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Sample records for high-anxious coping styles

  1. Anxiety coping style and daily blood pressure variation of female nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Broege; James; Peters

    1997-08-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine how the style of coping with anxiety influences ambulatory blood pressures measured in work and home environments for 63 women aged 34 +/- 8 years employed as nurses. METHODS: Awake ambulatory blood pressures measured at work (n = 38 readings) and at home (n =7 readings) were compared among nurses who had been classified as belonging to four anxiety-coping-style groups: low anxious repressive (n = 18 work, n = 16 home), high anxious defensive (n = 4 work, n = 4 home) true low anxious (n = 21 work, n = 20 home) and true high anxious (n = 19 work, n = 18 home). The four anxiety-coping-style groups were determined by cross-classifying the women upon the basis of their scores on the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale (cutoff at 18) and the Taylor Manifest Anxiety Scale (cutoff at 14). RESULTS: Average systolic blood pressures at work and at home among nurses with a low anxious repressive coping style were significantly lower than were those of nurses with a high anxious defensive coping style (P personality constructs such as the style of coping, which are defined by the interaction of psychologic dimensions, may reflect better the complexity of behavioral influences on the blood pressure than do the univariate psychometric measures of which they are composed.

  2. Predicting coping styles in adolescence following trauma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Dorte Mølgaard; Hansen, Maj; Elklit, Ask

    2013-01-01

    , there is a lack of research investigating the interplay between these individual characteristics and their combined effect on different coping styles. It is of special importance to identify maladaptive coping styles in adolescents because they may be prone to use these coping styles for the rest of their lives...

  3. Predicting coping style in adolescence following trauma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Dorte Mølgaard; Hansen, Maj; Elklit, Ask

    Decades of research have established the importance of coping with stressful events. Individuals generally use the same overall coping styles across situations, and correlational studies have demonstrated a relationship between single individual characteristics and coping. However, there is a lac...

  4. The impact of coping style on gaze duration.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Klucken

    Full Text Available The understanding of individual differences in response to threat (e.g., attentional bias is important to better understand the development of anxiety disorders. Previous studies revealed only a small attentional bias in high-anxious (HA subjects. One explanation for this finding may be the assumption that all HA-subjects show a constant attentional bias. Current models distinguish HA-subjects depending on their level of tolerance for uncertainty and for arousal. These models assume that only HA-subjects with intolerance for uncertainty but tolerance for arousal ("sensitizers" show an attentional bias, compared to HA-subjects with intolerance for uncertainty and intolerance for arousal ("fluctuating subjects". Further, it is assumed that repressors (defined as intolerance for arousal but tolerance for uncertainty would react with avoidance behavior when confronted with threatening stimuli. The present study investigated the influence of coping styles on attentional bias. After an extensive recruiting phase, 36 subjects were classified into three groups (sensitizers, fluctuating, and repressors. All subjects were exposed to presentations of happy and threatening faces, while recording gaze durations with an eye-tracker. The results showed that only sensitizer showed an attentional bias: they gazed longer at the threatening face rather than at the happy face during the first 500 ms. The results support the findings of the relationship between anxiety and attention and extend these by showing variations according to coping styles. The differentiation of subjects according to a multifaceted coping style allows a better prediction of the attentional bias and contributes to an insight into the complex interplay of personality, coping, and behavior.

  5. The impact of coping style on gaze duration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klucken, Tim; Brouwer, Anne-Marie; Chatziastros, Astros; Kagerer, Sabine; Netter, Petra; Hennig, Juergen

    2010-11-15

    The understanding of individual differences in response to threat (e.g., attentional bias) is important to better understand the development of anxiety disorders. Previous studies revealed only a small attentional bias in high-anxious (HA) subjects. One explanation for this finding may be the assumption that all HA-subjects show a constant attentional bias. Current models distinguish HA-subjects depending on their level of tolerance for uncertainty and for arousal. These models assume that only HA-subjects with intolerance for uncertainty but tolerance for arousal ("sensitizers") show an attentional bias, compared to HA-subjects with intolerance for uncertainty and intolerance for arousal ("fluctuating subjects"). Further, it is assumed that repressors (defined as intolerance for arousal but tolerance for uncertainty) would react with avoidance behavior when confronted with threatening stimuli. The present study investigated the influence of coping styles on attentional bias. After an extensive recruiting phase, 36 subjects were classified into three groups (sensitizers, fluctuating, and repressors). All subjects were exposed to presentations of happy and threatening faces, while recording gaze durations with an eye-tracker. The results showed that only sensitizer showed an attentional bias: they gazed longer at the threatening face rather than at the happy face during the first 500 ms. The results support the findings of the relationship between anxiety and attention and extend these by showing variations according to coping styles. The differentiation of subjects according to a multifaceted coping style allows a better prediction of the attentional bias and contributes to an insight into the complex interplay of personality, coping, and behavior.

  6. Predicting coping style in adolescence following trauma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Dorte Mølgaard; Hansen, Maj; Elklit, Ask

    of research investigating the combined effect of several individual characteristics coping. It is of special importance to identify maladaptive coping in adolescents, because they are likely to use these coping styles for the rest of their lives. The present study used a cross-sectional design to investigate...

  7. Predicting coping styles in adolescence following trauma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Dorte Mølgaard; Hansen, Maj; Elklit, Ask

    2013-01-01

    Decades of research have established the importance of coping when dealing with a stressful or traumatic event. Individuals tend to use the same overall coping styles across situations, and correlational studies have demonstrated a relationship between individual characteristics and coping. Howev...

  8. Coping styles and personality: a biometric analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jang, Kerry L; Thordarson, Dana S; Stein, Murray B; Cohan, Sharon L; Taylor, Steven

    2007-03-01

    Previous research suggests that coping styles are modestly heritable and that this genetic influence is shared in large part with genetic influences on personality. To test this hypothesis, we estimated the heritable basis of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations in a sample of 91 monozygotic and 80 dizygotic twin pairs. Task-oriented, emotion-oriented, and social diversion coping styles were modestly heritable (h(2)=.17 to .20), whereas the use of distraction appeared to be influenced solely by environmental factors. Multivariate analyses showed that genetic contributions to coping styles were, at best, only modestly related to genetic contributions to personality (r=-.03 to .35). Environmental contributions to personality were unrelated to environmental factors in coping style. These results suggest that coping style is not merely a manifestation of basic personality traits but does support the possibility that the genetic factors in personality influences have a modest influence on an individual's preferred coping style or strength (e.g., rigidity vs flexibility).

  9. Linking fearfulness and coping styles in fish

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Martins, C.I.; Silva, P.I.M.; Conceição, L.E.C.; Costas, B.; Höglund, E.; Overli, O.; Schrama, J.W.

    2011-01-01

    Consistent individual differences in cognitive appraisal and emotional reactivity, including fearfulness, are important personality traits in humans, non-human mammals, and birds. Comparative studies on teleost fishes support the existence of coping styles and behavioral syndromes also in poikilothe

  10. Coping styles of older adults with ostomies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reynaud, Sheila Normand; Meeker, Bonnie Juve'

    2002-05-01

    Various clinical studies throughout the years have shown that individuals with ostomies are a unique group facing adjustment demands. One of the most important challenges for an individual with an ostomy is coping with the physiological and psychological changes. The purpose of this study was to describe coping styles of older adults after undergoing ostomy surgery and to explore its helpfulness in dealing with the stressors related to having an ostomy. Lazarus and Folkman's theory on stress and coping was used as the framework to guide this study. A sample of 27 participants ranging from age 50 to 84 years was obtained from an ostomy association in southeastern Louisiana. Participants were asked to complete a demographic data form and the Revised Jalowiec Coping Scale. This revised scale measured eight coping styles related to Use and Effectiveness. Findings revealed significant differences existed among the means of the eight measures for both Use and Effectiveness at p coping were the most frequently used as effective styles for coping with an ostomy. This indicated a positive outlook and dependence on oneself rather than dependence on others when coping with the stressors of having an ostomy. There were no statistically significant differences related to gender or ostomy type. Also, aging did not appear to be a factor when considering coping styles of older adults with ostomies. The nursing role should include assessment of the individual preoperatively to identify fears, concerns, and stressors related to having an ostomy. Also, nurses can provide education on disease management, assist with identification of ineffective coping mechanisms, and promote effective coping skills and stress management techniques.

  11. Pharmacological treatment of hyperinsulineamia in rats depends on coping style

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boersma, Gretha; Benthem, Lambertus; van Dijk, Gertjan; Steimer, Thierry J.; Scheurink, Anton J. W.

    2011-01-01

    Passive and proactive coping styles are associated with marked differences in behavioral and neuroendocrine responses. Previous studies revealed that the passive individuals are more prone to hyperinsulineamia. Likewise, we hypothesize that different coping styles may require different drugs to trea

  12. Linking fearfulness and coping styles in fish.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catarina I M Martins

    Full Text Available Consistent individual differences in cognitive appraisal and emotional reactivity, including fearfulness, are important personality traits in humans, non-human mammals, and birds. Comparative studies on teleost fishes support the existence of coping styles and behavioral syndromes also in poikilothermic animals. The functionalist approach to emotions hold that emotions have evolved to ensure appropriate behavioral responses to dangerous or rewarding stimuli. Little information is however available on how evolutionary widespread these putative links between personality and the expression of emotional or affective states such as fear are. Here we disclose that individual variation in coping style predicts fear responses in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus, using the principle of avoidance learning. Fish previously screened for coping style were given the possibility to escape a signalled aversive stimulus. Fearful individuals showed a range of typically reactive traits such as slow recovery of feed intake in a novel environment, neophobia, and high post-stress cortisol levels. Hence, emotional reactivity and appraisal would appear to be an essential component of animal personality in species distributed throughout the vertebrate subphylum.

  13. Personality disorders, depression, and coping styles in Argentinean bulimic patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gongora, Vanesa C; van der Staak, Cees P F; Derksen, Jan J L

    2004-06-01

    This study investigates the coping styles of bulimic patients with personality disorders (PDs) and the effects of the level of depression on the relations between PDs and coping. The sample consisted of 75 Argentinean bulimic outpatients engaged in treatment. Patients completed the SCID II (Structural Interview for DSM IV-Personality Disorders), COPE (Coping Inventory), and the SCL-90-R (Symptom Checklist-90-Revised). No differences in the coping styles of bulimic patients with or without a PD were found. However, when three specific PDs were considered-Avoidant, Obsessive-Compulsive, or Borderline PDs-clear differences in the coping styles of the bulimics were found. However, the differences disappeared when depression was controlled. Regarding the severity of the three specific PDs, coping styles were only found to be associated with the Avoidant PD. Depression showed to affect the relations between coping styles and two specific PDs-Avoidant and Borderline PDs-in bulimic patients.

  14. Maternal coping styles and adjustment in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atlas, J G; Rickel, A U

    1988-06-01

    A comprehensive examination of children's social-emotional adjustment as related to maternal coping styles was performed. Subjects were 186 black mothers from lower-income families, and their children who were enrolled in the Detroit Public Schools Area F, Title I Preschool Program. Maternal nurturant and restrictive child rearing practices, life stress, locus of control and marital status were evaluated with respect to each of the child variables of school adjustment, self-concept and social problem solving skills. Maternal life stress was significantly related to children's lower self-concept, higher aggression, use of finagling and nondirective problem-solving strategies. Significant negative relationships were found between maternal nurturance and child moodiness and learning problems in school, further validating the Modified Child Rearing Practices Report. These findings provide support for expanding the current child developmental focus of preventive parenting programs to include maternal coping strategies such as improved communication and assertiveness training.

  15. Styles of coping and the level of dogmatism in utterance texts as an indicator of anxiety in situations of social exposure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zinczuk-Zielazna Joanna

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A study was carried out involving persons representing high-anxious, low-anxious and repressor types according to the classification of Weinberger, Davidson & Schwartz (1979, selected using the Marlowe-Crowne Social Desirability Scale and the trait anxiety scale of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. In seeking indicators of anxiety in repressors and high-anxious groups, the authors decided to analyse the level of dogmatism observed in utterance texts. The research was intended to determine whether styles of coping with threatening stimuli condition the level of dogmatism, which was regarded as a cognitive defence mechanism against anxiety. The method of formal analysis of texts (speeches given by the participants in a situation of social exposure was used to identify their level of dogmatism, measured using the Dogmatism Quotient developed by Ertel. The highest value of the Dogmatism Quotient was recorded for repressors, and the lowest for the low-anxious subjects; a similar pattern was also observed for certain particular dimensions of dogmatism. Statistically significant differences in the level of dogmatism were found between the repressor and lowanxious groups and between the high-anxious and low-anxious groups. The study confirmed the previously discovered pattern whereby repressors exhibit more similarities to high-anxious than to low-anxious persons.

  16. Correlations between coping styles and symptom expectation for whiplash injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrari, Robert; Russell, Anthony S

    2010-11-01

    In pain conditions, active coping has been found to be associated with less severe depression, increased activity level, and less functional impairment. Studies indicate that Canadians have a high expectation for chronic pain following whiplash injury. Expectation of recovery has been shown to predict recovery in whiplash victims. The objective of this study was to compare both the expectations and the coping style for whiplash injury in injury-naive subjects. The Vanderbilt Pain Management Inventory was administered to university students. Subjects who had not yet experienced whiplash injury were given a vignette concerning a neck sprain (whiplash injury) in a motor vehicle collision and were asked to indicate how likely they were to have thoughts or behaviors indicated in the coping style questionnaire. Subjects also completed expectation questionnaires regarding whiplash injury. Subjects (57%) held an expectation of chronic pain after whiplash injury. The mean active coping style score was 28.5±6.6 (40 is the maximum score for active coping). The mean passive coping style score was 28.5±6.6 (50 is the maximum score for passive coping). Those with high passive coping styles had a higher mean expectation score. The correlation between passive coping style score and expectation score was 0.62, while the correlation between active coping style score and expectation was -0.48. Both expectations and coping styles may interact or be co-modifiers in the outcomes of whiplash injury in whiplash victims. Further studies of coping style as an etiologic factor in the chronic whiplash syndrome are needed.

  17. Coping styles in farmed fish: consequences for aquaculture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Castanheira, Maria Filipa; Conceição, Luís E.C.; Millot, Sandie

    2015-01-01

    on coping styles may contribute to improved sustainability of the aquaculture industry, including welfare and performance of farmed fish. Moreover, we will suggest areas for future research, where genetic basis (heritability/epigenetic) of coping styles, and the neuroendocrine mechanisms behind consistent...

  18. Coping Styles in Youths with Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Cindy L.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    Evaluated relationships between two coping styles and two health outcomes in 135 youth with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM). Found that poor adherence to treatment, older adolescent age, and long duration of IDDM correlated with ventilation and avoidance coping. High ventilation and avoidance coping was predicted by high stress, low…

  19. Coping styles in healthy individuals at risk of affective disorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinberg, Maj; Froekjaer, Vibe Gedsoe; Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2010-01-01

    .001) and Avoidance coping (p = 0.04) than individuals not at risk. Adjusted for gender, age, years of education, and recent stressful life events the high-risk individuals used more emotion-oriented coping (p = 0.03). In conclusion, maladaptive coping style may represent a trait marker for mood disorder improving...

  20. Testing the predictions of coping styles theory in threespined sticklebacks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensky, Miles K.; Paitz, Ryan; Pereira, Laura; Bell, Alison M.

    2017-01-01

    Coping styles theory provides a framework for understanding individual variation in how animals respond to environmental change, and predicts how individual differences in stress responsiveness and behavior might relate to cognitive differences. According to coping styles theory, proactive individuals are bolder, less reactive to stressors, and more routinized than their reactive counterparts. A key tenet of coping styles theory is that variation in coping styles is maintained by tradeoffs with behavioral flexibility: proactive individuals excel in stable environments while more flexible, reactive individuals perform better in variable environments. Here, we assess evidence for coping styles within a natural population of threespined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). We developed a criterion-based learning paradigm to evaluate individual variation in initial and reversal learning. We observed strong individual differences in boldness, cortisol production, and learning performance. Consistent with coping styles, fish that released more cortisol were more timid in response to a predator attack and slower to learn a color discrimination task. However, there was no evidence that reactive individuals performed better when the environment changed (when the rewarded color was reversed). The failure to detect trade-offs between behavioral routinization and flexibility prompts other explanations for the maintenance of differing coping styles. PMID:28017848

  1. Coping styles in healthy individuals at risk of affective disorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinberg, Maj; Froekjaer, Vibe Gedsoe; Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2010-01-01

    Coping styles may influence the perceived life stress experienced by an individual and, therefore, also be critical in the development of affective disorders. This study examined whether familial risk of affective disorder is associated with the use of maladaptive coping styles, in healthy...... individuals. One hundred twelve high-risk and 78 low-risk individuals were identified through nation-wide registers and invited to participate in an extensive psychiatric evaluation including the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. The high-risk individuals used more Emotion-oriented (p = 0.......001) and Avoidance coping (p = 0.04) than individuals not at risk. Adjusted for gender, age, years of education, and recent stressful life events the high-risk individuals used more emotion-oriented coping (p = 0.03). In conclusion, maladaptive coping style may represent a trait marker for mood disorder improving...

  2. The Relationship between Coping Styles and Hardiness among Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akram Dehghani

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hardiness is a personality characteristic which facilitates effective coping with stress and prevents from mental and physical problems. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of hardiness trait on the use of coping styles. Methods: The population of the study included students at Payam-noor University of Golpaygan. Using a cluster sampling procedure, 8 humanities classes and 8 basic sciences classes were selected and 280 students from these classes participated in the study. The participants completed Ahvaz Hardiness Inventory and Young People Coping Style Scale. The data were analyzed through t-test, ANOVA and stepwise regression analysis. Results: The results showed no difference between boys and girls and humanities and basic sciences students in terms of the level of hardiness. Results of F test showed no significant difference between three coping styles in groups of basic sciences and humanities, but in refer- to – others strategy and non-efficient coping style, women had a higher average than men. A significant relationship was observed between hardiness and the problem-solving and refer to others coping strategies (P<0.001. Results of stepwise regression analysis showed that coping styles of problem solving and non-efficient coping predicted respectively 44 and 47 percent of the variance in hardiness. In other words, the relationship between hardiness and coping styles is influenced only by coping style of problem-solving and non-efficient coping strategies. Conclusion: The results of the research suggest that hardiness creates the inner attitude that will affect confronting of people with life problems and makes people to view mental stress realistically and open-mindedly. In this regard, developing educational and remedial programs at universities can be very helpful.

  3. Self-serving episodic memory biases: Findings in the repressive coping style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren L Alston

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Individuals with a repressive coping style self-report low anxiety, but show high defensiveness and high physiological arousal. Repressors have impoverished negative autobiographical memories and are better able to suppress memory for negatively valenced and self-related laboratory materials when asked to do so. Research on spontaneous forgetting of negative information in repressors suggests that they show significant forgetting of negative items, but only after a delay. Unknown is whether increased forgetting after a delay is potentiated by self-relevance. Here we asked in three experiments whether repressors would show reduced episodic memories for negative self-relevant information when tested immediately versus after a 2-day delay. We predicted that repressors would show an exaggerated reduction in recall of negative self-relevant memories after a delay, at least without anew priming of this information. We tested a total of 300 participants (experiment 1: N= 95, experiment 2: N=106; experiment 3: N=99 of four types: repressors, high anxious, low anxious, and defensive high anxious individuals. Participants judged positive and negative adjectives with regard to self-descriptiveness, serving as incidental encoding. Surprise free recall was conducted immediately after encoding (experiment 1, after a 2-day delay (experiment 2 or after a 2-day delay following priming via a lexical decision task (experiment 3. In experiment 1, repressors showed a bias against negative self-relevant words in immediate recall. Such a bias was neither observed in delayed recall without priming nor in delayed recall with priming. Thus, counter to our hypothesis, negative information that was initially judged as self-relevant was not forgotten at a higher rate after a delay in repressors. We suggest that repressors may reinterpret initially negative information in a more positive light after a delay, and therefore no longer experience the need to bias their recall

  4. Personality traits, coping styles and psychosomatic tendencies in students

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines differences in personality traits and coping styles between the students who are prone to psychosomatic conditions and those who are not, and it also examines if there is a connection between certain personality traits and coping styles among the two groups of students. The research was conducted in Niš on a sample of students of the Faculty of Law, Faculty of Economics, and Faculty of Philosophy (60 students were prone to psychosomatic conditions, and 60 comprised the con...

  5. Correlates of Coping Styles in an Adolescent Trauma Sample

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Dorte M.; Hansen, Maj; Elklit, Ask

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Individuals generally use the same coping styles across situations. It is important to identify maladaptive cop- ing in adolescents as coping patterns may persist into adult- hood, and are associated with mental health. The present study used a cross-sectional design to investigate the c...

  6. Coping Styles as Mediators of Teachers' Classroom Management Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Ramon; Roache, Joel; Romi, Shlomo

    2011-01-01

    This study reports the relationships between coping styles of Australian teachers and the classroom based classroom management techniques they use to cope with student misbehaviour. There is great interest internationally in improving educational systems by upgrading the quality of teachers' classroom management. However, the relationship between…

  7. The Coexistence of Coping Resources and Specific Coping Styles in Stress: Evidence from Full Information Item Bifactor Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Meng; Wu, Qing; Zhu, Xia; Miao, Danmin; Zhang, Yan; Feng, Xi; Xiao, Wei

    2014-01-01

    Background Knowledge of coping styles is useful in clinical diagnosis and suggesting specific therapeutic interventions. However, the latent structures and relationships between different aspects of coping styles have not been fully clarified. A full information item bifactor model will be beneficial to future research. Objective One goal of this study is identification of the best fit statistical model of coping styles. A second goal is entails extended analyses of latent relationships among different coping styles. In general, such research should offer greater understanding of the mechanisms of coping styles and provide insights into coping with stress. Methods Coping Styles Questionnaire (CSQ) and Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES) were administrated to officers suffering from military stress. Confirmatory Factor Analyses was performed to indentify the best fit model. A hierarchical item response model (bifactor model) was adopted to analyze the data. Additionally, correlations among coping styles and self-efficacy were compared using both original and bifactor models. Results Results showed a bifactor model best fit the data. Item loadings on general and specific factors varied among different coping styles. All items loaded significantly on the general factor, and most items also had moderate to large loadings on specific factors. The correlation between coping styles and self-efficacy and the correlation among different coping styles changed significantly after extracting the general factor of coping stress using bifactor analysis. This was seen in changes from positive (r = 0.714, pstyles have a bifactor structure. They also provide direct evidence of coexisting coping resources and styles. This further clarifies that dimensions of coping styles should include coping resources and specific coping styles. This finding has implications for measurement of coping mechanisms, health maintenance, and stress reduction. PMID:24787952

  8. Are Different Coping Styles Mitigating Perceived Stress Associated With Depressive Symptoms Among Pregnant Women?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Ying; Wang, Yuqiong; Kwong, Dennis Ho Keung; Wang, Ying

    2016-04-01

    To test the direct and moderating effects of different coping styles in mitigating perceived stress associated with antenatal depressive symptoms among 755 women. The Perceived Stress Scale, the Trait Coping Styles Questionnaire, and the Edinburgh Depressive Postnatal Scale were used to test different effects in multiple linear regression models. Direct effects of positive and negative coping styles were found. Positive coping styles have moderating effects on perceived stress but negative coping styles do not. Health services should dedicate resources to teach women positive coping styles to decrease their vulnerability to developing antenatal depressive symptoms. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. The Effectiveness of Early Group Intervention for Military Reserves Soldiers: The Role of the Repressive Coping Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoval-Zuckerman, Yael; Dekel, Rachel; Solomon, Zahava; Levi, Ofir

    2015-01-01

    This study had two aims: 1. To examine whether soldiers who participated in Early Group Intervention (EGI) would show less distress and better functioning and physical health than soldiers who did not participate in EGI, and 2. To examine the contribution of the intervention to participants with repressive coping style. The sample comprised 166 male reserve soldiers who fought in the Second Lebanon War. The intervention was conducted three months after the traumatic event, was based on military protocol, and took place over the course of one day. Data were collected at two points in time (four months apart). The findings indicated that after EGI, the intervention group experienced less post-traumatic distress than did the control group. In addition, four months after the intervention, the functioning and physical health of the intervention group was significantly better than that of the control group. Notably, the intensity of post-traumatic distress before the intervention was lower among repressors and low-anxious soldiers than among soldiers in the other two groups (high-anxious and defensive). No significant differences were found after the intervention with regard to the various styles of coping with post-traumatic distress. Future clinical implications of the findings are discussed.

  10. Emotions, Coping Style and Aggression during Adolescence

    OpenAIRE

    Mestre Escrivá, Vicenta; Universitat de Valencia; Samper García, Paula; Universitat de Valencia; Tur Porcar, Ana María; Universitat de Valencia; Richaud de Minzi, Cristina; Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicología Matemática y Experimental (CIIPME), dependiente del Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET); Mesurado, Belen; Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicología Matemática y Experimental (CIIPME), dependiente del Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET)

    2012-01-01

    This study assesses the relation between coping strategies and emotions to know to what extend these are processes related to aggressive behavior. We assume that the aggression influence coping mechanisms in solving problems and handling of emotions: emotional instability (lack of self-control in stressful situations) or empathy (feelings faced to “other” who has a problem or need). A sample of 1.557 boys and girls, with an age range of 12-15 years, enrolled in first-cycle of Compulsory Se...

  11. Temperament and stress coping styles in bronchial asthma patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuna, Piotr; Witusik, Andrzej; Wujcik, Radosław; Antczak, Adam; Pietras, Tadeusz

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Temperament, defined as the formal characteristics of behavior, is a personality trait which can influence the clinical presentation and course of bronchial asthma. It determines susceptibility to stress as well as stress coping styles. Aim The aim of the study was to assess whether healthy subjects differ from bronchial asthma patients with regard to temperamental variables and stress coping styles, and whether these factors may also differentiate patients with severe asthma from those with the milder form. The study also assesses whether the results of flow volume curve analysis correlate with temperamental traits and stress coping styles. Material and methods The study was conducted in a group of 65 asthma patients and 62 healthy controls. All underwent flow volume curve examination and psychological tests: Formal Characteristics of Behavior – Temperament Inventory (FCB-TI) and Coping in Stress Situations (CISS) questionnaire. Results Bronchial asthma patients were characterized by a lower level of briskness (“agility”) than healthy subjects (13.35 ±4.48 vs. 14.97 ±3.98, p = 0.031). The remaining temperamental traits and stress coping styles did not differ between the groups. Additionally, the forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) value was found to correlate negatively with the intensity of the emotion-oriented stress coping style, whereas FEV1 and forced vital capacity (FVC) were found to positively correlate with briskness, emotional reactivity and endurance, while a negative correlation was found with activity. Conclusions Briskness differentiates healthy subjects from bronchial asthma patients. The values obtained in FEV1 and FVC pulmonary function tests were also found to correlate with some temperamental variables. PMID:28035226

  12. Coping Styles and Alcohol Dependence among Homeless People

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opalach, Cezary; Romaszko, Jerzy; Jaracz, Marcin; Kuchta, Robert; Borkowska, Alina; Buciński, Adam

    2016-01-01

    Background and Objectives The ways in which homeless individuals cope with stress may differ from those relied upon by the members of the general population and these differences may either be the result or the cause of their living conditions. The aim of the study was to determine the preferred coping style among the homeless and its relationship with alcohol dependence. Methods The study included 78 homeless individuals and involved the collection of demographic, sociological, psychological and medical data from each participant. Coping styles relied upon when dealing with stressful situations were assessed using a Polish adaptation of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. Alcohol dependence was assessed using the Michigan Alcoholism Screening Test (MAST) and a quantitative analysis of alcohol consumption. Results Men accounted for 91.93% of the study population. Nearly 75% of the subjects met the alcohol dependence criterion. Significant relationships were observed between the individual's age, preferred coping style and alcohol consumption level. As an individual’s age increased, the use of emotion-oriented coping styles decreased, while an increase in alcohol consumption was associated with a more frequent use of emotion- and avoidance-oriented strategies. Conclusions The findings of this study, similarly to those of many other studies of homeless individuals but investigating other areas (e.g. epidemiology of tuberculosis and traumatic injuries), are an exaggerated representation of associations observed in the general population. The results describe a group of people living on the margins of the society, often suffering from extremely advanced alcoholism, with clear evident psychodegradation. The presence of specific ways of coping with stress related to excessive alcohol consumption in this group of individuals may interfere with active participation in support programmes provided for the homeless and may further exacerbate their problems. PMID

  13. Emotional intelligence and coping styles: An intervention in geriatric nurses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarabia-Cobo, Carmen María; Suárez, Soraya González; Menéndez Crispín, Ernesto J; Sarabia Cobo, A Belén; Pérez, Victoria; de Lorena, Pablo; Rodríguez Rodríguez, Cristina; Sanlúcar Gross, Laura

    2017-06-01

    Current research indicates a relationship between EI, stress, coping strategies, well-being and mental health. Emotional intelligence skills and knowledge, and coping strategies can be increased with training. The aims of this study were to use a controlled design to test the impact of theoretically based training on the different components of EI and coping styles in a sample of nurses working with older adults. A group of 92 professionals (RN and CAN) who attended a workshop on EI were included in the study. They completed a self-reported measure of EI and coping styles on three occasions: pre- and post-workshop and at one year follow-up. The EI workshop consisted of four 4-h sessions conducted over a four-week period. Each session was held at the one-week interval. This interval allowed participants to apply what was taught during the session to their daily life. The instruments to measure the EI and coping were the Trait Meta-Mood Scale and the CAE test. There were significant differences between the pre- and post-workshop measures both at the end of the workshop and up to one year for both the Trait Meta-Mood Scale scores and the CAE test. There was a significant increase in the EI and coping styles after the workshop and one year thereafter. The workshop was useful for developing EI in the professionals. The immediate impact of the emotional consciousness of individuals was particularly significant for all participants. The long-term impact was notable for the significant increase in EI and most coping styles. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Recovery from acute whiplash - The role of coping styles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Buitenhuis, J; Spanjer, J; Fidler, [No Value

    2003-01-01

    Study Design. Prospective cohort study. Victims of car accidents who initiated compensation claim procedures at a Dutch insurance company and presented themselves with neck complaints were sent a questionnaire containing neck-related questions and questions regarding the coping styles used shortly a

  15. Coping styles and behavioural flexibility : towards underlying mechanisms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coppens, Caroline M; de Boer, Sietse F; Koolhaas, Jaap M

    2010-01-01

    A coping style (also termed behavioural syndrome or personality) is defined as a correlated set of individual behavioural and physiological characteristics that is consistent over time and across situations. This relatively stable trait is a fundamental and adaptively significant phenomenon in the b

  16. [Occupational stress, coping styles and eating habits among Polish employees].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potocka, Adrianna; Mościcka, Agnieszka

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the study was to analyze potential relations between occupational stress, coping styles and ing habits. Questionnaires administered to 160 public administration employees allowed for assessing eating habits, occupational stress and coping styles. The eating habits correlated with work stress (ro-Spearman's = 0.17-0.29). More unhealthy eating patterns were observed in employees characterized by a higher level of stress. Such stressors as overload, lack of control over work and inappropriate work organization were especially related to poorer eating habits. Among the analyzed coping styles, focusing on emotions (ro-S = 0.19) and searching for emotional support most significantly correlated with poorer eating behaviors (ro-S = 0.16). There were statistically significant differences in eating habits, depending on the level of job stress (U = 1583.50, p eating more than those with a medium level of job stress. The relationship between subjective assessment of job stress, coping and eating habits has been confirmed. Taking into account the role of stress and coping, as the potential determinants of eating patterns in humans, more attention should be paid to education and promotion of knowledge about the relationship between stress and human eating behaviors to prevent obesity and eating disorders.

  17. Association of coping styles with quality of life in cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Shakeri

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The results suggested that focusing on a patient's coping style, predominantly on an emotion-focused coping style, is essential to improve patient's QOL, and that patients possibly to employ a more emotion-oriented coping style should receive enough notice, particularly before discharge.

  18. Parents' religious coping styles in the first year after their child's cystic fibrosis diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grossoehme, Daniel H; Ragsdale, Judy; Cotton, Sian; Wooldridge, Jamie L; Grimes, Lisa; Seid, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Parents of children diagnosed with cystic fibrosis described it as "devastating." Given religion's importance to many Americans, parents may utilize religious coping. Relatively little is known about parents' use of religious coping to handle their child's illness. Interviews with 15 parents about their use of religion in the year following their child's cystic fibrosis diagnosis were coded for religious coping styles. Sixteen styles were identified. Positive religious coping styles were more frequent than negative styles (previously associated with poorer health outcomes), and occurred more frequently than in other studies. Religious coping styles used to make meaning, gain control, or seek comfort/intimacy with God were equally prevalent. The most common styles were: Pleading, Collaboration, Benevolent Religious Reappraisals, and Seeking Spiritual Support. Parents described active rather than passive coping styles. Religious coping involving religious others was rare. Clinical attention to negative religious coping may prevent it becoming chronic and negatively affecting health.

  19. Parenting styles, coping strategies, and the expression of homesickness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nijhof, Karin S; Engels, Rutger C M E

    2007-10-01

    The present study examined the role of parenting styles in the experience and expression of homesickness, and the way of coping with the feelings involved. Using a sample of 670 first year college and university students, aged 16 to 25, we tested three hypotheses: (1) authoritarian, permissive as well as uninvolved parenting are associated with the experience of homesickness, contrary to students with authoritative parents who are less likely to have feelings of homesickness; (2) students with authoritarian, permissive or uninvolved parents show their homesickness by internalizing and externalizing problems; and (3) students raised by authoritative or permissive parents use more effective coping strategies to deal with homesickness. Results indicated that students raised by authoritative and permissive parents experienced more homesickness with stronger feelings of homesickness than students raised by authoritarian or uninvolved parents. However, they hardly express homesickness by internalizing or externalizing problems when they use effective ways of coping, namely support-seeking and/or problem-solving. Students with parents endorsing an authoritarian or uninvolved parenting style, on the other hand, showed more internalizing and externalizing problems in reaction to feelings of homesickness. They also use less effective coping strategies. The results revealed the importance of a loving and accepting home environment for the development and expression of homesickness, as well as the importance of the way in which students learn to cope with their problems.

  20. Ventilation rates indicate stress-coping styles in Nile tilapia

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Rodrigo E Barreto; Gilson L Volpato

    2011-12-01

    Behavioural responses to stress can form distinct profiles in a wide range of animals: proactive and reactive profiles or coping styles. Stress responsiveness can also differentiate between the behavioural profiles. The tendency to regain feed intake following transfer to a novel social-isolation tank (the speed of acclimation) can discriminate between proactive or reactive profiles. Consequently, differential stress responsiveness can be linked to this feeding behaviour trait. This study shows that ventilation rates of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.), correlate with the rate of feeding resumption, following transfer to a novel social-isolation aquarium. Therefore, ventilation rate (VR) indicates coping styles; consequently, VR is a proxy for the way fish will deal with environmental challenges.

  1. Parents’ Religious Coping Styles in the First Year After Their Child’s Cystic Fibrosis Diagnosis

    OpenAIRE

    Grossoehme, Daniel H.; Ragsdale, Judy; Cotton, Sian; WOOLDRIDGE, JAMIE L.; Grimes, Lisa; Seid, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Parents of children diagnosed with cystic fibrosis described it as “devastating.” Given religion’s importance to many Americans, parents may utilize religious coping. Relatively little is known about parents’ use of religious coping to handle their child’s illness. Interviews with 15 parents about their use of religion in the year following their child’s cystic fibrosis diagnosis were coded for religious coping styles. Sixteen styles were identified. Positive religious coping styles were more...

  2. Depression and coping styles of stress in patients with stroke

    OpenAIRE

    Barreda S., Dennys; Facultad de Psicología, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima, Perú

    2014-01-01

    The stroke is defined as the sudden interruption of blood flow in vessels in any area of the brain. The presence of depression is given with great regularity in those affected. Also, people with more stress are potential candidates for developing stroke. For this reason, this research describe the relationship between depression and stress coping styles, in a sample of 50 stroke patients treated at the outpatient service of neurology at Daniel Alcides Carrion Hospital . For this purpose used ...

  3. Stress, Coping Styles, and Optimism: Are They Related to Meaning of Education in Students' Lives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krypel, Michelle N.; Henderson-King, Donna

    2010-01-01

    We explored the meanings that undergraduate students make of their education and how these meanings relate to students' perceived stress, styles of coping with stress, and optimism. Participants completed a meaning of education questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, the COPE (a measure of coping styles), and the Life Orientation Test-Revised.…

  4. Stress, Coping Styles, and Optimism: Are They Related to Meaning of Education in Students' Lives?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krypel, Michelle N.; Henderson-King, Donna

    2010-01-01

    We explored the meanings that undergraduate students make of their education and how these meanings relate to students' perceived stress, styles of coping with stress, and optimism. Participants completed a meaning of education questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale, the COPE (a measure of coping styles), and the Life Orientation Test-Revised.…

  5. Positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, and coping with stress by attachment styles in Turkish students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deniz, M Engin; Işik, Erkan

    2010-10-01

    The purpose was to investigate positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, and coping with stress in relation to attachment styles. Undergraduate students (N=421) completed the Relationship Scales Questionnaire, the Positive and Negative Affect Scale, the Satisfaction With Life Scale, and the Coping with Stress Scale. Results indicated that secure attachment style was the unique predictor of positive affect while fearful and preoccupied attachment styles significantly predicted negative affect. Regarding life satisfaction, a positive correlation with secure attachment style and a negative correlation with fearful and preoccupied styles were seen. However, the unique predictor of life satisfaction was preoccupied attachment style. In terms of coping with stress, there was no significant association between attachment variables and avoidance coping style, but significant links were observed between problem-focused coping and dismissing, and fearful and preoccupied attachment styles.

  6. Coping styles of parents of children and adolescents with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Prihadi, E.J; Dings, F; Heugten, van, C.M

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the types of coping strategies used by parents of children with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase and the relationship between their coping styles and psychosocial functioning. Design...

  7. The impact of coping style on gaze duration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klucken, T.; Brouwer, A.M.; Chatziastros, A.; Kagerer, S.; Netter, P.; Hennig, J.

    2010-01-01

    The understanding of individual differences in response to threat (e.g., attentional bias) is important to better understand the development of anxiety disorders. Previous studies revealed only a small attentional bias in high-anxious (HA) subjects. One explanation for this finding may be the assump

  8. The impact of coping style on gaze duration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klucken, T.; Brouwer, A.M.; Chatziastros, A.; Kagerer, S.; Netter, P.; Hennig, J.

    2010-01-01

    The understanding of individual differences in response to threat (e.g., attentional bias) is important to better understand the development of anxiety disorders. Previous studies revealed only a small attentional bias in high-anxious (HA) subjects. One explanation for this finding may be the assump

  9. Cognitive motivation correlates of coping style in decisional conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouckenooghe, Dave; Vanderheyden, Karlien; Mestdagh, Steven; Van Laethem, Sarah

    2007-11-01

    Can personality traits account for the handling of internal conflicts? The authors explored how individual differences in information-processing style affect coping patterns displayed before making important decisions. Need for cognition and need for cognitive closure were linked to the major tendencies identified in the conflict theory of decision making: vigilance, hypervigilance, and defensive avoidance (buck passing and procrastination). A sample of 1,119 Belgian human resource professionals completed the Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire, the 18-item short-form Need for Cognition Scale, and the Need for Closure Inventory. Ordinary least squares regression analysis indicated that significant relationships existed between need for cognition, need for closure, and conflict decision-making styles. The authors also found significant effects of gender and age.

  10. Understanding marital stressors. The importance of coping style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ilfeld, F W

    1980-06-01

    Previous survey work with 1591 married Chicago adults has demonstrated a close connection between symptoms of depression and current marital stressors (nonfulfillment of basic role expectations, lack of reciprocity between partners, and nonacceptance by spouse). The pertinent question now becomes which factors predispose toward marital stressors. We address this issue here by examining a broad array of variables to see which are most predictive of marital stressors by employing multiple regression analysis on data from the survey sample. A descending order of explanatory power of marital stressors occurs for the following categories of variables: respondent's style of coping with marital problems, behavior patterns within the marriage, personality factors of the respondent, other current social stressors, demographic variables, and marital circumstances. One coping style in particular, that of optimistic action, is more predictive of low marital stressors than any other single variable studied. The findings contradict several common beliefs about marital stressors: the presence of background differences between the spouses, a lack of consensus between the partners, and the presence of other social stressors (job, parenting, finances) are relatively poor predictors of marital discord.

  11. Scene-trait coping style of military rescuers in Wenchuan earthquake.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Li-Yi; Sun, Xin-Yang; Kong, Ling-Ming; Tu, De-Hua; Zhang, Liang; Li, Guang-Yao; Song, Zi-Xiang; Chen, Chun-Xia; Yao, Gao-Feng; Shi, Jie

    2014-11-01

    This study aimed to explore the scene-trait coping style of military rescuers in Wenchuan earthquake in an effort to provide scientific evidences for mental intervention program for Chinese military personnel. By cluster sampling, a total of 151 military rescuers and 331 control servicemen were administered the military personnel scene-trait coping style scale (MPSTCSS). All active coping factor scores, and passive coping factor scores of affection, health and economy in the rescuer group were significantly higher than those in control group (P military tasks, military experience and personal development than those of the 21-below age subgroup, 3-year minus service subgroup and the soldier subgroup, respectively (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The earthquake relief servicemen can cope with stressful situations better than control group by taking active coping style. The officers, servicemen older than 21 years, and servicemen with more service duration than 3 years could usually take active coping style.

  12. Conforming and nonconforming personality and stress coping styles in combat athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernacka, Ryszarda Ewa; Sawicki, Bogusław; Mazurek-Kusiak, Anna; Hawlena, Joanna

    2016-06-01

    The main objective of this study was to investigate whether the personality dimension of conformism/nonconformism was a predictor of stress coping styles in athletes training combat sports, and to present the characteristics of this personality dimension in the context of the competitors' adaptive/innovative sport performance. Scores of 346 males practising combat sports such as kick boxing, MMA, thai boxing, boxing and wrestling were analyzed. The participants completed the Creative Behaviour Questionnaire (KANH III) measuring the conformity/nonconformity personality dimension and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) measuring stress coping styles. The comparative analyses were conducted only for the groups of conformists and nonconformists. Differences in stress coping styles between conformists and nonconformists training combat sports were found as nonconformists tended to prefer the task-oriented coping style. Conclusively, a higher rate of nonconformity was associated with increasingly frequent occurrence of task-oriented coping and decreasingly frequent emotion-oriented coping.

  13. Conforming and nonconforming personality and stress coping styles in combat athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernacka Ryszarda Ewa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to investigate whether the personality dimension of conformism/nonconformism was a predictor of stress coping styles in athletes training combat sports, and to present the characteristics of this personality dimension in the context of the competitors’ adaptive/innovative sport performance. Scores of 346 males practising combat sports such as kick boxing, MMA, thai boxing, boxing and wrestling were analyzed. The participants completed the Creative Behaviour Questionnaire (KANH III measuring the conformity/nonconformity personality dimension and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS measuring stress coping styles. The comparative analyses were conducted only for the groups of conformists and nonconformists. Differences in stress coping styles between conformists and nonconformists training combat sports were found as nonconformists tended to prefer the task-oriented coping style. Conclusively, a higher rate of nonconformity was associated with increasingly frequent occurrence of task-oriented coping and decreasingly frequent emotion-oriented coping.

  14. The Comparison of Personality Characteristics and Coping Styles in Addicted and Non-Addicted Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salman Zarei

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The aim of present research was to compare the personality characteristics and coping styles of addicted adolescents with normal adolescent. Method: In this ex post facto research, two groups (normal adolescent=50 and addicted adolescent=50 were selected via cluster sampling and convenience sampling respectively. Two instruments included of NEO-FFI personality questionnaire and coping style inventory were administered, then data were analyzed by using of multivariate analysis of variance. Findings: The result revealed that there was significant difference between both group in personality characteristics and coping styles. Neuroticism and emotional focused coping styles in addicted adolescent‌s were higher than normal counterparts, and on agreeableness, conscientiousness and problem solving style were lower than them. Conclusion: The finding of present study suggests that training of efficient problem solving styles to people in order to cope with life stressful events could restrain and prevent addiction and other psychosocial disorders.

  15. Internet addiction: coping styles, expectancies, and treatment implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Matthias; Laier, Christian; Young, Kimberly S

    2014-01-01

    Internet addiction (IA) has become a serious mental health condition in many countries. To better understand the clinical implications of IA, this study tested statistically a new theoretical model illustrating underlying cognitive mechanisms contributing to development and maintenance of the disorder. The model differentiates between a generalized Internet addiction (GIA) and specific forms. This study tested the model on GIA on a population of general Internet users. The findings from 1019 users show that the hypothesized structural equation model explained 63.5% of the variance of GIA symptoms, as measured by the short version of the Internet Addiction Test. Using psychological and personality testing, the results show that a person's specific cognitions (poor coping and cognitive expectations) increased the risk for GIA. These two factors mediated the symptoms of GIA if other risk factors were present such as depression, social anxiety, low self-esteem, low self-efficacy, and high stress vulnerability to name a few areas that were measured in the study. The model shows that individuals with high coping skills and no expectancies that the Internet can be used to increase positive or reduce negative mood are less likely to engage in problematic Internet use, even when other personality or psychological vulnerabilities are present. The implications for treatment include a clear cognitive component to the development of GIA and the need to assess a patient's coping style and cognitions and improve faulty thinking to reduce symptoms and engage in recovery.

  16. Investigation of Elite Taekwondo Athletes’ Coping Styles with Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sehmus ASLAN

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to examine elite - level male and female taekwondo athletes’ coping styles with stress . A total of 111 taekwondo athletes in a Taekwondo Championships in Turkey ( 55 female and 56 male; Mean age = 21. 09 ± SD = 2.709 participated voluntarily in the study . As a data collection tool, " Ways of Coping Inventory (SCI " which was developed by Folkman and Lazarus and adapted to Turkish by Sahin and Durak (1995 was used. This is a 30 - item scale. There are five sub - dimensions of the scale. While the sub - dimensions of the "self - confident ", " optimistic " and " social support" is regarded as the most efficient ways of coping with stress , " helpless " and " submissive" is considered to be ineffective ways . For data analysis, the Mann - W hitney test analysis was used . Result of the study shows that there are statistically significant differences between men and women elite taekwondo athletes' "self - confident" (z = - 3,355, p = .001 "optimistic approach" (z = - 4,077, p = .000 . On the other hand , no statistically significant differences were found in the sub - dimension " social support " ( z = - 1.887 , p = .059 , " helpless" (z = - .920, p=.358 and " submissive" (z = - .006, p = .995

  17. Internet addiction: coping styles, expectancies, and treatment implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brand, Matthias; Laier, Christian; Young, Kimberly S.

    2014-01-01

    Internet addiction (IA) has become a serious mental health condition in many countries. To better understand the clinical implications of IA, this study tested statistically a new theoretical model illustrating underlying cognitive mechanisms contributing to development and maintenance of the disorder. The model differentiates between a generalized Internet addiction (GIA) and specific forms. This study tested the model on GIA on a population of general Internet users. The findings from 1019 users show that the hypothesized structural equation model explained 63.5% of the variance of GIA symptoms, as measured by the short version of the Internet Addiction Test. Using psychological and personality testing, the results show that a person’s specific cognitions (poor coping and cognitive expectations) increased the risk for GIA. These two factors mediated the symptoms of GIA if other risk factors were present such as depression, social anxiety, low self-esteem, low self-efficacy, and high stress vulnerability to name a few areas that were measured in the study. The model shows that individuals with high coping skills and no expectancies that the Internet can be used to increase positive or reduce negative mood are less likely to engage in problematic Internet use, even when other personality or psychological vulnerabilities are present. The implications for treatment include a clear cognitive component to the development of GIA and the need to assess a patient’s coping style and cognitions and improve faulty thinking to reduce symptoms and engage in recovery. PMID:25426088

  18. Associations of Coping and Appraisal Styles with Emotion Regulation during Preadolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zalewski, Maureen; Lengua, Liliana J.; Wilson, Anna C.; Trancik, Anika; Bazinet, Alissa

    2011-01-01

    We investigated the associations of appraisal and coping styles with emotion regulation in a community sample of preadolescents (N = 196, 9-12 years of age), with appraisal, coping styles, and emotion regulation measured at a single time point. In a previous study, we identified five frustration and four anxiety emotion regulation profiles based…

  19. Analysis of coping styles of elderly women patients with stress urinary incontinence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binbin Yu

    2016-06-01

    Conclusions: Elderly female patients with SUI differ in the factors that influence their coping styles; therefore, clinical and community medical staff should include a comprehensive analysis that takes these factors into consideration when working with patients with SUI to guide them in adopting a positive coping style.

  20. Romantic Relationships, Relationship Styles, Coping Strategies, and Psychological Distress among Chinese and Australian Young Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Cynthia; Moore, Susan; Karnilowicz, Wally; Lung, C. L.

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the association between relationship styles, coping strategies, and psychological distress among 144 Anglo-Australian and 250 Hong Kong Chinese undergraduate students. The results indicated that relationship styles (secure, clingy, and fickle) influenced psychological distress through their association with coping strategies…

  1. Coping style development: The role of learning goal orientation and metacognitive awareness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Delahaij, R.; Dam, K. van

    2016-01-01

    Professionals in high-risk organizations, such as the military, need to develop effective coping styles in order to deal with dangerous and stressful situations. Although most of these organizations already offer programs and interventions aimed at improving employees' coping styles, there is still

  2. Learning Styles and Their Relationship to Stress and Coping in College Women

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaughn, L. M.; Hensley, B.; Baker, R. C.; Dearman, L.

    2010-01-01

    The authors examined the relationship between specific learning styles and stress and coping in a sample of female college students (N = 246). Participants in the study were assessed on the three variables by completing several self-report instruments measuring learning styles, life stress level, and coping skills. There were significant…

  3. Sex and age differences in coping styles among children with chronic pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Anne M; Kashikar-Zuck, Susmita; Goldschneider, Kenneth R; Jones, Benjamin A

    2007-02-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine sex and age differences in coping strategies among pediatric patients with chronic pain. Sex differences are reported in the adult pain and coping literatures, but little attention has been given to possible distinctions in coping styles in the pediatric chronic pain population. Investigating pain coping skills at an early age may provide clinicians with a better understanding of the evolution of characteristic coping styles and identify areas for intervention. Pain intensity (Visual Analog Scale), pain coping strategies (Pain Coping Questionnaire), and coping efficacy were assessed in children (ages 8-12 years) and adolescents (ages 13-18 years), presenting to a pediatric chronic pain clinic (n=272). Significant sex differences in coping strategies were found. After controlling for pain intensity, girls used social support seeking more than boys, while boys used more behavioral distraction techniques. Adolescents engaged in more positive self-statements (a cognitive strategy) than children. Both boys and girls showed a trend toward pain coping efficacy being negatively correlated with average pain intensity. For girls, pain coping efficacy was also significantly negatively correlated with internalizing/catastrophizing. However, no sex or age differences in coping efficacy were found. This study demonstrates the early emergence of sex- and aged-based preferences in coping strategies among children and adolescents with chronic pain. The findings establish a basis for further research on early social influences in the development of pain coping styles in males and females. Implications for further clinical research in this area are discussed.

  4. Behavioral and physiological indicators of stress coping styles in larval zebrafish.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tudorache, C.; Braake, A.D. ter; Tromp, M.; Slabbekoorn, H.; Schaaf, M.J.

    2015-01-01

    Different individuals cope with stressors in different ways. Stress coping styles are defined as a coherent set of individual behavioral and physiological differences in the response to a stressor which remain consistent across time and context. In the present study, we have investigated coping styl

  5. Stress coping style does not determine social status, but influences the consequences of social subordination stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boersma, Gretha J; Smeltzer, Michael D; Scott, Karen A; Scheurink, Anton J; Tamashiro, Kellie L; Sakai, Randall R

    2017-01-06

    Chronic stress exposure may have negative consequences for health. One of the most common sources of chronic stress is stress associated with social interaction. In rodents, the effects of social stress can be studied in a naturalistic way using the visual burrow system (VBS). The way an individual copes with stress, their "stress coping style", may influence the consequences of social stress. In the current study we tested the hypothesis that stress coping style may modulate social status and influence the consequences of having a lower social status. We formed 7 VBS colonies, with 1 proactive coping male, 1 passive coping male, and 4 female rats per colony to assess whether a rat's coping style prior to colony formation could predict whether that individual is more likely to become socially dominant. The rats remained in their respective colonies for 14days and the physiological and behavioral consequences of social stress were assessed. Our study shows that stress coping style does not predict social status. However, stress coping style may influence the consequences of having a lower social status. Subordinate passive and proactive rats had distinctly different wound patterns; proactive rats had more wounds on the front of their bodies. Behavioral analysis confirmed that proactive subordinate rats engaged in more offensive interactions. Furthermore, subordinate rats with a proactive stress coping style had larger adrenals, and increased stress responsivity to a novel acute stressor (restraint stress) compared to passive subordinate rats or dominant rats, suggesting that the allostatic load may have been larger in this group.

  6. Internet addiction: Coping Styles, Expectancies, and Treatment Implications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias eBrand

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Internet addiction has become a serious mental health condition in many countries. To better understand the clinical implications of Internet addiction, this study tested statistically a new theoretical model illustrating underlying cognitive mechanisms contributing to development and maintenance of the disorder. The model differentiates between a generalized Internet addiction (GIA and specific forms. This study tested the model on GIA on a population of general Internet users. The findings from 1019 users showed that the hypothesized structural equation model explained 63.5% of the variance of GIA symptoms, as measured by the short version of the Internet Addiction Test (s-IAT. Using psychological and personality testing, the results show that a person’s specific cognitions (poor coping and cognitive expectations increased the risk for generalized Internet addiction. These two factors mediated the symptoms of GIA if other risk factors were present such as depression, social anxiety, low self-esteem, low self-efficacy, and high stress vulnerability to name a few areas that were measured in the study. The model shows that individuals with high coping skills and no expectancies that the Internet can be used to increase positive or reduce negative mood are less likely to engage in problematic Internet use, even when other personality or psychological vulnerabilities are present. The implications for treatment include a clear cognitive component to the development of generalized Internet addiction and the need to assess a patient’s coping style and cognitions and improve faulty thinking to reduce symptoms and engage in recovery.

  7. MONITORING AND BLUNTING COPING STYLES - THE MILLER BEHAVIORAL STYLE SCALE AND ITS CORRELATES, AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ALTERNATIVE QUESTIONNAIRE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    MURIS, P; VANZUUREN, FJ; de Jong, Peter; DEBEURS, E; HANEWALD, G

    1994-01-01

    The present article presents two studies concerning the measurement of monitoring (information seeking under threat) and blunting (information avoidance) coping styles. Study 1 (n = 69) showed that the widely used Miller Behavioural Style Scale suffers from a number of weaknesses such as insufficien

  8. Cognitive mediational deficits and the role of coping styles in pedophile and ephebophile Roman Catholic clergy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Gregory P; Baerwald, Jeffrey P; McGlone, Gerard

    2008-01-01

    This study was designed to examine hypothesized differences between sex offending and nonoffending Roman Catholic clergy on cognitive mediation abilities as measured by the Rorschach Inkblot Test (H. Rorschach, 1921/1942). This study compared 78 priest pedophiles and 77 priest ephebophiles with 80 nonoffending priest controls on the Inkblot test using J. E. Exner's (2003) Comprehensive System. The three groups were compared on seven variables that constitute Exner's Cognitive Mediation cluster. Additionally, the groups' coping styles were compared to examine the interaction of coping style and cognitive mediational abilities. We found interactions between coping style and offending status across most of the cognitive variables indicating impairment in the mild to pathological ranges. Moreover, significantly higher unusual thinking styles (Xu%) and significantly lower conventional thinking styles (X+%) in offenders compared to nonoffenders. Those with an Extratensive style (n=31) showed significantly higher distorted thinking when compared to the Introversive (n=81), Ambitent (n=73), and Avoidant (n=50) coping styles. This study suggests that offenders display significantly higher distorted thinking styles than do nonoffenders. Possible reasons for these discrepancies and the role of coping styles in abusive behaviors were discussed.

  9. Relationship of chronic stress, social support, and coping style to health among Namibian refugees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shisana, O; Celentano, D D

    1987-01-01

    This study investigates how social support and coping style affect the relationship between a traumatic chronic stressor and health status. A population of 88 Namibian refugees living in an equatorial region of Africa participated in the study. The central hypothesis was that social support and coping style moderate the relationship between length of stay in exile (a proxy measure of chronic stress) and health status (symptoms of generalized anxiety disorders, self-reported physical health status and length of stay in hospital). The results show that when social support is high the relationship between length of stay in exile and all three health outcomes is substantially reduced. When social support is low, the relation between stress and poor health outcomes is high. Coping style moderates the relationship between length of stay in exile and period of hospitalization but has no effect on level of anxiety or perceived health status. When both social support and coping style are simultaneously considered, the best results emerge.

  10. Relationship between uncertainty in illness, mood state and coping style in patients with temporomandibular disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dong-ye Yang

    2015-12-01

    Conclusions: Both uncertainty in illness and mood state were related to coping style. These data suggest that nurses should be trained to offer appropriate guidance to help decrease patients' uncertainty in illness and relieve their negative emotions.

  11. Links between Perceived Leadership Styles and Self-reported Coping Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Eva Boštjančič; Maja Pezdir; Janez Stare

    2013-01-01

    The focus of this study was the relatively unexplored link between perceived leadership styles and employees' current levels of workplace stress and coping strategies. The participants were 442 employees in five IT organisations in Slovenia. The theoretical background for leadership styles was taken from the full-range leadership model. Data were collected using three questionnaires: Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, Ways of Coping Questionnaire, and a single questionnaire item on the cur...

  12. The association of personality traits and coping styles according to stress level

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    Background: Some personality traits and coping styles could be as risk factors in stressful situations. This study aimed to investigate the association of personality traits and coping styles according to the stress level. Meterials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in 2011. A total of 4628 individuals over 20 years were selected by random sampling from nonacademic employees that working in 50 different centers across Isfahan province. Data were collected using 12-item Gen...

  13. A model linking sources of stress to approach and avoidance coping styles of Turkish basketball referees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anshel, Mark Howard; Sutarso, Toto; Ekmekci, Ridvan; Saraswati, Intan W

    2014-01-01

    Purpose of this study was to externally validate and test a conceptual transient model involving six paths that linked sources of acute stress to avoidance and approach coping styles among Turkish basketball referees. The sample consisted of 125 Turkish basketball referees ranging in age from 18 to 36 years (mean = 25.58. σ = 3.69). The path analysis tested the relationships simultaneously from stressors, in consecutive order, distractions, subpar performance and verbal abuse, to coping styles, first both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive, and then approach-behaviour. Results indicated that the model achieved a good fit and that all paths tested simultaneously were significant. The distractions stressor was positively related to subpar performance, which, in turn, was positively related to verbal abuse. Verbal abuse was negatively associated with an avoidance-cognitive coping style and positively related to the approach-cognitive coping style. The results also supported a crossover effect of both avoidance-cognitive and approach-cognitive on approach-behaviour. One implication of this study is that coping should be studied in naturally occurring stages, a process-oriented approach. Another implication is that approach and avoidance coping styles, each sub-divided into cognitive and behavioural categories, provide a meaningful framework which provides sports officials a coherent structure for learning and improving ways to cope with acute stress experienced during the contest.

  14. Positive coping styles and perigenual ACC volume: two related mechanisms for conferring resilience?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holz, Nathalie E; Boecker, Regina; Jennen-Steinmetz, Christine; Buchmann, Arlette F; Blomeyer, Dorothea; Baumeister, Sarah; Plichta, Michael M; Esser, Günter; Schmidt, Martin; Meyer-Lindenberg, Andreas; Banaschewski, Tobias; Brandeis, Daniel; Laucht, Manfred

    2016-05-01

    Stress exposure has been linked to increased rates of depression and anxiety in adults, particularly in females, and has been associated with maladaptive changes in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), which is an important brain structure involved in internalizing disorders. Coping styles are important mediators of the stress reaction by establishing homeostasis, and may thus confer resilience to stress-related psychopathology. Anatomical scans were acquired in 181 healthy participants at age 25 years. Positive coping styles were determined using a self-report questionnaire (German Stress Coping Questionnaire, SVF78) at age 22 years. Adult anxiety and depression symptoms were assessed at ages 22, 23 and 25 years with the Young Adult Self-Report. Information on previous internalizing diagnoses was obtained by diagnostic interview (2-19 years). Positive coping styles were associated with increased ACC volume. ACC volume and positive coping styles predicted anxiety and depression in a sex-dependent manner with increased positive coping and ACC volume being related to lower levels of psychopathology in females, but not in males. These results remained significant when controlled for previous internalizing diagnoses. These findings indicate that positive coping styles and ACC volume are two linked mechanisms, which may serve as protective factors against internalizing disorders. © The Author (2016). Published by Oxford University Press. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  15. Links between Perceived Leadership Styles and Self-reported Coping Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Boštjančič

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The focus of this study was the relatively unexplored link between perceived leadership styles and employees' current levels of workplace stress and coping strategies. The participants were 442 employees in five IT organisations in Slovenia. The theoretical background for leadership styles was taken from the full-range leadership model. Data were collected using three questionnaires: Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire, Ways of Coping Questionnaire, and a single questionnaire item on the current level of workplace stress. Correlations and linear regression were used to test whether leadership style influences the employees' stress-coping strategies.Lower levels of stress at work were found for employees whose leader showed more transformational or transactional leadership behaviours. The results showed low to moderate correlations between the three basic leadership styles and coping strategies such as positive reappraisal, seeking social assistance, and negative escape/avoidance. These coping strategies were more frequently used by employees whose leaders often used transformational and transactional leadership styles. Employees whose leaders frequently used passive-avoidant leadership style more often approach to stress situations with escape, avoidance, and rarely with positive reappraisal. But the regression models explained only 2% to 7% of the variance for certain coping strategie.

  16. The Comparison of Hardiness and Coping Styles with Psychological Stress in Addicted and Normal People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rahim Molazadeh, E

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the hardiness and coping styles with stress in addicted and normal people in the city of Rasht. Method: The method of this study was causal comparative research. In sampling one hundred addicts were selected by multistage cluster sampling and one hundred normal ones selected by available sampling, then the Kobasa personal views survey and Moos and Billings coping styles questionnaires were administered among both groups. The Pearson correlation coefficients, independent samples t-test and regression analysis were used for data analysis. Results: The results showed that there were significant differences between the mean scores of hardiness and emotion focused coping style in addicted and normal people, but there was no significant difference on problem focused coping style. Regression analysis also showed that hardiness can be a significant predictor for emotion focused coping style. Conclusion: The findings of this research show the important role of some of the personality characteristics such as hardiness and coping styles with stress that may correlate with the tendency to addiction and substance abuse in people.

  17. Big five personality and adolescent Internet addiction: The mediating role of coping style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yueyue; Li, Dongping; Li, Xian; Wang, Yanhui; Zhao, Liyan

    2017-01-01

    This study examined the unique associations between big five personality traits and adolescent Internet addiction (IA), as well as the mediating role of coping style underlying these relations. Our theoretical model was tested with 998 adolescents. Participants provided self-report data on demographic variables, big five personality traits, coping style, and IA. After controlling for demographic variables, it was found that agreeableness and conscientiousness were negatively associated with IA, whereas extraversion, neuroticism, and openness to experience were positively associated with IA. Mediation analyses further indicated that conscientiousness had an indirect impact on adolescent IA through decreased emotion-focused coping, whereas extraversion, neuroticism, openness to experience had indirect impacts on adolescent IA through increased emotion-focused coping. In contrast, problem-focused coping had no mediating role. These findings suggest that emotion-focused coping may, in part, account for the association between big five personality and adolescent IA.

  18. Coping Styles and Depression Among Undocumented Hispanic Immigrants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cobb, Cory L; Xie, Dong; Sanders, Gardiner L

    2016-08-01

    This cross-sectional study examined coping strategies and their relationship with depression among undocumented Hispanic immigrants. A community sample of 122 self-identified undocumented Hispanics filled out questionnaires measuring coping and depression. The authors categorized coping strategies as problem-focused, active-emotional, or avoidant-emotional. Findings indicated that coping through "prayer and meditation" (problem-focused), "get comfort from someone" (active-emotional), and "see bad things positively" (active-emotional) were more frequently used by undocumented Hispanics. Contrary to past research and predictions, problem-focused and active-emotional coping were both positively related to depression. What is more, problem-focused coping accounted for additional variance of depression above and beyond active-emotional coping. The insoluble nature of many of the problems faced by undocumented immigrants may explain the counterintuitive finding that as problem-focused and active-emotional coping increased, so too did depression.

