WorldWideScience

Sample records for high tech engineering

  1. High Tech

    OpenAIRE

    Manterola, Javier; Fernández Casado, S.A., Carlos

    1987-01-01

    "High Tech" is an architectural movement that emphasizes the technological dimension of the building as expression means. Its research includes the diverse structures composing the building: resistance, closing, services, distribution and communications. Its results are unequal since not all the buildings rising from this movement are high technology and already are other buildings not enrolled in this movement. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster are its main representatives.

  2. High Tech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manterola, Javier

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available "High Tech" is an architectural movement that emphasizes the technological dimension of the building as expression means. Its research includes the diverse structures composing the building: resistance, closing, services, distribution and communications. Its results are unequal since not all the buildings rising from this movement are high technology and already are other buildings not enrolled in this movement. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers and Norman Foster are its main representatives.

    "High Tech" es un movimiento arquitectónico que enfatiza la dimensión tecnológica del edificio como medio de expresión. Su investigación se fija en las diversas estructuras que configuran el edificio, la resistente, la de cerramiento, la de servicios, la de distribución y comunicaciones. Sus resultados son desiguales pues no todos los edificios que surgen de este movimiento son alta tecnología y muchos otros no inscritos en dicho movimiento sí lo son. Renzo Piano, Richard Rogers y Norman Foster son sus representantes más destacados.

  3. Engineering English and the High-Tech Industry: A Case Study of an English Needs Analysis of Process Integration Engineers at a Semiconductor Manufacturing Company in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Paul; Liu, Gi-Zen

    2013-01-01

    The global high-tech industry is characterized by extreme competitiveness, innovation, and widespread use of English. Consequently, Taiwanese high-tech companies require engineers that are talented in both their engineering and English abilities. In response to the lack of knowledge regarding the English skills needed by engineers in Taiwan's…

  4. Engineering English and the High-Tech Industry: A Case Study of an English Needs Analysis of Process Integration Engineers at a Semiconductor Manufacturing Company in Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spence, Paul; Liu, Gi-Zen

    2013-01-01

    The global high-tech industry is characterized by extreme competitiveness, innovation, and widespread use of English. Consequently, Taiwanese high-tech companies require engineers that are talented in both their engineering and English abilities. In response to the lack of knowledge regarding the English skills needed by engineers in Taiwan's…

  5. Forming system of strategic innovation management at high-tech engineering enterprises

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ergunova, O. T.; Lizunkov, V. G.; Malushko, E. Yu; Marchuk, V. I.; Ignatenko, A. Yu

    2017-02-01

    The article considers the processes of forming the strategic system of innovative activity management at the enterprises of a high-tech mechanical engineering complex (MEC) that are traditionally decisive in shaping the economic base of Russia. The authors proposed a method of designing a strategic system of innovative activity management at the MEC’s enterprises of the region which is based on the consideration of means and opportunities of the enterprise to implement intellectual activity. The proposed methodology and the empirical results constituted a ground for developing a system of strategic innovation management when performing the state-guaranteed order at the hi-tech MEC enterprises. Its implementation will help to reduce the level of uncertainty throughout the entire life cycle of an innovative activity product.

  6. High-Tech Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Eşsiz

    1999-05-01

    Full Text Available The technological development in building and construction area, bring with the new construction systems and the new products. The aim of this study is to define the High Tech concept, and set the common and basic characteristics of High Tech applications. During 1970’s High Tech was born and developed in Britain. Especially British Architects Richard Rogers, Michael Hopkins, Norman Foster, Nicholas Grimshaw and Ian Ritchie are the leaders of this style. Their architecture show the machine aesthetic and use of industrial revoluation materials such as glass and steel. The reasons for wide usage of this technology in building constructions are; the ease of renewing the structural and installation systems by the changing technology and giving monumentality to the prestige buildings. High Tech building which we have many examples of give their occupants a lot of opportunities and also they can adapt itself to the time.

  7. High-tech entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernasconi, Michel; Harris, Simon; Mønsted, Mette

    ; entrepreneurial finance; marketing technological innovations; and high-tech incubation management. Including case studies to give practical insights into genuine business examples, this comprehensive book has a distinctly 'real-world' focus throughout.Edited by a multi-national team, this comprehensive book......High-tech businesses form a crucial part of entrepreneurial activity - in some ways representing very typical examples of entrepreneurship, yet in some ways representing quite different challenges. The uncertainty in innovation and advanced technology makes it difficult to use conventional economic...... planning models, and also means that the management skills used in this area must be more responsive to issues of risk, uncertainty and evaluation than in conventional business opportunities. Whilst entrepreneurial courses do reflect the importance of high-tech businesses, they often lack the resources...

  8. Design Tech High School: d.tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    EDUCAUSE, 2015

    2015-01-01

    A Bay Area charter high school, d.tech develops "innovation-ready" students by combining content knowledge with the design thinking process while fostering a sense of autonomy and purpose. The academic model is grounded in self-paced learning through a flex schedule, high standards, and design thinking through a four-year design…

  9. High tech cheating.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Mary G

    2006-12-01

    The use of technology has enhanced the convenience, flexibility, and efficiency of both preparatory and continuing education. Unfortunately, academic dishonesty, including plagiarism, has shown a positive correlation with the increased use of technology in education. A review of the literature related to unintended outcomes of the use of technology in nursing education and continuing education was conducted to determine the ethical implications for the nursing profession. Although nursing research dealing with academic and professional misconduct is sparse, evidence suggests that academic dishonesty is a predictor of workplace dishonesty. Given this correlation between unethical classroom behavior and unethical clinical behavior, efforts to staunch academic dishonesty may help allay professional misconduct. A combination of high tech and low tech methods may be used to minimize unethical behaviors among students and practicing professional nurses in order to maintain the integrity of the profession.

  10. Virginia Tech opens Engineering Communications Center

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    In an attempt to provide the engineers of the 21st Century with top-notch professional skills to complement their technical expertise, Virginia Tech, one of ten largest undergraduate engineering programs in the country, has opened an Engineering Communication Center.

  11. High Tech M&As

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toppenberg, Gustav

    2013-01-01

    of findings are not applicable to the high-tech industry; in fact this industry has many additional challenges. In this study, we aim to explore the process of M&A in the high-tech industry by drawing on extant literature and empirical field work. The paper outlines a research project in progress which...... intends to provide theoretical, empirical and practical contributions in answering the research question: what role does Operations and IT play in creating value in high-tech M&As? The research adds a needed perspective on M&A literature by unveiling unique challenges and opportunities faced by the M...

  12. Development of High-Tech Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theuerkauf, Walter E.

    High tech systems not only generate new structures in the production process, but also involve profound changes in job organization, which in turn imply that job qualifications must be modified. In view of the changes within engineering systems and the relevant technologies, it seems expedient to choose a curricular approach based on the concepts…

  13. A strategy to assist management in workforce engagement and employee retention in the high tech engineering environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Elizabeth; Daim, Tugrul U

    2010-11-01

    Many companies use survey methods in an attempt to gauge employees' attitudes and opinions toward the company. These attitudes and opinions are directly related to an employee's engagement within the company. In many instances, employees wait in vain for the survey response and the subsequent employer actions, but the truth is sometimes management does not know what to do with the results. For this reason, we theorize that this type of survey, typically utilizing the Likert-scale, is not adequately assisting management in addressing employee engagement and retention issues. For instance, in many occasions, once the survey results are tabulated, companies are doing little or nothing to address the issues. In fact, far too many companies make the mistake of conducting employee engagement surveys, and then ignore the answers. Thus, we propose that a company should take advantage of the survey results, and utilize them to provide data to bridge employees' needs and goals with stakeholders' responsibilities and goals by refining and incorporating them into a hierarchical decision model (HDM). Thus, this would essentially be utilizing the quantitative data to determine what to measure qualitatively. We use a case from the high tech industry, specifically focusing on the engineering environment. Engineering environments are known to be more creative and such approaches would be more beneficial. Copyright (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. CROPS : high tech agricultural robots

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bontsema, J.; Hemming, J.; Pekkeriet, E.J.

    2014-01-01

    In the EU-funded CROPS (Clever Robots for Crops) project high tech robots are developed for site-specific spraying and selective harvesting of fruit and fruit vegetables. The harvesting robots are being designed to harvest high-value crops such as greenhouse vegetables, fruits in orchards and grapes

  15. CAD/CAM Helps Build Better Bots: High-Tech Design and Manufacture Draws Engineering-Oriented Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Name, Barry

    2012-01-01

    There is a battlefield where no quarter is given, no mercy shown, but not a single drop of blood is spilled. It is an arena that witnesses the bringing together of high-tech design and manufacture with the outpouring of brute force, under the remotely accessed command of some of today's brightest students. This is the world of battling robots, or…

  16. Managing large engineering changes : The case of a high-tech microlithography equipment manufacturer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, A.A.; Wortmann, J.C.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - In new product development (NPD), changes to the initial designs are often proposed for on-going design projects due to new insights. These engineering changes belong to a wide range from incremental to radical and, in their impact, even to discontinuous change. Consequently, the actual wo

  17. Managing large engineering changes : The case of a high-tech microlithography equipment manufacturer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, A.A.; Wortmann, J.C.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose - In new product development (NPD), changes to the initial designs are often proposed for on-going design projects due to new insights. These engineering changes belong to a wide range from incremental to radical and, in their impact, even to discontinuous change. Consequently, the actual wo

  18. High-tech meets end-user

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Steen, M.

    2008-01-01

    One challenge within the high-tech sector is to develop products that end users will actually need and will be able to use. One way of trying to match the design of high-tech products to the needs of end users, is to let researchers and designers interact with them via a human-centred design (HCD) a

  19. The 11th High-Tech Expo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ The 11th China Beijing International High-Tech Expo,themed as "high-tech Olympics and high-tech innovation",was rounded off successfully on the afternoon of May 25.The Expo,held as planned in such a special period of post-quake relief work,has shown us the power of technology and scientific spirit.It has not only given all the Chinese people the spiritual support and hope for the future but also opened a window for the international community to know more about the Beijing Oympic Games and the development of science and technology in China.

  20. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Y.J.; Smets, D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance. First the

  1. URBox : High tech energy and informal housing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cuperus, Y.J.; Smets, D.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the URBox concept encompassing the high tech end of solar energy and informal low cost and affordable housing. It aims to contribute to solving the global energy crisis by building solar energy settlements in deserts where land is affordable and sunshine in abundance. First the

  2. Theoretical Study of Agricultural High-tech Industrialization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jian; XU; Xianming; WU

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces the characteristics of the agricultural high-tech industries,and points out that the agricultural high-tech industries are intelligence-intensive and knowledge-intensive industries with the characteristics of high investment,high risk,high value-added, which focuses on constant innovation,having strong horizontal and vertical linkages with other enterprises and showing the trend of internationalization.The connotation of agricultural high-tech industrialization is analyzed as follows:Agricultural high-tech industrialization is the process of transformation of the agricultural high-tech achievements to the agricultural high-tech industries; essentially the marketization and commercialization of agricultural high technology; the manifestation of scale and level of agricultural high-tech industries; the manifestation of social impact,social status and social role of agricultural high-tech industries.The development strategies are put forward for agricultural high-tech industrialization:(1) Bringing the research of agricultural high technology into the orbit of the market economy; (2) Implementing the new mechanism to closely link agricultural high technology with modern rural enterprises; (3) Building the agricultural high-tech team with a larger size and high level; (4) Further improving the construction of the agricultural high-tech industrial development zone; (5) Solving the issues concerning agricultural intellectual property and patent; (6) Increasing policy guidance and support efforts for agricultural high-tech industries.

  3. Interpersonal Communication in High Tech Culture: Eastern or Western?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isenhart, Myra W.

    1987-01-01

    Investigates interpersonal communication in a high tech organization to test the association between high tech organizations and Western styles of symbolic interaction. Takes a diagnostic, rather than prescriptive, approach to organizational change. (MM)

  4. The High-Tech Industry and Its Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirk, James; Belovics, Robert

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to provide counselors, academic advisers, and career coaches with a basic understanding of the current state of the high-technology (high-tech) industry in the United States and the people who work in it. A profile of a high-tech worker is presented, several high-tech career developments are described, and selected…

  5. Differentiating Criteria for High-Tech Companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rostek Katarzyna

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Manufacturing companies operating within the high-technology sector are of interest to science, industry and national authorities because of the special economic importance attached to them. However, in order to investigate the condition of those companies, support their growth and monitor the effects of the aid awarded to them, it is first necessary to properly identify the business entities belonging to that sector. To identify the entities belonging to the high-technology industry, it is necessary to perform a sequence of activities which form the procedural algorithm. Usefulness of the algorithm has been verified using the example of a group of Warsaw high-tech companies which were subject to investigation under the European project Warsaw Entrepreneurship Forum. The algorithm could be used as the basis for the implementation of an IT tool for the identification and description of high-tech businesses.

  6. PREFACE: Modern Technologies in Industrial Engineering (ModTech2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oanta, E.; Comaneci, R.; Carausu, C.; Placzek, M.; Cohal, V.; Topala, P.; Nedelcu, D.

    2015-11-01

    The dominant feature of the current stage of society development is the update, refinement and innovation of the technological processes and products whose ultimate goal is to satisfy the market requirements. New and modern technologies should be considered in terms of their applicability in industry while the materials can lead to an increase in the quality of the end products. Replacing the existing technologies with innovative and eco-efficient technologies can contribute to an added value increase in the production of new materials. Materials are one of the most dynamic and prospective fields, with applications in all other fields. The development of new advanced materials and technologies shall contribute to the procurement of a wide range of reliable products, with competitive prices and worldwide performance, high sensitivity and functionality, user-friendly and reduced energy consumption, for different industrial applications. Research in the field of advanced/intelligent materials supposes a fundamental, experimental, laboratory and technological research and its approach has to be linked to the application. This involves, even for the niche fields, complex projects which result in scientific issues in top journals, patents and functional models. The third edition of ModTech International Conference was held in Mamaia, Romania, between June 17-20, with the Professional Association in Modern Manufacturing Technologies, ModTech, as main organizer, and the Constanta Maritime University, Constanta, Romania, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland, the Technical University of Chisinau, Republic of Moldova and the Donetsk National Technical University, Donetsk, Ukraine as co-organizers. The ModTech2015 International Conference brought together representatives of technology and materials manufacturers, various universities, professional associations and research institutes that exchanged the latest knowledge on the conference topics. This edition was

  7. Allina Health System's approach to high tech and high touch.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, T A

    1997-01-01

    All health care providers, regardless of their integration status, must meet customer expectations to maintain market share and viability. The balance between high tech and high touch customer interactions is not a fad or trend. For integrated health systems with the full continuum of medical care, additional challenges are presented by the organization's competing health care delivery and financing components. Allina Health System describes its integrated health system approach to satisfying customer high tech and high touch needs.

  8. Reformulating General Engineering and Biological Systems Engineering Programs at Virginia Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lohani, Vinod K.; Wolfe, Mary Leigh; Wildman, Terry; Mallikarjunan, Kumar; Connor, Jeffrey

    2011-01-01

    In 2004, a group of engineering and education faculty at Virginia Tech received a major curriculum reform and engineering education research grant under the department-level reform (DLR) program of the NSF. This DLR project laid the foundation of sponsored research in engineering education in the Department of Engineering Education. The DLR…

  9. High Energy Physics Research at Louisiana Tech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sawyer, Lee [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Greenwood, Zeno [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States); Wobisch, Marcus [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

    2013-06-28

    The goal of this project was to create, maintain, and strengthen a world-class, nationally and internationally recognized experimental high energy physics group at Louisiana Tech University, focusing on research at the energy frontier of collider-based particle physics, first on the DØ experiment and then with the ATLAS experiment, and providing leadership within the US high energy physics community in the areas of jet physics, top quark and charged Higgs decays involving tau leptons, as well as developing leadership in high performance computing.

  10. Biomedical Engineering Bionanosystems Research at Louisiana Tech University

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Palmer, James; Lvov, Yuri; Hegab, Hisham; Snow, Dale; Wilson, Chester; McDonald, John; Walker, Lynn; Pratt, Jon; Davis, Despina; Agarwal, Mangilal; DeCoster, Mark; Feng, June; Que, Long; O' Neal, Chad; Guilbeau, Eric; Zivanovic, Sandra; Dobbins, Tabbetha; Gold, Scott; Mainardi, Daniela; Gowda, Shathabish; Napper, Stan

    2010-03-25

    2 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol by 2013. Louisiana is well positioned to become a national contributor in cellulosic ethanol, with an excellent growing season, a strong pulp/paper industry, and one of the nation's first cellulosic ethanol demonstration plants. Dr. Palmer in Chemical Engineering at Louisiana Tech University is collaborating with Drs. Lvov and Snow in Chemistry and Dr. Hegab in Mechanical Engineering to capitalize on these advantages by applying nanotechnology to improve the cellulosic ethanol processes. In many of these processes, expensive enzymes are used to convert the cellulose to sugars. The nanotechnology processes developed at Louisiana Tech University can immobilize these enzymes and therefore significantly reduce the overall costs of the process. Estimates of savings range from approximately $32 million at each cellulosic ethanol plant, to $7.5 billion total if the 16 billion gallons of cellulosic ethanol is achieved. This process has the advantage of being easy to apply in a large-scale commercial environment and can immobilize a wide variety or mixture of enzymes for production. Two primary objectives with any immobilization technique are to demonstrate reusability and catalytic activity (both reuse of the immobilized enzyme and reuse of the polymer substrate). The scale-up of the layering-by-layering process has been a focus this past year as some interesting challenges in the surface chemistry have become evident. Catalytic activity of cellulase is highly dependent upon how the feed material is pretreated to enhance digestion. Therefore, efforts this year have been performed this year to characterize our process on a few of the more prevalent pretreatment methods.

  11. Tech-X发动机及其先进技术分析%Analysis on Tech-X Engine and Its Advance Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杰; 巨亚斌

    2013-01-01

      Tech-X发动机是GE公司研发的用于超大航程公务机的新一代高涵道比涡扇发动机。本文就Tech-X发动机的性能指标和先进技术创新进行了概括性分析,供相关人士参考。%The Tech-X is a high bypass turbofan engine currently under development by GE Aviation. It is being developed in paral el with the larger CFM International LEAP-X, and includes many similar technologies, like blisks and NOx reducing combustors. GE sees potential in using the engine both on large cabin business jets and regional aircraft, where it wil replace the CF34 in GE's production line.

  12. Come and see our new high-tech products!

    CERN Multimedia

    GS Department

    2010-01-01

    Since 1977, GMP has been active in the fields of laser, spectroscopy, electro-optics and micropositioning. Its mission is to link between suppliers of high tech products with the end users. On Wednesday 26 May between 10 and 12 a.m. - Room A, Main Building, (Bldg. 61/1-017) - you will be able to touch and try out our new laser products. Our specialized engineers will also be on hand to answer all your questions. A drink will be offered at the end of the presentation. There will also be the opportunity to plan meetings in the afternoon to further discuss and complicated questions.

  13. State support of the high-tech exports: comparative analysis and lessons for Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yevgen Panchenko

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The nature of the natural increase in the share of high-tech exports in the overall world exports and trade in general is revealed. The trends in geographical and industrial developments of a high-tech exports in 2004-2015 are shown in the world, developed countries and the EU. Based on the study of dynamics of the high-tech exports of the leading countries in general, as well as engineering products segment, the basic models of state regulation in this sphere are identified i.e. active dirigisme, moderate dirigisme and liberalism. The experience of maintaining a high-tech exports to the US, Germany, Britain, Japan, South Korea and China is summarized. The tendencies of high-tech exports of Ukrainian enterprises in industries such as aerospace engineering, electronics and telecommunications, scientific instruments, computer and office appliances, as well as military industrial products were analyzed. The directions of forming the state support of domestic exporters of high-tech products were identified.

  14. Another Innovation from High Tech High--Embedded Teacher Training

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griswold, Janie; Riordan, Rob

    2016-01-01

    High Tech High School's teaching internship program blends on-the-job work with classroom theory. Interns spend two years working as full teachers as they take courses. The program serves three large purposes: Train new teachers and build capacity in the HTH organization; train teachers in and beyond HTH for success in a wide range of contexts;…

  15. Patterns of Technological Innovation: A Comparative Analysis between Low-tech and High-tech Industries in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Eduardo Silveira Fontenele

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper is intended to contribute to the knowledge about the patterns of innovations in different economic sectors. Hence, the general objective is to assess the differences in rates, directions, sources and efforts of innovations between low-tech and high-tech industries in Brazil. The analysis is based on the database of a survey on innovation (PINTEC conducted by IBGE. The sample includes 8,578 innovative Brazilian companies surveyed from selected low-tech industries (food and textiles manufactures and high-tech industries (vehicles and electronics industries. Descriptive and factorial correspondence analysis were used to identify the variables regarding rates, directions, sources and efforts of innovation that discriminate the low-tech industries of high-tech. The results confirm that low-tech industries differ from high tech ones in all pattern of innovations dimensions analyzed. Hence, low tech industries, compared to high-tech ones, are less innovative, innovate more in process, have fewer people dedicated to R&D, present suppliers as the most significant source of information and is a larger user of Government funding for the purchase of machinery and equipment. On the other hand, the high-tech industries are more innovative, innovate more in products, have more people dedicated to R&D, search for information of other groups of companies, customers and competitors, and their larger use of public financing is for investing in R&D.

  16. High Touch in a High-Tech World

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gibson, Cindy L.

    2009-01-01

    In a world of high tech and low touch, it is easy for public relations programs to stray from tried-and-true interpersonal strategies long associated with solid communication planning. New technologies allow communications professionals to quickly send e-mails and telephone calls to selected groups. Social media sites provide users immediate…

  17. An analisys of consumers’ expenditures on high-tech products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dovleac, L.

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Hightech products are gradually adopted by consumers, who become to consider them indispensable. Their acquisition requires each time a pretty significant financial investment and a serious decision with a high perceived risk. In this paper we intend to analyse some financial issues related to high-tech products purchased by consumers from Brasov city in 2009, such as: the amount of money spent on high tech products, the financial sources used, the connections between expenditures and consumer’s characteristics.

  18. China's High-tech Exports: Myth and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Xing, Yuqing

    2011-01-01

    China’s leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics, which are inconsistent with the trade based on global supply chains. Assembled high-tech products, made with imported key parts and components, accounted for 82% of China’s high-tech exports. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of these assembled products to China, thus greatly inflate the export value. For instance, in 2009 China’s export in the iPhone amounted US$4.6 billion, o...

  19. Pricing Policy and Strategies for Consumer High-Tech Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dovleac, L.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the complex process of price setting for consumer high-tech products. These prices are highly influenced by some external factors from the economic and social environment. The main objective of this paper is to establish the most effective pricing policies and strategies used by high-tech companies of various sizes. Decisions about price fixing for consumer high-technology products are largely influenced by consumer behaviour, too.

  20. Promoting High-tech Industrialization through Mechanism Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guo Haiyan; Zhao Baohua

    2002-01-01

    @@ With the further implementation of the knowledge innovation program (KIP), piloted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), encouraging progress has been made in contributing to the development of the country's high-tech industry, and forging S&T cooperation with local governments and industrial sectors. This was revealed at the Second CAS Conference on High-tech Industrialization April 25 - 29 in Shenzhen, Guangdong Province.

  1. Determining Studies Conducted upon Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder Using High-Tech Devices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eliçin, Özge; Kaya, Ali

    2017-01-01

    This study explores 67 experimental research articles written about children with Autism Spectrum Disorder using high-tech devices. The studies in this research were accessed through EBSCO, Academic Search Complete, ERIC, and Uludag University online search engines using keywords such as "autism and technology", "autism and…

  2. Fuzzy model investic do High-tech projektů

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alžběta Kubíčková

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose of the article: Relations among parameters of High-tech projects are very complex, vague, partially inconsistent and multidimensional. Optimal decisions to invest into High-tech companies require top field experts and knowledgeable investors. Therefore the conventional methods of investments analysis are not relevant. Therefore fuzzy logic is introduced. Methodology/methods: A fuzzy knowledge base is a flexible framework for acquisition of vague inconsistent knowledge items which are typical for knowledge economics and consequently for High-tech projects. The pooling of the records and / or observations represents a trade-off between minimal modification of the original data and elimination of inconsistencies among available sets of data. Scientific aim: The paper presents a detailed description of fuzzy model of investment decision making into High-tech firm’s projects. A set of conditional statements was used to formalize the effects of selected variables on investment feasibility of High-tech projects. The main aim is to quantify feasibilities of High-tech projects risk investors make good /not bad decisions. Findings: A set of 50 observations of High-tech companies was transformed into a set of 50 conditional statements using 14 variables. The result is the fuzzy model, which can be used to answer investors’ queries. Two queries are answered and presented in details as an example and as a nucleus of a fuzzy dialogue investor – computer. Conclusions: The main problem is the sparseness of the fuzzy model. Many fuzzy similarities are relatively low and the decision process is therefore often problematic. A much more complex set of variables must be applied to specify the fuzzy model to increase reliability of predictions and decisions.

  3. Virginia Tech structural engineer part of a winning design team for unusual corporate headquarters

    OpenAIRE

    Steeves, Sue

    2010-01-01

    The American Institute of Steel Construction has presented a national award to a design team, including a Virginia Tech structural engineer, for its work on a dramatic cantilevered corporate headquarters building in Michigan.

  4. Employment and Earnings in High-Tech Ethnic Niches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jennifer C.

    2013-01-01

    The increase in high-skilled immigrants to the United States coincided with the expansion of the high-technology sector, and now a large share of Asian immigrants concentrate in high-tech industries. Despite much research on the relationship between ethnic concentration and labor market outcomes, the association between ethnic niche employment and…

  5. A new partnership: joint ventures and high-tech imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutherford, R M

    1987-01-01

    Today joint ventures are a viable option for acquiring high-tech, high-priced imaging equipment. In this article based on his RSNA Associated Sciences presentation, Mr. Rutherford discusses a variety of issues concerning joint ventures: planning, tax considerations, structure and the ethics question.

  6. Educating Students to Boost Innovation and High-tech Entrepreneurship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg, Rolf Henrik

    Promoting innovative thinking among students is crucial to educating the workforce necessary for innovation-led economies. And high-tech entrepreneurs are a crucial source of creating new jobs. Innovation is not an exact discipline or a system one can just implement. By contrast, it is very much...

  7. Asia's New High-Tech Competitors: An SRS Special Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rausch, Lawrence M.

    This report profiles nine economies linked by Asian identity, yet marked by great economic and technological disparity, in order to project which economies will be full-fledged participants and competitors in tomorrow's high-tech product markets. Based on the various indicators of technological activity and competitiveness presented in this…

  8. Ten Niche Strategies To Commercialize New High-Tech Products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ortt, J.R.; Langley, D.J.; Pals, N.

    2013-01-01

    There are serious gaps in the scientific literature relating to niche strategies as a means for commercializing new high-tech products. In particular, there is no clarity about what types of niche strategies can be distinguished, or how a niche strategy can be selected to suit a certain ituation. In

  9. High-tech composites to ancient metals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.Y. Zhang

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Neutron diffraction methods offer a direct measure of the elastic component of strain deep within crystalline materials through precise characterisation of the interplanar crystal lattice spacing. The unique non-destructive nature of this measurement technique is particularly beneficial in the context of engineering design and archaeological materials science, since it allows the evaluation of a variety of structural and deformational parameters inside real components without material removal, or at worst with minimal interference. We review a wide range of recent experimental studies using the Engin-X materials engineering instrument at the ISIS neutron source and show how the technique provides the basis for developing improved insight into materials of great importance to applications and industry.

  10. High-tech exports from developing countries: A symptom of technology spurts or statistical illusion?

    OpenAIRE

    Martin Srholec

    2005-01-01

    Specialization in high-tech products is frequently used to capture technology intensity of exports. The literature suggests that developing countries are increasingly becoming exporters of high-tech products, and some may even be among the most deeply specialized countries in the field of high-tech exports. The paper scrutinizes the relevance of the taxonomies that classify exports by technological intensity in this context. It is shown that specialization in high-tech exports typically does ...

  11. When High Tech ceases to be High Growth: The Loss of Dynamism of the Cambridgeshire Regio

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stam, E.; Martin, R.

    2012-01-01

    This paper analyses mechanisms of decline and renewal in high-tech regions, illustrated with empirical evidence on the Cambridgeshire high-tech region in the UK. The paper contributes to ecological (‘carrying capacity’) and evolutionary (path dependence) theories of regional development. It provides

  12. Entrepreneurship in high-tech and knowledge-intensive sectors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Patrizia V.; Madsen, Henning; Neergaard, Helle

    development of new enterprises in high-tech and knowledge-intensive sectors are analysed in relation to the educational and professional background of the entrepreneur/entrepreneurial team, as well as the personal and professional social networks of the entrepreneurs. The analysis is based on a theoretical...... framework combining theories of human and social capital. Secondary aspects addressed in the research project are questions of male vs. female entrepreneurship, internationalisation-globalisation, and business success/failure....

  13. Wearable high-tech gear for homeland security personnel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venkateswarlu, Ronda; Hui Wei, Choo; Li Lian, Ngiam; Lim, E. T.; Zhu, Zijian; Yang, Mingjiang

    2006-05-01

    Recent homeland security problems in various countries indicate that fixed surveillance systems at important places are not adequate enough. As the security threats take new dimensions in future, mobile smart security personnel wearing high-tech gear will form the basic infrastructure. See first, listen first, detect first, track first, communicate first with peers, assess the threat and coordinate with security head-quarters are the functions of high-tech gear. This paper proposes a high-tech gear involving (i) hands-free and obtrusion-free textile-based wearable microphone array to capture users voice and interface with body-worn computer, (ii) microphone arrays embedded in textiles to listen and record others voices from a distance, (iii) miniature cameras embedded in the shirt to provide the user with omni vision (iv) wireless personal display as GUI hidden in textile or natural glasses, (v) GPS and body area network for positional awareness for information in the form of text or textile integrated, (vi) reconfigurable HW/SW for all the above functions configured in the form of a usual belt. The main focus of this paper is how to configure the high-tech gear with all these sophisticated functions to disappear into the natural wearables of the user giving him normal look in the public. This project is sponsored by Defence Science & Technology Agency, Ministry of Defence, Singapore. This paper covers multi-discipline technologies at system level, hence not possible to go into details of any subsystem. The main objective of this paper is to share our thoughts and get feedback. Progress and some critical design issues are discussed in this paper.

  14. A Concept of Constructing a Common Information Space for High Tech Programs Using Information Analytical Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zakharova, Alexandra A.; Kolegova, Olga A.; Nekrasova, Maria E.

    2016-04-01

    The paper deals with the issues in program management used for engineering innovative products. The existing project management tools were analyzed. The aim is to develop a decision support system that takes into account the features of program management used for high-tech products: research intensity, a high level of technical risks, unpredictable results due to the impact of various external factors, availability of several implementing agencies. The need for involving experts and using intelligent techniques for information processing is demonstrated. A conceptual model of common information space to support communication between members of the collaboration on high-tech programs has been developed. The structure and objectives of the information analysis system “Geokhod” were formulated with the purpose to implement the conceptual model of common information space in the program “Development and production of new class mining equipment - “Geokhod”.

  15. High-Tech Means High-Efficiency: The Business Case for EnergyManagement in High-Tech Industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shanshoian, Gary; Blazek, Michele; Naughton, Phil; Seese, RobertS.; Mills, Evan; Tschudi, William

    2005-11-15

    In the race to apply new technologies in ''high-tech'' facilities such as data centers, laboratories, and clean rooms, much emphasis has been placed on improving service, building capacity, and increasing speed. These facilities are socially and economically important, as part of the critical infrastructure for pharmaceuticals,electronics, communications, and many other sectors. With a singular focus on throughput, some important design issues can be overlooked, such as the energy efficiency of individual equipment (e.g., lasers, routers and switches) as well as the integration of high-tech equipment into the power distribution system and the building envelope. Among technology-based businesses, improving energy efficiency presents an often untapped opportunity to increase profits, enhance process control,maximize asset value, improve the work place environment, and manage a variety of business risks. Oddly enough, the adoption of energy efficiency improvements in this sector lags behind many others. As a result, millions of dollars are left on the table with each year ofoperation.

  16. High-Tech Partnerships Mean Business

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schachter, Ron

    2013-01-01

    It's not news that public school districts have maintained productive relationships with the business community over the years. In Ohio, Cincinnati Bell recently helped a failing high school in the Cincinnati Public Schools transform itself into an information technology academy by providing student internships, a fleet of volunteer mentors, and…

  17. Britain's Ivory Tower Goes High Tech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dickson, David

    1985-01-01

    Encouraging a science park at Cambridge University has resulted in a geographically compact community with a broad range of high-technology industries. Factors leading to this university/business success (also called "The Cambridge Phenomenon") include: more relaxed attitudes about faculty's outside activities; positive attitudes toward…

  18. High-Tech, Low-Temp Insulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    Under an SBIR (Small Business Innovative Research) contract with Ames, S.D. Miller & Associates developed new manufacturing methods for multi-layer metal spacecraft insulation that could significantly reduce launch weight and launch costs. The new honeycomb structure is more efficient than fibers for insulation. Honeycombs can be made from metals for high temperature uses, even plastic insulation from recycled milk bottles. Under development are blankets made from recycled milk bottles which will be field tested by the Red Cross and ambulance companies. Currently available are honeycomb mittens based on the same technology.

  19. High-tech buildings - Market transformation project

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Applications Team

    2001-10-01

    Facility managers and designers know their buildings are energy intensive yet have few techniques to quantify cleanroom energy performance. Benchmarking identifies the energy end uses in a cleanroom. As expected, besides the process loads, which are often very intense, the mechanical systems are the most energy intensive in these buildings. Benchmarking the mechanical systems and components can provide useful information on system and component performance and provide a basis to identify energy-saving opportunities in cleanrooms. HVAC systems in cleanrooms are dramatically different from their counterparts in commercial buildings in terms of reliability, safety requirements, and scale. The design of cleanroom HVAC systems is a specialty area requiring unique understanding of cleanliness guidelines, airflow quantities, room pressurization, code requirements, specialty equipment, tight control, and many more details. The HVAC systems must also operate reliably and safely. Since recirculation air systems use large amounts of fan power in moving large amounts of conditioned air through HEPA filters, the cleanroom, and return pathways they represent one of the largest energy end uses in a cleanroom. In addition, many processes requiring cleanrooms also have large make-up and exhaust airflow needs requiring huge amounts of energy to move and condition the displaced air. Energy intensity for mechanical systems in cleanrooms ranges between 4 to 100 times that of commercial buildings. There is, however, a lack of comparative data on the performance of cleanroom mechanical systems. To better understand existing cleanroom systems in high technology industries, and to better enable building owners, operators, and designers to compare energy use for a given cleanroom to others, it is necessary to benchmark energy performance in such facilities.

  20. Seoul: Korea's high-tech hotbed.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rusoff, D

    1987-04-01

    Seoul, Korea, is in the throes of change--in the way its people live, in the jobs they do, and in the makeup of its populace. The city of Seoul proper houses 1 out of every 4 Koreans. Home to 95 of Korea's 100 largest trading companies and 42 of the 46 family-based industrial conglomerates--Seoul controls Korean commerce. Employment opportunities have kept pace with Seoul's rapidly growing labor supply resulting in low unemployment by developing country standards. Only 12.3% of Koreans now live below the poverty line, down from nearly 41% in 1962. The real per capita income in Seoul rose from a dismal $87 in 1962 to nearly $2000 in 1985. The completion of 2 commuter rail lines in 1974 accelerated the movement of people out of the city and into suburban areas, concentrating urban growth along the railway corridors. Population densities in the city's central wards make Seoul 1 of the world's most densely populated cities. Although Seoul's population is young--27.9% of the population was under age 15 in 1983-- it is becoming increasingly dominated by those of working age. Seoul is essentially a city of migrants; more than 1/2 of the city's grwoth since 1960 is attributable to in-migration. Although the trend is toward rising white-collar employment, Seoul is still a blue-collar town. Seoul's educational system is so highly regarded in Korea that families move to seoul just to enroll their children. Korean spending patterns are influenced greatly by the Korean penchant for higher education.

  1. Displacement in new economy labor markets: Post-displacement wage loss in high tech versus low tech cities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Daniel J; Rubin, Beth A

    2016-11-01

    While scholars and politicians tout education as the salve to employment disruptions, we argue that the geography of the new economy, and the social closure mechanisms that geography creates, may be just as important as individuals' characteristics for predicting post-displacement wage loss (or gain). We use data from the 2012 Displaced Workers ement of the Current Population Survey and from the 2010 United States Census to test hypotheses linking local labor markets in different industrial contexts to post-displacement wage loss. Our results point to age as a closure mechanism, and to the partially protective effect of education in high-tech versus low-tech economic sectors. This study is the first to use national level data to examine how employment in high-tech cities influences post-displacement wages. These findings are relevant both for theorizing about the new economy and for public policy. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  2. Advanced Polymeric Materials for High-tech Innovations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG; BenZhong

    2001-01-01

    High technology is advancing our society and modernizing our life and advanced materials play an important role in the technological innovations. My research group has been working on the development of advanced polymeric materials and in this talk I will report our recent work on the creation of new conjugated polymers with novel molecular structures and unique materials properties.1-18 Our work include the design of molecular structures of monomeric building blocks, development of stable, effective and environmentally benign "green” polymerization catalysts, discovery of new polymerization reactions, synthesis of functional macromolecules, fabrication of nanodimensional composites, assembly and control of hierarchical structures, and construction of electrooptical devices. We have revealed the liquid crystallinity, light emission, photoconductivity, optical limiting, nano-hybridization, solvatochromism, optical activity, self-organization, and biological activity of the linear polyacetylenes and hyperbranched polyarylenes. The utilization of the advanced polymers and their interesting materials properties for high-tech innovations will be discussed.  ……

  3. Advanced Polymeric Materials for High-tech Innovations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@ High technology is advancing our society and modernizing our life and advanced materials play an important role in the technological innovations. My research group has been working on the development of advanced polymeric materials and in this talk I will report our recent work on the creation of new conjugated polymers with novel molecular structures and unique materials properties.1-18 Our work include the design of molecular structures of monomeric building blocks, development of stable, effective and environmentally benign "green” polymerization catalysts, discovery of new polymerization reactions, synthesis of functional macromolecules, fabrication of nanodimensional composites, assembly and control of hierarchical structures, and construction of electrooptical devices. We have revealed the liquid crystallinity, light emission, photoconductivity, optical limiting, nano-hybridization, solvatochromism, optical activity, self-organization, and biological activity of the linear polyacetylenes and hyperbranched polyarylenes. The utilization of the advanced polymers and their interesting materials properties for high-tech innovations will be discussed.

  4. PREFACE: 3rd International Conference on Science & Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics 2015 (ScieTech 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaol, F. L.

    2015-06-01

    The 3rd International Conference on Science & Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics 2015 (ScieTech 2015), was held at The Westin Resort Nusa Dua, Bali on 31 January - 1 February 2015. The ScieTech 2015 conference is aimed to bring together researchers, engineers and scientists from around the world. ScieTech 2015 is placed on promoting interaction between the theoretical, experimental, and applied communities, so that a high level exchange is achieved in new and emerging areas within mathematics, chemistry and physics. As we already know that science and technology have brought tremendous benefits for human civilization. People are becoming healthier, wealthier, better educated, more peaceful, increasingly connected, and living longer. Of course, science and technology provide many answers to global challenges, but we will face more complex problems in the next decade due to increasing world population, limitation of energy, and climate change. Therefore, researchers should be more active in conducting research that enables collaboration between one and the others. Interdisciplinary cooperation is absolutely necessary in order to create a smart system for solving the global problems. We need a global and general long-term view of the future with long-range goals for solving complex problems in next decade. Therefore the conference was held to be a forum for researchers from different disciplines to start collaborating and conducting research that provides a solution to the global issues. The theme of ScieTech 2015 was ''The interdisciplinary Application between Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics to enhance the Quality of Life''. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all in the Technical Program Committee who have reviewed the papers and developed a very interesting conference program as well as the invited and plenary speakers. This year, we received 197 papers and after rigorous review, 59 papers were accepted. The participants came from 19

  5. Knowledge acquisition and creation in the high-tech industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliano Pavanelli Stefanovitz

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the new challenges that come with the emergence of knowledge-based approaches on organizational studies. It is widely recognized, in this context, the increasing importance of understanding the processes through which companys acquire, storage, disseminate and create knowledge. This research analysis the knowledge creation and external acquisition processes in the high-tech industry, environment in which intensive use of knowledge is made. For that, it presents a case study of an R&D Division of a company present in the industrial automation market. In recognition of its innovative competence, this company won the FINEP Prize – Technological Innovation. In this study, besides the identification of the main external knowledge sources, an analysis of the knowledge types conversion observed in its product development activities is made.

  6. Power quality in high-tech campus: a case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moreno-Munoz, A.; Redel, M.; Gonzalez, M. [Universidad de Cordoba (Spain). Departamento de Electrotecnia y Electronica

    2006-07-01

    This paper presents preliminary results from a power-quality audit conducted at a high-tech campus over the last year. Voltage and current were measured at various R and D buildings; it was found that the main problems for the equipment installed were voltage sags and surges. The paper examines the causes and effects of power disturbances that affect computer or any other microprocessor-based equipment and analyses the auto-protection capabilities of modern power supplies. The convenience of 'enhanced power supply' or 'low-cost customer-side' protection solutions is also discussed. Finally, it addresses the role of the standards on the protection of electronic equipment and the implications for the final customer. (author)

  7. A Decision Support System for Identification and Evaluation of High-tech Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GAO Chang-yuan; LIANG Jing-guo; CAO Xiu-ying

    2002-01-01

    According to high-tech product features and decision support system theory, a decision support system (DSS) for identification and evaluation of high-tech products has been designed which consists of the user interface subsystem, the data management subsystem, the model management subsystem and the knowledge management subsystem. This paper describes the function and the framework of the system.

  8. Research on the competitiveness of high-tech industries in northeast China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Lei; Wang, Yang; Wang, Ming-Quan; Xiao, Yan-Bo; Gao, Ming

    2017-06-01

    Based on characteristics of high-tech industry in Northeast China, high-tech industry competitiveness index system was developed, and the competitiveness of high-tech industry was evaluated through principal component analysis and location quotient method. The results showed that the scale of high-tech industry in Northeast China as a whole was small, and presented a decreasing trend for the proportion in the country. The competitiveness of high-tech industry in Northeast China lagged far behind that of the eastern and central regions. The high-tech industry competitiveness of Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang provinces in China ranked 15, 19 and 21, respectively. The manufacture of medicine in Jilin province, and the manufacture of aircraft and spacecraft and the related equipment in Liaoning and Heilongjiang provinces had high competitive advantage, but the manufacture of electronic equipment and communication equipment and the manufacture of computers and office equipment was lack of competitiveness. The development suggestions were put forward to improve the competitiveness of high-tech industries in Northeast China.

  9. [The development of strategic management of high-tech surgical medical care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nechaev, V S; Krasnov, A V

    2013-01-01

    The high-tech surgical medical care is one of the most effective types of medical care in Russia. However high-tech surgical treatment very often is inaccessible for patients. The development of basics of strategic management of high-tech surgical care makes it possible to enhance availability of this type of care and to shorten the gap between volumes of rendered care and population needs. This approach can be resulted in decrease of disability and mortality of the most prevalent diseases of cardio-vascular diseases, malignant neoplasms, etc. The prerequisites can be developed to enhance life quality and increase longevity of population.

  10. The People's Republic of China's high-tech exports: Myth and reality

    OpenAIRE

    Xing, Yuqing

    2012-01-01

    Trade statistics portray the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the largest exporter of high-tech products. In this paper I will argue that the PRC's leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics which are inconsistent with trade based on global supply chains. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of assembled high-tech products to the PRC, thus greatly inflating its exports. In 2009, the PRC's value-added accounted for only about 3% ...

  11. China s Imp.& Exp.of New and High-tech Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Import of New and High-tech Products Increases Rapidly The proportion of new and high-tech products in the total import continues to increase.Ever since 1991,the proportion of new and high-tech products in the total import has experienced a continuous growth.It took up only 14.8% of the total import in 1991.The figure reached 20.8% in 1998,and further rose to that of 26.3% in 2001.From January to June this year,the import of new and hightech products totaled 34.540 billion USD,up 18.1% over the same per...

  12. Is there a large-country advantage in high-tech?

    OpenAIRE

    Jan Fagerberg

    1995-01-01

    High-tech is a commonly used catch-word for industries that use a relatively large share of their resources on R&D and develop many new products and processes. It is a widely held view that high- tech is good for growth, and that countries that succeed in high- tech industry perform well. Schumpeterian theory, as well as the more recent “new growth” theories, are often quoted in support of this view. However, the “new growth” theories also suggest that large countries are more likely than sma...

  13. Iowa High School High Tech: Promoting Careers in Technology for Students with Disabilities. Final Report and Implementation Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McQuillen, Terry; Nietupski, John; Berg, Deana Duncan; Daugherty, Vicki; Bildstein, Stephanie

    This final report and implementation manual describes the activities and outcomes of Iowa's High School High Tech (HSHT) program, a joint effort of Grant Wood Area Education Agency and Goodwill Industries of Southeast Iowa to inspire students with disabilities to pursue high tech careers. The program provides opportunities for students to learn…

  14. Kalam's visit to cement Indo-Swiss ties in high tech area

    CERN Multimedia

    Sumir, Paul

    2005-01-01

    Seeking to boost Indo-Swiss cooperation in high tech areas, President APJ Abdul Kalam arrived in Geneva on a four-day visit to Switzerland aimed at firming up plans for future cooperation with the CERN

  15. High-Tech Blood Sugar Monitors May Help People with Type 1 Diabetes

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... gov/news/fullstory_163211.html High-Tech Blood Sugar Monitors May Help People With Type 1 Diabetes ... need insulin shots every day manage their blood sugar levels safely, two new studies suggest. Also known ...

  16. Technology for Tomorrow---High-Tech Exhibition Held in HONG KONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang Lin

    1997-01-01

    @@ "Technology for Tomorrow"--- High-Tech Exhibition has been held by Hong Kong Science & Technology Sector for Celebration of Return of Sovereignty Association and China Association Science & Technology on June 28 to July 4, 1997 in Hong Kong.

  17. FDA OKs High-Tech Diabetes Device to Help Replace Fingerstick Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: https://medlineplus.gov/news/fullstory_162638.html FDA OKs High-Tech Diabetes Device to Help Replace ... too low, and potentially incorrect insulin dosing, the FDA said. The Dexcom G5 is the first continuous ...

  18. Comparative Analysis of Capital Productivity in China's High-Tech Industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LingWang; AdamSzirmai

    2005-01-01

    While labor productivity is a topic of constant debate and has been studied extensively, far less attention has been devoted to the question of capital productivity. Productive use of physical capital is an important source of economic growth and investment return. This paper presents a comparative study of capital productivity in China's high-tech industry. Using a version of the perpetual inventory method (PIM), new estimates have been made of the physical capital stock by sector. Capital productivity in China's high-tech industry is higher than in total manufacturing, but the gap between them has been shrinking. Comparison with high-tech industries in the US., highlights that China's high-tech industries could play a more important role in the growth of manufacturing and the whole economy.

  19. Bioreactor technology: a novel industrial tool for high-tech production of bioactive molecules and biopharmaceuticals from plant roots.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sivakumar, Ganapathy

    2006-12-01

    Plants are the richest source for different bioactive molecules. Because of the vast number of side effects associated with synthetic pharmaceuticals, medical biotechnologists turned to nature to provide new promising therapeutic molecules from plant biofactories. The large-scale availability of the disease- and pesticide-free raw material is, however, restricted in vivo. Many bioactive plant secondary metabolites are accumulated in roots. Engineered plants can also produce human therapeutic proteins. Vaccines and diagnostic monoclonal antibodies can be won from their roots, so that engineered plants hold immense potential for the biopharmaceutical industry. To obtain sufficient amounts of the plant bioactive molecules for application in human therapy, adventitious and hairy roots have to be cultured in in vitro systems. High-tech pilot-scale bioreactor technology for the establishment of a long-term adventitious root culture from biopharmaceutical plants has recently been established. In this review, I briefly discuss a technology for cultivating bioactive molecule-rich adventitious and hairy roots from plants using a high-tech bioreactor system, as well as the principles and application of genome-restructuring mechanisms for plant-based biopharmaceutical production from roots. High-tech bioreactor-derived bioactive phytomolecules and biopharmaceuticals hold the prospect of providing permanent remedies for improving human well-being.

  20. Problems and Countermeasures of Zhejiang High-Tech Enterprises Industry-University-Institute Cooperation in China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Qing; Mao, Chong-Feng; Hou, Lin

    Industry-university-institute cooperation is an important means to accelerate technical development and achievements for high-tech enterprises. Considering that Zhejiang high-tech enterprises existed some problems which included low cooperative level, single distribution, weak secondary R&D ability, obvious risk and so on, government should play an guiding role on improving information service system, enhancing cooperative level, promoting scientific intermediary service organization system construction, and building better environment for Industry-university-institute cooperation.

  1. 14th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP 14)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-04-01

    Preface The High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP) is a bi-annual international conference based in Europe with topics encompassing the whole area of plasma processing science. This conference is open to all the international community in the world involved in plasma science and plasma technology. The aim of the conference is to bring different scientific communities together, facilitate the contacts between science, technology and industry and provide a platform for the exploration of both fundamental topics and new applications of plasmas. For this edition of HTPP, as was the case for the last, we have achieved a well balanced participation from the communities of both thermal and non-thermal plasma researchers. 75 people from 17 countries attended the conference with the total number of contributions being 74, consisting of 19 invited talks and 55 poster contributions. As a HTPP tradition a poster competition has been carried out during the conference. The winner of the poster competition was Fabrice Mavier from Université de Limoges, France with his paper “Pulsed arc plasma jet synchronized with drop-on-demand dispenser” All the participants also ejoyed the social program including an “unconventional” tour of the city, the visit to the famous Hofbräuhaus and the dinner at the Blutenburg, a beautiful inner-city castle. We have received papers corresponding to the contributions of HTPP-2014 that have been submitted for publication in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Each submitted contribution has been peer reviewed and the Editors are very grateful to the referees for their careful support in improving the original manuscripts. In total, 18 manuscripts have been accepted for publication covering a range of topics of plasma processing science from plasma fundamentals to process applications through to experiments, diagnostics and modelling. We deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high-grade contributions and we

  2. Understanding Mexican High-tech Organizations: A Conceptualization Problem?

    OpenAIRE

    2001-01-01

    Working paper serie RMT (WPS 01-07), 23 p.; This study investigates the differences between intensive technology and low-tech firms located in Mexico, focusing on the Human Resources Management functions. 31 interviews and 50 answered questionnaires were used in this analysis. The results show that while Mexico is not yet a fully developed technological country. Indeed, technologically intensive firms are rare cases. Mexico is progressing rapidly towards a technologically developed country in...

