by largely decreasing the equivalent gravitational constant. According to the theory of gravitational field shielding by scalar field, the weight loss experimentally detected for a sample near a rotating ceramic disk at very low tempera- ture can be explained as the shielding of the Earth gravitational field by the Ginzburg- Landau scalar field, which is produced by the type II superconductors. The significant shielding of gravitational field by scalar field produced by superconductors may lead to a new spaceflight technology in future.

  3. Scanning X-ray microscopy of superconductor/ferromagnet bilayers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stahl, Claudia; Ruoss, Stephen; Weigand, Markus; Schuetz, Gisela [Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart (Germany); Zahn, Patrick; Bayer, Jonas [Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems, Stuttgart (Germany); Research Institute for Innovative Surfaces, FINO, Aalen University (Germany); Albrecht, Joachim [Research Institute for Innovative Surfaces, FINO, Aalen University (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    The magnetic flux distribution arising from a high-T{sub c} superconductor is detected and visualized with high spatial resolution using scanning x-ray microscopy (SXM). Therefore, we introduce a sensor layer, namely, an amorphous, soft-magnetic CoFeB cover layer. The magnetic stray fields of the supercurrents lead to a local reorientation of the magnetic moments in the ferromagnet, which is visualized using the large x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) effect of the Co and Fe L3-edge. We show that the XMCD contrast in the sensor layer corresponds to the in-plane magnetic flux distribution of the superconductor and can hence be used to image magnetic structures in superconductors with high spatial resolution. Using the total electron yield (TEY) mode the surface structure and the magnetic domains can be imaged simultaneously and can be correlated. The measurements are carried out at our scanning x-ray microscope MAXYMUS at Bessy II, Berlin with the new low temperature setup.

  4. Quasiparticle lifetimes and tunneling times in a superconductor-insulator-superconductor tunnel junction with spatially inhomogeneous electrodes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golubov, A.A.; Houwman, E.P.; Gijsbertsen, J.G.; Flokstra, J.; Rogalla, H. (University of Twente, Department of Applied Physics, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)); le Grand, J.B.; de Korte, P.A.J. (Laboratory for Space Research, Sorbonnelaan 2, 3584 CA Utrecht (Netherlands))

    1994-05-01

    The low-energy quasiparticle scattering and recombination lifetimes for a proximity sandwich of two superconductors [ital S] and [ital S][prime] with different bulk energy gaps, are calculated as a function of the spatial coordinate and temperature. The spatial dependence of the order parameter and density of states are calculated on the basis of a microscopic model of the proximity effect, based on the Usadel equations, for dirty superconductors in thermal equilibrium. A zero boundary resistance between [ital S] and [ital S][prime] and a Boltzmann-like energy distribution of the excess quasiparticles are assumed. In the case of a small diffusion time constant an effective quasiparticle relaxation rate into and excitation rate out of the reduced gap region in the [ital SS][prime] sandwich are obtained as a function of (finite, but low) temperature and strength of the proximity effect, determined by the parameter [gamma][sub [ital m

  5. Cryogenic electrical insulation of superconducting power transmission lines: transfer of experience learned from metal superconductors to high critical temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gerhold, J. [Technical University of Graz (Austria). Inst. fuer Electrische Maschinen und Antrisbechnik; Tanaka, T. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1998-11-01

    Superconducting power transmission lines have found renewed interest after the discovery of a superconductor with high critical temperature. Cooling by liquid nitrogen instead of helium has in fact a great impact on economics. The existing wide spread knowhow about dielectric performance in helium cooled transmission lines which were already developed up to a prototype stage can be used with benefit for the design of liquid nitrogen cooled lines. (author)

  6. Fundamental studies of superconductors using scanning magnetic imaging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirtley, J. R.

    2010-12-01

    In this review I discuss the application of scanning magnetic imaging to fundamental studies of superconductors, concentrating on three scanning magnetic microscopies—scanning SQUID microscopy (SSM), scanning Hall bar microscopy (SHM) and magnetic force microscopy (MFM). I briefly discuss the history, sensitivity, spatial resolution, invasiveness and potential future developments of each technique. I then discuss a selection of applications of these microscopies. I start with static imaging of magnetic flux: an SSM study provides deeper understanding of vortex trapping in narrow strips, which are used to reduce noise in superconducting circuitry. Studies of vortex trapping in wire lattices, clusters and arrays of rings and nanoholes show fascinating ordering effects. The cuprate high-Tc superconductors are shown to have predominantly d-wave pairing symmetry by magnetic imaging of the half-integer flux quantum effect. Arrays of superconducting rings act as a physical analog for the Ising spin model, with the half-integer flux quantum effect helping to eliminate one source of disorder in antiferromagnetic arrangements of the ring moments. Tests of the interlayer tunneling model show that the condensation energy available from this mechanism cannot account for the high critical temperatures observed in the cuprates. The strong divergence in the magnetic fields of Pearl vortices allows them to be imaged using SSM, even for penetration depths of a millimeter. Unusual vortex arrangements occur in samples comparable in size to the coherence length. Spontaneous magnetization is not observed in Sr2RuO4, which is believed to have px ± ipy pairing symmetry, although effects hundreds of times bigger than the sensitivity limits had been predicted. However, unusual flux trapping is observed in this superconductor. Finally, unusual flux arrangements are also observed in magnetic superconductors. I then turn to vortex dynamics: imaging of vortices in rings of highly underdoped

  7. Correlation and disorder-enhanced nematic spin response in superconductors with weakly broken rotational symmetry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Brian Møller; Graser, S.; Hirschfeld, P. J.

    2012-01-01

    Recent experimental and theoretical studies have highlighted the possible role of an electronic nematic liquid in underdoped cuprate superconductors. We calculate, within a model of d-wave superconductor with Hubbard correlations, the spin susceptibility in the case of a small explicitly broken...

  8. The use of the special theory of relativity for the Meissner Effect in superconductor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rashid, M.

    2011-01-01

    The electromagnetic waves are considered in this article as the mediators of interaction in the Meissner Effect or the diamagnetic property of the superconductors. During the cooling of a superconductor electromagnetic waves may be released when the electrons occupy lower states of the energy. These

  9. A close-up of the lower part of a 13 kA current lead. The high-temperature superconductor (on the left in the photo) with the low-temperature superconductor (on the right). Resting in liquid helium, the low-temperature superconductor is connected to the bus-bars conveying the current to the LHC magnets.

    CERN Multimedia

    2004-01-01

    A close-up of the lower part of a 13 kA current lead. The high-temperature superconductor (on the left in the photo) with the low-temperature superconductor (on the right). Resting in liquid helium, the low-temperature superconductor is connected to the bus-bars conveying the current to the LHC magnets.

  10. Spin-dependent thermoelectric effects in graphene-based superconductor junctions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beiranvand, Razieh; Hamzehpour, Hossein

    2017-02-01

    Using the Bogoliubov-de Gennes formalism, we investigate the charge and spin-dependent thermoelectric effects in graphene-based superconductor junctions. The results demonstrate that despite normal-superconductor junctions, there is a temperature-dependent spin thermopower in both the graphene-based ferromagnetic-superconductor and ferromagnetic-Rashba spin-orbit region-superconductor junctions. It is also shown that in the presence of Rashba spin-orbit interaction, the charge and spin-dependent Seebeck coefficients reach their maximum up to 3.5 k B / e and 2.5 k B / e , respectively. Remarkably, these coefficients have a zero-point critical value with respect to the magnetic exchange field and chemical potential. This effect disappears when the Rashba coupling is absent. These results suggest that graphene-based superconductors can be used in spin-caloritronic devices.

  11. Dispersive high-energy spin excitations in iron pnictide superconductors investigated with RIXS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schmitt, Thorsten; Zhou, Kejin; Monney, C.; Strocov, V.N. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); Huang, Y.B. [Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen (Switzerland); IOP, CAS, Beijing (China); Brink, J. van den [IFW Dresden (Germany); Ding, H. [IOP, CAS, Beijing (China)

    2012-07-01

    The discovery of iron-based high temperature superconductivity has triggered tremendous research efforts in searching for novel high-T{sub c} superconductors. Unlike cuprates, which have long-range ordered antiferromagnetic Mott insulators as parent compounds, the parent compounds of iron-based superconductors are spin-density wave metals with delocalized electronic structure and more itinerant magnetism. Recent developments of the high-resolution resonant inelastic X-ray scattering (RIXS) technique have enabled investigations of magnetic excitations in cuprates, which show excellent agreement with results from Inelastic Neutron Scattering. In this presentation we demonstrate that RIXS can be used to measure collective magnetic excitations in iron-based superconductors despite their much stronger itinerancy compared to cuprates. The persistence of high-energy spin excitations even in optimally doped pnictide superconductors in a wide range of temperatures strongly suggests a spin-mediated Cooper pairing mechanism as proposed in cuprate superconductors.

  12. The intercalation chemistry of layered iron chalcogenide superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vivanco, Hector K.; Rodriguez, Efrain E.

    2016-10-01

    The iron chalcogenides FeSe and FeS are superconductors composed of two-dimensional sheets held together by van der Waals interactions, which makes them prime candidates for the intercalation of various guest species. We review the intercalation chemistry of FeSe and FeS superconductors and discuss their synthesis, structure, and physical properties. Before we review the latest work in this area, we provide a brief background on the intercalation chemistry of other inorganic materials that exhibit enhanced superconducting properties upon intercalation, which include the transition metal dichalcogenides, fullerenes, and layered cobalt oxides. From past studies of these intercalated superconductors, we discuss the role of the intercalates in terms of charge doping, structural distortions, and Fermi surface reconstruction. We also briefly review the physical and chemical properties of the host materials-mackinawite-type FeS and β-FeSe. The three types of intercalates for the iron chalcogenides can be placed in three categories: 1.) alkali and alkaline earth cations intercalated through the liquid ammonia technique; 2.) cations intercalated with organic amines such as ethylenediamine; and 3.) layered hydroxides intercalated during hydrothermal conditions. A recurring theme in these studies is the role of the intercalated guest in electron doping the chalcogenide host and in enhancing the two-dimensionality of the electronic structure by spacing the FeSe layers apart. We end this review discussing possible new avenues in the intercalation chemistry of transition metal monochalcogenides, and the promise of these materials as a unique set of new inorganic two-dimensional systems.

  13. A review and prospects for Nb3Sn superconductor development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xingchen

    2017-09-01

    Nb3Sn superconductors have significant applications in constructing high-field (>10 T) magnets. This article briefly reviews development of Nb3Sn superconductor and proposes prospects for further improvement. It is shown that significant improvement of critical current density (J c) is needed for future accelerator magnets. After a brief review of the development of Nb3Sn superconductors, the factors controlling J c are summarized and correlated with their microstructure and chemistry. The non-matrix J c of Nb3Sn conductors is mainly determined by three factors: the fraction of current-carrying Nb3Sn phase in the non-matrix area, the upper critical field B c2, and the flux line pinning capacity. Then prospects to improve the three factors are discussed respectively. An analytic model was developed to show how the ratios of precursors determine the phase fractions after heat treatment, based on which it is predicted that the limit of current-carrying Nb3Sn fraction in subelements is ∼65%. Then, since B c2 is largely determined by the Nb3Sn stoichiometry, a thermodynamic/kinetic theory is presented to show what essentially determines the Sn content of Nb3Sn conductors. This theory explains the influences of Sn sources and Ti addition on stoichiometry and growth rate of Nb3Sn layers. Next, to improve flux pinning, previous efforts in this community to introduce additional pinning centers to Nb3Sn wires are reviewed, and an internal oxidation technique is described. Finally, prospects for further improvement of non-matrix J c of Nb3Sn conductors are discussed, and it is seen that the only opportunity for further significantly improving J c lies in improving flux pinning.

  14. High energy spectra on Fe-based unconventional superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nag, Pranab Kumar; Baumann, Danny; Schlegel, Ronny; Beck, Robert; Hess, Christian [Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research, IFW-Dresden, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Wurmehl, Sabine; Buechner, Bernd [Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research, IFW-Dresden, 01171 Dresden (Germany); Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, TU Dresden, D-01062 Dresden (Germany); Wolf, Thomas [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Institut fuer Festkoerperphysik, Postfach 3640, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)

    2015-07-01

    We have performed low-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy and spectroscopy on LiFeAs, Co doped NaFeAs and FeSe superconductors. The spectroscopy data routinely reveal important aspects of the electronic structure both very close to the Fermi level, i.e. the superconducting gap, and distinct features at higher energies. The latter appear in occupied states roughly between -0.3 eV and -0.5 eV in these materials, and allow specific comparison with ARPES band structure data.

  15. Particle-vortex duality in topological insulators and superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murugan, Jeff; Nastase, Horatiu

    2017-05-01

    We investigate the origins and implications of the duality between topological insulators and topological superconductors in three and four spacetime dimensions. In the latter, the duality transformation can be made at the level of the path integral in the standard way, while in three dimensions, it takes the form of "self-duality in odd dimensions". In this sense, it is closely related to the particle-vortex duality of planar systems. In particular, we use this to elaborate on Son's conjecture that a three dimensional Dirac fermion that can be thought of as the surface mode of a four dimensional topological insulator is dual to a composite fermion.

  16. Texture-property relationships in the high temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rollett, A.D.; Heidelbach, F.; Schofield, T.G.; Muenschausen, R.E.; Raistrick, I.D.; Arendt, P.N.; Korzekwa, D.A.; Bennett, K. (Los Alamos National Lab., NM (USA)); Wenk, H.R. (California Univ., Berkeley, CA (USA)); Kallend, J.S. (Illinois Inst. of Tech., Chicago, IL (USA))

    1990-01-01

    Textures have been measured by means of x-ray pole figures for high temperature superconductor materials in both bulk and thin film form. Variations in the epitaxy of the yttrium-based thin films are correlated with processing history and properties. Textures are given for deformation-processed Bi-based material, which, when subsequently melt-processed, exhibits high critical currents. The surface resistance of Tl-based films on a silver substrate are correlated with the sharpness of the texture. 13 refs., 6 figs., 3 tabs.

  17. Microstructures and critical currents in high-{Tc} superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suenaga, Masaki

    1998-11-01

    Microstructural defects are the primary determining factors for the values of critical-current densities in a high {Tc} superconductor after the electronic anisotropy along the a-b plane and the c-direction. A review is made to assess firstly what would be the maximum achievable critical-current density in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} if nearly ideal pinning sites were introduced and secondly what types of pinning defects are currently introduced or exist in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} and how effective are these in pinning vortices.

  18. Normal-metal-superconductor tunnel junction as a Brownian refrigerator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pekola, J P; Hekking, F W J

    2007-05-25

    Thermal noise generated by a hot resistor (resistance R) can, under proper conditions, catalyze heat removal from a cold normal metal (N) in contact with a superconductor (S) via a tunnel barrier (I). Such a NIS junction is reminiscent of Maxwell's demon, rectifying the heat flow. Upon reversal of the temperature gradient between the resistor and the junction, the heat fluxes are reversed: this presents a regime which is not accessible in an ordinary voltage-biased NIS structure. We obtain analytical results for the cooling performance in an idealized high impedance environment and perform numerical calculations for general R. We conclude by assessing the experimental feasibility of the proposed effect.

  19. Hard gap in epitaxial semiconductor-superconductor nanowires

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chang, W.; Albrecht, S. M.; Jespersen, T. S.

    2015-01-01

    information processing. Proposals in this direction based on proximity effect in semiconductor nanowires are appealing because the key ingredients are currently in hand. However, previous instances of proximitized semiconductors show significant tunneling conductance below the superconducting gap, suggesting...... a continuum of subgap states---a situation that nullifies topological protection. Here, we report a hard superconducting gap induced by proximity effect in a semiconductor, using epitaxial Al-InAs superconductor-semiconductor nanowires. The hard gap, along with favorable material properties and gate...

  20. Random-matrix theory of Majorana fermions and topological superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beenakker, C. W. J.

    2015-07-01

    The theory of random matrices originated half a century ago as a universal description of the spectral statistics of atoms and nuclei, dependent only on the presence or absence of fundamental symmetries. Applications to quantum dots (artificial atoms) followed, stimulated by developments in the field of quantum chaos, as well as applications to Andreev billiards—quantum dots with induced superconductivity. Superconductors with topologically protected subgap states, Majorana zero modes, and Majorana edge modes, provide a new arena for applications of random-matrix theory. These recent developments are reviewed, with an emphasis on electrical and thermal transport properties that can probe the Majorana fermions.

  1. EPR study of deoxygenated high-temperature superconductors

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. High-Tc superconductors are EPR silent but on a little deoxygenation of the high-Tc materials and their constituents, they yield rich but complex spectra. Spectra of (1) CuO, (2) BaCuO2,. (3) CaCuO2, (4) Y2Cu2O5, (5) La2CuO4, (6) La2−x Mx CuO4 (M = Sr, Ba), (7) Y based-123, (8) Bi based-2201, 2212, 2223, ...

  2. Two-dimensional superconductors with atomic-scale thickness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uchihashi, Takashi

    2017-01-01

    Recent progress in two-dimensional superconductors with atomic-scale thickness is reviewed mainly from the experimental point of view. The superconducting systems treated here involve a variety of materials and forms: elemental metal ultrathin films and atomic layers on semiconductor surfaces; interfaces and superlattices of heterostructures made of cuprates, perovskite oxides, and rare-earth metal heavy-fermion compounds; interfaces of electric-double-layer transistors; graphene and atomic sheets of transition metal dichalcogenide; iron selenide and organic conductors on oxide and metal surfaces, respectively. Unique phenomena arising from the ultimate two dimensionality of the system and the physics behind them are discussed.

  3. Microstructures and strucural defects in high-temperature superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Cai, Zhi Xiong

    1998-01-01

    This book provides an extensive introduction to the microstructures and structural defects in high-temperature superconductors. It illustrates the application of modern experimental techniques as well as theoretical modeling tools in the study of these complex materials.The readers are given an overview of the structure-sensitive properties, such as transport properties, and the effort to develop large-scale (high-current, high-field) applications for these materials. The effects of defects on the superconducting properties of these materials are described when feasible to put the study of mic

  4. Field dependence of critical current density in flat superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kondo, Ryuji [Faculty of Engineering, Oita University, 700 Dannoharu Oita (Japan); Fukami, Takeshi [Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Himeji Institute of Technology, Himeji (Japan); Tamegai, Tsuyoshi, E-mail: ryuji-kondo@susi.oita-u.ac.j [Department of Applied Physics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo (Japan)

    2009-03-01

    Surface field of a thin superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7-delta} in mixed state is measured by a Hall probe array. To reproduce the measured field profiles, shielding current distributions are determined by numerical iterative calculations without supposing any models for field dependence of critical current density J{sub c} (B). Utilizing the estimated local current density and local magnetic field for x - y coordinates, a field variation of current density is plotted. Though any model for J{sub c} (B) is not used for numerical calculations, the field variation roughly shows a dependence like Kim model.

  5. Ceramic high temperature superconductors for high current applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Christiansen, J.

    1996-12-31

    Composite Reaction Texturing (CRT) is a technique which uses a fine distribution of pre-aligned seeds as nucleating sites for texturing oxide superconductors. It has successfully been applied to the texturing of Bi-2212 compounds. A furhter application of CRT is reported in which Y-123 is biaxially textured using seeds of other Rare Earth-123 compounds with higher melting points as nucleating sites. The resultant textured microstructure exhibits mainly low angle grain boundaries (up to 5 deg. misorientation). Results will be presented on the seed alignment techniques, the development of microstructure during reaction of the composite preform and preliminary measurements of electromagnetic properties. (au). 111 refs.

