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Sample records for heymsfield zimian wang

  1. Wang Jing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    WANG JING studies fashion modeling at the Beijing Institute of Clothing Technology (BICT). Her course of study is new at BICT, established only two years ago. In 1993, when BICT admitted its first group of modeling students, Wang passed the examination along with 13 other young women. The following year BICT admitted 28 more students. Wang has inherited her talent for art from both parents. Her mother is a music teacher at a middle school, and her father

  2. 谁是Wang Wei?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶西平

    2008-01-01

    2007年美国物理学会主席在美国的权威物理学杂志上发表了一篇文章,题目是《谁是Wang Wei?》。文章的大意是说在美国的杂志上发表文章的中国学者的名字都是使用英语字母来表示的,他举例说,像用英文字母表示的Wang Wei在中国可以找出许多用不同汉字表示的人名,我们很难判断Wang Wei到底是谁。

  3. Wang Tiles in Computer Graphics

    CERN Document Server

    Lagae, Ares

    2009-01-01

    Many complex signals in computer graphics, such as point distributions and textures, cannot be efficiently synthesized and stored. This book presents tile-based methods based on Wang tiles and corner tiles to solve both these problems. Instead of synthesizing a complex signal when needed, the signal is synthesized beforehand over a small set of Wang tiles or corner tiles. Arbitrary large amounts of that signal can then efficiently be generated when needed by generating a stochastic tiling, and storing only a small set of tiles reduces storage requirements. A tile-based method for generating a

  4. Rising Dance Star Wang Dongmei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Wang Dongmei, a Harbin native and agraduate of the People’s Liberation Army ArtCollege, is a rising young dancer currently servingin the Dancing and Singing Ensemble of the PLA’sAir Force. She joined the army in February 1978,

  5. Wang Guowei's Application of Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JINLI HE

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Wang Guowei (1887-1927 was a late Qing scholar who assumed a pioneer role in introducing Western philosophy and is regarded as the founder of Chinese ideas about philosophical and literary-aesthetic modernity. His introduction and interpretation not only has been inspiring later scholars to be interested in European philosophy but also being a “showcase” of the “localness” of a cultural interpretation. This paper focuses on Kant’s influence on Wang Guowei, especially Wang’s use of Kant’s epistemological, ethical and aesthetic theories to reconstruct the important Chinese philosophical conceptions, such as, 'xing'性, 'li'理, 'ming'命, 'ya'雅 and what he called as Confucius’ 'meiyuzhuyi'美育主義(aesthetic educational-ism and aims to achieve a better grasp of the continuity and revolution that accompany the emergence of Chinese modernity as well as a better understanding of comparative culture (philosophy in its “primitive” phase.

  6. Communicating between the Apple and the Wang

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barton, G.W., Downey, R.

    1982-10-26

    This manual covers what the beginner needs to know in order to transfer files between an Apple's Microcomputer and a Wang's OIS Word Processor. We have also tried to indicate where the experienced user might want to look for additional details. We cover the use of Apple Writer )(, VisiTerm, VisiCalc, and EasyWriter Professional. For us, the two most useful connections are from Applewriter to Wang and from Visicalc to Wang. From Wang to Apple Writer via Visiterm may have some value. Files can be transferred by VisiTerm to Wang, but they arrive with RETURNS in the middle of words, which have to be edited out, so we do not recommend it. We describe how to go from EasyWriter to Wang, but we do not know how to go from Wang to EasyWriter. We see no reason to go from Wang to VisiCalc, so we haven't thought about it. All instructions are given for a typical configuration of the Apple, namely the one on which this manual was composed. It is detailed in the section on Hardware and Software.

  7. Wang Shufen,A Psychiatric Nurse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1995-01-01

    WANG Shufen, a cheerful 26, has been a nurse at a psychiatric hospital for seven years. However, when asked about her profession, she still says "I’m a nurse," omitting "in a psychiatric hospital." Wang wanted to become a nurse after she left middle school. She applied to several nurse training schools, and was

  8. A Generalized Sagnac-Wang-Fizeau formula

    CERN Document Server

    Ori, Amos

    2016-01-01

    We present a special-relativistic analysis of deformable interferometers where counter propagating beams share a common optical path. The optical path is allowed to change rather arbitrarily and need not be stationary. We show that, in the absence of dispersion the phase shift has two contributions. To leading order in $v/c$ one contribution is given by Wang empirical formula for deformable Sagnac interferometers. The second contribution is due to the stretching of the optical path and we give an explicit formula for this stretch term valid to first order in $v/c$. The analysis provides a unifying framework incorporating the Sagnac, Wang and Fizeau effects in a single scheme and gives a rigorous proof of Wang empirical formula.

  9. Potato Expert Wang Yu’e

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    WHENEVER I sit in the McDonald’s in Beijing, sipping a cola and savoring the golden French fries, I shall always think of a woman I got acquainted with in Qinghai Province. Her name is Wang Yu’e, but the locals call her "potato expert." Wang Yu’e is the vice director of the Botany Protection Institute of the Qinghai Provincial Academy of Agricultural and Forest Sciences; at the end of 1993 she was ratified by the State Council as a

  10. Wang Deguang's Last Wish

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    THE countdown had already begun for the end of Wang Deguang's life. Wang Deguang would be executed two days later. The young prison guard was quite sincere as he asked the prisoner for his final wishes. "Number 5a, tomorrow you'll be allowed to order some of your favorite dishes, dumplings or steamed stuffed buns. Besides, you'll also be allowed a few cups of beer since our leader knows you are a heavy drinker. But you should not drink too much. You know, even this is already a special favor for you."

  11. Wang-Landau integration --- The application of Wang-Landau sampling in numerical integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying Wai; Wuest, Thomas; Landau, David P.; Qing Lin, Hai

    2007-03-01

    Wang-Landau sampling was first introduced to simulate the density of states in energy space for various physical systems. This technique can be extended to numerical integrations due to certain similarities in nature of these two problems. It can be further applied to study quantum many-body systems. We report the feasibility of this application by discussing the correspondence between Wang-Landau integration and Wang-Landau sampling for Ising model. Numerical results for 1D and 2D integrations are shown. In particular, the utilization of this algorithm in the periodic lattice Anderson model is discussed as an illustrative example.

  12. Wang Chunlu, A Strong-Willed Skater

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JENNIFER; LIM

    1998-01-01

    BEFORE the ’98 Winter Olympic Games, the psychology teacher of the China National Speed Skating Team asked each member to write down a few words expressing their state of mind. "Others can’t scramble over you unless you yourself bend down," wrote Wang Chunlu, a young skater from Changchun.

  13. Wang Shutong: A Woman Who Enjoys Change

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    "My friends tell me I am lucky. When Microsoft became a giant, I was already workingthere. At the time Cisco ranked first in terms of market value, I was marketing general manag-er of Cisco China, and when network fever swept across China, Ijoinedjoyo.com," says WangShutong, her eyes gleaming.

  14. Magnitude of the Wang-Landau error

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Gregory; Rikvold, PA; Odbadrakh, Kh; Nicholson, DM

    2016-09-01

    The Wang-Landau algorithm is an entropic sampling method that incoroporates an update factor ln fi , which introduces a self-avoidance tendency into the random walk. Continued sampling at constant ln fi leads to a steady state estimate of the density of states ln gi (E). We find numerically that the difference between ln gi (E) and the true density of states ln g (E) is proportional to the update factor.

  15. THE LIFE AND LOVES OF WANG LUOBIN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JANE SHAW

    1994-01-01

    WANG was born in 1913 in Beijing. When he studied at the Beijing Art School, he fell in love with Luo Shah, who was five years younger than he. Luo’s grandfather was an official in charge of salt transportation at the end of the Qing Dynasty. Her father was a professional revolutionary. The sharp contradiction between her feudal family background and her progressive thoughts made her a radical youth. When Luo left Beijing for her hometown in Henan Province after the

  16. Critical endpoint behavior: A Wang Landau study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landau, D. P.; Wang, Fugao; Tsai, Shan-Ho

    2008-07-01

    We study the critical endpoint behavior using an asymmetric Ising model with two- and three-body interactions on a triangular lattice, in the presence of an external field. The simulation method we use is Wang-Landau sampling in a two-dimensional parameter space. We observe a clear divergence of the curvature of the spectator phase boundary and of the magnetization coexistence diameter derivative at the critical endpoint, and the exponents for both divergences agree well with previous theoretical predictions.

  17. Numerical integration using Wang Landau sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Y. W.; Wüst, T.; Landau, D. P.; Lin, H. Q.

    2007-09-01

    We report a new application of Wang-Landau sampling to numerical integration that is straightforward to implement. It is applicable to a wide variety of integrals without restrictions and is readily generalized to higher-dimensional problems. The feasibility of the method results from a reinterpretation of the density of states in statistical physics to an appropriate measure for numerical integration. The properties of this algorithm as a new kind of Monte Carlo integration scheme are investigated with some simple integrals, and a potential application of the method is illustrated by the evaluation of integrals arising in perturbation theory of quantum many-body systems.

  18. Wang-Landau sampling for homopolymer collapse

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaton, Daniel T.; Mitchell, Steven J.; Landau, David P.

    2008-03-01

    We explore the behavior of a continuum-homopolymer model using the Wang-Landau algorithm, concentrating on phase transitions such as the coil-globule and solid-liquid transitions. Using the density of states generated by the Wang-Landau algorithm, we calculate various thermodynamic quantities, e.g., the internal energy and specific heat. We also study how algorithmic parameters, such as sampling boundaries (maximum and minimum energies for random walks) and the final value of the modification factor, affect these quantities. In particular, we observe how the sampling boundaries can significantly alter the transition behavior. Our results are compared with two recent studies that yielded contradictory results, one using the bond-fluctuation model and the other using a continuum model similar to our own. We find that the transitions seen in our model are much more similar to those in the bond-fluctuation study. The careful analysis of the effects of algorithmic parameters on thermodynamic quantities should be relevant to the study of other polymeric/protein models.

  19. The Wang-Landau Sampling Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landau, David P.

    2003-03-01

    Over the past several decades Monte Carlo simulations[1] have evolved into a powerful tool for the study of wide-ranging problems in statistical/condensed matter physics. Standard methods sample the probability distribution for the states of the system, usually in the canonical ensemble, and enormous improvements have been made in performance through the implementation of novel algorithms. Nonetheless, difficulties arise near phase transitions, either due to critical slowing down near 2nd order transitions or to metastability near 1st order transitions, thus limiting the applicability of the method. We shall describe a new and different Monte Carlo approach [2] that uses a random walk in energy space to determine the density of states directly. Once the density of states is estimated, all thermodynamic properties can be calculated at all temperatures. This approach can be extended to multi-dimensional parameter spaces and has already found use in classical models of interacting particles including systems with complex energy landscapes, e.g., spin glasses, protein folding models, etc., as well as for quantum models. 1. A Guide to Monte Carlo Simulations in Statistical Physics, D. P. Landau and K. Binder (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 2000). 2. Fugao Wang and D. P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2050 (2001); Phys. Rev. E64, 056101-1 (2001).

  20. Yinglai Wang: an admirable biochemist for his foresightedness and selflessness

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Baoyuan Zhang; Pangao Xue; EnduoWang

    2011-01-01

    On July 5,2001,Nature published an article:"Wang Ying-lai (1907 2001)" in honor of Dr.Yinglai Wang and his contributions to the advancement of total chemical synthesis of biological molecules.It is rather rare for Nature to descdbe a biochemist in this manner.However,Yinglai Wang is an admired and revered scientist,and as such,deserves such an honor! His scientific achievements and exemplary morality should be acknowledged by the scientific community and must be emulated by people from all walks of life.

  1. Free energy computations employing Jarzynski identity and Wang - Landau algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalyan, M. Suman; Murthy, K. P. N.; Sastry, V. S. S.

    2016-05-01

    We introduce a simple method to compute free energy differences employing Jarzynski identity in conjunction with Wang - Landau algorithm. We demonstrate this method on Ising spin system by comparing the results with those obtained from canonical sampling.

  2. [Study of dates of birth and death of WANG Tao].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Zhen-Min

    2011-03-01

    The dates of birth and death of WANG Tao, a famous doctor in Tang dynasty, are not found in literature and scholars have different points upon this subject. It could be sure that WANG Tao was appointed mayor of Huayuan county in the ninth year of Kaiyuan period (721) and in December of the fourteenth year of Tianbao period (756) he the revolt in Hejian. The recording after 756 could not be found in literature. According to the official system in Tang dynasty that officers retired at their age of 70, it could be sure that WANG Tao was less than 70 year old in 756. Considering his age when he was the county mayor in 721, it could be speculated that WANG Tao was born during the third year of Chuigong period (687) to the second year of Changshou period (693), and his death date should be some date after 756. But it couldn't be validated.

  3. A Brief Biography of Prof. Yun-chang Wang (1906-)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHUANG Jian-yun; WEI Shu-xia; 宋银秋

    2006-01-01

    @@ Yun-chang Wang, a Chinese mycologist and pathologist, was born in Neihuang county of Henan province. After his graduation from Agricultural College of Peiping University, he became an assistant researcher in Botany Institute of Peiping Institute.

  4. The role of Wang-Landau sampling in materials development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landau, David

    2012-02-01

    An understanding of the thermodynamic behavior of materials as well as the prediction of the properties of ``materials by design'' often depends upon knowledge of the free energy of the system under study. Computer simulations offer a powerful tool for such investigations, but traditional methods often suffer from long time scales and metastable states due to the roughness of the free energy landscape. Wang-Landau samplingootnotetextF. Wang and D. P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2050 (2001); F. Wang and D. P. Landau, Phys. Rev. E 64, 05610 (2001). is a powerful alternative to traditional Monte Carlo algorithms which can alleviate many such problems. We will review the Wang-Landau algorithm and discuss various implementations as well as possible application to materials development.

  5. Avoiding boundary effects in Wang-Landau sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, B. J.; Binder, K.; Müller, M.; Landau, D. P.

    2003-06-01

    A simple modification of the “Wang-Landau sampling” algorithm removes the systematic error that occurs at the boundary of the range of energy over which the random walk takes place in the original algorithm.

  6. A Short Proof to Some Results of Sun and Wang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wei Cao

    2007-01-01

    We give a short proof to some results of Sun and Wang on counting the number of solutions of a class of equations over finite fields. Our proof is elementary and only based on matrix properties and recursion techniques.

  7. Massively parallel Wang-Landau sampling on multiple GPUs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Junqi; Landau, D. P.

    2012-08-01

    Wang-Landau sampling is implemented on the Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) with the Compute Unified Device Architecture (CUDA). Performances on three different GPU cards, including the new generation Fermi architecture card, are compared with that on a Central Processing Unit (CPU). The parameters for massively parallel Wang-Landau sampling are tuned in order to achieve fast convergence. For simulations of the water cluster systems, we obtain an average of over 50 times speedup for a given workload.

  8. Convergence and refinement of the Wang Landau algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hwee Kuan; Okabe, Yutaka; Landau, D. P.

    2006-07-01

    Recently, Wang and Landau proposed a new random walk algorithm that can be very efficiently applied to many problems. Subsequently, there has been numerous studies on the algorithm itself and many proposals for improvements were put forward. However, fundamental questions such as what determines the rate of convergence has not been answered. To understand the mechanism behind the Wang-Landau method, we did an error analysis and found that a steady state is reached where the fluctuations in the accumulated energy histogram saturate at values proportional to [. This value is closely related to the error corrections to the Wang-Landau method. We also study the rate of convergence using different "tuning" parameters in the algorithm.

  9. WANG Feiyue honored as distinguished scientist by ACM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Prof. WANG Feiyue, a renowned scholar in intelligent control from the CAS Institute of Automation, has been selected by the New York-based Association for Computing Machinery (ACM) as a distinguished scientist for his contributions to both the practical and theoretical aspects of computing and information technology. Altogether, 13 scientists received the honor across the world in 2007.

  10. Wang Xiaohui’s Perspective on the World

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    IN May of 1997, the Shanghai Art Gallery hosted a retrospective of the photography of Wang Xiaohui, an artist who took up a camera seriously only 10 years ago. It was one of the most successful exhibitions they had ever held. In two days alone, more than 3,000

  11. Professor Wang Jie Met with NSF Assistant Director

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Huai

    2008-01-01

    @@ Prof.Wang Jie,NSFC Vice President,cordially met with Dr.David Lightfoot,Assistant Director of USA National Science Foundation (NSF) responsible for the Directorate for Social,Behavioral and Economic Sciences,on April 21,2008.

  12. Solutions to two problems of G.J.Wang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHAO; Bin

    2001-01-01

    [1]Wang,G.J.,Theory of L-fuzzy Topological Spaces (in Chinese),Xi'an:Shaanxi Normal University Press,1988,1-428.[2]Goguen,J.A.,L-fuzzy sets,Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications,1967,18:145-174.[3]Zhang,C.L.,Fuzzy topological spaces,Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications,1973,41:478-485.[4]Wang,G.J.,Pointwise topology on completely distributive lattices,Fuzzy Sets and Systems,1989,30:53-62.[5]Wong,C.K.,Fuzzy topology:Product and quotient theorems,Journal of Mathematical Analysis and Applications,1974,45:512-521.[6]Wang,G.J.,Lattice-valued lower semicontinuous functions,Journal of Shaanxi Normal University,1988,16(4):1-7.[7]Wang,G.J.,Products of L-fuzzy topological spaces,Fuzzy Systems and Mathematics,1987,1(1):27-34.

  13. Twisted gauge theories in 3D Walker-Wang models

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Zitao

    2016-01-01

    Three dimensional gauge theories with a discrete gauge group can emerge from spin models as a gapped topological phase with fractional point excitations (gauge charge) and loop excitations (gauge flux). It is known that 3D gauge theories can be "twisted", in the sense that the gauge flux loops can have nontrivial braiding statistics among themselves and such twisted gauge theories are realized in models discovered by Dijkgraaf and Witten. A different framework to systematically construct three dimensional topological phases was proposed by Walker and Wang and a series of examples have been studied. Can the Walker Wang construction be used to realize the topological order in twisted gauge theories? This is not immediately clear because the Walker-Wang construction is based on a loop condensation picture while the Dijkgraaf-Witten theory is based on a membrane condensation picture. In this paper, we show that the answer to this question is Yes, by presenting an explicit construction of the Walker Wang models wh...

  14. Generic, hierarchical framework for massively parallel Wang-Landau sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas; Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2013-05-24

    We introduce a parallel Wang-Landau method based on the replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for simulations of complex systems, we apply it to different spin models including spin glasses, the Ising model, and the Potts model, lattice protein adsorption, and the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions. Without loss of accuracy, the method gives significant speed-up and potentially scales up to petaflop machines.

  15. Generic, Hierarchical Framework for Massively Parallel Wang-Landau Sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas; Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2013-05-01

    We introduce a parallel Wang-Landau method based on the replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for simulations of complex systems, we apply it to different spin models including spin glasses, the Ising model, and the Potts model, lattice protein adsorption, and the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions. Without loss of accuracy, the method gives significant speed-up and potentially scales up to petaflop machines.

  16. A generic, hierarchical framework for massively parallel Wang Landau sampling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogel, Thomas [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2013-01-01

    We introduce a parallel Wang Landau method based on the replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for simulations of com- plex systems, we apply it to the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions and to lattice protein adsorption. Without loss of accuracy, the method gives significant speed-up on small architectures like multi-core processors, and should be beneficial for petaflop machines.

  17. «王乃誉日记»有关少年王国维略述%Descriptions about Teenager Wang Guowei in Wang Naiyu Diary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张镇西

    2015-01-01

    The paper compiled all details about Wang Guowei in Wang Naiyu Diary ,from family status and major family events,Wang Naiyu’s interests and teachings,to Wang Guowei’s academic partners and teen-ager playmates,thus analyzed academic and ideological formation process of teenager Wang Guowei.%对«王乃誉日记»中涉及王国维少年事情的内容进行综合整理,从家境状况与主要家庭活动、王乃誉的喜好擅长与言传身教、王国维的兴趣学业与少年伙伴三个角度,剖析了王国维少年时期学业及思想形成的过程。

  18. Swendsen-Wang is faster than single-bond dynamics

    CERN Document Server

    Ullrich, Mario

    2012-01-01

    We prove that the spectral gap of the Swendsen-Wang dynamics for the random-cluster model is larger than the spectral gap of a single-bond dynamics, that updates only a single edge per step. For this we give a representation of the algorithms on the joint (Potts/random-cluster) model. Furthermore we obtain upper and lower bounds on the mixing time of the single-bond dynamics on the discrete d-dimensional torus of side length L at the Potts transition temperature for $q$ large enough that are exponential in L^{d-1}, complementing a result of Borgs, Chayes and Tetali.

  19. Freud in China: An Interview with Wang Ning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Evan Osnos

    2011-01-01

    0 (Abbreviation of Osnos) : How did you become focused on Freud? W (Abbreviation of Wang Ning) : I found that many of the American writers were greatly influenced by psychoanalysis, especially by Freud. So I took some time reading some of the books written by Freud, such as Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, Beyond the Pleasure Principles and An Autobiographi- cal Study. And in 1983, I attended a conference, a national conference on psychoanalysis in Nanjing and submitted a paper on Freudian influence on modern and contemporary Western literature.

  20. Wang-Landau Simulations of Adsorbed and Confined Lattice Proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattanasiri, Busara; Li, Ying Wai; Landau, David P.; Wüst, Thomas

    2012-08-01

    The hydrophobic-polar (HP) model has emerged as one of the standard approaches for simulating protein folding. In this work, we used this model together with Wang-Landau (WL) sampling and appropriate Monte Carlo trial moves to determine the density of states and thermodynamics for two cases: Protein adsorption and protein confinement, in the vicinity of attractive surfaces. The influence on the adsorption behavior of surface attractive strength in the adsorption case and volumetric spaces in the confinement case will be discussed.

  1. [Clearing the doubts of all Wang Bing in the Tang dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, H; Qiao, Y; Li, H

    1999-10-01

    The problem is probed on the clues provided by Si ku ti yao zheng (Analysis on Summary of Books in Four Parts). It is claimed that the Wang bing (*) recommended by Wei Kang and that recommended by Yuwen Rong in Yu Jiaxi's work refer to the same person, both are identical to the time of the author of Su wen. Further, the time of the above 2 Wang Bing(s) and the Wang Bing recorded in lie nu zhuan (Biongraphies of chaste women) as the son of Wang Lin, are also overlapped with the time of the author of Su wen. It is possible that they are the same person. However, the details of the Wang Bing mentioned in Lang guan shi zhu ti ming (inscription for Lang guan Stone Pillar) is unknown. Again, it is unlikely that the Wang Bing (*) is the author of Su wen and can be only a farfetched analogy drawn after Su Fu's poet.

  2. The Application of Survey in ER Wang Temple Restituting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuai, W.; Rong, Z.

    2013-07-01

    Er Wang Temple, in World Heritage Site "Dujiang Weirs and Qingchengshan Mountai", was severely destroyed in Wenchuan earthquake of May 2008. There are several problems at different level in every building, such as structural distortion, foundation displacement, wall fracture, roof damage, etc. The stage was completely collapsed in the earthquake. Tableland the stage situated had a huge crack and slope collapse. This article is for the stage renovation. The survey of damage in earthquake is the basis of Er Wang Temple restituting. Survey including field survey after the earthquake and the measurement and investigation for the remained construction member of the main wood structure. For field survey, the basis of pillars which had not have significantly affects in earthquake could be seem as the reference points for measurement. The investigation of remained main wood construction member, especially the size of the key structures and site and manufacture method of the joints, is the important basis for recovery stage. Our team did our utmost to restore the original appearance of stage in design, materials and craft by various tools, which include measured drawings in different times, old images collection, fine measuring by 3D laser scan, measurement of leftover pieces, logical inference.

  3. Wang-Landau sampling: a criterion for halting the simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caparica, A A

    2014-04-01

    In this work we propose a criterion to finish the simulations of the Wang-Landau sampling. Instead of determining a final modification factor for all simulations and every sample size, we investigate the behavior of the temperature of the peak of the specific heat during the simulations and finish them when this value varies below a given limit. As a result, different runs stop at different final modification factors. We show that in place of the temperature of the peak of the specific heat one can adopt alternatively the integrated heat transfer as a reference quantity. We apply this technique to the two-dimensional Ising model and a homopolymer. We verify that for the Ising model the mean order of the final modification factors is roughly the same for all lattice sizes, but for the homopolymer the order of the final modification factors increases with increasing polymer sizes. The results show that the simulations can be halted much earlier than is conventional in Wang-Landau sampling, but manifold finite-size simulations are required in order to obtain accurate results. A brief application to the three-dimensional Ising model is also available.

  4. Ke Wang, a Chinese television soap opera with a message.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, M; Singhal, A

    1992-01-01

    The Chinese soap opera, Ke Wang, was created by Li Xiaoming between August 1989 and June 1990 and produced at a cost of US$4650 per episode. The characters were drawn from everyday ordinary Chinese life: a traditional and open-minded and caring woman, a typical mother who works hard and loves her children, a highly educated upwardly mobile man who divorces his wife, a professor criticized during the Cultural Revolution, a doctor prejudiced against ordinary people, a kind honest man who marries the divorcee, a friend of the divorcee, a man who is optimistic in spite of bad experiences during the Cultural Revolution, and an excellent medical doctor who also resolves conflicts. The program was very popular, even among Communists, because of its value-based content, the real-life nature of the show, the change from highly restricted programming, the elaborate and supportive media coverage, and dialogue which closely matches audience preferences. The show has been aired by over 100 stations to date and has reached a total estimated audience of 550 million. The sale of television sets has increased since the show's appearance. The script reflects the conflicts between traditional and modern Chinese values. Pro-social values and behaviors are learned from the role models depicted; examples are given of immediate social impact. Ke Wang was a by-product of the Beijing Television Arts Center's interest in designing television programs that are relevant to the lives of ordinary people. The 60-minute scripts dealt with issues such as the status of women, social morality, family harmony, class conflict, responsible parenthood, maintenance of traditional culture, volunteerism, child development, and coping with physical disability. The Chinese government hailed Ke Wang as model television and awarded US$20,000 in prize money to the producers. The Chinese government is planning to produce other entertainment-education soap operas, which raises the problem of blatant, political

  5. Wang-Landau simulation of Gō model molecules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böker, Arne; Paul, Wolfgang

    2016-01-01

    Gō-like models are one of the oldest protein modeling concepts in computational physics and have proven their value over and over for forty years. The essence of a Gō model is to define a native contact matrix for a well-defined low-energy polymer configuration, e.g., the native state in the case of proteins or peptides. Many different potential shapes and many different cut-off distances in the definition of this native contact matrix have been proposed and applied. We investigate here the physical consequences of the choice for this cut-off distance in the Gō models derived for a square-well tangent sphere homopolymer chain. For this purpose we are performing flat-histogram Monte Carlo simulations of Wang-Landau type, obtaining the thermodynamic and structural properties of such models over the complete temperature range. Differences and similarities with Gō models for proteins and peptides are discussed.

  6. Improving Wang-Landau sampling with adaptive windows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha-Netto, A G; Caparica, A A; Tsai, Shan-Ho; Dickman, Ronald; Landau, D P

    2008-11-01

    Wang-Landau sampling (WLS) of large systems requires dividing the energy range into "windows" and joining the results of simulations in each window. The resulting density of states (and associated thermodynamic functions) is shown to suffer from boundary effects in simulations of lattice polymers and the five-state Potts model. Here, we implement WLS using adaptive windows. Instead of defining fixed energy windows (or windows in the energy-magnetization plane for the Potts model), the boundary positions depend on the set of energy values on which the histogram is flat at a given stage of the simulation. Shifting the windows each time the modification factor f is reduced, we eliminate border effects that arise in simulations using fixed windows. Adaptive windows extend significantly the range of system sizes that may be studied reliably using WLS.

  7. Scalable replica-exchange framework for Wang-Landau sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas; Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2014-08-01

    We investigate a generic, parallel replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations based on the Wang-Landau method. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for massively parallel simulations of complex systems, we apply it to lattice spin models, the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions, and the adsorption of molecules on surfaces. While of general current interest, the latter phenomena are challenging to study computationally because of multiple structural transitions occurring over a broad temperature range. We show how the parallel framework facilitates simulations of such processes and, without any loss of accuracy or precision, gives a significant speedup and allows for the study of much larger systems and much wider temperature ranges than possible with single-walker methods.

  8. Scalable replica-exchange framework for Wang-Landau sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas; Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2014-08-01

    We investigate a generic, parallel replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations based on the Wang-Landau method. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for massively parallel simulations of complex systems, we apply it to lattice spin models, the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions, and the adsorption of molecules on surfaces. While of general current interest, the latter phenomena are challenging to study computationally because of multiple structural transitions occurring over a broad temperature range. We show how the parallel framework facilitates simulations of such processes and, without any loss of accuracy or precision, gives a significant speedup and allows for the study of much larger systems and much wider temperature ranges than possible with single-walker methods.

  9. Generic parallel Wang-Landau sampling for complex systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying Wai; Vogel, Thomas; Landau, David P.; Wüst, Thomas

    2013-03-01

    We introduce a parallel realization for Wang-Landau sampling in Monte Carlo simulations based on a replica-exchange framework. The key idea is to split the entire energy range of the system under consideration into several smaller, overlapping sub intervals. The survey of configurational phase space can then be distributed over multiple processors, with exchanges of random walkers taking place in the overlapping energy windows. To demonstrate the robustness and advantages of this parallel scheme for the simulations of complex systems, we have applied it to protein adsorption problems using the HP lattice protein model[1]. The method gives significant speed-up and achieves strong scaling on small computer architectures like multi-core processors, with a possible improvement in accuracy. We believe that it could be potentially beneficial for large-scale petaflop machines.

  10. Wang-Landau simulations of polymer adsorption on diluted surfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Paulo; Vogel, Thomas; Landau, David

    2012-02-01

    We consider a single linear lattice homopolymer in three dimensions that interacts with a diluted planar surface. A fraction p of the total number of the sites on the substrate is attractive, while the remaining 1-p remains neutral. Our focus is on the conformational transitions the polymer can experience under different environmental conditions, for instance, the surface dilution and the strength of the substrate attraction, compared to the intensity of the monomer-monomer interactions. To get insights on the phase diagram we have performed extensive Monte Carlo simulations, by using the Wang-Landau sampling, for different values of the surface attraction ɛ and the concentration of attractive sites p, specially near the surface percolation threshold pc.

  11. Scalable replica-exchange framework for Wang Landau sampling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogel, Thomas [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2014-01-01

    We investigate a generic, parallel replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations based on the Wang Landau method. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for massively parallel simulations of complex systems, we apply it to lattice spin models, the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions, and the adsorption of molecules on surfaces. While of general, current interest, the latter phenomena are challenging to study computationally because of multiple structural transitions occurring over a broad temperature range. We show how the parallel framework facilitates simulations of such processes and, without any loss of accuracy or precision, gives a significant speedup and allows for the study of much larger systems and much wider temperature ranges than possible with single-walker methods.

  12. Improving Wang-Landau sampling with adaptive windows

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunha-Netto, A. G.; Caparica, A. A.; Tsai, Shan-Ho; Dickman, Ronald; Landau, D. P.

    2008-11-01

    Wang-Landau sampling (WLS) of large systems requires dividing the energy range into “windows” and joining the results of simulations in each window. The resulting density of states (and associated thermodynamic functions) is shown to suffer from boundary effects in simulations of lattice polymers and the five-state Potts model. Here, we implement WLS using adaptive windows. Instead of defining fixed energy windows (or windows in the energy-magnetization plane for the Potts model), the boundary positions depend on the set of energy values on which the histogram is flat at a given stage of the simulation. Shifting the windows each time the modification factor f is reduced, we eliminate border effects that arise in simulations using fixed windows. Adaptive windows extend significantly the range of system sizes that may be studied reliably using WLS.

  13. Analysis on Chi-Chen Wang's Adaptation of Chapters in the English Translation of Hongloumeng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖珠

    2015-01-01

    Chi-Chen Wang tries hard to translate out the contents that are of interest to the western common readers. This paper is a study of Chi-chen Wang's adaptation of chapters in his two English abridged translations of Hongloumeng, hoping to be of practical use on the study of translation practice.

  14. Dr. Yu Wang, Director, Natural Science Division, National Science Council, Taiwan

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    Photo 01: L. to r.: Dr. Philippe Bloch, CERN CMS ECAL Deputy Project Manager, Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Etiennette Auffray, CERN, responsible of the CERN ECAL Regional Centre. Photo 02: L. to r.: Dr. Yu Wang, Dr. Philippe Bloch, Dr. Apollo GO, National Central University, Taiwan, Dr. Etiennette Auffray.

  15. The Dual Functionals for the Generalized Ball Basis of Wang-Said Type and Basis Transformation Formulas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ping Jiang; Hongyi Wu; Jieqing Tan

    2006-01-01

    The generalized Ball curves of Wang-Said type with a position parameter L not only unify the Wang-Ball curves and the Said-Ball curves, but also include several useful intermediate curves. This paper presents the dual functionals for the generalized Ball basis of Wang-Said type. The relevant basis transformation formulae are also worked out.

  16. Exploring HP protein models using Wang-Landau sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wuest, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2008-03-01

    The hydrophobic-polar (HP) protein model has become a standard in assessing the efficiency of computational methods for protein structure prediction as well as for exploring the statistical physics of protein folding in general. Numerous methods have been proposed to address the challenges of finding minimal energy conformations within the rough energy landscape of this lattice heteropolymer model. However, only a few studies have been dedicated to the more revealing - but also more demanding - problem of estimating the density of states which allows access to thermodynamic properties of a system at any temperature. Here, we show that Wang-Landau sampling, in connection with a suitable move set (``pull moves''), provides a powerful route for the ground state search and the precise determination of the density of states for HP sequences (with up to 100 monomers) in both, two and three dimensions. Our procedure possesses an intrinsic simplicity and overcomes the inevitable limitations inherent in other more tailored approaches. The main advantage lies in its general applicability to a broad range of lattice protein models that go beyond the scope of the HP model.

  17. Yue Joseph Wang named Grant A. Dove Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Owczarski, Mark

    2009-01-01

    Yue Joseph Wang, professor of electrical and computer engineering in the College of Engineering at Virginia Tech, has been named the Grant A. Dove Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering by the Virginia Tech Board of Visitors.

  18. PhD Wang Xingchu,A Successful Leader of A High-tech Company Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ PhD Wang Xingchu was born in 1962. He is the Board Chairman of Shanghai Biotechnology Industrial Garden Coalition Development Co., Ltd. and the General Manager of Shanghai Hua Xin High-Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

  19. A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a generic, parallel Wang-Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang-Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

  20. A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying Wai; Vogel, Thomas; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2014-05-01

    We introduce a generic, parallel Wang-Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang-Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

  1. A new paradigm for petascale Monte Carlo simulation: Replica exchange Wang Landau sampling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Vogel, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2014-01-01

    We introduce a generic, parallel Wang Landau method that is naturally suited to implementation on massively parallel, petaflop supercomputers. The approach introduces a replica-exchange framework in which densities of states for overlapping sub-windows in energy space are determined iteratively by traditional Wang Landau sampling. The advantages and general applicability of the method are demonstrated for several distinct systems that possess discrete or continuous degrees of freedom, including those with complex free energy landscapes and topological constraints.

  2. Chemical gas-dynamics beyond Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck's kinetics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kolesnichenko, Evgeniy G. [Gas Kinetics Lab, Moscow State University, Institute for Mechanics, Moscow, 117192 (Russian Federation); Gorbachev, Yuriy E. [Research Department, Coddan Technologies LLC, St. Petersburg, 197342 (Russian Federation)

    2014-12-09

    Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck equation does not give possibility to take into account intermolecular processes such as redistribution of the energy among different degrees of freedom. The modification of the generalized Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck equation including such processes is proposed. It allows to study for instance the kinetics of non-radiative transitions. Limitations of this approach are connected with the requirements of absence of polarization of rotational momentum and phases of intermolecular vibrations.

  3. Cryptanalysis of Wang et al.’s lattice-based key exchange protocol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daya Sagar Gupta

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Wang et al. proposed a new hard problem on lattices which is an extension of the small integer solution (SIS on lattices. This new generated hard problem is named to be bilateral in-homogeneous small integer solution (Bi-ISIS. Using the hardness of Bi-ISIS, Wang et al. proposed a new key exchange protocol, which is based on the lattice-based cryptography. In this paper, we signalize that Wang et al.’s lattice-based key exchange protocol is vulnerable to an attack, namely, man-in-the-middle (MITM attack. Through this attack, Eavesdropper can intercept the authenticated messages and communicate the unauthentic messages among the communicating parties.

  4. Tight Bounds for Mixing of the Swendsen-Wang Algorithm at the Potts Transition Point

    CERN Document Server

    Borgs, Christian; Tetali, Prasad

    2010-01-01

    We study two widely used algorithms for the Potts model on rectangular subsets of the hypercubic lattice Z^d - heat bath dynamics and the Swendsen-Wang algorithm - and prove that, under certain circumstances, the mixing in these algorithms is torpid or slow. In particular, we show that for heat bath dynamics throughout the region of phase coexistence, and for the Swendsen-Wang algorithm at the transition point, the mixing time in a box of side length L with periodic boundary conditions has upper and lower bounds which are exponential in L^{d-1}. This work provides the first upper bound of this form for the Swendsen-Wang algorithm, and gives lower bounds for both algorithms which significantly improve the previous lower bounds that were exponential in L/(log L)^2.

  5. Psychometric Evaluation of the Wang Pregnancy Stress Scale: Revised for Taiwanese Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Janet F; Billings, Anthony A

    2015-01-01

    Develop and assess psychometric properties of the Wang Pregnancy Stress Scale for measuring stress among pregnant women in Taiwan. Data were collected in 3 obstetric and gynecological clinics in Taiwan; 485 pregnant women participated in this study. We used exploratory factor analysis and internal consistency reliability was measured using Cronbach's alpha. A 4-factor structure emerged for the Wang Pregnancy Stress Scale. The internal reliability of the scale as measured by Cronbach's alpha was .898, with standardized alpha .905. The Wang Pregnancy Stress Scale has high reliability and validity in measuring pregnancy stress that would allow nurses or health care workers to measure women's stress levels during pregnancy. Nurses can use the assessed pregnancy stress to alter intervention of care for their pregnant clients.

  6. Dynamic critical exponents for Swendsen Wang and Wolff algorithms obtained by a nonequilibrium relaxation method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Jianqing; Zheng, Bo; Wang, Jian-Sheng

    2006-05-01

    Using a nonequilibrium relaxation method, we calculate the dynamic critical exponent z of the two-dimensional Ising model for the Swendsen-Wang and Wolff algorithms. We examine dynamic relaxation processes following a quench from a disordered or an ordered initial state to the critical temperature Tc, and measure the exponential relaxation time of the system energy. For the Swendsen-Wang algorithm with an ordered or a disordered initial state, and for the Wolff algorithm with an ordered initial state, the exponential relaxation time fits well to a logarithmic size dependence up to a lattice size L = 8192. For the Wolff algorithm with a disordered initial state, we obtain an effective dynamic exponent zexp = 1.19(2) up to L = 2048. For comparison, we also compute the effective dynamic exponents through the integrated correlation times. In addition, an exact result of the Swendsen-Wang dynamic spectrum of a one-dimensional Ising chain is derived.

  7. Energy degeneracies from Broad Histogram Method and Wang-Landau Sampling

    CERN Document Server

    Lima, Alexandre Pereira; Girardi, Daniel

    2016-01-01

    In this work, we present a comparative study of the accuracy provided by the Wang-Landau sampling and the Broad Histogram method to estimate de density of states of the two dimensional Ising ferromagnet. The microcanonical averages used to describe the thermodynamic behaviour and to use the Broad Histogram method were obtained using the single spin-flip Wang-Landau sampling, attempting to convergence issues and accuracy improvements. We compare the results provided by both techniques with the exact ones for thermodynamic properties and critical exponents. Our results, within the Wang-Landau sampling, reveal that the Broad Histogram approach provides a better description of the density of states for all cases analysed.

  8. Performance of replica-exchange Wang-Landau sampling for the study of spin systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying Wai; Eisenbach, Markus; Vogel, Thomas; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2014-03-01

    The recently proposed replica-exchange Wang-Landau sampling (REWL) is a novel, massively parallel Monte Carlo method which allows for the parallelization of Wang-Landau sampling based on a replica-exchange framework. The robustness of the scheme is demonstrated by its broad applicability on a variety of spin systems: from the simplest models with discrete or continuous energy domains, to complex systems captured by large-scale first principles density functional theory calculations. The accuracy of REWL is studied by comparing the thermodynamic properties with exact solutions and results obtained by the original, serial Wang-Landau sampling. The principles for the speed-up, the strong and weak scaling behavior of REWL are also investigated when different parameter settings are employed. We will show, with the aid of selected spin systems, that the method accelerates the simulations significantly with a possible improved accuracy. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 210603 (2013)

  9. Wang Tiles Texture Synthesis utilizing Bee Evolutionary Genetic Algorithm%基于蜜蜂进化型遗传算法的Wang tiles纹理合成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙涛; 徐蔚鸿

    2012-01-01

    In texture synthesis process,the thesis introduces Bee Evolution Genetic Algorithm,and uses the BEGA to realize global optimization of the sample texture selection,and solve diamond juncture problem in the synthesized textures.Therefore,and the quality of Tile sets is improved,and the synthesis speed is grown up.Through the experiment,make the ideal synthetic effect.%在基于Wang Tiles的纹理合成中引入蜜蜂进化型遗传算法,用它来实现样本纹理块选择的全局优化,解决纹理合成出现的菱形接缝问题,提高了Wang Tile集的质量,加快了合成速度。通过实验得到了理想的合成效果。

  10. 王维辋川诗意象解读*%The Illustration of the Images of Wang Wei's Wang Chuan Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈明英

    2013-01-01

    王维辋川诗意象的营造是他追求纯真高洁的审美理想,融合在自然美之中的结晶。诗人能辩证地处理意象的虚实、动静、主次、繁简的关系,精致地描绘山林幽美清空的空灵之境,使言外之旨、象外之趣包含在精炼的意象之中,王维乐隐林泉沉醉自然山水之情因他刻画的意象而跃然纸上。%The creation of images in Wang Wei's Wang Chuan poems is his aesthetic ideal,which means the pursuit of purity and nobility and is fused in the natural beauty's crystallization.The poet can dialectically handle the relations between the empty and solid,act and quiet,primary and seconda-ry,complicatedness and simple of the image,can skillfully depicts the airy transcendence of the na-ture's beauty,and can present the implicated meaning and the fun beside the image in the refined ima-ges.Thus,Wang Wei's love of nature has been expressed vividly for his application of images.

  11. A Comparative Study of Of Studies and Wang Zuoliang’s Translated Version

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈健飞

    2014-01-01

    Of Studies is an important one in The Essays of Francis Bacon, of which words are concise and refining, reasoning is profound and logic. Wang Zuoliang’s translated version is so efficient and smooth with classical Chinese style that it perfectly re⁃veals the original text, turning out to be the best version among all the translation of Of Studies. This thesis compares Of Studies and Wang Zuoliang’s translated version to analyze their linguistic feature in terms of diction, sentence and figures of speech.

  12. Replica-exchange Wang Landau sampling: pushing the limits of Monte Carlo simulations in materials sciences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perera, Meewanage Dilina N [ORNL; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL; Vogel, Thomas [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens

    2015-01-01

    We describe the study of thermodynamics of materials using replica-exchange Wang Landau (REWL) sampling, a generic framework for massively parallel implementations of the Wang Landau Monte Carlo method. To evaluate the performance and scalability of the method, we investigate the magnetic phase transition in body-centered cubic (bcc) iron using the classical Heisenberg model parameterized with first principles calculations. We demonstrate that our framework leads to a significant speedup without compromising the accuracy and precision and facilitates the study of much larger systems than is possible with its serial counterpart.

  13. Aperiodic compression and reconstruction of real-world material systems based on Wang tiles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doškář, Martin; Novák, Jan; Zeman, Jan

    2014-12-01

    The paper presents a concept to compress and synthesize complex material morphologies that is based on Wang tilings. Specifically, a microstructure is stored in a set of Wang tiles and its reconstruction is performed by means of a stochastic tiling algorithm. A substantial part of the study is devoted to the setup of optimal parameters of the automatic tile design by means of parametric studies with statistical descriptors at heart. The performance of the method is demonstrated on four two-dimensional two-phase target systems, monodisperse media with hard and soft disks, sandstone, and high porosity metallic foam.

  14. Interface tension of the 3d 4-state Potts model using the Wang-Landau algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Hietanen, A

    2011-01-01

    We study the interface tension of the 4-state Potts model in three dimensions using the Wang- Landau algorithm. The interface tension is given by the ratio of the partition function with a twisted boundary condition in one direction and periodic boundary conditions in all other directions over the partition function with periodic boundary conditions in all directions. With the Wang-Landau algorithm we can explicitly calculate both partition functions and obtain the result for all temperatures. We find solid numerical evidence for perfect wetting. Our algorithm is tested by calculating thermodynamic quantities at the phase transition point.

  15. Wang Jinzhen Attended the Forum on Cooperation & Development between Yangtze River Delta and Baltic Sea Region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ On October 17,on behalf of CCPIT,Vice-Chairman Wang Jinzhen attended the opening ceremony of the 3rd Forum on Cooperation & Development between Yangtze River Delta Region of China and Baltic Sea Region of Europe,where he delivered a speech.

  16. Solution of the Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck equation for molecular hydrogen

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anikin, Yu. A.

    2017-06-01

    Molecular hydrogen is modeled by numerically solving the Wang Chang-Uhlenbeck equation. The differential scattering cross sections of molecules are calculated using the quantum mechanical scattering theory of rigid rotors. The collision integral is computed by applying a fully conservative projection method. Numerical results for relaxation, heat conduction, and a one-dimensional shock wave are presented.

  17. Investigation and Research on the Biographical Date of Wang Zhonglin%王锺霖考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    齐在莒

    2016-01-01

    Aiming at some errors and biased opinions in the research of Wang Zhonglin’s life in recently published articles,the paper provides some new testimonies and arguments.%文章针对新近发表的论文中有关王锺霖研究的疏率及偏颇进行考证辨析。

  18. Symposium on the Occassion of 70th Birthday of Juwen Wang : High Gradient Accelerating Structure

    CERN Document Server

    2015-01-01

    This proceedings volume, for the symposium in honor of Junwen Wang's 70th anniversary, is dedicated to his many important achievements in the field of accelerator physics.It includes the discussions of recent advances and challenging problems in the field of high gradient accelerating structure development.

  19. PhD Wang Xingchu,A Successful Leader of A High-tech Company Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

      PhD Wang Xingchu was born in 1962. He is the Board Chairman of Shanghai Biotechnology Industrial Garden Coalition Development Co., Ltd. and the General Manager of Shanghai Hua Xin High-Biotechnology Co., Ltd.……

  20. Dynamically optimized Wang-Landau sampling with adaptive trial moves and modification factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Yang Wei; Lee, Hwee Kuan; Okabe, Yutaka

    2013-11-01

    The density of states of continuous models is known to span many orders of magnitudes at different energies due to the small volume of phase space near the ground state. Consequently, the traditional Wang-Landau sampling which uses the same trial move for all energies faces difficulties sampling the low-entropic states. We developed an adaptive variant of the Wang-Landau algorithm that very effectively samples the density of states of continuous models across the entire energy range. By extending the acceptance ratio method of Bouzida, Kumar, and Swendsen such that the step size of the trial move and acceptance rate are adapted in an energy-dependent fashion, the random walker efficiently adapts its sampling according to the local phase space structure. The Wang-Landau modification factor is also made energy dependent in accordance with the step size, enhancing the accumulation of the density of states. Numerical simulations show that our proposed method performs much better than the traditional Wang-Landau sampling.

  1. 王昌龄诗歌的用典分析%Allusions in Poems by Wang Chang-ling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张妮

    2015-01-01

    Wang Chang ling was popular in Tang Dynasty because of his poems, especially frontier poems, boudoir poems, farewell poems. This paper analyses allusions in poems by Wang Chang ling, and try to investigate Wang Chang ling's knowledge structure and the influence on Wang's personality. Then we can make a discussion on the characteristic of Wang's allusions.%“诗家夫子”王昌龄在盛唐颇享盛誉﹐以其边塞诗、闺怨诗、送行诗为后人所称道﹐本文将从王昌龄诗歌所用的典故情况出发﹐探讨王昌龄的知识结构及其对王昌龄思想个性的影响﹐从而得出王昌龄诗歌的用典特点。

  2. 论王维山水诗的审美特点%The aesthetic characteristics of Wang Wei's landscape poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟; 和磊

    2015-01-01

    Wang Wei, Mo Jie , the population lay people, is known as"Wang You Cheng", he 's the famous Tang Dynasty poet, painter. This paper will quote the concrete poetry text of Wang Wei's landscape poems, and borrow the concepts for aesthetic category to the analysis and the elaboration of Wang Wei's landscape poems poetry aesthetic characteristics. The main purpose is to absorb and expand the using of Ultra utilitarian aesthetic mentality in Wang Wei's landscape poetry.%以王维山水诗的具体诗作为文本,借于审美范畴,阐述、分析王维山水诗篇创作的审美特点,挖掘展现王维山水诗创作上的超功利审美心态。

  3. Retraction Statement: 'MicroRNA-218 increases cellular sensitivity to Rapamycin via targeting Rictor in cervical cancer' by Li J, Wang J, Wang Y, Qiu H.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-01

    The above article from APMIS, published online on 24 April 2015 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) and in Volume 123, pp. 562-570, has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editors in Chief, Professors Bodil Norrild, Ben Vainer and Elisabeth Ralfkiaer, and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. The article has been retracted due to errors in the reported results. In this study, the authors used HeLa and SiHa cell lines to investigate the biological roles of miR-218. However, subsequently it emerged that the two cell lines were contaminated in the laboratory by other unknown cell lines. When repeating the experiments, it was found that the functions of miR-218 were not as significant as had been previously reported, especially its effects on rapamycin sensitivity. Reference Li J, Li X, Wang J, Wang Y, Qiu H. MicroRNA-218 increases cellular sensitivity to Rapamycin via targeting Rictor in cervical cancer. APMIS 2015; 123:562-570. doi: 10.1111/apm.12387.

  4. Forgeability of Wang-Zhu-Feng-Yau's Attribute-Based Signature with Policy-and-Endorsement Mechanism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ai-Jun Ge; Xin-Yi Huang; Cheng Chen; Chuan-Gui Ma; Rui Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Recently,Wang et al.presented a new construction of attribute-based signature with policy-and-endorsement mechanism.The existential unforgeability of their scheme was claimed to be based on the strong Diffie-Hellman assumption in the random oracle model.Unfortunately,by carefully revisiting the design and security proof of Wang et al.'s scheme,we show that their scheme cannot provide unforgeability,namely,a forger,whose attributes do not satisfy a given signing predicate,can also generate valid signatures.We also point out the flaws in Wang et al.'s proof.

  5. Vice President Wang Jie Meets with CEO of Academy of Malaysia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Prof. WangJie, Vice President of NSFCmet with Prof. Ahmadlbrahim, CEO of Academy of Malay- sia (ASM) on l)ecember 5th, 2012. Prof. Wang extended his welcome to the guest, reviewed the exchan- ges and communications during the IIASA Council Meeting and introduced about China's S~,.T system . Prof. Zou l.iyao, Deputy Director General of Bureau of International Cooperation gavea briefing on NSFC and its international cooperation. Prof. Ahmad showed great interest in that and indicated Malaysia is also considering setting up its own science foundation. Apart from thal, the two sides held discussions on the channel for Chinese and Malaysian scientists to cooperate and other S&-T issues of common concern.

  6. [Experience summary of professor WANG Fuchun's "Zhenjing Anshen" acupuncture method for insomnia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Tie; Ha, Lijuan; Cao, Fang; Zhi, Mujun; Wang, Fuchun

    2015-11-01

    The experience of "Zhenjing Anshen" acupuncture method originally created by professor WANG Fuchun for treatment of insomnia was introduced in this paper. From aspects of insomnia pathogenesis, theoretical foundation, characteristics of acupoint selection, needing methods, needing time, etc., the experience of Professor WANG Fuchun for treatment of insomnia was explained. The "Zhenjing Anshen" acupuncture method proposed, for the first time, "new three layers" method of acupoint selection, including Sishencong (EX-HN 1), Shenmen (HT 7), Sanyinjiao (SP 6). This method presents the principles of acupoint selection along meridian, acupoint selection based on essence-qi-spirit, harmony of yin and yang. The acupuncture manipulation is emphasized, and treating time (the period of the day from 3 pm to 5 pm) is focused on; acupoint selection is simple but essential, and acupoint combination is scientific, which receives notable therapeutic effect in clinic.

  7. Wang-Landau molecular dynamics technique to search for low-energy conformational space of proteins

    CERN Document Server

    Nagasima, Takehiro; Mitsui, Takashi; Nishikawa, Ken-Ichi

    2007-01-01

    Multicanonical molecular dynamics (MD) is a powerful technique for sampling conformations on rugged potential surfaces such as protein. However, it is notoriously difficult to estimate the multicanonical temperature effectively. Wang and Landau developed a convenient method for estimating the density of states based on a multicanonical Monte Carlo method. In their method, the density of states is calculated autonomously during a simulation. In this paper we develop a set of techniques to effectively apply the Wang-Landau method to MD simulations. In the multicanonical MD, the estimation of the derivative of the density of states is critical. In order to estimate it accurately, we devise two original improvements. First, the correction for the density of states is made smooth by using the Gaussian distribution obtained by a short canonical simulation. Second, an approximation is applied to the derivative, which is based on the Gaussian distribution and the multiple weighted histogram technique. A test of this ...

  8. Analysis of Thunderstorm (Act Ⅲ)——A Translation by Wang Zuoliang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康丛凌

    2008-01-01

    @@ Ⅰ. Introduction Thunderstorm written by Cao Yu in 1934 is a masterpiece in the history of Chinese literature. This drama depicts the love and hate between eight people, reflecting a tragic scene of the decline of a rich family in the feudal society. As a splendid treasure of Chinese literature,Thunderstorm was translated into English in 1958 by Wang Zuoliang and A. C. Barnes whose translation is regarded as a great work in the perspective of translating practice.

  9. Wang-Landau sampling in face-centered-cubic hydrophobic-hydrophilic lattice model proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Jingfa; Song, Beibei; Yao, Yonglei; Xue, Yu; Liu, Wenjie; Liu, Zhaoxia

    2014-10-01

    Finding the global minimum-energy structure is one of the main problems of protein structure prediction. The face-centered-cubic (fcc) hydrophobic-hydrophilic (HP) lattice model can reach high approximation ratios of real protein structures, so the fcc lattice model is a good choice to predict the protein structures. The lacking of an effective global optimization method is the key obstacle in solving this problem. The Wang-Landau sampling method is especially useful for complex systems with a rough energy landscape and has been successfully applied to solving many optimization problems. We apply the improved Wang-Landau (IWL) sampling method, which incorporates the generation of an initial conformation based on the greedy strategy and the neighborhood strategy based on pull moves into the Wang-Landau sampling method to predict the protein structures on the fcc HP lattice model. Unlike conventional Monte Carlo simulations that generate a probability distribution at a given temperature, the Wang-Landau sampling method can estimate the density of states accurately via a random walk, which produces a flat histogram in energy space. We test 12 general benchmark instances on both two-dimensional and three-dimensional (3D) fcc HP lattice models. The lowest energies by the IWL sampling method are as good as or better than those of other methods in the literature for all instances. We then test five sets of larger-scale instances, denoted by the S, R, F90, F180, and CASP target instances on the 3D fcc HP lattice model. The numerical results show that our algorithm performs better than the other five methods in the literature on both the lowest energies and the average lowest energies in all runs. The IWL sampling method turns out to be a powerful tool to study the structure prediction of the fcc HP lattice model proteins.

  10. Exploring new frontiers in statistical physics with a new, parallel Wang-Landau framework

    CERN Document Server

    Vogel, Thomas; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2013-01-01

    Combining traditional Wang-Landau sampling for multiple replica systems with an exchange of densities of states between replicas, we describe a general framework for simulations on massively parallel Petaflop supercomputers. The advantages and general applicability of the method for simulations of complex systems are demonstrated for the classical 2D Potts spin model featuring a strong first-order transition and the self-assembly of lipid bilayers in amphiphilic solutions in a continuous model.

  11. Exploring new frontiers in statistical physics with a new, parallel Wang-Landau framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas; Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2014-03-01

    Combining traditional Wang-Landau sampling for multiple replica systems with an exchange of densities of states between replicas, we describe a general framework for simulations on massively parallel Petaflop supercomputers. The advantages and general applicability of the method for simulations of complex systems are demonstrated for the classical 2D Potts spin model featuring a strong first-order transition and the self-assembly of lipid bilayers in amphiphilic solutions in a continuous model.

  12. A generic, hierarchical framework for massively parallel Wang-Landau sampling

    CERN Document Server

    Vogel, Thomas; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2013-01-01

    We introduce a parallel Wang-Landau method based on the replica-exchange framework for Monte Carlo simulations. To demonstrate its advantages and general applicability for simulations of complex systems, we apply it to different spin models including spin glasses, the Ising model and the Potts model, lattice protein adsorption, and the self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions. Without loss of accuracy, the method gives significant speed-up and potentially scales up to petaflop machines.

  13. Becoming an International Scientist in South Korea: Ho Wang Lee's Research Activity about Epidemic Hemorrhagic Fever.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Miyoung

    2017-04-01

    In the 1960-70s, South Korea was still in the position of a science latecomer. Although the scientific research environment in South Korea at that time was insufficient, there was a scientist who achieved outcomes that could be recognized internationally while acting in South Korea. He was Ho Wang Lee(1928~ ) who found Hantann Virus that causes epidemic hemorrhagic fever for the first time in the world. It became a clue to identify causative viruses of hemorrhagic diseases that were scattered here and there throughout the world. In addition, these outcomes put Ho Wang Lee on the global center of research into epidemic hemorrhagic fever. This paper examines how a Korean scientist who was in the periphery of virology could go into the central area of virology. Also this article shows the process through which the virus found by Ho Wang Lee was registered with the international academia and he proceeded with follow-up research based on this progress to reach the level at which he generalized epidemic hemorrhagic fever related studies throughout the world. While he was conducting the studies, experimental methods that he had never experienced encountered him as new difficulties. He tried to solve the new difficulties faced in his changed status through devices of cooperation and connection. Ho Wang Lee's growth as a researcher can be seen as well as a view of a researcher that grew from a regional level to an international level and could advance from the area of non-mainstream into the mainstream. This analytic tool is meaningful in that it can be another method of examining the growth process of scientists in South Korea or developing countries.

  14. Exploring new frontiers in statistical physics with a new, parallel Wang-Landau framework

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vogel, Thomas [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2014-01-01

    Combining traditional Wang Landau sampling for multiple replica systems with an exchange of densities of states between replicas we describe a general framework for simulations on massively parallel Petaflop supercomputers. The advantages and general applicability of the method for simulations of complex systems are demonstrated for the classical 2D Potts spin model featuring a strong first-order transition and the self-assembly of lipid bilayers in amphiphilic solutions in a continuous model.

  15. The ABCs of Chinese Pop: Wang Leehom and the Marketing of a Global Chinese Celebrity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grace Wang

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available How did singer Wang Leehom, a Chinese American raised in the suburbs of New York, end up becoming one of the industry heavyweights of Mandopop (Mandarin-language pop music? This essay uses Wang as a case study to investigate how discourses of race, market, and belonging are reworked in global contexts. Drawing on Sau-ling Wong’s theoretical insights on transnational processes of race, citizenship, and belonging, it argues that Wang capitalizes on a fluid dynamic of sameness and difference to appeal to a heterogeneous Chinese-speaking audience that stretches across China to Taiwan, Hong Kong, Southeast Asia, and the greater Chinese diaspora. Through an examination of the racial and national contexts that frame Wang’s participation in Mandopop, this essay analyzes the particular calibrations of Chineseness that emerge from the singer’s music and public image and the imperfect translation of identities such as Chinese American, Chinese diasporic, and Chinese across diverse linguistic and national communities.

  16. Highly parallel computational study of amphiphilic molecules using the Wang--Landau method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogel, Thomas; Landau, David

    2012-02-01

    The self-assembly process in amphiphilic solutions is a phenomenon of broad interest. Molecular dynamics simulations generally used to study micelle formation or lipid layer assembly in an explicit solvent are limited in time scale. Vast studies of structure formation processes via standard Markov-chain based Monte Carlo simulations are challenging, but the Wang--Landau method [1] provides a way to efficiently study such systems in a generalized thermodynamic ensemble. This makes it possible, for example, to get results over a broad temperature range from a single simulation. In an attempt to develop highly parallel applications using this method, we study the thermodynamic behavior of a generic coarse-grained model for amphiphilic molecules [2] as well as of a new coarse-grained lipid model specifically designed for dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) [3]. Here, we focus on the design and the performance of our parallel Wang--Landau simulation on multi-CPU and GPU systems.[4pt] [1] F. Wang and D.P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2050 (2001)[0pt] [2] S. Fujiwara et al., J. Chem. Phys. 130, 144901 (2009)[0pt] [3] W. Shinoda et al., J. Phys. Chem. B 114, 6836 (2010)

  17. Exploring Replica-Exchange Wang-Landau sampling in higher-dimensional parameter space

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valentim, Alexandra; Rocha, Julio C. S.; Tsai, Shan-Ho; Li, Ying Wai; Eisenbach, Markus; Fiore, Carlos E.; Landau, David P.

    2015-09-01

    We considered a higher-dimensional extension for the replica-exchange Wang- Landau algorithm to perform a random walk in the energy and magnetization space of the two-dimensional Ising model. This hybrid scheme combines the advantages of Wang-Landau and Replica-Exchange algorithms, and the one-dimensional version of this approach has been shown to be very efficient and to scale well, up to several thousands of computing cores. This approach allows us to split the parameter space of the system to be simulated into several pieces and still perform a random walk over the entire parameter range, ensuring the ergodicity of the simulation. Previous work, in which a similar scheme of parallel simulation was implemented without using replica exchange and with a different way to combine the result from the pieces, led to discontinuities in the final density of states over the entire range of parameters. From our simulations, it appears that the replica-exchange Wang-Landau algorithm is able to overcome this difficulty, allowing exploration of higher parameter phase space by keeping track of the joint density of states.

  18. Exploring Replica-Exchange Wang-Landau sampling in higher-dimensional parameter space

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valentim, Alexandra [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Rocha, Julio C. S. [Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais; Tsai, Shan-Ho [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Eisenbach, Markus [ORNL; Fiore, Carlos E [University of Sao Paulo, BRAZIL; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2015-01-01

    We considered a higher-dimensional extension for the replica-exchange Wang-Landau algorithm to perform a random walk in the energy and magnetization space of the two-dimensional Ising model. This hybrid scheme combines the advantages of Wang-Landau and Replica-Exchange algorithms, and the one-dimensional version of this approach has been shown to be very efficient and to scale well, up to several thousands of computing cores. This approach allows us to split the parameter space of the system to be simulated into several pieces and still perform a random walk over the entire parameter range, ensuring the ergodicity of the simulation. Previous work, in which a similar scheme of parallel simulation was implemented without using replica exchange and with a different way to combine the result from the pieces, led to discontinuities in the final density of states over the entire range of parameters. From our simulations, it appears that the replica-exchange Wang-Landau algorithm is able to overcome this diculty, allowing exploration of higher parameter phase space by keeping track of the joint density of states.

  19. Exploring Replica-Exchange Wang-Landau sampling in higher-dimensional parameter space

    CERN Document Server

    Valentim, Alexandra; Tsai, Shan-Ho; Li, Ying Wai; Eisenbach, Markus; Fiore, Carlos E; Landau, David P

    2015-01-01

    We considered a higher-dimensional extension for the replica-exchange Wang-Landau algorithm to perform a random walk in the energy and magnetization space of the two-dimensional Ising model. This hybrid scheme combines the advantages of Wang-Landau and Replica-Exchange algorithms, and the one-dimensional version of this approach has been shown to be very efficient and to scale well, up to several thousands of computing cores. This approach allows us to split the parameter space of the system to be simulated into several pieces and still perform a random walk over the entire parameter range, ensuring the ergodicity of the simulation. Previous work, in which a similar scheme of parallel simulation was implemented without using replica exchange and with a different way to combine the result from the pieces, led to discontinuities in the final density of states over the entire range of parameters. From our simulations, it appears that the replica-exchange Wang-Landau algorithm is able to overcome this difficulty,...