  3. High-tech maintenance for high-speed trains

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez, Javier Rutz [Nertus Mantenimiento Ferroviario, S.A., Madrid (Spain); Hofmann, Manfred [Siemens AG, Erlangen (Germany). Mobility Div., Integrated Services

    2011-03-15

    Reliable, punctual trains cannot do without professional maintenance. Nertus S.A., a joint subsidiary of Siemens and Renfe, is responsible for providing precisely this for the Spanish high-speed train, Velaro E (AVE S103), which operates between Madrid and Barcelona. (orig.)

  4. Laser Processing of High-Tech Materials at High Irradiance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-05-13

    CHARGED PARTICLES (Electrons, Ions, Plasma) * "PHOTONS LASER IMPULSE VAPOR SPALLATION CRATER SHOCK WAVE THERMAL WAVE Fig. I - Interaction of a high...metals. 2ŗ𔃾 Shaping includes drilling , cutting, bending, laser assisted machining (turning and milling) and direct laser machining. Joining includes...induces a tensile stress which can be sufficient to exceed the material’s strength. This dynamic fracture of material is called spallation . Although

  5. Empirical Study on the Measurement of the Technical Efficiency of Jilin Province’s Five High-tech Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yao Jie

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper first analyzed the industrial distribution of Jilin province’s high-tech enterprises, and then selected 13 input and output indicators based on analyzing the influence factors of high-tech industry. Through the correlation analysis between each indicator’s relevant data, the paper constructed the technical efficiency evaluation model of Jilin Province’s high-tech industries including 12 indicators. After that it measured the technical efficiency of Jilin Province’s five high-tech industries from 2004 to 2013 by using DEA analysis method. Finally, this paper drew conclusions and gave suggestions.

  6. Ten Years Evidence-Based High-Tech Acupuncture Part 3: A Short Review of Animal Experiments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Litscher

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available High-tech acupuncture research has been performed for 10 years at the Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at the Medical University of Graz. This article as a part of a series comprises animal experiments in the field of needle and laser acupuncture. The investigations presented in this article were performed in pigs, dogs and sheep. In all studies sedative stimulation effects of the acupoint Yintang are described using different measurement parameters (EEG-bispectral index, EEG spectral edge frequency and metabolic parameters.

  7. Ten Years Evidence-based High-Tech Acupuncture Part 3: A Short Review of Animal Experiments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litscher, Gerhard

    2010-06-01

    High-tech acupuncture research has been performed for 10 years at the Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine at the Medical University of Graz. This article as a part of a series comprises animal experiments in the field of needle and laser acupuncture. The investigations presented in this article were performed in pigs, dogs and sheep. In all studies sedative stimulation effects of the acupoint Yintang are described using different measurement parameters (EEG-bispectral index, EEG spectral edge frequency and metabolic parameters).

  8. Collaborative Innovation Research on High-tech Industry in the Center Delta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Jingdong

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available As a strong point in the Middle Rises Strategy, the Center Delta is of great significance to high-tech industry development. While the collaborative innovation is an effective way to promote the coordinated development of regional economy. This article selected electronic and communication equipment manufacturing industry of 3 provinces in the Center Delta as samples, built evaluation index system of collaborative innovation of high-tech industry, and put the relevant data into the system coordination degree model, in order to get the synergy of industrial innovation system and innovation environment system of 3 provinces. The empirical results shown that the industrial innovation system and innovation environment system coordination degree of Hubei province was the highest, while Jiangxi province was the lowest. Based on the empirical result analysis of the above-mentioned systems, this article put forward suggestions to promote the development of the high-tech industry collaborative innovation in the Center Delta.

  9. Varying Interpretations of Technology as a Problem in Markets for Customised High-Tech Products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vendelø, Morten Thanning; Constantiou, Ioanna

    2012-01-01

    Firms involved in contracting and implementation of customised high-tech products face a number of challenges in their relationships with customers because of the underlying variability of complex technologies. Existing research proposes the use of rational decision models and represents technology...... as an input to the firm's production function that generates a specific return on investment when used appropriately. As such, existing research does not account for the parties' varying interpretations of complex technology. If these interpretations are not revealed and resolved they may decrease customer......-tech product in the software industry is analysed. Based on the insights obtained, we discuss the potential use of inquiring dialogue as a means to reveal information about the different interpretations held by the parties involved in contracting and implementing a customised high-tech product....

  10. Knowledge spillover and high-tech industry cluster: A literature review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qian, Shen

    2017-04-01

    Knowledge spillover is one of the incentive forces for companies using more expenditure on R&D to shape cluster. This paper summarizes and reviews academic research literature from three aspects, of which contain the connotation of knowledge spillover in high-tech industry cluster, conduction mode of knowledge spillover effect in high-tech industry and explain factors of knowledge spillover effect. This paper devotes by assembling anterior divergent tributaries of works to assist in illuminating on this prosperous research area, based on previous research, and finally it notes that future research needs to pay attention to several aspects.

  11. Co-alignment between Environment Risk, Capital Structure, Growth and High-tech Firm Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Yan-xi; BAO Shi-ze

    2007-01-01

    To examine whether there is a co-alignment relationship between environment risk, capital structure, growth and high-tech firm performance, the environment risk was measured from the viewpoint of environment change, the long-term debt ratio was adopted as the measure of the capital structure, and the total asset growth and sales growth were chosen to measure the growth of high-tech firms. Regression analysis shows that there is a significant relationship between environment risk, growth and performance of hightech firms measured by the return on equity and cash flow, respectively.

  12. Come and Try out our High-Tech Products

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2008-01-01

    Since 1977, GMP has been active in the fields of lasers, spectroscopy, electro-optics and micro-positioning. Its mission is to act as a link between suppliers and users of high-technology products. On Thursday 27 November 2008, between 10.00 a.m. and 12.00 a.m., come and discover our new positioning, spectroscopy and laser products in Room 60-2-016 – Main Building. Our specialist engineer will be on hand to answer all your questions. An aperitif will be served at the end of the presentation. Contact: GMP SA Raffael Favaretto Ing. microtech. dipl. EPF Av. des Baumettes 17 CH-1020 Renens / SWITZERLAND Phone : +41 21 633 21 21 Direct : +41 21 633 21 27 Fax : +41 21 633 21 29 raffael.favaretto@gmp.ch http://www.gmp.ch

  13. Come and Try out our High-Tech Products

    CERN Multimedia

    FI Department

    2008-01-01

    Since 1977, GMP has been active in the fields of lasers, spectroscopy, electro-optics and micro-positioning. Its mission is to act as a link between suppliers and users of high-technology products. On Thursday 27 November 2008, between 10.00 a.m. and 12.00 a.m. come and discover our new positioning, spectroscopy and laser products in Room 60-2-016 – Main Building. Our specialist engineer will be on hand to answer all your questions. An aperitif will be served at the end of the presentation. Contact: GMP SA Raffael Favaretto Ing. microtech. dipl. EPF Av. des Baumettes 17 CH-1020 Renens / SWITZERLAND Phone : +41 21 633 21 21 Direct : +41 21 633 21 27 Fax : +41 21 633 21 29 mailto:raffael.favaretto@gmp.ch http://www.gmp.ch

  14. Forecasting Ecological Genomics: High-Tech Animal Instrumentation Meets High-Throughput Sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafer, Aaron B A; Northrup, Joseph M; Wikelski, Martin; Wittemyer, George; Wolf, Jochen B W

    2016-01-01

    Recent advancements in animal tracking technology and high-throughput sequencing are rapidly changing the questions and scope of research in the biological sciences. The integration of genomic data with high-tech animal instrumentation comes as a natural progression of traditional work in ecological genetics, and we provide a framework for linking the separate data streams from these technologies. Such a merger will elucidate the genetic basis of adaptive behaviors like migration and hibernation and advance our understanding of fundamental ecological and evolutionary processes such as pathogen transmission, population responses to environmental change, and communication in natural populations.

  15. Design of Demand Driven Return Supply Chain for High-Tech Products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ashayeri, J.; Tuzkaya, G.

    2010-01-01

    Many high-tech supply chain operate in a context of high process and market uncertainties due to shorter product life cycles. When introducing a new product, a company must manage the cost of supply, including the cost of returns over its short life cycle. The returns distribution looks like a negat

  16. New Horizontal Merger Guidelines Indicate Greater Scrutiny of High Tech and Pharmaceutical Transactions

    OpenAIRE

    Janet McDavid; Eric Stock

    2010-01-01

    It also indicates greater Agency scrutiny of such transactions in industries characterized by differentiated products and high levels of R&D spendingâ۠such as the high tech and pharmaceutical industries. Janet McDavid & Eric Stock (Hogan Lovells)

  17. A World of Competitors: Assessing the US High-Tech Advantage and the Process of Globalisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglass, John Aubrey

    2008-01-01

    Research universities throughout the world are part of a larger effort by countries to bolster science and technological innovation and compete economically. The United States remains highly competitive as a source of high-tech innovation because of a number of market positions, many the results of long-term investments in institutions (such as…

  18. Design of Demand Driven Return Supply Chain for High-Tech Products

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ashayeri, J.; Tuzkaya, G.

    2010-01-01

    Many high-tech supply chain operate in a context of high process and market uncertainties due to shorter product life cycles. When introducing a new product, a company must manage the cost of supply, including the cost of returns over its short life cycle. The returns distribution looks like a

  19. Design of high performance mechatronics high-tech functionality by multidisciplinary system integration

    CERN Document Server

    Munnig Schmidt, R; Rankers, A

    2014-01-01

    Since they entered our world around the middle of the 20th century, the application of mechatronics has enhanced our lives with functionality based on the integration of electronics, control systems and electric drives.This book deals with the special class of mechatronics that has enabled the exceptional levels of accuracy and speed of high-tech equipment applied in the semiconductor industry, realising the continuous shrink in detailing of micro-electronics and MEMS.As well as the more frequently presented standard subjects of dynamics, motion control, electronics and electromechanics, this

  20. The design of high performance mechatronics high-tech functionality by multidisciplinary system integration

    CERN Document Server

    Munnig Schmidt, R; van Eijk, J

    2011-01-01

    Since they entered our world around the middle of the 20th century, the application of mechatronics has enhanced our lives with functionality based on the integration of electronics, control systems and electric drives. This book deals with the special class of mechatronics that has enabled the exceptional levels of accuracy and speed of high-tech equipment applied in the semiconductor industry, realising the continuous shrink in detailing of micro-electronics and MEMS. As well as the more frequently presented standard subjects of dynamics, motion control, electronics and electromechanics, thi

  1. The institutional arrangements of innovation: Antecedents and performance effects of trust in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, G. de; Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.

    2008-01-01

    In this study we investigate the institutional arrangements of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the role of trust. A major strength of the research is the opportunity to address antecedents as well as performance effects of trust. The antecedents of interorganizational trust

  2. The institutional arrangements of innovation : Antecendents and performance effects of trust in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, G.; Klein Woolthuis, R.

    2008-01-01

    In this study we investigate the institutional arrangements of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the role of trust. A major strength of the research is the opportunity to address antecedents as well as performance effects of trust. The antecedents of interorganizational trust

  3. Contract research and high-tech alliances : Vistas for future studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, Gjalt; Woolthuis, Rosalinde J. A. Klein

    2008-01-01

    This research note addresses the governance structure of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the content and role of formal contracts. Contract research is strongly heterogeneous, that is, many different paradigms, concepts, definitions and measures exist. We discuss the most im

  4. Silicon Valley: Planet Startup : Disruptive Innovation, Passionate Entrepreneurship & High-tech Startups

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ester, P.; Maas, A.

    2016-01-01

    For decades now, Silicon Valley has been the home of the future. It's the birthplace of the world's most successful high-tech companies-including Apple, Yahoo, Google, Facebook, Twitter, and many more. So what's the secret? What is it about Silicon Valley that fosters entrepreneurship and innovation

  5. Are You What You Eat? An inside Look at High-Tech Food

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miller, Roxanne Greitz

    2007-01-01

    If we abide by the familiar saying "you are what you eat," it is understandable that people may be concerned with the incredible advances in food science technology and their possible impacts on human health. For example, in recent years high-tech scientific processes such as genetic modification, irradiation, and cloning have all been used to…

  6. TOOLS TO MINIMIZE RISK UNDER DEVELOPMENT OF HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    AVDONIN BORIS N.; BATKOVSKY ALEXANDR M.; BATKOVSKY MIKHAIL A.

    2014-01-01

    The article describes the methodological bases and the economic and mathematical tools to minimize technological risks developing hightech products. A new, more efficient organization of the process of developing high-tech products, as well as tools for assessing the technical and economic efficiency of new technologies introduced on manufacturers of these products is offered.

  7. Investment in High-Tech Industries : An Example from the LCD Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huisman, K.J.M.; Kort, P.M.; Plasmans, J.E.J.

    2007-01-01

    This paper considers a representative firm taking investment decisions in a high-tech environment where different generations of products are invented over time. First, we develop a real options investment model in which, according to standard practice, the sales price and the unit production cost b

  8. Bazaarvoice: Applying Traditional Merger Analysis to a Dynamic High-Tech Market

    OpenAIRE

    James Fishkin

    2014-01-01

    No one should be surprised that the government will investigate mergers involving products in a high-tech industry utilizing the same Horizontal Merger Guidelines that apply to all merger investigationsâ۠regardless of the industry. James A. Fishkin (Dechert LLP)

  9. Knowledge virtualization and local connectedness among smart high-tech companies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Geenhuizen, M.S.; Nijkamp, P.

    2011-01-01

    Smart high-tech companies are characterized by knowledge intensity and open innovation. Even when these companies emerge in spatial clusters or dense urban places, they may utilize knowledge networks on a global scale. However, there is not much insight into the factors that shape knowledge networks

  10. The content and role of formal contracts in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, G. de; Klein Woolthuis, R.J.A.

    2009-01-01

    In this study we investigate the governance structure of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the content and role of formal contracts. The design of a formal agreement is one of the most important strategic decisions for alliance partners. Drawing upon transaction cost arguments

  11. The content and role of formal contracts in high-tech alliances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, Gjalt; Woolthuis, Rosalinde Ja Klein

    2009-01-01

    In this study we investigate the governance structure of innovation processes in high-tech alliances, focusing on the content and role of formal contracts. The design of a formal agreement is one of the most important strategic decisions for alliance partners. Drawing upon transaction cost arguments

  12. Organizational Attributes and Learning beyond the Boundaries: Comparative Case Studies of Two High-Tech Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhong, Jing; Wu, Sizong; Li, Jun

    2008-01-01

    This study compares two high-tech firms in terms of their differences in organizational characteristics and learning activities beyond the boundaries. It finds that the larger company continuously develops new technology to achieve long-term survival through a balance between exploration and exploitation while the smaller enterprise grows quickly…

  13. Spaces of Innovation: Experiences from Two Small High-Tech Firms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heiskanen, Tuula; Heiskanen, Hannu

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: By comparing two small high-tech firms specialising in medical technology this article seeks to answer the following questions: What are the key characteristics of innovation processes in the case firms? How do the mutual relationships between mental, social and physical spaces explain the different pathways in the innovation processes in…

  14. A holistic model for matching high-tech hearing aid features to elderly patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, C E; Danhauer, J L; Krishnamurti, S

    2000-12-01

    Successful hearing aid fittings using high-technology features for elderly patients require consideration of factors beyond results obtained from routine audiologic evaluations. A holistic hearing aid selection, fitting, and evaluation approach that considers patient characteristics from communication, physical, psychological, and social assessment domains is presented here along with a checklist and flowcharts for matching high-tech hearing aid features to older persons who are hearing aid candidates.

  15. New Tech High Schools: Results of the National Survey of Project Based Learning and High School Reform conducted by the Buck Institute for Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravitz, Jason

    2008-01-01

    In the fall of 2007, the Buck Institute for Education (BIE) conducted a national survey of high school reform and project based learning (PBL). The study included teachers from several major high school reform networks that emphasize PBL as an instructional approach: New Tech High, High Tech High, Edvision Schools, and Envision Schools. It also…

  16. Engineering for problem solving in future: Eco-social market economy and eco-social tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The paper differentiates approaches in technology (end-of-pipe, cleaner production, industrial ecology, zero emission and eco-social tech) and compares them in respect to the problem solving capacity on the ecological as well as social dimension by showing the eco-impact reduction and job creation. Eco-social-tech represents the approach with highest problem solution as it is based on “eco-social market economy”, which will the replace free market economy. The deep background of these innovations is “ecosophy”, the wisdom of nature, which serves as guideline for eco-restructuring the world.

  17. An Optimized Grey Dynamic Model for Forecasting the Output of High-Tech Industry in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng-Xin Wang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The grey dynamic model by convolution integral with the first-order derivative of the 1-AGO data and n series related, abbreviated as GDMC(1,n, performs well in modelling and forecasting of a grey system. To improve the modelling accuracy of GDMC(1,n, n interpolation coefficients (taken as unknown parameters are introduced into the background values of the n variables. The parameters optimization is formulated as a combinatorial optimization problem and is solved collectively using the particle swarm optimization algorithm. The optimized result has been verified by a case study of the economic output of high-tech industry in China. Comparisons of the obtained modelling results from the optimized GDMC(1,n model with the traditional one demonstrate that the optimal algorithm is a good alternative for parameters optimization of the GDMC(1,n model. The modelling results can assist the government in developing future policies regarding high-tech industry management.

  18. Using a Mixed Model to Evaluate Job Satisfaction in High-Tech Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Sang-Bing; Huang, Chih-Yao; Wang, Cheng-Kuang; Chen, Quan; Pan, Jingzhou; Wang, Ge; Wang, Jingan; Chin, Ta-Chia; Chang, Li-Chung

    2016-01-01

    R&D professionals are the impetus behind technological innovation, and their competitiveness and capability drive the growth of a company. However, high-tech industries have a chronic shortage of such indispensable professionals. Accordingly, reducing R&D personnel turnover has become a major human resource management challenge facing innovative companies. This study combined importance-performance analysis (IPA) with the decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) method to propose an IPA-DEMATEL model. Establishing this model involved three steps. First, an IPA was conducted to measure the importance of and satisfaction gained from job satisfaction criteria. Second, the DEMATEL method was used to determine the causal relationships of and interactive influence among the criteria. Third, a criteria model was constructed to evaluate job satisfaction of high-tech R&D personnel. On the basis of the findings, managerial suggestions are proposed.

  19. PRODUCTION RISKS AND ECONOMIC HAZARDS OF MODERN HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khrustalev E. Y.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article shows that when the plans for the creation and production of modern high-tech innovative products for different purposes it is necessary to consider all possible risks and dangers that accompany modern innovative projects. New approaches to the planning of the development of science-intensive industries should ensure that the accounting and the management of risk situations of the financialeconomic, scientific-technical and industrialtechnological character. One of the promising directions of the domestic output of the industrial complex from its current unstable state is a strategic planning and forecasting of its activity, the development strategies should be based on an evaluation of available enterprise resources, the lack of which leads to stagnation. With active government support the company can successfully implement a strategy of stabilization and progress through cooperation and diversification of production and to make a technological breakthrough in creating high-tech products of new generation

  20. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in Taiwanese high-tech industry workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tzung-Yi Tsai

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: In light of the increasing number of high-tech industry workers and the differences in their working conditions compared to those of the general population, the health status of these workers merits serious attention. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates among Taiwanese high-tech industry workers. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 4,666 workers who participated in labor health examinations at a hospital in southern Taiwan in 2008. Participants with metabolic syndrome were defined using the criteria proposed by the Taiwan National Department of Health in 2007. Factors associated with metabolic syndrome were determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 8.2%, and the prevalence was higher in men than in women (14.0% vs. 2.3%, p<0.01. Male gender, advanced age, elevated white blood count, and elevated levels of blood biochemistry markers, such as alanine aminotransferase and uric acid, can independently predict metabolic syndrome. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome among high-tech industry workers is lower than in the general population. Our study's findings may facilitate early health assessments and the provision of proper workplace health promotion programs to reduce the risks faced by high-risk workers.

  1. BREAKING THROUGH THE "BRICK WALL" — USING AN INTERDISCIPLINARY STRATEGY TO MARKET HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    ADAM PERRY TOW; Amit M. Joshi

    2011-01-01

    Marketing high-tech products poses challenges to classically trained marketers who may be unfamiliar with a product's underlying science or technology. Often such marketing teams, lacking scientific backgrounds, find it particularly difficult to interface with R&D and truly understand a product's inner workings — something we show to be critical to fully assessing a product for effective differentiation and marketing. By utilizing a novel marketing strategy, the Interdisciplinary Strategic Ma...

  2. METHODS OF EVALUATION OF FINANCIAL EFFICIENCY OF HIGH-TECH PROJECTORIENTED COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matyushok V. M.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the research is a complex of high-tech manufacturing companies integrated and functioning in the form of project-oriented companies that are complex dynamic systems with increased efficiency due to changes in its structure and functions, institutional adaptation or use of project management techniques and optimization. The article reveals peculiarities of assessment methods financial performance knowledge-based project-oriented businesses, the main of which is that companies consider their activities as separate independent projects, which have their cost centers and profit. The author's solution to the problem of choosing the optimal investment project among several possible within the framework of the investment program or portfolio of projects, which can be mutually independent of each other, or mutually interdependent. The aim of the work is to study the possibilities and prospects of organizational and economic mechanisms for the use of project campaign for the effective management of knowledge-based enterprises that will quickly adopt new technologies and create optimal production structure. The results will be useful for the public authorities responsible for the development of high-tech industries as well as public and private companies wishing to profitably participate in the implementation of major innovative projects and programs. In the course of the study suggested methods for evaluating the effectiveness of high-tech project-oriented businesses, allowing them to identify the main advantages and disadvantages in meeting their specific production problems

  3. Challenges to achievement of metal sustainability in our high-tech society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Izatt, Reed M; Izatt, Steven R; Bruening, Ronald L; Izatt, Neil E; Moyer, Bruce A

    2014-04-21

    Achievement of sustainability in metal life cycles from mining of virgin ore to consumer and industrial devices to end-of-life products requires greatly increased recycling rates and improved processing of metals using conventional and green chemistry technologies. Electronic and other high-tech products containing precious, toxic, and specialty metals usually have short lifetimes and low recycling rates. Products containing these metals generally are incinerated, discarded as waste in landfills, or dismantled in informal recycling using crude and environmentally irresponsible procedures. Low recycling rates of metals coupled with increasing demand for high-tech products containing them necessitate increased mining with attendant environmental, health, energy, water, and carbon-footprint consequences. In this tutorial review, challenges to achieving metal sustainability, including projected use of urban mining, in present high-tech society are presented; health, environmental, and economic incentives for various government, industry, and public stakeholders to improve metal sustainability are discussed; a case for technical improvements, including use of molecular recognition, in selective metal separation technology, especially for metal recovery from dilute feed stocks is given; and global consequences of continuing on the present path are examined.

  4. Mineral resources of high-tech metals in Russia: State of the art and outlook

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bortnikov, N. S.; Volkov, A. V.; Galyamov, A. L.; Vikent'ev, I. V.; Aristov, V. V.; Lalomov, A. V.; Murashov, K. Yu.

    2016-03-01

    Seven main ore-forming systems—porphyry and epithermal; orogenic related to granitic intrusions; magmatic ultramafic; volcanic-hosted massive sulfide and volcanic-sedimentary; sedimentary basins; related to alkaline magmatic activity; and placers and weathering mantles—are sources of high-tech critical metals. The following promising types of ore deposits containing high-tech critical metals as by-products are recognized: Cu-Mo porphyry, Fe-Cu-Au and Pb-Zn skarn, base-metal epithermal, volcanic-hosted massive sulfide, base-metal stratiform, various tin deposits, and placers containing rare metals including REE. The mineral resources of critical metals in Russia are compared with those known in other countries. The contents of high-tech critical metals in ores of some noble-metal deposits of the Russian Northeast are reported. It is shown that the subsurface of Russia possesses considerable mineral resource potential for hightech critical metals, which allows new enterprises to be created or production of operating enterprises to increase.

  5. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and related factors in Taiwanese high-tech industry workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Tzung-Yi; Cheng, Jung-Feng; Lai, Yu-Min

    2011-01-01

    In light of the increasing number of high-tech industry workers and the differences in their working conditions compared to those of the general population, the health status of these workers merits serious attention. This study aimed to explore the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its correlates among Taiwanese high-tech industry workers. This cross-sectional study included 4,666 workers who participated in labor health examinations at a hospital in southern Taiwan in 2008. Participants with metabolic syndrome were defined using the criteria proposed by the Taiwan National Department of Health in 2007. Factors associated with metabolic syndrome were determined using multiple logistic regression analysis. The overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 8.2%, and the prevalence was higher in men than in women (14.0% vs. 2.3%, phigh-tech industry workers is lower than in the general population. Our study's findings may facilitate early health assessments and the provision of proper workplace health promotion programs to reduce the risks faced by high-risk workers.

  6. DIFFUSION OF INNOVATION PROCESSES IN HIGH-TECH PRODUCTION OF MEDICAL INDUSTRY OF RUSSIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Дарья Витальевна Костина

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The concept of diffusion of the innovation process is explained, the theoretical aspects and some scientific works of Schumpeter I., Zavlin P.N., Kazantsev L.K., Mindeli L.E., T. Hegerstrand, E.Rodzhersa are reviewed. The possibilities of the Russian market, the diffusion of innovation processes in the high-tech medical industry of Russia are cosidered. Based on this analysis the author summarizes and assesses the potential and importance of the diffusion of innovative processes for the production of high-tech medical products in the Russian market .At the end of the article it is concluded that the spread of innovations in the medical industry is a necessary component of economic growth not only of this industry, but the economy as a whole. In fact the transition of economy to production of high-tech products is accompanied by a sharp reduction of the level of material and energy consumption, increase in productivity and improvement of competitiveness of the economy.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-9-42

  7. Regional development strategy of high-tech industry: The case of Vojvodina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adžić Sofija

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The initial thesis in the present work is that the solution of the problem of improving the competiveness of the economy of Vojvodina indispensably should open the room for the development of high-tech industries, in the first line on the basis of dynamic entrepreneurship and development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs. Emphasis in the research is on the analysis of the problem of inappropriate institutional order as a factor blocking innovative entrepreneurial conduct, technological development and economic valorization of high technologies, efficient socio-economic coordination of individual development initiatives and larger orientation of financial capital to risky investments in new industries. In this context, the most important limiting factors of development and economic valorization of high technologies in Vojvodina are defined as: (1 absence of socio-economic motivation for innovative behavior and manufacturing entrepreneurship, (2 low availability of skilled and internationally competent labour, (3 poor quality of regional, subregional and local STIEOT infrastructure, (4 orientation of regional financial infrastructure to credit imports and population and (5 low efficiency of regional, sub regional and local administrative and public services in eliminating above problems. In the light of those observations the operationalization of the concrete contents of development strategy for high-tech industries in Vojvodina is defined as a measure of ability to include regional, subregional and local institutions and public services to find how to solve the following problems: 1. providing conditions for internationally competent training of entrepreneurs, managers and expert teams in the function of acquiring necessary knowledge for the implementation of modern technological, managerial and organizational solutions needed for the foundation and dynamic development of high-tech enterprises, 2. provision of technical and economic support

  8. Study on the comprehensive advantage evaluation method of high-tech enterprises based on RBF artificial neural network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Hong-qi; WANG Xue-yuan; TANG Yu

    2005-01-01

    This paper designs an intelligent evaluation approach using a Radial Basis Function (RBF) Artificial Neural Network. We based our approach on establishing a comprehensive advantage evaluating index system that offers scientific substance for creating a development plan and the strategic management of high-tech industry and regional cluslers of high-tech enterprises. Furthermore, this paper selects some typical high-tech enterprises' data to make comprehensive training on the network system. Meanwhile, the paper chooses some enterprises as testing samples to test the method, the result of which proves that this method is truly effective. The research of this paper provides a comprehensive advantage evaluating and managing method for high-tech enterprise.

  9. Three High-Tech High Seniors Join the Alia Expedition to Samoa: Science and Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    English, B.; Delaney, R.; Staudigel, D.; Staudigel, H.; Koppers, A.; Hart, S.

    2005-12-01

    Three high school seniors from High Tech High (HTH) participated in the ALIA expedition that explored the Samoan hot spot track through seafloor mapping, rock sampling and the study of the water column above an active submarine volcano. The primary responsibility of the HTH participants focused on outreach and education, but they also were substantively involved in all scientific aspects of the cruise. Education and outreach activities included: maintaining the cruise website,the creation of ERESE digital library resources for earth science education, live video-conferences with students half a world away in San Diego, and offering tours of the Research Vessel Kilo Moana during an open house event organized with the Samoa Department of Eduation. At this occasion, the HTH seniors shared experiences and knowledge with the visiting Samoan elementary and high school students. Science involvement of the high school seniors included deck and laboratory work, by assisting with dredging, piston coring, rock cataloguing, casting CTDs, and computer programming. Three major computer programming efforts by the HTH seniors substantively supported the outreach activities and the science operations during ALIA. (1) The development of "CustomHTMLExport", a utility that allows for the export of photographs and their metadata into web pages and digital library collection. (2) The "CruiseWatch" featureson the ALIA website (http://earthref.org/ERESE/projects/ALIA/) that displays in near - real time key shipboard data such as the location on a map, geographic coordinates, ship speed, direction and wind speed and dredging data. (3) A dredge location simulator to predict the location of the dredge with respect to the ship and the seafloor which was made necessary for the safety of dredging due to the failure of pingers that normally are used to provide critical data for the location of the dredge with respect to the seafloor. The dredge location model is based a fluid dynamics approach

  10. Wastewater engineering applications of BioIronTech process based on the biogeochemical cycle of iron bioreduction and (biooxidation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymyr Ivanov

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Bioreduction of Fe(III and biooxidation of Fe(II can be used in wastewater engineering as an innovative biotechnology BioIronTech, which is protected for commercial applications by US patent 7393452 and Singapore patent 106658 “Compositions and methods for the treatment of wastewater and other waste”. The BioIronTech process comprises the following steps: 1 anoxic bacterial reduction of Fe(III, for example in iron ore powder; 2 surface renovation of iron ore particles due to the formation of dissolved Fe2+ ions; 3 precipitation of insoluble ferrous salts of inorganic anions (phosphate or organic anions (phenols and organic acids; 4 (biooxidation of ferrous compunds with the formation of negatively, positively, or neutrally charged ferric hydroxides, which are good adsorbents of many pollutants; 5 disposal or thermal regeration of ferric (hydroxide. Different organic substances can be used as electron donors in bioreduction of Fe(III. Ferrous ions and fresh ferrous or ferric hydroxides that are produced after iron bioreduction and (biooxidation adsorb and precipitate diferent negatively charged molecules, for example chlorinated compounds of sucralose production wastewater or other halogenated organics, as well as phenols, organic acids, phosphate, and sulphide. Reject water (return liquor from the stage of sewage sludge dewatering on municipal wastewater treatment plants represents from 10 to 50% of phosphorus load when being recycled to the aeration tank. BioIronTech process can remove/recover more than 90% of phosphorous from this reject water thus replacing the conventional process of phosphate precipitation by ferric/ferrous salts, which are 20–100 times more expensive than iron ore, which is used in BioIronTech process. BioIronTech process can remarkably improve the aerobic and anaerobic treatments of municipal and industrial wastewaters, especially anaerobic digestion of lipid- and sulphate-containing food-processing wastewater. It

  11. High-Tech School Bus Teaches Students on the Road

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katims, Lauren

    2011-01-01

    Last year, kindergarten through high school students in the rural Hector, Arkansas, School District barely had the technology resources that keep kids interested in math and science. This year, they potentially have the most advanced resources in the country--before they even step into the classroom. One school bus in Arkansas' Pope County has…

  12. Employee Retention and Performance Improvement in High-Tech Companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ware, B. Lynn

    2001-01-01

    Considers the benefits of employee retention and performance improvement in high technology, new economy companies. Discusses attracting and retaining top talent in information technology companies; targeted recruiting and hiring; employee achievement; learning and professional growth; recognition; nurturing careers; team collaboration; the TALENT…

  13. Using High-Tech Tools for Student Research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plati, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Discusses incorporating high technology research tools into the curriculum for grades 5 through 12 in Shrewsbury, Massachusetts, public schools. The use of CD-ROM and online databases is described, teacher training is discussed, and steps to integrate this new technology are listed, including budget proposals and evaluation. (LRW)

  14. High voltage engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Rizk, Farouk AM

    2014-01-01

    Inspired by a new revival of worldwide interest in extra-high-voltage (EHV) and ultra-high-voltage (UHV) transmission, High Voltage Engineering merges the latest research with the extensive experience of the best in the field to deliver a comprehensive treatment of electrical insulation systems for the next generation of utility engineers and electric power professionals. The book offers extensive coverage of the physical basis of high-voltage engineering, from insulation stress and strength to lightning attachment and protection and beyond. Presenting information critical to the design, selec

  15. So you want to be a high-tech entrepreneur?

    CERN Document Server

    Jeavons, Alan Paul

    2000-01-01

    It is only natural to dream of commercial success for new technology. Unfortunately, a technological break-through is usually only a first small step on the commercial road that has many roadwork and accident black-spots and certainly no "cones-hotline". Drawing on his experience of ten years at CERN followed by fifteen years building Oxford Positron Systems, the speaker will revisit the highway traveled in bringing his HIDAC (HIgh Density Avalanche Chamber) technology to market for digital radiography and positron emission tomography. Particular reference will be made to the personal experiences involved in transferring technology from multinational laboratory to small entrepreneurial company.

  16. Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholand, Michael

    2012-04-01

    High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are most often found in industrial and commercial applications, and are the light source of choice in street and area lighting, and sports stadium illumination. HID lamps are produced in three types - mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS) and metal halide (MH). Of these, MV and MH are considered white-light sources (although the MV exhibits poor color rendering) and HPS produces a yellow-orange color light. A fourth lamp, low-pressure sodium (LPS), is not a HID lamp by definition, but it is used in similar applications and thus is often grouped with HID lamps. With the notable exception of MV which is comparatively inefficient and in decline in the US from both a sales and installed stock point of view; HPS, LPS and MH all have efficacies over 100 lumens per watt. The figure below presents the efficacy trends over time for commercially available HID lamps and LPS, starting with MV and LPS in 1930's followed by the development of HPS and MH in the 1960's. In HID lamps, light is generated by creating an electric arc between two electrodes in an arc tube. The particles in the arc are partially ionized, making them electrically conductive, and a light-emitting 'plasma' is created. This arc occurs within the arc tube, which for most HID lamps is enclosed within an evacuated outer bulb that thermally isolates and protects the hot arc tube from the surroundings. Unlike a fluorescent lamp that produces visible light through down-converting UV light with phosphors, the arc itself is the light source in an HID lamp, emitting visible radiation that is characteristic of the elements present in the plasma. Thus, the mixture of elements included in the arc tube is one critical factor determining the quality of the light emitted from the lamp, including its correlated color temperature (CCT) and color rendering index (CRI). Similar to fluorescent lamps, HID lamps require a ballast to start and maintain stable

  17. LAUNCHING EFFORTS NEEDED FOR A HIGH-TECH PRODUCT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims the difficult problem of creating new product concepts in thearea of high-technology and innovation. Because of scientific discoveries andimpressive development of technology, many companies compete for marketsupremacy on the technological innovations market. In a global market,which is currently in an economic and financial crisis, consumers make a newhierarchy of priorities in terms of expenditure and consumption. Therefore,companies that create new products must be very careful about 2 aspects,so the new product may not become a failure: the products positioning on themarket and the target group which they address to. This paper belongs to themarketing area by bringing into discussion theoretical concepts, by analyzingthe stages crossed by a company in the process of launching a new hightechproduct and crossing the abyss in the product adoption process byconsumers.

  18. Max Tech and Beyond: High-Intensity Discharge Lamps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scholand, Michael

    2012-04-01

    High-intensity discharge (HID) lamps are most often found in industrial and commercial applications, and are the light source of choice in street and area lighting, and sports stadium illumination. HID lamps are produced in three types - mercury vapor (MV), high pressure sodium (HPS) and metal halide (MH). Of these, MV and MH are considered white-light sources (although the MV exhibits poor color rendering) and HPS produces a yellow-orange color light. A fourth lamp, low-pressure sodium (LPS), is not a HID lamp by definition, but it is used in similar applications and thus is often grouped with HID lamps. With the notable exception of MV which is comparatively inefficient and in decline in the US from both a sales and installed stock point of view; HPS, LPS and MH all have efficacies over 100 lumens per watt. The figure below presents the efficacy trends over time for commercially available HID lamps and LPS, starting with MV and LPS in 1930's followed by the development of HPS and MH in the 1960's. In HID lamps, light is generated by creating an electric arc between two electrodes in an arc tube. The particles in the arc are partially ionized, making them electrically conductive, and a light-emitting 'plasma' is created. This arc occurs within the arc tube, which for most HID lamps is enclosed within an evacuated outer bulb that thermally isolates and protects the hot arc tube from the surroundings. Unlike a fluorescent lamp that produces visible light through down-converting UV light with phosphors, the arc itself is the light source in an HID lamp, emitting visible radiation that is characteristic of the elements present in the plasma. Thus, the mixture of elements included in the arc tube is one critical factor determining the quality of the light emitted from the lamp, including its correlated color temperature (CCT) and color rendering index (CRI). Similar to fluorescent lamps, HID lamps require a ballast to start and maintain stable

  19. 11TH Annual Science and Engineering Technology Conference/DoD Tech Exposition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-15

    Technologies, Inc. Mr. John Maguire Georgia Tech Research Institute Mr. Roger Mann Lockheed Martin Corporation Dr. Todd Marek Scientific Research...Pandemic Disease Manmade Disasters Illegal Migration UNCLASSIFIED UNCLASSIFIED 5 60 Organizations are part of our Team!!! Public Safety Canada Transport...Resources (e.g., Illegal Fishing) • Pandemic Disease – HIV/AIDS • Insufficient Means to Confront Challenges •Dependence on Foreign Assistance 11.7

  20. The High-Tech Face of e-Health

    CERN Document Server

    Shiers, Jamie D

    2014-01-01

    This chapter focuses on the current and potential use of e-Infrastructures in the domain of eHealth. It starts by identifying a small number of specific Use Cases and then addresses how these can be optimized—or possibly revolutionized—by the use of state-of-the-art distributing computing infrastructures (DCIs). Specific topics that are addressed include “long-term” data preservation (for the duration of a patient’s life as well as (far) beyond for collective-oriented studies), federation of heterogeneous data sources, provision of redundant and highly accessible data storage and federated identity management. The work draws heavily on the author’s experience in distributed computing infrastructures to address the challenges of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, together with participation in generic e-Infrastructure projects, such as the EGEE project services and EGI. It also benefits from experience in hadron-therapy oriented projects with which CERN has synergies both as an accelerator laborato...

  1. PARTICULARITIES OF MARKETING DECISIONS FOR INNOVATIVE COMPANIES FROM HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lavinia DOVLEAC

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper highlights the specific way for companies in high tech industry to develop their marketing activity. The companies in this industry are struggling to create and then sell a range of innovative products. High technology products are complex and they enhance a certain level of uncertainty regarding their utility. Due to their novelty (absolute or incremental the products are accepted by consumers harder than the ordinary consumer products. This paper presents the main results of a qualitative marketing research based on the opinions of managers from high technology industry on specific marketing strategies and tools used to create and launch new products.

  2. Relationship Between Market Orientation and Business Performance in Czech and German High-Tech Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrik Jangl

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this paper is to find out an index of market orientation, and explore the relationship between four components of market orientation in high-tech firms and their business performance. Business performance was studied as a one-dimensional construct. Market orientation in this study is defined as a process of intelligence generation about customers and competitors, intelligence dissemination and integration within the company across teams, and responsiveness to market intelligence in the form of coordinated action. The statistical sample was represented by 164 Czech and 187 German high-tech firms in the manufacturing industry. Respondents (sales and marketing managers completed a questionnaire and marked their rate of approval with individual statements on a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 7. Market orientation and business performance level was determined as the arithmetic mean (x̄ of the measured values. Depending on the size of the total market orientation index (MOI, Czech (x̄=5.2 and German (x̄=5.14 high-tech firms are medium market-oriented. The business performance index (BPI reached a slightly higher value in Germany (x̄=5.22 as compared to the Czech Republic (x̄=5.13. The main method to reach the target was correlation and regression analysis. This study confirmed a hypothesis about the existence of a correlation between components of market orientation and business performance. Three of the four relationships in the multiple regression model were significant. On the other hand, the study found no positive significant correlation between competitor intelligence generation and business performance.

  3. Product Innovation in High-tech SMEs: A Case Study of Weili Electronics Co.,Ltd

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Zheng; LI Shi-ming

    2006-01-01

    Product innovation is an important strategy for high-tech firms, especially for small and medium enterprises. This paper proposes that the technological strategies for SMEs are dynamic and during different phase, there is different innovation strategy which leads to various market performances. In particular, through the case study of Weili Electronics Co., Ltd, we find that organizational learning abilities play a fundamental role in strategic decision. In addition, the frameworks for the determinants of technological strategies in three stages are established to illustrate the evolutionary processes of product innovation in Weili Electronics Co., Ltd.

  4. Innovation, regional development and relations between high- and low-tech industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Teis; Winther, Lars

    2011-01-01

    The current European policy agenda strongly accentuates the importance of research and development (R&D) as a driver of economic growth. The basic assumption is that high European wage levels make it unlikely that less research-intensive parts of the economy can withstand competition from low...... of such policies. EU growth has caught up with that of the USA during recent years and low-tech industries continue to have considerable economic importance in Europe in terms of jobs and value added, especially outside the main growth regions, but also in the major urban regions. Empirical evidence from Denmark...

  5. 中小企业技术创新对成长性影响——科技型企业不同于非科技型企业?%Impact of tech - innovation on growth : are high - tech SMEs different from non - high - tech SMEs?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈晓红; 马鸿烈

    2012-01-01

    Tech innovation has important meaning on the growth of high - tech and non - high - tech SMEs, based on 437 Chinese lis- ted SMEs, this paper initial build tech - innovation model to these two types of enterprise respectively, and analyze impact of their tech - innovation on growth. Result shows that greater R&D intensity, better enterprise tech - innovation environment, more patent number and greater human resource input, the better of SMEs tech - innovation ability; for high - teeh SMEs, relationship between tech - inno- vation and growth is linear, while for non - high - tech SMEs, the relevance is not obvious, for this situation, combining practical con- dition, this paper provide advice for SMEs development.%技术创新对科技型和非科技型中小企业成长性的作用具有一定重要意义,基于414家中小上市公司数据,本文首次针对两类企业分别构建了技术创新模型,分析技术创新对二者成长性的影响。结果表明:研发投人程度越大,企业创新环境越好,专利数量越多,人力资源的投入强度越大的中小企业技术创新能力越强;对于科技型中小企业,其技术创新与成长性呈显著正相关关系,而非科技型中小企业其相关性不明显,针对该情况,本文结合实际现状对中小企业的发展提出了建议。

  6. Why farming with high tech methods should integrate elements of organic agriculture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ammann, Klaus

    2009-09-01

    In the previous article [Ammann, K. (2008) Feature: integrated farming: why organic farmers should use transgenic crops. New Biotechnol. 25, 101-107], in a plea for the introduction of transgenic crops into organic and integrated farming, it was announced that the complementary topic, namely that high tech farmers should integrate elements of organic agriculture, will be a follow up. Some selected arguments for such a view are summarised here. Basically, they comprise a differentiated view on agro-biodiversity outside the field of production; landscape management methods to enhance biodiversity levels. Both elements are compatible with basic ideas of organic farming. First, Precision Farming is given as one example of the many ways to support agricultural production through high technology, with the aim of reducing energy input, maintaining excellent soil conditions and enhancing yield. It is clear from this analysis that modern agriculture and certain elements of organic-integrated agriculture are compatible. There are sectors of high tech farming, such as the introduction of a better recycling scheme and also a better focus on socio-economic aspects, which need to be taken up seriously from organic-integrated farming, a system which puts a lot of emphasis on those elements and for which important research data are available. In the final part a new concept of dynamic sustainability is presented.

  7. Design of demand driven return supply chain for high-tech products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Ashayeri

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this study is to design a responsive network for after-sale services of high-tech products. Design/methodology/approach: Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP and weighted max-min approach are integrated to solve a fuzzy goal programming model. Findings: Uncertainty is an important characteristic of reverse logistics networks, and the level of uncertainty increases with the decrease of the products’ life-cycle. Research limitations/implications: Some of the objective functions of our model are simplified to deal with non-linearities. Practical implications: Designing after-sale services networks for high-tech products is an overwhelming task, especially when the external environment is characterized by high levels of uncertainty and dynamism. This study presents a comprehensive modeling approach to simplify this task. Originality/value: Consideration of multiple objectives is rare in reverse logistics network design literature. Although the number of multi-objective reverse logistics network design studies has been increasing in recent years, the last two objective of our model is unique to this research area.

  8. Determinants of the Price of High-Tech Metals: An Event Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wanner, Markus, E-mail: markus.wanner@mrm.uni-augsburg.de; Gaugler, Tobias; Gleich, Benedikt; Rathgeber, Andreas [University of Augsburg, Institute for Materials Resource Management (Germany)

    2015-06-15

    The growing demand for high-tech products has resulted in strong growth in demand for certain minor metals. In combination with production concentrated in China, this caused strong and unpredicted price movements in recent years. As a result, manufacturing companies have to cope with additional risks. However, the detailed reasons for the price development are only partially understood. Therefore, we analyzed empirically which determinants can be assigned to price movements and performed an event study on the high-tech metals neodymium, indium, and gallium. Based on our dataset of news items, we were able to find coinciding events to almost 90% of all price jumps (recall). We showed that if any information about these events occurred with a probability of over 50% there would also be a price jump within 10 days (precision). However, the classical set of price determinants has to be extended for these specific markets, as we found unorthodox factors like holidays or weather that may be indicators for price movements. Therefore, we hope that our study supports industry for instance in performing more informed short-term planning of metals purchasing based on information about specific events.

  9. Development of textile-based high-tech products: the new challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Rocha, Ana Maria M F

    2004-01-01

    The new generation of smart textiles is represented by fibers, yarns, fabrics and other resulting products that have special properties, regarding mechanical, chemical, electrical and thermal performances. These high-tech products, being able to respond to external stimuli through the integration of electronic components, phase change materials, shape memory materials or nano materials, enabled the development of different active and functional products. These products when combining the functions of medium, carrier and interface for micro-systems applications represent the ideal connecting channel between humans and the environment. This is a field of innovation that broadened the scope of the traditional textile and apparel products to high-tech textiles, designed to meet specific needs, involving different technologies and produced according to required properties, like personal protection, safety, leisure or health wear. The development of smart wear is a new challenge for the textile and clothing industry: it has to develop products based not only on design, fashion and comfort concepts but also in terms of functions. Moreover these products must be easy to care and durable.

  10. Integrating systems and business engineering in an international context: The SpaceTech Postgraduate Program

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gill, E.K.A.; Kreisl, J.; Verma, D.

    2009-01-01

    Successful education of engineers needs continuous adaptation to track the changing needs of industry. The adaptation is not limited to technological advance or to the changing mentality of new students but also to end-to-end engineering approaches using Systems Engineering. However, industries toda

  11. Integrating systems and business engineering in an international context: The SpaceTech Postgraduate Program

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gill, E.K.A.; Kreisl, J.; Verma, D.

    2009-01-01

    Successful education of engineers needs continuous adaptation to track the changing needs of industry. The adaptation is not limited to technological advance or to the changing mentality of new students but also to end-to-end engineering approaches using Systems Engineering. However, industries

  12. Overseas Tech Firms Ramp Up Hiring In Silicon Valley

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    @@ Fpr years, U.S.high-tech executives have fretted about the loss of technology jobs to countries such as China and India.But there is a countervailing force: Foreign companies are leaning heavily on engineers they hire in Silicon Valley. Companies from Europe and Asia increasingly are using high-tech teams in the Bay Area to conduct long-range research and help design cutting-edge products for global markets.

  13. The Effects of Partnership Management on Supply Chain Cooperative Performance: A Case Study of High-Tech Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Mei-Ying; Chang, Yun-Ju; Weng, Yung-Chien

    2009-08-01

    With the structural change of global supply chains, the relationship between manufacturers and suppliers has transformed into a long-term partnership. Thus, this study aims to explore the partnership between manufacturers and suppliers in Taiwan's high-tech industry. Four constructs, including partner characteristic, partnership quality, partnership closeness, and cooperative performance, induced from previous literatures are used to construct the research framework and hypotheses. A questionnaire survey is then performed on executives and staffs involved in the high-tech industry. The proposed framework and hypotheses are empirically validated through confirmatory factory analysis and structural equation modeling. It is expected that the research findings can serve as a reference for Taiwan's high-tech industry on building partnerships.

  14. Taking Up Challenges to Surface Engineering by Sci-Tech Advance (Continued)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Minsen; Qiu Xianming

    1996-01-01

    @@ Strategy on the Oil/Gas Field Engineering in the Ninth Five-Year Plan Period To study multiphase transportation technology and liquid-liquid hydrocyclone technology For the development of low-permeability oil fields and the oil fields in desert and very shallow sea area, we shall study multiphase transportation technology. These studies will emphasize on multiphase flow behavior and calculation methods, process technology of multiphase transportation, application of multiphase transportation equipment, multiphase meter and its calibration. As most of the oil fields in East China enter the period with medium and high water cut, highly efficient new treatment technology for massive produced liquid needs to be developed urgently. For the development of the oil fields in desert and very shallow sea areas, it is also urgent to develop small-sized, high weight, efficient and reliable oilwater separation technology. The cyclone separation technology needs to be studied, mainly on the flow behavior of the liquid in liquid-liquid cyclone separator and the mechanism of separation, the development of static cyclone and the corollary techniques for liquid-liquid cyclone separation process.

