Abramovich, Sergei; Brouwer, Peter
2004-01-01
This paper suggests that knowledge of the school mathematics curriculum, as one of the key components of teachers' education, can be extended to include concepts and structures that generally belong to hidden domains of the curriculum. Motivated by work done with elementary pre-service teachers in a mathematics course employing a hidden…
African Journals Online (AJOL)
posed' with respect to connections are intended to open up possibilities for thinking ... knowledge in the teaching and learning of mathematics, it is essential to take .... two and three dimensions using various approaches in geometry and trigo-.
Hidden Curriculum as One of Current Issue of Curriculum
Alsubaie, Merfat Ayesh
2015-01-01
There are several issues in the education system, especially in the curriculum field that affect education. Hidden curriculum is one of current controversial curriculum issues. Many hidden curricular issues are the result of assumptions and expectations that are not formally communicated, established, or conveyed within the learning environment.…
Uncovering Hidden Mathematics of the Multiplication Table Using Spreadsheets
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Sergei Abramovich
2007-05-01
Full Text Available This paper reveals a number of learning activities emerging from a spreadsheetgenerated multiplication table. These activities are made possible by using such features of the software as conditional formatting, circular referencing, calculation through iteration, scroll bars, and graphing. The paper is a reflection on a mathematics content course designed for prospective elementary teachers using the hidden mathematics curriculum framework. It is written in support of standards for teaching and recommendations for teachers in North America.
Rethinking the mathematics curriculum
Hoyles, Celia; Woodhouse, Geoffrey
1998-01-01
At a time when political interest in mathematics education is at its highest, this book demonstrates that the issues are far from straightforward. A wide range of international contributors address such questions as: What is mathematics, and what is it for? What skills does mathematics education need to provide as technology advances? What are the implications for teacher education? What can we learn from past attempts to change the mathematics curriculum? Rethinking the Mathematics Curriculum offers stimulating discussions, showing much is to be learnt from the differences in culture, national expectations, and political restraints revealed in the book. This accessible book will be of particular interest to policy makers, curriculum developers, educators, researchers and employers as well as the general reader.
Computers in the Mathematics Curriculum.
Ediger, Marlow
This paper examines ways that mathematics teachers and supervisors can use computers in a quality mathematics curriculum in a school setting. Teachers and supervisors continually need to appraise the present mathematics curriculum and make necessary changes. A modern mathematics curriculum makes much use of technology. Society emphasizes heavy use…
The Changing Curriculum: Mathematics.
Davis, Robert B.
In this 1967 booklet, influences of technology, the non-achiever and the culturally disadvantaged, and the revolt against formalism are discussed in relation to the modern mathematics curriculum. Some projects and school programs described include PLATO, the Nuffield Project, the Nova School Program, Advanced Placement Program, and teacher…
Mathematical Story: A Metaphor for Mathematics Curriculum
Dietiker, Leslie
2015-01-01
This paper proposes a theoretical framework for interpreting the content found in mathematics curriculum in order to offer teachers and other mathematics educators comprehensive conceptual tools with which to make curricular decisions. More specifically, it describes a metaphor of "mathematics curriculum as story" and defines and…
Designing a Mathematics Curriculum
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lee Peng Yee
2010-07-01
Full Text Available A decade of PMRI saw the changes in the classroom in some of the primary schools in Indonesia. Based on observation, we can say that though the mathematics syllabus in Indonesia did not change, its curriculum has changed under the movement of PMRI. In this article, we put in writing some of the experience gained through the involvement in designing curricula since 1971. Hopefully, some of the observations made may be of use to the colleagues in Indonesia. The discussion below will cover some deciding factors in designing a curriculum, some practices, and the latest trends. For convenience, we keep the discussion general, and do not refer to a specific syllabus. Also, in many cases, we refer mainly to secondary schools, that is, Grade 7 to Grade 10.
Secret Codes: The Hidden Curriculum of Semantic Web Technologies
Edwards, Richard; Carmichael, Patrick
2012-01-01
There is a long tradition in education of examination of the hidden curriculum, those elements which are implicit or tacit to the formal goals of education. This article draws upon that tradition to open up for investigation the hidden curriculum and assumptions about students and knowledge that are embedded in the coding undertaken to facilitate…
Secret Codes: The Hidden Curriculum of Semantic Web Technologies
Edwards, Richard; Carmichael, Patrick
2012-01-01
There is a long tradition in education of examination of the hidden curriculum, those elements which are implicit or tacit to the formal goals of education. This article draws upon that tradition to open up for investigation the hidden curriculum and assumptions about students and knowledge that are embedded in the coding undertaken to facilitate…
Quantum Hidden Subgroup Problems A Mathematical Perspective
Lomonaco, S J; Lomonaco, Samuel J.; Kauffman, Louis H.
2002-01-01
The ultimate objective of this paper is to create a stepping stone to the development of new quantum algorithms. The strategy chosen is to begin by focusing on the class of abelian quantum hidden subgroup algorithms, i.e., the class of abelian algorithms of the Shor/Simon genre. Our strategy is to make this class of algorithms as mathematically transparent as possible. By the phrase "mathematically transparent" we mean to expose, to bring to the surface, and to make explicit the concealed mathematical structures that are inherently and fundamentally a part of such algorithms. In so doing, we create symbolic abelian quantum hidden subgroup algorithms that are analogous to the those symbolic algorithms found within such software packages as Axiom, Cayley, Maple, Mathematica, and Magma. As a spin-off of this effort, we create three different generalizations of Shor's quantum factoring algorithm to free abelian groups of finite rank. We refer to these algorithms as wandering (or vintage Z_Q) Shor algorithms. They...
Leadership in Mathematics Curriculum Development
Alford, Kenneth Ray
2010-01-01
This paper discusses mathematics curriculum development throughout the past century and incorporates a discussion of appropriate leadership style needed to bring about effective change. School leaders must be cognizant of the commitment and competence of the faculty within their school for successful curriculum development to take place.…
Aligning the Hidden Curriculum of Management Education With PRME
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Blasco, Maribel
2012-01-01
This article argues that mainstreaming responsible management education in line with the Principles of Responsible Management Education (PRME) requires close attention to the hidden curriculum (HC), that is, the implicit dimensions of educational experiences. Altering formal curricular goals...... combined with transformative learning and communities of practice theory, the article offers an inquiry-based framework for PRME implementation that takes these moral learning and socialization processes into account. It provides suggestions for how to address the hidden curriculum both in the diagnostic...
Mathematics across the Curriculum.
Kleiman, Glenn M.
1991-01-01
Except for its relationship to science, mathematics is the forgotten cousin in interdisciplinary teaching and learning. In the Journeys in Mathematics project, teachers engage children in imaginative activities that inspire them to identify patterns and relationships, solve problems, and communicate accurately, using Jonathan Swift's…
From epistemology to hidden curriculum: Critical vs. 'commercial' pedagogic perspective
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marojević Jovana C.
2016-01-01
Full Text Available Knowledge or, more precisely, its power is one of central themes in critical pedagogy. Since they are interested in school as the site of social critique, aimed at social transformations, critically oriented pedagogues pay special attention to the relation of knowledge and power or, to simplify it, the function of knowledge in the reproduction of the existing (often oppressive social relations. Not recognizing school as a mere site of social, economic or cultural preservation, they often study epistemology on which modern school is founded (positivistic epistemology and its hidden curriculum who function so that they legitimate social reproductive function of the school in a continuous cycle of self-justification. Since a certain understanding of knowledge and its function reveals the hidden curriculum of a certain educational philosophy, and since this consequently changes school into a site of social transformation or social transmission, viewed from the critical position this is the subject of the analysis of our paper. By final sublimation and contrasting the opposite positivistic and critical positions we conclude that the hidden curriculum of the first is the curriculum of the soliloquies while the curriculum of the second, critical tendency is entirely of a dialogue nature. It is clear that uni-directedness of the hidden curriculum formed according the postulates of positivistic epistemology can contribute only to positivistic transmission and regeneration of the existing social order, while the discursivity of critically oriented school defines the relation towards society as two-way, transformational, active and emancipatory.
The Function and the Utilization of Hidden Curriculum in College English Teaching
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张英
2013-01-01
Explore the nature of the hidden curriculum, and utilize the positive functions of hidden curriculum with theory on English teaching and psychological linguistics to obtain desirable effects in College English teaching.
Quality and Quantity in the Mathematics Curriculum.
Ediger, Marlow
This paper presents cognitive, affective, and psychomotor objectives and appraisal procedures in mathematics. It emphasizes the development of achievable mathematics curriculum and ongoing and sequential assessment to provide appropriate order of mathematical experiences for students. (KHR)
EVALUASI HIDDEN CURRICULUM DI SMP NEGERI BOJA, KABUPATEN KENDAL
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Neni Lestari
2015-12-01
Full Text Available This study aimed to evaluate the implementation and impact of Hidden Curriculum, as well as the determinant factors of success and sustainability in SMPN 2 Boja Kendal. This study was an evaluative research using qualitative approach. The data collected by using observation, interviews, and documentation. Data analyzed by collecting and selecting to be deduce. Validity used triangulation data that combined the result of observation, interviews, and documentation. The results of the study were: 1 The activities of hidden curriculum development at SMPN 2 Boja Kendal, namely: flag ceremony, school environmental management, establishing and enforcing discipline, special religious worship, smiles, greetings and courtesies, exemplary, relationship among students and principal, teachers, and staff, school canteen services. 2 The impact of the hidden curriculum development was the changing of school community’s behavior being better, created clean and beautiful school environment, the improvement of public trust to the school toward their kids’ education. Development of the hidden curriculum could establish students good character and an optimal achievement as well as a good school culture. 3 Internal supporting factors including: qualified human resources, the availability of school facilities, school environment was clean and beautiful. External supporting factors occur in the form of endorsement of the parents, school committees and communities in establishing good and virtuous character for the students.
Is the Hidden Curriculum a Relevant Issue in Educational Processes
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Patarroyo Esther
2004-08-01
Full Text Available This paper explores some ideas about the hidden curriculum as an amount of ideas and beliefs which are implicit in an indirect way into the scholar life. Those ideas are regarding to gender equality, social status and racial difference, among others. We consider teachers are able to integrate the hidden curriculum as a pedagogical strategy in the classroom. Examples of integration include activities such as observation techniques, role-plays, peer modeling and particularly, the portfolio as a useful tool for reflection which reveals the hidden curriculum. Key words: Hidden Curriculum, Pedagogical Strategy, Portfolio, ELT Processes, Stereotypes Este documento explora algunas ideas acerca del currículo oculto como una suma de ideas y creencias que están implícitos de una forma indirecta dentro de la vida escolar. Estas ideas están relacionadas con la equidad de género, diferencias sociales y raciales, entre otros. Consideramos que es posible para los docentes integrar el currículo como estrategia pedagógica en el aula. Ejemplos de esta integración incluyen técnicas de observación, juegos de roles, modelamiento en parejas y particularmente, el portafolio como herramienta de reflexión que permita hacer evidente el currículo oculto. Palabras claves: Currículo Oculto, Estrategia Pedagógica, Estereotipos, Enseñanza de Inglés, Portafolio
Beyond the hidden curriculum: The challenging search for authentic ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
2013-11-01
Nov 1, 2013 ... [6] It was erroneously assumed that medical students ... hidden curriculum, therefore, demands an authentic and comprehensive enquiry into the concept of human dignity, ... reasoning that underpins the desirable values-based healthcare. ... and highly interpersonal form of teaching and learning that takes.
Using the hidden curriculum to teach professionalism in nursing students.
Karimi, Zohreh; Ashktorab, Tahereh; Mohammadi, Easa; Abedi, Heidar Ali
2014-03-01
Professionalism in nursing is critical for creating credibility and a positive image. This study was carried out to explain the use of hidden curriculum in teaching professionalism in nursing students. This qualitative study was conducted through purposeful sampling strategy by the participation of 32 nursing students. The data were collected by using semi-structured interviews, and this process was continued until achieving data saturation and themes' emergence. Content analysis method was used for data analysis. DATA ANALYSIS REVEALED THREE MAIN THEMES: Development of understanding the professionalism elements, Variety of influenceability strategies, and Influenceability to various resources. Each theme consisted of some subthemes. The nursing students learnt the professionalism elements by different methods from different resources through the hidden curriculum. Therefore, exploration of the currently administered hidden curricula is suggested.
Mathematics Curriculum, the Philosophy of Mathematics and its ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
It is my observation that the current school mathematics curriculum in Ethiopia is not producing ... The mathematics curriculum has a great influence on how teachers teach in a classroom. .... method. Content in schools, according to National. Council of Teachers of Mathematics ..... of challenging, unfamiliar and open-ended.
Implementing a new mathematics curriculum: Mathematics teachers’ beliefs and practices
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ernest Ampadu
2013-11-01
Full Text Available Mathematics has become a ‘critical filter’ in the social, economic and professional development of individuals and forms a core component of the school curriculum in most countries. It is upon this utilitarian nature of mathematics to the individual and the society as a whole that the school mathematics curriculum has been undergoing a number of restructuring over the last three decades. In Ghana, a new mathematics curriculum was introduced in September 2007 which aims at shifting the teaching and learning of mathematics from a teacher-centered approach to more student-centered and participatory teaching and learning. However, since the introduction of the curriculum no study has specifically examined mathematics teachers’ teaching practices in relation to these new curriculum requirements. This study examines Junior High School (12-14 years mathematics teachers’ perceived and actual teaching practices in relation to the curriculum requirements. Participants in the study were 41 mathematics teachers’ from 22 Junior High Schools. A Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data about teachers’ perceived teaching practices, and classroom observation was used to collect qualitative data about actual classroom practices. The key findings include: teachers’ espoused the belief that their teaching practices are consistent with the principles and guidelines of the new mathematics curriculum. Teachers’ perceived teaching practices were not fully consistent with their actual practices. The movement towards a more constructivist approach as outlined in the curriculum was not fully evident in most of the classrooms observed.
Evolution of Singapore's School Mathematics Curriculum
Kaur, Berinderjeet
2014-01-01
The evolution of Singapore's school mathematics curriculum is in tandem with developments in the education system of Singapore. In the last six decades, economic policies of the government that are necessary for the survival of Singapore in a fast changing world have shaped the aims of the school mathematics curriculum. The present day curriculum…
To the point: reviews in medical education-taking control of the hidden curriculum.
Chuang, Alice W; Nuthalapaty, Francis S; Casey, Petra M; Kaczmarczyk, Joseph M; Cullimore, Amie J; Dalrymple, John L; Dugoff, Lorraine; Espey, Eve L; Hammoud, Maya M; Hueppchen, Nancy A; Katz, Nadine T; Peskin, Edward G
2010-10-01
This article, the ninth in the "To the Point" series that is prepared by the Association of Professors of Gynecology and Obstetrics Undergraduate Medical Education Committee, discusses the role of the "hidden curriculum" in shaping the professional identity of doctors in training. The characteristics that distinguish the formal curriculum and hidden curriculum are defined. Specific examples of hidden curricula in clinical environments and the positive and negative impacts that may result are highlighted. Techniques to evaluate clinical training environments and to identify the hidden curriculum are provided and are followed by methods to promote its positive messages and lessen its negative ones.
Bildung: A hidden reason for adult mathematics?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Lene Østergaard
2005-01-01
In May 2000 the Danish Government adopted a reform of the vocational education and continuing training system for adults. A new element is to strengthen basic skills such as reading, writing and mathematics, and the reform comprises an additional education level, "Preparatory Adult Education" (PAE......). PAE will be offered to all persons over 18 who wish to improve their general skills to become better equipped for the labour market and as citizens in a democratic society. The question "Why teach numeracy to adults with lack of basic mathematical skills?" has been the core question in my research...
Bildung: A hidden reason for adult mathematics?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Lene Østergaard
2005-01-01
In May 2000 the Danish Government adopted a reform of the vocational education and continuing training system for adults. A new element is to strengthen basic skills such as reading, writing and mathematics, and the reform comprises an additional education level, "Preparatory Adult Education" (PAE......). PAE will be offered to all persons over 18 who wish to improve their general skills to become better equipped for the labour market and as citizens in a democratic society. The question "Why teach numeracy to adults with lack of basic mathematical skills?" has been the core question in my research...
Finding an apprenticeship: hidden curriculum and social consequences.
Goastellec, Gaële; Ruiz, Guillaume
2015-01-01
In Switzerland, the majority of students are oriented toward professional training after compulsory schooling. At this stage, one of the biggest challenges for them is to find an apprenticeship position. Matching supply and demand is a complex process that not only excludes some students from having direct access to professional training but also forces them to make early choices regarding their future sector of employment. So, how does one find an apprenticeship? And what do the students' descriptions of their search for apprenticeships reveal about the institutional determinants of social inequalities at play in the system? Based on 29 interviews conducted in 2014 with 23 apprentices and 6 recruiters in the Canton of Vaud, this article interrogates how the dimensions of educational and social trajectories combine to affect access to apprenticeships and are accentuated by recruiters using a "hidden curriculum" during the recruitment process. A hidden curriculum consists of knowledge and skills not taught by the educational institution but which appear decisive in obtaining an apprenticeship. By analyzing the contrasting experiences of students in their search for an apprenticeship, we identify four types of trajectories that explain different types of school-to-apprenticeship transitions. We show how these determinants are reinforced by the "hidden curriculum" of recruitment based on the soft skills of feeling, autonomy, anticipation, and reflexivity that are assessed in the context of recruitment interactions. The discussion section debates how the criteria that appear to be used to identify the "right apprentice" tend to (re)produce inequalities between students. This not only depends on their academic results but also on their social and cultural skills, their ability to anticipate their choices and, more widely, their ability to be a subject in their recruitment search. "The Subject is neither the individual, nor the self, but the work through which an
Whitcomb, Tiffany L
2014-01-01
The hidden curriculum is characterized by information that is tacitly conveyed to and among students about the cultural and moral environment in which they find themselves. Although the hidden curriculum is often defined as a distinct entity, tacit information is conveyed to students throughout all aspects of formal and informal curricula. This unconsciously communicated knowledge has been identified across a wide spectrum of educational environments and is known to have lasting and powerful impacts, both positive and negative. Recently, medical education research on the hidden curriculum of becoming a doctor has come to the forefront as institutions struggle with inconsistencies between formal and hidden curricula that hinder the practice of patient-centered medicine. Similarly, the complex ethical questions that arise during the practice and teaching of veterinary medicine have the potential to cause disagreement between what the institution sets out to teach and what is actually learned. However, the hidden curriculum remains largely unexplored for this field. Because the hidden curriculum is retained effectively by students, elucidating its underlying messages can be a key component of program refinement. A review of recent literature about the hidden curriculum in a variety of fields, including medical education, will be used to explore potential hidden curricula in veterinary medicine and draw attention to the need for further investigation.
How to Align the Hidden Curriculum of RM Education?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Blasco, Maribel
2015-01-01
operates through many areas of business schools, most notably in i) formal curriculum; ii) interaction; and iii) school governance. This means recognizing that changing curricula alone is not enough to bring about transformation in students’ moral attitudes because signals about appropriate conduct......Graduates are reputedly still leaving business school with poor morals, despite considerable focus on responsible management education? The ‘hidden curriculum’ (HC) directs the attention to the idea that what is taught in educational institutions is not necessarily what is actually learned. The HC...... are communicated in so many subtle ways beyond formal curricular content. We should ask ourselves: “What are students really learning while I think I am teaching X?...
Humanism, the Hidden Curriculum, and Educational Reform: A Scoping Review and Thematic Analysis.
Martimianakis, Maria Athina Tina; Michalec, Barret; Lam, Justin; Cartmill, Carrie; Taylor, Janelle S; Hafferty, Frederic W
2015-11-01
Medical educators have used the hidden curriculum concept for over three decades to make visible the effects of tacit learning, including how culture, structures, and institutions influence professional identity formation. In response to calls to see more humanistic-oriented training in medicine, the authors examined how the hidden curriculum construct has been applied in the English language medical education literature with a particular (and centering) look at its use within literature pertaining to humanism. They also explored the ends to which the hidden curriculum construct has been used in educational reform efforts (at the individual, organizational, and/or systems levels) related to nurturing and/or increasing humanism in health care. The authors conducted a scoping review and thematic analysis that draws from the tradition of critical discourse analysis. They identified 1,887 texts in the literature search, of which 200 met inclusion criteria. The analysis documents a strong preoccupation with negative effects of the hidden curriculum, particularly the moral erosion of physicians and the perceived undermining of humanistic values in health care. A conflation between professionalism and humanism was noted. Proposals for reform largely target medical students and medical school faculty, with very little consideration for how organizations, institutions, and sociopolitical relations more broadly contribute to problematic behaviors. The authors argue that there is a need to transcend conceptualizations of the hidden curriculum as antithetical to humanism and offer suggestions for future research that explores the necessity and value of humanism and the hidden curriculum in medical education and training.
The Role of Visualization in the Middle School Mathematics Curriculum.
Ben-Chaim, David; And Others
1989-01-01
Examines the relationship between visualization and the middle school mathematics curriculum. Gives an overview of where and how visualization interacts with the curriculum. Investigates the role of visualization in developing inductive/deductive and proportional reasoning. (YP)
Development of mathematics curriculum for Medialogy studentsat Aalborg University
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Timcenko, Olga
Abstract This paper addresses mathematics curriculum development for Medialogy education. Medialogy as a study line was established in 2002 at Faculty for Engineering and Natural Sciences at Aalborg University, and mathematics curriculum has already been revised tree times. Some of the reasoning...
Curriculum Materials and Its Uses in Teaching and Learning Mathematics.
Li, Yeping; Fuson, Karen
As an outline of school educational activities, curriculum has been the focus of educational reforms in the past several decades (e.g., National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1980, 2000). In contrast, there are very limited research efforts given to examine the nature of mathematics curriculum and its roles in teaching and learning…
Making the Hidden Curriculum Visible: Sustainability Literacy in Higher Education
Winter, Jennie; Cotton, Debby
2012-01-01
Despite strong political support for the development of sustainability literacy amongst the UK graduates, embedding sustainability in the higher education curriculum has met with widespread indifference, and in some cases, active resistance. However, opportunities exist beyond the formal curriculum for engaging students in learning about…
Making the Hidden Curriculum Visible: Sustainability Literacy in Higher Education
Winter, Jennie; Cotton, Debby
2012-01-01
Despite strong political support for the development of sustainability literacy amongst the UK graduates, embedding sustainability in the higher education curriculum has met with widespread indifference, and in some cases, active resistance. However, opportunities exist beyond the formal curriculum for engaging students in learning about…
Aligning the Hidden Curriculum of Management Education with PRME: An Inquiry-Based Framework
Blasco, Maribel
2012-01-01
This article argues that mainstreaming responsible management education in line with the Principles of Responsible Management Education (PRME) requires close attention to the hidden curriculum (HC), that is, the implicit dimensions of educational experiences. Altering formal curricular goals and content alone is not enough to improve students'…
Cushion, Christopher J.; Jones, Robyn L.
2014-01-01
This article draws on the theoretical concepts of Pierre Bourdieu to provide an explanatory account of how socialisation and the hidden curriculum within coaching practice contribute toward the formation of social identities and powerful schemes of internalised dispositions. Drawing on a 10 month ethnography within professional football, the…
The Hidden Curriculum of Veterinary Education: Mediators and Moderators of Its Effects.
Roder, Carrie A; May, Stephen A
2017-01-01
The "hidden curriculum" has long been supposed to have an effect on students' learning during their clinical education, and in particular in shaping their ideas of what it means to be a professional. Despite this, there has been little evidence linking specific changes in professional attitudes to the individual components of the hidden curriculum. This study aimed to recognize those components that led to a change in students' professional attitudes at a UK veterinary school, as well as to identify the attitudes most affected. Observations were made of 11 student groups across five clinical rotations, followed by semi-structured interviews with 23 students at the end of their rotation experience. Data were combined and analyzed thematically, taking both an inductive and deductive approach. Views about the importance of technical competence and communication skills were promoted as a result of students' interaction with the hidden curriculum, and tensions were revealed in relation to their attitudes toward compassion and empathy, autonomy and responsibility, and lifestyle ethic. The assessment processes of rotations and the clinical service organization served to communicate the messages of the hidden curriculum, bringing about changes in student professional attitudes, while student-selected role models and the student rotation groups moderated the effects of these influences.
Religion and Social Hidden Curriculum--The Educative Influences of Christianity and Islam in Women
Llorent-Bedmar, Vincente; Llorent, Vicente J.
2014-01-01
In this paper we highlight the similarities and differences between Christianity and Islam, on the social functions of women based on the sacred texts of both, references to a hidden social curriculum in the history. Faced with the growing religious pluralism in contemporary societies, we believe that the debate on how the two main religions in…
Message Tees and Hidden Curriculum: Perceptions of Pre-Service Teachers
Miller, Ted; Watson, Sandy; Rutledge, Valerie
2007-01-01
The hidden curriculum in schools is frequently reflected in clothing worn by students. Schools grapple with the implications of dress codes as they relate to the appropriateness of the items students wear and, in this study in particular, to the messages placed upon tee shirts. Legal precedent indicates that schools have the right to eliminate…
Cushion, Christopher J.; Jones, Robyn L.
2014-01-01
This article draws on the theoretical concepts of Pierre Bourdieu to provide an explanatory account of how socialisation and the hidden curriculum within coaching practice contribute toward the formation of social identities and powerful schemes of internalised dispositions. Drawing on a 10 month ethnography within professional football, the…
Dynamics of Curriculum Change in Mathematics--Lagos State Modern Mathematics Project
Williams, Grace Alele
1974-01-01
Discusses the Entebbe Modern Mathematics Project and relates it to the change in curriculum in Lagos. It also discusses problems attendant on curriculum changes in a developing country like Nigeria. (Author)
The Hidden Curriculum of Youth Policy: A Dutch Example
Hopman, M.; De Winter, M.; Koops, W.
2014-01-01
Youth policy is more than a mere response to the actual behavior of children, but it is equally influenced by values and beliefs of policy makers. These values are however rarely made explicit and, therefore, the authors refer to them as “the hidden curriculum” of youth policy. The study investigati
The perception of the hidden curriculum on medical education: an exploratory study
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Murakami Manabu
2009-12-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background Major curriculum reform of undergraduate medical education occurred during the past decades in the United Kingdom (UK; however, the effects of the hidden curriculum, which influence the choice of primary care as a career, have not been sufficiently recognized. While Japan, where traditionally few institutions systematically foster primary care physicians and very few have truly embraced family medicine as their guiding discipline, has also experienced meaningful curriculum reform, the effect of the hidden curriculum is not well known. The aim of this study is to identify themes pertaining to the students' perceptions of the hidden curriculum affecting undergraduate medical education in bedside learning in Japan. Methods Semi-structured interviews with thematic content analysis were implemented. Undergraduate year-5 students from a Japanese medical school at a Japanese teaching hospital were recruited. Interview were planned to last between 30 to 60 minutes each, over an 8-month period in 2007. The interviewees' perceptions concerning the quality of teaching in their bedside learning and related experiences were collected and analysed thematically. Results Twenty five medical students (18 males and 7 females, mean age 25 years old consented to participate in the interviews, and seven main themes emerged: "the perception of education as having a low priority," "the prevalence of positive/negative role models," "the persistence of hierarchy and exclusivity," "the existence of gender issues," "an overburdened medical knowledge," "human relationships with colleagues and medical team members," and "first experience from the practical wards and their patients." Conclusions Both similarities and differences were found when comparing the results to those of previous studies in the UK. Some effects of the hidden curriculum in medical education likely exist in common between the UK and Japan, despite the differences in their demographic
The Impact of Technology on High School Mathematics Curriculum
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cengiz Alacacı
2014-02-01
Full Text Available The infusion of technology into school mathematics has intensified in the last two decades. This article discusses the effects of this infusion on the mathematics curriculum. After a review of the different roles technology plays in mathematics and the diversity of the tools and their functions in teaching and learning mathematics, an epistemological perspective is offered to understand how technology could affect our cognition and perception while doing mathematics. With this background, specific examples are offered for the ways in which our curricular goals are re-prioritized in algebra and geometry. The paper is concluded with a discussion of teachers' proficiency as a factor to promote effective use of technology in the high school mathematics curriculum based on Beaudin &Bowers' (1997 PURIA model.Key Words: Technology, mathematics curriculum, algebra, geometry, high school
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
ZOHREH KARIMI
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Introduction: Nursing curriculum is not always overt; it can also exist covertly in the form of a hidden curriculum. This study aims to explain the factors influencing learning through the hidden curriculum in the perspective of undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students. Method: This qualitative study was conducted through purposeful sampling strategy on 24 undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students studying in the first to the fourth years of their education. The data were collected using semistructured interviews and this process continued until data saturation and categories’ emergence. Inductive content analysis was used for data analysis. Results: Professional promotion as a learning factor, impact of personal characteristics on learning, educator’s behavior as a learning stimulus, and feedback as a learning stimulus are the main categories emerged in this study; some of them included sub-categories as well. Conclusion: Professional promotion, personal characteristics, educator’s behavior and feedback were the main influencing factors on learning through the hidden curriculum in undergraduate baccalaureate nursing students. The findings of this study can be used for developing strategies to promote nursing education and as a result patient care. Further studies are recommended to identify other factors.
Transforming the Hidden Curriculum: Gender and the Library Media Center.
Crew, Hilary S.
1998-01-01
Library media specialists are critically positioned to make a significant contribution to instituting gender-fair practices within a school. This article discusses instructional materials, curriculum, and collection development; gender culture and the media center; sports, gender, and different ways of knowing; and science, gender, and different…
Meiboom, Ariadne; Diedrich, Chantal; Vries, Henk De; Hertogh, Cees; Scheele, Fedde
2015-01-01
Despite more attention being given to geriatrics in medical curricula, few new physicians are seeking training in this field. So far, there has been no exploration of factors in the hidden curriculum that could potentially influence the persisting lack of interest in this field of medicine. To study this hidden curriculum in medical education in relation to medical care of elderly patients, the authors used a qualitative research design including participant observations on two internal medicine wards in a teaching hospital and semistructured interviews. The results showed that elderly patients with multiple problems are seen as frustrating and not interesting. Medical students were not stimulated to go into the totality of medical problems of elderly patients. They picked up a lot of disparaging remarks about these patients. The mainly negative attitudes demonstrated by role models, in particular the residents, may potentially influence the development of future doctors and their choice of career.
Filsafat Pendidikan dan Hidden Curriculum dalam Perspektif KH. Imam Zarkasyi (1910-1985
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Abdurrahim Yapono
2015-11-01
Full Text Available KH. Imam Zarkasyi (1910-1985 of Gontor Ponorogo East Java along with his two other brothers called Trimurti (the three founders of Pondok Modern Gontor, both KH. Ahmad Sahal (1901-1977 and KH. Zainuddin Fannani (1905- 1967 were the most dedicated figures on the modern Indonesian Islamic boarding schools education system. Kiai Zarkasyi was not only well known in Indonesia but even in the Muslim world. This article attempts to gain a deeper understanding about Zarkasyi’s educational philosophy and his hidden curriculum; and how the patterns of its implementation in the educational system processes thus provides a significant influence on his discipliners, with a qualitative approach in the form of naturalistic phenomenology through literature study and empirical experience as a means of checking the validity of confirmatory data. The findings revealed that all educational activities in Pondok Modern Gontor has governed by a soul by design which maintained formal curriculum (intra-curricular and extra-curricular called written curriculum. On the top of all, the study discoveres the patterns of hidden curriculum applicable as the affect of edicational process under the formal curriculum. It took place in many models such as learning by instruction, learning by doing, and so on. Here, in fact, there is the strength and success of education in dormitories, such as in Pondok Modern Gontor which has a significant direct effect on the students, who in turn has an effect on the nation character building and the religion.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lukáš Bomba
2013-02-01
Full Text Available The article analyses theoretical and methodological problem of hidden curriculum at school. It compares individualistic and holistic approach in connection to research, measurement and analysis of hidden curriculum. The goal of the study is to present the inconsistency in understanding and explaining the concept of hidden curriculum. The inconsistency is grounded in the absence of paradigmatical background. The theories of hidden curriculum are devided into two groups. The first group is grounded in individualistic approach and the second group is grounded in holistic approach. The examples of empirical studies are used as tools to grasp hidden curriculum at school. The study concludes that the deϐinitions and understanding of the concept of hidden curriculum are logical conclusions of methodologicalapproach and empirical investigation of hidden curriculum in research. The methodological approach and empirical investigation reversely constitute the theory of hidden curriculum. The individualistic paradigm grasps hidden curriculum as a an implicit socialization of a child through the actions of individuals in the school. The holistic paradigm understands hidden curriculum as institutionalized nature of ideology or the tool for reproduction of society.
Religion, Spirituality, and the Hidden Curriculum: Medical Student and Faculty Reflections
Balboni, Michael J.; Bandini, Julia; Mitchell, Christine; Epstein-Peterson, Zachary D.; Amobi, Ada; Cahill, Jonathan; Enzinger, Andrea C.; Peteet, John; Balboni, Tracy
2017-01-01
Context Religion and spirituality play an important role in physicians’ medical practice, but little research has examined their influence within the socialization of medical trainees and the hidden curriculum. Objectives The objective is to explore the role of religion and spirituality as they intersect with aspects of medicine’s hidden curriculum. Methods Semiscripted, one-on-one interviews and focus groups (n = 33 respondents) were conducted to assess Harvard Medical School student and faculty experiences of religion/spirituality and the professionalization process during medical training. Using grounded theory, theme extraction was performed with interdisciplinary input (medicine, sociology, and theology), yielding a high inter-rater reliability score (kappa = 0.75). Results Three domains emerged where religion and spirituality appear as a factor in medical training. First, religion/spirituality may present unique challenges and benefits in relation to the hidden curriculum. Religious/spiritual respondents more often reported to struggle with issues of personal identity, increased self-doubt, and perceived medical knowledge inadequacy. However, religious/spiritual participants less often described relationship conflicts within the medical team, work-life imbalance, and emotional stress arising from patient suffering. Second, religion/spirituality may influence coping strategies during encounters with patient suffering. Religious/spiritual trainees described using prayer, faith, and compassion as means for coping whereas nonreligious/nonspiritual trainees discussed compartmentalization and emotional repression. Third, levels of religion/spirituality appear to fluctuate in relation to medical training, with many trainees experiencing an increase in religiousness/spirituality during training. Conclusion Religion/spirituality has a largely unstudied but possibly influential role in medical student socialization. Future study is needed to characterize its
Religion, Spirituality, and the Hidden Curriculum: Medical Student and Faculty Reflections.