  20. Dynamical traps in Wang-Landau sampling of continuous systems: Mechanism and solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Yang Wei; Sim, Adelene Y L; Lee, Hwee Kuan

    2015-08-01

    We study the mechanism behind dynamical trappings experienced during Wang-Landau sampling of continuous systems reported by several authors. Trapping is caused by the random walker coming close to a local energy extremum, although the mechanism is different from that of the critical slowing-down encountered in conventional molecular dynamics or Monte Carlo simulations. When trapped, the random walker misses the entire or even several stages of Wang-Landau modification factor reduction, leading to inadequate sampling of the configuration space and a rough density of states, even though the modification factor has been reduced to very small values. Trapping is dependent on specific systems, the choice of energy bins, and the Monte Carlo step size, making it highly unpredictable. A general, simple, and effective solution is proposed where the configurations of multiple parallel Wang-Landau trajectories are interswapped to prevent trapping. We also explain why swapping frees the random walker from such traps. The efficacy of the proposed algorithm is demonstrated.

  1. into an International One——An interview with Mr. Wang Shengchang,Secretary General of CIETAC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    2004 is a summit year for the work of international arbitration. In confonnity with the requests of domestic and international readers, we have made an exclusive interview with Mr. Wang Shengchang, PH.D in Laws, Secretary General of China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission. Mr. Wang has made a review and summary of the Chinese arbitration work in 2003, meanwhile, he prospects for the development of the Chinese arbitration work in 2004.

  2. The Analysis of Translator’s Subjectivity in WANG Zuo-liang’s Chinese Translation of Beauty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐月燕

    2013-01-01

    WANG Zuo-liang is a famous writer and translator in china. He is best well known for his translation of Of Studies, while the research of his translated version Of Beauty and the research of translator’s subjectivity remain seldom. Therefore, this paper tries to analyze the application of translator’s subjectivity in the Chinese version of Of Beauty translated by WANG Zuo-li-ang.

  3. 也谈王莽改地名%On Wang Mang's Toponym Revision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何畏

    2012-01-01

    王莽改地名幅度很大,但仍只占全国地名系统的小部分,是州改名合理性、郡改名复杂性与县改名混乱性相结合的复杂事件,不能简单论断。王莽改地名体现出不平衡性,在层级上主要集中在郡,在地域上北多南少,西多东少。改名与命名是有区分的,这两者都是王莽整体执政方案的一部分,主观上有通盘考虑,而改名是施政需要与“应经”擅改的结合,是进步性与危害性的结合。%The place names which were revised by Wang Mang only account for a small portion of the toponym system, though he revised toponym greatly. What Wang Mang has done integrates the rationality of Zhou's, the complexity, of Jun's and the Chaos of Xian's revision, and can not be estimated simply. The revision is imbalance and concentrated on Jun. The Northern and the westem areas are widely involved, while the southem and eastern areas are relatively less involved. Toponym revision and nominating are different and parts of overall ruling scheme, which reflect file comprehensive consideration. Wang Mang's toponym revision reflects the combination of administration demand and farfetched arbitrary modifying, and the integration of evolution and harmfulness.

  4. 王茂荫的货币观%On Wang Maoyin's Pointview of Currency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董建新

    2012-01-01

    In the first year of Xianfeng ( 1851 ), Wang Maoyin presented a memorial to the throne with the Report on Currency, and suggested the Qing royal court to issue money to solve the financial difficulty. Again he presented a memorial to the throne with the Second Report on Currency, and stood for exchanging the official bank notes issued by the Ministry of Revenue and the treasured money issued by the Qing royal court for the money of credit, in order to stop the inflation and money devaluation. Wang Maoyin considered that paper money was false and silver was solid, putting forward the currency standpoint as being solid for false. Wang Maoyin opposed casting large - valued coins, especially the ones more than 50 be cause he thought that large - valued coins just meant taking falseness as solidness:%王茂荫在咸丰元年(1851年)上《条议钞法折》,建议清廷发钞以解决财政困难,又在咸丰四年(1854年)上《再议钞法折》,主张对新发行的户部官票和大清宝钞兑现银两,成为信用货币,制止已经发生的通货贬值。他认为“纸虚银实”,提出了“以实运虚”的货币观点。王茂荫反对铸大钱,尤其反对铸当五十以上的大钱,认为大钱“以虚作实”“似实而虚”。

  5. Literature Review of Wang Shih-chieh%王世杰研究述评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘星

    2013-01-01

    Wang Shih-chieh has played an important role in academia,education,political and diplomatic circles,and many other areas in Republic of China.In recent years,with the publication of Wang Shih-chieh's Diaries,scholars began to give more attention to Wang and research achievements on him gradually increased.Among them,the most interesting part is the relations between him and political and diplomatic affairs of the Republic of China.The main purpose of this article is to review and summarize related research achievements and analyzes the current research status.%王世杰是一位在民国学术、教育、政治、外交界等多领域均发挥过重要作用和影响的人物。近年来随着《王世杰日记》的出版,学界对他的关注和研究逐渐增多,其中人们尤为感兴趣的是他与民国政治、外交之间的关系。对与王世杰相关的研究成果进行梳理,对当前的研究现状加以总结,在一定程度上有助于深化对王世杰本人,以及民国政治史、外交史的认识。

  6. Security analysis of boolean algebra based on Zhang-Wang digital signature scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Jinbin

    2014-10-01

    In 2005, Zhang and Wang proposed an improvement signature scheme without using one-way hash function and message redundancy. In this paper, we show that this scheme exits potential safety concerns through the analysis of boolean algebra, such as bitwise exclusive-or, and point out that mapping is not one to one between assembly instructions and machine code actually by means of the analysis of the result of the assembly program segment, and which possibly causes safety problems unknown to the software.

  7. Security analysis of boolean algebra based on Zhang-Wang digital signature scheme

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Jinbin, E-mail: jbzheng518@163.com [School of Mathematics and Computer Science, Long Yan University, Longyan 364012 (China)

    2014-10-06

    In 2005, Zhang and Wang proposed an improvement signature scheme without using one-way hash function and message redundancy. In this paper, we show that this scheme exits potential safety concerns through the analysis of boolean algebra, such as bitwise exclusive-or, and point out that mapping is not one to one between assembly instructions and machine code actually by means of the analysis of the result of the assembly program segment, and which possibly causes safety problems unknown to the software.

  8. In Memory of Professor WANG Ying-Lai%怀念王应睐教授

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林其谁; 李伯良

    2001-01-01

    @@Professor WANG Ying-Lai,world-renowned biochemist and a member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences,passed away at 19:10,May 5,2001 resulting from an incurable disease.Since then,the Chinese Communist Party has lost an outstanding member struggling all his life for the development of science in China.The scientific communities in China have lost an outstanding scientist enjoying world prestige.His colleagues and students have lost a valuable friend and good teacher.Today,although he has left us,his scientific achievement and noble morality will be engraved on our mind forever.

  9. [Analysis on professor WANG Juyi's crevice theory from Tao Teh King].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Lu; Wang, Juyi

    2015-10-01

    The crevice theory proposed by professor WANG Juyi is analyzed in this article. In the crevice theory, it is believed that the meridians are located among "skin, pulse, flesh, tendon and bone", and the crevice is the path for the transportation of qi-blood and body fluid in the body, which is the essential condition for vital movement. This is in agreement with the idea of "action through inaction" from Tao Teh King. Based on crevice theory, the abnormalities of meridians can reflex the deficiency and excess of diseases, and regulating meridians is a significant way to treat diseases, and maintaining smooth meridian is important for healthcare.

  10. An L1-script-transfer-effect fallacy: a rejoinder to Wang et al. (2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Jun

    2004-09-01

    Do different L1 (first language) writing systems differentially affect word identification in English as a second language (ESL)? Wang, Koda, and Perfetti [Cognition 87 (2003) 129] answered yes by examining Chinese students with a logographic L1 background and Korean students with an alphabetic L1 background for their phonological and orthographic processing skills on English word identification. Such a conclusion is premature, however. We propose that the L1 phonological system (rather than the L1 writing system) of the learner largely accounts for cognitive processes in learning to read a second language (L2).

  11. Two Parallel Swendsen-Wang Cluster Algorithms Using Message-Passing Paradigm

    CERN Document Server

    Lin, Shizeng

    2008-01-01

    In this article, we present two different parallel Swendsen-Wang Cluster(SWC) algorithms using message-passing interface(MPI). One is based on Master-Slave Parallel Model(MSPM) and the other is based on Data-Parallel Model(DPM). A speedup of 24 with 40 processors and 16 with 37 processors is achieved with the DPM and MSPM respectively. The speedup of both algorithms at different temperature and system size is carefully examined both experimentally and theoretically, and a comparison of their efficiency is made. In the last section, based on these two parallel SWC algorithms, two parallel probability changing cluster(PCC) algorithms are proposed.

  12. Conodont index fossil Hindeodus changxingensis Wang fingers greatest mass extinction event

    Science.gov (United States)

    Metcalfe, I.; Nicoll, R.S.; Wardlaw, B.R.

    2007-01-01

    The marine conodont fossil species, Hindeodus changxingensis Wang, that has a distinctive morphology, is restricted to a very narrow stratigraphic interval essentially from the Permian-Triassic extinction event through the internationally recognized boundary and into the very earliest Triassic. The species is geographically widespread in the Tethyan Region, from Italy to South China, and serves as a characteristic index fossil to reliably identify this short but critical interval that encompasses the greatest mass extinction of life on earth and the boundary between the Paleozoic and Mesozoic Eras. ?? 2007 Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology, CAS.

  13. Vice President Wang Jie Met with Vice President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan Yingjie

    2008-01-01

    @@ Prof.Wang Jie,NSFC Vice President,met with Prof.Tariq Durrani,Vice President of the Royal Society of Edinburgh,on May 21,2008.They held talks on issues concerning bilateral workshops and joint projects to be funded in 2009,and agreed upon the areas to launch the joint call for proposals,as well as deadlines for proposal submission and approval.Prof.Zhang Wei,Deputy Director General of the Department of Management Science,and other NSFC staff attended the meeting.

  14. Wang-Landau algorithm for continuous models and joint density of states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Chenggang; Schulthess, T C; Torbrügge, Stefan; Landau, D P

    2006-03-31

    We present a modified Wang-Landau algorithm for models with continuous degrees of freedom. We demonstrate this algorithm with the calculation of the joint density of states of ferromagnet Heisenberg models and a model polymer chain. The joint density of states contains more information than the density of states of a single variable-energy, but is also much more time consuming to calculate. We present strategies to significantly speed up this calculation for large systems over a large range of energy and order parameter.

  15. Protein folding of the H0P model: A parallel Wang-Landau study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shi, Guangjie [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Wuest, Thomas [ETH Zurich, Switzerland; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2015-01-01

    We propose a simple modication to the hydrophobic-polar (HP) protein model, by introducing a new type of monomer, "0", with intermediate hydrophobicity of some amino acids between H and P. With the replica-exchange Wang-Landau sampling method, we investigate some widely studied HP sequences as well as their H0P counterparts and observe that the H0P sequences exhibit dramatically reduced ground state degeneracy and more signicant transition signals at low temperature for some thermodynamic properties, such as the specific heat.

  16. A Wang-Landau study of the phase transitions in a flexible homopolymer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaton, D. T.; Wüst, T.; Landau, D. P.

    2009-04-01

    Using Wang-Landau sampling we study the characteristic behavior of a flexible homopolymer (off-lattice) for chain lengths up to N=300. The Hamiltonian consists of a Lennard-Jones potential between all monomers, and an additional FENE potential between bonded monomers. From the resultant density of states, we calculate thermodynamic properties for a wide range of temperatures, including low temperatures that are inaccessible to traditional Monte Carlo algorithms. Peaks in the specific heat and radius of gyration indicate the coil-globule and solid-liquid transitions. With a careful implementation of the algorithm, we find no evidence of a liquid-liquid transition.

  17. Wang-Landau Algorithm for Continuous Models and Joint Density of States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Chenggang; Schulthess, T. C.; Torbrügge, Stefan; Landau, D. P.

    2006-03-01

    We present a modified Wang-Landau algorithm for models with continuous degrees of freedom. We demonstrate this algorithm with the calculation of the joint density of states of ferromagnet Heisenberg models and a model polymer chain. The joint density of states contains more information than the density of states of a single variable-energy, but is also much more time consuming to calculate. We present strategies to significantly speed up this calculation for large systems over a large range of energy and order parameter.

  18. Conformational transitions of a confined lattice protein: A Wang-Landau study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattanasiri, Busara; Li, Ying Wai; Landau, David P.; Wüst, Thomas; Triampo, Wannapong

    2012-12-01

    We use Wang-Landau sampling with suitable Monte Carlo trial moves to study a hydrophobic-polar (HP) lattice protein confined between two parallel, attractive walls. The density of states is determined iteratively by a random walk in energy space. Thermodynamic and structural properties, such as specific heat, number of surface contacts and number of H-H monomer pairs, are then calculated. When the surface attraction is comparable to the internal attraction among the hydrophobic monomers in the chain, two conformational “transitions”, adsorption at higher temperature and collapse at lower temperature, have been analyzed based on these properties. This transition behavior depends on the variation of surface separation.

  19. Two-Dimensional Wang-Landau Sampling of AN Asymmetric Ising Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Shan-Ho; Wang, Fugao; Landau, D. P.

    We study the critical endpoint behavior of an asymmetric Ising model with two- and three-body interactions on a triangular lattice, in the presence of an external field. We use a two-dimensional Wang-Landau sampling method to determine the density of states for this model. An accurate density of states allowed us to map out the phase diagram accurately and observe a clear divergence of the curvature of the spectator phase boundary and of the derivative of the magnetization coexistence diameter near the critical endpoint, in agreement with previous theoretical predictions.

  20. Unraveling the Beautiful Complexity of Simple Lattice Model Polymers and Proteins Using Wang-Landau Sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wüst, T.; Li, Y. W.; Landau, D. P.

    2011-08-01

    We describe a class of "bare bones" models of homopolymers which undergo coil-globule collapse and proteins which fold into their native states in free space or into denatured states when captured by an attractive substrate as the temperature is lowered. We then show how, with the use of a properly chosen trial move set, Wang-Landau Monte Carlo sampling can be used to study the rough free energy landscape and ground (native) states of these intriguingly simple systems and thus elucidate their thermodynamic complexity.

  1. Determination of the conformal-field-theory central charge by the Wang-Landau algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belov, P. A.; Nazarov, A. A.; Sorokin, A. O.

    2017-06-01

    We present a simple method to estimate the central charge of the conformal field theory corresponding to a critical point of a two-dimensional lattice model from Monte Carlo simulations. The main idea is to use the Wang-Landau flat-histogram algorithm, which allows us to obtain the free energy of a lattice model on a torus as a function of torus radii. The central charge is calculated with good precision from a free-energy scaling at the critical point. We apply the method to the Ising, tricritical Ising (Blume-Capel), Potts, and site-diluted Ising models, and we also discuss an estimation of the conformal weights.

  2. Effect of "Deqi" during the Study of Needling "Wang's Jiaji" Acupoints Treating Spasticity after Stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huanqin; Liu, Huilin; Liu, Cunzhi; Shi, Guangxia; Zhou, Wei; Zhao, Chengmei; Zhang, Tao; Wang, Xuefei; Wang, Guiling; Zhao, Yin; Sun, Jingqing; Wang, Jing; Wang, Linpeng

    2014-01-01

    Background. Acupuncture has been shown to reduce spasticity and prevent the onset of spasticity after stroke. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of "Deqi" during needling "Wang's Jiaji" acupoints treating spasticity in the early stage of stroke. Methods. This study is a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. 238 patients with stroke (Deqi" while the sham-acupuncture group received sham acupuncture without "Deqi." Patients in both groups followed the same 30 min acupuncture regimen 5 times per week for a period of 4 weeks. Scales of MAS, FMA, ADL, MBI, NIHSS, SS-QOL, and MRS were measured at baseline and at 2, 4, and 12 weeks after intervention. Results. Significant differences were observed between two groups. The MRS rating composition has the statistical difference after 4 weeks (P = 0.017). The score of MAS, FMA, Barthel, and SSQOL in verum-acupuncture group has increased significantly compared with the sham-acupuncture group after 12 weeks. There was 14% reduction of higher muscle tension in the verum-acupuncture group. Conclusion. Acupuncture "Wang's Jiaji" points with sensation of "Deqi" in the early stage may reduce the occurrence and decrease the severity of spasticity after stroke.

  3. Replica-exchange Wang-Landau simulations of the H0P model of protein folding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Guangjie; Landau, David P.; Wüst, Thomas; Li, Ying Wai Li

    2015-03-01

    The hydrophobic-polar (HP) model has served as a coarse-grained lattice protein folding model attracting scientists from various disciplines. However, simplification into H and P monomers may yield high ground state degeneracies which stands in contrast to the generally unique native states of natural proteins. We propose a simple modification, by introducing a new type of ``neutral'' monomer, 0, i.e. neither hydrophobic nor polar, rendering the model more realistic without increasing the difficulties of sampling significantly. With the newly developed parallel Wang-Landau (replica exchange Wang-Landau) scheme and an innovative method of estimating the ground state degeneracies, we investigated some widely studied HP proteins and their H0P counterparts. Dramatic differences in ground state and thermodynamic properties have been observed, e.g. the estimation of ground state degeneracy for the 46mer is 460,000 for the HP version and only 20 for the H0P mapping. Similarly, the specific heat and structural properties: radius of gyration and etc. show more pronounced signals associated with folding. Supported by NSF.

  4. Constrained fuzzy predictive control based on Wang-Mendel model%基于Wang-Mendel模型的有约束模糊预测控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立; 高宪文; 李申明; 赵娟平; 王介生

    2010-01-01

    为解决多输入系统Wang-Mendel(WM)建模过程中输入量取舍困难和未选用的输入量影响模型精度的问题,通过引入前一时刻输出作为当前时刻输入的一部分对WM建模方法进行了改进;在此基础上建立多步递推模糊预测模型.同时,为了减少有约束预测控制优化的求解时间,提出一种利用模糊控制器分担控制量及控制增量约束的模糊预测复合控制策略.通过对回转窑煅烧温度模型的仿真,验证了建模和控制方法的有效性.

  5. Fuzzy Rule Extraction by Fusing SOM and Wang-Mendel Method%融合自组织映射与Wang-Mendel方法的模糊规则提取

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    於东军; 谌贻华; 于海瑛

    2011-01-01

    To solve the problem that too many fuzzy rules may be extracted by the classic Wang-Mendel method,a novel rule extraction method which combines self-organizing map (SOM) and Wang-Mendel method is presented. Original samples are firstly learned by the SOM,and rules are further extracted from the codebook vectors of the learned SOM by the Wang-Mendel method. The proposed method decreases the number of the extracted rules and the time consumption because the codebook vectors of the learned SOM achieves the pattern distribution knowledge of the original samples and the number of the codebook vectors is far less than that of the original samples. Experimental results on chaotic time series prediction demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.%为解决经典Wang-Mendel方法提取模糊规则时得到的规则数目较多的问题,该文提出一个融合自组织映射(SOM)网络和Wang-Mendel方法的规则提取方案.利用SOM对原始样本进行学习,再使用Wang-Mendel方法从SOM的原型向量中提取规则.因为SOM的原型向量学习得到了原始样本的模式分布规律,并且原型向量的数量远小于原始学习样本的数量,所以该方法降低了提取的规则数目及耗费时间.有关混沌时间序列预测的实验结果表明了该文方法的有效性.

  6. Phase equilibria of molecular fluids via hybrid Monte Carlo Wang-Landau simulations: applications to benzene and n-alkanes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desgranges, Caroline; Delhommelle, Jerome

    2009-06-28

    In recent years, powerful and accurate methods, based on a Wang-Landau sampling, have been developed to determine phase equilibria. However, while these methods have been extensively applied to study the phase behavior of model fluids, they have yet to be applied to molecular systems. In this work, we show how, by combining hybrid Monte Carlo simulations in the isothermal-isobaric ensemble with the Wang-Landau sampling method, we determine the vapor-liquid equilibria of various molecular fluids. More specifically, we present results obtained on rigid molecules, such as benzene, as well as on flexible chains of n-alkanes. The reliability of the method introduced in this work is assessed by demonstrating that our results are in excellent agreement with the results obtained in previous work on simple fluids, using either transition matrix or conventional Monte Carlo simulations with a Wang-Landau sampling, and on molecular fluids, using histogram reweighting or Gibbs ensemble Monte Carlo simulations.

  7. Prof WANG Xiao-yun's Experience in Treating Climacteric Syndrome from the Pathogenesis of Kidney Deficiency and Liver Stagnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Ying; LIU Jian; WANG Xiao-yun

    2010-01-01

    @@ Prof. WANG Xiao-yun, a chief physician in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou TCM University (Guangdong Provincial Hospital of TCM), is a leading physician, professor, and the supervisor of doctoral students in the national key subject of TCM gynecology. Having been engaged in TCM gynecological clinical practice and scientific researches for about 30 years, Prof. WANG has obtained rich experience in the treatment of obstinate and miscellaneous diseases of gynecology, especially in the analysis of pathogenesis and differential treatment of climacteric syndrome.

  8. Nonequilibrium behaviors of the three-dimensional Heisenberg model in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonomura, Yoshihiko; Tomita, Yusuke

    2016-01-01

    Recently, it was shown [Y. Nonomura, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 83, 113001 (2014)JUPSAU0031-901510.7566/JPSJ.83.113001] that the nonequilibrium critical relaxation of the two-dimensional (2D) Ising model from a perfectly ordered state in the Wolff algorithm is described by stretched-exponential decay, and a universal scaling scheme was found to connect nonequilibrium and equilibrium behaviors. In the present study we extend these findings to vector spin models, and the 3D Heisenberg model could be a typical example. To evaluate the critical temperature and critical exponents precisely using the above scaling scheme, we calculate nonequilibrium ordering from the perfectly disordered state in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm, and we find that the critical ordering process is described by stretched-exponential growth with a comparable exponent to that of the 3D XY model. The critical exponents evaluated in the present study are consistent with those in previous studies.

  9. Nonequilibrium behaviors of the three-dimensional Heisenberg model in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonomura, Yoshihiko; Tomita, Yusuke

    2016-01-01

    Recently, it was shown [Y. Nonomura, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 83, 113001 (2014), 10.7566/JPSJ.83.113001] that the nonequilibrium critical relaxation of the two-dimensional (2D) Ising model from a perfectly ordered state in the Wolff algorithm is described by stretched-exponential decay, and a universal scaling scheme was found to connect nonequilibrium and equilibrium behaviors. In the present study we extend these findings to vector spin models, and the 3D Heisenberg model could be a typical example. To evaluate the critical temperature and critical exponents precisely using the above scaling scheme, we calculate nonequilibrium ordering from the perfectly disordered state in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm, and we find that the critical ordering process is described by stretched-exponential growth with a comparable exponent to that of the 3D X Y model. The critical exponents evaluated in the present study are consistent with those in previous studies.

  10. Collapse transitions in a flexible homopolymer chain: application of the Wang-Landau algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaton, D T; Wüst, T; Landau, D P

    2010-01-01

    The thermodynamic behavior of a continuous homopolymer is described using the Wang-Landau algorithm for chain lengths up to N=561. The coil-globule and liquid-solid transitions are analyzed in detail with traditional thermodynamic and structural quantities. The behavior of the coil-globule transition is well within theoretical and computational predictions for all chain lengths, while the behavior of the liquid-solid transition is much more susceptible to finite-size effects. Certain "magic number" lengths (N=13,55,147,309,561) , whose minimal energy states offer unique icosahedral geometries, are discussed along with chains residing between these special cases. The low temperature behavior near the liquid-solid transition is rich in structural transformations for certain chain lengths, showing many similarities to the behavior of classical clusters with similar interaction potentials. General comments are made on this size dependent behavior and how it affects transition behavior in this model.

  11. Characterizing folding funnels with replica exchange Wang-Landau simulation of lattice proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Guangjie; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2016-11-01

    We have studied the folding of ribonuclease A by mapping it onto coarse-grained lattice protein models. With replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling, we calculated the free energy vs end-to-end distance as a function of temperature. A mapping to the famous hydrophobic-polar (HP) model shows a relatively shallow folding funnel and flat free energy minimum, reflecting the high degeneracy of the ground state. In contrast, extending the HP model with an additional "neutral" monomer type (i.e., a mapping to the three-letter H0P model) has a well developed, rough free energy funnel with a low degeneracy ground state. In both cases, folding funnels are asymmetric with temperature dependent shape.

  12. Structural properties and thermodynamics of water clusters: a Wang-Landau study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Junqi; Landau, D P

    2011-02-21

    The temperature dependence of structural properties and thermodynamic behavior of water clusters has been studied using Wang-Landau sampling. Four potential models, simple point charge/extended (SPC/E), transferable intermolecular potential 3 point (TIP3P), transferable intermolecular potential 4 point (TIP4P), and Gaussian charge polarizable (GCP), are compared for ground states and properties at finite temperatures. Although the hydrogen bond energy and the distance of the nearest-neighbor oxygen pair are significantly different for TIP4P and GCP models, they approach to similar ground state structures and melting transition temperatures in cluster sizes we considered. Comparing with TIP3P, SPC/E model provides properties closer to that of TIP4P and GCP.

  13. Replica-exchange Wang-Landau simulations of the H0P lattice protein model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Guangjie; Wüst, Thomas; Li, Ying Wai; Landau, David P.

    The hydrophobic-polar (HP) lattice protein model has been the subject of intensive investigation in an effort to aid our understanding of protein folding. However, the high ground state degeneracies caused by its simplification stands in contrast to the generally unique native states of natural proteins. Here we proposed a simple modification, by introducing a new type of ``neutral'' monomer, 0, i.e. neither hydrophobic nor polar, thus rendering the model more realistic without increasing the difficulties of sampling significantly. With the replica exchange Wang-Landau (REWL) scheme we investigated several widely studied HP proteins and their H0P counterparts. Dramatic differences in both ground state and thermodynamic properties have been found. For example, the H0P version of Crambin shows more clear two-step folding and 3 order of magnitudes less ground state degeneracy than its HP counterpart. Supported by NSF.

  14. Thermodynamics and structural properties of a confined HP protein determined by Wang-Landau simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pattanasiri, Busara [Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand; Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Triampo, Wannapong [Mahidol University, Bangkok 10400, Thailand

    2013-01-01

    We used Wang-Landau sampling with inventive Monte Carlo moves to study the influence of surface characteristics on physical behavior of a hydrophobic-polar (HP) lattice protein model confined between two attractive surfaces. Three types of surfaces, namely, surfaces that attract: (a) all monomers; (b) only P monomers; or (c) only H monomers, have been considered. After obtaining the densities of states, we then found the thermodynamic and structural quantities, such as specific heat, number of surface contacts, and number of hydrophobic interaction pairs. A few conformational transitions , e.g., debridging process and hydrophobic core formation, can be identified based on an analysis of these quantities. Depending on the surface types, these transitions take place at different temperatures, while the ground state configurations show structural variations. These scenarios are confirmed by snapshots of typical states of the systems.

  15. Structural properties and thermodynamics of water clusters: A Wang-Landau study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Junqi; Landau, D. P.

    2011-02-01

    The temperature dependence of structural properties and thermodynamic behavior of water clusters has been studied using Wang-Landau sampling. Four potential models, simple point charge/extended (SPC/E), transferable intermolecular potential 3 point (TIP3P), transferable intermolecular potential 4 point (TIP4P), and Gaussian charge polarizable (GCP), are compared for ground states and properties at finite temperatures. Although the hydrogen bond energy and the distance of the nearest-neighbor oxygen pair are significantly different for TIP4P and GCP models, they approach to similar ground state structures and melting transition temperatures in cluster sizes we considered. Comparing with TIP3P, SPC/E model provides properties closer to that of TIP4P and GCP.

  16. Wang-Landau sampling of protein adsorption using the HP model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying-Wai; Landau, D. P.; Wuest, T.

    2011-03-01

    We have applied Wang-Landau sampling with appropriate trial moves to investigate the thermodynamics and structural properties of lattice hydrophobic-polar heteropolymers (commonly known as the HP protein model) interacting with an attractive substrate. We estimate the density of states of the system, from which the partition function and all thermodynamic quantities, e.g. specific heat, radius of gyration, end-to-end distance and surface contacts, can be calculated. ``Transitions'' between ``phases'' are then identified based on a comprehensive analysis of these observables. Generally speaking, three transition processes are observed: adsorption-desorption, collapse (formation of hydrophobic core), and ``flattening'' of adsorbed structures. These have been confirmed by ``snapshots'' of typical states of the system. Depending on the surface attractive strength, these transitions take place in different order upon cooling, giving rise to different thermodynamic behaviors. Such dependence of folding hierarchy on the surface attraction is found to be universal for different HP sequences. Research supported by NSF.

  17. Surface adsorption of lattice HP proteins: Thermodynamics and structural transitions using Wang-Landau sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying Wai; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2012-12-01

    Wang-Landau sampling has been applied to investigate the thermodynamics and structural properties of a lattice hydrophobic-polar heteropolymer (the HP protein model) interacting with an attractive substrate. For simplicity, we consider a short HP sequence consisting of only 36 monomers interacting with a substrate which attracts all monomers in the sequence. The conformational “phase transitions” have been identified by a canonical analysis of the specific heat and suitable structural observables. Three major “transitions”, namely, adsorption, hydrophobic core formation and “flattening” of adsorbed structures, are observed. Depending on the surface attractive strength relative to the intra-protein attraction among the H monomers, these processes take place in different sequences upon cooling.

  18. Collapse transitions in a flexible homopolymer chain: Application of the Wang-Landau algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seaton, D. T.; Wüst, T.; Landau, D. P.

    2010-01-01

    The thermodynamic behavior of a continuous homopolymer is described using the Wang-Landau algorithm for chain lengths up to N=561 . The coil-globule and liquid-solid transitions are analyzed in detail with traditional thermodynamic and structural quantities. The behavior of the coil-globule transition is well within theoretical and computational predictions for all chain lengths, while the behavior of the liquid-solid transition is much more susceptible to finite-size effects. Certain “magic number” lengths (N=13,55,147,309,561) , whose minimal energy states offer unique icosahedral geometries, are discussed along with chains residing between these special cases. The low temperature behavior near the liquid-solid transition is rich in structural transformations for certain chain lengths, showing many similarities to the behavior of classical clusters with similar interaction potentials. General comments are made on this size dependent behavior and how it affects transition behavior in this model.

  19. Characterizing folding funnels with replica exchange Wang-Landau simulation of lattice proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Guangjie; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2016-11-01

    We have studied the folding of ribonuclease A by mapping it onto coarse-grained lattice protein models. With replica exchange Wang-Landau sampling, we calculated the free energy vs end-to-end distance as a function of temperature. A mapping to the famous hydrophobic-polar (HP) model shows a relatively shallow folding funnel and flat free energy minimum, reflecting the high degeneracy of the ground state. In contrast, extending the HP model with an additional "neutral" monomer type (i.e., a mapping to the three-letter H0P model) has a well developed, rough free energy funnel with a low degeneracy ground state. In both cases, folding funnels are asymmetric with temperature dependent shape.

  20. Wang Jianbing’s View of Prose%王剑冰的散文视界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海燕

    2016-01-01

    Wang Jianbing has a unique vision. He always writes out elegant prose with his own spiritual track. Meanwhile,he is good at writing women and water from the perspective of character. In his prose,he writes the life of mountains and water and respects the original ecology of life. His writing perspective of character makes the prose with a sense of the scene and a sense of trust. Wang Jianbing focuses on writing the dialogue which at least has two perspectives. He pays more attention to the expression of ideas and makes every effort to touch history and the un-touched area of darkness through the sensitivity and power of thoughts. He is a writer with a strong stylish awareness and the art of poem and fiction is incorporated into his prose.%王剑冰有独特的视界,他总能写出属于他自己的眼睛看到的这一个,烙上了他心灵印迹的这一个;他擅长写女性和水,从人物的视野看山水,写山水里的人生,尊重生活的原生态,这种人物化的视角,更具有现场感和信任感;他注重写对话,他的对话至少是两种视角,他越来越重视思想的表达,以思想的敏感和力度去触及历史,触及那些无人触及的幽暗区域;他是一个很有文体意识的作家,他的散文作品融入了诗艺和小说艺术。

  1. 王拯非王鹏运之词师考论%A Textual Research on the Question that Wang Zheng was not the Word Teacher of Wang Pengyun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱存红

    2012-01-01

    The Ci's spirit and style of Ci poet have close relationship to their teachers' instruction in the process of Ci learning. In late Qing Dynasty, the famous Ci poet Wang Zheng was Wang Pengyun's elder relative. Wang Pengyun's mother was the niece of Wang Zheng. When Wang Bida, Pengyun's father, went to Beijing for the National Examination, he stayed in Zheng's home and was in frequent contact with Zheng. The research of the life trace of Zheng and Pengyun indicates that there was little possibility that the two men had met. Judging from the age Pengyun was learning Ci, even if they two met once, Pengyun is so young that he could only consult the skills of poems and articles, not Ci. Wang Zheng had died when Wang Pengyun began to learn Ci. According to the praise of Zheng's Ci by Pengyun, he could only be a disciple who had not taken lessons directly under Zheng in Ci learning.%词人在学词过程中受到何人的指点对词人的词学宗尚和词风的形成关系甚大。清代后期著名词人王拯是王鹏运的前辈亲戚。王鹏运之母为王拯外甥女,其父王必达进京应试时即住王拯家,并且与王拯交往颇多。从王拯与王鹏运二人生平行迹等来考察,二人见过面的可能性不大;从王鹏运学词年代来判断,即使二人见过面,王鹏运可能向王拯请教的也只能是诗文之道,王鹏运开始学词时王拯已去世。根据王鹏运对王拯词作的推崇,王鹏运可谓王拯的私淑词弟子。

  2. The Feelings of Twenty Pieces of Wang Wei’s Wang Chuan Collection%王维《辋川集》二十首的情感心态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁庆

    2015-01-01

    《辋川集》二十首是王维后期山水诗的代表作。王维身在朝廷却心存山野,亦官亦隐,纵情辋川山水寓情于诗文。这二十首诗语短情长,清幽空寂的诗境中包含着诗人特殊的情感心态,既有入世的惆怅迷惘,也有避世的幽寂孤独,还有忘世的潇洒愉悦。《辋川集》二十首,是王维仕隐复杂情感心态交织的集中写照。%Twenty pieces of Wang Chuan collection are the representative works of Wang Wei's later scenic poems. Wang Wei was in court but he still missed the wildness,being an official as well as a hermit,indulging in the landscape feeling in poetry. The twenty poems are short and concise,but with deep affection,quietness and loneliness implying in the poetic conception and containing the poet's abun⁃dant emotion. These poems not only have the world melancholy confusion,but also retire lonesome loneliness,and the feeling of forgetting about the world of freedom and pleasure. Twenty pieces of Wang Chuan collection is a concentrated reflection of the seclusion complex emotion and mood of Wang Wei as an official and a hermit.

  3. On Wang Yangming’s View of Sage%论王阳明的圣人观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳辉纯

    2016-01-01

    Buddhism,Taoism and Confucianism have an important influence on the formation of Wang Yangming’s “self sufficiency”based on “conscience”.The main content of his sage view is:the sage is the moral subject and the moral object,the unity of knowing and doing in the moral epistemology;the sage is the moral value carrier keep justice,and destroying human desires on moral behavior;the sage is self sufficient,has the most essential human nature in the moral cultivation.Saint of Wang Yangming’s view of the Confucian view of sage “self transcendence”,completed the Confucian view of sage from the“Temple”to “human”,from “Den”to “folk”the great transformation,to achieve a Confucian sage view of secular,popular and folk.%佛、道和儒家思想对形成王阳明以“良知”为基础的“吾性自足”的圣人观产生了重要影响。他的圣人观的主要内容是:在道德认识论上,圣人是道德主体和道德客体、知与行的统一;在道德行为上,圣人是存天理、灭人欲的道德价值载体;在道德修养上,圣人吾性自足,具备最本质的人性。王阳明的圣人观是对先儒圣人观的“自我超越”,完成了儒家圣人观从“庙堂”到“人间”、从“书斋”到“民间”的伟大转变,实现了儒家圣人观的世俗化、大众化和民间化。

  4. 华罗庚-王中烈型不等式的矩阵形式及推广%Some Matrix Versions and Generalizations for Inequalities of Hua-Wang Type

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建忠; 甘文珍

    2008-01-01

    This paper is concerned with inequalities of Hun-Wang type.Some generalizations for inequalities of Hua-Wang type are obtained by the method of theory of Matrix.Moreover,some new Hua-Wang type inequalities are established.

  5. Enhanced von Weizsäcker Wang-Govind-Carter kinetic energy density functional for semiconductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Ilgyou; Carter, Emily A.

    2014-05-01

    We propose a new form of orbital-free (OF) kinetic energy density functional (KEDF) for semiconductors that is based on the Wang-Govind-Carter (WGC99) nonlocal KEDF. We enhance within the latter the semi-local von Weizsäcker KEDF term, which is exact for a single orbital. The enhancement factor we introduce is related to the extent to which the electron density is localized. The accuracy of the new KEDF is benchmarked against Kohn-Sham density functional theory (KSDFT) by comparing predicted energy differences between phases, equilibrium volumes, and bulk moduli for various semiconductors, along with metal-insulator phase transition pressures. We also compare point defect and (100) surface energies in silicon for a broad test of its applicability. This new KEDF accurately reproduces the exact non-interacting kinetic energy of KSDFT with only one additional adjustable parameter beyond the three parameters in the WGC99 KEDF; it exhibits good transferability between semiconducting to metallic silicon phases and between various III-V semiconductors without parameter adjustment. Overall, this KEDF is more accurate than previously proposed OF KEDFs (e.g., the Huang-Carter (HC) KEDF) for semiconductors, while the computational efficiency remains at the level of the WGC99 KEDF (several hundred times faster than the HC KEDF). This accurate, fast, and transferable new KEDF holds considerable promise for large-scale OFDFT simulations of metallic through semiconducting materials.

  6. Enhanced von Weizsäcker Wang-Govind-Carter kinetic energy density functional for semiconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Ilgyou [Department of Chemistry, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-1009 (United States); Carter, Emily A., E-mail: eac@princeton.edu [Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Program in Applied and Computational Mathematics, and Andlinger Center for Energy and the Environment, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544-5263 (United States)

    2014-05-14

    We propose a new form of orbital-free (OF) kinetic energy density functional (KEDF) for semiconductors that is based on the Wang-Govind-Carter (WGC99) nonlocal KEDF. We enhance within the latter the semi-local von Weizsäcker KEDF term, which is exact for a single orbital. The enhancement factor we introduce is related to the extent to which the electron density is localized. The accuracy of the new KEDF is benchmarked against Kohn-Sham density functional theory (KSDFT) by comparing predicted energy differences between phases, equilibrium volumes, and bulk moduli for various semiconductors, along with metal-insulator phase transition pressures. We also compare point defect and (100) surface energies in silicon for a broad test of its applicability. This new KEDF accurately reproduces the exact non-interacting kinetic energy of KSDFT with only one additional adjustable parameter beyond the three parameters in the WGC99 KEDF; it exhibits good transferability between semiconducting to metallic silicon phases and between various III-V semiconductors without parameter adjustment. Overall, this KEDF is more accurate than previously proposed OF KEDFs (e.g., the Huang-Carter (HC) KEDF) for semiconductors, while the computational efficiency remains at the level of the WGC99 KEDF (several hundred times faster than the HC KEDF). This accurate, fast, and transferable new KEDF holds considerable promise for large-scale OFDFT simulations of metallic through semiconducting materials.

  7. On the convergence improvement in the metadynamics simulations: a Wang-Landau recursion approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Donghong; Liu, Yusong; Carbone, Irina; Yang, Wei

    2007-05-21

    As a popular tool in exploring free energy landscapes, the metadynamics method has been widely applied to elucidate various chemical or biochemical processes. As deeply discussed by Laio et al. [J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 6714 (2005)], the size of the updating Gaussian function is pivotal to the free energy convergence toward the target free energy surface. For instance, a greater Gaussian height can facilitate the quick visit of a conformation region of interest; however, it may lead to a larger error of the calculated free energy surface. In contrast, a lower Gaussian height can guarantee a better resolution of the calculated free energy surface; however, it will take longer time for such a simulation to navigate through the defined conformational region. In order to reconcile such confliction, the authors present a method by implementing the Wang-Landau recursion scheme in the metadynamics simulations to adaptively update the height of the unit Gaussian function. As demonstrated in their model studies on both a toy system, and a realistic molecular system treated with the hybrid quantum mechanical and molecular mechanical (QMMM) potential, the present approach can quickly result in more decently converged free energy surfaces, compared with the classical metadynamics simulations employing the fixed Gaussian heights.

  8. Wang Changling’ s Farewell Poems%试论王昌龄的送别诗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文彬

    2015-01-01

    Farewell is a long-standing motif for creation in Chinese literature .Chinese farewell poems enjoy a long history and that of the Tang Dynasty were colorful with great achievements .Especially , the farewell poems of Wang Changling (698-756 ) owns aesthetic value beyond time and place due to expression of various images , large increase in emotion and obvious reinforcement of artistic appeal .%送别,是中国文学中经久不衰的创作母题。我国送别诗历史源远流长,唐代的送别诗异彩纷呈,成绩卓著,尤其是王昌龄的送别诗通过不同意象的展示,使其情感含量大大增加,艺术感染力明显增强,具有超时空的审美价值。

  9. Phase transitions of a single polymer chain: A Wang-Landau simulation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Mark P; Paul, Wolfgang; Binder, Kurt

    2009-09-21

    A single flexible homopolymer chain can assume a variety of conformations which can be broadly classified as expanded coil, collapsed globule, and compact crystallite. Here we study transitions between these conformational states for an interaction-site polymer chain comprised of N=128 square-well-sphere monomers with hard-sphere diameter sigma and square-well diameter lambdasigma. Wang-Landau sampling with bond-rebridging Monte Carlo moves is used to compute the density of states for this chain and both canonical and microcanonical analyses are used to identify and characterize phase transitions in this finite size system. The temperature-interaction range (i.e., T-lambda) phase diagram is constructed for lambda1.06 these two states are separated by an intervening collapsed globule phase and thus, with decreasing temperature a chain undergoes a continuous coil-globule (collapse) transition followed by a discontinuous globule-crystal (freezing) transition. For well diameters lambdamodel, that a collapsed globule state is unstable with respect to a solid phase for flexible polymers with sufficiently short-range monomer-monomer interactions.

  10. Application of the Wang-Landau algorithm to the dimerization of glycophorin A

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gervais, Claire; Wüst, Thomas; Landau, D. P.; Xu, Ying

    2009-06-01

    A two-step Monte Carlo procedure is developed to investigate the dimerization process of the homodimer glycophorin A. In the first step, the energy density of states of the system is estimated by the Wang-Landau algorithm. In the second step, a production run is performed during which various energetical and structural observables are sampled to provide insight into the thermodynamics of the system. All seven residues LIxxGVxxGVxxT constituting the contact interface play a dominating role in the dimerization, however at different stages of the process. The leucine motif and to some extent the GxxxG motif are involved at the very beginning of the dimerization when the two helices come into contact, ensuring an interface already similar to the native one. At a lower temperature, the threonine motif stabilizes by hydrogen bonding the dimer, which finally converges toward its native state at around 300 K. The power and flexibility of the procedure employed here makes it an interesting alternative to other Monte Carlo methods for the study of similar protein systems.

  11. Generic transition hierarchies of lattice HP protein adsorption: A Wang-Landau study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Ying Wai; Landau, D. P.; Wüst, T.

    2012-02-01

    We have applied Wang-Landau sampling with appropriate trial movesootnotetextT. W"ust and D. P. Landau, Phy. Rev. Lett. 102, 178101 (2009). to investigate the thermodynamics and structural properties of the HP lattice protein modelootnotetextK. A. Dill, Biochemistry 24, 1501 (1985). interacting with an attractive substrate. The conformational ``phase transitions'' of several benchmark HP sequences have been identified by a comprehensive canonical analysis of the specific heat and structural observables, e. g. radius of gyration and thermal derivatives of number of surface contacts. Three major ``transitions'': adsorption, hydrophobic core formation, and ``flattening'' of adsorbed structures, are observed. Depending on the surface attractive strength relative to the intra-protein attraction among the H monomers, these processes take place in a different order upon cooling. We identify a small number of generic categories that are sufficient to classify the folding hierarchies for different HP chains consisting of assorted sequences and chain lengths, regardless of the monomer type that the surface attracts. We thus believe that this classification scheme is generally applicable to lattice protein adsorption problems.

  12. Wang-Landau sampling of the interplay between surface adsorption and folding of HP lattice proteins

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Ying Wai [ORNL; Wuest, Thomas [Swiss Federal Research Institute, Switzerland; Landau, David P [University of Georgia, Athens, GA

    2014-01-01

    Generic features associated with the adsorption of proteins on solid surfaces are reviewed within the framework of the hydrophobic-polar (HP) lattice protein model. The thermodynamic behavior and structural properties of various HP protein sequences interacting with attractive surfaces have been studied using extensive Wang-Landau sampling with different types of surfaces, each of which attracts either: all monomers, only hydrophobic (H) monomers, or only polar (P) monomers, respectively. Consequently, different types of folding behavior occur for varied surface strengths. Analysis of the combined patterns of various structural observables, e.g., the derivatives of the numbers of interaction contacts, together with the specific heat, leads to the identification of fundamental categories of folding and transition hierarchies. We also inferred a connection between the transition categories and the relative surface strengths, i.e., the ratios of the surface attractive strengths to the intra-chain attraction among H monomers. We thus believe that the folding hierarchies and identification scheme are generic for different HP sequences interacting with attractive surfaces, regardless of the chain length, sequence, or surface attraction.

  13. Thermodynamics and structural properties of a confined HP protein determined by Wang-Landau simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattanasiri, Busara; Li, Ying Wai; Landau, David P.; Wüst, Thomas; Triampo, Wannapong

    2013-08-01

    Understanding protein folding confined by surfaces is important for both biological sciences and the development of nanomaterials. In this work, we study the properties of a confined HP model protein by three different types of surfaces, namely, surfaces that attract: (a) all monomers; (b) only P monomers; and (c) only H monomers. The thermodynamic and structural quantities, such as the specific heat, number of surface contacts, and number of hydrophobic pairs, are obtained by using Wang-Landau sampling. The conformational "transitions", specifically, the debridging process and hydrophobic core formation, can be identified based on an analysis of these quantities. We found that these transitions take place at different temperatures, and the ground state configurations show variations in structural properties when different surface type is used. These scenarios are confirmed by snapshots of typical states of the systems. From our study, we conclude that the thermodynamics of these transitions and the structural changes depend on the combined actions of both the composition of the H monomers and the P monomers in the HP chain and the surface types.

  14. Influence of yield on in vitro accumulation of aflatoxins in pecan (Carya illinoensis (Wang.) K. Koch) nutmeats.

    OpenAIRE

    McMeans, J L

    1983-01-01

    Pecans were harvested from trees (Carya illinoensis (Wang.) K. Koch) in November of 1977 through 1979. Kernel meals from high-, medium-, and low-yielding trees were inoculated with a spore suspension of Aspergillus parasiticus and incubated for 7 days at 25 degrees C. Significant differences in aflatoxin accumulation were found among the three substrates, with a direct correlation between high aflatoxin concentration and tree yield.

  15. Influence of yield on in vitro accumulation of aflatoxins in pecan (Carya illinoensis (Wang.) K. Koch) nutmeats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMeans, J L

    1983-02-01

    Pecans were harvested from trees (Carya illinoensis (Wang.) K. Koch) in November of 1977 through 1979. Kernel meals from high-, medium-, and low-yielding trees were inoculated with a spore suspension of Aspergillus parasiticus and incubated for 7 days at 25 degrees C. Significant differences in aflatoxin accumulation were found among the three substrates, with a direct correlation between high aflatoxin concentration and tree yield.

  16. Wang Bingnan and Rewi Alley In His Later Years——In Commemoration of CPAFFC’s 60th Anniversary

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu; Wanru

    2014-01-01

    <正>In the summer of 1975,the"cultural revolution"had not yet come to an end;there were still repercussions with the struggle against the"Gang of Four"escalating daily.Heavyhearted people in China were expecting a storm that would bring about a radical change in the situation.It was at this moment that Comrade Wang Bingnan,a veteran revolutionary and diplomat well known at

  17. Micropropagation of Chirita langshanica W. T. Wang%崀山唇柱苣苔的快速繁殖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金雪琼; 李霖明; 宋希强; 余文刚

    2009-01-01

    @@ 1 植物名称 崀山唇柱苣苔(Chirita langshanica W.T.Wang). 2 材料类别 成熟种子(种子采集于2008年9月18日,湖南省新宁县崀山乡公路旁干旱的丹霞地貌红色砂砾石的石壁上).

  18. A description of preimaginal stages of Pseudaspidapion botanicum Alonso-Zarazaga & Wang, 2011 (Apionidae, Curculionoidea)

    OpenAIRE

    Zhiliang Wang; Miguel Alonso-Zarazaga; Da-Kang Zhou; Runzhi Zhang

    2013-01-01

    The preimaginal stages including egg, mature larva and pupa of Pseudaspidapion botanicum Alonso-Zarazaga & Wang, 2011 were described and figured, diagnostic characters of larva and pupa were discussed, and corresponding biological information was supplied. The nomenclature of frontal setae in the larva compared with curculionid weevils, the absence of the hypopharyngeal bracon in the larva, and the metafemoral setae in the pupa were discussed. Common and different characters among the lar...

  19. Corrigendum to "The antibody against a nuclear autoantigenic sperm protein can result in reproductive failure" by M. Wang et al.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Min Wang; Jian-Li Shi; Guo-Yan Cheng; Yan-Qing Hu; Chen Xu

    2009-01-01

    @@ In published paper by M. Wang et al [1], the Table 2 in page 186 was inadvertently misrepresented. The correct statistical method of the average litter size and standard error should ount all animals (including non-pregnant which were considered to have zero pups) whereas we had included only mice that had been pregnant previously.Now, the correct representation of Table 2 should be:

  20. 王效道%Study on a sexologist-WANG Xiaodao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志

    2014-01-01

    王效道,1928年生,1952年毕业于北京辅仁大学教育系,曾任北京大学医学部医学心理学教研室负责人、中国高等医学教育学会医学心理学教育分会副会长、中国性学会秘书长、《中国性学》杂志主编等。在60年的职业生涯中,王效道为我国的心理卫生事业和性健康教育事业的建设和发展,以及中国性学会和《中国性学》杂志的创办和发展,都做出了重大的贡献。%Wang Xiaodao,born in 1928,graduated from Education Department of Furen University of Bei-jing in 1952,who once was the Head of Department of Medical Psychology,Vice President of Medical Psychology Education Branch of Chinese Higher Medical Education Institute,Secretary-general of China Sexology Association and Chief Editor of Chinese Journal of Human Sexology.He makes a great contribution to the development of psy-chological health and sexual health education and to the foundation and development of China Sexology Association and the Chinese Journal of Human Sexology.

  1. 王士禛《问山亭诗》批语辑录%A Collection of Wang Shizhen' s Comment about"Wen Shan Ting Poems"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振松

    2015-01-01

    The national library has the Ming manuscripts of Wang Xiangchun ' s "Wen Shan Ting Po-ems",Which is commented by Wang Shizhen .The found of this book has important reference value for the study of Wang Shizhen ' s Poetical Criticism , understanding Wang Xiangchun ' s poetry artistic achievements and for the study of the Wang family literary heritage .In view of this , the article is compiled Wang Shizhen ' s comments, to provide references for researchers .%国家图书馆藏有明代王象春 《问山亭诗》 的明抄本, 该书由王士禛批点. 该批点本的出现,对于研究王士禛的诗歌评点, 了解王象春的诗歌艺术成就, 以及对于探讨新城王氏家族的文学传承, 都具有重要的文献价值. 有鉴于此, 特将王士禛评点 《问山亭诗》 之批语予以辑录, 以供研究者参考.

  2. 从王元翰诗四首探其与东林党之关系%Study on Relationship of WANG Yuan-han with Donglin Faction from the Four Poems of WANG Yuan-han

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙秋克

    2013-01-01

    WANG Yuan-han upheld the supervisor spirit, so that he agreed with Donglin faction�s political stance, and regarded Donglin faction members as fellow, and thought Donglin faction could save people and pinned the hope of changing political reality. No matter whether there is consciousness and in court or not, WANG Yuan-han connected with Donglin faction spiritually consciously or unconsciously, and then WANG Yuan-han was impeached to leave the court and was no longer reused, who had a close relation with Donglin faction , from which we can see his political quality as well as the status of fighting in court from Wanli period to the early years of the Tianqi period in Ming Dynasty.%王元翰所秉持的言官精神,使其赞同东林党的政治立场,并引东林党人为同道,视东林党人为“救时”之辈,在他们身上寄托了改变现实政治的希望。无论是否有自觉意识,无论在朝在野,王元翰与东林党人都有自觉和不自学的精神联系,而王元翰被劾辞朝以及后来起复不果,亦皆与东林党有关,由此可观其个人的政治品质以及从万历后期至天启初年朝中党争的状况。

  3. 基于样本相关度和SOM的改进型Wang-Mendel算法%An Improved Wang-Mendel Method Based on Cooperation Degree of Sample and Self-Organizing Mapping

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缑锦; 陈文瑜

    2013-01-01

    Wang-Mendel algorithm is commonly used as a classic method to generate fuzzy rule base. But rules with low confidence are usually extracted when noise appears in the sample data set, while its efficiency also often drops fast when the scale of sample data increases. To solve those problems, two methods, cooperation relationship and self-organizing mapping ( SOM) neural network, are introduced. Cooperation relationship among sample data improves the accuracy of rules and approximation ability to the original model. On the other hand, SOM can well preprocess sample data for denoising and reduce its scale through a self-adaptive learning procedure of weights network. Then an improved Wang-Mendel algorithm is proposed based on cooperation relationship degree of sample data and SOM. The experimental results, including trigonometric function approximation and artificial driving simulation of a train operation control system, show its completeness, robustness and operating efficiency.%Wang-Mendel算法是生成模糊规则库的经典算法。处理过程中,当样本数据存在噪声时,该算法易提取出可信度较低的规则;当样本数据规模增大时,算法效率易快速下降。针对这两个问题,引入样本间协调关系可提高结果的准确性,改善逼近性能。利用SOM算法对样本预处理可有效去噪,且其对样本分布的自适应学习能力可在一定程度上减小样本规模。基于样本相关度和SOM算法,文中提出一种Wang-Mendel模糊规则提取算法,函数逼近和列车控制系统的仿真实验结果表明其具有较好的完备性、鲁棒性和效率。

  4. An Overview on the Parallel Prose of Wang Zhong%汪中骈文研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王慰丹

    2012-01-01

    Since the Qian Long period of the Qing Dynasty to the contemporary, critics sing highly of the parallel prose (Plan Wen) of Wang Zhong, pointing out that he reached the highest level of the Qing Dynasty and his works was influenced by the Six Dynasties Prose. These criticisms are too simple to ex- pound the relation between the parallel prose of Wang Zhong and the Six Dynasties Prose. It is necessary to do a systematic research on the parallel prose of Wang Zhong, describing its study and surmounting of the Six Dynasties Prose, illustrating its effect on the debate between the Prose and the parallel prose in the Qing Dynasty.%自清代乾隆时期至当代,学界对汪中骈文研究,从内容上说,一是高度赞扬汪中的文学成就,肯定汪中是清代骈文创作的最高峰;二是指明汪中的骈文创作根源于六朝。从形式上说,各家评论以评点式为主,寥寥数语,没有翔实具体地说明汪中与六朝骈文之间的渊源。由此观之,对汪中骈文的研究尚有较大学术空闻,应当系统研究汪中骈文,深入分析其对六朝骈文之师承与超越,进一步探讨汪中的骈文主张及创作对清代骈散之争的影响。

  5. Study of first-order interface localization-delocalization transition in thin Ising-films using Wang-Landau sampling

    OpenAIRE

    Schulz, B. J.; Binder, K.; M"uller, M.

    2004-01-01

    Using extensive Monte Carlo simulations, we study the interface localization- delocalization transition of a thin Ising film with antisymmetric competing walls for a set of parameters where the transition is strongly first-order. This is achieved by estimating the density of states (DOS) of the model by means of Wang-Landau sampling (WLS) in the space of energy, using both, single-spin-flip as well as N-fold way updates. From the DOS we calculate canonical averages related to the configuratio...

  6. ¿Cómo podemos usar el móvil para comunicarnos mediante el pensamiento? Entrevista con Yijun Wang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Correa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Un equipo de neurocientíficos ha desarrollado una interfaz cerebro ordenador basada en un teléfono móvil. Las personas con movilidad reducida podrían beneficiarse de este innovador sistema en un futuro próximo. En el experimento que aparece en la fotografía de portada, el participante utiliza únicamente su pensamiento para marcar un número de teléfono. Ciencia Cognitiva ha entrevistado al Dr. Yijun Wang, ingeniero biomédico de la Universidad de California en San Diego, que trabaja en este proyecto.

  7. Translation Methods of Chinese Landscape Poetry Referring to Leaving Blanks-A case study of Wang Wei’s Poem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晨

    2016-01-01

    Poem and painting, being regarded as an integration, are sharing the same origin. How to make the foreign readers feel the same way with the original Chinese readers is crucial in the process of translating Chinese landscape poetry. Several English versions of Wang Wei’s landscape poems are analyzed, referring to the skills of Chinese painting, for instance, blank-leaving and cavalier perspective, which can provide a brand-new perspective for Chinese landscape poetry translation, and at the same time, help to retain the feelings in the original poem.

  8. A description of preimaginal stages of Pseudaspidapion botanicum Alonso-Zarazaga & Wang, 2011 (Apionidae, Curculionoidea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiliang Wang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The preimaginal stages including egg, mature larva and pupa of Pseudaspidapion botanicum Alonso-Zarazaga & Wang, 2011 were described and figured, diagnostic characters of larva and pupa were discussed, and corresponding biological information was supplied. The nomenclature of frontal setae in the larva compared with curculionid weevils, the absence of the hypopharyngeal bracon in the larva, and the metafemoral setae in the pupa were discussed. Common and different characters among the larvae of P. botanicum, Aspidapion radiolus (Marsham, 1802 and A. aeneum (Fabricius, 1775 were also provided.

  9. A description of preimaginal stages of Pseudaspidapion botanicum Alonso-Zarazaga & Wang, 2011 (Apionidae, Curculionoidea).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhiliang; Alonso-Zarazaga, M A; Zhou, Dakang; Zhang, Runzhi

    2013-01-01

    The preimaginal stages including egg, mature larva and pupa of Pseudaspidapion botanicum Alonso-Zarazaga & Wang, 2011 were described and figured, diagnostic characters of larva and pupa were discussed, and corresponding biological information was supplied. The nomenclature of frontal setae in the larva compared with curculionid weevils, the absence of the hypopharyngeal bracon in the larva, and the metafemoral setae in the pupa were discussed. Common and different characters among the larvae of Pseudaspidapion botanicum, Aspidapion radiolus (Marsham, 1802) and Aspidapion aeneum (Fabricius, 1775) were also provided.

  10. Small Handkerchief and Giant Enterprise——Interview with Wang Puping, Board Chairwoman of Jiangsu Baihua Industrial Group Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ Jiangsu Baihua Industrial Group Co., Ltd., well known for its small handker chiefs in the international market, has efficiently exerted its advantages in branding, technology, talent resources, etc., and managed to expand into a combination of textile products, road and bridge projects, real estate development, chemical industry, gold and jewelry, pharmaceuticals and medical instruments, hotels, import and export, etc., and provincial enterprises group successful in multi-industries,multi-areas, multi-ownership systems. Its success cannot be separated from Chairwoman Wang Puping's smart job and great efforts.

  11. Critical endpoint behavior in an asymmetric Ising model: application of Wang-Landau sampling to calculate the density of states.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Shan-Ho; Wang, Fugao; Landau, D P

    2007-06-01

    Using the Wang-Landau sampling method with a two-dimensional random walk we determine the density of states for an asymmetric Ising model with two- and three-body interactions on a triangular lattice, in the presence of an external field. With an accurate density of states we were able to map out the phase diagram accurately and perform quantitative finite-size analyses at, and away from, the critical endpoint. We observe a clear divergence of the curvature of the spectator phase boundary and of the magnetization coexistence diameter derivative at the critical endpoint, and the exponents for both divergences agree well with previous theoretical predictions.

  12. Critical endpoint behavior in an asymmetric Ising model: Application of Wang-Landau sampling to calculate the density of states

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Shan-Ho; Wang, Fugao; Landau, D. P.

    2007-06-01

    Using the Wang-Landau sampling method with a two-dimensional random walk we determine the density of states for an asymmetric Ising model with two- and three-body interactions on a triangular lattice, in the presence of an external field. With an accurate density of states we were able to map out the phase diagram accurately and perform quantitative finite-size analyses at, and away from, the critical endpoint. We observe a clear divergence of the curvature of the spectator phase boundary and of the magnetization coexistence diameter derivative at the critical endpoint, and the exponents for both divergences agree well with previous theoretical predictions.

  13. Kinetics of Amorphous-Crystalline Transformation of Some Se-Te-In Chalcogenide Glasses Using Gao and Wang Model

    OpenAIRE

    Balbir Singh Patial; Nagesh Thakur; S.K. Tripathi

    2013-01-01

    The present study reports the assessment of activation energy for crystallization and crystallization reaction order (Avrami exponent n) for the amorphous-crystallization transformation process of Se85 − xTe15Inx (x  2, 6 and 10) amorphous alloys using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) technique under non-isothermal conditions at four different heating rates (5, 10, 15 and 20 °C/min) through Gao and Wang model. The introduction of In to the Se-Te system is found to bring a change in cr...

  14. Study on Ethical Literary Criticism of WANG Tong%论王通的文学伦理学批评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李海燕

    2014-01-01

    王通践行“以行观文”的伦理学批评方法,提出了“文必贯道”的伦理学批评命题,极为重视作家的道德品行和作品的伦理价值。虽然此种批评方法有忽视文学的审美价值之嫌,但却是对儒家伦理学批评传统的继承,也具有重要的当下性意义。王通的这种伦理学批评是为实现其“王道”理想服务的,对其弟子门人及唐代政治文化建设,对其孙王勃的文学革新及文艺思想,对古文运动及宋明理学等都产生了深远的影响。在以伦理政教为中心的文学思想发展史上,王通的文学伦理学批评起到了上承秦汉、下开唐宋的历史作用。%WANG Tong, a famous Confucian in late Sui Dynasty, implements commenting literary works through the author’s morality, and puts forward the idea that the ethical concept of Confucian-ism must be concentrated in literary works. He attaches great importance to the author’s moral char-acter and the ethical values of literary works. Although this kind of literary criticism neglects the aes-thetic value of literature, it inherits traditional Confucian ethical criticism with the important signifi-cance of the moment of late Sui Dynasty. The ethical criticism, by which WANG Tong wants to re-store the ideal of the Confucianism, has important impacts on his disciples and the construction of the political culture of Tang Dynasty as well as his grandson, WANG Bo’s literary innovation and thought, and classical prose movement. WANG Tong’s ethical literary criticism plays an important role in starting a new trend in writing in Tang and Song Dynasties during the development of liter-ary thought which regards ethics as the core.

  15. A Comparison of Man-of-letters Style in Ceramic Paintings between Wang Yeting and Wang Qi%汪野亭与王琦瓷绘文人画风格异同寻绎

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林文贤

    2015-01-01

    汪野亭和王琦同为民国时期景德镇著名的瓷艺团体——“珠山八友”的成员,而且他们的作品具有同工异曲之妙,一方面他们有着共同的文人画艺术追求,另一方面又因创作题材、个人气质的不同而各自在诗韵、书味、画意、印趣等方面形成了不同的审美旨趣。%Wang Yeting and Wang Qi are both the members of the “Eight Friends of Zhushan”, a famous group of ceramic painting in the Republic of China Period. Their works made the same achievements by different methods and they have common artistic pursuit of man-of-letters painting style. However,because of the different subject matters and personal temperament they showed distinct aesthetic taste in the field of poem, calligraphy, painting and seal taste.

