A heralded two-qutrit entangled state
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Joo, Jaewoo; Sanders, Barry C; Rudolph, Terry
2009-01-01
We propose a scheme for building a heralded two-qutrit entangled state from polarized photons. An optical circuit is presented to build the maximally entangled two-qutrit state from two heralded Bell pairs and ideal threshold detectors. Several schemes are discussed for constructing the two Bell pairs. We also show how one can produce an unbalanced two-qutrit state that could be of general purpose use in some protocols. In terms of the applications of the maximally entangled qutrit state, we mainly focus on how to use the state to demonstrate a violation of the Collins-Gisin-Linden-Massar-Popescu inequality under the restriction of measurements which can be performed using linear optical elements and photon counting. Other possible applications of the state, such as for higher dimensional quantum cryptography, teleportation and generation of heralded two-qudit states, are also briefly discussed.
Coherent states in the fermionic Fock space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oeckl, Robert
2015-01-01
We construct the coherent states in the sense of Gilmore and Perelomov for the fermionic Fock space. Our treatment is from the outset adapted to the infinite-dimensional case. The fermionic Fock space becomes in this way a reproducing kernel Hilbert space of continuous holomorphic functions. (paper)
Heralded generation of a micro-macro entangled state
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Andersen, Ulrik Lund; Neergaard-Nielsen, Jonas Schou
2013-01-01
Using different optical setups based on squeezed state and photon subtraction we show how optical entanglement between a macroscopic and a microscopic state-the so-called Schro¨dinger cat state or micro-macro state-can be generated. The entangled state is heralded and is thus produced a priori....... Furthermore, we show that the state can be used to map a microscopic qubit onto a macroscopic one thereby linking a qubit processor with a qumode processor....
On-chip generation of heralded photon-number states
Vergyris, Panagiotis; Meany, Thomas; Lunghi, Tommaso; Sauder, Gregory; Downes, James; Steel, M. J.; Withford, Michael J.; Alibart, Olivier; Tanzilli, Sébastien
2016-10-01
Beyond the use of genuine monolithic integrated optical platforms, we report here a hybrid strategy enabling on-chip generation of configurable heralded two-photon states. More specifically, we combine two different fabrication techniques, i.e., non-linear waveguides on lithium niobate for efficient photon-pair generation and femtosecond-laser-direct-written waveguides on glass for photon manipulation. Through real-time device manipulation capabilities, a variety of path-coded heralded two-photon states can be produced, ranging from product to entangled states. Those states are engineered with high levels of purity, assessed by fidelities of 99.5 ± 8% and 95.0 ± 8%, respectively, obtained via quantum interferometric measurements. Our strategy therefore stands as a milestone for further exploiting entanglement-based protocols, relying on engineered quantum states, and enabled by scalable and compatible photonic circuits.
Experimental Fock-State Superradiance
Ortiz-Gutiérrez, L.; Muñoz-Martínez, L. F.; Barros, D. F.; Morales, J. E. O.; Moreira, R. S. N.; Alves, N. D.; Tieco, A. F. G.; Saldanha, P. L.; Felinto, D.
2018-02-01
Superradiance in an ensemble of atoms leads to the collective enhancement of radiation in a particular mode shared by the atoms in their spontaneous decay from an excited state. The quantum aspects of this phenomenon are highlighted when such collective enhancement is observed in the emission of a single quantum of light. Here we report a further step in exploring experimentally the nonclassical features of superradiance by implementing the process not only with single excitations, but also in a two-excitation state. Particularly, we measure and theoretically model the wave packets corresponding to superradiance in both the single-photon and two-photon regimes. Such progress opens the way to the study and future control of the interaction of nonclassical light modes with collective quantum memories at higher photon numbers.
Hartree-Fock description of superdeformed states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dobaczewski, J.; Meyer, J.
1991-10-01
The discovery of superdeformation has been preceded by theoretical predictions made in Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations and a description of the phenomenon still constitutes an exciting challenge to the theory of nuclear collective motion. In particular, a determination of electromagnetic transition rates requires a knowledge of microscopic collective wave functions, which can be achieved by using the Hartree-Fock (HF) theory and the generator coordinate method (GCM). In this study we present results of our calculations concerning the properties and superdeformed states in the mercury region. Using the GCM, we diagonalize the microscopic two-body hamiltonian within the basis set of constrained HF+BCS wave functions. The GCM provides values for the energy of the ground and excited states including the shape isomer which take into account the effect of correlations in the collective degree of freedom. The GCM will also allow us to discuss the qualitative modifications of the shape isomeric stability as induced by changes in pairing correlations
Generation and measurement of nonclassical states by quantum Fock filter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
D'Ariano, G.M.; Maccone, L.; Paris, M.G.A.; Sacchi, M.F.
1999-01-01
We study a novel optical setup which selects a specific Fock component from a generic input state. The device allows to synthesize number states and superpositions of few number states, and to measure the photon distribution and the density matrix of a generic signal. (Authors)
SU(3) versus deformed Hartree-Fock state
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Johnson, Calvin W.; Stetcu, Ionel; Draayer, J.P.
2002-01-01
Deformation is fundamental to understanding nuclear structure. We compare two ways to efficiently realize deformation for many-fermion wave functions, the leading SU(3) irreducible representation and the angular-momentum-projected Hartree-Fock state. In the absence of single-particle spin-orbit splitting the two are nearly identical. With realistic forces, however, the difference between the two is nontrivial, with the angular-momentum-projected Hartree-Fock state better approximating an 'exact' wave function calculated in the fully interacting shell model. The difference is driven almost entirely by the single-particle spin-orbit splitting
Hartree-Fock states in the thermodynamic limit
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Aguilera-Navarro, V.C.; Llano, M. de; Peltier, S.; Plastino, A.
1976-01-01
Two infinite families of two-parameter generalized Overhauser orbitals are introduced and shown to explicitly satisfy, for occupied states, the self-consistent Hartree-Fock equations in the thermodynamic limit. For an attractive delta interaction, they give lower Hartree-Fock energy than the usual plane-wave solutions, even for relatively weak coupling and/or low density. The limiting members (possessing an infinite number of harmonics) of both families appear to tend to a 'classical static lattice' state. The related density profiles and energy expressions are calculated as functions of the two new parameters. A direct-variation with respect to these parameters was done numerically and results are presented graphically. (Author) [pt
Heralded noiseless amplification for single-photon entangled state with polarization feature
Wang, Dan-Dan; Jin, Yu-Yu; Qin, Sheng-Xian; Zu, Hao; Zhou, Lan; Zhong, Wei; Sheng, Yu-Bo
2018-03-01
Heralded noiseless amplification is a promising method to overcome the transmission photon loss in practical noisy quantum channel and can effectively lengthen the quantum communication distance. Single-photon entanglement is an important resource in current quantum communications. Here, we construct two single-photon-assisted heralded noiseless amplification protocols for the single-photon two-mode entangled state and single-photon three-mode W state, respectively, where the single-photon qubit has an arbitrary unknown polarization feature. After the amplification, the fidelity of the single-photon entangled state can be increased, while the polarization feature of the single-photon qubit can be well remained. Both the two protocols only require the linear optical elements, so that they can be realized under current experimental condition. Our protocols may be useful in current and future quantum information processing.
Quantum scattering theory of a single-photon Fock state in three-dimensional spaces.
Liu, Jingfeng; Zhou, Ming; Yu, Zongfu
2016-09-15
A quantum scattering theory is developed for Fock states scattered by two-level systems in three-dimensional free space. It is built upon the one-dimensional scattering theory developed in waveguide quantum electrodynamics. The theory fully quantizes the incident light as Fock states and uses a non-perturbative method to calculate the scattering matrix.
Synthesis of arbitrary Fock states via conditional measurement on beam splitters
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Escher, B.M.; Baseia, B.; Avelar, A.T.
2005-01-01
In a previous work [Opt. Commun. 138, 71 (1997)] a scheme was proposed to create traveling fields in the Fock state |2 J >. Here we show how to extend this result to arbitrary Fock states. The procedure combines one-photon states impinging on a sequence of distinct beam splitters, each one associated with a (zero detection) single-photon photodetector, with optimization of the success probability to get the desired state. Advantages and disadvantages of this scheme are discussed
State-of-the-art for multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Desclaux, J.P.
1981-01-01
The approximations involved in almost all relativistic calculations are analyzed and one of the most advanced methods, the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) one, available to carry out high quality atomic calculations for bound states is discussed
Theories of the nuclear ground state beyond Hartree-Fock
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gogny, D.
1979-01-01
Intensive efforts have been invested toward defining a microscopic approach, simple enough to render feasible systematic calculations of nuclear structure and of the some time sufficiently rich in information as to serve for updating traditional microscopic approaches to the collective excitations. Our starting point is the mean field approximation with density dependent effective forces. To describe the collective excitations we use the two well known extensions based on the H.F. theory namely the random phase approximation and the adiabatic approximation to the time dependent Hartree-Fock theory. The purpose of this paper is to show what sort of calculations can be effectively carried out in the frame of such fully self consistent approaches. (KBE) 891 KBE/KBE 892 ARA
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Santos, Marcelo Franca
2005-01-01
We present a simple quantum circuit that allows for the universal and deterministic manipulation of the quantum state of confined harmonic oscillators. The scheme is based on the selective interactions of the referred oscillator with an auxiliary three-level system and a classical external driving source, and enables any unitary operations on Fock states, two by two. One circuit is equivalent to a single qubit unitary logical gate on Fock states qubits. Sequences of similar protocols allow for complete, deterministic, and state-independent manipulation of the harmonic oscillator quantum state
Teleportation of displaced Fock states: Fidelity and their teleported photon number distributions
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Quintero, William; Ladera, Celso L, E-mail: clladera@usb.ve [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Simon BolIvar, Apdo. 89000, Caracas 1086 (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)
2011-01-01
We consider the teleportation of displaced Fock states which are highly non-classical states of the quantized electromagnetic field which have a set of remarkable quantum properties that include the peculiar oscillations of their photon number distributions. We use the transfer operator formalism to show that the quantum teleportation of a DFS renders a finite superposition of orthonormal DFS's and find its explicit mathematical expression in terms of the compression parameter of the correlated EPR states of the quantum channel. The expression for a teleported Fock state is also derived as a particular case of DFS's teleportation. We finally apply these results to study the fidelity of the teleportation of DFS's and the teleportation of their photon number statistics.
Teleportation of displaced Fock states: Fidelity and their teleported photon number distributions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Quintero, William; Ladera, Celso L
2011-01-01
We consider the teleportation of displaced Fock states which are highly non-classical states of the quantized electromagnetic field which have a set of remarkable quantum properties that include the peculiar oscillations of their photon number distributions. We use the transfer operator formalism to show that the quantum teleportation of a DFS renders a finite superposition of orthonormal DFS's and find its explicit mathematical expression in terms of the compression parameter of the correlated EPR states of the quantum channel. The expression for a teleported Fock state is also derived as a particular case of DFS's teleportation. We finally apply these results to study the fidelity of the teleportation of DFS's and the teleportation of their photon number statistics.
Hartree-Fock energies of the doubly excited states of the boron isoelectronic sequence
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
El-Sherbini, T.M.; Mansour, H.M.; Farrag, A.A.; Rahman, A.A.
1985-08-01
Hartree-Fock energies of the 1s 2 2s 2p ns( 4 P), 1s 2 2s 2p np ( 4 P, 4 D) and 1s 2 2s 2p nd ( 4 P, 4 D); n=3-6 states in the boron isoelectronic sequence are reported. The results show a fairly good agreement with the experimental data of Bromander for O IV. (author)
The light-cone Fock state expansion and hadron physics phenomenology
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brodsky, S.J.
1997-06-01
The light-cone Fock expansion is defined in the following way: one first constructs the light-cone time evolution operator and the invariant mass operator in light-cone gauge from the QCD Lagrangian. The total longitudinal momentum and transverse momenta are conserved, i.e. are independent of the interactions. The matrix elements of the invariant mass operator on the complete orthonormal basis of the free theory can then be constructed. The matrix elements connect Fock states differing by 0, 1, or 2 quark or gluon quanta, and they include the instantaneous quark and gluon contributions imposed by eliminating dependent degrees of freedom in light-cone gauge. Applications of light-cone methods to QCD phenomenology are briefly described
A correction for the Hartree-Fock density of states for jellium without screening
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Blair, Alexander I.; Kroukis, Aristeidis; Gidopoulos, Nikitas I.
2015-01-01
We revisit the Hartree-Fock (HF) calculation for the uniform electron gas, or jellium model, whose predictions—divergent derivative of the energy dispersion relation and vanishing density of states (DOS) at the Fermi level—are in qualitative disagreement with experimental evidence for simple metals. Currently, this qualitative failure is attributed to the lack of screening in the HF equations. Employing Slater’s hyper-Hartree-Fock (HHF) equations, derived variationally, to study the ground state and the excited states of jellium, we find that the divergent derivative of the energy dispersion relation and the zero in the DOS are still present, but shifted from the Fermi wavevector and energy of jellium to the boundary between the set of variationally optimised and unoptimised HHF orbitals. The location of this boundary is not fixed, but it can be chosen to lie at arbitrarily high values of wavevector and energy, well clear from the Fermi level of jellium. We conclude that, rather than the lack of screening in the HF equations, the well-known qualitative failure of the ground-state HF approximation is an artifact of its nonlocal exchange operator. Other similar artifacts of the HF nonlocal exchange operator, not associated with the lack of electronic correlation, are known in the literature
Higher Fock states and power counting in exclusive P-wave quarkonium decays
Bolz, J; Schuler, G A; Bolz, Jan; Kroll, Peter; Schuler, Gerhard A.
1998-01-01
Exclusive processes at large momentum transfer Q factor into perturbatively calculable short-distance parts and long-distance hadronic wave functions. Usually, only contributions from the leading Fock states have to be included to leading order in 1/Q. We show that for exclusive decays of P-wave quarkonia the contribution from the next-higher Fock state |Q Qbar g> contributes at the same order in 1/Q. We investigate how the constituent gluon attaches to the hard process in order to form colour-singlet final-state hadrons and argue that a single additional long-distance factor is sufficient to parametrize the size of its contribution. Incorporating transverse degrees of freedom and Sudakov factors, our results are perturbatively stable in the sense that soft phase-space contributions are largely suppressed. Explicit calculations yield good agreement with data on chi_{c J} decays into pairs of pions, kaons, and etas. We also comment on J/psi decays into two pions.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ferrari, R.; I.N.F.N., Trento
1994-01-01
The formalism introduced in a previous paper is used for discussing the Coulomb interaction of many electrons moving in two space-dimensions in the presence of a strong magnetic field. The matrix element of the coulomb interaction is evaluated in the new basis, whose states are invariant under discrete translations. This paper is devoted to the case of low filling factor, thus the authors limit themselves to the lowest Landau level and to spins all oriented along the magnetic field. For the case of filling factor ν f = 1/u they give an Ansatz on the state of many electrons which provides a good approximated solution of the Hartree-Fock equation. For general filling factor ν f = u'/u a trial state is given which converges very rapidly to a solution of the self-consistent equation. They generalize the Hartree-Fock equation by considering some correlation: all quantum states are allowed for the u' electrons with the same translation quantum numbers. Numerical results are given for the mean energy and the energy bands, for some values of the filling factor (ν f = 1/2, 1/3, 2/3, 1/4, 3/4, 1/5, 2/5, 3/5, 4/5). The results agree numerically with the Charge Density Wave approach. The boundary conditions are shown to be very important: only large systems (degeneracy of Landau level over 200) are not affected by the boundaries. Therefore results obtained on small scale systems are somewhat unreliable. The relevance of the results for the Fractional Quantum Hall Effect is briefly discussed
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Jiang Minhao; Meng Xujun
2005-01-01
The effect of the free electron background in plasmas is introduced in Hartree-Fock-Slater self-consistent field atomic model to correct the single electron energies for each electron configuration, and to provide accurate atomic data for Boltzmann-Saha equation. In the iteration process chemical potential is adjusted to change the free electron background to satisfy simultaneously the conservation of the free electrons in Saha equation as well as in Hartree-Fock-Slater self-consistent field atomic model. As examples the equations of state of the carbon and aluminum plasmas are calculated to show the applicability of this method. (authors)
Chan, GuoXuan; Wang, Xin
2018-04-01
We consider two typical approximations that are used in the microscopic calculations of double-quantum dot spin qubits, namely, the Heitler-London (HL) and the Hund-Mulliken (HM) approximations, which use linear combinations of Fock-Darwin states to approximate the two-electron states under the double-well confinement potential. We compared these results to a case in which the solution to a one-dimensional Schr¨odinger equation was exactly known and found that typical microscopic calculations based on Fock-Darwin states substantially underestimate the value of the exchange interaction, which is the key parameter that controls the quantum dot spin qubits. This underestimation originates from the lack of tunneling of Fock-Darwin states, which is accurate only in the case with a single potential well. Our results suggest that the accuracies of the current two-dimensional molecular- orbit-theoretical calculations based on Fock-Darwin states should be revisited since underestimation could only deteriorate in dimensions that are higher than one.
On minimal energy Hartree-Fock states for the 2DEG at fractional fillings
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cabo Montes Oca, A. de.
1995-08-01
Approximate minimal energy solutions of the previously discussed general class of Hartree-Fock (HF) states of the 2DEG at 1/3 and 2/3 filling factors are determined. Their selfenergy spectrum is evaluated. Wannier states associated to the filled Bloch states are introduced in a lattice having three flux quanta per cell. They allow to rewrite approximately the ν = 1/3 HF Hamiltonian as sum of three independent tight-binding model Hamiltonians, one describing the dynamics in the band of occupied states and the other ones in the tow bands of excited states. The magnitude of the hopping integral indicates the enhanced role which should have the correlation energy in the present situation with respect to the case of the Yoshioka and Lee second order energy calculation for the lowest energy HF state. Finally, the discussion also suggests the Wannier function, which spreads an electron into a three quanta area, as a physical model for the composite fermion mean field one particle state. (author). 11 refs, 5 figs
Hartree–Fock many-body perturbation theory for nuclear ground-states
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Alexander Tichai
2016-05-01
Full Text Available We investigate the order-by-order convergence behavior of many-body perturbation theory (MBPT as a simple and efficient tool to approximate the ground-state energy of closed-shell nuclei. To address the convergence properties directly, we explore perturbative corrections up to 30th order and highlight the role of the partitioning for convergence. The use of a simple Hartree–Fock solution for the unperturbed basis leads to a convergent MBPT series for soft interactions, in contrast to the divergent MBPT series obtained with a harmonic oscillator basis. For larger model spaces and heavier nuclei, where a direct high-order MBPT calculation is not feasible, we perform third-order calculations and compare to advanced ab initio coupled-cluster results for the same interactions and model spaces. We demonstrate that third-order MBPT provides ground-state energies for nuclei up into the tin isotopic chain in excellent agreement with the best available coupled-cluster calculations at a fraction of the computational cost.
Hartree–Fock many-body perturbation theory for nuclear ground-states
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tichai, Alexander, E-mail: alexander.tichai@physik.tu-darmstadt.de [Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Langhammer, Joachim [Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Binder, Sven [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Roth, Robert, E-mail: robert.roth@physik.tu-darmstadt.de [Institut für Kernphysik, Technische Universität Darmstadt, 64289 Darmstadt (Germany)
2016-05-10
We investigate the order-by-order convergence behavior of many-body perturbation theory (MBPT) as a simple and efficient tool to approximate the ground-state energy of closed-shell nuclei. To address the convergence properties directly, we explore perturbative corrections up to 30th order and highlight the role of the partitioning for convergence. The use of a simple Hartree–Fock solution for the unperturbed basis leads to a convergent MBPT series for soft interactions, in contrast to the divergent MBPT series obtained with a harmonic oscillator basis. For larger model spaces and heavier nuclei, where a direct high-order MBPT calculation is not feasible, we perform third-order calculations and compare to advanced ab initio coupled-cluster results for the same interactions and model spaces. We demonstrate that third-order MBPT provides ground-state energies for nuclei up into the tin isotopic chain in excellent agreement with the best available coupled-cluster calculations at a fraction of the computational cost.
Charge transfer excitations from excited state Hartree-Fock subsequent minimization scheme
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Theophilou, Iris; Tassi, M.; Thanos, S.
2014-01-01
Photoinduced charge-transfer processes play a key role for novel photovoltaic phenomena and devices. Thus, the development of ab initio methods that allow for an accurate and computationally inexpensive treatment of charge-transfer excitations is a topic that nowadays attracts a lot of scientific attention. In this paper we extend an approach recently introduced for the description of single and double excitations [M. Tassi, I. Theophilou, and S. Thanos, Int. J. Quantum Chem. 113, 690 (2013); M. Tassi, I. Theophilou, and S. Thanos, J. Chem. Phys. 138, 124107 (2013)] to allow for the description of intermolecular charge-transfer excitations. We describe an excitation where an electron is transferred from a donor system to an acceptor one, keeping the excited state orthogonal to the ground state and avoiding variational collapse. These conditions are achieved by decomposing the space spanned by the Hartree-Fock (HF) ground state orbitals into four subspaces: The subspace spanned by the occupied orbitals that are localized in the region of the donor molecule, the corresponding for the acceptor ones and two more subspaces containing the virtual orbitals that are localized in the neighborhood of the donor and the acceptor, respectively. Next, we create a Slater determinant with a hole in the subspace of occupied orbitals of the donor and a particle in the virtual subspace of the acceptor. Subsequently we optimize both the hole and the particle by minimizing the HF energy functional in the corresponding subspaces. Finally, we test our approach by calculating the lowest charge-transfer excitation energies for a set of tetracyanoethylene-hydrocarbon complexes that have been used earlier as a test set for such kind of excitations
Ground-state properties of axially deformed Sr isotopes in Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yilmaz, A.H.; Bayram, T.; Demirci, M.; Engin, B.; Bayram, T.
2010-01-01
Binding energies, the mean-square nuclear radii, neutron radii, quadrupole moments and deformation parameters to axially deformed Strontium isotopes were evaluated using Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov method. Shape coexistence was also discussed. The results were compared with experimental data and some estimates obtained within some nuclear models. The calculations were performed for SIy4 set of Skyrme forces and for wide range of the neutron numbers of Sr isotopes
ANNA-TERESA TYMIENIECKA
2011-01-01
The present-day anatomy of disarray we have to cope with bringsout the necessity of a fundamental change in our spiritual attitude and societal conduct, aiming to reassess the value of wisdom in connection with the scientific and technological progress; all, being grounded in the network of the manifestations of the logos of life. This approach highlights the articulations of our very own vision of heralding a New Enlightenment for humankind, throughout a new critique of reason, by framing a ...
Cluster modeling of solid state defects and adsorbates: Beyond the Hartree-Fock level
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kunz, A.B.
1990-01-01
The use of finite clusters of atoms to represent the physically interesting portion of a condensed matter system has been an accepted technique for the past two decades. Physical systems have been studied in this way using both density functional and Hartree-Fock methodologies, as well as a variety of empirical or semiempirical techniques. In this article, the author concentrates on the Hartree-Fock based methods. The attempt here is to construct a theoretical basis for the inclusion of correlation corrections in such an approach, as well as a strategy by which the limits of a finite cluster may be transcended in such a study. The initial appeal will be to a modeling approach, but methods to convert the model to a self-contained theory will be described. It will be seen for the case of diffusion of large ions in solids that such an approach is quite useful. A further study of the case of adsorption of rare gas atoms on simple metals will demonstrate the value of inclusion of electron correlation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lorenzana, J.; Grynberg, M.D.; Yu, L.; Yonemitsu, K.; Bishop, A.R.
1992-11-01
The ground state energy, and static and dynamic correlation functions are investigated in the inhomogeneous Hartree-Fock (HF) plus random phase approximation (RPA) approach applied to a one-dimensional spinless fermion model showing self-trapped doping states at the mean field level. Results are compared with homogeneous HF and exact diagonalization. RPA fluctuations added to the generally inhomogeneous HF ground state allows the computation of dynamical correlation functions that compare well with exact diagonalization results. The RPA correction to the ground state energy agrees well with the exact results at strong and weak coupling limits. We also compare it with a related quasi-boson approach. The instability towards self-trapped behaviour is signaled by a RPA mode with frequency approaching zero. (author). 21 refs, 10 figs
First terms of the Fock expansion for the S-states de HeI and its isoelectronic sequence
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pluvinage, P.
1982-01-01
Suspected by Bartlett as early as 1937, formally built by Fock in 1954, the only expansion able to represent rigorously near the nucleus the wave function of the two electron atomic systems in a ns n's 1 S state is somewhat generalized to be applicable to any S state, and its first two terms are determined. Then, an extension of Ermolaev's results concerning the ns n's 1 S and ns n's 3 S states is realized. The hyperspherical coordinate (r 1 2 + r 2 2 )sup(1/2) being denoted by R, the R 2 term for the first ones, the R 4 , R 4 1n R, R 5 1n R for the second are given explicitly. The computations are performed with two different sets of coordinates in order to make the results easier to handle in theoretical and practical applications. The expressions are made a little more compact by partial summations [fr
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
ANNA-TERESA TYMIENIECKA
2011-05-01
Full Text Available The present-day anatomy of disarray we have to cope with bringsout the necessity of a fundamental change in our spiritual attitude and societal conduct, aiming to reassess the value of wisdom in connection with the scientific and technological progress; all, being grounded in the network of the manifestations of the logos of life. This approach highlights the articulations of our very own vision of heralding a New Enlightenment for humankind, throughout a new critique of reason, by framing a new philosophical insight able to lead us to a better understanding of the meaning of life.
Liang, Wenkel; Isborn, Christine M.; Li, Xiaosong
2009-11-01
The calculation of doubly excited states is one of the major problems plaguing the modern day excited state workhorse methodology of linear response time dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) and density function theory (TDDFT). We have previously shown that the use of a resonantly tuned field within real-time TDHF and TDDFT is able to simultaneously excite both the α and β electrons to achieve the two-electron excited states of minimal basis H2 and HeH+ [C. M. Isborn and X. Li, J. Chem. Phys. 129, 204107 (2008)]. We now extend this method to many electron systems with the use of our Car-Parrinello density matrix search (CP-DMS) with a first-principles fictitious mass method for wave function optimization [X. Li, C. L. Moss, W. Liang, and Y. Feng, J. Chem. Phys. 130, 234115 (2009)]. Real-time TDHF/TDDFT is used during the application of the laser field perturbation, driving the electron density toward the doubly excited state. The CP-DMS method then converges the density to the nearest stationary state. We present these stationary state doubly excited state energies and properties at the HF and DFT levels for H2, HeH+, lithium hydride, ethylene, and butadiene.
Fock exchange in meson theories of nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bolsterli, M.
1986-01-01
The Fock exchange term in meson field theories of nuclear systems is shown to arise from a two-loop ground-state self-energy diagram. Evaluation of this diagram gives the relativistic or semirelativistic analog of the Fock exchange energy; it differs from the nucleon-nucleon Fock energy in including retardation effects. In finite meson-field theories of nuclear systems, the variational nature of the meson-field analog of the Hartree-Fock energy functional can be further elucidated. 4 refs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mazzarella, G.; Toigo, F.; Salasnich, L.; Parola, A.
2011-01-01
We consider a bosonic Josephson junction made of N ultracold and dilute atoms confined by a quasi-one-dimensional double-well potential within the two-site Bose-Hubbard model framework. The behavior of the system is investigated at zero temperature by varying the interatomic interaction from the strongly attractive regime to the repulsive one. We show that the ground state exhibits a crossover from a macroscopic Schroedinger-cat state to a separable Fock state through an atomic coherent regime. By diagonalizing the Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian we characterize the emergence of the macroscopic cat states by calculating the Fisher information F, the coherence by means of the visibility α of the interference fringes in the momentum distribution, and the quantum correlations by using the entanglement entropy S. Both Fisher information and visibility are shown to be related to the ground-state energy by employing the Hellmann-Feynman theorem. This result, together with a perturbative calculation of the ground-state energy, allows simple analytical formulas for F and α to be obtained over a range of interactions, in excellent agreement with the exact diagonalization of the Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian. In the attractive regime the entanglement entropy attains values very close to its upper limit for a specific interaction strength lying in the region where coherence is lost and self-trapping sets in.
Miranda, R P; Fisher, A J; Stella, L; Horsfield, A P
2011-06-28
The solution of the time-dependent Schrödinger equation for systems of interacting electrons is generally a prohibitive task, for which approximate methods are necessary. Popular approaches, such as the time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF) approximation and time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT), are essentially single-configurational schemes. TDHF is by construction incapable of fully accounting for the excited character of the electronic states involved in many physical processes of interest; TDDFT, although exact in principle, is limited by the currently available exchange-correlation functionals. On the other hand, multiconfigurational methods, such as the multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) approach, provide an accurate description of the excited states and can be systematically improved. However, the computational cost becomes prohibitive as the number of degrees of freedom increases, and thus, at present, the MCTDHF method is only practical for few-electron systems. In this work, we propose an alternative approach which effectively establishes a compromise between efficiency and accuracy, by retaining the smallest possible number of configurations that catches the essential features of the electronic wavefunction. Based on a time-dependent variational principle, we derive the MCTDHF working equation for a multiconfigurational expansion with fixed coefficients and specialise to the case of general open-shell states, which are relevant for many physical processes of interest.
Fock-state view of weak-value measurements and implementation with photons and atomic ensembles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Simon, Christoph; Polzik, Eugene S.
2011-01-01
Weak measurements in combination with postselection can give rise to a striking amplification effect (related to a large ''weak value''). We show that this effect can be understood by viewing the initial state of the pointer as the ground state of a fictional harmonic oscillator. This perspective clarifies the relationship between the weak-value regime and other measurement techniques and inspires a proposal to implement fully quantum weak-value measurements combining photons and atomic ensembles.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Molique, H.; Dudek, J.
1997-01-01
A particle-number conserving approach is presented to solve the nuclear mean-field plus pairing Hamiltonian problem with a realistic deformed Woods-Saxon single-particle potential. The method is designed for the state-dependent monopole pairing Hamiltonian H pair =summation αβ G αβ c α † c bar α † c bar β c β with an arbitrary set of matrix elements G αβ . Symmetries of the Hamiltonians on the many-body level are discussed using the language of P symmetry introduced earlier in the literature and are employed to diagonalize the problem; the only essential approximation used is a many-body (Fock-space) basis cutoff. An optimal basis construction is discussed and the stability of the final result with respect to the basis cutoff is illustrated in details. Extensions of the concept of P symmetry are introduced and their consequences for an optimal many-body basis cutoff construction are exploited. An algorithm is constructed allowing to solve the pairing problems in the many-body spaces corresponding to p∼40 particles on n∼80 levels and for several dozens of lowest lying states with precision ∼(1 endash 2) % within seconds of the CPU time on a CRAY computer. Among applications, the presence of the low-lying seniority s=0 solutions, that are usually poorly described in terms of the standard approximations (BCS, HFB), is discussed and demonstrated to play a role in the interpretation of the spectra of rotating nuclei. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Glasser, M. L.; March, N. H.; Nieto, L. M. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Universidad de Valladolid, ES-47011 Valladolid, Spain and Department of Physics, Clarkson University, Potsdam, New York 13699 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Antwerp, BE-2020 Antwerp, Belgium and Department of Theoretical Chemistry, University of Oxford, Oxford OX1 2JD (United Kingdom); Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Universidad de Valladolid, ES-47011 Valladolid (Spain)
2011-12-15
Here attention is first drawn to the importance of gaining insight into Fock's early proposal for expanding the ground-state wave function for He-like atomic ions in hyperspherical coordinates. We approach the problem via two solvable models, namely, (i) the s-term model put forth by Temkin [Phys. Rev. 126, 130 (1962)] and (ii) the Hookean atom model proposed by Kestner and Sinanoglu [Phys. Rev. 128, 2687 (1962)]. In both cases the local kinetic energy can be obtained explicitly in hyperspherical coordinates. Separation of variables occurs in both model wave functions, though in a different context in the two cases. Finally, a k-space formulation is proposed that should eventually result in distinctive identifying characteristics of Fock's nonanalyticities for He-like atomic ions when both electrons are close to the nucleus.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Delta, E.; Ucun, F.; Saglam, A.
2010-01-01
The ground state hydrogen conformations of 1,2-dihydroxyanthraquinone (alizarin) molecule have been investigated using ab initio Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (B3LYP) methods with 6-31G(d,p) basis set. The calculations indicate that the compound in the ground state exist with the doubly bonded O atom linked intra molecularly by the two hydrogen bonds. The vibrational analyses of the ground state conformation of the compound were also made and its optimized geometry parameters were given.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Swope, W.C.; Schaefer, H.F. III; Yarkony, D.R.
1980-01-01
The use of Clebsch--Gordan-type coupling coefficients for finite point groups is applied to the problem of constructing symmetrized N-electron wave functions (configurations) for use by the Hartree--Fock SCF and CI methods of determining electronic wave functions for molecular systems. The configurations are eigenfunctions of electronic spin operators, and transform according to a particular irreducible representation of the relevant group of spatial operations which leave the Born--Oppenheimer Hamiltonian invariant. The method proposed for constructing the configurations involves a genealogical coupling procedure. It is particularly useful for studies of molecules which belong to a group which has multiply degenerate irreducible representations. The advantage of the method is that it results in configurations which are real linear combinations of determinants of real symmetry orbitals. This procedure for constructing configurations also allows for the identification of configurations which have no matrix element of the Hamiltonian with a reference configuration. It is therefore possible to construct a Hartree--Fock interacting space of configurations which can speed the convergence of a CI wave function. The coupling method is applied to a study of the ground and two excited electronic states of BH 3 in its D/sub 3h/ geometry. The theoretical approach involved Hartree--Fock SCF calculations followed by single and double substitution CI calculations, both of which employed double-zeta plus polarization quality basis sets
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goodman, A L [Carnegie-Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, Pa. (USA)
1976-07-12
The Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov cranking equations are solved for /sup 168/ /sup 170/Yb and /sup 174/Hf. Deformation and pairing properties are both obtained with a G-matrix derived from the Reid soft-core potential. The high spin anomalies are attributed to the disappearance of the neutron pair gap in /sup 168/Yb, the realignment of an isub(13/2) neutron pair in /sup 170/Yb, and a combination of these two mechanisms in /sup 174/Hf. Two bands intersecting at high spin are found for /sup 174/Hf.
New algorithm for Hartree-Fock variational equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Iwasawa, K.; Sakata, F.; Hashimoto, Y.; Terasaki, J.
1994-08-01
Aiming at microscopically understanding the shape-coexistence phenomena, a new algorithm for obtaining many self-consistent Hartree-Fock states is developed. In contrast with the conventional numerical method of solving the constrained Hartree-Fock equation which gives the most energetically favorable state under a given constrained condition, it can find many high-lying Hartree-Fock states as well as many continuous constraint Hartree-Fock solutions by dictating their configurations through some reference state. Numerical calculation is performed by using the Skyrme III. (author)
Physical Fock space of tensionless strings
Antoniadis, Ignatios; Antoniadis, Ignatios; Savvidy, George
2004-01-01
We study the physical Fock space of the tensionless string theory with perimeter action which has pure massless spectrum. The states are classified by the Wigner's little group for massless particles. The ground state contains infinite many massless fields of fixed helicity, the excitation levels realize CSR representations. We demonstrate that the first and the second excitation levels are physical null states.
32 CFR 507.14 - Controlled heraldic items.
2010-07-01
... HERALDIC DESIGNS AND HERALDIC QUALITY CONTROL PROGRAM Heraldic Quality Control Program § 507.14 Controlled..., U.S. Army. (d) U.S. Air Force organizational emblems for other than major commands. (e) Hand...
Parsing polarization squeezing into Fock layers
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Mueller, Christian R.; Madsen, Lars Skovgaard; Klimov, Andrei B.
2016-01-01
photon number do the methods coincide; when the photon number is indefinite, we parse the state in Fock layers, finding that substantially higher squeezing can be observed in some of the single layers. By capitalizing on the properties of the Husimi Q function, we map this notion onto the Poincare space......, providing a full account of the measured squeezing....
King, Andrew W; Baskerville, Adam L; Cox, Hazel
2018-03-13
An implementation of the Hartree-Fock (HF) method using a Laguerre-based wave function is described and used to accurately study the ground state of two-electron atoms in the fixed nucleus approximation, and by comparison with fully correlated (FC) energies, used to determine accurate electron correlation energies. A variational parameter A is included in the wave function and is shown to rapidly increase the convergence of the energy. The one-electron integrals are solved by series solution and an analytical form is found for the two-electron integrals. This methodology is used to produce accurate wave functions, energies and expectation values for the helium isoelectronic sequence, including at low nuclear charge just prior to electron detachment. Additionally, the critical nuclear charge for binding two electrons within the HF approach is calculated and determined to be Z HF C =1.031 177 528.This article is part of the theme issue 'Modern theoretical chemistry'. © 2018 The Author(s).
The Hartree-Fock approximation applied to nuclear structure problems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oliveira, D.R. de.
1972-01-01
The Hartree-Fock indepedent-particle state basis is firstly constructed, whose wave functions are expressed as linear combinations of states of a Known basis. The coefficients of these combinations are reals e from themselves the Hartree-Fock density matrix is defined. The symmetries which characterize the system in study are embedded in these coefficients and in the density matrix. The formalism is applied to the Ne 20 , Si 28 and Ar 36 nuclei whose lowest Hartree-Fock energies are obtained admitting that theirs wave functions having axial symmetry. Once known the Hartree-Fock wave function, states are projected from it with well-defined total angular momentum using the Peierls and Yoccoz method. From these wave functions energy levels of the ground band are calculated as well as the electric quadrupole transition probabilities among these levels. (L.C.) [pt
Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov Calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wolter, H.H.
1970-01-01
The author discusses in which way and to what extent pairing correlations affect the nuclear wave function. He finds that for many nuclei in the pf-shell the Hartree-Fock approximation is not valid. (author)
Time-dependent Hartree-Fock dynamics and phase transition in Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kan, K.; Lichtner, P.C.; Dworzecka, M.; Griffin, J.J.
1980-01-01
The time-dependent Hartree-Fock solutions of the two-level Lipkin-Meshkov-Glick model are studied by transforming the time-dependent Hartree-Fock equations into Hamilton's canonical form and analyzing the qualitative structure of the Hartree-Fock energy surface in the phase space. It is shown that as the interaction strength increases these time-dependent Hartree-Fock solutions undergo a qualitative change associated with the ground state phase transition previously studied in terms of coherent states. For two-body interactions stronger than the critical value, two types of time-dependent Hartree-Fock solutions (the ''librations'' and ''rotations'' in Hamilton's mechanics) exist simultaneously, while for weaker interactions only the rotations persist. It is also shown that the coherent states with the maximum total pseudospin value are determinants, so that time-dependent Hartree-Fock analysis is equivalent to the coherent state method
Herald Eelma teosed Soomes / Anne Lõugas
Lõugas, Anne, 1951-
1999-01-01
10. nov. avati Põhja-Soomes Kuhmo linnas uus 'Kalevala' infokeskus Juminkeko (arhitektid M. Heikkinen, M. Komonen), kus on 6. jaan.-ni 2000 avatud 'Kalevala'-teemaline kunstinäitus. Eksponeeritud Vitali Dobrõnini õlimaalid, Robino Ntila tushijoonistused ja puulõiked, Luong Xuan Doan'i akvarellilaadsed 'Kalevala' interpretatsioonid, Herald Eelma 'Kalevala' 1985. a. eestikeelsele väljaandele tehtud 20 joonistust ja 1999. a. tehtud 20 'Kalevala'-teemalist joonistust
Multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock calculations for complex atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fischer, C.F.
1984-01-01
The Hartree-Fock method has become a standard in atomic structure theory. Simpler methods are often compared with it when accessing their reliability or worth and the notion of correlation, which intuitively may be thought of as the correction needed to account for the fact that electrons do not move independently in a central field, is defined with respect to the Hartree-Fock method rather than some other independent-particle model. In fact, in an earlier article in this series, Fricke (Progress in Atomic Spectroscopy, Part A, Plenum Press (1978)), states, ''The so-called HF method is the basis of all good atomic calculations.'' In some sense, the Hartree-Fock method is the best method. The author briefly reviews its properties here. 67 references, 2 figures
Superintegrability of the Fock-Darwin system
Drigho-Filho, E.; Kuru, Ş.; Negro, J.; Nieto, L. M.
2017-08-01
The Fock-Darwin system is analyzed from the point of view of its symmetry properties in the quantum and classical frameworks. The quantum Fock-Darwin system is known to have two sets of ladder operators, a fact which guarantees its solvability. We show that for rational values of the quotient of two relevant frequencies, this system is superintegrable, the quantum symmetries being responsible for the degeneracy of the energy levels. These symmetries are of higher order and close a polynomial algebra. In the classical case, the ladder operators are replaced by ladder functions and the symmetries by constants of motion. We also prove that the rational classical system is superintegrable and its trajectories are closed. The constants of motion are also generators of symmetry transformations in the phase space that have been integrated for some special cases. These transformations connect different trajectories with the same energy. The coherent states of the quantum superintegrable system are found and they reproduce the closed trajectories of the classical one.
Modeling electron fractionalization with unconventional Fock spaces.
Cobanera, Emilio
2017-08-02
It is shown that certain fractionally-charged quasiparticles can be modeled on D-dimensional lattices in terms of unconventional yet simple Fock algebras of creation and annihilation operators. These unconventional Fock algebras are derived from the usual fermionic algebra by taking roots (the square root, cubic root, etc) of the usual fermionic creation and annihilation operators. If the fermions carry non-Abelian charges, then this approach fractionalizes the Abelian charges only. In particular, the mth-root of a spinful fermion carries charge e/m and spin 1/2. Just like taking a root of a complex number, taking a root of a fermion yields a mildly non-unique result. As a consequence, there are several possible choices of quantum exchange statistics for fermion-root quasiparticles. These choices are tied to the dimensionality [Formula: see text] of the lattice by basic physical considerations. One particular family of fermion-root quasiparticles is directly connected to the parafermion zero-energy modes expected to emerge in certain mesoscopic devices involving fractional quantum Hall states. Hence, as an application of potential mesoscopic interest, I investigate numerically the hybridization of Majorana and parafermion zero-energy edge modes caused by fractionalizing but charge-conserving tunneling.
Quadratically convergent MCSCF scheme using Fock operators
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Das, G.
1981-01-01
A quadratically convergent formulation of the MCSCF method using Fock operators is presented. Among its advantages the present formulation is quadratically convergent unlike the earlier ones based on Fock operators. In contrast to other quadratically convergent schemes as well as the one based on generalized Brillouin's theorem, this method leads easily to a hybrid scheme where the weakly coupled orbitals (such as the core) are handled purely by Fock equations, while the rest of the orbitals are treated by a quadratically convergent approach with a truncated virtual space obtained by the use of the corresponding Fock equations
Engineering integrated photonics for heralded quantum gates.
Meany, Thomas; Biggerstaff, Devon N; Broome, Matthew A; Fedrizzi, Alessandro; Delanty, Michael; Steel, M J; Gilchrist, Alexei; Marshall, Graham D; White, Andrew G; Withford, Michael J
2016-06-10
Scaling up linear-optics quantum computing will require multi-photon gates which are compact, phase-stable, exhibit excellent quantum interference, and have success heralded by the detection of ancillary photons. We investigate the design, fabrication and characterisation of the optimal known gate scheme which meets these requirements: the Knill controlled-Z gate, implemented in integrated laser-written waveguide arrays. We show device performance to be less sensitive to phase variations in the circuit than to small deviations in the coupler reflectivity, which are expected given the tolerance values of the fabrication method. The mode fidelity is also shown to be less sensitive to reflectivity and phase errors than the process fidelity. Our best device achieves a fidelity of 0.931 ± 0.001 with the ideal 4 × 4 unitary circuit and a process fidelity of 0.680 ± 0.005 with the ideal computational-basis process.
Engineering integrated photonics for heralded quantum gates
Meany, Thomas; Biggerstaff, Devon N.; Broome, Matthew A.; Fedrizzi, Alessandro; Delanty, Michael; Steel, M. J.; Gilchrist, Alexei; Marshall, Graham D.; White, Andrew G.; Withford, Michael J.
2016-06-01
Scaling up linear-optics quantum computing will require multi-photon gates which are compact, phase-stable, exhibit excellent quantum interference, and have success heralded by the detection of ancillary photons. We investigate the design, fabrication and characterisation of the optimal known gate scheme which meets these requirements: the Knill controlled-Z gate, implemented in integrated laser-written waveguide arrays. We show device performance to be less sensitive to phase variations in the circuit than to small deviations in the coupler reflectivity, which are expected given the tolerance values of the fabrication method. The mode fidelity is also shown to be less sensitive to reflectivity and phase errors than the process fidelity. Our best device achieves a fidelity of 0.931 ± 0.001 with the ideal 4 × 4 unitary circuit and a process fidelity of 0.680 ± 0.005 with the ideal computational-basis process.
The Hartree-Fock seniority approximation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gomez, J.M.G.; Prieto, C.
1986-01-01
A new self-consistent method is used to take into account the mean-field and the pairing correlations in nuclei at the same time. We call it the Hartree-Fock seniority approximation, because the long-range and short-range correlations are treated in the frameworks of Hartree-Fock theory and the seniority scheme. The method is developed in detail for a minimum-seniority variational wave function in the coordinate representation for an effective interaction of the Skyrme type. An advantage of the present approach over the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory is the exact conservation of angular momentum and particle number. Furthermore, the computational effort required in the Hartree-Fock seniority approximation is similar to that ofthe pure Hartree-Fock picture. Some numerical calculations for Ca isotopes are presented. (orig.)
Rosyida Ekawati
2016-01-01
This article deals with the ideology represented by newspaper editorials. It is from the idea that every language use is never neutral and not ideology-free. Language is used to convey meanings in a broad sense. There are meanings related to the opinions through the language as resources of evaluation. Editorial is one practice of language use full of opinions towards a certain issue on people or things. Sydney Morning Herald and Herald Sun are used as both Australian newspaper posit themselv...
Heralded entangling quantum gate via cavity-assisted photon scattering
Borges, Halyne S.; Rossatto, Daniel Z.; Luiz, Fabrício S.; Villas-Boas, Celso J.
2018-01-01
We theoretically investigate the generation of heralded entanglement between two identical atoms via cavity-assisted photon scattering in two different configurations, namely, either both atoms confined in the same cavity or trapped into locally separated ones. Our protocols are given by a very simple and elegant single-step process, the key mechanism of which is a controlled-phase-flip gate implemented by impinging a single photon on single-sided cavities. In particular, when the atoms are localized in remote cavities, we introduce a single-step parallel quantum circuit instead of the serial process extensively adopted in the literature. We also show that such parallel circuit can be straightforwardly applied to entangle two macroscopic clouds of atoms. Both protocols proposed here predict a high entanglement degree with a success probability close to unity for state-of-the-art parameters. Among other applications, our proposal and its extension to multiple atom-cavity systems step toward a suitable route for quantum networking, in particular for quantum state transfer, quantum teleportation, and nonlocal quantum memory.
The Hartree-Fock seniority method and its foundation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gomez, J.M.G.; Prieto, C.
1987-01-01
The seniority scheme is discussed in the framewok of quasi-spin formalism. It is shown that the ground-state wave function of the seniority scheme can be determined self-consistently from a set of Hartree-Fock seniority equations derived from the variational prinicple. The method takes into account the mean-field and the pairing correlations in nuclei at the same time. Angular momentum and particle number are exactly conserved. (author)
Time-dependent--S-matrix Hartree-Fock theory of complex reactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Griffin, J.J.; Lichtner, P.C.; Dworzecka, M.
1980-01-01
Some limitations of the conventional time-dependent Hartree-Fock method for describing complex reactions are noted, and one particular ubiquitous defect is discussed in detail: the post-breakup spurious cross channel correlations which arise whenever several asymptotic reaction channels must be simultaneously described by a single determinant. A reformulated time-dependent--S-matrix Hartree-Fock theory is proposed, which obviates this difficulty. Axiomatic requirements minimal to assure that the time-dependent--S-matrix Hartree-Fock theory represents an unambiguous and physically interpretable asymptotic reaction theory are utilized to prescribe conditions upon the definition of acceptable asymptotic channels. That definition, in turn, defines the physical range of the time-dependent--S-matrix Hartree-Fock theory to encompass the collisions of mathematically well-defined ''time-dependent Hartree-Fock droplets.'' The physical properties of these objects then circumscribe the content of the Hartree-Fock single determinantal description. If their periodic vibrations occur for continuous ranges of energy then the resulting ''classical'' time-dependent Hartree-Fock droplets are seen to be intrinsically dissipative, and the single determinantal description of their collisions reduces to a ''trajectory'' theory which can describe the masses and relative motions of the fragments but can provide no information about specific asymptotic excited states beyond their constants of motion, or the average properties of the limit, if it exists, of their equilibrization process. If, on the other hand, the periodic vibrations of the time-dependent Hartree-Fock droplets are discrete in energy, then the time-dependent--S-matrix Hartree-Fock theory can describe asymptotically the time-average properties of the whole spectrum of such periodic vibrations
Testing the multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree-Fock method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zanghellini, Juergen; Kitzler, Markus; Brabec, Thomas; Scrinzi, Armin
2004-01-01
We test the multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree-Fock method as a new approach towards the numerical calculation of dynamical processes in multi-electron systems using the harmonic quantum dot and one-dimensional helium in strong laser pulses as models. We find rapid convergence for quantities such as ground-state population, correlation coefficient and single ionization towards the exact results. The method converges, where the time-dependent Hartree-Fock method fails qualitatively
Generation of Fourier-transform-limited heralded single photons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
U'Ren, Alfred B.; Jeronimo-Moreno, Yasser; Garcia-Gracia, Hipolito
2007-01-01
In this paper we study the spectral (temporal) properties of heralded single photon wave packets, triggered by the detection of an idler photon in the process of parametric down conversion. The generated single photons are studied within the framework of the chronocyclic Wigner function, from which the single photon spectral width and temporal duration can be computed. We derive specific conditions on the two-photon joint spectral amplitude which result in both pure and Fourier-transform-limited heralded single photons. Likewise, we present specific source geometries which lead to the fulfillment of these conditions and show that one of these geometries leads, for a given pump bandwidth, to the temporally shortest possible heralded single photon wave packets
Plötner, Jürgen; Tozer, David J; Dreuw, Andreas
2010-08-10
Time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) with standard GGA or hybrid exchange-correlation functionals is not capable of describing the potential energy surface of the S1 state of Pigment Yellow 101 correctly; an additional local minimum is observed at a twisted geometry with substantial charge transfer (CT) character. To investigate the influence of nonlocal exact orbital (Hartree-Fock) exchange on the shape of the potential energy surface of the S1 state in detail, it has been computed along the twisting coordinate employing the standard BP86, B3LYP, and BHLYP xc-functionals as well as the long-range separated (LRS) exchange-correlation (xc)-functionals LC-BOP, ωB97X, ωPBE, and CAM-B3LYP and compared to RI-CC2 benchmark results. Additionally, a recently suggested Λ-parameter has been employed that measures the amount of CT in an excited state by calculating the spatial overlap of the occupied and virtual molecular orbitals involved in the transition. Here, the error in the calculated S1 potential energy curves at BP86, B3LYP, and BHLYP can be clearly related to the Λ-parameter, i.e., to the extent of charge transfer. Additionally, it is demonstrated that the CT problem is largely alleviated when the BHLYP xc-functional is employed, although it still exhibits a weak tendency to underestimate the energy of CT states. The situation improves drastically when LRS-functionals are employed within TDDFT excited state calculations. All tested LRS-functionals give qualitatively the correct potential energy curves of the energetically lowest excited states of P. Y. 101 along the twisting coordinate. While LC-BOP and ωB97X overcorrect the CT problem and now tend to give too large excitation energies compared to other non-CT states, ωPBE and CAM-B3LYP are in excellent agreement with the RI-CC2 results, with respect to both the correct shape of the potential energy curve as well as the absolute values of the calculated excitation energies.
Quantum Computing in Fock Space Systems
Berezin, Alexander A.
1997-04-01
Fock space system (FSS) has unfixed number (N) of particles and/or degrees of freedom. In quantum computing (QC) main requirement is sustainability of coherent Q-superpositions. This normally favoured by low noise environment. High excitation/high temperature (T) limit is hence discarded as unfeasible for QC. Conversely, if N is itself a quantized variable, the dimensionality of Hilbert basis for qubits may increase faster (say, N-exponentially) than thermal noise (likely, in powers of N and T). Hence coherency may win over T-randomization. For this type of QC speed (S) of factorization of long integers (with D digits) may increase with D (for 'ordinary' QC speed polynomially decreases with D). This (apparent) paradox rests on non-monotonic bijectivity (cf. Georg Cantor's diagonal counting of rational numbers). This brings entire aleph-null structurality ("Babylonian Library" of infinite informational content of integer field) to superposition determining state of quantum analogue of Turing machine head. Structure of integer infinititude (e.g. distribution of primes) results in direct "Platonic pressure" resembling semi-virtual Casimir efect (presure of cut-off vibrational modes). This "effect", the embodiment of Pythagorean "Number is everything", renders Godelian barrier arbitrary thin and hence FSS-based QC can in principle be unlimitedly efficient (e.g. D/S may tend to zero when D tends to infinity).
Parallel scalability of Hartree-Fock calculations
Chow, Edmond; Liu, Xing; Smelyanskiy, Mikhail; Hammond, Jeff R.
2015-03-01
Quantum chemistry is increasingly performed using large cluster computers consisting of multiple interconnected nodes. For a fixed molecular problem, the efficiency of a calculation usually decreases as more nodes are used, due to the cost of communication between the nodes. This paper empirically investigates the parallel scalability of Hartree-Fock calculations. The construction of the Fock matrix and the density matrix calculation are analyzed separately. For the former, we use a parallelization of Fock matrix construction based on a static partitioning of work followed by a work stealing phase. For the latter, we use density matrix purification from the linear scaling methods literature, but without using sparsity. When using large numbers of nodes for moderately sized problems, density matrix computations are network-bandwidth bound, making purification methods potentially faster than eigendecomposition methods.