  19. The Impact of Parenting Factors, Deviant Peers, and Coping Style upon Adolescent Drug Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Ronald L.; Robertson, Joan F.

    1989-01-01

    Developed and tested adolescent drug use model integrating social learning theory and recent stress and coping studies. Interviewed adolescents (N=343) aged 13-17 and found increase in adolescent drug use with presence of parental rejection, deviant peers, and combination of low self-esteem and avoidant coping style. Suggests both individual…

  20. Differential relationship of coping styles with well-being and ill-being of professional firemen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avsec Andreja

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study we were interested in how coping styles relate to different indicators of well- and ill-being. We assumed that coping styles are differently related to well- and ill-being indicators because they are theoretically and empirically independent from each other. To examine this assumption we asked 139 professional firemen to fill in measures of coping styles (COPE, EAS, well-being (PANAS, SWLS and ill-being (IES-R, PANAS. The results confirmed the overall importance of non-constructive coping for illbeing and well-being, whereas constructive coping predicted only positive emotionality. The prototypical masculine working environment characteristic for our sample could be the cause that socially/emotionally oriented coping is the weakest predictor of well-being, although other studies report the adaptive role of conscientious dealing with individual’s own emotions as a coping style. Both well- and ill-being measures should be used to get an insight into a complex area of individual’s adaptation to stress.

  1. Does Experiential Avoidance Mediate the Effects of Maladaptive Coping Styles on Psychopathology and Mental Health?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fledderus, Martine; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Pieterse, Marcel E.

    2010-01-01

    Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology. This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to modera

  2. Does Experiential Avoidance Mediate the Effects of Maladaptive Coping Styles on Psychopathology and Mental Health?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fledderus, Martine; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Pieterse, Marcel E.

    2010-01-01

    Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology. This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to moderate psychological distress completed measures…

  3. The Impact of Parenting Factors, Deviant Peers, and Coping Style upon Adolescent Drug Use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, Ronald L.; Robertson, Joan F.

    1989-01-01

    Developed and tested adolescent drug use model integrating social learning theory and recent stress and coping studies. Interviewed adolescents (N=343) aged 13-17 and found increase in adolescent drug use with presence of parental rejection, deviant peers, and combination of low self-esteem and avoidant coping style. Suggests both individual…

  4. Does Experiential Avoidance Mediate the Effects of Maladaptive Coping Styles on Psychopathology and Mental Health?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fledderus, Martine; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; Pieterse, Marcel E.

    2010-01-01

    Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology. This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to moderate psychological distress completed measures…

  5. Does experiential avoidance mediate the effects of maladaptive coping styles on psychopathology and mental health?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fledderus, M.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst Thomas; Pieterse, Marcel E.

    2010-01-01

    Experiential avoidance (EA) is considered a risk factor for psychopathology. This study explores whether EA mediates the relationship between maladaptive coping styles (palliative, avoidance, and passive coping) and psychopathology and positive mental health. A total of 93 adults with mild to

  6. The investigation of care burden and coping style in caregivers of spinal cord injury patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hai-Ping Ma

    2014-06-01

    Conclusion: Primary caregivers of spinal cord injury patients report a heavy burden of care. As active coping strategies are more beneficial, medical care providers should encourage caregivers to make more use of these coping styles to promote physical and mental health for themselves, their patients and their family, as well as to improve the quality of care provided.

  7. Perceived Stress and Coping Styles among Malay Caregivers of Children with Learning Disabilities in Kelantan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isa, Siti Nor Ismalina; Ishak, Ismarulyusda; Rahman, Azriani Ab; Saat, Nur Zakiah Mohd; Din, Normah Che; Lubis, Syarif Husin; Ismail, Muhammad Faiz Mohd

    2017-03-01

    Caregivers of children with learning disabilities have been shown to experience increased stress and greater negative caregiving consequences than those with typically developing children. There remains a lack of studies focusing on stress and coping mechanisms among caregivers of a wider age group and diagnosis of individuals with disabilities in Asian countries. The current study examines levels of perceived stress and associated child and caregiver factors among caregivers of children with learning disabilities in the Malaysian context. An additional aim was to determine whether caregiver coping styles may be predictors of perceived stress. The Malay version of the Perceived Stress Scale with 10 items and the Brief COPE Scale were administered to a sample of 190 Malay caregivers of children with learning disabilities registered with community-based rehabilitation centres in Kelantan, a state in Peninsular Malaysia. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied to determine the predictors of perceived stress. The mean total perceived stress score of caregivers was 16.96 (SD = 4.66). The most frequently used coping styles found among caregivers included religion, acceptance and positive reframing, while substance use and behavioural disengagement were least frequently used. Higher perceived stress was significantly predicted among caregivers with fewer children, frequent use of instrumental support and behavioural disengagement coping, and lack of emotional support and religious coping. Findings indicate that the perceived stress levels among caregivers were significantly predicted by different coping styles. It is vital to help the caregivers improve their good coping styles in order to reduce their stress levels.

  8. Relationship between Stress Coping Styles and Pregnancy Complications among Women Exposed to Hurricane Katrina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oni, Olurinde; Harville, Emily; Xiong, Xu; Buekens, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    Objective To examine the relationship between maternal stress exposure, stress coping styles, and pregnancy complications. Design Quantitative, cross-sectional, and prospective study. Setting Tulane-Lakeside Hospital, New Orleans, LA and Women's Hospital, Baton Rouge, LA. Participants The study included 146 women (122 from New Orleans and 24 from Baton Rouge), who were pregnant during or immediately after Hurricane Katrina. Methods Participants were interviewed regarding their hurricane experiences and perceived stress, and coping styles were assessed using the Brief COPE. Medical charts were also reviewed to obtain information about pregnancy outcomes. Logistic regression was performed to determine possible associations. Results Hurricane exposure was significantly associated with induction of labor (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) =1.39; 95% confidence interval (CI) =1.03, 1.86; P=0.03) and current perceived stress (aOR=1.50; CI=1.34, 1.99; P<0.01). Stress perception significantly predisposed to pregnancy-induced hypertension (aOR=1.16; CI=1.05, 1.30; P<0.01) and gestational diabetes (aOR=1.13; CI=1.02, 1.25; P=0.03). Use of planning, acceptance, humor, instrumental support, and venting coping styles were associated with a significantly reduced occurrence of pregnancy complications (P<0.05). Higher rates for gestational diabetes was found among women using the denial coping style (aOR=2.25; CI=1.14, 4.45; P=0.02). Conclusion Exposure to disaster-related stress may complicate pregnancy, while some coping styles may mitigate its effects. Further research should explore how coping styles may mitigate or exacerbate the effect of major stressors and how positive coping styles can be encouraged or augmented. PMID:25712783

  9. Core self-evaluation and burnout among Nurses: the mediating role of coping styles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaofei Li

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the potential association between core self-evaluation and the burnout syndrome among Chinese nurses, and the mediating role of coping styles in this relationship. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Shenyang, China, from May to July, 2013. A questionnaire which consisted of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey (MBI-GS, the Core Self-Evaluation Scale (CSE, and the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ, was completed by a total of 1,559 nurses. Hierarchical linear regression analyses and the Sobel test were performed to determine the mediating role of coping styles on the relationship between CSE and burnout. RESULTS: Nurses who had higher self-evaluation characteristics, reported less emotional exhaustion and cynicism, and higher professional efficacy. Coping style had a partial mediating effect on the relationship between CSE and the burnout syndrome among nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Core self-evaluation had effects on burnout and coping style was a mediating factor in this relationship among Chinese nurses. Therefore, the improvement of coping strategies may be helpful in the prevention of burnout among nurses, thus enhancing professional performance.

  10. Relationships among stress coping styles and pregnancy complications among women exposed to Hurricane Katrina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oni, Olurinde; Harville, Emily; Xiong, Xu; Buekens, Pierre

    2015-01-01

    To examine the relationship between maternal stress exposure, stress coping styles, and pregnancy complications. Quantitative, cross-sectional, and prospective study. Tulane-Lakeside Hospital, New Orleans, LA and Women's Hospital, Baton Rouge, LA. The study included 146 women (122 from New Orleans and 24 from Baton Rouge), who were pregnant during or immediately after Hurricane Katrina. Participants were interviewed regarding their hurricane experiences and perceived stress, and coping styles were assessed using the Brief COPE. Medical charts were also reviewed to obtain information about pregnancy outcomes. Logistic regression was performed to determine possible associations. Hurricane exposure was significantly associated with induction of labor (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.39; 95% confidence interval [CI] [1.03, 1.86], P = .03) and current perceived stress (aOR = 1.50, CI [1.34, 1.99], P Stress perception significantly predisposed to pregnancy-induced hypertension (aOR = 1.16, CI [1.05, 1.30], P pregnancy complications (P stress may complicate pregnancy, whereas some coping styles may mitigate its effects. Further research should explore how coping styles may mitigate or exacerbate the effect of major stressors and how positive coping styles can be encouraged or augmented. © 2015 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses.

  11. Coping Styles, Aggression and Interpersonal Conflicts among Depressed and Non-Depressed People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amber Nazir

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: The present study compared people with depressive symp¬toms and people without depressive symptoms with reference to their coping styles, level of aggression and interpersonal conflicts.Methods: A purposive sample of 128 people (64 depressed and 64 normal controls was selected from four different teaching hospitals of Lahore. Both the groups were matched on four demographic levels i.e. age, gender, education and monthly income. Symptom Checklist-R was used to screen out depressed and non-depressed people. The Brief COPE, the Aggres¬sion Questionnaire and the Bergen Social Relationship Scale were used to assess coping styles, aggression and interpersonal conflicts respectively. The Independent t-test was used to compare the groups. Binary logistic Regression was also carried out to predict the role of research variables in causing depression.Results: The results showed that level of aggression and interpersonal conflict was significantly more in people with depressive symptoms as compared to control group. On the other hand control group was using more adaptive coping styles than people with depressive symptoms but no difference was found in the use of maladaptive coping styles. Conclusion: The present findings revealed that coping styles, aggression and interpersonal conflicts play important role in depression. Therefore, these dimen-sions must be considered while dealing with the depressive patients. Implications for preventive work are also discussed in the light of previous researches.

  12. Correlational study: illness representations and coping styles in caregivers for individuals with schizophrenia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rexhaj, Shyhrete; Python, Nataly Viens; Morin, Diane; Bonsack, Charles; Favrod, Jérôme

    2013-08-28

    Caring for individuals with schizophrenia can create distress for caregivers which can, in turn, have a harmful impact on patient progress. There could be a better understanding of the connections between caregivers' representations of schizophrenia and coping styles. This study aims at exploring those connections. This correlational descriptive study was conducted with 92 caregivers of individuals suffering from schizophrenia. The participants completed three questionnaires translated and validated in French: (a) a socio-demographic questionnaire, (b) the Illness Perception Questionnaire for Schizophrenia and (c) the Family Coping Questionnaire. Our results show that illness representations are slightly correlated with coping styles. More specifically, emotional representations are correlated to an emotion-focused coping style centred on coercion, avoidance and resignation. Our results are coherent with the Commonsense Model of Self-Regulation of Health and Illness and should enable to develop new interventions for caregivers.

  13. Hubungan Coping Style dan Anticipatory Grief pada Orangtua Anak yang Didiagnosis Kanker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putri Lenggo Geni

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Everyone copes with stressful events in his/her life differently. Three strategies in dealing with stress include problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, and religious-focused coping. Death of loved ones has been considered one of the major sources of stress in individuals and poses threat to their well-being and adjustment if ones failed to cope with the grief. Interestingly, previous studies show that families and caregivers of terminally ill patients suffered bereavement prior to the actual death, a phenomenon labeled anticipatory grief. Article presents a study with the purpose to investigate the relationship between different coping styles and anticipatory grief in parents of children diagnosed with cancer. Fifty-five parents, ranging from 20 to 60-year-old, participated in this study. Results revealed that coping style, particularly emotion-focused coping, significantly predict anticipatory grief in parents of children diagnosed with cancer. However, both problem-focused coping and religious-focused coping did not predict parental anticipatory grief in this study.

  14. Hubungan Coping Style dan Anticipatory Grief pada Orangtua Anak yang Didiagnosis Kanker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Putri Lenggo Geni

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Everyone copes with stressful events in his/her life differently. Three strategies in dealing with stress include problem-focused coping, emotion-focused coping, and religious-focused coping. Death of loved ones has been considered one of the major sources of stress in individuals and poses threat to their well being and adjustment if one’s failed to cope with the grief. Interestingly, previous studies show that families and caregivers of terminally ill patients suffered bereavement prior to the actual death, a phenomenon labeled anticipatory grief. Article presents a study with the purpose to investigate the relationship between different coping styles and anticipatory grief in parents of children diagnosed with cancer. Fifty-five parents, ranging from 20 to 60-year-old, participated in this study. Results revealed that coping style, particularly emotion-focused coping, significantly predict anticipatory grief in parents of children diagnosed with cancer. However, both problem-focused coping and religious-focused coping did not predict parental anticipatory grief in this study.  

  15. [Correlation among coping style, social support, and negative emotion in infertile women].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Hui; Yan, Chunli; Zhu, Shujuan; Cheng, Li; He, Guoping; Lei, Jun

    2011-02-01

    To explore the correlation among coping style, social support, and negative emotion in Chinese infertile women. A total of 211 infertile women was enrolled for this study. Participants completed questionnaires including Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ), Selfrating Anxiety Scale (SAS), and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS). The mean scores of the 2 dimensions of SCSQ for the infertile women were 20.18±5.43 (positive coping) and 10.19±3.83 (negative coping), respectively. The total mean score of SSRS was 38.95±6.87, and the mean score of 3 dimensions of SSRS were 22.63±4.15 (subjective support), 8.97±2.73 (objective support), and 7.35±1.87 (extent of using the support), respectively. The mean scores of SAS and SDS were 43.44±10.45 and 50.06±10.59, respectively. SAS scores were negatively correlated to the scores of positive coping, subjective support, objective support and extent of using the support (Pcorrelated to the scores of negative coping (Pnegatively correlated to the scores of positive coping, subjective support, objective support, and extent of using the support (Pnegative effect on negative emotions (anxiety and depression, β=-0.27, PNegative coping had direct and negative effect on social support (β=-0.21, Pnegative emotions (β=0.21, Pnegative coping also had indirect effects on negative emotions through the pathway of social support, which had direct and negative effect on negative emotions (β=-0.21, Pnegative emotions for the infertile women. As a mediator, social support regulates the relationship between coping styles and negative emotions. Using positive coping more frequently while using negative coping less frequently can alleviate the negative emotions of the infertile women through improving social support levels directly or indirectly.

  16. Perfectionism, Type D personality, and illness-related coping styles in cardiac rehabilitation patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanmugasegaram, Shamila; Flett, Gordon L; Madan, Mina; Oh, Paul; Marzolini, Susan; Reitav, Jaan; Hewitt, Paul L; Sturman, Edward D

    2014-03-01

    This study investigated the associations among trait perfectionism, perfectionistic self-presentation, Type D personality, and illness-specific coping styles in 100 cardiac rehabilitation patients. Participants completed the Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale, the Type D Scale-14, and the Coping with Health Injuries and Problems Scale. Correlational analyses established that emotional preoccupation coping was associated with trait perfectionism, perfectionistic self-presentation, and Type D personality. Perfectionism was linked with both facets of the Type D construct (negative emotionality and social inhibition). Our results suggest that perfectionistic Type D patients have maladaptive coping with potential negative implications for their cardiac rehabilitation outcomes.

  17. Covariation between behaviour and physiology indicators of coping style in zebrafish (Danio rerio).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tudorache, Christian; Schaaf, Marcel J M; Slabbekoorn, Hans

    2013-12-01

    All vertebrates exhibit physiological responses to a wide variety of stressors. The amplitude and profile of the response depend on the intensity, duration, controllability and predictability of the stressor, but there is also individual variation in the response, termed coping style. A better understanding of the expression of coping styles is of great value for medical applications, animal welfare issues and conservation. Here, we investigated the effect of repeated netting stress on proactive and reactive zebrafish (Danio rerio) as an upcoming model system for stress research. Fish were separated by coping styles according to the order of entering a novel environment. Subsequently, repeated netting stress was applied as stressor, over a period of 21 days. Full-body cortisol levels were determined at 0, 15, 30, 60 and 120 min after the last repeated stress event. Our results show that reactive fish display i) increased basal cortisol concentrations after being repeatedly stressed, ii) higher cortisol secretion over time and iii) slow recovery of cortisol concentration towards basal levels after the last repeated stress event. This study shows for the first time in zebrafish that different coping styles are associated with different cortisol responses during the recovery from stress over time and that coping styles can explain otherwise unaccounted variation in physiological stress responses.

  18. The association of personality traits and coping styles according to stress level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Afshar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Some personality traits and coping styles could be as risk factors in stressful situations. This study aimed to investigate the association of personality traits and coping styles according to the stress level. Meterials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in 2011. A total of 4628 individuals over 20 years were selected by random sampling from nonacademic employees that working in 50 different centers across Isfahan province. Data were collected using 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12, Big Five Personality Inventory Short Form and coping strategies scale, and individuals were divided into high and low-stress groups in term of GHQ-12. To analyze the data, a binary logistic regression analysis was conducted. Results: Mean age of participants was 36.3 ± 7.91 years and 56.26% (2604 of them were female. Neuroticism with adjusting covariates of demographic characteristics and the rest of personality traits was a risk factor for stress level with odds ratios (OR OR:1.24; but other personality traits were protective. Also, active coping styles were protective factors for OR of stress level with adjusting covariates of demographic characteristics and the rest of coping styles, and positive reinterpretation and growth was the most effective of coping style with OR:0.84. Conclusion: Some personality traits are associated with passive copings and cause high-stress level. So, it could be concluded that improve and strengthen effective coping strategies in individual with maladaptive traits should be considered as a crucial component of prevention and control programs of stress.

  19. The association of personality traits and coping styles according to stress level

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afshar, Hamid; Roohafza, Hamid Reza; Keshteli, Ammar Hassanzadeh; Mazaheri, Mina; Feizi, Awat; Adibi, Peyman

    2015-01-01

    Background: Some personality traits and coping styles could be as risk factors in stressful situations. This study aimed to investigate the association of personality traits and coping styles according to the stress level. Meterials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in 2011. A total of 4628 individuals over 20 years were selected by random sampling from nonacademic employees that working in 50 different centers across Isfahan province. Data were collected using 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), Big Five Personality Inventory Short Form and coping strategies scale, and individuals were divided into high and low-stress groups in term of GHQ-12. To analyze the data, a binary logistic regression analysis was conducted. Results: Mean age of participants was 36.3 ± 7.91 years and 56.26% (2604) of them were female. Neuroticism with adjusting covariates of demographic characteristics and the rest of personality traits was a risk factor for stress level with odds ratios (OR) OR:1.24; but other personality traits were protective. Also, active coping styles were protective factors for OR of stress level with adjusting covariates of demographic characteristics and the rest of coping styles, and positive reinterpretation and growth was the most effective of coping style with OR:0.84. Conclusion: Some personality traits are associated with passive copings and cause high-stress level. So, it could be concluded that improve and strengthen effective coping strategies in individual with maladaptive traits should be considered as a crucial component of prevention and control programs of stress. PMID:26109990

  20. [Avoidance coping style and the risk of developing an eating disorder in adolescents].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamies Aubalat, Lidia; Quiles Marcos, Yolanda

    2012-05-01

    The first aim of this study was to analyse the relationship between coping styles and strategies in Spanish adolescents of both genders, with high and low eating disorder risk. Secondly, this study aims to examine the relation of coping styles and coping strategies with eating disorder risk. The sample comprised 2142 adolescents (1.130 girls and 1.012 boys), mean age 13,96 years (SD= 1.34). They completed the Adolescent Coping Scale (ACS) and the Eating Attitude Test (EAT-40). The results showed high use of intropunitive avoidance coping in both female and male adolescents with high EAT-40 scores. The regression analysis indicated that, in both girls and boys, the intropunitive avoidance and the tension reduction coping strategy explained a high percentage of variance of eating disorder risk. The results of this study have implications for the prevention of these behaviours in adolescents, because people with a high risk of developing an eating disorder present a maladaptive coping style before the onset of the eating disorder.

  1. Coping styles of parents of children and adolescents with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prihadi, Eunice J; Dings, Femke; van Heugten, Caroline M

    2015-03-01

    To investigate the types of coping strategies used by parents of children with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase and the relationship between their coping styles and psychosocial functioning. Cross-sectional study (April-May 2013). Parents (n = 42) of 28 children with acquired brain injury (> 6 months post-injury). Parents completed the Utrecht Coping List, Life Satisfaction Questionnaire 9, Caregiver Strain Index, and Family Assessment Device. The use of coping strategies among fathers did not differ from that among men from the standardization population (t14 = 0.96, p = 0.35 and t14 = 0.61, p = 0.55, respectively). However, mothers used more emotion-focused coping strategies than women in the standardization population (t26 = 3.27, p = 0.00), while there was no difference on the problem-focused coping strategies (t26 = -1.75, p = 0.09). Parents who used emotion-focused coping styles exhibited lower family functioning, higher strain and lower quality of life, while those who used problem-focused coping styles exhibited higher strain. Parents of children with acquired brain injury need proper treatment to improve their psychosocial functioning. In particular, treatments should be developed that aim at changing the parents' maladaptive coping styles into less maladaptive ones. Thus, more attention should be focused on the psychological well-being of parents of children with acquired brain injury in the chronic phase.

  2. Effects of maternal stress coping style on offspring characteristics in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Åberg Andersson, Madelene; Silva, P.I.M.; Steffensen, J.F.;

    2011-01-01

    and used to define the proactive and reactive stress coping styles. Although stress coping styles have been identified in a number of animal groups, little is known about the coupling between stress coping style and offspring characteristics. In the present study, plasma cortisol levels in ovulated mothers...... and cortisol levels in non-fertilized eggs from two rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) strains selected for high (HR) and low (LR) post-stress plasma cortisol levels were compared. Offspring characteristics such as egg size, larval growth, and energy reserves also were compared between the two strains......Maternal size, age, and allostatic load influence offspring size, development, and survival. Some of these effects have been attributed to the release of glucocorticoids, and individual variation in these stress hormones is related to a number of traits. Correlated traits are often clustered...

  3. RELATION BETWEEN STRESS COPING STYLE, LARVAL DEVELOPMENT AND TIME TO EMERGANCE IN RAINBOW TROUT (ONCORHYNCHUS MYKISS)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffensen, John Fleng

    2010-01-01

    behavior. In salmonids, differences in larval development have been related to these styles. In this study we investigated larval development and time to emergence in two strains of Rainbow trout selected for low (LR) and high (HR) post stress plasma cortisol levels. These strains have previously been......Åberg, Madelene, Uniza Kahn, John Fleng Steffensen, Øyvind Øverli, Hans Magnus Gjoen and Erik Höglund Abstract: Proactive and reactive stress coping styles is widespread amongst animal groups. Reactive individuals are generally shy and subordinate whereas proactive individuals show the opposite...... characterized with proactive and reactive stress coping, respectively. A line specific SNP was used to distinguish the emerging larvae and a clear link between stress coping style and emergence time was demonstrated by LR larvae emerging earlier than HR larvae. LR larvae also had more yolk reserves at the time...

  4. Similar serotonin-2A receptor binding in rats with different coping styles or levels of aggression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Visser, Anniek Kd; Ettrup, Anders; Klein, Anders Bue

    2015-01-01

    Individual differences in coping style emerge as a function of underlying variability in the activation of a mesocorticolimbic brain circuitry. Particularly serotonin seems to play an important role. For this reason, we assessed serotonin-2A receptor (5-HT2A R) binding in the brain of rats...... with different coping styles. We compared proactive and reactive males of two rat strains, Wild-type Groningen (WTG) and Roman high- and low avoidance (RHA, RLA). 5-HT2A R binding in (pre)frontal cortex (FC) and hippocampus was investigated using a radiolabeled antagonist ([(3) H]MDL-100907) and agonist ([(3) H...... is not an important molecular marker for coping style. Since neither an antagonist nor an agonist tracer showed any binding differences, it is unlikely that the affinity state of the 5-HT2A R is co-varying with levels of aggression or active avoidance in WTG, RHA and RLA. This article is protected by copyright. All...

  5. Coping style and performance status in a group of oncological inpatients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecilia Chau Pérez-Aranibar

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The associations between coping styles, measured by COPE Test, dispositional version (Carver,Scheier and Weintraub, 1989, and Health Status inferred through a performance status, measured by Karnofsky's Index of Behavioral Performance are examined. The study focuses upon 28 oncological in patients. Positive moderate Pearson's correlations were found between these two variables in this correlational-descriptive study. These were interpreted in the following sense: the larger use of the style, the less health status among the scales suppression of competent activities, procrastination of coping, instrumental social support, focusing and releasing of emotions and behavioral disengagement. The active coping scale presented a negative correlationwith regard to Performance Status as a health measure.

  6. The Styles of Coping with Stress in Team and Individual Athletes Based On Gender and Championship Level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Tasaddoghi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is Prioritization coping with stress styles in individual and team athletes with an emphasis on gender and the level of championship. The‌ population is 1092 athletes participate in‌ team sports (volleyball, basketball, footsall and handball and individual sports (ping pong, badminton, track & field, physical fitness, taekwondo and karate with at least one year championship background. The sampling was selected by considering the lost subject 380 person one by one. For data collection in this research, has been used a 32 items questionnaire of Coping Scale Korea Atletes (CSKA related to coping with stress styles. Questionnaires were distributed in pilot studies and their reliability was estimated α = 0.81. Data has been analyzed by using Mann Whitney‌ U and in the level of P ≤ 0.05. The results of this research indicated that problem focused‌ coping and emotional coping style were higher priority than avoidance coping style and intuitive coping style. Male use the avoidance coping more than female and individual athletes apply problem focused coping more than group athletes. There is significant difference among athletes with different levels of sport achievement only in avoidance coping. The athletes according to background, genus, and kind of sport, education and levels of sport achievement use different coping style which this subject should be considered by coaches.

  7. Depression, Social Support, and Coping Styles among Pregnant Women after the Lushan Earthquake in Ya'an, China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianhua Ren

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to assess the depression of pregnant women in the aftermath of an earthquake, and to identify the social support that they obtained, their coping styles and socio-demographic factors associated with depression.A total of 128 pregnant women from three hospitals in the epicenter area were recruited immediately after the Ya'an earthquake. Their depression was investigated using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS with a cutoff score of 14; the social support that they obtained was measured using the Social Support Questionnaire; and their coping styles were assessed using the Coping Styles Questionnaire.Immediately after the earthquake, the incidence rate of depression in pregnant women was 35.2%, higher than that of the general pregnant population (7%-14%. The EPDS scores were significantly correlated with gestation age at the time of the earthquake, objective support, subjective support, use of support, negative coping style, and positive coping style. The regression analysis indicated that risk factors of prenatal depression include the number of children, relatives wounded, subjective support, and coping styles. A further analysis of the interaction between social support and two types of coping styles with depression showed that there was interaction effect between subjective social support and positive coping styles in relation to EPDS scores. There was an inverse relationship between low EPDS scores and positive coping styles and high social support, and vice versa.The timing of the occurrence of the earthquake may not necessarily affect the progress of the illness and recovery from depression, and psychological intervention could be conducted in the immediate aftermath after the earthquake. The impact of coping styles on prenatal depression appeared to be linked with social support. Helping pregnant women to adopt positive coping styles with good social support after a recent major earthquake, which is a

  8. Perceived Stress and Coping Styles among Malay Caregivers of Children with Learning Disabilities in Kelantan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isa, Siti Nor Ismalina; Ishak, Ismarulyusda; Rahman, Azriani Ab; Saat, Nur Zakiah Mohd; Din, Normah Che; Lubis, Syarif Husin; Ismail, Muhammad Faiz Mohd

    2017-01-01

    Background Caregivers of children with learning disabilities have been shown to experience increased stress and greater negative caregiving consequences than those with typically developing children. There remains a lack of studies focusing on stress and coping mechanisms among caregivers of a wider age group and diagnosis of individuals with disabilities in Asian countries. The current study examines levels of perceived stress and associated child and caregiver factors among caregivers of children with learning disabilities in the Malaysian context. An additional aim was to determine whether caregiver coping styles may be predictors of perceived stress. Methods The Malay version of the Perceived Stress Scale with 10 items and the Brief COPE Scale were administered to a sample of 190 Malay caregivers of children with learning disabilities registered with community-based rehabilitation centres in Kelantan, a state in Peninsular Malaysia. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied to determine the predictors of perceived stress. Results The mean total perceived stress score of caregivers was 16.96 (SD = 4.66). The most frequently used coping styles found among caregivers included religion, acceptance and positive reframing, while substance use and behavioural disengagement were least frequently used. Higher perceived stress was significantly predicted among caregivers with fewer children, frequent use of instrumental support and behavioural disengagement coping, and lack of emotional support and religious coping. Conclusion Findings indicate that the perceived stress levels among caregivers were significantly predicted by different coping styles. It is vital to help the caregivers improve their good coping styles in order to reduce their stress levels. PMID:28381931

  9. Paternal versus maternal coping styles with child diagnosis of developmental delay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barak-Levy, Yael; Atzaba-Poria, Na'ama

    2013-06-01

    Parents of children with disabilities vary in their reaction to their children's diagnosis. The current study focused on fathers in addition to mothers and examined their resolution and coping styles when having children diagnosed with developmental delay (DD). Sixty-five fathers and 71 mothers were interviewed using the reaction to the diagnosis interview (RDI; Pianta & Marvin, 1992a). Results indicated that the majority of parents were unresolved with their child's diagnosis, with no differences found between fathers' and mothers' rates of resolution. Furthermore, both parents of children that were diagnosed at a later age and parents that were less educated tended to be unresolved, as did fathers of a lower socioeconomic status. Older age of both children and mothers was related to maternal lack of resolution. Finally, an in-depth examination revealed significant differences in the manner in which fathers and mothers cope with their children's diagnosis: whereas mothers were more prone to using an emotional coping style, fathers tended to use a cognitive coping style. The clinical implications of paternal versus maternal coping styles are discussed. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. [Influence of social support and coping style on chronic post-traumatic stress disorder after floods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dai, W J; Chen, L; Tan, H Z; Lai, Z W; Hu, S M; Li, Y; Liu, A Z

    2016-02-01

    To explore the long-term prognosis and influence of social support and coping style of patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after suffering from floods. Patients suffered PTSD due to Dongting lake flood in 1998 were selected through cluster random sampling. PTSD scale civilian version (PCL-C) was used to examine and diagnose the participants in this study. PTSD was then evaluated by the social support rating scale (SSRS) and the simple coping style questionnaire (SCSQ). Among all the 120 subjects, 14(11.67%) of them were diagnosed as having PTSD. Compared with the rehabilitation group, scores on subjective support, objective support, total social support and positive coping, total of coping style from the non-rehabilitation group all appeared significant low (Pfloods while disaster experience (OR=1.626, 95%CI: 1.118-2.365) appeared as a risk factor. Chronic PTSD developed after the floods called for attention. Better social support, positive coping style could significantly improve the long-term prognosis of patients with PTSD after the floods.

  11. Coping strategies as mediator variables between explanatory styles and depressive symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pilar Sanjuan

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this study was to analyze the relationships among explanatory styles, coping strategies and depressive symptoms. Path analyses conducted with data of 234 individuals showed that Negative Explanatory Style (tendency to explain negative outcomes through internal, stable, and global causes had both a positive direct effect on depressive symptoms, and an indirect effect on them through the use of avoidant strategies. On the contrary, Enhancing Explanatory Style (tendency to explain positive outcomes through internal, stable, and global causes had negative direct and indirect effects on these symptoms, but in this case, the indirect effect occurs through the use of problem solving and positive cognitive restructuring coping and the non-use of avoidant strategies. As a whole, the results suggest that to prevent the onset of depressive symptoms or to reduce them once they appear, enhancing explanatory style and problem solving and positive cognitive restructuring strategies should be promoted.

  12. The relationship between coping style and loneliness in adolescents: can "sad passivity" be adaptive?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Buskirk, A M; Duke, M P

    1991-06-01

    The authors' purpose in this paper was to examine how the use of the "sad passive" coping style may be related to adolescent self-reported loneliness. Subjects were asked to complete the revised UCLA Loneliness Scale (Russell, Peplau, & Cutrona, 1980) to determine self-reported loneliness and the Coping with Loneliness Questionnaire (CLQ; Rubenstein & Shaver, 1980) in order to examine coping styles. We hypothesized that those adolescents whose coping strategies fell into the category of sad passivity described by Rubenstein and Shaver would indicate greater loneliness than those adolescents whose coping strategies fell into other categories. Results indicated that sad passivity was used by both lonely and nonlonely adolescents, but that nonlonely youngsters resorted to this method only temporarily and in preparation for a more active coping style. Lonely teens, on the other hand, appeared to remain in the sad-passive mode to a maladaptive degree. These results were discussed in terms of their importance for theories of adolescent loneliness and for possible intervention strategies.

  13. [Study of defense styles, defenses and coping strategies in alcohol-dependent population].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ribadier, A; Varescon, I

    2017-05-01

    Defense mechanisms have been seen to greatly change over time and across different definitions made by different theoretical currents. Recently with the definition provided by the DSM IV, defense mechanisms have integrated the concept of coping as a defensive factor. These mechanisms are no longer considered just through a psychodynamic approach but also through a cognitive and behavioral one. In recent years, new theories have therefore integrated these two components of the defensive operation. According to Chabrol and Callahan (2013), defense mechanisms precede coping strategies. In individuals with psychopathological disorders, these authors indicate a relative stability of these mechanisms. Also, we asked about the presence of unique characteristics among people with alcohol dependence. Indeed, studies conducted with people with alcohol dependence highlight the presence of a neurotic defense style and some highly immature defenses (projection, acting out, splitting and somatization). In terms of coping strategies, persons with alcohol dependence preferentially use avoidant strategies and strategies focused on emotion. However, although several studies have been conducted to assess coping strategies and defense styles within a population of individuals with an alcohol problem, at the present time none of them has taken into account all these aspects of defense mechanisms. The aim of this study is therefore to study the defenses and defense styles and coping strategies in an alcohol-dependent population. This multicenter study (3 CHU, 1 center of supportive care and prevention in addiction and 1 clinic) received a favorable opinion of an Institutional Review Board (IRB Registration #: 00001072). Eighty alcohol-dependent individuals responded to a questionnaire assessing sociodemographic characteristics and elements related to the course of consumption. Coping strategies were assessed by means of a questionnaire validated in French: the Brief Cope. The Defense

  14. Testing direct and moderating effects of coping styles on the relationship between perceived stress and antenatal anxiety symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Ying; Wang, Yuqiong; Kwong, Dennis Ho Keung; Wang, Ying

    2015-01-01

    The objective of this study was to test the direct and moderating effects of different coping styles in mitigating perceived stress associated with antenatal anxiety symptoms among 755 pregnant women in Chengdu. A cross-sectional study using a questionnaire survey was carried out. The Perceived Stress Scale, the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire and the Zung Self-rating Anxiety Scale were used to measure stress, coping and anxiety symptoms, respectively. Hierarchical regression analysis was used to test the direct and moderating effects of coping styles in the relationship between perceived stress and antenatal anxiety symptoms. Direct effects of negative coping (NC) styles were found. Women with higher NC scores were more likely to have anxiety symptoms. Positive coping (PC) styles had moderating effects on perceived stress, whereas NC styles did not. The findings of this study highlight the direct and moderating effects of coping styles. This knowledge is important to healthcare professionals in planning health service provision. Health services should dedicate resources to teaching pregnant women how to enhance PC styles, alter NC styles and cultivate optimistic thinking to alleviate anxiety symptoms.

  15. Coping styles and its association with sources of stress in undergraduate medical students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandhya Cherkil

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: The two ubiquitous factors that have been identified in medical courses to underlie mental health are stress and different coping styles adopted to combat stress. Aim: To find the association between coping styles and stress in undergraduate medical students. Settings and Design: A medical college in Central Kerala. A cross-sectional study design was adopted. Materials and Methods: Source and Severity of Stress Scale, Medical Student Version, was used to assess the source and nature of stress. Brief Cope was used to find out the coping styles adopted. Statistical Analysis: The statistical analysis was done using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 20 and SAS. Chi-square analysis was used to find the association between coping styles and stress domains and with the overall stress score. Results: There is a significant positive association between overall stress score and coping styles ( P=0.001 of ′Negative cope′, ′Blame′, and ′Humor′. ′Positive cope′ and ′Religion′ has significant positive association with ′Academics′ ( P=0.047 and ′Self Expectations′ ( P=0.009. ′Blame′ ( P<0.001 has very high significant positive association with ′Academics′, ′Self expectation′, and ′Relationships′. Very high significant positive association is further found between ′Humor′ ( P<0.001 and ′Self expectations′, ′Living conditions′, and ′Health and Value conflict′. ′Substance Use′ is positively associated in high significance to ′Health and Value conflict′ ( P<0.001. Conclusions: The outcome of the study emphasizes the need for stress management techniques in the medical school.

  16. Relationships among hope, coping style and social support for breast cancer patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jing; GAO Wei; WANG Ping; WU Zhong-hui

    2010-01-01

    Background Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and its incidence seems to have gradually increased every year. During the treatment of breast cancer, patients suffer psychological morbidity, and hope is one important factor in maintaining psychological health. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the level of hope in Chinese women with breast cancer during chemotherapy and confirmed the relationships among hope, coping style, and social support.Methods One hundred and fifty-nine inpatients with breast cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy in two affiliated hospitals of Harbin Medical University were recruited and investigated. Each patient completed the Herth Hope Index (HHI), Jalowiec Coping Scale (JCS), and the social support scale made by XIAO Shui-yuan, and provided general demographic data.Results The mean hope level of the 159 patients with breast cancer was 38.62±4.56. There was a statistical difference between the hope level and monthly income. Analysis of results from the Pearson test showed no relationship between the hope level and coping style; however, there were positive relationships between hope and optimism, hope and self-reliance, and hope and palliative coping styles. In contrast, negative relationships were found between hope and the fatalistic and emotional coping styles. The total score of hope and social support had significantly positive relationship for the three scales.Conclusions Patients with breast cancer achieved high levels of hope, with the level of hope being proportional to increase in the income. During chemotherapy, patients with breast cancer had adopted many coping styles.

  17. Perceptions of schizophrenia and coping styles in caregivers: comparison between India and Switzerland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rexhaj, S; Jose, A E; Golay, P; Favrod, J

    2016-11-01

    WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Negative perceptions of illnesses can increase caregivers' use of ineffective coping strategies, which may increase their burdens and distress. Scientific and theoretical framework showed that culture and health organization system influence perception of illnesses and thus also has an impact on the coping strategies used. There is a lack of data on comparative perceptions of illnesses and coping styles between India and Switzerland and that is why this hypothesis needs to be confirmed. The comparison between two countries with large cultural and socioeconomics differences will provide a more significant impact. WHAT THIS PAPER ADDS TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: This cultural comparative study explores the associations between representations of illness and three forms of coping styles (i.e. problem-focused, emotion-focused and social support-focused coping) among caregivers of people diagnosed with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in Mangalore, India, and in French-speaking Switzerland. Results showed significant differences between Swiss and Indian caregivers practically in all illness' perceptions and coping styles, which is in accord with the theoretical framework. However, two results showed also similarities: the perception that schizophrenia can have cyclical episodes and that it can have negative consequences for caregivers. These differences and similarities allow to confirm the hypothesis that culture and health organization system influence illness' perception which impact the used coping styles. However, to develop specific nursing interventions for each culture, more research is needed to specify qualitatively the content of these differences and similarities. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: Knowledge of how culture influences perceptions and coping styles is essential to develop quality interventions. Nurses should evaluate caregivers' perceptions and the causes they attribute to illnesses to help them maintain or

  18. Homophobic Violence, Coping Styles, Visibility Management, and Mental Health: A Survey of Flemish Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'haese, Lies; Dewaele, Alexis; Houtte, Mieke Van

    2016-09-01

    The understanding of how lesbians, gays, and bisexuals cope with homophobic violence is limited. Therefore, on the one hand, this study focuses on avoidance, problem-oriented, and emotion-oriented coping as general coping styles. On the other hand, special attention is paid to visibility management as a coping strategy that can be applied in a heteronormative context. Moreover, the moderating role of general coping styles and visibility management in the relationship between homophobic violence and negative mental health outcomes is studied. Data were collected from 1,402 Flemish lesbians, gays, and bisexuals. Stepwise regression analyses shows that coping styles and visibility management have a direct effect on mental health; however, no evidence for a moderating effect is found. Additionally, visibility management and emotion-oriented coping are found to exert a combined effect on mental health.

  19. Personality Subtypes, Coping Styles, Symptom Correlates, and Substances of Choice among a Cohort of Substance Abusers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quirk, Stuart W.; McCormick, Richard A.

    1998-01-01

    The usefulness of the Five-Factor personality domains of the NEO Personality Inventory (P. Costa and R. McCrae, 1992) in identifying subtypes was studied with 3,256 substance abusers. Three groups, differing in coping style, psychopathological symptoms, and pattern of substance choice, were reliably identified. Implications for use of the measure…

  20. Self-reported and physiologically measured dental anxiety, coping styles and personality traits.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benjamins, C.; Schuurs, A.H.B.; Kooreman, T.; Hoogstraten, J.

    1996-01-01

    Studied the relationship between verbal-cognitive and physiological measures of dental anxiety, coping styles, and personality traits among 53 undergraduate psychology students (aged 18-31 yrs). Data were collected during 2 separate sessions. The 1st (stress) session involved continuous and

  1. Problem-Solving Treatment and Coping Styles in Primary Care for Minor Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oxman, Thomas E.; Hegel, Mark T.; Hull, Jay G.; Dietrich, Allen J.

    2008-01-01

    Research was undertaken to compare problem-solving treatment for primary care (PST-PC) with usual care for minor depression and to examine whether treatment effectiveness was moderated by coping style. PST-PC is a 6-session, manual-based, psychosocial skills intervention. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2 academic, primary care…

  2. Coping Style and Psychological Health among Adolescent Prisoners: A Study of Young and Juvenile Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ireland, J.L.; Boustead, R.; Ireland, C.A.

    2005-01-01

    The current study explores the role of coping styles as a predictor of poor psychological health among adolescent offenders. It presents the first study to compare young and juvenile offenders. Two hundred and three male offenders took part: 108 young (18-21 years) and 95 juvenile (15-17 years) offenders. All completed the General Health…

  3. Self-reported and physiologically measured dental anxiety, coping styles and personality traits.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Benjamins, C.; Schuurs, A.H.B.; Kooreman, T.; Hoogstraten, J.

    1996-01-01

    Studied the relationship between verbal-cognitive and physiological measures of dental anxiety, coping styles, and personality traits among 53 undergraduate psychology students (aged 18-31 yrs). Data were collected during 2 separate sessions. The 1st (stress) session involved continuous and simultan

  4. The Relationships between Different Personality Characteristics and Styles of Coping with Stress in Elite Orienteers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zsheliaskova-Koynova, Zshivka

    1993-01-01

    Eighty orienteers, divided into three groups according to level of expertise in orienteering, completed questionnaires measuring extraversion, neuroticism, trait anxiety, social desirability, need for achievement, and locus of control. Subject interviews revealed individual styles of coping with precompetitive stress. A combination of high sport…

  5. Characterization of stress coping style in Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) juveniles and breeders for aquaculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibarra-Zatarain, Z; Fatsini, E; Rey, S; Chereguini, O; Martin, I; Rasines, I; Alcaraz, C; Duncan, N

    2016-11-01

    The aim of this work was to characterize stress coping styles of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis) juveniles and breeders and to select an operational behavioural screening test (OBST) that can be used by the aquaculture industry to classify and select between behavioural phenotypes in order to improve production indicators. A total of 61 juveniles and 59 breeders were subjected to five individual behavioural tests and two grouping tests. At the end of the individual tests, all animals were blood sampled in order to measure cortisol, glucose and lactate. Three tests (restraining, new environment and confinement) characterized the stress coping style behaviour of Senegalese sole juveniles and breeders and demonstrated inter-individual consistency. Further, the tests when incorporated into a principal components analysis (PCA) (i) identified two principal axes of personality traits: 'fearfulness-reactivity' and 'activity-exploration', (ii) were representative of the physiological axis of stress coping style, and (iii) were validated by established group tests. This study proposed for the first time three individual coping style tests that reliably represented proactive and reactive personalities of Senegalese sole juveniles and breeders. In addition, the three proposed tests met some basic operational criteria (rapid testing, no special equipment and easy to apply and interpret) that could prove attractive for fish farmers to identify fish with a specific behaviour that gives advantages in the culture system and that could be used to establish selection-based breeding programmes to improve domestication and production.

  6. Southeast Asian Parents Raising a Child with Autism: A Qualitative Investigation of Coping Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luong, June; Yoder, Marian K.; Canham, Daryl

    2009-01-01

    Autism is a developmental disability increasing in incidence over the past decade. Parents of children with autism experience prolonged levels of stress and isolation. Using qualitative research design, nine parents of children with autism participated in this study that focused on the effect of autism on the family, coping styles, and support…

  7. Coping styles as mediator of sexual orientation-related health differences.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sandfort, T.G.M.; Bakker, F.; Schellevis, F.; Vanwesenbeeck, I.

    2009-01-01

    The higher prevalence of health problems in homosexual compared to heterosexual populations is usually understood as a consequence of minority stress. We hypothesized that differential rates of health problems also could result from sexual orientation-related differences in coping styles. We explore

  8. Coping Styles with Student Misbehavior as Mediators of Teachers' Classroom Management Strategies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tran, Van Dat

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the present study is to identify how teachers' use of various coping styles with student misbehavior, and the extent to which these relate to their classroom management techniques -- punishment, recognition and reward, hinting, discussion, and aggression. It examines data from 397 junior high school teachers in Vietnam. The results…

  9. Coping style and substance use intention and behavior patterns in a cohort of BC adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McConnell, M M; Memetovic, J; Richardson, C G

    2014-10-01

    Adolescence is a developmental period during which young teenagers are particularly susceptible to shifting from well-defined behavioral intentions to abstain from substance use to intentions that include experimentation with substance use and in many cases engagement substance use. Coping mechanisms are often an important determinant of adolescent well-being, and the style of coping adopted by the individual can influence positive or negative health behavior. The goal of this study was to examine how the levels of positive coping style (i.e., engagement) and negative coping style (i.e., disengagement) associated with increased risk for tobacco and marijuana use, and intentions to use among those who have never tried. Higher levels of engagement coping were associated with lower odds of tobacco and marijuana use (AOR=0.96 (95% CI: 0.94-0.98), pintention to use tobacco (AOR=0.97 (95% CI: 0.96-0.99), pintentions to use in the future. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Work locus of control and burnout in Polish physiotherapists: The mediating effect of coping styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Wilski

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to explain the relationship between work locus of control and burnout in Polish physiotherapists through the mediation of coping styles. In particular, we hypothesized that external work locus of control may have a positive direct relationship with burnout symptoms via positive relationship with emotion-focused and avoidant coping styles, and a negative relationship with problem-focused style. Material and Methods: We tested the mediational hypothesis using structural equation modeling of self-report data from 155 Polish physiotherapists. Results: The relationship between external work locus of control and physiotherapists’ burnout was shown to be mediated by a positive relationship with emotion-focused coping and an inverse relationship with problem-focused coping. The variables included in the model explained about 15% of the variance of emotional exhaustion, 14% of depersonalization, and 14% of personal accomplishment. Conclusions: Physiotherapists perceiving the situation as difficult to control, feel more burned out when they use more emotion-focused strategies, and less problem-focused strategies. This indicates the importance of including both, problem-focused coping training and increasing the perception of the situation controllability in preventing physiotherapists’ burnout programs.

  11. Impact of coping styles on post-traumatic stress disorder and depressive symptoms among pregnant women exposed to Hurricane Katrina.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oni, Olurinde; Harville, Emily W; Xiong, Xu; Buekens, Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Experiencing natural disasters such as hurricanes is associated with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression. We examined the role played by perceived stress and coping styles in explaining and modifying this association among pregnant women exposed to Hurricane Katrina. The study comprised 192 women (133 from New Orleans and 59 from Baton Rouge) who were pregnant during Hurricane Katrina or became pregnant immediately after the hurricane. Women were interviewed regarding their hurricane experience, perceived stress, and mental health outcomes. Coping styles was assessed using the Brief COPE, PTSD symptoms using the Post-Traumatic Checklist, and depressive symptoms using the Edinburgh Depression Scale. Multivariable regression models were run to determine the effects of coping styles on mental health and the interactions among coping styles, hurricane experience, and perceived stress on mental health. Apart from the positive reframing and humor coping styles, all coping styles correlated positively with PTSD or depression (p hurricane experience. Coping styles are potential moderators of the effects of stress on mental health of pregnant women.

  12. Late adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury: the roles of coping style, self-esteem, and personality pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cawood, Chelsea Dean; Huprich, Steven K

    2011-12-01

    This study examined the relationship between late adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) and coping style, self-esteem, and personality pathology. Participants were 302 late adolescent (18-19-year-old) college students who completed questionnaires on self-esteem, coping style, personality disorder symptoms, and NSSI. Participants who engaged in NSSI reported more personality pathology, more maladaptive coping styles, less rational coping, and lower self-esteem than did non self-harming participants. As hypothesized, total NSSI correlated with several personality disorders, emotional coping style, and inversely related to self-esteem and adaptive coping styles. Regression equations tested several mediation models to determine whether self-esteem or coping style mediates the relationship between personality disorder symptoms and NSSI. Emotional coping and self-esteem each fully mediated the relationship between various personality disorders and NSSI in the anticipated direction. Results also indicate self-esteem, rational, detached, and emotional coping partially mediate the relationship between several personality disorders and NSSI.

  13. How Do GPA, Psychological Adjustment and Coping Styles Contribute to the Reported Use of Substance as a Means of Coping with Stress?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steward, Robbie J.; Jo, Hanik; Murray, Darrick A.; Tovar, Maria A.; Johnson, Mykel L.

    In a study of African-American (n=119) urban high school students, coping with life stressors was positively and negatively associated with the use of substances. This study focused on how grade point average (GPA), psychological adjustment, and coping styles contribute to the reported use of substances as a way of dealing with stress. The results…

  14. Influence of Continuous Nursing on the Psychological State and Coping Style of Patients Undergoing Pacemaker Implantation

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    Xin LIU

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Patients undergoing pacemaker implantation often experience anxiety and fear. As such, studies have focused on the mechanisms that relieve the negative emotions caused by the intervention. Continuous nursing is a safe and effective nursing mode. In this study, continuous nursing intervention was provided for elderly patients undergo-ing pacemaker implantation and an empirical investigation was performed to determine the effects of their negative emotion and disease-coping ability.Methods: Overall, 114 (68 males and 46 females elderly patients who were undergoing pacemaker implantation from Harbin City (China, were enrolled in the study. The patients were divided into two groups, namely, the control group and the intervention group, based on different nursing methods. Routine nursing was applied to the control group; continuous nursing support was provided for the intervention group from January 2014 to January 2015. The nursing results of the two groups were compared. These results were also evaluated using self-rating depression scale, self-rating anxiety scale, and trait coping style questionnaire.Result: The effects of depression and anxiety intervention were significant in the intervention group (P<0.05. Com-pared with the control group, the intervention group did not significantly differ. The coping style of the intervention group elicited significant effects. Compared with the control group, the intervention group was significantly different (P < 0.05.Conclusion: Continuous nursing can relieve the negative emotion and improve the negative coping style of patients undergoing pacemaker implantation.

  15. Predict group membership of smokers and nonsmokers students Based on coping styles, mental health and Sensation

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    Soran Rajabi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The main purpose of this research is to survey relation between mental health, sensation seeking and coping style with cigarette smoking. Material and Methods: Sample of this study were 312 boy students, who selected by simple randomly among total boys of Mohaghegh Ardabili university in 2013-14. This study is a correlation study. Data were collected with using the demographic characteristics Questionnaire, mental health of Goldberg, sensation-seeking of Arnet and Lazarus's & Folkman coping style Questionnaires. Results: The result showed that %37.8(n=118 of samples were cigarette smoker and %62.2 (n=194 were non cigarette smokers. The results of discriminant analysis showed that among variables, seeking social support, avoid, the high sensation seeking, coping confrontation, somatization symptoms, responsibility and depression can predict to join the group of male students smokers and nonsmokers.  Seeking social support was the best predictor to be in group of cigarette smoker and non-smoker boy student. Conclusion: This study showed the sensation seeking, coping styles and mental health are effective in approach to cigarette smoking. 

  16. Experiential avoidance, self-compassion, self-judgment and coping styles in infertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha, Marina; Galhardo, Ana; Pinto-Gouveia, José

    2016-12-01

    This study sought out to explore the existence of differences regarding emotion regulation processes (psychological inflexibility/experiential avoidance, self-judgment and self-compassion) and coping styles (emotional/detached, avoidant and rational) in three different groups of couples: 120 fertile couples (FG), 147 couples with an infertility diagnosis who were pursuing medical treatment for their fertility problem(s) (IG), and 59 couples with infertility applying for adoption (AG). Cross-sectional survey, using the couple as unit of analysis. Participants filled in paper-pencil questionnaires assessing coping styles, psychological inflexibility/experiential avoidance, self-judgment and self-compassion. IG couples, and particularly women, tend to use more experiential avoidance and self-judgment mechanisms and less emotional/detached coping style. When compared to FG couples, IG and AG couples tend to apply more avoidant coping strategies. AG couples showed higher self-compassion. Findings suggest that emotion regulation processes may be an important target in psychological interventions for patients dealing with infertility and with the demands of medical treatment. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Intimate partner violence: relationships between alexithymia, depression, attachment styles, and coping strategies of battered women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craparo, Giuseppe; Gori, Alessio; Petruccelli, Irene; Cannella, Vincenza; Simonelli, Chiara

    2014-06-01

    One of the most common forms of violence against women is the intimate partner violence (IPV). This term includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and controlling behaviors by an intimate partner. This exploratory study investigates the relationship between alexithymia, adult attachment styles, depression, and coping strategies in a group of female victims of IPV and a control group. Participants were 80 female victims of IPV with an age range from 18 years to 54 years (mean 31.62; standard deviation 9.81). The control group included 80 women with no history of IPV with an age range from 19 years to 37 years (mean 25.05; standard deviation 3.67). We administered the following self-report questionnaires: (i) 20-Item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20); (ii) Coping Orientation Problems Experienced; (iii) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI)-II; and (iv) Attachment Style Questionnaire (ASQ). Compared with control group, the IPV group showed higher mean scores on TAS-20 (52.9 vs. 41.1, P relationships as secondary (P relationships (P relationships on ASQ, but not with the secure attachment style. In comparison to the control group, alexithymia, depressive symptoms, and an insecure attachment style were negatively correlated with the ability to cope with stress for women in the IPV group. © 2014 International Society for Sexual Medicine.

  18. The Comparison of Relationship between Family Communication Patterns and Self Concept with Coping Styles in Male and Female Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Taheri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background & Aim: Since people have different coping styles, the purpose of the present research was to compare the relationship between family communication patterns and self-concept with coping styles among male and female students of Eram Higher Education Institution in Shiraz. Methods: In the present correlation study conducted in 2011 at Eram Higher Education Institution in Shiraz, 229 participants (91 males &119 females were selected by simple random sampling method. Data was collected by using the revised version of family communication patterns questionnaire (RFCP, Koerner & Fitz patrik (2002, Beck's Self-concept Test (CST (1990 and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS Endler & Parker (1990. Data was analyzed using correlation matrix & independent t-test analysis. Results: According to the result, there was significant correlation between family communication patterns and self-concept with coping styles among male and female students. In the female group, task oriented coping and avoidance oriented coping with conversation orientation and emotion oriented coping with conforming orientation showed positive significant correlation. In male group avoidance orientation coping with conversation orientation and emotion oriented coping with conforming orientation showed positive significant correlation. Also, related to self concept variable, results showed female students task oriented coping and avoidance oriented coping had significant correlation with the self concept variable, but the male students avoidance oriented coping had significant correlation with the self concept variable(P<0/05. Also, the result showed significant difference between two male and female students, in emotion oriented coping, so the female group, emotion oriented coping with (51/48 was more than the orientation within the male group with (48/18, (p<0.05. Conclusion: Family communication patterns and the concept are effective on coping styles. Therefore

  19. Coping styles and response to high versus low-structure individual counseling for substance abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thornton, Charles; Gottheil, Edward; Patkar, Ashwin; Weinstein, Stephen

    2003-01-01

    We compared outcomes during and after treatment for mixed substance dependent patients (N=143) randomly assigned to a high-structure, behaviorally-oriented (HSB) or a low-structure, facilitative (LSF) individual counseling style. We hypothesized that patients with different coping characteristics would respond differently to the two styles of counseling. Patients were treated in once-weekly individual HSB or LSF counseling for up to 12 weeks. Outcome measures included patient and counselor ratings of benefit, retention, symptom reduction, and negative urines; follow-up assessments included control of substance use and psychosocial adjustment. While no differences in outcomes during or after treatment were found for the HSB and LSF patients, both groups did improve equally. Contrary to our hypothesis, our coping measures did not predict different outcomes for patients treated in the LSF and HSB styles. Post-hoc analyses, however, revealed that outcomes could be predicted in each style from patterns of pretreatment characteristics, which included measures of coping strategies, psychological characteristics, and treatment readiness. Moreover, the patterns associated with positive outcomes were different for the HSB and LSF patients: high treatment readiness was most important for success in HSB counseling, while low psychiatric severity and positive coping styles were important for the LSF clients. The finding of no HSB-LSF outcome differences calls into question the exclusive emphasis on behavioral treatment approaches by the present-day managed care industry. Also, the traditional approach to matching studies, ie, employing one patient characteristic at a time to predict differential outcomes for particular treatments, may be simplistic. An alternative approach employing multivariate statistical procedures to predict outcomes from several patient characteristics may hold more promise.

  20. The Mediating Role of Coping Style in the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Burnout among Chinese Nurses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yongqing Ding

    Full Text Available Burnout is recognized as an occupational hazard, and nursing has a high risk of burnout. This study aims to explore the relationship between psychological capital (PsyCap and burnout among Chinese nurses and the mediating role of coping style in this relationship.A total of 1,496 nurses (effective response rate: 80.11% from two large general hospitals in Daqing City of China were selected as participants. Data were collected via the Chinese Maslach Burnout Inventory (CMBI, the psychological capital questionnaire (PCQ-24, the Chinese Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ and demographic and caregiver-patient relationship. Hierarchical linear regression analyses were performed to explore the mediating role of positive coping and negative coping, and we used the Bootstrap method to confirm the mediating effect.Self-efficacy, hope, resilience and optimism of nurses were all negatively related with emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment among Chinese nurses. Positive coping partially mediated the relationship between hope/optimism and emotional exhaustion and between self-efficacy/optimism and reduced personal accomplishment. Negative coping fully mediated the relationship between self-efficacy and emotional exhaustion, and in the regression model self-efficacy was positively correlated with emotional exhaustion. And negative coping also partially mediated the relationship between hope/optimism and emotional exhaustion and between optimism and depersonalization.PsyCap had effects on burnout and coping style was a mediator in this relationship among Chinese nurses. Nurses who had a strong sense of self-efficacy adopted more negative coping style, which in turn would lead to higher levels of emotional exhaustion. These findings shed light on the influence of negative coping on burnout, and positive coping was a positive resource for fighting against nurses' burnout. Hence, in order to avoid negative coping style

  1. Undirected learning styles and academic risk: Analysis of the impact of stress, strain and coping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimatian, Stephen; Lloyd, Sara; Berger, Jeffrey; Steiner, Lorraine; McKay, Robert; Schwengal, Deborah

    2017-01-01

    Learning style inventories used in conjunction with a measure of academic achievement consistently show an association of meaning directed learning patterns with academic success, but have failed to show a clear association of undirected learning styles with academic failure. Using survey methods with anesthesia residents, this study questioned whether additional assessment of factors related to stress, strain, and coping help to better define the association between undirected learning styles and academic risk. Pearson chi squared tests. 296 subjects were enrolled from eight institutions with 142 (48%) completing the study. American Board of Anesthesiologists In Training Examinations (ITE) percentiles (ITE%) were used as a measure of academic achievement. The Vermunt Inventory of Learning Styles (ILS) was used to identify four learning patterns and 20 strategies, and the Osipow Stress Inventory-Revised (OSI-R) was used as a measure of six scales of occupational stress, four of personal strain, and four coping resources. Two learning patterns had significant relationship with ITE scores. As seen in previous studies, Meaning Directed Learning was beneficial for academic achievement while Undirected Learning was the least beneficial. Higher scores on Meaning Directed Learning correlated positively with higher ITE scores while higher Undirected and lower Meaning Directed patterns related negatively to ITE%. OSI-R measures of stress, strain and coping indicated that residents with Undirected learning patterns had higher scores on three scales related to stress, and 4 related to strain, while displaying lower scores on two scales related to coping. Residents with higher Meaning Directed patterns scored lower on two scales of stress and two scales of strain, with higher scores on two scales for coping resources. Low Meaning Directed and high Undirected learning patterns correlated with lower ITE percentiles, higher scores for stress and strain, and lower coping resources

  2. Coping styles and lifestyle factors among hypertensive and non-hypertensive subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ariff, F; Suthahar, A; Ramli, M

    2011-01-01

    The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between hypertensive patients and their coping style and associated lifestyle factors. A total of 502 participants attending nine outpatient clinics completed the validated Bahasa Malaysia version of the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations and sociodemographic questionnaires. The height, weight, pulse rate and blood pressure of all the participants were measured using standardised methods. A total of 264 (52.6 percent) participants were hypertensive, while 238 (47.4 percent) were not. Participants with a high task-oriented score showed a significantly lower risk of hypertension compared to those with a low score (odds ratio [OR] 0.546; 95 percent confidence interval [CI] 0.371-0.804). Those with a high emotion-oriented coping score were associated with an increased risk of hypertension (OR 1.691; 95 percent CI 1.107-2.582). Hypertension was also significantly associated with a higher mean body mass index, positive family history of hypertension, history of diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolaemia. In multiple logistic regression analysis with hypertension status as the dependent variable, a high emotion-oriented coping score, a low task-oriented coping score, age, body mass index, positive family history of hypertension and history of diabetes mellitus remain significant factors in the final model. These results indicated a significant relationship between hypertension and coping styles and lifestyle factors. They underscored the importance of further study as well as the development and implementation of intervention measures to improve coping skills among hypertensive patients, which may be incorporated into the management of hypertension.

  3. Action-Emotion Style, Learning Approach and Coping Strategies, in Undergraduate University Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús de la Fuente

    Full Text Available Action-Emotion Style (AES is an affective-motivational construct that describes the achievement motivation that is characteristic of students in their interaction with stressful situations. Using elements from the Type-A Behavior Pattern (TABP, characteristics of competitiveness and overwork occur in different combinations with emotions of impatience and hostility, leading to a classification containing five categories of action-emotion style (Type B, Impatient-hostile type, Medium type, Competitive-Overworking type and Type A. The objective of the present research is to establish how characteristics of action-emotion style relate to learning approach (deep and surface approaches and to coping strategies (emotion-focused and problem-focused. The sample was composed of 225 students from the Psychology degree program. Pearson correlation analyses, ANOVAs and MANOVAs were used. Results showed that competitiveness-overwork characteristics have a significant positive association with the deep approach and with problem-focused strategies, while impatience-hostility is thus related to surface approach and emotion-focused strategies. The level of action-emotion style had a significant main effect. The results verified our hypotheses with reference to the relationships between action-emotion style, learning approaches and coping strategies.

  4. Contrasting Coping Styles Meet the Wall: A Dopamine Driven Dichotomy in Behavior and Cognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Höglund, Erik; Silva, Patricia Isabel da Mota E.; Vindas, Marco A.

    2017-01-01

    Individual variation in the ability to modify previously learned behavior is an important dimension of trait correlations referred to as coping styles, behavioral syndromes or personality. These trait clusters have been shaped by natural selection, and underlying control mechanisms are often...... conserved throughout vertebrate evolution. In teleost fishes, behavioral flexibility and coping style have been studied in the high (HR) and low-responsive (LR) rainbow trout lines. Generally, proactive LR trout show a behavior guided by previously learned routines, while HR trout show a more flexible...... behavior relying on environmental cues. In mammals, routine dependent vs. flexible behavior has been connected to variation in limbic dopamine (DA) signaling. Here, we studied the link between limbic DA signaling and individual variation in flexibility in teleost fishes by a reversal learning approach. HR...