  16. Effect of “Deqi” during the Study of Needling “Wang's Jiaji” Acupoints Treating Spasticity after Stroke

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Huanqin; Liu, Huilin; Liu, Cunzhi; Shi, Guangxia; Zhou, Wei; Zhao, Chengmei; Wang, Xuefei; Wang, Guiling; Zhao, Yin; Sun, Jingqing; Wang, Jing; Wang, Linpeng

    2014-01-01

    Background. Acupuncture has been shown to reduce spasticity and prevent the onset of spasticity after stroke. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of “Deqi” during needling “Wang's Jiaji” acupoints treating spasticity in the early stage of stroke. Methods. This study is a multicenter, prospective, randomized, controlled trial. 238 patients with stroke (Deqi” while the sham-acupuncture group received sham acupuncture without “Deqi.” Patients in both groups followed the same 30 min acupuncture regimen 5 times per week for a period of 4 weeks. Scales of MAS, FMA, ADL, MBI, NIHSS, SS-QOL, and MRS were measured at baseline and at 2, 4, and 12 weeks after intervention. Results. Significant differences were observed between two groups. The MRS rating composition has the statistical difference after 4 weeks (P = 0.017). The score of MAS, FMA, Barthel, and SSQOL in verum-acupuncture group has increased significantly compared with the sham-acupuncture group after 12 weeks. There was 14% reduction of higher muscle tension in the verum-acupuncture group. Conclusion. Acupuncture “Wang's Jiaji” points with sensation of “Deqi” in the early stage may reduce the occurrence and decrease the severity of spasticity after stroke. PMID:25477996

  17. 略论王绩诗中典故%Discussion on Allusions in Wang Ji’ s Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林雪娇

    2015-01-01

    Wang Ji, an important poet in Tang Dynasty, made remarkable achievement with non-prolific works.In his po-ems, WangJi employed a variety of allusions whose effect in rhetoric reflected his excellent pragmatic strategy.These allusions further embodied his unique way of life, complex mood, and interior monologue.%王绩是唐初的一位重要诗人,他的诗作并不算多,却取得了较高的成就。王绩诗中用典情况复杂多样,用典所达到的修辞效果体现了他作诗的高超语用策略;王绩诗中典故更是展现了其独特的生活方式及复杂的心境,其内心的独白亦在这些典故中显露无遗。

  18. [Deep acupuncture at Baliao points (eight sacral foramina) by Professor WANG Ling-Ling and its clinical application].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cai, Hai-Hong; Wang, Ling-Ling

    2014-03-01

    With deep acupuncture at Baliao points (eight sacral foramina) as the core, Professor WANG Ling-ling has treated diseases of urinary, digestive and reproductive systems with superior therapeutic effect. The key for efficacy of Baliao points is deep acupuncture. Only deeply insert into acupoints with long needles and directly stimulate at sacral nerves, could Baliao points play a superior role in treatment effect. Searching acupoints is the basis of deep acupuncture, and superficial anatomy should be combined to summarize the methods of searching Baliao points. The premise of deep acupuncture is needling manipulation. The angles of needles must be adjusted according to morphological features of posterior sacral foramina, or it is hard to practice deep acupuncture into Baliao points. The description of location and manipulation on Baliao points in ancient and modern literature was vague, which restricts clinical application of Baliao points. A lot of research on location, manipulation and clinical application of Baliao points has performed by Professor WANG Ling-ling, and its manipulation and clinical cases are introduced to make a positive effect on its application and popularization.

  19. 王安忆的女性主义建构策略%Wang An-yi feminist construct strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭冰雪

    2015-01-01

    随着女性主义理论在中国的传播与发展,以王安忆为代表的一大批女性作家用自己的作品来表达她们对女性主义的认识和感知.本文就以王安忆的创作为例,从她对女性主义的建构策略来探究她在创作过程中对女性主义理论的利用和摒弃.%With the spread of feminist theory and development in China, Wang An-yi, represented by a large number of women writers with their works to express their feminist awareness and perception. This paper focuses on the creation of Wang An-yi, for example, from her feminist construct strategies to explore her use of feminist theory and abandoned in the creative process.

  20. Discussion on Confucianist Wang Dong’s Thought%明儒王栋养心思想简论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张树俊

    2015-01-01

    王栋主张知所养,安静不外逐求,要求人们做到安静养阳,淡视人欲,泰然养心,少忧戚,多坦荡。王栋主张对人欲有所节,重视“节欲”与“引欲”,谨防恶欲横流。王栋强调不懈怠,主张敬慎诚意修治。他认为,孔子所说的“克己”是自强的意思,并不是要克己去私;《中庸》所讲的“慎独”并不是察私防欲,世儒们把“克己”、“慎独”都解错了。%Wang Dong believed self -cultivation by seeking quietness,his thought required people to be quiet and more magnanimous,with weak wishes and less sadness.Wang Dong advocated abstinence from human desires, and opposed evil desires.He stressed sincerity against procrastination.As what Confucius said,by his understand-ing,Self -restraining was not to clear away selfishness,but to be strong -couraged;Self -supervision in The Doc-trine ofThe Mean was not to check oneself.The two phrases were misunderstood by some Confucians.

  1. Three-Dimensional MHD Modeling of The Solar Corona and Solar Wind: Comparison with The Wang-Sheeley Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Usmanov, A. V.; Goldstein, M. L.

    2003-01-01

    We present simulation results from a tilted-dipole steady-state MHD model of the solar corona and solar wind and compare the output from our model with the Wang-Sheeley model which relates the divergence rate of magnetic flux tubes near the Sun (inferred from solar magnetograms) to the solar wind speed observed near Earth and at Ulysses. The boundary conditions in our model specified at the coronal base and our simulation region extends out to 10 AU. We assumed that a flux of Alfven waves with amplitude of 35 km per second emanates from the Sun and provides additional heating and acceleration for the coronal outflow in the open field regions. The waves are treated in the WKB approximation. The incorporation of wave acceleration allows us to reproduce the fast wind measurements obtained by Ulysses, while preserving reasonable agreement with plasma densities typically found at the coronal base. We find that our simulation results agree well with Wang and Sheeley's empirical model.

  2. Experience of Prof. Wang Songling for treating insomnia%王松龄教授治疗失眠经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李亚翔; 王松龄

    2016-01-01

    The experience of Professor Wang Songling for treating insomnia was introduced. Mr. Wang pays attention to the theory of differentiating syndromes and treatment, and gets deep experience and unique insight into treating insomnia from five syndromes. According to Shen, Shenbu’an is the root cause of insomnia. Because insomnia and depression often effect together, tranquilization, regulating emotions, relieving the negative emotion on insomnia shows a signiifcant clinical effect.%介绍王松龄教授治疗失眠的临床经验,王师重视辨证论治,对失眠五个证型的治疗均有深刻的体会和独到见解;强调神主寤寐,认为失眠的根本原因在于神不安,以及失眠常伴发郁证并相互影响,因此强调在辨证论治的基础上要注重安神定志,调畅情志,缓解患者的负面情绪,使临床效果显著。

  3. GPU-based Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster algorithm for the simulation of two-dimensional classical spin systems

    CERN Document Server

    Komura, Yukihiro

    2012-01-01

    We present the GPU calculation with the common unified device architecture (CUDA) for the Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster algorithm of two-dimensional classical spin systems. We adjust the two connected component labeling algorithms recently proposed with CUDA for the assignment of the cluster in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm. Starting with the q-state Potts model, we extend our implementation to the system of vector spins, the q-state clock model, with the idea of embedded cluster. We test the performance, and the calculation time on GTX580 is obtained as 2.51 nano sec per a spin flip for the q=2 Potts model (Ising model) and 2.42 nano sec per a spin flip for the q=6 clock model with the linear size L=4096 at the critical temperature, respectively. The computational speed for the q=2 Potts model on GTX580 is 12.4 times as fast as the calculation speed on a current CPU core. That for the q=6 clock model on GTX580 is 35.6 times as fast as the calculation speed on a current CPU core.

  4. 再谈王维“窃”李嘉佑诗%A Second Talk on Wang Wei "Stealing" the Poem of Li Jiayou

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    元文广

    2014-01-01

    Wang Wei "stealing" the poem of Li Jiayou has been an issue deserving the continuous study of later generations .Four main viewpoints have been formed in the long-term discussion since Tang Dynasty :Wang Wei "stealing"the poem of Li Jiayou ,Wang Wei not "stealing"the poem of Li Jiayou ,Li Jiayou "stealing"the poem of Wang Wei ,and Wang Li creating the poem separately .To judge the above view-points ,we have to make three questions clear :first of all ,the birth years of Wang Wei and Li Jiayou ;sec-ondly ,w hen Wang Wei created Snow in Wangchuan Village ;and lastly ,is it possible for Li Youjia to cre-ate such a poem .After the above analysis ,the article draws a conclusion that Wang Wei did not "steal"the poem of Li Jiayou .%王维“窃”李嘉佑诗,是唐人留给后人一个值得不断研究的问题。自唐以来,对它的讨论从未停止,在长期的讨论中形成了四种主要观点:王维“窃”李嘉佑诗;王维非“窃”李嘉佑诗;李嘉佑“窃”王维诗;王李各有此句诗。要判断以上观点,就需要研究清楚三个问题:其一、王维、李嘉佑生年问题;其二、王维创作《积雨辋川庄》的时间问题;其三、李嘉佑有没有可能创作出这样的诗句。并可借以认定,王维非“窃”李嘉佑诗。

  5. Wang-Landau method for calculating Rényi entropies in finite-temperature quantum Monte Carlo simulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inglis, Stephen; Melko, Roger G

    2013-01-01

    We implement a Wang-Landau sampling technique in quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) simulations for the purpose of calculating the Rényi entanglement entropies and associated mutual information. The algorithm converges an estimate for an analog to the density of states for stochastic series expansion QMC, allowing a direct calculation of Rényi entropies without explicit thermodynamic integration. We benchmark results for the mutual information on two-dimensional (2D) isotropic and anisotropic Heisenberg models, a 2D transverse field Ising model, and a three-dimensional Heisenberg model, confirming a critical scaling of the mutual information in cases with a finite-temperature transition. We discuss the benefits and limitations of broad sampling techniques compared to standard importance sampling methods.

  6. The visualization of Wang Zhaojun in the vicissitude of time%昭君想象与时代变迁

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周竞红

    2009-01-01

    Wang Zhaojun was a romanticized historical figure. The visualization of her was characterized by specific historical and social backgrounds. While her image was shaped with the thousands of years' expansion of northern interethnic relations in ancient China, the united modrn multi-ethnic state created her glorious image as "an angel bringing about national harmony, peace, and unity."%王昭君是一个艺术化的历史人物.对王昭君的想像不仅有其特定的时代背景,还有其特定的社会背景,数千年中国北方族际关系的发展轨迹形塑了昭君,而统一多民族现代国家则成就了她"民族和谐、和睦、团结使者"的光辉形象.

  7. The characteristics of Wang Er-lie inscriptional record%浅谈王尔烈碑记文特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴江

    2013-01-01

    王尔烈仅存的五篇碑记文可谓匠心独运,体现着其丰厚的文学底蕴和文化素养,其碑记文的特点:一、角度新颖,内容丰富;二、结构严谨,层层递进。并配以多彩的语言,使得碑记文篇篇深入人心,影响深远,为人所记。%Wang Er-lie five remaining inscriptional record quality, embodies its rich literary heritage and cultural literacy, the inscriptional record text features:first, the perspective is novel, rich in content;Second, the structure is rigorous, progressive layers. And colorful language, enables the inscriptional record is deeply rooted in the hearts of the people, far-reaching, and to be remember.

  8. 将“丑角”演出艺术性来%Artistic “Clown” Performance of Wang Chuansong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱恒夫

    2014-01-01

    As a famous actor of kunqu opera, Wang Chuansong plays the clown role. His performance is very lively. He can integrate the character with positive moral values. He can also perform the character’ s personality and spe-cific environment through his superb skills.%王传淞能成为著名昆剧丑角表演艺术家,是因为他演出了活生生的人,能在人物形象中融入引人向上的道德观,并能用高超的技艺与绝活表现人物的性格与特定的环境。

  9. LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Coarsening in the 1D Ising model evolving with Swendsen - Wang dynamics: an unusual scaling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Derrida, Bernard; Hakim, Vincent

    1996-12-01

    We consider a simple model of domain growth: the zero-temperature 1D Ising model evolving according to the Swendsen - Wang dynamics. We find that in the long-time limit, the pair correlation function scales with a characteristic length increasing as the square of the average domain size. In that limit, a few large domains occupy almost all the space with many small domains between them. In contrast to the usual picture of coarsening, the average domain size here is not a characteristic length of the growth problem. Instead, one finds a power-law distribution for the sizes of large domains with a cut-off at a length which grows as the square of the average size of the domains.

  10. Magnetic phase transition in coupled spin-lattice systems: A replica-exchange Wang-Landau study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Dilina; Vogel, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2016-10-01

    Coupled, dynamical spin-lattice models provide a unique test ground for simulations investigating the finite-temperature magnetic properties of materials under the direct influence of the lattice vibrations. These models are constructed by combining a coordinate-dependent interatomic potential with a Heisenberg-like spin Hamiltonian, facilitating the treatment of both the atomic coordinates and the spins as explicit phase variables. Using a model parameterized for bcc iron, we study the magnetic phase transition in these complex systems via the recently introduced, massively parallel replica-exchange Wang-Landau Monte Carlo method. Comparison with the results obtained from rigid lattice (spin-only) simulations shows that the transition temperature as well as the amplitude of the peak in the specific heat curve is marginally affected by the lattice vibrations. Moreover, the results were found to be sensitive to the particular choice of interatomic potential.

  11. Magnetic phase transition in coupled spin-lattice systems: A replica-exchange Wang-Landau study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perera, Dilina; Vogel, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2016-10-01

    Coupled, dynamical spin-lattice models provide a unique test ground for simulations investigating the finite-temperature magnetic properties of materials under the direct influence of the lattice vibrations. These models are constructed by combining a coordinate-dependent interatomic potential with a Heisenberg-like spin Hamiltonian, facilitating the treatment of both the atomic coordinates and the spins as explicit phase variables. Using a model parameterized for bcc iron, we study the magnetic phase transition in these complex systems via the recently introduced, massively parallel replica-exchange Wang-Landau Monte Carlo method. Comparison with the results obtained from rigid lattice (spin-only) simulations shows that the transition temperature as well as the amplitude of the peak in the specific heat curve is marginally affected by the lattice vibrations. Moreover, the results were found to be sensitive to the particular choice of interatomic potential.

  12. Smoke (Paul Auster et Wayne Wang, 1995 : une œuvre à la croisée des arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delphine Letort

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The adaptation of the short story entitled “Auggie Wren’s Christmas Story” (1990 gathered the writer Paul Auster and the director Wayne Wang around a film project that allowed them to share their artistic practices in a collaborative work. This paper examines the question that underpins the narrative of the short-story by grappling with the appropriations of the real in other artistic modes. Paul Auster’s first encounter with the cinema points out the convergence between aural writing and cinematic writing, evoked through the double figure of the writer and that of the tale-teller/photographer in both the film and the short story.L’adaptation de la nouvelle « Auggie Wren’s Christmas Story » (1990 réunit l’écrivain Paul Auster et le réalisateur Wayne Wang autour d’un projet qui leur permit de croiser leurs pratiques artistiques dans un travail de collaboration. Cet article prolonge le questionnement artistique qui sous-tend le récit de la nouvelle en interrogeant les modalités de l’appropriation du réel par d’autres arts. La première rencontre entre Paul Auster et le cinéma met en relief les points de convergence entre écriture verbale et écriture cinématographique, évoqués autour de la double figure de l’écrivain et du conteur/photographe dans le film et dans la nouvelle.

  13. WANG Yongping,Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu%王永平:《中古士人迁移与文化交流》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张聪

    2007-01-01

    @@ In Zhonggu shiren qianyi yu wenhua jiaoliu (Literati migration and culturalexchange in the medieval period), Wang Yongping argues that large-scalerelocation and dislocation of shiren or educated elite during the medieval period(220-581) contributed greatly to the spread of region-specific learning traditions,religious practices, and social customs.

  14. Clinical Experience of Professor WANG Changhong in Treatment of Fatty Liver%王长洪教授治疗脂肪肝临床经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张旭; 王长洪

    2013-01-01

    目的:总结王长洪教授治疗脂肪肝的临床经验.方法:通过跟随王长洪教授出诊,聆听教诲、收集病例,总结王长洪教授临床经验.结果:王长洪教授临床治疗脂肪肝确立了以祛湿通络应贯穿始终,配合饮食,加强运动达到治疗脂肪肝的基本思路和治疗原则.%Objective:To summarize the clinical experience of professor WANG Changhong in the treatment of fatty liver.Methods:To concentrate the clinical theory by follouing professor WANG,learning from professor WANG and collecting cases.Results:Professor WANG has established basic thought and treatment principle in order to treat fatty liver by eliminating dampness and dredging collaterals combined with diet,and strengthening the movement.

  15. Answer to Wang and Luo, "Polyploidization increases meiotic recombination frequency in Arabidopsis: a close look at statistical modelling and data analysis"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pecinka Ales

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract This article is a response to Wang and Luo. See correspondence article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/10/30/ [WEBCITE] and the original research article http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7007/9/24 [WEBCITE].

  16. H.E. Professor Wang Liheng, Minister of Aviation of the People's Republic of China, President, China Aerospace Science & Technology Corporation

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez

    2001-01-01

    H. E. Professor Wang Liheng, Minister of Aviation, and President, China Aerospace Science & Technology Corporation, People's Republic of China (2nd from left) with (from left to right) Professor Hans Hofer, Professor Roger Cashmore, Research Director for Collider Programmes, Professor Samuel C. C. Ting, CERN and Professor Lei Gang, Secretary to the Minister, September 2001.

  17. Prof. Wang Jie Met with the Chair of Board of Trustees and the Director General of International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yongtao

    2007-01-01

    @@ On April 10, 2007, Prof. Wang Jie, Vice President of NSFC, met with the delegation from International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), headed by its Chair of Board of Trustees Prof. Lene Lange and the Director General Prof. Masa Iwanaga.

  18. On the Theological Nature of Wang Chong's Thoughts of Tian%论王充天论的神学本质

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石磊

    2015-01-01

    Regarding Wang Chong as a materialist is the dominant academic view ,one of the most impor‐tant supporting grounds is that he holds natural law view and criticizes interactions between Heaven and mankind .This impression may not be consistent with the reality of Wang Chong's thoughts .According to Wang Chong's philosophy ,natural law view is another expression of his theological fatalism view ———predes‐tinarianism ,and they both have one essence .Wang Chong only opposes to inductions in a limited sense ,ac‐tually ,he builds up a new kind of pattern of interaction between Heaven and mankind .Therefore ,Wang Chong's thoughts of Tian also contain the nature of theology and religion ,in general ,it is an integral part of the theological thoughts of Han Dynasty .%王充哲学并非传统所认为的唯物主义哲学或无神论,王充的天道自然观本质上是一种神学理论,与他另一重要思想命定论异名同谓,是命定论的另一种表达方式。王充虽然用天道自然观批判否定天人感应论,但他在天道自然观的基础上建立了另一种天人感应观。因此,王充并不是真正意义上的唯物主义者和无神论者,其思想并未摆脱汉代总体的神学思潮,而是其中的一个有机组成部分。

  19. Abrupt Motion Tracking Via Saliency-based Wang-Landau Monte Carlo Sampling%基于视觉显著性的Wang-Landau蒙特卡罗采样突变目标跟踪算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江晓莲; 李翠华; 刘锴; 刘薇

    2013-01-01

    突变运动目标的鲁捧跟踪是计算机视觉领域的一个具有挑战性的问题.提出了一种基于视觉显著性的Wang-Landau蒙特卡罗采样(WLMC)跟踪算法,用于解决复杂场景下目标发生运动突变的跟踪问题.该算法首先对全局场景进行分块获取子区域,然后使用WLMC方法进行目标状态采样来跟踪发生运动突变的目标.算法将视觉显著性作为先验引入跟踪框架,提出了结合显著性先验的接受函数,通过每个子区域的显著性计算来引导马尔可夫链的构造.和以往方法相比,该算法既保留了WLMC采样方法对全局状态空间的广度覆盖性,又以视觉显著性特性引导采样,避免了全局采样的盲目性,从而提高采样效率.实验结果表明,该算法对发生运动突变的目标进行跟踪,具有良好的鲁棒性.%Robust tracking of abrupt motion is a challenge problem in computer vision.In this paper,we proposed a saliency-based Wang Landau Monte Carlo (WLMC) tracking method for abrupt motion problem in real world scenarios.Firstly,the spatial space is divided into disjoint sub regions.Secondly,a sub-region is selected randomly by the WLMC sampling method.Visual saliency as prior is introduced into tracking framework where saliency of each sub-region is integrated into Markov Chain Monte Carlo acceptance mechanism to guide effective states sampling.Therefore the method can avoid overall sampling and improve sampling effectiveness.Experimental results demonstrate that our approach samples the states of target efficiently in whole state space and outperforms several state-of-the-arts algorithm.

  20. 王士祯的杜甫研究%Wang Shizhen's Study of Du Fu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文刚

    2012-01-01

    Wang Shizhen's study of Du Fu was characterized most prominently by his special research thought and methods under the guideline of combining Confucian thought and his romantic charm theory. He viewed Du's poems as "Du Fu's devout eloquence" and believed that "with sincere loyalty and patriotism, they are faithful to the current events and highly regarded as historical poems", "what they are far better than others is its faithfulness to the reality", and that their artistic greatness lay in the "grand narrative recording current events faithfully with new poetic meters", "which is fu's advantage, with the function of analogy? and punning". Additionally, Wang did an extensive research on Du Fu. For example, he conducted field studies to Du's living thought and poem content, did text research on certain names and descriptions in Du's poems, on their different versions, and studied Du's influence on the great poets of the later period from the perspective of communications.%王士祯研究杜甫的最大特点,就是将儒家思想与自己的神韵理论结合起来作为研究的指导思想,形成独到的思路与方法。他对杜诗的总体评价是"杜甫圣语"。他认为杜诗"纯以忠君爱国为气骨。故形之篇章,感时纪事,则人尊诗史之称","其大过人处在诚实耳"。论杜诗的艺术的伟大是"以雄辞直写时事,以创格而纾鸿文","此正一主于赋,而兼比兴之旨者也"。王士祯对杜甫的研究非常广泛。他游宦到杜甫漂泊和生活的地方,实地考察研究杜甫的生活思想和杜诗的内容。他考释杜诗的一些名物,研究杜诗的一些版本文字,还从传播学的角度研究杜甫对后世重要诗人的影响。

  1. Biographical verification of Wang Cun- A discussion on communications between Wang cun and Su shi%王存生平考--兼论王存与苏轼的交游

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻世华

    2014-01-01

    Wang Cun,born in Runzhou,is a very famous statesman and geographer of the North Song Dynasty. Though there are many researches on him,they are not sufficient,some of which even confuse public opinions. Sorting out his life stories helps to correct the understanding of facts and further analyzing his communications with Su Shi brings a clearer awareness of his political orientation.Exploiting Zhenjiang's historical and cultural resources not only benefits Zhenjing's tourism business,but also helps develop tourism resources in Zhenjiang as well.%王存是润州人,是北宋重臣、著名地理学家,但对其展开的研究是不充分的,甚至有混淆视听的现象。对其生平进行梳理,有助于匡正视听;对其与苏轼的交往进行梳理,有助于对其政治取向有更清楚的了解。这些对于深入挖掘镇江的历史文化资源、拓展镇江的旅游资源都是有益的。

  2. All-atom simulation study of protein PTH(1-34) by using the Wang-Landau sampling method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seung-Yeon [Korea National University of Transportation, Chungju (Korea, Republic of); Kwak, Woo-Seop [Chosun University, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-12-15

    We perform simulations of the N-terminal 34-residue protein fragment PTH(1-34), consisting of 581 atoms, of the 84-residue human parathyroid hormone by using the all-atom ECEPP/3 force field and the Wang-Landau sampling method. Through a massive high-performance computation, the density of states and the partition function Z(T), as a continuous function of T, are obtained for PTH(1-34). From the continuous partition function Z(T), the partition function zeros of PTH(1-34) are evaluated for the first time. From both the specific heat and the partition function zeros, two characteristic transition temperatures are obtained for the all-atom protein PTH(1-34). The higher transition temperature T{sub 1} and the lower transition temperature T{sub 2} of PTH(1-34) can be interpreted as the collapse temperature T{sub θ} and the folding temperature T{sub f} , respectively.

  3. 论王国维的悲观主义哲思%Study on the Pessimism Philosophy of Wang Guowei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李灵

    2013-01-01

    Wang Guowei's pessimistic philosophy has far-reaching influence to later scholars. He introduces Schopenhauer's pessimism into China in his early stage, translated and annotated it repeatedly and made pessimism in his works and commitments. He imposed the pessimistic meaning of Chinese culture in rigorous and open attitude. He was willing to take on the suffering caused by the tragedy and proved the desire and pain cannot be got rid of.%王国维的悲观哲学,对后世学者影响深远。他前期以世界性的眼光将叔本华的悲观主义引入我国,并将悲观主义哲思渗透在他的文学批评和文学创作中。他善于以严谨而又开放的态度去挖掘中国生命文化中隐含的悲观之义,以赤子的情怀承受由悲剧带来的苦难,并阐释了欲望与痛苦之不可摆脱。

  4. 王皓直拍横打技术诊断%WANG Hao’ s Pen-hold Backhand Technical Diagnostics

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张红霞

    2015-01-01

    运用文献资料、录像观察和数理统计等研究方法对王皓在第51届世界乒乓球锦标赛和第30届奥运会乒乓球单打半决赛、决赛4场比赛中直拍横打技战术运用特点进行统计分析,旨在探索直拍横打技术在比赛中的合理运用及不足之处,分析直拍横打的现状及发展趋势,为提高直拍横打技战术水平提供参考,也为进一步提高直拍快攻型打法的技战术水平提供科学理论依据。%By literature, video observation, mathematical statistics methods and so on WANG Hao ’ s Pen-hold Backhand tactics characteristic in the 51 st World Table Tennis Championships and the 30 th Olympic Games table tennis singles semifinals , finals four games are explored , and the rational use of inadequacies of Hold Backhand is discussed .The current situation and development trend is analyzed to improve the technical and tactical Pen -hold Backhand The scientific theory of fast break Pen-hold is provided .

  5. 论王逸的“自慰说”%Wang Yi's Theory of "Consoling Oneself"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何利娜

    2012-01-01

    Wang Yi put forward famous "Consoling Oneself" theory in ChuCiZhangJu,which made outstanding contributions for late literature."Consoling Oneself" theory contains rich cultural connotation,it represents the ancient Chinese men of literature and writing narcissism,shows the ancient Chinese literature to express emotions on performance of self inward literature characteristic,and points out the healing function of literary writing at the same time."Consoling Oneself" theory has profound theoretical significance on Chinese literary theory,and made the development of a far-reaching impact.%王逸在《楚辞章句序》里提出了著名的"自慰说",对中国后世文学理论的发展做出了突出的贡献。"自慰"理论包含了丰富的文化内涵,它表现了中国古代文人墨客的自恋情结,展现了中国古代文学注重感情抒发、注重表现自我的向内的文学特色,也体现了文学写作疗伤的功能,具有深刻的理论意义。

  6. From life state to ecological consciousness: on Wang Yangming's "natural principles of order within the realm of liang zhi"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Wang Yangming argues that the life state of a virtuous person is "forming one body with Heaven,Earth and the myriad things." For instance,in watching a child fall into a well,he cannot help feeling alarmed and commiserate;In observing the pitiful cries and frightened appearance of animals,he cannot help feeling "unable to bear" their suffering;In seeing plants destroyed or files shattered,he cannot help but feel pity and regret and so forth.At the same time,he also stresses that there is a natural order of values with the help of which a human being deals with the myriad things,namely the natural principles of order within the realm of liang zhi.From a practical perspective,Yangming integrated these two aspects into a spontaneously psychological "self-consciousness and an intuition of judgment and choice.Under its direction and instruction,human beings cannot only generally care for the myriad things,but also make reasonable use of them.Therefore,the significant reference to "the natural principles of order within the realm of liang zhi" involves the harmony between nature and human beings from life state to ecological consciousness.

  7. Optimized Wang-Landau sampling of lattice polymers: ground state search and folding thermodynamics of HP model proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P

    2012-08-14

    Coarse-grained (lattice-) models have a long tradition in aiding efforts to decipher the physical or biological complexity of proteins. Despite the simplicity of these models, however, numerical simulations are often computationally very demanding and the quest for efficient algorithms is as old as the models themselves. Expanding on our previous work [T. Wüst and D. P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 178101 (2009)], we present a complete picture of a Monte Carlo method based on Wang-Landau sampling in combination with efficient trial moves (pull, bond-rebridging, and pivot moves) which is particularly suited to the study of models such as the hydrophobic-polar (HP) lattice model of protein folding. With this generic and fully blind Monte Carlo procedure, all currently known putative ground states for the most difficult benchmark HP sequences could be found. For most sequences we could also determine the entire energy density of states and, together with suitably designed structural observables, explore the thermodynamics and intricate folding behavior in the virtually inaccessible low-temperature regime. We analyze the differences between random and protein-like heteropolymers for sequence lengths up to 500 residues. Our approach is powerful both in terms of robustness and speed, yet flexible and simple enough for the study of many related problems in protein folding.

  8. Optimized Wang-Landau sampling of lattice polymers: Ground state search and folding thermodynamics of HP model proteins

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wüst, Thomas; Landau, David P.

    2012-08-01

    Coarse-grained (lattice-) models have a long tradition in aiding efforts to decipher the physical or biological complexity of proteins. Despite the simplicity of these models, however, numerical simulations are often computationally very demanding and the quest for efficient algorithms is as old as the models themselves. Expanding on our previous work [T. Wüst and D. P. Landau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 102, 178101 (2009)], 10.1103/PhysRevLett.102.178101, we present a complete picture of a Monte Carlo method based on Wang-Landau sampling in combination with efficient trial moves (pull, bond-rebridging, and pivot moves) which is particularly suited to the study of models such as the hydrophobic-polar (HP) lattice model of protein folding. With this generic and fully blind Monte Carlo procedure, all currently known putative ground states for the most difficult benchmark HP sequences could be found. For most sequences we could also determine the entire energy density of states and, together with suitably designed structural observables, explore the thermodynamics and intricate folding behavior in the virtually inaccessible low-temperature regime. We analyze the differences between random and protein-like heteropolymers for sequence lengths up to 500 residues. Our approach is powerful both in terms of robustness and speed, yet flexible and simple enough for the study of many related problems in protein folding.

  9. Overcoming barriers in trajectory space: mechanism and kinetics of rare events via Wang-Landau enhanced transition path sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borrero, Ernesto E; Dellago, Christoph

    2010-10-07

    Within the framework of transition path sampling (TPS), activation energies can be computed as path ensemble averages without a priori information about the reaction mechanism [C. Dellago and P. G. Bolhuis, Mol. Simul. 30, 795 (2004)]. Activation energies computed for different conditions can then be used to determine by numerical integration the rate constant for a system of interest from the rate constant known for a reference system. However, in systems with complex potential energy surfaces, multiple reaction pathways may exist making ergodic sampling of trajectory space difficult. Here, we present a combination of TPS with the Wang-Landau (WL) flat-histogram algorithm for an efficient sampling of the transition path ensemble. This method, denoted by WL-TPS, has the advantage that from one single simulation, activation energies at different temperatures can be determined even for systems with multiple reaction mechanisms. The proposed methodology for rate constant calculations does not require the knowledge of the reaction coordinate and is generally applicable to Arrhenius and non-Arrhenius processes. We illustrate the applicability of this technique by studying a two-dimensional toy system consisting of a triatomic molecule immersed in a fluid of repulsive soft disks. We also provide an expression for the calculation of activation volumes from path averages such that the pressure dependence of the rate constant can be obtained by numerical integration.

  10. Wang--Landau algorithm for entropic sampling of arch-based microstates in the volume ensemble of static granular packings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Slobinsky

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available We implement the Wang-Landau algorithm to sample with equal probabilities the static configurations of a model granular system. The "non-interacting rigid arch model" used is based on the description of static configurations by means of splitting the assembly of grains into sets of stable arches. This technique allows us to build the entropy as a function of the volume of the packing for large systems. We make a special note of the details that have to be considered when defining the microstates and proposing the moves for the correct sampling in these unusual models. We compare our results with previous exact calculations of the model made at moderate system sizes. The technique opens a new opportunity to calculate the entropy of more complex granular models. Received: 19 January 2015, Accepted: 25 February 2015; Reviewed by: M. Pica Ciamarra, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore; Edited by: C. S. O'Hern; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4279/PIP.070001 Cite as: D Slobinsky, L A Pugnaloni, Papers in Physics 7, 070001 (2015

  11. The beautiful melody of Wang Luo-bin’s music literature%试论王洛宾音乐文学的旋律美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李婉芬

    2015-01-01

    Wang Luo-bin make outstanding contributions in the northwest minority folk songs transfer, we focus on the literary and art achievements on the level of his lyrics, but his beautiful melody of music literature also deserves attention. This article attempts from the perspective of melody beauty is discussed in a more comprehensive understanding Wang Luo-bin music literature artistic achievement.%王洛宾在传播西北少数民歌方面作出卓越的贡献,我们关注他歌词层面的文学性艺术成就,但是他音乐文学的旋律美同样值得关注。本文试图从旋律美的角度进行探讨,以此更加全面地认识王洛宾音乐文学的艺术成就。

  12. 论王若虚《史记辨惑》之史评%On Historical Criticism of Wang Ruoxu' s Comments on Historical Records

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张建伟

    2011-01-01

    金代王若虚《史记辨惑》对《史记》中的众多人物作了评价,由于时代不同,王若虚拘于儒家思想,不能理解司马迁的作史意图,其评论多有不当,包括天命说、对孔子的态度等方面。%Wang Ruoxu' s Comments on Historical Records appraised many historical figures in Historical Records. Wang was limited by Confucianism because of different times, so he did not understand Sima Qian' s intention. Wang' s criticisms were incor- rect, including determinism, attitude to Confucius and others.

  13. Public health impact of disease-behavior dynamics. Comment on "Coupled disease-behavior dynamics on complex networks: A review" by Z. Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, Chad R.; Galvani, Alison P.

    2015-12-01

    In a loop of dynamic feedback, behavior such as the decision to vaccinate, hand washing, or avoidance influences the progression of the epidemic, yet behavior is driven by the individual's and population's perceived risk of infection during an outbreak. In what we believe will become a seminal paper that stimulates future research as well as an informative teaching aid, Wang et. al. comprehensively review methodological advances that have been used to incorporate human behavior into epidemiological models on the effects of coupling disease transmission and behavior on complex social networks [1]. As illustrated by the recent outbreaks of measles and Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), here we highlight the importance of coupling behavior and disease transmission that Wang et al. address.

  14. Multi-GPU-based Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster algorithm for the simulation of two-dimensional q-state Potts model

    CERN Document Server

    Komura, Yukihiro

    2012-01-01

    We present the multiple GPU computing with the common unified device architecture (CUDA) for the Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster algorithm of two-dimensional (2D) q-state Potts model. Extending our algorithm for single GPU computing [Comp. Phys. Comm. 183 (2012) 1155], we realize the GPU computation of the Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster algorithm for multiple GPUs. We implement our code on the large-scale open science supercomputer TSUBAME 2.0, and test the performance and the scalability of the simulation of the 2D Potts model. The performance on Tesla M2050 using 256 GPUs is obtained as 37.3 spin flips per a nano second for the q=2 Potts model (Ising model) at the critical temperature with the linear system size L=65536.

  15. The spring day mood-the most unconvention voice of susan wang%春日心情 Susan Wang的别致声音

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蓝蝴蝶

    2005-01-01

    @@ 在香港狭小的土地上,乐坛似乎被商业所掩盖,但在那狭小的空间里总存在着那么一小群为音乐而歌唱的群体,从早年的Black Box,胡蓓蔚.恭硕良,直到今天发现了一个于笔者的印象里的新面孔--Susan Wang.

  16. 《高林汪氏宗谱》中张英佚文述略%On Zhang Ying’s Article in Wang Family Genealogy of Gaolin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江小角; 朱杨

    2013-01-01

    Three missing articles of Zhang Ying of Tongcheng have been found in Wang Family Genealogy of Gaolin, that is, “The Introduction of Wang Family Genealogy of Gaolin”, “The Biography of Er Yu Gong” and “The Introduction of Wang’s Aunt Hu Tai-ruren’s Eighty Years’ Birthday”, which are of literature and certain research value. Zhang Ying has introduced the development of Wang family of Gao Lin, its compiling characteristics, his comments on compiling genealogy and his profound friendship with Wang Dewen. At the same time, appreciating Er Yu Gong and Hu Tai-ruren very much, he also writes a preface and biography to sing them.%桐城《高林汪氏宗谱》中有张英佚文三篇,即《高林汪氏宗谱序》、《尔玉公传》和《汪老伯母胡太孺人八秩荣寿序》,具有一定的文献价值和研究价值。张英介绍高林汪氏家族发展和纂修宗谱的特点,阐述自己对修谱等相关问题的认识,叙述同汪德雯的深厚情谊;同时,张英对尔玉公和胡太孺人十分景仰,撰写传记和寿序以颂之。

  17. 王宏撰理学思想初探%A Tentative Study of Wang Hong- zhuan' s Neo- confucianism Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘党库

    2012-01-01

    以王宏撰两次理学答论为主要线索,以理学范畴的逻辑先后为次序,分别从本体论和工夫论两方面加以探讨,可以发现王宏撰理学思想之真趣。王宏撰理学之本体论属理本论。就理气关系而言,他认为“理气本一”,反对“理能生气”说。工夫论方面,着重探讨了王宏撰的“格物”论。其“格物”坚持朱子“即物穷理”说,反对“格去物欲”说。王宏撰是明代关学学人中既坚持朱子而又修正朱子的学者之一。%Centered on Wang Hong - zhuan' s neo - confucianism Thought, this paper follows its logic sequence, discusses the theory of Ontology and theory of spiritual cultivation, so the real meaning of his thought ear be found The theory of Ontology in Wang Hong - zhuan' s neo - confucianism Thought belongs to the theory that Li is noumenon. As for the relation between Li and Qi, he insists on the wholeness of Li and Qi and opposes that Li may lead to Qi. As for the theory of spiritual cultivation, Wang Hong - zhuan' s theory of investigating things is explored. He insists on Zhu Xi' s theory of exploration for rules and objects to the theory of material desire. Wang Hong - zhuan is one of the scholars in the Gaunzhong School of the Ming Dynasty, who are in favor of and revise Zhu Xi' s theory.

  18. Comment on the paper "Extensive theoretical studies of a new energetic material: tetrazino-tetrazine-tetraoxide (TTTO)" by Xinli Song, Jicun Li, Hua Hou, and Baoshan Wang.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, Kameron R; Wilson, Angela K

    2012-09-15

    Discrepancies are noted in the implementation and presentation of the ccCA methodology in a previous publication, "Extensive Theoretical Studies of a New Energetic Material: Tetrazino-tetrazine-tetraoxide (TTTO)" by Xinli Song, Jicun Li, Hua Hou, and Baoshan Wang. The enthalpy of formation for TTTO has been re-evaluated using the correct implementation of the ccCA methodology, demonstrating the results to be comparable to those of other ab initio composite methods. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Correction and Supplement on the Biography of Wang Boyan in Song History%《宋史·汪伯彦传》补正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云军

    2011-01-01

    汪伯彦(1069—1141),祁门(今属安徽)人。北宋徽宗朝进士。南宋高宗朝历任知枢密院事、右仆射兼中书侍郎等。以宋代史料为主,对《宋史·汪伯彦传》进行补正,补正范围主要是对其记载简略之处的史实补充以及与《宋史》本传记载有歧义之处的史料对比。%Wang Boyan(1069—1141) was from QiMen(now part of Anhui) who passed the examination in HuiZong Emperor.During Southern Song Dynasty,GaoZong Emperor,he served as a Manager of the Bureau Military,the Grand Councilor and so on.Based on the historical data of Song Dynasty mainly,the author of this paper makes correction and supplement on the Biography of Wang Boyan in Song History,mainly gives supplement to the brief records of the historical facts and makes the comparison of the different interpretations between the historical facts in the Biography of Wang Boyan in Song History and that in Song History itself.

  20. Discussion on Professor WANG Lie's Academic Ideas of Treating Pediatric Asthma%王烈治疗小儿哮喘的学术思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周静冬

    2013-01-01

    Being as the pediatric asthma expert, professor WANG Lie has cured countless asthma children, and has accumulated rich experience. Professor WANG has many unique understanding of asthma. This paper aims to seek professor WANG's academic thoughts and asthma medicine experience, focusing on asthma exacted root; regulating qi movement; treating sputum mainly; attention to invigorate blood,and hopes that these academic thoughts can be widely spreaded,which should be used for clinicians and benefits the children.%被誉为“小儿哮喘专家”的王烈教授,治愈哮喘患儿无数,毕生积累了丰富的经验,对哮喘的认识有很多创新独到之处,诊治更是得心应手.文章旨在探求王老论治哮喘的学术思想及用药经验,侧重从哮喘夙根;调理气机;治痰为要;重视活血四个方面进行论述,希望王老的学术思想广为传播,为临床医生所用,造福小儿.

  1. 王国三治疗癫痫经验%Experience of WANG Guo-san in treating epilepsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵立新; 张春丽; 赵建新

    2011-01-01

    王国三认为癫痫在急性发作期以痰扰心窍为关键,非急性发作期尤以肾虚是癫痫发病之根.总结其治法与用药特点,急性发作期重在清心豁痰开窍,善用栀子、石菖蒲、远志、瓜蒌、生半夏等;潜镇安神法贯彻始终,常用龙骨、牡蛎、紫贝齿、磁石、龙齿、珍珠母等;非急性发作期以调补气血为主,喜用太子参、当归、白芍、龙眼肉、柏子仁、酸枣仁等,并注重温阳补肾,善用补骨脂、巴戟天、肉苁蓉、淫羊藿等.并认为多数就诊患者病程已久,或久服抗癫痫西药有副作用,切勿一味疏肝理气,或一派虫类熄风止痉,必须时时顾护正气.%According to the theory made by WANG Guo-san, it is critical that the phlegm blocked the heart in the acute stage,kidney asthenia is the fundamental reason of epilepsy's occurrence out of acute stage. Make summary of his medication experience,the methods of clearing the heart,sweeping phlegm and opening the orifices are very important in acute stage,the herbs of common gardenia fruit,thinleaf milkwort root,mongolian snakegourd fruit and ternate pinellia are commonly used.The methods of subduing,settling and quieting the spirit remain consistent from the start to the very end, the herbs of dragon's bones,common oyster shell,arabia cowry shell,magnetite,dragon's teeth and nacre crc.are commonly used. In the non acute stage, the methods of regulating qi and blood are mainly suggested,the commonly used herbs are different leaves pseudostellaria root tuber, chinese angelica, white peony root, dried longan pulp, chinese arborvilae seed and spine date seed. Meanwhile,the methods of warming yang and invigorating the kidney are emphasized usually,suggested herbs including fructus psoraleae,medicinal morinda root,desertliving cistanche herb,short-homed epimedium herb etc. Doctor WANG also believes that most patients have long disease history,the anti-epileptic have side effect.In avoiding of the

  2. First-order interface localization-delocalization transition in thin Ising films using Wang-Landau sampling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, B. J.; Binder, K.; Müller, M.

    2005-04-01

    Using extensive Monte Carlo simulations, we study the interface localization-delocalization transition of a thin Ising film with antisymmetric competing walls for a set of parameters where the transition is strongly first order. This is achieved by estimating the density of states (DOS) of the model by means of Wang-Landau sampling (WLS) in the space of energy, using both single-spin-flip as well as N -fold way updates. From the DOS we calculate canonical averages related to the configurational energy, like the internal energy and the specific heat, as well as the free energy and the entropy. By sampling microcanonical averages during simulations we also compute thermodynamic quantities related to magnetization like the reduced fourth-order cumulant of the order parameter. We estimate the triple temperatures of infinitely large systems for three different film thicknesses via finite size scaling of the positions of the maxima of the specific heat, the minima of the cumulant, and the equal weight criterion for the energy probability distribution. The wetting temperature of the semi-infinite system is computed with help of the Young equation. In the limit of large film thicknesses the triple temperatures are seen to converge toward the wetting temperature of the corresponding semi-infinite Ising model in accordance with standard capillary wave theory. We discuss the slowing down of WLS in energy space as observed for the larger film thicknesses and lateral linear dimensions. In the case of WLS in the space of total magnetization we find evidence that the slowing down is reduced and can be attributed to persisting free energy barriers due to shape transitions.

  3. First-order interface localization-delocalization transition in thin Ising films using Wang-Landau sampling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schulz, B J; Binder, K; Müller, M

    2005-04-01

    Using extensive Monte Carlo simulations, we study the interface localization-delocalization transition of a thin Ising film with antisymmetric competing walls for a set of parameters where the transition is strongly first order. This is achieved by estimating the density of states (DOS) of the model by means of Wang-Landau sampling (WLS) in the space of energy, using both single-spin-flip as well as N-fold way updates. From the DOS we calculate canonical averages related to the configurational energy, like the internal energy and the specific heat, as well as the free energy and the entropy. By sampling micro-canonical averages during simulations we also compute thermodynamic quantities related to magnetization like the reduced fourth-order cumulant of the order parameter. We estimate the triple temperatures of infinitely large systems for three different film thicknesses via finite size scaling of the positions of the maxima of the specific heat, the minima of the cumulant, and the equal weight criterion for the energy probability distribution. The wetting temperature of the semi-infinite system is computed with help of the Young equation. In the limit of large film thicknesses the triple temperatures are seen to converge toward the wetting temperature of the corresponding semi-infinite Ising model in accordance with standard capillary wave theory. We discuss the slowing down of WLS in energy space as observed for the larger film thicknesses and lateral linear dimensions. In the case of WLS in the space of total magnetization we find evidence that the slowing down is reduced and can be attributed to persisting free energy barriers due to shape transitions.

  4. 王阳明乡治思想探析%On Wang Yangming's Rural Governance Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任健

    2011-01-01

    在阳明的文录、公移、告喻、奏折、诗文中,有诸多乡治思想。阳明在庐陵、南赣、汀漳、上杭、丰和、崇义、思田等地平定叛乱、赈济灾民、减免赋税、兴办书院社学、实行保甲制度、制定乡规乡约、推行土官自治、疏通盐法、设立县治等都是其乡治思想的体现,表现为宽猛相济、恩威并重、德法兼施等特点。%Wang Yangming' s philosophical theory system is well known and paid great attention and expected while his political achievements especially the rural governance thought are seldom emphasized by academic field. Factually, there is a great deal of rural governance thought in his articles, records, poems and submissions to the emperor, he established village and town schools, formulated village regulations, carried out local government official autonomy pol- icy, established the rural schools, strengthened the Baojia system, relieved the victims of the natural calamity, cut down or excused the tax, dredged the salt regulation and established the county government during in the south of Jian- gxi, Luling, Shanghang, Chongyi, Pinghe, Sizhou and Tianzhou. He made a lot of achievements there, which embodies his rural governance thought. He integrated moral cultivation and force in the process of rural governance, which manifests the characteristic of using lenience and force, affection and power, morality and legality in his rural governance theory and practice.

  5. Characterization and Optimization of Amylase Production in WangLB, a High Amylase-Producing Strain of Bacillus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Shihui; Jeyaseelan, Jenasia; Liu, Yun; Qin, Wensheng

    2016-09-01

    The costs of amylase represent ca. 24 % of the expenditures in the starch industry and an increase in amylase production and/or activity will greatly cut down on production costs. In the present study, we obtained a high amylase-producing strain of bacteria, WangLB, and identified it as a member of the Bacillus genus based on 16S rDNA analysis. The fermentation conditions for amylase production in the strain were optimized, and the maximum amylase activity we obtained was 26,670 ± 1390 U/mL, under the optimized conditions of 48-h incubation in liquid starch medium, 35 °C, pH 10, 1 % v/v inoculum concentration, 20 g/L starch concentration, and 0.1 % w/v peptone. The influences of 16 small organic inducers on amylase production were tested, and the results showed that 20 mmol/L alanine greatly enhanced amylase production to 290 % of the baseline level. We also conducted an amylase enzymology analysis. The molecular weight of the amylase was 55 kD, determined by SDS-PAGE. The optimum temperature and pH for the amylase were 55 °C and pH 9, respectively. The enzyme also showed high activity over a wide range of temperatures (50-85 °C) and pH values (3-10), and the activity of the amylase was Ca(2+) independent. The kinetic parameters K m and V max were 0.37 ± 0.02 mg/mL and 233 U/mg, respectively. Finally, the amylase was applied to the hydrolysis of five different brands of starch. It was found that the hydrolyzability of the substrate by amylase increased along with starch solubility.

  6. The Road I Have Taken for China-Japan Friendship——Interview with CJFA Vice President Wang Xiaoxian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang; Lei

    2014-01-01

    Ms.Wang Xiaoxian was born in Laoting County,Hebei Province,in 1930,and graduated from the Japanese Language Specialty of the Department of Oriental Languages and Literature of Peking University.From the 1950s,she has been engaged in the work of developing China-Japan friendship,and was personally involved in a series of important events such as normalization of China-Japan diplomatic relations,signing of the Sino-Japanese Peace and Friendship Treaty,etc.She successively served as Deputy Division Chief and Division Chief of the Department of Asian Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,Counselor of the Chinese Embassy in Japan,Director-General of the Department of Japanese Affairs of the Chinese People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries(CPAFFC)and Vice President of the CPAFFC.She was elected Delegate to the Twelfth National Congress of the Communist Party of China,Member of the Eighth National Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference(CPPCC),and Member of the Ninth CPPCC National Committee and its Foreign Affairs Committee.On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the CPAFFC in 2014,she was interviewed about the road she had taken for China-Japan friendship.In the present diffi cult situation of China-Japan relations,it is of great importance to consider and learn from the experience and wisdom of the older generation.The following is the summary of the interview.

  7. On Wang Gen's Thoughts about Reclusion and Destiny%论王艮的出处与造命

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张树俊

    2013-01-01

      The Taizhou school founder Wang Gen was also a philosopher in Min dynasty; he inherited the traditional ideas on "seclusion" and put forward his unique idea about it. His basic idea was that a talent should get involved in political activities and contribute to the society. However he also believed that whether to live a reclusive life or take an official post is closely related to an individual's moral principles; therefore, no matter what kind of life one is going to lead, he should think about the issue of self-respect and self-preservation; meanwhile Wan believed that a wise man can create his own destiny and should take initiative to change his destiny.%  泰州学派创始人、明代平民哲学家王艮,在继承传统出处思想的同时,又从他的身本思想出发,提出了独特的出处观点。他的出处思想的基调是出而见龙,努力为社会作出贡献,同时他又认为,“出处”乃是“大节”问题,“出”与“处”都有要考虑尊身、保身的问题。此外,王艮还要求人们在注意尊身、保身的同时,发扬“大人造命”的主体精神,充分发挥自己的主观能动性。

  8. Epilepsy Expert Wang Fulong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    EpilepsyExpertWangFulongWangFulongbeingreceivedbyPresidentJiangZeminandtheChinesePremieratagatheringinhonorofdistinguishedyou...

  9. Scholar in the Chamber:A Study of Wang Duan (1793-1839) and Her Family%才女汪端(1793-1839)及其家人之生平考述∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盧志虹

    2012-01-01

    Wang Duan (汪端) , one of the most erudite women in traditional China, re-ceived appreciation and recognition because of her exceptional scholarly achievement among talented women during the Ming-Qing period. This article studies her biogra-phy in detail and in depth from a chronological framework, with emphasis given to her interaction with key members of the families of her parents and her husband. The life experiences of Wang Duan and these relatives are brought to reveal the social and cul-tural atmosphere of the mid-Qing period. In the early 19 th century, when social order and discipline in China showed signs of gradual disintegration, frustrated literati struggled for self-esteem and looked for al-ternative ladder of success to make a living. They also seemed to be open-minded and flexible when dealing with female talents. In the meantime, writing by female authors became abundant in the Jiangnan region, and the circles of appreciation also expand-ed. Wang Duan was born into a prestigious family in Hangzhou. The history of her family distinguishes itself in its reputed private library. Despite the family’s low-pro-file in the political sphere, it was able to form marriage alliance with a native Grand Secretary’s family. Wang Duan was the descendant of this alliance and she benefited from the cultural status of both families in the region. Her won family’s misfortune, on the other hand, warmed the relationship of father and children as well as that of sib-lings. The misfortune also invited special concerns to Wang Duan from senior relatives who were notables even holding no government offices. They nurtured her in her intel-lectual judgment and courage. This family background, and Wang Duan’s education and experience in her youth, could be seen from the family’s genealogies and her col-lected work of poems and prose, which the present study make full use of. Marriage was always seen as a major obstacle to the intellectual pursuit of talent

  10. 王阳明心学诗论新探%A New Insight into Wang Yangming's Poetics on Philosophy of Mind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华建新

    2011-01-01

    王阳明心学诗论是对先秦儒家诗论的传承和超越,也是对朱熹理学诗论的反拨。阳明心学诗论是建筑在“良知本体论”之上的,主张诗道合一、诗情合一、诗教合一,并通向诗意的人生乐境。阳明心学诗论开启了心境自由、诗化人生的自得世界,对明中以降的诗学发展产生了深远的影响,并提供了鲜活的理论资源。%Wang Yangming's poetics on the philosophy of the mind is the inheritance and the transcendence of the Confucian poetics in the Pre - Qin Period and is also the washback of Zhu Xi's Neo - Confucian poetics. Wang Yangming's poetics on the philosophy of the mind is based on his conscience ontology, advocating the in- tegration of poetry with Confucian doctrine, personal passion and general education, and leading to the joyful poetic life. Wang Yangming's poetics opens up the self - satisfied world of free thinking and poetic life, and has its universal value. Since the mid- Ming Dynasty it has exerted a great influence on the poetic develop- ment, and provided fresh theoretical resources.

  11. 论王尚文的语文教育思想%A Discussion on Wang Shangwen's Chinese Education Thought

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡中方

    2012-01-01

    王尚文对语文教育的贡献在于构建了独特的语文教育理论体系,这个体系以人文论、语感论、对话论为三大支柱,三个方面互为印证、互为补充。王尚文认为,语文学科的基本性质是人文性,而非工具性;语文学科的教学任务在于培养语感,而非传授语言知识;语文学科的教学活动是读者与文本之间、教师与学生之间的对话,语感只能来自主体与文本、与生活的对话实践之中。语文教学的根本目标是培养学生正确理解和运用祖国语言文字的能力,因此,语文课应该着力于养成和强化学生的语文意识。%Wang Shangwen's contribution to Chinese education is that he has constructed unique Chinese education thought which includes three systems of humanism, language sense theory and dialogism, each testing and complementing the others. Professor Wang thinks humonism instead of instrumentalism is the nature of Chinese, that language sense cultivation, not language k~owledge, is the teaching task, that Chinese teaching activities take place in dialogues between readers and texts, teachers and students, that language sense comes from the subject and the texts and life. Professor Wang emphasizes it is the ability to understand and use the native language that should be teaching. Therefore, cultivating and enhancing students' Chinese awareness is the ke tivated in Chinese be focused on.

  12. Discusses on the View of Filial Piety in Wang Fanzhi's Poems%试论王梵志诗中的孝道观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李盼

    2011-01-01

    Wang Fanzhi is a special character in the Tang Dynasty,whose poems are popular in Buddhism and the people at the bottom of society.However,there is no record about him in history and all Tang Poems.One of the important contents in poems,written by Wang Fanzhi,is advocating filial piety.By reading poems in detail,it discusses the special view of filial piety in Wang Fanzhi's poems,which explains the essence from Buddhism and the specific content from Confucianism and embodies the process of combination of Buddhism and Confucianism and the social reality.It has a highly value and meaning.%王梵志是唐代一位极其特殊人物,其诗在佛教弟子和广大底层人民中间流行其广,但在史书、全唐诗中不见其人。"提倡孝"是王梵志诗重要的内容,故从细读文本出发来探索王梵志诗中体现的特殊的孝道观:从现实出发,用佛教理论阐述"孝"的本质;依照儒家思想规定孝行的具体内容。这体现了唐代儒佛孝道观结合的进程和唐代的社会现实,极具价值和意义。

  13. ISO 9000 Family Standards in China——Interview with Wang Zhongmin, President of CNIS, at ISO/TC 176 Meeting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    China Standardization:Could you please talk about the promotion and development of ISO 9000 family standards in China?Wang Zhongmin:China began the implementation of national standards equivalent to ISO 9000-1987 on August 1,1989.On December 2,1989,CSBTS/TC 151 was established responsible for the development,revision,promotion and implementation of national standards concerning quality management and quality assurance,coordinating with ISO/TC 176.China started the implementation of equivalent national standards in 1992,converted ISO 9000 series standards respectively in 1994,2000 and 2008,and made great efforts in promotion and implementation of those standards.

  14. The analysis of the beautiful of WANG Wei poem's phonological rhetoric%浅析王维诗歌的语音修辞美

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春霞

    2013-01-01

    With the aid of phonological rhetoric, such as symmetrical syllable, alternate tone patterns, natural beat, harmonious poetic feat and picturesque geminate , WANG Wei made his poem more picturesque and viv-id, giving the people the feeling of beauty.%  王维在诗中借助语音修辞---音节匀称、平仄相间、节拍自然、韵脚和谐、叠音生动,使表意更加生动形象,给人以美的感受。

  15. Professor WANG Shou-chuan's experience in treating pediatric lung system diseases%汪受传教授治疗小儿肺系疾病经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王明明

    2011-01-01

    To introduce Professor WANG Shou-chuan's experience in treating pediatric lung system diseases. Professor WANG puts forward that the method of treating recurrent respiratory tract infection is to regulate yingqi and weiqi with modified guizhi longgu muli decoction for patients with disharmony between yingqi and weiqi and invigorate the lung and the spleen with modified yupingfeng powder and yigong powder for patients with deficiency of lung and spleen qi. Professor WANG thinks that the method of treating bronchial asthma is to expel wind, resolve phlegm, consolidate vital base and resist wind. In the acute stage of bronchial asthma the method is to expel wind, resolve phlegm and promote the lung in dispersing and descending. In the remission stage of bronchial asthma the method is to invigorate the qi, blood, yin and yang of the lung, the spleen and the kidney in order to consolidate vital base and resist wind in the end.Professor WANG believes that that heat, depression, phlegm and blood stasis are the main pathological mechanism of child viral pneumonia, the methods of treating viral pneumonia is to clear heat, eliminate depression, dissipate phlegm and remove blood stasis.%文章介绍汪受传教授治疗小儿肺系疾病的临床经验.汪教授提出,反复呼吸道感染患儿营卫失和者常用桂枝加龙骨牡蛎汤加减,以调和营卫,肺脾气虚者常用玉屏风散合异功散加减,以补肺理脾;支气管哮喘治从祛风化痰、固本御风,哮喘发作时当祛风化痰、宣肃肺气,哮喘缓解期应补益肺脾肾之气血阴阳,最终固本以御风;热、郁、痰、瘀为小儿病毒性肺炎的主要病理要素,病毒性肺炎当治从清热解郁涤痰化瘀.

  16. Epigenetic battle of the sexes. Comment on: ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Song

    2017-03-01

    Qian Wang et al. present an interesting framework, named epigenetic game theory, for modeling sex-based epigenetic dynamics during embryogenesis from a new viewpoint of evolutionary game theory [1]. That is, epigenomes of sperms and oocytes may coordinate through either cooperation or competition, or both, to affect the fitness of embryos. The work uses a set of ordinary differential equations (ODEs) to describe longitudinal trajectories of DNA methylation levels in both parental and maternal gametes and their dependence on each other. The insights gained from this review, i.e. dynamic methylation profiles and their interaction are potentially important to many fields, such as biomedicine and agriculture.

  17. Improved CUDA programs for GPU computing of Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster spin flip algorithm: 2D and 3D Ising, Potts, and XY models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Komura, Yukihiro; Okabe, Yutaka

    2016-03-01

    We present new versions of sample CUDA programs for the GPU computing of the Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster spin flip algorithm. In this update, we add the method of GPU-based cluster-labeling algorithm without the use of conventional iteration (Komura, 2015) to those programs. For high-precision calculations, we also add a random-number generator in the cuRAND library. Moreover, we fix several bugs and remove the extra usage of shared memory in the kernel functions.

  18. Mythology of Xi Wang Mu. The Heritage of Goddess Civilization%西王母神话:女神文明的中国遗产

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶舒宪

    2011-01-01

    以多重证据法发掘神话背后的历史信息,探考西王母神话中两大要素与华夏史前文化大传统的渊源关系,即女神崇拜和美玉崇拜(拜物教),还原欧亚大陆史前“女神文明”大背景,解析夏商周三代以来地域文化兴衰更替的线索,说明玉山与玉胜形象发生的考古实物原型,揭示后起的儒家河图洛书新神话系统如何继承和改造美玉崇拜、排斥和遮蔽女神崇拜,使西王母形象被道教接纳和再造,削弱其独立女神的地位,匹配男性神祗东王公或玉皇大帝。%This paper,with multiple evidence law,explores the historical information behind the myth,does the research about the relationship between the two primary elements of Xi Wang Mu Mythology and China prehistoric cultural traditions,namely goddess worship and jade worship(fetishism),restores the background about the prehistoric"goddess worship"of Eurasia, analyzes the cultural prosperity and fading of three dynasties(Xia dynasties,Shang dynasties, Zhou dynasties) , and accounts for the archaeological physical prototype originating from the im- age of Yushan mountain Yusheng(a kind of headwear made of Jade). This paper also reveals the inheritance and transformation of the Meiyu worship by the Confucian mythology system which discriminates against and shadowing the goddess worship ; the image of Xi Wang Mu is accepted but transformed by Taoism which weakens the independence of Xi Wang Mu and makes her mate of male deity Dong Wang Gong or Jade Emperor.

  19. Summary of the Research on Wang Chuansong’ s Performing Arts%王传淞表演艺术研究述略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周立波

    2014-01-01

    The contribution of Wang Chuansong to kunqu opera, especially the stage performance of clown and fu-chou role plays a very important role for the development and inheritance of kunqu opera. The research on Wang Chuansong over half a century covers a wide range of areas, including the research on biographical information, stage performance and his school and origin of kunqu opera.%王传淞对昆剧艺术的贡献,特别是对昆剧丑行和副行舞台表演的贡献,为昆剧艺术的发展和传承起到了十分重要的作用。综观半个多世纪对王传淞的研究,所涉猎的领域十分广泛,既有对其生平资料的研究,也有对其舞台表演的研究,还有对其昆剧家门的研究。

  20. “你把娄阿鼠演活了”--记昆剧名丑王传淞%On Famous Clown Role of Kunqu Opera Wang Chuansong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施王伟

    2014-01-01

    苏州昆剧传习所培养出来的“传”字辈演员优秀者甚多,王传淞更是其中杰出的一位。“学戏”、“演戏”、“教戏”三个部分内容反映王传淞的艺术人生,缅怀先生对艺术的追求和对表演独到的见解,以激励后学迎头赶上,将昆剧事业发扬光大,也希望对今天的昆剧艺术及戏曲艺术人才培养等有所帮助和启示。%There are many excellent performers in “Chuan” generation from Suzhou Kunqu Opera Training School, among who Wang Chuansong is outstanding. The three stages of“learning” “performing” and“teaching” drama re-flect Wang Chuansong’ s artistic life, pursuit of art and insight into performance. It may motivate descendants to develop the career of kunqu opera and inspire today’ s kunqu opera art as well as the training of talents of traditional Chinese opera.

  1. 王莽的“所得”课税思想初探%A Tentative Study on Wang Mang's Idea of "Income" Taxation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任丽伟; 马也坤

    2011-01-01

    通过对王莽经济改革中五均赊贷、对名山大泽的征课及酒专卖制度的分析,说明王莽所课之税确为所得税。同时对这种"所得"课税思想不能为后世所用的原因进行了剖析,为今天的所得税课征提供借鉴。%Wang Mang's policy of "average prices of the five cities and buying on credit and loan",taxation of mountains and rivers as well as the wine monopoly policy in the economic reform are analyzed.It is pointed out that the tax that Wang Mang collects is income tax.The reasons why this idea of "income" taxation can't be adopted by later generations are discussed,giving some enlightenment to contemporary income taxation.