Balboni, Michael J; Bandini, Julia; Mitchell, Christine; Epstein-Peterson, Zachary D; Amobi, Ada; Cahill, Jonathan; Enzinger, Andrea C; Peteet, John; Balboni, Tracy
2015-10-01
Religion and spirituality play an important role in physicians' medical practice, but little research has examined their influence within the socialization of medical trainees and the hidden curriculum. The objective is to explore the role of religion and spirituality as they intersect with aspects of medicine's hidden curriculum. Semiscripted, one-on-one interviews and focus groups (n = 33 respondents) were conducted to assess Harvard Medical School student and faculty experiences of religion/spirituality and the professionalization process during medical training. Using grounded theory, theme extraction was performed with interdisciplinary input (medicine, sociology, and theology), yielding a high inter-rater reliability score (kappa = 0.75). Three domains emerged where religion and spirituality appear as a factor in medical training. First, religion/spirituality may present unique challenges and benefits in relation to the hidden curriculum. Religious/spiritual respondents more often reported to struggle with issues of personal identity, increased self-doubt, and perceived medical knowledge inadequacy. However, religious/spiritual participants less often described relationship conflicts within the medical team, work-life imbalance, and emotional stress arising from patient suffering. Second, religion/spirituality may influence coping strategies during encounters with patient suffering. Religious/spiritual trainees described using prayer, faith, and compassion as means for coping whereas nonreligious/nonspiritual trainees discussed compartmentalization and emotional repression. Third, levels of religion/spirituality appear to fluctuate in relation to medical training, with many trainees experiencing an increase in religiousness/spirituality during training. Religion/spirituality has a largely unstudied but possibly influential role in medical student socialization. Future study is needed to characterize its function within the hidden curriculum. Copyright
Curriculum Guide for Baccalaureate Oriented Courses in Mathematics.
Darnes, G. Robert, Ed.
A mathematics curriculum guide is presented for the purpose of offering statewide guidelines to colleges for determining the content of those courses which might be considered standard courses in the first two years of the college curriculum. Courses covered include: intermediate algebra, college algebra, trigonometry, analytic geometry,…
Mathematizing: An Emergent Math Curriculum Approach for Young Children
Rosales, Allen C.
2015-01-01
Based on years of research with early childhood teachers, author Allen Rosales provides an approach to create an emergent math curriculum that integrates children's interests with math concepts. The mathematizing approach is different from traditional math curriculums, as it immerses children in a process that is designed to develop their…
Mathematizing: An Emergent Math Curriculum Approach for Young Children
Rosales, Allen C.
2015-01-01
Based on years of research with early childhood teachers, author Allen Rosales provides an approach to create an emergent math curriculum that integrates children's interests with math concepts. The mathematizing approach is different from traditional math curriculums, as it immerses children in a process that is designed to develop their…
Berg, Lucretia A; Jirikowic, Tracy; Haerling, Katie; MacDonald, Ginger
Students with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities (IDD) increasingly pursue postsecondary education (PSE). Navigating the hidden curriculum-including meeting prerequisites for PSE and employment, using support systems and community transportation, and carrying out adulthood expectations-is an area of challenge. This exploratory case study examined experiences of students with IDD attending a PSE program and stakeholder perspectives. Thirty-two participants (10 students with IDD, 5 parents or guardians, 4 college administrators, 8 college instructors, 4 occupational therapists, and a transition specialist) were interviewed. Conventional content analysis revealed navigating the hidden curriculum as a key theme and three subthemes: (1) adult-based system navigation, (2) persisting challenges with adaptive behaviors, and (3) disability awareness and disclosure. Limited awareness of disability and supports and services needed for a successful PSE outcome were contributing factors. Occupational therapists have the skills to support students with IDD in skill acquisition to successfully transition to and navigate PSE and the hidden curriculum. Copyright © 2017 by the American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.
The hidden curriculum in radiology residency programs: A path to isolation or integration?
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Van Deven, T. [Department of Medical Imaging, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry (Canada); Hibbert, K., E-mail: khibbert@uwo.ca [Faculty of Education, Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry (Canada); Faden, L. [Faculty of Education, The University of Western Ontario (Canada); Chhem, R.K. [Institute of History, Philosophy and Ethics of Medicine, Ulm University, Ulm (Germany)
2013-05-15
Purpose: In this qualitative case study involving five academic Radiology centres across Canada, the authors seek to identify the hidden curriculum. Methods: A qualitative case study methodology was used for its potential to explore and provide rich descriptions and allow for the in-depth analysis of multiple data sources that include official institutional documents, surveys, observations and interviews (including undergraduate students, postgraduate, radiologists, imaging scientists, residents, faculty and administrators). This study relied on 48 interviews and involved primary data analysis by the core research team, and a secondary analysis by external examiners. Results: The results revealed that in four of the five major centres studied, a hidden curriculum of isolation prevailed, reinforcing an image of the radiologist as an independent operator within an organization dependent upon collaboration for optimal performance. The fifth site exhibited a hidden curriculum of collaboration and support, although the messages received were conflicting when addressing issues around teaching. Conclusions: The authors conclude by noting two possibilities for medical imaging departments to consider that of isolation or that of integration. They examine the implications of each and propose a way forward that situates Radiology as the crossroads of medicine. As such, the need for a new, generative metaphor reasserts the importance of recognizing the role and function of scholarship in teaching and learning contexts across Canada.
Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study Information Bulletin 7.
Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.
The background, objectives, and design of Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study (SSMCIS) are summarized. Details are given of the content of the text series, "Unified Modern Mathematics," in the areas of algebra, geometry, linear algebra, probability and statistics, analysis (calculus), logic, and computer…
Hafler, Janet P; Ownby, Allison R; Thompson, Britta M; Fasser, Carl E; Grigsby, Kevin; Haidet, Paul; Kahn, Marc J; Hafferty, Frederic W
2011-04-01
Medical student literature has broadly established the importance of differentiating between formal-explicit and hidden-tacit dimensions of the physician education process. The hidden curriculum refers to cultural mores that are transmitted, but not openly acknowledged, through formal and informal educational endeavors. The authors extend the concept of the hidden curriculum from students to faculty, and in so doing, they frame the acquisition by faculty of knowledge, skills, and values as a more global process of identity formation. This process includes a subset of formal, formative activities labeled "faculty development programs" that target specific faculty skills such as teaching effectiveness or leadership; however, it also includes informal, tacit messages that faculty absorb. As faculty members are socialized into faculty life, they often encounter conflicting messages about their role. In this article, the authors examine how faculty development programs have functioned as a source of conflict, and they ask how these programs might be retooled to assist faculty in understanding the tacit institutional culture shaping effective socialization and in managing the inconsistencies that so often dominate faculty life.
Computational experiment approach to advanced secondary mathematics curriculum
Abramovich, Sergei
2014-01-01
This book promotes the experimental mathematics approach in the context of secondary mathematics curriculum by exploring mathematical models depending on parameters that were typically considered advanced in the pre-digital education era. This approach, by drawing on the power of computers to perform numerical computations and graphical constructions, stimulates formal learning of mathematics through making sense of a computational experiment. It allows one (in the spirit of Freudenthal) to bridge serious mathematical content and contemporary teaching practice. In other words, the notion of teaching experiment can be extended to include a true mathematical experiment. When used appropriately, the approach creates conditions for collateral learning (in the spirit of Dewey) to occur including the development of skills important for engineering applications of mathematics. In the context of a mathematics teacher education program, this book addresses a call for the preparation of teachers capable of utilizing mo...
The Fragmentation of the College Mathematics Curriculum
Singleton, Cynthia
2008-01-01
The purpose of this paper examines to what extent and asking reason the fragmentation of college mathematics have attained the present development in the course of looking at the history of mathematics education. (Contains 1 table.)
Mathematical Texts as Narrative: Rethinking Curriculum
Dietiker, Leslie
2013-01-01
This paper proposes a framework for reading mathematics texts as narratives. Building from a narrative framework of Meike Bal, a reader's experience with the mathematical content as it unfolds in the text (the "mathematical story") is distinguished from his or her logical reconstruction of the content beyond the text (the…
Hidden Dimensions in the Professional Development of Mathematics Teachers
Roesken, B
2011-01-01
Professional development is often determined by black and white thinking. Either issues are considered as being good or bad, or statements like teachers should or teachers must are transported. However, it is easily forgotten from which perspective the judgment is taken, surely it is not the teacher's one. Profoundly respecting and cherishing the teachers and their needs, allows for arriving at a vision of professional development that is for and with teachers, instead being simply about them. This book presents the field of mathematics teacher professional development both from a theoretical
Functions in the Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum
Denbel, Dejene Girma
2015-01-01
Functions are used in every branch of mathematics, as algebraic operations on numbers, transformations on points in the plane or in space, intersection and union of pairs of sets, and so forth. Function is a unifying concept in all mathematics. Relationships among phenomena in everyday life, such as the relationship between the speed of a car and…
Cooperative Learning and Adaptive Instruction in a Mathematics Curriculum.
Terwel, Jan; And Others
1994-01-01
Maintains that current research suggests that heterogeneous grouping is preferable. Reports on a study of a new mathematics curriculum using 600 students in 6 Dutch schools. Finds that students in heterogeneous classes taught with cooperative-learning techniques achieved more than students in traditional ability-grouped classrooms. (CFR)
Effects of an Online Mathematics Curriculum for English Language Learners
Crawford, Lindy
2013-01-01
This study measured the effects of an online supplementary mathematics curriculum designed for middle school English language learners who speak Spanish as a first language. A randomized experiment measured the achievement differences between middle school English language learners who used the Web-based HELP Math (Help with English Language…
Effects of an Online Mathematics Curriculum for English Language Learners
Crawford, Lindy
2013-01-01
This study measured the effects of an online supplementary mathematics curriculum designed for middle school English language learners who speak Spanish as a first language. A randomized experiment measured the achievement differences between middle school English language learners who used the Web-based HELP Math (Help with English Language…
Designing a High School Mathematics Curriculum for All Students.
Alper, Lynne; Fendel, Dan; Fraser, Sherry; Resek, Diane
1997-01-01
Describes the characteristics that must exist for a secondary school curriculum to be successful with all students and the crucial elements needed for its implementation. An example of one such program, the Interactive Mathematics Program, is discussed along with the program's outcomes, some political consequences of the activity, and the…
Using Curriculum-Based Measurement to Monitor Kindergarteners' Mathematics Development
Seethaler, Pamela M.; Fuchs, Lynn S.
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine technical and instructional features of a kindergarten curriculum-based measurement (CBM) tool designed to track students' mathematics progress in terms of computational concepts, procedures, and counting strategies. Students in 10 kindergarten classrooms in three elementary schools completed alternate…
Diploma Examination. Curriculum Specifications for Mathematics 30. April 1986.
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.
Curriculum specifications are given for one secondary school mathematics course. The percentage emphases of six components in the course are stated: trigonometry, 25%; quadratic relations, 22%; sequences, series, limits, 19%; statistics, 15%; logarithms, 9%; and polynomial functions, 10%. Objectives for each component are then listed, with their…
Consumer Citizenship Curriculum Guides for Social Studies, English, Science, Mathematics.
MacKenzie, Louise; Smith, Alice
These four consumer citizenship curriculum guides for social studies, English, science, and mathematics incorporate consumer education into these subject matter areas in grades 8-12. Each guide is organized around 10 main component/goals. They are basic economics in the marketplace, credit, consumer law/protection, banking skills, comparison…
Biological Applications in the Mathematics Curriculum
Marland, Eric; Palmer, Katrina M.; Salinas, Rene A.
2008-01-01
In this article we provide two detailed examples of how we incorporate biological examples into two mathematics courses: Linear Algebra and Ordinary Differential Equations. We use Leslie matrix models to demonstrate the biological properties of eigenvalues and eigenvectors. For Ordinary Differential Equations, we show how using a logistic growth…
Biological Applications in the Mathematics Curriculum
Marland, Eric; Palmer, Katrina M.; Salinas, Rene A.
2008-01-01
In this article we provide two detailed examples of how we incorporate biological examples into two mathematics courses: Linear Algebra and Ordinary Differential Equations. We use Leslie matrix models to demonstrate the biological properties of eigenvalues and eigenvectors. For Ordinary Differential Equations, we show how using a logistic growth…
Emesini, Nnenna Orieoma
2016-01-01
The paper examined the leadership aspect of Hidden Curriculum that students practice in Nigerian Universities and their contributions to university governance. Four research questions guided the study and Ex-Post-Facto Method was adopted as the design. Unstructured interviews with staff/students officials cum critical analysis of Students' Union…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Antonijević Radovan M.
2006-01-01
Full Text Available This paper considers the main results and some educational implications of the TIMSS 2003 assessment conducted in Serbia, in the fields of mathematics achievement of Serbian eighth grade students and the mathematics curriculum context of their achievement. It was confirmed that Serbian eighth graders have made average scale score of 477 points, and with this achievement they are placed in the zone of intermediate international benchmarking level. The average mathematics achievement of the Serbian eighth graders is somewhat above the average international mathematics achievement. The best result was achieved in the content domain of "algebra", and the lower result in the content domains of "measurement" and "data". In the defined cognitive domains the Serbian students have achieved the best results in "solving routine problems" and "knowing facts and procedures", and the weaker result in "reasoning". Statistically significant difference was found in the mathematics achievement between girls and boys in the Serbian TIMSS 2003 sample, so the girls’ average scale score was 480 points and the same value for the boys was 473 points. The achieved results raise many questions about the contents of mathematics curriculum in Serbia, its quality and basic characteristics of its implementation. These results can be eligibly used to improve the mathematics curriculum and teaching in Serbian primary school.
On the hidden curriculum of the mouse click: An anthropologically drama
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tobias Werler
2008-11-01
Full Text Available Any process of education is media based. But the advent of computer based media in the classroom caused a qualitative change. This new type of media serves as a bodily and cognitive extension of man. The aim of the article is to demonstrate educational consequences of these new anthropologically premises. The article discusses the structure and concept of digital communication culture as it denies the existence of spatial distance. The click option of the mouse will be framed as digital communications hidden curriculum. In order to navigate in the digital world of education the texts concludes with that man has to develop sign-literacy to be able to master the iconic turn in education.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kürşat YENİLMEZ
2013-06-01
Full Text Available Purpose: There are mathematical behaviors in all levels from the preschool education to higher education programs. These behaviors are in mathematics curriculum as objectives. Elementary Mathematics (6-8th grades curriculum was developed in 2005 at last and applied gradually from the 6th grade in 2006-2007 academic year. Thematic approach was considered in regulating context in new mathematics curriculum and determined learning domains and sub learning domains. Some subjects were taken out and some new subjects were added in developing program studies. Patterns and relations in integers, translation, tessellations, structural drawings, transformation geometry, fractals, geometric movements, histogram, kinds of probability, standard deviation, combination, perspective drawings, intersections of objects, polyhedral objects, symmetries of geometric objects are some new subjects in mathematics (6-8th grades curriculum. Patterns and relations in integers and special number patterns are in Patterns and Relations in Algebra learning domain, translation, reflection, rotation, geometric movements and symmetries of geometric objects, tessellations and fractal, structural drawings, intersections of objects and polyhedral objects are in Geometry learning domain, histogram, kinds of probability, standard deviation, combination are in Probability and Statistics learning domain. The purpose of this study was to determine mathematics teachers’ opinions and qualifications about new sub learning domains in elementary mathematics (6-8th grades curriculum. The descriptive survey method was used in the study. The work group of the study consists of 27 mathematics teachers from primary schools in Tekirdağ. Data were collected by a questionnaire which has been developed by the researchers. The questionnaire has 9 open-ended and 17 close-ended questions. Open-ended questions were used to determine mathematics teachers’ views about new sub learning domains were
Remillard, Janine T., Ed.; Herbel-Eisenmann, Beth A., Ed.; Lloyd, Gwendolyn M., Ed.
2011-01-01
This book compiles and synthesizes existing research on teachers' use of mathematics curriculum materials and the impact of curriculum materials on teaching and teachers, with a particular emphasis on--but not restricted to--those materials developed in the 1990s in response to the NCTM's Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. Despite…
Basaran, Mehmet; Özalp, Gülümser; Kalender, Ilker; Alacaci, Cengiz
2015-01-01
One important function of school mathematics curriculum is to prepare high school students with the knowledge and skills needed for university education. Identifying them empirically will help making sound decisions about the contents of high school mathematics curriculum. It will also help students to make informed choices in course selection at…
Basaran, Mehmet; Özalp, Gülümser; Kalender, Ilker; Alacaci, Cengiz
2015-01-01
One important function of school mathematics curriculum is to prepare high school students with the knowledge and skills needed for university education. Identifying them empirically will help making sound decisions about the contents of high school mathematics curriculum. It will also help students to make informed choices in course selection at…
Inquiry-Based Mathematics Curriculum Design for Young Children-Teaching Experiment and Reflection
Wu, Su-Chiao; Lin, Fou-Lai
2016-01-01
A group of teacher educators and practitioners in mathematics education and early childhood education generalized a set of inquiry-based mathematics models for Taiwanese young children of ages 3-6 and designed a series of inquiry-based mathematics curriculum tasks in cultivate the children's diverse mathematical concepts and mathematical power. In…
Estigma e currículo oculto Stigma and hidden curriculum
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rita de Cássia Barbosa Paiva Magalhães
2011-08-01
Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo - um ensaio teórico - é realizar uma discussão sobre estigma e suas formas de manifestação no currículo da escola, tomando por base a noção de currículo oculto. Esta discussão será realizada tendo como pano de fundo os processos de escolarização de alunos com deficiência. Os processos de estigmatização no âmbito da vida social são muitos e têm múltiplas manifestações. O estigma depende diretamente da existência de alguma forma de julgamento que cria categorias de sujeitos considerados socialmente "desacreditáveis". Isto pode repercutir de forma avassaladora no processo de constituição de identidades e na forma como instituições, como a escola, lida com os processos de ensino e aprendizagem para alunos que historicamente são estigmatizados, tais como os que apresentam deficiências. As situações de estigmatização e discriminação evidenciadas na escola são construções sociais e se personificam no contexto do currículo. Consubstanciadas no denominado corpus formal de conhecimento escolar (conteúdos curriculares, nas ações cotidianas da escola (currículo em ação e no denominado currículo oculto. Os desdobramentos ideológicos e a legitimação são sedimentados em aspectos explícitos e implícitos do currículo e situam-se em sua materialidade e no domínio do simbólico. Nestes dois âmbitos as questões da educação das pessoas com deficiência podem ser observadas, em situações que evidenciam a presença de estigmas e preconceito sob a aparente inclusão escolar. Em plena efervescência da chamada Educação Inclusiva investigações na confluência entre currículo e estigma podem ser oportunas na busca pela construção de currículos mais atentos a diversidade humana.The purpose of this article - a theoretical essay - is to conduct a discussion about stigma and its manifestations in the school curriculum, based on the notion of Hidden Curriculum. This discussion will be
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
E. De la Poza
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The fact that women are abused by their male partner is something that happens worldwide in the 21st century. In numerous cases, abuse only becomes publicly known when a fatal event occurs and is beyond any possible remedy, that is, when men murder their female partner. Since 2003, 793 (September 4, 2015 women have been assassinated by their significant other or excouple in Spain. Only 7.2% of murdered women had reported their fear and previous intimate partner violence (IPV to the police. Even when the number of female victims is comparable to the number of victims by terrorism, the Government has not assigned an equal amount of resources to diminish the magnitude of this hidden social problem. In this paper, a mathematical epidemiological model to forecast intimate partner violence in Spain is constructed. Both psychological and physical aggressor subpopulations are predicted and simulated. The model’s robustness versus uncertain parameters is studied by a sensitivity analysis.
Teaching a High-Level Contextualized Mathematics Curriculum to Adult Basic Learners
Showalter, Daniel A.; Wollett, Chelsie; Reynolds, Sharon
2014-01-01
This paper reports on the implementation of a high level contextualized mathematics curriculum by 12 adult basic instructors in a midwestern state. The 10-week pilot curriculum embedded high level mathematics in contexts that were familiar to adult learners. Instructors' weekly online posts were coded, and the following themes emerged: (a)…
Teaching a High-Level Contextualized Mathematics Curriculum to Adult Basic Learners
Showalter, Daniel A.; Wollett, Chelsie; Reynolds, Sharon
2014-01-01
This paper reports on the implementation of a high level contextualized mathematics curriculum by 12 adult basic instructors in a midwestern state. The 10-week pilot curriculum embedded high level mathematics in contexts that were familiar to adult learners. Instructors' weekly online posts were coded, and the following themes emerged: (a)…
An Analysis of the New Elementary Mathematics Teacher Education Curriculum in Turkey
Isiksal, Mine; Koc, Yusuf; Bulut, Safure; Atay-Turhan, Tulay
2007-01-01
The purpose of this paper is to describe and reflect on the changes in the new elementary mathematics teacher education curriculum in Turkey. It is our goal to share the revised teacher education curriculum with the outside mathematics teacher education community. The paper is organized around four major sections: An overview of the teacher…
An Analysis of the New 9-Year Basic Education Mathematics Curriculum in Nigeria
Awofala, Adeneye O. A.
2012-01-01
The intention of this paper is to describe and reflect on the changes in the new 9-year basic education mathematics curriculum in Nigeria. The paper is divided into four major themes: history of curriculum development in mathematics education at the basic education level in Nigeria, the motivations for the revision of the primary and junior…
The Challenge of Learning Physics before Mathematics: A Case Study of Curriculum Change in Taiwan
Chiu, Mei-Shiu
2016-01-01
The aim of this study was to identify challenges in implementing a physics-before- 10 mathematics curriculum. Obviously, students need to learn necessary mathematics skills in order to develop advanced physics knowledge. In the 2010 high school curriculum in Taiwan, however, grade 11 science students study two-dimensional motion in physics without…
Gujarati, Joan
2011-01-01
This article examines three early career elementary teachers' orientations toward standards-based mathematics curriculum implementation in New York City public schools. It is important to have a greater understanding of teachers who are responsible for enacting standards-based curriculum in authentic teaching situations in order to learn more…
Li, Qiong; Ni, Yu-jing
2012-01-01
Focusing on the case of mathematics, this paper reviews debates on China's new Basic Education Curriculum Reform program, including the status of knowledge within the reformed curriculum, the arrangement of the curriculum system, and the push toward real-life applicability and hands-on participation. It discusses the related challenges that…
Berman, David; And Others
The Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) is a unified mathematics curriculum for grades K-7. The curriculum is cyclical in design, and reflects the most recent New York City and New York State guidelines. Utilizing the experience of classroom teachers, a teacher-designed curriculum was developed that includes a rich selection of…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This is the teacher's manual to accompany part 2 of the workbook for kindergarten pupils in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System, a teacher-designed unified mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade 7. It is composed of a curriculum, a testing component, and a computer-managed reporting system. The curriculum is organized…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This is the teacher's manual to accompany part of the workbook for kindergarten pupils in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System, a teacher-designed unified mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade 7. It is composed of a curriculum, a testing component, and a computer-managed reporting system. The curriculum is organized…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This is the teacher's manual to accompany part 1 of the workbook for grade 2 pupils in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System, a teacher-designed unified mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade 7. It is composed of a curriculum, a testing component, and a computer-managed reporting system. The curriculum is organized into…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This is the teacher's manual to accompany part 2 of the workbook for grade 1 pupils in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System, a teacher-designed unified mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade 7. It is composed of a curriculum, a testing component, and a computer-managed reporting system. The curriculum is organized into…
Ewen, Shaun; Mazel, Odette; Knoche, Debra
2012-02-01
The disparity in health status between Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Australia and New Zealand is widely known, and efforts to address this through medical education are evidenced by initiatives such as the Committee of Deans of Australian Medical Schools' Indigenous Health Curriculum Framework. These efforts have focused primarily on formal curriculum reform. In this article, the authors discuss the role of the hidden curriculum in influencing the teaching and learning of Indigenous health (i.e., the health of Indigenous people) during medical training and suggest that in order to achieve significant changes in learning outcomes, there needs to be better alignment of the formal and hidden curriculum. They describe the Critical Reflection Tool as a potential resource through which educators might begin to identify the dimensions of their institution's hidden curricula. If used effectively, the process may guide institutions to better equip medical school graduates with the training necessary to advance changes in Indigenous health.
More than an education: the hidden curriculum, professional attitudes and career choice.
Phillips, Susan P; Clarke, Matthew
2012-09-01
In this qualitative study we examine how teachers' egalitarian or discriminatory behaviours and values at odds with those of the individual learner or the institution are perceived and absorbed by students, and how this hidden curriculum shapes the doctors students become. During 2011, a total of 120 randomly selected medical students from each class at three Canadian medical schools were electronically asked for examples of teachers' words, attitudes or behaviours that discriminated against or promoted equality towards a group or groups of doctors or patients. We examined the content of participants' examples of unexpected messages and their reactions to these. Responses were aggregated, sorted and coded for conceptual themes. An independent qualitative researcher repeated the analytic process and then engaged in discussion with us to reach consensus on themes and meanings. The 76 (63%) respondents noted that attitudes in keeping with universally held, institutional values of equality towards, for example, homosexuals or marginalised populations were expressed, but also described role-modelling at odds with this. Patient characteristics such as obesity, drug abuse, mental illness and poverty were presented as signs of individual weakness or moral failing. Some teachers assumed immigrant status based on a student's or patient's skin colour or last name. Respondents described how women in medicine were maligned as potential surgeons and were expected to put family before career. Teachers denigrated doctors from specialties other than their own. Students reacted to discordant role-modelling by challenging, dissociating themselves, with silence or with confusion followed by attempts at individual transformation to realign careers and behaviours with those of teachers. When teaching contradicts institutional or learners' values, or is particularly inspiring, students notice and may be influenced to the extent that they rethink personal beliefs and plans to fit their
隐性课程的概念探析%Analysis of The Concept of Hidden Curriculum
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
孟二萍
2011-01-01
The hidden curriculum is after in the 1960 of the 20th century,gradually causing a world-wide education topics of interest.Although its history is not long,but soon caused great interest of many experts and scholars.This article from the perspective of curriculum theory,the predecessors of research results on the basis of learning and reference,the concept of hidden curriculum has been defined.%隐性课程是20世纪60年代以后,逐渐引起世界范围关注的教育课题。我国对其研究历史不长,但很快引起众多专家学者的极大兴趣。从课程理论的视角,在对前人研究成果的学习和借鉴基础上,隐性课程可界定为,教育者为了实现教育目标,在课堂内外的教育情景中,有计划地以间接、内隐的方式,通过受教育者无意识的非特定心理反应,使受教育者获得知情意行等整体性教育经验的那些内容和要素的总和。
A Curriculum Innovation Framework for Science, Technology and Mathematics Education
Tytler, Russell; Symington, David; Smith, Craig
2011-01-01
There is growing concern about falling levels of student engagement with school science, as evidenced by studies of student attitudes, and decreasing participation at the post compulsory level. One major response to this, the Australian School Innovation in Science, Technology and Mathematics (ASISTM) initiative, involves partnerships between schools and community and industry organisations in developing curriculum projects at the local level. This project fulfils many of the conditions advocated to engage students in learning in the sciences. ASISTM is underpinned by the notion of innovation. This paper describes the findings of case study research in which 16 ASISTM projects were selected as innovation exemplars. A definition of innovation and an innovation framework were developed, through which the case studies were analysed to make sense of the significance of the ideas and practices, participating actors, and outcomes of the projects. Through this analysis we argue that innovation is a powerful idea for framing curriculum development in the sciences at the local level that is generative for students and teachers, and that these ASISTM projects provide valuable models for engaging students, and for teacher professional learning.
Macintyre, Tom; Hamilton, Sheila
2010-01-01
One of the challenges for policy-makers and educationalists today is to increase participation levels and success rates within the study of mathematics. Patterns of inclusion and exclusion in mathematics education are difficult to tie down but it is widely recognised that there are issues about "maths" that affect participation. For…
Examination of Mathematics Intended Curriculum in China from an International Perspective
Wang, Yehui; Bian, Yufang; Xin, Tao; Kher, Neelam; Houang, Richard T.; Schmidt, William H.
2012-01-01
This study aimed to examine and track the transformations in the mathematics intended curriculum during the latest reform in China from a neutral and objective perspective. Following the document analysis used in TIMSS (the Third International Mathematics and Science Study), the results indicated that a more modern system of mathematics knowledge…
What Would the Mathematics Curriculum Look Like if Values Were the Focus?
Seah, Wee Tiong; Andersson, Annica; Bishop, Alan; Clarkson, Philip
2016-01-01
The crucial reason for the common dislike, fear, and even hatred of mathematics by students and others is probably not the nature of mathematics itself, but the way the subject is portrayed and taught. We propose that instead of a mathematics curriculum that focuses on concepts and techniques (which is often seen), it might be more productive if…
What Works Clearinghouse, 2011
2011-01-01
The "University of Chicago School Mathematics Project ("UCSMP") 6-12 Curriculum" is a series of yearlong courses--(1) Transition Mathematics; (2) Algebra; (3) Geometry; (4) Advanced Algebra; (5) Functions, Statistics, and Trigonometry; and (6) Precalculus and Discrete Mathematics--emphasizing problem solving, real-world applications, and the use…
The Development of the Estonian National School Mathematics Curriculum in 1990-2005
Afanasjev, Juri; Lepmann, Tiit
2006-01-01
The article describes the development of the Estonian school mathematics syllabus in 1990-2005 on the context of changes in the national general education curriculum. The major steps of the development, the background and the main problems are observed: project of the Estonian mathematics syllabus from 1989; first mathematics syllabuses…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M Sharifjaafari
2016-07-01
Full Text Available Introduction: Researches show that medical professionalism is threatened and it is needed a proper educational intervention. Hidden curriculum plays a very important role of transmission of professional values. Most of expert curriculum planners found that the effects of the hidden curriculum of education from the educational dimensions, in particular, in transmission of values and norms is far more powerful than the obvious curriculum. Methods: In this qualitative content analysis, 15 students individually and 9 students in one group were selected in Bushehr University of Medical Sciences and semistructures interview was done. Participants of this study were medical students, nursing and midwifery students, operating room and anesthesia students in Bushehr University of Medical Sciences. Data were analyzed by using content analysis in seven steps. The accuracy of data was confirmed from various methods. Conclusion: After coding and categorizing the obtained data, the students mentioned to the three main themes as the hidden curriculum role in transition of professional characteristic. These three main roles were "communication", "principles, laws and regulations" and "supportive atmosphere". Results: Inappropriate organizational structure in the health system created some serious obstacles in the paths of professionalism. Based on the findings, some factors were considered as facilitating professionalism. They included having a good relationship, having encouragement and support system, and having the rules facilitate professionalism and organizations as well as organizational and managerial failures of Ministry of Health, educational system and lack of attention to the hidden curriculum in the transfer of professionalism were considered as inhibitors.
Doabler, Christian T.; Clarke, Ben; Fien, Hank; Baker, Scott K.; Kosty, Derek B.; Cary, Mari Strand
2015-01-01
The production of an effective mathematics curriculum begins with a scientific development, evaluation, and revision framework. The purpose of this study was to conduct an initial investigation of a recently developed Tier 2 mathematics curriculum designed to improve the outcomes of first grade students at risk for mathematics difficulties (MD).…
Doabler, Christian T.; Clarke, Ben; Fien, Hank; Baker, Scott K.; Kosty, Derek B.; Cary, Mari Strand
2015-01-01
The production of an effective mathematics curriculum begins with a scientific development, evaluation, and revision framework. The purpose of this study was to conduct an initial investigation of a recently developed Tier 2 mathematics curriculum designed to improve the outcomes of first grade students at risk for mathematics difficulties (MD).…
Curriculum Planning and Development in Mathematics from the Formative Stages
Festus, Azuka Benard; Kurumeh, Mary Seraphina
2015-01-01
Curriculum of a school consists of all the experiences that a learner encounters under the direction of the school. The curriculum of any educational system is planned and developed according to the needs of the society. Just as the society is dynamic, the curriculum is also dynamic. Hence, curriculum is usually changed from time to time. This…
2007-01-01
The integration of discrete mathematics into the secondary school curriculum (grades 7-12) is an important consideration because the mathematical area is dynamic and interesting, providing students the development of mathematical thinking. Also, it provides for teachers the opportunity to develop innovative mathematics instruction. Since the publication of the document Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics (NCTM, 1989), it has been difficult to determine how many schools ...
Hodges, Thomas E.; Jong, Cindy
2014-01-01
The authors drew upon Remillard and Bryans' categorization of curriculum use in observating two middle-grade teachers' integration of Standards-based curriculum materials produced by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Each teacher participated in a two-year professional development program focused on increasing content knowledge and…
Mathematics Curriculum Outline and Sample Activities for Gifted Students Grades 2 through 8.
Barson, Alan; And Others
This document includes a statement of 11 basic considerations for a mathematics curriculum for the gifted in grades two through eight and a series of activities appropriate for such a curriculum. The activities are grouped under five strands: (1) logic; (2) combinations (combinatorics), probability, introduction to statistics; (3) geometry,…
Mathematics curriculum development and indigenous language revitalisation: contested spaces
McMurchy-Pilkington, Colleen; Trinick, Tony; Meaney, Tamsin
2013-09-01
This paper examines the development of two iterations of mathematics curricula over a 15-year period for classrooms teaching in te reo Māori, the endangered Indigenous language of Aotearoa New Zealand. Similarities and differences between the two iterations are identified. Although parameters set by the New Zealand Ministry of Education about what the curricula would look like and how they would be developed were not always commensurate with Māori aspirations, analysis suggests that Māori were able to use opportunities to ensure that their agendas for language development and revitalisation were achieved. Spaces were made available because of the government's ideological assumptions, but were used by Māori to achieve their ideological aims. However, neither iteration was smooth, with Māori having to determine how to operate within these contested spaces. The result of Māori requirements to have language recognised as an important issue was that both process and product of curriculum development were affected.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘雨
2015-01-01
Hidden curriculum contains four parts:materially hidden curriculum, spiritually hidden curriculum, ethologically hid⁃den curriculum and institutionally hidden curriculum. As an independent form of curriculum, hidden curriculum plays a significant part in curriculum reform. The article first illustrates the origin of hidden curriculum, its definition, its classification and character⁃istics. It then makes an analysis of the implications of hidden curriculum in English teaching reform. The incorporation of hidden curriculum to the education system is an indispensable trend of English teaching reform. Based on the characteristics of hidden cur⁃riculum, the article puts forward some exercisable strategies on how to design them to enhance students’self-access to English learning.%隐性课程分为物质性、精神性、制度性和行为性隐性课程。隐性课程作为一种独立的课程形态，在课程体系中处于极其重要的地位。论文简要论述了隐性课程概念的提出、范畴的界定、分类及特点，阐明了隐性课程对英语教学改革的意义，认为将隐性课程纳入课程体系是英语教学改革的一种趋势和必然。根据隐性课程的特点提出了利用英语专业隐性课程培养学生自主学习能力的策略。
Baker, Marissa H.; Ng-He, Carol; Lopez-Bosch, Maria Acaso
2008-01-01
In 2005, Maria Acaso, professor in Art Education at the Universidad Complutense Madrid in Spain and a co-author of this article, conducted a comparative research project on visual configurations at different art schools in Europe and the United States. The study of hidden visual curriculum examines how knowledge and cultural/political/social…
Baker, Marissa H.; Ng-He, Carol; Lopez-Bosch, Maria Acaso
2008-01-01
In 2005, Maria Acaso, professor in Art Education at the Universidad Complutense Madrid in Spain and a co-author of this article, conducted a comparative research project on visual configurations at different art schools in Europe and the United States. The study of hidden visual curriculum examines how knowledge and cultural/political/social…
Pepin, B.; Gueudet, G.; Trouche, L.