  5. The relationship among young adult college students' depression, anxiety, stress, demographics, life satisfaction, and coping styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahmoud, Jihan Saber Raja; Staten, Ruth; Hall, Lynne A; Lennie, Terry A

    2012-03-01

    Recent research indicates that young adult college students experience increased levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. It is less clear what strategies college health care providers might use to assist students in decreasing these mental health concerns. In this paper, we examine the relative importance of coping style, life satisfaction, and selected demographics in predicting undergraduates' depression, anxiety, and stress. A total of 508 full-time undergraduate students aged 18-24 years completed the study measures and a short demographics information questionnaire. Coping strategies and life satisfaction were assessed using the Brief COPE Inventory and an adapted version of the Brief Students' Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale. Depression, anxiety, and stress were measured using the Depression Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Multiple regression analyses were used to examine the relative influence of each of the independent variables on depression, anxiety, and stress. Maladaptive coping was the main predictor of depression, anxiety, and stress. Adaptive coping was not a significant predictor of any of the three outcome variables. Reducing maladaptive coping behaviors may have the most positive impact on reducing depression, anxiety, and stress in this population.

  6. Behavioral plasticity in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with divergent coping styles: When doves become hawks

    OpenAIRE

    de Lourdes Ruiz-Gomez, Maria; Kittilsen, Silje; Höglund, Erik; Huntingford, Felicity A.; Sørensen, Christina; Pottinger, Thomas G.; Bakken, Morten; Winberg, Svante; Korzan, Wayne J.; Øverli, Øyvind

    2008-01-01

    Consistent and heritable individual differences in reaction to challenges, often referred to as stress coping styles, have been extensively documented in vertebrates. In fish, selection for divergent post-stress plasma cortisol levels in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) has yielded a low (LR) and a high responsive (HR) strain. A suite of behavioural traits is associated with this physiological difference, with LR (proactive) fish feeding more rapidly after transfer to a new environment and...

  7. Effects of systematic mental intervention on mental health, personality and coping style in recruits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhen-zhen WANG

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective  To observe the effects of systematic mental intervention, with combined centralized teaching, group interview and individual consulting, on mental health, personality and coping style in recruits, and explore an optimal intervention model for recruits' mental health. Methods  Two thousand and sixteen recruits in one unit were involved in the present study, among them 1064 were allocated to study group, and the remaining 952 to control group. Recruits in study group received centralized teaching with battalion as a unit, and received group interview in squad or platoon as a unit, and meanwhile individual interview was conducted. Symptoms Checklist-90 (SCL-90, Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ were filled one month after they were enlisted in the army and 3 days before the training ended. Recruits in control group undertook the same tests mentioned above only 3 days before the training ended. Results  The total score and factor scores except hostility in SCL-90 test were significantly lower after than before systematic mental intervention (P0.05. The total score and factor scores except paranoia in SCL-90 test were significantly lower in study group than in control group after intervention (P0.05, the score of active coping was significantly higher (P<0.001, and of negative coping was significantly lower (P<0.001 after than before intervention. The ratio of the score over 2 and above declined obviously (P<0.05 in neurosis, SCL-90 abnormality, SCL-90 total scores, number of positive items, somatization, obsession, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, phobia, paranoid, and psychotic factor after than before intervention in recruits. Conclusion  Systematic mental intervention, which consisted of combined centralized teaching, group interview and individual consulting, may promote the mental health, personality and coping style in recruits.

  8. Altered explorative strategies and reactive coping style in the FSL rat model of depression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salvatore eMagara

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Modeling depression in animals is based on the observation of behaviors interpreted as analogue to human symptoms. Typical tests used in experimental depression research are designed to evoke an either-or outcome. It is known that explorative and coping strategies are relevant for depression, however these aspects are generally not considered in animal behavioral testing. Here we investigate the Flinders Sensitive Line (FSL, a rat model of depression, compared to the Sprague-Dawley (SD rat in three independent tests where the animals are allowed to express a more extensive behavioral repertoire. The multivariate concentric square field™ (MCSF and the novel cage tests evoke exploratory behaviors in a novel environment and the home cage change test evokes social behaviors in the re-establishment of a social hierarchy. In the MCSF test, FSL rats exhibited less exploratory drive and more risk-assessment behavior compared to SD rats. When re-exposed to the arena, FSL, but not SD rats, increased their exploratory behavior compared to the first trial and displayed risk-assessment behavior to the same extent as SD rats. Thus, the behavior of FSL rats was more similar to that of SDs when the rats were familiar with the arena. In the novel cage test FSL rats exhibited a reactive coping style, consistent with the reduced exploration observed in the MCSF. Reactive coping is associated with less aggressive behavior. Accordingly, FSL rats displayed less aggressive behavior in the home cage change test. Taken together, our data show that FSL rats express altered explorative behavior and reactive coping style. Reduced interest is a core symptom of depression, and individuals with a reactive coping style are more vulnerable to the disease. Our results support the use of FSL rats as an animal model of depression and increase our understanding of the FSL rat beyond the behavioral dimensions targeted by the traditional depression-related tests.

  9. Relationships between psychological distress, coping styles, and HPA axis reactivity in healthy adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hori, Hiroaki; Ozeki, Yuji; Teraishi, Toshiya; Matsuo, Junko; Kawamoto, Yumiko; Kinoshita, Yukiko; Suto, Shiho; Terada, Sumio; Higuchi, Teruhiko; Kunugi, Hiroshi

    2010-10-01

    Psychological distress and coping styles have been suggested to relate to altered function in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, although there remains much to be understood about their relationships. High and low cortisol levels (or reactivity) both represent HPA axis dysfunction, with accumulated evidence suggesting that they are linked to different types of psychopathology. The dexamethasone (DEX)/corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) test has been extensively used to identify HPA axis abnormalities in various psychiatric conditions including mood disorders; however, the possible associations of psychological distress and coping styles with HPA axis function have not been well documented using this test. Here, we examined the relationships of HPA axis reactivity as measured by the DEX/CRH test with subjectively perceived psychological distress and coping styles, both of which were assessed with self-report questionnaires, in 121 healthy volunteers. Subjects were divided into three groups by the cortisol suppression pattern, namely the incomplete-suppressors (DST-Cortisol ≥ 5 μg/dL or DEX/CRH-Cortisol ≥ 5 μg/dL), moderate-suppressors (DST-Cortisol psychological distress. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Cue-based and algorithmic learning in common carp: A possible link to stress coping style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mesquita, Flavia Oliveira; Borcato, Fabio Luiz; Huntingford, Felicity Ann

    2015-06-01

    Common carp that had been screened for stress coping style using a standard behavioural test (response to a novel environment) were given a learning task in which food was concealed in one of two compartments, its location randomised between trials and its presence in a given compartment signalled by either a red or a yellow light. All the fish learned to find food quickly, but did so in different ways. Fifty five percent learned to use the light cue to locate food; the remainder achieved the same result by developing a fixed movement routine. To explore this variation, we related learning strategy to stress coping style. Time to find food fell identically with successive trials in carp classified as reactive or proactive, but reactive fish tended to follow the light cue and proactive fish to adopt a fixed routine. Among fish that learned to follow the light, reactive individuals took fewer trials to reach the learning criterion than did proactive fish. These results add to the growing body of information on within-species variation in learning strategies and suggest a possible influence of stress coping style on the use of associative learning as opposed to algorithmic searching during foraging. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  11. Problem-solving treatment and coping styles in primary care for minor depression.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oxman, Thomas E; Hegel, Mark T; Hull, Jay G; Dietrich, Allen J

    2008-12-01

    Research was undertaken to compare problem-solving treatment for primary care (PST-PC) with usual care for minor depression and to examine whether treatment effectiveness was moderated by coping style. PST-PC is a 6-session, manual-based, psychosocial skills intervention. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2 academic, primary care clinics. Those subjects who were eligible were randomized (N = 151), and 107 subjects completed treatment (57 PST-PC, 50 usual care) and a 35-week follow-up. Analysis with linear mixed modeling revealed significant effects of treatment and coping, such that those in PST-PC improved at a faster rate and those initially high in avoidant coping were significantly more likely to have sustained benefit from PST-PC.

  12. Problem-Solving Treatment and Coping Styles in Primary Care Minor Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oxman, Thomas E.; Hegel, Mark T.; Hull, Jay G.; Dietrich, Allen J.

    2008-01-01

    Research was undertaken to compare Problem-Solving Treatment for Primary Care (PST-PC) to usual care (UC) for minor depression and examine whether treatment effectiveness was moderated by coping style. PST-PC is a six-session, manual-based, psychosocial skills intervention. A randomized controlled trial was conducted in two academic, primary care clinics. A total of 141 subjects were eligible and randomized, and 107 completed treatment (57 PST-PC, 50 UC) and a 35-week follow-up. Analysis using linear mixed modeling revealed significant effects of treatment and coping such that those in PST-PC improved at a faster rate, and those initially high in avoidant coping were significantly more likely to have sustained benefit from PST-PC. PMID:19045962

  13. Behavioural responses to hypoxia provide a non-invasive method for distinguishing between stress coping styles in fish

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Danielle Caroline; Olsén, Hanna L.; Ruiz-Gomez, Maria de Lourdes;

    2011-01-01

    can be characterised by contrasting behavioural responses to hypoxia. Two rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) strains, bred for a low- (LR) and high- (HR) cortisol response to a standardized stressor, are suggested to resemble the proactive and reactive coping styles respectively. Therefore......, the findings of the present study demonstrate a repeatable difference in behavioural response to hypoxia between the two strains. The method presented could be utilized as a non-invasive method for sorting fish according to stress coping style....

  14. Evolutionary background for stress-coping styles: Relationships between physiological, behavioral, and cognitive traits in non-mammalian vertebrates

    OpenAIRE

    Overli, Øyvind; Sørensen, Christina; Pulman, Kim G. T.; Pottinger, Tom G.; Korzan, Wayne; Summers, Cliff H.; Nilsson, Göran E.

    2007-01-01

    Reactions to stress vary between individuals, and physiological and behavioral responses tend to be associated in distinct suites of correlated traits, often termed stress-coping styles. In mammals, individuals exhibiting divergent stress-coping styles also appear to exhibit intrinsic differences in cognitive processing. A connection between physiology, behavior, and cognition was also recently demonstrated in strains of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) selected for consistently high or lo...

  15. [Coping styles, psychosocial factors and adjustment processes in patients with type I and II diabetes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Poerio, V; Merenda, M T; Congedo, M L

    2007-01-01

    Coping is defined by Perlin and Shooler as "... that behavior that protects people from psychological pressure due to social situations and problems". This intention Lazarus and Folkman affirm: "... the coping allows people to use different abilities to manage the difficulties (stressors) that they experience in daily existence..." When the stressor is diabetes, the requirements and pressures due to the illness and its physiological and psychosocial consequences are continuous and become chronic. In numerous studies, the coping, suitable or not, has been linked to different medical consequences of the diabetes: changes in glycosylated hemoglobin levels, in the physiological functionality, in the specific symptomatology, in body weight and body mass index. In other research, as in the present contribution, the coping and specific socio-cognitive dimensions have been correlated with the psychosocial consequences of the diabetes, particularly with quality of life and psychological and social adaptation (PSA). This last concept refers, within the illness process, to the attainment of the characteristic behavioral and psychological objectives of recovery. The purpose of the present work is to individualize the coping styles and to note the correlations with socio-cognitive dimensions in diabetic patients, and to measure their incidence on the APS, answering to a series of questions, such as: "What are the modalities of a more functional coping? Are they correlated with the socio-cognitive dimensions? Together do they influence the APS processes?". To 123 diabetic patients (51 with diabetes type 1; 72 with diabetes type 2), with a middle age of 63.7 and 54.9, respectively, have been administered, in sequence, two questionnaires: an adaptation of the Bernese Coping Modes (BECOMO) of Heim et coll. and the Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire (MDQ) of Talbot et coll. The results, by using descriptive statistics and data analysis techniques, seem to point out that, in the

  16. Relationships of Stress and Coping Styles to Periodontal Disease: A Case-Control Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radafshar G.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Statement of Problem: The effects of individual variations in coping strategies have been debated in studies of the association between stress and chronic perio-dontitis, with conflicting results.Purpose: To investigate the associations between stress, coping styles and perio-dontal disease in a sample of Iranian population.Materials and Method: Forty patients with chronic periodontitis and forty control subjects with a healthy periodontium were enrolled in this study and matched for age and gender. Participants were patients undergoing periodontal treatment at the Department of Periodontics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences. A single examiner performed periodontal examination. Psychological assessments, including the Life Events Questionnaire and the Ways of Coping Questionnaire were done by a second examiner; both examiners were blind to the study. Bi-variate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to compare results for patients and control subjects.Results: Statistically significant differences in the problem-focused coping (p< 0.01, intensity of stress (p< 0.006, as well as escape-avoidance (p< 0.01, and accepting responsibility (p< 0.001 subscales were observed between the patient and control groups. Multivariate logistic regression identified a negative association between periodontitis and tooth-brushing frequency (OR= 3.3, 95% CI: 1.22- 8.69, as well as the accepting responsibility coping style (OR= 1.5, 95% CI: 1.14- 1.98, and a positive association with stress intensity (OR= 1.081, 95% CI: 1.023-1.143.Conclusion: The results suggest that psychological stress associated with various life events is a significant risk indicator for periodontal disease. Although statisti-cally small, there was a clinically important link between coping strategies and periodontal disease.

  17. Untangling the neurobiology of coping styles in rodents: Towards neural mechanisms underlying individual differences in disease susceptibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Boer, Sietse F; Buwalda, Bauke; Koolhaas, Jaap M

    2017-03-01

    Considerable individual differences exist in trait-like patterns of behavioral and physiological responses to salient environmental challenges. This individual variation in stress coping styles has an important functional role in terms of health and fitness. Hence, understanding the neural embedding of coping style variation is fundamental for biobehavioral neurosciences in probing individual disease susceptibility. This review outlines individual differences in trait-aggressiveness as an adaptive component of the natural sociobiology of rats and mice, and highlights that these reflect the general style of coping that varies from proactive (aggressive) to reactive (docile). We propose that this qualitative coping style can be disentangled into multiple quantitative behavioral domains, e.g., flexibility/impulse control, emotional reactivity and harm avoidance/reward processing, that each are encoded into selective neural circuitries. Since functioning of all these brain circuitries rely on fine-tuned serotonin signaling, autoinhibitory control mechanisms of serotonergic neuron (re)activity are crucial in orchestrating general coping style. Untangling the precise neuromolecular mechanisms of different coping styles will provide a roadmap for developing better therapeutic strategies of stress-related diseases.

  18. Psychosomatic status, personality traits, and coping styles of bereaved and non-bereaved survivors of the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanhui eXiang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study examined personality, coping styles, and psychosomatic characteristics and their relationships in bereaved and non-bereaved earthquake survivors. Study design: Cross-sectional surveyMethods: A survey was conducted with a sample of 102 non-bereaved survivors and 79 bereaved survivors from Mianyang, Anyang, and similar districts 2 weeks after Wenchuan earthquake. Survivors completed questionnaires including items about demographics, personality characteristics, coping styles, and psychosomatic status. Results: Bereaved survivors had lower scores for gregariousness, trust, and optimism, but higher scores for depressed mood, loneliness, becoming easily fearful, irritation, and anxiety than non-bereaved survivors. In addition, bereaved participants scored higher for avoiding problems, self-blame, and fantasy coping styles than non-bereaved ones. Personality and coping styles significantly correlated with psychosomatic status in bereaved and non-bereaved survivors. Optimism and openness to feelings personality characteristics, and self-blame, avoiding problems, and rationalization coping styles significantly predicted psychosomatic status of bereaved survivors, while openness to fantasy, optimism, order, and trust personality characteristics, and self-blame and avoiding problems coping styles significantly predicted psychosomatic status of non-bereaved survivors. Conclusion: Earthquake survivors experienced PTSD symptoms and negative emotions. Bereaved survivors experienced more serious PTSD symptoms and negative emotions relative to non-bereaved survivors. Appropriate psychological crisis interventions should be conducted for earthquake survivors, especially bereaved survivors.

  19. Different perceptions of stress, coping styles, and general well-being among pregnant Chinese women: a structural equation modeling approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Ying; Tha, Pyai Htun; Wong, Daniel Fu Keung; Wang, Yuqiong; Wang, Ying; Yobas, Piyanee Klainin

    2016-02-01

    Few studies have examined different perceptions of stress or explored the positive aspects of well-being among pregnant Chinese women, so there is a need to explore these phenomena in order to fill the research gap. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships among the different perceptions of stress, coping styles, and general well-being using a structural equation modeling approach. We examined a hypothetical model among 755 pregnant Chinese women based on the integration of theoretical models. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Trait Coping Styles Questionnaire (TCSQ), and the General Well-Being Schedule (GWB) were used to measure perceived stress, coping styles, and general well-being, respectively. A structural equation model showed that positive and negative perceptions of stress significantly influenced positive and negative coping styles, respectively. Different perceptions of stress were significantly associated with general well-being, but different coping styles had no significant effects on general well-being. The model had a good fit to the data (IFI = 0.910, TLI = 0.904, CFI = 0.910, and RMSEA = 0.038). Different perception of stress was able to predict significant differences in coping styles and general well-being.

  20. Coping style predicts the (in)sensitivity for developing hyperinsulinemia on a high fat diet in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boersma, Gretha J.; Benthem, Lambertus; van Dijk, Gertjan; Steimer, Thierry J.; Scheurink, Anton J. W.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore interactions between coping style and diet as risk factors for developing insulin resistance in rats. We hypothesized that rats characterized by a passive coping strategy are more susceptible for developing insulin resistance and visceral obesity than proactively

  1. Coping style predicts the (in)sensitivity for developing hyperinsulinemia on a high fat diet in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boersma, Gretha J.; Benthem, Lambertus; van Dijk, Gertjan; Steimer, Thierry J.; Scheurink, Anton J. W.

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore interactions between coping style and diet as risk factors for developing insulin resistance in rats. We hypothesized that rats characterized by a passive coping strategy are more susceptible for developing insulin resistance and visceral obesity than proactively

  2. Who Participates in Support Groups for Parents of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders? The Role of Beliefs and Coping Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clifford, Tessen; Minnes, Patricia

    2013-01-01

    One hundred forty-nine parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) completed online questionnaires measuring their beliefs about support groups and ASD, coping style, social support, mood, and use of support groups. Those currently using parent support groups (PSGs) reported using more adaptive coping strategies than both parents who…

  3. Coping styles relate to health and work environment of Norwegian and Dutch hospital nurses : A comparative study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, Jolanda A. H.; Roelen, Corne A. M.; Groothoff, Johan W.; van der Klink, Jac J. L.; Mageroy, Nils; Pallesen, Stale; Bjorvatn, Bjorn; Moen, Bente E.

    2012-01-01

    Nurses exposed to high nursing stress report no health complaints as long as they have high coping abilities. The purpose of this study was to investigate coping styles in relation to the health status and work environment of Norwegian and Dutch hospital nurses. This comparative study included a ran

  4. [Study of influential factors about trait coping style and the correlation between it and anxiety and depression in different student groups in Bengbu district].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhuang, Ying; Tao, Fangbiao; Yao, Rongying; Zhang, Qin; Fu, Lianguo; Han, Hui

    2011-07-01

    To investigate the coping style and their influential factors in different student groups. Use stratified and random cluster sampling to collect 7315 students in seven high school and mid-schools in Bengbu district. The valid questionnaires were 7104. In these students, there were 1919 junior schools students, 1865 high school students, and boys were 3533, girls were 3571. Age from 12 to 22. The questionnaires which contained demographic characteristics, family factors and multidimensional sub-health questionnaire of adolescents (MSQA) were used to test these students. The single factor analysis and Regression analysis were analyzed by SPSS (statistical package for social science) 13.0. There were significance difference between positive coping style, negative coping style and fathers' and mothers' education (P parents' expectations (P < 0.01). The patients' education, friends, characters and coping style were positively correlated (P < 0.01). There were correlation between coping styles and anxiety and depression (P < 0.01). There were positive correlation between passive coping style and anxiety and depression (P < 0.01), and there were negative correlation between active coping style (P < 0.01). There was relationship between patients' education, friends, characters and adolescents' coping style, and there were high correlation between coping style and anxiety and depression. Enhance capacity to respond actively and cultivate optimistic attitude of learning were help to maintain and improve their positive coping style.

  5. Resilience, self-efficacy, coping styles and depressive and anxiety symptoms in those newly diagnosed with multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan-Kristanto, Stef; Kiropoulos, Litza A

    2015-01-01

    High levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms have been reported by individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS). This study examined the associations between resilience, self-efficacy and coping and depressive and anxiety symptoms and whether resilience, self-efficacy and coping were predictors of depressive and anxiety symptoms in patients newly diagnosed with MS. A sample of 129 individuals newly diagnosed with MS participated in this cross-sectional study and completed an online questionnaire assessing resilience, self-efficacy, coping and depressive and anxiety symptoms. Results revealed that depressive and anxiety symptoms were significantly associated with problem-focused, emotion-focused and avoidance coping strategies, resilience and self-efficacy. Anxiety symptoms were also significantly associated with employment status and level of disability. Results from hierarchical multiple regression revealed that the resilience subscale of personal competence, the avoidance coping style of substance use and emotion-focused coping styles of venting predicted depressive symptoms and uniquely accounted for 63.8% of the variance in the depression score, F (18, 124) = 10.36, p = .000. Level of disability and employment status accounted for 13.2% of the anxiety score and avoidance coping style of denial and emotion-focused coping style of humour accounted for 36.4% of the variance in the anxiety symptom score, F (15, 112) = 6.37, p = .000. Our findings suggest that resilience and avoidance and emotion-focused coping strategies are predictive of depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms in those newly diagnosed with MS. Resilience and coping styles may be another target for interventions aimed at managing depressive and anxiety symptoms in those newly diagnosed with MS.

  6. Attachment style and coping in relation to posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among adults living with HIV/AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore-Felton, Cheryl; Ginzburg, Karni; Chartier, Maggie; Gardner, William; Agnew-Blais, Jessica; McGarvey, Elizabeth; Weiss, Elizabeth; Koopman, Cheryl

    2013-02-01

    Research indicates that a significant proportion of people living with HIV/AIDS report symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Moreover, attachment style has been associated with psychological and behavioral outcomes among persons living with HIV/AIDS. Attachment style may influence the ability to cope with traumatic stress and affect PTSD symptoms. To examine the association between attachment style and coping with PTSD symptoms, we assessed 94 HIV-positive adults on self-report measures of posttraumatic stress, coping, and attachment style. In multiple regression analysis, avoidant attachment and emotion-focused coping were positively and significantly associated with greater PTSD symptomatology. Support was also found for the moderating effects of avoidant and insecure attachment styles on emotion-focused coping in relation to greater PTSD symptoms. Taken altogether, these results suggest that interventions that develop adaptive coping skills and focus on the underlying construct of attachment may be particularly effective in reducing trauma-related symptoms in adults living with HIV/AIDS.

  7. What′s the role of perceived social support and coping styles in depression and anxiety?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamid Reza Roohafza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to the excessive and pathologic effects of depression and anxiety, it is important to identify the role of protective factors, such as effective coping and social support. This study examined the associations between perceived social support and coping styles with depression and anxiety levels. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was part of the Study on the Epidemiology of Psychological, Alimentary Health and Nutrition project. A total 4658 individuals aged ≥20 years was selected by cluster random sampling. Subjects completed questionnaires, which were used to describe perceived social support, coping styles, depression and anxiety. t-test, Chi-square test, pearson′s correlation and Logistic regression analysis were used in data analyses. Results: The results of Logistic regression analysis showed after adjusting demographic characteristics for odd ratio of anxiety, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth with odds ratios; 95% confidence interval: 0.82 (0.76, 0.89, problem engagement (0.92 [0.87, 0.97], acceptance (0.82 [0.74, 0.92] and also among perceived social supports, family (0.77 [0.71, 0.84] and others (0.84 [0.76, 0.91] were protective. In addition to, for odd ratio of depression, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth (0.74 [0.69, 0.79], problem engagement (0.89 [0.86, 0.93], and support seeking (0.96 [0.93, 0.99] and all of social support types (family [0.75 (0.70, 0.80], friends [0.90 (0.85, 0.95] and others [0.80 (0.75, 0.86] were protective. Avoidance was risk factor for both of anxiety (1.19 [1.12, 1.27] and depression (1.22 [1.16, 1.29]. Conclusion: This study shows active coping styles and perceived social supports particularly positive re-interpretation and family social support are protective factors for depression and anxiety.

  8. What's the role of perceived social support and coping styles in depression and anxiety?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roohafza, Hamid Reza; Afshar, Hamid; Keshteli, Ammar Hassanzadeh; Mohammadi, Narges; Feizi, Awat; Taslimi, Mahshid; Adibi, Peyman

    2014-01-01

    Background: Due to the excessive and pathologic effects of depression and anxiety, it is important to identify the role of protective factors, such as effective coping and social support. This study examined the associations between perceived social support and coping styles with depression and anxiety levels. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional study was part of the Study on the Epidemiology of Psychological, Alimentary Health and Nutrition project. A total 4658 individuals aged ≥20 years was selected by cluster random sampling. Subjects completed questionnaires, which were used to describe perceived social support, coping styles, depression and anxiety. t-test, Chi-square test, pearson's correlation and Logistic regression analysis were used in data analyses. Results: The results of Logistic regression analysis showed after adjusting demographic characteristics for odd ratio of anxiety, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth with odds ratios; 95% confidence interval: 0.82 (0.76, 0.89), problem engagement (0.92 [0.87, 0.97]), acceptance (0.82 [0.74, 0.92]) and also among perceived social supports, family (0.77 [0.71, 0.84]) and others (0.84 [0.76, 0.91]) were protective. In addition to, for odd ratio of depression, active copings such as positive re-interpretation and growth (0.74 [0.69, 0.79]), problem engagement (0.89 [0.86, 0.93]), and support seeking (0.96 [0.93, 0.99]) and all of social support types (family [0.75 (0.70, 0.80)], friends [0.90 (0.85, 0.95)] and others [0.80 (0.75, 0.86)]) were protective. Avoidance was risk factor for both of anxiety (1.19 [1.12, 1.27]) and depression (1.22 [1.16, 1.29]). Conclusion: This study shows active coping styles and perceived social supports particularly positive re-interpretation and family social support are protective factors for depression and anxiety. PMID:25538777

  9. The relationship between coping style and psychological distress in people with head and neck cancer: A systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, Nicolle; Moghaddam, Nima; Tickle, Anna; Biswas, Sanchia

    2017-07-27

    Individuals diagnosed with head and neck cancer (HNC) are at elevated risk of psychological distress and reduced quality of life. This review aimed to systematically examine and critically assess the quality of empirical evidence for associations between coping mechanisms and psychological distress among people with HNC. CINAHL, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched. Studies were included if they used reliable and valid measures to investigate the relationship between coping style and psychological distress. Study quality was assessed according to pre-set criteria. Twelve studies (8 cross-sectional and 4 longitudinal designs) involving 1281 patients were reviewed. There was considerable heterogeneity in study samples and coping measures. Moderate-to-large associations between disengagement coping mechanisms (eg, avoidance) and psychological distress were observed. Engagement coping strategies (eg, direct action) were not consistently associated with psychological distress. Several studies observed a significant relationship between coping styles aimed at disengaging and distancing from cancer and increased psychological distress in people with HNC. To understand directionality of these associations and develop understanding of temporal features of the relationship between coping styles and distress, longitudinal designs could be used. This would enable evidence-based recommendations regarding psychological interventions (eg, encouraging helpful coping strategies) for individuals along their HNC care pathway. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Burnout in early course psychosis caregivers: the role of illness beliefs and coping styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onwumere, Juliana; Lotey, Gursharan; Schulz, Joerg; James, Gareth; Afsharzadegan, Roya; Harvey, Raythe; Chu Man, Lai; Kuipers, Elizabeth; Raune, David

    2017-06-01

    In occupational settings, burnout is a common response to chronic exposure stressors and has been frequently documented in formal caregivers (i.e. paid psychiatric staff). However, the literature is limited on reports of burnout among informal caregivers and particularly within early psychosis groups. The current study sought to investigate reports of burnout in carers of young adults treated within a specialist early psychosis service and links with key appraisals reported about the illness and coping. Seventy-two carers completed the Maslach Burnout Inventory along with self-report measures of coping styles and illness beliefs. Seventy-eight per cent of carers reported high burnout in at least one of the three key burnout markers (i.e. emotional exhaustion, depersonalization or low personal accomplishment). Seven per cent of carers met full criteria for high burnout across all the three domains. A carer's belief about the negative consequences of the illness for themselves was a significant predictor of emotional exhaustion and depersonalization. Low personal accomplishment was linked to a carer's less optimistic beliefs about the illness timeline and fewer reports of adaptive coping. The results provide preliminary support for the importance of asking carers in the early illness phase about their experiences of caregiving. Targeted assessment may serve as a helpful tool to identify and intervene with carers in need of additional support with stress management, use of adaptive coping strategies, and balanced recovery focused information about psychosis. © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.

  11. Context-dependent activation of reduced autobiographical memory specificity as an avoidant coping style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Debeer, Elise; Raes, Filip; Williams, J Mark G; Hermans, Dirk

    2011-12-01

    According to the affect-regulation hypothesis (Williams et al., 2007), reduced autobiographical memory specificity (rAMS) or overgeneral memory (OGM) might be considered a cognitive avoidance strategy; that is, people learn to avoid the emotionally painful consequences associated with the retrieval of specific negative memories. Based on this hypothesis, one would predict significant negative associations between AMS and avoidant coping. However, studies investigating this prediction have led to equivocal results. In the present study we tested a possible explanation for these contradictory findings. It was hypothesized that rAMS (in part) reflects an avoidant coping strategy, which might only become apparent under certain conditions, that is, conditions that signal the possibility of 'danger.' To test this hypothesis, we assessed AMS and behavioral avoidance but experimentally manipulated the instructions. In the neutral condition, two parallel versions of the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT) were presented under neutral instructions. In the threat condition, the first AMT was presented under neutral instructions, while the second AMT was presented under 'threat instructions.' Results showed no significant correlations between avoidance and OGM under neutral conditions but significant and markedly stronger correlations under threat conditions, with more avoidance being associated with fewer specific and more categoric memories. In addition, high avoiders showed a stronger reduction in AMS in the threat condition as compared with the neutral condition, while low avoiders showed no such difference between conditions. The data confirm that OGM can be considered as part of a broader avoidant coping style. However, more importantly, they show that, at least in nonclinical individuals, the activation of this coping style may depend on the context.

  12. Hostage (crisis) negotiation: the potential role of negotiator personality, decision-making style, coping style and emotional intelligence on negotiator success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grubb, Amy; Brown, Sarah

    2012-01-01

    This article explores the potential role of hostage negotiator characteristics and the impact of psychological constructs on negotiator success. It explores the role of Personality, Decision-Making Style, Coping Style, Cognitive Coping Style and Emotion Regulation and Emotional Intelligence within high stress environments and occupations. The findings suggest that certain individual traits and characteristics may play a role in negotiator success, via the mediation of specific styles, which are conducive to effective crisis negotiation skills. It is proposed that these findings have application within the field of hostage/crisis negotiation in the format of guidance regarding the recruitment and selection of hostage negotiators and the identification of potential training needs within individual negotiators in order to maximize their efficacy within the field. In line with this, it is argued that a psychometric tool that assesses these constructs is developed in order to aid the process of hostage negotiation selection.

  13. Coupling between stress coping style and time of emergence from spawning nests in salmonid fishes: Evidence from selected rainbow trout strains (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Madelene Åberg; Khan, Uniza Wahid; Øverli, Øyvind;

    2013-01-01

    Correlations between behavioral and physiological traits, often referred to as stress coping styles, have been demonstrated in numerous animal groups. Such trait variations often cluster in two contrasting styles, with animals characterized as either proactive or reactive. In natural populations...

  14. The effects of coping style on virtual reality enhanced videogame distraction in children undergoing cold pressor pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sil, Soumitri; Dahlquist, Lynnda M; Thompson, Caitlin; Hahn, Amy; Herbert, Linda; Wohlheiter, Karen; Horn, Susan

    2014-02-01

    This study sought to evaluate the effectiveness of virtual reality (VR) enhanced interactive videogame distraction for children undergoing experimentally induced cold pressor pain and examined the role of avoidant and approach coping style as a moderator of VR distraction effectiveness. Sixty-two children (6-13 years old) underwent a baseline cold pressor trial followed by two cold pressor trials in which interactive videogame distraction was delivered both with and without a VR helmet in counterbalanced order. As predicted, children demonstrated significant improvement in pain tolerance during both interactive videogame distraction conditions. However, a differential response to videogame distraction with or without the enhancement of VR technology was not found. Children's coping style did not moderate their response to distraction. Rather, interactive videogame distraction with and without VR technology was equally effective for children who utilized avoidant or approach coping styles.

  15. Stress specificities: differential effects of coping style, gender, and type of stressor on autonomic arousal, facial expression, and subjective feeling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallbott, H G; Scherer, K R

    1991-07-01

    In this study several factors considered to be relevant in mediating stress arousal were experimentally manipulated. Ss selected for the coping styles anxiety denying, low anxiety, and high anxiety were confronted with both low- and high-arousal-inducing situations, using 2 different types of stressors (cognitive vs. emotional) in each case. Arousal reactions were measured in 3 response modalities: verbal report of subjective experience; nonverbal, nonvocal behavior; and physiological reactions. The results reveal complex interactions between type and degree of stress, coping style, and gender of Ss, confirming findings on vocal parameters of stress. These complex interactions are discussed with respect to the possibility that Ss' evaluation of situation characteristics may be influenced by coping styles and gender, resulting in differential reaction patterns.

  16. Comparison of Personality Trait, Negative Experienced Emotions and Coping Styles Between Healthy Women and Those Suffering From Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Hamzeh

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Considering the importance of cancer as one of the main causes of mortality in the world and the role of various factors, including psychological ones in its onset. In this study we compared some of these factors such as personality traits, negative experienced emotions and coping styles in healthy women and those with cancer. Methods: In this study, 83 women with cancer(referred to Imam Khomeini hospital of Tehran in a one- month period and 85 healthy subjects(selected by using available sampling method and matched with the first group. Then Personality inventory of Eysenck and inventory type D(DS14 and Folkman and Lazarus coping styles on were studied in both groups. Data analysis was performed by T Hoteling test and multivariate analysis of variance(MANOVA. Results: Two groups of women(cancer- healthy were significantly different for personality trait of extraversion, negative emotion experiences and emotional-oriented coping and problem-oriented coping. Conclusion: Women with cancer compared to healthy women experienced more negative emotions and had lower score in extraversion and used more emotion-oriented coping styles and less problem-oriented styles

  17. Emotional intelligence: painting different paths for low-anxious and high-anxious psychopathic variants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidal, Sarah; Skeem, Jennifer; Camp, Jacqueline

    2010-04-01

    Psychopathic individuals may be disaggregated into low-anxious (emotionally stable "primary psychopaths") and high-anxious (emotionally disturbed "secondary psychopaths") variants that may differ in their capacity for adaptive behavior. In turn, the skills encompassed by emotional intelligence (EI) predict social and business success. Based on a sample of 188 male undergraduates, we evaluate the performance of low-anxious psychopathic, high-anxious psychopathic, and low psychopathic comparison groups on a measure of EI. High-anxious psychopaths manifested significantly lower EI than the other two groups, particularly with respect to managing emotions and facilitating thoughts. In contrast, low-anxious psychopaths manifested intact EI, with skill in facilitating thoughts. High-anxious (but not low anxious) psychopaths were more likely than low psychopathic comparisons to manifest violence. These results are consistent with the notion that primary psychopaths have greater capacity to attain success in traditional society than secondary psychopaths, and invite a direct test of this hypothesis in future research.

  18. Comparing the Early Maladaptive Schemas, Attachment and Coping Styles in Opium and Stimulant Drugs Dependent Men in Kerman, Iran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseinifard, Seyed Mehdi; Kaviani, Narjes

    2015-01-01

    Today, the society's need to find the roots of a few thousand-year old substance abuse and the drugs addiction crisis has increased to the extent that it has become a problem within our country. The problem of substance dependence is not only about drug abuse, but it is actually the interrelationship of the person and the dependency on drugs. This study aimed to compare early maladaptive schemas, attachment styles, and coping styles in men dependent on opiates and stimulants in Kerman, Iran. This was a comparative descriptive study. The study population consisted of men dependent on opiates and stimulants who referred to addiction treatment clinics in Kerman. Therefore, 150 patients (75 opium addicted men and 75 men dependent on drugs) were selected. The participants completed the Young schema questionnaire-short form (YSQ-SF), adult attachment scale (AAS), and Young coping styles questionnaire (YCSQ). The research data were analyzed using independent t-test and SPSS software. Mean age of patients using opium was 27.9 ± 3.35 years and mean age of patients using stimulant drugs was 25.6 ± 3.41 years (18-60 years old). The results showed that there was no difference between the early maladaptive schemas and coping styles in men dependent on opium and stimulants. However, there was a significant difference between attachment styles in men dependent on opium and stimulants. The mean score of avoidant and ambivalent styles in men dependent on stimulants was higher. Knowledge on the distinctions of early maladaptive schemas, attachment styles, and coping styles in substance abuse patients helps the therapists to conduct more effective treatment strategies tailored to the type of substance used in order to provide behavior modification.

  19. Influence of repressive coping style on cortical activation during encoding of angry faces.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astrid Veronika Rauch

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Coping plays an important role for emotion regulation in threatening situations. The model of coping modes designates repression and sensitization as two independent coping styles. Repression consists of strategies that shield the individual from arousal. Sensitization indicates increased analysis of the environment in order to reduce uncertainty. According to the discontinuity hypothesis, repressors are sensitive to threat in the early stages of information processing. While repressors do not exhibit memory disturbances early on, they manifest weak memory for these stimuli later. This study investigates the discontinuity hypothesis using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI. METHODS: Healthy volunteers (20 repressors and 20 sensitizers were selected from a sample of 150 students on the basis of the Mainz Coping Inventory. During the fMRI experiment, subjects evaluated and memorized emotional and neutral faces. Subjects performed two sessions of face recognition: immediately after the fMRI session and three days later. RESULTS: Repressors exhibited greater activation of frontal, parietal and temporal areas during encoding of angry faces compared to sensitizers. There were no differences in recognition of facial emotions between groups neither immediately after exposure nor after three days. CONCLUSIONS: The fMRI findings suggest that repressors manifest an enhanced neural processing of directly threatening facial expression which confirms the assumption of hyper-responsivity to threatening information in repression in an early processing stage. A discrepancy was observed between high neural activation in encoding-relevant brain areas in response to angry faces in repressors and no advantage in subsequent memory for these faces compared to sensitizers.

  20. Anxiety and styles of coping with occupational stress resulting from work with 'dangerous' prisoners in prison service officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsirigotis, Konstantinos; Gruszczyński, Wojciech; Pęczkowski, Sebastian

    2015-10-01

    Prisoners categorised as 'dangerous' are a category of prisoners that require and/or force into using special measures of caution, protection and security. The aim of the study was to examine the intensity of anxiety (as a state and as a trait) experienced by officers working with 'dangerous' prisoners and styles of coping with stress they adopt. A total of 40 officers working with 'dangerous' prisoners (the study group, SG) and 60 officers of the security department not working with 'dangerous' prisoners (the reference group, RG) were studied. The intensity of anxiety was assessed applying the Polish version of 'State-Trait Anxiety Inventory' (STAI); styles of coping with stress were explored employing the Polish version of 'Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations' (CISS) and the author's own questionnaire. Data were analysed using the mean, standard deviation, difference testing (the Mann-Whitney U test), correlation-regression procedure (Kendall's tau, τ correlation coefficient and forward stepwise multiple regression). Officers in the SG faced verbal and physical aggression; nevertheless, scores of officers in both the groups were within the interval of mean scores for all the studied STAI and CISS variables. Officers in the SG achieved significantly higher scores on the state-anxiety scale and the Emotion-Oriented Style (EOS), and lower scores on the Task-Oriented Style (TOS) and Social Diversion (SD). The correlation-regression procedure indicated that there were relationships between anxiety and styles of coping with stress but they differed slightly between the groups. Officers in the SG feel state anxiety stronger and display a stronger preference for the EOS than officers in the RG. Officers in the RG more strongly prefer the TOS and SD. State anxiety is a variable negatively explaining the TOS in the SG, whereas anxiety as a trait is a variable explaining the EOS in both the groups. The coping styles of warders dealing with dangerous prisoners are

  1. Primary and Secondary Control among Children Undergoing Medical Procedures: Adjustment as a Function of Coping Style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisz, John R.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Obtained reports of coping and goals from 33 children being treated for leukemia. Coping strategies were classified as primary control coping (attempts to alter objective conditions), secondary control coping (attempts to adjust to objective conditions), or relinquished control (no attempt to cope). Secondary control coping was positively…

  2. Neural plasticity is affected by stress and heritable variation in stress coping style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, I.B.; Sørensen, C.; Sandvik, G.K.;

    2012-01-01

    Here we use a comparative model to investigate how behavioral and physiological traits correlate with neural plasticity. Selection for divergent post-stress cortisol levels in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) has yielded low- (LR) and high responsive (HR) lines. Recent reports show low...... different stress paradigms: short-term confinement (STC) and long-term social (LTS) stress. Expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), neurogenic differentiation factor (NeuroD) and doublecortin (DCX) was generally higher in HR compared to LR fish. STC stress led to increased expression...... of PCNA and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in both lines, whereas LTS stress generally suppressed PCNA and NeuroD expression while leaving BDNF expression unaltered. These results indicate that the transcription of neuroplasticity-related genes is associated with variation in coping style, while...

  3. Appraisals and Cognitive Coping Styles Associated with Chronic Post-Traumatic Symptoms in Child Road Traffic Accident Survivors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stallard, Paul; Smith, Elisabeth

    2007-01-01

    Background: Comparatively little is known about the cognitive appraisals and coping styles of child road traffic accident (RTA) survivors that are associated with chronic post-traumatic reactions. Methods: Seventy-five children and young people aged 7-18 who were involved in a road traffic accident and attended an accident and emergency department…

  4. Sexual Sensation Seeking, Social Stress, and Coping Styles as Predictors of HIV/STD Risk Behaviors in Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teva, Inmaculada; Bermudez, Maria Paz; Buela-Casal, Gualberto

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess whether coping styles, social stress, and sexual sensation seeking were predictors of HIV/STD risk behaviours in adolescents. A representative sample of 4,456 female and male Spanish high school students aged 13 to 18 years participated. A stratified random sampling procedure was used. Self-report questionnaires…

  5. [Change in feelings of regret over time: relation to decision-making style, behavior, and coping methods].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueichi, Hideo; Kusumi, Takashi

    2004-02-01

    This study investigated the change in feelings of regret over time in relation to decision-making style, critical thinking, behavior, and coping methods with the regret. Seventy undergraduate students completed a questionnaire on critical thinking, decision-making styles, feelings of regret and the coping methods in five different situations: entrance examinations, declarations of love, skiing, career changes, and investments. Results showed the following. First, in situations which normally occur only once (i.e., entrance examinations), subjects who indicated inaction felt increased regret over time, but those who indicated action felt decreased regret. Conversely, in situations which occur regularly (i.e., declarations of love and skiing), both of those who indicated action and inaction felt decreased regret. Second, people who indicated action coped with their regret using the method of rationalization more often than those who indicated inaction. In situations which normally occur only once, analytic decision-makers tended to cope with their regret by improving their behavior more than intuitive decision-makers. Finally, critical thinkers tended to adopt an analytic style more often than an intuitive style.

  6. The Mediation Effect of Coping Style on the Relations between Personality and Life Satisfaction in Chinese Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Le; Liu, Ru-De; Ding, Yi; Mou, Xiaohong; Wang, Jia; Liu, Ying

    2017-01-01

    Previous findings showed the associations between each of the Big Five personality trait and adolescents’ life satisfaction were different. Some traits (extraversion and neuroticism) correlated with adolescents’ life satisfaction, while other traits did not have the same associations with adolescents’ life satisfaction. In order to explain why the Big Five traits differed in their associations with adolescents’ life satisfaction, the present study verified the relations between each of the Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction, and demonstrated the mediating effects of coping style on the relations between these personality traits and life satisfaction in a sample of 2,357 Chinese adolescents. The results demonstrated that four of the Big Five personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism) had significant associations with life satisfaction. Further, coping style partially mediated the relations between these four traits and life satisfaction, whereas coping style fully mediated the relation between openness to new experience and life satisfaction. The results implied a plausible explanation for why the Big Five traits differed in their associations with life satisfaction found among the previous literature: that there might be some partial or full mediation variables (such as coping style in this study) left unexamined. Theoretical and practical implications of this study on further research and educational practice are discussed. PMID:28706496

  7. The Mediation Effect of Coping Style on the Relations between Personality and Life Satisfaction in Chinese Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Le Xu

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Previous findings showed the associations between each of the Big Five personality trait and adolescents’ life satisfaction were different. Some traits (extraversion and neuroticism correlated with adolescents’ life satisfaction, while other traits did not have the same associations with adolescents’ life satisfaction. In order to explain why the Big Five traits differed in their associations with adolescents’ life satisfaction, the present study verified the relations between each of the Big Five personality traits and life satisfaction, and demonstrated the mediating effects of coping style on the relations between these personality traits and life satisfaction in a sample of 2,357 Chinese adolescents. The results demonstrated that four of the Big Five personality traits (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism had significant associations with life satisfaction. Further, coping style partially mediated the relations between these four traits and life satisfaction, whereas coping style fully mediated the relation between openness to new experience and life satisfaction. The results implied a plausible explanation for why the Big Five traits differed in their associations with life satisfaction found among the previous literature: that there might be some partial or full mediation variables (such as coping style in this study left unexamined. Theoretical and practical implications of this study on further research and educational practice are discussed.

  8. The Relationship between the Styles of Coping with Stress and the Levels of Hopelessness of Preschool Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekici, Fatma Yasar

    2017-01-01

    The main aim of this research is to examine the relationship between the styles of coping with stress and the levels of hopelessness of preschool teachers. Relational survey method was used in this research. The research sample consists of 108 preschool teachers working in preschool education institutions in Küçükçekmece district of Istanbul in…

  9. Do social comparison and coping styles play a role in the development of burnout? Cross-sectional and longitudinal findings

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carmona, C; Buunk, AP; Peiro, JM; Rodriguez, [No Value; Bravo, MJ

    2006-01-01

    The present longitudinal research among 558 teachers focused on the role of upward comparisons (with others performing better), downward comparisons (with others performing worse), and coping styles in relation to burnout. Assessed were identification (recognizing oneself in the other) and contrast

  10. The role of locus of control and coping style in predicting longitudinal PTSD-trajectories after combat exposure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstoft, K. I.; Armour, C.; Elklit, A.

    2015-01-01

    Israeli soldiers with or without combat stress reaction (CSR) from the Lebanon war were assessed 1, 2, and 20 years after the war. Combat exposure, LOC, and coping style were then investigated as covariates of the trajectories of resilience, recovery, delayed onset, and chronicity. Symptomatic...

  11. Psychometric Analyses of the Problem-Focused Style of Coping (PF-SOC) Scale with Taiwanese Samples

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Yuhsuan; Lan, Yu-Ling; Lin, Hung-Yu; Heppner, Puncky Paul

    2012-01-01

    The current research comprises two samples that investigated the psychometric properties of the Problem-Focused Style of Coping (PF-SOC; Heppner, Cook, Wright, & Johnson) scale using two Taiwanese samples. In Sample 1 (N = 809), we investigated the structural dimensions of the PF-SOC using a principal component analysis (PCA) and confirmed…

  12. Coping styles and locus of control as predictors for psychological adjustment of adolescents with a chronic illness

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, SA; Sinnema, G; Bijstra, JO; Mellenbergh, GJ; Wolters, WHG

    2002-01-01

    This study examines the way coping styles and locus of control contribute to the prediction of psychosocial adjustment in adolescents with a chronic illness. Psychosocial adjustment of 84 adolescents aged 13-16 years with a chronic illness was assessed with measures of social adjustment. global self

  13. Coping Styles: A Better Understanding of Stress and Anxiety in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Conditions Through Sport and Exercise Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irina Roncaglia

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to present an understanding of the coping mechanisms and coping styles adopted by individuals on the Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASC by looking to draw parallels with sports performance psychology and how different sources of stress and anxiety can lead to the adoption of different coping styles. Firstly, an overview of current understanding of what constitute a stressor and how this can affect an individual is presented from sport and exercise psychology literature. Secondly, a model of coping styles is illustrated with the aim to shed light at how different perceptions of levels of stress and anxiety are managed both on an individual and group level. Thirdly, within the context of this understanding, some examples about how to support individuals on the ASC will be illustrated. Finally, implications for future research and reflection will be presented by highlighting the importance of teaching and learning coping and tolerance skills as part of a comprehensive and holistic psycho-educational program.

  14. Effects of occupational stress, job characteristics, coping, and attributional style on the mental health and job satisfaction of university employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mark, George; Smith, Andrew P

    2012-01-01

    Well-being at work has been shown to be influenced by job characteristics and individual differences in coping styles. This study investigated the relationships between job demands, control, social support, efforts, rewards, coping, and attributional style in predicting anxiety, depression, and job satisfaction in a sample of 307 university employees from the UK. Results were compared to those from a sample of 120 members of the general population. Workplace demands, intrinsic and extrinsic effort, and negative coping and attributional behaviors were associated with high levels of depression and anxiety and low job satisfaction in university employees. Rewards, social support, job control, and positive coping and attributional behaviors were associated with lower levels of depression and anxiety and high job satisfaction. The study adds to the growing research on university samples by showing that a transactional approach should be adopted. This has implications for interventions and suggests that rather than just trying to change job characteristics one should identify at-risk individuals in this population and help them adopt appropriate positive coping styles.

  15. Contrasting Coping Styles Meet the Wall: A Dopamine Driven Dichotomy in Behavior and Cognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Höglund

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Individual variation in the ability to modify previously learned behavior is an important dimension of trait correlations referred to as coping styles, behavioral syndromes or personality. These trait clusters have been shaped by natural selection, and underlying control mechanisms are often conserved throughout vertebrate evolution. In teleost fishes, behavioral flexibility and coping style have been studied in the high (HR and low-responsive (LR rainbow trout lines. Generally, proactive LR trout show a behavior guided by previously learned routines, while HR trout show a more flexible behavior relying on environmental cues. In mammals, routine dependent vs. flexible behavior has been connected to variation in limbic dopamine (DA signaling. Here, we studied the link between limbic DA signaling and individual variation in flexibility in teleost fishes by a reversal learning approach. HR/LR trout were challenged by blocking a learned escape route, previously available during interaction with a large and aggressive conspecific. LR trout performed a higher number of failed escape attempts against the transparent blockage, while HR trout were more able to inhibit the now futile escape impulse. Regionally discrete changes in DA neurochemistry were observed in micro dissected limbic areas of the telencephalon. Most notably, DA utilization in the dorsomedial telencephalon (DM, a suggested amygdala equivalent remained stable in HR trout in response to reversal learning under acute stress, while increasing from an initially lower level in LR trout. In summary, these results support the view that limbic homologs control individual differences in behavioral flexibility even in non-mammalian vertebrates.

  16. Associations between quality of life, coping styles, optimism, and anxiety and depression in pretreatment patients with head and neck cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horney, Debbie J; Smith, Helen E; McGurk, Mark; Weinman, John; Herold, Jim; Altman, Keith; Llewellyn, Carrie D

    2011-01-01

    Head and neck cancer is often diagnosed at a late stage and consequently radical treatment is necessary. The pretreatment phase is a time of high anxiety and depression for patients. This study aimed to investigate whether anxiety and depression are related to quality of life, coping styles, and dispositional optimism. One hundred and three patients were recruited after diagnosis to a questionnaire study. Measures included the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale; SF12v2 Health Survey; Brief COPE, and the Revised Life Orientation Test. Quality of life, in particular emotional role explained a large proportion of the variance in pretreatment anxiety and depression. In addition, the use of negative coping styles was related to high anxiety levels and low levels of optimism were related to higher levels of depression. There are a small but significant proportion of pretreatment patients that may benefit from individualized support. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck, 2011.

  17. The influence of humor styles in coping strategies in Entre Ríos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Roberto Lillo

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the last years there has been a growing interest in the study of the resources that people use from face to a problem. The interest in the study of the characteristics related to the humor has gone in increase, especially for the influence of the development of a new concept in psychology that derives in the call positive psychology (Seligman and Csikszentmihalyi, 2000; Zinder and McCullog 2000, in Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray, Weir, 2003 which is centered in adaptive strengths such as optimism, faith, courage, as well as humor (Martin 2003, quoted in Martin et al., 2003. Sense of humor has been considered as an unidimensional construct (Omar, 1995 and the consequencies has been some errors in the assesment, as a result of a problem of validity. The present study seeks to introduce certain aspects that have not been considered in the past, so much the potential beneficial effects, as the deleterious forms of the sense of humor as for the psychological well-being. Four dimensions of the sense of humor were assesed (Martin, Puhlik-Doris, Larsen, Gray, Weir, 2003, version Lillo, 2006 relating to the uses or functions in everyday life and the ways of people cope (Fridenberg and Lewis, 1991, version Richaud de Minzi. 2003. They were also significant relationships among styles of humor and ways of coping that could explain the importance of the construct sense of humor, as an important resource to be used. Although it is necessary to highlight that it is not sought to embrace all the components of the sense of humor, but rather it is focused in the interpersonal functions and intrapsíquicas that adolescents use in daily life. These functions are considered most relevant to the well-being. Measuring these aspects of the humor, it is expected that they can explain a greater proportion of the variance as for the ways of people cope

  18. Impact of coping style and PTSD on family functioning after deployment in Operation Desert Shield/Storm returnees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Creech, Suzannah K; Benzer, Justin K; Liebsack, Brittany K; Proctor, Susan; Taft, Casey T

    2013-08-01

    The relationship between military combat and postdeployment family functioning difficulties has been frequently investigated in the literature, as has the relationship between types of coping and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Few studies, however, have examined these variables together, and no studies of which we are aware have examined the effect of coping on family functioning after combat exposure. This study examined coping style measured immediately after return from deployment, and PTSD symptoms and family functioning 18-24 months after return from deployment in a sample of Operation Desert Shield/Storm veterans (N = 2,949). Structural equation models suggested that the relationships between distinct coping styles on family functioning were differentially mediated by postdeployment PTSD symptoms. Results are consistent with full mediation for avoidant coping (βdirect = -.09, p = .07; βindirect = -.17, p family functioning outcomes, and highlight the potential utility of pre- and postdeployment coping skills training. Published 2013. This article is a US Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.

  19. Mediating effect of coping styles on the association between psychological capital and psychological distress among Chinese nurses: a cross-sectional study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, H; Peng, J; Wang, D; Kou, L; Chen, F; Ye, M; Deng, Y; Yan, J; Liao, S

    2017-03-01

    WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Studies show that psychological capital (PsyCap) is a protective factor against psychological distress, such as depressive symptoms. However, few have attempted to address the role of coping styles in the relationship between PsyCap and psychological distress. WHAT DOES THIS PAPER ADD TO EXISTING KNOWLEDGE?: Our study found moderate levels of PsyCap among nurses in China. Among the subcategories of PsyCap, optimism and hope were most highly correlated with psychological distress. Psychological distress was positively associated with negative coping and negatively associated with positive coping. This study confirmed the partial mediating effect of coping styles in PsyCap and psychological distress among Chinese nurses. In other words, this study found direct and indirect effects of PsyCap on psychological distress mediated via coping styles. WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE?: The significant mediating effect of negative and positive coping styles between PsyCap and psychological distress has implications for hospital administrators, especially nurse leaders. Effective strategies should be implemented to improve PsyCap and coping styles among Chinese nurses, and alleviate psychological distress. Optimism and hope should be emphasized in PsyCap investment. Different styles of coping are influenced and modified by teaching and experience. Therefore, it is essential that nurse managers organize educational and training programmes to provide nurses with relative coping knowledge and techniques, and improve their coping ability. Several studies suggest that coping styles are affected by social support. Thus, nurse managers should assist nurses with social support and enhance coping strategies to reduce psychological distress.

  20. Health information on the Internet and people living with HIV/AIDS: information evaluation and coping styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalichman, Seth C; Cherry, Charsey; Cain, Demetria; Weinhardt, Lance S; Benotsch, Eric; Pope, Howard; Kalichman, Moira

    2006-03-01

    Individuals who seek information on the Internet to cope with chronic illness may be vulnerable to misinformation and unfounded claims. This study examined the association between health-related coping and the evaluation of health information. Men (n = 347) and women (n = 72) who were living with HIV/AIDS and reported currently using the Internet completed measures assessing their Internet use. Health Web sites downloaded from the Internet were also rated for quality of information. HIV-positive adults commonly used the Internet to find health information (66%) and to learn about clinical trials (25%); they also talked to their physicians about information found online (24%). In a multivariate analysis, assigning higher credibility to unfounded Internet information was predicted by lower incomes, less education, and avoidant coping styles. People who cope by avoiding health information may be vulnerable to misinformation and unfounded claims that are commonly encountered on the Internet.

  1. Examining coping style and the relationship between stress and subjective well-being in Australia's 'sandwich generation'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillett, Jade E; Crisp, Dimity A

    2017-06-02

    The sandwich generation represents adults, often in midlife, who care for both children and ageing parents/relatives. While the stress they experience has received some attention, little research has investigated the subjective well-being (SWB) of this population. This study examined the relationship between perceived stress and SWB and the moderating effect of coping style. Ninety-three participants (80 women), aged 23-63 years, completed an online survey measuring perceived stress, coping strategies, life satisfaction and positive and negative affect. Stress was negatively associated with SWB. While emotion- and problem-focused coping were directly associated with SWB outcomes, the only moderating effect found was for avoidance-focused coping (AFC). Specifically, AFC was associated with higher positive affect for those reporting lower stress. This study highlights the need to recognise the distinct circumstances that exist for the sandwich generation. Limitations and suggestions for future research are discussed. © 2017 AJA Inc.

  2. Coping styles, stress tolerance, and wellbeing and their correlations in the women spouses of the mentally ill

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cherkil Sandhya

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: In the Indian cultural scenario, the wife is the primary caregiver when the husband falls mentally sick. The caregiver burden and the gender issues make women more vulnerable to this particular situation. This study attempts to take a closer look at the coping styles, stress tolerance, and wellbeing of such a population and the interplay of the above variables. Aim: This study aims to determine correlations between coping styles, stress tolerance, and wllbeing of the women spouses of the mentally ill. Materials and Method: A passive observational design has been used. The tools used in this study are Life Change Event Inventory, AECOM Coping Scale Questionnaire, and PGI Well being scale. Statistical Analysis: Pearson′s product moment correlation is used to study the relationship between the variables. Result and Conclusions: It is concluded that the wives of mentally ill tend to use certain coping styles more than others and this preference lowers the stress experienced and enhance their sense of well being. It is also concluded that women with mentally ill spouses could be hardier due to the sociocultural expectations imposed on them where care giving of their mentally sick husbands are concerned.

  3. Level of occupational stress of court probation officers and style of coping with stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Łukasz Wirkus

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Background The relationship between a court probation officer and their ward is a specific one and is frequently connected with enormous individuals costs. This fact is connected with the character of the job, and with the conditions determining its character. Psychosocial threats may influence both mental and somatic health, directly or indirectly, by means of the influence exerted by stress. Participants and procedure The main study was conducted at the offices of the teams of the Court Probation Service. The teams of the Court Probation Service are part of the structure of the following 9, randomly selected, district courts (DCs: DC Wrocław, DC Bydgoszcz, DC Szczecin, DC Poznań, DC Łódź, DC Lublin, DC Kraków, DC Katowice and DC Białystok. Participation in the research was voluntary and anonymous; the tools were arranged in sets, and the sequence of those sets was random. The sets of research tools were received by 1,000 individuals altogether. Results The conducted research confirmed the need to verify the significance of the feeling of occupational stress of court probation officers at the workplace and the correlations between it and a number of variables. Below, I present statistical analyses concerning various aspects of occupational stress experienced in the studied group, including correlations between the general level of occupational stress and the dimensions of it, and organizational predictors. The objective of the research was to indicate the styles of coping with stress and the correlations of them with the stress felt by court probation officers. Conclusions The research confirms a significant influence exerted by organizational determinants upon the general level of felt occupational stress. Professional court probation officers experience a higher level of felt occupational stress; what is conducive to that is high encumbrance with occupational responsibilities, and also functioning directly in structures of the court of

  4. The relationship between gambling attitudes, involvement, and problems in adolescence: Examining the moderating role of coping strategies and parenting styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dixon, Ramsay W; Youssef, George J; Hasking, Penelope; Yücel, Murat; Jackson, Alun C; Dowling, Nicki A

    2016-07-01

    Several factors are associated with an increased risk of adolescent problem gambling, including positive gambling attitudes, higher levels of gambling involvement, ineffective coping strategies and unhelpful parenting practices. It is less clear, however, how these factors interact or influence each other in the development of problem gambling behavior during adolescence. The aim of the current study was to simultaneously explore these predictors, with a particular focus on the extent to which coping skills and parenting styles may moderate the expected association between gambling involvement and gambling problems. Participants were 612 high school students. The data were analyzed using a zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) regression model, controlling for gender. Although several variables predicted the number of symptoms associated with problem gambling, none of them predicted the probability of displaying any problem gambling. Gambling involvement fully mediated the relationship between positive gambling attitudes and gambling problem severity. There was a significant relationship between gambling involvement and problems at any level of problem focused coping, reference to others and inconsistent discipline. However, adaptive coping styles employed by adolescents and consistent disciplinary practices by parents were buffers of gambling problems at low levels of adolescent gambling involvement, but failed to protect adolescents when their gambling involvement was high. These findings indicate that research exploring the development of gambling problems is required and imply that coping and parenting interventions may have particular utility for adolescents who are at risk of development gambling problems but who are not gambling frequently. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Comparison of type of irrational beliefs, marital conflicts and coping styles in women seeking divorce and women with intact marriages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davoud Akbarzadeh

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Family is a basic institution of society whose structure and relationships it affect the community. Obviously, studying the factors contributing to maintaining the family and strategies to deal with family problems are very important. The aim of the present study was to compare the type of irrational beliefs, marital conflicts and coping styles in divorce-seeking women and women with intact marriages in Tabriz, Iran. Method: The study method was descriptive, causal-comparative. The study sample included all 18-30 year-old married women seeking divorce and all 18-30 year-old married women with intact marriages in Tabriz, Iran. 200 women (2 groups of 100 women, one seeking divorce and one with intact marriage were selected through convenience sampling in the first group and via simple random sampling in the second group. The instruments for data collection were standardized scales: Jones Irrational Beliefs Test, Sanaei’s Marital Conflict and Endler and Parker coping styles. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and MANOVA test. Results: The results showed a significant difference between the couples seeking divorce and women with intact marriages in terms of irrational beliefs, marital conflicts and coping strategies (P<0.001. The women seeking divorce had irrational beliefs, marital conflicts and emotion-oriented coping strategies. Conclusion: Irrational beliefs, marital conflicts and coping strategies in couples seeking divorce are important to be taken into account.

  6. On the Role of Neurogenesis and Neural Plasticity in the Evolution of Animal Personalities and Stress Coping Styles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overli, Oyvind; Sorensen, Christina

    2016-01-01

    are conserved throughout the vertebrate subphylum, including factors affecting perception, learning, and memory of stimuli and events. Here we review conserved aspects of the contribution of neurogenesis and other aspects of neural plasticity to stress coping. In teleost fish, brain cell proliferation...... and neurogenesis have received recent attention. This work reveals that brain cell proliferation and neurogenesis are associated with heritable variation in stress coping style, and they are also differentially affected by short- and long-term stress in a biphasic manner. Routine-dependent and inflexible behavior...

  7. Depression and Self-Concept: Personality Traits or Coping Styles in Reaction to School Retention of Hispanic Adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca A. Robles-Piña

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to investigate whether depression and self-concept could be construed as personality characteristics and/or coping styles in reaction to school retention or being held back a grade. The participants in this study were 156 urban Hispanic adolescents, ages 12–18, and of these, 51 or 33% had been retained in school. Students who had been retained reported a lower self-concept score, higher GPA, and higher rates of depression, and they were more likely to be male than students who had not been retained. The findings of this study indicated that self-concept was a personality characteristic that, due to its malleability, is also a coping style in regards to retention with this Hispanic adolescent population.

