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Sample records for hepatic cysts mimicking

  1. CT findings of ciliated hepatic foregut cyst mimicking metastasis: a case report

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    Kwak, Hyo Sung; Lee, Jeong Min; Kim, In Hwan [Chonbuk National University Hospital, Chonju (Korea, Republic of); Moon, Woo Sung [Medical School, Chonbuk National University, Chonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-07-01

    Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst (CHFC) is a rare benign lesion consisting of ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium, loose subepithelium, loose subepithelial connective tissue, a smooth muscle layer, and an outer fibrous capsule. we encountered a patient with retroperitoneal and posterior mediastinal neurilemmoma and additional CHFC mimicking metastasis. Abdominal CT examination demonstrated that the posterior mediastinal and retroperitoneal lesions were lobulated, well-defined tumors with aneural foraminal extension that were pathologically confirmed as neurilemmomas. Unenhanced CT indicated that the additional lesion was a slightly hypodense mass relative to surrounding parenchyma at the medial segment of the left lobe of the liver, and after the IV administration of contrast material, the lesion did not show enhancement. (author)

  2. Traumatic bone cyst mimicking radicular cyst.

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    Dincer, Onur; Kose, Taha Emre; Cankaya, Abdulkadir Burak; Aybar, Buket

    2012-12-09

    Traumatic bone cysts were first defined by Lucas and Blum in 1929. It is classified as an intraosseous pseudocyst. They are asymptomatic and are usually seen during routine radiographical examination. According to the 2002 classification of the WHO, traumatic bone cysts are in miscellaneous lesions. This report describes a 16-year-old male patient who had a traumatic bone cyst that mimicked a radicular cyst.

  3. Primary Ovarian and Pararectal Hydatid Cysts Mimicking Pelvic Endometriosis

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    Mehmet Karaman

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of 48-year-old woman with multiple hydatid cysts in pararectal region and right paraovarian localization with an unusual sonographic and computed tomographic presentation mimicking a pelvic endometriosis. During laparotomy, multiple pararectal and right ovarian cysts resembling endometriosis were resected. Pathologic examination gives the diagnosis of hydatid cysts. Retrospectively, we investigate the primary infection but the patient had no history of hepatic and liver involvement, it is a case of primary infection

  4. Nasolabial Cyst Mimicking a Radicular Cyst

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    R Kanmani

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Nasolabial cyst is an uncommon nonodontogenic, developmental cyst, originating in maxillofacial soft tissues characterised by its extraosseous location in nasal alar region. This cyst is frequently asymptomatic with most usual sign being alar nose elevation. Its frequency is around 0.7% of cysts of the jaws and 2.5% of the nonodontogenic cyst. A case report of a nasolabial cyst for which a radiographic contrast medium was used in order to localise the lesion is discussed. This article documents the presentation and management of nasolabial cyst in a 50-year-old woman and discusses the considerations related to the diagnosis.

  5. Inflammatory dentigerous cyst mimicking a periapical cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Priya Gupta; Manveen Kaur Jawanda; Ravi Narula; Jasheena Singh

    2016-01-01

    Odontogenic cysts are the most common form of cystic lesions that affect the maxillofacial region. The low frequency of dentigerous cysts in children has been reported in dental literature. Dentigerous cysts arise as a result of cystic change in the remains of the enamel organ after the process of enamel formation is complete. They enclose the crown of an unerupted tooth and are attached to the cementoenamel junction. Although most dentigerous cysts are considered developmental cysts, some ca...

  6. Simple bone cyst of mandible mimicking periapical cyst.

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    Hs, Charan Babu; Rai, Bhagawan Das; Nair, Manju A; Astekar, Madhusudan S

    2012-05-29

    Simple bone cysts (SBC) are pseudocysts occurring less commonly in the maxillofacial region. The uncertain and unclear etiopathogenesis led to numerous synonyms to refer this particular cyst. These cysts are devoid of an epithelial lining and are usually empty or contain blood or straw-colored fluid. In jaws initially it mimics a periapical cyst and later can lead to cortical bone expansion warranting for radical approach, which is seldom required. SBC is predominantly diagnosed in first two decades of life. Here we report a case of solitary bone cyst mimicking a periapical cyst of a mandibular molar in a 37-year-old patient.

  7. Simple bone cyst of mandible mimicking periapical cyst

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    Charan Babu HS

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Simple bone cysts (SBC are pseudocysts occurring less commonly in the maxillofacial region. The uncertain and unclear etiopathogenesis led to numerous synonyms to refer this particular cyst. These cysts are devoid of an epithelial lining and are usually empty or contain blood or straw-colored fluid. In jaws initially it mimics a periapical cyst and later can lead to cortical bone expansion warranting for radical approach, which is seldom required. SBC is predominantly diagnosed in first two decades of life. Here we report a case of solitary bone cyst mimicking a periapical cyst of a mandibular molar in a 37-year-old patient.

  8. Inflammatory dentigerous cyst mimicking a periapical cyst

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    Priya Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Odontogenic cysts are the most common form of cystic lesions that affect the maxillofacial region. The low frequency of dentigerous cysts in children has been reported in dental literature. Dentigerous cysts arise as a result of cystic change in the remains of the enamel organ after the process of enamel formation is complete. They enclose the crown of an unerupted tooth and are attached to the cementoenamel junction. Although most dentigerous cysts are considered developmental cysts, some cases seem to have an inflammatory origin. The purpose of this report is to present a case of an 8-year-old male patient with a dentigerous cyst of inflammatory origin.

  9. More than simple hepatic cysts

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    Daniela Tabacelia

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Caroli diseaseis a rare congenital disorder that classically causes saccular dilatation of the bile ducts. The complications of Caroli include choledochal cysts with recurrent cholangitis, abscess formation, septicaemia, intrahepatic lithiasis and amyloidosis.We report a rare case of a young female with Caroli disease pointing out the intrahepatic lithiasis as a rare complication of the disease. Learning points Caroli disease is an uncommon condition that should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hepatic essential cysts. Clinically, it is characterized of recurrent episodes of fever and pain. The correct and early diagnostic is important because of the different complications and treatment unlike the essential hepatic cysts.

  10. Anterior sacral meningocele mimicking ovarian cyst: a case report.

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    Polat, Ahmet Veysel; Belet, Umit; Aydin, Ramazan; Katranci, Seckin

    2013-03-01

    Anterior sacral meningocele (ASM) is a rare congenital anomaly, characterized by herniation through a defect in the anterior aspect of the sacrum. We reported a case of ASM associated with neurofibromatosis, which was mimicking a complex ovarian cyst in ultrasonography. ASM can easily be misdiagnosed as an ovarian cyst and needle aspiration can cause intracranial hypotension syndrome or even death.

  11. Metastatic Malignant Melanoma Mimicking Benign Breast Cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Marius Lund-Iversen; Olav Inge Håskjold; Hiep Phuc Dong; Aasmund Berner

    2011-01-01

    Benign cysts are one of the most common mass-occupying lesions of the breast and are often investigated with triple diagnostic trial (clinical examination, radiology, and cytology). Malignant melanoma is one of medicine's imitators, and metastatic disease can mimic cysts. Thorough investigation of any breast mass is essential to clarify its nature.

  12. Giant Tarsal Keratinous Cyst Mimicking Chalazion

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    Melis Palamar Onay

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Reports on keratinous cysts involving the tarsal plate are very rare. Herein, we present a 69-year-old male patient with a giant tarsal keratinous cyst of the right upper eyelid who was misdiagnosed as chalazion of the eyelid. Interventional case report with cytopathologic correlation. Due to recurrence after the surgery for presumed chalazion, the patient was referred to our clinic for tumor evaluation. In the second surgery, which was performed in our clinic, the lesion was found to have a fine capsule and was totally excised. Histopathologic examination revealed keratinous cyst of the tarsal plate. Keratinous cyst must be considered in the differential diagnosis of tarsal plate lesions, as the curettage of the keratinous cyst might result in multiple recurrences. (Turk J Ophthalmol 2013; 43: 138-9

  13. Appendix mucocele mimicking a complex ovarian cyst

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Demirci, Rojbin Karakoyun; Habibi, Mani; Karakaş, Barış Rafet; Buluş, Hakan; Akkoca, Muzaffer; Öner, Osman Zekai

    2015-01-01

    .... This study describes the case of a 26-year-old female for whom surgical intervention for a complex ovarian cyst was planned, but who instead underwent laparoscopic appendectomy because appendiceal...

  14. Primary pelvic hydatic cyst mimicking ovarian carcinoma

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    Faruk Abike

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Hydatic cyst is an illness that appears in consequence of the cystic form of small strap-shaped worm Echinococcus granulosis. Frequently, cysts exist in the lungs and liver. Peritoneal involvement is rare, and generally occurs as a result of second inoculation from rupture of a liver-located hydatic cyst. Primary ovarian hydatic cyst is very rare. A 56-year-old female patient was admitted to Emergency Service with the complaint of stomachache and swollen abdomen. From ultrasonographic examination, a right ovarian 52 × 45-mm heterogeneous semi-solid cystic mass and right hydronephrosis were detected. As a result of the tomographic examination, the right ovarian growth was judged to be a 60 × 45-mm lobule contoured, septal, heterogeneously cystic mass (ovarian carcinoma. Depending on these indicators and with the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma, laparotomy was planned. During the observation, a mass that compressed on the right ureter and dilatation in the right ureter were determined. The mass was approximately 6 cm long and smoothly contoured, including widespread adhesions, and also obliteration of the pouch of Douglas. The mass was excised and total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy performed. After a pathological examination, hydatid cyst was diagnosed. Although pointing at the issue of the distinctive diagnosis of pelvic and peritoneal mass, it should be realized that the existence of primary peritoneal and pelvic involvement of the hydatic cyst is generally a result of the second inoculation, and is also more common in regions in which Echinococcus granulosa is endemic and livestock production is prevalent.

  15. A study on radicular cysts of primary teeth mimicking dentigerous cysts

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    Cho, Bong Hae; Nah, Kyung Soo [Dept. of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-08-15

    20 radicular cysts of primary teeth mimicking dentigerous cyst were reviewed. The following results were obtained. 1. The patients' age ranged from 7 to 14 years. Males(60%) were more involved than females (40%). 2. The mandible (85%) was affected more frequently than the maxilla (15%). The mandibular deciduous molar area (80%) was the most frequently involved. 3. The diameter of the cyst varied from 10 to 30 mm. 55% of permanent successors showed underdeveloped roots less than one-third. 4. The etiologic factors were pulp-treated teeth (65%), severe caries (20%), trauma (10%), deep amalgam filling (5%).

  16. Hepatic sarcoidosis mimicking liver cancer

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    Yu, Kang-Kang; Liu, Han-Qiu; Zhou, Zhong-Wen; Chen, Ming-Quan

    2015-01-01

    We present a case of a 50-year-old woman with multiple occupations in the liver. Liver cancer was strongly suspected initially according to the results of imaging examination. However, sarcoidosis was confirmed subsequently by liver biopsy, so methylprednisolone was then prescribed and the patient showed favorable therapeutic response. This case report suggests that hepatic mass in Chinese patients without any history of hepatitis virus infection should be carefully investigated before giving...

  17. Giant cystic sacral schwannoma mimicking tarlov cyst: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Attiah, Mark A; Syre, Peter P; Pierce, John; Belyaeva, Elizaveta; Welch, William C

    2016-05-01

    To present a rare case of a giant schwannoma of the sacrum mimicking a Tarlov cyst. A 58-year-old woman had a 1-year history of low back pain. MRI revealed a large cystic mass in the sacral canal with bony erosion. Radiological diagnosis of Tarlov cyst was made. The patient underwent surgical treatment for the lesion, which revealed a solid mass. Histopathological examination of the tumor confirmed the diagnosis of schwannoma. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient has had significant improvement in her pain 1 month postoperatively. Giant cystic schwannoma of the sacrum is a very rare diagnosis overlooked by practitioners for more common cystic etiologies, but its treatment is significantly different. Care should be taken to include this diagnosis in a differential for a cystic sacral mass.

  18. Littoral cell angioma mimicking hepatic tumor

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    Wenhua Liang

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Littoral cell angioma is a rare vascular tumor of the spleen that was described by Falk et al. in 1991. Because of the limited number, untypical imaging manifestations, and lack of knowledge on this tumor type, these tumors are often misdiagnosed. In most cases, the tumor presents with multiple small hypoattenuating nodules in the spleen with delayed enhancement. However, solitary littoral cell angiomas have not been well described. We present the CT features of an unusual littoral cell angioma mimicking hepatic tumor.

  19. Multilocular peritoneal inclusion cyst mimicking an ovarian tumor: A case report

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Anju; Sehgal, Alka; Mohan, Harsh

    2015-01-01

    Peritoneal inclusion cysts are uncommon abdominopelvic cysts seen in perimenopausal women. It is often misdiagnosed clinically as an ovarian tumor due to similar presentation and mimicking findings on radiology. We describe a perimenopausal woman presenting with pelvic mass. Her clinical finding on radiology suggested an ovarian tumor; however, biopsy revealed it as peritoneal inclusion cysts. We discuss the possible ways to avoid such mistakes.

  20. A Retroperitoneal Isolated Enteric Duplication Cyst Mimicking a Teratoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

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    Daichi Momosaka

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Enteric duplication cysts lacking anatomic association with the gastrointestinal tract are called isolated enteric duplication cysts (IEDCs. We present an atypical case of a retroperitoneal IEDC with a tortuous tubular complex shape that enfolded the surrounding retroperitoneal fat and mimicked a retroperitoneal teratoma. Multiplanar reconstruction images should be used to evaluate such a lesion correctly. A tortuous tubular complex shape could be a key finding to differentiate from other retroperitoneal cysts.

  1. Diagnostic criteria in renal and hepatic cyst infection

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    Lantinga, M.A.; Drenth, J.P.H.; Gevers, T.J.

    2015-01-01

    Cyst infection is a severe complication of renal and hepatic cystic disease that frequently leads to hospitalization. In most cases the diagnosis of cyst infection is made empirically as a cyst aspirate is frequently unavailable. This study aims to evaluate diagnostic criteria, microbiological

  2. Mesothelial Cyst of the Round Ligament Mimicking a Metastasis: a Case Report

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    Kim, Bo Mi; Lee, Ji Young; Han, Yoon Hee; Kim, Su Young; Seo, Jung Wook; Kim, Yong Hoon; Cha, Soon Joo; Hur, Gham; Joo, Mee; Lee, Eung Soo [Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University, School of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-06-15

    A mesothelial cyst of the round ligament is a rare cause of an inguinal mass. Clinically, it is frequently misdiagnosed as one of commoner diseases such as an inguinal hernia, femoral hernia, lipoma, and lymphadenopathy upon physical examination. Some previous reports elaborated the sonographic features of a mesothelial cyst of the round ligament. However, to our knowledge, few reports have described the CT features of a mesothelial cyst. We illustrated here the sonographic and multidetector CT features of a case of a mesothelial cyst of the round ligament that presented as an inguinal palpable mass and mimicked a metastasis in a patient with a Sertoli-Leydig cell tumor of the ovary.

  3. Epidermoid/Dermoid cysts mimicking odontogenic infections: review of literature

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    Amin Rahpeyma

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Dermoid/Epidermoid cysts are rare pathologic lesions that may involve the floor of the mouth. Infection and inflammation of the cyst can produce a clinical picture very similar to the submandibular and submental abscesses with odontogenic origin. Dermoid/epidermoid cysts are on the floor of the mouth with submental or submandibular component can be mistaken for odontogenic infections. Methods: Four biopsy proven dermoid/epidermoid cysts operated in the Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Ghaem hospital (2012-2013, were reviewed. Results: Four patients, including two classic cases and two infected dermoid/epidermoid cysts, were erroneously diagnosed as odontogenic infection. Discussion: The lesions located solely below mylohyoid muscle need to be removed through anextraoral approach but the lesions above the mylohyoid muscle or those that have both supra- and infra-mylohyoid components can be removed through an intraoral incision.Conclusion: Dermoid/epidermoid cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of submental/submandibular swellings. In the absence of an odontogenic cause of infection, fine-needle aspiration biopsy and appropriate imaging evaluation techniques with sonography, CT or MRI are mandatory for correct diagnosis and surgical treatment planning. The clinicians should be very cautious to differentiate odontogenic infections from infected dermoid/epidermoid cysts.

  4. Atypical hepatic hemangiomas with multiple calcifications mimicking hepatic metastases: case report

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    Kim, Hyung Hwan; Kim, Hyun Cheol; Shin, Hyeong Cheol; Park, Seong Il; Kim, Hong Soo; Bae, Won Kyung; Kim, Il Young [Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of); Oh, Mee Hye; Yang, Seung Ha [College of Medicine, Soonchunhyang Univ., Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-07-01

    Although hepatic hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of the liver, it is rarely associated with calcifications. We report on the case of an asymptomatic 58-year-old man in whom multiple hepatic masses containing calcifications were discovered incidentally at ultrasonography. The radiologic features mimicked those of multiple hepatic metastases.

  5. Tetracycline hydrochloride sclerotherapy; renal, hepatic, ovarian, and perivesical cysts

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    Kim, Ju Ho; Yang, Jae Bum; Gong, Jae Chul; Kwon, Hye Soo [Inchon Christian Hospital, Inchon (Korea, Republic of)

    2000-11-01

    To assess the efficacy and resulting complications of tetracycline sclerotherapy in renal, hepatic, ovarian, and perivesical cysts. We retrospectively reviewed 23 cases of benign cysts (16 renal, 4 hepatic, 2 ovarian, and 1 perivesical) in 22 patients in whom the condition was diagnosed or confirmed by either ultrasound, CT, or cytology, and who underwent percutaneous tetracycline sclerotherapy. Using a 21-gauge Chiba needle, the target cyst was punctured under ultrasound guidance. Prior to the injection of 1500 mg of tetracycline diluted in 5 ml of normal saline, almost all the cystic content was aspirated, and at the end of the procedure the tetracycline was left in the cyst. During a period of between 3 and 22 months, 18 of the 23 cases were followed up. In six of the 18 cases followed up, the cysts either decreased in size by 10%, or collapsed completely. In seven cases a collapse of over 50% was noted, and in the remaining five the cyst recurred. In one of these, complete collapse occurred after retreatment at ten months, and the patient with a perivesical cyst underwent surgery six months after recurrence. Thus, treatment was effective (a collapse of at least 50%) in 13 of 18 cases (72.2%). This total of 13 comprised ten of 12 renal cysts (83.3%), two of two ovarian (100%), and one of three hepatic (33.3%). Percutaneous therapy was unsuccessful in five cases (two hepatic cysts, one renal, one parapelvic and one perivesical). Complications occurring during the procedure or follow-up period included discomfort or mild pain, vomiting, and transient fever, though these subsided within 24 hours. In one patient with severe pain, this subsided after four days. As single-shot injection of tetracycline provides safe and effective treatment for renal and ovarian cysts, but for hepatic cysts is unsuccessful.

  6. Giant Renal Cyst Mimicking Ascites on Abdominal Ultrasonography

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    Martin Borovec

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available An article describes diagnostic difficulties in patient with giant renal cyst, erroneously diagnosed as ascites on ultrasonographic examination. Patient was initially suspected to have disseminated intraabdominal malignancy. Abdominal paracentesis of supposed ascites was performed. The diagnosis of giant renal cyst was finally made by CT and patient was treated surgically. The limitations of ultrasonographic examination are pointed out are and a brief review of similar cases is given.

  7. Hemobilia caused by a ruptured hepatic cyst: a case report

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    Dutta Sudhir

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Hemobilia is a rare cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. More than 50% of hemobilia cases are related to iatrogenic trauma from hepatobiliary procedures, and needle biopsy of the liver represents the most common cause. A minority of hemobilia cases are due to hepatobiliary disorders such as cholangitis, hepatobiliary cancers, choledocholithiasis, and vascular abnormalities in the liver. The classic presentation of hemobilia is the triad of right upper quadrant (biliary pain, obstructive jaundice, and upper gastrointestinal bleeding. We report a rare case of hemobilia caused by a spontaneous hepatic cyst rupture, where our patient presented without the classical symptoms, in the absence of therapeutic or pathological coagulopathy, and in the absence of spontaneous or iatrogenic trauma. Case presentation A 91-year-old African-American woman was referred to our out-patient gastroenterology clinic for evaluation of mild epigastric pain and intermittent melena. An abdominal computed tomography scan was remarkable for multiple hepatic cysts. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed multiple blood clots at the ampulla of Vater. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography showed a single 18 mm-sized filling defect in the common hepatic duct wall at the junction of the right and left hepatic duct, adjacent to one of the hepatic cysts. The ruptured hepatic cyst communicated to the bile ducts and was the cause of hemobilia with an atypical clinical presentation. Conclusion Hemobilia is an infrequent cause of upper gastrointestinal bleeding and rarely occurs due to hepatic cyst rupture. To the best of our knowledge, this is only the second case report in the literature that describes hemobilia due to hepatic cyst rupture. However, it is the first case in the literature of hemobilia due to hepatic cyst rupture in the absence of iatrogenic or spontaneous trauma, and in the absence of a spontaneous or pathological coagulopathy.

  8. Unilocular extrahepatic biliary cystadenoma mimicking choledochal cyst: a case report

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    Park, Ju Hyun; Lee, Dong Ho; Kim, Hyoung Jung; Ko, Young Tae; Lim, Joo Won; Yang, Moon Ho [Kyunghee University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2004-12-15

    We report here on a case of extrahepatic biliary cystadenoma arising from the common hepatic duct. A 42-year-old woman was evaluated by us to find the cause of her jaundice. Ultrasonography and CT showed a cystic dilatation of the common hepatic duct and also marked dilatation of the intrahepatic duct. Direct cholangiography demonstrated a large filling defect between the left hepatic duct and the common hepatic duct; dilatation of the intrahepatic duct was also demonstrated. Following excision of the cystic mass, it was pathologically confirmed as a unilocular biliary mucinous cystadenoma arising from the common hepatic duct.

  9. Unilocular Extrahepatic Biliary Cystadenoma Mimicking Choledochal Cyst: A Case Report

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    Park, Ju-Hyun; Kim, Hyoung Jung; Ko, Young Tae; Lim, Joo Won; Yang, Moon-Ho

    2004-01-01

    We report here on a case of extrahepatic biliary cystadenoma arising from the common hepatic duct. A 42-year-old woman was evaluated by us to find the cause of her jaundice. Ultrasonography and CT showed a cystic dilatation of the common hepatic duct and also marked dilatation of the intrahepatic duct. Direct cholangiography demonstrated a large filling defect between the left hepatic duct and the common hepatic duct; dilatation of the intrahepatic duct was also demonstrated. Following excision of the cystic mass, it was pathologically confirmed as a unilocular biliary mucinous cystadenoma arising from the common hepatic duct. PMID:15637480

  10. Case Report Unusual Presentation of Retrovesical Hydatid Cyst ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report two cases of isolated RVH cyst - one mimicking an ovarian cyst, the other presenting as acute urinary retention - and a third case of RVH cyst associated with bladder and rectal fi stula and a hepatic hydatid cyst. Keywords: Retrovesical hydatid cyst, bladder fi stula, rectal fistula, pelvic cystic mass. African Journal ...

  11. [Mandibular aneurysmal bone cyst mimicking a malignant tumor].

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    Jeblaoui, Y; Ben Neji, N; Haddad, S; Zribi, A; Néji, R; Boussafa, H; Sahtout, S; Hchicha, S

    2007-06-01

    We report the case of a 24-year-old woman presenting with a rapidly growing mass in the right masseteric region. MRI suggested a diagnosis of a rhabdomyosarcoma but CT-scan evoked a benign lesion such as chondroblastoma or aneurismal bone cyst. The biopsy specimen proved the diagnosis of aneurismal bone cyst and the patient was treated by surgical curettage. There was no recurrence after 4 years of follow-up. The aneurismal bone cyst of the jaw is a rare pseudocystic lesion, characterized by replacement of the normal bone with fibro-osseous tissue containing blood-filled sinusoidal or cavernous spaces. The lesion generally affects young persons under 20 years of age. The molar region, the angle, and the ascending ramus of the mandible are the predominantly affected sites. The lesion does not have any clinical or radiological specificity and surgical curettage is the standard treatment. Recurrence is rare and occurs within 30 months after surgery.

  12. Experience with Extra Hepatic Intra Abdominal Hydatid Cyst

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    Altaf Ahmed Talpur

    2016-10-01

    showed hydatid cyst spleen in 02 (18.1% patients, epigastrium in 04 (36.3% patients, beneath left crus of diaphragm in 02 (18.1% patients & right iliac fossa & pelvis in 1 (9.09% patient. In 02 (18.1% patients multiple Hydatid cysts were noted. Hydatid cysts liver found in 07 (63.6% patients. C.T scan Abdomen was performed in 09 (81.8% patients. Surgical procedures performed include Saucerization & omental packing in liver Hydatid cysts; Splenectomy for Splenic disease & complete excision of remaining intra-abdominal Hydatid cysts. Postoperative complications noted in 05 (45.4% patients. Conclusion: Extra hepatic intra abdominal is an infrequent disease presents signicant diagnostic & therapeutic challenge for surgeons.  Keywords: extra hepatic; hydatid disease; intra abdominal.

  13. Massive hepatic cyst presenting as right-sided heart failure.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    O'Connor, A

    2010-01-30

    A 70-year-old woman presented with clinical features of right heart failure. Cardiopulmonary investigations included an echocardiogram, which showed a hepatic cyst compromising venous return and affecting right atrial filling and a CT abdomen showed a 15.5 x 11.5 cm-cystic mass involving the right hepatic lobe and compressing the right atrium. Percutaneous drainage of the cyst was performed. This led to complete resolution of symptoms but these recurred as the fluid re-accumulated. Subsequent definitive treatment with excision of the cyst was undertaken with symptomatic cure. This case is the first report of a hepatic cyst presenting as right heart due to compression of the right atrium.

  14. Giant pulmonary hydatid cyst mimicking elevated diaphragm: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    shows one or more homogenous round or oval masses with smooth borders surrounded by normal lung tissue on chest radiograph.[3] Water lily sign and crescent sign are pathognomic for ruptured hydatid cyst. Ruptured hydatid can also produce cumbo's sign, serpent sign and monod's sign.[1]. Access this article online.

  15. Hypophysitis secondary to ruptured Rathke's cyst mimicking neurosarcoidosis.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Janeczko, Cassandra

    2009-04-01

    Hypophysitis secondary to a ruptured Rathke\\'s cyst is rare. We describe a 53-year-old female who presented with headache and subsequently developed aseptic meningitis and panhypopituitarism. MRI findings and concomitant cardiac arrhythmia and peripheral vasculitis led to a provisional diagnosis of neurosarcoidosis. There were no respiratory manifestations of sarcoidosis. Improvement was noted with empirical treatment with steroids. Pituitary biopsy was undertaken to confirm the diagnosis prior to treatment with long-term immunosuppression for putative neurosarcoidosis. The biopsy revealed lymphocytic hypophysitis secondary to a ruptured Rathke\\'s cyst. This report highlights a rare pathology and the importance of a tissue diagnosis before undertaking non-surgical management of a pituitary mass.

  16. A sacral hydatid cyst mimicking an anterior sacral meningocele.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hemama, Mustapha; Lasseini, Ali; Rifi, Loubna; Boutarbouch, Mahjouba; Derraz, Said; Ouahabi, Abdessamad El; Khamlichi, Abdeslam El

    2011-11-01

    Hydatid disease is a zoonosis caused by Echinococcus granulosus. It is a progressive disease with serious morbidity risks. Sacral hydatid disease is very uncommon, accounting for meningocele. A posterior approach with laminectomy from L-5 to S-3 was performed. Three lesions with classic features of a hydatid cyst were observed and removed. The diagnosis of hydatid cyst was confirmed histopathologically. Antihelmintic treatment with albendazole (15 mg/kg/day) was included in the postoperative treatment. The patient's condition improved after surgery, and he recovered normal mobility. The unusual site and presentation of hydatid disease in this patient clearly supports the consideration of spinal hydatid disease in the differential diagnosis for any mass in the body, especially in endemic areas.

  17. Aneurysmal bone cyst of thoracic spine mimicking spinal tuberculosis

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    Shobhit Mathur

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A 22-year-old female presented to our services with back pain and paraparesis for 11 months. She was earlier diagnosed with tuberculosis of spine, and antitubercular chemotherapy was started. However her condition had worsened. Plain and contrast-enhanced computed tomography scans of the thorax and magnetic resonance imaging of the thoracic spine showed heterogenous, lytic, expansile lesion involving third thoracic vertebra with epidural extension and large bilateral paraspinal and mediastinal components. Multiple variably sized loculations with fluid-fluid levels were seen within the lesion. These imaging findings suggestive of aneurysmal bone cyst of thoracic spine were compared with the findings seen 11 months earlier, which were mistaken for spinal tuberculosis. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of aneurysmal bone cyst. The imaging features, diagnostic challenges and the lessons learned have been briefly discussed.

  18. Eosinophilic granuloma in the anterior mandible mimicking radicular cyst

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    Lee, Byung Do; Lee, Wan; Lee, Jun [College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of); Son, Hyun Jin [Dept. of Pathology, School of Medicine, Eulji University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-06-15

    Eosinophilic granuloma is a common expression of Langerhans cell histiocytosis and corresponds with typical bone lesions. The radiographic appearance of eosinophilic granuloma in the jaw is variable and not specific. It may resemble periodontitis, radicular cyst, or malignancies. The purpose of this report is to describe the characteristic radiographic features of eosinophilic granuloma of a 39-year-old male. The lesion in the anterior mandible was first diagnosed as radicular cyst because the radiographic findings were ovoid radiolucent lesion with well-defined border. However, careful interpretation revealed a non-corticated border and floating tooth appearance that were the characteristic radiographic features for the differential diagnosis. Early clinical signs of eosinophilic granuloma can occur in the jaw and a bony destructive lesion might be mistaken for periodontitis or an odontogenic cystic lesion; therefore, careful interpretation of radiographs should be emphasized.

  19. Ileocaecal TB with multiple hepatic granuloma mimicking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ESR 100mm/hr, normal CXR, ultrasound revealed multiple hypoechoic liver focal lesions, multiple para-aortic Lymph node and a thick wall terminal ilium. CT abdomen showed bowel segment with wall thickening and irregular lumen in the right iliac fossa, enlarge para-aortic lymph nodes and multiple hepatic focal lesions ...

  20. Neonatal lupus mimicking extra hepatic biliary atresia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanitkar, Madhuri; Rohini, K P V; Puri, Bipin; Nair, M N G

    2004-12-01

    Neonatal Lupus Erythematosus (NLE) is an uncommon condition manifesting with congenital complete heart block and occasionally other manifestations like hepatitis. Neonatal Lupus with severe cholestasis with positive anti SS-A/Ro and anti SS-B/La antinuclear antibodies in the mother and child is being reported.

  1. An unusual congenital hepatic cyst in an adolescent and review of differential diagnoses of complex liver cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliane Gibbs

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis of a simple hepatic cyst is not difficult, but diagnostic confusion occurs when atypical features such as intracystic debris or extremely large size are present. In children, simple liver cysts are described as small, asymptomatic, and rarely hemorrhagic. We report an adolescent male presenting with an unusually large hepatic cyst that did not have typical imaging characteristics. The imaging findings and histology are displayed along with the differential diagnoses of complex liver cysts.

  2. Abdominal Splenosis Mimicking Hepatic Tumor: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming-Lun Yeh

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Diagnosis of abdominal splenosis is often undiagnosed until treatment for splenic rupture or splenectomy. This report describes a patient with splenosis mimicking hepatic tumor. The patient had a history of splenic trauma with splenectomy and chronic hepatitis C. After routine abdominal ultrasound revealed a liver nodule, further imaging studies, including magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and angiography, were performed. After the patient eventually underwent surgery, pathology revealed splenic tissue. Despite its distinguishable clinical features, splenosis is difficult to identify by modern imaging modalities. Therefore, accurate and timely diagnosis of this disease requires constant vigilance.

  3. Abdominal splenosis mimicking hepatic tumor: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yeh, Ming-Lun; Wang, Liang-Yen; Huang, Ching-I; Hsieh, Ming-Yen; Lin, Zu-Yau; Chuang, Wan-Long; Chang, Wen-Tsan; Wu, Chun-Chieh; Chen, Chiao-Yun

    2008-11-01

    Diagnosis of abdominal splenosis is often undiagnosed until treatment for splenic rupture or splenectomy. This report describes a patient with splenosis mimicking hepatic tumor. The patient had a history of splenic trauma with splenectomy and chronic hepatitis C. After routine abdominal ultrasound revealed a liver nodule, further imaging studies, including magnetic resonance imaging, computed tomography and angiography, were performed. After the patient eventually underwent surgery, pathology revealed splenic tissue. Despite its distinguishable clinical features, splenosis is difficult to identify by modern imaging modalities. Therefore, accurate and timely diagnosis of this disease requires constant vigilance.

  4. [Giant simple hepatic cysts as dyspnea symptom in a 93-year-old patient].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macho Pérez, O; Gómez Pavón, J; Núñez González, A; Narvaiza Grau, L; Albéniz Aguiriano, L

    2007-03-01

    Giant simple hepatic cysts is generally asymptomatic in the 3% of cases of adult patients. We present a woman case of 93 years old who was diagnoses of giant simple hepatic cyst presented as dysnea. The management of this patient was with percutaneous aspiration and fenol alcohol. It made a review of cystic lesions of the liver and of simple hepatic cysts management.

  5. A simple hepatic cyst with elevated serum and cyst fluid CA19-9 levels: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanai Hidekatsu

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Simple hepatic cysts rarely cause symptoms, however, occasionally they become symptomatic due to mass effect, rupture, hemorrhage, and infection. We report a patient with a large hepatic cyst with elevated serum and cyst fluid CA19-9 levels. We studied serum and cyst fluid CA19-9 levels in this patient, before and after the intracystic instillation of minocycline hydrochloride. Case presentation A 76-year-old Japanese woman was diagnosed as having an infected hepatic cyst, by physical examination and enhanced abdominal computed tomography. Serum (170 U/ml; reference: Conclusion Our study is the first report to reveal the influence of intracystic instillation of minocycline hydrochloride on serum and cyst fluid CA19-9 levels in a patient with a simple hepatic cyst.

  6. Unilocular hepatic echinococcal cysts: Sonography and computed tomography findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haddad, Maurice C.; Birjawi, Ghina A.; Khouzami, Riad A.; Khoury, Nabil J.; El-Zein, Youssef R.; Al-Kutoubi, Aghiad O

    2001-09-01

    AIM: In endemic regions, unilocular hepatic echinococcal cysts (HEC) may be difficult to differentiate radiologically from simple non-parasitic cysts, especially if serological tests were negative. The aim of this descriptive study is to elucidate distinctive imaging findings that allow a diagnosis of HEC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sonographic and computed tomography (CT) findings of 21 patients with proven unilocular HEC were retrospectively analysed. A total of 28 examinations were reviewed, including 14 sonograms (ultrasound; US) of the liver and 14 CT studies. RESULTS: Seven imaging features that help in the diagnosis of unilocular HEC were identified by US and/or CT in 14 patients (14/21; 66.6%). They are, by order of frequency: hydatid sand (29.2%), focal or segmental thickening of the cyst wall (29.2%), coexistent echinococcal cysts in the spleen or lungs (16.6%), pericystic biliary radicals dilatation (8.3%), atrophy of the right lobe with compensatory hypertrophy of the left hepatic lobe (8.3%), satellite cysts typical of HEC in the liver (4.2%) and pericyst calcification (4.2%). CONCLUSION: These ancillary signs should prompt us to consider HEC as the cause of a unilocular cyst in approximately two-thirds of patients. Haddad, M.C. et al. (2001)

  7. Symptomatic Non-parasitic benign hepatic cyst: Evaluation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HussamHassan

    open surgery in 3 cases and by laparoscopic surgery in 7 patients. The principle of both open and ... Conclusion: with proper selection of patients, laparoscopic deroofing of symptomatic, benign, solitary, non-parasitic hepatic cysts is safe, effective and offers .... pain, nausea, vomiting, or dyspnea. There may be a palpable ...

  8. Treatment of hemorrhagic hepatic cysts with omentalization in a serval

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The cysts were drained, omentalized and partially closed with a surgical stapler and suture. Histopatological evaluation of the resected tissue was consistent with a chronic hepatic hematoma. The patient recovered well and was discharged 3 days postoperatively. Two years later, the patient was readmitted with the same ...

  9. Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst: a rare cystic liver lesion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    Ciliated hepatic foregut cysts (CHFC) are rare congenital cystic lesions of the liver. CHFC are usually asymptomatic but may present with vague abdominal symptoms. CHFC are clinically important because of the possibility of malignant transformation1 and the diagnostic difficulties CHFC pose. We report the details of a ...

  10. Hepatic glycogenosis in type 1 diabetes mellitus mimicking Mauriac syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, In Ah; Cho, Won Kyoung; Jeon, Yeon Jin; Kim, Shin Hee; Cho, Kyoung Soon; Park, So Hyun; Jung, Min Ho; Suh, Byung-Kyu

    2015-06-01

    Hepatic glycogenosis in type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM) can be caused by poor glycemic control due to insulin deficiency, excessive insulin treatment for diabetic ketoacidosis, or excessive glucose administration to control hypoglycemia. Mauriac syndrome, which is characterized by hepatomegaly due to hepatic glycogenosis, growth retardation, delayed puberty, and Cushingoid features, is a rare diabetic complication. We report a case of hepatic glycogenosis mimicking Mauriac syndrome. A 14-year-old girl with poorly controlled type 1 DM was admitted to The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul St. Mary's Hospital for abdominal pain and distension. Physical examination revealed hepatomegaly and a Cushingoid face. The growth rate of the patient had decreased, and she had not yet experienced menarche. Laboratory findings revealed elevated liver enzyme levels. A liver biopsy confirmed hepatic glycogenosis. Continuous glucose monitoring showed hyperglycemia after meals and frequent hypoglycemia before meals. To control hyperglycemia, we increased insulin dosage by using an insulin pump. In addition, we prescribed uncooked cornstarch to prevent hypoglycemia. After strict blood glucose control, the patient's liver functions and size normalized. The patient subsequently underwent menarche. Hepatic glycogenosis is a complication of type 1 DM that is reversible with appropriate glycemic control.

  11. [Solitary hepatic cyst. Presentation of a case diagnosed in neonatal period].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruíz Jiménez, J I; Cuenca Burgos, M J; Vera Lorente, M; Espejo García, M P; Zambudio, G

    1992-10-01

    We reported one case of hepatic solitary cyst, in an infant seven days old. The precocious diagnostic was supported by the presence of an abdominal cyst mass in prenatal period. Different diagnostic and therapeutic consideration are made.

  12. Giant simple hepatic cyst: a case report and review of relevant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Large cysts can produce atrophy of the adjacent hepatic tissue while huge cysts can ... ble mass lesion measuring 24cm x 20cm and extending below the umbilicus. ... epithelium resembling biliary duct epithelium and re- ported as simple ...

  13. Laparoscopic Drainage of a Hepatic Echinococcal Cyst: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven B. Goldin

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Echinococcus granulosus tapeworm causes hepatic echinococcosis. It is endemic in the Mediterranean region, Middle East, and South America. Human infection is secondary to accidental consumption of ova in feces. Absorption through the bowel wall and entrance into the portal circulation leads to liver infection. This case involves a 34 y/o Moroccan male with an echinococcal liver cyst. His chief complaint was RUQ pain. The patient was treated with albendazole and praziquantel. His PMH and PSH was noncontributory. Patient was not on any other medications. ROS was otherwise unremarkable. The patient was AF VSS. He was tender to palpation in RUQ. Liver function tests were normal. Echinococcal titers were positive. CT demonstrated a large cystic lesion in the right lobe of the liver measuring 13.5 cm in diameter. The patient underwent successful laparoscopic drainage and excision of echinococcal cyst. Final pathology demonstrated degenerating parasites (E. granulosus of echinococcal cyst.

  14. Hepatic hydatid cyst, laparoscopic management. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert William Campos-Guzmán

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of male patient of 32 years old; with a history of thoracic surgery for hydatid cyst at 9 years of age; admission was at the general surgery Service of the Hospital II Lima Norte Callao Luis Negreiros Vega, with a history of illness of 1 year, referring abdominal pain oppressive predominance of the upper abdomen, especially on right upper quadrant. Refers concomitantly history of previous surgery in thoracic region and positive epidemiological history. After clinical evaluation by the staff of surgery, outpatient clinic and the observation and reporting of CT in which well-defined lesions in segment IV and V multicystic appearance and lesser sac showing peripheral enhancement it is observed after administration contrast; associated with positive Western Blot, surgical treatment is decided. Laparoscopic Surgery was performed consisting of cyst aspiration drainage and washing the interior with hipersodio (20% ClNa and placement of laminar drain was done. Presented a postoperative biliary fistula that was resolved in five weeks, beginning of oral tolerance on the first postoperative day and liver function controls within normal ranges discharge was performed four days after surgery.

  15. Role of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Radicular Cyst mimicking Dentigerous Cyst in a 7-year-old Child: A Case Report and Literature Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mahesh, B S; P Shastry, Shilpa; S Murthy, Padmashree; Jyotsna, T R

    2017-01-01

    To report a rare case of large radicular cyst-associated deciduous tooth and to discuss the importance of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in diagnosing the condition. Radicular cyst is the most common cyst affecting the permanent teeth, but its occurrence in deciduous teeth is rare. Most of the radicular cysts are asymptomatic and are discovered accidentally when radiographs are taken. Conventional radiographs show two-dimensional images of three-dimensional objects. Cone beam computed tomography provides undistorted three-dimensional information of hard tissues and gives adequate spatial resolution. A 7-year-old child, with a complaint of swelling in the maxillary anterior region, was diagnosed with radicular cyst in relation to primary maxillary right central incisor based on CBCT and histopathological features. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment of radicular cyst in primary dentition is important to prevent damage to permanent tooth. Mahesh BS, Shastry SP, Murthy PS, Jyotsna TR. Role of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Radicular Cyst mimicking Dentigerous Cyst in a 7-year-old Child: A Case Report and Literature Review. Int J Clin Pediatr Dent 2017;10(2):213-216.

  16. Small simple hepatic cysts causing obstructive jaundice: a case report of sclerotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Ji; Song, Soon Young; Koh, Byung Hee; Cho, On Koo [Hanyang University College of Medicine, Hanyang University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Soo [Hanyang University Guri Hospital, Guri (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-10-15

    A 62-year-old man visited our hospital for a regular follow-up of a known liver cirrhosis. Laboratory tests revealed recently elevated total and direct bilirubin levels. Imaging studies showed two small hepatic cysts (2.7 and 2.9 cm in the largest diameter) compressing both central intrahepatic ducts, respectively. Obstructive jaundice caused by the cysts was diagnosed. Sclerotherapy of the cysts was performed with 100% ethanol after aspiration of the cyst contents. An follow-up CT obtained after 3 months showed decreased cyst size and improved bile duct dilatation. It is known that obstructive jaundice due to a hepatic cyst is rare, and the cysts were unusually large and centrally located. We report a case of obstructive jaundice caused by very small hepatic cysts that was successfully treated with sclerotherapy.

  17. A case of prenatally detected hepatic cyst communicating with the hepatic duct

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shinsuke Katsuno

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Here, we describe the case of a 9-year-old girl. During the patient's prenatal period, her mother had suffered domestic violence perpetrated by the patient's father. On maternal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging, an intraabdominal cystic lesion was detected in the fetus at around the 30th prenatal week. The patient was delivered normally, and there were no evident anomalies on her body. Computed tomography with drip infusion cholangiography and percutaneous retrograde transhepatic cholangiography demonstrated an intrahepatic cyst of approximately 3 cm in diameter, which was located at S5–S8 and communicated with the confluence of the bilateral hepatic ducts. The cyst is clinically conjectured to be a solitary intrahepatic biliary cyst. However, it remains possible that the cyst is a ciliated hepatic foregut cyst or indicates hepatic injury that may have occurred as a result of domestic violence to the mother. Careful, long-term observation of the patient will be continued to ensure that any malignant transformation is not missed.

  18. Giant simple hepatic cyst: a case report and review of relevant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Giant cysts of the liver are uncommon. Symptoms are related primarily to the mass effect of the enlarging cyst. Objective: To highlight the challenges of management of giant simple hepatic cyst in a resource limited setting. Case report: Presented is a 58-year-old seamstress with a 5-year history of an enlarging ...

  19. Giant simple hepatic cyst: a case report and review of relevant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of non-parasitic hepatic cysts. HPB (Oxford) 2009, 11: 234-241. 14. Macho Perez O, Gomez Pavon J, Nunex Gonzalez. A, Narvaiza Grau L, Albeniz Aguiriana L. Giant simple hepatic cyst as dyspnea symptoms in a 93- year-old pa- tient. An Med Interna 2007; 24: 135-137. 15. Tocchi A, Mazzoni G, Costa G, Cassini D, Bettelli.