  15. High voltage engineering fundamentals

    CERN Document Server

    Kuffel, E; Hammond, P

    1984-01-01

    Provides a comprehensive treatment of high voltage engineering fundamentals at the introductory and intermediate levels. It covers: techniques used for generation and measurement of high direct, alternating and surge voltages for general application in industrial testing and selected special examples found in basic research; analytical and numerical calculation of electrostatic fields in simple practical insulation system; basic ionisation and decay processes in gases and breakdown mechanisms of gaseous, liquid and solid dielectrics; partial discharges and modern discharge detectors; and over

  16. Taking up Challenges to Surface Engineering by Sci-Tech Advance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Minsen; Qiu Xianming

    1996-01-01

    @@ Great progress has been made in oil and gas field surface engineering technology in China through nearly a decade's development and import of technology. A series of technical difficulties in onland oil and gas field surface engineering construction have been solved, and technical breakthroughs have been made in new engineering construction areas, indicating that the overall technical level of onland oil and gas field surface construction has stepped into a new stage.

  17. Impacts of Academic R&D on High-Tech Manufacturing Products: Tentative Evidence from Supercomputer Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thanh; Tang, Kam Ki

    2015-01-01

    This paper empirically examines the impact of academic research on high-tech manufacturing growth of 28 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and emerging countries over the 1991-2005 period. A standard research and development (R&D) expenditure based measure is found to be too general to capture the input in high-tech…

  18. Universities, the US High Tech Advantage, and the Process of Globalization. Research & Occasional Paper Series: CSHE.8.2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglass, John Aubrey

    2008-01-01

    Research universities throughout the world are part of a larger effort by nation-states to bolster science and technological innovation and compete economically. The US remains highly competitive as a source of High Tech (HT) innovation because of a number of market positions, many the result of long term investments in institutions such as…

  19. Impacts of Academic R&D on High-Tech Manufacturing Products: Tentative Evidence from Supercomputer Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thanh; Tang, Kam Ki

    2015-01-01

    This paper empirically examines the impact of academic research on high-tech manufacturing growth of 28 Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and emerging countries over the 1991-2005 period. A standard research and development (R&D) expenditure based measure is found to be too general to capture the input in high-tech…

  20. Planning a Successful Tech Show

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikirk, Martin

    2011-01-01

    Tech shows are a great way to introduce prospective students, parents, and local business and industry to a technology and engineering or career and technical education program. In addition to showcasing instructional programs, a tech show allows students to demonstrate their professionalism and skills, practice public presentations, and interact…

  1. Model of Market Orientation of High-Tech Firms in Germany: Validation Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrik Jangl

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this validation study was to verify a four-factor model of market orientation on a sample of German high-tech companies in the manufacturing industry. A modified version of the measuring scale (MMOS, composed of twelve items, was used for measurement. The target group consisted of business and marketing managers (N = 374 who recorded their answers on a seven-point Likert scale. The main methods used to achieve the objectives were exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. Having verified the psychometric properties of the instrument, I proceeded to confirm the hypothesis of a four-factor solution model. Reliability and validity of the measuring instrument was also examined, which allowed a confirmation of the second hypothesis. The research may serve as the evidence of the instrument suitability for measuring market orientation in European cultural conditions. To obtain results from other sectors, the author recommends further research replication using the MMOS instrument.

  2. Libraries as a venue for exciting education technology, both high tech and low

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harold, J. B.; Dusenbery, P.; Holland, A.

    2016-12-01

    Public libraries provide a broad range of possibilities for reaching diverse audiences with NASA and STEM related content and activities, from hands-on activities, to interactive kiosks incorporating science based games, simulations, and real-time data. NCIL/SSI has been developing STEM-based exhibits and program activities for public libraries since 2007, and is currently managing 7 national tours in partnership with the American Library Association and other organizations. Past and current exhibitions will reach over 100 libraries and an estimated 1.5 million patrons. In this paper we will discuss a range of findings from almost a decade of deploying both high and low tech STEM learning strategies into libraries, including usage and engagement by library patrons, and challenges (and solutions) for deploying technologically sophisticated components into libraries which may or may not have dedicated technical staff.

  3. A New Way for Physical Progress Monitoring in High Tech Infrastructure Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edoardo Favari

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the project of designing an agile physical progress measurement system for the construction management department of a multinational company operating in turnkey railway projects field. It has been pointed out that the classical physical progress measurement, based on Earn Value Management (EVM and so financially based, is not suitable for modern high-tech and, in one word, complex, construction projects. So it has been looked for something different, more agile, to easily fix the problem of monitoring on a weekly basis the physical progress of sites. The work starts by describing the process of choosing KPIs, defines an overall physical progress index, than discusses the choice of a baseline to measure against, and at the end it illustrates the visual management implemented.

  4. Economic Migrants in a Global Labour Market: A Report on the Recruitment and Retention of Asian Computer Professionals by Canadian High Tech Firms. CPRN Discussion Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Badrinath

    The recruitment and retention of Asian computer professionals by Canadian high-tech companies was examined by interviewing 8 Canadian-born information technology (IT) workers, 47 Asian-born IT workers, and 8 human resource (HR) professionals employed by high-tech companies in Ottawa. Of the 47 Asians, 33 stated that they did not know much about…

  5. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development: A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, W.J.

    2013-01-01

    High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development

  6. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development: A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huang, W.J.

    2013-01-01

    High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development d

  7. Vitamin D Status and Quality of Life in Healthy Male High-Tech Employees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sigal Tepper

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available While low vitamin D status has been shown to be associated with decreased quality of life in unhealthy populations and women, only limited data are available regarding healthy adult men. Our aim was to evaluate the associations between health-related quality of life (QoL and vitamin D status in adult men. High-tech employees aged 25–65 year were recruited from an occupational periodic examination clinic at Rambam Health Campus. QoL was assessed using the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC Health-related quality of life questionnaire (HRQOL-4. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OHD and Body Mass Index (BMI were measured; further information was collected about physical activity, education, sun exposure, sick-days, and musculoskeletal pain severity (visual analog scale. Three hundred and fifty-eight men were enrolled in the study; mean serum 25(OHD level was 22.1 ± 7.9 ng/mL (range 4.6–54.5 ng/mL. In a multivariate logistic regression model, 25(OHD was a significant independent determinant of self-rated health; Odds Ratio (OR for self-rated health was 0.91 (95% confidence interval (CI 0.85–0.97, p = 0.004, adjusted for age, BMI, pain severity, physical activity, and sun exposure. Every 1 ng/mL increase of 25(OHD was associated with 9% reduction in the odds of reporting self-rated health as fair or poor. Poisson regression model demonstrated an association between physically unhealthy days and 25(OHD levels (rate ratio 0.95, p < 0.001. In conclusion, serum levels of 25(OHD were associated with self-rated health and with physically unhealthy days of HRQOL in healthy high-tech male workers. Future intervention studies are required to test the impact of vitamin D supplementation on QoL.

  8. Skill Acquisition in "High Tech" Export Agriculture: A Case Study of Lifelong Learning in Peru's Asparagus Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin; Luschei, Thomas F.

    2008-01-01

    As one of the world's largest exporters of asparagus, Peru has developed a high-tech system of asparagus production, processing and delivery that requires well-trained and responsive workers. In this study we examine the role of both private and public sectors in preparing workers for the asparagus industry and the implications of this skill…

  9. Science Parks and the Co-location of High-tech Small- and Medium Sized Firms in China's Shenzhen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cheng, F.; van Oort, F.G.; Geertman, S.C.M.; Hooimeijer, P.

    2014-01-01

    Science parks (SPs) have received special attention as a policy tool to facilitate localised economic growth by attracting high-tech firms, especially small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The effectiveness of this strategy has been called into question. Empirical studies suggest that the

  10. Construction Started for the Specialty Paper & Coated Paper Industrial Base Project of Guanhao High-tech

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    On November 18,2011,construction started for the specialty paper & coated paper industrial base project of Guanhao High-tech Co.,Ltd.in Zhanjiang Development Zone.The total investment planned for the project is RMB 7.6 billion.After completing the construction and putting into production,

  11. Current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and challenges for the future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pekkeriet, E.J.; Henten, van E.J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and future perspectives. Driving forces for mechanization are identified. Dutch greenhouse crop production is used as an example. In greenhouse horticulture the production steps and control that

  12. Current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and challenges for the future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pekkeriet, E.J.; Henten, van E.J.

    2011-01-01

    This paper reviews the current developments of high-tech robotic and mechatronic systems in horticulture and future perspectives. Driving forces for mechanization are identified. Dutch greenhouse crop production is used as an example. In greenhouse horticulture the production steps and control that

  13. A Study of the Influence of Learning Organization on Organizational Creativity and Organizational Communication in High Tech Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duan, Qingying

    2017-01-01

    The value of a high-tech industry no longer lies in the number of plants, equipment, and products but the intellectual property, customer confidence, capability of collaborating with business partners, telecommunication infrastructure, and the creativity potential and skills of its employees. This study is motivated by investigating the way of…

  14. Skill Acquisition in "High Tech" Export Agriculture: A Case Study of Lifelong Learning in Peru's Asparagus Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carnoy, Martin; Luschei, Thomas F.

    2008-01-01

    As one of the world's largest exporters of asparagus, Peru has developed a high-tech system of asparagus production, processing and delivery that requires well-trained and responsive workers. In this study we examine the role of both private and public sectors in preparing workers for the asparagus industry and the implications of this skill…

  15. PREFACE: 12th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP-12)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleizes, Alain; Ghedini, Emanuele; Gherardi, Matteo; Sanibondi, Paolo; Dilecce, Giorgio

    2012-12-01

    The High-Tech Plasma Processes - 12th European Plasma Conference (HTPP-12) was held in Bologna (Italy) on 24-29 June 2012. The conference series started in 1990 as a thermal plasma conference and gradually expanded to include other topic fields as well. Now the High-Tech Plasma Processes - European Plasma Conference (HTPP) is a bi-annual international conference based in Europe with topics encompassing the whole area of plasma processing science. The aim of the conference is to bring different scientific communities together, facilitate the contacts between science, technology and industry and provide a platform for the exploration of both fundamental topics and new applications of plasmas. Thanks to the efforts of the conference chairman, Professor Vittorio Colombo and of the co-chair, Professor Piero Favia, a well balanced participation from both the communities of thermal and nonthermal plasma researchers was achieved; this resulted in just about 196 attendees from 39 countries, with 8 plenary and 15 invited talks, plus 50 oral and 140 poster contributions. This volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series gathers papers from regular contributions of HTPP-12; each contribution submitted for publication has been peer reviewed and the Editors are very grateful to the referees for their careful support in improving the original manuscripts. In the end, 39 manuscripts were accepted for publication, covering different topics of plasma processing science: from plasma fundamentals and modelling to source design and process diagnostics, from nanomaterial synthesis to surface modification, from waste treatment to plasma applications in a liquid environment. It is an honour to present this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and we deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high-grade contribution. Finally, we would like to thank the conference chairmen, the members of the steering committee, the international scientific committee, the local

  16. PREFACE: 13th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP-2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-01

    The High-Tech Plasma Processes - 13th European Plasma Conference (HTPP-2014) was held in Toulouse (France) on 22-27 June 2014. The conference series started in 1990 as a thermal plasma conference and has gradually expanded to include other related topics. Now the High-Tech Plasma Processes - European Plasma Conference (HTPP) is an international conference organised in Europe every two years with topics encompassing the whole field of plasma processing science. The aim of the conference is to bring different scientific communities together, to facilitate contacts between science, technology and industry and to provide a platform for the exploration of both the fundamental topics and new applications of plasmas. For this edition of HTPP, as was the case for the last, we have acheived a well balanced participation from the communities of both thermal and non-thermal plasma researchers. 142 people from 17 countries attended the conference with the total number of contributions being 155, consisting of 8 plenary and 8 invited talks plus 51 oral and 88 poster contributions. We have received numerous papers corresponding to the contributions of HTPP-2014 that have been submitted for publication in this volume of Journal of Physics: Conference Series. Each submitted contribution has been peer reviewed (60 referees with at least two reviewing each paper) and the Editors are very grateful to the referees for their careful support in improving the original manuscripts. In total, 52 manuscripts have been accepted for publication covering a range of topics of plasma processing science from plasma fundamentals to process applications through to experiments, diagnostics and modelling. We have grouped the papers into the following 5 topics: - Arc-Materials Interaction and Metallurgy - Plasma Torches and Spraying - Synthesis of Powders and Nanomaterials - Deposition and Surface Treatment - Non-Equilibrium Plasmas We deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high

  17. Project-Based Learning in the Masters degree in Nuclear Engineering at BarcelonaTECH. Experience gained in the area of Management of Nuclear Power Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reventos, F.; Vives, E.; Brunet, A.; Sabate, R.; Calvino, F.; Batet, L.

    2014-07-01

    From its first edition, that took place in 2011-2012, the Masters degree in Nuclear Engineering from BarcelonaTECH has been using techniques of Project-Based Learning to fulfill the purpose of training nuclear engineers with a profile suitable for positions in the industry. The Master is sponsored by ENDESA and relies on the collaboration with institutions and companies. The Master is embedded in EMINE, the European Master in Innovation in Nuclear Energy, supported by KIC-InnoEnergy and the European Institute of Technology. (Author)

  18. The Risk Evaluation of Agricultural High-tech Investment Project%农业高新技术投资项目风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆迁; 苗姗姗

    2005-01-01

    The agricultural high-tech investment project (AHIP) is characterized by technology-intensive, high risk and great profit. This article analyzes essential factors of the risks of the agricultural high-tech investment projects and the traditional risk evaluation method of agricultural projects. We think that the applications of the sensitivity analysis and probability are defective. Therefore, this article introduces a structural model to evaluate the risks of the agricultural high-tech investment projects and the system of the concrete evaluation indexes.

  19. Nalco Fuel Tech

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michalak, S.

    1995-12-31

    The Nalco Fuel Tech with its seat at Naperville (near Chicago), Illinois, is an engineering company working in the field of technology and equipment for environmental protection. A major portion of NALCO products constitute chemical materials and additives used in environmental protection technologies (waste-water treatment plants, water treatment, fuel modifiers, etc.). Basing in part on the experience, laboratories and RD potential of the mother company, the Nalco Fuel Tech Company developed and implemented in the power industry a series of technologies aimed at the reduction of environment-polluting products of fuel combustion. The engineering solution of Nalco Fuel Tech belong to a new generation of environmental protection techniques developed in the USA. They consist in actions focused on the sources of pollutants, i.e., in upgrading the combustion chambers of power engineering plants, e.g., boilers or communal and/or industrial waste combustion units. The Nalco Fuel Tech development and research group cooperates with leading US investigation and research institutes.

  20. An Integrated Model for Supplier Selection for a High-Tech Manufacturer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Amy H. I.; Kang, He-Yau; Lin, Chun-Yu

    2011-11-01

    Global competitiveness has become the biggest concern of manufacturing companies, especially in high-tech industries. Improving competitive edges in an environment with rapidly changing technological innovations and dynamic customer needs is essential for a firm to survive and to acquire a decent profit. Thus, the introduction of successful new products is a source of new sales and profits and is a necessity in the intense competitive international market. After a product is developed, a firm needs the cooperation of upstream suppliers to provide satisfactory components and parts for manufacturing final products. Therefore, the selection of suitable suppliers has also become a very important decision. In this study, an analytical approach is proposed to select the most appropriate critical-part suppliers in order to maintain a high reliability of the supply chain. A fuzzy analytic network process (FANP) model, which incorporates the benefits, opportunities, costs and risks (BOCR) concept, is constructed to evaluate various aspects of suppliers. The proposed model is adopted in a TFT-LCD manufacturer in Taiwan in evaluating the expected performance of suppliers with respect to each important factor, and an overall ranking of the suppliers can be generated as a result.

  1. The People’s Republic of China’s High-Tech Exports : Myth and Reality

    OpenAIRE

    Yuqing Xing

    2012-01-01

    Trade statistics portray the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the largest exporter of high-tech products. In this paper I will argue that the PRC’s leading position in high-tech exports is a myth created by outdated trade statistics which are inconsistent with trade based on global supply chains. Current trade statistics mistakenly credit entire values of assembled high-tech products to the PRC, thus greatly inflating its exports. In 2009, the PRC’s value-added accounted for only ab...

  2. Advanced Production Technology as the Key to the Qualitative Transformation and Growth of High-Tech Exports in Ukraine until 2030

    OpenAIRE

    Matyushenko Igor Yu.; Kostenko Dmytro M.

    2016-01-01

    The article is concerned with an analysis of the high-tech product export by main producing countries and Ukraine for the period of 2012–2014. A structure mismatch of Ukrainian exports of high-tech products with the corresponding global structure, a catastrophic retardation by contrast to the leading countries in the market of high-tech products, as well as a trend towards widening of this gap in 2012-2014, have been determined. It is proved that any increase or at least pre...

  3. Ecological Network Analysis for a Low-Carbon and High-Tech Industrial Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yi Lu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Industrial sector is one of the indispensable contributors in global warming. Even if the occurrence of ecoindustrial parks (EIPs seems to be a good improvement in saving ecological crises, there is still a lack of definitional clarity and in-depth researches on low-carbon industrial parks. In order to reveal the processes of carbon metabolism in a low-carbon high-tech industrial park, we selected Beijing Development Area (BDA International Business Park in Beijing, China as case study, establishing a seven-compartment- model low-carbon metabolic network based on the methodology of Ecological Network Analysis (ENA. Integrating the Network Utility Analysis (NUA, Network Control Analysis (NCA, and system-wide indicators, we compartmentalized system sectors into ecological structure and analyzed dependence and control degree based on carbon metabolism. The results suggest that indirect flows reveal more mutuality and exploitation relation between system compartments and they are prone to positive sides for the stability of the whole system. The ecological structure develops well as an approximate pyramidal structure, and the carbon metabolism of BDA proves self-mutualistic and sustainable. Construction and waste management were found to be two active sectors impacting carbon metabolism, which was mainly regulated by internal and external environment.

  4. Ecological network analysis for a low-carbon and high-tech industrial park.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Yi; Su, Meirong; Liu, Gengyuan; Chen, Bin; Zhou, Shiyi; Jiang, Meiming

    2012-01-01

    Industrial sector is one of the indispensable contributors in global warming. Even if the occurrence of ecoindustrial parks (EIPs) seems to be a good improvement in saving ecological crises, there is still a lack of definitional clarity and in-depth researches on low-carbon industrial parks. In order to reveal the processes of carbon metabolism in a low-carbon high-tech industrial park, we selected Beijing Development Area (BDA) International Business Park in Beijing, China as case study, establishing a seven-compartment- model low-carbon metabolic network based on the methodology of Ecological Network Analysis (ENA). Integrating the Network Utility Analysis (NUA), Network Control Analysis (NCA), and system-wide indicators, we compartmentalized system sectors into ecological structure and analyzed dependence and control degree based on carbon metabolism. The results suggest that indirect flows reveal more mutuality and exploitation relation between system compartments and they are prone to positive sides for the stability of the whole system. The ecological structure develops well as an approximate pyramidal structure, and the carbon metabolism of BDA proves self-mutualistic and sustainable. Construction and waste management were found to be two active sectors impacting carbon metabolism, which was mainly regulated by internal and external environment.

  5. The Theoretical Connotation and Systematic Essence of Core Competence of Agricultural High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Six representative interpretations about the core competence of the corporate proposed by the researchers both at home and abroad from different perspectives are introduced,which includes "Resource theory","Capacity theory","Integration theory of assets and mechanism","Theory of consumer surplus","Theory of institutions and systems" and "Theory of innovation". It is pointed out that although these interpretations play an active role in enriching the theory of core competence,it still faces the problems to further deepen these interpretations:the first problem is how to give a precise definition;the second is about its extension;the third is on the logical and practical relationship between the production mechanism and its sustainable competitive advantages;the fourth is the problems in the production process and the corresponding management. Both the systematic essence and features of core competence are introduced:the first is the system self-organization process produced within the corporate;the second is the interaction between corporate system and environment;it needs a growing and evolution process. This paper briefly describes the essence of core competence of agricultural high-tech corporate,introduces its five features including systematicness,integration,non-imitation,ductility and non-equilibrium,and finally explains its component parts,mainly including corporate culture system,technological innovation system,human resource system,management capability system,corporate production and marketing system,financial capability system and adaptability system.

  6. An Augmented Common Weight Data Envelopment Analysis for Material Selection in High-tech Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iman Shokr

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Material selection is a challenging issue in manufacturing processes while the inappropriate selected material may lead to fail the manufacturing process or end user experience especially in high-tech industries such as aircraft and shipping. Every material has different quantitative and qualitative criteria which should be considered simultaneously when assessing and selecting the right material. A weighted linear optimization method (WLOM in the class of data envelopment analysis which exists in literature is adopted to address material selection problem while accounting for both qualitative and quantitative criteria. However, it is demonstrated the adopted WLOM method is not able to produce a full ranking vector for the material selection problems borrowed from the literature. Thus, an augmented common weight data envelopment analysis model (ACWDEA is developed in this paper with the aim of eliminating deficiencies of WLOM model. The proposed ACWDEA is able to produce full ranking vector in decision making problems with less computational complexities in superior to the WLOM. Two material selection problems are solved and results are compared with WLOM and previous methods. Finally, the robustness and effectiveness of the proposed ACWDEA method are evaluated through Spearman’s correlation tests.

  7. AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE CONSTRUCTION OF A MODEL FOR MEASURING ORGANISATIONAL INNOVATION IN TAIWANESE HIGH-TECH ENTERPRISES

    OpenAIRE

    CHUN-CHU LIU

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this research was to construct organisational innovation dimensions and the associated evaluation index for Taiwan's high-tech industries, in order to evaluate Taiwan's current level of ability in this area, and provide a guideline for businesses. In addition, an organisational innovation model was also constructed to serve as a basis for innovation theory. The research methods employed included a literature review, in-depth interviews and small group techniques, which were u...

  8. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ro-Ting Lin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Global high-tech manufacturers are mainly located in newly industrialized countries, raising concerns about adverse health consequences from industrial pollution for people living nearby. We investigated the ecological association between respiratory mortality and the development of Taiwan’s high-tech manufacturing, taking into account industrialization and socioeconomic development, for 19 cities and counties—6 in the science park group and 13 in the control group—from 1982 to 2007. We applied a linear mixed-effects model to analyze how science park development over time is associated with age-adjusted and sex-specific mortality rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Asthma and female COPD mortality rates decreased in both groups, but they decreased 9%–16% slower in the science park group. Male COPD mortality rates increased in both groups, but the rate increased 10% faster in the science park group. Science park development over time was a significant predictor of death from asthma (p ≤ 0.0001 and COPD (p = 0.0212. The long-term development of clustered high-tech manufacturing may negatively affect nearby populations, constraining health advantages that were anticipated, given overall progress in living standards, knowledge, and health services. National governments should incorporate the long-term health effects on local populations into environmental impact assessments.

  9. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ro-Ting; Christiani, David C; Kawachi, Ichiro; Chan, Ta-Chien; Chiang, Po-Huang; Chan, Chang-Chuan

    2016-06-03

    Global high-tech manufacturers are mainly located in newly industrialized countries, raising concerns about adverse health consequences from industrial pollution for people living nearby. We investigated the ecological association between respiratory mortality and the development of Taiwan's high-tech manufacturing, taking into account industrialization and socioeconomic development, for 19 cities and counties-6 in the science park group and 13 in the control group-from 1982 to 2007. We applied a linear mixed-effects model to analyze how science park development over time is associated with age-adjusted and sex-specific mortality rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Asthma and female COPD mortality rates decreased in both groups, but they decreased 9%-16% slower in the science park group. Male COPD mortality rates increased in both groups, but the rate increased 10% faster in the science park group. Science park development over time was a significant predictor of death from asthma (p ≤ 0.0001) and COPD (p = 0.0212). The long-term development of clustered high-tech manufacturing may negatively affect nearby populations, constraining health advantages that were anticipated, given overall progress in living standards, knowledge, and health services. National governments should incorporate the long-term health effects on local populations into environmental impact assessments.

  10. Two Different Maintenance Strategies in the Hospital Environment: Preventive Maintenance for Older Technology Devices and Predictive Maintenance for Newer High-Tech Devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sezdi, Mana

    2016-01-01

    A maintenance program generated through the consideration of characteristics and failures of medical equipment is an important component of technology management. However, older technology devices and newer high-tech devices cannot be efficiently managed using the same strategies because of their different characteristics. This study aimed to generate a maintenance program comprising two different strategies to increase the efficiency of device management: preventive maintenance for older technology devices and predictive maintenance for newer high-tech devices. For preventive maintenance development, 589 older technology devices were subjected to performance verification and safety testing (PVST). For predictive maintenance development, the manufacturers' recommendations were used for 134 high-tech devices. These strategies were evaluated in terms of device reliability. This study recommends the use of two different maintenance strategies for old and new devices at hospitals in developing countries. Thus, older technology devices that applied only corrective maintenance will be included in maintenance like high-tech devices.

  11. Engineered Nano-scale Ceramic Supports for PEM Fuel Cells. Tech Team Meeting Presentaion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brosha, Eric L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Elbaz Alon, Lior [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Henson, Neil J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Rockward, Tommy [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Roy, Aaron [University of New Mexico; Serov, Alexey [University of New Mexico; Ward, Timothy [University of New Mexico

    2012-08-13

    Catalyst support durability is currently a technical barrier for commercialization of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells, especially for transportation applications. Degradation and corrosion of the conventional carbon supports leads to losses in active catalyst surface area and, consequently, reduced performance. As a result, the goal of this work is to develop support materials that interact strongly with Pt, yet sustain bulk-like catalytic activities with very highly dispersed particles. Ceramic materials that are prepared using conventional solid-state methods have large grain sizes and low surface areas that can only be minimally ameliorated through grinding and ball milling. Other synthesis routes to produce ceramic materials must be investigated and utilized in order to obtain desired surface areas. In this work, several different synthesis methods are being utilized to prepare electronically conductive ceramic boride, nitride, and oxide materials with high surface areas and have the potential for use as PEMFC catalyst supports. Polymer-assisted deposition (PAD) and aerosol-through plasma (A-T-P) torch are among several methods used to obtain ceramic materials with surface areas that are equal to, or exceed Vulcan XC-72R supports. Cubic Mo-based ceramic phases have been prepared with average XRD-determined crystallite sizes as low as 1.6 nm (from full profile, XRD fitting) and a BET surface area exceeding 200 m{sup 2}/g. Additionally, black, sub-stoichiometric TiO{sub 2-x}, have been prepared with an average crystallite size in the 4 nm range and surface areas exceeding 250 m{sup 2}/gr. Pt disposition using an incipient wetness approach produced materials with activity for hydrogen redox reactions and ORR. Cyclic voltammetry data will be shown for a variety of potential Pt/ceramic catalysts. Initial experiments indicate enhanced Pt metal-support interactions as well. Plane wave periodic density functional calculations (VASP) are being used to

  12. SkTech:俄罗斯工程教育的模式创新%SkTech: An Innovative Model of Engineering Education in Russia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔寒冰; 吴婧姗; 李文

    2012-01-01

    The Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology(SkTech) is a new Russian research university in an international context built in Skolkovo recently.With the participation and support of MIT,it provides graduate programs in science and engineering.This paper briefly describes profound context of SkTech,Innovation Entrepreneurship(IE) ideas and practice,novel organization and culture,and the unique development model as well.It is worthwhile to notice that SkTech innovation mode is a triple helix of integrating Research-Education-IE.This also represents the important essence of SkTech innovative model and its key role in Skolkovo innovation ecosystem.%俄罗斯的SkTech(斯科尔科沃理工学院)是在MIT的鼎力支持下新近创办的一所理工科研究生大学。本文简要介绍它的建校背景、先进的办学理念、新颖的组织架构与文化,以及独特的办学模式与实践。SkTech创新模式的精彩之处,在于它的"研究、教育、创业创新"三重螺旋集成的协同创新。这也是Sk-Tech将在斯科尔科沃创新生态系统中发挥关键作用的重要机制。

  13. A Low-Tech, Low-Budget Storage Solution for High Level Radioactive Sources

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brett Carlsen; Ted Reed; Todd Johnson; John Weathersby; Joe Alexander; Dave Griffith; Douglas Hamelin

    2014-07-01

    The need for safe, secure, and economical storage of radioactive material becomes increasingly important as beneficial uses of radioactive material expand (increases inventory), as political instability rises (increases threat), and as final disposal and treatment facilities are delayed (increases inventory and storage duration). Several vendor-produced storage casks are available for this purpose but are often costly — due to the required design, analyses, and licensing costs. Thus the relatively high costs of currently accepted storage solutions may inhibit substantial improvements in safety and security that might otherwise be achieved. This is particularly true in areas of the world where the economic and/or the regulatory infrastructure may not provide the means and/or the justification for such an expense. This paper considers a relatively low-cost, low-technology radioactive material storage solution. The basic concept consists of a simple shielded storage container that can be fabricated locally using a steel pipe and a corrugated steel culvert as forms enclosing a concrete annulus. Benefits of such a system include 1) a low-tech solution that utilizes materials and skills available virtually anywhere in the world, 2) a readily scalable design that easily adapts to specific needs such as the geometry and radioactivity of the source term material), 3) flexible placement allows for free-standing above-ground or in-ground (i.e., below grade or bermed) installation, 4) the ability for future relocation without direct handling of sources, and 5) a long operational lifetime . ‘Le mieux est l’ennemi du bien’ (translated: The best is the enemy of good) applies to the management of radioactive materials – particularly where the economic and/or regulatory justification for additional investment is lacking. Development of a low-cost alternative that considerably enhances safety and security may lead to a greater overall risk reduction than insisting on

  14. Screening procedure for airborne pollutants emitted from a high-tech industrial complex in Taiwan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, John H C; Tsai, Ching-Tsan; Chiang, Chow-Feng

    2015-11-01

    Despite the modernization of computational techniques, atmospheric dispersion modeling remains a complicated task as it involves the use of large amounts of interrelated data with wide variability. The continuously growing list of regulated air pollutants also increases the difficulty of this task. To address these challenges, this study aimed to develop a screening procedure for a long-term exposure scenario by generating a site-specific lookup table of hourly averaged dispersion factors (χ/Q), which could be evaluated by downwind distance, direction, and effective plume height only. To allow for such simplification, the average plume rise was weighted with the frequency distribution of meteorological data so that the prediction of χ/Q could be decoupled from the meteorological data. To illustrate this procedure, 20 receptors around a high-tech complex in Taiwan were selected. Five consecutive years of hourly meteorological data were acquired to generate a lookup table of χ/Q, as well as two regression formulas of plume rise as functions of downwind distance, buoyancy flux, and stack height. To calculate the concentrations for the selected receptors, a six-step Excel algorithm was programmed with four years of emission records and 10 most critical toxics were screened out. A validation check using Industrial Source Complex (ISC3) model with the same meteorological and emission data showed an acceptable overestimate of 6.7% in the average concentration of 10 nearby receptors. The procedure proposed in this study allows practical and focused emission management for a large industrial complex and can therefore be integrated into an air quality decision-making system.

  15. 基于 BIM 的水电工程科技成果可视化与应用示范%BIM-based Visualization and Application Demonstration of Sci-Tech Achievements in Hydropower Engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林伟

    2016-01-01

    It is difficult to learn , understand and refer to the traditional 2-D display of sci-tech achievements in hy-dropower engineering .In order to solve this problem , we analyzed the limitations in the traditional form of paper carrying in transmission and expression of information , and proposed the concept of BIM ( Building Information Mod-eling)-based visualization .We established a digitized model of hydropower engineering construction objects with scene reconstruction technology , 3-D simulation technology and 3-D interactive technology .Through this model , construction methods and construction process of sci-tech achievements are visually simulated , and all-round and multi-angle interactive browsing of the virtual construction objects is realized .The model could exactly transfer a large number of sci-tech information achievements in a short time , and offers a completely new and highly efficient learning experience to the sci-tech achievements .It is also beneficial for the assessment and promotion of scientific and technological achievements .%为解决水电工程科技成果传统二维表达模式存在的学习难、解读难、查阅难等问题,分析了水电工程科技成果传统的纸质承载形式在信息传递与表达上的局限性,提出基于BIM( Building Information Modeling )的水电工程科技成果可视化概念。应用场景还原技术、三维模拟技术与三维互动技术,对水电工程施工对象建立数字化模型,实现了科技成果施工工艺、施工过程的可视化仿真,以及虚拟施工对象的全方位、多角度浏览互动,在短时间内大量、精确传递科技成果信息,赋予科技成果全新的、高效的学习体验,同时也有利于科技成果的评审鉴定和转化推广。

  16. Decision Making In A High-Tech World: Automation Bias and Countermeasures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosier, Kathleen L.; Skitka, Linda J.; Burdick, Mark R.; Heers, Susan T.; Rosekind, Mark R. (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    Automated decision aids and decision support systems have become essential tools in many high-tech environments. In aviation, for example, flight management systems computers not only fly the aircraft, but also calculate fuel efficient paths, detect and diagnose system malfunctions and abnormalities, and recommend or carry out decisions. Air Traffic Controllers will soon be utilizing decision support tools to help them predict and detect potential conflicts and to generate clearances. Other fields as disparate as nuclear power plants and medical diagnostics are similarly becoming more and more automated. Ideally, the combination of human decision maker and automated decision aid should result in a high-performing team, maximizing the advantages of additional cognitive and observational power in the decision-making process. In reality, however, the presence of these aids often short-circuits the way that even very experienced decision makers have traditionally handled tasks and made decisions, and introduces opportunities for new decision heuristics and biases. Results of recent research investigating the use of automated aids have indicated the presence of automation bias, that is, errors made when decision makers rely on automated cues as a heuristic replacement for vigilant information seeking and processing. Automation commission errors, i.e., errors made when decision makers inappropriately follow an automated directive, or automation omission errors, i.e., errors made when humans fail to take action or notice a problem because an automated aid fails to inform them, can result from this tendency. Evidence of the tendency to make automation-related omission and commission errors has been found in pilot self reports, in studies using pilots in flight simulations, and in non-flight decision making contexts with student samples. Considerable research has found that increasing social accountability can successfully ameliorate a broad array of cognitive biases and

  17. Evolutions and Trends in the International Trade with High-Tech Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecaterina Stănculescu

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available One of the ways for accessing knowledge and, through it, for competitivity on international level, is the world trade with high-tech (HT products. European Union and its Member States (Romania inclusive position on international HT market defines in fact their competitivity in the global economy. Many politics for encourage innovation in a country lead also to stimulate the technological transfer out of that country. Politics that reduce trade barriers and uncertainties in international trade relations have the potential to increase the international technology transfer. The weight of HT products and services in the entire world trade is around of 19-20%, this percentage varying in different studies and statistics due to the products groups considered to be part of this category and to the inclusion of some adjacent services. During 2001-2008, the world HT export value increased in average by 7% per year. The growth rates were fairly high, by one hand, because of the rising of exported/imported products complexity (and of advanced technologies, and by the other hand, due to the evolution of global demand and offer, that influence the prices of these products. The Popular Republic of China was the country that influenced mostly the increase of international trade with HT products. Four economies – China, United States, EU – 27 and Japan – totalize over one half of the world HT exports. USA and EU registered also the most important commercial deficits in the world in this field until 2008. In 2008, USA deficit turns into commercial surplus in HT area because of the decrease of imports following the crisis. As for Romania, the weight of HT products exports and imports in the whole country’s trade differs from about 4%, in exports case, to about 9-10%, in that of imports. Commercial balance in this field was always in the red. During 2001-2008, the greatest weights in the world trade with HT products have had, in order, the groups

  18. Exploration of Organizing in Chinese High-Tech Companies Located in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westenholz, Ann

    scenarios? 3) How do they discover their relative worth in different worlds enacted in the test scenarios? Findings: The analysis shows that controversies have emerged in test scenarios where Chinese managers and engineers have enacted a market world and a domestic world, while Danish managers and engineers...... have enacted an industrial world and a civic world. Furthermore, it is suggested that controversies also occur when Chinese managers enact a fuzzy world. Different worlds collide in these types of test scenarios, creating ambiguity about the worth of the persons involved and the organizing principles...... in their practices. The Chinese and the Danes deal with the ambiguity in many different ways. Research limitation: Few cases exist and the data is limited. Practical implications: The analysis creates learning opportunities for Chinese and Danish managers and highly qualified employees. Keywords: Chinese high...

  19. Tech Gets Physical

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ravage, Barbara

    2011-01-01

    As colleges push for increased efficiencies, facilities departments nationwide are turning more and more to high-tech approaches. Nowhere has this trend been more visible than in the realm of energy consumption, where managers hope to extract significant cost savings. Technology is helping facilities managers achieve significant efficiencies,…

  20. Spatial Planning and High-tech Development A comparative study of Eindhoven city-region, the Netherlands and Hsinchu City-region, Taiwan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Ju Huang

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available High-tech development—which lies at the very heart of the processes of economic growth—has been recognised by many developed and developing countries as a strategic instrument to enhance and sustain their competitiveness in the global economic network. Although the concept of high-tech development differs between countries, many share the underlying assumption that the core of high-tech development is to create a sound environment where innovation thrives. This ideology implies a definite spatial dimension. As a result, various spatial strategies have been formulated and implemented to support high-tech development. This has had intentional and unintentional effects on the economy, society and space.Numerous studies have been devoted to exploring, analysing and theorising this global phenomenon. However, there has been less attention given to the role spatial planning may play in the process of high-tech development and to the factors that shape the spatial planning approaches to high-tech development in a particular place. The major objectives of this research are to advance the knowledge of the role of spatial planning in the process of high-tech development, and to establish an analytical framework that helps reveal the major institutional factors that shape spatial planning mechanisms for dealing with the spatial issues of high-tech development in different places. This contributes to the field of high-tech spatial policies transfer and lesson-drawing.In order to explore the major factors that shape the practices of spatial planning in hightech development, a comparative approach is applied in this research. The Eindhoven city-region in the Netherlands and the Hsinchu city-region in Taiwan are selected as case study areas. Both city-regions can be recognised as success stories of high-tech development not only on a national scale but also on a global scale, despite the fact that they apply different approaches. In the Eindhoven city

  1. Forecasting Financial Distress of Chinese High-tech Manufacturing Companies Based on a Hybrid Model of GA-SVM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SONG Xin-ping; DING Yong-sheng; GE Yan; LONG Quan

    2008-01-01

    Owing to the radical changing of Chinese economy, it is essential to build an effective financial distress prediction model. In this paper, we present a genetic algorithm (GA) approach for optimizing parameters of support vector machine (SVM). We validate the proposed model on datasets of Chinese high-tech manufacturing industry. Experimental results reveal that the proposed GA-SVM model can compare to and even outperform other exiting classifiers. Compared to grid-search algorithm, the proposed GA-based takes less time to optimize SVM parameter without degrading the prediction accuracy of SVM.

  2. The link between organisational citizenship behaviours and open innovation: A case of Malaysian high-tech sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Muzamil Naqshbandi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available We examine the role of organisational citizenship behaviours (OCBs in two types of open innovation—inbound and outbound. Data were collected using the questionnaire survey technique from middle and top managers working in high-tech industries in Malaysia. Results show that OCBs positively predict both inbound and outbound open innovation. A closer look reveals that OCBs relate positively to out-bound open innovation in aggregate and in isolation. However, OCBs relate to in-bound open innovation in aggregate only. The implications of these results are discussed and limitations of the study are highlighted.

  3. Advanced Production Technology as the Key to the Qualitative Transformation and Growth of High-Tech Exports in Ukraine until 2030

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matyushenko Igor Yu.

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is concerned with an analysis of the high-tech product export by main producing countries and Ukraine for the period of 2012–2014. A structure mismatch of Ukrainian exports of high-tech products with the corresponding global structure, a catastrophic retardation by contrast to the leading countries in the market of high-tech products, as well as a trend towards widening of this gap in 2012-2014, have been determined. It is proved that any increase or at least preserving the volume of high-tech exports are impossible on the existing industrial base and production technologies. It is displayed that an accumulation of high-tech exports will be possible only with implementation of the prospective production technologies (PPT, based on the own unique scientific-technological groundwork in the next 10–15 years, in view of: transition to the new (projected materials with desired properties; participation in research on mathematic modeling for intelligent production systems, co-working in the international projects of this kind; participation in pilot projects in the ICT industry; developing industrial nanobiotechnology; carrying out space research and developments in the terms of projects of the European Space Agency.

  4. Continuous Innovation and Business Development in High-tech SME Clusters: A Change Point Analysis and Assessment Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Sabine; Neergaard, Helle; Ulhøi, John Parm

    The aim of this paper is to  propose an integrated methodological approach to study  complex  and  longitudinal  processes  such  as  continuous  innovation  and business development in high-tech SME clusters. It draws from four existing and  well-recognised approaches for studying events......, processes and changes; namely  change  point  analysis  (CPA),  event  history  analysis  (EHA),  critical  incident technique (CIT), and sequence analysis (SA). This paper contributes to research methodology  especially  when  studying  complex  and  long-term  or ongoing processes. The framework presented...... is especially helpful for studies which focus on continuous innovation and  business development in high-tech SME clusters as these  studies  could  benefit  tremendously  from  more qualitative  approaches, which  facilitate  in-depth  understanding  continuous  and  changing  processes. Therefore, major...

  5. A Study on Theoretical Model and Applied Evaluation of Land Use Performance of High-tech Zone in Urban Fringe: A Case Study in Haidian District, Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ban Maosheng; Fang Chuanglin; Liu Xiaoli

    2008-01-01

    High-tech industrial zone is an important carrier for constructing innovative cities.It also plays an important role in implementing the national independent innovative strategy.However,most of the high-tech industrial zones have many problems in their development process,such as efficiency of land use,weakness of oriented function and lack of land intensive.To solve these problems,the authors of this paper introduced the concept of land use performance and established the theoretical model to assess the land use performance of high-tech industrial zones.The model consists of the following three-dimensional parts:land use benefit,land use efficiency and innovative function.Based on this theory model,an index system which was composed of three secondary indictors,eight tertiary indictors and 37 fottrth-grade indictors was set up to evaluate the land use performance of high-teeh zone.To avoid the defects of plus model and function model,the authors brought out a three-dimensional evaluation model to examine the index of the land use performance of the high-tech industrial parks,which equals to the evaluation indicator system of land use performance of high-tech zone based on the above research.The authors examined the land use performance of five different high-tech industrial parks in Haidian District,Beijing City.The results indicated that the indicator system performs better in the aspect of evaluating land use benefit,land use efficiency and function of the high-teeh industrial zone compared with other models.

  6. High tech or high risk? An analysis of media reports about robotic surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ficko, Zita; Koo, Kevin; Hyams, Elias S

    2016-10-24

    Robotic surgery continues to increase in popularity and prevalence. The adoption of robotic technology has generated controversy and frequent media coverage. We evaluate recent reports of surgical robotics in the lay press to characterize its objectivity. LexisNexis and Factiva consumer news databases were queried for articles pertaining to robotic surgery published during 2010-2015 in the three highest circulation national (US) newspapers as well as New England regional newspapers. Two independent reviewers performed content analysis and assessed headline bias with strong reliability (mean κ = 0.96). 82 articles met inclusion criteria. Urological and gynecologic procedures were the most cited (54 and 57%, respectively). Commonly discussed aspects of robotic surgery included increased cost (45 articles, 55%), increased complications (38 articles, 43%), and easier recovery (32 articles, 39%). A minority of headlines (45%) had a neutral or unbiased tone. National newspapers were significantly more likely to report robotic surgery unfavorably by discussing disadvantages of the technology, only quoting surgeons with negative opinions, or citing scientific studies discrediting the robot (all p robotic surgery, while only 7 (26%) cited findings favoring robotic approaches. News reports about robotic surgery in the popular press contain a high proportion of negative bias. Non-neutral headlines and emphasis on research unfavorable to robotics were common. Clinicians should be aware of these reporting biases, which may affect patients' perceptions of robotic surgery.

  7. Impact of R&D expenditures on research publications, patents and high-tech exports among European countries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meo, S A; Usmani, A M

    2014-01-01

    This study aimed to compare the impact of Research&Development (R&D) expenditures on research publications, patents and high-tech exports among European countries. In this study, 47 European countries were included. The information regarding European countries, their per capita Gross Domestic Product (GDP), R&D spending, number of universities, indexed scientific journals, high technology exports and number of patents were collected. We recorded the total number of research documents in various science and social sciences subjects during the period 1996-2011. The main source for information was World Bank, Web of Science, Thomson Reuters and SCImago/Scopus. The mean GDP per capita for all the European countries is 23372.64 ± 3588.42 US$, yearly per capita spending on R&D 1.14 ± 0.13 US$, number of universities 48.17 ± 10.26, mean number of Institute of Scientific Information (ISI) indexed journal per country 90.72 ± 38.47, high technology exports 12.86 ± 1.59 and number of patent applications 61504.23 ± 22961.85. The mean of research documents published in various science and social science subjects among all the European countries during the period 1996-2011 is 213405.70 ± 56493.04. Spending on R&D, number of universities, indexed journals, high technology exports and number of patents have a positive correlation with number of published documents in various science and social science subjects. We found a positive correlation between patent application and high-tech exports. However, there was no association between GDP per capita and research outcomes. It is concluded that, the most important contributing factors towards a knowledge based economy are spending on R&D, number of universities, scientific indexed journals and research publications, which in turn give a boast to patents, high technology exports and ultimately GDP.

  8. ECONOMIC-MATHEMATICAL MODELING FLEXIBILITY AND PRODUCTIVITY RATIOS IN THE FORMATION OF A SYSTEM OF INTERNAL LOGISTICS OF HIGH-TECH ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Baranov

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The article describes the features of construction of the system internal logistics of high-tech enterprises. It describes a range of problems solved by these systems. As part of the internal logistics system is considered one of the tasks of operational and production management calendar. Considered in the article the problem associated with the formation of the production program of diversified production. As part of this task is received economic and mathematical model that establishes the relation between the parameters of fl exibility and performance to organizational and production structure of the high-tech enterprises.

  9. 高技术企业组织冗余开发模型研究%Development Model Research for Organizational Slack of High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩杰; 李金生

    2012-01-01

    A large number of organizational slack in the high-tech enterprises affects them to enhance their independent innovation capability. However, the due presence of organizational slack can help them cope with the dramatic changes in the internal and external environment, thereby playing a crucial role in the high-tech enterprises. The rational use of organizational slack in the high-tech enterprises relates to the competitive advantages and business performance of high-tech enterprises. For the organizational slack in the high-tech enterprises, this paper respectively analyzes their composition and organization values in the process of high-tech innovation and the relationship between environment, high-tech enterprises and organizational slack of them by means of the construction of development model of organizational slack, ultimately pointing out targeted suggestions in rational use organizational slack for high-tech enterprises.%高技术企业内部存在大量的组织冗余,影响企业自主创新能力的提高.但适当的组织冗余又能够帮助企业应对内外部环境的剧烈变化,对企业发挥至关重要的作用.组织冗余的合理利用,关系到高技术企业的竞争优势和经营绩效.针对高技术企业内部的组织冗余,分析其在高技术企业技术创新过程中的构成和价值,进而通过构建高技术企业组织冗余开发模型,分析环境、高技术企业和高技术企业组织冗余之间的关系,最终对高技术企业合理利用组织冗余提出有针对性的建议.

  10. Identification of ground motion features for high-tech facility under far field seismic waves using wavelet packet transform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Shieh-Kung; Loh, Chin-Hsiung; Chen, Chin-Tsun

    2016-04-01

    Seismic records collected from earthquake with large magnitude and far distance may contain long period seismic waves which have small amplitude but with dominant period up to 10 sec. For a general situation, the long period seismic waves will not endanger the safety of the structural system or cause any uncomfortable for human activity. On the contrary, for those far distant earthquakes, this type of seismic waves may cause a glitch or, furthermore, breakdown to some important equipments/facilities (such as the high-precision facilities in high-tech Fab) and eventually damage the interests of company if the amplitude becomes significant. The previous study showed that the ground motion features such as time-variant dominant frequencies extracted using moving window singular spectrum analysis (MWSSA) and amplitude characteristics of long-period waves identified from slope change of ground motion Arias Intensity can efficiently indicate the damage severity to the high-precision facilities. However, embedding a large hankel matrix to extract long period seismic waves make the MWSSA become a time-consumed process. In this study, the seismic ground motion data collected from broadband seismometer network located in Taiwan were used (with epicenter distance over 1000 km). To monitor the significant long-period waves, the low frequency components of these seismic ground motion data are extracted using wavelet packet transform (WPT) to obtain wavelet coefficients and the wavelet entropy of coefficients are used to identify the amplitude characteristics of long-period waves. The proposed method is a timesaving process compared to MWSSA and can be easily implemented for real-time detection. Comparison and discussion on this method among these different seismic events and the damage severity to the high-precision facilities in high-tech Fab is made.

  11. LEOMA and the US laser industry the good and bad moves for trade associations in emerging high-tech industries

    CERN Document Server

    Hitz, C

    2015-01-01

    Hitz addresses the urgent issues that the Laser and Electro-Optics Manufacturer’s Association (LEOMA) tackled in the late 1980s, which will help guide future trade associations to handle related political and infrastructural issues from the industry. LEOMA- the Laser and Electro-Optics Manufacturers’ Association – is in many ways similar to trade associations that exist, or will exist, in other emerging, high-technology industries. Having dealt successfully with these initial obstacles, LEOMA went on to tackle other issues, perhaps less urgent, that confronted the industry. LEOMA and the US Laser Industry: The Good and Bad Moves for Trade Associations in Emerging High-Tech Industries describes the approaches, both successful and not, to the political and infrastructure issues addressed by the trade association. The intent is to provide guidance to those confronting similar issues, and help them avoid unsuccessful approaches. The key fea ures highlight the problems that were dealt with, and solutions,...