2017-01-01
The goal of this conceptual paper is to develop enhanced understandings of mathematics teacher design and design capacity when interacting with digital curriculum resources. We argue that digital resources in particular offer incentives and increasing opportunities for mathematics teachers' design, both individually and in collectives. Indeed they…
McDonel, Jennifer S.
2013-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine children's musical and mathematical behaviors as they participated in an interdisciplinary pre-K curriculum. Research questions were: 1. What connections--if any--do young children make between music learning and mathematics learning? 2. Is there a relationship between young children's emergent rhythm…
Jama, Mohamed A. F.
This study sought to evaluate the mathematics curriculum of the Halane Teacher Training Institute in Somalia with a view toward: (1) determining its weaknesses and recommending measures for improvement; (2) examining its relevance to the present needs of the Somali society; (3) determining the suitability of instructional materials and other…
Secondary Schools Curriculum Guide, Mathematics, Grades 10-12. Revised.
Cranston School Dept., RI.
Behavioral objectives for grades 10 through 12 are specified for plane geometry, algebra, general mathematics, computer mathematics, slide rule mathematics, basic college mathematics, trigonometry, analytic geometry, calculus and probability. Most sections present material in terms of portions of a school year. At least one major objective is…
The Challenge of Learning Physics Before Mathematics: A Case Study of Curriculum Change in Taiwan
Chiu, Mei-Shiu
2015-11-01
The aim of this study was to identify challenges in implementing a physics-before- 10 mathematics curriculum. Obviously, students need to learn necessary mathematics skills in order to develop advanced physics knowledge. In the 2010 high school curriculum in Taiwan, however, grade 11 science students study two-dimensional motion in physics without prior learning experiences of trigonometry in mathematics. The perspectives of three curriculum developers, 22 mathematics and physics teachers, two principals, and 45 science students were obtained by interview. The results of qualitative data analysis revealed six challenges and suggested likely solutions. The national level includes political and social challenges, resolved by respecting teachers as professionals; the teacher level includes knowledge and teaching challenges, resolved by increasing teacher trans-literal capacities; and the student level includes learning and justice challenges, resolved by focusing on students' diverse developments in cross-domain learning.
The Challenge of Learning Physics Before Mathematics: A Case Study of Curriculum Change in Taiwan
Chiu, Mei-Shiu
2016-12-01
The aim of this study was to identify challenges in implementing a physics-before- 10 mathematics curriculum. Obviously, students need to learn necessary mathematics skills in order to develop advanced physics knowledge. In the 2010 high school curriculum in Taiwan, however, grade 11 science students study two-dimensional motion in physics without prior learning experiences of trigonometry in mathematics. The perspectives of three curriculum developers, 22 mathematics and physics teachers, two principals, and 45 science students were obtained by interview. The results of qualitative data analysis revealed six challenges and suggested likely solutions. The national level includes political and social challenges, resolved by respecting teachers as professionals; the teacher level includes knowledge and teaching challenges, resolved by increasing teacher trans-literal capacities; and the student level includes learning and justice challenges, resolved by focusing on students' diverse developments in cross-domain learning.
The Sports Hidden Curriculum Based on Nurturance Education Concept%基于养成教育理念的体育隐性课程的探讨
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
翟晓敏
2015-01-01
近年来体育隐性课程开发研究逐渐深入，但现有的研究对隐性课程教育性并未重视，基于养成教育理念来研究体育隐性课程开发，不仅能从体育课堂要素中挖掘出具有教育价值的课程，更能体现隐性课程的教育性本质。%In recent years,the recessive curriculum research of sports is developing,but the existing research doesn't pay atten-tion to it.Studying sports hidden curriculum development based on the formative education concept can not only excavate ele-ments from the sports course,course of education value,but also reflect the educational essence of hidden curriculum.
The Development of e-tutorial on Implementation National Curriculum 2013 for Mathematics Teacher
Roza, Yenita; Satria, Gita; Nur Siregar, Syarifah
2017-06-01
Curriculum 2013 is the new national Curriculum in Indonesia that is targeted to be used in all Indonesian schools in 2019. At this time the teacher training continues but the number and locations of teachers very diffuse and time constraints to be an obstacle for the government to be able to conduct training for teachers. This research resulted in the e-tutorial which is designed for mathematics teachers in studying the process of Curriculum implementation. This product will assist the government in accelerating the preparation of teachers in implementation of Curriculum 2013. This e-tutorial contains the dynamics of Curriculum development, learning model, learning assessment, lesson plan, curriculum stages of implementation and government regulation that is relevant to the implementation of Curriculum 2013. The product development started with a needs analysis through discussions with mathematics teachers about their difficulties in the implementation of the Curriculum 2013. This e-tutorial was developed using Application of Adobe Director 11. This paper discusses the results of need analysis, process development and results of product revisions made based on input from teachers during the FGD. From the discussion, it can be concluded that this e-tutorial easily understood by teachers and help them to understand the implementation of Curriculum 2013
Jitendra, Asha K.; Dupuis, Danielle N.; Zaslofsky, Anne F.
2014-01-01
This purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of a curriculum-based measure of word problem solving (CBM-WPS) as an indicator of performance and progress in a sample of 136 third-grade students at risk for mathematics difficulties (MDs) instructed in a standards-based mathematics curriculum. Students completed the CBM-WPS…
Effects of Curriculum Reform on Mathematics Achievement in Grade Six.
Moray, Joseph
This investigation measured effects of the modern mathematics on achievement in traditional arithmetic and in modern mathematics. Material on Sets, Variables, and Statistics was taught as a separate subject to an experimental group of 207 sixth-grade students. Instruction in the new mathematics content was given over a four-month period, using…
Hidden Student Voice: A Curriculum of a Middle School Science Class Heard through Currere
Crooks, Kathleen Schwartz
2012-01-01
Students have their own lenses through which they view school science and the students' views are often left out of educational conversations which directly affect the students themselves. Pinar's (2004) definition of curriculum as a "complicated conversation" implies that the class' voice is important, as important as the teacher's voice, to the…
International Content as Hidden Curriculum in Business Statistics: An Overlooked Opportunity
Sebastianelli, Rose; Trussler, Susan
2006-01-01
We revisit the issue of internationalizing the required course in business statistics as a means for introducing international subject matter earlier in the undergraduate business curriculum. A survey of sophomore business students indicates that their level of international knowledge is poor. The results are strikingly similar to a decade ago.…
Enhancing Undergraduate Mathematics Curriculum via Coding Theory and Cryptography
Aydin, Nuh
2009-01-01
The theory of error-correcting codes and cryptography are two relatively recent applications of mathematics to information and communication systems. The mathematical tools used in these fields generally come from algebra, elementary number theory, and combinatorics, including concepts from computational complexity. It is possible to introduce the…
Reaction Paper on Remediation in the Community College Mathematics Curriculum.
Robinson, Shawn
Remedial mathematics has taken several forms over the years--across the nation, within departments, and among mathematics instructors. There is a growing debate over the effectiveness of remedial courses in relationship to eventual student matriculation, which increases institution funding. The use of technology, real-life problems and projects,…
Contradictions and shifts in teaching with a new curriculum: The role of mathematics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Stouraitis, Konstantinos; Potari, Despina; Skott, Jeppe
2015-01-01
In the framework of Cultural Historical Activity Theory (AT) contradictions are sources of change and development. Borrowing concepts from AT we attempt an interpretation of identified contradictions in a collaborative context where teachers plan and evaluate their teaching in the process...... of enacting a new mathematics curriculum. We examine the connection between contradictions and shifts in teaching activity, with a special focus on the mathematical character of these contradictions. We claim that dialectical oppositions lying in the background of these contradictions promote teachers...
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Akrim Mariyat
2011-06-01
Full Text Available Pondok Modern Gontor, as a modern type of pesantren, grows very fast inthe term of quality and quantity, the amount of applicants is growing everyyear, and its graduates spread through Indonesian provincies. They take variouskinds of role e.g politicians, traders, civil-servants, rectors, deans, teachers,lecturers, doctors, muballighs, religious leadders, head of pesantrens etc.Due to the variety of occupation they take, and status they gain, it raisedsome questions related to the notion as well as the phylosophy of PondokModern, the curriculum they provide and the process they carried out. One ofthe answers is probably because the Pondok run boarding school system whichmakes Pondok Modern different from other educational institutions in general.By this system many kinds of educational process in the form of pro grammeand activities could be easily undertaken, because the three centres of education(home - school - community are mixed in one campus. Students are accustomedto practice “learning by doing” method and are supervised by their elders andteachers.Questions emerge due to the uniqueness of Pondok Modern eg. Whydid Gontor adopt boarding school system? How was the curriculum constructedand applied? And there are still a lot more questions related to this matter. Thispaper tries to offer some answers to these questions.
Examining Development of Curriculum Knowledge of Prospective Mathematics Teachers
Sahin, Ömer; Soylu, Yasin
2017-01-01
Explanatory-confirmatory research design, one of the mixed methods research designs, was used in this study to investigate Curriculum Knowledge developments of prospective teachers regarding algebra. Cross-sectional study method, as a type of descriptive research and one of the non-experimental research designs, was used to collect quantitative…
Fallin-Bennett, Keisa
2015-05-01
Despite many recent advances in rights for sexual and gender minorities in the United States, bias against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people still exists. In this Commentary, the author briefly reviews disparities with regard to LGBT health, in both health care and medical education, and discusses the implications of Burke and colleagues’ study of implicit and explicit biases against lesbian and gay people among heterosexual first-year medical students, published in this issue of Academic Medicine. Emphasis is placed on the ways in which physicians’ implicit bias against LGBT people can create a cycle that perpetuates a professional climate reinforcing the bias. The hidden curriculum in academic health centers is discussed as both a cause of this cycle and as a starting point for a research and intervention agenda. The findings from Burke and colleagues’ study, as well as other evidence, support raising awareness of LGBT discrimination, increasing exposure to LGBT individuals as colleagues and role models in academic health centers, and modifying medical education curricula as methods to break the cycle of implicit bias in medicine.
Some Implications of Function Graphers for the Mathematics Curriculum.
Kissane, Barry
1989-01-01
Discusses the use of function graphers for teaching some mathematical concepts, including roots of a function; system of equations; inequality; relative extreme of function; trigonometric identities; limit of function; and convergent/divergent of sequence. (YP)
Achuonye, Keziah Akuoma
2015-01-01
This descriptive survey is hinged on predominant teaching strategies in schools, implications for curriculum implementation in Mathematics, Science and Technology. Target population consisted of teachers in primary, secondary and tertiary schools. However, purposive sample of 900 respondents was drawn from the six BRACED states namely Bayelsa,…
Puerto Rico State Dept. of Education, Hato Rey. Office of Special Education.
The fundamental importance of basic mathematics to daily life is emphasized in this teacher's guide for special education teachers in Puerto Rico. While it is necessary for the teacher to determine the needs and abilities of each student and adapt the curriculum accordingly, this guide presents, in Spanish, a set of lesson plans, each with an…
Developing Fair Tests for Mathematics Curriculum Comparison Studies: The Role of Content Analyses
Chavez, Oscar; Papick, Ira; Ross, Daniel J.; Grouws, Douglas A.
2011-01-01
This article describes the process of development of assessment instruments for a three-year longitudinal comparative study that focused on evaluating American high school students' mathematics learning from two distinct approaches to content organization: curriculum built around a sequence of three full-year courses (Algebra 1, Geometry, and…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The major goal of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System for mathematics is to provide the classroom teacher in New York City with a well-structured, objective-based curriculum. This first part of the manual for Level 3 includes modules for 14 topics: (1) numbers and numeration; (2) addition of whole numbers; (3) subtraction of whole…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
The major goal of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) for mathematics is to provide classroom teachers in New York City with a well-structured, objective-based curriculum. This second part of the manual for Level 2 includes modules for 12 topics: numbers and numeration; addition of whole numbers; subtraction of whole numbers;…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The major goal of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System for mathematics is to provide the classroom teacher in New York City with a well-structured, objective-based curriculum. This second part of the manual for Level 4 includes modules for 14 topics: (1) numbers and numeration; (2) addition of whole numbers; (3) subtraction of whole…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The major goal of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System for mathematics is to provide the classroom teacher in New York City with a well-structured, objective-based curriculum. This first part of the manual for Level 4 includes modules for 14 topics: (1) numbers and numeration; (2) addition of whole numbers; (3) subtraction of whole…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This document is the answer key for level 1 of the teacher-developed mathematics curriculum for New York City Schools. Approximately 220 performance objectives are listed, with reference to the appropriate worksheet for each. The answers are indicated on replicas of the pages in the children's workbooks. (MNS)
Johnson, Dorothy C.; And Others
This document is the answer key for level 6 of the teacher-developed experimental mathematics curriculum for New York City schools. Approximately 250 performance objectives are listed, with reference to the appropriate worksheet(s) for each. The answers are typed in the appropriate space on each sheet. (YP)
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
The major goal of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) for mathematics is to provide the classroom teacher in New York City with a well-structured, objective-based curriculum. This first part of the manual for Level 2 includes varied numbers of modules for 12 topics: numbers and numeration; addition of whole numbers;…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The major goal of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System for mathematics is to provide the classroom teacher in New York City with a well-structured, objective-based curriculum. This second part of the manual for Level 3 includes modules for 14 topics: (1) numbers and numeration; (2) addition of whole numbers; (3) subtraction of whole…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This document is part 1 of the workbook for grade 1 pupils in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System, a unified mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade 7. Each objective is developed by a variety of strategies, with mastery of objectives diagnosed through a testing component. The activities in the student workbook are…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This document is part 1 of the workbook for kindergarten pupils in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System, a unified mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade 7. Each objective is developed by a variety of strategies, with mastery of objectives diagnosed through a testing component. The activities in the student workbook are…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
This document is part 2 of the workbook for grade 1 pupils in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System, a unified mathematics curriculum for kindergarten through grade 7. Each objective is developed by a variety of strategies, with mastery of objectives diagnosed through a testing component. The activities in the student workbook are…
Achuonye, Keziah Akuoma
2015-01-01
This descriptive survey is hinged on predominant teaching strategies in schools, implications for curriculum implementation in Mathematics, Science and Technology. Target population consisted of teachers in primary, secondary and tertiary schools. However, purposive sample of 900 respondents was drawn from the six BRACED states namely Bayelsa,…
An Analysis of the Competency-Based Secondary Mathematics Curriculum in Sri Lanka
Egodawatte, Gunawardena
2014-01-01
In education, there is a growing interest in the concept of "competency" especially in vocational training and professional development. The concept is strongly associated with the ability to apply knowledge and skills in effective ways in unanticipated situations. In Sri Lanka, a new competency-based mathematics curriculum was…
Data Analysis in the K-12 Mathematics Curriculum: Teaching the Teachers.
Scheaffer, Richard L.
2002-01-01
Provides an overview of the structure of data analysis, the interrelationship between data analysis and probability, and the connection between data analysis and other components of the mathematics curriculum. Presents a possible order for topics being consistent with modern statistical practice and allows the topics to grow as students moves…
Co-operative learning and adaptive instruction in a mathematics curriculum
Terwel, J.; Herfs, P.G.P.; Mertens, E.H.M.; Perrenet, J.Chr.
1994-01-01
The AGO 12 to 16 Project (the acronym AGO stands for the Dutch equivalent of 'Adaptive Instruction and Co-operative Learning') seeks to develop and evaluate a mathematics curriculum which is suitable for mixed-ability groups in secondary education. The research questions we will address here are, fi
Dong, Lianchun; Seah, Wee Tiong; Clarke, David
2015-01-01
This study examines a teacher's questioning strategies in mathematics classrooms in China when implementing reform-based mathematics curriculum. It explores teacher's strategies to deal with the tensions involved in the creation of opportunities for students to express and communicate mathematics ideas while ensuring the productivity of…
Teaching Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching: Curriculum and Challenges
Kim, Yeon
2013-01-01
Over the last decade, researchers have investigated the nature and scope of mathematical knowledge for teaching (MKT) and have provided evidence that teachers' MKT plays a critical role in the effectiveness of teaching and learning. This dissertation focuses on the problem of helping teachers develop MKT. Two goals shape the research: (1) to…
Mathematics Curriculum Development and Indigenous Language Revitalisation: Contested Spaces
McMurchy-Pilkington, Colleen; Trinick, Tony; Meaney, Tamsin
2013-01-01
This paper examines the development of two iterations of mathematics curricula over a 15-year period for classrooms teaching in te reo Maori, the endangered Indigenous language of Aotearoa New Zealand. Similarities and differences between the two iterations are identified. Although parameters set by the New Zealand Ministry of Education about what…
A Curriculum Innovation Framework for Science, Technology and Mathematics Education
Tytler, Russell; Symington, David; Smith, Craig
2011-01-01
There is growing concern about falling levels of student engagement with school science, as evidenced by studies of student attitudes, and decreasing participation at the post compulsory level. One major response to this, the Australian School Innovation in Science, Technology and Mathematics (ASISTM) initiative, involves partnerships between…
Mathematics Curriculum Development and Indigenous Language Revitalisation: Contested Spaces
McMurchy-Pilkington, Colleen; Trinick, Tony; Meaney, Tamsin
2013-01-01
This paper examines the development of two iterations of mathematics curricula over a 15-year period for classrooms teaching in te reo Maori, the endangered Indigenous language of Aotearoa New Zealand. Similarities and differences between the two iterations are identified. Although parameters set by the New Zealand Ministry of Education about what…
Mathematics across the Curriculum: Poetry and the Haiku
Gough, John
2014-01-01
In this article, John Gough describes the "haiku" and its link to mathematics. A haiku is a short Japanese form of poetry, of three lines, with five syllables in the first, seven in the second, and five in the last. Although brief, a haiku is like a meditation on, or observation of, an experience, conveyed directly through objective…
Mathematics Enrichment: Grade 4. Curriculum Bulletin Number 236.
Johnston, Patsy
Enrichment activities for fourth-grade mathematics are presented. Some of the activities reinforce principles taught in the regular program; others introduce new concepts to challenge students. The activities are divided into the following categories: number pictures; multiplying or dividing by 10, 100, or 1000; tic-tac-toe word problems; map…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Lynn Bowie
2006-10-01
Full Text Available In this paper we reflect on our experience of developing mathematical literacy material for the Further Education and Training (FET band in South African schools, adult learners, university students and for participants in a youth development project. We use this experience to highlight some problems and concerns about the South African Mathematical Literacy curriculum for learners in the FET band and offer some cautions and suggestions. In particular we highlight the importance of the educational community in South Africa developing a shared understanding of what Mathematical Literacy is. We discuss the importance of distinguishing between Mathematics and Mathematical Literacy and of clarifying the role of Technology in Mathematical Literacy. We explore the difficulties and importance of a proper understanding of the contexts used to teach Mathematical Literacy and argue that more attention needs to be paid to the integration of Mathematical Literacy with other school subjects. Finally we raise some of the issues that a common final assessment task might have on the learning and teaching of Mathematical Literacy.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brecher, K.
1994-03-01
The Project ``Middle School Integrated Science, Mathematics and Technology Curriculum`` had two goals: (1) to survey the literature of energy education; and (2) to develop a theme for a possible integrated middle school energy based curriculum. We aimed to respond to the challenge of developing thematic integrated curricula as advocated by the NSTA, AAAS and other organizations analyzing the future of American science and mathematics education. The survey of middle school energy curriculum materials has been completed. A list of the resources surveyed are included in this report. Though many energy based curriculum materials have been produced, none of them appears to be broadly disseminated throughout the country. Some energy based curriculum materials are far less well developed than others. We found that an integrated set of modular materials concerning the energy based theme of light and optics does not now exist. If they were developed, they could be broadly disseminated throughout middle school courses in the physical and biological sciences, as well as in new integrated science courses proposed as part of the current science education reform movement. These types of modular materials could also provide a powerful means of student exploration of new technologies such as microcomputers.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Semiha KULA
2015-01-01
Full Text Available The aim of the study is to examine reflections of the mathematics student teachers’ knowledge related to the purposes of the national mathematics curriculum on their limit teaching. The participants were four mathematics student teachers in the final year of their program. The data were obtained from participants’ lessons plans, video recordings of their lessons in which they taught the concept of limit, and semi-structured interviews. The reflections of the mathematics student teachers’ knowledge related to the purposes of the mathematics curriculum on their limit teaching was composed of under the titles of relating real life with limit concept, relating with different areas, providing mathematical thinking and reasoning, improving ability to communicate, using mathematical language, relating mathematics with art, and using technology effectively.
Enlightening symbols a short history of mathematical notation and its hidden powers
Mazur, Joseph
2014-01-01
While all of us regularly use basic math symbols such as those for plus, minus, and equals, few of us know that many of these symbols weren't available before the sixteenth century. What did mathematicians rely on for their work before then? And how did mathematical notations evolve into what we know today? In Enlightening Symbols, popular math writer Joseph Mazur explains the fascinating history behind the development of our mathematical notation system. He shows how symbols were used initially, how one symbol replaced another over time, and how written math was conveyed before and after symbols became widely adopted. Traversing mathematical history and the foundations of numerals in different cultures, Mazur looks at how historians have disagreed over the origins of the numerical system for the past two centuries. He follows the transfigurations of algebra from a rhetorical style to a symbolic one, demonstrating that most algebra before the sixteenth century was written in prose or in verse employing the wr...
Budak, Ayfer
2015-01-01
The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of a Standards-based elementary mathematics curriculum on third grade students' mathematics performance. A total of 707 students participated in this study. Of this total, 368 students were from eight schools located within the same school district in a racially and ethnically diverse large…
Paterson, Judy; Sneddon, Jamie
2011-01-01
This article reports on the learning conversations between a mathematician and a mathematics educator as they worked together to change the delivery model of a third year discrete mathematics course from a traditional lecture mode to team-based learning (TBL). This change prompted the mathematician to create team tasks which increasingly focused…
Nicely, Robert F., Jr., Ed.; Sigmund, Thomas F., Ed.
One of the strengths of the Pennsylvania Council of Teachers of Mathematics (PCTM) is that it gives mathematicians and mathematics educators the opportunity to exchange and contribute to each other's professional growth. The topic for each yearbook is chosen to coincide with the annual PCTM meeting. This 1987 yearbook contains 14 articles which…
James, Jamie Smith
2014-01-01
The purpose of this quantitative research study was to evaluate to what degree Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) education influenced mathematics and science achievement of seventh grade students in one Middle Tennessee school district. This research used an independent samples t test at the a = 0.05 level to evaluate…
Chard, David J.; Baker, Scott K.; Clarke, Ben; Jungjohann, Kathleen; Davis, Karen; Smolkowski, Keith
2008-01-01
Concern about poor mathematics achievement in U.S. schools has increased in recent years. In part, poor achievement may be attributed to a lack of attention to early instruction and missed opportunities to build on young children's early understanding of mathematics. This study examined the development and feasibility testing of a kindergarten…
Povey, Hilary
2002-12-01
This article rehearses the argument that being a critical mathematics educator is associated with a particular epistemological stance, one which views the truths of mathematics as historically located, influenced by the knower and mutable. Case study data, collected in England, is offered which exemplifies this connection between epistemology and openness to equity issues in the thinking of some beginning secondary mathematics teachers. Teachers' responses are analysed around four themes: their beliefs about the nature of mathematics, how those beliefs affect their pedagogy, how they explain student failure, and their views on initial teacher education. These are linked to their commitment to social justice in and through mathematics. The links between subject studies in teacher education and equity issues in the classroom are discussed.
Clarke, David J.; Clarke, Doug M.; Sullivan, Peter
2012-01-01
Essential to teachers' planning are decisions regarding what should be taught. Curriculum documents are the most obvious authority. But what is a "curriculum document" for a mathematics teacher in Australia? Are there other credible sources of information that Australian teachers draw on when deciding what to teach? This article examines…
Clarke, David J.; Clarke, Doug M.; Sullivan, Peter
2012-01-01
Essential to teachers' planning are decisions regarding what should be taught. Curriculum documents are the most obvious authority. But what is a "curriculum document" for a mathematics teacher in Australia? Are there other credible sources of information that Australian teachers draw on when deciding what to teach? This article examines…
How long is a piece of string? more hidden mathematics of everyday life
Eastaway, Rob
2014-01-01
Why do weather forecasters get it wrong? What are the best tactics for playing""Who Wants to be a Millionaire?""and""The Weakest Link""? And what is the link between a tin of baked beans and a men's urinal? These and many other questions are answered in this book. It is for anyone wanting to remind themselves - or discover for the first time - that maths is relevant to almost everything we do. Dating, cooking, travelling by car, gambling and ranking sportsmen all have links with intriguing mathematical problems that are explained in this book. It reveals the secrets behind some of the best con
Vlajic, Jovana
2011-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in the mathematics curriculum for grades 5-8 in the Republic of Serbia after the break-up of SFRY. In particular, the research sought to identify the changes in the mathematics curriculum in terms of curriculum content and learning objectives, textbooks, and high school entrance examination…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H L. Vacher
2011-01-01
Full Text Available What mathematical topics do educators committed to teaching mathematics in context choose for their students when given the opportunity to develop an educational resource explicitly to teach mathematics in context? This paper examines the choices made for the 55 modules by 40 authors in the General Collection of the Spreadsheets Across the Curriculum (SSAC library. About half of the modules were made by authors from natural science, and about 60% of the other modules were by authors from mathematics. The modules are tagged with terms of a search vocabulary developed for the browse page of the collection. The four terms most frequently used to tag the modules are: visual display of data (particularly XY plots and bar graphs; ratio and proportion; rates; and forward modeling (e.g., what-if?. Subdividing the modules into those authored by instructors from mathematics vs. natural science vs. other disciplines shows universal popularity of the first three choices. Forward modeling was a favorite of authors from mathematics and natural science. Manipulating equations, unit conversions, and logarithms (orders of magnitude, scientific notation were called for by authors from natural science. The paper concludes with a list of 15 concepts and skills that received the most “votes.”
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张弋
2015-01-01
隐性课程和显性课程的有效结合是实现教学目标的保障，而多年来我国各类院校对隐性课程的研究非常缺乏。以强调系统性、联系性和平衡性的教育生态学为隐性课程的构建提供了广阔的视野。针对高职院校英语教学面临的困境，从制度、物质、精神三个层面进行英语隐性课程的构建，将对高职英语教学产生积极的影响。%The study of hidden curriculum is very deficient in Chinese schools although the coordination between formal cur-riculum and hidden curriculum is the guarantee of realization of teaching aims.Education ecology initiating integrity,connection, and balance provides a broad perspective for the construction of hidden curriculum.Basing on the English teaching problems in vocational colleges,creating an English hidden curriculum from aspects of system,material and spirit will exert a positive influ-ence on vocational English teaching.
Darby-Hobbs, Linda
2013-02-01
There has been a recent push to reframe curriculum and pedagogy in ways that make school more meaningful and relevant to students' lives and perceived needs. This `relevance imperative' is evident in contemporary rhetoric surrounding quality education, and particularly in relation to the junior secondary years where student disengagement with schooling continues to abate. This paper explores how teachers translate this imperative into their mathematics and science teaching. Interview data and critical incidents from classroom practice are used to explore how six teachers attempted to make the subject matter meaningful for their students. Four `Categories of Meaning Making' emerged, highlighting key differences in how the nature of science and mathematics content constrained or enabled linkages between content and students' lifeworlds. While the teachers demonstrated a commitment to humanising the subject at some level, this analysis has shown that expecting teachers to make the curriculum relevant is not unproblematic because the meaning of relevance as a construct is complex, subject-specific, and embedded in understanding the human dimensions of learning, using, and identifying with, content. Through an examination of the construct of relevance and a humanistic turn in mathematics and science literature I argue for an expanded notion of relevance.
Mathematics, curriculum and assessment: The role of taxonomies in the quest for coherence
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Caroline Long
2014-12-01
Full Text Available A challenge encountered when monitoring mathematics teaching and learning at high school is that taxonomies such as Bloom’s, and variations of this work, are not entirely adequate for providing meaningful feedback to teachers beyond very general cognitive categories that are difficult to interpret. Challenges of this nature are also encountered in the setting of examinations, where the requirement is to cover a range of skills and cognitive domains. The contestation as to the cognitive level is inevitable as it is necessary to analyse the relationship between the problem and the learners’ background experience. The challenge in the project described in this article was to find descriptive terms that would be meaningful to teachers. The first attempt at providing explicit feedback was to apply the assessment frameworks that include a content component and a cognitive component, namely knowledge, routine procedures, complex procedures and problem solving, currently used in the South African curriculum documents. The second attempt investigated various taxonomies, including those used in international assessments and in mathematics education research, for constructs that teachers of mathematics might find meaningful. The final outcome of this investigation was to apply the dimensions required to understand a mathematical concept proposed by Usiskin (2012: the skills-algorithm, property-proof, use-application and representation-metaphor dimension. A feature of these dimensions is that they are not hierarchical; rather, within each of the dimensions, the mathematical task may demand recall but may also demand the highest level of creativity. For our purpose, we developed a two-way matrix using Usiskin’s dimensions on one axis and a variation of Bloom’s revised taxonomy on the second axis. Our findings are that this two-way matrix provides an alternative to current taxonomies, is more directly applicable to mathematics and provides the
Celedón-Pattichis, Sylvia; LópezLeiva, Carlos Alfonso; Pattichis, Marios S.; Llamocca, Daniel
2013-12-01
There is a strong need in the United States to increase the number of students from underrepresented groups who pursue careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Drawing from sociocultural theory, we present approaches to establishing collaborations between computer engineering and mathematics/bilingual education faculty to address this need. We describe our work through the Advancing Out-of-School Learning in Mathematics and Engineering project by illustrating how an integrated curriculum that is based on mathematics with applications in image and video processing can be designed and how it can be implemented with middle school students from underrepresented groups.
Leh, Jayne M.; Jitendra, Asha K.; Caskie, Grace I. L.; Griffin, Cynthia C.
2007-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the tenability of a curriculum-based mathematical word problem-solving (WPS) measure as a progress-monitoring tool to index students' rate of growth or slope of achievement over time. Participants consisted of 58 third-grade students, who were assessed repeatedly over 16 school weeks. Students were measured…
Depelteau, Audrey M; Joplin, Karl H; Govett, Aimee; Miller, Hugh A; Seier, Edith
2010-01-01
"It takes a lot of courage to release the familiar and seemingly secure, to embrace the new. But there is no real security in what is no longer meaningful. There is more security in the adventurous and exciting, for in movement there is life, and in change there is power." Alan Cohen (Used by permission. All rights reserved. For more information on Alan Cohen's books and programs, see (www.alancohen.com.) With the support of the East Tennessee State University (ETSU) administration and a grant from Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the departments of Biological Sciences, Mathematics and Statistics, and Curriculum and Instruction have developed a biology-math integrated curriculum. An interdisciplinary faculty team, charged with teaching the 18 curriculum modules, designed this three-semester curriculum, known as SYMBIOSIS. This curriculum was piloted to two student cohorts during the developmental stage. The positive feedback and assessment results of this project have given us the foundation to implement the SYMBIOSIS curriculum as a replacement for the standard biology majors curriculum at the introductory level. This article addresses the history and development of the curriculum, previous assessment results and current assessment protocol, and the future of ETSU's approach to implementing the SYMBIOSIS curriculum.
Joplin, Karl H.; Govett, Aimee; Miller, Hugh A.; Seier, Edith
2010-01-01
“It takes a lot of courage to release the familiar and seemingly secure, to embrace the new. But there is no real security in what is no longer meaningful. There is more security in the adventurous and exciting, for in movement there is life, and in change there is power.”Alan Cohen (Used by permission. All rights reserved. For more information on Alan Cohen's books and programs, see (www.alancohen.com.) With the support of the East Tennessee State University (ETSU) administration and a grant from Howard Hughes Medical Institute, the departments of Biological Sciences, Mathematics and Statistics, and Curriculum and Instruction have developed a biology–math integrated curriculum. An interdisciplinary faculty team, charged with teaching the 18 curriculum modules, designed this three-semester curriculum, known as SYMBIOSIS. This curriculum was piloted to two student cohorts during the developmental stage. The positive feedback and assessment results of this project have given us the foundation to implement the SYMBIOSIS curriculum as a replacement for the standard biology majors curriculum at the introductory level. This article addresses the history and development of the curriculum, previous assessment results and current assessment protocol, and the future of ETSU's approach to implementing the SYMBIOSIS curriculum. PMID:20810967
Erdogan, Abdulkadir
2015-01-01
Turkish primary mathematics curriculum emphasizes the role of problem solving for teaching mathematics and pays particular attention to problem solving strategies. Patterns as a subject and the use of patterns as a non-routine problem solving strategy are also emphasized in the curriculum. The primary purpose of this study was to determine how…
Behar-Horenstein, Linda S.; Hudson-Vassell, Michael; Hudson-Vassell, Charisse N.; Garvan, Cynthia W.
2015-01-01
Using critical lenses, this study examined the predictive value added of curriculum-based assessment (CBA), with socio-demographic and educational variables on the mathematics portion of Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT). Gender, race, socio-economic status, and exceptional student education (ESE) were compared in a de-identified post…
da Ponte, Joao Pedro
2012-01-01
This article presents the extended workshop, a national professional development programme that was used in the preparatory stages of the introduction of a new mathematics curriculum for basic education (grades 1-9) in Portugal. These workshops are based on five major ideas-orientation towards practice, focus on students' learning, collaboration,…
Stodola, Janet
Written to fulfill the requirements for a University of Minnesota College of Education off-campus Indian education course for public school teachers, this Native American curriculum unit for middle and high school reflects the mathematical achievements of the Maya, Aztec, and Inca Indians. The number systems, notation, and calendar techniques of…
Siegfried, John Zig Michael
2012-01-01
Teachers' mathematical content knowledge is one of the most important constructs considered by researchers studying elementary mathematics education (Fennema & Franke, 1992). One component of mathematical content knowledge that is complicated, ill-defined, and oft-ignored is "productive disposition," defined as the…
California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.
This booklet, written in Spanish, provides a guide for parents to help their children become successful in school mathematics. The information is divided into four sections: (1) important facts about the mathematics curriculum and mathematics instruction; (2) expectations about participation, calculators, cooperative learning, dialogue, and…
Welch, C.; Osborne, B.