Hankel transforms in generalized Fock spaces
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
John Schmeelk
1994-01-01
Full Text Available A classical Fock space consists of functions of the form,ϕ↔(ϕ0,ϕ1,…,ϕq,where ϕ0∈ℂ and ϕq∈Lp(ℝq, q≥1. We will replace the ϕq, q≥1 with test functions having Hankel transforms. This space is a natural generalization of a classical Fock space as seen by expanding functionals having abstract Taylor Series. The particular coefficients of such series are multilinear functionals having distributions as their domain. Convergence requirements set forth are somewhat in the spirit of ultra differentiable functions and ultra distribution theory. The Hankel transform oftentimes implemented in Cauchy problems will be introduced into this setting. A theorem will be proven relating the convergence of the transform to the inductive limit parameter, s, which sweeps out a scale of generalized Fock spaces.
Heralded entanglement of two remote atoms
Krug, Michael; Hofmann, Julian; Ortegel, Norbert; Gerard, Lea; Redeker, Kai; Henkel, Florian; Rosenfeld, Wenjamin; Weber, Markus; Weinfurter, Harald
2012-06-01
Entanglement between atomic quantum memories at remote locations will be a key resource for future applications in quantum communication. One possibility to generate such entanglement over large distances is entanglement swapping starting from two quantum memories each entangled with a photon. The photons can be transported to a Bell-state measurement where after the atomic quantum memories are projected onto an entangled state. We have set up two independently operated single atom experiments separated by 20 m. Via a spontaneous decay process each quantum memory, in our case a single Rb-87 atom, emits a single photon whose polarization is entangled with the atomic spin. The photons one emitted from each atom are collected into single-mode optical fibers guided to a non-polarizing 50-50 beam-splitter and detected by avalanche photodetectors. Bunching of indistinguishable photons allows to perform a Bell-state measurement on the photons. Conditioned on the registration of particular two-photon coincidences the spin states of both atoms are measured. The observed correlations clearly prove the entanglement of the two atoms. This is a first step towards creating a basic node of a quantum network as well as a key prerequisite for a future loophole-free test of Bell's inequality.
Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation for finite systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bulgac, A.
1980-08-01
The features of the spectrum of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equations are examined. Special attention is paid to the asymptotic behaviours of the single quasiparticle wave functions (s.qp.w.fs.), matter density distribution and density of the pair condensate. It is shown that, due to the coupling between hole and particle, the sufficiently deeply bound hole states acquire a width and consequently have to be treated as continuum states. The proper normalization of the s.qp.w.fs. is discussed. (author)
Hartree--Fock density matrix equation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cohen, L.; Frishberg, C.
1976-01-01
An equation for the Hartree--Fock density matrix is discussed and the possibility of solving this equation directly for the density matrix instead of solving the Hartree--Fock equation for orbitals is considered. Toward that end the density matrix is expanded in a finite basis to obtain the matrix representative equation. The closed shell case is considered. Two numerical schemes are developed and applied to a number of examples. One example is given where the standard orbital method does not converge while the method presented here does
Hartree--Fock time-dependent problem
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bove, A; Fano, G [Bologna Univ. (Italy). Istituto di Fisica; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bologna (Italy)); Da Prato, G [Rome Univ. (Italy). Istituto di Matematica
1976-06-01
A previous result is generalized. An existence and uniqueness theorem is proved for the Hartree--Fock time-dependent problem in the case of a finite Fermi system interacting via a two body potential which is supposed to be dominated by the kinetic energy part of the one-particle Hamiltonian.
'The Music Herald' 1922: A esthetical and ideological aspects
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vasić Aleksandar
2009-01-01
Full Text Available The Music Herald was the first music magazine to appear in Belgrade after WWI. It was published monthly, for a year (January - December 1922. Its editor-in-chief was Petar Krstić, a composer. Other members of the editorial staff were Božidar Joksimović, Stevan Hristić, Kosta Manojlović (composers Vladimir R. Đorđević (an ethnomusicologist and Jovan Zorko (a violinist. Over 200 articles were published in the magazine. It dealt with different genres of music writings, such as articles, treatises, documents on the history of Serbian / Yugoslav music, music criticism, polemics, necrologies and bibliographies. Twenty-four compositions by native composers were published in the musical supplement of The Music Herald, among them the works of its editors as well as those of other Yugoslav musicians. The Music Herald dealt with three fields of interest: music historiography, ethnomusicology and the current topics of its epoch. When the magazine started, Serbian musicology was in its initial stage so the editors were trying to foster its development. They published numerous biographies of Serbian 19th century musicians, as well as documents on Serbian music culture during the reign of Prince Miloš Obrenović. Music folklore was also very often the subject of interest in the magazine. The Music Herald was interested in current topics and covered the Yugoslav music school system, opera houses, military music music associations, etc. It was especially interested in choral societies which in the course of the 19th century took up not only an artistic, but also a political and patriotic role in the liberation movement. After WWI choral societies entered a period of crisis. Their political raison d'être was lost, so they were faced with the challenge of achieving higher professional standards. This study deals with two aspects of 'The Music Herald': aesthetic and ideological aspects. In terms of ideology, the magazine was strongly in favor of the
Neutrinos herald possible new physics in Japan
2011-01-01
There’s an embarrassment of choice for my message this week. Firstly, it was great to see a press release from the Japanese T2K (Tokai to Kamioka) experiment on 15 June, signalling not only potentially great physics, but also that the Japanese physics community is getting back on its feet after the earthquake and tsunami. Back home, the LHC is running beautifully... Crossing the inverse femtobarn threshold so early into this years run is wonderful achievement, and augurs well for the summer conferences. We’ve now reached the stage where a single LHC fill is delivering as much data as the entire 2010 run. And finally, when Council met this week, I was pleased to announce that CERN has received formal confirmation from all five applicants for membership, opening the way to CERN welcoming new members soon. A busy two weeks, then, but what I’d like to focus on is the new result from Japan. Simply stated, the T2K result shows the first indication of...
Orthogonal polynomials, Laguerre Fock space, and quasi-classical asymptotics
Engliš, Miroslav; Ali, S. Twareque
2015-07-01
Continuing our earlier investigation of the Hermite case [S. T. Ali and M. Engliš, J. Math. Phys. 55, 042102 (2014)], we study an unorthodox variant of the Berezin-Toeplitz quantization scheme associated with Laguerre polynomials. In particular, we describe a "Laguerre analogue" of the classical Fock (Segal-Bargmann) space and the relevant semi-classical asymptotics of its Toeplitz operators; the former actually turns out to coincide with the Hilbert space appearing in the construction of the well-known Barut-Girardello coherent states. Further extension to the case of Legendre polynomials is likewise discussed.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ripka, G [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 91 - Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires
1968-09-01
Most of the content of this thesis is published in english in Advances In Nuclear Physics, Vol. 1 (Editors: Baranger and Vogt - Plenum Press). The Hartree- Fock equations are derived. The expansions of the orbits and the possible symmetries of the Hartree-Fock field are discussed. Wavefunctions of even-even N = Z nuclei are given for 12 {<=} A {<=} 40. The role of the monopole, quadrupole and exchange components of the force are discussed. The multiplicity of the solutions and the effect of the spin-orbit interaction are discussed. Exact angular momentum projection is used to generate rotational bands. The validity of the adiabatic rotational model in light nuclei is discussed. Hartree-Fock calculations are extended to include major-shell mixing in order to obtain quadrupole deformations without the use of effective charge. The incompressibility, of nuclei is discussed and the compatibility between the Hartree-Fock solutions, the Mottelson model of quadrupole deformations and the SU3 states of J.P. Elliott and M. Moshinsky is established. (author) [French] La theorie de Hartree-Fock est appliquee au calcul des fonctions d'onde des noyaux legers deformes. Les equations de Hartree-Fock, les symetries permises et le choix du developpement des orbites sont discutes. Les fonctions d'onde des noyaux pair-pairs N = Z (12 {<=} A {<=} 40) sont tabulees. Les contributions des composantes monopolaires et quadrupolaires ainsi que des termes d'echange de la force nucleon-nucleon sont discutees. La methode de projection de moment cinetique est utilisee pour engendrer les bandes de rotation. La validite du modele rotationnel adiabatique est discutee. Les calculs de Hartree-Fock qui tiennent compte du melange de plusieurs couches majeures dans chaque orbite sont appliques au calcul des deformations quadrupolaires sans l'utilisation de charge effective. L'incompressibilite des noyaux et la compatibilite des fonctions d'onde de Hartree- Fock avec les fonctions d'onde SU3 de J
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Ripka, G. [Commissariat a l' Energie Atomique, 91 - Saclay (France). Centre d' Etudes Nucleaires
1968-09-01
Most of the content of this thesis is published in english in Advances In Nuclear Physics, Vol. 1 (Editors: Baranger and Vogt - Plenum Press). The Hartree- Fock equations are derived. The expansions of the orbits and the possible symmetries of the Hartree-Fock field are discussed. Wavefunctions of even-even N = Z nuclei are given for 12 {<=} A {<=} 40. The role of the monopole, quadrupole and exchange components of the force are discussed. The multiplicity of the solutions and the effect of the spin-orbit interaction are discussed. Exact angular momentum projection is used to generate rotational bands. The validity of the adiabatic rotational model in light nuclei is discussed. Hartree-Fock calculations are extended to include major-shell mixing in order to obtain quadrupole deformations without the use of effective charge. The incompressibility, of nuclei is discussed and the compatibility between the Hartree-Fock solutions, the Mottelson model of quadrupole deformations and the SU3 states of J.P. Elliott and M. Moshinsky is established. (author) [French] La theorie de Hartree-Fock est appliquee au calcul des fonctions d'onde des noyaux legers deformes. Les equations de Hartree-Fock, les symetries permises et le choix du developpement des orbites sont discutes. Les fonctions d'onde des noyaux pair-pairs N = Z (12 {<=} A {<=} 40) sont tabulees. Les contributions des composantes monopolaires et quadrupolaires ainsi que des termes d'echange de la force nucleon-nucleon sont discutees. La methode de projection de moment cinetique est utilisee pour engendrer les bandes de rotation. La validite du modele rotationnel adiabatique est discutee. Les calculs de Hartree-Fock qui tiennent compte du melange de plusieurs couches majeures dans chaque orbite sont appliques au calcul des deformations quadrupolaires sans l'utilisation de charge effective. L'incompressibilite des noyaux et la compatibilite des fonctions d'onde de Hartree- Fock avec les
Photons in Fock space and beyond
Honegger, Reinhard
2015-01-01
The three-volume major reference "Photons in Fock Space and Beyond" undertakes a new mathematical and conceptual foundation of the theory of light emphasizing mesoscopic radiation systems. The quantum optical notions are generalized beyond Fock representations where the richness of an infinite dimensional quantum field system, with its mathematical difficulties and theoretical possibilities, is fully taken into account. It aims at a microscopic formulation of a mesoscopic model class which covers in principle all stages of the generation and propagation of light within a unified and well-defined conceptual frame. The dynamics of the interacting systems is founded — according to original works of the authors — on convergent perturbation series and describes the developments of the quantized microscopic as well as the classical collective degrees of freedom at the same time. The achieved theoretical unification fits especially to laser and microwave applications inheriting objective information over quantu...
White noise calculus and Fock space
Obata, Nobuaki
1994-01-01
White Noise Calculus is a distribution theory on Gaussian space, proposed by T. Hida in 1975. This approach enables us to use pointwise defined creation and annihilation operators as well as the well-established theory of nuclear space.This self-contained monograph presents, for the first time, a systematic introduction to operator theory on fock space by means of white noise calculus. The goal is a comprehensive account of general expansion theory of Fock space operators and its applications. In particular,first order differential operators, Laplacians, rotation group, Fourier transform and their interrelations are discussed in detail w.r.t. harmonic analysis on Gaussian space. The mathematical formalism used here is based on distribution theory and functional analysis , prior knowledge of white noise calculus is not required.
Hartree-Fock calculations of nuclear masses
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Quentin, P.
1976-01-01
Hartree-Fock calculations pertaining to the determination of nuclear binding energies throughout the whole chart of nuclides are reviewed. Such an approach is compared with other methods. Main techniques in use are shortly presented. Advantages and drawbacks of these calculations are also discussed with a special emphasis on the extrapolation towards nuclei far from the stability valley. Finally, a discussion of some selected results from light to superheavy nuclei, is given [fr
Dixmier trace and the Fock space
Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database
Bommier-Hato, H.; Engliš, Miroslav; Youssfi, E.-H.
2014-01-01
Roč. 138, č. 2 (2014), s. 199-224 ISSN 0007-4497 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) MEB021108; GA AV ČR IAA100190802; GA ČR GA201/09/0473 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : Fock space * Weyl calculus * Toeplitz operator Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.190, year: 2014 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0007449713000481
Extension of Hartree-Fock theory including tensor correlation in nuclear matter
Hu, Jinniu; Toki, Hiroshi; Ogawa, Yoko
2013-10-01
We study the properties of nuclear matter in the extension of Hartree-Fock theory including tensor correlation using a realistic nucleon-nucleon (NN) interaction. The nuclear wave function consists of the Hartree-Fock and two-particle-two-hole (2p-2h) states, following the concept of the tensor-optimized shell model (TOSM) for light nuclei. The short range repulsion and strong tensor force of realistic NN interaction provide high momentum components, which are taken into account in a many-body framework by introducing 2p-2h states. Single particle states are determined by the variational principle of the total energy with respect to 2p-2h amplitudes and Hartree-Fock (HF) single-particle states. The resulting differential equation is almost identical with that of Brueckner-Hartree-Fock (BHF) theory by taking two-body scattering terms only. We calculate the equation of state (EOS) of nuclear matter in this framework with the Bonn potential as a realistic NN interaction. We found similar results to BHF theory with slightly repulsive effects in the total energy. The relativistic effect is discussed for the EOSs of nuclear matter in both non-relativistic and relativistic frameworks. The momentum distribution has large components at high momenta due to 2p-2h excitations. We also obtain the EOSs of pure neutron matter, where the tensor effect is small in the iso-vector channel.
Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model: a theoretical and numerical perspective
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Paul, S.
2012-01-01
This work is devoted to the theoretical and numerical study of Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory for attractive quantum systems, which is one of the main methods in nuclear physics. We first present the model and its main properties, and then explain how to get numerical solutions. We prove some convergence results, in particular for the simple fixed point algorithm (sometimes called Roothaan). We show that it converges, or oscillates between two states, none of them being a solution. This generalizes to the HFB case previous results of Cances and Le Bris for the simpler Hartree-Fock model in the repulsive case. Following these authors, we also propose a relaxed constraint algorithm for which convergence is guaranteed. In the last part of the thesis, we illustrate the behavior of these algorithms by some numerical experiments. We first consider a system where the particles only interact through the Newton potential. Our numerical results show that the pairing matrix never vanishes, a fact that has not yet been proved rigorously. We then study a very simplified model for protons and neutrons in a nucleus. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Almbladh, C.-O.; Ekenberg, U.; Pedroza, A.C.
1983-01-01
The authors compare the electron densities and Hartree potentials in the local density and the Hartree-Fock approximations to the corresponding quantities obtained from more accurate correlated wavefunctions. The comparison is made for a number of two-electron atoms, Li, and for Be. The Hartree-Fock approximation is more accurate than the local density approximation within the 1s shell and for the spin polarization in Li, while the local density approximation is slightly better than the Hartree-Fock approximation for charge densities in the 2s shell. The inaccuracy of the Hartree-Fock and local density approximations to the Hartree potential is substantially smaller than the inaccuracy of the local density approximation to the ground-state exchange-correlation potential. (Auth.)
The positronium and the dipositronium in a Hartree-Fock approximation of quantum electrodynamics
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Sok, Jérémy Vithya
2016-01-01
The Bogoliubov-Dirac-Fock (BDF) model is a no-photon approximation of quantum electrodynamics. It allows to study relativistic electrons in interaction with the Dirac sea. A state is fully characterized by its one-body density matrix, an infinite rank non-negative projector. We prove the existence...
Orbital and total atomic momentum expectation values with Roothaan-Hartree-Fock wave functions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
De La Vega, J.M.G.; Miguel, B.
1993-01-01
Orbital and total momentum expectation values are computed using the Roothaan-Hartree-Fock wave functions of Clementi and Roetti. These values are calculated analytically and may be used to study the quality of basis sets. Tabulations for ground and excited states of atoms from Z = 2 to Z = 54 are presented. 23 refs., 1 tab
Dirac-Hartree-Fock studies of X-ray transitions in meitnerium
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Thierfelder, C.; Schwerdtfeger, P.; Hessberger, F.P.; Hofmann, S.
2008-01-01
The K -shell and L -shell ionizations potentials for 268 109 Mt were calculated at the Dirac-Hartree-Fock level taking into account quantum electrodynamic and finite nuclear-size effects. The K α1 transition energies for different ionization states are accurately predicted and compared with recent experiments in the α -decay of 272 111 Rg. (orig.)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Xiang Zhang
2016-08-01
Full Text Available Practical quantum photonic applications require on-demand single photon sources. As one possible solution, active temporal and wavelength multiplexing has been proposed to build an on-demand single photon source. In this scheme, heralded single photons are generated from different pump wavelengths in many temporal modes. However, the indistinguishability of these heralded single photons has not yet been experimentally confirmed. In this work, we achieve 88% ± 8% Hong–Ou–Mandel quantum interference visibility from heralded single photons generated from two separate silicon nanowires pumped at different wavelengths. This demonstrates that active temporal and wavelength multiplexing could generate indistinguishable heralded single photons.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Rosyida Ekawati
2016-04-01
Full Text Available This article deals with the ideology represented by newspaper editorials. It is from the idea that every language use is never neutral and not ideology-free. Language is used to convey meanings in a broad sense. There are meanings related to the opinions through the language as resources of evaluation. Editorial is one practice of language use full of opinions towards a certain issue on people or things. Sydney Morning Herald and Herald Sun are used as both Australian newspaper posit themselves as the high-rank newspaper in terms of circulation and online accessed. This article tries to uncover the ideologies represented by both newspaper editorials concerning death penalty of Bali Nine executed in Indonesia. Attitudinal perspective proposed by Martin and White (2005 in term of affect, judgement, and appreciation of language appraisal is used to explore ideology in the newspaper. From appraisal analysis, it is found that Indonesia dominantly appraised in negative There is no positive appreciation for Indonesia in both newspaper editorials. judgement while Australia is portrayed in positive view for the issue of death penalty in Indonesia.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Okun, Lev B
2010-01-01
V A Fock, in 1926, was the first to have the idea of an Abelian gradient transformation and to discover that the electromagnetic interaction of charged particles has a gradient invariance in the framework of quantum mechanics. These transformation and invariance were respectively named Eichtransformation and Eichinvarianz by H Weyl in 1929 (the German verb zu eichen means to gauge). The first non-Abelian gauge theory was suggested by O Klein in 1938; and in 1954, C N Yang and R L Mills rediscovered the non-Abelian gauge symmetry. Gauge invariance is the underlying principle of the current Standard Model of strong and electroweak interactions. (from the history of physics)
Fock representations of exchange algebras with involution
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Liguori, A.; Mintchev, M.; Rossi, M.
1997-01-01
An associative algebra scr(A) R with exchange properties generalizing the canonical (anti)commutation relations is considered. We introduce a family of involutions in scr(A) R and construct the relative Fock representations, examining the positivity of the metric. As an application of the general results, we rigorously prove unitarity of the scattering operator of integrable models in 1+1 space-time dimensions. In this context the possibility of adopting various involutions in the Zamolodchikov endash Faddeev algebra is also explored. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics
Multi-photon absorption limits to heralded single photon sources
Husko, Chad A.; Clark, Alex S.; Collins, Matthew J.; De Rossi, Alfredo; Combrié, Sylvain; Lehoucq, Gaëlle; Rey, Isabella H.; Krauss, Thomas F.; Xiong, Chunle; Eggleton, Benjamin J.
2013-01-01
Single photons are of paramount importance to future quantum technologies, including quantum communication and computation. Nonlinear photonic devices using parametric processes offer a straightforward route to generating photons, however additional nonlinear processes may come into play and interfere with these sources. Here we analyse spontaneous four-wave mixing (SFWM) sources in the presence of multi-photon processes. We conduct experiments in silicon and gallium indium phosphide photonic crystal waveguides which display inherently different nonlinear absorption processes, namely two-photon (TPA) and three-photon absorption (ThPA), respectively. We develop a novel model capturing these diverse effects which is in excellent quantitative agreement with measurements of brightness, coincidence-to-accidental ratio (CAR) and second-order correlation function g(2)(0), showing that TPA imposes an intrinsic limit on heralded single photon sources. We build on these observations to devise a new metric, the quantum utility (QMU), enabling further optimisation of single photon sources. PMID:24186400
Spatial and Spin Symmetry Breaking in Semidefinite-Programming-Based Hartree-Fock Theory.
Nascimento, Daniel R; DePrince, A Eugene
2018-05-08
The Hartree-Fock problem was recently recast as a semidefinite optimization over the space of rank-constrained two-body reduced-density matrices (RDMs) [ Phys. Rev. A 2014 , 89 , 010502(R) ]. This formulation of the problem transfers the nonconvexity of the Hartree-Fock energy functional to the rank constraint on the two-body RDM. We consider an equivalent optimization over the space of positive semidefinite one-electron RDMs (1-RDMs) that retains the nonconvexity of the Hartree-Fock energy expression. The optimized 1-RDM satisfies ensemble N-representability conditions, and ensemble spin-state conditions may be imposed as well. The spin-state conditions place additional linear and nonlinear constraints on the 1-RDM. We apply this RDM-based approach to several molecular systems and explore its spatial (point group) and spin ( Ŝ 2 and Ŝ 3 ) symmetry breaking properties. When imposing Ŝ 2 and Ŝ 3 symmetry but relaxing point group symmetry, the procedure often locates spatial-symmetry-broken solutions that are difficult to identify using standard algorithms. For example, the RDM-based approach yields a smooth, spatial-symmetry-broken potential energy curve for the well-known Be-H 2 insertion pathway. We also demonstrate numerically that, upon relaxation of Ŝ 2 and Ŝ 3 symmetry constraints, the RDM-based approach is equivalent to real-valued generalized Hartree-Fock theory.
32 CFR 507.17 - Procurement and wear of heraldic items.
2010-07-01
... controlled heraldic items, when authorized by local procurement procedures, may forward a sample insignia to... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Procurement and wear of heraldic items. 507.17... AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS MANUFACTURE AND SALE OF DECORATIONS, MEDALS, BADGES, INSIGNIA, COMMERCIAL USE...
Toroidal Superheavy Nuclei in Skyrme-Hartree-Fock Approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Staszczak, A.; Wong, Cheuk-Yin
2009-01-01
Within the self-consistent constraint Skyrme-Hartree-Fock+BCS model (SHF+BCS), we found equilibrium toroidal nuclear density distributions in the region of superheavy elements. For nuclei with a sufficient oblate deformation (Q 20 < -200 b), it becomes energetically favorable to change the genus of nuclear surface from 0 to 1, i.e., to switch the shape from a biconcave disc to a torus. The energy of the toroidal (genus=1) SHF+BCS solution relative to the compact (genus=0) ground state energy is strongly dependent both on the atomic number Z and the mass number A. We discuss the region of Z and A where the toroidal SHF+BCS total energy begins to be a global minimum
Entanglement with negative Wigner function of almost 3,000 atoms heralded by one photon.
McConnell, Robert; Zhang, Hao; Hu, Jiazhong; Ćuk, Senka; Vuletić, Vladan
2015-03-26
Quantum-mechanically correlated (entangled) states of many particles are of interest in quantum information, quantum computing and quantum metrology. Metrologically useful entangled states of large atomic ensembles have been experimentally realized, but these states display Gaussian spin distribution functions with a non-negative Wigner quasiprobability distribution function. Non-Gaussian entangled states have been produced in small ensembles of ions, and very recently in large atomic ensembles. Here we generate entanglement in a large atomic ensemble via an interaction with a very weak laser pulse; remarkably, the detection of a single photon prepares several thousand atoms in an entangled state. We reconstruct a negative-valued Wigner function--an important hallmark of non-classicality--and verify an entanglement depth (the minimum number of mutually entangled atoms) of 2,910 ± 190 out of 3,100 atoms. Attaining such a negative Wigner function and the mutual entanglement of virtually all atoms is unprecedented for an ensemble containing more than a few particles. Although the achieved purity of the state is slightly below the threshold for entanglement-induced metrological gain, further technical improvement should allow the generation of states that surpass this threshold, and of more complex Schrödinger cat states for quantum metrology and information processing. More generally, our results demonstrate the power of heralded methods for entanglement generation, and illustrate how the information contained in a single photon can drastically alter the quantum state of a large system.
Unique Fock quantization of scalar cosmological perturbations
Fernández-Méndez, Mikel; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.; Olmedo, Javier; Velhinho, José M.
2012-05-01
We investigate the ambiguities in the Fock quantization of the scalar perturbations of a Friedmann-Lemaître-Robertson-Walker model with a massive scalar field as matter content. We consider the case of compact spatial sections (thus avoiding infrared divergences), with the topology of a three-sphere. After expanding the perturbations in series of eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator, the Hamiltonian of the system is written up to quadratic order in them. We fix the gauge of the local degrees of freedom in two different ways, reaching in both cases the same qualitative results. A canonical transformation, which includes the scaling of the matter-field perturbations by the scale factor of the geometry, is performed in order to arrive at a convenient formulation of the system. We then study the quantization of these perturbations in the classical background determined by the homogeneous variables. Based on previous work, we introduce a Fock representation for the perturbations in which: (a) the complex structure is invariant under the isometries of the spatial sections and (b) the field dynamics is implemented as a unitary operator. These two properties select not only a unique unitary equivalence class of representations, but also a preferred field description, picking up a canonical pair of field variables among all those that can be obtained by means of a time-dependent scaling of the matter field (completed into a linear canonical transformation). Finally, we present an equivalent quantization constructed in terms of gauge-invariant quantities. We prove that this quantization can be attained by a mode-by-mode time-dependent linear canonical transformation which admits a unitary implementation, so that it is also uniquely determined.
Late Holocene sea ice conditions in Herald Canyon, Chukchi Sea
Pearce, C.; O'Regan, M.; Rattray, J. E.; Hutchinson, D. K.; Cronin, T. M.; Gemery, L.; Barrientos, N.; Coxall, H.; Smittenberg, R.; Semiletov, I. P.; Jakobsson, M.
2017-12-01
Sea ice in the Arctic Ocean has been in steady decline in recent decades and, based on satellite data, the retreat is most pronounced in the Chukchi and Beaufort seas. Historical observations suggest that the recent changes were unprecedented during the last 150 years, but for a longer time perspective, we rely on the geological record. For this study, we analyzed sediment samples from two piston cores from Herald Canyon in the Chukchi Sea, collected during the 2014 SWERUS-C3 Arctic Ocean Expedition. The Herald Canyon is a local depression across the Chukchi Shelf, and acts as one of the main pathways for Pacific Water to the Arctic Ocean after entering through the narrow and shallow Bering Strait. The study site lies at the modern-day seasonal sea ice minimum edge, and is thus an ideal location for the reconstruction of past sea ice variability. Both sediment cores contain late Holocene deposits characterized by high sediment accumulation rates (100-300 cm/kyr). Core 2-PC1 from the shallow canyon flank (57 m water depth) is 8 meter long and extends back to 4200 cal yrs BP, while the upper 3 meters of Core 4-PC1 from the central canyon (120 mwd) cover the last 3000 years. The chronologies of the cores are based on radiocarbon dates and the 3.6 ka Aniakchak CFE II tephra, which is used as an absolute age marker to calculate the marine radiocarbon reservoir age. Analysis of biomarkers for sea ice and surface water productivity indicate stable sea ice conditions throughout the entire late Holocene, ending with an abrupt increase of phytoplankton sterols in the very top of both sediment sequences. The shift is accompanied by a sudden increase in coarse sediments (> 125 µm) and a minor change in δ13Corg. We interpret this transition in the top sediments as a community turnover in primary producers from sea ice to open water biota. Most importantly, our results indicate that the ongoing rapid ice retreat in the Chukchi Sea of recent decades was unprecedented during the
Heralded creation of photonic qudits from parametric down-conversion using linear optics
Yoshikawa, Jun-ichi; Bergmann, Marcel; van Loock, Peter; Fuwa, Maria; Okada, Masanori; Takase, Kan; Toyama, Takeshi; Makino, Kenzo; Takeda, Shuntaro; Furusawa, Akira
2018-05-01
We propose an experimental scheme to generate, in a heralded fashion, arbitrary quantum superpositions of two-mode optical states with a fixed total photon number n based on weakly squeezed two-mode squeezed state resources (obtained via weak parametric down-conversion), linear optics, and photon detection. Arbitrary d -level (qudit) states can be created this way where d =n +1 . Furthermore, we experimentally demonstrate our scheme for n =2 . The resulting qutrit states are characterized via optical homodyne tomography. We also discuss possible extensions to more than two modes concluding that, in general, our approach ceases to work in this case. For illustration and with regards to possible applications, we explicitly calculate a few examples such as NOON states and logical qubit states for quantum error correction. In particular, our approach enables one to construct bosonic qubit error-correction codes against amplitude damping (photon loss) with a typical suppression of √{n }-1 losses and spanned by two logical codewords that each correspond to an n -photon superposition for two bosonic modes.
High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fasel, Sylvain; Alibart, Olivier; Tanzilli, Sebastien; Baldi, Pascal; Beveratos, Alexios; Gisin, Nicolas; Zbinden, Hugo
2004-01-01
We report on the experimental realization and characterization of an asynchronous heralded single-photon source based on spontaneous parametric down-conversion. Photons at 1550 nm are heralded as being inside a single-mode fibre with more than 60% probability, and the multi-photon emission probability is reduced by a factor of up to more than 500 compared to Poissonian light sources. These figures of merit, together with the choice of telecom wavelength for the heralded photons, are compatible with practical applications needing very efficient and robust single-photon sources
A constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equation derived from the double variational method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Onishi, Naoki; Horibata, Takatoshi.
1980-01-01
The double variational method is applied to the intrinsic state of the generalized BCS wave function. A constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equation is derived explicitly in the form of an eigenvalue equation. A method of obtaining approximate overlap and energy overlap integrals is proposed. This will help development of numerical calculations of the angular momentum projection method, especially for general intrinsic wave functions without any symmetry restrictions. (author)
Positron and electron energy bands in several ionic crystals using restricted Hartree-Fock method
Kunz, A. B.; Waber, J. T.
1981-08-01
Using a restricted Hartree-Fock formalism and suitably localized and symmetrized wave functions, both the positron and electron energy bands were calculated for NaF, MgO and NiO. The lowest positron state at Γ 1 lies above the vacuum level and negative work functions are predicted. Positron annihilation rates were calculated and found to be in good agreement with measured lifetimes.
The s-Ordered Fock Space Projectors Gained by the General Ordering Theorem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shähandeh Farid; Bazrafkan Mohammad Reza; Ashrafi Mahmoud
2012-01-01
Employing the general ordering theorem (GOT), operational methods and incomplete 2-D Hermite polynomials, we derive the t-ordered expansion of Fock space projectors. Using the result, the general ordered form of the coherent state projectors is obtained. This indeed gives a new integration formula regarding incomplete 2-D Hermite polynomials. In addition, the orthogonality relation of the incomplete 2-D Hermite polynomials is derived to resolve Dattoli's failure
Semiclassical approximation to time-dependent Hartree--Fock theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dworzecka, M.; Poggioli, R.
1976-01-01
Working within a time-dependent Hartree-Fock framework, one develops a semiclassical approximation appropriate for large systems. It is demonstrated that the standard semiclassical approach, the Thomas-Fermi approximation, is inconsistent with Hartree-Fock theory when the basic two-body interaction is short-ranged (as in nuclear systems, for example). However, by introducing a simple extension of the Thomas-Fermi approximation, one overcomes this problem. One also discusses the infinite nuclear matter problem and point out that time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory yields collective modes of the zero sound variety instead of ordinary hydrodynamic (first) sound. One thus emphasizes that one should be extremely circumspect when attempting to cast the equations of motion of time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory into a hydrodynamic-like form
Stability of the Hartree-Fock model with temperature
Dolbeault, Jean; Felmer, Patricio; Lewin, Mathieu
2008-01-01
This paper is devoted to the Hartree-Fock model with temperature in the euclidean space. For large classes of free energy functionals, minimizers are obtained as long as the total charge of the system does not exceed a threshold which depends on the temperature. The usual Hartree-Fock model is recovered in the zero temperature limit. An orbital stability result for the Cauchy problem is deduced from the variational approach.
Self-Adjointness Criterion for Operators in Fock Spaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Falconi, Marco
2015-01-01
In this paper we provide a criterion of essential self-adjointness for operators in the tensor product of a separable Hilbert space and a Fock space. The class of operators we consider may contain a self-adjoint part, a part that preserves the number of Fock space particles and a non-diagonal part that is at most quadratic with respect to the creation and annihilation operators. The hypotheses of the criterion are satisfied in several interesting applications
MHz rate and efficient synchronous heralding of single photons at telecom wavelengths.
Pomarico, Enrico; Sanguinetti, Bruno; Guerreiro, Thiago; Thew, Rob; Zbinden, Hugo
2012-10-08
We report on the realization of a synchronous source of heralded single photons at telecom wavelengths with MHz heralding rates and high heralding efficiency. This source is based on the generation of photon pairs at 810 and 1550 nm via Spontaneous Parametric Down Conversion (SPDC) in a 1 cm periodically poled lithium niobate (PPLN) crystal pumped by a 532 nm pulsed laser. As high rates are fundamental for multi-photon experiments, we show that single telecom photons can be announced at 4.4 MHz rate with 45% heralding efficiency. When we focus only on the optimization of the coupling of the heralded photon, the heralding efficiency can be increased up to 80%. Furthermore, we experimentally observe that group velocity mismatch inside long crystals pumped in a pulsed mode affects the spectrum of the emitted photons and their fibre coupling efficiency. The length of the crystal in this source has been chosen as a trade off between high brightness and high coupling efficiency.
A semiclassical approach to many-body interference in Fock-space
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Engl, Thomas
2015-11-01
Many-body systems draw ever more physicists' attention. Such an increase of interest often comes along with the development of new theoretical methods. In this thesis, a non-perturbative semiclassical approach is developed, which allows to analytically study many-body interference effects both in bosonic and fermionic Fock space and is expected to be applicable to many research areas in physics ranging from Quantum Optics and Ultracold Atoms to Solid State Theory and maybe even High Energy Physics. After the derivation of the semiclassical approximation, which is valid in the limit of large total number of particles, first applications manifesting the presence of many-body interference effects are shown. Some of them are confirmed numerically thus verifying the semiclassical predictions. Among these results are coherent back-/forward-scattering in bosonic and fermionic Fock space as well as a many-body spin echo, to name only the two most important ones.
Generalized Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach in the description of many-body systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Janssen, D.
1979-01-01
The quantum mechanical equation for a group of states connected by large probabilities of transitions to each other, i.e. possessing common internal structure, is found. No phenomenological assumptions about the vibrational or rotational character of these states have been used. The equations obtained here can be understood as a direct generalization of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equation, this scheme including not only the ground state, but some excited states as well. The question of normalization of the density matrix in the generalized space has been solved and the additional solutions of the problem have been excluded. (author)
Constant resolution of time-dependent Hartree--Fock phase ambiguity
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lichtner, P.C.; Griffin, J.J.; Schultheis, H.; Schultheis, R.; Volkov, A.B.
1978-01-01
The customary time-dependent Hartree--Fock problem is shown to be ambiguous up to an arbitrary function of time additive to H/sub HF/, and, consequently, up to an arbitrary time-dependent phase for the solution, PHI(t). The ''constant'' (H)'' phase is proposed as the best resolution of this ambiguity. It leads to the following attractive features: (a) the time-dependent Hartree--Fock (TDHF) Hamiltonian, H/sub HF/, becomes a quantity whose expectation value is equal to the average energy and, hence, constant in time; (b) eigenstates described exactly by determinants, have time-dependent Hartree--Fock solutions identical with the exact time-dependent solutions; (c) among all possible TDHF solutions this choice minimizes the norm of the quantity (H--i dirac constant delta/delta t) operating on the ket PHI, and guarantees optimal time evolution over an infinitesimal period; (d) this choice corresponds both to the stationary value of the absolute difference between (H) and (i dirac constant delta/delta t) and simultaneously to its absolute minimal value with respect to choice of the time-dependent phase. The source of the ambiguity is discussed. It lies in the time-dependent generalization of the freedom to transform unitarily among the single-particle states of a determinant at the (physically irrelevant for stationary states) cost of altering only a factor of unit magnitude
Kroh, Tim; Ahlrichs, Andreas; Sprenger, Benjamin; Benson, Oliver
2017-09-01
Future quantum networks require a hybrid platform of dissimilar quantum systems. Within the platform, joint quantum states have to be mediated either by single photons, photon pairs or entangled photon pairs. The photon wavelength has to lie within the telecommunication band to enable long-distance fibre transmission. In addition, the temporal shape of the photons needs to be tailored to efficiently match the involved quantum systems. Altogether, this requires the efficient coherent wavelength-conversion of arbitrarily shaped single-photon wave packets. Here, we demonstrate the heralded temporal filtering of single photons as well as the synchronisation of state manipulation and detection as key elements in a typical experiment, besides of delaying a photon in a long fibre. All three are realised by utilising commercial telecommunication fibre-optical components which will permit the transition of quantum networks from the lab to real-world applications. The combination of these renders a temporally filtering single-photon storage in a fast switchable fibre loop possible.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zhu Chang-Hua; Cao Xin; Quan Dong-Xiao; Pei Chang-Xing
2014-01-01
Linear optical quantum Fredkin gate can be applied to quantum computing and quantum multi-user communication networks. In the existing linear optical scheme, two single photon detectors (SPDs) are used to herald the success of the quantum Fredkin gate while they have no photon count. But analysis results show that for non-perfect SPD, the lower the detector efficiency, the higher the heralded success rate by this scheme is. We propose an improved linear optical quantum Fredkin gate by designing a new heralding scheme with an auxiliary qubit and only one SPD, in which the higher the detection efficiency of the heralding detector, the higher the success rate of the gate is. The new heralding scheme can also work efficiently under a non-ideal single photon source. Based on this quantum Fredkin gate, large-scale quantum switching networks can be built. As an example, a quantum Beneš network is shown in which only one SPD is used. (electromagnetism, optics, acoustics, heat transfer, classical mechanics, and fluid dynamics)
Quantum stochastic calculus in Fock space: A review
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hudson, R.L.
1986-01-01
This paper presents a survey of the recently developed theory of quantum stochastic calculus in Boson Fock space, together with its applications. The work focuses on a non-commutative generalization of the classical Ito stochastic calculus of Brownian motion, which exploits to the full the Wiener-Segal duality transformation identifying the L 2 space of Wiener measure with a Boson Fock space. This Fock space emerges as the natural home of not only Brownian motion but also classical Poisson processes, and even of Fermionic processes of the type developed by Barnett et al. The principle physical application of the theory to the construction and characterization of unitary dilations of quantum dynamical semigroups is also described
Variational derivation of a time-dependent Hartree-Fock Hamiltonian
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lichtner, P.C.; Griffin, J.J.; Schultheis, H.; Schultheis, R.; Volkov, A.B.
1979-01-01
The variational derivation of the time-dependent Hartree-Fock equation is reviewed. When norm-violating variations are included, a unique time-dependent Hartree-Fock Hamiltonian, which differs from that customarily used in time-dependent Hartree-Fock analyses, is implied. This variationally ''true'' Hartree-Fock Hamiltonian has the same expectation value as the exact Hamiltonian, equal to the average energy of the system. Since this quantity remains constant under time-dependent Hartree-Fock time evolution, we suggest the label ''constant '' for this form of time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory
Zhou, Xing-Yu; Zhang, Chun-Hui; Zhang, Chun-Mei; Wang, Qin
2017-11-01
Measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution (MDI-QKD) has been widely investigated due to its remarkable advantages on the achievable transmission distance and practical security. However, the relative low key generation rate limits its real-life implementations. In this work, we adopt the newly proposed four-intensity decoy-state scheme [Phys. Rev. A 93, 042324 (2016), 10.1103/PhysRevA.93.042324] to study the performance of MDI-QKD with heralded single-photon sources (HSPS). Corresponding simulation results demonstrate that the four-intensity decoy-state scheme combining HSPS can drastically improve both the key generation rate and transmission distance in MDI-QKD, which may be very promising in future MDI-QKD systems.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Barbosa, Rugles Cesar
2002-07-01
The present thesis is divided into two parts. The first part describes the many kind of the formalisms of the Generator Coordinate Hartree-Fock method (GCHFM) and second part describes the computational aspect applied to the GCHFM formalism in its discreet form. The major aim of this work is the development of an alternative method to non-linear parameters optimization (basis set) and later uses these optimized parameters to adjust the weight function into GCHFM method. The study of the weight function when N {yields} {infinity} (or for large N), where N represents the number of mesh, is important since the GCHFM theory in its continuous form depend on understanding of such behavior. In this thesis, a detailed study is carried out about the methodologies of the self-consistent solution of the GCHFM and some methodology aspects of non-linear parameters optimization. This work shows that the Generator Coordinate Hartree-Fock method is general and it has as particular case the Hartree-Fock Roothaan method. Some possible variations or combinations around of the characteristics of the GCHFM and a comparison with conventional SCF procedure are reported in this thesis. The piecewise weight function method developed in this work shows to be very good for collective parameter optimizations of the Generator Coordinate (GC). The GCHFM calculations are necessary restrict (GCM-RHF), especially when the calculated value energies approach of its numerical values or Hartree-Fock limit. In the optimization methods of state functions for atomic electronic systems is very common the application of the gradient method and its efficacy is not contested. However, the method describes above allow us to obtain results as good as the gradient method. The basis set generated using the piecewise weight function method for Gaussian type function were used in the Restrict Hartree-Fock (RHF) calculations to obtain the total energies for some atomic electronic systems, such as neutron atoms and
Anguiano, M.; Lallena, A. M.; Co', G.; De Donno, V.
2014-02-01
In this work we test the validity of a Hartree-Fock plus Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer model in which a finite-range interaction is used in the two steps of the calculation by comparing the results obtained to those found in fully self-consistent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations using the same interaction. Specifically, we consider the Gogny-type D1S and D1M forces. We study a wide range of spherical nuclei, far from the stability line, in various regions of the nuclear chart, from oxygen to tin isotopes. We calculate various quantities related to the ground state properties of these nuclei, such as binding energies, radii, charge and density distributions, and elastic electron scattering cross sections. The pairing effects are studied by direct comparison with the Hartree-Fock results. Despite its relative simplicity, in most cases, our model provides results very close to those of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations, and it reproduces the empirical evidence of pairing effects rather well in the nuclei investigated.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Barbosa, Rugles Cesar
2002-01-01
The present thesis is divided into two parts. The first part describes the many kind of the formalisms of the Generator Coordinate Hartree-Fock method (GCHFM) and second part describes the computational aspect applied to the GCHFM formalism in its discreet form. The major aim of this work is the development of an alternative method to non-linear parameters optimization (basis set) and later uses these optimized parameters to adjust the weight function into GCHFM method. The study of the weight function when N → ∞ (or for large N), where N represents the number of mesh, is important since the GCHFM theory in its continuous form depend on understanding of such behavior. In this thesis, a detailed study is carried out about the methodologies of the self-consistent solution of the GCHFM and some methodology aspects of non-linear parameters optimization. This work shows that the Generator Coordinate Hartree-Fock method is general and it has as particular case the Hartree-Fock Roothaan method. Some possible variations or combinations around of the characteristics of the GCHFM and a comparison with conventional SCF procedure are reported in this thesis. The piecewise weight function method developed in this work shows to be very good for collective parameter optimizations of the Generator Coordinate (GC). The GCHFM calculations are necessary restrict (GCM-RHF), especially when the calculated value energies approach of its numerical values or Hartree-Fock limit. In the optimization methods of state functions for atomic electronic systems is very common the application of the gradient method and its efficacy is not contested. However, the method describes above allow us to obtain results as good as the gradient method. The basis set generated using the piecewise weight function method for Gaussian type function were used in the Restrict Hartree-Fock (RHF) calculations to obtain the total energies for some atomic electronic systems, such as neutron atoms and ions in
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Shim, Irene; Kingcade, Joseph E.; Gingerich, Karl A.
1988-01-01
-lying electronic states of the NiGe molecule have all been characterized by the symmetry of the hole in the 3d shell of Ni. The dissociation energy of the NiGe molecule has been determined from our high temperature mass spectrometric equilibrium data in combination with the theoretical results as D [open circle] 0...... =286.8±10.9 kJ mol−1. The standard heat of formation of the NiGe molecule has been obtained as DeltaH [open circle] f,298 =514±12 kJ mol−1. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics....
Nuclear Hartree-Fock approximation testing and other related approximations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cohenca, J.M.
1970-01-01
Hartree-Fock, and Tamm-Dancoff approximations are tested for angular momentum of even-even nuclei. Wave functions, energy levels and momenta are comparatively evaluated. Quadripole interactions are studied following the Elliott model. Results are applied to Ne 20 [pt
Derivative discontinuity with localized Hartree-Fock potential
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Nazarov, V. U. [Research Center for Applied Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei 11529, Taiwan (China); Vignale, G. [Department of Physics, University of Missouri-Columbia, Columbia, Missouri 65211 (United States)
2015-08-14
The localized Hartree-Fock potential has proven to be a computationally efficient alternative to the optimized effective potential, preserving the numerical accuracy of the latter and respecting the exact properties of being self-interaction free and having the correct −1/r asymptotics. In this paper we extend the localized Hartree-Fock potential to fractional particle numbers and observe that it yields derivative discontinuities in the energy as required by the exact theory. The discontinuities are numerically close to those of the computationally more demanding Hartree-Fock method. Our potential enjoys a “direct-energy” property, whereby the energy of the system is given by the sum of the single-particle eigenvalues multiplied by the corresponding occupation numbers. The discontinuities c{sub ↑} and c{sub ↓} of the spin-components of the potential at integer particle numbers N{sub ↑} and N{sub ↓} satisfy the condition c{sub ↑}N{sub ↑} + c{sub ↓}N{sub ↓} = 0. Thus, joining the family of effective potentials which support a derivative discontinuity, but being considerably easier to implement, the localized Hartree-Fock potential becomes a powerful tool in the broad area of applications in which the fundamental gap is an issue.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Song, Guo-Zhu; Zhang, Mei; Ai, Qing; Yang, Guo-Jian [Department of Physics, Applied Optics Beijing Area Major Laboratory, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); Alsaedi, Ahmed; Hobiny, Aatef [NAAM-Research Group, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80203, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia); Deng, Fu-Guo, E-mail: fgdeng@bnu.edu.cn [Department of Physics, Applied Optics Beijing Area Major Laboratory, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875 (China); NAAM-Research Group, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80203, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia)
2017-03-15
We propose a heralded quantum repeater based on the scattering of photons off single emitters in one-dimensional waveguides. We show the details by implementing nonlocal entanglement generation, entanglement swapping, and entanglement purification modules with atoms in waveguides, and discuss the feasibility of the repeater with currently achievable technology. In our scheme, the faulty events can be discarded by detecting the polarization of the photons. That is, our protocols are accomplished with a fidelity of 100% in principle, which is advantageous for implementing realistic long-distance quantum communication. Moreover, additional atomic qubits are not required, but only a single-photon medium. Our scheme is scalable and attractive since it can be realized in solid-state quantum systems. With the great progress on controlling atom-waveguide systems, the repeater may be very useful in quantum information processing in the future.
Energy Levels and B(E2) transition rates in the Hartree-Fock approximation with the Skyrme force
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oliveira, D.R. de; Mizrahi, S.S.
1976-11-01
The Hartree-Fock approximation with the Skyrme force is applied to the A = 4n type of nuclei in the s-d shell. Energy levels and electric quadrupole transition probabilities within the ground states band are calculated from the projected states of good angular momentum. Strong approximations are made but the results concerning the spectra are better than those obtained with more sophisticated density independent two-body interactions. The transition rates are less sensitive to the interaction, as previously verified
2011-03-29
... Advertising Production Division, a Subsidiary of Gannett Co., Inc.; Wausau, WI; Notice of Affirmative... workers of Wausau Daily Herald, Advertising Production Division, a subsidiary of Gannett Co., Inc., Wausau... Determination will soon be published in the Federal Register. The workers produce newspaper advertisements. The...
Ühest erijoonest Herald Eelma illustraatoritöös / Jüri Hain
Hain, Jüri, 1941-
2011-01-01
Herald Eelma loomingust raamatuillustraatorina, analüüsides algseid kavandeid ja illustratsioone Jaan Krossi luulekogule "Voog ja kolmpii", A.H. Tammsaare saksa keelde tõlgitud romaanile "Ma armastasin sakslast" ja soome eeposele "Kalevala". Ka ilukirjandliku teksti ja illustratsioonide vahelistest mõjutustest
Qin, Wei; Wang, Xin; Miranowicz, Adam; Zhong, Zhirong; Nori, Franco
2017-07-01
Heralded near-deterministic multiqubit controlled-phase gates with integrated error detection have recently been proposed by Borregaard et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 110502 (2015), 10.1103/PhysRevLett.114.110502]. This protocol is based on a single four-level atom (a heralding quartit) and N three-level atoms (operational qutrits) coupled to a single-resonator mode acting as a cavity bus. Here we generalize this method for two distant resonators without the cavity bus between the heralding and operational atoms. Specifically, we analyze the two-qubit controlled-Z gate and its multiqubit-controlled generalization (i.e., a Toffoli-like gate) acting on the two-lowest levels of N qutrits inside one resonator, with their successful actions being heralded by an auxiliary microwave-driven quartit inside the other resonator. Moreover, we propose a circuit-quantum-electrodynamics realization of the protocol with flux and phase qudits in linearly coupled transmission-line resonators with dissipation. These methods offer a quadratic fidelity improvement compared to cavity-assisted deterministic gates.
Basic and heavy ion scattering in time dependent Hartree-Fock Theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Weiss, M.S.
1984-01-01
Time Dependent Hartree-Fock theory, TDHF, is the most sophisticated, microscopic approach to nuclear dynamics yet practiced. Although it is far from a description of nature it does allow us to examine multiply interactive many-body systems semi quantum mechanically and to visualize otherwise covert processes. Some of the properties of the TDHF equations are stated leaving the interested reader to one of several excellent review articles for the derivations. Some of the applications to the collision of heavy ions are briefly described
Heralding the Other: Sousa, Simulacra, and Settler Colonialism
Graham, Matthew C.
2016-01-01
This paper addresses the role of music and music education in the perpetuation of settler colonialism (a particular colonial configuration predicated on the expulsion of indigenous people and occupation of indigenous land) within the United States. Using Baudrillard's notion of simulacra, or "false truths," to look at racialized…
Hartree–Fock variational bounds for ground state energy of ...
Indian Academy of Sciences (India)
volume V0, with mass m, electric charge zero, and magnetic moment μ, interacting through magnetic dipole–dipole ... like neutrinos, with finite magnetic dipole moment has not drawn too much at- tention. In an earlier .... to its value in the equatorial kx − ky plane for the same value of the magnitude of the wave vector. Note ...
How good are Hartree-Fock charge densities
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Campi, X.
1975-01-01
The principle characteristics of Hartree-Fock charge densities (mean square radius, surface thickness, quantum fluctuation) calculated using different effective interactions are discussed in terms of their nuclear matter properties (Fermi momentum, effective mass, incompressibility). A comparison with the experimental charge distributions is made. Differences between the charge densities of neighbouring nuclei (isotope and isotone shifts) are also considered and the main factors governing these effects are discussed [fr
General multi-configuration Hartree--Fock program: MCHF77
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fischer, C.F.
1977-11-01
This technical report contains a listing of a general program for multi-configuration Hartree--Fock (MCHF) calculations, including its documentation. Several examples are given showing how the program may be used. Typical output for several cases is also presented. This program has been tested over an extended period of time for a large variety of cases. This program is written for the IBM 360 or 370 in double-precision arithmetic
Light higgsinos as heralds of higher-dimensional unification
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bruemmer, F.; Buchmueller, W.
2011-05-01
Grand-unified models with extra dimensions at the GUT scale will typically contain exotic states with Standard Model charges and GUT-scale masses. They can act as messengers for gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking. If the number of messengers is sizeable, soft terms for the visible sector fields will be predominantly generated by gauge mediation, while gravity mediation can induce a small μ parameter. We illustrate this hybrid mediation pattern with two examples, in which the superpartner spectrum contains light and near-degenerate higgsinos with masses below 200 GeV. The typical masses of all other superpartners are much larger, from at least 500 GeV up to several TeV. The lightest superparticle is the gravitino, which may be the dominant component of dark matter. (orig.)
Electronic personal dosimeter heralds a revolution in legal dosimetry
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fletcher, R.
1991-01-01
The Electronic Personal Dosimeter (EPD) developed by Siemens Plessey Controls and the UK's national Radiological Protection Board is approaching the pre-production stage. It provides ''legal'' dosimetry and all the features of a personal alarming dosimeter. The EPD uses solid state semiconductor detectors for gamma and beta radiation and has a dose threshold of about 1μ Sv, with a low energy gamma range down to 20 KeV. It has a multi function liquid crystal display for instant readout and audible and visual alarms. Two separates dose stores are maintained. Short term dose for tactical management and long term dose for approved dosimetry service record keeping. The latter can be reset only by an approved dosimetry service and is maintained on a search memory disk which can be read even if the EPD is destroyed. (UK)
Light higgsinos as heralds of higher-dimensional unification
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bruemmer, F.; Buchmueller, W.