  20. Minocycline hydrochloride as a soft sclerotizing agent for symptomatic simple renal and hepatic cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danza, F M; Falcione, M; Bordonaro, V; Infante, A; Paladini, A; Bonomo, L

    2017-01-01

    To present the results of our ten-year case series in simple hepatic and renal cysts sclerosis using minocycline hydrochloride as a sclerotizing agent, evaluating the effectiveness, the safety and the feasibility of this agent for percutaneous sclerotherapy for symptomatic cysts. We retrospectively evaluated our archives of patients treated (54 patients with 60 renal cysts, 21 patients with 24 hepatic cysts) for symptomatic abdominal cysts. These patients were treated with ultrasound guided drainage and subsequent minocycline hydrochloride instillation. In large or recurrent cysts, we repeated the treatment for the second time. The patients were evaluated at 6 and 12 months; some patients underwent later, additional examinations and we also reviewed these exams for any eventual long-term relapse. The percentage of sclerosis success was found to be 100% for hepatic cysts and 86% for renal cysts. We also found that minimal complications were encountered. Minocycline hydrochloride has proven to be an effective sclerotizing agent. In our cases, symptoms disappeared in 100% of patients with hepatic cysts and in 93% of patients with renal cysts. It is also a safe sclerotizing agent, as demonstrated by the few complications encountered. Percutaneous sclerosis with Minocycline hydrochloride is a very effective and promising nonsurgical treatment for patients with symptomatic simple cysts, and it can be performed without major complications.

  1. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma exhibiting morphologic changes from simple hepatic cyst shown by 11-year follow up imagings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukunaga, Naoto; Ishikawa, Masashi; Ishikura, Hisashi; Ichimori, Toshihiro; Kimura, Suguru; Sakata, Akihiro; Sato, Koichi; Nagata, Jyunichi; Fujii, Yoshiyuki

    2008-12-11

    A long-term follow up case of hepatobiliary cystadenoma originating from simple hepatic cyst is rare. We report a case of progressive morphologic changes from simple hepatic cyst to hepatobiliary cystadenoma by 11 - year follow up imaging. A 25-year-old man visited our hospital in 1993 for a simple hepatic cyst. The cyst was located in the left lobe of the liver, was 6 cm in diameter, and did not exhibit calcification, septa or papillary projections. No surgical treatment was performed, although the cyst was observed to gradually enlarge upon subsequent examination. The patient was admitted to our hospital in 2004 due to epigastralgia. Re-examination of the simple hepatic cyst revealed mounting calcification and septa. Abdominal CT on admission revealed a hepatic cyst over 10 cm in diameter and a high-density area within the thickened wall. MRI revealed a mass of low intensity and partly high intensity on a T1-weighted image. Abdominal angiography revealed hypovascular tumor. The serum levels of AST and ALT were elevated slightly, but tumor markers were within normal ranges. Left lobectomy of the liver was performed with diagnosis of hepatobiliary cystadenoma or hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma. The resected specimen had a solid component with papillary projections and the cyst was filled with liquid-like muddy bile. Histologically, the inner layer of the cyst was lined with columnar epithelium showing mild grade dysplasia. On the basis of these findings, hepatobiliary cystadenoma was diagnosed. We believe this case provides evidence of a simple hepatic cyst gradually changing into hepatobiliary cystadenoma.

  2. Hepatobiliary cystadenoma exhibiting morphologic changes from simple hepatic cyst shown by 11-year follow up imagings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sato Koichi

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A long-term follow up case of hepatobiliary cystadenoma originating from simple hepatic cyst is rare. Case presentation We report a case of progressive morphologic changes from simple hepatic cyst to hepatobiliary cystadenoma by 11 – year follow up imaging. A 25-year-old man visited our hospital in 1993 for a simple hepatic cyst. The cyst was located in the left lobe of the liver, was 6 cm in diameter, and did not exhibit calcification, septa or papillary projections. No surgical treatment was performed, although the cyst was observed to gradually enlarge upon subsequent examination. The patient was admitted to our hospital in 2004 due to epigastralgia. Re-examination of the simple hepatic cyst revealed mounting calcification and septa. Abdominal CT on admission revealed a hepatic cyst over 10 cm in diameter and a high-density area within the thickened wall. MRI revealed a mass of low intensity and partly high intensity on a T1-weighted image. Abdominal angiography revealed hypovascular tumor. The serum levels of AST and ALT were elevated slightly, but tumor markers were within normal ranges. Left lobectomy of the liver was performed with diagnosis of hepatobiliary cystadenoma or hepatobiliary cystadenocarcinoma. The resected specimen had a solid component with papillary projections and the cyst was filled with liquid-like muddy bile. Histologically, the inner layer of the cyst was lined with columnar epithelium showing mild grade dysplasia. On the basis of these findings, hepatobiliary cystadenoma was diagnosed. Conclusion We believe this case provides evidence of a simple hepatic cyst gradually changing into hepatobiliary cystadenoma.

  3. Neurenteric cyst mimicking pleurodynia: an unusual case of thoracic pain in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rebhandl, W; Rami, B; Barcik, U; Perneczky, G; Horcher, E

    1998-03-01

    This study reports an 8-year-old boy with chronic recurring thoracic pain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine revealed an intradural cyst at T1-T2. Despite severe compression of the spinal cord, there was no neurologic deficit. After minimally invasive cystectomy, the patient recovered completely. Histological examination established the diagnosis of a neurenteric cyst. The clinical, pathohistologic, and radiologic aspects are discussed, and the decisive role of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of intraspinal cyst is emphasized.

  4. Laparoscopic approach of hepatic hydatid double cyst in pediatric patient: difficulties, indications and limitations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabela M. Drăghici

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Laparoscopic management analysis of a rare condition having potentially severe evolution, seen in pediatric surgical pathology. Aims: Outlining the optimal surgical approach method of hepatic hydatid double cyst and the laparoscopic method’s limitations. Materials and Methods: The patient is a 6 years old girl that presented with two simultaneous giant hepatic hydatid cysts (segments VII-VIII, having close vicinity to the right branch of portal vein and to hepatic veins; she benefited from a single stage partial pericystectomy Lagrot performed by laparoscopy. Results: The procedure had no intraoperative accidents or incidents. Had good postoperative evolution without immediate or late complications. Trocars positioning had been adapted to the patient’s size and cysts topography. Conclusions: The laparoscopic treatment is feasible and safe, but is not yet the gold standard for a hepatic hydatid disease due to certain inconveniences.

  5. The association of hypernatremia and hypertonic saline irrigation in hepatic hydatid cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Zeng, Rujun; Wu, Renhua; Lv, Qingguo; Tong, Nanwei; Zhang, Yuwei

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Rationale: Hypernatremia is a rare but fatal complication of hypertonic saline (HS) irrigation in hepatic hydatid disease. It needs careful monitoring and treatment. Patient concerns: A 28-year-old woman with hepatic hydatid cysts who received operation treatment developed electrolyte disturbances. We also conducted a retrospective study about influence of HS application on electrolytes in patients with hepatic hydatid disease receiving surgery. Diagnoses: Hypernatremia, developed af...

  6. A case of pedunculated hepatic hemangioma mimicking submucosal tumor of the stomach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Han Kook; Kim, Hyoung Su; Heo, Gyeong Mi; Shin, Woon Geon; Kim, Kyung Ho; Jang, Myoung Kuk; Lee, Jin Heon; Kim, Hak Yang; Kim, Doo Jin; Cho, Seong Jin

    2011-03-01

    Hepatic hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of the liver. Most such hemangiomas are small, asymptomatic, and have an excellent prognosis. Giant hepatic hemangioma has been reported in the literature, but the exophytic and pedunculated forms of hepatic hemangioma are rare. A 56-year-old woman was referred to our hospital under the suspicion of having a gastric submucosal tumor. Abdominal computer tomography (CT) scans showed a pedunculated mass from the left lateral segment of the liver into the gastric fundus, exhibiting the atypical CT findings of hepatic hemangioma. We therefore decided to perform laparoscopic resection based on the symptoms, relatively large diameter, inability to exclude malignancy, and risk of rupture of the exophytic lesion. The pathology indicated it to be a cavernous hemangioma of the liver. Herein we report a case of pedunculated hepatic hemangioma mimicking a submucosal tumor of the stomach due to extrinsic compression of the gastric fundus.

  7. Increased YAP activation is associated with hepatic cyst epithelial cell proliferation in ARPKD/CHF.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Lu; Sun, Lina; Edwards, Genea; Manley, Michael; Wallace, Darren P; Septer, Seth; Manohar, Chirag; Pritchard, Michele T; Apte, Udayan

    2017-09-15

    Autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease/congenital hepatic fibrosis (ARPKD/CHF) is a rare but fatal genetic disease characterized by progressive cyst development in the kidneys and liver. Liver cysts arise from aberrantly proliferative cholangiocytes accompanied by pericystic fibrosis and inflammation. Yes associated protein (YAP), the downstream effector of the Hippo signaling pathway, is implicated in human hepatic malignancies such as hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and hepatoblastoma, but its role in hepatic cystogenesis in CHF/ARPKD is unknown. We studied the role of the YAP in hepatic cyst development using polycystic kidney (PCK) rats, an orthologous model of ARPKD, and in human ARPKD/CHF patients. The liver cyst wall epithelial cells (CWECs) in PCK rats were highly proliferative and exhibited expression of YAP. There was increased expression of YAP target genes, Cyclin D1 and Ctgf (connective tissue growth factor), in PCK rat livers. Extensive expression of YAP and its target genes was also detected in human ARPKD/CHF liver samples. Finally, pharmacological inhibition of YAP activity with verteporfin and short-hairpin (sh) RNA-mediated knockdown of YAP expression in isolated liver CWECs significantly reduced their proliferation. These data indicate that increased YAP activity, possibly through dysregulation of the Hippo signaling pathway, is associated with hepatic cyst growth in ARPKD/CHF.

  8. Perineural (Tarlov) cysts mimicking adnexal masses: a report of three cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    H'ng, M W C; Wanigasiri, U I D K; Ong, C L

    2009-08-01

    Perineural (Tarlov) cysts are usually incidental findings during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed for low back pain. However, in a tertiary women's hospital, they may present as incidental findings on gynecological ultrasound imaging. Approximately 40,000 pelvic scans are performed annually in our department. Tarlov cysts were identified in three women between August 2007 and September 2008. In two patients (Cases 1 and 3), these cysts were initially misdiagnosed as hydrosalpinges on ultrasound examination, the latter having a differential diagnosis of an ovarian cyst. Two patients (Cases 1 and 2) were symptomatic, although Case 2 had symptoms that could not entirely be accounted for by the location of the cyst. Although asymptomatic, Case 3 underwent laparoscopy with a view to salpingectomy/cystectomy. In these patients, confirmation of Tarlov cysts was subsequently made on either computed tomography (CT) or MRI. All three patients were managed conservatively. Here we describe their clinical presentation, the appearance of the cysts on ultrasound imaging and on CT or MRI, and their eventual outcomes.

  9. Isolated tubercular hepatic abscess with diffuse pattern mimicking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Isolated hepatic tuberculosis presenting as a mass either with or without fever can be confused with hepatocellular carcinoma. Clinical examination and laboratory investigations are not specific. Radiological investigations such as ultrasound and computed tomography cannot confirm the diagnosis; hence it is vital to always ...

  10. Sclerotherapy of simple hepatic cysts by repeated aspiration and alcohol instillation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan-Hong, Feng; Lin-Xue, Qian; Hai-Ma, Gong; Qing, Zhang; Yu, Gui; Xiangdong, Hu

    2012-08-01

    The efficacy and safety of traditional alcohol sclerotherapy procedures are controversial in the management of large simple hepatic cysts. In this study, we aimed to develop and evaluate a novel alcohol sclerotherapy procedure, termed repeated aspiration and alcohol instillation sclerotherapy, for the treatment of simple hepatic cysts. A prospective, double-blind, randomized study was performed. Sixty-seven patients with large simple hepatic cysts were randomized into two groups to receive either single-session alcohol retention sclerotherapy (alcohol was instilled into the cyst cavity, kept for 20 minutes and aspirated) or repeated aspiration and alcohol instillation sclerotherapy (instillation of 30-70 ml of alcohol and immediate aspiration with repetition 3 to 6 times until the estimated alcohol concentration exceeded 80%). The cyst volume reduction was calculated to compare the efficacy of the two procedures. We evaluated the safety of the procedure by monitoring side effects and assaying blood alcohol concentrations at 0, 0.5, 1, 2 and 3 hours after sclerotherapy. The cyst volume reduction in patients undergoing repeated aspiration and alcohol instillation sclerotherapy was significantly higher than that in those receiving alcohol-retention sclerotherapy. The concentration of alcohol in the last aspirated cyst fluid was correlated with the mean volume reduction in patients undergoing repeated aspiration and alcohol instillation sclerotherapy but not in the alcohol-retention group. Only minor side effects occurred in both groups. Although elevated blood alcohol concentration was noted in all patients, it declined to normal levels within 2-3 hours after treatment. There were no significant differences in blood alcohol concentration between the two groups. Repeated aspiration and alcohol instillation sclerotherapy is superior to single-session alcohol-retention sclerotherapy in the management of large simple hepatic cysts.

  11. Presternal dermoid cyst mimicking lymphatic malformation: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Tammy; Shetty, Anil; Delu, Adam; Barry, Marc; Berry, Ryan; Smidt, Aimee C

    2013-01-01

    We describe an 11-month-old boy with an unusually large presternal mass present since birth. The large size, fluctuant properties, transillumination, compressibility, and imaging of this lesion were characteristic of a lymphatic malformation. Although four treatments with sclerotherapy markedly reduced its size, it was not until definitive treatment with surgical excision and the final pathology report that we arrived at the ultimate diagnosis of dermoid cyst. Dermoid cysts, although appearing along embryologic lines of closure, are rarely presternal. They are usually small, thick walled, and filled with sebaceous or keratinous fluid, which typically allows for clinical diagnosis, and show characteristic features on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound. However, this case illustrates that dermoid cysts can appear in somewhat atypical locations, and imaging is not always diagnostic, so dermoid cyst should remain a part of the differential diagnosis for any lesion presenting midsternally, regardless of the size and imaging characteristics. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  12. Symptomatic Non-parasitic benign hepatic cyst: Evaluation of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background/Purpose: Solitary non-parasitic cysts of the liver are commonly asymptomatic and do not require treatment. Rarely, however, the cysts become symptomatic and are then best treated surgically. The optimal surgical treatment is debatable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of deroofing as a safe and ...

  13. Encysted peritoneal hydatidosis with a hepatic hydatid cyst CASE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    farming areas.1 Most human cases occur where dogs and livestock are raised together. Echinococcosis or ... addition, abdominal ultrasonography was performed. This showed a massive cystic collection in the ... Longitudinal ultrasound of right upper quadrant showing the hydatid cyst with multiple small daughter cysts. Fig.

  14. Colon cancer metastasis mimicking intraductal papillary neoplasm of the extra-hepatic bile duct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamao, Takanobu; Hayashi, Hiromitsu; Higashi, Takaaki; Takeyama, Hideyuki; Kaida, Takayoshi; Nitta, Hidetoshi; Hashimoto, Daisuke; Chikamoto, Akira; Beppu, Toru; Baba, Hideo

    2015-01-01

    An accurate diagnosis of the primary cancer in cases with metastatic lesions is quite important because misdiagnosis may lead to the selection of incorrect adjuvant therapy and worse long-term outcomes after surgery. The metastatic sites associated with the dissemination of colon cancer are well known and normally predictable, which includes the lymphatic, haematogenous, or peritoneal regions, while other locations are quite rare. In this report, we present a case of colon cancer with an unusual metastatic pattern mimicking an intraductal papillary neoplasm of the bile duct (IPNB) present in the extra-hepatic bile duct with a cytokeratin (CK)-7-negative and CK-20-positive profile (intestinal type). In the case of this patient who had a history of colon cancer, immunohistochemical staining for the CKs was useful for distinguishing between primary IPNB and colon cancer metastases. We suspect that the metastatic pattern of this case of colon cancer that mimicked IPNB at the extra-hepatic bile duct developed incidentally via the bile stream. This is a rare case of colon cancer metastasis mimicking IPNB at the extra-hepatic bile duct. Our findings also suggest that there may be an incidental 4th metastatic route via the bile stream. Copyright © 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.. All rights reserved.

  15. Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Tumors Astrocytoma Atypical Teratoid Rhaboid Tumor (ATRT) Chondrosarcoma Choroid Plexus Craniopharyngioma Cysts Ependymoma Germ Cell Tumor ... of Tumors Astrocytoma Atypical Teratoid Rhaboid Tumor (ATRT) Chondrosarcoma Choroid Plexus Craniopharyngioma Cysts Ependymoma Germ Cell Tumor ...

  16. Primary lymphoma of the spleen mimicking simple benign cysts: contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and other imaging findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballestri, Stefano; Lonardo, Amedeo; Romagnoli, Dante; Losi, Luisa; Loria, Paola

    2015-04-01

    We report on a case of incidentally detected primary splenic lymphoma mimicking simple benign cysts on abdominal ultrasonography. On contrast-enhanced ultrasonography (CEUS), the lesions showed isoenhancement in the arterial phase with progressive washout and marked hypoenhancement in the parenchymal phase. This pattern enabled us to suspect the malignant nature of the disease, thus preventing a dangerous misdiagnosis. Accordingly, further characterization with other imaging studies (computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography) was pursued based on CEUS and taking into account the patient's clinical picture and medical history. Collectively, imaging data led us to a diagnosis of suspected primary splenic malignancy, most probably lymphoma, which was histologically confirmed on the surgical specimen after splenectomy.

  17. Spinal extradural inclusion dermoid cyst mimicking pseudomeningocele, appearing after 17 years of meningomyelocele repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yerramneni, Vamsi Krishna; Patibandla, M. R.; Venkateswararao, K.; Mudumba, VS

    2013-01-01

    Dermoid cysts are congenital cystic tumors arising from embryonic rests and commonest site is in the thoracic region of the spinal canal. The authors reported a case of dermoid cyst in a 17-year-old boy appearing after lumbar meningomyelocele repair at 2 months of age. The boy presented with 6 months history of gradually progressive globular swelling at the site of previous scar and weakness of the left foot. Preoperatively small extradurally protruding placode was seen attached to the swelling. The swelling was completely excised. At 1 year follow-up patient had improvement in foot weakness with magnetic resonance imaging showing no residual or recurrent lesion. PMID:24082940

  18. Complicated Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Mimicking Malignancy on Ultrasound: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, In Joong; Kim, Eun Kyung; Moon, Hee Jung; Kwak, Jin Young [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-03-15

    A Thyroglossal Duct Cyst (TGDC) is the most common cause of midline neck masses and is characterized in sonography as an anechoic or hypoechoic well-cir- cumscribed cyst with posterior enhancement. TGDCs mostly occur in children and are easy to spot in them, but the sonographic appearance of TGDCs in adults is variable, ranging from a typical anechoic to a pseudosolid appearance. The presence of a solid component should alert the radiologist to the possibility of a cancer arising from the thyroglossal duct. We report here on our experience with a 58-year-old woman who had a complicated TGDC with a suspicious sonographic appearance of malignancy

  19. Hepatic tuberculosis mimicking metastasis in a case of carcinoma sigmoid colon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musharraf Husain

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Tuberculosis (TB presenting as isolated liver mass without clinical evidence of TB is difficult to diagnose preoperatively and is usually mimicked by primary or metastatic carcinoma of the liver. Hepatic TB associated with carcinoma colon is a rare association which has very rarely been reported in the literature. This case illustrates the diagnostic difficulties of hepatic TB and the need to consider it in the differential diagnosis of hepatic nodular lesions in carcinoma colon patients. Here, we report a case of 48-year-old female who presented in the casualty with features of acute intestinal obstruction. Preoperatively a mass was seen at the hepatic flexure along with three lesions in the liver presumed to be metastatic in origin. However, histopathology of the mass revealed adenocarcinoma colon and the liver lesion proved to be hepatic TB. We wish to highlight that on encountering a hepatic lesion in a carcinoma colon patient the possibility of hepatic TB should also be kept in mind apart from the obvious possibility of metastasis especially in an endemic country like India.

  20. [Laparascopic surgical treatment of non-parasitic hepatic cyst].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roesch Dietlen, F; Pérez Morales, A; Díaz Blanco, F; Martínez Fernández, S

    1999-01-01

    The experience with seven cases of non-parasitic liver cyst, seen in a seven year period, (between 1992 to 1998) at the "Hospital Español" of Veracruz is presented. Clinical symptoms and signs are described, being the main one upper abdominal pain due to the size of the cyst and the compression over different organs. The diagnosis was made by images obtained from ultrasound and CT scan. The cyst average size was 14 cm, and in 28.57% of them, other small cysts were found. The surgical treatment included resection of the superficial capsule of the cyst and the electrocoagulation of the residual inner capsule. The procedure was performed using laparoscopic techniques. There were no surgical incidents, neither post-operatory complications or mortality. The clinical evolution of all patients was successful. We found some evidence from the international literature about the laparoscopic techniques in these patients. Our results were similar to other reports. There are no previous reports in the Mexican literature about this surgical technique in the management of the non-parasitic liver cyst disease.

  1. A giant uterine myometrium cyst mimicking an ovarian cyst in pregnancy: An uncommon presentation of hydropic degeneration of uterine fibroid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elsayed Elbadawy Awad

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Myometrial cysts of the uterus are extremely rare. Uterine leiomyomas commonly undergo degenerative changes, which can lead to variable imaging features. Diffuse hydropic change is an unusual form that presents a considerable diagnostic challenge to both radiologists and pathologists. A 27-year old nulliparous patient admitted to our hospital for antenatal care and left sided pelvic pain. Transvaginal ultrasonographic examination revealed a 20 cm intramural cystic lesion in the left region of the corpus uteri suspicious of degenerated myoma. Repeated aspiration was done. Spontaneous abortion occurred in the first trimester. Rapid distension of the abdomen despite repeated aspirations occurred. MRI revealed degenerated myoma. Ultrasound performed one day before surgery revealed a turbid content instead of the clear fluid. Laparotomy was performed revealing a huge interstitial myoma with bloody collection inside so, myomectomy was performed. Histopathology showed hydropic degenerated myoma. Although fibroids usually have a characteristic sonographic appearance, degenerating myomas have variable patterns and can pose a diagnostic dilemma. Extensive cystic degeneration can mimic an ovarian tumour.

  2. Primary mediastinal leiomyma mimicking a giant mediastinal cyst: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hwang, Yeong Uk; Kim, Su Young; Lee, Byung Hoon; Hwang, Yoon Joon; Lee, Ji Young; Kim, You Sung; Kim, Han Seong [Ilsan Paik Hospital, Inje University College of Medicine, Goyang (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-08-15

    Primary mediastinal leiomyoma is an extremely rare benign tumor of smooth muscle. Most common radiographic appearance is a well circumscribed heterogeneous solid mass. We reported a case of giant cyst-like lesion at the middle mediastinum, which was pathologically confirmed as a primary mediastinal leiomyoma.

  3. A giant hydronephrotic pelvic kidney mimicking an ovarian cyst in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: A giant hydronephrosis is defined as a dilated pelvi-calyceal system with an amount of urine exceeding one Litre in the urinary tract of an adult. It can mimic several other clinical conditions including a huge ovarian cyst. An ectopic pelvic kidney with hydronephrosis in pregnancy is a rare occurrence. Aim: This ...

  4. Comparison of efficacy between sodium morrhuate and lauromacrogol as sclerosing agents in treatment of hepatic cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    QIN Zuyun

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective To compare the efficacy of sodium morrhuate versus lauromacrogol in the treatment of hepatic cyst. Methods Seventy-four patients with hepatic cyst who were admitted to our hospital from January 2009 to May 2013 were enrolled as subjects and divided into two groups. After the cystic fluid was drained by percutaneous liver biopsy, sodium morrhuate solution was injected into the cystic cavity for adhesion and sclerosis in 46 patients in group A, and lauromacrogol solution was injected in 28 patients in group B. The incidence rates of pain in patients during and after surgery were compared between the two groups. The follow-up comparison of hepatic cyst recurrence rates within one year after surgery was performed between the two groups. Between-group comparison was performed by χ2 test. Results Five patients (10.87% in group A and two patients (7.14% in group B had recurrence within one year after treatment. There was no significant difference in recurrence rate between the two groups (χ2=0.283, P>0.05. The incidence of pain in group A was significantly higher than that in group B (χ2=5.258, P<0.05. Conclusion With the same efficacy as sodium morrhuate in the treatment of hepatic cyst, lauromacrogol can be routinely used as a sclerosing agent due to its mild side effects.

  5. Efficacy and Safety of Aspiration Sclerotherapy of Simple Hepatic Cysts: A Systematic Review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijnands, T.F.M.; Gortjes, A.P.; Gevers, T.J.G.; Jenniskens, S.F.M.; Schultze Kool, L.J.; Potthoff, A.; Ronot, M.; Drenth, J.P.H.

    2016-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Aspiration sclerotherapy is a percutaneous procedure indicated for treatment of symptomatic simple hepatic cysts. The efficacy and safety of this procedure have been sources of debate and disagreement for years. The purpose of this study was to assess the long-term efficacy and safety of

  6. Detached Anterior Horn of the Medial Meniscus Mimicking a Parameniscal Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shoji Fukuta

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a case of a detached anterior horn of the medial meniscus with anterior knee pain. Preoperative magnetic resonance images of the knee were initially interpreted as a parameniscal cyst. Arthroscopic examination revealed subluxation of the anterior horn of the medial meniscus due to detachment from its anterior tibial insertion. Arthroscopic fixation with a suture anchor was successful and the cystic lesion was no longer visible on postoperative images.

  7. Unusual stafne bone cavity mimicking infected cyst or neural origin tumor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nah, Kyung Soo; Jung, Yun Hoa; Cho, Bong Hae [Pusan National Univ. College of Dentistry, Pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-12-15

    The radiographic diagnosis of typical Stafine bone cavity could be done easily with cyst-like round or oval radiolucency near the angle of the mandible, under mandibular canal with or without involving mandibular base, and no symptoms. However there are some atypical cases suggesting possible variations of this entity. We report a quite unusual case, where Stafine bone cavity was lastly included in the differential diagnosis list. Histological examination of salivary gland tissues confirmed the final diagnosis.

  8. A Large Rice Body-Containing Cyst Mimicking Infection following Total Hip Arthroplasty: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wael Bayoud

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Soft tissue mass following total hip arthroplasty raises several differential diagnoses not limited to infection, hematoma, wear debris, malignancy, and bursitis. Rice body formation in the hip region is an uncommon process denoting a chronic inflammation. We report here the second case of its kind in the medical literature of a wide symptomatic rice-like body cyst complicating a total hip arthroplasty. Case Presentation. This is the case of an 82-year-old white female, presenting with a warm, red, and inflated groin five years after revision of right total hip arthroplasty. Surgical intervention reveals a large well circumscribed cyst containing well-organized rice-like bodies. This eventuality was never reported in differential diagnosis of hip periprosthetic soft tissue masses before. Conclusion. This case report helps widening the array of the differential diagnosis in patients presenting with a slow growing soft tissue mass following total hip arthroplasty, making rice-like bodies cyst a valid one to consider.

  9. Surgical Resection of a Leiomyosarcoma of the Inferior Vena Cava Mimicking Hepatic Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junji Ueda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Leiomyosarcomas of vascular origin are particularly rare tumors occurring mainly in the inferior vena cava (IVC. They are malignant, slow-growing tumors with a poor prognosis. This paper reports on a rare case of surgical resection of an IVC leiomyosarcoma mimicking a hepatic tumor. Case Presentation. A 65-year-old Japanese male was admitted for evaluation of an abdominal tumor. Enhanced computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a slightly enhanced heterogeneous tumor, 18 mm in diameter, between the Spiegel lobe of the liver and the IVC in early-phase images, with no enhancement or washout in late-phase images. We diagnosed this tumor as either a hepatic tumor in the Spiegel lobe or a retroperitoneal tumor such as leiomyosarcoma or liposarcoma and performed a laparotomy. On the basis of surgical findings, we extirpated the tumor by performing a wedge resection of the wall of the IVC and suturing the primary IVC wall. Pathological findings led to a further diagnosis of the tumor as a leiomyosarcoma originating in the IVC. Thirty-seven months after the operation, multiple liver and lung metastases were detected, and the patient died from multiple organic failures. Conclusion. We experienced a rare case of a leiomyosarcoma of IVC mimicking hepatic tumor.

  10. Giant Choledochal Cyst Mimicking Massive Gallbladder Hydrops in an Adult Patient: Multi Detector Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings Correlated to Gross and Histopathological Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joon-Il Choi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Choledochal cysts are uncommon congenital anomalies of the biliary tree, commonly presenting in infancy, generally in the 1 st year of life. Presentation in adult life is less common, accounting for 20% of cases. A 19-year-old female patient presented to the Emergency Department with severe abdominal distension, a palpable abdominal mass, mild jaundice and low grade fever. Ultrasound, computed tomography (CT and magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen showed a massive septated cystic lesion filling the entire abdomen with a significant mass effect on surrounding structures. Origin of the lesion was unclear and diagnosis included a giant mesenteric or duplication cyst, massive gallbladder with hydrops, biliary cystadenoma and giant choledochal cyst, among others. Final diagnosis was a Type IA choledochal cyst with massive asymmetric cystic dilatation of the extra-hepatic segments of the left hepatic duct with asymmetric dilatation of the right hepatic duct. Patient had an uneventful recovery after resection of the entire extrahepatic cyst and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy at the level of the hilum. In this article, we correlate CT and MRI findings to gross and histopathological findings of this giant Todani′s Type IA choledochal cyst.

  11. Association of Hepatic Hydatid Cyst Disease and Liver Tuberculosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Songul Ozyurt

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid cyst and tuberculosis are common infectious diseases in our country. However, co-incidence of these two diseases is a rare case. This refers to spontaneous emergence of cyst hydatid and tuberculosis lesion in liver which is presented in this paper. Liver tuberculosis can be detected either as a component of miliary tuberculosis or isolated liver tuberculosis. Herein we report a case of 46 year-old male. He applied to the emergency due to the severe right-side pain which coupled with breathing and movement. This was reported to last for 10 days. Lesion compatible to cyst hydatid with a size of 151 x 144 x 128 mm was detected in the right lobe anterior in his abdomen ultrasonography. Echinococcus indirect hemagglutination test resulted in 1/640 positive. The patient had liver cystectomy by general surgery clinic. After microscopic examination of excision material, chronic granulomatous inflamation with caseous necrosis was detected in parenchyma to which cyst hydatid and lesion were attached. PPD result was 16 mm. The patient, whose lungs were normal, received antituberculosis treatment due to primary liver tuberculosis.

  12. Use of Two-dimensional Multiple-slice Magnetic Resonance Hydrography for Diagnosis of Hepatic Hemangiomas and Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ran-Chou Chen

    2011-01-01

    Conclusion: Hepatic hemangiomas and cysts have significantly different signal intensities on non-contrast two-dimensional multiple-slice MRH. This approach uses a non-invasive, reliable, and accurate imaging technique to differentiate the two diagnoses.

  13. Role of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in Evaluation of Radicular Cyst mimicking Dentigerous Cyst in a 7-year-old Child: A Case Report and Literature Review

    OpenAIRE

    Mahesh, BS; P Shastry, Shilpa; S Murthy, Padmashree; Jyotsna, TR

    2017-01-01

    Aim To report a rare case of large radicular cyst-associated deciduous tooth and to discuss the importance of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in diagnosing the condition. Background Radicular cyst is the most common cyst affecting the permanent teeth, but its occurrence in deciduous teeth is rare. Most of the radicular cysts are asymptomatic and are discovered accidentally when radiographs are taken. Conventional radiographs show two-dimensional images of three-dimensional objects. Cone ...

  14. A rare combination of hepatic and pericardial hydatid cyst and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kallol Dasbaksi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease in human beings, as in all intermediate hosts, manifest as hydatid cyst (HC. It is an important cyclozoonotic disease, endemic in various sheep and cattle raising areas of the world, including India. The tapeworm commonly involved is Echinococcus granulosus. HC can occur almost anywhere in the body, most common organs being liver and lungs, and are usually solitary. In 25% of cases combination of liver HC with HC in other extra pulmonary locations are found. Cardiac HCs comprise of 0.5–2% of all HC cases. Within the heart, HCs are usually situated in the left or right ventricle and rarely found in the peri-cardium. Pericardial HC does not produce symptoms and is often painless and silent, until the cysts grow to a large size over the years, when the usual complications develop, such as cyst rupture, cardiac compression, atrial fibrillation, and even sudden death. We describe the case of a 39 year old house wife, of rural origin, with proximity to livestock, who had an asymptomatic pericardial HC along with a symptomatic hepatic HC. She clinically presented with an abdominal lump for one year with recent onset of abdominal pain for 1 month, when radiological imaging confirmed the diagnosis of an unruptured hepatic HC and a pericardial HC. The patient recovered after pericardiectomy along with excision of the HC over the left ventricle and enucleation of hepatic HC, by thoracoabdominal approach. She is doing well after 5 years of followup without recurrence.

  15. Glandular odontogenic cyst mimicking ameloblastoma in a 78 year old female: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Byung Do; Lee, Wan; Kwon, Kyung Hwan; Choi, Moon Ki; Choi, Eun Joo [College of Dentistry, Wonkwang University, Iksan (Korea, Republic of); Yoon, Jung Hoon [Dept. of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, College of Dentistry, Daejeon Dental Hospital, Wonkwang University, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-09-15

    Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a rare, potentially aggressive jaw lesion. The common radiographic features include a well-defined radiolucency with distinct borders, presenting a uni- or multilocular appearance. A cystic lesion in the posterior mandible of a 78-year-old female was incidentally found. Radiographs showed a unilocular lesion with a scalloped margin, external root resorption of the adjacent tooth, and cortical perforation. This lesion had changed from a small ovoid shape to a more expanded lesion in a period of four years. The small lesion showed unilocularity with a smooth margin and a well-defined border, but the expanded lesion produced cortical perforation and a lobulated margin. The provisional diagnosis was an ameloblastoma, whereas the histopathological examination revealed a GOC. This was a quite rare case, given that this radiographic change was observed in the posterior mandible of an elderly female. This case showed that a GOC can grow even in people in their seventies, changing from the unilocular form to an expanded, lobulated lesion. Here, we report a case of GOC with characteristic radiographic features.

  16. Single-session prolonged alcohol-retention sclerotherapy for large hepatic cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Chien-Fang; Liang, Huei-Lung; Pan, Huay-Ben; Lin, Yih-Huie; Mok, King-Tong; Lo, Gin-Ho; Lai, Kwok-Hung

    2006-10-01

    Our purpose was to evaluate the safety and therapeutic efficacy of single-session prolonged alcohol sclerotherapy in treating large hepatic cysts. A therapeutic comparison between 4-hour and 2-hour retention techniques was also studied. Twenty-seven patients with 31 hepatic cysts were enrolled in this study. Seventeen patients (18 cysts) were treated by alcohol retention for 4 hours (group 1) and 10 patients (13 cysts) for 2 hours (group 2). The mean diameter of the hepatic cysts was 12.4 cm (range, 8-23 cm) with a comparable size range in each group. The sclerosing agent used was 95% alcohol, and the maximum amount was limited to 200 mL. Patients changed position and vital signs were monitored every 10-15 minutes. The blood alcohol concentrations were checked hourly for 5 consecutive hours in the initial nine patients. The nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare the difference in characteristics and treatment results of the subjects between these two groups. The level of statistical significance was set at a p value of less than 0.05. All but one patient in group 2 tolerated the entire course of sclerotherapy. The mean aspirated volume and mean injected alcohol volume of the hepatic cysts were 730 mL and 138.3 mL, respectively, in group 1 patients, and 931 mL and 139 mL, respectively, in group 2 patients. The mean maximum blood alcohol concentration was 128.2 mg/dL (range, 60-199 mg/dL) at 3-4 hours after alcohol instillation. The mean posttherapy residual cystic diameter was 2.5 cm (range, 0-6 cm), with an average volume reduction rate of 98.3% and 97.7%, respectively, for patients in group 1 and group 2 after a mean follow-up period of 29.6 months (9-59 months). No statistical differences of the mean reduction rate between the two groups were noted. Long retention of the alcohol in a single-injection technique is safe and effective. Two-hour alcohol retention has a comparable efficacy to that of 4-hour retention.

  17. Multiple anechoic hepatic nodules in a patient with malignant lymphoma: report of a case with an emphasis on B-mode sonograms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohyama, Yoko; Konno, Junko; Yoshida, Chioko; Kudoh, Naoko; Sasaki, Toshiki; Hoshino, Takao; Watanabe, Hiroyuki; Ishida, Hideaki; Furukawa, Kayoko; Watanabe, Takako

    2008-12-01

    We present a case of hepatic malignant lymphoma (ML) in which the hepatic ML nodules were imaged as round anechoic nodules with posterior echo enhancement, mimicking hepatic cysts on B-mode ultrasonography (US). However, the boundary echo between the nodules and the surrounding hepatic tissue seemed to be less distinct than that of a hepatic cyst. Contrast-enhanced US showed the nodules to be hypervascular, which ruled out the possibility of hepatic cysts. Our observation stresses the importance of boundary echo for the diagnosis of hepatic ML on B-mode US. We also offer a possible explanation for this phenomenon.

  18. Hydatid hepatic cysts rupture into the biliary tract, the peritoneal cavity, the thoracic cavity and the hepatic subcapsular space: specific computed tomography findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonopoulos, P; Tavernaraki, K; Charalampopoulos, G; Constantinidis, F; Petroulakis, A; Drossos, Ch

    2008-01-01

    This study attempts to demonstrate the role of computed tomography in the diagnosis of hepatic hydatid cyst rupture based on specific imaging findings and to propose combinations of the imaging findings diagnostic for specific types of rupture. Eleven patients were studied with computed tomography of the abdomen, with 4-8 mm slice thickness, after the oral administration of contrast material and intravenous contrast material in 6 cases. Based on a combination of imaging findings the types of hepatic hydatid cyst rupture were: intrabiliary rupture in 7 patients, intraperitoneal rupture in 1 patient, intrathoracic rupture in 1 patient, hepatic subcapsular rupture in 2 patients. Structural deformity of the cyst was present in all cases, combined with: dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts (intrabiliary rupture); intraperitoneal fluid collections with diffuse haziness and stranding of the mesenteric fat (intraperitoneal rupture); an inhomogeneous lesion in the thorax with ipsilateral pleural effusion (intrathoracic rupture); a hydatid cyst located peripherally, with discontinuity of its adjacent to the hepatic capsule wall and subcapsular fluid collection (subcapsular rupture). The imaging findings were surgically and pathologically confirmed. Using combinations of specific imaging findings we correctly diagnosed the type of hepatic hydatid cyst rupture in all cases.

  19. Cone-beam computed tomographic illustration of an unusual position of keratocystic odontogenic tumor mimicking a dentigerous cyst: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepankar Misra

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT is an advanced imaging modality, with its application in all branches of dentistry. Of all the imaging modalities available, CBCT, with minimum required exposure, provides the best image quality and helps in arriving at a correct diagnosis and in treatment planning. An odontogenic keratocyst, reclassified as a keratocystic odontogenic tumor (KCOT, has an aggressive behavior, is prone to recur, and thus, has been classified as a tumor. Here, we discuss a rare case of a keratocystic odontogenic tumor occurring in the maxilla, with an ectopic tooth position mimicking a dentigerous cyst.

  20. CT of liver cysts in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gupta, S.; Seith, A.; Suri, S. [Postgraduate Inst. of Medical Education and Research. Chandigarh (India). Dept. of Radiodiagnosis; Dhiman, R.K.; Chawla, Y.K. [Postgraduate Inst. of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (India). Dept. of Hepatology; Sud, K.; Kohli, H.S.; Sakhuja, V. [Postgraduate Inst. of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh (India). Dept. of Nephrology

    1999-07-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to illustrate the CT appearances of liver cysts in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Material and methods: Contrast-enhanced CT images of 24 patients with ADPKD were retrospectively evaluated for the presence, number, size and distribution of liver cysts. An attempt was made to categorize these cysts into peribiliary cysts (located adjacent to larger portal triads or in the hepatic hilum) and intrahepatic cysts (within the liver parenchyma but not in contact with larger portal triads). When it was not possible to definitely categorize the cysts into either type, the cysts were labeled as indeterminate. Results: Liver cysts were seen in 13 (54%) patients. Intrahepatic cysts were seen in 12 patients, and were mainly peripheral in location with sizes ranging from less than 10 mm to 8 cm. Peribiliary cysts were seen in all 13 patients and were usually less than 10 mm in size. These cysts were seen as discrete cysts (8 patients), a string of cysts (10 patients), or as a tubular structure paralleling the portal vessels, mimicking biliary dilatation (11 patients). Twelve patients also showed indeterminate cysts which defied definite categorization into either type; two common causes of confusion included large (more than 10 mm) discrete cysts in the hilar region and the presence of a vessel adjacent to peripheral cysts. Conclusion: Liver cysts in patients with ADPKD show a wide variety of appearances of CT. Familiarity with these findings is essential to avoid confusion with other abnormalities. (orig.)

  1. Fine needle aspiration cytology of an ovarian luteinized follicular cyst mimicking a granulosa cell tumor. A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dejmek, Annika

    2003-01-01

    Fine needle aspiration is a valuable tool in the diagnosis of ovarian cysts, especially in the young and when a nonneoplastic cyst is suspected. High cellularity, epitheliallike clusters and cellular atypia in aspirates from functional cysts are known features that may lead to an erroneous diagnosis of malignancy. Granulosa cells in ovarian cystic fluids may originate in follicular cysts or cystic granulosa cell tumors. In luteinized follicular cysts the cells usually have ample cytoplasm and tend to form clusters. This report draws attention to a case where abundant, dispersed cells lacking cytoplasm led to the incorrect diagnosis of a granulosa cell tumor. In an ovarian cystic aspirate from a 34-year-old woman, the fluid was highly cellular, with a striking predominance of cells interpreted as granulosa cells. Granulosa cells are often found in aspirates from functional cysts, but striking cellularity, prominent nuclear grooves and lack of luteinization made us consider a granulosa cell tumor rather than a follicle-derived cyst. Surgery was performed, and histology revealed a benign serous cystadenoma but also numerous maturing follicles and follicular cysts with thick layers of granulosa cells. The aspirate obviously did not represent the cystadenoma but one of the prominent follicular cysts. An understanding of the cytologic features of functional ovarian cysts, including the pitfalls, is necessary to avoid a false diagnoses of a neoplastic lesion. For a correct interpretation of the cytologic findings, close communication with the clinician and with the radiologist performing the aspiration is of vital importance.

  2. Hepatic abscess in a pre-existed simple hepatic cyst as a late complication of sigmoid colon ruptured diverticula: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chatzipetrou Maria

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Hepatic abscesses have been reported as a rare complication of diverticulitis of the bowel. This complication is recognized more commonly at the time of the diagnosis of diverticulitis, or ruptured diverticula, but also can be diagnosed prior to surgery, or postoperatively. Case presentation This report describes a man who developed an hepatic abscess within a simple hepatic cyst, two months after operation for ruptured diverticula of the sigmoid colon. The abscess was drained surgically and the patient made a complete recovery. Conclusion The development of an hepatic abscess in a pre-existing hepatic cyst, secondary to diverticulitis, is a rare complication. A high degree of clinical suspicion is required for immediate diagnosis and treatment.

  3. Pilocytic Astrocytoma of Fornix Mimicking a Colloid Cyst: Report of 2 Cases and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharifi, Guive; Rahmanzadeh, Reza; Lotfinia, Mahmoud; Rahmanzade, Ramin

    2018-01-01

    Colloid cyst is a gelatin-containing cyst in the brain almost always found in the third ventricle. The specific shape and location of these cysts, a round well-delineated mass in the rostral part of the third ventricle adjacent to the foramen of Monro, on imaging are the main findings for diagnosis. Several masses of the third ventricle masquerading colloid cysts on images have been reported. Based on different surgical approaches, preoperative misdiagnosis of colloid cyst may have great impact on prognosis. We report 2 cases that presented with severe headache and hydrocephalus, and their preoperative images were highly indicative of colloid cyst. Histopathologic investigations after tumor resection showed pilocytic astrocytoma of fornix in both cases. Fifteen cases of colloid cyst misdiagnosis with other masses have been reported thus far; among them, 2 cases were pilocytic astrocytoma. In this study we report 2 other cases. Furthermore, we discuss additional clues helping to differentiate pilocytic astrocytoma from colloid cyst on images. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Hydatid cyst of the liver which demaged the confluence of the hepatic ducts causing deep obstructive jaundice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Radoje B.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Complications of the hydatid cyst of the liver on bile ducts appear in 5-25% representing almost two third of all complications of the hydatid liver cysts. Fortunately a damage to the bile ducts causes only an infection of the cyst usually without major consequences. More serious complications such as cholangitis and deep obstructive jaundice are much rarer. The defect of the bile duct usually is a periferal one. Damage to the major ducts are rarer and those on the confluence of hepatic ducts itself are the rarity. In that case biliary reconstruction may be a serious chalenge. The authors present a 23 year-old man in whom a centrally localised hydatid cyst made a major damage of the confluence of all three hepatic ducts causing deep obstructive jaundice. After standard procedure for hydatid cyst an intracavital mucosa to mucosa hepaticoje-junostomy was carried out with excellent success. More then six years after surgery the patient stayed symptom-free with bilirubin and alkaline phosphatase within normal limits.

  5. [Alcohol treatment of hydatid cyst in a case of old hydatidosis with hepatic skip].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giordano, A; Santagata, A; Di Meo, E; Della Corte, L; Di Robbio, R

    2002-08-01

    Hydatidosis is related to parasitical etiology, linked to Echinococcus granulosis and Echinococcus multilocularis. The authors describe an uncommon clinical case of old hydatidosis in an 80-year old woman, presenting hepatic skip , with localization to the right lung and kidney and burrowing to the posterior abdominal wall. Because of the patient's lack of compliance, percutaneous treatment with alcohol of the lumbar lesion with 95% ethanol is carried out under echographic guide, to improve quoad valetudinem prognosis. The authors indicate that the method target are: 1) multiple relapse lesions; 2) complicated anatomie area; 3) multiltle cyst; 4) marginal lesions. Moreover, this method shows important advantages such as be possibility of repetition, low invasivity, high patient's compliance, low rate of shock and dissemination and finally low cost.