The UK national STEM Ambassadors programme provides inspiring role models for school students in science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM) subjects. STEMNET, the national body responsible for STEM Ambassa- dors aims to provide more than 27,000 STEM Ambassadors nationwide by the end of 2011. This paper reports on a project at Kingston University to embed STEM Ambassador training and activity in Year 2 of the undergraduate Aerospace Engineering, Astronautics and Space Technology degree. The project, known as KUSPACE (Kingston University Students Providing Amazing Classroom Experiences), was conceived to develop students' communication, planning and presentation skills and build links between different cohort years, while providing a valuable contribution to local primary schools' STEM programmes and simultaneously raising the public engagement profile of the university. This paper describes the pedagogical conception of the KUSPACE, its implementation in the curriculum, the delivery of it in the university and schools and its effect on the undergraduate students, as well as identifying good practice and drawing attention to lessons learned.STEMNET (www.stemnet.org) is the UK's Science, Technol- ogy, Engineering and Mathematics Network. Working with a broad range of UK partners and funded by the UK govern- ment's Department for Business Innovation and Skills, STEMNET plays a significant role in ensuring that five to nineteen year olds and their teachers can experience a wide range of activities and schemes which enhance and enrich the school curriculum [1]. Covering all aspects of Science, Tech- nology, Engineering and Maths (STEM), these activities and schemes are designed both to increase STEM awareness and literacy in the young people and also to encourage more of them to undertake post-16 STEM qualifications and associated careers [2]. STEMNET operates through forty-five local con- tract holders around the UK which help the network deliver its
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
White Jonathan
2012-03-01
Full Text Available Abstract Background There has been little study of the role of the essay question in selection for medical school. The purpose of this study was to obtain a better understanding of how applicants approached the essay questions used in selection at our medical school in 2007. Methods The authors conducted a qualitative analysis of 210 essays written as part of the medical school admissions process, and developed a conceptual framework to describe the relationships, ideas and concepts observed in the data. Results Findings of this analysis were confirmed in interviews with applicants and assessors. Analysis revealed a tension between "genuine" and "expected" responses that we believe applicants experience when choosing how to answer questions in the admissions process. A theory named "What do they want me to say?" was developed to describe the ways in which applicants modulate their responses to conform to their expectations of the selection process; the elements of this theory were confirmed in interviews with applicants and assessors. Conclusions This work suggests the existence of a "hidden curriculum of admissions" and demonstrates that the process of selection has a strong influence on applicant response. This paper suggests ways that selection might be modified to address this effect. Studies such as this can help us to appreciate the unintended consequences of admissions processes and can identify ways to make the selection process more consistent, transparent and fair.
Cho, Seokhee; Yang, Jenny; Mandracchia, Marcella
2015-01-01
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Mentoring Mathematical Minds (M3) units on gains in mathematics achievement and English proficiency of mathematically promising English language learners (MPELLs) in the third grade. The M3 program, developed by Gavin et al., was implemented for 1 year with treatment MPELLs (n = 86) but not…
Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, Dallas.
This Spanish language teacher's edition of a practical mathematics text for the intermediate grades contains three components which can be structured in different combinations according to different student needs. Built around a review of selected objectives in the mathematics basic curriculum, the material is intended to stimulate interest in…
Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.
The curriculum guide is for levels G and H of the mathematics segment of Chicago's bilingual education program for limited-English-speaking native Italian-speaking students. It includes specific instructional objectives and worksheets for teaching the mathematical concepts of place value, whole numbers, rational numbers, measurement, geometry, and…
Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, Dallas.
This Spanish language teacher's edition of a practical mathematics text for the intermediate grades contains three components which can be structured in different combinations according to different student needs. Built around a review of selected objectives in the mathematics basic curriculum, the material is intended to stimulate interest in…
Evaluation, Dissemination and Assessment Center, Dallas.
This Spanish language teacher's edition of a practical mathematics text for the intermediate grades contains three components which can be structured in different combinations according to different student needs. Built around a review of selected objectives in the mathematics basic curriculum, the material is intended to stimulate interest in…
Calhoon, Mary Beth
2008-01-01
The purpose of this article is to explore the research and developmental needs for curriculum-based measurement (CBM) at the secondary level (9th through 12th grades) for mathematics. Much has been accomplished empirically on the validity, reliability, and utility of CBM as an assessment measure in mathematics at the elementary level.…
Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.
The curriculum guide is for levels G and H of the mathematics segment of Chicago's bilingual education program for limited-English-speaking native Italian-speaking students. It includes specific instructional objectives and worksheets for teaching the mathematical concepts of place value, whole numbers, rational numbers, measurement, geometry, and…
Hawks, Kristel W.
2010-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine if teachers who developed lessons based on Bloom's Taxonomy and the "Virginia Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework" saw increased scores on the mathematics benchmark assessment for fourth grade. Two classes taught by different mathematics teachers participated. The mean of the posttest scores for…
Hawks, Kristel W.
2010-01-01
The purpose of this study was to determine if teachers who developed lessons based on Bloom's Taxonomy and the "Virginia Standards of Learning Curriculum Framework" saw increased scores on the mathematics benchmark assessment for fourth grade. Two classes taught by different mathematics teachers participated. The mean of the posttest…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨玉东; 孙名符; 冯振杰
2001-01-01
通过分析数学教师在数学课程改革中各阶段的角色，打破了那种认为“数学教师仅仅是数学课程改革中的实践者”的传统观念，并得出了这样一个结论：在一次数学课程改革中，任何一个教师都有可能以动力或阻力的形式出现.从而使人们重新估价数学教师在一次数学课程改革中所具有的关键性作用.%This thesis,on the basis of analyzing the mathematics teachers role on each stage of a mathematical curriculum reform,attempts to challenge the traditional opinion that “A mathematics teacher is only an operator of the mathematical curriculum in the reform”, and also draws a conclusion that each mathematics teacher would probably be an advocator or an objector in the mathematical curriculum reform.So the paper suggests that the mathematics teachersfunction in the mathematical curriculum reform should be evaluated again by the society.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ruggero Gramatica
Full Text Available We introduce a methodology to efficiently exploit natural-language expressed biomedical knowledge for repurposing existing drugs towards diseases for which they were not initially intended. Leveraging on developments in Computational Linguistics and Graph Theory, a methodology is defined to build a graph representation of knowledge, which is automatically analysed to discover hidden relations between any drug and any disease: these relations are specific paths among the biomedical entities of the graph, representing possible Modes of Action for any given pharmacological compound. We propose a measure for the likeliness of these paths based on a stochastic process on the graph. This measure depends on the abundance of indirect paths between a peptide and a disease, rather than solely on the strength of the shortest path connecting them. We provide real-world examples, showing how the method successfully retrieves known pathophysiological Mode of Action and finds new ones by meaningfully selecting and aggregating contributions from known bio-molecular interactions. Applications of this methodology are presented, and prove the efficacy of the method for selecting drugs as treatment options for rare diseases.
Gramatica, Ruggero; Di Matteo, T.; Giorgetti, Stefano; Barbiani, Massimo; Bevec, Dorian; Aste, Tomaso
2014-01-01
We introduce a methodology to efficiently exploit natural-language expressed biomedical knowledge for repurposing existing drugs towards diseases for which they were not initially intended. Leveraging on developments in Computational Linguistics and Graph Theory, a methodology is defined to build a graph representation of knowledge, which is automatically analysed to discover hidden relations between any drug and any disease: these relations are specific paths among the biomedical entities of the graph, representing possible Modes of Action for any given pharmacological compound. We propose a measure for the likeliness of these paths based on a stochastic process on the graph. This measure depends on the abundance of indirect paths between a peptide and a disease, rather than solely on the strength of the shortest path connecting them. We provide real-world examples, showing how the method successfully retrieves known pathophysiological Mode of Action and finds new ones by meaningfully selecting and aggregating contributions from known bio-molecular interactions. Applications of this methodology are presented, and prove the efficacy of the method for selecting drugs as treatment options for rare diseases. PMID:24416311
Gramatica, Ruggero; Di Matteo, T; Giorgetti, Stefano; Barbiani, Massimo; Bevec, Dorian; Aste, Tomaso
2014-01-01
We introduce a methodology to efficiently exploit natural-language expressed biomedical knowledge for repurposing existing drugs towards diseases for which they were not initially intended. Leveraging on developments in Computational Linguistics and Graph Theory, a methodology is defined to build a graph representation of knowledge, which is automatically analysed to discover hidden relations between any drug and any disease: these relations are specific paths among the biomedical entities of the graph, representing possible Modes of Action for any given pharmacological compound. We propose a measure for the likeliness of these paths based on a stochastic process on the graph. This measure depends on the abundance of indirect paths between a peptide and a disease, rather than solely on the strength of the shortest path connecting them. We provide real-world examples, showing how the method successfully retrieves known pathophysiological Mode of Action and finds new ones by meaningfully selecting and aggregating contributions from known bio-molecular interactions. Applications of this methodology are presented, and prove the efficacy of the method for selecting drugs as treatment options for rare diseases.
Woodworth, William D.
Four mathematical/social studies module clusters are presented in an effort to develop proficiency in instruction and in inductive and deductive teaching procedures. Modules within the first cluster concern systems of numeration, set operations, numbers, measurement, geometry, mathematics, and reasoning. The second mathematical cluster presents…
Chen, Yen Ting; Hsin Wang, Juei
2017-02-01
This research aimed at integrating Seediq culture and mathematical course design for fourth-grade elementary school, and then transforming this mathematical course into an electronic picture book. During the process of electronic book development, the researchers collected videos of six participants engaged in discussion, reflection minutes after the meeting written by the attendants, the researchers' observation and review journals, and conversations with the participants. Then, researchers utilized Content Analysis to explore, try, review and retry steps of electronic book making process. The main findings: There are four periods of electronic book making process, research occurrence period, curriculum design period, electronic book transformation period, and result evaluation period. The picture book included the White Stone Legend born from Seediq seniors, historical battle for hunting field between tribes, and concepts of approximation, angle, triangle, and quadrangle features. At last, with the research result, this article presents the corroboration of related works, and then proposes suggestions of electronic book teaching and follow-up studies.
Hidden Statistics of Schroedinger Equation
Zak, Michail
2011-01-01
Work was carried out in determination of the mathematical origin of randomness in quantum mechanics and creating a hidden statistics of Schr dinger equation; i.e., to expose the transitional stochastic process as a "bridge" to the quantum world. The governing equations of hidden statistics would preserve such properties of quantum physics as superposition, entanglement, and direct-product decomposability while allowing one to measure its state variables using classical methods.
The Hidden Curriculum of Domestication
Munoz, Juan S.; Ordonez Jasis, Rosario; Young, Patricia A.; McLaren, Peter
2004-01-01
Four ethnically diverse faculty members in the field of education discuss the professional impact and personal affects of introducing critical themes of race, class, gender, and culture within their research and course offerings. Given that the professional outlook for university faculty of color in general, is grim, a willingness to imbue their…
Larripa, Kamila R.; Mazzag, Borbala
2016-01-01
Our paper describes a solution we found to a still existing need to develop mathematical modeling courses for undergraduate biology majors. Some challenges of such courses are: (i) relatively limited exposure of biology students to higher-level mathematical and computational concepts; (ii) availability of texts that can give a flavor of how…
Waller, Patrice Parker; Maxwell, Kori L. H.
2017-01-01
This study explored similarities and differences in mathematics teaching and learning between public and private schools in post-apartheid South Africa. These conditions are viewed through the perceptions of mathematics teachers who navigate these two distinct spaces. This investigation was conducted during a cultural immersion component of a…
Liu, Yuliang
2012-01-01
This project was designed to test Mayer's multimedia theory in an elementary school to improve students' mathematics learning for low-income children. The study designed and developed two multimedia mathematics experiments in 3rd grade: 9's multiplication experiment and geometric solids experiment. The two experimental lessons were implemented in…
Correlation Educational Model in Primary Education Curriculum of Mathematics and Computer Science
Macinko Kovac, Maja; Eret, Lidija
2012-01-01
This article gives insight into methodical correlation model of teaching mathematics and computer science. The model shows the way in which the related areas of computer science and mathematics can be supplemented, if it transforms the way of teaching and creates a "joint" lessons. Various didactic materials are designed, in which all…
Waller, Patrice Parker; Maxwell, Kori L. H.
2017-01-01
This study explored similarities and differences in mathematics teaching and learning between public and private schools in post-apartheid South Africa. These conditions are viewed through the perceptions of mathematics teachers who navigate these two distinct spaces. This investigation was conducted during a cultural immersion component of a…
Applying Mathematical Concepts with Hands-On, Food-Based Science Curriculum
Roseno, Ashley T.; Carraway-Stage, Virginia G.; Hoerdeman, Callan; Díaz, Sebastián R.; Geist, Eugene; Duffrin, Melani W.
2015-01-01
This article addresses the current state of the mathematics education system in the United States and provides a possible solution to the contributing issues. As a result of lower performance in primary mathematics, American students are not acquiring the necessary quantitative literacy skills to become successful adults. This study analyzed the…
Nagle, Courtney; Moore-Russo, Deborah
2014-01-01
This article provides an initial comparison of the Principles and Standards for School Mathematics and the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics by examining the fundamental notion of slope. Each set of standards is analyzed using eleven previously identified conceptualizations of slope. Both sets of standards emphasize Functional Property,…
大學甄選入學制度之潛在課程探究 Research on the Hidden Curriculum
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
王逸慧 I-Huei Wang
2007-12-01
Full Text Available 本文探討某一所高中之學生從甄選入學制度所學到的負面潛在課程，研究方法採焦點團體訪談，所得結論為：一、智育成績才是致勝關鍵；二、沒有錢等於輸在起跑點；三、階級化的學校分級；四、利益（功利）導向之校系抉擇；五、現實取向之學習心態；六、為達目的可不擇手段之造假價值觀；七、身為考生即可享有特權；八、錄取名校始屬為校爭光；九、競爭的同儕關係；十、「只要上榜其餘可談」之不公義規準；十一、要為秩序不佳負責之罪惡感；十二、投機與逢迎之應試技巧；十三、表面功夫的營造比實 質內涵更重要與十四、特重英文之語言偏好。文末對教育行政機構、大學校系與高中學校提出建議，以做為制度修訂或升學輔導施為之參考。 This paper is probing into the hidden curriculum the students have learned from the Recommendation and Screening System of Higher Education Entrance Exam. To understand the mechanism behind the function of the Recommendation and Screening system, focus group interviews were conducted. The conclusions derived are as follows: 1.only academic achievement being deemed to be the key to success; 2.the poor students being disadvantaged in this system; 3.the schools being classified; 4.the students’ choices of universities and departments being interest-oriented; 5.the students’ attitude towards study being guided by practical concerns; 6.there emerging the pretentious values that the goal can be achieved even by fair means or foul; 7.one who is preparing for the exam having privileges; 8.the students being seen as winning honor when they are accepted by the famous universities; 9.peer relationship becoming competitive; 10.there emerging the unjust value that everything can be negotiated as long as one is accepted into a university; 11. there emerging the sense of guilt for the disorder in the
The Impact of Curriculum Looping on Standardized Literacy and Mathematics Test Scores
Nessler, Ralph D.
2010-01-01
There is a lack of research on the practice of curriculum looping and student achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine academic achievement between students in looping classes and those in nonlooping classes. The theoretical model of this study was based on the social cognitive theory of Bandura and Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory.…
Consumer Education in Eighth Grade Core and Mathematics 1970. Curriculum Guide.
Schaum, June; And Others
This curriculum guide outlines a one-to-two week consumer education unit for eighth grade students. It was written in response to Illinois Senate Bill 977 which required that all students in grades 8-12 be given instruction in consumer education. The lessons were developed to involve the students in stating problems, writing definitions,…
The Impact of Curriculum Looping on Standardized Literacy and Mathematics Test Scores
Nessler, Ralph D.
2010-01-01
There is a lack of research on the practice of curriculum looping and student achievement. The purpose of this study was to examine academic achievement between students in looping classes and those in nonlooping classes. The theoretical model of this study was based on the social cognitive theory of Bandura and Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory.…
Rosa, Milton; Orey, Daniel Clark
2015-01-01
In an ethnomathematics-based program there exists the need for teachers to identify pedagogical actions in the form of teaching-learning practices. In this theoretical paper we outline a curriculum proposal based on D'Ambrosio's "Trivium," composed of "literacy," "matheracy," and "technoracy." The Trivium…
Küçüktepe, Seval Eminoglu; Yildiz, Nilgün
2016-01-01
The purpose of this study is to investigate the gender effect on elementary mathematics and science and technology teachers' opinions regarding curriculum elements which are objectives, content, learning situation and evaluation. Meta-analysis was used in order to analyze data. Two articles, 11 master and one doctorate thesis which were conducted…
Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.
The curriculum guide for mathematics instruction in the bilingual education program of the Chicago public schools is designed to assist teachers in the instruction of limited-English-speaking students in their native language. The guide outlines, for each of two levels, lessons on absolute and relative values of numbers, whole number operations,…
Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.
The introductory level curriculum guide for bilingual education for Spanish-speaking children in the Chicago public schools is divided into four difficulty levels and is designed to facilitate acquisition of mathematical concepts by presenting them in the children's native language. At each level, the concepts covered include the meaning of…
Western Canadian Protocol for Collaboration in Basic Education, Edmonton (Alberta).
This annotated bibliography identifies French language resources endorsed for the K-12 grade levels by all Western Canadian Protocol (WCP) jurisdictions implementing the Common Curriculum Framework for K- 12 Mathematics. Resources were selected through a collaborative review process based on their high level of fidelity with the rationale,…
Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.
The introductory level curriculum guide for bilingual education for Spanish-speaking children in the Chicago public schools is divided into four difficulty levels and is designed to facilitate acquisition of mathematical concepts by presenting them in the children's native language. At each level, the concepts covered include the meaning of…
Chicago Board of Education, IL. Dept. of Curriculum.
The curriculum guide for mathematics instruction in the bilingual education program of the Chicago public schools is designed to assist teachers in the instruction of limited-English-speaking students in their native language. The guide outlines, for each of two levels, lessons on absolute and relative values of numbers, whole number operations,…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵艳会
2014-01-01
Curriculum resources are thought to be essential to achieve the goal of the course. The teachers are the first course resources. Based on the understanding of mathematics teachers as teaching resources,certain points are put forward as follows:mathematics teachers should cultivate the awareness of the curriculum resources;the construction of the team of math-ematics teachers should be emphasized;mathematics teachers should improve their abilities of developing the the curriculum re-sources;maths teachers should fully display their uses as teaching materials in mathematics teaching;how can a maths teacher maximize resources.%教师是第一位的课程资源。数学教师要确立课程资源的意识，提高开发课程资源的能力，使自己的知识素质结构不断充实优化，心理及人格素质不断升华提高，促进数学课程资源的开发利用。
Reflecting on the Mathematics Curriculum Construction of Higher Vocational Education%反思中国高职院校的数学课程建设
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
游安军
2015-01-01
The mathematics curriculum of the higher vocational college was in danger situation, the mathematics curriculum construction of the higher vocational education should be changed from logical system to applied system, the important of all tasks was the mixture of mathematics and professional knowledge.%高职院校《高等数学》课程已经陷入严重的危机之中。根据职业教育的目标和学生的基础水平，高职数学课程建设必须实现由逻辑体系向应用体系的转变，其中最核心的任务是加强数学与相关专业知识的融合。
Turner, Nigel E; Macdonald, John; Somerset, Matthew
2008-09-01
Previous studies have shown that youth are two to three times more likely than adults to report gambling related problems. This paper reports on the development and pilot evaluation of a school-based problem gambling prevention curriculum. The prevention program focused on problem gambling awareness and self-monitoring skills, coping skills, and knowledge of the nature of random events. The results of a controlled experiment evaluating the students learning from the program are reported. We found significant improvement in the students' knowledge of random events, knowledge of problem gambling awareness and self-monitoring, and knowledge of coping skills. The results suggest that knowledge based material on random events, problem gambling awareness and self-monitoring skills, and coping skills can be taught. Future development of the curriculum will focus on content to expand the students' coping skill options.
Secondary Schools Curriculum Guide, Mathematics, Grades 10-12, Levels 87-112.
Rogers, Arnold R., Ed.; And Others
Behavioral objectives for geometry, algebra, computer mathematics, trigonometry, analytic geometry, calculus, and probability are specified for grades 10 through 12. General objectives are stated for major areas under each topic and are followed by a list of specific objectives for that area. This work was prepared under an ESEA Title III…
Cansiz Aktas, Meral; Baki, Adnan
2014-01-01
The aim of this study is to investigate teachers' views on the new measurement and assessment approaches within the context of secondary school mathematics education reform. With this purpose, the factors which affected the implementation process were determined. The research data were obtained from two teachers via in-depth interviews,…
Stevens, Olinger; Leigh, Erika
2012-01-01
Scope and Method of Study: The purpose of the study is to use an empirical approach to identify a simple, economical, efficient, and technically adequate performance measure that teachers can use to assess student growth in mathematics. The current study has been designed to expand the body of research for math CBM to further examine technical…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The activities in this workbook are designed to provide pupils with practice in mastering the performance objectives of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System in mathematics for Level 3, Part 2, in New York City schools. It follows the sequence of the teacher's manual, with the objective number listed on each page. Over 80 performance…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The activities in this workbook are designed to provide pupils with practice in mastering the performance objectives of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System in mathematics for Level 4, Part 1, in New York City schools. It follows the sequence of the teacher's manual, with the objective number listed on each page. Over 85 performance…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The activities in this workbook are designed to provide pupils with practice in mastering the performance objectives of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System in mathematics for Level 4, Part 2, in New York City schools. It follows the sequence of the teacher's manual, with the objective number listed on each page. Over 80 performance…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
The activities in this workbook are designed to provide pupils with practice in mastering the performance objectives of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) in Mathematics for Level 2, Part 1, in New York City schools. It follows the sequence of the teacher's manual, with the objective number listed on each page. The 85…
New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.
The activities in this mathematics workbook are designed to provide pupils with practice in mastering the performance objectives of Level 2, Part 2, in the Comprehensive Instructional Management System (CIMS) for New York City schools. It follows the sequence of the teacher's manual, with the objective number listed on each page. The 128…
Fox, Joan; And Others
The activities in this workbook are designed to provide pupils with practice in mastering the performance objectives of the Comprehensive Instructional Management System in mathematics for Level 3, Part 1, in New York City schools. It follows the sequence of the teacher's manual, with the objective number listed on each page. Over 80 performance…
E. L. Thorndike or Edward Brooks: Two Views on Mathematics Curriculum and Teaching
Cooper-Twamley, Susan; Null, J. Wesley
2009-01-01
When one reads scholars from the past, many of the same problems found in schools in 2009 are quite similar to the problems educators were complaining about more than a century ago. One of the current controversial topics in schools today, for example, is student success, or lack thereof, in mathematics. Because of differences in mathematics…
Wightman, Bruce; Hark, Amy T.
2012-01-01
The development of fields such as bioinformatics and genomics has created new challenges and opportunities for undergraduate biology curricula. Students preparing for careers in science, technology, and medicine need more intensive study of bioinformatics and more sophisticated training in the mathematics on which this field is based. In this…
Mulligan, Joanne
2015-01-01
This commentary adopts a broad perspective in considering the contributions of papers from cross- and interdisciplinary fields of mathematics education, psychology, child development and neuroscience. The discussion aims to complement the commentary by Dindyal, focused on background research on geometry and implications for pedagogy and curricula.…
Wightman, Bruce; Hark, Amy T.
2012-01-01
The development of fields such as bioinformatics and genomics has created new challenges and opportunities for undergraduate biology curricula. Students preparing for careers in science, technology, and medicine need more intensive study of bioinformatics and more sophisticated training in the mathematics on which this field is based. In this…
Mulligan, Joanne
2015-01-01
This commentary adopts a broad perspective in considering the contributions of papers from cross- and interdisciplinary fields of mathematics education, psychology, child development and neuroscience. The discussion aims to complement the commentary by Dindyal, focused on background research on geometry and implications for pedagogy and curricula.…
Elementary school quality, the mathematics curriculum and the role of local knowledge
Balfanz, Robert
1990-03-01
This article uses data from several elementary school classrooms in Chicago on how students learn to calculate, and reviews similar data from a number of developing countries to examine the strengths and limitations of using the mathematical knowledge which students develop on their own outside of formal schooling to increase the amount, range and power of mathematical knowledge which is acquired through formal schooling. In so doing it attempts to reconcile the views of those who believe that the key to improving elementary school quality lies in improving the technology of instruction and those who believe that it lies in a deeper understanding of the mental life of children. It concludes by arguing that the quality of elementary schooling can be improved through skilled management of the environmentally acquired knowledge which students bring to instruction, if this knowledge is transformed through pedagogic and curricular interventions into a set of portable intellectual skills.
Randahl, Mira
2016-08-01
This paper reports on a study about how the mathematics textbook was perceived and used by the teacher in the context of a calculus part of a basic mathematics course for first-year engineering students. The focus was on the teacher's choices and the use of definitions, examples and exercises in a sequence of lectures introducing the derivative concept. Data were collected during observations of lectures and an interview, and informal talks with the teacher. The introduction and the treatment of the derivative as proposed by the teacher during the lectures were analysed in relation to the results of the content text analysis of the textbook. The teacher's decisions were explored through the lens of intended learning goals for engineering students taking the mathematics course. The results showed that the sequence of concepts and the formal introduction of the derivative as proposed by the textbook were closely followed during the lectures. The examples and tasks offered to the students focused strongly on procedural knowledge. Although the textbook proposes both examples and exercises that promote conceptual knowledge, these opportunities were not fully utilized during the observed lectures. Possible reasons for the teacher's choices and decisions are discussed.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kieffer-Kristensen, Rikke; Johansen, Karen Lise Gaardsvig
2013-01-01
to participate. RESULTS: All children were affected by their parents' ABI and the altered family situation. The children's expressions led the authors to identify six themes, including fear of losing the parent, distress and estrangement, chores and responsibilities, hidden loss, coping and support. The main...... the ill parent. These findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the traumatic process of parental ABI that some children experience and emphasize the importance of family-centred interventions that include the children....
Eringen, A Cemal
2013-01-01
Continuum Physics: Volume 1 - Mathematics is a collection of papers that discusses certain selected mathematical methods used in the study of continuum physics. Papers in this collection deal with developments in mathematics in continuum physics and its applications such as, group theory functional analysis, theory of invariants, and stochastic processes. Part I explains tensor analysis, including the geometry of subspaces and the geometry of Finsler. Part II discusses group theory, which also covers lattices, morphisms, and crystallographic groups. Part III reviews the theory of invariants th
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Berit Bungum
2014-04-01
Full Text Available Technology and design is seen by many as having a potential for students to work with science and mathematics in practical contexts. The view is particularly evident in the Norwegian curriculum, where technology and design is defined as an interdisciplinary topic involving Science, Mathematics and Art & Crafts. This paper reports from a video study of the use of mathematics and science in student projects in technology and design. It was found that the projects contained little conceptual knowledge from mathematics and science even when their purpose was to do so. Through an inductive analysis informed by perspectives on technology and technological knowledge, we identify four issues that explain why this is the case: (i Problem solving by other means, (ii Focus on product quality, (iii Not the right type of knowledge, and (iv Concepts and procedures not necessary for the purpose. These issues are related to the nature of technology rather than to pedagogy, and the results suggest that technology and design as a domain of knowledge should be represented in the curriculum in its own right and not as an arena for learning science and mathematics.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
万里亚
2014-01-01
课程衔接是中高职教育衔接的核心与关键，针对数学课程衔接中的诸多问题，必须从课程标准、课程结构、课程教学、学生学习方法等方面采取有效措施，才能实施中高职数学课程的有效衔接。%Curriculum articulation is the essence and the core of secondary school education and higher vocational education. As to many problems related to curriculum articulation of mathematics, we should take measures to efficiently implement the plan of curriculum articulation of mathematics on aspects of curriculum syllabus, curriculum structure, curriculum teaching and students' learning strategy in secondary and higher vocational school.
Integration of a CAS/DGS as a CAD system in the mathematics curriculum for architecture students
Falcón, R. M.
2011-09-01
Students of Architecture and Building Engineering Degrees work with Computer Aided Design systems daily in order to design and model architectonic constructions. Since this kind of software is based on the creation and transformation of geometrical objects, it seems to be a useful tool in Maths classes in order to capture the attention of the students. However, users of these systems cannot display the set of formulas and equations which constitute the basis of their studio. Moreover, if they want to represent curves or surfaces starting from its corresponding equations, they have to define specific macros which require the knowledge of some computer language or they have to create a table of points in order to convert a set of nodes into polylines, polysolids or splines. More specific concepts, like, for instance, those related to differential geometry, are not implemented in this kind of software, although they are taught in our Maths classes. In a very similar virtual environment, Computer Algebra and Dynamic Geometry Systems offer the possibility of implementing several concepts which can be found in the usual mathematics curriculum for Building Engineering: curves, surfaces and calculus. Specifically, the use of sliders related to the Euler's angles and the generation of tools which project 3D into 2D, facilitate the design and model of curves and rigid objects in space, by starting from their parametric equations. In this article, we show the experience carried out in an experimental and control group in the context of the Maths classes of the Building Engineering Degree of the University of Seville, where students have created their own building models by understanding and testing the usefulness of the mathematical concepts.
Salter, Virtys
2002-01-01
Provides five fully developed library media activities that are designed for use with specific curriculum units in reading, language arts, science, social studies, and mathematics. Library media skills, curriculum objectives, grade levels, resources, instructional roles, procedures, evaluation, and follow-up are describes for each activity. (LRW)
Pretesting Mathematical Concepts with the Mobile Phone: Implications for Curriculum Design
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rita Ndagire Kizito
2012-01-01
Full Text Available One of the neglected elements when teaching at a distance is establishing what learners already know at the beginning of the course or module. Unlike the face-to-face environment, in distance learning there is no opportunity for administering diagnostic activities just before the onset of instruction. This means that both the weak and more advanced students receive the same level of support since there is no mechanism for differentiating their learning needs. This paper describes the characteristics of a diagnostic test aimed at determining student understanding of the basic calculus concepts of the derivative and the integral, using the mobile phone as the method of delivery. As a proof-of-concept exercise, 10 questions designed to test concept attributes and procedural knowledge involving the two basic calculus concepts were given to a sample of 30 students at the beginning of the course. The implications for curriculum design were then analysed in terms of the didactical functionalities and the communication strategy that could be developed with reference to the mobile phone.
Stein, Sherman K
2010-01-01
Anyone can appreciate the beauty, depth, and vitality of mathematics with the help of this highly readable text, specially developed from a college course designed to appeal to students in a variety of fields. Readers with little mathematical background are exposed to a broad range of subjects chosen from number theory, topology, set theory, geometry, algebra, and analysis. Starting with a survey of questions on weight, the text discusses the primes, the fundamental theorem of arithmetic, rationals and irrationals, tiling, tiling and electricity, probability, infinite sets, and many other topi
College English Hidden Curriculum Construction Based on WeChat Platform%基于微信平台的大学英语隐性课程建设
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵婷; 李繁
2015-01-01
With the rapid develop of new media and the appearance of WeChat since 2011, WeChat platform has been developing rapidly and it occupies a large proportion in the network communication modes of college students. Learning habits of contemporary college students have changed under the influ-ence of new media platform. Their learning habits mainly presented as: the tendency of short and simple learning materials, the tendency of quick and easy way of learning, the tendency of intuitive and orderly learning tasks, and the tendency of interactive and participatory ways of learning. Wechat platform has many advantages in the construction of college English hidden curriculum construction such as the diver-sity of the transmission modes, the fast speed of transmission, the dissemination of information, the timeli-ness of information interaction and the richness of the message content. College English hidden curricu-lum construction based on WeChat platform can be implemented from the perspectives of “micro” class-room construction, “micro” material resources, “micro” team tasks, “micro” competition, “micro” assess-ment system,“micro”database and“micro”life platform, which will eventually extend hidden curriculum learning to teacher and students’“micro”life.%自2011年微信出现后，微信平台的发展势头迅猛，并在大学生网络通讯方式中占有很大比重。在微信平台的影响下，当代大学生的学习习惯也随之发生了变化。主要呈现为：倾向短小简洁的学习材料；倾向快速浅显的学习方式；倾向直观有序的学习任务；倾向互动参与性的学习方法。微信平台在大学英语隐性课程构建中具有传播方式的多样性、传播速度的即时性、传播信息的生动性、信息交互的时效性、消息内容的丰富性等优势。基于微信平台构建大学英语隐性课程，可从“微”化课堂构建、“微”材料资源、“微”团队
Hidden Variables or Positive Probabilities?
Rothman, T; Rothman, Tony
2001-01-01
Despite claims that Bell's inequalities are based on the Einstein locality condition, or equivalent, all derivations make an identical mathematical assumption: that local hidden-variable theories produce a set of positive-definite probabilities for detecting a particle with a given spin orientation. The standard argument is that because quantum mechanics assumes that particles are emitted in a superposition of states the theory cannot produce such a set of probabilities. We examine a paper by Eberhard who claims to show that a generalized Bell inequality, the CHSH inequality, can be derived solely on the basis of the locality condition, without recourse to hidden variables. We point out that he nonetheless assumes a set of positive-definite probabilities, which supports the claim that hidden variables or "locality" is not at issue here, positive-definite probabilities are. We demonstrate that quantum mechanics does predict a set of probabilities that violate the CHSH inequality; however these probabilities ar...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
姚晨; 卢兴江; 金蒙伟
2015-01-01
Learning compulsory mathematics curriculum is important to cultivate university students' pro-spective original innovation ability. University mathematics curriculum system is facing new challenges in terms of large scale of enrollment. Focusing on cultivating original innovation ability, the paper sets the overall framework of compulsory mathematics curriculum system,and outlines curriculum guidance based on the char-acters of compulsory mathematics curriculum,straightens the cohesive relations between curricula with the mathematical thinking and skills,and takes university mathematics curriculum and pre -curriculum as the content which provide feasible program for university mathematics curriculum system for comprehensive univer-sity.%系统的数学基础课程学习是大学生前瞻性原始创新能力培养的重要内容.在大类招生模式下,大学数学基础课程体系建设出现了新的挑战.文章以培养原始知识创新能力为中心进行数学基础课程体系总体框架设定,依据数学基础课程分类特点制定课程大纲,结合所需数学思想方法和技能的要求来理顺课程衔接关系,以综合性大学数学基础课程及前置课程的设置为内容,对综合性大学数学基础课程体系设置给出可行的建设方案.