  6. Medición de conductividad en materiales superconductores

    OpenAIRE

    Junciel, Luis Daniel

    2003-01-01

    Hemos investigado las estrategias necesarias para atacar los problemas que presenta la medición de resistividad en materiales superconductores cuyos valores varían muchos órdenes de magnitud. En particular, hemos analizado distintos procedimientos avanzados para realizar medidas en condiciones de baja señal, tanto en corriente continua como en corriente alterna. Se diseñó y construyó el sistema de adquisición automática de un instrumento versátil con capacidad de registrar la resistividad en ...

  7. Processing and Fabrication of High Temperature Oxide Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-11-30

    XRD analysis of this calcined powder showed that metallic Cu, Y203, and BaCO3 formed, suggesting that NH3 is too strongly reducing and not suitable for...December 4, 1990). 10. S. M. Johnson and M. I. Gusman, "Microstructure and Critical Current Density in High-Tc Metal Oxide Superconductors," EPRI Final...superconducting closed. ceramic oxides indicate that only crude methods of D. W. Johnson et a., in the CeramicA Bulletin, VoL 53, powder preparation are

  8. Lifshitz Transitions in the Ferromagnetic Superconductor UCoGe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bastien, Gaël; Gourgout, Adrien; Aoki, Dai; Pourret, Alexandre; Sheikin, Ilya; Seyfarth, Gabriel; Flouquet, Jacques; Knebel, Georg

    2016-11-11

    We present high field magnetoresistance, Hall effect and thermopower measurements in the Ising-type ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe. A magnetic field is applied along the easy magnetization c axis of the orthorhombic crystal. In the different experimental probes, we observed five successive anomalies at H≈4, 9, 12, 16, and 21 T. Magnetic quantum oscillations were detected both in resistivity and thermoelectric power. At most of the anomalies, significant changes of the oscillation frequencies and the effective masses have been observed, indicating successive Fermi surface instabilities induced by the strong magnetic polarization under a magnetic field.

  9. Lifshitz holographic superconductor in Hořava–Lifshitz gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Luo, Cheng-Jian, E-mail: rocengeng@hotmail.com [Department of Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031 (China); Center for Relativistic Astrophysics and High Energy Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031 (China); Kuang, Xiao-Mei, E-mail: xmeikuang@gmail.com [Instituto de Física, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso, Casilla 4059, Valparaíso (Chile); Shu, Fu-Wen, E-mail: shufuwen@ncu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang, 330031 (China); Center for Relativistic Astrophysics and High Energy Physics, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031 (China)

    2016-08-10

    We study the holographic phase transition of superconductor dual to a Lifshitz black brane probed by an anisotropic scalar field in the probe limit in Hořava–Lifshitz gravity. With the use of numerical and analytical method, we investigate how the critical temperature of the condensation is affected by the Lifshitz exponent z, α-correction term in the action as well as the dimensions of the gravity. We also numerically explore the condensation of the dual operator and optical conductivity of the holographic system. Various interesting properties of the holographic condensation affected by the parameters of model are discussed.

  10. Comparative Review on Thin Film Growth of Iron-Based Superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshinori Imai

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Since the discovery of the novel iron-based superconductors, both theoretical and experimental studies have been performed intensively. Because iron-based superconductors have a smaller anisotropy than high-Tc cuprates and a high superconducting transition temperature, there have been a lot of researchers working on the film fabrication of iron-based superconductors and their application. Accordingly, many novel features have been reported in the films of iron-based superconductors, for example, the fabrication of the epitaxial film with a higher Tc than bulk samples, the extraction of the metastable phase which cannot be obtained by the conventional solid state reaction, and so on. In this paper, we review the progress of research on thin film fabrications of iron-based superconductors, especially the four categories: LnFeAs(O,F (Ln = Lanthanide, AEFe2As2 (AE = Alkaline-earth metal, FeCh (Ch = Chalcogen, and FeSe monolayer. Furthermore, we focus on two important topics in thin films of iron-based superconductors; one is the substrate material for thin film growth on the iron-based superconductors, and the other is the whole phase diagram in FeSe1-xTex which can be obtained only by using film-fabrication technique.

  11. Flux penetrations into two- and three-dimensional nanostructured superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tamegai, T., E-mail: tamegai@ap.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Tsuchiya, Y.; Tada, S.; Ibuka, J.; Mine, A.; Pyon, S. [Department of Applied Physics, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8656 (Japan); Mawatari, Y.; Nagasawa, S.; Hidaka, M.; Maezawa, M. [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan)

    2014-08-15

    Highlights: • Flux penetrations into two- and three-dimensional nanostructured superconductors are observed by magneto-optical imaging. • In two-dimensional superconducting networks with square holes on square lattice, anomalous diagonal penetrations are observed. • In three-dimensional superconducting shifted strip arrays, various forms of vortex avalanches are observed. - Abstract: We have fabricated two- and three-dimensional nanostructured superconductors, and observed vortex penetrations by magneto-optical imaging. In the case of two-dimensional superconducting networks with square holes on a square lattice, anomalous diagonal penetrations are widely observed. Two kinds of diagonal vortex penetrations at high and low temperatures have been interpreted as originating from the repulsive interaction of vortices and sharp fan-shaped vortex penetration from the corners of the square holes, respectively. In the case of three-dimensional stack of superconducting strip arrays with double and triple layers, vortex avalanches have been observed in a wide temperature and dimension ranges due to enhanced demagnetization effect. While spotlike avalanches are observed when the overlap of strips is small, anomalous linear avalanches traversing many strips in different layers are observed when the overlap is large. In triple-layer strip arrays, in addition to the spotlike and linear avalanches, vortex penetrations along the line of strips are also observed. Origins of the anomalous diagonal penetration and vortex avalanches are discussed.

  12. Phenomenological description of anisotropy effects in some ferromagnetic superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shopova, Diana V., E-mail: sho@issp.bas.bg [TCCM Research Group, Institute of Solid State Physics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, BG-1784 Sofia (Bulgaria); Todorov, Michail D. [Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, Technical University of Sofia, 1000 Sofia (Bulgaria)

    2015-07-03

    We study phenomenologically the role of anisotropy in ferromagnetic superconductors UGe{sub 2}, URhGe, and UCoGe for the description of their phase diagrams. We use the Ginzburg–Landau free energy in its uniform form as we will consider only spatially independent solutions. This is an expansion of previously derived results where the effect of Cooper-pair and crystal anisotropies is not taken into account. The three compounds are separately discussed with the special stress on UGe{sub 2}. The main effect comes from the strong uniaxial anisotropy of magnetization while the anisotropy of Cooper pairs and crystal anisotropy only slightly change the phase diagram in the vicinity of Curie temperature. The limitations of this approach are also discussed. - Highlights: • Anisotropic Landau energy for description of ferromagnetic superconductors is proposed. • Meissner phases are described with their existence and stability conditions. • The application of the model to UGe{sub 2} is discussed. • The limitations to apply the model for description of experimental data are explained.

  13. Using controlled disorder to study superconductors gap structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prozorov, Ruslan

    Studying the response to deliberately introduced disorder is a phase - sensitive tool to probe the pairing mechanisms of superconductors. Pair breaking scattering depends on the gap anisotropy and the relative sign of the order parameter on different parts of the Fermi surface. Comparing many compositions with the various amounts of disorder gives direct access to the gap evolution across the superconducting dome\\x9D. We use 2.5 MeV electron irradiation performed at 22 K to induce vacancy interstitial Frenkel pairs. Some pairs recombine, interstitials migrate and anneal upon warming leaving a quasi-equilibrium concentration of defects that act as point like scatterers. Probing several properties of the same sample before and after irradiation is essential to avoid experimental ambiguity. We measure normal and superconducting state properties, such as various transition temperatures, anisotropic resistivity, Hall coefficient, polarized light optical response, specific heat and London penetration depth. The combination of these measurements also allows examining the role of the coexisting magnetic and superconducting orders, magnetic fluctuations, quantum critical behavior, nematicity, and pseudogap. Several families of Fe based superconductors will be reviewed, including hole, electron and isovalently doped BaFe2As2, as well as stoichiometric CaKFe4As4 and FeSe, which together show an impressive variety of features and a very different behavior. Yet, these features can be understood within generalized extended s+/- pairing mechanism. This work was supported by the USDOE/OS/BES Materials Science and Engineering Division.

  14. A possible new family of unconventional high temperature superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jiangping; Le, Congcong

    We suggest a new family of Co/Ni-based materials that may host unconventional high temperature superconductivity (high-Tc). These materials carry layered square lattices with each layer being formed by vertex-shared transition metal tetrahedra cation-anion complexes. The electronic physics in these materials is determined by the two dimensional layer and is fully attributed to the three near degenerated t2 g d-orbitals close to a d7 filling configuration in the d-shell of Co/Ni atoms . The electronic structure meets the necessary criteria for unconventional high Tc materials proposed recently by us to unify the two known high-Tc families, cuprates and iron-based superconductors. We predict that they host superconducting states with a d-wave pairing symmetry with Tc potentially higher than those of iron-based superconductors. These materials, if realized, can be a fertile new ground to study strongly correlated electronic physics and provide decisive evidence for superconducting pairing mechanism.

  15. Stability analysis of an uncooled segment of superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seol, S. Y. [Chonnam National University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-09-15

    If the part of the HTS magnet is exposed to the outside of the cryogenic coolant due to the fluctuation of the height of the cooling liquid or the vapor generation, the uncooled part becomes very unstable. In this paper, the unstable equilibrium temperature distribution of the uncooled part of a superconductor is obtained, and the maximum temperature and energy are calculated as a function of the uncooled length. Similar to the superconductor stability problem, the current sharing model was applied to derive the theoretical formula and calculated by numerical integration. We also applied a jump model, which assumes that joule heat is generated in all of the uncooled segment, and compares it with the current sharing model results. As a result of the analysis, the stable equilibrium state and the critical uncooled length in the jump model are not shown in the current sharing model. The stability of the conductors to external disturbances was discussed based on the obtained temperature distribution, maximum temperature, and energy.

  16. Characterization of coplanar waveguide resonators made of nitride superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terai, Hirotaka; Tokyo University Collaboration

    Superconducting coplanar waveguide (CPW) resonator is a key component of superconducting electromagnetic field detectors and superconducting qubits based on circuit quantum electrodynamics (QED), where a high quality factor is desirable for applications. We have previously reported superconducting transmon qubits based on fullyepitaxial NbN/AlN/NbN tunnel junctions grown on a MgO substrate. However, the internal quality factor of the superconducting CPW resonator made of a (100) NbN film were at most several thousands, suggesting the existence of a loss mechanism coming from the MgO substrate or the interfacial two-level-systems (TLS). To clarify the origin of the loss mechanisms in superconducting CPW resonators, we systematically investigated the dependences on substrate materials, deposition conditions of nitride superconductors, and surface treatment conditions prior to the deposition. CPW resonators made of NbN or TiN deposited on a hydrogenterminated silicon substrate without any surface treatment showed a high internal quality factor above one million at the microwave power of a single photon level. Our results support that loss in superconducting resonators is dominated by TLS at the interface between the superconductor and the substrate. This research was partly supported by JST, ERATO.

  17. Andreev levels in a graphene-superconductor surface

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Manjarres, Diego A., E-mail: damanjarrnsg@unal.edu.c [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogota (Colombia); Herrera, William J., E-mail: jherreraw@unal.edu.c [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogota (Colombia); Gomez, Shirley [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Sede Bogota (Colombia)

    2009-10-01

    In order to consider the Dirac-like spectrum of graphene we employ the Bogoliubov de Gennes-Dirac formalism to determine the quasiparticle Andreev levels in an NS surface (normal-superconductor). The normal region is characterized by a width L while the superconducting region is semi-infinite and both regions are made of doped graphene. The quasiparticle energy spectrum is originated by the Andreev reflections that occur in the NS interface. It is shown that this spectrum depends on the width of the normal region and the Fermi energy in each region. When the Fermi energy in the normal metal is lower than the gap of the superconductor region, the spectrum is affected by specular Andreev reflections. The equation that is obtained to find the spectrum is very general and we solve it for some particular cases. We find that the energy spectrum oscillates when the Fermi energy in graphene is changed. Finally we obtain under some approximations an equation for the energy spectrum which is similar in structure as those obtained for an INS conventional junction.

  18. Analysis of electric current flow through the HTc multilayered superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sosnowski, J.

    2016-02-01

    Issue of the flow of the transport current through multilayered high-temperature superconductors is considered, depending on the direction of the electric current towards the surface of the superconducting CuO2 layers. For configuration of the current flow inside of the layers and for perpendicular magnetic field, it will be considered the current limitations connected with interaction of pancake type vortices with nano-sized defects, created among other during fast neutrons irradiation. So it makes this issue associated with work of nuclear energy devices, like tokamak ITER, LHC and actually developed accelerator Nuclotron-NICA, as well as cryocables. Phenomenological analysis of the pinning potential barrier formation will be in the paper given, which determines critical current flow inside the plane. Comparison of theoretical model with experimental data will be presented too as well as influence of fast neutrons irradiation dose on critical current calculated. For current direction perpendicular to superconducting planes the current-voltage characteristics are calculated basing on model assuming formation of long intrinsic Josephson's junctions in layered HTc superconductors.

  19. Conformal phase transition as a new perspective on conventional superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nogueira, Flavio [Theoretische Physik III, Ruhr-Universitaet Bochum (Germany); Sudbo, Asle [Dept. of Physics, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norway)

    2015-07-01

    We argue that the phase transition in strong type I superconductors features charged fluctuations, meaning that it is essentially driven by thermal fluctuations of the magnetic field. This is simply a consequence of the small value of the Ginzburg parameter in the deep type I regime. We substantiate this conclusion by a generalization of the Ginzburg criterion to include charged fluctuations. Finally, we demonstrate by means of a renormalization group analysis that the correlation length actually does not obey a power law as function of T-T{sub c}. Rather it features an essential singularity at T{sub c}, which is characteristic of a so called conformal phase transition, one known example of it being the Berezinski-Kosterliz-Thouless (BKT) phase transition in two-dimensional superfluids. We argue that a similar behavior happens in three-dimensional strongly type I superconductors. One important prediction from our theory that may be tested experimentally by microwave measurement is a universal discontinuous jump in the superfluid density.

  20. Present and future wire fabrication techniques for high {Tc} superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, S. [AT and T Bell Labs., Murray Hill, NJ (United States)

    1994-12-31

    Fabrication of high-J{sub c},, long-length conductors is essential for successful applications of the high {Tc} superconductors. Several different approaches for high-J{sub c} wire fabrications have been demonstrated, however, none of them meets all the requirements in terms of desirable length, critical currents, and operating temperature ranges. High-J{sub c} YBCO wires have been made only in length less than a meter. The BSCCO wires/ribbons exhibit high J{sub c} and can be made long but they are not particularly useful for major applications above {approximately}30K. For TBCCO, neither high-J{sub c} long wire comparable to BSCCO material nor sufficient flux pinning comparable to YBCO has been demonstrated, even with the promising single Tl-O layered compound. This paper describes various microstructural and processing problems limiting the development of desirable long-length superconductors, and discusses some alternative approaches that may be utilized to overcome the problems.

  1. Charge-4 e superconductors: A Majorana quantum Monte Carlo study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Yi-Fan; Li, Zi-Xiang; Kivelson, Steven A.; Yao, Hong

    2017-06-01

    Many features of charge-4 e superconductors remain unknown because even the "mean-field Hamiltonian" describing them is an interacting model. Here we introduce an interacting model to describe a charge-4 e superconductor (SC) deep in the superconducting phase and explore its properties using quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations. The QMC is sign-problem-free but only when a Majorana representation is employed. As a function of the chemical potential we observe two sharply-distinct behaviors: a "strong" quarteting phase in which charge-4 e quartets are tightly bound (like molecules) so that charge-2 e pairing does not occur even in the temperature T →0 limit, and a "weak" quarteting phase in which a further transition to a charge-2 e superconducting phase occurs at a lower critical temperature. Analogous issues arise in a putative Z4 spin liquid with a pseudo-Fermi surface and other interacting models with composite order parameters. Under certain circumstances, we also identified a stable T =0 charge-4 e SC phase with gapless nodal quasiparticles. We further discuss possible relevance of our results to various experimental observations in 1/8 -doped LBCO.

  2. Neutron dark field imaging of domain structures in superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reimann, Tommy; Schulz, Michael [TU Muenchen, Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier Leibnitz (FRM II), 85747 Garching (Germany); Physik Department E21, TU Muenchen, 85747 Garching (Germany); Gruenzweig, Christian [Paul-Scherrer-Institut, CH-5232 Villigen (Switzerland); Muehlbauer, Sebastian [TU Muenchen, Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier Leibnitz (FRM II), 85747 Garching (Germany); Boeni, Peter [Physik Department E21, TU Muenchen, 85747 Garching (Germany)

    2013-07-01

    In the intermediate mixed state (IMS) of a type II superconductor (SC), the sample splits up into field-free Meissner domains and Shubnikov domains which carry the vortex lattice. The IMS is analog to the intermediate state (IS) of a type-I superconductor with normal and superconducting domains. Experiments on the topology of both states show a variety of different patterns including striped, dendritic and bubble phases, which represent typical domain morphologies also seen in various other physical contexts. A detailed investigation of domain patterns offers the possibility to study general characteristics of domain nucleation and morphology as well as the physical properties of vortex-vortex interactions. Domain structures in SC are typically investigated by surface sensitive techniques such as magneto optical imaging, but flux pinning as well as Landau branching can significantly hamper the deduction of bulk properties. In this talk we show how neutron grating interferometry (nGI) can be used as a tool for the unambiguous identification of bulk properties. The capability of this unique technique will be demonstrated on Pb and Nb single crystals, which are classical representatives of type I and type II SC respectively.

  3. Fabrication and transport studies of graphene-superconductor heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hu, Jiuning; Wu, Tailung; Tian, Jifa; Chen, Yong

    2014-03-01

    Recently, graphene based stacked heterostructures, e.g., graphene and boron nitride (BN) multi-layers, have attracted much attention as a system to study novel interaction-driven physics (e.g., excitonic condensation) and perform interesting measurements (eg. Coulomb drag and tunneling). The realm of graphene-superconductor heterostructures remains less unexplored, while such a system offers various interesting prospects (effects of superconductor vortices lattices on over-layering graphene and quantum Hall states, where novel phenomena such as anionic excitations have been predicted). We have used polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) based carrier films and a micro-manipulator to transfer mechanically exfoliated flakes and fabricated graphene/BN/NbSe2 structures to study the transport properties of graphene in close proximity to electrically isolated superconducting NbSe2 films. The NbSe2 film shows the superconducting transition temperature of ~7 K and upper critical field of ~3.5 T after device fabrication. We will present results from magneto-transport in graphene and graphene-NbSe2 Coulomb drag and tunneling measurements.

  4. Epitaxial growth of Fe-based superconductor thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, Sven; Haenisch, Jens; Holzapfel, Bernhard [Institut fuer Technische Physik, Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    The Fe-based superconductors (FBS), discovered in 2008, are not only interesting for possible applications due to their large upper critical fields and low anisotropies, but also for basic understanding of unconventional superconductivity. With their properties, they constitute a link between the classic low-T{sub c} superconductors (low anisotropies, low thermal fluctuations, s-wave type symmetry) and the oxocuprates (T{sub c} up to 55 K, large H{sub c2}, unconventional pairing). Their multi-band nature reminds of MgB{sub 2}. We prepare thin films of FBS in the so called 122 family, namely Co- and P-doped BaFe{sub 2}As{sub 2} to investigate application relevant properties, such as critical current density J{sub c}, by pulsed laser deposition using a frequency-tripled Nd:YAG laser (λ = 355 nm). Microstructure and chemical composition will be investigated by XRD, AFM and SEM, and electrical transport using a 14 T PPMS. The results are compared to literature data on films grown at different wavelengths.