  8. Self-esteem and styles of coping with stress versus strategies of planning in people with psychopathic personality disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastwa-Wojciechowska, Beata; Kaźmierczak, Maria; Błażek, Magdalena

    2012-02-01

    Psychopathy is a notion that has been difficult to define. The operational definition of psychopathy by Hare is one of the most commonly used in psychology and it is usually identified with the scale used to measure this type of personality, which is the Psychopathy Checklist - Revision (PCL-R). PCL-R is composed of two factors: Factor 1 describes a constellation of psychopathic traits considered by many clinicians to be basic for this type of personality, and Factor 2 describes types of behaviour indicating impulsiveness, lack of stability and antisocial lifestyle. The aim of the research was to verify a hypothesis that people with psychopathic personality disorders are characterised by high self-esteem, unconstructive strategies of planning actions and non-adaptive styles of coping with stress. The group of participants included 30 people at the age of 22-36 convicted with a legally binding sentence. Methods were: 1. The Psychopathy Checklist-Revision (PCL-R); 2. Antisocial Personality Questionnaire (APQ); 3. Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS); 4. Generalised Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES). The participants were diagnosed as psychopaths (PCL-R), and more specifically - as primary psychopaths (APQ). They revealed a grandiose sense of self-worth, increased self-control, impulsive style of functioning, perceived high self-efficacy (which might be considered as a defence mechanism). Psychopaths prefer a coping style focused on emotions and avoidance. The hypothesis was confirmed, that people with psychopathic personality disorders are characterised by high self-esteem, unconstructive strategies of planning actions and non-adaptive styles of coping with stress.

  9. The impact of coping style, self-efficacy, emotional reaction and resilience on trauma related intrusive thoughts

    OpenAIRE

    McBride, Hazel; Ireland, Carol Ann

    2016-01-01

    Purpose – This study aims to explore the impact of coping style, self-efficacy, resilience and emotional reaction of trauma related intrusions in young offenders. \\ud Design/methodology - This is a quantitative study using questionnaires. The sample was 152 young offenders in custody who were approached in their residential hall. Upon agreeing to participate they were given 24 hours to complete the questionnaire pack and returned these to the researcher at a designated time and place. \\ud Fin...

  10. Parental stress-coping styles affect the behaviour of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss at early developmental stages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Höglund, Erik; Gjoen, H.-M.; Pottinger, T.G.

    2008-01-01

    This work examined behavioural responses in yolk-sac rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss larvae originating from strains selected for high (HR) or low (LR) plasma cortisol response to a standardized stressor. The results showed that yolk-sac larvae originating from the HR strain were more sensitive...... factors, which suggest that at least some aspects of stress-coping styles are inherent to the individual, before factors such as social experience or variable access to food resources could modify behavioural strategy....

  11. Cognitive coping style (monitoring and blunting) and the need for information, information satisfaction and shared decision making among patients with haematological malignancies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rood, J.A.J.; van Zuuren, F.J.; Stam, F.; van der Ploeg, T.; Huijgens, P.C.; Verdonck-de Leeuw, I.M.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: A haematological malignancy is a serious, life-altering disease and may be characterised as an uncontrollable and unpredictable stress situation. In dealing with potentially threatening information, individuals generally utilise two main cognitive coping styles: monitoring (the tendency

  12. Determinants of Weight Loss following Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: The Role of Psychological Burden, Coping Style, and Motivation to Undergo Surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Figura

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The amount of excess weight loss (%EWL among obese patients after bariatric surgery varies greatly. However, reliable predictors have not been established yet. The present study evaluated the preoperative psychological burden, coping style, and motivation to lose weight as factors determining postoperative treatment success. Methods. The sample included 64 morbidly obese patients with a preoperative BMI of 51±8 kg/m2 who had undergone laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG. Well-established questionnaires were applied before surgery to assess the psychological burden in terms of “perceived stress” (PSQ-20, “depression” (PHQ-9, “anxiety” (GAD-7, and “mental impairment” (ISR as well as coping style (Brief COPE and motivation to lose weight. %EWL as an indicator for treatment success was assessed on average 20 months after surgery. Results. Based on the %EWL distribution, patients were classified into three %EWL groups: low (14–39%, moderate (40–59%, and high (60–115%. LSG patients with high %EWL reported significantly more “active coping” behavior prior to surgery than patients with moderate and low %EWL. Patients’ preoperative psychological burden and motivation to lose weight were not associated with %EWL. Conclusion. An “active coping” style might be of predictive value for better weight loss outcomes in patients following LSG intervention.

  13. Qualitative and quantitative Analysis of the Parenting Styles, Coping Strategies and Perceived Stress in Mothers of Children who have undergone Cardiac Interventions

    OpenAIRE

    Naumoska, Ljubica; Dojcinovski, Ilija; Ristovska, Frosina; Saiti, Sait; T.Paunovska, Suzana; Mitrev, Zan

    2012-01-01

    Exploring the parenting styles, coping strategies and perceived stress in parents of children who have undergone cardiac intervention are challenging issues because they affect the whole family dynamics. Ten mothers of children who have undergone cardiac intervention and ten mothers of healthy children, aged 5 to 14 were administered three questionnaires: Parenting styles Questionnaire, Cope and Perceived stress Questionnaire. The testing was conducted at the final day of their five-day summe...

  14. 自闭症儿童家庭应对方式和应对策略的调查%Investigation on coping style and coping strategy of parents with autistic children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦秀群; 陈华丽; 彭碧秀

    2010-01-01

    目的 调查自闭症儿童父母的应对方式和应对策略,为提高自闭症儿童父母的身心健康干预提供依据.方法 采用简易应对方式问卷对105名自闭症儿童的父母进行问卷调查.结果 自闭症儿童父母的积极应对方式得分(1.85±0.46)分,低于正常儿童父母(P0.05),白闭症儿童父亲比母亲更多采用积极应对策略.结论 相关部门和医护人员应指导帮助自闭症儿童父母尤其是自闭症儿童母亲更多采取积极应对方式和应对策略.%Objective To investigate the coping style and coping strategy of parents with autistic children, and provide reference basis for parents with autistic children.Methods Parents of 105 children with autism were investigated by adopting the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire.Results Parents of children with autism scored significantly lower than those of healthy children in the domains of positive coping style.But there was no significant difference in positive coping style and negative coping style between mothers and fathers of children with autism.However, fathers of children with autism were more likely to use positive coping strategy.Conclusions Government and medical staff should help and support parents with autistic children, especially mothers, to take positive coping style and coping strategy.

  15. Cyberbullying in Australian Primary Schools: How Victims Differ in Attachment, Locus of Control, Self-Esteem, and Coping Styles Compared to Non-Victims

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Rachel D.; Skues, Jason L.; Wise, Lisa Z.

    2017-01-01

    This study explored cyberbullying, coping resources and coping styles in a sample of 107 10- to 12-year-old Australian primary school students. Approximately 13% of participants reported experiencing single episodes of cyberbullying victimisation, while almost half of the participants (48.6%) reported being repeatedly cyberbullied. Technological…

  16. Locus of Control and Coping Style as Stress Moderators in Achievement Oriented Individuals

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-05-01

    helps individuals maintain psychosocial adaptation during stressful episodes ( Holahan , & Moos, 1987). This process is complex but it is directed toward...encounter. Subjects describe coping responses used and if they were successful. The trait approach to coping (Bolger, 1990; Holahan , & Moos, 1986...that coping strategies are either problem- focused (often called active coping) or emotion-focused. Although the latter can be active in nature, it is

  17. Increased skin conductance responses and neural activity during fear conditioning are associated with a repressive coping style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim eKlucken

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The investigation of individual differences in coping styles in response to fear conditioning is an important issue for a better understanding of the etiology and treatment of psychiatric disorders. It has been assumed that an avoidant (repressive coping style is characterized by increased emotion regulation efforts in context of fearful stimuli as compared to a more vigilant coping style. However, no study so far has investigated the neural correlates of fear conditioning of repressors and sensitizers.In the present fMRI study, 76 participants were classified as repressors or as sensitizers and were exposed to a fear conditioning paradigm, in which the CS+ predicted electrical stimulation, while another neutral stimulus (CS- did not. In addition, skin conductance responses (SCRs were measured continuously.As the main findings, we found increased neural activations in repressors as compared to sensitizers in the ventromedial prefrontal cortex and the anterior cingulate cortex during fear conditioning. In addition, elevated activity to the CS+ in amygdala, insula, occipital, and orbitofrontal cortex as well as conditioned SCRs were found in repressors.The present results demonstrate increased neural activations in structures linked to emotion down-regulation mechanisms like the ventromedial prefrontal cortex, which may reflect the increased coping effort in repressors. At the same time, repressors showed increased activations in arousal and evaluation-associated structures like the amygdala, the occipital cortex, and the orbitofrontal cortex, which is also mirrored in increased SCRs. The present results support recent assumptions about a two-process model of repression postulating a fast vigilant response to fearful stimuli, but also a second emotion down-regulating process.

  18. Consistent boldness behaviour in early emerging fry of domesticated Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): Decoupling of behavioural and physiological traits of the proactive stress coping style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaz-Serrano, J.; Ruiz-Gomez, M. L.; Gjøen, H. M.

    2011-01-01

    style seem to be coupled to the time to emerge of fry from spawning redds in natural populations of salmonid fishes. In the present study, behavioural and physiological traits of stress coping styles were compared two and five months after emergence in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), using......, early and late emerging individuals did not differ. Therefore, this study demonstrates that boldness in a novel environment is uncoupled from other traits of the proactive and reactive stress coping styles in farmed salmonids. It is possible that this decoupling is caused by the low competitive...

  19. The relationship between personality and coping style according to the mediating role of resilience in patients with

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masomeh Esmaeili

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background & Objective: This study tries to explain the role of mediator between personality characteristics and coping styles is resiliency. Material & Methods: The study population consisted of all patients is a member of the MS Society of Shiraz who were selected by convenience sampling. 3 tests were used to collect data: Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, NEO Five-Factor personality inventory questionnaire Folkman and Lazarus coping strategies. Analysis of data obtained using SPSS (version 21 software and using Pearson correlation and regression analysis was performed. Results: High neuroticism in MS patients reduce resiliency (r=-0.279. Also people with MS deal with emotional problems just behave. Emotional coping style (p=0.023 & b=0.429 and the personality trait of neuroticism (p=0.046 & b=0.388 are able to predict Resiliency. Conclusion: Based on these findings, in addition to informing the people affected by psychological training, effective in reducing neuroticism, anxiety and consequently raise the level of resiliency.

  20. Self-reported discrimination and mental health among Asian Indians: Cultural beliefs and coping style as moderators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadimpalli, Sarah B.; Kanaya, Alka M.; McDade, Thomas W.; Kandula, Namratha R.

    2016-01-01

    The South Asian (SA) population has been underrepresented in research linking discrimination with health indicators; studies that focus on the unique cultural and psychosocial experiences of different SA subgroups are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between self-reported discrimination and mental health among Asian Indians (AIs), and whether traditional cultural beliefs (believing that South Asian cultural traditions should be practiced in the US), coping style, and social support moderated these relationships. Asian Indians (N = 733) had been recruited from community-based sampling frames for the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America (MASALA) study were included in this analysis. Multiple linear regression analyses were employed to evaluate relationships between discrimination and depressive symptoms, anger, and anxiety. Participants (men = 54%) were on average 55 years of age and had high levels of English proficiency, education, and income. Higher reports of discrimination were significantly associated with higher depressive symptoms, B = .27 (.05) p discrimination and anger, B = −.005 (.002), p = .02, were weakest among those with stronger cultural beliefs. The link between discrimination and anxiety was attenuated by an active coping style, B = −.05 (.03), p = .04. In sum, self-reported discrimination appeared to adversely impact the mental health of AIs. Discrimination may be better coped with by having strong traditional cultural beliefs and actively managing experiences of discrimination. PMID:27668066

  1. Coping styles moderate the relationships between exposure to community violence and work-related outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Cody B; Johnson, Jennie; Coyle, Tom

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this study was to identify coping strategies used by employees exposed to community violence and their relationships to work-related outcomes. In study 1, Mexican Maquiladora employees who experienced community violence reported their coping strategies. Results identified 3 strategies: social, solitary, and maladaptive coping. In study 2, another sample completed measures of violence exposure, strain, coping, and turnover intention. Supervisors provided performance evaluations. Community violence predicted the use of all 3 strategies. Social coping lessened the effects of community violence on turnover while maladaptive strategies predicted increased psychological strain. Results indicate that workers use a variety of coping strategies in response to community violence that both lessen and magnify the effects of violence exposure and impact their psychological strain, turnover intention, and job performance. (PsycINFO Database Record

  2. A Study on Relationship among Depression Coping Styles and Personality in Major Depression%抑郁症患者抑郁症状、应付方式与人格关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭瑛; 郭文斌; 王国强

    2003-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relation among depression, coping styles and personality in major depression. Methods:87 major depression patients and 90 normal controls were assessed by Self- Rating Depression Scale (SDS), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Coping Styles Questionnaire. Results: The patients were found with higher scores in Neuroticism and Psychoti-cism, and lower in Extrovision and positive coping styles than normal controls. Significant relationship was found among depres-sion, extrovision, psychoticism and positive coping styles. The last three accounted for 36.8 % of the variance of depression in major depression. Conclusion: The patients scored high in neuroticism and psychoticism, and low in extorvision and positive cop-ing styles. The application of little positive coping styles may be a part of extrovision and/or psychoticism in major depression.

  3. 孕妇的成人依恋与应对方式%Adult attachment and coping styles in pregnant women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李同归; 赵丽霞; 韩钦维; 冯颖; 王美军

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To explore attachment styles, coping styles of pregnant women and their relationship. Methods; Relationship questionnaire (RQ) , Experience of close relationships ( ECR) scale ( Chinese version) , and Coping style scale were used to survey 510 pregnant women. Results; The distributions of attachment styles in pregnant women: safe style ( 59. 9% ) , dismissing style (19. 0% ) , preoccupied style (1.4. 6% ) , and fearful style (6. 4% ) . There was no statistically significant difference in the scores of " active coping focused on the problems" and " denying the problem and mental disengagement" among fhe pregnant women with four kinds of attachment styles, but the scores of " seeking emotional support and venting of emotions" in the pregnant women with safe style and preoccupied style were (2. 67 ± 0. 35 ) and (2. 69 ± 0. 35 ) , respectively, which were statistically significantly higher than those in the pregnant women with dismissing style (2. 56 ±0.35) and fearful style (2.45 ±0.28) (F3.479 =5. 975 , P <0. 01) . The score of "avoiding the problem and shifting attention" in the pregnant women with safe style was (2. 06 ± 0. 46) , which was statistically significantly lower than that with fearful style (2. 29 ± 0. 55) (F3.479 =2. 63, P <0. 05) . There was a significant negative correlation between adult attachmenl avoidance and "active coping focused on the problems" (γ = - 0. 193 , P < 0. 01) , as well as between adult attachment avoidance and " seeking emotional support and venting of e-motions" (γ = -0. 213, P<0. 01) . There was a positive correlation between adult attachment avoidance, anxiety and "denying the problem and mental disengagement" , "avoiding the problem and shifting attention" , respectively (γ = 0. 207 - 0. 304, P < 0. 01) . Conclusion ; Conducting health education among the pregnant women had a certain reference significance, model - of - self and model - of - other should be established as possible for the pregnant women when

  4. The role of vulnerability in stress-related insomnia, social support and coping styles on incidence and persistence of insomnia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarrin, Denise C; Chen, Ivy Y; Ivers, Hans; Morin, Charles M

    2014-12-01

    Individuals who are more prone to experience situational insomnia under stressful conditions may also be at greater risk to develop subsequent insomnia. While cross-sectional data exist on the link between sleep reactivity (heightened vulnerability to stress-related insomnia) and insomnia, limited data exist on its predictive value. The aim of the study was to evaluate prospectively whether sleep reactivity was associated with increased risk of incident and persistent insomnia in a population-based sample of good sleepers. Social support and coping styles were also investigated as potential moderators. Participants were 1449 adults (Mage  = 47.4 years, standard deviation = 15.1; 41.2% male) without insomnia at baseline and evaluated four times over 3 years. Sleep reactivity was measured using the Ford Insomnia Response to Stress Test (FIRST). Additional measures included depressive symptoms, the frequency and perceived impact of stressful life events, social support and coping styles. After controlling for prior sleep history, depressive symptoms, arousal predisposition, stressful life events and perceived impact, individuals with higher sleep reactivity had an odds ratio (OR) of 1.56 [95% confidence interval (CI): 1.13-2.16], 1.41 (95% CI: 0.87-2.30) and 2.02 (95% CI: 1.30-3.15) of developing insomnia symptoms, syndrome and persistent insomnia, respectively. Social support and coping styles did not moderate these associations. Results suggest that heightened vulnerability to insomnia is associated with an increased risk of developing new-onset subsyndromal and persistent insomnia in good sleepers. Knowledge of premorbid differences is important to identify at-risk individuals, as this may help to develop more targeted prevention and intervention strategies for insomnia.

  5. An online survey to study the relationship between patients’ health literacy and coping style and their preferences for self-management-related information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vosbergen, Sandra; Peek, Niels; Mulder-Wiggers, Johanna MR; Kemps, Hareld MC; Kraaijenhagen, Roderik A; Jaspers, Monique WM; Lacroix, Joyca PW

    2014-01-01

    Objective To evaluate patients’ preferences for message features and assess their relationships with health literacy, monitor–blunter coping style, and other patient-dependent characteristics. Methods Patients with coronary heart disease completed an internet-based survey, which assessed health literacy and monitor–blunter coping style, as well as various other patient characteristics such as sociodemographics, disease history, and explicit information preferences. To assess preferences for message features, nine text sets differing in one of nine message features were composed, and participants were asked to state their preferences. Results The survey was completed by 213 patients. For three of the nine text sets, a relationship was found between patient preference and health literacy or monitor–blunter coping style. Patients with low health literacy preferred the text based on patient experience. Patients with a monitoring coping style preferred information on short-term effects of their treatment and mentioning of explicit risks. Various other patient characteristics such as marital status, social support, disease history, and age also showed a strong association. Conclusion Individual differences exist in patients’ preferences for message features, and these preferences relate to patient characteristics such as health literacy and monitor–blunter coping style. PMID:24851044

  6. Consistent boldness behaviour in early emerging fry of domesticated Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar): Decoupling of behavioural and physiological traits of the proactive stress coping style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vaz-Serrano, J; Ruiz-Gomez, M L; Gjøen, H M; Skov, P V; Huntingford, F A; Overli, O; Höglund, E

    2011-06-01

    Individual variation in the way animals cope with stressors has been documented in a number of animal groups. In general, two distinct sets of behavioural and physiological responses to stress have been described: the proactive and the reactive coping styles. Some characteristics of stress coping style seem to be coupled to the time to emerge of fry from spawning redds in natural populations of salmonid fishes. In the present study, behavioural and physiological traits of stress coping styles were compared two and five months after emergence in farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar), using individuals with an early or late time to emerge. Initially, compared to late emerging individuals, early emerging individuals showed a shorter time to resume feeding after transfer to rearing in isolation. Resumption of feeding after isolation was suggested to be related to boldness behaviour, rather than hunger, in the present study. This observation was repeated five months after emergence, demonstrating behavioural consistency over time in this trait. However, in other traits of proactive and reactive stress coping styles, such as social status, resting metabolism or post stress cortisol concentrations, early and late emerging individuals did not differ. Therefore, this study demonstrates that boldness in a novel environment is uncoupled from other traits of the proactive and reactive stress coping styles in farmed salmonids. It is possible that this decoupling is caused by the low competitive environment in which fish were reared. In natural populations of salmonids, however, the higher selection pressure at emergence could select for early emerging individuals with a proactive coping style.

  7. Estratégias de coping e estilo atribucional de crianças em eventos estressantes Coping strategies and attributional styles of children facing stressful events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Dalbosco Dell'Aglio

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo investigou estratégias de coping, definidas como esforços cognitivos e comportamentais utilizados frente a circunstâncias adversas, e o estilo atribucional de crianças de oito a dez anos. As crianças foram entrevistadas e suas respostas permitiram identificar 100 eventos, as estratégias utilizadas pelas crianças para lidarem com a situação estressante e suas atribuições causais para a ocorrência do evento. Os resultados indicaram uma utilização preferencial de estratégias de busca de apoio social e de ação agressiva frente ao conflito. Como estratégia alternativa, as crianças apontaram preferência pela estratégia de ação direta. A distração foi a estratégia mais utilizada para lidar com as emoções desencadeadas pelo evento. Nos eventos que envolveram conflitos com adultos, as estratégias de ação direta, evitação e aceitação foram mais utilizadas, enquanto que com pares as estratégias de ação agressiva e busca de apoio social foram mais freqüentes. Não foram encontradas relações significativas entre as estratégias de coping e estilo atribucional. Os resultados deste estudo reforçam a posição de que as estratégias de coping não são simplesmente disposicionais, mas determinadas pelo contexto do evento estressante.This study investigated coping strategies, defined as cognitive and behavioral efforts to deal with stressful situations, and the attributional styles utilized by 8-10 year-old children. The children were interviewed and their responses led to the identification of 100 stressful events, the strategies they employed to deal with theses events, and their causal attributions for the events. The results indicated that the strategies children used more often to deal with conflict were to look for social support and aggressive actions. As an alternative strategy, the children indicated a preference for direct action. Distraction was the main strategy to deal with emotions elicited by

  8. Evolutionary background for stress-coping styles: relationships between physiological, behavioral, and cognitive traits in non-mammalian vertebrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Øverli, Øyvind; Sørensen, Christina; Pulman, Kim G T; Pottinger, Tom G; Korzan, Wayne; Summers, Cliff H; Nilsson, Göran E

    2007-01-01

    Reactions to stress vary between individuals, and physiological and behavioral responses tend to be associated in distinct suites of correlated traits, often termed stress-coping styles. In mammals, individuals exhibiting divergent stress-coping styles also appear to exhibit intrinsic differences in cognitive processing. A connection between physiology, behavior, and cognition was also recently demonstrated in strains of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) selected for consistently high or low cortisol responses to stress. The low-responsive (LR) strain display longer retention of a conditioned response, and tend to show proactive behaviors such as enhanced aggression, social dominance, and rapid resumption of feed intake after stress. Differences in brain monoamine neurochemistry have also been reported in these lines. In comparative studies, experiments with the lizard Anolis carolinensis reveal connections between monoaminergic activity in limbic structures, proactive behavior in novel environments, and the establishment of social status via agonistic behavior. Together these observations suggest that within-species diversity of physiological, behavioral and cognitive correlates of stress responsiveness is maintained by natural selection throughout the vertebrate sub-phylum.

  9. The Effect of Stress Management Training Program on Stress Coping Styles among the Adolescents in Prison in Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Öztürk, Özlem; Ocakçı, Ayşe F

    2016-09-06

    This study was performed to determine the effects of a stress management training program that was administered to adolescents in prison. This was a semi-experimental study that used pretests and posttests in controlled groups; it was performed between June 2012 and March 2013 in a closed prison for children and adolescents. The study was completed with the participation of 73 adolescents (36 in the experimental group and 37 in the control group). Adolescent Lifestyle Profile scale and the Stress Coping Styles Scale were used as the data collection tools. The Stress Management Training Program was developed by the researchers and carried out for 2 weeks, a total of 10 sessions of 40 min each. The scales were administered before the program was implemented, immediately after the program and 1 month following the program. Although there were no statistically significant differences between the mean Stress Coping Styles Scale scores of the experimental and control groups before the intervention (p > 0.05), a statistically significant difference was found after the intervention and at re-test (p management. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. Coping style and memory specificity in adolescents and adults with histories of child sexual abuse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Latonya S; Block, Stephanie D; Ogle, Christin M; Goodman, Gail S; Augusti, Else-Marie; Larson, Rakel P; Culver, Michelle A; Pineda, Annarheen R; Timmer, Susan G; Urquiza, Anthony

    2016-09-01

    Individuals with histories of childhood trauma may adopt a nonspecific memory retrieval strategy to avoid unpleasant and intrusive memories. In a sample of 93 adolescents and adults with or without histories of child sexual abuse (CSA), we tested the hypothesis that nonspecific memory retrieval is related to an individual's general tendency to use avoidant (i.e., distancing) coping as a personal problem-solving or coping strategy, especially in victims of CSA. We also examined age differences and other individual differences (e.g., trauma-related psychopathology) as predictors of nonspecific memories. Distancing coping was significantly associated with less specific autobiographical memory. Younger age, lower vocabulary scores, and non-CSA childhood maltreatment (i.e., physical and emotional abuse) also uniquely predicted less autobiographical memory specificity, whereas trauma-related psychopathology was associated with more specific memory. Implications for the development of autobiographical memory retrieval in the context of coping with childhood maltreatment are discussed.

  11. [Mediator effect analysis of the trait coping style on job stress and fatigue of the military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, J J; Jia, J M; Tao, N; Song, Z X; Ge, H; Jiang, Y; Tian, H; Qiu, E C; Tang, J H; Liu, J W

    2017-03-20

    Objective: To investigate the fatigue status of military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region, and to analyze the mediator effect of trait coping style on job stress and fatigue. Methods: In October 2010, with the method of cluster random sampling survey, 531 military personnel stationed in plateau and high cold region were chosen as subject. The fatigue status were evaluated by the Chinese version multidimensional fatigue inventory (MFI-20) , job stress were evaluated by the Job Stress Survey (JSS) , and trait coping style were evaluated by the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) . Results: According to the information of different population characteristics, mean rank of physical fatigue about the urban (town) group were higher than that of rural group (Z=-2.200, Pmilitary officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=18.965, Pmilitary officers, sergeancy and soldier group (F=14.711, P<0.05) . The score of negative coping style were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (r(s)=0.129) , reduced activity (r(s)=0.123) , reduced motivation (r(s)=0.149) and general fatigue (r(s)=0.174) respectively, the score of organizational support lack strength were positively correlated with the score of physical fatigue (r(s)=0.090) , reduced activity (r(s)=0.098) , reduced motivation (r(s)=0.099) and general fatigue (r(s)=0.130) respectively. The mediator effect of negative coping style on the job stress and fatigue was 0.013 (P<0.01) . Conclusion: The fatigue statuses of the urban (town) group and the up or equal 20-years old age group are poor, and the negative coping style plays mediator effect on the job stress and fatigue.

  12. An online survey to study the relationship between patients’ health literacy and coping style and their preferences for self-management-related information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vosbergen S

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Sandra Vosbergen,1 Niels Peek,1 Johanna MR Mulder-Wiggers,1 Hareld MC Kemps,1,2 Roderik A Kraaijenhagen,3 Monique WM Jaspers,1,4 Joyca PW Lacroix51Department of Medical Informatics, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 2Department of Cardiology, Máxima Medical Centre, Veldhoven, the Netherlands, 3NIPED Research Foundation, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 4Center for Human Factors Engineering of Health Information Technology (HIT Lab, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 5Department of Brain, Body and Behavior, Philips Research, Eindhoven, the NetherlandsObjective: To evaluate patients’ preferences for message features and assess their relationships with health literacy, monitor–blunter coping style, and other patient-dependent characteristics.Methods: Patients with coronary heart disease completed an internet-based survey, which assessed health literacy and monitor–blunter coping style, as well as various other patient characteristics such as sociodemographics, disease history, and explicit information preferences. To assess preferences for message features, nine text sets differing in one of nine message features were composed, and participants were asked to state their preferences.Results: The survey was completed by 213 patients. For three of the nine text sets, a ­relationship was found between patient preference and health literacy or monitor–blunter coping style. Patients with low health literacy preferred the text based on patient experience. Patients with a monitoring coping style preferred information on short-term effects of their treatment and mentioning of explicit risks. Various other patient characteristics such as marital status, social support, disease history, and age also showed a strong association.Conclusion: Individual differences exist in patients’ preferences for message features, and these preferences relate to patient characteristics such as health literacy and monitor

  13. Coping strategies and styles of family carers of persons with enduring mental illness: a mixed methods analysis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kartalova-O'Doherty, Yulia

    2008-03-01

    A qualitative exploratory study investigated the experiences and needs of family carers of persons with enduring mental illness in Ireland. The current mixed-methods secondary study used content analysis and statistical procedures to identify and explore the coping strategies emerging from the original interviews. The majority of family carers reported use of active behavioural coping strategies, sometimes combined with active cognitive or avoidance strategies. The percentage of cares reporting use of active cognitive strategies was the lowest among those whose ill relative lived in their home, and the highest among those whose relative lived independently. Participants with identified active cognitive strategies often reported that their relative was employed or in training. Participants who reported use of avoidance strategies were significantly younger than participants who did not report use of such strategies. The lowest percentage of avoidance strategies was among participants whose ill relative lived independently, whereas the highest was among carers whose relative lived in their home. The findings of this study highlight the importance of a contextual approach to studying coping styles and processes. Further research questions and methodological implications are discussed.

  14. The relationship between levels of resilience and coping styles in chiropractic students and perceived levels of stress and well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Innes, Stanley I

    2017-03-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between chiropractic students' coping styles and levels of resilience with their physical injuries, perceived levels of stress, and well-being. A questionnaire was distributed to the entire student body of the chiropractic program at Murdoch University, and gathered demographic variables and responses to the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, Perceived Levels of Stress Scale, Everyday Feelings Questionnaire, and Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations. Linear regression analysis was used to calculate for significant relationships. Of 244 students, 194 (81%) completed the surveys. Being female and not having recovered from an injury within 12 months was significantly associated with lower levels of well-being and higher levels of stress. Being female, possessing an increased use of an emotional-based coping style, and having lower levels of well-being were associated with higher levels of stress (R(2) = 0.65, F(6,164) = 50.47, p levels of well-being were associated with being female, higher perceived levels of stress, lower levels of resilience, and an increased use emotional coping styles (R(2) = 0.64, F[6,164] = 49.5, p levels of well-being and high levels of stress. These students may benefit from interventions aimed at enhancing their coping style choices and increasing their resilience levels. Future studies are recommended to see if these findings are consistent across chiropractic programs nationally and internationally.

  15. Resilience and active coping style: Effects on the self-reported quality of life in cancer patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popa-Velea, Ovidiu; Diaconescu, Liliana; Jidveian Popescu, Mara; Truţescu, Carmen

    2017-03-01

    Objective This study aimed to assess the association between resilience, active coping styles and the self-perceived quality of life in cancer patients. Additionally, we evaluated the contribution brought to quality of life by demographic variables (age, gender, occupational status) and medical ones (tumour, node and metastasis [TNM] stage, time from diagnosis, number of treatment lines). Methods The study design was cross-sectional. One hundred and seventy-eight patients (94 males, 84 females; mean age 56.20, SD = 7.81) consecutively admitted to two specialty hospitals in Bucharest and displaying TNM cancer stages II-IV were administered the Brief COPE Questionnaire, the RS-14 Resilience Scale and the Rotterdam symptom checklist. Hierarchical regression was used to analyze the relationship between the study variables and the quality of life components (physical distress, psychological distress, and the ability to remain active). Results The quality of life scores were within the average limits, despite 87.6% of patients being in an advanced cancer stage. Both resilience and active coping scores were in the higher range (resilience mean = 78.10, SD = 13.31, 95%CI = 76.14-80.06; active coping mean = 18.33, SD = 4.39, 95%CI = 17.68-18.98). Resilience correlated significantly with all quality of life components (global: p resilience. Among other variables, occupational status and time from diagnosis correlated inversely to two of quality of life components, and TNM stage to all. Conclusions This study points out the importance of resilience in influencing the self-perception of quality of life in cancer patients. Considering that resilience can be improved through psychological intervention, our findings may be useful for the design, adjustment, and implementation of future psychotherapeutic protocols.

  16. Inpatient schema therapy for nonresponsive patients with personality pathology: Changes in symptomatic distress, schemas, schema modes, coping styles, experienced parenting styles, and mental well-being.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaap, Grietje M; Chakhssi, Farid; Westerhof, Gerben J

    2016-12-01

    This study provides an evaluation of group schema therapy (ST) for inpatient treatment of patients with personality pathology who did not respond to previous psychotherapeutic interventions. Forty-two patients were assessed pre- and posttreatment, and 35 patients were evaluated at follow-up 6 months later. The results showed a dropout rate of 35%. Those who dropped out did not differ from those who completed treatment with regard to demographic and clinical variables; the only exception was that those who dropped out showed a lower prevalence of mood disorders. Furthermore, intention-to-treat analyses showed a significant improvement in maladaptive schemas, schema modes, maladaptive coping styles, mental well-being, and psychological distress after treatment, and these improvements were maintained at follow-up. On the other hand, there was no significant change in experienced parenting style as self-reported by patients. Changes in schemas and schema modes measured from pre- to posttreatment were predictive of general psychological distress at follow-up. Overall, these preliminary findings suggest that positive treatment results can be obtained with group ST-based inpatient treatment for patients who did not respond to previous psychotherapeutic interventions. Moreover, these findings are comparable with treatment results for patients without such a nonresponsive treatment history. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  17. Coping Styles and Social Support in Emergency Workers: Family as a Resource

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinzia NOVARA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The nature of the job of people working in emergency situations is such that they may experience high levels of stress. The study analyses the relationship between social support and coping in 182 Emergency Service professionals of three professional categories operating in dangerous situations: military, frontier police and firemen. The research confirms the relationship between coping and social support, emphasising the importance of the family source. The results also confirm what has been reported in literature about the prevalence of situational coping for professionals working in emergency situations. In this area, such research may provide a base for developing stress management programs in emergencies and for protecting and reinforcing the wellness of emergency workers, who, in turn, are victims as well.

  18. [The evaluation of the stress coping styles and emotional intelligence in psychiatrically treated adolescent patients with deliberate self-harm in relation to chosen clinical features].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gmitrowicz, Agnieszka; Szczepaniak, Anna; Jabłkowska-Górecka, Karolina

    2012-01-01

    The primary goal of the study was an evaluation of the dominating stress coping styles in adolescent patients with self-harm records, who were psychiatrically treated, taking into account the level of their emotional intelligence vs. the psychiatric diagnosis, the type of motives and decision involved in self-harming and the presence of suicidal attempts (SA) in the past. The secondary goal included an analysis of the correlations between particular stress coping skills and the level of emotional intelligence. The reported studies involved self-harming patients aged of 13-18 years during their psychiatric hospitalisation (n=31). The applied tools included the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS) and the Two-Dimensional Inventory of Emotional Intelligence (DINEMO). An evaluation of the correlation between stress coping styles and the levels of emotional intelligence in the studied group and the types of mental disorders did not reveal any significant differences between the evaluated subgroups. Patients, who confirmed an instrumental motive, obtained statistically significantly higher scores on the task-oriented scale vs. those who performed the acts of DSH for reactive or pathological reasons. Taking into consideration the type of decision, involved in self-harming acts, did not show any differences in the stress coping styles of the patients, however, those patients, who had planned an act of DSH, achieved statistically significantly higher scores in the OTHERS scale of the DINEMO. Patients with DSH and with SA in the past (77% studied group), achieved similar results in CISS and DINEMO vs. the self-harming patients without SA in the past. In the study group, one statistically significant correlation was demonstrated between CISS--the avoidance-oriented style--and the I in DINEMO. 1. Patients with DSH records and without SA constitute a fairly uniform group with regards to stress coping styles, taking into account the type of psychic disorders and the

  19. 自我效能感、应付方式和犯罪青少年抑郁的相关研究%Depression and Its Relation to General Self-efficacy and Coping Styles in Delinquent Teenagers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王才康

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To explore the characteristic of depression and its relationship with general self-efficacy and coping styles in delinquent teenagers. Methods: 228 delinquent teenagers in jail completed a battery of questionnaires consisted of General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES), Short Coping Style Scale (SCSS), and Center for Epidemiological, Depression Scale (CES-D).Results: Mean scores of depression of delinquent teenagers were found to be highly elevated. A total of 52.6% of the subjects showed depression. Depression as assessed by CES-D was found to correlate with General self-efficacy (r=-0.162) and Negative Coping Styles (r=0.177). No significant relationship was found between Positive Coping Styles and depression. Conclusion: Depression of delinquent teenagers was related to low self-efficacy and negative coping styles.

  20. A Comparison of American and Chinese Students' Perceived Stress, Coping Styles, and Health Promotion Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying; Lindsey, Billie J.; Yin, Xiaoqin; Chen, William

    2012-01-01

    A cross-sectional survey utilized the Perceived Stress Scale, Brief COPE, and Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile II to ascertain similarities and differences between American (n=319) and Chinese (n=335) college students and between higher and lower stressed students in both samples. The results suggested the existence of a country difference in…

  1. Stress and Coping Styles Are Associated with Severe Fatigue in Medical Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Masaaki; Fukuda, Sanae; Mizuno, Kei; Kuratsune, Hirohiko; Watanabe, Yasuyoshi

    2009-01-01

    Fatigue is a common complaint among medical students and researchers consider it to be related to poor academic outcomes. The authors' goal in the present study was to determine whether stress and coping strategies were associated with fatigue in medical students. The study group consisted of 73 second-year healthy students attending the Osaka…

  2. Associations of self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs and coping style with depression in patients with schizophrenia: a preliminary survey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Zi-Yan; Zu, Si; Xiang, Yu-Tao; Wang, Na; Guo, Zhi-Hua; Kilbourne, Amy M; Brabban, Alison; Kingdon, David; Li, Zhan-Jiang

    2013-10-30

    Psychological models of depression in schizophrenia have proposed that cognitive structures (e.g., self-esteem, dysfunctional beliefs) may have a role in the development and maintenance of depression. However, it has not been clear what the characteristics of these cognitive structures were in people with schizophrenia and whether they have an independent association with depression, especially in those from a Chinese cultural background. The present investigation examined 133 people with schizophrenia and 50 healthy controls and indicated that compared to the controls people with schizophrenia showed lower self-esteem, higher levels of dysfunctional beliefs and negative coping styles. Multiple linear regression analysis revealed that only low frustration tolerance, problem solving and self-blame were found to be the independent correlates of depression in schizophrenia. Results are discussed with the view of clinical implications of cognitive formulation and therapy for schizophrenia in China.

  3. Dealing with man-made trauma: the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress, and quality of life in resettled, traumatized refugees in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huijts, I.; Kleijn, W.C.; van Emmerik, A.A.P.; Noordhof, A.; Smith, A.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and quality of life in traumatized refugees (N = 335). Participants had resettled in the Netherlands on average 13 years prior and were referred to a Dutch clinic for the treatment of

  4. Dealing with man-made trauma: the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress, and quality of life in resettled, traumatized refugees in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huijts, I.; Kleijn, W.C.; van Emmerik, A.A.P.; Noordhof, A.; Smith, A.J.M.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and quality of life in traumatized refugees (N = 335). Participants had resettled in the Netherlands on average 13 years prior and were referred to a Dutch clinic for the treatment of posttr

  5. Differential effects of mental and physical health and coping style on work ability: a 1-year follow-up study among aging workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vijfeijke, H. van de; Leijten, F.R.; Ybema, J.F.; Heuvel, S.G. van den; Robroek, S.J.; Beek, A.J. van der; Burdorf, A.; Taris, T.W.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether mental and physical health relate differently to work ability and whether these associations vary with coping style. METHODS: A 1-year longitudinal study was conducted among 8842 employees aged 45 to 64 years from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability

  6. 独立学院学生心理危机源及应对方式研究%Independent College Students Psychological Crisis Stressors and Coping Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王帅; 赵志阳

    2011-01-01

    运用心理危机源量表和心理危机应对方式量表对大连理工大学城市学院学生进行抽样调查。分析了各因素对独立学院学生心理危机源强度和应对方式水平的影响,并对心理危机源强度和应对方式水平进行了相关性检验。对独立学院大学生心理危机源与应对方式提出了较有应用价值的建议。%The students of City Institute of Dalian University of Technology are sampled by using Psychological Crisis Stressors and Coping Style scales. The independent college students'psychological crisis stressors and coping style under every factor influence are analyzed, and correlation analysis is made on psychological crisis stressors and coping style. Some valuable suggestions are proposed for independent college students'psychological crisis stressors and coping style.

  7. Differential effects of mental and physical health and coping style on work ability: a 1-year follow-up study among aging workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vijfeijke, H. van de; Leijten, F.R.; Ybema, J.F.; Heuvel, S.G. van den; Robroek, S.J.; Beek, A.J. van der; Burdorf, A.; Taris, T.W.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether mental and physical health relate differently to work ability and whether these associations vary with coping style. METHODS: A 1-year longitudinal study was conducted among 8842 employees aged 45 to 64 years from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability

  8. Self-esteem, coping styles, and quality of life in polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral cleft lip and palate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pisula, E.; Lukowska, E.; Fudalej, P.S.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives : To evaluate self-esteem, coping styles, and health-related quality of life and their relationships in Polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate and related sex differences. Design and Participants : Self-report questionnaires measuring self-esteem

  9. An evaluation of the stress-negative affect model in explaining alcohol use: the role of components of negative affect and coping style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dermody, Sarah Siodmok; Cheong, JeeWon; Manuck, Stephen

    2013-03-01

    The stress-negative affect model for alcohol use was examined. The mediating roles of different components of negative affect were tested in the context of coping style. Data from 1,057 drinking adults (Mage = 44.45) and 352 drinking college students (Mage = 19.07) collected during 2001-2005 and in 2010, respectively, were examined separately. Participants completed self-administered measures of alcohol use, coping strategies, negative life events, and negative affect. A structural equation modeling framework detected stress-related drinking only in the adult sample. Sadness, anger, and guilt were significant mediators and the significant pathways differed based on coping style. The implications and limitations of the study are discussed.

  10. Perceived self-efficacy and coping styles related to stressful critical life events.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simonetta D'Amico

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The study examined the personal resources, Self-efficacy and Coping Strategies, in a sample of pre-adolescents who experienced an emotionally and socially critical event, such as the earthquake of the 6(th of April 2009, related to age and gender. METHODS: 198 pre-adolescents, 84 girls and 114 boys (Age Mean 12 years, attending Secondary School in L'Aquila meso-seismic area. The emotional, behavioural and social capacities have been assessed with specific questionnaires administered collectively ten months after the earthquake. RESULTS: Multidimensional analyses produced differentiated profiles according to gender and age: self-efficacy-perception and coping strategy profiles, based on quartiles calculations, revealed the difficulties of the subjects in estimating their ability to cope with the world of relations and emotions after the critical event. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention could be specific to the cognitive, emotional and relational state of children and adolescents and differentiated before (prevention, during (intervention and after the event (intervention and prevention.

  11. Perceived Self-Efficacy and Coping Styles Related to Stressful Critical Life Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Amico, Simonetta; Marano, Assunta; Geraci, Maria Angela; Legge, Emanuele

    2013-01-01

    Objective The study examined the personal resources, Self-efficacy and Coping Strategies, in a sample of pre-adolescents who experienced an emotionally and socially critical event, such as the earthquake of the 6th of April 2009, related to age and gender. Methods 198 pre-adolescents, 84 girls and 114 boys (Age Mean 12 years), attending Secondary School in L'Aquila meso-seismic area. The emotional, behavioural and social capacities have been assessed with specific questionnaires administered collectively ten months after the earthquake. Results Multidimensional analyses produced differentiated profiles according to gender and age: self-efficacy-perception and coping strategy profiles, based on quartiles calculations, revealed the difficulties of the subjects in estimating their ability to cope with the world of relations and emotions after the critical event. Conclusions The intervention could be specific to the cognitive, emotional and relational state of children and adolescents and differentiated before (prevention), during (intervention) and after the event (intervention and prevention). PMID:23874429

  12. Insecure attachment styles, relationship-drinking contexts, and marital alcohol problems: Testing the mediating role of relationship-specific drinking-to-cope motives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levitt, Ash; Leonard, Kenneth E

    2015-09-01

    Research and theory suggest that romantic couple members are motivated to drink to cope with interpersonal distress. Additionally, this behavior and its consequences appear to be differentially associated with insecure attachment styles. However, no research has directly examined drinking to cope that is specific to relationship problems, or with relationship-specific drinking outcomes. Based on alcohol motivation and attachment theories, the current study examines relationship-specific drinking-to-cope processes over the early years of marriage. Specifically, it was hypothesized that drinking to cope with a relationship problem would mediate the associations between insecure attachment styles (i.e., anxious and avoidant) and frequencies of drinking with and apart from one's partner and marital alcohol problems in married couples. Multilevel models were tested via the actor-partner interdependence model using reports of both members of 470 couples over the first nine years of marriage. As expected, relationship-specific drinking-to-cope motives mediated the effects of actor anxious attachment on drinking apart from one's partner and on marital alcohol problems, but, unexpectedly, not on drinking with the partner. No mediated effects were found for attachment avoidance. Results suggest that anxious (but not avoidant) individuals are motivated to use alcohol to cope specifically with relationship problems in certain contexts, which may exacerbate relationship difficulties associated with attachment anxiety. Implications for theory and future research on relationship-motivated drinking are discussed.

  13. Illness behavior: prediction by symptoms, the Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck Personality Types, neuroticism, life events, coping, health locus of control, social support, and attribution style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orejudo Hernández, Santos; Froján Parga, María Xesús; Malo Aznar, Carmen

    2007-11-01

    A study was carried out with 501 persons to analyze the predictive capacity of various psychosocial variables-symptom perception, neuroticism, Personality Types 2 and 4 of Grossarth-Maticek and Eysenck, beliefs about health, social support, or certain coping styles-on two health-related behaviors: the frequency of visits to the doctor and self-medication. The results were analyzed by two structural equation models that revealed that some of the variables have direct effects on the behaviors, whereas other variables, such as attribution style, coping styles, or the impact of the stressors, have indirect effects via the reported symptoms or neuroticism. In addition, self-medication and the frequency of health service visits are independent of each other, which shows that their determinants are different. It is concluded that to address these factors in the two health indicators, it is also necessary to take in account the psychosocial variables considered herein.

  14. Relationship between parental rearing style coping style among middle school students in Kunnming%昆明市中学生父母教养方式与应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡安艳; 黄莹; 李燕; 陈桂存

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between parental rearing style and middle school students' coping style, and to provide bases for the further intervention. Methods By using Parents Education Style Value Questionnaire and Coping Style Questionnaire to investigate 4 189 middle school students in Kunming. Results There were significant differences between male and female students,difference between middle school and high school in parents' emotional warmth and understanding, severe punishment, resolving problem and seeking social support. Parents' rearing style was apparently correlated with some factors of coping style. Conclusion There are gender differences in parental styles and coping style, and parental rearing pattern obviously affect coping style.%目的 探讨父母教养方式与中学生应对方式的关系,为进一步采取干预措施提供依据.方法 采用父母养育方式评价量表(EMBU)、中学生应对方式量表,对分层随机整群抽取的昆明市4 189名中学生进行问卷调查.结果 父母养育方式中的父母情感温暖、理解,惩罚、严厉等因子以及应对方式中的问题解决、寻求社会支持等因子均存在显著性别差异和学段差异.父母养育方式中的各因子与应对方式中的一些因子显著相关.结论 中学生父母教养方式和应对方式有显著的性别、年级差异,中学生的父母教养方式对其应对方式有显著影响.

  15. Leader Style and Anxiety Level: Their Relation to Autonomic Response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seemann, Daniel C.

    1982-01-01

    Studied effects of leader style and a group of people classified as either high-anxious or low-anxious. Measured participants' (N=71) responses to the leader styles using Galvanic Skin Response. Results indicated similar responses of participants to both autocratic and democratic leadership styles. (RC)

  16. Perceiving Partners to Endorse Benevolent Sexism Attenuates Highly Anxious Women's Negative Reactions to Conflict.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cross, Emily J; Overall, Nickola C; Hammond, Matthew D

    2016-07-01

    Benevolent sexism prescribes that men are dependent on women in relationships and should cherish their partners. The current research examined whether perceiving male partners to endorse benevolent sexism attenuates highly anxious women's negative reactions to relationship conflict. Greater attachment anxiety was associated with greater distress and insecurity during couples' conflict discussions (Study 1), during daily conflict with intimate partners (Study 2), and when recalling experiences of relationship conflict (Study 3). However, this heightened distress and insecurity was attenuated when women (but not men) perceived their partner to strongly endorse benevolent sexism (Studies 1-3) and thus believed their partner could be relied upon to remain invested (Study 3B). These novel results illustrate that perceiving partners to endorse benevolent sexism alleviates anxious women's insecure reactions to relationship threat by conveying partner's continued reliability. Implications of these security-enhancing effects are considered in light of the role benevolent sexism plays in sustaining gender inequality.

  17. Research on the features of college students’ coping style and the relationship between college students’ coping style and suicide ideation%大学生应对方式的特点及其与自杀意念的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斐然; 高树刚; 叶红; 周紫哲; 高艳华

    2013-01-01

      目的探讨大学生应对方式的特点及其与自杀意念的关系。方法采用应对方式问卷、症状自评量表和自编一般情况调查表对724名大学生进行测试。结果大学生的应对方式依次为解决问题、求助、幻想、合理化、退避、自责。二年级学生与一、四年级学生相比,更多选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,更少使用自责等不成熟应对方式。女生的解决问题、求助成熟应对方式得分高于男生,自责、退避、合理化、幻想等非成熟应对方式得分低于男生。农村来源大学生比城市来源大学生更少选择自责、退避和合理化。专科生与本科生相比,更多地选择求助,较少选择自责、幻想和合理化。对所学专业满意的大学生更多选择解决问题,较少选择自责等不成熟应对方式。认为班里气氛“团结、活跃、愉快”的学生与认为“一般”和“不团结、不活跃、不愉快”的学生相比,更多选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,较少选择自责等不成熟应对方式。身体健康良好的学生与身体一般的学生相比,更多选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,较少选择自责等不成熟应对方式。但独生子女与非独生子女大学生在选择应对方式上没有差异。有自杀意念的大学生占9.81%。应对方式与自杀意念密切相关,自责对自杀意念有较大的正向预测作用,解决问题对自杀意念有负向预测作用。结论大学生主要选择解决问题、求助成熟应对方式,在年级、性别、生源、学历、专业满意度、班里气氛、身体健康上应对方式各因子得分有差异,应对方式与自杀意念密切相关,应引导其采用解决问题应对方式。%  Objective To investigate the features of college students’ coping style and the relationship between college students’ coping style and suicide ideation. Methods

  18. 大学生应对方式的影响因素及其与心理健康关系的研究进展%Research progress on the influencing factor of college students’ coping style and the relationship between mental health and college students’ coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王斐然; 高树刚; 叶红; 周紫哲; 吴世瑾

    2013-01-01

      通过对国内有关大学生应对方式的影响因素及大学生应对方式对心理健康影响的大量研究进行的综述,分析了大学生应对方式与性别、年龄、学科类别、城乡来源、教养方式、人格特征的关系,以及应对方式对大学生心理健康的影响。%Through the summarization of massive internal study about the influencing factor of college students’ coping style and the relationship between mental health and college students’ coping style, the relationship between college students’ coping style and the influencing factor as sexual distinction, age, subject, hometown, parental care style, personality, as well as the effects of coping styles on mental health of college students were analyzed.

  19. Attachment and coping of dementia care staff: The role of staff attachment style, geriatric nursing self-efficacy, and approaches to dementia in burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokkonen, Taru-Maija; Cheston, Richard I L; Dallos, Rudi; Smart, Cordet A

    2014-07-01

    Past research suggests that dementia care staff are vulnerable to the development of burnout, which has implications for staff well-being and hence the quality of care for people with dementia. Studying personal vulnerability factors in burnout is important as it can guide staff training and support. Attachment theory suggests that adult attachment styles affect caregiving relationships and individuals' responses to stress, providing a framework for understanding caregivers' styles of coping. This cross-sectional survey study examined relationships between staff attachment styles, geriatric nursing self-efficacy, and approaches to dementia in burnout. Seventy-seven members of dementia care staff working on inpatient wards for older people completed self-report questionnaires. Insecure attachment, lower levels of self-efficacy, and more optimistic attitudes in staff were related to higher levels of burnout. Staff training on the role of attachment in dementia care is recommended. Further research is required to explore mediating factors between adult attachment styles and burnout.

  20. Coping Style and Personality of Patients with Graves Disease%不同个性甲亢患者应付方式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海晨; 臧德馨

    2001-01-01

    目的:探讨不同个性的甲亢患者应付方式区别。方法:采用应付方式问卷(CSQ)、艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)及A型人格问卷(TABPQ)对82例成人甲亢患者进行评定及分析。结果:个性外倾的患者正性应付方式分高于个性内倾的患者,而负性应付方式间无显著差异。情绪不稳定患者组负性应付方式分显著高于情绪稳定组,而正性应付方式间无显著差异。A型行为患者的负性应付方式分显著高于B型行为患者。相关分析发现正性应付方式分与EPQ-E呈显著正相关;负性应付方式分与EPQ-N、A型行为总分(TCH)有显著正相关。多元回归发现,患者的应付方式受多方面因素的影响,其中受EPQ-E、EPQ-N影响较直接而且影响较大。结论:甲亢患者的应付方式可能受个性因素的影响。%Objective: To investigate the relation between coping style and personality of patients with Graves disease. Method: Eighty two patients with Graves disease were assessed by Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) and Type A Behavior Questionnaire (TABQ). Results: The extroversive patients adopted more positive coping style than introversive patients did. Patients with higher EPQ-N score had higher score in negative coping. Those with Type A behavior had higher score in negative coping either. There were positive correlation between score of positive coping and that of EPQ-E, between score of negative coping and score of EPQ-N or score of Type A behavior. Conclusion: The coping style of patients with Graves disease is influenced by their personality.

  1. The associations of humorous coping styles, affective states, job demands and job control with the frequency of upper respiratory tract infection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibe Doosje

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: There is some evidence that job demands and job resources such as job control and humorous coping may contribute to the risk of upper respiratory tract infections (URTI.Research purpose: The purpose of this study was to test a model including these variables as well as job-related affect, in order to explore their role in the explanation of the frequency of upper respiratory tract infection.Motivation of the study: This study has been conducted in order to extend our understanding of the role of traditional variables like job demands and job control with humorous coping styles and affective variables with regard to the explanation of the frequency of URTI.Research design, approach and method: A sample of 2094 employees filled out questionnaires assessing job demands, job control, generic (MSHS-C, antecedent-focused and responsefocused humorous coping (QOHC and job-related affect (JAWS.Main findings: Job demands were indirectly related to the frequency of upper respiratory tract infections, mediated by their relationships with job control and negative job-related affect. Generic and response-focused humorous coping were less relevant for the explanation of the frequency of upper respiratory tract infections than the presumably ‘healthy’ antecedentfocused humorous coping style. The latter showed a negative association with negative jobrelated affect. The frequency of upper respiratory tract infections was better predicted by job control and negative job-related affect than by humorous coping, in the expected directions.Practical/managerial implication: These findings may have practical relevance for the improvement of stress management interventions in organisations.Contribution/value-add: Although it was shown that healthy humorous coping does contribute to decreases in upper respiratory tract infection, job demands, job resources and negative affective state seem the most important predictors.

  2. Effectiveness of the Friends for Life Program in Portuguese Schools: Study with a Sample of Highly Anxious Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Ana Isabel; Marques, Teresa; Russo, Vanessa; Barros, Luísa; Barrett, P.

    2014-01-01

    The FRIENDS for Life program is a cognitive-behavioral group program that targets anxiety in children. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of the Portuguese version of the FRIENDS for Life Program, which was implemented in schools to reduce anxiety problems in a group of highly anxious children. The study used a…

  3. Effectiveness of the Friends for Life Program in Portuguese Schools: Study with a Sample of Highly Anxious Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereira, Ana Isabel; Marques, Teresa; Russo, Vanessa; Barros, Luísa; Barrett, P.

    2014-01-01

    The FRIENDS for Life program is a cognitive-behavioral group program that targets anxiety in children. The main purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of the Portuguese version of the FRIENDS for Life Program, which was implemented in schools to reduce anxiety problems in a group of highly anxious children. The study used a…

  4. The dynamics of mood and coping in bipolar disorder: longitudinal investigations of the inter-relationship between affect, self-esteem and response styles.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hana Pavlickova

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Previous research has suggested that the way bipolar patients respond to depressive mood impacts on the future course of the illness, with rumination prolonging depression and risk-taking possibly triggering hypomania. However, the relationship over time between variables such as mood, self-esteem, and response style to negative affect is complex and has not been directly examined in any previous study--an important limitation, which the present study seeks to address. METHODS: In order to maximize ecological validity, individuals diagnosed with bipolar disorder (N = 48 reported mood, self-esteem and response styles to depression, together with contextual information, up to 60 times over a period of six days, using experience sampling diaries. Entries were cued by quasi-random bleeps from digital watches. Longitudinal multilevel models were estimated, with mood and self-esteem as predictors of subsequent response styles. Similar models were then estimated with response styles as predictors of subsequent mood and self-esteem. Cross-sectional associations of daily-life correlates with symptoms were also examined. RESULTS: Cross-sectionally, symptoms of depression as well as mania were significantly related to low mood and self-esteem, and their increased fluctuations. Longitudinally, low mood significantly predicted rumination, and engaging in rumination dampened mood at the subsequent time point. Furthermore, high positive mood (marginally instigated high risk-taking, and in turn engaging in risk-taking resulted in increased positive mood. Adaptive coping (i.e. problem-solving and distraction was found to be an effective coping style in improving mood and self-esteem. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first to directly test the relevance of response style theory, originally developed to explain unipolar depression, to understand symptom changes in bipolar disorder patients. The findings show that response styles significantly impact on

  5. Impaired microglia fractalkine signaling affects stress reaction and coping style in mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winkler, Zsuzsanna; Kuti, Dániel; Ferenczi, Szilamér; Gulyás, Krisztina; Polyák, Ágnes; Kovács, Krisztina J

    2017-09-15

    Microglia, resident immune cells of the CNS are sensitive to various perturbations of the environment, such as stress exposure, and may be involved in translating these changes to behavior. Among the pathways mediating stress-related neuronal cues to microglia, the fractalkine-fractalkine receptor (CX3CR1) signaling plays a crucial role. Using mice, in which the CX3CR1 gene was deleted, we explored hormonal and behavioral responses to acute and chronic stress along with changes in hypothalamic microglia. CX3CR1(-/-) animals display active escape in forced swim- and tail suspension tests, exaggerated neuronal activation in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus and increased corticosterone release in response to restraint. Analysis of Iba1 immunostaining of hypothalamic sections revealed stress-related reduction of microglia in CX3CR1(-/-) mice. Because microglia also contribute to energy balance regulation, we characterized metabolic phenotype of CX3CR1(-/-) mice. Comparison of respiratory exchange ratio did not show genotype effect on fuel preference, however, the energy expenditure was increased in CX3CR1(-/-) mice, which may be related to their active coping behavior. Microglia and fractalkine signaling has been repeatedly shown to be involved chronic stress-induced depressive state. CX3CR1(-/-) mice did not become anhedonic in the "two hit" chronic stress paradigm, confirming resistance of these animals to chronic stress-induced mood alterations. However, there was no difference in stress hormone levels, open field performance and hypothalamic microglia distribution between the genotypes. These results highlight differential involvement of microglia fractalkine signaling in controlling/integrating hormonal-, metabolic and behavioral responses to acute and chronic stress challenges. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  6. Locus of control and styles of coping with stress in students educated at Polish music and visual art schools – a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nogaj Anna Antonina

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on identifying differences in the locus of control and styles of coping with stress among young students who are artistically gifted within the fields of music and visual arts. The research group includes Polish students (n = 354 of both music and visual art schools who develop their artistic talents in schools placing particular emphasis on professional training of their artistic abilities and competences within the field of music or visual arts respectively. We make an assumption that different types of difficult situations experienced by youth educated at music and visual art schools may generate differences in dominating personal traits as well as in their sphere of emotions. The results of crosssectional research in 2013 confirm the assumption regarding differences among music and visual art school students both with regard to the source of the locus of control, understood as the personality variable, and dominating styles of coping with stress. Moreover, a positive correlation between the tendency towards internal locus of control and a task-oriented style of coping with stress in difficult situations has been observed in music school students.

  7. Research on the Psychological Stress of Graduate Students and the Coping Styles%研究生心理压力及应对方式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑艳丽; 孙梓松; 卢钰; 桂幸; 伍静; 顾雅霜; 徐学俊

    2015-01-01

    Using psychological stress questionnaire and coping style questionnaire, the psychology health of 190 graduate stu-dents from Wuhan City is investigated. The results show that:(1) The status quo of psychological pressure of the graduate students is good, and the stress level is moderate. (2) The main sources of stress are the concerns of the academic papers and the future. (3) Solving problems and asking for help are the main coping styles. (4) In some demographic variables, there are significant differ-ences on the psychological pressure and coping style of postgrad-uates.%本文采用研究生心理压力问卷、应对方式问卷,对武汉市190名高校研究生进行调查。结果发现:(1)研究生心理压力现状良好,压力水平中等偏下。(2)学业论文压力及对未来的担忧是主要压力源。(3)研究生压力应对方式以问题解决、求助为主。(4)在人口学统计变量中,研究生的心理压力及应对方式存在着显著差异。

  8. Individual Differences in the Psychobiological Response to Psychosocial Stress (Trier Social Stress Test): The Relevance of Trait Anxiety and Coping Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villada, Carolina; Hidalgo, Vanesa; Almela, Mercedes; Salvador, Alicia

    2016-04-01

    The main objective of this study was to investigate the contribution of some personality traits to the physiological and psychological response to a standardized laboratory psychosocial stressor (trier social stress test). Cortisol and affective response (anxiety and mood) were analysed in a mixed-sex group composed of 35 young adults who participated in a crossover design (18 men and 17 women). After verifying a statistically significant response to the trier social stress test in all parameters studied in both sex groups, exploratory cluster analyses were carried out to identify sub-groups based on their psychophysiological responses. These analyses showed two different groups: subjects displaying lower psychological response along with higher cortisol response (cluster 1) compared with the group with high affective reactivity along with lower cortisol response (cluster 2). Interestingly, we also found significant differences in trait anxiety and coping styles when the two clusters were compared. Subjects in cluster 1 showed lower scores on trait anxiety and higher scores on active coping, whereas the subjects in the second cluster obtained higher scores on anxiety and on coping focused on emotions and mental disengagement. These findings support the importance of personality traits and coping styles in understanding the overall integrative psychobiological responsiveness to social stress.

  9. [Relationship between two aspects of self-oriented perfectionism and self-evaluative depression: using coping styles of uncontrollable events as mediators].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogai, Yasukazu

    2004-08-01

    Self-oriented perfectionism has two aspects: pursuing perfection simply as a goal (Personal Standard: PS) and not accepting imperfection (Concern for Mistake: CM, Doubting of Action: D). The former is said to enhance mental health, while the latter deteriorates it. The latter aspect may also have vulnerability to uncontrollable events. The present study used causal modeling to investigate the relation of these two aspects, self-evaluative depression (composed of Self-Esteem and Depression: SED), and styles of coping with uncontrollable events. A questionnaire measuring these concepts was completed by 169 college students, and the following results were yielded: Of the two aspects of self-oriented perfectionism, PS lowered SED, while CM and D heightened SED. PS increased such coping styles that attempt to control uncontrollable events as "Face and Act", "Positive expectation" and "Rumination", whereas CM increased "Avoidance", "Negative expectation" and "Self-blame" copings, which represent vulnerability to uncontrollable events. Moreover, Self-blame coping increased SED. These results suggested that CM was related, via Self-blame, to negative evaluation of imperfect self.

  10. 大学生孤独感与应对方式的相关研究%Exploring the Loneliness and Coping Style of College Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟恒芳

    2014-01-01

    Taking 220 college students of Yudong campus of Shanxi Datong University as subjects,using the UCLA loneliness scale and coping style questionnaire,we carry out the test on the four grades and use of SPSS13.0 for data test and correlation analysis. The loneliness of college students is positive correlated with positive coping style; Loneliness in gender proportion of boys are higher than the girls, but there were no significant differences in the grade variables;The girls adopt rational coping style frequently than the boys, and there are some differences in self blame on each grade. In fantasy coping style, there exists significant diversity between high and low grades. We should think highly of the effect of gender difference and grade difference arising on loneliness and other mental ac⁃tivities in psychological counseling of college students. At the same time, we can use the training and guidance of positive coping style to reduce the loneliness of college students.%以山西大同大学御东校区的220名大学生为被试,用UCLA孤独量表和应对方式问卷,对大学四个年级进行测查,运用SPSS13.0进行数据的检验和相关分析。大学生孤独感与积极的应对方式呈正相关;孤独感在性别上男生比例明显高于女生,而在年级变量上无显著差异;在应对方式上,女生更多的采用合理化的应对方式,各个年级在自责应对方式上的得分有一定差异,在幻想应对方式上,高低年级之间均达到一定差异。在大学生心理辅导中应当注意性别差异以及年级差异对孤独感等心理活动所产生的影响,可利用积极应对方式的培训与引导来降低大学生的孤独感。

  11. High School Seniors' Styles of Coping with the Nuclear Threat, 1975-1984: Reconciling Theories, Taxonomies, and Empirical Trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diamond, Gregory; Bachman, Jerald G.