2011-05-15
Grand-unified models with extra dimensions at the GUT scale will typically contain exotic states with Standard Model charges and GUT-scale masses. They can act as messengers for gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking. If the number of messengers is sizeable, soft terms for the visible sector fields will be predominantly generated by gauge mediation, while gravity mediation can induce a small {mu} parameter. We illustrate this hybrid mediation pattern with two examples, in which the superpartner spectrum contains light and near-degenerate higgsinos with masses below 200 GeV. The typical masses of all other superpartners are much larger, from at least 500 GeV up to several TeV. The lightest superparticle is the gravitino, which may be the dominant component of dark matter. (orig.)
Technical assistance report no. TA-80-105-757 at Lexington Herald-Leader, Lexington, Kentucky
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Murray, W.E.; Conover, D.L.; Flesch, J.P.
1980-10-01
Exposure to radiation was investigated at the Lexington Herald-Leader newspaper company (SIC-2711) in Lexington, Kentucky, on August 12 and 13, 1980. The evaluation was requested by company management. Thirty-five of 60 to 80 video display terminals (VDT) used by the newspaper were randomly selected and the ionizing and non-ionizing radiation emissions were measured. All VDT radiation measurements were below OSHA standards and, often, below detectable levels. The OSHA ionizing and non-ionizing standards are 2.5 millirems per hour averaged on a daily basis and 1.0 milliwatt per square centimeter averaged over 6 months, respectively. The authors conclude that no radiation hazard exists at the Lexington Herald-Leader
Application of the resonating Hartree-Fock random phase approximation to the Lipkin model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nishiyama, S.; Ishida, K.; Ido, M.
1996-01-01
We have applied the resonating Hartree-Fock (Res-HF) approximation to the exactly solvable Lipkin model by utilizing a newly developed orbital-optimization algorithm. The Res-HF wave function was superposed by two Slater determinants (S-dets) which give two corresponding local energy minima of monopole ''deformations''. The self-consistent Res-HF calculation gives an excellent ground-state correlation energy. There exist excitations due to small vibrational fluctuations of the orbitals and mixing coefficients around their stationary values. They are described by a new approximation called the resonating Hartree-Fock random phase approximation (Res-HF RPA). Matrices of the second-order variation of the Res-HF energy have the same structures as those of the Res-HF RPA's matrices. The quadratic steepest descent of the Res-HF energy in the orbital optimization is considered to include certainly both effects of RPA-type fluctuations up to higher orders and their mode-mode couplings. It is a very important and interesting task to apply the Res-HF RPA to the Lipkin model with the use of the stationary values and to prove the above argument. It turns out that the Res-HF RPA works far better than the usual HF RPA and the renormalized one. We also show some important features of the Res-HF RPA. (orig.)
Kobus, Jacek
2015-02-01
Recently it has been demonstrated that the finite difference Hartree-Fock method can be used to deliver highly accurate values of electric multipole moments together with polarizabilities αz z,Az ,z z , and hyperpolarizabilities βz z z, γz z z,Bz z ,z z , for the ground states of various atomic and diatomic systems. Since these results can be regarded as de facto Hartree-Fock limit values their quality is of the utmost importance. This paper reexamines the use of the finite field method to calculate these electric properties, discusses its accuracy, and presents an updated list of the properties for the following atoms and diatomic molecules: H-, He, Li, Li+,Li2 +,Li-,Be2 + , Be, B+,C2 + , Ne, Mg2 +, Mg, Al+,Si2 + , Ar, K+,Ca2 +,Rb+,Sr2 +,Zr4 +,He2 , Be2,N2,F2,O2 , HeNe, LiH2 +, LiCl, LiBr, BH, CO, FH, NaCl, and KF. The potential energy curves and the dependence of the electric properties on the internuclear distance is also studied for He2,LiH+,Be2 , and HeNe systems.
The positronium and the dipositronium in a Hartree-Fock approximation of quantum electrodynamics
Sok, Jérémy
2016-02-01
The Bogoliubov-Dirac-Fock (BDF) model is a no-photon approximation of quantum electrodynamics. It allows to study relativistic electrons in interaction with the Dirac sea. A state is fully characterized by its one-body density matrix, an infinite rank non-negative projector. We prove the existence of the para-positronium, the bound state of an electron and a positron with antiparallel spins, in the BDF model represented by a critical point of the energy functional in the absence of an external field. We also prove the existence of the dipositronium, a molecule made of two electrons and two positrons that also appears as a critical point. More generally, for any half integer j ∈ 1/2 + Z + , we prove the existence of a critical point of the energy functional made of 2j + 1 electrons and 2j + 1 positrons.
Constructing quantum fields in a Fock space using a new picture of quantum mechanics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Farrukh, M.O.
1977-11-01
For any conventional non-relativistic quantum theory of a finite number of degrees of freedom a picture is constructed called '' the scattering picture'', combining the ''nice'' properties of both the interaction and the Heisenberg pictures, and show that in the absence of bound states, the theory could be formulated in terms of a free Hamiltonian and an effective potential. The equations thus derived are generalized to the relativistic case and show that, given a Poincare invariant self-adjoint operator D densely defined on a Fock space, there exists an interacting field which is asymptotically free and has as the scattering matrix the non-trivial operator S=esup(iD), provided that D annihilates the vacuum and the one-particle states. Crossing relations could easily be imposed on D, but apart from a few comments, the problem of analyticity of S is left open
On the relation between the Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham approaches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amusia, M.Ya. [Racah Institute of Physics, Hebrew University, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel); A.F. Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute, 194021 St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Msezane, A.Z. [CTSPS, Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA 30314 (United States); Shaginyan, V.R. [CTSPS, Clark Atlanta University, Atlanta, GA 30314 (United States); Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188300 Gatchina (Russian Federation)]. E-mail: vrshag@thd.pnpi.spb.ru; Sokolovski, D. [Queen' s University of Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN (United Kingdom)
2004-09-13
We show that the Hartree-Fock (HF) results cannot be reproduced within the framework of Kohn-Sham (KS) theory because the single-particle densities of finite systems obtained within the HF calculations are not v-representable, i.e., do not correspond to any ground state of a N non-interacting electron systems in a local external potential. For this reason, the KS theory, which finds a minimum on a different subset of all densities, can overestimate the ground state energy, as compared to the HF result. The discrepancy between the two approaches provides no grounds to assume that either the KS theory or the density functional theory suffers from internal contradictions.
On the relation between the Hartree-Fock and Kohn-Sham approaches
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amusia, M.Ya.; Msezane, A.Z.; Shaginyan, V.R.; Sokolovski, D.
2004-01-01
We show that the Hartree-Fock (HF) results cannot be reproduced within the framework of Kohn-Sham (KS) theory because the single-particle densities of finite systems obtained within the HF calculations are not v-representable, i.e., do not correspond to any ground state of a N non-interacting electron systems in a local external potential. For this reason, the KS theory, which finds a minimum on a different subset of all densities, can overestimate the ground state energy, as compared to the HF result. The discrepancy between the two approaches provides no grounds to assume that either the KS theory or the density functional theory suffers from internal contradictions
Generalized Hartree-Fock method for electron-atom scattering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Rosenberg, L.
1997-01-01
In the widely used Hartree-Fock procedure for atomic structure calculations, trial functions in the form of linear combinations of Slater determinants are constructed and the Rayleigh-Ritz minimum principle is applied to determine the best in that class. A generalization of this approach, applicable to low-energy electron-atom scattering, is developed here. The method is based on a unique decomposition of the scattering wave function into open- and closed-channel components, so chosen that an approximation to the closed-channel component may be obtained by adopting it as a trial function in a minimum principle, whose rigor can be maintained even when the target wave functions are imprecisely known. Given a closed-channel trial function, the full scattering function may be determined from the solution of an effective one-body Schroedinger equation. Alternatively, in a generalized Hartree-Fock approach, the minimum principle leads to coupled integrodifferential equations to be satisfied by the basis functions appearing in a Slater-determinant representation of the closed-channel wave function; it also provides a procedure for optimizing the choice of nonlinear parameters in a variational determination of these basis functions. Inclusion of additional Slater determinants in the closed-channel trial function allows for systematic improvement of that function, as well as the calculated scattering parameters, with the possibility of spurious singularities avoided. Electron-electron correlations can be important in accounting for long-range forces and resonances. These correlation effects can be included explicitly by suitable choice of one component of the closed-channel wave function; the remaining component may then be determined by the generalized Hartree-Fock procedure. As a simple test, the method is applied to s-wave scattering of positrons by hydrogen. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
Time Dependent Hartree Fock Equation: Gateway to Nonequilibrium Plasmas
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dufty, James W.
2007-01-01
This is the Final Technical Report for DE-FG02-2ER54677 award 'Time Dependent Hartree Fock Equation - Gateway to Nonequilibrium Plasmas'. Research has focused on the nonequilibrium dynamics of electrons in the presence of ions, both via basic quantum theory and via semi-classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulation. In addition, fundamental notions of dissipative dynamics have been explored for models of grains and dust, and for scalar fields (temperature) in turbulent edge plasmas. The specific topics addressed were Quantum Kinetic Theory for Metallic Clusters, Semi-classical MD Simulation of Plasmas , and Effects of Dissipative Dynamics.
Relativity and pseudopotentials in the Hartree-Fock-Slater method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Snijders, J.G.
1979-01-01
The methodological problems involved in electronic structure determinations of compounds containing heavy elements by the Hartree-Fock-Slater scheme are investigated. It is shown that the effect of the inner electrons can be simulated by a so called pseudopotential, so that only the valence electrons have to be treated explicitly which constitutes a considerable reduction of computation time. It is further shown that a pseudopotential calculation is able to achieve an accuracy that is comparable to the results of a calculation including the core. (Auth.)
The dual algebra of the Poincare group on Fock space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Klink, W.H.; Iowa Univ., Iowa City, IA
1989-01-01
The Lie algebra of operators commuting with the Poincare group on the Fock space appropriate for a massive spinless particle is constructed in terms of raising and lowering operators indexed by a Lorentz invariant function. From the assumption that the phase operator is an element of this Lie algebra, it is shown that the scattering operator can be written as a unitary representation operator of the group associated with the Lie algebra. A simple choice of the phase operator shows that the Lorentz invariant function can be interpreted as a basic scattering amplitude, in the sense that all multiparticle scattering amplitudes can be written in terms of this basic scattering amplitude. (orig.)
Exchange gate on the qudit space and Fock space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fujii, Kazuyuki
2003-01-01
We construct an exchange gate with small elementary gates on the space of qudits, which consist of three controlled shift gates and three 'reverse' gates. This is a natural extension of the qubit case. We also consider a similar situation in Fock space, but in this case we find some differences. However, we can construct the exchange gate by making use of a generalized coherent operator based on the Lie algebra su(2), which is a well-known method in quantum optics. We also make a brief comment on 'imperfect clones'
Semiclassical expansions of the nuclear relativistic Hartree-Fock theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Weigel, M.K.; Haddad, S.
1991-01-01
Semiclassical expansions for Green functions, self-energy, phase-space density and density are given and discussed. The many-body problem was treated in the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation with a Lagrangian with a standard OBE potential structure including the possibility of space-dependent couplings. The expansions are obtained by formulating the many-body problem in the mixed position-momentum (Wigner) representation and application of the (h/2π)-Wigner-Kirkwood expansion scheme. The resulting self-consistency problems for the zeroth and second order are formulated in three versions. (author)
Exponential convergence and acceleration of Hartree-Fock calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bonaccorso, A.; Di Toro, M.; Lomnitz-Adler, J.
1979-01-01
It is shown that one can expect an exponential behaviour for the convergence of the Hartree-Fock solution during the HF iteration procedure. This property is used to extrapolate some collective degrees of freedom, in this case the shape, in order to speed up the self-consistent calculation. For axially deformed nuclei the method is applied to the quadrupole moment which corresponds to a simple scaling transformation on the single particle wave functions. Results are shown for the deformed nuclei 20 Ne and 28 Si with a Skyrme interaction. (Auth.)
A Hartree-Fock program for atomic structure calculations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mitroy, J.
1999-01-01
The Hartree-Fock equations for a general open shell atom are described. The matrix equations that result when the single particle orbitals are written in terms of a linear combination of analytic basis functions are derived. Attention is paid to the complexities that occur when open shells are present. The specifics of a working FORTRAN program which is available for public use are described. The program has the flexibility to handle either Slater-type orbitals or Gaussian-type orbitals. It can be obtained over the internet at http://lacebark.ntu.edu.au/j_mitroy/research/atomic.htm Copyright (1999) CSIRO Australia
Multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method for atomic structure
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sasaki, Ken
1982-02-01
The multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method for calculating the atomic structure is reviewed in some detail. Being more comprehensive than the ones introduced in Desclaux's paper, the mathematical formulae derived in this review are more helpful to trace the thread of ideas and understand the algorithm in Desclaux's computer program which embodied the method. A detailed analysis is made on the restrictions on how the program is used, that is, on the fact that it does not apply to the problem where the configuration mixing occurs via the one-electron Hamiltonian. Finally, in conclusion, a way to overcome the difficulty is suggested. (author)
On the Fock quantisation of the hydrogen atom
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cordani, B.
1989-01-01
In a celebrated work, Fock explained the degeneracy of the energy levels of the Kepler problem (or hydrogen atom) (Z. Phys. 98, 145-54, 1935) in terms of the dynamical symmetry group SO(4). Making a stereographic projection in the momentum space and rescaling the momenta with the eigenvalues of the energy, he showed that the problem is equivalent to the geodesic flow on the sphere S 3 . In this way, the 'hidden' symmetry SO(4) is made manifest. The present author has shown that the classical n-dimensional Kepler problem can be better understood by enlarging the phase space of the geodesical motion on S'' and including time and energy as canonical variables: a following symplectomorphism transforms the motion on S'' in the Kepler problem. We want to prove in this paper that the Fock procedure is the implementation at 'quantum' level of the above-mentioned symplectomorphism. The interest is not restricted to the old Kepler problem: more recently two other systems exhibiting the same symmetries have been found. They are the McIntosh-Cisneros-Zwanziger system and the geodesic motion in Euclidean Taub-NUT space. Both have a physical interest: they indeed describe a spinless test particle moving outside the core of a self-dual monopole and the asymptotic scattering of two self-dual monopoles, respectively. (author)
On the problem of representability and the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock theory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Knoerr, Hans Konrad
2013-11-22
The general topic of this thesis is an approximation of the ground state energy for many-particle quantum systems. In particular the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock theory and the representability of one- and two-particle density matrices are studied. After an introductory chapter we specify some basic notation of many-body quantum mechanics in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 we consider boson, as well as fermion systems. We first tackle the question of representability for bosons, i.e., the question which conditions a one- and a two-particle operator must satisfy to ensure that they are the one- and the two-particle density matrix of a state. For a particle number-conserving system, the representability conditions up to second order for bosons are well-known and called admissibility, P-, and G-conditions. Since, however, most physical systems consisting of bosons are not particle number-conserving, we give an alternative for such systems: Generalizing the two-particle density matrix, we observe that the representability conditions up to second order hold if and only if this generalized two-particle density matrix is positive semi-definite and the one- and the two-particle density matrices fulfill trace class and symmetry conditions. Moreover, we study the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock energy of boson and fermion systems. We generalize Lieb's variational principle which in its original formulation holds for purely repulsive particle interactions for fermions only. Our second main result is the following: for bosons, as well as for fermions the infimum of the energy for a variation over pure quasifree states coincides with the one for a variation over all quasifree states under the assumption that the Hamiltonian is bounded below. In the last section of Chapter 3 we specify the relation between centered quasifree states and their corresponding generalized one-particle density matrix, which finds an application in the variational process in the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock theory. It is
On the problem of representability and the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Knoerr, Hans Konrad
2013-01-01
The general topic of this thesis is an approximation of the ground state energy for many-particle quantum systems. In particular the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock theory and the representability of one- and two-particle density matrices are studied. After an introductory chapter we specify some basic notation of many-body quantum mechanics in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3 we consider boson, as well as fermion systems. We first tackle the question of representability for bosons, i.e., the question which conditions a one- and a two-particle operator must satisfy to ensure that they are the one- and the two-particle density matrix of a state. For a particle number-conserving system, the representability conditions up to second order for bosons are well-known and called admissibility, P-, and G-conditions. Since, however, most physical systems consisting of bosons are not particle number-conserving, we give an alternative for such systems: Generalizing the two-particle density matrix, we observe that the representability conditions up to second order hold if and only if this generalized two-particle density matrix is positive semi-definite and the one- and the two-particle density matrices fulfill trace class and symmetry conditions. Moreover, we study the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock energy of boson and fermion systems. We generalize Lieb's variational principle which in its original formulation holds for purely repulsive particle interactions for fermions only. Our second main result is the following: for bosons, as well as for fermions the infimum of the energy for a variation over pure quasifree states coincides with the one for a variation over all quasifree states under the assumption that the Hamiltonian is bounded below. In the last section of Chapter 3 we specify the relation between centered quasifree states and their corresponding generalized one-particle density matrix, which finds an application in the variational process in the Bogolyubov-Hartree-Fock theory. It is
Damian, Laura; Botar Jid, Carolina; Rogojan, Liliana; Dinu, Cristian; Maniu, Alma; Fodor, Daniela; Rednic, Simona; Simon, Siao-Pin
2016-03-01
Temporal myositis is a rare inflammatory disease of the temporal muscle. We report a case of unilateral temporal myositis, in which a polymyositis was diagnosed two years thereafter. Although focal myositis may rarely herald polymyositis, isolated temporal myositis preceding inflammatory myopathies has not been described, to our knowledge. In the setting of a temporal pain and swelling, ultrasonography may help in diagnosis, biopsy guidance, disease extension, and progression assessment. Further studies are necessary to establish the role of elastography in differentiating between muscle inflammation and hypertrophy.
Extension of the multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock program for continuum functions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fischer, C.F.; Saha, H.P.
1984-01-01
The wave function of an outer electron coupled to a core, possibly with correlation included in the core, is similar to a multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock (MCHF) wavefunction, except that the radial function of the electron is a continuum function, and different numerical procedures are required for determining it. Only a single continuum function is allowed, and the orbitals defining the wave function of the core and bound channels are assumed to be fixed. The coefficients in the expansion of the wave function of the core are also fixed and are the result of a bound state calculation for the core. Under these assumptions, the equation for the radial wave function of the electron is solved iteratively. The asymptotic phase shift is evaluated. In order to test the accuracy of the procedure, calculations were performed for the scattering of electrons by neutral hydrogen. Some results of a photo-ionization calculation are compared, and for an electron transition in nitrogen
Self-consistent Hartree-Fock RPA calculations in 208Pb
Taqi, Ali H.; Ali, Mohammed S.
2018-01-01
The nuclear structure of 208Pb is studied in the framework of the self-consistent random phase approximation (SCRPA). The Hartree-Fock mean field and single particle states are used to implement a completely SCRPA with Skyrme-type interactions. The Hamiltonian is diagonalised within a model space using five Skyrme parameter sets, namely LNS, SkI3, SkO, SkP and SLy4. In view of the huge number of the existing Skyrme-force parameterizations, the question remains which of them provide the best description of data. The approach attempts to accurately describe the structure of the spherical even-even nucleus 208Pb. To illustrate our approach, we compared the binding energy, charge density distribution, excitation energy levels scheme with the available experimental data. Moreover, we calculated isoscalar and isovector monopole, dipole, and quadrupole transition densities and strength functions.
The contribution of Skyrme Hartree-Fock calculations to the understanding of the shell model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zamick, L.
1984-01-01
The authors present a detailed comparison of Skyrme Hartree-Fock and the shell model. The H-F calculations are sensitive to the parameters that are chosen. The H-F results justify the use of effective charges in restricted model space calculations by showing that the core contribution can be large. Further, the H-F results roughly justify the use of a constant E2 effective charge, but seem to yield nucleus dependent E4 effective charges. The H-F can yield results for E6 and higher multipoles, which would be zero in s-d model space calculations. On the other side of the coin in H-F the authors can easily consider only the lowest rotational band, whereas in the shell model one can calculate the energies and properties of many more states. In the comparison some apparent problems remain, in particular E4 transitions in the upper half of the s-d shell
Application of the gradient method to Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Robledo, L. M.; Bertsch, G. F.
2011-01-01
A computer code is presented for solving the equations of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory by the gradient method, motivated by the need for efficient and robust codes to calculate the configurations required by extensions of the HFB theory, such as the generator coordinate method. The code is organized with a separation between the parts that are specific to the details of the Hamiltonian and the parts that are generic to the gradient method. This permits total flexibility in choosing the symmetries to be imposed on the HFB solutions. The code solves for both even and odd particle-number ground states, with the choice determined by the input data stream. Application is made to the nuclei in the sd shell using the universal sd-shell interaction B (USDB) shell-model Hamiltonian.
BRST quantization of Yang-Mills theory: A purely Hamiltonian approach on Fock space
Öttinger, Hans Christian
2018-04-01
We develop the basic ideas and equations for the BRST quantization of Yang-Mills theories in an explicit Hamiltonian approach, without any reference to the Lagrangian approach at any stage of the development. We present a new representation of ghost fields that combines desirable self-adjointness properties with canonical anticommutation relations for ghost creation and annihilation operators, thus enabling us to characterize the physical states on a well-defined Fock space. The Hamiltonian is constructed by piecing together simple BRST invariant operators to obtain a minimal invariant extension of the free theory. It is verified that the evolution equations implied by the resulting minimal Hamiltonian provide a quantum version of the classical Yang-Mills equations. The modifications and requirements for the inclusion of matter are discussed in detail.
Time-dependent Hartree-Fock approach to nuclear ``pasta'' at finite temperature
Schuetrumpf, B.; Klatt, M. A.; Iida, K.; Maruhn, J. A.; Mecke, K.; Reinhard, P.-G.
2013-05-01
We present simulations of neutron-rich matter at subnuclear densities, like supernova matter, with the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation at temperatures of several MeV. The initial state consists of α particles randomly distributed in space that have a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution in momentum space. Adding a neutron background initialized with Fermi distributed plane waves the calculations reflect a reasonable approximation of astrophysical matter. This matter evolves into spherical, rod-like, and slab-like shapes and mixtures thereof. The simulations employ a full Skyrme interaction in a periodic three-dimensional grid. By an improved morphological analysis based on Minkowski functionals, all eight pasta shapes can be uniquely identified by the sign of only two valuations, namely the Euler characteristic and the integral mean curvature. In addition, we propose the variance in the cell density distribution as a measure to distinguish pasta matter from uniform matter.
Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock Approach to Nuclear Pasta at Finite Temperature
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schuetrumpf, B; Maruhn, J A; Klatt, M A; Mecke, K; Reinhard, P-G; Iida, K
2013-01-01
We present simulations of neutron-rich matter at subnuclear densities, like supernova matter, with the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation at temperatures of several MeV. The initial state consists of α particles randomly distributed in space that have a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution in momentum space. Adding a neutron background initialized with Fermi distributed plane waves the calculations reflect a reasonable approximation of astrophysical matter. This matter evolves into spherical, rod-like, and slab-like shapes and mixtures thereof. The simulations employ a full Skyrme interaction in a periodic three-dimensional grid. By an improved morphological analysis based on Minkowski functionals, all eight pasta shapes can be uniquely identified by the sign of only two valuations, namely the Euler characteristic and the integral mean curvature.
Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock Approach to Nuclear Pasta at Finite Temperature
Schuetrumpf, B.; Klatt, M. A.; Iida, K.; Maruhn, J. A.; Mecke, K.; Reinhard, P.-G.
2013-03-01
We present simulations of neutron-rich matter at subnuclear densities, like supernova matter, with the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation at temperatures of several MeV. The initial state consists of α particles randomly distributed in space that have a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution in momentum space. Adding a neutron background initialized with Fermi distributed plane waves the calculations reflect a reasonable approximation of astrophysical matter. This matter evolves into spherical, rod-like, and slab-like shapes and mixtures thereof. The simulations employ a full Skyrme interaction in a periodic three-dimensional grid. By an improved morphological analysis based on Minkowski functionals, all eight pasta shapes can be uniquely identified by the sign of only two valuations, namely the Euler characteristic and the integral mean curvature.
Hartree-Fock+BCS approach to unstable nuclei with the Skyrme force
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tajima, Naoki
2001-01-01
We reanalyze the results of our extensive Hartree-Fock+BCS calculation from new points of view paying attention to the properties of unstable nuclei. The calculation has been done with the Skyrme SIII force for the ground and shape isomeric states of 1029 even-even nuclei ranging 2≤Z≤114. We also discuss the advantages of the employed three-dimensional Cartesian-mesh representation, especially on its remarkably high precision with apparently coarse meshes when applied to atomic nuclei. In Appendices we give the coefficients of finite-point numerical differentiation and integration formulae suitable for Cartesian mesh representation and elucidate the features of each formula and the differences from a method based on the Fourier transformation. (author)
Skyrme-Hartree-Fock in the realm of nuclear mean field models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Reinhard, P.G.; Reiss, C.; Maruhn, J.; Bender, M.; Buervenich, T.; Greiner, W.
2000-01-01
We discuss and compare two brands of nuclear mean field models, the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock scheme (SHF) and the relativistic mean field model (RMF). Similarities and differences are worked out on a formal basis and with respect to the models performance in describing nuclear data. The bulk observables of stable nuclei are all described very well. Differences come up when extrapolating to exotic nuclei. The typically larger asymmetry energy in RMF leads to a larger neutron skin. Superheavy nuclei are found to be very sensitive on the single particle levels particularly on the spin orbit splitting. Ground state correlations from collective surface vibrations can have a significant effect on difference observables, as two-nucleon separation energy and two-nucleon shell gap. (author)
Angular momentum projection on a mesh of cranked Hartree-Fock wave functions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baye, D.; Heenen, P.
1984-01-01
A method for projecting on angular momentum wave functions discretized on a three-dimensional Cartesian mesh is presented. The method is based on a matrix representation of the rotation operator. It is applied to cranked Hartree-Fock wave functions calculated for 24 Mg with a simple interaction. In this case, the accuracy of the projected matrix elements is estimated to be of the order of 0.1%. An extensive comparison of the projected and cranking energies is made. The validity of the cranking method as an approximation to a variation-after-projection calculation seems to be wider than usually expected. The study of the fission barrier of 24 Mg for the channel 4 He- 16 O- 4 He shows that the cranking predictions for these very deformed states are quite reliable
Functionals Hartree-Fock equations in the Schrodinger representation of quantum field theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gamboa, J.
1989-08-01
Hartree-Fock equations for a scalar field theory in the Schrodinger representation are derived. It is shown that renormalization of the total energy in the functional Schrodinger equation is enterely contained in the eigenvalues of the Hartree-Fock hamiltonian. (A.C.A.S.) [pt
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cabo Monte Oca, A. de.
1994-07-01
Analytic expressions for order parameters are given for the previously introduced general class of Hartree Fock states at arbitrary filling factors ν=p/q for odd q values. The order parameters are expressed as sums of magnetic translations eigenvalues over the filled single electron states. Simple summation formulae for the band spectra in terms of the same eigenvalues are also presented. The energy per particle at ν=1/3 is calculated for various states differing in the way of filling of the 1/3 of the orbitals. The calculated energies are not competing with the usual CDW results. However the high degree of electron overlapping allows for the next corrections to modify this situation. The discussion suggests these Hartree-Fock Slater determinants as interesting alternatives for the Tao-Thouless parent states which may correct their anomalous symmetry and correlation functions properties. (author). 28 refs
Extended Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory for degenerate Bose systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tommasini, Paolo; Passos, E J V de; Pires, M O C; Piza, A F R de Toledo
2005-01-01
An extension of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) theory of degenerate Bose systems in which the coupling between one and two quasi-particles is taken into account is developed. The excitation operators are written as linear combinations of one and two HFB quasi-particles. Excitation energies and quasi-particle amplitudes are given by generalized Bogoliubov equations. The excitation spectrum has two branches. The first one is a discrete branch which is gapless and has a phonon character at large wavelength and, contrarily to HFB, is always stable. This branch is detached from a second, continuum branch whose threshold, at fixed total momentum, coincides with the two quasi-particle threshold of the HFB theory. The gap between the two branches at P = 0 is twice the HFB gap, which thus provides for the relevant energy scale. Numerical results for a specific case are given
The Gogny-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov nuclear-mass model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Goriely, S. [Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Institut d' Astronomie et d' Astrophysique, CP-226, Brussels (Belgium); Hilaire, S.; Girod, M.; Peru, S. [CEA, DAM, DIF, Arpajon (France)
2016-07-15
We present the Gogny-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model which reproduces nuclear masses with an accuracy comparable with the best mass formulas. In contrast to the Skyrme-HFB nuclear-mass models, an explicit and self-consistent account of all the quadrupole correlation energies is included within the 5D collective Hamiltonian approach. The final rms deviation with respect to the 2353 measured masses is 789 keV in the 2012 atomic mass evaluation. In addition, the D1M Gogny force is shown to predict nuclear and neutron matter properties in agreement with microscopic calculations based on realistic two- and three-body forces. The D1M properties and its predictions of various observables are compared with those of D1S and D1N. (orig.)
Computational Nuclear Physics and Post Hartree-Fock Methods
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lietz, Justin [Michigan State University; Sam, Novario [Michigan State University; Hjorth-Jensen, M. [University of Oslo, Norway; Hagen, Gaute [ORNL; Jansen, Gustav R. [ORNL
2017-05-01
We present a computational approach to infinite nuclear matter employing Hartree-Fock theory, many-body perturbation theory and coupled cluster theory. These lectures are closely linked with those of chapters 9, 10 and 11 and serve as input for the correlation functions employed in Monte Carlo calculations in chapter 9, the in-medium similarity renormalization group theory of dense fermionic systems of chapter 10 and the Green's function approach in chapter 11. We provide extensive code examples and benchmark calculations, allowing thereby an eventual reader to start writing her/his own codes. We start with an object-oriented serial code and end with discussions on strategies for porting the code to present and planned high-performance computing facilities.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ayikoglu, A.
2008-01-01
The molecular structure, vibrational frequencies and corresponding vibrational assignments of tetrafluoro isophthalonitrile (TFPN) in the ground state have been calculated using the Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional methods (B3LYP) with 6-311++G (d, p) basis set. The calculations were utilized in the CS symmetry of TFPN. The obtained vibrational frequencies and optimized geometric parameters (bond lengths and bond angles) were seen to be in good agreement with the experimental data. The comparison of the observed and calculated results showed that the B3LYP method is superior to the HF method for both the vibrational frequencies and geometric parameters
A suggested periodic table up to Z≤ 172, based on Dirac-Fock calculations on atoms and ions.
Pyykkö, Pekka
2011-01-07
Extended Average Level (EAL) Dirac-Fock calculations on atoms and ions agree with earlier work in that a rough shell-filling order for the elements 119-172 is 8s Periodic Table develops further that of Fricke, Greiner and Waber [Theor. Chim. Acta 1971, 21, 235] by formally assigning the elements 121-164 to (nlj) slots on the basis of the electron configurations of their ions. Simple estimates are made for likely maximum oxidation states, i, of these elements M in their MX(i) compounds, such as i = 6 for UF(6). Particularly high i are predicted for the 6f elements.
Physically asymptotic Hartree-Fock stationary-phase approximant to the many-body S-matrix
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Griffin, J.J.; Dworzecka, M.
1982-01-01
The Asymptotic Hartree-Fock Approximant replaces the physically non-asymptotic (and dynamically nontrivial) external translation of the FISP result with the asymptotic and dynamically trivial translational evolution of Dirac-TDHF by adding an explicit restriction upon the acceptable channel states. It is therefore preferable under the principle of commensurability, which judges the expected output of physical descriptions in terms of the physical assumptions they incorporate. Further insight into the relationship between the TDSHF and FISP methods will reward careful comparison of the respective expressions, in specific cases
Measurement-induced amplification of optical cat-like states
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Laghaout, Amine; Neergaard-Nielsen, Jonas Schou; Rigas, J.
2013-01-01
with pairs of small cats and then to interfere them on a balanced beam splitter. The projective measurement of one of the outputs is used to herald a larger cat resulting from the constructive interference of the initial states. The scheme proposed here uses the projection |x = 0〉〈x = 0| as the heralding...
Integrated-optics heralded controlled-NOT gate for polarization-encoded qubits
Zeuner, Jonas; Sharma, Aditya N.; Tillmann, Max; Heilmann, René; Gräfe, Markus; Moqanaki, Amir; Szameit, Alexander; Walther, Philip
2018-03-01
Recent progress in integrated-optics technology has made photonics a promising platform for quantum networks and quantum computation protocols. Integrated optical circuits are characterized by small device footprints and unrivalled intrinsic interferometric stability. Here, we take advantage of femtosecond-laser-written waveguides' ability to process polarization-encoded qubits and present an implementation of a heralded controlled-NOT gate on chip. We evaluate the gate performance in the computational basis and a superposition basis, showing that the gate can create polarization entanglement between two photons. Transmission through the integrated device is optimized using thermally expanded core fibers and adiabatically reduced mode-field diameters at the waveguide facets. This demonstration underlines the feasibility of integrated quantum gates for all-optical quantum networks and quantum repeaters.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Vikas Menon
2017-01-01
Full Text Available Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE may often present initially with psychiatric symptoms. These presentations are often variable in clinical aspects, and there has been no systematic analysis of the numerous psychiatric presentations heralding an eventual diagnosis of HE which will guide clinicians to make a correct diagnosis of HE. This systematic review was done to analyze the demographic characteristics, symptom typology, and clinical and treatment variables associated with such forerunner presentations. Electronic databases such as PubMed, ScienceDirect, and Google Scholar databases were searched to identify potential case reports that described initial psychiatric presentations of HE in English language peer-reviewed journals. The generated articles were evaluated and relevant data were extracted using a structured tool. We identified a total of forty articles that described 46 cases. More than half of the total samples (54.4% were above the age of 50 years at presentation. The most common psychiatric diagnosis heralding HE was acute psychosis (26.1% followed by depressive disorders (23.9%. Dementia (10.9% and schizophrenia (2.2% were uncommon presentations. Antithyroid peroxidase antibodies were elevated in all patients but not antithyroglobulin antibodies. Preexisting hypothyroidism was absent in majority of cases (60.9%. Steroid doses initiated were 500–1000 mg of intravenous methylprednisolone for majority (52.1% of patients while oral steroid maintenance was required for a significant minority (39.1%. Psychiatric manifestations of HE may be heterogeneous and require a high index of clinical suspicion, especially in older adults. A range of clinical and treatment variables may assist clinicians in making a faster diagnosis and instituting prompt and effective management.
On the Uniqueness of the Fock Quantization of the Dirac Field in the Closed FRW Cosmology
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jerónimo Cortez
2018-01-01
Full Text Available The Fock quantization of free fields propagating in cosmological backgrounds is in general not unambiguously defined due to the nonstationarity of the space-time. For the case of a scalar field in cosmological scenarios, it is known that the criterion of unitary implementation of the dynamics serves to remove the ambiguity in the choice of Fock representation (up to unitary equivalence. Here, applying the same type of arguments and methods previously used for the scalar field case, we discuss the issue of the uniqueness of the Fock quantization of the Dirac field in the closed FRW space-time proposed by D’Eath and Halliwell.
2011-08-03
..., Advertising Production Division, a Subsidiary of Gannett Co., Inc.,Wausau, WI; Notice of Negative...) applicable to workers and former workers of Wausau Daily Herald, Advertising Production Division, a... the supply of graphic design services for newspaper advertisements. The initial investigation resulted...
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Koefoed, Jacob Gade; Friis, Søren Michael Mørk; Christensen, Jesper Bjerge
2017-01-01
We model the spectral quantum-mechanical purity of heralded single photons from a photon-pair source based on nondegenerate spontaneous four-wave mixing taking the impact of distributed dispersion fluctuations into account. The considered photon-pair-generation scheme utilizes pump-pulse walk...
Ab Initio periodic Hartree-Fock study of group IA cations in ANA-type zeolites
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Anchell, J.L.; White, J.C.; Thompson, M.R.; Hess, A.C.
1994-01-01
This study investigates the electronic structure of Group IA cations intercalated into zeolites with the analcime (ANA) framework using ab initio periodic Hartree-Fock theory. The purpose of the study is to gain a better understanding of the role played by electron-donating species in zeolites in general, with specific applications to materials that have been suggested as storage matrices for radioactive materials. The effect of the intercalated species (Na, K, Rb, and Cs) on the electronic structure of the zeolite is presented on the basis of an analysis of the total and projected density of states, Mulliken charges, and charge density differences. The results of those analyses indicate that, relative to a charge neutral atomic state, the Group IA species donate an electron to the zeolite lattice and interact most strongly with the s and p atomic states of oxygen as the species are moved through the lattice. In addition, estimates of the self-diffusion constants of Na, K, Rb, and Cs based upon a one-dimensional diffusion model parameterized from the ab initio total energy data will be presented. 24 refs., 8 figs., 4 tabs
Adaptive multi-resolution 3D Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov solver for nuclear structure
Pei, J. C.; Fann, G. I.; Harrison, R. J.; Nazarewicz, W.; Shi, Yue; Thornton, S.
2014-08-01
Background: Complex many-body systems, such as triaxial and reflection-asymmetric nuclei, weakly bound halo states, cluster configurations, nuclear fragments produced in heavy-ion fusion reactions, cold Fermi gases, and pasta phases in neutron star crust, are all characterized by large sizes and complex topologies in which many geometrical symmetries characteristic of ground-state configurations are broken. A tool of choice to study such complex forms of matter is an adaptive multi-resolution wavelet analysis. This method has generated much excitement since it provides a common framework linking many diversified methodologies across different fields, including signal processing, data compression, harmonic analysis and operator theory, fractals, and quantum field theory. Purpose: To describe complex superfluid many-fermion systems, we introduce an adaptive pseudospectral method for solving self-consistent equations of nuclear density functional theory in three dimensions, without symmetry restrictions. Methods: The numerical method is based on the multi-resolution and computational harmonic analysis techniques with a multi-wavelet basis. The application of state-of-the-art parallel programming techniques include sophisticated object-oriented templates which parse the high-level code into distributed parallel tasks with a multi-thread task queue scheduler for each multi-core node. The internode communications are asynchronous. The algorithm is variational and is capable of solving coupled complex-geometric systems of equations adaptively, with functional and boundary constraints, in a finite spatial domain of very large size, limited by existing parallel computer memory. For smooth functions, user-defined finite precision is guaranteed. Results: The new adaptive multi-resolution Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) solver madness-hfb is benchmarked against a two-dimensional coordinate-space solver hfb-ax that is based on the B-spline technique and a three-dimensional solver
The Mehler-Fock Transform in Signal Processing
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Reiner Lenz
2017-06-01
Full Text Available Many signals can be described as functions on the unit disk (ball. In the framework of group representations it is well-known how to construct Hilbert-spaces containing these functions that have the groups SU(1,N as their symmetry groups. One illustration of this construction is three-dimensional color spaces in which chroma properties are described by points on the unit disk. A combination of principal component analysis and the Perron-Frobenius theorem can be used to show that perspective projections map positive signals (i.e., functions with positive values to a product of the positive half-axis and the unit ball. The representation theory (harmonic analysis of the group SU(1,1 leads to an integral transform, the Mehler-Fock-transform (MFT, that decomposes functions, depending on the radial coordinate only, into combinations of associated Legendre functions. This transformation is applied to kernel density estimators of probability distributions on the unit disk. It is shown that the transform separates the influence of the data and the measured data. The application of the transform is illustrated by studying the statistical distribution of RGB vectors obtained from a common set of object points under different illuminants.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Thomaz, M.T.; Toledo Piza, A.F.R. de
1994-01-01
We show that the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (alias Gaussian) approximation of the initial condition problem of the Fermionic Anharmonic Oscillator i equivalent to a bosonic Hamiltonian system of two classical spin. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cowan, R.D.; Grant, I.P.; Fawcett, B.C.; Rose, S.J.
1985-11-01
A Multi-Configuration-Dirac-Fock (MCDF) computer program is adapted to interface with the Hartree-Fock-Relativistic (HFR) program for the RAL IBM mainframe computer. The two codes are integrated into a package which includes the Zeeman Laboratory Slater parameter optimisation routines as well as new RAL routines to further process the HFR and MCDF output. A description of the adaptions to MCDF and new output extensions is included in this report, and details are given regarding HFR FORTRAN subroutines, and lists of Job Control Language (JCL) files for the complete package. (author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Thomas Gomez
2018-04-01
Full Text Available Atomic structure of N-electron atoms is often determined by solving the Hartree-Fock equations, which are a set of integro-differential equations. The integral part of the Hartree-Fock equations treats electron exchange, but the Hartree-Fock equations are not often treated as an integro-differential equation. The exchange term is often approximated as an inhomogeneous or an effective potential so that the Hartree-Fock equations become a set of ordinary differential equations (which can be solved using the usual shooting methods. Because the Hartree-Fock equations are an iterative-refinement method, the inhomogeneous term relies on the previous guess of the wavefunction. In addition, there are numerical complications associated with solving inhomogeneous differential equations. This work uses matrix methods to solve the Hartree-Fock equations as an integro-differential equation. It is well known that a derivative operator can be expressed as a matrix made of finite-difference coefficients; energy eigenvalues and eigenvectors can be obtained by using linear-algebra packages. The integral (exchange part of the Hartree-Fock equation can be approximated as a sum and written as a matrix. The Hartree-Fock equations can be solved as a matrix that is the sum of the differential and integral matrices. We compare calculations using this method against experiment and standard atomic structure calculations. This matrix method can also be used to solve for free-electron wavefunctions, thus improving how the atoms and free electrons interact. This technique is important for spectral line broadening in two ways: it improves the atomic structure calculations, and it improves the motion of the plasma electrons that collide with the atom.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sugimoto, Satoru; Ikeda, Kiyomi; Toki, Hiroshi
2004-01-01
We propose a new mean-field-type framework which can treat the strong correlation induced by the tensor force. To treat the tensor correlation we break the charge and parity symmetries of a single-particle state and restore these symmetries of the total system by the projection method. We perform the charge and parity projections before variation and obtain a Hartree-Fock-like equation, which is solved self-consistently. We apply the Hartree-Fock-like equation to the alpha particle and find that by breaking the parity and charge symmetries, the correlation induced by the tensor force is obtained in the projected mean-field framework. We emphasize that the projection before the variation is important to pick up the tensor correlation in the present framework
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kohno, M.
1983-01-01
We report fully consistent calculations of the longitudinal and transverse response functions of the inclusive quasi-elastic electron scattering on 12 C in the Hartree-Fock approximation. The distorted wave for the outgoing nucleon is constructed from the same non-local Hartree-Fock field as in the ground-state description. Thus the orthogonality and Pauli principle requirements are naturally satisfied. The theoretical prediction, based on the standard density-dependent effective interaction (GO force), shows a good correspondence to the experimental data. Since the calculated response functions automatically satisfy the relevant sum rule, this work illuminates the well-known puzzle concerning the longitudinal part, which remains to be solved. We study the energy-weighted sum rules and discuss effects beyond the mean-field approximation. Meson-exchange-current contributions to the transverse response function are also estimated and found to be small due to cancellations among them. (orig.)
Application of the RPA method based on the cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov model in 168Er and 158Dy
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kvasil, J.; Khariev, M.M.; Cwiok, S.; Mikhajlov, I.N.; Khoriev, B.
1984-01-01
The Random Phase Approximation (RPA) based on the Cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov (CHFB) model is used for the study of low-lying nuclear states near the yrast line in 158 Dy and 168 Er. The relation of the spurious unphysical states connected with the nucleus centre of mass rotational motion to the solutions of RPA equations of motion is cleared up. The calculated level energies and reduced probabilities B(E2) are compared with experimental ones. The dependence of the residual interaction strength constants and the nucleus moment of inertia on the angular momentum is discussed. The experimental characteristics of low-lying states up to approx. 2 MeV are reproduced by the CHFB+RPA model. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bastug, T.; Kuerpick, P.; Meyer, J.; Sepp, W.; Fricke, B.; Rosen, A.
1997-01-01
Using a self-consistent relativistic molecular Dirac-Fock-Slater method we have determined the geometric structures and ionization energies of C 60 x t (x=0 endash 7). The lengths of the bonds for the pentagonal edge (single bonds) and the bonds shared by hexagonal rings (double bonds) are found to increase as a function of charge state with an expansion of the cage. The binding energy per atom of C 60 x t (x=0 endash 7) shows a quadratic dependence on the charge state of the C 60 cluster and an extrapolation to higher charge states reveals that C 60 x t should still be bound up to x=13. Charging of the clusters are analyzed using a classical capacitance model and compared with results from other calculations. Calculated ionization potentials are found to increase linearly with the charge while the available experimental data with comparatively big uncertainties indicate a small quadratic dependence. copyright 1997 The American Physical Society
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smeyers, Y.G.; Delgado-Barrio, G.
1976-01-01
The half-projected Hartree--Fock function for singlet states (HPHF) is analyzed in terms of natural electronic configurations. For this purpose the HPHF spinless density matrix and its natural orbitals are first deduced. It is found that the HPHF function does not contain any contribution from odd-times excited configurations. It is seen in addition, in the case of the singlet ground states, this function is approximately equivalent to two closed-shell configurations, although the nature of the excited one depends on the nuclear geometry. An example is given in the case of the LiH ground state. Finally, the application of this model for studying systems of more than two atoms is criticized
Koopmans' theorem in the Hartree-Fock method. General formulation
Plakhutin, Boris N.
2018-03-01
This work presents a general formulation of Koopmans' theorem (KT) in the Hartree-Fock (HF) method which is applicable to molecular and atomic systems with arbitrary orbital occupancies and total electronic spin including orbitally degenerate (OD) systems. The new formulation is based on the full set of variational conditions imposed upon the HF orbitals by the variational principle for the total energy and the conditions imposed by KT on the orbitals of an ionized electronic shell [B. N. Plakhutin and E. R. Davidson, J. Chem. Phys. 140, 014102 (2014)]. Based on these conditions, a general form of the restricted open-shell HF method is developed, whose eigenvalues (orbital energies) obey KT for the whole energy spectrum. Particular attention is paid to the treatment of OD systems, for which the new method gives a number of unexpected results. For example, the present method gives four different orbital energies for the triply degenerate atomic level 2p in the second row atoms B to F. Based on both KT conditions and a parallel treatment of atoms B to F within a limited configuration interaction approach, we prove that these four orbital energies, each of which is triply degenerate, are related via KT to the energies of different spin-dependent ionization and electron attachment processes (2p)N → (2p ) N ±1. A discussion is also presented of specific limitations of the validity of KT in the HF method which arise in OD systems. The practical applicability of the theory is verified by comparing KT estimates of the ionization potentials I2s and I2p for the second row open-shell atoms Li to F with the relevant experimental data.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lindner, J.
1992-09-01
In this thesis in the framework of our model of the field-strength dependent coupling the properties of infinitely extended, homogeneous, static, spin- and isospin-saturated nuclear matter are studied. Thereby we use the Hartree-Mean-Field and the Hartree-Fock approximation, whereby the influence of the antiparticle states in the Fermi sea is neglected. In chapter 2 the Lagrangian density basing to our model is fixed. Starting from the Walecka model we modify in the Lagrangian density the Linear coupling of the scalar field to the scalar density as follows g S φanti ψψ→g S f(φ) anti ψψ. In chapter 3 we fix three different functions f(φ). For these three cases and for the Walecka model with f(φ)=φ nuclear-matter calculations are performed. In chapter 4 for the Hartree-Fock calculations, but also very especially regarding the molecular-dynamics calculations, the properties of the Dirac spinors in the plane-wave representation are intensively studied. (orig.)
Nuclear Pasta at Finite Temperature with the Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock Approach
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schuetrumpf, B; Maruhn, J A; Klatt, M A; Mecke, K; Reinhard, P-G; Iida, K
2016-01-01
We present simulations of neutron-rich matter at sub-nuclear densities, like supernova matter. With the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation we can study the evolution of the system at temperatures of several MeV employing a full Skyrme interaction in a periodic three-dimensional grid [1].The initial state consists of α particles randomly distributed in space that have a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution in momentum space. Adding a neutron background initialized with Fermi distributed plane waves the calculations reflect a reasonable approximation of astrophysical matter.The matter evolves into spherical, rod-like, connected rod-like and slab-like shapes. Further we observe gyroid-like structures, discussed e.g. in [2], which are formed spontaneously choosing a certain value of the simulation box length. The ρ-T-map of pasta shapes is basically consistent with the phase diagrams obtained from QMD calculations [3]. By an improved topological analysis based on Minkowski functionals [4], all observed pasta shapes can be uniquely identified by only two valuations, namely the Euler characteristic and the integral mean curvature.In addition we propose the variance in the cell-density distribution as a measure to distinguish pasta matter from uniform matter. (paper)
Spin Hartree-Fock approach to studying quantum Heisenberg antiferromagnets in low dimensions
Werth, A.; Kopietz, P.; Tsyplyatyev, O.
2018-05-01
We construct a new mean-field theory for a quantum (spin-1/2) Heisenberg antiferromagnet in one (1D) and two (2D) dimensions using a Hartree-Fock decoupling of the four-point correlation functions. We show that the solution to the self-consistency equations based on two-point correlation functions does not produce any unphysical finite-temperature phase transition, in accord with the Mermin-Wagner theorem, unlike the common approach based on the mean-field equation for the order parameter. The next-neighbor spin-spin correlation functions, calculated within this approach, reproduce closely the strong renormalization by quantum fluctuations obtained via a Bethe ansatz in 1D and a small renormalization of the classical antiferromagnetic state in 2D. The heat capacity approximates with reasonable accuracy the full Bethe ansatz result at all temperatures in 1D. In 2D, we obtain a reduction of the peak height in the heat capacity at a finite temperature that is accessible by high-order 1 /T expansions.
Nuclear Pasta at Finite Temperature with the Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock Approach
Schuetrumpf, B.; Klatt, M. A.; Iida, K.; Maruhn, J. A.; Mecke, K.; Reinhard, P.-G.
2016-01-01
We present simulations of neutron-rich matter at sub-nuclear densities, like supernova matter. With the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation we can study the evolution of the system at temperatures of several MeV employing a full Skyrme interaction in a periodic three-dimensional grid [1]. The initial state consists of α particles randomly distributed in space that have a Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution in momentum space. Adding a neutron background initialized with Fermi distributed plane waves the calculations reflect a reasonable approximation of astrophysical matter. The matter evolves into spherical, rod-like, connected rod-like and slab-like shapes. Further we observe gyroid-like structures, discussed e.g. in [2], which are formed spontaneously choosing a certain value of the simulation box length. The ρ-T-map of pasta shapes is basically consistent with the phase diagrams obtained from QMD calculations [3]. By an improved topological analysis based on Minkowski functionals [4], all observed pasta shapes can be uniquely identified by only two valuations, namely the Euler characteristic and the integral mean curvature. In addition we propose the variance in the cell-density distribution as a measure to distinguish pasta matter from uniform matter.
Properties of nuclear and neutron matter in a relativistic Hartree-Fock theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Horowitz, C.J.; Serot, B.D.
1983-01-01
Relativistic-Hartree-Fock (HF) equations are derived for an infinite system of mesons and baryons in the framework of a renormalizable relativistic quantum field theory. The derivation is based on a diagrammatic approach and Dyson's equation for the baryon propagator. The result is a set of coupled, nonlinear integral equations for the baryon self-energy with a self-consistency condition on the single-particle spectrum. The HF equations are solved for nuclear and neutron matter in the Walecka model, which contains neutral scalar and vector mesons. After renormalizing model parameters to reproduce nuclear matter saturation properties, HF results at low to moderate densities are similar to those in the mean-field (Hartree) approximation. Self-consistent exchange corrections to the Hartree equation of state become negligible at high densities. Rho- and pi-meson exchanges are incorporated using a renormalizable gauge-theory model. A chiral transformation of the lagrangian is used to replace the pseudoscalar πN coupling with a pseudovector coupling, for which one-pion exchange is a reasonable first approximation. This transformation maintains the model's renormalizability so that corrections may be evaluated. Pion exchange has a small effect on the HF results of the Walecka model and brings HF results in closer in closer agreement with the mean-field theory. The diagrammatic techniques used here retain the mesonic degrees of freedom and are simple enough to be extended to more refined self-consistent approximations. (orig.)
Multi-configuration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) calculations for Ni XXV
Singh, Narendra; Aggarwal, Sunny
2018-03-01
We present accurate 165 fine-structure energy levels related to the configurations 1s22s2, 1s22p2, 1s2nƖn‧l‧ (n = 2, n‧ = 2, 3, 4, 5, Ɩ = s,p Ɩ‧ = s, p, d, f, g) of Ni XXV which may be useful ion for astrophysical and fusion plasma. For the calculations of energy levels and radiative rates, we have used the multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) method employed in GRASP2K code. The calculations are carried out in the active space approximation with the inclusion of the Breit interaction, the finite nuclear size effect, and quantum electrodynamic corrections. The transition wavelengths, transition probabilities, line strengths, and absorption oscillator strengths are reported for electric dipole (E1), electric quadrupole (E2), magnetic dipole (M1), magnetic quadrupole (M2) transitions from the ground state. We have compared our calculated results with available theoretical and experimental data and good agreement is achieved. We predict new energy levels, oscillator strengths, line strengths and transition probabilities, where no other experimental or theoretical results are available. The present complete set of results should be of great help in line identification and the interpretation of spectra, as well as in the modelling and diagnostics of astrophysical and fusion plasmas.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Zhu, Feng; Zhang, Chun-Hui; Liu, Ai-Ping [Institute of Signal Processing Transmission, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003 (China); Key Lab of Broadband Wireless Communication and Sensor Network Technology, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210003 (China); Wang, Qin, E-mail: qinw@njupt.edu.cn [Institute of Signal Processing Transmission, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Nanjing 210003 (China); Key Lab of Broadband Wireless Communication and Sensor Network Technology, Nanjing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Ministry of Education, Nanjing 210003 (China); Key Laboratory of Quantum Information, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)
2016-04-01
In this paper, we propose to implement the heralded pair-coherent source into the measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution. By comparing its performance with other existing schemes, we demonstrate that our new scheme can overcome many shortcomings existing in current schemes, and show excellent behavior in the quantum key distribution. Moreover, even when taking the statistical fluctuation into account, we can still obtain quite high key generation rate at very long transmission distance by using our new scheme. - Highlights: • Implement the heralded pair-coherent source into the measurement-device-independent quantum key distribution. • Overcome many shortcomings existing in current schemes and show excellent behavior. • Obtain quite high key generation rate even when taking statistical fluctuation into account.