  2. 阳明“心学”重在工夫%Effort - Key of Wang Yang - ming' s School of Mind

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁新昌

    2012-01-01

    Wang Yang - ming' s School of Mind focuses on effort. His knowledge obtained from the comprehension of root of life and the limit of life is about life, a theory of Effort Metaphysics establishing Metaphysics from effort. Although Confucian' s three elements (the original substance, spheres of living and effort) are identical, Wang Yang- ming's "extending the intuitive knowledge" specially emphasizes the meaning of effort. "Intuitive knowl- edge" is what human being need for a settled life. "Extending the intuitive knowledge" is fundamental effort.%阳明"心学"重在工夫。阳明的学问是从对生命之根和生命之限的透悟上得来的,他的学问是生命的学问,他的学说是工夫形而上学,他从工夫出发建立形而上学。虽然儒家的本体、境界、工夫三者是同一的,而王阳明的"致良知"则更突出工夫的意义。他的"良知"是人的立命之处,"致良知"是基本的工夫。

  3. 论汪野亭瓷板画之渊源%The Origin Tracing of Wang Yeting’s Porcelain Plate Paintings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王小梅

    2013-01-01

    汪野亭,近代著名的瓷艺家,在继承王翬豪放的绘画风格、沈周清丽厚的作画特点与石涛“搜尽奇峰打草稿”创作精神的基础上,他形成自己独特的瓷板画创作风格,在瓷板画领域开创汪氏一派新式粉彩技法,成就了自己极高的艺术造诣,为后世留下无数瓷板画优秀之作。%Wang Yeting, the famous ceramic artists in modern times, has inherited Wang Hui’s bold painting style, Shen Zhou’s fresh and thick painting artistry and Tao’s painting spirit of“exhaust mountain peaks to make a draft”. On this basis he formed his porcelain plate painting style, created new pastel painting, achieved high attainments and left countless excellent porcelain plate painting.

  4. Examining the phase transition behavior of amphiphilic lipids in solution using statistical temperature molecular dynamics and replica-exchange Wang-Landau methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gai, Lili; Vogel, Thomas; Maerzke, Katie A; Iacovella, Christopher R; Landau, David P; Cummings, Peter T; McCabe, Clare

    2013-08-07

    Two different techniques - replica-exchange Wang-Landau (REWL) and statistical temperature molecular dynamics (STMD) - were applied to systematically study the phase transition behavior of self-assembling lipids as a function of temperature using an off-lattice lipid model. Both methods allow the direct calculation of the density of states with improved efficiency compared to the original Wang-Landau method. A 3-segment model of amphiphilic lipids solvated in water has been studied with varied particle interaction energies (ε) and lipid concentrations. The phase behavior of the lipid molecules with respect to bilayer formation has been characterized through the calculation of the heat capacity as a function of temperature, in addition to various order parameters and general visual inspection. The simulations conducted by both methods can go to very low temperatures with the whole system exhibiting well-ordered structures. With optimized parameters, several bilayer phases are observed within the temperature range studied, including gel phase bilayers with frozen water, mixed water (i.e., frozen and liquid water), and liquid water, and a more fluid bilayer with liquid water. The results obtained from both methods, STMD and REWL, are consistently in excellent agreement with each other, thereby validating both the methods and the results.

  5. Examining the phase transition behavior of amphiphilic lipids in solution using statistical temperature molecular dynamics and replica-exchange Wang-Landau methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gai, Lili; Vogel, Thomas; Maerzke, Katie A.; Iacovella, Christopher R.; Landau, David P.; Cummings, Peter T.; McCabe, Clare

    2013-08-01

    Two different techniques - replica-exchange Wang-Landau (REWL) and statistical temperature molecular dynamics (STMD) - were applied to systematically study the phase transition behavior of self-assembling lipids as a function of temperature using an off-lattice lipid model. Both methods allow the direct calculation of the density of states with improved efficiency compared to the original Wang-Landau method. A 3-segment model of amphiphilic lipids solvated in water has been studied with varied particle interaction energies (ɛ) and lipid concentrations. The phase behavior of the lipid molecules with respect to bilayer formation has been characterized through the calculation of the heat capacity as a function of temperature, in addition to various order parameters and general visual inspection. The simulations conducted by both methods can go to very low temperatures with the whole system exhibiting well-ordered structures. With optimized parameters, several bilayer phases are observed within the temperature range studied, including gel phase bilayers with frozen water, mixed water (i.e., frozen and liquid water), and liquid water, and a more fluid bilayer with liquid water. The results obtained from both methods, STMD and REWL, are consistently in excellent agreement with each other, thereby validating both the methods and the results.

  6. 汪氏失眠综合问卷(WIIQ)的临床应用解读%The interpretation of clinical application to Wang integrated insomnia questionnair

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐常荣; 董徐斌; Birling Yoann; 冯帆; 田辰辰; 汪卫东

    2016-01-01

    汪氏失眠综合问卷(WIIQ)由中国中医科学院广安门医院汪卫东教授及其团队根据几十年的临床经验与研究编制而成,问卷涵盖失眠患者的睡眠习惯、失眠特点和原因、人格特点等,系统把握患者失眠的发病过程,对于临床治疗起到针对性的指导作用,提高临床诊疗效率。本文就汪氏失眠综合问卷(WIIQ)的临床应用进行解读,为开展临床失眠评估与治疗提供参考。%Wang integrated insomnia questionnair (WIIQ)was compiled from decades of clinical experience and re-search by professor Wang Weidong and his team.The questionnair cover sleep hygiene、insomnia features and account、personality traits etc,system grasp the pathogenesis of insomnia,provide specific guidance for clinical treatment,which can improve the efficiency of clinical diagnosis and treatment.This article mainly to interprete the clinical application of WIIQ,provide reference for clinical evaluation and treatment of insomnia.

  7. Grateloupia tenuis Wang et Luan sp. nov. (Halymeniaceae, Rhodophyta: A New Species from South China Sea Based on Morphological Observation and rbcL Gene Sequences Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling Yu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Grateloupia tenuis Wang et Luan sp. nov. is a new species described from Lingshui, Hainan Province, South China Sea. Based on the external form and internal structure, combined with rbcL gene sequence analysis, Grateloupia tenuis is distinct from other Grateloupia species as follows: (1 thalli is slippery and cartilaginous in texture; possess fewer branches, relatively slight main axes, and two or three dichotomous branches; (2 cortex is 5-6 layers; medulla is solid when young, but hollow in old branches; reproductive structures are dispersed in main axes of thalli and lower portions of branchlets; exhibits Grateloupia-type auxiliary cell ampullae; (3 the four studied G. tenuis sequences were positioned in a large Grateloupia clade of Halymeniaceae, which included sister group generitype G. filicina with 68 bp differences; G. tenuis was determined to be a sister taxon to the G. catenata, G. ramosissima, G. orientalis, and G. filiformis subclade. The pairwise distances between G. tenuis and these species were 39 to 50 bp. The sequences of G. tenuis differed by 81–108 bp from the sequences of other samples in Grateloupia; there are 114–133 bp changes between G. tenuis and other genera of Halymeniaceae. In final analysis, we considered Grateloupia tenuis Wang et Luan sp. nov. to be a new species of genus Grateloupia.

  8. A Study of Wang Kuowei's Tragic Views and Consciousness:Wang Kuowei's Integration of Westernism,Buddhism,and Taoism Reflected through On Red Mansions%王国维悲剧思想与悲情意识探源--论《红楼梦评论》对西学、佛学和老庄思想的熔铸

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈永英

    2015-01-01

    王国维受叔本华悲观主义哲学的影响,在《红楼梦评论》、《人间词话》和《宋元戏曲考》等著作中均体现了其悲剧思想对西学、佛学和老庄的熔铸性,开创中国美学研究之先河。王国维悲情思想主要体现在三方面:一是与叔本华悲剧精神的互通;二是认同佛家的涅槃,和叔本华倡导的解脱殊途同归;三是包涵老庄的“无为”、“无我”等传统底蕴。重新认识王国维的悲剧思想和悲情意识的源头,理解王国维对中西印等文化传统的沟通、合流、熔铸,才能理解和把握王国维在美学研究领域的大创制。%Influenced by the pessimism philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer,Wang Kuowei has re-vealed his tragic views through such his works as On Red Mansions ,Jen-chein Tz'u-hua ,The History of Operas in Song and Yuan Dynasties .His works integrate Westernism,Buddhism,and Taoism,which is regarded as a ground breaking study of Chinese aesthetics.In general,Wang Kuowei's tragic views can be divided into three perspectives:firstly,the consistency of tragic views with Schopenhauer;secondly, Wang Kuo-wei agrees with Buddhism Nirvana which resembles with Schopenhauer's advocated liberation;and thirdly,Wang Kuowei deepens the traditional philosophy of the〞wu wei 〞and〞wu wo 〞.Only when the source of Wang Kuowei's tragic views and consciousness is repondered and his integration of oriental and western cultures is understood,could a huge progress be made in the field of research into his philoso-phy.

  9. 唐代首位宗陶诗人王绩评略%The Slight Judgment for Wang Ji, the First Poet with Zongtao Style in Tang Dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    缪志明

    2012-01-01

    Wang Ji, who is Wang Bo's grandfather's brother and one of the four celebrates in the early Tang dynasty, was ignored for long time by the researchers when they were researching and criticizing the Tao Yuanming's works. According to his poetries, researchers found out that Wang's descendants took Tao's style as their example. He asserted that they like Tao Yuanming, and was drinking with Tao. And they imitate Tao's ac- tions step by step. His literal real emotion and his honest words are in accord with Tao's poetic style. He con- tributed to pastoral poetic style a lot by his poetic higher - leveled state and vivid twenty words with four - lined five -charactered poem. Especially, he reflected the pastoral life by five -charactered poem. The person who could achieve this is Wang Ji who was the first person of Tang dynasty. He made a bridge for Tao Yuanming, Wang Wei, and Meng Haoran. That point should be drawn more attention when we criticize the poems of pasto- ral style in Tang dynasty.%长期以来,研究家在对唐代祖述陶渊明诗作之辈的评析中,忽略了一位极不应忽略的人物。他就是初唐四杰之一王勃的从祖王绩。从其创作的诗文看,王氏乃将陶渊明引为同调,并将其作为效法榜样。他不独明言“尝爱陶渊明”,更以“渊明对酒,非礼义能拘”自况,并亦步亦趋地仿效陶渊明的诸种之为。其诗作,情感之真挚,语言之质朴,与陶渊明“真率自然”之风显系一脉相承。他将陶诗的意境,生动表现于五绝的寥寥二十字之中,对田园诗发展做出了贡献。特别是用五律反映田园生活,王绩更属唐代第一人。他以自己的创作,架起了从陶渊明到王维、孟浩然间的一座桥梁,今后在评述唐代山水田园诗时,对此应予以足够注意。

  10. 王哲教授治疗高泌乳素血症性不孕症经验%Experience of Professor Wang Zhe Treatment of Hyperprolactinemia Infertility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭志莉; 王哲

    2016-01-01

    Objective]The article summarizes the essentials of hyperprolactinemia infertility experience by Professor Wang Zhe. [Methods]From following Professor Wang Zhe clincial studies,summarize experience and thoughts of treating hyperprolactinemia infertility with a case. [Results]Professor Wang Zhe thinks the main reason for the occurrence of hyperprolactinemia infertility ,which is related to the dysfunction of the liver,spleen and kidney.The spleen rules transformation and transportation that like dryness and dislike dampness.The liver stores the blood and rules flowing and spreading, that is sensitive to boundaries and maintains the smoothness and harmony of movement throughout the body.The kidneys store the essence and rule birth and hiding, which is foundation of innate existence. Its main types are liver depression and deficiency of the kidney block and phlegm-dampness stagnation.Therapeutically,using Fu Qingzhu medicine for women in the study of Yangjingzhongyu Decoction and the Ye Tianshi treatment recipe for women refers to Cangfudaotan Decoction in the treatment,to achieve nourishing the liver and kidney, invigorating spleen for eliminating dampness.[Conclusion]Professor Wang has exquisite medical skills, rigorous academic attitude, and richly professional knowledge and clinical experience.She has unique insights and experience in treating hyperprolactinemia infertility.Professor Wang Zhe's experience hopes to expand ideas of the clinical diagnosis and treatment.%[目的]总结导师王哲教授治疗高泌乳素血症性不孕症经验。[方法]通过跟随王哲教授出诊和学习王哲教授的相关医案,并以两则代表性医案为重点,结合历代名家的相关论述,系统总结王哲教授治疗高泌乳素血症性不孕症的临证经验和学术观点。[结果]王哲教授认为,本病临床证型以痰湿阻滞和肝郁肾虚为主,其发病主要与脾、肝、肾关系密切。其在长期的医疗实践过程中归纳出补

  11. La belleza del Shan shui en la arquitectura. Reflexiones sobre la interpretación de la teoría estética del Shan shui a la arquitectura de Wang Shu

    OpenAIRE

    Tang, Yinfeng

    2013-01-01

    El Shan shui como la línea principal de investigación de Wang Shu, todavía está estimulando la exploración de la arquitectura de Wang shu. La filosofía y la visión universal del Shan shui se basan en la naturaleza, que es una manifestación específica de los valores culturales tradicionales chinos. Wang Shu sigue esta visión de valor observando el mundo y pensando la arquitectura china ideal. Vuelvo a analizar la presentación y la teoría del Shan shui para buscar más posibilidades de la aplica...

  12. 王国维人格与自杀成因的心理传记学研究%A Psychobiographical Study of Wang Guowe's Personality and Suicide Causes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王炜; 李朝旭

    2016-01-01

    Wang Guowei belongs to personality of melancholic temperament and thinker.Excellent family inheritance and good living environment are the basis for his wisdom and studiousness.The lonely early experience and rich childhood education made him melancholy and quiet,meticulous and wise person-ality.The failure of the imperial examinations and the influence of significant others promoted his academ-ic path and the development of his stubborn and conceited personality.Most analysis of the causes of Wang Guowei's suicide previously is the common sense inference,and the longitudinal analysis of Wang Guowei's life can be found,the suicide should be caused by mental complex factors:personality factors should be the basic cause of suicide;Pessimistic thought,sacrifice culture complex,aristocratic and multiple negative e-vents are the development reasons of his suicide.%王国维属于抑郁质和思想型的人格;卓越的家世遗传和良好的生活环境为其智达好学提供了基础,孤独的早期经历和丰富的童年教育造就了他忧郁安静、缜密智慧的人格,科举失败和重要他人影响又促进了他的学术发展和固执自负人格的养成。以往关于王国维自杀之因的分析多是常理性推断,而对王国维的一生进行纵向分析可以发现,其自杀应是心理复合因素所致:人格因素应是其自杀的基础性原因,悲观思想、殉文化情结、贵族气以及多重负性事件是导致其自杀的发展性原因。

  13. He Lin's Study of Wang Anshi's Thoughts on Mind%贺麟王安石研究中的心学思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学智

    2015-01-01

    This paper explains He Lin's excavation of Wang Anshi's Thoughts on Mind from the perspectives of theory of mind and theory of human nature . On the aspect of theory of mind , He sees Hegel's philosophy as the starting point and pays attention to elucidating Wang Anshi's thoughts of "establishing oneself".On the aspect of theory of human nature ,he considers that Wang Anshi held the idea of "human nature is both good and evil"at first ,then changed his idea into that "human nature is good".He thinks that the idea of "human nature is both good and evil"can highlight the importance of human effort ,w hile returning to the idea of "human nature is good" is to uplift the dynamic power of spirit as well as the function of mind in combining ideal of value with profound cultural accumulation and in driving cultural accumulation by value .The above interpretation is the distinct manifestation of his New Idealism .%文章从心论和性论二个方面,说明贺麟对王安石心学思想的抉发。心论方面,以黑格尔哲学为出发点,着力阐发王安石“建立自我”的思想。性论方面,认为王安石先主性善恶混,然后过渡到性善论。性善恶混可以强调后天人为努力的重要性。而最后归本性善论,是为了高扬精神的能动力量,心的将价值理想和深厚的文化蕴积融摄为一,以价值带动文化蓄蕴这种功能。以上诠释,是他新心学哲学理论的鲜明体现。

  14. 王维对于“廉”的认知与践行%Study on Wang Wei' s Cognition and Application of "Integrity"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘鸣

    2011-01-01

    Wang Wei, the voice of glorious age of Tang Dynasty, has been acclaimed as the "the master of writing" and "the poet of poets" with the talent and ability exalting others. Such perpetual titles closely connect with his honest moral conducts. However, the word of "integrity" didn't appear in his writings because of taboo, which results in the deficiency in researches on the relationship between his achievement and virtues. In fact, Wang Wei had profound ideological understandings and rich spiritual insights into "integrity". The value of "integrity" is reflected in the honest styles of his persona/actions and the ideas involved with anti-corruption in his inscription as well. Wang We/applied his cognition of "integrity" in his own conducts no matter it is due to Buddhism beliefs, natural sentiments or wishes of confession.%王维是盛唐之音的代表,被誉为“天下文宗”、“名高希代”的“高人”。“高人”之称谓,与其清廉的道德操行密切相关。其诗文因避讳而不涉“廉”字,故历来对于二者的关联缺乏必要的探讨。实际上王维对“廉”有着深刻的观念认识和丰富的精神感悟,无论是自身行事时所彰显的廉者之风,还是在为人纪功颂德的碑铭中所反映的廉政思想,都表现出“廉”的价值标准。无论源自佛禅之信仰,抑或自然之趣尚,甚而忏悔之愿望,王维都践行着自身对于“廉”的体认。

  15. 试析《明实录》对王竑个人历史的书写%On Wang Hong's Historical Documentaries in the Ming Memoir

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢贵安

    2015-01-01

    Wang Hong's official career ,accompanied by the history of the Zhengtong ,Jingtai ,Tianshun and Chenghua of the Ming Empires ,witnessed a series of major events of his time ,and constituted part of the national history of the Ming Dynasty .Ming Memoir ,which was the chronological national history of Ming Dynasty ,clearly documented and reflected Wang Hong's achievements in each stage in chronological order as well .Its recognition and regrets to Wang Hong not only reflected the positive comments of the historiographers who wrote Yingzong Memoir ,Xianzong Memoir and Xiaozong Memoir ,but also recorded the officers'evaluations on him ,which ,of course ,were inseparable from his historical achievements .It showed that the historical documentaries ,though closely related to the writers'own value orientations ,were more or less limited by the objective historical facts .%王竑的仕途与大明帝国正统、景泰、天顺和成化的历史相伴而行,甚至是当时一系列重大事件的历史见证,其个人历史直接构成了明朝国史的部分内容。《明实录》作为明朝的编年国史,以时间为线索,鲜明地记载和反映了王竑在每一个阶段的成就。书中对王竑的肯定和惋惜,反映了《英宗实录》、《宪宗实录》和《孝宗实录》的史臣们对他的正面认识,也是对当时士大夫们对王竑评价的承载和记录。当然,无论是皇帝、士大夫还是史臣,他们对王竑的重视,又与王竑个人在景泰、天顺、成化、弘治间的历史功绩密不可分。这说明,历史的书写虽然与书写者的价值取向紧密相关,但也或多或少受制于客观的历史事实。

  16. 王晓燕主任治疗抽动症经验总结%Experience summary of Director WANG Xiao-yan for treating tourette

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张朝霞

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To summarize clinical experience of Director WANG Xiao-yan on treating tourette. Methods:Learning with the teacher to collect, organization, summary the etiology and pathogenesis of the disease and treatment. Results: It associated with a variety of behavioral disorders, and varying degrees of harm is to children’s cognitive function and physical and psychological development, there by affecting their mental development and learning, social adaptability. WANG Xiao-yan director considered that stabilizeliver wind, Xifeng Zhijing and Shugan Rougan, Yangyin Huoxue Qutan is main treatment principles. Combined different clinical performance differentiation therapy and medication with children, conditioning of life and dietary guidance should be given in their daily lives. Medication and psychotherapy combined can achieve a satisfactory effect. Conclusion:Director WANG Xiao-yan’s theoretical basis on treating tourette is full, clinical results were satisfactory, and worthy of learning.%  目的:总结王晓燕主任治疗儿童抽动症的临床经验。方法:通过跟师学习,收集、整理、归纳王晓燕主任对本病病因病机的认识以及治疗方法。结果:抽动症可伴发多种行为障碍,并不同程度地损害儿童的认知功能和身体及心理发育,进而影响其智力发育和学习、社会适应能力。王晓燕主任认为在治疗该病过程中应该以平抑肝风、熄风止痉以及疏肝柔肝、养阴活血祛痰为其主要治疗原则,结合患儿的临床不同表现进行辨证治疗和用药,同时应在日常生活中给予生活调理和饮食指导,只有药物治疗和心理治疗相结合才能取得满意疗效。结论:王晓燕主任治疗儿童抽动症理论依据充分,临床疗效满意,值得借鉴。

  17. Termodinâmica do enovelamento de cadeias heteropoliméricas através do algoritmo de Wang-Landau

    OpenAIRE

    Beig, Fábio Bresighello [UNESP

    2006-01-01

    Estudamos o enovelamento de proteínas através da termodinâmica de uma cadeia heteropolimérica. Para isso, adaptamos um método de Monte Carlo introduzido por Wang e Landau para o estudo de transições de fase em sistemas magnéticos para estudarmos a mecânica estatística dessa cadeia. Trata-se de um método que se vale do passeio randômico no espaço de energias para determinação da densidade de estados acessíveis à cadeia e com ela determinar grandezas termodinâmicas do sistema em estudo. Para ob...

  18. 王弼《老子注》的詮釋辨證/ Interpretative Dialectics of Wang Bi’s Exegesis of Lao-Tzu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jung-Tao TSAI

    2012-09-01

    Wang Bi, the most prominent scholar of metaphysics of the Wei and Jin Dynasties, was an unprecedented genius throughout the history of Chinese philosophy. In this article, the author examines the brilliant contributions made by Lin Li Zhen, Yu Dun Kang and Rudolf G. Wagner, who are noticed for their research of Exegesis of Lao-Tzu. It is a synthesis of the directions of investigation, approaches, and significant findings they have come up with. Among the three interpretations, Lin focuses on the explanation of Wang’s metaphysic thinking while Yu emphasizes Wang’s secular concerns by proposing the “philosophy of thoroughness” and political holism. As for Wagner, he approaches this work with the views of linguistic philosophy and suggests refined stylistics as interpretative strategy, which functions to enrich the textual contents.

  19. De Hemingway au chinois classique : le travail de la langue de l’écrivain taïwanais Wang Wen-hsing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandrine Marchand

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans les années 1970, l’« occidentalisation » de Wang Wen-hsing lui attire les foudres de la critique. On lui reproche, entre autres choses, de mal écrire, d’être incompréhensible et d’écrire dans une langue occidentalisée. Lui-même semble prendre pour modèle son professeur de français, dont le niveau de chinois classique était très élevé. Entre chinois classique, moderne, dialecte de sa région natale (très proche du dialecte de Taïwan, anglais, et français idéalisé, Wang Wen-hsing invente sa propre langue. Dans les manuscrits de son premier roman, il recourt au syllabaire que les enfants utilisent en cours d’apprentissage de la langue chinoise pour remplacer les caractères d’écriture, syllabaire qui disparaît ensuite à la publication. Que nous apprend l’utilisation de ce syllabaire sur le travail créatif de l’auteur ?Wang Wen-hsing est un auteur qui, entre extrême précision et violence, consacre sa vie et toute son énergie au travail de la langue. Quelle langue tente-t-il d’approcher : le chinois normatif des temps anciens, la langue américaine de Hemingway, ou un mélange des deux ?Multilingue à l’intérieur de la langue chinoise moderne, elle-même langue encore proche du chinois classique, abandonné seulement au début du xxe siècle, l’écriture romanesque de Wang Wen-hsing, qui a pour critère de valeur le « tong-shun » (clarté et aisance, est le fruit de l’oralité et d’une langue expérimentale. Ce rapport à la langue vient-il de sa situation d’émigration, de son isolement des milieux politiques et intellectuels, comme cela lui a été reproché lorsque justement on l’accusait d’écrire dans une langue incompréhensible pour le lecteur ? Pourquoi ces romans sont-ils jugés incompréhensibles ? En raison du niveau du lecteur moyen ? Pour des raisons géopolitiques, car il est un émigré en position dominante dans l’île ? Parce que la langue chinoise est dans

  20. 汪端咏史诗的内涵及其逆传统性%Connotation and Anti-traditional Properties of WANG Duan’s Historical Poems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹玲玲

    2015-01-01

    WANG Duan’s historical poems comment on historical events.And he took chastity as the norm to make comment on ancient people,criticize boldly the negative and praise the positive.His comments were irrelevant to the reality and himself,and broke the tradition of the historical poems.In addition,his poems were different from those composed by females.%汪端咏史诗议论史事,以贞节为标准评判古人,大胆指斥,议论英伟。其议论与现实无涉,与自我无涉,打破了历来咏史诗的传统,又与闺阁凸显性别意识的咏史诗不同。

  1. 斑股秽蝇补充描述(双翅目:蝇科)%Supplemental description of Coenosia punctifemorata Cui et Wang (Diptera: Muscidae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张学书; 薛万琦

    2011-01-01

    In this paper the female of Coenosia punctifemorata Cui et Wang is found and supplemented and figured. A pair of coital specimens are deposited in the Diptera collection of the Institute of Entomology, Shenyang Normal University (IESNU).In 1996, only male of Coenosia punctifemorata Cui et Wang was reported, but its coital specimens were collected in 2008. Female of the species herein is recorded and supplemented for the first time.Diagnosis of male: Antenna black, without cone process apically; 1 + 3 dorsocentral setae, 2 proepisternal setae, basal scutellar seta as long as apical scutellar seta, all strong; costa reaching tip of M, lower calypter longer than upper one; coxae, femora and tibiae yellow, mid and hind femora with brown dorsal spots apically, tarsi brown black, pulvilli yellow; hind tibia with av and ad, not parallel; total length of abdominal tergites 7 to 9 nearly equal to length of abdominal tergite 5 in dorsal view.Female: Body length 4.5 mm; genal height about 1/7 of eye height; scutum with faint median and paramedian stripes; mid femur with 1 row of anterior setae in basal 3/5, 1 basal pv, 1 subbasal pv, 1 supermedian pv, and 1 subapical pv, in which the supermedian one long; claws as long as pulvilli or tarsomere 5; abdomen oviform, without dark vitta (Fig. 1b), becoming narrow apically, otherwise characters of figure are similar to those of the male.Specimens examined: a pair of coital specimens, Liupanshan Mountain, 2500-2700 m, Ningxia, 22. Vl. 2008, collected by Ming-fu Wang.%在有瓣蝇类中,多数种类只有雄性的描述,在秽蝇属分类工作中也是一块空白状态,这对于蝇类防治、利用和系统分类学研究都有重要影响.因此,根据斑股秽蝇Coenosia puncti femorata Cui et Wang,1996的交尾标本进行了补充描述,完善了对雌性鉴定的科学性,提高了该种雌性描述的可靠性,可为上述领域的研究解决亟待解决的问题.文中列出了斑股秽蝇的种类鉴别特征,

  2. A new concept: Epigenetic game theory. Comment on: ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Xiu-Deng; Tao, Yi

    2017-03-01

    The evolutionary significance of the interaction between paternal and maternal genomes in fertilized zygotes is a very interesting and challenging question. Wang et al. developed the concept of epigenetic game theory, and they try to use this concept to explain the interaction between paternal and maternal genomes in fertilized zygotes [1]. They emphasize that the embryogenesis can be considered as an ecological system in which two highly distinct and specialized gametes coordinate through either cooperation or competition, or both, to maximize the fitness of embryos under Darwinian selection. More specifically, they integrate game theory to model the pattern of coordination of paternal genome and maternal genomes mediated by DNA methylation dynamics, and they called this epigenetic game theory.

  3. CUDA programs for GPU computing of Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster spin flip algorithm: 2D and 3D Ising, Potts, and XY models

    CERN Document Server

    Komura, Yukihiro

    2014-01-01

    We present sample CUDA programs for the GPU computing of the Swendsen-Wang multi-cluster spin flip algorithm. We deal with the classical spin models; the Ising model, the $q$-state Potts model, and the classical XY model. As for the lattice, both the 2D (square) lattice and the 3D (simple cubic) lattice are treated. We already reported the idea of the GPU implementation for 2D models [Comput. Phys. Commun. 183 (2012) 1155-1161]. We here explain the details of sample programs, and discuss the performance of the present GPU implementation for the 3D Ising and XY models. We also show the calculated results of the moment ratio for these models, and discuss phase transitions.

  4. 王星拱两种比较独特的科学方法%Two Special Scientific Methods of Wang Xinggong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李醒民

    2016-01-01

    王星拱对科学方法论素有爱好和研究,他出版了中国第一本科学方法论的专著,其中提出了两种比较独特的科学方法:一是综合和推较,二是权量、分类和例外之应付。%Wang Xinggong is always interested in scientific methods and often researched them.He published China’s first scien-tific methodology monograph.He put forward two special scientific methods:the first is generalization and analogy;the second is measurement,classification,and solving of exceptions.

  5. Wang Yangming's Developing Track of Psychology in his Poems%王阳明的心学发展轨迹在其诗歌中的表现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐佳慧; 李定乾

    2014-01-01

    Wang Yangming has created more than 600 poems, through his poetry creation process, we can understand the Yangming's life and his ideological development. In the middle and late Ming Dynasty the creation of poetry for the vintage of the environment, Wang Yangming put forward the“mind is reason”,“the unity of knowledge and action”,“conscience”,“all in one”philosophy, has written many poems of philosophical perspectives, to a certain extent liberated people personality and thought. He used his“conscience”awaken“human nature”, like a beacon in the dark, guide people to it's perfection itself.%王阳明一生创作了约600首诗歌,通过他的诗歌创作,我们可以了解到阳明的人生轨迹和心学思想的发展。在明代中后期诗歌创作崇尚复古的大环境下,王阳明提出了“心即理”、“知行合一”、“致良知”、“万物一体”等哲学观点,创作了许多具有哲理的诗文,在一定程度上解放了人们的个性与思想。他用“良知”唤醒“人性”,像是黑暗中的一盏明灯,指引人们通向至善至美。

  6. Analysis on the Structure of Mind of Wang Yangming’ s Theory%阳明心学之“心”的结构分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈清春

    2013-01-01

    提王阳明心学理论中的心是包括认识主体在内的实践主体,实践主体的活动表现为各种意识行为,意识行为的本质就是指向或构造意识对象的意向性。意识行为主要有感知、感受、理性和意志四种行为类型,它们分别构造自己的行为对象,即存在物、价值物、知识、目的。四种意识类型之间的结构关系有奠基关系或平行关系,其中,感知与感受的平行关系、意志与理性的目的与手段关系决定了王阳明道德哲学的本质特征。%The mind of Wang Yangming ’ s theory refers to practical subject, which also includes cognitive subject.Activities of it are functions of consciousness actually.The nature of functions of consciousness is an in-tentionality which directs or constructs objects.And these actions are classi-fied as four types:perception, feeling, reason and will.They construct their own objects respectively, namely, being, value, knowledge and purpose. The relationships of four actions consist of attachment and parallel.Among them, the parallel between perception and feeling and the end-means rela-tion between will and reason are the key to determine essential characteris-tics of Wang Yang-ming’ s moral philosophy.

  7. Professor Wang Changhong's Experience in Treating Refractory Ulcerative Volitis%王长洪教授治疗难治性溃疡性结肠炎经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文艳

    2016-01-01

    The treatment of refractory ulcerative colon is difficult,but Professor Wang Changhong's experience for the treatment of the disease is rich. During treating,Professor Wang strengthens on spleen war-ming yang for radical therapy,clearing away the heat - evil and expelling superficial evils for symptomatic therapy combined with internal and external treatment and paying attention to maintenance therapy. Two typi-cal cases are attached to the paper.%溃疡性结肠炎作为炎症性肠病的一种,属难治性疾病。王长洪教授是中国人民解放军军内国医名师、辽宁省名中医,在中西医结合消化病诊治方面著述较丰,颇有建树,尤擅治溃疡性结肠炎。王教授认为,脾肾阳虚、命门火衰是难治性溃疡性结肠炎疾病的病机关键,脾之阳气与肾中真阳密切相关。王教授认为,溃疡性结肠炎有一份脓血,就有一份热毒羁留。因此治疗难治性溃疡性结肠炎,健脾温阳固本的同时,一定要施以清热解毒之品,去除留邪,措施上内治外治相结合,并注重维持治疗。

  8. Mr. Wang Li's Study on Chinese Rhetorical Forms%王力先生对汉语修辞格的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴礼权

    2012-01-01

    王力先生对汉语修辞格的论述涉猎广泛、独具特色。在他的论著中,论述到的汉语修辞格计有22种之多,不少是其他修辞学专著没有触及的。无论是讲现代汉语还是古代汉语的修辞格,他都紧密结合汉语语法来讨论,与一般修辞学者的研究思路大不相同。特别是他讲现代汉语修辞格时,完全摒弃了20世纪30年代讲修辞的著作“先从国外学习了一种体系,然后再在汉语中找例套上”的做法,而是以一部专书《红楼梦》为取材对象进行系统地研究,很少受西洋修辞学框架的影响,因此颇多创见,结论亦都符合汉语修辞的实际。王力先生对汉语对偶格的论述全面而深刻。他对汉语对偶格的论述,既有结构形式上的细致描写,又有高屋建瓴的理论概括与解析,对于我们正确认识汉语的特点非常有启发意义。王力先生对汉语“省略”问题的论述独出机杼,所论内容远较普通修辞学著作要全面周延,揭示了汉语语法与修辞紧密关联的特点。%Mr. Wang Li covered a wide range and made a unique study of Chinese rhetorical forms. In his writings, he discussed as many as 22 kinds of rhetorical forms, some of which had never been touched upon by other rhetoricians. In his discussion about rhetoric forms in both modern Chinese and ancient Chinese, he associated them closely with Chinese grammar. He was quite different from other rhetoricians in his way of doing research. Especially when he dealt with modern Chinese rhetoric, he completely abandoned the method of "first studying a foreign system, and then fitting it with examples selected from the Chinese language", which was often found in the books on rhetoric from the 1930s. He systematically studied A Dream of Red Mansions, from which he selected examples. As a result, he was rarely affected by Western rhetoric, and he got many original ideas with his conclusions in

  9. Moral Crises and Wang Shouren's Philosophical Proposition in Middle of Ming Dynasty%明中叶道德危机与王守仁哲学诉求

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    武道房

    2014-01-01

    王阳明哲学是在明中叶官方意识形态程朱理学失灵、官场腐败渐滋、士风不端、社会出现深刻的道德危机背景下出现的。他的“知行合一”“心即理”“致良知”等命题意在救治人心痼疾,提升人生境界,促进士人道德自律以及社会良善风气的形成。在需要重新确立道德理性的时代,王阳明不仅建构了良知本体世界,高扬心灵主体,而且对存理去欲、净化人心设计了切实可行的修养方案。阳明哲学是对时代问题的坚强回应,只有从历史的场境着眼,才能深化阳明哲学的认识。%Wang Yangming's philosophy came into being in the middle of Ming Dynasty as opposed to moral crises like the failure of Cheng Zhu's Neo Confucianism,the worsening of official corruption,and miscon-duct of scholar officials.His propositions of“the Unity of Knowledge and Action”,“Mind Being Li(理)”,“The Extension of Innate Knowledge(致良知)”were intended to eliminate the obstinate illness that had contaminated people's heart,extend life realm,urge the moral self discipline in scholar officials and to help promote a social atmosphere of virtue and goodness.In an era desperately in want of a re establish-ment of morality,not only did Wang Yangming construct a world of conscience as ontology with the spiritu-al subj ectivity being highly recommended,but also he devised a feasible design for cultivating one's morality by keeping reason while denying desire and purifying the inner mentality.Yangming's philosophy had proved to be a powerful counteraction to the social problems of his time.Only by viewing it from a historical con-text can a deepened understanding of Yangming's philosophy be attained.

  10. 谈王韬与英国形象的“去夷化”%On Wang Tao and His Non-Barbarian Image of Britain

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊萍; 谷悦

    2013-01-01

    Around the Opium War , the image of Britain in the eyes of the Chinese changed from a "barbarian"country into an"un-barbarian"country.During this process, Wang Tao, one of the influential scholars in late Qing Dynasty played an important role in his shaping the unique image of Britain .He not only exculpated the "barbarian"image from Britain, but also depicted it as a prosperous , benevolent and righteous "Utopia"which was far better than contemporary China in many places .He presented a brand-new interpretation on the Sino-British relations after the Opium War .For the first time , he juxtaposed this witnessed Brit-ain to"Utopia"which could match the old China in history .In this way , Wang Tao narrowed down the actual "status gap"be-tween China and Britain .%鸦片战争前后,英国形象在中国人眼里经历了从“夷”到非“夷”的过程,其中,颇具影响力的晚清文人王韬起了十分重要的作用。王韬对英国形象作了别具一格的塑造,他不仅将英国从“夷”类形象中开脱,还把英国描画成一个富强仁义、在很多地方远胜当时中国的理想国。他对鸦片战争后的中英关系作了全新的阐释,首次把其亲见的英国塑造成一个能够与历史上的中国媲美的“乌托邦”形象,最大限度地拉近了鸦片战争后中英两国间实际的地位差距。

  11. The Basic Principles of Wang Fuzhi' s Poetics%王夫之诗学思想的基本原则

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雪雁

    2015-01-01

    Wang Fuzhi's poetics cannot be limited in the study of literary aesthetics.His poetics insists that liter-ature is based on confucian classics,so he talked about poems on the basis of the Book of Songs.His aesthetic poetics manifests as the beauty of music language and music education, because he thinks that the Book of Songs originates from music classic and the poem education bases on music education.His poetics also is political poetics, which al-ways focuses on how poems participate in politics and education.His lyric poetics is a kind of emotion expression which can correct and limit emotions.Poetry reaches emotions also means the mutual sampathy and the possibllity of edification .That is to say, Wang Fuzhi's poetics also means self-edification which pays attention to know oneself and one's destiny.%纵观王夫之的诗学论著,可以发现其诗学思想远非文艺美学可以局限. 其中,他的诗学是坚守经学根源性的文学,故而他坚持从《诗》论诗. 他的审美诗学展现为乐语形式之美和乐教成就性情之美,因他主张诗经源自乐经,诗教本于乐教. 他的诗学也是政教诗学,始终关切诗之为政和诗之成教的面相. 他的抒情诗学是有正有止的达情诗学. 诗达情注重情感的感化通达之意并进而达成政教之境. 而且,诗达情不仅要导向人的情感之正,并由之而可尽性知命,可以说船山的抒情诗学也必然是尽性之学.

  12. The Character of Wang Zhong in Crossroad Lights%论《歧路灯》中王中的形象

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    代伟; 李真真

    2015-01-01

    The writer Li Lvyuan invented an honest and loyal servant Wang Zhong in Crossroad Lights. With his honesty, calmness and ultimate loyalty to his master, he experienced the vicissitudes of Tan Mansion: from prosperity to decline and inversely from decline to prosperity. He was not only the rescuer of the Tan Mansion in its decline but also the promoter of the rejuvenation of Tan Mansion in its prosperity. The reason of inventing this character can be found in the writer Li Lvyuan himself. As an orthodox scholar in feudal society, Li Lvyuan was deeply influenced by Neo-Confucianism of Chen-Zhu, and formed his literary creation theory of“Writings are for conveying truth”. The age he lived in crosses the reigns of three emperors:Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qionglong, the heyday of Qing Dynasty. But he was sensitive enough to detect the decline of Qing Dynasty. He thus took Wang Zhong, the symbol of loyalty and filial piety, as the means to consolidate the moral orders and hierarchical system of feudal society, and to rescue superficiality of the society and decadence of his disciples.%《歧路灯》作者李绿园在作品中塑造了一位忠肝义胆、一心为主的忠仆形象——王中。他为人忠厚老实,行事沉着干练,对主家不离不弃。他亲历了谭府由盛到衰,再由衰转盛的全过程,不仅是谭府败落时的匡扶者,更是谭府复兴的有力推动者。究其形象塑造之原因,乃李绿园作为封建正统文人,思想上深受程朱理学影响,形成了“文以载道”的创作观,而生活于康雍乾三朝的他,在盛世繁华背后敏锐地觉察到了衰败的开始。所以在作品中努力以“忠孝”两全的王中为代言,维护和巩固封建道德秩序和封建等级制度,挽救世风的浇薄和子弟的颓废。

  13. 论王安石义利观的历史评价%On the History Evaluation of Wang Anshi's Viewpoint on Justice and Interests

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳辉纯

    2011-01-01

    对王安石义利观的评价,有"道义论"否定性的评价和"功利论"肯定性的评价。古代"道义论"的评价主要来自两个方面:一是封建专制主义"政统"论;一是理学家"道统"论。朱熹从"道统"论中"道问学"角度来否定,陆九渊则从"道统"论的"尊德性"的角度来否定。"功利论"肯定性的评价有三种:古代功利论、近代资产阶级功利论、马克思主义功利论。如果说道义论是从传统"义"的角度来否定王安石的义利观,那么,功利论则是从"利"的角度来肯定。%The history evaluation of viewpoint on justice and interests by Wang Anshi is mainly as follows: negative evaluation of ancient "moral theory"and positive evaluation "utilitarian theory".Ancient "moral theory"comes mainly from two aspects: On the one hand,negative evaluation of the feudal autocratic,"political unification",on the other hand,the negation of "Dao unification" of Neo-Confucianism.Zhuxi conducted negation from the perspective of "Dao learning" within "Dao unification",and Lu Jiuyuan conducted criticism from the angle of "Respect Virtue" "Road unification" within "Dao unification".There are three kinds of positive evaluation in Utilitarian theory,Ancient utilitarian theory,such as Chengliang and Yeshi;modern bourgeois utilitarian theory,for example,Liang Qichao and utilitarian theory of Marxism,for instance,Deng Guangming.The moral theory negated Wang Anshi's viewpoint on justice and interests from the perspective of traditional "justice",while utilitarian theory negated it from the perspective of justice.

  14. 朱子、象山和阳明哲学终极天理的实在性与内在性%Reality and Immanence of Ultimate Tianli in Philosophy Thoughts of Chu His, Lu Hsiangshan, and Wang Yangming

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘笑非

    2014-01-01

    In Neo Confucianism,Chu His,Lu Hsiang shan and Wang Yang ming had the same opinion on insisting the reality of the ultimate Tianli,but only Wang addressed that Xin and Tianli is the same thing in ontological meaning,therefore,as to Wang,the conception Xin has the ontological meaning.According-ly,they have different opinion in respect of the immanence of Tianli.Zhu considered Tianli is immanent not only in the everything outside,but also in the mind(Xin)of human being,so his theory of Gong fu also had two directs,one is Dao Wen xue,which means learning from the outside to know the Tianli,the other is Zun De xing,which means learning from inside and do something to be a good person.Lu and Wang paid more attention to the inside respect in their theory of Gongfu because they thought that it is more im-portant to realize the immanence of Tianli in the respect of human being than of everything outside.Howev-er,there is a distinction between Lu and Wang Lu didn't explain why Xin can have many relationships to the everything outside because he didn't realize the ontological meaning of Xin,whereas Wang solved this problem later.%在宋明理学终极天理的实在性上,朱子、象山、阳明均持肯定态度,只是阳明强调心理一体,心具有本体论的意义。在终极天理的内在性上,朱子兼强调其内在于万物与内在于人的两个方面,所以他的工夫论既有向外的“道问学”,又有向内的“尊德性”;象山和阳明强调其内在于人上,故而他们的工夫论重在向内的“尊德性”。由于象山没有指出心在本体论上与终极之理是一体的,所以他并没有详细论证心对于外物的统摄地位。这一点直到阳明才得到了较好的处理。

  15. The Hard Earned “Conscience Study”:Wang Yangming’ s Efforts for Politics and Lectures%从百死千难中得来的“良知学”--王阳明的为政与讲学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖峰

    2015-01-01

    With the historical data in the following books, The History of the Ming Dynasty, The Records of the Ming Dynasty, Wang Yangming Chronicle, and Wang Yangming Complete Works as the base, and with Branch Road Case and Longchang Course, Chaos of Chen Hao and lectures given in Yuyao, and Peaceful Solu-tion to Sien and last words as the main clue about the important experience of Wang Yangming’ s life, this paper combines the history and thought to present a Wang Yangming unfamiliar to us from the perspective of the history of ideas. Through the exposure to the differences and disputes between Wang Yangming and two emperors of the Ming Dynasty, the paper points out that Wang Yangming was not afraid of power, and he adhered to the con-science as the core of his lectures. Under strong pressure, he conducted the“unity of knowledge”. At the same time, he also stressed on the moral value and significance of moral conscience in the dark ages.%本文以《明史》《明实录》《王阳明年谱》《王阳明全集》中的史料为基础,以科道案与龙场讲学、宸濠之乱与余姚讲学、平定思恩与最后遗言为主要线索,讲述了王阳明一生重要的经历;将历史与思想结合起来,从思想史的角度展现了一个不为我们熟悉的王阳明。通过王阳明与明代两任皇帝之间的分歧纠葛,分析出王阳明不畏强权,坚持以良知为讲学核心,在强大的压力下践行“知行合一”;同时,也强调道德良知在黑暗时代的重要道德价值和意义。

  16. Wang Anshi's Early Thoughts about Farm Irrigation%王安石早期农田水利思想及其实践试探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙伟儿

    2000-01-01

    An important part of Wang An'shi reform was his establishment of the law of farm imgation. There was a process of development for the formation of his thoughts about farm imgation. when he was head of Yin County, he paid great attention to irrigation and he renovated Dong Qianhu Lake and developed Potuo Law. After his departure from Yin County and became head elsewhere, he had never given up his hard exploration on imgation. His early thoughts about farm imgation and practices laid a good foundation for his later reform.%王安石任鄞县县令时重视水利建设,修复东钱湖、发明坡沱法等,这是他的早期农田水利思想及其实践的一个成功范例。调任他处后,他又在农田水利方面作了艰辛的探索与实践。王安石的早期农田水利思想及其实践为后来的变法打下了扎实的基础。

  17. A Probe into Sun Zhiwei’s Association with Wang Maolin%孙枝蔚与汪懋麟交游考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨泽琴

    2014-01-01

    孙枝蔚与汪懋麟为清初扬州诗坛重要诗人,他们尽管政治取向不同,但在性情、意气、兴趣等方面又颇相侔而交谊甚笃。对二人交游情况的考述,可使诗人的诗文活动获得淋漓的生气感、饱满的艺术感、丰厚的历史感,凸显他们的个性和风神,亦可藉此蠹测当时之士风趋向。%Sun Zhiwei and Wang Maolin were important poets in Yangzhou in the early Qing Dy-nasty.Despite their political orientation was different,their friendship was very deep in terms of their temperament,spirit and interest.By proving into their friendship,we can obtain a dripping sense,a full artistic sense and a rich history sense to highlight their personality and style and to measure the tendency of that time.

  18. Exploration of the Simulated Works in the Historical Novel Wang Anshi%长篇历史小说《王安石》拟作再探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      长篇历史小说《王安石》三部曲,是万斌生先生耗时十年呕心沥血写成的力作。出于创作的需要,小说中有不少拟作。从内容角度品评这些拟作,或以小见大,将主题的深化融入拟作的字里行间;或由近及远,用拟作推动故事情节向前发展;或以微见著,拟作成为多侧面塑造人物的重要手段。%The historical trilogy Wang Anshi is a work embodying Wan Binsheng’s ten years of utmost efforts. Out of the need of creation,there are many simulated works in this novel. From the perspective of the content, the paper maintains that some simulated works make a significant discovery from the smallest sign,deepening the theme between the lines;while some,from the near to the distant,propel the plot forward;and others act as important means to portray the characters from multilevels.

  19. On the “heart” Theory of WangYang-ming%浅析王阳明的“心学”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周建平

    2000-01-01

    王阳明的心学体系把对封建伦常道德的外在式追求转向到内在于人心,人心的良知就是一切价值的标准,从而极大地张扬了人的主体性和人的道德自觉。他的知行合一学说,更有强调行动的一面,这样,道德自觉就不仅仅体现在主体的心的主观层面上,从而与单纯的坐而论道区别开来.%WangYang-ming's “heart” theory transfers external pursuing for ethics to inner pursuing. He believes that “heart” is the unique standard for valuation, which attaches importance to the initiative and consciousness in ethics. His theory of “harmony with knowledge and action” emphasizes the importance of action, as is different from “saying” theory .

  20. Professor WANG Changhong's Experience in Treatment of Bacterial Liver Abscess%王长洪教授治疗细菌性肝脓肿经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高文艳; 王长洪

    2013-01-01

    Professor WANG Changhong thinks that the external cause of bacterial liver abscess is the accumulation of heat and toxin,clearing away heat and toxic materia is the fundamental treatment,the herb's dosage should be heavy.The internal cause is deficiency of healthy Qi,benefiting vital energy should through the treatment,the Mongolian Milkvetch Root should be used most frequently ; Qi-stagnation and blood stasis is the critical pathogenesis,activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis can promote abscess to dissipate.Treating by stages has the better manipuility.%王长洪教授认为细菌性肝脓肿热毒内蕴是外因,清热解毒是根本大法,用药宜重剂;正气虚损是内因,益气扶正宜贯穿治疗始终,应用黄芪最为常;气阻血瘀是关键病机,活血化瘀促消散.临证之时,分期论治更具可操作性.

  1. 汪曾祺小说的“太和”之美%On the Charm of Wang Zengqi’s Novel Taihe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝一勇

    2014-01-01

    Wang Zengqi’s novel“Taihe”charm reflects in many ways:The first is to pursue the har-mony of life in the novel’s content. People and nature,people and people with their own groups,etc. . Sec-ond is to pay attention to the principle of moderation in emotional expression.The writer emphasizes emo-tional control,He must eliminate the sentimentalism.The third is to coordinate the principle in the aesthet-ic aspect. Allowing things to have difference,People adjust it by the human mind to achieve harmony in the unity of opposites.%汪曾祺小说的“太和”之美表现在三方面:一是在内容上追求生命的和谐原则,追求人和自然,人与群体,人与自身的和谐。二是在情感表达上讲究适度原则,强调作家主体感情的节制,要“除净感伤主义”。三是在审美上讲求协调原则,允许事物的差异性,通过人内在心灵的调适,在对立统一中去达到和谐。

  2. Petrochemistry and mineral chemistry of Late Permian hornblendite and hornblende gabbro from the Wang Nam Khiao area, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand: Indication of Palaeo-Tethyan subduction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanka, Alongkot; Tsunogae, Toshiaki; Daorerk, Veerote; Tsutsumi, Yukiyasu; Takamura, Yusuke; Endo, Takahiro; Sutthirat, Chakkaphan

    2016-11-01

    In the Wang Nam Khiao area, Nakhon Ratchasima, northeastern Thailand, there are various mafic-ultramafic plutons composed of hornblendite, hornblende gabbro and hornblende microgabbro. The rocks are generally dominated by hornblende, plagioclase and clinopyroxene. The mineral chemistry and whole-rock geochemistry of hornblendite, hornblende gabbro and hornblende microgabbro show their similarities, suggesting a close relationship of their magmatic evolution. The flat REE pattern and low HREE concentration indicate fractional crystallization from hydrous magma. The enrichment in LILE (e.g. Ba, K, Sr) and depletion of HFSE (e.g. Nb, Ta, Zr) together with compositions of clinopyroxene and hornblende reflect arc-related subduction. Hornblende-plagioclase geothermometry and Al-in-hornblende geobarometry indicate the PT conditions of crystallization are 5.3-9.8 kbar and 670-1000 °C, 7.6-9.0 kbar and 850-950 °C, and 7.6-8.8 kbar and 750-850 °C for hornblendite, hornblende gabbro and hornblende microgabbro, respectively, at the lower crustal depth (28-31 km). Zircon U-Pb age of hornblende microgabbro dike, that intruded into hornblendite, yields 257 Ma of intrusion age, suggesting the emplacement of the mafic-ultramafic rock in this area is related to Late Permian arc magmatism resulted from subduction of Palaeo-Tethys beneath Indochina Terrane.

  3. The impact of an underground cut-off wall on nutrient dynamics in groundwater in the lower Wang River watershed, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Pingping; Xu, Shiguo

    2017-03-01

    Underground cut-off walls in coastal regions are mainly used to prevent saltwater intrusion, but their impact on nutrient dynamics in groundwater is not clear. In this study, a combined analysis of multiple isotopes ([Formula: see text]) and nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations is used in order to assess the impact of the underground cut-off walls on the nutrient dynamics in groundwater in the lower Wang River watershed, China. Compared with the nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations in groundwater downstream of the underground cut-off walls, high [Formula: see text] and total dissolved nitrogen concentrations and similar concentration levels of [Formula: see text] and total dissolved phosphorus are found in groundwater upstream of the underground cut-off walls. The isotopic data indicated the probable occurrence of denitrification and nitrification processes in groundwater upstream, whereas the fingerprint of these processes was not shown in groundwater downstream. The management of fertilizer application is critical to control nitrogen concentrations in groundwater restricted by the underground cut-off walls.

  4. On Romantic Writing Style in Wang Yuewen's Novel Man Shui%论王跃文小说《漫水》的浪漫书写

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺玉庆

    2013-01-01

    Man Shui is a medium -length novel that Wang Yuewen created lately . He based it on his own hometown and described a poetic home village full of human warmth for us . Firstly the language is vital , mellow and vivid . Secondly the charm of folk custom is long , ancient and fresh . Thirdly , characters have deep love with the brilliance of humanity . In the home village of his novel which he wrote , there are still the warmth of human nature and pure human feeling and there are also intentional distance from unban life and intellectual circles hidden behind his romantic writing .%《漫水》是王跃文近期创作的中篇小说,他以自己的故乡漫水为创作原型,为我们书写了充满人间温情的诗意乡土。小说语言元气弥漫,醇厚生动;民俗韵味悠长,古老而鲜活;人物大爱无疆,闪耀着人性的光辉。作者抒写的是乡土里依然留存着人性的温暖和人情的纯美,浪漫书写的背后也许是一种有意为之的对都市生活、知识阶级的疏离。

  5. Professor WANG Xia-fang's Experience on Treating Asthma in Children%王霞芳治疗小儿哮喘经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴岚莹; 封玉林

    2012-01-01

    This article introduced professor WANG Xia-fang' s experience on treating asthma in children. It is held that acute attack of asthma in children results from invasion of exogenous wind and accumulation of endogenous phlegm-fluid; its treatment focused on releasing lung and resolving phlegm,relieving coughing and suppressing asthma,and dispelling wind and dregding collaterals. Xuanfei Tongluo Pingchuan Decoction was used in clinical practice. In paracmasis we applied the method of strengthening earth to generate metal to invigorate the spleen and to help transportation and transformation,cutting off the. source of eliminating phlegm and reducing asthma palindromia. The curative is obviously effective.%介绍王霞芳教授分期治疗小儿哮喘的经验.认为小儿哮喘急性发作期以风邪外袭,痰饮内伏,致肺失宣降为主要病因病机,治疗以宣肺化痰、止咳平喘、祛风通络,选用自拟“宣肺通络平喘汤”;缓解期用“培土生金法”健脾助运,杜绝生痰之源,治痰饮之本减少哮喘复发,疗效显著.

  6. 王柏年儿童图书馆学术思想述略%A Commentary of Wang Bainian’ s Academic Thought of Children Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权丽桃

    2015-01-01

    近代以来,儿童图书馆开始萌芽、发展,一些学者开始致力于我国儿童图书馆事业的研究。王柏年是民国时期儿童图书馆学领域著述最为丰富的学者之一,他也是近代以来第一个研究儿童图书馆史的学者。本文对其生平、著述及学术成就进行了详细的论述。%Since the modern times , the children Library began to sprout and develop , some scholars committed to children Libraries in China .Wang Bainian ’ s is one of the most abundant writings of scholars in the children library field.He is also the first scholar of studying children library history since the modern times .This paper discussed in detail of his life ,works and academic achievement .

  7. 难以忘却的记忆--王安忆与蚌埠%The Unforgettable Memories--Wang anyi and Bengbu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    寇国庆; 倪相群

    2015-01-01

    Wang anyi imagined the old Shanghai with the historical archives,but in the novels on Bengbu she has unforgettable memories of trauma about young intellectuals. The understanding of early poor rural life with personal pain is more vivid and specific,also is basis the diversity of Shanghai society in her fictions.So early memories became her spiritual resources and her unique creative concept.%王安忆对旧上海的书写难免有着在历史档案中寻找材料而进行的虚构与想象,而在对少年知青插队偏远荒僻的蚌埠进行书写的一系列小说则充满刻骨铭心的创伤记忆。王安忆对早年贫瘠乡村生活带着个人痛感的认识,显然更为丰富生动和具体,也成为她对当下上海多样社会体悟的基础。早年记忆成为她从事文学创作的精神资源并因此形成其独特的创作观。

  8. Game theory in epigenetic reprogramming. Comment on: ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Fei-Man; Chen, Pao-Yang

    2017-03-01

    Von Neumann and Morgenstern published the Theory of Games and Economic Behavior in 1944, describing game theory as a model in which intelligent rational decision-makers manage to find their best strategies in conflict, cooperative or other mutualistic relationships to acquire the greatest benefit [1]. This model was subsequently incorporated in ecology to simulate the ;fitness; of a species during natural selection, designated evolutionary game theory (EGT) [2]. Wang et al. proposed ;epiGame;, taking paternal and maternal genomes as ;intelligent; players that compete, cooperate or both during embryogenesis to maximize the fitness of the embryo [3]. They further extended game theory to an individual or single cell environment. During early zygote development, DNA methylation is reprogrammed such that the paternal genome is demethylated before the maternal genome. After the reset, the blastocyst is re-methylated during embryogenesis. At that time, the paternal and maternal genomes have a conflict of interest related to the expression of their own genes. The proposed epiGame models such interactive regulation between the parental genomes to reach a balance for embryo development (equation (2)).

  9. Critical nonequilibrium relaxation in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm in the Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless and weak first-order phase transitions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nonomura, Yoshihiko; Tomita, Yusuke

    2015-12-01

    Recently we showed that the critical nonequilibrium relaxation in the Swendsen-Wang algorithm is widely described by the stretched-exponential relaxation of physical quantities in the Ising or Heisenberg models. Here we make a similar analysis in the Berezinsky-Kosterlitz-Thouless phase transition in the two-dimensional (2D) X Y model and in the first-order phase transition in the 2D q =5 Potts model and find that these phase transitions are described by the simple exponential relaxation and power-law relaxation of physical quantities, respectively. We compare the relaxation behaviors of these phase transitions with those of the second-order phase transition in the three- and four-dimensional X Y models and in the 2D q -state Potts models for 2 ≤q ≤4 and show that the species of phase transitions can be clearly characterized by the present analysis. We also compare the size dependence of relaxation behaviors of the first-order phase transition in the 2D q =5 and 6 Potts models and propose a quantitative criterion on "weakness" of the first-order phase transition.

  10. Experience ofWANG Song-ling for treating migraine%王松龄治疗偏头痛经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    僧志飞; 王松龄

    2015-01-01

    Migraine was a common internal disease, and belonged to headache with internal injury. TCM paid attention to Bianzheng Lunzhi and Zhibing Qiuben. In treatment, doctors could treat symptoms at first for acute patients. Prof. WANG Song-ling treated the disease based on his experience. He used decoctions plus external therapies in treatment. Clinical efficacy was confirmed.%偏头痛为内科常见病,多属内伤头痛范畴,也可因外邪引发。对于头痛的治疗,中医注重辨证论治及治病求本,对于急性发作者,亦可塞鼻先治其标。王松龄教授结合多年临床经验,对头痛的治疗独具匠心,辨证时首察病因,明辨风痰瘀虚,审因论治,临证上遣方用药巧妙灵活,且配合外治法,临床疗效肯定。

  11. To Death: The Death Narrative of Wang Xiaobo' Fiction%向死而生:论王小波小说的生死观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张川平

    2011-01-01

    " Death Narrative" of Wang Xiaobo' novel has great significance in the main part construction. He showed the landscape of death and the death penalty, the tanglement between the desire for love and death, the deep description of death, and the imagination of the world after death, etc. Thus he established the death narrative based on the main part construction. "To Death" became an important philosophical supporting point of his novels.%王小波小说中的“死亡叙事”在主体建构中有十分重要的意义。他以对死亡景观和死刑想象独特的文学呈现、贯穿其间的爱欲与死欲的纠结、对死亡的凝视和深描、对死后世界的想象等,建立起以主体建构为目标和目的的死亡叙事,“向死而生”的生死观成为其小说文本的一个重要的哲学支点。

  12. The Wang Family of Xincheng on the Rise and Fall of Ming and Qing Dynasties%明清新城王氏家族盛衰探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张金丹

    2016-01-01

    The Wang family of Shandong Xincheng within a very short period of time by the end of a family of unknown civilian development tide for the pomp of the Ming and Qing Dynasties aristocratic families ,however ,it showed decline trend after 300 years .This article mainly from four aspects to explore the family prosperity on politics ,economy ,marriage and education .Then via internal and external environment aspects to explore its decline slightly .From the explore we can find a reference for the development of the family .%山东新城王氏家族在极短的时间内由元末的一个默默无闻的平民之家发展为煊赫明清两朝的世家大族,然而却又在300余年后呈现衰败之势走向衰落,这其中包含诸多因素。通过从政治、经济、婚姻、教育四方面进行分析,可以探究其家族兴盛之因,继而又从内外部环境方面探微其衰落源流,进而为后世家族发展提供借鉴。

  13. Retraction statement: 'Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer' by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-07-01

    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2-1 and shmDial1-1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2-2 and shmDial1-2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-1 and shFMNL2-1 + shmDial1-2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference Zeng Y, Xie H, Qiao Y, Wang J, Zhu X, He G, Li Y, Ren X, Wang F, Liang L, Ding Y. Formin-like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385-93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768.

  14. Retraction statement: ‘Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer’ by Yuanfeng Zeng, Huijun Xie, Yudan Qiao, Jianmei Wang, Xiling Zhu, Guoyang He, Yuling Li, Xiaoli Ren, Feifei Wang, Li Liang and Yanqing Ding

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The above article in Cancer Science (doi: 10.1111/cas.12768), published online on 26 October 2015 in Wiley Online Library (http://wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor in Chief, Yusuke Nakamura, and Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. The retraction has been agreed as Panels +C3 and +Y27632 of SW480 Mock shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels + C3 and +Y27632 of HT29 FMNL2 shown in Figure 2a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels shFMNL2‐1 and shmDial1‐1 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, shFMNL2‐2 and shmDial1‐2 in Figure 3a appear to have been taken from the same image, Panels of shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐1 and shFMNL2‐1 + shmDial1‐2 of +LPA appear to have been taken from the same image, gel bands of FLAG in Figure 4e appear to have been have been manipulated by erasing gel bands. Reference ZengY , XieH , QiaoY , WangJ , ZhuX , HeG , LiY , RenX , WangF , LiangL , DingY . Formin‐like2 regulates Rho/ROCK pathway to promote actin assembly and cell invasion of colorectal cancer. Cancer Sci 2015; 106: 1385–93. doi: 10.1111/cas.12768 26258642 PMID:27420476

  15. 王阳明“艉心之本体”的情感伦理学探优%An Analysis of the Emotional Ethics within WANG Yangming's Proposition "Happiness is the Noumenon of Mind"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶青春

    2012-01-01

    从儒家仁之乐的言说困难入手,对王阳明“乐是心之本体”进行情感现学象的分析,并揭示王阳明这一伦理命题中所蕴藏的良知境界与道德情感的关系,阐释其对人生际遇和社会评价的超越及其时代价值。%Through researching the speech difficulty of Confucianism's happiness within benevolence, WANG Yangrning's ethical proposition "happiness is the noumenon of mind" is analyzed based on emotional phenomenology. Meanwhile, the relationship between conscience realm and moral emotion within WANG Yangming's ethical proposition is revealed. Its transcendence of life encouter and social evaluation, and its era value, are expounded as well.

  16. Wang Guo-wei's Theory of "Dizziness and Confusion"and Chinese and Western Aesthetic Tradition%王国维之“眩惑”说与中西美学传统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符晓

    2016-01-01

    "Dizziness and confusion" was the theory combined with Schopenhauer's concept of "obsequious" and Chinese traditional aesthetics by Wang Guo-wei. It refered to the opposite of the "magnificent" and "beautiful" in aesthetics. Wang Guo-wei put it on the opposite of life. From this it could reflect an aesthetic view against life that became an adverse current in modern aesthetics.%“眩惑”是王国维结合叔本华“媚美”概念和中国传统美学衍生出的理论,用以指称美学中“壮美”和“优美”的对立面。王国维将“眩惑”置于生活的反面,从中可以透视出一种反生活的美学观,成为近代美学的一股逆潮。

  17. On Dilemma and Way out of Spreading of Wang Chuanshan's Thought in Digital Age%数字时代王船山思想传播的困境与出路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨旭明

    2011-01-01

    数字时代王船山思想的传播,虽面临着大众化的挑战,但仍有着巨大的文化价值和商业价值。传播文本的多样化、传播主体的大众化和传播机制的产业化,是王船山思想传播走出困境的重要策略。%The spreading of Wang-chuanshan's thought in the digital age still has significant cultural value and commercial value,though faces the challenge of mass.Transmitted text of diversification,popularization and dissemination of media mechanism in production is an important strategy for Wang Chuansha's thought spreading out of the dilemma.