  12. Hi tech microeconomics and information nonintensive calculi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Dohnal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The article establishes link between the contributions made to the study of hi tech phenomena. It analyzes the evolution undergone by studies on the topic of the knowledge economics (HI-TECH process carried out by different disciplines (hard and soft sciences – sociology, ecology etc. from the point of view of the objectives they pursue. The attentions are concentrated on analysis of applicable mathematical tools used to develop realistic formal models. Information intensity is defined as the amount of information which is needed for the realistic application of a corresponding formal tool. High information intensity is desirable because it influences the model accuracy. Low information intensity is preferred when high information intensity requires more information items than are available and this is usually the case in knowledge engineering. Fuzzy models seem to be a useful extension of formal tool used in hi tech microeconomics. However, even fuzzy sets could be prohibitively information intensive. Therefore the range of available formal tools must be considerably broader. This paper introduces qualitative and semiqualitative models and rough sets. Each formal tool is briefly characterized.

  13. Where High-Tech Meets High-Touch: an example of effective cross-disciplinary collaboration in education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzhauer, B.; Mooney, M. E.

    2012-12-01

    How can non-formal education programs effectively blend hands-on, place-based field science lessons with technology and digital media to teach abstract global concepts in a local setting? Using climate change as an overarching concept, the Aldo Leopold Nature Center (ALNC) in Madison, WI, is developing exhibits and digital curricula, strengthened through partnerships with local and national experts from scientific and education fields, to effectively increase the public's interest in and understanding of science and technology, how the world works, and what we can do to adapt, mitigate, and innovate sustainable solutions. The exhibits and multimedia content, centered on topics such as climate, energy, weather, and phenology, have been developed in consultation with partners like the National Academy of Sciences and various departments at the University of Wisconsin (UW). Outdoor "high-touch" programs are complemented with "high-tech" exhibits and media, including touchscreen kiosks and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's (NOAA) Science On a Sphere® global display system, tying together multimedia experiences with peer-reviewed cutting-edge science to ensure maximum comprehension by appealing and connecting to learners of all ages and learning modalities. The curriculum is being developed in alignment with local and national education standards and science and climate literacy frameworks (such as "The Essential Principles of Climate Sciences," U.S. Global Change Research Program / U.S. Climate Change Science Program). Its digital format allows it to be easily adapted to visitors' learning styles and cognitive levels and updated with relevant new content such as real-time climate data or current visualizations from the UW Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies. Drawing upon ALNC's award-winning environmental education experiences, professional development networks such as NOAA's Climate Stewards Education Program, and existing

  14. 医学生辅助诊断能力的培养%Medical ethics education in clinic practice: Training medicos to envisage the effects of high- tech instruments in diagnoses of diseases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韦怀新; 蔡绍曦

    2005-01-01

    It belongs to the ethics that depending to much on high - tech instruments in diagnoses of diseases and overlooking medical examination and clinical history. In clinic educations, we should train medicos to envisage the effects of high - tech instruments in diagnoses of diseases, and strengthen their feeling of responsibihty and training of clinic basic shills.

  15. 中国对高新技术产品出口实行全额退税%Full export tax rebate to be granted to high-tech products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ Chinese deputy minister of commerce Wei Jianguo recently disclosed that following the resumption of a 17% tax rebate to the export of high-tech products last year, China would implement full export tax rebate to computer, software and other high-tech products this year.

  16. Explorer la Micro Web TV italienne: comment les bricoleurs de high-tech redéfinissent-ils le public?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano TRERÉ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The media landscape is undergoing radical changes, especially related to the process of digitalization and information circulation through the internet, which increases the number of web channels and the opportunity to access them using multiple devices, and decreases the expertise needed to produce them. In this new digital, multi-channel environment, radical innovation, diversification and media hybridization are revolutionizing television. For over fifty years the way that television is watched and produced has not changed significantly. Today the roles of producers and audiences have blurred because users are able to upload their contents independent of traditional intermediaries, and to create their own Web TV platforms in an inexpensive way. Claude Lévi Strauss in 1962 developed the concept of the bricoleur opposed to the concept of ingénieur. According to the author, the bricoleur is able to use any available tools stocked from previous experience in order to complete a project, even if these tools were not intended for the specific goal. Drusian and Riva (2010 have applied this concept to the digital context describing the features of a new communication actor: the bricoleur high-tech. In this paper, drawing on the concept of the high-tech bricoleur, we will investigate two different Italian Web Television projects, CrossingTv, a micro WebTV created in Bologna in 2006, and FEMI, the Italian federation of Micro web TVs created in 2008. These initiatives both require the bricoleur, but they differ with regard to aim and results. Through the exploration of these two case studies, this paper shows in which ways these Web TV experiences differ from traditional television, specifically, how these new TV platforms clouds the distinction between media producers and media consumers. Our findings highlight a paradigm shift in how television is produced: content is generated collaboratively through recursive feedback between producers and

  17. High Efficiency Engine Technologies Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rich Kruiswyk

    2010-07-13

    Caterpillar's Product Development and Global Technology Division carried out a research program on waste heat recovery with support from DOE (Department of Energy) and the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory. The objective of the program was to develop a new air management and exhaust energy recovery system that would demonstrate a minimum 10% improvement in thermal efficiency over a base heavy-duty on-highway diesel truck engine. The base engine for this program was a 2007 C15 15.2L series-turbocharged on-highway truck engine with a LPL (low-pressure loop) exhaust recirculation system. The focus of the program was on the development of high efficiency turbomachinery and a high efficiency turbocompound waste heat recovery system. The focus of each area of development was as follows: (1) For turbine stages, the focus was on investigation and development of technologies that would improve on-engine exhaust energy utilization compared to the conventional radial turbines in widespread use today. (2) For compressor stages, the focus was on investigating compressor wheel design parameters beyond the range typically utilized in production, to determine the potential efficiency benefits thereof. (3) For turbocompound, the focus was on the development of a robust bearing system that would provide higher bearing efficiencies compared to systems used in turbocompound power turbines in production. None of the turbocharger technologies investigated involved addition of moving parts, actuators, or exotic materials, thereby increasing the likelihood of a favorable cost-value tradeoff for each technology. And the turbocompound system requires less hardware addition than competing bottoming cycle technologies, making it a more attractive solution from a cost and packaging standpoint. Main outcomes of the program are as follows: (1) Two turbine technologies that demonstrated up to 6% improvement in turbine efficiency on gas stand and 1-3% improvement in thermal efficiency

  18. High Efficiency Engine Technologies Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rich Kruiswyk

    2010-07-13

    Caterpillar's Product Development and Global Technology Division carried out a research program on waste heat recovery with support from DOE (Department of Energy) and the DOE National Energy Technology Laboratory. The objective of the program was to develop a new air management and exhaust energy recovery system that would demonstrate a minimum 10% improvement in thermal efficiency over a base heavy-duty on-highway diesel truck engine. The base engine for this program was a 2007 C15 15.2L series-turbocharged on-highway truck engine with a LPL (low-pressure loop) exhaust recirculation system. The focus of the program was on the development of high efficiency turbomachinery and a high efficiency turbocompound waste heat recovery system. The focus of each area of development was as follows: (1) For turbine stages, the focus was on investigation and development of technologies that would improve on-engine exhaust energy utilization compared to the conventional radial turbines in widespread use today. (2) For compressor stages, the focus was on investigating compressor wheel design parameters beyond the range typically utilized in production, to determine the potential efficiency benefits thereof. (3) For turbocompound, the focus was on the development of a robust bearing system that would provide higher bearing efficiencies compared to systems used in turbocompound power turbines in production. None of the turbocharger technologies investigated involved addition of moving parts, actuators, or exotic materials, thereby increasing the likelihood of a favorable cost-value tradeoff for each technology. And the turbocompound system requires less hardware addition than competing bottoming cycle technologies, making it a more attractive solution from a cost and packaging standpoint. Main outcomes of the program are as follows: (1) Two turbine technologies that demonstrated up to 6% improvement in turbine efficiency on gas stand and 1-3% improvement in thermal efficiency

  19. 高科技企业财务管理风险探析%The risk analysis of financial management of high-tech enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李春歌

    2012-01-01

      在如今的知识经济时代下,高科技领域的竞争正在变得更加激烈。确保财务业绩能够实现可持续增长,控制好财务管理风险,已经成为高科技企业财务管理工作中的重中之重。本文分析了高科技企业财务管理的主要风险,并提出了高科技企业控制财务管理风险的几点对策。%  In today's knowledge economy era, high-tech field of competition is becoming more fierce. Ensure financial performance to achieve sustainable growth, control financial risk management, has become a high-tech enterprises in financial management priority among priorities. This paper analyzes the main risks of financial management of high-tech enterprises, and puts forward the high-tech enterprises control the risk in the financial management of a few countermeasure.

  20. 向中国高技术产业的投资快速增长%China's investment in high-tech industry grows rapidly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    According to the latest statistics released by the National Bureau of Statistics, China's investment in fixed assets of high-tech industries- such as the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, air and space vehicles, electronics and telecom equipment, computer and office equipment, medical equipment, and instrument and meters expanded in 2002 at a faster pace with more funds raised independently.

  1. Try it, you’ll like it—or will you? : The perils of early free-trial promotions for high-tech service adoption

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Foubert, B.; Gijsbrechts, Els

    The proliferation of free trials for high-tech services calls for a careful study of their effectiveness, and the drivers thereof. On the one hand, free trials can generate new paying subscribers, by allowing consumers to become acquainted with the service free of charge. On the other hand, a

  2. INFLUENCE OF FACTORS UNSTABLE ENVIRONMENT ON THE STRATEGY OF INTERACTION BETWEEN STATE AND BUSINESS IN HIGH-TECH SECTORS RUSSIAN ECONOMY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vyacheslav V. Baranov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The types of the unstable state of the macroeconomic environment affecting the strategy of forming government and business. Applied to high-tech industries studied forms of public-private partnerships. The structure of the organizational problems that arise in the creation and development of effective public-private partnership whose solution minimizes the negative effects of environmental factors.

  3. Advances in high voltage engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Haddad, A

    2005-01-01

    This book addresses the very latest research and development issues in high voltage technology and is intended as a reference source for researchers and students in the field, specifically covering developments throughout the past decade. This unique blend of expert authors and comprehensive subject coverage means that this book is ideally suited as a reference source for engineers and academics in the field for years to come.

  4. Engineer named Loring Professor

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2005-01-01

    Saifur Rahman, Virginia Tech professor of electrical and computer engineering (ECE) and the founding director of Virginia Tech's Northern Virginia Division of the College of Engineering, is the recipient of the Joseph R. Loring Professorship of Electrical and Computer Engineering.

  5. 两型高新技术产业发展战略研究%Study on Two-type High-tech Industry Development Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管顺丰; 刘健

    2012-01-01

    高新技术产业是提升产业竞争力、改善人民生活质量、保障国家安全和促进国家经济增长的重要产业。两型高新技术产业指的是资源节约型和环境友好型的高新技术产业。目前,关于两型高新技术产业发展战略及实施体制机制创新的相关研究主要集中在资源节约或环境友好的某一方面的产业领域开展的相关研究,缺少关于两型高新技术产业发展战略的系统的研究成果。%The high-tech industry is an important industry to enhance industrial competitiveness, improving people's quality of life, protection of national security and promote national economic growth. The two types of high-tech industry is a re- source-saving and environment-friendly high-tech industries. At present, research focuses on two types of high-tech indus- trial development strategy and implementation of institutional innovation in a resource-saving and environmentally friendly industrial areas, the lack of systems on the two tvoes of hi~h-tech industrial develonment strateav research results.

  6. 不同绩效高新技术企业的结构因素影响——基于高新技术上市公司的数据%The Influence of Structural Factors on the Performance of Different Levels in High-Tech Enterprises Analysis Based on the Data of High.tech Listed Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张同斌

    2012-01-01

    本文选取2007-2010年我国高新技术上市公司数据,采用分位数回归方法,研究了分层次高新技术企业绩效中股权结构和资本结构的差异化影响。结果表明,随着高新技术上市公司绩效水平的提升,第一大股东持股比例对高新技术上市公司各分位绩效的影响逐渐增大。资产负债率代表的企业经营风险程度和现金流量一直显著影响我国高新技术上市公司绩效,并且资产负债率对高新技术上市公司绩效低分位数的影响小于对绩效高分位数的影响。此外,规模因素仅对高新技术上市公司高分位绩效有显著负影响,绩效越好的高新技术上市公司,规模的制约作用越大。我国高新技术上市公司应提高股权集中度,降低资产负债率,将规模保持在合理水平。%By the end of 2010, the number of China' s high-tech listed companies is about 476. More and more high-tech enterprises enter into the capital market to gain support or supervision and thus enhance their performances. In the year of 2010, the average share proportion of the largest shareholder and the average asset-liabil- ity ratio of China' s high-tech listed companies are 34.8 percent and 31.01 percent respectively. The high concen- tration of share proportion and the low asset-liability ratio are typical characteristics of high-tech listed companies. The largest shareholder' influence on the mode of corporate governance and the listed companies' preference of the equity financing are the important factors affecting the performance of high-tech listed company. The study of above problems is of theoretical and practical significance. This paper did a study on the various effects of ownership structure and capital structure factors on high quan- tile and low quantile performances using the quantile regression method. The empirical results show that the owner- ship structure of high-tech listed companies has nothing

  7. Medium-tech industries may be of greater importance to a local economy than 'High-tech' firms: new methods for measuring the knowledge base of an economic system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolfsma, Wilfred; Leydesdorff, Loet

    2008-09-01

    In this paper we offer a way to measure the knowledge base of an economy in terms of probabilistic entropy. This measure, we hypothesize, is an indication of the extent to which a system, including the economic system, self-organizes. In a self-organizing system, interactions between dimensions or subsystems will unintentionally give rise to anticipations that are properly aligned. The potential reduction of uncertainty can be measured as negative entropy in the mutual information among three (or more) dimensions. For a knowledge-based economy, three dimensions can be considered as key: the distribution of firm sizes, the geographical locations, and the technological classifications of firms. Based on statistics of these three dimensions and drawing on a unique dataset of all Dutch firms registered with the Chambers of Commerce, we are able to refine well-known empirical findings for the geographical dimension. Counter-intuitive, however, are our empirical findings for the dimension of technology. Knowledge diffusion through medium-tech industry is much more important for a localized economy than knowledge creation in high-tech industry. Knowledge-intensive services tend to uncouple economic activities from the regional dimension.

  8. Empreendedorismo high-tech no Brasil: condicionantes econômicos, políticos e culturais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia M. K. Guimarães

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda o fenômeno do empreendedorismo tecnológico, em crescimento no Brasil, estimulado sobretudo pelo avanço das tecnologias de informação e comunicação e por ações governamentais como a Política de Desenvolvimento Produtivo, de maio de 2008, que propõe aumento de 10% no número de micro e pequenas exportadoras, até 2010. O estudo baseia-se em uma abordagem multidimensional que destaca a importância de aspectos econômicos, institucionais, culturais e cognitivos e que supõe uma articulação entre fatores objetivos e subjetivos, entre níveis micro e macro. Os dados empíricos foram coletados através de entrevistas realizadas com empreendedores cujas empresas encontram-se em incubadoras tecnológicas, localizadas em três campi de universidades, no estado do Rio Grande do Sul. As evidências encontradas reforçam a hipótese de que estaria ocorrendo o que se poderia chamar de "mudança cultural", no sentido de que profissionais com alta qualificação, demandados pelo mercado de trabalho, apresentam comportamentos, valores e objetivos, distintos dos esperados - obter um emprego bem remunerado em uma grande empresa, pública ou privada; ênfase nos valores econômicos; individualismo; exercício de poder.The article is concerned with discussing high tech entrepreneurship, which has grown in Brazil, fostered by the advancement of the information and communication technologies and by government actions, as illustrated by the Productive Development Policy, from May, 2008, which sets a target of 10 percent growth, for exporting micro and small enterprises, until 2010. The study was based on a multi-dimensional approach underlying the importance of the economic, institutional, cultural and cognitive factors and the interrelationship between the objective and subjective, the macro and micro levels. The empirical data were obtained through interviews with entrepreneurs whose firms are part of technological incubators, located

  9. Life Sciences at the University of Yachay Tech in Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Graciela Salum; Si Amar Dahoumane; Agathos, Spiros N.

    2016-01-01

    Yachay Tech University, home for more than 900 students and growing, has entered a new era and made a step forward in its development and fulfillment of the hopes placed on it. Indeed, its Schools have launched their careers offering the students a wide range of choices among programs of high academic level. The School of Biological Sciences and Engineering has started its two careers. The first one, coined "Biology," is designed for students aiming to gain knowledge either in "Organism...

  10. The Export Competitiveness Analysis of High-tech Products in Zhejiang Province%高新技术产品出口竞争力分析:浙江案例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞涔; 严焰

    2012-01-01

    High-tech industry of Zhejiang province is the one which has rapid development in recent years. This paper apply exports , export growth .international market share, revealed comparative advantage indices, trade competitiveness index which are judged the export competitiveness of high-tech products, most of the index show that the competitiveness of high-tech products is not strong. Therefore, the author puts some proposals forward to enhance export competitiveness of high-tech products, such as the government further consummates the high-tech industry development policy, increases investment in science and technology, trains talents of high-tech industry, develops high-tech campus and so on.%运用国际市场占有率、显示性比较优势指数、贸易竞争力指数等对浙江省高新技术产品出口竞争力进行评价,大多数指标显示浙江高新技术产品的竞争力不强.最后提出了提升浙江高新技术产品出口竞争力的若干建议,如政府进一步完善高新技术产业发展的政策,积极培养高新技术人才,加大科技投入力度,不断发展高新技术园区等.

  11. Commercial introduction of the Advanced NOxTECH system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sudduth, B.C. [NOxTECH, Inc., Irvine, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31

    NOxTECH is BACT for diesel electric generators. Emissions of NO{sub x} are reduced 95% or more with substantial concurrent reductions in CO, particulates, and ROG`s. No engine modifications or other exhaust aftertreatments can remove all criteria pollutants as effectively as NOxTECH. The NOxTECH system reliably maintains NH{sub 3} slip below 2 ppm. Unlike other emissions controls, NOxTECH does not generate hazardous by-products. The Advanced NOxTECH system reduces the size, weight, and cost for BACT emissions reductions. Based on the operation of a 150 kW prototype, NOxTECH, Inc. is quoting commercial units for diesel electric generators. Advanced NOxTECH equipment costs about half as much as SCR systems, and NO{sub x} reduction can exceed 95% with guarantees for emissions compliance.

  12. Case Studies of Leading Edge Small Urban High Schools. Relevance Strategic Designs: 8. High Tech High School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Regis Anne; Ireland, Nicole; City, Elizabeth; Derderian, Julie; Miles, Karen Hawley

    2008-01-01

    This report is one of nine detailed case studies of small urban high schools that served as the foundation for the Education Resource Strategies (ERS) report "Strategic Designs: Lessons from Leading Edge Small Urban High Schools." These nine schools were dubbed "Leading Edge Schools" because they stand apart from other high…

  13. Two Different Maintenance Strategies in the Hospital Environment: Preventive Maintenance for Older Technology Devices and Predictive Maintenance for Newer High-Tech Devices

    OpenAIRE

    Mana Sezdi

    2016-01-01

    A maintenance program generated through the consideration of characteristics and failures of medical equipment is an important component of technology management. However, older technology devices and newer high-tech devices cannot be efficiently managed using the same strategies because of their different characteristics. This study aimed to generate a maintenance program comprising two different strategies to increase the efficiency of device management: preventive maintenance for older tec...

  14. P & T Committee response to evolving technologies: preparing for the launch of high-tech, high-cost products. Roundtable discussion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, J L; Wordell, C J; Nash, D; Johnson, N E; Gottlieb, J E

    1992-04-01

    P & T Committees are entering an exciting era in which the introduction of biotechnology-derived pharmaceuticals is providing life-saving opportunities for conditions for which there was little or no hope for a cure. The P & T Committee at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital has anticipated the challenge that these novel therapeutics present, and has already positioned itself for the pending approval of the first therapeutic human monoclonal antibody. Nebacumab (HA-1A, formerly known as Centoxin; by Centocor) will be used for the treatment of gram-negative sepsis. Although this antiendotoxin has a good side effect profile, its use also carries a high price tag. This will raise several difficult ethical issues once the product is introduced. In this exclusive Hospital Formulary roundtable, members of Thomas Jefferson's P & T Committee and Technology Assessment Subcommittee provide their insights for responsibly managing a high-tech, high-cost product such as nebacumab.

  15. Organizational Learning and Technical Innovation of High - tech Enterprises%高新技术企业中的组织学习与技术创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李相银; 余莉莉

    2012-01-01

    在当今知识经济的大背景下,以高新技术企业为对象,通过探讨组织学习与技术创新的关系,阐明了组织学习对技术创新的作用,并提出了高新技术企业如何通过组织学习加快实现技术创新的基本思路,以期为我国高新技术企业技术创新能力的提升和国际市场竞争力的增强提供指导.%In the background of knowledge economy, we choose high - tech enterprises to study . Throng exploring the re-lationship between organizational learning and technical innovation, we give a statement about how organizational learning has an effect on technical innovation and then provide some suggestions to high - tech enterprises. We hope all these can make a contribution to improve high - tech enterprises' capacities of technical innovation and the international competitive in our country.

  16. 高新技术产业化项目评价模型的构建%Construction of the High-tech Industrialization Projects Evaluation Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于晶晶; 伍晓强

    2012-01-01

    In the light of the research on the high-tech industrialization projects evaluation, this paper proposed the idea of evaluating high-tech industrialization projects technical level from the view of patent portfolio analysis. At the same time, referring to the theory choosing leading industry, this paper constructed the patent-industry-market integration portfolio assessment model to provide an objective and effective analysis tool for the local governments to evaluate and choose the high-tech industrialization projects.%针对目前高新技术产业化项目评价研究中存在的问题,本文采用专利组合分析方法对高新技术产业化项目的技术实力进行评价.同时,借鉴主导产业选择的相关理论,构建出专利—产业—市场一体化组合模型,以期为地方政府组织评价、筛选高新技术产业化项目提供客观、有效的分析工具.

  17. Study on the Training System to Key talents in High- Tech Company%高科技企业核心人才培训体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲玲; 辜璐

    2011-01-01

    人才是有能动性的最宝贵资源,核心人才竞争已成为企业乃至国家之间竞争的核心和焦点,而人力资源管理水平将成为识别企业实力的重要指标.论文着眼于我国高科技企业的科研生产实际和现有人才状况,通过对当前高科技企业核心人才成长规律进行深入分析,并参照和借鉴国内外知名企业的教育培训体系的先进经验,提出构建高科技企业核心人才培训体系的对策建议.%Talent is the most valuable resource. The competition for key talents has become the core of competition between countries and companies. Human resource management level will be an important standard of measuring company strength. This article focuses on the reality of science research and production in high - tech companies and the condition of existing talents through researching on growth rules of key talent in high - tech companies and referring to the experience and enlightenment of their successful implementation of training systems in famous enterprises. Finally, specific measures have been proposed to build a core training system for high - tech companies.

  18. Determinants of R and D Compensation Strategies in the High Tech Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balkin, David B.; Gomez-Mejia, Luis R.

    1984-01-01

    Interviewed managers in high technology and traditional firms (N=105) to explore the determinants of research and development compensation practices and policies in high technology firms. Results indicated that sales volume, stage in the product life cycle, profitabilty, and turnover are predictors of the method and magnitude of financial rewards.…

  19. Innovation management and marketing in the high-tech sector: A content analysis of advertisements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerhard, D.; Brem, Alexander; Baccarella, Ch.

    2011-01-01

    Advertizing high-technology products is a tricky and critical task for every company, since it means operating in an environment with high market uncertainty. The work presents results of a content analysis of 110 adverts for consumer electronics products which examines how these products and the...

  20. Input -output Analysis of High -tech Enterprises of Hubei Province-A Case Study of 46 High -tech Listed Companies%高新技术企业投入产出分析--以46家湖北省高新技术上市企业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘峰; 谢吕元

    2014-01-01

    High -tech enterprises are the main force of industrial transformation and upgrading,so input -output efficien-cy of high -tech enterprises is particularly important.This paper,take 46 high -tech listed companies in Hubei Province as the research object,from three angles,R &D investment,wages and salaries investment and the acquisition or construc-tion of assets invested into,with regression analysis of the main business income,studied the input and output the status quo of high -tech enterprises in Hubei Province,and proposed measures to optimize the efficiency of input and output.%高新技术企业是产业转型升级的主力军,因此高新技术企业的投入产出效率就显得尤为重要。以46家湖北省高新技术上市企业作为研究对象,从研发投入、员工工资投入以及购建资产投入三个角度与主营业务收入进行回归分析,研究湖北省高新技术企业投入产出的现状,并提出优化投入产出效率的措施。

  1. 基于灰色评价方法的高新区品牌竞争力实证研究——以重庆高新区为例%An Empirical Study on Brand Competitiveness of High Tech Zone based on Gray Evaluation: A case study of Chongqing high tech zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘斌; 赵红

    2012-01-01

    Compared with the brands of products or enterprises, the brands of High Tech Zone own more characteristics. The brand competitiveness of High Tech Zone is related to the competitiveness of the region or city. The paper builds the evaluation index framework of High Tech Zone brand competitiveness from the perspective of brand, and uses gray evaluation method to evaluate the brand competitiveness. Finally, the paper provides some implications and suggestions for High Tech Zone branding.%与一般的产品品牌或企业品牌相比,高新区品牌具有更多的特点,其品牌竞争力更多地依赖于区域或城市的竞争力,且影响因素很多.基于品牌视角,通过建立高新区品牌竞争力评价指标体系,利用灰色评价方法与模糊方法建立测评矩阵进行高新区品牌竞争力综合评价,为高新区品牌评价与建设提供有益参考与建议.

  2. Why we need high-tech politics to make renewables a success story

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldammer, Kathrin; Mans, Ulrich [Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies (IASS), Potsdam (Germany). Transdisciplinary Panel on Energy Change (TPEC)

    2013-04-01

    With the continued growth of renewable energy technologies, major changes are under way in a growing number of energy systems across the globe. Wind, solar, biomass, hydroelectric and geothermal solutions experience an impressive boom and have created a new business sector worth US Dollars 243 billion in 2011. This trend is not caused by recent breakthroughs in engineering; in fact most of the technology has been around for some time. The way we organize our energy infrastructure is not primarily a technical matter; it is above all a political decision. The scale-up of renewable energy supplies at the cost of today's fossil-fuel dominated energy infrastructure is a systemic transition from one technology regime to another and thus requires political leadership for setting the targets, guiding institutional change, freeing resources and deciding on the relevant regulations. Today's energy systems are based on well-established routines and - as any other existing societal arrangement - are governed by a certain degree of lock-in: because people are generally happy to do things the way they have done it in the past, they are unlikely to embrace change quickly. These 'lock-ins' shape, to a large extent, the speed of change as well as the type of solutions required in order to leave behind what works for today in favor of what we want to work for tomorrow. This article provides an overview of recent developments in the energy systems in Germany, California and Japan. We show that in order to appreciate the dilemma's that arise when creating a more sustainable energy system, we need to understand the local political landscape and how it influences decision-making processes. Looking at the three regions, it becomes evident that the level of political leadership determines much of what technology can do to facilitate innovation in the field of sustainable energy. (orig.)

  3. High-tech organizations: What can they tell us about reengineering (grow and reproduce, or die)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Norton, F.J.

    1996-06-10

    Change is the norm of the 1990s, and it will continue to be a major factor in running a company and/or organization as the coming decades unfold. The former cycle of change followed by stability is gone; change as a continuous reality is the new cycle. The necessity to be customer-driven implies a fundamental transformation of the way organizations and their managers choose to do business. Much has been learned about the way people interact with information systems/engineering information (IS/EI) systems technologies. The cultures of the Department of Energy`s (DOE) National Laboratories are built on a research and development (R and D) mentality that greatly increases the difficulty of building an effective IS/EI systems cross-functional group for various organizations. Classical planning approaches ignore cultural and organizational factors. These factors, however, are crucial in devising meaningful and relevant plans. Also, as more and more organizations strive to become competitive, the philosophy and concepts of total quality management (TQM) are receiving increased attention. This paper: discusses the possibility of applying manufacturing reengineering techniques to other industries to help them overcome the risk of failure; provides a comprehensive look at the changes that have occurred in the business environment since the advent of reengineering; discusses why reengineering is so important and how people and executives of organizations can play even more pivotal roles as long-term strategists in there organizations; introduces the concept of the core mission to planning; provides business process redesign that takes into consideration the interaction of humans and technology.

  4. PhD Wang Xingchu,A Successful Leader of A High-tech Company Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ PhD Wang Xingchu was born in 1962. He is the Board Chairman of Shanghai Biotechnology Industrial Garden Coalition Development Co., Ltd. and the General Manager of Shanghai Hua Xin High-Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

  5. Signature of the Collaboration agreement contract between CERN and IASS on High Current, Long Distance Superconducting Power Transmission Lines signed Dr.Steve Myers Director of Acc Tech and Prof. Carlo Rubbia.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2012-01-01

    Signature of the Collaboration agreement contract between CERN and IASS on High Current, Long Distance Superconducting Power Transmission Lines signed Dr.Steve Myers Director of Acc Tech and Prof. Carlo Rubbia.

  6. Tech-X Corporation releases simulation code for solving complex problems in plasma physics : VORPAL code provides a robust environment for simulating plasma processes in high-energy physics, IC fabrications and material processing applications

    CERN Multimedia

    2005-01-01

    Tech-X Corporation releases simulation code for solving complex problems in plasma physics : VORPAL code provides a robust environment for simulating plasma processes in high-energy physics, IC fabrications and material processing applications

  7. The Electronic Advantage: High-Tech Applications (and More) in Student Recruitment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johanson, W. F. Walker

    1993-01-01

    Electronic versions of college catalogs, viewbooks, and applications are used successfully as tools for college student recruitment. High school guidance counselors and community college advisors can be given access to special information services, students can both obtain and provide information on diskette, and the approach is cost effective for…

  8. High Schools that Work and Tech Prep: Improving Student Performance in Basic Skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flowers, Jim

    2000-01-01

    Test results for 244 agricultural education students in High Schools that Work (HSTW) sites in North Carolina indicated that, compared to all students at HSTW sites and to college-prep students, they failed to meet HSTW goals in math, reading, and science but were making progress. Their math and science performance was higher than other vocational…

  9. Competition Law and High-Tech Markets : Conventional Antitrust Thinking Revisited?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ilan, Y.

    2007-01-01

    Knowledge-based industries, often labelled 'high-technology' or 'new economy' have grown in economic significance over the past few decades and have dramatically changed our living standards. These markets typically possess a range of common characteristics, most notably globalisation of businesses,

  10. Competition Law and High-Tech Markets : Conventional Antitrust Thinking Revisited?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ilan, Y.

    2007-01-01

    Knowledge-based industries, often labelled 'high-technology' or 'new economy' have grown in economic significance over the past few decades and have dramatically changed our living standards. These markets typically possess a range of common characteristics, most notably globalisation of businesses,

  11. PhD Wang Xingchu,A Successful Leader of A High-tech Company Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      PhD Wang Xingchu was born in 1962. He is the Board Chairman of Shanghai Biotechnology Industrial Garden Coalition Development Co., Ltd. and the General Manager of Shanghai Hua Xin High-Biotechnology Co., Ltd.……

  12. Dependability for high-tech systems: an industry-as-laboratory approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brinksma, Hendrik; Hooman, J.

    2007-01-01

    The dependability of high-volume embedded systems, such a consumer electronic devices, is threatened by a combination of quickly increasing complexity, decreasing time-to-market, and strong cost constraints. This poses challenging research questions that are investigated in the Trader project, follo

  13. Aspirated Compressors for High Altitude Engines Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Aurora Flight Sciences proposes to incorporate aspirated compressor technology into a high altitude, long endurance (HALE) concept engine. Aspiration has been proven...

  14. Innovation management and marketing in the high-tech sector: A content analysis of advertisements

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerhard, D.; Brem, Alexander; Baccarella, Ch.

    2011-01-01

    Advertizing high-technology products is a tricky and critical task for every company, since it means operating in an environment with high market uncertainty. The work presents results of a content analysis of 110 adverts for consumer electronics products which examines how these products...... and the incorporated technology are communicated to the customer. Based on established coding schemes, the content and the appeals of the adverts are evaluated by coders. The results show that these adverts are very informative, mainly have rational appeals and feature products being in the early stage of their life...... cycles. Regarding the specific content, the ‘mother brand’ is shown to play a very important role. On the other hand, the results show that incorporated technology, its superiority and functionality do not play an important role in the advertisements...

  15. Interactive Whiteboard Use in High-Tech Science Classrooms: Patterns of Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rena Stroud

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Interactive whiteboard (IWB use has been associated with increased student motivation, engagement, and achievement, though many studies ignore the role of the teacher in effecting those positive changes. The current study followed the practice of 28 high school science teachers as they integrated the IWB into their regular classroom activities. The extent of teachers’ adoption and integration fell along a continuum, from the technologically confident “early adopter” to the low-use “resistant adopter.” Patterns of use are explored by extracting data from representative teachers’ practice. Science-specific benefits of IWB use, barriers to integration, and lessons learned for professional development are discussed.

  16. CHINA-FIRST SUPERPOWER IN INTERNATIONAL TRADE WITH HIGH-TECH PRODUCTS

    OpenAIRE

    Ecaterina Stanculescu

    2013-01-01

    The article tries to make a picture of the last five years of the Chinese international trade with high-technology (HT) products. China is after 2006 the biggest commercial force on the international market for HT products, exceeding EU and USA. Its international trade grew rapidely in the field of exports and more slowly for imports, the ballance sheet going from a negative sold to a positive one from 2007 to 2011 (the analized period of time). China disposes of a great potential both for ex...

  17. [Pulmonary. High tech in pulmonary medicine: GeneXpert, coils and bronchial thermoplasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rochat, Thierrry; Chappuis-Gisin, Emilie; Ongaro, Gioele; Janssens, Jean-Paul; Soccal, Paola M

    2014-01-15

    We discuss here three recent applications of high technology in pulmonary medicine. GeneXpert has considerably improved the diagnosis of active tuberculosis. However, the test has also its limits so that clinical assessment, radiology, and sputum microscopy remain fundamental. Treatment of severe emphysema by lung volume reduction is no longer confined to surgical approach, but is now possible by bronchoscopy. Implantation of Nitinol coils in the most diseased parts of the emphysematous lung is a promising technique. Finally, several clinical trials on bronchial thermoplasty have been reported for intractable asthma. The recent publication of the long term effects of this technique is the occasion to update on this matter.

  18. Innovation, regional development and relations between high- and low-tech industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Teis; Winther, Lars

    2011-01-01

    -wage countries with increasingly skilled labour forces. Thus, the inferior growth of the European Union (EU) in the 1990s compared with the USA has been explained by the latter’s higher rate of R&D investments. The paper challenges this rather simplistic view of innovation and examines the regional consequences......The current European policy agenda strongly accentuates the importance of research and development (R&D) as a driver of economic growth. The basic assumption is that high European wage levels make it unlikely that less research-intensive parts of the economy can withstand competition from low...

  19. Tech Flex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demski, Jennifer

    2012-01-01

    On many college campuses, the 21st century classroom is the exception rather than the norm. Here's what usually happens: A forward-thinking administrator pushes for a pilot program to redesign a handful of classrooms. The resulting learning spaces are cutting edge and successful--in high demand among faculty and students alike. And that's as far…

  20. China-first superpower in international trade with high-tech products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ecaterina Stanculescu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available The article tries to make a picture of the last five years of the Chinese international trade with high-technology (HT products. China is after 2006 the biggest commercial force on the international market for HT products, exceeding EU and USA. Its international trade grew rapidely in the field of exports and more slowly for imports, the ballance sheet going from a negative sold to a positive one from 2007 to 2011 (the analized period of time. China disposes of a great potential both for export and import and it is one of the most important partners of EU in this field. China exports and imports, in different proportions, mainly computers and office machines, electronics and telecommunications apparatus, scientific instruments, electrical machineries and other HT products, the prospects for the years to come being hardly encouraging.

  1. NASA Tech Briefs, February 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Tech Briefs are short announcements of innovations originating from research and development activities of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. They emphasize information considered likely to be transferable across industrial, regional, or disciplinary lines and are issued to encourage commercial application. Topics covered include: Measuring Low Concentrations of Liquid Water in Soil; The Mars Science Laboratory Touchdown Test Facility; Non-Contact Measurement of Density and Thickness Variation in Dielectric Materials; Compact Microwave Fourier Spectrum Analyzer; InP Heterojunction Bipolar Transistor Amplifiers to 255 GHz; Combinatorial Generation of Test Suites; In-Phase Power-Combined Frequency Tripler at 300 GHz; Electronic System for Preventing Airport Runway Incursions; Smaller but Fully Functional Backshell for Cable Connector; Glove-Box or Desktop Virtual-Reality System; Composite Layer Manufacturing with Fewer Interruptions; Improved Photoresist Coating for Making CNT Field Emitters; A Simplified Diagnostic Method for Elastomer Bond Durability; Complex Multifunctional Polymer/Carbon-Nanotube Composites; Very High Output Thermoelectric Devices Based on ITO Nanocomposites; Reducing Unsteady Loads on a Piggyback Miniature Submarine; Ultrasonic/Sonic Anchor; Grooved Fuel Rings for Nuclear Thermal Rocket Engines; Pulsed Operation of an Ion Accelerator; Autonomous Instrument Placement for Mars Exploration Rovers; Mission and Assets Database; TCP/IP Interface for the Satellite Orbit Analysis Program (SOAP); Trajectory Calculator for Finite-Radius Cutter on a Lathe; Integrated System Health Management Development Toolkit.

  2. High-Tech Products and the Double Adverse Selection: Does Commercial Distribution Worsen Efficiency?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessio Emanuele BIONDO

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available We all know that information about products drives consumption choices. But knowledge comes first. Without the correct consciousness about products, even with complete information inefficient outcomes may result. The adverse selection problem is revisited in this paper, successfully interpreting what happens any time when, even if a contract is complete and the information about the good being sold known, consumers either do not know enough about the existence of some relevant characteristic of products, or do not fully understand their specifications. One can argue that intermediaries (e.g., shop-assistants can solve the issue. But, unfortunately, this is not true. Intermediaries affect market mechanism, alter consumption experiences and can even create incentives for firms to cheat. This implies that high quality firms should quit commercial distribution to create self-owned mono brand dedicated shops, where assistants are educated (since they work directly for the producer, any asymmetry is equilibrated and the incentive to cheat for firms is ceased. The total social welfare will be increased and, in qualitative terms, consumers buy something that fits better their preferences.

  3. Handheld computers for data entry: high tech has its problems too

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abernethy Amy P

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The use of handheld computers in medicine has increased in the last decade, they are now used in a variety of clinical settings. There is an underlying assumption that electronic data capture is more accurate that paper-based data methods have been rarely tested. This report documents a study to compare the accuracy of hand held computer data capture versus more traditional paper-based methods. Methods Clinical nurses involved in a randomised controlled trial collected patient information on a hand held computer in parallel with a paper-based data form. Both sets of data were entered into an access database and the hand held computer data compared to the paper-based data for discrepancies. Results Error rates from the handheld computers were 67.5 error per 1000 fields, compared to the accepted error rate of 10 per 10,000 field for paper-based double data entry. Error rates were highest in field containing a default value. Conclusion While popular with staff, unacceptable high error rates occurred with hand held computers. Training and ongoing monitoring are needed if hand held computers are to be used for clinical data collection.

  4. Integration of the High-tech and Low-tech in Distance Teacher Training in China: An insight from the case of Jiangsu Radio and Television University

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangyang Zhang

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper reports the results of a pilot in-service teacher training program undertaken in China from 2001 to 2004. Upon completion, the in-service teachers were awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree (non-honor specializing in English Language Education. Many interesting findings resulted from this pilot program. By integrating low- and high-technology in the distance in-service teacher training programs, both the trainers (the university lecturers and the student teachers (in-service school teachers were able to transform their pedagogical skills. The student teachers learned to become independent learners. The university lecturers learned to adjust their teaching styles to be more learner-centred. Both the lecturers and the student teachers adopted task-based approaches to learning and teaching. Finally, the student teachers were given the means to upgrade their qualifications and teaching skills. Based on these findings, the authors offer suggestions for the future development of student teacher training in China using distance modalities.

  5. Mechatronics education at Virginia Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bay, John S.; Saunders, William R.; Reinholtz, Charles F.; Pickett, Peter; Johnston, Lee

    1998-12-01

    The advent of more complex mechatronic systems in industry has introduced new opportunities for entry-level and practicing engineers. Today, a select group of engineers are reaching out to be more knowledgeable in a wide variety of technical areas, both mechanical and electrical. A new curriculum in mechatronics developed at Virginia Tech is starting to bring students from both the mechanical and electrical engineering departments together, providing them wit an integrated perspective on electromechanical technologies and design. The course is cross-listed and team-taught by faculty from both departments. Students from different majors are grouped together throughout the course, each group containing at least one mechanical and one electrical engineering student. This gives group members the ability to learn from one another while working on labs and projects.

  6. Understanding transferable supply chain lessons and practices to a "high-tech" industry using guidelines from a primary sector industry: a case study in the food industry supply chain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coronado Mondragon, Adrian E; Coronado Mondragon, Christian E; Coronado, Etienne S

    2015-01-01

    Flexibility and innovation at creating shapes, adapting processes, and modifying materials characterize composites materials, a "high-tech" industry. However, the absence of standard manufacturing processes and the selection of materials with defined properties hinder the configuration of the composites materials supply chain. An interesting alternative for a "high-tech" industry such as composite materials would be to review supply chain lessons and practices in "low-tech" industries such as food. The main motivation of this study is to identify lessons and practices that comprise innovations in the supply chain of a firm in a perceived "low-tech" industry that can be used to provide guidelines in the design of the supply chain of a "high-tech" industry, in this case composite materials. This work uses the case study/site visit with analogy methodology to collect data from a Spanish leading producer of fresh fruit juice which is sold in major European markets and makes use of a cold chain. The study highlights supply base management and visibility/traceability as two elements of the supply chain in a "low-tech" industry that can provide guidelines that can be used in the configuration of the supply chain of the composite materials industry.

  7. High-Tech Cruelty

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinduja, Sameer; Patchin, Justin W.

    2011-01-01

    Cyberbullying is a growing problem because increasing numbers of young people use computers, cell phones, and other interactive devices as their main form of social interaction. Cyberbullies use technology to harass, threaten, or humiliate their peers. Online aggression isn't just traditional bullying with new tools. It's widespread, devastating,…

  8. High tech application

    CERN Multimedia

    1988-01-01

    Equipment for vacuum deposition of conductor tracks on three sets of quartz plates. This technique requires exceptionally clean working conditions. This technique requires exceptionally clean working conditions.

  9. High Tech Counseling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2000-01-01

    Includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling at the beginning of the new millennium. Contains reviews and implications of several articles that appeared in the first issue of the "Journal of Technology in Counseling" and some recent technology related developments by the Association for Counselor Education and Supervision and…

  10. High Tech Counseling: Revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Layne, Christina Mann; Hohenshil, Thomas H.

    2005-01-01

    This article includes a discussion of technology's use in counseling. It contains reviews and implications of 4 articles that appeared in the Journal of Technology in Counseling (JTC) and provides a discussion of the future of technology in the counseling profession.

  11. Beyond high tech

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Günzel, Franziska; Wilker, Helge

    2012-01-01

    Technology plays an important role for any start-up as an opportunity to be exploited, as well as an enabler to structure the start-up's activities to better generate value. The business model is a useful tool in these settings to keep track of technology and understand its potential value for th...

  12. The Effect of Financial Factors on the Performance of New Venture Companies in High Tech and Knowledge-Intensive Industries: An Empirical Study in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøllingtoft, Anne; Ulhøi, John Parm; Madsen, Henning

    2003-01-01

    This paper addresses important financial aspects during the formation of knowledge-intensive entrepreneurship. A number of ex ante derived hypotheses are submitted to an empirical test to identify and explain some of the key financial factors affecting the survival and first preliminary growth...... of new ventures in high-tech and knowledge-intensive sectors. The paper builds in part upon existing literature on venture capital, theory on risk and trust. The results document that high variation on several dimensions can be found across the two sectors investigated (IT and life sciences)....

  13. Airport Noise Tech Challenge Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bridges, James

    2011-01-01

    The Supersonics Project, operating under NASA Aeronautics Mission Directorate#s Fundamental Aero Program, has been organized around the Technical Challenges that have historically precluded commercial supersonic flight. One of these Challenges is making aircraft that are capable of such high aerodynamic performance quiet enough around airports that they will not be objectionable. It is recognized that a successful civilian supersonic aircraft will be a system where many new technologies will come together, and for this to happen not only will new low noise propulsion concepts be required, but new engineering tools that predict the noise of the aircraft as these technologies are combined and compromised with the rest of the aircraft design. These are the two main objectives of the Airport Noise Tech Challenge. " ! As a Project in the Fundamental Aero Program, we work at a relatively low level of technology readiness. However, we have high level milestones which force us to integrate our efforts to impact systems-level activities. To keep the low-level work tied to delivering engineering tools and low-noise concepts, we have structured our milestones around development of the concepts and organized our activities around developing and applying our engineering tools to these concepts. The final deliverables in these milestones are noise prediction modules validated against the best embodiment of each concept. These will then be used in cross-disciplinary exercises to demonstrate the viability of aircraft designs to meet all the Technical Challenges. Some of the concepts being developed are shown: Fan Flow Diverters, Multi-jet Shielding, High-Aspect Ratio Embedded Nozzles, Plasma Actuated Instability Manipulation, Highly Variable Cycle Mixer- Ejectors, and Inverted Velocity Profiles. These concepts are being developed for reduced jet noise along with the design tools which describe how they perform when used in various aircraft configurations. Several key upcoming

  14. IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF THE STATE FINANCIAL CONTROL IN THE SPHERE OF HIGH-TECH MILITARY-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anzhela Zakhitovna Namitulina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The presented research topic is particularly relevant due to the high value and the need to strengthen fi nancial control for the development of the military-industrial complex (MIC, to ensure the country's economic security, preservation and development of scientifi c and technical potential. The urgency of acquiring those aspects of economic relations which are connected with the supply the export of high-tech military products in a limited budget funding State should have levers of infl uence on the functioning of the military-industrial complex, the ability to pursue an independent foreign military-technical policy. In the new economic conditions, it became necessary to address the problems of fi nancial security of the defense-industrial complex, in order to strengthen the independence and security of Russia, as well as the need to give priority nature of the measures of state control in the economy related to the implementation of the defense order, ie, in the sphere of military-industrial complex. At the present stage of economic development of Russia, the rate of growth of the national economy largely depends on what the situation is in the military-industrial complex (MIC. This is due to the fact that the defense industry is the most high-quality, high-tech economy. It concentrated the largest part of the Russian potential, the best staff of scientists and experts. Products and DIC technology widely used in other industries. The modern military-industrial complex produces a signifi cant part of civil production. DIC integration with civilian industries – it is also a technological basis for solving the basic problems currently facing the Russian economy, and, above all, the basis of the formation of a new technological basis for the development of high technology and competitive products, which determines the pace of scientifi c and technological progress and the growth of the national economy. Objectives. The aim of the paper is the

  15. 武汉市高端装备制造业创新发展的路径研究%The Route Study on the Creation and Development of High Tech Equipment Manufacturing Industry in Wuhan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥朝阳; 唐寅; 谭畅

    2013-01-01

    The high tech equipment manufacturing industry has become the important engine at present to drive the up-grading of the whole equipment manufacturing industry, is the important support for the development of the strategic and new-ly born industry. Although the foundation for the equipment manufacturing industry in Wuhan is better, yet in the side of the high tech equipment manufacturing exists the problems, such as the small scale of the production output and the incomplete industrial link. The reason lies in the consciousness of collaborative development, research cooperation and capital operation are grossly inadequate. Therefore, through integrating self-innovation,cooperating innovation and acquisitions and other mea-sures to promote the innovative development of high-end equipment manufacturing in Wuhan.%作为带动整个装备制造产业升级的重要引擎,高端装备制造产业是战略新兴产业发展的重要支撑。尽管武汉市装备制造业整体基础较好,但高端装备制造产业存在着规模偏小、产业链不完整等问题。其原因在于企业协同发展意识、产学研合作意识、资本运作意识等方面存在严重不足。因此,应通过自主创新、协同创新与并购融合创新等措施促进武汉市高端装备制造业的发展。

  16. A Patent Collaborative Management Model Between High-Tech Enterprises%高新技术企业间专利协同管理模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    支丽平; 王恒山

    2012-01-01

    多Agent技术是分布式人工智能及计算机科学领域的研究热点,将此技术应用于高新技术企业间的专利协同管理,给出该模式的系统架构、主要内容以及各类Agent间的消息通信机制,并引入全局管理Agent和调解Agent,使各类Agent进行合作,以实现全局性的协同目标。最后对海尔集团进行了实证研究,结果表明,该模式可以应用于我国家电行业高新技术企业,同时也期望能够为其他行业高新技术企业间实现专利协同管理提供可借鉴的技术理论。%Multi-agent technology is the hot spot of distributed artificial intelligence and computer science domain, this article attempts to apply it into the patent collaborative management between high-tech enterprises. The model of the system architecture is proposed, and the main content of which is also provided, then this paper gives the message communication mechanism between various types of agents, and introduces global management agent and mediate agent so that all kinds of agents can cooperate to achieve global cooperative target. Specifically, this pa- per takes the Haier group as an empirical study, the result shows that the model can be applied to China's high-tech enterprises in the household electrical appliance industry, which also provides a reference technical theo- ry for other types of high-tech enterprises.