  6. [Intrabiliary rupture of hepatic hydatid cysts: results of 17 years' experience].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomuş, C; Iancu, C; Pop, F; Al Hajjar, N; Puia, C; Munteanu, D; Bălă, O; Graur, F; Furcea, L; Vlad, L

    2009-01-01

    Between 1990 and 2006 in the III-rd Surgical Clinic Cluj-Napoca, 366 pacients with hepatic hydatid cyst were admitted and underwent surgery; 81 (22.13%) of them, who had a cyst-biliary comunication, were retrospectively reviewed: 52 (64.2%) had an occult communications and 29 (35.8%) had a frank intrabiliary rupture. The sex ratio was M/F=46/35 with a mean age of 44.5 years and with ages between 17 and 73 years. Choledochotomy, evacuation of parasitic material and lavage of the CBP were performed in all patients with frank intrabiliary rupture. In 25 patients, partial pericystectomy and choledochoduodenostomy/T-tube drainage of CBP was performed. Internal drainage by a Roux-en-Y pericystectojejunostomy and biliodigestive anastomosis was carried out in 2 patients, while other two patients underwent external drainage of cystic cavity and T-tube drainage of CBP. 15 patients (51.7%) had postoperative external bile leaks (fistulas). Occult communications were managed by partial pericystectomy +/- narrowing of the residual cavity (capitonage with an omentum flap or invagination of the fibrosis capsule margins into the cavity) in 35 patients (67.3%) while in 10 patients (19.2%) internal drainage by a Roux-en-Y pericystectojejunostomy was carried out. Regional resection of the liver was performed in 4 cases (7.7%) and external drainage of residual cavity in 3 patients (5.7%). 13 patients (25%) had postoperative external bile leaks (fistulas). The mean postoperative hospitalisation was 20 days with the range 5-85 days. The mortality rate was 2.4% (2 patients): one died due to septicemia and MOFS and the other due to pulmonary thromboembolism. Postoperative bile leaks (fistulas) fallowing conservative surgery of ruptured hydatid hepatic cyst into the biliary tract are not rare regardless of the type of rupture (frank or occult). Although the opening of the biliary duct is sutured, the risk of biliary fistulas is not clearly corelated with this approach; in such cases

  7. Bilateral diaphyseal bone cysts of the tibia mimicking shin splints in a young professional athlete--a case report and depiction of a less-invasive surgical technique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toepfer, Andreas; Harrasser, Norbert; Lenze, Ulrich; Liska, Franz; Mühlhofer, Heinrich; von Eisenhart-Rothe, Rüdiger; Banke, Ingo J

    2015-08-23

    Medial tibial stress syndrome is one of the most common causes of exertional leg pain in runners whereas musculoskeletal tumors and tumor-like lesions are rare encounters in orthopedic sports medicine practice. Unicameral (simple) bone cyst is a well-known tumor-like lesions of the bone typically affecting children and adolescents. Bilateral occurrence is very rare though and has never been reported before in both tibiae. Failing to accurately diagnose a tumorous lesion can entail far-reaching consequences for both patients and physicians. We report the case of large bilateral unicameral bone cysts of the diaphyseal tibiae mimicking medial tibial stress syndrome in a 17-year old professional athlete. This is the first report of symmetric tibial unicameral bone cysts in the literature. The patient complained about persisting shin splint-like symptoms over 5 months despite comprehensive conservative treatment before MRI revealed extensive osteolytic bone lesions in both diaphyseal tibiae. The patient-tailored, less-invasive surgical procedure, allowing the patient to return to his competitive sports level symptom-free 3 months after surgery and to eventually qualify for this years Biathlon Junior World Championships, is outlined briefly. Pathogenesis and various treatment options for this entity will be discussed. This report will help to raise awareness for musculoskeletal tumors as differential diagnosis for therapy-refractory symptoms in young athletes and encourage medical staff involved in sports medicine and athlete support to perform early high quality imaging and initiate sufficient surgical treatment in similar cases. Moreover, our less-invasive surgical procedure aiming for a fast return to sports might be an optimal compromise between traditional open curettage with low risk of recurrence and a soft tissue-saving and bone-sparing minimal-invasive technique.

  8. Pure Laparoscopic Left Hemihepatectomy for Hepatic Peribiliary Cysts with Biliary Intraepithelial Neoplasia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akira Umemura

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Hepatic peribiliary cysts (HPCs usually originate due to the cystic dilatation of the intrahepatic extramural peribiliary glands. We describe our rare experience of pure laparoscopic left hemihepatectomy (PLLH in a patient with HPCs accompanied by a component of biliary intraepithelial neoplasia (BilIN. Case Presentation. A 65-year-old man was referred for further investigation of mild hepatic dysfunction. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed dilatation of the left-sided intrahepatic bile duct, and biliary cytology showed class III cells. The patient was highly suspected of having left side-dominated cholangiocarcinoma and underwent PLLH. Microscopic findings revealed multiple cystic dilatations of the extramural peribiliary glands; hence, this lesion was diagnosed as HPCs. The resected intrahepatic bile duct showed that the normal ductal lumen comprised low columnar epithelia; however, front formation on the BilIN was observed in some parts of the intrahepatic bile duct, indicating that the BilIN coexisted with HPCs. Conclusion. We chose surgical therapy for this patient owing to the presence of some features of biliary malignancy. We employed noble PLLH as a minimally invasive procedure for this patient.

  9. Laparoscopic resection of isolated hepatic splenosis mimicking liver tumors: case report with a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Kun; Liang, Yuelong; Liang, Xiao; Yu, Hong; Wang, Yifan; Cai, Xiujun

    2012-10-01

    Isolated hepatic splenosis is a rare condition in hepatobiliary surgery. In this study, we report a case of this condition managed by laparoscopic surgery. A 38-year-old male hepatitis B virus carrier, who had a motorcycle accident and splenectomy 14 years before the current incident, was hospitalized due to a hepatic mass. His laboratory tests were consistent with a hyposplenic state, whereas radiologic images revealed a benign tumor in the left liver lobe located in a site difficult to access with preoperative biopsy. Therefore, we performed a laparoscopic exploration and total resection, which revealed a bluish oval encapsulated nodule in the narrow gap between the diaphragm, falciform ligament, and left hepatic capsule. The pathologic diagnosis was hepatic splenosis. Unlike other patients with multiple intraperitoneal lesions and relatively normal splenism, this is the first case of isolated hepatic splenosis with evident hyposplenism managed by laparoscopic approach in the English literature.

  10. The association of hypernatremia and hypertonic saline irrigation in hepatic hydatid cysts: A case report and retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Rujun; Wu, Renhua; Lv, Qingguo; Tong, Nanwei; Zhang, Yuwei

    2017-09-01

    Hypernatremia is a rare but fatal complication of hypertonic saline (HS) irrigation in hepatic hydatid disease. It needs careful monitoring and treatment. A 28-year-old woman with hepatic hydatid cysts who received operation treatment developed electrolyte disturbances. We also conducted a retrospective study about influence of HS application on electrolytes in patients with hepatic hydatid disease receiving surgery. Hypernatremia, developed after HS irrigation. Normal saline, 5% dextrose and other supportive treatment were administered. In the retrospective study, a comparison of electrolyte and glucose fluctuation was made among different HS application groups. The patient developed hypernatremia after irrigation with HS and died from severe complications. Although some cases of complications are found, no significant relationship between HS irrigation and hypernatremia was reported according to the retrospective study. Hypernatremia after HS irrigation remains rare but might cause severe complications. Monitoring and appropriate treatment are needed to improve prognosis.

  11. Pseudotumoral Hydatid Cyst: Report of a Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ioannis E. Petrakis

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatidosis due to Echinococcus granulosus is an endemic parasitic zoonosis characterized by worldwide distribution particularly in Mediterranean countries. The most commonly involved anatomical locations are the liver and lung. Occasionally the cyst may progressively increase in size, mimicking gross ascites or intrabdominal tumor. Herein, are reported a case of a 40-year-old patient with a giant exophytically expanded hepatic echinococcus cyst, misdiagnosed as an abdominal malignancy during formal investigation. The patient was admitted to the hospital complaining for mild diffuse abdominal tenderness, moderate abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhoea, and vomiting. A CT scan revealed the presence of a giant abdominal mass 25×21×14 cm, resembling a tumor, adherent to the liver edges and parietal peritoneum, displacing intestinal loops. During the ensuing days the patient’s clinical condition worsened, and he became febrile. Exploratory laparotomy was performed, and an exophytically grown giant liver hydatid cyst was removed, despite the radiological findings and the preoperative clinical suspicion.

  12. Fine needle aspiration diagnosis of necrotizing eosinophilic abscess clinically mimicking hepatic neoplasia: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Grace; Kathuria, Manoj; Abraham, Bincy; Schnadig, Vicki J

    2010-01-01

    Eosinophilic hepatic pseudotumors (EHP) are known complications of visceral larva migrans (VLM). By radiologic studies, EHP can be suspicious for primary or metastatic hepatic neoplasia. Diagnosis of an EHP by fine needle aspiration (FNA) led to the diagnosis of Toxocara VLM in a patient with suspected hepatic neoplasia. A 38-year-old Cambodian man had hepatitis B and chronic hepatitis with grade III portal fibrosis diagnosed in 2003. He had had negative routine alpha-fetoprotein and radiologic screening for hepatic neoplasia until 2006 when abdominal computed tomography revealed a 1.6 x 1.2-cm, ill-defined hypodense lesion in segment VII. Biopsy was recommended in order to exclude hepatocellular carcinoma. FNA of the lesion contained abundant Charcot-Leyden crystals, degenerating eosinophils and necrotic debris. Work-up for nematode larva migrans was recommended. Toxocara antigen IgG titer was significantly elevated leading to a presumptive diagnosis of VLM, and therapy for Toxocara-induced VLM was given. Identification of abundant Charcot-Leyden crystals and necrotic eosinophils in an FNA of the liver led to appropriate ancillary diagnostic tests and therapy for visceral larva migrans.

  13. Lymphadenopathy resulting from acute hepatitis C infection mimicking metastatic breast carcinoma on FDG PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacene, Heather A; Stearns, Vered; Wahl, Richard L

    2006-07-01

    We report a case documenting fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) accumulation in upper abdominal lymph nodes resulting from acute hepatitis C infection. A 42-year-old African-American female with a history of metastatic breast carcinoma was found to have hypermetabolic porta hepatic, peripancreatic, and paraaortic lymphadenopathy and hypermetabolism in the spleen on a surveillance FDG positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) scan. Concurrently, she was diagnosed with acute hepatitis C infection. Antiviral therapy was not recommended secondary to the low level of detectable virus at the time of diagnosis. Her breast cancer therapy regimen was continued unaltered. FDG PET/CT scan was repeated 2 months later as a result of concern that the hypermetabolic lymph nodes represented metastatic disease; however, the scan revealed complete resolution of the previously abnormal findings. The resolution of the lymphadenopathy and the patient's clinical course led to the conclusion that the most likely explanation for the FDG PET/CT findings was inflammation secondary to acute hepatitis C infection and not metastatic breast carcinoma. Inflammatory and infectious processes accumulate FDG, occasionally resulting in false-positives for malignancy. Infected macrophages in the lymph nodes draining the liver in this case and stimulation of a cellular immune response by the hepatitis C virus, with resultant cytokine production by cytotoxic and T-helper cells, offer possible explanations for the findings seen on FDG PET/CT in this case. This case highlights the importance of clinical history and laboratory correlation for the proper interpretation of FDG PET scans.

  14. Primary hepatic actinomycosis mimicking a tumor (inflammatory pseudotumor: Case report and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe Batirel

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Actinomycosis often manifests with abscesses in the cervicofacial region. Hepatic involvement occurs usually secondary to an intraabdominal infection. “Isolated or primary hepatic actinomycosis (PHA defines actinomycosis in which the source of infection cannot be demonstrated elsewhere. Herein, we aimed to highlight hepatic actinomycosis in the differential diagnosis of hepatic mass lesions, and also its occurrence even in patients without underlying risk factors. A 24-year-old man, who presented with epigastric and right-upper-quadrant abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, and had a tumor-like mass in the liver was admitted to our hospital. He had no predisposing risk factors or comorbidities. We reviewed all the cases with PHA, who had no predisposing risk factors, in English medical literature from 1993 to 2014. Actinomycotic hepatic pseudotumors should be considered in the differential diagnosis of solitary liver lesions even in patients without any predisposing factors. Multi-disciplinary approach is important in the diagnosis and management. J Microbiol Infect Dis 2015;5(2: 79-84

  15. Primary hepatic actinomycosis mimicking hepatic malignancy with metastatic lymph nodes by F-18 FDG PET/CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kong, Eun Jung [Yeungnam Univ. Medical School and Hospital, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-03-15

    Hepatic involvement is usually secondary to abdominal actinomycosis infection. Symptom onset is typically subscute and the disease follows a chronic and indolent course. These lesions are called inflammatory pseudotumors and cannot be differentiated from malignant tumors by radiological examination alone. Laboratory tests showed mild anemia; hemoglobin 119 g/L, elevated white blood cell count of 23,060/mm{sup 3}, AST 33 U/L, ALT 45 U/L, and γ-GT 155 U/L.

  16. Hepatic splenosis mimicking liver metastases in a patient with history of childhood immature teratoma

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    Jereb Sara

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Hepatic splenosis is rare condition, preceded by splenectomy or spleen trauma, the term refers to nodular implantation of normal splenic tissue in the liver. In patients with history of malignancy in particular, it can be mistaken for metastases and can lead to unnecessary diagnostic procedures or inappropriate treatment.

  17. Hepatic splenosis mimicking liver metastases in a patient with history of childhood immature teratoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trotovsek, Blaz; Skrbinc, Breda

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Background Hepatic splenosis is rare condition, preceded by splenectomy or spleen trauma, the term refers to nodular implantation of normal splenic tissue in the liver. In patients with history of malignancy in particular, it can be mistaken for metastases and can lead to unnecessary diagnostic procedures or inappropriate treatment. Case report Twenty-two-year old male was treated for immature teratoma linked to undescended right testicle after birth. On regular follow-up examinations no signs of disease relapse or long-term consequences were observed. He was presented with incidental finding of mature cystic teratoma after elective surgery for what appeared to be left-sided inguinal hernia. The tumour was most likely a metastasis of childhood teratoma. Origin within remaining left testicle was not found. Upon further imaging diagnostics, several intrahepatic lesions were revealed. Based on radiologic appearance they were suspicious to be metastases. The patient underwent two ultrasound guided fine-needle aspiration biopsies. Cytologic diagnosis was inconclusive. Histology of laparoscopically obtained tissue disclosed presence of normal splenic tissue and led to diagnosis of hepatic splenosis. Conclusions Though hepatic splenosis is rare, it needs to be included in differential diagnosis of nodular hepatic lesions. Accurate interpretation of those lesions is crucial for appropriate management of the patient. If diagnosis eludes after cytologic diagnostics alone, laparoscopic excision of nodular lesion is warranted before considering more extensive liver resection. PMID:27247554

  18. Clinical effect of ultrasound-guided injection of lauromacrogol versus anhydrous ethanol as sclerotherapy for simple hepatic cyst: a comparative analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DONG Jinbin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the clinical effect of ultrasound-guided injection of lauromacrogol versus anhydrous ethanol as the sclerotherapy for simple hepatic cyst, as well as the incidence rates of adverse events and changes in liver function and the results of routine blood test after surgery, and to evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of these two sclerosing agents in the treatment of simple hepatic cyst. MethodsA total of 62 patients with simple hepatic cyst who were treated in Department of Gastroenterology, Shanghai Pudong New Area Gongli Hospital were enrolled and randomly divided into observation group (lauromacrogol group and control group (anhydrous ethanol group. The patients in these two groups were given ultrasound-guided injection of lauromacrogol and anhydrous ethanol, respectively. The incidence rates of intraoperative and postoperative adverse events, cure rate, changes in the serum levels of serum total bilirubin (TBil, alanine aminotransferase (ALT, aspartate aminotransferase (AST, cholinesterase (CHE, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP, and changes in the results of routine blood test within 24 hours after surgery were compared between the two groups. The t-test was used for comparison of continuous data between groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups. Results Compared with the control group, the observation group had significantly lower incidence rates of adverse events and a significantly lower blood alcohol concentration (both P<0.05. The cure rate (1 and 6 months after surgery and the changes in the results of routine blood test within 24 hours after surgery showed no significant differences between the two groups (both P >0.05. At 1 week after surgery, theserum levels of ALT and AST showed significant differences between the observation group and the control group for single hepatic cyst (t=-3.680 and -5.571, P=0.001 and <0.001, while the serum levels of ALT and AST

  19. Pancreatic hydatid cyst mimicking a choledochal cyst

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    G5

    St. Louis: Mosby Year Book,. 1995: 668. 8. Pedrosa I, Saiz A, Azzarzalo J, Ferreiros J, Pedrosa. CS. Hydatid disease: radiological and pathologic features and complications. Radiographics 2000;. 20: 795-817. 9. Lewall DB. Hydatid disease: biology, pathology, imaging and classification. Clin Radiol 1998; 53: 863-874. 10.

  20. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma ALK-negative clinically mimicking alcoholic hepatitis – a review

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    Fernando Peixoto Ferraz de Campos

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, described less than 30 years ago by Karl Lennert and Herald Stein in Kiel, West Germany, is a T-cell or null non-Hodgkin lymphoma, with distinctive morphology (hallmark cells, prominent sinus and/or perivascular growth pattern, characteristic immunophenotype (CD30+, cytotoxic granules protein+, CD3–/+ and specific genetic features as translocations involving the receptor tyrosine kinase called anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK on 2p23 and variable partners genes, which results in the expression of ALK fusion protein. The absence of ALK expression is also observed and is associated with poorer prognosis that seen with ALK expression. ALK-negative ALCL is more frequent in adults, with both nodal and extra nodal clinical presentation and includes several differential diagnoses with other CD30+ lymphomas. Liver involvement by ALCL is rare and is generally seen as mass formation; the diffuse pattern of infiltration is even more unusual. The authors present a case of a 72-year-old man who presented clinical symptoms of acute hepatic failure. The patient had a long history of alcohol abuse and the diagnosis of alcoholic hepatitis was highly considered, although the serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH value was highly elevated. The clinical course was fulminant leading to death on the fourth day of hospitalization. Autopsy demonstrated diffuse neoplastic hepatic infiltration as well as splenic, pulmonary, bone marrow, and minor abdominal lymph nodes involvement by the tumor. Based on morphological, immunophenotypical, and immunohistochemical features, a diagnosis of ALK- negative ALCL was concluded. When there is marked elevation of LDH the possibility of lymphoma, ALCL and other types, should be the principal diagnosis to be considered.

  1. Multicentric Castleman's disease with multiple hepatic mass lesions mimicking malignant liver tumors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ueki, Toshimitsu; Nasuno, Masaru; Kaiume, Hiroko; Hiroshima, Yuki; Sumi, Masahiko; Watanabe, Masahide; Inoue, Dai; Masaki, Yasufumi; Sato, Yasuharu; Kojima, Masaru; Kobayashi, Hikaru

    2017-01-01

    Multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) is a rare, non-malignant lymphoproliferative disorder. We report a case of MCD with multiple liver masses. A 26-year-old woman presented with asymptomatic anemia and hypoalbuminemia. Laboratory tests detected high CRP levels and findings indicative of polyclonal gammopathy. Abdominal CT revealed multiple hepatic large masses (≤10 cm) and partial calcification in the right lobe. Multiple enlarged lymph nodes were also identified in the cardiophrenic angle and porta hepatis. We suspected hepatic malignancy, but pathological examinations of the liver and lymph nodes demonstrated polyclonal plasma cell infiltration and fibrosis. IL-6 staining was positive for plasma cell infiltration of lymph nodes. A few plasma cells were positive for IgG4, and tests for HIV and HHV-8 were negative. Serum IL-6 and plasma VEGF levels were both elevated (45 and 536 pg/ml, respectively). The patient was diagnosed with plasma cell type MCD. We started treatment with PSL 1 mg/kg/day, which led to improvement of anemia, hypoalbuminemia, and high CRP levels. Marginal regression of liver masses was also observed. At the last follow-up, the patient had been progression-free for 18 months. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a plasma cell type MCD with liver masses.

  2. Ovarian cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Physiologic ovarian cysts; Functional ovarian cysts; Corpus luteum cysts; Follicular cysts ... and forms a cyst . This is called a follicular cyst. Another type ... blood. Ovarian cysts are more common in the childbearing years ...

  3. Superinfection of a Dead Hepatic Echinococcal Cyst with a Cutaneous Fistulization

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    Giuseppe Cicero

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cystic echinococcosis (CE, also known as “hydatid disease” (HD, is a zoonotic infection caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, which infects humans as intermediate hosts through the orofecal route. Carried by the intestinal venous blood, the embryos released by the eggs of the tapeworms can reach every organ, especially the liver, turning into a hydatid cyst. Usually asymptomatic, the cysts can be incidentally detected through radiological examinations performed for other reasons. We show an unusual case of superinfection of a hydatid cyst with typical radiological features of inactivity (WHO-type CE5 with an even rarer skin fistulization passing through a subcutaneous-abdominal abscess involving the right iliac muscle.

  4. Chromosomal abnormalities in hepatic cysts point to novel polycystic liver disease genes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wills, E.S.; Cnossen, W.R.; Veltman, J.A.; Woestenenk, R.M.; Steehouwer, M.; Salomon, J.; Morsche, R.H.M. te; Huch, M.; Hehir-Kwa, J.Y.; Banning, M.J.; Pfundt, R.P.; Roepman, R.; Hoischen, A.; Drenth, J.P.H.

    2016-01-01

    Autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (ADPLD) is caused by variants in PRKCSH, SEC63, and LRP5, whereas autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is caused by variants in PKD1 and PKD2. Liver cyst development in these disorders is explained by somatic loss-of-heterozygosity (LOH) of the

  5. Surgical Treatment of Coledochal Cyst Associated with an Aberrant Posterior Hepatic Duct: Report of a Case and Brief Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Girolamo Geraci

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Choledochal cysts (CCs are rare congenital cystic or fusiform dilatations of the biliary tree that can involve the extrahepatic and/or intrahepatic biliary tree. We report a case of huge type I CC associated with an aberrant posterior hepatic duct. A 52-year-old man presented with a 3-week history of upper right abdominal pain and jaundice and serologic sign of obstructive jaundice. Ultrasonography (US, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography were performed with the diagnosis of CC type I according to the classification of Alonso-Lej and Todani-Watanabe. The indication for surgical resection was posed. The cyst was completely resected and the biliary tract was reconstructed with a double hepatico-jejunostomy using the same Roux limb, since during the surgical dissection a before unrecognized anatomical variation of the right biliary tree (aberrant posterior hepatic duct at VI–VII segment was identified. The diagnosis of CC is often difficult and US and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography are necessary to definite biliary dilatation. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography should be the most definitive and reliable procedure for the diagnosis and treatment of bilio-pancreatic disorders. Gold standard treatment is surgery (bilio-jejunostomy and frozen-section histology should be performed to rule out the presence of cancer. In conclusion, surgery is the gold standard for the treatment of CC type I and does not depend on the age of patients, based on a substantial lifetime risk of developing cholangiocarcinoma. Preoperative study is mandatory to assess the biliary tree morphology and to research any anatomical variation.

  6. Large abdominal-pelvic cyst: An unusual presentation of hepatic echinococcosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borre, D.G.; Borre, G.E.

    1988-10-01

    The authors present an unusual form of hepatic echinococcosis characterized by a cystic mass that occupied the whole abdomen. The clinical features and the results of the diagnostic imaging procedures (ultrasound, computed tomography) are commented.

  7. Differentiation between simple cyst and hepatic hemangioma utilizing T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with gradient-echo (b-FFE) technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burim, Carolina Valente; D' Ippolito, Giuseppe [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem]. E-mail: scoposl@uol.com.br; Pecci Neto, Luiz; Torlai, Fabiola Goda; Tiferes, Dario Ariel [Laboratorio Fleury, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Centro de Medicina Diagnostica

    2008-11-15

    Objective: to establish the role of MRI T2-weighted sequences in the differentiation between simple cysts and hepatic hemangiomas. Materials and methods: a double-blinded, prospective, observational, cross sectional study evaluated 52 patients with 91 hepatic lesions (34 simple cysts and 57 hemangiomas) submitted to abdominal magnetic resonance imaging. The combined analysis of all sequences was considered as the golden-standard. TSE sequences with long echo trains and b-FFE sequences were subjectively analyzed by two independent observers for differentiating cysts from hemangiomas. The kappa test ({kappa}) was utilized in the analysis of the methods accuracy and inter- and intra-observer agreement (p < 0.05{sup *}). Results: cysts and hemangiomas dimensions ranged respectively between 0.5 and 6.5 cm (mean 1.89 cm), and 0.8 and 11 cm (mean = 2.62 cm). The analysis of the sequences with long-TE and the golden-standard demonstrated a non-statistically significant agreement (k: 0.00-0.10). The agreement between the evaluation of the b-FFE sequence and the golden-standard ranged from substantial ({kappa}: 0.62-0.71) to almost perfect ({kappa}: 0.86) for both observers. The inter- and intra-observer agreement for the b-FFE sequence ranged from substantial ({kappa}: 0.62-0.70) to almost perfect ({kappa}: 0.85-0.91). Conclusion: T2-weighted images acquired with the b-FFE technique present a high accuracy and reproducibility in the differentiation between cysts and hepatic hemangiomas. (author)

  8. [Choledochal cyst (author's transl)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domínguez Vallejo, J; Cuadros, J; Lassaletta, L; Monereo, J

    1978-11-01

    This paper reports six pediatric patients with congenital choledochal cyst. From the long-term follow-up results of the six patients authors conclude that primary excision of the choledochal cyst and Roux hepatic jejunostomy are the first choice treatment for this lesion. However, it may not be possible in all cases, and choledochocystoenterostomy would then be useful as a second choice.

  9. "Pseudo washout" sign in high-flow hepatic hemangioma on gadoxetic acid contrast-enhanced MRI mimicking hypervascular tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doo, Kyung Won; Lee, Chang Hee; Choi, Jae Woong; Lee, Jongmee; Kim, Kyeong Ah; Park, Cheol Min

    2009-12-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe the "pseudo washout" sign of high-flow hepatic hemangioma that mimics hypervascular tumor on gadoxetic acid-enhanced MRI. High-flow hemangiomas might show relatively low signal intensity because of gadoxetic acid contrast uptake in the surrounding normal liver parenchyma during the equilibrium (3-minute delay) phase. Such findings are called pseudo washout and can mimic hypervascular hepatic tumors. However, high-flow hemangioma can be diagnosed by observing bright signal intensity on T2-weighted imaging, arterial phase-dominant enhancement, pseudo washout sign during the equilibrium phase, and isointense or slightly increased signal intensity on subtraction images.

  10. Pulmonary Embolism Originating from a Hepatic Hydatid Cyst Ruptured into the Inferior Vena Cava: CT and MRI Findings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Necdet Poyraz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Pulmonary embolism due to hydatid cysts is a very rare clinical entity. Hydatid pulmonary embolism can be distinguished from other causes of pulmonary embolism with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. MRI especially displays the cystic nature of lesions better than CECT. Here we report a 45-year-old male patient with the pulmonary embolism due to ruptured hydatid liver cyst into the inferior vena cava.

  11. Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection mimicking autoimmune hepatitis exacerbation in a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamashita, H; Shimizu, A; Tsuchiya, H; Takahashi, Y; Kaneko, H; Kano, T; Mimori, A

    2014-07-01

    Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) is characterized by chronic infectious mononucleosis-like symptoms. We report a very rare case with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) complicated by CAEBV. A 50-year-old woman with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) complicated by AIH began to suffer from acute respiratory failure and her clinical symptoms improved rapidly in response to steroid treatment. However, during the gradual tapering of the steroid dose, a steady increase of the serum hepatobiliary enzyme levels subsequently was observed and the patient began to have continuous fever. Moreover, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed multiple intractable gastric ulcers. When EBER-ISH was performed on liver biopsy and gastric mucosal biopsy specimens, EBER-positive lymphocytes were observed. When peripheral blood was examined, 2.1 × 10(6) copies/µg of EBV-DNA were observed in the CD4-positive T cells, confirming the diagnosis of CAEBV. A cooling therapy was started by steroid and cyclosporine. Thereafter, despite the start of CHOP therapy, she developed a malignant lymphoma (PTCL-NOS) and died of hepatic failure. When treatment-resistant AIH patients are encountered, not only AIH exacerbation but also CAEBV should be considered in the differential diagnosis. © The Author(s) 2014 Reprints and permissions: sagepub.co.uk/journalsPermissions.nav.

  12. Radicular cyst masquerading as a multilocular radiolucency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnamurthy, Vasavi; Haridas, Sheetal; Garud, Mandavi; Vahanwala, Sonal; Nayak, Chaitanya D; Pagare, Sandeep S

    2013-01-01

    Radicular cysts are the most common cystic lesions of the jaw. Most of these lesions involve the apex of the offending tooth and appear as well-defined periapical radiolucencies. This case presents an unusually large multilocular radicular cyst crossing the midline and involving almost the entire body of the mandible. The clinical and radiographic appearance mimicked an aggressive cyst or benign tumor. The lesion was surgically excised, and the teeth were endodontically treated without any postoperative complications.

  13. Mammary Analogue Secretory Carcinoma Mimicking Salivary Adenoma

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Lindsay; Chiosea, Simion I.

    2013-01-01

    Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described salivary gland tumor characterized by ETV6 translocation. It appears that prior studies have identified MASC by reviewing salivary gland carcinomas, such as acinic cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, not otherwise specified. To address the possibility of MASC mimicking benign salivary neoplasms we reviewed 12 salivary gland (cyst)adenomas diagnosed prior to the discovery of MASC. One encapsulated (cyst)adenoma of the parotid g...

  14. Hepatic splenosis mimicking HCC in a patient with hepatitis C liver cirrhosis and mildly raised alpha feto protein; the important role of explorative laparoscopy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Primrose JN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Splenosis is a heterotropic implantation of splenic fragments onto exposed vascularised peritoneal and intrathoracic surfaces, following splenic injury or elective splenectomy. Case presentation A 60 year old cirrhotic patient was referred to us with a hepatic mass, suspected to be HCC in a cirrhotic liver. A computerized tomography scan (CT demonstrated a cirrhotic liver with a 2 × 2.7 cm focal hypervascular nodule, lying peripherally at the junction of segment 7 and 8. Diagnostic laparoscopy demonstrated a 3 cm exofitic dark brown splenunculus attached to the diaphragm and indenting the surface of segment 7 of the liver. The lesion was easily resected laparoscopically and shaved from the live surface with no need for a liver resection. The histopathological assessment confirmed the diagnosis of splenunculus, with no evidence of neoplasia. Conclusion Hepatic splenosis is not a rare event and should be suspected in patients with a history of splenic trauma or splenectomy. Correct diagnosis is essential and will determine subsequent management plans. In doubtful cases laparoscopic investigation can offere essential information and should be part of the standard protocol for investigating suspected splenosis.

  15. Hepatic splenosis mimicking HCC in a patient with hepatitis C liver cirrhosis and mildly raised alpha feto protein; the important role of explorative laparoscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abu Hilal, M; Harb, A; Zeidan, B; Steadman, B; Primrose, J N; Pearce, N W

    2009-01-05

    Splenosis is a heterotropic implantation of splenic fragments onto exposed vascularised peritoneal and intrathoracic surfaces, following splenic injury or elective splenectomy. A 60 year old cirrhotic patient was referred to us with a hepatic mass, suspected to be HCC in a cirrhotic liver. A computerized tomography scan (CT) demonstrated a cirrhotic liver with a 2 x 2.7 cm focal hypervascular nodule, lying peripherally at the junction of segment 7 and 8. Diagnostic laparoscopy demonstrated a 3 cm exofitic dark brown splenunculus attached to the diaphragm and indenting the surface of segment 7 of the liver. The lesion was easily resected laparoscopically and shaved from the live surface with no need for a liver resection. The histopathological assessment confirmed the diagnosis of splenunculus, with no evidence of neoplasia. Hepatic splenosis is not a rare event and should be suspected in patients with a history of splenic trauma or splenectomy. Correct diagnosis is essential and will determine subsequent management plans. In doubtful cases laparoscopic investigation can offere essential information and should be part of the standard protocol for investigating suspected splenosis.

  16. Intrahepatic splenosis in a chronic hepatitis C patient with no history of splenic trauma mimicking hepatocellular carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Naoya; Abe, Tsuyoshi; Suzuki, Nobuyasu; Waragai, Mitsuru; Teranishi, Yasushi; Takano, Yoshinao; Sato, Atai; Azami, Ayaka; Gotoh, Mitsukazu

    2014-09-27

    Intrahepatic splenosis (IHS) is the autotransplantation of splenic tissue that mostly develops after abdominal injury and is often misdiagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) because of similarities in radiological features. We had an opportunity to treat an extremely rare case of intrahepatic splenosis, which were found in a patient without any history of splenic injury. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such case report in the world. A 58-year-old man with chronic hepatitis C was referred to our hospital for further examination of liver function abnormality. Abdominal ultrasonography incidentally revealed a low echoic tumor in the posterior segment of the liver, with high echoic capsule, which is possibly different from tumor capsule of HCC, known as halo. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography and gadoxetic acid-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed that the tumor had an inhomogeneous enhancement in the arterial phase and diminished enhancement in the equilibrium phase, diagnosed as HCC. The patient underwent right lateral segmentectomy of the liver, and histopathological study confirmed a diagnosis of intrahepatic splenosis. This case presents a new understanding of IHS in a patient without any splenic injury. We also focused on the differences in echo patterns of the tumor capsule between HCC and IHS, which can be used to efficiently diagnose IHS.

  17. Vaginal cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of tissue. It can be filled with air, fluid, pus, or other material. A vaginal cyst occurs on or under the vaginal lining. ... There are several types of vaginal cysts. Vaginal inclusion cysts ... may collect fluid and develop into a vaginal wall cyst later ...

  18. Hydatid Cyst of Ovary: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohsen Khosravi Maharlooei

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Echinococcus granulosus is considered the major cause of humanhydatid cysts. Usually the duration of cyst formation is 10-20 years. This period shortens significantly upon rupture of aprimary cyst. The literature describes low incidence of primaryinvolvement of ovary as a site of hydatid cyst formation. Ourcase is the first report on ovarian hydatid cyst in Iran. A 60-year-old woman was presented with abdominal pain in the leftlower quadrant area. Paraclinical data were suggestive of neoplasiaand preoperative diagnosis was ovarian tumor. Duringlaparotomy, multiple cysts resembling hydatid cysts were observedin the left ovary. Pathological examination confirmed thediagnosis of hydatid cyst. Although there is a small possibilityof secondary ovarian echinococcal disease, it is more probablefor this case to be primary infection, as the patient had developedovarian hydatid cysts 15 years after hepatic involvementand recurrence after 30 months is very uncommon.

  19. PELVIC HYDATID MIMICKING INGUINAL HERNIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashwani Kumar Dalal

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available PRESENTATION OF CASE The classical finding in hydatid disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus with liver or lung involvement is well known. However, diagnosing hydatid disease at unusual locations maybe challenging even in endemic areas causing diagnostic confusion as primary extrahepatic extrapulmonary hydatid cysts are rare and only a few sporadic cases have been reported. We present a case where a painless progressive cystic swelling was present in left inguinal region with positive cough impulse and irreducibility mimicking an inguinal hernia. CECT was done, which confirmed it to be multiple hydatid cysts. The patient underwent excision of the cysts with mesh repair and left inguinal orchiectomy as the cord structures couldn’t be separated from the cyst wall. Patient was discharged in satisfactory condition on oral antibiotics and albendazole. No recurrence noted on 6 months of follow up. So, a high suspicion for hydatid cyst should be kept in mind especially in endemic areas for any intra-abdominal swelling. The surgeon must keep in mind that this parasitosis can occur even in uncommon locations and therefore it should be regarded as a potentially systemic disease. In these cases, the diagnosis is challenging and can be achieved only through a complete interdisciplinary evaluation clinical, laboratory and radiological data.

  20. Hepatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... yourself against hepatitis A is by vaccination. Other ways to protect yourself include avoiding rimming and other anal and oral contact. While condom use is essential in preventing the spread of HIV, hepatitis B and other STDs, it does not ...

  1. Predictive factors of morbidity after surgical treatment of hepatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Predictors of morbidity in a univariate analysis included cysts larger than 9 cm, dome cysts, cysts with bilious contents, type II, III, IV or V on ultrasound classification, fissured cysts and intrabiliary rupture of hepatic hydatid cyst. The multivariate study consisted of independent predictors of disease at the site of the liver dome, ...

  2. Hidatidosis retroperitoneal secundaria a quiste hidatídico de localización hepática Retroperitoneal hydatidosis secondary to hepatic hydatid cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katherina A Vizcaychipi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available La hidatidosis es una enfermedad de distribución mundial, producida por un platelminto parásito del género Echinococcus. El caso que se presenta corresponde a una paciente con una tumoración fluctuante en el espacio retroperitoneal lumbar, secundaria a un quiste hepático. El diagnóstico inicial de certeza fue dado por el hallazgo de ganchos rostelares de protoescólices en el líquido aspirado de un absceso. Este trabajo describe el cuadro clínico, el diagnóstico y el tratamiento médico-quirúrgico de esta paciente. Se analiza cómo la elaboración de un diagnóstico certero requiere de un análisis adecuado de los antecedentes epidemiológicos, las manifestaciones clínicas, los estudios de imágenes y las pruebas de laboratorio, ya que el conjunto de estos datos confirman el caso.Hydatid disease in a worldwide zoonosis. It is caused by a parasitic platyhelminth of the genus Echinococcus. We present a patient with a fluctuating lumbar tumor in the retroperitoneal space, secondary to a hepatic cyst. The initial diagnosis was made by identification of rostellar hooks from protoscoleces in the fluid aspirated from the abscess. We herein describe the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and medical and surgical treatment of this unusual case and conclude that the development of an accurate diagnosis required a proper analysis of the patient's epidemiological history, clinical manifestations, imaging studies and laboratory tests. A multidisciplinary approach and differential diagnosis is paramount to be able to establish a cause of the disease to deliver appropriate treatment.

  3. Arachnoid Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or open the cyst so its fluid can drain into the cerebrospinal fluid and be absorbed. View Full Treatment Information Definition Arachnoid cysts are cerebrospinal fluid-filled sacs that are located between the brain or spinal cord and the arachnoid membrane, one ...

  4. Pilonidal Cyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 16, 2015. Pilonidal cyst Symptoms & causes Diagnosis & treatment Advertisement Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. ... a Job Site Map About This Site Twitter Facebook Google YouTube Pinterest Mayo Clinic is a not- ...

  5. Pancreatic Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pancreatic cysts Symptoms & causes Diagnosis & treatment Doctors & departments Advertisement Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. ... a Job Site Map About This Site Twitter Facebook Google YouTube Pinterest Mayo Clinic is a not- ...

  6. Ovarian Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... form from embryonic cells. They're rarely cancerous. Cystadenomas. These develop on the surface of an ovary ... ovary and form a growth. Dermoid cysts and cystadenomas can become large, causing the ovary to move ...

  7. Renal Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... cyst and burn or cut away its outer layer. Laparoscopic surgery requires general anesthesia . top of page ... are not responsible for the content contained on the web pages found at these links. About Us | Contact ...

  8. Mucous cyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... help prevent some mucoceles. Alternative Names Mucocele; Mucous retention cyst; Ranula Images Mouth sores References More CB, ... ADAM Health Solutions. About MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer Support Get email updates Subscribe to RSS Follow ...

  9. Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma mimicking salivary adenoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Lindsay; Chiosea, Simion I

    2013-12-01

    Mammary analogue secretory carcinoma (MASC) is a recently described salivary gland tumor characterized by ETV6 translocation. It appears that prior studies have identified MASC by reviewing salivary gland carcinomas, such as acinic cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma, not otherwise specified. To address the possibility of MASC mimicking benign salivary neoplasms we reviewed 12 salivary gland (cyst)adenomas diagnosed prior to the discovery of MASC. One encapsulated (cyst)adenoma of the parotid gland demonstrated features of MASC. The diagnosis was confirmed by fluorescence in situ hybridization with an ETV6 break-apart probe. An unusual complex pattern of ETV6 rearrangement with duplication of the telomeric/distal ETV6 probe was identified. This case illustrates that MASC may mimic salivary (cyst)adenomas. To more accurately assess true clinical and morphologic spectrum of MASC, future studies may have to include review of salivary (cyst)adenomas. The differential diagnosis of MASC may have to be expanded to include cases resembling salivary (cyst)adenomas.

  10. [Pancreatic cysts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varola, F; Beccaria, A; Oliaro, A; Sasso, D; Villata, E; Cirillo, R

    1975-02-15

    True and pseudo-cysts of the pancreas are described and their aetiology, pathology, laboratory tests, radiological examination, differential diagnosis, symptomatology and surgical management are illustrated. A series of 22 cases of pancreatic cyst is presented. Surgical management consisted of 14 cystogastrostomies, 3 cystoduodenostomies, 2 resections of the tail of the pancreas, 1 internal drainage between the fistular segment of the gland and the gastric cavity, and 2 external drainages with a Pezzer tube. It is felt that internal drainage is the operation of choice. Of the surgical techniques available, a preference is expressed for cystogastrostomy and cystoduodenostomy.

  11. Ovarian Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... whether it is fluid-filled, solid, or mixed) Pregnancy test to rule out pregnancy Hormone level tests to see if there are hormone-related problems ... to "false positives." A false positive is a test result that says a woman has ovarian cancer when she does ... cysts are common during pregnancy. Typically, these ...

  12. Isolated Retroperitoneal Hydatid Cyst Invading Splenic Hilum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safak Ozturk

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Hydatid disease (HD is an infestation that is caused by the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. The liver is affected in approximately two-thirds of patients, the lungs in 25%, and other organs in a small proportion. Primary retroperitoneal hydatid cyst is extremely rare. The most common complaint is abdominal pain; however, the clinical features of HD may be generally dependent on the location of the cyst. Case Presentation. A 43-year-old female was admitted with the complaint of abdominal pain. Her physical examination was normal. Computed tomography (CT revealed a 17 × 11 cm cystic lesion, with a thick and smooth wall that is located among the left liver lobe, diaphragm, spleen, tail of the pancreas, and transverse colon and invading the splenic hilum. Total cystectomy and splenectomy were performed. Pathological examination was reported as cyst hydatid. Discussion. Cysts in the peritoneal cavity are mainly the result of the spontaneous or traumatic rupture of concomitant hepatic cysts or surgical inoculation of a hepatic cyst. Serological tests contribute to diagnosis. In symptomatic and large hydatid peritoneal cysts, surgical resection is the only curative treatment. Total cystectomy is the gold standard. Albendazole or praziquantel is indicated for inoperable and disseminated cases. Percutaneous aspiration, injection, and reaspiration (PAIR technique is another nonsurgical option.

  13. Liver cysts associated with polycystic kidney disease: Role of Tc-99m hepatobiliary imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salam, M.; Keeffe, E.B. (Oregon Health Sciences Univ., Portland (USA))

    1989-11-01

    A 42-year-old woman with multiple hepatic cysts associated with autosomal polycystic kidney disease was evaluated for abdominal discomfort and new liver test abnormalities following blind aspirations of her liver cysts. Tc-99m mebrofenin hepatobiliary imaging revealed a markedly enlarged liver with multiple photon deficient areas, focal retention of isotope in the left hepatic ductal system, no accumulation of radionuclide in cysts, and an unusual medial gallbladder position. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiography confirmed all of these findings. Abdominal discomfort and liver biochemical abnormalities were attributed to cyst compression of nearby structures, including bile ducts. Hepatobiliary imaging is useful to exclude communication of bile ducts with hepatic cysts, to detect incidental abnormalities such as partial bile duct obstruction, and to distinguish the gallbladder from nearby hepatic cysts.

  14. Duplication Cyst of the Sigmoid Colon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bastian Domajnko

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A 21-year-old male with developmental delay presented with abdominal pain of two days' duration. He was afebrile and his abdomen was soft with mild diffuse tenderness. There were no peritoneal signs. Plain x-ray demonstrated a large air-filled structure in the right upper quadrant. Computed tomography of the abdomen revealed a 9×8 cm structure adjacent to the hepatic flexure containing an air-fluid level. It did not contain oral contrast and had no apparent communication with the colon. At operation, the cystic lesion was identified as a duplication cyst of the sigmoid colon that was adherent to the right upper quadrant. The cyst was excised with a segment of the sigmoid colon and a stapled colo-colostomy was performed. Recovery was uneventful. Final pathology was consistent with a duplication cyst of the sigmoid colon. The cyst was attached to the colon but did not communicate with the lumen.

  15. Evaluation of hepatic cystic lesions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lantinga, M.A.; Gevers, T.J.G.; Drenth, J.P.H.