The Mathematics Teacher and Curriculum Change (El Profesor de Matemáticas y el Cambio de Currículo
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jeremy Kilpatrick
2009-03-01
Full Text Available One of the most compelling lessons of the new math reform era —from the mid 1950s to the mid 1970s— concerned the pivotal role of the mathematics teacher in effecting curriculum change. Recent efforts to change the school mathematics curriculum are rediscovering that old lesson: The teacher is the key to change. Consequently, when teachers are confronted with arguments against the direction that proposals for curriculum change are taking, it is important for them to analyze and discuss the proposed changes. Recent experiences in the United States, which does not have the same centralized curriculum organization as Portugal but which is experiencing some of the same proposals and arguments against them, may be helpful in understanding the role that teachers can play in the social process of creating a curriculum. Una de las lecciones más destacadas extraídas de la era de la reforma de la matemática moderna hacía referencia al papel esencial que el profesor de matemáticas desempeñaba en el cambio del currículo. Los recientes esfuerzos por cambiar el currículo de las matemáticas escolares están redescubriendo esta vieja lección: El profesor es la clave para el cambio. Consecuentemente, cuando los profesores argumentan en contra de las propuestas de cambio curricular, es importante que analicen y discutan los cambios propuestos. Las experiencias recientes en Estados Unidos, donde no existe la misma organización curricular centralizada de Portugal pero que experimenta parte de las mismas propuestas y argumentos contra ellas, puede ser útil para comprender el papel que los profesores pueden jugar en el proceso social de creación de un currículo.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐问宇; 廖廷彬; 金萍
2012-01-01
本文采用问卷和访谈等方法探讨了校园体育文化软实力对学校体育隐蔽课程协调发展的影响与作用;分析了校园体育文化软实力是促进学生体育发展的隐蔽课程;结论认为在符合现代教育思想方面,需确立校园体育文化软实力对学校体育隐蔽课程协调发展的影响与作用,这对当前学校体育教育具有重要的现实意义。%Through questionnaire and interview,this article studies the impact and effect of campus physical education culture soft power on coordinate development of college physical hidden curriculum;It analyzes that campus physical education culture soft power is a hidden curriculum in improving the students＇ physical development.It is concluded that the theory that the impact and effect of campus physical education culture soft power on coordinate development of college physical hidden curriculum ought to be established in accordance with modern educational thoughts,Which has important and realistic significance to current school physical education development.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Dörte Bernhard
2011-03-01
Full Text Available This anthology addresses globalization with regard to the world of work. How can women pursue their career and enjoy equal opportunities in the labor market? How can employees be supported during the process of company acquisition? How can the existential crises of young adults that were triggered through institutional work experiences be met and coped with? How can violence among children and adolescents be prevented? Seventeen contributions in Petia GENKOVA's and Andrea E. ABELE's anthology provide answers to these questions. There are four chapters focusing on: 1. female employees and their career, 2. patterns of socialization, 3. self-socialization as a means of gaining basic competencies, and 4. diversity and political culture. A short description of the meaning of a hidden curriculum in times of globalization follows an introduction to the contents of the book and information about the authors. All articles included are then commented upon. It should be noted that the anthology contains a variety of themes and aspects regarding globalization as well as innovative and interactive research methods, although the qualitative methods applied are limited to participative observation and expert interviews. The weakness of the anthology is that due to the complex and abstract linguistic usage, the concepts have not been made sufficiently accessible and straightforward. URN: http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs1102187
Galligan, Linda
2016-01-01
A "National Numeracy Report" and the Australian Curriculum (2014) have recognised the importance of language in mathematics. The general capabilities contained within the "Australian Curriculum: Mathematics" (2014) highlight literacy as an important tool in the teaching and learning of mathematics, from the interpretation of…
Galligan, Linda
2016-01-01
A "National Numeracy Report" and the Australian Curriculum (2014) have recognised the importance of language in mathematics. The general capabilities contained within the "Australian Curriculum: Mathematics" (2014) highlight literacy as an important tool in the teaching and learning of mathematics, from the interpretation of…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
付艳芳
2013-01-01
数学思想和方法在课程中应占重要地位，应作为教育任务的重要内容。学习数学不仅要学习数学的知识内容，而且要学习它的精神、思想和方法。掌握基本数学思想方法能使数学更易于理解，领悟数学思想方法更有助于数学新知识学习，提高学生分析问题和解决问题的能力。%Mathematical thoughts and methods should be in the dominant position of mathematics curriculum and be placed as the priority in pedagogical tasks. We need not only focus on the knowledge and contents, but also the spirit, thoughts and methods during the mathematics learning. The mastery of mathematical thoughts and methods makes mathematics more understandable. Students would have a great improvement in absorbing new knowledge, analyzing and solving problems based on the complete comprehension of these thoughts and methods.
Yusop, Farrah Dina
2013-01-01
This paper presents a curriculum and design analyses of an Emmy-award winning children educational television series, Cyberchase. Using Posner's (2004) four process of curriculum analysis framework, this paper addresses each of the components and relates it to the design principles undertaken by the Cyberchase production team. Media and document…
新课程理念下数学教学情境的创设%The Creation of Mathematics Teaching Situation in New Curriculum Idea
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
农克思
2012-01-01
良好的教学情境能激发学生学习的积极性，促进学生主动学习，对教师课堂教学的成功起着十分重要的作用。本文对新课程下数学教学情境的创设进行了探讨。%Good teaching situation can motivate students＇ learning initiative and promote students＇ positive learning and it plays an important role in teachers＇ successful classroom teaching. This paper discusses the creation of mathematics teaching situation in new curriculum.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陆吉健; 刘艳平; 张维忠
2015-01-01
基于南非基础教育中高中数学双课程的特殊性，对南非基础教育中高中“数学素养”与“数学”课程的起源和发展进行分析探讨。以2003年和2012年公布的高中“数学素养”与“数学”课程标准的变化为切入点，着眼我国高中数学课程标准修订和课程改革。南非数学课程中的课程生活化定位、课程内容和情境的细化和复杂化、课程信心指向上的提升、对课程评价上的重视等，都对我国高中数学课程改革有启示与借鉴作用。%Based on the particularity of double mathematics curriculum on Grades 10—12 of basic education in South Africa, the origin and the development of"Mathematics Literacy"and"Mathematics"curriculum on Grades 10—12 in South African were analysised and discussed.Specifically, regarding the change and devel-opment of the "mathematics literacy"and "mathematics"curriculum standard released in 2003 and 2012 as the breakthrough point, it was focused on the revision of the high school mathematics curriculum standard and the reform of curriculum in our country.Finally, the revelation was summarized as follow:the life orientation of curriculum, the refinement and complexity of curriculum′s content and context, the upgrading of the point to confidence of curriculum, the degree of attention in curriculum evaluation.
《经济数学》课程改革的探索与实践%Exploration and Practice of Economic Mathematics Curriculum Reform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
秦晓艳
2012-01-01
《经济数学》主要突出以“数学为主体、经济为应用”的思想，实现了数学与经济的有机结合，在实际教学中，从优化教材内容体系，改革教学方法与手段，茂革完善考核、评价机制几方面进行了阐述，希望能对《经济数学》的课程改革作一些有效的探索。%Economic Mathematics highlights the thinking ＂Mathematics as the main economic applications,＂ to achieve the organic combination of mathematical and economic. In actual teaching, we hope that some effective exploration of economic mathematics curriculum reform should be done, from the optimization of the system of teaching materials, the reform of teaching methods and means, reform and improve the examination, the evaluation mechanism.
Detecting Hidden Hierarchy of Non Hierarchical Terrorist Networks
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Memon, Nasrullah
to analyze terrorist networks and prioritize their targets. Applying recently introduced mathematical methods for constructing the hidden hierarchy of "nonhierarchical" terrorist networks; we present case studies of the terrorist attacks occurred / planned in the past, in order to identify hidden hierarchy...
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘清南; 叶玲; 戴志兵; 何求; 陈明雄
2015-01-01
Objective To study the effect of hidden curriculum on the professional value of nursing students in higher education.Methods A total of 300 full-time nursing students in higher education were collected by the cluster sampling method.They were divided into experimental group and control group by natural class lottery method with 150 students each.The students in experimental group accepted the hidden curriculum such as administrator working of nursing students training,simulated the candidates and the volunteer activities.Then the professional value of the 2 groups was evaluated with nursing professional value questionnaire.Results The total score of the professional value in experimental group after intervention was (126.38±3.29) scores,and caring was (32.50±1.20) scores,trust was (24.40±1.59) scores,justice was (25.54±1.55) scores,profession was (19.64±1.26) scores and behaviorism was (24.31±1.30) scores.The total score of the professional value in control group after intervention was (123.62±2.76) scores,and caring was (32.51±1.24) scores,trust was (22.36±1.30) scores,justice was (26.47±1.54) scores,profession was (19.80±1.23)scores and behaviorism was (22.54±1.59) scores.The scores of trust and behaviorism in experimental group were higher than those in control group,and there were significant differences,t=2.813,2.441,P＜0.05.Conclusions Nursing students of college have positive professional values.The hidden curriculum can cultivate the nursing students' trust and positive psychological quality in higher education.And thus it can be reasonably used in teaching,which would produce a more proactive effect in higher education.%目的 探讨高校教育中的隐性课程对在校大专护生专业价值观的影响.方法 采用整群抽样法选取在校全日制大专护生300人,按自然班抽签分为实验组150人和对照组150人,对实验组护生开展本校特有的隐性课程:护生实训管理员工作、模拟应聘活动、义
Miller, Brant Gregory
Mainstream curricula have struggled to provide American Indian students with meaningful learning experiences. This research project studied a novel approach to engaging students with science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) content through a culturally-based context. The traditional American Indian game of Snow Snakes (shushumeg in Ojibwe) presented a highly engaging context for delivering STEM content. Through the engaging context of snow snakes, the designed STEM curriculum explicitly applied mathematics (scaling and data), and science (force and motion) to an engineering prototype iteration that used available materials and tools (technology) for success. It was hypothesized that by engaging students through the carefully integrated STEM curriculum, driven by the culturally based context of snow snakes, students would exhibit an increase in science agency and achievement. The overarching research question explored for this study was: How does a culturally-based and integrated STEM curriculum impact student's science agency? Associated sub-questions were: (1) What does science agency look like for 6th grade students? (2) What key experiences are involved in the development of science agency through a culturally-based STEM curriculum context? And (3) What are the impacts on the community associated with the implementation of a culturally-based STEM curriculum? A case study research design was implemented for this research. Yin (2003) defines a case study as investigating a phenomenon (e.g. science agency) which occurs within authentic contexts (e.g. snow snakes, Adventure Learning, and Eagle Soaring School) especially when the boundaries between phenomenon and context are unclear. For this case study Eagle Soaring School acted as the bounded case with students from the 6th grade class representing the embedded units. Science agency was the theoretical framework for data analysis. Major findings were categorized as science and STEM learning, agency
Curriculum Research in the Netherlands
Wardekker, W.L.; Volman, M.L.L.; Terwel, J.
2014-01-01
This chapter examines the curriculum research in the Netherlands. The conditions influencing the curriculum field are described, along with the struggle for a common curriculum in the Netherlands. The waves of curriculum theory are presented and illustrated by the case of mathematics. Finally, the r
Pollock, M.J.
2002-01-01
The mathematical requirements for engineering, science and technology students has been debated for many years and concern has been expressed about the mathematical preparedness of students entering higher education. This paper considers a mathematics course that has been specifically designed to address some of these issues for technology education students. It briefly chronicles the changes that have taken place over its lifetime and evaluates the introduction of Computer Assisted Assessmen...
Gill, Clara Joanne Schneberger
This study attempted to verify points of intersection (POIs) between mathematics and science in the eighth grade Sunshine State Standards (SSS), and to develop a valid and reliable instrument to evaluate these POIs as they were presented in the respective mathematics and science textbooks approved for use in Florida public schools. Shannon and Weaver (1998) delineated a process for content analysis that informed the design of this analysis. The process began with an analysis of the SSS to uncover POIs between mathematics and science; considered effective strategies for presenting these points of intersection in the classroom; and examined the textbooks for a mutually supportive presentation of the POIs between the two domains. The criterion for textbook evaluation was synthesized from documents used by the National Research Council (NRC, 2004) and Project 2061 (Roseman, Kulm, Shuttleworth, 2001. These criteria were examined in terms of measureable elements of textbook design, vocabulary, inquiry and problem solving in order to create integrated objectives, which were then operationalized so that each objective could be evaluated using the Textbook Evaluation Document (TED). The validity of the TED was insured by the transparency of the process. Reliability was determined in two steps, first to determine the most reliable segments of the document and finally to confirm the reliability of those segments. It was determined that the vocabulary section of the TED consistently produced reliability scores above 70% with variation of Supportive Curriculum Scores (SCS) between textbooks. This indicated that a measure of supportive vocabulary could be generated for use in future studies for example correlating supportive curriculum with student achievement.
Celedón-Pattichis, Sylvia; LópezLeiva, Carlos Alfonso; Pattichis, Marios S.; Llamocca, Daniel
2013-01-01
There is a strong need in the United States to increase the number of students from underrepresented groups who pursue careers in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Drawing from sociocultural theory, we present approaches to establishing collaborations between computer engineering and mathematics/bilingual education faculty to…
Ekwueme, Cecilia Olunwa; Meremikwu, Anne; Kalu, Nnenna
2013-01-01
The study used a survey design. The instrument was teachers' questionnaire and interview on awareness and readiness. The interview was administered to the different categories of the respondents using a 4-point Likert scale. Two hundred mathematics teachers were randomly selected from 100 schools (public and private) using stratified random…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘久成
2016-01-01
Comparing the latest course contents of elementary school mathematics with china, American, Australia, England and Japan in different learning ifelds, to refer the tradition and reality of our elementary school mathematical education, it reveal us that to value the algebraic thinking in early time teaching, to emphasize the backbone status of arithmetic in elementary school mathematics, meanwhile focusing on applying mathematics to solve the problem, and properly grasping the breadth and depth of the mathematics curriculum.%按不同学习领域分别比较现行中美澳英日五国小学数学课程内容，对照我国小学数学教育的传统与现实，启示如下：凸显算术知识在小学数学中的主干地位，注重应用数学解决问题，重视代数思维的早期渗透，恰当把握数学课程内容的广度和深度。
Miyazaki, Mikio; Kimiho, Chino; Katoh, Ryuhei; Arai, Hitoshi; Ogihara, Fumihiro; Oguchi, Yuichi; Morozumi, Tatsuo; Kon, Mayuko; Komatsu, Kotaro
2012-01-01
Three-dimensional dynamic geometry software has the power to enhance students' learning of spatial geometry. The purpose of this research is to clarify what potential using three-dimensional dynamic geometry software can offer us in terms of how to develop the spatial geometry curriculum in lower secondary schools. By focusing on the impacts the…
Miyazaki, Mikio; Kimiho, Chino; Katoh, Ryuhei; Arai, Hitoshi; Ogihara, Fumihiro; Oguchi, Yuichi; Morozumi, Tatsuo; Kon, Mayuko; Komatsu, Kotaro
2012-01-01
Three-dimensional dynamic geometry software has the power to enhance students' learning of spatial geometry. The purpose of this research is to clarify what potential using three-dimensional dynamic geometry software can offer us in terms of how to develop the spatial geometry curriculum in lower secondary schools. By focusing on the impacts the…
Nixon, Helen; Roberts, David
In 1993, a team of seven researchers at the University of South Australia investigated student diversity among its population in relation to the curriculum in action, student experiences of exclusion and inclusion, and staff experiences of attempting to understand and counter exclusion. This paper reports on a case study based on the newly…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
林素卿 Su-Ching Lin
2009-03-01
Full Text Available 本研究旨在探討公辦民營學校之潛在課程。採用非參與觀察、訪談與文件分析法。研究結果如下：一、學習經驗之潛在課程：生活化教材可提升學習動機與興趣，養成學生自主負責的學習態度，並與同儕間培養出學習默契；多元質性評量能讓學生展現其優勢智能；二、師生互動關係之潛在課程：強調尊重、溝通、信任、關懷的師生互動模式，讓學生充分感受到被重視，並學會以同樣模式與老師互動；三、同儕互動關係之潛在課程：在家族同儕間，能彼此關懷與養成自我管理的能力，有助於拓展人際關係；四、學生對學校之認同：包括較多的生活化教材、戶外教學經驗、多元的質性評量。本研究最後根據研究結果提出建議，供教育相關單位及後續研究之參考。 The purpose of the present study was to explore the hidden curriculum in a private management of public school of Goodwill Elementary and Junior high School (anonymous name. A number of different sources were used to collect data: observation, interviews and document analysis. The results of this study include: first, life-relating materials promote students’ learning motivation and acquire profound learning experiences. Students also built the independent and responsible learning attitude. Alternative qualitative assessments enable students to develop their multiple intelligences. Second, students-teachers relationships which are respectful, communicable, encouraged, concerned and trusted make students feel valued and learn self-esteem and how to respect others. Third, students establish the confraternity and consensus with peers, concern with each other and learn how to manage themselves in the family-like, cooperative learning environment. Fourth, students have strong belongs to school. The suggestions are also concluded.
Junior High School Mathematics Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Standard%新课标下初中数学教学浅谈
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吴琼
2011-01-01
新课程强调以学生发展为本，如何更好地提高初中数学教学效果呢？一要形成良好的师生关系；二要改变学生的学习状态，推行研究性学习；三要加强教师的学习，提高自身的综合素质。%New curriculum emphasizes students-orientation and how to improve junior high school mathematics teaching effect？ One is developing good relationship between teachers and students; two is changing students＇ learning state and implementing inquiry learning; three is strengthening teachers＇ learning and improving their quality.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Meryem ÇELİK
2013-10-01
Full Text Available This study aimed to investigate the effect of “Big Math for Little Kids” curriculum on mathematical development of 61-72 month-old children attending kindergartens. This experimental study had a pre-test – post-test design. The sample of the study was composed of a total of 42 61-72 month-old children attending kindergartens of the randomly selected primary schools. In the study, "Progress in Maths 6 Test" was used to collect data. As a result of this study, it was found out that average Progress in Maths 6 Test scores of children in the experimental group were significantly higher than those of the ones in the control group.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
赵志琴
2012-01-01
根据独立学院高等数学教学的现状，归纳出课程结构体系和教学内容进行改革的必要性，并提出独立学院高等数学教学改革应发挥自己独特的办学理念，为社会培养更多的应用型人才。%According to the independent college advanced mathematics teaching, summed up the curriculum system and teaching content reform necessity, and put forward the higher math teaching reform in independent institutes should develop their own unique idea of running a school,to cultivate more talents of application.
Senior High School Mathematics Teaching in the Light of New Curriculum Standard%新课标下的高中数学教学
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
翟皎玲
2011-01-01
新课程是素质教育从形式走向实质、从探索走向实施的标志。在数学教学中，我们必须重视对学生进行创新意识和创新精神的培养，充分发挥课堂这一主渠道的作用，激发学生学习的积极性，提高学生的全面素质。%New curriculum is the quality education＇s symbol from the form to essence and from the exploration to implementation. In mathematics teaching, we must emphasize the cultivation of students＇ innovative awareness and innovative spirit, bring the role of cla
History of physics: Outing the hidden curriculum?
Kortemeyer, Gerd; Westfall, Catherine
2009-10-01
We describe a history of physics course, cotaught by a physicist and a historian of physics, on the quantum and relativity revolutions in the early part of the 20th century. The course has been taught both in Europe as part of a study abroad program and as a regular on-campus course, which could serve as a model for implementation elsewhere. We present some evidence that this course format can favorably influence students' epistemological beliefs and expectations about physics.
Kaput, James J.
This paper asserts that the key to algebra reform is to integrate algebraic reasoning across all grades and all topics, to "algebrafy" school mathematics. The distinction is made between algebra "the institution" and algebra "the web of knowledge and skill," which is also clarified. Finally, suggestions are made as to how the educational community…
Mastering mathematics geometry & measures
Various
2014-01-01
Deliver outstanding lessons that build fluency, problem-solving and mathematical reasoning skills to enable sustained progress at Key Stage 3, in preparation for GCSE. Mastering Mathematics provides flexible online and print teaching and learning resources. The service focuses on strands within the curriculum to improve progression throughout Secondary Mathematics . Mastering Mathematics Student Books and Whiteboard eTextbooks are organised into progression strands in line with Mastering Mathematics Teaching and Learning Resources:. - Enable students to identify appropriate remediation or exte
Partially Hidden Markov Models
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Forchhammer, Søren Otto; Rissanen, Jorma
1996-01-01
Partially Hidden Markov Models (PHMM) are introduced. They differ from the ordinary HMM's in that both the transition probabilities of the hidden states and the output probabilities are conditioned on past observations. As an illustration they are applied to black and white image compression wher...
Mountain-Plains Education and Economic Development Program, Inc., Glasgow AFB, MT.
The document lists the Mountain-Plains curriculum by job title (where applicable), including support courses. The curriculum areas covered are mathematics skills, communication skills, office education, lodging services, food services, marketing and distribution, welding support, automotive, small engines, career guidance, World of Work, health…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
徐兆洋
2011-01-01
Problem-solving instruction has always been a major concern for the mathematics education in China.The Mathematics Curriculum Standards issued in 2001 put ＂problem-solving instruction＂ among the major components of the objectives of mathematics education and assigned it with new meanings.The core thinking of the Standards is that problem-solving instruction is capable of stimulating students＇ interest in mathematical learning,promoting the students＇ understanding of mathematics,enhancing consciousness of mathematical application,developing mathematical application abilities,forming correct mathematical values,and cultivating the student＇s practical ability and creative spirit.%＂解决问题＂一直是我国数学教育的主旋律。2001年《数学课程标准》明确把＂解决问题＂作为数学教育目标的重要组成部分,并且赋予新的涵义。其核心思想是通过＂解决问题＂的教学,激发学生数学学习的兴趣,促进学生对数学的理解,增强数学应用意识,发展数学应用能力,以及形成正确的数学价值观,进而培养学生的实践能力和创新精神。
A Hidden-Removal Model of Dam Perspective Drawing
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
WANG Zi-ru; ZHOU Hui-cheng; LI Ming-qiu
2011-01-01
Aming at water conservancy project visualization, a hidden-removal method of dam perspective drawings is realized by building a hidden-removal mathematical model for overlapping points location to set up the hidden relationship among point and plane, plane and plane in space. On this basis, as an example of panel rockfill dam, a dam hidden-removal perspective drawing is generated in different directions and different visual angles through adapting VC＋＋ and OpenGL visualizing technology. The results show that the data construction of the model is simple which can overcome the disadvantages of considerable and complicated calculation. This method also provides the new means to draw hidden-removal perspective drawings for those landforms and ground objects.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
袁玮琼
2014-01-01
新课标要求高中教师应在传统的角色上进行转变，对高中老师来说既是一次新的考验，也是一次新的机遇。通过对高中教师在角色定位相关理论的研究，重点研究新课程标准下高中数学教师如何从数学知识的传授者转变为数学知识的促进者，从数学知识的教育者转变为数学知识的研究者。%The new curriculum requires the teachers in senior high schools should change in the traditional role of teacher,high school is not only a new test,but also a new opportunity. Through the study of high school teachers in the role of relevant theories,focuses on the research of high school mathematics teachers under the new curriculum standard how from the teaching of mathematics knowledge into a facilitator of mathematical knowledge,the transformation from the mathematical knowledge education as the study of mathematical knowledge.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陆晓芳
2014-01-01
新课程理念下对高中数学课堂设问情境创设的要求更高，对此提出策略，以期能推动高中数学课堂教学的发展和进步。%The new curriculum of high school mathematics classroom teaching situation creating more demanding, this strategy is put forward, in order to promote the high school mathematics classroom teaching development and progress.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
肖万桢
2014-01-01
Under the background of the new curriculum, mathe maticsteaching gradually abandoned the traditional teaching mode, the teaching idea, teaching method, teaching objectives are effective innovation, so as to cultivate the mathematical basis of junior middle school students. Mainlydiscussed the innovation teaching of junior middle school mathematics under the new curriculum.%在新课改背景下，数学教学逐渐摒弃了传统的教学模式，在教学理念、教学方法、教学目标上都进行了有效创新，从而达到对初中学生数学基础的培养。主要就新课改下初中数学教学的创新进行初步地探讨。
Education as Text: The Varieties of Educational Hiddenness.
Gordon, David
1988-01-01
Using the ideas of Paul Ricoeur and Clifford Geertz, this article develops the notion of education as a "text" and analyzes the "hidden curriculum" of that text as it is read by all members of the society. The hypothesis is proposed that education becomes a text about society's myths and sacred beliefs. (TE)
Education as Text: The Varieties of Educational Hiddenness.
Gordon, David
1988-01-01
Using the ideas of Paul Ricoeur and Clifford Geertz, this article develops the notion of education as a "text" and analyzes the "hidden curriculum" of that text as it is read by all members of the society. The hypothesis is proposed that education becomes a text about society's myths and sacred beliefs. (TE)
School Library Media Activities Monthly, 2001
2001-01-01
Provides six fully developed library media activities that are designed for use with specific curriculum units in guidance, health, mathematics, science, reading, language arts, and social studies. Library media skills, curriculum objectives, grade levels, resources, instructional roles, procedures, evaluation, and follow-up are described for each…
Entanglement without hidden nonlocality
Hirsch, Flavien; Túlio Quintino, Marco; Bowles, Joseph; Vértesi, Tamás; Brunner, Nicolas
2016-11-01
We consider Bell tests in which the distant observers can perform local filtering before testing a Bell inequality. Notably, in this setup, certain entangled states admitting a local hidden variable model in the standard Bell scenario can nevertheless violate a Bell inequality after filtering, displaying so-called hidden nonlocality. Here we ask whether all entangled states can violate a Bell inequality after well-chosen local filtering. We answer this question in the negative by showing that there exist entangled states without hidden nonlocality. Specifically, we prove that some two-qubit Werner states still admit a local hidden variable model after any possible local filtering on a single copy of the state.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
周婧丹
2014-01-01
本文以实证研究为基础，采用实验及问卷调查等方法，结合统计数据分析，对武汉东湖学院2011级计算机科学与技术及自动化专业学生的大学英语隐性课程中的听力教学进行了实验研究。研究结果表明，以网络平台为基础的大学英语隐性课程的开发在很大程度上提升了英语教学的效率，有利于培养学生良好的英语学习习惯和自主学习能力。%This paper is based on an empirical study, the experiment of which is carried out with the second year students of Wuhan Donghu University selected from computer science majors and control science and engineering majors. The experi-ment focuses on the hidden curriculum in College English Listening and makes use of three CET tests, the questionnaire sur-vey methods, as well as the SPSS software to analyze the results of the online experimental group and the traditional control group. The paper concludes that internet-based hidden curriculum exploration will greatly improve the efficiency of teaching in college English and contribute a lot in helping students develop good studying habits and cultivate the ability of auton-omous learning.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
尼玛央金
2015-01-01
随着数学课程改革的建设，提出的各种课堂教学的概念和方法，教师从各种先进的数学教学法中摸索出适合当地教育发展和符合各类学生的教学方法这对西藏各乡村的数学教师来说是有一定的难度。对于他们来说各种优质竞赛、观摩课、示范课也是暂时的教学使用，因为条件的限制，真正在平常的数学教学中使用起来是极少极少的。特别是针对农牧区的孩子，在实行《数学课程标准》的过程中全新的教学方法要设计好并适合于农牧区的学生。毕竟西藏和内地从教学和语言环境有很大的差别。因为，新课程理念下的教学是活动化的教学，然而我们在教学当中的对象是农牧区学生，由于语言，地理环境和文化的影响，在进行活动化的教学当中他们往往是被动的，而教师成了独角戏。进行活动化教学对他们来说困难重重。因此我们在这种情况下，我们要通过其他的教学手段比如利用多媒体课件，图片课件。同时鼓励学生多发表自己的看法，在教学中学生为主体，教师为辅助。给学生积极探究，主动获取知识提供机会，为学生感知具体数学知识的现实背景、来源创造了条件。%Along with the construction of the mathematics curriculum reform, and puts forward the various concepts and methods of classroom teaching, for the mathematics teachers in the countryside in Tibet, find a suitable teaching method for the local education development, meet all kinds of student has the certain difficulty. For them, all kinds of high quality competition, criticism, demonstration class is also a temporary use of teaching, because of the limitation of conditions, really in common use in mathematics teaching is rare. Especially the children of farming and stockbreeding areas, in the process of implementation of"mathematics curriculum standard", teachers should design a good new
Mastering mathematics statistics & probability
Various
2014-01-01
Mastering Mathematics provides flexible online and print teaching and learning resources. The service focuses on strands within the curriculum to improve progression throughout Secondary Mathematics. Mastering Mathematics Student Books and eBooks are organised into progression strands in line with Mastering Mathematics Teaching and Learning Resources:. - Enable students to identify appropriate remediation or extension steps they need in order to progress, through easy to follow progression charts. - Clear explanations of the tools needed for the chapter followed by questions that develop fluen
Various
2014-01-01
Mastering Mathematics provides flexible online and print teaching and learning resources. The service focuses on strands within the curriculum to improve progression throughout Secondary Mathematics. Mastering Mathematics Student Books and Whiteboard eTextbooks are organised into progression strands in line with Mastering Mathematics Teaching and Learning Resources:. - Enable students to identify appropriate remediation or extension steps they need in order to progress, through easy to follow progression charts. - Clear explanations of the tools needed for the chapter followed by questions tha
Philosophical dimensions in mathematics education
Francois, Karen
2007-01-01
This book brings together diverse recent developments exploring the philosophy of mathematics in education. The unique combination of ethnomathematics, philosophy, history, education, statistics and mathematics offers a variety of different perspectives from which existing boundaries in mathematics education can be extended. The ten chapters in this book offer a balance between philosophy of and philosophy in mathematics education. Attention is paid to the implementation of a philosophy of mathematics within the mathematics curriculum.
Eck, Christof; Knabner, Peter
2017-01-01
Mathematical models are the decisive tool to explain and predict phenomena in the natural and engineering sciences. With this book readers will learn to derive mathematical models which help to understand real world phenomena. At the same time a wealth of important examples for the abstract concepts treated in the curriculum of mathematics degrees are given. An essential feature of this book is that mathematical structures are used as an ordering principle and not the fields of application. Methods from linear algebra, analysis and the theory of ordinary and partial differential equations are thoroughly introduced and applied in the modeling process. Examples of applications in the fields electrical networks, chemical reaction dynamics, population dynamics, fluid dynamics, elasticity theory and crystal growth are treated comprehensively.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
樊二强
2014-01-01
The new high school mathematics curriculum plays an important role in cultivating students’maths thinking ability and applying mathematics knowledge to solve actual problem ability.How to deal with the relationship between in mathematics teaching and learning ,fully play a leading role of teachers and the students’main role under the new curriculum reform,let the students become masters of the classroom, which also becomes the important responsibility of modern mathematics teachers.%高中数学新课程对于培养学生的思维能力、应用数学知识解决实际问题的能力起着重要的作用。如何处理好新课改下数学中教与学的关系，充分发挥教师的主导作用和学生的主体作用，让学生成为课堂的主人，也成为当今数学教师的重要责任。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
无
2006-01-01
@@ 1 Early Education in China I entered Fulun Middle School in Tientsin in January 1923. It was a four-year high school and I was admitted to the second semester of the first year. The mathematical curriculum consisted of:
Christi Makes Sense of Sixth-Grade Mathematics.
Ridlon, Candice L.
2000-01-01
Discusses experiences using a new mathematics curriculum with sixth grade students for nine weeks. Presents a student's discovery of her power in mathematics through this problem-centered curriculum. (ASK)
Hidden circuits and argumentation
Leinonen, Risto; Kesonen, Mikko H. P.; Hirvonen, Pekka E.
2016-11-01
Despite the relevance of DC circuits in everyday life and schools, they have been shown to cause numerous learning difficulties at various school levels. In the course of this article, we present a flexible method for teaching DC circuits at lower secondary level. The method is labelled as hidden circuits, and the essential idea underlying hidden circuits is in hiding the actual wiring of DC circuits, but to make their behaviour evident for pupils. Pupils are expected to find out the wiring of the circuit which should enhance their learning of DC circuits. We present two possible ways to utilise hidden circuits in a classroom. First, they can be used to test and enhance pupils’ conceptual understanding when pupils are expected to find out which one of the offered circuit diagram options corresponds to the actual circuit shown. This method aims to get pupils to evaluate the circuits holistically rather than locally, and as a part of that aim this method highlights any learning difficulties of pupils. Second, hidden circuits can be used to enhance pupils’ argumentation skills with the aid of argumentation sheet that illustrates the main elements of an argument. Based on the findings from our co-operating teachers and our own experiences, hidden circuits offer a flexible and motivating way to supplement teaching of DC circuits.
How Hidden Can Be Even More Hidden?
Fraczek, Wojciech; Szczypiorski, Krzysztof
2011-01-01
The paper presents Deep Hiding Techniques (DHTs) that define general techniques that can be applied to every network steganography method to improve its undetectability and make steganogram extraction harder to perform. We define five groups of techniques that can make steganogram less susceptible to detection and extraction. For each of the presented group, examples of the usage are provided based on existing network steganography methods. To authors' best knowledge presented approach is the first attempt in the state of the art to systematically describe general solutions that can make steganographic communication more hidden and steganogram extraction harder to perform.
The SHiP Experiment is a new general-purpose fixed target facility at the SPS to search for hidden particles as predicted by a very large number of recently elaborated models of Hidden Sectors which are capable of accommodating dark matter, neutrino oscillations, and the origin of the full baryon asymmetry in the Universe. Specifically, the experiment is aimed at searching for very weakly interacting long lived particles including Heavy Neutral Leptons - right-handed partners of the active neutrinos; light supersymmetric particles - sgoldstinos, etc.; scalar, axion and vector portals to the hidden sector. The high intensity of the SPS and in particular the large production of charm mesons with the 400 GeV beam allow accessing a wide variety of light long-lived exotic particles of such models and of SUSY. Moreover, the facility is ideally suited to study the interactions of tau neutrinos.
Schwarz, Matthias; Redondo, Javier; Ringwald, Andreas; Wiedemann, Guenter
2011-01-01
The Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS) is a joint astroparticle project of the Hamburger Sternwarte and DESY. The main target is to detect the solar emission of a new species of particles, so called Hidden Photons (HPs). Due to kinetic mixing, photons and HPs can convert into each other as they propagate. A small number of solar HPs - originating from photon to HP oscillations in the interior of the Sun - can be converted into photons in a long vacuum pipe pointing to the Sun - the SHIPS helioscope.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Schwarz, Matthias; Wiedemann, Guenter [Hamburg Univ. (Germany). Sternwarte; Lindner, Axel; Ringwald, Andreas [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Redondo, Javier [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Physik und Astrophysik, Muenchen (Germany)
2011-11-15
The Solar Hidden Photon Search (SHIPS) is a joint astroparticle project of the Hamburger Sternwarte and DESY. The main target is to detect the solar emission of a new species of particles, so called Hidden Photons (HPs). Due to kinetic mixing, photons and HPs can convert into each other as they propagate. A small number of solar HPs - originating from photon to HP oscillations in the interior of the Sun - can be converted into photons in a long vacuum pipe pointing to the Sun - the SHIPS helioscope. (orig.)