  17. Development Model of Leading High-tech Sectors%突破带动型高新技术产业的发展模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李飞; 陈劲

    2013-01-01

      突破带动型高新技术产业的最鲜明特征是对经济增长有突破带动性作用,对一国经济发展和创新能力建设具有关键作用。本文在突破带动型高科技产业结构特征分析基础上,结合典型高科技产业的发展案例,归纳总结出该类产业的发展模式,即链条式、关联式、集群式、融合式等四种模式。同时,从产业创新体系的视角对这些不同的发展模式进行了讨论分析,对我国突破带动型高科技产业发展提供了一些有益启示。%The leading high-tech sectors play a stimulative role in the economic development, and are the key to the national progress and national innovation. Based on the analysis of construction character of these sectors, this paper summarizes the four types of development models with the case study of high-tech sectors:chain, correlation, cluster, fusion. Then we discuss these different models from the perspective of sector innovation and hope to give some good suggestions for the development of leading high-tech sectors.

  18. New High in Engineering Degree Production. Facts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connecticut Department of Higher Education (NJ1), 2010

    2010-01-01

    Several of the state's key industry sectors depend heavily on employees with advanced scientific, analytic and technical knowledge. Among the fields closely related to these sectors, engineering degrees have posted the largest gain. This paper presents details on the following facts: (1) 2009 represented a record high for engineering degrees; (2)…

  19. “政产学研”协同创新视角下景德镇高技术陶瓷产业发展问题探讨%Research on Jingdezhen High-Tech Ceramic Development from the Perspective of the Government-Industry-University-Research Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣蔚; 韩静

    2016-01-01

    景德镇着力打造的以高技术陶瓷为核心竞争力的产业新格局正在形成。高技术陶瓷在加工材料、制作工艺、性能等多方面突破了传统陶瓷的范围,已被广泛运用于电子、信息通讯、航空航天、机械工程等新兴领域。本文针对景德镇高技术陶瓷产业发展中的相关问题,在“产学研”理论中增加政府的机能,为协同创新提供有效的路径。%Jingdezhen strives to build a new industrial pattern with high-tech ceramics as its core competitive force. High-tech ceramics is widely used in electronics, information and communication, aerospace, and mechanic engineering. It surpasses traditional ceramics for its raw materials, production process and property. This paper focuses on high-tech ceramic development issues, with the aim to strengthen the government’s function in the industry-university-research cooperation to provide a valid innovation path for its collaborative innovation.

  20. EDITORIAL: Special issue featuring articles arising from the 11th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference Special issue featuring articles arising from the 11th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruggeman, Peter; Degrez, Gérard; Delplancke, Marie-Paule; Gleizes, Alain

    2011-05-01

    The 11th High-Tech Plasma Processes Conference (HTPP) was held in Brussels, Belgium, 27 June-2 July, 2010. HTPP started as a thermal plasma conference and gradually expanded to include low-temperature plasmas. The conference was founded by Jacques Amouroux and Pierre Fauchais, and aims to bring together different scientific communities to facilitate contacts between science, technology and industry, providing a platform for the exploration of elementary processes and applications in and by plasmas. The first HTPP was held in Odeillo, France, in 1990. Since then it has been held every other year in different European cities: Paris, Aachen, Athens, Strasbourg, Saint-Petersburg, Patras and Brussels. The 11th HTPP conference was attended by 125 participants from 19 countries. The program involved 14 invited talks, 34 contributed talks, 72 posters and a software demonstration and hands-on session for plasma modelling. The 12th HTPP conference will be held 24-28 June 2012, in Bologna, Italy. A larger part of the contributions to the 11th HTPP has been published in the Journal of Physics: Conference Series (JPCS) volume 275, 2011. All invited speakers and other contributors, as selected by the Steering, Scientific and Organizing Committee, were invited to submit a paper based on their contributions for this special issue which is peer reviewed by the journal. Both this special issue and the JPCS volume aim to bring the 11th HTPP to a wider audience. The publications are a nice example of the broad topic range of the conference. The JPCS volume contains papers covering fundamental aspects on radiative processes of thermal plasmas, modelling of thermal arcs and non-thermal RF plasma jets, plasma diagnostics including flow and heat flux measurements of thermal plasmas, radical density measurements and laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. The applications-oriented contributions of the JPCS volume include plasma spraying, synthesis of (nano-sized) materials, surface

  1. Status Quo and Quality Control Strategies of Sci-tech Novelty Retrieval for Engineering%工科科技查新现状及质量控制策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武茹

    2015-01-01

    The paper points out existing problems in sci-tech novelty retrieval for engineering, such as client ’s filling out incor-rectly order, workstation’s insufficient document resources, and novelty retriever’s limitation in professional knowledge and skills. It considers that the following are important measures to improve the quality of sci-tech novelty retrieval for engineering: strengthening exchange with clients, extracting novelty retrieval points accurately, enriching document resources, choosing database reasonably, stan-dardizing report’s writing, improving examination and verification system, enhancing training of novelty retriever to promote their com-prehensive competence.%指出工科科技查新中用户委托单填写不当、查新站文献资源不足、查新人员专业和技能局限性等问题。认为加强与用户交流,准确提炼查新点;充实文献资源,合理选择数据库;规范查新报告撰写,完善审核制度;加强查新员培训,提高其综合素质等,是提高工科科技查新质量的重要举措。

  2. 高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展关系实证研究——基于中国1997年-2009年省际面板数据%An Empirical Study of the Relationship between High-Tech Industries' R&D Resource Input and High-Tech Industry Development Based on Provincial Panel Data of China during the Period 1997-2009

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李平; 张俊飚; 徐卫涛; 李树明; 赵可

    2011-01-01

    本文利用我国1997年-2009年的面板数据,采取面板单位根检验、协整分析、误差修正模型等计量方法,探讨了高技术产业R&D资源投入与高技术产业发展间的关系。实证结果显示:①高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展存在长期均衡关系,其中产业研发经费支出与产业发展具有正向长期均衡关系,产业专利申请数与高技术产业发展具有反向长期均衡关系,而研发人员数量投入与产业发展之间的关系尚不明显;②高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展的长期均衡存在短期修正效应,具体来讲,产业研发经费支出及研发人员投入变量与高技术产业发展的长期均衡存在短期修正效应,而产业专利申请数变量与高技术产业发展的长期均衡不存在短期修正效应。加大创新人才培养和知识产权保护力度、推进技术成果转化吸收、增加高技术产业研发经费投入是保持高技术产业R&D资源投入与产业发展良性互动的有效途径。%The development status of the high-tech industry represents national innovation ability; related studies are therefore of importance. On the basis of literature review, provincial panel data of China during the period 1997-2009 were used to explore the relationship between the high-tech industries' R&D resource input and status of high-tech industry development. A range of measurement techniques were utilized, including the stationary test of panel data (e.g., LLC, IPS, ADF-Fisher, PP-Fisher test) and panel data cointegration analysis (e.g., Pedroni, Kao-ADF, and Fisher test), panel data FMOLS regression analysis, and a panel data error correction model. Results show that there exists a co-integration relationship between the high-tech industries' R&D resource input and high-tech industry development, which can also be referred to as a long-term equilibrium relationship. Specifically, the high-tech

  3. 中小高新技术企业成长的制约因素及其突破路径%Constraints Factors and Path Breaking of Small and Medium High -tech Enterprises Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金花; 刘文检

    2012-01-01

    Since most high - tech has advancing features, the growth chains of high - tech enterprises show different risks. Factors restricting the growth of high - tech enterprises are: the shortage of funds, financing channels; weak continuous technological innovation capability; internal management problems; inadequate innovation of policy measures. Therefore, to accelerate the development of high - tech enterprises, we should broaden the financing channels to enhance the financing capacity of hightech enterprises; learn from foreign experience to strengthen policy guidance of high - tech enterprises; create a good environment to improve the regional convergency of hightech enterprises; enhance innovation capability to upgrade the high - tech enterprises competitiveness; help companies strengthen their internal management to improve the development quality and level; consummate policy mechanism and improve the statute and system of high - tech enterprises.%由于大多数高新技术具有明显的超前特点,导致在高新技术企业的成长链各环节中表现出不同的风险.制约高新技术企业成长的因素主要有,资金短缺,融资渠道不畅;技术创新持续能力不强;企业内部经营管理存在问题;政策措施创新力度不够等.为此,要通过拓宽融资渠道,增强高新技术企业的融资能力;借鉴国外经验,加强高新技术企业的政策引导;创造良好环境,提高高新技术企业的区域集聚力;加强创新能力,提升高新技术企业的竞争力;帮助企业加强内部管理,提升发展质量与水平;完善政策机制,完善高新技术企业的法规制度等,加快高新技术企业的发展.

  4. Research on the Cost Management of High-Tech Enterprises%高新技术企业成本管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩俊华

    2011-01-01

    研究了高新技术企业的理论基础,并分析了高新技术企业全流程成本管理(各流程成本具有关联性,上游成本对下游成本具有放大性)、双向控制成本扩张管理(加法评价法和减法评价法)、冰山理论的非财务收益成本管理、产品生命周期成本管理和战略管理,提出了适宜于高新技术企业的战略成本管理和ABC-EVA集成成本系统管理的措施。%This paper studies the basic theory of high-tech enterprise,and analyzes the whole flow of high-tech enterprise cost management,two-way control expansion cost management,the iceberg theory cost management,life cycle of product cost management and strategic management.Finally,this paper proposes approaches to establish the strategic cost management and ABC-EVA integrated cost system management for high and new technology enterprise.

  5. 江苏高技术产业创新能力的实证研究%The Analysis on High-tech Industry Innovation Capability in Jiangsu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马澜

    2012-01-01

    Product of Hi-tech Industry in Jiangsu is great. To find out the state of innovation capability in Jiangsu' s Hi-tech Industry, we design an evaluation index system of high-technology industry's innovation capability from the perspective of innovation input, output and conditions. Grey Incidence Degrees model was employed to make synthetic estimation for high-technology industry's innovation capability in Jiangsu. On this basis,some suggestions on improving high-technology industry's innovation capability in Jiangsu are put forward.%江苏是高技术产业大省,针对江苏高技术产业的创新能力,本文从创新环境、创新投入和创新产出三个维度建立了创新能力评价指标体系,运用灰色关联法对江苏高技术产业主要子行业的创新能力进行了综合评价,并在此基础上给出了江苏高技术产业创新能力提升的相关建议。

  6. 高新技术企业交通影响分析方法研究%Research on traffic impact analysis of high-tech enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨晶

    2012-01-01

    以杭州市滨江区英飞特电子半导体产业化基地项目为例,探讨了高新技术企业交通影响分析方法,分别阐述了静态交通评价和动态交通评价的具体项目及其评价指标,得出了该项目建设对周边道路网的影响情况,并确定相应的交通改善措施,对今后同类高新技术企业用地的开发建设具有参考意义。%Taking the LED ONE electric semiconductor industry base program at Binjiang district of Hangzhou as the example, the paper ex- plores the traffic impact analysis method of the high-tech enterprises, illustrates the factual indexes and evaluation of the static traffic evaluation and the dynamic traffic evaluation, concludes the influence of the project on the surrounding road network, and identifies the respective traffic improvement measures, so as to provide the reference for the development and construction of the similar high-tech enterprises.

  7. The research on leadership of line manager in high tech enterprise%高科技企业一线经理领导力研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓会勇; 葛新权

    2016-01-01

    高科技企业经理的领导力水平直接影响着员工的积极性与创新性。作为员工直接主管的一线经理,其领导力对于激发员工的积极性和主动性、最大限度地发挥人力资源的潜能至关重要。通过对高科技企业一线经理领导情景的分析,提出了一线经理领导力的核心要素,并探讨了培育和提升领导力的具体措施。%The leadership of manager in High-tech enterprise directly affects the staff's enthusiasm and innovation. As an employee's immediate supervisor, the leadership of line managers plays a significant role in stimulating employee’s enthusiasm and initiative, which is also essential to maximize the potential of human resources. Therefore, based on the analysis of high-tech for the business line manager leadership scenarios, this paper proposed core elements of leadership line managers, and discusses the nurture and enhance the leadership of specific measures.

  8. The Empirical Study on Capital Structure of High-tech Manufacturing%我国高新制造业上市公司的资本结构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余思佳

    2016-01-01

    The study taking 70 listed companies as samples to analyze the capital structure of aHigh -tech man‐ufacturing .The study knows the funds mostly comes from the country's fiscal subside in High -tech manufactur‐ing .The capital structure is unreasonable .The study put forward some suggestions to improve this situation :First of all ,to expand the industry financing channels ,financing diversification ;Second ,improve industry debt struc‐ture ,improve corporate profitability ;Third ,establish and perfect the capital market.%文章以70家A股主板上市的高新制造业企业数据样本为基础,分析高新制造业行业资本结构。研究发现,高新制造业企业资金多源于国家财政补贴,且流动负债水平偏高,其资本结构仍有较大优化空间,应拓宽行业企业融资渠道,实现融资多样化;改善行业负债结构,提高企业盈利能力;建立健全资本市场机制。

  9. HI-TECH OLYMPICS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The only Chinese company in The Olympic Partner Program, Lenovo supplies hi-tech in return for worldwide rights to Olympic logos Nineteen eighty-four was a lucky year for China as the country resumed its seat on the

  10. Human capital in low-tech manufacturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Teis; Winther, Lars; Hansen, Ronnie Fibæk

    2014-01-01

    capital appears to be equally important for economic development in low-tech industries and, second, that the divide between the large urban regions, especially Copenhagen, and the rest of the country plays the primary role in explaining the geography of human capital. These findings stress the relevance......An essential feature associated with the rise of the knowledge economy has been the increasing focus on the importance of human capital as a precondition for economic growth. Human capital has been found to have a positive impact on the economic growth of high-tech industries, however......, the influence of human capital on the development of low-tech industries is yet to be analysed. This paper provides such an examination of low-tech industries based on an analysis of employment data within manufacturing industries in Denmark in the period 1993–2006. The findings highlight, first, that human...

  11. Comparative Study of Foreign and Domestic High-tech Industry 's Wage Gap%内外资高技术产业工薪差距的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪

    2015-01-01

    通过对内外资高技术产业1998-2008年工薪差距的实证研究, 得出资本密集度、 出口密度、 研发密度等对内外资高技术产业工薪差距均存在显著影响, 并且分析计量结果得出, 内资高技术产业更具有发展潜力.%Through domestic and foreign high-tech industry from 1998 to 2008 year's data , empirical research results that output scale, capital-intensive, export-density are significantly affect the development of foreign high-tech industry wage gap, and analysis of measurement results obtained out of domestic high-tech industry has more potential for development.

  12. Research on the Status Quo of High-tech Products Export in China%我国高新技术产品出口的现状研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘二真; 吕玉花

    2016-01-01

    随着我国高新技术产业的蓬勃发展,高新技术产品出口规模不断扩大。基于高新技术产品出口的现状,分析我国高新技术产品出口中存在的问题,即高新技术产品出口结构单一、加工贸易所占比重过大、高新技术产业创新能力不足,提出加快我国高新技术产品出口的对策建议。%With the vigorous development of high⁃tech industry in China, the export scale of high⁃tech products is expanding. Based on current situation of high⁃tech products export, this paper analyzes the problems existing in China's high⁃tech products export:export structure of high technology products is single; the proportion of pro⁃cessing trade is too high;the innovation ability is insufficient. The countermeasures and suggestions are put for⁃ward to speed up the export of high⁃tech products in China.

  13. High voltage and electrical insulation engineering

    CERN Document Server

    Arora, Ravindra

    2011-01-01

    "The book is written for students as well as for teachers and researchers in the field of High Voltage and Insulation Engineering. It is based on the advance level courses conducted at TU Dresden, Germany and Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, India. The book has a novel approach describing the fundamental concept of field dependent behavior of dielectrics subjected to high voltage. There is no other book in the field of high voltage engineering following this new approach in describing the behavior of dielectrics. The contents begin with the description of fundamental terminology in the subject of high voltage engineering. It is followed by the classification of electric fields and the techniques of field estimation. Performance of gaseous, liquid and solid dielectrics under different field conditions is described in the subsequent chapters. Separate chapters on vacuum as insulation and the lightning phenomenon are included"--

  14. Computer systems and software engineering

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mckay, Charles W.

    1988-01-01

    The High Technologies Laboratory (HTL) was established in the fall of 1982 at the University of Houston Clear Lake. Research conducted at the High Tech Lab is focused upon computer systems and software engineering. There is a strong emphasis on the interrelationship of these areas of technology and the United States' space program. In Jan. of 1987, NASA Headquarters announced the formation of its first research center dedicated to software engineering. Operated by the High Tech Lab, the Software Engineering Research Center (SERC) was formed at the University of Houston Clear Lake. The High Tech Lab/Software Engineering Research Center promotes cooperative research among government, industry, and academia to advance the edge-of-knowledge and the state-of-the-practice in key topics of computer systems and software engineering which are critical to NASA. The center also recommends appropriate actions, guidelines, standards, and policies to NASA in matters pertinent to the center's research. Results of the research conducted at the High Tech Lab/Software Engineering Research Center have given direction to many decisions made by NASA concerning the Space Station Program.

  15. Well-integrity survey (Phase II) of abandoned homestead water wells in the High Plains aquifer, former Pantex Ordance Plant and Texas Tech Research Farm near Amarillo, Texas, 1995

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivers, Glenn A.

    1995-01-01

    This report describes the methods used and the results obtained during a field search for abandoned homestead sites and water wells at the former Pantex Ordnance Plant and Texas Tech Research Farm (Pantex site) near Amarillo, Texas. The search was the second phase of a three-phase well-integrity survey at the Pantex site proposed by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

  16. High-voltage engineering and testing

    CERN Document Server

    Ryan, Hugh M

    2013-01-01

    This 3rd edition of High Voltage Engineering Testing describes strategic developments in the field and reflects on how they can best be managed. All the key components of high voltage and distribution systems are covered including electric power networks, UHV and HV. Distribution systems including HVDC and power electronic systems are also considered.

  17. Perception of Export Barriers in a High-Tech Sector in a Less Developed Country: The Case of ICT SMEs in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Richardson

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper investigates which export barriers are most pressing to small and medium sized enterprises (SME in a high-tech sector in a developing-country. It also examines whether exporters and non-exporters perceive different export barriers as being more pressing to their export development/initiation. The unit of analysis is SMEs in Malaysia’s information and communications technology (ICT sector. The findings suggest that the high cost of exporting is the most severe problem facing firms in the sample, with cultural differences posing the least important obstacle. Furthermore, with just two exceptions, there are no statistically significant differences in the perceptions of export barriers between exporting and non-exporting firms.

  18. The Key Approach to Difficulties in High-tech SME Financing: The Analysis on the Operation Mode of Sci-tech-based Banks%破解我国科技型中小企业融资难的密钥——科技银行经营模式解析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈游

    2015-01-01

    对于科技型中小企业,创业者更愿意引入商业银行等金融机构提供的债权性资金,而不愿引入权益资本稀释股权.但科技型中小企业这种高增长、高盈利以及高风险的突出特点与商业银行的经营准则之间有着结构性矛盾,造成债权性资金不能大量进入处在这一发展阶段的科技型中小企业.而科技银行主要通过债权的方式参与企业经营,从企业利用风险投资再融资和第三方机构的投资获得偿还.科技银行的经营模式正是解决国内科技型中小企业的融资难问题的密钥.我国要利用现有的商业银行模式,建立专门为科技型中小企业融资服务的科技金融新模式.%As for high-tech SME, starters prefer debt capital provided by commercial banks rather than equity capital to dilute shares. But such characteristics of high-tech enterprises as high increase rate, high profit and high risk structurally conflict with the present operational rules of commercial banks in China, leading to the failure of debt capital to pump into those companies in a certain stage. Sci-tech-based banks mainly invest in SME a creditor and get the return by refinancing by venture capital or investment by the third party. The operation mode of Sci-tech-based banks provides a key to solve difficulties in high-tech SME financing. This paper analyses the operation mode of the banks and suggests that China take advantage of the present mode of commercial banking to establish a new mode of sci-tech financing for SME in particular.

  19. Assuring quality in high-consequence engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoover, Marcey L.; Kolb, Rachel R.

    2014-03-01

    In high-consequence engineering organizations, such as Sandia, quality assurance may be heavily dependent on staff competency. Competency-dependent quality assurance models are at risk when the environment changes, as it has with increasing attrition rates, budget and schedule cuts, and competing program priorities. Risks in Sandia's competency-dependent culture can be mitigated through changes to hiring, training, and customer engagement approaches to manage people, partners, and products. Sandia's technical quality engineering organization has been able to mitigate corporate-level risks by driving changes that benefit all departments, and in doing so has assured Sandia's commitment to excellence in high-consequence engineering and national service.

  20. An Empirical Study of the Relationship Between Total Quality Management Activities and Business Operational Performance among Taiwan`s High-Tech Manufacturers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Yi-Chan; Hsu, Yau-Wen; Chen, Ching-Piao; Tsai, Chih-Hung

    This research studies the impact of critical success factors of Total Quality Management (TQM) activities implementation and the impact of TQM activities implementation on business operational performance. The two intermediate variables, industry group and enterprise scale are considered. Through literature review, this research developed a theoretical model of the factors influencing the relations. The empirical analysis results on Taiwan`s high-tech firms in the Hsinchu Science-Based Industrial Park show that the degree of executive involvement in TQM success factors revealed significant influence on the degree of TQM activities execution. Furthermore, the research hypothesis the degree of executive involvement in TQM activities revealed significant influence on business operational performance was statistically tested and proven in this research. The two intermediate variables, industry group and enterprise scale do not show noticeable impact on TQM activities implementation and business operational performance.

  1. Iterest grows for Dutch mid-tech and low-tech greenhouse technology : A greenhouse to suit all tropical conditions (interview with Anne Elings)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kierkels, T.; Elings, A.

    2014-01-01

    The Netherlands sets the standard for high-tech greenhouses worldwide. But increasingly suppliers are looking too at possibilities within the mid-tech and even the low-tech market segments. The Dutch government is supporting demonstration projects, for example in Mexico, East Africa and Malaysia. Te

  2. Measuring Innovation Performance of Chinese High-tech Industries%我国高技术产业技术创新效率的测度

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    官建成; 陈凯华

    2009-01-01

    本文综合运用数据包络分析的松弛测度模型和临界效率测度模型,对中国高技术产业技术创新活动的技术效率、纯技术效率、规模效率、规模状态进行了测度.研究表明,虽然中国高技术产业纯技术效率在逐年改善,但规模效益较差,规模效率逐年削弱,且生产规模处于最优状态的份额仅占考察状态的38%.研究还发现,无效高技术产业技术改造经费投入冗余较为严重,多数无效高技术产业在新产品出口和专利产出上存在较大的潜在产出不足.%The paper measures the performances of technical efficiency, pure technical efficiency, scale efficiency, scale status in virtue of the slack-based meas- ure and the critical efficiency measure in data envelopment analysis (DEA) .The measurement results show that although the pure technical efficiency is improving year by year, the scale economy is poor and the scale effect is gradually weakening, along with the fact that the states with optimal productive scale only share 38 % of all inspected states.At the same time, the analysis results also show that the sur- plus degree of inputs of technological renovation into innovation activities of inefficient high-tech industries is serious, and there is heavy shortage of potential outputs in the products export and inventive patents for most of inefficient high-tech industries.

  3. Impact of an Engineering Case Study in a High School Pre-Engineering Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rutz, Eugene; Shafer, Michelle

    2011-01-01

    Students at an all-girls high school who were enrolled in an introduction to engineering course were presented an engineering case study to determine if the case study affected their attitudes toward engineering and their abilities to solve engineering problems. A case study on power plants was implemented during a unit on electrical engineering.…

  4. Running-gear Tech 2001; Fahrwerk-Tech 2001. Tagung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Dynamic driving characteristics, active safety and high comfort are conflicting goals which can be combined by active vehicle management systems. The conference discussed modern tools and methods in the fields of design, simulation and experiment. [German] Im Zielkonflikt zwischen Fahrdynamik, aktiver Sicherheit und Komfort bieten Fahrzeugregelsysteme enorme Moeglichkeiten. Systeme fuer Bremsen, Stabilisierung, Daempfung, Aufbaukontrolle und Fahrerassistenz werden in der Zukunft zu einem Fahrwerksmanagement verschmelzen. Diese Fahrzeugintelligenz erfordert moderne Tools und Methoden im Bereich Konzeption, Simulation und Versuch. Die Tagung Fahrwerk-Tech 2001 wird das Fahrwerk in dieser Gesamtheit betrachten und Experten aus den verschiedenen Bereichen zusammen bringen. (orig.)

  5. The Theory and Countermeasures of Government Fiscal Support to High -tech Development%政府财政支持高新技术发展的理论与对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李文庆; 卢钊; 崔惠民

    2012-01-01

    this paper begins with the quasi - public analysis of the high - tech development, then elaborates the necessity and theoreti- cal basis of the government fiscal support to high - tech industries based on the normative and production function analysis. After that, this paper further researches on the total amount and the structure of investment and financing in high - tech fields in China as well as the problems of fiscal preferential policies. Finally, the targeted policies of fiscal support to high - tech industry are recommended.%本文以高新技术的准公共性分析为切入点,分别从规范分析与生产函数模型分析角度论证高新技术产业发展中政府财政支持的必要性与理论依据,并进一步分析在高新技术领域中我国财政投融资总量与结构以及财税优惠政策等方面存在的问题,在此基础上提出财政支持高新技术发展的政策建议。

  6. An Approach of the System and Mechanism for Telecoms High-Tech Innovation%电信运营企业科技创新体制机制建设探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包建军; 金耀星

    2012-01-01

    科技创新是实现中国创造的基础,是企业发展的原动力.本文根据电信运营企业的特点,提出科技创新的主要内容,探讨电信运营企业开展科技创新的体制机制建设问题,包括机构设置、科技创新内容来源、科技创新研发决策、科技创新组织流程、科技创新成果应用等内容.%As high-tech innovation being the foundation of innovation in China, and the initiative of the development of enterprises, according to the characteristics of telecoms, the paper describes the main targets of high-tech innovation, and further explores the system and mechanism issues in telecoms for high-tech innovation, such as divisions and structure organisations, the source of high-tech innovation, R&D dicision making, the innovation processes, and the applications of the results of innovation, etc.

  7. 初创期高科技企业股权融资策略研究%Study on the equity financing strategy of high-tech enterprises in early-stage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿凯平; 车汉澍; 李侃

    2012-01-01

    Capital supply is a prerequisite for development of high-tech enterprises.Equity financing is the main financing way of high-tech enterprises in early-stage.Based on the characteristics and financial needs of high-tech enterprises in early-stage,we analyze enterprises financing object,financing size,financing opportunities,financing,maintaining enterprise control power and finance risk control strategies are analyzed.Trade-off based on the maximum value of financing and financial risk,some recommendations for equity financing of Chinese high-tech enterprises in early-stage are proposed.%资金供给是高科技企业发展的先决条件,股权融资是高科技企业在初创期的主要融资途径。基于初创期高科技企业发展的特征和资金需求,分析企业融资对象、融资规模、融资时机、保持企业控制权以及融资风险控制等策略。基于融资价值最大化与融资风险的权衡,提出我国高科技企业初创期股权融资建议。

  8. Application Of BIM Technology In Travelsky Of High Tech Industry Park Project%BIM技术在中国航信高科技产业园区项目中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建芯

    2016-01-01

    文章介绍了BIM技术在中国航信高科技产业园区项目中各阶段的应用。从前期使用Revit搭建建筑信息模型,到中期各专业协同设计并应用naviswork进行管线综合,再到后期工程量计算及施工配合,笔者剖析了BIM在大型项目及复杂数据机房应用中的模型组织方法及BIM标准建立的重要性,借此总结了实践中的经验和体会。%This paper introduces the application of BIM technology in Travelsky of high tech Industry Park project.From the early use of Revit to build the building information model, to the medium of each professional Cooperative design and application of naviswork to carry out a comprehensive pipeline, and then to the late engineering quantity calculation and construction coordination ,The author analyzes the application of BIM in large projects and complex data room in the application of the model organization methods and the importance of the establishment of BIM standards, to sum up the experience and experience in practice.

  9. Planning and Designing Today's Career Tech Facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaman, James

    2010-01-01

    During the past 20 years, career and technical education (CTE) has gone through significant changes. CTE has evolved in response to the changes technology has had on the job market. Preparing students for high-tech, high-skill job opportunities is the new focus. The facilities that house these programs, however, have not kept pace with these…

  10. Tailored Materials for High Efficiency CIDI Engines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grant, G.J.; Jana, S.

    2012-03-30

    The overall goal of the project, Tailored Materials for High Efficiency Compression Ignition Direct Injection (CIDI) Engines, is to enable the implementation of new combustion strategies, such as homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI), that have the potential to significantly increase the energy efficiency of current diesel engines and decrease fuel consumption and environmental emissions. These strategies, however, are increasing the demands on conventional engine materials, either from increases in peak cylinder pressure (PCP) or from increases in the temperature of operation. The specific objective of this project is to investigate the application of a new material processing technology, friction stir processing (FSP), to improve the thermal and mechanical properties of engine components. The concept is to modify the surfaces of conventional, low-cost engine materials. The project focused primarily on FSP in aluminum materials that are compositional analogs to the typical piston and head alloys seen in small- to mid-sized CIDI engines. Investigations have been primarily of two types over the duration of this project: (1) FSP of a cast hypoeutectic Al-Si-Mg (A356/357) alloy with no introduction of any new components, and (2) FSP of Al-Cu-Ni alloys (Alloy 339) by physically stirring-in various quantities of carbon nanotubes/nanofibers or carbon fibers. Experimental work to date on aluminum systems has shown significant increases in fatigue lifetime and stress-level performance in aluminum-silicon alloys using friction processing alone, but work to demonstrate the addition of carbon nanotubes and fibers into aluminum substrates has shown mixed results due primarily to the difficulty in achieving porosity-free, homogeneous distributions of the particulate. A limited effort to understand the effects of FSP on steel materials was also undertaken during the course of this project. Processed regions were created in high-strength, low-alloyed steels up to 0.5 in

  11. Bioblendstocks that Enable High Efficiency Engine Designs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCormick, Robert L.; Fioroni, Gina M.; Ratcliff, Matthew A.; Zigler, Bradley T.; Farrell, John

    2016-11-03

    The past decade has seen a high level of innovation in production of biofuels from sugar, lipid, and lignocellulose feedstocks. As discussed in several talks at this workshop, ethanol blends in the E25 to E50 range could enable more highly efficient spark-ignited (SI) engines. This is because of their knock resistance properties that include not only high research octane number (RON), but also charge cooling from high heat of vaporization, and high flame speed. Emerging alcohol fuels such as isobutanol or mixed alcohols have desirable properties such as reduced gasoline blend vapor pressure, but also have lower RON than ethanol. These fuels may be able to achieve the same knock resistance benefits, but likely will require higher blend levels or higher RON hydrocarbon blendstocks. A group of very high RON (>150) oxygenates such as dimethyl furan, methyl anisole, and related compounds are also produced from biomass. While providing no increase in charge cooling, their very high octane numbers may provide adequate knock resistance for future highly efficient SI engines. Given this range of options for highly knock resistant fuels there appears to be a critical need for a fuel knock resistance metric that includes effects of octane number, heat of vaporization, and potentially flame speed. Emerging diesel fuels include highly branched long-chain alkanes from hydroprocessing of fats and oils, as well as sugar-derived terpenoids. These have relatively high cetane number (CN), which may have some benefits in designing more efficient CI engines. Fast pyrolysis of biomass can produce diesel boiling range streams that are high in aromatic, oxygen and acid contents. Hydroprocessing can be applied to remove oxygen and consequently reduce acidity, however there are strong economic incentives to leave up to 2 wt% oxygen in the product. This oxygen will primarily be present as low CN alkyl phenols and aryl ethers. While these have high heating value, their presence in diesel fuel

  12. Empirical Study on High-tech Industries Development and Economic Growth in Jilin Province%吉林省高新技术产业发展与经济增长关系的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖艳; 胡洋

    2011-01-01

    高新技术产业发展是衡量一个地区科技进步水平,评价地方经济增长方式转变以及区域经济竞争能力的重要依据.首先介绍了协整理论基本原理,基于1995~2008年吉林省的GDP和吉林省高新技术产业总产值数据,利用Engle-Granger两步法基本原理,检验两列数据之间的协整关系,在此基础上得出吉林省高新技术产业产值与吉林省GDP之间具有长期稳定的均衡关系的结论,并提出在培育高新技术产业发展过程中应发挥政府的宏观引导和调控作用,用高新技术改造提升传统产业,提高自主创新能力,运用风险投资推动高新技术产业的发展,加强科技交流和贸易往来以及大力培养和引进高科技人才.%High-tech industry development is an indicator to measure a regional scientific and technological progress, and an important basis for evaluating the changes in regional economic growth and economic competitiveness. Along with the economic competition intensifying, the role of high-tech industry is more and more important in the Chinese economy, as a result, it is becoming the pillar industries among socio-economic development.After development and accumulation in many years, Jilin Province's high-tech industry has grown into a competitive industry with a comparatively perfect system, obvious comparative advantage and strong leading role. It has become the important power to promote economic development of Jilin Province. The basic principles of cointegration theory were introduced. Then, based on the data of high-tech industrial output value and GDP of Jilin Province from 1995 to 2008, using Engle-Granger two-step principle, cointegration relationship between the two groups of data is tested. The conclusion is drawn that high-tech industrial output value and GDP of Jilin Province have a long-term stable equilibrium relationship. And the suggestions are proposed: 1 ) strengthening the capability of independent innovation

  13. Selection of Independent Innovation Model in Chinese High -tech Industry%我国高新技术产业自主创新模式的选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨忠泰

    2012-01-01

    根据产业生命周期理论和世界各高新技术产业发展态势,结合我国主要高新技术产业发展的实际,当前,我国信息技术产业已进入产业演化的成熟期,生物技术产业与新能源产业是分别处于产业演化的形成期和成长期.据此,我国信息技术产业应以应用创新和集成创新模式为主,并在局部孕育新突破的领域进行原始创新;在生物技术研发和生物农业、生物医药产业加强原始创新,而在生物工业领域采取引进消化吸收再创新模式;对新能源产业,则仍以引进消化吸收再创新模式为主,并推动市场开拓、技术创新和生产营销上下游一体化发展的集成创新.%According to industry life cycle theory and high-tech industry development trend of the world, with the actual major high - tech industry development in China, the Chinese information technology industry entered maturity of the industry evolution. The biotechnology industry and new energy industry was respectively in the period of the formation and growth in the evolution of the industry. Accordingly, the Chinese information technology industry should take the application of innovation and integrated innovation model as the main base, and cany out the original innovation in the local field of the breeding new breakthrough; it must strengthen the original innovation in R&D biotechnology and bio - agriculture, bio -pharmaceutical industry, and take the pattern of the introduction, digestion, absorption to innovation again in the bio - industry field. New energy industry was the same as above. It is the integrated innovation in the integrated development of upstream and downstream that pushes forward in marketing, technology innovation and production marketing.

  14. Finance and Taxation Policy Motivation, High-tech Industry Development and Industrial Structure Adjustment%财税政策激励、高新技术产业发展与产业结构调整

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张同斌; 高铁梅

    2012-01-01

    本文构建了高新技术产业的可计算一般均衡(CGE)模型,考察了财政激励政策和税收优惠政策对高新技术产业发展进而对产业结构调整的影响。结果显示,财政激励政策比税收优惠政策能够更加有效地促进高新技术产业的产出增长。财税政策的激励作用对于高新技术产业增加值率的提高和内部结构的优化都具有积极影响,并且税收优惠政策的效果更为显著。政府在财税政策制定时,应注重提高高新技术产业的自主研发和创新能力,并考虑政策的短期适应性和长期战略性,推动高新技术产业的科学发展和产业结构调整的合理化进程。%This article constructed a CGE model of Chinese high-tech industry and analyzed the impacts of the finance and taxation policy on high-tech industry development and the industrial structure adjustment based on this model. The results show that the finance policy can promote the increase of the added value of high-tech industry more effectively compared with the taxation policy, but the taxation policy may play a more important role in the internal structure adjustment of the high-tecb industry and elevate its low added value ratio. Under the finance policy, higb-tech industry promotes the output growth of its related industries. However, under the taxation policy, the high-tech industry can hardly promote the development of other industries except agriculture and consumer goods industry. When making finance and taxation policy, the government should lay stress on the independent development and innovation ability with consideration of short-term adaptability and long-term strategy to promote the scientific development of high-tech industry and rationalization of industrial structure adjustment.

  15. Sino-European Transcontinental Basic and Clinical High-Tech Acupuncture Studies—Part 2: Acute Stimulation Effects on Heart Rate and Its Variability in Patients with Insomnia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Litscher

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This second part of a series of Sino-European high-tech acupuncture studies describes the first clinical transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in patients with insomnia. Heart rate (HR and heart rate variability (HRV measurements in 28 patients (mean age ± SD: 41.9 ± 14.6 years were performed under standardized conditions in Harbin, China, and the data analysis was performed in Graz, Austria. Similar to the first part of the series, the electrocardiograms (ECGs were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the Shenmen point (HT7 on the left hand. HR decreased significantly (P<0.001 during and after acupuncture stimulation of the HT7 acupuncture point. Total HRV increased significantly (P<0.05 immediately after acupuncture stimulation, but there was no long-lasting effect. The values of the low-frequency (LF and high-frequency (HF band increased significantly after the stimulation compared to baseline values; however, the LF/HF ratio showed no significant changes. Together with the results of previous studies, the present results can serve as a solid basis for further development of acupressure or acupuncture stimulation equipment for complementary use in treating insomnia.

  16. 宁波高新技术产业发展的金融对策%Financial Countermeasures for Ningbo New and High-tech Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊庆云

    2014-01-01

    近年来宁波高新技术发展迅猛,但金融支持力度不够,影响了其正常发展。面对高新技术发展中的新情况、新挑战,政府要加强领导,制定政策,引导金融业自觉、自愿加大对高新技术产业的支持力度,不断创新,提供优质服务,开发有利于科技创新的金融产品,拓宽直接融资渠道,为高新技术发展做好服务工作。%Ningbo’s financial support to the new and high technology industry is not enough in view of the dynamism exhibited from the new and high technology of Ningbo. The development is thus impaired. Confronted with the new situation and challenges, the government should reinforce its leadership and formulate corresponding policies to encourage financial industries pouring more support into it and broaden industries’ channels of money collection and offer financial products which are favorable to sci-tech innovation.

  17. Sino-European Transcontinental Basic and Clinical High-Tech Acupuncture Studies—Part 1: Auricular Acupuncture Increases Heart Rate Variability in Anesthetized Rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin-Yan Gao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Evidence-based research concerning the effects of high-tech acupuncture on autonomic function was performed by two research teams from China and Austria. This study describes the first transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in animals. Heart rate (HR and heart rate variability (HRV recordings in 10 male Sprague-Dawley anesthetized rats were performed under stable conditions in Beijing, China, and the data analysis was completed in Graz, Austria. The electrocardiograms (ECGs were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the ear and body (PC6 Neiguan, CV12 Zhongwan, ST36 Zusanli. The data were analyzed using specially adapted novel Austrian software. HR did not change significantly during any acupuncture stimulation in anesthetized rats (ear acupuncture, PC6, CV12, or ST36. Total HRV only changed significantly (P=0.025 during auricular acupuncture (acupoint heart. The low-frequency/high-frequency ratio parameter decreased significantly (P=0.03 during stimulation of ST36. This change was based on intensification of the related mechanism of blood pressure regulation that has been demonstrated in previous studies in humans. Modernization of acupuncture research performed as a collaboration between China and Austria has also been demonstrated.

  18. Sino-European transcontinental basic and clinical high-tech acupuncture studies-part 1: auricular acupuncture increases heart rate variability in anesthetized rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Xin-Yan; Liu, Kun; Zhu, Bing; Litscher, Gerhard

    2012-01-01

    Evidence-based research concerning the effects of high-tech acupuncture on autonomic function was performed by two research teams from China and Austria. This study describes the first transcontinental teleacupuncture measurements in animals. Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) recordings in 10 male Sprague-Dawley anesthetized rats were performed under stable conditions in Beijing, China, and the data analysis was completed in Graz, Austria. The electrocardiograms (ECGs) were recorded by an HRV Medilog AR12 system during acupuncture of the ear and body (PC6 Neiguan, CV12 Zhongwan, ST36 Zusanli). The data were analyzed using specially adapted novel Austrian software. HR did not change significantly during any acupuncture stimulation in anesthetized rats (ear acupuncture, PC6, CV12, or ST36). Total HRV only changed significantly (P = 0.025) during auricular acupuncture (acupoint heart). The low-frequency/high-frequency ratio parameter decreased significantly (P = 0.03) during stimulation of ST36. This change was based on intensification of the related mechanism of blood pressure regulation that has been demonstrated in previous studies in humans. Modernization of acupuncture research performed as a collaboration between China and Austria has also been demonstrated.

  19. Estimation of Influencing Factors and Policy Advice to Guangdong High - tech Industry Development%广东省高新技术产业发展的影响因素测度及政策建议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾铁城

    2011-01-01

    This paper analyses the development status of high - lech industry in Guangdong, and makes use of single - e-quation econometric model to analyze the quantitative influence of high - tech industry development which is imposed by capital, manpower and technology. At last, this paper gives policy advice to promote the development of high - tech industry in Cuangdong.%在分析广东省高新技术产业发展现状的基础上,利用单方程计量经济模型,就资金、人才和技术这三要素对广东高新技术产业发展的影响进行定量分析,并提出促进广东省高新技术产业发展的对策建议.

  20. The TechSAT program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shachar, M.; Lapid, P.

    1992-12-01

    The TechSAT project is described which is intended to establish a wide academic infrastructure for the development of new space technologies. A TechSAT satellite will be used for educational purposes by the academic staff and students as well as by radio amateurs. Tech SAT is a microsatellite weighing 50 kg with 45x45x45 cm dimensions. It is based on a Nadir pointing 3D stabilized platform with body mounted solar panels. The TechSAT hardware includes an autonomous attitude control system, a power supply system, and an onboard computer. Command control and telemetry systems will be based on the amateur radio communications payload.

  1. 基于模块化的高科技产品研发进度优化研究%Study on Scheduling Optimization of High-tech Products R & D Based on Modularity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新国; 向绍信

    2014-01-01

    应用模块化理论,将高度复杂的高科技产品研发项目进行模块化聚类处理,并在此基础上进行项目式集成,将模块转化为项目活动,然后采用基于事件的研究方法构建一个多模式高科技产品研发进度优化模型,通过求解该模型,可得到高科技产品研发满意进度安排,实现收益的最大化。最后通过一个算例进行验证和说明。%The R&D system of high-tech products is highly complex and modularization is an effective way to reduce the system complexity. Based on the modular theory,this paper makes a clustering processing to the highly sophisticated R&D project system of high-tech products. On the basis of that,the modules are looked as“activities”and to be integrated to-gether in accordance with the project management model. Then,this paper constructs a multi model of R&D scheduling op-timization of high-tech products. By solving the model,R&D enterprises can obtain satisfactory R&D schedule of high-tech products and maximize the benefits. Finally,this paper also provides a numerical example to validate the model.

  2. Beyond and between academia and business: How Austrian biotechnology researchers describe high-tech startup companies as spaces of knowledge production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fochler, Maximilian

    2016-04-01

    Research and innovation policy has invested considerable effort in creating new institutional spaces at the interface of academia and business. High-tech startups founded by academic entrepreneurs have been central to these policy imaginaries. These companies offer researchers new possibilities beyond and between academia and larger industry. However, the field of science and technology studies has thus far shown only limited interest in understanding these companies as spaces of knowledge production. This article analyses how researchers working in small and medium-sized biotechnology companies in Vienna, Austria, describe the cultural characteristics of knowledge production in this particular institutional space. It traces how they relate these characteristics to other institutional spaces they have experienced in their research biographies, such as in academia or larger corporations. It shows that the reasons why researchers decide to work in biotechnology companies and how they organize their work are deeply influenced by their perception of deficiencies in the conditions for epistemic work in contemporary academia and, to a lesser degree, in industry.

  3. On Xi'an high-tech electronic information industrial cluster%西安高新区电子信息产业集群研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冀

    2012-01-01

    To investigate Xi'an high-tech electronic information industry,connecting with the industrial cluster theory and visiting key enterprises are necessary.It is found that those enterprises are common for the small scale,without organization in company and experiences sharing among department.It focuses on the industrial cluster theory and the current situation of the development,and gives further perfect effective measures about current problems.It suggested that the resources about government,enterprises,and the relevant departments should be effective use to formulate preferential policy,use the market rules and make industrial cluster advantage into full play,promoting regional economic development.%通过调查和研究发现西安高新区电子信息企业普遍存在规模偏小、各自为政等的现象。结合产业集群理论,提出应该有效利用政府、企业以及各相关机构资源,利用市场规律,使得西安高新区电子信息产业集群的优势得到充分发挥,促进区域经济发展。

  4. Modern information and telecommunication technologies in educational process as the element of ongoing personnel training for high-tech Russian industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matyatina, A. N.; Isaev, A. A.; Samovarschikov, Y. V.

    2017-01-01

    In the current work the issues of staffing high-tech sectors of Russian industry are considered in the context of global geopolitical instability, the comparative analysis of the age structure of domestic companies with the leading Western industrial organizations was conducted, "growth points" of human resources development were defined. For the purpose of informational and telecommunicational implementation in the educational process the analysis of normative-legal documents regulating the requirements to the electronic educational environment and distance learning technologies is presented. The basic models of distance learning technologies and remote resources as part of teaching materials are used. Taking into account the specifics and requirements of industrial enterprises a number of tools and methodology of e-learning based on the identified needs of the industrial sector were offered. The basis of the proposed model is built on one-parameter model through a three-tier learning: kindergarten - secondary - higher education (professional) where the lifecycle of parameter is a list of the industrial enterprises demands to the educational process.

  5. THE CORRELATION BETWEEN BUSINESS STRATEGY, INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY, ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE, IMPLEMENTATION OF CRM, AND BUSINESS PERFORMANCE IN A HIGH-TECH INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y.C. Chung

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISH ABSTRACT: This paper studies the high-tech industry, probing the correlation between type of business strategy, use of information technology, type of organisational culture, implementation level of customer relationship management (CRM activities, and business performance. Results show that the better the implementation of CRM activities, the stronger and more positive is its influence on business performance. To enhance business performance, it is necessary to strengthen the differentiation strategy, the use of information technology, and the implementation of CRM activities; to integrate the characteristics of the four cultural types into the competing values framework; and to enhance the implementation under these four cultural types.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: In hierdie artikel word die korrelasie tussen die tipe ondernemingstrategie, die gebruik van inligtingtegnologie, die tipe organisasiekultuur, die implementeringsvlak van kliëntverhoudingsbestuur (CRM en ondernemingsprestasie in hoë-tegnologie-ondernemings ondersoek. Die resultate toon dat beter kliëntverhoudingsbestuur ’n poisitiewe invloed het op ondernemingsprestasie. Om ondernemingsprestasie te verbeter, is dit nodig om die differensiasie strategie, die gebruik van inligtingstegnologie asook die implementering van CRM-aktiwiteite te versterk.

  6. Strain engineered pyrochlore at high pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rittman, Dylan R.; Turner, Katlyn M.; Park, Sulgiye; Fuentes, Antonio F.; Park, Changyong; Ewing, Rodney C.; Mao, Wendy L.

    2017-05-22

    Strain engineering is a promising method for next-generation materials processing techniques. Here, we use mechanical milling and annealing followed by compression in diamond anvil cell to tailor the intrinsic and extrinsic strain in pyrochlore, Dy2Ti2O7 and Dy2Zr2O7. Raman spectroscopy, X-ray pair distribution function analysis, and X-ray diffraction were used to characterize atomic order over short-, medium-, and long-range spatial scales, respectively, under ambient conditions. Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction were further employed to interrogate the material in situ at high pressure. High-pressure behavior is found to depend on the species and concentration of defects in the sample at ambient conditions. Overall, we show that defects can be engineered to lower the phase transformation onset pressure by ~50% in the ordered pyrochlore Dy2Zr2O7, and lower the phase transformation completion pressure by ~20% in the disordered pyrochlore Dy2Zr2O7. These improvements are achieved without significantly sacrificing mechanical integrity, as characterized by bulk modulus.

  7. Engineering the future with America's high school students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farrance, M. A.; Jenner, J. W.

    1993-01-01

    The number of students enrolled in engineering is declining while the need for engineers is increasing. One contributing factor is that most high school students have little or no knowledge about what engineering is, or what engineers do. To teach young students about engineering, engineers need good tools. This paper presents a course of study developed and used by the authors in a junior college course for high school students. Students learned about engineering through independent student projects, in-class problem solving, and use of career information resources. Selected activities from the course can be adapted to teach students about engineering in other settings. Among the most successful techniques were the student research paper assignments, working out a solution to an engineering problem as a class exercise, and the use of technical materials to illustrate engineering concepts and demonstrate 'tools of the trade'.

  8. Ten Years Evidence-Based High-Tech Acupuncture—A Short Review of Peripherally Measured Effects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Litscher

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Since 1997, the Research Unit of Biomedical Engineering in Anesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine of Graz Medical University has been dealing with the demystification of acupuncture and examining, using non-invasive methods, how different stimulation modalities (manual needle acupuncture, laserneedle acupuncture and electro acupuncture affect peripheral and central functions. Laser is also an important instrument for acupuncture. One only needs to mention the treatment of children or of patients with needle phobia. The laserneedle acupuncture, which was examined scientifically for the first time in Graz, represents a new painless acupuncture method for which up to ten laserneedles are glued to the skin, but not stuck into it. This first part of the short review article summarizes some of the peripherally measured effects of acupuncture obtained at the Medical University of Graz within the last 10 years.