    2013-01-01

    Hepatic cysts are increasingly found as a mere coincidence on abdominal imaging techniques, such as ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These cysts often present a diagnostic challenge. Therefore, we performed a review of the recent literature and

  16. Odontogenic Cysts and Neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilodeau, Elizabeth Ann; Collins, Bobby M

    2017-03-01

    This article reviews a myriad of common and uncommon odontogenic cysts and tumors. The clinical presentation, gross and microscopic features, differential diagnosis, prognosis, and diagnostic pitfalls are addressed for inflammatory cysts (periapical cyst, mandibular infected buccal cyst/paradental cyst), developmental cysts (dentigerous, lateral periodontal, glandular odontogenic, orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst), benign tumors (keratocystic odontogenic tumor, ameloblastoma, adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor, ameloblastic fibroma and fibroodontoma, odontoma, squamous odontogenic tumor, calcifying cystic odontogenic tumor, primordial odontogenic tumor, central odontogenic fibroma, and odontogenic myxomas), and malignant tumors (clear cell odontogenic carcinoma, ameloblastic carcinoma, ameloblastic fibrosarcoma). Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Dentigerous cysts of inflammatory origin. A clinicopathologic study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benn, A; Altini, M

    1996-02-01

    The exact histogenesis of dentigerous cysts remains unknown, but most authors favor a developmental origin from the tooth follicle. The aim of this article is to report a series of 15 dentigerous cysts that we believe to be of inflammatory origin. These inflammatory dentigerous cysts occurred in the first and early part of the second decades of life. Males were affected more frequently, and there did not appear to be any racial predilection. All of the cases involved permanent teeth: premolars in nine cases, canines in four cases, and second molars in two cases. The mandible was affected twice as frequently as the maxilla. In 13 cases, nonvital grossly carious or heavily restored deciduous teeth were associated with the cysts. Some of these teeth had been extracted before the cysts were diagnosed. In the remaining two cases, both of which involved the second permanent molars, there were no nonvital deciduous teeth, however both had concomitant proliferative periostitis. All of the cysts were moderately or intensely inflamed and were lined predominantly or entirely by nonkeratinized stratified squamous epithelium that in some cases was markedly hyperplastic and exhibited anastomosing rete ridges mimicking radicular cysts. In the majority of cases, parts of the cysts were lined with a 2 to 3 cell layer thick cuboidal epithelium that we believe was derived from reduced enamel epithelium. Rests of odontogenic epithelium frequently were evident in the cyst walls. We suggest that these cysts arose as a result of periapical inflammation from any source but usually from a nonvital deciduous tooth and spreading to involve the follicles of the unerupted permanent successors. The inflammatory exudate causes separation of the reduced enamel epithelium from the enamel with resultant cyst formation. This study proposes the existence of two types of dentigerous cysts: one developmental and the other inflammatory in nature.

  18. Hepatic Actinomycosis Presenting as a Liver Tumour: Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex T. Lai

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Hepatic actinomycosis poses a difficult problem in both diagnosis and management. We report the management of a patient with isolated hepatic actinomycosis, and review the clinical features and management of patients with hepatic actinomycosis mimicking liver tumour.

  19. A Retrospective Surgical Experience Regarding Open and Laparoscopic Procedures of the Hepatic Hydatid Cyst with an up to Date Complete Review of the Literature And a Focus On Original Romanian Techniques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Moldovan

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Even though the development of the recent anti-parasitic drugs has led to a high degree of efficiency, surgical treatment still remains the gold standard for a number of conditions. Material and method. The authors discuss a series of 90 cases in a multicenter and retrospective analysis that stretches over 20 years. Results and discussions. These cases have been diagnosed and treated – through different surgical methods, both classical and laparoscopic – for hepatic hydatid cysts. The paper also presents a short review of the major types of surgical procedures cited in the international literature, with a specific focus on the advantages brought by Romanian innovations in this field. Conclusions. Even though the classical open approach still assumes the first place among surgical procedures, modern laparoscopic techniques have earned a much appreciated place in providing positive results based on long-term assessment, with virtually no or only minor complications. In this regard the Romanian school of surgery has offered a significant contribution to this field.

  20. Traumatic bone cyst, idiopathic origin

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    BACKGROUND: Traumatic bone cyst (TBC) is an uncommon non-epithelial lined cavity of the jaws. Traumatic bone cysts have been reported in the literature under a variety of names: solitary bone cyst, haemorrhagic bone cyst, extravasation cyst and simple bone cyst. The multitude of names applied to this lesion implies ...

  1. Beware the Tarlov cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hirst, Jane E; Torode, Hugh; Sears, William; Cousins, Michael J

    2009-01-01

    Tarlov cysts are sacral perineural cysts. This case report describes the clinical course after biopsy of a very large Tarlov cyst via laparoscopy, which was thought preoperatively to be an adnexal mass. It serves as a warning against attempting biopsy or resection of these lesions.

  2. Adenomatoid odontogenic tumour mimicking a periapical cyst in pregnant woman

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kothari, Mohit; Bhandari, Neha

    2010-01-01

    Adenomatoid odontogenic tumours (AOT) are uncommon odontogenic lesions characterized histologi-cally by duct-like structures derived from the epithelial component of the lesion and can be distinctly classified into follicular, extrafollicular and extraosseous variants (Neville BW, Damm DD, Allen ...

  3. External tube drainage or omentoplasty in the management of residual hepatic hydatid cyst cavity: a prospective randomized controlled study [Externe Schlauchdrainage oder Omentumplastik bei der Behandlung von Echinococcus-Zysten (Finnenblasen: eine prospektive randomisierte Studie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas, M.

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: Surgical procedures advocated for management of residual hepatic hydatid cyst cavity have been a subject of controversy. The aim of this study was to compare omentoplasty (OP and external tube drainage (ETD.Material and methods: This was a prospective randomized controlled study conducted on radiologically documented cases of hepatic hydatidosis (n=50 in a tertiary care hospital of Kashmir. Patients were divided into two groups; in one group ETD was performed and in another OP was done.Results: Twenty-eight patients were offered ETD and 22 OP. There was no statistically significant difference in mean operative time. The overall complication rate was higher in ETD (42.86% as compared to OP (22.73%. In ETD group two patients had bile leak and infection of residual cavity each; whereas no such complication was seen in OP. The mean pain scores were elevated in ETD (p[german] Einleitung: Die chirurgischen Verfahren zur Behandlung von vorhandenen Echinococcus-Zysten in der Leber werden kontrovers beurteilt. Das Ziel dieser Studie war es, die Omentumplastik (OP mit dem externen Schlauch-Drainageverfahren (ETD zu vergleichen.Material und Methoden: Eine prospektive randomisierte, kontrollierte Studie an radiologisch nachgewiesenen Fällen von Leberechinococcose (n=50 wurde in einem Krankenhaus der Maximalversorgung von Kashmir durchgeführt. Die Patienten wurden in zwei Gruppen eingeteilt: Bei der einen Gruppe wurde die externe Schlauchdrainage (ETD durchgeführt, die andere Gruppe wurde operativ mit Omentumplastik (OP behandelt.Ergebnisse: 28 Patienten erhielten das ETD-Verfahren und 22 wurden operativ mit Omentumplastik (OP behandelt. Die gesamte Komplikationsrate war bei ETD höher (42,86 %, verglichen mit dem OP-Verfahren (22,73 %. In den ETD-Gruppen entstanden bei zwei Patienten Gallenfisteln und Infektionen der Zysten, während in der Kontrollgruppe keine Komplikationen beobachtet wurden. Bei der ETD-Gruppe waren die

  4. Unusual Clinicoradiographic Presentation of a Lateral Periodontal Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. T. Kumuda Arvind Rao

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The lateral periodontal cyst is an uncommon, but well-recognized type of developmental odontogenic cyst. Lateral periodontal cysts are defined as non-keratinized and non-inflammatory developmental cysts located adjacent or lateral to the root of a vital tooth. It is a relatively uncommon lesion found mostly in adults (5th to 7th decades and it is rare in young people under 30 years of age. A common site of occurrence is the mandibular premolar region. It does not have a predilection for any race or sex. Histopathologically, the lateral periodontal cyst lining is characterized by a thin cuboidal to stratified squamous non-keratinizing epithelium, ranging from one to five cell layers and presence of one or more epithelial thickenings or plaques.The purpose of this article is to report a case of interradicular radiolucent cystic lesion in a thirteen-year-old girl, located in a rare site of the maxillary premolar area, mimicking clinical and radiographical features of a residual cyst, but histopathologically proven to be a lateral periodontal cyst.

  5. Respiratory Epithelium Lined Cyst of the Maxilla: Differential Diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. P. Martinelli-Kläy

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Maxillary cysts, including the cysts lined by respiratory epithelium, can present a diagnostic challenge. We report an unusual case of a maxillary cyst on an endodontically treated tooth #16, in which the cavity was totally lined by a respiratory epithelium. The patient, a 35-year-old male, presented with a generalized chronic periodontitis and complained of a pain in the tooth #16 region. A periodontal pocket extending to the root apices with pus coming out from the gingival was found. A combined endodontic periodontal was observed on a panoramic radiography. CBCT-scan revealed a well-circumscribed radiolucent lesion at the apices of the distobuccal root of the 16. A communication with the right maxillary sinus cavity and a maxillary and ethmoidal sinusitis were also observed. The lesion was removed and histological examination revealed a cyst lined exclusively by respiratory epithelium. Ciliated and rare mucous cells were also observed. The diagnosis could evoke a surgical ciliated cyst mimicking the radicular cyst but the patient has no previous history of trauma or surgery in the maxillofacial region. It could also be an unusual radicular cyst in which the stratified squamous epithelium was destroyed by inflammation and replaced by a respiratory epithelium of the maxillary sinus.

  6. Respiratory Epithelium Lined Cyst of the Maxilla: Differential Diagnosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatelain, S.; Salvado, F.

    2017-01-01

    Maxillary cysts, including the cysts lined by respiratory epithelium, can present a diagnostic challenge. We report an unusual case of a maxillary cyst on an endodontically treated tooth #16, in which the cavity was totally lined by a respiratory epithelium. The patient, a 35-year-old male, presented with a generalized chronic periodontitis and complained of a pain in the tooth #16 region. A periodontal pocket extending to the root apices with pus coming out from the gingival was found. A combined endodontic periodontal was observed on a panoramic radiography. CBCT-scan revealed a well-circumscribed radiolucent lesion at the apices of the distobuccal root of the 16. A communication with the right maxillary sinus cavity and a maxillary and ethmoidal sinusitis were also observed. The lesion was removed and histological examination revealed a cyst lined exclusively by respiratory epithelium. Ciliated and rare mucous cells were also observed. The diagnosis could evoke a surgical ciliated cyst mimicking the radicular cyst but the patient has no previous history of trauma or surgery in the maxillofacial region. It could also be an unusual radicular cyst in which the stratified squamous epithelium was destroyed by inflammation and replaced by a respiratory epithelium of the maxillary sinus. PMID:29093979

  7. Nasopalatine Duct Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pratik Dedhia

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The nasopalatine cyst is the most common epithelial and nonodontogenic cyst of the maxilla. The cyst originates from epithelial remnants from the nasopalatine duct. The cells may be activated spontaneously during life or are eventually stimulated by the irritating action of various agents (infection, etc.. It is different from a radicular cyst. The definite diagnosis should be based on clinical, radiological, and histopathological findings. The treatment is enucleation of the cystic tissue, and only in rare cases a marsupialisation needs to be performed. A case of a nasopalatine duct cyst in a 35-year-old male is reviewed. The typical radiologic and histological findings are presented.

  8. Giant hydronephrosis mimicking progressive malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidenreich Axel

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Cases of giant hydronephroses are rare and usually contain no more than 1–2 litres of fluid in the collecting system. We report a remarkable case of giant hydronephrosis mimicking a progressive malignant abdominal tumour. Case presentation A 78-year-old cachectic woman presented with an enormous abdominal tumour, which, according to the patient, had slowly increased in diameter. Medical history was unremarkable except for a hysterectomy >30 years before. A CT scan revealed a giant cystic tumour filling almost the entire abdominal cavity. It was analysed by two independent radiologists who suspected a tumour originating from the right kidney and additionally a cystic ovarian neoplasm. Subsequently, a diagnostic and therapeutic laparotomy was performed: the tumour presented as a cystic, 35 × 30 × 25 cm expansive structure adhesive to adjacent organs without definite signs of invasive growth. The right renal hilar vessels could finally be identified at its basis. After extirpation another tumourous structure emerged in the pelvis originating from the genital organs and was also resected. The histopathological examination revealed a >15 kg hydronephrotic right kidney, lacking hardly any residual renal cortex parenchyma. The second specimen was identified as an ovary with regressive changes and a large partially calcified cyst. There was no evidence of malignant growth. Conclusion Although both clinical symptoms and the enormous size of the tumour indicated malignant growth, it turned out to be a giant hydronephrosis. Presumably, a chronic obstruction of the distal ureter had caused this extraordinary hydronephrosis. As demonstrated in our case, an accurate diagnosis of giant hydronephrosis remains challenging due to the atrophy of the renal parenchyma associated with chronic obstruction. Therefore, any abdominal cystic mass even in the absence of other evident pathologies should include the differential diagnosis of a

  9. [Rare location of arachnoid cysts. Extratemporal cysts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Perez, Rafael; Hinojosa, José; Pascual, Beatriz; Panaderos, Teresa; Welter, Diego; Muñoz, María J

    2016-01-01

    The therapeutic management of arachnoid cysts depends largely on its location. Almost 50% of arachnoid cysts are located in the temporal fossa-Sylvian fissure, whereas the other half is distributed in different locations, sometimes exceptional. Under the name of infrequent location arachnoid cysts, a description is presented of those composed of 2 sheets of arachnoid membrane, which are not located in the temporal fossa, and are primary or congenital. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  10. Single Stage Transthoracic Approach to the Right Lung and Liver Dome Hydatid Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasih Yazkan

    2011-09-01

    lung, the hepatic lesions were all of the dome located. Conclusions :Single stage transthoracic approach is prevent the second surgical procedures on simultaneous right lung and liver dome hydatid cyst and it is safe and effective method.

  11. Glandular Odontogenic Cyst: The Value of Intraepithelial Hemosiderin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    AbdullGaffar, Badr; Koilelat, Mohamed

    2017-05-01

    Glandular odontogenic cyst (GOC) is a relatively rare but well-described clinicopathologic entity. Its rarity and unpredictable clinical behavior are challenging to managing clinicians. Its variable and overlapping histomorphologic features are also diagnostically challenging for pathologists. Other odontogenic cysts and oral cystic neoplasms can simulate GOC. There are specific histologic criteria that help distinguish GOC from other mimickers. To our knowledge, the phenomenon of hemosiderin pigments deposition within the lining glandular epithelium of GOC has not been covered in detail or specifically reported so far in the literature. We report a case of nontraumatized anterior mandibular GOC in a middle-aged male, which histologically showed hemosiderin pigments within the lining epithelium without stromal siderophages. This finding might reflect a nonspecific spontaneous intraluminal hemorrhage. However, intraepithelial hemosiderin in GOC may be an additional helpful diagnostic clue of GOC in challenging cases since this phenomenon has not been reported in other mimicker cystic lesions.

  12. SEBACEOUS CYSTS MINOR SURGERY

    OpenAIRE

    I Gusti Ayu Agung Laksemi; Sri Maliawan; Ketut Siki Kawiyana

    2013-01-01

    Minor surgery is small surgery or localized example cut ulcers and boils, cyst excision, and suturing. Somethings that need to be considered in the preparation of the surgery is minor tools, operating rooms and operating tables, lighting, maintenance of tools and equipment, sterilization and desinfection equipment, preparation of patients and anesthesia. In general cysts is walled chamber that consist of fluid, cells and the remaining cells. Cysts are formed not due to inflammation although ...

  13. Subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vivek Manchanda

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bronchogenic cysts occur due to the anomalous development of the primitive tracheobronchial tree early in fetal life. They are usually present in middle mediastinum. Rarely, they have been found in other locations. We describe two patients with subcutaneous bronchogenic cysts located over manubrium sterni with special emphasis on the difficulties in pre-operative diagnosis. The two boys were managed by complete excision of the cysts. The children are well on follow-up.

  14. Parosteal aneurysmal bone cyst ?

    OpenAIRE

    Meohas, Walter; de Sá Lopes, Ana Cristina; da Silveira Möller, João Victor; Barbosa, Luma Duarte; Oliveira, Marcelo Bragança dos Reis

    2015-01-01

    The incidence of aneurysmal bone cysts is 0.14 cases per 100,000 individuals. Parosteal aneurysmal bone cysts are the least prevalent subtype and represent 7% of all aneurysmal bone cysts. We present the case of a 38-year-old male patient with pain and bulging in his right arm for eight months. He had previously been diagnosed as presenting giant-cell tumor, but his slides were reviewed and his condition was then diagnosed as parosteal aneurysmal bone cyst. The patient was treated with cortic...

  15. Giant ovarian cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Santos

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available We read the exceedingly rare case study recently described by Hota et al. about giant ovarian cyst in term pregnancy1. The patient was a 25-year-old woman undergoing therapy for hypothyroidism, with history of three previous deliveries (P1L1A1. USG of abdomen and pelvis was normal with respect to gestational age in the second trimester, and ovarian cyst was not seen. However, the USG of control done on the third trimester revealed a left ovarian cyst (21x18 cm, with normal obstetric features. The weight of removed cyst of 29x20 cm was 4.9 kg, and the histopathology diagnosis was ovarian mucinous cystadenoma1. The authors emphasized the rarity of concomitat pregnancy and ovarian cyst, and 15% of these mucinous cysts are malignant1. Huge ovarian cysts are more often benign, and less frequently they are diagnosed in association with normal pregnancies1. Major concerns in this setting should be the early diagnosis, close follow-up of the cyst growing, and appropriate intervention1. Interestingly, in the case herein commented the ovarian cyst was not detected by USG in the first two trimesters of pregnancy. 

  16. Strangulated Femoral Hernia Turned to Be Peritoneal Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dionysios Dellaportas

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. A peritoneal inclusion cyst is a very rare mesenteric cyst of mesothelial origin usually asymptomatic. A rare case of an 82-year-old white Caucasian female with a femoral hernia containing a large peritoneal inclusion cyst, mimicking strangulated hernia, is presented herein. Case Presentation. The patient was admitted to our hospital suffering from a palpable groin mass on the right, which became painful and caused great discomfort for the last hours. Physical examination revealed a tender and tense, irreducible groin mass. An inguinal operative approach was selected and the mass was found protruding through the femoral ring. After careful dissection it turned out to be a large unilocular cyst, containing serous fluid, probably originating from the peritoneum. McVay procedure was used to reapproximate the femoral ring. Histologic examination showed a peritoneal inclusion cyst. Discussion. Peritoneal inclusion cysts are usually asymptomatic but occasionally present with various, nonspecific symptoms according to their size. Our case highlights that high index of clinical suspicion and careful exploration during repair of a hernia is mandatory in order to reach the correct diagnosis about hernia’s contents.

  17. Aneurysmal bone cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rangachari P

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Back ground: Aneurysmal bone cysts have raised intra-cystic pressures which are dynamic and diagnostic in nature. Aneurysmal bone cysts could be diagnosed from other benign cystic lesions of bone by recording their intra-cystic pressures with a spinal manometer. Raised intra-cystic pressures in aneurysmal bone cysts are maintained as long as the periosteum over the cyst is intact even in those with pathological fractures. Even though its pathology is definite its aetio-pathology is not clear Method: Fourteen out of 16 radiologically benign cystic lesions of bone were subjected to intra-cystic pressure recordings with spinal manometer. Other two cysts had displaced unimpacted pathological fractures and so their intra-cystic pressures could not be recorded. All 16 cysts were subjected to histo-pathological examination to confirm their diagnosis and to find out for any pre-existing benign pathology. All the cysts were surgically treated. Results: Fourteen benign cystic lesions of bone were diagnosed as aneurysmal bone cysts preoperatively by recording raised intra-cystic pressures and confirmed by histo-pathology. In addition, histo-pathology revealed pre-existing benign pathology. All cysts were successfully treated surgically. Conclusions: Since, there is appreciable rise in intra-cystic dynamic pressures, the aneurysmal bone cyst is considered to be due to either sudden venous obstruction or arterio-venous shunt. Pre-operative intra-cystic pressure recordings help not only to diagnose aneurysmal bone cysts but also to assess the quantum of blood loss and its replacement during surgery.

  18. A pulmonary paragonimiasis case mimicking metastatic pulmonary tumor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ki Uk; Lee, Kwangha; Park, Hye-Kyung; Jeong, Yeon Joo; Yu, Hak Sun; Lee, Min Ki

    2011-03-01

    Pulmonary paragonimiasis is a relatively rare cause of lung disease revealing a wide variety of radiologic findings, such as air-space consolidation, nodules, and cysts. We describe here a case of pulmonary paragonimiasis in a 27-year-old woman who presented with a 2-month history of cough and sputum. Based on chest computed tomography (CT) scans and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) findings, the patient was suspected to have a metastatic lung tumor. However, she was diagnosed as having Paragonimus westermani infection by an immunoserological examination using ELISA. Follow-up chest X-ray and CT scans after chemotherapy with praziquantel showed an obvious improvement. There have been several reported cases of pulmonary paragonimiasis mimicking lung tumors on FDG-PET. However, all of them were suspected as primary lung tumors. To our knowledge, this patient represents the first case of paragonimiasis mimicking metastatic lung disease on FDG-PET CT imaging.

  19. Pseudotumoral ganglion cyst of a finger with unexpected remote origin: multimodality imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouilleau, Loic; Malghem, Jacques; Omoumi, Patrick; Simoni, Paolo; Vande Berg, Bruno C.; Lecouvet, Frederic E. [Universite Catholique de Louvain, Department of Radiology, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels (Belgium); Barbier, Olivier [Universite Catholique de Louvain, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels (Belgium)

    2010-04-15

    The case of a ganglion cyst in the pulp of a fifth finger in an elderly woman initially mimicking a soft tissue tumor is described. Most typical sites of ganglion cysts are well documented at the wrist and in the vicinity of inter-phalangeal and metacarpo-phalangeal joints. In this case, ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a cystic lesion within the pulp of the fifth finger and indicated carpal osteoarthritis as the distant - and unexpected - origin of the lesion. The suggested diagnosis of ganglion cyst was confirmed by computed tomography arthrography (CT arthrography) of the wrist, which showed opacification of the cyst on delayed acquisitions after intra-articular injection into the mid-carpal joint, through the fifth flexor digitorum tendon sheath. The communications between the degenerative carpal joint, the radio-ulnar bursa, the fifth flexor digitorum tendon sheath and the pedicle of the cyst were well demonstrated. (orig.)

  20. Management of ovarian cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Ulla Breth; Tabor, Ann; Mosgaard, Berit Jul

    2004-01-01

    . The diagnosis and the treatment are assessed in relation to age, menopausal status, pregnancy, and whether the cyst is presumed to be benign or malignant. In general, expectant management is the choice in premenopausal and pregnant women with non-suspicious cysts and normal levels of CA-125. In postmenopausal...

  1. (unicameral) bone cysts

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the fact that this is a hollow/fluid-filled unicameral lesion, a 'fallen fragment/leaf' may be visualised (Fig. 2). The 'fallen leaf' sign is virtu- ally pathognomonic of a multiloculated bone cyst.5 This distinguishes it from other low-density lesions such as an aneurysmal bone cyst, which is more septated or contains a more solid ...

  2. Lumbar synovial cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavrogenis, Andreas F; Papagelopoulos, Panayiotis J; Sapkas, George S; Korres, Demetrios S; Pneumaticos, Spyridon G

    2012-01-01

    Synovial spinal cysts are typically found in the lumbar spine, most often at the L4-L5 level. Magnetic resonance imaging is the diagnostic imaging of choice in the workup of suspected synovial cysts. This study consisted of 24 patients with lumbar synovial cysts treated by cyst excision and nerve root decompression through partial or complete facetectomy and primary posterolateral fusion. The most common location of the cysts was the L4-L5 segment. Synovial tissue was found in histological sections of 18 cysts. At a mean follow-up of 12 (range, 8 to 24) months, 20 patients (83%) had excellent or good results; two patients (8.3%) had fair and two patients (8.3%) had poor improvement. Operative complications included dural tear in two patients and postoperative wound dehiscence in one patient, which were treated accordingly. To eliminate the risk of recurrence synovial cyst excision through partial or complete facetectomy is required. In addition, since synovial cysts reflect disruption of the facet joint and some degree of instability, primary spinal fusion is recommended.

  3. Epidermoid cyst post dermofasciectomy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Henry, Francis P

    2010-01-01

    We report the finding of an unusual presentation of an epidermoid cyst 3 years following dermofasciectomy for Dupuytren\\'s disease. Epidermoid cysts remain a rare entity in the palmoplanter distribution but also a very unusual finding within the confines of a full thickness skin graft.

  4. Simultaneous Hydatid Cysts of Both the Right Atrium and Right Ventricle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caner Arslan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease in both chambers of the heart is very rare. Mobile right atrial and right ventricular hydatid cysts were diagnosed incidentally in the etiologic work up for a transient ischemic attack in a 77-year-old man with a history of a hepatic hydatid cyst operation. Transthoracic echocardiography was very successful in the diagnosis of both hydatid cysts. Transesophagial echocardiography and computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis. Both right atrial and right ventricular hydatid cysts were removed under cardiopulmonary bypass to prevent morbidities and potentially fatal complications.

  5. Multiple intratesticular cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Sung Min; Hwang, Dae Sung; Lee, Jung Woo; Chon, Won Hee; Park, Nam Cheol; Park, Hyun Jun

    2013-04-01

    Intratesticular cysts, once thought to be a rarity, are now being reported with an increasing prevalence as a result of the wider use of scrotal ultrasound scanning. Despite greater understanding of intratesticular cysts, their management remains unclear. Treatment has included enucleation and even radical orchiectomy over fear of the possibility of an associated malignancy. A more conservative approach with serial ultrasound scanning has been advocated if a clear distinction can be made between neoplastic and non-neoplastic testicular cysts. However, in view of the benign nature of such cysts, even repeated ultrasound scanning may not be necessary and may be considered over-treatment. In this study we present clinical and morphological characteristics of multiple cysts in the right testicle in a 62-year-old patient, where a slightly nodular lesion in the right testicle was detected.

  6. Treatment of ganglion cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suen, Matthew; Fung, B; Lung, C P

    2013-01-01

    Ganglion cysts are soft tissue swellings occurring most commonly in the hand or wrist. Apart from swelling, most cysts are asymptomatic. Other symptoms include pain, weakness, or paraesthesia. The two main concerns patients have are the cosmetic appearance of the cysts and the fear of future malignant growth. It has been shown that 58% of cysts will resolve spontaneously over time. Treatment can be either conservative or through surgical excision. This review concluded that nonsurgical treatment is largely ineffective in treating ganglion cysts. However, it advised to patients who do not surgical treatment but would like symptomatic relief. Compared to surgery, which has a lower recurrence rate but have a higher complication rate with longer recovery period. It has been shown that surgical interventions do not provide better symptomatic relief compared to conservative treatment. If symptomatic relief is the patient's primary concern, a conservative approach is preferred, whilst surgical intervention will decrease the likelihood of recurrence.

  7. Chodroblastoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst in the sphenoid sinus: A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, Sung Hwan; Yu, In Kyu; Kim, Seong Min; Kim, Ju Heon; Lee, Seung Yeon [Eulji University Hospital, Eulji University School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-01-15

    Chondroblastomas are rare benign cartilaginous neoplasms found in young patients. These tumors typically arise in the epiphysis or apophysis of a long bone. Chondroblastomas arising in the skull and facial bones are extremely rare. We describe a rare case of a patient presenting with chondroblastoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cyst in the sphenoid sinus that mimicked invasive sinusitis or malignant bone tumor.

  8. Urticaria mimickers in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathur, Anubhav N; Mathes, Erin F

    2013-01-01

    Acute urticaria is a self-limited cutaneous condition marked by transient, erythematous, and pruritic wheals. It is a hypersensitivity response that is often secondary to infection, medications, or food allergies in children. In contrast, the urticarial "mimickers" described in this review article are often seen in the context of fever and extracutaneous manifestations in pediatric patients. The differential diagnosis ranges from benign and self-limited hypersensitivity responses to multisystem inflammatory diseases. Establishing the correct diagnosis of an urticarial rash in a pediatric patient is necessary to both prevent an unnecessary work up for self-limited conditions and to appropriately recognize and evaluate multisystem inflammatory disorders. Herein, we describe two cases to illustrate the clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, histopathology and differential diagnoses for several mimickers of acute urticaria including: urticaria multiforme, serum sickness like reaction, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, acute hemorrhagic edema of infancy, systemic onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis, cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes, and urticarial vasculitis. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  9. Intrahepatic splenosis mimicking hepatoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Haihua; Xia, Lijian; Li, Tao; Ju, Minjie; Liu, Liang; Wu, Zhiquan; Tang, Zhaoyou

    2009-01-01

    A 54-year-old man with a past history of splenectomy some 20 years previously presented with a hepatic mass. Subsequent histopathology revealed that the mass was due to intrahepatic splenosis. The presentation of this case is discussed together with a literature review of splenosis. PMID:21691391

  10. Tarlov cyst and infertility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Singh, Vinay Kumar; Azam, Amir; Gupta, Sanjeev

    2009-01-01

    Tarlov cysts or spinal perineurial cysts are uncommon lesions. These are mostly incidental findings on magnetic resonance imaging or myelograms. The objectives of this study were to describe Tarlov cysts of the sacral region as a potential cause for retrograde ejaculations and review available management options. Case report and literature review. A 28-year-old man presented with back pain and retrograde ejaculations resulting in infertility. After microsurgical excision of large perineurial cysts, back pain resolved, but semen quality showed only marginal improvement. Later, the couple successfully conceived by intrauterine insemination. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of Tarlov cyst associated with retrograde ejaculation and infertility. Despite being mostly asymptomatic and an incidental finding, Tarlov cyst is an important clinical entity because of its tendency to increase in size with time. Tarlov cysts of the sacral and cauda equina region may be a rare underlying cause in otherwise unexplained retrograde ejaculations and infertility. Microsurgical excision may be a good option in a select group of patients.

  11. Imaging Findings of Hepatic Paragonimiasis: A Case Report

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Eun-A; Juhng, Seon-Kwan; Kim, Hye Won; Kim, Gang Deuk; Lee, Young Whan; Cho, Hyang Jung; Won, Jong Jin

    2004-01-01

    Hepatic paragonimiasis is a rare form of ectopic infestation caused by Paragonimus. We experienced a case of hepatic paragonimiasis that showed characteristic imaging findings. CT and MR images showed a cluster of small cysts with rim enhancement in the subcapsular area of the liver. This finding seems to be characteristic for hepatic paragonimiasis, considering imaging findings in paragonimiasis involving other organs.

  12. Imaging Findings of Hepatic Paragonimiasis: A Case Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Eun-A; Kim, Hye Won; Kim, Gang Deuk; Lee, Young Whan; Cho, Hyang Jung; Won, Jong Jin

    2004-01-01

    Hepatic paragonimiasis is a rare form of ectopic infestation caused by Paragonimus. We experienced a case of hepatic paragonimiasis that showed characteristic imaging findings. CT and MR images showed a cluster of small cysts with rim enhancement in the subcapsular area of the liver. This finding seems to be characteristic for hepatic paragonimiasis, considering imaging findings in paragonimiasis involving other organs. PMID:15483359

  13. Branchial cleft cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vaishali Nahata

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Branchial cleft cyst, sinuses, and fistulae are among the most commonly encountered congenital anomalies in pediatric otolaryngic practice. They can present difficulty in diagnosis and surgical management. Here, I report a case of 14-year-old boy who presented with asymptomatic, congenital swelling located just below the jawline in the lateral part of the neck. The lesion was excised surgically. Histopathology showed the cyst lined by squamous as well as columnar ciliated epithelium, which was a characteristic finding of branchial cleft cyst. The aim of presenting this case is its rarity.

  14. Juxtaepiphyseal aneurysmal bone cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Capanna, R.; Biagini, R.; Ruggieri, P.; Giunti, A.; Springfield, D.S.

    1985-01-01

    Nine cases of aneurysmal bone cyst arising in juxtaepiphyseal locations with gross invasion of the adjacent growth plate are reported. In five of these patients in abnormality of growth, due to premature fusion of the affected growth plate, ultimately developed. Treatment of these lesions should attempt to avoid this complication, which appears to be more common than has been appreciated in the past. These nine cases represent 23% of 39 cases of aneurysmal bone cyst occurring in a long bone adjacent to an open epiphyseal plate. This series was extrapolated from a total of 198 cases of aneurysmal bone cyst in the files of the Istituto Ortopedico Rizzoli, Bologna, Italy.

  15. [Cysts of the liver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingso, J.G.; Kirkegaard, P.

    2008-01-01

    guided drainage to resections and liver transplantation are discussed. It is concluded that up to 25% of cysts must be treated surgically, because recurrence after percutaneous or laparoscopic treatment is between 5% and 71%, and only resection or liver transplantation are curative Udgivelsesdato: 2008/4/14......Cysts of the liver are discovered in connection with a scope of diseases ranging from simple, infectious, or parasitic to neoplastic cysts. Symptoms, paraclinical, radiological and diagnostic characteristics are described with emphasis on ruling out malignancy. The treatment options from ultrasound...

  16. Extradural Spinal Arachnoid Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Gordon Millichap

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available A 14-year-old boy with multiple spinal arachnoid cysts and paraplegia, and 37 similar cases in the literature are reviewed by neurosurgeons and radiologist at Univ of Sao Paulo, Brazil.

  17. Gingival Cyst of Newborn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moda, Aman

    2011-01-01

    Gingival cyst of newborn is an oral mucosal lesion of transient nature. Although it is very common lesion within 3 to 6 weeks of birth, it is very rare to visualize the lesion thereafter. Presented here is a case report of gingival cyst, which was visible just after 15 days of birth. Clinical diagnoses of these conditions are important in order to avoid unnecessary therapeutic procedure and provide suitable information to parents about the nature of the lesion.

  18. Pancreas and cyst segmentation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dmitriev, Konstantin; Gutenko, Ievgeniia; Nadeem, Saad; Kaufman, Arie

    2016-03-01

    Accurate segmentation of abdominal organs from medical images is an essential part of surgical planning and computer-aided disease diagnosis. Many existing algorithms are specialized for the segmentation of healthy organs. Cystic pancreas segmentation is especially challenging due to its low contrast boundaries, variability in shape, location and the stage of the pancreatic cancer. We present a semi-automatic segmentation algorithm for pancreata with cysts. In contrast to existing automatic segmentation approaches for healthy pancreas segmentation which are amenable to atlas/statistical shape approaches, a pancreas with cysts can have even higher variability with respect to the shape of the pancreas due to the size and shape of the cyst(s). Hence, fine results are better attained with semi-automatic steerable approaches. We use a novel combination of random walker and region growing approaches to delineate the boundaries of the pancreas and cysts with respective best Dice coefficients of 85.1% and 86.7%, and respective best volumetric overlap errors of 26.0% and 23.5%. Results show that the proposed algorithm for pancreas and pancreatic cyst segmentation is accurate and stable.

  19. Conservative management of perineural cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitra, Raj; Kirpalani, Dhiruj; Wedemeyer, Matthew

    2008-07-15

    A case series and literature review are presented. To review relevant data for the management of perineural cysts, and present a case series of 2 patient with symptomatic perineural cysts treated by steroid therapy. Perineural cysts are usually an incidental finding, but rarely may cause mechanical nerve root compression. Surgical treatments for perineural cysts are complicated by postoperative pseudomeningocoele and intracranial hypotension, and reoccurrence of the cyst. There are no reported nonsurgical treatments for perineural cysts. We present a case series symptomatic perineural cysts. Patients with lumbar and cervical perineural cysts were treated successfully with oral and epidural steroid therapy. Steroid therapy may offer a nonsurgical alternative for the treatment of symptomatic perineural cysts.

  20. Atypical Presentation of Lateral Periodontal Cyst in an Elderly Female Patient - A Rare Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renita Lorina Castelino

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The lateral periodontal lateral cyst (LPC is a uncommon developmental odontogenic cyst defined as a radiolucent lesion which develops along the lateral aspect of an erupted vital tooth. LPC represents approximately 0.8% to 2% of all odontogenic cysts .The most frequently reported location of a lateral periodontal cyst is the mandibular canine premolar area, followed by the anterior region of the maxilla. Lateral periodontal cyst is usually asymptomatic and presents as a round, oval or teardrop-like well-circumscribed interradicular radiolucent area, usually with a sclerotic margin lying between the apex and cervical margin of the teeth . The lateral periodontal cyst usually is seen in the fifth to sixth decade of life with a male preponderance. This paper reports an unusual and an atypical case of an inter radicular radiolucent cystic lesion in located between the mandibular central incisor and canine area in an 87 year old female patient mimicking clinically and radiographically as an residual cyst but histopathologically confirmed as an lateral periodontal cyst.DOI: 10.14693/jdi.v23i1.967

  1. Extramedullary spinal cysts in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lowrie, Mark L; Platt, Simon R; Garosi, Laurent S

    2014-08-01

    To (1) synthesize the terminology used to classify extramedullary spinal cysts in dogs to clarify some of the commonly reported misconceptions, and (2) propose a classification scheme to limit confusion with terminology. Literature review. An online bibliographic search was performed in January 2013 for articles relating to extramedullary spinal cysts in dogs using PubMed (http://www.pubmed.gov/) and Google Scholar (http://scholar.google.com/) databases. Only peer-reviewed clinical literature describing cystic lesions pertaining to the spinal cord and associated structures was included. From 1962 to 2013, 42 articles were identified; 25 (95 dogs) reported meningeal cysts, 10 (24 dogs) described 60 extradural cysts, 3 reports (18 dogs) described discal cysts or acute compressive hydrated nucleus pulposus extrusions (HNPE). Spinal cysts were categorized by location based on cross-sectional imaging as meningeal or extradural non-meningeal. Sub-classification was then performed based on surgical findings and pathology. Meningeal cysts included arachnoid diverticulae and Tarlov (perineural) cysts. Extradural non-meningeal cysts included intraspinal cysts of the vertebral joints, ligaments and discs. Discal cysts also fit this category and have been reported extensively in humans but appear rare in dogs. Extramedullary spinal cysts should be first classified according to location with a sub-classification according to pathologic and surgical findings. Previous canine cases of discal cysts appear to represent a different disease entity and the term acute compressive HNPE is therefore preferred. © Copyright 2014 by The American College of Veterinary Surgeons.

  2. Diferenciação entre cisto simples e hemangioma hepático utilizando seqüência de ressonância magnética ponderada em T2 com técnica gradiente-eco (B-FFE Differentiation between simple cyst and hepatic hemangioma utilizing T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with gradient-echo (b-FFE technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Valente Burim

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Estabelecer o valor das seqüências ponderadas em T2 para diferenciar cistos simples de hemangiomas hepáticos. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo, observacional, transversal e duplo-cego em 52 pacientes com 91 lesões hepáticas (34 cistos simples e 57 hemangiomas submetidos a ressonância magnética de abdome. A análise conjunta de todas as seqüências realizadas foi considerada o padrão-ouro. Dois observadores independentes avaliaram, subjetivamente, as seqüências TSE com TE longo e B-FFE, procurando diferenciar cistos de hemangiomas. Foram calculadas a eficácia das seqüências e a concordância interobservador e intra-observador por meio do teste kappa (κ (p OBJECTIVE: To establish the role of MRI T2-weighted sequences in the differentiation between simple cysts and hepatic hemangiomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A double-blinded, prospective, observational, cross-sectional study evaluated 52 patients with 91 hepatic lesions (34 simple cysts and 57 hemangiomas submitted to abdominal magnetic resonance imaging. The combined analysis of all sequences was considered as the golden-standard. TSE sequences with long echo trains and b-FFE sequences were subjectively analyzed by two independent observers for differentiating cysts from hemangiomas. The kappa test (κ was utilized in the analysis of the methods accuracy and inter- and intra-observer agreement (p < 0.05*. RESULTS: Cysts and hemangiomas dimensions ranged respectively between 0.5 and 6.5 cm (mean = 1.89 cm, and 0.8 and 11 cm (mean = 2.62 cm. The analysis of the sequences with long-TE and the golden-standard demonstrated a non-statistically significant agreement (κ: 0.00-0.10. The agreement between the evaluation of the b-FFE sequence and the golden-standard ranged from substantial (κ: 0.62-0.71 to almost perfect (κ: 0.86 for both observers. The inter- and intra-observer agreement for the b-FFE sequence ranged from substantial (κ: 0.62-0.70 to almost perfect (κ

  3. Morphological and morphometric features of nematode-cysts in Gymnotus inaequilabiatus liver in the Brazilian Pantanal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galindo, Gizela Melina; Rodrigues, Robson Andrade; Marcondes, Sandriely Fernanda; Soares, Priscilla; Tavares, Luiz Eduardo Roland; Fernandes, Carlos Eurico

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the morphometric measures and morphological aspects of nematode-cysts in Gymnotus inaequilabiatus, and the presence of melanomacrophage centers (MMCs) associated with the periphery of cysts and in the liver parenchyma. Adult specimens, 34 female (123.1 ± 43.9g) and 45 male (135.5 ± 43.4g), from Paraguay River, Corumbá, Brazil, were used. The number of nematode-cysts was determined in 79 livers and 25 of them randomly selected for histopathological analysis and morphometric measures of nematode-cysts (mean diameter, thickness of collagen layer, and cyst-wall layer). The percentage of cysts with MMCs on the periphery and density in the liver parenchyma was estimated. The average number of macroscopic cysts was of 48.7 ± 2.78. Granulomatous reaction was observed surrounding the cysts. Diameter, collagen layer and cyst-wall measurements were 293.0 ± 75.18 (µm), 17.72 ± 6.01 (µm) and 12.21 ± 9.51 (µm), respectively. The number of nematode-cysts was correlated with hepatosomatic index, (r=0.26, P<0.05). Collagen layer was correlated with cyst diameter (r=0.62, P<0.01). Pericystic and parenchymatous MMCs were moderately (r=0.48) and highly (r=0.90) correlated with nematode-cysts number. Morphological characteristics of hepatic tissue and cysts-nematodes measures suggest that G. inaequilabiatus acts as a paratenic host to nematodes in the larval stage.