  5. Homes’ law in holographic superconductor with Q-lattices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niu, Chao; Kim, Keun-Young [School of Physics and Chemistry, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology,Gwangju 61005 (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-10-26

    Homes’ law, ρ{sub s}=Cσ{sub DC}T{sub c}, is an empirical law satisfied by various superconductors with a material independent universal constant C, where ρ{sub s} is the superfluid density at zero temperature, T{sub c} is the critical temperature, and σ{sub DC} is the electric DC conductivity in the normal state close to T{sub c}. We study Homes’ law in holographic superconductor with Q-lattices and find that Homes’ law is realized for some parameter regime in insulating phase near the metal-insulator transition boundary, where momentum relaxation is strong. In computing the superfluid density, we employ two methods: one is related to the infinite DC conductivity and the other is related to the magnetic penetration depth. With finite momentum relaxation both yield the same results, while without momentum relaxation only the latter gives the superfluid density correctly because the former has a spurious contribution from the infinite DC conductivity due to translation invariance.

  6. Magnetic and structure properties of Cd doping Bi-2223 superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SE Mousavi Ghahfarokhi

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, Bi1.64-xPb0.36CdxSr2Ca2Cu3Oy (BPCSCCO superconductor with x = 0.0, 0.02, 0.04 and 0.06 is made by the solid state reaction method. The magnetic susceptibility measurements were performed using AC susceptometer. The microstructure and morphology of the samples have been studied by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive X-ray. The results show that the partial substitution of Pb for Bi in the Bi-based superconductor increases the volume fraction of Bi-2223 phase. We also found that by doping of Cd, the high Tc phase is promoted and stabilized in the Bi-Pb-Sr-Ca-Cu-O system. The results of the X-Ray diffraction patterns and magnetic susceptibility measurements show that the low amount of Cd and long annealing time enhance the fraction of Bi-2223 phase. The maximum value volume fraction of Bi-2223 phase for sample with annealing time of 270 hours and 0.04 of Cd doping is obtained

  7. Nuclear magnetic resonance in low-symmetry superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, D. C.; Powell, B. J.

    2018-01-01

    We consider the nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate 1 /T1 in superconductors with accidental nodes, i.e., zeros of the order parameter that are not enforced by its symmetries. Such nodes in the superconducting gap are not constrained by symmetry to a particular position on the Fermi surface. We show, analytically and numerically, that a Hebel-Slichter-like peak occurs even in the absence of an isotropic component of the superconducting gap. For a gap with symmetry-required nodes the Fermi velocity at the node must point along the node. For accidental nodes this is not, in general, the case. This leads to additional terms in spectral function and hence the density of states. These terms lead to a logarithmic divergence in 1 /T1T at T →Tc- in models neglecting disorder and interactions [except for those leading to superconductivity; here T is temperature, Tc-=limδ→0(Tc-δ ) , and Tc is the critical temperature]. This contrasts with the usual Hebel-Slichter peak which arises from the coherence factors due to the isotropic component of the gap and leads to a divergence in 1 /T1T somewhat below Tc. The divergence in superconductors with accidental nodes is controlled by either disorder or additional electron-electron interactions. However, for reasonable parameters, neither of these effects removes the peak altogether. This provides a simple experimental method to distinguish between symmetry-required and accidental nodes.

  8. Reversibility and energy dissipation in adiabatic superconductor logic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takeuchi, Naoki; Yamanashi, Yuki; Yoshikawa, Nobuyuki

    2017-03-06

    Reversible computing is considered to be a key technology to achieve an extremely high energy efficiency in future computers. In this study, we investigated the relationship between reversibility and energy dissipation in adiabatic superconductor logic. We analyzed the evolution of phase differences of Josephson junctions in the reversible quantum-flux-parametron (RQFP) gate and confirmed that the phase differences can change time reversibly, which indicates that the RQFP gate is physically, as well as logically, reversible. We calculated energy dissipation required for the RQFP gate to perform a logic operation and numerically demonstrated that the energy dissipation can fall below the thermal limit, or the Landauer bound, by lowering operation frequencies. We also investigated the 1-bit-erasure gate as a logically irreversible gate and the quasi-RQFP gate as a physically irreversible gate. We calculated the energy dissipation of these irreversible gates and showed that the energy dissipation of these gate is dominated by non-adiabatic state changes, which are induced by unwanted interactions between gates due to logical or physical irreversibility. Our results show that, in reversible computing using adiabatic superconductor logic, logical and physical reversibility are required to achieve energy dissipation smaller than the Landauer bound without non-adiabatic processes caused by gate interactions.

  9. Topological Phase Transitions in Line-nodal Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Gil Young; Han, Sangeun; Moon, Eun-Gook

    Fathoming interplay between symmetry and topology of many-electron wave-functions deepens our understanding in quantum nature of many particle systems. Topology often protects zero-energy excitation, and in a certain class, symmetry is intrinsically tied to the topological protection. Namely, unless symmetry is broken, topological nature is intact. We study one specific case of such class, symmetry-protected line-nodal superconductors in three spatial dimensions (3d). Mismatch between phase spaces of order parameter fluctuation and line-nodal fermion excitation induces an exotic universality class in a drastic contrast to one of the conventional ϕ4 theory in 3d. Hyper-scaling violation and relativistic dynamic scaling with unusually large quantum critical region are main characteristics, and their implication in experiments is discussed. For example, continuous phase transition out of line-nodal superconductors has a linear phase boundary in a temperature-tuning parameter phase-diagram. This work was supported by the Brain Korea 21 PLUS Project of Korea Government and KAIST start-up funding.

  10. Thermal Analysis for the Recovery and Quenching of Disturbed Composite Superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seol, Seoung Yun

    Thermal stability is one of the major issues in the design and operation of superconducting devices. Due to a thermal disturbance, the superconductor may experience a transition from the superconducting state to the normal resistive state, a phenomenon known as quenching. The high electrical resistivity of normal state superconductor contribute to an excessive amount of heat generation which may cause an irrecoverable damage. In a composite superconductor, a stabilizer is provided to alleviate the problem through a current sharing process. For a low disturbance energy, the conductor can reinstate its superconducting state. However for a large disturbance energy, irrecoverable quenching still occurs. The critical energy is referred to a maximum energy required to initiate quenching. The one-dimensional heat balance equation based on the assumption of uniform cross-sectional temperature distribution has been used to calculate the critical energy in previous studies. Cryogenic stability criterion and the Minimum Propagation Zone (MPZ) theory have been typical tools to analyze the stability of composite superconductors. The present study investigates the effect of non -uniform temperature distribution in a cross-section of a composite superconductor. Mathematical models of current sharing and Joule heat generation in the superconductor and the stabilizer are formulated. The transient solution by finite-difference method reveals the scenario of the behavior of the conductor, starting from the deposition of initial disturbance energy, current sharing, quenching, and possible recovery of superconductivity. The analytical solutions of the critical energies in the superconductor and the stabilizer are also obtained for special geometries, such as a tape/film superconductor sandwiched between two stabilizers, and a wire superconductor imbedded in a stabilizer. Based on the analytical calculation of the critical energies, a new stability criterion for the composite

  11. In silico optimization of critical currents in superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kimmel, Gregory; Sadovskyy, Ivan A.; Glatz, Andreas

    2017-07-01

    For many technological applications of superconductors the performance of a material is determined by the highest current it can carry losslessly-the critical current. In turn, the critical current can be controlled by adding nonsuperconducting defects in the superconductor matrix. Here we report on systematic comparison of different local and global optimization strategies to predict optimal structures of pinning centers leading to the highest possible critical currents. We demonstrate performance of these methods for a superconductor with randomly placed spherical, elliptical, and columnar defects.

  12. Search for and Study of Novel Superconductor with Higher Tc and Jc

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-22

    AFRL-AFOSR-VA-TR-2016-0025 SEARCH FOR AND STUDY OF NOVEL SUPERCONDUCTOR WITH HIGHER TC AND JC Ching-Wu Chu UNIVERSITY OF HOUSTON SYSTEM Final Report...SUBTITLE Search for and Study of Novel Superconductor with Higher Tc and Jc 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER FA9550-09-1-0656 5c. PROGRAM...NOTES 14. ABSTRACT The AFOSR support has enabled us to discover new superconductors with higher Tc, for science and potential new applications, or with

  13. Spin wave mediated interaction as a mechanism of pairs formation in iron-based superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lima, Leonardo S.

    2018-03-01

    The spin wave mediated interaction between electrons has been proposed as mechanism to formation of electron pairs in iron-based superconductors. We employe the diagrammatic expansion to calculate the binding energy of electrons pairs mediated by spin wave. Therefore, we propose the coupling of electrons in high-temperature superconductors mediated by spin waves, since that is well known that this class of superconductors materials if relates with spin-1/2 two-dimensional antiferromagnets, where it is well known there be an interplay between antiferromagnetism 2D and high-temperature superconductivity.

  14. Synthesis of highly phase pure (Bi, Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dorris, Stephen E.; Poeppel, Roger B.; Prorok, Barton C.; Lanagan, Michael T.; Maroni, Victor A.

    1994-01-01

    An article and method of manufacture of (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor. The superconductor is manufactured by preparing a first powdered mixture of bismuth oxide, lead oxide, strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate and copper oxide. A second powdered mixture is then prepared of strontium carbonate, calcium carbonate and copper oxide. The mixtures are calcined separately with the two mixtures then combined. The resulting combined mixture is then subjected to a powder in tube deformation and thermal processing to produce a substantially phase pure (Bi,Pb)-Sr-Ca-Cu-O superconductor.

  15. Iron-based superconductors: Current status of materials and pairing mechanism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosono, Hideo, E-mail: hosono@msl.titech.ac.jp [Materials and Structures Laboratory & Materials Research Center for Element Strategy, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama 226-8503 (Japan); Kuroki, Kazuhiko [Department of Physics, Graduate School of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560-0043 (Japan)

    2015-07-15

    Highlight: • An up-to-date review by the discoverer and a theoretical pioneer of iron-based superconductor. - Abstract: Since the discovery of high T{sub c} iron-based superconductors in early 2008, more than 15,000 papers have been published as a result of intensive research. This paper describes the current status of iron-based superconductors (IBSC) covering most up-to-date research progress along with the some background research, focusing on materials (bulk and thin film) and pairing mechanism.

  16. Evaluation of magnetic loss in a YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub x superconductor

    CERN Document Server

    Konishi, H; Futamura, M

    2003-01-01

    We measured the magnetic force between a YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub x (YBCO) superconductor and a Nd-Fe-B magnet while reciprocating the superconductor under the magnet. The magnetic force showed a hysteretic characteristic against the displacement of the superconductor. Magnetic loss calculated from the hysteresis curve decreased as the drive frequency increased. A mechanical model was used to analyze the characteristics of the magnetic loss. By adding the contribution of viscous force and repined flux lines to the mechanical model, we obtained good agreement between the analytical and experimental results. (author)

  17. Raman scattering of light and photoinduced control of the parameters of high temperature superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dovgii, Ia. O.; Kityk, I. V.; Lutsiv, R. V.; Malinich, S. Z.

    1992-01-01

    Results of a comprehensive study of changes in the parameters of high temperature superconductors induced by UV laser irradiation are reported. With reference to results obtained for YBa2Cu3O(6.2) specimens, the possibility of controlling the parameters of high temperature superconductors by exposing then to nitrogen laser radiation at the liquid helium temperature is demonstrated. Good correlation is obtained between structural parameters and Raman modes 115 and 505/cm, which opens the possibility of the remote monitoring of photostructural changes in high temperature superconductors.

  18. Crack problem for a bulk superconductor with nonsuperconducting inclusions under an electromagnetic force

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Xue

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the flux-pinning-induced elastic stress analysis considering the crack-inclusion interaction is carried out for a bulk superconductor in the magnetization process. A approximate model for the crack problem of a bulk superconductor with nonsuperconducting inclusions (particles dispersed in a superconducting matrix is described. The crack is simulated as a continuous distribution of edge dislocations in the solution procedure. The obtained results show that, the shear modulus, inclusion-crack size, inclusion-crack distance, and also the magnetic field have obvious effects on the stress intensity factors (SIFs at the crack tips of the superconductor.

  19. Parity violation effects in the Josephson junction of a p-wave superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belov, Nikolay A., E-mail: belov@mpi-hd.mpg.de; Harman, Zoltán

    2016-10-23

    The phenomenon of the parity violation due to weak interaction may be studied with superconducting systems. Previous research considered the case of conventional superconductors. We here theoretically investigate the parity violation effect in an unconventional p-wave ferromagnetic superconductor, and find that its magnitude can be increased by three orders of magnitude, as compared to results of earlier studies. For potential experimental observations, the superconductor UGe{sub 2} is suggested, together with the description of a possible experimental scheme allowing one to effectively measure and control the phenomenon. Furthermore, we put forward a setup for a further significant enhancement of the signature of parity violation in the system considered.

  20. Cloaking magnetic field and generating electric field with topological insulator and superconductor bi-layer sphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jin Xu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available When an electric field is applied on a topological insulator, not only the electric field is generated, but also the magnetic field is generated, vice versa. I designed topological insulator and superconductor bi-layer magnetic cloak, derived the electric field and magnetic field inside and outside the topological insulator and superconductor sphere. Simulation and calculation results show that the applied magnetic field is screened by the topological insulator and superconductor bi-layer, and the electric field is generated in the cloaked region.

  1. Quasiparticle lifetimes and tunneling times in a superconductor-insulator-superconductor tunnel junction with spatially inhomogeneous electrodes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Golubov, A. A.; Houwman, E. P.; Gijsbertsen, J. G.; Flokstra, J.; Rogalla, H.; Le Grand, J. B.; de Korte, P. A. J.

    1994-05-01

    The low-energy quasiparticle scattering and recombination lifetimes for a proximity sandwich of two superconductors S and S' with different bulk energy gaps, are calculated as a function of the spatial coordinate and temperature. The spatial dependence of the order parameter and density of states are calculated on the basis of a microscopic model of the proximity effect, based on the Usadel equations, for dirty superconductors in thermal equilibrium. A zero boundary resistance between S and S' and a Boltzmann-like energy distribution of the excess quasiparticles are assumed. In the case of a small diffusion time constant an effective quasiparticle relaxation rate into and excitation rate out of the reduced gap region in the SS' sandwich are obtained as a function of (finite, but low) temperature and strength of the proximity effect, determined by the parameter γm, by averaging over the energies and positions of the quasiparticles. In the same way effective tunneling times for electrons and holes tunneling out of the trap in the SS' sandwich to the other electrode of an SS'IS''S junction are determined as a function of temperature, voltage, and γm.

  2. Electronic evidence of an insulator–superconductor crossover in single-layer FeSe/SrTiO3 films

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Junfeng; Liu, Xu; Zhang, Wenhao; Zhao, Lin; Liu, Defa; He, Shaolong; Mou, Daixiang; Li, Fangsen; Tang, Chenjia; Li, Zhi; Wang, Lili; Peng, Yingying; Liu, Yan; Chen, Chaoyu; Yu, Li; Liu, Guodong; Dong, Xiaoli; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Chuangtian; Xu, Zuyan; Chen, Xi; Ma, Xucun; Xue, Qikun; Zhou, X. J.

    2014-01-01

    In high-temperature cuprate superconductors, it is now generally agreed that superconductivity is realized by doping an antiferromagnetic Mott (charge transfer) insulator. The doping-induced insulator-to-superconductor transition has been widely observed in cuprates, which provides important information for understanding the superconductivity mechanism. In the iron-based superconductors, however, the parent compound is mostly antiferromagnetic bad metal, raising a debate on whether an appropriate starting point should go with an itinerant picture or a localized picture. No evidence of doping-induced insulator–superconductor transition (or crossover) has been reported in the iron-based compounds so far. Here, we report an electronic evidence of an insulator–superconductor crossover observed in the single-layer FeSe film grown on a SrTiO3 substrate. By taking angle-resolved photoemission measurements on the electronic structure and energy gap, we have identified a clear evolution of an insulator to a superconductor with increasing carrier concentration. In particular, the insulator–superconductor crossover in FeSe/SrTiO3 film exhibits similar behaviors to that observed in the cuprate superconductors. Our results suggest that the observed insulator–superconductor crossover may be associated with the two-dimensionality that enhances electron localization or correlation. The reduced dimensionality and the interfacial effect provide a new pathway in searching for new phenomena and novel superconductors with a high transition temperature. PMID:25502774

  3. Electronic evidence of an insulator-superconductor crossover in single-layer FeSe/SrTiO3 films.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Junfeng; Liu, Xu; Zhang, Wenhao; Zhao, Lin; Liu, Defa; He, Shaolong; Mou, Daixiang; Li, Fangsen; Tang, Chenjia; Li, Zhi; Wang, Lili; Peng, Yingying; Liu, Yan; Chen, Chaoyu; Yu, Li; Liu, Guodong; Dong, Xiaoli; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Chuangtian; Xu, Zuyan; Chen, Xi; Ma, Xucun; Xue, Qikun; Zhou, X J

    2014-12-30

    In high-temperature cuprate superconductors, it is now generally agreed that superconductivity is realized by doping an antiferromagnetic Mott (charge transfer) insulator. The doping-induced insulator-to-superconductor transition has been widely observed in cuprates, which provides important information for understanding the superconductivity mechanism. In the iron-based superconductors, however, the parent compound is mostly antiferromagnetic bad metal, raising a debate on whether an appropriate starting point should go with an itinerant picture or a localized picture. No evidence of doping-induced insulator-superconductor transition (or crossover) has been reported in the iron-based compounds so far. Here, we report an electronic evidence of an insulator-superconductor crossover observed in the single-layer FeSe film grown on a SrTiO3 substrate. By taking angle-resolved photoemission measurements on the electronic structure and energy gap, we have identified a clear evolution of an insulator to a superconductor with increasing carrier concentration. In particular, the insulator-superconductor crossover in FeSe/SrTiO3 film exhibits similar behaviors to that observed in the cuprate superconductors. Our results suggest that the observed insulator-superconductor crossover may be associated with the two-dimensionality that enhances electron localization or correlation. The reduced dimensionality and the interfacial effect provide a new pathway in searching for new phenomena and novel superconductors with a high transition temperature.

  4. Two decades on[Research into high-temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durrani, M. [Physics World (United Kingdom)

    2006-04-15

    Research into high-temperature superconductors should focus on experiment, not theory. While the world looked on in horror at the events unfolding at the Chernobyl nuclear-power plant in the Soviet Union 20 years ago this month, another significant - but far less reported - development in the world of physics had just taken place. On 17 April 1986 a short paper by Georg Bednorz and Alexander Mueller arrived at the offices of Zeitschrift fuer Physik in Heidelberg, Germany. The two physicists, based at IBM's Zurich Research Laboratory in Switzerland, announced they had made a material from barium, lanthanum, copper and oxygen that could conduct electricity without resistance when cooled below a transition temperature, T{sub c}, of about 30 K. It was the world's first 'high-temperature' superconductor. Driven by the dream of materials that can superconduct at room temperature, experimentalists scurried back to their labs. Within a year, a T{sub c} of 90 K in another material had been reported and by October 1987 Bednorz and Mueller had been crowned with a Nobel prize. While papers on high-temperature superconductivity have continued to stream out since those heady days, progress has been slower than expected. Applications like levitating trains and resistance-free power cables are only now starting to come to market. Scientists have been unable to make superconducting wires that work much above 130 K, while a reliable theory of high-temperature superconductivity remains elusive. Even if we had such a theory, it is not clear that it would predict which materials might superconduct at room temperature. After all, the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory, which explains the behaviour of low-temperature superconductors with admirable success, said nothing about the superconducting properties of Bednorz and Mueller's copper-oxide ceramics. What successes there have been over the last 20 years - such as the recent discoveries that iron, single crystals

  5. High-Temperature Superconductors as Electromagnetic Deployment and Support Structures in Spacecraft Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This technique uses the magnetic fields from current passing through coils of high-temperature superconductors (HTSs) to support spacecraft structures and deploy...