  9. Basic Principle that should be followed for Innovative High-tech Products and Equipment Technology%创新型高科技产品及其制备应遵循的基本原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方震

    2012-01-01

    Starting from the basic principle that should be followed for innovative high-tech products and preparation technology,this paper narrates the manufacturing technology,preparation technology,market value and environmental influence;and discusses the importance of innovative high-tech products from eight aspects.%从创新型高科技产品及制备技术应遵循的基本原则讲起,阐述了制造工艺、制备技术、市场价值、环境影响等方面内容,从8个方面论证了创新型高科技产品的重要性。

  10. 中国高技术业产业知识基础评价研究%On Evaluation of the Knowledge Base of China’ s High-tech Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王尉东

    2016-01-01

    This paper uses the entropy method to cluster analyze and establish the evaluation index system of high-tech industry knowledge base from China’ s high-tech industry innovation law, and classify the industry knowl-edge base affecting China’ s industrial innovation and development of the high technology industry. It also analy-zes the role and impact of each group of variables, further exploring the mechanism of each variable of industrial knowledge base toward the innovation and development of the high-tech industry.%本文从中国高技术产业创新活动自身规律出发,运用熵值法作聚类分析建立高技术业产业知识基础评价指标体系,对影响中国高技术业产业创新和发展的产业知识基础分类,分析各组变量影响和作用,探索产业知识基础各变量对高技术业创新与发展的作用机制。

  11. EXPLORATION ENGINEERING

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>20112760 Dai Guozhong (College of Civil Engineering,Changzhou Institute of Tech- nology,Changzhou 213002,China);Zhang Yaxing Study on Solid-Free Drilling Fluid of PVM Polymer and Its Application (Geology

  12. Study on the Relationship between Patents and China-EU High-tech Products Trade%基于VAR的专利与中-欧高技术产品进口关系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莹; 耿心怡; 陈昊晴

    2013-01-01

    There is a close link between the patent strategy and international trade. Patents can not only promote export development, but also subject to the reaction of imports, especially for the high-tech products with technology-intensive and knowledge-intensive features. The EU is China’s important partner in economic and trade cooperation, as well as in the field of high-tech products trade. The paper analyzes China-EU high-tech products imports and patent status firstly. Then, we build the VAR model to explore the relationship between the import and patent. Finally, based on the study and consideration of long-term development of the China-EU high-tech products trade, the paper makes a number of policy recommendations.%专利与贸易之间有着密切联系,专利不仅能够促进出口发展,同样受到进口的反作用。对于知识技术密集度高的高技术产品贸易,专利的作用尤为突出。欧盟是中国高技术产品进口的重要来源地。文章首先对中-欧高技术产品进口及相关专利现状进行分析;之后,建立VAR模型对进口与专利的关系进行探讨;最后,针对研究中发现的问题和对中-欧高技术产品贸易的长远发展的考虑,提出政策建议。

  13. 高新技术企业人力资本投资对财务绩效的影响分析%Analysis of the Impact of High-Tech Enterprise Human Capital Investment on Financial Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘叶云; 朱洪慧

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the impact of human capital investment of high-tech enterprise on the finan-cial performance.40 “National Torch Plan” enterprises in eight high-tech fields were selected as samples.Gray correlation analysis method was used to discuss the effects of human capital investment on the financial performance of different high-tech enterprises.The results show that there is a strong positive correlation between the amount of high-tech enterprise human capital investment and its financial performance.Furtheremore, it is revealed that hu-man capital investment has greatest influence on financial performance in new materials technology enterprises.%围绕高新技术企业人力资本投资对财务绩效的影响这一中心,选取八大高新技术领域的40家“国家火炬计划”企业为样本。采用灰色关联分析方法探讨了人力资本投资对不同高新技术企业财务绩效的影响,研究发现高新技术企业人力资本投入额与其财务绩效之间具有较强正相关关系,人力资本投资对新材料技术类企业财务绩效的影响最大。

  14. Langiang-China's Silicon Valley——High-tech Industryr%中国硅谷高科技集贤聚财强廊坊——高新技术产业

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Huge market demand has pro-vided a vast field for Langfang's industrial diversification. In ac-cordance with the "high-tech, export-oriented, modern manufacturing and new service industries" industrial position, electronic information, car and motorcycle parts, metal products, wood processing and furniture manufacturing, food processing, tourism exhibition have become Langfang's six leading industries.Langiang——China's Silicon ValleyChina

  15. 高科技企业团队信任对团队知识整合影响的实证研究%Empirical Research on Impact of Team Trust on Team Knowledge Integration in High- tech Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈文春

    2012-01-01

    Team becomes the key "work cell" of high - tech enterprise. Team knowledge integration is the important link of organization knowledge management and innovation. How to manage team knowledge integration has become an impor-tant topic in high - tech team management. This paper theoretically reviews relative literatures, investigates 93 team members in high - tech enterprise through questionaires. The result shows that in teams, cognitive - based trust has more variance of systematic knowledge integration than affect - based trust1, affect - based trust explains the more variance of coordination knowledge integration than cognitive - based trust. The results of this paper wili have theoretical and practi-cal implications for team management in high - tech enterprises.%团队是高科技企业构建其竞争优势的关键子系统,团队知识整合是组织知识管理与创新的重要环节,如何促进团队层面的知识整合是高科技企业亟待解决的问题.在回顾相关研究文献的基础上,通过调查问卷对我国高科技企业中93个工作团队进行施测.研究结果显示:在高科技企业团队中,认知信任对系统式整合的影响更显著,情感信任对协调式整合的影响更为显著.该研究结论对高科技企业团队管理具有一定的理论和实践指导意义.

  16. Empirical Study of the Relationship Between High-Tech Industry and Local Economic Growth%陕西高新技术产业与地方经济增长关系的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋元梁; 胡光旗

    2015-01-01

    As a new regional economic grow th pole ,high- tech industry has played a vital role in enhancing independent innovation capability and extending the industrial chain .Based on the vector auto regression theory ,integrating cointegration analysis ,Granger causality test and variance decomposition together ,and making full use of 20 years’ relevant data of Shaanxi ,the relationship between high-tech industries and economic grow th was analyzed .It is conduded that the development of high-tech industry has contributed much to economic grow th and they has formulated a long-term equilibrium relationship ;however ,different high-tech industries make different contribution to economic growth .%高新技术产业作为区域经济新的增长极,在提升自主创新能力和延伸产业链等方面的作用尤为关键。文中以向量自回归理论为基础,以协整分析、格兰杰因果检验和方差分解为核心的方法体系,以陕西20年相关数据为依据,对陕西高新技术产业与经济增长的关系进行实证分析。研究结论表明:高新技术产业发展对经济增长的贡献突出且呈长期均衡关系,不同高新技术产业对经济增长的贡献度差异明显。

  17. Value Analysis on Relationship Financing of High-tech SMEs Based on Options Theory%基于期权的中小高新技术企业关系型融资的价值分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨楠

    2012-01-01

    From the perspective of high-tech SMEs, the relationship between enterprises and financial institutions was regarded as the intangible assets ; this paper used an option pricing methods to establish the value model of relationship financing and analyse the value of relationship financing about high-tech SMEs. By the value model of relationship financing, the results showed that maintaining the relationship with the bank could bring a greater return on investment and a greater amount of loans for the high-tech SMEs, which could help the high-tech SMEs to solve the financing difficulties.%从中小高新技术企业的角度出发,把企业与金融机构之间的关系视为企业的无形资产,利用期权/定价方法建立了关系型融资的价值模型,对中小高新技术企业的关系型融资的价值大小进行了分析。通过关系型融资的价值模型,发现中小高新技术企业保持与银行的关系,其潜在价值在于能够为企业带来更大的投资回报和更多的贷款额,从而利于解决中小高新技术企业的融资困境问题。

  18. High-tech applications of self-assembling supramolecular nanostructured gel-phase materials: from regenerative medicine to electronic devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirst, Andrew R; Escuder, Beatriu; Miravet, Juan F; Smith, David K

    2008-01-01

    It is likely that nanofabrication will underpin many technologies in the 21st century. Synthetic chemistry is a powerful approach to generate molecular structures that are capable of assembling into functional nanoscale architectures. There has been intense interest in self-assembling low-molecular-weight gelators, which has led to a general understanding of gelation based on the self-assembly of molecular-scale building blocks in terms of non-covalent interactions and packing parameters. The gelator molecules generate hierarchical, supramolecular structures that are macroscopically expressed in gel formation. Molecular modification can therefore control nanoscale assembly, a process that ultimately endows specific material function. The combination of supramolecular chemistry, materials science, and biomedicine allows application-based materials to be developed. Regenerative medicine and tissue engineering using molecular gels as nanostructured scaffolds for the regrowth of nerve cells has been demonstrated in vivo, and the prospect of using self-assembled fibers as one-dimensional conductors in gel materials has captured much interest in the field of nanoelectronics.

  19. 高新技术企业自主创新环境要素构成及测度研究%Research on the Innovation Environment Factors Composing and Measuring of High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建新; 冯志军

    2009-01-01

    Firstly, this paper makes a theoretical analysis on the roles of legal policy environment, market environment, resources environment, social services environment, science and technology environment and socio-cultural environment in the process of independent innovation for high-tech enterprises. Then, puts forward assumption based on the theoretical analysis,and uses the SEM to give an empirical research on the survey data of high-tech enterprises in Harbin, verifies the environments are important factors for independent innovation of high-tech enterprises. And also tests and analyzes the results of empirical research.%在对政策法律环境、市场环境、资源环境、社会服务环境、科学技术环境和社会文化环境在高新技术企业自主创新过程中的作用进行理论分析的基础上,提出各要素对创新活动作用关系的相关假设,运用结构方程模型方法对哈尔滨市高新技术企业的调研数据进行了实证研究,验证了环境是高新技术企业自主创新的重要影响因素,并对研究结果进行了检验和分析.

  20. 科技型中小企业供应链融资能力评价%Financing Capability Evaluation of High-tech SMEs Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜莉; 刘迅

    2011-01-01

    The supply chain factor was introduced into index system. The index system was constructed to evaluate financing capacity of high - tech SMEs. Multilevel fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method was applied to evaluate financing capacity of high -tech SMEs in a more realistic way. The empirical result shows that:if the supply chain factor of high -tech SMEs was taken into account,the financing capacity would relatively improve.%将供应链因素引入到评价科技型中小企业融资能力的指标体系中,利用多层次模糊综合评判方法对科技型中小企业的融资能力进行了更为现实的评价,实证研究结果表明,在考虑到科技型中小企业所处供应链因素的情况下,其融资能力可以得到相对提升.

  1. Analysis of problems and countermeasure about our high-tech product export%我国高新技术产品出口问题与对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武洪玲

    2011-01-01

    High-tech Industries is a strategic forerunner industry.It is very important for adjustment of industrial structure and change in the main source of economic growth.Export of high-tech product stand for scientific and technological strength and the ability of industrialization.So,we must know the status quo of export of high-tech product and analysis the problems,then give the countermeasure.%高新技术产业是国民经济的战略性先导产业,对产业结构调整和经济增长方式转变发挥着重要作用。高新技术产品的出口,则代表了一个国家的科技实力和高新技术产业化的能力。了解我国高新技术产品出口的现状,分析其问题所在,制定出相应的对策,是提升我国高新技术产业的发展应有之义。

  2. A Study on the Impact of Technology Innovation on High -tech Products Export of Shaanxi Province%技术创新对陕西省高新技术产品出口贸易的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛平智; 储有捷

    2014-01-01

    随着技术密集型产业逐步成为主导产业,高新技术产品在陕西省出口贸易中的地位不断上升。目前,技术创新已成为提升高新技术产业的核心竞争力的重要途径,而技术创新是一个投入产出过程,本文从投入和产出两个角度选取技术创新指标,通过偏最小二乘回归方法,研究技术创新投入和产出各个指标对陕西省高新技术产品出口的影响。%As the technology intensive industries gradually become the dominant industries ,the status of high-tech products in export trade of Shaanxi Province is also rising .Nowadays ,technology innovation has become an important way to enhance the core competitiveness of high -tech industries ,and technology innovation is a process of input and output ,This paper selects the technology innovation indicators from both technology innovation input and output by using the Partial Least Squares Regression method to study the impact of each technology innovation indicators on high -tech products export of Shaanxi Province .

  3. 高新区产业结构变迁与道路交通需求%Industrial Structural Change and Road Traffic Demand in High-Tech Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑勇

    2014-01-01

    High-tech zone is a product of new urban development model, the changes of the industrial structure should be considered when traffic planning of high-tech zones are made. The paper analyzes the characteristics of industrial structure and the traffic demand in high-tech zones. Trough the ratio of output value of the third industrial with Gross National Product of the park, the paper discusses the impact of in-dustrial structure changes on the traffic demand in stages in park, and proposes some recommendations on the adjustment of corresponding road network and traffic facilities.%高新区是一种新型城市发展模式的产物,进行交通规划时要充分考虑高新区产业结构的变化。结合苏州工业园区的现状分析了高新区产业结构和交通需求的特点,通过园区不同时期第三产业产值与园区国民生产总值之比,分阶段讨论了产业结构变迁对园区交通需求产生的影响,并对相应路网及交通设施的调整提出了具体建议。

  4. 科技型中小企业危机管理与反危机策略研究%Research on Crisis Management and Anti-crisis Strategy of High-tech SMEs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于丽英; 孙雨辰

    2013-01-01

    The paper takes the research on crisis management of high - tech SMEs. The paper establishes the crisis management analysis framework of high - tech SMEs, which includes strategic level, operational level and public relation level. Then the paper puts forward the details of crisis management. Finally, it designs an anti - crisis strategy system of high - tech SMEs, which includes the crisis prevention subsystem, the crisis identification subsystem and the crisis treatment subsystem, the crisis recover and learning subsystem.%以科技型中小企业的危机管理为研究对象,构建由企业战略层、企业运营层和企业危机公关层三个维度所组成的企业危机管理的分析框架,并从这三个层面分析了危机管理的具体内容,最后设计了由危机预防予系统、危机识别子系统、危机处理子系统、危机处理效果跟踪与学习子系统构成的反危机策略系统.

  5. Impact of gender and personality traits (BFI-10) on tech savviness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pavlicek, Antonin; Sudzina, Frantisek; Malinova, Ludmila

    2017-01-01

    Nowadays, it is necessary to use technology in various everyday activities. A certain level of what used to be called high-tech savviness is needed to access almost all modern services. The aim of this paper is to analyze if gender and personality traits (Big Five Inventory-10) influence self......-perceived tech savviness. A not so surprising finding is that gender influences self-perceived tech savviness, i.e. men consider themselves more tech savvy. Moreover, neuroticism has a negative and openness to experience has a positive impact on self-perceived tech savviness....

  6. Virginia Tech remains among best values in public higher education

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Virginia Tech is again ranked among the top public colleges and universities in the nation that offer a high quality educational experience at an affordable price, according to "Kiplinger's Personal Finance" magazine.

  7. Combinatorial and high-throughput screening approaches for strain engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wenshan; Jiang, Rongrong

    2015-03-01

    Microbes have long been used in the industry to produce valuable biochemicals. Combinatorial engineering approaches, new strain engineering tools derived from inverse metabolic engineering, have started to attract attention in recent years, including genome shuffling, error-prone DNA polymerase, global transcription machinery engineering (gTME), random knockout/overexpression libraries, ribosome engineering, multiplex automated genome engineering (MAGE), customized optimization of metabolic pathways by combinatorial transcriptional engineering (COMPACTER), and library construction of "tunable intergenic regions" (TIGR). Since combinatorial approaches and high-throughput screening methods are fundamentally interconnected, color/fluorescence-based, growth-based, and biosensor-based high-throughput screening methods have been reviewed. We believe that with the help of metabolic engineering tools and new combinatorial approaches, plus effective high-throughput screening methods, researchers will be able to achieve better results on improving microorganism performance under stress or enhancing biochemical yield.

  8. Research on Risk Evaluation of Technology Innovation of High-tech Brand Ecosystem%高科技品牌生态系统的技术创新风险评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘学理; 王兴元

    2011-01-01

    高科技品牌生态系统是以高科技品牌为龙头形成的一种特殊品牌生态系统.与一般的品牌生态系统相比,技术创新对高科技品牌生态系统的发展起着更大的作用.高科技创新的复杂性和系统成员目标的差异性,使得高科技品牌生态系统在技术创新过程中面临着巨大的风险,只有对其风险程度作出合理的评价,才能采取适当的措施来化解风险.在对高科技品牌生态系统技术创新风险因素进行分析的基础上,按照全面、简单、易操作原则,提炼出评价高科技品牌生态系统技术创新风险的指标,并根据模糊综合评价法可以较好处理模糊性因素的特点,建立了高科技品牌生态系统的技术创新风险评估模型,并结合实例进行了验证.%High-tech brand ecosystem is a special brand ecosystem whose leader is a high-tech brand enterprise, in which high technology takes great effect. As the difference of members' objectives and the complexity of technology innovation activities, technical innovation of high-tech brand ecosystem is facing a big risk. If we can make reasonable assessment on the degree of risks, we can think of corresponding measures to handle them. The paper analyzes the risk factors during the technology innovation in high-tech brand ecosystem systematically. Besides the paper concludes the risk index system through which we can evaluate the risk of technology innovation in high-tech brand ecosystem with the principle of comprehensive, simple, easy to implement. Then a risk quantitative evaluation model is constructed using the method of fuzzy evaluation which can better deal with fuzzy factors. Finally, this model is used to analyze an example.

  9. Engineering properties of high strength lightweight concrete

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-08-01

    The strength to weight ratio of high strength lightweight concrete is not its only advantage. The artificial lightweight aggregate combines physically and, to a lesser extent, chemically with the surrounding cement matrix to produce an impermeable and durable concrete. The engineering properties of the concrete are sensitive to the proportions and nature of its constituents, and to its production methods. Supplementary cementing materials and chemical admixtures are used to develop the increased strength and durability. Thermal movements, shrinkage and creep are within workable limits. Fatigue resistance is probably at least as good as that achieved by equivalent strength normal density concretes but there is limited data on this topic. Deleterious effects of admixtures supplied in high dosages have not been identified but neither have they been investigated. The relationship between the tensile strength of the material and its uniaxial compressive strength is not robust. The shear capacity of structural elements is not adequately covered by most existing design codes. In common with all concretes, the stability of high strength lightweight concrete is reduced when water retained within it freezes or vaporises. A satisfactory freeze thaw behaviour can be readily achieved but, under fire conditions, the impermeability of the cement matrix limits the venting of water vapour at the concrete surface. Explosive failures can result. (Author)

  10. Engineering

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Includes papers in the following fields: Aerospace Engineering, Agricultural Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Materials Engineering, Mechanical...

  11. Capability Switching along the Technology Life Cycle in Local Manufacturing within the High-Tech Electronics Industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H. Brumme (Hendrik)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractResponsible for running a $2.5 billion HP computer factory in a high-cost country like Germany, the author perceived constant pressure defining new manufacturing strategies to keep a competitive advantage for the factory over all internal and external manufacturing alternatives around th

  12. The influence of surface DBD plasma treatment on the adhesion of coatings to high-tech textiles

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Šimor, M.; Creyghton, Y.; Wypkema, A.W.; Zemek, J.

    2010-01-01

    The surface of high-performance poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) fibers is difficult to wet and impossible to chemically bond to different matrices. Sizing applied on the fiber surface usually improves fiber wetting, but prevents good adhesion between a matrix and the fiber surface. The present st

  13. The future of rare earth elements—will these high-tech industry elements continue in short supply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Long, Keith R.

    2011-01-01

    * REE will continue to find increasing use due to their unique properties. * There is a realistic possibility around 2015-2016 of sufficient REE capacity to meet demand under conditions of healthy price competition. * REE supplies will be tight and prices high for a few years. * There is significant downside risk that newly developed mines will not perform as planned.

  14. Yue Joseph Wang named Grant A. Dove Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Yue Joseph Wang, professor of electrical and computer engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, has been named the Grant A. Dove Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  15. Maury Nussbaum reappointed as Hal G. Prillaman Professor Fellow in Industrial and Systems Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Maury Nussbaum, professor of industrial and systems engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, has been reappointed as the Hal G. Prillaman Professor Fellow in Industrial and Systems Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  16. Brian M. Kleiner receives Ralph H. Bogle Professor Fellowship in Industrial and Systems Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2010-01-01

    Brian M. Kleiner, professor of industrial and systems engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, has been named the Ralph H. Bogle Professor Fellow in Industrial and Systems Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  17. 新型高新技术纤维及其制品%New type high-tech & new fibers and their products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗益锋

    2012-01-01

    介绍了12种新型高新技术纤维及其制品,包括聚酰胺56、聚乙烯-聚丙烯芯鞘型复合纤维、Tencel C、乙烯-乙烯醇共聚超细纤维非织造布、空气净化服、热调节纤维、抗熔体纺织品、聚丙烯熔喷纳米纤维非织造布、碱性硫酸镁纤维、塑料/石英光纤、磁性PAN基碳纤维、PAN/碳纳米管复合纤维及其碳纤维。这些新型纤维及其制品的研发思路值得我国科技工作者借鉴。%12 new type high-tech & new fibers and their products including nylon 56 fiber, PE-PP core-sheath composite fiber, Tencel C, PVOH microfiber nonwoven fabric, air purifying dress, heat adjustable fiber, molten repelling fiber, PP nano-fiber melt blown nonwoven web, magnesium sulphate fiber, hard plastic/quartz glass light transmitting fiber, magnetic PAN-based carbon fiber, PAN/CNT composite fiber and its carbon fiber. The thread of R&D thought of these new type fibers and their products are worth to reference for China's relative Scientists and technicians.

  18. Life Sciences at the University of Yachay Tech in Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Graciela Salum

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Yachay Tech University, home for more than 900 students and growing, has entered a new era and made a step forward in its development and fulfillment of the hopes placed on it. Indeed, its Schools have launched their careers offering the students a wide range of choices among programs of high academic level. The School of Biological Sciences and Engineering has started its two careers. The first one, coined "Biology," is designed for students aiming to gain knowledge either in "Organisms, Ecology and Evolution" or "Molecular and Cellular Biology." The second path, referred to as "Biomedical Engineering", is the first program of its type in Ecuador and is intended for students wishing to apply the principles and problem-solving techniques of Engineering to Biology and Medicine. These students will be able to acquire knowledge at the interface between Biology and Medicine, on one side, and Natural Sciences, such as Physics and Chemistry, and Engineering sciences, such as Flow Dynamics, Informatics and Electronics, on the other side.

  19. Measuring Organizational Innovation and Technological Innovation Based on High-Tech Enterprises' Adaption Status%高技术企业组织创新与技术创新匹配状态的测度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李靖; 石春生; 刘微微

    2011-01-01

    创新是高技术企业生存发展的核心,组织创新与技术创新是高技术企业创新的重要组成部分,组织创新是技术创新的基础和支撑,技术创新是组织创新的动力和源泉.但在高技术企业中组织创新与技术创新往往不相适应、不相匹配的现象,阻碍企业创新效率和持续发展.本文以我国的高技术企业为研究对象,通过问卷调研,结合相关性权重法分别测度了组织创新状态与技术创新状态,基于效用理论构建了组织创新与技术创新匹配状态的测度模型,对匹配参数和最佳匹配状态进行了求解,并进行了案例分析.%Organizational innovation and technological innovation are core elements of survival and development for high-tech enterprises. Organizational innovation and technological innovation relies on each other because the former is the foundation of the latter, and the latter is the driving force of the former. High-tech manufacturing industry plays a pivotal role in the industrial innovation and economic growth in China. However, in most high-tech enterprises organizational and technological innovations are often not compatible with each other. Consequently, innovation efficiency and sustainable development are seriously hindered. This study recognizes the issue and tries to quantitatively measure the influence of organizational innovation and technological innovation on the improvement of resource utilization and core competitiveness for high-tech enterprises.The first part of this study summarizes literatures on organizational innovation and technological innovation adaptation. Our literature review suggests that organizational knowledge and organizational culture have important influence on organizational and technological innovations. The second part defines four measures of organizational innovation; organizational strategy innovation, organizational structure innovation, organizational processes innovation and organizational

  20. 高技Illustrator课程教学模式浅议%High-Tech Illustrator Teaching Mode Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    季艳

    2011-01-01

    Modem society's dependence on computer assisted software determines the kinds of socio-economic status and social role.Courses for Illustrator is also gaining popularity and attention.In this paper, the course Introduction to Illustrator and Illustrator courses of high-tech' teaching,the curriculum model put forward their own views.%现代社会对计算机的依赖程度决定了各类辅助软件在社会经济社会的地位和作用。对Illustrator课程的学习也越来越受到欢迎和重视。本文通过对Illustrator课程的简介和探讨高技Illustrator课程教学模式,对该课程的教学模式提出自己的见解。

  1. Discussion on high-growth high-tech industrial enterprises in the financial evaluation%高成长性高科技工业企业财务评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    伊军红

    2012-01-01

    高科技工业企业经营上短期债务风险大、股权结构分散、员工比较高端和技术密集型研发投入高等特点决定中小型高科技工业企业成长性评价应当从技术创新能力、人力资本能力、财务潜力、市场和公共关系能力四个方面入手。高科技工业企业成长性财务指标的选取及分析主要包括偿债能力评价指标、运营能力评价指标、获利能力评价指标、成长能力评价指标;成长性非财务指标的选取分析主要包括管理层面、人力资源层面、市场层面。%High-tech industrial enterprise risk management on short-term debt, dispersed ownership structure, star! and more technology-intensive high-end and high R & D investment decisions of small and medium high-teeh industrial enterprises should evaluate growth from technological innovation, human capital, capacity, financial potential, market and public relations capacity four-pronged approach. High-tech industrial enterprises in the selection of growth and analysis of financial indicators including solvency evaluation, operational capacity evaluation, profitability evaluation, the ability to grow evaluation; growth analysis of selected non-financial indicators, including management level, human resource level, market level.

  2. New Tech, New Ties:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ling, Richard

    regardless of where they are. But when we are engaged in these intimate conversations with absent friends, what happens to our relationship with the people who are actually in the same room with us? In New Tech, New Ties, Rich Ling examines how the mobile telephone affects both kinds of interactions......—those mediated by mobile communication and those that are face to face. Ling finds that through the use of various social rituals the mobile telephone strengthens social ties within the circle of friends and family—sometimes at the expense of interaction with those who are physically present—and creates what he...... calls "bounded solidarity." Ling argues that mobile communication helps to engender and develop social cohesion within the family and the peer group. Drawing on the work of Emile Durkheim, Erving Goffman, and Randall Collins, Ling shows that ritual interaction is a catalyst for the development of social...

  3. Vigor Clean Tech Inc.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brubacher-Cressman, Dale [Vigor Clean Tech Inc. (Canada)

    2011-07-01

    On May 5, 2011, the Ontario Waterpower Association hosted the emergent hydro workshop in Peterborough. The first technology presented by Vigor Clean Tech Inc. was a system with a vertical axis which is supported by a floating structure and can provide 10's of kWs. The second one is the PowerPipe, an in-conduit system which can be implemented in existing or new conduits and that generates electricity from excess head pressure in rapidly flowing water transmission pipelines; the PowerPipe can be used in low head or incremental sites. With Vigor's technology it is possible to generate renewable energy economically on a small scale and to leverage under-utilized infrastructures. However, to date, few field applications have been carried out. This presentation provided information on a technology which has the potential to produce a steady supply of reliable renewable energy on a small scale.

  4. Tech transfer outreach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liebetrau, S. (ed.)

    1992-01-01

    This document provides an informal summary of the conference workshop sessions. Tech Transfer Outreach '' was originally designed as an opportunity for national laboratory communications and technology transfer staff to become better acquainted and to discuss matters of mutual interest. When DOE field office personnel asked if they could attend, and then when one of our keynote speakers became a participant in the discussions, the actual event grew in importance. The conference participants--the laboratories and DOE representatives from across the nation--worked to brainstorm ideas. Their objective: identify ways to cooperate for effective (and cost-effective) technology transfer outreach. Thus, this proceedings is truly a product of ten national laboratories and DOE, working together. It candidly presents the discussion of issues and the ideas generated by each working group. The issues and recommendations are a consensus of their views.

  5. Acoustically shielded exhaust system for high thrust jet engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, John P. (Inventor); Lee, Robert (Inventor); Majjigi, Rudramuni K. (Inventor)

    1995-01-01

    A flade exhaust nozzle for a high thrust jet engine is configured to form an acoustic shield around the core engine exhaust flowstream while supplementing engine thrust during all flight conditions, particularly during takeoff. The flade airflow is converted from an annular 360.degree. flowstream to an arcuate flowstream extending around the lower half of the core engine exhaust flowstream so as to suppress exhaust noise directed at the surrounding community.

  6. Virginia Tech team places fourth at Solar Decathlon 2005

    OpenAIRE

    Chadwick, Heather Riley

    2005-01-01

    A house designed and built by a team of students from Virginia Tech's College of Architecture and Urban Studies and College of Engineering placed fourth overall on Friday, Oct. 14, at Solar Decathlon 2005, an international competition sponsored by the Department of Energy held on the Mall in Washington, D.C.

  7. Patients' perspectives on high-tech home care: a qualitative inquiry into the user-friendliness of four technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lehoux Pascale

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The delivery of technology-enhanced home care is growing in most industrialized countries. The objective of our study was to document, from the patient's perspective, how the level of user-friendliness of medical technology influences its integration into the private and social lives of patients. Understanding what makes a technology user-friendly should help improve the design of home care services. Methods Four home care interventions that are frequently used and vary in their technical and clinical features were selected: Antibiotic intravenous therapy, parenteral nutrition, peritoneal dialysis and oxygen therapy. Our qualitative study relied on the triangulation of three sources of data: 1 interviews with patients (n = 16; 2 interviews with carers (n = 6; and 3 direct observation of nursing visits of a different set of patients (n = 16. Participants of varying socioeconomic status were recruited through primary care organizations and hospitals that deliver home care within 100 km of Montreal, the largest urban area in the province of Quebec, Canada. Results The four interventions have both a negative and positive effect on patients' lives. These technologies were rarely perceived as user-friendly, and user-acceptance was closely linked to user-competence. Compared with acute I.V. patients, who tended to be passive, chronic patients seemed keener to master technical aspects. While some of the technical and human barriers were managed well in the home setting, engaging in the social world was more problematic. Most patients found it difficult to maintain a regular job because of the high frequency of treatment, while some carers found their autonomy and social lives restricted. Patients also tended to withdraw from social activities because of social stigmatization and technical barriers. Conclusions While technology contributes to improving the patients' health, it also imposes significant constraints on their lives

  8. Virginia Tech part of $14 million National Science Foundation nanotechnology grant

    OpenAIRE

    Doss, Catherine

    2008-01-01

    Researchers from geosciences and civil and environmental engineering at Virginia Tech are part of a consortium of four principal universities and five other schools awarded a multi-million dollar grant to study nanotechnology and the environment.

  9. Virginia Tech's Ashley White named to USA Today All-USA First Team

    OpenAIRE

    Crumbley, Liz

    2005-01-01

    Virginia Tech senior Ashley White, a University Honors student pursuing degrees in both materials science and engineering and music performance, has been named to USA Today's All-USA College Academic First Team.

  10. Virginia Tech team qualifies as DARPA Urban Challenge semi-finalist

    OpenAIRE

    Crumbley, Liz

    2007-01-01

    "VictorTango," a team of Virginia Tech engineering and geography students, will travel to Victorville, Calif., for the national qualifying rounds of the Urban Challenge autonomous vehicle competition, sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).

  11. A high performance thermoacoustic Stirling-engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tijani, M.E.H.; Spoelstra, S. [Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN), PO Box 1, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands)

    2011-11-10

    In thermoacoustic systems heat is converted into acoustic energy and vice versa. These systems use inert gases as working medium and have no moving parts which makes the thermoacoustic technology a serious alternative to produce mechanical or electrical power, cooling power, and heating in a sustainable and environmentally friendly way. A thermoacoustic Stirling heat engine is designed and built which achieves a record performance of 49% of the Carnot efficiency. The design and performance of the engine is presented. The engine has no moving parts and is made up of few simple components.

  12. High Performance Bipropellant Space Engines Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Advanced bipropellant engines are needed for ARES/ORION vehicle maneuvering and future deep space science missions. Currently, an iridium-lined rhenium combustion...

  13. High Thrust-Density Electrostaic Engines Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — These issues are addressable by: increasing the thrust, power, and thrust-to-power ratio capability of EP systems; reducing the non-recurring engineering systems...

  14. High Tech in Small Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Nirvi

    2010-01-01

    Across a giant swath of desert and mountain terrain southeast of Tucson, one yellow school bus has been carrying an extra passenger since last fall. Along with dozens of students, the bus rolls through the Vail School District's most far-flung portions equipped with a wireless router. It delivers the Internet to students for as many as three hours…

  15. High Tech for Milady's Makeup

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    "Elizabeth," a computerized beauty analysis system marketed by Elizabeth Arden, is based upon an ARAC data base search of technologies measuring skin profiles. * "Elizabeth" is no longer commercially available.

  16. Decoding chromatin goes high tech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, Dan; Gozani, Or

    2010-09-17

    Identifying proteins that recognize histone methylation is critical for understanding chromatin function. Vermeulen et al. (2010) now describe a cutting-edge strategy to identify and characterize several nuclear proteins and complexes that recognize five major histone trimethyl marks.

  17. TechEdSat Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The overall goal of the Technical Education Satellite (TechEdSat) is to employ a small spacecraft to evaluate, demonstrate, and validate two new technologies for...

  18. The Effects of High-tech Products Export to the Spatial Difference of Global Technology Innovation%高技术产品出口对全球技术创新空间差异的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢孝兵; 李子怡

    2016-01-01

    从经济发展水平角度,分别对全球技术创新和高技术产品出口的空间差异进行探讨,并利用2004-2013年全球52个国家的面板数据建立模型,实证分析高技术产品出口对全球创新能力的影响。研究表明,技术创新活动和高技术产品出口均主要集聚在高收入国家,高技术出口商品结构的升级对创新产出的提高有积极的影响,进一步促进技术创新向少数国家聚集。最后提出对未来技术创新的相关建议。%From the perspective of economic development level, this article respectively analyzes spatial differences of the global technology innovation and high-tech products export, and takes advantage of the data from 52 countries around the world in 2004-2013, constituting a panel data model to test the effects of the high-tech products export to the global innovation ability. Research has shown that both technology innovation activities and high-tech products export are mainly gathered in high-income countries. The upgrade of high technology export commodity structure has a positive effect on improving the innovation output and then promotes technology innovation to aggregate in a few countries. Finally, briefly summarize the full text, and put forward some relative suggestions to the future of technology innovation.

  19. Engineer receives Worcester professorship

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2005-01-01

    Jeffrey H. Reed, Virginia Tech professor of electrical and computer engineering (ECE), is the new recipient of the Willis G. Worcester Professorship of Electrical and Computer Engineering, traditionally awarded to a leading researcher.

  20. A Study on the High-Tech Enterprises' M & A---Based on the Strategic Target%高新技术企业并购研究--基于战略目标

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽英

    2014-01-01

    Recently the world has entered a new era of technological competition, the state of the global technical resources and the R&D system as well as the accelerated pace of technological change has altered the original way of industrial competition. The technological competition supported by the speed has become the mainstream. Acquiring technical advantages through M&A has turned into a new option. The high-tech enterprises have been the focus of global M&A market because of their high growth and expected profitability. Company may radically ensure that the target's strategy matches with theirs by choosing acquisition targets based on the company's strategy. The paper explores the characteristics and laws of the high-tech industry's development, finding that a large number of M&A transactions happened between high-tech enterprises and technology-based small businesses which determined by the law of development of high-tech industry. The essence of high-tech M&A is talent acquisition and M&A in various stages has different motives and target. The paper offers references and inspirations to M&A target selection of high-tech enterprises in China by studying the M&A strategy and target selection of Cisco.%目前全球已进入一个新的技术竞争时代,全球技术资源状态与研发体系以及技术变更速度的加快已经改变了原来的产业竞争方式,以速度为支撑的技术竞争已经成为主流,通过并购获得技术优势成为新的选择。高新技术企业凭借其高成长性和未来预期的高收益性目前已成为全球并购市场的焦点。企业基于战略来选择并购目标可以从根本上保证目标企业与自己的战略匹配。文章对高新技术行业发展的特点与规律进行研究,发现高新技术企业广泛大量并购技术型小企业是由高新技术行业的发展规律决定的,高新技术企业收购的实质是收购人才,在不同发展阶段其并购的动因与目标也不同。

  1. Examining Gender Inequality in a High School Engineering Course

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riegle-Crumb, Catherine; Moore, Chelsea

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines gender inequality within the context of an upper-level high school engineering course recently offered in Texas. Data was collected from six high schools that serve students from a variety of backgrounds. Among the almost two hundred students who enrolled in this challenge-based engineering course, females constituted a clear…

  2. High efficiency stoichiometric internal combustion engine system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winsor, Richard Edward; Chase, Scott Allen

    2009-06-02

    A power system including a stoichiometric compression ignition engine in which a roots blower is positioned in the air intake for the engine to control air flow. Air flow is decreased during part power conditions to maintain the air-fuel ratio in the combustion chamber of the engine at stoichiometric, thus enabling the use of inexpensive three-way catalyst to reduce oxides of nitrogen. The roots blower is connected to a motor generator so that when air flow is reduced, electrical energy is stored which is made available either to the roots blower to temporarily increase air flow or to the system electrical load and thus recapture energy that would otherwise be lost in reducing air flow.

  3. 基于与大企业联盟的技术创业企业成长机制%The growth mechanism of high - tech start - ups through building strategic alliances with established fn'ms

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵岑; 张帏; 姜彦福

    2012-01-01

    资源的匮乏常常是技术创业企业发展中面临的主要困难。而战略联盟为技术创业企业提供了一种以资源互补、风险共担、利益共享为基础的合作和发展模式,成为技术创业企业把握创业机会、实现快速发展的有效途径之一。本文首先针对技术创业企业与大企业构建的战略联盟,从资源基础观和“战略一结构”的视角,建立了技术创业企业构建战略联盟的“动因一行为一收益”整体分析框架;进而对高技术创业企业海兰信公司进行了深入案例研究,分析了其通过构建战略联盟获取资源、实现成长的内在机制。研究发现,技术创业企业选择联盟战略后,可以通过与伙伴企业进行组织间的合作、沟通和学习,使资源得到互补,战略更加明晰,组织结构更加完善,从而实现创业企业成长和绩效提升。在此基础上,本文提出了技术创业企业构建联盟的“动因-行为-收益”模型。%Lack of resource is usually a major constraint in the development of high - tech start - ups. Through cooperation based on resources complementary, risk sharing, and profit sharing, strategic alliances could be an effective way for the high - tech start - ups to catch up the entrepreneurial opportunity and achieve the rapid growth. The strategic alliances between high - tech startups and established firms are focused, and motivationbehaviorreturns overall analysis framework from the resource - based view and the strategy - structure perspective is preliminary established, then an in - depth case study of Highlander Digital Technology Stock Co. Ltd as a typical high - tech start - up is conducted and the intrinsic mechanism for accessing resource and achieving growth by building strategic alliances is analyzed. It is found that after strategic alliances, high - tech start - ups are a- ble to realize mutual complement of resources, clarify the strategy, improve

  4. FDI对我国高新技术产业技术溢出效应分析%The analysis of technology spillover effect of FDI on China's high-tech industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓钟; 何建莹

    2012-01-01

    With the C-D function, we empirically analyze the impact of FDI on China' s high-tech domestic enterprises' output, innovation capability and new product development. Studies have shown that foreign investment through competition effects, mobility effects, the demonstration effect and other related effects of domestic enterprises to promote the labor productivity of high-tech industry, and thereby contribute to improvement of domestic output of high-tech enterprises. But the too large technological gap between foreign and domestic enterprises and the much weaker ability to digesting and absorbing technology restrain FDI from promoting the capability of independent innovation in aerospace industry. The high foreign market concentration and market openness are not favorable for the new product market development of electronic and communications equipment manufacturing and computer and office equipment manufacturing. The paper thus explores the corresponding countermeasures and suggestions with a view to make better use of foreign investment in high-tech industry.%本文借助C-D函数,实证并分析了FDI对我国高新技术产业内资企业产出、自主创新能力、新产品开发的影响。研究表明,外资通过竞争效应、人员流动效应、示范效应以及产业关联效应等带动高新技术内资企业劳动生产率提高,从而促进内资高新技术企业产出总量增加;但较大的内外资企业的技术差距和较弱的技术消化吸收能力抑制了FDI对航空航天器制造业自主创新能力的提升;较高的外资企业市场集中度和市场开放度,不利于电子及通信设备制造业以及电子计算机及办公设备制造业新产品市场开发。文章据此探讨了相应的对策建议,以期为高新技术产业更好地利用外资提供有益的思路。

  5. Evaluation of High-Tech Research Project Based on Internal Fuzzy TOPSIS and AHP%基于AHP和区间模糊TOPSIS法的高新技术科研项目评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张守华; 孙树栋

    2011-01-01

    An evaluation index system of high-tech research project was established, and the evaluation model for high-tech research project was put forward based on analytical hierachy process (AHP) and internal fuzzy technique order preference by similarity to an ideal solution (TOPSIS). And the weight of evaluation index was made using AHP, the interval fuzzy matrix was set using fuzzy theory. The positive ideal solution, negative ideal solution and proximity were calculated. The rank of high-tech research project was made by comparing the proximity. At last, an example was discussed to validate the practicability and feasibility of the established index system and model.%建立了高新技术科研项目评价指标体系,提出了基于层次分析法(AHP)和区间模糊的逼近理想排序法的高新技术科研项目评价模型,采用AHP确定评价指标的权重,借助于模糊理论构建区间模糊矩阵,计算其正、负理想解和接近度,根据接近度而对高新技术科研项目进行比较,并进行了实例分析.结果表明,所构建的评价指标体系和评价模型具有一定的实用性和可行性.

  6. 基于过程观的高科技企业组织学习模型构建%Organizational Learning Model Building for High-tech Enterprises from the Prospective of Process Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于伟

    2012-01-01

    Combining with the organizational learning and process management theories and the characteristics of high -tech enterprises, the paper builds an organizational learning model for high - tech enterprises which includes two dimensions : the process and the hierarchical dimension. In the learning process, the organizations should build up a good operation environment from the aspects of human capital, motivation, organizational transform and institutionalization, information and collaborative technologies. The two dimensions of organizational learning contain circulatory improvement processes. By implementing and optimizing the processes of organizational learning the high - tech enterprises will achieve the maximized value so that the effect of organizational learning will be constantly enhanced.%结合组织学习和过程管理的相关理论,以及高科技企业的特点,构建了高科技企业组织学习的模型,将高科技企业的组织学习分为过程维度和在层次维度.在实现组织学习的过程中要从人力资本、激励方式、组织变革和制度化保证以及信息和协同手段的运用等四个方面出发,为高科技企业的组织学习构建良好的运作环境.组织学习的两个维度都是循环的改进过程,通过持续实施、并优化这些过程,高科技企业可以实现组织学习过程价值的最大化,从而使组织学习的效果得到不断的提升.

  7. 后金融危机时代高科技企业人力资源管理问题分析%Analysis of the post-crisis era of high-tech enterprise human resource management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵虹

    2013-01-01

    Human resources are the most important resource of high-tech enterprises.In the post-crisis era,human resource management is facing with multiple challenges.High-tech enterprise might take freeze hiring,layoffs,pay cuts and other actions to bring challenges in performance management,compensation management,employee relations management,training management,career planning,corporate culture and other aspects of human resource. Meanwhile,these actions also bring opportunities to high-tech enterprises.%  人力资源是高科技企业最重要的资源。在后金融危机时代,高科技企业的经营业务正处于调整恢复期,人力资源管理更是面临了多重挑战。高科技企业可能会采取的冻结招聘、裁员、降薪等行动给绩效管理、薪酬管理、员工关系管理、培训管理、职业生涯规划、企业文化建设等人力资源环节带来了重重挑战。同时,在这些方面也给高科技企业带来了机遇,企业可以采取人才引进、理念重构、提升企业凝聚力、提升企业竞争力、提升企业文化五大对策。

  8. 风险管理视角下的高科技企业人力资源管理策略探讨%Probe into the Strategies for Human Resource Management in High-tech Enterprise from Risk Management Perspective

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付照静; 吴贵钧

    2014-01-01

    The human resource management in rapidly developed high-tech enterprise is gradually becoming the“bottleneck”and weak factor of it. From the risk management perspective, and connecting with the features of the human resource management in the high-tech enterprise, this paper discusses the risk management strategy in aspects of human resource’s strategic planning,human resource’s basic management,personnel capacity management, human resource’s operation management,organizational culture, and human resource’s information management,etc., which have a certain significance and reference value to the human resource’s risk management of high-tech enterprise in rapid development.%高科技企业人力资源管理问题正逐渐成为其发展的“瓶颈”因素和薄弱环节。从风险管理的视角,结合高科技企业人力资源管理特点,对人力资源战略规划、人力资源基础管理、人员能力管理、人力资源运营管理、组织文化和人力资源信息管理等方面的风险管理策略进行了探讨,对于处于快速发展的高科技企业人力资源风险管理控制具有一定的借鉴意义和参考价值。

  9. 苏州高新区成立首家外资研发中心%First solely foreign-funded R&D center set up in Suzhou High-Tech Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Huading Technology (Suzhou)Co.,Ltd.,the first solely foreign-funded R&D center in the Suzhou High-Tech Zone, which was set up recently with a total outlay of US$5.6 million and registered capital of US$2. 8 million, is invested in by a company set up by Asus Computer in British Virgin Islands. It is mainly engaged in the R&D of computer and peripheral products and transfer of its own R&D results.

  10. An Empirical Analysis of the Export Competitiveness of China's High-tech Products%中国高技术产品贸易出口竞争力的实证分栅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    储昭昉

    2011-01-01

    自1999年我国实施“科技兴贸”战略以来,我国高技术产品出口快速增长,已成为推动我国外贸出口的重要动力。但我国高技术产品出口仍存在不少问题,如自主创新少,本土企业高技术产品出口规模小等。针对这一现象,文章基于1991~2008年的数据,首先利用出口市场占有率、贸易竞争优势指数和显示性比较优势指数实证分析我国高技术产品出口竞争力的现状,然后基于“钻石模型”着重探索我国高技术产品出口竞争力的影响因素。并给出提高我国高技术产品出口竞争力的对策和建议。%Since China implemented the "Developing Trade through Science and Technology" strategy in 1999, China's high-tech products export grows rapidly and has become an important driver of China's export. However, there are still some problems with China's high-tech products export such as less independent innovation and small-scale high-tech products export of local enterprises. Addressing on this phenomenon, and based on 1991-2008 data, this paper firstly uses the international market share, the index of trade competitiveness advantage and the index of revealed comparative advantage to analyze the export competitiveness of China's high- tech products, and then explores the factors that influence the export competitiveness on the basis of "Diamond Model" . And in the end, it also presents some advices for how to improve the export competitiveness.

  11. 国内外科技金融结合模式对哈大齐高新区的启示%The Inspiration of Foreign Sci-tech Finance Integration Pattern to Harbin-Daqing-Qiqihaer High-tech Zone

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱玉兴; 付萌; 王健

    2015-01-01

    现代科学技术的革新给经济带来深刻变革,而科技产业的发展需要金融的强力助推。科技金融得到党中央和相关专家的重视。哈尔滨、大庆、齐齐哈尔作为黑龙江省重要的工业基地,近年来发展迟缓,影响了东北老工业基地的转型升级。当前,哈大齐高新区存在融资渠道单一、金融支持体系不健全、政府扶持不到位等问题。鉴于国内外在科技金融结合发展模式的经验,哈大齐高新区应构建以政府为主导的良好金融环境,加快资本化与资本高度化并建立多元化融资体系,依靠科技金融结合发展模式,有效缓解哈大齐高新区的金融支持困境。%The innovation of modern science and technology has brought about profound economic reforms and the development of science and technology industry requires the strong pushing power of finance. Sci-tech finance has attracted the attention of the central leading body of CPC and relative experts. As important industrial bases in Heilongjiang province, Harbin, Daqing, and Qiqihaer grow so slow that they have affected the transformation and upgrading of old industrial bases in northeast China. The Harbin-Daqing-Qiqihaer high-tech zone now has some problems in terms of single financing channel, unsound finance support system and weak governmental support. Learn-ing from experiences in science and finance integration at home and abroad, the zone should build a friendly financial environment with the guidance of the government, accelerate capitalization and capital upgrading and build a diversifying financial system. In this way,the fi-nancial difficulties of the zone could be overcome by relying on sci-tech finance integration development patterns.

  12. Empirical Analysis on the Factors Affecting Innovation of High-tech Enterprises from the View of Performance%创新视角下高技术企业绩效影响因素实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓梅

    2015-01-01

    High technology enterprise is the national wealth creation system, in order to effectively explore the impact factors for influencing the innovation performance of high tech industry enterprises, based on sample data of the listed high tech enterprises, this paper proposes the performance theoretical model of high technology enterprise innovation consisting of the proposed asset factors , talent factor, management factor, technology factor and so on, to construct the index system of high technology industry enterprise innovation performance by using the method of grey fuzzy clustering theory. This paper analyzes the inherent relationship between the factors of high technology industry enterprise performance from innovation perspective, and gain the weight that asset factors of high-tech enterprise, talent management factors, technical factors and so on for influencing the innovation performance of high tech enterprises by adjusting the weights of different factors which can effectively improve the performance level of high technology enterprises. Finally , on the basis of the conclusion of the study, this paper provides suggestions to enhance the performance level of high technology enterprises from the investment, patent technology and talent repects which have important reference significance for the development of high-tech companies.%高技术企业是国民财富的创造体系,为有效探求影响高技术产业企业创新绩效的影响因素,文章基于已上市的高技术企业样本数据,提出了资产因素、人才因素、管理因素、技术因素等的高技术企业绩效理论模型,构建了高技术产业企业创新绩效因素指标体系,运用灰色模糊聚类理论方法,系统分析了创新视角下高技术产业企业绩效影响因素的内在关系,报告了高技术企业资产因素、人才因素、管理因素、技术因素和科技因素等多种控制因素对高技术企业创新绩效的影响的权值

  13. Biologically inspired highly efficient buoyancy engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akle, Barbar; Habchi, Wassim; Abdelnour, Rita; Blottman, John, III; Leo, Donald

    2012-04-01

    Undersea distributed networked sensor systems require a miniaturization of platforms and a means of both spatial and temporal persistence. One aspect of this system is the necessity to modulate sensor depth for optimal positioning and station-keeping. Current approaches involve pneumatic bladders or electrolysis; both require mechanical subsystems and consume significant power. These are not suitable for the miniaturization of sensor platforms. Presented in this study is a novel biologically inspired method that relies on ionic motion and osmotic pressures to displace a volume of water from the ocean into and out of the proposed buoyancy engine. At a constant device volume, the displaced water will alter buoyancy leading to either sinking or floating. The engine is composed of an enclosure sided on the ocean's end by a Nafion ionomer and by a flexible membrane separating the water from a gas enclosure. Two electrodes are placed one inside the enclosure and the other attached to the engine on the outside. The semi-permeable membrane Nafion allows water motion in and out of the enclosure while blocking anions from being transferred. The two electrodes generate local concentration changes of ions upon the application of an electrical field; these changes lead to osmotic pressures and hence the transfer of water through the semi-permeable membrane. Some aquatic organisms such as pelagic crustacean perform this buoyancy control using an exchange of ions through their tissue to modulate its density relative to the ambient sea water. In this paper, the authors provide an experimental proof of concept of this buoyancy engine. The efficiency of changing the engine's buoyancy is calculated and optimized as a function of electrode surface area. For example electrodes made of a 3mm diameter Ag/AgCl proved to transfer approximately 4mm3 of water consuming 4 Joules of electrical energy. The speed of displacement is optimized as a function of the surface area of the Nafion

  14. Transcriptional Engineering of Microalgae: Prospects for High-Value Chemicals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bajhaiya, Amit K; Ziehe Moreira, Javiera; Pittman, Jon K

    2017-02-01

    Microalgae are diverse microorganisms that are of interest as novel sources of metabolites for various industrial, nutritional, and pharmaceutical applications. Recent studies have demonstrated transcriptional engineering of some metabolic pathways. We propose here that transcriptional engineering could be a viable means to manipulate the biosynthesis of specific high-value metabolic products.