    As awareness of the threat of nuclear war has increased over the past decade (1975-1984), young people have learned to cope with the possibility of unimaginable catastrophe. This paper accordingly begins by reviewing literature on how people cope with the threat of nuclear war, in order to reconcile general theories of coping with nuclear anxiety…

  12. Estilos de afrontamiento a la enfermedad en pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello Illness Coping Styles in Patients with Head and Neck Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dayana Hernandez Mederos

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available

    Fundamento: Los estilos de afrontamiento a la enfermedad son variables indispensables que pueden tanto entorpecer como facilitar la adherencia a la terapéutica, el bienestar psicológico y la calidad de vida en general de los pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello.
    Objetivo
    : Determinar los estilos de afrontamiento a la enfermedad en pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello. Método: Estudio descriptivo, de un total de 30 pacientes seleccionados mediante un muestreo sistemático aleatorio, los cuales fueron atendidos en el Hospital Universitario Celestino Hernández Robau, de Santa Clara, desde noviembre del 2007 hasta mayo del 2008. De ellos, 15 estaban recién diagnosticados y previos al tratamiento, y 15 en etapa de control de la enfermedad. Los pacientes fueron evaluados cualitativa y cuantitativamente, mediante la aplicación del cuestionario de estilos de afrontamiento a la enfermedad y la entrevista psicológica. Se consideraron como variables: estilos de afrontamiento, factores de riesgo, relaciones interpersonales, autovaloración, valoración de la vida, edad, sexo, nivel de escolaridad, estado civil y estado laboral. Resultados: En los pacientes del grupo en etapa diagnóstica se apreció una tendencia a expresar fundamentalmente dos estilos de afrontamiento: negación optimista y afecto distracción. Sin embargo, en el grupo en etapa de control de la enfermedad predominó el estilo de afrontamiento: información relevante.
    Conclusiones: El estudio permitió identificar los principales estilos de afrontamiento a la enfermedad en los pacientes con cáncer de cabeza y cuello, con resultados distintos a los hallados por otros autores.

    Background: Illness coping styles are essential variables that can both hinder or facilitate adherence to therapy, psychological wellbeing and overall life quality of patients with

  13. Coping style and psychological adaptation of college students%大学生的应付方式与其心理适应性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏宇; 魏文风

    2007-01-01

    而作为无效问卷,其余343名学生数据进入结果分析.①因素分析显示大学生应对方式的类型主要为F1(寻求支持)、F2(积极思维)、F3(认知升华)、F4(消极自责)、F5(面对现实)、F6(转移逃避)、F7(情绪宣泄),聚类分析应对方式的类型主要为A类(主动面对型),B类(被动退避型),C类(消极宣泄型).②适应水平较高的受试者更多的运用A类方式,适应差的学生较多使用B、C类方式,C类应付在学生群体中的使用频率较低.A类方式与身心症状的检出率呈显著负相关(r=-0.258,P<0.01),与适应性水平呈显著正相关(r=0.467,P<0.01);B类方式和C类方式与身心症状检出率都呈显著正相关(r=0.338,0.364,P<0.01),B类与心理适应性有较显著的负相关(r=-0.140,P<0.05),C类只与长期的心理适应性的关系不显著.A类与C类具有各自的独立性.不同程度应激水平与3类应付方式也有显著关系,高应激与较少的使用A类方式有关,而与较多的使用B类、C类有关.结论:应付方式具有复杂性,不同应对方式的使用与心理适应性水平有显著相关,但影响的方向也因个体特点、结果变量指标、应激程度大小等因素有所不同.%BACKGROUND: At present, it is affirmed that coping style is the important mediator between stress and health both on mental and body. The coping theory is descripted as three orientations: trait view, contextual view and interaction person-environment view. The conception and classification of the coping styles still remains to be explored. OBJECTIVE: To probe into the dimensions of coping styles, the characteristics of different coping styles and the correlation between coping styles and psychological adaptation among college students.DESTGN: Questionnaire investigation.SETTING: School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University.PARTICIPANTS: Altogether 343 college students were randomly chosen from Tianjin University, Tianjin University of Commerce, Tianjin Normal University

  14. Style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2017-01-01

    Defined as the tropes, figures, and grammar of the text, style is quite concrete, quite analyzable. Pure detection and identification of the tropes and figures of a text is not very interesting to literary studies, though, unless it is combined with interpretation, that is, unless you ask: What i...

  15. Co-segregation of hyperactivity, active coping styles, and cognitive dysfunction in mice selectively bred for low levels of anxiety.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yen, Yi-Chun; Anderzhanova, Elmira; Bunck, Mirjam; Schuller, Julia; Landgraf, Rainer; Wotjak, Carsten T

    2013-01-01

    We established mouse models of extremes in trait anxiety, which are based on selective breeding for low vs. normal vs. high open-arm exploration on the elevated plus-maze. Genetically selected low anxiety-related behavior (LAB) coincided with hyperactivity in the home cage. Given the fact that several psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, mania, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) share hyperactivity symptom, we systematically examined LAB mice with respect to unique and overlapping endophenotypes of the three diseases. To this end Venn diagrams were used as an instrument for discrimination of possible models. We arranged the endophenotypes in Venn diagrams and translated them into different behavioral tests. LAB mice showed elevated levels of locomotion in the open field (OF) test with deficits in habituation, compared to mice bred for normal (NAB) and high anxiety-related behavior (HAB). Cross-breeding of hypoactive HAB and hyperactive LAB mice resulted in offspring showing a low level of locomotion comparable to HAB mice, indicating that the HAB alleles are dominant over LAB alleles in determining the level of locomotion. In a holeboard test, LAB mice spent less time in hole exploration, as shown in patients with schizophrenia and ADHD; however, LAB mice displayed no impairments in social interaction and prepulse inhibition (PPI), implying a unlikelihood of LAB as an animal model of schizophrenia. Although LAB mice displayed hyperarousal, active coping styles, and cognitive deficits, symptoms shared by mania and ADHD, they failed to reveal the classic manic endophenotypes, such as increased hedonia and object interaction. The neuroleptic haloperidol reduced locomotor activity in all mouse lines. The mood stabilizer lithium and the psychostimulant amphetamine, in contrast, selectively reduced hyperactivity in LAB mice. Based on the behavioral and pharmacological profiles, LAB mice are suggested as a novel rodent model of ADHD-like symptoms.

  16. Co-segregation of hyperactivity, active coping styles and cognitive dysfunction in mice selectively bred for low levels of anxiety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi-Chun eYen

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We established mouse models of extremes in trait anxiety, which are based on selective breeding for low vs. normal vs. high open-arm exploration on the elevated plus-maze. Genetically selected low anxiety-related behavior (LAB coincided with hyperactivity in the home cage. Given the fact that several psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, mania and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD share hyperactivity symptom, we systematically examined LAB mice with respect to unique and overlapping endophenotypes of the three diseases. To this end Venn diagrams were used as an instrument for discrimination of possible models. We arranged the endophenotypes in Venn diagrams and translated them into different behavioral tests. LAB mice showed elevated levels of locomotion in the open field test with deficits in habituation, compared to mice bred for normal (NAB and high anxiety-related behavior (HAB. Cross-breeding of hypoactive HAB and hyperactive LAB mice resulted in offspring showing a low level of locomotion comparable to HAB mice, indicating that the HAB alleles are dominant over LAB alleles in determining the level of locomotion. In a holeboard test, LAB mice spent less time in hole exploration, as shown in patients with schizophrenia and ADHD; however, LAB mice displayed no impairments in social interaction and prepulse inhibition, implying a unlikelihood of LAB as an animal model of schizophrenia. Although LAB mice displayed hyperarousal, active coping styles and cognitive deficits, symptoms shared by mania and ADHD, they failed to reveal the classic manic endophenotypes, such as increased hedonia and object interaction. The neuroleptic haloperidol reduced locomotor activity in all mouse lines. The mood stabilizer lithium and the psychostimulant amphetamine, in contrast, selectively reduced hyperactivity in LAB mice. Based on the behavioral and pharmacological profiles, LAB mice are suggested as a novel rodent model of ADHD

  17. Research progress on job stress and coping style of emergency nurses%急诊护士工作压力及应对方式的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田晓岚; 王芳

    2011-01-01

    综述了急诊护士压力感受水平、压力源类型、应对方式以及压力和应对方式对护士健康的影响,提出急诊护士有效应对压力的策略.%It reviewed level of stress perception,type of pressure source,coping styles of emergency nurses and influence of stress and coping styles on health of nurses. It put forward some strategies for nurses to cope with stress effectively.

  18. Correlation Research between Social Coping Styles of Hemodialysis Patients and their Health%血液透析患者社会应对方式与健康状况的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张兰珍; 叶白如; 张静

    2016-01-01

    Objective To discuss the effect of social support and coping styles of maintenance hemodialysis patients on their health status and provide basis for health intervention for maintenance hemodialysis patients.Methods 189 maintenance hemodialysis patients were selected with cluster sampling method. Social support scale, coping style scale and health scale were applied in the investigation.Results 42 out of 185 cases were positive. The positive detection rate was 22.70%. The health score of nine dimensions were higher than the norm in China. There were statistical differences between groups regarding somatization, force, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, terror, paranoia and psychoticism dimension (P<0.05). Health status score was negatively correlated with social support in all dimensions (P < 0.05). Health status score was negatively correlated with positive coping styles and positively correlated with negative coping styles (P < 0.05). Multiple regression showed that the influencing factors of health status scores included age, marital status, income level, payment method, social support and coping styles.Conclusion As the health status of maintenance hemodialysis patients is lower than general population, social support for these patients should be increased to improve their coping capacity and health status.

  19. 中学生焦虑、抑郁与生活事件和应对方式研究%A Study on Anxiety, Depression, Life Events, and Coping Style of Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔明; 敖翔

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study anxiety, depression, lif e events and coping styl e of the middle school students. Methods: SAS, SDS, Adoles cent Self-rating Life Events Checklist, and Coping Style Questionnaire were administered to 331 junior middle school students. Results: Prevalence rates for anx iety and depression we re 26.59% and 31.42% respectively. Significant correlations were found between l ife events and SAS scores. Negative coping style was positively correlated with scores on SAS and SDS. Conclusion: Reducing school work lo ad, reduced use of cri ticism and punishment, reduced dependant and negative coping style, and increase d harmonious relationship are important strategies for reducing anxiety and depr ession among middle school students.

  20. Physical symptoms, coping styles and quality of life in recurrent ovarian cancer: a prospective population-based study over the last year of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, M A; Bell, M L; Sommeijer, D W; Friedlander, M; Stockler, M R; Defazio, A; Webb, P M; Butow, P N

    2013-07-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the trajectory of physical symptoms, coping styles and quality of life (QoL) and the relationship between coping and QoL over the last year of life in women with recurrent ovarian cancer. The patient cohort were women recruited to the Australian Ovarian Cancer Study who subsequently experienced recurrent, invasive ovarian cancer and completed at least one psychosocial assessment (optimism, minimisation, hopelessness/helplessness, QoL) during the last year of life (n=217). QoL declined sharply from six months before death. Lack of energy was the most prevalent symptom over three measurement periods (67-92%) and also the most severe. Anorexia (36-55%), abdominal swelling (33-58%), nausea (26-47%) and pain (26-43%) all increased in prevalence and severity towards the end of life. Higher optimism (p=0.009), higher minimisation (p=0.003) and lower helplessness/hopelessness (p=0.03) at baseline were significant predictors of subsequent higher QoL. Progressive deterioration in quality of life may be an indicator of death within about six months and therefore should be an important consideration in decisions about subsequent treatment. Coping styles which independently predicted subsequent changes in QoL could potentially be targeted by interventions to minimise worsening QoL. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Role of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles, and neuroticism in online game addiction among college students: a moderated mediation model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Huanhuan

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Online game addiction (OGA is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs, and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young’s eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS, Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS, Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC, Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire (CCSQ, and Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ. Structural equation modeling (SEM was used to explore the interactive effects of stressful life events, ACSs, and neuroticism on OGA. Of the 651 participants in the sample, 31 (4.8% were identified as addicts. The incidence of OGA was two times higher for males than females. The addicts had markedly higher scores on the neuroticism subscale of the EPQ-RSC than non-addicts. Compared to non-addicts, addicts were more apt to use ACSs. Having an avoidant coping strategy mediated the effect of stressful life events on OGA. Furthermore, neuroticism moderated the indirect effect of stressful life events on OGA via ACSs. Applications of these findings to etiological research and clinical treatment programs are discussed.

  2. Role of Stressful Life Events, Avoidant Coping Styles, and Neuroticism in Online Game Addiction among College Students: A Moderated Mediation Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huanhuan; Zou, Yingmin; Wang, Jiaqi; Yang, Xuelin

    2016-01-01

    Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young’s eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to explore the interactive effects of stressful life events, ACSs, and neuroticism on OGA. Of the 651 participants in the sample, 31 (4.8%) were identified as addicts. The incidence of OGA was two times higher for males than females. The addicts had markedly higher scores on the neuroticism subscale of the EPQ-RSC than non-addicts. Compared to non-addicts, addicts were more apt to use ACSs. Having an avoidant coping strategy mediated the effect of stressful life events on OGA. Furthermore, neuroticism moderated the indirect effect of stressful life events on OGA via ACSs. Applications of these findings to etiological research and clinical treatment programs are discussed. PMID:27920734

  3. Self-esteem, coping styles, and quality of life in polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral cleft lip and palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisula, Ewa; Lukowska, Ewa; Fudalej, Piotr S

    2014-05-01

    Objectives : To evaluate self-esteem, coping styles, and health-related quality of life and their relationships in Polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate and related sex differences. Design and Participants : Self-report questionnaires measuring self-esteem (Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory), coping styles (Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations), and health-related quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) were completed by 48 participants with cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 31 males, 17 females) and 48 controls without cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 28 males, 20 females) matched for age, place of residence, and socioeconomic status. Results : Regarding self-esteem, individuals with cleft lip and palate scored higher on body functioning (P cleft lip and palate scored higher than controls, but males did not differ between groups (P cleft lip and palate scored lower than controls in personal power but higher in body functioning (P cleft lip and palate differed little in terms of psychological adjustment measures. The higher scores in defensive self-enhancement of individuals with cleft lip and palate suggest the need for instruments measuring social approval in psychosocial adjustment research involving this group.

  4. Relationship between uncertainty in illness and coping style among patients with schizophrenia%精神分裂症患者疾病不确定感与应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟汉玲; 蔡春凤

    2014-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between uncertainty in illness and coping style of patients with schizophrenia .Methods One hundred and fourteen patients who were in the rehabilitation stage were surveyed by Mishel′s uncertainty in illness scale and coping inventory for stressful situations .Results Most of the patients (92 .1% ) experienced moderate or above level of uncertainty in illness .Patients with schizophrenia seldom adopt task coping style ,and usually adopt avoiding style and emotional coping style .The uncertainty in illness had negative correlation to task coping style(r= -0 .243 ,P<0 .05)or avoiding coping style(r= -0 .263 ,P<0 .05) .There were positive correlations among emotional coping style and uncertainty in illness(r=0 .321 ,P<0 .01) . Conclusion There is a correlation between coping style and uncertainty in illness .Adopting task style and avoiding coping style might reduce the level of uncertainty in illness among patients with schizophrenia .%目的:探讨精神分裂症患者疾病不确定感和应对方式的关系。方法采用M ishel疾病不确定感与压力情景应对方式问卷对114位精神分裂症康复期患者进行问卷调查。结果92儋.1%的患者有中等水平或以上的疾病不确定感。精神分裂症患者较少采用任务应对方式,较多采用的是回避与情绪应对策略。精神分裂症患者的任务应对( r=-0.243,P<0.05)和回避应对( r=-0.263,P<0.05)与疾病不确定感呈负相关,情绪应对方式与疾病不确定感呈正相关( r=0.321,P<0.01)。结论精神分裂症患者的应对方式与其疾病不确定感具有一定的相关性,采用任务应对与回避应对方式可降低疾病不确定感水平。

  5. 护士抑郁症状与特质应对、角色认知及控制感的相关研究%Depression Symptom of Nurse and Its Relation to Trait Coping Style,Role Perceive and Personal Control

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    骆宏; 马剑虹

    2004-01-01

    Objective:To explore the depressive symptom of nurses and its relationship with trait coping style, role perceive and personal control. Methods:425 nurses in the 2nd Hangzhou general hospital completed a battery of questionnaires consisted of part items of SCL- 90,Trait Coping Style Questionnaire(TCSQ) and Role Perceive and Personal Control Scale. Results: Tilere are significant correlation among the SCL - 90 score, the coping styles, and the control feeling and role conflict. Based on depression factor,factors of negative coping style, control feeling, role conflict and positive coping style were included in stepwise regressior equation. Conclusion:Depressive symptom of nurses was related to trait coping style, role perceive and personal control.

  6. 护生归因风格与应对方式的调查研究%An investigation on the attribution style and coping style of nursing students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋欢; 苏爱华

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the attribution style and coping style of nursing students in different grades,so as to provide the basis for improving the mental health quality of nursing students. Methods:The method of stratified cluster sampling was used to study the nursing students of grade one and grade five in Taishan Medical University as the research object,and applying Attribution Style Questionnaire(ASQ),Trait Coping Style Questionnaire(TCSQ),with SPSS18. 0 for statistical analysis. Results:The number of pessi-mistic attribution style of nursing students in grade one was significantly higher than that of grade five nursing students(P<0. 01), and the number of optimistic attribution style of nursing students in grade five was significantly higher than that of grade one( P<0. 01). Grade one nursing actively respond to the number was significantly less than that of grade five nursing students(P<0. 01),neg-ative coping number significantly more than nursing students in grade five(P<0. 01),neutral response is greater than the number of grade five(P<0. 05).%目的:通过调查了解不同年级护生的归因风格和应对方式,为进一步提高护生的心理健康素质提供依据.方法:采用分层整群抽样的方法抽取泰山医学院一年级、五年级的护生作为研究对象,应用归因风格问卷( ASQ)、特质应对方式问卷( TCSQ)进行调查,用SPSS18. 0对数据进行统计分析.结果:一年级护生悲观归因风格的人数明显多于五年级护生( P<0. 01),五年级护生乐观归因风格的人数明显多于一年级护生(P<0. 01).一年级护生积极应对人数明显少于五年级护生(P<0. 01),消极应对人数明显多于五年级护生( P<0. 01),中性应对人数多于五年级护生( P<0. 05).

  7. 计算机从业人员孤独感及应对方式%The Relationship between Loneliness and Coping Style of Computer Practitioners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵建磊; 严开胜

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the correlation between loneliness and coping style of computer practitioners,so as to provide the basis for mental health.Methods:Total 208 computer and software prac-titioners finished UCLA Loneliness Scale and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire( TCSQ) test.The data were analyzed by SPSS 17.0.Results:①The occurrence rate of high sense of loneliness for men was signifi-cantly higher than that of women.The occurrence rate of low sense of loneliness for men was significantly lower than that of women.The occurrence rate of low sense of loneliness for unmarried people was higher than that of married people,The occurrence rate of low sense of loneliness for non-only child was not significantly higher than that of the only child.②Women had significantly higher scores in negative coping than men.Non-only child had higher scores in positive coping than the only child.③The correlation were negative between loneliness and positive coping(r=-0.326,P<0.01)and positive between loneli-ness and negative coping(r=0.521,P<0.01).Conclusion:There are significant differences in coping style between different sex,only child or not of computer practitioners,there is gender difference between high and low loneliness,and loneliness is related to coping style of computer practitioners.%目的:了解计算机从业人员的孤独感与应对方式的相关性,为关注其心理健康提供依据。方法:采取孤独感量表(UCLA)和特质应对方式问卷(TCSC)对208名计算机从业人员进行问卷调查,以SPSS 17.0进行统计分析。结果:①男性的高孤独感发生率显著高于女性,有统计学意义。在低孤独感上,男性显著少于女性,具有统计学意义。未婚员工高于已婚员工、非独生子女高于独生子女,但差异没有统计学意义;②女性的消极应对与男性相比分数偏高,非独生子女的积极应对高于独生子女;③孤独感与积极

  8. How integrated are behavioral and endocrine stress response traits? A repeated measures approach to testing the stress-coping style model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boulton, Kay; Couto, Elsa; Grimmer, Andrew J; Earley, Ryan L; Canario, Adelino V M; Wilson, Alastair J; Walling, Craig A

    2015-02-01

    It is widely expected that physiological and behavioral stress responses will be integrated within divergent stress-coping styles (SCS) and that these may represent opposite ends of a continuously varying reactive-proactive axis. If such a model is valid, then stress response traits should be repeatable and physiological and behavioral responses should also change in an integrated manner along a major axis of among-individual variation. While there is some evidence of association between endocrine and behavioral stress response traits, few studies incorporate repeated observations of both. To test this model, we use a multivariate, repeated measures approach in a captive-bred population of Xiphophorus birchmanni. We quantify among-individual variation in behavioral stress response to an open field trial (OFT) with simulated predator attack (SPA) and measure waterborne steroid hormone levels (cortisol, 11-ketotestosterone) before and after exposure. Under the mild stress stimulus (OFT), (multivariate) behavioral variation among individuals was consistent with a strong axis of personality (shy-bold) or coping style (reactive-proactive) variation. However, behavioral responses to a moderate stressor (SPA) were less repeatable, and robust statistical support for repeatable endocrine state over the full sampling period was limited to 11-ketotestosterone. Although post hoc analysis suggested cortisol expression was repeatable over short time periods, qualitative relationships between behavior and glucocorticoid levels were counter to our a priori expectations. Thus, while our results clearly show among-individual differences in behavioral and endocrine traits associated with stress response, the correlation structure between these is not consistent with a simple proactive-reactive axis of integrated stress-coping style. Additionally, the low repeatability of cortisol suggests caution is warranted if single observations (or indeed repeat measures over short sampling

  9. The reported pain coping strategies of pediatric burn survivors-does a correlation exist between coping style and development of anxiety disorder?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimmer, Ruth Brubaker; Alam, Now Bahar; Bay, R Curt; Sadler, Ian J; Foster, Kevin N; Caruso, Daniel M

    2015-01-01

    Unresolved pediatric pain, both acute and chronic, has been associated with negative short- and long-term physical and mental health outcomes. This study sought to determine whether an association existed between self-reported pain coping skills and anxiety levels in a cohort of pediatric burn patients, and whether gender would influence their responses. The sample comprised burn-injured children in attendance at one of three mature burn camp sites. The self-report measures utilized included the 41-item Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders Child Version and the 39-item Pain Coping Questionnaire. Parental consent was obtained. A psychologist administered the measures. Participants included 187 youth, mean age 12.4 ± 2.4 years, girls (n = 89) boys (n = 98) with 67% reporting visible burn scars. Among boys, the use of Internalizing Coping Strategies was moderately correlated with elevated scores on Panic Disorder symptoms (r = .42, P Strategies was associated with elevated Generalized Anxiety (r = .51, P Strategies did not have any elevated anxiety scores. These findings suggest that burn-injured children, who employ Internalization as their pain coping strategy, may be more vulnerable to the development of long-term anxiety disorder, which, if left untreated may result in a negative psycho/social outcome. Applicability to Practice: Assessment of in-patient pediatric patients with the Pain Coping Questionnaire may help to identify children who are more likely to experience long-term anxiety. Future studies should seek to confirm these findings and determine whether improved pain management and early treatment of anxiety can help to diminish the long-term implications of unhelpful pain strategies and increased anxiety in burn-injured children.

  10. Research on Senior High School Students' Life Events and Coping Styles%高中生生活事件以及应对方式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏

    2014-01-01

    Objective:To deeply explore the important factors af-fecting psychological health development through researching se-nior high school students' life events and coping styles. Process:To use "Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List"(ASLEC) and"Coping Style Questionnaire" (SCR) as the tools to investigate 180 senior high school students' life events and coping styles. Results:The main factors affecting senior high school stu-dents' life events are mainly learning stress, the lack of interper-sonal communication, health adaptability, etc., and in solving style, boy students' factors of "solving problems" are obviously higher than those of girl students (p<0.01), and in seeking help, there are relatively significant differences between boy students and girl students (p<0.05). Conclusion:Senior high school stu-dents have diverse kinds of life events and most of them can be correctly coped with.%目的:院通过研究高中生生活事件以及应对方式,深入探讨影响心理健康发展的重要因素。过程院使用测量工具《青少年生活事件量表》(ASLEC)和《应对方式问卷》(SCR)对180名高中生的生活事件以及应对方式进行调查。结果院影响高中生的生活事件主要是学习压力、人际交往丧失和健康适应等,在解决方式上男生的“解决问题”因子明显高于女生(p<0.01),在求助因子上男生与女生之间比较存在显著差异(p<0.05)。结论院高中生的生活事件多种多样,大部分高中生能够采用多种方式正确应对。

  11. 大学生应付方式及其与父母教养方式的关系研究%On the Coping Styles of University students and their Relationship with their Parental Rearing Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李然; 杨俊生; 郭彩琴; 秦婕

    2015-01-01

    In order to improve the level of the physical and mental health of university students, this paper discusses the status and the correlations of coping styles and parental rearing styles among university students. Research shows that the way of university students' misunderstanding is closely related to the parental rearing style,Which means the higher score the students get on parents' emo-tional warmth understanding,the more positive coping behavior they show,otherwise,the more neg-ative coping behavior. So the development of students' mental health calls on the cooperation of par-ents and schools and their cooperative education.%本文主要从大学生心理健康研究的视角,采用问卷方式,对在校大学生应付方式与父母教养方式的关系进行了系列问卷调查研究。研究表明,大学生应付方式与父母教养方式密切相关。即大学生在父母情感温暖理解得分越高,其积极应付方式行为越多;反之,其消极应付方式行为越多。因此认为,大学生心理健康水平的提升,需要学生家长和学校教育两相配合,协同教育。

  12. 彝良地震后灾区大学生应激反应和应对方式研究%A research on the relationship between stresses and coping styles in Zhaotong university students after the Yiliang earthquake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘娟; 王世敏; 钟建勋

    2013-01-01

    To investigate college students’ stresses and coping styles in Zhaotong university students after a earth-quake ,and the relationship between these ,Impact of Event Scale-Revised(IES-R) and Simplified Coping Style Question-naire(SCSQ) were used to invest 226 students .The results showed that ,some college students suffered from mental dis-comfort in the two weeks after earthquake;after the earthquake college students were more inclined to use positive coping and less negative coping ;positive coping style didn’t significantly affect stress after earthquake ,and negative coping style increased the degree of stress after earthquake .%采用考查事件冲击量表和简易应对方式问卷测量了彝良震后226名灾区大学生的应激反应与应对方式的状况及两者的关系。结果表明,地震半个月后有部分大学生存在心理不适;震后大学生更倾向用积极应对方式,而较少用消极应对方式;积极应对方式对震后应激反应没有显著影响,而消极应对方式则会加重震后应激程度。

  13. Coping style, social support and parenting style in adolescents with Internet addiction%网络成瘾青少年应对方式社会支持与父母教养方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    职晓燕; 王传升; 王长虹; 郝伟

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨网络成瘾对青少年应对方式、社会支持以及父母教养方式的影响,为网络成瘾的临床治疗和康复提供理论依据.方法 采用应对方式问卷、社会支持评定量表及父母教养方式评价量表,对88名网络成瘾青少年(观察组)和90名健康青少年(对照组)进行调查研究.结果 观察组的社会支持总分及各维度得分均低于对照组(P值均<0.01);应对方式总分及自责、幻想、退避、合理化4个因子得分均高于对照组(P值均<0.01),解决问题和求助2个因子得分均低于对照组(P值均<0.01);父母教养方式中父母情感温暖理解因子得分均低于对照组(P值均<0.01),父亲惩罚严厉和拒绝否认以及母亲过分干涉、过度保护,拒绝否认,惩罚严厉因子得分均高于对照组(P<0.05或P<0.01).结论 青少年的应对方式不良、社会支持状况差和父母教养粗放是导致网络成瘾的重要影响因素.网络成瘾的治疗除药物以外,青少年和父母的心理重建以及构建良好的多层次、多角度社会支持系统非常重要.%Objective To explore characteristics of coping styles, social support and parenting style in adolescents with Internet addiction. Methods Coping Styles Questionnaire, Social Support Rating Scale and Parenting Style Rating Scale were administered to 88 adolescents with Internet addiction ( case group) and 90 healthy adolescents ( control group). Results Total each dimensional scores of social support in adolescents with Internet addiction were significantly lower than that in control group. Total scores and 4 factor scores in self-blame, fantasy, avoidance and rationalization in case group was higher than that of control group. Problem-resolving and help-seeking factor scores in coping styles, parental sentiment warmth and apprehension factor scores were significantly lower in the Internet addiction adolescents than in the control group, while strict punishment

  14. 胃肠道肿瘤病人及主要照顾者应对方式的相关性分析%Correlation analysis of coping styles between patients with gastrointestinal tumor and primary caregivers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    修闽宁

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the correlation of coping style between patients with gastrointestinal tumor and primary caregivers.Methods:A total of 120 hospitalized patients with gastrointestinal tumor who met the inclusion criteria and 120 primary caregivers were selected as the research objects.They received questionnaire by using the general information questionnaire and the medical coping style questionnaire,and the results were statistically analyzed.Results:The facing coping style was the most coping style in patients with gastrointestinal tumor,while the yield coping style was the least one.The coping styles of the primary caregivers were consist-ent with that of the patients in general.But the positive coping level of the tumor patients was lower than that of the common people when comparing with the domestic norm.In addition,there was correlation in the coping styles between the patients and the caregivers (P <0.05 ).Conclusion:The coping style of the tumor patients was lower than the domestic norm,but the most patients could accept the fact and face it positively.The coping style of the primary caregivers affected patients’coping styles in a certain extent,which indicated that the nurs-ing staff should think highly of the important position of the primary caregivers during the treatment process of patients,so as to promote them to use the positive coping styles and have the positive reinforcement during the nursing,increase the confidence of patients and the primary caregivers to cope with the disease.%[目的]探讨胃肠道肿瘤病人应对方式与主要照顾者应对方式的相关关系。[方法]选择住院治疗的120例符合纳入条件的胃肠道肿瘤病人及120名主要照顾者为研究对象,应用一般资料调查问卷、医学应对方式问卷对病人及主要照顾者进行问卷调查,并对结果进行统计分析。[结果]病人应对方式采用面对应对方式的最多,采用屈服应对方式最少;主要照顾者

  15. Impact of different personality in senior middle school students on their coping styles before national college exam%高三学生性格特征对高考应付方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨海英; 王从杰

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨和了解高三学生不同个性特征对其应付方式的影响.方法:采用艾森克个性问卷和应付方式问卷,于高考前对350名学生进行测试.结果:考前具有精神质性格的学生,其应付方式以不成熟型和混合型显著高于成熟型(F=14.92,P均<0.01);相关分析示其与解决问题和求助2因子均呈显著负相关,而与回避因子呈显著正相关;具有外向性格学生,其应付方式以成熟型和混合型显著多于不成熟型(F=13.64,P均<0.01);相关分析提示其与应付方式问卷的解决问题和求助2因子呈显著正相关;情绪稳定性的学生多采用3种不同类型应付方式,但混合型和不成熟型显著多于成熟型(F=51.72,P均<0.01);相关分析提示其与应付方式问卷的自责,幻想和回避均呈显著正相关.结论:中学生对高考的应付方式与性格特征有关.%Objective: To explore the impact of different personality in senior middle school students on their coping styles before national college exam. Method:350 students in senior middle school were inves tigated by Eysenek personality questionaire and coping styles questionnaire before national college exam. Results: Using immature and middle coping styles in students with psychoticism personality were more signifi cantly than using mature coping styles. And psychoticism personality was negatively correlated with problems solving and helping factors,but positively with escape avoidance. Adopting mature and middle coping styles were more markedly than using immature coping styles in students with extroversive personality; And extroversive per sonality was positively correlated with problems solving and seeking scocial support. Mature, middle and immature coping styles were more often used in students with stable personality, but adopting middle and immature coping styles were more significant than using mature coping styles, and students being stable personality was positively

  16. Coping Style of Community Women with Urinary Incontinence and Its Influencing Factors%社区女性尿失禁患者应对方式及其影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静静; 王小娟; 万小娟; 吴臣; 王克芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the coping style of community women with urinary incontinence (UI) and its influencing factors, and to provide a basis for effective nursing intervention. Methods Totally 592 women with UI were surveyed with International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire Urinary Incontinence Short Form-Chinese (ICIQ-SF-Chinese), Social Impact Scale and Coping Style Questionnaire for Women Suffering UI. Results The mean score was 3.61±0.47 for therapeutic coping style, 2.08±0.68 for preventive coping style and 1.73±0.56 for palliative coping style. Multiple regressions revealed that education background, disease history, UI severity, the impact of UI on life and disease stigma were factors affecting preventive coping style, which could explain 44.0%of the variations. Age, UI severity, the impact of UI on life and social isolation were variables relating to palliative coping style, which could explain 41.5% of the variations. Means of payment, help-seeking experience, the impact of UI on life, social rejection and disease stigma were factors relating to therapeutic coping style, which could explain 22.6% of the variations. Conclusion Women with UI tend to adopt preventive and palliative coping styles instead of therapeutic coping style. Targeted interventions should be taken based on the types and influencing factors of the coping style so as to help UI women adopt positive coping style and improve the quality of life.%目的:了解社区女性尿失禁患者的应对方式及其影响因素,为制定有效的护理干预提供依据。方法采用尿失禁问卷简表中文版、修订版社会影响量表、女性尿失禁患者应对方式量表和一般调查表,对592例社区女性尿失禁患者进行调查。结果应对方式量表各维度条目均分分别为:治疗性应对(3.61±0.47)分,预防性应对(2.08±0.68)分,掩饰性应对(1.73±0.56)分。文化程度、既往病史、尿失禁严重程度、尿

  17. Analysis of Psychological States of New Nurses and Their Coping Styles%新护士心理健康状况与应付方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海燕; 杨兴华; 陈柯; 朱陶; 蒲霞春; 陈勃江

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解新护士的心理健康状况及应付方式.方法 采用心理卫生自评量表(SCL-90)和应付方式量表对2008年1月-2009年12月新上岗的64名护士进行测查.结果 新护士强迫症状、抑郁、焦虑、敌对、恐怖、偏执、精神病性因子分、总均分及阳性项目数与全国常模比较偏高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);SCL-90阳性者与阴性者应付方式比较,阳性者自责、幻想、退避、合理化因子均分均高于阴性者,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);新护士应付方式各因子均分、退避、幻想、自责因子均高于吴超等人的研究(P<0.05).结论 新护士心理健康状况低于一般人群;较其他年龄段护士更多采用不成熟应付方式;成熟应付方式有益心理健康.护理管理者应重视新护士心理健康,引导新护士多采取成熟应付方式,提高心理健康水平.%Objective To evaluate the psychological states of new nurses and their coping styles. Methods Sixty-four nurses starting work between January 2008 and October 2009 in our hospital were investigated by Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90) and Coping Style Questionnaire Results The scores of compulsion and mental disorder,average score, and the number of positive items were statistically higher than the national norm of China (P<0. 001).The scores of athymia, anxiety, hostility, and phobia factors were higher than the national norm (P<0. 01). The score of paranoid factor was also statistically higher than the national norm (P<0. 05). Based on the results of SCL-90, we found that the scores of factors of self-accusation, fantasy, back-off (P<0. 05) and the factor of rationalization (P<0. 01) in the positive group were significantly higher than those of the negative group. Compared with the result of the research made by WU Chao and his colleges, the average scores of such factors as back-off (P<0. 001), fantasy (P<0. 01) and self-accusation (P<0. 05) were statistically

  18. 大型团体心理干预模式对乳腺癌患者应对方式的影响%Effects of Large Group Psychological Intervention on Coping Style of Patients with Breast Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丕琳; 朱强; 薛翠翠; 苏娅丽; 赵梦; 王林

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the effect of large group psychological intervention mode on coping style of patients with breast can-cer. Methods 420 patients with breast cancer participated in the Rukang Salon, a large group psychological intervention, were investigated with the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and self-administrated questionnaire before and after intervention, respectively. Results The score of coping style of the patients significantly improved after the intervention (P<0.01). Conclusion It is effective in the large group psy-chological intervention on coping style of patients with breast cancer, more often in positive coping style and less in negative coping style.%目的:探讨大型团体心理干预模式对乳腺癌患者应对方式的影响。方法对参加大型团体心理干预“汝康沙龙”的乳腺癌患者420例,分别于干预前后采用简易应对方式问卷进行调查。结果与干预前比较,乳腺癌患者应对方式得分明显提高(P<0.01)。结论大型团体心理干预对乳腺癌患者的应对方式具有积极作用,干预后患者能更多运用积极应对方式,减少消极应对方式。

  19. 中小学教师的应对方式、自尊及其关系%Coping Style,Self Esteem and Their Relationship of Teachers in Primary and Middle School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕三三; 洪明

    2016-01-01

    374 participants were selected to investigate their coping style,self-esteem and their rela-tionship in Guangdong.The results shows that:1 )There is no significant difference about coping style and self-esteem in gender,school level,school location and education level.2)There is a significant differ-ence in the level of self-esteem between senior and intermediate and j unior title teachers.There is no sig-nificant difference between intermediate and j unior teachers.The higher is the title,the higher is the self-esteem level of the teachers.3)The higher is the level of self-esteem,the teachers are more inclined to a-dopt positive coping style,and the lower is the level of self-esteem,the teachers are more inclined to a-dopt negative coping style.4)There is significant positive correlation between self-esteem and positive cop-ing style ,and significant negative correlation between self-esteem and negative coping style.Self-esteem is a significant factor influencing positive coping style and negative coping style.%在广东省内调查中小学教师374人,考察他们的应对方式、自尊及其关系,结果表明:1)应对方式、自尊在性别、学校层次、学校所在地和受教育程度等方面均不存在显著差异;2)高级职称与初级职称、中级职称教师的自尊水平均存在显著差异,初级与中级教师的自尊水平不存在显著差异,职称越高的教师其自尊水平越高;3)自尊水平越高的教师越倾向于采用积极的应对方式,自尊水平越低的教师越倾向于采用消极的应对方式;4)自尊与积极应对方式显著正相关,与消极应对方式显著负相关,自尊显著正向预测积极应对方式,显著负向预测消极应对方式。

  20. 大学生就业压力和应对方式与心理健康的关系研究%Relationship among job-hunting stress, coping style and mental health of college students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟勇; 张磊; 张慧

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship among job-hunting stress,coping style and mental health of college students. Methods Four hundred and ninety undergraduate from three university were investigated by using self-prepared undergraduate job-hunting stress questionnaire, simple coping style questionnaire, center for epidemiologic studies depression scale,state-trait anxiety inventory,self-rating symptom scale,and the correlation analysis and multiple regression analysis were taken to investigate the interrelation among job-hunting stress,coping style and their mental health. Results There were correlation among job-hunting stress,coping style and mental health(P<0.05). The job-hunting stress,active coping style and inactive coping style played a role of good prediction for undergraduate's mental health (P <0.01). The coping style played a role of partly mesomeric effect between undergraduate's job-hunting stress and mental health. Conclusion The undergraduate's job-hunting stress and their coping style has prediction function to mental health.%目的 探讨大学生就业压力、应对方式与心理健康的关系.方法 运用自编的大学生就业压力问卷、简易应对方式问卷、流调中心用抑郁量表、状态-特质焦虑问卷及症状自评量表对3所大学490名大学生进行调查.采用相关分析和多元回归分析探讨大学生就业压力、应对方式与心理健康的相互关系.结果 大学生就业压力、应对方式与心理健康之间两两相关(P<0.05);就业压力、积极应对方式与消极应对方式对大学生心理健康有较好的预测作用(P<0.01);应对方式在大学生就业压力与心理健康之间有部分中介效应作用.结论 大学生就业压力及其应对方式对心理健康有预测作用.

  1. 驻疆新兵训练倦怠及应对方式与抑郁的关系%Relationship of Training Burnout and Coping Style with Depression of Recruits in Xinjiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李权超; 丁魁; 宋永斌; 赵小强; 孟新珍; 秦天

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship among recruits's training burnout,coping style and depression and verify the mediating role of coping style.Methods A total of 407 recruits were chosen by random cluster sampling and measured with the Recruits Training Bumout Self-reported Questionnaire,the center for epidemiological survey,depression scale(CES-D),and the simplified coping style questionnaire.Structural equation modeling was used to verify the mediating effect.Results ①The recruits's training burnout and active coping style showed a significant negative correlations with the depression (P<0.01) and a significant positive correlations with passive coping style(P<0.01).②Training alienation,low sense of achievement,exhaustion of body and mind,passive coping style and active coping style were the important factors of depression and acounted for 33.8 % of the total variation.③The exhaustion of body and mind and low sense of achievement affected depression through the negative coping style.The training alienation and mind and low sense of achievement indirectly affect depression through the active coping style.Conclusion Training burnout and coping style are the two important factors leading to depression.Coping style plays a partly mediating role between training burnout and depression.%目的 探讨驻疆新兵训练倦怠、应对方式与抑郁之间的关系,并检验应对方式的中介作用.方法 随机整群选取驻疆某部新兵407名,运用新兵训练倦怠自评问卷、流行病学调查中心抑郁量表(center for epidemiological survey,depression scale,CES-D)和简易应对方式问卷进行数据统计分析,使用结构方程模型验证中介作用.结果 ①抑郁与训练倦怠各维度、积极应对呈明显负相关(P<0.01),与消极应对呈明显正相关(P<0.01).②训练疏离、低成就感、身心耗竭、消极应对、积极应对是抑郁的重要影响因素,共解释总变异33.8%.③路径分析显示:身

  2. 大一新生自尊、应对方式与学校适应状况的关系研究%Research on the Relationship among Freshman Self-esteem,Coping Style and School-adaptation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巨雅婵

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨应对方式在自尊与大学生学校适应之间的作用机制。方法:采用自尊问卷(SES),简明应对方式量表(SCSQ)和中国大学生适应量表(CCSAS),对重庆高校1176名大一新生进行抽样调查。结果:自尊和积极应对方式与学校适应各维度呈显著正相关,消极应对方式与学校适应各维度呈显著负相关,积极应对方式和自尊呈显著正相关,消极应对方式和自尊呈显著负相关。自尊和应对方式对学校适应起到共同的预测作用,除消极应对方式在自尊和满意度的回归分析中不存在显著的中介作用外,其他情况下,积极应对方式和消极应对方式在自尊和满意度的回归分析中均存在部分中介效应显著。结论:应对方式在自尊和大一新生学校适应之间起部分中介作用,即大学生的自尊可以通过应对方式对大一新生的学校适应产生影响。%Objective: to discuss the action mechanism of coping style between freshman self-esteem and school-adaptation. Method:SES, SCSQ and CCSAS are used for sampling survey of the 1176 freshmen in Chongqing. Result: self-esteem and positive coping style are significantly positively related to school adaptation dimension. Negative coping style is significantly negatively related to school adaptation dimension. Positive coping style is significantly positively related to self-esteem. Negative coping style is significantly negatively related to self-esteem. Self-esteem and coping style can both predict school adaptation. Negative coping style doesn’t have significant intermediation in regression analysis of self-esteem and satisfaction. Otherwise both positive coping style and negative coping style have significant intermediation in regression analysis of self-esteem and satisfaction. Conclusion: coping style plays the partial intermediary role between self-esteem and school freshmen adaptation, that is to say the self

  3. Emotional characteristics and coping style in sudden deafness patients%突发性耳聋患者的情绪特征及应对方式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕丽; 江虹; 李文杰; 陈翠; 张红静

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨突发性耳聋患者的情绪特征与应对方式.方法 状态-特质焦虑量表(STAI)、状态-特质愤怒问卷(STAXI-2)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、应对方式问卷及自编一般资料调查表,对54例突发性耳聋患者和38例健康志愿者进行问卷调查.结果 突聋患者组抑郁(P<0.05)、状态焦虑(P<0.01)、特质焦虑(P<0.01)及内向怒(P<0.05)得分均高于健康对照组,突聋患者组应对方式中自责维度得分高于健康对照组(P<0.05).结论 突聋患者的焦虑特质、内向怒的情绪特征和自责的应对方式可能是其发病的心理情绪基础.%Objective To explore emotional characteristics and coping styles in sudden deafness. Methods 54 sudden deafness patients and 38 healthy volunteers were assessed by the Self-Rating Depression Scale ( SDS), State-trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), State-trait Anger Expression Inventory-2 (STAXI-2), Coping Style and a general information questionnaire. Results Depression ( P < 0.05 ), state anxiety ( P < 0.01 ), trait anxiety ( P < 0.01 ) and anger-in (P < 0.05) scored higher in the sudden deafness group than the healthy control group, while self-blame in the sudden deafness group scored higher than in the healthy control group ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion Trait anxiety, anger-in and self-blame coping style may be important psychological factors in sudden deafness patients.

  4. Treatment adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus correlates with different coping styles, low perception of self-influence on disease, and depressive symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kokoszka A

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Andrzej Kokoszka1,2 1II Department of Psychiatry, Medical University of Warsaw, 2Department of Psychology, SWPS University of Social Sciences and Humanities, Warsaw, Poland Background: Insulin analogs are regarded as more convenient to use than human insulin; however, they require a different administration scheme due to their unique pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties. This study aimed to assess difficulties with adherence to treatment with insulin analogs in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM, who had previously been treated with human insulin. The associations between difficulties with adherence and clinical, demographic, and psychological characteristics were also evaluated.Patients and methods: The study was conducted on 3,467 consecutively enrolled patients with T2DM (54.4% women, mean age 63.9 years (SD =9.57, who had recently undergone a physician-directed change in treatment from human insulin to insulin analogs. The questionnaires addressed difficulties with switching the therapy, coping styles, well-being, and perception of self-influence on the disease.Results: No adherence problems in switching therapy were reported in 56.6% of patients. Specific moderate difficulties were reported in 10.4%–22.1% of patients, major difficulties in 0.7%–6.9% of patients, and very significant difficulties in 0.03%–1.3% of patients. Overall, remembering to modify the insulin dose in the case of additional meals was the most frequently reported difficulty, and problems with identifying hypoglycemic symptoms were the least frequently reported. The increased risk of difficulties was moderately related to low perception of self-influence on diabetes and poor well-being. The intensity of problems was higher among those who were less-educated, lived in rural areas, had complications, and/or reported maladaptive coping styles.Conclusion: Switching from human insulin to an insulin analog did not cause adherence problems in more than

  5. Related Research Between Coping Styles and Anxiety In Han and Minority Medial College Students%医科大学生应对方式与焦虑的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘欣; 康杰; 李胜豪

    2011-01-01

    Object:To understand the relationship between coping styles and anxiety among undergraduates of a medical university. Methods: We selected 800 students of the medical university as the subjects. Data were collected by using the Coping styles questionnaire, using the Self - Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS). Result; Coping styles have significant differences in anxiety levels. Positive coping styles and anxiety is a significant negative correlation, negative coping styles and anxiety is a significant positive correlation. Conclusion; The educational orientation function of colleges should be given full play to overally optimize the psycological diathesis of medical students, so as to build favorable psycological states and positive coping capacity among medical students.%目的 了解医科大学生应对方式与焦虑的关系.方法 对某重点大学医学专业800名大学生进行简易应对方式问卷和自评焦虑量表的测试.结果 应对方式在焦虑水平上有显著性差异;积极应对方式与焦虑呈显著负相关,消极应对方式与焦虑呈显著正相关.结论 应该充分发挥学校的教育引导作用,全面优化医科大学生的心理素质,使其保持良好的心理状态,积极的应对压力.

  6. Attachment Style, Social Support, and Coping as Psychosocial Correlates of Happiness in Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Lisa; Catalano, Denise; Sung, Connie; Phillips, Brian; Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Chan, Fong

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of attachment, social support, and coping as psychosocial correlates in predicting happiness in people with spinal cord injuries. Design: Quantitative descriptive research design using multiple regression and correlation techniques. Participants: 274 individuals with spinal cord injuries. Outcome Measures: Happiness…

  7. Factors Associated with Functioning Style and Coping Strategies of Families with a Child with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higgins, Daryl J.; Bailey, Susan R.; Pearce, Julian C.

    2005-01-01

    A survey of parents/caregivers of a child with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) was conducted to examine the relationship between ASD characteristics, family functioning and coping strategies. Having a child with ASD places considerable stress on the family. Primary caregivers of a child with ASD from a regional and rural area in Victoria,…

  8. Attachment Style, Social Support, and Coping as Psychosocial Correlates of Happiness in Persons with Spinal Cord Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, Lisa; Catalano, Denise; Sung, Connie; Phillips, Brian; Chou, Chih-Chin; Chan, Jacob Yui Chung; Chan, Fong

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To examine the roles of attachment, social support, and coping as psychosocial correlates in predicting happiness in people with spinal cord injuries. Design: Quantitative descriptive research design using multiple regression and correlation techniques. Participants: 274 individuals with spinal cord injuries. Outcome Measures: Happiness…

  9. Interpretation of illness in cancer survivors is associated with health-related variables and adaptive coping styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fischer Julia

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A patient's interpretation of illness may have an influence on the choice of coping strategies and decision making. We intended to analyze the meaning German cancer survivors would attribute to their disease, and investigated intercorrelations between the respective interpretations, health-related variables and adaptive coping strategies. Methods In an anonymous cross-sectional survey, we analyzed the interpretations of disease (according to Lipowski's eight 'meaning of illness' categories in 387 patients with cancer (81% breast cancer. To make statements about their conceptual relationships with health-related variables, we correlated the 8 items of the 'Interpretation of Illness' questionnaire (IIQ with health-related quality of life, anxiety/depression, fatigue, life satisfaction, and adaptive coping strategies. Results Most cancer survivors regarded their disease as a challenge (52%, others as value (38% or even an interruption of life (irreparable loss; 35%; weakness/failure (5% and punishment (3% were rated the lowest. The fatalistic negative interpretations 'interruption/loss' and 'enemy/threat' were inversely correlated with mental health-related quality of life and life satisfaction, and positively with an escape-avoidance strategy, depression and anxiety. In contrast, positive disease interpretations (i.e., 'challenge' and 'value' correlated only with adaptive coping strategies. Physical health correlated with none of the disease interpretations. Conclusion Despite conceptual limitations, the 8-item schema could be regarded as a useful screening approach to identify patients at risk for reduced psychosocial functioning.

  10. 特质应对与展现规则对情绪劳动的影响%Effects of Trait Coping Styles and Emotional Display Rules on Emotional Labor Strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林川; 黄敏儿

    2011-01-01

    采用2×3组间设计,检测特质应对(积极与消极)与展现规则(积极、消极、无规则)对情绪劳动的影响.结果表明,积极应对引起更多深层动作;积极规则下出现较少表层扮演(与消极应对比).积极和消极规则都引起较多深层和表层动作.积极应对在积极规则下表层扮演较少(与消极规则比);消极应对在积极规则下表层扮演较多(与消极规则比).研究提示,特质情绪性可能是调节展现规则与情绪劳动关系的重要因为.%Emotional labor is likely to occur when one's feeling differed from situational demands in service working setting. Two basic emotional labor strategies (e.g., surface acting and deep acting)have been intensely investigated and demonstrated on diverse implications for personnel mental health. Deep acting would activate more cognitive and emotional energy than surface acting so as to have a contribution on better self-authentic feeling and less emotional exhausted. However, literatures demonstrate that emotional display rules have different effects on emotional labor straregies but conclusions are inconsistent. The present study aimed to explore how Trait Coping Styles which reflect the coping aspects of personality in responding to stressful situations interact wiih Emotional Display Rules from professional & organizational demands and then affect strategies of emotional labor in some degree. The study was conducted by a 2×3 design experiment. The subjects were selected by Trait Coping Styles Scale (Jiang. 1999) and grouped as Trait Positive Coping Style (n=54) and Trait Negative Coping Style (n=51). Each group was further randomly divided into 3 subgroups, namely positive display rule, negative display rule and control condition (no display rule). Emotional display rules were manipulated by instructions before an emotional work task (a public speech). The experiment arranged a memory task to elicit tense mood before the experiment to facilitate

  11. 青年乙肝患者应对方式与心理防御方式相关的研究%The correlated study of coping style and psychological defense style of youth Hepatitis B patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文娜; 陈纯柳; 彭碧文; 陈肖平

    2010-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation of coping style ( MCMQ) and psychological defense style ( DSQ) of youth Hepatitis 8 class (HBV) patients, and to provide the theoretical basis for clinical psychological nursing. Methods Using MCMQ and DSQ questionnaire, 76 cases of young HBV patients were investiged. Results MCMQ mean;In the face (3.13 ±0. 65) , evasive (2. 66 ±0.50) , yielding (2.46 ±0.57) ;after response to defense mechanisms, the mean;immature - type (5.58 ±1.38) , mature (4. 78 ±2. 03) , intermediate type (4.40 ±1. 34) , cover type (6.56 ±1.24) . Conclusions Defense and respond are all belong to the coping styles to meet internal and external environmental requirements, which attribute self - psychological adjustment and good defense styles. And it is benefit to individual well-being, alleviate the negative emotional and psycho - social stress caused by adverse effects, and promote patients'rehabilita-tion and improve mental health and the quality of life and prevent disease recurrence.%目的 了解青年乙型肝类(乙肝)患者医学应对方式(MCMQ)与心理防御方式(DSQ)的相关性,提供临床心理护理理论依据.方法 采用MCMQ及DSQ问卷,对76例青年乙肝患者调查、分析.结果 MCMQ均值:面对3.13±0.65,回避2.66±0.50,屈服2.46±0.57;防御机制应对后均值:不成熟型5.58±1.38,成熟型4.78±2.03、中间型4.40±1.34,掩饰型6.56±1.24.结论 心理防御和应对都属于人们为满足内外环境需求,属自我心理调节,良好的防御和应对方式,有利于个体的身心健康,缓解不良情绪和心理社会应激造成的不良影响,促进患者康复和改善心理健康水平,提高生活质量,防止疾病复发.

  12. 大学生应对方式和主观幸福感的关系%On the Relationship between College Students' Coping Style and Their Subjective Well-being

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡智惠

    2012-01-01

    主观幸福感是个体依据自定的标准对其生活质量的整体性评价.应对方式与主观幸福感的相关性研究结果显示较为显著,良好的应对方式与较高的主观幸福感呈现正相关,而不良的行为应对方式则对主观幸福感有着消极影响作用.由此可见,培养积极成熟的行为应对方式有助于主观幸福感的提高.%Coping style is defined as cognitive and behavioral means, methods and strategies for reducing stress. The subjective well-being(SWB) is that the individual makes a general evaluation on the quality of his own life according to his own criteria. Good coping styles and higher subjective well-being present positive correlation, while bad coping style and subjective well-being prove to be negative correlation, which shows positive and mature coping style helps improve subjective well-being.

  13. 少数民族中职生学业韧性与应对方式的关系研究%On the relationship between the secondary vocational student's academic resilience and coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金雪

    2016-01-01

    In order to observe the relation between the secondary vocational student's academic resilience and coping style, this study adopt the questionnaire survey 450 secondary vocational students from five regional in Guizhou province. Results show that:(1) The secondary vocational student's coping style and academic resilience were significant differences in gender and Enfant unique;(2) The secondary vocational student's coping style and academic resilience in general and each dimension has significant positive correlation;(3) The score of academic resilience can effectively predict coping style.%为考察少数中职生学业韧性与应对方式的关系,研究采用问卷测量450名贵州省5个地区的少数中职生。结果表明:(1)少数民族中职生学业韧性和应对方式在性别和是否独生子女上存在显著差异。(2)少数民族中职生学业韧性和应对方式在总体及各个维度呈显著正相关;(3)学业韧性的得分能够有效的预测应对方式。

  14. ANIMAL BEHAVIOR AND WELL-BEING SYMPOSIUM: Interaction between coping style/personality, stress, and welfare: Relevance for domestic farm animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koolhaas, J M; Van Reenen, C G

    2016-06-01

    This paper will argue that understanding animal welfare and the individual vulnerability to stress-related disease requires a fundamental understanding of functional individual variation as it occurs in nature as well as the underlying neurobiology and neuroendocrinology. Ecological studies in feral populations of mice, fish, and birds start to recognize the functional significance of phenotypes that individually differ in their behavioral and neuroendocrine response to environmental challenge. Recent studies indicate that the individual variation within a species may buffer the species for strong fluctuations in the natural habitat. Similarly, evolutionary ancient behavioral trait characteristics have now been identified in a range of domestic farm animals including cattle, pigs, and horses. Individual variation in behavior can be summarized in a 3-dimensional model with coping style, emotionality, and sociality as independent dimensions. These dimensions can be considered trait characteristics that are stable over time and across situations within the individual. This conceptual model has several consequences. First, the coping style dimension is strongly associated with differential stress vulnerability. Social stress studies show that proactive individuals are resilient under stable environmental conditions but vulnerable when outcome expectancies are violated. Reactive individuals are, in fact, rather flexible and seem to adapt more easily to a changing environment. A second consequence relates to genetics and breeding. Genetic selection for one trait usually implies selection for other traits as well. It is discussed that a more balanced breeding program that takes into account biologically functional temperamental traits will lead to more robust domestic farm animals. Finally, the relationship between temperamental traits, animal production, fitness, and welfare is discussed.