  18. Withdrawal of Chinese Physics Letters 28 (2011) 043401 “Measurement of Absolute Atomic Collision Cross Section with Helium Using 87Rb Atoms Confined in Magneto-Optic and Magnetic Traps” by WANG Ji-Cheng et al.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Ji-Cheng; ZHOU Ke-Ya; WANG Yue-Yuan; LIAO Qing-Hong; LIU Shu-Tian

    2011-01-01

    We announce the withdrawal of the article entitled “Measurement of Absolute Atomic Collision Cross Section with Helium Using 87Rb Atoms Confined in Magneto-Optic and Magnetic Traps”,which was published in Chinese Physics Letters [28(4)(2011)043401].The first author,Jicheng Wang,had participated in related research with Professor Kirk Madison's group at the Department of Physics & Astronomy at the University of British Columbia,Canada from September 2008 to February 2010.Even though consent had been granted for some of the experimental data to be used by Jicheng Wang in his own thesis,its publication had not been authorized.We apologize to Professor K.Madison for the misunderstanding,and to Chinese Physics Letters and the readers of Chinese Physics Letters for any inconvenience this mistake may have caused.%We announce the withdrawal of the article entitled "Measurement of Absolute Atomic Collision Cross Section with Helium Using 87Rb Atoms Confined in Magneto-Optic and Magnetic Traps", which was published in Chinese Physics Letters [28(4) (2011)043401]. The first author, Jicheng Wang, had participated in related research with Professor Kirk Madison's group at the Department of Physics & Astronomy at the University of British Columbia, Canada from September 2008 to February 2010. Even though consent had been granted for some of the experimental data to be used by Jicheng Wang in his own thesis, its publication had not been authorized. We apologize to Professor K. Madison for the misunderstanding, and to Chinese Physics Letters ad the readers of Chinese Physics Letters for any inconvenience this mistake may have caused.

  19. Using game theory to investigate the epigenetic control mechanisms of embryo development. Comment on: ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Le; Zhang, Shaoxiang

    2017-03-01

    A body of research [1-7] has already shown that epigenetic reprogramming plays a critical role in maintaining the normal development of embryos. However, the mechanistic quantitation of the epigenetic interactions between sperms and oocytes and the related impact on embryo development are still not clear [6,7]. In this study, Wang et al., [8] develop a modeling framework that addresses this question by integrating game theory and the latest discoveries of the epigenetic control of embryo development.

  20. ON THE GRATITUDE AND RESENTM ENT BETW EEN WANG ANSHIAND SU XUN,SU SHI,SU ZHE%王安石与“三苏”的恩恩怨怨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢英宏

    2014-01-01

    王安石与苏洵、苏轼、苏辙同为唐宋八大家,同为北宋时期著名文人和士大夫。因为性格和素养有别,苏洵看不起王安石;因为王安石领导熙宁变法,苏轼上奏反对,苏辙是先拥护后反对,而王安石对苏轼兄弟给予挤压排斥。他们之间所产生的恩恩怨怨,体现出北宋士大夫的为君王忧和为天下忧的士大夫精神,也体现不同政见者之间的意气性格,由此可感知历史的厚重与性格的迥异。%Wang Anshiand Su Xun,Su Shi,Su Zhe were the fourofeightgreatprose writersin the Tang and Song Dynasties, also the well-known literati and scholar-officials in the N orthern Song Dynasty. Due to the different personality and accomplishment,SuXun despised Wang Anshi;because Wang leaded the Reform MovementofXining (1069),SuShiopposed it,Su Zhe supported atfirstand then opposed it,and so three ofthem were repelled and squeezed by Wang A nshi.The gratitude and resentm ent between them shows the scholar-officials'worry about the em pire and the nation in the N orthern Song Dynasty also em bodies the personalities am ong the people with different political view. Thereby, we can feel the thick and dignified history and different personalities.

  1. 晚明白话小说中媒妁形象的职业化探讨%A Famous Textual Critic & the Respected Man in Luodai -A Brief Introduction of Historical Linguist Wang Shumin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程虹; 黄明亮

    2012-01-01

    晚明时期的媒妁这一特殊文化现象,秉承一种宗法家族制与民间社会的中介职能,随着农商经济的发展,其社会民间媒妁的职能有了向职业化方向发展的趋势,呈现出特有的商业化色彩。而小说所表现的媒妁形象多有传统的伦理、诚信意识,甚至表现为强烈的职业化意识。%In his early years, Wang Shumin was taught by Fu Sinian and Tang Yongtong, and stayed in the History and Language Institute of Academia Sinica until 1948 when he moved to Taiwan together with the Institute. Mr. Wang taught in universities in Taiwan, Singapore, and Malaysia respectively, with his publications of Collation of the Historical Records and Collation & Interpretation of Zhuang Zi and so on. With the gradual interest of the Mainland academic, cultural circles in published in 2007 Collection of Wang memoir. He return Yuan of Taiwan in at Longquanyi, Ch Wang Shuming academic achievements, Zhonghua Book C Shumin Works ed home in the Mainland for touri 2000, started keeping a long stay engdu in August 2008. , thirty copies of 19 kinds in total, and a se sm in 1992, was granted the cultural award in the Mainland from 2002, and died at his ompany in Beij parate issue of by the Executive eldest son~ home

  2. A mathematical view for ordinary differential equation models. Comment on ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Guifang

    2017-03-01

    Qian Wang et al. have written an interesting article to propose a modeling framework named epiGame in this issue of Physics of Life Reviews [1]. The epiGame framework models how the methylation state of paternal and maternal genomes regulates the embryogenesis as an ecological system in which two highly distinct and specialized gametes coordinate through either cooperation or competition, or both, to maximize the fitness of embryos. Qian Wang et al. also provide solid simulation studies and real data analysis to validate the correctness of their epiGame framework. The importance of embryo development and fertility mechanism cannot be overemphasized, hence, I think that the present review by Qian Wang et al. will stand as a useful modeling guide for practicing biologists or researchers in fertility health to quantify how sperms and oocytes interact through epigenetic process to determine embryo development. In addition, it will serve as a source of many important references to work in the reproductive biology field.

  3. Significance of Wang Shuo’s Novel Writing Mode for the Current Literature%王朔小说创作模式的当下文学意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周树国

    2013-01-01

    Wang Shuo's novels in a sense, to create a new fiction narrative mode, in order to cater to the public's kitsch sexual psychology, is one of the popular novels and a new writing mode of the popular contemporary literature development. Despite the mixed reviews and literary critics for“Wang Shuo Phenomenon", Wang Shuo's creation has a certain significance for the development of the current literature.%  王朔的小说创作在某种意义上创造了新的小说叙述模式,以迎合大众的“媚俗”性心理在社会上显示了它独特的价值,成为当时人们喜闻乐道的小说样式之一,也为当代通俗文学发展提供了新的书写模式。尽管文学界和评论界对于“王朔现象”的评论褒贬不一,但王朔的创作对于当下文学的发展具有一定的意义。

  4. Assisting Heaven:the Ultimate Concern of Wang Fuzhi's Philosophical System%相天:王夫之思想体系的终极关怀∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭明冉

    2016-01-01

    在反清复明无望的情形下,王夫之转入了重建儒家文化,这就是他的“六经责我开生面”的抱负。其重建儒家文化的目的在于剔除儒家中佛教等其他学派的负面因素,提供一个帮助人们建立健康道德和宇宙和谐的新伦理体系。他以张载的“太和”为最高目标,以庄子的“相天”为其方法,展开对儒家经典的新诠释。他分别从“自然之天”和“仁心之天”的角度提出相天的必要和方法。前者在于利用人的智慧创造发明,补充天之不足;后者在于以礼义节制人的行为,扩充仁爱和和谐。他相信只要人们能够坚持履行儒家的礼义,气质可以改变,而神气可以得到保持。即使形体消散,自己对宇宙所贡献的那一团和气(神)仍然会造福后代。这样,才完成了人之所以为人的意义。%Wang Fuzhi resorted to the reconstruction of Confucianism in front of the ruthless fact that the Manchu consolidated their conquest of China and annihilated the last Ming prince.In an effort to do so,Wang Fuzhi tried to sift out Confucianism from the adulterated Buddhist elements,and provided later generation a healthy moral theory which would promote universal harmony.He took the construction of“the Great Harmony/taihe”as his objective,and“assisting Heaven/xiangtian”as his method,and started his new interpretation of Confucian classics.He proposed the necessity and methods of the assistance of Heaven from the perspective of both natural and humane dimensions.The former lies in using human in-telligence and invention to supplement what Heaven cannot provide;the latter asks people to expand their humanity and love to promote universal harmony through abiding by Confucian principles.He believed,by complying Confucian principles,one can transform one's physical defects and bad habits,and consolidate one's spirit,i.e.,one's harmonious qi.As a result,one would leave a mass of

  5. 王跃文案的竞争法思考%CONSIDERATIONS ON THE CASE OF WANG YUE-WEN FROM THE POINT OF VIEW OF COMPETITION LAW

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张燕

    2011-01-01

    The case of Wang Yue-wen put the question whether the author belongs to the "manager",although the court has made a decision of individual case,the new type unfair competition will keep appearing,if we explain every applicable subject,it will increase our justice cost.So I think the applicable subject of Anti-unfair Competition Law should extend its range from "manager" to all people whose activity can influence the market competition.Besides,this case also reflect the necessity of protecting image of celebrities,in order to protect their rights,we should increase a special regulation in the Anti-unfair Competition Law,avoiding the consumer produce confusion for image of celebrities that have commercial mark.%王跃文案提出了作家是否属于"经营者"问题,虽然法院对个案已做了认定,但新型的不正当竞争却会不断出现,若一一对适用主体进行解释将增加司法成本。所以《反不正当竞争法》适用主体应从"经营者"扩展到"凡影响市场竞争活动之人"。另外,该案也反映了名人形象保护的必要性,在《反不正当竞争法》中亦应增加一款专门规定予以保护,防止消费者对具备商业标识的名人形象产生混淆。

  6. Absorption of SO/sub 2/ by pecan (Carya illinoensis (Wang) K. Koch) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L. ) and its effect on net photosynthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sisson, W.B.; Booth, J.A.; Throneberry, G.O.

    1981-06-01

    Absorption rates of SO/sub 2/ by pecan (Carya illinoensis (Wang) K. Koch) leaflets exposed to 2.6, 5.2, and 7.8 mg SO/sub 2/ m/sup -3/ were measured over a 2 h period. SO/sub 2/ was rapidly absorbed by the leaflets in all treatments during the initial 30-50 min; the rate of uptake decreased to a rather constant level thereafter. Total SO/sub 2/ absorbed during the 2 h period was 15.6, 25.6, and 38.9 nmol cm/sup -2/ for the low, medium, and high SO/sub 2/ concentrations, respectively. Reductions in net photosynthetic rates were proportional to ambient SO/sub 2/ concentrations and total SO/sub 2/ absorbed. Partial photosynthetic recovery occurred in all treatments during a 2 hr post-treatment period and full recovery occurred during a 12 h dark period. Exposure to SO/sub 2/ resulted in slight increases in stomatal and boundary layer resistances to CO/sub 2/ and substantial increases in residual resistances. Absorption rates of SO/sub 2/ by alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) exposed to 5.2 mg SO/sub 2/ m/sup -3/ for 1 h were approximately double those of pecan exposed to the same ambient SO/sub 2/ concentration. Alfalfa net photosynthetic rates were reduced 74% after 1 h exposure to 5.2 mg SO/sub 2/ m/sup -3/ while a depression of 42% occurred in pecan.

  7. 论汪野亭瓷画作品中的审美境界%On the Aesthetic Realm in Porcelain Painting of Wang Yeting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘楠

    2014-01-01

    民国时期瓷板画家汪野亭把传统文人山水画移诸陶瓷器具,开创了新粉彩青绿山水瓷画。其作品融合传统绘画的笔墨技法、立意构图、章法布局等,并开拓创新,形成了独具个性的风格特征。作品中画面情景、动静、虚实、形神交错穿插,浑然一体,以平远之法绘山水,境界开阔,笔法放逸,淡雅自然,意境深远。%During the period of the Republic of China, porcelain painter Wang Yeting created porcelain picture of the new famille rose blue and green landscape painting through putting the traditional literati painting shift all ceramic utensils. His works blended traditional painting techniques, conception of ink composition, layout and blaze new trails, and formed the unique style of individuality. In the work, the relationship of the motion and scene, the sound of something astir, the actual situation, form and spirit are interlocked into alternation and an unified whole. He drew the scenery by the law of Pingyuan and eventually formed the following realm: the boundary is open,and the writing technique puts leisurely and elegantly simple nature and the magnificence in artistic conception.

  8. 王度庐:“渡”向“辽远水平线”的悲怆情侠%Wang Dulu a Sorrowful and Romantic Knight

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟广顺

    2013-01-01

    Wang Dulu is an outstanding representative of popular literature writers of ethnic minority in enemy-occupied area in the 1930s. Although romantic fictions and martial arts fictions are the main styles and features in his works, martial arts fictions are more typical. From 1937 to 1949, he lived in Qingdao, occupied with teaching in the middle school. Publishing and creating works of popular literature in Qingdao Xinmin Bao, he had a great influence on the later martial arts fictions. Not only did his achievement in literary creation have general value from the writers of the Republic of China, but also his works play a significant part in maintaining multiculture, cultural accumulation and improving image culture of the country.%  王度庐是20世纪三四十年代通俗文学作家、沦陷区作家、少数民族作家的杰出代表,他兼具言情与武侠两大元素而以武侠为主,在1937—1949年寓居青岛任职中学教师期间,通过《青岛新民报》创作并连载了大量的通俗文学作品,对后世武侠小说影响很大。王度庐的文学创作成就不仅具有民国京旗作家的一般价值,而且具有维护文化多元共生、重视中华文化积累、强化国家文化形象的重要意义。

  9. On WANG Yang-ming’s Mind Philosophy and Evolution of Prose Schools of Ming Dynasty%Journal of Neijiang Normal University

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常威

    2016-01-01

    探究明代散文流派蜂起与迭变的原因,其一源自于“明代文人集团的发达”。其二,渊源于是期文学流派间鲜明的门户意识。其三,显然打上了阳明心学的深深烙印。可以说,学贵自得的心学诉求带来了主体精神的空前高涨,而阳明心学主体自觉与自由精神下滋生的明代学人偏胜、矫激的性格特质也成为明代散文流派迭变频仍的一个重要成因。%This paper has probed into the evolution reasons of prose schools in Ming Dynasty.Firstly,we can find the highly developed “scholar groups”.Secondly,the awareness of difference between literary schools was quite striking.Thirdly, such evolution was obviously branded by WANG Yang-ming’s mind philosophy.It can be said that the appeal of the mind phi-losophy “self learning is better than anything else”brought the unprecedented upsurge of subj ects’spirit.The Ming scholars’ inclination for victory and excitement-restraining character born under the subjects’self-consciousness freedom spirit held by such mind philosophy also became an important cause for the constant change of prose schools of Ming Dynasty.

  10. On Chinese-style Narrative in Wang Hai-ling' s Novels%论王海鸰小说的中国式叙事

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林珊

    2015-01-01

    Besides the pattern of "nearly cruel calmness" revealing the factors affecting love and marriage in Wang Hai-ling' s novels, which has arousing people ' s deep thoughts, there ' s another reason why they are so popular is that her Chinese narrative, which conforms to the Chinese readers' esthetic habit and easily arouses the emotional sympathy. However, there are few people studying this Chinese-style narrative. The Chinese narrative which is integrated with the Chinese traditional culture mainly shows in three aspects, i.e. the image-building of kindness, the modern deduction of gifted scholars with beautiful ladies, and the motif description of happy reunion.%王海鸰的婚恋小说之所以倍受青睐,除了她以"冷静而近乎残忍"的方式揭示出影响爱情婚姻的诸多因素而引起人们的深思之外,其小说的中国式叙事方式十分符合中国读者的审美习惯、容易引起情感共鸣亦是重要原因,然在王海鸰的研究中对此却未曾论及. 这种融入了中国传统文化因素的中国式叙事主要表现在具有"尚善"特点的形象塑造、"才子佳人"模式的现代演绎、"大团圆" 母题的另类书写等三个方面.

  11. Exploring Space Landscape and Environmental Behavior of Wang Shi Yuan Garden%网师园的空间景观与环境行为探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈思; 马子龙; 曹磊

    2012-01-01

    从网师园的历史沿革、造园立意、平面布局、主要景观及空间特色等方面分析了园内环境景观与古代文人雅士的居、息、游、赏,以及现代游览者领略文化、休闲游园等行为活动之间的关系。探究了“因诗成景”、“以画入园”的独特景观营造思想和布局手法及其在有限空间的无限意境中提高人们感知、体验、参与环境的行为价值。最后结合当下的时代精神,提炼了中国古典园林中的景观环境行为理念。%From Wang Shi Yuan's history, gardening conception,layout, major landscapes and space characteristics,etc. ,this artiCle aims at exploring its relationship between environmental landscape and activities of ancient scholars' residing, resting,touring, and enjoying as well as contemporary tourists' culture appreciation and recreation. In addition, the article explores the unique landscape thoughts and layout techniques of "poems ,of the scene" and "paintings of the garden", and improves the behavior value of people's perception, experience, and environmental participation in the infinite artistic landscape. Hopefully, according to the current spirit, the refining of the environmental behavior principles in the Chinese classical gardens will benefit the modern landscape design.

  12. 王孝鱼整理本《庄子集释》缺陷举隅%Examples of the Imperfection in Zhuangzi Jishi edited by Wang Xiaoyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋门马

    2012-01-01

    Zhuangzi Jishi, edited by Wang Xiaoyu, originally compiled by Guo Qingfan of Qing dynasty, published in 1961 by Zhonghua Press, is an accepted book of Zhuangzi and has ever since been the authorized edition of Zhuangzi in comtemporary China. However, this edition of Zhuangzi acctually is far from perfcetion, owing to the fact that: (1) its ancester edition is of innate imperfection; (2) its most significant reference editions are actually absent; (3) the main reference edition is innately imperfect; (4) Editorial Notes of Zhuangzi of an ancient edition of Zhuangzi, is pearls with fish eyes; (5) Zhuangzi Que Wu, used as an important reference edition, is almost a collcetion of mistakes; and last, there are a lot of mistakes in the edition itself.%中华书局1961年出版的王孝鱼整理本清郭庆藩辑《庄子集释》,在《庄子》相关领域具有广泛而深远的影响。本文指出书中存在五大缺陷:一、底本的原底本存在先天缺陷;二、名义上的主校本名存实亡;三、事实上的主校本后天不足;四、参校本之《庄子札记》鱼目混珠;五、列入之《庄子阙误》张冠李戴,名不副实,实为讹误;再加上这个整理本还有一些校勘阙误。

  13. Wang Fuzhi's Inheritance and Development on the Military Thoughts of Sun Tzu%王夫之对孙子军事思想的继承与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兆禄

    2011-01-01

    On the basis of Confucianism, Wang Fuzhi studied and absorbed Sun Tzu's military thoughts and made his own development. Wang Fuzhi inherited Sun Tzu's thoughts of"be cautious about war". Holding a cautious attitude to warfare, Wang Fuzhi put forward that to obtain the victory, there must be "Ren" and "de", which is the root of running the army and national rejuvenating. He developed Sun Tzu's " utilize combined energy " thinking, Inherit and developed Sun Tzu's "law" in his thoughts of" Five keys", paid attention to military supplement and war preparation. In addition, Wang Fuzhi has also developed a set of thoughts about the role of the Lord, the general, the soldier,emphasizing strategy, and maneuvers direct and indirect Wang Fuzhi's military thinking is in the absorption of The Art of War as the representative of the outstanding traditional military thoughts, based on this formation,it is a is an important component in. traditional military thinking%王夫之以儒家思想为基础,借鉴吸收孙子军事思想,并对其加以继承发展。王夫之继承孙子“慎战”思想,对战争持审慎态度,认为要兴盛取胜,必须推行仁德,这才是兴国治军之根本。继承发展孙子“任势”思想,强调作战要因势制敌。继承发展孙子“五事”中“法”的思想,重视足食足兵,教兵备战。此外,王夫之还发展了孙子有关主、将、卒的作用和相互关系思想,重谋思想以及奇正思想。王夫之的军事思想是在吸收以孙子兵法为代表的优秀传统军事思想的基础上形成的,是我国传统军事思想的一个重要组成部分。

  14. 王阳明“身体”哲学的生态维度%On Ecological Thought of Wang Yang-ming’s Philosophy of“Body”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵宁

    2015-01-01

    In the past few years, the study of environmental ethics has focused on the relationship between human and nature but ignored an important part,the relationship between“body”and“mind”. It is a way to return to the origin to investigate the relationship between human and nature from the perspective of the relationship between“body”and“mind”. It is undeniable that the alienation of body and mind is prior to that of human and nature. According to the western philosophy, from Plato to Descartes,“mind”is usually regarded as the master of the universe while“body”as the source of degeneration, which is a tradition of dichotomy. After the disenchantment of Enlightenment,“reason”became the only thing respected in preference to“body”and“nature”. Different from the traditional western philosophy of consciousness, Wang Yang-ming ’ s philosophy, a representative of Confucianism, contains profound ecological wisdom. From the perspective of cosmology, human and all other beings coexist in an organic ecological community, presenting the characteristics of nature in“generating lives”. Such a basic fact can be known through“body”in Wang Yang-ming’s philosophy, different from western environmental ethics which builds the relationship between human and nature on“mind”. From the perspective of methodology, Wang’s philosophy not only vividly reveals the unified relationship between“ego”and“self”through the metaphor of“body”, but also demonstrates the harmony between human and nature through the metaphor of the harmony between“body”and“mind”. From the perspective of bourn theory, Wang ’ s ideology of“body”is of transcendence through the effort unifying knowing and doing, consisting of an ecological moral bourn and an ecological aesthetic bourn. To solve the ecological crisis, it is essential to reflect on the western inherent thinking mode and absorb wisdom from different cultures. Comparing the two different

  15. 王安石的以义理财论及其实践%Wang Anshi's Viewpoint on Financing by Justice and Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳辉纯

    2011-01-01

    北宋是个积贫积弱的朝代,主要表现是三冗:"冗官""冗兵""冗费"。这是王安石以义理财论及其实践的主要社会历史条件。他的以义理财论的主要内容包括内部理财和外部理财两个方面。内部理财的实质是调整财富结构布局,加强中央政府对财政权的控制,把落在富人手中的巨额资金收归中央政府,从而达到富国强兵利民的目的。外部理财是通过发展农业,改造大自然来创造社会财富。他的以义理财论及其实践对建设我国社会主义市场经济具有重要的借鉴意义。%Song dynasty is one characterized by a weak force and strong civilization,and constantly humiliated and perished by the alien regime "redundant soldiers" "redundant officials" "redundant expense".Wang Anshi's Viewpoint on financing by justice includes the essence of internal and external financing.The essence of internal financing is the adjustment of the structure and layout of wealth,strengthening the central government's control over the financial power,returning the enormous amount of money falling on the rich to the central government so as to the state monopoly important commodities and to achieve the purpose of rich the country and make the arms strong.External financing is to create social wealth through development of agriculture and transformation of the nature.His Viewpoint on financing by justice and practice has important theoretical reference value in socialist market economy.

  16. 中国已知最大的蜻蜓:内蒙古侏罗纪的赵氏修复蟌蜓(Hsiufua chaoi Zhang et Wang,gen.et sp.nov.)%The largest known odonate in China: Hsiufua chaoi Zhang et Wang, gen.et sp.nov.from the Middle Jurassic of Inner Mongolia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海春; 郑大燃; 王博; 方艳; JARZEMBOWSKI Edmund A

    2013-01-01

    根据产自我国内蒙古宁城中侏罗世海房沟组中的1件昆虫前翅标本,建立一新属新种:赵氏修复蟌蜓(Hsiufua chaoi Zhang et Wang,gen.et sp.nov.),归入蜻蜓目(Odonata)、等脉蟌蜒总科(Isophlebioidea)、弯脉蟌蜓科(Campterophlebiidae).它是我国已知蜻蜓目前翅最长的种类,也是该目世界第四大的昆虫.蜻蜓目在二叠纪的体型小于中生代,很可能源自原蜻蜓目的竞争,而侏罗纪最大蜻蜓的前翅长于现生最大蜻蜓的前翅,最主要的原因可能是当时空中的竞争和捕食压力较小.

  17. Rectifying the mind:the main practice of Wang Yangming’s mind%治心:王阳明心学的主要实践环节

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董甲河

    2014-01-01

    王阳明心学不仅是哲学的建构,而且是实践的学问。由王阳明心学主要思想中“心即理”、“知行合一”、“致良知”三个方面表明,王阳明心学在实践中主要解决知行关系问题,并着重于个体内心的逆觉体证,转化人心从而安顿生命,因此可以说治心是王阳明心学的主要实践环节。在治心中,王阳明提出四句教的治心方法,针对三种品级采取相应进路,循循渐进,实践可以体会良知的妙用,体验心体之乐,提升与天地万物为一体的境界,人人可以成圣。王阳明治心方法圆融,但有走向情欲横流的危险,而且这种觉民行道的路线理想化,在现实中有较大局限。%Wang Yangming’s mind is not only the construction of philosophy, but the practice of learning. By Wang Yangming main idea of“mind is Li”“Knowledge and Action”“Conscience”three aspects that Wang Yangming was in practice mainly to solve the problem of the relationship between knowing and he focused on the individual inner perception physical evidence against, thereby transforming people’s settled life, and rectifying the mind is the main practice of Wang Yangming’s mind. Wang Yangming thought that people spiritually got lost because their conscience was blinded by selfishness. He advocated that only by seeking and finding their Mind could people find their way out. He prescribed four teachings methods, taking appropriate devices for three different makings who would progress through different ways. As a result of this rectification, people could experience the magical effect of conscience, the joy of Mind and the mental state of the universe as a whole, and all become saints. Wang Yangming’s the methods of the rectification of the mind is complete and interfused, but there is also the danger of the overflow of selfishness. And this route of making people conscious is idealistic, which has great limitations in the

  18. Summary to Commemoration of the 120th Anniversary of Wang - Guangqi Academic Seminar%“纪念王光祈120周年诞辰学术研讨会”综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄磊; 朱晓舟

    2012-01-01

    As a distinguished social activist during the period of New Culture Movement and May 4th Movement and as the pionecr and iounder of Chinese musicology, Wang Guangqi leaves us precious ideological legacy during his limited llfe. At the Seminar, Discussions are held on the political thoughts, the cultural thoughts, the educational thoughts, the music theory, the music theoretic research and the social communication of Wang Guangqi. The experts and scholars are focusing on Wang's ideal of Young China and his thoughts of social transformation. In addition, they are also contending the topics of his thoughts of saving the country through music and his positive effect on the development of Chinese opera.%王光祈作为五四新文化时期杰出的社会活动家,我国音乐学的开拓者和奠基人,在其短暂的生命历程中留下了宝贵的思想遗产。与会专家学者针对王光祈的政治思想及活动、文化思想、音乐理论、教育思想和社会交往等展开了讨论,着重探讨了他的少年中国理想和社会改造思想,并对其音乐救国思想和他对中国歌剧的发展等部分问题进行了探讨。

  19. Interoperability Between Heidegger's Truth and Wang Guowei's Poetics%论海德格尔真理观与王国维诗学性向的互通性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘海军

    2015-01-01

    海德格尔真理观与王国维提出的独立说、境界说具有内质纹理上的亲缘性.海德格尔提出真理的本质是自由,而绽出的自由是将真理本质摄入到本己的意识结构之中.王国维"独立"说重视本己自由的价值性向,他认为诗人唯有处于本源时间状态中,面对自身的时间性和必死性时,其本真独立性才得以绽出.海德格尔真理观包含存在之真、无之畏、自由等思想维度,王国维境界说同样涵摄了真、忧、自由等价值范畴.探讨王国维境界说与海德格尔真理观,不仅能够明晰其具体指涉,而且两者内在性向的互通性得以彰显.%Heidegger's view of truth has an essential affinity with Wang Guowei's view of independence and realm. Heidegger proposed that the essence of truth is freedom, the expression of which intakes truth into the subject's consciousness. Wang Guowei's"independence"emphasizes the value of the subject's freedom. He thinks that the poet expresses his independence only when he faces his timeliness and mortality in a state of original time. Heidegger's view contains the existence of truth, fearlessness and freedom, whereas Wang Guowei's view of realm includes the same value category such as truth, worry and freedom. An exploration of their views clarifies the specific reference and also reveals the inherent interoperability between them.

  20. Academic Leadership and Research System:Study on Wang Dezhao’ s Thoughts of Science Research%学术领袖与科研制度:汪德昭科研思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张廷亮

    2013-01-01

    汪德昭是我国现代著名的物理学家,我国国防水声学研究的的奠基人,也是我国声学科学研究杰出的领导者和组织者。他既有多年国外留学和工作的经历,更有为祖国科学事业奋力拼搏的业绩。他在多年的科研及组织领导工作中,形成了科研战略、科研方法与策略、科研组织与管理的思想。汪德昭的科研思想源头是法国的留学和科研工作经历以及著名科学家郎之万的教诲。汪德昭的科研思想是当今开展的知识管理理论的核心内容。%Wang Dezhao is a famous scientist .He is the founder of research cause of water sound in the notational de-fense .He is also the leader and organizer in phonics research of our country .He has experience of studying and working in France, and he also has a lot of performance of science research for the motherland .In the process of work on science re-search and leadership , he has raised a lot of thoughts of strategy , methods and policy , organization and management of science research .The source of Wang Dezhao ’ s thoughts of science research comes from experience of studying abroad and science research and including the studying experience from great scientist Paui Langevin .Wang Dezhao ’ s thoughts of science research is the core content of knowledge management theory research right now .

  1. Investigation and Evaluation of the Truth about Anti-France Movement and Wang Zhichun' s Impeachment%拒法运动原因的真相与王之春被劾之由考论

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖宗志

    2011-01-01

    This paper mainly discussed and questioned the academically- recognized truth about Wang Zhichun' s betrayal and the so-called direct relationship between the Anti-France Movement and Wang' s dismissal from office. On the basis of the newly pub- lished French Diplomatic Files and reinterpretation of historical data and late Qing Dynasty' s official files, I thought that Wang did take traitoriously non-official negotiations such as borrowing money from France and Germany, but didn' t depend on French military power to suppress the civil unrest in the Province of Guangxi. And I drew the conclusion that Wang ' s dismissal from office didn' t result from the Anti-France Movement but from his ineffectively suppressing the civil unrest, reporting false military situation, claiming credit rewards and corrupting official management.%文章重点讨论并质疑学术界公认的广西巡抚王之春卖国的事实真相、拒法运动与王之春被免职的所谓直接关系。以最新出版的法国外交档案为依据,重新解读史料和晚清官方档案,认为王之春已有出卖国权而秘密借法款、德款的非正式谈判之事,但借法兵镇压广西内乱之事则子虚乌有;王之春下台不是拒法运动的结果,其根本原因是王之春在广西巡抚任内镇压内乱不力,谎报军情,邀功请赏,吏治败坏。

  2. Epigenetic information in gametes: Gaming from before fertilization. Comment on ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shi, Junchao; Zhang, Xudong; Liu, Ying; Chen, Qi

    2017-03-01

    In their interesting article [1] Wang et al. proposed a mathematical model based on evolutionary game theory [2] to tackle the fundamental question in embryo development, that how sperm and egg interact with each other, through epigenetic processes, to form a zygote and direct successful embryo development. This work is based on the premise that epigenetic reprogramming (referring to the erasure and reconstruction of epigenetic marks, such as DNA methylation and histone modifications) after fertilization might be of paramount importance to maintain the normal development of embryos, a premise we fully agree, given the compelling experimental evidence reported [3]. Wang et al. have specifically chosen to employ the well-studied DNA methylation reprogramming process during mammalian early embryo development, as a basis to develop their mathematical model, namely epigenetic game theory (epiGame). They concluded that the DNA methylation pattern in mammalian early embryo could be formulated and quantified, and their model can be further used to quantify the interactions, such as competition and/or cooperation of expressed genes that maximize the fitness of embryos. The efforts by Wang et al. in quantitatively and systematically analyzing the beginning of life apparently hold value and represent a novel direction for future embryo development research from both theoretical and experimental biologists. On the other hand, we see their theory still at its infancy, because there are plenty more parameters to consider and there are spaces for debates, such as the cases of haploid embryo development [4]. Here, we briefly comment on the dynamic process of epigenetic reprogramming that goes beyond DNA methylation, a dynamic interplay that involves histone modifications, non-coding RNAs, transposable elements et al., as well as the potential input of the various types of 'hereditary' epigenetic information in the gametes - a game that has started before the fertilization.

  3. Using game theory to investigate the epigenetic control mechanisms of embryo development: Comment on: "Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition" by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Le; Zhang, Shaoxiang

    2017-03-01

    A body of research [1-7] has already shown that epigenetic reprogramming plays a critical role in maintaining the normal development of embryos. However, the mechanistic quantitation of the epigenetic interactions between sperms and oocytes and the related impact on embryo development are still not clear [6,7]. In this study, Wang et al., [8] develop a modeling framework that addresses this question by integrating game theory and the latest discoveries of the epigenetic control of embryo development. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. Experience of Wang Keqin in Treating Emotional Disease%王克勤教授辨治情志病经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕波; 王雪榕; 赵铭宇; 李红岩

    2015-01-01

    Professor Wang Keqinˊs experience in the differentiation and treatment of emotional disease embodies in the following as­ pects:①exploration the origin,the elucidation of pathogenesis. Firstly,pay attention to the psychological factors directly causing dis­ ease;Secondly,although alteration of emotion is main cause of the disease,but the change of the external environment also should attach importance to it;Thirdly,the personˊs physique is the personality base of emotional generation,and the formation and change of the character also are closely related with social and disease factors,must through the inquiry to understand;Fourthly,synthesis of the four diagnostic methods to differentiate disease condition,at the same time,there is a certain relationship between emotional disease and sea­ sonal change.②Clear position of disease,treatment of the five organs. Emotion disease and deficiency and excess of five viscera are re­ ciprocal causation.③Unity of body and soul,and treatment of mind and body. Clinical syndrome differentiation emotional and psychoso­ matic disease should be starting from holistic view of unity of appearance and spirit,dynamic balance of Yin and Yang,three talents o­ verall world view,five organs emotional corresponding view to distinguish pathogenesis and syndrome,under the guidance of 〝unity of body and soul〝 theory for treatment of mind and body.%王克勤教授辨治情志病的经验主要体现在以下几个方面:①探本求源,发微病机。首先,注重寻找直接致病的心理因素;第二,尽管情志变化太过是发病的主因,但外界环境的变化亦应予以重视;第三,人的体质为情志产生的个性基础,其性格特点的形成及变化,还与社会因素、疾病因素密切相关,必须通过问诊才能了解;第四,四诊合参辨病情,同时认为情志病的发生与季节性有一定的关系。②明确病位,五脏分治。情志致病与五脏虚实互

  5. Purification and Characterization of a Neurotoxic Peptide Huwentoxin-III and a Natural Inactive Mutant from the Venom of the Spider Selenocosmia huwena Wang (Ornithoctonus huwena Wang)%虎纹捕鸟蛛毒素-III 及其天然突变体的纯化与鉴定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄仁槐; 刘中华; 梁宋平

    2003-01-01

    A novel neurotoxic peptide, named huwentoxin-III, and a natural mutant have been isolated from the venom of the spider Selenocosmia huwena Wang (Ornithoctonus huwena Wang). The average molecular weights of the two peptides were determined as 3853.35 and 3667.40 by mass spectrometry, respectively. Huwentoxin-III has 33 amino acid residues containing 6 cysteine residues. Its natural mutant is only truncated a tryptophan residue from C-terminals of huwentoxin-III. The sequences of the two peptides show 70.5% sequence similarity with that of lectin-like peptide SHL-I previously isolated from the venom of the same spider, while they cannot agglutinate human erythrocytes. Huwentoxin-III can reversibly paralyze cockroaches for several hours with an ED50 of (192.95±120.84) μg/g (P=0.95) (x±s) and can enhance the muscular contractions elicited by stimulating the nerve of the isolated rat vas deferens, however, the mutant of huwentoxin-III has no such effect, which suggests that Trp33 was an important residue related to the biological function of huwentoxin-III.%虎纹捕鸟蛛毒素-III 及其天然突变体是从虎纹捕鸟蛛粗毒中分离得到的两个毒素多肽.虎纹捕鸟蛛毒素-III含33 个氨基酸残基, 其中包含6个半胱氨酸残基; 而其天然突变体只比虎纹捕鸟蛛毒素-III少了C端的色氨酸残基. MALDI-TOF质谱测得虎纹捕鸟蛛毒素-III 及其天然突变体的分子量分别为3853.35 和 3667.40. 通过比较其理论分子量和质谱测定的分子量表明两个多肽的6个半胱氨酸残基分别形成了三对二硫键. 虎纹捕鸟蛛毒素-III与从同一种蜘蛛分离得到的凝集素-I具有70.5%的序列相似性. 生物学活性实验表明, 虎纹捕鸟蛛毒素-III具有使美洲蜚蠊可逆的致瘫作用, 其半有效剂量(ED50)为(192.95±120.84) μg/g (P=0.95), 而且能加强由电刺激引起的大鼠输精管收缩; 而其天然突变体却不具有上述生物学活性, 表明C端色氨酸残基为

  6. 浅析王秀霞教授治疗复发性流产的辨证及遣方用药特点%A clinical analysis of Professor Wang Xiuxia for treating recurrent spontaneous abortion by differential treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩凤娟; 付杨; 王秀霞

    2016-01-01

    浅析王秀霞教授治疗复发性流产的中医辨证思想以及其遣方用药的特色。王老认为肾虚是导致复发性流产的主要原因,因此在治疗上多以补肾助阳之药为主,提倡对于反复流产的患者应在孕前即开始对症治疗;患者再次妊娠后也应积极保胎,直至无胎漏、胎动不安征象的出现。%TCM syndrome differentiation thought and medication characteristics of Professor Wang Xiuxia for treating recurrent spontaneous abortion were analyzed. Doctor Wang thought that kidney deficiency was the main reason of recurrent spontaneous miscarriage, so kidney-tonifying medicines were applied mainly in clinic; symptomatic treatment should be applied before pregnancy; after pregnant, preventing from miscarriage should be paid more attention in order to ensure the safety of the fetus.

  7. 论王字忆《小城之恋》中的直觉主义%The Intuitionism in the Novel-Love in a Small Town by Wang Anyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李冰之

    2014-01-01

    Wang Anyi's creations have a clear gender awareness and the sign of age. On the basis of her real life,she makes her creation a great work which restores to an intuitive experience in the process of writing. Such spontaneous intuitive sense of writing shows itself as the features of monologue,realism and reappearance etc. which manifest the aesthetic tendency of the intuitionalism. This paper studies Wang Anyi's based on Bergson's theory of intuitionalism,which intend to probe into the aesthetic pursuit of the creation of intuitionalism.%王安忆的创作呈现出明显的女性意识和年龄征候,她以现实生活为基础,升华为作品艺术,在写作时还原为一种直觉经验。这种自发性直觉写作的小说意识在文本中表现为独语、写实和再现等特点,体现出直觉主义的美学倾向。本文借助柏格森的直觉主义文论,以《小城之恋》为文本,深入作者的内心及思想深处探讨其直觉主义创作的美学追求。

  8. Graceful and Leisure---Analysis on Wang Bochou ’ s Poem Creative Styles%悲怆婉丽清空闲远--王伯稠诗歌创作风格探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    芦宇苗

    2014-01-01

    Wang Bochou is a poet of Kunshan Schools in the post Ming Dynasty .His whole life is very hard and likes writing poems .He is also one of forty talents called by Wang Shizhen , who follows old poetic creative principles .Most of his poems are various in styles and rich in meanings .Deep homesick and under-standing towards life are showed in his poems .%王伯稠是明代中后期昆山诗人,一生经历坎坷,尤喜为诗,创作颇丰。作为备受王世贞盛赞的“四十子”之一,诗人严格践行复古派重格调的诗歌创作原则。王伯稠诗作数量多且诗体丰富,尤其擅长乐府古诗与绝句,其诗或清空闲远,豪逸潇洒,或悲怆委婉,富有深意。常用诗句寄托其对故乡的深厚情感,对人生际遇的深刻体会,读之令人感喟不已。

  9. 超越伟大故事:中国报刊史中的王韬书写%Beyond the Great Story:Wang Tao in Chinese Press History

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周叶飞

    2011-01-01

    既往的王韬报刊思想研究,多沿着线性的“民族国家”叙述框架,以致出现了神话化的倾向,而本文通过对中国报刊史中的王韬书写进行反叙述,试图重新聚拢传统王韬研究模式下所散失之意义,从而超越史学家所塑造的“伟大故事”。%Previous researches on Wang Tao's press thought were mainly caught up in the linear narrative frame of Nation State that led to the inclination of mystification. However, this paper, by adopting a counter narrative against traditional rendition of Wang Tao in Chinese press history, tries to rediscover the hidden significance overshadowed by these former frame of research and to think beyond the great story established by the historians.

  10. 王宝亮教授治疗重症肌无力验案三则%Treating 3 cases of myasthenia gravis by Professor WANG Bao-liang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文凯华; 牛跃辉; 王宝亮

    2012-01-01

      Professor WANG Bao-liang is a famous doctor of Chinese medicine, clinical experience of 30 years, good at using the integrative medicine to treat cerebrovascular disease, motor neuron disease and multiple sclerosis. In recent years, he focused on the clinical study of myasthenia gravis, notable curative effect. The teacher Wang in the clinical treatment of three cases of myasthenia gravis was summarized.%  王宝亮教授,一位名中医,临证30余载,擅长中西医结合治疗脑血管病、运动神经元病、多发性硬化。近年来专注于重症肌无力的临床研究,疗效显著。兹将王师在临床中治疗重症肌无力之验案三则进行了总结。

  11. 浅析汪野亭瓷板画艺术的风格特征%An Analysis of the Artistic Style of Wang Yeting’s Porcelain Plate Paintings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏斯翔

    2013-01-01

    汪野亭是民国时期景德镇瓷绘画派“珠山八友”中的重要成员之一,其瓷板画作品以山水画见长。在“师古”与“师造化”的传统画理以及其阅历学识的影响下,汪野亭的艺术创作生涯可以分为早中晚三个阶段,各个阶段均呈现出不同的风格特征。其瓷板画作品作为瓷器和绘画两种艺术门类的结合体,交融着不同艺术的文化特质,体现出独特的风格韵致。%Wang Yeting is an important member of the“Zhushan Eight Friends"well-known in the field of Jingdezhen porcelain plate painting in the period of the Republic of China. He was good at landscape painting. Under the influence of the traditional painting theory “learn from the ancients or environment” and colorful experience and education, Wang Yeting's artistic creation can be divided into three stages, and each stage shows different characteristics of the style. With porcelain and painting combined, the porcelain plate painting has its own specific artistic style with different cultural characteristics.

  12. The Landscape Artistic Conception of Wang Wei’s“Landscape of Wangchuan Val ey”%简论王维《辋川图》的园林意境

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨箫凝; 白东红

    2016-01-01

    Chinese landscape painting along with the creation of classical garden landscape is the carrier that literati abandon themselves to nature.Wang Wei’s landscape paintings and poetries are typical representatives of this age. Landscape of Wangchuan valley is an important representative works of Wang Wei, in which he paints artistic conception in the layout of the garden and landscape, making“Garden as painting, painting as scene”Chinese traditional gardening art.%中国山水画和古典园林的创作是文人士大夫寄情山水、孕育灵感的现实载体,而王维的山水画、山水诗及辋川别业就是这个时代典型代表。《辋川图》是王维的重要代表作品,他将绘画所描写的意境融入于园林的布局与造景之中,使得“以画入园,因画成景”的园林画境成为我国造园艺术的传统。

  13. An Incomplete Survey of Wang Yao's and Chen Pingyuan's Academic Research%沿着鲁迅的道路--对王瑶与陈平原之学术研究的不完全考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘克敌

    2015-01-01

    In the inheritance and development of Lu Xun's academic research achievements, Wang Yao and Chen Pingyuan are prominent representatives, for the studies on the setup of the modern Chinese academic system initiated by Wang Yao and carried forward by Chen Pingyuan has once exerted a greater influence on relevant re-searches in the late 20th century. In Scholars' Lives in Medieval Times can be discerned not only Lu Xun's impact on Wang Yao regarding Lu Xun's idea of the literary creation and viewpoints of scholars in Wei and Jin dynasties but also Wang Yao's expansion and innovation on the basis of relevant studies on Lu Xun. In the wake of Wang Yao, Chen Pingyuan has studied the history of the 20th-century Chinese novels and surveyed the modern academic history, thus having shown his strong consciousness of the academic history and his perspective as a historian. Mo-reover, based on his inheritance of Lu Xun's view on writing the literary history, Chen Pingyuan has proposed his own theoretical supposition on writing the modern literary history and has made some beneficial attempt. Chen will, in time, have more success in this aspect.%在承继和发展鲁迅的学术研究成果方面,王瑶和陈平原师生二人是较为突出的代表,由王瑶首倡并由陈平原继之的有关中国现代学术体系建立的研究,曾对20世纪末的相关研究产生了较大影响。在《中古文人生活》中,不仅可见王瑶所受鲁迅有关魏晋文人创作及思想观点的影响,更可发见王瑶在鲁迅相关研究基础上的拓展与创新。王瑶之后,陈平原所作有关20世纪中国小说史的研究以及关于现代学术史的考察等,都显示出其较强的学术史意识和史家眼光,他本人也在承继鲁迅的文学史撰写理念基础上,对现代的文学史书写提出了自己的理论构想并作出有益的尝试。假以时日,他当能在这方面有更大的成就。

  14. On View of Ritual and Political Concordance of Wang Fu-zhi and Its Possibility%王夫之之礼与政治和合相契何以可能

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李相勋

    2016-01-01

    王夫之作为明末清初有责任担当的大儒,他一生疲于奔波,政治和合是其毕生追求的理想与目标。王夫之毕生追求着和合政治梦,其基本路径为以礼坊民、以礼治政。王夫之认为礼与政治和合存在着内在的契合点。因为从和合之器上来说,礼乃治国之公器垂之后世,人修明于上而下皆则之。从和合之路来说,礼教正俗,因为礼先于刑则所为易从而能化。从和合之境来说,执政必以礼,礼宜政立而无不宜和。故此,礼与政治和合相契合。%Wang Fu-Zhi,as a great Confucianist with responsibility in the late Ming and early Qing dynasties,was busy run-ning around all his life and political concordance was his lifelong pursuit of ideals and goals.Wang Fu-zhi has pursued lifelong for the dream of political concordance and its basic path is to visit people with ritual and govern the country with ritual.Wang Fu-Zhi thought that there is a meeting point between the ritual and the political concordance.Because from the perspective of concordance,the ritual is the best approach to govern a country and the lower people will follow and imitate the upper people. From the perspective of concord road,the ethical codes may correct vulgar and because the ethical codes is prior to the punish-ment and easy to be accepted.From the perspective of the circumstance of concordance,the governing should have ethical codes,there is ritual there is harmony.Therefore,the ritual agreed with the political concordance.

  15. 论王宗炎先生对当代中国翻译学的贡献--纪念王宗炎先生100周年诞辰%On Wang Zongyan’s Monumental Contributions to Contemporary Chinese Translation Studies:In Memory of the 100th Birthday of Wang Zongyan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王东风; 李红满

    2013-01-01

    已故的王宗炎先生是我国著名的语言学家之一,同时也是我国外语界老一辈优秀的翻译家,在中国翻译研究领域有不少启发性的独到创见。然而,国内学术界似乎更多地关注王宗炎先生在语言学方面的成就,而他的翻译实践及译学理论建树却一直没能得到足够的重视,鲜有人知道他在中国翻译研究领域上曾做出过杰出的贡献,他在当代中国翻译研究的范式转向(包括语言学转向、文化转向、历史转向、机辅翻译转向)中起到了非常关键的作用,堪称当代中国翻译学的开拓者和奠基者之一。鉴此,本文拟对王宗炎先生对当代中国翻译学的重要贡献和成就进行的梳理和研究,突显其在建构我国当代翻译学现代化进程中的勤奋开拓精神,确认其在当代中国翻译史上的重要地位。%The late Professor Wang Zongyan was not only a renowned linguist in China, but also an outstanding translator and translation theorist. However, it seems that Chinese academia gives more credit to his achievements in linguistics than his contributions to translation practice and theory, let alone his leading role in initiating paradigm turns (including linguistic turn, cultural turn, historical turn, and computer-aided translation turn) in contemporary Chinese translation studies. This paper aims to elaborate on his great contributions in this regard, highlighting his diligence and pioneering spirit in modernizing Chinese translation research, and recognizing his important role in contemporary Chinese translation history.

  16. 王自立主任医师运用黄连阿胶汤验案举隅%WANG Zi-li ChiefPhysician of Clinical Use ofHuangLian E.JiaoTang Examples

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王煜; 张丽君; 张竹君

    2011-01-01

    通过王自立主任医师运用黄连阿胶汤治疗眩晕(高血压)、癫证(精神分裂症)及失眠(更年期综合征)的临证验案举隅,说明该方具有育阴清热、交通心肾之功用,对心肾不交证疗效显著.%Through analyzing examples of clinical cases of WANG Zi-li chief physician treating vertigo(hypertension), epilepsy(schizophrenia) and insomnia(menopause) using HuangLian EJiaoTang,we concluded that theformulas of Chinese medicine could culture Yin and clear heat,dredge heart and kidney function,and the clinical effect.was significant on disorder ofheart and kidney function.

  17. Retraction: "Activated K-Ras and INK4a/Arf Deficiency Promote Aggressiveness of Pancreatic Cancer by Induction of EMT Consistent With Cancer Stem Cell Phenotype" by Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    The above article, published online on November 23, 2012 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figure 4B and C to be inappropriately manipulated and re-labeled. Literature Cited Wang Z, Ali S, Banerjee S, Bao B, Li Y, Azmi AS, Korc M, Sarkar FH. 2013. Activated K-Ras and INK4a/Arf deficiency promote aggressiveness of pancreatic cancer by induction of EMT consistent with cancer stem cell phenotype. J Cell Physiol 228:556-562; doi: 10.1002/jcp.24162.

  18. Retraction: "Down-regulation of Notch-1 is associated with Akt and FoxM1 in inducing cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells" by Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on July 23, 2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figures 1B and 3A to be inappropriately manipulated. REFERENCE Wang Z, Li Y, Ahmad A, Banerjee S, Azmi AS, Kong D, Wojewoda C, Miele L, Sarkar FH. 2011. Down-regulation of Notch-1 is associated with Akt and FoxM1 in inducing cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in prostate cancer cells. J Cell Biochem 112:78-88; doi: 10.1002/jcb.22770.

  19. Retraction: "Down-regulation of Notch-1 and Jagged-1 inhibits prostate cancer cell growth, migration and invasion, and induces apoptosis via inactivation of Akt, mTOR, and NF-κB signaling pathways" by Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-01

    The above article, published online on January 5, 2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the journal Editor in Chief, Gary S. Stein, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed following an investigation from Wayne State University involving the first author and the corresponding author that found Figure 5A to be inappropriately manipulated. REFERENCE Wang Z, Li Y, Banerjee S, Kong D, Ahmad A, Nogueira V, Hay N, Sarkar FH. 2010. Down-regulation of Notch-1 and Jagged-1 inhibits prostate cancer cell growth, migration and invasion, and induces apoptosis via inactivation of Akt, mTOR, and NF-κB signaling pathways. J Cell Biochem 109:726-736; doi: 10.1002/jcb.22451.

  20. 王旭教授中医药治疗桥本甲状腺炎的用药总结%Experience of Professor WANG Xu inTreating Hashimoto's Thyroiditis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵澜

    2016-01-01

    Professor wang has accumulated rich theory of traditional Chinese medicine experience on the treatment of endocrine metabolic disease during long-term application, especially in the treatment of hashimoto's thyroiditis.The experience of treating hashimoto's thyroiditis were summarized with cases.%王旭教授在长期应用中医药理论治疗内分泌代谢性疾病中积累了丰富的经验,尤其在治疗桥本甲状腺炎方面取得了良好疗效,有独到见解,现特将经验总结如下,并附验案举隅。

  1. Intertextuality and Undertranslation in Wang Rongpei's Allusion Translation in The Peony Pavilion%互文性与汪榕培《牡丹亭》英译本中典故的欠额翻译

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李学欣

    2010-01-01

    The thesis analysizes the problem of undertranslation in Wang Rongpei's allusion translation in The Peony Pavilion from the view of intertextuality. It emphasizes allusion translation should keep an optimum balance between the conveyance of culture information and the target readers' acceptability under the guidance of the intertextual theory.%本文从互文性角度分析了汪榕培英译本中典故英译存在的欠额翻译问题,进而强调典故的翻译应在互文理论的指导下,既要注重文化信息的传达,又要观照译语读者的接受能力,力图在两者之间达到最佳平衡.

  2. Del Parque de la Sabiduría del emperador Wen-Wang a la conservación de la biodiversidad en los jardines zoológicos

    OpenAIRE

    Morrone, Juan José

    1995-01-01

    Mil años antes de nuestra era, el emperador chino Wen-Wang hizo construir un “parque de la sabiduría”, donde en una extensión de 900 acres exhibía rinocerontes, tigres, ciervos, antílopes, aves y serpientes. Dos mil trescientos años más tarde, el emperador mogol Kublai-Khan continuó con la tradición de construir jardines zoológicos. Marco Polo, el viajero veneciano que habría de “descubrir” el Imperio Chino para los occidentales, estudió las especies animales del jardín zoológico que el Khan ...

  3. 基于粒子群优化的WM模糊系统用于操作员功能状态建模%Wang-Mendel Method Based Operator Functional State Modeling

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李磊磊; 张建华; 杨少增

    2014-01-01

    在高安全性要求的复杂人机系统中,为了保证系统安全运行,需要对操作员功能状态(Operator Functional State,OFS)进行有效的监测和评估,以防止因操作员状态失效而产生的事故.本文使用基于粒子群优化(Particle Swarm Optimization,PSO)的Wang-Mendel (WM)方法建立起操作员电生理信号与OFS之间的模糊模型,对采用两种不同的规则提取策略的建模结果比较表明,本文使用的混合规则提取策略可以对OFS进行更有效的评估.

  4. 论戴望舒对中国新诗文体的贡献%On Dai Wang-shu's contribution to the new poetic style of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晋彪

    2012-01-01

    The research on the Chinese new poetic style is important.Dai Wang-shu,a poet who had opened a new poetic style,made great contribution to the Chinese new poetic style with his pursuit and rebellion of musicality,and fusion of symbolism and creation of blank verse.%中国新诗文体研究具有重要意义,作为新诗史上开一代诗风的戴望舒,以其对音乐性的追求与反叛、对象征主义的融汇及无韵自由体诗的开创对中国新诗文体做出了重要贡献。

  5. 王暴魁教授寒热并用治疗急性咽痛1例%Experience in treating acute sore throat of professor WANG Bao-kui by using both of cold and heat therapy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢璇

    2012-01-01

    咽痛是临床常见症状之一,文章通过1例急性咽痛医案,具体分析王暴魁教授以麻黄附子细辛汤寒热并用治疗本病的辨证思路,详辨其常选用半夏、牡蛎等遣方用药的特点,丰富临床急性咽痛的辨证治疗思路.%Sore throat is a common clinical symptom. This article detailed analysed the therapy of using both cold and heat by Mahuangfuzixixin Decoction to treat acute sore throat with one specific case discussion, and professor WANG Bao-kui's experience in traditional Chinese medicine usage as Banxia, Muli, and so on. From the analysis, the treatment methodology of acute sore throat could be refined.

  6. Cross-Strait Questioning and Retrospecting A Dialogue between CUI Kai and Weijen WANG%两岸·追问·回溯 崔愷/王维仁对谈

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔愷; 王维仁; 邓小骅(采编)

    2012-01-01

    The article is the dialogue between Cui Ka architects respectively from Ma Their dialogue reflects the an edited transcript of and Weijen Wang, two nland China and Taiwan. cross-strait differencesin times, architectural education and thinking, and attempts to present the development of the last three decades in architecture on both sides of the Taiwan Strait and their impact on individual architects.%文章记录了分别来自大陆和台湾的两位建筑师——崔愷与王维仁的对谈内容,对话反映出两岸在时代发展、建筑教育及建筑思想等方面的不同状况,并试图以此呈现两岸30年以来建筑发展的脉络以及对建筑师个体的影响。

  7. 追溯王安忆作品中悲剧宿命的起源%On Origin of Tragedy Fate of People Described in Wang Anyi’ s Writings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高嵩颍

    2014-01-01

    The fate of the characters described in the Everlasting Regret written by Wang Anyi is the same as that in the Xi-aobaozhuang.It seems the fate of sin and atonement on the surface witch covers up the rule of morel violence .%在王安忆的作品《长恨歌》和《小鲍庄》中,主人公的命运同样是悲剧。从表面上看,这种悲剧是原罪与赎罪的宿命,然而实际上在宿命的表面下却掩藏着道德暴力的统治。

  8. Rootless Anxiety in Bewilderment-On Wang Xiaoshuai’ s “Third-tier” Complex%茫然失措中的无根焦虑--论王小帅的“三线”情结

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小雨

    2016-01-01

    Wang Xiaoshuai has always been enthusiastic about historical writing of individual memo -ries, from Shanghai Dreams in 2005 , 11 Flowers in 2014 to Red Amnesia that sparked controversy , the autobiographic style of which intensifies the similarity of these three movies .Their narrative re-sources and creative inspirations all come from his life experience in “third-tier” cities in the early years without exception .Those three movies have brought us in that unknown period of time from the perspective of juvenile , youth and old age respectively .In rootless anxiety of losing hometown , Wang Xiaoshuai tried to pursue the sense of belonging through three films and unfold that dust -laden history in front of the audience .%王小帅的电影总是热衷于个人记忆的历史书写,从2005年的《青红》、2014年的《我11》到引发争议的《闯入者》,其明显的自传色彩更是强化了三部电影的相似性。其叙事资源和创作灵感无不来自他早年的“三线”生活经验,三部电影分别从少年、青年和老年的视角将我们引入那段不为人知的年代里。在失去故乡的无根焦虑中,王小帅试图用三部电影追寻自己的归属感,将那段尘封的历史展现在观众面前。

  9. 论王阳明致良知学与萨特现象学还原的相似点%On the Similarity between Getting to the Consciousness by Wang Yangming and Phenomenological Reduction by Jean-Paul Sartre

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王路平

    2015-01-01

    从现象学还原的层面比较了王阳明心学与萨特存在主义现象学,分析了阳明“真己”与萨特“自为”的相似点,阳明“人心遮蔽”与萨特“意识物化”的相似点,以及阳明“致良知”与萨特“现象学还原”的相似点,认为阳明心学与现代西方存在主义现象学之间可以相互诠释,从而使王阳明心学与现代西方存在主义哲学在精神上找到对话之点。%This article makes a comparison between Wang Yangming’s mind study and Sarter’s existential-ism from the reduction side.It analyzes the similarity between Yangming’s“real me”and Sartrt’s“being for it-self”,between Wang’s shade of heart and Sarter’s materialization,and between Wang’s“getting to conscious-ness”and Sartre’s“phenomenological reduction”.The writer points out that Yangming’s mind study can be an-notated with the phenomenological science of modern west existentialism,so as to establish a forum on which Wang Yangming’mind study can communicate in spirit with Western modern existentialism.

  10. Wang Guowei and the Modern Paradigm of Chinese Literary Theory and Criticism%王国维与中国文学理论批评的现代范式

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王中原

    2015-01-01

    The term paradigm which used by Kuhn in the field of science history study can be lent in the modern transformation of Chinese literary theory.The borrowing concept properly describes the innovatory nature of modern Chinese literary theory which contrasted with classical literary theory.The connotation of paradigm has a dimension of exemplary representation.For Chinese modern literary theory,its exemplary paradigm is reflected in the practice of literary criticism of Wang Guowei.Wang Guowei’s practice of literary criticism give expression to the new literary ideas,new methods of literary criticism and research and new critical theory terms,which portrayed the Chinese literary modernity character from the perspective of the para-digm.%库恩在科学史领域使用的范式一词,能够被转借于中国文论的现代转型,这个概念的转借恰当地描述了中国现代文论相对于古典文论的革新性本质。范式的内涵中有示例性的再现这一含义,对于中国现代文论来说,其例示性的范例体现在王国维的文学批评实践上。王国维的文学批评实践所体现出的新的文学观念、新的文学批评和研究方法、新的批评理论术语,从范式的角度刻画了中国文论的现代性品格。

  11. On Philosophy of Mind Proposed by WangYangming From the Perspective of Unity of Knowing and Doing%从“知行合一”看王阳明的心学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张一峻

    2012-01-01

    作为心学的重要代表人物,王阳明上乘陆氏兄弟“心即理”的先验论,同时提出了“知行合一”的方法论。对心学以及儒学来说都是重要的发展。知与行历来是中国古代哲学所讨论的焦点,是哲学及道德的重要组成部分。“知行合一”论认为求知与实践应同时进行,直接反对朱子学派“先知后行”之说,在宋代后再次提出与理学截然不同的方法论,与“心即理…‘致良知”共同构成了阳明学派思想体系基础。%WangYangming absorbed the theory of transcendentalism and put forward the theory of " unity of knowing and doing " , which is development of the philosophy of mind and Confucius theory. How to obtain knowledge and to carry on practice is always an essential problem of ancient Chinese philosophy and it is also the important part of philosophy and ethic. The unity of knowing and doing , which is directly against the theory of Zhu Xi' s "action after obtaining knowledge" theory Wang put forward this distinct theory during the Song Dynasty.