  4. Bone cysts: unicameral and aneurysmal bone cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mascard, E; Gomez-Brouchet, A; Lambot, K

    2015-02-01

    Simple and aneurysmal bone cysts are benign lytic bone lesions, usually encountered in children and adolescents. Simple bone cyst is a cystic, fluid-filled lesion, which may be unicameral (UBC) or partially separated. UBC can involve all bones, but usually the long bone metaphysis and otherwise primarily the proximal humerus and proximal femur. The classic aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is an expansive and hemorrhagic tumor, usually showing characteristic translocation. About 30% of ABCs are secondary, without translocation; they occur in reaction to another, usually benign, bone lesion. ABCs are metaphyseal, excentric, bulging, fluid-filled and multicameral, and may develop in all bones of the skeleton. On MRI, the fluid level is evocative. It is mandatory to distinguish ABC from UBC, as prognosis and treatment are different. UBCs resolve spontaneously between adolescence and adulthood; the main concern is the risk of pathologic fracture. Treatment in non-threatening forms consists in intracystic injection of methylprednisolone. When there is a risk of fracture, especially of the femoral neck, surgery with curettage, filling with bone substitute or graft and osteosynthesis may be required. ABCs are potentially more aggressive, with a risk of bone destruction. Diagnosis must systematically be confirmed by biopsy, identifying soft-tissue parts, as telangiectatic sarcoma can mimic ABC. Intra-lesional sclerotherapy with alcohol is an effective treatment. In spinal ABC and in aggressive lesions with a risk of fracture, surgical treatment should be preferred, possibly after preoperative embolization. The risk of malignant transformation is very low, except in case of radiation therapy. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  5. SEBACEOUS CYSTS MINOR SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Gusti Ayu Agung Laksemi

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Minor surgery is small surgery or localized example cut ulcers and boils, cyst excision, and suturing. Somethings that need to be considered in the preparation of the surgery is minor tools, operating rooms and operating tables, lighting, maintenance of tools and equipment, sterilization and desinfection equipment, preparation of patients and anesthesia. In general cysts is walled chamber that consist of fluid, cells and the remaining cells. Cysts are formed not due to inflammation although then be inflamed. Lining of the cysts wall is composed of fibrous tissue and usually coated epithelial cells or endothelial. Cysts formed by dilated glands and closed channels, glands, blood vessels, lymph channels or layers of the epidermis. Contents of the cysts wall consists of the results is serum, lymph, sweat sebum, epithelial cells, the stratum corneum, and hair. /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;}

  6. New observations on meniscal cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anderson, Jada Jean; Connor, Gregory F.; Helms, Clyde A. [Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC (United States)

    2010-12-15

    The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of meniscal cysts, assess the frequency of various magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics, and emphasize radiographic observations not commonly reported. A total of 2,095 consecutive knee MR imaging reports from a 22 month period were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of meniscal cysts. Two musculoskeletal radiologists reviewed the cases where cysts were reported. A meniscal cyst was considered present if abnormally increased signal was identified within an enlarged meniscus (i.e., intrameniscal cyst) or if a loculated fluid-intensity lesion with a clear connection to the adjacent meniscus was identified (i.e., parameniscal cyst). Presence or absence of a meniscal tear, intrameniscal and parameniscal signal intensity, patient age, sex, location of meniscal cyst, presence of discoid meniscus, and size of the parameniscal cyst component were recorded. All knee imaging examinations were performed on a 1.5T MR unit. Imaging findings were correlated with arthroscopic reports when available. A total of 167 cases (8.0%) of meniscal cysts were diagnosed in 161 patients. Of the 167 cysts, 69 (41.3%) were located in the lateral meniscus and 98 (58.7%) in the medial meniscus. In 6 patients (3.7%), meniscal cysts were present in both menisci of the same knee. Twelve (7.2%) meniscal cysts were associated with discoid menisci. Ninety-seven (57.8%) meniscal cysts were associated with meniscal tears. Of the total number of meniscal cysts, 104 (62.3%) had a parameniscal cyst. An isolated intrameniscal cyst was present in 63 (37.7%) cases. One hundred (96%) of the parameniscal cyst components were isointense to fluid on T2-weighted FSE images. All cysts exhibited abnormal intrameniscal signal. Only 14 (8.4%) of the intrameniscal components were isointense to fluid on T2-weighted FSE images. The arthroscopic reports of 88 of the 161 (54.7%) patients were available for review and correlation. A tear extending to

  7. New observations on meniscal cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Jada Jean; Connor, Gregory F; Helms, Clyde A

    2010-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of meniscal cysts, assess the frequency of various magnetic resonance (MR) imaging characteristics, and emphasize radiographic observations not commonly reported. A total of 2,095 consecutive knee MR imaging reports from a 22 month period were retrospectively reviewed for the presence of meniscal cysts. Two musculoskeletal radiologists reviewed the cases where cysts were reported. A meniscal cyst was considered present if abnormally increased signal was identified within an enlarged meniscus (i.e., intrameniscal cyst) or if a loculated fluid-intensity lesion with a clear connection to the adjacent meniscus was identified (i.e., parameniscal cyst). Presence or absence of a meniscal tear, intrameniscal and parameniscal signal intensity, patient age, sex, location of meniscal cyst, presence of discoid meniscus, and size of the parameniscal cyst component were recorded. All knee imaging examinations were performed on a 1.5T MR unit. Imaging findings were correlated with arthroscopic reports when available. A total of 167 cases (8.0%) of meniscal cysts were diagnosed in 161 patients. Of the 167 cysts, 69 (41.3%) were located in the lateral meniscus and 98 (58.7%) in the medial meniscus. In 6 patients (3.7%), meniscal cysts were present in both menisci of the same knee. Twelve (7.2%) meniscal cysts were associated with discoid menisci. Ninety-seven (57.8%) meniscal cysts were associated with meniscal tears. Of the total number of meniscal cysts, 104 (62.3%) had a parameniscal cyst. An isolated intrameniscal cyst was present in 63 (37.7%) cases. One hundred (96%) of the parameniscal cyst components were isointense to fluid on T2-weighted FSE images. All cysts exhibited abnormal intrameniscal signal. Only 14 (8.4%) of the intrameniscal components were isointense to fluid on T2-weighted FSE images. The arthroscopic reports of 88 of the 161 (54.7%) patients were available for review and correlation. A tear extending to

  8. A case of ovarian paragonimiasis mimicking ovarian carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tantipalakorn, Charuwan; Khunamornpong, Surapan; Tongsong, Theera

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this report is to describe ovarian paragonimiasis, a rare form of lung fluke infestation, mimicking ovarian cancer. A 47-year-old Thai woman presented with a pelvic mass. Imaging suggested ovarian cancer with pulmonary and hepatic metastases. She was scheduled for complete surgical staging. However, a frozen section revealed Paragonimus eggs in the enlarged ovarian mass. A total abdominal hysterectomy with bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy was performed instead of complete staging. All other lesions were also proven later to be Paragonimus infestation. Postoperative treatment with antiparasitic drugs resulted in dramatic improvement, with nearly complete resolution of all lesions at 4 months of follow-up. This is an unusual case of ovarian paragonimiasis mimicking ovarian cancer, which is instructive and informative for differential diagnoses of pelvic masses. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  9. Total rupture of hydatid cyst of liver in to common bile duct: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robleh, Hassan; Yassine, Fahmi; Driss, Khaiz; Khalid, Elhattabi; Fatima-Zahra, Bensardi; Saad, Berrada; Rachid, Lefriyekh; Abdalaziz, Fadil; Najib, Zerouali Ouariti

    2014-01-01

    Rupture of hydatid liver cyst into biliary tree is frequent complications that involve the common hepatic duct, lobar biliary branches, the small intrahepatic bile ducts,but rarely rupture into common bile duct. The rupture of hydatid cyst is serious life threating event. The authors are reporting a case of total rupture of hydatid cyst of liver into common bile duct. A 50-year-old male patient who presented with acute cholangitis was diagnosed as a case of totally rupture of hydatid cyst on Abdominal CT Scan. Rupture of hydatid cyst of liver into common bile duct and the gallbladder was confirmed on surgery. Treated by cholecystectomy and T-tube drainage of Common bile duct.

  10. Breast Recurrent Hydatid Cyst Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Temiz, Ayetullah; Albayrak, Yavuz; Akalp, Sevilay Özmen; Yalçın, Ahmet; Albayrak, Ayşe

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic disease seen in endemic areas. It is an important health problem in our country and especially in our Eastern and South-eastern Anatolia Region. Involvement of isolated breast tissue is very rare in hydatid cystdisease. As far as we know, isolated recurrent breast cyst hydatidosis has not been found in the literature. We aimed to present the case of a patient who was diagnosed with recurrent isolated cyst hydatid in the same breast, operated on because of hydatid cyst in the right breast 9 years ago. A hydatid cyst should be considered, particularly in endemic regions, in the differential diagnosis of cystic masses of the breast. If the patient has previously undergone surgery for breast cyst hydatid disease, recurrent cyst hydatid disease should be considered at the differential diagnosis. Celsius.

  11. Symptomatic sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sajko, Tomislav; Kovać, Damir; Kudelić, Nenad; Kovac, Lana

    2009-12-01

    Sacral perineurial (Tarlov) cysts are rare lesions. Over a seven year period 4000 patients underwent surgery for lumbar disk herniation. In three patients neurological symptoms were caused by large sacral perineurial cysts. Methods of choice for diagnosis of Tarlov cysts are lumbosacral magnetic resonance imaging and computerized tomography myelography. The majority of Tarlov cysts are asymptomatic. In case of large (> or = 1.5 cm) and symptomatic perineurial cyst, as in three patients reported in this article, microsurgical treatment was successful. Although rare, perineurial (Tarlov) cysts must be taken into consideration when approaching to patient with low back and radicular pain. Authors review the medical literature, pathological and pathophysiological features and treatment options of sacral perineurial cysts.

  12. Canine intracranial epidermoid cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Platt, S R; Graham, J; Chrisman, C L; Adjiri-Awere, A; Clemmons, R M

    1999-01-01

    A 7-year-old intact male pitbull presented with a 2-month history of progressive dysequilibrium. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis was indicative of a central inflammatory or neoplastic disorder. A cerebellar cystic structure was identified on magnetic resonance imaging which was found to be an epidermoid cyst on histopathology.

  13. Simple Kidney Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... kidney cysts are abnormal, fluid-filled sacs that form in the kidneys. What are the kidneys and what do they do? The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located near the ...

  14. Hydatid Cysts in Children

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    HussamHassan

    Background/Purpose: Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection caused by a parasite, echinococcus granulosus, characterized by cystic lesion in the liver, lungs ... The aim of this study is to identify the optimum and safe way for treating children having ... Diagnosis of pulmonary hydatid cysts is an indication for surgery which is ...

  15. (unicameral) bone cysts

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    fibula.3 Most often a single bone is affected.4 The most common compli- cation ... 10 years.6 CT can be useful to evaluate the extent of the cyst, especially if pelvic bones are affected. ... established a R20,000.00 prize for the best lecture given at the RSSA Biennial Congress being held in conjunction with the ISRRT World.

  16. COMPLICATEI) MASSIVE CHOLEDOCHAL CYST:

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This form of presentation is considered unusual and notable. This case report is aimed at highlighting this unique presentation and reviewing literature on choledochal cyst. It is hoped .... Three serial daily serum electrolytes showed persistently low sodium (range, 123 -. 133meq/l), and low potassium (range, 1.9 ~ 2.9meq/l).

  17. Immunoblotting with Human Native Antigen Shows Stage-Related Sensitivity in the Serodiagnosis of Hepatic Cystic Echinococcosis

    OpenAIRE

    Mariconti, Mara; Bazzocchi, Chiara; Tamarozzi, Francesca; Meroni, Valeria; Genco, Francesca; Maserati, Roberta; Brunetti, Enrico

    2014-01-01

    The diagnosis of hepatic cystic echinococcosis is based on ultrasonography and confirmed by serology. However, no biological marker of cyst viability is currently available implying years-long patient follow-up, which is not always feasible in endemic areas. We characterized the performance of an immunoblotting test based on human hydatid cyst fluid with particular regard to its ability to distinguish between cyst stages. Sera from patients with cysts in different stages showed distinctive ba...

  18. Pancreatic Cysts - Part 2: Should We Be Less Cyst Centric?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lennon, Anne Marie; Canto, Marcia Irene

    2017-07-01

    The management of pancreatic cysts is a common problem faced by physicians and surgeons. Pancreatic cysts are important because some of them are mucin-producing cysts (MPCs), which may harbor or develop pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Thus, accurate classification of pancreatic cysts and diagnosis of MPCs offer a potential for the prevention or early detection of pancreatic cancer. However, the diagnosis and management of asymptomatic pancreatic cysts are complicated by 2 factors. First, incidentally detected pancreatic cysts are often misdiagnosed as branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms. Although most are MPCs, there are other types of cysts, such as serous cystadenomas, which are managed differently. Second, only a minority of MPCs will ultimately develop into invasive pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Thus, on the one hand, pancreatic cysts offer a unique opportunity to identify precursors to pancreatic cancer and improve outcomes. On the other hand, misdiagnosis and overzealous testing or unnecessary surgery may lead to high cost and harm to patients. Several guidelines have been developed by various groups for the management of pancreatic cysts. In this article, we review the strengths and weaknesses of the American Gastroenterology Association guidelines, highlight key recommendations requiring further validation, and provide our balanced approach to diagnosing and managing pancreatic cysts.

  19. Parathyroid cyst: often mistaken for a thyroid cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ujiki, Michael B; Nayar, Ritu; Sturgeon, Cord; Angelos, Peter

    2007-01-01

    Parathyroid cysts are rare but clinically significant lesions. They can be functional, mistaken for a thyroid cyst, and/or managed nonoperatively on occasion. We identified seven patients (1 male, 6 females) with the diagnosis of parathyroid cyst from 1998 to 2003. Altogether, 33% of the patients had functional cysts. Sestamibi scans were performed in three of the seven patients, including two with functional cysts; none showed focal uptake. In toto, six of the seven cysts (86%) were found in an inferior parathyroid gland. All of the cysts had crystal-clear aspirate. C-terminal parathormone (PTH) levels were obtained from the aspirate from five of the seven (71%) patients. The mean level was 269,736 pg/ml (1970-1,268,074 pg/ml). Surgery was performed in three of the seven (43%) patients. All patients who underwent surgery improved postoperatively based on symptoms and serum levels of calcium and PTH. The four patients (57%) who were treated nonoperatively were subjected to aspiration alone; three (75%) of those patients required multiple aspirations. Most parathyroid cysts are nonfunctional and are rarely symptomatic. They are usually located in an inferior gland. If aspirated, most of the cysts reaccumulate fluid. Operative management is usually straightforward and alleviates symptoms and any biochemical abnormalities caused by the cyst.

  20. Hypothyroid myopathy mimicking postpolio syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Verma, Rajesh; Lalla, Rakesh; Sahu, Ritesh

    2012-08-24

    Hypothyroidism can have diverse neurological manifestations. Myopathy may rarely be the sole manifestation of autoimmune thyroiditis. We hereby report an atypical manifestation of severe hypothyroidism in a middle-aged woman with childhood onset of paralytic polio involving her right leg presenting with a recent onset of increased weakness in the right leg mimicking postpolio syndrome.

  1. Duel-stage treatment for biliary cysts with cholangitis during pregnancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Baoxing; Tan, Ludong; Jin, Zhe; Liu, Yahui

    2017-01-01

    Biliary cysts in pregnant women are a complex medical issue, especially when complicated with cholangitis. It is a serious and life-threatening diagnosis that can seriously endanger both the expectant mother and the fetus. However, during pregnancy, surgical treatment would lead to further complications and higher fetal mortality. Here, we propose a novel therapeutic approach that would be safe for both mother and child during pregnancy, with a definitive treatment postponed until after delivery. In this retrospective study we have summarized the clinical course of six adult patients diagnosed with choledochal cysts during pregnancy. Treatment was conducted in two stages, firstly, percutaneous cholecystostomy under ultrasound guidance and sustained negative pressure suction until delivery, and secondly, selective choledochal cyst excision when the patients recovered from delivery. All the six patients gave birth to healthy babies. Four patients had Type-I choledochal cysts, and underwent Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy surgery. Two patients had a Type-IV choledochal cyst. The first patient with Type-IV choledochal cyst underwent anastomosis between the secondary hepatic bile duct and jejunum and the second patient underwent laparoscopic cyst internal drainage. No serious complications were recorded after gallbladder drainage or during the perioperative period. Based on our single-centre experience we can conclude that treatment of choledochal cyst with cholangitis during pregnancy can be conducted safely and efficiently through the two stages strategy that we proposed in this paper. The first stage should be percutaneous cholecystostomy followed by elective surgical treatment following delivery.

  2. [Arachnoid cysts: Embriology and pathology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Conde, Mario; Martín-Viota, Lucia

    2015-01-01

    There is still great controversy surrounding the origin of the arachnoid cyst. The most accepted theory in the case of congenital cysts explains how they are formed from an anomalous development of the arachnoid membrane, which is unfolded allowing the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid inside and creating a cyst. This theory seems to explain the origin of convexity and sylvian cistern arachnoid cysts, whereas those in other locations might be due to other mechanisms. In the anatomopathological analysis, the arachnoid cyst wall can be seen as having few differences from normal, although thickened due to an increase quantity of collagenous material. A description of the embryological development of the arachnoid layer and cyst formation is presented, describing the main anatomopathological findings. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  3. Tailgut cysts: MRI findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aflalo-Hazan, V.; Rousset, P.; Lewin, M.; Azizi, L. [Hopital Saint Antoine, Department of Radiology, PARIS Cedex 12 (France); Mourra, N. [Hopital Saint Antoine, Department of Pathology, PARIS Cedex 12 (France); Hoeffel, C. [Hopital Robert Debre, Department of Radiology, Reims Cedex (France)

    2008-11-15

    Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of 11 surgically resected pelvic tailgut cysts were analyzed with reference to histopathologic and clinical data. Homogeneity, size, location, signal intensity, appearance and presence of septa and/or nodules and/or peripheral rim and involvement of surrounding structures were studied. Histological examination demonstrated 11 tailgut cysts (TGC), including one infected TGC and one TGC with a component of adenocarcinoma. Lesions (3-8 cm in diameter) were exclusively or partly retrorectal in all cases but one, with an extension down the anal canal in five cases. Lesions were multicystic in all patients but one. On T1-weighted MR images, all cystic lesions contained at least one hyperintense cyst. The peripheral rim of the cystic lesion was regular and non or moderately enhancing in all cases but the two complicated TGC. Nodular peripheral rim and irregular septa were seen in the degenerated TGC. Marked enhancement of the peripheral structures was noted in the two complicated TGC. Pelvic MRI is a valuable tool in the preoperative evaluation of TGC. (orig.)

  4. Radiculopathy Caused by Discal Cyst

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Sae Young

    2013-01-01

    Discal cyst is an intraspinal cyst with a distinct communication with the corresponding intervertebral disc. It is a rare condition and could present with radiculopathy similar to that caused by lumbar disc herniation. We present a patient with a large discal cyst in the ventrolateral epidural space of the 5th lumbar vertebral (L5) level that communicated with the adjacent 4th lumbar and 5th lumbar intervertebral disc, causing L5 radiculopathy. We alleviated the radiating pain with selective ...

  5. Hepatitis E

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sheets Fact files Questions & answers Features Multimedia Contacts Hepatitis E Fact sheet Updated July 2017 Key facts ... in 2005 . Report Global hepatitis report, 2017 World Hepatitis Day Know hepatitis - Act now Event notice Key ...

  6. Viral Hepatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home A-Z Health Topics Viral hepatitis Viral hepatitis > A-Z Health Topics Viral hepatitis (PDF, 90 ... liver. Source: National Cancer Institute Learn more about hepatitis Watch a video. Learn who is at risk ...

  7. Hepatitis A

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... or care for someone who has hepatitis A People who travel to developing countries are more likely to get hepatitis A. What are the complications of hepatitis A? People typically recover from hepatitis A without complications. In ...

  8. Immunogenic multistage recombinant protein vaccine confers partial protection against experimental toxoplasmosis mimicking natural infection in murine model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaprak Gedik

    2016-01-01

    To generate a protective vaccine against toxoplasmosis, multistage vaccines and usage of challenging models mimicking natural route of infection are critical cornerstones. In this study, we generated a BAG1 and GRA1 multistage vaccine that induced strong immune response in which the protection was not at anticipated level. In addition, the murine model was orally challenged with tissue cysts to mimic natural route of infection.

  9. Neurenteric cysts of the spine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J J Savage

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Neurenteric cysts account for 0.7-1.3% of spinal axis tumors. These rare lesions result from the inappropriate partitioning of the embryonic notochordal plate and presumptive endoderm during the third week of human development. Heterotopic rests of epithelium reminiscent of gastrointestinal and respiratory tissue lead to eventual formation of compressive cystic lesions of the pediatric and adult spine. Histopathological analysis of neurenteric tissue reveals a highly characteristic structure of columnar or cuboidal epithelium with or without cilia and mucus globules. Patients with symptomatic neurenteric cysts typically present in the second and third decades of life with size-dependent myelopathic and/or radicular signs. Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography are essential diagnostic tools for the delineation of cyst form and overlying osseous architecture. A variety of approaches have been employed in the treatment of neurenteric cysts each with a goal of total surgical resection. Although long-term outcome analyses are limited, data available indicate that surgical intervention in the case of neurenteric cysts results in a high frequency of resolution of neurological deficit with minimal morbidity. However, recurrence rates as high as 37% have been reported with incomplete resection secondary to factors such as cyst adhesion to surrounding structure and unclear dissection planes. Here we present a systematic review of English language literature from January 1966 to December 2009 utilizing MEDLINE with the following search terminology: neurenteric cyst, enterogenous cyst, spinal cord tumor, spinal dysraphism, intraspinal cyst, intramedullary cyst, and intradural cyst. In addition, the references of publications returned from the MEDLINE search criteria were surveyed in order to examine other pertinent reports.

  10. Multicystic Hepatocarcinoma Mimicking Liver Abscess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evangelos Falidas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC became easier in relation to the improved radiological examinations; however, the neoplasm may occur under atypical presentations mimicking other benign or malignant processes. Multicystic HCC mimicking a liver abscess associated with septic-type fever and leukocytosis is rare, has a poor prognosis, and poses diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. We present the case of an 80-year-old patient, who presented with fever, leukocytosis, and large cystic masses involving right and left lobes of the liver initially considered abscesses and finally diagnosed as HCC after open drainage and liver biopsy. Although the patient died on the tenth postoperative day due to pulmonary oedema, the authors emphasize the high index of suspicion needed in the diagnosis of this unusual presentation of HCC.

  11. Evaluation of hepatic cystic lesions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lantinga, Marten A; Gevers, Tom JG; Drenth, Joost PH

    2013-01-01

    Hepatic cysts are increasingly found as a mere coincidence on abdominal imaging techniques, such as ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). These cysts often present a diagnostic challenge. Therefore, we performed a review of the recent literature and developed an evidence-based diagnostic algorithm to guide clinicians in characterising these lesions. Simple cysts are the most common cystic liver disease, and diagnosis is based on typical USG characteristics. Serodiagnostic tests and microbubble contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) are invaluable in differentiating complicated cysts, echinococcosis and cystadenoma/cystadenocarcinoma when USG, CT and MRI show ambiguous findings. Therefore, serodiagnostic tests and CEUS reduce the need for invasive procedures. Polycystic liver disease (PLD) is arbitrarily defined as the presence of > 20 liver cysts and can present as two distinct genetic disorders: autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal dominant polycystic liver disease (PCLD). Although genetic testing for ADPKD and PCLD is possible, it is rarely performed because it does not affect the therapeutic management of PLD. USG screening of the liver and both kidneys combined with extensive family history taking are the cornerstone of diagnostic decision making in PLD. In conclusion, an amalgamation of these recent advances results in a diagnostic algorithm that facilitates evidence-based clinical decision making. PMID:23801855

  12. Postoperative recurrence in hepatic hydatid disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapan, Metin; Kapan, Selin; Goksoy, Ertugrul; Perek, Sadik; Kol, Ece

    2006-05-01

    Recurrence of hepatic hydatid disease is still a serious problem in endemic areas like our country. In this study, we present the causes and management of recurrences after surgical therapy of the hepatic hydatid cysts. Hepatic hydatid cyst patients treated surgically and followed afterward at Istanbul University, Cerrahpasa Medical Faculty, Department of General Surgery between January 1998 and January 2003 were evaluated retrospectively. During this period, 172 primary patients with hepatic hydatid disease were attended to at our clinic. Morbidity and mortality rates for this series were 5.8% and 0.58%, respectively. Recurrence rate was 4.65% during the follow-up period of 60.5 months (range, 25-84 months). Primary causes of recurrence were thought to be unnoticed cysts with exophytic development due to inadequate incision and exposition and spreading of the disease during conservative operative interventions. It is concluded that selection of the proper incision allowing complete exposition, and performance of pericystectomy in solitary, peripherally located cysts prevent recurrence.

  13. Factors Influencing the Serological Response in Hepatic Echinococcus granulosus Infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lissandrin, Raffaella; Tamarozzi, Francesca; Piccoli, Luca; Tinelli, Carmine; De Silvestri, Annalisa; Mariconti, Mara; Meroni, Valeria; Genco, Francesca; Brunetti, Enrico

    2016-01-01

    Knowledge of variables influencing serology is crucial to evaluate serology results for the diagnosis and clinical management of cystic echinococcosis (CE). We analyzed retrospectively a cohort of patients with hepatic CE followed in our clinic in 2000-2012 to evaluate the influence of several variables on the results of commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and indirect hemagglutination (IHA) tests. Sera from 171 patients with ≥ 1 hepatic CE cyst, and 90 patients with nonparasitic cysts were analyzed. CE cysts were staged according to the WHO-IWGE classification and grouped by activity. A significant difference in ELISA optical density (OD) values and percentage of positivity was found among CE activity groups and with controls (P < 0.001). The serological response was also influenced by age (P < 0.001) and cyst number (P = 0.003). OD values and cyst size were positively correlated in active cysts (P = 0.001). IHA test showed comparable results. When we analyzed the results of 151 patients followed over time, we found that serology results were significantly influenced by cyst activity, size, number, and treatment ≤ 12 months before serum collection. In conclusion, serological responses as assessed by commercial tests depend on CE cyst activity, size and number, and time from treatment. Clinical studies and clinicians in their practice should take this into account. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

  14. Fibular hydatid cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arti Hamidreza

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease is caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus. Genus Echinococcus has different species including Echinococcus vogeli, Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilucularis . Echinococcus granulosus is the most common cause of hydatid disease in humans. This disease occurs either through direct ingestion of parasite eggs from contact with infected dogs or indirectly from the ingestion of contaminated water or food. Infestation of hydatid disease in humans most commonly occurs in the liver (55-70%, followed by the lungs (18-35%. Bone hydatidosis however is very rare (3%. We present herein a case of hydatid cyst of the fibula, which is an uncommon site for the occurrence of this disease.

  15. Hydatid Cyst of the Liver: A Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei-Hsin Yuan

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Taiwan is nearly free from hydatid disease. We report a case of hydatid cyst of the liver in a 37-year-old man who originally lived in India and had migrated to Taiwan 2 years earlier. He presented with right upper quadrant pain and intermittent low-grade fever. Both sonography and computed tomography (CT demonstrated a cystic lesion with vesicles at its periphery in segments 6 and 7 of the liver. A hydatid cyst was diagnosed. The patient underwent radical excision of the cyst with total removal without opening the wall. He also received pre- and postoperative oral mebendazole. Pathology showed a hydatid cyst consisting of three layers: the inner single nucleated geminal layer, the middle acellular laminated layer, and the outer pericyst originating from inflammatory and hepatic cells. This case highlights that accurate preoperative diagnosis of hydatid disease can be made from personal history, typical sonography and CT study in non-endemic areas.

  16. Arrangements of Hepatobiliary Cystadenoma Complicated With Congenital Choledochal Cyst

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, En-Liang; Shi, Shi-Dai; Huang, Yong; Wu, Lin-Quan

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Hepatobiliary cystadenoma complication with congenital choledochal cyst is extremely rare and has never been reported in literatures so far. The aim of the study was to investigate the disease arrangements by analyzing the case and performing a systematic review of the literature. This case report documents the details and clear patterns of the patient. A 65-year-old woman with fever (39.2°C), nausea, vomiting, and chronic hepatitis B imaging demonstrated a left hepatic multilocular cystic mass and cystic dilated common bile duct. A regular left hemihepatectomy was performed with resection of the entire tumor and choledochal cyst. The surgical margins were negative and a final diagnosis of hepatobiliary cystadenoma complicated with congenital choledochal cyst was established. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery and liver function returned to normal levels. Main lessons learned from this case are: the awareness should be raised about the disease to avoid misdiagnosis; preoperative ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography play an important role in detecting the lesion; the scope and timing of the surgery should be determined, which provide the chance of cure to complete resection of the tumor. PMID:25621685

  17. Bilateral mandibular dentigerous cysts: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    MORAIS,Hécio Henrique de Araújo; DIAS,Tasiana Guedes de Souza; Vasconcellos,Ricardo José de Holanda; Vasconcelos,Belmiro Cavalcanti do Egito; Melo,Auremir Rocha; GONDIM,David Alencar; de Carvalho, Ricardo Wathson Feitosa

    2014-01-01

    Dentigerous cysts are frequently found in the maxilla. After radicular cysts, dentigerous cysts are those most commonly diagnosed, accounting for 20% of all jaw cysts. They are often asymptomatic and diagnosed incidentally during routine examinations. Clinical complications such as dental displacement, ectopic eruption, dental impaction, adjacent tooth root resorption, cortical expansion with facial asymmetry, paresthesia, pathological fracture, and even malignant transformation may occur. De...

  18. Retroareolar cysts in the adolescent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huneeus, Andrea; Schilling, Andrea; Horvath, Eleonora; Pinochet, Miguel; Carrasco, Oriana

    2003-02-01

    Retroareolar cysts present in female adolescents with palpable subareolar masses that can have concomitant inflammatory changes. The purpose of this study was to report our cases of retroareolar cysts and thus to contribute to a better knowledge and understanding of this entity. Forty-six girls were diagnosed with retroareolar cysts between December 2000 and July 2002. A retrospective chart review is presented with the clinical and ultrasonographic findings. Age at presentation was 10 to 20 years. The reason for consultation was acute mastalgia and inflammation in 31 cases and palpable nodule in 15 cases. Two patients had areolar discharge. Ultrasonographic imaging in the 46 girls showed retroareolar simple cysts, either multiple or bilateral. The cysts had thin walls and were round, oval, or elongated with a variable diameter always less than 20 mm. They had liquid content with an echogenic or calcific sediment. When retroareolar cysts presented with inflammatory changes, antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs were used. Inflammatory changes disappeared in approximately seven days. All patients experienced favorable outcomes. Retroareolar cysts are a benign form of breast disease in the adolescent. Further investigation is needed to completely understand the pathophysiology, epidemiology, and natural history of this diagnosis.

  19. Adrenal cysts: Our laparoscopic experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajendra B Nerli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cystic lesions of the adrenals are rare with an incidence of 0.06% in autopsies, and the most frequently found are either the endothelial cysts or the pseudocysts. We report our series of patients presenting with adrenal cysts. Materials and Methods: The case records of patients presenting with adrenal cysts were reviewed and analyzed. Age, gender, presenting symptoms, physical examination findings, laboratory investigations and imaging records were all noted and analysed. Results: During the 10-year study period, 14 patients, with a mean age of 41.36 ± 5.57 years, were diagnosed to have adrenal cysts. Laparoscopic excision of cysts was performed in three and laparoscopic adrenalectomy in the remaining eleven. Conclusions: Adrenal cysts are rare, and intervention is indicated whenever they are large (>5 cm, symptomatic, functional, and potentially malignant. Laparoscopic management of these cysts in the form of either decortication/excision is safe, effective, minimally invasive, with minimal blood loss and shorter duration of hospitalization.

  20. Artemia cyst production in Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litvinenko, Liudmila I.; Litvinenko, Aleksandr I.; Boiko, Elena G.; Kutsanov, Kirill

    2015-11-01

    In Western Siberia (Russia) there are about 100 Artemia lakes with total area over 1 600 km2. Geographically these lakes are located between 51°-56°N and 61°-82°E. In general these lakes are shallow (depth less than 1.5 m), small or medium size (0.1 to 10 km2); they are chloride; their total salinity is from 40 to 250 g/L. The harvesting of cysts per year is only in 20-40 lakes. In Russia 550 tons of dry Artemia cysts (14%-18% of the world production) were harvested annually. This includes about 350 tons in the Altai region and 200 tons in other regions. During our regular 20-year study period the cyst harvest was: 95 tons in Kurgan; 65 tons in Omsk, 20 tons in Novosibirsk, 20 tons in Tyumen. Ways of increasing cyst harvest in Russia are considered in this article. During the last 30 years the harvest of cysts in Russia has increased from 7-20 to 500-600 tons. A significant influence of dryness of the year was found on productivity in selected lakes, but taken for all the lakes together, the relationship was not significant. The optimal salinity for productivity of cysts in the lakes was determined. Analysis of productivity of the lakes and the harvesting results showed that the stocks of cysts are underutilized by approximately 1.7 times.

  1. Propionic acidemia mimicking diabetic ketoacidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dweikat, Imad M; Naser, Enas N; Abu Libdeh, Abdulsalam I; Naser, Osama J; Abu Gharbieh, Najwan N; Maraqa, Nizar F; Abu Libdeh, Bassam Y

    2011-05-01

    Propionic acidemia manifesting with hyperglycemia is rare. Few cases have been reported mainly of the neonatal-onset form associated with high mortality. We report a 9-month-old Palestinian boy who manifested with coma, severe hyperglycemia and ketoacidosis mimicking diabetic ketoacidosis. Family history of unexplained infant deaths was helpful in reaching the correct diagnosis. In response to therapy, the patient regained consciousness without neurologic deficits and had normal examination. This is, to our knowledge, the first case report of late-onset propionic acidemia that had this presentation and survived. Copyright © 2010 The Japanese Society of Child Neurology. All rights reserved.

  2. Ocular Argyrosis Mimicking Conjunctival Melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tendler, Irwin; Pulitzer, Melissa P; Roggli, Victor; Abramson, David H; Marr, Brian P

    2017-06-01

    To present a novel case of ocular argyrosis mimicking conjunctival melanoma. A 48-year-old man who is a jewelry manufacturer presented with raised pigmented lesions in the inferior fornices of both eyes. Brown-black colored, follicle-like, masses were observed in both fornices. An incisional biopsy confirmed the presence of silver and the diagnosis of ocular argyrosis. Despite its limited negative health effects, ocular argyrosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of conjunctival pigmented lesions because of the potential for misidentification of neoplastic growth.

  3. Oral candidiasis mimicking tongue cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibata, Tomohisa; Yamashita, Daisuke; Hasegawa, Shingo; Saito, Miki; Otsuki, Naoki; Hashikawa, Kazunobu; Tahara, Shinya; Nibu, Ken-ichi

    2011-06-01

    Candida species inhabit the mucosal surfaces of healthy individuals. Major forms of oral candidiasis are pseudomembranous and atrophic form, but chronic hyperplastic candidiasis (CHC) is rarely seen. We encountered a nodule caused by candidal infection on a forearm flap in the oral cavity mimicking a recurrent tongue cancer, which revealed as CHC by histopathological examination. Like other forms of oral candidiasis, the nodule well responded to the treatment of antifungal agents and eventually disappeared. When an intraoral nodule is observed, the possibility of CHC should be taken into consideration. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. MR imaging of pineal cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahn, Yong Sik; Yu, Hyeon; Kim, Wan Tae; Bae, Jin Woo; Moon, Hee Jung; Shin, Hyun Ja [Korea Veterans Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-09-01

    To evaluate the incidence and characteristic findings of pineal cyst incidentally detected on magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Brain MR images obtained in 2432 patients were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence and MR findings of pineal cysts, which were evaluated according to their size, shape, location, signal intensity, interval change, contrast enhancement and mass effect on adjacent structures. Cysts were encountered in 107(4.4 %) of 2432 patients evaluated. their size ranged from 1 X 1 X 1 to 15 X 8 X 9 (mean, 5.97 X 3.82 X 4.82)mm. All were spherical (n=53) or oval (n=54) in shape. Their margin was smooth and they were homogeneous in nature. On T1-weighted images, the cysts were seen to be hyperintense (n=57) or isointense (n=50) to cerebrospinal fluid, but less so than brain parenchyma. T2-weighted images showed them to be isointense (n=51)or hyperintense (n=56) to cerebrospinal fluid. The cysts were centrally located in 65 cases and eccentrically in 42. Compression of the superior colliculi of the tectum was demonstrated in 17 cases (15.9 %). NO patients presented clinical symptoms or signs related to either pineal or tectal lesions. Peripheral enhancement around the cyst after Gd-DTPA injection was demonstrated in 51 cases(100 %). Follow-up examinations in 19 cases demonstrated no interval change. The incidence of pineal cysts was 4.4 %. The MR characteristics of simple pineal cysts include: (1) an oval or spherical shape, (2) a smooth outer margin and homogeneous nature, (3) isosignal or slightly high signal intensity to cerebrospinal fluid on whole pulse sequences, (4) ring enhancement after contrast injection, (5) an absence of interval change, as seen during follow up MR study. These MR appearances of pineal cysts might be helpful for differentiating them from pineal tumors.

  5. Ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nemec, Ursula [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Nemec, Stefan F., E-mail: stefan.nemec@meduniwien.ac.at [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, PACT Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Bettelheim, Dieter [Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Division of Prenatal Diagnosis and Therapy, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Brugger, Peter C. [Center of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Integrative Morphology Group, Medical University Vienna, Waehringerstrasse 13, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Horcher, Ernst [Department of Pediatric Surgery, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Schoepf, Veronika [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Graham, John M.; Rimoin, David L. [Medical Genetics Institute, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, 8700 Beverly Boulevard, PACT Suite 400, Los Angeles, CA 90048 (United States); Weber, Michael; Prayer, Daniela [Department of Radiology, Division of Neuroradiology and Musculoskeletal Radiology, Medical University Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)

    2012-08-15

    Objective: Ovarian cysts are the most frequently encountered intra-abdominal masses in females in utero. They may, at times, require perinatal intervention. Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as an adjunct to ultrasonography (US) in prenatal diagnosis, we sought to demonstrate the ability to visualize ovarian cysts on prenatal MRI. Materials and methods: This retrospective study included 17 fetal MRI scans from 16 female fetuses (23-37 gestational weeks) with an MRI diagnosis of ovarian cysts after suspicious US findings. A multiplanar MRI protocol was applied to image and to characterize the cysts. The US and MRI findings were compared, and the prenatal findings were compared with postnatal imaging findings or histopathology. Results: Simple ovarian cysts were found in 10/16 cases and complex cysts in 7/16 cases, including one case with both. In 11/16 (69%) cases, US and MRI diagnoses were in agreement, and, in 5/16 (31%) cases, MRI specified or expanded the US diagnosis. In 6/16 cases, postnatal US showed that the cysts spontaneously resolved or decreased in size, and in 1/16 cases, postnatal imaging confirmed a hemorrhagic cyst. In 4/16 cases, the prenatal diagnoses were confirmed by surgery/histopathology, and for the rest, postnatal correlation was not available. Conclusion: Our results illustrate the MRI visualization of ovarian cysts in utero. In most cases, MRI will confirm the US diagnosis. In certain cases, MRI may provide further diagnostic information, additional to US, which is the standard technique for diagnosis, monitoring, and treatment planning.

  6. A CLINICOPATHOLOGIC STUDY OF 184 DENTIGEROUS CYSTS

    OpenAIRE

    Hyomoto, Masamitsu; Kawakami, Masayoshi; Hanamoto, Shingo; Kirita, Tadaaki; Miyawaki, Shoichi

    2001-01-01

    The dentigerous cyst has been recognized as having its developmental origin in the tooth follicle. The aim of this article is to report clinicopathologic features of 184 dentigerous cysts and study the influence of inflammatory for cyst formation. The dentigerous cysts occurred mostly in males under 20 years old in the mandibular premolar region where all of them were intensely inflamed from deciduous molars. In the mandibular third molar region the cysts were often found in young and adult s...

  7. Gingival cyst of adult: A rare case

    OpenAIRE

    Malali, Vijayalaxmi V.; Satisha, T. S.; Jha, A. K.; Rath, S. K.

    2012-01-01

    Gingival cyst of adult is an uncommon cyst of gingival soft tissue occurring in either the free or attached gingiva. This odontogenic epithelial cyst is most frequently seen near mandibular canine and premolar region, believed to represent the soft tissue counter part of the lateral periodontal cyst. This article presents a case of gingival cyst treated with exicisional biopsy followed by histopathological confirmation and an emphasis on the clinical aspects of this lesion.

  8. Ovarian damage due to cyst removal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perlman, Signe; Kjer, Jens J

    2016-01-01

    laparoscopically for 393 benign cysts with a diagnosis of either endometrioma (n = 294) or dermoid cyst (n = 99). The microscopic existence of ovarian tissue in the cystectomy specimens were compared and correlation between CA 125 and size of cysts was examined. RESULTS: In total, 80.3% endometrioma cystectomies...... disclosed ovarian stroma compared with 17.2% of the resected dermoid cysts (p ... (p ovarian tissue during laparoscopic surgery is significantly higher for endometriomas than for dermoid cysts....

  9. [Tarlov cyst and symptomatic bladder disfuction].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruibal Moldes, M; Sánchez Rodríguez-Losada, J; López García, D; Casas Agudo, V; Janeiro País, J M; González Martín, M

    2008-01-01

    Tarlov cysts or perineural cyst are lesions of the nerve roots located at the sacral level and uncertain aetiology. Most of these cysts remain asymptomatic with no clinical relevance. The symptomatic cysts are uncommon and the usual symptoms are pain or radiculopathy. We report the case of a 53-year-old woman witha symptomatic cyst (with a history of frequency and urgency syndrom), that disappears after surgery.

  10. Thoracal spinal extradural arachnoid cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olcay Eser

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Arachnoid cyst are fluid-filled that are located between the arachnoid and piamater or duplicationof arachnoid membrane. Extradural arachnoid cysts in the spine are rare and primary are congenital or acquired. These are occurring idiopathic, posttraumatic and post arachnoiditis. A 32 year-old male patient is became a clinic with urinary retention and gait disorders. Thoracic Magnetic Resonance Imaging showed a spinal extradurally cystic mass isointense with that cerebro-spinal fluid at T7-8 level. Patient underwent an operation. The diagnosis of arachnoid cyst was made based on histopathology exam. The case was reported due to very rare occurrence of this entity.

  11. Lung cysts in chronic paracoccidioidomycosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andre Nathan Costa

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available On HRCT scans, lung cysts are characterized by rounded areas of low attenuation in the lung parenchyma and a well-defined interface with the normal adjacent lung. The most common cystic lung diseases are lymphangioleiomyomatosis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. In a retrospective analysis of the HRCT findings in 50 patients diagnosed with chronic paracoccidioidomycosis, we found lung cysts in 5 cases (10%, indicating that patients with paracoccidioidomycosis can present with lung cysts on HRCT scans. Therefore, paracoccidioidomycosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic lung diseases.

  12. Cisto de Baker Baker's cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Kawamura Demange

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Os cistos de Baker localizam-se na região posteromedial do joelho, entre o ventre medial do músculo gastrocnêmio e o tendão semimembranoso. No adulto, esses cistos estão relacionados a lesões intra-articulares, quais sejam, lesões meniscais ou artrose. Nas crianças, geralmente são achados de exame físico ou de exames de imagem, apresentando pouca relevância clínica. O exame de ultrassonografia é adequado para identificar e mensurar o cisto poplíteo. Para o tratamento, a abordagem principal deve ser relacionada ao tratamento da lesão articular. Na maioria dos casos não há necessidade de se abordar diretamente o cisto. Os cistos no joelho são, quase na sua totalidade, benignos (cistos de Baker e cistos parameniscais. Porém, a presença de alguns sinais demanda que o ortopedista suspeite da possibilidade de malignidade: sintomas desproporcionais ao tamanho do cisto, ausência de lesão articular (ex.: meniscal que justifique a existência do cisto, topografia atípica, erosão óssea associada, tamanho superior a 5cm e invasão tecidual (cápsula articular.Baker's cysts are located in the posteromedial region of the knee between the medial belly of the gastrocnemius muscle and semimembranosus tendon. In adults, these cysts are related to intra-articular lesions, which may consist of meniscal lesions or arthrosis. In children, these cysts are usually found on physical examination or imaging studies, and they generally do not have any clinical relevance. Ultrasound examination is appropriate for identifying and measuring the popliteal cyst. The main treatment approach should focus on the joint lesions, and in most cases there is no need to address the cyst directly. Although almost all knee cysts are benign (Baker's cysts and parameniscal cysts, presence of some signs makes it necessary to suspect malignancy: symptoms disproportionate to the size of the cyst, absence of joint damage (e.g. meniscal tears that might explain the

  13. Hepatic Tuberculosis Mimicking Biliary Cystadenoma: A Radiological Dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajaram Sharma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary involvement of liver in tuberculosis is a rare entity. It is difficult to diagnose in absence of previous history of tuberculosis or concurrent pulmonary involvement. It is usually misdiagnosed as neoplastic liver lesion, which misdirects the treatment protocol and delays proper treatment. Here we are presenting a case of 36-year-old male patient with vague right upper quadrant abdominal pain. All the laboratory values were within normal limits. Radiological investigations were in favor of biliary cystadenoma but final diagnosis was primary focal involvement of liver in tuberculosis which was histopathologically proven to be tuberculous granulomas on biopsy of the resected mass.

  14. A Rare Case of Mediastinal Cyst: Thoracic Duct Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duygu Mergan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Thoracic duct cysts are very rarely observed cysts of the mediastinum. These cysts, which can become established in the costovertebral sulcus or the visceral compartment, have generally been reported at the level of the 10th and 11th vertebrae; however, they can be observed at any location along the ductus [1]. A 37-year-old male patient complained of chest pain for the last 3 months that especially increased after meals. He complained of shortness of breath while walking or going up the stairs, for the last month. The lung graphy showed an increased darkening at a 5x6cm smooth (clean-cut, regular, orderly bordered shadow just behind the heart shadow. The patient%u2019s computed thorax tomography showed a retrocardiac-paravertebral, middle line positioned, 8.5x7x6 cm proportioned, regular bordered, thin walled, homogenous cystic bulk at the subcarinal level. The patient, who could not be relieved with medical treatment, was taken to surgery. The lesion was reached by right posterolateral thoracotomy, and drainage of lymph-containing cystic fluid and excision of the cyst walls were performed by incising the thoracic duct cyst with a mediastinal pleura incision. Mass ligation was then performed to the thoracic duct. We wanted to present our thoracic duct cyst case in this article due to the currently limited number of actual cases reported in the literature.

  15. Choledochal cyst: A review of 79 cases and the role of hepaticodochoduodenostomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Biswanath Mukhopadhyay

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim : To analyze our experience of choledochal cysts. The results of complete excision of cyst and hepaticodochoduodenostomy have been analyzed in particular. Material and Methods : Period of study: January 1993 to August 2010. Apart from basic investigations, we did ultrasonography (USG of abdomen, contrast-enhanced computerized axial tomography scan (CECT, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP, operative cholangiogram, hepatic isotope scan (HIDA, magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatogram (MRCP and choledochoscopy. The patients were divided into six groups according to the management done and the results analyzed. Results : The total number of cases was 79 (Male : Female = 26 : 53. The mean age of presentation was 5.18 years . The most common mode of presentation was abdominal pain in 86% cases. Types of cysts - Type I: 63; Type IV: 12; Forme fruste: 1; Caroli′s disease: 1; Cyst with atresia in the lower end of common bile duct: 2. Two patients of group A (cyst excision and Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy had recurrent pain and cholangitis. One patient required revision for stricture. In group E (n=53 (excision of cyst and hepaticodochoduodenostomy, three patients developed occasional epigastric pain and they responded to omeprazole. One patient developed anastomotic stricture and was lost to follow up. One patient of cyst with biliary atresia with biliary cirrhosis died. Conclusions : In choledochal cyst, complete excision of cyst and good bilioenteric anastomosis with wide stoma should be done. Hepaticodochoduodenostomy with wide stoma is a simple, quick procedure with preservation of normal anatomy and physiology and minimum complications. It also avoids multiple intestinal anastomoses and so should be the preferred approach.

  16. Hydatid cyst of the tibia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madiwale C

    1992-10-01

    Full Text Available A case of hydatid cyst of the tibia, which manifested as a pathologic fracture is being reported. Pain and swelling of left lower limb with inability to bear the weight were the main features. Tender swelling was also noted at the upper and middle third of tibia. Open biopsy revealed the hydatid cyst wall and scolices of Echinococcus granulosus. Albendazole treatment was followed by curettage and bone grafting.