  15. 本科护生评判性思维能力与应对方式的相关性研究%Correlative Study on Critical Thinking Disposition and Coping Style of Undergraduate Nursing Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄琳; 李青; 胡忠华

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the current situation and analyze the correlation between critical thinking disposition and coping style in undergraduate nursing student .Methods A survey is conducted with questionnaires including CTDI-CV and SCSQ to explore the current situation of critical thinking disposition and coping style of 252 undergraduate nursing students ,in conjunction with an analysis of correlation between critical thinking disposition and coping style .Results The total score of critical thinking disposition is 275 .72 ± 28 .44 ,positive coping style score is 2 .00 ± 0 .50 ,negative coping style score is 1 .35 ± 0 .47 .Critical thinking disposition has a correlation with coping style ,which is of statistical significance(P<0 .05 ,P<0 .01) .Conclusion Coping style of graduate nursing student has a positive effect on the development of critical thinking disposition .Further improvement of undergraduate nursing students'critical thinking disposition is necessary .%目的调查本科护生评判性思维与应对方式的现况,并分析两者之间的关系。方法采用评判性思维量表中文版(CTDI-CV)与简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ),对252名本科护生进行横断面研究。结果本科护生的评判性思维能力总分为(275.72±28.44),积极应对得分为(2.00±0.50),消极应对得分为(1.35±0.47);应对方式得分与评判性思维能力得分存在相关性,有显著性差异(P<0.05,P<0.01)。结论护生应对方式对评判性思维能力的发展具有一定正向影响,本科护生的评判性思维能力有待进一步提高。

  16. Comparison of social support, coping style and life satisfaction between higher vocational and undergraduate college students%高职与本科学生社会支持应对方式生活满意度比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红; 孟秀红

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高职与本科院校学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度的差异,为探讨学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度之间的关系提供参考依据.方法 使用领悟社会支持量表、特质应对方式问卷和多维学生生活满意度量表,对随机抽取的阜阳市高职、“2+3”五年制高职和本科院校各500名学生进行问卷调查.结果 高职学生和本科学生的社会支持和积极应对得分高于“2+3”五年制高职学生,本科学生的消极应对方式得分高于高职和“2+3”五年制高职学生,高职学生的生活满意度得分高于“2+3”五年制高职和本科学生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).社会支持和积极应对方式与生活满意度存在显著正相关;消极应对方式与生活满意度呈负相关;积极应对方式与社会支持呈正相关,而消极应对方式与社会支持呈负相关.结论 高职与本科院校学生生活满意度存在差异,良好的社会支持和积极的应对方式有助于提升学生的生活满意度.%Objective To investigate whether differences exist in social support, coping style and life satisfaction among the students in different colleges, and to explore the relationships between social support, coping style and life satisfaction. Methods Five hundred students of each college ( Higher vocational, Five-year Higher vocational and undergraduate college) were randomly obtained by means of Perceived Social Support Scale ( PSSS) , Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) and Multidimensional Student' Life Satisfaction scale ( MSLSS). Results The social support and positive coping style of higher vocational and undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of five-year higher vocational college students. The negative coping style of undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of higher vocational and five-year higher vocational college students. The life

  17. Rural migrant workers' coping style,traditional personality and poverty attribution style%农民工的应对方式、传统人格与贫困归因风格

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴胜涛; 祝卓宏; 张建新

    2009-01-01

    Objective To explore the relative model for psychological resources and poverty attributions of migrant workers in adversities in the aim of understanding poverty problems in China Mainland and find out the factors for tolerance in systematic unjustness.Methods China Mainland Poverty Attribution Questionnaire (CMPAQ) ,Simple Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ),Resilience Scale (CD-RISC),Locus of Control subscale (I_E) and Thrift subscale (T_E) of CPAI-2 were used upon 398 rural migrant workers,in which 301 were valid.Results ①Deseription statistic: compared with national model,migrant workers score higher in positive coping style subsonic(1.92±0.45),and lower in negative coping style subscale (1.46±0.66),lower in CD-RISC (60.98±14.26) ,higher in I_E subscale (5.53±2.17) and lower in T_E subscale 7.48 + 1.77) ; Scores on the subscales of CMPAQ were separately overburden-fate (3.25±0.90),institution-unjustness (3.45±1.03),personal-competence(3.72±0.78),personal-quality (3.03±1.04),and geographical-environment (3.07±0.97).②Regress analysis:positive coping style can clearly positively predict personal-competence and personalquality attribution,while negative coping style can clearly positively predict all other factors.Resilience(CD-RISC)can clearly positively predict personal-competence attribution.The standard regression coefficient (β) of inner locus of control (I_E) to overburden-fate was negatively significant,while that of thrift (T_E) to all the poverty attribution factors was not significant.All variables other than negative coping style couldn' t clearly predict institution-unjustness attribution.Conclusion The study discovered some positive psychological resources in rural migrant workers.These resources help them attribute poverty to personal competence but stand in tolerance for institutional unjustness.%目的 探讨农民工的应对方式、传统人格与贫困归因的关联模型,以更好地理解中国大陆的贫困问题,挖掘出容

  18. Relationships between job burnout and scene-trait coping style in Chinese military personnel%军人职业倦怠与情境特质应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙欣羊; 苏宗荣; 张理义; 徐长军; 陈春霞; 姚高峰

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore relationships between job burnout and scene-trait coping style in an effort to provide solid evidence for improvement of job burnout in Chinese military personnel.Methods A total of 508 military personnel from Nan Jing military area command were chosen by random cluster sampling,and were tested by Chinese Military Personnel Job Burnout Scale and Chinese Military Personnel Scene-trait Coping Style Scale.A variety of Statistic methods such as descriptive statistic analysis,t-test for independent sample,correlation analysis and multiple linear regression analysis were employed for data processing.Results Married servicemen had significantly lower score in sense of achievement,but higher score in somatization(P < 0.05).Unmarried servicemen had significantly higher score than married ones in total active coping style,personal development active coping style,interpersonal relationship active coping style and health-related and economic coping style.Servicemen with college-below education had significantly lower scores in emotional negative coping style but higher scores in personal development active coping style than servicemen with college-above education.Negative and active coping style were both significantly positively related to job burnout(P < 0.01).Multiple regression analysis suggested negative coping,personal development active coping style,personal development negative coping style,negative coping of affection,interpersonal relationship active coping style and health-related and economic coping style are selected into the regressive function of military personnel'job burnout (P < 0.05 or 0.01).Conclusion Several factors of Chinese military personnel scenetrait coping style are predictors for job burnout.%目的 探讨官兵职业倦怠和情境特质应对方式状况及两者之间的关系,为减轻官兵职业倦怠提供参考依据.方法 使用军人职业倦怠量表和军人情境特质应对方

  19. The Relationship between Coping-style and Self-acceptance among 239 Female Addicts%239例女性戒毒人员应对方式与自我接纳的相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹婧; 王凤兰; 闫晓丽; 姜峰

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To explore the relationship between coping-style and self-acceptance among female addicts. Methods 239 female addicts were randomly selected and tested with the self-acceptance questionnaire (SAQ)and the cop-ing-style questionnaire (TCSQ).Results The positive coping-style (35.24 ±7.02)and negative coping-style (32.56 ± 7.12)were significantly higher than the norm (30.26 ±8.74,21.25 ± 7.41).The level of self-acceptance (18.94 ± 4.13)and total score of self-acceptance (39.66±6.09)were significantly lower than the norm (21.76±4.43,42.06 ±6.63 ).The level of self-acceptance was negatively correlated with the negative coping-style (r =-0.346,P <0.01),and the level of self-evaluation was positively correlated with positive coping-style (r =0.203,P <0.01 ). Positive coping-style (r=0.241,P <0.01)and negative coping-style (r=-0.261,P <0.01)had a significantly positive corre-lation and a significantly negative correlation with the total score of self-acceptance respectively.Coping-style could be predicted by self-acceptance to some extent.Conclusions There is a certain psychological problem in female addicts,and they are more likely to use negative coping-style and have lower self-acceptance.%目的:了解女性吸毒者自我接纳与应对方式的特点及其之间的关系。方法运用特质应对方式问卷(TCSQ)和自我接纳问卷(SAQ)对山西省某强制戒毒所女性吸毒人员调查分析。结果女性戒毒人员的积极应对方式(t=10.972,P <0.01)和消极应对方式(t=24.562,P <0.01)得分高于常模;自我接纳因子(t =-10.576,P <0.01)与自我接纳总分(t=-6.091,P <0.01)得分低于常模;自我接纳因子与消极应对方式呈显著负相关(r=-0.346,P <0.01);自我评价因子与积极应对方式呈显著正相关(r =0.203,P <0.01);自我接纳总分与消极应对显著负相关(r=-0.261,P <0.01),与积极应对呈正相关(r=0.241,P <0.01)。自我接纳对应对方式有一定的预测作用(P <0.01)。

  20. Correlation between Self - esteem and Coping Styles of Enterprise Employees%企业员工自尊水平与应对方式的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岗; 常向东

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To understand the correlation between self - esteem and coping styles of enterprise employees so as to provide an empirical basis for their mental health .Methods :Total 318 enterprise employees from Taiwan funded enterprise were sampled stratified randomly and finished the self - esteem Scale(SES)and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire test(SCSQ) .The data were analysised by SPSS17 .0 .Results :① The higher the level of educated for enterprise employees ,the higher the level of the self - esteem (t = 13 .890 ,P < 0 .001) .The self - esteem level of enterprise employees from city was higher than that of them from countryside (t = 3 .982 ,P < 0 .001) .The self - es‐teem level of married enterprise employees was higher than that of unmarried (t = ‐3 .922 ,P < 0 .001) .The self - es‐teem level of cadres was higher than that of workers (t = ‐6 .059 ,P < 0 .001) .The self - esteem level was lowest for enterprise employees whose length of service was less than or equal two years and highest for those whose length of service was greater than or equal twenty - one years(t = 6 .817 ,P < 0 .001) .The self - esteem level of enterprise em‐ployees of the native household register was higher than that of those of outside household register (t = 2 .057 ,P <0 .05) .② The positive coping scores were highest for the higher self - esteem group of enterprise employees and the negative coping scores were highest for the lower self - esteem group of enterprise employees (F = 37 .187 ,5 .766 ;P< 0 .01) .③ The Pearson correlation was positive between the self - esteem level of enterprise employees and positive coping(r = 0 .449 ,P < 0 .01)and negative between the self - esteem level and negative coping (r = ‐0 .186 ,P < 0 .01) .④Multiple regression analysis showed that the region ,job post ,positive coping styles had a significant impact on the self - esteem level of enterprise employees .Conclusion :The higher the level of the self - esteem level of

  1. 初中生生活事件对抑郁的影响:应对方式的中介效应%Mediating Effect of Coping Style between Junior Middle School Students’ Life Event and Depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Abstrct: Objective To explore the relationship among life event,depression and coping style of junior middle school students. Methods 1728 junior middle school students in Shandong were tested by means of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D),Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Check-list(ASLEC) and Coping Style Scale for Middle School Students(CSSMSS). Results There was a significant correlation between depression and life event(r=0.475,p<0.001),depression and coping style pointing to problem(r=-0.269,p<0.001),depression and coping style pointing to emotion(r=0.472,p<0.001),life event and coping style pointing to problem(r=-0.120,p<0.001), life event and coping style pointing to emotion(r=0.375,p<0.001). Life event and coping style were effective predictivevariables of junior high school students’ depression(P<0.001).Coping style had partial mediating effect on junior high school students’ life event and depression. Conclusion We should pay attention to the effect of life event and coping style on junior high school students’ depression.%目的:了解初中生生活事件、抑郁与应对方式的关系,并探讨应对方式在生活事件和抑郁关系间的中介效应。方法采用流调中心抑郁自评量表(CES-D)、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)和中学生应对方式量表(CSSMSS)对山东省1728名初中生进行问卷调查。结果抑郁与生活事件呈显著正相关(r=0.475,p<0.001),与指向问题的应对呈显著负相关(r=-0.269,p<0.001),与指向情绪的应对呈显著正相关(r=0.472,p<0.001);生活事件与指向问题的应对呈显著负相关(r=-0.120,p<0.001),与指向情绪的应对呈显著正相关(r=0.375,p<0.001)。生活事件和应对方式皆对初中生抑郁有显著的预测作用(p<0.001),应对方式在初中生生活事件和抑郁间起部分中介效应。结论重视生活事件、应对方式对初中生抑郁的影响,促使初中生心理健康发展。

  2. The impact of personality and coping style on postpartum depression%产妇人格与应对方式对产后抑郁情绪的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋玉萍; 孙宏伟; 宋瑞荣; 吴永浩; 齐峰

    2010-01-01

    目的 研究产妇人格与应对方式对产后抑郁情绪的影响.方法 对273名产妇用大五人格量表简版、特质应对方式问卷和爱丁堡产后抑郁量表进行调查,对收集到的数据运用SPSS11.5进行t检验、相关分析和多元逐步回归分析.结果 产后抑郁情绪的发病率为23.1%;产后抑郁情绪组和正常组产妇在人格各维度和应对方式上均差异有显著性(P<0.01);产妇人格的各个维度都与消极应对方式和积极应对方式呈显著相关(r=-0.409~0.824);产妇的抑郁情绪与人格的神经质、外倾性、宜人性、消极应对和积极应对呈显著相关(r=0.260,-0.445,-0.234,0.375,-0.431).人格的外倾性、积极应对、人格的宜人性和消极应对进入抑郁的回归方程,它们能解释产后抑郁情绪发生的32.9%.结论 人格的外倾性、宜人性、积极应对方式和消极应对方式是影响产后抑郁情绪形成的关键因素.%Objective To study the impact of personality and coping style on postpartum depression.Methods 273 cases of postpartum women were estimated by Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale ( EPDS),NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ). With the SPSS11.5,t-test,correlation analysis and regression analysis were carried out for the collected data. Results 23. 1% of postpartum women suffered from depression. There were significant differences in personality traits and coping styles between postpartum depression group and normal group(P< 0. 01 ). There was a significant correlation in depression of postpartum and neuroticism, extraversion ( r = - 0. 409 ~ 0. 824 ), agreeableness of personality traits, coping styles.The personality traits was related to coping styles ( r = 0.260, - 0.445, - 0. 234,0. 375 , - 0.431 ). The extraversion, agreeableness of personality traits, negative coping style and positive coping style entered the regression equation of depression and can explain the 32

  3. 深圳某企业外来工的孤独感和应对方式的研究%Study on loneliness and coping style among migrant workers in a Shenzhen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨青; 袁莉华

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解外来工孤独感现状和应对方式的关系,为提高外来工的生活质量提供依据.方法 采用UCLA孤独量表和应对方式量表对深圳204名外来工进行调查研究,用SPSS 16.0对数据进行统计.结果 孤独感与解决问题、求助呈显著负相关(P<0.05);孤独感与幻想、退避、合理化呈显著正相关(P<0.05).高孤独感外来工大多采用消极的应对方式,低孤独感外来工大多采用积极的应对方式.不同年龄的人应对方式的解决问题和合理化差异显著(F=5.142,P=0.001;F=7.429,P=0.000).Logistic回归分析结果表明,应对方式(求助、自责、退避)对孤独感构成显著回归效应,有预测作用.结论 孤独感和个体的应对方式有关,消极的应对方式体验的孤独感更强烈.个体的应对方式能够预测个体孤独感的体验.%Objective To explore the relationship of loneliness and coping styles among migrant workers,and provide the basis for improving life quality of migrant workers.Methods UCLA loneliness scale and coping style scale were used and 204 migrant workers in Shenzhen were investigated.SPSS 16.0 was used for data analysis.Results The loneliness was significantly negative correlated with problem-solving,help-seeking (P < 0.05),and was positive correlated with fantasy,back-off,rationalization (P < 0.05).High loneliness migrant workers used passive coping style,low loneliness migrant workers used active coping style.There was significance difference among different ages with problem coping styles and rationalization (F =5.142,P =0.001 ; F =7.429,P =0.000).Logistic regression analysis results showed that coping style (help,self-blame,back-off) were associated influencing factors with loneliness.Condusion Loneliness was related with individual coping style,and the persons who had negative coping style experience felt more loneliness.Individual coping style could predict individual loneliness feeling.

  4. Research on Relationship between Physical Exercise and College Students' Coping Styles%体育锻炼与大学生应对方式的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡先锋; 赵安; 马爱民; 何勇

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to investigate the relationship between physical exercise and college students' coping styles,and improve students' psychological coping ability with stress.Research methods: through experiment and questionnaire survey methods,it focuses on participants in physical exercise of students for 12 weeks exercise intervention experiment.The results show that: physical exercise frequency,duration,exercise project,exercise intensity,or the variable interactions have positive significance on college students' coping styles.It can conclude that physical exercise can improve the students' choice of more active coping styles.%为了探讨体育锻炼与大学生应对方式的关系,提高大学生应对心理应激的能力。通过教学实验和问卷调查等方法,对参加体育锻炼的大学生进行12周体育锻炼干预实验。研究结果:无论是体育锻炼的频率、持续时间、锻炼项目、锻炼强度,还是这些变量的交互作用均对大学生应对方式的改善具有积极意义。体育锻炼可以促进大学生选择更积极的应对方式。

  5. 强制戒毒模式下戒毒者应对方式与心理因素的相关性分析%CORRELATION ANALYSIS ON COPING STYLES AND PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS OF DRUG ADDICTS UNDER COMPULSORY TREATMENT

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张婷; 杨玉祥; 刘新民; 韦克诚; 金明琦; 李桦; 徐东彪; 滕永升; 周黎红; 刘涛

    2013-01-01

    To analyze the correlation between the coping styles and their psychological factors under compulsory treatment of drug addicts, to provide information for lower relapse of drug addicts, to maintain their psychological health, and to improve their adaptability to society. Methods-. A survey of the trait coping styles of drug addicts and their psychological factors was conducted using a Self -Made General Questionnaire, Symptom Checklist 90 ( SCL - 90 ) , Trait Coping Style Questionnaire ( TCSQ) , Eysenck Personality Questionnaire ( EPQ) and the Social Support Rating Scale ( SSRS) . The trait coping styles among drug addicts and control group were compared and the correlation between the coping styles of drug addicts and their psychological factors was analyzed. Results-. ( 1) The coping styles of drug addicts were insignificantly different between the different marriage status and were gender. Male drug addicts had higher scores than the female on both positive and negative coping styles. There were differences among drug addicts with different education background in both positive and negative coping styles. ( 2) There were negative correlations between scores on positive coping style and scores of SCL -90 ( except interpersonal sensitivity factor) . There were positive correlations between scores on negative coping style and scores of SCL - 90 ( except interpersonal sensitivity factor) . ( 3) There were negative correlations between scores on positive coping style and E factor score, and positive correlations between negative coping style and N factor score. ( 4 ) Positive coping styles of drug addicts had positive correlations with scores of object support, subject supportive and the application of support. Conclusions: Coping styles are closely related to various psychological factors, and are important to the psychological health of drug addicts and their adaptability to society.%目的:了解强制戒毒模式下戒毒者的应对方式及与心理各因素

  6. A comparison of stress levels, coping styles and psychological morbidity between graduate-entry and traditional undergraduate medical students during the first 2 years at a UK medical school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zvauya, R; Oyebode, F; Day, E J; Thomas, C P; Jones, L A

    2017-02-13

    Stress levels and psychological morbidity are high among undergraduate medical students (UGs), but there is a lack of research into the psychological health of UK graduate-entry medical students (GEs). GEs are likely to experience different (perhaps more severe) stressors and to cope with stress differently. We compared stress levels, psychological morbidity and coping styles in GE versus UG medical students studying at the same UK medical school in the same academic year. A cross-sectional self-rated questionnaire study of all first- and second-year GE and UG medical students was conducted. Perceived stress, psychological morbidity, recent adverse life events, stress-related personality traits and coping styles were assessed using standard questionnaires. 75% GEs and 46% UGs responded to the questionnaire. Both groups reported equally high levels, and similar profiles of, perceived stress and psychological morbidity. Levels of recent adverse life events and stress-related personality traits were similar in both groups. Compared to UGs, GEs were more likely to use active coping (p = 0.02) and positive reframing (p = 0.03), but were also more likely to use substances (alcohol and other drugs; p stress (p = 0.007) and psychological morbidity (p = 0.006) than first-year GEs although levels of both were still high. Our results show that both GE students and their younger UG counterparts on a traditional medical course have similar profiles of stress symptoms. They do, however, cope with stress differently. GEs are more likely to use active problem-focused coping strategies, and they are also more likely to cope by using substances (alcohol or other drugs). GE students need interventions to prevent maladaptive coping styles and encourage adaptive coping that are tailored to their needs. Such interventions should be targeted at first-year students. It is vital that these students develop positive coping skills to benefit them during training and in a future

  7. 焦虑水平与应付方式关系的初步研究%Research on the relationship between the level of anxiety and style of coping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭梅英; 阎克乐; 梁会霞; 魏铁军

    2001-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between anxiety level and style of coping.Method The General Anxiety Test and Coping Style Inventory was used to study 116 junior middle school students. Results There was high negative correlation between anxiety level and coping style for problem-solving . There was high positive correlation between anxiety level and self-accusation, fancying , withdrawal, rationalization. There was zero correlation between anxiety level and help-seeking. Conclusion   If coping style is different , anxiety level different .To reduce anxiety ,to use effective coping technique.%目的 探求学生焦虑水平与应付方式的关系。方法 用一般焦虑问卷(GAT)和应对方式问卷测查某中学初二学生共116名。结果 解决问题的应付方式和焦虑总水平及对人不安、身体征候、恐惧倾向三个焦虑分量表呈显著负相关;自责、幻想、退避和合理化的应付方式与焦虑水平之间存在显著正相关;而求助和焦虑总水平及各个焦虑分量表之间不相关或相关很小。结论 焦虑水平与应付方式之间关系密切,应付方式不同,焦虑水平就可能不同,为了降低焦虑水平,应掌握有效的应付方式。

  8. Analyse of the Medical Students, Coping Style Among anger - out Group and Anger - in Group%医学生愤怒、郁怒情绪与特质应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张锡凤; 陶海燕; 乔明琦; 张惠云

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To supply the theory support of the psychological mechanism of anger in TCM, we carryed out the research about coping style of people which were anger - in or anger - out. Methods: The students were differentiated by STAXI - 2,and were assessed by Trait Coping Style Questionnaire(TCSQ). The data was analysed by SPSS 13.0. Results: There were significant difference on negative coping style among anger - out group and normal group ( P < 0. 001 ), and as well as both negative coping stycle and positive coping style among anger - in group and normal group, and anger - in group and anger - out group ( P <0.001 ). Conclusion :The anger - in group has more tendency than anger - out group in the negative coping stycle ,and we also researched the correlations about disease of anger on the side of coping style.%目的:分析愤怒、郁怒人群特质应对方式的相关性研究,为探讨怒产生及诱发情志病证的心理机制提供理论支持.方法:以状态一特质怒表达量表(STAXI-2)作为筛选工具,区分出愤怒、郁怒人群,使用特质应对方式问卷(TCSQ)对学生人群进行调查分析,采用SPSS 13.0对数据进行统计分析.结果:愤怒组与正常组在消极应对方面存在显著性差异(P<0.001),郁怒组与愤怒组、正常组在消极应对、积极应对方面均存在显著性差异(P<0.001).结论:愤怒、郁怒人群均倾向于采取消极应对方式处理问题,且郁怒人群的倾向性更大,进一步揭示了怒致病与应对方式的相关性,为中医情志病因学研究增添新的手段和方法.

  9. 不孕症妇女抑郁与其应对方式、生存质量的相关性研究%Study on correlation between depression and coping style,quality of life of infertlity women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程丽; 朱姝娟; 秦楠; 晏春丽; 王云; 雷俊

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To probe into the correlation between depression state and coping styles,quality of life of infertility women. Methods:A total of 120 infertility women were investigated by using beck depression inventory (BDI) , simplified coping style questionnaire (SCSQ) and WHOQOL - BREF. Results:There was statistical significant difference in coping styles and each domain of quality of life between no - depression group and depression group (Pcoping style and quality of life of infertility women; Level of education,economic conditions,negative response, physiological field and psychological field were the main influencing factors of depression of infertility women. Conclusion: The depression incidence of infertility women is higher, and depression is closely related with coping styles and quality of life, so the medical staff should help the infertility women to adopt the effective coping styles and think highly of psychological intervention, so as to reduce depression incidence and enhance their quality of life.%[目的]探讨不孕症妇女抑郁状况与应对方式、生存质量的相关关系.[方法]采用贝克抑郁问卷(BDI)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)和世界卫生组织生存质量测定量表简表(WHOQOL-BREF),对120例不孕症妇女进行问卷调查.[结果]无抑郁组和伴抑郁组不孕症妇女在应对方式和生存质量各领域差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);抑郁、应对方式和生存质量之间存在着不同程度相关性;受教育程度、经济状况、消极应对、生理领域和心理领域是不孕症妇女抑郁的主要影响因素.[结论]不孕症妇女抑郁发生率较高,抑郁与应对方式和生存质量有密切联系,医务人员应有针对性地协助不孕症妇女采取有效的应对方式,重视心理干预,降低抑郁发生率,提高其生存质量.

  10. Investigation For Coping Style of Negative Events Of Fresh Man%大一新生负性生活事件应对方式的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左诸葛

    2011-01-01

    本文着重研究大一新生负性生活事件发生的频率、应激强度以及对负性生活事件的应对方式,并以此来提高有效调控负性情绪应对能力。主要采用“青少年生活事件量表”(ASLEC)和“应对方式问卷”(SCR)对160名大一新生的生活事件发生频率、应激强度及应对方式进行问卷调查。结果表明,首先对大一新生产生影响较大的负性生活事件主要是学习压力、人际交往等因素,而面对这些负性生活事件大部分人都能以“解决问题”的方式应对。其次应对方式与负性生活事件存在着很大的相关性。故大一新生应对负性生活事件的方式与多种因素有关,大部分大一新生能以积极应对方式应对。%Objective: To Research frequency 0fNegative events of freshmen, the strength of stressful and cophag style of negative events, Increase the capacity of coping style of negative emotion effectively.Method: Questionnaire Method of frequency of life events, strength of stressful and coping style for 160 freshmen, and adopted (the Life events Quantity of Teenagers) and (Questionnaire method of coping style). Conclusion :1, the pressure of studying and interpersonal relationship, etc made an greater impact to freshmen in campus, but most of students can solve it with style of "solve problem"2, The coping style is closely related to negative events. Conclusion: The coping style is form of many kinds of elements of freshmen, Most of freshmen will response in positive coping.

  11. Analysis on the Different Coping Style on Subjective Well-being of High School Students%不同应对方式高中生主观幸福感状况研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective: This study researches into higl~ school students' subjective well-being (SWB) and analyze the impact of coping style to their SWB. Methods: the General Well-being Schedule, and the Coping Style Ques- tionnaire. 667 high school students participated. Results: High school students' general Subjective Well-being is at medium level. Students who use solving problems and help-seeking coping styles more frequently have higher Subjective Well-being than those who use the two coping styles less frequently. And students who use self-blame, fantasy, withdrawal, and rationalization coping styles more frequently have lower Subjective Well- being than those who use the four coping styles less frequently.%目的:探讨高中生总体主观幸福感的一般状况,分析应对方式对主观幸福感的影响。方法:采用总体幸福感量表、应对方式量表对667名高中生进行问卷调查。结果:高中生总体主观幸福感处于中等水平;解决问题、求助两种应对方式使用频次高的学生总体主观幸福感水平显著高于使用频次低的学生,自责、幻想、退避、合理化四种应对方式使用频次高的学生总体主观幸福感水平显著低于使用频次低的学生。结论:大多数高中生对自己的生活状况是满意的,应对方式是主观幸福感的一个重要变量。

  12. 精神科护士工作倦怠与应对方式及工作压力源的研究%STUDY ON THE RELATIONS AMONG JOB BURNOUT, COPING STYLE AND JOB STRESSORS OF PSYCHIATRIC NURSES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟勇; 曹健

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To study the potential notable differences of job burnout levels among the nurses in the psychiatric and non- psychiatric departments through a comparative study. By exploring the relationship among job bumout, coping style and job stressors, to provide more theoretical foundation for promoting mental health of psychiatric nurses. [Methods] Investigated 143 psychiatric clinical nurses in the manner of Chinese Maslach burnout inventory, scale form on job stressors of nurses and simple coping style questionnaire. The database was set up in Foxpor 6.0 and the data were processed in SPSS 15.0. [Results] The five aspects of job stressors had a close relation with job bumout and also were major variables in the study of e-motional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Active coping style had a significant negative re-lation with the three dimensions of job burnout (P< 0.01), while passive coping style was positively related to it (P < 0.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that active coping and passive coping styles were two major affecting factors of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment. Coping style suggested in this paper as moderator and intervening variables had been partly tested. [Conclusion] The present job burnout of psychiatric nurses is quite serious, job stressors and coping style of psychiatric nurses are the significant influence factors of job burnout. The coping style has the remarkable moderator and intervening function in the job bumout and job stressors.%[目的]了解精神科护士工作倦怠、工作压力源及应对方式的现状,探讨三者之间的关系.[方法]采用中武工作倦怠问卷、护士工作压力源量表以及简易应对方式量表对143名精神科临床护士进行调查.用SPSS15.0进行数据处理.[结果]工作压力源的5个方面均与工作倦怠密切相关(P<0.01),且是影响精神科护士情感耗竭、人格解体及成

  13. 灾后护理中护士应对方式与交流恐惧研究%Nurse's Coping Styles and Communication Apprehension in Post-disaster Care

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安云霞; 张秀芬; 李丹琳; 王艳波

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨灾后护理中护士应对方式与交流恐惧状况及其相关性,并提出对策,为提高该群体心理健康水平、构建灾难心理护理体系提供参考。方法:抽取甘肃省9所医院中承担灾后护理任务的护士132名,采用特质应对方式问卷、交流恐惧自陈量表进行调查。结果:交流恐惧低度者占2.3%,中度者占64.4%,高度者占33.3%;积极应对和消极应对得分均高于健康人群常模,积极应对和消极应对与高度交流恐惧分别呈负相关和正相关,积极应对与中度交流恐惧无相关性,消极应对与中度交流恐惧呈正相关。结论:承担灾后护理任务的护士交流恐惧程度与消极应对方式关系密切,在特殊环境下,加强护理人员的心理健康监测,建立主动、系统、科学的应对体系,是亟待探讨的问题。%Objective:To discuss the relativity between nurse's coping styles and communication apprehension in post-disaster care, and take some countermeasures, in order to provide the reference for improving mental health level of the nurses and building disaster psychological care system. Methods: All 132 nurses who accepted the responsibility for post-disaster care were chose from nine hospitals from Gansu province, and investigated by trait coping-style questionnaire and communication apprehension self-test scales. Results: The nurses in low-grade communication apprehension accounted for 2.3%, the ones in moderate communication apprehension reached 64.4%, the ones in high-grade 33.3%;positive coping scores and negative coping scores were higher than norms of healthy people, positive coping styles and negative coping styles were negative and positive correlation to high degree communication apprehension respectively, positive coping styles had no connection to moderare communication apprehension, negative coping styles were positively connected to moderate communication apprehension. Conclusion

  14. 孤独症儿童父母的生活质量与应对方式相关性研究%The correlativity between quality of life and coping style in the autistic children' s parents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周长虹; 邹华; 衡中玉; 匡桂芳; 傅平

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore quality of life and coping style of autistic children' s parents, and correlation between them. Methods 68 parents of children with autism and 64 healthy children' s parents were tested with comprehensive assessment questionnaire of the quality of life and coping style questionnaire. Data were analyzed by t -test and multivariate regression analysis. Results The scores of material life and mental health dimensions in study group(48.18 ± 12.80,60.63 ± 10.18 ) were lower than that in control group(52.71±9.84,65.79±8.64) and the difference was significant( t= -2.04, P<0.05; t= -3.09, P<0.01 ). The scores of "problem solving" coping style in study group were slower than in control group; the scores of fantasy and wincing coping style in study group were higher than that in control group. By multivariate regression analysis showed that the scores of "problem solving" coping style were positively correlated with total score of life quality,physical health,mental health and social function dimensions; the scores of "fantasy" coping style had negative correlation with the total score of life quality; the scores of "wincing" coping style had negative correlation with mental health dimension. Conclusion Parents of autistic children were more susceptible to problems of physical life and mental health. Compared to parents of normal children they are more in "fantasy and wineing style and less in" problem solving style to cope with stress, so it would affect the quality of life and mental health badly and need early intervention.%目的 探讨孤独症儿童父母的生活质量状况、应对方式及其相关性.方法 使用生活质量综合评定问卷、应付方式问卷对68例孤独症儿童的父母和64例健康儿童父母进行对照研究.同时利用t检验和多因素回归分析进行数据分析.结果 实验组的物质生活维度、心理健康维度[(48.18±12.80)分,(60.63±10.18)分]低于正常对照组[(52.71±9.84)分,(65

  15. Correlation between Type D Personality and Coping Style for College Students%大学生D型人格与应对方式的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李岗; 常向东; 薛玲; 刘琳

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To explore correlation between type D personality and coping style for college students.Meth-ods:Total 397 college students were sampled stratified randomly and finished Type D Scale- 14 and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire.The data were analyzed by SPSS 1 7.0.Results:①The detection rate of type D personality among the college students was 32.75%,in which the rate in males was 1 6.62%and the rate in females was 1 6.12%(P >0.05).The highest detection rate of type D personality among the third grade college students was 10.08% (χ2 =21.528,P 0.05)。大三学生 D 型人格检出率最高为10.08%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=21.528,P <0.001);②大学生 D 型人格组的积极应对分数明显低于非 D 型人格组,差异有统计学意义(t =-7.442,P <0.001),大学生 D 型人格组的消极应对分数明显高于非 D 型人格组,差异有统计学意义(t =9.163,P <0.001);③Pearson 相关分析显示,大学生 D 型人格的负性情感(NA)因子与积极应对呈负相关(r =-0.400,P <0.01),与消极应对呈正相关(r =0.551,P <0.01);社交抑制(SI)因子与积极应对间呈负相关(r =-0.419,P <0.01),与消极应对呈正相关(r =0.454,P <0.01)。结论:D 型人格的大学生更容易采用消极应对方式。

  16. 脑卒中患者主要照顾者的负担和应对方式及其相关性分析%Study of the burden, coping style of primary caregivers of patients with stroke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李慧群; 陈琪尔; 谭坚铃

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨脑卒中患者的主要照顾者的负担水平与应对方式以及二者的相关性.方法 采用Zarit照顾者负担量表和简易应对方式问卷调查120位脑卒中患者的主要照顾者.结果 脑卒中患者的主要照顾者的负担总分(39.54±13.88)分,86.7%的照顾者负担处于轻、中度水平;照顾者多采取积极应对方式应对负担,偶尔也采取消极应对方式;负担与积极应对方式呈负相关,与消极应对方式呈正相关,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论 脑卒中患者的主要照顾者普遍存在不同程度的照顾负担,脑卒中患者主要照顾者的负担与其应对方式密切相关,护理工作者应正确引导照顾者采取适当的应对方式,减轻照顾负担.%Objective To explore caregiver burden and coping strategies of primary caregivers of patients with stroke and their correlation. Methods 120 primary caregivers of patient with stroke from four provincial hospitals of Guangzhou were included in this study. The Chinese version of Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ) were applied to assess caregiver burden and coping strategies. Results The total score of caregiver burden of the primary caregivers was (39.54 ± 13.88), 86.7%primary caregivers' burden were in the mild and middle level. Positive coping was used more often than the negative coping among primary caregivers. Positive coping was negatively related to the caregiver burden (P <0. O1) and negative coping was positively related to the burden (P < 0. 01). Conclusions Care burden were prevalent in the caregivers of patient with several extent and burden was related with coping style closely. Nurses should guide caregivers to take proper coping style and alleviate disease burden.

  17. Effect of maternal diet on offspring coping styles in rodents: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Besson, Anne A; Lagisz, Malgorzata; Senior, Alistair M; Hector, Katie L; Nakagawa, Shinichi

    2016-11-01

    Maternal nutrition can have long-term effects on offspring morphology, physiology and behaviours. However, it is unclear whether mothers 'program' offspring behavioural coping strategy (proactive/reactive) according to the predicted nutritional quality of their future environment. We conducted a systematic review on this topic and meta-analytically synthesized relevant experimental data on mice and rats (46 studies). We included data from experiments where dams were subjected to caloric restriction, protein restriction or overfeeding around gestation and subsequently measured offspring activity, exploration, or anxiety. Overall, little evidence existed for effects of maternal nutrition on the three investigated behavioural traits. The high heterogeneity observed in the data set suggests that maternal programming may sometimes occur. However, because offspring had access to a balanced diet before testing, behaviours may have been reprogrammed. Our results may indicate that reprogrammed behaviours could ameliorate negative effects associated with sub-optimal nutrition in early life. Further, our systematic review revealed clear knowledge gaps and fruitful future research avenues.

  18. 肿瘤科护士情绪智力与压力应对方式的调查研究%Investigation research of oncology nurses' emotional intelligence and pressure coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗红; 胡慧敏; 郑依力; 谭凡; 任荣; 马琴

    2012-01-01

    目的:了解肿瘤科护士情绪智力水平与压力应对方式的现状,探讨情绪智力与压力应对方式的相关性,为提高护士情绪智力与压力应对方式提供依据.方法:采用情绪智力测量量表(WLEIS)及简易应对方式问卷,对358名肿瘤科护士情绪智力及压力应对方式进行测量,用相关系数与回归模型探讨二者的关系.结果:肿瘤科护士情绪智力总均分为(5.12±0.45)分,积极应对方式总均分为(2.90±0.43)分,消极应对方式总均分为(1.62±0.57)分;情绪智力水平不受人口学变量的影响,而不同年龄、护龄与职称的护士,积极应对方式得分有统计学意义(P<0.05).情绪智力各维度与积极应对方式呈显著正相关关系,而与消极应对方式存在显著负相关关系.自我情绪运用较强的护士,容易采取积极应对方式,而他人情绪评估较差的护士,容易采取消极应对方式.结论:肿瘤科护士情绪智力与积极应对水平较高.情绪智力对肿瘤科护士职业压力有不同预测作用.护理管理者应注重护士情绪智力的培养,提高与他人的沟通能力,在遇到压力时采取积极的应对方式.%Objective:Undewtending of oncology nones' emotional intelligence and coping styles of status,probe into the correlation between the emotional intelligence and coping style,in order to improve nurses' emotional intelligence and coping style. Method:The emotional intelligence scale ( WLEIS) and simple coping style questionnaire(on 358 oncology nurses' emotional intelligence and coping style were measured,discuss the relationship with correlation ooefficient and regression model. Results:Oncology mines'emotional intelligence scons was (5.12 ± 0.45),positive coping style scores was (2.90 ±0.43), negative coping style scores was ( L 62 ±0.57);emotional intelligence level is not affected by demographic variables,depending on age,nursing age and titles of nurses, positive coping scores were

  19. 心理拓展训练对大学生应对方式的影响%The Impact of Psychological Outward Bound on College Students' Coping Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍碧栩; 马爱民

    2012-01-01

    In this experiment,we use psychological measurement of coping style questionnaire on those Chinese college students who participate in psychological outward bound course and fitness course,then we compare and analyze the survey data,and it shows that:psychological outward bound courses has a positive effect on college students' coping styles.%采用实验研究法,运用中国大学生应对方式问卷对参加心理拓展训练课程和健美课程的大学生进行心理测量,并对调查数据进行比较分析,结果表明:心理拓展训练课程对大学生应对方式的影响具有积极作用。

  20. Relationship between coping style and perceived general well-being among teachers in earthquake disaster area of Sichuan province%四川震区教师应对方式与总体幸福感关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁斌; 孙建

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between coping style and perceived general well-being among the teachers in earthquake disaster area of Sichuan province. Methods A sample of 741 teachers in the earthquake disaster area was investigated using Coping Style Questionnaire and General Weil-Being Scale. Results The differences in coping style between the teachers of different gender and age were statistically significant (P < 0.05) and the differences in perceived general well-being between the teachers of different age,education,and working area after the earthquake were statistically significant (P < 0.05). The correlation coefficients of coping style and perceived general well-being were between - 0.02 -0.37 (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The correlation between coping style (immature, mixed) and perceived general well-being was negative. The immature and mature coping style could predict perceived general well-being. Conclusion The male teachers needed more attention than the females on coping style and perceived general well-being. The coping style can predict perceived general well-being of the teachers in earthquake disaster area.%目的 了解四川震区教师应对方式与总体幸福感的现状及关系.方法 使用应对方式问卷和总体幸福感量表对四川地震灾区741名教师进行调查.结果 震区教师应对方式在性别、年龄上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);总体幸福感在性别、学历以及灾后教学场所上差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);除对生活的满足和兴趣维度,应对方式与总体幸福感各维度呈不同程度的相关关系(r=-0.02~0.37,P<0.05或P<0.01);不成熟型和混合型的应对方式与总体幸福感各维度均呈现负相关;不成熟型、成熟型的应对方式对总体幸福感有预测效果.结论 在应付方式和总体幸福感方面,震区男教师比女教师面临更多的问题;震区教师应对方式对其总体幸福感有一定预测作用.

  1. 涉外医院护士心理健康状况及其应对方式相关性研究%Psychological health and coping style among nurses in foreign-related hospitals

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋桂云; 王伟; 张潇潇; 刘宇

    2012-01-01

    目的:调查涉外医院护士心理健康状况及其应对方式,为提高其心理健康水平提供科学依据.方法:通过目的抽样法,使用简易应对方式问卷和症状自评量表对北京市涉外医院、诊所及三甲医院国际医疗部工作的82名护士进行问卷调查.结果:涉外医院护士较一般人群有更多的心理问题,表现在涉外医院护士的躯体化(P<0.01)、强迫症状(P<0.05)、焦虑(P<0.01)等方面;而涉外医院护士在人际关系敏感、恐怖因子得分上低于综合医院护士得分(P<0.01),说明其在人际关系敏感、恐怖两方面的心理健康状况好于综合医院护士.涉外医院护士的心理健康状况与其年龄、文化程度、技术职称、从事护理工作和从事涉外护理工作的时间及外语水平等因素均无相关性(P>0.05).涉外医院护士多采用积极应对方式.但是消极应对方式评分与涉外医院护士的强迫症状因子分之间具有低度正相关性(r=0.246,P=0.027),其他因子分与应对方式无相关性(P>0.05).结论:涉外医院护士心理健康状况不容忽视,护理管理者应鼓励其减少或避免使用消极应对方式,多使用积极应对方式以促进心理健康.%Objective: To explore the relationship between psychological health and coping style among nurses in foreign-related hospital in Beijing. Methods: Purposive sampling method was used to recruit 82 nurses from foreign-related hospitals and foreign outpatient clinics of Third-Grade Class A hospitals in Beijing. Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and SCL-90 were used to measure coping style and psychological health of nurses. Results: Nurses in foreign-related hospitals had more psychological problems than general population in terms of somatization (P0.05). Nurses in foreign-related hospitals applied more positive coping style than negative coping style and only negative coping style was mildly positively correlated to obsessive

  2. Correlation between personal relationship sensitivity and coping style, social support, self-acceptance%服刑人员人际敏感性与自我接纳、应对方式社会支持的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马欢; 刘利; 钱丽菊; 汤艳清; 刘盈

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the correlation between coping style, social support, self-acceptance and personal relationship sensitivity. Methods The Symptom self-comment measurement (SCL-90) ,Self-acceptance questionnaire, Coping style questionnaire and Perceived social support scale were distributed to 410 prisoners, all data were analyzed by spssl 1.5. Results 1. Personal relationship sensitivity had negative correlation with problem-solving, seeking-help coping style, social support from family, self-acceptance, and positive correlation with self-blame, avoidance, rationalization coping style. 2. The persons of low personal relationship sensitivity were intend to use problem-solving, seeking-help coping style, social support from family, self-acceptance, but high personal relationship sensitivity were intend to use self-blame, avoidance, rationalization coping style. 3. The step-regression analysis showed that self-acceptance, seeking-help coping style, social support from family by turns entered the equation,and they could predict 19% of the variance, and the self-acceptance could predict 13% of the variance. Conclusions Coping style, social support and self-acceptance were the important related factors to influent the personal relationship sensitivity of prisoners, which was affected by multiple factors.%目的 探讨服刑人员的人际敏感性与应对方式、社会支持及自我接纳的相关性.方法 采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)、自我接纳问卷、应付方式问卷及领悟社会支持问卷对410名服刑人员进行调查.所有数据采用SPSS11.5进行分析.结果 1.服刑人员的人际敏感性与解决问题(r=-0.15,P=0.00)、求助应对方式(r=-0.12,P=0.02)及家庭内外社会支持(r=-0.22,P=0.00)和自我接纳(r=-0.36,P=0.00)呈显著负相关,与自责(r=0.26,P=0.00)、退避(r=0.19,P=0.00)及合理化应对方式(r=0.18,P=0.00)呈显著正相关;2.人际敏感性低的个体倾向于解决问题、求助应对方式及家庭内外

  3. 老年糖尿病前期人群疾病不确定感与应对方式的关系%Relationship between uncertainty in illness and coping style in elderly prediabetes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵姜楠; 郑蔚; 孙萌; 余钫; 张利霞

    2014-01-01

    To investigate the state of uncertainty in illness of the elderly prediabetes and their coping style ,and to discuss the relationship between them .Methods:A total of 243 cases of elderly prediabetes were selected and were investiga-ted by using uncertainty in illness scale and coping style questionnaire .Results:In the cases selected from the elderly predi-abetes, the uncertainty in illness of the 60-years old patients were scored as (102.21 ±7.86), the 65-years old patients were scored as(96.58 ±6.84), and 75-83 years old patients were scored as (95.79 ±14.61);the levels of uncertainty in illness of the three age groups turned out to be medium .The facing coping style were scored as (19.66 ±5.81), the avoid-ance coping style were scored as (14.69 ±3.26), and the surrender coping style were scored as (8.69 ±3.89).The facing coping style was negatively related to the complexity of uncertainty observably , whereas the surrender coping style had been found positively related to the ambiguity of uncertainty , the unpredictability of uncertainty , and uncertainty score ( r =-0.006,0.200,0.206,0.126, P<0.05).Conclusion:In order to reduce uncertainty in illness and improve coping style , medical staff should evaluate the uncertainty of the elderly prediabetes and conduct nursing intervention accordingly .%目的:调查老年糖尿病前期人群疾病不确定感和应对方式状况,并探讨两者之间的关系。方法:选取243例老年糖尿病前期患者,应用疾病不确定感量表和医学应对方式量表对其进行问卷调查。结果:老年糖尿病前期人群中,60~岁组疾病不确定感得分为(102.21±7.86),65~岁组疾病不确定感得分为(96.58±6.84),75~83岁组疾病不确定感得分为(95.79±14.61),3组老年糖尿病前期人群疾病不确定感均为中等水平;面对应对方式得分为(19.66±5.81),回避应对方式得分为(14.69±3.26),

  4. 孤独症患儿父母的精神症状与应付方式%Mental symptoms and coping styles of autistic children's parents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张轶杰; 杨丽; 雷杰鹏; 马润娟

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨孤独症患儿父母的精神症状与应对方式的相关性.方法:研究对象是72例符合国际疾病和相关健康问题分类第十版诊断标准的孤独症儿童的父母和72名与孤独症儿童同年龄、同性别正常儿童的父母(对照组).采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)评估精神症状,应付方式问卷(WCSQ)评估应对方式.结果:孤独症儿童的父母组SCL-90总分及各因子分,SAS评分,SDS评分和WCSQ的求助、合理化、解决问题因子分均高于对照组[如,SCL-90总分(150.6±14.2)vs.(124.4±13.0),均P<0.05];而WCSQ的退避、自责因子分低于对照组[(0.3±0.1) vs.(0.4±0.1),(0.1±0.1)vs.(0.2±0.1),均P<0.05].孤独症儿童的父母组WCSQ的退避、幻想、求助、合理化因子分与SCL-90各因子分均呈正相关(r=0.65 ~0.92,均P<0.05),而WCSQ的自责与SCL-90各因子呈负相关(r=-0.67~-0.89,均P<0.05);WCSQ的解决问题与躯体化、强迫症状、焦虑、恐怖呈负相关(r=-0.26、-0.26、-0.24,均P<0.05).结论:孤独症儿童父母有较明显的焦虑和抑郁症状,但孤独症患儿父母多采用积极的应付方式,这可能有助于减轻精神症状的影响.%Objective: To explore the relevance between mental symptoms and coping styles of autistic children's parents. Method: Totally 72 parents whose children with autism met the diagnostic criteria of the 10th Edition of International Classification of Disease and Related Health Problems, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) 72 normal children's parents were recruited in this study. The symptoms were assessed with the Symptom Checklist 90 (SCL-90), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS), Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS), and coping styles with the Ways of Coping Styles Questionnaire (WCSQ). Result: In autism children' s parents, the total scores and factor scores of SCL-90, SAS score, SDS score, and WCSQ factor scores of seeking help, rationalization, problem

  5. The overview of research on college students' coping styles and parental rearing patterns, social support%大学生应对方式与父母养育方式、社会支持研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘芳芳; 俞爱月

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To understand of domestic and foreign scholars' research on the coping style of college students and its affecting factors, to provide a theoretical basis for college students' mental health and psychological intervention. METHODS Consulted the related literatures, summenzed the domestic and foreign scholars' researches on the college students' coping styles, parental rearing patterns, social support RESULTS Domestic and foreign scholars' researches on the coping style of college students were mature. The concepts were clear, measurement tools were authoritative. There were some researches about college students' parental rearing patterns, social support of college students, but the correlation researches of the three were very few. CONCLUSION The correlation of university students' coping style and parental rearing patterns, social support is essential to be studied deeply.%目的 了解国内外学者对大学生应对方式及其影响因素关系研究情况,为大学生心理健康及心理干预提供理论依据.方法 查阅相关文献,对国内外学者对大学生应对方式、父母养育方式、社会支持等相关研究进行综述.结果 国内外学者对大学生应对方式研究比较成熟,概念明确,测量工具比较权威,对大学生父母养育方式、大学生社会支持也有一定的研究,但是对三者相关性研究开展的非常少.结论 可以对大学生应对方式及父母养育方式、社会支持相关性做进一步研究.

  6. 原发性胆汁反流性胃炎患者人格、情绪及应对方式分析%The personality, emotion and coping styles of patients with primary biliary reflux gastritis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王巧敏; 李妙根; 徐智立

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the personality, emotion and coping styles of the patients with primary biliary reflux gastritis(PBRG). Methods 60 patients which diagnosed as PBRG selected into study group, and 60 healthy volunteers into the control group. All cases of these two groups were evaluated by the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire(EPQ), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory(STAI) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ). Compared and analysised the difference of the data of two group. Results In EPQ, the scores of the N(Neuroticism/emotional) factor in Study group were significantly higher than those in control group(P0.05). Conclusion Neuroticism, anxiety, as well as lack of positive coping styles are closely associated with the PBRG.%  目的探讨原发性胆汁反流性胃炎(PBRG)患者的人格、情绪及应对方式。方法选取60例PBRG的患者入研究组,60例健康自愿者入对照组,使用艾森克人格问卷(Eysenck Personality Questionnaire,EPQ)、状态-特质焦虑问卷(State-Trait Anxiety Inventory,STAI)及简易应对方式问卷(Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire,SCSQ)分别对两组人员进行测评,并对两组人员的问卷测评情况进行比较分析。结果 EPQ测评:研究组的N分(神经质/情绪性)显著高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P0.05)。结论PBRG与神经质人格、焦虑情绪、缺少积极的应对方式密切相关。

  7. 结构式心理干预对脑卒中患者应对方式的作用%Effects of structural psychological intervention on the coping style of patients with cerebral stroke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨妹二; 符爱民; 陈彩凤

    2015-01-01

    目的探讨结构式心理干预对脑卒中患者应对方式的作用。方法将132例脑卒中患者随机分为实验组和对照组,每组各66例,对照组接受常规健康指导,实验组在此基础上接受结构式心理干预,干预4周后,评价并比较两组患者的应对方式。结果干预后实验组患者积极应对方式得分明显高于对照组,消极应对方式得分明显低于对照组(均P<0.05)。结论结构式心理干预能改善脑卒中患者的应对方式,促进患者早日康复。%Objective To explore the effects of structural psychological intervention on the coping style of pa-tients with cerebral stroke. Methods 132 patients with cerebral stroke were divided into experimental group and control group with each group 66 patients. The patients in the control group received routine education, the patients in the exper-imental group were given structural psychological intervention on the basis of routine education. Then coping style effects of the two group on patients were observed and compared after four weeks. Results The patients with cerebral stroke positive coping score was significantly higher while negative coping score was lower in the experimental group than that of control group ( P<0. 05 ) . Conclusion Structural psychological intervention could improve the coping style of patients with cerebral stroke and promote early recovery of patients.

  8. 高职教师主观幸福感与职业倦怠:应对方式的作用﹡%Functions of Coping Style on Vocational College Teachers’ Subjective Well-being and Burnout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁杰

    2013-01-01

      调查高职教师主观幸福感和职业倦怠的现状,并检验应对方式对二者关系的作用机制。采取生活满意度量表(SWLS)、情感平衡量表(EBS)、教师职业倦怠问卷(MBI-ES)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)对河南省208名高职教师进行施策。高职教师的职业倦怠和主观幸福感密切相关,而积极有效的应对方式有助于降低职业倦怠对主观幸福感的消极影响。%This article has investigated the present situation of vocational college teachers’ subject well-being and burnout, and has evaluated mechanisms of coping style towards the relationship. 208 vocational college teachers were randomly selected to complete questionnaires, including the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Emotional Balance Scale (EBS), Maslach Burnout Inventory Educators Survey (MBI-ES), Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire (SCSQ). Vocational college teachers’ subject well-being and burnout are closely related. Taking positive and effective coping style could help reduce the negative effect on burnout on subjective well-being.

  9. The Relationship between Personality Traits, Coping Style and Internet Addiction of Vocational School Students%中职生人格特质、应对方式与网络成瘾的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程文香

    2016-01-01

    Today, the network and people's lives are inseparable, but the network for the people to bring the advantages of re-sources, but also for the people's life has brought great confusion, and even lead to serious Internet addiction. Of course, the secondary vocational school students' study and life are also affected by the network. In this paper, based on the vocational school students' personality traits, coping style and Internet addiction in the relationship between research, found that:(1) per-sonality traits and Internet addiction was significantly related to secondary vocational school students:from correlation analy-sis, we can see that, constitute the six factors of Internet addiction are subject to personality characteristics of the respondents. The Internet Addiction of the secondary vocational school students is positively related to the mental and the mental quality, and the neurotic trait can directly predict the Internet addiction disorder of the secondary vocational school students. (2) the coping style of the secondary vocational school students is significantly related to Internet addiction:from the perspective of the data, there is a significant correlation between the use of the Internet and the coping style. There was a significant positive correlation between negative coping style and Internet Addiction of respondents, respondents more negative coping style, more prone to Internet addiction. (3) the mediating effect of coping style on personality traits and Internet addiction was significant:the relationship between negative coping style and Internet addiction was mediated by negative coping.%如今,网络与人们的生活已经密不可分,但网络为人们带来优势资源的同时,也为人们的生活带来了极大的困惑,严重时甚至会导致网络成瘾。当然,中职生的学习、生活也同样受到了网络的影响。本文通过对中职生人格特质、应对方式与网络成瘾的关

  10. Analysis on coping style and related factors of nurses in psychiatric geriatric wards%精神科老年病区护士应对方式及相关因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江爱玉; 苏雅芳

    2012-01-01

    目的 调查精神科老年病区护士的应对方式及相关因素.方法 采用特质应对方式问卷、正性负性情绪量表、领悟社会支持量表对52名精神科老年病区的护士进行问卷调查;将应对方式得分与国内常模进行比较,并对调查结果进行相关性分析.结果 护士的积极应对方式因子分(35.21±5.1)分、消极应对方式因子分(22.65±4.1)分,与国内常模评分比较有统计学意义.相关分析显示,积极应对方式与正性情绪、家庭内外支持呈正相关,与负性情绪呈负相关;消极应对方式与正性情绪呈负相关,与负性情绪呈正相关;应对倾向与正性情绪、家庭内外支持呈正相关,与负性情绪呈负相关.结论 精神科老年病区护士以积极应对方式为主,应对能力与个体情绪和社会支持密切相关.%Objective To observe the coping style and related factors of nurses in psychiatric geriatric wards. Method Investigate 52 nurses from psychiatric geriatric wards by trait coping style questionnaire, positive and negative affective scale and perceived social support scale. Compare the scores of coping style with national norm and take related analysis on results. Result The score of positive coping is (35. 21±5. 1) and negative coping is (22. 65 ± 4. 1). There is significant difference on comparison between scores and national norm Related analysis indicates that positive coping style has positive correlation with positive emotion and support from in and out of family, while has negative correlation with negative emotion. Negative coping style has negative correlation with positive emotion and positive correlation with negative emotion. Coping trend has positive correlation with positive emotion and inner family support, while has negative correlation with negative emotion. Conclusion Nurses in psychiatric geriatric wards mainly cope in a positive way. Coping ability is closely related to individual emotion and social support.

  11. Relationships of driving coping styles with driving behaviors and road accidents of drivers%汽车驾驶员应对方式与驾驶行为和事故的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李彦章; 贾杰; 尹莲; 唐勤

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨驾驶员应对方式与驾驶行为、事故的关系.方法 采用简单随机抽样方法,抽取347名驾驶员进行应对方式问卷、驾驶行为问卷的调查.结果 (1)除回避性应对与驾驶行为相关不显著外,对抗性应对、情绪性应对与驾驶行为有显著正相关( r=0.18~0.56,P<0.01);积极评估应对与驾驶行为有显著负相关(r=-0.34~-0.41,P<0.01).(2)积极评估应对、对抗性应对和情绪性应对对错误行为和疏忽行为均有显著的预测作用,解释率分别为33.5%和23.5%.对抗性应对和积极评估应对对超速及违规行为有显著预测作用,解释率为40.2%.(3)在轻微事故和一般事故中,事故驾驶员和安全驾驶员均在对抗性应对上差异有统计学意义(t=-2.75;2.80,P<0.01).结论 驾驶员应对方式是影响驾驶行为和事故安全的重要因素.%Objective To explore the relationships of driving coping styles with driving behaviors and road accidents of drivers.Methods Three hundreds and thirty-seven drivers were randomly surveyed by Driving Coping Questionnaire ( DCQ),Driver Behavior Questionnaire (DBQ).Results ( 1 ) Except avoidance coping style,confrontive coping and emotion-focused coping were correlated positively with the three driving behaviors ( r =0.18 ~ 0.56,P < 0.01 ),and positive appraisal coping had negatively correlations with them (( r =-0.34 ~-0.41,P<0.01 ).(2)Positive appraisal coping,confrontive coping and emotion-focused coping could predict 33.5% of error behaviors and 23.5% of slip behaviors.And confrontive coping and positive appraisal coping could predict 40.2% of speeding and violation behaviors.(3) Compared with safety drivers,accident drivers had significantly differences in confrontive coping in mild and moderate crashes( t=-2.75,2.80,P< 0.01 ).Conclusion Driving coping styles are the important factors influencing drivers' behaviors and road safety.

  12. Coping strategies and caregiving outcomes among rural dementia caregivers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Fei; Kosberg, Jordan I; Kaufman, Allan V; Leeper, James D

    2010-08-01

    We studied the coping styles by which family caregivers living in rural areas of Alabama deal with the demands of caring for an older relative with dementia. Data were obtained from a sample of 141 caregivers through the random-digit dialing telephone survey. Two coping styles were identified: deliberate coping and avoidance coping. Deliberate coping was related to higher life satisfaction scores and, avoidance coping was related to lower life satisfaction scores and higher caregiver burden scores. Avoidance coping appeared to moderate the effects of caregiver health on caregiver burden. Social workers should pay greater attention to caregivers with dysfunctional coping styles.

  13. 手术室护士工作压力源与应对方式的相关分析%Correlation Analysis about job stress of operating room nurse and coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    底会娟; 郭淑芸; 焦俊敏; 尹维宁; 吴爱须

    2011-01-01

    目的 分析手术室护士工作压力源现状及其与应对方式的相关性.方法 采用中国护士工作压力源量表及简易应对方式量表,以无记名问卷调查的形式对245名手术室护士的工作压力源和应对方式进行调查和相关分析.结果 手术室护士工作压力源中占首位的是担心工作中出现差错事故.手术室护士总工作压力程度较高,工作量及时间分配给手术室护士带来的压力最大.积极应对方式与工作量及时间分配、护理专业及工作方面相关性有显著意义(P<0.05);工作压力源与消极应对方式相关性有显著意义(P<0.01).结论 建议关注手术室护士工作压力源的主要影响因素,加强护士的专业知识培训,提高手术室护士的应对技巧.%Objective To analyze the relativity about job stress of operating room nurse and coping style. Methods The relativity of job stress of 245 operating room nurses and coping style were investigated and correlatively analyzed by the use of nurse job stress scale and simple coping questionnaire and the form of anonymous questionnaire. Results The top operating room nurse job stress is worried about an accident of errors at work. Total working stress levels of operating room nurses was at a high level. Workload and time allocation brings the greatest pressure to the operating room nurses. Them was significant correlation between work stress and negative coping style ( P < 0.01 ). There was significant correlation between active coping style, workload, time allocation, the nursing profession and work ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion The main factors about working pressure of the operating room nurses were should be concerned. Professional training of nurses and coping skills of operating room nurses should be improved.

  14. 应对方式在夫妻人格与婚姻质量关系间的中介效应%Mediating effect of coping style between marital quality and personality in spouses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾黎斋; 王宇中; 赵江涛; 王中杰

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨夫妻婚姻质量与人格、应对方式之间的关系.方法 采用婚姻主观感受量表(MPS)、艾森克人格问卷简式量表(EPQ-RSC)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)对923名已婚者进行调查.结果 婚姻质量与精神质、神经质呈负相关(r=-0.24,-0.31,均P<0.01),与内外向和测谎呈正相关(r=0.24,0.14,均P<0.01),婚姻质量与积极应对呈正相关(r=0.33,P<0.01).应对方式在人格和婚姻质量关系间存在部分中介效应,中介效应占总效应的8.8%.结论 应对方式是人格与婚姻质量关系间的中介变量.%Objective To examine the relationship of marital quality,personalities,coping style in spouses.Methods Total 923 spouses were assessed with the marriage perception scale (MPS),Eysenck personality questionaire(EPQ) and simplified coping style questionnaire(SCSQ).Results The results revealed that psychoticism and neuroticism were both negatively correlated with marital quality(r=-0.24,-0.31,P< 0.01),but intraversion/extraversion and lie were both positively correlated with marital quality (r =0.24,0.14,P < 0.01).And coping style was positively correlated with marital quality(r=0.33,P< 0.01).Significant partial mediation of coping style on the association between personality and marital quality were revealed,and the mediating effect was accounted for 8.8% of the total effect.Conclusion Coping style is the mediator between personalities and marital quality.

  15. The Effect of Prisoner's Social Support and Coping Style on Mental Health%服刑人员社会支持、应对方式对心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱舒翼; 曾祥岚

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the effect of prisoner's social support and coping style on mental health.Meth-ods:A total of 347 prisoners were assessed by Social Support Scale(SSS),Coping Style Questionnaire(CSQ)and Symptom Checklist 90(SCL-90).Results:①There was a correlation among the social support and coping style (r=0.37,P<0.01).②There was a correlation among the social support and mental health(r=-0.22,P<0.01).③ There was a correlation among the coping style and mental health (r=-0.53,P<0.01).④The problem solving,self-accu-sation,illusion and the subjective support could predict the mental health(R2=0.308,P<0.05).Conclusion:The cop-ing style and social supports can affect the mental health status of prisoners.%目的:探讨服刑人员的社会支持与应对方式对心理健康的影响.方法:采用社会支持评定量表、应对方式问卷及症状自评量表(SCL-90)对347名服刑人员进行调查研究.结果:①社会支持与应对方式呈显著相关(r=0.37,P<0.01);②社会支持与心理健康总分呈显著负相关(r=-0.22,P<0.01);③应对方式与心理健康总分相关性显著(r=-0.53,P<0.01);④以心理健康总分为因变量的逐步回归分析结果发现,应对方式中的解决问题、自责、幻想和社会支持中的主观支持对服刑人员心理健康状况有预测作用(R2=0.308,P<0.05).结论:服刑人员的应对方式和社会支持影响其心理健康状况.

  16. The Relationship among Subjective Well-being,Coping Style and Work Stress of Primary/Middle School Teachers%中小学教师工作压力、应对方式与幸福感的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐莘尧; 张建人; 凌辉

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨中小学教师工作压力、应对方式与幸福感的关系及应对方式的中介作用。方法采用教师职业幸福感调查问卷、应付方式问卷、中小学教师工作压力量表对湖南省1555名中小学教师进行问卷调查。结果①幸福感与工作压力的得分呈显著负相关(r=-0.410,P<0.01);②自责、幻想、退避和合理化的消极应对方式与幸福感的得分呈显著负相关(r=-0.383,-0.169,-0.242,-0.250;P<0.01),与压力的得分显著正相关(r=0.270,0.220,0.255,0.213;P<0.01);③应对方式在工作压力与幸福感之间起部分中介作用。结论压力既可以直接影响中小学教师职业幸福感,也可以通过应对方式间接影响职业幸福感。%Objective To investigate relationships among stress , coping style and happiness and the mcderating effect of coping style.Methods 1555 teachers working at primary school and middle school in Hunan were assessed using the multiple happiness ques -tionnaire,MHQ,work stress scale and Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ).Results ①Subjective well -being was negative correlated to work stress(r=-0.410,P<0.01).②Self-accusation,fantasy,escape and rationalization were positively correlated to subjective well -being(r=-0.383,-0.169,-0.242,-0.250;P<0.01)and were negatively correlated to work stress (r=0.270,0.220,0.255,0.213;P<0.01).③Positive coping style had partially mediating effect on the relationship between happiness and job stress .Conclusion Work stress has direct effect on happiness ,and indirect effect on affects happiness through coping style in primary /middle school teacher .

  17. 农村中职生学业自我与应对方式的关系%The Relationship between Academic Self-concept and Coping Styles of Rural Secondary Vocational School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊敏; 刘国艳; 宋娇

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the relationship between academic self-concept and coping style of rural sec-ondary vocational school students.Methods:A total of 840 vocational school students in Guizhou province were inves-tigated with two questionnaires:Academic Self-concept Inventory and coping styles Inventory.Results:①The rural secondary vocational school student's academic self- concept(62.20 ± 14.22)developmental level was the medium level.②There were significant differences of academic self-concept level between gender(t =-2.644,P <0.01 )and ethnic groups(t =-5.069,P <0.001)of the rural secondary vocational school students,and female's scores was higher than males'.③Academic self-concept was positively correlated(r =0.229,P <0.01)with coping style.Perceived a-bility,achievement value and emotional experience could predict positive coping style effectively(R2 = 0.1 54,P <0.001).Conclusion:Self-concept of the rural secondary vocational school students is closely associated with coping styles.%目的::考察农村中职生的学业自我与应对方式的关系。方法:以贵州省840名农村中职生为被试,采用中学生学业自我量表和简易应对方式问卷进行测试。结果:①农村中职生的学业自我(62.20±14.22)处于中等偏上水平;②农村中职生的学业自我在性别和民族上存在显著差异(性别:t =-2.644,P <0.01;民族:t =-5.069,P <0.001),女生得分普遍高于男生。③农村中职生学业自我与积极应对方式存在显著的正相关(r =0.229,P <0.01),并且能力知觉、成就价值及情感体验对积极应对方式(R2=0.154,P <0.001)有显著的预测作用。结论:农村中职生的学业自我与应对方式存在显著相关。

  18. The relationship of cognition, coping style and depression in the patients with coronary heart disease%冠心病患者认知和应对方式与抑郁情绪的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋玉萍; 李敬田; 孙宏伟; 隋萍; 李爱英

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究认知和应对方式与冠心病患者伴发抑郁的关系.方法 对240例住院冠心病患者应用自评抑郁量表、自动思维问卷、功能失调性态度问卷、特质应对方式问卷进行调查,对收集到的数据运用SPSS 11.5进行t检验、相关分析和多元逐步回归分析.结果 37.5℅的冠心病患者患有不同程度的抑郁情绪;冠心病伴发抑郁情绪与自动思维、功能失调性态度总分及其完美化、强制性、依赖性、认知哲学、积极应对方式、消极应对方式呈显著相关( r =0.524,0.347,0.302,0.458,0.369,0.268,-0.401,0.247);自动思维、强制性、积极应对三个因子进入抑郁的回归方程( P ﹤0.01),能解释抑郁总分变异量的39.7%.结论 认知评价和应对方式是影响冠心病伴发抑郁情绪的重要因素.%Objective To study the relationship of cognition,coping style and coronary heart disease with depression.Methods A total of 240 cases of coronary heart disease patients were investigated by schedule table SDS, ATQ, DAS and TCSQ. With the SPSS11.5,t-test, correlation analysis and regression analysis were carried out for the collected data.Results ①37.5% of patients with coronary heart disease suffered from various degrees of depression.②Automatic thoughts, dysfunctional attitudes and their perfect scores, mandatory, dependency, cognitive philosophy, actively coping styles, negative coping styles were significantly related to depression extents.③Automatically thinking, mandatory, actively coping style entered the regression equation of depression and can explain the 39.7 percent variance.Conclusion Cognition and coping style are the important factors for predicting depression of coronary heart disease.

  19. 急性冠脉综合征患者抑郁障碍与应对方式的相关研究%A correlative study of depressive disorder and coping style in ACS patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄国明; 郭明; 黄绍烈; 钞雪林; 黄佳

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To know the condition of the acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with depressive disorder. To explore the relationship between depressive disorder and coping style of ACS patients. METHODS The investigation based on 104 cases by using the general condition questionnaire, HAD (d), MCMQ. RESULTS ① The rate of ACS patients with depressive disorder was 31.73%. ② The scores of 'confrontation' coping style of ACS patients with depressive were lower than those of ACS patients without depressive disorder (P < 0.05). The scores of 'avoidance' and 'compromising' coping styles of ACS patients with depressive were higher than those of ACS patients without depressive disorder (P< 0.01). ③ Multiple linear stepwise regression analysis showed that the scores of HAD (d) existed correlation with ' confrontation', ' avoidance' and 'compromising' coping styles (P< 0.05). CONCLUSION The phenomenon of ACS patients with depressive disorder shouldn't be ignored. The coping style guide should be strengthened for ACS patients.%目的 了解急性冠脉综合征(ACS)患者合并抑郁障碍的现况,探讨ACS患者抑郁障碍与应对方式的关系.方法 应用一般情况调查表、HAD (d)、MCMQ对104名ACS患者进行调查.结果 ①ACS患者抑郁障碍的患病率为31.73%.②ACS伴抑郁障碍组的面对因子得分低于不伴抑郁障碍组,差异具有统计学意义(P< 0.05);ACS伴抑郁障碍组的回避因子和屈服因子得分均高于不伴抑郁障碍组,且差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01).③多元线性逐步回归分析示面对、回避、屈服3个因素进入到回归模型(P<0.05).结论 ACS患者合并抑郁障碍的状况不容忽视,应加强ACS患者应对方式的指导.

  20. 护理系与临床医学系女生压力源、应对方式的调查分析%Analysis of stressors and coping style among female students of nursing and medical department

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琴; 王海云; 张澜; 韩静

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解及比较石河子大学医学院护理系与临床医学系女生压力源、应对方式的现状.方法 采用大学生压力问卷和简易应对方式问卷对石河子大学医学院护理系与临床医学系女生采取分层整群抽样的方法进行测试、分析.结果 ①压力源平均得分为(2.98±0.52)分,护理系与临床医学系女生压力源有所不同.②被调查者较多采用积极应对方式,较少采用消极应对方式.③压力大小与积极应对方式呈负相关,与消极应对方式呈正相关.结论 建议高校管理者了解护理系与临床医学系女生的特点,有针对性地进行心理健康教育.%OBJECTIVE To study and compare the status quo of stressors and coping style among female students of nursing and medical department in Shihezi University. METHODS Applied the questionnaires of the Stressors and Simple Coping Style to investigate the nursing and medical female students of Shihezi University, sampled by layering the whole flock. RESULTS ① The mean score of stressors was 2.98 ±0.52 while the stressors of nursing and medical female students were quite different. ② The respondents usually tended to apply positive coping style while few to negative. ③ The score of stressors was negatively correlated with the score of positive coping style and positively correlated with the score of negative coping style. CONCLUSION College managers should understand these mental features of nursing and medical female students and conduct the psychological health education accordingly.