  12. 王小波与乔治·奥威尔的反面乌托邦写作%Discussions on Wang Xiaobo and George Orwell's Writing of Dystopia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张俊美

    2012-01-01

    George Orwell's is a well-known British political satire novelist.Orwell is well-known because he is opposed to totalitarianism and pursuit of freedom.His masterpiece 1984 and Animal Farm are world famous Dystopian novel.Wang xiaobo is a distinctive Chinese liberal writer,who was great affected by Orwell,such as the pursuit of freedom and rationality,the imagination and black humor in his novel.However,they are different in the artistic pursuit.Wang Xiaobo develop Orwell's dystopia writing model and pursuit of romantic,poetic and varied art form in his novel,which formed his unique style.%乔治·奥威尔是英国著名的政治讽刺小说家,他以反对极权主义和追求自由著称,其代表作《1984》和《动物农场》是两部享誉国际的反乌托邦小说。奥威尔对中国90年代自由主义作家王小波有重大影响,影响主要体现在对于理性和自由的追求及其文本中对于想象和黑色幽默的运用等方面。但二者的艺术追求也存在很大差异,王小波发展了奥威尔的反面乌托邦写作模式,并追求诗意浪漫和繁复多变的小说艺术形式,形成了自己的独特风格。

  13. 皮格马利翁效应与王阳明诗歌圣贤情结探赜%The Pygmalion Effect with Complex Agent Ze Wang Yangming Poetry Sage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚明明

    2015-01-01

    The Pygmalion effect shows that psychological expectation has great influences and impications on human growth and sucess.Grandmother Cen’s dream,formed a powerful psychological hint and positive expectations atmosphere,this field can catalyze the formation of Wang Yangming and sage complex personality,a profound influence on their creative psychology, into the poetry sages feelings and artistic conception:As a teenager,Wang Yangming’s poems,has unconsciously revealed his saints;at the age of 12 year old,he determined to study saints,and it marked the awakening of the sage complex;37 years old,he experienced the enlightenment of “dragon”field,and he has firmly choose the Confucian road as his lifelong pursuit.%皮格马利翁效应认为,心理期待和暗示对人的成长具有巨大的影响。王阳明出生时祖母岑老夫人的梦境,形成了强大的心理暗示和积极的期望氛围,这种场能催化并形成王阳明圣贤情结的人格心理,对其创作心理影响深远,并外化为诗歌里的圣贤情怀:王阳明少年时期的诗作,已不自觉流露出圣贤气质;12岁立志学圣贤,标志着他圣贤情结的觉醒;37岁经历“龙场悟道”后,他从此坚定地选择儒家圣贤道路作为自己毕生的追求。

  14. 醒客王蒙——论读三卷本王蒙自传兼及其小说%WANG Meng as a Thinker: On His Three-volume Autobiography and Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海燕

    2012-01-01

    WANG Meng and politics are closely bound together. Going deeply into the society and being fond of vatiedness, he reflects on the intelligentsia's character in the era of the May Fourth Movement, the fate of men in political distress, politics of the officialdom, and the songs of those returning in the 70s. He ponders on the responsibilities of literature, absorbed in reforming novel's forms. He challenges and enriches realism with his impure realism. His unique parallel sentences have revolutionary signifi- cance. As a thinker, WANG Meng interprets the thinking and his autobiography is the sublimation of the process.%王蒙与政治的关系如胶似漆:他入世极深,钟爱杂色,透彻反思五四时代知识分子性格、政治落难者命运、官场政治和70年代末"归来者"的歌;他思考文学的担当,热衷小说的形式变革,他以不纯粹的现代主义,挑战又丰富了现实主义,他的"王式大排比句"独具语言革命的意义。王蒙是一名"醒客"(thinker),他以作品诠释了"醒"的过程。王蒙自传是"醒"的升华。

  15. 论王夫之杂剧《龙舟会》的“尚奇”特征%The Curious Character of Wang Fuzhi's Zaju Opera Dragon Boat Competi tion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    In the Chinese classical literature,"curious"has a long tradition.During the Ming and the Qing dynasties , many dramatists practiced this concept.Wang Fuzhi,as a famous Confucianism, his only zaju opera, Dragon Boat Competition,which was used to express his life ideal , also fully embodied the curious character , show-ing the aesthetic consciousness of common people in the Ming and the Qing dynasties .Wang Fuzhi 's learning made the story and image character of the zaju opera more attractive , which added a glorious part to the history of Chinese opera.%  在中国古代文学作品中,“尚奇”的传统由来已久。明清之际“尚奇”之风更盛,许多戏曲家的创作都践行着这一理念。作为明末清初的儒学大家,王夫之唯一的杂剧作品《龙舟会》,既寄托了自己的人生理想,也充分体现了“尚奇”的因素,展现出明清之际人们普遍的审美意识。而王夫之的学识又使《龙舟会》的剧情和人物形象独具魅力,为中国戏曲史增添了光辉的一笔。

  16. 从船山历史哲学的视角解读毛泽东的实践论%Interpretation of Mao Zedong' s Practice Theory from the Perspective of Wang Chuanshan' s Historical Philosophy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭凤莲; 刘洋

    2011-01-01

    毛泽东的《实践论》是中国哲学史上认识论发展的一座里程碑,它在批判继承和发展传统哲学观的基础上,印上了船山历史哲学特点的烙印,比如:社会本体论、社会交易论和实践理性论等。同时,毛泽东早年理想人格的形成与船山历史哲学也有一定的渊源。这对于研究毛泽东“实践论”在中国革命实践和具体工作方法、领导方法中的运用具有重要的意义和作用。%Mao Zedong' s theory of practice is a milestone of the development of epistemology in Chinese history of philosophy. Based on its critical inheritance and carrying forward of the traditional philosophy, it also imprints the characteristics of Wang Chuanshan' s historical philosophy, such as the social ontology, social exchange theory and practical rationalism. There is also certain origin relation between the formation of Mao Zedong' s early ideal personality and Wang Chuanshan' s historical philosophy. The application of Mao Zedong' s practice theory is of vital importance in Chinese revolution and adopting the specific methods.

  17. 船山学术路径:楚文化诗性视域中的儒家理性批判%On Wang Chuanshan's Academic Path:Confucian Rational Criticism from the Perspective of Poems of Chu Culture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    萧晓阳

    2015-01-01

    Wang Chuanshan's study was originated from the six classics and it had deep Chu style by criticizing Song and Ming and running through hundreds of doctrines.The nature of its studies belonged to practice.Chuanshan's study was originated from the six classics and its original was Yi Zhuan with Chu style and Zhuan and Sao with rational deduction,while inherited from the theory of Hu Hong.Yi Zhuan did not stand on learning about the eight trigrams in book of changes and it had open-minded thought by closing to Zhuan and Sao.The study was upgraded from theory to practice.Wang Chuanshan's academic was deeply influenced by Chu style and his academic was a rational reasoning system which was established on the poetic feel-ings.This reflected his rational criticism to the traditional Confucianism by poetic vision of Chu culture.%船山之学本原六经圣奥以批判宋明,贯通百家之说而深契楚风,究心性理之学而归于践履。船山为学上溯六经,本原«易传»;濡染楚风,雅好«庄»、«骚»;推演性理,而传承胡宏之论。述«易传»不拘于象数之末,近«庄»、«骚»得其闳通之思,由理气论上达践履之学。可见船山学术深受楚风濡染,是建立在诗性感悟之上的理性思辨体系,体现了王船山以楚文化之诗性眼光对传统儒学的理性批判。

  18. 王琦教授从湿热体质论治痤疮的理论探析%Theoretical investigation of professer WANG Qi treating acne based on the damp-heat constitution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞若熙; 倪诚; 王琦

    2012-01-01

    Based on the theory of "constitution can be divided","body disease-related"and"physical adjustable" of Professor WANG Qi, the pathogenesis of acne and damp-heat constitution closely related, the clinical manifestations of acne accord with damp-heat constitution features ,the pathogenesis of acne based on hot-humid constitution and manifested by poison,stasis and phlegm together, and claims the point of view that treating acne should be from the damp-heat constitution. This paper based on the clinical characteristics, etiloogy and pathogenesis of acne, take the clinical case of professor WANG Qi in treating acne by clearing heat and exerting dampness intervention for damp-heat constitution type, for example, to show the superiority of treating acne based on body constitution and the guiding significance to clinical.%基于王琦教授“体质可分”、“体病相关”、“体质可调”的体质理论,痤疮的发病与湿热体质密切相关,痤疮的临床表现符合湿热体质特征,痤疮的病机要点以湿热体质为本,毒瘀痰结为标,主张从湿热体质论治痤疮.文章在分析痤疮的临床特征、发病的病因病机与湿热体质相关性的基础上,佐以王琦教授从清热利湿干预湿热体质论治痤疮的病例加以说明,从而显示出辨体论治在治疗痤疮中的临床优越性和指导意义.

  19. 百年国博的回顾与展望——王宏钧先生访谈%Retrospect and Prospect on the Centennial of the National Museum of China: An Interview with Mr. Wang Hongjun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李万万

    2012-01-01

    Mr. Wang Hongjun used to assume the role as the Communist Party secretary and deputy director of the National Museum of China (NMC). This interview centers on "100-year development of the NMC", and covers the founding of Preparatory Office of the National Museum after the Revolution of 1911 and establishment of its system, the perfection of History Museum regulations upon the founding of the People' s Republic of China, revisions on the exhibition General Chinese History and the development of the museum' s other fields of business. Mr. Wang Hongjun also talks about significant intellectual wealth accumulated during the 100 years of the NMC and furthermore expresses his expectation for the museum undertakings.%王宏钧先生曾任中国历史博物馆党委书记、副馆长。此次访谈主要围绕“国博百年发展”这条线索,内容涉及辛亥革命之后国立历史博物馆筹备处的创设与建馆概况、解放初期历史博物馆的改革、1958年-1959年“中国通史陈列”的筹建和以后的数次修改,以及其他业务的重要发展等;最后,王宏钧先生从自己的角度谈了国家博物馆百年发展所留下的重要精神财富及对博物馆事业的期望。

  20. A Discussion of how Emperor Li Yu Was Highly- priced as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ by Wang Guowei%以“沈腰潘鬓”而“担荷罪恶”——王国维如何把李煜推高至“释迦”“基督”的地位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志华

    2012-01-01

    王国维《人间词话》对李煜作品的评价认为,李煜"俨有释迦、基督担荷人类罪恶之意"。对此学界解说纷纭。从王国维的学识背景、哲学思想及文学创作等进行分析可以了解,在对人生的追究与考索方面,王国维与李后主有相似之处,这是把李煜推高至"释迦""基督"的教主地位的原因。%Wang guowei highly priced Li Yu, the emperor of Tang dynasty, as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ in his book Ren Jian Ci Hua. However, there are various reviews and contentions on this comment. From Wang Guowei' s academic background, philosophical thinking and literature writing, it can be concluded that Wang Guowei and Li Yu had some thing in common in life pursuing and exploring, which explains why Wang Guowei highly priced Emperor Li Yu as Sakyamuni or Jesus Christ.

  1. Faith in Troubled Times and Ci-poetry Creation:On Wang Dong’s Ci-poetry Thought and Its Impact on Shen Zufen%世乱中的文化坚守与词体创作--论汪东词学思想及其对沈祖棻的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄阿莎

    2016-01-01

    《涉江词稿序》是汪东存世作品中少见的词集序言。在该序言中,汪东根据时代环境的变化,以“三变”解读沈祖棻的词作与词风。这种解读方式透露出汪东的词学思想,结合汪东的其他词学文章,可见出汪东词学思想的内涵与时代意义。由此既可理解汪东词学思想对沈祖棻的深刻影响,也可探讨民国时期历史现实、政治与文学批评、创作的互动。%The preface to She Jiang Ci Gao is a rare preface among Wang Dong’s works. In this preface, Wang Dong uses “Three Changes” to interpret the content and style of Shen Zufen’s ci–poetry according to time changes and environmental changes. This way of interpretation revealed Wang Dong’s cipoetry thought. In the light of his other articles about ci–poetry, we can grasp the connotation and signiifcance of Wang Dong’s ci–poetry theory. Through this way, we can not only understand Wang Dong’s impact on Shen Zufen in ci–poetry ifeld, but also explore the interaction between historical reality, and politics and literary criticism and literary creation during the period of the Republic of China.

  2. 文化寓言的转型与承续--论王安忆《长恨歌》与《天香》的美学嬗变%Transformation and Inheritance of Cultural Allegories-Aesthetic Transmutation about Wang An-yi's Chang Hen Ge and Tian Xiang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红英

    2013-01-01

    Shanghai Spirit was one of the themes of Wang An-yi's novels, and she presented different forms in different ages. Chang Hen Ge and Tian Xiang backdated the spirit of Shanghai culture, showing the vertical inheritance and transmutation of Wang An-yi's creation. Wang Qi-yao in Chang Hen Ge was a symbol of elegant and exquisite culture in Shanghai City Spirit, while Tian Xiang depic-ted several generations of folk artists' pursuit on exquisite embroider, having the gracious quality with art and poetry. Whether the in-dividual charming pose by Wang Qi-yao, or the collective potentials from those folk artists focused Wang An-yi's critical reflection on the old and new Shanghai culture.%上海精神是王安忆小说的主题之一,她在不同的时代寓之以不同的形式。《长恨歌》与《天香》以不同的审美方式回溯了上海文化的精神气象,显示了王安忆创作的纵向承续与转型变异。《长恨歌》中的王琦瑶是上海城市精神中优雅精致文化的象征,《天香》则描摹了几代天香园人对刺绣的精湛追求,成就了艺魂诗心的高贵品质。不论是王琦瑶个体式的娇艳姿态,还是天香园人集体式的群芳潜质,都凝结了王安忆对新旧上海文化的批判性反思。

  3. The Inner Convergence of Tung Chung-shu and Wang Chung's Heaven Theory%论董仲舒、王充天论思想的内在趋同

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王先亮

    2011-01-01

    "天"是中国哲学的核心概念之一,早期对"天"的理解主要集中在神灵、道德、自然之天三个层面。董仲舒视"天"为"百神之君",肯定"天"的至上神地位;王充提出"天者百神主也",视"天"为众神主宰。二者共同认定神灵之天相对于天地间一切的主宰地位。董仲舒认为人在受命于天的同时也从"天"那里获得仁德,现实政治层面的有关制度设计也取之于天;王充认为道德仁义是天道应有之义,人应戒慎恐惧、依仁义道德行事。他们共同肯定了道德之天的合理存在,并以此为人间政治、道德秩序的确立奠定坚实的基础。董仲舒认为自然运动具体展开为阴阳、四时、五行之气的流行,自然意义上天道的实际内容展现为阴阳、四时、五行的规律变化;王充认为"气"是天地的存在形态,天道运行亦即气化流行自然无为,风雨雷电等现象是阴阳之气自然流行的结果。二者对自然之天的观察共同着眼于阴阳气的大化流行。%Heaven is one of the core concepts of Chinese philosophy.The early understanding about heaven is mainly concentrated on three levels: God,moral and nature.Tung Chung-shu took heaven as the king of all Gods,and said that heaven is in the position of the supreme god.Wang Chung proposed that "heaven is the master of the Gods".Both of them believe the dominating position of God relative to every other thing in the nature;Tung Chung-shu thought that when human beings were ruled by God,they got kindheartedness from heaven,and the political system in reality was got from heaven too.Wang Chung thought morals and righteousness is embodied in the heaven itself,human should warn against fear,and act in accordance with morality.They affirmed commonly that moral exists reasonably,and then established a solid foundation for the political and moral order of the society;Tung Chung-shu thought natural movement

  4. 王昌龄为七绝创作发展作出的重要贡献%Wang Changlung′s Sugnufucant Contrubutuons to Development of Seven-character Quatrauns

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕士奎

    2014-01-01

    Seven-character quatrains originated comparatively late in history,which resulted in the un-noticeable influence as well as the limited quantity and narrow themes of such poems during the early Tang Dynasty.During the prime time of Tang,Wang Changling,who was senior in age but became a renowned poet early in his lifetime,led and advocated with great efforts the creation of seven-character quatrains,while the themes of the poems were greatly extended with Wang′s poetic works,which cover joining army,going abroad,reminiscing history,bidding farewell,hunting,feasting,worshi-ping Buddhism and Taoism,maiden longing for love,court maid expressing grievances and a wide va-riety of other topics.Moreover,Wang Changling′s seven-character quatrains set good examples and standards for his contemporaries and poets of later generations to learn and emulate,which further ex-tended the influence of seven-character quatrains.Therefore,Wang Changling,who is regarded as the“Master of Seven-character Quatrains”,made significant contributions to the development of this type of poetry and the establishment of its unique poetic position.%初唐时,七言绝句不仅数量较少,题材狭窄,而且在诗坛上的影响也很小。至盛唐时,年岁较长、诗名早著的王昌龄,不仅率先并大力创作七绝,而且在他的笔下七绝的题材也得到了大大拓展,举凡从军、出塞、怀古、赠别、狩猎、宴饮以及奉佛、崇道、闺思、宫怨等等,无不可用七绝来表现,扩大了七绝在诗坛的影响。不仅如此,王昌龄的七绝还具有示范效应和标杆作用,受到当世特别是后世作者的追模和学习,从而进一步扩大了七绝的影响。因此“七绝圣手”王昌龄,从题材的拓展、数量的增加、影响的扩大等诸方面,为七绝的创作发展作出了重要贡献。

  5. 汪绂《医林纂要探源》的整理研究%The Collecting and Studying of Wang Fu's "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王甜; 江凌圳

    2015-01-01

    [目的]对清代名家汪绂及著作《医林纂要探源》进行系统的整理研究。[方法]应用文献整理方法,对汪绂的生平、《医林纂要探源》版本进行考证,对其治学理念、学术思想进行研究评述。对《医林纂要探源》的作者、版本和主要内容进行了系统研究。[结果]汪绂为婺源段莘人,东南名儒,生平坎坷,并常识渊博,精通医药。虽未从医,但授学著书,读书细致,治学严谨,共撰写30多种书稿。《医林纂要探源》为其医学代表作,集诸家医书分类编辑而成,现存两个清刻本和一个清抄本,其中最早的是婺源和源单氏刻本,遗经堂藏板。全书以医源为先导,以中药、方剂为重心,而推《素》《灵》微言为纲领,循叙人体病变为正宗,对中医基础理论和疾病辨证论治作了全面而深刻的阐述[结论]对汪绂及其著作《医林纂要探源》系统的整理研究有重要的文献价值,汪绂细致严谨、引经据典、博采众长的治学理念和作风值得后世继承和发扬。%Objective]Collecting and studying Wang Fu and his book "YiLing CuanYao TanYuan" systematically. [Method]Literature research on Wang Fu's life and the versions of"YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", reviewing his concept of study and academic thoughts. [Result]Confucian Wang Fu wrote more than 30 manuscripts, his medical masterpiece“YiLing CuanYao TanYuan", existing versions of two Qing printed editions and one Qing transcript, guided by medical source, centered on traditional Chinese medicine and prescription, accounted for human disease, made a comprehensive and profound elaboration on the basic theory of TCM.The recipes and traditional Chinese medicine of this book have clinical significance . [Conclusion]The collecting and studying have important literature value. These are worthy of our future generations to inherit and carry forward.

  6. The Underlying Cause of Wang Anshi’s Poetry Style Change in His Later Years%王安石晚年诗风转变的内在原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庄国瑞; 陈金香

    2015-01-01

    The different styles of Wang Anshi in his anterior and latter stages of poetic creation have always been attracted attention in academic circles.Some scholars think that Wang Anshi shows the elegance,refinement and great skills in his early poetry works,and his later style is a natural outcome of following the early style.But some scholars think the changes of his later poetry works are associat-ed with his seclusion life and the research on the Buddhist scriptures.However,for his part,when he no longer functions as prime min-ister,and becomes a recluse,his sense of identity,main literary concern and mentality all have profound change.This leads to the fun-damental shift of his later poetical writing in the depth of feeling and the mode of thinking.Although there is an analogy between the early and late poetical writing style,the intrinsic charm of Wang Anshi’s later and early poems can not be mentioned in the same breath,and the outstanding achievement of his later poems cannot be reached only by long-term skills training.%王安石诗歌创作前后期风格变化一直是学界较为关注的问题,部分学者认为王安石前期诗歌中即有精工雅丽、重视技巧的特点,晚期风格为渐次累积所致;也有观点认为王安石晚年诗歌风格变化与他的隐居生活及佛理研习有关。而从王安石自身来说,晚年由政治舞台的主导者而成为隐居田园的出世人,在这个过程中随着作者身份的变化,其内在自我定位、创作关注焦点、心态情致均发生了深刻变化,由此导致了晚年诗歌在情感深度、思维方式方面发生了根本性的转变。虽然晚期诗歌的外在风貌似与早期有相类之处,但其内在韵致已不可同日而语,也非单纯依靠精深纯熟的技巧所能达到。

  7. 王坤根教授诊治慢性便秘规律的数据挖掘研究%Study on Professor Wang Kungen's Therapeutic Principles in Treating Chronic Constipation Based on Data Mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张弘; 叶姝均; 沈淑华

    2016-01-01

    [目的]利用数据挖掘技术探讨王坤根教授对慢性便秘的证治规律。[方法]建立王坤根教授2008年5月至2015年8月慢性便秘的门诊医案数据库,对数据规范化处理后进行频数分析、关联规则分析等数据挖掘研究。[结果]符合纳入、排除标准医案共207则,主要证型依次是胃肠积热证、肝郁脾虚证、阴液不足证和中气不足证,主要方剂依次是六磨汤、逍遥散、脾约丸和补中益气汤,方证间六磨汤与胃肠积热证、逍遥散与肝郁脾虚证、脾约丸与阴液不足证、补中益气汤与中气不足证存在较强的关联性,药对间生白术与大力子、生白术与生白芍、火麻仁与广木香、苍术与茯苓、桃仁与丹皮、莱菔子与枳壳存在较强关联性。[结论]慢性便秘的证型较为单一,泻热存津法、疏肝和胃法、健脾润肠法、补气行气法是王坤根治疗慢性便秘的主要治法。%Objective] To study Professor Wang Kungen's therapeutic principles in treating chronic constipation by data mining therapy. [Method]First, establish Wang Kungen's medical records database; then do data standardization and data mining. [Result]There are totally 207 cases that meet the demand. The major patterns of syndrome of CC in Professor Wang Kungen's medical records are as follows: gastrointestinal heat syndrome, stagnation of liver qi and spleen deficiency, Yin deficiency syndrome, Qi deficiency. The major prescriptions are as follows: Liumo Decoction, Xiao Yao San, Pi Yue Pill, Buzhong Yiqi decoction. There is close correlation between prescriptions and patterns as follows: gastrointestinal heat syndrome and Liumo Decoction; stagnation of liver qi and spleen deficiency and Xiao Yao San; Yin deficiency syndrome and Pi Yue Pill; Qi deficiency and Buzhong Yiqi decoction. There is close correlation between herbs as follows: rhizoma atractylodis macrocephalae and fructus arctii; rhizoma atractylodis macrocephalae

  8. 有学术的思想与有思想的学术——王元化的朴学治学精神%Wang Yuanhua's Lifelong Devotion to Plain Learning Through His Textual Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琦幸

    2012-01-01

    训诂考据是中国的传统学问,自晚清以来,形成了具有实证精神的文献学和考据学。这种朴学治学方法和精神影响了一代学者。但是,这种方法在20世纪40年代之后逐渐被抛弃,甚至受到批判,“以论带史”成为学术界普遍的方法;海外有学者也认为考据训诂不能提出重大原创性观点而轻视其用。王元化晚年对于这种粗疏的带有意识形态化的学风进行了批评,提倡“有学术的思想和有思想的学术”,在思想探索中运用具有学术性的研究和探讨,不拘于理论和体系的建立,并以自己的研究和反思而身体力行之,坚守“根柢无易其故,而裁断必出己意”。这种具有朴学特色的 治学方法,骨子里上承汉学,下接清季朴学。它既与王元化的学术训练有关,同时也与王元化对于如何继承中国传统的观念有关。这种治学方法,贯串于王元化的反思及学术研究之中,从而有助于形成具有王元化特色的思想史研究、思辨哲学、国家学说研究和古代文艺理论研究,在海内外得到广泛的肯定。%Wang Yuanhua' s allegedly greatest contribution to the present-day world of intellectual scholarship is his three bold attempts at critical reflection spanning the three different stages of his life. The benefits of such an endeavor will be compellingly proved as time progresses and its significance more fully revealed. This article is to recall how Wang, throughout his academic career, combined strict methods of seeking documental or anecdotal evidence with abstract speculation, showing due caution when agreeing or disagreeing upon anything in question. Wang was brave enough, indeed, to abandon his own favorite ideas even if they had already taken shape in his mind, after careful study and deep pondering, provided he was supported by abundant new data. This commitment to plain learning, stemming from mid-Qing interest

  9. A Study of Local Governance Practice from the View of Wang Shouren’s Mind Philosophy%王守仁心学视阈下的基层社会治理实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘聪

    2015-01-01

    Grass‐root social governance is a concrete reflection of effectively combining Wang Shouren ’s mind philosophy and social governance .In the long‐term political practice ,Wang and his pupils built grass‐root so‐cial governance system ,w hich ,based on and guided by mind theory ,includes such main forms as village regu‐lations ,family rules and lectures .The fundamental purpose of the system is to maintain the Confucian morality and orderly operation of the grass‐root community .And people from different social stratums can participate in local governance system so as to achieve the effective integration of mind theory and social governance .T here‐fore ,it is argued ,from the perspective of cultural heritage ,that the theory and practice of traditional Chinese national governance should be inherited and absorbed in order to construct modern governance system in China .%基层社会治理是王守仁心学理论与社会治理有效结合的具体体现。王守仁及其弟子在长期的政治实践中,构建起以心学理论为指导,以乡约、族规、讲学为主要形式,以维系儒家道德观念和基层社会有序运转为根本目的,社会各阶层成员共同参与的基层社会治理体系,从而实现了心学理论与社会治理的有效结合。在构建国家现代化治理体系的时代背景下,指出当代国家治理体系建设应重视继承和吸收中国传统国家治理的理论成果和实践经验。

  10. 汪机的"营卫虚实论"与"参芪双补说"%Wang ji's theory of 'Ying-Wei deficiency and excess' and 'Renshen-Huangqi nourishment'

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆翔

    2011-01-01

    WANG Ji, the famous doctor in the Ming dynasty, devoted all his life to writing books and had completed 14 books in his lifetime. He established the academic thought of Ying-Wei ( Yingqi and Weiqi) deficiency and excess and Renshen-Huangqi, which was that both have the function of nourishment. This had a positive influence on correcting some scholars' opinion in the Ming dynasty, which was if using bitter and cold herbs to nourish Yin, it usually damaged the Qi of spleen and stomach;and influence on formation of the Gubenpeiyuan School ( consolidating Yuanqi to enhance body resistance). The formation of the thought was related to the background of some iatrogenic illness whereby Yang deficiency of spleen and stomach was caused by excess use of bitter and cold medicine. WANG Ji' s academic thought was mainly refined from Ying-Wei theory in the Neijing, spleen-stomach theory of LI Dongyuan and excess of Yang and deficiency of Yin theory of ZHU Danxi, and was also influenced by the thought of other doctors at the same time.%明朝著名医家汪机,一生勤于著述,所著著作达14部之多.其创立的"营卫虚实论"和"参芪双补说"的学术思想,对纠正明季一派苦寒滋阴而导致损伤脾胃之气的时弊,以及"固本培元"流派的形成,均起到了积极的作用.其思想形成的背景与当时社会崇尚滋阴,过分使用苦寒之剂,从而损伤脾胃阳气,带来较多医源性疾患有着直接的关系.其学术思想主要来源于"营卫理论"以及李东垣的"脾胃论"和朱丹溪的"阳有余阴不足论",同时代的医家思想也对其产生了间接的影响.

  11. 论司马迁史传观念对汪道昆散传的影响%The Influence of Sima Qian's Concepts of Historical Biography on Wang Daokun's Biography Writing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨瑾

    2014-01-01

    汪道昆对司马迁《史记》的学习是多方面的,其中之一就是对其史传观念的继承和发展。这主要体现在四个方面:一、必信而传,必征而信,在散传写作中坚持考信征实的原则;二、赞扬循吏,提出养民的观点,以检讨明代吏治;三、肯定商业,提倡以儒侠之义节利;四、秉承平民史观,为平民阶层尤其是女性作传,具有补正史之阙的重要意义。此论题的研究,不仅有助于揭示汪道昆散传与《史记》的亲密关系,同时对其散传真实性、批判性、时代性等个人特点的揭示也有所裨益。%Wang Daokun learned from Sima Qian's Historical Records in many aspects, one of which is the inheritance and development of his concepts of historical biography. This is mainly reflected in four aspects: firstly, he adheres to the principle of seeking truth in his biography writing; secondly, he praises honest officials, putting forward the idea of nourishing the people to reflect upon the bureaucracy in the Ming Dynasty; thirdly, he promotes business, advocating making profits in an honest way; fourthly, he upholds the civilian historical view, writing biographies for common people especially women, which fills the gap of history books written in biographical style. Research on this topic not only helps to reveal the intimate relationship between the biography writing of Wang Daokun and Historical Records, but also explores the authenticity and the critical and contemporary spirits of his biography writing.

  12. Life for the Paper-Interview with WANG Ju-hua%一生为纸——科技史家王菊华研究员访谈录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彪; 王菊华

    2012-01-01

    王菊华研究员1955年大学毕业后,分配到轻工业部制浆造纸科学研究所,此后一直从事与纸有关的研究.她在中国古代造纸技术史上的研究工作在国内外影响很大,在大量研究的基础上,她坚持造纸起源的蔡伦发明说,并一直为之而努力研究和宣传.此外,她在造纸纤维分析方面以及造纸纤维显微分析仪的研发上都做出重大贡献.她主编的爯中国古代造纸工程技术史爲和爯中国造纸原料纤维特性及纤维图谱爲,对中国古代造纸技术史和造纸原料纤维研究有着重要的意义.王菊华研究员在中外学术交流中也发挥了重要的作用.%After graduating from college in 1955,Wang Juhua,researcher,began working with paper-related research.Her research work in the history of ancient Chinese papermaking technology has a great impact from the domestic and the international.On the basis of extensive research,she insisted that Cai Lun invented paper origin,and has been worth the efforts of research and advocacy.In addition,Wang make a significant contribution in the aspect of analysis of paper fiber and paper fiber microstructure analyzer.Some of her writings has great significance for the history of paper-making technology in Chinese ancient and papermaking raw material fiber technology research.

  13. Experience from Professor Wang Xiaoyun in Diagnosing and Treating Polycystic Ovary Syndrome%王小云教授论治多囊卵巢综合征经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建; 王小云

    2016-01-01

    Professor Wang Xiaoyun thinks that the pathogenesis of polycystic ovary syndrome is deficiency of the kidney as the principal aspect, the imbalance of liver -spleen, phlegm -dampness resistance meridian, blood stasis and depletion, while emphasizing the influence of emotional factors. The main treatment is nourishing kidney and spleen, and the secondary treatment is regulating Qi and resolving phlegm, and soothing the liver and removing blood stasis, which emphasize the prevention before disease, psychosomatic treatment application. This shows a significant effect in clinical application.%王小云教授认为多囊卵巢综合征的病因病机为肾虚为本、肝脾失调、痰湿阻络、血瘀经枯,同时强调情志因素影响。治疗以补肾扶脾为要,理气化痰、疏肝祛瘀为辅,并强调治未病、心身同治法的应用,临床效果显著。

  14. 论王海鸰情感心理对其小说创作主题的影响%On the Impact of Wang Hailing's Psychology upon the Theme of Her Novels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓雪强

    2011-01-01

    素有"中国婚姻第一写手"之称的女作家王海鸰创作出版了系列婚恋题材小说,她用"冷静而近乎残忍"的写实手法阐述婚姻困惑从而引发社会思考。文章探析了她情感心理中对男人迷信的破灭、人生成功的喜悦及婚姻否定观对其小说创作主题的影响。%Known as "The First Marital –Theme Novel Writer in China",Wang Hailing authors a series of novels of marital genre.Her realistic style featured by "calmness to the extent of cruelty" evokes reflection upon the society.The paper analyzes that the themes of her works are influenced by her psychological changes such as the evaporation of the superstition for husband,the joy from the success of life and the negation view for marriage.

  15. On the Emotion Differences and Their Causes between Meng Haoran and Wang Wei's Landscape Poems%孟浩然、王维山水诗的情感差异及其原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛力力

    2012-01-01

    为了进一步探讨孟浩然与王维山水诗的异同,通过将二人题材相同的山水诗加以比较分析,得知二人一些山水诗存在着描写的景物相似,而其中的情感却存在着明显差异的情况,引入马克思的"有意识的生命活动"理论后认为:此种差异主要是由作者不同的思想情感造成的,或者说,是由作者不同的生命意识活动决定的。%in order to further explore the similarities and differences of landscape poems of Meng Haoran and Wang Wei,it analyzes their landscape poems of the same subject matter and find out that their described scenary is similar,but the aroused emotions are quite different.After introducing the theory of Marx's "conscious life activities",we hold that this difference is mainly decided by the author's different feelings,or say by the author's different life consciousness activities.

  16. 煤矿工程建设造价的相关研究——王家山煤矿一号井项目%Research of coal mine construction cost——No. Well Wang mine project

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王三同

    2015-01-01

    Investment,long cycle,involving numerous professional civil engineering,mine construction and installation are the main characteristics of coal mine construction project,while coal mine construction project valuation method also has sophisticated features.This paper attempts to Wang mine No.1 well project cost control through multiple stages to achieve the ultimate cost to reduce the cost of coal.%投资大、周期长、涉及土建、矿建、安装等众多专业是煤矿建设工程的主要特点,同时煤矿建设工程还具有工程计价方法复杂的特点.本文尝试通过多个阶段对王家山煤矿一号井的工程造价进行控制,实现煤矿造价成本的最终的降低.

  17. Reduplicative Words Rhetoric of A Tale of Big Nur by Wang Zengqi%汪曾祺《大淖记事》的叠音修辞艺术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄京玄

    2012-01-01

    The paper protruded the style of the author's hometown, Gaoyou, a region that Mr. Wang had chosen and applied reduplicated words and onomatopoetic words in his A Tale of Big Nur, in whieh the writer attained the acme of perfection of art at characterization, manifestation mode and description. This thesis sums up the main rhetoric rules of A Tale of Big Nut from the angle of the art of rhetoric and the ways and skills about the tune in the progenitors with a view to better serving our writing today.%汪曾祺先生在《大淖记事》中精妙地选择和运用叠音词和摹声词等修辞方式,不仅凸显了故乡高邮的地域色彩,而且在刻画人物、表现习俗、描绘情景中达到了出神入化的艺术境界。现从修辞艺术的角度,欣赏《大淖记事》中语音非常鲜明的修辞现象,学习修辞方法和技巧,更好地解读原著,作为今天写作的借鉴。

  18. A brief probe into the self-addressing terms of“Xi Xiang Ji”by Wang Shifu%浅谈王实甫《西厢记》中的自称词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋娜; 张春秀

    2014-01-01

    Wang Shifu's works Xi Xiang Ji makes very important materials to the research on modern Chinese.This thesis classifies and analyzes the self-addressing terms in Xi Xiang Ji in details.The self-addressing terms in Xi Xiang Ji can be divided into two kinds:complimentary and non-complimentary words.The non-complimentary words include first-person pronouns,complex addressing words and identity addressing words;the complimentary words include“little”,“humble”,“foolish”and “poor”as the prefix of self-addressing terms.%王实甫的《西厢记》是研究近代汉语的重要材料。《西厢记》中自称词的使用情况主要分为非谦称词和谦称词,其中非谦称词包括第一人称代词、复数自称词和身份自称词,谦称词包括“小”作词头、“贱”作词头及“愚”“贫”等作词头的情况。

  19. Archetype Criticism on the Image of"Door"in Poems by Wang Wei%王维诗歌中“门”意象的原型批评

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祝玉慧

    2015-01-01

    Based on the theory of Myth-archetype Criticism arising in western countries during 20th century, the present study aims at probing into the image"door"in the poems by Wang Wei from the perspective of the orig-inal meaning of door, the development of cultural meaning to the return of its poetic meaning, elaborating the un-conscious effects and influence of the image"door"on human psychology in Chinese cultural history by combining the researches of common human unconsciousness on images in the study of humantity, culture and psychology.%文章以20世纪西方出现的神话原型批评理论,综合人类学、文化学和心理学对意象中的人类的共同的无意识进行探究,以王维诗歌中的“门”意象为例追根溯源,从“门”这个语词的原始意义、变迁的文化意义到诗学意义的回归,阐述关于“门”意象在中国文化中的发展变迁,且对诗歌及人类心理的无意识影响。

  20. Professor Wang Ruoguang's Congnition and Optimal Management of Subfertility in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome%王若光教授对于PCOS不孕症的认识与优化管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贺晓霞; 王若光; 欧罗丹

    2016-01-01

    Because of the diversity of clinical manifestations of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the diagnosis of PCOS has been controversial, the diagnosis of the dispute affected the treatment standardization. This paper introduces Wang Ruoguang's thinking and understanding about the optimal management of polycystic ovary syndrome from the pathogenesis of infertility core PCOS, 3 stage-12 gray scale, centralized type, TCM syndrome and treatment of core.%由于多囊卵巢综合征(polycystic ovary syndrome,PCOS)临床表现多样,PCOS 的诊断标准一直存在较大争议,其诊断方面的争议影响了治疗的规范化。笔者从PCOS 不孕症的病机核心、3阶段-12灰阶诊断、一元化分型、中医证候、治疗核心等方面介绍王若光教授对 PCOS 不孕症优化管理的思路与见解。

  1. 休戚相关荣辱与共--论苏轼与王巩的交谊%Sharing Weal and Woe and Supporting Each Other---On Friendship Between Su Shi and Wang Gong

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    喻世华; 朱广宇

    2013-01-01

      Su Shi has an all-round close relationship with Wang Gong .In politics they share weal and woe and support each other and in literature and art they share common interests .And in daily life they are in frequent contact with each other .In spite of the changed situation they share sincere friendship ,especially in time of adversity they never leave each other ,which composes a music of true love in the world .%  苏轼与王巩关系密切而全面,既有政治上的休戚相关、荣辱与共,也有文学艺术上的共同爱好,更有生活上的多种联系。双方不因境遇变化而有所改变的真挚情谊,特别是患难时的不离不弃,谱写了人间自有真情的乐章。

  2. 革命时代的生活与文学之美--《这边风景》简论%A Brief Discussion of TheLandscapeHere by Wang Meng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金胜; 段晓琳

    2014-01-01

    对于王蒙个体和当代文学史来说,《这边风景》都是别具典型意义的作品。小说深入、直观地展现了作家16年新疆生涯,饱含着当年的王蒙与今日的王蒙对青春岁月的极大热忱与真诚。它以丰富的经典细节,表现了革命年代边疆百姓的切肤生活和情感,而“意识流”和“小说人语”手法的运用,扩展了作品的艺术表现力,构成了作家穿越文化时空的灵魂对话。%TheLandscapeHere is a representative work both for Wang Meng and for the history of contemporary literature. Depicting his 16 years' career in Xinjiang, it is full of the author's enthusiasm and sincerity in the prime of his life. With rich classical details, the novel shows us the borderland people's life and emotion in the revolutionary era. Application of stream of consciousness and the words of the novelist extends the artistic expressive force, forming a soul dialogue which can transcend space and time.

  3. 王阳明"致良知"思想对青少年道德成长的启示%The Enlightenment of Wang Yangming's Extension of Intuitive Knowledge to Youth Moral Growth

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董伟强

    2015-01-01

    当前随着我国经济社会的快速发展,部分青少年良知被物欲、私利所遮蔽,道德成长陷入了认知偏颇、判断迷离和行为失范的困境,影响了他们的身心健康成长. 王阳明从"良知"出发,将"良知"付诸"致"的环节,主张追求道德理想人格的完善. 运用王阳明的"致良知"思想,有助于青少年提高道德认知水平、养成道德反思习惯和落实道德行为规范.%With the rapid development of the national economy , some youth are prone to pursue self-benefit as their conscience and are affected by the material desire .As a result, the development of moral standards is facing problems , such as cognitive bi-as, blurred judgment and misleading behavior , which affect youth development both physically and emotionally .Wang Yangming who was a Chinese philosopher advocated the perfection of personality and embarked from the perspective of "conscience".The application of "the extension of intuitive knowledge" helps to improve adolescence 's moral cognition , foster the habit of moral re-flection and implement ethical code of conduct .

  4. Problems and thinking of cosmetic surgery industry through analysis of 'death of Wang Bei'%从“王贝之死”看医疗整形美容业监管的困惑与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜贤飞; 赵欣; 朱方

    2011-01-01

    通过回顾超女王贝接受整形手术死亡的事件,分析了当前医疗整形美容行业存在的问题及其原因,提出了规范医疗整形美容行业的思考:完善医疗整形美容业的相关法律、明确监管责任,提高医疗美容行业准入标准、循证建立医疗整形手术标准和指南以及建立全国性的医疗整形美容资格认证和公示制度.%Through reviewing the case of Wang Bei, a super girl' who died while having cosmetic surgery on her face, we analyzed the problems and their reasons in current cosmetic surgery industry. To address the problems, we suggested to take some measures to regulate the cosmetic surgery industry as follows: to improve the regulations of medical cosmetic surgery industry, to clarify the responsibility of health authorities, to reset the admission policy of cosmetic surgery industry, to establish the evidence-based cosmetic surgical criteria and guideline, and to set up the national admission standards and the publicity policy for qualification of employees and techniques in cosmetic surgery industry.

  5. The "Emptiness and Fullness" and "Intricacy" Grammar in Zuo Commentary by Wang Yuan%王源《左传评》之“虚实”、“错综”文法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾明佳

    2012-01-01

    The remarks on the " emptiness and fullness" and " intricacy" grammar in Zuo Commentary by Wang Yuan are of ingenuity, forming a series of theoretical systems of its own. His "emptiness and fullness" grammar mainly lies in three aspects: vividness in "emptiness", combination of emptiness with fullness, and authentic writing. However, the " intricacy" grammar is one of the most important expressive approaches to make article structure full of change. This paper explores the special art of composition of "taking orderliness as intricacy. "%王源对《左传》中“虚实”、“错综”文法的评点可谓独出心裁,形成了自己的一套理论体系。其“虚实”文法主要体现在三个方面:“虚”处传神;“虚”、“实”结合;关于写真的问题。而“错综”文法则是使文章结构充满变化的最重要的表现手段之一,并且探究了“以整齐为错综”的特殊章法现象。

  6. Non-material Cultural Heritage Interpretation of Nuo Dance the Sun Tour and Wang Hua Sacrifices%傩舞《游太阳》与汪华祭祀的非物质文化遗产解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐芳

    2016-01-01

    傩舞是一种古老的文化现象,历史悠久,是早期人类生活实践的产物,在我国影响十分深远。《游太阳》是傩舞的一种,盛行于徽州府的祁门县,发展中逐渐向周边扩展。《游太阳》具有原始性,后逐渐从祈祷农事向祭祀汪华转变,形成了地方特色文化,成为我国重要的非物质文化遗产。%The sun tour belongs to the Nuo dance, Nuo dance is one of the witch dance, the nuo is an ancient cultural phenomenon in China, it is a product of early human life practice with a long history and very profound influence in China. The Sun Tour prevails in Qimen county of Huizhou mansion in history, and gradually it expands to the surrounding in the course of development, the place of The sun tour has the primitiveness, in developing gradually evolved, praying from farming to sacrifice of Wang Hua.

  7. 王松龄教授治疗脊髓小脑性共济失调经验介绍%Experience of Professor Wang Songling for treating spinocerebellar ataxia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘福贵; 王松龄

    2016-01-01

    Spinocerebellar ataxia is a hereditary neurodegenerative disease. In western medicine, there is no speciifc treating method. Treating disease from Ganshen Kunsun, Shi’re Jingyin, by the therapy of Qingre Lishi and Buyi Ganshen, could gain satisfactory effcacy. In order to improve effects, broaden the thinking of fellow, experience of Professor Wang Songling for treating spinocerebellar ataxia was elaborated in the paper.%脊髓小脑共济失调是遗传性神经系统变性疾病,西医目前尚无特异性治疗方法,而中医药可从肝肾亏损、湿热浸淫的病机入手进行治疗。采用清热利湿,补益肝肾的治法,合理处方用药,如能坚持服药将会收到令人满意的效果。为了提高该病的治疗效果,拓宽同道思路,兹介绍王松龄教授治疗脊髓小脑性共济失调经验。

  8. 嗜热多拟青霉发酵产物杀虫活性的初步研究%Preliminary Study on Insecticidal Activity of Zymotic Metabolites from Polypaecilum thermophilum D.M.Wang et D.C.Li

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬梅

    2011-01-01

    以纯化的嗜热多拟青霉液体发酵培养,测定其代谢产物对棉蚜和温室白粉虱的毒杀效果.用水培棉苗法培养棉蚜,盆栽番茄培养温室白粉虱,采用菌株发酵产物浸渍法进行生物测定.结果表明:该代谢产物表现出较高的毒杀作用,室内生物测定72 h对棉蚜和温室白粉虱的校正死亡率分别为80.5%和66.3%.%The purifided Polypaecilum thermophilum D. M. Wang et D. C. Li was cultured by fermenta tion , and the effects of its zymotic metabolites on Aphis gossypii raised on water - planting cotton seedlings and Trialeurodes vaporariorum raised on potted tomato plants were studied. The bioassay was conducted through dipping leaves in fungi zymotic metabolites. The results showed that the zymotic metabolites had higher toxicity to Aphis gossypii and Trialeurodes vaporariorum with adjusted mortality of 80.5% and 66.3% respectively after bioassay for 72 hours.

  9. A Review of Wang Sheng's The Perspective of the Calligraphy%一个追求多种视阈——读王升教授力作《书法艺术的视阈》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱燕

    2012-01-01

    Wang Sheng's The Perspective of the Calligraphy is not a narrow interpretation of calligraphy, but a knowledge statement involving many subjects. Based on psychology, pedagogy, aesthetics, sociology and philosophy,this work offers a rational and thorough approach to calligraphy. Moreover, it re-examines life and art from the perspective of calligraphy, presenting a three-dimensional and substantial world. New arguments and concepts in thework could provide enlightenment for readers beyond calligraphy circles.%《书法艺术的视阈》不是一部狭义的书论,而是涉及多种学科的知识表述。这部著作在心理学、教育学、美学、社会学、哲学的多方关系中,以一种理性的自觉探讨书法艺术,并通过书法这个视角重新审视人生、艺术,构成了一个立体的、丰瞻的、有意义的复合体。王升教授提出的诸多新论点、新观念非常值得其他学科的学人研究,并从中获得启迪。

  10. 王平教授以酸枣仁汤为主方治疗失眠经验%Professor Wang Ping′s experience on the treatment of insomnia with the main prescription Suanzaoren Decoction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢光瞡; 王平

    2016-01-01

    Suanzaoren Decoction firstly contained in the “Golden Chamber”,is commonly used to treat insomnia , the function of which is nourishing the blood and tranquilization,clearing heat and relieving fidgetness.Professor Wang Ping,more than 30 clinical years,which has a unique experience for the treatment of insomnia,considers that the patho-genesis of insomnia is imbalance of yin and yang,and is particularly related to heart and liver.The main prescription Su-anzaoren Decoction makes a significant effect with card to add and subtract and flexibility.%酸枣仁汤首载于《金匮要略》,是治疗失眠的常用方,功能养血安神,清热除烦。王平教授临证30余载,对失眠的治疗有独到的体会,认为失眠病机总属阴阳失交、阳盛阴衰,与心肝二脏尤为密切,治疗上以酸枣仁汤为主方,随证加减,灵活变通,疗效显著。

  11. Morphological characteristics of adult male handball players considering five levels of performance and playing position.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Massuça, Luís; Fragoso, Isabel

    2015-03-01

    This study aims 1--to describe and compare the anthropometric characteristics of male handball players from different levels of performance, and 2--to identify the morphological variables that allow differentiation of the level of performance for each individual playing position. A total of 212 male handball players (age, 23.6 ± 5.2 years) were included in this study, and divided into five levels of performance for comparison. The playing position of each player was recorded. All participants were tested during the 2008-2009 Portuguese handball season. Twenty-eight anthropometric measures were taken by a group of anthropometrics accredited by International Society of the Advance of Kinanthropometry. Body composition, fat mass and muscle mass were calculated from the equations proposed by Faulkner26, Yuhase28, Durnin and Womersley25, Jackson and Pollock29, Matiegka33, Heymsfield, McManus, Smith, Stevens and Nixon34, Martin, Spenst, Drinkwater and Clarys21, Doupe, Martin, Searle, Kriellaars and Giesbrecht35 and Lee, Wang, Heo, Ross, Janssen and Heymsfield36. The research findings showed that the morphological optimization is important to have success in handball.

  12. "Nature" and "Artistic Conception": The Early Thoughts on the Research of Chinese Literature Modernization——On Wang Guowei's Song and Yuan Dynasty Opera History%"自然"与"意境":中国文学研究现代化的早期思路——以王国维《宋元戏曲史》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王莹

    2009-01-01

    Wang guowei propounded "Nature Theory" and "Artistic Conception Theory", not only broke away from the traditional prejudice of "Writings for Conveying Truth", but also constructed the standard judging of literary and artistic works' value. By the two ways of "break" and "construction" means was a symbolized event that the research of Chinese opera in the modern sense could be developed. Wang guowei overturned the traditional standard that the research of Chinese opera couldn't be done by the truly great man. The research of Chinese modern opera could be "a particular study", Wang guowei was really a pioneer. with monumental contributions.%王国维提出"自然"说和"意境"说,破除了"文以载道"的传统迷思,并建立了文艺作品价值的评判标准,这种"破"与"立"双管齐下的做法是现代意义上的戏曲研究得以展开的标志性事件;王国维以自己的实际行动,颠覆了戏曲研究"壮夫不为"的传统标准,对中国现代戏曲研究得以成为"专门之学",实有筚路蓝缕之功.

  13. On the Astonishing Beauty Style in the Novels by Wang Shizhen--Taking TanYi in ChiBeiOuTan as Example%论王士禛小说创作的奇异美--以《池北偶谈·谈异》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王然

    2014-01-01

    清代文人王士禛一生创作了《池北偶谈》、《皇华记闻》、《香祖笔记》等七部笔记杂录,其中多有小说作品。《池北偶谈·谈异》代表了其小说创作的主要成就,是其小说创作的精华。王士禛小说创作具有鲜明的个人特色,在用词、内容等方面表现出崇奇尚异的审美取向,而这与其人生经历、心理体验以及当时的社会状况密切相关。%Wang Shizhen in Qing Dynasty has written 7 Notes comprising lots of novels,such as ChiBeiOuTan,HuangHuaJiWen,Xi-angZuBiJi. TanYi in ChiBeiOuTan is exquisite and is the most important notes of Wang Shizhen. Wang Shizhen' novel has formed sharp features and has the tendency of seeking strange and astonishing beauty in the vocabulary and contents. The tendency is most associated with his life experience,psychological experience and social conditions.

  14. Exploration of WANG Hao style over-the-table twist-pulling technique teaching and training%王皓式台内拧拉技术教学与训练探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊志超

    2015-01-01

    The author analyzed such technical challenges in WANG Hao style over-the-table twist-pulling technique as “tilt the paddle somewhat forward, bend the wrist counterclockwise and raise the elbow joint outward to the limit”, and revealed that for a halfway player, the key to success in learning a new technique is to get over negative skill transformation. During teaching and training, the author designed a movement procedure in which psychology is combined with technique, a training method used to focus on inner attention by utilizing“the second signal sys-tem (language)”. Prior to twist-pulling, the player meditates this procedure (he/she can vigorously twist the ball only after he/she has bent the wrist counterclockwise to the limit and raised the elbow joint outward to the limit), so as to enhance his/her inner attention, constantly reduce, overcome or even eliminate the effect of negative skill transfor-mation, and ultimately master this new technique. However, as for a high performance player who has already mas-tered WANG Hao style over-the-table twist-pulling technique, he/she needs no inner attention, otherwise, it will damage his/her unconscious competence, obstruct the execution of skill automation, do no good but harm to skill exertion, which should be adequately noted by various coaches and players.%对王皓式台内拧拉技术难点“握拍压得较前倾,手腕沿逆时针方向弯曲大及肘关节向外抬高到极限的拧拉技法”进行了分析。结果表明:对半路出家运动员而言,学习新技术成功与否关键是要过技能负迁移关。在教学训练中设计了心理与技术相结合的动作程序,利用“第二信号系统”(语言)来集中内在注意力的训练方法。在拧拉前默念此程序(“手腕沿逆时针方向弯曲至极限,肘关节向外抬高至极限”,才能发力拧。)来提高内在注意力,不断减轻、克服甚至消除技能负迁移的影响,最终才能掌握

  15. 王阳明“知行合一”说的系统论分析%An Analysis of Wang Yangming's “unity of knowing and acting”Based on the Systematic Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭德林

    2015-01-01

    从系统的整体性理解王阳明“知行合一”说,可知:“知行合一”是一个由目的、手段和根据构成的有机整体;知行的本来体段就是合一的,而语言的遮蔽、私欲阻碍和析心理为二的剧场假相,使得知行分离,这三者都背离了“致良知于事事物物”的要求;个体要真正做到知行合一,就必须在事亲事君、交友治民等具体实践中,通过致良知的努力,体认知行合一的真谛,为善去恶,成就个人的德性,这样才能实现安天下之民的目的。从系统的层次性审视阳明哲学可见,阳明虽然看到了个体的知和行、德性之知和闻见之知、心的社会性和个性、道德的自觉和自愿、为学和生活等两两之间,都是一个有机整体,但受时代所限,其伦理学说系统仍然只有社会关系和伦理政治两个层次,缺少了物质生产这个根本层次,故其知行合一说的深度和说服力不够。%By systematically and wholly understanding Wang Yangming's “unity of knowing and act-ing”,we can know that “unity of knowing and acting”is an organic whole constituted by ends,means and grounds.Knowing and acting are originally combined and the theater fake truth of obscure language, private desires and incorrect mentality,which divides knowing from acting.Three elements violate the requirement of placing good conscience into everything.If an individual really wants to combine knowing with acting,he must do his best to seek for conscience in these concrete practices such as severing par-ents and the emperor,making friends,governing the people,etc.and understanding the essence of the“unity of knowing and acting”,promoting good and being away from evil,so as to achieve personal vir-tue and make people live in peace.To survey Wang Yangming’s philosophy from the level of system,we can be clear,although individual knowledge and behavior,the knowledge of virtue and the

  16. 自我分裂者之爱--论王威廉《佩索阿的爱情》%Love of Self Separatists:A Discussion of The Love of Fernando Pessoa by Wang William

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金玉娇

    2016-01-01

    The Portuguese poet Fernando Pessoa, as a modern master for his outstanding poems, he expressed the self-splitting in modern society. As a writer born after 1980s , Wang William, initiatively accepted the influence of Fernando Pessoa, created The Love of Fernando Pessoa, Taking the “self-splitting” of Fernando Pessoa as an entry point, he not only imitated Fernando Pessoa, showing the universality of human beings’ “self-splitting” in a modern society,but also made some innovation on the basis of imitation, showing the “self-splitting” under “self-deception” from the unique perspective of“love”.%葡萄牙诗人费尔南多·佩索阿作为现代主义大师以其杰出的诗才表达了现代社会中人的自我分裂。而作为80后作家的王威廉主动接受费尔南多·佩索阿的影响,创作出《佩索阿的爱情》,以佩索阿的“自我分裂”为切入口,不仅对其进行了模仿———表现出现代社会中人的“自我分裂”的普遍性,而且在模仿的基础上进行了创新———在“爱情”的独特视阈下表现出这种“自我分裂”下的人的“自欺”状态。

  17. BRIEF INTRODUCTION TO THE INHERITANCE AND INNOVATION OF MR. WANG ENHUAI'S CERAMIC ART%简述王恩怀陶瓷艺术的传承与创新

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王清平

    2012-01-01

    陶瓷艺术家、中国工艺美术大师王恩怀出身陶瓷世家,自小随其父人称“青花大王”的王步学艺作画,又拜著名陶瓷美术家、“珠山八友”之一的刘雨岑为师学习粉彩,笔者尝试从传承、创新以及传承与创新二者相融合三个方面,从青花、粉彩、青花斗彩三类陶瓷装饰技法,简述其陶瓷艺术风格的演变和成熟。%Mr.Wang Enhuai, a ceramic artist and China national great master of arts and crafts, was born in a ceramic family, when he was a child, he learned to draw pictures from his father,who is called"the blue-and-white king",then he was apprenticed to Mr. Liu Yuqin,a ceramic artist and one of "Eight Friends of Zhushan" and began to learn famille rose,the writer tries to give an brief account of the evolution and maturation of his ceramic artistic style from the decorative tecniques of blue and white, famille rose and blue and white on the glaze in the aspects of inheritance , innovation and the combination of inheritance and innovation.

  18. 广州地铁嘉禾联锁区微机联锁故障下行车组织%Driving Organizational Methods of Guangzhou Metro JiaHe Wang Gang SICAS District Microcomputer SICAS Failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海荣; 郭勇; 潘浩华

    2013-01-01

      微机联锁故障是对地铁运营组织影响较大的一种信号故障,对于故障情况下及故障恢复后行车组织方法的研究具有积极意义。本文在分析SICAS计算机连锁原理及现象的基础上,研究了广州地铁2号线嘉禾望岗联锁区微机联锁故障时的行车组织方法。从行车中断时间、线路通过能力、对行车及客流的影响几个方面进行综合对比分析,选出较优方案。以便降低故障对地铁运营组织的不利影响,最大程度满足乘客出行需要。%  SICAS failure affecting a signal failure on the subway operator organizations, under fault conditions and fault recovery method for the study of the organization of train has positive significance. This paper analyzes the principle and the phenomenon of the SICAS computer chain, driving organizational methods of Guangzhou Metro Line 2 JiaHe Wang Gang SICAS District Microcomputer SICAS failure. From traffic interruption time, line by capacity, impact on traffic and passenger flow several comprehensive comparative analysis to elect the better programs.

  19. Evaluation of the grand-canonical partition function using expanded Wang-Landau simulations. IV. Performance of many-body force fields and tight-binding schemes for the fluid phases of silicon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desgranges, Caroline; Delhommelle, Jerome

    2016-03-28

    We extend Expanded Wang-Landau (EWL) simulations beyond classical systems and develop the EWL method for systems modeled with a tight-binding Hamiltonian. We then apply the method to determine the partition function and thus all thermodynamic properties, including the Gibbs free energy and entropy, of the fluid phases of Si. We compare the results from quantum many-body (QMB) tight binding models, which explicitly calculate the overlap between the atomic orbitals of neighboring atoms, to those obtained with classical many-body (CMB) force fields, which allow to recover the tetrahedral organization in condensed phases of Si through, e.g., a repulsive 3-body term that favors the ideal tetrahedral angle. Along the vapor-liquid coexistence, between 3000 K and 6000 K, the densities for the two coexisting phases are found to vary significantly (by 5 orders of magnitude for the vapor and by up to 25% for the liquid) and to provide a stringent test of the models. Transitions from vapor to liquid are predicted to occur for chemical potentials that are 10%-15% higher for CMB models than for QMB models, and a ranking of the force fields is provided by comparing the predictions for the vapor pressure to the experimental data. QMB models also reveal the formation of a gap in the electronic density of states of the coexisting liquid at high temperatures. Subjecting Si to a nanoscopic confinement has a dramatic effect on the phase diagram with, e.g. at 6000 K, a decrease in liquid densities by about 50% for both CMB and QMB models and an increase in vapor densities between 90% (CMB) and 170% (QMB). The results presented here provide a full picture of the impact of the strategy (CMB or QMB) chosen to model many-body effects on the thermodynamic properties of the fluid phases of Si.

  20. 王翠霞教授治疗母儿ABO血型不合经验%Professor WANG Cui-xia's Summary of Experience of Treating Fetomaternal ABO Blood Group Incompatibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛晓岚

    2012-01-01

    Fetomaternal blood group incompatibility is immune diseases of blood type because that pregnant women and the fetus haven't the same blood group, all of them fetomaternal ABO blood group incompatibility is usual, according to inspection of serum antibodies to diagnose, its incidence is high and dangerous, who attacks more and more persons' attention. My teacher professor WANG Cui-xia considered that the etiology is mainly the hot, humid implication, stagnation of qi and blood stasis, damp and hot resistance to quadruplet, blood stasis in Chong and Ren, fetus not solid, tai displaced and raise the cost of disease, and can the wet, puring the heat, promoting blood circulation to remove blood stasis, and invigorating kidney are the therapeutic principles, the clinical curative effect is distinct.%母儿血型不合是孕妇和胎儿之间因血型不合产生的同族血型免疫性疾病,其中以ABO血型不合常见,需依据检验血清抗体确诊,其发病率高且危害性大,越来越受到重视.吾师王翠霞教授认为母儿ABO血型不合的病因主要为湿热内蕴及气滞血瘀,湿热蕴阻胞胎,冲任瘀阻,胎元不固,胎失所养而成本病,并以清热利湿及活血化瘀佐以补肾安胎法为治疗原则,临床疗效显著.

  1. 王夫之《诗经》学的情感诉求%The Emotional Appeal in Wang Fu -zhi’s Study of the Book of Songs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    纳秀艳

    2015-01-01

    自古学者以学术为使命,蕴思于学,涵术于问,以生命浸润学术。故而,学术便有了生命意义和情感诉求,这是学术研究的至高境界,非才高者、博雅者、情深者难至。王夫之融鲜明的个性思想和突出的人格精神于经典研究中,以自由的学术追求,忧怀家国的情感指向;以孤心书家国之忧,借经典释遗民之恨,形成了深沉厚重的学术风貌,使其《诗经》学卓尔不群,粲溢古今。%From time immemorial ,the scholars take the academy for missions ,and spend their w hole life on it .So ,there is life meaning and emotional appeal in the academy w hich view s as the supreme realm to gifted and learned scholars .Wang Fuzhi merged his individuality and spirit into classics .With the aca‐demic pursue and emotional orientation ,he wrote his worried about the country and adherents’ hatred .He formed his ow n academic style w hich made his study of the Book of Songs partially different from other scholars .

  2. 论王十月小说《无碑》中的城乡矛盾冲突%On the Contradiction between the Urban and Rural Areas in Wang Shiyue’s Novel No Monument

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高源

    2016-01-01

    Wang Shiyue’s novel No Monument is the bottom of the 1990s city real literary expression, is the work of the many literature of manual labourers . The novel true performance of the underlying gener-ation of migrant workers,it shows the contradiction and conflict between the strong urban culture and the weak rural culture in the special social period,and to reveal the migrant workers face the embarrassed sta-tus inquiry and anxiety,hitting on the survival dilemma,with sound of humanistic care of the completed the migrant workers themselves and appeal,vividly embodies the modernity and reality.%王十月的长篇小说《无碑》是对上世纪90年代城市底层真实的文学表述,堪称众多打工文学作品中的力作。小说真实地再现了一代打工者的底层生存状况,展现了特殊社会时期强势的城市文化与弱势的乡村文化间的矛盾冲突,并以此揭示打工者面对尴尬身份的追问与焦虑,直击他们所承受的生存困境,以具有人文关怀的笔调完成了打工者自我的呐喊与诉求,真切地体现了文学的时代性和现实性。

  3. The Relationship Between Yuhai and Han Yiwenzhi Kao zheng of Wang yinglin%王应麟《玉海》与《汉艺文志考证》关系考略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨毅

    2012-01-01

    Yuhai is the first academic writing of Wang yinglin. His later acdemic work Hen Yiwenzhi Kaozheng is similar to Yuhai in classification and content. The analysis show that Hart Yiwenzhi Kaozheng is closely related to Yuhai. The litera- ture compilation of Yuhai lay a good basis for Han Yiwenzhi Kaozheng to make a monographic study. Han Yiwenzhi Kaozheng also deepen and supplement the ancient codes and records of han dynasty in Yuhai. Because the two books are different in style and gist, they still have some difference besides the resemblance and identities. These difference is the spe- cialty of the two books.%玉海》初稿是王应麟第一部学术著作,之后所作的《汉艺文志考证》一书与《玉海》在分类、内容上都有大量相同之处。由分析可得,《汉艺文志考证》的成书与《玉海》密切相关,是《玉海》的文献编撰工作为《汉艺文志考证》进行专题研究打下了基础,而《汉艺文志考证》又对《玉海》中汉代文献典籍资料进行了深化与补充。由于二书编撰体例、主旨不同,在相似、相同之处仍可明显见出二者的差异,这些差异也正是二书的特色所在。

  4. Epigenetic game theory and its application in plants. Comment on: ;Epigenetic game theory: How to compute the epigenetic control of maternal-to-zygotic transition; by Qian Wang et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yuan-Ming; Zhang, Yinghao; Guo, Mingyue

    2017-03-01

    Wang's et al. article [1] is the first to integrate game theory (especially evolutionary game theory) with epigenetic modification of zygotic genomes. They described and assessed a modeling framework based on evolutionary game theory to quantify, how sperms and oocytes interact through epigenetic processes, to determine embryo development. They also studied the internal mechanisms for normal embryo development: 1) evolutionary interactions between DNA methylation of the paternal and maternal genomes, and 2) the application of game theory to formulate and quantify how different genes compete or cooperate to regulate embryogenesis through methylation. Although it is not very comprehensive and profound regarding game theory modeling, this article bridges the gap between evolutionary game theory and the epigenetic control of embryo development by powerful ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The epiGame framework includes four aspects: 1) characterizing how epigenetic game theory works by the strategy matrix, in which the pattern and relative magnitude of the methylation effects on embryogenesis, are described by the cooperation and competition mechanisms, 2) quantifying the game that the direction and degree of P-M interactions over embryo development can be explained by the sign and magnitude of interaction parameters in model (2), 3) modeling epigenetic interactions within the morula, especially for two coupled nonlinear ODEs, with explicit functions in model (4), which provide a good fit to the observed data for the two sexes (adjusted R2 = 0.956), and 4) revealing multifactorial interactions in embryogenesis from the coupled ODEs in model (2) to triplet ODEs in model (6). Clearly, this article extends game theory from evolutionary game theory to epigenetic game theory.