  17. Dentigerous Cyst of Inflammatory Origin

    OpenAIRE

    Shetty, Raghavendra M; Dixit, Uma

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT A dentigerous cyst encloses a crown of an unerupted tooth by its follicle and is attached to the neck of the tooth. They may be of developmental or inflammatory origin. Dentigerous cyst of inflammatory origin occurs in immature tooth as a result of inflammation from preceding non-vital deciduous tooth or from other source spreading to involve the tooth follicle. These are diagnosed in the first and early part of second decade either on routine radiographic examination or when patient...

  18. Hydatid cyst of the neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benhammou, A; Benbouzid, M A; Bencheikh, R; Boulaich, M; Essakali, L; Kzadri, M

    2007-01-01

    Hydatid disease located in the head and neck is uncommon, and hydatid cysts rarely present as a cervical mass. We report an unusual case of primary hydatid cyst arising in the soft tissues of the neck. The clinical presentation was non-specific. The diagnosis was suspected by the radiological findings, and confirmed by histopathology. Characteristics of this rare disease, its diagnostic difficulties, and treatment are discussed.

  19. Lung cysts in chronic paracoccidioidomycosis

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, Andre Nathan; Marchiori, Edson; Benard, Gil; Araujo, Mariana Sponholz; Baldi, Bruno Guedes; Kairalla, Ronaldo Adib; Carvalho, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro

    2013-01-01

    On HRCT scans, lung cysts are characterized by rounded areas of low attenuation in the lung parenchyma and a well-defined interface with the normal adjacent lung. The most common cystic lung diseases are lymphangioleiomyomatosis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. In a retrospective analysis of the HRCT findings in 50 patients diagnosed with chronic paracoccidioidomycosis, we found lung cysts in 5 cases (10%), indicating that patients with paracoccidioidomy...

  20. Lung cysts in chronic paracoccidioidomycosis*

    OpenAIRE

    Costa, André Nathan; Marchiori, Edson; Benard, Gil; Araújo, Mariana Sponholz; Baldi, Bruno Guedes; Kairalla, Ronaldo Adib; Carvalho, Carlos Roberto Ribeiro

    2013-01-01

    On HRCT scans, lung cysts are characterized by rounded areas of low attenuation in the lung parenchyma and a well-defined interface with the normal adjacent lung. The most common cystic lung diseases are lymphangioleiomyomatosis, Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and lymphocytic interstitial pneumonia. In a retrospective analysis of the HRCT findings in 50 patients diagnosed with chronic paracoccidioidomycosis, we found lung cysts in 5 cases (10%), indicating that patients with paracoccidioidomy...

  1. Cyclin d1 expression in odontogenic cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taghavi, Nasim; Modabbernia, Shirin; Akbarzadeh, Alireza; Sajjadi, Samad

    2013-01-01

    In the present study expression of cyclin D1 in the epithelial lining of odontogenic keratocyst, radicular cyst, dentigerous cyst and glandular odontogenic cyst was investigated to compare proliferative activity in these lesions. Immunohistochemical staining of cyclin D1 on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections of odontogenic keratocysts (n=23), dentigerous cysts (n=20), radicular cysts (n=20) and glandular odontogenic cysts (n=5) was performed by standard EnVision method. Then, slides were studied to evaluate the following parameters in epithelial lining of cysts: expression, expression pattern, staining intensity and localization of expression. The data analysis showed statistically significant difference in cyclin D1 expression in studied groups (p cysts were frequently confined in parabasal layer, different from radicular cysts and glandular odontogenic cysts. The difference was statistically significant (p cysts comparing to dentigerous cysts and radicular cysts, implying the possible role of G1-S cell cycle phase disturbances in the aggressiveness of odontogenic keratocyst and glandular odontogenic cyst.

  2. [Choledochal cyst during pregnancy. Report of 3 cases and a literature review].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Ordaz, José Luis; Morales-Camacho, Magdely Yazmin; Centellas-Hinojosa, Sócrates; Román-Ramírez, Eduardo; Romero-Hernández, Teodoro; de la Fuente-Lira, Mauricio

    2016-01-01

    Choledochal cysts are rare. They usually present during childhood in women, but it can also be seen during pregnancy. Clinical signs and symptoms are obscured during this time, thus it can complicate the diagnosis and represent a life threatening complication for both the mother and the child. To communicate the case of 3 pregnant patients with choledochal cyst. Three pregnant women in which choledochal cyst were diagnosed. Two developed signs of cholangitis. The first one underwent a hepatic-jejunostomy, but had an abortion and died on postoperative day 10. The second one had a preterm caesarean operation due to foetal distress and underwent a hepatic-jejunostomy 4 weeks later; during her recovery she had a gastric perforation and died of septic complications. The third one did not develop cholangitis or jaundice. She had an uneventful pregnancy and had a hepatic-jejunostomy 4 weeks later with good results. Management of choledochal cysts during pregnancy is related to the presence of cholangitis. When they do not respond to medical treatment, decompression of the biliary tree is indicated. Definitive treatment should be performed after resolution of the pregnancy. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  3. Spontaneous hygroma in intracranial arachnoid cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agnoli, A.L.

    1984-06-01

    Anamnesis and treatment of two cases of arachnoid cysts extending into the subarachnoid space are described. No traumatic incident was discovered in the previous history of these two patients. The causal genesis of neurological signs of deficiency in patients with arachnoid and acquired cysts is discussed. However, the cause of the development of a subdural hygroma in arachnoid cysts remains unclarified. CT findings of arachnoid cysts with a hypodense zone between brain surface and the vault of the cranium always require an investigation into the possibility of a spontaneous emptying of the cyst or of a congenital and not only localised extension of the cyst itself.

  4. Unusual lesions mimicking impingement syndrome in the shoulder joint - Think medially.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Rohit; Malhotra, Akshay; Cribb, Gillian; Cool, Paul; Hay, Stuart

    2016-09-01

    Impingement syndrome is usually caused by irritation of the rotator cuff within the sub acromial space and this includes the coraco-acromial arch (Acromion and Coraco-acromial ligament), the acromio-clavicular joint and occasionally the coracoid. Iatrogenic causes such as sutures, pins, plates or wires left from previous surgery can cause similar symptoms. We present a series of four cases mimicking "classical" impingement symptoms/signs in which the causal pathology was identified outside the sub-acromial space. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) showed lesions that were present in the supra-spinatus fossa but were causing pressure effects on the sub-acromial space, namely - a ganglion cyst in one case, lipomata in two other cases, and a glomus tumour. A ganglion cyst and glomus tumour mimicking impingement syndrome is a rare reported case to our knowledge. These are unusual causes that should be considered when investigating classical impingement syndrome and particularly those who may have failed to respond to decompression surgery. They highlight the potential value of looking beyond the sub-acromial space for causal lesions and in these cases, at a time when limited ultrasound investigation has become increasingly popular; MRI has clearly played an important and was essential in planning surgery as these lesions would not have been identified on USS. Even though the symptoms were classical.

  5. Vest-over-Pant Method for Closure of Residual Cavity of Liver Hydatid Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saba Behdad

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. Although several therapeutic strategies have proven to be effective for hydatid cyst of liver, but surgery is still the most common therapy despite its morbidity and mortality. Furthermore, a variety of technique has been recommended for managing the residual cavity after cystectomy. We report here a new technical method for the reconstruction of hydatid cyst residual cavity with using overlapping flaps of liver edges (Vest over Pant. Methods. In this technique after removing the cyst, the edges of one side of cyst cavity were sutured to the base of the cavity using three to four mattress sutures, and edges of other side of liver was overlapped on the dorsal part of previous layer using four to five mattress sutures. Therefore residual cavity dead space was obliterated with two surfaces of cavity. Results. Fifty males were treated by our method. The average cyst volume was 423±110 mL. There was no intraabdominal sepsis, bile leakage, or hepatic necrosis. In follow-up ultrasound study, residual cavities were disappeared one month after operation. Conclusion. Overlapping flaps of liver edges (Vest over Pant provides easy, safe closure of cyst with preservation of the liver anatomy.

  6. Hepatitis B

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... are 2 vaccines for hepatitis B on the market. There is 1 combination vaccine on the market for hepatitis A and B together. Vaccination Schedule ... hepatitis B vaccine with no risk to their babies. Resources Products and Publications Hepatitis B Fact Sheets ...

  7. Hepatic and renal manifestations in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: a dichotomy of two ends of a spectrum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gulick, J.J. van; Gevers, T.J.G.; Keimpema, L. van; Drenth, J.P.H.

    2011-01-01

    Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a multisystem disorder. It is the most common genetic cause of end-stage renal disease. One frequent extra-renal manifestation is hepatic cyst formation. The majority of ADPKD patients develop complications as a result of renal cyst

  8. ANEURYSMAL BONE CYST: Report of Four Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Modjtabai

    1966-01-01

    Full Text Available I n this paper pour cases of aneurysmal bone cyst are reported and the different etiological factors considered. We believe that aneurysmal bone cyst disease entity with pathologica radiological and clinical charateristic

  9. Lumbar synovial cysts: experience with nine cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayberk, Giyas; Ozveren, Faik; Gök, Beril; Yazgan, Aylin; Tosun, Hakan; Seçkin, Zekai; Altundal, Naci

    2008-07-01

    Nine patients treated surgically for lumbar spinal synovial cyst were reviewed. Four patients had synovial, two had ganglion, one had posterior longitudinal ligament, and two had ligamentum flavum cyst. Synovial cysts had a single layer of epithelial cells in the inner layer of the cyst with continuity with the facet joint. Ganglion cyst had no continuity with the facet joint and epithelial lining was present in one and absent in one case. Posterior longitudinal ligament and ligamentum flavum cysts had no continuity with the facet joint and no epithelial lining. Magnetic resonance imaging showed the cysts better than computed tomography. All patients treated for nerve root compression or lumbar spinal canal narrowing. One patient suffered recurrence 1 year later and was reoperated. Operative results were excellent in six and good in three patients. Lumbar spinal synovial cysts should be considered in differential diagnosis of lumbar radiculopathy/neurogenic claudication and is surgically treatable.

  10. Evaluation and Treatment of Lumbar Facet Cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boody, Barrett S; Savage, Jason W

    2016-12-01

    Lumbar facet cysts are a rare but increasingly common cause of symptomatic nerve root compression and can lead to radiculopathy, neurogenic claudication, and cauda equina syndrome. The cysts arise from the zygapophyseal joints of the lumbar spine and commonly demonstrate synovial herniation with mucinous degeneration of the facet joint capsule. Lumbar facet cysts are most common at the L4-L5 level and often are associated with spondylosis and degenerative spondylolisthesis. Advanced imaging studies have increased diagnosis of the cysts; however, optimal treatment of the cysts remains controversial. First-line treatment is nonsurgical management consisting of oral NSAIDs, physical therapy, bracing, epidural steroid injections, and/or cyst aspiration. Given the high rate of recurrence and the relatively low satisfaction with nonsurgical management, surgical options, including hemilaminectomy or laminotomy to excise the cyst and decompress the neural elements, are typically performed. Recent studies suggest that segmental fusion of the involved levels may decrease the risks of cyst recurrence and radiculopathy.

  11. Median raphe cyst: report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Piyush; Das, Anupam; Savant, Sushil S; Barkat, Rizwana

    2017-02-15

    Median raphe cysts are rare congenital lesions ofthe male genitalia that occur as a result of alteredembryologic development. We report two such casesof median raphe cysts in the pediatric age group. Inaddition, we review the literature.

  12. Tarlov Cyst: A diagnostic of exclusion

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cyril Andrieux; Pietro Poglia; Pietro Laudato

    2017-01-01

    Tarlov cysts were first described in 1938 as an incidental finding at autopsy. The cysts are usually diagnosed on MRI, which reveals the lesion arising from the sacral nerve root near the dorsal root ganglion...

  13. A huge presacral Tarlov cyst. Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishii, Kazuhiko; Yuzurihara, Masahito; Asamoto, Shunji; Doi, Hiroshi; Kubota, Motoo

    2007-08-01

    Perineural cysts have become a common incidental finding during lumbosacral magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. Only some of the symptomatic cysts warrant treatment. The authors describe the successful operative treatment of a patient with, to the best of their knowledge, the largest perineural cyst reported to date. A 29-year-old woman had been suffering from long-standing constipation and low-back pain. During an obstetric investigation for infertility, the clinician discovered a huge presacral cystic mass. Computed tomography myelography showed the lesion to be a huge Tarlov cyst arising from the left S-3 nerve root and compressing the ipsilateral S-2 nerve. The cyst was successfully treated by ligation of the cyst neck together with sectioning of the S-3 nerve root. Postoperative improvement in her symptoms and MR imaging findings were noted. Identification of the nerve root involved by the cyst wall, operative indication, operative procedure, and treatment of multiple cysts are important preoperative considerations.

  14. Multiple intracranial hydatid cysts: MR findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pumar, J. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Alvarez, M. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Leira, R. [Dept. of Neurology, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Prieto, J.M. [Dept. of Neurology, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Arrojo, L. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Pereira, J. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela (Spain); Vidal, J. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital, Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

    1992-08-01

    Multiple intracranial hydatid cysts are uncommon and usually localized in the supratentorial compartment. We report a case studied by CT and MR of multiple intracranial hydatid cysts scattered in various anatomic sites: supratentorial, infratentorial and also intraventricular. (orig.)

  15. Symptomatic tarlov cyst following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Woo Keun; Cho, Keun-Tae; Hong, Seung-Koan

    2011-08-01

    Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage.

  16. Symptomatic Tarlov Cyst Following Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    OpenAIRE

    Kong, Woo Keun; Cho, Keun-Tae; Hong, Seung-Koan

    2011-01-01

    Most of Tarlov or perineurial cysts remain asymptomatic throughout the patient's life. The pathogenesis is still unclear. Hemorrhage has been suggested as one of the possible causes and trauma with resultant hemorrhage into subarachnoid space has been suggested as an origin of these cysts. However, Tarlov cysts related to spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage has not been reported. The authors report a case of Tarlov cyst which was symptomatic following spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage.

  17. Asymptomatic vallecular cyst: case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuce, Yucel; Uzun, Sennur; Aypar, Ulku

    2013-01-01

    A 56-year-old man presented himself for an intracranial glioblastoma multiforme excision. After being routinely monitored, he was preoxygenated. We induced anesthesia and paralysis with 200 mg propofol, 50 μg fentanyl and 9 mg vecuronium. Direct laryngoscopy with a Macintosh 3 blade revealed a 2x2 cm cyst, pedunculated, arising from the right side of the vallecula preventing the endotracheal intubation. While the patient remained anesthetized, we urgently consulted an otolaryngologist and aspirated the cyst with a 22-gauge needle and syringe under direct laryngoscopy. We aspirated 10 cc of liquid content. This was followed by an uneventful tracheal intubation with a 9.0 enforced spiral cuffed tube. An alternative to fiberoptic intubation may be careful cyst aspiration to facilitate the intubation.

  18. Prenatal diagnosis of arachnoid cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korkut Daglar

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Arachnoid cysts are rare, usually benign, space-occupying central nervous system lesion. They are the results of an accumulation of cerebrospinal-like fluid between the cerebral meninges and diagnosed prenatally as a unilocular, simple, echolucent area within the fetal head. They may be primary (congenital (maldevelopment of the meninges or secondary (acquired (result of infection trauma, or hemorrhage. The primary ones typically dont communicate with the subarachnoid space whereas acquired forms usually communicate. In recent years, with the development of radiological techniques, the clinical detectability of arachnoid cysts seems to have increased. We report a case of primary arachnoid cyst that were diagnosed prenatally by using ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging . [Cukurova Med J 2016; 41(4.000: 792-795

  19. Spontaneous regression of an intraspinal disc cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Demaerel, P.; Eerens, I.; Wilms, G. [University Hospital, Leuven (Belgium). Dept. of Radiology; Goffin, J. [Dept. of Neurosurgery, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium)

    2001-11-01

    We present a patient with a so-called disc cyst. Its location in the ventrolateral epidural space and its communication with the herniated disc are clearly shown. The disc cyst developed rapidly and regressed spontaneously. This observation, which has not been reported until now, appears to support focal degeneration with cyst formation as the pathogenesis. (orig.)

  20. Aneurysmal bone cyst of the rib.

    OpenAIRE

    Sabanathan, S.; K. Chen; Robertson, C. S.; Salama, F D

    1984-01-01

    Aneurysmal bone cysts are uncommon lesions, especially in the ribs. Four patients with aneurysmal bone cysts of the rib are presented and previously reported cases reviewed. A brief discussion of the clinical manifestations, pathology, aetiology, and current treatment of aneurysmal bone cyst is also included.

  1. Degenerative intraspinal cyst of the cervical spine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hidetoshi Nojiri

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available We describe two cases of degenerative intraspinal cyst of the cervical spine that caused a gradually progressive myelopathy. One case had a cyst that arose from the facet joint and the other case had a cyst that formed in the ligamentum flavum. The symptoms improved immediately after posterior decompression by cystectomy with laminoplasty.

  2. Prevalence of cysts in epithelial ovarian cancer.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kolwijck, E.; Lybol, C.; Bulten, J.; Vollebergh, J.H.A.; Wevers, R.A.; Massuger, L.F.A.G.

    2010-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Ovarian carcinomas mostly appear as large cystic masses. However, the exact prevalence of cysts in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has never been documented as well as the tumor factors that are related to the presence of cysts. Demonstrating the prevalence of cysts in EOC is essential

  3. THE PATHOGENESIS OF CEREBRAL GLIOMATOUS CYSTS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    LOHLE, PNM; VERHAGEN, ITHJ; TEELKEN, AW; BLAAUW, EH; GO, KG

    In this study, the authors have examined the mechanism of the formation of tumor cysts. Cyst fluid samples were obtained during surgery and by percutaneous aspiration from 22 patients with cystic cerebral gliomas. The concentration of protein was measured in the cyst fluid and blood plasma. Analysis

  4. Primary hydatid cysts of the pancreas

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Kurt

    Hydatid cysts of the pancreas are rare. The reported incidence varies from 0.1% to 2% of patients with hydatid disease.4-7. Management may be diffi- cult as a hydatid cyst in the head of the pancreas may closely simulate a cystic tumour. In this study we report 4 cases of primary hydatid cysts involving the head of the ...

  5. [Inflammatory paradental cyst. Report of 6 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reichart, P A; Philipsen, H P

    2003-05-01

    The inflammatory paradental cyst has been described as an entity in the WHO classification of odontogenic tumors and cysts (1992). It is mainly located at mandibular molars, in particular third molars of the lower jaw. Radiologically, involved molars show a circumscribed, mostly half-moon shaped translucency distal or distobuccal to the involved tooth. Patients frequently report episodes of infection (pericoronitis). The histological findings are identical to those of inflammatory radicular cysts. The inflammatory paradental cyst has been described infrequently in the international literature. There are no reports available in German. The aim of the present study was to present six of our own cases of inflammatory paradental cysts. Five men and one woman with an average age of 29.5 years were affected. In two cases paradental cysts occurred bilaterally. Three patients reported recurrent previous infections (pericoronitis). Radiologically, the typical translucency with clear demarcation distal to the third molars was observed. All of the third molars were vertically retained. Histologically, the inflammatory paradental cysts showed features identical to those of radicular cysts. The inflammatory paradental cyst is a clear indication for osteotomy of lower wisdom teeth. Postoperative complications or recurrences of the inflammatory paradental cysts have not been described. A correct clinical, radiological, and histopathological diagnosis of paradental cysts is mandatory, and more reports are needed in order to compile more information about relative frequency and pathogenesis of this cyst variant.

  6. Tracheobronchial Amyloidosis Mimicking Tracheal Tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elif Tanrıverdi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Tracheobronchial amyloidosis is a rare presentation and accounts for about 1% of benign tumors in this area. The diagnosis of disease is delayed due to nonspecific pulmonary symptoms. Therapeutic approaches are required to control progressive pulmonary symptoms for most of the patients. Herein, we report a case of a 68-year-old man admitted with progressive dyspnea to our institution for further evaluation and management. He was initially diagnosed with and underwent management for bronchial asthma for two years but had persistent symptoms despite optimal medical therapy. Pulmonary computed tomography scan revealed severe endotracheal stenosis. Bronchoscopy was performed and showed endotracheal mass obstructing 70% of the distal trachea and mimicking a neoplastic lesion. The mass was successfully resected by mechanical resection, argon plasma coagulation (APC, and Nd-YAG laser during rigid bronchoscopy. Biopsy materials showed deposits of amorphous material by hematoxylin and eosin staining and these deposits were selectively stained with Congo Red. Although this is a rare clinical condition, this case indicated that carrying out a bronchoscopy in any patient complaining of atypical bronchial symptoms or with uncontrolled asthma is very important.

  7. Humanlike Robots - Synthetically Mimicking Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bar-Cohen, Yoseph

    2012-01-01

    Nature inspired many inventions and the field of technology that is based on the mimicking or inspiration of nature is widely known as Biomimetics and it is increasingly leading to many new capabilities. There are numerous examples of biomimetic successes including the copying of fins for swimming, and the inspiration of the insects and birds flight. More and more commercial implementations of biomimetics are appearing and behaving lifelike and applications are emerging that are important to our daily life. Making humanlike robots is the ultimate challenge to biomimetics and, for many years, it was considered science fiction, but such robots are becoming an engineering reality. Advances in producing such robot are allowing them to perform impressive functions and tasks. The development of such robots involves addressing many challenges and is raising concerns that are related to fear of their application implications and potential ethical issues. In this paper, the state-of-the-art of humanlike robots, potential applications and challenges will be reviewed.

  8. Liver actinomycosis mimicking liver tumor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ćulafić Đorđe M.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. The liver actinomycosis is a rare disease associated with complex differentiation from the liver metastases or hepatocellular carcinoma. Case report. A 50-year old immunocompetent female patient was admitted to the Surgical Department in an exhausted condition, with dyspnea, significant weight loss and intermittent fever in the recent two months. Diagnostic procedures that followed, including abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography led us to the diagnosis of metastatic liver disease of unknown etiology with pleural and pericardial effusion. Intraoperatively, the presence of liver pseudotumor without malignancy in the liver was confirmed. Histological examination confirmed the diagnosis of liver actinomycosis. Prolonged treatment with high dose penicillin was performed and all signs and symptoms resolved completely without further problems. The control abdominal ultrasound finding was normal. Conclusion. Liver actinomycosis has a nonspecific presentation, often mimicking liver tumor. A timely diagnosis as well as a combined surgical and antibiotic therapy is necessary in the treatment of patients with primary disease and prevention of complications.

  9. Characterization of complex renal cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graumann, Ole; Osther, Susanne Sloth; Osther, Palle Jörn Sloth

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Objective. Complex renal cysts represent a major clinical problem, since it is often difficult to exclude malignancy. The Bosniak classification system, based on computed tomography (CT), is widely used to categorize cystic renal lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate critically...... available data on the Bosniak classification. Material and methods. All publications from an Entrez Pubmed search were reviewed, focusing on clinical applicability and the use of imaging modalities other than CT to categorize complex renal cysts. Results. Fifteen retrospective studies were found. Most...

  10. Dentigerous cyst of inflammatory origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Bianca Zimmermann; Beltrame, Ana Paula; Bolan, Michele; Grando, Liliane Janete; Cordeiro, Mabel Mariela Rodríguez

    2014-01-01

    There is an association between persistent, prolonged inflammation of a primary tooth and the development of an inflammatory dentigerous cyst involving the succedaneous tooth. The purpose of this case report is to describe the management of an inflammatory dentigerous cyst of the permanent maxillary left central incisor in a nine-year-old boy caused by a long-term inflammation/infection of its predecessor. The treatment consisted of conservative decompression, which allowed for rapid healing and the eruption of the permanent tooth. The patient was followed up with periodic clinical and radiographic evaluations for several years.

  11. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čolović Radoje

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphoepithelial cysts of the pancreas are very rare with less than 35 cases described in the literature. A 49-year old male with a cystic tumor in the tail of the pancreas of 8 cm in diameter discovered during the investigation for mild pain in the upper abdomen was presented. The tumor was easily removed during the open surgery. It contained yellowish dense pus-like fluid whose culture remained sterile. Histology showed the lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas. Postoperative recovery was uneventful and preoperative pain disappeared. Eight and a half years later, he died due to complications after orthopedic surgery of the spine.

  12. Ameloglastic fibro-odontoma with a change of calcifying odontogenic cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kwon, Hyuk Rok; Han, Jin Woo; Lee, Jin Ho; Choi, Hang Moon; Park, In Woo; Lee, Suk Keun [Kangnung National Univ., Kangnung (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-09-15

    Thirteen-year-old girl complaining of the swelling and pain on the left midface visited our dental hospital. On the radiographic examination, well-defined radiolucent lesion with hyperostotic border was found in the left maxilla accompanying with the external root resorption of the involved teeth and the displaced second molar. CT showed calcified bodies, thinning of hard palate, inferior orbital wall and lateral wall of nasal fossa, and thinning and perforation of the buccal plate of the maxilla. Enucleation and curettage of the lesion and nasoantrostomy was carried out and histopathologic examination mainly showed a solid tumor tissue composed of odontogenic epithelium and pulp tissues admixed with dentin and enamel formation. And some part of reduced follicular epithelium of tooth germ showed a change mimicking calcifying odontogenic cyst. Taken together, we concluded the lesion is an ameloblastic fibro-odontoma with as change of calcifying odontogenic cyst.

  13. Percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilatation of the hepaticojejunal anastomosis for the definitive treatment of the intrahepatic bile duct stones occurring in choledochal cysts excised children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osman Z. Karakuş

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Cyst excision with hepaticojejunostomy is the well defined standard treatment for choledochal cysts. Intra or extrahepatic bile duct stone formation are serious complications observed in long-term follow-up after hepaticojejunostomy. Revision of hepaticojejunostomy is the most defined treatment of intra or extrahepatic bile duct stones secondary to hepaticojejunal anastomotic stenosis. We report two cases of common hepatic duct and/or intrahepatic bile duct stones that developed after hepatico-jejunostomy for choledochal cyst resection, that were treated with percutaneous transhepatic balloon dilatation of the hepaticojejunal anastomotic stenosis. During percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography a catheter was passed through the hepaticojejunal anastomotic stenosis and the hepatic duct-jejunal anastomotic junction was dilated with a balloon. The common hepatic duct stone and intrahepatic bile duct stones thus passed to the jejunum following the dilatation. The patients recovered uneventfully and are free of stones.

  14. Hepatitis A

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis A, is caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The disease spreads through contact with ... washed in untreated water Putting into your mouth a finger or object that came into contact with ...

  15. Hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Weight loss Confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy) Spider-like blood vessels on your skin (spider angiomas) Every chronic hepatitis C infection starts with an acute phase. ...

  16. Hepatic Encephalopathy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Hepatic Encephalopathy Treatment Options Treatment Basics Treatment Medications Importance of Adhering to Your Treatment Plan Long-Term ... disease is. It’s important for you and your family to become familiar with the signs of Hepatic ...

  17. Hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... especially important for people who are showing signs liver fibrosis or scarring. Medicines used to treat hepatitis C ... Association for the Study of Liver Diseases. Diagnosis, management, and treatment of hepatitis C: an update. Hepatology . ...

  18. Hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Doctors treat hepatitis C with antiviral medicines that attack the virus and can cure the disease in most cases. ... Doctors treat hepatitis C with antiviral medicines that attack the virus. You may need to take medicines for 12 ...

  19. Presternal subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst in adolescence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moon, Sung Mo; Lee, Sang Min; Kang, Haeyoun; Choi, Hye Jeong

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Subcutaneous bronchogenic cysts have been described rarely, particularly among adolescents. Only a few reports have described the ultrasonographic features of bronchogenic cysts, characterizing them as nonspecific cystic masses with or without internal echogenic foci or debris. Therefore, it is hard to differentiate subcutaneous bronchogenic cysts from other subcutaneous cystic tumors ultrasonographically. We report a case of presternal subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst in an 18-year-old man with unusual ultrasonographic findings. Ultrasonography revealed a small, oval, cystic mass containing a well-circumscribed, heterogeneously hypoechoic, egg-shaped lesion in the dependent portion of the mass within the subcutaneous fat layer overlying the sternum. Surgical excision was performed, and the cystic mass was diagnosed as a bronchogenic cyst. On pathological examination, the internal, heterogeneously hypoechoic, ball-like lesion was found to be mucous material within the cyst. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a presternal subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst presenting with a ball-like lesion inside of the cyst. This unusual ultrasonographic feature can be a clue to the diagnosis of subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst. In conclusion, if an anechoic cyst containing an internal, well-circumscribed, hypoechoic ball-like lesion is seen in the presternal subcutaneous fat layer, subcutaneous bronchogenic cyst should be considered in the differential diagnosis of subcutaneous cystic masses. PMID:28151916

  20. Salivary Duct Cyst: Histo-pathologic Correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divya Vinayachandran

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-neoplastic cysts of the salivary glands are uncommon and represent 2-5% of all salivary gland lesions. They are mainly mucoceles or salivary duct cysts. Unlike a mucocele, which is surrounded by granulation tissue, the salivary duct cyst is lined by epithelium. Salivary duct cysts are more common in the oral minor salivary glands and rarely occur in the major salivary glands, show a marked predilection for the superficial lobe of the parotid, and represent 10% of all salivary gland cysts. Neoplastic differentiation of the lining of the salivary duct cyst has been reported. We report a case of a salivary duct cyst of the left parotid gland, with a review of radiographic and histopathologic features.

  1. Chylous mesenteric cyst: A diagnostic dilemma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doreen L.P. Lee

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available A mesenteric cyst is defined as a cyst that is located in the mesentery of the gastrointestinal tract and may extend from the base of the mesentery into the retroperitoneum. A case report of a patient with mesenteric cyst is presented. In addition, a systematic review was performed of English language literature on chylous mesenteric cysts in adult humans. Of the 18 articles included in the review, there were 19 cases of chylous mesenteric cysts reported. Male to female ratio was 1.4:1 with a median age of 46 years. A preoperative diagnosis of mesenteric cyst was made in four patients based on computed tomography. All patients underwent surgery and there were no reports of recurrence on follow up. Chylous mesenteric cyst is a rare entity that needs to be recognized whenever a preliminary diagnosis of intra-abdominal cystic mass is made.

  2. Symptomatic Tarlov cyst: report and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiyabud, Pradit; Suwanpratheep, Kitti

    2006-07-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are nerve root cysts found most commonly at the sacral spine level arising between covering layers of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The cysts are relatively rare and most of them are asymptomatic. Some Tarlov cysts can exert pressure on nerve elements resulting in pain, radiculopathy and even multiple radiculopathy of cauda equina. There is no consensus on the appropriate therapeutic options of Tarlov cysts. The authors present a case of two sacral cysts diagnosed with magnetic resonance imaging. The initial symptoms were low back pain and sciatica and progressed to cauda equina syndrome. Surgical treatment was performed by sacral laminectomy and wide cyst fenestration. The neurological deficits were recovered and had not recurred after a follow-up period of nine months. The literature was reviewed and discussed. This is the first reported case in Thailand.

  3. New insights about suprapatellar cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Crnkovic

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available bursa is located between the quadriceps tendon and femur, and it develops before the birth as a separate synovial compartment proximal to the knee joint. By the fifth month of fetal life there is a suprapatellar septum between the knee joint cavity and suprapatellar bursa which later perforates and involutes in a way that a normal communication between the cavity of bursa and knee is established. A small portion of the embrionic septum can later lag as more or less expressed suprapatellar plica. In case when suprapatellar plica has a small communication with valve mechanism or in case of complete septum, bursa becomes a separate compartment and potential location for the suprapatellar cyst development. Magnetic resonance imaging is recognised as the gold standard in diagnosis of knee cysts because of its ability to show cystic nature of the lesion, its relationship with other anatomic structures, as well as to establish whether other knee pathologies are present. Considering treatment possibilities, majority of cysts around the knee resolve spontaneously and should be treated by aspiration and application of corticosteroids. Suprapatellar cyst is a very rare knee pathology and it can in some occasions be treated using open or arthroscopic surgery.

  4. cyst nematode in tiaret a

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    F. Labdelli

    1 sept. 2017 ... [21] Brown R.H., Meagher J.W. & Mc Swain N.K. - Chemical control of the cereal cyst nematode (Heterodera avenae) in the Victorian Mallee. Asutralian Journal of Experimental. Agricllture and Animal Husbandry, 1970, 10: 172-173. [22] Brown R.H.; & Pye D.L. - The Effect of Nematicide application and time ...

  5. The expression of cytokeratin in keratocystic odontogenic tumor, orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst, dentigerous cyst, radicular cyst and dermoid cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Kaname; Wato, Masahiro; Hayashi, Teruyoshi; Yasuda, Norihiro; Matsushita, Takumi; Ito, Tomohiko; Gamoh, Shoko; Yoshida, Hiroaki; Tanaka, Akio; Morita, Shosuke

    2014-09-01

    The epithelial lining of odontogenic keratocysts exhibits either parakeratosis or orthokeratosis. In 2005, the WHO classified odontogenic keratocysts with parakeratosis as keratocystic odontogenic tumors (KCOT). Odontogenic keratocysts with orthokeratosis were not classified as odontogenic tumors, but instead referred to as orthokeratinized odontogenic cysts (OOC). To clarify the difference between these two lesions, we investigated their biological characteristics using immunohistochemical studies for cytokeratins (CK) in KCOT and OOC as well as in dentigerous cysts (DC), radicular cysts (RC) and dermoid cysts (DMC). We examined twenty-five cases of KCOT, fifteen cases each of OOC, DC and RC, and ten cases of DMC. We studied the immunohistochemical expression of CK10, 13, 17 and 19. To evaluate the immunohistochemical staining pattern, we divided the epithelial lining of the lesions into three layers (surface layer: su, spinous layer: sp, basal layer: ba). For CK10, most OOC and DMC specimens of su and sp were positive. For CK13 and 19, most KCOT, DC and RC specimens of su and sp were positive. For CK17, most KCOT specimens of su and sp were positive. The percentages of total CK expression of su and sp, and ba of CK19 differed significantly between the lesions (P < 0.001). These results support the hypothesis that OOC originate from not the odontogenic apparatus, but the oral epithelial component.

  6. Glossal cysts in four infants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harari, M D; Clezy, J K; Sharp, E

    1987-01-01

    Cysts at the base of the tongue causing stridor may be fatal if they are not recognised and treated. Digital palpation along the surface of the tongue to the epiglottis is a useful diagnostic method. An operative technique that might avoid the need for tracheostomy is described. PMID:3688924

  7. Hepatitis C: Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Public Home » Hepatitis C » Hepatitis C Treatment Viral Hepatitis Menu Menu Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Home For ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Hepatitis C Treatment for Veterans and the Public Treatment ...

  8. Alcohol and Hepatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Home » Living with Hepatitis » Daily Living: Alcohol Viral Hepatitis Menu Menu Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Home For ... heavy drinking, most heavy drinkers have developed cirrhosis. Hepatitis C and cirrhosis In general, someone with hepatitis ...

  9. [Lupus hepatitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ben Hadj, Yahia Chiraz; Chaabouni, Lilia; Montacer, Kchir Mohamed; Abid, Feriel; Zouari, Rafik

    2002-07-01

    We report the case of 42 year-old man who presents an acute polyarthritis associated with systemic manifestation and immunologic disorders related to systemic lupus erythematosus. Hepatic tests show cholostase and cytolysis. Hepatic involvement is linked with systemic lupus erythematosus after exclusion of hepatotoxic drugs, viral hepatitis and absence of anti mitochondrial and anti muscle antibodies. Lupus hepatitis seems to be correlated with autoantibodies to ribosomal P protein. Its treatment remains to be defined.

  10. A study of cysts in the oral region. Cysts of the jaw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, T; Ishida, J; Nakano, Y; Ishii, T; Fukumoto, M; Izumi, H; Kaneko, K

    1995-03-01

    Clinical cases of cysts of the jaw treated in the Department of Oral Surgery of our university during the 10 y between 1980 and 1989 were studied clinically. Patients with radicular cyst, dentigerous cyst, odontogenic keratocyst and postoperative maxillary cyst, which were found at relatively high frequencies, were further analyzed with regard to age, sex and anatomical distribution. A diagnosis of cyst was established in 1,444 patients during the above period, and 1,234 (85.5%) of them had cysts of the jaw. According to a pathological classification by Ishikawa's method, these patients included 509 (41.2%) with radicular cyst, 259 (27.0%) with dentigerous cyst, 95 (7.7%) with odontogenic keratocyst and 267 (21.6%) with postoperative maxillary cyst. The pattern of age distribution in cases of radicular cyst, odontogenic keratocyst and postoperative maxillary cyst was similar to that found in previous studies. Among patients with dentigerous cyst, those aged under 20 y accounted for about 60%. Radicular cyst occurred most frequently in the maxillary lateral incisors, dentigerous cyst in the mandibular wisdom teeth, and odontogenic keratocyst in the region between the mandibular molar and the ramus of the mandible.

  11. Non-neoplastic mediastinal cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zambudio, Antonio Ríos; Lanzas, Juan Torres; Calvo, María José Roca; Fernández, Pedro J Galindo; Paricio, Pascual Parrilla

    2002-11-01

    The non-neoplastic mediastinal cysts (NNMCs) form a group of uncommon benign lesions of a congenital origin. The significant controversy regarding these cysts is whether to manage with observation or surgical resection. The aim of this study is to analyse the utility of thoracic computed axial tomography (CT) in imaging diagnosis of the NNMCs and the results of surgery in these lesions. Twenty NNMCs underwent surgery between 1980 and 2000. The preoperative study of mediastinal cystic masses includes a complete blood test, chest radiography (CR) and, for the last 15 years, a thoracic CT and/or nuclear magnetic resonance. All the patients underwent surgery in our thoracic surgery department and were reviewed in outpatients at 1 month, 6 months, 1 year and biannually thereafter. The form of manifestation, clinical features, imaging techniques, surgical operation, morbidity, mortality and follow-up are analysed. Ten corresponded to bronchogenic cysts, the most common symptom of which was chest pain. CR showed a mass in the anterior-superior mediastinum in nine cases, and CT (five cases) revealed a cystic tumour in the anterior mediastinum. All were removed surgically, with three patients presenting with mild complications. Seven corresponded to pleuro-pericardial cysts, four being asymptomatic. CR showed a right paracardial mediastinal tumour, which was confirmed by CT (four cases). All were removed surgically, with two patients presenting with mild complications. Three corresponded to enteric cysts. CR showed a tumour in the posterior mediastinum, with CT confirming its cystic nature (two cases). Excision of the cyst was done in all cases, which corresponded to duplication cysts: two oesophageal and one gastric. All the patients are asymptomatic and recurrence-free after a follow-up of 11 +/- 10 years. NNMCs are benign lesions in which the lesions in which the surgery can be done with a low morbidity and mortality rate, enables us to rule out malignancy and offers a

  12. Hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... an inflammation of the liver. One type, hepatitis C, is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). It usually spreads through contact with ... childbirth. Most people who are infected with hepatitis C don't have any symptoms for years. If ...

  13. Hepatic lesions in 90 captive nondomestic felids presented for autopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernard, J M; Newkirk, K M; McRee, A E; Whittemore, J C; Ramsay, E C

    2015-03-01

    Hepatic lesions in nondomestic felids are poorly characterized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate hepatic lesions in 90 captive, nondomestic felids including tigers, cougars, and lions. Hepatic lesions were histologically characterized as vacuolar change (lipidosis or glycogenosis), biliary cysts, biliary hyperplasia, hepatitis, necrosis, neoplasia, fibrosis, veno-occlusive disease, cholestasis, hematoma, congestion, or hemorrhage. Stepwise logistic regression analyses were performed for vacuolar change, benign biliary lesions, hepatitis, lipogranulomas, extramedullary hematopoiesis, and hepatic stellate cell hypertrophy and hyperplasia, with species as the outcome variable. Ninety cats met the inclusion criteria. Seventy livers (78%) contained 1 or more lesions. Hepatocellular vacuolar change (41/90 [46%]) was the most common lesion overall. Extramedullary hematopoiesis, lipogranulomas, and hepatic stellate cell hyperplasia were also common. One snow leopard had veno-occlusive disease. Tigers were more likely than other felids to have no significant hepatic histologic lesions (odds ratio [OR], 12.687; P = .002), and lions were more likely to have biliary cysts (OR, 5.97; P = .021). Six animals (7%) died of hepatic disease: cholangiocellular carcinoma (n = 2) and 1 each of hepatic lipidosis, hepatocellular necrosis, pyogranulomatous hepatitis, and suppurative cholecystitis. Hepatocellular iron and copper accumulations were present in 72 of 90 (80%) and 10 of 90 (11%) sections, respectively. Sinusoidal fibrosis was common (74/90 [82%]) and primarily centrilobular (65/74 [88%]). Hepatocellular iron, copper, and fibrosis were not significantly associated with hepatic lesions. Primary hepatic disease was not a common cause of death in nondomestic felids in this study. © The Author(s) 2014.

  14. Elevated cystatin C: is it a reflection for kidney or liver impairment in hepatic children?

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sayed, Behairy; El-Araby, Hanaa; Adawy, Nermin; Hassona, Mona; El-Nady, Naglaa; Zakaria, Haidy; Khedr, Mohammed

    2017-09-01

    To assess if elevated serum cystatin C (Cyst-C) is an indicator for renal or hepatic dysfunction in presence of liver fibrosis. Data of 50 children with chronic liver diseases (CLDs), out of which 25 were without renal impairment, and 25 with renal impairment were analyzed. Twenty healthy children served as a healthy control group. Routine investigations, creatinine clearance, hepatitis viral markers, abdominal ultrasonography, and liver biopsy were performed for patients with CLDs. Measurement of serum Cyst-C concentration by particle induced immunonephelometry were completed for both patients and control group. Results showed that serum Cyst-C is not correlated with the degree of hepatic impairment ( p > 0.05). Cyst-C levels were significantly higher in patients with renal impairment (3.66 ± 0.85) than those without (0.71 ± 0.12), and healthy control group (0.63 ± 0.85). Cystatin-C showed significant elevation in patients with severe fibrosis with renal impairment (3.66 ± 0.85) than those without (0.76 ± 0.04) ( p impairment. Cyst-C > 2.34 mg/l predicting GFR 2.73 mg/l predicting GFR impairment in children with CLDs. Further studies are needed to estimate the accuracy of serum Cyst-C for early detection of renal impairment and close monitoring of the hepatic children.

  15. Prenatal and postnatal sonographic findings of uncomplicated ovarian cysts: 'Daughter cyst' sign

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rhee, Chang Soo; Kim, Mi Jeong; Lee, Jin Hee; Kim, Hun; Lee, Hee Jung; Shon, Chul Ho; Lee, Sung Moon; Kim, Jung Sik; Kim, Hong; Woo, Seung Koo [Keimyung University School of Medicine, Taegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-03-15

    To compare pre- and postnatal sonographic findings of ovarian cysts in neonates and to present a 'daughter cyst' sign for uncomplicated ovarian cysts. The study group consisted of six cases of neonatal ovarian cysts which were evaluated by both prenata (mean, IUP 36 weeks+3 days) and postnatal(mean, 2 days after birth) ultrasound studies. Two ovarian cysts were confirmed by surgery and the remaining four were clinically diagnosed. Postnatal sonography was prospectively evaluated and prenatal ultrasound scans were retrospectively evaluated. The size, contents, and wall thickness of the cyst were evaluated. We also analyzed presence or absence of a 'daughter cyst' , defined as a small cyst surrounded by a complete wall, protruding into the cyst lumen or along the cyst wall. Pathologic correlation of the daughter cyst was performed in two cases. The mean sizes of the ovarian cysts were 59.6 X 46.1 mm on prenatal and 73.0 X 49.2 mm on postnatal studies. Five were anechoic and thin walled cysts on both pre- and postnatal studies. One case revealed debris in the cyst lumen on prenatal study but was completely involuted on postnatal study. All six were unilocular in shape. The 'daughter cyst' sign was seen in two on prenatal and in four (80%) on postnatal studies. The 'daughter cyst' on sonography was corresponded to a follicle on pathology. The 'daughter cyst' sign appeared to be helpful for the diagnosis of neonatal ovarian cyst on both pre- and postnatal ultrasound studies.

  16. Giant Cell Reparative Granuloma Mimicking Aneurysmal Bone Cyst in Proximal Phalanx of Toe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huan CM

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Giant Cell Reparative Granuloma (GCRG of phalanx is uncommon. It is a benign osteolytic lesion but can be locally aggressive. GCRG has certain radiology and histological features that are similar to other giant cell lesions of the bone. We present a case report of a young patient with giant cell reparative granuloma of proximal phalanx of left third toe. The bone lesion was successfully treated surgically.

  17. A giant hydronephrotic pelvic kidney mimicking an ovarian cyst in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-28

    Jun 28, 2016 ... International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research. Volume 5 Issue 2 May – August 2016 ... A high index of suspicion is required and further imaging other than ultrasound scan such as computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging may be necessary to make accurate diagnosis.