Study of superdeformation at zero spin with Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Takahara, S; Tajima, N; Onishi, N [Tokyo Univ. (Japan)
1998-03-01
Superdeformed (SD) bands have been studied extensively both experimentally and theoretically in the last decade. Since the first observation in {sup 152}Dy in 1986, SD bands have been found in four mass regions, i.e., A {approx} 80, 130, 150 and 190. While these SD bands have been observed only at high spins so far, they may also be present at zero spin like fission isomers in actinide nuclei: The familiar generic argument on the strong shell effect at axis ratio 2:1 does not assume rotations. If non-fissile SD isomers exist at zero spin, they may be utilized to develop new experimental methods to study exotic states, in a similar manner as short-lived high-spin isomers are planned to be utilized as projectiles of fusion reactions in order to populate very high-spin near-yrast states. They will also be useful to test theoretical models whether the models can describe correctly the large deformations of rare-earth nuclei without further complications due to rotations. In this report, we employ the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock method to study the SD states at zero spin. First, we compare various Skyrme force parameter sets to test whether they can reproduce the extrapolated excitation energy of the SD band head of {sup 194}Hg. Second, we systematically search large-deformation solutions with the SkM{sup *} force. The feature of our calculations is that the single-particle wavefunctions are expressed in a three-dimensional-Cartesian-mesh representation. This representation enables one to obtain solutions of various shapes (including SD) without preparing a basis specific to each shape. Solving the mean-field equations in this representation requires, however, a large amount of computation which can be accomplished only with present supercomputers. (author)
Excess Charge for Pseudo-relativistic Atoms in Hartree-Fock Theory
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Dall'Acqua, Anna; Solovej, Jan Philip
2010-01-01
We prove within the Hartree-Fock theory of pseudo-relativistic atoms that the maximal negative ionization charge and the ionization energy of an atom remain bounded independently of the nuclear charge $Z$ and the fine structure constant $\\alpha$ as long as $Z\\alpha$ is bounded.......We prove within the Hartree-Fock theory of pseudo-relativistic atoms that the maximal negative ionization charge and the ionization energy of an atom remain bounded independently of the nuclear charge $Z$ and the fine structure constant $\\alpha$ as long as $Z\\alpha$ is bounded....
Construction of the Fock Matrix on a Grid-Based Molecular Orbital Basis Using GPGPUs.
Losilla, Sergio A; Watson, Mark A; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán; Sundholm, Dage
2015-05-12
We present a GPGPU implementation of the construction of the Fock matrix in the molecular orbital basis using the fully numerical, grid-based bubbles representation. For a test set of molecules containing up to 90 electrons, the total Hartree-Fock energies obtained from reference GTO-based calculations are reproduced within 10(-4) Eh to 10(-8) Eh for most of the molecules studied. Despite the very large number of arithmetic operations involved, the high performance obtained made the calculations possible on a single Nvidia Tesla K40 GPGPU card.
The total Hartree-Fock energy-eigenvalue sum relationship in atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sen, K.D.
1979-01-01
Using the well known relationships for the isoelectronic changes in the total Hartree-Fock energy, nucleus-electron attraction energy and electron-electron repulsion energy in atoms a simple polynomial expansion in Z is obtained for the sum of the eigenvalues which can be used to calculate the total Hartree-Fock energy. Numerical results are presented for 2-10 electron series to show that the present relationship is a better approximation than the other available energy-eigenvalue relationships. (author)
Instability of the cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov field in backbending region
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Horibata, Takatoshi; Onishi, Naoki.
1982-01-01
The stability condition of the cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov field is examined explicitly by solving the eigenvalue equation for the second order variation of the energy, which is reduced to an algebraic equation through a coupled dispersion formula. We confirm that the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov field is unstable in the backbending region of an irregular rotational band, even though the frequency of the softest random phase approximation mode always has a positive value. We investigate properties of the softest mode in detail. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Neese, Frank; Wennmohs, Frank; Hansen, Andreas; Becker, Ute
2009-01-01
In this paper, the possibility is explored to speed up Hartree-Fock and hybrid density functional calculations by forming the Coulomb and exchange parts of the Fock matrix by different approximations. For the Coulomb part the previously introduced Split-RI-J variant (F. Neese, J. Comput. Chem. 24 (2003) 1740) of the well-known 'density fitting' approximation is used. The exchange part is formed by semi-numerical integration techniques that are closely related to Friesner's pioneering pseudo-spectral approach. Our potentially linear scaling realization of this algorithm is called the 'chain-of-spheres exchange' (COSX). A combination of semi-numerical integration and density fitting is also proposed. Both Split-RI-J and COSX scale very well with the highest angular momentum in the basis sets. It is shown that for extended basis sets speed-ups of up to two orders of magnitude compared to traditional implementations can be obtained in this way. Total energies are reproduced with an average error of <0.3 kcal/mol as determined from extended test calculations with various basis sets on a set of 26 molecules with 20-200 atoms and up to 2000 basis functions. Reaction energies agree to within 0.2 kcal/mol (Hartree-Fock) or 0.05 kcal/mol (hybrid DFT) with the canonical values. The COSX algorithm parallelizes with a speedup of 8.6 observed for 10 processes. Minimum energy geometries differ by less than 0.3 pm in the bond distances and 0.5 deg. in the bond angels from their canonical values. These developments enable highly efficient and accurate self-consistent field calculations including nonlocal Hartree-Fock exchange for large molecules. In combination with the RI-MP2 method and large basis sets, second-order many body perturbation energies can be obtained for medium sized molecules with unprecedented efficiency. The algorithms are implemented into the ORCA electronic structure system
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Redon, N.; Meyer, J.; Meyer, M.
1989-01-01
An approximate restoration of the particle number symmetry, a la Lipkin-Nogami, is numerically investigated in the context of Constrained Hartree-Fock plus BCS calculations. Its effect is assessed in a variety of physical situations like potential energy landscapes in transitional nuclei, shape isomerism at low spin and fission barriers of actinide nuclei
Derivation of equation of quasipotential type using the method of Fock-- Podolsky
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Blokhintsev, D I; Rizov, V A; Todorov, I T
1975-12-31
A quasipotential equation is derived for the relativistic Coulomb problem from the equations of motion of quantum electrodynamics using the method of Fock-- Podolsky (Tamm-Dancoff). Relation with an inhomogeneous equation for the 4-point retarded function is exhibited. (auth)
Fock model and Segal-Bargmann transform for minimal representations of Hermitian Lie groups
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Hilgert, Joachim; Kobayashi, Toshiyuki; Möllers, Jan
2012-01-01
For any Hermitian Lie group G of tube type we construct a Fock model of its minimal representation. The Fock space is defined on the minimal nilpotent K_C-orbit X in p_C and the L^2-inner product involves a K-Bessel function as density. Here K is a maximal compact subgroup of G, and g......_C=k_C+p_C is a complexified Cartan decomposition. In this realization the space of k-finite vectors consists of holomorphic polynomials on X. The reproducing kernel of the Fock space is calculated explicitly in terms of an I-Bessel function. We further find an explicit formula of a generalized Segal-Bargmann transform which...... intertwines the Schroedinger and Fock model. Its kernel involves the same I-Bessel function. Using the Segal--Bargmann transform we also determine the integral kernel of the unitary inversion operator in the Schroedinger model which is given by a J-Bessel function....
Damping of monopole vibrations in time dependent Hartree-Fock theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vautherin, D.; Stringari, S.
1979-01-01
Monopole vibrations in oxygen-16 and calcium-40 have been investigated in time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory. The characteristic damping time obtained is tau approximately 1.5x10 -22 sec. This value is in good agreement with the width of the monopole mode calculated in the random phase approximation
The spectrum of 12C in a multi-configuration Hartree-Fock Basis
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amos, K.; Morrison, I.; Smith, R.; Schmid, K.W.
1981-01-01
The energy level spectrum of 12 C is calculated in a truncated but large shell model space of projected one particle-one hole Hartree Fock determinants using a realistic G-matrix. Predictions of electromagnetic decays and electron scattering form factors are compared with experimental values
Fock space representation of differential calculus on the noncommutative quantum space
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mishra, A.K.; Rajasekaran, G.
1997-01-01
A complete Fock space representation of the covariant differential calculus on quantum space is constructed. The consistency criteria for the ensuing algebraic structure, mapping to the canonical fermions and bosons and the consequences of the new algebra for the statistics of quanta are analyzed and discussed. The concept of statistical transmutation between bosons and fermions is introduced. copyright 1997 American Institute of Physics
The time-dependent Hartree-Fock equations with Coulomb two-body interaction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chadam, J.M.; Glassey, R.T.
1975-06-01
The existence and uniqueness of global solutions to the Cauchy problem is proved in the space of ''smooth'' density matrices for the time-dependent Hartree-Fock equations describing the motion of finite Fermi systems interacting via a Coulomb two-body potential [fr
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dupuis, M. (ed.)
1981-02-01
Twenty-seven papers are included in four sessions titled: generalized Fock operator methods, annihilation of single excitations methods, second-order MCSCF methods, and applications of MCHF methods. Separate abstracts were prepared for eight papers; one of the remaining had been previously abstracted. (DLC)
Method of renormalization potential for one model of Hartree-Fock-Slater type
Zasorin, Y V
2002-01-01
A new method of the potential renormalization for the quasiclassical model of the Hartree-Fock-Slater real potential is proposed. The method makes it possible to easily construct the wave functions and contrary to the majority od similar methods it does not require the knowledge of the real-type potential
Dirac-Fock atomic electronic structure calculations using different nuclear charge distributions
Visscher, L; Dyall, KG
1997-01-01
Numerical Hartree-Fock calculations based on the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian for the first 109 elements of the periodic table are presented. The results give the total electronic energy, as a function of the nuclear model that is used, for four different models of the nuclear charge distribution. The
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dupuis, M.
1981-02-01
Twenty-seven papers are included in four sessions titled: generalized Fock operator methods, annihilation of single excitations methods, second-order MCSCF methods, and applications of MCHF methods. Separate abstracts were prepared for eight papers; one of the remaining had been previously abstracted
On the Efficiency of Algorithms for Solving Hartree–Fock and Kohn–Sham Response Equations
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Kauczor, Joanna; Jørgensen, Poul; Norman, Patrick
2011-01-01
The response equations as occurring in the Hartree–Fock, multiconfigurational self-consistent field, and Kohn–Sham density functional theory have identical matrix structures. The algorithms that are used for solving these equations are discussed, and new algorithms are proposed where trial vectors...
Rayka, Milad; Goli, Mohammad; Shahbazian, Shant
2018-02-07
An effective set of Hartree-Fock (HF) equations are derived for electrons of muonic systems, i.e., molecules containing a positively charged muon, conceiving the muon as a quantum oscillator, which are completely equivalent to the usual two-component HF equations used to derive stationary states of the muonic molecules. In these effective equations, a non-Coulombic potential is added to the orthodox coulomb and exchange potential energy terms, which describes the interaction of the muon and the electrons effectively and is optimized during the self-consistent field cycles. While in the two-component HF equations a muon is treated as a quantum particle, in the effective HF equations it is absorbed into the effective potential and practically transformed into an effective potential field experienced by electrons. The explicit form of the effective potential depends on the nature of muon's vibrations and is derivable from the basis set used to expand the muonic spatial orbital. The resulting effective Hartree-Fock equations are implemented computationally and used successfully, as a proof of concept, in a series of muonic molecules containing all atoms from the second and third rows of the Periodic Table. To solve the algebraic version of the equations muon-specific Gaussian basis sets are designed for both muon and surrounding electrons and it is demonstrated that the optimized exponents are quite distinct from those derived for the hydrogen isotopes. The developed effective HF theory is quite general and in principle can be used for any muonic system while it is the starting point for a general effective electronic structure theory that incorporates various types of quantum correlations into the muonic systems beyond the HF equations.
Nonlinear coherent loss for generating non-classical states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mikhalychev, A; Mogilevtsev, D; Kilin, S
2011-01-01
Here, we discuss a generation of non-classical states of bosonic mode with the help of artificially designed loss, namely the nonlinear coherent loss. We show how to generate superpositions of Fock states, and how it is possible to 'comb' the initial states leaving only states with certain properties in the resulting superposition (for example, a generation of a superposition of Fock states with odd number of particles). We discuss purity of generated states and estimate maximal achievable generation fidelity.
Conditional preparation of states containing a definite number of photons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
O'Sullivan, Malcolm N.; Chan, Kam Wai Clifford; Boyd, Robert W.; Lakshminarayanan, Vasudevan
2008-01-01
A technique for conditionally creating single-mode or multimode photon-number states is analyzed using Bayesian theory. We consider the heralded N-photon states created from the photons produced by an unseeded optical parametric amplifier when the heralding detector is the time-multiplexed photon-number-resolving detector recently demonstrated by Fitch et al. [Phys. Rev. A 68, 043814 (2003)] and simultaneously by Achilles et al. [Opt. Lett. 28, 2387 (2003)]. We find that even with significant loss in the heralding detector, fields with sub-Poissonian photon-number distributions can be created. We also show that heralded multimode fields created using this technique are more robust against detector loss than are single-mode fields
Relativistic many-body perturbation-theory calculations based on Dirac-Fock-Breit wave functions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ishikawa, Y.; Quiney, H.M.
1993-01-01
A relativistic many-body perturbation theory based on the Dirac-Fock-Breit wave functions has been developed and implemented by employing analytic basis sets of Gaussian-type functions. The instantaneous Coulomb and low-frequency Breit interactions are treated using a unified formalism in both the construction of the Dirac-Fock-Breit self-consistent-field atomic potential and in the evaluation of many-body perturbation-theory diagrams. The relativistic many-body perturbation-theory calculations have been performed on the helium atom and ions of the helium isoelectronic sequence up to Z=50. The contribution of the low-frequency Breit interaction to the relativistic correlation energy is examined for the helium isoelectronic sequence
The Mehler-Fock transform of general order and arbitrary index and its inversion
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Cyril Nasim
1984-01-01
Full Text Available An integral transform involving the associated Legendre function of zero order, P−12+iτ(x, x∈[1,∞, as the kernel (considered as a function of τ, is called Mehler-Fock transform. Some generalizations, involving the function P−12+iτμ(x, where the order μ is an arbitrary complex number, including the case when μ=0,1,2,… have been known for some time. In this present note, we define a general Mehler-Fock transform involving, as the kernel, the Legendre function P−12+tμ(x, of general order μ and an arbitrary index −12+t, t=σ+iτ, −∞<τ<∞. Then we develop a symmetric inversion formulae for these transforms. Many well-known results are derived as special cases of this general form. These transforms are widely used for solving many axisymmetric potential problems.
An adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory of collective motion in finite systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baranger, M.; Veneroni, M.
1977-11-01
It is shown how to derive the parameters of a phenomenological collective model from a microscopic theory. The microscopic theory is Hartree-Fock, and one starts from the time-dependent Hartree-Fock equation. To this, the adiabatic approximation is added, and the energy in powers of an adiabatic parameter is expanded, which results in a collective kinetic energy quadratic in the velocities, with coefficients depending on the coordinates, as in the phenomenological models. The adiabatic equations of motion are derived in different ways and their analogy with classical mechanics is stressed. The role of the adiabatic hypothesis and its range of validity, are analyzed in detail. It assumes slow motion, but not small amplitude, and is therefore suitable for large-amplitude collective motion. The RPA is obtained as the limiting case where the amplitude is also small. The translational mass is correctly given and the moment of inertia under rotation is that of Thouless and Valatin
Multiconfiguration hartree-fock theory for pseudorelativistic systems: The time-dependent case
Hajaiej, Hichem
2014-03-01
In [Setting and analysis of the multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree-Fock equations, Arch. Ration. Mech. Anal. 198 (2010) 273-330] the third author has studied in collaboration with Bardos, Catto and Mauser the nonrelativistic multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock system of equations arising in the modeling of molecular dynamics. In this paper, we extend the previous work to the case of pseudorelativistic atoms. We show the existence and the uniqueness of global-in-time solution to the underlying system under technical assumptions on the energy of the initial data and the charge of the nucleus. Moreover, we prove that the result can be extended to the case of neutron stars when the number of electrons is less than a critical number N cr. © 2014 World Scientific Publishing Company.
Unitary evolution and uniqueness of the Fock quantization in flat cosmologies
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Marugán, G A Mena; Błas, D Martín-de; Gomar, L Castelló
2013-01-01
We study the Fock quantization of scalar fields with a time dependent mass in cosmological scenarios with flat compact spatial sections. This framework describes physically interesting situations like, e.g., cosmological perturbations in flat Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetimes, generally including a suitable scaling of them by a background function. We prove that the requirements of vacuum invariance under the spatial isometries and of a unitary quantum dynamics select (a) a unique canonical pair of field variables among all those related by time dependent canonical transformations which scale the field configurations, and (b) a unique Fock representation for the canonical commutation relations of this pair of variables. The proof is generalizable to any compact spatial topology in three or less dimensions, though we focus on the case of the three-torus owing to the especially relevant implications.
A uniqueness criterion for the Fock quantization of scalar fields with time-dependent mass
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cortez, Jeronimo; Mena Marugan, Guillermo A; Olmedo, Javier; Velhinho, Jose M
2011-01-01
A major problem in the quantization of fields in curved spacetimes is the ambiguity in the choice of a Fock representation for the canonical commutation relations. There exists infinite number of choices leading to different physical predictions. In stationary scenarios, a common strategy is to select a vacuum (or a family of unitarily equivalent vacua) by requiring invariance under the spacetime symmetries. When stationarity is lost, a natural generalization consists in replacing time invariance by unitarity in the evolution. We prove that when the spatial sections are compact, the criterion of a unitary dynamics, together with the invariance under the spatial isometries, suffices to select a unique family of Fock quantizations for a scalar field with time-dependent mass. (fast track communication)
Graded Fock-like representations for a system of algebraically interacting paraparticles
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kanakoglou, Konstantinos; Herrera-Aguilar, Alfredo
2011-01-01
We will present and study an algebra describing a mixed paraparticle model, known in the bibliography as 'The Relative Parabose Set (RPBS)'. Focusing in the special case of a single parabosonic and a single parafermionic degree of freedom P (1,1) BF , we will construct a class of Fock-like representations of this algebra, dependent on a positive parameter p a kind of generalized parastatistics order. Mathematical properties of the Fock-like modules will be investigated for all values of p and constructions such as ladder operators, irreducibility (for the carrier spaces) and (Z 2 x Z 2 )-gradings (for both the carrier spaces and the algebra itself) will be established.
A Hartree–Fock study of the confined helium atom: Local and global basis set approaches
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Young, Toby D., E-mail: tyoung@ippt.pan.pl [Zakład Metod Komputerowych, Instytut Podstawowych Prolemów Techniki Polskiej Akademia Nauk, ul. Pawińskiego 5b, 02-106 Warszawa (Poland); Vargas, Rubicelia [Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingenierías, Departamento de Química, San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, Iztapalapa, D.F. C.P. 09340, México (Mexico); Garza, Jorge, E-mail: jgo@xanum.uam.mx [Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana Iztapalapa, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingenierías, Departamento de Química, San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, Iztapalapa, D.F. C.P. 09340, México (Mexico)
2016-02-15
Two different basis set methods are used to calculate atomic energy within Hartree–Fock theory. The first is a local basis set approach using high-order real-space finite elements and the second is a global basis set approach using modified Slater-type orbitals. These two approaches are applied to the confined helium atom and are compared by calculating one- and two-electron contributions to the total energy. As a measure of the quality of the electron density, the cusp condition is analyzed. - Highlights: • Two different basis set methods for atomic Hartree–Fock theory. • Galerkin finite element method and modified Slater-type orbitals. • Confined atom model (helium) under small-to-extreme confinement radii. • Detailed analysis of the electron wave-function and the cusp condition.
Spiral magnetism in the single-band Hubbard model: the Hartree-Fock and slave-boson approaches.
Igoshev, P A; Timirgazin, M A; Gilmutdinov, V F; Arzhnikov, A K; Irkhin, V Yu
2015-11-11
The ground-state magnetic phase diagram is investigated within the single-band Hubbard model for square and different cubic lattices. The results of employing the generalized non-correlated mean-field (Hartree-Fock) approximation and generalized slave-boson approach by Kotliar and Ruckenstein with correlation effects included are compared. We take into account commensurate ferromagnetic, antiferromagnetic, and incommensurate (spiral) magnetic phases, as well as phase separation into magnetic phases of different types, which was often lacking in previous investigations. It is found that the spiral states and especially ferromagnetism are generally strongly suppressed up to non-realistically large Hubbard U by the correlation effects if nesting is absent and van Hove singularities are well away from the paramagnetic phase Fermi level. The magnetic phase separation plays an important role in the formation of magnetic states, the corresponding phase regions being especially wide in the vicinity of half-filling. The details of non-collinear and collinear magnetic ordering for different cubic lattices are discussed.
Heisenberg-limited interferometry with pair coherent states and parity measurements
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gerry, Christopher C.; Mimih, Jihane
2010-01-01
After reviewing parity-measurement-based interferometry with twin Fock states, which allows for supersensitivity (Heisenberg limited) and super-resolution, we consider interferometry with two different superpositions of twin Fock states, namely, two-mode squeezed vacuum states and pair coherent states. This study is motivated by the experimental challenge of producing twin Fock states on opposite sides of a beam splitter. We find that input two-mode squeezed states, while allowing for Heisenberg-limited sensitivity, do not yield super-resolutions, whereas both are possible with input pair coherent states.
Relativistic description of nuclear systems in the Hartree-Fock approximation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bouyssy, A.; Mathiot, J.F.; Nguyen Van Giai; Marcos, S.
1986-03-01
The structure of infinite nuclear matter and finite nuclei is studied in the framework of the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation. A particular attention is paid to the contribution of isovector mesons. (π,p). A satisfactory description of binding energies and densities can be obtained for light as well as heavy nuclei. The spin-orbit splittings are well reproduced. Connections with non-relativistic formulations are also discussed
An introduction to the adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Giannoni, M.J.
1984-05-01
The aim of the adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock method is to investigate the microscopic foundations of the phenomenological collective models. We briefly review the general formulation, which consists in deriving a Bohr-like Hamiltonian from a mean field theory, and discuss the limiting case where only a few collective variables participate to the motion. Some applications to soft nuclei and heavy ion collisions are presented
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pal, Sourav; Sajeev, Y.; Vaval, Nayana
2006-01-01
The Fock space multi-reference coupled-cluster (FSMRCC) method is used for the study of the shape resonance energy and width in an electron-atom/molecule collision. The procedure is based upon combining a complex absorbing potential (CAP) with FSMRCC theory. Accurate resonance parameters are obtained by solving a small non-Hermitian eigen-value problem. We study the shape resonances in e - -C 2 H 4 and e - -Mg
Coupled Hartree-Fock calculation of {sup 13} C shielding tensors in acetylene clusters
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Craw, John Simon; Nascimento, Marco Antonio Chaer [Universidade Federal, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Inst. de Quimica
1992-12-31
The coupled Hartree Fock method has been used to calculate ab-initio carbon magnetic shielding tensors for small clusters of acetylene molecules. The chemical shift increases from the monomer to the dimer and trimer. This is mainly due increased diamagnetism, which is imperfectly cancelled by increased paramagnetism due to loss of axial symmetry. Anisotropic effects are shown to be small in both the dimer the and trimer. (author) 21 refs., 2 tabs.
On the solution of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equations by the conjugate gradient method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Egido, J.L.; Robledo, L.M.
1995-01-01
The conjugate gradient method is formulated in the Hilbert space for density and non-density dependent Hamiltonians. We apply it to the solution of the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equations with constraints. As a numerical application we show calculations with the finite range density dependent Gogny force. The number of iterations required to reach convergence is reduced by a factor of three to four as compared with the standard gradient method. (orig.)
Uniqueness of the Fock quantization of the Gowdy T3 model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cortez, Jeronimo; Marugan, Guillermo A. Mena; Velhinho, Jose M.
2007-01-01
After its reduction by a gauge-fixing procedure, the family of linearly polarized Gowdy T 3 cosmologies admits a scalar field description whose evolution is governed by a Klein-Gordon type equation in a flat background in 1+1 dimensions with the spatial topology of S 1 , though in the presence of a time-dependent potential. The model is still subject to a homogeneous constraint, which generates S 1 -translations. Recently, a Fock quantization of this scalar field was introduced and shown to be unique under the requirements of unitarity of the dynamics and invariance under the gauge group of S 1 -translations. In this work, we extend and complete this uniqueness result by considering other possible scalar field descriptions, resulting from reasonable field reparametrizations of the induced metric of the reduced model. In the reduced phase space, these alternate descriptions can be obtained by means of a time-dependent scaling of the field, the inverse scaling of its canonical momentum, and the possible addition of a time-dependent, linear contribution of the field to this momentum. Demanding again unitarity of the field dynamics and invariance under the gauge group, we prove that the alternate canonical pairs of fieldlike variables admit a Fock representation if and only if the scaling of the field is constant in time. In this case, there exists essentially a unique Fock representation, provided by the quantization constructed by Corichi, Cortez, and Mena Marugan. In particular, our analysis shows that the scalar field description proposed by Pierri does not admit a Fock quantization with the above unitarity and invariance properties
Linearized Jastrow-style fluctuations on spin-projected Hartree-Fock
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Henderson, Thomas M.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.
2013-01-01
The accurate and efficient description of strong electronic correlations remains an important objective in electronic structure theory. Projected Hartree-Fock theory, where symmetries of the Hamiltonian are deliberately broken and projectively restored, all with a mean-field computational scaling, shows considerable promise in this regard. However, the method is neither size extensive nor size consistent; in other words, the correlation energy per particle beyond broken-symmetry mean field vanishes in the thermodynamic limit, and the dissociation limit of a molecule is not the sum of the fragment energies. These two problems are closely related. Recently, Neuscamman [Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 203001 (2012)] has proposed a method to cure the lack of size consistency in the context of the antisymmetrized geminal power wave function (equivalent to number-projected Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov) by using a Jastrow-type correlator in Hilbert space. Here, we apply the basic idea in the context of projected Hartree-Fock theory, linearizing the correlator for computational simplicity but extending it to include spin fluctuations. Results are presented for the Hubbard Hamiltonian and for some simple molecular systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Seddigi, Z.S.
2004-01-01
We found interesting results regarding some thermodynamical parameters (Delta H, Delta G and Delta S of the MTG Reaction and FTIR Spectra of methanol and dimethylether, using the Hartree-Fock method and Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations at different computational levels. It is the aim of this paper to highlight these results. The GAUSSIAN 98 program was used to carry out the LCAO-MO-SCF calculations at the following levels: RHF/3-21g, RHF/6-31g and DFT/B3LYP/d95**. Calculations at the restricted Hartree-Fock levels (FHR/3-22 g and RHF/6-31g) were performed since they are expensive as other levels (DFT/B3LYP/d95**. In case of the HF method, working with larger basis set (6-31g) has improved the values slightly, which is as expected. We have noticed that performing calculations at higher levels (DFT/B3LY/D95**) than the Hartree-Fock method does not dramatically improve the situation. Indeed RHF is a reasonable approximation for many single gas phase molecular calculations. HF calculations at relatively small basis sets are adequate. The theoretical vibrational spectra of both methanol and dimethylether were compared with experimental results. (author)
Dirac fields in flat FLRW cosmology: Uniqueness of the Fock quantization
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cortez, Jerónimo, E-mail: jacq@ciencias.unam.mx [Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México D.F. 04510 (Mexico); Elizaga Navascués, Beatriz, E-mail: beatriz.elizaga@iem.cfmac.csic.es [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Martín-Benito, Mercedes, E-mail: m.martin@hef.ru.nl [Radboud University Nijmegen, Institute for Mathematics, Astrophysics and Particle Physics, Heyendaalseweg 135, NL-6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands); Mena Marugán, Guillermo A., E-mail: mena@iem.cfmac.csic.es [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, IEM-CSIC, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Velhinho, José M., E-mail: jvelhi@ubi.pt [Universidade da Beira Interior, Rua Marquês d’Ávila e Bolama, 6201-001, Covilhã (Portugal)
2017-01-15
We address the issue of the infinite ambiguity that affects the construction of a Fock quantization of a Dirac field propagating in a cosmological spacetime with flat compact sections. In particular, we discuss a physical criterion that restricts to a unique possibility (up to unitary equivalence) the infinite set of available vacua. We prove that this desired uniqueness is guaranteed, for any possible choice of spin structure on the spatial sections, if we impose two conditions. The first one is that the symmetries of the classical system must be implemented quantum mechanically, so that the vacuum is invariant under the symmetry transformations. The second and more important condition is that the constructed theory must have a quantum dynamics that is implementable as a (non-trivial) unitary operator in Fock space. Actually, this unitarity of the quantum dynamics leads us to identify as explicitly time dependent some very specific contributions of the Dirac field. In doing that, we essentially characterize the part of the dynamics governed by the Dirac equation that is unitarily implementable. The uniqueness of the Fock vacuum is attained then once a physically motivated convention for the concepts of particles and antiparticles is fixed.
A unique Fock quantization for fields in non-stationary spacetimes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cortez, Jerónimo; Marugán, Guillermo A. Mena; Olmedo, Javier; Velhinho, José M.
2010-01-01
In curved spacetimes, the lack of criteria for the construction of a unique quantization is a fundamental problem undermining the significance of the predictions of quantum field theory. Inequivalent quantizations lead to different physics. Recently, however, some uniqueness results have been obtained for fields in non-stationary settings. In particular, for vacua that are invariant under the background symmetries, a unitary implementation of the classical evolution suffices to pick up a unique Fock quantization in the case of Klein-Gordon fields with time-dependent mass, propagating in a static spacetime whose spatial sections are three-spheres. In fact, the field equation can be reinterpreted as describing the propagation in a Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime after a suitable scaling of the field by a function of time. For this class of fields, we prove here an even stronger result about the Fock quantization: the uniqueness persists when one allows for linear time-dependent transformations of the field in order to account for a scaling by background functions. In total, paying attention to the dynamics, there exists a preferred choice of quantum field, and only one SO(4)-invariant Fock representation for it that respects the standard probabilistic interpretation along the evolution. The result has relevant implications e.g. in cosmology
Uniqueness of the Fock quantization of scalar fields in spatially flat cosmological spacetimes
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gomar, Laura Castelló [Facultad de Ciencias Físicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Ciudad Universitaria, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Cortez, Jerónimo [Departamento de Física, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico D.F. 04510 (Mexico); Blas, Daniel Martín-de; Marugán, Guillermo A. Mena [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 121, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Velhinho, José M., E-mail: laucaste@estumail.ucm.es, E-mail: jacq@ciencias.unam.mx, E-mail: daniel.martin@iem.cfmac.csic.es, E-mail: jvelhi@ubi.pt [Departamento de Física, Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade da Beira Interior, R. Marquês D' Ávila e Bolama, 6201-001 Covilhã (Portugal)
2012-11-01
We study the Fock quantization of scalar fields in (generically) time dependent scenarios, focusing on the case in which the field propagation occurs in –either a background or effective– spacetime with spatial sections of flat compact topology. The discussion finds important applications in cosmology, like e.g. in the description of test Klein-Gordon fields and scalar perturbations in Friedmann-Robertson-Walker spacetime in the observationally favored flat case. Two types of ambiguities in the quantization are analyzed. First, the infinite ambiguity existing in the choice of a Fock representation for the canonical commutation relations, understandable as the freedom in the choice of inequivalent vacua for a given field. Besides, in cosmological situations, it is customary to scale the fields by time dependent functions, which absorb part of the evolution arising from the spacetime, which is treated classically. This leads to an additional ambiguity, this time in the choice of a canonical pair of field variables. We show that both types of ambiguities are removed by the requirements of (a) invariance of the vacuum under the symmetries of the three-torus, and (b) unitary implementation of the dynamics in the quantum theory. In this way, one arrives at a unique class of unitarily equivalent Fock quantizations for the system. This result provides considerable robustness to the quantum predictions and renders meaningful the confrontation with observation.
Dirac fields in flat FLRW cosmology: Uniqueness of the Fock quantization
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cortez, Jerónimo; Elizaga Navascués, Beatriz; Martín-Benito, Mercedes; Mena Marugán, Guillermo A.; Velhinho, José M.
2017-01-01
We address the issue of the infinite ambiguity that affects the construction of a Fock quantization of a Dirac field propagating in a cosmological spacetime with flat compact sections. In particular, we discuss a physical criterion that restricts to a unique possibility (up to unitary equivalence) the infinite set of available vacua. We prove that this desired uniqueness is guaranteed, for any possible choice of spin structure on the spatial sections, if we impose two conditions. The first one is that the symmetries of the classical system must be implemented quantum mechanically, so that the vacuum is invariant under the symmetry transformations. The second and more important condition is that the constructed theory must have a quantum dynamics that is implementable as a (non-trivial) unitary operator in Fock space. Actually, this unitarity of the quantum dynamics leads us to identify as explicitly time dependent some very specific contributions of the Dirac field. In doing that, we essentially characterize the part of the dynamics governed by the Dirac equation that is unitarily implementable. The uniqueness of the Fock vacuum is attained then once a physically motivated convention for the concepts of particles and antiparticles is fixed.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amusa, A.
1983-03-01
Different Hamiltonians and their corresponding rotationally degenerate intrinsic counterparts are employed in the study of 18 O nucleus under the normal Hartree-Fock, as well as under six other Hartree-Fock type variational calculation schemes. The results are compared and then assessed in the light of their closeness or otherwise to the full 1s-0d basis shell model calculations for this nucleus. The use of these schemes for other shells is also considered. (author)
Relativistic Dirac-Fock and many-body perturbation calculations on He, He-like ions, Ne, and Ar
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ishikawa, Y.
1990-01-01
Relativistic Dirac-Fock and diagrammatic many-body perturbation-theory calculations have been performed on He, several He-like ions, Ne, and Ar. The no-pair Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian is taken as the starting point. A solution of the Dirac-Fock equations is obtained by analytic expansion in basis sets of Gaussian-type functions. Many-body perturbation improvements of Coulomb correlation are done to third order
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kato, Tsuyoshi; Ide, Yoshihiro; Yamanouchi, Kaoru [Department of Chemistry, School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1, Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-0033 (Japan)
2015-12-31
We first calculate the ground-state molecular wave function of 1D model H{sub 2} molecule by solving the coupled equations of motion formulated in the extended multi-configuration time-dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) method by the imaginary time propagation. From the comparisons with the results obtained by the Born-Huang (BH) expansion method as well as with the exact wave function, we observe that the memory size required in the extended MCTDHF method is about two orders of magnitude smaller than in the BH expansion method to achieve the same accuracy for the total energy. Second, in order to provide a theoretical means to understand dynamical behavior of the wave function, we propose to define effective adiabatic potential functions and compare them with the conventional adiabatic electronic potentials, although the notion of the adiabatic potentials is not used in the extended MCTDHF approach. From the comparison, we conclude that by calculating the effective potentials we may be able to predict the energy differences among electronic states even for a time-dependent system, e.g., time-dependent excitation energies, which would be difficult to be estimated within the BH expansion approach.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Libert, J.; Girod, M.; Delaroche, J-P.; Berger, J-F.; Romain, P.; Peru, S.
1997-01-01
The superdeformed bands of the nuclei in the region A = 190 were described by two microscopic approaches using Gogny D1 finite range interaction. The first one consists in building a Bohr Hamiltonian in the framework of Gauss overlap approximation (GOA) of the generator-coordinate method, starting from Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov solutions under quadrupole constraints. This collective Hamiltonian microscopically determined for five quadrupolar variables is then diagonalized by a projection method on a collective based adapted to the large variety of the deformations to be considered. A special attention was given to the precise definition of the under-barrier collective wavefunctions (for which an original method of solving the collective Schroedinger equation was developed) in order to described correctly the lifetime of the shape isomeric states. The other approach, that of Routhian is based also on the Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov approximation. The calculations are carried out with and without restoring the broken symmetry associated to the particle numbers (as given by Lipkin-Nogami). The results (excitation energies, moments of inertia, etc...) of the two calculation methods are compared with most recent experimental data. The existence of the superdeformed bands corresponding to vibrational excitations similar to those appearing in β and γ bands is proposed
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cinakli, S.; Sert, Y.; Boeyuekata, M.; Ucun, F.
2010-01-01
The vibrational spectra of benzaldehyde and its derivatives have been studied earlier. The substitution of a functional group changes the spectra markedly. Recent spectroscopic studies of the benzaldehyde and their derivatives have been motivated because the vibrational spectra are very useful for understanding of specific biological process and in the analysis of relatively complex systems. The optimized molecular structure, vibrational frequencies and corresponding vibrational assignments, the total energy calculations, relative energies, the mean vibrational deviations of the two planar O-cis and O-trans roomers of 5-Hydroxy 2-nitrobenzaldehydes have been calculated using ab initio Hartree Fock (HF) and Density Functional Theory (B3LYP) with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set. All computations have been performed on personal computer using the Gaussian 03 program package. The calculations were adapted to Cs symmetries of all the molecules. The O-trans rotomers with lower energy of all the molecules have been found as preferential rotomers in the ground state.
Quantum State Engineering Via Coherent-State Superpositions
Janszky, Jozsef; Adam, P.; Szabo, S.; Domokos, P.
1996-01-01
The quantum interference between the two parts of the optical Schrodinger-cat state makes possible to construct a wide class of quantum states via discrete superpositions of coherent states. Even a small number of coherent states can approximate the given quantum states at a high accuracy when the distance between the coherent states is optimized, e. g. nearly perfect Fock state can be constructed by discrete superpositions of n + 1 coherent states lying in the vicinity of the vacuum state.
Heralded source of bright multi-mode mesoscopic sub-Poissonian light
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Iskhakov, Timur; Usenko, V. C.; Andersen, Ulrik Lund
2016-01-01
In a direct detection scheme, we observed 7.8 dB of twin-beam squeezing for multi-mode two-color squeezed vacuum generated via parametric downconversion. Applying postselection, we conditionally prepared a sub-Poissonian state of light containing 6.3 . 105 photons per pulse on the average...
Tensor numerical methods in quantum chemistry: from Hartree-Fock to excitation energies.
Khoromskaia, Venera; Khoromskij, Boris N
2015-12-21
We resume the recent successes of the grid-based tensor numerical methods and discuss their prospects in real-space electronic structure calculations. These methods, based on the low-rank representation of the multidimensional functions and integral operators, first appeared as an accurate tensor calculus for the 3D Hartree potential using 1D complexity operations, and have evolved to entirely grid-based tensor-structured 3D Hartree-Fock eigenvalue solver. It benefits from tensor calculation of the core Hamiltonian and two-electron integrals (TEI) in O(n log n) complexity using the rank-structured approximation of basis functions, electron densities and convolution integral operators all represented on 3D n × n × n Cartesian grids. The algorithm for calculating TEI tensor in a form of the Cholesky decomposition is based on multiple factorizations using algebraic 1D "density fitting" scheme, which yield an almost irreducible number of product basis functions involved in the 3D convolution integrals, depending on a threshold ε > 0. The basis functions are not restricted to separable Gaussians, since the analytical integration is substituted by high-precision tensor-structured numerical quadratures. The tensor approaches to post-Hartree-Fock calculations for the MP2 energy correction and for the Bethe-Salpeter excitation energies, based on using low-rank factorizations and the reduced basis method, were recently introduced. Another direction is towards the tensor-based Hartree-Fock numerical scheme for finite lattices, where one of the numerical challenges is the summation of electrostatic potentials of a large number of nuclei. The 3D grid-based tensor method for calculation of a potential sum on a L × L × L lattice manifests the linear in L computational work, O(L), instead of the usual O(L(3) log L) scaling by the Ewald-type approaches.
Hartree-Fock calculation of nuclear binding energy of sodium isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Campi, X.; Flocard, H.
1975-01-01
Mass spectrometer measurements of the neutron rich sodium isotopes show a sudden increase at 31 Na in the values of the two neutron separation energies. The spherical shell model naturally predicts a sudden decrease at 32 Na after the N=20 shell closure. It is proposed that the explanation for this disagreement lies in the fact that sodium isotopes in this mass region are strongly deformed due to the filling of negative parity orbitals from the 1f(7/2) shell. Hartree-Fock calculations are presented in support of this conjecture [fr
Calculation of transition probabilities using the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kim, Yong Ki; Desclaux, Jean Paul; Indelicato, Paul
1998-01-01
The performance of the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) method in calculating transition probabilities of atoms is reviewed. In general, the MCDF wave functions will lead to transition probabilities accurate to ∼ 10% or better for strong, electric-dipole allowed transitions for small atoms. However, it is more difficult to get reliable transition probabilities for weak transitions. Also, some MCDF wave functions for a specific J quantum number may not reduce to the appropriate L and S quantum numbers in the nonrelativistic limit. Transition probabilities calculated from such MCDF wave functions for nonrelativistically forbidden transitions are unreliable. Remedies for such cases are discussed
Ab initio Hartree-Fock study on surface desorption process in tritium release
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Taniguchi, M.; Tanaka, S.
1998-01-01
Dissociative adsorption of hydrogen on Li 2 O (110) surface has been investigated with ab initio Hartree-Fock quantum chemical calculation technique. Heat of adsorption and surface potential energy for H 2 dissociative adsorption were evaluated by calculating the total energy of the system. The calculated results on adsorption heat indicated that H 2 adsorption is endothermic. However, when an oxygen vacancy exists adjacent to the adsorption site, the heat of adsorption became less endothermic and the activation energy required to dissociate the H-H bonding was smaller than that for the terrace site. This is considered to be caused by the excess charge localized near the defect. (orig.)
Hartree-Fock-Bogolubov approximation in the models with general four-fermion interaction
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bogolubov, N.N. Jr.; Soldatov, A.V.
1995-12-01
The foundation of this work was established by the lectures of Prof. N.N. Bogolubov (senior) written in the beginning of 1990. We should like to develop some of his ideas connected with Hartree-Fock-Bogolubov method and to show how this approximation works in connection with general equations for Green's functions with source terms for sufficiently general model Hamiltonian of four-fermion interaction type and how, for example, to get some results of superconductivity theory by means of this method. (author). 5 refs
Time-dependent Hartree-Fock studies of the dynamical fusion threshold
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Nakatsukasa Takashi
2012-12-01
Full Text Available A microscopic description of dynamical fusion threshold in heavy ion collisions is performed in the framework of time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF theory using Skyrme energy density functional (EDF. TDHF fusion threshold is in a better agreement with experimental fusion barrier. We find that the onset of extra push lies at the effective fissility 33, which is consistent with the prediction of Swiateckis macroscopic model. The extra push energy in our TDHF simulation is systematically smaller than the prediction in macroscopic model. The important dynamical effects and the way to fit the parameter might be responsible for the different results.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tecmer, Paweł; Visscher, Lucas; Severo Pereira Gomes, André; Knecht, Stefan
2014-01-01
We present a study of the electronic structure of the [UO 2 ] + , [UO 2 ] 2 + , [UO 2 ] 3 + , NUO, [NUO] + , [NUO] 2 + , [NUN] − , NUN, and [NUN] + molecules with the intermediate Hamiltonian Fock-space coupled cluster method. The accuracy of mean-field approaches based on the eXact-2-Component Hamiltonian to incorporate spin–orbit coupling and Gaunt interactions are compared to results obtained with the Dirac–Coulomb Hamiltonian. Furthermore, we assess the reliability of calculations employing approximate density functionals in describing electronic spectra and quantities useful in rationalizing Uranium (VI) species reactivity (hardness, electronegativity, and electrophilicity)
Tecmer, Paweł; Severo Pereira Gomes, André; Knecht, Stefan; Visscher, Lucas
2014-07-01
We present a study of the electronic structure of the [UO2]+, [UO2]2 +, [UO2]3 +, NUO, [NUO]+, [NUO]2 +, [NUN]-, NUN, and [NUN]+ molecules with the intermediate Hamiltonian Fock-space coupled cluster method. The accuracy of mean-field approaches based on the eXact-2-Component Hamiltonian to incorporate spin-orbit coupling and Gaunt interactions are compared to results obtained with the Dirac-Coulomb Hamiltonian. Furthermore, we assess the reliability of calculations employing approximate density functionals in describing electronic spectra and quantities useful in rationalizing Uranium (VI) species reactivity (hardness, electronegativity, and electrophilicity).
Comparison of the surface friction model with the time-dependent Hartree-Fock method
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Froebrich, P.
1984-01-01
A comparison is made between the classical phenomenological surface friction model and a time-dependent Hartree-Fock study by Dhar for the system 208 Pb+ 74 Ge at E/sub lab/(Pb) = 1600 MeV. The general trends for energy loss, mean values for charge and mass, interaction times and energy-angle correlations turn out to be fairly similar in both methods. However, contrary to Dhar, the events close to capture are interpreted as normal deep-inelastic, i.e., not as fast fission processes
Multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock calculations of energy levels and radiative rates of Fe VII
Li, Yang; Xu, Xiaokai; Li, Bowen; Jönsson, Per; Chen, Ximeng
2018-06-01
Detailed calculations are performed for 134 fine-structure levels of the 3p63d2, 3p63d4s, 3p53d3 and 3p63d4p configurations in Fe VII using the multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock (MCDHF) and relativistic configuration interaction (RCI) methods. Important electron correlation effects are systematically accounted for through active space (AS) expansions. Our results compare well with experimental measurements, emphasizing the importance of a careful treatment of electron correlation, and provide some missing data in the NIST atomic database. The data obtained are expected to be useful in astrophysical applications, particularly for the research of the solar coronal plasma.
Second-Order Moller-Plesset Perturbation Theory for Molecular Dirac-Hartree-Fock Wave Functions
Dyall, Kenneth G.; Arnold, James O. (Technical Monitor)
1994-01-01
Moller-Plesset perturbation theory is developed to second order for a selection of Kramers restricted Dirac-Hartree-Fock closed and open-shell reference wave functions. The open-shell wave functions considered are limited to those with no more than two electrons in open shells, but include the case of a two-configuration SCF reference. Denominator shifts are included in the style of Davidson's OPT2 method. An implementation which uses unordered integrals with labels is presented, and results are given for a few test cases.
Veeraraghavan, Srikant; Mazziotti, David A
2014-03-28
We present a density matrix approach for computing global solutions of restricted open-shell Hartree-Fock theory, based on semidefinite programming (SDP), that gives upper and lower bounds on the Hartree-Fock energy of quantum systems. While wave function approaches to Hartree-Fock theory yield an upper bound to the Hartree-Fock energy, we derive a semidefinite relaxation of Hartree-Fock theory that yields a rigorous lower bound on the Hartree-Fock energy. We also develop an upper-bound algorithm in which Hartree-Fock theory is cast as a SDP with a nonconvex constraint on the rank of the matrix variable. Equality of the upper- and lower-bound energies guarantees that the computed solution is the globally optimal solution of Hartree-Fock theory. The work extends a previously presented method for closed-shell systems [S. Veeraraghavan and D. A. Mazziotti, Phys. Rev. A 89, 010502-R (2014)]. For strongly correlated systems the SDP approach provides an alternative to the locally optimized Hartree-Fock energies and densities with a certificate of global optimality. Applications are made to the potential energy curves of C2, CN, Cr2, and NO2.
Ramoutar, Virin; Landa, Cristian; James, Leighton R
2014-08-22
A 50-year-old African-American man presented with acute tubular necrosis (ATN) secondary to hypotension from non-typhoid Salmonella gastroenteritis and bacteraemia. The oliguric phase lasted only 24 h followed by prolonged polyuria for 20 days, with urine output in excess of 16 L/day at maximum. As indexed in PubMed this is only the second published case of this nature since 1974, in which an abrupt oliguric phase of 24 h or less heralded prolonged polyuria in ATN. The diagnosis is challenging as fractional excretion of sodium early in the clinical course and rapid normalisation of serum creatinine with intravenous fluids (IVF) may point towards prerenal azotaemia resulting in a premature discharge from hospital. Patients with an abrupt oliguric phase may suffer a secondary renal insult from the profound fluid loss that is to follow and may need inpatient monitoring with supplemental IVF to prevent deleterious outcomes. 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
Covariant extension of the GPD overlap representation at low Fock states
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Chouika, N.; Moutarde, H. [Univ. Paris-Saclay, Gif-sur-Yvette (France). IRFU, CEA; Mezrag, C. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL (United States). Physics Div.; Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Rome (Italy); Rodriguez-Quintero, J. [Huelva Univ. (Spain). Dept. Ciencias Integradas
2017-12-15
We present a novel approach to compute generalized parton distributions within the lightfront wave function overlap framework. We show how to systematically extend generalized parton distributions computed within the DGLAP region to the ERBL one, fulfilling at the same time both the polynomiality and positivity conditions. We exemplify our method using pion lightfront wave functions inspired by recent results of non-perturbative continuum techniques and algebraic nucleon lightfront wave functions. We also test the robustness of our algorithm on reggeized phenomenological parameterizations. This approach paves the way to a better understanding of the nucleon structure from non-perturbative techniques and to a unification of generalized parton distributions and transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions phenomenology through lightfront wave functions. (orig.)
Maitra, Rahul; Nakajima, Takahito
2017-11-28
We present an accurate single reference coupled cluster theory in which the conventional Fock operator matrix is suitably dressed to simulate the effect of triple and higher excitations within a singles and doubles framework. The dressing thus invoked originates from a second-order perturbative approximation of a similarity transformed Hamiltonian and induces higher rank excitations through local renormalization of individual occupied and unoccupied orbital lines. Such a dressing is able to recover a significant amount of correlation effects beyond singles and doubles approximation, but only with an economic n 5 additional cost. Due to the inclusion of higher rank excitations via the Fock matrix dressing, this method is a natural improvement over conventional coupled cluster theory with singles and doubles approximation, and this method would be demonstrated via applications on some challenging systems. This highly promising scheme has a conceptually simple structure which is also easily generalizable to a multi-reference coupled cluster scheme for treating strong degeneracy. We shall demonstrate that this method is a natural lowest order perturbative approximation to the recently developed iterative n-body excitation inclusive coupled cluster singles and doubles scheme [R. Maitra et al., J. Chem. Phys. 147, 074103 (2017)].
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Loebl, N.; Maruhn, J. A.; Reinhard, P.-G.
2011-01-01
By calculating the Wigner distribution function in the reaction plane, we are able to probe the phase-space behavior in the time-dependent Hartree-Fock scheme during a heavy-ion collision in a consistent framework. Various expectation values of operators are calculated by evaluating the corresponding integrals over the Wigner function. In this approach, it is straightforward to define and analyze quantities even locally. We compare the Wigner distribution function with the smoothed Husimi distribution function. Different reaction scenarios are presented by analyzing central and noncentral 16 O + 16 O and 96 Zr + 132 Sn collisions. Although we observe strong dissipation in the time evolution of global observables, there is no evidence for complete equilibration in the local analysis of the Wigner function. Because the initial phase-space volumes of the fragments barely merge and mean values of the observables are conserved in fusion reactions over thousands of fm/c, we conclude that the time-dependent Hartree-Fock method provides a good description of the early stage of a heavy-ion collision but does not provide a mechanism to change the phase-space structure in a dramatic way necessary to obtain complete equilibration.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brut, F.
1982-01-01
The spectroscopy of odd-A nuclei, in the 1p and 2s-1d shells, is studied in the framework of the projected Hartree-Fock method and by the generator coordinate method. The nuclear effective interactions of Cohen and Kurath, on the one hand, and of Kuo or Preedom-Wildenthal, on the other hand, are used. The binding energies, the nuclear spectra, the static moments and the electromagnetic transitions obtained by these two approaches are compared to the same quantities given by a complete diagonalization in the shell model basis. This study of light nuclei gives some possibilities to put in order the energy levels by coupled rotational bands. In the microscopic approach, thus we find all the elements of the unified model of Bohr and Mottelson. To give evidence of such a relation, the functions of the angle β, in the integrals of the projection method of Peierls and Yoccoz, for a Slater determinant, are developed in the vicinity of the bounds β = O and β = π. The microscopic coefficients are evaluated in the Hartree-Fock approximation, using the particle-hole formalism. Calculations are made for 20 Ne and 21 Ne and the resulting microscopic coefficients are compared with the corresponding terms of the unified model of Bohr and Mottelson [fr
Uniqueness of the Fock representation of the Gowdy S1 x S2 and S3 models
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cortez, Jeronimo; Marugan, Guillermo A Mena; Velhinho, Jose M
2008-01-01
After a suitable gauge fixing, the local gravitational degrees of freedom of the Gowdy S 1 x S 2 and S 3 cosmologies are encoded in an axisymmetric field on the sphere S 2 . Recently, it has been shown that a standard field parametrization of these reduced models admits no Fock quantization with a unitary dynamics. This lack of unitarity is surpassed by a convenient redefinition of the field and the choice of an adequate complex structure. The result is a Fock quantization where both the dynamics and the SO(3)-symmetries of the field equations are unitarily implemented. The present work proves that this Fock representation is in fact unique inasmuch as, up to equivalence, there exists no other possible choice of SO(3)-invariant complex structure leading to a unitary implementation of the time evolution
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chizhov, A.V.; Paris, M.G.A.