  15. R&D、知识溢出与高新技术产业的地区差异——基于江苏省13地市的面板数据分析%Differences of R&D, Knowledge Spillover and of High - tech Industry Development Performance A Study Based on Panel Data in Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙颖; 赵静敏

    2011-01-01

    R&D and knowledge spillovers have significant impact on the high - tech industry development, such as human capital spillovers, international trade spillovers, FDI spillovers. The property right system reform also influences high - tech industry development performance. The empirical results show that the government's financial investment and human capital have a positive impact on the high -tech industry in the relatively backward area in economy, we should strengthen the government' s R&D input. FDI and international trade also has positive effect on the high - tech industry. The property right system reform can improve the development of high - tech industry.%政府研发投入、人力资本知识溢出、国际贸易知识溢出、FDI知识溢出以及产权制度改革对高新技术产业都有很重要的影响.实证研究结果表明,对于经济相对落后的地区,政府的财政投入和人力资本培育具有积极影响,应该加大政府的科技资源倾斜力度.FDI和国际贸易对高新技术产业绩效也有正面影响,市场化的产权制度改革也是推动高新技术产业发展的重要因素.

  16. Research on Input Intensity of Scientific and Technological Activities in Suzhou High-tech Enterprises%苏州高新技术企业科技活动投入强度研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范小秋; 杨莹; 瞿肖怡

    2016-01-01

    企业是创新的主体,而高新技术企业是综合反映企业创新能力的重要载体,其持续稳定的科技活动投入是保障企业转型升级、赢得竞争优势的重要手段。文章通过利用苏州2014年度火炬统计年报数据,挖掘在各行业、各领域、各地区高新技术企业的科技活动开展状况,并运用定量分析研究政府扶持资金在推动企业创新中发挥的作用。%Enterprises are the body of innovation, especially for high-tech enterprises. Innovation of high-tech enterprises is a comprehensive reflection of enterprises innovation capabilities. Therefore, their steady investment in scientific and technological activities is an important means to gain competitive advantage and ensure business transforming and upgrading. By analyzing data gathered from 2014 Torch Annual Research, this article looks into scientific and technological activities taken by enterprises in various regions, industries and technological fields. Through quantitative analysis, the article points out what role government support founds is playing in boosting enterprise innovation.

  17. 高技术产业专利开发与产业发展关系实证研究%Empirical Analysis of Patent and Industry Development of High-tech Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐巧玲

    2013-01-01

    根据1995-2010年的时间序列数据,利用计量经济学中的协整理论及格兰杰因果检验,对我国高技术产业专利开发与产业发展之间的关系进行了验证.结果表明,二者之间存在长期的均衡关系,但并不存在明显的格兰杰因果关系,说明我国高技术产业专利开发与产业发展还未形成良性互动关系.%According to time series data from 1995 to 2010, the paper uses co-integration theory and granger causality test, and carries out dynamic analysis of the relationship between patent and industry development of high-tech industry. Through the analysis, the paper reaches some conclusions. Long-term equilibrium relationship exists between patent application and industrial added value of high-tech industry, but the granger causality between them is not clear, which shows that positive interactive relationship between them hasn't been formed.

  18. Integration of High-tech Enterprises to Carry Out Exploration Performance Incentive System%高新技术企业开展绩效积分激励制度的探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王静静

    2015-01-01

    The core competitiveness of enterprises from the talent to create high-tech research and development, how to build a scientific performance evaluation system to stimulate innovation and creativity of staff, effective use of a variety of incentives to improve work ethic and job performance of employees, to promote enterprise the key to long-term development of high-tech companies continue to achieve new breakthroughs, we were of this article.%高技术企业的核心竞争力来自人才创造的研发实力,如何构建科学的绩效评价指标体系,激发员工的创新创造能力,有效运用各种激励手段来提高员工的工作热情和工作绩效,促进企业的长期发展成为高新技术企业不断取得新的突破的关键,文章对此进行了探析.

  19. Strategy Research on Small and Medium-sized High-tech Enterprises Intellectual Property Securitization Financing%中小高新技术企业知识产权证券化融资策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴波虹

    2014-01-01

    The development of small and medium-sized high-tech enterprises needs a lot of money, but the tradi-tional financing model is difficult to adapt to the requirement of its financing. Intellectual property securitization financ-ing as a structured finance innovation, has become a new mode of small and medium-sized high-tech enterprises fi-nancing in China. At the same time, intellectual property rights as a kind of intangible assets in the asset value evalua-tion has certain difficulty and the value of intellectual property has the characteristics of uncertainty, which hinders the securitization of intellectual property.%中小高新技术企业在发展中需要大量的资金投入,而传统的融资模式已经很难适应其融资的要求,知识产权证券化融资作为一项结构性金融创新,已经成为我国中小高新企业融资新模式。同时知识产权作为一种无形资产,在资产价值评估具有一定的困难及知识产权的价值具有不确定的特点,从而阻碍了知识产权证券化。

  20. Success and Failure of U.S.High-tech Companies in Merger and Acquisition in China%美国高科技企业并购成败分析及对我国的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩蓄

    2012-01-01

    Through analyzing the typical success and failure of U.S.high-tech enterprises in the merger and acquisition,this article tries to provide Chinese high-tech companies with some help in that way.The paper argues that the effective integrations of technical and intellectual resources is the only way to get a successful merger and acquisition,meanwhile it is that the cultural differences and conflicts that would lead to a failure of the acquisition transaction.%通过分析美国高科技企业并购成功和失败的典型案例,对国内高科技企业走并购发展之路提供有益的借鉴:技术和智力资源的有效整合是成功并购的必由之路,文化冲突和收购价值分歧会让并购走向失败。

  1. 关于国内外高新技术产品与品牌战略之间的分析%Analysis of High-tech Products at Home and Abroad and between Brand Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋双双; 蔡蔡

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between domestic and foreign high-tech products and brand strategies. In the electronics industry, in the United States, Apple, South Korea’s Samsung and China’s Lenovo Group, for example were analyzed and summarized in mastering high-tech products marketing target market, it must also be consistent with the company's overall brand image.%主要分析了国内外高新技术产品与品牌战略之间的关系。在电子产品行业中,以美国的苹果公司、韩国的三星公司和中国的联想集团为例进行了分析,总结了高新技术产品营销在掌握目标市场的同时,也要与企业的整体品牌形象相一致。

  2. Analysis on Current Situation of Financing Channels of High-tech SMEs in Shanxi Province%山西省科技型中小企业融资渠道现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉冰

    2011-01-01

    This paper summarizes the status quo of financing channels of high-tech SMEs in Shanxi according to the data obtained from the questionnaire.Then it analyzes the reasons causing the difficulty in financing.Finally,it considers that increasing the financing favor of bank,establishing stock listed echelon,and enhancing the guide services of industrial associations help to expand the financing channels of high-tech SMEs and improve financing system in current financing environment.%根据问卷调查数据,总结了山西省科技型中小企业的融资渠道现状,分析了造成其融资困难的原因。指出,在目前山西省的融资环境下,可从加大银行融资倾向、建立上市梯队、加强行业协会的引导服务入手拓宽山西省科技型中小企业的融资渠道、完善其融资体系。

  3. Comparison and Experience of High -tech Industry Cluster Policy in US,Japan and France%美日法高新技术产业集群政策的比较与借鉴

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于丽英; 童心

    2014-01-01

    Firstly,this paper analyzes the characteristics of the high -tech industrial cluster policies in United States,Ja-pan and France.Then five dimensions of cluster policy are put forward,which are promoting dialogue and cooperation,ex-panding demand,providing intellectual support,promoting international connections and improving cluster framework.Ac-cording to the five -dimensions,the common and differences of cluster policies in United States,Japan and France are comparatively analyzed.Finally the experiences are summarized for the policy setting of the high -tech industry cluster in China.%分析美国、日本和法国高新技术产业集群政策特点,提出集群政策比较的五个维度,促进对话与合作、拓展需求、提供智力支撑、促进国际联系和完善集群框架,进而从五个政策维度比较分析美日法集群政策的共同点与不同点,最后总结对我国高新技术产业集群政策的经验借鉴。

  4. Tech Prep and the Rural Context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Gene L.

    1996-01-01

    Discusses implementation of tech prep in rural areas and notes that relatively little research has been done on behalf of small town schools. Teachers' comments regarding tech prep implementation provide additional insight into the situation. (JOW)

  5. Competitive low-tech manufacturing and challenges for regional policy in the European context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Teis; Winther, Lars

    2014-01-01

    Today, low-tech firms in high-wage countries are focusing on increasing investments in highly skilled labour and advanced machinery, incremental innovation and high value-added niches. Danish policy, however, gives little attention to the new specificities of low-tech manufacturing, and the under....... Conversely, user–producer interactions and machinery investments, which are critical to low-tech competitiveness, are disregarded by policies.......Today, low-tech firms in high-wage countries are focusing on increasing investments in highly skilled labour and advanced machinery, incremental innovation and high value-added niches. Danish policy, however, gives little attention to the new specificities of low-tech manufacturing...

  6. On Independent Innovation Capability of Domestic Enterprises——Data Analysis Based on the Export of High - tech Products%对我国企业自主创新能力的探讨——基于高技术产品出口数据分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜永廷

    2011-01-01

    从高技术产品占对外贸易的比重、贸易竞争力指数、贸易方式、出口的企业类型分布以及高技术产业增加值的企业类型分布等角度,分析我国高技术产品的出口情况.认为我国高技术产品出口及其占世界份额的迅猛增长,实质是建立在外资绝对控制的、对国外高技术产品进口高度依赖的、加工贸易占主导地位基础之上的.我国高技术产品出口繁荣表象的背后,是我国企业自主创新能力的不足和对发达国家严重的技术依赖.我国企业的自主创新能力亟待提升.%This article analyzes China's exports of high -tech products from the following points of view: the proportion of foreign trade which high - tech exports account for, trade competitiveness index, modes of trade, distribution of export business types, distribution types of value - added high - tech enterprises.The paper puts forward that China's high - tech exports and their rapid growth are based on absolute control of foreign capital, highly dependent on imports of foreign high -tech products, and dominated by processing trade.Behind the prosperity of high - tech exports, domestic enterprises are lacking in independent innovation capacity and highly depending on the technologies from developed countries.The independent innovation capability of domestic enterprises urgently needs upgrading.

  7. A New, Highly Improved Two-Cycle Engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiesen, Bernard

    2008-01-01

    The figure presents a cross-sectional view of a supercharged, variable-compression, two-cycle, internal-combustion engine that offers significant advantages over prior such engines. The improvements are embodied in a combination of design changes that contribute synergistically to improvements in performance and economy. Although the combination of design changes and the principles underlying them are complex, one of the main effects of the changes on the overall engine design is reduced (relative to prior two-cycle designs) mechanical complexity, which translates directly to reduced manufacturing cost and increased reliability. Other benefits include increases in the efficiency of both scavenging and supercharging. The improvements retain the simplicity and other advantages of two-cycle engines while affording increases in volumetric efficiency and performance across a wide range of operating conditions that, heretofore have been accessible to four-cycle engines but not to conventionally scavenged two-cycle ones, thereby increasing the range of usefulness of the two-cycle engine into all areas now dominated by the four-cycle engine. The design changes and benefits are too numerous to describe here in detail, but it is possible to summarize the major improvements: Reciprocating Shuttle Inlet Valve The entire reciprocating shuttle inlet valve and its operating gear is constructed as a single member. The shuttle valve is actuated in a lost-motion arrangement in which, at the ends of its stroke, projections on the shuttle valve come to rest against abutments at the ends of grooves in a piston skirt. This shuttle-valve design obviates the customary complex valve mechanism, actuated from an engine crankshaft or camshaft, yet it is effective with every type of two-cycle engine, from small high-speed single cylinder model engines, to large low-speed multiple cylinder engines.

  8. The Third Phase Engineering of Baotou Yunsheng Started

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The third phase engineering of Baotou Yunsheng Strong MagneticMaterials Co., Ltd started in Baotou Raotou Rare Earth Hi-Tech Zone in August. After the completion of the construction, the production line can produce 1,500 tons of high performance NdFeB magnets per annum.

  9. Energy efficient engine high-pressure turbine detailed design report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thulin, R. D.; Howe, D. C.; Singer, I. D.

    1982-01-01

    The energy efficient engine high-pressure turbine is a single stage system based on technology advancements in the areas of aerodynamics, structures and materials to achieve high performance, low operating economics and durability commensurate with commercial service requirements. Low loss performance features combined with a low through-flow velocity approach results in a predicted efficiency of 88.8 for a flight propulsion system. Turbine airfoil durability goals are achieved through the use of advanced high-strength and high-temperature capability single crystal materials and effective cooling management. Overall, this design reflects a considerable extension in turbine technology that is applicable to future, energy efficient gas-turbine engines.

  10. Product engineering by high-temperature flame synthesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannessen, Tue; Johansen, Johnny; Mosleh, Majid;

    High-temperature flame processes can be applied as a tool for chemical product engineering. The general principle behind flame synthesis is the decomposition/oxidation of evaporated metal-precursors in a flame, thereby forming metal oxide monomers which nucleate, aggregate, and - to some extent...... product gas can be applied directly in additional product engineering concepts. A brief overview of on-going product developments and product engineering projects is outlined below. These projects, which are all founded on flame synthesis of nano-structured materials, include: • Preparation of catalyzed...

  11. The use of high-tech means to carry out repair improve intact rate of medical equipment%利用高科技手段开展维修提高医疗设备完好率

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金堂; 董霞

    2014-01-01

    目的:提高医疗设备完好率和利用率,使医院取得更好的社会效益和经济效益。方法:通过培养高科技人才,利用高科技手段,使用高科技维修工具,科学维修和保养,加强外部联系,充分利用社会资源,改变传统维修模式。结果:逐步建设一支高水平的设备维修队伍,充分利用计算机及其网络,使用新型维修工具,提高维修质量,充分利用社会资源,保障医疗设备的完好率。结论:提高了医疗设备的完好率,充分发挥现代化医疗设备的综合效益,为医院创造更大的社会效益和经济效益。%Objective:To improve equipment intact rate and utilization rate, make the hospital better social and economic benefits. Methods:Through the cultivation of high-tech talent, the use of high-tech means, the use of high-tech repair tools, repair and maintenance of science, strengthening external relations, making full use of social resources. Results:Construction of a high level of equipment repair team gradually, make full use of computer and network, the use of new tools to improve the quality of repair, repair. Scientific maintenance and repair, make full use of social resources, ensure medical equipment intact rate. Conclusion:Improve the medical equipment intact rate;give full play to the comprehensive benefits of modern medical equipment, to create greater social and economic benefits for the hospital.

  12. National Academy of Engineering selects Engineering Education Fellows

    OpenAIRE

    Elliott, Jean

    2004-01-01

    Gary Downey, of Blacksburg, professor of science and technology in society in the College of Liberal Arts and Human Sciences at Virginia Tech, has been named a Boeing Company Engineering Education Senior Fellow by the National Academy of Engineering (NAE).

  13. Do gender and personality traits (BFI-10) influence self-perceived tech savviness?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sudzina, Frantisek

    2015-01-01

    Nowadays, it is necessary to use technology in various everyday activities. A certain level of what used to be called high-tech savviness is needed to access certain services. The aim of this paper is to analyze if gender and personality traits (Big Five Inventory-10) influence self-perceived tech...

  14. The Technology Talents' Responsible Innovation and the Scientific Development of High-tech Companies%科技人才负责任创新与高新企业科学发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房宏君

    2015-01-01

    Responsible innovation(RI) is an important frontier and key focus of the research on innovations in the field of domestic and foreign current. To explore the practical path of the technological innovation's driving growth strategy effectively, this paper puts forward the important concept of science and technology talents' responsible innovation and takes scientific exploration of its meaning, nature and characteristics based on the foreign frontier theory research and practice results on responsible innovation in recent years. This paper builds a theoretical model of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation based on the scientific definition of the relevant variables dimensions, and find the internal mechanism and intermediary path of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation deeply. The paper enriches the theoretical system of the technological innovation's driving growth strategy and provides an important reference for the practice of driving the high-tech companies' scientific development of science and technology talents' the responsible innovation.%负责任创新(RI)是当前国内外创新领域研究的重要前沿和关键热点。为了有效探索科技创新驱动发展战略的实践路径,文章基于近几年国外较为前沿的负责任创新理论研究与实践成果,提出了科技人才负责任创新这一重要概念,科学探析其内涵、本质与特征并在科学界定相关变量维度基础上,构建了科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的理论模型,深入挖掘科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的内在机理和中介路径,丰富了科技创新驱动发展的理论体系,为科技人才负责任创新驱动高新企业科学发展的具体实践提供重要参考。

  15. La Vida Robot - High School Engineering Program Combats Engineering Brain Drain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cameron, Allan; Lajvardi, Fredi (Carl Hayden High School, Phoenix, AZ)

    2006-03-15

    Carl Hayden High School has built an impressive reputation with its robotics club. At a time when interest in science, math and engineering is declining, the Falcon Robotics club has young people fired up about engineering. Their program in underwater robots (MATE) and FIRST robotics is becoming a national model, not for building robots, but for building engineers. Teachers Fredi Lajvardi and Allan Cameron will present their story (How kids 'from the mean streets of Phoenix took on the best from M.I.T. in the national underwater bot championship' - Wired Magazine, April 2005) and how every student needs the opportunity to 'do real engineering.'

  16. EVALUATION OF A LOW FRICTION - HIGH EFFICIENCY ROLLER BEARING ENGINE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolarik, Robert V. II; Shattuck, Charles W.; Copper, Anthony P.

    2009-06-30

    This Low Friction (High Efficiency Roller Bearing) Engine (LFE) report presents the work done by The Timken Company to conduct a technology demonstration of the benefits of replacing hydrodynamic bearings with roller bearings in the crankshaft and camshaft assemblies of an internal combustion engine for the purpose of collecting data sufficient to prove merit. The engines in the present study have been more extensively converted to roller bearings than any previous studies (40 needle roller bearings per engine) to gain understanding of the full potential of application of bearing technology. The project plan called for comparative testing of a production vehicle which was already respected for having demonstrated low engine friction levels with a rollerized version of that engine. Testing was to include industry standard tests for friction, emissions and fuel efficiency conducted on instrumented dynamometers. Additional tests for fuel efficiency, cold start resistance and other measures of performance were to be made in the actual vehicle. Comparative measurements of noise, vibration and harshness (NVH), were planned, although any work to mitigate the suspected higher NVH level in the rollerized engine was beyond the scope of this project. Timken selected the Toyota Avalon with a 3.5L V-6 engine as the test vehicle. In an attempt to minimize cost and fabrication time, a ‘made-from’ approach was proposed in which as many parts as possible would be used or modified from production parts to create the rollerized engine. Timken commissioned its test partner, FEV Engine Technology, to do a feasibility study in which they confirmed that using such an approach was possible to meet the required dimensional restrictions and tolerances. In designing the roller bearing systems for the crank and cam trains, Timken utilized as many production engine parts as possible. The crankshafts were produced from production line forgings, which use Timken steel, modified with special

  17. Question and Countermeasure Analysis on High-tech Product Export in Jilin Province%吉林省高新技术产品出口存在的问题及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟振宇

    2011-01-01

    With the intense competition of international trade, the high-tech product with high added value and high technique content becomes the most competitive and most preponderant product in the international trade export products.Therefore,the high-tech product export competition is very important in the international export trade competition.Not only the Jilin Province products outlet proportion for optimized Jilin Province's trade structure,enhanced the export commodity quality and the benefit,also promoted the entire province technology advancement,the industrial upgrading and the national economy effectively continues the healthy development fast,to promoted Jilin Province foreign trade export development important function.%随着国际贸易竞争的加剧,附加值高、技术含量高的高新技术产品成为国际贸易出口产品中最具有竞争力最有优势的产品。因此,高新技术产品的出口竞争在国际间出口贸易竞争中极为重要。吉林省高新技术产品出口比重的提高不仅优化了吉林省的贸易结构,提高了出口商品质量和效益,也有效地促进了全省技术进步、产业升级和国民经济快速持续健康发展,对促进吉林省对外贸易出口的发展起到了重要的作用。

  18. ASM International : Family tech enterprise grows up: Part A

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lachotzki, F.W.I.; Schuit, S.R.; Olson, M.A.

    2012-01-01

    High-tech innovation is something not confined to the US, and indeed for decades the Dutch-based company ASMI has been a strong worldwide competitor in the market for the highly-complicated machines which manufacture the semi-conducter chips which are to be found in all modern-day electronic devices

  19. Head of Department of Mechanical Engineering appointed

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2004-01-01

    Kenneth S. Ball, professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, will become the head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering in Virginia Tech's College of Engineering Aug. 1.

  20. Head of Department of Mechanical Engineering appointed

    OpenAIRE

    Nystrom, Lynn A.

    2004-01-01

    Kenneth S. Ball, professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Texas at Austin, will become the head of the Department of Mechanical Engineering in Virginia Tech's College of Engineering Aug. 1.

  1. Engineering high-performance vertical cavity lasers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lear, K.L.; Hou, H.Q.; Hietala, V.M.; Choquette, K.D.; Schneider, R.P. Jr.

    1996-12-31

    The cw and high-speed performance of vertical cavity surface emitting laser diodes (VCSELs) are affected by both electrical and optical issues arising from the geometry and fabrication of these devices. Structures with low resistance semiconductor mirrors and Al-oxide confinement layers address these issues and have produced record performance including 50% power conversion efficiency and modulation bandwidths up to 20 GHz at small bias currents.

  2. 我对科技进步和发展高科技产业的研究%My Study of Scientific and Technological Advancement and High-Tech Industry Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周叔莲

    2012-01-01

    上世纪70年代后期笔者由研究工业化而开始学习和研究科学技术问题,此后坚持长期跟踪研究。这些研究包括:从研究科学技术是生产力到研究科学技术是第一生产力;论证引进先进技术的必要性和重要性;研究现有企业技术改造;研究新技术革命的社会经济影响;研究发展高新技术产业的战略问题;等等。对研究工作的这种总结梳理,虽然展示的是一个长期致力于我国科技进步和发展高科技产业研究学者的理论成果和探索历程,但也间接反映出我国科技进步和发展高科技产业的理论和实践发展进程。%In late 1970s, the author shifted his research from industrialization to science and technology issues and kept follow-up studies thereafter. These studies include but not limited to the following: from studying science and technology as a productive force to studying science and technology as the primary productive force; justifying the necessity and significance to import advanced technologies; studying technological transformation of existing firms; studying the social and economic impacts of the new technological revolution; studying the strategic issues of develo- ping high-tech industries. While this type of retrospect of previous studies demonstrates the theoretical achievements and explorational process of a scholar who has devoted long-term efforts on our country ' s scientific and technological advancement and high-tech industry development, it indirectly reflects the theoretical and practical course of devel opment in our country's scientific and technological advancement and hizh-tech industry rlevelanmont

  3. GEOGRAPHICAL PATTERN AND GEOGRAPHICAL CONCENTRATION OF CHINESE NEW AND HIGH TECH INDUSTRIES%中国高新技术产业的地理格局与地理集中

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张维阳; 段学军; 高金龙; 刘剑

    2011-01-01

    Compared with the traditional industries,new and high tech industries has more strongly inherent requirement for geographic concentration,which leads to the significant difference in geographical pattern.The article attempts to study the status of new and high tech industries geographical pattern and geographical concentration and the change trend separately from the industry as a whole and sub-sectors from the perspective of geography.This research combines with the time series data and cross section data of 2008,is base on the existing related research methods and empirical analysis.The research methods include regional Gini coefficient,geographic concentration and the geographic distribution measurement method.The research shows that new and high tech industries highly concentrated in the coastal provinces,together with Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces,the provincial gap is wide.The share of new and high tech industries output value is significantly associated with economic development.Time series analysis shows that the concentration of industry continued to improve for a long time scale,while the tendency tended to be stable in recent years.The geographical pattern is clear gradually and the core provinces are highlighted.Due to the different nature,development foundation,resources demand and market group,different industries has different centralized situation and development trend.%与传统产业相比,高新技术产业对地理集中具有更加强烈的内在要求,这导致其地理格局与传统产业具有明显的差别。在产业集中指数等相关理论方法和实证分析的基础上,力图从地理学视角,结合高新技术产业的时间序列数据和2008年断面数据,从整体产业和分行业研究了高新技术产业地理格局和地理集中的现状和变动趋势。研究发现,我国高新技术产业高度集中在沿海省区和陕、川两省,省区间差距悬殊;高新技术产业产值份额同经济发展显著相关。

  4. Engineering a Scalable High Quality Graph Partitioner

    CERN Document Server

    Holtgrewe, Manuel; Schulz, Christian

    2009-01-01

    We describe an approach to parallel graph partitioning that scales to hundreds of processors and produces a high solution quality. For example, for many instances from Walshaw's benchmark collection we improve the best known partitioning. We use the well known framework of multi-level graph partitioning. All components are implemented by scalable parallel algorithms. Quality improvements compared to previous systems are due to better prioritization of edges to be contracted, better approximation algorithms for identifying matchings, better local search heuristics, and perhaps most notably, a parallelization of the FM local search algorithm that works more locally than previous approaches.

  5. The Research about the Shaanxi Province High-tech Zone’s Industry Agglomeration and Technology Spillovers of FDI--An Empirical Analysis Based on 3 High-tech Zones’ Panel Data%陕西省高新区产业集聚与FDI技术溢出效应研究--基于三个高新区面板数据的实证分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王利晓

    2015-01-01

    利用2007-2012年陕西省三个国家级高新区及城市面板数据,将产业集聚与FDI纳入同一经济计量模型,研究高新区产业集聚、FDI技术溢出对城市经济增长的影响,验证产业集聚与FDI技术溢出的交互影响作用。结果表明:产业集聚弹性为0.2307,显著正向促进高新区所在城市经济增长;交互作用下,除劳动投入在5%统计水平上正向显著外,资本投入、产业集聚、产业集聚与FDI交互项均在1%统计水平上正向显著;高新区产业集聚与FDI技术溢出相互促进共同显著促进了城市经济增长与技术进步。%Based On the 3 high-tech zones’ panel data of Shaanxi Province from 2007 to 2012,this paper puts Industry Agglomeration with the FDI into the same econometric model,researches the impact of high-tech zone’s industry Agglomeration and Technology Spillovers of FDI on city economic growth,and verifies the inter⁃action of the Industry Agglomeration and FDI. The empirical analysis indicates Industry Agglomeration promotes economic growth significantly,the marginal effect of industrial agglomeration to city economic growth is 0.2307, which is larger than the other factor input. Under the interaction capital investment,industrial agglomeration,in⁃dustrial agglomeration and FDI’ s interaction are one percent statistical level significantly positive but the labor input is five percent statistical level significantly positive to city economic growth;high-tech zone industrial ag⁃glomeration and FDI technology spillover are in mutual promotion,and they commonly promotes the city econom⁃ic growth .

  6. Probability based high temperature engineering creep and structural fire resistance

    CERN Document Server

    Razdolsky, Leo

    2017-01-01

    This volume on structural fire resistance is for aerospace, structural, and fire prevention engineers; architects, and educators. It bridges the gap between prescriptive- and performance-based methods and simplifies very complex and comprehensive computer analyses to the point that the structural fire resistance and high temperature creep deformations will have a simple, approximate analytical expression that can be used in structural analysis and design. The book emphasizes methods of the theory of engineering creep (stress-strain diagrams) and mathematical operations quite distinct from those of solid mechanics absent high-temperature creep deformations, in particular the classical theory of elasticity and structural engineering. Dr. Razdolsky’s previous books focused on methods of computing the ultimate structural design load to the different fire scenarios. The current work is devoted to the computing of the estimated ultimate resistance of the structure taking into account the effect of high temperatur...

  7. 基于胜任力的人才招募初探%Study of Talent Recruitment Based on Competency Model in Small and Medium Sized High-tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘小金

    2011-01-01

    中小型高新技术企业运用胜任力模型进行人才招募,不仅可以体现企业的战略和文化,还考察了员工最核心的品质,可为企业选出了最具有胜任力的员工。%Using the competency model for talent recruitment in small and medium sized high-tech company,it not only reflects the company's strategy and culture,but also reflects the core quality of the employees.Competency employees are selected by this method.Furthermore,the company is always maintains a dominant position in the competition.

  8. 我国高技术产业创新效率的时间演变与地区分布特征%Temporal Process and Regional Distribution Characteristics of China’s High-tech Industry Innovation Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晓光

    2015-01-01

    在创新资源有限条件下,研究如何提高我国高技术产业的创新效率,推进“中国制造2025”和“一带一路”战略,有重大意义。在前人研究基础上,借助多产出随机前沿分析模型对2008-2013年中国30个省级地区高技术产业技术创新超越对数生产函数进行了参数估计,继而测算出各地区2008-2013年的创新技术效率、规模效率和总技术效率值,并分析了影响技术效率的因素。结论表明:中国高技术产业创新技术效率与企业规模、市场结构、政府投入力度、研发支出结构呈正向关系,与经济发展水平呈负向关系;2008-2013年,中国大部分省级地区高技术产业的创新技术效率值整体呈现波动式上升趋势,仅在2009-2010年间受全球金融危机干扰呈现短暂的下降变化;中国30个省级地区高技术产业创新技术效率呈现稳健的差异现象,分布格局类似于经济发展水平分布;各地区规模效率水平均大于技术效率水平,是总技术效率水平增长的主要源泉。%This paper makes parameter estimation on technology innovation production function of high-tech industry of China’s 30 provincial-level regions from 2008 to 2013 by means of multi-output stochastic frontier model,and then measures out the regional technical efficiency,the scale efficiency and total technical efficiency from 2008 to 2013,and last analyzes the affecting factors of technical efficiency. Conclusions show that:there is a positive relationship between the Chinese high-tech industry innovation efficiency and firm size,market structure,government funding and R&D expenditure structure,but not with the level of economic development;most provincial high-tech innovation efficiency showed a fluctuating upward trend from 2008 to 2013,only from 2009 to 2010 presenting a transient decrease interference change,which was influenced by the global financial crisis;technical innovation

  9. A SCALE-UP Mock-Up: Comparison of Student Learning Gains in High- and Low-Tech Active-Learning Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soneral, Paula A. G.; Wyse, Sara A.

    2017-01-01

    Student-centered learning environments with upside-down pedagogies (SCALE-UP) are widely implemented at institutions across the country, and learning gains from these classrooms have been well documented. This study investigates the specific design feature(s) of the SCALE-UP classroom most conducive to teaching and learning. Using pilot survey data from instructors and students to prioritize the most salient SCALE-UP classroom features, we created a low-tech “Mock-up” version of this classroom and tested the impact of these features on student learning, attitudes, and satisfaction using a quasi-­experimental setup. The same instructor taught two sections of an introductory biology course in the SCALE-UP and Mock-up rooms. Although students in both sections were equivalent in terms of gender, grade point average, incoming ACT, and drop/fail/withdraw rate, the Mock-up classroom enrolled significantly more freshmen. Controlling for class standing, multiple regression modeling revealed no significant differences in exam, in-class, preclass, and Introduction to Molecular and Cellular Biology Concept Inventory scores between the SCALE-UP and Mock-up classrooms. Thematic analysis of student comments highlighted that collaboration and whiteboards enhanced the learning experience, but technology was not important. Student satisfaction and attitudes were comparable. These results suggest that the benefits of a SCALE-UP experience can be achieved at lower cost without technology features. PMID:28213582

  10. Playing Legislative Catch-up in 2010 with a Growing, High-Tech Phenomenon: Evolving Statutory Approaches for Addressing Teen Sexting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clay Calvert

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes and critiques legislation adopted by states in 2010 to address the burgeoning phenomenon of teen sexting. Sixteen different states in 2010, stretching from California to New York, considered bills or resolutions designed to address, in one manner or another, teen sexting. By early November 2010, sexting bills had been signed into law by the governors of Arizona, Connecticut, Illinois and Louisiana. To illustrate the differences, as well as the strengths and weaknesses among the new sexting laws, the article applies each of them to the facts of realistic sexting scenario. Significantly, this analysis of the laws through the lens of hypothetical fact pattern reveals that the low-tech, downstream transmission of hard copies of sexual images of minors – images that were initially transmitted by cell phones by minors – appears to escape the reach of all of the 2010 sexting laws. The article argues that this gap or loophole in the new laws should be addressed by amending them. Ultimately, the article demonstrates a distinct lack of uniformity across the sexting statutes adopted in 2010. For instance, even when it comes to what would appear to be the most objective element of the offense of sexting – the maximum age of the possible perpetrator – there is disagreement. Such disparity creates an uneven patchwork of legislation that fails to give minors proper notice of what sexting activities are permissible.

  11. 后危机时代中国高技术产品出口变化与对策%The Changes and Countermeasure of China’s High - tech Products Export from International Financial Crisis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方旖旎

    2014-01-01

    From the international financial crisis to now ,the export of China’s High - tech products export has expanded , and its international status has improved .This paper analyzes the changes and reasons about scale ,field of product technology ,export trade part-ner ,trade mode ,corporation type and product origin .On these basis , it points that government should implement commercial diplomacy , extend non - actionable subsidy and enlarge public finance investment in scientific research .And enterprises should enhance the added val-ue of the export products , and join the international strategic alliance . Then we can promote the sustained and healthy development of China’s high - tech products export .%国际金融危机爆发以来,中国高技术产品出口规模不断扩大,国际地位日益提升。本文对国际金融危机以来中国高技术产品出口规模、产品技术领域、出口市场、贸易方式、企业主体类型与来源地等5个方面的变动及其原因进行分析。为促进中国高技术产品出口持续健康发展,认为政府应实施商务外交、扩大不可申诉补贴、加大财政对科研投入力度,企业应提高出口产品附加值,加入跨国战略联盟。

  12. Impact of Multi Technological Spillover Channels on Innovation of High-tech Industry%多技术溢出渠道对我国高技术产业创新的影响分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹亮

    2011-01-01

    This paper empirically studies the impacts of national and intemational technology spillover channels, like FDI, technology import, export and public,R&D, on innovation performance of Chinese high-tech industry. The results show firm's domestic R&D investment forms the base of its innovation; public R&D of Universities and Research Institute is the key factor; participating international competition through learn-by-export is must-go of upgrading innovative capabilities. However inward FDI and technology import didn' t bring innovative imitation or leak technology to high-tech industry%本文实证分析了包括FDI、进出口和公共R&D等国内外不同技术溢出渠道对中国高技术产业的专利创新和新产品创新绩效的影响,结果表明产业自身的研发投入是产业创新的基础;高校和科研院所的公共研发是影响我国高技术产业创新的关键因素;通过出口学习参与国际市场竞争是提升产业学习能力和创新能力的必经之路;FDI流入和技术引进没有给产业带来模仿创新和技术泄露。

  13. Engineering Model of High Pressure Moist Air

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyhlík Tomáš

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the moist air equation of state. There are equations of state discussed in the article, i.e. the model of an ideal mixture of ideal gases, the model of an ideal mixture of real gases and the model based on the virial equation of state. The evaluation of sound speed based on the ideal mixture concept is mentioned. The sound speed calculated by the model of an ideal mixture of ideal gases is compared with the sound speed calculated by using the model based on the concept of an ideal mixture of real gases. The comparison of enthalpy end entropy based on the model of an ideal mixture of ideal gases and the model of an ideal mixture of real gases is performed. It is shown that the model of an ideal mixture of real gases deviates from the model of an ideal mixture of ideal gases only in the case of high pressure. An impossibility of the definition of partial pressure in the mixture of real gases is discussed, where the virial equation of state is used.

  14. Diversification Is the Need for the Existence and Development of Sci-tech Journals:A Case Study of Environmental Sanitation Engineering%开展多种经营是科技期刊生存和发展的需要--以《环境卫生工程》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艺

    2015-01-01

    从经营效益是科技期刊存在和发展的前提,国家相关政策为科技期刊开展多种经营提供了理论依据,网络对传统媒体的冲击等3方面分析了科技期刊开展多种经营的必要性。以《环境卫生工程》期刊为例,从联合办刊、广告经营、扩大发行、出版增刊等方面提出了科技期刊实现多种经营的建议方案。%The necessity of diversified operation of sci-tech journals was analyzed from the aspects of operational benefit, the premise of the journals’ existence and development,national policies,the theoretical basis for the journals’ diversified operation,and the impact of internet on traditional media. Taking Environmental Sanitation Engineering as an example,a scheme of realizing diversification of sci-tech journals were proposed , including joint operation , advertisement , expansion of distribution and supplement issues.

  15. Combining novel monitoring tools and precision application technologies for integrated high-tech crop protection in the future (a discussion document).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zijlstra, Carolien; Lund, Ivar; Justesen, Annemarie F; Nicolaisen, Mogens; Jensen, Peter Kryger; Bianciotto, Valeria; Posta, Katalin; Balestrini, Raffaella; Przetakiewicz, Anna; Czembor, Elzbieta; van de Zande, Jan

    2011-06-01

    The possibility of combining novel monitoring techniques and precision spraying for crop protection in the future is discussed. A generic model for an innovative crop protection system has been used as a framework. This system will be able to monitor the entire cropping system and identify the presence of relevant pests, diseases and weeds online, and will be location specific. The system will offer prevention, monitoring, interpretation and action which will be performed in a continuous way. The monitoring is divided into several parts. Planting material, seeds and soil should be monitored for prevention purposes before the growing period to avoid, for example, the introduction of disease into the field and to ensure optimal growth conditions. Data from previous growing seasons, such as the location of weeds and previous diseases, should also be included. During the growing season, the crop will be monitored at a macroscale level until a location that needs special attention is identified. If relevant, this area will be monitored more intensively at a microscale level. A decision engine will analyse the data and offer advice on how to control the detected diseases, pests and weeds, using precision spray techniques or alternative measures. The goal is to provide tools that are able to produce high-quality products with the minimal use of conventional plant protection products. This review describes the technologies that can be used or that need further development in order to achieve this goal.

  16. Global Rail Tech Conductor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China becomes a world leader in high-speed railway innovation after absorbing foreign technologies and making breakthroughs of its ow Most everyday train passengers don’t have time, or reason, to ponder the technicalities of the rails

  17. High-Temperature Magnetic Bearings for Gas Turbine Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    1996-01-01

    Magnetic bearings are the subject of a new NASA Lewis Research Center and U.S. Army thrust with significant industry participation, and coordination with other Government agencies. The NASA/Army emphasis is on high-temperature applications for future gas turbine engines. Magnetic bearings could increase the reliability and reduce the weight of these engines by eliminating the lubrication system. They could also increase the DN (diameter of the bearing times rpm) limit on engine speed and allow active vibration cancellation systems to be used--resulting in a more efficient, "more electric" engine. Finally, the Integrated High-Performance Turbine Engine Technology (IHPTET) Program, a joint Department of Defense/industry program, identified a need for a hightemperature (as high as 1200 F) magnetic bearing that could be demonstrated in a phase III engine. This magnetic bearing is similar to an electric motor. It has a laminated rotor and stator made of cobalt steel. Wound around the stator are a series of electrical wire coils that form a series of electric magnets around the circumference. The magnets exert a force on the rotor. A probe senses the position of the rotor, and a feedback controller keeps it in the center of the cavity. The engine rotor, bearings, and case form a flexible structure that contains a large number of modes. The bearing feedback controller, which could cause some of these modes to become unstable, could be adapted to varying flight conditions to minimize seal clearances and monitor the health of the system. Cobalt steel has a curie point greater than 1700 F, and copper wire has a melting point beyond that. Therefore, practical limitations associated with the maximum magnetic field strength in the cobalt steel and the stress in the rotating components limit the temperature to about 1200 F. The objective of this effort is to determine the limits in temperature and speed of a magnetic bearing operating in an engine. Our approach is to use our in

  18. 基于神经网络的高技术项目投资风险综合评价模型%A Neural Network-based Model for the Evaluation of the Risk of Investing in High-tech Projects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张新红

    2001-01-01

    With an analysis of the risk of investing in high-tech projects,this paper propeses a multitarget synthetic evaluation method based on neural network.The method can simulate the expert in evaluating the investing risk,thus avoiding the subjective mistakes in the evaluation process.The simulation test indicates that the results achieved by this method are satisfactory.

  19. Max Tech and Beyond: Maximizing Appliance and Equipment Efficiency by Design

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Desroches, Louis-Benoit; Garbesi, Karina

    2011-07-20

    It is well established that energy efficiency is most often the lowest cost approach to reducing national energy use and minimizing carbon emissions. National investments in energy efficiency to date have been highly cost-effective. The cumulative impacts (out to 2050) of residential energy efficiency standards are expected to have a benefit-to-cost ratio of 2.71:1. This project examined energy end-uses in the residential, commercial, and in some cases the industrial sectors. The scope is limited to appliances and equipment, and does not include building materials, building envelopes, and system designs. This scope is consistent with the scope of DOE's appliance standards program, although many products considered here are not currently subject to energy efficiency standards. How much energy could the United States save if the most efficient design options currently feasible were adopted universally? What design features could produce those savings? How would the savings from various technologies compare? With an eye toward identifying promising candidates and strategies for potential energy efficiency standards, the Max Tech and Beyond project aims to answer these questions. The analysis attempts to consolidate, in one document, the energy savings potential and design characteristics of best-on-market products, best-engineered products (i.e., hypothetical products produced using best-on-market components and technologies), and emerging technologies in research & development. As defined here, emerging technologies are fundamentally new and are as yet unproven in the market, although laboratory studies and/or emerging niche applications offer persuasive evidence of major energy-savings potential. The term 'max tech' is used to describe both best-engineered and emerging technologies (whichever appears to offer larger savings). Few best-on-market products currently qualify as max tech, since few apply all available best practices and components. The

  20. Job Future's Bright for the Chefs of Muskingum Tech.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Carl

    1993-01-01

    A two-year culinary arts program at Muskingum College (Zanesville, Ohio) prepares students for jobs in an emerging service-based economy. Students receive intensive classroom instruction and hands-on learning in a high-tech kitchen. Twenty-five full-time and 12 part-time students are completing their first year in the program. (LP)

  1. Examination of the New Tech Model as a Holistic Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley-Levine, Jill; Mosier, Gina

    2017-01-01

    Using the Degrees of Democracy Framework (Woods & Woods, 2012), we examined eight New Tech (NT) high schools to determine the extent to which they demonstrated characteristics of holistic democracy. We collected qualitative data, including observations and interviews during the fourth year of implementation. Findings indicated that the eight…

  2. 基于PanelData的金砖国家对美高技术产品出口竞争力及影响因素分析%BRIC Countries Export Competitiveness of High-tech Products to U. S. and Its Influencing Factors Analysis Based on Panel Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙莹; 李苗; 何维达

    2012-01-01

      以巴西、俄罗斯、印度、中国、南非组成的金砖国家(BRICS),作为新兴经济代表,纷纷重视高技术产品的出口竞争.2010年金砖国家高技术产品出口总值达5008亿美元,占世界高技术产品出口的22.76%,而金砖国家在美国市场高技术产品的出口竞争成为新的焦点.本文旨在比较金砖国家对美高技术产品出口竞争力影响因素,挖掘金砖国家高技术产品出口的竞争优势,并借鉴金砖国家的成功经验,为中国提出对策建议,以增强中国对美高技术产品出口竞争力.%  BRIC countries of Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa (BRICS), as representatives of the emerging economies, have paid attention to high-tech products export competitiveness. BRIC countries high-tech products export value in 2010 amounted to $ 500. 8 billion, accounting for 22. 76 percent of the world's high-tech exports, while the BRIC countries become the new focus of high-tech products export competition in the U. S. market. This article aims to compare BRIC countries on competitiveness of high-tech products export to U. S. market, explore the competitive advantage of the BRIC countries high-tech exports, and to learn from the successful expe-rience of the BRIC countries so as to put forward suggestions for China to strengthen its high-tech exports competitive.

  3. Hi-tech Flame

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    Modern science plays a crucial role in lighting the Olympic flame on the world’s highest mountain when the world saw live telecasts of the Olympic flame burning onthe top of Mount Qomolangma(Mount Everest) at 9:17 on the morning of May 8, few realized the years of work and high level of technology that had

  4. An integral safety approach for design of high risk products and systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rajabalinejad, M.; Bonnema, G.M.; Houten, van F.J.A.M.; Podofilini, Luca; Sudret, Bruno; Stojadinovic, Bozidar; Zio, Enrico; Kröger, Wolfgang

    2015-01-01

    To make the world a safer place while adapting high-end technologies, engineers have to address societal concerns about the safety of emerging high-tech systems. While adapting services provided by technology, people concern about their safety. It seems that engineers are struggling to control the f

  5. High precision module for Chaos Many-Body Engine

    CERN Document Server

    Grossu, I V; Felea, D; Jipa, Al

    2014-01-01

    In this paper we present a C# high precision relativistic many-body module integrated with Chaos Many-Body Engine. As a direct application, we used it for estimating the butterfly effect involved by the gravitational force in a specific nuclear relativistic collision toy-model.

  6. Implementing Concepts of Pharmaceutical Engineering into High School Science Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimmel, Howard; Hirsch, Linda S.; Simon, Laurent; Burr-Alexander, Levelle; Dave, Rajesh

    2009-01-01

    The Research Experience for Teachers was designed to help high school science teachers develop skills and knowledge in research, science and engineering with a focus on the area of pharmaceutical particulate and composite systems. The experience included time for the development of instructional modules for classroom teaching. Results of the…

  7. Implementing Concepts of Pharmaceutical Engineering into High School Science Classrooms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kimmel, Howard; Hirsch, Linda S.; Simon, Laurent; Burr-Alexander, Levelle; Dave, Rajesh

    2009-01-01

    The Research Experience for Teachers was designed to help high school science teachers develop skills and knowledge in research, science and engineering with a focus on the area of pharmaceutical particulate and composite systems. The experience included time for the development of instructional modules for classroom teaching. Results of the…

  8. High School Student Information Access and Engineering Design Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mentzer, Nathan

    2014-01-01

    Developing solutions to engineering design problems requires access to information. Research has shown that appropriately accessing and using information in the design process improves solution quality. This quasi-experimental study provides two groups of high school students with a design problem in a three hour design experience. One group has…

  9. The first of a series of high efficiency, high bmep, turbocharged two-stroke cycle diesel engines; the general motors EMD 645FB engine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kotlin, J.J.; Dunteman, N.R.; Scott, D.I.; Williams, H.A. Jr.

    1983-01-01

    The current Electro-Motive Division 645 Series turbocharged engines are the Model FB and EC. The FB engine combines the highest thermal efficiency with the highest specific output of any EMD engine to date. The FB Series incorporates 16:1 compression ratio with a fire ring piston and an improved turbocharger design. Engine components included in the FB engine provide very high output levels with exceptional reliability. This paper also describes the performance of the lower rated Model EC engine series which feature high thermal efficiency and utilize many engine components well proven in service and basic to the Model FB Series.

  10. Effects of Professional Development on Infusing Engineering Design into High School Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) Curricula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Avery, Zanj Kano

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of professional development (PD) on the infusion of engineering design into high school curricula. Four inservice teachers with backgrounds in physics, chemistry, industrial education, math, and electrical engineering participated in the 2006 National Center of Engineering and Technology…

  11. FY04 Engineering Technology Reports Technology Base

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sharpe, R M

    2005-01-27

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory's Engineering Directorate has two primary discretionary avenues for its investment in technologies: the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program and the ''Tech Base'' program. This volume summarizes progress on the projects funded for technology-base efforts in FY2004. The Engineering Technical Reports exemplify Engineering's more than 50-year history of researching and developing (LDRD), and reducing to practice (technology-base) the engineering technologies needed to support the Laboratory's missions. Engineering has been a partner in every major program and project at the Laboratory throughout its existence, and has prepared for this role with a skilled workforce and technical resources. This accomplishment is well summarized by Engineering's mission: ''Enable program success today and ensure the Laboratory's vitality tomorrow''. LDRD is the vehicle for creating those technologies and competencies that are cutting edge. These require a significant level of research or contain some unknown that needs to be fully understood. Tech Base is used to apply those technologies, or adapt them to a Laboratory need. The term commonly used for Tech Base projects is ''reduction to practice''. Tech Base projects effect the natural transition to reduction-to-practice of scientific or engineering methods that are well understood and established. They represent discipline-oriented, core competency activities that are multi-programmatic in application, nature, and scope. The objectives of technology-base funding include: (1) the development and enhancement of tools and processes to provide Engineering support capability, such as code maintenance and improved fabrication methods; (2) support of Engineering science and technology infrastructure, such as the installation or integration of a new capability; (3) support for technical and

  12. High Performance Computing in Science and Engineering '14

    CERN Document Server

    Kröner, Dietmar; Resch, Michael

    2015-01-01

    This book presents the state-of-the-art in supercomputer simulation. It includes the latest findings from leading researchers using systems from the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart (HLRS). The reports cover all fields of computational science and engineering ranging from CFD to computational physics and from chemistry to computer science with a special emphasis on industrially relevant applications. Presenting findings of one of Europe’s leading systems, this volume covers a wide variety of applications that deliver a high level of sustained performance. The book covers the main methods in high-performance computing. Its outstanding results in achieving the best performance for production codes are of particular interest for both scientists and   engineers. The book comes with a wealth of color illustrations and tables of results.  