  6. Levitation of YBa2Cu3O(7-x) superconductor in a variable magnetic field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Terentiev, Alexander N.; Kuznetsov, Anatoliy A.

    1992-01-01

    The influence of both a linear alternating and rotational magnetic field component on the levitation behavior of a YBa2Cu3O(7-x) superconductor was examined. The transition from a plastic regime of levitation to an elastic one, induced by an alternating field component, was observed. An elastic regime in contrast to a plastic one is characterized by the unique position of stable levitation and field frequency dependence of relaxation time to this position. It was concluded that the vibrations of a magnet levitated above the superconductor can induce a transition from a plastic regime of levitation to an elastic one. It was found that a rotational magnetic field component induced rotations of a levitated superconductor. Rotational frictional motion of flux lines is likely to be an origin of torque developed. A prototype of a motor based on a levitated superconductor rotor is proposed.

  7. The interaction between the permanent magnet and ceramic superconductor with organic filler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woźny, L.; Kisiel, A.; Garbera, A.

    2016-02-01

    The aim of the study was to examine the phenomenon of magnetic levitation for YBaCuO superconducting samples in pure form and with epoxy resin content of 40%. Samples of superconductors were prepared by the standard reaction in the solid state. The forces of interaction between the superconductor and neodymium permanent magnet were measured. Samples with epoxy resin fillers had significantly smaller levitation force than the sample of the sintered superconductors. This is due to a much lower content of pure superconducting material in the sample volume (about 60% of the YBaCuO). However, the obvious advantage of such samples is the possibility of preparation superconductors with complicated shapes, eg. for use in a superconducting bearings or other devices.

  8. A new method of determining the reversible magnetization loop of bulk high-temperature superconductors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ermolaev, YS; Rudnev, IA

    2004-01-01

    A new method of calculation of the magnetization loop of bulk high-temperature superconductors is proposed which employs the results of measurements of the magnetic levitation force. (C) 2004 MAIK "Nauka / Interperiodica".

  9. Preparation of YBCO superconductor nanoparticles by sol-gel combustion method

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    M Farbod; M Tayeb Taher; I Kazeminezhad

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes the details of synthesizing nano crystalline YBCO superconductor using a sol-gel combustion method and the effect of sol pH and sintering temperature on particle size was investigated...

  10. Enhancement of superconducting critical current by injection of quasiparticles in superconductor semiconductor devices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kutchinsky, Jonatan; Taboryski, Rafael Jozef; Sørensen, C. B.

    2000-01-01

    We report new measurements on 3-terminal superconductor semiconductor injection devices, demonstrating enhancement of the supercurrent by injection from a superconducting injector electrode. Two other electrodes were used as detectors. Applying a small voltage to the injector, reduced the maximum...

  11. Effects of backreaction on power-Maxwell holographic superconductors in Gauss-Bonnet gravity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salahi, Hamid Reza; Montakhab, Afshin [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sheykhi, Ahmad [Shiraz University, Physics Department and Biruni Observatory, College of Sciences, Shiraz (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Research Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics of Maragha (RIAAM), P.O. Box 55134-441, Maragha (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-10-15

    We analytically and numerically investigate the properties of s-wave holographic superconductors by considering the effects of scalar and gauge fields on the background geometry in five-dimensional Einstein-Gauss-Bonnet gravity. We assume the gauge field to be in the form of the power-Maxwell nonlinear electrodynamics. We employ the Sturm-Liouville eigenvalue problem for analytical calculation of the critical temperature and the shooting method for the numerical investigation. Our numerical and analytical results indicate that higher curvature corrections affect condensation of the holographic superconductors with backreaction. We observe that the backreaction can decrease the critical temperature of the holographic superconductors, while the power-Maxwell electrodynamics and Gauss-Bonnet coefficient term may increase the critical temperature of the holographic superconductors. We find that the critical exponent has the mean-field value β = 1/2, regardless of the values of Gauss-Bonnet coefficient, backreaction and power-Maxwell parameters. (orig.)

  12. Creation of the best performance high-$T_{c}$ superconductor based on Cu-1234

    CERN Document Server

    Ihara, H; Iyo, A; Kito, H; Terada, N; Tokumoto, M; Ishida, K; Sekita, Y; Yamamoto, H; Hayashi, H; Khan, N A; Sundaresan, A; Nie, J; Harashima, E; Ishiura, Y; Tateai, F; Kawamura, M

    1999-01-01

    The purpose of this project is to create the best performance superconductor on the basis of our original Cu-1234 (CuBa/sub 2/Ca /sub 3/Cu/sub 4/O/sub 12-y/) superconductor. Its best performance superconductor will be realized by the modification of superconducting wave function (MSWF) and application of new preparation techniques of thin films. The MSWF leads to the enhancement of coherence length along the c-axis and transformation from d-wave to (d+is)-wave, and then low superconducting anisotropy. The thin film techniques are APE (amorphous phase epitaxy) method and SAE (self assembling epitaxy) method by using a structure stabilizer such as Tl. The best superconductor with long coherence length, low anisotropy, high T/sub c/, high J/sub c/ and high H/sub irr/ will be realized for wire and Josephson junctions and microwave device application at 77 K. (16 refs).

  13. Improvement of the mechanical properties of bulk superconductors; Jushiganshin niyoru baruku chodendotai no kikaitekitokusei no kaizen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tomita, M; Murakami, M [Superconductivity Research Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan)

    1999-11-25

    Large single-grain bulk rare earth element (RE)-Ba-Cu-O superconductors can trip large fields exceeding several teslas and thus can function as very strong quasi-permanent magnets. However, the maximum trapped field is essentially limited by the mechanical strength of the bulk superconductors. The stress produced by refrigeration sometimes causes cracking. A large electromagnetic force also acts on superconductors when they trap large magnetic fields, and this occasionally leads to device failure. We have recently found that epoxy resin can penetrate into bulk superconductors under certain conditions. Microstructural observation revealed that microcracks as well as porosities can be impregnated with epoxy resin, which greatly improves the mechanical properties of bulk RE-Ba-Cu-O and thus results in the improvement of field trapping capability. (author)

  14. Fluctuations in the electron system of a superconductor exposed to a photon flux

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Visser, P.J.; Baselmans, J.J.A.; Bueno, J.; Llombart, N.; Klapwijk, T.M.

    2014-01-01

    In a superconductor, in which electrons are paired, the density of unpaired electrons should become zero when approaching zero temperature. Therefore, radiation detectors based on breaking of pairs promise supreme sensitivity, which we demonstrate using an aluminium superconducting microwave

  15. Surface State Tunneling Signatures in the Two-Component Superconductor UPt_{3}.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambert, Fabian; Akbari, Alireza; Thalmeier, Peter; Eremin, Ilya

    2017-02-24

    Quasiparticle interference (QPI) imaging of Bogoliubov excitations in quasi-two-dimensional unconventional superconductors has become a powerful technique for measuring the superconducting gap and its symmetry. Here, we present the extension of this method to three-dimensional superconductors and analyze the expected QPI spectrum for the two-component heavy-fermion superconductor UPt_{3} whose gap structure is still controversial. Starting from a 3D electronic structure and the three proposed chiral gap models E_{1g,u} or E_{2u}, we perform a slab calculation that simultaneously gives extended bulk states and topologically protected in-gap dispersionless surface states. We show that the number of Weyl arcs and their hybridization with the line node provides a fingerprint that may finally determine the true nodal structure of the UPt_{3} superconductor.

  16. Negative-resistance voltage-current characteristics of superconductor contact junctions for macro-scale applications

    CERN Document Server

    Takayasu, M; Minervini, J V; 10.1109/TASC.2003.812854

    2003-01-01

    Voltage-current characteristics of mechanical pressure contact junctions between superconducting wires are investigated using a voltage-driving method. It is found that the switching regions at low voltages result from negative resistance of the contact junction. The current transport of the contact junctions is discussed from the perspective of two existing models: the multiple Andreev reflections at the two SN interfaces of a SNS (Superconductor/Normal metal /Superconductor) junction and the inhomogeneous multiple Josephson weak-link array. (13 refs).

  17. Bearing design for flywheel energy storage using high-TC superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hull, John R.; Mulcahy, Thomas M.

    2000-01-01

    A high temperature superconductor material bearing system (38) This system (38) includes a rotor (50) having a ring permanent magnet (60), a plurality of permanent magnets (16, 20 and 70) for interacting to generate levitation forces for the system (38). This group of magnets are a push/pull bearing (75). A high temperature superconductor structure (30) interacts with the ting permanent magnet (60) to provide stabilizing forces for the system (38).

  18. The Effect of Twins on Critical Currents of High Tc Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    Currents of High Tc Superconductors " - A.M. Campbell and M.F. Ashby The initial work on levitation forces and separation of superconducting powders has...divided into two projects which are being pursued simultaneously. .The first is the nature of the frictional forces and damping oii levitated magnets...Although it is reasonable to suppose this arises from AC losses in the superconductor , magnets rotating about their centre of symmetry should not give

  19. Chalcogenide superconductors -- a search. Final report, 1 July 1993-31 March 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laquer, H.L.

    1994-07-22

    Experimental and theoretical evidence and arguments are presented to justify a search for new superconductors, similar to the perovskite-based high temperature superconductors, but with the oxygen replaced by a chalcogen, that is sulfur, selenium or tellurium. Candidate compositions are proposed, together with methods of achieving their chemical synthesis. Safety and environmental issues were also analyzed. The work was performed as part of a Phase 1 SBIR project, sponsored by SDIO (BMDO) and managed by AFOSR.

  20. High critical temperature nodal superconductors as building block for time-reversal invariant topological superconductivity

    OpenAIRE

    Trani, Fabio; Campagnano, Gabriele; Tagliacozzo, Arturo; Lucignano, Procolo

    2016-01-01

    We study possible applications of high critical temperature nodal superconductors for the search for Majorana bound states in the DIII class. We propose a microscopic analysis of the proximity effect induced by d-wave superconductors on a semiconductor wire with strong spin-orbit coupling. We characterize the induced superconductivity on the wire employing a numerical self-consistent tight-binding Bogoliubov-de Gennes approach, and analytical considerations on the Green's function. The order ...

  1. Quasiparticle excitations in newly discovered antiperovskite superconductor ZnNNi{sub 3}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ohishi, Kazuki, E-mail: kazuki.ohishi@riken.j [Advanced Meson Science Laboratory, Nishina Center for Accelerator-Based Science, RIKEN, Wako 351-0198 (Japan); Ito, Takashi U.; Higemoto, Wataru [Advanced Science Research Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Ibaraki 319-1195 (Japan); Yamazaki, Takahiro; Uehara, Akira; Kozawa, Katsuya; Kimishima, Yoshihide; Uehara, Masatomo [Department of Physics, Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Yokohama 240-8501 (Japan)

    2010-12-15

    We report on transverse field muon spin rotation measurements of the superconducting penetration depth {lambda} in newly discovered antiperovskite superconductor ZnNNi{sub 3} in order to investigate the symmetry of order parameter. The penetration depth at T = 0 K is estimated to be {lambda}(0) 362(2) nm. Temperature dependence of muon spin relaxation rate {sigma}{sub v} shows {approx}T{sup 2} dependence, suggesting unconventional superconductor.

  2. Practical superconductor development for electrical power applications quarterly report for the period ending December 31, 1997.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-02-12

    This is a multiyear experimental research program focused on improving relevant material properties of high-T{sub c} superconductors and on development of fabrication methods that can be transferred to industry for production of commercial conductors. The development of teaming relationships through agreements with industrial partners is a key element of this program. Recent work on microstructural development and current distribution in Bi-2223 powder-in-tube tapes and a novel application for high-temperature superconductors are discussed.

  3. Heat transport and electron cooling in ballistic normal-metal/spin-filter/superconductor junctions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawabata, Shiro, E-mail: s-kawabata@aist.go.jp [Electronics and Photonics Research Institute (ESPRIT), National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8568 (Japan); Vasenko, Andrey S. [LPMMC, Université Joseph Fourier and CNRS, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 166, 38042 Grenoble (France); Ozaeta, Asier [Centro de Física de Materiales (CFM-MPC), Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHU, Manuel de Lardizabal 5, E-20018 San Sebastián (Spain); Bergeret, Sebastian F. [Centro de Física de Materiales (CFM-MPC), Centro Mixto CSIC-UPV/EHU, Manuel de Lardizabal 5, E-20018 San Sebastián (Spain); Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), Manuel de Lardizabal 5, E-20018 San Sebastián (Spain); Hekking, Frank W.J. [LPMMC, Université Joseph Fourier and CNRS, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 166, 38042 Grenoble (France)

    2015-06-01

    We investigate electron cooling based on a clean normal-metal/spin-filter/superconductor junction. Due to the suppression of the Andreev reflection by the spin-filter effect, the cooling power of the system is found to be extremely higher than that for conventional normal-metal/nonmagnetic-insulator/superconductor coolers. Therefore we can extract large amount of heat from normal metals. Our results strongly indicate the practical usefulness of the spin-filter effect for cooling detectors, sensors, and quantum bits.

  4. Dirac fermions and conductance oscillations in s- and d-wave superconductor-graphene junctions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linder, J; Sudbø, A

    2007-10-05

    We investigate quantum transport in a normal-superconductor graphene heterostructure, including the possibility of an anisotropic pairing potential in the superconducting region. We find that under certain circumstances, the conductance displays an undamped, oscillatory behavior as a function of applied bias voltage. Also, we investigate how the conductance spectra are affected by a d-wave pairing symmetry. These results combine unusual features of the electronic structure of graphene with the unconventional pairing symmetry found for instance in high-Tc superconductors.

  5. Plasma resonance and flux dynamics in layered high-Tc superconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Niels Falsig; Sakai, S.

    2000-01-01

    Flux dynamics of layered high Tc superconductors are considered with special emphasis on the small oscillation modes. In particular we find the dispersion relation for the plasma modes and discuss the spectra to be observed in microwave experiments.......Flux dynamics of layered high Tc superconductors are considered with special emphasis on the small oscillation modes. In particular we find the dispersion relation for the plasma modes and discuss the spectra to be observed in microwave experiments....

  6. Proximity effect in ballistic superconductor-ferromagnet structures with spin-orbit coupling

    OpenAIRE

    Simensen, Haakon Thømt

    2017-01-01

    The Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations have been solved numerically for a number of two-dimensional ballistic proximity structures comprised of superconductors, normal metals and ferromagnets, with both interfacial and in-plane spin-orbit coupling. These results have been compared to results obtained for similar structures in the absence of spin-orbit coupling. The results show that spin-orbit coupling in general enhances superconductivity in ferromagnet-superconductor-structures, and causes the ...

  7. Holographic P -wave superconductors in 1 +1 dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alkac, Gokhan; Chakrabortty, Shankhadeep; Chaturvedi, Pankaj

    2017-10-01

    We study (1 +1 )-dimensional P -wave holographic superconductors described by three- dimensional Einstein-Maxwell gravity coupled to a massive complex vector field in the context of AdS3/CFT2 correspondence. In the probe limit, where the backreaction of matter fields is neglected, we show that there is a formation of a vector hair around the black hole below a certain critical temperature. In the dual strongly coupled (1 +1 )-dimensional boundary theory, this holographically corresponds to the formation of a charged vector condensate which breaks spontaneously both the U (1 ) and S O (1 ,1 ) symmetries. We numerically compute both the free energy and the ac conductivity for the superconducting phase of the boundary field theory. Our numerical computations clearly establish that the superconducting phase of the boundary theory is favorable to the normal phase, and the presence of a magnetic moment term in the dual bulk theory effects the conductivity in the boundary field theory.

  8. High temperature superconductors for fusion at the Swiss Plasma Center

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruzzone, P.; Wesche, R.; Uglietti, D.; Bykovsky, N.

    2017-08-01

    High temperature superconductors (HTS) may become in future an option for the superconducting magnets of commercial fusion plants. At the Swiss Plasma Center (SPC) the R&D activity toward HTS high current, high field cables suitable for fusion magnets started in 2012 and led in 2015 to the assembly of the first 60 kA, 12 T prototype conductor. The cable concept developed at the SPC is based on the principle of ‘soldered, twisted stacks’ of REBCO tapes. The required number of stacks is assembled in a cored flat cable, cooled by forced flow of supercritical helium. The sample environment of the test facility at SPC has been upgraded with a HTS adapter and a counter-flow heat exchanger to allow testing the HTS sample in a broader range of temperature (4.5 K-50 K) using the existing, NbTi based superconducting transformer and the closed loop refrigerator.

  9. The Potential to Machine Superconductors with Electrochemical Machining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leese, Rebecca J.; Ivanov, Atanas; Babu-Nadendla, Hari

    2016-01-01

    Superconductors (SCs), such as gadolinium barium copper oxide, are brittle ceramics which are very difficult to machine conventionally due to the easy propagation of cracks. The cracks formed during conventional machining destroy the superconductive properties of the material. As a result a new method to machine ceramic SCs is needed. In this paper, polarization experiments were conducted in various nonaqueous salt electrolytes to determine whether electrochemical machining (ECM) is a suitable method for machining gadolinium barium copper oxide with silver inclusions (GdBCO-Ag) for the first time. Sodium chloride in formic acid proved to be the best electrolyte for this application with higher dissolution rates and achieving a better surface finish. It was noted that GdBCO-Ag dissolved at higher rates in NaCl in formic acid than in other salt-solvent systems.

  10. Infinite-randomness criticality in disordered metals and superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vojta, Thomas

    2012-02-01

    Quantum phase transitions in disordered systems often display unconventional behavior which is dominated by rare strongly coupled spatial regions. In this talk, we investigate magnetic and superconducting quantum phase transitions in disordered metallic systems. We develop a strong-disorder renormalization group method that accounts for both quenched disorder and the dissipation of the critical modes due to the Fermi sea. We find that the quantum phase transition in Heisenberg anti-ferromagnets and the pair-breaking superconductor-metal transition are both governed by non-perturbative infinite-randomness critical points. Even stronger disorder effects arise for metallic magnets with Ising spin symmetry in which the quantum phase transition is completely destroyed by smearing. We determine thermodynamic and transport properties at these transitions and in the associated quantum Griffiths phases. We also discuss the current status of experimental observations of these exotic disorder phenomena in a variety of systems including transition metal compounds, heavy-fermion systems, and superconducting nanowires.

  11. Doping dependence of fluctuation diamagnetism in high Tc superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, Kingshuk; Banerjee, Sumilan; Mukerjee, Subroto; Ramakrishnan, T. V.

    2016-02-01

    Using a recently proposed Ginzburg-Landau-like lattice free energy functional due to Banerjee et al. (2011) we calculate the fluctuation diamagnetism of high-Tc superconductors as a function of doping, magnetic field and temperature. We analyse the pairing fluctuations above the superconducting transition temperature in the cuprates, ranging from the strong phase fluctuation dominated underdoped limit to the more conventional amplitude fluctuation dominated overdoped regime. We show that a model where the pairing scale increases and the superfluid density decreases with underdoping produces features of the observed magnetization in the pseudogap region, in good qualitative and reasonable quantitative agreement with the experimental data. In particular, we explicitly show that even when the pseudogap has a pairing origin the magnetization actually tracks the superconducting dome instead of the pseudogap temperature, as seen in experiment. We discuss the doping dependence of the 'onset' temperature for fluctuation diamagnetism and comment on the role of vortex core-energy in our model.