1998-01-01
Phase squeezed states of a single mode radiation field have been introduced as eigenstates of a linear combination of lowering and raising operators. The explicit expression in the Fock basis has been obtained and some relevant properties have been illustrated. (author)
Huntington, Lee M J; Krupička, Martin; Neese, Frank; Izsák, Róbert
2017-11-07
The similarity transformed equation of motion coupled-cluster approach is extended for applications to high-spin open-shell systems, within the unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF) formalism. An automatic active space selection scheme has also been implemented such that calculations can be performed in a black-box fashion. It is observed that both the canonical and automatic active space selecting similarity transformed equation of motion (STEOM) approaches perform about as well as the more expensive equation of motion coupled-cluster singles doubles (EOM-CCSD) method for the calculation of the excitation energies of doublet radicals. The automatic active space selecting UHF STEOM approach can therefore be employed as a viable, lower scaling alternative to UHF EOM-CCSD for the calculation of excited states in high-spin open-shell systems.
Huntington, Lee M. J.; Krupička, Martin; Neese, Frank; Izsák, Róbert
2017-11-01
The similarity transformed equation of motion coupled-cluster approach is extended for applications to high-spin open-shell systems, within the unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF) formalism. An automatic active space selection scheme has also been implemented such that calculations can be performed in a black-box fashion. It is observed that both the canonical and automatic active space selecting similarity transformed equation of motion (STEOM) approaches perform about as well as the more expensive equation of motion coupled-cluster singles doubles (EOM-CCSD) method for the calculation of the excitation energies of doublet radicals. The automatic active space selecting UHF STEOM approach can therefore be employed as a viable, lower scaling alternative to UHF EOM-CCSD for the calculation of excited states in high-spin open-shell systems.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Libert, J. [Centre d`Etudes Nucleaires, Bordeaux-1 Univ., 33 Gradignan (France); Girod, M.; Delaroche, J-P.; Berger, J-F.; Romain, P.; Peru, S. [CEA Centre d`Etudes de Bruyeres-le-Chatel, 91 (France)
1997-06-01
The superdeformed bands of the nuclei in the region A = 190 were described by two microscopic approaches using Gogny D1 finite range interaction. The first one consists in building a Bohr Hamiltonian in the framework of Gauss overlap approximation (GOA) of the generator-coordinate method, starting from Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov solutions under quadrupole constraints. This collective Hamiltonian microscopically determined for five quadrupolar variables is then diagonalized by a projection method on a collective based adapted to the large variety of the deformations to be considered. A special attention was given to the precise definition of the under-barrier collective wavefunctions (for which an original method of solving the collective Schroedinger equation was developed) in order to described correctly the lifetime of the shape isomeric states. The other approach, that of Routhian is based also on the Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov approximation. The calculations are carried out with and without restoring the broken symmetry associated to the particle numbers (as given by Lipkin-Nogami). The results (excitation energies, moments of inertia, etc...) of the two calculation methods are compared with most recent experimental data. The existence of the superdeformed bands corresponding to vibrational excitations similar to those appearing in {beta} and {gamma} bands is proposed
Decrease in fruit moisture content heralds and might launch the onset of ripening processes.
Frenkel, Chaim; Hartman, Thomas G
2012-10-01
It is known that fruit ripening is a genetically programmed event but it is not entirely clear what metabolic cue(s) stimulate the onset of ripening, ethylene action notwithstanding. Here, we examined the conjecture that fruit ripening might be evoked by an autonomously induced decrease in tissue water status. We found decline in water content occurring at the onset of ripening in climacteric and nonclimacteric fruit, suggesting that this phenomenon might be universal. This decline in water content persisted throughout the ripening process in some fruit, whereas in others it reversed during the progression of the ripening process. Applied ethylene also induced a decrease in water content in potato (Solanum tuberosum) tubers. In ethylene-mutant tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit (antisense to1-aminocyclopropane carboxylate synthase), cold-induced decline in water content stimulated onset of ripening processes apparently independently of ethylene action, suggesting cause-and-effect relationship between decreasing water content and onset of ripening. The decline in tissue water content, occurring naturally or induced by ethylene, was strongly correlated with a decrease in hydration (swelling) efficacy of cell wall preparations suggesting that hydration dynamics of cell walls might account for changes in tissue moisture content. Extent of cell wall swelling was, in turn, related to the degree of oxidative cross-linking of wall-bound phenolic acids, suggesting that oxidant-induced wall restructuring might mediate cell wall and, thus, fruit tissue hydration status. We propose that oxidant-induced cell wall remodeling and consequent wall dehydration might evoke stress signaling for the onset of ripening processes. This study suggests that decline in fruit water content is an early event in fruit ripening. This information may be used to gauge fruit maturity for appropriate harvest date and for processing. Control of fruit hydration state might be used to regulate the
Bučinský , Luká š; Malček, Michal; Biskupič, Stanislav; Jayatilaka, Dylan; Bü chel, Gabriel E.; Arion, Vladimir B.
2015-01-01
"Kramers pairs symmetry breaking" is evaluated at the 2-component (2c) Kramers unrestricted and/or general complex Hartree-Fock (GCHF) level of theory, and its analogy with "spin contamination" at the 1-component (1c) unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF
Bučinský, Lukáš
2015-05-11
"Kramers pairs symmetry breaking" is evaluated at the 2-component (2c) Kramers unrestricted and/or general complex Hartree-Fock (GCHF) level of theory, and its analogy with "spin contamination" at the 1-component (1c) unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF) level of theory is emphasized. The GCHF "Kramers pairs symmetry breaking" evaluation is using the square of overlaps between the set of occupied spinorbitals with the projected set of Kramers pairs. In the same fashion, overlaps between α and β orbitals are used in the evaluation of "spin contamination" at the UHF level of theory. In this manner, UHF Š2 expectation value is made formally extended to the GCHF case. The directly evaluated GCHF expectation value of the Š2 operator is considered for completeness. It is found that the 2c GCHF Kramers pairs symmetry breaking has a very similar extent in comparison to the 1c UHF spin contamination. Thus higher excited states contributions to the 1c and 2c unrestricted wave functions of open shell systems have almost the same extent and physical consequences. Moreover, it is formally shown that a single determinant wave function in the restricted open shell Kramers case has the expectation value of K2 operator equal to the negative number of open shell electrons, while the eigenvalue of K2 for the series of simple systems (H, He, He*-triplet, Li and Li*-quartet) are found to be equal to minus the square of the number of open shell electrons. The concept of unpaired electron density is extended to the GCHF regime and compared to UHF and restricted open shell Hartree-Fock spin density. The "collinear" and "noncollinear" analogs of spin density at the GCHF level of theory are considered as well. Spin contamination and/or Kramers pairs symmetry breaking, spin populations and spin densities are considered for H2O+, Cl, HCl+, phenoxyl radical (C6H5O) as well as for Cu, Cu2+, Fe and the [OsCl5(1H-pyrazole)]- anion. The 1c and 2c unpaired electron density representation is found
Dirac-Fock-Breit-Gaunt calculations for tungsten hexacarbonyl W(CO)6.
Malli, Gulzari L
2016-05-21
The first all-electron fully relativistic Dirac-Fock-Breit-Gaunt (DFBG), Dirac-Fock (DF), and nonrelativistic (NR) Hartree-Fock (HF) calculations are reported for octahedral (Oh) tungsten hexacarbonyl W(CO)6. Our DF and NR HF calculations predict atomization energy of 73.76 and 70.33 eV, respectively. The relativistic contribution of ∼3.4 eV to the atomization energy of W(CO)6 is fairly significant. The DF and NR energy for the reaction W + 6CO → W(CO)6 is calculated as -7.90 and -8.86 eV, respectively. The mean bond energy predicted by our NR and DF calculations is 142.5 kJ/mol and 177.5 kJ/mol, respectively, and our predicted DF mean bond energy is in excellent agreement with the experimental value of 179 kJ/mol quoted in the literature. The relativistic effects contribute ∼35 kJ/mol to the mean bond energy and the calculated BSSE is 1.6 kcal/mol, which indicates that the triple zeta basis set used here is fairly good. The mean bond energy and the atomization energy calculated in our DFBG SCF calculations, which include variationally both the relativistic and magnetic Breit effects, is 157.4 kJ/mol and 68.84 eV, respectively. The magnetic Breit effects lead to a decrease of ∼20 kJ/mol and ∼4.9 eV for the mean bond energy and atomization energy, respectively, for W(CO)6. Our calculated magnetic Breit interaction energy of -9.79 eV for the energy of reaction (ΔE) for W + 6CO → W(CO)6 is lower by ∼1.90 eV as compared to the corresponding DF value (ΔE) and contributes significantly to the ΔE. A detailed discussion is presented of electronic structure, bonding, and molecular energy levels at various levels of theory for W(CO)6.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
So, Young; Kim, Hahn Young; Roh, Hong Gee; Han, Seol Heui
2007-01-01
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a memory disorder characterized by an episode of antegrade amnesia and bewilderment which persists for several hours. We analyzed brain perfusion SPECT findings and clinical outcome of patients who suffered from TGA. From September 2005 to August 2007, 12 patients underwent Tc-99m ECD brain perfusion SPECT for neuroimaging of TGA. All patients also underwent MRI and MRA including DWI (MRI). Among them, 10 patients who could be chased more than 6 months were included in this study. Their average age was 60.74.0 yrs (M: F = 2: 8) and the average duration of amnesia was 4.42.2 hrs (1 hr ∼ 7 hrs). Duration from episode of amnesia to SPECT was 4.32.4 days (1∼9 days). Precipitating factors could be identified in 6 patients: emotional stress 3, hair dyeing 1, taking a nap 1 and angioplasty 1. SPECT and MRI was visually assessed, No cerebral perfusion defect was observed on SPECT in 3 patients and their clinical outcome was all good. Among 7 patients who had cerebral perfusion defects on SPECT, 3 patients had good clinical outcome, while others did not: one had hypercholesterolemia, another had depression, and 2 patients with cerebral perfusion defects at both temporoparetal cortex was later diagnosed as early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MRI was negative in 6 patients and 3 of them had excellent clinical outcome while other 3 were diagnosed as hypercholesterolemia, early AD and MCI. Among 4 patients with positive MRI, 3 showed good clinical outcome and their MRI showed lesions at medial temporal cortex and/or vertebral artery. One patient with microcalcification at left putamen was diagnosed to have depression. Large cerebral perfusion defects on SPECT may herald psychiatric or neurodegenerative diseases of transient global amnesia patients which usually shows negative MRI
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
So, Young; Kim, Hahn Young; Roh, Hong Gee; Han, Seol Heui [Konkuk University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)
2007-07-01
Transient global amnesia (TGA) is a memory disorder characterized by an episode of antegrade amnesia and bewilderment which persists for several hours. We analyzed brain perfusion SPECT findings and clinical outcome of patients who suffered from TGA. From September 2005 to August 2007, 12 patients underwent Tc-99m ECD brain perfusion SPECT for neuroimaging of TGA. All patients also underwent MRI and MRA including DWI (MRI). Among them, 10 patients who could be chased more than 6 months were included in this study. Their average age was 60.74.0 yrs (M: F = 2: 8) and the average duration of amnesia was 4.42.2 hrs (1 hr {approx} 7 hrs). Duration from episode of amnesia to SPECT was 4.32.4 days (1{approx}9 days). Precipitating factors could be identified in 6 patients: emotional stress 3, hair dyeing 1, taking a nap 1 and angioplasty 1. SPECT and MRI was visually assessed, No cerebral perfusion defect was observed on SPECT in 3 patients and their clinical outcome was all good. Among 7 patients who had cerebral perfusion defects on SPECT, 3 patients had good clinical outcome, while others did not: one had hypercholesterolemia, another had depression, and 2 patients with cerebral perfusion defects at both temporoparetal cortex was later diagnosed as early Alzheimer's disease (AD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). MRI was negative in 6 patients and 3 of them had excellent clinical outcome while other 3 were diagnosed as hypercholesterolemia, early AD and MCI. Among 4 patients with positive MRI, 3 showed good clinical outcome and their MRI showed lesions at medial temporal cortex and/or vertebral artery. One patient with microcalcification at left putamen was diagnosed to have depression. Large cerebral perfusion defects on SPECT may herald psychiatric or neurodegenerative diseases of transient global amnesia patients which usually shows negative MRI.
Relativistic Hartree-Fock theory. Part I: density-dependent effective Lagrangians
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
LongWen Hui [School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China)]|[CNRS-IN2P3, UMR 8608, F-91406 Orsay Cedex (France)]|[Univ Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France); Giai, Nguyen Van [CNRS-IN2P3, UMR 8608, F-91406 Orsay Cedex (France)]|[Univ Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay (France); Meng, Jie [School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China)]|[Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing (China)]|[Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, 730000 Lanzhou (China)
2006-10-15
Effective Lagrangians suitable for a relativistic Hartree-Fock description of nuclear systems are presented. They include the 4 effective mesons {sigma}, {omega}, {rho} and {pi} with density-dependent meson-nucleon couplings. The criteria for determining the model parameters are the reproduction of the binding energies in a number of selected nuclei, and the bulk properties of nuclear matter (saturation point, compression modulus, symmetry energy). An excellent description of nuclear binding energies and radii is achieved for a range of nuclei encompassing light and heavy systems. The predictions of the present approach compare favorably with those of existing relativistic mean field models, with the advantage of incorporating the effects of pion-nucleon coupling. (authors)
Derivation of an adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock formalism from a variational principle
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brink, D.M.; Giannoni, M.J.; Veneroni, M.
1975-10-01
A derivation of the adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock formalism is given, which is based on a variational principle analogous to Hamilton's principle in classical mechanics. The method leads to a Hamiltonian for collective motion which separates into a potential and a kinetic energy and gives mass and potential parameters in terms of the nucleon-nucleon interaction. The adiabatic approximation assumes slow motion but not small amplitudes and can therefore describe anharmonic effects. The RPA is a limiting case where both amplitudes and velocities are small. The variational approach provides a consistent way of extracting coordinated and momenta from the density matrix and of obtaining equations of motion when particular trial forms for this density matrix are chosen. One such choice leads to Thouless-Valatin formula. An other choice leads to irrotational hydrodynamics [fr
Hilbert, Fock and Cantorian spaces in the quantum two-slit gedanken experiment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
El Naschie, M.S.
2006-01-01
On the one hand, a rigorous mathematical formulation of quantum mechanics requires the introduction of a Hilbert space and as we move to the second quantization, a Fock space. On the other hand, the Cantorian E-infinity approach to quantum physics was developed largely without any direct reference to the afore mentioned mathematical spaces. In the present work we utilize some novel reinterpretations of basic E (∞) Cantorian spacetime relations in terms of the Hilbert space of quantum mechanics. Proceeding in this way, we gain a better understanding of the physico-mathematical structure of quantum spacetime which is at the heart of the paradoxical and non-intuitive outcome of the famous quantum two-slit gedanken experiment
Jurco, B; Jurco, B; Schlieker, M
1995-01-01
In this paper we construct explicitly natural (from the geometrical point of view) Fock space representations (contragradient Verma modules) of the quantized enveloping algebras. In order to do so, we start from the Gauss decomposition of the quantum group and introduce the differential operators on the corresponding q-deformed flag manifold (asuumed as a left comodule for the quantum group) by a projection to it of the right action of the quantized enveloping algebra on the quantum group. Finally, we express the representatives of the elements of the quantized enveloping algebra corresponding to the left-invariant vector fields on the quantum group as first-order differential operators on the q-deformed flag manifold.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brack, M.
1981-01-01
Strutinsky's shell-correction method is investigated in the framework of the microscopial Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method at finite temperature HFBT. Applying the Strutinsky energy averaging consistently to the normal and abnormal density matrices and to the entropy, we define a self-consistently average HFBT system as the solution of a variational problem. From the latter we derive the generalized Strutinsky energy theorem and the explicit expressions for the shell correction of a statistically excited system of BCS quasiparticles. Using numerical results of HF calculations, we demonstrate the convergence of the Strutinsky expansion and estimate the validity of the partical shell-correction approach. We also discuss the close connections of the Strutinsky energy averaging with semiclassical expansions and their usefulness for solving the average nuclear self-consistency problem. In particular we argue that the Hohenberg-Kohn theorem should hold for the averaged HFBT system and we thus provide a justification of the use of semiclassical density functionals. (orig.)
The time dependent Hartree-Fock-theory for collective nuclear motions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goeke, K.
1976-11-01
The time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory (TDHF) approximately solves the Schroedinger equation by a variational method in the space of the time-dependent Slater determinants. As the TDHF wave function, similar to the exact solution has the property of being determined completely for all times by the nucleon-nucleon interaction and by assuming initial conditions. TDHF is expected to describe collective motion of nuclei with large amplitudes, too. The subject of this paper is to formulate the TDHF theory and its adiabatic limiting case (ATDHF) suited for setting up a collective Schroedinger equation, to investigate the relations with other theories, and to show the applicability for solving practical problems. (orig./WL) [de
On higher-dimensional loop algebras, pseudodifferential operators and Fock space realizations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Westerberg, A.
1997-01-01
We discuss a previously discovered extension of the infinite-dimensional Lie algebra map(M,g) which generalizes the Kac-Moody algebras in 1+1 dimensions and the Mickelsson-Faddeev algebras in 3+1 dimensions to manifolds M of general dimensions. Furthermore, we review the method of regularizing current algebras in higher dimensions using pseudodifferential operator (PSDO) symbol calculus. In particular, we discuss the issue of Lie algebra cohomology of PSDOs and its relation to the Schwinger terms arising in the quantization process. Finally, we apply this regularization method to the algebra with partial success, and discuss the remaining obstacles to the construction of a Fock space representation. (orig.)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Starodubskij, V.E.; Shaginyan, V.R.
1979-01-01
Friar-Negele method is applied to determine the static densities of neutrons and nuclear matter from the fast proton-nuclei elastic scattering data. This model-independent analysis (MIA) has been carried out for 28 Si, sup(32,34)S, sup(40,42,44,48)Ca, 48 Ti, sup(58,60)Ni, 90 Zr, 208 Pb nuclei. The binding energies, rms radii, densities and scattering cross sections of 1 GeV-proton are calculated in the framework of the Hartree-Fock theory (HF) with Skyrme's interaction. The HF and MIA densities and cross sections have been compared to draw a conclusion on the quality of the HF densities. Calculation of the cross sections has included the spin-orbit interaction with parameters taken from the polarization data
Ab-initio Hartree-Fock study of tritium desorption from Li{sub 2}O
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Taniguchi, Masaki; Tanaka, Satoru [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Engineering
1998-03-01
Dissociative adsorption of hydrogen on Li{sub 2}O (110) surface has been investigated with ab-initio Hartree-Fock quantum chemical calculation technique. Heat of adsorption and potential energy surface for H{sub 2} dissociative adsorption was evaluated by calculating the total energy of the system. Calculation results on adsorption heat indicated that H{sub 2} adsorption is endothermic. However, when oxygen vacancy exists adjacent to the adsorption sites, heat of adsorption energy became less endothermic and the activation energy required to dissociate the H-H bonding was smaller than that for the terrace site. This is considered to be caused by the excess charge localized near the defect. (author)
Guidez, Emilie B; Gordon, Mark S
2015-03-12
The modeling of dispersion interactions in density functional theory (DFT) is commonly performed using an energy correction that involves empirically fitted parameters for all atom pairs of the system investigated. In this study, the first-principles-derived dispersion energy from the effective fragment potential (EFP) method is implemented for the density functional theory (DFT-D(EFP)) and Hartree-Fock (HF-D(EFP)) energies. Overall, DFT-D(EFP) performs similarly to the semiempirical DFT-D corrections for the test cases investigated in this work. HF-D(EFP) tends to underestimate binding energies and overestimate intermolecular equilibrium distances, relative to coupled cluster theory, most likely due to incomplete accounting for electron correlation. Overall, this first-principles dispersion correction yields results that are in good agreement with coupled-cluster calculations at a low computational cost.
On particle emission in the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Maedler, P.
1984-01-01
Investigations of fast particle emission in the time-dependent Hartree-Fock mean-field approximation (TDHF) have been performed for one-dimensional slab collisions. For a fixed target mass number and incident velocity the total yields of PEP exhibit pronounced srtructures as a function of the pro ectile mass number, which strongly correcate with the binding energy of the last nucleon in the projectnle. This is in explicit disagreement with experiment. The conclusion has been drawn that the Fermi-jet mechanism cannot be responsible for most of the fast particles observed in experiment, even if quantum diffraction is taken into account (as in TDHF). After PEP emission large amplitude density oscillations, which are the only possible modes in the slab geometry, are found to be damped by further particle emission
Amour, Laurent; Khodja, Mohamed; Nourrigat, Jean
2011-01-01
We study the Wick symbol of a solution of the time dependent Hartree Fock equation, under weaker hypotheses than those needed for the Weyl symbol in the first paper with thesame title. With similar, we prove some kind of Ehrenfest theorem for observables that are not pseudo-differential operators.
On the Fock space realizations of nonlinear algebras describing the high spin fields in AdS spaces
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Burdik, C.; Navratil, O.; Pashnev, A.
2002-01-01
The method of construction of Fock space realizations of Lie algebras is generalized for nonlinear algebras. We consider as an example the nonlinear algebra of constraints which describe the totally symmetric fields with higher spins in the AdS space-time
Adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock theory of collective motion in finite systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baranger, M.; Veneroni, M.
1978-01-01
We show how to derive the parameters of a phenomenological collective model from a microscopic theory. The microscopic theory is Hartree-Fock, and we start from the time-dependent Hartree-Fock equation. To this we add the adiabatic approximation, which results in a collective kinetic energy quadratic in the velocities, with coefficients depending on the coordinates, as in the phenomenological models. The crucial step is the decomposition of the single-particle density matrix p in the form exp(i/sub chi/) rho/sub omicron/exp(-i/sub chi/), where rho/sub omicron/ represents a time-even Slater determinant and plays the role of coordinate. Then chi plays the role of momentum, and the adiabatic assumption is that chi is small. The energy is expanded in powers of chi, the zeroth-order being the collective potential energy. The analogy with classical mechanics is stressed and studied. The same adiabatic equations of motion are derived in three different ways (directly, from the Lagrangian, from the Hamiltonian), thus proving the consistency of the theory. The dynamical equation is not necessary for writing the energy or for the subsequent quantization which leads to a Schroedinger equation, but it must be used to check the validity of various approximation schemes, particularly to reduce the problem to a few degrees of freedom. The role of the adiabatic hypothesis, its definition, and range of validity, are analyzed in great detail. It assumes slow motion, but not small amplitude, and is therefore suitable for large-amplitude collective motion. The RPA is obtained as the limiting case where the amplitude is also small. The translational mass is correctly given, and the moment of inertia under rotation is that of Thouless and Valatin. For a quadrupole two-body force, the Baranger-Kumar formalism is recovered. The self-consistency brings additional terms to the Inglis cranking formula. Comparison is also made with generator coordinate methods
A finite difference Hartree-Fock program for atoms and diatomic molecules
Kobus, Jacek
2013-03-01
The newest version of the two-dimensional finite difference Hartree-Fock program for atoms and diatomic molecules is presented. This is an updated and extended version of the program published in this journal in 1996. It can be used to obtain reference, Hartree-Fock limit values of total energies and multipole moments for a wide range of diatomic molecules and their ions in order to calibrate existing and develop new basis sets, calculate (hyper)polarizabilities (αzz, βzzz, γzzzz, Az,zz, Bzz,zz) of atoms, homonuclear and heteronuclear diatomic molecules and their ions via the finite field method, perform DFT-type calculations using LDA or B88 exchange functionals and LYP or VWN correlations ones or the self-consistent multiplicative constant method, perform one-particle calculations with (smooth) Coulomb and Krammers-Henneberger potentials and take account of finite nucleus models. The program is easy to install and compile (tarball+configure+make) and can be used to perform calculations within double- or quadruple-precision arithmetic. Catalogue identifier: ADEB_v2_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADEB_v2_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: GNU General Public License version 2 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 171196 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 9481802 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: Fortran 77, C. Computer: any 32- or 64-bit platform. Operating system: Unix/Linux. RAM: Case dependent, from few MB to many GB Classification: 16.1. Catalogue identifier of previous version: ADEB_v1_0 Journal reference of previous version: Comput. Phys. Comm. 98(1996)346 Does the new version supersede the previous version?: Yes Nature of problem: The program finds virtually exact solutions of the Hartree-Fock and density functional theory type equations for atoms, diatomic molecules and their ions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Accardi, Luigi; Boukas, Andreas
2008-01-01
The identification of the *-Lie algebra of the renormalized higher powers of White noise (RHPWN) and the analytic continuation of the second quantized centreless Virasoro (or Witt)-Zamolodchikov-w ∞ *-Lie algebra of conformal field theory and high-energy physics, was recently established on results obtained. In the present paper, we show how the RHPWN Fock kernels must be truncated in order to be positive semi-definite and we obtain a Fock representation of the two algebras. We show that the truncated renormalized higher powers of White noise (TRHPWN) Fock spaces of order ≥2 host the continuous binomial and beta processes
Lee, Hyun-Jung; Kim, Ki-Seok
2018-04-01
We investigate the role of Coulomb interaction in the multifractality of Anderson metal-insulator transition, where the Coulomb interaction is treated within the Hartree-Fock approximation, but disorder effects are taken into account exactly. An innovative technical aspect in our simulation is to utilize the Ewald-sum technique, which allows us to introduce the long-range nature of the Coulomb interaction into Hartree-Fock self-consistent equations of order parameters more accurately. This numerical simulation reproduces the Altshuler-Aronov correction in a metallic state and the Efros-Shklovskii pseudogap in an insulating phase, where the density of states ρ (ω ) is evaluated in three dimensions. Approaching the quantum critical point of a metal-insulator transition from either the metallic or insulting phase, we find that the density of states is given by ρ (ω ) ˜|ω| 1 /2 , which determines one critical exponent of the McMillan-Shklovskii scaling theory. Our main result is to evaluate the eigenfunction multifractal scaling exponent αq, given by the Legendre transformation of the fractal dimension τq, which characterizes the scaling behavior of the inverse participation ratio with respect to the system size L . Our multifractal analysis leads us to identify two kinds of mobility edges, one of which occurs near the Fermi energy and the other of which appears at a high energy, where the density of states at the Fermi energy shows the Coulomb-gap feature. We observe that the multifractal exponent at the high-energy mobility edge remains to be almost identical to that of the Anderson localization transition in the absence of Coulomb interactions. On the other hand, we find that the multifractal exponent near the Fermi energy is more enhanced than that at the high-energy mobility edge, suspected to result from interaction effects. However, both the multifractal exponents do not change even if the strength of the Coulomb interaction varies. We also show that the
Microscopic optical model potential based on Brueckner-Hartree-Fock theory
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Li Lulu; Zhao Enguang; Zhou Shangui; Li Zenghua; Zuo Wei; Bonaccorso, Angela; Lonbardo, Umberto
2010-01-01
The optical model is one of the most important models in the study of nuclear reactions. In the optical model, the elastic channel is considered to be dominant and the contributions of all other absorption channels are described by introducing an imaginary potential, Koning and Delaroche obtained empirically the so-called KDR optical potentials based on a best-fitting of massive experimental data on nucleon-nucleus scattering reactions. The volume part is found to be dominant in the real component of the OMP at low energies. Using the Bruckner-Hartree-Fock theory with Bonn B potential plus self consistent three body force, the nucleon-nucleus optical potential is studied in this thesis. In the Bruckner theory, the on-shell self energy, is corresponding to the depth of the volume part of the optical model potential (OMP) for nucleon-nucleus scattering. Using Bruckner-Hartree-Fock theory, the nucleon on-shell self energy is calculated based on Hughenoltz-Van Hove (HVH) theorem. The microscopic optical potentials thus obtained agree well with the volume part of the KDR potentials. Furthermore, the isospin splitting in the volume part of the OMP is also reproduced satisfactorily. The isospin effect in the volume part of the OMP is directly related to the isospin splitting of the effective mass of the nucleon. According to our results, the isospin splitting of neutron to proton effective mass is such that the neutron effective mass increases with isospin, whereas the proton effective mass decreases. The isovector potential U n (E) - U p (E) vanishes at energy E ≈ 200 MeV and then changes sign indicating a possible inversion in the effective mass isospin spitting. We also calculated from the Bruckner theory the imaginary part of the OMP, and the microscopic calculations predict that the isospin splitting exists also in the imaginary OMP whereas the empirical KDR potentials do not show this feature. The shape of the real component of the nucleon-nucleus OMP is
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lötstedt, Erik, E-mail: lotstedt@chem.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp; Kato, Tsuyoshi; Yamanouchi, Kaoru [Department of Chemistry, School of Science, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)
2016-04-21
An approximate implementation of the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock method is proposed, in which the matrix of configuration-interaction coefficients is decomposed into a product of matrices of smaller dimension. The applicability of this method in which all the configurations are kept in the expansion of the wave function, while the configuration-interaction coefficients are approximately calculated, is discussed by showing the results on three model systems: a one-dimensional model of a beryllium atom, a one-dimensional model of a carbon atom, and a one-dimensional model of a chain of four hydrogen atoms. The time-dependent electronic dynamics induced by a few-cycle, long-wavelength laser pulse is found to be well described at a lower computational cost compared to the standard multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock treatment. Drawbacks of the method are also discussed.
Jacobson generators, Fock representations and statistics of sl(n + 1)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Palev, T.D.; Jeugt, J. van der
2000-10-01
The properties of A-statistics, related to the class of simple Lie algebras sl(n + 1), n is an element of Z + (Palev, T.D.: Preprint JINR E17-10550 (1977); hep-th/9705032), are further investigated. The description of each sl(n + 1) is carried out via generators and their relations (see eq. (2.5)), first introduced by Jacobson. The related Fock spaces W p , p is an element of N, are finite-dimensional irreducible sl(n + 1)-modules. The Pauli principle of the underlying statistics is formulated. In addition the paper contains the following new results: (a) the A-statistics are interpreted as exclusion statistics; (b) within each W p operators B(p) 1 ± ,...,B(p) n ± , proportional to the Jacobson generators, are introduced. It is proved that in an appropriate topology (Definition 2) lim p→∞ B(p) i ± = B i ± , where B i ± are Bose creation and annihilation operators; (c) it is shown that the local statistics of the degenerated hard-core Bose models and of the related Heisenberg spin models is p = I A-statistics. (author)
Fock space, symbolic algebra, and analytical solutions for small stochastic systems.
Santos, Fernando A N; Gadêlha, Hermes; Gaffney, Eamonn A
2015-12-01
Randomness is ubiquitous in nature. From single-molecule biochemical reactions to macroscale biological systems, stochasticity permeates individual interactions and often regulates emergent properties of the system. While such systems are regularly studied from a modeling viewpoint using stochastic simulation algorithms, numerous potential analytical tools can be inherited from statistical and quantum physics, replacing randomness due to quantum fluctuations with low-copy-number stochasticity. Nevertheless, classical studies remained limited to the abstract level, demonstrating a more general applicability and equivalence between systems in physics and biology rather than exploiting the physics tools to study biological systems. Here the Fock space representation, used in quantum mechanics, is combined with the symbolic algebra of creation and annihilation operators to consider explicit solutions for the chemical master equations describing small, well-mixed, biochemical, or biological systems. This is illustrated with an exact solution for a Michaelis-Menten single enzyme interacting with limited substrate, including a consideration of very short time scales, which emphasizes when stiffness is present even for small copy numbers. Furthermore, we present a general matrix representation for Michaelis-Menten kinetics with an arbitrary number of enzymes and substrates that, following diagonalization, leads to the solution of this ubiquitous, nonlinear enzyme kinetics problem. For this, a flexible symbolic maple code is provided, demonstrating the prospective advantages of this framework compared to stochastic simulation algorithms. This further highlights the possibilities for analytically based studies of stochastic systems in biology and chemistry using tools from theoretical quantum physics.
Projection after variation in the finite-temperature Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approximation
Fanto, P.
2017-11-01
The finite-temperature Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approximation often breaks symmetries of the underlying many-body Hamiltonian. Restricting the calculation of the HFB partition function to a subspace with good quantum numbers through projection after variation restores some of the correlations lost in breaking these symmetries, although effects of the broken symmetries such as sharp kinks at phase transitions remain. However, the most general projection after variation formula in the finite-temperature HFB approximation is limited by a sign ambiguity. Here, I extend the Pfaffian formula for the many-body traces of HFB density operators introduced by Robledo [L. M. Robledo, Phys. Rev. C. 79, 021302(R) (2009), 10.1103/PhysRevC.79.021302] to eliminate this sign ambiguity and evaluate the more complicated many-body traces required in projection after variation in the most general HFB case. The method is validated through a proof-of-principle calculation of the particle-number-projected HFB thermal energy in a simple model.
Exploration of (super-)heavy elements using the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Erler, Jochen
2011-01-01
Motivated by the steadily increasing number of known nuclei and nuclear properties, theories of nuclear structure are presently a field of intense research. This work concentrates on the self-consistent description of nuclei in terms of the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) approach. The extrapolation of nuclear shell structure to the region of super-heavy elements (SHE) using the SHF model, the dependence on different parameterization and the influence of collective correlation will be studied. The general scope of this work are large scale calculation for a global survey of properties of SHE like binding energies, separation energies and decay characteristics and lifetimes. These calculations were done in a collaboration with the theory group of the GSI in Darmstadt and have the aim to develop a database of lifetimes and reaction rates for α, β-decay and spontaneous fission in a very wide range with proton numbers 86 ≤ Z ≤ 120 and neutron numbers up to N ∼ 260 relevant for the astrophysical r-process. The results of this study for example predictions of a possible islands of very stable nuclei and information of favored decay mode for each nuclei are also applicable in the recent experimental synthesis of exotic SHE. For these calculation a framework to calculate β-decay half-lives within the SHF model has been developed and the existing axial SHF code has been extended to compute β-transition matrix elements and so to provide an estimation of half-lives. (orig.)
Cho, Daeheum; Ko, Kyoung Chul; Ikabata, Yasuhiro; Wakayama, Kazufumi; Yoshikawa, Takeshi; Nakai, Hiromi; Lee, Jin Yong
2015-01-01
The intramolecular magnetic coupling constant (J) of diradical systems linked with five- or six-membered aromatic rings was calculated to obtain the scaling factor (experimental J/calculated J ratio) for various density functional theory (DFT) functionals. Scaling factors of group A (PBE, TPSSh, B3LYP, B97-1, X3LYP, PBE0, and BH&HLYP) and B (M06-L, M06, M06-2X, and M06-HF) were shown to decrease as the amount of Hartree-Fock exact exchange (HFx) increases, in other words, overestimation of calculated J becomes more severe as the HFx increases. We further investigated the effect of HFx fraction of DFT functional on J value, spin contamination, and spin density distributions by comparing the B3LYP analogues containing different amount of HFx. It was revealed that spin contamination and spin densities at each atom increases as the HFx increases. Above all, newly developed BLYP-5 functional, which has 5% of HFx, was found to have the scaling factor of 1.029, indicating that calculated J values are very close to that of experimental values without scaling. BLYP-5 has potential to be utilized for accurate evaluation of intramolecular magnetic coupling constant (J) of diradicals linked by five- or six-membered aromatic ring couplers.
Oscillator strength of partially ionized high-Z atom on Hartree-Fock Slater model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Nakamura, S.; Nishikawa, T.; Takabe, H.; Mima, K.
1991-01-01
The Hartree-Fock Slater (HFS) model has been solved for the partially ionized gold ions generated when an intense laser light is irradiated on a gold foil target. The resultant energy levels are compared with those obtained by a simple screened hydrogenic model with l-splitting effect (SHML). It is shown that the energy levels are poorly model by SHML as the ionization level becomes higher. The resultant wave functions are used to evaluate oscillator strength of important line radiations and compared with those obtained by a simple model using hydrogenic wave functions. Its demonstrated that oscillator strength of the 4p-4d and 4d-4f lines are well modeled by the simple method, while the 4-5 transitions such as 4f-5g, 4d-5f, 4p-5d, and 4f-5p forming the so-called N-band emission are poorly modeled and HFS results less strong line emissions. (author)
Density Functional Theory versus the Hartree-Fock Method: Comparative Assessment
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Amusia, M.Ya.; Shaginyan, V.R.; Msezane, A.Z.
2003-01-01
We compare two different approaches to investigations of many-electron systems. The first is the Hartree-Fock (HF) method and the second is the Density Functional Theory (DFT). Overview of the main features and peculiar properties of the HF method are presented. A way to realize the HF method within the Kohn-Sham (KS) approach of the DFT is discussed. We show that this is impossible without including a specific correlation energy, which is defined by the difference between the sum of the kinetic and exchange energies of a system considered within KS and HF, respectively. It is the nonlocal exchange potential entering the HF equations that generates this correlation energy. We show that the total correlation energy of a finite electron system, which has to include this correlation energy, cannot be obtained from considerations of uniform electron systems. The single-particle excitation spectrum of many-electron systems is related to the eigenvalues of the corresponding KS equations. We demonstrate that this spectrum does not coincide in general with the eigenvalues of KS or HF equations
Density Functional Theory versus the Hartree-Fock Method: Comparative Assessment
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Amusia, M.Ya.; Shaginyan, V.R. [The Hebrew University, Jerusalem (Israel); Msezane, A.Z. [Clark Atlanta Univ., Atlanta, GA (United States). Center for Theoretical Studies of Physical Systems
2003-12-01
We compare two different approaches to investigations of many-electron systems. The first is the Hartree-Fock (HF) method and the second is the Density Functional Theory (DFT). Overview of the main features and peculiar properties of the HF method are presented. A way to realize the HF method within the Kohn-Sham (KS) approach of the DFT is discussed. We show that this is impossible without including a specific correlation energy, which is defined by the difference between the sum of the kinetic and exchange energies of a system considered within KS and HF, respectively. It is the nonlocal exchange potential entering the HF equations that generates this correlation energy. We show that the total correlation energy of a finite electron system, which has to include this correlation energy, cannot be obtained from considerations of uniform electron systems. The single-particle excitation spectrum of many-electron systems is related to the eigenvalues of the corresponding KS equations. We demonstrate that this spectrum does not coincide in general with the eigenvalues of KS or HF equations.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cho, Daeheum; Ko, Kyoung Chul; Lee, Jin Yong, E-mail: jinylee@skku.edu [Department of Chemistry, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 440-746 (Korea, Republic of); Ikabata, Yasuhiro; Wakayama, Kazufumi; Yoshikawa, Takeshi [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Nakai, Hiromi, E-mail: nakai@waseda.jp [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, School of Advanced Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); CREST, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo 102-0075 (Japan); Elements Strategy Initiative for Catalysts and Batteries (ESICB), Kyoto University, Katsura, Kyoto 615-8520 (Japan)
2015-01-14
The intramolecular magnetic coupling constant (J) of diradical systems linked with five- or six-membered aromatic rings was calculated to obtain the scaling factor (experimental J/calculated J ratio) for various density functional theory (DFT) functionals. Scaling factors of group A (PBE, TPSSh, B3LYP, B97-1, X3LYP, PBE0, and BH and HLYP) and B (M06-L, M06, M06-2X, and M06-HF) were shown to decrease as the amount of Hartree-Fock exact exchange (HFx) increases, in other words, overestimation of calculated J becomes more severe as the HFx increases. We further investigated the effect of HFx fraction of DFT functional on J value, spin contamination, and spin density distributions by comparing the B3LYP analogues containing different amount of HFx. It was revealed that spin contamination and spin densities at each atom increases as the HFx increases. Above all, newly developed BLYP-5 functional, which has 5% of HFx, was found to have the scaling factor of 1.029, indicating that calculated J values are very close to that of experimental values without scaling. BLYP-5 has potential to be utilized for accurate evaluation of intramolecular magnetic coupling constant (J) of diradicals linked by five- or six-membered aromatic ring couplers.
Quantum treatment of protons with the reduced explicitly correlated Hartree-Fock approach
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sirjoosingh, Andrew; Pak, Michael V.; Brorsen, Kurt R.; Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon, E-mail: shs3@illinois.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Ave., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
2015-06-07
The nuclear-electronic orbital (NEO) approach treats select nuclei quantum mechanically on the same level as the electrons and includes nonadiabatic effects between the electrons and the quantum nuclei. The practical implementation of this approach is challenging due to the significance of electron-nucleus dynamical correlation. Herein, we present a general extension of the previously developed reduced NEO explicitly correlated Hartree-Fock (RXCHF) approach, in which only select electronic orbitals are explicitly correlated to each quantum nuclear orbital via Gaussian-type geminal functions. Approximations of the electronic exchange between the geminal-coupled electronic orbitals and the other electronic orbitals are also explored. This general approach enables computationally tractable yet accurate calculations on molecular systems with quantum protons. The RXCHF method is applied to the hydrogen cyanide (HCN) and FHF{sup −} systems, where the proton and all electrons are treated quantum mechanically. For the HCN system, only the two electronic orbitals associated with the CH covalent bond are geminal-coupled to the proton orbital. For the FHF{sup −} system, only the four electronic orbitals associated with the two FH covalent bonds are geminal-coupled to the proton orbital. For both systems, the RXCHF method produces qualitatively accurate nuclear densities, in contrast to mean field-based NEO approaches. The development and implementation of the RXCHF method provide the framework to perform calculations on systems such as proton-coupled electron transfer reactions, where electron-proton nonadiabatic effects are important.
Exploration of (super-)heavy elements using the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Erler, Jochen
2011-01-31
Motivated by the steadily increasing number of known nuclei and nuclear properties, theories of nuclear structure are presently a field of intense research. This work concentrates on the self-consistent description of nuclei in terms of the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) approach. The extrapolation of nuclear shell structure to the region of super-heavy elements (SHE) using the SHF model, the dependence on different parameterization and the influence of collective correlation will be studied. The general scope of this work are large scale calculation for a global survey of properties of SHE like binding energies, separation energies and decay characteristics and lifetimes. These calculations were done in a collaboration with the theory group of the GSI in Darmstadt and have the aim to develop a database of lifetimes and reaction rates for {alpha}, {beta}-decay and spontaneous fission in a very wide range with proton numbers 86 {<=} Z {<=} 120 and neutron numbers up to N {approx} 260 relevant for the astrophysical r-process. The results of this study for example predictions of a possible islands of very stable nuclei and information of favored decay mode for each nuclei are also applicable in the recent experimental synthesis of exotic SHE. For these calculation a framework to calculate {beta}-decay half-lives within the SHF model has been developed and the existing axial SHF code has been extended to compute {beta}-transition matrix elements and so to provide an estimation of half-lives. (orig.)
Madsen, Lars Bojer; Jensen, Frank; Dnestryan, Andrey I.; Tolstikhin, Oleg I.
2017-07-01
In the leading-order approximation of the weak-field asymptotic theory (WFAT), the dependence of the tunneling ionization rate of a molecule in an electric field on its orientation with respect to the field is determined by the structure factor of the ionizing molecular orbital. The WFAT yields an expression for the structure factor in terms of a local property of the orbital in the asymptotic region. However, in general quantum chemistry approaches molecular orbitals are expanded in a Gaussian basis which does not reproduce their asymptotic behavior correctly. This hinders the application of the WFAT to polyatomic molecules, which are attracting increasing interest in strong-field physics. Recently, an integral-equation approach to the WFAT for tunneling ionization of one electron from an arbitrary potential has been developed. The structure factor is expressed in an integral form as a matrix element involving the ionizing orbital. The integral is not sensitive to the asymptotic behavior of the orbital, which resolves the difficulty mentioned above. Here, we extend the integral representation for the structure factor to many-electron systems treated within the Hartree-Fock method and show how it can be implemented on the basis of standard quantum chemistry software packages. We validate the methodology by considering noble-gas atoms and the CO molecule, for which accurate structure factors exist in the literature. We also present benchmark results for CO2 and for NH3 in the pyramidal and planar geometries.
Automatic Differentiation in Quantum Chemistry with Applications to Fully Variational Hartree-Fock.
Tamayo-Mendoza, Teresa; Kreisbeck, Christoph; Lindh, Roland; Aspuru-Guzik, Alán
2018-05-23
Automatic differentiation (AD) is a powerful tool that allows calculating derivatives of implemented algorithms with respect to all of their parameters up to machine precision, without the need to explicitly add any additional functions. Thus, AD has great potential in quantum chemistry, where gradients are omnipresent but also difficult to obtain, and researchers typically spend a considerable amount of time finding suitable analytical forms when implementing derivatives. Here, we demonstrate that AD can be used to compute gradients with respect to any parameter throughout a complete quantum chemistry method. We present DiffiQult , a Hartree-Fock implementation, entirely differentiated with the use of AD tools. DiffiQult is a software package written in plain Python with minimal deviation from standard code which illustrates the capability of AD to save human effort and time in implementations of exact gradients in quantum chemistry. We leverage the obtained gradients to optimize the parameters of one-particle basis sets in the context of the floating Gaussian framework.
Systematic study of even-even nuclei with Hartree-Fock+BCS method using Skyrme SIII force
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Tajima, Naoki; Takahara, Satoshi; Onishi, Naoki [Tokyo Univ. (Japan). Coll. of Arts and Sciences
1997-03-01
We have applied the Hartree-Fock+BCS method with Skyrme SIII force formulated in a three-dimensional Cartesian-mesh representation to even-even nuclei with 2 {<=} Z {<=} 114. We discuss the results concerning the atomic masses, the quadrupole (m=0, 2) and hexadecapole (m=0, 2, 4) deformations, the skin thicknesses, and the halo radii. We also discuss the energy difference between oblate and prolate solutions and the shape difference between protons and neutrons. (author)
The Hartree-Fock approximation for s-d shell even-even nuclei with N different of Z
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oliveira, P.C. de.
1981-02-01
Using the Hartree-Fock approximation method for 22 Ne, 26 Mg and 30 Si nuclei with different kinds of two-body interactions, the electric quadrupole moments and projected energy levels, of angular momentum J=0,2,4,6..., are determined. The Peierls-Yoccoz projection m ethod is used to determine the wave function with well-defined angular momentum. A comparison is made, with the experimental results and the ones obtained by other authors. (Author) [pt
Time-dependent Hartree-Fock calculation of the escape width of the giant monopole resonance in 16O
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pacheco, J.M.; Maglione, E.; Broglia, R.A.
1988-01-01
The damping of the giant monopole resonance in 16 O is calculated within the framework of the time-dependent Hartree-Fock approximation. The strength function contains two peaks, centered at around 25 and 33 MeV, with escape widths of ∼11 and ∼2 MeV, associated with the 1p(0p) -1 and 1s(0s) -1 configurations, respectively
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shchornak, G.
1979-01-01
The influence of outer vacancies in the atomic shells of uranium on the atomic shell structure is claculated by the Dirac-Fock-Slater method. It is found out that the energy of the X-ray transitions increases due to the detachment of the electrons with the lowest binding energies. The electron detachment from the subshells of the 4f level gives rise to negative energy shifts of the X-ray transitions.(author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Maedler, P.
1984-01-01
The review describes the application of the time-dependent Hartree--Fock method to the description of heavy-ion interactions at energies of order 10 MeV/nucleon. The fundamentals of the method are presented and qualitative properties of its results are discussed. Realistic calculations of fusion reactions, deep inelastic collisions, and particle emission are presented and compared with the corresponding experimental data. Various approaches that generalize the method by taking into account correlations are considered
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hu, J.; Toki, H.; Wen, W.; Shen, H.
2010-01-01
The role of the form factor and short-range correlation in nuclear matter is studied within the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation. We take, first, the mean-field approximation for meson fields and obtain the fluctuation terms of mesons to be used for the Fock energies. We introduce form factors in the meson-nucleon coupling vertices to take into account the finite-size effect of the nucleon. We use further the unitary correlation operator method for the treatment of the short-range correlation. The form factors of the size (Λ∝1.0 -2.0 GeV) of the nucleon-nucleon interaction cut down largely the contribution of the ρ-meson in the Fock term. The short-range correlation effect is not large but has a significant effect on the pion and ρ-meson energies in the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation for nuclear matter. (orig.)
Hu, J.; Toki, H.; Wen, W.; Shen, H.
2010-03-01
The role of the form factor and short-range correlation in nuclear matter is studied within the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation. We take, first, the mean-field approximation for meson fields and obtain the fluctuation terms of mesons to be used for the Fock energies. We introduce form factors in the meson-nucleon coupling vertices to take into account the finite-size effect of the nucleon. We use further the unitary correlation operator method for the treatment of the short-range correlation. The form factors of the size ( Λ ˜ 1.0 -2.0GeV) of the nucleon-nucleon interaction cut down largely the contribution of the ρ -meson in the Fock term. The short-range correlation effect is not large but has a significant effect on the pion and ρ -meson energies in the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation for nuclear matter.
Brandenburg, Jan Gerit; Grimme, Stefan
2014-01-01
We present and evaluate dispersion corrected Hartree-Fock (HF) and Density Functional Theory (DFT) based quantum chemical methods for organic crystal structure prediction. The necessity of correcting for missing long-range electron correlation, also known as van der Waals (vdW) interaction, is pointed out and some methodological issues such as inclusion of three-body dispersion terms are discussed. One of the most efficient and widely used methods is the semi-classical dispersion correction D3. Its applicability for the calculation of sublimation energies is investigated for the benchmark set X23 consisting of 23 small organic crystals. For PBE-D3 the mean absolute deviation (MAD) is below the estimated experimental uncertainty of 1.3 kcal/mol. For two larger π-systems, the equilibrium crystal geometry is investigated and very good agreement with experimental data is found. Since these calculations are carried out with huge plane-wave basis sets they are rather time consuming and routinely applicable only to systems with less than about 200 atoms in the unit cell. Aiming at crystal structure prediction, which involves screening of many structures, a pre-sorting with faster methods is mandatory. Small, atom-centered basis sets can speed up the computation significantly but they suffer greatly from basis set errors. We present the recently developed geometrical counterpoise correction gCP. It is a fast semi-empirical method which corrects for most of the inter- and intramolecular basis set superposition error. For HF calculations with nearly minimal basis sets, we additionally correct for short-range basis incompleteness. We combine all three terms in the HF-3c denoted scheme which performs very well for the X23 sublimation energies with an MAD of only 1.5 kcal/mol, which is close to the huge basis set DFT-D3 result.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Aylanda Hidayati Dwi-Nugroho
2013-01-01
Full Text Available This paper reports an analysis on the naming and title-giving practices of The Sydney Morning Herald toward General Wiranto in the news about Indonesia‟s 2004 General Election when he contested as a presidential candidate but failed. In the news data he was mostly related to the allegations of his responsibility as the Commander of Indonesia‟s armed forces for a number of atrocities committed by the Indonesian military and Jakarta-backed militias in East Timor. Honorification is one standard referencing in news. Its presence is believed to indicate respects, and its absence can be interpreted as either showing solidarity or less respect. However, Wiranto was negatively represented both when he was referred to with and without his military title. Such a representation suggests the newspaper‟s perception and stereotype it has had about Wiranto.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sugimoto, Satoru; Toki, Hiroshi; Ikeda, Kiyomi
2008-01-01
We study the effect of the tensor force on nuclear structure with mean-field and beyond-mean-field methods. An important correlation induced by the tensor force is two-particle-two-hole (2p2h) correlation, which cannot be treated with a usual mean-filed method. To treat the 2p2h tensor correlation, we develop a new framework (charge- and parity-projected Hartree-Fock (CPPHF) method), which is a beyond-mean-field method. In the CPPHF method, we introduce single-particle states with parity and charge mixing. The parity and charge projections are performed on a total wave function before variation. We apply the CPPHF method to oxygen isotopes including neutron-rich ones. The potential energy from the tensor force has the same order of magnitude with that from the LS force and becomes smaller with neutron number, which indicates that excess neutrons do not contribute to the 2p2h tensor correlation significantly. We also study the effect of the tensor force on spin-orbit-splitting (ls-splitting) in a neutron-rich fluorine isotope 23 F. The tensor force reduces the ls-splitting for the proton d-orbits by about 3 MeV. This effect is important to reproduce the experimental value. We also find that the 2p2h tensor correlation does not affect the ls-splitting in 23 F
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lara-Castells, María Pilar de; Mitrushchenkov, Alexander O.; Stoll, Hermann
2015-01-01
A combined density functional (DFT) and incremental post-Hartree-Fock (post-HF) approach, proven earlier to calculate He-surface potential energy surfaces [de Lara-Castells et al., J. Chem. Phys. 141, 151102 (2014)], is applied to describe the van der Waals dominated Ag 2 /graphene interaction. It extends the dispersionless density functional theory developed by Pernal et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 263201 (2009)] by including periodic boundary conditions while the dispersion is parametrized via the method of increments [H. Stoll, J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8449 (1992)]. Starting with the elementary cluster unit of the target surface (benzene), continuing through the realistic cluster model (coronene), and ending with the periodic model of the extended system, modern ab initio methodologies for intermolecular interactions as well as state-of-the-art van der Waals-corrected density functional-based approaches are put together both to assess the accuracy of the composite scheme and to better characterize the Ag 2 /graphene interaction. The present work illustrates how the combination of DFT and post-HF perspectives may be efficient to design simple and reliable ab initio-based schemes in extended systems for surface science applications
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Kilin, V.A. [Tomsk Polytechnic University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Lazarev, D.V.; Lazarev, Dm.A.; Zelichenko, V.M. [Tomsk Pedagogic University, Tomsk (Russian Federation); Amusia, M. Ya. [A.F. Ioffe Physico-Technical Institute, St. Petersburg (Russian Federation); Schartner, K.-H. [I Physikalisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet, Giessen (Germany); Ehresmann, A.; Schmoranzer, H. [Fachbereich Physik, Universitaet Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern (Germany)
2001-10-28
The approach of a parametric V{sup (N-q)} Hartree-Fock potential with fractional q is developed and applied for the first time for the calculation of the double photoionization cross sections of Ne. A minimum of the squared difference between the length-form and velocity-form cross sections is used as a criterion for calculating the values of q. It is found that the minimization procedure leads to a practically exact equality of the length-form and velocity-form cross sections for the Ne III 2s{sup 2}2p{sup 4}[{sup 3}P,{sup 1}D,{sup 1}S], 2s{sup 1}2p{sup 5}[{sup 3}P,{sup 1}P] and 2s{sup 0}2p{sup 6}[{sup 1}S] states in the exciting-photon energy region from the double-ionization threshold up to 325 eV, if q is considered as a function of the exciting-photon energy. The calculated V{sup (N-q)} cross sections are in better agreement with the experimental data than those for the V{sup (N-1)} and V{sup (N-2)} potentials. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lara-Castells, María Pilar de, E-mail: Pilar.deLara.Castells@csic.es [Instituto de Física Fundamental (C.S.I.C.), Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Mitrushchenkov, Alexander O. [Université Paris-Est, Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, MSME UMR 8208 CNRS, 5 bd Descartes, 77454 Marne-la-Vallée (France); Stoll, Hermann [Institut für Theoretische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, D-70550 Stuttgart (Germany)
2015-09-14
A combined density functional (DFT) and incremental post-Hartree-Fock (post-HF) approach, proven earlier to calculate He-surface potential energy surfaces [de Lara-Castells et al., J. Chem. Phys. 141, 151102 (2014)], is applied to describe the van der Waals dominated Ag{sub 2}/graphene interaction. It extends the dispersionless density functional theory developed by Pernal et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 263201 (2009)] by including periodic boundary conditions while the dispersion is parametrized via the method of increments [H. Stoll, J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8449 (1992)]. Starting with the elementary cluster unit of the target surface (benzene), continuing through the realistic cluster model (coronene), and ending with the periodic model of the extended system, modern ab initio methodologies for intermolecular interactions as well as state-of-the-art van der Waals-corrected density functional-based approaches are put together both to assess the accuracy of the composite scheme and to better characterize the Ag{sub 2}/graphene interaction. The present work illustrates how the combination of DFT and post-HF perspectives may be efficient to design simple and reliable ab initio-based schemes in extended systems for surface science applications.