  5. 循环时空中的孤独构建--马尔克斯与王安忆%Loneliness Construction in Cycling Time and Space:Marcks and Wang Anyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    皮进

    2014-01-01

    During the great trend of“borrowing”in the 1980s, different western literature schools were intro-duced to Chinese literature, and Latin American magical realism was one of them. As one of the representative writers, Marcks influenced and enlightened Chinese literature in his creation and thought, which shocked and promoted Chi-nese writers both in difficulties of cutural identity and literature reform. Wang Anyi was one of the writers, whose works are deeply influenced by Marcks in the expression of loneliness theme, time and space mode construction and the metaphor and symbol writing features.%在20世纪80年代声势浩大的“拿来”潮流中,中国文坛迎来了西方各种主义与文学思潮,也迎来了拉美的魔幻现实主义。作为其代表作家之一,马尔克斯的创作及思想一直影响和启悟着新时期以来文学的创作,震撼和激励着处于文化身份、文学变革双重焦虑之中的中国作家。王安忆便是其中一位。无论是其作品对孤独主题的表达、时空模式的构建,还是其文本中对隐喻象征手法的化用,穿越历史的时空,都能感受到她与马尔克斯的“道同”。

  6. 王庆国教授重用芍药甘草治疗带状疱疹后遗神经痛验案一则%A Medical Case of Professor Wang Qingguo Treating Postherpetic Neuralgia(PHN) with High-dose Shaoyao and Gancao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    翟昌明; 王雪茜; 程发峰; 于才; 王梓淞; 马重阳; 王庆国

    2016-01-01

    Objective] The article introduces a medical case of Professor Wang Qingguo, a famous TCM physicians treating postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) with high-dose Shaoyao and Gancao. [Methods] By following professor Wang Qingguo clinics and combining test case,learning the experience and thoughts of professor Wang treating postherpetic neuralgia with high-dose Shaoyao and Gancao. [Results] Professor Wang Qingguo believes that not only the evil influence stasis induces the pain,but also because of the chronic injury of yin and blood,i.e the case postherpetic neuralgia. When treating such syndromes, using high-dose Shaoyao and Gancao or other nourishing drugs,and removing the evil are required. The selected test case that was based on this idea of treatment, achieved remarkable results.[Conclusion] The experience of professor Wang Qingguo in the treatment of postherpetic neuralgia is different and effective,worthy of in-depth study and understanding.%[目的]探析王庆国教授重用芍药甘草治疗带状疱疹后遗神经痛验案一则,总结其临证经验。[方法]通过跟随王庆国教授门诊并结合验案,学习王教授结合虚实辨证治疗带状疱疹后遗神经痛时重用芍药甘草缓急止痛的学术观点和临床经验。[结果]王庆国教授认为带状疱疹后遗神经痛虽多为邪实阻络致痛,但亦有因久病损伤阴血,或是年迈体衰、筋脉失养所致的不荣之痛。针对此类病证,在辨证准确的情况下,需重用芍药、甘草等养阴柔筋之品,同时配合他药兼清余邪。所选验案即是以本思路治疗,取得显著疗效。[结论]王庆国教授治疗带状疱疹后遗神经痛的经验,特色鲜明,疗效确切,值得深入学习和推广。

  7. 王光超%Professor WANG Guangchao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵丹

    2014-01-01

    王光超教授(1912-2003),天津人,我国杰出的皮肤性病学专家、教育家。他一生致力于我国皮肤科学的发展与进步,曾任中华医学会皮肤科分会主任委员、《中华皮肤科杂志》主编、卫生部性传播疾病咨询委员会顾问、中国性学会首任理事长、北大医院工会主席等职务。在半个多世纪的从医生涯中,王光超教授积累了丰富的临床经验和渊博的理论知识,受到国内外专家学者的尊重和爱戴,是我国皮肤科学界公认的德高望重的老前辈。%ProfessorWANGGuangchao(1912~2003),borninTianjin,isanoutstandingdermatologist, venereologist and educator.Devoting his whole life to the development and progress of dermatology,he has been the chairman of the branch Association of Dermatology of Chinese Medical Association,the chief editor of Chinese Jour-nal of Dermatology,advisor of the Sexually Transmitted Diseases Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Health,the first chairman of the Chinese Sexology Association.

  8. Wang Shan's Cosplay Passion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    COSPLAY, a brand-new leisure pursuit from Japan, is currently flavor of the month in South China's Hangzhou. The name Cosplay (Costume Play) refers to dressing-up, a pastime popular among children and young adults. Cosplayers enjoy dressing as their favorite Sci-fi, anime, manga and game characters,and hold costume parties to elicit admiration for and compare outfits.

  9. On Artistic Absorption from Ming and Qing Novels by WANG An-yi’s Tianxiang%论王安忆《天香》与明清小说的交会情缘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何晓苇

    2016-01-01

    WANG An-yi’s work Tianxiang is deeply influenced by the novels of Ming and Qing Dynasties and can be called a triumph for its returning to the classics.The writer is good at sublimating the unusual thinking with the figures in the classic novels as the media,and creating the new and unique context and atmosphere.She has described the marketplaces and secular world with elegant language,which has reflected the warmth and fragrance of people’s emotion.Similar to A Dream of Red Mansions ,the novel Tianxiang has created a pure and lovely kingdom of females,which is,however,different from Grand View Garden.This has shown the creative spirit and progressive awareness in the new time.There are some flaws while she absorbs the classic art.The writer’s artistic personality and hobbies have kept her from drawing artistic essence from Ming and Qing novels.This,to some extent,has led to the loss of the artistic shock power which she should have deserved.%王安忆长篇小说《天香》深受明清小说的影响,堪称回归古典的一次凯旋。她善于以古典小说中的人物故事为媒触借以升华出奇思妙想,创造出新颖独特的情境氛围;她以典雅秀丽的文笔写市井俗情,个中透出的是人间情感的温暖与芬芳。《天香》如同《红楼梦》创造了清纯可爱的女儿国,却又有别于大观园,彰显出新时期的创造精神和进取意识。在借鉴古典小说艺术的同时,亦存在某些缺失。作者的艺术个性和癖好制约了对明清小说的艺术精髓的大胆汲取,一定程度上失去了应有的思想艺术震撼力。

  10. 现实情怀与文体“探险”——王蒙短篇小说论%A Study of Wang Meng' s Short Stories

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段崇轩

    2012-01-01

    As an "evergreen" in the contemporary literary circles, Wang Meng has stuck to an intellectual's feelings of heeding reality and being concerned about the nation and the people, having explored various artistic forms and techniques of fiction and striven to get his ideas and emotions across to readers effectively. Having written short stories for over five decades, he has undergone four changes in his stream-of-consciousness and from the essay-style allegorical writing to th art of short story writing--from realism to e new-note style writing, thereby having contributed numerous and variegated short story masterpieces to the Chinese literary circles. Moreover, his probe into the short story style has not only given a direct impetus to the innovation of his novellas and novels but also simultaneously facilitated the development of Chinese novels as a whole.%王蒙是当代文坛上的一棵“常青树”。他坚守着知识分子关注现实、忧国忧民的情怀,探索着小说的种种艺术形式和手法,努力使自己的思想感情更有效地传达给广大读者。他的短篇小说创作长达五十多年,经历了从现实主义的创作方法到意识流的表现形式,从杂文式的讽喻笔法到新笔记文体的四次艺术变革,为中国文坛奉献了众多的千姿百态的短篇小说杰作。短篇小说文体的探索,又直接促成了他的中长篇小说创新,同时又推动了整个中国小说的发展。

  11. 王为兰治疗强直性脊柱炎学术思想及代表方药%Wang Weilan′s Academic Idea on the Treatment of Ankylosing Spondylitis and the Representative Formulas

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王玉明

    2014-01-01

    王为兰根据30余年的临床实践总结出:强直性脊柱炎(ankylosing spondylitis,AS)病位在肾督;先天禀赋不足,后天失养导致肾虚督空是AS病因之本。肾虚督空,邪自内生或外邪内侵,诸邪留滞督脉,不通则痛,肾虚督滞是关键病机。活动期病机为湿热毒邪阻络。肾虚精亏是本,督脉阻滞是标,病性为本虚标实。提出了“治疗AS扶正重于祛邪,扶正重在补肾,补肾重在补阴填精,祛邪重在通督”的学术观点。“益肾通督汤”“清热养阴除湿汤”是治疗AS的代表方药。%Byover30yearsclinicalpractice,thedistinguishedphysicianofChinesemedicine,Wang Weilan summarized:ankylosing spondylitis(AS)is localized in the kidney and the Governor Vessel.AS′s eti-ology is congenital deficiency and acquired malnutrition leading to kidney deficiency and emptiness of the Governor Vessel.On the basis of the etiology,the pathogens are produced internally or invaded from the out-side and remain in the Governor Vessel.As a result,the obstruction leads to pain.Kidney deficiency and the stagnation of the Governor Vessel are the key pathogenesis of the disease.In the active stage,damp heat and toxin blocking the collateral is the pathogenesis.Kidney essence deficiency is the primary,blockage in the Governor Vessel is the secondary and the nature of disease is the deficiency in the root cause and excess in the symptoms.Regarding the academic idea,the treatment of the disease should be eliminating the pathogen for strengthening the antipathogenic qi,tonifying the kidney for strengthening the antipathogenic qi,nourishing yin and filling up the essence for tonifying kidney and promoting the circulation of the Governor Vessel for e-liminating the pathogen.Yishen Tongdu Decoction and Qingre Yangyi Shuchi Decoction are the representative formulas in the treatment of AS.

  12. Distinctive suit and the common people--On Wang Zhi-pu’s drama"Bohai Princess"%个性鲜明雅俗共赏--评王治普大型话剧《渤海公主》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张放

    2013-01-01

    Bohai's history and culture is not only the crystallization of the wisdom of Heilongjiang people, is a bright pearl in the history of Chinese civilization, the drama"Mudanjiang playwright creation of Mr. Wang Zhipu Bohai Princess", with rich strokes, vivid characters and elegance of all art to reproduce a historical disputes in eighth Century twenty or thirty's Bohai country and the relationship with Tang Dynasty. This drama not only has the bright Bohai culture and personality, but also suit and the common people, the viewer can feel the drama and the Bohai culture and the unique artistic charm, to promote the culture of Bohai, and make more people understand the splendid time unique civilization made a praiseworthy for one's excellent to conduct attempt.%渤海国的历史文化不仅是黑龙江人民智慧的结晶,更是中华文明史上一颗璀璨的明珠,由牡丹江剧作家王治普先生创作的大型话剧《渤海公主》,用丰富的笔触,鲜明的人物特色以及雅俗共赏的艺术品位再现了公元八世纪二三十年代渤海国与唐朝关系的一段历史纠葛。这部话剧不仅具有鲜明的渤海文化个性,而且雅俗共赏,使观者在“看得懂”的同时更能感受到话剧以及渤海文化独特的艺术魅力,为普及渤海文化,让更多人了解那一段灿烂其时的独特文明做了一次难能可贵的尝试。

  13. Wang Anyi′s Narration Being Infatuated with Bodies%试论王安忆小说的身体迷恋叙事--以“三恋”为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙祥华

    2015-01-01

    The body is an attractive image in Wang Anyi′s works,at the same time,she is also the first bold writing of female writers in the new period of Chinese literature,she tried to break through the restricted area - sex, to uncover the body veiled by the Chinese traditional Confucianism culture,the 50 - 70s revolution,the political culture,and express the passion praises to the original instinctive desire,which was highly obvious in her Three Loves. In Wang′s works,the advocate of people′s original instinctive desire is the backwash of the grand narrative background of an individual vacancy,she looked through the body′s secrets and dug out people′s secret - - - the human nature. This article attempts to analyze Wang′s deep love to the body narrative in her Three Loves from the a-wakening consciousness of the body,the body carnival and the spirit.%“身体”在王安忆的作品中是一个引人注目的意象,同时她也是新时期文学中,第一个大胆写性的女作家,她敢于突围性禁区,揭开中国传统礼教文化以及50-70年代革命、政治文化对身体的遮蔽,抒发了对生命原欲的激情礼赞,这突出表现在她的“三恋”中。在王安忆的笔下,个性化生命原欲的张扬,是对宏大叙事背景下个体缺位的反拨,她通过探求身体的秘密进而发掘出人的秘密、人性的秘密。从身体意识的觉醒、行而下肉体的狂欢、行而上精神的找寻三方面,浅析王安忆“三恋”对身体的迷恋叙事。

  14. On the Health-keeping Thoughts of Wang Chuanshan Based on the View of Five Elements Theory%五行学说视阈下王船山养生体育思想探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建新; 杜红政

    2016-01-01

    研究目的:在五行学说的视域下,对王船山养生体育思想的内涵及意义进行分析,从而探寻出其健康效益,为现代养身体育的发展提供参考。研究方法:文献资料法、逻辑分析法。结果与结论:通过“气化论、动静论、主动论”为线索牵引出“以理导欲”的养生体育法则,运用五行养生将四者有机结合探寻出独特的动静、养气、理欲等养生体育思想,旨在为现代人构建养生体育思想,进而在体育和生活中养成健康的意识和行为习惯。%Aims of the study: On the view of Five Elements Theory, analyzing the connotation and the significance of Wang Chuanshan’s idea which is health-keeping sports so as to explore the benefits of health and providing a reference for the development of modern health-keeping sports. Methods of the study: literature analysis, logical analysis. Results and conclusions:base on gasification theory static and dynamic theory, Initiative theory which lead to the health-keeping sport way -using the principle to guide lust, combined with four aspects by apply five element health-keeping theory, so as to explore the unique of health-keeping sport thoughts about activity and quietness, raising spirit, principle and lust. The aim is to build a health-keeping sport theory for modern people, and then develop people’s health awareness and behavior habits in sports and life.

  15. Wang Yinglin’s Poetics:Textual Features and its Significance in the History of Poetics%王应麟诗论的文本特征及其诗学史意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋寅

    2014-01-01

    While generally recognized as a preeminent philologist , Wang Yinglin also distinguished him-self in literary studies and is particularly known for his philology-informed approaches in the study of literary works.Though poetics is not his specialty , his critical practice demonstrates the prevailing trend of poetry criti-cism of Southern Song Dynasty , which, with its emphasis on the source study of words and allusions , is of the category of broad intertextual inquiry .Wang’s unique contribution to poetics lies in the fact that he has not on-ly provided correct texts and proper interpretation of figures of speech but also offered new understanding of some issues in literary history since as a man of great erudition , he is quick to discern similarities in ancient and contemporary poetic creations .His poetics is elucidated in his book Kunxue Jiwen and has exerted a pro -found influence on poetry criticism of later generations and particularly inspired the poetics of Qing Dynasty .%以文献考据名世的王应麟在文学研究方面也有一定的成就,尤其值得注意的是以文献学治文学的倾向。相对词科之学而言,诗学在他并非专门之学,但仍显示出南宋诗歌批评的时尚,即注重由追溯语词、典故的出处来治诗学,属于广义的互文性研究。而王应麟的独到之处,不仅涉及保证文本正确和理解修辞,还在于凭藉博学发现古今诗歌创作的相似性,从而对一些文学现象提出独到的见解。其论诗方式通过《困学纪闻》一书对后世的诗歌批评尤其是清代诗话产生了不容忽视的影响。

  16. 成也萧何,败也萧何--王熙凤对宝黛“木石前盟”态度的嬗变始末%Story about Why Wang Xifeng Changes her Attitude toward‘the Marriage Commitment’ between Jia Baoyu and Lin Daiyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志尧

    2014-01-01

    王熙凤本来是“木石前盟”的支持者,兹因林黛玉心事过重,身体每况愈下,终遭贾母的遗弃。王熙凤秉承贾母的旨意,见风使舵,转而赞成“金玉良姻”。在贾母李代桃僵的授意下,竟生出偷梁换柱的“掉包计”,可谓“成也萧何,败也萧何”,最终成为宝黛婚姻悲剧的制造者之一,给历代读者造成了无限的喟叹。%Lin Daiyu is abandoned by Grandma Jia and not allowed to marry Jia Baoyu because of her deteriorated health and anxiety laden mind. Wang Xifeng, who once was a supporter of the Marriage Commitment between Jia Baoyu and Lin Daiyu, now follows the will of Grandma Jia and changes her mind to endorse the arranged marriage between Jia Baoyu and Xue Baochai. Under Grandma Jia’s suggestion, Wang Xifeng comes up with a secret plan that helps the Jia family surreptitiously substitute Xue Baochai for Lin Daiyu at Jia Baoyu’s wedding, bringing the love between Jia Baoyu and Lin Daiyu to a tragic end,which never ceases to plunge readers into deep emotions. In this sense, Wang Xifeng herself was nothing short of an ‘accomplice’ in the conspiracy against Jia Baoyu and Lin Daiyu.

  17. Is "Youth and Politics" Really Against Wang Yunsheng's Will?%《青年与政治》真的是“违心之作”吗?——兼论王芸生与蒋介石、孔祥熙之关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞凡

    2012-01-01

    Wang Yunsheng posted "Support Xiuming Political Case" in Ta Kung Pao on December 22, 1941, triggering the student movement. Wang introduced a jarring note by posting "Youth and polities" on January 22 the next year, giving rise to doubts. It has long been considered that Wang wrote this article under the pressure of Chen Pu-lei. After the study of the "Chiang Kai-shek Archives" in the Academia Historica of Taipei, the article suggests that this view seems to be wrong, and further argues that Wang wrote this article to correct the fake news of Ta Kung Pao, and that Wang's performance in this incident was a result of the complex relations between Chiang Kai-shek, Kung Xiangxi and him.%1941年12月22日,王芸生在《大公报》发表社评《拥护修明政治案》,引发了大后方学潮。次年1月22日,王又在《大公报》发表社评《青年与政治》,话锋全转,引起各方质疑。长期以来,人们皆以为此文是王在陈布雷压力下的违心之作,但经笔者对台北“国史馆”所藏“蒋介石档案”中有关材料的研究发现,此说似系不确,此文应系王与《大公报》对此“飞机洋狗事件”误报进行纠正的正常步骤之一,而王的表现,则似应是他与蒋、孔等之间复杂的关系及其对当时政府的态度所致。

  18. A Famous Textual Critic & the Respected Man in Luodai --A Brief Introduction of Historical Linguist Wang Shumin%校雠名家 洛带乡贤——历史语言学家王叔岷先生事略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡开全

    2012-01-01

    In his early years, Wang Shumin was taught by Fu Sinian and Tang Yongtong, and stayed in the History and Language Institute of Academia Sinica until 1948 when he moved to Taiwan together with the Institute. Mr. Wang taught in universities in Taiwan, Singapore, and Malaysia respectively, with his publications of Collation of the Historical Records and Collation & Interpretation of Zhuang Zi and so on. With the gradual interest of the Mainland academic, cultural circles in Wang Shumin~ academic achi published in 2007 Collection of Wang Shumin Works, thirty copies o evements, f 19 kinds Zhonghua Book Company in Beijing in total, and a separate issue of his memoir. He returned home in the Mainland for tourism in 1992, was granted the cultural award by the Executive Yuan of Taiwan in 2000, started keeping a long stay in the Mainland from 2002, and died at his eldest son~ home at Longquanyi, Chengdu in August 2008.%王叔岷先生早年师从傅斯年、汤用彤,并留在中央研究院历史语言研究所工作,1948年随史语所迁台。先生先后在台大,新加坡、马来西亚等大学教书,著述有《史记料证》《庄子校诠》等。王叔岷先生学术成就开始引起大陆学界、文化界的关注,2007年北京中华书局计划陆续出版《王叔岷著作集》,共十九种三十册,另有回忆录《幕庐忆往》单独发行。先生1992年往返大陆旅游,2000年获台湾行政院文化奖,2002年开始长住大陆,2008年8月仙逝于龙泉驿区其长子家中。

  19. Study on the Species Diversity of an Endemic Plant Populus shanxiensis C.Wang et Tung in China%中国特有植物青毛杨群落物种多样性特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙东辉; 郭东罡; 上官铁梁; 王振军

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]The aim was to study the species diversity of Populus shanxiensis C. Wang et Tung community in Heicha Mountain of Shanxi Province. [ Method] Through plot investigation by using quadrat method, the characteristics of species diversity of P. Shanxiensis was studied based on richness index (N0), Simpson' s index (λ), Shannon- Weiner' s index (H1) and evenness indices (E1, E5). [ Result] The species diversity index of P. Shanxiensis not only depended on the species composition of communities,but also was closely related to the important values of species. The order of species richness index and diversity index at different layers of P. Shanxiensis community was herb layer > shrub layer > tree layer;there was positive correlation between richness index and diversity index,but the change trend of evenness index was different from that of richness index and diversity index,and negative correlation between evenness index and dominance. [Conclusion]The current growth and growth environment of P. Shanxiensis were studied in the paper,so as to lay theoretical foundation for the protection of this endangered species and provide references for the research on endangered species in the future.%[目的]研究山西黑茶山青毛杨群落物种多样性.[方法]采用样方法进行样地调查,依据重要值指标,应用丰富度指数(N0)、Simpson指数(λ)、Shannon-Weiner指数(H′)和均匀度指数(E1和E5)进行分析研究.[结果]青毛杨群落物种多样性指数不仅取决于群落的种类组成,而且与种间的重要值配置有密切关系.青毛杨群落内各层物种丰富度指数和多样性指数的大小为草本层>灌木层>乔木层;丰富度指数与多样性指数呈正相关关系,而群落均匀度指数的变化与丰富度指数和多样性指数的变化趋势有所不同,且均匀度与优势度呈负相关关系.[结论]进一步了解和认识了青毛杨的生长现状及生长环境,从而为保护这一濒危物种

  20. 个人选择与历史际遇--王炳照求学经历的叙事研究%Personal Choices VS Historic Opportunities---The Narrative Research on Wang Bingzhao's Study Experience

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周慧梅

    2016-01-01

    The period from 1941 to 1965 witnessed the tremendous changes in Chinese society. The educa-tional transforms under the impact of historic changes inevitably exerted influences of the era on numerous students,especially those students from rural families. Wang Bingzhao,the professor of Beijing Normal Universi-ty,is from the rural area of the southern Hebei province. His study experience is typical for researchers to review the issue of personal choices versus historic opportunities. The study reviewed the material of oral history and his-torical archives,investigated the history of his study,and finally came to the conclusion with insightful findings. The findings are as follows:the strong wish to change one's fate and“to outlook on the world through reading”are the internal motivations for him to insist on study;the parental attitudes are influential factors affecting the length of his study;preferential policy to support the academic pursuit of students from rural area after the foun-ding of new China is the external support;his own characteristic features such as diligence,curiousness and re-spectfulness lay a solid foundation for him to pursue his study continuously.%1941年至1965年,中国社会历经了翻天覆地的变化,历史洪流夹持下的教育变革,给身处其中的莘莘学子打上深深时代烙印,而对农家子弟出身的尤为明显。北京师范大学王炳照先生出身冀南农村,其求学经历颇具代表性。以口述史和历史档案为史料,对其求学(从启蒙到北京师范大学第一届教育史研究班毕业,1941-1965)进行历史探究,结果发现:对自己命运强烈改变愿望,“想看看书里面描述的世界”是促进其坚持求学的内在动力;家长态度直接影响着农家子弟读书时限;新中国成立后,“教育对工农开门”、强调出身等教育政策的倾斜,为出身农家的学生求学提供了外在政策支持;勤勉好学、敬学乐

  1. Discussion about the Effect of Wang Chuanshan's Theory of the Unity of Knowing and Doing to Mao Zedong's Practical Theory%论王船山的知行统一观对毛泽东实践论的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴先发; 陈益元

    2012-01-01

      王船山的知行统一观是中国哲学史上认识论发展的一座里程碑,对中国近代知行观的形成和发展产生了深远的影响。在此基础上,我们探讨其对毛泽东实践论的理论建构的影响以及其在中国革命实践和建设中的具体运用的影响,这对于弘扬传统文化,促使马克思主义在中国化的进程中得以发展,具有重要的意义和作用。%  Wang Chuanshan's conception of unity of knowing is the epistemological development of a milestone in the history of Chinese philosophy, on the formation and development of Chinese modern theory of knowing has had a far-reaching impact. On this basis, we explore its impact on theory of Mao Zedong's practice, on the inheritance and transcendence of Wang Chuanshan's view of unity of knowing, as well as its application in practice of the Chinese revolution and construction impact, which is carrying forward the traditional culture, is in the process of development of Marxism in China, is of great significance and role.

  2. London Olympic Games Men's Singles Final Technology Comparative Analysis --Analysis of Technical Characteristics of Wang Hao's " Three Silver Medal Winner " in the Olympic Games%2012年伦敦奥运会乒乓球男单决赛技术对比分析——王皓奥运“三连亚”技术特点

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟庆祥; 敬继红; 王冬慧

    2012-01-01

    三段分析法经常被用于小球比赛领域,运用乒乓球“三段分析法”等,对王皓、张继科在伦敦奥运会乒乓球男单决赛中各项技战术进行统计,分析他们在发球抢攻段、接发球抢攻段和相持段的技战术运用特点,找出其优势和不足,为进一步提高我国男子乒乓球运动员的技战术水平提供参考。分析王皓连着三届奥运会都是奥运亚军的原因。%It uses the " three sections of analysis" method, which is often used in the ball game field, to do the statistics of the various tactics of the Zhang Ji - ke, Wang Hao in London Olympic table tennis men's singles final, analyse their tactics using characteristics in serve attacking section, receiving attacking section and the stalemate section, to find out their advantages and disadvantages. It is for the purpose to provide the reference for further improving our level of skill and tactics of the male table tennis players and analyse the reason of that Wang Hao only got the silver medal in the consecutive Olympic Games.

  3. Talking about the Rising Road of China Soccer---An Interview with Professor Wang Jin of Kennesaw State University in USA%论中国足球崛起之道--美国K ennesaw State University 王晋教授访谈录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石岩; 王冰

    2014-01-01

    As a visiting scholar at Kennesaw State University in October 2013 ,I interviewed Prof .Wang Jin ,my collabora-tive advisor ,for discussing the various topics of China soccer development .Prof .Wang Jin received professional soccer training during the period of his early adulthood in the Zhejiang Province of China .His expertise is in the areas of sport psychology and motor learning and he is a recognized sports psychologist with the deep knowledge in soccer .I had a chance to interview Prof .Wang Jin to learn his perspectives in China soccer such as the contributing factors to soccer performance , youth soccer movement ,reaction-time training ,mental training ,the potential reasons for the gap between practice and competition performances ,the winning formula of Anson Dorrance’s coaching principles for the U .S .Women’s National Team ,the effective play styles of China soccer ,the impact of foreign coaches and players in China ,the current issues and new visions of the development of Chinese professional soccer ,and the recommended strategies of China soccer .Prof . Wang Jin carefully responded all of my questions and he was able to integrate theory to practice for providing the insightful perspectives of the China soccer development .The aforementioned topics were from micro to macro ,from a single idea to overall operation ,from practice to competition ,and from technical issue to management system .I believe that Prof .Wang Jin’s interview presentation would stimulate and inspire our Chinese soccer professionals who could join our discussions and formulate the new national strategies of advancing our soccer performance .Needless to say ,soccer is the sport Chinese people love dearly and is also the sport that attracts the largest audience at the worldwide scope .%2013年10月,利用在美国Kennesaw State University 访学的机会,我对合作导师王晋教授进行了一次有关中国足球话题的学术访谈。王晋教授早年在国内接受

  4. Wang Bao Dongxiaofu and ritual system construction during Han Xuan Emperor reign%王褒《洞箫赋》与汉宣帝时期的礼乐建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王学军

    2013-01-01

    In the period of the rule of emperor Han Zhao, Liyue declined, because Huo Guang was ignorant and incompetent, and the stagnant ritual system ruined. Poetry and Fu declined together with Liyue. Unlike the period of Emperor Zhao, Han Emperor committed to Hing Lile, Lile of the Shengyuan Sheng Zhao Di period. The Han Xuan Dixing Lile realpolitik need for consolidating political power, consciously Seized with the line policy. Washback to highlight the imperial power exists, reconstruction sidelined two decades emperor authority. To promote silence for a long Cifu Creation XuanDi the carved out the the Cifu size of the other, certainly in the form“Debates welcome into righteousness wind encyclical for the endowed.”Ode“in the historical context of the Xuan Dixing Lile, Wang Bao Xiao Fu” was originally named “Xiao Chung, trying to discover the meaning of dongxiao Lile appliances, Katy, United Sidley describe righteousness linked the blending, encyclical the purpose of righteousness wind, conferred for itself is also the Gagaku activities in Xuan Dixing integral part. Xiao Fu” focus on the elucidation of the Confucian Gagaku connotation connected with the“Book of Music”musical thinking, stressed Dehua and bamboo made flute to aggregate ceremony with blind deceiving music Xiaoyin moral attributes, flute music enlightenment effect chaos resigned as part of the expression of the Confucian emphasis on “comfortably middle way, the music is not prostitution Xi” the Confucian of the Gagaku Deyin qualitative and beauty.%  汉昭帝时期礼乐衰微,执政的霍光“不学亡术,暗于大理”,礼制建设停滞,同时霍光致力于与民休息,而礼乐之兴为耗资不菲的不急之务,自然不为其所重。于礼乐衰微相应,汉昭帝时期诗赋创作也同步衰落。与昭帝时期不同,汉宣帝致力于兴礼乐,礼乐之盛远胜昭帝时期。汉宣帝兴礼乐主要是出于巩固政权的现实政治需要,有意

  5. Angle of Feeling and Taste in the Research of Chinese Aesthetics: Analysis of Wang Wensheng' s the History of Chinese Aesthetics%中国美学研究的“情味”视角——王文生《中国美学史》论析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张坤

    2011-01-01

    王文生的《中国美学史》以古典文学作品及理论著述为研究范围、以中国文论中的“情味”为核心研究对象,它展示的不仅是情味理论发展的历史,还是历代文学作品情味变迁的历史。王文生细致爬梳一手资料,力避陈说、独立思考,孜孜不倦地探寻中国美学原味,他以实际做法例证了真正的“比较诗学”精神——“在总体比较中发展各自的特点,吸取彼此有益的经验以丰富发展各自的美学思想”,其著作扎实厚重、视角独特,树立了中国美学史研究的新路标,具有重要的学术意义和方法论价值。%Wang Wensheng' s masterpiece the History of Chinese Aesthetics ranges from classical literature works to theory writings with feeling and taste in Chinese literary theory. The book shows us a history not only of the theory development of feeling and taste, but also of the changes of feeling and taste in literary works of past dynasties. Avoiding the clich6 and thinking independently, Wang Wensheng read and analyzed primary data meticulously. He made all the unwearied efforts to seek the original taste of Chinese aesthetics. Professor Wang' s practice is an example illustrating the true spirit of comparative poetics. This spirit is revealing each other' s characters from comparing, and absorbing helpful experience to enrich and develop each aesthetic thought. Wang Wensheng' s work is massive, steady and has individual angle of view, which has set up the new signpost of the research of Chinese aesthetics. Hence the book has important academic meanings and methodology value.

  6. Separate Annotation on Wang Yangming's Theories of GeWu and Zhizhi——Centering on the book of 《ChuanXiLu》%王阳明"格物""致知"说分疏——以《传习录》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘荣

    2015-01-01

    王阳明从自身的生命体验出发,其对"格物致知"说的阐释颇具革命性,不仅突破了程朱理学的解释框架,而且因此发扬和深化了心学一途的学思脉络. 与朱子相比,王阳明对"格物致知"的训释的反动体现在:将朱子训物为客观物质实体与人类道德行为二义窄化为道德事为,物成了心之物,并且相应地穷理被局限于体认天理或良知,即格心. 与此同时,所谓致知,仅仅变成了克除私欲,发明本心或使天理流行充塞,最终导致了贯通心与物、心与理,心外无物,心外无理. 王阳明与朱子学说分道扬镳,但也因此以简易直接的方式宣告了自己心学理论的特色,并成为心学的集大成者.%On the basis of his own life experience, Wang Yangming embraced a revolutionary explanation on "GeWuZhiZhi", which was not only a breakthrough in the philosophical framework of Zhuxi and Chengyi, but also widened and deepened the philosophi-cal thread of XinXue. In comparison to Zhuxi, Wang Yangming had four features in the interpretation of "GeWuZhiZhi":(1) narrow the interpretation of Wu from objective and physical things and human ethical acts into human ethical acts;(2)investigating the princi-ples (Qiongli)is confined to experience the utmost principle Tianli or Liangzhi;(3)Zhizhi therefore is a kind of act of getting rid of selfish desires and revealing the utmost principle ;(4)channel Xin(heart-mind)and Wu(things),Xin and Li. Eventually, Wang Yangming and Zhuzi went their separate ways, but the former thereafter announced his own theoretical characteristics and became the most successful achiever of Xinxue.

  7. 从戴望舒诗歌中的女性形象看其诗歌创作心理--以《雨巷》为例兼谈其他诗歌%The Poetry Creation Psychology of Dai Wang-shu from the Female Images in his Poems-Taking Rain Lane as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王怀昭

    2014-01-01

    The lilac girl in Dai Wang-shu’s Rain Lane has multiple meanings:it is the symbol of the melancholy, the embodiment of poet's political ideal and hope, and the self portrait of poet;the creation of image is influenced by Chinese and Western poetry. In addition, the other female characters in Dai Wang-shu’s poetry are lover’s silhouette in the poet's heart. They reflect the abstract worship of women. Investigating its reason, the cultural psychology of female images creation in Dai Wang-shu's poetry are as follows. Firstly, they are affected by the personality liberation and individualism of May Fourth. Secondly, they are the explicit manifestation of femininity in men's soul. Thirdly, they are the potential influences of the modern intellectuals who can't get rid of the mental habits and traditional culture of group consciousness.%戴望舒的《雨巷》中“丁香姑娘”具有多重内涵:既象征愁怨,也是诗人政治理想和希望的化身,还是诗人的自画像;其意象的创造受中西诗学的影响。此外,戴望舒其他诗歌中的女性形象既是诗人心中恋人的剪影,也体现了对女性的抽象崇拜。究其原因,戴望舒诗歌女性形象创造的文化心理为:首先受到五四个性解放思潮和个体本位思想的影响,其次是男人心灵深处女性气质的外显,再次是现代知识分子无法摆脱群体意识的精神习惯和传统文化的潜在影响。

  8. 汉诗英译的经验功能视角——以《送元二使安西》及其五种译文为例%Comments on English Translation of Chinese Poetry from the Experiential Perspective——Comparative Analysis of a Poem by Wang Wei and Its Five English Versions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    占慧芳

    2011-01-01

    从系统功能语法的观点出发,对唐朝诗人王维《送元二使安西》及其五种译文进行及物性分析,以探求一种较为客观的诗歌翻译评价标准,同时证实该理论在诗歌翻译研究中的可操作性和实用性。%From the perspective of Systemic-Functional Grammar,transitivity is introduced to the analysis of a poem by Wang Wei and its five English versions,with the aims at seeking for a relatively objective criterion for poetry translation and confirming the applicability of the theory in poetry translation research.

  9. 茫然失措中的无根焦虑--论王小帅的“三线”情结%The Rootless Anxiety in a Loss:On WANG Xiao-shuai’ s Complex of “San-xian” Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李小雨

    2016-01-01

    王小帅的电影总是热衷于个人记忆的历史书写,从2005年的《青红》、2014年的《我11》到引发争议的《闯入者》,其明显的自传色彩更是强化了三部电影的相似性。其叙事资源和创作灵感无不来自于他早年的“三线”生活经验,三部电影分别从少年、青年和老年的视角将我们引入那段不为人知的年代里。在失去故乡的无根焦虑中,王小帅试图用三部电影追寻其自己的归属感,以及将那段尘封的历史展示在观众面前。%WANG Xiao-shuai’ s films have been always keen on historical writing of the individual memory as demonstrated in these three movie Shanghai Dreams (2005), 11 Flowers (2014) and the controversial Red Amnesia whose autobiographic account strengthened their similarity.Taking the materials and inspirations from his early life ex-perience of “San-xian” construction, these three films lead people into than unknown history from the perspective of an adolescent, young and old narrator respectively.In the rootless anxiety for the lost homeland, WANG Xiao-shuai attempts to seek for his own sense of belonging and uncover that dust-laden history before the audience.

  10. From "Innate Knowledge as Original Substance of Sage" to "Everthing-as-one":Comments on Wang Yangming's concept of sage%从“心之良知是谓圣”到“万物一体”--小议王阳明的圣人观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛勇民; 赵宁

    2015-01-01

    从“心之良知是谓圣”到“万物一体”,体现了王阳明圣人观的两个核心。“心之良知是谓圣”回答了“成圣何以可能”的问题;“万物一体”则进一步指出了圣人必然要达到的精神境界。王阳明赋予了每个人以成圣的可能,大大提升了普通人成圣的信心,体现出人性平等的思想。但作为儒者的圣人,并不是与日常百姓等同,而是应当履行儒者的社会责任,将一体之仁施行于天下。%"Innate knowledge as original substance of sage" and "everthing-as-one" are two cores of Wang Yangming's concept of sage. "Innate knowledge as orginal substance of sage" answers the question why to be a sage is possible. "Everthing-as-one" represents the ultimate spiritual realm of a sage. Wang Yangming greatly strengthens the common people's conviction to be a sage by giving everyone possibilities and spreads the sense that everyone's nature is equal. But as an ideal sage of Confucian rather than ordinary people should undertake great the responsibiliy to extend the love, which takes the world as one family.

  11. 王夫之礼以化民成俗与乐以移易性情的礼乐教化思想%On Wang Fu-zhi's Thought of Etiquette and Music Education of Influencing People and Forming Moral Customs by Etiquette and Changing Temperament by Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈力祥

    2012-01-01

    Wang Fu-zhi has a very profound concept of etiquette and musical education. In the aspect of moral civilization educa- tion, he advocated returning to the original root, namely, taking etiquette and musical education as its original root. He thought that people's volitional quality can not be changed without the building of the etiquette and musical education. In specif- ic words, etiquette education can influence people and form moral customs and etiquette can make people constraint themselves and the musical education can change people's temperament. Therefore, it is not difficult to advocate education of etiquette and music. Wang Fu-zhi has realized his moral education's returning to the original root and innovation by the thought of etiquette and musical education.%王夫之有着深厚的礼乐教化理念,在道德文明的教化方面他力主返本:即以礼乐教化为本,认为礼乐之教不立则无以移民之志。具体言之,礼教能化民成俗之大、以礼约民则莫之禁而自禁;乐教以移易人之性情。因之,立礼乐为教之本则推广无难。王夫之以礼乐之教为本,实现了道德教化的返本与开新。

  12. Born Humble but Famous for Poems Self-taught Bel-esprit Wang Zun in Tang Dynasty%“拔身卑污,奋誉文苑”——自修成才的唐才子汪遵研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晖

    2012-01-01

    Since there has been few records or documentaries on Poet Wang Zun in the late "Fang Dynasty, much discussion about him has arisen. His name, birth place and his resume are different in different records or documentaries, and some of his poems were wrongly named with other people's name, which has Caused much confusion. Through the analysis of reviews, this article explores Wang Zun's age, date of birth, the number of his poems that have still existed and analyses his history commenting poems so as to distinguish right from wrong.%晚唐诗人汪遵,因两唐书无传,以致后来诸方典籍对其的记载,呈现出纷争与混乱,连其姓、名、籍贯等一般简历的记录都参差不一;其现存的部分诗作,亦被张冠李戴地记在了别人名下。造成汪遵履历的真假难辨。在广搜文献资料基础上,沙中淘金,逐一驳讹返正,正本清源。对汪遵登料的年龄,予以钩沉;对其出生的年份,予以推定;对其诗歌的现存数目,予以梳理;对其特殊的精华“咏史”诗章,予以一一赏析。力争还原其完整的唐才子形象。同时坚守实事求是,对暂时无法辨明的史实,绝不妄加定论。

  13. The Textual Research on the Relationship among the Biography of Wang Shi, the Stories of Stone Sun Li in Song Dynasty, and the Water Margin%《青琐高议·王实传》与宋话本“石头孙立”、《水浒传》关系考辨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱仰东

    2011-01-01

    The story of Sun Li occupies an important position in the Water Margin. As early as in Song Dynasty, there existed the colloquial story of Sun Li. As the story text was lost, it was impossible to verify. Through the contrast of the stories of Sun Li described in the Biography of Wang Shi, in the Incidents in the period of Xuanhe of Song Dynasty, and in the Water Margin, through the text screening, and the analysis of folk diffusion, it can be inferred, as a system of story, there were some links between the Biography of Wang Shi and the Story of Stone Sun Li in Song Dynasty, and they can be regarded as a part of the source of the Water Margin stories and they have a close relation to the Water Margin.%孙立故事在水浒故事中具有重要地位。早在宋代就有了关于孙立的话本,由于文本佚失,其内容已不可考。将《青琐高议·王实传》与《大宋宣和遗事》、《水浒传》中有关孙立的情节进行比对,经过文本甄别、民间传承分析,推理认为,作为一个故事系统,《青琐高议·王实传》中孙立故事与宋话本“石头孙立”存在着一定的联系,可视为水浒故事源流的一部分,与《水浒传》关系密切。

  14. 从《汉书》看王莽用《书》及促进《书》学发展的举措%Research on the Using of Shangshu and the Measures Promoting the Development of Shangshu by Wang Mang according to Hanshu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵文元

    2014-01-01

    It can be concluded through searching and reviewing the relevant literature in Hanshu that the using of Shangshu by Wang Mang can be analyzed from making nominal rectification and potential for himself based on Shangshu,formulating and administrating policies according to Shangshu and making political commentaries by quoting Shangshu.A series of measures had been taken when Wang Mang was in office to promote the development of the studies on Shangshu, which include the measures to determine the wedding ceremony system through the textual research on Five Classics;to construct school buildings , to increase the number of doctors of Confucian , to recruite Confucian scholars ,and seek advice from all sides;to recommend teachers to the crown prince;to venerate great Confucian scholars , and set educational officers;to prescribe etiquettes and music , and conform them to Six Classics.%通过对《汉书》中相关文献的检索,王莽用《书》包括依《书》正名、造势,依《书》布政、施政,引《书》议事等方面。王莽辅政、当政期间,也采取了一些促进《书》学发展的举措:考论《五经》,定娶礼;筑学舍,增博士,征经士,集群说;为太子置师友;尊儒者,立学官;制礼作乐,讲合《六经》等。

  15. “文学史研究打通关”的学术意义兼及“王辉斌研究模式”的形成%Academic Significance of Literature Study Throughout the History The formation of Wang Huibin,s research mode

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴振华

    2016-01-01

    “Literature study throughout history” conducted by Wang Huibin is not only involved in “unit literature” between dynasties but also the categories among various literatures, hence characterizing in comprehensiveness and diversification. The concept of “Studying literature throughout history” put forward by Wang Huibin and his successful practice open up a new pattern and mode of researching literary history for the academic circles, which bear marvelous academic tolerance and atmosphere. Although his research mode is difficult to copy, it can profoundly enlighten and encourage the academic circles.%王辉斌先生的“文学史研究打通关”,不仅限涉于朝代与朝代之间“单元文学”的打通关,而且也在各种文学品类之间打通关,因而具有纵横相关、多元互为的特点。王辉斌先生对“打通关”的提出与在实践方面的成功,为学界开创了一种新的文学史研究格局与新的研究范式,因而具有恢宏的学术气度与学术气象。“王辉斌研究模式”虽然是难以复制的,但却能给人以深刻启迪,并于学界以激励。

  16. 复合的异色--论王文兴《背海的人》的小说艺术%Compound of Realism and Symbolism-On the Novel Art of Wang Wenxing ’ s A Person Who Turns His Back to the Sea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李欣池

    2016-01-01

    Wang Wenxing ’ s masterpiece A Person Who Turns His Back to the Sea is seemingly an extremely personal modernist novel .Actually it is a combination of realism and symbolism .The novel shows us a world as a collection of contradiction , revealing the complexity of human nature , taking into serious consideration religion , space, time and other metaphysical proposition .Wang Wenxing made a parody and deconstruction of literature tradition and classical text , deconstructed their divinity , showing modernist conscious-ness of rebel .He mixed sublime and serious tragedy with comedy in one text , developing a unique modern aesthetics with complex meaning .%王文兴的力作《背海的人》表面上是一个极端个人化的现代主义文本,实则兼有写实与象征的双重内涵,展示了作为多种矛盾集合体的世界,揭示了人性的复杂,深刻思考了宗教、宇宙、时间、存在意义等形而上学命题。王文兴对文学传统和经典文本进行戏仿与解构,瓦解了它们身上的神性,显示出反叛的现代主义意识,将悲剧的崇高、严肃与沉重,喜剧的插科打诨、荒诞无稽集合在一个文本之中,发展出独特的极具复义性的现代主义美学。

  17. 优秀羽毛球女单选手李雪芮、王仪涵发球与接发球技战术特征比较研究%Comparative study on serve and receive technique and tactics of world elite badminton players LI Xue-rui and WANG Yi-han

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王珽珽

    2015-01-01

    The methods of literature material,information technology,mathematical statistics and comparative analysis are employed to analyze the serve and receive technical and tactical statistics of LI Xue -rui and WANG Yi -han in the 2014 Inchon Asian Games.The results showed that 1 )as for the serve tactics,the service quality of both is quite high,most serve placement are net ball in the No.1 ,2 and 3 region,followed by clear in No.8 and 9 region, and last is light ball in No.7 area.2 )Concerning service technology,LI mainly adopted a position with the lofty ball as a supplement to disrupt the opponent's rhythm effect.WANG mainly served net ball to effectively judge each other and seek a route for the next shot,ready for the back ball.3)With reference to return of serve tactics,both LI and WANG have certain regularity and preference of regional placement in return,mainly dominated by the front short with backcourt lob.Rub the ball serving and pick the ball accounted for a very important part of LI, and compared with LI, WANG on the one hand rub on the ball to attack the organization,and on the other hand,shot to suppress the other end and take the initiative to attack.4)For receiving technology,LI and WANG have relatively large differences in the change of receiving.LI focused on the forehand and backhand twist on the ball,while WANG focused on the forehand shot and pick the ball and the ball backhand.%采用文献资料、信息技术、数理统计、比较分析等方法,对李雪芮和王仪涵参加2014年仁川亚运会比赛的发球与接发球技术和战术进行统计与分析,为我国优秀羽毛球女单选手在以后的比赛中的战技术运用中提供一些参考。研究结果发现:1)发球的战术上,李雪芮和王仪涵两位优秀选手的发球质量都相当高,发球落点的选择在1、2、3号区域的网前小球比重最大,其次是8、9号区域后场平高球,最后是7号区域的平射球。2)发球的技术上

  18. The idea of external and internal cultivation-Compare Wu-Cheng’s“knowledge and behavior”with Wang-Yangming’s“the unity of knowledge and action”%合内外之道-吴澄的“知行兼赅”与王阳明的“知行合一”比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴立群

    2016-01-01

    The theory of knowing and doing plays a significant role in Chinese traditional philosophy.The central thesis of it is“character”and “natural law”.Will it be possible to be sanctified,and how to be sanctified has been the focus-set of this theory.Accordingly,the resulting questions of knowing and doing closely connect to the temperament theory and the theory of Ontology.Both Wu Cheng and Wang Yang-ming’s theory begin with the theory of knowing and do-ing.Wu-Cheng’s investigation of things and extension of knowledge was mainly focusing on the lack of Zhu Xi’s study by emphasizing the strength of Lu school to cover the shortage of Zhu Xi’s theory,and illustrating the unity of external and internal cultivation by taking the idea as its premise.Wang Yang-ming pointed out that Zhu Xi misunderstood the theory of knowing and doing because he put the reason and mind second,and in the point of view of“the mind is princi-ple”,the theory of knowing and doing was neither internal nor external.They both had similar views on explaining the theory of knowing and doing.As to knowing,Wu-Cheng regarded the innate mind as knowing.He also believed that knowing only came from practice.Wu Cheng promoted the theory of knowledge and behavior after analyzing the theory of knowing and doing in the aspect of“enlightenment is investigation,practice is truth”.But Wang Yang-ming claimed that knowing and doing and Ontology were inseparable from one another.First he explained that“knowing without doingis nothing”,and he further theorized that “knowing is practice”.Then he explained how knowing and doing came up with the unity based on the dynamic process of knowing-doing-knowing.In Wang Yang-ming’s opinion,the unity of knowledge and action was a dynamic process.From self-knowledge to things-in-itself,the unity of knowing and action can be completed in the process of natural knowledge and actual knowledge.As to the relationship between know-ing and doing,Wu and

  19. The Connotation of the Theory of “The Unity of Knowledge and Action”by Wang Yangming and Its Practical Significance%王阳明“知行合一”论的内涵及其现实意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴光

    2015-01-01

    The Study of Yangming is a science of conscience that bases the moral conscience on the virtue,“the unity of knowledge and action”as the practice and usefulness of the acquired knowledge for the state gov-ernance as the learning purpose.The study is also known as Yangming Study of Heart or Yangming Study of Con-science,which is of great and realistic significance for the development of current society.First,it is helpful to the construction of social governance modal of the unity of theory and practice,to the establishment of a correct outlook on development,on justice and interest and on performance concept.Secondly,it is helpful to anti -corruption initiatives,integrity and honesty in governance.Finally,it promotes “unity of knowledge and prac-tice”which is beneficial to the “formation of human and culture”.President Xi Jinping pays special attention to Wang Yangming’s doctrine,especially to his view on “the unity of knowledge and action”.When he was atten-ding a discussion with some teachers and students at Academy of Chinese Culture in Guizhou University,he spoke highly of Wang Yangming and Yangming school of thought.He asked the teachers and students to find out more of his thought,to organize,promote and apply his view of “the unity of knowledge and action”thought and make it play a major role in achieving the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.He encouraged young students to study Wang Yangming thoughts and wisdom seriously,to develop themselves into qualified personnel,to continue to improve themselves,to remove the weaknesses for perfection,and never stop on the way of ad-vancement.%阳明学是以良知为德性本体,以“知行合一”为实践工夫,以经世致用为为学目的的良知之学,又称阳明心学或阳明良知学,对当今社会的发展具有重要的现实意义:第一,有助于建立理论与实践相统一的社会治理模式,树立正确的发展观、义利观与政绩观;第二,

  20. 论王安石“善恶由习”人性论的理论渊源及其内容%On the Theoretical Origins and Contents of Wang Anshi's Theory of Human Nature on the Good and Evil Emerged from the Habit and Custom

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    欧阳辉纯

    2012-01-01

    Traditional ethical thinking theory of human nature provided theoretical basis for Wang Anshi' s. The theory of human nature in traditional ethical thinking history is mainly as follows, that is, the theory advanced by Mencius that human nature is good from birth, the theory put forward by Xunzi that human nature is evil from birth, the theory put forward by Sh- ishuo that human nature is both good and evil from birth, the Sanpin theory advanced by Dong Zhongshu, the theory put for-ward by Yangxiong that human nature is mixed goodness and evilness, and the Sanpin theory of disposition advanced by Hanyu. Wang Anshi's theory of human nature on the good and evil emerged from the habit and custom originates from critical-ly drawing on the results of previous theory of human nature. It is to the traditional theory of human nature to inject new mean-ing, to open up new realm, and thus it has an important position in traditional ethical thinking history in China.%传统人性论是王安石人性论形成的理论来源。传统伦理思想史上的人性论主要有孟子的性善论、告子的性无善无恶论、苟子的性恶论、世硕的性有善有恶论、董仲舒的性三品论、扬雄的性善恶混论和韩愈的性情三品说。王安石批判地吸收了前人的人性论成果,形成了他的“善恶由习”的人性论。他的人性论给传统人性论注入了新的内涵,开拓了新的境界,因而在中国伦理思想史上具有重要的地位。

  1. From Writing after Canons to Writing after True Feelings:Evolution of Wang Shizhen’s Literary Thoughts of “Nature”%从重“曹、韩遗迹”到“天厩万匹皆吾师”:王世贞“自然”思想探赜

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏宏远

    2014-01-01

    There is a great shift in Wang Shizhen’s ideas on literature. In his early years, he was zeal-ous for “restoration of ancient literary tradition” and advocated following the genre and style of great literary canons; however, in his late years, he emphasized writing according to one’s true feelings, which is manifested in his notion of nature. One key cause for his change is that he accepted Tan Yangzi’s ideas of “combination of three religions” and“heart being Buddha”. Under Tan’s influence, Wang began to pursue a tranquil and natural style of writing. The evolution of Wang’s literary thoughts actually reflects his emphasis on the importance of accumulation in literary creation:years of learning, due understanding and adequate practice precede accomplishments; writing according to one’s true feelings follows writing after the great masters.%从重“曹、韩遗迹”到“天厩万匹皆吾师”,是王世贞由重“字师”向重“心师”的一大转变,这一转变是通过对“自然”思想的提倡来进行的。王世贞“自然”思想的形成经历了漫长的过程:其早年热衷学习前人经典,以此获取创作灵感;晚年受昙阳子“三教合一”思想影响,摆脱了模写经典的程式化写作,弱化“秦汉”“盛唐”等取法对象,强调抒写真情,追求恬淡的创作风格。王世贞“自然”思想注重学习过程的积累,经由“苦思”“琢磨”再到“自得”,经由“师古”再到“师心”。

  2. Imagery’Game of Signifier and“Dystopian”Narrative Based on Wang Xiao-bo’s The Silver Age%意象的能指游戏与“反乌托邦”叙事--论王小波的《白银时代》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    付龙

    2015-01-01

    王小波在他的《白银时代》中把故事时间安排在未来,他按照完美乌托邦的逻辑建构了一个幻想世界,这个世界影射的是文革时期。他认为文革时期是一次乌托邦的实践,但在那个世界里充满了专制与极权,没有个人的自由,丧失了民族的生命力。王小波用各种沉重、压抑或狂欢的意象来表现对这种呆滞、刻板和专制生活的厌恶,对那种荒诞与愚昧世界的嘲讽。塑造这个荒诞的白银时代,凝结着他的反乌托邦的情结,那些充满能指意义的意象就是他最清醒的叙事策略。%In his The Silver Age ,Wang Xiao-bo places the story time in the future and in accordance with the logic of perfect utopia he constructs a fantasy world,which alludes to the Cultural Revolution peri-od.He thinks that the Cultural Revolution is a utopian practice,but in this world full of despotism and to-talitarianism,there is no individual freedom and the nation loses its vitality.Wang Xiao-bo uses a variety of heavy,depressive or orgiastic images to express his dislike of the dull,rigid and autocratic life,and sneer at that ridiculous and ignorant world.Shaping such an absurd silver age embodies his dystopian complex. Therefore,the images full of signified meanings are his very sober narrative strategies.

  3. Keeping Aspiration in Serenity and Keeping Wisdom in Uproar:On Undertaking and Constructing-Literature Collection by Wang Quangen%于寂寞处守志,于喧哗处守智--由《担当与建构--王泉根文论集》谈起

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丽

    2015-01-01

    《担当与建构———王泉根文论集》是我国第一位儿童文学博士生导师王泉根教授的代表性文论集。该文论集涉及了儿童文学的理论观念、发展思潮、系统工程等多个层面,充分展现了作者跋涉儿童文学领域三十年的“文化担当意识和学科建设思维”。全书既具学理深度与批判锋芒,又饱含生命激情与学术真诚,既是一部儿童文学研究发展史,也是一部儿童文学批评史,填补了我国儿童文学研究史的欠缺,促进了儿童文学学术品格与理论建构的深入。%Undertaking and Constructing—Literature Collection by Wang Quangen marks the representative literature collection by pro-fessor Wang Quangen who is entitled the first doctoral supervisor for children′s literature,involving the theoretical concept of children′s literature,trend of thoughts,systems engineering and the like,and showing the consciousness of cultural responsibility together with the thoughts of disciplinary construction in the past thirty years from the author.With strong academic depth and sharp criticism,and passion of life and academic sincerity,the collection is not only the research history of children′s literature but also the history of the criticism. It meets the need for the research lack of the history of children′s literature and promotes the depth of the academic integrity and theoret-ical construction.

  4. An Analysis of the Poetry Creative Flow Change of Xu Wei under the Influence of Wang Yangming’s Mind Philosophy%王阳明心学影响下的徐渭诗歌创作流向变化探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李丹

    2015-01-01

    Xu Wei of Ming Dynasty is a strange figure,his poetry creation show different characteristics in different periods under the influence of Wang Yangming’s mind philosophy.His early works mainly present on two aspects in the imitation and sculpted flow,a romantic youth image.In his middle works mainly present on three aspects:inheritance and innovation,the attention to social reality,exploration of the selfconsciousness of life;His terminal works mainly present on two aspects:the transcendence and development,self indulgence and Nature.%明代徐渭是一个奇特的人物,他的诗歌创作在王阳明心学影响下在各时期呈现不同特点。前期创作流向主要表现在模仿与雕琢,呈现浪漫青年才士形象;中期创作流向主要表现在继承与创新、对社会现实的关注、对自我生命意识的探索;晚期的创作流向主要表现在超越与发展、任情而自然。

  5. The Relationship between the Evolution of the Wei-Jin and Southern Dynasties Aristocracy and the Literary Creation---Taking Lu Ji,Wang Rong as Example%论魏晋南朝士族的演变与文学创作关系--以陆机、王融为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁琳

    2014-01-01

    Lu Ji and Wang Rong are two representative aristocracy writers in the Wei -Jin and Southern Dynasties , their literary status ,family tradition and personality temperament and life experience have similarities .But literary thought , creation on the content and style are quite different , Some of this was influenced by implicit in the aristocracy of evolution in different period of development . Through the comparative study of two people help to further explore the influence of the evolution of the Wei -Jin and Southern Dynas-ties aristocracy to the aristocracy writers ’ creation .%陆机和王融是魏晋南朝时期两位有代表性的士族文人,他们的文学地位、家世传统、人格性情和人生经历都有相似之处。但文学思想、创作内容和风格上却迥然不同,这其中受到了潜在的士族在不同时期的发展演变状况的影响。通过两人的对比研究有助于进一步探究魏晋南朝时期的士族演变史对士族文人创作的影响。

  6. 查检工具与研篆方法并臻——读王培林著《检篆释疑》%Check Tool and Petit Sigillaire Read Wang Pei-lin' Study Method All Achieve: Jianzhuan Shiyi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李开

    2011-01-01

    Wang Pei-lin' Jianzhuan Shiyi is a combinative reference book to consult and study. There are nine types of check functions. This book studies Petit Sigillaire, makes a discovery through conflict view, systemic view and identity law. Particularly noteworthy is that the book has a more systematic version for font specification. This book sheds light not only on Petit Sigillaire, but other runelikes study as well.%王培林《检篆释疑》是一部查考型和研究型相结合的工具书,该书有九种查检功能。书中运用矛盾观、系统论、同一律研究小篆文字并有所发现,尤其对字形的规范有较为系统的说法。该书不但对小篆,而且对其他古文字的研究有启发作用。

  7. Objective Art and Romantic Art ---A Comparison between Wang Dingjun’s“That Tree”and Guo Baokun’s The Silly Girl and the Odd Old Tree%客观艺术与浪漫艺术--王鼎钧《那树》和郭宝昆《傻姑娘和怪老树》之比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁燕丽

    2014-01-01

    对比台湾王鼎钧先生的《那树》和新加坡郭宝昆先生的《傻姑娘和怪老树》,我们发现浪漫艺术与客观艺术的微妙差异,浪漫艺术植基于个人的感受和思想,好像海洋表面的惊涛骇浪或波光潋滟;客观艺术根入亘古不移的海洋之心,不依个人的主观意志而波动,其所揭示的毋宁是“人之宿命”或“宇宙的法则”。%Through a comparison between the Taiwan writer Wang Dingjun’s“That Tree”and the Singapore writer Guo Baokun’s The Silly Girl and the Odd Old Tree, we can find the subtle difference between romantic art and objective art. The former, like the tempestuous or the sparkling waves on the surface of the sea, relies on the personal feelings and ideas, while the latter is rooted in the eternal heart of the ocean, unaffected by the subjective will and revealing human destiny or the laws of the universe.

  8. Circuitous Writing Strategy:Artistic Features of the Chinese-American Novelist Wang Ping’s American Visa%曲折迂回的写作策略——论华裔美国作家王屏短篇小说集《美国签证》的艺术特色

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘云春

    2011-01-01

    华裔美国女作家王屏是近年活跃于美国文坛的诗人和小说家。她的作品先后获得多个美国艺术奖和图书奖。她的第1部短篇小说集以半自传的方式,描写了一个中国家庭的生活以及年轻女性的成长经历。小说用英语写作,却大量地引入中文俗语,在母族文化和主流体制下进行妥协与迂回,从而形成了独特的艺术特色。%Wang Ping is an active Chinese-American writer in recent years.As a poet and novelist,she won several American awards and Art Book Awards.Her first collection of short stories describes a Chinese family life and the upbringing of a young women in a semi-autobiographical way.The novel is written in English,but she introduces lots of Chinese sayings and featured terms.With this kind of circuitous narrative,her story appears a unique artistic features between the native culture and dominant culture.

  9. The Writers' Concept of the World Literature in the 80's---Take Mo Yan, Kitajima, Wang Anyi and etc. as an Example%80年代作家的世界文学观念--以莫言、北岛、王安忆等作家为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹帅

    2015-01-01

    伴随改革开放的步伐,趁着国门大开的契机,大量的西方文学理论和文学作品蜂拥而至,给长期处于沉重桎梏的中国文坛注入了生机。光怪陆离的西方文学理论赋予80年代的中国作家创作的自由和丰富的灵感,他们本能地延续了五四新文学时期的惯性,产生了朦胧的世界文学意识。%With the pace of reform and opening up a lot of western literature and literary theory has injected vitality to the Chinese literary world. The bizarre western literary theory gave Chinese writers of the 80's freedom and inspiration. They instinctively continued the new literature during the period of the May Fourth Movement and had a hazy awareness of world literature. This paper selects several representative writers in the 80's, including Nobel prize winner Mo Yan, hazy poet Kitajima and feminist writer Wang Anyi, analyzes the writers' concept of world literature in the 80's, and expects to find a reasonable way of placing the national literature into the world literature.

  10. Exercise is Medicine:The New Idea of Sports Health Promotion--- -Academic Interview of Prof .Wang Zhengzhen%运动是良医(Exercise is Medicine):运动促进健康的新理念--王正珍教授学术访谈录

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪波; 黄晖明; 杨宁

    2015-01-01

    With the development of science and technology ,the transformation of life style and physical activity insufficiency are re‐ceiving growing attention in China .Professor Wang Zhengzhen talked about the relationships between physical activity and health , sedentary and chronic diseases .She put forward“exercise is medicine” on the multidisciplinary analysis with combination of sports and medicine .She insisted that the research methods of sports should be extended from the methods of epidemiology .The arguments will influence on the study of human kinetic science ,physical activity ,and health promotion .%面对科技进步、社会发展带来的生活方式转型与体力活动不足的现实困境,王正珍教授从医体结合有利于促进全民健身的视角入手,畅谈了体力活动与健康的关联、静坐少动与慢性疾病的关系、运动是良医(Exercise is Medicine)的理念、以及流行病学对体育科研的方法学启示等方面的内容,其相关论点对今后运动人体学科发展及体力活动与健康促进领域研究具有指导价值。

  11. 浅论孙诒让《札迻·素问王冰注校》的校勘特点%Brief Discussion on SUN Yi-rang ’ s Collation Characteristics in ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙庆炜

    2016-01-01

    SUN Yi-rang’ s ZHA YI SU WEN WANG BING ZHU JIAO played an important role in history of SU WEN’ s collation. The purpose of this paper was to sum up the characteristics of collation, that is learning widely from others' strong points, picking up the es-sence, quoting and seeking broad-mind, detailed examination and resolution, striving for realism rigorously, believing in doubt, inves-tigating the hidden mysteries of things, analysis of small things and mysteries, exploring traceability, studying comprehensively.%在《素问》的校勘史上,孙诒让的《札迻·素问王冰注校》占有十分重要的地位。将其校勘特点总结为“博采众长、撷其精英,引征广博、详审细辨,严谨求实、信守存疑,探幽索隐、析微阐奥,循流溯源、综合考辨”。

  12. The Origins of "Exchange Indexing" and "Reindexing" --With a Study of Wang Chongmin' s Jiao Chou Tong Yi Tong Jie%“互著”、“别裁”起源时间考辨——读王重民先生《校雠通义通解》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李景文

    2012-01-01

    In regard to the origins of two bibliographic methods "exchange indexing" and "" reindexing'", there always exists many bifurcations. This paper intends to tease out the opinions existent in the academic circles, put special emphasis on anatomizing the inductions and analysis of Wang Chongmin in his book Jiao Chou Tong Yi Tong Jie, check and discern the historical context in which "exchange indexing" and "reindexing" came into being, and indicate the viewpoint that "exchange indexing" and "reindexing" originate from Lin Xin is unassailable.%指出关于“互著”、“别裁”这两种文献著录方法的起源问题,历来就有诸多分歧。梳理学界现存的种种观点,尤其是剖析王重民先生在《校雠通义通解》中的归纳与分析,考辨“互著”、“别裁”产生的历史背景,并指出两者起源于刘歆的观点是不容置疑的。

  13. Retraction RETRACTION of "Methylation of the RASSFIA promoter in breast cancer" by Y. Ji, H.H. Jin, M.D. Wang, W.X. Cao, J.L. Bao - Genet. Mol. Res. 15 (2): gmr.15028261 (2016) - DOI: 10.4238/gmr.15028261.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Y; Jin, H H; Wang, M D; Cao, W X; Bao, J L

    2016-10-07

    The retracted article is: Ji Y, Jin HH, Wang MD, Cao WX, et al. (2016). Methylation of the RASSFIA promoter in breast cancer. Genet. Mol. Res. 15: gmr.15028261. There are significant parts of this article (particularly, in the discussion section) that are copied from "Methylation of HIN-1, RASSF1A, RIL and CDH13 in breast cancer is associated with clinical characteristics, but only RASSF1A methylation is associated with outcome", by Jia Xu, Priya B Shetty, Weiwei Feng, Carol Chenault, Robert C Bast Jr, Jean-Pierre J Issa, Susan G Hilsenbeck and Yinhua Yu, published in BMC Cancer 2012; 12: 243. DOI: 10.1186/1471-2407-12-243. The first paragraphs of both discussions are identical. This is concerning. The abstract and introduction sections have much of their text plagiarized. Overall, there is high plagiarism detected. The GMR editorial staff was alerted and after a thorough investigation, we have strong reason to believe that the peer review process was failure and, after review and contacting the authors, the editors of Genetics and Molecular Research decided to retract the article in accordance with the recommendations of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The authors and their institutions were advised of this serious breach of ethics.