Seeking authenticity in high stakes mathematics assessment
Drake, Pat; Wake, Geoff; Noyes, Andy
2009-01-01
This article derives from a scrutiny of over 100 national secondary mathematics examination papers in England, conducted as part of the Evaluating Mathematics Pathways project 2007-2010 by a team of eight researchers. The focus in this article is of the extent to which mathematics assessment items reflect and represent the current curriculum drive for increased mathematical applications in the curriculum. We show that whilst mathematics is represented as a human activity in the examinations, ...
Mathematical modeling courses for Media technology students
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Timcenko, Olga
2009-01-01
This paper addresses curriculum development for Mathematical Modeling course at Medialogy education. Medialogy as a study line was established in 2002 at Faculty for Engineering and Natural Sciences at Aalborg University, and mathematics curriculum has already been revised three times, Mathematic...
Experimenting with Mathematical Biology
Sanft, Rebecca; Walter, Anne
2016-01-01
St. Olaf College recently added a Mathematical Biology concentration to its curriculum. The core course, Mathematics of Biology, was redesigned to include a wet laboratory. The lab classes required students to collect data and implement the essential modeling techniques of formulation, implementation, validation, and analysis. The four labs…
新课程背景下初中数学教师的自我定位%Self-positioning of Junior High School Mathematics Teachers in New Curriculum
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李文英
2011-01-01
新课程改革下的初中数学教师要从根本上转变观念，摆脱传统教学模式的束缚，赋予数学课堂以生机和魅力，从而达到师生在学习中成长、在学习中收获的目的。%Junior high school mathematics teachers in new curriculum reform should change concept in the essence and get rid of rigidness of traditional teaching pattern and give classroom teaching vitality and charm, thus to achieve the objective of teachers and st
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
杨水根
2014-01-01
传统小学数学教学模式是以教师为中心形成的一种单向被动的学习模式，其教学手段和目的已不能适应新课改要求下的小学数学教学，所以，对其进行深入的分析与研究具有十分重要的意义。%Traditional elementary school mathematics teaching mode is a teacher as the center to form a one-way passive learning pattern, its teaching means and purpose can’t adapt to the request of new curriculum reform of elementary school mathematics teaching, therefore, the in-depth analysis and research is of great significance.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘燚
2011-01-01
基础教育新数学课程的实施带来了很多新的变化,这些变化也对高师数学教育提出了严峻的挑战.从课程目标、课程内容、教学方式、教学管理与评价四个方面分析了这些挑战,并给出了应对策略.%The mathematics education in normal college and university had been confronted with the new challenges, which mainly came from the implementation of the new mathematics curriculum in the elementary education. From the following four aspects: curricular aim, curricular content,teaching styles and the teaching management and evaluation styles, the paper discusses the challenges and the strategics.
The Magic of Mathematics Discovering the Spell of Mathematics
Pappas, Theoni
2011-01-01
Delves into the world of ideas, explores the spell mathematics casts on our lives, and helps you discover mathematics where you least expect it. Be spellbound by the mathematical designs found in nature. Learn how knots may untie the mysteries of life. Be mesmerized by the computer revolution. Discover how the hidden forces of mathematics hold architectural structures together connect your telephone calls help airplanes get off the ground solve the mysteries of the living cell. See how some artists use a mathematical palette in their works and how many writers draw upon the wealth of its ideas
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Krogh, Anders Stærmose; Riis, Søren Kamaric
1999-01-01
A general framework for hybrids of hidden Markov models (HMMs) and neural networks (NNs) called hidden neural networks (HNNs) is described. The article begins by reviewing standard HMMs and estimation by conditional maximum likelihood, which is used by the HNN. In the HNN, the usual HMM probability...... parameters are replaced by the outputs of state-specific neural networks. As opposed to many other hybrids, the HNN is normalized globally and therefore has a valid probabilistic interpretation. All parameters in the HNN are estimated simultaneously according to the discriminative conditional maximum...... likelihood criterion. The HNN can be viewed as an undirected probabilistic independence network (a graphical model), where the neural networks provide a compact representation of the clique functions. An evaluation of the HNN on the task of recognizing broad phoneme classes in the TIMIT database shows clear...
Królikowski, Wojciech
2016-01-01
A hypothetic Hidden Sector of the Universe, consisting of sterile fermions ("sterinos") and sterile mediating bosons ("sterons") of mass dimension 1 (not 2!) - the last described by an antisymmetric tensor field - requires to exist also a scalar isovector and scalar isoscalar in order to be able to construct electroweak invariant coupling (before spontaneously breaking its symmetry). The introduced scalar isoscalar might be a resonant source for the diphoton excess of 750 GeV, suggested recently by experiment.
The Changed Concept of Mathematical Education
Flemming, Wilfred
1975-01-01
This paper, the author's introductory remarks at a British conference concerning Modern Mathematics and the Teaching of Science, describes the contrasting objectives of students, mathematicians, and scientists with respect to the mathematics curriculum. (SD)
Hidden variables and hidden time in quantum theory
Kurakin, Pavel V.
2005-01-01
Bell's theorem proves only that hidden variables evolving in true physical time can't exist; still the theorem's meaning is usually interpreted intolerably wide. The concept of hidden time (and, in general, hidden space-time) is introduced. Such concept provides a whole new class of physical theories, fully compatible with current knowledge, but giving new tremendous possibilities. Those theories do not violate Bell's theorem.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
呙磊
2015-01-01
高职院校应以职业为导向，从讲坛文化、社团文化、节庆文化、景观文化四个层面入手，有目的、有计划、有步骤的建构隐性课程体系，引导学生亲临其境、耳濡目染、感同身受，潜移默化的影响其人格、人道、人性、人生以及知识意向、价值取向等，以期达到教育人、影响人、陶”人、感化人、提升人的目的。%Based on the career guidance, higher vocational colleges start with four aspects:pulpit culture, association culture, festival culture and landscape culture. They should construct hidden curriculum system with purposed, planned and stepped, guiding students and influencing their personality, humanity, human nature, life and the intention of knowledge, value orientation and so on in order to educate people, influence people, edify people and influence people.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
余俊旭
2014-01-01
With the deepening of new curriculum reform practice and development,the new standard plays a big role in the process of teaching . Classroom teaching is the core part of teaching, students and teachers interact with each other and promote. At the same time, the effectiveness of classroom teaching determines the discipline teaching quality. Moreover, the classroom teaching and curriculum research is the important question, new course standard clear rules for classroom teaching. In this paper, the problems existing in the current high school mathematics classroom teaching,analysis of the innovation of the high school mathematics classroom teaching approach under the request of the new curriculum concept .%随着新课程改革的不断深入实践和发展，新课标在教学过程中发挥着重大作用。课堂教学是教学工作的核心部分，是学生和教师相互影响和促进的过程。同时，课堂教学有效性的高低决定着学科教学质量。而且，课堂教学也是新课标所研究的重要问题，新课标准对课堂教学进行了明确的规定。由当前高中数学课堂教学存在的问题入手，在新课程理念的要求下分析高中数学课堂教学的创新途径。
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘忠东
2012-01-01
义务教育数学课程标准（2011年版）对学生主体的关注引发对《数学课程与教学论》课堂教学的反思，发现培养的师范生缺乏主体性。原因主要是已有研究和实践对数学教育专业师范生的主体性关注不足，存在“主体性缺位”和“主体参与缺失”。为此，文中具体分析了主体性的含义，指出《数学课程与教学论》课堂中的师范生兼具学生和职前数学教师角色，有两种主体性需要发展，这两种主体性的实现需师范生主体参与两种不同的但又存在辩证循环关系的社会历史实践活动。师范生的主体性发展有赖于执教教师主体性的发展，两者统一于教育教学活动中。师范生和教师主体性的发展均要求主体参与特定社会历史情境中的实践活动。基于此，文章第四部分构建了《数学课程与教学论》课程教学的“三实践两反思”模式，进一步分析模式及其实施中的主体参与问题，以期促进各主体的主体性发展。%Compulsory education mathematics curriculum standard (2011 Edition) on students" attention due to the theory of mathematics curriculum and teaching reflection, found culture of normal students lack of subjectivity. The reason is mainly research and practice of Mathematics Education Major Students in normal subject enough attention, the existence of " subjectivity absence" and" lack of subject participation" . Therefore, this paper analyzes the subjective meaning, pointed out that mathematics curriculum and teaching theory in the classroom with students and teachers pre -service mathematics teachers'role, has two kinds of main body need to develop, the two main body of the normal school students'participation in two different but there are dialectical relationship between circulating social practice activities. Normal students" subjectivity development depends on his teacher~ subjectivity development; they are unified in
The 24-Hour Mathematical Modeling Challenge
Galluzzo, Benjamin J.; Wendt, Theodore J.
2015-01-01
Across the mathematics curriculum there is a renewed emphasis on applications of mathematics and on mathematical modeling. Providing students with modeling experiences beyond the ordinary classroom setting remains a challenge, however. In this article, we describe the 24-hour Mathematical Modeling Challenge, an extracurricular event that exposes…
Bergsten, Christer; Engelbrecht, Johann; Kågesten, Owe
2017-01-01
One challenge for an optimal design of the mathematical components in engineering education curricula is to understand how the procedural and conceptual dimensions of mathematical work can be matched with different demands and contexts from the education and practice of engineers. The focus in this paper is on how engineering students respond to…
Sworder, Steven
In 1989, a study was conducted at Saddleback College (SC) to analyze the success rates of students who delayed enrollment into a mathematics class after completing the assessment process. The study population consisted of 1,027 students who participated in the mathematics assessment process between July and August 1988 and who enrolled in at least…
Teaching secondary mathematics
Rock, David
2013-01-01
Solidly grounded in up-to-date research, theory and technology,?Teaching Secondary Mathematics?is a practical, student-friendly, and popular text for secondary mathematics methods courses. It provides clear and useful approaches for mathematics teachers, and shows how concepts typically found in a secondary mathematics curriculum can be taught in a positive and encouraging way. The thoroughly revised fourth edition combines this pragmatic approach with truly innovative and integrated technology content throughout. Synthesized content between the book and comprehensive companion websi
Applications of hidden symmetries to black hole physics
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Frolov, Valeri, E-mail: vfrolov@ualberta.ca [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Department of Physics University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, T6G 2G7 (Canada)
2011-02-01
This work is a brief review of applications of hidden symmetries to black hole physics. Symmetry is one of the most important concepts of the science. In physics and mathematics the symmetry allows one to simplify a problem, and often to make it solvable. According to the Noether theorem symmetries are responsible for conservation laws. Besides evident (explicit) spacetime symmetries, responsible for conservation of energy, momentum, and angular momentum of a system, there also exist what is called hidden symmetries, which are connected with higher order in momentum integrals of motion. A remarkable fact is that black holes in four and higher dimensions always possess a set ('tower') of explicit and hidden symmetries which make the equations of motion of particles and light completely integrable. The paper gives a general review of the recently obtained results. The main focus is on understanding why at all black holes have something (symmetry) to hide.
Applications of hidden symmetries to black hole physics
Frolov, Valeri
2010-01-01
This work is a brief review of applications of hidden symmetries to black hole physics. Symmetry is one of the most important concepts of the science. In physics and mathematics the symmetry allows one to simplify a problem, and often to make it solvable. According to the Noether theorem symmetries are responsible for conservation laws. Besides evident (explicit) spacetime symmetries, responsible for conservation of energy, momentum, and angular momentum of a system, there also exist what is called hidden symmetries, which are connected with higher order in momentum integrals of motion. A remarkable fact is that black holes in four and higher dimensions always possess a set (`tower') of explicit and hidden symmetries which make the equations of motion of particles and light completely integrable. The paper gives a general review of the recently obtained results. The main focus is on understanding why at all black holes have something (symmetry) to hide.
The high School Mathematics Classroom Teaching Under the New Curriculum Reform%浅谈新课改下的高中数学课堂教学
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
许梅华
2014-01-01
课堂教学改革是课改的落脚点和支撑点，也是新课改的攻坚之处，教师的课堂教学行为不改变，课改成功就是一句空话。在新课程改革下，怎样搞好课堂教学，值得广大教育者思考。%The classroom teaching refo rm is the curriculum goal and the supporting point of new curriculum reform,but also the key points. If the teachers’ teaching behavior does not change,the success of course reform will be an empty word. Under the new curriculum reform,it is worth thinking about how to improve the classroom teaching.
prospective mathematics and physics teachers
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Graduate Schoolfor Mathematics and Physics Teacher Education curriculum at. University ... In a pedagogical approach to modelling a phenomenon, the habit of fol- ... In this section we report on the six open-answer questions of the question-.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
王正萍; 张信群
2011-01-01
通过对目前高职院校高等数学课程的开设模式及课时、教学内容、教师的教学方式以及学生的数学基础和学习状况进行分析,针对新时期高职教育的培养目标和生源的特点,明确高等数学课程在高职教育中的地位与作用。阐述了新时期高等数学课程建设中,教学大纲建设、教材建设、师资队伍建设、教学改革建设、教书育人建设等核心内容。%Based on current teaching pattern,hour,content,method,as well as students＇ foundation of mathematics and learning situation,this paper has made a research on the course of Advanced Mathematics in higher vocational college.Further more,aiming at training objectives of higher vocational education in the new period and matriculates＇ characters,the paper indicates the position and function of Advanced Mathematics in higher vocational education.In conclusion,the paper expounds the core of its curriculum construction from several aspects as follow： construction of teaching program,teaching material,teachers,students and educational reform.
Loving + hating mathematics challenging the myths of mathematical life
Hersh, Reuben
2011-01-01
Mathematics is often thought of as the coldest expression of pure reason. But few subjects provoke hotter emotions--and inspire more love and hatred--than mathematics. And although math is frequently idealized as floating above the messiness of human life, its story is nothing if not human; often, it is all too human. Loving and Hating Mathematics is about the hidden human, emotional, and social forces that shape mathematics and affect the experiences of students and mathematicians. Written in a lively, accessible style, and filled with gripping stories and anecdotes, Loving and Hating Mathema
Connected Mathematics Project (CMP). What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse, 2010
2010-01-01
The "Connected Mathematics Project" ("CMP") is a mathematics curriculum designed for students in grades 6-8. Each grade level of the curriculum is a full-year program and covers numbers, algebra, geometry/measurement, probability, and statistics. The curriculum uses an investigative approach, and students utilize interactive…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
姚峰
2011-01-01
With the New Curriculum,the process of teaching Mathematics in Middle school should be the process of the knowledge of Mathematics and finding thinking way.During the process,teachers are required to encourage the students think actively,and try to vivify students＇ thinking ability.The specific ways are：helping them learn to think,guiding them to understand the statement of the question,improving their initiative ability of thinking,inspiring their internal thinking ability of Mathematics,developing their independent thinking ability;promoting their questioning validity in the class,enlightening their divergent thinking ability by asking questions,training their deliberation of Mathematic thinking by brave questioning,careful exploring,clever conversing.%新课标下，中学数学教学的过程应该是数学知识与思想方法的发现过程，在这个过程中教师必须让学生的主体思维得到充分的发挥，教师要想方设法把学生引到思维的“源泉”中去，并不断启发学生去积极思考，尽可能地激活学生的思维能力。具体路径为：引导学生把文字语言转化为数学语言，训练学生正确思维；先做后讲，培养学生的数学独立思维能力；多方发问，激发学生发散思维；巧妙转换，培养学生数学思维的缜密性。
Gose, Michael D.
2004-01-01
Twenty-five teachers with reputations for artistry in curriculum planning were interviewed about their "curriculum animation" plans or how they ensured their curriculum was brought to life. Their statements indicated that much of their planning is informal and intuitive, and that the criteria they use for their curriculum includes: (1) it is…
Mathematical Modelling as Problem Solving for Children in the Singapore Mathematics Classrooms
Eric, Chan Chun Ming
2009-01-01
The newly revised mathematics curriculum in Singapore has recently factored Applications and Modelling to be part of the teaching and learning of mathematics. Its implication is that even children should now be involved in works of mathematical modelling. However, to be able to implement modelling activities in the primary mathematics classroom,…
Hidden attractors in dynamical systems
Dudkowski, Dawid; Jafari, Sajad; Kapitaniak, Tomasz; Kuznetsov, Nikolay V.; Leonov, Gennady A.; Prasad, Awadhesh
2016-06-01
Complex dynamical systems, ranging from the climate, ecosystems to financial markets and engineering applications typically have many coexisting attractors. This property of the system is called multistability. The final state, i.e., the attractor on which the multistable system evolves strongly depends on the initial conditions. Additionally, such systems are very sensitive towards noise and system parameters so a sudden shift to a contrasting regime may occur. To understand the dynamics of these systems one has to identify all possible attractors and their basins of attraction. Recently, it has been shown that multistability is connected with the occurrence of unpredictable attractors which have been called hidden attractors. The basins of attraction of the hidden attractors do not touch unstable fixed points (if exists) and are located far away from such points. Numerical localization of the hidden attractors is not straightforward since there are no transient processes leading to them from the neighborhoods of unstable fixed points and one has to use the special analytical-numerical procedures. From the viewpoint of applications, the identification of hidden attractors is the major issue. The knowledge about the emergence and properties of hidden attractors can increase the likelihood that the system will remain on the most desirable attractor and reduce the risk of the sudden jump to undesired behavior. We review the most representative examples of hidden attractors, discuss their theoretical properties and experimental observations. We also describe numerical methods which allow identification of the hidden attractors.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
卢建玲
2014-01-01
The effective teaching of senior middle school mathematics is an inevitable demand in the curricu-lum reform of senior middle school mathematics. The effective teaching is featured with a clear teaching goal, all students’participation, flexible teaching model, communicative interaction between teachers and stu-dents, multiple teaching valuations and so on. Based on the fact that there are many problems such as unilater-alism in teaching goal, generalization in teaching content, simplification in teaching method, formalization in teaching activity, simplification in teaching valuation and low teaching efficiency, this paper puts forward the basic road of middle school maths’s effective teaching under the perspective of new curriculum .%高中数学有效性教学是高中数学新课程改革的必然要求，具有教学目标明晰、学生全员参与、教学方式灵活、师生良性互动、教学评价多元等特点。本文针对当前高中数学教学出现教学目标片面化、教学内容宽泛化、教学方式单一化、教学活动形式化、教学评价简单化、教学效果低效化等问题，提出新课程视阈下高中数学有效性教学的基本路径。
The Philosophy of Mathematics Education
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
This survey provides a brief and selective overview of research in the philosophy of mathematics education. It asks what makes up the philosophy of mathematics education, what it means, what questions it asks and answers, and what is its overall importance and use? It provides overviews of critical...... mathematics education, and the most relevant modern movements in the philosophy of mathematics. A case study is provided of an emerging research tradition in one country. This is the Hermeneutic strand of research in the philosophy of mathematics education in Brazil. This illustrates one orientation towards...... research inquiry in the philosophy of mathematics education. It is part of a broader practice of ‘philosophical archaeology’: the uncovering of hidden assumptions and buried ideologies within the concepts and methods of research and practice in mathematics education. An extensive bibliography is also...
Middle-School Mathematics Teachers' Beliefs in NCTM's Vision
Perrin, John Robert
2012-01-01
This study examined the extent to which seventh- and eighth-grade mathematics teachers are aware of National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM) standards documents, Curriculum and Evaluation Standards for School Mathematics and Principles and Standards for School Mathematics and agree with NCTM's vision of school mathematics as expressed in…
Managing Hidden Costs of Offshoring
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Marcus M.; Pedersen, Torben
2014-01-01
This chapter investigates the concept of the ‘hidden costs’ of offshoring, i.e. unexpected offshoring costs exceeding the initially expected costs. Due to the highly undefined nature of these costs, we position our analysis towards the strategic responses of firms’ realisation of hidden costs....... In this regard, we argue that a major response to the hidden costs of offshoring is the identification and utilisation of strategic mechanisms in the organisational design to eventually achieving system integration in a globally dispersed and disaggregated organisation. This is heavily moderated by a learning...
Sexton, Matt; Downton, Ann
2014-01-01
The mathematics curriculum leader plays an important role in leading the mathematics curriculum in primary schools. They experience successes and face challenges associated with this leadership role. The perceptions that 25 mathematics leaders held about the successes and challenges they experienced whilst participating in a school mathematics…
浅谈课改中数学教学的点滴体会%Experience of Mathematics Teaching in the Curriculum Reform
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
成健美; 刘艳萍
2014-01-01
Describes the experience of curriculum reform:teaching,increase a“Introduction”course;the student to created the“miracle”in the activing;“read”in“do”.%阐述了课程改革的几点感受：教学时，增加一节“序言”课；学生在活动中创造“奇迹”；“读”中“做”。
Harwell, Michael; Dupuis, Danielle; Post, Thomas R.; Medhanie, Amanuel; LeBeau, Brandon
2014-01-01
The relationship between high school mathematics curricula and the likelihood of students who enroll in a developmental (non-credit bearing) course in college taking additional mathematics courses was studied. The results showed that high school mathematics curriculum, years of high school mathematics completed, and ACT mathematics scores were…
Harwell, Michael; Dupuis, Danielle; Post, Thomas R.; Medhanie, Amanuel; LeBeau, Brandon
2014-01-01
The relationship between high school mathematics curricula and the likelihood of students who enroll in a developmental (non-credit bearing) course in college taking additional mathematics courses was studied. The results showed that high school mathematics curriculum, years of high school mathematics completed, and ACT mathematics scores were…
Variational Infinite Hidden Conditional Random Fields
Bousmalis, Konstantinos; Zafeiriou, Stefanos; Morency, Louis-Philippe; Pantic, Maja; Ghahramani, Zoubin
2015-01-01
Hidden conditional random fields (HCRFs) are discriminative latent variable models which have been shown to successfully learn the hidden structure of a given classification problem. An Infinite hidden conditional random field is a hidden conditional random field with a countably infinite number of
Microgenetic analysis of hidden figures
Marković Slobodan S.; Gvozdenović Vasilije P.
2006-01-01
In this study the phenomenological and processual aspects of the perception of hidden figures were compared. The question was whether the more probable percepts of hidden figures, compared to the less probable percepts, were generated in earlier stages of the perceptual process. In the pilot study the subjects were asked to say what they see in a complex linear pattern. The three most frequent and the three least frequent perceptual descriptions were selected. In the experiment the microgenes...
Inclusive Mathematics Classrooms
Ollerton, Mike
2009-01-01
In this article, the author explores the theme of inclusion. Inclusion is one of the themes within the recent Qualifications and Curriculum Authority (QCA) publication: "Engaging mathematics for all learners" and the author had the good fortune to participate in this project. This involved working with five schools which, frivolously, all had a…
Feng, Chuan C.
Reported is the Cooperative College-School Science Program in Computing Science Education which was conducted by the University of Colorado Department of Civil Engineering in the summer of 1967. The program consisted of two five-week terms. The course work was composed of two formal lecture courses in Computer Related Mathematics and Computer…
Alberta Dept. of Education, Edmonton.
This document is designed to assist teachers in helping students in further development of problem-solving skills. It consists of: a statement of purpose; an introduction (noting the place of problem-solving in junior high school mathematics curricula); a definition of problem-solving; a four-stage general framework for solving problems (which…
Wolfe, Christopher B.; Clements, Douglas H.; Sarama, Julie; Spitler, Mary Elaine
2013-01-01
Although there is growing interest in implementation fidelity, little research has been reported on the sustainability over time of faithful implementations of learning innovations. This study examined the sustainability of teachers' implementation fidelity to the components of a prekindergarten mathematics intervention two full years after…
Martin, Christie; Polly, Drew; McGee, Jen; Wang, Chuang; Lambert, Richard; Pugalee, David
2015-01-01
This study examined the mathematical discourse of elementary school teachers and their students while participating in a year-long professional development project focused on implementing reform-based mathematics curriculum. The teacher participants included 12 teachers, two from each grade level from Kindergarten through Grade 5. Field notes were…
Wang, Frédéric
2010-01-01
We give an overview of the Hidden Subgroup Problem (HSP) as of July 2010, including new results discovered since the survey of arXiv:quant-ph/0411037v1. We recall how the problem provides a framework for efficient quantum algorithms and present the standard methods based on coset sampling. We study the Dihedral and Symmetric HSPs and how they relate to hard problems on lattices and graphs. Finally, we conclude with the known solutions and techniques, describe connections with efficient algorithms as well as miscellaneous variants of HSP. We also bring various contributions to the topic. We show that in theory, we can solve HSP over a given group inductively: the base case is solving HSP over its simple factor groups and the inductive step is building efficient oracles over a normal subgroup N and over the factor group G/N. We apply this analysis to the Dedekindian HSP to get an alternative abelian HSP algorithm based on a change of the underlying group. We also propose a quotient reduction by the normal group...
Why Teach mathematics to Adults?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Lene Østergaard
2008-01-01
an analysis of the development of this new mathematics course. I have focused on reasons given by three different groups of active partners in the curriculum development process. I have focused on: (1) Politicians and Officials (2) The Curriculum Planners of PAE-mathematics (3) A selected group of mathematics...... a framework or a tool for my analysis of the three discourses, which consists of three elements. I identify the explicit reasons asking the question "Why teach mathematics to adults?" to the texts of each discourse. To identify the implicit reasons, I assume that it is necessary to construct a need...... a construction of need for education or implicit reasons in the Mathematics Teachers Discourse. Even that there are common explicit reasons for providing adults with mathematics education my analysis has shown that there are conflicting implicit reasons, and that these are based on different understandings...
Managing Hidden Costs of Offshoring
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Larsen, Marcus M.; Pedersen, Torben
2014-01-01
This chapter investigates the concept of the ‘hidden costs’ of offshoring, i.e. unexpected offshoring costs exceeding the initially expected costs. Due to the highly undefined nature of these costs, we position our analysis towards the strategic responses of firms’ realisation of hidden costs. In......-by-doing process, where hidden costs motivate firms and their employees to search for new and better knowledge on how to successfully manage the organisation. We illustrate this thesis based on the case of the LEGO Group.......This chapter investigates the concept of the ‘hidden costs’ of offshoring, i.e. unexpected offshoring costs exceeding the initially expected costs. Due to the highly undefined nature of these costs, we position our analysis towards the strategic responses of firms’ realisation of hidden costs....... In this regard, we argue that a major response to the hidden costs of offshoring is the identification and utilisation of strategic mechanisms in the organisational design to eventually achieving system integration in a globally dispersed and disaggregated organisation. This is heavily moderated by a learning...
The Hidden Costs of Offshoring
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Møller Larsen, Marcus; Manning, Stephan; Pedersen, Torben
2011-01-01
This study seeks to explain hidden costs of offshoring, i.e. unexpected costs resulting from the relocation of business tasks and activities outside the home country. We develop a model that highlights the role of complexity, design orientation and experience in explaining hidden costs of offshor...... of our study is to suggest how hidden costs of offshoring can be mitigated through an explicit orientation towards improving organizational processes and structures as well as experience with offshoring.......This study seeks to explain hidden costs of offshoring, i.e. unexpected costs resulting from the relocation of business tasks and activities outside the home country. We develop a model that highlights the role of complexity, design orientation and experience in explaining hidden costs...... of offshoring. Specifically, we propose that hidden costs can be explained by the combination of increasing structural, operational and social complexity of offshoring activities. In addition, we suggest that firm orientation towards organizational design as part of an offshoring strategy and offshoring...
Connecting mathematics learning through spatial reasoning
Mulligan, Joanne; Woolcott, Geoffrey; Mitchelmore, Michael; Davis, Brent
2017-07-01
Spatial reasoning, an emerging transdisciplinary area of interest to mathematics education research, is proving integral to all human learning. It is particularly critical to science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields. This project will create an innovative knowledge framework based on spatial reasoning that identifies new pathways for mathematics learning, pedagogy and curriculum. Novel analytical tools will map the unknown complex systems linking spatial and mathematical concepts. It will involve the design, implementation and evaluation of a Spatial Reasoning Mathematics Program (SRMP) in Grades 3 to 5. Benefits will be seen through development of critical spatial skills for students, increased teacher capability and informed policy and curriculum across STEM education.
Anwaruddin, Sardar M.
2016-01-01
While the field of second language teacher education (SLTE) has expanded noticeably over the past decade, little attention has been paid to specific approaches to its curriculum. Taking a hidden-curriculum approach, I show that the curriculum of SLTE is focused predominantly on the content, method and assessment of teaching, which I describe as…
Anwaruddin, Sardar M.
2016-01-01
While the field of second language teacher education (SLTE) has expanded noticeably over the past decade, little attention has been paid to specific approaches to its curriculum. Taking a hidden-curriculum approach, I show that the curriculum of SLTE is focused predominantly on the content, method and assessment of teaching, which I describe as…
Curriculum, quantitative concepts and methodology of teaching ...
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Curriculum, quantitative concepts and methodology of teaching children with learning difficulties. ... African Journal of Educational Studies in Mathematics and Sciences. Journal Home · ABOUT ... Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ...
Succeeding at teaching secondary mathematics your first year
Roddick, Cheryl D
2010-01-01
This practical resource helps beginning secondary mathematics teachers design a curriculum that is meaningful, differentiate instruction, engage students, meet standards, assess student understanding, and more.
Kharuddin, Azrul Fazwan; Ismail, Noor Azina
2017-01-01
Integrating technology in the mathematics curriculum has become a necessary task for curriculum developers as well as mathematics practitioners across the world and time. In general research studies seeking a better understanding of how best to integrate mathematics analysis tools with mathematics subject matter normally observe mathematics…
A Taxonomy of Software for Mathematics Instruction
Kurz, Terri L.; Middleton, James A.; Yanik, H. Bahadir
2005-01-01
The potential to use mathematics software to enhance student thinking and development is discussed and a taxonomy of software categories is outlined in this paper. Briefly, there are five categories of tool-based mathematics software that can be used fruitfully in a mathematics curriculum: (a) review and practice, (b) general, (c) specific, (d)…
Mathematics Anxiety in Secondary Students in England
Chinn, Steve
2009-01-01
Whatever the changes that are made to the mathematics curriculum in England, there will always remain a problem with mathematics anxiety. Maths anxiety is rarely facilitative. This study examined aspects of mathematics in secondary schools and how students rated them as sources of anxiety. Over 2000 students in independent and mainstream schools…
Trigonometry and Analytic Geometry: Curriculum Guide.
Harlandale Independent School District, San Antonio, TX. Career Education Center.
The guide (one-quarter trigonometry course; two-quarter analytic geometry course) provides both subject matter and career preparation assistance for advanced mathematics teachers. It is arranged in vertical columns relating curriculum concepts in trigonometry and analytic geometry to curriculum performance objectives, career concepts and teaching…
Dissect, Design, and Customize the Curriculum
Tienken, Christopher H.
2013-01-01
Education bureaucrats in 45 states have approved the Common Core State Standards ([CCSS], 2010) as the de facto national curriculum. The implementation of the CCSS will be monitored by a national standardized test in language arts and mathematics. The confluence of a standardized curriculum enforced with a standardized test will entrench a…
Powerful Software To Enhance the Elementary School Mathematics Program.
Kerrigan, John
2002-01-01
Analyzes mathematics software programs to find engaging and easy-to-use software for integration into the elementary school mathematics curriculum. Discusses criteria for judging good software and useful classroom implementation. (KHR)
Auditing the Numeracy Demands of the Australian Curriculum
Goos, Merrilyn; Dole, Shelley; Geiger, Vince
2012-01-01
Numeracy is a general capability to be developed in all learning areas of the Australian Curriculum. We evaluated the numeracy demands of the F-10 curriculum, using a model of numeracy that incorporates mathematical knowledge, dispositions, tools, contexts, and a critical orientation to the use of mathematics. Findings of the history curriculum…
Stargate of the Hidden Multiverse
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alexander Antonov
2016-02-01
Full Text Available Concept of Monoverse, which corresponds to the existing broad interpretation of the second postulate of the special theory of relativity, is not consistent with the modern astrophysical reality — existence of the dark matter and the dark energy, the total mass-energy of which is ten times greater than the mass-energy of the visible universe (which has been considered as the entire universe until very recent . This concept does not allow to explain their rather unusual properties — invisibility and lack of baryon content — which would seem to even destroy the very modern understanding of the term ‘matter’. However, all numerous alternative concepts of Multiverses, which have been proposed until today, are unable to explain these properties of the dark matter and dark energy. This article describes a new concept: the concept of the hidden Multiverse and hidden Supermultiverse, which mutual invisibility of parallel universes is explained by the physical reality of imaginary numbers. This concept completely explains the phenomenon of the dark matter and the dark energy. Moreover, it is shown that the dark matter and the dark energy are the experimental evidence for the existence of the hidden Multiverse. Described structure of the hidden Multiverse is fully consistent with the data obtained by the space stations WMAP and Planck. An extremely important property of the hidden Multiverse is an actual possibility of its permeation through stargate located on the Earth.
Mathematical grammar of biology
Yamagishi, Michel Eduardo Beleza
2017-01-01
This seminal, multidisciplinary book shows how mathematics can be used to study the first principles of DNA. Most importantly, it enriches the so-called “Chargaff’s grammar of biology” by providing the conceptual theoretical framework necessary to generalize Chargaff’s rules. Starting with a simple example of DNA mathematical modeling where human nucleotide frequencies are associated to the Fibonacci sequence and the Golden Ratio through an optimization problem, its breakthrough is showing that the reverse, complement and reverse-complement operators defined over oligonucleotides induce a natural set partition of DNA words of fixed-size. These equivalence classes, when organized into a matrix form, reveal hidden patterns within the DNA sequence of every living organism. Intended for undergraduate and graduate students both in mathematics and in life sciences, it is also a valuable resource for researchers interested in studying invariant genomic properties.
Hidden photons in connection to dark matter
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Andreas, Sarah; Ringwald, Andreas [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); Goodsell, Mark D. [CPhT, Ecole Polytechnique, Palaiseau (France)
2013-06-15
Light extra U(1) gauge bosons, so called hidden photons, which reside in a hidden sector have attracted much attention since they are a well motivated feature of many scenarios beyond the Standard Model and furthermore could mediate the interaction with hidden sector dark matter.We review limits on hidden photons from past electron beam dump experiments including two new limits from such experiments at KEK and Orsay. In addition, we study the possibility of having dark matter in the hidden sector. A simple toy model and different supersymmetric realisations are shown to provide viable dark matter candidates in the hidden sector that are in agreement with recent direct detection limits.