  1. 武警某部战士个性特征及应对方式的调查与分析%Investigation and correlation analysis of armed policemen's personality characteristics and coping style in a unit

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金蕊; 林建坤

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨武警战士个性特征及应对方式的关系.方法 采用艾森克人格量表(EPQ)和应对方式问卷,选取某部武警战士163名进行调查.结果 武警战士个性特征以外向稳定为主,应对方式以解决问题和求助为主,外向与退避、自责、合理化负相关,与解决问题正相关;神经质、精神质与退避、幻想、自责正相关,与求助、解决问题负相关;掩饰性与退避、幻想、自责、合理化负相关,与求助、解决问题无显著相关性.结论 武警战士成熟应对方式与神经质、精神质呈显著负相关,与外向(高E)呈显著正相关;不成熟应对方式与外向(高E)、掩饰维度呈负相关,与神经质、精神质呈显著正相关.%Objective To study the relationship between the personality characteristics and the coping styles of armed policemen in a unit. Methods The EPQ and the coping style questionnaire were used to investigate 163 soldiers selected from a unit of Armed Police. Results The personality characteristics of soldiers were stability - based while the coping styles were mainly based on problem - solving and help - seeking. Extroversion correlated negatively with retreat, self - accusation and rationalization while positively with problem - solving. Neuroticism and psychoticism correlated positively with retreat, fantasy, self - accusation, while negatively with help - seeking and problem - solving. Concealing had a negative correlation with retreat, fantasy, self- accusation and rationalization , but it had no significant correlation with help - seeking and problem - solving. Conclusions The mature coping style of the soldier has a significant negative correlation with neuroticism and psychoticism, and has a significant positive correlation with extro-version(E) . However immature coping style has a significant negative correlation with extroversion(E) and concealing, and has a significant positive correlation with neuroticism and psychoticism.

  2. 驻干旱沙漠地区军人心理疲劳状况与特质应对方式的研究%Mental Fatigue Status and Trait Coping Style of Soldiers in Arid Desert

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘锡丹; 惠华强; 李建光; 连玉龙; 白云峰; 刘继文

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解驻干旱沙漠地区军人心理疲劳状况及特制应对方式的特点.方法 对我国新疆干旱沙漠地区某部队226名军人(实验组)和市区某部队247名军人(对照组)进行中文版多维疲劳量表(multidimensional fatigue inventory-20,MFI-20)和特制应对方式问卷调查.结果 实验组军人的疲劳总均分、体力疲劳均明显高于对照组(P<0.01或P<0.05).干旱沙漠地区军人疲劳的总分和各因素分均与消极应对呈正相关,而与积极应对呈负相关(P<0.01或P<0.05).结论 干旱沙漠地区军人心理疲劳问题值得关注,应对方式与心理疲劳程度密切相关,应针对其相关因素采取相应措施.%Objective To study the mental fatigue status and the characteristics of the trait coping style of soldiers in arid desert. Methods A total of 226 soldiers in arid desert (experimental group) and 247 soldiers in the city (control group) were investigated by using the multidimensional fatigue inventory-20 (MFI-20) and trait coping style questionnaire. Results Experimental group had higher total scores of fatigue and physical fatigue than the control group (P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). In the experimental group, the total scores and all the factor scores of fatigue had positive correlation with negative coping style and negative correlation with the positive coping style (P<0. 01 or P<0. 05). Conclusion Much attention should be paid to the mental fatigue of soldiers in arid desert. The coping style has close relation with the mental fatigue and special measures should be taken.

  3. Research on Mental Fatigue Status and Trait Coping Style of Soldiers in Cold Regions%寒区军人心理疲劳状况与特质应对方式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李建光; 惠华强; 刘锡丹; 连玉龙; 白云峰; 刘继文

    2011-01-01

    目的调查驻寒区军人心理疲劳状况及特质应对方式的特点.方法 对我国寒区某部队258名军人(实验组)和市区某部队320名军人(对照组)进行中文版多维疲劳量表(MFI-20)和特质应对方式问卷调查.结果 实验组军人的活动减少、体力疲劳均明显偏高,与对照组相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01或P<0.05).寒区军人疲劳的总分和各因素分均与消极应对呈显著正相关,而与积极应对呈显著负相关(P<0.01或P<0.05).结论 寒区军人心理疲劳问题值得关注,应对方式与心理疲劳程度密切相关,需采取针对性措施.%Objective To investigate the mental fatigue and the characteristics of the trait coping style of soldiers located in cold regions. Methods The multidimensional fatigue inventory -20 scales and trait coping style questionnaire were adapted to be the measurement instrument to investigate 247 soldiers in cold regions (stressful group) and 305 soldiers in city proper (control group). Results The soldiers of stressful group had heavier reduced activity and physical strength of fatigue than the control group(P <0.01 or P <0.05). The negative coping style has positive correlation with total scores and every factor scores of fatigue in cold regions, the positive coping style has negative correlation (P < 0.01 or P < 0.05 ). Conclusions Concern of mental fatigue of soldiers in cold regions, the coping style has close connection with the mental fatigue and special measures should be taken to improve their mental fatigue.

  4. Self-rated coping styles and registered sickness absence among nurses working in hospital care : A prospective 1-year cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, J. A. H.; Plat, N.; Mageroy, N.; Moen, B. E.; van der Klink, J. J. L.; Groothoff, J. W.; Roelen, C. A. M.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Sickness absence is an important problem in healthcare that affects the quality of care. Sickness absence has been related to coping strategies. Problem-focused coping was shown to be associated with low sickness absence and emotion-focused coping with high sickness absence among postal

  5. Self-rated coping styles and registered sickness absence among nurses working in hospital care : A prospective 1-year cohort study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schreuder, J. A. H.; Plat, N.; Mageroy, N.; Moen, B. E.; van der Klink, J. J. L.; Groothoff, J. W.; Roelen, C. A. M.

    2011-01-01

    Background: Sickness absence is an important problem in healthcare that affects the quality of care. Sickness absence has been related to coping strategies. Problem-focused coping was shown to be associated with low sickness absence and emotion-focused coping with high sickness absence among postal

  6. Investigation of anxiety status and stress coping style in intensive care unit and general ward nurses%ICU护士与普通病房护士应付方式与焦虑状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉霞; 姚景鹏

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the stress coping style and anxiety status of intensive care unit (ICU) and general ward( referred to as ward) nurses and the relation between stress coping style and anxiety status.Methods Totals of 84 ICU nurses and 77 ward nurses were investigated with general information questionnaire,coping style questionnaire(CSQ) and self rating anxiety scale ( SAS),and compared coping factors score,influencing factors,anxiety incidence and degree between ICU group and ward group,and analysed the relation between stress coping style and anxiety status.Results The “seeking help” (mature coping style)score of ICU nurses group was ( 0.694 ± 0.175 ) higher than ( 0.631 ± 0.212 ) in ward group,and the score of immature style “self-accusation” in ICU group was ( 0.262 ± 0.237 ) lower than ( 0.349 ± 0.262 ) in ward group,difference was statistically significant ( t =2.043,- 2.220,respectively; P < 0.05 ).There was no significant difference in anxiety incidence was found,but anxiety score of ICU group was(39.37 ± 8.905 ) lower than ward group(42.53 ± 8.573 ),and the difference was statistically significant ( t =- 2.292,P < 0.05 ).Coping style was no relation with age,professional title in ICU group( r =-0.060,-0.054,respectively;P > 0.05),while coping style was negatively correlated with age,professional title in ward group( r =-0.237,-0.251,respectively; P < 0.05 ).“solving problem”,“seeking help” were negatively correlated with anxiety (r=-0.267,-0.177,respectively; P < 0.05 or P < 0.01 ).“Shirk”,“self-accusation” and “illusion”( immature coping styles) and “rationalization” ( combined coping style) were positively correlated with anxiety (r =0.329,0.304,0.330,0.287,respectively;P < 0.01 ).Conclusions Improving coping style of nurses can help to reduce nurses' psychological stress and anxiety.%目的 探讨重症监护室(ICU)护士与普通病房护士的应付方式与焦虑状况及相关性.方法

  7. 成年男性服刑人员家庭功能与应对方式病态人格的关系%Family functioning, coping style and psychopathic personality for adult male prisoners

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    牛志民; 李丽; 梅松丽

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship among family functioning,coping style,and psychopathic personality for adult male prisoners.Methods 328 adult male prisoners were surveyed with Family APGAR Index,Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Psychopathic Deviate Scale.Different demographic variables were compared on male prisoners'family functioning,coping style and psychopathic personality.Coping style and psychopathic personality were compared among family functioning groups,then a relationship model was set up by structural equation modeling.Results The low age male prisoners showed significant lower growth (1.17 ±0.76),resolve (1.11 ±0.79),negative coping style(1.15 ± 0.51),the total scale of family APGAR (5.61 ± 2.73) and higher psychopathic personality (22.11 ± 4.95) than the high age male prisoners ((1.35 ± 0.72),(1.45 ± 0.68),(1.30±0.58),(6.29 ±2.63),(19.40 ±5.06),t=2.17,4.15,2.51,2.31,4.89).The rural male prisoners showed significant lower adaptation (1.04 ± 0.69) and higher positive coping style (1.95 ± 0.40) than the city male prisoners ((1.21 ± 0.74),(1.81 ± 0.43),t =2.07,3.09).The positive coping style (P =0.024)and psychopathic personality (P =0.000) of adult male prisoners among family functioning groups showed significantly difference.The strongest positive effect that adult male prisoners' positive coping style forecast family functioning was 0.275.The strongest negtive effect that male prisoners' psychopathic personality forecast family functioning was 0.257.The strongest negtive effect that male prisoners' negative coping style forecast psychopathic personality was 0.197.The strongest positive effect that male prisoners' family functioning forecast psychopathic personality was 0.266.Conclusions Positive coping style and good family functioning could effectively adjust adult male prisoners' personality.Positive coping style and perfect personality could effectively improve adult male prisoners' family functioning.Family functioning

  8. 肺结核患者应对方式和社会支持的研究%Investigation on coping styles and social support of pulmonary tuberculosis patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    资青兰; 何志青; 胡贵方; 唐惠红; 龚芳

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate the coping styles and social support of pulmonary tuberculosis patients,and to compare the coping styles and social support of different demographic characteristics.Methods A total of 250 cases of new sputum smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis patients were selected continuously in accordance with the registration order.They were investigated with Trait Coping Style Questionnaire and Social Support Rating Scale.Results About 80.04% of the patients showed a moderate or low level of positive coping style and 26.40% showed a high level of negative coping style.The percent of high level subjective support was 27.20%,and the percents of low level objective support and usage degree of support were 90.80% and 100.00%,while the total score of high level social support was 4.00%.Marriage and gender were found to be the influencing factors.Conclusion Pulmonary tuberculosis patient stend to choose negative coping styles and show a low level of social support.The unmarried or divorced patients are the low level social support groups.It is suggested to take actions to reduce the patients'emotional stress,avoide negative coping style and enhance social support,especially for those unmarried or divorced,to promote the control of pulmonary tuberculosis.%目的 调查肺结核患者的应对方式和社会支持水平,并比较不同人口学特征肺结核患者的应对方式、社会支持状况.方法 按确诊登记顺序连续抽取250例新发痰涂片阳性的肺结核患者,选用特质应对方式问卷和社会支持评定量表进行问卷调查.结果 80.40%的肺结核患者积极应对方式得分处于中低水平,26.40%的患者消极应对方式得分处于高水平;肺结核患者高水平的主观支持占27.20%,低水平的客观支持、支持利用度分别占90.80%、100.00%,而患者高水平的社会支持总分仅占4.00%;婚姻状况和性别是主要影响因素.结论 肺结核患者多采用消

  9. Relationship among mental stress, coping style and self-efficacy beliefs of highland recruits%高原集训新兵的心理应激与应对方式和自我效能感的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨玲; 谢远俊

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨高原某部集训新兵的心理应激状况及其与应对方式和自我效能感的关系,并据此对高原新兵的心理健康教育提出建议.方法 采用问卷调查法,在驻青海某部新兵训练基地按照建制序列随机选取3个新训连队共256名新兵,施测军人心理应激自评问卷、简易应对方式问卷和一般自我效能感问卷.结果 新兵的心理应激反应主要表现为紧张、睡眠不好和身心疲惫;心理应激与消极应对有显著的正相关(r=0.349,P<0.01),与积极应对和自我效能感有显著的负相关(r=-0.179,P<0.01;r=-0.210,P<0.01),而自我效能感则与积极应对有显著的正相关(r=0.532,P<0.01);消极应对方式与自我效能感对心理应激反应有显著的预测作用.结论 可以通过增强高原新兵的自我效能感,并指导他们采用适当的应对方式来减轻集训期间的心理应激.%Objective To explored the mental stress situations and the relationship between mental stress, coping style and self-efficacy beliefs of the highland training recruits, and suggestions about mental health education of the recruits to be proposed.Methods The solider mental stress self-reported questionnaire, simplied coping style questionnaire, and generalized self-efficacy beliefs scale were administrated to 256 recruits from 3 companies have been randomly selected in a military training base of Qinghai province.Results The mental stress of the recruits included tension, sleepless, physical and mental exhaustion.The mental stress was significant positive correlation with negative coping style( r=0.349, P<0.01 ), and significant negative correlation with active coping style( r= -0.179, P<0.01 ), and with self-efficacy beliefs( r= -0.210, P<0.01 ).Meantime selfefficacy beliefs was significant positive correlation with active coping style( r = 0.532, P < 0.01 ).Negative coping style and self-efficacy beliefs could significantly predict mental stress

  10. Effect of psychodrama intervention on coping style of young offenders%心理剧干预对犯罪青少年应对方式的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何艳丽; 赵山明

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore effective coping style of targeted psychodrama on teenager offenders.Methods Targeted psychodrama intervention procedures were designed.60 teenagers selected from juvenile detention jail were randomly divided into experimental group and control group.Psychodrama intervention was applied to the experimental group to test the changes of the two groups before and after the intervention using simplified coping style questionnaire.Results Before the intervention,the positive coping style level of the experimental group was 1.40 ± 0.42,the negative coping style level was 2.19 ± 0.32; after the intervention,the positive coping style level of the experimental group was 2.13 ± 0.36,the negative coping style level was 1.77 ±0.30.The difference of the experimental group's positive response and the negative response were significant before and after the intervention(t =-6.223,P< 0.01; t =9.749,P<0.01).The difference of the control group's positive response and the negative response were not significant (P > 0.05).Conclusion Psychodrama intervention has a positive effect on the criminal teenagers coping styles,and it can improve their social adaptability.%目的 探讨有针对性的心理剧干预对犯罪青少年应对方式的影响.方法 设计有针对性的心理剧干预程序;选择某未成年劳动教养管理所60名青少年,分为试验组和对照组,并对试验组青少年进行心理剧干预;使用简易应对方式问卷对干预前后两组青少年应对方式进行测评.结果 干预前试验组青少年的积极应对方式评分为(1.40±0.42)分,消极应对方式评分为(2.19±0.32)分,干预后积极应对方式为(2.13±0.36)分;消极应对方式为(1.77±0.30)分;试验组在干预前后积极应对方式、消极应对方式得分均差异有统计学意义(t=-6.223,P<0.01;t=9.749,P<0.01).对照组干预前后积极应对消极应对评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 心理剧干预对

  11. 老年人和大学生自我效能感与应付方式的差异%The comparation of self-efficacy and coping styles between older adults and undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘永广; 唐丹; 王大华; 陈章明

    2009-01-01

    Objective To investigate the age effect on self-efficacy, coping styles, and their relationship. Methods 48 older adults and 49 undergraduates were investigated, using the background questionnaire, Coping Style Scale, and the Chinese version of General Self-Efficacy Scale (GSES). Results (1) The mean scores of GSES of older adults (43.47±11.49) were significantly higher than undergraduates (40.82±7.88)( P <0.05). Solving problem and self-accusation of coping styles were significantly different between the two groups( P <0.01,P <0.05). (2) Self-efficacy was significantly related to some dimensions of coping styles ( P <0.01 or P <0.05) and the correlation patterns between self-efficacy and coping styles among older adults were different to that among undergraduates. (3) Among undergraduates, the group with higher self-efficacy was significantly different to the group with lower self-efficacy in terms of coping styles ( P <0.05). Conclusion The self-efficacy, coping styles and their correlation pattern of older adults are significantly different to these of undergraduates.%目的 探讨自我效能感和应付方式的年龄差异以及两者之间的特征.方法 以48名老年人和49名在校大学生为被试,进行背景信息问卷、应付方式问卷、一般自我效能感问卷施测.结果 (1)在控制了教育水平差异之后,老年人自我效能感得分[(43.47±11.49)分]高于大学生[(40.82±7.88)分]差异具有显著性( P <0.05);在应付方式上,解决问题和自责2个维度存在显著年龄差异( P <0.05).(2)自我效能感和应付方式部分维度有显著相关( P <0.05),且老年人和大学生的相关模式不同.(3)在应付方式上,大学生的自我效能感高分组和低分组差异有显著性( P <0.05),老年人则没有.结论 老年人和大学生的自我效能感、应付方式以及两者之间的关系模式皆存在显著年龄差异.

  12. Correlation Analysis on Coping Styles and Acute Emotional Depression in Elderly Patients with Acute Abdominal Diseases%老年急腹症患者急性期应对方式与情感抑郁的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙海霞; 夏丽芳; 蔡文芳; 杨英芳

    2011-01-01

    目的 调查普外科老年急腹症患者急性期情感抑郁的现状以及所采用的应对方式,并分析其与情感抑郁的相关性.方法 2008年3月至2009年3月,采用自行设计的调查问卷对236例老年急腹症急性期患者进行调查,问卷内容包括一般社会人口学资料、基本病情、患者的应对方式以及抑郁情绪等.结果 236例老年急腹症急性期患者中,抑郁者98例 ,其中轻度抑郁者44例 、中重度抑郁者54例;不同文化程度的老年急腹症患者在面对和回避的应对方式上,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);自费的老年急腹症患者抑郁情绪比享受医保的老年急腹症患者严重,且多采用回避的应对方式(P<0.01);老年急腹症患者回避和屈服的应对方式与抑郁情绪之间具有相关性(P<0.01).结论 情感抑郁在老年急腹症急性期患者中发生率高,与医疗付费方式、采取的应对方式等多种因素有关,应采取积极的护理干预措施,以避免或减少老年急腹症患者情感抑郁的发生.%Objective To investigate the status quo and coping styles of acute emotional depression in elderly patients with acute abdominal diseases so as to analyze the correlation between different coping styles and emotional depression.Methods From March 2008 through March 2009, a questionnaire survey was conducted in 236 elderly patients with acute abdominal diseases concerning general social demographic data,the basic condition,the patient's coping style and depression,etc.Results Of the 236 elderly patients with acute abdominal diseases,depression occurred in 98 cases, including 44 mild and 54 moderate or severe depression.The elderly patients with acute abdominal diseases who had different education backgrounds had no significant difference in coping styles for depression, facing and avoidance(P>0.05).The depression levels in the elderly patients with acute abdominal diseases were significantly higher in those at their own

  13. Relative research on psychological health status and coping style of nursing students in tuberculosis department%结核科实习护生心理健康状况与应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽芹; 王坤

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level of psychological health. and to know the relativity of psychological health and coping style of nursing students in tuberculosis department. so as to provide evidences for improving their psychological health and the ability of society coping. Methods 44 nursing students in tuberculosis department were investigated by SCL-90(Symptom Checklist 90)and CSQ(Coping Style Question).Then they were compared with young people of the normal group. Results The test results of SCL-90 showed that the scores of compulsion(1.95±0.42),anxiety(1.82±0.44)and scare(1.77±0.40)of nursing students in tuberculosis department were higher those of young people of the normal group. The differences of other factors had no statistical meaning(P>0.05).Wherein psychological health state had a positive relativity with seeking help and reasonable coping style(PO.05),其中心理健康状况与求助、合理化应对方式成正相关(P<0.05),与自责、退避消极的应对方式成负相关(P<0.01).结论 在结核科实习过程中,要注意到护生应对方式与心理健康的关系,加强培训提高认识,保持其良好的心理状况,提高社会适应能力.

  14. The Impact of Students' Core Self-evaluation and the Coping Style on Test Anxiety of Undergraduates%核心自我评价、应对方式对大学生考试焦虑的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董军强; 陈建勇

    2013-01-01

    目的:探讨核心自我评价、应对方式对大学生考试焦虑的作用.方法:采用核心自我评价问卷、应对方式问卷、考试焦虑量表对450名大学生进行了问卷调查.结果:核心自我评价与考试焦虑存在显著的负相关,应对方式的自责、幻想、退避、合理化与考试焦虑呈显著正相关;核心自我评价、应对方式对考试焦虑有显著的预测作用.结论:应对方式在核心自我评价对考试焦虑的影响上存在部分中介作用.%Objective: To research how the core self-evaluation and coping style work on test anxiety of undergraduates. Method: 450 college students were selected to fill questionnaires of Core Self-evaluations Scale (CSES), Ways of Coping Questionnaire (WCQ), and Test Anxiety Scale (TAS). Result: Core self-evaluation and the test anxiety appear in a obvious negative correlation, and self-accusation, fantasy, avoidance and rationalization are positively related to the test anxiety significantly. Core self-evaluation and coping style could predict the test anxiety obviously. Conclusion: Coping style is an intermediary variable factor to the impact of core self-evaluation on the test anxiety.

  15. Relationship between loneliness and coping styles with loneliness and peer relationship among pupils%小学生孤独感应对方式同伴关系与孤独感的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何华敏; 陈良; 吴立奇; 张大均

    2011-01-01

    目的 研究小学生孤独感应对方式、同伴关系与孤独感的关系,为开展专业性干预和研究提供参考.方法 在重庆市开县和万州区选择4所小学,使用儿童孤独感应对方式问卷、儿童孤独量表、同伴提名和友谊质量问卷进行调查.结果 儿童积极的孤独感应对方式、社会喜好、积极友谊质量与孤独感呈显著负相关,消极的孤独感应对方式、消极友谊质量与孤独感呈显著正相关;路径分析表明,儿童的孤独感应对方式通过2组中介作用来影响孤独感,分别是孤独感应对方式→社会喜好→孤独感以及孤独感应对方式→友谊质量→孤独感.结论 同伴关系是儿童孤独感应对方式与孤独感之间的中介变量.%Objective To research the relationship between loneliness and coping styles with loneliness and peer relationship among pupils.Methods By using Children's Loneliness Scale, Peer Nomination, Friendship Quality Questionnaire, 930 elementary school children from the third grade to the sixth were investigated to research the relationship among coping ways with loneliness, peer relationship and loneliness. Results The resuits indicated that, significantly negative correlation was found between positive coping ways with loneliness, social preference, positive friendship quality and loneliness, and significantly positive correlation was found between negative coping ways with loneliness, negative friendship quality and loneliness; results from SEM indicated that coping ways with loneliness had impact on loneliness through two types mediator effects:Coping ways with loneliness→ a social preference→ loneliness; coping ways with loneliness→friendship quality→ loneliness. Conclusion Peer relationship is the me diating variable between coping styles with loneliness and loneliness among children.

  16. Relations psychological health with personality and coping style in 100 medical college students%100名医学生人格特质及应对方式与心理健康关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娟娣; 杨雪梅; 任冰; 周曼颖; 林勇

    2011-01-01

    Objective Medical students are the mainstay of medical professionals for future health service, therefore, their mental health is arousing more and more concern. Probing into the ways of the influence of personality and coping style on the psychological health of medical college students, we provide scientific basis and guidance for pertinent psychological intervention. Methods A total of 100 medical college students were evaluated by Symptom Checklist 90 ( SCL-90) , Eysenck' s Personality Questionnaire (EPQ) , and Coping Style Questionnaire (CSQ). Results ①The average scores of total and those of obsession compulsive, depression, anxiety and psychoticism were all above the norm. The scores of somatization, interpersonal relationship, fear and paranoia were all below the norm. ②Neuroticism had an significant positive correlation with the average SCL-90 scores of total and those of obsession, depression and fear. Immature coping style has a significant positive correlation with the average SCL-90 scores of total and all the tested factors. ③Personality trait, coping style have influence on psychological health. Coping style take the rule of mediating effect, which is reflected in the aspect of immature coping. Conclusion Personality trait and coping style have an influence on psychological health of medical college students. Personality factors influence psychological health in an indirect manner.%目的 医学生作为未来从事健康服务的医务人员的主体,其心理健康状况受到越来越多的关注.文中探讨人格特质、应对方式对医学生心理健康的影响方式和途径,为进一步开展针对性心理干预提供科学依据和指导. 方法 对100名医学生进行症状自评量表( SCL-90)、艾森克个性问卷(Eysenck personality questionnaire,EPQ)与应对方式问卷(copingstyle questionnaire,CSQ)测评与分析. 结果 ①症状自评量表总均分,以及强迫、抑郁、焦虑和精神病性因子分

  17. The relationship between coping style of the parents of children with cerebral palsy and social support%脑瘫患儿家长应对方式与社会支持的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金燕; 彭宇阁

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To study the coping style of parents of the children with cerebral palsy, and to explore the relationship between the coping style and social support Methods; Sixty - one parents of children with cerebral palsy were studied by using Medical Coping Modes Questionnaire (MCMQ) and Social Support Rating Scale (SSRS) . Results; The score of surrender and avoidance of parents of cerebral palsy were higher than the normal level (P < 0. 01); the score of face dimension was positively correlated with social support ( P < 0. 01), and the score of surrender and avoidance both were negatively related in social support (P <0.05) . Conclusion; The coping style of parents of the children with cerebral palsy is tend to be surrender and avoidance. They have higher social support, they will use more positive coping style,%目的:探讨脑瘫患儿家长医学应对方式趋向与获得社会支持程度的相关性.方法:采用医学应对问卷(MCMQ)和社会支持评定量表(SSRS)对61名脑瘫患儿家长进行调查.结果:脑瘫患儿家长回避和屈服维度得分较高,与国内常模相比差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);脑瘫患儿家长面对维度得分与社会支持得分呈正相关(P<0.01),回避和屈服维度得分与社会支持得分呈负相关(P<0.05).结论:脑瘫患儿家长应对方式趋向于回避和屈服,家长获得的社会支持程度越高,越趋向于积极的应对方式.

  18. Relationship among Depression and Life events 、Coping styles of Medical students%医学生抑郁与生活事件、应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱云柯; 李同舟; 吴丹; 吴秀娟

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To explore the relationship between depression and life events of medical students ,check the mediating effect of coping styles between them and provide basis for the psychological health education of medical college .Methods :Students of Xuzhou Medical College were asked to complete the questionnaire survey consist of self- reported depression scale(SDS) ,adolescent life event scale(ASLEC)and simple coping style questionnaire(SCSQ) . Results :The rate of depression in medical students was 32 .23% ,medical students'depression score had significant differences between gender ,grade and major(P < 0 .01) .Depression and life events ,coping styles were related with each other(P < 0 .01) ,coping styles had partial mediating effect between life events and depression .Conclusion :Cop‐ing styles has partial mediating effect between life events and depression of medical students .%目的:探讨医学生抑郁与生活事件的关系,检验应对方式在两者间的中介作用,以期为医学院校心理健康教育提供依据。方法:采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ )对徐州医学院的在校医学生进行问卷调查。结果:医学生的抑郁检出率为32.23%,不同性别、年级和专业的医学生抑郁得分有统计学差异(P <0.01),抑郁与生活事件、应对方式均两两相关(P <0.01),应对方式在抑郁和生活事件中起着部分中介作用。结论:应对方式在医学生的抑郁与生活事件之间存在着部分中介作用。

  19. 体育锻炼对中专学生抑郁状态与应对方式之影响%A Study of the Sports Exercises' Enfluence on Vocational Students' Coping Style and Depressive State

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余梅英

    2011-01-01

    采用自评抑郁量表(SDS)、简单应对方式问卷、体育锻炼调查问卷来探讨体育锻炼对中专学生应对方式与抑郁状态的影响,结果显示:高体育锻炼次数的学生比低体育锻炼次数的学生在遇到困难时采取积极应对方式的概率高,低体育锻炼次数的学生比高体育锻炼次数的学生在遇到困难时采取消极应对方式的概率高;中专学生的抑郁状态对其应对方式也存在影响,抑郁组的学生遇到打击时,采取积极应对方式的次数比非抑郁组的学生少,而采取消极应对方式的次数比非抑郁组的学生多。%The paper explores and discusses the sports exercises' enfluence on vocational students' coping style and depression state and in terms of self rating depression scale,simple coping questionares and sports exercises questionaires.Its rusults shows that vocational school students who have more physical exercise times adopt positive coping with higher probability than the students have low physical exercise times in the face of difficulties,and the vocational school students who have less physical exercise times adopt negative coping with higher probability than the students have more physical exercise times in the face of difficulties.When the vocational students face setbacks,the number of students in depression team who adopt active coping style is less than that in non-depression team,and the times of negative coping style of depression team are more than that of non-depression team students.

  20. 肿瘤患儿父母照顾负担和积极应对方式状况及其相关性%Correlation between caregivers′burden and the coping style among parents of cancer children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶增杰; 骆东妹; 梁木子; 曾珍; 朱云飞; 胡光云; 全小明

    2016-01-01

    Objective To investigate the level of caregivers′burden and the coping style among parents of cancer children. Methods Totally, 229 parents of cancer children participated in the investigation by Chinese version of zarit burden interview (ZBI), Chinese version of coping health inventory for parents (CHIP) and self-designed general information questionnaire. The associations between caregivers′burden and coping styles were tested by Spearman correlation analysis. Results The caregiver′s burden on the parents was in the middle level with a total score of (30.50 ± 12.24). The coping style the parents took most frequently was to unite the family and keep a positive attitude and regard it as most effective. The caregiver′s burden was negatively associated with the positive coping style . Conclusion The parents of cancerous children suffer from middle level of burden . Nurses should assess the caregiver′s burden, provide targeted interventions to relieve it, help the to establish effective coping style and change their psychological and mental state and ultimately improve their quality of life.%目的 了解肿瘤患儿父母照顾负担以及积极应对方式状况,并探讨两者的相关性,为制订降低患儿父母照顾负担的对策提供理论依据.方法 采用一般情况调查表,照顾负担量表(zarit burden interview,ZBI),父母应对方式量表(coping health inventory for parents,CHIP)对229名肿瘤患儿父母进行调查,患儿父母照顾负担和应对方式的相关性采用Spearman相关性分析.结果 患儿父母照顾负担总得分为(30.50±12.24)分;患儿父母采用较多的前8项积极应对方式主要是来自"团结这个家庭以及对未来保持希望"的应对方式;患儿父母照顾负担与积极应对方式呈负相关(P<0.05).结论 肿瘤患儿父母照顾负担处于中等水平.护理人员应对肿瘤患儿父母照顾负担及时进行评估,并采取相应的措施缓解这种负担压力,帮助其建

  1. 应对方式对脑卒中患者自我概念的影响研究%Influence study of coping style on self-concept in stroke patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李娜

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between the coping styles and their self-concept in stroke patients, thus to provide evidence for clinical psychological intervention. Methods 100 cases of stroke patients and 100 healthy people were investigated by coping style questionnaire (CSQ) and Tennessee self concept scale (TSCS), and the results were analyzed by SPSS. Results Stroke patients scored significantly lower in positive coping items in CSQ and significantly higher in negative coping items than the healthy subjects (P < 0.01). Stroke patients scored significantly higher in self-criticism factor in TSCS than the healthy subjects, while their physical self, mental self, social self, family self, self-identity, self-action and self-satisfaction scores were significant lower than those of the healthy subjects (P < 0.01). Coping styles and self-concept were correlated. Conclusion Stroke patients have negative coping style and poor self-concept level and the two factors are correlated. Clinical health care workers should be concerned about stroke patients' coping styles and self-concept status and implement targeted and effective intervention programs, in order to better promote the patients' physical and mental rehabilitation.%目的 探讨脑卒中患者应对方式和自我概念的关系,为临床心理干预提供依据.方法 对100例脑卒中患者和100例健康者采用应对方式问卷(CSQ)和田纳西自我概念量表(TSCS)进行调查,结果输入SPSS统计软件进行比较分析.结果 脑卒中患者CSQ中的积极应对分明显低于健康者,而消极应对得分明显高于健康者,差异有统计学意义(P < 0.01).脑卒中患者TSCS中的自我批评因子分明显高于健康者,而生理自我、心理自我、社会自我、家庭自我、自我认同、自我行动、自我满意等因子分明显低于健康者(P < 0.01).应对方式与自我概念具有相关性.结论 脑卒中患者应对方式及自我概念水平较差,应对

  2. Relationship between Coping Style,Learning Burnout and Academic Procrastination of College Students%大学生应对方式、学习倦怠与学业拖延的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐明津; 杨新国; 吴柑澜; 黄雪雯

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the relationship between coping style ,learning burnout and aca-demic procrastination .Methods:A total of 331 college students were tested with the Undergraduate Learn-ing Burnout Scale ,the Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and the Procrastination Assessment Scale -Students.Results:Firstly,coping styles of college students was positive ,their learning burnout was in me-dium level and they had a certain degree of academic procrastination;Secondly ,the negative coping style was positively related to learning burnout (r=0.234,P<0.01)and academic procrastination (r=0.200, P<0.01),academic procrastination was significantly correlated to learning burnout (r =0.366,P <0.01);Thirdly,mediating effect test was showed that learning burnout ,whose mediating effect accounted for 42 .38%of the total effect ,partially mediated the relationship between negative coping style and aca-demic procrastination .Conclusion:The more negative coping style of college students is , the higher the learning burnout level is ,and that deepened their academic procrastination .%目的:探讨应对方式、学习倦怠与学业拖延的关系。方法:采用简易应对方式问卷、大学生学习倦怠问卷、学生版拖延评估量表对331名大学生的应对方式、学习倦怠与学业拖延情况进行测量。结果:①大学生应对方式积极,学习倦怠得分处于中等水平并存在一定程度的学业拖延;②消极应对与学习倦怠(r=0.234,P<0.01)、学业拖延呈显著正相关(r=0.200,P<0.01),学习倦怠与学业拖延呈显著正相关(r=0.366,P<0.01);③中介检验发现,学习倦怠在消极应对方式与学业拖延之间起部分中介的作用,中介效应占总效应的423.8%。结论:学生的应对方式越消极,学习倦怠程度越高,进而导致学业拖延程度加深。

  3. The relationship among medical undergraduate students' perfectionism, coping style and employment anxiety%医学毕业生完美主义人格、应对方式与就业焦虑的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张斌; 邱致燕; 蒋怀滨; 王叶飞; 郑珏琳

    2014-01-01

    探讨应对方式在医学毕业生完美主义人格与就业焦虑关系中的中介效应,为减轻医学毕业生就业焦虑提供依据。采用 Frost 多维完美主义量表、简易应对方式问卷、就业焦虑问卷对220名大学毕业生进行调查研究。就业不安在性别上存在显著差异,女生显著高于男生。工作焦虑在专业上存在显著差异,医学生显著高于非医学生。适应不良完美主义、消极应对方式与就业焦虑均呈显著正相关。消极应对方式在适应不良完美主义与就业焦虑关系中起部分中介作用,中介效应占总效应的13.2%。适应不良完美主义人格和消极应对方式是影响就业焦虑的重要因素,应避免适应不良完美主义的消极作用,降低消极应对方式的使用频率,从而减少毕业生的就业焦虑。%Objective: To explore the mediating effect of coping style on perfectionism and employment anxiety among medical undergraduate students, and to provide evidence for alleviating their employment anxiety. Methods: A total of 220 undergraduate students were selected and demanded to complete the Frost multidimensional perfectionism scale, coping style questionnaire and employment anxiety questionnaire. Results:The results showed the following:(1)the female undergraduate students showed more employment uneasy than the male students, and the medical students showed more job anxiety than the non-medical students.(2)There were significantly positive correlations among maladaptive perfectionism, negative coping style and employment anxiety. (3)Negative coping style partially mediated the relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and employment anxiety. Maladaptive perfectionism and negative coping style played important roles in undergraduate students' employment anxiety, and the mediating effect covered 13.2% of the total effect. Conclusion: We should avoid the negative influences of the maladaptive perfectionism and

  4. 伴有自杀意念抑郁症患者人格与应对方式的研究%Research of personality and coping styles in depressive patients with suicidal ideation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴立磊; 邹韶红; 热娜古丽·艾买江; 莫煊

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the personality,coping styles and their correlation in depression with suicidal ideation. Method:Ninety-three patients with depression were investigated and evaluated by general situation questionnaire,Hamilton depression rating scale( HRSD),suicidal ideation self-evaluation scale (SIOSS),Eysenck personality questionnaire(EPQ)and simple coping styles questionnaire(SCSQ). Results:According to the SIOSS score,93 cases were divided into suicidal ideation(SI)group(SIOSS≥12,57 cases) and non-suicidal ideation(NSI)group(SIOSS ﹤ 12,36 cases). The scores of EPQ-psychoticism(P)and-neu-roticism(N)in SI group were significantly higher than NSI group(all P ﹤ 0. 05);the scores of EPQ-extrover-sion-introversion(E)and lie factor(L)were significantly lower than NSI group(all P ﹤ 0. 05). The score of SCSQ-positive coping styles in SI group was significantly lower than NSI group(P ﹤ 0. 05). The scores of EPQ-P,-N in SI group were negatively correlated with the score of SCSQ-positive coping styles;the score of EPQ-E was positively correlated with the score of SCSQ-positive coping styles(all P ﹤ 0. 05). Conclusion:The per-sonality of depressions with suicidal ideation are of emotional instability,introverted,and positive coping style is less. This may affect their extreme ways to solve the problem.%目的:探讨伴自杀意念的抑郁症患者人格与应对方式及两者的相关性。方法:采用一般情况调查表和汉密尔顿抑郁量表(HRSD)、自杀意念自评量表(SIOSS)、艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)及简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)对93例抑郁症患者进行调查和评估。结果:根据 SIOSS 评分93例抑郁症患者分为自杀意念组(SIOSS≥12分,57例)和非自杀意念组(SIOSS ﹤12分,36例);自杀意念组 EPQ 精神质(P)、神经质(N)分显著高于非自杀意念组(P 均﹤0.05);外向-内向(E)、掩饰因子(L)分显著低于非自杀意念组(P 均﹤0

  5. A path analysis on life events, impulsive personality, coping style and suicidal ideation%大学生生活事件冲动人格及应对方式对自杀意念的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛朝霞; 梁九清

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨生活事件、冲动人格及应对方式影响大学生自杀意念的路径模型图,为自杀的预防和干预提供依据.方法 对整群随机抽取的某医科大学928名大学生施测生活事件量表(ASLEC)、冲动人格问卷(BIS - CV)、应对方式问卷(CSQ)和自杀意念量表(SIOSS),并进行相关和复回归分析,探讨冲动人格和应对方式在生活事件和自杀意念之间的中介作用.结果 相关分析结果显示:生活事件、冲动人格及应对方式与自杀意念均呈显著正相关(P值均<0.01).复回归结果显示:有6条路径显著影响大学生自杀意念,应对方式对自杀意念产生直接影响;冲动人格既可以直接影响自杀意念,也可以通过应对方式间接影响自杀意念;生活事件既可以直接影响自杀意念,也可以通过冲动人格和应对方式的中介对自杀意念产生间接影响.结论 冲动人格和应对方式在生活事件对自杀意念的影响过程中起到重要的中介作用.%Objective To analyze the relationships between life events, impulsive personality, coping style and suicidal i-deation. Methods About 928 medical freshmen were asked to complete the ASLEC, BIS - CV, CSQ and SIOSS. Correlation and multiple regression analysis were conducted to determine the path model. Results Life events, impulsive personality and coping style were significantly correlated with suicidal ideation (P <0. 01). Suicidal ideation was influenced directly by impulsive trait and coping style respectively, while impulsive trait influenced suicidal ideation through coping style. Life events performed influence on suicidal ideation directly or indirectly through impulsive trait and coping style. Conclusion During the life events' influence on suicidal ideation, impulsive trait and coping style act as important mediators.

  6. 孤独症儿童家长应对方式及影响因素的研究%Study of parents’ coping style on children with autism and its influence factors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安力彬; 李文涛; 毕云霄; 王淑娟

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the current status of parents’ coping style on children with autism and analyze its influence factors.Methods Totaled of 93 parents of children with autism were investigated by the Chinese version of F - COPES.Results The mean total score of F - COPES for participants in this study population was 95.95 ± 11.74.The factors that showed a statistically significant irfluence on participants’ scores were family income,the attitude of parents towards autism and mother~ age (P < 0.05).Conclusions When they face family stress,parents of children with autism take some measures.Family income,the attitude of parents towards autism and mother's age are main influence factors of the parents’ coping style.%目的 调查孤独症儿童家长的应对现状,并分析其影响因素.方法 采用F - COPES中文版对93名孤独症儿童家长进行调查.结果 孤独症儿童家长的F - COPES总分为(95.95±11.74);不同家庭人均月收入、对待孩子病情的态度、母亲年龄的F - COPES得分差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 家长能面对孩子患孤独症这一家庭压力并采取一定的应对措施;家庭人均月收入、对待孩子病情的态度、母亲年龄是孤独症儿童家长应对方式的主要影响因素.

  7. Correlation between psychological states and coping styles of primary caregivers of stroke patients%脑卒中患者主要照顾者心理状态与应对方式状况及其相关性*

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜丽娜; 徐宏; 岳仕鸿; 孟令伶

    2013-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation between psychological state and coping styles of primary caregivers of stroke patients.Method 286 primary caregivers were screened out by the random sampling method for the investigation of their psychological states and coping styles using SCL-90 and the medical coping modes questionnaire(MCMQ).Results There were significant differences between primary caregivers and Chinese norm in terms of all factors(P<0.01).The major caregivers with higher education were scored significantly lower than those with less education on the factors of depression,anxiety,hostility,fear,psychoticism (P<0.01).There were significant different differences between primary caregivers and Chinese norm in coping style(P<0.01): the score on confrontation in the coping style lower than the norm while the score on avoidance in the coping style higher than in norm.The confrontation and avoidance in the primary caregivers were negatively correlated to the factors of SCL-90(P<0.05)and yielding in the coping style positively to the factors of SCL-90(P<0.05).Conclusions The primary caregivers of stroke patients are at the poor psychological states and they tend to take the passive and negative coping styles.The more they take active coping style,the better their mental states grow and vise versa.Therefore,the caregivers need professional training so that they can use the supports from their families and be encouraged to speak out their poor moods.Post-discharge visits to them,besides,are helpful for the improved psychological states for the improvement of their quality of life.%  目的探讨脑卒中患者主要照顾者心理状态与应对方式状况及其相关性。方法采用便利取样法选取脑卒中患者主要照顾者286名,采用症状自评量表(symptom check list 90,SCL-90)、医学应对方式问卷(medical coping modes questionnaire ,MCMQ)调查照顾者心理状况及其应对方式状况。了解脑卒中患者主要照顾

  8. 空中战勤人员人格特质与应对方式关系的研究%Relationship between Personality Trait and Coping Style of Air Service Staff

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚林; 郑真; 朱元元; 潘雪飞; 顾栩栩; 王瑶; 林玲; 杨茜雯

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨空中战勤人员的人格特质、行为应对方式特点及相互关系,为培养和选拔合格空中战勤人员提供参考依据.方法 采用卡特尔16种人格因素问卷、特质应对方式问卷对170名空中战勤人员进行评定.统计处理采用Spearman相关分析.结果 适应与焦虑型因子、内向与外向型因子低分者居多,而感情与安详型、懦弱与果断型因子高分者偏多.积极应对高分者所占比例较高.适应与焦虑型、内向与外向型、感情与安详型与积极应对、消极应对方式存在高度相关性(-0.546≤r≤0.654,P<0.01).结论 空中战勤人员具有较好的心理素质,胜任空中战勤特殊的工作任务.%Objective To explore the characteristics and interrelationship of personality trait and coping style of air service staff, and supply reference for culturing and selecting qualified air service staff. Methods Cattell's 16 Personality Factors Questionnaire (16PF) and Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) were applied for 170 air service staff. Spearman correlation analysis was performed. Results Most subjects had low scores in the adaptation/anxiety and introversion/extraversion factors, had high scores in sensitiveness/quietness and independence factors, and had high scores in positive coping style. The adaptation/anxiety, introversion/extraversion factors and sensitiveness/quietness factors were highly correlated with the positive and negative coping styles ( -0. 546≤r≤0. 654, P<0. 01). Conclusion The air service staff have excellent psychological quality and are qualified for the specific work and mission of air service. It is suggested that the selection, training and management of this special population is effective.

  9. 精神分裂症患者家属心理健康状况与应对方式的相关性%Correlation between Mental Health and Coping Style of Family Members of Patients with Schizophrenia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯辉; 陈玉明; 庄晓伟; 刘寒

    2016-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation between the mental health of family members of patients with schizophrenia and their coping style. Methods From December, 2014 to January, 2015, a total of 312 family members of patients with schizophrenia in 5 blocks were included. They were surveyed with self-made questionnaire, Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS), Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire. The results were compared with the national normal model, and the correlation between SDS, SAS and the coping style was also analyzed. Results Compared with the normal model, the SDS (t=34.39, P<0.001), SAS (t=73.09, P<0.001) scores were higher in schizophrenia families, and they used positive coping style (n=128, 41%) less (t=-16.70, P<0.001), and more often used negative coping style (n=184, 59%) (t=-66.24, P<0.001). The SDS (r=-0.14, P<0.05), SAS (r=-0.15, P=0.01) scores were negatively correlated with positive coping style, the SAS score was positively correlated with negative coping style (r=0.27, P<0.001). Multivariate Lo-gistic regression analysis showed that women were prone to be anxiety and depressed compared with men (P<0.05); the divorcees were prone to be depressed compared with thoses not divorced. Education level and average monthly household income were factors influencing their coping style (P<0.05). Conclusion The mental health of family members of patients with schizophrenia is not optimistic, the female family members are more likely to be depressed and anxious than males. People with low education level and poor economic conditions more often use negative coping style, which need to be focused on, and to take appropriate and effective intervention.%目的:探讨精神分裂症患者家属心理健康状况与应对方式的相关性。方法2014年12月~2015年1月,应用自制调查问卷、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)和简易应对方式量表对辖区5个街道内312名精神分裂症患者家

  10. 高校留级生的学业倦怠与应对方式的调查研究%INVESTIGATION AND RESEARCH ABOUT THE ACADEMIC BURNOUT AND COPING STYLE OF THE STAYED-DOWN STUDENTS IN COLLEGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周喜华

    2011-01-01

    [目的]了解高校留级生的学业倦怠与应对方式的状况及其相互关系,为高校心理健康教育及其心理辅导实践提供依据.[方法]随机选取陕西2所高校83名留级生,采用大学生学习倦怠量表和应付方式问卷对选取对象进行调查.[结果]高校留级生的学业倦怠水平较高,处于学业倦怠状态的被试69人,占85%,男性留级生相比女性学业倦怠状态更为明显(P<0.05);高校留级生的应对方式以消极应对方式为主且男女差异显著;高校留级生的学业倦怠与其应对方式相关.[结论]高校留级生的学业倦怠状态较为严重且与应对方式相关;应提培养高校留级生积极的应对方式,以缓解其学业倦怠.%[Objective]To research the academic burnout and coping style of the stayed-down students in college.[Methods]Adopted the College Students' Academic Burnout Questionnaire and Coping Style Questionnaire to investigate 83 stayed-down students in two colleges in Shanxi.[Results]The level of academic burnout of students was high, 69 students (85%) were at the level of academic burnout.There was a sexual distinction between them; there was an obvious relationship between the coping style and academic burnout of stayed-down students in college.[Conclusion]It shows that their coping style has a great effect to their level of academic burnout.

  11. Influence of perzonality characteristics and coping style on medication compliance of hypertension patients in com-munity%社区高血压病人人格特征和应对方式对服药依从性的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈凡凡; 杨连招; 李捷; 胡艳宁; 莫新少; 廖康兴; 杨永; 陈玲; 唐榕英

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the influence of personality characteristics and coping style on medication compliance of hypertension patients in community.Methods:A total of 1 96 patients were assessed by using Chi-na Big Five Personality Questionnaire short version,medical coping questionnaire and Morisky's medication compliance scale.Results:Medication compliance of hypertension patients in community was poor.Different medication compliance in patients,the coping styles were different.The medication compliance of patients with hypertension was related to personality characteristics including the nervous,strict,outward and coping style of the face,avoid and yield.Conclusion:Medical personnel should be based on the different personality characteris-tics of patients to adopt targeting cognitive behavioral therapy for the patients,and then make them actively cope,so as to improve their medication compliance.%[目的]探讨社区高血压病人人格特征和应对方式对服药依从性的影响。[方法]运用中国大五人格问卷简版、医学应对问卷和 Morisky 服药依从性量表对196名社区高血压病人进行测评。[结果]社区高血压病人服药依从性不佳;病人服药依从性不同,其应对方式不同;高血压病人的服药依从性与人格特征的神经质、严谨性、外向性及应对方式的面对、回避和屈服相关。[结论]医务人员应根据病人不同的人格特征采用针对性的认知行为疗法,使病人积极应对,从而提高其服药依从性。

  12. Analysis on general well-being and trait coping style of female nurses from island areas%海岛地区女护士群体总体幸福感与特质应对方式的相关分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽平; 郑舟军

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between general well-being and trait coping style of female nurses from island areas. Method Assess 379 female nurses by General Well-being Scale and Trait Coping Style Scale and analyze their general well-being and trait coping style. Result General well-being of female nurses is good. There is significant difference on general well-being and trait coping style between nurses with different age and work seniority. General well-being has positive correlation with positive coping style and negative correlation with negative coping style. Stcpwise regression a-nalysis shows that trait coping style, age and work seniority have significant influence on subjective well-being. Conclusion General well-being of female nurses from island areas is closely related to their trait coping style. Positive coping style can help improve their well-being.%目的 探讨海岛地区女护士总体幸福感与特质应对方式的关系.方法 对379名女护士分别采用总体幸福感量表和特质应对方式量表进行测量,分析女护士的总体幸福感及应对方式.结果 女护士的总体幸福感良好,不同年龄、工作年限女护士的总体幸福感和消极应对方式比较,差异有统计学意义;总体幸福感与特质应对方式存在相关性,与积极应对方式呈正相关,与消极应对方式呈负相关.逐步回归分析表明特质应对方式、年龄、工作年限对主观幸福感有显著影响.结论 海岛地区女护士的总体幸福感与特质应对方式密切相关,积极应对方式有助于提高护士的幸福感.

  13. Analysis of metal health and coping style of alcohol dependence%酒依赖患者心理健康状况及应对方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    席巧真; 刘玉兰; 周雷

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the mental health and coping style among alcohol dependence. Methods:Totally 158 alcohol dependence receiving treatment in in-patient andout-patient form Qingdao Mental Health Center were recruited form january 2013 to December 2014. The subjects were investigated by Self-reporting Inventory(SCL-90),Self-Rating Anxiety Scale(SAS),Self-Rating Depression Scale(SDS),Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire(SCSQ)and self-made questionnaire. Results:The total scores ang the subscale scores of somatization,interpersonal sensitivity,depression,anxiety,terror and paranoid of SCL-90,score of SDS(52. 37 ± s10. 65),and score of SAS(48. 87 ± s6. 59)among alcohol dependence were higher than normal population,and the difference was statistically significant;Their coping style were negative,Negative coping score of lcohol dependence was positively correlated with total score of SCL-90,somatization symptoms,interpersonal sensitivity,anxiety,depression,terror and paranoidforced factor. Conclusion:Anxiety and depression status of alcohol dependence were higher than normal population. Their coping style was negative. The mental health status may be closely associated with coping styles and we should strengthen psychological health education for alcohol dependence.%目的:探讨酒依赖患者心理健康状况及其应对方式。方法:对2013年1月~2014年12月在青岛市精神卫生中心门诊及住院治疗的158例酒依赖患者采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)、焦虑自评量表(SAS)、抑郁自评量表(SDS)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)和自编的基本情况调查问卷,对酒依赖患者进行心理健康状况评定及应对方式调查。结果:酒精所致精神障碍患者SCL-90总分、躯体化、人际敏感、抑郁、焦虑、恐怖与偏执、SDS 得分(52.37± s10.65)、SAS(48.87± s6.59)得分均高于常模,差异有统计学意义;应对方式以消极为主,酒

  14. Relationship among the anxious symptoms, coping styles and personality traits in patients with depression%抑郁症患者焦虑症状、应付方式与人格特征的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭瑛; 郭文斌; 王国强

    2007-01-01

    用积极的应付方式.③较少采用积极的应付方式可纳入人格特质的内外向维度之中.%BACKGROUND: There are different reports on the comorbidity rates of anxiety and depression. In the pathopsychology of depression, it is unclear for the relationship between coping styles and personality in depressive patient accompanied with anxiety disorders.OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between coping styles and personality in depressive patient with anxious disorders.DESIGN: A case-control study.SETTTNG: Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University; Hunan Brain Hospital.PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-eight patients with depression were selected from the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and Hunan Brain Hospital from June 2002 to January 2003. Ninety subjects were selected as normal control group from the employees or their family members, health volunteers in the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University and Sun Yat-sen University.METHODS: All the subjects were surveyed with self-rating depression scale (SDS), self-rating anxiety scale (SAS), coping style questionnaire and Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ).MATN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Comparison of the scores of SDS, SAS, coping styles questionnaire and EPQ between the depressive group and normal control group; ② Comparison of the scores of SDS, SAS, coping styles questionnaire and EPQ between the depressive patients with and without anxious symptoms. ③ Pearson correlation analysis and stepwise regression analysis of all the indexes in the depressive group.RESULTS: ① All the 178 subjects were involved in the final analysis of results. ① The total scores of SDS and SAS, the scores of psychoticism and neuroticism of EPQ in the depressive group were significantly higher than those in the normal control group, but the score of introversion-extraversion of EPQ and passive coping style were lower than those in the control group. ② The total scores of SDS and SAS

  15. Relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style in junior high school students%初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜蕾

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the relationship between social support,self-acceptance and coping style,to provide the basis for coping with pressure positively. [Method] Social Support Rating Scale, Self-Acceptance Scale, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire were used in 355 Dezhou junior high school students. (Results] 1) Junior high school students' self-acceptance, social support and active coping style were significantly different in the dimension that whether they're class cadre(P1 =0. 037,P2 =0. 000,P3 =0. 001) ;2)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with self-acceptance(r1 =0. 314,r2 =0. 279). They also had positive predict ability to itj3)The subjective support and the use of support were significantly positive related with active coping style(r1 =0. 408.r2 =0. 341). They also had positive predict ability to it; the objective support and the use of support were significantly negative related with negative coping style(r1 =- 0. 114,r2 =- 0. 122). They also had positive predict ability to it;4)the dimensions of self-acceptance were positive related with active coping style and had positive predict ability to it; the dimension self-acceptance was negative related with negative coping style and had positive predict ability to it(r=-0. 241). [Conclusions] Students should be encouraged to take more work as students' leaders to improve the level of social support and self-acceptance so that they can take positive steps when coping with pressure.%[目的] 探讨初中生社会支持、自我接纳与应对方式的关系,旨在为培养初中生积极应对生活压力提供依据. [方法] 采用社会支持评定量表、自我接纳量表、简易应对方式量表对德州355名初中生进行问卷调查. [结果] 1)初中生自我接纳、社会支持和积极应对在是否是班干部维度上差异均有统计学意义(P1=0.037,P2 =0.000,P3=0.001,P均<0.05);2)社会支持的主观支持和对支持的利用度两

  16. Coping and sickness absence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rhenen, W. van; Schaufeli, W.B.; Dijk, F.J.H. van; Blonk, R.W.B.

    2008-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of this study is to examine the role of coping styles in sickness absence. In line with findings that contrast the reactive-passive focused strategies, problem-solving strategies are generally associated with positive results in terms of well-being and overall health outcomes; ou

  17. Coping styles and social support among Shanghai middle-school students who met criteria for internet addiction%上海市网络成瘾中学生的应对方式与社会支持

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江文庆; 杜亚松; 辛秦; 赵滢; 蒋良函

    2011-01-01

    Background: Stressful life events are common precipitants of internet addiction in youth. The mechanism by which stress leads to addictive behavior is mediated by an individual's copying style and method of seeking social support.Objective: Assess the social support networks and coping mechanisms employed by middle-school students who meet criteria for internet addiction.Method: 205 students who met Beard's criteria for Internet addiction and had associated functional impairment based on a clinical interview were identified and 176 ( 85.9% ) of them completed self-completion questionnaires that assessed coping style ( a Chines adaptation of the Coping Style Questionnaire) and social support ( the Social Support Scale developed in China). The results were compared to those of 352 students(2-to-1 matched for age and gender) who did not meet criteria for internet addiction.Results: Compared to students without internet addiction, those with internet addiction had significantly lower mean scores on the problem-solving subscale and the asking for help subscale of the Coping Style Questionnaire, but they had higher scores on the self-blame subscale and the fantasy subscale. The mean total score, subjective support subscale score, and utilization of support subscale score of the Social Support Scale were significantly lower in the internet addiction group. Logistic regression analysis found that internet addiction was independently related to decreased use of problem-solving coping styles, increased use of fantasy and self-blame coping styles, and decreased utilization of available social support.Conclusion: Among middle-school students internet addiction is associated with poor psychological coping styles and with a lack of utilization of available social support. Further research is needed to determine whether or not promotion of positive coping styles in students and training to develop and use social support networks will prevent internet addiction or ameliorate its

  18. 心理压力和消极事件应对方式对青少年情绪的影响%Mental stress,coping style and their correlating with emotion of adolescent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙琦; 郑钢

    2008-01-01

    目的 探讨青少年心理压力和对消极事件应对方式的特点,研究心理压力和对消极事件应对方式对青少年情绪的影响.方法 以五城市的5870名中学生为被试,采用心理压力问卷、消极事件应对方式量表和简明心境量表进行测量.结果 ①心理压力各因子平均分显示青少年升学压力较大[(3.31±0.91)分];应对方式平均分显示青少年更倾向于用外向的应对方式应对消极事件.②方差分析结果表明,家庭压力男生[(2.11±1.25)分]显著高于女生[(2.04±1.19)分] (P<0.05),升学、形象压力均女生显著高于男生(P<0.01);女生较男生更倾向于用外向的应对方式[(3.11±0.77)分 vs (2.77±0.81)分](P<0.01);随着年级增长,青少年除家庭压力外的其他各种心理压力增大,并逐渐倾向于内向的应对方式.③心理压力和应对方式对情绪的回归分析表明,各种心理压力对消极情绪有正向预测效应,对积极情绪有负向预测作用(P<0.001);外向应对方式对积极情绪有正向预测效应,内向应对方式对消极情绪有正向预测效应(P<0.001).结论 青少年升学压力较大,男生和女生对消极事件应对方式有不同的特点,随着年级的增高青少年除家庭压力外的其他压力都呈升高趋势,同时青少年对消极事件逐渐转向内向的应对方法.心理压力和应对方式对青少年情绪有预测能力.%Objective To understand adolescent's mental stress, coping style and their correlating with emotion. Methods This research, in order to be tried with 5870 middle school students, adopt Mental Stress Questionnaire, Coping Style Scale and Profile of Mood States. Results Compared with male students, female students had higher scores on stress from school work achievement and appearance(P<0.05) and lower scores on stress from family[(2.04±1.19)vs(2.11±1.25)](P<0.05),also they had higher sores on extra-coping style[(3.11±0.77)vs(2.77±0.81)](P

  19. 女子院校高职生心理压力及压力应对方式的调查研究%A Research about the Mental Stress and Stress Coping Styles of the Students in Women's College

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾艳芬

    2015-01-01

    The research tried to understand the mental stress and Stress coping styles of the students in Women's College through questionnaire. It shows that the mental stress of the students in Women's College is in a certain condition, also brings out the differences between the majors, the origin and if only-child or not;their stress coping styles should be posi-tive primarily.%本研究以女子学院高职生为调查对象,通过问卷法其压力状况及压力应对方式进行调查.结果表明,女子院校高职生心理压力总体处于轻度水平,并且显示出了专业、生源地、独生与否等变量上的差异;而其压力应对方式主要以积极应对方式为主.

  20. Investigation and analysis of the coping styles to frustration among the young migrant workers in Shenzhen%深圳市年轻外来劳务工挫折应对调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍和; 陈素文; 向宗华; 陈永清; 刘家荣

    2014-01-01

    目的:了解年轻劳务工应对挫折的方式,评估90后外来劳务工的心理状况并分析影响因素,为开展针对性心理卫生工作提供科学依据。方法整群抽样,对盐田区几家大型工厂的90后外来劳务工发放简易应对方式问卷,回收后进行描述性统计分析、t检验及方差分析等。结果该测评中,90后外来劳务工的积极应对、消极应对方式分与常模比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。深圳市90后外来劳务工的简易应对方式的积极应对因子分的均值为1.85(SD=0.44),高于常模平均分;消极应对因子分的均值为1.14(SD=0.52),低于常模平均分;说明深圳市盐田区90后外来劳务工的应对方式处于较好的状态;积极应对因子中有159人属于异常状态,检出率为25.9%;消极应对因子中有238人属于异常状态,检出率为38.8%(238/614)。说明本测验有一部分人员存在心理卫生问题。不同年龄以及不同文化程度的应对因子检出率比较,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.001);在积极应对因子的维度上,在学历变量上比较,差异有统计学意义(F=4.015,P<0.05);在消极应对因子的维度上,在性别变量上比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论深圳市盐田区90后劳务工的应对方式处于较好的状态,但也有部分劳务工消极应对方式倾向明显,容易产生心理卫生问题。性别和学历对应对方式影响较大。%Objective To understand the coping styles to frustration of young migrant workers ,evaluate the mental status of post-90s generation migrant workers and analyze the influencing factors ,in order to provide scientific basis for the implementa-tion of pertinence mental health work. Methods Cluster sampling was adopted to post-90s generation migrant workers in large factories in Yantian district by simplified coping style questionnaire,descriptive analysis

  1. Assciation of quality of life with work-family conflict and coping style among civil servans%公务员生存质量、工作家庭冲突与应对方式关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡春梅; 何华敏; 何利

    2013-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between the quality of life and work-family conflict and coping style.Methods Totally 514 civil servants completed the World Health Organization Quality of Life Instrument,Short Form(WHOQOL-BREF),work-family conflict scale,and coping style scale.Results Among the civil servants,the average score was 3.17 ±0.91 for total quality of life,3.13 ±2.40 for physical dimension,3.08 ±2.17 for psycholoical dimension,2.97 ± 2.69 for enviroment,and 3.14 ± 1.26 for social relationship; the factor score was 3.01 ± 1.69 for overall work-family conflict(WFC),3.06 ± 0.18 for time-based work-interference-work(TWIF),3.02 ± 1.67 for stressbased work-interference-family(SWIF),2.88 ± 1.54 for bahavior-based work-interference-family(BWIF),2.99 ± 1.74 for time-based family-interference-work (TFIW),3.05 ± 1.86 for stress-based family-interference-family,and 3.05 ±1.54 for behavior-based family-interference-work(BFIW),respectirely.The score for general coping style,positive coping,and negative coping was 2.61 ± 0.29,2.67 ± 0.26,and 2.54 ± 0.30.The total score of quality of life was inversely correlated to all dimensions of work-family conflict (P < 0.05 for all),except for TWIF.The overall score of coping style was positively correlated to all dimensions of quality of life scone(P < 0.05).Positive coping,negative coping and SWIF were predictors of quality of life.Conclusion The quality of life of civil servants is at moderate level.Work-family conflict and coping style can influence the quality of life and coping style and SWIF are predicting factors of quality of life among civil servants.%目的 了解公务员生存质量现状及与工作家庭冲突、应对方式的关系.方法 采用生存质量感量表、工作家庭冲突量表(WFC)及应对方式量表对在重庆市永川区分层随机抽取的514名公务员进行问卷调查.结果 公务员生存质量感总分及生理、心理、环境、社会关系4

  2. 县处级干部亚健康与生活满意度、应对方式研究%ANALYSIS OF SUB-HEALTH, LIFE SATISFACTION AND COPING STYLE AMONG COUNTIES PRIMARY OFFICIALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩金培; 张琰; 王俊峰; 张澜

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the sub health and its correlative factors. [Methods] 128 officials via a cluster sampling method in Xinjiang were studied with life Satisfaction Index A and Simple Coping Style Question and Sub-health Self-rating Scale-30. [Results] The life satisfaction level of cadres were lower than the norm (P< 0.01). Life satisfaction in the health group was higher than the sub health group, and that in the sub health group was higher than the sickness group (P < 0.01). Life satisfaction level of the females was higher than the males (P < 0.05). Life satisfaction in public institutions was higher than in authorities and enterprises (P< 0.05). Male and female sub health was negatively correlated with Life satisfaction (P< 0.01), and had a positive correlation with passive coping style (P< 0.05). The female sub health was negatively correlated with positive coping (P< 0.01). [Conclusion] Promoting and improving the level of life satisfaction and coping style will benefit their health.%[目的]探寻处级干部亚健康状况,与之有关的因素.[方法]采用生活满意度指教A量表、简易应对方式问卷、及亚健康自评量表-30,通过分层抽样方法,对128名新疆县处级干部进行调查.[结果]处级干部生活满意度水平低于常模(P<0.01).健康组生活满意度水平高于亚健康组,亚健康组又高于疾病组(P<0.01).女性生活满意度水平高于男性(P<0 05);事业单位生活满意度水平高于机关、企业单位(P<0.05).男性、女性亚健康与生活满意度呈负相关(P<0.01),与消极应对呈正相关(P<0.05),女性亚健康还与积极应对呈负相关(P<0.01).[结论]提高生活满意度及采取有效的应对方式,有利于改善亚健康状况.