Hermes, Matthew R; Hirata, So
2015-09-14
One-dimensional (1D) solids exhibit a number of striking electronic structures including charge-density wave (CDW) and spin-density wave (SDW). Also, the Peierls theorem states that at zero temperature, a 1D system predicted by simple band theory to be a metal will spontaneously dimerize and open a finite fundamental bandgap, while at higher temperatures, it will assume the equidistant geometry with zero bandgap (a Peierls transition). We computationally study these unique electronic structures and transition in polyyne and all-trans polyacetylene using finite-temperature generalizations of ab initio spin-unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF) and spin-restricted coupled-cluster doubles (CCD) theories, extending upon previous work [He et al., J. Chem. Phys. 140, 024702 (2014)] that is based on spin-restricted Hartree-Fock (RHF) and second-order many-body perturbation (MP2) theories. Unlike RHF, UHF can predict SDW as well as CDW and metallic states, and unlike MP2, CCD does not diverge even if the underlying RHF reference wave function is metallic. UHF predicts a gapped SDW state with no dimerization at low temperatures, which gradually becomes metallic as the temperature is raised. CCD, meanwhile, confirms that electron correlation lowers the Peierls transition temperature. Furthermore, we show that the results from all theories for both polymers are subject to a unified interpretation in terms of the UHF solutions to the Hubbard-Peierls model using different values of the electron-electron interaction strength, U/t, in its Hamiltonian. The CCD wave function is shown to encompass the form of the exact solution of the Tomonaga-Luttinger model and is thus expected to describe accurately the electronic structure of Luttinger liquids.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bernardos, P. [Universidad de Cantabria, Departamento de Matematica Aplicada y Ciencias de la Computacion, 39005, Santander (Spain); Fomenko, V.N. [St Petersburg University for Railway Engineering, Department of Mathematics, 190031, St Petersburg (Russian Federation); Marcos, S.; Niembro, R. [Universidad de Cantabria, Departamento de Fisica Moderna, 39005, Santander (Spain); Lopez-Quelle, M. [Universidad de Cantabria, Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, 39005, Santander (Spain); Savushkin, L.N. [St Petersburg University for Telecommunications, Department of Physics, 191186, St Petersburg (Russian Federation)
2001-02-01
An effective nuclear model describing {omega}-, {rho}- and axial-mesons as gauge fields is applied to nuclear matter in the relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation. The isoscalar two-pion exchange is simulated by a scalar field s similar to that used in the conventional relativistic mean-field approach. Two more scalar fields are essential ingredients of the present treatment: the {sigma}-field, the chiral partner of the pion, and the {sigma}-field, the Higgs field for the {omega}-meson. Two versions of the model are used depending on whether the {sigma}-field is considered as a dynamical variable or 'frozen', by taking its mass as infinite. The model contains four free parameters in the first case and three in the second one which are fitted to the nuclear matter saturation conditions. The nucleon and meson effective masses, compressibility modulus and symmetry energy are calculated. The results prove the reliability of the Dirac-Hartree-Fock approach within the linear realization of the chiral symmetry. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Small, David W.; Sundstrom, Eric J.; Head-Gordon, Martin [Department of Chemistry, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720, USA and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
2015-01-14
Restricted Hartree Fock using complex-valued orbitals (cRHF) is studied. We introduce an orbital pairing theorem, with which we obtain a concise connection between cRHF and real-valued RHF, and use it to uncover the close relationship between cRHF, unrestricted Hartree Fock, and generalized valence bond perfect pairing. This enables an intuition for cRHF, contrasting with the generally unintuitive nature of complex orbitals. We also describe an efficient computer implementation of cRHF and its corresponding stability analysis. By applying cRHF to the Be + H{sub 2} insertion reaction, a Woodward-Hoffmann violating reaction, and a symmetry-driven conical intersection, we demonstrate in genuine molecular systems that cRHF is capable of removing certain potential energy surface singularities that plague real-valued RHF and related methods. This complements earlier work that showed this capability in a model system. We also describe how cRHF is the preferred RHF method for certain radicaloid systems like singlet oxygen and antiaromatic molecules. For singlet O{sub 2}, we show that standard methods fail even at the equilibrium geometry. An implication of this work is that, regardless of their individual efficacies, cRHF solutions to the HF equations are fairly commonplace.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gebremariam, B.; Bogner, S.K.; Duguet, T.
2011-01-01
The density matrix expansion (DME) of Negele and Vautherin is a convenient tool to map finite-range physics associated with vacuum two- and three-nucleon interactions into the form of a Skyrme-like energy density functional (EDF) with density-dependent couplings. In this work, we apply the improved formulation of the DME proposed recently in (arXiv:0910.4979) by Gebremariam et al. to the non-local Fock energy obtained from chiral effective field theory (EFT) two-nucleon (NN) interactions at next-to-next-to-leading-order (N 2 LO). The structure of the chiral interactions is such that each coupling in the DME Fock functional can be decomposed into a coupling constant arising from zero-range contact interactions and a coupling function of the density arising from the universal long-range pion exchanges. This motivates a new microscopically-guided Skyrme phenomenology where the density-dependent couplings associated with the underlying pion-exchange interactions are added to standard empirical Skyrme functionals, and the density-independent Skyrme parameters subsequently refit to data. A link to a downloadable Mathematica notebook containing the novel density-dependent couplings is provided.
Perger, W. F.; Das, B. P.
1987-01-01
The parity-nonconserving electric-dipole-transition amplitudes for the 6s1/2-7s1/2 transition in cesium and the 6p1/2-7p1/2 transition in thallium have been calculated by the Dirac-Hartree-Fock method. The effects of using different Dirac-Hartree-Fock atomic core potentials are examined and the transition amplitudes for both the length and velocity gauges are given. It is found that the parity-nonconserving transition amplitudes exhibit a greater dependence on the starting potential for thallium than for cesium.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Le Gac, A.; Pessanha, S.; Longelin, S.; Guerra, M.; Frade, J.C.; Lourenço, F.; Serrano, M.C.; Manso, M.; Carvalho, M.L.
2013-01-01
In the illuminated foral charters commissioned by D. Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495–1521), heraldry played a prominent role. In this work, royal emblems corresponding to the third heraldic design, applied to the Charter of Couto de Teixedo, are studied by means of EDXRF, SEM–EDS, micro-Raman, micro-FTIR and HPLC–DAD to characterize the materials and techniques used to produce this masterpiece of Portuguese Renaissance. By comparing this data with the results previously obtained in other three charters, this research allows for the first time an accurate insight into the reformed manuscripts production, especially since the illuminated charters under consideration were all investigated on the basis of similar micro-spectroscopic techniques. Inks, metal coatings, pigments, organic dyes, fillers or extenders, and binding media are discussed, and their use enlightened by the politic and legal messages the foral charters had to convey. Parchment analysis allowed us to identify the animal species, and all undertaken processes along its preparation. HPLC–DAD allowed us to differentiate the gums used. CaSO 4 was observed in the parchment as a degradation product of CaCO 3 used in parchment production in the presence of metal sulfates coming from the ink. Pigments used in the different colors as well as some specific phases for some colors were identified. Silvering and gilding processes, metal caratage and silver oxidation compounds were also objects of the present study. - Highlights: • Complementary analytical techniques using portable XRF and molecular techniques were used for the complete characterization of Portuguese illuminated manuscripts. • A comparison between four Manueline foral charters was undertaken, providing an accurate insight into their heraldic designs and production. • Inks, pigments and some of their specific phases, organic dyes, fillers or extenders, and binding media are discussed. • Silvering and gilding processes, metal caratage
Unambiguous modification of nonorthogonal single- and two-photon polarization states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Torres-Ruiz, F. A.; Aguirre, J.; Delgado, A.; Lima, G.; Neves, L.; Roa, L.; Saavedra, C.; Padua, S.
2009-01-01
In this paper we propose a probabilistic method which allows an unambiguous modification of two nonorthogonal quantum states. We experimentally implement this protocol by using two-photon polarization states generated in the process of spontaneous parametric down conversion. In the experiment, for codifying initial quantum states, we consider single-photon states and heralded detection. We show that the application of this protocol to entangled states allows a fine control of the amount of entanglement of the initial state.
Ground state phase diagram of extended attractive Hubbard model
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Robaszkiewicz, S.; Chao, K.A.; Micnas, R.
1980-08-01
The ground state phase diagram of the extended Hubbard model with intraatomic attraction has been derived in the Hartree-Fock approximation formulated in terms of the Bogoliubov variational approach. For a given value of electron density, the nature of the ordered ground state depends essentially on the sign and the strength of the nearest neighbor coupling. (author)
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tomaž Pavlin
2015-08-01
Full Text Available In the period between the two World Wars, physical education became an important educational sphere in Yugoslavia and Slovenia. At the same time, the process of giving the educational sphere a Slovene character has to be emphasized, which was ensued by the establishment of a new Southern Slav state. In this process, physical education was professionally influenced by Sokol gym and Sokol education. At the same time, the Sokol started the process of the formation of a state regulated short-cycle college of physical education. Behind the action were demands for professional teachers and coaches. The process culminated after the Second World War with the establishment of the Institute of Physical Education in Ljubljana (1953. The Institute adopted Sokol gym as a basic physical activity but it was soon reorganized and renamed 3-year Short-cycle College of Physical Education and finally in 1960, 4-year College of Physical Culture, which was the beginning of the present Faculty of Sport. This paper discusses the historical progression of physical education to academic science on the basis of the development of the Faculty of Sport and on the basis of available historical primary sources and professional texts.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Veverka, O.
1986-01-01
Program HERALD computes radiation doses to the population following an accident of a fission nuclear reactor, the destruction of the primary coolant circuit (LOCA), etc. The program was written with the intention to obtain a tool which would enable the user to follow numerically a radioactive cloud, its physical behaviour and its consequences up to extremely long distances of several thousands kilometres. Therefore the usual model of Gaussian distribution was avoided and the considerably simpler ''box model'' was chosen. This can be replaced by the ''semi-box model''. The fallout velocity of gases and particles is calculated using a simple model including the dependence on the Pasquillian stability class and on the local surface roughness. So is the scavenging coefficient for gases and particles, removed by either rainfalls, or snowfall or fogs. It is possible to employ corresponding empirical data. The program utilizes an ample data library holding nuclear data for approximately 500 fission products in 121 decay chains of at most 10 members, the corresponding dose factors for external gamma and beta irradiation from the cloud and the surface and from the inhaled and ingested radionuclides (ICRP-30). This library is now being extended to approximately 1,200 nuclides (products of activation, fission products and fuels including transuranium elements) for the purposes of normal operation and of heavy accidents. The program is written in standard language FORTRAN IV and is run on computer M 4030-1. (author) 5 figs., 34 tabs., 26 refs
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Shan, Hongzhan; Austin, Brian M.; De Jong, Wibe A.; Oliker, Leonid; Wright, Nicholas J.; Apra, Edoardo
2014-10-01
Attaining performance in the evaluation of two-electron repulsion integrals and constructing the Fock matrix is of considerable importance to the computational chemistry community. Due to its numerical complexity improving the performance behavior across a variety of leading supercomputing platforms is an increasing challenge due to the significant diversity in high-performance computing architectures. In this paper, we present our successful tuning methodology for these important numerical methods on the Cray XE6, the Cray XC30, the IBM BG/Q, as well as the Intel Xeon Phi. Our optimization schemes leverage key architectural features including vectorization and simultaneous multithreading, and results in speedups of up to 2.5x compared with the original implementation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zilitis, V.A.
1989-01-01
Oscillator forces, f, of 4s-4p, 4p-5s, 3d-4p and 3d-4f transitions for 13 terms of the potassium isoelectric line (from K to U 73+ ) are calculated by the Dirac-Fock method. Nonmonotonous change in values f along the isoelectric line is detected in some cases. Radiation life times of levels 4p 1/2 , 4p 3/2 and 5s 1/2 are also calculated. Similar values, which can be approximated by formula τ≅ 5x10 -8 Z ef -3 .3 , where Z ef - the effective charge, are obtained for life times of these levels. Values obtained for f and τ are compared with data of other authors
A study on the multiple solutions of the Martree-Fock-Roothaan equation for closed shell systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Malbouisson, L.A.C.
1985-01-01
An analysis of the multiple solutions of the Hartree-Fock-Roothaan equation for closed shell systems is done. The meaning of these solutions is discussed as self-consistent solutions of the pseudo-eingen-value equation and a general method for obtaining them is proposed. It is developed a criterion of stability for classifying the solutions depending on the type of the extremum point of the electronic energy function that the solution represent. It is also shown the existence of a correspondence between the multiple solutions and the several ordering rules that can be introduced for the usual iterative procedure of resolution of the equation. All the analysis and procedures developed are applied to the systems LiH, BH, Be and He. (author) [pt
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
West, Aaron C.; Schmidt, Michael W.; Gordon, Mark S.; Ruedenberg, Klaus
2013-01-01
Through a basis-set-independent web of localizing orbital-transformations, the electronic wave function of a molecule is expressed in terms of a set of orbitals that reveal the atomic structure and the bonding pattern of a molecule. The analysis is based on resolving the valence orbital space in terms of an internal space, which has minimal basis set dimensions, and an external space. In the internal space, oriented quasi-atomic orbitals and split-localized molecular orbitals are determined by new, fast localization methods. The density matrix between the oriented quasi-atomic orbitals as well as the locations of the split-localized orbitals exhibit atomic populations and inter-atomic bonding patterns. A correlation-adapted quasi-atomic basis is determined in the external orbital space. The general formulations are specified in detail for Hartree-Fock wave functions. Applications to specific molecules exemplify the general scheme
Sert, Y.; Ucun, F.
2013-08-01
In the present work, the theoretical vibrational spectra of p-, m- and o-nitrobenzonitrile molecules have been analyzed. The harmonic vibrational frequencies and geometric parameters (bond lengths and bond angles) of these molecules have been calculated using ab initio Hartree-Fock and density functional theory methods with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set by Gaussian 03 W, for the first time. Assignments of the vibrational frequencies have been performed by potential energy distribution by using VEDA 4 program. The optimized geometric parameters and harmonic vibrational frequencies have been compared with the corresponding experimental data and seen to be in a good agreement with each other. Also, the highest occupied molecular orbital and lowest unoccupied molecular orbital energies have been obtained.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Garza, Alejandro J.; Jiménez-Hoyos, Carlos A. [Department of Chemistry, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251-1892 (United States); Scuseria, Gustavo E. [Department of Chemistry and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, Houston, Texas 77251-1892, USA and Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 21589 (Saudi Arabia)
2014-06-28
Several schemes to avoid the double counting of correlations in methods that merge multireference wavefunctions with density functional theory (DFT) are studied and here adapted to a combination of spin-projected Hartree-Fock (SUHF) and DFT. The advantages and limitations of the new method, denoted SUHF+f{sub c}DFT, are explored through calculations on benchmark sets in which the accounting of correlations is challenging for pure SUHF or DFT. It is shown that SUHF+f{sub c}DFT can greatly improve the description of certain molecular properties (e.g., singlet-triplet energy gaps) which are not improved by simple addition of DFT dynamical correlation to SUHF. However, SUHF+f{sub c}DFT is also shown to have difficulties dissociating certain types of bonds and describing highly charged ions with static correlation. Possible improvements to the current SUHF+f{sub c}DFT scheme are discussed in light of these results.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Bogolubov, N.N. Jr.; Prykarpatsky, A.K.; Taneri, U.; Prykarpatsky, Y.A.
2009-01-01
Based on analysis of reduced geometric structures on fibered manifolds, invariant under action of a certain symmetry group, we construct the symplectic structures associated with connection forms on suitable principal fiber bundles. The application to the non-standard Hamiltonian analysis of the Maxwell and Yang-Mills type dynamical systems is presented. A symplectic reduction theory of the classical Maxwell electromagnetic field equations is formulated, the important Lorentz condition, ensuring the existence of electromagnetic waves, is naturally included into the Hamiltonian picture, thereby solving the well known Dirac, Fock and Podolsky problem. The symplectically reduced Poissonian structures and the related classical minimal interaction principle, concerning the Yang-Mills type equations, are considered. (author)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lata, K. Ramani [State University of New York at Albany, Department of Physics (United States); Sahoo, N. [University of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Radiation Physics (United States); Dubey, Archana [University of Central Florida, Department of Physics (United States); Scheicher, R. H. [Uppsala University, Condensed Matter Theory Group, Department of Physics and Materials Science (Sweden); Badu, S. R.; Pink, R. H.; Mahato, Dip N. [State University of New York at Albany, Department of Physics (United States); Schulte, A. F.; Saha, H. P. [University of Central Florida, Department of Physics (United States); Maharjan, N. B. [State University of New York at Albany, Department of Physics (United States); Chow, Lee [University of Central Florida, Department of Physics (United States); Das, T. P., E-mail: tpd56@albany.edu [State University of New York at Albany, Department of Physics (United States)
2008-01-15
The electronic structure of the heme unit of deoxyhemoglobin including the proximal imidazole has been studied using the first-principles Hartree-Fock procedure. Our results for the {sup 57m}Fe isomer shift and asymmetry parameter are in very good agreement with the values obtained from Moessbauer spectroscopy measurements. The {sup 57m}Fe nuclear quadrupole coupling constant is smaller than the experimental result and possible ways to improve the agreement in the future are discussed. Improved analysis of the Moessbauer data, removing some approximations made for deriving the magnetic hyperfine tensor for the {sup 57m}Fe nucleus, is suggested to allow quantitative comparison with our results in the future.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Palev, T.D.; Stoilova, N.I.; Jeugt, J. van der
1999-12-01
Fock space representations of the Lie superalgebra sl(n + 1 vertical bar m) and of its quantum analogue U q [sl(n + 1 vertical bar m)] are written down. The results are based on a description of these superalgebras via creation and annihilation operators. The properties of the underlying statistics are briefly discussed. (author)
Influence of scattering processes on electron quantum states in nanowires
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Pozdnyakov Dmitry
2007-01-01
Full Text Available AbstractIn the framework of quantum perturbation theory the self-consistent method of calculation of electron scattering rates in nanowires with the one-dimensional electron gas in the quantum limit is worked out. The developed method allows both the collisional broadening and the quantum correlations between scattering events to be taken into account. It is an alternativeper seto the Fock approximation for the self-energy approach based on Green’s function formalism. However this approach is free of mathematical difficulties typical to the Fock approximation. Moreover, the developed method is simpler than the Fock approximation from the computational point of view. Using the approximation of stable one-particle quantum states it is proved that the electron scattering processes determine the dependence of electron energy versus its wave vector.
The calculation of collective energies from periodic time-dependent Hartree-Fock solutions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Zahed, I.; Baranger, M.
1983-06-01
A periodic TDHF solution is used as the reference state for a diagrammatic expansion of the propagator. A discrete Fourier transform leads to a function of energy, whose poles are the corresponding energy levels. Limiting the expansion to first-order diagrams leads to a new derivation of the Bohr-Sommerfeld-like quantization rule for collective states
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lara-Castells, María Pilar de, E-mail: Pilar.deLara.Castells@csic.es; Bartolomei, Massimiliano [Instituto de Física Fundamental (C.S.I.C.), Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Mitrushchenkov, Alexander O. [Laboratoire Modélisation et Simulation Multi Echelle, Université Paris-Est, MSME UMR 8208 CNRS, 5 bd Descartes, 77454 Marne-la-Vallée (France); Stoll, Hermann [Institut für Theoretische Chemie, Universität Stuttgart, D-70550 Stuttgart (Germany)
2015-11-21
The accuracy and transferability of the electronic structure approach combining dispersionless density functional theory (DFT) [K. Pernal et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 263201 (2009)] with the method of increments [H. Stoll, J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8449 (1992)], are validated for the interaction between the noble-gas Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe atoms and coronene/graphene/graphite surfaces. This approach uses the method of increments for surface cluster models to extract intermonomer dispersion-like (2- and 3-body) correlation terms at coupled cluster singles and doubles and perturbative triples level, while periodic dispersionless density functionals calculations are performed to estimate the sum of Hartree-Fock and intramonomer correlation contributions. Dispersion energy contributions are also obtained using DFT-based symmetry-adapted perturbation theory [SAPT(DFT)]. An analysis of the structure of the X/surface (X = Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe) interaction energies shows the excellent transferability properties of the leading intermonomer correlation contributions across the sequence of noble-gas atoms, which are also discussed using the Drude oscillator model. We further compare these results with van der Waals-(vdW)-corrected DFT-based approaches. As a test of accuracy, the energies of the low-lying nuclear bound states supported by the laterally averaged X/graphite potentials (X = {sup 3}He, {sup 4}He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe) are calculated and compared with the best estimations from experimental measurements and an atom-bond potential model using the ab initio-assisted fine-tuning of semiempirical parameters. The bound-state energies determined differ by less than 6–7 meV (6%) from the atom-bond potential model. The crucial importance of including incremental 3-body dispersion-type terms is clearly demonstrated, showing that the SAPT(DFT) approach effectively account for these terms. With the deviations from the best experimental-based estimations smaller than 2.3 meV (1.9%), the
Elastic and inelastic form factors of the Ne20 in the Hartree-Fock approximation
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Oliveira, S.A.C. de.
1977-01-01
Properties of Ne 20 fundamental band are studied such as particle densities and elastic and inelastic form factors. A two body interaction is used and its matrix elements involve only the independent particle states of the 1s-0d shell [pt
Λ hypernuclei in the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock treatment with G-matrix motivated interactions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Lanskoy, D.E.; Yamamoto, Y.
1997-01-01
Skyrme-like hyperon-nucleon potentials are derived from G-matrix calculations and shown to reproduce well the Λ single-particle spectra of hypernuclei measured in BNL and KEK. Fit of the spectra can restrict p-wave ΛN interaction, radii of Λ orbits in hypernuclear ground states, Λ well depth and effective mass in nuclear matter rather tightly. Implications of ΛN spin-orbit force to the spectra are considered. (author)
Chong, Jacky Jia Wei
2018-04-01
We prove the global well-posedness of the time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (TDHFB) equations in R^{1+1} with two-body interaction potential of the form N^{-1}v_N(x) = N^{β -1} v(N^β x) where v≥0 is a sufficiently regular radial function, i.e., v \\in L^1(R)\\cap C^∞ (R) . In particular, using methods of dispersive PDEs similar to the ones used in Grillakis and Machedon (Commun Partial Differ Equ 42:24-67, 2017), we are able to show for any scaling parameter β >0 the TDHFB equations are globally well-posed in some Strichartz-type spaces independent of N, cf. (Bach et al. in The time-dependent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov equations for Bosons, 2016. arXiv:1602.05171).
Wang, Hao
2014-07-01
The metal-insulator transition of VO2 so far has evaded an accurate description by density functional theory. The screened hybrid functional of Heyd, Scuseria and Ernzerhof leads to reasonable solutions for both the low-temperature monoclinic and high-temperature rutile phases only if spin polarization is excluded from the calculations. We explore whether a satisfactory agreement with experiment can be achieved by tuning the fraction of Hartree Fock exchange (α) in the density functional. It is found that two branches of locally stable solutions exist for the rutile phase for 12.5%≤α≤20%. One is metallic and has the correct stability as compared to the monoclinic phase, the other is insulating with lower energy than the metallic branch. We discuss these observations based on the V 3d orbital occupations and conclude that α=10% is the best possible choice for spin-polarized VO2 calculations. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brorsen, Kurt R.; Sirjoosingh, Andrew; Pak, Michael V.; Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon
2015-01-01
The nuclear electronic orbital (NEO) reduced explicitly correlated Hartree-Fock (RXCHF) approach couples select electronic orbitals to the nuclear orbital via Gaussian-type geminal functions. This approach is extended to enable the use of a restricted basis set for the explicitly correlated electronic orbitals and an open-shell treatment for the other electronic orbitals. The working equations are derived and the implementation is discussed for both extensions. The RXCHF method with a restricted basis set is applied to HCN and FHF − and is shown to agree quantitatively with results from RXCHF calculations with a full basis set. The number of many-particle integrals that must be calculated for these two molecules is reduced by over an order of magnitude with essentially no loss in accuracy, and the reduction factor will increase substantially for larger systems. Typically, the computational cost of RXCHF calculations with restricted basis sets will scale in terms of the number of basis functions centered on the quantum nucleus and the covalently bonded neighbor(s). In addition, the RXCHF method with an odd number of electrons that are not explicitly correlated to the nuclear orbital is implemented using a restricted open-shell formalism for these electrons. This method is applied to HCN + , and the nuclear densities are in qualitative agreement with grid-based calculations. Future work will focus on the significance of nonadiabatic effects in molecular systems and the further enhancement of the NEO-RXCHF approach to accurately describe such effects
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Brics, M; Rapp, J; Bauer, D
2017-01-01
The N -particle wavefunction has too many dimensions for a direct time propagation of a many-body system according to the time-dependent Schrödinger equation (TDSE). On the other hand, time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) tells us that the single-particle density is, in principle, sufficient. However, a practicable equation of motion for the accurate time evolution of the single-particle density is unknown. It is thus an obvious idea to propagate a quantity which is not as reduced as the single-particle density but less dimensional than the N -body wavefunction. Recently, we have introduced time-dependent renormalized-natural-orbital theory (TDRNOT). TDRNOT is based on the propagation of the eigenfunctions of the one-body reduced density matrix, the so-called natural orbitals. In this paper we demonstrate how TDRNOT is related to the multi-configurational time-dependent Hartree–Fock (MCTDHF) approach. We also compare the performance of MCTDHF and TDRNOT versus the TDSE for single-photon double ionization (SPDI) of a 1D helium model atom. SPDI is one of the effects where TDDFT does not work in practice, especially if one is interested in correlated photoelectron spectra, for which no explicit density functional is known. (paper)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baldin, A.M.
1999-01-01
The development of the gauge symmetry has resulted in a complete determination of the Lagrangians for electromagnetic, weak, strong and gravitational interactions and has created illusions about the construction of 'the theory of everything'. However, in just the same way as in classical physics, it became clear that the deductive obtaining of solutions (laws of Nature) is based not only on the principle of the Lagrangian symmetry. To find unambiguously solutions some additional conditions are needed without which the solutions of the Lagrange equations are ambiguous. The additional conditions such as hypotheses about the integral symmetries of solutions, the boundary and initial conditions, the constants entering Lagrangians, and so on are essential so that in a number of cases it is possible to construct models (solutions, laws of Nature) without the recourse to the Lagrange method. An example of using such an approach in one of the rapidly developing domains of modern physics, namely relativistic nuclear physics, is given. An exact mathematical language of the gauge symmetry is the differential geometry and that of the additional conditions in the topology, the parameter space properties as a whole. In the present paper the fundamental contribution of V.A. Fock to the development of the concept of space, the primary concept of physics, is given
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Brorsen, Kurt R.; Sirjoosingh, Andrew; Pak, Michael V.; Hammes-Schiffer, Sharon, E-mail: shs3@illinois.edu [Department of Chemistry, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 600 South Mathews Ave., Urbana, Illinois 61801 (United States)
2015-06-07
The nuclear electronic orbital (NEO) reduced explicitly correlated Hartree-Fock (RXCHF) approach couples select electronic orbitals to the nuclear orbital via Gaussian-type geminal functions. This approach is extended to enable the use of a restricted basis set for the explicitly correlated electronic orbitals and an open-shell treatment for the other electronic orbitals. The working equations are derived and the implementation is discussed for both extensions. The RXCHF method with a restricted basis set is applied to HCN and FHF{sup −} and is shown to agree quantitatively with results from RXCHF calculations with a full basis set. The number of many-particle integrals that must be calculated for these two molecules is reduced by over an order of magnitude with essentially no loss in accuracy, and the reduction factor will increase substantially for larger systems. Typically, the computational cost of RXCHF calculations with restricted basis sets will scale in terms of the number of basis functions centered on the quantum nucleus and the covalently bonded neighbor(s). In addition, the RXCHF method with an odd number of electrons that are not explicitly correlated to the nuclear orbital is implemented using a restricted open-shell formalism for these electrons. This method is applied to HCN{sup +}, and the nuclear densities are in qualitative agreement with grid-based calculations. Future work will focus on the significance of nonadiabatic effects in molecular systems and the further enhancement of the NEO-RXCHF approach to accurately describe such effects.
Multiconfiguration Hartree--Fock method for atomic energy levels and transition probabilities
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fischer, C.F.
1978-01-01
The effect of correlation in the motion of electrons in a many-electron system is considered in the theoretical determination of atomic properties. The correlation effects are computed using the configuration interaction. Restriction is made to the discussion of outer processes of neutral atoms or ions of low degree of ionization in which the relativistic effects are small. The first-order theory, the 3p,3d state of Al II, correlation in the 3d/sup n/ shell, and f-values in the presence of cross-overs are discussed. 29 references
Ab initio calculation atomics ground state wave function for interactions Ion- Atom
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shojaee, F.; Bolori zadeh, M. A.
2007-01-01
Ab initio calculation atomics ground state wave function for interactions Ion- Atom Atomic wave function expressed in a Slater - type basis obtained within Roothaan- Hartree - Fock for the ground state of the atoms He through B. The total energy is given for each atom.
Driving a mechanical resonator into coherent states via random measurements
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Garcia, Ll; Wu, L-A; Chhajlany, R W; Li, Y
2013-01-01
We propose dynamical schemes to engineer coherent states of a mechanical resonator (MR) coupled to an ancillary, superconducting flux qubit. The flux qubit, when repeatedly projected on to its ground state, drives the MR into a coherent state in probabilistic, albeit heralded fashion. Assuming no operations on the state of the MR during the protocol, coherent states are successfully generated only up to a certain value of the displacement parameter. This restriction can be overcome at the cost of a one-time operation on the initial state of the MR. We discuss the possibility of experimental realization of the presented schemes. (paper)
Böhm, Karl-Heinz; Auer, Alexander A; Espig, Mike
2016-06-28
In this proof-of-principle study, we apply tensor decomposition techniques to the Full Configuration Interaction (FCI) wavefunction in order to approximate the wavefunction parameters efficiently and to reduce the overall computational effort. For this purpose, the wavefunction ansatz is formulated in an occupation number vector representation that ensures antisymmetry. If the canonical product format tensor decomposition is then applied, the Hamiltonian and the wavefunction can be cast into a multilinear product form. As a consequence, the number of wavefunction parameters does not scale to the power of the number of particles (or orbitals) but depends on the rank of the approximation and linearly on the number of particles. The degree of approximation can be controlled by a single threshold for the rank reduction procedure required in the algorithm. We demonstrate that using this approximation, the FCI Hamiltonian matrix can be stored with N(5) scaling. The error of the approximation that is introduced is below Millihartree for a threshold of ϵ = 10(-4) and no convergence problems are observed solving the FCI equations iteratively in the new format. While promising conceptually, all effort of the algorithm is shifted to the required rank reduction procedure after the contraction of the Hamiltonian with the coefficient tensor. At the current state, this crucial step is the bottleneck of our approach and even for an optimistic estimate, the algorithm scales beyond N(10) and future work has to be directed towards reduction-free algorithms.
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Shim, Irene; Kingcade, Joseph E. , Jr.; Gingerich, Karl A.
1986-01-01
In the present work we present all-electron ab initio Hartree–Fock (HF) and configuration interaction (CI) calculations of six electronic states of the PdGe molecule. The molecule is predicted to have a 3Pi ground state and two low-lying excited states 3Sigma− and 1Sigma+. The electronic structure...
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
He, Xiao; Ryu, Shinsei; Hirata, So
2014-01-01
Finite-temperature extensions of ab initio Gaussian-basis-set spin-restricted Hartree–Fock (HF) and second-order many-body perturbation (MP2) theories are implemented for infinitely extended, periodic, one-dimensional solids and applied to the Peierls and charge-density-wave (CDW) transitions in polyyne and all-trans polyacetylene. The HF theory predicts insulating CDW ground states for both systems in their equidistant structures at low temperatures. In the same structures, they turn metallic at high temperatures. Starting from the “dimerized” low-temperature equilibrium structures, the systems need even higher temperatures to undergo a Peierls transition, which is accompanied by geometric as well as electronic distortions from dimerized to non-dimerized forms. The conventional finite-temperature MP2 theory shows a sign of divergence in any phase at any nonzero temperature and is useless. The renormalized finite-temperature MP2 (MP2R) theory is divergent only near metallic electronic structures, but is well behaved elsewhere. MP2R also predicts CDW and Peierls transitions occurring at two different temperatures. The effect of electron correlation is primarily to lower the Peierls transition temperature
Symbolic computation of the Hartree-Fock energy from a chiral EFT three-nucleon interaction at N2LO
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gebremariam, B.; Bogner, S.K.; Duguet, T.
2010-01-01
We present the first of a two-part Mathematica notebook collection that implements a symbolic approach for the application of the density matrix expansion (DME) to the Hartree-Fock (HF) energy from a chiral effective field theory (EFT) three-nucleon interaction at N 2 LO. The final output from the notebooks is a Skyrme-like energy density functional that provides a quasi-local approximation to the non-local HF energy. In this paper, we discuss the derivation of the HF energy and its simplification in terms of the scalar/vector-isoscalar/isovector parts of the one-body density matrix. Furthermore, a set of steps is described and illustrated on how to extend the approach to other three-nucleon interactions. Program summary: Program title: SymbHFNNN; Catalogue identifier: AEGC v 1 0 ; Program summary URL: http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/AEGC_v1_0.html; Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland; Licensing provisions: Standard CPC licence, http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/licence/licence.html; No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 96 666; No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 378 083; Distribution format: tar.gz; Programming language: Mathematica 7.1; Computer: Any computer running Mathematica 6.0 and later versions; Operating system: Windows Xp, Linux/Unix; RAM: 256 Mb; Classification: 5, 17.16, 17.22; Nature of problem: The calculation of the HF energy from the chiral EFT three-nucleon interaction at N 2 LO involves tremendous spin-isospin algebra. The problem is compounded by the need to eventually obtain a quasi-local approximation to the HF energy, which requires the HF energy to be expressed in terms of scalar/vector-isoscalar/isovector parts of the one-body density matrix. The Mathematica notebooks discussed in this paper solve the latter issue. Solution method: The HF energy from the chiral EFT three-nucleon interaction at N 2 LO is cast into a form suitable for an automatic
Creation, Storage, and On-Demand Release of Optical Quantum States with a Negative Wigner Function
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jun-ichi Yoshikawa
2013-12-01
Full Text Available Highly nonclassical quantum states of light, characterized by Wigner functions with negative values, have been all-optically created so far only in a heralded fashion. In this case, the desired output emerges rarely and randomly from a quantum-state generator. An important example is the heralded production of high-purity single-photon states, typically based on some nonlinear optical interaction. In contrast, on-demand single-photon sources are also reported, exploiting the quantized level structure of matter systems. These sources, however, lead to highly impure output states, composed mostly of vacuum. While such impure states may still exhibit certain single-photon-like features such as antibunching, they are not nonclassical enough for advanced quantum-information processing. On the other hand, the intrinsic randomness of pure, heralded states can be circumvented by first storing and then releasing them on demand. Here, we propose such a controlled release, and we experimentally demonstrate it for heralded single photons. We employ two optical cavities, where the photons are both created and stored inside one cavity and finally released through a dynamical tuning of the other cavity. We demonstrate storage times of up to 300 ns while keeping the single-photon purity around 50% after storage. Our experiment is the first demonstration of a negative Wigner function at the output of an on-demand photon source or a quantum memory. In principle, our storage system is compatible with all kinds of nonclassical states, including those known to be essential for many advanced quantum-information protocols.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sert, Y.
2008-01-01
The optimised molecular structure, vibrational frequencies and corresponding vibrational assignments of 2-, 3- and 4- nitro anilines have been calculated using the Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional methods (B3LYP) with 6-311++G (d, p) basis set. The calculations were adapted to the C S symmetries of all the molecules. The calculated vibrational frequencies and geometric parameters (bond lengths and bond angles) were seen to be in good agreement with the experimental data. The comparison of the experimental and theoretical results showed that the HF method is superior to the B3LYP method for both the vibrational frequencies and geometric parameters
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dey, J.; Dey, M.; Mukhopadhyay, G.; Samanta, B.C.
1989-01-01
Mean field models of the nucleon and the delta are established with the two-quark vector Richardson potential along with various prescriptions for a running quark mass. This is taken to be a one-particle operator in the Dirac-Hartree Fock formalism. An effective density dependent one body potential U(ρ) for quarks at a given density ρ inside the nucleon is derived. It shows an interesting structure. Asymptotic freedom and confinement properties are built-in at high and low densities in U (ρ) and the model dependence is restricted to the intermediate desnsities. (author) [pt
Conditional generation of arbitrary multimode entangled states of light with linear optics
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fiurasek, J.; Massar, S.; Cerf, N. J.
2003-01-01
We propose a universal scheme for the probabilistic generation of an arbitrary multimode entangled state of light with finite expansion in Fock basis. The suggested setup involves passive linear optics, single-photon sources, strong coherent laser beams, and photodetectors with single-photon resolution. The efficiency of this setup may be greatly enhanced if, in addition, a quantum memory is available
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Fan, Hongyi [CCAST (World Laboratory), PO Box 8730, Beijing 100080, People' s Republic of (China); Hu, Haipeng [Department of Material Science and Engineering, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui 230026, People' s Republic of China (China)
2003-01-10
We compare and contrast our amplitude-phase entanglement with that of Luis in his comment. Luis's entangled state is defined in a finite Fock space. His comment on the operational phase operator seems to be contradicting the original meaning of Mandel et al. (reply)
Fan, H
2003-01-01
We compare and contrast our amplitude-phase entanglement with that of Luis in his comment. Luis's entangled state is defined in a finite Fock space. His comment on the operational phase operator seems to be contradicting the original meaning of Mandel et al. (reply)
Lower bounds for the ground states of He-isoelectronic series
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fraga, Serafin
1981-01-01
A formulation, based on the concept of null local kinetic energy regions, has been developed for the determination of lower bounds for the ground state of a two-electron atom. Numerical results, obtained from Hartree-Fock functions, are presented for the elements He through Kr of the two-electron series
Localized bound states of fermions interacting via massive vector bosons
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ionescu, D.C.; Reinhardt, J.; Mueller, B.; Greiner, W.; Soff, G.
1988-11-01
A model for composite consisting of fermions with internal degrees of freedom interacting via intermediate vector bosons (IVB) is constructed. We find highly localized, low-mass bound states in the Hartree-Fock approximation. We investigate the dependence of these states as function of the coupling constant and vector boson mass. In the limit of infinite vector boson mass the interaction is described by Fermi-type contact forces. (orig.)
Thermodynamic functions of element 105 in neutral and ionized states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Pershina, V.; Fricke, B.; Ionova, G.V.; Johnson, E.
1994-01-01
The basic thermodynamic functions, the entropy, free energy, and enthalpy, for element 105 (hahnium) in electronic configurations d 3 s 2 , d 3 sp, and d 4 s 1 and for its + 5 ionized state (5f 14 ) have been calculated as a function of temperature. The data are based on the results of the calculations of the corresponding electronic states of element 105 using the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method. 19 refs., 1 fig., 11 tabs
Energies and lifetimes of excited states in copperlike Kr VIII
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Livingston, A.E.; Curtis, L.J.; Schectman, R.M.; Berry, H.G.
1980-01-01
The spectrum of Kr VIII has been observed between 180 and 2000 A by using foil excitation of 2.5--3.5-MeV krypton ions. Twenty new transitions have been classified and eleven new excited-state energies have been determined within the n=4 --7 shells. The ionization potential is derived to be 1 015 800 +- 200 cm -1 . The excited-state energies and fine structures are compared with recent relativistic Hartree-Fock calculations. The 4p-state lifetime has been measured by performing a simultaneous analysis of decay data for the 4p level and for its dominant cascade-repopulating levels. The 4p lifetime is found to be 30% shorter than previously measured values and is in excellent agreement with the result of a recent multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock calculation. The source of the discrepancy between this result and earlier measurements is discussed
K-dimensional trio coherent states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yi, Hyo Seok; Nguyen, Ba An; Kim, Jaewan
2004-01-01
We introduce a novel class of higher-order, three-mode states called K-dimensional trio coherent states. We study their mathematical properties and prove that they form a complete set in a truncated Fock space. We also study their physical content by explicitly showing that they exhibit nonclassical features such as oscillatory number distribution, sub-Poissonian statistics, Cauchy-Schwarz inequality violation and phase-space quantum interferences. Finally, we propose an experimental scheme to realize the state with K = 2 in the quantized vibronic motion of a trapped ion
Caffarel, Michel; Giner, Emmanuel; Scemama, Anthony; Ramírez-Solís, Alejandro
2014-12-09
We present a comparative study of the spatial distribution of the spin density of the ground state of CuCl2 using Density Functional Theory (DFT), quantum Monte Carlo (QMC), and post-Hartree-Fock wave function theory (WFT). A number of studies have shown that an accurate description of the electronic structure of the lowest-lying states of this molecule is particularly challenging due to the interplay between the strong dynamical correlation effects in the 3d shell and the delocalization of the 3d hole over the chlorine atoms. More generally, this problem is representative of the difficulties encountered when studying open-shell metal-containing molecular systems. Here, it is shown that qualitatively different results for the spin density distribution are obtained from the various quantum-mechanical approaches. At the DFT level, the spin density distribution is found to be very dependent on the functional employed. At the QMC level, Fixed-Node Diffusion Monte Carlo (FN-DMC) results are strongly dependent on the nodal structure of the trial wave function. Regarding wave function methods, most approaches not including a very high amount of dynamic correlation effects lead to a much too high localization of the spin density on the copper atom, in sharp contrast with DFT. To shed some light on these conflicting results Full CI-type (FCI) calculations using the 6-31G basis set and based on a selection process of the most important determinants, the so-called CIPSI approach (Configuration Interaction with Perturbative Selection done Iteratively) are performed. Quite remarkably, it is found that for this 63-electron molecule and a full CI space including about 10(18) determinants, the FCI limit can almost be reached. Putting all results together, a natural and coherent picture for the spin distribution is proposed.
Generation of coherent states of photon-added type via pathway of eigenfunctions
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gorska, K; Penson, K A; Duchamp, G H E
2010-01-01
We obtain and investigate the regular eigenfunctions of simple differential operators x r d r+1 /dx r+1 , r = 1, 2, ..., with the eigenvalues equal to 1. With the help of these eigenfunctions, we construct a non-unitary analogue of a boson displacement operator which will be acting on the vacuum. In this way, we generate collective quantum states of the Fock space which are normalized and equipped with the resolution of unity with the positive weight functions that we obtain explicitly. These states are thus coherent states in the sense of Klauder. They span the truncated Fock space without first r lowest-lying basis states: |0), |1), ..., |r - 1). These states are squeezed, sub-Poissonian in nature and reminiscent of photon-added states in Agarwal and Tara (1991 Phys. Rev. A 43 492).
Configuration mixing calculations with basis states obtained from constrained variational methods
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Miller, H.G.; Schroeder, H.P.
1982-01-01
Configuration mixing calculations have been performed in 20 Ne using basis states which are energetically the lowest-lying solutions of the constrained Hartree-Fock equations with an angular momentum constraint of the form 2 > = J(J + 1), For J = 6, very good agreement with the lower-lying 6 + states in an exact eigenvalue spectrum has been obtained with relatively few PAV-K mixed CHF basis states. (orig.)
Coherent states of a particle in a magnetic field and the Stieltjes moment problem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gazeau, J.P.; Baldiotti, M.C.; Gitman, D.M.
2009-01-01
A solution to a version of the Stieltjes moment problem is presented. Using this solution, we construct a family of coherent states of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field. We prove that these states form an overcomplete set that is normalized and resolves the unity. By the help of these coherent states we construct the Fock-Bergmann representation related to the particle quantization. This quantization procedure takes into account a circle topology of the classical motion.
Coherent states of a particle in a magnetic field and the Stieltjes moment problem
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Gazeau, J.P. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318-CEP, 05315-970 Sao Paulo, S.P. (Brazil)], E-mail: gazeau@apc.univ-paris7.fr; Baldiotti, M.C. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318-CEP, 05315-970 Sao Paulo, S.P. (Brazil)], E-mail: baldiott@fma.if.usp.br; Gitman, D.M. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Caixa Postal 66318-CEP, 05315-970 Sao Paulo, S.P. (Brazil)], E-mail: gitman@dfn.if.usp.br
2009-05-11
A solution to a version of the Stieltjes moment problem is presented. Using this solution, we construct a family of coherent states of a charged particle in a uniform magnetic field. We prove that these states form an overcomplete set that is normalized and resolves the unity. By the help of these coherent states we construct the Fock-Bergmann representation related to the particle quantization. This quantization procedure takes into account a circle topology of the classical motion.
Coupled state analysis of electron excitations in asymmetric collision systems
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Mehler, G.; Reus, T. de; Mueller, U.; Reinhardt, J.; Mueller, B.; Greiner, W.; Soff, G.
1985-01-01
A coupled channel formalism is presented, using relativistic basis states of the target atom. Screening effects are incorporated by means of an effective potential of Hartree-Fock-Slater type. Relativistic wave packets are employed for the description of the continuum. The impact parameter dependence of the K-hole production in p-Ag collisions is calculated, including quadrupole contributions of the projectile Coulomb potential. The results are compared with experimental data. (orig.)
Deformed nuclear state as a quasiparticle-pair
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dobaczewski, J.; Skalski, J.
1988-01-01
The deformed nuclear states, obtained in terms of the Hartree-Fock plus BCS method with the Skyrme SIII interaction, are approximated by condensates of the low-angular-momentum quasiparticle and particle pairs. The optimal pairs are determined by the variation after truncation method. The influence of the truncation on the deformation energy and the importance of the core-polarization effects are investigated
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wang Xiangbin
2003-01-01
We propose a scheme to produce the maximally two-photon polarization entangled state with single-photon sources and the passive linear optics devices. In particular, our scheme only requires the normal photon detectors which distinguish the vacuum and non-vacuum Fock number states. A sophisticated photon detector distinguishing between one-photon state and two-photon state is unnecessary in the scheme
Ohmura, S.; Kato, T.; Oyamada, T.; Koseki, S.; Ohmura, H.; Kono, H.
2018-02-01
The mechanisms of anisotropic near-IR tunnel ionization and high-order harmonic generation (HHG) in a CO molecule are theoretically investigated by using the multiconfiguration time-dependent Hartree-Fock (MCTDHF) method developed for the simulation of multielectron dynamics of molecules. The multielectron dynamics obtained by numerically solving the equations of motion (EOMs) in the MCTDHF method is converted to a single orbital picture in the natural orbital representation where the first-order reduced density matrix is diagonalized. The ionization through each natural orbital is examined and the process of HHG is classified into different optical paths designated by a combinations of initial, intermediate and final natural orbitals. The EOMs for natural spin-orbitals are also derived within the framework of the MCTDHF, which maintains the first-order reduced density matrix to be a diagonal one throughout the time propagation of a many-electron wave function. The orbital dependent, time-dependent effective potentials that govern the dynamics of respective time-dependent natural orbitals are deduced from the derived EOMs, of which the temporal variation can be used to interpret the motion of the electron density associated with each natural spin-orbital. The roles of the orbital shape, multiorbital ionization, linear Stark effect and multielectron interaction in the ionization and HHG of a CO molecule are revealed by the effective potentials obtained. When the laser electric field points to the nucleus O from C, tunnel ionization from the C atom side is enhanced; a hump structure originating from multielectron interaction is then formed on the top of the field-induced distorted barrier of the HOMO effective potential. This hump formation, responsible for the directional anisotropy of tunnel ionization, restrains the influence of the linear Stark effect on the energy shifts of bound states.
Vikramaditya, Talapunur; Lin, Shiang-Tai
2017-06-05
Accurate determination of ionization potentials (IPs), electron affinities (EAs), fundamental gaps (FGs), and HOMO, LUMO energy levels of organic molecules play an important role in modeling and predicting the efficiencies of organic photovoltaics, OLEDs etc. In this work, we investigate the effects of Hartree Fock (HF) Exchange, correlation energy, and long range corrections in predicting IP and EA in Hybrid Functionals. We observe increase in percentage of HF exchange results in increase of IPs and decrease in EAs. Contrary to the general expectations inclusion of both HF exchange and correlation energy (from the second order perturbation theory MP2) leads to poor prediction. Range separated Hybrid Functionals are found to be more reliable among various DFT Functionals investigated. DFT Functionals predict accurate IPs whereas post HF methods predict accurate EAs. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Ucun, Fatih; Sağlam, Adnan; Güçlü, Vesile
2007-06-01
The molecular structures, vibrational frequencies and corresponding vibrational assignments of xanthine and its methyl derivatives (caffeine and theobromine) have been calculated using ab initio Hartree-Fock (HF) and density functional theory (B3LYP) methods with 6-31G(d, p) basis set level. The calculations were utilized to the CS symmetries of the molecules. The obtained vibrational frequencies and optimised geometric parameters (bond lengths and bond angles) were seen to be well agreement with the experimental data. The used scale factors which have been obtained the ratio of the frequency values of the strongest peaks in the calculated and experimental spectra seem to cause the gained vibrations well corresponding to the experimental ones. Theoretical infrared intensities and Raman activities are also reported.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Yodgorov, G R [Navoi State Pedagogical Institute, Navoi (Uzbekistan); Ismail, F [Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor (Malaysia); Muminov, Z I [Malaysia – Japan International Institute of Technology, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia)
2014-12-31
We consider a certain model operator acting in a subspace of a fermionic Fock space. We obtain an analogue of Faddeev's equation. We describe the location of the essential spectrum of the operator under consideration and show that the essential spectrum consists of the union of at most four segments. Bibliography: 19 titles.
Yoshida, Tatsusada; Hayashi, Takahisa; Mashima, Akira; Chuman, Hiroshi
2015-10-01
One of the most challenging problems in computer-aided drug discovery is the accurate prediction of the binding energy between a ligand and a protein. For accurate estimation of net binding energy ΔEbind in the framework of the Hartree-Fock (HF) theory, it is necessary to estimate two additional energy terms; the dispersion interaction energy (Edisp) and the basis set superposition error (BSSE). We previously reported a simple and efficient dispersion correction, Edisp, to the Hartree-Fock theory (HF-Dtq). In the present study, an approximation procedure for estimating BSSE proposed by Kruse and Grimme, a geometrical counterpoise correction (gCP), was incorporated into HF-Dtq (HF-Dtq-gCP). The relative weights of the Edisp (Dtq) and BSSE (gCP) terms were determined to reproduce ΔEbind calculated with CCSD(T)/CBS or /aug-cc-pVTZ (HF-Dtq-gCP (scaled)). The performance of HF-Dtq-gCP (scaled) was compared with that of B3LYP-D3(BJ)-bCP (dispersion corrected B3LYP with the Boys and Bernadi counterpoise correction (bCP)), by taking ΔEbind (CCSD(T)-bCP) of small non-covalent complexes as 'a golden standard'. As a critical test, HF-Dtq-gCP (scaled)/6-31G(d) and B3LYP-D3(BJ)-bCP/6-31G(d) were applied to the complex model for HIV-1 protease and its potent inhibitor, KNI-10033. The present results demonstrate that HF-Dtq-gCP (scaled) is a useful and powerful remedy for accurately and promptly predicting ΔEbind between a ligand and a protein, albeit it is a simple correction procedure. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Some MCHF results for Rydberg States
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fischer, C.F.; Hansen, J.E.
1979-01-01
The multiconfiguration Hartree-Fock method (MCHF) was applied to a study of the 3s nd, n = 4 to 8, states in the 3 F 0 series of Al II with the well-known 3p 3d perturber. Procedures were devised to stabilize the calculation in the presence of strong interactions with a perturber and facilitate the calculation for a series. Basis states of the type 3s nf, pd, df, and pg were included. Excellent agreement was achieved with the statistically weighted observed energy relative to the ionization limit, except in the vicinity of the perturber. These calculations are compared with MQDT results of other authors
Schunck, N.; Dobaczewski, J.; McDonnell, J.; Satuła, W.; Sheikh, J. A.; Staszczak, A.; Stoitsov, M.; Toivanen, P.