  18. Femoral mesenchymal chondrosarcoma with secondary aneurysmal bone cysts mimicking a small-cell osteosarcoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amukotuwa, Shalini A. [St. Vincent' s Hospital, Melbourne (Australia); Choong, Peter F.M.; Powell, Gerard J. [St. Vincent' s Hospital, Department of Orthopaedics, Melbourne (Australia); Smith, Peter J.; Schlicht, Stephen M. [St. Vincent' s Hospital, Department of Medical Imaging, Melbourne (Australia); Thomas, David [Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre, Ian Potter Centre for Cancer Genomics and Predictive Medicine, Melbourne (Australia)

    2006-05-15

    Mesenchymal chondrosarcoma is a rare but aggressive, high-grade malignancy of primitive cartilage-forming mesenchyme that arises most commonly from skeletal sites. Although there are radiological findings suggestive of the diagnosis, imaging features often overlap with those of other skeletal sarcomas. The definitive diagnosis relies on the histological finding of a typical bimorphic appearance, consisting of nests of small, round, poorly differentiated cells and more mature cartilaginous tissue. To highlight this, we present the case of a 21-year-old man who was referred to our institution with a history of right knee pain. Initial imaging and histological evaluation of a core biopsy of the lesion suggested osteosarcoma of the distal right femur; after review, however, the correct diagnosis of mesenchymal chondrosarcoma was made. Adequate tissue sampling and thorough histological evaluation of biopsy specimens is vital for the accurate diagnosis of primary bone malignancies, especially those of chondroid origin. (orig.)

  19. A giant hydronephrotic pelvic kidney mimicking an ovarian cyst in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-06-28

    Jun 28, 2016 ... B.B1, Anorlu R.I1. 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, University of Lagos, Lagos,. Nigeria. 2Department of Obstetrics and .... involvement of an experienced sonologist to making accurate diagnosis in the advanced stage of pregnancy. Further imaging such as computerized.

  20. Huge aneurysmal bone cyst mimicking a kidney tumor: Case report and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salah Termos

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: ABC can mimic renal cell carcinoma and other malignant bone tumors. In huge tumors with a difficult location as in our case, we recommend a two stage procedure for huge tumors to ensure a complete resection and hence lower recurrence rate and better outcome.

  1. Ruptured Hemorrhagic Cyst of Undescended Ovary Mimicking Mucocele: A Rare Pediatric Case

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer Sekmenli

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Undescended ovary is a rare entity and usually presentedas a case report. It is associated with urinary and uterine anomalies. Symptomatic patients are diagnosed during surgery. Most of the patients are asymptomatic and treatment is unnecessary. They are incidentally diagnosed during infertility evaluation and treatment such as ovarian hyperstimulation studies. A 15-year-old female patient presented with the diagnosis of renal cystic massas identifiedduring ultrasonography in another hospital. Abdominal computedtomography image was requested. A cystic lesion of about 48×34 mm with well-defined borders associated with the appendix and probably with mucocele of the appendix was reported in the lower right abdominal quadrant close to the cecum. During exploration, the right ovary was seen to be attached to the cecum and was higher in position as well as a right ovary originated cystic structure of 5×5 cm.Using needle aspiration,intraovarian hemorrhage was confirmed and partial cystectomy was performed. The present study reports on an undescended ovary that hadacute abdomen symptoms imitating mucocele. In girls referring to the hospital with abdominal pain, although quite rare, undescended ovaries are to be also considered. As the incidence of renal and uterine anomalies is higher in suchpatients, in symptomatic cases relevant organs are to be investigated carefully during surgical intervention.

  2. Predictive factors of morbidity after surgical treatment of hepatic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-10-12

    Oct 12, 2012 ... 1Department of Surgery "A" Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Tunisia, 2Department of Gastroenterology, Charles Nicolle Hospital, ... study consisted of independent predictors of disease at the site of the liver dome, the cysto-biliary fistula and intrabiliary rupture of hepatic hydatid cyst.

  3. Gastric Duplication Cyst: A Rare Congenital Disease Often Misdiagnosed in Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jessica Falleti

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Gastrointestinal duplication is a rare congenital disease which affected more commonly the ileum, while the stomach is rarely involved. Generally diagnosed in paediatric or young age, it could be difficult to suspect a gastrointestinal duplication in adults. Herein, we report a 55-year-old male with a gastric duplication cyst found on routinely checkup for chronic hepatitis and first misdiagnosed as a gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST; we also discuss its embryology.

  4. SPECT in the diagnosis of hepatic hemangioma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brunetti, J.C.; Van Heertum, R.L.; Yudd, A.P.

    1985-05-01

    Tc99m labeled red blood cell blood flow and delayed static blood pool imaging is widely accepted as a reliable, accurate method for the diagnosis of hepatic hemangiomata. The purpose of this study is to assess the relative value of SPECT blood pool imaging in the evaluation of hepatic hemangionata. A total of 68 patients, including 21 patients with proven hepatic cavernous hemangiomas, were studied using both planar and SPECT imaging techniques. All patients underwent multi-phase evaluation which included a hepatic flow study, immediate planar images of the liver, followed by a 360/sup 0/ tomographic (SPECT) study and subsequent 60 minute delayed static planar hepatic blood pool images. All 21 patients with proven hepatic hemangiomas had a positive SPECT exam and 17 of the 21 (81%) patients had a positive planar exam. In the 21 patients, there were a total of 36 hemangiomas ranging in size from .7 cm to 13 cm. The SPECT imaging technique correctly identified all 36 lesions (100%) where as planar imaging detected 25 of the 36 lesions (69.4%). In all the remaining patients (10-normal, 17-metastatic disease, 12-hepatocellular disease, 6-hepatoma, 2-liver cysts), both the planar and SPECT imaging techniques were interpreted as showing no evidence of focal sequestration of red blood cells. SPECT hepatic blood pool imaging represents an improvement in the evaluation of hepatic hemangioma as a result of a reduction in imaging time (less than thirty minutes), improved spatial resolution and greater overall accuracy.

  5. Hypoksisk hepatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amadid, Hanan; Schiødt, Frank Vinholt

    2014-01-01

    Hypoxic hepatitis (HH), also known as ischaemic hepatitis or shock liver, is an acute liver injury caused by hepatic hypoxia. Cardiac failure, respiratory failure and septic shock are the main underlying conditions. In each of these conditions, several haemodynamic mechanisms lead to hepatic...... hypoxia. A shock state is observed in only 50% of cases. Thus, shock liver and ischaemic hepatitis are misnomers. HH can be a diagnostic pitfall but the diagnosis can be established when three criteria are met. Prognosis is poor and prompt identification and treatment of the underlying conditions...

  6. Ovarian cysts in dairy cattle: a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kesler, D J; Garverick, H A

    1982-11-01

    Ovarian cysts in dairy cattle are generally defined as follicular structures of at least 2.5 cm in diameter that persist for at least 10 d in the absence of a corpus luteum. The incidence of ovarian cysts has been reported to be from 6 to 19% and, therefore, cystic ovarian disease is a serious cause of reproductive failure in dairy cattle. There have been several different hypotheses about the cause of ovarian cysts. After monitoring postpartum cows that spontaneously developed ovarian cysts and postpartum cows with or without ovarian cysts administered estradiol benzoate, the authors have suggested that postpartum ovarian cysts developed when the hypothalamus and pituitary appeared to be less responsive in releasing luteinizing hormone (LH) under the influence of estradiol. Spontaneous reestablishment of ovarian cycles occurred in about 60% of the cows that developed ovarian cysts before the first postpartum ovulation. In contrast, only about 20% of the cows that developed ovarian cysts after the first postpartum ovulation spontaneously reestablished ovarian cycles. The authors have also reported that even if ovarian cycles are not reestablished, ovarian cysts may regress, but only in the presence of follicular development, which subsequently develops into ovarian cysts. Investigators have shown that 40 to 80% of the cows with ovarian cysts reestablished ovarian cycles following treatment with products high in LH activity. Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH), which stimulates reestablishment of ovarian cysts in about 80% of the cows treated, has more recently been recommended as a treatment for ovarian cysts. The GnRH-induced LH surge appears to stimulate luteinization of the ovarian cyst wall. Cows then exhibit estrus about 21 d following GnRH treatment. The conception rate at the first estrus after GnRH treatment has been reported to be 40 to 50%. The interval from GnRH treatment to estrus has been reduced by administering prostaglandin F2 alpha (PGF2 alpha) 9

  7. Large presacral epidermoid cyst in an asymptomatic woman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyosuke Izumi, MD

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available An epidermoid cyst is an infrequent entity among cysts found in the presacral region, frequently coexistent with a meningocele. Diffusion-weighted imaging is known to be a useful diagnostic measure for differentiating presacral epidermoid cysts. Here, we present a large but asymptomatic case found in the presacral region. Epidermoid cysts should be considered in patients with presacral cysts.

  8. Histopathology of Synovial Cysts of the Spine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chebib, Ivan; Chang, Connie Y; Schwab, Joseph H; Kerr, Darcy A; Deshpande, Vikram; Nielsen, G Petur

    2018-01-04

    Cystic lesions derived from the synovial and ligamentous structures of the spine have varied histologic appearances. Not uncommonly, there is discrepancy between the clinico-radiologic diagnosis and histology. Therefore, we sought to characterize the histologic features of tissue submitted as "synovial cysts" of the spine. Resected specimens of the spine labeled "synovial cysts" and "lumbar cysts" were histologically evaluated and classified based on histopathologic features. 75 histologic samples of spinal cysts were identified. 31 were classified as synovial cysts (definite synovial lining), 28 showed pseudocystic degeneration of the ligamentum flavum, 7 showed pseudocyst formation without evidence of synovial lining or degeneration of the ligamentum flavum, 8 showed cyst contents only or no histologic evidence of cyst wall for evaluation. Twenty-five cases (33%), especially those showing pseudocystic degeneration of the ligamentum flavum were associated with very characteristic tumor calcinosis-like calcium deposition with surrounding foreign-body giant cell reaction. Histology of "synovial cysts" of the spine shows varied types of cysts; a large proportion are not synovial lined cysts but rather show pseudocystic degenerative changes of the ligamentum flavum often associated with very characteristic finely granular calcifications and foreign body giant cell reaction. This may have implications, not only in understanding the pathogenesis of these lesions, but also in their varied response to non-surgical interventions. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  9. Macrophage polarization differs between apical granulomas, radicular cysts, and dentigerous cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weber, Manuel; Schlittenbauer, Tilo; Moebius, Patrick; Büttner-Herold, Maike; Ries, Jutta; Preidl, Raimund; Geppert, Carol-Immanuel; Neukam, Friedrich W; Wehrhan, Falk

    2018-01-01

    Apical periodontitis can appear clinically as apical granulomas or radicular cysts. There is evidence that immunologic factors are involved in the pathogenesis of both pathologies. In contrast to radicular cysts, the dentigerous cysts have a developmental origin. Macrophage polarization (M1 vs M2) is a main regulator of tissue homeostasis and differentiation. There are no studies comparing macrophage polarization in apical granulomas, radicular cysts, and dentigerous cysts. Forty-one apical granulomas, 23 radicular cysts, and 23 dentigerous cysts were analyzed in this study. A tissue microarray (TMA) of the 87 consecutive specimens was created, and CD68-, CD11c-, CD163-, and MRC1-positive macrophages were detected by immunohistochemical methods. TMAs were digitized, and the expression of macrophage markers was quantitatively assessed. Radicular cysts are characterized by M1 polarization of macrophages while apical granulomas show a significantly higher degree of M2 polarization. Dentigerous cysts have a significantly lower M1 polarization than both analyzed periapical lesions (apical granulomas and radicular cysts) and accordingly, a significantly higher M2 polarization than radicular cysts. Macrophage cell density in dentigerous cysts is significantly lower than in the periapical lesions. The development of apical periodontitis towards apical granulomas or radicular cysts might be directed by macrophage polarization. Radicular cyst formation is associated with an increased M1 polarization of infiltrating macrophages. In contrast to radicular cysts, dentigerous cysts are characterized by a low macrophage infiltration and a high degree of M2 polarization, possibly reflecting their developmental rather than inflammatory origin. As M1 polarization of macrophages is triggered by bacterial antigens, these results underline the need for sufficient bacterial clearance during endodontic treatment to prevent a possible M1 macrophage-derived stimulus for radicular cyst

  10. Case Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Hydatid disease may occur in any organ of the human body, but an isolated retrovesical hydatid. (RVH) cyst is rare. We report two cases of isolated RVH cyst - one mimicking an ovarian cyst, the other presenting as acute urinary retention - and a third case of RVH cyst associated with bladder and rectal fistula and a hepatic ...

  11. Congenital cervical bronchogenic cyst: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiralj Aleksandar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital anomalies of the embryonic foregut. They are caused by abnormal budding of diverticulum of the embryonic foregut between the 26th and 40th day of gestation. Bronchogenic cysts can appear in the mediastinum and pulmonary parenchyma, or at ectopic sites (neck, subcutaneous tissue or abdomen. So far, 70 cases of cervical localization of bronchogenic cysts have been reported. Majority of bronchogenic cysts have been diagnosed in the pediatric population. Bronchogenic cysts of the cervical area are generally asymptomatic and symptoms may occur if cysts become large or in case of infection of the cyst. The diagnosis is made based on clinical findings, radiological examination, but histopathologic findings are essential for establishing the final diagnosis. Treatment of cervical bronchogenic cyst involves surgical excision. Case Outline. Authors present a case of a 6-year-old female patient sent by a pediatrician to a maxillofacial surgeon due to asymptomatic lump on the left side of the neck. The patient had frequent respiratory infections and respiratory obstructions. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the neck was performed and a well-circumscribed cystic formation on the left side of the neck was observed, with paratracheal location. The complete excision of the cyst was made transcervically. Histopathological findings pointed to bronchogenic cyst. Conclusion. Cervical bronchogenic cysts are rare congenital malformations. Considering the location, clinical findings and the radiological features, these cysts resemble other cervical lesions. Surgical treatment is important because it is both therapeutic and diagnostic. Reliable diagnosis of bronchogenic cysts is based on histopathological examination.

  12. Ovarian follicular cysts in dairy cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garverick, H A

    1997-05-01

    Ovarian follicular cysts are anovulatory follicular structures that occur in 10 to 13% of dairy cows. This review focuses upon the dynamics of cyst growth, development, and persistence as well as on associated endocrine and cellular mechanisms. During the estrous cycle of cows, two to four waves of follicular growth occur. From a cohort of recruited follicles, one is selected for continued growth and dominance while the other undergo atresia and regress. In contrast, cysts have long been thought to be static structures that persist for extended periods. Although cysts can persist for extended periods, most regress over time and are replaced during subsequent follicular waves. The next dominant follicle either ovulates or develops into a new cyst. The recruitment of a cohort of follicles from which a cyst develops and the growth rate of cysts to ovulatory size are similar to ovulatory follicular waves, but the cyst continues to grow for a longer period. The interval between waves of follicular growth is longer for cows with cysts than for cows with normal estrous cycles. Each wave is preceded by a transient increase in circulating FSH. Near the time of cyst development and persistence, the concentration of FSH is not different from that during normal estrous cycles. Serum concentrations of LH and estradiol-17 beta are higher in cows that develop cysts than in cows that do not. Conversely, hypothalamic content of GnRH is lower in cows with cysts. Thus, cysts are dynamic structures, and their development and lifespan are likely associated with altered hypothalamic-hypophysial-ovarian function.

  13. [Disseminated histoplamosis in adolescent mimicking granulomatosis with polyangiitis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Weelden, Marlon; Viola, Gabriela R; Kozu, Katia T; Aikawa, Nadia E; Ivo, Claudia M; Silva, Clovis A

    2015-03-04

    Systemic histoplasmosis is an invasive fungal infection that may mimic primary vasculitis, particularly granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), and was rarely described in adult patients. We reported an immunocompetent patient with disseminated histoplasmosis mimicking GPA who fulfilled European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)/Pediatric Rheumatology International Trials Organisation (PRINTO)/Pediatric Rheumatology European Society (PRES) validated classification criteria. A 6-year old boy presented acute migratory polyarthritis with spontaneous improvement, sinus inflammation, fever, headache and abdominal pain. Serologic test for hepatitis, cytomegalovirus, human immunodeficiency virus, Epstein-Barr virus, toxoplasmosis, dengue virus and antistreptolysin O were all negative. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed moderate ascites in pelvis and pansinusitis. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (c-ANCA) were positive. He had spontaneous remission of the symptoms including fever. At the age of 11 years and 11 months, he had sinusitis, pneumonia and epididymitis. A month later, he was hospitalized and MRI showed left eye proptosis. Cerebrospinal fluid was normal and indirect tests of fungi were negative. Two months later, he had lumbar pain and computer tomography showed a mass in the right kidney and pulmonary nodule in the right lung. He fulfilled EULAR/PRINTO/PRES criteria for GPA, however the renal biopsy showed a focal granulomatous interstitial nephritis with yeast fungal cells compatible with Histoplasma sp. He was treated with liposomal amphotericin B and itraconazole with improvement of signs and symptoms. We reported a progressive disseminated histoplasmosis case mimicking GPA. Histoplasmosis infection should be considered in immunocompetent subjects with uncommon clinical manifestations, such as arthritis, nephritis and epididymitis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  14. Metabolic disorders mimicking Reye's syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, P F; Huang, S F; Hwu, W L; Hou, J W; Ni, Y H; Chang, M H

    2000-04-01

    Several metabolic disorders such as encephalopathy and hepatic dysfunction have been described as Reye's-like syndrome because they present with similar clinical manifestations that mimic Reye's syndrome. We performed a retrospective study to explore the underlying metabolic etiologies of Reye's-like syndrome in patients treated at National Taiwan University Hospital. From January 1991 to June 1998, 19 children with a syndrome fitting the Reye's-like syndrome description were identified for study. Urine organic acid analysis, plasma amino acid analysis, liver pathology, and skin fibroblast enzyme assays were studied during the acute stage of illness. The etiologies of patients' syndromes included urea cycle disorders (n = 7), glycogen storage disease type Ia (4), primary carnitine deficiency (2), hereditary fructose intolerance (1), methylmalonic acidemia (2), and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric acidemia (1). Fatty acid oxidation defects were suspected in the remaining two cases. A significant number of patients who present with Reye's-like syndrome have an underlying inherited metabolic disorder. In patients with Reye's-like syndrome, an accurate diagnosis is essential to ensure normal growth and development and to prevent recurrence of the condition.

  15. Mesenteric cyst(s presenting as acute intestinal obstruction in children: Three cases and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepa Makhija

    2016-09-01

    Conclusions: Presentation of mesenteric cyst as acute obstruction in paediatric age group is rare and preoperative diagnosis is difficult. The larger cysts are more likely to have an acute presentation.

  16. Ciliated hepatic foregut cyst: a rare cystic liver lesion

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adele

    right upper quadrant pain. The pain fluctuated in severity and was controlled with oral analgesic medication. There was no associated jaundice, rigors or weight loss. Apart from minimal right upper quadrant tenderness, examination was unremarkable. Full blood count, liver and renal function tests and clotting profile were ...

  17. Soft tissue aneurysmal bone cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, X.L.; Gielen, J.L.; Delrue, F.; De Schepper, A.M.A. [Department of Radiology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen (University of Antwerp), Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650, Edegem (Belgium); Salgado, R. [Department of Pathology, Universitair Ziekenhuis Antwerpen (University of Antwerp), Wilrijkstraat 10, 2650, Edegem (Belgium)

    2004-08-01

    A soft tissue aneurysmal bone cyst located in the right gluteus medius of a 21-year-old man is reported. On conventional radiography, the lesion demonstrated a spherically trabeculated mass with a calcific rim. On CT scan, it showed a well-organized peripheral calcification resembling a myositis ossificans. On MRI, it presented as a multilocular, cystic lesion with fluid-fluid levels. The lesion had no solid components except for intralesional septa. Although findings on imaging and histology were identical to those described in classical aneurysmal bone cyst, diagnosis was delayed because of lack of knowledge of this entity and its resemblance to the more familiar post-traumatic heterotopic ossification (myositis ossificans). (orig.)

  18. Recurrent Primary Spinal Hydatid Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okan Turk

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary hydatid disease of spine is rare and spinal hydatitosis constitute only 1% of all hydatitosis. We report a case of recurrent primary intraspinal extradural hydatid cyst of the thoracic region causing progressive paraparesis. The patient was operated 16 years ago for primary spinal hydatid disease involvement and was instrumented dorsally for stabilization. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of thoracic spine showed a cystic lesion at T11-12 level and compressed spinal cord posterolaterally. Intraspinal cyst was excised through T11-12 laminectomy which made formerly. The early postoperative period showed a progressive improvement of his neurological deficit and he was discharged with antihelmintic treatment consisting of albendazole and amoxicillin-sulbactam combination. [Cukurova Med J 2015; 40(Suppl 1: 84-89

  19. Lymphoepithelial cyst of the submandibular gland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Saneem Ahamed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphoepithelial cysts are benign, slowly growing unilocular or multilocular lesions that appear in the head and neck. They are also called Branchial cyst. The head and neck sites are the salivary glands(more commonly parotid and rarely submandibular gland and the oral cavity (usually the floor of the mouth. there are various methods of investigation available today, of which Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC can be used to provide an immediate diagnosis of a lymphoepithelial cyst. The other investigations include, Ultrasonogram,and Computed tomography.It usually occurs due to the process of lymphocyte-induced cystic ductular dilatation and the confirmatory diagnosis is always made postoperatively by histopathological examination. The mainstay in the treatment of a lymphoepithelial cyst remains the surgical approach, which includes complete enucleation of the cyst along with total excision of the involved salivary gland. This is a report of a lymphoepithelial cyst involving the submandibular salivary gland and its management.

  20. Vitreous cysts in patients with retinitis pigmentosa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Noriko; Ikeda, Yasuhiro; Murakami, Yusuke; Nakatake, Shunji; Tachibana, Takashi; Notomi, Shoji; Hisatomi, Toshio; Ishibashi, Tatsuro

    2015-11-01

    To determine the prevalence of vitreous cysts in patients with retinitis pigmentosa (RP). We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 435 consecutive patients diagnosed as having typical RP. Vitreous cysts were diagnosed in 37 eyes of 28 patients with RP (13 males and 15 females; mean age 47.0 ± 19.8 years; range 15-79 years), for an overall prevalence of 6.4%. The cysts were observed bilaterally in nine of the patients (32.1%). Among these 28 patients, 11 (39.3%) were younger than 40 years. In all, 81.8% of the vitreous cysts were detected around the optic nerve head. We demonstrated that the prevalence of vitreous cysts was 6.4% in patients with RP. These cysts were considered to be asymptomatic.

  1. Giant aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hebbale, Manjula; Munde, Anita; Maria, Anisha; Gawande, Pushkar; Halli, Rajshekhar

    2011-03-01

    The aneurysmal bone cyst is a type of pseudocysts of the jaw. It is a nonneoplastic lesion of the bone, characterized by replacement with fibro-osseous tissue containing blood-filled sinusoidal or cavernous spaces. The lesion remains a relatively uncommon finding in the facial bones, and the cause and pathogenesis are yet to be elucidated. Aneurysmal bone cyst was first described as a distinct clinical and pathologic entity by Jaffe and Lichtenstein in 1942. Aneurysmal bone cyst comprises 1.5% of all nonodontogenic cysts of the jaws and 1.9% of all aneurysmal bone cysts of skeleton. A rare case of giant aneurysmal bone cyst of mandible in a 10-year-old child is presented, which was managed by surgical curettage with a long-term follow-up.

  2. [Aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandible].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onerci, M; Ergin, N T

    1996-05-01

    Aneurysmal bone cysts are benign lesions of bone consisting of a septated, cystic cavity filled with non-endothelium-lined, blood-filled spaces. Aneurysmal bone cysts mainly occur in children and adolescents. Only a few occur in the jaws. This is the report of a 9-year-old girl with an aneurysmal bone cyst in the condyle of the mandible who was admitted to the hospital with swelling in front of her right ear. Because of the location and to eliminate recurrence, complete surgical excision of the condyle was performed. Fifty-seven cases of aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandible have been reported to date. Aneurysmal bone cyst is treated by surgical excision, which ranges from enucleation and curettage to conservative resection. Simple curettage for aneurysmal bone cyst is reported to be associated with a high recurrence rate, a result of the difficulty of completely excising such a vascular lesion. We recommend complete surgical excision as the best treatment.

  3. Giant radicular cyst of the maxilla.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deshmukh, Jeevanand; Shrivastava, Ratika; Bharath, Kashetty Panchakshari; Mallikarjuna, Rachappa

    2014-05-02

    Radicular cysts are inflammatory odontogenic cysts of tooth bearing areas of the jaws. Most of these lesions involve the apex of offending tooth and appear as well-defined radiolucencies. Owing to its clinical characteristics similar to other more commonly occurring lesions in the oral cavity, differential diagnosis should include dentigerous cyst, ameloblastoma, odontogenic keratocyst, periapical cementoma and Pindborg tumour. The present case report documents a massive radicular cyst crossing the midline of the palate. Based on clinical, radiographical and histopathological findings, the present case was diagnosed as an infected radicular cyst. The clinical characteristics of this cyst could be considered as an interesting and unusual due to its giant nature. The lesion was surgically enucleated along with the extraction of the associated tooth; preservation of all other teeth and vital structures, without any postoperative complications and satisfactory healing, was achieved.

  4. Inflammatory paradental cysts in the globulomaxillary region.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vedtofte, P; Holmstrup, P

    1989-03-01

    Cysts located in the maxilla between the roots of an erupted lateral incisor and a canine were studied. Radicular cysts were excluded by the prerequisite of a positive pulp vitality test in both adjacent teeth, and odontogenic keratocysts were excluded by histologic examination. In the period from 1971-1987, 8 cysts were found which fulfilled the criteria for inclusion. The average age of the patients was 18.8 yr. All cysts were lined by a hyperplastic non-keratinized stratified squamous epithelium and there was always a heavy infiltrate of inflammatory cells in the connective tissue. The clinical and histologic features were similar to those previously reported for inflammatory paradental cysts (IPC) in the mandible. Therefore, it seems justified to suggest that some of the previously described globulomaxillary cysts are in fact IPCs.

  5. Orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst: A rare presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neha Bhasin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Orthokeratinized Odontogenic Cyst (OOC is a developmental cyst of odontogenic origin and was initially defined as the uncommon orthokeratinized variant of the Odontogenic Keratocyst (OKC, until the World Health Organization′s (WHO′s classification in 2005, where it was separated from the Keratocystic Odontogenic Tumor (KCOT. It is a relatively uncommon developmental cyst comprising of only 0.4% of all odontogenic cysts. It is rather mystifying that its radiographic features are similar to the dentigerous cyst and histological characteristics are similar to the odontogenic keratocyst; and it has inconsistent cytokeratin expression profiles overlapping with both the dentigerous cyst and odontogenic keratocyst as well as with the epidermis. It has a predilection for the posterior mandibular region. This is a report of a rare case of OOC in an unusual maxillary anterior region, with emphasis on its biological characteristics.

  6. Management of ovarian cysts in infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Xue-qiang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: To discuss the experience of diagnosis and treatment of ovarian cyst in infants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was conducted on 20 infants who suffered from ovarian cyst. Results: There were no dysplasia ovarian was found in children which were preoperatively diagnosed simplex cyst. Within thirteen children preoperatively detected mixed cystic-solid lesion, six cases ovarian cysts disappeared and two cases underwent poor blood supply in the following time. Conclusion: Adverse effects for ovarian cyst in infants can be prevented by agressive surgical intervention. Harmful effects of ovarian cyst can be prevented by positive surgical intervention despite the diagnostic difficulties in children with clinical symptoms of this condition.

  7. Syntomatic Tarlov Cyst. Case presentation

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge Luis Castillo López; María E. Jerves Crespo; Victoria E. Solís Espín; Juan C. Vargas Parra

    2017-01-01

    Tarlov or perineural cysts are pathologic deformations located in the space between the Perineurium and endoneurium of spinal roots close to the posterior root ganglion. It is an infrequent disease. Although its etiology is uncertain different theories have been postulated since its discovery. Regularly they are asymptomatic; they are discovered as incidental findings in imaging studies. A case is presented of a patient complaining of a lumbociatalgia of month evolution, without relation with...

  8. Amblyopia secondary to iris cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Arroquia, T E; Avendaño-Cantos, E M; Mesa-Varona, D; Gálvez-Martínez, J; López-Romero, S; Nuñez-Plascencia, R; González del Valle, F

    2014-12-01

    A 5 year-old child diagnosed with moderate anisometropic amblyopia secondary to primary cyst of iris pigment epithelium. He was evaluated with ultrasound biomicroscopy (BMU) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) of anterior segment. The OCT, although with some limitations, is a useful tool to study the anterior segment. It is probably more recommendable than BMU in the childhood. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  9. Brainstem epidermoid cyst: An update

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patibandla, M. R.; Yerramneni, Vamsi Krishna; Mudumba, Vijaya S.; Manisha, Nukavarapu; Addagada, Gokul Chowdary

    2016-01-01

    The incidence of epidermoid tumors is between 1% and 2% of all intracranial tumors. The usual locations of epidermoid tumor are the parasellar region and cerebellopontine angle, and it is less commonly located in sylvian fissure, suprasellar region, cerebral and cerebellar hemispheres, and lateral and fourth ventricles. Epidermoid cysts located in the posterior fossa usually arise in the lateral subarachnoid cisterns, and those located in the brain stem are rare. These epidermoids contain cheesy and flaky white soft putty like contents. Epidermoid cysts are very slow growing tumors having a similar growth pattern of the epidermal cells of the skin and develop from remnants of epidermal elements during closure of the neural groove and disjunction of the surface ectoderm with neural ectoderm between the third and fifth weeks of embryonic life. We are presenting an interesting case of intrinsic brainstem epidermoid cyst containing milky white liquefied material with flakes in a 5-year-old girl. Diffusion-weighted imaging is definitive for the diagnosis. Ideal treatment of choice is removal of cystic components with complete resection of capsule. Although radical resection will prevent recurrence, in view of very thin firmly adherent capsule to brainstem, it is not always possible to do complete resection of capsule without any neurological deficits. PMID:27366244

  10. Tarlov cysts: a report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sen, Ramesh Kumar; Goyal, Tarun; Tripathy, Sujit Kumar; Chakraborty, Soumya

    2012-04-01

    Perineural cysts are common and usually detected incidentally during magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbosacral spine. Treatment is indicated only when the cyst is symptomatic. We report one such patients presented with cauda equina syndrome and another with low back pain with claudication. They underwent excision and duraplasty; both motor and sensory fibres were carefully separated from the cyst wall using a nerve root retractor and penfield. There was no nerve root damage or neural deficit. Symptoms were relieved postoperatively.

  11. Food residue granuloma mimicking metastatic disease on FDG-PET/CT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crucitti, Antonio; Grossi, Ugo; Leccisotti, Lucia; Maggi, Fabio; Ricci, Riccardo; Mazzari, Andrea; Tomaiuolo, Pasquina M C; Giordano, Alessandro

    2013-05-01

    A 31-year-old woman presenting with acute abdomen underwent an emergency Hartmann's procedure for fecal peritonitis due to perforated adenocarcinoma of the left colon. Shortly after a 7-month course of adjuvant chemotherapy, follow-up contrast-enhanced CT showed multiple peritoneal and hepatic nodules, showing focal intense and homogeneous FDG uptake on FDG-PET/CT, highly suspected for recurrence of disease. Excisional biopsy of the nodules revealed foreign body granulomas made up of alimentary materials surrounded by a fibrous wall. We report a unique case of a false-positive finding secondary to food residues mimicking metastatic disease on FDG-PET in a patient with colon cancer.

  12. [Dermoid cyst of the parotid gland].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trandafir, Violeta; Trandafir, Daniela; Ferariu, D; Boişteanu, Otilia; Haba, Danisia

    2011-01-01

    Dermoid cyst of the parotid gland is a rare clinical entity. Definitive clinical diagnosis is often difficult to determine preoperatively because of the lack of pathognomonic features. The most frequent location of a parotid dermoid cyst is a triangular area lying above the pinna. Imaging studies do not definitely diagnose a parotid dermoid cyst. Although parotid dermoid cyst is (generally) well-encapsulated, complete removal of the cyst wall is not sufficient to cure it, so it is mandatory to perform careful excision of the cyst by parotidectomy, in terms of preserving facial nerve integrity. Histopathology of the parotid gland tumor removed by parotidectomy makes a diagnosis of certainty, by revealing a cyst wall with keratinization of the squamous epithelium and the presence of skin annexes (hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands). We present a rare case of parotid dermoid cyst in a 21-year-old male patient with symptoms and imaging rather suggestive of arch I branchial cyst and a brief review of data in the medical literature of the last 20 years.

  13. [Hydatid cyst of the posterior fossa].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saqui, Abderrazzak El; Aggouri, Mohamed; Benzagmout, Mohamed; Chakour, Khaled; Faizchaoui, Mohamed El

    2017-01-01

    Hydatidosis is an endemic affection in Morocco. Cerebral echinococcosis is a relatively rare entity accounting for only 1-2% of all hydatid cysts in humans. hydatid cyst of the posterior fossa is a very uncommon site for the disease. We report the case of a 12 year-old child admitted for high intracranial pressure. Brain CT scan showed a posterior fossa cyst without enhancement after contrast medium injection. Operative finding revealed a hydatid cyst. The histological examination of the tissue sample confirmed the diagnosis. The patient was given albendazole post operatively. He feels well six months later.

  14. A radiologic study of dentigerous cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Tae Won; You Dong Soo [Dept. of Oral Radiology, College of Dentistry, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1982-11-15

    A radiologic study of 139 dentigerous cysts (128 patients) indicated the followings: 1. There was higher incidence in males (62.99%) than in females (37.01%). The most common age group was 11-20 years and the average age was 23.6 years. 2. The most common clinical symptoms was swelling of the jaws (49 cases, 33.09%), and no symptoms was presented in 26 cases (18.71%). 3. Dentigerous cysts were found to be slightly more common in the maxilla (53.24%) than in the mandible (46.76%) and there was almost no difference in occurrence between right and left side. The maxillary supernumerary tooth was the most frequent site of the dentigerous cyst and no dentigerous cyst was found to be related to a deciduous tooth. 4. The most common radiographic findings was root resorption of the adjacent teeth (33.09%), and the central dentigerous cysts were 78 cases (56.12%), the lateral dentigerous cysts were 61 cases (43.88%). 5. The increased radiolucency at the crown portion of the tooth in a cystic cavity was seen in 44 cases (31.65%), and a case of dentigerous cyst was found in a edentulous patient, and 16 cases of multiple dentigerous cysts were found in 5 patients. 6. The ameloblastic changes in 8 cases, the keratinization of the cyst wall in 2 cases, and a case of epidermoid carcinoma were confirmed microscopically.

  15. Large radicular cyst in the maxillary sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sagit, Mustafa; Guler, Sabri; Tasdemir, Arzu; Akf Somdas, Mehmet

    2011-11-01

    Radicular cysts (RCs) are the most common inflammatory jaw cystic lesions that occur infected and necrotic in teeth pulps. They account for more than 50% of all odontogenic cysts. Radicular cysts cause slowly progressive painless swelling. There are no symptoms until they become large. Enucleating the cyst is recommended with primary treatment. Here we describe a patient with a large RC with maxillary sinus involvement who underwent an endonasal endoscopic approach for complete resection. In conclusion, the endonasal endoscopic approach should be kept in mind for the resection of RC with maxillary sinus involvement because of its minimally invasive characteristics.

  16. Laparoscopic Management of Huge Ovarian Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Alobaid

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Huge ovarian cysts are conventionally managed by laparotomy. We present 5 cases with huge ovarian cysts managed by laparoscopic endoscopic surgery without any complications. Materials and Methods. We describe five patients who had their surgeries conducted in a tertiary care center in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia (King Fahad Medical City. Results. Patients age ranged between 19 and 69 years. Tumor markers were normal for all patients. The maximum diameter of all cysts ranged between 18 and 42 cm as measured by ultrasound. The cysts were unilocular; in some patients, there were fine septations. All patients had open-entry laparoscopy. After evaluation of the cyst capsule, the cysts were drained under laparoscopic guidance, 1–12 liters were drained from the cysts (mean 5.2 L, and then laparoscopic oophorectomy was done. The final histopathology reports confirmed benign serous cystadenoma in four patients and one patient had a benign mucinous cystadenoma. There was minimal blood loss during surgeries and with no complications for all patients. Conclusion. There is still no consensus for the size limitation of ovarian cysts decided to be a contraindication for laparoscopic management. With advancing techniques, proper patients selection, and availability of experts in gynecologic endoscopy, it is possible to remove giant cyst by laparoscopy.

  17. Epithelial Inclusion Cyst in Conjunctival Melanoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esposito, Evangelina; Zoroquiain, Pablo; Mastromonaco, Christina; Morales, Melina C; Belfort Neto, Rubens; Burnier, Miguel

    2016-09-01

    Conjunctival melanoma is the second most common conjunctival malignancy. Its differential diagnosis with other conjunctival melanocytic neoplasms is inherently difficult. The presence of epithelial cysts is a useful feature in conjunctival tumors and favors a benign lesion. Herein 2 cases of conjunctival melanoma with cysts are presented. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first series of conjunctival melanoma with epithelial inclusion cysts. This series emphasizes the importance of considering several malignant features when reviewing conjunctival melanocytic lesions, as malignancy can exist even in the presence of epithelial inclusion cysts. © The Author(s) 2016.

  18. Tarlov cyst: Case report and review of literature

    OpenAIRE

    Prashad Bhagwat; Jain Anil; Dhammi Ish

    2007-01-01

    We describe a case of sacral perineural cyst presenting with complaints of low back pain with neurological claudication. The patient was treated by laminectomy and excision of the cyst. Tarlov cysts (sacral perineural cysts) are nerve root cysts found most commonly in the sacral roots, arising between the covering layer of the perineurium and the endoneurium near the dorsal root ganglion. The incidence of Tarlov cysts is 5% and most of them are asymptomatic, usually detected as inciden...

  19. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Can Strike Anyone

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature Hepatitis Hepatitis Can Strike Anyone Past Issues / Spring 2009 Table ... from all walks of life are affected by hepatitis, especially hepatitis C, the most common form of ...

  20. Hepatitis A through E (Viral Hepatitis)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Hepatitis D Hepatitis E Liver Transplant Definition & Facts Transplant Process Transplant Surgery Living with a Liver Transplant Clinical Trials Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease & NASH Definition & ...

  1. Isolated ovarian tuberculosis mimicking ovarian carcinoma: Case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Although genitourinary tuberculosis is common, reports of isolated ovarian tuberculosis are rare. However, its presentation can mimick that of an ovarian tumour, leading to diagnostic difficulties. A woman of 17 years presented with chronic pelvic pain, weight loss, a right ovarian mass on ultrasound, and a significantly ...

  2. unilatefial congenital multicystic dysplastic kidney mimicking cystic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    70, N0. 4, 2004. African Journal of Urology 289-290. UNILATEFIAL CONGENITAL MULTICYSTIC DYSPLASTIC KIDNEY. MIMICKING CYSTIC FIENAL CELL CARCINOMA IN AN ADULT. NIGERIAN. A.A. 'SALAKO*, V.A. ADETILOYE**, AND 0.8. OJO***. Departments of Surgery*, Radiology“ and Morbid Anatomy***, Obafemi ...

  3. Degenerated Cystic Uterine Myoma Mimicking Postpartum Haemoperitonium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Servet Gençdal

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Haemoperitoneum due to spontaneous haemorrhage of intraleiomyoma is a very rare complication of uterine myoma. Acute complications of uterine myoma are seldom seen, but it may be fatal. We hereby report case of a female, who presented with abdominal pain and distension, postpratum, found to have degenerated cystic uterine myoma, mimicking postpartum haemoperitonium.

  4. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis C

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Chapter 3 - Hepatitis B Chapter 3 - Hepatitis E Hepatitis C Deborah Holtzman INFECTIOUS AGENT Hepatitis C virus ( ... mother to child. Map 3-05. Prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection 1 PDF Version (printable) 1 ...

  5. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis B

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Chapter 3 - Hepatitis A Chapter 3 - Hepatitis C Hepatitis B Francisco Averhoff INFECTIOUS AGENT Hepatitis B virus ( ... progression of disease. Map 3-04. Prevalence of hepatitis B virus infection 1 PDF Version (printable) 1 ...

  6. Travelers' Health: Hepatitis A

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 3 - Helminths, Soil-Transmitted Chapter 3 - Hepatitis B Hepatitis A Noele P. Nelson INFECTIOUS AGENT Hepatitis A ... hepatitis/HAV Table 3-02. Vaccines to prevent hepatitis A VACCINE TRADE NAME (MANUFACTURER) AGE (Y) DOSE ...

  7. Hepatitis C: Clinical Trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and Public Home » Hepatitis C » Treatment Decisions Viral Hepatitis Menu Menu Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Home For ... can I find out about participating in a hepatitis C clinical trial? Many trials are being conducted ...

  8. Hepatitis (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Staying Safe Videos for Educators Search English Español Hepatitis KidsHealth / For Parents / Hepatitis Print en español Hepatitis What Is Hepatitis? Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver. The ...

  9. Toward restrictions on boson stars as black hole mimickers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guzman, F S, E-mail: guzman@ifm.umich.mx [Instituto de Fisica y Matematicas, Universidad Michoacana de San Nicolas de Hidalgo, Edificio C3, Cd. Universitaria, 58040 Morelia, Michoacan (Mexico)

    2011-09-22

    The status of boson stars as black hole mimickers is presented among other mimickers. We focus on the analysis of the emission spectrum of a simple accretion disk model. We describe the free parameters that allow a boson star to become a black hole mimicker and present an example of a particular astrophysical case.

  10. Two cases of symptomatic perineural cysts (tarlov cysts) in one family: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Hyun Jun; Kim, Il Sup; Lee, Sang Won; Son, Byung Chul

    2008-09-01

    Symptomatic sacral perineural cysts are uncommon. Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the etiologies of perineural cysts, but the accurate etiologies remain unclear. We experienced two cases of symptomatic sacral perineural cysts (Tarlov cysts) in one family, who presented with perianal paresthesia. Both of them were operated and postoperatively their symptoms were disappeared immediately. We experienced the excellent treatment outcome with the surgical management of symptomatic perineural cysts in the sacral region. We assume that the theory of congenital origin including a familial tendency is the most plausible of the hypotheses that have been proposed.

  11. Hepatitis Virus Infections in Poultry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yugo, Danielle M; Hauck, Ruediger; Shivaprasad, H L; Meng, Xiang-Jin

    2016-09-01

    Viral hepatitis in poultry is a complex disease syndrome caused by several viruses belonging to different families including avian hepatitis E virus (HEV), duck hepatitis B virus (DHBV), duck hepatitis A virus (DHAV-1, -2, -3), duck hepatitis virus Types 2 and 3, fowl adenoviruses (FAdV), and turkey hepatitis virus (THV). While these hepatitis viruses share the same target organ, the liver, they each possess unique clinical and biological features. In this article, we aim to review the common and unique features of major poultry hepatitis viruses in an effort to identify the knowledge gaps and aid the prevention and control of poultry viral hepatitis. Avian HEV is an Orthohepevirus B in the family Hepeviridae that naturally infects chickens and consists of three distinct genotypes worldwide. Avian HEV is associated with hepatitis-splenomegaly syndrome or big liver and spleen disease in chickens, although the majority of the infected birds are subclinical. Avihepadnaviruses in the family of Hepadnaviridae have been isolated from ducks, snow geese, white storks, grey herons, cranes, and parrots. DHBV evolved with the host as a noncytopathic form without clinical signs and rarely progressed to chronicity. The outcome for DHBV infection varies by the host's ability to elicit an immune response and is dose and age dependent in ducks, thus mimicking the pathogenesis of human hepatitis B virus (HBV) infections and providing an excellent animal model for human HBV. DHAV is a picornavirus that causes a highly contagious virus infection in ducks with up to 100% flock mortality in ducklings under 6 wk of age, while older birds remain unaffected. The high morbidity and mortality has an economic impact on intensive duck production farming. Duck hepatitis virus Types 2 and 3 are astroviruses in the family of Astroviridae with similarity phylogenetically to turkey astroviruses, implicating the potential for cross-species infections between strains. Duck astrovirus (DAstV) causes

  12. The clinical relevance of Tarlov cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langdown, Andrew John; Grundy, Julian R B; Birch, Nicholas C

    2005-02-01

    The sacral perineural cyst was first described by Tarlov in 1938 as an incidental finding at autopsy. There are very few data in the literature regarding the role of Tarlov cysts in causing symptoms, however. Most studies report low numbers, and consequently, the recommendations for treatment are vague. Our aim, therefore, is to present further detail regarding the clinical relevance of Tarlov cysts and to identify whether or not they are a cause of lumbosacral spinal canal stenosis symptoms. Over a 5-year period, 3535 patients underwent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan for lumbosacral symptoms. Fifty-four patients were identified as having Tarlov cysts, and their clinical picture was correlated with the findings on MRI. The majority of Tarlov cysts (n = 38) cannot be held responsible for patients' symptoms and are clinically unimportant. However, we encountered several patients in whom Tarlov cysts (n = 9) occurred at the same level as another pathology. In these cases, the cyst itself did not require any specific therapy; treatment was directed at the other pathology, and uneventful symptom resolution occurred. A smaller subgroup of cysts (n = 7) are the main cause of patients' symptoms and may require specific treatment to facilitate local decompression. The majority of Tarlov cysts are incidental findings on MRI. Where confusion exists as to the clinical relevance of a Tarlov cyst, treatment of the primary pathology (ie, non-Tarlov lesion) is usually sufficient. Tarlov cysts may, however, be responsible for a patient's symptoms; possible mechanisms by which this may occur and treatment strategies are discussed.