  13. High-Speed Visualisation of Combustion in Modern Gasoline Engines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sauter, W.; Nauwerck, A.; Han, K.-M.; Pfeil, J.; Velji, A.; Spicher, U.

    2006-07-01

    Today research and development in the field of gasoline engines have to face a double challenge: on the one hand, fuel consumption has to be reduced, while on the other hand, ever more stringent emission standards have to be fulfilled. The development of engines with its complexity of in-cylinder processes requires modern development tools to exploit the full potential in order to reduce fuel consumption. Especially optical, non-intrusive measurement techniques will help to get a better understanding of the processes. With the presented high-speed visualisation system the electromagnetic radiation from combustion in the UV range is collected by an endoscope and transmitted to a visualisation system by 10, 000 optical fibres. The signal is projected to 1, 920 photomultipliers, which convert the optical into electric signals with a maximum temporal resolution of 200 kHz. This paper shows the systematic application of flame diagnostics in modern combustion systems. For this purpose, a single-cylinder SI engine has been modified for a spray guided combustion strategy as well as for HCCI. The characteristics of flame propagation in both combustion modes were recorded and correlated with thermodynamic analyses. In case of the spray guided GDI engine, high pressure fuel injection was applied and evaluated.

  14. A high throughput mechanical screening device for cartilage tissue engineering.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohanraj, Bhavana; Hou, Chieh; Meloni, Gregory R; Cosgrove, Brian D; Dodge, George R; Mauck, Robert L

    2014-06-27

    Articular cartilage enables efficient and near-frictionless load transmission, but suffers from poor inherent healing capacity. As such, cartilage tissue engineering strategies have focused on mimicking both compositional and mechanical properties of native tissue in order to provide effective repair materials for the treatment of damaged or degenerated joint surfaces. However, given the large number design parameters available (e.g. cell sources, scaffold designs, and growth factors), it is difficult to conduct combinatorial experiments of engineered cartilage. This is particularly exacerbated when mechanical properties are a primary outcome, given the long time required for testing of individual samples. High throughput screening is utilized widely in the pharmaceutical industry to rapidly and cost-effectively assess the effects of thousands of compounds for therapeutic discovery. Here we adapted this approach to develop a high throughput mechanical screening (HTMS) system capable of measuring the mechanical properties of up to 48 materials simultaneously. The HTMS device was validated by testing various biomaterials and engineered cartilage constructs and by comparing the HTMS results to those derived from conventional single sample compression tests. Further evaluation showed that the HTMS system was capable of distinguishing and identifying 'hits', or factors that influence the degree of tissue maturation. Future iterations of this device will focus on reducing data variability, increasing force sensitivity and range, as well as scaling-up to even larger (96-well) formats. This HTMS device provides a novel tool for cartilage tissue engineering, freeing experimental design from the limitations of mechanical testing throughput.

  15. 中国高新技术产业税收优惠政策文本量化研究%Textual and quantitative research on China's tax preferential policies for high-tech industries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄萃; 苏竣; 施丽萍; 程啸天

    2011-01-01

    Tax incentives have positive effects on promoting high-tech industries.Since mid 1980s,China has formulated a series of tax preferential policies to encourage and promote the development of relevant high-tech industries in China.About one hundred China's tax preferential policy documents on high-tech industries ranging from 1987 to 2008 are selected first time and then frequency analysis and quantitative analysis on them are conducted from four dimensions,which are annual policy promulgation,subjects of preferential policies,categories of preferential taxes,and measures of tax preferential policies.These analyses reveal the general situation of China's tax preferential policies for high-tech industries and the development process,but at the same time,it is also found that China's tax preferential policies for high-tech industries have four-category problems in enhancing China's independent innovation capability.First,these policies display an obvious time-phase characteristic and an imbalance in annual frequency and density,and consequentially their continuity and stability need to be further improved;second,benefits of tax incentives are more focused on regions and are lack of industry orientation;third,categories of preferential taxes are primarily related to income tax and VAT tax in order to support the production inputs and the transformation of research findings by innovation enterprises,and therefore these preferential polices are lack of effective incentives towards the RD process of enterprises;fourth,measures of tax incentives are mainly in the form of direct reduction of tax rate or amount,and less resort to indirect means,such as investment credits,accelerated depreciation,RD costs deduction or tax credit,technology development fund extraction,etc.Comments and suggestions are proposed in here to address these problems.%税收优惠政策在推动高新技术产业发展方面具有积极作用。从20世纪80年代中期以来,中国制定了

  16. High/variable mixture ratio O2/H2 engine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, A.; Parsley, R. C.

    1988-01-01

    Vehicle/engine analysis studies have identified the High/Dual Mixture Ratio O2/H2 Engine cycle as a leading candidate for an advanced Single Stage to Orbit (SSTO) propulsion system. This cycle is designed to allow operation at a higher than normal O/F ratio of 12 during liftoff and then transition to a more optimum O/F ratio of 6 at altitude. While operation at high mixture ratios lowers specific impulse, the resultant high propellant bulk density and high power density combine to minimize the influence of atmospheric drag and low altitude gravitational forces. Transition to a lower mixture ratio at altitude then provides improved specific impulse relative to a single mixture ratio engine that must select a mixture ratio that is balanced for both low and high altitude operation. This combination of increased altitude specific impulse and high propellant bulk density more than offsets the compromised low altitude performance and results in an overall mission benefit. Two areas of technical concern relative to the execution of this dual mixture ratio cycle concept are addressed. First, actions required to transition from high to low mixture ratio are examined, including an assessment of the main chamber environment as the main chamber mixture ratio passes through stoichiometric. Secondly, two approaches to meet a requirement for high turbine power at high mixture ratio condition are examined. One approach uses high turbine temperature to produce the power and requires cooled turbines. The other approach incorporates an oxidizer-rich preburner to increase turbine work capability via increased turbine mass flow.

  17. The Study of Extensive Comprehensive Evaluation on Credit Risk for Small and Medium High-tech Enterprises%科技型中小企业信用风险的可拓综合评价研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆军; 张洁; 王效敏

    2015-01-01

    作为科技创新和科研成果转化的有效载体,科技型中小企业近年来发展迅猛,在引领新兴产业快速发展、突破产业技术瓶颈等方面发挥着非常重要的作用,然而融资问题一直是阻碍企业成长壮大的瓶颈。究其原因,是由于科技型中小企业存在规模小、经营风险高等特点,导致银行等金融机构“惜贷”或者外部风险投资机构对其投资持非常谨慎的态度。借助可拓学理论,采用理论与实证、定性与定量相结合的研究方法,主要目的在于对科技型中小企业的信用状况进行科学评价,尽可能降低双方的信息不对称,避免产生道德风险和逆向选择,解决融资难题。%As an effective carrier of technological innovation and scientific research transformation,the small and medium high-tech enterprises are developing rapidly in recent years. They are playing an increasingly important role in leading e-merging industries,upgrading traditional industries,breaking the bottleneck of industrial technology,and bringing a strong force for the development of the national economy. However,for a long time,the financing problem has been hindering the development of enterprises,and becoming a bottleneck to business growth and expansion. The reason is due to small scale, less tangible assets,and high operational risks,which lead to 'credit crunch'of banks and other financial institutions,or very cautious attitude of the external venture capital investment. In order to reduce the information asymmetry between the two sides,avoid moral hazard and adverse selection,and solve the financing problem,there is an urgent need for scientific evaluation of credit conditions for small and medium high-tech enterprises,as the basis for external investment agencies to invest.

  18. Integrating a Single Tablet PC in Chemistry, Engineering, and Physics Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, James W.; Cox, James R.

    2008-01-01

    A tablet PC is a versatile computer that combines the computing power of a notebook with the pen functionality of a PDA (Cox and Rogers 2005b). The authors adopted tablet PC technology in order to improve the process and product of the lecture format in their chemistry, engineering, and physics courses. In this high-tech model, a single tablet PC…

  19. STEM the Tide: Reforming Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math Education in America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drew, David E.

    2011-01-01

    One study after another shows American students ranking behind their international counterparts in the STEM fields--science, technology, engineering, and math. Business people such as Bill Gates warn that this alarming situation puts the United States at a serious disadvantage in the high-tech global marketplace of the twenty-first century, and…

  20. Engaging High School Students in an Engineering Thermodynamics Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armando Paulino Preciado Babb

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Efforts for recruiting and retaining students in engineering programs are evident in many postsecondary institutions around the world. These efforts include outreach programs at both elementary and secondary school level, as well as projects that develop capacities beyond technical content—often taught as declarative and procedural knowledge. The mandate of the Galileo Education Network Association includes the design of rich learning environments engaging K – 12 students in authentic tasks: tasks that resemble the real work of professionals such as engineers. We describe the experience of enacting a seven-session engineering project in thermodynamics with Grade Ten students. Special attention is paid to formative assessment as an essential support for students' learning along the project. The initial project resulted from the collaboration—as a means for teacher professional development—between this network association and the mathematics and science teachers in a western Canadian high school. We propose that programs for teacher professional development in mathematics and science should include a focus on tasks that resemble the work of engineering in order to design authentic, engaging learning tasks, and assessing strategies that support and enhance student learning.

  1. Technology Transfer Challenges for High-Assurance Software Engineering Tools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koga, Dennis (Technical Monitor); Penix, John; Markosian, Lawrence Z.

    2003-01-01

    In this paper, we describe our experience with the challenges thar we are currently facing in our effort to develop advanced software verification and validation tools. We categorize these challenges into several areas: cost benefits modeling, tool usability, customer application domain, and organizational issues. We provide examples of challenges in each area and identrfj, open research issues in areas which limit our ability to transfer high-assurance software engineering tools into practice.

  2. Engine Oil Condition Monitoring Using High Temperature Integrated Ultrasonic Transducers

    OpenAIRE

    Jeff Bird; Cheng-Kuei Jen; Zhigang Sun; Pierre Sammut; Brian Galeote; Makiko Kobayashi; Kuo-Ting Wu; Nezih Mrad

    2011-01-01

    The present work contains two parts. In the first part, high temperature integrated ultrasonic transducers (IUTs) made of thick piezoelectric composite films, were coated directly onto lubricant oil supply and sump lines of a modified CF700 turbojet engine. These piezoelectric films were fabricated using a sol-gel spray technology. By operating these IUTs in transmission mode, the amplitude and velocity of transmitted ultrasonic waves across the flow channel of the lubricant oil in supply and...

  3. The high education of optical engineering in East China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xu; Liu, Xiangdong; Wang, Xiaoping; Bai, Jian; Liu, Yuling

    2014-07-01

    The history and the development of the high education in the field of optical engineering in the area of East China will be presented in the paper. The overall situation of research and human resource training in optics and photonics will also be reviewed, it shows that China needs lots of talents and experts in this field to support the world optical industry in East China.

  4. 破坏性领导与研发人员知识藏匿:基于本土高新技术企业的实证研究%Destructive Leadership and R & D Worker's Knowledge Hiding in High-Tech Enterprises:An Empirical Study Based on High-tech Enterprises in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵红丹; 夏青

    2016-01-01

    As a pervasive workplace phenomenon ,knowledge hiding can cause serious economic losses to companies .Based on the reciprocity theory ,this paper built the concept model of destructive leadership and R&D worker's knowledge hiding of high‐tech enterprise from the perspective of interpersonal interaction .It tests it by means of 253 samples from local high‐tech firms .Results of the analyses suggest that destructive leadership has a positive impact on knowledge hiding .In addition ,negative reciprocity has obvious function of adjusting the effect of destructive leadership on know ledge hiding .%知识藏匿现象在组织中普遍存在,而且会给组织造成严重的经济损失。基于互惠理论,从人际互动视角探讨了破坏性领导对研发人员知识藏匿的影响,尤其是消极互惠在其中的调节作用。选取253个本土高新技术企业作为研究样本进行了实证研究,结果发现:破坏性领导会导致研发人员知识藏匿的发生,但对消极互惠规范倾向高的研发人员而言,二者关系较强;对消极互惠规范倾向低的研发人员而言,二者关系较弱。

  5. Information literacy training in AgroParisTech food studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnès Grimal

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available AgroParisTech professors and librarians in Food Science and Technology have developed information literacy instruction to help students find and use relevant information. The course trains students to develop information literacy competencies: to identify the information needed and define its nature and extent; to access the information with efficiency because they select and use methods, resources and retrieval systems most appropriate to the topic; to evaluate the used methods, information, and sources; to search, access and use information ethically and legally; to read, use and write bibliographic references.AgroParisTech trains two kinds of students. For Higher Education students (engineering students, the training takes place at their arrival in AgroParisTech, including courses and practical classes: role and management of information in organizations; information on plagiarism; resources in environment, food science and technology; use of relevant tools and methods for searching in databases; reference writing.For students attending a Master of Science, the training prepares them to produce a literature review. The curriculum includes: information about scientific integrity, plagiarism; information needed for a researcher; critical reading of a journal article; how to manage a literature review: resources used, information search with databases, full text access; reference writing.The students will use these information literacy skills along their studies as well as in their future jobs.

  6. Hi-tech Researches Speed up Scientific and Technological Innovations of CNOOC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong Weiliang; Wang Weiyuan

    2007-01-01

    @@ The scientific and technological development of CNOOC Limited entered a new stage during the Tenth Five-Year Plan period. High-tech researches in the company have catalyzed the technological innovation of the offshore petroleum industry.

  7. FRIDAY: EPA Administrator Visiting Georgia Tech to Discuss Manufacturing Innovation and Environmental Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    ATLANTA - On Friday, EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy will visit Georgia Tech to speak about the connection between manufacturing innovation and environmental sustainability. McCarthy will meet with more than 50 high school students and faculty parti

  8. 优势高技术金属矿产资源的策略性均衡价格及数值模拟%Strategic equilibrium price analysis and numerical simulation of preponderant high-tech metal mineral resources

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟美瑞; 谌杰宇; 朱学红; 黄健柏

    2013-01-01

    针对优势高技术金属矿产资源开发补偿价值体系及定价机制的扭曲,构建社会效用函数修正优势高技术金属矿产资源开发商决策效用函数,并把社会效用函数延伸到优势高技术金属矿产资源开发的斯坦克尔伯格产出决策博弈模型中。分析利他、非公平厌恶及序贯互动公平信念均衡对市场垄断程度的影响,进而分析产量与价格的变动趋势,并获得具有实验经济学意义的博弈公平均衡。通过数值模拟对博弈公平均衡进行算例验证。首次提出用生产者剩余变化来测度心理偏好产生的策略性价值的测度方法,为优势高技术金属矿产资源开发补偿价值体系完善提供技术支撑。%Based on exploitation compensation value system of preponderant high-tech metal mineral resources and distortion of pricing mechanism, social utility function was constructed to modify decision utility function of developers, and was extended to Stackelberg production decision model of preponderant high-tech metal mineral resources development. Analyzing the influences on market monopoly, output and price decision-making exerted by altruistic preferences, inequity aversion and sequential reciprocity fairness belief equilibrium, game fairness equilibrium which is significant in experimental economics can be obtained and verified by numerical simulation. In process of strategic pricing, method that uses the variation of producer surplus to measure strategic value from psychological preferences was proposed for the first time and technical support to improve exploitation compensation value system of preponderant metal mineral resources was available.

  9. Site Selection Evaluation of Chinese High-tech Industry Based on AHP%基于层次分析法的我国高新技术产业选址决策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫伟; 胡登峰

    2013-01-01

    在我国实施创新驱动发展战略的背景下,运用层次分析法对我国高新技术产业的优化选址问题进行研究。以四个经济区域为选址对象,构建了以人力资源市场、产学研技术支持、地方政府政策、原材料供应情况、交通区位优势、区域生活幸福指数、区域金融机构放贷政策、区域创新网络建设、区域产业发展饱和度等9个准则的判断矩阵。经过MATLAB软件的计算,得出高新技术产业选址排列的优先顺序:合芜蚌新区、天津滨海新区、成渝经济区、浦东新区。最后简要分析原因并指出研究不足。%Under the in novation-driven development strategy,the paper studies the site selection issue for high-tech industries by using AHP. Four economic areas are taken as objects. The paper constructs a judg-ment matrix with nine factors including human resources market,research support,local government policies, raw materials supply,transport location advantages,regional happiness index,regional financial institutions lending policies,regional innovation network construction,and regional industrial development saturation. Through calculation with MATLAB software,we get a priority for the site selection of high-tech industries a-mong the four areas:Hefei-wuhu-bengbu new area,Tianjin-binhai new area and Pudong new area. Finally the reasons and the defects of the research are proposed.

  10. On High-tech Product Design Path:Taking Tesla Motors as an Example%高新技术产品设计方案的实现路径研究--以特斯拉汽车为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏宇

    2014-01-01

    在国家积极推进自主创新,促进设计服务与高新技术产业融合的背景下,特斯拉电动汽车作为一个高新技术产品,在新能源汽车市场和前景不容乐观的时候横空出世并取得辉煌成绩,其成功之路无疑值得探讨。从“大设计”的角度,以计划、组织、领导、控制为脉络,以创新分析为重点,变通运用SET模型和ISCO四维结构模型,从设计方案的诞生、设计方案实现的投入、创新主体、创新内容以及创新产出五个维度,对特斯拉汽车的成功路径进行剖析,展现特斯拉如何将工业设计与现代技术、管理、营销等领域完美融合的过程。%Tesla electric car as a high-tech product made brilliant achievements at a time when new energy vehicle market is not optimistic. With a background of China actively promoting independent innovation and integration of design services with high-tech industry, it’s important to study the success of Tesla. From the "big design" perspective, the paper takes planning, organizing, leading, controlling as context, with a focus on innovation analysis. It uses the SET and ISCO model structural to analyze the successful road of Tesla Motors from the birth of the design plan, the investment, innovation subjects, innovative contents and innovation outputs, which shows the perfect process of the fusion of the industrial design with modern technology, management, marketing and other areas by Tesla motors.

  11. High-Tech, Low-Tech, No-Tech: Communications Strategies During Blackouts

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    straight-line “ derecho ”1 windstorms hit the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. In the National Capital Region (NCR), many residents lost...flooding (Grand Forks, North Dakota, 1997), rolling blackouts (California, 2001), multi-state power outage (Ohio and seven other 1 “ Derecho ” is a...flawlessly throughout the 2012 “super- derecho ”20 storm event.21 During its 2012 typhoon, the government of the Philippines used Twitter to

  12. The FinTech phenomenon: antecedents of financial innovation perceived by the popular press

    OpenAIRE

    Zavolokina, Liudmila; Dolata, Mateusz; Schwabe, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    The financial industry has been strongly influenced by digitalization in the past few years reflected by the emergence of “FinTech,” which represents the marriage of “finance” and “information technology.” FinTech provides opportunities for the creation of new services and business models and poses challenges to traditional financial service providers. Therefore, FinTech has become a subject of debate among practitioners, investors, and researchers and is highly visible in the popular media. ...

  13. The FinTech phenomenon: antecedents of financial innovation perceived by the popular press

    OpenAIRE

    Zavolokina, Liudmila; Dolata, Mateusz; Schwabe, Gerhard

    2016-01-01

    The financial industry has been strongly influenced by digitalization in the past few years reflected by the emergence of “FinTech,” which represents the marriage of “finance” and “information technology.” FinTech provides opportunities for the creation of new services and business models and poses challenges to traditional financial service providers. Therefore, FinTech has become a subject of debate among practitioners, investors, and researchers and is highly visible in the popular media. ...

  14. Research on the Spatial-temporal Evolution of Performances of High-tech Zones in China and Spillovers of International Trade%中国高新区绩效的时空演化及贸易溢出效应研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜彩楼; 徐康宁; 朱琴

    2012-01-01

    采用基于DEA的Malmquist指数及VAR模型研究了我国52个国家级高新区1996-2009年的绩效演进情况,并对相应的贸易溢出效应进行了研究。结果表明:①高新区TFP指数呈上升趋势,其中,“增长效应”在发展初期对于高新区绩效的贡献较为突出,而在后期则是“追赶效应”的贡献更加显著。②东部高新区TC指数要高于中西部地区,而Ec指数要弱于中西部高新区。③高新技术产品产业内贸易的活跃无法显著提升高新区的绩效,而劳动力的比较优势和汇率条件的作用比较显著。高新区应该充分利用既有优势,通过吸引关键技术等手段提高国际竞争力。%The purpose of this paper is to analyze the spatial-temporal evolution of 52 nation-grade high-tech zones with MPI based on DEA from 1996 to 2009,and the spillovers of international trade is be tested in this paper with VAR. Results show that TFP of high-tech zones ascended in research intervals. Growth effect contributed more to TFP in former phase while catching-up effect contributed more in later phase. In different regions, TC promoted quickly in east high-tech zones while EC promoted quickly in middle and west high-tech zones. Tests of VAR show that intra-industry trade can't promote TFP of high-tech zones, while labors and exchange rates contribute notable to TFP. Government should guide the high-tech zones to innovative parks based on scientific management institutions and industry system based on certain advantages.

  15. Empirical Research on International Technology Spillover to Technical Innovation Performance of Beijing' s High-tech Industries%国际性技术外溢对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张经强

    2013-01-01

    In this paper, the author exercises panel data model, uses software Eviews 6. 0, studies empirically the effects on the international technology spillover to the technical innovation performance of Beijing's high - tech industries, and obtains the technical innovation performance models of Beijing' s high - tech industries and panel data regression results. The results show that the promotion of the technical innovation performance of Beijing' s high - tech industries depends on R&D expenditure input of the enterprises. The input of high - tech staff, the utilization of FDI and the increasing of volume of export trade will also play certain promotion effects on the promotion of the technical innovation performance of Beijing' s high - tech industries. But, the technology spillover of FDI and export trade will play the impeding role when the government promotes the technical innovation performance of Beijing's high - tech industries through increasing the quality and level of new products and new technologies.%采用面板数据模型方法,运用Eviews6.0软件,针对国际性技术外溢对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的影响进行实证研究,得出北京高技术产业技术创新绩效模型和面板数据回归结果.结果表明,北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的提升主要依靠企业研发经费的投入,高科技人员投入、FDI利用和出口贸易额的增加也会对北京高技术产业技术创新绩效的提升起到一定的促进作用,但当通过提高新产品、新技术的质量和层次来提升北京高技术产业技术创新绩效时,FDI和出口贸易的技术溢出会起阻碍作用.

  16. Potential and Challenges of Low-Cost and High-Tech Crowd-sensing Approaches in Hydrometeorology for Better Water Resources Management - Insights and Learnings from the Global iMoMo Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegfried, Tobias

    2016-04-01

    In developing and transition countries and despite significant global investments in hydrometeorology, data on water remain scarce/fragmented. One key reason is that traditional sensing in hydrology, hydro- and agro-meteorology does not scale because of high investment costs and difficult maintenance of traditional technology, esp. in remote and/or poor regions. Even where there are data, these are often difficult to access and interpret for local stakeholders due outdated data transmission and the lack of access to modern tools for data management/analysis/synthesis and exchange. In recent years, there have been substantial technology developments in environmental sensing and mobile communication technology that enable the application and deployment of affordable and scalable high-tech solutions for better water monitoring at different scales (local to transboundary levels). The WMO is acknowledging and promoting the potential for application of these technologies. One key aspect is to anchor these technologies in local communities that perform crowd-sensing tasks on a regular basis. The merits as well as challenges (including introduction of human factor, less accuracy as compared to traditional sensing, intermittency of data, …) of such approaches will be discussed in the context of the WMO-led Global iMoMo Initiative and its numerous activities on the ground in Eastern and Southern Africa as well as in Central Asia.

  17. TRAINING EMPLOYEES TO WORK WITH HI-TECH EQUIPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Dremina

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to describe a research relying on the capabilities of networking, which improves the quality of vocational training of skilled workers that are intended to work with new hi-tech equipment.Methods. Methods of system and comparative analysis, modeling, synthesis and generalization are used. Specification of the model of workers training offered by authors is carried out on the basis of deep interviews to experts – the representatives of the large enterprises who are carrying out training of the personnel.Results. Social and pedagogical contradictions are revealed, on the one hand, in the growing need for highly professional personnel for hi-tech productions, and, on the other hand, in insufficiently effective countermeasures of the system of vocational education and training on closing actual requirements of productions. The discrepancies reducing the quality of preparation of skilled workers are revealed by comparative analysis of competences based on an ideal competence model of the trainer and teacher of VET with the competences presented in educational both professional standards and the discussed projects. Characteristics of the existing pedagogical process in the hi-tech production environment are described. For the purpose of quality improvement of the pedagogical process, the network format of interactions of the enterprise, educational and the business organizations is offered.Scientific novelty. The concept «pedagogical process» for the purpose of making it more instrumental is specified; it joins a technological process and the design of its ideal model for the hi-tech production environment. The unique network project including design and development of innovative manuals and teaching materials for the welding equipment of Fronius International GmbH.Practical significance. The research results can be useful to the management of staff development and career advancement of hi-tech productions, and VET

  18. High temperature integrated ultrasonic transducers for engine condition monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kobayashi, M.; Jen, C.K. [National Research Council of Canada, Boucherville, PQ (Canada). Industrial Materials Inst.; Wu, K.T. [McGill Univ., Montreal, PQ (Canada). Dept. of Electrical and Computer Engineering; Bird, J.; Galeote, B. [National Research Council of Canada, Ottawa, ON (Canada). Inst. for Aerospace Research; Mrad, N. [Department of National Defence, Ottawa, ON (Canada). Air Vehicles Research Station

    2009-07-01

    Piezoelectric ultrasonic transducers (UTs) are used for real-time, in-situ or off-line nondestructive evaluation (NDE) of large metallic structures such as airplanes, automobiles, ships, pressure vessels and pipelines because of their subsurface inspection capability, fast inspection speed, simplicity and cost-effectiveness. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate effective integrated ultrasonic transducers (IUT) technology to perform non-intrusive engine NDE and structural health monitoring (SHM). High temperature IUTs made of bismuth titanate piezoelectric film greater than 50 {mu}m in thickness were coated directly onto a modified CF700 turbojet engine outer casing, oil sump and supply lines and gaskets using sol-gel spray technology. The assessment was limited to temperatures up to 500 degrees C. The center frequencies of the IUTs were approximately 10 to 17 MHz. Ultrasonic signals obtained in pulse/echo measurements were excellent. High temperature ultrasonic performance will likely be obtained in the transmission mode as well. The potential applications of the developed IUTs include non-intrusive real-time temperature, lubricant oil quality and metal debris monitoring within a turbojet engine environment. 9 refs., 13 figs.

  19. High frequency techniques an introduction to RF and microwave engineering

    CERN Document Server

    White, Joseph F

    2004-01-01

    A practical guide for today's wireless engineerHigh Frequency Techniques: An Introduction to RF and Microwave Engineering is a clearly written classical circuit and field theory text illustrated with modern computer simulation software. The book's ten chapters cover: *The origins and current uses of wireless transmission *A review of AC analysis, Kirchhoff's laws, RLC elements, skin effect, and introduction to the use of computer simulation software*Resonators, Q definitions, and Q-based impedance matching *Transmission lines, waves, VSWR, reflection phenomena, Fano's reflection bandwidth limits, telegrapher, and impedance transformation equations*Development and in-depth use of the Smith Chart *Matrix algebra with Z, Y, ABCD, S, and T matrix applications*An unusually thorough introduction to electromagnetic field theory, step-by-step development of vector calculus, Maxwell's equations, waveguides, propagation, and antennas*Backward wave, branch line, rat race and Wilkinson couplers, impedance measurements, a...

  20. An Engineering Technology Skills Framework that Reflects Workforce Needs on Maui and the Big Island of Hawai'i

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seagroves, S.; Hunter, L.

    2010-12-01

    The Akamai Workforce Initiative (AWI) is an interdisciplinary effort to improve science/engineering education in the state of Hawai'i, and to train a diverse population of local students in the skills needed for a high-tech economy. In 2009, the AWI undertook a survey of industry partners on Maui and the Big Island of Hawai'i to develop an engineering technology skills framework that will guide curriculum development at the U. of Hawai'i - Maui (formerly Maui Community College). This engineering skills framework builds directly on past engineering-education developments within the Center for Adaptive Optics Professional Development Program, and draws on curriculum development frameworks and engineering skills standards from the literature. Coupling that previous work with reviews of past Akamai Internship projects and information from previous conversations with the local high-tech community led to a structured-interview format where engineers and managers could contribute meaningful commentary to this framework. By incorporating these local high-tech companies' needs for entry-level engineers and technicians, a skills framework emerges that is unique and illuminating. Two surprising features arise in this framework: (1) "technician-like" skills of making existing technology work are on similar footing with "engineer-like" skills of creating new technology; in fact, both engineers and technicians at these workplaces use both sets of skills; and (2) project management skills are emphasized by employers even for entry-level positions.

  1. Engineering Escherichia coli for high-level production of propionate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akawi, Lamees; Srirangan, Kajan; Liu, Xuejia; Moo-Young, Murray; Perry Chou, C

    2015-07-01

    Mounting environmental concerns associated with the use of petroleum-based chemical manufacturing practices has generated significant interest in the development of biological alternatives for the production of propionate. However, biological platforms for propionate production have been limited to strict anaerobes, such as Propionibacteria and select Clostridia. In this work, we demonstrated high-level heterologous production of propionate under microaerobic conditions in engineered Escherichia coli. Activation of the native Sleeping beauty mutase (Sbm) operon not only transformed E. coli to be propionogenic (i.e., propionate-producing) but also introduced an intracellular "flux competition" between the traditional C2-fermentative pathway and the novel C3-fermentative pathway. Dissimilation of the major carbon source of glycerol was identified to critically affect such "flux competition" and, therefore, propionate synthesis. As a result, the propionogenic E. coli was further engineered by inactivation or overexpression of various genes involved in the glycerol dissimilation pathways and their individual genetic effects on propionate production were investigated. Generally, knocking out genes involved in glycerol dissimilation (except glpA) can minimize levels of solventogenesis and shift more dissimilated carbon flux toward the C3-fermentative pathway. For optimal propionate production with high C3:C2-fermentative product ratios, glycerol dissimilation should be channeled through the respiratory pathway and, upon suppressed solventogenesis with minimal production of highly reduced alcohols, the alternative NADH-consuming route associated with propionate synthesis can be critical for more flexible redox balancing. With the implementation of various biochemical and genetic strategies, high propionate titers of more than 11 g/L with high yields up to 0.4 g-propionate/g-glycerol (accounting for ~50 % of dissimilated glycerol) were achieved, demonstrating the

  2. Low Tech Hacking Street Smarts for Security Professionals

    CERN Document Server

    Wiles, Jack; Jabbusch, Jennifer; Rogers, Russ; Lowther, Sean

    2011-01-01

    Criminals using hacking techniques can cost corporations, governments, and individuals millions of dollars each year. While the media focuses on the grand-scale attacks that have been planned for months and executed by teams and countries, there are thousands more that aren't broadcast. Low Tech Hacking focuses on the everyday hacks that, while simple in nature, actually add up to the most significant losses. Attackers are using common techniques like social engineering, wireless hacking, and targeting and surveillance to gain access to valuable data. This book contains detailed descriptions

  3. Black Hole - Neutron Star Binary Simulations at Georgia Tech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haas, Roland

    2009-05-01

    Mixed compact object binaries consisting of a black hole and a neutron star are expected to be not only one of the primary sources of gravitational radiation to be observed by interferometric detectors but also the central engine of short gamma-ray bursts. We report on the status of our effort at Georgia Tech to model these mixed binary systems using the moving puncture method. The results are obtained with an enhanced version our vacuum MayaKranc code coupled to the hydrodynamics Whisky code. We present preliminary results of gravitational waveforms and the disruption of the neutron star for simple polytropic equations of state.

  4. Prep/Tech: Volume 1, No. 1, Youth on homelessness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-12-31

    PREP/TECH is a skill development, academic enrichment program of U. of Toledo in Toledo OH and The Engineers Foundation of Ohio; it addresses the mathematics, science, language, and intellectual needs of about 100 African-American and Hispanic-American 7th, 8th, and 9th graders in Toledo. This summer, after 3 weeks of classes, the 80 students returned for a second 3 week session and were divided into two groups, one studying the growing problem of homelessness in America. This group researched and published a pamphlet on homelessness. This report is divided into: myths, causes, descriptions, and solutions. Finally, a brief account is given of the homelessness project.

  5. NASA Tech Briefs, March 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Topics include: Advanced Systems for Monitoring Underwater Sounds; Wireless Data-Acquisition System for Testing Rocket Engines; Processing Raw HST Data With Up-to-Date Calibration Data; Mobile Collection and Automated Interpretation of EEG Data; System for Secure Integration of Aviation Data; Servomotor and Controller Having Large Dynamic Range; Digital Multicasting of Multiple Audio Streams; Translator for Optimizing Fluid-Handling Components; AIRSAR Web-Based Data Processing; Pattern Matcher for Trees Constructed From Lists; Reducing a Knowledge-Base Search Space When Data Are Missing; Ground-Based Correction of Remote-Sensing Spectral Imagery; State-Chart Autocoder; Pointing History Engine for the Spitzer Space Telescope; Low-Friction, High-Stiffness Joint for Uniaxial Load Cell; Magnet-Based System for Docking of Miniature Spacecraft; Electromechanically Actuated Valve for Controlling Flow Rate; Plumbing Fixture for a Microfluidic Cartridge; Camera Mount for a Head-Up Display; Core-Cutoff Tool; Recirculation of Laser Power in an Atomic Fountain; Simplified Generation of High-Angular-Momentum Light Beams; Imaging Spectrometer on a Chip; Interferometric Quantum-Nondemolition Single-Photon Detectors; Ring-Down Spectroscopy for Characterizing a CW Raman Laser; Complex Type-II Interband Cascade MQW Photodetectors; Single-Point Access to Data Distributed on Many Processors; Estimating Dust and Water Ice Content of the Martian Atmosphere From THEMIS Data; Computing a Stability Spectrum by Use of the HHT; Theoretical Studies of Routes to Synthesis of Tetrahedral N4; Estimation Filter for Alignment of the Spitzer Space Telescope; Antenna for Measuring Electric Fields Within the Inner Heliosphere; Improved High-Voltage Gas Isolator for Ion Thruster; and Hybrid Mobile Communication Networks for Planetary Exploration.

  6. Cosmological Evolution of the Central Engine in High-Luminosity, High-Accretion Rate AGN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Guainazzi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I discuss the status of observational studies aiming at probing the cosmological evolution of the central engine in high-luminosity, high-accretion rate Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN. X-ray spectroscopic surveys, supported by extensive multi-wavelength coverage, indicate a remarkable invariance of the accretion disk plus corona system, and of their coupling up to redshifts z≈6. Furthermore, hard X-ray (E >10 keV surveys show that nearby Seyfert Galaxies share the same central engine notwithstanding their optical classication. These results suggest that the high-luminosity, high accretion rate quasar phase of AGN evolution is homogeneous over cosmological times.

  7. Math, Science, and Engineering Integration in a High School Engineering Course: A Qualitative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valtorta, Clara G.; Berland, Leema K.

    2015-01-01

    Engineering in K-12 classrooms has been receiving expanding emphasis in the United States. The integration of science, mathematics, and engineering is a benefit and goal of K-12 engineering; however, current empirical research on the efficacy of K-12 science, mathematics, and engineering integration is limited. This study adds to this growing…

  8. 在高新技术企业中建立团队网络组织的研究%A Study on Establishing Team-net Organization in New-high Tech Enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈启勇; 华宏鸣

    2001-01-01

    It introduces the background and basic content of the organization theory of team-net,and the principle of its formulation;describes the influence of team-net organization to the new product development,technological innovation,and the development of new-high tech enterprises;analyzes the development trend of this type of organization,which is to form team-net cooperation among enterprises;and then discusses the necessity and possibility of establishing team-net in Chinese enterprises in this paper.%讨论了团队网络组织理论形成的背景、基本内容和组建原则,论述了团队网络组织对新产品开发、技术创新和高新技术企业发展的影响;这一组织形式的发展趋势——组建企业间的团队网络合作。最后讨论了团队网络组织在国内企业中实施的必要性和可能性。

  9. 高新技术产品出口管制对一国产品创新的影响%Impact of High-tech Product Export Regulation on Country's Product Innovation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张群卉

    2012-01-01

    Based on the horizontal innovation model constructed by Grossman and Helpman,this paper analyzes the impact of country's export regulation on high-tech product innovation. The result shows as follows:if the seller donrt change product price,the moderate export regulation would benefit product innovation, while the harsh export regulation would do harm to product innovation:if the added cost is burden by the cus- tomer,export regulation would benefit product innovation.%基于Grossman和Helpman的水平创新理论,构建了一国的高新技术产品出口管制影响其产品创新的模型。结果表明:在企业不改变产品价格的情况下,适度的出口管制有利于本国的产品创新,但过于严格的出口管制会妨碍本国的产品创新;在消费者支出不变的情况下,如果企业提升产品价格,则出口管制会加快创新速度。

  10. 科技型中小企业国际化成长能力评价研究%The Evaluation on Capability of Internationalization Growth of High -tech SMEs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王媛; 薛梦菲

    2014-01-01

    以平衡计分卡和三重底线思想为理论基础,建立我国科技型中小企业国际化成长能力的六维评价体系。指标包括财务、客户、内部流程、利益相关者、学习创新、成长能力六个方面,运用网络分析法(ANP)和超级决策软件确定权重系数,得到企业国际化成长能力等级。%Based on the philosophy of the Balanced Scorecard and Triple Bottom Line,this dissertation established a six -dimensional evaluation system to appraise the capability of internationalization growth of Chinese High -tech SMEs.The es-timation was from six aspects which were finance,customer,internal processes,stakeholders,innovation and the ability of growth.Then,we used ANP and Super Decisions software to determine the weighting factor.Ultimately it got the level of the capability of international growth.

  11. 装甲装备高新技术系统维修方案决策经济性分析%Economic Analysis of Maintenance Plan Decision Making for High Tech System of Armored Equipment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓峰

    2015-01-01

    针对装甲装备高新技术系统维修过程中维修方案决策的经济性分析仍缺乏有效方法的现状,本文以实际维修的三级结构出发进行了经济性分析。首先分析了可行决策的描述方式和决策事件,然后建立了费用估算模型,并结合装甲装备火控系统的维修进行了实例分析,结果表明,本文提出的维修方案决策的经济性分析方法合理有效。%In view of the economic analysis of maintenance plan decision making in the maintenance process of the high tech system of armored equipment, this paper carries out the economic analysis on the three level structure of the actual maintenance. Firstly, the description method and decision event of feasible decision are analyzed, then the cost estimation model is established. An example analysis of the maintenance of the fire control system of armored equipment is carried out, and the results show that the method of economic analysis of maintenance plan decision is reasonable and effective.

  12. The Legality of the Government’s Reform and Innovation from the “New Model” of Settling Down of the Farmers of Xi’an High-tech Zone

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianli Hui

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available China is now in a special stage of economic and social transferring. The reform and innovation needs stimulation and encouragement. The government’s exploration and practice in the usage of land should be taken with a tolerant view. The high-tech region of Xi’an takes a “comprehensive compensation” new model in the settling of the farmers, which adopts public, transparent, equal, fast and effective ways to protect the interest of the farmers, has been warmly welcomed and keep balance of the interests of the parties concerned. However in the practice there exist phenomena that do not go with public interest, do harm to the benefit of the farmers, and the role of the government misplaced, which publicly criticized. Through thorough study, the author of this paper believes that the new model of reform and innovation has a good result and can stimulate the smoothness of the development of the society, and in legal theory it has got lawfulness, so it needs to be explained in its value and in the precinct of public interest, in practice importance should be attached to its pre-conditions.

  13. Matter Element Extension Assessment Models of the Risks in High-tech Virtual Enterprise%高技术虚拟企业风险的可拓物元评估模型

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高长元; 王晓明; 李红霞

    2011-01-01

    高技术虚拟企业风险的量化是管理高技术虚拟企业风险的关键,针对风险因素权重的主观性特点,在分析其他学者对风险量化的基础上,采用可拓物元分析方法对风险因素权重进行修正,以提高各风险因素权重的客观性,并利用可拓物元理论对高技术虚似企业风险进行了评估.%The quantization of risks is core for risk management of high-tech virtual enterprise. According to the characteristics that the weights of risk factors are subjective, and analyzing of other scholars on the basis of quantitative risk. This paper investigates matter element extension assessment models to revise the weights of risk factors, improve the objectivity of each risk factor weight, and then enable the risk assessment of HTVE more precise.

  14. 海南荣丰花卉苗木高新技术产业园规划设计%The Planning and Design on Flowers Nursery Stock High-Tech Industrial Park of Rongfeng in Hainan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆禹; 陈彩虹; 周丹华; 毛旭鹏; 孟伟

    2013-01-01

    According to Flowers Nursery Stock High -Tech Industrial Park of Rongfeng in Hainan and flowers nursery stock industry developmental status , with multidisciplinary theory and constructed the modern flowers nursery stock industrial park by considering the factors such as product production , market demand , related policy , natural condition , and cultural characteristics , planning a modern flowers nursery into product production , new product development , trade entails and logistics , sightseeing and expo , enter-tainment, wedding and holiday , reception and training .Which provided references for the planning and design of flowers nursery stock industry park .%从海南荣丰花卉苗木高新技术产业园和海南花卉苗木产业现状分析出发,结合多学科理论,综合考虑产品生产、市场需求、相关政策、自然条件、文化特色等因素,将园区规划为集产品生产、新产品研发、交易物流、观光博览、娱乐休闲、婚庆度假、接待培训等多功能为一体的现代化花卉苗木产业园,可为花卉苗木产业园的规划设计提供借鉴。

  15. 仲恺高新区10种土壤重金属含量及形态分布特征%Analysis on Content and Distribution of Heavy Metals in Zhongkai High-tech Area in Huizhou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国莉; 范红英; 陈孟君; 宋冠华; 朱红颖

    2015-01-01

    为了解惠州仲恺高新区土壤中重金属的含量及形态分布特征,在高新区两个园区(仲恺高新科技产业园、东江高新科技产业园)分6种土壤样本布设51个采样点,用五步连续提取法提取不同形态的重金属,ICP-AES检测重金属的含量. 结果发现,整个高新区土壤中Cr、Pb、Fe、Zn、Ti的含量低于全国土壤背景值,而A1区(生产基地中部,农用土)、A2区(生产基地边缘,农用土)、A3区(自然村,农用土)、A4区(靠近铁路,农用土)以及A5区(靠近铁路公路,道路旁泥土)的As、Co、Cu、Mn、Ni 5种重金属含量高于全国土壤背景值.A4和A5区的重金属含量较其他区域高.形态分析发现,10种重金属的残渣态比例较大,Pb和Mn的可交换态比例明显高于其他8种重金属, 容易引起生态危害,Cr、Ti和Fe基本上都是以残渣态存在,存在生态危害的风险较低,对Cu、Co、Ni、As、Zn则需要进一步定点分析. 除Ti和Fe外,重金属的残渣态比例与土壤类型具有相关性, 靠近公路和铁路的交通繁华区, 土壤重金属残渣态比例较低;但在农业生产区域,土壤重金属残渣态比例较高.%Content and speciation analysis on heavy metals in Zhongkai Hi-tech Zone were analyzed in this study. Soil of Zhongkai High-Tech Industrial Park and East River high-tech industrial park wereclassified into 6 types and 53 samples were collected across all soil types. The method of five-step sequential extraction was used to extract different morphology of heavy metals.Content of heavy metals was detected with ICP-AES.Results showed that contents of Cr、Pb、Fe、Zn、Ti were not out of limits of the national standard in the whole Zhongkai Hi-tech Zone. However,contents of As,Co,Cu,Mn and Ni were higher than the national standard in A1 (agricultural soil in the middle of production base),A2 (agricultural soil at the edge of production base), A3 (agricultural soil of natural villages),A4 (agricultural

  16. Effects of Employee Entrepreneurship in High-tech Industries and Policy Selection%科技企业员工离职创业的效应分析及政策选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈颉

    2012-01-01

    It is a common phenomenon that hightech employees leave parent firms to found new venture in correlative industry. Spin - offs show double effects. The positive role is speeding up the technology innovation and reform, promoting economic development, increasing the efficiency of human resource deployment. However, Spin - off activities make employee flow and infringe intellectual property rights. Policy makers have to balance protecting the active innovation of established enterprise and promoting spin - off activities to bring the lasting growth.%高科技企业员工离职后在同一行业内创业已成为普遍现象.从现有企业衍生出新企业有双重效应,一方面创业活动促进了产业创新和地区经济发展,提高了人力资源配置效率,但同时也影响着现有企业的创新动力,损害社会福利.相关部门应综合考虑这些效应,通过政策来平衡保护现有企业与鼓励创业行为之间的矛盾.

  17. A community-based, interdisciplinary rehabilitation engineering course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundy, Mary; Aceros, Juan

    2016-08-01

    A novel, community-based course was created through collaboration between the School of Engineering and the Physical Therapy program at the University of North Florida. This course offers a hands-on, interdisciplinary training experience for undergraduate engineering students through team-based design projects where engineering students are partnered with physical therapy students. Students learn the process of design, fabrication and testing of low-tech and high-tech rehabilitation technology for children with disabilities, and are exposed to a clinical experience under the guidance of licensed therapists. This course was taught in two consecutive years and pre-test/post-test data evaluating the impact of this interprofessional education experience on the students is presented using the Public Service Motivation Scale, Civic Actions Scale, Civic Attitudes Scale, and the Interprofessional Socialization and Valuing Scale.

  18. High temperature gas dynamics an introduction for physicists and engineers

    CERN Document Server

    Bose, Tarit K

    2014-01-01

    High Temperature Gas Dynamics is a primer for scientists, engineers, and students who would like to have a basic understanding of the physics and the behavior of high-temperature gases. It is a valuable tool for astrophysicists as well. The first chapters treat the basic principles of quantum and statistical mechanics and how to derive thermophysical properties from them. Special topics are included that are rarely found in other textbooks, such as the thermophysical and transport properties of multi-temperature gases and a novel method to compute radiative transfer. Furthermore, collision processes between different particles are discussed. Separate chapters deal with the production of high-temperature gases and with electrical emission in plasmas, as well as related diagnostic techniques.This new edition adds over 100 pages and includes the following updates: several sections on radiative properties of high temperature gases and various radiation models, a section on shocks in magneto-gas-dynamics, a sectio...

  19. Engine Oil Condition Monitoring Using High Temperature Integrated Ultrasonic Transducers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeff Bird

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The present work contains two parts. In the first part, high temperature integrated ultrasonic transducers (IUTs made of thick piezoelectric composite films, were coated directly onto lubricant oil supply and sump lines of a modified CF700 turbojet engine. These piezoelectric films were fabricated using a sol-gel spray technology. By operating these IUTs in transmission mode, the amplitude and velocity of transmitted ultrasonic waves across the flow channel of the lubricant oil in supply and sump lines were measured during engine operation. Results have shown that the amplitude of the ultrasonic waves is sensitive to the presence of air bubbles in the oil and that the ultrasound velocity is linearly dependent on oil temperature. In the second part of the work, the sensitivity of ultrasound to engine lubricant oil degradation was investigated by using an ultrasonically equipped and thermally-controlled laboratory testing cell and lubricant oils of different grades. The results have shown that at a given temperature, ultrasound velocity decreases with a decrease in oil viscosity. Based on the results obtained in both parts of the study, ultrasound velocity measurement is proposed for monitoring oil degradation and transient oil temperature variation, whereas ultrasound amplitude measurement is proposed for monitoring air bubble content.

  20. NASA Tech Briefs, September 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    Topics covered include: Nanotip Carpets as Antireflection Surfaces; Nano-Engineered Catalysts for Direct Methanol Fuel Cells; Capillography of Mats of Nanofibers; Directed Growth of Carbon Nanotubes Across Gaps; High-Voltage, Asymmetric-Waveform Generator; Magic-T Junction Using Microstrip/Slotline Transitions; On-Wafer Measurement of a Silicon-Based CMOS VCO at 324 GHz; Group-III Nitride Field Emitters; HEMT Amplifiers and Equipment for their On-Wafer Testing; Thermal Spray Formation of Polymer Coatings; Improved Gas Filling and Sealing of an HC-PCF; Making More-Complex Molecules Using Superthermal Atom/Molecule Collisions; Nematic Cells for Digital Light Deflection; Improved Silica Aerogel Composite Materials; Microgravity, Mesh-Crawling Legged Robots; Advanced Active-Magnetic-Bearing Thrust- Measurement System; Thermally Actuated Hydraulic Pumps; A New, Highly Improved Two-Cycle Engine; Flexible Structural-Health-Monitoring Sheets; Alignment Pins for Assembling and Disassembling Structures; Purifying Nucleic Acids from Samples of Extremely Low Biomass; Adjustable-Viewing-Angle Endoscopic Tool for Skull Base and Brain Surgery; UV-Resistant Non-Spore-Forming Bacteria From Spacecraft-Assembly Facilities; Hard-X-Ray/Soft-Gamma-Ray Imaging Sensor Assembly for Astronomy; Simplified Modeling of Oxidation of Hydrocarbons; Near-Field Spectroscopy with Nanoparticles Deposited by AFM; Light Collimator and Monitor for a Spectroradiometer; Hyperspectral Fluorescence and Reflectance Imaging Instrument; Improving the Optical Quality Factor of the WGM Resonator; Ultra-Stable Beacon Source for Laboratory Testing of Optical Tracking; Transmissive Diffractive Optical Element Solar Concentrators; Delaying Trains of Short Light Pulses in WGM Resonators; Toward Better Modeling of Supercritical Turbulent Mixing; JPEG 2000 Encoding with Perceptual Distortion Control; Intelligent Integrated Health Management for a System of Systems; Delay Banking for Managing Air Traffic; and Spline