2012-01-01
-consistent Hartree-Fock equations, even for heavy nuclei, and for various nucleonic ( n-particle- n-hole) configurations, deformations, excitation energies, or angular momenta. Similarly, Local Density Approximation in the particle-particle channel, which is equivalent to using a zero-range interaction, allows for a simple implementation of pairing effects within the Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov method. Solution method: The program uses the Cartesian harmonic oscillator basis to expand single-particle or single-quasiparticle wave functions of neutrons and protons interacting by means of the Skyrme effective interaction and zero-range pairing interaction. The expansion coefficients are determined by the iterative diagonalization of the mean-field Hamiltonians or Routhians which depend non-linearly on the local neutron and proton densities. Suitable constraints are used to obtain states corresponding to a given configuration, deformation or angular momentum. The method of solution has been presented in: [J. Dobaczewski, J. Dudek, Comput. Phys. Commun. 102 (1997) 166]. Reasons for new version: Version 2.49s of HFODD provides a number of new options such as the isospin mixing and projection of the Skyrme functional, the finite-temperature HF and HFB formalism and optimized methods to perform multi-constrained calculations. It is also the first version of HFODD to contain threading and parallel capabilities. Summary of revisions: Isospin mixing and projection of the HF states has been implemented. The finite-temperature formalism for the HFB equations has been implemented. The Lipkin translational energy correction method has been implemented. Calculation of the shell correction has been implemented. The two-basis method for the solution to the HFB equations has been implemented. The Augmented Lagrangian Method (ALM) for calculations with multiple constraints has been implemented. The linear constraint method based on the cranking approximation of the RPA matrix has been implemented. An
Winter, N. W.; Goddard, W. A., III; Bender, C. F.
1975-01-01
Simple orbital ideas are used to describe the lowest two states of the peroxyformyl radical, and ab initio Hartree-Fock calculations in these states are reported. It is found that both states may be formed exothermically by association of O2 and HCO in their ground states; however, the excited state may decompose readily to OH and CO2. The possible role of such processes in oxidation of aldelydes is discussed.
Optical interference with noncoherent states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sagi, Yoav; Firstenberg, Ofer; Fisher, Amnon; Ron, Amiram
2003-01-01
We examine a typical two-source optical interference apparatus consisting of two cavities, a beam splitter, and two detectors. We show that field-field interference occurs even when the cavities are not initially in coherent states but rather in other nonclassical states. However, we find that the visibility of the second-order interference, that is, the expectation values of the detectors' readings, changes from 100%, when the cavities are prepared in coherent states, to zero visibility when they are initially in single Fock states. We calculate the fourth-order interference, and for the latter case find that it corresponds to a case where the currents oscillate with 100% visibility, but with a random phase for every experiment. Finally, we suggest an experimental realization of the apparatus with nonclassical sources
Excited states of open strings from N=4 SYM
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dzienkowski, Eric
2015-01-01
We continue the analysis of building open strings stretched between giant gravitons from N=4 SYM by going to second order in perturbation theory using the three-loop dilatation generator from the field theory. In the process we build a Fock-like space of states using Cuntz oscillators which can be used to access the excited open string states. We find a remarkable cancellation among the excited states that shows the ground state energy is consistent with a fully relativistic dispersion relation.
Todorov, P.D.; Jenneskens, L.W.; van Lenthe, J.H.
2010-01-01
The molecular geometry and the normal modes properties of coronene are investigated by means of DFT B3LYP and restricted/Hartree–Fock calculations utilizing basis sets of triple zeta +polarization quality. The interpretation of the infrared and Raman spectra of coronene, especially in solid state,
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Fan Hongyi; Lu Hailiang; Xu Xuefen
2006-01-01
We introduce the bipartite entangled states to present a quantum mechanical version of complex wavelet transform. Using the technique of integral within an ordered product of operators we show that the complex wavelet transform can be studied in terms of various quantum state vectors in two-mode Fock space. In this way the creterion for mother wavelet can be examined quantum-mechanically and therefore more deeply.
Stoitsov, M. V.; Schunck, N.; Kortelainen, M.; Michel, N.; Nam, H.; Olsen, E.; Sarich, J.; Wild, S.
2013-06-01
We describe the new version 2.00d of the code HFBTHO that solves the nuclear Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (HF) or Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) problem by using the cylindrical transformed deformed harmonic oscillator basis. In the new version, we have implemented the following features: (i) the modified Broyden method for non-linear problems, (ii) optional breaking of reflection symmetry, (iii) calculation of axial multipole moments, (iv) finite temperature formalism for the HFB method, (v) linear constraint method based on the approximation of the Random Phase Approximation (RPA) matrix for multi-constraint calculations, (vi) blocking of quasi-particles in the Equal Filling Approximation (EFA), (vii) framework for generalized energy density with arbitrary density-dependences, and (viii) shared memory parallelism via OpenMP pragmas. Program summaryProgram title: HFBTHO v2.00d Catalog identifier: ADUI_v2_0 Program summary URL:http://cpc.cs.qub.ac.uk/summaries/ADUI_v2_0.html Program obtainable from: CPC Program Library, Queen's University, Belfast, N. Ireland Licensing provisions: GNU General Public License version 3 No. of lines in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 167228 No. of bytes in distributed program, including test data, etc.: 2672156 Distribution format: tar.gz Programming language: FORTRAN-95. Computer: Intel Pentium-III, Intel Xeon, AMD-Athlon, AMD-Opteron, Cray XT5, Cray XE6. Operating system: UNIX, LINUX, WindowsXP. RAM: 200 Mwords Word size: 8 bits Classification: 17.22. Does the new version supercede the previous version?: Yes Catalog identifier of previous version: ADUI_v1_0 Journal reference of previous version: Comput. Phys. Comm. 167 (2005) 43 Nature of problem: The solution of self-consistent mean-field equations for weakly-bound paired nuclei requires a correct description of the asymptotic properties of nuclear quasi-particle wave functions. In the present implementation, this is achieved by using the single-particle wave functions
Schroedinger cat states and multilevel atoms
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Shore, B.W.; Knight, P.L.
1993-01-01
We demonstrate that the generalization of the two-level Jaynes-Cummings model (JCM) to an N-level atom leads to the creation of up to N macroscopically distinct field states. These field states are Schmidt-orthogonalized superpositions of Fock states. They correspond to macroscopic states of the field, attainable with large mean photon numbers. Unlike the situation with a two-level atom and a coherent-state field, which evolves into a macroscopic coherent superposition state (a Schrodinger cat), we find that when the additional levels participate strongly in the excitation (e.g all transitions are resonant with equal dipole moments) then the system does not evolve into a pure state. We will present some examples of special cases, giving insight into the behavior of three-level atoms and the two-level two-photon JCM
Calculations of core-excited states in Li
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Verbockhaven, G.; Hansen, J.E.
1999-01-01
We report on progress in the calculation of three-electron states making use of B-spline basis sets. In particular we discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using a Hartree-Fock basis (expanded in B-splines) compared to the use of hydrogenic basis states. Preliminary results are presented for the 2 S terms in Li below the 1s2s 3 S limit at 64.4 eV. The 2 S terms have been studied less extensively than other core-excited states in Li. In this particular case the choice of basis has a large influence on the quality of the results. (orig.)
Rodríguez-Sánchez, Jose Luis; David, Jean-Christophe; Mancusi, Davide; Boudard, Alain; Cugnon, Joseph; Leray, Sylvie
2017-11-01
The prediction of one-nucleon-removal cross sections by the Liège intranuclear-cascade model has been improved using a refined description of the matter and energy densities in the nuclear surface. Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov calculations with the Skyrme interaction are used to obtain a more realistic description of the radial-density distributions of protons and neutrons, as well as the excitation-energy uncorrelation at the nuclear surface due to quantum effects and short-range correlations. The results are compared with experimental data covering a large range of nuclei, from carbon to uranium, and projectile kinetic energies. We find that the new approach is in good agreement with experimental data of one-nucleon-removal cross sections covering a broad range in nuclei and energies. The new ingredients also improve the description of total reaction cross sections induced by protons at low energies, the production cross sections of heaviest residues close to the projectile, and the triple-differential cross sections for one-proton removal. However, other observables such as quadruple-differential cross sections of coincident protons do not present any sizable sensitivity to the new approach. Finally, the model is also tested for light-ion-induced reactions. It is shown that the new parameters can give a reasonable description of the nucleus-nucleus total reaction cross sections at high energies.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
H. Mariji
2016-01-01
Full Text Available The nucleon single-particle energies (SPEs of the selected nuclei, that is, O16, Ca40, and Ni56, are obtained by using the diagonal matrix elements of two-body effective interaction, which generated through the lowest-order constrained variational (LOCV calculations for the symmetric nuclear matter with the Aυ18 phenomenological nucleon-nucleon potential. The SPEs at the major levels of nuclei are calculated by employing a Hartree-Fock inspired scheme in the spherical harmonic oscillator basis. In the scheme, the correlation influences are taken into account by imposing the nucleon effective mass factor on the radial wave functions of the major levels. Replacing the density-dependent one-body momentum distribution functions of nucleons, n(k,ρ, with the Heaviside functions, the role of n(k,ρ in the nucleon SPEs at the major levels of the selected closed shell nuclei is investigated. The best fit of spin-orbit splitting is taken into account when correcting the major levels of the nuclei by using the parameterized Wood-Saxon potential and the Aυ18 density-dependent mean field potential which is constructed by the LOCV method. Considering the point-like protons in the spherical Coulomb potential well, the single-proton energies are corrected. The results show the importance of including n(k,ρ, instead of the Heaviside functions, in the calculation of nucleon SPEs at the different levels, particularly the valence levels, of the closed shell nuclei.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Rodriguez-Bautista, Mariano; Díaz-García, Cecilia; Navarrete-López, Alejandra M.; Vargas, Rubicelia; Garza, Jorge, E-mail: jgo@xanum.uam.mx [Departamento de Química, División de Ciencias Básicas e Ingeniería, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, San Rafael Atlixco 186, Col. Vicentina, Iztapalapa C. P. 09340, México D. F., México (Mexico)
2015-07-21
In this report, we use a new basis set for Hartree-Fock calculations related to many-electron atoms confined by soft walls. One- and two-electron integrals were programmed in a code based in parallel programming techniques. The results obtained with this proposal for hydrogen and helium atoms were contrasted with other proposals to study just one and two electron confined atoms, where we have reproduced or improved the results previously reported. Usually, an atom enclosed by hard walls has been used as a model to study confinement effects on orbital energies, the main conclusion reached by this model is that orbital energies always go up when the confinement radius is reduced. However, such an observation is not necessarily valid for atoms confined by penetrable walls. The main reason behind this result is that for atoms with large polarizability, like beryllium or potassium, external orbitals are delocalized when the confinement is imposed and consequently, the internal orbitals behave as if they were in an ionized atom. Naturally, the shell structure of these atoms is modified drastically when they are confined. The delocalization was an argument proposed for atoms confined by hard walls, but it was never verified. In this work, the confinement imposed by soft walls allows to analyze the delocalization concept in many-electron atoms.
Rodriguez-Bautista, Mariano; Díaz-García, Cecilia; Navarrete-López, Alejandra M; Vargas, Rubicelia; Garza, Jorge
2015-07-21
In this report, we use a new basis set for Hartree-Fock calculations related to many-electron atoms confined by soft walls. One- and two-electron integrals were programmed in a code based in parallel programming techniques. The results obtained with this proposal for hydrogen and helium atoms were contrasted with other proposals to study just one and two electron confined atoms, where we have reproduced or improved the results previously reported. Usually, an atom enclosed by hard walls has been used as a model to study confinement effects on orbital energies, the main conclusion reached by this model is that orbital energies always go up when the confinement radius is reduced. However, such an observation is not necessarily valid for atoms confined by penetrable walls. The main reason behind this result is that for atoms with large polarizability, like beryllium or potassium, external orbitals are delocalized when the confinement is imposed and consequently, the internal orbitals behave as if they were in an ionized atom. Naturally, the shell structure of these atoms is modified drastically when they are confined. The delocalization was an argument proposed for atoms confined by hard walls, but it was never verified. In this work, the confinement imposed by soft walls allows to analyze the delocalization concept in many-electron atoms.
Hesselmann, Andreas; Görling, Andreas
2011-01-21
A recently introduced time-dependent exact-exchange (TDEXX) method, i.e., a response method based on time-dependent density-functional theory that treats the frequency-dependent exchange kernel exactly, is reformulated. In the reformulated version of the TDEXX method electronic excitation energies can be calculated by solving a linear generalized eigenvalue problem while in the original version of the TDEXX method a laborious frequency iteration is required in the calculation of each excitation energy. The lowest eigenvalues of the new TDEXX eigenvalue equation corresponding to the lowest excitation energies can be efficiently obtained by, e.g., a version of the Davidson algorithm appropriate for generalized eigenvalue problems. Alternatively, with the help of a series expansion of the new TDEXX eigenvalue equation, standard eigensolvers for large regular eigenvalue problems, e.g., the standard Davidson algorithm, can be used to efficiently calculate the lowest excitation energies. With the help of the series expansion as well, the relation between the TDEXX method and time-dependent Hartree-Fock is analyzed. Several ways to take into account correlation in addition to the exact treatment of exchange in the TDEXX method are discussed, e.g., a scaling of the Kohn-Sham eigenvalues, the inclusion of (semi)local approximate correlation potentials, or hybrids of the exact-exchange kernel with kernels within the adiabatic local density approximation. The lowest lying excitations of the molecules ethylene, acetaldehyde, and pyridine are considered as examples.
Song, Jong-Won; Hirao, Kimihiko
2015-10-14
Since the advent of hybrid functional in 1993, it has become a main quantum chemical tool for the calculation of energies and properties of molecular systems. Following the introduction of long-range corrected hybrid scheme for density functional theory a decade later, the applicability of the hybrid functional has been further amplified due to the resulting increased performance on orbital energy, excitation energy, non-linear optical property, barrier height, and so on. Nevertheless, the high cost associated with the evaluation of Hartree-Fock (HF) exchange integrals remains a bottleneck for the broader and more active applications of hybrid functionals to large molecular and periodic systems. Here, we propose a very simple yet efficient method for the computation of long-range corrected hybrid scheme. It uses a modified two-Gaussian attenuating operator instead of the error function for the long-range HF exchange integral. As a result, the two-Gaussian HF operator, which mimics the shape of the error function operator, reduces computational time dramatically (e.g., about 14 times acceleration in C diamond calculation using periodic boundary condition) and enables lower scaling with system size, while maintaining the improved features of the long-range corrected density functional theory.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Villars, F.
1975-01-01
The objective of the work is to draw attention to the essential equivalence of the two apparently quite distinct ways of describing nuclear collective dyanmics, the adiabatic time-dependent Hartree-Fock method (ADTHF) on the one hand, and the Generator Coordinate (GC) method on the other hand. To demonstrate this relation, an analysis of the simplest case, in which collective motion is described by a single collective para- meter q(t) is presented. In the ATDHF approach, two self-consistency conditions are obtained; the resultant expressions for the collective potential and kinetic energies represent a special case of the more general results of Baranger and Veneroni. In the G.C. approach to the same system (with the same collective parameter q), the narrow overlap approximation must be made, as the counterpart of the adiabatic approximation in the TDHF method. In its conventional form, the G.C. method leads to a different expression for the collective kinetic energy. It is shown however, that a simple generalization of the G.C.-wave function leads to corrections determined by a variational principle. In leading order, the corrected expression for the collective kinetic energy is identical with the TDHF result In both cases, the collective inertia is determined by a self-consistent cranking formula
López-Quelle, M.; Marcos, S.; Niembro, R.; Savushkin, L. N.
2018-03-01
Within a nonlinear relativistic Hartree-Fock approximation combined with the BCS method, we study the effect of the nucleon-nucleon tensor force of the π-exchange potential on the spin- and pseudospin-orbit doublets along the Ca and Sn isotopic chains. We show how the self-consistent tensor force effect modifies the splitting of both kinds of doublets in an interdependent form, leading, quite generally, to opposite effects in the accomplishment of the spin and pseudospin symmetries (the one is restored, the other one deteriorates and vice versa). The ordering of the single-particle energy levels is crucial to this respect. Also, we observe a mutual dependence on the evolution of the shell closure gap Z = 50 and the energy band outside the core, along the Sn chain, as due to the tensor force. In fact, when the shell gap is quenched the outside energy band is enlarged, and vice versa. A reduction of the strength of the pion tensor force with respect to its experimental value from the nucleon-nucleon scattering is needed to get results closer to the experiment. Pairing correlations act to some extent in the opposite direction of the tensor term of the one-pion-exchange force.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sadlej, A.J.
1980-01-01
The problem of the most efficient perturbation calculation of the correlation contributions to atomic and molecular properties is discussed. The method which is based on the coupled Hartree-Fock (CHF) perturbation theory appears to be the most promising one. The CHF-based perturbation theory of correlation effects is applied to the calculation of the second-order correlation contributions to the electric dipole polarizabilities of He, Be and Ne. The numerical approach employed in this paper consists in computing first the electric-field-dependent SCF functions. Then, the field dependent second-order correlation energy is calculated. The electric dipole polarizabilities, accurate through the second-order in correlation, are obtained via the numerical differentiation of the field-dependent energies with respect to the external electric field strength. In order to avoid the use of very large basis sets the so-called electric-field-variant (EFV) orbitals are employed in the present study. The CHF results obtained in this paper are of the same accuracy as the best literature data. In addition of the second-order correlation correction the final values of the electric dipole polarizability differ from the accurate or experimental results by less than a few per cent. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Griffin, J.J.; Lichtner, P.C.; Dworzecka, M.; Kan, K.K.
1979-01-01
It is suggested that the TDHF method be viewed, not as an approximation to but as a model of the exact Schroedinger system; that is, as a gedanken many-body experiment whose analysis with digital computers provides data worthy in itself of theoretical study. From such a viewpoint attention is focused on the structural analogies of the TDHF system with the exact theory rather than upon its quantitative equivalence, and the TDHF many-body system is studied as a challenge of its own which, although much simpler than the realistic problem, may still offer complexity enough to educate theorists in the present state of knowledge. In this spirit, the TDHF description of continuum reactions can be restructured from an initial-value problem into a form analogous to the S-matrix version of the Schroedinger theory. The resulting TD-S-HF theory involves only self-consistent single determinantal solutions of the TDHF equations and invokes time averaging to obtain a consistent interpretation of the TDHF analogs of quantities which are constant in the exact theory, such as the S-matrix and the asymptotic reaction channel characteristics. Periodic solutions then play the role of stationary eigenstates in the construction of suitable asymptotic reaction channels. If these periodic channel states occur only at discrete energies, then the resulting channels are mutually orthogonal (on the time average) and the theory exhibits a structure fully analogous to the exact theory. In certain special cases where the periodic solutions are known to occur as an energy continuum, the requirement that the periodicity of the channel solutions be gauge invariant provides a natural requantization condition which (suggestively) turns out to be identical with the Bohr-Sommerfeld quantization rule. 11 references
Workshop on Squeezed States and Uncertainty Relations
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Han, D.; Kim, Y.S.; Zachary, W.W.
1992-02-01
The proceedings from the workshop are presented, and the focus was on the application of squeezed states. There are many who say that the potential for industrial applications is enormous, as the history of the conventional laser suggests. All those who worked so hard to produce squeezed states of light are continuing their efforts to construct more efficient squeezed-state lasers. Quite naturally, they are looking for new experiments using these lasers. The physical basis of squeezed states is the uncertainty relation in Fock space, which is also the basis for the creation and annihilation of particles in quantum field theory. Indeed, squeezed states provide a unique opportunity for field theoreticians to develop a measurement theory for quantum field theory
Propofol Infusion Syndrome Heralded by ECG Changes
Mijzen, Elsbeth J.; Jacobs, Bram; Aslan, Adnan; Rodgers, Michael G. G.
2012-01-01
Propofol infusion syndrome (PRIS) is well known, often associated with, lethal complication of sedation with propofol. PRIS seems to be associated with young age, traumatic brain injury (TBI), higher cumulative doses of propofol, and the concomitant use of catecholamines. Known manifestations of
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schmid, K.W.; Gruemmer, F.
1979-01-01
A variational principle is used to determine the optimal angular momentum projected one determinant approach to the N-nucleon yrast-wave function for a given total spin value. The solution is given in terms of a set of coupled nonlinear equations. Besides an orthonormality constraint for the occupied orbits and a normalization conditions for the total wave function, this set consists out of a matrix equation taking care of the fact that the spin-projected wave function does not depend on the orientation of the intrinsic determinant it is based on, and a second subset of equations, which can be considered as a Thouless theorem for the spin-projected N-nucleon state, and desribes the diagonalization of the total Hamiltonian in the subspace of linear independent N-nucleon shell model configurations contained in the test-determinant. Furthermore, a numerical method for the solution of these equations is proposed and an extension of the theory for the description of excited bands is given. Finally, the consistency of the equations is checked by solving them for a simple example analytically. (orig.)
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Lara-Castells, María Pilar de, E-mail: Pilar.deLara.Castells@csic.es [Instituto de Física Fundamental (CSIC), Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Fernández-Perea, Ricardo [Instituto de Estructura de la Materia (CSIC), Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Madzharova, Fani; Voloshina, Elena, E-mail: elena.voloshina@hu-berlin.de [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Chemie, Unter den Linden 6, 10099 Berlin (Germany)
2016-06-28
The adsorption of noble gases on metallic surfaces represents a paradigmatic case of van-der-Waals (vdW) interaction due to the role of screening effects on the corrugation of the interaction potential [J. L. F. Da Silva et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 066104 (2003)]. The extremely small adsorption energy of He atoms on the Mg(0001) surface (below 3 meV) and the delocalized nature and mobility of the surface electrons make the He/Mg(0001) system particularly challenging, even for state-of-the-art vdW-corrected density functional-based (vdW-DFT) approaches [M. P. de Lara-Castells et al., J. Chem. Phys. 143, 194701 (2015)]. In this work, we meet this challenge by applying two different procedures. First, the dispersion-corrected second-order Möller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2C) approach is adopted, using bare metal clusters of increasing size. Second, the method of increments [H. Stoll, J. Chem. Phys. 97, 8449 (1992)] is applied at coupled cluster singles and doubles and perturbative triples level, using embedded cluster models of the metal surface. Both approaches provide clear evidences of the anti-corrugation of the interaction potential: the He atom prefers on-top sites, instead of the expected hollow sites. This is interpreted as a signature of the screening of the He atom by the metal for the on-top configuration. The strong screening in the metal is clearly reflected in the relative contribution of successively deeper surface layers to the main dispersion contribution. Aimed to assist future dynamical simulations, a pairwise potential model for the He/surface interaction as a sum of effective He–Mg pair potentials is also presented, as an improvement of the approximation using isolated He–Mg pairs.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Becker, R.L.; Svenne, J.P.
1975-12-01
Energy levels of states connected by a symmetry of the Hamiltonian normally should be degenerate. In self-consistent field theories, when only one of a pair of single-particle levels connected by a symmetry of the full Hamiltonian is occupied, the degeneracy is split and the unoccupied level often lies below the occupied one. Inversions of neutron-proton (charge) and time-reversal doublets in odd nuclei, charge doublets in even nuclei with a neutron excess, and spin-orbit doublets in spherical configurations with spin-unsaturated shells are examined. The origin of the level inversion is investigated, and the following explanation offered. Unoccupied single-particle levels, from a calculation in an A-particle system, should be interpreted as levels of the (A + 1)-particle system. When the symmetry-related level, occupied in the A-particle system, is also calculated in the (A + 1)-particle system it is degenerate with or lies lower than the other. That is, when both levels are calculated in the (A + 1)-particle system, they are not inverted. It is demonstrated that the usual prescription to occupy the lowest-lying orbitals should be modified to refer to the single-particle energies calculated in the (A + 1)- or the (A - 1)-particle system. This observation is shown to provide a justification for avoiding an oscillation of occupancy between symmetry-related partners in successive iterations leading to a self-consistency. It is pointed out that two degenerate determinants arise from occupying one or the other partner of an initially degenerate pair of levels and then iterating to self-consistency. The existence of the degenerate determinants indicates the need for introducing correlations, either by mixing the two configurations or by allowing additional symmetry-breaking (resulting in a more highly deformed non-degenerate configuration). 2 figures, 3 tables, 43 references
Arslan, Hakan; Mansuroglu, Demet Sezgin; VanDerveer, Don; Binzet, Gun
2009-04-01
N-(2,2-Diphenylacetyl)- N'-(naphthalen-1yl)-thiourea (PANT) has been synthesized and characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectroscopy and 1H NMR spectroscopy. The crystal and molecular structure of the title compound has been determined from single crystal X-ray diffraction data. It crystallizes in the triclinic space group P-1, Z = 2 with a = 10.284(2) Å, b = 10.790(2) Å, c = 11.305(2) Å, α = 64.92(3)°, β = 89.88(3)°, γ = 62.99(3)°, V = 983.7(3) Å 3 and Dcalc = 1.339 Mg/m 3. The molecular structure, vibrational frequencies and infrared intensities of PANT were calculated by the Hartree-Fock and density functional theory methods (BLYP and B3LYP) using the 6-31G* basis set. The calculated geometric parameters were compared to the corresponding X-ray structure of the title compound. We obtained 22 stable conformers for the title compound; however Conformer 1 is approximately 9.53 kcal/mol more stable than Conformer 22. The comparison of the theoretical and experimental geometry of the title compound shows that the X-ray parameters fairly well reproduce the geometry of Conformer 17. The harmonic vibrations computed for this compound by the B3LYP/6-31G* method are in good agreement with the observed IR spectral data. Theoretical vibrational spectra of the title compound were interpreted by means of PEDs using the VEDA 4 program. A general better performance of the investigated methods was calculated by PAVF 1.0 program.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dagens, L.
1975-01-01
The neutral atom method is generalized in order to deal with a Hartree-Fock nonlocal ionic potential. It is used to test the following metal potential, based upon a theoretical analysis due to Hedin and Lundquist. The true HF potential is used to describe the ionic part and a simple local density scheme (the Gaspar-Kohn-Sham approximation) is used for the valence part. The method is first applied to the calculation of the rigid neutral atom valence density of a few simple metals and the corresponding form factor n(q). The choice of the ionic potential (HF or GKS) is found to have a small but significant effect as far as n(q) is concerned. A comparison with experiment is made for Al and Be, using the available X-rays structure factor measurements. Good agreement is obtained for Al with the recent results of Raccah and Heinrich. No agreement is obtained with the Be results of Brown, although the general behavior of the observed and theoretical n(g) as function of g (reciprocal vector length) are found to be quite similar. The binding energy is calculated for Li, Be, Na, Mg and Al, using the Nozieres-Pines formula for the valence-valence correlation energy. The agreement with observed values is improved considerably when the present (HF+GKS) scheme is used, instead of the HFS completely local density scheme used in a previous work. The remaining discrepancies may be ascribed to the inaccuracy of the NP formula and to the neglect of the whole valence-core correlation energy [fr
Production of number states of the electomagnetic field
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Cummings, F.W.; Rajagopal, A.K.
1989-04-01
It has been demonstrated recently that it is possible to generate a pure number state, or Fock state, of the electromagnetic field in a resonant cavity when a ''micromaser'' is operated under the appropriate conditions. This prospect is examined here by a direct analysis of the equation for the density-matrix-governing operation of the lossless micromaser, without having to solve the equation or perform numerical analyses. This model micromaser affords a unique example of an open quantum system whose von Neumann entropy may increase at first, but must subsequently vanish.
Electron impact excitation of xenon from the metastable state to the excited states
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Jiang Jun; Dong Chenzhong; Xie Luyou; Zhou Xiaoxin [College of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Northwest Normal University, Lanzhou 730070 (China); Wang Jianguo [Institute of Applied Physics and Computational Mathematic, Beijing 100088 (China)], E-mail: dongcz@nwnu.edu.cn
2008-12-28
The electron impact excitation cross sections from the lowest metastable state 5p{sup 5}6sJ = 2 to the six lowest excited states of the 5p{sup 5}6p configuration of xenon are calculated systematically by using the fully relativistic distorted wave method. In order to discuss the effects of target state descriptions on the electron impact excitation cross sections, two correlation models are used to describe the target states based on the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) method. It is found that the correlation effects play a very important role in low energy impact. For high energy impact, however, the cross sections are not sensitive to the description of the target states, but many more partial waves must be included.
Taşal, Erol; Kumalar, Mustafa
2012-09-01
In this work, the experimental and theoretical spectra of 5-chloro-3-(2-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-2-oxoethyl)benzo[d]thiazol-2(3H)-one molecule (abbreviated as 5CMOT) are studied. The molecular geometry and vibrational frequencies are calculated in the ground state of molecule using ab initio Hartree-Fock (HF) and Density Function Theory (DFT) methods with 6-311++G(d,p), 6-31G++(d,p), 6-31G(d,p), 6-31G(d) and 6-31G basis sets. Three staggered stable conformers were observed on the torsional potential energy surfaces. The complete assignments were performed on the basis of the total energy distribution (TED) of the vibrational modes calculated. The comparison of the theoretical and experimental geometries of the title compound indicated that the X-ray parameters fairly well agree with the theoretically obtained values for the most stable conformer. The theoretical results showed an excellent agreement with the experimental values. The calculated HOMO and LUMO energies show that the charge transfer occurs within the molecule. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Correlated ground state and E2 giant resonance built on it
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tohyama, Mitsuru
1995-01-01
Taking 16 O as an example of realistic nuclei, we demonstrate that a correlated ground state can be obtained as a long time solution of a time-dependent density-matrix formalism (TDDM) when the residual interaction is adiabatically treated. We also study in TDDM the E2 giant resonance of 16 O built on the correlated ground state and compare it with that built on the Hartree-Fock ground state. It is found that a spurious mixing of low frequency components seen in the latter is eliminated by using the correlated ground state. (author)
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Flocard, H.
1975-04-01
Hartree-Fock results concerning the ground state properties of some S-D shell nuclei are discussed. Two different Skyrme interactions have been used. They both lead to good agreement with the experimental total binding energies, charge radii and multipole moments. In particular the observed prolate-oblate transitions occuring in the S-D shell are reproduced. The calculated spectroscopic factors are also shown to be consistent with experimental data [fr
Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)
FAN Hong-Yi
2002-01-01
We show that the Wigner function W = Tr(△ρ) (an ensemble average of the density operator ρ, △ is theWigner operator) can be expressed as a matrix element of ρ in the entangled pure states. In doing so, converting fromquantum master equations to time-evolution equation of the Wigner functions seems direct and concise. The entangledstates are defined in the enlarged Fock space with a fictitious freedom.
The hyperfine structure constants for the 4s24p and 4s25s states of Ga
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Wang Qingmin; Dong Chenzhong
2012-01-01
The hyperfine structure (hfs) constants for the states 4s 2 4p 2 P 1/2,3/2 and 4s 2 5s 2 S 1/2 of 71 Ga were calculated using the GRASP2K package based on the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) method. The results indicated that the core polarization effect was important for the hyperfine structure constants. (authors)
q-deformed charged fermion coherent states and SU(3) charged, Hyper-charged fermion coherent states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Hao Sanru; Li Guanghua; Long Junyan
1994-01-01
By virtue of the algebra of the q-deformed fermion oscillators, the q-deformed charged fermion coherent states and SU(3) charged, hyper-charged fermion coherent states are discussed. The explicit forms of the two kinds of coherent states mentioned above are obtained by making use of the completeness of base vectors in the q-fermion Fock space. By comparing the q-deformed results with the ordinary results, it is found that the q-deformed charged fermion coherent states and SU(3) charged, hyper-charged fermion coherent states are automatically reduced to the ordinary charged fermion coherent states and SU(3) charged hyper-charged fermion coherent states if the deformed parameter q→1
Boris B. Mongush
2016-01-01
The article examines the constituent elements of the state emblem of the People’s Republic of Tuva (in its 1935/1939 version). We view state emblems as a special type of historical source where constituent emblems and elements are, in fact, reflections of a certain worldview. Emblems of the People’s Republic of Tuva (PRT) originally were full of Buddhist religious symbolism, but in the course of time it switched over to representing the dominance of the Soviet heraldic symbolism. Among the...
Inequivalent coherent state representations in group field theory
Kegeles, Alexander; Oriti, Daniele; Tomlin, Casey
2018-06-01
In this paper we propose an algebraic formulation of group field theory and consider non-Fock representations based on coherent states. We show that we can construct representations with an infinite number of degrees of freedom on compact manifolds. We also show that these representations break translation symmetry. Since such representations can be regarded as quantum gravitational systems with an infinite number of fundamental pre-geometric building blocks, they may be more suitable for the description of effective geometrical phases of the theory.
Approximate angular momentum projection from cranked intrinsic states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Goodman, A.L.
1979-01-01
High-spin spectra are determined by approximately projecting states of good angular momentum from cranked Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (CHFB) wave functions. For each J the projected energy is E/sub PROJ/ approx. = E/sub CHFB/ - (ΔJ) 2 /2 J/sub CHFB/, where the moment of inertia J and the fluctuation ΔJ are spin dependent. For /sup 168,170/Yb and 174 Hf the projected J is less than the CHFB value for all J. Consequently approximate projection increases all yrast excitation energies for these nuclei
Electron momentum spectroscopy of the core state of solid carbon
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Caprari, R.S.; Clark, S.A.C.; McCarthy, I.E.; Storer, P.J.; Vos, M.; Weigold, E.
1994-08-01
Electron momentum spectroscopy (binary encounter (e,2e)) experimental results are presented for the core state of an amorphous carbon allotrope. The (e,2e) cross section has two identifiable regions. One is a narrow energy width 'core band peak' that does not disperse with momentum. At higher binding energies there is an energy diffuse 'multiple scattering continuum', which is a consequence of (e,2e) collisions with core electrons that are accompanied by inelastic scattering of one or more of the incoming or outgoing electrons. Comparisons of experimental momentum distributions with the Hartree-Fock atomic carbon ls orbital are presented for both regions. 16 refs., 4 figs
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Schunck, Nicolas F.; McDonnell, J.; Sheikh, J.A.; Staszczak, A.; Stoitsov, Mario; Dobaczewski, J.; Toivanen, P.
2012-01-01
We describe the new version (v2.49t) of the code HFODD which solves the nuclear Skyrme Hartree-Fock (HF) or Skyrme Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov (HFB) problem by using the Cartesian deformed harmonic-oscillator basis. In the new version, we have implemented the following physics features: (i) the isospin mixing and projection, (ii) the finite temperature formalism for the HFB and HF+BCS methods, (iii) the Lipkin translational energy correction method, (iv) the calculation of the shell correction. A number of specific numerical methods have also been implemented in order to deal with large-scale multi-constraint calculations and hardware limitations: (i) the two-basis method for the HFB method, (ii) the Augmented Lagrangian Method (ALM) for multi-constraint calculations, (iii) the linear constraint method based on the approximation of the RPA matrix for multi-constraint calculations, (iv) an interface with the axial and parity-conserving Skyrme-HFB code HFBTHO, (v) the mixing of the HF or HFB matrix elements instead of the HF fields. Special care has been paid to using the code on massively parallel leadership class computers. For this purpose, the following features are now available with this version: (i) the Message Passing Interface (MPI) framework, (ii) scalable input data routines, (iii) multi-threading via OpenMP pragmas, (iv) parallel diagonalization of the HFB matrix in the simplex breaking case using the ScaLAPACK library. Finally, several little significant errors of the previous published version were corrected.
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Kedziora David J.
2011-10-01
Full Text Available Collisions of actinide nuclei form, during very short times of few zs (10−21 s, the heaviest ensembles of interacting nucleons available on Earth. Such collisions are used to produce super-strong electric ﬁelds by the huge number of interacting protons to test spontaneous positron-electron pair emission (vacuum decay predicted by the quantum electrodynamics (QED theory. Multi-nucleon transfer in actinide collisions could also be used as an alternative way to fusion in order to produce neutron-rich heavy and superheavy elements thanks to inverse quasiﬁssion mechanisms. Actinide collisions are studied in a dynamical quantum microscopic approach. The three-dimensional time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TDHF code tdhf3d is used with a full Skyrme energy density functional to investigate the time evolution of expectation values of one-body operators, such as fragment position and particle number. This code is also used to compute the dispersion of the particle numbers (e.g., widths of fragment mass and charge distributions from TDHF transfer probabilities, on the one hand, and using the BalianVeneroni variational principle, on the other hand. A ﬁrst application to test QED is discussed. Collision times in 238U+238U are computed to determine the optimum energy for the observation of the vacuum decay. It is shown that the initial orientation strongly affects the collision times and reaction mechanism. The highest collision times predicted by TDHF in this reaction are of the order of ~ 4 zs at a center of mass energy of 1200 MeV. According to modern calculations based on the Dirac equation, the collision times at Ecm > 1 GeV are suﬃcient to allow spontaneous electron-positron pair emission from QED vacuum decay, in case of bare uranium ion collision. A second application of actinide collisions to produce neutron-rich transfermiums is discussed. A new inverse quasiﬁssion mechanism associated to a speciﬁc orientation of the nuclei is proposed to
Kruse, Holger; Grimme, Stefan
2012-04-21
A semi-empirical counterpoise-type correction for basis set superposition error (BSSE) in molecular systems is presented. An atom pair-wise potential corrects for the inter- and intra-molecular BSSE in supermolecular Hartree-Fock (HF) or density functional theory (DFT) calculations. This geometrical counterpoise (gCP) denoted scheme depends only on the molecular geometry, i.e., no input from the electronic wave-function is required and hence is applicable to molecules with ten thousands of atoms. The four necessary parameters have been determined by a fit to standard Boys and Bernadi counterpoise corrections for Hobza's S66×8 set of non-covalently bound complexes (528 data points). The method's target are small basis sets (e.g., minimal, split-valence, 6-31G*), but reliable results are also obtained for larger triple-ζ sets. The intermolecular BSSE is calculated by gCP within a typical error of 10%-30% that proves sufficient in many practical applications. The approach is suggested as a quantitative correction in production work and can also be routinely applied to estimate the magnitude of the BSSE beforehand. The applicability for biomolecules as the primary target is tested for the crambin protein, where gCP removes intramolecular BSSE effectively and yields conformational energies comparable to def2-TZVP basis results. Good mutual agreement is also found with Jensen's ACP(4) scheme, estimating the intramolecular BSSE in the phenylalanine-glycine-phenylalanine tripeptide, for which also a relaxed rotational energy profile is presented. A variety of minimal and double-ζ basis sets combined with gCP and the dispersion corrections DFT-D3 and DFT-NL are successfully benchmarked on the S22 and S66 sets of non-covalent interactions. Outstanding performance with a mean absolute deviation (MAD) of 0.51 kcal/mol (0.38 kcal/mol after D3-refit) is obtained at the gCP-corrected HF-D3/(minimal basis) level for the S66 benchmark. The gCP-corrected B3LYP-D3/6-31G* model
Kruse, Holger; Grimme, Stefan
2012-04-01
A semi-empirical counterpoise-type correction for basis set superposition error (BSSE) in molecular systems is presented. An atom pair-wise potential corrects for the inter- and intra-molecular BSSE in supermolecular Hartree-Fock (HF) or density functional theory (DFT) calculations. This geometrical counterpoise (gCP) denoted scheme depends only on the molecular geometry, i.e., no input from the electronic wave-function is required and hence is applicable to molecules with ten thousands of atoms. The four necessary parameters have been determined by a fit to standard Boys and Bernadi counterpoise corrections for Hobza's S66×8 set of non-covalently bound complexes (528 data points). The method's target are small basis sets (e.g., minimal, split-valence, 6-31G*), but reliable results are also obtained for larger triple-ζ sets. The intermolecular BSSE is calculated by gCP within a typical error of 10%-30% that proves sufficient in many practical applications. The approach is suggested as a quantitative correction in production work and can also be routinely applied to estimate the magnitude of the BSSE beforehand. The applicability for biomolecules as the primary target is tested for the crambin protein, where gCP removes intramolecular BSSE effectively and yields conformational energies comparable to def2-TZVP basis results. Good mutual agreement is also found with Jensen's ACP(4) scheme, estimating the intramolecular BSSE in the phenylalanine-glycine-phenylalanine tripeptide, for which also a relaxed rotational energy profile is presented. A variety of minimal and double-ζ basis sets combined with gCP and the dispersion corrections DFT-D3 and DFT-NL are successfully benchmarked on the S22 and S66 sets of non-covalent interactions. Outstanding performance with a mean absolute deviation (MAD) of 0.51 kcal/mol (0.38 kcal/mol after D3-refit) is obtained at the gCP-corrected HF-D3/(minimal basis) level for the S66 benchmark. The gCP-corrected B3LYP-D3/6-31G* model
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Granovsky, Alexander A., E-mail: alex.granovsky@gmail.com [Firefly project, Moscow, 117593 Moscow (Russian Federation)
2015-12-21
We present a new, very efficient semi-numerical approach for the computation of state-specific nuclear gradients of a generic state-averaged multi-configuration self consistent field wavefunction. Our approach eliminates the costly coupled-perturbed multi-configuration Hartree-Fock step as well as the associated integral transformation stage. The details of the implementation within the Firefly quantum chemistry package are discussed and several sample applications are given. The new approach is routinely applicable to geometry optimization of molecular systems with 1000+ basis functions using a standalone multi-core workstation.
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Granovsky, Alexander A.
2015-01-01
We present a new, very efficient semi-numerical approach for the computation of state-specific nuclear gradients of a generic state-averaged multi-configuration self consistent field wavefunction. Our approach eliminates the costly coupled-perturbed multi-configuration Hartree-Fock step as well as the associated integral transformation stage. The details of the implementation within the Firefly quantum chemistry package are discussed and several sample applications are given. The new approach is routinely applicable to geometry optimization of molecular systems with 1000+ basis functions using a standalone multi-core workstation
Granovsky, Alexander A
2015-12-21
We present a new, very efficient semi-numerical approach for the computation of state-specific nuclear gradients of a generic state-averaged multi-configuration self consistent field wavefunction. Our approach eliminates the costly coupled-perturbed multi-configuration Hartree-Fock step as well as the associated integral transformation stage. The details of the implementation within the Firefly quantum chemistry package are discussed and several sample applications are given. The new approach is routinely applicable to geometry optimization of molecular systems with 1000+ basis functions using a standalone multi-core workstation.
Shape mixing dynamics in the low-lying states of proton-rich Kr isotopes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sato, Koichi; Hinohara, Nobuo
2011-01-01
We study the oblate-prolate shape mixing in the low-lying states of proton-rich Kr isotopes using the five-dimensional quadrupole collective Hamiltonian. The collective Hamiltonian is derived microscopically by means of the CHFB (constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov) + Local QRPA (quasiparticle random phase approximation) method, which we have developed recently on the basis of the adiabatic self-consistent collective coordinate method. The results of the numerical calculation show the importance of large-amplitude collective vibrations in the triaxial shape degree of freedom and rotational effects on the oblate-prolate shape mixing dynamics in the low-lying states of these isotopes.
Construction of six-quark states from parity eigenfunctions for n-n processes
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Stancu, F.; Wilets, L.
1987-01-01
The work presented is to classify and construct six-quark states as totally antisymmetric states of six fermions, each described by orbital, spin, isospin, and color degrees of freedom. A classification scheme is proposed based on parity eigenfunctions. The single-particle hamiltonian is assumed to be reflectionally and axially symmetric and can be obtained, for example, from constrained Hartree-Fock or solition mean field theories. The ultimate aim is to study N-N processes in the context of the (relativistic) soliton bag model
DEFF Research Database (Denmark)
Nielsen, Anne E. B.; Muschik, Christine A.; Giedke, Geza
2010-01-01
We propose and analyze a multifunctional setup consisting of high-finesse optical cavities, beam splitters, and phase shifters. The basic scheme projects arbitrary photonic two-mode input states onto the subspace spanned by the product of Fock states |n>|n> with n=0,1,2,.... This protocol does no...... is especially attractive as a generalization to many modes allows for distribution and purification of entanglement in networks. In an alternative working mode, the setup allows for quantum nondemolition number resolved photodetection in the optical domain....
Symplectic Group Representation of the Two-Mode Squeezing Operator in the Coherent State Basis
Fan, Hong-Yi; Chen, Jun-Hua
2003-11-01
We find that the coherent state projection operator representation of the two-mode squeezing operator constitutes a loyal group representation of symplectic group, which is a remarkable property of the coherent state. As a consequence, the resultant effect of successively applying two-mode squeezing operators are equivalent to a single squeezing in the two-mode Fock space. Generalization of this property to the 2n-mode case is also discussed. The project supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 10575057
Quantum states and the Hadamard form. III. Constraints in cosmological space-times
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Najmi, A.; Ottewill, A.C.
1985-01-01
We examine the constraints on the construction of Fock spaces for scalar fields in spatially flat Robertson-Walker space-times imposed by requiring that the vacuum state of the theory have a two-point function possessing the Hadamard singularity structure required by standard renormalization theory. It is shown that any such vacuum state must be a second-order adiabatic vacuum. We discuss the global requirements on the two-point function for it to possess the Hadamard form at all times if it possesses it at one time
Non-orthogonal configuration interaction for the calculation of multielectron excited states
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Sundstrom, Eric J., E-mail: eric.jon.sundstrom@berkeley.edu; Head-Gordon, Martin [Department of Chemistry, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California 94720, USA and Chemical Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)
2014-03-21
We apply Non-orthogonal Configuration Interaction (NOCI) to molecular systems where multielectron excitations, in this case double excitations, play a substantial role: the linear polyenes and β-carotene. We demonstrate that NOCI when applied to systems with extended conjugation, provides a qualitatively correct wavefunction at a fraction of the cost of many other multireference treatments. We also present a new extension to this method allowing for purification of higher-order spin states by utilizing Generalized Hartree-Fock Slater determinants and the details for computing 〈S{sup 2}〉 for the ground and excited states.
Rolke, J.; Brion, C. E.
1996-06-01
The spherically averaged momentum profiles for the highest occupied molecular orbitals of PF 3 and P(CH 3) 3 have been obtained by electron momentum spectroscopy. The measurements provide a stringent test of basis set effects and the quality of ab-initio methods in the description of these larger molecular systems. As in previous work on the methyl-substituted amines, intuitive arguments fail to predict the correct amount of s- and p-type contributions to the momentum profile while delocalized molecular orbital concepts provide a more adequate description of the HOMOs. The experimental momentum profiles have been compared with theoretical momentum profiles calculated at the level of the target Hartree-Fock approximation with a range of basis sets. New Hartree-Fock calculations are also presented for the HOMO of PH 3 and compared to previously published experimental and theoretical momentum profiles. The experimental momentum profiles have further been compared to calculations at the level of the target Kohn-Sham approximation using density functional theory with the local density approximation and also with gradient corrected (non-local) exchange correlation potentials. In addition, total energies and dipole moments have been calculated for all three molecules by the various theoretical methods and compared to experimental values. Calculated 'density difference maps' show the regions where the HOMO momentum and position electron densities of PF 3 and P(CH 3) 3 change relative to the corresponding HOMO density of PH 3. The results suggest that methyl groups have an electron-attracting effect (relative to H) on the HOMO charge density in trimethyl phosphines. These conclusions are supported by a consideration of dipole moments and the 31P NMR chemical shifts for PH 3, PF 3 and P(CH 3) 3.
Equation of state of dense baryonic matter
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Weber, F.; Weigel, M.K.
1989-01-01
In a previous investigation we treated nuclear matter as well as neutron matter at zero and finite temperatures in the frame of different relativistic field theoretical models, but with the restriction to nucleons as the only present baryons. This approach is extended by including a larger fraction of baryons and mesons, necessary for a description of baryon matter under extreme conditions. The equation of state (EOS) is calculated in both the Hartree and Hartree-Fock (HF) approximations for dense nuclear as well as neutron matter. Self-interactions of the σ field up to fourth order have been taken into account. For the treatment of many-baryon matter in the HF approach the parameters of the theory had to be readjusted. A phase transition of both many-baryon systems (neutron as well as nuclear matter) in the high-pressure and high-energy-density region has been found. (author)
High and highest spin states in nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ploszajczak, M.
1977-06-01
A study of the following phenomena in rotating nuclei is presented, namely: 1) the destruction of the pair-correlation between the protons and the neutrons as well as decoupling and orientation of the particles along the rotation axis; 2) the formation of a nucleus with axial symmetry rotating around the symmetry axis, caused by the strong centrifugal and Coriolis forces; 3) the shell effects at low angular momentum, which led in some Pb, Hg and Pt isotopes to the formation of a prolate nucleus, rotating around the symmetry axis; 4) the formation of longliving states at very high angular momenta ('Yrast-traps'). At low angular momenta the nucleus is described by the Cranking-Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov theory (CHFB) with the pair-(P), quadrupole-(QQ) and hexade coupole force (HH) as residual interaction. (orig.) [de
Symmetry energy II: Isobaric analog states
Danielewicz, Pawel; Lee, Jenny
2014-02-01
Using excitation energies to isobaric analog states (IAS) and charge invariance, we extract nuclear symmetry coefficients, representing a mass formula, on a nucleus-by-nucleus basis. Consistently with charge invariance, the coefficients vary weakly across an isobaric chain. However, they change strongly with nuclear mass and range from aa˜10 MeV at mass A˜10 to aa˜22 MeV at A˜240. Variation with mass can be understood in terms of dependence of nuclear symmetry energy on density and the rise in importance of low densities within nuclear surface in smaller systems. At A≳30, the dependence of coefficients on mass can be well described in terms of a macroscopic volume-surface competition formula with aaV≃33.2 MeV and aaS≃10.7 MeV. Our further investigation shows, though, that the fitted surface symmetry coefficient likely significantly underestimates that for the limit of half-infinite matter. Following the considerations of a Hohenberg-Kohn functional for nuclear systems, we determine how to find in practice the symmetry coefficient using neutron and proton densities, even when those densities are simultaneously affected by significant symmetry-energy and Coulomb effects. These results facilitate extracting the symmetry coefficients from Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) calculations, that we carry out using a variety of Skyrme parametrizations in the literature. For the parametrizations, we catalog novel short-wavelength instabilities. In our further analysis, we retain only those parametrizations which yield systems that are adequately stable both in the long- and short-wavelength limits. In comparing the SHF and IAS results for the symmetry coefficients, we arrive at narrow (±2.4 MeV) constraints on the symmetry-energy values S(ρ) at 0.04≲ρ≲0.13 fm. Towards normal density the constraints significantly widen, but the normal value of energy aaV and the slope parameter L are found to be strongly correlated. To narrow the constraints, we reach for the
Extended Lagrangian Excited State Molecular Dynamics.
Bjorgaard, J A; Sheppard, D; Tretiak, S; Niklasson, A M N
2018-02-13
An extended Lagrangian framework for excited state molecular dynamics (XL-ESMD) using time-dependent self-consistent field theory is proposed. The formulation is a generalization of the extended Lagrangian formulations for ground state Born-Oppenheimer molecular dynamics [Phys. Rev. Lett. 2008 100, 123004]. The theory is implemented, demonstrated, and evaluated using a time-dependent semiempirical model, though it should be generally applicable to ab initio theory. The simulations show enhanced energy stability and a significantly reduced computational cost associated with the iterative solutions of both the ground state and the electronically excited states. Relaxed convergence criteria can therefore be used both for the self-consistent ground state optimization and for the iterative subspace diagonalization of the random phase approximation matrix used to calculate the excited state transitions. The XL-ESMD approach is expected to enable numerically efficient excited state molecular dynamics for such methods as time-dependent Hartree-Fock (TD-HF), Configuration Interactions Singles (CIS), and time-dependent density functional theory (TD-DFT).
Exotic superconducting states in the extended attractive Hubbard model.
Nayak, Swagatam; Kumar, Sanjeev
2018-04-04
We show that the extended attractive Hubbard model on a square lattice allows for a variety of superconducting phases, including exotic mixed-symmetry phases with [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] symmetries, and a novel [Formula: see text] state. The calculations are performed within the Hartree-Fock Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer framework. The ground states of the mean-field Hamiltonian are obtained via a minimization scheme that relaxes the symmetry constraints on the superconducting solutions, hence allowing for a mixing of s-, p- and d-wave order parameters. The results are obtained within the assumption of uniform-density states. Our results show that extended attractive Hubbard model can serve as an effective model for investigating properties of exotic superconductors.
New methods for the measurement and alteration of quantum states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Steuernagel, O.
1996-01-01
Themes of this thesis are the mathematical representation, measurement-technical reconstruction, and preparation of quantum states as well as their alteration by measurement. The main topics of the considerations are quantum-mechanical system states, the complet description of which pursues by means of density operators. The first chapter presents a general mathematical scheme for the representaion of density operators by means of projection operators. The second chapter explains a scheme for the syntehsis of Fock states by means of a linear mixer. The third chapter answers the question, whether spontaneous emitted light, which is emitted by an atom with large spatial extension, can show self-interferences and lets conclude on thee coherent structure of the c.m. wave function of the emitting atom. The last chapter reconstructs measurement results on the coherence loss of atoms in an atomic-beam experiment by spontaneous emission in the language of the density-operator formalism
Microscopical description of isovector collective Osup(+) states in atomic nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chekanov, N.A.
1983-01-01
A microscopical consistent description of isobar-analogue states and isovector monopole giant resonances is given in framework of the random-phase theory. The necessary one-particle basis, including the continuous spectrum, is determined by solution of the Hartree-Fock equations with the effective Skyrme-type interaction. An important feature of such a description is an automatical fulfilment of the consistency conditions relating the shell potential, nuclear density and the residual interaction. Effects due to Coulomb interaction in nuclei are investigated, such as the Coulomb shift energies, isospin admixtures to the ground state of the parent nucleus. Transition densities for the analogue states are obtained. Numerical calculations have been performed in the coordinate space for a number of neutron-rich nuclei
Joint quantum state tomography of an entangled qubit–resonator hybrid
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
LinPeng, X Y; Zhang, H Z; Xu, K; Li, C Y; Zhong, Y P; Wang, Z L; Wang, H; Xie, Q W
2013-01-01
The integration of superconducting qubits and resonators in one circuit offers a promising solution for quantum information processing (QIP), which also realizes the on-chip analogue of cavity quantum electrodynamics (QED), known as circuit QED. In most prototype circuit designs, qubits are active processing elements and resonators are peripherals. As resonators typically have better coherence performance and more accessible energy levels, it is proposed that the entangled qubit–resonator hybrid can be used as a processing element. To achieve such a goal, an accurate measurement of the hybrid is first necessary. Here we demonstrate a joint quantum state tomography (QST) technique to fully characterize an entangled qubit–resonator hybrid. We benchmarked our QST technique by generating and accurately characterizing multiple states, e.g. |gN〉 + |e(N − 1)〉 where (|g〉 and |e〉) are the ground and excited states of the qubit and (|0〉,…,|N〉) are Fock states of the resonator. We further provided a numerical method to improve the QST efficiency and measured the decoherence dynamics of the bipartite hybrid, witnessing dissipation coming from both the qubit and the N-photon Fock state. As such, the joint QST presents an important step toward actively using the qubit–resonator element for QIP in hybrid quantum devices and for studying circuit QED. (paper)
Roughness as classicality indicator of a quantum state
Lemos, Humberto C. F.; Almeida, Alexandre C. L.; Amaral, Barbara; Oliveira, Adélcio C.