新课改下初中数学教学的创新研究%The Innovation of Junior Middle School Mathematics Teaching Under the New Curriculum
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
何斌
2014-01-01
The new curriculum reform requires that the school should carry on the innovation teaching, cultivate students’ innovation ability. Therefore,we have studied the innovation teaching in junior high school, so as to lay a good foundation for the cultivation of students innovation ability.%新课改就是要求学校进行创新教学，不断培养学生的创新能力。因此，就初中数学的创新教学进行了深入研究，从而为培养学生的创新能力奠定良好的基础。
Hidden worlds in quantum physics
Gouesbet, Gérard
2014-01-01
The past decade has witnessed a resurgence in research and interest in the areas of quantum computation and entanglement. This new book addresses the hidden worlds or variables of quantum physics. Author Gérard Gouesbet studied and worked with a former student of Louis de Broglie, a pioneer of quantum physics. His presentation emphasizes the history and philosophical foundations of physics, areas that will interest lay readers as well as professionals and advanced undergraduate and graduate students of quantum physics. The introduction is succeeded by chapters offering background on relevant concepts in classical and quantum mechanics, a brief history of causal theories, and examinations of the double solution, pilot wave, and other hidden-variables theories. Additional topics include proofs of possibility and impossibility, contextuality, non-locality, classification of hidden-variables theories, and stochastic quantum mechanics. The final section discusses how to gain a genuine understanding of quantum mec...
Muir, Gary M; Van Wylen, David G L
2009-01-01
Planning for new science facilities at your institution is an exciting, challenging, and rewarding endeavor. Perhaps most significantly, it also embodies a rare opportunity to provide new infrastructure to support a programmatic vision for the future. Here, we describe St. Olaf's new Regents Hall of Natural and Mathematical Sciences, beginning with an outline of the planning/design process, then an overview of the features of the building - with particular regard to the Neuroscience Program facilities - and finally a discussion of lessons learned. We hope our experiences may benefit those engaged in the facilities planning process at their own institutions.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
刘姣; 马文杰; 王启龙
2015-01-01
目前我国高职院校数学课程中主要存在着专业针对性不强、难以满足不同水平学生发展的需要、难以实现数学与信息技术的有效整合等问题。基于此来分析新加坡理工学院的数学课程，发现其具有以下几个特点：依据专业需要选择数学知识模块；依据学生不同层次的数学水平设置不同层次的模块；教学中基于实际问题的解决整合信息技术。借鉴这些经验，我国高职数学课程的设置应进一步考虑不同专业、不同层次学生的数学水平及发展的多元化需要，打破学科课程体系的壁垒，为不同专业学生设计数学课程模块，并将信息技术有机整合进数学课程。%At present in mathematics course of higher vocational colleges in China, some problems exist, such as not strong professional pertinence, difficulty to meet the needs of different levels of students’development, difficulty to realize effective integration of math and information technology, etc. Based on this, it is found that through the analysis of mathematics course of Singapore Polytechnic, it has the following characteristics: need to choose mathematics knowledge module on the basis of professional needs; set different levels of module according to students’different levels of mathematics; integrate information technology in teaching based on practical problems solving. Drawing these lessons, mathematics curriculum provision of China’s higher vocational education should further consider mathematical level and diversified development needs of different specialties and different levels of students, break the barriers between subject curriculum systems, design mathematics curriculum modules for students majoring in different specialties, and integrate information technology into mathematics curriculum organically.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
M. Candaudap-Ortega
2010-06-01
purposes are influenced by informal practices that are engaged in any educational process, allowing learning regulated by the hidden curriculum. Subjects and methods. To know that influence the informal practices in the sub-specialty, an observational, prospective and descriptive of a group of residents in the specialty. Results and conclusions. After a year of observation of residents, talks and a survey of nine questions, they knew that the doctors asked to prepare a basis in education, as may best support. Therefore, you must create a curriculum that ensures the smooth function of the tutorial, to be of adequate guidance to residents in both the academic aspect as in the surgery, and thus benefit from the experience of physicians basis for their desire to serve Mexicans.
The Hidden Costs of Offshoring
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Møller Larsen, Marcus; Manning, Stephan; Pedersen, Torben
2011-01-01
experience moderate the relationship between complexity and hidden costs negatively i.e. reduces the cost generating impact of complexity. We develop three hypotheses and test them on comprehensive data from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN). In general, we find support for our hypotheses. A key result...... of offshoring. Specifically, we propose that hidden costs can be explained by the combination of increasing structural, operational and social complexity of offshoring activities. In addition, we suggest that firm orientation towards organizational design as part of an offshoring strategy and offshoring...
Hidden symmetries in jammed systems
Morse, Peter K.; Corwin, Eric I.
2016-07-01
There are deep, but hidden, geometric structures within jammed systems, associated with hidden symmetries. These can be revealed by repeated transformations under which these structures lead to fixed points. These geometric structures can be found in the Voronoi tesselation of space defined by the packing. In this paper we examine two iterative processes: maximum inscribed sphere (MIS) inversion and a real-space coarsening scheme. Under repeated iterations of the MIS inversion process we find invariant systems in which every particle is equal to the maximum inscribed sphere within its Voronoi cell. Using a real-space coarsening scheme we reveal behavior in geometric order parameters which is length-scale invariant.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
彭红军; 梁艳
2012-01-01
Probability and Mathematical Statistics is a curriculum which plays vital role in foundation courses. The scientific use of analogy method, can grasp this course in general, to extrapolate, in the context of the effect of liberally plagiarize across, can effectively reduce the difficulty of the teaching. Through the following aspects can analogy teaching： random events and the set analogy, discrete random variable and a continuous random variable analogy, one-dimension random variable and one-dimension random variable analogy, theory of probability and mathematical statistics part of related concepts analogy, confidence interval and hypothesis testing analogy, etc.%概率论与数理统计课程是一门重要的基础课程.在教学中科学使用类比方法,能够从总体上把握该课程的脉络,达到举一反三、触类旁通的效果,能够有效降低教学的难度.可以通过以下方面进行类比教学：随机事件与集合的类比,离散型随机变量与连续型随机变量的类比,一维随机变量与二维随机变量的类比,概率论部分与数理统计部分相关概念的类比,置信区间与假设检验的类比等。
Hidden Crises and Communication : An Interactional Analysis of Hidden Crises
Klarenbeek, Annette
2011-01-01
In this paper I describe the ways in which the communication discipline can make a hidden crisis transparent. For this purpose I examine the concept of crisis entrepreneurship from a communication point of view. Using discourse analysis, I analyse the discursive practices of crisis entrepreneurs in
Wikipedia mining of hidden links between political leaders
Frahm, Klaus M; Shepelyansky, Dima L
2016-01-01
We describe a new method of reduced Google matrix which allows to establish direct and hidden links between a subset of nodes of a large directed network. This approach uses parallels with quantum scattering theory, developed for processes in nuclear and mesoscopic physics and quantum chaos. The method is applied to the Wikipedia networks in different language editions analyzing several groups of political leaders of USA, UK, Germany, France, Russia and G20. We demonstrate that this approach allows to recover reliably direct and hidden links among political leaders. We argue that the reduced Google matrix method can form the mathematical basis for studies in social and political sciences analyzing Leader-Members eXchange (LMX).
Inhomogeneous spatial point processes with hidden second-order stationarity
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hahn, Ute; Jensen, Eva B. Vedel
correlation function g(u, v) is a function of u −˘ v, where −˘ is a generalized subtraction operator. For the reweighted second-order stationary processes, the subtraction operator is simply u −˘ v = u − v. The processes in the extended class are called hidden second-order stationary because, in many cases......Modelling of inhomogeneous spatial point patterns is a challenging research area with numerous applications in diverse areas of science. In recent years, the focus has mainly been on the class of reweighted second-order stationary point processes that is characterized by the mathematically...... attractive property of a translation invariant pair correlation function. Motivated by examples where this model class is not adequate, we extend the class of reweighted second-order stationary processes. The extended class consists of hidden second-order stationary point processes for which the pair...
Wikipedia mining of hidden links between political leaders
Frahm, Klaus M.; Jaffrès-Runser, Katia; Shepelyansky, Dima L.
2016-12-01
We describe a new method of reduced Google matrix which allows to establish direct and hidden links between a subset of nodes of a large directed network. This approach uses parallels with quantum scattering theory, developed for processes in nuclear and mesoscopic physics and quantum chaos. The method is applied to the Wikipedia networks in different language editions analyzing several groups of political leaders of USA, UK, Germany, France, Russia and G20. We demonstrate that this approach allows to recover reliably direct and hidden links among political leaders. We argue that the reduced Google matrix method can form the mathematical basis for studies in social and political sciences analyzing Leader-Members eXchange (LMX).
Need for Equipping Student Teachers with Language of Mathematics
Gafoor, K. Abdul; Sarabi, M. K.
2015-01-01
The significance of curriculum in building up language of mathematics which enables learners to construct and communicate knowledge of mathematics has not received due attention even as the pedagogical challenges faced by the students in learning mathematics have been discussed for years. Learning language of mathematics is not only valuable in…
Activities To Teach Mathematics in the Context of Environmental Studies.
Thomson, Barbara S.; Hartog, Martin D.
The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics' (NCTM) "Curriculum and Evaluation Standards" recommends that mathematical connections be made between mathematics and other disciplines. This book presents 35 activities for middle school students that integrate the teaching of mathematical concepts with environmental concepts. An…
Analyzing the Hidden Curriculum of Screen Media Advertising
Mason, Lance E.
2015-01-01
This media literacy article introduces a questioning framework for analyzing screen media with students and provides an example analysis of two contemporary commercials. Investigating screen conventions can help students understand the persuasive functions of commercials, as well as how the unique sensory experience of screen viewing affects how…
Analyzing the Hidden Curriculum of Screen Media Advertising
Mason, Lance E.
2015-01-01
This media literacy article introduces a questioning framework for analyzing screen media with students and provides an example analysis of two contemporary commercials. Investigating screen conventions can help students understand the persuasive functions of commercials, as well as how the unique sensory experience of screen viewing affects how…
Ethnomusicology, Ethnomathematics, and Integrating Curriculum
Bazinet, Ryan; Marshall, Anne Marie
2015-01-01
Integrating curriculum provides rich opportunities for students to focus on relevant applications to the real world and make meaningful connections across different disciplines. This article attempts to go beyond common discourse and platitudes by offering specific examples, showing we--an ethnomusicologist and a mathematics educator--attempted to…
Curriculum Innovation: Difference and Resemblance
Hanley, Una; Torrance, Harry
2011-01-01
How do teachers respond to a mathematics curriculum innovation? This paper reports some of the findings from a UK Research Council (ESRC)-funded project investigating how teachers in English secondary schools (students aged 12-16 years) responded to innovation. A Gatsby Foundation funded program implemented new materials; the project investigated…
Mathematics achievement in the Netherlands and appropriateness of the TIMSS mathematics test
Kuiper, Wilmad; Bos, Klaas; Plomp, Tjeerd
1999-01-01
Dutch students performed relatively well on the TIMSS mathematics test for population 2, although influential mathematics educators heavily criticised the appropriateness and fairness of the test in terms of the new, application- and inquiry-oriented mathematics curriculum which was implemented begi
Modeling Multiple Risks: Hidden Domain of Attraction
Mitra, Abhimanyu
2011-01-01
Hidden regular variation is a sub-model of multivariate regular variation and facilitates accurate estimation of joint tail probabilities. We generalize the model of hidden regular variation to what we call hidden domain of attraction. We exhibit examples that illustrate the need for a more general model and discuss detection and estimation techniques.
Exploration of Vocational College Advanced Mathematics Curriculum Content Reform%高职高等数学课程内容改革的探索
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
李东方
2015-01-01
Advanced mathematics is an essential public course of vocational college Science and Engineering professionals, personnel training in positioning in broadening cultural knowledge, empowerment support, providing professional tools in these areas. However, the current presence of Higher Mathematics Education Student Senate times uneven foundation, em-phasis theory teaching materials, teaching methods and examination system of single and many other issues. Based on the above issue, the article on the status of teaching in higher vocational colleges, combined with the author's teaching practice, the integration of classroom teaching content from optimization, explored the use of aspects of modern teaching methods re-form of teaching methods.%高等数学是高职院校理工科各专业必不可少的一门公共课，在人才培养中的作用集中在拓宽文化知识、增强能力支撑、提供专业工具这几个方面。然而，目前的高职高等数学教育中存在学生基础参差不齐，教材内容偏重理论，教学方法和考评体系单一等诸多问题。基于上述问题，文章就高职院校的教学现状，结合作者的教学实践，从优化整合课堂教学内容，利用现代教学手段改革教学方法等方面进行了探索。
Pentaquark states with hidden charm
Bijker, Roelof
2017-07-01
I develop an extension of the usual three-flavor quark model to four flavors (u, d, s and c), and discuss the classification of pentaquark states with hidden charm. This work is motivated by the recent observation of such states by the LHCb Collatoration at CERN.
Microgenetic analysis of hidden figures
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Marković Slobodan S.
2006-01-01
Full Text Available In this study the phenomenological and processual aspects of the perception of hidden figures were compared. The question was whether the more probable percepts of hidden figures, compared to the less probable percepts, were generated in earlier stages of the perceptual process. In the pilot study the subjects were asked to say what they see in a complex linear pattern. The three most frequent and the three least frequent perceptual descriptions were selected. In the experiment the microgenesis of the perception of hidden figures was investigated. The primed matching paradigm and the same-different task were used. In each experiment two types of test figures were contrasted: the more frequent and the less frequent ones. There were two prime types: identical (equal to test figures and complex (the pattern with hidden test figures. The prime duration was varied, 50 ms and 400 ms. The main result indicates that in the case of complex priming the more frequent test figures were processed significantly faster than the less frequent ones in both prime duration conditions. These results suggest that the faster the processing of a figure, the more probable the perceptual generation of this figure.
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈静安; 杨蕾; 孙莅文
2011-01-01
通过四国数学教师职前教育的比较研究发现,数学教师培养模式已从封闭走向开放、由职业定向走向专业教育、由低层次向高层次教育发展;课程结构从过于注重理论的学习与掌握转变为理论和实践相结合与并重,突出强调教师教育课程的专业性、应用性和实践性;教育空间从大学为本转向注重大学与中学的合作.比较而言,我国数学教师职前教育应重视在通识课程中提供广博宽厚的知识背景,进一步优化学科专业和教师专业课程的配置与比例,加强高师课程内容、教育理论与中学数学教育实践的整合,突出高师课程的专业性、应用性、实践性和能力培养等特色,强化面向中学、服务基础教育的教师教育理念.%Based on the conclusion drawn from an intensive comparison on the pre - service education of mathematics teachers and its curriculum structure among the four nations of China, Singapore , the USA and Britain , we found that both nations of the US and Singapore have enjoyed the same features, namely, thepre -service mathematics teacher - training mode transfers from closed development to open one, from occupational orientation to professional development, from low level to high - level education; course structure from the over - emphasis on theoretical learning into a combination of theory and practice with equal emphasis, education space from the stress on university to cooperation with the primary and secondary schools.It is suggested to call for reform in depth for China' s mathematics teacher education so as to train university students to become teachers who are well - informed, competent and thinking professionals.
Astronomy and Mathematics Education
Ros, Rosa M.
There are many European countries where Astronomy does not appear as a specific course on the secondary school. In these cases Astronomy content can be introduced by means of other subjects. There are some astronomical topics within the subject of Physics but this talk concerns introducing Astronomy in Mathematics classes. Teaching Astronomy through Mathematics would result in more exposure than through Physics as Mathematics is more prevalent in the curriculum. Generally it is not easy to motivate students in Mathematics but they are motivated to find out more about the universe and Astronomy current events than appears in the media. This situation can be an excellent introduction to several mathematics topics. The teachers in secondary and high school can use this idea in order to present more attractive mathematics courses. In particular some different examples will be offered regarding * Angles and spherical coordinates considering star traces * Logarithms and visual magnitudes * Plane trigonometry related orbital movements * Spherical trigonometry in connection with ecliptic obliquity * Conic curves related to sundial at several latitudes Some students do not enjoy studying Mathematics but they can be attracted by practical situations using Applied Mathematics: Astronomy is always very attractive to teenagers.
Does Curriculum 2005 promote successful learning of elementary algebra?
Nelis Vermeulen
2007-01-01
This article reviews literature, previous to the development of Curriculum 2005, describing possible causes and solutions for learners’ poor performance in algebra. It then analyses the Revised National Curriculum Statement for Mathematics in an attempt to determine whether it addresses these causes and suggested solutions. This analysis finds that the curriculum to a large extent does address them, but that some are either not addressed, or addressed only implicitly. Consequently, Curriculum...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Westphael, Henning; Mogensen, Arne
2013-01-01
In this article we present the notion of Mathematical competences as a tool to describe the mathematically gifted students.......In this article we present the notion of Mathematical competences as a tool to describe the mathematically gifted students....
A Mathematics Lesson from the Mayan Civilization.
Lara-Alecio, Rafael; Irby, Beverly J.; Morales-Aldana, Leonel
1998-01-01
Discusses how teachers can infuse culture into the curriculum and develop students' competence and confidence by using ethnomathematics. Examines the mathematics of the Mayan civilization. Contains 22 references. (ASK)
Careers in Psychology: Creating Customized Learning to Expose the Invisible Curriculum
Case, Kim A.; Miller, Angela; Hensley, Rachel; Jackson, Shaprie
2014-01-01
Invisible knowledge or the hidden curriculum, the informal education some students get from faculty mentors, is a privilege not afforded to all students. Many universities have instituted psychology careers courses to assist undergraduate psychology students with academic and career advisement. Designed to share this invisible curriculum with all…
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Orhan Çiftci
2015-08-01
Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to explore the opinions of mathematics teachers working in high schools on the high school mathematics curriculum that was reformed in 2013. Structured interview method was employed to collect data from nine high school teachers. Content and descriptive analysis were used to analyze the data obtained from the interviews with teachers. Based on the qualitative analysis of data, the teachers favored the reduction in the content and acquisition regulation, but criticized some eliminated content and acceptance the level of readiness of students. The teachers believed the benefit of using compass-straightedge, information and communication technologies. Furthermore, the teachers expected more professional development opportunities, particularly on the use of technology for teaching mathematics before they are hold accountable for the implementation of the new curriculum. [Bu çalışmada, ortaöğretim kurumlarında görev yapan matematik öğretmenlerinin 2013 yılında yayınlanan ortaöğretim matematik dersi öğretim programı hakkındaki görüşlerini ortaya çıkarmak amaçlanmıştır. Veriler dokuz lise matematik öğretmeni ile gerçekleştirilen yapılandırılmış görüşmeler ile elde edilmiştir. Öğretmenlerle yapılan görüşmeler sonucunda elde edilen verilerin analizi için içerik ve betimsel analizi kullanılmıştır. Çalışmadan elde edilen verilerin analizi sonucunda, öğretmenler yeni programı, konuların yoğunluğunun azaltılması ve kazanımların düzenlenmesi gibi konularda olumlu bulmuş; bazı konuların çıkartılması ve öğrencilerin hazır bulunuşluk düzeylerinin kabulü konusunda eleştirmişlerdir. Öğretmenler, bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerini ve pergel-cetveli kullanmanın faydalı olacağını belirtmişlerdir. Ayrıca, bilgi ve iletişim teknolojilerini kullanma konusunda desteklenmelerini ve programın öğretmenlere ayrıntılı olarak tanıtılmasını önermişlerdir.
Assessing the Potential of Mathematics Textbooks to Promote Deep Learning
Shield, Malcolm; Dole, Shelley
2013-01-01
Curriculum documents for mathematics emphasise the importance of promoting depth of knowledge rather than shallow coverage of the curriculum. In this paper, we report on a study that explored the analysis of junior secondary mathematics textbooks to assess their potential to assist in teaching and learning aimed at building and applying deep…
Mathematics as It Happens: Student-Centred Inquiry Learning
Brough, Chris; Calder, Nigel
2012-01-01
This paper examines how mathematical understandings might emerge through student-centred inquiry. Data is drawn from a research project on student-centred curriculum integration (CI) that situated mathematics within authentic problem-solving contexts and involved students in collaboratively constructed curriculum. Participatory action research…
Assessing the Potential of Mathematics Textbooks to Promote Deep Learning
Shield, Malcolm; Dole, Shelley
2013-01-01
Curriculum documents for mathematics emphasise the importance of promoting depth of knowledge rather than shallow coverage of the curriculum. In this paper, we report on a study that explored the analysis of junior secondary mathematics textbooks to assess their potential to assist in teaching and learning aimed at building and applying deep…
Mathematical analysis fundamentals
Bashirov, Agamirza
2014-01-01
The author's goal is a rigorous presentation of the fundamentals of analysis, starting from elementary level and moving to the advanced coursework. The curriculum of all mathematics (pure or applied) and physics programs include a compulsory course in mathematical analysis. This book will serve as can serve a main textbook of such (one semester) courses. The book can also serve as additional reading for such courses as real analysis, functional analysis, harmonic analysis etc. For non-math major students requiring math beyond calculus, this is a more friendly approach than many math-centric o
Insights into teaching mathematics
Orton, Anthony
2004-01-01
Providing essential guidance and background information about teaching mathematics, this book is intended particularly for teachers who do not regard themselves as specialists in mathematics. It deals with issues of learning and teaching, including the delivery of content and the place of problems and investigations. Difficulties which pupils encounter in connection with language and symbols form important sections of the overall discussion of how to enhance learning. The curriculum is considered in brief under the headings of number, algebra, shape and space, and data handling, and special at
Nonintentional behavioural responses to psi : hidden targets and hidden observers
Anderson, Mary-Jane Charlotte
2012-01-01
Psi is the phenomenon of apparently responding to or receiving information by means other than the recognised senses. Psi information may influence human behaviour, without the individual intending this or even being aware of it. This thesis seeks to investigate nonintentional behavioural responses to psi. We present five empirical studies that investigated nonintentional behavioural responses to psi information. In each study, the psi information was hidden from participants, ...
Hidden Markov processes theory and applications to biology
Vidyasagar, M
2014-01-01
This book explores important aspects of Markov and hidden Markov processes and the applications of these ideas to various problems in computational biology. The book starts from first principles, so that no previous knowledge of probability is necessary. However, the work is rigorous and mathematical, making it useful to engineers and mathematicians, even those not interested in biological applications. A range of exercises is provided, including drills to familiarize the reader with concepts and more advanced problems that require deep thinking about the theory. Biological applications are t
Neal, Larry L.
This workshop presentation on international curriculums in the field of parks, recreation, leisure, cultural services, and travel/tourism comments that the literature is replete with articles addressing what the field is about, but not about curriculum issues, models, and structure. It reports an international survey of 12 college educators…
Wood, Eve; Maggi, Barbara Hall; Napier, Marion; Troisi, Andrea; Heiser, Pam; Rinehart, Sharon
1998-01-01
Provides six fully developed library media activities that are designed for use with specific curriculum units in reading and language arts, art, mathematics, science, and social studies. Library media skills, objectives, grade levels, instructional roles, evaluation, and follow-up are described for each activity. (LRW)
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
张楠
2014-01-01
统计与概率的基础知识已成为未来公民的必备常识，引起各国数学基础教育的普遍关注。对中美两国最新义务教育数学课程标准“统计与概率”领域进行比较研究得到，两国课标的共性表现在：注重统计观念的早期培养；注重让学生经历统计过程；注重信息技术与课程的整合。差异表现在：课程内容的展开主线不同；课程内容的学段安排不同；课程内容的广度不同；对“测量”的理解不同。%The knowledge of statistics and possibility is generally regarded as the commonsensible knowledge for the citizen in the future, which has been paid close attention to by mathematics educational researchers all over the world. In present research, the author comprised mathematics curriculum standard in the field of statistics and possibility for compulsory education between China and America. Some qualities in common are emphasizing on the early training of statistics idea, emphasizing on experiencing the process of statistics, and emphasizing on integrating information and technology with curriculum. Some dissimilarities are the whole-length main thread of curriculum content, the arrangement of curriculum content, the coverage of curriculum content, and the understanding for measurement.
Mother Tongue Tuition in Sweden - Curriculum Analysis and Classroom Experience
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Anne REATH WARREN
2013-10-01
Full Text Available The model of Mother Tongue Tuition (MTT which has developed in Sweden since the 1970’s offers speakers of languages other than Swedish the opportunity to request tuition in their mother tongue, from kindergarten through to year 12. It is unique among the major immigrant-receiving countries of the world yet little is known about MTT and its syllabus outside of its Nordic context. This article examines the syllabus for MTT from two perspectives; firstly using the framework of Constructive Alignment, secondly from the perspective of what is hidden. The intended syllabus is revealed as well-aligned, but the hidden curriculum impedes successful enactment in many contexts. Examples from case studies in a larger on-going research project offer an alternate approach to syllabus implementation when the negative effects of the hidden curriculum are challenged. While highly context-specific, this model may represent a step in the right direction for implementation of the syllabus.
The Hidden Dimensions of Mathematical Language and Literacy
Street, Brian
2005-01-01
I draw attention to the distinction between reductionist views of "language" and the rich and complex ways in which we might approach language as social practice and suggest the latter view is evident in the set of papers collected here. Socially oriented linguists, including those in New Literacy Studies (NLS), look beyond reductionism, to…
Concatenations of the Hidden Weighted Bit Function and Their Cryptographic Properties
2014-01-01
Advances in Mathematics of Communications doi:10.3934/ amc .2014.8.153 Volume 8, No. 2, 2014, 153–165 CONCATENATIONS OF THE HIDDEN WEIGHTED BIT...to be bent if it achieves this bound. Clearly, bent Advances in Mathematics of Communications Volume 8, No. 2 (2014), 153–165 HWBF concatenations and... Advances in Mathematics of Communications Volume 8, No. 2 (2014), 153–165 156 Qichun Wang, Chik How Tan and Pantelimon Stănică Proof. Let G = {1, 2
Luther, Kenneth H.
2012-01-01
Mathematical modeling of groundwater flow is a topic at the intersection of mathematics and geohydrology and is rarely encountered in undergraduate mathematics. However, this subject is full of interesting and meaningful examples of truly "applied" mathematics accessible to undergraduates, from the pre-calculus to advanced mathematics levels. This…
Luther, Kenneth H.
2012-01-01
Mathematical modeling of groundwater flow is a topic at the intersection of mathematics and geohydrology and is rarely encountered in undergraduate mathematics. However, this subject is full of interesting and meaningful examples of truly "applied" mathematics accessible to undergraduates, from the pre-calculus to advanced mathematics levels. This…
A Note on Discrete Mathematics and Calculus.
O'Reilly, Thomas J.
1987-01-01
Much of the current literature on the topic of discrete mathematics and calculus during the first two years of an undergraduate mathematics curriculum is cited. A relationship between the recursive integration formulas and recursively defined polynomials is described. A Pascal program is included. (Author/RH)
Mathematics Achievement of Vietnamese Grade 5 Pupils
Griffin, Patrick
2007-01-01
This article reports the results of a national survey of mathematics achievement at the end of primary school in Vietnam. A sample of more than 72000 students were assessed from 61 provinces. The items were matched to the Vietnam Mathematics curriculum for Year 5 students. Using a skills audit of the items, a variable of Vietnamese mathematics…
Mathematical Explorations: Freshwater Scarcity: A Proportional Representation
King, Alessandra
2014-01-01
Middle school students' mathematical understanding benefits from connecting mathematics to other content areas in the curriculum. This month's activity explores the issue of the scarcity of freshwater, a natural resource (activity sheets are included). This activity concentrates on the critical areas mentioned in the Common Core State…
Progress, Wealth, and Mathematics Achievement
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Valero, Paola
2013-01-01
logic, are differentiated. The mathematics school curriculum in the 20th century embodied and made available cosmopolitan forms of reason, which build on the belief of science-based human reason having a universal, emancipatory capacity for changing the world and people. The ‘homeless mind’ (Popkewitz...
Perspectives on Sami Mathematics Education
Fyhn, Anne Birgitte; Eira, Ellen J. Sara; Sriraman, Bharath
2011-01-01
The Sami are an indigenous people of the Arctic, and through a resolution of the United Nations, Norway is bound to take care of the Sami culture and language. Since 1987 the Sami have had their own curriculum, but they have no mathematics syllabus. In this paper we summarize the legal acts that take care of the Sami culture within the Norwegian…
Using History in Teaching Mathematics.
Katz, Victor J.
1986-01-01
Some concrete examples of the use of historical materials in developing certain topics from precalculus and calculus are presented. Ideas which can be introduced with a reformulated curriculum are discussed in five areas: algorithms, combinatorics, logarithms, trigonometry, and mathematical models. (MNS)
Governing Equality: Mathematics for All?
Diaz, Jennifer D.
2013-01-01
With the notion of governmentality, this article considers how the equal sign (=) in the U.S. math curriculum organizes knowledge of equality and inscribes cultural rules for thinking, acting, and seeing in the world. Situating the discussion within contemporary math reforms aimed at teaching mathematics for all, I draw attention to how the…
On quantum algorithms for noncommutative hidden subgroups
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ettinger, M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Hoeyer, P. [Odense Univ. (Denmark)
1998-12-01
Quantum algorithms for factoring and discrete logarithm have previously been generalized to finding hidden subgroups of finite Abelian groups. This paper explores the possibility of extending this general viewpoint to finding hidden subgroups of noncommutative groups. The authors present a quantum algorithm for the special case of dihedral groups which determines the hidden subgroup in a linear number of calls to the input function. They also explore the difficulties of developing an algorithm to process the data to explicitly calculate a generating set for the subgroup. A general framework for the noncommutative hidden subgroup problem is discussed and they indicate future research directions.
Evidence Feed Forward Hidden Markov Model: A New Type Of Hidden Markov Model
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Michael Del Rose
2011-01-01
Full Text Available The ability to predict the intentions of people based solely on their visual actions is a skill only performed by humans and animals. The intelligence of current computer algorithms has not reached this level of complexity, but there are several research efforts that are working towards it. With the number of classification algorithms available, it is hard to determine which algorithm works best for a particular situation. In classification of visual human intent data, Hidden Markov Models (HMM, and their variants, are leading candidates. The inability of HMMs to provide a probability in the observation to observation linkages is a big downfall in this classification technique. If a person is visually identifying an action of another person, they monitor patterns in the observations. By estimating the next observation, people have the ability to summarize the actions, and thus determine, with pretty good accuracy, the intention of the person performing the action. These visual cues and linkages are important in creating intelligent algorithms for determining human actions based on visual observations. The Evidence Feed Forward Hidden Markov Model is a newly developed algorithm which provides observation to observation linkages. The following research addresses the theory behind Evidence Feed Forward HMMs, provides mathematical proofs of their learning of these parameters to optimize the likelihood of observations with a Evidence Feed Forwards HMM, which is important in all computational intelligence algorithm, and gives comparative examples with standard HMMs in classification of both visual action data and measurement data; thus providing a strong base for Evidence Feed Forward HMMs in classification of many types of problems.
Applied Mathematics for agronomical engineers in Spain at UPM
Anton, J. M.; Grau, J. B.; Tarquis, A. M.; Fabregat, J.; Sanchez, M. E.
2009-04-01
Mathematics, created or discovered, are a global human conceptual endowment, containing large systems of knowledge, and varied skills to use definite parts of them, in creation or discovery, or for applications, e.g. in Physics, or notably in engineering behaviour. When getting upper intellectual levels in the 19th century, the agronomical science and praxis was noticeably or mainly organised in Spain in agronomical engineering schools and also in institutes, together with technician schools, also with different lower lever centres, and they have evolved with progress and they are much changing at present to a EEES schema (Bolonia process). They work in different lines that need some basis or skills from mathematics. The vocation to start such careers, that have varied curriculums, contains only some mathematics, and the number of credits for mathematics is restrained because time is necessary for other initial sciences such as applied chemistry, biology, ecology and soil sciences, but some basis and skill of maths are needed, also with Physics, at least for electricity, machines, construction, economics at initial ground levels, and also for Statistics that are here considered part of Applied Mathematics. The ways of teaching mathematical basis and skills are especial, and are different from the practical ways needed e. g. for Soil Sciences, and they involve especial efforts from students, and especial controls or exams that guide much learning. The mathematics have a very large accepted content that uses mostly a standard logic, and that is remarkably stable and international, rather similar notation and expressions being used with different main languages. For engineering the logical basis is really often not taught, but the use of it is transferred, especially for calculus that requires both adapted somehow simplified schemas and the learning of a specific skill to use it, and also for linear algebra. The basic forms of differential calculus in several
Lexicography and Mathematics Learning: A Case Study of "Variable."
Frawley, William
1992-01-01
Lexicography is shown to offer some useful new tools to researchers in mathematics education. The paper examines the relationship between the sublanguage of mathematics and the acquisition of mathematical knowledge, and also the use of definitions in research and curriculum design. An Explanatory Combinatorial Dictionary is advocated for improving…
Elementary Mathematics: Priorities for the 1980s. Fastback 157.
Fennell, Francis M.
This document examines the past, present, and future of elementary school mathematics. The impact of the modern mathematics movement in the curriculum is assessed and the factors behind the back-to-basics movement are analyzed. The text presents factors considered to be the real basics in mathematics of the eighties based on the recommendations of…
Mathematics Induction in School; An Illusion of Rigor.
Lowenthal, Francis; Eisenberg, Theodore
1992-01-01
Discusses the mathematical, philosophical, and pedagogical problems in the theorem of mathematical induction. Argues that mathematical induction is a meta-theorem, that is a theorem within a theorem, whose pitfalls and illusions of rigor should be discussed before implementation into the school curriculum. (MDH)
Core-Plus Mathematics. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report
What Works Clearinghouse, 2010
2010-01-01
"Core-Plus Mathematics" is a four-year curriculum that replaces the traditional sequence with courses that each feature interwoven strands of algebra and functions, statistics and probability, geometry and trigonometry, and discrete mathematics. The first three courses in the series provide a common core of broadly useful mathematics,…
Structuring an Undergraduate Mathematics Seminar Dealing with Options and Hedging
Prevot, K. J.
2006-01-01
Offering mathematics majors the opportunity to engage in current, real-world applications can be an important enhancement to their undergraduate course curriculum. Instead of focusing on the traditional topic areas in pure and/or applied mathematics, one may structure a seminar course for senior mathematics majors by concentrating on a specific…
Galleons, Magic Potions, and Quidditch: The Mathematics of Harry Potter
Barta, Jim; L'Ai, Linda
2004-01-01
Literacy curriculum connections through books give advantage to teachers to use adventure to enhance mathematical learning among children. The way the children enhanced their mathematical competence by developing exciting mathematical activities and applications by using Harry Potter book episodes is discussed.
Galleons, Magic Potions, and Quidditch: The Mathematics of Harry Potter
Barta, Jim; L'Ai, Linda
2004-01-01
Literacy curriculum connections through books give advantage to teachers to use adventure to enhance mathematical learning among children. The way the children enhanced their mathematical competence by developing exciting mathematical activities and applications by using Harry Potter book episodes is discussed.
Mathematical Footprints Discovering Mathematics Everywhere
Pappas, Theoni
1999-01-01
MATHEMATICAL FOOTPRINTS takes a creative look at the role mathematics has played since prehistoric times, and will play in the future, and uncovers mathematics where you least expect to find it from its many uses in medicine, the sciences, and its appearance in art to its patterns in nature and its central role in the development of computers. Pappas presents mathematical ideas in a readable non-threatening manner. MATHEMATICAL FOOTPRINTS is another gem by the creator of THE MATHEMATICS CALENDAR and author of THE JOY OF MATHEMATICS. "Pappas's books have been gold mines of mathematical ent
[Mathematics - astronomy - astrology special library].