  12. Superconductor-semiconductor interaction effects in mesoscopic hybrid structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, F.; Thornton, T. J.; Huber, R.; Cohen, L. F.; Yuen, W. T.; Stradling, R. A.

    1996-11-01

    We have studied transport in mesoscopic superconductor-semiconductor hybrid structures consisting of two-dimensional arrays of micrometer-sized niobium dots deposited on high-mobility InAs:GaSb quantum wells. The grating arrays were designed to have a dot size and spacing of 3, 1.5, and 1 μm, so as to be smaller than the electron mean free path of ~5 μm. At low temperatures all the structures show clear evidence of Andreev reflection while the two smaller period samples also exhibit a proximity-induced superconducting phase. We present measurements of the differential resistance at different temperatures and magnetic fields. For fields greater than 0.3 T, different features are observed in the differential resistance which we attribute to nonuniform flux penetration around the superconducting dots.

  13. SQCRAMscope imaging of transport in an iron-pnictide superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Fan; Kollar, Alicia; Taylor, Stephen; Palmstrom, Johanna; Chu, Jiun-Haw; Fisher, Ian; Lev, Benjamin

    2017-04-01

    Microscopic imaging of local magnetic fields provides a window into the organizing principles of complex and technologically relevant condensed matter materials. However, a wide variety of intriguing strongly correlated and topologically nontrivial materials exhibit poorly understood phenomena outside the detection capability of state-of-the-art high-sensitivity, high-resolution scanning probe magnetometers. We have recently introduced a quantum-noise-limited scanning probe magnetometer that can operate from room-to-cryogenic temperatures with unprecedented DC-field sensitivity and micron-scale resolution. The Scanning Quantum Cryogenic Atom Microscope (SQCRAMscope) employs a magnetically levitated atomic Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), thereby providing immunity to conductive and blackbody radiative heating. We will report on the first use of the SQCRAMscope for imaging a strongly correlated material. Specifically, we will present measurements of electron transport in iron-pnictide superconductors across the electron nematic phase transition at T = 135 K.

  14. Potential impact of high temperature superconductors on maglev transportation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, J.R.

    1992-02-01

    This report describes the potential impact that high-temperature superconductors (HTSs) may have on transportation by magnetically levitated vehicles. It is not intended as a planning document, but rather as an overview of potential HTS applications to magnetic-levitation (maglev) transportation. The present maglev program in the United States is summarized, and the present status of development of HTSs is described. Areas identified for possible impact on maglev technology are (1) liquid-nitrogen-cooled levitation magnets, (2) magnetic-field shielding of the passenger compartment, (3) superconducting magnetic energy storage for wayside power, (4) superconducting bearings for flywheel energy storage for wayside power, (5) downleads to continuously powered liquid-helium-cooled levitation magnets, and (6) liquid-hydrogen-cooled levitation magnets and linear motor propulsion windings. Major technical issues that remain to be resolved for the use of HTSs in maglev applications include thermal magnetic stability, mechanical properties, and critical current density at liquid-nitrogen temperatures.

  15. Noise Equivalent Power of Graphene-Superconductor-Based Optical Sensor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghda, B. Afkhami; Moftakharzadeh, A.; Hosseini, M.

    In this paper, the noise equivalent power (NEP) of optical sensors based on graphene-superconductor junctions in the voltage bias operation mode has been calculated. The effects of device parameters such as temperature, magnetic field and device resistance on the NEP of these detectors have been thoroughly investigated. By solving the related equations, graphene specific heat, thermal conductivity, electron-phonon interaction and responsivity of the detector have been obtained. Using the calculated parameters, the NEP of the device was obtained. The results show that at constant magnetic field the NEP will increase linearly by increasing device temperature. On the other hand, at constant temperature the behavior of NEP versus magnetic field is first increasing and then decreasing. Our calculations show that the optimal resistance of the device has a direct relation with respect to the device temperature, while in the investigated operating range the optimal resistance of device is almost independent of the magnetic field.

  16. Composite Topological Excitations in Ferromagnet-Superconductor Heterostructures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hals, Kjetil M. D.; Schecter, Michael; Rudner, Mark S.

    2016-07-01

    We investigate the formation of a new type of composite topological excitation—the Skyrmion-vortex pair (SVP)—in hybrid systems consisting of coupled ferromagnetic and superconducting layers. Spin-orbit interaction in the superconductor mediates a magnetoelectric coupling between the vortex and the Skyrmion, with a sign (attractive or repulsive) that depends on the topological indices of the constituents. We determine the conditions under which a bound SVP is formed and characterize the range and depth of the effective binding potential through analytical estimates and numerical simulations. Furthermore, we develop a semiclassical description of the coupled Skyrmion-vortex dynamics and discuss how SVPs can be controlled by applied spin currents.

  17. Thermal properties of a ferromagnetic superconductor UGe{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tateiwa, Naoyuki [Osaka Univ., Graduate School of Engineering Science, Suita, Osaka (Japan); Kobayashi, Tatsuo C.; Amaya, Kichi [Osaka Univ., Research Center for Materials Science at Extreme Conditions, Toyonaka, Osaka (Japan); Haga, Yoshinori [Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokai, Ibaraki (Japan). Tokai Research Establishment; Settai, Rikio; Onuki, Yoshichika [Osaka Univ., Graduate School of Science, Toyonaka, Osaka (Japan)

    2002-11-01

    Thermal properties of a ferromagnetic superconductor UGe{sub 2} were investigated by the heat capacity measurements. The bulk nature of the superconductivity was confirmed by the observation of a peak in the heat capacity at the superconducting transition temperature T{sub SC}. From the pressure dependence of the linear heat capacity coefficient {gamma}, it is suggested that the low energy magnetic excitation near the critical point P{sub C}{sup *}, where T* becomes 0 K, might play an important role on the superconductivity. The pressure dependence of the superconducting peak and the temperature dependence of C/T above T{sub SC} suggest that the order parameter of the superconducting state might be different between the phases below and above P{sub C}{sup *}. (author)

  18. High current test facility for superconductors at Saclay

    CERN Document Server

    Berriaud, C; Vieillard, L

    2001-01-01

    A high DC current (100 kA-design) test facility for superconducting material is under realisation. Aluminum stabilised conductor (as for LHC detectors) can be tested Including the stabiliser in a 4.75 T dipole field of 0.8 m length which can be rotated in both cable perpendicular directions. A superconductor transformer creates the high current with a primary current from -200 A to +200 A. The output power useable is 25 kJ so that junctions between cables or conductors can be measured at high current. Samples, with a cross sections up to 12 mm*30 mm, were 0.8 m long and were equipped with soldered cables of 0.4 m length at both ends. To test different samples without warming the dipole magnet, samples are placed in a separate dewar. The conception design is described and the first results without external dipole magnetic field are reported. (9 refs).

  19. Measured losses in superconductor magnets for 60-Hertz ac operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamlet, I. L.; Kilgore, R. A.

    1971-01-01

    Results of an experimental study of electrical losses in superconductor magnets. Preliminary 60-Hz ac loss data are presented for coils constructed of Nb3Sn ribbon, Nb-Ti cable, and multifilament Nb-Ti. Losses have been measured for different size coils up to approximately 20 cm in diameter. Of the conductor types tested, Nb3Sn ribbon has the lowest losses for ac operation. In Nb3Sn-ribbon coils of different sizes, the loss per unit length of conductor is shown to decrease with a decrease in the rate of change of current and to increase, in general, with increase in coil size. An important aspect of the study is the high degree of repeatability of the data.

  20. International Discussion Meeting on High-Tc Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    1988-01-01

    In the past two years conferences on superconductivity have been characterized by the attendance of hundreds of scientists. Consequently, the organizers were forced to schedule numerous parallel sessions and poster presentations with an almost unsurveyable amount of information. It was, therefore, felt that a more informal get-together, providing ample time for a thourough discussion of some topics of current interest in high-temperature superconductivity, was timely and benefitial for leading scientists as well as for newcomers in the field. The present volume contains the majority of papers presented at the International Discussion Meeting on High-Tc Superconductors held at the Mauterndorf Castle in the Austrian Alps from February 7 to 11, 1988. Each subject was introduced in review form by a few invited speakers and then discussed together with the contributed poster presentations. These discussion sessions chaired by selected scientists turned out to be the highlights of the meeting, not only because all ...

  1. The Origin of Tc Enhancement in Heterostructure Cuprate Superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doron L. Bergman

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Recent experiments on heterostructures composed of two or more films of cuprate superconductors of different oxygen doping levels have shown a remarkable Tc enhancement (up to 50% relative to single compound films. We provide a simple explanation of the enhancement which arises naturally from a collection of experimental works. We show that the enhancement could be caused by a structural change in the lattice, namely an increase in the distance of the apical oxygen from the copper-oxygen plane. This increase modifies the effective off-site interaction in the plane which in turn enhances the d-wave superconductivity order parameter. To illustrate this point we study the extended Hubbard model using the fluctuation exchange approximation.

  2. Microstructure and Properties of High-Temperature Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Parinov, I A

    2012-01-01

    The main features of high-temperature superconductors (HTSC) that define their properties are intrinsic brittleness of oxide cuprates, the layered anisotropic structure and the supershort coherence length. Taking into account these features, this treatise presents research into HTSC microstructure and properties, and also explores the possibilities of optimization of the preparation techniques and superconducting compositions. The "composition-technique-experiment-theory-model," employed here, assumes considerable HTSC defectiveness and structure heterogeneity and helps to draw a comprehensive picture of modern representations of the microstructure, strength and the related structure-sensitive properties of the materials considered. Special attention is devoted to the Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-O and Y-Ba-Cu-O families, which currently offer the most promising applications. Including a great number of illustrations and references, this monograph addresses students, post-graduate students and specialists, taking part in the ...

  3. Anisotropy included in a nanoscale superconductor: Theoretical development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaona, O. J.; González, J. D.; Beltrán, J. R.

    2017-12-01

    A theoretical procedure to obtain the Ginzburg-Landau (GL) equations with the inclusion of localized anisotropy in the superconducting sample is shown. Using this theory, it is possible to study the vortex structures in two-dimensional mesoscopic superconductors with defects in the presence of a uniform magnetic field. The defects would be included through variation of parameter γ(x, y, z) considering different shapes into the sample. This theory would allow to find unconventional vortex states which can show vortex clusters or exhibiting asymmetry. In samples with defects the vortex strings are formed owing to the interactions of vortices with variable Meissner currents through the sample due to spatial change of the anisotropy, but also the thermodynamics parameters of the superconducting sample could be determined as a function of the degree of the anisotropy generated in the defect.

  4. Heat capacity measurements on high T sub c superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Oezcan, S

    1998-01-01

    temperature interval. The phase transition jump increases with the increasing of oxygen amount in the CuO sub 2 layers. The hight of the jump is varying from 1.5% to 3.5% of the total specific heat which is the nature of the bulk superconductivity. The small coherence length increases fluctuation effects and also causes the dependence of superconducting properties on structural defects. The fluctuation effects on the heat capacity of YBCO is investigated on the sample that shows clear superconducting properties. In this work, a heat capacity measurement system which has high sensitivity and reproducibility designed and constructed. The investigation of the effect of oxygen stoichiometry on the superconducting properties of high T sub c superconductors was aimed. For this purpose electrical resistivity, magnetic susceptibility and heat capacity experiment were performed. The constructed system is a computerized adiabatic calorimeter which has temperature resolution of about 0.1 mk and operates in the temperatu...

  5. Optical fiber distributed sensing for high temperature superconductor magnets

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scurti, Federico; Schwartz, Justin

    2017-04-01

    Over the last two decades, high temperature superconductors (HTS) have achieved performance and technical maturity that make them an enabling technology or an attractive solution for a number of applications like electric motors and generators, particle accelerators and fusion magnets. One of the remaining challenges that hinders a wide use of HTS and needs to be solved is quench detection, since conventional voltage based quench detection puts HTS magnets at risk. In this work we have developed and experimentally investigated the application of Rayleigh-backscattering interrogated optical fibers (RIOF) to the detection of normal zones in superconducting magnets. Different ways to integrate optical fibers into magnets are explored and the earlier detection of RIOF compared to voltage is demonstrated.

  6. Proximity effect in normal-superconductor hybrids for quasiparticle traps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hosseinkhani, Amin [Peter Grunberg Institute (PGI-2), Forschungszentrum Julich, D-52425 Julich (Germany); JARA-Institute for Quantum Information, RWTH Aachen University, D-52056 Aachen (Germany)

    2016-07-01

    Coherent transport of charges in the form of Cooper pairs is the main feature of Josephson junctions which plays a central role in superconducting qubits. However, the presence of quasiparticles in superconducting devices may lead to incoherent charge transfer and limit the coherence time of superconducting qubits. A way around this so-called ''quasiparticle poisoning'' might be using a normal-metal island to trap quasiparticles; this has motivated us to revisit the proximity effect in normal-superconductor hybrids. Using the semiclassical Usadel equations, we study the density of states (DoS) both within and away from the trap. We find that in the superconducting layer the DoS quickly approaches the BCS form; this indicates that normal-metal traps should be effective at localizing quasiparticles.

  7. One-Sign Order Parameter in Iron Based Superconductor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernd Büchner

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The onset of superconductivity at the transition temperature is marked by the onset of order, which is characterized by an energy gap. Most models of the iron-based superconductors find a sign-changing (s± order parameter [1–6], with the physical implication that pairing is driven by spin fluctuations. Recent work, however, has indicated that LiFeAs has a simple isotropic order parameter [7–9] and spin fluctuations are not necessary [7,10], contrary to the models [1–6]. The strength of the spin fluctuations has been controversial [11,12], meaning that the mechanism of superconductivity cannot as yet be determined. We report the momentum dependence of the superconducting energy gap, where we find an anisotropy that rules out coupling through spin fluctuations and the sign change. The results instead suggest that orbital fluctuations assisted by phonons [13,14] are the best explanation for superconductivity.

  8. Plasma resonance in anisotropic layered high-Tc superconductors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sakai, Shigeki; Pedersen, Niels Falsig

    1999-01-01

    The plasma resonance is described theoretically by the inductive coupling model for a large stacked Josephson-junction system such as the intrinsic Josephson-junction array in anisotropic high- T-c superconductors. Eigenmodes of the plasma oscillation are analytically described and a numerical...... example for the large stack case N=50 is given. The scaling length characteristic of each mode is discussed. Numerical results for the plasma resonance for N= 50 in the presence of an external rf drive with wave number k are given. For k different from zero possible resonance modes among the eigen...... oscillation modes are shown, and it is further demonstrated that for k=0 the resonance takes place as a collection of N independent resonant Josephson junctions. Some guidelines for possible experiments are shown. It is also shown that, very recent microwave experiments for the plasma resonance can...

  9. Numerical modelling of iron-pnictide bulk superconductor magnetization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainslie, Mark D.; Yamamoto, Akiyasu; Fujishiro, Hiroyuki; Weiss, Jeremy D.; Hellstrom, Eric E.

    2017-10-01

    Iron-based superconductors exhibit a number of properties attractive for applications, including low anisotropy, high upper critical magnetic fields (H c2) in excess of 90 T and intrinsic critical current densities above 1 MA cm-2 (0 T, 4.2 K). It was shown recently that bulk iron-pnictide superconducting magnets capable of trapping over 1 T (5 K) and 0.5 T (20 K) can be fabricated with fine-grain polycrystalline Ba0.6K0.4Fe2As2 (Ba122). These Ba122 magnets were processed by a scalable, versatile and low-cost method using common industrial ceramic processing techniques. In this paper, a standard numerical modelling technique, based on a 2D axisymmetric finite-element model implementing the H -formulation, is used to investigate the magnetisation properties of such iron-pnictide bulk superconductors. Using the measured J c(B, T) characteristics of a small specimen taken from a bulk Ba122 sample, experimentally measured trapped fields are reproduced well for a single bulk, as well as a stack of bulks. Additionally, the influence of the geometric dimensions (thickness and diameter) on the trapped field is analysed, with a view of fabricating larger samples to increase the magnetic field available from such trapped field magnets. It is shown that, with current state-of-the-art superconducting properties, surface trapped fields >2 T could readily be achieved at 5 K (and >1 T at 20 K) with a sample of diameter 50 mm. Finally, an aspect ratio of between 1 and 1.5 for R/H (radius/thickness) would be an appropriate compromise between the accessible, surface trapped field and volume of superconducting material for bulk Ba122 magnets.

  10. Topological spin-singlet superconductors with underlying sublattice structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dutreix, C.

    2017-07-01

    Majorana boundary quasiparticles may naturally emerge in a spin-singlet superconductor with Rashba spin-orbit interactions when a Zeeman magnetic field breaks time-reversal symmetry. Their existence and robustness against adiabatic changes is deeply related, via a bulk-edge correspondence, to topological properties of the band structure. The present paper shows that the spin-orbit may be responsible for topological transitions when the superconducting system has an underlying sublattice structure, as it appears in a dimerized Peierls chain, graphene, and phosphorene. These systems, which belong to the Bogoliubov-de Gennes class D, are found to have an extra symmetry that plays the role of the parity. It enables the characterization of the topology of the particle-hole symmetric band structure in terms of band inversions. The topological phase diagrams this leads to are then obtained analytically and exactly. They reveal that, because of the underlying sublattice structure, the existence of topological superconducting phases requires a minimum doping fixed by the strength of the Rashba spin orbit. Majorana boundary quasiparticles are finally predicted to emerge when the Fermi level lies in the vicinity of the bottom (top) of the conduction (valence) band in semiconductors such as the dimerized Peierls chain and phosphorene. In a two-dimensional topological superconductor based on (stretched) graphene, which is semimetallic, Majorana quasiparticles cannot emerge at zero and low doping, that is, when the Fermi level is close to the Dirac points. Nevertheless, they are likely to appear in the vicinity of the van Hove singularities.

  11. High-field phase-diagram of Fe arsenide superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jo, Y.J.; Jaroszynski, J.; Yamamoto, A.; Gurevich, A.; Riggs, S.C.; Boebinger, G.S.; Larbalestier, D. [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, Tallahassee-FL 32310 (United States); Wen, H.H. [Institute of Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Zhigadlo, N.D.; Katrych, S.; Bukowski, Z.; Karpinski, J. [Laboratory for Solid State Physics, ETH Zuerich, CH-8093 Zuerich (Switzerland); Liu, R.H.; Chen, H.; Chen, X.H. [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Science a Microscale and Department of Physics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026 (China); Balicas, L., E-mail: balicas@magnet.fsu.ed [National High Magnetic Field Laboratory, Florida State University, Tallahassee-FL 32310 (United States)

    2009-05-01

    Here, we report an overview of the phase-diagram of single-layered and double-layered Fe arsenide superconductors at high magnetic fields. Our systematic magneto-transport measurements of polycrystalline SmFeAsO{sub 1-x}F{sub x} at different doping levels confirm the upward curvature of the upper critical magnetic field H{sub c2}(T) as a function of temperature T defining the phase boundary between the superconducting and metallic states for crystallites with the ab planes oriented nearly perpendicular to the magnetic field. We further show from measurements on single-crystals that this feature, which was interpreted in terms of the existence of two superconducting gaps, is ubiquitous among both series of single- and double-layered compounds. In all compounds explored by us the zero temperature upper critical field H{sub c2}(0), estimated either through the Ginzburg-Landau or the Werthamer-Helfand-Hohenberg single gap theories, strongly surpasses the weak-coupling Pauli paramagnetic limiting field. This clearly indicates the strong-coupling nature of the superconducting state and the importance of magnetic correlations for these materials. Our measurements indicate that the superconducting anisotropy, as estimated through the ratio of the effective masses gamma = (m{sub c}/m{sub ab}){sup 1/2} for carriers moving along the c-axis and the ab-planes, respectively, is relatively modest as compared to the high-T{sub c} cuprates, but it is temperature, field and even doping dependent. Finally, our preliminary estimations of the irreversibility field H{sub m}(T), separating the vortex-solid from the vortex-liquid phase in the single-layered compounds, indicates that it is well described by the melting of a vortex lattice in a moderately anisotropic uniaxial superconductor.