2018-03-01
We define a new quantifier of classicality for a quantum state, the Roughness, which is given by the L2 (R2) distance between Wigner and Husimi functions. We show that the Roughness is bounded and therefore it is a useful tool for comparison between different quantum states for single bosonic systems. The state classification via the Roughness is not binary, but rather it is continuous in the interval [ 0 , 1 ], being the state more classic as the Roughness approaches to zero, and more quantum when it is closer to the unity. The Roughness is maximum for Fock states when its number of photons is arbitrarily large, and also for squeezed states at the maximum compression limit. On the other hand, the Roughness approaches its minimum value for thermal states at infinite temperature and, more generally, for infinite entropy states. The Roughness of a coherent state is slightly below one half, so we may say that it is more a classical state than a quantum one. Another important result is that the Roughness performs well for discriminating both pure and mixed states. Since the Roughness measures the inherent quantumness of a state, we propose another function, the Dynamic Distance Measure (DDM), which is suitable for measure how much quantum is a dynamics. Using DDM, we studied the quartic oscillator, and we observed that there is a certain complementarity between dynamics and state, i.e. when dynamics becomes more quantum, the Roughness of the state decreases, while the Roughness grows as the dynamics becomes less quantum.
Zhu, Jian-Rong; Li, Jian; Zhang, Chun-Mei; Wang, Qin
2017-10-01
The decoy-state method has been widely used in commercial quantum key distribution (QKD) systems. In view of the practical decoy-state QKD with both source errors and statistical fluctuations, we propose a universal model of full parameter optimization in biased decoy-state QKD with phase-randomized sources. Besides, we adopt this model to carry out simulations of two widely used sources: weak coherent source (WCS) and heralded single-photon source (HSPS). Results show that full parameter optimization can significantly improve not only the secure transmission distance but also the final key generation rate. And when taking source errors and statistical fluctuations into account, the performance of decoy-state QKD using HSPS suffered less than that of decoy-state QKD using WCS.
Mean life of the 2p4(1S)3s 2S state in fluorine
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Cheng, K.T.; Chen, M.H.
1985-01-01
In this work, we calculate the radiationless as well as the radiative decay rates for the 2p 4 ( 1 S)3s 2 S state. For comparison purposes, we also make similar calculations for the 2p 4 ( 1 D)4s 2 D state. Our calculation is based on the multi-configuration Dirac-Fock (MCDF) method. As spin-orbit interaction is built in, this method is capable of studying LS forbidden Auger transitions. Details of the Auger transition calculations have been given before. 9 refs
Neutrino propagation in neutron matter and the nuclear equation of state
Margueron, J; Nguyen Van Giai; Jiang, W
2001-01-01
We study the propagation of neutrinos inside dense matter under the conditions prevailing in a proto-neutron star. Equations of state obtained with different nuclear effective interactions (Skyrme type and Gogny type) are first discussed. It is found that for many interactions, spin and/or isospin instabilities occur at densities larger than the saturation density of nuclear matter. From this study we select two representative interactions, SLy230b and D1P. We calculate the response functions in pure neutron matter where nuclear correlations are described at the Hartree-Fock plus RPA level. These response functions allow us to evaluate neutrino mean free paths corresponding to neutral current processes.
Isospin mixing in the ground state of sup 5 sup 2 Mn
Schuurmans, P; Phalet, T; Severijns, N; Vereecke, B; Versyck, S
2000-01-01
The presence of isospin mixing into the ground state of sup 5 sup 2 Mn was studied via anisotropic positron emission from nuclei. With this method the isospin forbidden Fermi-component in the Gamow-Teller dominated beta decay was determined. It is shown that sample purity and the control of positron scattering is of vital importance. Comparison between theory and experiment shows that shell model calculations of the isospin mixing probability deviate by a factor three to seven from experiment. For more recent Hartree-Fock-RPA based calculations the difference is over two orders of magnitude.
Microscopic structure of superdeformed states in Th, U, Pu and Cm isotopes with Gogny force
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Girod, M.; Delaroche, J.P.; Romain, P. [CEA/DIF, DPTA/SPN, Boite Postale 12, 91680 Bruyeres-le-Chatel (France); Libert, J. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique-IN2P3, F-91406 Orsay (France)
2002-10-01
The structure properties of the even-even nuclei {sup 226,} {sup 228,} {sup 230,} {sup 232,} {sup 234}Th, {sup 230,} {sup 232,} {sup 234,} {sup 236,} {sup 238,} {sup 240}U, {sup 240,} {sup 242,} {sup 244,} {sup 246}Pu, and {sup 242,} {sup 244,} {sup 246,} {sup 248}Cm have been investigated at normal and superdeformed shapes in microscopic mean-field calculations based on Gogny force. Collective levels are predicted from constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov and configuration mixing calculations. Two quasiparticle states are also predicted from blocking calculations for neutron and proton configurations. Predictions are shown and compared with experimental data at superdeformed shapes. (orig.)
Microscopic structure of superdeformed states in Th, U, Pu and Cm isotopes with Gogny force
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Girod, M.; Delaroche, J.P.; Romain, P.; Libert, J.
2002-01-01
The structure properties of the even-even nuclei 226, 228, 230, 232, 234 Th, 230, 232, 234, 236, 238, 240 U, 240, 242, 244, 246 Pu, and 242, 244, 246, 248 Cm have been investigated at normal and superdeformed shapes in microscopic mean-field calculations based on Gogny force. Collective levels are predicted from constrained Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov and configuration mixing calculations. Two quasiparticle states are also predicted from blocking calculations for neutron and proton configurations. Predictions are shown and compared with experimental data at superdeformed shapes. (orig.)
Neutron Star masses from the Field Correlator Method Equation of State
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Zappalà D.
2014-04-01
Full Text Available We analyse the hadron-quark phase transition in neutron stars by confronting the hadronic Equation of State (EoS obtained according to the microscopic Brueckner-Hartree-Fock many body theory, with the quark matter EoS derived within the Field Correlator Method. In particular, the latter EoS is only parametrized in terms of the gluon condensate and the large distance quark-antiquark potential, so that the comparison of the results of this analysis with the most recent measurements of heavy neutron star masses provides some physical constraints on these two parameters.
Coulomb displacement energies of the T=1, J=0 states of A=42 nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Sato, H.
1978-01-01
Coulomb displacement energies of the T=1, J=0 + and 6 1 + states of A=42 nuclei are analyzed with previously known charge dependent forces and effects, and with the available Hartree-Fock single-particle wave functions. From the study of the Coulomb displacement energies of the 6 1 + states it is found that the present knowledge on the charge dependence, including a phenomenological charge symmetry breaking force previously introduced so as to help explain the Nolen-Schiffer anomaly, gives a sufficient and consistent explanation for both single-particle and two-particle systems. From the study of the 0 + states, it is found that the Coulomb displacement energies of the second 0 2 + states can be explained with a compensation between the smaller Coulomb energies of the second lowest two-particle state and larger ones of the deformed 4p-2h state. (Auth.)
Theoretical study of the density of states and magnetic properties of LaCoO3
Zhuang, Min; Zhang, Weiyi; Hu, Cheng; Ming, Naiben
1998-05-01
The density of states and magnetic properties of low-spin, high-spin, and mixing states of LaCoO3 have been studied within the unrestricted Hartree-Fock approximation. The real-space recursion method is adopted for computing the electronic structure of the disordered system. The paramagnetic high-spin state is dealt with using the usual binary alloy coherent potential approximation (CPA); an extended trinary alloy CPA approximation is developed to describe the mixing state. In agreement with experiments, our results show that the main features of the quasiparticle spectra in the mixing state are not a sensitive function of the high-spin component, but the spectrum does get broadened due to spin scattering. The increasing of the high-spin component also results in a pileup of the density of states at the Fermi energy which indicates an insulator to metal phase transition. Some limitations of the present approach are also discussed.
Van Meer, R.; Gritsenko, O. V.; Baerends, E. J.
2017-01-01
Straightforward interpretation of excitations is possible if they can be described as simple single orbital-to-orbital (or double, etc.) transitions. In linear response time-dependent density functional theory (LR-TDDFT), the (ground state) Kohn-Sham orbitals prove to be such an orbital basis. In
Knippenberg, Stefan
2016-10-07
Third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties of polymethine dyes have been widely studied for applications such as all-optical switching. However, the limited accuracy of the current computational methodologies has prevented a comprehensive understanding of the nature of the lowest excited states and their influence on the molecular optical and NLO properties. Here, attention is paid to the lowest excited-state energies and their energetic ratio, as these characteristics impact the figure-of-merit for all-optical switching. For a series of model polymethines, we compare several algebraic diagrammatic construction (ADC) schemes for the polarization propagator with approximate second-order coupled cluster (CC2) theory, the widely used INDO/MRDCI approach and the symmetry-adapted cluster configuration interaction (SAC-CI) algorithm incorporating singles and doubles linked excitation operators (SAC-CI SD-R). We focus in particular on the ground-to-excited state transition dipole moments and the corresponding state dipole moments, since these quantities are found to be of utmost importance for an effective description of the third-order polarizability γ and two-photon absorption spectra. A sum-overstates expression has been used, which is found to quickly converge. While ADC(3/2) has been found to be the most appropriate method to calculate these properties, CC2 performs poorly.
Efficient growth of complex graph states via imperfect path erasure
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Campbell, Earl T; Fitzsimons, Joseph; Benjamin, Simon C; Kok, Pieter
2007-01-01
Given a suitably large and well connected (complex) graph state, any quantum algorithm can be implemented purely through local measurements on the individual qubits. Measurements can also be used to create the graph state: path erasure techniques allow one to entangle multiple qubits by determining only global properties of the qubits. Here, this powerful approach is extended by demonstrating that even imperfect path erasure can produce the required graph states with high efficiency. By characterizing the degree of error in each path erasure attempt, one can subsume the resulting imperfect entanglement into an extended graph state formalism. The subsequent growth of the improper graph state can be guided, through a series of strategic decisions, in such a way as to bound the growth of the error and eventually yield a high-fidelity graph state. As an implementation of these techniques, we develop an analytic model for atom (or atom-like) qubits in mismatched cavities, under the double-heralding entanglement procedure of Barrett and Kok (2005 Phys. Rev. A 71 060310). Compared to straightforward post-selection techniques our protocol offers a dramatic improvement in growing complex high-fidelity graph states
Fermionic molecular dynamics for ground states and collisions of nuclei
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Feldmeier, H.; Bieler, K.; Schnack, J.
1994-08-01
The antisymmetric many-body trial state which describes a system of interacting fermions is parametrized in terms of localized wave packets. The equations of motion are derived from the time-dependent quantum variational principle. The resulting Fermionic Molecular Dynamics (FMD) equations include a wide range of semi-quantal to classical physics extending from deformed Hartree-Fock theory to Newtonian molecular dynamics. Conservation laws are discussed in connection with the choice of the trial state. The model is applied to heavy-ion collisions with which its basic features are illustrated. The results show a great variety of phenomena including deeply inelastic collisions, fusion, incomplete fusion, fragmentation, neck emission, promptly emitted nucleons and evaporation. (orig.)
Excitation gap of fractal quantum hall states in graphene
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Luo, Wenchen; Chakraborty, Tapash
2016-01-01
In the presence of a magnetic field and an external periodic potential the Landau level spectrum of a two-dimensional electron gas exhibits a fractal pattern in the energy spectrum which is described as the Hofstadter’s butterfly. In this work, we develop a Hartree–Fock theory to deal with the electron-electron interaction in the Hofstadter’s butterfly state in a finite-size graphene with periodic boundary conditions, where we include both spin and valley degrees of freedom. We then treat the butterfly state as an electron crystal so that we could obtain the order parameters of the crystal in the momentum space and also in an infinite sample. A phase transition between the liquid phase and the fractal crystal phase can be observed. The excitation gaps obtained in the infinite sample is comparable to those in the finite-size study, and agree with a recent experimental observation. (paper)
Magnetic states of single impurity in disordered environment
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
G.W. Ponedilok
2013-01-01
Full Text Available The charged and magnetic states of isolated impurities dissolved in amorphous metallic alloy are investigated. The Hamiltonian of the system under study is the generalization of Anderson impurity model. Namely, the processes of elastic and non-elastic scattering of conductive electrons on the ions of a metal and on a charged impurity are included. The configuration averaged one-particle Green's functions are obtained within Hartree-Fock approximation. A system of self-consistent equations is given for calculation of an electronic spectrum, the charged and the spin-polarized impurity states. Qualitative analysis of the effect of the metallic host structural disorder on the observed values is performed. Additional shift and broadening of virtual impurity level is caused by a structural disorder of impurity environment.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
None
1974-12-31
Research is summarized on fuel, fertile, and cladding materials. Results of studies in the field of solid state sciences are also reported. It was found during the studies on the thermal diffusion release of /sup 133/Xe from irradiated thoria--urania powders that during prolonged annealing at high temperatures, there were several sudden burst releases of /sup 133/Xe as a function of time. These sudden bursts appear to be related to the particle size of the powders. Studies on the phase composition of U/sub 3/O/sub 8//su established that the phase obtained at room temperature after heating at 850 deg K is always oxygen deficient. Results of studies on the different modifications of U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ indicated that the so-called delta-phase has a crystal structure almost identical with the beta-phase, yet there were differences in the heats of transition of each of these phases to the alpha-U/sub 3/O/sub 8/ phase at 130 deg C. Studies on fast neutron damage in stainless steel were initiated and results related to damage by void formation were obtained even when the fluencies were only moderately high. Studies on the phase transformations in solids brought out the unusual phase transition behavior of KNO/sub 3/. It was established that the phase transformation attributed to the orthorhombic (II) to the trigonal (I) transition at 129 deg C is essentially a 2-step transition. Results of differential scanning colorimeter (DSC) studies also revealed a peculiar feature which is as yet not understood, namely that on cooling, differential thermal analysis (DTA) showed a III to II phase transition; this is not seen in the DSC. The capabilities of the DSC technique to delineate temperatures of magnetic transitions were demonstrated by studying the transitions in a number of standard substances (metals, alloys, and compounds). In studies on KMnF/sub 3/, it was further demonstrated that the DSC technique is superior in measuring and detecting the heats of crystallographic and
Perez, R. Navarro; Schunck, N.; Lasseri, R.-D.; Zhang, C.; Sarich, J.
2017-11-01
We describe the new version 3.00 of the code HFBTHO that solves the nuclear Hartree-Fock (HF) or Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov (HFB) problem by using the cylindrical transformed deformed harmonic oscillator basis. In the new version, we have implemented the following features: (i) the full Gogny force in both particle-hole and particle-particle channels, (ii) the calculation of the nuclear collective inertia at the perturbative cranking approximation, (iii) the calculation of fission fragment charge, mass and deformations based on the determination of the neck, (iv) the regularization of zero-range pairing forces, (v) the calculation of localization functions, (vi) a MPI interface for large-scale mass table calculations. Program Files doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.17632/c5g2f92by3.1 Licensing provisions: GPL v3 Programming language: FORTRAN-95 Journal reference of previous version: M.V. Stoitsov, N. Schunck, M. Kortelainen, N. Michel, H. Nam, E. Olsen, J. Sarich, and S. Wild, Comput. Phys. Commun. 184 (2013). Does the new version supersede the previous one: Yes Summary of revisions: 1. the Gogny force in both particle-hole and particle-particle channels was implemented; 2. the nuclear collective inertia at the perturbative cranking approximation was implemented; 3. fission fragment charge, mass and deformations were implemented based on the determination of the position of the neck between nascent fragments; 4. the regularization method of zero-range pairing forces was implemented; 5. the localization functions of the HFB solution were implemented; 6. a MPI interface for large-scale mass table calculations was implemented. Nature of problem:HFBTHO is a physics computer code that is used to model the structure of the nucleus. It is an implementation of the energy density functional (EDF) approach to atomic nuclei, where the energy of the nucleus is obtained by integration over space of some phenomenological energy density, which is itself a functional of the neutron and proton
Rabilloud, Franck
2014-10-14
Absorption spectra of Ag20 and Ag55(q) (q = +1, -3) nanoclusters are investigated in the framework of the time-dependent density functional theory in order to analyse the role of the d electrons in plasmon-like band of silver clusters. The description of the plasmon-like band from calculations using density functionals containing an amount of Hartree-Fock exchange at long range, namely, hybrid and range-separated hybrid (RSH) density functionals, is in good agreement with the classical interpretation of the plasmon-like structure as a collective excitation of valence s-electrons. In contrast, using local or semi-local exchange functionals (generalized gradient approximations (GGAs) or meta-GGAs) leads to a strong overestimation of the role of d electrons in the plasmon-like band. The semi-local asymptotically corrected model potentials also describe the plasmon as mainly associated to d electrons, though calculated spectra are in fairly good agreement with those calculated using the RSH scheme. Our analysis shows that a portion of non-local exchange modifies the description of the plasmon-like band.
Evolution of the squeezing-enhanced vacuum state in the amplitude dissipative channel
Ren, Gang; Du, Jian-ming; Zhang, Wen-hai
2018-05-01
We study the evolution of the squeezing-enhanced vacuum state (SEVS) in the amplitude dissipative channel by using the two-mode entangled state in the Fock space and Kraus operator. The explicit formulation of the output state is also given. It is found that the output state does not exhibit sub-Poissonian behavior for the nonnegative value of the Mandel's Q-parameters in a wide range of values of squeezing parameter and dissipation factor. It is interesting to see that second-order correlation function is independent of the dissipation factor. However, the photon-number distribution of the output quantum state shows remarkable oscillations with respect to the dissipation factor. The shape of Wigner function and the degree of squeezing show that the initial SEVS is dissipated by the amplitude dissipative channel.
Jonsson, Thorsteinn H.; Manolescu, Andrei; Goan, Hsi-Sheng; Abdullah, Nzar Rauf; Sitek, Anna; Tang, Chi-Shung; Gudmundsson, Vidar
2017-11-01
Master equations are commonly used to describe time evolution of open systems. We introduce a general computationally efficient method for calculating a Markovian solution of the Nakajima-Zwanzig generalized master equation. We do so for a time-dependent transport of interacting electrons through a complex nano scale system in a photon cavity. The central system, described by 120 many-body states in a Fock space, is weakly coupled to the external leads. The efficiency of the approach allows us to place the bias window defined by the external leads high into the many-body spectrum of the cavity photon-dressed states of the central system revealing a cascade of intermediate transitions as the system relaxes to a steady state. The very diverse relaxation times present in the open system, reflecting radiative or non-radiative transitions, require information about the time evolution through many orders of magnitude. In our approach, the generalized master equation is mapped from a many-body Fock space of states to a Liouville space of transitions. We show that this results in a linear equation which is solved exactly through an eigenvalue analysis, which supplies information on the steady state and the time evolution of the system.
On the role of anti-bound states in the RPA description of the giant monopole resonance
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Vertse, T.; Bang, J.
1989-01-01
The limit of the applicability of the resonant Random Phase Approximation (RPA) method is tested by calculating escape widths in the giant monopole resonance of 16 O and comparing them to the results of a time dependent Hartree-Fock calculation. Though the widths of the narrow s-wave component agree reasonably well, the broad p-wave component shows large disagreement, which cannot be cured by complementing the basis with anti-bound states in the RPA calculation. (author) 18 refs.; 3 tabs
Construction of classical and non-classical coherent photon states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Honegger, Reinhard; Rieckers, Alfred
2001-01-01
It is well known that the diagonal matrix elements of all-order coherent states for the quantized electromagnetic field have to constitute a Poisson distribution with respect to the photon number. The present work gives first the summary of a constructive scheme, developed previously, which determines in terms of an auxiliary Hilbert space all possible off-diagonal elements for the all-order coherent density operators in Fock space and which identifies all extremal coherent states. In terms of this formalism it is then demonstrated that each pure classical coherent state is a uniformly phase locked (quantum) coherent superposition of number states. In a mixed classical coherent state the exponential of the locked phase is shown to be replaced by a rather arbitrary unitary operator in the auxiliary Hilbert space. On the other hand classes for density operators--and for their normally ordered characteristic functions--of non-classical coherent states are obtained, especially by rather weak perturbations of classical coherent states. These illustrate various forms of breaking the classical uniform phase locking and exhibit rather peculiar properties, such as asymmetric fluctuations for the quadrature phase operators. Several criteria for non-classicality are put forward and applied to the elaborated non-classical coherent states, providing counterexamples against too simple arguments for classicality. It is concluded that classicality is only a stable concept for coherent states with macroscopic intensity
Initial time singularities and admissible initial states for a system of coupled scalar fields
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Baacke, Juergen [Technische Univ. Dortmund (Germany). Fakultaet Physik; Kevlishvili, Nina [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Hamburg (Germany); GAS, Tbilisi (Georgia). Andronikashvili Inst. of Physics
2009-10-15
We discuss the problem of initial states for a system of coupled scalar fields out of equilibrium in the one-loop approximation. The fields consist of classical background fields, taken constant in space, and quantum fluctuations. If the initial state is the adiabatic vacuum, i.e., the ground state of a Fock space of particle excitations that diagonalize the mass matrix, the energy-momentum tensor is infinite at t=0, its most singular part behaves as 1/t. When the system is coupled to gravity this presents a problem that we solve by a Bogoliubov transformation of the naive initial state. As a side result we also discuss the canonical formalism and the adiabatic particle number for such a system. Most of the formalism is presented for Minkowksi space. Embedding the system and its dynamics into a flat FRW universe is straightforward and we briefly address the essential modifications. (orig.)
Initial time singularities and admissible initial states for a system of coupled scalar fields
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Baacke, Juergen; Kevlishvili, Nina; GAS, Tbilisi
2009-10-01
We discuss the problem of initial states for a system of coupled scalar fields out of equilibrium in the one-loop approximation. The fields consist of classical background fields, taken constant in space, and quantum fluctuations. If the initial state is the adiabatic vacuum, i.e., the ground state of a Fock space of particle excitations that diagonalize the mass matrix, the energy-momentum tensor is infinite at t=0, its most singular part behaves as 1/t. When the system is coupled to gravity this presents a problem that we solve by a Bogoliubov transformation of the naive initial state. As a side result we also discuss the canonical formalism and the adiabatic particle number for such a system. Most of the formalism is presented for Minkowksi space. Embedding the system and its dynamics into a flat FRW universe is straightforward and we briefly address the essential modifications. (orig.)
Ground-state properties of neutron magic nuclei
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Saxena, G., E-mail: gauravphy@gmail.com [Govt. Women Engineering College, Department of Physics (India); Kaushik, M. [Shankara Institute of Technology, Department of Physics (India)
2017-03-15
A systematic study of the ground-state properties of the entire chains of even–even neutron magic nuclei represented by isotones of traditional neutron magic numbers N = 8, 20, 40, 50, 82, and 126 has been carried out using relativistic mean-field plus Bardeen–Cooper–Schrieffer approach. Our present investigation includes deformation, binding energy, two-proton separation energy, single-particle energy, rms radii along with proton and neutron density profiles, etc. Several of these results are compared with the results calculated using nonrelativistic approach (Skyrme–Hartree–Fock method) along with available experimental data and indeed they are found with excellent agreement. In addition, the possible locations of the proton and neutron drip-lines, the (Z, N) values for the new shell closures, disappearance of traditional shell closures as suggested by the detailed analyzes of results are also discussed in detail.
Infrared absorption spectra of various doping states in cuprate superconductors
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Yonemitsu, K.; Bishop, A.R.; Lorenzana, J.
1992-01-01
Doping states in a two-dimensional three-band extended Peierls-Hubbard model was investigated within inhomogeneous Hartree-Fock and random phase approximation. They are very sensitive to small changes of interaction parameters and their distinct vibrational and optical absorption spectra can be used to identify different doping states. For electronic parameters relevant to cuprate superconductors, as intersite electron-phonon interaction strength increases, the doping state changes from a Zhang-Rice state to a covalent molecular singlet state accompanied by local quenching of the Cu magnetic moment and large local lattice distortion in an otherwise undistorted antiferromagnetic background. In a region where both intersite electron-phonon interaction and on-site electron-electron repulsion are large, we obtain new stable global phases including a bond-order-wave state and a mixed state of spin-Peierls bonds and antiferromagnetic Cu spins, as well as many metastable states. Doping in the bond-order-wave region induces separation of spin and charge. 9 refs
Harmonic oscillator states with integer and non-integer orbital angular momentum
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Land, Martin
2011-01-01
We study the quantum mechanical harmonic oscillator in two and three dimensions, with particular attention to the solutions as basis states for representing their respective symmetry groups — O(2), O(1,1), O(3), and O(2,1). The goal of this study is to establish a correspondence between Hilbert space descriptions found by solving the Schrodinger equation in polar coordinates, and Fock space descriptions constructed by expressing the symmetry operators in terms of creation/annihilation operators. We obtain wavefunctions characterized by a principal quantum number, the group Casimir eigenvalue, and one group generator whose eigenvalue is m + s, for integer m and real constant parameter s. For the three groups that contain O(2), the solutions split into two inequivalent representations, one associated with s = 0, from which we recover the familiar description of the oscillator as a product of one-dimensional solutions, and the other with s > 0 (in three dimensions, solutions are found for s = 0 and s = 1/2) whose solutions are non-separable in Cartesian coordinates, and are hence overlooked by the standard Fock space approach. The O(1,1) solutions are singlet states, restricted to zero eigenvalue of the symmetry operator, which represents the boost, not angular momentum. For O(2), a single set of creation and annihilation operators forms a ladder representation for the allowed oscillator states for any s, and the degeneracy of energy states is always finite. However, in three dimensions, the integer and half-integer eigenstates are qualitatively different: the former can be expressed as finite dimensional irreducible tensors under O(3) or O(2,1) while the latter exhibit infinite degeneracy. Creation operators that produce the allowed integer states by acting on the non-degenerate ground state are constructed as irreducible tensor products of the fundamental vector representation. However, the half-integer eigenstates are infinite-dimensional, as expected for the non
Maleki, Yusef; Zheltikov, Aleksei M.
2018-01-01
An ensemble of nitrogen-vacancy (NV) centers coupled to a circuit QED device is shown to enable an efficient, high-fidelity generation of high-N00N states. Instead of first creating entanglement and then increasing the number of entangled particles N , our source of high-N00N states first prepares a high-N Fock state in one of the NV ensembles and then entangles it to the rest of the system. With such a strategy, high-N N00N states can be generated in just a few operational steps with an extraordinary fidelity. Once prepared, such a state can be stored over a longer period of time due to the remarkably long coherence time of NV centers.
Multiphoton quantum optics and quantum state engineering
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Dell' Anno, Fabio [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E. R. Caianiello' , Universita degli Studi di Salerno, CNISM and CNR-INFM Coherentia, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, I-84081 Baronissi (Saudi Arabia) (Italy)]. E-mail: dellanno@sa.infn.it; De Siena, Silvio [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E. R. Caianiello' , Universita degli Studi di Salerno, CNISM and CNR-INFM Coherentia, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, I-84081 Baronissi (SA) (Italy)]. E-mail: desiena@sa.infn.it; Illuminati, Fabrizio [Dipartimento di Fisica ' E. R. Caianiello' , Universita degli Studi di Salerno, CNISM and CNR-INFM Coherentia, and INFN Sezione di Napoli, Gruppo Collegato di Salerno, Via S. Allende, I-84081 Baronissi (SA) (Italy)]. E-mail: illuminati@sa.infn.it
2006-05-15
We present a review of theoretical and experimental aspects of multiphoton quantum optics. Multiphoton processes occur and are important for many aspects of matter-radiation interactions that include the efficient ionization of atoms and molecules, and, more generally, atomic transition mechanisms; system-environment couplings and dissipative quantum dynamics; laser physics, optical parametric processes, and interferometry. A single review cannot account for all aspects of such an enormously vast subject. Here we choose to concentrate our attention on parametric processes in nonlinear media, with special emphasis on the engineering of nonclassical states of photons and atoms that are relevant for the conceptual investigations as well as for the practical applications of forefront aspects of modern quantum mechanics. We present a detailed analysis of the methods and techniques for the production of genuinely quantum multiphoton processes in nonlinear media, and the corresponding models of multiphoton effective interactions. We review existing proposals for the classification, engineering, and manipulation of nonclassical states, including Fock states, macroscopic superposition states, and multiphoton generalized coherent states. We introduce and discuss the structure of canonical multiphoton quantum optics and the associated one- and two-mode canonical multiphoton squeezed states. This framework provides a consistent multiphoton generalization of two-photon quantum optics and a consistent Hamiltonian description of multiphoton processes associated to higher-order nonlinearities. Finally, we discuss very recent advances that by combining linear and nonlinear optical devices allow to realize multiphoton entangled states of the electromagnetic field, either in discrete or in continuous variables, that are relevant for applications to efficient quantum computation, quantum teleportation, and related problems in quantum communication and information.
Multiphoton quantum optics and quantum state engineering
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Dell'Anno, Fabio; De Siena, Silvio; Illuminati, Fabrizio
2006-01-01
We present a review of theoretical and experimental aspects of multiphoton quantum optics. Multiphoton processes occur and are important for many aspects of matter-radiation interactions that include the efficient ionization of atoms and molecules, and, more generally, atomic transition mechanisms; system-environment couplings and dissipative quantum dynamics; laser physics, optical parametric processes, and interferometry. A single review cannot account for all aspects of such an enormously vast subject. Here we choose to concentrate our attention on parametric processes in nonlinear media, with special emphasis on the engineering of nonclassical states of photons and atoms that are relevant for the conceptual investigations as well as for the practical applications of forefront aspects of modern quantum mechanics. We present a detailed analysis of the methods and techniques for the production of genuinely quantum multiphoton processes in nonlinear media, and the corresponding models of multiphoton effective interactions. We review existing proposals for the classification, engineering, and manipulation of nonclassical states, including Fock states, macroscopic superposition states, and multiphoton generalized coherent states. We introduce and discuss the structure of canonical multiphoton quantum optics and the associated one- and two-mode canonical multiphoton squeezed states. This framework provides a consistent multiphoton generalization of two-photon quantum optics and a consistent Hamiltonian description of multiphoton processes associated to higher-order nonlinearities. Finally, we discuss very recent advances that by combining linear and nonlinear optical devices allow to realize multiphoton entangled states of the electromagnetic field, either in discrete or in continuous variables, that are relevant for applications to efficient quantum computation, quantum teleportation, and related problems in quantum communication and information
Spurious states in boson calculations - spectre of reality
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Navratil, P. (Stellenbosch Univ. (South Africa). Inst. of Theoretical Nuclear Physics); Geyer, H.B. (Stellenbosch Univ. (South Africa). Inst. of Theoretical Nuclear Physics); Dobes, J. (Inst. of Nuclear Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Rez (Czech Republic)); Dobaczewski, J. (Warsaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. of Theoretical Physics)
1994-03-28
We discuss some prevailing misconceptions about the possibility that spurious states may in general contaminate boson calculations of fermion systems on either the phenomenological or microscopic level. Amongst other things we point out that the possible appearance of spurious states is not inherently a mapping problem, but rather linked to a choice of basis in the boson Fock space. This choice is mostly dictated by convenience or the aim to make direct contact with phenomenology. Furthermore, neither well established collectivity, nor the construction of boson operators in the Marumori or OAI fashion can as such serve as a guarantee against the appearance of spurious boson states. Within an SO(12) generalisation of the Ginocchio model where collective decoupling is complete, we illustrate how spurious states may appear in an IBM-type-sdg-boson analysis. We also show how these states may be identified on the boson level. This enables us to present an example of an sdg-spectrum which, although it may be reasonably correlated with experimental data, nevertheless has the first few low lying states all spurious when interpreted from the microscopic point of view. We briefly speculate about the possibility that certain types of truncation may in fact automatically circumvent the appearance of spurious states. (orig.)
Spurious states in boson calculations - spectre of reality?
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Navratil, P.; Dobaczewski, J.
1994-01-01
We discuss some prevailing misconceptions about the possibility that spurious states may in general contaminate boson calculations of fermion systems on either the phenomenological or microscopic level. Amongst other things we point out that the possible appearance of spurious states is not inherently a mapping problem, but rather linked to a choice of basis in the boson Fock space. This choice is mostly dictated by convenience or the aim to make direct contact with phenomenology. Furthermore, neither well established collectivity, nor the construction of boson operators in the Marumori or OAI fashion can as such serve as a guarantee against the appearance of spurious boson states. Within an SO(12) generalisation of the Ginocchio model where collective decoupling is complete, we illustrate how spurious states may appear in an IBM-type-sdg-boson analysis. We also show how these states may be identified on the boson level. This enables us to present an example of an sdg-spectrum which, although it may be reasonably correlated with experimental data, nevertheless has the first few low lying states all spurious when interpreted from the microscopic point of view. We briefly speculate about the possibility that certain types of truncation may in fact automatically circumvent the appearance of spurious states. (orig.)
Dielectronic recombination rate coefficients to the excited states of CII from CIII
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Kato, Takako; Safronova, U.; Ohira, Mituhiko.
1996-02-01
Energy levels, radiative transition probabilities and autoionization rates for CII including 1s 2 2l2l'nl'' (n=2-6, l'≤(n-1)) states were calculated by using multi-configurational Hartree-Fock (Cowan code) method. Autoionizing levels above three thresholds: 1s 2 2s 2 ( 1 S), 1s 2 2s2p( 3 P), 1s 2 2s2p( 1 P) were considered. Branching ratios related to the first threshold and the intensity factor were calculated for satellite lines of CII ion. The dielectronic recombination rate coefficients to the excited states for n=2-6 are calculated with these atomic data. The rate coefficients are fitted to an analytical formula and the fit parameters are given. The values for higher excited states than n=6 are extrapolated and the total dielectronic recombination rate coefficients are derived. The effective recombination rate coefficient for different electron densities are also derived. (author)
Dielectronic recombination rate coefficients to excited states of Be-like oxygen
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Murakami, Izumi; Safronova, Ulyana I.; Kato, Takako
2001-05-01
We have calculated energy levels, radiative transition probabilities, and autoionization rates for Be-like oxygen (O{sup 4+}) including ls{sup 2}2lnl' (n=2 - 8, l {<=} n - 1) and 1s{sup 2}3l'nl (n=3 - 6, l {<=} n - l) states by multi-configurational Hartree-Fock method (Cowan code) and perturbation theory Z-expansion method (MZ code). The state selective dielectronic recombination rate coefficients to excited states of Be-like O ions are obtained. Configuration mixing plays an important role for the principal quantum number n distribution of the dielectronic recombination rate coefficients for 2snl (n {<=} 5) levels at low electron temperature. The orbital angular momentum quantum number l distribution of the rate coefficients shows a peak at l = 4. The total dielectronic recombination rate coefficient is derived as a function of electron temperature. (author)
Supersymmetric Extension of Non-Hermitian su(2 Hamiltonian and Supercoherent States
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Omar Cherbal
2010-12-01
Full Text Available A new class of non-Hermitian Hamiltonians with real spectrum, which are written as a real linear combination of su(2 generators in the form H=ωJ_3+αJ_−+βJ_+, α≠β, is analyzed. The metrics which allows the transition to the equivalent Hermitian Hamiltonian is established. A pseudo-Hermitian supersymmetic extension of such Hamiltonians is performed. They correspond to the pseudo-Hermitian supersymmetric systems of the boson-phermion oscillators. We extend the supercoherent states formalism to such supersymmetic systems via the pseudo-unitary supersymmetric displacement operator method. The constructed family of these supercoherent states consists of two dual subfamilies that form a bi-overcomplete and bi-normal system in the boson-phermion Fock space. The states of each subfamily are eigenvectors of the boson annihilation operator and of one of the two phermion lowering operators.
Implementation of Traveling Odd Schrödinger Cat States in Circuit-QED
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Jaewoo Joo
2016-10-01
Full Text Available We propose a realistic scheme of generating a traveling odd Schrödinger cat state and a generalized entangled coherent state in circuit quantum electrodynamics (circuit-QED. A squeezed vacuum state is used as the initial resource of nonclassical states, which can be created through a Josephson traveling-wave parametric amplifier, and travels through a transmission line. Because a single-photon subtraction from the squeezed vacuum gives an odd Schrödinger cat state with very high fidelity, we consider a specific circuit-QED setup consisting of the Josephson amplifier creating the traveling resource in a line, a beam-splitter coupling two transmission lines, and a single photon detector located at the end of the other line. When a single microwave photon is detected by measuring the excited state of a superconducting qubit in the detector, a heralded cat state is generated with high fidelity in the opposite line. For example, we show that the high fidelity of the outcome with the ideal cat state can be achieved with appropriate squeezing parameters theoretically. As its extended setup, we suggest that generalized entangled coherent states can be also built probabilistically and that they are useful for microwave quantum information processing for error-correctable qudits in circuit-QED.
Theoretical study on decay of the 4d core-excited states of Cs III
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Ding Xiaobin; Dong Chenzhong; Fritzsche, Stephan
2008-01-01
In a recent XUV photoabsorption spectrum of Cs III ions by Cummings and O'Sullivan [2001 J. Phys. B 34 199], rather large linewidths were found for the 4d 9 5s 2 5p 6 – 4d 10 5s 2 5p 5 transition which are quite in disagreement with corresponding quasi-relativistic multiconfiguration Hartree–Fock (MCHF) calculation. In the present work, a detailed multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock study has been carried out to explore this discrepancy. Owing to the detailed consideration of electron correlation effects, some 'forbidden' Auger decay channels, such as 4d 10 5s 2 5p 3 5d and 4d 10 5s 0 5p 6 , would become 'open'. As a result, remarkable improvement of the linewidths has been obtained in our calculation. Furthermore, the theoretical Auger spectrum of the 4d 9 5s 2 5p 6 core-excited states of Cs III ions is given in the present work
Thrombosed Popliteal Artery Pseudoaneurysm as Herald of Tibial Osteochondroma
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
A.M. Ruales Romero
Full Text Available Background: Osteochondroma is the most common non-malignant tumour of bone, accounting for approximately one third of benign lesions in the skeleton. They often develop around the knee in the distal femur and in the proximal tibia and fibula. They present as a painless slow growing mass during adolescence and have been reported to cause damage to adjacent structures such as blood vessels; arterial damage is more common than venous injury and is usually a result of compression, stretching, and rubbing of the arterial wall. Such lesions include stenosis, thrombosis, and pseudoaneurysm formation possibly causing lower limb claudication or acute limb ischemia. Methods: An 18 year old male patient with a 4 week history of pain, hematoma, and oedema of the left calf without previous trauma is reported. A computed tomography scan (CT revealed a large popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm and its close relationship to a protrusion of the proximal tibia. Results: The popliteal artery was repaired by an external saphenous patch and the exostosis was removed. The patient had palpable popliteal and distal pulses after surgery and during the first year follow-up. Conclusions: Tibial osteochondroma should be considered in the differential diagnosis in young patients, among the potential causes of pseudoaneurysm of the femoral or popliteal artery. Surgical repair should be performed to restore normal blood flow with resection of the exostosis to prevent recurrence. Keywords: Popliteal artery, Pseudoaneurysm, Tibial exostosis, Osteochondroma
Heralding the authoritarian? Orientation toward authority in early childhood.
Reifen Tagar, Michal; Federico, Christopher M; Lyons, Kristen E; Ludeke, Steven; Koenig, Melissa A
2014-04-01
In the research reported here, we examined whether individual differences in authoritarianism have expressions in early childhood. We expected that young children would be more responsive to cues of deviance and status to the extent that their parents endorsed authoritarian values. Using a sample of 43 preschoolers and their parents, we found support for both expectations. Children of parents high in authoritarianism trusted adults who adhered to convention (vs. adults who did not) more than did children of parents low in authoritarianism. Furthermore, compared with children of parents low in authoritarianism, children of parents high in authoritarianism gave greater weight to a status-based "adult = reliable" heuristic in trusting an ambiguously conventional adult. Findings were consistent using two different measures of parents' authoritarian values. These findings demonstrate that children's trust-related behaviors vary reliably with their parents' orientations toward authority and convention, and suggest that individual differences in authoritarianism express themselves well before early adulthood.
G8 decision on fusion would herald nuclear future
Starck, Peter
2005-01-01
Nuclear fusion as a future abundant energy source would receive a boost if G8 leaders agree next month on the site for the world's first fusion test reactor, two nuclear scientists said on Wednesday (1 page)
Heralded Magnetism in Non-Hermitian Atomic Systems
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Tony E. Lee
2014-10-01
Full Text Available Quantum phase transitions are usually studied in terms of Hermitian Hamiltonians. However, cold-atom experiments are intrinsically non-Hermitian because of spontaneous decay. Here, we show that non-Hermitian systems exhibit quantum phase transitions that are beyond the paradigm of Hermitian physics. We consider the non-Hermitian XY model, which can be implemented using three-level atoms with spontaneous decay. We exactly solve the model in one dimension and show that there is a quantum phase transition from short-range order to quasi-long-range order despite the absence of a continuous symmetry in the Hamiltonian. The ordered phase has a frustrated spin pattern. The critical exponent ν can be 1 or 1/2. Our results can be seen experimentally with trapped ions, cavity QED, and atoms in optical lattices.
Cryptogenic pyogenic liver abscess as the herald of colon cancer.
Jeong, Soung Won; Jang, Jae Young; Lee, Tae Hee; Kim, Hyun Gun; Hong, Sung Wook; Park, Seung Hoon; Kim, Sang Gyune; Cheon, Young Koog; Kim, Young Seok; Cho, Young Deok; Kim, Jin-Oh; Kim, Boo Sung; Lee, Eun Jung; Kim, Tae Hyong
2012-02-01
Colonic mucosal defects might be a route for bacterial invasion into the portal system, with subsequent hematogenous spread to the liver. We retrospectively investigated the results of colonoscopy and the clinical characteristics of patients with pyogenic liver abscess of colonic origin. A total of 230 consecutive patients with pyogenic liver abscess were reviewed between 2003 and 2010. The 230 patients were categorized into three groups (pancreatobiliary [n = 135], cryptogenic [n = 81], and others [n = 14]). Of the 81 cryptogenic patients, 37 (45.7%) underwent colonoscopy. Colonic lesions with mucosal defects were considered colonic causes of abscess. In the 37 colonoscopic investigations, colon cancer was found in six patients (16.2%), laterally-spreading tumor (LST) in two patients (5.4%), multiple colon ulcers in one patient (2.7%), colon polyps in 17 patients (45.9%), and diverticula in four patients (10.8%). Nine (11%) of 81 cryptogenic abscesses were therefore reclassified as being of colonic origin (colon cancer = 6, LST = 2, ulcer = 1). Three cases were stage III colon cancer, and the others were stage I. Two LST were high-grade dysplasia. The percentage of patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae) and diabetes mellitus (DM) of colonic origin was 66.7%, which was significantly higher than the 8.6% for other causes (P colonic cause. Colonoscopy should be considered for the detection of hidden colonic malignant lesions in patients with cryptogenic pyogenic liver abscess, especially for patients with K. pneumoniae and DM. © 2011 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and Blackwell Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
PAMELA mission: heralding a new era in cosmic ray physics
Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)
Ricciarini S. B.
2014-04-01
Full Text Available After seven years of data taking in space, the experiment PAMELA is showing very interesting features in cosmic rays, namely in the fluxes of protons, helium, electrons, that might change our basic vision of the mechanisms of production, acceleration and propagation of cosmic rays in the galaxy. In addition, PAMELA measurements of cosmic antiproton and positron fluxes are setting strong constraints to the nature of Dark Matter. The continuous particle detection is allowing a constant monitoring of the solar activity and detailed study of the solar modulation for a long period, giving important improvements to the comprehension of the heliosphere mechanisms. PAMELA is also measuring the radiation environment around the Earth, and has recently discovered an antiproton radiation belt.
Constrained Hartree-Fock and beyond
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Berger, J.F.; Girod, M.; Gogny, D.
1989-01-01
Completely microscopic descriptions of the fission phenomenon based on the nuclear mean field theory and its extensions are reviewed. The basic ideas underlying this kind of approach and the way one can set up a consistent microscopic dynamical model of the low energy fission process are presented. The main difficulties encountered in earlier calculations when trying to reproduce experimental fission barriers and to account for scission are recalled. We describe the method by which these difficulties have been overcome and discuss recent results. They concern a proposed interpretation for the scission mechanism and 'cold fission' events. Other issues like adiabaticity in the descent from the second saddle to scission and odd-even effects in cold fission are also discussed. (orig.)
Quasihomogeneous function method and Fock's problem
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Smyshlyaev, V.P.
1987-01-01
The diffraction of a high-frequency wave by a smooth convex body near the tangency point of the limiting ray to the surface is restated as the scattering problem for the Schrodinger equation with a linear potential on a half-axis. Various prior estimates for the scattering problem are used in order to prove existence, uniqueness, and smoothness theorems. The corresponding solution satisfies the principle of limiting absorption. The formal solution of the corresponding Schrodinger equation in the form of quasihomogeneous functions is essentially used in their constructions
Journal of Education Finance, 2017
2017-01-01
In 2016, a group of school finance scholars and public school practitioners gathered in Jacksonville, Florida, for the National Education Finance Academy's annual conference to discuss, among an array of topics, the state of P-20 finance in all 50 states. At the roundtable discussion, 36 states were represented, and scholars representing 30 states…
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bozkaya, Uğur, E-mail: ugur.bozkaya@atauni.edu.tr [Department of Chemistry, Atatürk University, Erzurum 25240, Turkey and Department of Chemistry, Middle East Technical University, Ankara 06800 (Turkey)
2014-09-28
General analytic gradient expressions (with the frozen-core approximation) are presented for density-fitted post-HF methods. An efficient implementation of frozen-core analytic gradients for the second-order Møller–Plesset perturbation theory (MP2) with the density-fitting (DF) approximation (applying to both reference and correlation energies), which is denoted as DF-MP2, is reported. The DF-MP2 method is applied to a set of alkanes, conjugated dienes, and noncovalent interaction complexes to compare the computational cost of single point analytic gradients with MP2 with the resolution of the identity approach (RI-MP2) [F. Weigend and M. Häser, Theor. Chem. Acc. 97, 331 (1997); R. A. Distasio, R. P. Steele, Y. M. Rhee, Y. Shao, and M. Head-Gordon, J. Comput. Chem. 28, 839 (2007)]. In the RI-MP2 method, the DF approach is used only for the correlation energy. Our results demonstrate that the DF-MP2 method substantially accelerate the RI-MP2 method for analytic gradient computations due to the reduced input/output (I/O) time. Because in the DF-MP2 method the DF approach is used for both reference and correlation energies, the storage of 4-index electron repulsion integrals (ERIs) are avoided, 3-index ERI tensors are employed instead. Further, as in case of integrals, our gradient equation is completely avoid construction or storage of the 4-index two-particle density matrix (TPDM), instead we use 2- and 3-index TPDMs. Hence, the I/O bottleneck of a gradient computation is significantly overcome. Therefore, the cost of the generalized-Fock matrix (GFM), TPDM, solution of Z-vector equations, the back transformation of TPDM, and integral derivatives are substantially reduced when the DF approach is used for the entire energy expression. Further application results show that the DF approach introduce negligible errors for closed-shell reaction energies and equilibrium bond lengths.
Ground state properties of new element Z=113 and its alpha decay chain
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Tai Fei; Chen Dinghan; Xu Chang; Ren Zhongzhou
2005-01-01
The authors investigate the ground state properties of the new element 278 113 and of the α-decay chain with different models, where the new element Z=113 has been produced at RIKEN in Japan by cold-fusion reaction. The experimental decay energies are reproduced by the deformed relativistic mean-field model, by the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock (SHF) model, and by the macroscopic-microscopic model. Theoretical half-lives also reasonably agree with the data. Calculations further show that prolate deformation is important for the ground states of the nuclei in the α-decay chain of 278 113. The common points and differences among different models are compared and discussed. (author)
Langhoff, P. W.; Winstead, C. L.
Early studies of the electronically excited states of molecules by John A. Pople and coworkers employing ab initio single-excitation configuration interaction (SECI) calculations helped to simulate related applications of these methods to the partial-channel photoionization cross sections of polyatomic molecules. The Gaussian representations of molecular orbitals adopted by Pople and coworkers can describe SECI continuum states when sufficiently large basis sets are employed. Minimal-basis virtual Fock orbitals stabilized in the continuous portions of such SECI spectra are generally associated with strong photoionization resonances. The spectral attributes of these resonance orbitals are illustrated here by revisiting previously reported experimental and theoretical studies of molecular formaldehyde (H2CO) in combination with recently calculated continuum orbital amplitudes.
Ground state analysis of magnetic nanographene molecules with modified edge
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Gorjizadeh, Narjes; Ota, Norio; Kawazoe, Yoshiyuki
2013-01-01
Highlights: ► Graphene molecules can become ferromagnetic by edge modifications. ► Dihydrogenation of one zigzag edge of rectangular flakes make them ferromagnetic. ► Triangular flakes become high-spin state by dehydrogenization of one zigzag edge. - Abstract: We study spin states of edge modified nanographene molecules with rectangular and triangular shapes by first principle calculations using density functional theory (DFT) and Hartree–Fock (HF) methods with Møller–Plesset (MP) correlation energy correction at different levels. Anthracene (C 14 H 10 ) and phenalenyl (C 13 H 9 ), which contain three benzene rings combined in two different ways, can be considered as fragments of a graphene sheet. Carbon-based ferromagnetic materials are of great interest both in fundamental science and technological potential in organic spintronics devices. We show that non-magnetic rectangular molecules such as C 14 H 10 can become ferromagnetic with high-spin state as the ground state by dihydrogenization of one of the zigzag edges, while triangular molecules such as C 13 H 9 become ferromagnetic with high-spin state by dehydrogenization of one of the zigzag edges
Quantum teleportation from a telecom-wavelength photon to a solid-state quantum memory
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Bussieres, Felix [Group of Applied Physics, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
2014-07-01
Quantum teleportation is a cornerstone of quantum information science due to its essential role in several important tasks such as the long-distance transmission of quantum information using quantum repeaters. In this context, a challenge of paramount importance is the distribution of entanglement between remote nodes, and to use this entanglement as a resource for long-distance light-to-matter quantum teleportation. In this talk I will report on the demonstration of quantum teleportation of the polarization state of a telecom-wavelength photon onto the state of a solid-state quantum memory. Entanglement is established between a rare-earth-ion doped crystal storing a single photon that is polarization-entangled with a flying telecom-wavelength photon. The latter is jointly measured with another flying qubit carrying the polarization state to be teleported, which heralds the teleportation. The fidelity of the polarization state of the photon retrieved from the memory is shown to be greater than the maximum fidelity achievable without entanglement, even when the combined distances travelled by the two flying qubits is 25 km of standard optical fibre. This light-to-matter teleportation channel paves the way towards long-distance implementations of quantum networks with solid-state quantum memories.
Sears, John S.; Koerzdoerfer, Thomas; Zhang, Cai-Rong; Brédas, Jean-Luc
2011-10-01
Long-range corrected hybrids represent an increasingly popular class of functionals for density functional theory (DFT) that have proven to be very successful for a wide range of chemical applications. In this Communication, we examine the performance of these functionals for time-dependent (TD)DFT descriptions of triplet excited states. Our results reveal that the triplet energies are particularly sensitive to the range-separation parameter; this sensitivity can be traced back to triplet instabilities in the ground state coming from the large effective amounts of Hartree-Fock exchange included in these functionals. As such, the use of standard long-range corrected functionals for the description of triplet states at the TDDFT level is not recommended.
Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)
Steuernagel, O.
1996-07-01
Themes of this thesis are the mathematical representation, measurement-technical reconstruction, and preparation of quantum states as well as their alteration by measurement. The main topics of the considerations are quantum-mechanical system states, the complet description of which pursues by means of density operators. The first chapter presents a general mathematical scheme for the representaion of density operators by means of projection operators. The second chapter explains a scheme for the syntehsis of Fock states by means of a linear mixer. The third chapter answers the question, whether spontaneous emitted light, which is emitted by an atom with large spatial extension, can show self-interferences and lets conclude on thee coherent structure of the c.m. wave function of the emitting atom. The last chapter reconstructs measurement results on the coherence loss of atoms in an atomic-beam experiment by spontaneous emission in the language of the density-operator formalism.
Quantum communication for satellite-to-ground networks with partially entangled states
International Nuclear Information System (INIS)
Chen Na; Quan Dong-Xiao; Pei Chang-Xing; Yang-Hong
2015-01-01
To realize practical wide-area quantum communication, a satellite-to-ground network with partially entangled states is developed in this paper. For efficiency and security reasons, the existing method of quantum communication in distributed wireless quantum networks with partially entangled states cannot be applied directly to the proposed quantum network. Based on this point, an efficient and secure quantum communication scheme with partially entangled states is presented. In our scheme, the source node performs teleportation only after an end-to-end entangled state has been established by entanglement swapping with partially entangled states. Thus, the security of quantum communication is guaranteed. The destination node recovers the transmitted quantum bit with the help of an auxiliary quantum bit and specially defined unitary matrices. Detailed calculations and simulation analyses show that the probability of successfully transferring a quantum bit in the presented scheme is high. In addition, the auxiliary quantum bit provides a heralded mechanism for successful communication. Based on the critical components that are presented in this article an efficient, secure, and practical wide-area quantum communication can be achieved. (paper)