  14. 身份焦虑与文化认同——论王童“历史三部曲”对台湾文化身份的呈现%As Anxiety and Cultural Identity --On the Presentation of Cultural Identity for Taiwan in terms of Wang Tong' s "Historical Trilogy"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林吉安

    2012-01-01

    Since the era of Japanese occupation, the people of Taiwan has been plagued by an identity cri- sis. At the same time, the artists, as the social conscience, consciously or unconsciously express their thoughts and attitudes in the film. As one of the important directors among, the Taiwan New Cinema move- ment, Wang Tong expresses his deep reflection on the loss of identity, main anxiety and cultural identity in his famous "Historical Trilogy" ("Scarecrow", "Banana Paradise" and "Silent Hill").%自日据时期以来,身份认同危机一直困扰着台湾民众,而作为有社会良知的电影艺术家们自然会自觉或不自觉地在影片创作中表达自己的思考和立场。作为台湾新电影运动的重要导演之一。王童在其著名的“历史三部曲”(《稻草人》、《香蕉天堂》和《无言的山丘》)中即表达了他对台湾身份迷失、主体焦虑与文化认同的深切反思。

  15. "述事则如其口出"还是"如其出口",亦或"如出其口"?—王国维"戏曲意境"说的美学意涵新探%"Tell Story as Mouth Out" , "Tell Story from Mouth" or "Tell Story like Talking"—A New Explore of the Aesthetic Implications of Wang Guowei's"Ideorealm of Drama"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雪松

    2015-01-01

    王国维在其《宋元戏曲史》中引入"意境"来探讨元曲之美,并以"写情则沁人心脾,写景则在人耳目,述事则如其口出"来概括元剧之文章"有意境"的特征.其中"述事则如其口出"一句常常被错误引用成"述事则如出其口"或者"述事则如其出口",所以容易对王国维的"戏曲意境"说错误地阐释."述事则如其口出"的引入是王国维"戏曲意境"同"诗词意境"不同的关键.实际上,王国维在"戏曲意境"说中引入"述事"多受尼采悲剧理论的影响,里面贯穿的是尼采的酒神、日神精神,而元杂剧也正是以这种悲剧精神为源动力,以"意兴所至"为创作法则,才得以构建"有意境"的作品世界.%Wang Guowei takes "Ideorealm" in his The History of Chinese Drama in Song-Yuan Dynasty to disscuss about the beauty of Yuanqu, and he thinks that "Write mood is refreshing, write scenery like in the eyes and ears, tell story as mouth out" is the characteristics of Yuanqu. But"tell story as its mouth out"is always referencing to be "tell story from mouth" or "tell story like talking" by mistake, so Wang Guowei's "Ideorealm of Drama" is always being misunderstood. In fact, Wang Guowei's "Ideorealm of Drama" is affected by Nietzsche, full of his wine and lavinia spirits. Yuan drama's power is the tragedy spirit, and is written from heart, so they can build a state of drama.

  16. A Study on the Historic Development Process of the Official Position "Caofu" in the Ming Dynasty——Focusing on Wang Hong(王竑)%明代漕抚创制史迹考略——以王竑为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡克诚

    2015-01-01

    The development process of the official position "Caofu" centered around Wang Hong included two lines: the first one is the change from the fact that only military officers held the position in full charge of the canal transportation, which was called Zongcao since the Yongle's reign to the fact that both civil and military officers were in charge of it; the second one is that the imperial inspector named as Xunfu, which was appointed by the court to be in charge of South Zhili and the north part of Changjiang called Jiangbei, became a part time position held by the civil Zongcao. The historical scholars since the Ming and Qing dynasties usually paid their attention on the former one and thus ignored the latter, which resulted not only the confusion about their concepts and time order, but also the negligence to the historic fact that the administrative system in south Zhili and Jiangbei were constantly adjusted and then tended to be steady. The real meaning of the establishment of Caofu system was that the grain transportation from the south to the north and the strengthening of the administration in south Zhili and Jiangbei were taken care of at the same time. Besides, during the seven years between Wang Hong's first position as Zongcao and his second one, although no one took the position of the civil Caofu, its power was actually partly divided and shifted, which meant that the Duyushi in charge of the grain reserves in Nanjing took over the duty to supervise the warehouse grain in the local Fu, Zhou and the stored grains in the military Weisuo and that the duty to manage the canal river bank and to defend Huan'an was again shifted to the military officer in charge of the canal transportation.%以王竑为中心的明代漕抚创制过程,实际包含两条线索轨迹:一是由永乐以来的单一武职总漕,演变为文武双轨制;二是由宣德以来对南直隶江北派设的巡抚,演变为由文官总漕的兼职.明清以来史家多关注前者(

  17. Restudy on the Illegitimacy of the Criminal Protection for Fictitious Property——an Argument with Ph.D. WANG Zhi -xiang%再论虚拟财产刑事保护的不当性——与王志祥博士商榷

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯国云

    2012-01-01

    Doctor WANG Zhi -xiang published a paper in the Northern Legal Science (No. 4, 2010) , named "On the Legitimacy of the Criminal Proteetion for Fictitious Property". In this paper, he put forth a systemic debate and criticism on my journal paper, published in the Journal of Chines People' s Public Securi- ty University ( Social Sciences Edition) ( No. 3, 2008), named "On the Illegitimacy of Criminal Protection for Fictitious Property--Let the Fictitious Property Stay in Fictitious Spaee". In order to avoid arousing misunder- standing and to enhance the sound development of online game industries, this paper aims to restate my opin- ions on fictitious property. The classification between fictitious things and fictitious property is not scientific, since both the game providers and players are subjects of fictitious property. So the fictitious property is not objective or real, with no actual effects in the real world. Besides the fictitious property is not scare resource and cannot be exchanged in the real world. Moreover, games are for fun rather than for work, so being part of the game software, fictitious property should not be charged with money. The transaction of fictitious property with eurrencies is against the rules of value and value exchange. Such transaction is illegal for interrupting the financial order and to protect the fictitious property will cause serious harm to the society. Therefore, this pa- per reiterates that the fictitious property should stay in fictitious space forever. These statements are ready for arguments with Doctor WANG.%王志祥博士发表在《北方法学》20l0年第4期上的《论虚拟财产刑事保护的正当性——与侯国云教授商榷》一文,对笔者发表在《中国人民公安大学学报(社会科学版)))2008年第3期上的《论网络虚拟财产刑事保护的不当性——让虚拟财产永远待在虚拟世界》进行了系统的辩论和批评。为避免对读者

  18. Proven Cases of Professor Wang Sumei in Treating Pediatric Heart and Liver Diseases with Modified Mengshi Guntan Decoction%王素梅教授运用加味礞石滚痰汤治疗小儿心肝系疾病验案举隅

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王雅璇; 卫利; 王素梅

    2016-01-01

    礞石滚痰丸是临床上治疗各种实热老痰证和各种顽痰怪证的常用验方.王素梅教授结合小儿脾常不足、易生痰湿,体禀纯阳、痰易热化之特点.结合痰湿、痰浊易于蒙蔽心神,痰热极易生风动阳之病机转化的特点,化裁礞石滚痰丸为加味礞石滚痰汤,临床治疗小儿自闭症、注意力缺陷多动障碍及多发性抽动症等儿科心肝系疾病,在临床上取得了很好的疗效.%Mengshi Guntan Pill has been proved to be an empirical formula in treating various excessive phlegm -heat syndromes as well as complex symptoms due to long-term phlegm in clinical practice .With physiological features of children , deficiency in spleen often generates dampness and accumulates phlegm with children ′s pure-yang constitution and tendency of having phlegm-heat syndrome .Combined with the pathogenesis that phlegm dampness and turbid phlegm tends to disturb heart and mind and ex -cessive phlegm-heat will generate wind , Professor Wang Sumei used modified Mengshi Guntan Pill and applied it to treat certain pediatric heart and liver diseases , such as autism , attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ( ADHD) and tourette syndrome ( TS) , which has achieved good clinical therapeutic effects .

  19. The Enlightenment of the Non-rationality in Wang Yangming’s Philosophy of Mind on the Ethic Education%王阳明心学思想中非理性之维对德育的理念启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛丽丽

    2014-01-01

    在传统德育乃至现代的形式化德育当中,程朱理学占据着非常重要的地位,其侧重点在于理性至上,强调理性对于个体单向的塑造,从而导致理性愈来愈成为异己的、强制的力量。而王阳明心学在不忽视理性的前提下,给予了非理性因素应有的地位和重视,落实到德育领域,非理性之维更是实现道德有效性的途径之一,这在一定程度上为今天的德育提供了理念上的启示。%In the traditional ethic education and modern formalized ethic education, the Neo-confucianism occupies a very important position with its emphasis on rational supremacy, that is, the one-way shaping of rationalism for individuals. As a result, the rationality becomes more and more alien, coercive and forceful. In the premise of not ignoring the rationality, Wang Yangming’s philosophy of mind gives the important status and attention to the non-rational factors. Implemented in the ethic education, non-rationality is one of the effective ways to realize the moral validity, which to some extent provides the enlightenment for the ethic education.

  20. 乡土中国的恒与变--《呼兰河传》与《小鲍庄》的对照解读%Comparison Between Xiaohong's The Tales Of Hulan River and Wang Yian's Little VillageBao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩雄飞

    2014-01-01

    This paper made a comparison between the two selected representative works of two talented contemporary women writers XiaoHong and Wang Anyi .From the aspects of “the era of slavery”, the poetic construction of “local beauty”, the explora-tion of the different fates of “child brides” and the thought of death in literary works , the paper tries to explore some practical prob-lems as the “forever” and“changes” in rural life .Considering the dimension of time , and the “similarities” and“differences” of writers’ concerns, and based on the thorough analysis of the specific contents , the author wants to find the nature of spirit of rural works in modern and contemporary literature .%乡土大地历来是中国现当代作家创作不息的源泉,在这些以理性精神观照乡土社会的作家中,笔者选取了萧红的《呼兰河传》和王安忆的《小鲍庄》进行对照解读,以“坐稳了奴隶的时代”的乡村书写、“乡土美”的诗画建构、童养媳的不同命运和生命亮色的恒与逝四个方面为切入点,力图从时间维度探寻乡村社会的恒与变,作家关注点的同与异等现实问题,以对具体文本的拆解分析探讨现、当代文学中乡土叙事的精神内涵。

  1. Space Environment:the Main Expression of the Spirit of the Metaphor——On the Construction of Wang Xiaobo Ideological Content of Works of Space%空间环境:主体精神的隐喻表达——论王小波作品空间建构的思想内涵

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张川平

    2012-01-01

    Space is a metaphor for the spirit of the main building is the expression of criticism of the Chinese culture Wang Xiaobo "neglect of personal dignity," "lack of public spirit" of the state,and in the novel highlights the text in the main space of the strong squeezing and confinement characteristics,it forces the main spirit of compromise to the environment,the formation of weak,subservient,Tolerance,in the collapse to the extreme conservative groups such as character,inherent in the space environment through the cultural metaphor of symptom analysis,pointed out that main space breakthrough of key is spirit style of relief.%空间建构是主体精神的隐喻表达,王小波批判了中国文化中"忽视个人尊严"、"缺乏公共精神"的弊端,并在小说文本中突出了空间对主体的强力挤压和禁锢的特点,它迫使主体精神风貌向环境妥协,形成柔弱、屈从、隐忍、向里塌缩等极端保守的群体性格,通过对空间环境所蕴含的文化隐喻的症候分析,指出主体空间突围的关键在于精神风貌的解困。

  2. A Discussion on the Theme of Wang Zengqiˊs Short Story "The Qili Teahouse" and its Performance%论汪曾祺短篇小说《七里茶坊》的主题及其表现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯凌

    2015-01-01

    The short story of "The Qili Teahouse",by Wang Zengqi,is set under the poverty of northern China in the early 1960ˊs Great Famine. It describes the life experience of "me",who along with three peasant-workers shovel feces in the QIli Teahouse Town while living in the traveling inn. The characters in the story work diligently and help each other despite of the hardship,showcasing sparks of goodwill and warmth in the personalities of some average people. The story also exhibits the authorˊs optimism beyond his personal honor and disgrace,with a subtle criticism and introspection towards the absurdity of the reality. The short story enduringly discloses its unique aesthetic value in the mainstream of contemporary literature.%汪曾祺的短篇小说《七里茶坊》描写了1960年代初大饥荒背景下的北方苦寒之地,“我”带领三个农民工来到七里茶坊镇上掏粪,居住在骡马大店的一段日子里,一起生活、劳动以及彼此的交流和见闻。小说中人物面对生活的困境而努力工作相互帮助,展现出平民百姓人性中的美好与温暖,也表现了作者超越个人荣辱而乐天通达的心态,并于不动声色中完成了对荒谬现实的批判与反思。于当时文坛创作主流之外,小说历久弥新地显示出其独特的艺术审美价值。

  3. Gao Gong "Retaliation" Question Discrimination——Since by Wang Shizhen "Jiajing auxiliary biography Gao Gong Biography" is a center%丑诋与厚诬:高拱“报复”问题辨析——以王世贞《嘉靖以来首辅传·高拱传》为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    岳天雷

    2011-01-01

    明代嘉、隆时期政治家和改革家高拱的"报复"问题,可谓由来已久。追根溯源,这一问题盖出自王世贞《嘉靖以来首辅传》之《高拱传》。该传作为高拱逝世后最早的一篇传记,多半篇幅叙述他倾轧同僚,报复朝官,排斥异己,贪赃纳贿等,从而使高拱背负"报复"恶名,并对其后史家修撰的多篇《高拱传》及其现今史学界也产生了严重负面影响。澄清这一问题,对如实评价高拱的政治品格和道德操守具有重要意义。%The Ming Dynasty statesman and the reformer Gao Gong "the retaliation" the question,as if has become the conclusion in the history educational world,however this does not tally with the historical fact.Gets to the bottom,since this question has stemmed from Wang Shizhen most early "Jiajing an Auxiliary Biography""Gao Gong Biography".Not only,therefore should the biography cause Gao Gong to shoulder repairs resentful,nurses a grudge "the retaliation" the evil reputation,moreover many which composes to the Ming and Qing Dynasties historian "Gao Gong Biography" and the nowadays history educational world has had the serious negative influence.Discriminates this question,is helpful in makes to Gao Gong political moral character and the moral personal integrity conforms to the historical evidence appraisal.

  4. From Planning To Achieve Tangible Results——The Wang Mang Township Agricultural Eco-Tourism Park Project Conceptual Planning and Practice%从策划走向策动——王莽乡农业生态观光园的概念规划与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈超; 田露; 马智远

    2012-01-01

    With the development of sightseeing agricultural,there springing up the construction of Agricultural EcoTourism Park in most parts of China.This peper takes the Wang Mang Township Agricultural Eco-Tourism Park project as an example.In the beginning of the project planning,through research and analysis, through the integration of multiple favourable factors,combined with the positioning characteristics of the development mode,the project plan to guide development planning,let resource advantages into full play and make rational use,and in the planning and design,follow the prominent features of sustainable development and the principle of geographical,as far as possible the original style of the environment,as far as possible to maintain the original appearance of the environment,maximize the use of status quo to the benefit of local people.%随着观光型农业的发展,我国大部分地区兴起了关于农业生态观光园的建设。本文以王莽乡农业生态观光园项目为例,通过对王莽乡多方有利因素的整合,结合特色发展模式及定位,在项目概念规划中制定特色鲜明的规划理念,以策划引导发展,以策划推动发展,使优势资源充分发挥并合理利用,并且在规划设计中,遵循可持续发展以及地域特征突出原则,尽可能保持原有风貌环境,最大化利用现状,从而造福当地百姓。

  5. 受虐的身体与受控的主体——论王小波小说的虐恋描写及其实质%Abused Body and Controlled Subject: On the SM Descriptions in Wang Xiaobo' s Novels and Their Essence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张川平

    2012-01-01

    While being saturated with such images and elements of SM as "binding" and "whipping", the works of Wang Xiaobo ( 1952 - 1997) do not take SM as their subject matter, but describe its participants and enthusiasts in a playful and carnival way, revealing how the pain and humiliation is forced by the abuser upon the abused in the real-world power relations. While such descriptions reflect the essence of "Sadism/ Masochism", the abused body corresponds to the controlled subject, and the dilemma of subjective construction is therefore presented from the special perspective of body narrative.%王小波的文学创作,充斥着“捆绑”和“鞭打”等诸般“虐恋”表象和形式要素,但却不是以表现“虐恋”为主旨的“色情作品”,而是以类似“虐恋”活动爱好者和参与者的游戏和狂欢的写作心态,揭示现实权力关系架构和运作中施暴一方强加于受害一方的肉体痛苦和精神屈辱,“虐恋”表象反映的是“施虐/受虐”实质,受虐的身体对应着受控的主体,因而从身体叙事这一特殊角度呈现出主体建构的困境。

  6. A Note of Environmental Geomorphologist WANG Shin from Taiwan ——Inspiration from His Works%记台湾杰出的环境地貌学家 ——王鑫教授和他的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施雅风

    2001-01-01

    The works of Wang Shin,a geomorphologist from Taiwan,haveillustrated a kind of model for our colleagues in Mainland China. He is a Professor of the Depattment of Geography,Envronment and Resources,National Taiwan University.He finished his Ph.D. program at Columbia University in New York City in 1973.He also spent some time at ITC,Holland,and University of Cambridge,UK. He is active in ressarch,public talks,writing popular guide books,preparing video programs,and advising govemment affaires.He is at the spearhead of many recently developed study fields,such as remote sensing,environmental impact studies,park interpretation,engineering gromorphology,environmental education and earth heritage conservation.He served as the president of the Chinese National Park Society and the Environmental Education Society for 8 years.And he was seconded to the Ministry of Education on Environmental Protection Affairs for 2 years. He wrote more than 15 books and 400 articles and ressarch reports.His contributions went to the people directly.He has maintained good services to the government affairs including national park management,nature conservation,environmental education,tourism,and sustainable development.His concem is not only science and education,but also love of the mother land.His works related to the quality of life of people.He makes geomorphology a science for daily life in other words,he is a good salesman of geomorphology.

  7. Maker Education:the Current Status,Problems and Future Developing Direction-An Interview with Mr.Wang Tongju,the Initiator of Zhichuang Space of Guangzhou Education Information Center%创客教育的现状、问题与未来发展方向--访广州市教育信息中心“智创空间”创始人王同聚老师

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭运庆

    2016-01-01

    Leaderette: In recent two years,maker education is springing up exuberantly in China and has gained a wide popularity among educators,almost appearing the phenomenon of all-people maker.Nowadays,how is the current developing status of maker education?What are the existing problems?How to make maker education and STEAM education perfectly integrate together?How to define the concept of maker education?What is the difference between maker education and informatization education?How is the developing tendency of maker education in the future?How to make maker education better?The journalist of this periodical makes an interview with Mr.Wang Tongju,the initiator of Zhichuang Space of Guangdong Education Information Center,and introduces a new thinking of maker education in development.

  8. 悲苦人生的纾解之途——从《红楼梦评论》看王国维对叔本华悲剧美学思想的“中国式”改造%The Way of Relief in Grievous Life——Analyzing Schopenhauer's aesthetics of Tragedy by Wang Guowei's transformation from Comments on a Dream of Red Mansions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李清

    2012-01-01

    本文以王国维对叔本华悲剧美学思想的继承和改造为例,从悲剧是人生苦痛的诗学、悲剧的效果是审美的解脱,以及揭示《红楼梦》的悲剧性质和独具的美学思想等三个层面对之进行分析和比较,可以看出王国维在大量接受叔本华悲剧美学思想影响的同时,又从中国传统文化思想出发对其作了"中国式"的改造与重构,这对尚处在中国现代美学启蒙时期的近代是难能可贵的,同时也为今天的美育教育、构建和谐社会提供了有益的借鉴。%This essay analyzes and compares the following three aspects by exemplifying the fact that Wang Guowei has inherited and transformed Schopenhauer's aesthetics of tragedy.Firstly,tragedy is an artistic expression of grievous life.Secondly,the effects of tragedy are a relief for aesthetic perception.Thirdly,a dream of Mansions has a tragic nature and possesses a unique aesthetic beauty.Hereby we can see that Wang Guowei has not only received lots of Schopenhauer's aesthetic ideas but also transformed and sublimated his own thoughts based upon traditional Chinese culture.His contributions to Aesthetics are very commendable during the modern period of enlightenment and even till today,we can draw on his experience with regard to aesthetic education and building a harmonious society.

  9. 论王蒙意识流小说的现实关怀与世俗化内涵--兼论“人文精神论争”中的世俗化精神%On Reality Concern and Secular Connotation in Wang Meng ′s Novels of Stream of Consciousness--Discussion on Secular Spirit in"Argument of Humanity Spirit"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勇

    2014-01-01

    王蒙在新时期之初的意识流小说属于“伤痕文学”,但他的意识流小说与“伤痕文学”的主流存在一定的距离,没有一般性地展示苦难和表达忠诚,而是通过对人物内心世界的刻画,表达了他对现实生活的关怀和世俗化理解。王蒙的意识流小说的这一精神意向在90年代的“人文精神论争”中得到了体现,他所肯定的世俗化潮流具有对一元化意识形态的消解意义,但却忽视了世俗化可能具有的消极影响。%Wang Meng′s novels of stream of consciousness in the beginning of the new period belongs to the scope of "Scar Literature".But there is certain deviation between his stream of consciousness novels and the mainstream of the "Scar Literature".There is no general display of suffering and expression of loyalty , but through the characterization of characters′inner world his caring and secular understanding about real life have been expressed.This spiritual intention in Wang Meng′s novels of stream of consciousness has been em-bodied in the 90′s "Argument of Humanity Spirit ".The secular trend he has affirmed in the debate has de-constructed Unified Ideology , but has ignored the possible negative effect of the secular trend .

  10. Wang Junyi's Deep Complex for Jade

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XinYuan

    2005-01-01

    Chinese people have apprecriated jade since remote antiquity, Jade represents the lofty spirit of humanity and carries Chinese people's expectation for happy life. In ancient times when tools were primitive, carving a beautiful jade required extraordinary talent and perseverance. Chinese emperors and poets wore beautiful jade wares as symbols for gentlemen. After emerald was introduced from Burma to China, its brilliant colors and crystal-clear quality fit for Chinese people's taste far beauty and has created a new fashion.

  11. Joint Density of States Calculation Employing Wang-Landau Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalyan, M. Suman; Bharath, R.; Sastry, V. S. S.; Murthy, K. P. N.

    2016-04-01

    Joint density of states (JDoS), which depends both on energy and another variable like order parameter provides more information than the conventional density of states (DoS) which depend only on energy. Calculation of JDoS requires huge computational time. In this paper we employ two level method to calculate JDoS which requires relatively much less computational time. We demonstrate this method on a two dimensional Ising spin system, lattice spin model of double strand DNA (dsDNA) and Heisenberg ferromagnet.

  12. Solutions to two problems of G.J.Wang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The problem as to whether the sub-T0 separation and complete regularity are invariant under homeomorphism is answered negatively.And,the problem of multiplicativity of the complete regularity in general L-fuzzy topological spaces is also answered negatively.

  13. Professor WANG Fu-chun's Experience in Treating Bi Conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Shu-fen; XIAO Yuan-chun

    2004-01-01

    @@ Bi condition can be categorized into five types according to the depth of pathogenic factors, namely skin Bi condition, vessel Bi condition, tendon Bi condition,muscle Bi condition and bone Bi condition. In TCM categorization, Bi condition is usually categorized in the light of the nature of the pathogenic factors such as wind, cold, dampness and heat.

  14. 落花之咏:陈宝琛王国维吴宓陈寅恪之心灵诗学%Poetry of Falling Flowers:Mental Poetics of Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi and Chen Yinke

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡晓明

    2014-01-01

    透过长达近百年的一组“落花诗”,挖掘近现代诗学一支深隐的心灵诗学谱系。即从陈宝琛到王国维、吴宓、陈寅恪,代代相传、自觉而灵心相通、有文化托命意识的一种精神传统。“落花之咏”成为认知的图式和抒情的背景,笼罩着众多繁杂深细的诗学书写。其中又隐藏着有关近现代诗与思、历史与政治、个人命运与家国大局、信仰与理性等论域的重大信息。在百年中国文学与文化的传统与变革大背景中,既属知识心灵的一种诗性记忆,亦不失为极富启示意义的一笔美学遗产。%Through poetry of falling flowers over the 100 years,explore a system of mental poetics in mod-ern times,which is a spiritual tradition from Chen Baochen,Wang Guowei,Wu Mi to Chen Yinke,with a consciousness of cultural task passing from generation to generation.“Poetry of falling flowers”becomes a cognitive schema and background to express feelings in many deep and detailed poetic writing,which covers important information on modern poetry and thinking,history and politics,personal fate and national situa-tion,belief and reason.In the 100 year background of Chinese literary and cultural traditions and transfor-mation,it is both a poetic memory of knowledge mind and significant aesthetic heritage.

  15. 对“没有晚清,何来‘五四’?”的质疑--评王德威《被压抑的现代性--晚清小说新论》%Comments on Wang Dewei’s“Repressed Modernity”in the Late Qing Dy nasty:“New Novel Theory”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白鹏

    2015-01-01

    Wang Dewei put the opinion “How there comes May 4th Movement without the late Qing Dynasty” in his Repressed Modernity in the Late Qing Dynasty :New Novel Theory , w hich has roused hot discussions .Considering his theory on modernity ,it has been found that there exists spatial and temporal context dislocation as far as the text itself is concerned ;from the aspect of literary modernity development ,there is double “misreading” of enlightenment and aesthetics of literature .It is unreasonable to come to the conclusion that late Qing Dynasty is prior or superior to the May 4th Movement just from the single literary type of late Qing Dynasty novels .The positioning and understanding of Chinese literary modernity can not rely on a kind of impulse and new idea ,but needs a rational manner to carry on the research and exploration .%王德威在《被压抑的现代性———晚清小说新论》中“没有晚清,何来‘五四’”的观点,引起了讨论的轰动。考察其“现代性”的理论,发现从文本叙述本身来看,存在着时空的语境“错位”;从文学现代性发展的链条来看,对文学的启蒙性和审美性有着双重“误读”,仅从晚清小说这一种文学类型就得出晚清“先于甚或超过‘五四’的开创性”显然是不合理的。对中国文学现代性的定位和理解不能仅靠一种冲动和新意,更需要的是以理性的态度进行研究和探索。

  16. Drug Use Thinking of Folk Famous Doctor Wang Quan in Treating Sore and Ulcer in Ming Danasty Based on Data Analysis%基于数据分析明代民间名医王拳治疗疮疡疾病用药思路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邢喜平; 李廷保

    2014-01-01

    目的:基于数据分析明《大河外科》中医药治疗外科疮疡疾病用药思路。方法:将明代名医王拳所撰《大河外科》中医药治疗外科疮疡疾病的方剂录入计算机,使用Microsoft Office Excel 2003软件,建立数据库,运用统计学方法统计分析其用药思路。结果:整理治疗外科疮疡疾病中药方剂72首,涉及中药161种,总用药次数为574次。结论:核心单味药依次为甘草、防风、川芎、当归、乳香、轻粉、桔梗、白芷、雄黄、赤芍药等;药类以解表药、清热药、补虚药、活血化瘀药、拔毒生肌药等为主。%Objective:To analyze drug use thinking of the treatment for sore and ulcer in DaHe WaiKe of Ming dynasty based on data analysis. Methods:The prescriptions against sore and ulcer for DaHe WaiKe written by fa-mous doctor Wang Quan in Ming dynasty were typed into the computer, database was established by using the soft-ware Microsoft Office Excell2003, and drug use thinking was analyzed with statistical method. Results: All 72 pieces of TCM prescription against sore and ulcer were collected, involved 161 kinds of herbs, and total frequency of drug use reached 574 times. Conclusion: Core herbs in proper order are GanCao (Glycyrrhiza uralensis Fisch), FangFeng [Aposhnikovia divaricata (Trucz.) Schischk.], ChuanXiong (Ligusticum chuanxiong hort), DangGui (An-gelica sinensis), RuXiang(Boswellia carteri.), calomel, JieGeng [Platycodon grandiflorus (Jacq.) A. DC.], BaiZhi [An-gelica dahurica (isch. ex Hoffm.) Benth. et Hook.], realgar, ChiShaoYao (Paeonia veitchii) and others;the drugs are mainly of relieving the exterior, clearing the heat, tonification, blood activating and stagnation removing, toxin-elim-inating and granulation-promoting.

  17. 五四“问题小说”中的家长形象--以冰心、庐隐、王统照、叶绍钧等为例%The Parental Image in the“Problem Novels”:with Special Reference to Bing Xin, Lu Yin, Ye Shaojun and Wang Tongzhao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔璨

    2014-01-01

    The“problem novels”during the May 4th Movement is an important trend in the history of Chinese modern literature. And research on it is a significant part of the history of Chinese modern fiction. During the period from the climax to the ebb of the May 4th Movement, such authors as Bing Xin, Lu Yin,Ye Shaojun and Wang Tongzhao, etc expressed their deep reflection on life and social issues through their“problem novels”creation. This paper takes the parental image in the“problem novels”as the point of departure, classifies the images into several specific types, and then carefully analyzes the parental image’s unique role and its cultural implication behind the“problem novels”. From this new perspective, the connotation and value in the“problem novels”can be better understood.%五四时期的“问题小说”是我国现代文学史上的重要潮流,是研究中国现代小说发展史的重要一环。在五四运动从高潮到落潮的这段时间,以冰心、庐隐、叶绍钧、王统照等为代表的“问题小说”作家通过其小说创作,表达了对人生问题和社会问题的深切思考。以五四“问题小说”中的家长形象为切入点,将小说中的家长形象进行了类型划分。在细致的文本分析中梳理和分析家长形象在五四“问题小说”中的独特作用及其背后的文化意蕴。透过这一新的视角能够更好地理解五四时期“问题小说”的内涵和价值。

  18. Dilemma and countermeasure of the revolutionary mobilization in the late Central Soviet:and the effect of Wang Ming “left” errors%中央苏区后期革命动员的困境与对策--兼论王明“左”倾错误对中央苏区革命动员的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王连花

    2015-01-01

    中央苏区后期,由于人力、财力和物力有限,加上以王明为代表的“左”倾中央无视苏区的实际困难,提出不切实际的动员目标,运用过于形式化的动员方式,采用“关门主义”的动员策略,实行过“左”的动员政策,致使中央苏区的革命动员工作陷入困境:部分农民抵制“扩红”运动,抗拒频繁的物资征用,抵触不断扩大的阶级斗争,甚至逃离苏区。为挽回革命动员的颓势,满足当时残酷的革命战争的需要,党和政府不得不启用更为强硬的高压政策和更为有力的激励政策,对民众实行再动员。%In the late Central Soviet, the revolutionary mobilization was trapped in dilemma due to the limited manpower, financial and material resources as well as views of the Left with Wang Ming as the representative who turned a blind eye to the practical difficulties in the Central Soviet area, proposed some unrealistic goals for mobilization, resorted to rigid means, employed “closed-door” strategy, and implemented the “left” policy. Such dilemma included some farmers’ resistance to the campaign of “expanding the Red,” to the frequent requisition of supplies, and to ever-increasing class conflicts and their fleeing from the Soviet as a result. To restore the revolutionary mobilization of the downturn and to meet the needs of the brutal revolutionary war of the time, the party and the government had to launch a tougher and more powerful coersion policy of incentives so as to remobilize people.

  19. Cultural Identity and Continuity of Taiwan's Genealogy towards Their Ancestral Land--Take Genealogy of Taiwan Wang and You as Examples%台湾族谱与祖籍地文化的对接交流--以台湾王游氏族谱为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾进兴; 施婧; 郑丽霞; 胡志超

    2013-01-01

    Large spectrum of Tibetan genealogy, with family lineage as center, recorded the origin of ancestral land, history of their entering Taiwan and cultivating land in Taiwan, their rise and fall of honor and blood and lineage of their family surname. These genealogies record the ancestors’ reason and process of immigration, reproduction and distribution of their family and their encounter and living conditions, etc., maintaining the spirit of cross-strait contact with mainland. The process of checking, copying and extending the genealogy shows the Taiwan families spared no efforts to trace their origin, highlighting special kinship of the continuation of the process of cultural inheritance relationship between Taiwan and mainland, showing strong tracing feelings and identification of mainland culture. Because the number of Taiwan genealogies reach over 10,000. Therefore, Wang You's genealogy is taken as and individual case to analyze its characteristics of copying genealogy at their ancestor land, establishing family imagery boundaries, inheriting by different family and combining families of same surname. Meaning, method, and content of cross strait exchange in genealogy are explored in this paper.%大量的台湾家藏族谱以家族世系为中心,不仅记载了台湾姓氏家族的血脉世系、盛衰荣辱等内容,还追述了先祖移民台湾的缘由经过、家族在台的分布繁衍及生活状况遭遇等,自觉地表现与祖地的渊源关系、血脉亲情。台湾移垦家族重视通过族谱加强与祖籍地亲族的联系,在开展抄谱、对谱、祭祖等活动中努力追根溯源,彰显与大陆祖地之间特殊的源流关系,表现出了强烈寻祖追根的慎终情怀和对祖地文化的高度认同。选取台湾王游氏族谱进行个案研究,分析台湾家族回祖籍地抄对族谱、确立家族意象界限及异姓承祧、同姓联宗等活动的特点,探讨两岸族谱文化交流的意义、方式、内容。

  20. Regulation Path of Criminal Law and Prevention Mechanism Against “Sexual Harassment”---From the Incident of Wang Xiaojian’s Sexual Harassment toward Female Students%“性骚扰”的刑法规制路径与防范机制--以王小箭性骚扰女学生事件展开

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹静

    2015-01-01

    After the incident of Wang Xiaojian’s sexual harassment toward two female students,there exist a multitude of problems to be considered,e.g.,whether the sexual harassment can be convicted under the exist-ing criminal law and which crime it should be convicted of,whether to specify it in the criminal law is necessa-ry,and how to improve the preventive mechanism.In this paper,based on a probe into the crimes relevant to the sexual harassment,its criminal charges,which could be stated in the criminal law,are listed,and the exam-ple of coercive indecent assault on women is used to explore the boundary between crime and innocence.The conclusion obtained is that currently it is not proper to specify sexual harassment as a single crime in the criminal law,and it should be regulated on the basis of the existing criminal law.What’s more,the prevention of sexual harassment can be improved from the common law and through social channels.%王小箭性骚扰女学生事件背后存在性骚扰是否能够根据现行刑法定罪以及定为何罪、是否有必要专入刑法、如何完善防范机制等多重问题。在对性骚扰相关罪名的梳理上,对性骚扰在当前可以入刑法的各项罪名加以罗列,以强制猥亵妇女罪为例探究罪与非罪的界限所在,得出性骚扰在我国以单独罪名入刑法的时机尚不成熟、应在现行刑法基础上加以规制的结论。而防范性骚扰,则可以从刑法上和其他方面,通过法律和社会的渠道共同加以完善。

  1. The Paratextual Study of the English Translation of Tang Xianzu’s Dramas-A Case study of the English Translation of The Peony Pavilion by Wang Rongpei%汤显祖戏剧英译的副文本研究--以汪译《牡丹亭》为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玲

    2014-01-01

    汤显祖戏剧英译的副文本研究有助于清晰、精确、全面地揭示汤显祖戏剧翻译边缘领域所包含的翻译现象,从而使我们更客观全面地思考汤显祖戏剧文本的翻译行为和过程,及其如何对读者产生影响。本文将借鉴法国叙事学理论家杰拉德·热内特提出的副文本理论的研究方法,以汪榕培教授英译的汤显祖戏剧《牡丹亭》为例,审视副文本因素与翻译活动、译作面貌和质量之间的因果关系,以及副文本如何引导和影响译文读者感悟汤显祖戏剧作品的价值所在。%The paratextual study of the English translation of Tang Xianzu’s dramas contributes to a clear, accurate and comprehensive understanding of the translation phenomena in the periphery of translation activities of Tang Xianzu’s dramas. This is significant to a thorough and objective relfection of the behavior and process in translating Tang’s dramas and this shows how the translation influences the readers. In this article, the paratextual theory put forward by Gerard Genette, the famous French literary theorist, is drawn on in an analysis of the English translation of The Peony Pavilion by Professor Wang Rongpei, which reveals the relation between the paratextual elements, translation activities, the outlooks and quality of the English translation as well as the role paratext plays in guiding the reader to appreciate the value of Tang’s works.

  2. QQ-based Farm-style Development of the Holographic Civil Plantation:A Case Study of Nan Wang Ecological Park in Zhuhai%基于QQ农场式的全息市民农园开发构想——以珠海南旺生态园为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阚兴龙; 李辉; 周永章; 刘云德

    2011-01-01

    采用跨学科研究法,运用文化学、社会学、城市学等学科的理论,全面剖析了网络版市民农园——QQ农场游戏风靡全国的深层次文化原因及现实依据.结果显示,其文化原因是人们对于田园生活的眷恋,而现实依据则是居住在环境日益恶化的城市居民对于现实生活的一种精神逃离.分析认为,市民农园的本质内涵为城乡文化的结合体,将网络游戏QQ农场现实化,即以QQ农场为主题,设计市民农园.最后以珠海南旺生态园为例,利用全息化休闲体验农业设计手法,探索一种全新的休闲农业开发模式.%In recent years, QQ farm game, whose background is rural farm, sweeps the country. A user of QQ farm game can play a farmer to plant crops, manage and harvest a variety of vegetables and fruits in his fictitious farm. In real life, this operating mode is called the civil plantation. This paper applys interdisciplinary research methods with the theories of cultural studies, sociology and urban studies to analyze the reasons of the popularity of QQ farm game in our country, which reflects the urban residents' yearning for rural life and an escape in spirit from the noisy urban area. Taking Nan Wang Ecological Park in Zhuhai as an example, the authors discuss the realization of the QQ farm with holographic design techniques of leisure experience, and explore a new leisure agriculture development model, which includes the following four aspects: holographic designing of the QQ farm leisure products, including QQ farm-type land lease form and QQ farm-style toursim project; construction of holographic rural-style QQ farm landscape; development of a whole holographic-based service process; and making use of holographic tourism information.

  3. A Sight of Zhuangzi from Unfolding a Fan- A Comment on The Happy Excursion ・ The Biography of Zhuangzi by Wang Chonglv%一挥折扇见庄周--评王充闾的《逍遥游・庄子传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    轩小杨

    2015-01-01

    The Happy Excursion ・ The Biography of Zhuangz i ,one of the first publications in the series of Chinese Historical and Cultural Celebrities ,taps the hidden messages and life stories in Zhuangz i ,and makes a development from cultural records to historical descriptions in the style of cultural prose .Re-strained by exceedingly rare and foggy historical facts ,Wang Chonglv ,the author of the biography makes his point of view on the basis of historical facts and vivid narration ,explores the in-depth meaning and es-sence of Zhuangz i ,reveals the culture-loaded figure of Zhuangzi to the maximum ,and presents us a living ancient as an enlightened philosopher ,a common person ,a talented scholar ,a language master and a ro-mantic poet .As to its structure ,the book develops in a way like unfolding a fan and presents a careful link and a detailed analysis ,weaving the life story of Zhangzi and his writings ,criticism upon him and his influ-ences over later generations into an organic whole .%王充闾的《逍遥游・庄子传》作为“中国历史文化名人丛书”首发之作,在史实极为模糊稀少的条件下,充分挖掘《庄子》文本内藏和庄子的生平隐迹,由史事而向文学审美描述曼衍,在极大近似的程度上以文化散文的笔法,踵事增华,立论不失史据,行文追求形象,探索《庄子》文本深义和梳理庄学精要,展现了具有丰富历史文化内涵的庄子形象,显示了庄子作为旷世文化哲人、市井布衣、天才士子、语言大师和浪漫诗人的鲜明特征。在全书的篇章结构上,以折扇展开的方式上编制章节,条分缕析,环节紧扣,把庄子的生平与著述、评说与影响,索引钩沉,有机地统合在一卷之中。

  4. On the Dispute of the Origin of Chinese Literary Modernity and Its Essence---A Case Study of David Der-wei Wang%中国文学现代性起源的争议及其实质--论王德威与中国文学现代性的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓平

    2016-01-01

    在中国现代文化领域,中国的“现代”的意涵究竟是什么?这一历史经验如何影响文学书写以及如何创造文学现代性?我们应如何理解历史内容和文学形式之间的辩证关系?考察王德威关于晚清文学中存在中国现代性最早萌芽的论断,可以看出:他的关于现代性“推陈出新”只是表面的理解;他对于启蒙和个人主义的否定使他漠视现代民主精神及其在文学中的体现;他对福柯系谱学理论的应用,使得他将内爆视为革新;而从根本上来说,由于他的政治和文化的保守主义立场,使得他援引西方后现代主义理论,致力于一种非历史化的“想象史学”。%In the context of modern Chinese culture , what is the connotation of Chinese Modernity?How does this historical experience influence literary writing and how does it create Chinese literary modernity ?How do we understand the dialectic relations between historical substance and literary form ? When we take David Wang ’ s research as a case study , we would find that his idea that modernity merely means“making something new” is only a superficial understanding;his refutation of the value of enlightenment and individualism makes him being negligent of modern democratic spirit and its representation in litera -ture;his application of Foucault ’ s theory of genealogy pushes him to take implosion as a way better than revolution .Ultimately, out of his cultural -political conservatism , he applies the postmodern theory to an historical , imaginative historiography .

  5. 1935年蒋介石、汪精卫争取德国调停中日冲突的目的辨析%Chiang Kai-shek and Wang Ching-wei Tried to Get Germany for the Purpose of Mediating Conflict between China and Japan in 1935

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张北根

    2016-01-01

    In 1935, Chiang Kai-shek and Wang Jingwei got Germany to mediat the Sino-Japanese conflict, which is not an at-tempt to take refuge in Germany and Japan’s anti-Communist traitorous conspiracy, nor does it sell out national and State inter-ests. Chiang Kai-shek’s real objective is, through Germany’s mediation to stop Japan to get further expansion of northern China incident, in order to avoid an all-out war, and both sides “mutually assured destruction”. In addition, he also wanted to win time for China to prepare Sino-Japanese war. At this time, Chiang Kai-shek was preparing to resist Japan with Russia and it is impossible to establish anti-Soviet front with Japan. Nanjing national Government’s policy toward Japan took some major chan-ges, shifting from compromise to the determined resistance, and Chiang Kai-shek decided to end Germany’s mediation.%1935年,蒋介石、汪精卫争取德国对中日冲突的调停,不是企图投靠德、日的反共卖国阴谋,也未出卖民族和国家利益。蒋介石的真实目的是希望通过德国的调停拖住日本,制止日本进一步扩大华北事变,以免中日发生全面战争,双方“同归于尽”。此外,也想为中国的抗日战争赢得准备时间。此时,蒋介石正准备联苏抗日,不可能与日本建立反苏阵线。随着南京国民政府对日政策发生某些重大变化,从妥协退让转向决心抵抗,蒋介石决定终止德国的调停。

  6. 清代中国法律知识的传播与影响——以汪辉祖《佐治药言》和《学治臆说》为例%The Dissemination and Impact of Legal Knowledge in Qing Dynasty:A Case Study of Wang Huizu's Zuozhiyaoyan and Xuezhiyishuo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐忠明

    2011-01-01

    清代州县衙门的组织架构与制度安排,以及牧令缺乏行政技能和法律知识的状况,导致了"官箴书"和幕友的大量出现。清代著名幕友和循吏汪辉祖撰写的《佐治药言》和《学治臆说》被幕友和牧令视为"官箴书"中的典范。这两本书在清代中国流传广泛,影响巨大,其主要传播方式包括口传、抄本和刊印;而他人的引述、摘录与汇编,也对书籍的传播和阅读产生了积极的推动作用;从推荐、赠予和购买情况来看,这两本书在当时应该得到了很好的传播、阅读与接受。严格说来,清代"官箴书"是特殊意义上的总结和阐述州县实务知识的书籍,具有经验性与实践性的特征。"官箴书"的广泛传播与阅读,也导致了州县牧令在处理行政事务和司法问题上形成了相对的一致性。%The bureaucratic organizational structure and institutional arrangements of Qing countries governments,and magistrates'lack of administrative skills and legal knowdledge,led to the appearance of a large number of "official handbooks"and private secretaries(muyou).Zuozhiyaoyan and Xuezhiyishuo,two books written by a famous muyou and upright official Wang Huizu in Qing Dynasty,were considered as the model of official handbooks.These two books were widely circulated in Qing Dynasty and had an enormous impact.The main mode of transmission of these books included oral,manuscript and printing.While other people's citing,extracting and compiling also played a positive role in promoting the dissemination of books.According to recommendation,grants and purchase situation,these two books at the time should have considerable communication,reading and acceptance.Strictly speaking,the"official handbook"is a book to summarize and to elaborate practical knowledge in a special sense,with the empirical and practical features.The widespread and reading of "official handbooks" also led to a relatively

  7. Review of Ding Ling’s Biography Written by Li Xiangdong and Wang Zengru%“飞蛾扑火”者的精神雕像--评李向东、王增如的《丁玲传》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈娇华

    2016-01-01

    李向东、王增如的《丁玲传》是最得丁玲神韵的一部传记,它精准地概括了丁玲孤傲、倔强和反抗的精神个性,并把这一精神个性特征贯穿到对其革命经历、文学创作及文坛交往等方面的阐述中。一方面,它细致地梳理和阐述了丁玲及其创作与革命的关系,以体现其精神个性,也呈现了20世纪中国革命与文学之间的错综复杂关系;另一方面,又通过对丁玲不同时期作品思想内蕴和人物精神的阐释,及对丁玲坚持不懈创作精神的发掘来体现其精神个性;同时,还从丁玲独特的精神个性角度及其所形成的对创作的执著精神和对革命的坚执信念等方面解读其与文坛的恩怨纠葛。而这些都是以一种质朴、平实和节制的写实风格呈现出来,这样一来,看似普通平实的传记书写实则蕴含着一种内在精神气韵,真正做到了深情而不纵情,平实而不平淡。%Ding Ling’s Biography written by Li Xiangdong and Wang Zengru expresses Ding Ling’s charm the most. It not only summarizes accurately Ding Ling’s solitary and proud, stubborn and rebellious spirit, but also impenetrate this spirit throughout her revolutionary experience, literary creation and contacting with others in the literary circle, and so on. On the one hand, it carefully combs and explains the relationship between Ding Ling and her creation and revolution and shows the complex relationship between Chinese revolution and literature in twentieth Century. And on the other hand, with the explanation of the ideological content and the spirit of the characters in Ding Ling’s works of different periods, and with the exploration of Ding Ling’s persistent spirit of writing, it shows Ding Ling’s spirit. Moreover, it also explains the feeling of gratitude or resentment in the literary circle from the perspective of Ding Ling’s unique spiritual personality which has formed her

  8. Guizhou Wangmo County Le Wang Zhen Promote Practice And Enlightenment of Land Circulation Development of Sugar Cane Production%望谟县乐旺镇推动土地流转发展甘蔗生产的做法与启迪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨莉蓉; 周正邦; 朱文华

    2013-01-01

      贵州望谟县乐旺镇是国家级贫困县镇,地处乐旺河和乐宽河两岸河谷地带,降水季节常发生土地被洪水短期淹没2~3d,影响农业可持续发展。为了破解被淹土地提高经营效益问题,镇政府抓住灾后重建机遇,通过土地集中整治解决条块分割障碍,规范土地用途,并对原农民承包地进行补偿和保障蔬菜地。以种草养殖黑山羊和选择耐短期淹没作物甘蔗种植,将土地流转发包给种植大户进行经营。在2011-2013年三年中养羊和甘蔗种植新增总产值1091万元,利润406.2万元,农民从土地流转中获利205万元,使种养承包人和农民都享受到土地增值的利益,实现了双方在土地流转增值中的双赢。%Guizhou Wangmo County Le Wang Zhen is a state-level poverty-stricken counties town,located in the music Wanghe and wide river valley area,seasonal precipitation often occurs by the flood inundated land short 2 ~ 3D,affecting the sustainable development of agriculture.In order to improve the operating efficiency of crack flooded land,the town government to seize the opportunity of post-disaster reconstruction,through land concentrated rectification resolve compartmentalization disorder,regulate land use,and the original contract farmers to vegetable land compensation and security.The grass breeding black goat and selection of resistant short-term submerged crops sugarcane planting,the land transfer contract to cultivate large family business.In the 3 years 2011-2013 sheep and sugarcane planting new output value 10 910 000 yuan,profit of 4 062 000 yuan,profit of 2 050 000 yuan for farmers from the land transfer.Make grow contractor and farmers enjoy the land value-added benefits,achieve win-win situation both in the land circulation in value-added.

  9. A Masterpiece of Reseaching the Marxist Theory in China from the Perspective of Morphology---Comment on WANG Gang’s The Research of the Initial of the Marxist Theory in China%形态学视域下马克思主义中国化研究的一部力作--评王刚《马克思主义中国化的初始形态研究》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马孟庭

    2016-01-01

    王刚的新著《马克思主义中国化的初始形态研究》是一部研究马克思主义初始形态的著作,论述了马克思主义与中国实际早期相结合的主要成果。该书视角新颖,条理清晰,论证充分,具有历史性与现实性、理论性与实践性,以及运用新方法与提出新观点相统一的特色。%The book written by Professor WANG Gang, with the title The Research of the Initial of the Marxist Theory in China, is a book studying the initial form of Marxist Theory. It discusses the combination of Marxist Theory and the early stage of China. The book not only forecasts a new theoretical perspective, has adequate development, unity and coherence, but also embodies the unity of history and logic, the unity of theory and practice, the unity of new methods and new idea.

  10. Wang Rongbao and the National Government "Stabilizing Domestic Situation Before Resisting Foreign Aggression" Policy Came Out --In 1931 "Korean Anti-Chinese Movement" as the Center%汪荣宝与国民政府“攘外必先安内”国策的出笼——以1931年“朝鲜排华运动”为中心

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    石建国

    2012-01-01

    In 1931 July, the Japanese orchestrated and stirred up the people, because the tenant appeared opposite, became "Wan Baoshan incident". The Korean people unknown to, even with Japanese backing and will be targeting in Korean overseas Chinese, lifted be brutal and inhuman " anti-Chinese movement". The anti-Chinese movement occurred, the Chinese national government adopted a compromise approach and position, and to put forward "stabilizing domestic situation before resisting foreign aggression" policy, which led to the Chinese ambassador to Japan Wang Rongbao was removed from office.%1931年7月,在日本精心策划和挑唆下,中朝民众因租地出现对立,酿成了万宝山事件。朝鲜民众不明真相,甚至以日本撑腰而将矛头对准在朝鲜的华侨,掀起了惨无人道的“排华运动”。朝鲜排华运动发生后,中国国民政府采取妥协的方针和立场,并借此提出“攘外必先安内”的国策,从而导致了中国驻日公使汪荣宝的被免职

  11. Contemporary Comments on "Four Reviews" of "A Dream of Red Mansions"——taking Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang,Wang Meng as examples%当代《红楼梦》评点“四家评”综论之一——以周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高淮生

    2011-01-01

    The comment about "A Dream of Red Mansions" since "Zhi Yanzhai",an earlier commentator,has been a special form of literary appreciating and literary criticism,which is quite popular among readers.The most influential contemporary comments are the ones made by Zhou Ruchang,Feng Qiyong,Cai Yijiang and Wang Meng."Four Reviews" are very popular and loved by readers of A Dream of Red Mansions.Not only did "Four Reviews" widened the perspectives and approaches on the study of "A Dream of Red Mansions",but have achieved traditional Chinese fiction commentary's self-improvement to some extent,especially the quality of comments about "A Dream of Red Mansions".Besides,it is also beneficial for the construction of contemporary literary appreciation.%《红楼梦》评点自脂砚斋以来一直是受到《红楼梦》读者喜爱的一种文学鉴赏和文学批评的特有形式。当代《红楼梦》评点影响最大的当属周汝昌、冯其庸、蔡义江、王蒙等"四家评","四家评"正广为流传,并受到《红楼梦》读者的喜爱。"四家评"不仅拓宽了《红楼梦》的研究视野和研究途径,也在一定程度上实现了传统小说评点尤其是《红楼梦》评点理论品格的自我提升,并且有益于当代文艺鉴赏学的建设。

  12. 从译介学视角看汉译英中文化意象的失落——以理雅各和汪榕培等的《易经》英译本为例%On the Loss of Cultural Imagery in Chinese to English Translation from the Perspective of Medio-Translatology -- Comparison of English Versions of The Book of Changes by James Legge and Wang Rongpei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任艳霞; 傅治夷

    2012-01-01

    The fixity and independence of culture sense, are also decisive to the loss of cultural imagery imagery are the focus of medio-translatology. We make are determined by ethnical characteristics, which, in some transmission, and this, together with distortion of cultural a deliberate analysis to the translation of The Book of Chan- ges between James Legge and Wang Rongpei, and get such a conclusion: Culture difference is highlighted as the inner clement to lead to the loss of cultural imagery in language transformation when the translation strategy applied to translation of cultural imagery in The Book of Changes is considered.%民族性决定了文化的相对固定性和独立性,从某种意义上讲,民族性也决定了文化意象传递的缺失性。而这种反映在文化传递中意象的失落和歪曲现象也正是译介学所关注的焦点。通过分析理雅各和汪榕培等《易经》的英译文本,认为两者在译介过程中都未能正确传递《易经》文化的民族特质和意蕴,甚至在文化意象传递方面还存在错位、失落、歪曲现象。在英译过程中君子、小人的德才品行的意蕴,黄色被赋予的尊贵象征,“西山”通假“岐山”及岐山献祭这一典故等都未能译出,这些都损坏了易文化中特有的文化意象。同时研究也认为语言在不同文化背景译介时,文化差异是促成其文化意象失落的重要原因。

  13. 生物化学家王德宝教授%Professor Wang Debao (T. P. Wang) and His Dedication to Nucleic Acid Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘望夷

    1991-01-01

    @@酵母丙氨酸转移核糖核酸(tRNAAlY)的人工全合成获得了1987年国家自然科学一等奖。 用人工方法合成重要的生物大分子(蛋白质、RNA和DNA*)是人类合成生命的前提,也是验证这些化合物结构的最好方法。由于生物大分子化合物的结构复杂,到本世纪60和70年代,蛋白质和DNA的人工合成才相继成功。 RNA的人工合成,难度比DNA大。中国科学院上海生物化学研究所王德宝先生及其协作者经过13年不懈的努力,终于在1981年11月中旬胜利地完成了tRNAAlaY的人工全合成。这是世界上首次人工合成RNA,是继我国在世界上首次人工全合成蛋白质(结晶牛胰岛素)之后取得的又一项重大科学成果。它标志着我国在人工合成生物大分子方面继续居于世界领先地位。先后参加这项工作的有中国科学院四个研究所:上海生化所、上海细胞生物学所、上海有机化学所和生物物理所(北京),还有北京大学生物学系和上海化学试剂二厂等六个单位。这项工作曾获得中国科学院1985年重大科学技术成果一等奖。这项工作的创造性和先进性有以下几个方面: (1)合成的tRNAAlaY与天然化合物具有相同的化学结构,既含有4种普通核苷酸,又含有7种修饰核苷酸。合成的tRNAAlaY具有完整的生物活力,既能接受丙氨酸,又能将所携带的丙氨酸参入到蛋白质中去。日本、加拿大和美国用人工合成的tRNA**都不含(或少含)有修饰核苷酸,生物活力都很低。

  14. Wang Tiankai:Accelerate independent Brand Building, Meet People's New Expectation%Wang Tiankai:Accelerate independent Brand Building, Meet People's New Expectation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Xiangli

    2012-01-01

    In order to implement the specific deployment of the "Textile Industry 12th Five-Year Development Plan" and the "Outline of Textile Power Country Building (2011-2020)" about the brand building projects, to summarize the achievements about China apparel and home textile independent brand building, to further strengthen the promotion and cultivate job about apparel and home textile independent building,

  15. 王氏连朴饮对脾胃湿热证模型大鼠胃黏膜 P53、BcI-2和 COX-2蛋白表达的影响%Effect of Wang's Lian Pu Decoction on Protein Expression of P53, Bcl -2 and COX -2 in Gastric Mucosa of Rat Model with Splenogastric Damp-heat Syndrome

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄琴; 王晶; 王和生; 王俊霞; 冯康; 谭芸

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the effect of Wang's Lian Pu Decoction(WLPD)on protein expression of proliferation and apoptosis correlated P53, Bcl-2, COX-2 genes in gastric mucosa of rat model wiht splenogastric damp-heat syndrome(SDHS),and to explore its possible therapeutic mechanism for SDHS. Methods Fifty Sprague Dawley rats were evenly divided into normal control group, model group, and high-, middle- and low-dosage WLPD groups (1.94,0.97,0.48 g·mL-1). SDHS rat model was established by the combined method of damp-heat environment and feeding with high fat and sugar diet and wine. The intervention with gastric gavage of WLPD was given simultaneously together with the modeling. The treatment lasted 7 days,and the effects of WLPD on protein expression levels of P53, Bcl-2 and COX-2 genes were observed. Results The protein expression of p53, Bcl-2 and COX-2 genes was localized in cytoplasm and their expression levels were significantly increased in the model group as compared to normal control group(P < 0.01). High-,middle- and low-dosage WLPD showed an effect on down-regulating the protein expression of P53,Bcl-2 and COX-2 genes to certain extent,and the middle-dose had the strongest effect, the difference being significant compared with the model group(P < 0.01). Conclusion WLPD may down-regulate the protein expression of P53,Bcl-2 and COX-2 genes in gastric mucosa of SDHS rats,correct the imbalance of the proliferation and apoptosis of gastric mucosa cells,thus has protective effect on the gastric mucosa.%目的:观察王氏连朴饮对脾胃湿热证模型大鼠胃黏膜增殖与凋亡相关 P53、Bcl-2和 COX-2蛋白表达的影响,探讨该方治疗脾胃湿热证获效的可能作用机制。方法取 SD 大鼠50只,随机分为正常对照组,模型组,王氏连朴饮高、中、低剂量组(1.94,0.97,0.48 g·mL-1),共5组,每组10只。除正常组饲以普通饲料外,其余4组均以湿热环境加高脂高糖饮食和白酒综合法复

  16. Protein folding with implicit crowders: a study of conformational states using the Wang-Landau method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppe, Travis; Yuan, Jian-Min

    2011-03-10

    In this paper we introduce the idea of the implicit crowding method to study the statistical mechanical behaviors of folding of β-sheet peptides. Using a simple bead-lattice model, we are able to consider, separately, the conformational entropy involving the bond angles along the backbone and the orientational entropy associated with the dihedral angles. We use a Ising-like model to partially account for the dihedral angle entropy and, implicitly, the hydrogen-bond formations. We also compare our results to recent experiments and find good quantitative agreement on the predicted folded fraction. On the basis of the predictions from the scaled particle theory, we investigate changes in the melting temperature of the protein, suggesting crowding enhanced stability for a variant of trpzip hairpin and a slight instability for the larger β-sheet designed proteins.

  17. VizieR Online Data Catalog: NGC 2808 AGB and RGB stars Na abundance (Wang+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y.; Primas, F.; Charbonnel, C.; van der Swaelmen, M.; Bono, G.; Chantereau, W.; Zhao, G.

    2016-05-01

    The high-resolution spectra of our sample of AGB and RGB stars in the Galactic globular cluster NGC 2808 were obtained with the high-resolution multi-object spectrograph FLAMES, mounted on ESO/VLT-UT2. A combined mode was used where the brightest five objects was observed with UVES-fibre and the remaining targets with GIRAFFE/Medusa. The basic information of our sample stars are listed in Table 2, including the evolutionary phase, instrument used for observation, coordinates, photometry and barycentric radial velocity. Our Fe abundances were derived from the equivalent widths of Fe lines, while the Na abundances were determined with spectra synthesis. Both FeI and Na abundances have been corrected for the non-LTE effect. In Table 4 we show the derived stellar parameters of our sample stars, and the Na abundances are shown in Table 6. (3 data files).

  18. Hiina mõistatus : Wang-Ba ja palju muudki / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Artikli autor annab ülevaate Euroopa Välissuhete Nõukogu tegevdirektori Mark Leonardi raamatust "What Does China Think?". Raamatu autori väide on lihtne: selleks, et aru saada maailma poliitikast, tuleb aru saada Hiinas toimuvast

  19. Hiina mõistatus : Wang-Ba ja palju muudki / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-

    2008-01-01

    Artikli autor annab ülevaate Euroopa Välissuhete Nõukogu tegevdirektori Mark Leonardi raamatust "What Does China Think?". Raamatu autori väide on lihtne: selleks, et aru saada maailma poliitikast, tuleb aru saada Hiinas toimuvast

  20. Computational Thermodynamics of Materials Zi-Kui Liu and Yi Wang

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Devanathan, Ram

    2017-02-01

    This authoritative volume introduces the reader to computational thermodynamics and the use of this approach to the design of material properties by tailoring the chemical composition. The text covers applications of this approach, introduces the relevant computational codes, and offers exercises at the end of each chapter. The book has nine chapters and two appendices that provide background material on computer codes. Chapter 1 covers the first and second laws of thermodynamics, introduces the spinodal as the limit of stability, and presents the Gibbs-Duhem equation. Chapter 2 focuses on the Gibbs energy function. Starting with a homogeneous system with a single phase, the authors proceed to phases with variable compositions, and polymer blends. The discussion includes the contributions of external electric and magnetic fields to the Gibbs energy. Chapter 3 deals with phase equilibria in heterogeneous systems, the Gibbs phase rule, and phase diagrams. Chapter 4 briefly covers experimental measurements of thermodynamic properties used as input for thermodynamic modeling by Calculation of Phase Diagrams (CALPHAD). Chapter 5 discusses the use of density functional theory to obtain thermochemical data and fill gaps where experimental data is missing. The reader is introduced to the Vienna Ab Initio Simulation Package (VASP) for density functional theory and the YPHON code for phonon calculations. Chapter 6 introduces the modeling of Gibbs energy of phases with the CALPHAD method. Chapter 7 deals with chemical reactions and the Ellingham diagram for metal-oxide systems and presents the calculation of the maximum reaction rate from equilibrium thermodynamics. Chapter 8 is devoted to electrochemical reactions and Pourbaix diagrams with application examples. Chapter 9 concludes this volume with the application of a model of multiple microstates to Ce and Fe3Pt. CALPHAD modeling is briefly discussed in the context of genomics of materials. The book introduces basic thermodynamic concepts clearly and directs readers to appropriate references for advanced concepts and details of software implementation. The list of references is quite comprehensive. The authors make liberal use of diagrams to illustrate key concepts. The two Appendices at the end discuss software requirements and the file structure, and present templates for special quasi-random structures. There is also a link to download pre-compiled binary files of the YPHON code for Linux or Microsoft Windows systems. The exercises at the end of the chapters assume that the reader has access to VASP, which is not freeware. Readers without access to this code can work on a limited number of exercises. However, results from other first principles codes can be organized in the YPHON format as explained in the Appendix. This book will serve as an excellent reference on computational thermodynamics and the exercises provided at the end of each chapter make it valuable as a graduate level textbook. Reviewer: Ram Devanathan is Acting Director of Earth Systems Science Division, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, USA.