  3. 青少年1型糖尿病病人家长应对方式调查%Survey of coping style of parents of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王锐; 张琳琪; 李凤婷; 王旭梅

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To probe into the coping style of parents of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus.Meth-ods:A total of 87 parents of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus who had visited to endocrine clinic in a children’s hospital in Beijing received the investigation by using the coping style questionnaire.Results:The cop-ing style of parent of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus included solving problem,fantasy,seeking help in turn,rationalization,avoidance and self accusation.The avoidance score of parents whose monthly income was less than 2 000 yuan was higher than those of other parents,and the avoidance score of parents who done work for others or farmed was higher than that of other parents,the score of parents who received the junior high school education and below was higher than that of other parents;solving problem score of parents who con-trolled blood glucose with insulin pump was higher than that of other parents.Conclusion:The parents who had the junior high school education and below,low income and done work for others or farmed tended to use the immature coping styles of self accusation,avoidance and so on.And using an insulin pump will help parents to take positive coping styles.%[目的]探讨青少年1型糖尿病病人家长的应对方式。[方法]采用应对方式问卷对就诊于北京某儿童医院内分泌门诊的87名青少年1型糖尿病病人家长进行调查。[结果]青少年1型糖尿病病人家长采取的应对方式依次是解决问题、幻想、求助、合理化、回避、自责。月收入<2000元的家长回避得分高于其他家长,打工/务农的家长自责和回避得分高于其他家长,初中及以下学历患儿家长回避得分高于其他家长,采用胰岛素泵进行血糖控制的患儿家长解决问题得分高于其他家长。[结论]初中及以下学历、低收入、打工/务农患儿家长更倾向于使用自责或回避等不成熟的应对方式,使用胰岛素泵

  4. 医院聘用护士职业倦怠与应对方式的关系%Relationship Between Job Burnout and Coping Style of Appointed Nurses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伍小凡; 刘立志

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the correlation between job burnout and coping style of appointed nurses. Methods In June 2011,320 appointed nurses were assessed with the simplified coping style questionnaire (SCSQ) and maslach burnout inventory(MBI) to analyze the correlation between job burnout and coping style. Results The mean score of emotional exhaustion, deindividvation, sense of personal achievement are (26. 68 + 6. 52) , (8. 08 + 3. 86) , (32. 89 + 9. 65). There were significant positive correlations between the scores and factors of MBI and the factors of SCSQ (P <0. 05 or 0. 01). Significant differences were observedon the MBI scores for the contract nurses concerning marriage, seniority,job title,job satisfaction and economic condition(Pcoping style and adjust heart of occupation,which will help reduce job burnout.%目的 探讨医院聘用护士职业倦怠与应对方式的关系.方法 2011年6月,采用应对方式问卷(simplified coping style questionnaire,SCSQ)和职业倦怠感量表(maslach burnout inventory,MBI)对解放军第91中心医院的320名聘用护士进行问卷调查,并分析其应对方式与职业倦怠的相关性.结果 MBI量表中情感耗竭感、去个性化、个人成就感3个维度的平均得分分别为(26.68±6.52)、(8.08±3.86)、(32.89±9.65)分.医院聘用护士职业倦怠与应对方式的相关分析显示,职业倦怠总分和各因子分与SCSQ各因子分之间存在相关性 (P< 0.05或0.01).在婚姻、工龄、职称、工作满意度及经济状况方面,聘用护士的MBI评分的差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).自责、幻想、退避、职务、从业时间、工作满意度、婚姻状况及经济状况是聘用护士发生职业

  5. The Effect of Normal Students'Resilience,Coping Style on Mental Health%高师生心理弹性、应对方式对心理健康的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飞; 李建伟

    2014-01-01

    目的:掌握高师生心理弹性状况、应对方式特点及其对心理健康的影响。方法437名高师生接受心理韧性量表、应对方式量表以及症状自评量表的评定。结果高师生整体具有较高的心理弹性水平,更倾向运用积极应对方式。自责(t=2.673,P=0.008)和求助(t=-2.540,P=0.011)、目标专注(t=2.996,P=0.003)等存在显著性别差异。心理弹性、应对方式与心理健康密切相关(P<0.01),情绪控制、积极认知、人际协助、自责、解决问题、退避和求助等9因素可有效解释心理健康(34.1%)。结论心理弹性和应对方式是影响个体心理健康的重要因素,心理健康教育工作要注重个体心理弹性的建构和提升,要加强个体应对方式运用的训练与指导。%Objective To explore the status of normal students'resilience,coping style and their effects on mental health.Methods 437 normal students completed the subscales of CD-RISC,CSQ and SCL-90.Results Normal students had a quite high level of resil-ience,and they tended to use positive coping style.There were significant differences between male and female students on remorse( t=2.673,P=0.008),recourse(t=-2.540,P=0.011)and target absorption(t=2.996,P=0.003).The resilience and coping style were closely related with mental health(P﹤0.01).Nine factors,such as emotion control,positive cognition,family support,remorse,solving problems,retreat and recourse could explain 34.1%variances of the mental health.Conclusion The resilience and coping style are im-portant factors influencing mental health.The mental health education should pay more attention to construct and promote individual's re-silience,and strengthen the training and guidance for coping style using.

  6. 社会支持与应对方式对喉癌患者抑郁情绪的影响%Social Support and Coping Styles on the Impact of Depression Emotion ofThroat Cancer Patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何开莲; 李莉萍; 何剑

    2012-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the social support and coping styles on the impact of depression in throat cancer patients. Methods: We survey coping styles, social support and depression of 86 throat cancer patients by means of Social Support amount(SSRS), Medical Coping Style Questionnaire (MCMQ) and self-rating depression scale(SDS). Results: In 86 cases of throat cancer patients, there are 58 cases with depressive symptoms and 28 cases without depressive symptoms. Rating scale of depression shows that depression group is(54.05 ± 5.26) and no depression group is(34.33 ± 3.68). Rating scale of social support shows that social support scores of throat cancer patients without no depression symptoms group are higher than that of throat cancer patients with depression symptoms group (P<0.05). Rating scale of coping styles shows that score of no depression group is higher than that of depression group(P<0.05), while there is no statistically significant difference between scores of avoider and yielder. There is relativity between social support, coping styles and depression of patients (P<0.05). Conclusion: The lower social support use rate of throat cancer patients, the higher incidence rate of depression. Establishing a good social support system and effective response may be a good way to improve depression symptoms of throat cancer patients.%目的:探讨社会支持与应对方式对喉癌患者抑郁情绪的影响.方法:采用社会支持评定量表(SSRS)、医学应对方式量表(MCMQ)与抑郁自评量表(SDS)对86例喉癌患者的抑郁情绪及其社会支持与应对方式进行调查.结果:86例喉癌患者中有抑郁症状58例,无抑郁症状28例.抑郁组抑郁自评量表评分为(54.05±5.26),无抑郁组为(34.33±3.68);无抑郁组社会支持度评分均高于抑郁组(P< 0.05);医学应对方式问卷结果显示,无抑郁组的面对得分高于抑郁组(P<0.05),回避与屈服得分无统计学差异.社会支持、应对方式与患

  7. Self-worth and coping styles of non-medical majors in medical colleges%医学院校非医学专业大学生自我价值与应对方式相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦桂花; 谢博; 禹玉兰; 曾家勇

    2013-01-01

    目的探究医学院校医学专业与非医学专业学生自我价值感、应对方式的特点与关系。方法从某医学院校随机抽取医学专业与非医学专业大学生各150名,采用自我价值感量表、应对方式量表进行调查研究和统计。结果(1)非医学专业学生总体自我价值感高于医学生(t=2.43,P<0.05);一般自我价值感,包括个人取向(t=2.38,P<0.05)与社会取向(t=2.38,P<0.05)两个方面均高于医学生;而特殊自我价值感差异无统计学意义。(2)非医学专业大学生成熟应对方式类型高于医学专业大学生(t=3.07,P<0.01)。(3)大学生应对方式与自我价值感存在相关。结论医学院校可以根据医学与非医学专业学生不同的人格特征,做好课程、培养目标与办学方向等的优化设计,提高学生自我价值感和成熟应对方式,塑造健全人格。%Objective To explore the characteristics of self-esteem and coping styles between the medical students and non-medical majors in medical colleges. Methods 150 medical students and another 150 non-medical students from a medical school were selected randomly, each of participants took self-esteem and coping style scale for research. Results (1) Non-medical students’ overall sense of self-worth was higher than that of the medical students (t=2.43, P<0.05). The score on general sense of self-worth for non-medical students, including personal orientation(t=2.38, P<0.05) and social orientation (t=2.38, P<0.05) was higer than that of medical students. There was no signiifcant difference between the two groups concerning special sense of self-worth. (2) The score on mature coping style types for non-medical students was higer than that in medical students (t=3.07, P<0.01). (3) Students’ coping styles were associated with theirs presence of self-worth. Conclusion We suggest that in order to improve students' self-esteem, mature coping style, and

  8. 医学生手机依赖与孤独感的关系:应对方式的中介作用%Mobile Phone Dependence and Alone Feeling in Medical College Students:Coping Style's Mediating Effect

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李静; 闫国伟; 张静平

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To explore the association of mobile phone dependence to coping style and alone feeling in medical college students ,in order to provide reference bases for medico education and mental intervention .Methods :696 medical college students were chosen .They were assessed with the Mobile Phone Addiction Index Scale (MPAI) , UCLA Loneliness Scale(UCLA)and Simple Coping Style Questionnaire .Results :The average MPAI score in medical college students was(42 .82 ± 11 .30) .The scores were higher in female students than that in males (t = 1 .975 ,P 0 .05) .Structural equation model found negative coping style played a partly mediating role between loneliness and mobile phone dependence ,the mediation effect was 10 .8% .Conclusion :There may be a close relation of mobile phone dependence to alone feeling and negative coping style ,and loneliness can affect mobile phone dependence through negative coping style .%目的:探讨医学生手机依赖状况及其与孤独感、应对方式的关系,为医学生教育及心理干预提供参考依据。方法:采用中文版手机依赖指数(MPAI)、UCLA 孤独量表、简易应对方式问卷对696名医学生进行问卷调查。结果:医学生的 MPAI 平均得分为(42.82±11.30),女生得分高于男生得分(t =1.975,P <0.05);农村学生得分要高于城市/城镇学生得分(t =2.056,P <0.05);不同年级及专业之间的差异无统计学意义。医学生 MPAI 得分与消极应对方式、孤独感呈正相关(r =0.31,0.29;P <0.001),与积极应对方式呈不显著负相关。路径分析表明,消极应对方式在孤独感和手机依赖之间起部分中介作用,中介效应为10.8%。结论:孤独感、消极应对方式与手机依赖关系密切,孤独感能够通过消极应对方式影响手机依赖。

  9. 医护人员心理资本、应对方式与工作倦怠关系%Relationship among Psychological Capital, Coping Style and Job Burnout of Medical Staffs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫丽娜; 苏便苓; 李震中; 刘振红

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨医护人员心理资本、应对方式与工作倦怠的关系.方法 采用心理资本量表、简易应对方式量表和Maslach工作倦怠量表通用版对河北省某省级三甲医院101名医护人员进行调查.结果 (1)医生自我效能得分高于护士,成就感低落得分低于护士(P<0.05).(2)心理资本与工作倦怠(乐观与成就感低落相关除外)呈显著负相关(P<0.01或P<0.05),消极应对与成就感低落呈显著正相关(P<0.01).(3)希望对情绪衰竭和玩世不恭有明显负向预测(P<0.01,P<0.001),自我效能(P<0.001)和消极应对(P<0.05)对成就感低落分别有负向和或正向预测作用.结论 提升心理资本水平,调整消极应对方式能有效预防和矫治医护人员工作倦怠:医院管理层应关注护士群体的心理状态.%Objective To explore the relationships among psychological capital, coping style and job burnout of medical staffs. Methods 101 medical staffs in one third-grade class A hospitals in Hebei were participated in the study , who assessed by Psychological Capital Questionnaire, Simplified Coping Style Questionnaire and Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey. Results (1) The score of self-efficiency of doctor was higher than that of nurse , however lower in personal accomplishment (p<0.05) . (2) Psychological capital was negatively related with job burnout (P<0.01or P< 0.05), excluding the relation between resiliency and personal accomplishment. Then negative coping style was positively related to personal accomplishment (P<0.01) . (3) Hope could negatively predict emotional exhaustion and depersonal-ization (P<0.01 ; P<0.001) . Self-efficfiency (P<0.001l and negative coping style (F<0.05) could negatively or positively predict personal accomplishment. Conclusions Psychological capital and negative coping style are important, may be the most influencing factors on job burnout in hospital staffs. The psychological state of nurses should be

  10. 交通警察工作倦怠与人格、应对方式的关系%The relationship among job burnout, personality and coping style in traffic policemen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴洪梅; 孙宏伟; 王玲; 张靖岩

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore the correlation between policemen' job burnout and personality,coping style to provide information for the prevention of job burnout. Methods MBI-GS,EPQ-RSC,and SCSQ were conducted in 179 traffic policemen.Results The scores of emotional exhaustion,depersonalization and reduced personal accomplishment were 1.90 ±1.18,1.84±1.18,3.00±0.89 respectively.Significant correlation existed among policemen'job burnout, personality and coping style(P<0.05,P<0.01).The main factors which influence emotional exhaustion include P,E,N,and passive coping styles . The main factors which influence depersonalization are P and N . The main factors which influence reduced personal accomplishment are P and passive coping styles.Conclusion To prevent job burnout in traffic policemen ,efforts should be made to build up the character and cultivate active coping style.%目的 探讨交警工作倦怠与人格、应对方式的关系,为预防缓解工作倦怠提供理论依据.方法 对179名交警,采用职业倦怠调查表(MBI-GS) 、艾森克人格问卷( EPQ) 、简易应对方式问卷对进行测试.结果 交警职业倦怠中情绪枯竭维度、玩世不恭纬度、成就感低落维度评分分别为(1.90 ±1.18)分、(1.84±1.18)分、(3.00±0.89)分.交警职业倦怠与人格、应对方式的诸多因子存在显著相关性:工作倦怠三个维度与消极应对的相关系数分别为0.246,0.224,0.219;情绪枯竭与P、N、E相关系数分别为0.573,-0.332,0.334;玩世不恭与P、N的相关系数为0.358,0.257;成就感低落与P的相关系数为0.182,均差异有显著性(P<0.05,P<0.01) .回归分析表明,P,N,E和消极应对是情绪枯竭的预测变量;P和N是玩世不恭的预测变量;P和消极应对是成就感低落的预测变量.结论 预防交警职业倦怠,应重视交警人格的塑造和积极应对方式的培养.

  11. 大学生心理韧性与网络成瘾:应对方式的中介作用%The Relationship between Resilience and Internet Addiction among College Students:The Mediating Effect of Coping Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张碧碧; 张彦彦

    2016-01-01

    This study aimed to explore the relationships among resilience, coping styles and Internet addiction of college students. 351 college students from Changchun were surveyed using the Internet addiction scale, the resilience scale and the coping style scale. Pearson’s correlations and structure equation models were used for data analysis. Results indicated that the correlations among resilience, coping styles and Internet addiction were significant. Specifically, resilience was positively correlated to problem-solving and help-seeking, whereas negatively to self-blame, illusion, withdrawal, and rationalization. Resilience was also negatively related to students’ score of Internet addiction. In ad-dition, Internet addiction was negatively correlated to problem-solving, and positively related to self-blame, illu-sion, withdrawal and rationalization. College students’ score of resilience predicted their Internet addiction, and the relationship between resilience and internet addition was fully mediated by three types of copying styles ( i. e., self-blame, illusion and rationalization) .%为探讨大学生心理韧性、应对方式和网络成瘾的关系,采用网络成瘾量表、心理韧性量表和应对方式问卷对351名大学生进行问卷调查。结果表明:(1)大学生的心理韧性、应对方式与网络成瘾三者之间存在相关关系。具体而言,心理韧性与应对方式中的解决问题和求助两个因子呈正相关,与自责、幻想、退避和合理化四个因子呈负相关;心理韧性与网络成瘾呈负相关;应对方式中的解决问题因子与网络成瘾呈负相关,自责、幻想、退避和合理化四个因子与网络成瘾呈正相关。(2)心理韧性通过影响自责、幻想和合理化三种应对方式间接地影响大学生的网络成瘾,即上述三种应对方式在心理韧性影响网络成瘾的关系中起完全中介作用。

  12. A pilot study on peritraumatic dissociation and coping styles as risk factors for posttraumatic stress, anxiety and depression in parents after their child's unexpected admission to a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Last Bob F

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim To study the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD, anxiety and depression in parents three months after pediatric intensive care treatment of their child and examine if peritraumatic dissocation and coping styles are related to these mental health problems. Methods This is a prospective cohort study and included parents of children unexpectedly admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU from January 2006 to March 2007. At three months follow-up parents completed PTSD (n = 115, anxiety and depression (n = 128 questionnaires. Immediately after discharge, parents completed peritraumatic dissocation and coping questionnaires. Linear regression models with generalized estimating equations examined risk factors for mental health problems. Results Over 10% of the parents were likely to meet criteria for PTSD and almost one quarter for subclinical PTSD. Respectively 15% to 23% of the parents reported clinically significant levels of depression and anxiety. Peritraumatic dissocation was most strongly associated with PTSD, anxiety as well as depression. Avoidance coping was primarily associated with PTSD. Conclusion A significant number of parents have mental health problems three months after unexpected PICU treatment of their child. Improving detection and raise awareness of mental health problems is important to minimize the negative effect of these problems on parents' well-being.

  13. 生活事件和应对方式对实习医师健康的影响%THE INFLUENCE OF LIFE EVENTS AND COPING STYLE ON THE HEALTH OF INTERNS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜桂兰; 曾波涛; 王克; 陆晓辉; 薛梅

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the effect of life events and coping style in protecting health of interns.Methods Through cluster sampling, 356 interns, from six hospitals in Qingdao city, were interviewed with Self-rated Health Measurement Scale (SRHMS), Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Check List (ASLEC), and Coping Scale and Self-esteem Scale.Results Life events were the most powerful predictor of mental health, with predictive power of 10.2%, followed by passive coping, with predictive power of 5.5%.Active coping with was the most powerful predictor of social health, the predictive power being 20.0%.Conclusion Negative life events have the most important effect on the total health score of interns, and active coping style is of greatest influence on interns' social health, the method of education should be improved on these grounds.%目的 研究生活事件、应对方式在维护实习医师健康中的作用.方法 采用整群抽样的方法,用自测健康评定量表、青少年生活事件量表、简易应对方式问卷、自尊量表,对青岛市 6 所三级综合医院的 356 名实习医师进行调查.结果 生活事件是心理健康的最强预测指标,预测力为10.2%;其次是消极应对,预测力为5.5%.积极应对方式是社会健康的最强预测指标,预测力为20.0%.结论 负性生活事件对实习医师健康总分影响最大,积极的应对方式对实习医师社会健康的影响最大,要据此改进实习医师的教育方法.

  14. Personality, sense of coherence and the coping of working mothers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lettie Herbst

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to examine the relationships between personality dimensions, sense of coherence and coping styles among working mothers. The OPQ, OLQ and COPE questionnaires were administered to 120 married, working mothers. In view of contrasting results obtained by other researchers regarding the dimensionality of the COPE, its factorial validity and internal consistency were assessed. Exploratory factor analysis indicated that the COPE measured five factors with high degrees of internal consistency. Several personality dimensions and sense of coherence variables correlated significantly with the dependent variables (coping styles. It appeared that these independent variables predicted substantial percentages of the variability in the coping styles.

  15. Study on coping styles of parents of mentally retarded children and its influencing factors%智障儿童父母应对方式及影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关珊珊; 赵雅宁; 郝正玮; 孙亮; 丁玲利; 于海霞; 王雪; 乔娅兰

    2015-01-01

    [目的]了解智障儿童父母应对方式,分析其影响因素,旨在提高智障儿童父母应对能力。[方法]采用父母用应对方式量表(CHIP)中文版对唐山市119例智障儿童家长的应对方式进行问卷调查,结合患儿及家长的一般资料进行调查,分析其影响因素。[结果]患儿家长CHIP得分为(76.87±4.20)分,与常模比较差异有统计学意义。单因素分析显示:不同水平应对组患儿年龄、智障水平、与患儿关系、父母文化程度、家庭功能、社会支持水平及父母自我效能水平比较,差异具有统计学意义。Logistic回归分析结果显示:患儿年龄、智障水平、与患儿的关系、家庭功能、父母文化程度、父母自我效能水平、社会支持水平对智障儿童父母的应对方式有影响。[结论]家庭功能良好、父母文化程度高、父母自我效能水平高、社会支持水平高及轻中度智障水平是智障儿童父母应对方式的保护性因素,年龄小是智障儿童父母应对方式的危险性因素,医务人员应指导智障儿童父母寻求积极有效的应对方式。%Objective:To know about the coping styles of parents of children with mentally retarded ,and to ana‐lyze its influencing factors ,aiming to improve the coping ability of their parents .Methods:The parents coping style scale (CHIP) Chinese version was used to conduct a questionnaire interview for the coping styles of 119 cases of mentally retarded children’s parents in Tangshan city ,then combined with the general information of children and parents to analyze its influencing factors .Results:The CHIP score of parents of mentally retarded children was (76 .87 ± 4 .20) ,and the difference was statistically significant compared with the norm .Univariate analysis showed that :there was statistically significant difference in the age ,retarded level ,relationship between parents and children ,the parents

  16. Correlation among coping style,hope and social support in elderly patients with maintenance hemodialysis%老年维持性血液透析患者应对方式与希望、社会支持的相关性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄莉; 王洪嫦; 庞晓宇; 麦苗金; 黄碧冰

    2016-01-01

    目的:探讨老年维持性血液透析(maintenance hemodialysis,MHD)患者应对方式与希望及社会支持的相关性。方法采用一般资料问卷、简易应对方式问卷、Herth 希望量表和社会支持评定量表对115例老年 MHD 患者进行调查。结果患者的积极应对得分(1.58±0.47)分,低于全国常模,消极应对得分(1.84±0.43)分,高于全国常模。Pearson 相关分析结果显示,积极应对与希望、社会支持呈正相关,消极应对与希望及社会支持呈负相关。结论老年 MHD 患者的应对方式有待改善,护理人员应采取措施增强患者的希望及社会支持,进而促进其应对方式的改善。%Objective To investigate the correlation among coping style,hope and social support in elderly patients with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD).Methods Totally 1 1 5 elderly MHD patients were investigated using a self-designed demographic questionnaire,simplified coping style questionnaire,Herth hope index and social support rating scale.Results The score of positive coping style was 1.58±0.47,lower than the national model,while the score of the negative coping style was 1.84±0.43,higher than the national model.Pearson correlation analysis showed that the positive coping style was positively related to hope and social support,and the negative coping style was negatively related to hope and social support.Conclusions The coping style of elderly MHD pa-tients must be improved.The nursing staff should take measures to enhance the patients'hope and social support,and then to improve their coping style.

  17. The Relationship between Parenting Style,Coping Style,Index of Well-being and Life of Meaning of Undergraduates%大学生生命意义感与父母教养方式、应对方式、幸福感指数的相关性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 何畏; 张贤; 郭锋; 蔡静; 郭巧红

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨大学生生命意义感与父母教养方式、应对方式、幸福感指数的关系。方法采用生命意义感量表( PIL)、简式父母教养方式问卷(S-EMBU)、简易应对方式量表(SCSS)、幸福感指数量表(Index of Well-Being),对569名大学生团体施测。结果①大学生生命意义感与父母情感温暖、积极应对、幸福感指数正相关(r=0.401,0.416,0.404,0.661;P<0.01);②多元逐步回归分析表明,幸福感指数、母亲情感温暖、积极应对正向预测大学生生命意义感(R2=0.542,P<0.001);③幸福感指数、积极应对方式分别在母亲情感温暖与大学生生命意义感间起部分中介作用。结论母亲情感温暖不仅直接预测生命意义感,还通过幸福感指数、积极应对方式间接预测生命意义感。%Objective To explore the relationship between life of meaning of undergraduates and parenting style ,coping style and in-dex of well-being.Methods A sample of 569 undergraduates were selected and assessed with 4 scales consisting of Purpose in Life (PIL),Short-form Egma Minnen av Bardndosna Uppforstran (S-EMBU),Simplified Coping Styles Scale (SCSS),Well-being Index Scale.Results ①Undergraduates'lifeofmeaningshowedsignificantlypositivecorrelationwithpositivecopingstyle,well-beingindex, and emotional warmth of parenting style (r=0.401,0.416,0.404,0.661;P<0.01).②The multiple stepwise regression analysis results showed that well -being index ,mother emotional warmth ,and positive coping style could positively and significantly predict undergradu-ates'life of meaning(R2 =0.542,P<0.001).③Well-being index,positive coping styles were the partial mediator of mother emotional warmth and undergraduates'life of meaning .Conclusion Mother emotional warmth can directly predict undergraduates'life of meaning , and also can indirectly influence it through well -being index and positive coping styles .

  18. Survey and analysis of mental health status and coping styles in students from vocational-technical colleges%高职院校学生心理健康状况调查及应对方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尚效贤; 姚应水; 陈燕; 黄志伟; 祁秦; 倪仕钢; 康耀文; 聂淼; 臧洪艳; 贺连平

    2012-01-01

    Objective: To investigate the mental health status, important types of psychological problems and coping styles affecting the mental health in academy undergraduates. Methods : We conducted a survey on 3 867 students from two specialized institutions using symptom checklist-90 ( SCL-90 ) and trait coping style questionnaire( TCSQ ). Results: As compared with the National Norms for Youth, the total average score for the subjects on SCL-90 appeared higher regarding the factors of interpersonal sensitivity, depression, hostility, phobic anxiety and psychoticism, which suggested statistical difference ( P < 0. 05 ). Although the total average scores on SCL-90 and related factor scoring were negatively correlated with the active coping styles( P < 0. 01 ),yet positively with the negative coping ones( P <0. 01 ). Conclusion:The mental health status in academy undergraduates seems not so optimistic. Now that the positive coping style is conducive to keeping the mental health in good condition and negative one may produce an adverse effect on the mental health,we suggest that school authorities should take effective measures aiming at the specific problems to improve the mental health levels of this population.%目的:了解专科院校大学生的心理健康状况、心理问题的主要类型以及应对方式对心理健康的影响.方法:采用症状自评量表(SCL-90)及特质应对问卷对两所专科院校3 867名不同专业大学生进行调查.结果:本次调查对象SCL-90的总均分及人际敏感、抑郁、敌对、恐怖、精神病性等因子分高于全国青年常模,且差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);SCL-90的总均分及其因子分与积极应对方式呈负相关(P<0.01),与消极应对方式呈正相关(P<0.01).结论:专科院校大学生心理健康状况不容乐观;积极应对方式有利于保持心理健康,而消极应对方式则对心理健康造成不良影响,学校应采取有针对性的心理健康教育措施,以提高学生心理健康水平.

  19. Medical Students’ Regulatory Emotional Self - efficacy,Social Supports and Coping Styles%医学生情绪调节自我效能感与社会支持、应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林影; 江琴

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To analyze relationship between medical students’ regulatory emotional self - efficacy ,social support and coping style .Methods :319 medical students were investigated by Regulatory Emotional Self - efficacy Scale ,Coping Styles and Perceived Social Support Scale .Results :The total regulatory emotional self - efficacy of med‐ical students were above the average .Perceived self - efficacy in regulating despondency /distress (DES ) ,and per‐ceived self - efficacy in regulating anger /irritation(ANG) :Female students’ scores in perceived self - efficacy in feel‐ing positive affect(POS)were significantly higher than male students’(t = 2 .83 ,P < 0 .01) ,while female’s scores in DES and ANG were significantly lower than male students (t = 4 .78 ,2 .19 ;P < 0 .01) .The total regulatory emotional self - efficacy and its dimensions were all negatively related to negative coping styles ,and positively related to social supports .POS and perceived social supports had a certain prediction upon coping styles .Conclusion :Medical universi‐ties should pay enough attention to take various effective ways to strengthen medical students ’ the psychological health education ,improve their regulatory emotional self - efficacy and the ability of understanding social supports , change their cognition ,so as to enhance their ability to cope with stress better .%目的:探讨医学生情绪调节自我效能感、社会支持、应对方式三者间的关系,为医学生的心理咨询和心理健康教育提供科学依据,从而提高医学生的心理健康水平。方法:通过情绪调节自我效能感量表、领悟社会支持量表、应对方式问卷对某医科大学的319名医学生进行调查。结果:医学生的总体情绪调节自我效能感总体上处于中等偏上水平,但在结构上有所失衡:医学生感受和调节正性情绪的效能感比较高,而调节沮丧/痛苦情绪效能感和调节生气/愤怒

  20. Correlation between uncertainty in illness and coping style among patients with cervical cancer%宫颈癌患者疾病不确定感与应对方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦荣泉; 陈丽君; 赵玉玲; 江锦芳; 陈英; 黄英凡

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation between the uncertainty in illness and coping style among cervical cancer patients .Methods A total of 180 patients with cervical cancer were selected and investigated with Mishel ’ s uncertainty in illness scale-adult form ( MUIS-A ) and medical coping modes questionnaire ( MCMQ) .Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between uncertainty in illness and coping style.Results The MUIS-A total score of patients with cervical cancer was (78.91 ±9.34). The score of MCMQ facing factor, avoiding factor and yielding factor was (19.28 ±2.61), (17.56 ±2.12) and (12.90 ±1.43), respectively.The MUIS-A total score of patients with cervical cancer was positively correlated with the yielding factor (P<0.01), and negatively correlated with the facing and avoiding factors (P<0.05).Conclusions Correlation has been found between uncertainty in illness and coping style in patients with cervical cancer .Nurses should guide patients to adopt effective coping styles , in order to decrease their uncertainty in illness and improve their quality of life .%目的:探讨宫颈癌患者疾病不确定感与应对方式的相关性。方法采用疾病不确定感量表( MUIS-A)、应对方式量表( MCMQ)对180例宫颈癌患者进行问卷调查。应用Pearson相关分析法分析疾病不确定感与应对方式的相关性。结果宫颈癌患者MUIS-A总分为(78.91±9.34)分,MCMQ面对、回避、屈服得分分别为(19.28±2.61),(17.56±2.12),(12.90±1.43)分。宫颈癌患者MUIS-A总分与屈服呈正相关(P<0.01),与面对、回避呈负相关(P<0.05)。结论宫颈癌患者疾病不确定感与应对方式具有相关性,护士应指导患者采取有效的应对方式,以降低疾病不确定感,提高其生活质量。

  1. Cancer related fatigue in patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy and coping style%乳腺癌术后化疗患者癌因性疲乏与应对方式的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜萍岚; 王曙红; 蒋冬梅; 虞玲丽

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨乳腺癌术后化疗患者癌因性疲乏水平与应对方式的关系.方法:采用癌症疲乏量表和Jalowiec应对量表对396例乳腺癌术后化疗患者进行问卷调查,并分析其相关性.结果:乳腺癌术后化疗患者总疲乏发生率为96.97%,以中度疲乏最为明显;各维度疲乏发生率由高到低依次为躯体疲乏、情感疲乏、认知疲乏;乳腺癌术后化疗患者应对方式得分由高到低依次为乐观、勇敢面对、寻求支持、自我依赖、情感宣泄、逃避、听天由命、保守,其中应用最多的是乐观应对方式,应用最少的应对方式是情感宣泄;情感宣泄应对方式与癌因性疲乏各维度均呈正相关(P<0.01);乐观、勇敢面对、寻求支持、自我依赖、保守应对方式与情感疲乏呈负相关(P<0.05);乐观、寻求支持应对方式与躯体疲乏呈负相关(P<0.05);逃避、听天由命应对方式与总疲乏、躯体疲乏、认知疲乏维度均呈正相关(P<0.05).结论:乳腺癌患者普遍存在癌因性疲乏,应引导患者更多地采用积极有效的应对方式,避免采用消极的应对方式,以增强患者的心理适应能力,减轻癌因性疲乏,提高患者生活质量.%Objective To study the relevance between cancer related fatigue and coping styles in breast cancer patients after chemotherapy. Methods A survey was conducted in 396 patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy on cancer related fatigue scale and Jalowiec coping scale, and the relation was analyzed. Results The rate of overall fatigue in breast cancer patients was 96.97%, mostly moderate fatigue. The rate of fatigue dimensions from high to low was physical fatigue, feeling fatigue and cognitive fatigue, respectively. The score of coping styles in patients with breast cancer after chemotherapy from high to low was optimistic coping, facing bravely, support seeking, self-reliance, emotional catharsis, avoidance, fatalism, and conservation. The most

  2. Relationship between pressure and coping style and social support of medical students%医学生的社会支持、应付方式与压力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李俊娇

    2012-01-01

      目的研究医学院学生的压力状况,压力与社会支持、应付方式的关系及影响因素.方法使用应付方式问卷、心身压力测试量表和社会支持评定量表,对医学院本科生240名和综合类大学本科生440名进行测量研究.结果(1)医学生的压力显著低于非医学生(t=-3.62, P<0.001);(2)医学生的压力与社会支持呈负相关,与成熟应付方式呈正相关、与不成熟应付方式呈负相关;(3)独生子女使用自责的应付方式显著高于非独生子女(t=2.16, P<0.05);(4)单亲家庭医学生的社会支持总分及各维度显著低于非单亲家庭医学生(t=-2.06, P<0.05;t=-2.06, P<0.05;t=-3.11, P<0.001),单亲家庭医学生更多地使用自责的应付方式(t=2.19, P<0.05);(5)多元回归分析发现,医学生自责、解决问题、主观社会支持3个因子可以预测压力.结论医学生在大学生群体中并非高压力群体;自责的应付方式、解决问题的应付方式和主观社会支持能够预测医学生的压力;不同家庭构成的医学生具有不同的应付方式和社会支持特点.%  Objective To study the relationship between pressure and social support and coping styles of medical college students and its influencing factors. Methods 240 students from medical college and 440 students from ordinary colleges were tested with Coping Style Questionnaire(CSQ), Social Support Rating Scale(SSRS) and Psychosomatic Tension Relaxation Inventory(PSTRI). Results (1)The pressure of medical students were significantly lower than non-medical students (t=-3.62, P<0.001). (2)There were negative correlation between pressure and social support of medical students;and positive correlation between pressure and mature coping styles. (3)Only child used more self-accusation as coping style than children with siblings(t=2.16, P<0.05). (4) Medicla students from single parent family had lower aggregate score and all the factors of score of Social

  3. 社会支持、应对方式在依恋影响心理健康中的作用%Effect of social support and coping style an attachment influencing on mental health

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶雨春; 张秀红; 解平华; 姜丽英; 陈力

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore the direct effect of attachment and the indirect effect through coping style and social support on mental health in technical school students. Methods 372 technical school students were assessed by Experiences in Close Relationship' s Inventory ( ECR), Symptom Check Scale List-90 ( SCL90) ,Coping Style Scale For Secondary School Students( CSS)and Perceived Social Support Scale(PSSS). Results ( 1 ) Total score of SCL-90 had significant correlations with all index of attachment anxiety, parents attachment avoidance( r=0. 165 ~0.370, P<0.01 ) ,with coping style focus on problem ( r=0.291 ~0.552, P<0. 01 ) and perceived social support( r = -0. 245, P < 0.01 ). (2)Coping style focus on emotion had significant correlations with attachment anxiety( r=0.237 ~0.383, P<0.01 ) and coping style focus on problem had significant correlations with attachment avoidance( r= -0. 267 ~ -0. 403, P<0. 01 ). (3) Perceived social support had significant negative correlations with attachment avoidance ( r= - 0. 425 ~ - 0. 459, P < 0.01 ). (4) The coping style focus on emotion had 65.2% mediation effect between attachment anxiety and mental health and perceived social support was moderated by attachment avoidance. Conclusions ( 1 ) Attachment anxiety and attachment avoidance have direct effect on mental health. ( 2 ) The indirect effect of attachment anxiety on mental health is a lot mediating effect performed by the coping style focus on emotion. Attachment avoidance also indirectly influences on mental health by moderating perceived social support.%目的 探讨依恋对心理健康的直接影响以及依恋通过应对方式、社会支持对心理健康的间接影响.方法 采用整群抽样的方法 对哈尔滨市某技工学校一年级新生372人进行亲密关系经历量表(ECR),症状自评量表(SCL-90),应对方式量表(CSS),领悟社会支持(PSSS)问卷调查.结果 (1)SCL-90总分与父、母,同伴依恋焦虑,与父、母

  4. Changes in Hippocampus Morphology, Cognitive Function and Coping Style Induced by Chronic Military Stress%慢性军事应激致军人海马形态、认知功能和应对方式的变化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽杰; 孙秋德; 严进; 刘爱丽; 董建树; 刘佳佳; 王建平

    2011-01-01

    通过对572名连续4~16个月高强度军事训练的军人进行SCL-90测评,研究慢性军事应激条件下军人海马形态、认知、心理特质和特质应对方式的变化特征.将其中17例焦虑因子分≥3分者(焦虑或伴焦虑)设为研究组(A),并以匹配法设对照组(B).检测两组军人血皮质醇,并用MRI观察海马形态、检测简单和复杂认知作业功能、以STAI测评状态-特质焦虑及以CCSQ测评应对方式,探讨两组对应变化.研究结果显示:(1)血皮质醇:A、B组均高于正常水平,有差异显著,A组显著高于B组.(2)海马形态:A组与B组MRI海马形态标准化后,A组海马形态显著萎缩,与B组相比有显著性差异,但各组每个同体的左右两侧之间相比无显著性差异.(3)认知作业功能:A组简单认知作业成绩与B组无显著差异,但复杂认知作业成绩与B组相比有显著性差异.(4)状态-特质焦虑:A组的状态焦虑、特质焦虑分别与B组和常模比较均有显著变化,B组与常模相比状态焦虑变化显著,特质焦虑变化不显著.(5)应对方式:A组积极应对方式平均值低于B组和常模并有显著性差异,B组高于常模;A组消极应对方式平均值高于B组和常模且有非常显著性差异,B组与常模无显著改变.结论在慢性军事应激条件下,特质焦虑个体的海马形态出现双侧萎缩,复杂认知功能下降,更易发生状态焦虑,行为取向表现出积极应对方式降低、消极应对方式增加.%Many organic functions will be changed undergoing chronic strong stress, especially in the continuous activation of the HPA axis, which results in successive high level of glucocorticoid in blood. Afterward it will make hippocampal neurons become atrophic and cognitive function impairment, which has been confirmed in laboratory. This investigation studied the morphological changes of hippocampus, cognitive functions and coping styles undergoing the chronic military stress

  5. Can negative life events and coping style help explain socioeconomic differences in perceived stress among adolescents? A cross-sectional study based on the West Jutland cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glasscock, David J; Andersen, Johan H; Labriola, Merete; Rasmussen, Kurt; Hansen, Claus D

    2013-06-02

    Previous research suggests that perceived stress in adolescence is socially patterned, but that this relationship may depend on the measure of socioeconomic status (SES) used. This study examines if social gradients in perceived stress, negative life events, and coping exist amongst Danish adolescents, and, if life events and coping strategies can partly account for an association between SES and perceived stress. These relationships are studied separately for two different measures of SES. Questionnaire data were collected from 3054 14-15 year old youths (83% response rate) during baseline measurement in the West Jutland birth cohort study. Parents were identified via the Central Office of Civil Registration in which the respondents are linked to their parents or guardians via their CPR-number, a personal identification number given to everyone in Denmark. The study employs data from two independent sources, adolescent self-report data (stress, life events and coping) and national registers (parental educational level, household income and confounder variables). Ordinary Least Squares regression estimated the effects of parental SES, negative life events and coping on perceived stress. Analyses were stratified by gender. Girls reported more perceived stress than boys. SES accounted for a small but significant amount of the variance in perceived stress. Lower parental education and lower household income were associated with higher stress levels irrespective of gender, but the social gradient was strongest amongst girls when parents' education was used to measure SES, and strongest for boys when income was used. Life events and coping were also found to be associated with SES and both mediated part of the SES-perceived stress relationship. In general, the social gradient in perceived stress was accounted for by the study variables to a higher degree among girls than among boys. Lower parental education and household income are associated with higher levels of

  6. 理性情绪疗法对多发性硬化患者情绪及应对方式的影响%Effect of rational emtional therapy on multiple sclerosis patient emotion and coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董湘萍; 董建玲; 岳涛

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨理性情绪疗法对改善多发性硬化患者情绪及应对方式的影响.方法:将68例多发性硬化患者随机分为研究组和对照组各34例,对照组进行常规治疗、护理及健康教育,研究组在此基础上进行理性情绪疗法,8周为1个疗程.采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)和焦虑自评量表(SAS)及应对方式问卷对两组患者进行治疗前后效果评定.结果:治疗后研究组SDS和SAS评分及焦虑抑郁的发生率低于对照组(均P<0.01);不成熟的应对方式(自责、幻想、退避)低于对照组(P<0.05).结论:理性情绪疗法能使多发性硬化患者较多使用成熟的应对方式,能改善多发性硬化患者的负性情绪,提高心理健康水平,是促进多发性硬化患者神经功能康复的有效途径.%Objective: Probe into the rational mood therapy have influence on improveing emotions and coping styles in patients with multiple sclerosis. Methods: 68 patients with multiple sclerosis was divided into research group and control group,each group have 34 cases,the control group was received regular treatment,nuring and health education,the research group was received rational emotional therapy ,8 weeks for a period of treatment. Before and after treatment .effect of the assessment was estimated by depression rating scale(SDS) and anxiety rating scale( SAS) and the questionnaire of coping styles. Results: After treatment, the SAS score and the SDS and the incidence of anxiety depression were in research group lower than in control group ( all P < 0.01) , immature coping styles was lower than the control group(P <0.05). Conclusion: Rational emotional therapy can make multiple sclerosis patients to use mature way, improve negative emotions of the patients, increase the mental health level .promote the effective way of the neural function recovery.

  7. Research on Correlation between the Depression Situation and Coping Style in Delivery Women%孕妇的抑郁状况与应付方式的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红艳

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究孕妇的抑郁状况与应付方式的相关性。方法采用Beck抑郁量表与应付方式问卷调查孕妇545例。结果孕妇的BDI的平均分为(9.36±5.31)分,且孕妇抑郁的平均分要显著高于正常人群(t=2.895, P<0.004);退避、幻想、自责和合理化与抑郁呈显著正相关,而求助和解决问题与抑郁呈显著负相关。进一步分析发现,中重度抑郁组的孕妇在退避与自责这两个因子上的得分要显著高于轻度抑郁组的孕妇;而在求助和解决问题这两个因子上的得分要显著低于轻度抑郁组的孕妇。结论积极而成熟的应付方式,能有效减轻心理压力,有利于提高孕妇的心理健康水平。%Objective To research the correlation between the depression situation and coping style in delivery women. Methods 545 cases of delivery women were surveyed by Beck depression scale and coping style questionnaire. Results The average score of BDI in delivery women was (9.36±5.31) marks, and the average score of depression in delivery women was obviously higher than that in the normal population(t=2.895, P<0.004), the retreat, illusion, self-accusation and rationaliza-tion were positively correlated with the depression, but the seeking help and solving problems had an obvious negative cor-relation with depression, and the further analysis showed that the retreat and self-accusation scores in the medium and se-vere depression group were obviously higher than those in the mild depression group, and the seeking help and solving problems scores were obviously lower than those in the mild depression group. Conclusion The positive and mature coping style can effectively relieve the mental pressure, which is conducive to improving the mental health level of delivery women.

  8. Study on work stress, coping style and interpersonal relationship sensitivity among doctors%医生工作压力、应对方式与人际关系敏感的关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵铁牛; 杨晓南; 王泓午

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the relationship of work stress, coping style and interpersonal relationship sensitivity a-mong the doctors. METHODS Used stratified and cluster sampling method, the mental health of 368 doctors was investigated in Tianjin. Path analysis with latent variable was done using CALIS process of SAS9.0 statistical software. RESULTS The overall goodness of fit of the model for 19.357, corresponding to P value was 0.055 (P > 0.05). The goodness of fit index of that (GFI) was 0.987, Root Mean Square Residual (RMR) of that was 0.037, comparative fit index (CFI) of that was 0.978. All indicators suggested that the model was fitted better. CONCLUSION Work stress of doctors is the higher, they are the more likely to take a passive coping style, so it leads to interpersonal relationship sensitivity. Medical managers should take practical measures to reduce work stress of doctors and to guide doctors to improve mental health using positive coping styles.%目的 探讨医生工作压力、应对方式与人际关系敏感的关系.方法 采用分层、整群抽样的方法,对天津市368名医生进行了问卷调查.采用SAS9.0统计软件CALIS过程进行隐变量通径分析.结果 模型的整体拟合度的x2为19.357,对应的P值为0.055 (P> 0.05),拟合优度指数(GFI)为0.987,均方根残差(RMR)为0.037,比较拟合指数(CFI)为0.978等指标表明,模型拟合效果较好.结论 医生工作压力越大,越容易采取消极应对方式,最终导致人际关系敏感的发生.医政管理部门应采取切实可行的减轻医生工作压力的措施,引导医生积极应对工作压力,提高心理健康水平.

  9. Relationships between University Students with Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder and Personal Coping Style,Family Environment and Parents′ Nurturing Styles%大学生强迫症与应对方式、家庭环境及父母教养方式关系的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵伟; 刘桂萍; 张华; 蔡莹莹; 李栓荣

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationships between university students with obsessive - compulsive disorder and personal coping style, family environment and parents' nurturing styles. Methods The study was carried out among 94 college studengs with obsessive - compulsive disorder and 102 controls without mental disorder with the help of the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire, Family Environment Scale - Chinese Version ( FES - CV ) and the Egma Minnen av Bardndosnauppforsffan ( EMBU ) of Chinese Version. Results The scores of case groups were lower than those of normal controls in positive coping style, cohesion, emotional expression, entertainment, parents emotional warmth and understanding ( P < 0. 05 ), but higher in contradictions, fathers' punishments and strictness ( P <0. 05 ). Logistic regression analysis showed that the contradictions of the family environment ( OR = 1. 424 ) was a risk factor for obsessive - compulsive disorder of university students and positive coping style ( OR =0. 672 ), cohesion ( OR =0. 601 ) and emotional expression ( OR =0. 608 ) were the protective factors. Conclusion Positive coping style, the intimacy of family members, emotional expression and contradictions are the influencing factors for u-niversity students with obsessive - compulsive disorder.%目的 探讨大学生强迫症的发生与个人应对方式、家庭环境和父母教养方式的关系.方法 采用特质应对方式问卷、家庭环境量表中文版和父母教养方式评价量表中文版对94例大学生强迫症和102例健康对照者进行问卷调查.结果 病例组的积极应对、亲密度、情感表达、娱乐性、父母的情感温暖、理解评分明显低于对照组(P<0.05),病例组的矛盾性、父亲的惩罚、严厉评分明显高于对照组(P<0.05);Logistic回归分析显示家庭环境的矛盾性(OR=1.424)是大学生强迫症的危险因素,积极应对(OR=0.672)、亲密度 (OR=0.601)和情感表达(OR=0.608)是强

  10. Coping styles in substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kronenberg, Linda M; Goossens, Peter J J; van Busschbach, Jooske; van Achterberg, Theo; van den Brink, Wim

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Patients with a substance use disorder (SUD) and co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often start using substances in an attempt to cope with the stress related to their ADHD or ASD. To improve treatment for these patient groups,

  11. Coping styles in substance use disorder (SUD) patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kronenberg, Linda M.; Goossens, Peter J. J.; van Busschbach, Jooske; van Achterberg, Theo; van den Brink, Wim

    2015-01-01

    Background: Patients with a substance use disorder (SUD) and co-occurring attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) often start using substances in an attempt to cope with the stress related to their ADHD or ASD. To improve treatment for these patient groups,

  12. Investigation on mental health and coping style in type 2 diabetic patients%2型糖尿病患者心理健康状况与应对方式的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘媛; 徐书杭; 陈国芳; 陈尚志; 袁晓丹; 刘克冕; 刘超

    2014-01-01

    目的 调查2型糖尿病患者的心理健康状况,总结应对方式类型特点,分析心理健康状况与应对方式的关系.方法 本研究共纳入167例2型糖尿病患者,其中,男性94例,女性73例,年龄22~80岁[(57.93±13.02)岁].使用症状自评量表(SCL90)进行心理健康状况评分.另外,使用应对方式量表(CSQ)评估2型糖尿病患者应对方式.同时收集患者年龄、性别、病程、并发症情况、糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)以及治疗方式等资料.计算存在心理健康问题患者的阳性率,分析2型糖尿病患者心理健康相关因素,以及心理健康与应对方式之间的关系.结果 有32.3%的2型糖尿病患者存在不同类型的心理健康问题,其中,躯体化障碍、强迫症状和人际关系敏感患病率较高(16.8%,15.6%,15.6%,x2=38.8,P<0.01).相对于无心理健康问题组来说,有心理健康问题组患者在不成熟的应对方式上的得分较高,如自责[(4.50±3.00)vs.(2.48±2.18),P<0.01]、退避[(5.63±2.40)vs.(4.88±2.09),P<0.01]以及合理化[(5.83±2.40)vs.(4.88±2.09),P<0.01].结论 2型糖尿病患者易出现心理健康问题,与此类患者不成熟的应对方式有关,临床工作者应重视2型糖尿病患者心理问题的早期筛查和干预.%Objective To investigate the mental health and coping styles in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus,and analyze the relationship between mental health and coping skills.Methods A total of 167 type 2 diabetic patients were enrolled in the study [including 94 male and 73 female,aged 22 to 80 years,mean age:(57.93 ± 13.02) years].SCL90 (Symptom Checklist90) and coping style questionnaire (CSQ) were used to evaluate mental health and coping styles,respectively.Information on patient age,gender,disease duration,complications,glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and treatment were collected.The demographic and glycemic data were also studied.Finally,the risk factors associated with mental health and the

  13. Relationship between personality traits,anxiety,depression and coping style in clinicians%临床医生人格特征、焦虑抑郁情绪及应对方式关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴喜强; 邱大宏; 叶百维; 叶飞英; 陈艺军

    2015-01-01

    目的探讨临床医生人格特征、焦虑抑郁情绪及应对方式的关系。方法采用抽签法抽取153名临床医生,其中外科医生65人,内科医生88人。采用艾森克人格问卷( EPQ )、焦虑自评量表( SAS )、抑郁自评量表( SDS)及简易应对方式量表( SCSQ)对临床医生进行问卷调查。结果外科医生的精神质、焦虑、抑郁及消极应对方式评分高于内科医生,差异均有统计学意义(t=2.25、4.24、4.54、3.15,P均﹤0.05),而其积极应对方式评分低于内科医生,差异有统计学意义( t=-5.51,P﹤0.05);积极应对方式与内外倾向、神经质呈正相关( r=0.40,0.17, P均﹤0.05),与焦虑、抑郁呈负相关(r=-0.68,-0.61,P均﹤0.01);回归分析显示,科室、神经质及焦虑因素对积极应对方式有着直接影响作用(t=4.18、3.97、-4.16,P均﹤0.01)。结论外科医生较内科医生更易表现出低亲和力、冷漠、焦虑、抑郁情绪等,较多采用消极应对方式处理问题,应该重视人格维度中神经质和精神质维度的干预。%Objective To explore the relationship ketween personality traits,anxiety,depression and coping style in clinicians. Methods Questionnaires were randomly sampled in 153 clinicians. Eysencd Personality Questionnaire( EPQ),Self-rating Anxiety Scale( SAS),Self-rating Depression Scale( SDS)and Coping Style Scale( CSS)were included in the questionnaires. T-test and other statistical methods were adopted in statistics. Results The spiritual quality,anxiety,depression and negative coping scores of surgeon were higher than the physician,the differences were statistically significant(t=2. 25,4. 24,4. 54,3. 15,all P﹤0. 05), while its positive coping score was kelow the physician,the differences were significant correlation(t= -5. 51,P﹤0. 05). Positive coping style with internal and external orientation,neuroticism were significantly positive

  14. 酒精所致精神障碍患者个性特征与应对方式%Personality characteristics and coping styles in patients with mental disorder due to use of alcohol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱进才; 吴庆锋; 赖爱群; 许建雄; 李济田; 苏珊娜; 李晓玲; 邱秀英; 刘素芳

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To explore the relationship between the personality characteristics and coping styles in patients with mental disorder due to use of alcohol. Method;55 cases of chronic alcoholism (study group) and 43 cases of local citizens without a history of alcohol abuse ( control group) were surveyed with coping style questionnaire ( CSQ) and Eysenck personality questionnaire ( EPQ) , the relevant factors were analysed. Results:Compared with the control group,the predominate personality characteristics of the study group were psychoticism. There were satistically significant in EPQ score of psychoticism (t =4. 75 ,P <0.001) ,neu-roticism(t =4. 95,P<0.001 )and lie(t = -2. 47,P<0. 015) except introvision-extrovision factors. Compared the CSQ score between the two group, the coping styles of study group were immature,with characteristic of higher scores in retreat (t = 9.08,P= 0.000) and mirage(t= 10. 33,P=0.000)and self-accusation (t=8.74,P= 0.000). In the study group, neuroticism was positively correlated with rationalization ( r = 0. 263, P < 0.05) and self-accusation ( r = 0. 298, P < 0.05), introvision-extrovision was significant positively correlated with solve dif-ficulty(r =0.532,P<0.01)and assistance (r =0.582,P <0.01) .psychoticism was negatively correlated with solve difficulty(r= -0. 270,P<0. 05). Conclusion:Coping styles in patients with mental disorder due to use of alcohol were affected by immature personality characteristics. To promote sound personal qualities can help patients improve their stress level.%目的:探讨酒精所致精神障碍患者个性特征与应对方式的相关性. 方法:运用艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)及应对方式问卷(CSQ)对55例酒精所致精神障碍患者(研究组)和43名无酗酒史的健康人(对照组)进行问卷调查,并对其相关因素进行分析. 结果:与对照组相比,研究组的个性以精神质为显著特征;EPQ评分除内外向因子外其他维度如精神质(t=4.75,P<0.001)

  15. The study on the relationship of occupational burnout and coping style among general practitioners%社区医生职业倦怠及其应对方式的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄云; 马辉; 张宁

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the status of occupational burnout among general practitioners (GPs) and explore the relationship between coping style and burnout. Methods 243 GPs were assessed by Chinese Maslach burnout inventory(CMBI) and simple coping style questionnaire. Results 36.6% of GPs experienced mild burnout, 26.8% moderate burnout, and 3.3% severe burnout; 11.5% of GPs got high scores on emotional exhaustion(EE), 44.9% subjects got high scores on depersonalization(Dp) and 43.6% subjects got high scores on reduced personal accomplishment (RPA). Male GPs experienced greater personal accomplishment than female. Among technical post, subjects with senior technical post scored higher on Dp. The condition of occupational burnout among subjects in north Jiangsu was more serious. GPs with seniority of 5 to 9 years seemed to be more prone to occupational burnout. The coping style of GPs had obvious correlation with occupational burnout. Conclusion The status of occupational burnout among GPs is serious. To prevent and cure occupational burnout, more attention should be paid to female, senior technical post GPs and'persons with seniority of 5 to 9 years. And taking positive coping style can reduce GPs' occupational burnout.%目的 探讨社区医生职业倦怠的现状及其与应对方式的关系.方法 采用工作倦怠问卷(CMBI)、简易应对方式问卷对243名社区医生进行调查.结果 社区医生中有36.6%轻度倦怠,26.8%中度倦怠,3.3%重度倦怠;各维度,11.5%情感衰竭,44.9%人格解体,43.6%成就感降低.男性医生成就感高于女性;职称方面,高级职称医生人格解体更严重;苏北地区社区医生职业倦怠较苏中、苏南地区严重;工作5~9年的社区医生容易发生职业倦怠;社区医生的应对方式与职业倦怠呈显著相关.结论 社区医生职业倦怠现状严重,防治工作应关注女性、高级职称以及工作5~9年的医生,采用积极的应对方式有助于减轻职业倦怠.

  16. Coping Style and Its Influencing Factors to Quality of Life of Patients with Psoriasis%银屑病患者的应对方式及其对生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏晓颖

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨银屑病患者的应对方式及其与生活质量的相关性,了解银屑病患者的心理行为特点,为合理治疗提供依据.方法对湖南省长沙市、常德市3所医院皮肤科的144例银屑病住院患者进行问卷调查,内容包括患病情况、应对方式和生活质量.结果银屑病患者“面对”、“回避”、“屈服”的得分均高于常模;患者的年龄、性别、受教育水平、职业、收入等社会人口学特征,以及出血、瘙痒程度、皮损部位、发病年龄、患病时间、家族史、被拒绝的经历等病情特点均会影响其应对方式(P<0.05);疾病严重度、屈服、面对得分与生活质量得分呈正相关(P<0.05).结论银屑病对患者是一个很大的应激,患者的应对方式受到社会人口学特征和患病情况的影响,并在一定程度上影响了患者的生活质量.%Objective To investigate the coping style of patients with psoriasis,and the correlation with quality of life,understand the psychological behavior feature and provide evidence for suitable treatment. Methods 144 inpatients with psoriasis from 3 hospitals in Changsha and Changde were surveyed.Survey information consists of patient’s condition,coping style,and quality of life.Results The scores of “face”,“evasive”,“yield”of psoriasis patients were higher than the norm.The age,gender,education level,occupa-tion,income and other demographic features and bleeding,pruritus,skin damaged position,age of onset,du-ration of disease,family history,been rejected could affect the coping styles of patients(P<0.05).Positive correlations were found between the scores of severity of disease,yield and face(P<0.05).Conclusion Psoriasis is a big stress to patients;the coping style were affected by the socio-demographic characteristics and patients condition,and thus affect the quality of life.

  17. Influence of coping style on smoking behavior among middle school students in Xi'an%西安市中学生应对方式对尝试吸烟行为的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙果

    2011-01-01

    Objective To understand smoking situation of middle school students and to provide the basis for prevention and treatment of smoking behavior, the article explores the relationship between coping style and smoking behavior.Methods The questionnaire was conducted among 1 028 middle school students by random sampling from Grade eight, Grade ten and Grade twelve of 6 districts in Xi'an.Students Coping style was investigated: the relation between problem solving, seeking help, abreaction, fantasy, patience and their smoking behavior.Results The rate of young people trying to smoke was 34.1% in Xi'an.It had statistical significant of students smoking behavior among different grade and sex.The girls adopted more withdraw, abreaction and endurance than boys.The students of Grade ten were more likely to adopted problem solving, and those of grade eight were more likely to adopt problem seeking and withdraw.The students' coping style of problem-solving, avoidance, trying to imagine was related with their smoking behavior.Conclusion Coping style of middle school students is closely related to their smoking behavior.Students should be guided to use scientific methods to deal with stress so as to reduce smoking behavior.%目的 了解西安市中学生吸烟状况及其与应对方式的关系,为预防和矫治中学生吸烟行为提供依据.方法 从西安市6个城区随机抽取8所中学初二、高一和高三年级的1 028名学生,采用问卷调查分析中学生日常应对方式中问题解决、求助、发泄、幻想、忍耐与吸烟行为的关系.结果 西安市中学生尝试吸烟率为34.1%;中学生应对方式的性别、年级差异有统计学意义,女生采取退避、发泄和忍耐的方式多于男生,高三学生更多采取问题解决的方式,初二学生更多采取求助和退避的方式.中学生的问题解决、退避和幻想等应对方式与尝试吸烟行为之间存在相关.结论 中学生吸烟行为与其应对方式有密

  18. 乳腺癌患者心理应对调节与生活质量相关分析%Relationships between psychological adjustment, coping style and quality of life among breast cancer survivors

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱琳; 黄雪薇

    2013-01-01

    目的 了解乳腺癌患者心理调节、应对方式与生活质量之间的相关性.方法 采用病例对照研究方法,于2008年8月-2010年8月选择广东省广州市3家三级甲等医院确诊的女性乳腺癌患者进行调查,采用Pearson相关分析方法分析患者心理调节、应对方式及生活质量三者间相关性.结果 病例组生活质量的“躯体良好和能力”与应对的“发泄”、“幻想”均呈负相关(P<0.05),生活质量的“心理良好”与应对的“幻想”、“回避与压抑”均呈负相关(P<0.05);对照组生活质量的“社会良好”与应对的“发泄”、“幻想”、“屈服”均呈负相关(P<0.05),生活质量的“社会良好”与应对的“回避与压抑”呈正相关(r =0.259,P<0.05),生活质量的“心理良好”与应对的“屈服”呈正相关(r=0.268,P<0.05).结论 不同病程的乳腺癌患者采取不同的应对方式,长期存活者更倾向于积极乐观的应对调节.%Objective To explore relationships between psychological adjustment,coping style and quality of life among breast cancer survivors. Methods With matched case-control method, 128 female breast cancer patients were randomly recruited in three grade A class Ⅲ hospitals from August 2008 to August 2010 in Guangzhou city, Guangdong province. Pearson correlation analysis was used to investigate the relationships between psychological adjustment, coping style and quality of life in the patients. Results In case group,there were inverse correlations between physical well-being and fantacy/abreaction and between psychologic well-being and fancy avoidance,oppression(Ρ<0.05 for all). In control group,there were a significant inverse correlation between social well-being and abreaction(P<0.05) and significant positive correlations between social well-being and avoidance oppression ( P < 0.05) and between psycholic well-being and yielding (P<0.05). Conclusion There are correlations between

  19. 男性犯罪青少年的生活事件、社会支持和应对方式的对照研究%Male Crime Adolescents'Life Events,Social Supports and Coping Styles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    景璐石; 吴燕; 徐涛; 徐科; 徐平; 王铮

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the life events ,social support and coping styles of the criminal adolescent ,in order to provide the theoretical basis for the prevention of adolescent delinquency .Methods Totally 49 male criminal adolescent from 14 to 17 years old in a Chengdu young offender institution were selected as the crime group ,then extracted 44 students from a Chengdu professional high school as the matched group ,which matched the crime group in the terms of ages and sex .Using the General Condition Questionnaire of Youth (self-compiled),ASLEC,PSSS and TCSQ to finish the questionnaire survey of two groups .Results In the terms of life events,social support and coping styles,the two groups had statistical differences(P<0.05).The social support of the adolescent was correlated with coping styles(r=-0.323).Conclusion At a certain degree,the criminal adolescent are related to the life events ,social support and coping styles;improving the family situation and their educational accomplishment can help prevent the adolescent delinquency .%目的:对犯罪青少年的生活事件、社会支持和应对方式进行对比研究,从而为预防青少年犯罪提供一定的理论依据。方法从成都市某少教所抽取49名年龄在14~17周岁的男性犯罪青少年作为犯罪组,并从成都市某职高抽取44名学生作为对照组,在年龄、性别方面与犯罪组相匹配。用青少年一般情况问卷(自编)、青少年生活事件量表( ASLEC )、领悟社会支持量表( PSSS)和特质应对方式量表( TCSQ)对两组青少年进行问卷调查。结果犯罪青少年组的生活事件、社会支持和应对方式均与职高学生存在统计学差异(P<0.05)。犯罪青少年的社会支持与消极应对呈显著负相关(r=-0.323)。结论青少年犯罪与生活事件、社会支持和应对方式均有一定的关系;改善家庭情况和文化素养在一定程度上可预防青少年犯罪。

  20. Research on Sleeping Cognitive Psychology and the Coping Style of the Soldiers Resident in Tibet%驻藏官兵睡眠的认知心理特点与应对方式的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    甘景梨; 梁学军; 段惠峰; 刘飞; 时增科

    2015-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between sleeping