  12. Applications of Holographic Duality: Black Hole Metals and Supergravity Superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksson, Oscar Karl Johannes

    We apply holographic duality to the study of strongly interacting quantum matter. The correspondence between the four-dimensional N = 8 gauged supergravity and the three-dimensional superconformal ABJM quantum field theory allows us to study the latter theory by performing computations in the former. Asymptotically anti-de Sitter spacetimes satisfying the classical supergravity equations of motion are interpreted as states of strongly interacting ABJM theory. If such a spacetime sources an electric field, the dual state is at non-zero charge density. Interesting observables of such states include spectral functions of fermionic operators--we compute these by solving Dirac equations in a variety of spacetimes. In a family of extremal charged black holes, we find Fermi surface singularities with non-Fermi liquid characteristics. In a special "three-charge" black hole, an interval appears in the spectral functions within which the fermionic excitations are perfectly stable. We then study three different domain wall spacetimes dual to zero-temperature states with a broken U(1) symmetry. In these "holographic superconductors", we find features similar to conventional superconductors such as the development of a gap in the fermionic spectra. Finally, we investigate the question of how bosonic properties, for example susceptibilities, are affected by fermionic properties, such as Fermi surface singularities, in holographic states of matter. We do this by computing the static charge susceptibility in the three-charge black hole state. Our results reveal singularities at complex momenta, with a real part approximately equal to the largest Fermi momentum in the state.

  13. Coincident photoelectron spectroscopy on superconductors; Koinzidente Photoelektronenspektroskopie an Supraleitern

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Voss, Stefan

    2011-07-01

    Aim of the performed experiments of this thesis was to attempt to detect Cooper pairs as carriers of the superconducting current directly by means of the photoelectric effect. The method of the coincident photoelectron spectroscopy aims thereby at the detection of two coherently emitted electrons by the interaction with a photon. Because electrostatic analyzers typically cover only a very small spatial angle, which goes along with very low coincidence rates, in connection with this thesis a time-of-flight projection system has been developed, which maps nearly the whole spatial angle on a position-resolving detector. The pulsed light source in form of special synchrotron radiation necessary for the measurement has been adjusted so weak, that only single photons could arrive at the sample. Spectroscoped were beside test measurements on silver layers both a lead monocrystal as representative of the classical BCS superconductors and monocrystalline Bi{sub 2}Sr{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub 8} from the family of the high-temperature superconductors. With excitation energies up to 40 eV could be shown that sufficiently smooth and clean surfaces in the superconducting phase exhibit within the resolving power of about 0.5 eV no recognizable differences in comparison to the normally conducting phase. Beside these studies furthermore the simple photoemission at the different samples and especially in the case of the lead crystal is treated, because here no comparable results are known. Thereby the whole momentum space is discussed and the Fermi surface established as three-dimensional model, by means of which the measurement results are discussed. in the theoretical descriptions different models for the Cooper-pair production are presented, whereby to the momentum exchange with the crystal a special role is attributed, because this can only occur in direct excitations via discrete lattice vectors.

  14. Magnetic Signals of High-Temperature Superconductor Bulk During the Levitation Force Measurement Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Huan; Zheng, Jun; Qian, Nan; Che, Tong; Zheng, Botian; Jin, Liwei; Deng, Zigang

    2017-05-01

    In order to study the commonly neglected magnetic field information in the course of levitation force measurement process in a superconducting maglev system, a multipoint magnetic field measurement platform was employed to acquire magnetic signals of a bulk high-Tc superconductor on both the top and the bottom surface. Working conditions including field cooling (FC) and zero field cooling were investigated for these vertical down and up motions above a permanent magnet guideway performed on a HTS maglev measurement system. We have discussed the magnetic flux variation process based on the Bean model. A magnetic hysteresis effect similar to the levitation force hysteresis loop of the bulk superconductor was displayed and analyzed in this paper. What is more valuable, there exists some available magnetic flux on the top surface of the bulk superconductor, and the proportion is as high as 62.42% in the FC condition, which provides an experimental hint to design the superconductor bulk and the applied field for practical use in a more efficient way. In particular, this work reveals real-time magnetic flux variation of the bulk superconductor in the levitation application, which is the other important information in contrast to the macroscopic levitation and guidance force investigations in previous studies, and it enriches the existing research methods. The results are significant for understanding the magnetic characteristic of superconductors, and they can contribute to optimize the present HTS maglev system design.

  15. Andreev reflection at a graphene-superconductor interface in the quantum Hall regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Da; Telford, Evan; Benyamini, Avishai; Hone, James; Dean, Cory; Pasupathy, Abhay

    At metal-superconductor interfaces Andreev processes occur where an electron tunneling into the superconductor carries with it a second electron, effectively reflecting a hole with opposite momentum back into the metal. This is due to the superconducting gap, which, at low energies, only allows the formation of cooper pairs inside the superconductor, representing an accessible way to measure Cooper-pair tunneling phenomena. An important requirement for strong Andreev processes is a clean interface with a high transmission probability. Graphene is a promising candidate for achieving an extremely clean interface to superconductors, however recent results show achieving a transparent interface is non-trivial. Graphene also has a remarkably large mean free path, which allows accurate measurement of reflected and transmitted currents. In the quantum hall regime, chiral edge states open new possibilities to measure novel Andreev processes. In this work, we use controlled assembly in an inert atmosphere to create high-quality grapheme-superconductor interface. Due to the high critical field of these superconductors, we are able to reach the quantum hall regime in graphene while preserving superconductivity, we will describe the resultant Andreev processes observed at such interfaces.

  16. Andreev reflection at a graphene-high-temperature superconductor interface in the quantum Hall regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Da; Telford, Evan; Benyamini, Avishai; Hone, James; Dean, Cory; Pasupathy, Abhay

    At metal-superconductor interfaces Andreev processes occur where an electron tunneling into the superconductor carries with it a second electron, effectively reflecting a hole with opposite momentum back into the metal. This is due to the superconducting gap, which, at low energies, only allows the formation of cooper pairs inside the superconductor, representing an accessible way to measure Cooper-pair tunneling phenomena. An important requirement for strong Andreev processes is a clean interface with a high transmission probability. Graphene is a promising candidate for achieving an extremely clean interface to superconductors, however recent results show achieving a transparent interface is non-trivial. In the quantum hall regime, chiral edge states open new possibilities to measure novel Andreev processes. In this work, we use controlled assembly in a well-controlled inert atmosphere to create high-quality interfaces between monolayer and bilayer graphene and high-temperature superconductors. Due to the high critical field of these superconductors, we are able to reach the quantum hall state in the graphene layer while preserving superconductivity, and we describe the resultant Andreev processes observed at such interface.

  17. 15 MeV proton irradiation effects on Bi-based high temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alinejad, N.; Sohrabi, D. [Nuclear Science and Technology Research Institute, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of). Plasma and Nuclear Fusion Research School; Bolori, F. [Karaj Agricultural, Medical, and Industrial Research School, Karaj (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2015-11-15

    Nowadays, superconducting magnetic coils are used in some tokamaks such as EAST, KSTAR, JT-60, and T-15 to generate strong magnetic fields and also in ITER magnetic fields of about 13 tesla will be produced with the help of superconductors. The tokamak superconductors are exposed to the variety of radiations (neutron, ions beam, and gamma) from plasma nuclear reactions which will affect some of the superconductor properties. Therefore, study of the irradiation effects on the superconductor structure and properties are very crucial from technological and scientific point of view. One of the superconductor irradiation effects to be investigated under different conditions of energy and dosage is the potential resistance of the material used in tokamak reactor magnetic coils against activation by radiation. In this work, pellets of high T{sub c} Bi-based superconductors have been prepared and after measurement of parameters, a sample of pellet has been irradiated with 15 MeV protons using Karaj cyclotron facility. The sample's parameters have been measured again after irradiation treatment. X-ray diffraction patterns and SEM images of the sample before and after irradiation treatment have been studied.

  18. Magnetic proximity effect at the interface between a cuprate superconductor and an oxide spin valve

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ovsyannikov, G. A., E-mail: gena@hitech.cplire.ru; Demidov, V. V. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (Russian Federation); Khaydukov, Yu. N.; Mustafa, L. [Max Planck Institute for Solid State Research (Germany); Constantinian, K. Y. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (Russian Federation); Kalabukhov, A. V.; Winkler, D. [Chalmers University of Technology (Sweden)

    2016-04-15

    A heterostructure that consists of the YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7–δ} cuprate superconductor and the SrRuO{sub 3}/La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} ruthenate/manganite spin valve is investigated using SQUID magnetometry, ferromagnetic resonance, and neutron reflectometry. It is shown that a magnetic moment is induced due to the magnetic proximity effect in the superconducting part of the heterostructure, while the magnetic moment in the composite ferromagnetic interlayer is suppressed. The magnetization emerging in the superconductor coincides in order of magnitude with the results of calculations taking into account the induced magnetic moment of Cu atoms because of orbital reconstruction at the interface between the superconductor and the ferromagnet, as well as with the results of the model taking into account the variations in the density of states at a distance on the order of the coherence length in the superconductor. The experimentally obtained characteristic penetration depth of the magnetic moment in the superconductor considerably exceeds the coherence length of the cuprate superconductor, which indicates the predominance of the mechanism of induced magnetic moment of Cu atoms.

  19. Effects of High Energy Electron Irradiation on a Yttrium Barium(2) Copper(3) Oxygen(7-delta) High Temperature Superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-09-01

    expulsion of magnetic fields from the interior of a superconductor such that B = 0 and is the phenome- non that explains magnetic levitation . From Ohm’s Law...2Cu 30 7 - HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTOR by Sean Mark Connors September 1991 Thesis Advisor: X. K. Maruyama Approved for public release...if necessary and identify by btock numbe,) FiE GP<P ,€ 5 pCOO HIGH TEMPERATURE SUPERCONDUCTORS , IRRADIATION EFFECTS, ELECTRON IRRADIATION

  20. Zeeman effects on the tunneling spectra of a ferromagnetic d-wave superconductor in contact with a quantum wire

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Emamipour, Hamidreza, E-mail: h_emamipour@yahoo.com [Department of Physics, Ilam University, Ilam (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Mehrabzad, Narges [Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    We study tunneling conductance in a quantum wire–insulator–ferromagnetic d-wave superconductor junction. The results show that exchange field of superconductor has a strong impact on tunneling spectra depending on the junction parameters. We have found a gap like structure in the tunneling limit when we have an interface normal to the (100) axis of superconductor. In the case of (110) axis of superconductor, there is not any zero- bias conductance peaks in tunneling spectra. For a metallic junction the dips disappear.

  1. High pressure study of high-temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Souliou, Sofia-Michaela

    2014-09-29

    The current thesis studies experimentally the effect of high external pressure on high-T{sub c} superconductors. The structure and lattice dynamics of several members of the high-T{sub c} cuprate and Fe-based superconductors families were investigated by means of Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction under well-controlled, hydrostatic high pressure and low temperature conditions. The lattice dynamics of the high-T{sub c} superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x} have been investigated systematically by Raman spectroscopy as a function of doping (x = 0.95, 0.75, 0.60, 0.55, and 0.45) and external pressure. Under ambient pressure conditions, in addition to the Raman modes expected from group theory, we observe new Raman active phonons upon cooling the underdoped samples, at temperatures well above the superconducting transition temperature. The doping dependence and the onset temperatures of the new Raman features suggest that they are associated with the incommensurate charge density wave (CDW) state recently discovered in underdoped cuprates using synchrotron X-ray scattering techniques. Under high pressure conditions (from 2 to 12 GPa), our Raman measurements on highly ordered underdoped YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.55} samples do not show any of the new Raman phonons seen at ambient pressure. High pressure and low temperature Raman measurements have been performed on the underdoped superconductor YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 4}O{sub 8}. A clear renormalization of some of the Raman phonons is seen below T{sub c} as a result of the changes in the phonon self-energy upon the opening of the superconducting gap, with the most prominent one being that of the B{sub 1g}-like buckling phonon mode. The amplitude of this renormalization strongly increases with pressure, resembling the effect of hole doping in YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6+x}. At ∝ 10 GPa, the system undergoes a reversible pressure-induced structural phase transition to a non-centrosymmmetric structure (space group

  2. Dying Gasps of a d-wave superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonn, Douglas

    2004-03-01

    Among the cuprate superconductors, the YBa_2Cu_3O_6+x system has the major advantage that the hole-doping can be reversibly changed by controlling oxygen in a CuO chain layer situated 0.42 nm away from the CuO2 planes that are the seat of the interesting physics. When the chains are completely depleted of oxygen, at YBa_2Cu_3O_6, the Mott insulator is encountered and when they are filled YBa_2Cu_3O7 is a d-wave superconductor with a critical temperature (T_c) near 90 K. Between these extremes, the loosely-held dopant oxygens are mobile at room temperature and their gradual ordering into chain structures pulls electrons from the CuO2 planes, increasing hole-doping over time. Thus, the hole doping in this cuprate is a function of both the oxygen content of the chain layer and the degree of chain ordering. An extreme version of this effect occurs in a narrow window of oxygen content near YBa_2Cu_3O_6.35, where crystals quenched from over 570 ^oC initially do not superconduct, but become superconducting with a Tc that increases with time if they are allowed to order at room temperature. This opens the door to experiments over a wide range of hole-doping, all on the same crystal, with no change in cation disorder. Here we exploit this time-dependent doping to study the penetration depth of samples whose T_c's are varied from 4-20 K, with the goal of understanding what happens to the superfluid density in this extreme of the phase diagram. We find that the temperature dependence of the penetration shows the persistence of the d-wave superconducting state to the very lowest doping studied, with no sign of an intervening phase transition that alters the nodal quasiparticle excitations in this state. The magnitude of the penetration depth continues a trend well-known at higher doping, namely that the superfluid density steadily dwindles to almost nothing as Tc declines.

  3. Comprehensive Study of the Model Mercury-Based Cuprate Superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Greven, Martin [Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (United States)

    2017-11-13

    This is the Final Report on DE-SC0006858, which opened 15 August 2011 and closed 14 August 2017. The Principal Investigator is Martin Greven, School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 555455 (email: greven@umn.edu). The Administrative Point of Contact is Patricia Jondahl, phone: 612-624-5599, email: awards@umn.edu. The DOE Program is the Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Program manager is Dr. P. Thiyagarajan, Neutron Scattering SC-22.2/ Germantown Bldg. (email: Thiyagarajan@science.doe.gov). The chief activity was the crystal growth, characterization, neutron and X-ray scattering study of the mercury-based cuprates, arguably the most desirable high-Tc superconductors for experimental study due to their record values of Tc and their relatively simple crystal structures. It is thought that the unusual magnetic and charge degrees of freedom of the copper-oxygen sheets that form the fundamental building block of all cuprate superconductors give rise to the high Tc and to many other unusual properties exhibited by the class of quantum materials. Neutron scattering experiments were performed to reveal the nature of the magnetic degrees of freedom of the copper-oxygen sheets, whereas X-ray scattering experiments and complementary charge-transport experiments were performed to reveal the nature of the charge degrees of freedom. In addition, collaborations were initiated with experts in the use of complementary experimental techniques. The primary products are (i) scientific articles published in peer-reviewed scientific journals, (ii) scientific presentations at national and international conferences, and (iii) education of postdoctoral researchers, PhD graduate students and undergraduate researchers by providing a research experience in crystal growth, characterization and scattering. Twenty scientific papers were published in peer-reviewed journals, thirty-one invited talks were presented at national or international conferences, or as

  4. Studies of nonlinear electrodynamics of high-temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lam, Quan-Chiu H.

    1991-08-01

    Nonlinear electrodynamics of high-{Tc} superconductors are studied both theoretically and experimentally. For powdered samples, a novel model is presented in which the metallographically observed superconducting grains in the powder are modeled as superconducting current loops of various areas with weak links. Surprising harmonic generation behavior in an arc field, H{sub 1} cos({omega}t), is predicted by the model; the power at high harmonics show sharp dips almost periodic in a superposing dc magnetic field, revealing flux quantization in the prototype loops in the model. Such oscillation of the harmonic power in dc magnetic field P{sub nf}(H{sub dc}), is indeed experimentally observed in powdered YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7}. Other experimental aspects also agree with model predictions. For bulk sintered cylindrical samples, a generalized critical state model is presented. In this model, the nonlinear electrodynamics are due to flux-pinning, somewhat similar to low-temperature type-II superconductors, but with a more generalized critical current densities' dependence on magnetic field -- J{sub c}(H){approximately}H{sub local}{sup -{beta}}, with {beta} being an adjustable parameter. Experiments in ac and dc magnetic fields on a sintered cylindrical rod of YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} yield unambiguous evidence of independent inter- and intragranular contributions to the complex harmonic permeability {tilde {mu}}{sub n} = {mu}{prime}{sub n} -i{mu}{double prime}{sub n}. Temperature- dependence measurements reveal that, while the intragranular supercurrents disappear at {Tc}{ge}91.2 K, the intergranular supercurrents disappear at T{ge}86.6 K. This result is, to our knowledge, the first clear measurement of the phase-locking temperature of the 3-D matrix formed by YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 7} grains, which are in electrical contact with one another through weak links.

  5. Studies of nonlinear electrodynamics of high-temperature superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lam, Quan-Chiu H. [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    1991-08-01

    Nonlinear electrodynamics of high-Tc superconductors are studied both theoretically and experimentally. For powdered samples, a novel model is presented in which the metallographically observed superconducting grains in the powder are modeled as superconducting current loops of various areas with weak links. Surprising harmonic generation behavior in an arc field, H1 cos(ωt), is predicted by the model; the power at high harmonics show sharp dips almost periodic in a superposing dc magnetic field, revealing flux quantization in the prototype loops in the model. Such oscillation of the harmonic power in dc magnetic field Pnf(Hdc), is indeed experimentally observed in powdered YBa2Cu3O7. Other experimental aspects also agree with model predictions. For bulk sintered cylindrical samples, a generalized critical state model is presented. In this model, the nonlinear electrodynamics are due to flux-pinning, somewhat similar to low-temperature type-II superconductors, but with a more generalized critical current densities` dependence on magnetic field -- Jc(H)~H$β\\atop{local}$, with β being an adjustable parameter. Experiments in ac and dc magnetic fields on a sintered cylindrical rod of YBa2Cu3O7 yield unambiguous evidence of independent inter- and intragranular contributions to the complex harmonic permeability$\\tilde{μ}$n = μ'n -iμ''n. Temperature- dependence measurements reveal that, while the intragranular supercurrents disappear at Tc≥91.2 K, the intergranular supercurrents disappear at T≥86.6 K. This result is, to our knowledge, the first clear measurement of the phase-locking temperature of the 3-D matrix formed by YBa2Cu3O7 grains, which are in electrical contact with one another through weak links.