Gluch, Sibylle
2011-01-01
About 1560 Elector August of Saxony created an unusual library--one distinguished within its period by both its specialization and location. Situated within the Kunstkammer this library was mostly dedicated to the mathematical sciences and related disciplines. It contained works by the most important authors on mathematics, astronomy, and astrology from the classical, medieval, and early modern periods. This essay traces the formation and composition of August's library, and examines its function: What kind of relationship existed between the library and the Kunstkammer? In what way did the library mirror the interests of the Elector, and to what extend does it permit inferences regarding the Elector's knowledge of mathematics? From the analysis August emerges not as a specialist with a deep understanding of mathematics, but as a particular aficionado of mathematical applications. As a practitioner and general follower of the mathematical arts he took part in a far-reaching intellectual network the center of which lay in the University of Wittenberg. Here, Melanchthon had effectively strengthened the importance of the mathematical disciplines within the university curriculum. He regarded mathematics as the foremost science, arguing that before all other disciplines its method enabled man to recognize the harmonic order of the world, and to discern divine providence. Thus, mathematics offered consoling stability and support in an often seemingly chaotic world torn by religious controversies. This kind of esteem for the mathematical sciences did not presuppose expert knowledge. Hence, the fact that August does not appear to have read the mathematical books he collected does not come as a contradiction. On the contrary, for August it sufficed to recognize the potential of the mathematical sciences, which he brought into life through the creation of a specialized library that developed a rhetoric of its own. The collection of his Kunstkammer library spoke of a
Why Teach mathematics to Adults?
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Johansen, Lene Østergaard
2008-01-01
teachers. I distinguish analytically between three different discourses. The Political Discourse, The Curriculum Planner Discourse and The Mathematics Teachers Discourse. The discourses are analysed separately and I distinguish between explicit reasons and implicit reasons. In the thesis I construct...... a construction of need for education or implicit reasons in the Mathematics Teachers Discourse. Even that there are common explicit reasons for providing adults with mathematics education my analysis has shown that there are conflicting implicit reasons, and that these are based on different understandings...... of specific humans, mathematics and mathematics teaching. I propose that instead of building the framework for the analysis of the implicit reasons on the idea of a construction of a need for education, we could build the framework of the analysis on the idea of construction an ideal for human development...
Kajander, Ann
2010-01-01
Teachers' understanding of the elementary school mathematics curriculum forms part, but not all, of the newly emerged field of mathematics for teaching, a term that describes the specialised mathematics knowledge of teachers. Pre-service teachers from a one-year teacher preparation program were studied in each of three years, using a…
Hidden Variable Theories and Quantum Nonlocality
Boozer, A. D.
2009-01-01
We clarify the meaning of Bell's theorem and its implications for the construction of hidden variable theories by considering an example system consisting of two entangled spin-1/2 particles. Using this example, we present a simplified version of Bell's theorem and describe several hidden variable theories that agree with the predictions of…
Estimating an Activity Driven Hidden Markov Model
Meyer, David A.; Shakeel, Asif
2015-01-01
We define a Hidden Markov Model (HMM) in which each hidden state has time-dependent $\\textit{activity levels}$ that drive transitions and emissions, and show how to estimate its parameters. Our construction is motivated by the problem of inferring human mobility on sub-daily time scales from, for example, mobile phone records.
Insight: Exploring Hidden Roles in Collaborative Play
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tricia Shi
2015-06-01
Full Text Available This paper looks into interaction modes between players in co-located, collaborative games. In particular, hidden traitor games, in which one or more players is secretly working against the group mission, has the effect of increasing paranoia and distrust between players, so this paper looks into the opposite of a hidden traitor – a hidden benefactor. Rather than sabotaging the group mission, the hidden benefactor would help the group achieve the end goal while still having a reason to stay hidden. The paper explores what games with such a role can look like and how the role changes player interactions. Finally, the paper addresses the divide between video game and board game interaction modes; hidden roles are not common within video games, but they are of growing prevalence in board games. This fact, combined with the exploration of hidden benefactors, reveals that hidden roles is a mechanic that video games should develop into in order to match board games’ complexity of player interaction modes.
Helioscope bounds on hidden sector photons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Redondo, J.
2007-12-15
The flux of hypothetical ''hidden photons'' from the Sun is computed under the assumption that they interact with normal matter only through kinetic mixing with the ordinary standard model photon. Requiring that the exotic luminosity is smaller than the standard photon luminosity provides limits for the mixing parameter down to {chi}
Heating up the Galaxy with hidden photons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dubovsky, Sergei [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University,New York, NY, 10003 (United States); Hernández-Chifflet, Guzmán [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, Department of Physics, New York University,New York, NY, 10003 (United States); Instituto de Física, Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad de la República,Montevideo, 11300 (Uruguay)
2015-12-29
We elaborate on the dynamics of ionized interstellar medium in the presence of hidden photon dark matter. Our main focus is the ultra-light regime, where the hidden photon mass is smaller than the plasma frequency in the Milky Way. We point out that as a result of the Galactic plasma shielding direct detection of ultra-light photons in this mass range is especially challenging. However, we demonstrate that ultra-light hidden photon dark matter provides a powerful heating source for the ionized interstellar medium. This results in a strong bound on the kinetic mixing between hidden and regular photons all the way down to the hidden photon masses of order 10{sup −20} eV.
Helioscope bounds on hidden sector photons
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Redondo, J.
2007-12-15
The flux of hypothetical ''hidden photons'' from the Sun is computed under the assumption that they interact with normal matter only through kinetic mixing with the ordinary standard model photon. Requiring that the exotic luminosity is smaller than the standard photon luminosity provides limits for the mixing parameter down to {chi}
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
陈珂; 陈小英; 徐科
2007-01-01
如今Web上越来越多的信息可以通过查询接口获得,但为了获取某Hidden Web站点的页面,用户不得不键入一系列的关键词.由于没有直接指向Hidden Web页面的静态链接,当前大多搜索引擎不能发现和索引这些页面.然而,研究表明,由Hidden Web站点提供的高质量的信息对许多用户来说非常有价值.文章通过研究针对特定类型的表单,建立一个有效的Hidden Web爬虫,以便获取Hidden Web后台数据库信息.
Mathematization in introductory physics
Brahmia, Suzanne M.
Mathematization is central to STEM disciplines as a cornerstone of the quantitative reasoning that characterizes these fields. Introductory physics is required for most STEM majors in part so that students develop expert-like mathematization. This dissertation describes coordinated research and curriculum development for strengthening mathematization in introductory physics; it blends scholarship in physics and mathematics education in the form of three papers. The first paper explores mathematization in the context of physics, and makes an original contribution to the measurement of physics students' struggle to mathematize. Instructors naturally assume students have a conceptual mastery of algebra before embarking on a college physics course because these students are enrolled in math courses beyond algebra. This paper provides evidence that refutes the validity of this assumption and categorizes some of the barriers students commonly encounter with quantification and representing ideas symbolically. The second paper develops a model of instruction that can help students progress from their starting points to their instructor's desired endpoints. Instructors recognize that the introductory physics course introduces new ideas at an astonishing rate. More than most physicists realize, however, the way that mathematics is used in the course is foreign to a large portion of class. This paper puts forth an instructional model that can move all students toward better quantitative and physical reasoning, despite the substantial variability of those students' initial states. The third paper describes the design and testing of curricular materials that foster mathematical creativity to prepare students to better understand physics reasoning. Few students enter introductory physics with experience generating equations in response to specific challenges involving unfamiliar quantities and units, yet this generative use of mathematics is typical of the thinking involved in
Third international handbook of mathematics education
Bishop, Alan; Keitel, Christine; Kilpatrick, Jeremy; Leung, Frederick
2013-01-01
This entirely new Third International Handbook of Mathematics Education comprises 31 chapters which have been written by a total of 84 different authors representing 26 nations, each a recognized expert in the field. Comprised of four sections: Social, Political and Cultural Dimensions in Mathematics Education; Mathematics Education as a Field of Study; Technology in the Mathematics Curriculum; and International Perspectives on Mathematics Education, this Third Handbook offers essential reading for all persons interested in the future of mathematics education. The authors present challenging international perspectives on the history of mathematics education, current issues, and future directions. What makes this Handbook unique is its structure. Each section covers past, present and future aspects of mathematics education. The first chapter in each section identifies and analyzes historical antecedents The “middle” chapters draw attention to present-day key issues and themes The final chapter in ...
Integrating professionalism into the curriculum.
O'Sullivan, Helen; van Mook, Walther; Fewtrell, Ray; Wass, Val
2012-01-01
Professional values and behaviours are intrinsic to all medical practice yet remain one of the most difficult subjects to integrate explicitly into a curriculum. Professionalism in the twenty-first century raises challenges not only for the adaptation of the medical training programme to changing societal values but also for ensuring that trainees gain the skills for self-directed continuous development and future revalidation. This article is an introduction to the AMEE Guide in Medical Education No 61: Integrating Professionalism into the Curriculum ( www.amee.org ), which is based on the extensive contemporary available literature. An evidence-based approach has been taken throughout the Guide as it focuses on instilling professionalism positively into both undergraduate and postgraduate training. It takes a structured, stepwise approach and sequentially addresses: (i) agreeing an institutional definition, (ii) structuring the curriculum to integrate learning across all years, (iii) suggesting learning models, (iv) harnessing the impact of the formal, informal and hidden curricula and (v) assessing the learning of the trainee. A few well-evaluated case studies for both teaching and assessment have been selected to illustrate the recommendations.
Evaluation of a mathematics curriculum: Differential effects
Terwel, J.; Van den Eeden, P.
1994-01-01
Resh explain the sensitivity of the medium-aptitude group by the ‘threshold hypothesis’. In order to be able to benefit from a ‘richer’ learning environment, a student needs a minimum level of personal resources. Below this threshold, enrichment of the learning environment (in our case by means of a
D'Ambrosio, Beatriz Silva
1991-01-01
This paper reports on the conclusions drawn from an investigation of the modern mathematics reform movement in Brazil. The main focus is the dissemination of reform ideology to the Brazilian mathematics education community and the outcomes resulting from misinterpretations of the intended curriculum during the implementation process. (Author/JJK)
2012 National Survey of Science and Mathematics Education: Status of Middle School Mathematics
Fulkerson, William O.
2013-01-01
The 2012 National Survey of Science and Mathematics Education was designed to provide up-to-date information and to identify trends in the areas of teacher background and experience, curriculum and instruction, and the availability and use of instructional resources. A total of 7,752 science and mathematics teachers in schools across the United…
2012 National Survey of Science and Mathematics Education: Status of Elementary School Mathematics
Malzahn, Kristen A.
2013-01-01
The 2012 National Survey of Science and Mathematics Education was designed to provide up-to-date information and to identify trends in the areas of teacher background and experience, curriculum and instruction, and the availability and use of instructional resources. A total of 7,752 science and mathematics teachers in schools across the United…
2012 National Survey of Science and Mathematics Education: Status of High School Mathematics
Smith, Adrienne A.
2013-01-01
The 2012 National Survey of Science and Mathematics Education was designed to provide up-to-date information and to identify trends in the areas of teacher background and experience, curriculum and instruction, and the availability and use of instructional resources. A total of 7,752 science and mathematics teachers in schools across the United…
Basitere, Moses; Ivala, Eunice
2015-01-01
This paper reports on a study carried out at a University of Technology, South Africa, aimed at identifying the existence of the mathematical knowledge gap and evaluating the intervention designed to bridge the knowledge gap amongst students studying first year mathematics at the Chemical Engineering Extended Curriculum Program (ECP). In this…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
梁宇; 邹循东
2012-01-01
＂小学数学教学论＂是本、专科小学教育专业的核心课程,基础教育数学课程改革对小学数学教师素质提出了新的要求,现行的＂小学数学教学论＂教学已明显滞后,本课程的课程教学改革应该在教学内容、教学方法、教学实践、考试评价等方面进行探索。%＂Primary school mathematics teaching methodology＂ is the core course in the primary school education specialized for undergraduates and specialists. The mathematics curriculum reform of elementary education in primary school puts forward new requirements to the quality of mathematics teachers at ele- mentary schools. The current primary school mathematics teaching methodology has been tremendously lag- ging behind. Teaching reform in the course of teaching should involve teaching contents, methods, prac- tice, examination assessment and evaluation and so on.
Auditing the Numeracy Demands of the Middle Years Curriculum
Goos, Merrilyn; Geiger, Vince; Dole, Shelley
2010-01-01
The "National Numeracy Review" recognised that numeracy development requires an across the curriculum commitment. To explore the nature of this commitment we conducted a numeracy audit of the South Australian Middle Years curriculum, using a numeracy model that incorporates mathematical knowledge, dispositions, tools, contexts, and a…
New Math Curriculum Formula for Success: Grades K-4
Curriculum Review, 2007
2007-01-01
This article describes Everyday Mathematics, a new math education curriculum targeted to kindergarten, first grade, and second grade students in Holland. It will be introduced to third and fourth grades in 2008. The curriculum helps prepare pupils for standardized tests; allows for students to work at their own rate; involves parents in helping…
Surviving the Implementation of a New Science Curriculum
Lowe, Beverly; Appleton, Ken
2015-01-01
Queensland schools are currently teaching with the first National Curriculum for Australia. This new curriculum was one of a number of political responses to address the recurring low scores in literacy, mathematics, and science that continue to hold Australia in poor international rankings. Teachers have spent 2 years getting to know the new…
The New Curriculum Reform: What Does it Really Mean?
Henchey, Norman
1999-01-01
Explores the current educational reform in Quebec outlining the major aspects of the curriculum reform. Describes the structure of the curriculum, including programs of study and general principles. Discusses the implications of the proposals. Questions of emphasis include language and mathematics, technology, cultural pluralism, and English…
Analysis of Curriculum Standards: An Important Research Area
Tran, Dung; Reys, Barbara J.; Teuscher, Dawn; Dingman, Shannon; Kasmer, Lisa
2016-01-01
This commentary highlights the contribution that careful and systematic analyses of curriculum or content standards can make to questions and issues important in the mathematics education field. We note the increased role that curriculum standards have played as part of a standards-based education reform strategy. We also review different methods…
Surviving the Implementation of a New Science Curriculum
Lowe, Beverly; Appleton, Ken
2015-01-01
Queensland schools are currently teaching with the first National Curriculum for Australia. This new curriculum was one of a number of political responses to address the recurring low scores in literacy, mathematics, and science that continue to hold Australia in poor international rankings. Teachers have spent 2 years getting to know the new…
New Avenues for History in Mathematics Education: Mathematical Competencies and Anchoring
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Jankvist, U. T.; Kjeldsen, T. H.
2011-01-01
The paper addresses the apparent lack of impact of ‘history in mathematics education’ in mathematics education research in general, and proposes new avenues for research. We identify two general scenarios of integrating history in mathematics education that each gives rise to different problems....... The first scenario occurs when history is used as a ‘tool’ for the learning and teaching of mathematics, the second when history of mathematics as a ‘goal’ is pursued as an integral part of mathematics education. We introduce a multiple-perspective approach to history, and suggest that research on history...... in mathematics education follows one of two different avenues in dealing with these scenarios. The first is to focus on students’ development of mathematical competencies when history is used a tool for the learning of curriculum-dictated mathematical in-issues. A framework for this is described. Secondly, when...
Impact of Curriculum Reform: Evidence of Change in Classroom Practice in the United States
Moyer, John C.; Cai, Jinfa; Wang, Ning; Nie, Bikai
2011-01-01
The purpose of the study reported in this article is to examine the impact of curriculum on instruction. Over a three-year period, we observed 579 algebra-related lessons in grades 6-8. Approximately half the lessons were taught in schools that had adopted a "Standards"-based mathematics curriculum called the Connected Mathematics Program (CMP),…
Hidden scale invariance of metals
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hummel, Felix; Kresse, Georg; Dyre, Jeppe C.
2015-01-01
available. Hidden scale invariance is demonstrated in detail for magnesium by showing invariance of structure and dynamics. Computed melting curves of period three metals follow curves with invariance (isomorphs). The experimental structure factor of magnesium is predicted by assuming scale invariant...... of metals making the condensed part of the thermodynamic phase diagram effectively one dimensional with respect to structure and dynamics. DFT computed density scaling exponents, related to the Grüneisen parameter, are in good agreement with experimental values for the 16 elements where reliable data were......Density functional theory (DFT) calculations of 58 liquid elements at their triple point show that most metals exhibit near proportionality between the thermal fluctuations of the virial and the potential energy in the isochoric ensemble. This demonstrates a general “hidden” scale invariance...
Hidden scale in quantum mechanics
Giri, Pulak Ranjan
2007-01-01
We show that the intriguing localization of a free particle wave-packet is possible due to a hidden scale present in the system. Self-adjoint extensions (SAE) is responsible for introducing this scale in quantum mechanical models through the nontrivial boundary conditions. We discuss a couple of classically scale invariant free particle systems to illustrate the issue. In this context it has been shown that a free quantum particle moving on a full line may have localized wave-packet around the origin. As a generalization, it has also been shown that particles moving on a portion of a plane or on a portion of a three dimensional space can have unusual localized wave-packet.
Making the Hidden Curriculum the Formal Curriculum: Vocational Training in South Africa.
Kraak, Andre
1991-01-01
Critical analysis of the ideological character of vocational training initiatives implemented in South Africa, 1976-89, and comparison to "new vocationalism" in Great Britain suggest that South African training programs aim to instill capitalist values and stabilize labor relations while doing little to improve Black participation in the…
Andreescu, Titu; Tetiva, Marian
2017-01-01
Building bridges between classical results and contemporary nonstandard problems, Mathematical Bridges embraces important topics in analysis and algebra from a problem-solving perspective. Blending old and new techniques, tactics and strategies used in solving challenging mathematical problems, readers will discover numerous genuine mathematical gems throughout that will heighten their appreciation of the inherent beauty of mathematics. Most of the problems are original to the authors and are intertwined in a well-motivated exposition driven by representative examples. The book is structured to assist the reader in formulating and proving conjectures, as well as devising solutions to important mathematical problems by making connections between various concepts and ideas from different areas of mathematics. Instructors and educators teaching problem-solving courses or organizing mathematics clubs, as well as motivated mathematics students from high school juniors to college seniors, will find Mathematical Bri...
Shared Canadian Curriculum in Family Medicine (SHARC-FM)
Keegan, David A.; Scott, Ian; Sylvester, Michael; Tan, Amy; Horrey, Kathleen; Weston, W. Wayne
2017-01-01
Abstract Problem addressed In 2006, leaders of undergraduate family medicine education programs faced a series of increasing curriculum mandates in the context of limited time and financial resources. Additionally, it became apparent that a hidden curriculum against family medicine as a career choice was active in medical schools. Objective of program The Shared Canadian Curriculum in Family Medicine was developed by the Canadian Undergraduate Family Medicine Education Directors and supported by the College of Family Physicians of Canada as a national collaborative project to support medical student training in family medicine clerkship. Its key objective is to enable education leaders to meet their educational mandates, while at the same time countering the hidden curriculum and providing a route to scholarship. Program description The Shared Canadian Curriculum in Family Medicine is an open-access, shared, national curriculum (www.sharcfm.ca). It contains 23 core clinical topics (determined through a modified Delphi process) with demonstrable objectives for each. It also includes low- and medium-fidelity virtual patient cases, point-of-care learning resources (clinical cards), and assessment tools, all aligned with the core topics. French translation of the resources is ongoing. Conclusion The core topics, objectives, and educational resources have been adopted by medical schools across Canada, according to their needs. The lessons learned from mounting this multi-institutional collaborative project will help others develop their own collaborative curricula. PMID:28404720
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
吕世虎; 江懿; 李强
2011-01-01
According to the result of questionnaires,teachers have adapted to the new textbooks and familiarized themselves with the new ideas proposed by new curriculum with the implement of it.However,there remains to be some problems： teachers couldn＇t understand the new mathematics curriculum well enough;the new mathematics textbooks tend to be far away from students＇ lives from countryside,and the exercises are not enough;the lack of teaching equipment and qualified mathematics teachers hinders the performance of new curriculum;the theory of ＂only-focus-on-scores＂ tend to be popular again.Considering those problems mentioned,several suggestions are put forward： Improve the present condition of training on new curriculum,and pay attention to teaching and research activities;Focus on the differences between urban and rural areas when adapting textbooks,and also increase the amount of exercises in the textbook;Improve the teaching facilities and quality of country teachers;Make out a specific and practical assessment plan.%对义务教育阶段数学新课程的实施进行调查,发现：教师基本适应了新教材,对新课程提倡的理念把握更加准确.但仍存在一些问题：教师对数学新课程的理解不够深入细致;数学新教材存在脱离农村学生生活的倾向且习题内容偏少;教学设施缺乏、数学师资力量不够影响新课程实施;＂唯分数论＂的评价方式有回升反弹的趋势.针对这些问题,建议：（1）加大新课程培训力度,关注教研活动的开展;（2）教材编写与选用应注意农村与城市的差异,适当增加教材中习题的数量;（3）改善教学设施,充实农村师资力量;（4）研制具体可行的评价方案.
Alaska State Dept. of Education, Juneau. Div. of Adult and Vocational Education.
This competency-based curriculum guide is a handbook for the development of welding trade programs. Based on a survey of Alaskan welding employers, it includes all competencies a student should acquire in such a welding program. The handbook stresses the importance of understanding the principles associated with the various elements of welding.…
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
Xu Xiaoying
2011-01-01
The English as a Second Language （ESL） Curriculum for grades K - 12 is a scope that builds and develops linguistic proficiency for students between the ages of six and 21 years. The ESL professionals defines ESL students as those students who are non - native English speakers and who may or may not have English proficiency.
Statistical Mechanics of Transcription-Factor Binding Site Discovery Using Hidden Markov Models
Mehta, Pankaj; Schwab, David J.; Sengupta, Anirvan M.
2011-01-01
Hidden Markov Models (HMMs) are a commonly used tool for inference of transcription factor (TF) binding sites from DNA sequence data. We exploit the mathematical equivalence between HMMs for TF binding and the "inverse" statistical mechanics of hard rods in a one-dimensional disordered potential to investigate learning in HMMs. We derive analytic expressions for the Fisher information, a commonly employed measure of confidence in learned parameters, in the biologically relevant limit where th...
Pursuing excellence in mathematics education essays in honor of Jeremy Kilpatrick
Silver, Edward
2014-01-01
Chapters in this book recognize the more than forty years of sustained and distinguished lifetime achievement in mathematics education research and development of Jeremy Kilpatrick. Including contributions from a variety of skilled mathematics educators, this text honors Jeremy Kilpatrick, reflecting on his groundbreaking papers, book chapters, and books - many of which are now standard references in the literature - on mathematical problem solving, the history of mathematics education, mathematical ability and proficiency, curriculum change and its history, global perspectives on mathematics education, and mathematics assessment. Many chapters also offer substantial contributions of their own on important themes, including mathematical problem solving, mathematics curriculum, the role of theory in mathematics education, the democratization of mathematics, and international perspectives on the professional field of mathematics education..
Taxonomy matters: Cognitive levels and types of mathematical activities in mathematics examinations
Margot Berger; Lynn Bowie; Lovemore J. Nyaumwe
2010-01-01
We argue that there are intrinsic difficulties in using the Subject Assessment Guidelines for Mathematics (SAGM) for evaluating the standard of a South African matriculation mathematics examination and for determining how it aligns with the curriculum. Our argument has two prongs. First, the SAGM taxonomy conflates cognitive level with type of mathematical activity; we contend that such a conflation leads to problems in assessing the complexity of the examination item. Second, the SAGM taxono...
Bolton, W
2012-01-01
Mathematics for Engineering has been carefully designed to provide a maths course for a wide ability range, and does not go beyond the requirements of Advanced GNVQ. It is an ideal text for any pre-degree engineering course where students require revision of the basics and plenty of practice work. Bill Bolton introduces the key concepts through examples set firmly in engineering contexts, which students will find relevant and motivating. The second edition has been carefully matched to the Curriculum 2000 Advanced GNVQ units:
Hidden torsion, 3-manifolds, and homology cobordism
Cha, Jae Choon
2011-01-01
This paper continues our exploration of homology cobordism of 3-manifolds using our recent results on Cheeger-Gromov rho-invariants associated to amenable representations. We introduce a new type of torsion in 3-manifold groups we call hidden torsion, and an algebraic approximation we call local hidden torsion. We construct infinitely many hyperbolic 3-manifolds which have local hidden torsion in the transfinite lower central subgroup. By realizing Cheeger-Gromov invariants over amenable groups, we show that our hyperbolic 3-manifolds are not pairwise homology cobordant, yet remain indistinguishable by any prior known homology cobordism invariants.
A survey of hidden-variables theories
Belinfante, F J
1973-01-01
A Survey of Hidden-Variables Theories is a three-part book on the hidden-variable theories, referred in this book as """"theories of the first kind"""". Part I reviews the motives in developing different types of hidden-variables theories. The quest for determinism led to theories of the first kind; the quest for theories that look like causal theories when applied to spatially separated systems that interacted in the past led to theories of the second kind. Parts II and III further describe the theories of the first kind and second kind, respectively. This book is written to make the literat
Visible Effects of Invisible Hidden Valley Radiation
Carloni, Lisa
2010-01-01
Assuming there is a new gauge group in a Hidden Valley, and a new type of radiation, can we observe it through its effect on the kinematic distributions of recoiling visible particles? Specifically, what are the collider signatures of radiation in a hidden sector? We address these questions using a generic SU(N)-like Hidden Valley model that we implement in Pythia. We find that in both the e+e- and the LHC cases the kinematic distributions of the visible particles can be significantly affected by the valley radiation. Without a proper understanding of such effects, inferred masses of "communicators" and of invisible particles can be substantially off.
The Academic Merits of Modelling in Higher Mathematics Education: A Case Study
Perrenet, Jacob; Adan, Ivo
2010-01-01
Modelling is an important subject in the Bachelor curriculum of Applied Mathematics at Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands. Students not only learn how to apply their knowledge to solve mathematical problems posed in non-mathematical language, but also they learn to look actively for, or even construct, mathematical knowledge…
African Journals Online (AJOL)
Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT ... In the transmission culture of teaching and learning, mathematics is seen as a body of knowledge and ... Keyword: algebraic thinking, discussion in mathematics classroom, teaching approaches ...
School Library Media Activities Monthly, 1996
1996-01-01
Provides seven library media activities that are designed for use with specific curriculum units in art, health, reading and language arts, science, and social studies. Library media skills, objectives, grade levels, instructional roles, procedures, evaluations, and follow-up are described for each activity. (LRW)
Hidden systematics of fission channels
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Schmidt Karl-Heinz
2013-12-01
of the fissioning system obey a hidden systematics that can be explained by the number of states in the vicinity of the outer fission barrier as a function of mass asymmetry, if the potential is constructed as the sum of the macroscopic contribution of the compound nucleus and empirically determined fragment shells. This hidden systematics also explains the transition from asymmetric to symmetric fission around 226Th and around 258Fm.
Kilpatrick, Jeremy
2014-01-01
This paper addresses the contested way that ethnomathematics has sometimes been received by mathematicians and others and what that disagreement might suggest about issues in mathematics education; namely, (a) the relation of ethnomathematics to academic mathematics; (b) recent efforts to reform secondary school mathematics so that it prepares…
Kilpatrick, Jeremy
2014-01-01
This paper addresses the contested way that ethnomathematics has sometimes been received by mathematicians and others and what that disagreement might suggest about issues in mathematics education; namely, (a) the relation of ethnomathematics to academic mathematics; (b) recent efforts to reform secondary school mathematics so that it prepares…
Educational assessment of mathematics skills and abilities.
Bryant, B R; Rivera, D P
1997-01-01
Mathematics assessments play a valuable role in identifying students' strengths and weaknesses and in developing and monitoring instructional practice. Over the last century, mathematics assessment has been refined as math content has changed as a result of curriculum reform. Today, researchers and practitioners use various assessment techniques to (a) identify students who have mathematics learning disabilities (LD), (b) target individual strengths and weaknesses across mathematics areas, (c) document the effects of mathematics instruction in a remedial or special program, (d) identify strategies that students employ during math activities, (e) conduct research about the characteristics of students with math LD, and (f) examine the technical characteristics of mathematics tests. This article provides an historical overview of the development of mathematics assessment and a description of specific strategies for conducting math evaluations.
Coding with partially hidden Markov models
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Forchhammer, Søren; Rissanen, J.
1995-01-01
Partially hidden Markov models (PHMM) are introduced. They are a variation of the hidden Markov models (HMM) combining the power of explicit conditioning on past observations and the power of using hidden states. (P)HMM may be combined with arithmetic coding for lossless data compression. A general...... 2-part coding scheme for given model order but unknown parameters based on PHMM is presented. A forward-backward reestimation of parameters with a redefined backward variable is given for these models and used for estimating the unknown parameters. Proof of convergence of this reestimation is given....... The PHMM structure and the conditions of the convergence proof allows for application of the PHMM to image coding. Relations between the PHMM and hidden Markov models (HMM) are treated. Results of coding bi-level images with the PHMM coding scheme is given. The results indicate that the PHMM can adapt...
UV Photography Shows Hidden Sun Damage
... mcat1=de12", ]; for (var c = 0; c UV photography shows hidden sun damage A UV photograph gives ... developing skin cancer and prematurely aged skin. Normal photography UV photography 18 months of age: This boy's ...
Faddeev-Jackiw approach to hidden symmetries
Wotzasek, C
1994-01-01
The study of hidden symmetries within Dirac's formalism does not possess a systematic procedure due to the lack of first-class constraints to act as symmetry generators. On the other hand, in the Faddeev-Jackiw approach, gauge and reparametrization symmetries are generated by the null eigenvectors of the sympletic matrix and not by constraints, suggesting the possibility of dealing systematically with hidden symmetries through this formalism. It is shown in this paper that indeed hidden symmetries of noninvariant or gauge fixed systems are equally well described by null eigenvectors of the sympletic matrix, just as the explicit invariances. The Faddeev-Jackiw approach therefore provide a systematic algorithm for treating all sorts of symmetries in an unified way. This technique is illustrated here by the SL(2,R) Kac-Moody current algebra of the 2-D induced gravity proposed by Polyakov, which is a hidden symmetry in the canonical approach of constrained systems via Dirac's method, after conformal and reparamet...
Fibroid Tumors in Women: A Hidden Epidemic?
... Issue Past Issues Fibroid Tumors in Women: A Hidden Epidemic? Past Issues / Spring 2007 Table of Contents ... fibroids@rics.bwh.harvard.edu , or visit our Web site: www.fibroids.net . You may also write ...
Hidden Regular Variation: Detection and Estimation
Mitra, Abhimanyu
2010-01-01
Hidden regular variation defines a subfamily of distributions satisfying multivariate regular variation on $\\mathbb{E} = [0, \\infty]^d \\backslash \\{(0,0, ..., 0) \\} $ and models another regular variation on the sub-cone $\\mathbb{E}^{(2)} = \\mathbb{E} \\backslash \\cup_{i=1}^d \\mathbb{L}_i$, where $\\mathbb{L}_i$ is the $i$-th axis. We extend the concept of hidden regular variation to sub-cones of $\\mathbb{E}^{(2)}$ as well. We suggest a procedure of detecting the presence of hidden regular variation, and if it exists, propose a method of estimating the limit measure exploiting its semi-parametric structure. We exhibit examples where hidden regular variation yields better estimates of probabilities of risk sets.
SMSG: The Making of a Curriculum.
Wooton, William
This book provides a description of the origin and activities of the School Mathematics Study Group over the first four years of its existence. While SMSG was not necessarily representative of all curriculum study groups, many of the experiences of SMSG were similar to those of other groups. Most of the projects provided a model of the curriculum…
Box Plots in the Australian Curriculum
Watson, Jane M.
2012-01-01
This article compares the definition of "box plot" as used in the "Australian Curriculum: Mathematics" with other definitions used in the education community; describes the difficulties students experience when dealing with box plots; and discusses the elaboration that is necessary to enable teachers to develop the knowledge…
Creating a Curriculum that Fosters Scientific thought
Langley, Tilan
2009-01-01
Despite the progress in technology since the time of Maria Montessori, the science curriculum has been pushed aside slowly as teachers' focus has shifted to literacy and mathematics. The Early Childhood classroom has grown complacent with miniature life cycle lessons and attractive puzzles; the time has come to return science to a critical…
Box Plots in the Australian Curriculum
Watson, Jane M.
2012-01-01
This article compares the definition of "box plot" as used in the "Australian Curriculum: Mathematics" with other definitions used in the education community; describes the difficulties students experience when dealing with box plots; and discusses the elaboration that is necessary to enable teachers to develop the knowledge necessary to use them…
Fibbin with Poems across the Curriculum
Bintz, William P.
2010-01-01
This article uses "fibbin" (Fibonacci poems) as an instructional strategy to teaching reading and writing across the curriculum. It describes fibbin from a historical and mathematical perspective and discusses it as an adaptation of the famous Fibonacci sequence to teaching content area material (e.g. science, math, and social studies). This…
Teaching Mathematical Proofs That Rely on Ideas from Physics.
Hanna, Gila; Jahnke, H. Niels; DeBruyn, Ysbrand; Lomas, Dennis
2001-01-01
Describes empirical research into the effectiveness of using concepts and principles of physics in the teaching of geometrical proofs. Demonstrates, tentatively, that proofs from physics could be a viable addition to the mathematics curriculum. (Author/MM)
Howson, A. G.; Westbury, Ian
An attempt is made to define the meaning of invention and innovation in mathematics education in order to help develop guidelines for policies of research and development in this area. Spectrums of invention in the realms of geometry and group theory are proposed as models of ordering understanding of creative activity within mathematics. This…
Hidden figures are ever present.
Mens, L H; Leeuwenberg, E L
1988-11-01
Preference judgments about alternative interpretations of unambiguous patterns can be explained in terms of a rivalry between a preferred and a second-best interpretation (cf. Leeuwenberg & Buffart, 1983). We tested whether this second-best interpretation corresponds to a suppressed but concurrently present interpretation or whether it merely reflects an alternative view that happens to be preferred less often. Two patterns were present immediately following each other with a very short onset asynchrony: a complete pattern and one out of three possible subpatterns of it, corresponding to the best, the second best, or an odd interpretation of the complete pattern. Subjects indicated which subpattern was presented by choosing among the three subpatterns shown after each trial. The scores, corrected for response-bias effects, indicated a relative facilitation of the second-best interpretation, in agreement with its predicted "hidden" presence. This result is more in line with theories that capitalize on the quality of the finally selected representation than with processing models aimed at reaching one single solution as fast and as economically as possible.