  6. Josephson junction between two high Tc superconductors with arbitrary transparency of interface

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GhR Rashedi

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a dc Josephson junction between two singlet superconductors (d-wave and s-wave with arbitrary reflection coefficient has been investigated theoretically. For the case of high Tc superconductors, the c-axes are parallel to an interface with finite transparency and their ab-planes have a mis-orientation. The physics of potential barrier will be demonstrated by a transparency coefficient via which the tunneling will occur. We have solved the nonlocal Eilenberger equations and obtained the corresponding and suitable Green functions analytically. Then, using the obtained Green functions, the current-phase diagrams have been calculated. The effect of the potential barrier and mis-orientation on the currents is studied analytically and numerically. It is observed that, the current phase relations are totally different from the case of ideal transparent Josephson junctions between d-wave superconductors and two s-wave superconductors. This apparatus can be used to demonstrate d-wave order parameter in high Tc superconductors.

  7. Theory of quantum metal to superconductor transitions in highly conducting systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spivak, B.

    2010-04-06

    We derive the theory of the quantum (zero temperature) superconductor to metal transition in disordered materials when the resistance of the normal metal near criticality is small compared to the quantum of resistivity. This can occur most readily in situations in which 'Anderson's theorem' does not apply. We explicitly study the transition in superconductor-metal composites, in an swave superconducting film in the presence of a magnetic field, and in a low temperature disordered d-wave superconductor. Near the point of the transition, the distribution of the superconducting order parameter is highly inhomogeneous. To describe this situation we employ a procedure which is similar to that introduced by Mott for description of the temperature dependence of the variable range hopping conduction. As the system approaches the point of the transition from the metal to the superconductor, the conductivity of the system diverges, and the Wiedemann-Franz law is violated. In the case of d-wave (or other exotic) superconductors we predict the existence of (at least) two sequential transitions as a function of increasing disorder: a d-wave to s-wave, and then an s-wave to metal transition.

  8. Magnetic field suppression of Andreev conductance at superconductor-graphene interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumaravadivel, Piranavan; Mills, Scott; Du, Xu

    2017-12-01

    Studying the interplay between superconductivity and quantum magnetotransport in 2D materials has been a topic of interest in recent years. Towards such a goal it is important to understand the impact of magnetic field on the charge transport at the superconductor-normal channel (SN) interface. Here we carried out a comprehensive study of Andreev conductance under weak magnetic fields using diffusive superconductor- graphene Josephson weak links. We observe that the Andreev conductance is suppressed even in magnetic fields far below the upper critical field of the superconductor. The suppression of Andreev conductance depends on and can be minimized by controlling the ramping of the magnetic field. We identify that the key factor behind this suppression is the reduction of the superconducting gap due to the piling of vortices on the superconducting contacts. In devices where superconducting gap at the superconductor-graphene interface is heavily reduced by proximity effect, the enlarged vortex cores overlap quickly with increasing magnetic field, resulting in a rapid decrease of the interfacial gap. However, in weak links with relatively large effective superconducting gap the AR conductance persists up to the upper critical field. Our results provide guidance to the study of quantum material-superconductor systems in presence of magnetic field, where ‘survival’ of induced superconductivity is critical.

  9. Andreev reflection at graphene-superconductor interface in the quantum Hall regime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Da; Telford, Evan; Benyamini, Avishai; Wieteska, Andrew; Hone, James; Dean, Cory; Pasupathy, Abhay

    At metal-superconductor interface Andreev processes occur where an electron tunneling into the superconductor carries with it a second electron, effectively reflecting a hole with opposite momentum back into the metal. This is due to the superconducting gap, which, at low energies, only allows the formation of cooper pairs inside the superconductor, representing an accessible way to measure many body tunneling phenomena. An important requirement for strong Andreev processes is a clean interface with a high transmission probability. As shown recently, graphene and bi-layer graphene are perfect candidates as they can have extremely clean interfaces to superconductors. Graphene also has a remarkably large mean free path, which allows accurate measurement of reflected and transmitted currents. In the quantum hall regime, chiral edge states open new possibilities to measure novel Andreev processes. So far, experimental evidence and a clear physical picture of Andreev processes at the interface of graphene systems in the quantum Hall regime is a work in progress. In this work, we present recent experimental results on graphene-superconductor interfaces created in a well-controlled inert atmosphere.

  10. Charge Neutral Fermionic States and Current Oscillation in a Graphene-Superconductor Hybrid Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Wenye; Wang, Wei; Zhang, Chao; Jin, Kuijuan; Ma, Zhongshui

    2016-10-01

    The proximity properties of edge currents in the vicinity of the interface between the graphene and superconductor in the presence of magnetic field are investigated. It is shown that the edge states introduced by Andreev reflection at the graphene-superconductor (G/S) interface give rise to the charge neutral states in all Landau levels. We note that in a topological insulator-superconductor (TI/S) hybrid structure, only N = 0 Landau level can support this type of charge neutral states. The different interface states of a G/S hybrid and a TI/S hybrid is due to that graphene consists of two distinct sublattices. The armchair edge consists of two inequivalent atoms. This gives rise to unique electronic properties of edge states when connected to a superconductor. A direct consequence of zero charge states in all Landau levels is that the current density approaches zero at interface. The proximity effect leads to quantum magnetic oscillation of the current density in the superconductor region. The interface current density can also be tuned with a finite interface potential. For sharp δ-type interface potential, the derivative of the wavefunction is discontinuous. As a result, we found that there is current density discontinuity at the interface. The step of the current discontinuity is proportional to the strength of the interface potential.

  11. Switching effect in a gapped graphene d-wave superconductor structure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soodchomshom, Bumned, E-mail: Bumned@hotmail.co [Theoretical Physics of Advanced Technology Research, Department of Science and Mathematics (Physics), Faculty of Science and Technology, Pathumwan Institute of Technology, Bangkok 10330 (Thailand)

    2010-03-01

    By depositing a d-wave superconductor (using proximity method) on the top of graphene grown on a substrate-induced bandgap (such as a SiC substrate), a d-wave superconductor caused by the massive Dirac electrons can be fabricated. Using the BTK theory, the tunneling conductance in a gapped graphene N/d-wave superconductor junction, where N is a normal gapped graphene, is studied. This work focuses on the influence of d-wave pairing on the conductance of the junction. In this result, for conductance G/G{sub N} plotted versus either the biased voltage V or the d-wave superconducting orientation angular alpha, a sharp conductance peak like an impulse function can be observed due to increasing the Dirac energy gap. The maximum conductance peak G{sub max} is also enhanced by increasing the electrostatic potential U in superconductor-electrode, giving rise to G{sub max}/G{sub N}=2 for increasing U->infinity. This sharp conductance peak occurs related to the condition of eV=DELTAcos(2alpha). The unit step conductance in this junction, G/G{sub N}=2THETA(U), is found for alpha=pi/4 and eV/DELTA=0 when E{sub F}-mv{sub F}{sup 2}->0. This is unlike a unit step conductance in a gapped graphene N/s-wave superconductor junction which was recently observed for eV/DELTA=1.

  12. Critical Current Test of Liquid Hydrogen Cooled HTC Superconductors under External Magnetic Field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shirai, Yasuyuki; Shiotsu, Masahiro; Tatsumoto, Hideki; Kobayashi, Hiroaki; Naruo, Yoshihiro; Nonaka, Satoshi; Inatani, Yoshifumi

    High-Tc (HTC) superconductors including MgB2 will show excellent properties under temperature of Liquid Hydrogen (LH2:20K), which has large latent heat and low viscosity coefficient. In order to design and fabricate the LH2 cooled superconducting energy devices, we must clear the cooling property of LH2 for superconductors, the cooling system and safety design of LH2 cooled superconducting devices and electro-magnetic property evaluation of superconductors (BSCCO, REBCO and MgB2) and their magnets cooled by LH2. As the first step of the study, an experimental setup which can be used for investigating heat transfer characteristics of LH2 in a pool and also in forced flow (circulation loop with a pump), and also for evaluation of electro-magnetic properties of LH2 cooled superconductors under external magnetic field (up to 7 T). In this paper, we will show a short sketch of the experimental set-up, practical experiences in safety operation of liquid hydrogen cooling system and example test results of critical current evaluation of HTC superconductors cooled by LH2.

  13. Impact of thickness on microscopic and macroscopic properties of Fe-Te-Se superconductor thin films

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Zhang

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A series of iron based Fe-Te-Se superconductor thin films depositing on 0.7wt% Nb-doped SrTiO3 at substrate temperatures in the 250°C -450°C range by pulsed laser ablation of a constituents well defined precursor FeTe0.55Se0.55 target sample. We study the possible growth mechanism and its influence on the superconductor properties. Experimental results indicate the superconductive and non-superconductive properties are modulated only by the thickness of the thin films through the temperature range. The films appear as superconductor whenever the thickness is above a critical value ∼30nm and comes to be non-superconductor below this value. Relative ratios of Fe to (Te+Se in the films retained Fe/(Te+Se1 for non-superconductor no matter what the film growth temperature was. The effect of film growth temperature takes only the role of modulating the ratio of Te/Se and improving crystallinity of the systems. According to the experimental results we propose a sandglass film growth mechanism in which the interfacial effect evokes to form a Fe rich area at the interface and Se or Te starts off a consecutive filling up process of chalcogenide elements defect sides, the process is significant before the film thickness reaches at ∼30nm.

  14. Fabrication of single-grain GdBa2Cu3O7−x bulk superconductors ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    microstructure and levitation force of the bulk GdBCO have also been investigated. The results indicate that the NLS can be used to simplify the process flow and improve the efficiency on the fabrication of single-grain GdBCO superconductors. Keywords. Superconductors; top seeded infiltration and growth process; GdBa2.

  15. Effects of magnetic field on the cuprate high-Tc superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lake, B.; Aeppli, G.; Christensen, N.B.

    2004-01-01

    This article discusses neutron scattering measurements on the cuprate, high transition temperature superconductor La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) in an applied magnetic field. LSCO is a type-II superconductor and magnetic flux can penetrate the material via the formation of vorticies. Phase coherent...

  16. Diffusion between Nb and Ti related to superconductor wire processing

    CERN Document Server

    Bormio-Nunes, C; Porto, F S A; Souza, V S D; Tirelli, M A; Edwards, E R

    2003-01-01

    Quantitative data on the diffusion between Nb and Ti are important for the processing of Nb-Ti superconductor wires through the 'artificial pinning centre-diffusion process'. In the literature, most of the Nb-Ti diffusion studies are focused on the 1173-1973 K temperature range which is inappropriate for this application. The objective of this study was to evaluate the diffusion between Nb and Ti at 1023 K and 1073 K, from a Nb-Ti cylindrical composite that has been mechanically deformed by swaging. It has been found that at both temperatures most of the diffusion layer is formed through the diffusion of Nb into Ti. A plot of diffusion layer thickness versus t sup 1 sup / sup 2 (t is the time) showed a linear behaviour for both temperatures with angular coefficients of 0.0867 mu m s sup - sup 1 sup / sup 2 (1023 K) and 0.253 mu m s sup - sup 1 sup / sup 2 (1073 K). Longer heat treatment and higher temperature leads to a Ti-rich diffusion layer, which is not interesting in terms of superconducting properties. ...

  17. Vortex state in a {ital d}-wave superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Franz, M.; Kallin, C.; Soininen, P.I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S4M1 (CANADA); Berlinsky, A.J. [Brockhouse Institute for Materials Research, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, L8S4M1 (CANADA); Fetter, A.L. [Department of Physics, Stanford University, Stanford, California 94305 (United States)

    1996-03-01

    We discuss the physics of the vortex state in a {ital d}-wave superconductor, using the phenomenological Ginzburg-Landau theory, where many unusual phenomena arise from the small admixture of the {ital s}-wave component induced by spatial variations in the dominant {ital d} wave. Properties of an isolated vortex and of the Abrikosov vortex lattice are studied by means of analytic and numerical methods. An isolated vortex has a considerable structure, with four {open_quote}{open_quote}extra{close_quote}{close_quote} nodes in the {ital s}-wave order parameter symmerically placed around the core and an amplitude forming a four-lobe profile decaying as 1/{ital r}{sup 2} at large distances. The supercurrent and magnetic-field distributions are also calculated. The Abrikosov lattice is in general oblique with the precise shape determined by the magnetic field and {ital s}-{ital d} mixing parameter {epsilon}{sub {ital v}}. The magnetic-field distribution in the Abrikosov state has two nonequivalent saddle points resulting in the prediction of a double peak line shape in {mu}SR and NMR experiments as a test of a {ital d}-wave symmetry. Detailed comparison is made with existing experimental data and experiments are proposed to test for the predicted effects. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

  18. Mechanics of Individual, Isolated Vortices in a Cuprate Superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auslaender, M.

    2010-05-25

    Superconductors often contain quantized microscopic whirlpools of electrons, called vortices, that can be modeled as one-dimensional elastic objects. Vortices are a diverse playground for condensed matter because of the interplay between thermal fluctuations, vortex-vortex interactions, and the interaction of the vortex core with the three-dimensional disorder landscape. While vortex matter has been studied extensively, the static and dynamic properties of an individual vortex have not. Here we employ magnetic force microscopy (MFM) to image and manipulate individual vortices in detwinned, single crystal YBa{sub 2}Cu{sub 3}O{sub 6.991} (YBCO), directly measuring the interaction of a moving vortex with the local disorder potential. We find an unexpected and dramatic enhancement of the response of a vortex to pulling when we wiggle it transversely. In addition, we find enhanced vortex pinning anisotropy that suggests clustering of oxygen vacancies in our sample and demonstrates the power of MFM to probe vortex structure and microscopic defects that cause pinning.

  19. Quantum superconductor-insulator transition: implications of BKT critical behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, T; Weyeneth, S

    2013-07-31

    We explore the implications of Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) critical behavior on the two-dimensional (2D) quantum superconductor-insulator (QSI) transition driven by the tuning parameter x. Concentrating on the sheet resistance R(x,T) BKT behavior implies: an explicit quantum scaling function for R(x,T) along the superconducting branch ending at the nonuniversal critical value Rc = R(xc); a BKT-transition line T(c)(x) [proportionality] (x - x(c))(zν[overline]), where z is the dynamic exponent and ν[overline] the exponent of the zero-temperature correlation length; independent estimates of zν[overline], z and ν[overline] from the x dependence of the nonuniversal parameters entering the BKT expression for the sheet resistance. To illustrate the potential and the implications of this scenario we analyze the data of Bollinger et al (2011 Nature 472 458) taken on gate voltage tuned epitaxial films of La2-xSrxCuO4 that are one unit cell in thickness. The resulting estimates, z ~/= 3.1 and ν[overline] ~/= 0.52, indicate a clean 2D-QSI critical point where hyperscaling, the proportionality between d/λ(2)(0) and Tc, and the correspondence between the quantum phase transitions in D dimensions and the classical ones in (D + z) dimensions are violated.

  20. A Cable-in-Conduit Superconductor for Pulsed Accelerator Magnets

    CERN Document Server

    Bottura, L; Fischer, E; Kauschke, M; Moritz, G; Vysotsky, V S; Sytnikov, V E; Wilson, M

    2005-01-01

    Superconducting magnets for future accelerators such as the SIS-100 ring of the International Accelerator Facility at GSI-Darmstadt, or a superconducting injector at the LHC, require that the magnetic field is pulsed with high repetition rate and high reliability over periods of several years. As an example the SIS-100 at the IAF is planned to be operated up to 2 T at 4 T/s for more than 100 millions cycles. Achieving these objectives requires that the superconductor has an excellent mechanical stability as well as a sufficient energy margin to tolerate foreseen and unforeseen energy inputs. In addition the cryogenic loss must be controlled at low levels, while the field errors due to coupling currents must be compatible with the beam dynamics requirements. In this paper we describe a cable-in-conduit design that is suitable for the challenging operating conditions described above, we give the expected performances and report on the on-going manufacturing demonstration and planned supporting tests.

  1. High levitation pressures with cage-cooled superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, John R. [Energy Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States); Komori, Mochimitsu [Department of Mechanical Systems Engineering, Kyushu Institute of Technology, Iizuka, Fukuoka (Japan)

    2002-05-01

    We present an analysis of and experimental results from a levitational system comprising a stationary, bulk high-temperature superconductor (HTS) and a levitated component (rotor) that consists of a cylindrical permanent magnet surrounded by an annular HTS. The rotor is cooled below the critical temperature of the HTS while surrounded by a ferromagnetic cage. When the ferromagnetic cage is removed, the flux from the permanent magnet is essentially excluded from the interior of the HTS. When brought into proximity with the HTS stator, the cage-cooled rotor experiences a levitational force. The levitational force may be calculated by applying magnetic circuit theory. Such calculations indicate that for a sufficiently high critical current density, the levitational pressure may exceed that between the permanent magnet and its mirror image. We constructed a rotor from an NdFeB permanent magnet and YBCO bulk HTS with a critical current density of {approx}5 kA cm{sup -2}. A soft ferromagnetic steel cage was constructed in segments. The critical current density of the stator HTS was also {approx}5 kA cm{sup -2}. Experimental results obtained with the cage-cooled rotor and stationary HTS show a significant increase in force over that of an equivalent PM rotor and stationary HTS. (author)

  2. Magnetically-related properties of bismuth containing high Tc superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vezzoli, Gary C.; Chen, M. F.; Craver, F.; Safari, A.; Moon, B. M.; Lalevic, B.; Burke, Terence; Shoga, M.

    1990-08-01

    The effect of magnetic fields to 15 T on electrical resistance has been measured for the BiSrCaCuO superconductor at precise temperatures during the transition to the superconducting state from pre-onset conditions to essentially zero resistance conditions. The results show that the temperature at which the magnetic field causes a divergence in the resistance versus 1000/ T curve is approximately the same temperature as the value at which, during cooling, the positive Hall coefficient begins its abrupt descent to zero. This temperature gives the best measure of Tc. It is also shown that small oscillations of low frequency start near onset conditions, the amplitude of which at a given temperature is B-field dependent. Additionally, Hall effect studies as a function of temperature at 4 T in three separate experiments (including high Tc BiSrCaCu PbO of > 90% theoretical density) show that sharp delta-function-like peaks in + RH are observed near Tc and are superimposed on a broader maximum. The Hall data are explicable in terms of exciton formation and ionization. The bound holes associated with these excitons are believed to be the mediators producing Cooper-pairing, and scale very well with Tc for all the known high Tc oxides.

  3. Photoemission and magnetic response in the bipolaronic superconductor

    CERN Document Server

    Dent, C

    2001-01-01

    in the cuprates is extended to explain the crossing point in the curves of induced magnetization divided by the square root of field against temperature in the less anisotropic cuprates. This model has already been shown to provide a parameter-free expression for T sub c in a wide range of cuprates. We compare our results with experiment in YBa sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 sub - subdelta. A theory of angle-resolved photoemission (ARPES) in doped charge-transfer Mott insulators is developed taking into account the realistic band structure, (bi)polaron formation due to the strong electron-phonon interaction, and a random field potential. We derive the coherent part of the ARPES spectra with the oxygen hole spectral function calculated in the non-crossing (ladder) approximation and with the exact spectral function of a one-dimensional hole in a random potential. On the basis of this theory, explanations are proposed for several features of the ARPES spectra taken from the cuprate superconductors. These include the pol...

  4. Dissipation in high-temperature superconductors in a magnetic field

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, D.H.; Gray, K.E.; Kampwirth, R.T.; McDonald, D.B.; McKay, D.M.

    1990-01-01

    The absence of a Lorentz force dependence on dissipation in the highly anisotropic highly high-temperature superconductor, Tl{sub 2}Ba{sub 2}CaCu{sub 2}O{sub x}, has been measured over a wide range of current densities in broadened resistive transitions, current-voltage characteristics, magnetoresistances, and critical current densities, J{sub c}. The magnetoresistances are very useful to find out the correct temperature and field dependences of the activation energy. As an alternative to flux motion, we consider a Josephson-coupling model which is consistent with the broadened resistive transitions and the lack of Lorentz-force dependence. We found that the Josephson-coupling model agrees with the temperature dependences of the activation energy and J{sub c} and is better matched to the weak field dependence of J{sub c} than the flux creep model. Possible origins of Josephson junctions in high-quality films and single crystals are discussed. 12 refs., 6 figs.

  5. Modulation of pairing symmetry with bond disorder in unconventional superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Yao-Tai; Tsai, Wei-Feng; Yao, Dao-Xin

    2017-04-01

    We study a two-orbital t -J1-J2 model, originally developed to describe iron-based superconductors at low energies, in the presence of bond disorder (via next-nearest-neighbor J2-bond dilution). By using the Bogoliubov-de Gennes approach, we self-consistently calculate the local pairing amplitudes and the corresponding density of states, which demonstrate a change of dominant pairing symmetry from s± wave to d wave when increasing disorder strength as long as J1≲J2 . Moreover, the combined pairing interaction and strong bond disorder lead to the formation of s±-wave "islands" with length scale of the superconducting coherence length embedded in a d -wave "sea." This picture is further complemented by the disorder-averaged pair-pair correlation functions, distinct from the case with potential disorder, where the "sea" is insulating. Due to this inevitable formation of spatial inhomogeneity, the superconducting Tc determined by the superfluid density ρs(T ) obviously deviates from the value predicted by the conventional Abrikosov-Gorkov theory, where the pairing amplitudes are viewed as uniformly suppressed as the disorder increases.

  6. Temperature Induced Degradation of Nb Ti/Cu Composite Superconductors

    CERN Document Server

    Scheuerlein, C; Senatore, C; Di Michiel, M; Thilly, L; Gerardin, A; Reluner, B; Oberli, L; Willering, G; Bottura, L

    2009-01-01

    The degradation mechanisms of state-of-the-art Nb-Ti/Cu superconductors are described, based on in-situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements during heat treatment. A quantitative description of the Nb-Ti/Cu degradation in terms of critical current density, Cu stabiliser resistivity and mechanical composite strength is presented. In an applied magnetic field a significant critical current degradation is already observed after a 5-minute 400 °C heat treatment, due to variations of a-Ti precipitate size and distribution within the Nb-Ti alloy filaments. A strong degradation of the strand mechanical properties is observed after several minutes heating above 550 °C, which is also the temperature at which the formation of Cu Ti intermetallic phases is detected. Several minutes heating at 250 °C are sufficient to increase the RRR of the strongly cold work strands inside a Rutherford type cable from about 80 to about 240. Heating for several minutes at 400 °C does not cause a significant conductor degradati...

  7. Holographic vector superconductor in Gauss–Bonnet gravity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Wang Lu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In the probe limit, we numerically study the holographic p-wave superconductor phase transitions in the higher curvature theory. Concretely, we study the influences of Gauss–Bonnet parameter α on the Maxwell complex vector model (MCV in the five-dimensional Gauss–Bonnet–AdS black hole and soliton backgrounds, respectively. In the two backgrounds, the improving Gauss–Bonnet parameter α and dimension of the vector operator Δ inhibit the vector condensate. In the black hole, the condensate quickly saturates a stable value at lower temperature. Moreover, both the stable value of condensate and the ratio ωg/Tc increase with α. In the soliton, the location of the second pole of the imaginary part increases with α, which implies that the energy of the quasiparticle excitation increases with the improving higher curvature correction. In addition, the influences of the Gauss–Bonnet correction on the MCV model are similar to the ones on the SU(2 p-wave model, which confirms that the MCV model is a generalization of the SU(2 Yang–Mills model even without the applied magnetic field to some extent.

  8. Search for ferromagnetic order in overdoped copper-oxide superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, J.; Lauter, V.; Ambaye, H.; He, X.; Božović, I.

    2017-04-01

    In copper-oxides that show high-temperature superconductivity (HTS), the critical temperature (Tc) has a dome-shaped doping dependence. The cause of demise of both Tc and superfluid density ns on the overdoped side is a major puzzle. A recent study of transport and diamagnetism in a large number of overdoped La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) films shows that this cannot be accounted for by disorder within the conventional Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer theory. This brings to focus an alternative explanation — competition of HTS with ferromagnetic order, fluctuating in superconducting samples and static beyond the superconductor-to-metal transition. Here, we examine this proposal by growing single-crystal LSCO thin films with doping on both sides of the transition by molecular beam epitaxy, and using polarized neutron reflectometry to measure their magnetic moments. In a heavily overdoped, metallic but non-superconducting LSCO (x = 0.35) film, the spin asymmetry of reflectivity shows a very small static magnetic moment (~2 emu/cm3). Less-doped, superconducting LSCO films show no magnetic moment in neutron reflectivity, both above and below Tc. Therefore, the collapse of HTS with overdoping is not caused by competing ferromagnetic order.

  9. The intrinsic electronic phase diagram of iron-pnictide superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hess, C.; Kondrat, A.; Narduzzo, A.; Hamann-Borrero, J.E.; Klingeler, R.; Grafe, H.; Lang, G.; Hammerath, F.; Paar, D.; Alfonsov, A.; Kataev, V.; Werner, J.; Behr, G.; Buechner, B. [Leibniz-Institute for Solid State and Materials Research, IFW Dresden, 01171 Dresden (Germany)

    2009-07-01

    We present a detailed study of the intrinsic electronic phase diagram of the oxypnictide superconductors in the normal state based on the analysis of the electrical resistivity {rho} of both LaO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}FeAs and SmO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}FeAs for a wide range of doping. Our data give clear-cut evidence for unusual normal state properties in these new materials. As a function of doping {rho} of LaO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}FeAs shows a clear transition from pseudogap to Fermi liquid-like behavior, mimicking the phase diagram of the cuprates. Moreover, our data reveal a correlation between the strength of the pseudogap signatures and the stability of the superconducting phase. The pseudogap signatures, which are clearly connected with the structural and magnetic transitions of the parent material, become stronger in SmO{sub 1-x}F{sub x}FeAs where superconductivity is enhanced and vanish when superconductivity is reduced in the doping region with Fermi liquid-like behavior. We further present evidence for the connection between the pseudogap signatures in electrical transport and the slowing-down of spin fluctuation.

  10. Proximity effect between a ferromagnetic insulator and a superconductor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolf, Michael J.; Beckmann, Detlef [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Nanotechnologie; Huebler, Florian [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Nanotechnologie; Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Festkoerperphysik; Suergers, Christoph [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.; Loehneysen, Hilbert von [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Inst. fuer Festkoerperphysik; Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (Germany). Physikalisches Inst.

    2012-07-01

    Electron transfer through spin-active interfaces can be modeled by the transmission amplitudes and a relative phase shift between spin-up and spin-down wavefunctions, the spin-mixing angle. Recently, Andreev bound states have been observed in F/S tunnel contacts which imply a non-zero spin-mixing angle of the ultrathin F/S barrier. In order to separate the spin-active interface from the detector tunnel contact, we have fabricated normal metal/superconductor tunnel contacts on top of a ferromagnetic insulator. We prepared EuS thin films (d{approx}20 nm) on top of Si(111) substrates by means of e-beam evaporation and created Al/Al-Oxide/Cu tunnel contacts by means of shadow evaporation. In an applied magnetic field, the tunnel spectra show an enhanced Zeeman splitting which is due to the presence of the exchange field of the EuS layer. Furthermore, we observe small peaks in the subgap region of the tunnel spectra which may be attributed to Andreev bound states due to a non-zero spin-mixing angle at the EuS/Al interface. The results suggest the use of EuS thin films for generating equal-spin triplet superconductivity.

  11. Pyrochlore Oxide Superconductor Cd2Re2O7 Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiroi, Zenji; Yamaura, Jun-ichi; Kobayashi, Tatsuo C.; Matsubayashi, Yasuhito; Hirai, Daigorou

    2018-02-01

    The superconducting pyrochlore oxide Cd2Re2O7 is revisited with a particular emphasis on the sample-quality issue. The compound has drawn attention as the only superconductor (Tc = 1.0 K) that has been found in the family of α-pyrochlore oxides since its discovery in 2001. Moreover, it exhibits two characteristic structural transitions from the cubic pyrochlore structure, with the inversion symmetry broken at the first one at 200 K. Recently, it has attracted increasing attention as a candidate spin-orbit coupled metal (SOCM), in which specific Fermi liquid instability is expected to lead to an odd-parity order with spontaneous inversion-symmetry breaking [L. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 026401 (2015)] and parity-mixing superconductivity [V. Kozii and L. Fu, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 207002 (2015); Y. Wang et al., Phys. Rev. B 93, 134512 (2016)]. We review our previous experimental results in comparison with those of other groups in the light of the theoretical prediction of the SOCM, which we consider meaningful and helpful for future progress in understanding this unique compound.

  12. The anomalous optical conductivity in hole-doped cuprate superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, He; Yuan, Feng; Chen, Shaou; Zhao, Huaisong

    2018-02-01

    Based on the renormalized t- J model and self-consistent mean field theory, the doping and energy dependence of optical conductivity and effective electron number in cuprate superconductors are discussed. As the result of the presence of the pseudogap in normal state, the optical conductivity exhibits two main components from underdoping to overdoping, a narrow band peaked around zero energy and a broadband centered in the mid-infrared region which deviates the Drude formula. With increasing the doping concentration, the spectral weight of the optical conductivity suppressed strongly in underdoped region increases quickly, and the peak position of the mid-infrared band moves towards to the lower energy region, then incorporates into the narrow band centered in zero energy in the heavily overdoped region. By virtue of the integral, the effective electron number is obtained, and it increases monotonically from zero energy to mid-infrared characteristic energy with increasing energy, then shows a plateau feature when the energy is larger. In particular, the mid-infrared characteristic energy scales with the pseudogap, reflecting the presence of the mid-infrared band is the result of the pseudogap effect.

  13. Discriminator Stabilized Superconductor/Ferroelectric Thin Film Local Oscillator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romanofsky, Robert R. (Inventor); Miranda, Felix A. (Inventor)

    2000-01-01

    A tunable local oscillator with a tunable circuit that includes a resonator and a transistor as an active element for oscillation. Tuning of the circuit is achieved with an externally applied dc bias across coupled lines on the resonator. Preferably the resonator is a high temperature superconductor microstrip ring resonator with integral coupled lines formed over a thin film ferroelectric material. A directional coupler samples the output of the oscillator which is fed into a diplexer for determining whether the oscillator is performing at a desired frequency. The high-pass and lowpass outputs of the diplexer are connected to diodes respectively for inputting the sampled signals into a differential operational amplifier. The amplifier compares the sampled signals and emits an output signal if there is a difference between the resonant and crossover frequencies. Based on the sampled signal, a bias supplied to the ring resonator is either increased or decreased for raising or lowering the resonant frequency by decreasing or increasing, respectively, the dielectric constant of the ferroelectric.

  14. Space qualified hybrid superconductor/semiconductor planar oscillator circuit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miranda, F. A.; Chorey, C. M.; Romanofsky, R. R.; Bhasin, K. B.

    1995-01-01

    We report on the space qualification of a hybrid superconductor/semiconductor planar local oscillator (LO) at 8.4 GHz. This oscillator was designed, fabricated, and tested as a component for the High Temperature Superconductivity Space Experiment 2 (HTSSE-2). The LO consisted of a GaAs MESFET and microstrip circuitry patterned onto a YBa2Cu3O(7-delta) high temperature superconducting (HTS) thin film on a 1.0 x 1.0 sq cm lanthanum aluminate (LaAlO3) substrate. At 77 K, this oscillator achieved power output levels up to 10 dBm into a 50 Ohm load. When incorporated into a full cryogenic receiver, the LO provided output powers within 0.0-3.0 dBm with less than 50 mW of dc power dissipation. Space qualification data on the sensitivity of the HTS films to the processing steps involved in the fabrication of HTS-based components are presented. Data on ohmic contacts, strength of wire bonds made to such contacts, and aging effects as well as vibration test results are discussed.

  15. A disorder-enhanced quasi-one-dimensional superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrović, A. P.; Ansermet, D.; Chernyshov, D.; Hoesch, M.; Salloum, D.; Gougeon, P.; Potel, M.; Boeri, L.; Panagopoulos, C.

    2016-01-01

    A powerful approach to analysing quantum systems with dimensionality d>1 involves adding a weak coupling to an array of one-dimensional (1D) chains. The resultant quasi-1D (q1D) systems can exhibit long-range order at low temperature, but are heavily influenced by interactions and disorder due to their large anisotropies. Real q1D materials are therefore ideal candidates not only to provoke, test and refine theories of strongly correlated matter, but also to search for unusual emergent electronic phases. Here we report the unprecedented enhancement of a superconducting instability by disorder in single crystals of Na2−δMo6Se6, a q1D superconductor comprising MoSe chains weakly coupled by Na atoms. We argue that disorder-enhanced Coulomb pair-breaking (which usually destroys superconductivity) may be averted due to a screened long-range Coulomb repulsion intrinsic to disordered q1D materials. Our results illustrate the capability of disorder to tune and induce new correlated electron physics in low-dimensional materials. PMID:27448209

  16. Synthesis of BiPbSrCaCuO superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hults, William L.; Kubat-Martin, Kimberly A.; Salazar, Kenneth V.; Phillips, David S.; Peterson, Dean E.

    1994-01-01

    A process and a precursor composition for preparing a lead-doped bismuth-strontium-calcium-copper oxide superconductor of the formula Bi.sub.a Pb.sub.b Sr.sub.c Ca.sub.d Cu.sub.e O.sub.f wherein a is from about 1.7 to about 1.9, b is from about 0.3 to about 0.45, c is from about 1.6 to about 2.2, d is from about 1.6 to about 2.2, e is from about 2.97 to about 3.2 and f is 10.+-.z by reacting a mixture of Bi.sub.4 Sr.sub.3 Ca.sub.3 Cu.sub.4 O.sub.16.+-.z, an alkaline earth metal cuprate, e.g., Sr.sub.9 Ca.sub.5 Cu.sub.24 O.sub.41, and an alkaline earth metal plumbate, e.g., Ca.sub.2-x Sr.sub.x PbO.sub.4 wherein x is about 0.5, is disclosed.

  17. Magnetoanisotropic Andreev reflection in ferromagnet/superconductor junctions (Conference Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoegl, Petra; Matos-Abiague, Alex; Zutic, Igor; Fabian, Jaroslav

    2016-10-01

    Andreev reflection spectroscopy of ferromagnet/superconductor (F/S) junctions is a sensitive probe of the junction interface as well as the spin polarization. We theoretically investigate spin-polarized transport in F/S junctions in the presence of Rashba and Dresselhaus interfacial spin-orbit fields and show that Andreev reflection can be controlled by changing the magnetization orientation. This suggests a similar control of the superconducting proximity effect and Majorana states. We predict a giant in- and out-of-plane magnetoanisotropy of the junction conductance. If the ferromagnet is highly spin polarized - in the half-metal limit - the magnetoanisotropic Andreev reflection depends universally on the spin-orbit fields only. Our results show that Andreev reflection spectroscopy can be used for sensitive probing of interfacial spin-orbit fields in F/S junction. This work has been supported by DFG SFB 689, the International Doctorate Program Topological Insulators of the Elite Network of Bavaria, DOE-BES Grant DE-SC0004890, and ONR N000141310754. P. Högl, A. Matos-Abiague, Igor Žutić, J. Fabian, Phys. Rev. Lett. 115, 116601 (2015)

  18. Tunneling transport in d-wave superconductor-silicene junction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hajati, Y.; Vosoughi nia, S.; Rashedi, G.

    2017-02-01

    We theoretically study the tunneling conductance of a normal/d-wave superconductor silicene junction using Blonder-Tinkham-Klapwijk (BTK) formalism. We discuss in detail how the conductances spectra are affected by inducing d-wave superconducting pairing symmetry in the buckled silicene. It is obtained that the amplitude of the spin/valley-dependent Andreev reflection and subgap conductance of the junction can be strongly modulated by the orientation angle of superconductive gap (β) and perpendicular electric field (EZ), suggesting that one may experimentally tune the transport properties of the junction through changing β and EZ. We demonstrate that the subgap conductance exhibits an oscillatory behavior as a function of the orientation angle of superconductive gap (β) with a period of π / 2 and by increasing the insulating gap of silicene, the charge conductance oscillations suppress. Remarkably, due to the buckled structure of silicene at the maximum orientation angle of the d-wave superconducting β = π / 4 , we found a very distinct behavior from the graphene-based NS junction where the charge conductance is insensitive to the bias energy. In addition, the Andreev reflection and subgap conductance can be switched on and off by applying electric field.

  19. Nematic fluctuations and resonance in iron-based superconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallais, Yann

    The spontaneous appearance of nematicity, a state of matter that breaks rotation but not translation symmetry, is ubiquitous in many iron based superconductors (Fe SC), and has relevance for the cuprates as well. Here I will review recent electronic Raman scattering experiments which report the presence of critical nematic fluctuations in the charge channel in the tetragonal phase of several Fe SC systems. In electron doped Co-BaFe2As2 (Co-Ba122), these fluctuations extend over most of the superconducting dome. Their associated nematic susceptibility shows Curie-Weiss behavior, and its doping dependence suggests the presence of a nematic quantum critical point near optimal TC Similar nematic fluctuations are also observed in FeSe despite the absence of magnetic order, raising the question of the link between nematicity and magnetism in Fe SC. In FeSe I will further contrast the evolution of nematic fluctuations under isoelectronic S substitution and hydrostatic pressures up to 8 GPa, with only the former showing evidence for a nematic quantum critical point. In the superconducting state of Co-Ba122, I will show that a resonance emerges in the Raman spectra near the nematic quantum critical point. This nematic resonance is a clear fingerprint of the coupling between nematic fluctuations and Bogoliubov quasiparticles, and can be thought as the nematic counterpart of the spin resonance observed in neutron scattering experiments. Support from Agence Nationale de la Recherche via ANR Grant ''Pnictides'' is acknowledged.

  20. Quantum transport through a graphene nanoribbon-superconductor junction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Qing-Feng; Xie, X C

    2009-08-26

    We study the electron transport through a graphene nanoribbon-superconductor junction. Both zigzag and armchair edge graphene nanoribbons are considered, and the effects of the magnetic field and disorder on the transport property are investigated. By using the tight-binding model and the non-equilibrium Green's function method, the expressions of the current, conductance, normal tunneling coefficient and Andreev reflection coefficient are obtained. For a clean system and at zero magnetic field, the linear conductance increases approximately in a linear fashion with the on-site energy. In the presence of a magnetic field and a moderate disorder, the linear conductance exhibits plateau structures for both armchair and zigzag edges. The plateau values increase with the width of the graphene ribbon. With a wide sample width, a saturated plateau value of |ν|e(2)/h emerges at the filling factor ν. For a small filling factor, the conductance can reach the saturated value at a small width, but for a high filling factor it requires to have a quite wide sample width to reach the saturated value. In particular, the Andreev reflection coefficient is always at 0.5 after reaching the saturated value, independent of any system parameters. In addition, we also consider the finite bias case, in which the Andreev reflection coefficient and normal tunneling coefficient are studied.