  13. Solitary Perihepatic Splenosis Mimicking Liver Lesion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Chao; Zhang, Binhao; Chen, Lin; Zhang, Bixiang; Chen, Xiaoping

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Hepatic splenosis, one type of manifestation of ectopic spleen tissue, is rarely reported. It cannot be distinguished from hepatic malignancies because of lack of significant radiological features. By means of this case report and 31 literature reviews, potential treatment modalities concerning clinical diagnostics, patient's management could be discussed. The report presents the case of a 33-year-old man with a liver lesion. Finally, after a mini-incision laparotomy, the lesion was resected and the diagnosis confirmed it as hepatic splenosis. A literature search for case reports published between January 1, 1900, and August 1, 2014, was performed on PubMed. Approximately 80% (27/34) of patients diagnosed with hepatic splenosis had a history of splenectomy. The mean time interval between splenectomy and hepatic splenosis detection was 25 (1.5–47) years. The median size of reported hepatic splenosis is 30 mm in diameter. Technetium-99m-labeled heat denatured red-blood-cells scintigraphy or superparamagnetic iron oxide-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging is now considered to be the optimal method of diagnosing splenosis. Hepatic splenosis requires no treatment in most cases. Operation should be performed if it is accompanied by hypersplenism in hematological diseases. When the diagnosis remains unclear, further biopsy or laparoscopy is recommended. If hepatic splenosis is confirmed, careful follow-up is beneficial. PMID:25738479

  14. Nonsurgical root canal therapy of large cyst-like inflammatory periapical lesions and inflammatory apical cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Louis M; Ricucci, Domenico; Lin, Jarshen; Rosenberg, Paul A

    2009-05-01

    It is a general belief that large cyst-like periapical lesions and apical true cysts caused by root canal infection are less likely to heal after nonsurgical root canal therapy. Nevertheless, there is no direct evidence to support this assumption. A large cyst-like periapical lesion or an apical true cyst is formed within an area of apical periodontitis and cannot form by itself. Therefore, both large cyst-like periapical lesions and apical true cysts are of inflammatory and not of neoplastic origin. Apical periodontitis lesions, regardless of whether they are granulomas, abscesses, or cysts, fail to heal after nonsurgical root canal therapy for the same reason, intraradicular and/or extraradicular infection. If the microbial etiology of large cyst-like periapical lesions and inflammatory apical true cysts in the root canal is removed by nonsurgical root canal therapy, the lesions might regress by the mechanism of apoptosis in a manner similar to the resolution of inflammatory apical pocket cysts. To achieve satisfactory periapical wound healing, surgical removal of an apical true cyst must include elimination of root canal infection.

  15. Cystic echinococcosis: a disease mimicking cancer in a non-endemic country report of two cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comrnejo-Juárez, P; Espinosa-Altamirano, A; Ibarra-del-Río, M; Pacheco-Bravo, I; Volkow-Fernández, P

    2013-03-01

    Echinococcosis is a parasitic disease that involves dogs as definitive host and sheep as intermediate host. Humans become infected incidentally through fecal-oral contact, particularly in the course of playful and close contact with an infected dog. Mexico is considered a region that is virtually free of cystic echinoccocosis. This manuscript describes two cases that were referred to a tertiary-care oncology hospital with a diagnosis of cancer. In one case, the presumptive diagnosis was liver cancer because abdominal ultrasonography revealed a low-density mass in the right hepatic lobe. Drainage was performed and cytologic examination of the fluid showed multiple Echinococcus cyst as well as prostoscolex. The case was resolved with percutaneous drainage and administration of albendazole for two months. In the second case, the patient was referred with a diagnosis of disseminated cervical cancer A cyst was identified in the upper right lung lobe; a diagnostic puncture was performed showing an Echinococcus cyst. This resolved solely with two months of albendazole administration.

  16. Uncommon benign lesions of the adrenal glands mimicking sinister pathologies: report of 8 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lykoudis, Panagis M; Nastos, Constantinos; Dellaportas, Dionysis; Kairi-Vassilatou, Evi; Dastamani, Christina; Kondi-Pafiti, Agathi

    2015-01-01

    To present series of patients with large rare primary lesions of the adrenal glands that were operated in our department. The initial indication for surgery was decided based on their impressive similarity to other more sinister adrenal pathologies. The clinical records of the department and histopathology reports, covering the 1986-2015 period were assessed. Rare adrenal pathologies that preoperatively were clinically mimicking other adrenal tumors were included. In total, 8 patients (age range 20-75 years) with rare tumors of the adrenal glands were found. Seven patients had a preoperative indication for adrenalectomy due to the possibility of malignancy. In one patient surgery was undertaken due to the possible diagnosis of adrenal hemorrhagic cyst. Among these patients 4 had a histopathologic diagnosis of hemangiomas, one of a lymphangiomatous cyst and 3 of myelolipomas. Rare benign tumors of the adrenal glands can present as very large lesions that can be either diagnosed incidentally or due to atypical symptoms. Though unusual, they should be considered in the differential diagnostic approach of adrenal lesions, because they share common clinical and radiological characteristics with more sinister and frequent lesions such as malignant tumors and also hematomas.

  17. Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma mimicking recurrence of an ovarian borderline tumor: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takemoto Shuji

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma is an extremely rare tumor that occurs mainly in women in their reproductive age. Its preoperative diagnosis and adequate treatment are quite difficult to attain. Case presentation Our patient was a 23-year-old Japanese woman who had a history of right oophorectomy and left ovarian cystectomy for an ovarian tumor at 20 years of age. The left ovarian tumor had been diagnosed on histology as a mucinous borderline tumor. Two years and nine months after the initial operation, multiple cysts were found in our patient. A laparotomy was performed and her uterus, left ovary, omentum and pelvic lymph nodes were removed due to suspicion of recurrence of the borderline tumor. A histological examination, however, revealed that the cysts were not a recurrence of the borderline tumor but rather benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma. There were no residual lesions and our patient was followed up with ultrasonography. She remains free from recurrence nine months after treatment. Conclusion We report a case of benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma mimicking recurrence of an ovarian borderline tumor. Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma should be suspected when a multicystic lesion is present in the pelvis as in the case presented here, especially in patients with previous abdominal surgery.

  18. Hepatitis amebiana

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés Mendoza, Eduardo

    2011-01-01

    Se ha considerado habitualmente la hepatitis amebiana como una inflamación del parénquima hepático causada por localización del parásito mismo en el hígado, distinguiéndose la forma supurada o absceso y el estado presupurativo o hepatitis aguda.

  19. Cholangiocarcinoma and its mimickers in primary sclerosing cholangitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jonghun John; Schindera, Sebastian T; Jang, Hyun-Jung; Fung, Scott; Kim, Tae Kyoung

    2017-12-01

    Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the most common malignancy in primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). Approximately half of CCA are diagnosed within two years of initial diagnosis and often have a poor prognosis because of advanced tumor stage at the time of diagnosis. Thus, rigorous initial imaging evaluation for detecting CCA is important. CCA in PSC usually manifests as intrahepatic mass-forming or perihilar periductal-infiltrating type. Imaging diagnosis is often challenging due to pre-existing biliary strictures and heterogeneous liver. Multimodality imaging approach and careful comparison with prior images are often helpful in detecting small CCA. Ultrasound is widely used as an initial test, but has a limited ability to detect small tumors in the heterogeneous liver with PSC. MRI combined with MRCP is excellent to demonstrate focal biliary abnormalities as well as subtle liver masses. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound is useful to demonstrate CCA by demonstrating rapid and marked washout. In addition, there are other disease entities that mimic CCA including hepatocellular carcinoma, confluent hepatic fibrosis, IgG4-related sclerosing cholangitis, inflammatory mass, and focal fat deposition. In this pictorial essay, imaging findings of CCA in PSC is described and discuss the challenges in imaging surveillance for CCA in the patients with PSC. Imaging findings of the mimickers of CCA in PSC and their differentiating features are also discussed.

  20. Bartonella henselae Infection: An Uncommon Mimicker of Autoimmune Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maritsi, Despoina N.; Zarganis, Diagoras; Metaxa, Zoi; Papaioannou, Georgia; Vartzelis, George

    2013-01-01

    We present a case of a seven-year-old immunocompetent female patient who developed systemic symptoms mimicking an autoimmune rather than an infectious disease. The patient presented with rash, biquotidian fever, night sweats, and arthralgias. There was no antecedent history of cat contact. Investigations showed increased inflammatory markers, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, hypercalcemia, and raised angiotensin-converting enzyme. Interferon-gamma releasing assay for tuberculosis infection was negative. Abdominal imaging demonstrated multifocal lesions of the liver and spleen (later proved to be granulomata), chest X-ray showed enlarged hilar lymph nodes, and ophthalmology review revealed uveitis. Clinical, laboratory, and imaging features pointed towards sarcoidosis. Subsequently, raised titers (IgM 1 : 32, IgG 1 : 256) against Bartonella confirmed the diagnosis of B. henselae infection. She was treated with gentamycin followed by ciprofloxacin; repeat investigations showed complete resolution of findings. The presence of hepatic and splenic lesions in children with bartonellosis is well documented. Our case, however, exhibited certain unusual findings such as the coexistence of acute ocular and systemic involvement in an immunocompetent host. Serological testing is an inexpensive and effective way to diagnose bartonellosis in immunocompetent patients; we suggest that bartonella serology is included in the baseline tests performed on children with prolonged fever even in the absence of contact with cats in countries where bartonellosis is prevalent. PMID:23424700

  1. Bartonella henselae Infection: An Uncommon Mimicker of Autoimmune Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Despoina N. Maritsi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of a seven-year-old immunocompetent female patient who developed systemic symptoms mimicking an autoimmune rather than an infectious disease. The patient presented with rash, biquotidian fever, night sweats, and arthralgias. There was no antecedent history of cat contact. Investigations showed increased inflammatory markers, leukocytosis, thrombocytosis, hypercalcemia, and raised angiotensin-converting enzyme. Interferon-gamma releasing assay for tuberculosis infection was negative. Abdominal imaging demonstrated multifocal lesions of the liver and spleen (later proved to be granulomata, chest X-ray showed enlarged hilar lymph nodes, and ophthalmology review revealed uveitis. Clinical, laboratory, and imaging features pointed towards sarcoidosis. Subsequently, raised titers (IgM 1 : 32, IgG 1 : 256 against Bartonella confirmed the diagnosis of B. henselae infection. She was treated with gentamycin followed by ciprofloxacin; repeat investigations showed complete resolution of findings. The presence of hepatic and splenic lesions in children with bartonellosis is well documented. Our case, however, exhibited certain unusual findings such as the coexistence of acute ocular and systemic involvement in an immunocompetent host. Serological testing is an inexpensive and effective way to diagnose bartonellosis in immunocompetent patients; we suggest that bartonella serology is included in the baseline tests performed on children with prolonged fever even in the absence of contact with cats in countries where bartonellosis is prevalent.

  2. Thoracoscopic excision of mediastinal cysts in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jain Prashant

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Thoracoscopy offers great advantages when compared with open surgery in terms of postoperative pain and pulmonary complications. Considering the benign nature of most of the mediastinal cysts, thoracoscopy is safe and feasible with minimal morbidity. The purpose of this article is to review our experience with four cases of mediastinal cysts resected successfully within a period of one year by thoracoscopy. Materials and Methods:The cases of mediastinal cysts operated by thoracoscopic excision in K.E.M. Hospital, Mumbai from November 2005 to December 2006 were reviewed. The age varied from six months to 10 years. The patients presented with respiratory distress or recurrent lower respiratory tract infection. All patients underwent Chest X-ray and CT scan thorax to delineate the location of the cyst and its relationship with adjacent vital structures. Two patients had anterior and two had posterior mediastinal cyst. The ports were placed depending on the location of the cyst on the CT scan, following the principles of triangularization. The cysts were excised mainly by blunt dissection. Results: All the patients were successfully managed by thoracoscopic surgery. None of them had intraoperative complications. Dissection in patient with history of recurrent respiratory tract infection was difficult because of adhesions. Intercostal drain was removed within 48hrs and the patients were discharged on the fourth postoperative day. Conclusions: Thoracoscopy in mediastinal cysts is a safe and effective procedure with low morbidity and a shorter hospital stay.

  3. Bilateral follicular cysts in a water buffalo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, F A; Nabi, S U; Pande, Megha; Das, G K; Sarkar, M

    2011-03-01

    The present short communication puts on record a case of bilateral, multiple follicular cysts in a water buffalo along with a detailed description of its ovarian biometry and follicular fluid composition. The ovarian weight and biometrical parameters were much higher than in normal cycling buffaloes. A total of three follicular cysts were observed, two on the right ovary and one on the left ovary, measuring 4.9, 3.0 and 2.6 cm yielding 21, 9 and 5 ml of follicular fluid, respectively. The cystic fluid was deep yellow in colour with a viscous consistency. The follicular fluid concentrations of glucose, total protein, cholesterol, acid phosphatase, calcium, phosphorus and progesterone in all the cysts were within the range reported previously in normal buffalo follicular fluid; however, the alkaline phosphatase concentration in cyst 1 and total bilirubin concentration in cysts 1 and 2 were higher than the values in normal follicular fluid. In contrast, the levels of urea nitrogen in cysts 1 and 3, and oestradiol in cyst 3 were lower than the normal values. All the three follicles had an oestradiol to progesterone ratio less than 1. The results of our study suggest that follicular cysts in buffalo are oestrogenically inactive and have an altered concentration of certain biochemical and hormonal constituents.

  4. [Aneurysmal bone cysts of the mandible].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rousseau, A; El Okeily, M; Vidal, N; Siberchicot, F; Zwetyenga, N

    2009-12-01

    The aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare, expansive, osteolytic, pseudocystic lesion with an unknown etiology. It usually affects long bones and the spine. Two to 5 % of cases have mandibular localization (between 75 and 100 % present on the mandible) accounting for 1 % of all mandibular cysts. Less than 200 cases have been reported in English and French literature.

  5. Membrana nictitans gland cyst in a dog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, C A; Wyman, M; Szymanski, C; Werling, K

    1983-11-01

    A cyst involving the gland of the 3rd eyelid was removed from an 8-year-old dog. Clinically the circumscribed mass resembled a pigmented neoplasm. Histologically the cyst was multiloculated, with homogeneous eosinophilic periodic acid-Schiff-positive content. Melanin pigment was present in epithelial cells and cystic lumens. Protective functions of the 3rd eyelid were retained following excisional biopsy.

  6. Parathyroid cysts: the Latin-American experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Román-González, Alejandro; Aristizábal, Natalia; Aguilar, Carolina; Palacios, Karen; Pérez, Juan Camilo; Vélez-Hoyos, Alejandro; Duque, Carlos Simon; Sanabria, Alvaro

    2016-12-01

    Parathyroid cyst is an infrequent and unsuspected disease. There are more than 300 hundred cases reported in the world literature, a few of them are from Latin America. The experience of our centers and a review of the cases are presented. Case report of a series of patients with parathyroid cyst from our institutions according to the CARE guidelines (Case Reports). A search of Medline, Embase, BIREME (Biblioteca Regional de Medicina) LILACS (Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud), Google Scholar and Scielo (Scientific Electronic Library on Line) databases and telephonic or email communications with other experts from Latin-America was performed . Six patients with parathyroid cyst were found in our centers in Colombia. Most of them were managed with aspiration of the cyst. Two of them required surgery. Only one case was functional. Twelve reports from Latin America were found for a total of 18 cases in our region adding ours. Parathyroid cysts are uncommonly reported in Latin America. Most of them are diagnosed postoperatively. Suspicion for parathyroid cyst should be raised when a crystal clear fluid is aspirated from a cyst. The confirmation of the diagnosis may be easily done if parathyroid hormone (PTH) level is measured in the cyst fluid.

  7. Ganglion Cyst of the Wrist and Hand

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a weed which will grow back if the root is not removed. In many cases, the ganglion cyst returns a er an aspiration procedure. Aspiration procedures ... is called an excision. Surgery involves removing the cyst as well as part of the ... which is considered the root of the ganglion. Even a er excision, there ...

  8. Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Pernille; Sundberg, Karin; Juul, Anders

    2008-01-01

    by each injection and followed by a gradual reduction of fetal goiter as well as the left ovarian cyst. The right cyst ruptured spontaneously. At 36 weeks + 4 days, the patient underwent elective caesarean section and gave birth to a female, weighing 2,880 g with 1- and 5-min Apgar scores of 10...

  9. Orbital dermoid and epidermoid cysts: Case study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veselinović Dragan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Dermoid and epidermoid cysts of the orbit belong to choristomas, tumours that originate from the aberrant primordial tissue. Clinically, they manifest as cystic movable formations mostly localized in the upper temporal quadrant of the orbit. They are described as both superficial and deep formations with most frequently slow intermittent growth. Apart from aesthetic effects, during their growth, dermoid and epidermoid cysts can cause disturbances in the eye motility, and in rare cases, also an optical nerve compression syndrome. Case Outline. In this paper, we described a child with a congenital orbital dermoid cyst localized in the upper-nasal quadrant that was showing signs of a gradual enlargement and progression. The computerized tomography revealed a cyst of 1.5-2.0 cm in size. At the Maxillofacial Surgery Hospital in Niš, the dermoid cyst was extirpated in toto after orbitotomy performed by superciliary approach. Postoperative course was uneventful, without inflammation signs, and after two weeks excellent functional and aesthetic effects were achieved. Conclusion. Before the decision to treat the dermoid and epidermoid cysts operatively, a detailed diagnostic procedure was necessary to be done in order to locate the cyst precisely and determine its size and possible propagation into the surrounding periorbital structures. Apart from cosmetic indications, operative procedures are recommended in the case of cysts with constant progressions, which cause the pressure to the eye lobe, lead to motility disturbances and indirectly compress the optical nerve and branches of the cranial nerves III, IV and VI.

  10. Ruptured corpus luteal cyst: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Choi, Hyuck Jae; Kim, Seung Hyup; Kim, Sun Ho; Kim, Hyo Cheol; Park, Chang Min; Lee, Hak Jong; Moon, Min Hoan; Jeong, Jun Yong [Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2003-03-01

    To evaluate the CT findings of ruptured corpus luteal cysts. Six patients with a surgically proven ruptured corpus luteal cyst were included in this series. The prospective CT findings were retrospectively analyzed in terms of the size and shape of the cyst, the thickness and enhancement pattern of its wall, the attenuation of its contents, and peritoneal fluid. The mean diameter of the cysts was 2.8 (range, 1.5-4.8) cm; three were round and three were oval. The mean thickness of the cyst wall was 4.7 (range, 1-10) mm; in all six cases it showed strong enhancement, and in three was discontinuous. In five of six cases, the cystic contents showed high attenuation. Peritoneal fluid was present in all cases, and its attenuation was higher, especially around the uterus and adnexa, than that of urine present in the bladder. In a woman in whom CT reveals the presence of an ovarian cyst with an enhancing rim and highly attenuated contents, as well as highly attenuated peritoneal fluid, a ruptured corpus luteal cyst should be suspected. Other possible evidence of this is focal interruption of the cyst wall and the presence of peritoneal fluid around the adnexa.

  11. Anaphylactic shock during hydatid cyst surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustapha Bensghir

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Intraoperative anaphylactic shock is an unusual complication. Different causes can be involved. Surgery of hydatid cyst is rarely responsible. About a case report of anaphylactic shock due to hydatid cyst surgery, the authors discuss the mechanisms, principles of treatment, and prevention measures of this complication.

  12. Sonographic Spectrum of Tunica Albuginea Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel M Alvarez

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Tunica albuginea (TA cyst is the most common extratesticular benign mass, which is usually palpable. Ultrasound examination is the imaging modality of choice to characterize palpable testicular lesions. This pictorial essay presents the spectrum of sonographic features of TA cysts in order to assist radiologists in making the correct diagnosis and avoid unnecessary surgeries.

  13. Anesthesia for patients with subglottic cysts

    OpenAIRE

    Vo, Daniel N.

    2016-01-01

    Key Clinical Message Acquired subglottic cysts can cause rapid development of respiratory distress. Subglottic cysts are a disease of premature infants and other pathologies of prematurity should be anticipated. Perioperative success is dependent on communication between surgeon and anesthesiologist. Contingency plans for an emergency surgical airway should be in place in the event of total airway obstruction.

  14. Ultrasonographic features differentiating thyroglossal duct cysts from dermoid cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyoung In Choi

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose The purpose of this study was to identify ultrasonographic features that can be used to differentiate between thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs and dermoid cysts (DCs. Methods We searched surgical pathology reports completed between January 2004 and October 2015 and identified 66 patients with TGDCs or DCs who had undergone preoperative ultrasonography. The ultrasound images were reviewed by two radiologists who were blinded to the pathological diagnosis. They evaluated the following parameters: dimensions, shape, margin, location in relation to the midline, level in relation to the hyoid bone, attachment to the hyoid bone, the depth of the lesion in relation to the strap muscles, internal echogenicity, internal echogenic dots, multilocularity, the presence of a longitudinal extension into the tongue base, posterior acoustic enhancement, the presence of internal septae, and intralesional vascularity. Results There were 50 TGDCs and 16 DCs. TGDCs were significantly more likely than DCs to have an irregular shape, an ill-defined margin, attachment to the hyoid bone, an intramuscular location, heterogeneous internal echogenicity, multilocularity, and longitudinal extension into the tongue base. Conclusion Ultrasound findings may inform the differential diagnosis between TGDCs and DCs.

  15. MRI of aneurysmal bone cyst

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishii, Misako; Mizutani, Hirokazu; Satake, Motoharu [Nagoya City Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine] [and others

    1999-05-01

    We retrospectively reviewed MRI of ten patients with aneurysmal bone cyst. All tumors showed low signal intensity on T1-weighted image and high signal intensity on T2-weighted image. Six of ten tumors showed fluid-fluid levels. Septal structures were seen in 7 of ten tumors. After administration of Gd-DTPA, septae were enhanced in 4 of five. Dynamic study was performed in 1 case. It showed a laminar retention of contrast medium was growing above the layer of the fluid-fluid interface made of segmented blood in compartment tumor. (author)

  16. Recurrent intramedullary epidermoid cyst of conus medullaris.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Fleming, Christina

    2011-01-01

    Spinal intramedullary epidermoid cyst is a rare condition. Recurrent epidermoid cyst in the spine cord is known to occur. The authors describe a case of recurrent conus medullaris epidermoid cyst in a 24-year-old female. She initially presented at 7 years of age with bladder disturbance in the form of diurnal enuresis and recurrent urinary tract infection. MRI lumbar spine revealed a 4 cm conus medullaris epidermoid cyst. Since the initial presentation, the cyst had recurred seven times in the same location and she underwent surgical intervention in the form of exploration and debulking. This benign condition, owing to its anatomical location, has posed a surgical and overall management challenge. This occurrence is better managed in a tertiary-care centre requiring multi-disciplinary treatment approach.

  17. [Calcifying odontogenic cyst. A clinical case].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colella, G; Lanza, A; Tartaro, G P

    1995-12-01

    The calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) is a rare lesion that involves the jaws which, at times, may evolve into a solid, benign, tumor-like mass. There is no significant sex predilection, but it is probably more common in later life. The diagnosis is base only on histologic examination that represents, in the best of cases, the only way to differentiate the COC from other pathologies. Such lesions include: odontogenic cyst, residual cyst, globulomaxillary cyst, lateral periodontal cyst, ameloblastoma (multicystic and unicystic), odontogenic mixoma, and still with calcifying odontogenic epithelial tumor (Pindborg tumor) and adenomatoid odontogenic tumor. The authors report a case of COC, starting point for a review of the clinical, radiographic and histomorphologic features of the lesion.

  18. Pilonidal cyst on the vault: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BORGES GUILHERME

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Pilonidal cysts and sinuses are described as dermoid cysts which contain follicles of hairs and sebaceous glands. They clinically present as a classic case of inflammation which comes with pain, local infection and redness. The origin of pilonidal disease remains controverse. There are many hypothesis as lack of hygiene on the affected area and a penetration and growth of a hair in the subcutaneus tissue caused by constant friction or direct trauma on the damaged area. The option for clinical treatment is very frequent. However, taking into consideration the incidence and the possibility of recidive, surgical treatment is presently recommended. Complications include cellulitis and abscess formation. Pilonidal cysts are mostly found on the sacral region. In the literature is found description of pilonidal cysts on the penis, interdigital region on the hands as well as on the cervical region. We present a case of pilonidal cyst located on the vault biparietal region, without malignant degeneration.

  19. Large Dentigerous Cyst Associated to Maxillary Canine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonardi, João Paulo; Gomes-Ferreira, Pedro Henrique Silva; de Freitas Silva, Leonardo; Momesso, Gustavo Antonio Correa; de Oliveira, Danila; Ferreira, Sabrina; Pereira, Rodrigo Dos Santos; Souza, Francisley Ávila

    2017-01-01

    Dentigerous cysts are defined as a cyst originated by separation of the follicle of dental crown of a tooth unerupted. Although most dentigerous cysts are considered developmental cysts, some cases seem to have an inflammatory origin. The aim of this study was to show a case of an 8-year-old patient, male, presenting a lesion in maxilla with large proportions. Computed tomography scans showed a hypodense image, well-defined, associated to unerupted teeth. The case was treated by enucleation of the lesion under local anesthesia. Histopathological examination confirmed the diagnostic suspicious of dentigerous cyst. Currently, 3-year follow-up period showed no signs of recurrence, and it was observed eruption of the teeth associated to the lesion. This case highlights the importance of the association between clinical and radiographic analysis together to the surgical findings, aiming the best treatment for the patient.

  20. INTRACORNEAL AND SCLERAL CYST FOLLOWING CATARACT EXTRACTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel van Rij

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. A six-year-old boy presented with a large progressive intracorneal and scleral cyst. Two years before, bilateral cataract surgery through a 6.5-mm corneal incision was performed elsewhere.Methods. The posterior wall of the cyst could be excised, as well as the anterior wall in the sclera. Upon histo-pathology the cyst wall was lined by epithelium. The epithelial cells of the anterior side in the cornea were removed with a curette and a corpus alienum drill. Three and a half years after removal of the cyst, there was no recurrence. Visual acuity was 0.8. Conclusions. An intracorneal and scleral inclusion cyst was successfully removed by surgical excision and the removal of epithelial cells by a curette and a corpus alienum drill.

  1. Arrangements of hepatobiliary cystadenoma complicated with congenital choledochal cyst: a case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, En-Liang; Shi, Shi-Dai; Huang, Yong; Wu, Lin-Quan

    2015-01-01

    Hepatobiliary cystadenoma complication with congenital choledochal cyst is extremely rare and has never been reported in literatures so far.The aim of the study was to investigate the disease arrangements by analyzing the case and performing a systematic review of the literature.This case report documents the details and clear patterns of the patient. A 65-year-old woman with fever (39.2°C), nausea, vomiting, and chronic hepatitis B imaging demonstrated a left hepatic multilocular cystic mass and cystic dilated common bile duct.A regular left hemihepatectomy was performed with resection of the entire tumor and choledochal cyst.The surgical margins were negative and a final diagnosis of hepatobiliary cystadenoma complicated with congenital choledochal cyst was established. The patient had an uneventful postoperative recovery and liver function returned to normal levels.Main lessons learned from this case are: the awareness should be raised about the disease to avoid misdiagnosis; preoperative ultrasonography, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography play an important role in detecting the lesion; the scope and timing of the surgery should be determined, which provide the chance of cure to complete resection of the tumor.

  2. Chlamydia Peritonitis and Ascites Mimicking Ovarian Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anar Gojayev

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID rarely results in diffuse ascites. Severe adhesive disease secondary to PID may lead to the formation of inclusion cysts and even pelvic peritoneal nodularity due to postinflammatory scarring and cause an elevation of serum CA-125 levels. The constellation of these findings may mimic an ovarian neoplasm. Case. We report a case of a 22-year-old female who presented with multiple pelvic cysts and diffuse ascites due to Chlamydia trachomatis infection. The initial gynecologic exam did not reveal obvious evidence of PID; however, a positive Chlamydia trachomatis test, pathologic findings, and the exclusion of other etiologies facilitated the diagnosis. Conclusion. Chlamydia trachomatis and other infectious agents should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a young sexually active female with abdominal pain, ascites, and pelvic cystic masses. Thorough workup in such a population may reduce the number of more invasive procedures as well as unnecessary repeat surgical procedures.

  3. unilatefial congenital multicystic dysplastic kidney mimicking cystic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Our patient presented in her 6m decade With recurrent right loin pain and a large rapidly 4. Nicol D. issues in the diagnosis oi renal cell carci- growing cystic renal mass which on CT scan noma- 5JU'"120001861298' a eared as a h 0v scul r t' l ' apsmimal solid yp a ta Emma CySt wt"? 5. Wilson_TE, Doelle EA, Cohan RH, ...

  4. Odontogenic cysts. A clinicopathological study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al Sheddi, Manal A

    2012-03-01

    To determine the relative frequency of OC, and compare it with previous studies. A retrospective review of histopathology archives in the College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia of the period 1984-2010 was carried out from September 2010 to February 2011. Diagnosis was confirmed according to the World Health Organization histological classification for odontogenic tumors published in 2005. The relevant clinicopathological data were analyzed. A total of 470 cases satisfied the diagnostic criteria as OC. They represented approximately 11% of all pathologic specimens accessioned. Apical radicular cyst (64.3%) was the most frequent OC, followed by dentigerous cyst (25.1%). The overall male to female ratio was 1.40:1. The mean age of patients at diagnosis was 30 years. It peaked at the second to third decade. The mandible was involved in 48.5%, and the maxilla in 43.6% of the cases. The prevalence of OC is similar to those reported in other studies, in which most OC were inflammatory in origin. They peaked at the second to third decade with the posterior mandible and anterior maxilla being the most frequent sites affected. Studies from different regions of KSA are needed to further understand these lesions.

  5. Sports participation with arachnoid cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strahle, Jennifer; Selzer, Béla J; Geh, Ndi; Srinivasan, Dushyanth; Strahle, MaryKathryn; Martinez-Sosa, Meleine; Muraszko, Karin M; Garton, Hugh J L; Maher, Cormac O

    2016-04-01

    OBJECT There is currently no consensus on the safety of sports participation for patients with an intracranial arachnoid cyst (AC). The authors' goal was to define the risk of sports participation for children with this imaging finding. METHODS A survey was prospectively administered to 185 patients with ACs during a 46-month period at a single institution. Cyst size and location, treatment, sports participation, and any injuries were recorded. Eighty patients completed at least 1 subsequent survey following their initial entry into the registry, and these patients were included in a prospective registry with a mean prospective follow-up interval of 15.9 ± 8.8 months. RESULTS A total 112 patients with ACs participated in 261 sports for a cumulative duration of 4410 months or 1470 seasons. Of these, 94 patients participated in 190 contact sports for a cumulative duration of 2818 months or 939 seasons. There were no serious or catastrophic neurological injuries. Two patients presented with symptomatic subdural hygromas following minor sports injuries. In the prospective cohort, there were no neurological injuries CONCLUSIONS Permanent or catastrophic neurological injuries are very unusual in AC patients who participate in athletic activities. In most cases, sports participation by these patients is safe.

  6. Intramuscular Hemangioma Mimicking an Adnexal Malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selen Dogan

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Intramuscular hemangiomas were defined as vascular malformations according to the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA classification. Aggressive appearance on radiologic images but nonaggressive course of these lesions results in diagnostic challenge for the clinicians that are unfamiliar with these lesions. Here, we present a 49-year-old woman as a rare case of mixed type intramuscular hemangioma originating from pelvic floor muscles, mimicking a malignant adnexal mass.

  7. Intramuscular Hemangioma Mimicking an Adnexal Malignancy

    OpenAIRE

    Selen Dogan

    2013-01-01

    Intramuscular hemangiomas were defined as vascular malformations according to the International Society for the Study of Vascular Anomalies (ISSVA) classification. Aggressive appearance on radiologic images but nonaggressive course of these lesions results in diagnostic challenge for the clinicians that are unfamiliar with these lesions. Here, we present a 49-year-old woman as a rare case of mixed type intramuscular hemangioma originating from pelvic floor muscles, mimicking a malignant adnex...

  8. Is Ultrasonography Useful in the Diagnosis of Nasolabial Cyst?

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmet H. Acar; Ümit Yolcu; Fatih Asutay

    2014-01-01

    Nasolabial cysts are nonodontogenic cysts that occur beneath the ala nasi. Its pathogenesis is uncertain. Because the nasolabial cyst is a soft tissue lesion, plain radiographs are useless. CT and MRI should be evaluated. In this report, a nasolabial cyst is described including its features on ultrasonography (USG) and CT exams.

  9. Is Ultrasonography Useful in the Diagnosis of Nasolabial Cyst?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet H. Acar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Nasolabial cysts are nonodontogenic cysts that occur beneath the ala nasi. Its pathogenesis is uncertain. Because the nasolabial cyst is a soft tissue lesion, plain radiographs are useless. CT and MRI should be evaluated. In this report, a nasolabial cyst is described including its features on ultrasonography (USG and CT exams.

  10. Urachal cyst presenting as abdomino-inguino-scrotal tumour | Amah ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abdomino-inguino-scrotal exploration revealed a pre-peritoneal multi-septate cyst spanning from the umbilicus to the dome of the urinary bladder. In addition there was herniation of this cyst into the right inguino-scrotal space. The cyst yielded 1.7litres of straw coloured fluid. Results: Drainage of the cyst with total excision of ...

  11. Giant Presternal Dermoid Cyst: An Adult Case | Lakranbi | Annals of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Epidermal cysts are more common above the shoulder and within the face and scalp. The authors report a case of giant presternal dermoid cyst in a 25 year old man. The case illustrates that dermoid cysts can appear in atypical location. Dermoid cysts should be considered in the differential diagnosis of midsternal lesions ...

  12. Clinical, radiological, and histopathological analysis of paraovarian cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avantika Gupta

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: In our study, most paraovarian cysts occur in reproductive age group and present as an adnexal mass. Ultrasound is the diagnostic modality and a paraovarian cyst needs to be differentiated from ovarian cyst. Most of them were simple cysts on histopathology.

  13. {sup 99m}Tc-RBC Hepatic Scintiscan in focal Hepatic Lesions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Do Yun; Yoo, Hyung Sik; Lee, Jong Tae; Kim, Ki Whang; Park, Chang Yun [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Park, Chan Hee [Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Phila (United States)

    1987-09-15

    39 patients with focal hepatic lesions were evaluated by {sup 99m}Tc-RBC liver scan. The diagnosis of focal hepatic lesions were made by percutaneous needle biopsy, angiography, surgery, or clinical courses. These diagnoses included 24 cases of hemangioma, 7 hepatomas, 6 metastatic disease, 1 abscess, and 1 cyst. 19 hemangiomas showed focal hot activity on delayed static planar images. 3 small deep seated hemangiomas were diagnosed by SPECT that would have been missed by planar images alone. 2 large hemangiomas had no radioisotope uptake within the lesions on delayed images and at surgery cavernous hemangioma with thrombosis, calcification, and fibrosis were found. For hepatic hemangiomas in our series, the sensitivity was 91.7% and the specificity was 100%. The remaining 15 patients including hepatomas, metastatic lesions, cyst and abscess showed cold defect on delayed blood pool images. It is concluded that{sup 99m}Tc-RBC liver scan should be the choice of primary diagnostic procedure for clinically suspected hepatic hemangioma since its inexpensive, non-invasive, and readily available.

  14. Conservative management of dentigerous cysts in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arjona-Amo, Manuel; Serrera-Figallo, María-Angeles; Hernández-Guisado, José-María; Gutiérrez-Pérez, José-Luis; Torres-Lagares, Daniel

    2015-12-01

    Dentigerous cysts are epithelial in origin and are the most commonly found cyst in children. The majority of these lesions are usually a radiological finding and are capable of quite large before being diagnosed. The standard treatment for these cysts is the enucleation and the extraction of the affected tooth. However, if the patient is a child and the affected tooth is not developed, a more conservative attitude should be considered. (Clinical case): A 7-year-old patient is presented with an eruptive backlog of the lower permanent first molars. Radiological examination reveals two radiolucid lesions in relation to them, which are compatible with a dentigerous cyst, and in relation to the inferior aveolar nerve and various germs. A partial enucleation is carried out, maintaining all the dental germs related to the cyst in mouth and monitoring the patient until the case study is over. Diagnosis and early treatment of these lesions in children is of great importance, especially in cases where the lesions enclose permanent teeth. Whenever possible, a conservative attitude should be taken, one that allows for the maintenance of the dentition and treatment of the associated cyst in order to not compromise either the occlusion or the mental state of these patients. Dentigerous cyst, conservative treatment, dental impaction, child.

  15. Microscopic features of the lateral periodontal cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shear, M; Pindborg, J J

    1975-03-01

    The lateral periodontal cyst is of developmental odontogenic origin and must be differentiated from the gingival cyst of adults, a primordial cyst in a lateral periodontal position, and a cyst of inflammatory origin. This paper is based on a histologic study of five cases. Four were in the mandibular premolar region and one in the lateral incisor-canine region of the maxilla. The cysts are lined by a thin non-keratinized epithelium which resembles the reduced enamel epithelium. Many of them arecharacterized by the presence of localized plaque-like thickenings of their epithelial linings, consisting of fusiform or large swollen, edematous cells. These epithelial thickenings appear to result from a localized proiferation of basal cells. The lateral periodontal cyst may arise initially as a dentigerous cyst which develops by expansion of the follicle along the lateral surface of the crown and comes to lie on the lateral aspect of the root if tooth eruption is normal. Alternatively, it may arise from the cell rests of Malassez.

  16. [Operative treatment of symptomatic nerve root cysts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspar, W; Nabhan, A; Kelm, J; Loew, C; Ahlhelm, F

    2001-01-01

    Nerve root cysts are often asymptomatic and show a predilective manifestation for the lumbo-sacral spine. Depending on their size and the anatomic relationship to the nerve roots they may cause symptoms such as pain or even neurological deficits. From the therapeutical point of view, different moldalities of intervention are controversially discussed because the clinical importance of this entity is still unclear. There are curative as well as symptomatic therapeutic options. The curative therapy includes surgical excision of the cyst and duraplasty whereas the symptomatic therapy is limited to drainage of the cyst. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of surgical excision of the cyst with duraplasty using microsurgical techniques. This study included 13 patients who suffered from pain and neurological deficits with myelographically and MRI proven sacral nerve root cysts. All patients underwent surgery for cyst excision plus duraplasty. Clinical symptoms such as pain and sensory deficits significantly improved in all patients postoperatively. 85 % of the patients showed a full recovery from the previously existing radicular pain and motoric as well as sensory deficits. All patients reported a significant improvement of their preoperative loss in muscle strength. Surgical excision combined with duraplasty using microsurgical techniques has proven to be the method of choice in the treatment of symptomatic sacral nerve root cysts.

  17. The predominant bacteria isolated from radicular cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tek, Mustafa; Metin, Murat; Sener, Ismail; Bereket, Cihan; Tokac, Murat; Kazancioglu, Hakki O; Ezirganli, Seref

    2013-09-05

    To detect predominant bacteria associated with radicular cysts and discuss in light of the literature. Clinical materials were obtained from 35 radicular cysts by aspiration. Cultures were made from clinical materials by modern laboratory techniques, they underwent microbiologic analysis. The following are microorganisms isolated from cultures: Streptococcus milleri Group (SMG) (23.8%) [Streptococcus constellatus (19.1%) and Streptococcus anginosus (4.7%)], Streptococcus sanguis (14.3%), Streptococcus mitis (4.7%), Streptococcus cremoris (4.7%), Peptostreptococcus pevotii (4.7%), Prevotella buccae (4.7%), Prevotella intermedia (4.7%), Actinomyces meyeri (4.7%), Actinomyces viscosus (4.7%), Propionibacterium propionicum (4.7%), Bacteroides capillosus (4.7%), Staphylococcus hominis (4.7%), Rothia denticariosa (4.7%), Gemella haemolysans (4.7%), and Fusobacterium nucleatum (4.7%). Results of this study demonstrated that radicular cysts show a great variety of anaerobic and facultative anaerobic bacterial flora. It was observed that all isolated microorganisms were the types commonly found in oral flora. Although no specific microorganism was found, Streptococcus spp. bacteria (47.5%) - especially SMG (23.8%) - were predominantly found in the microorganisms isolated. Furthermore, radicular cysts might be polymicrobial originated. Although radicular cyst is an inflammatory cyst, some radicular cyst fluids might be sterile.

  18. Surgical treatment of congenital biliary duct cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang De-chun

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is acknowledged that total cyst excision is a safe and ideal surgical treatment for congenital biliary duct cyst, compared to simple internal drainage. The aim of this study was to determine the optimal operation occasion and the effect of laparoscopy on congenital biliary duct cyst based upon total cyst excision. Methods From January 2002 to January 2011, 217 patients were admitted to Southwest Hospital for congenital biliary duct cyst. To determine the optimal surgery occasion, we divided these subjects into three groups, the infant group (age ≤ 3 years, the immaturity group (3 18 years, and then evaluated the feasibility, risk and long-term outcome after surgery in the three groups. To analyze the effect of laparoscopic technique on congenital biliary duct cyst, we divided the patients into the laparoscopy and the open surgery groups. Results Among the three groups, the morbidity from cholangiolithiasis before surgical treatment had obvious discrepancy (p 0.05. Similarly, no significant discrepancy was observed in the morbidity from postoperative complications or long-term postoperative complications (p > 0.05 between the laparoscopic and the open surgery groups. Conclusions We conclude that total cyst excision should be performed as early as possible. The optimal treatment occasion is the infant period, and laparoscopic resection may be a new safe and feasible minimally invasive surgery for this disease.

  19. Minocycline hydrochloride sclerotherapy of renal cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Se Kweon; Kweon, Tae Beom; Seong, Hun; Jang, Kyung Jae; Chun, Byung Hee [Dae Dong General Hospital, Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Hack Jin [Pusan National University College of Medicine, pusan (Korea, Republic of)

    1994-08-15

    To report the effectiveness of Minocin sclerotherapy in the treatment of renal cysts. We performed minocin sclerotherapy to 19 patients with 21 renal cysts composed of 17 cases of solitary renal cyst and three cases of multiple renal cyst and one case of polycystic kidney confirmed by ultrasound and CT. After aspiration of cyst fluid, if the amount was less than 50 ml, 500 mg of minocin was mixed with 3 ml of normal saline, if more than 50 ml, 1000 mg of minocin mixed with 5 ml of normal saline were injected, and each case was followed-up over 3 months by ultrasound. Of all 21 renal cysts, 14 cases were followed-up three months after minocin sclerotherapy. In 12 of 14 case, the size of the cysts decreased by 10% or collapsed completely. Of the remaining two cases, one collapsed after 6 months while the other recurred after 6 months. Three cases were followed up after 20 months and only one of them recurred. 19 of all 21 cases(91%) were cured, and two of 21 cases(9%) were recurred. Pain was the only complaint and four of 10 cases needed analgesics. Sclerotherapy with minocin has low recurrence-rate and low complication, and relatively early high cure-rate.

  20. 9 CFR 311.25 - Parasites not transmissible to man; tapeworm cysts in sheep; hydatid cysts; flukes; gid bladder...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...; tapeworm cysts in sheep; hydatid cysts; flukes; gid bladder-worms. 311.25 Section 311.25 Animals and Animal... cysts in sheep; hydatid cysts; flukes; gid bladder-worms. (a) In the disposal of carcasses, edible... 315 of this subchapter, it shall be condemned. (b) In the case of sheep carcasses affected with...

  1. CT Imaging Findings of Ruptured Ovarian Endometriotic Cysts: Emphasis on the Differential Diagnosis with Ruptured Ovarian Functional Cysts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Young Rae [Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-02-15

    The purpose of this study is to assess the prevalence of abnormal CT findings in patients with surgically proven ruptured endometriotic cysts, as compared with those abnormal CT findings of ruptured ovarian functional cysts. This study included 13 retrospectively identified patients with surgically confirmed ruptured ovarian endometriotic cysts and who had also undergone preoperative CT scanning during the previous seven years. As a comparative group, 25 cases of surgically confirmed ruptured ovarian functional cysts were included. We assessed the morphologic features of the cysts and the ancillary findings based on CT. For the endometriotic cysts, the mean maximum cyst diameter was significantly larger than that of the functional cysts (70.1 mm versus 36.4 mm, respectively, p < 0.05). The endometriotic cysts frequently had a multilocular shape and a thicker cyst wall, as compared to that of functional cysts, and these differences were statistically significant. Among the ancillary findings, endometriotic cysts showed a significantly higher prevalence of loculated ascites, ascites confined to the pelvic cavity without extension to the upper abdomen, and peritoneal strandings and infiltrations (p < 0.05). Although 11 of the 25 cases of functional cysts showed active extravasation of contrast material at the ovarian bleeding site, only one of 13 cases of endometriotic cysts showed active extravasation. The diagnosis of ruptured endometriotic cyst should be suspected for a woman in whom CT reveals the presence of multilocular or bilateral ovarian cysts with a thick wall and loculated ascites confined to the pelvic cavity with pelvic fat infiltrations

  2. Hepatic Encephalopathy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... is a condition that causes temporary worsening of brain function in people with advanced liver disease. When ... travel through your body until they reach your brain, causing mental and physical symptoms of HE. Hepatic ...

  3. Hepatic Encephalopathy

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the Stages of Hepatic Encephalopathy? What Triggers or Can Cause HE to Get Worse? How is HE ... liver disease. When your liver is damaged it can no longer remove toxic substances from your blood. ...

  4. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Hepatic Encephalopathy so you can tell your doctor right away if you think you may have it. ... American Liver Foundation © 2018 American Liver Foundation. All rights reserved. Funding for the HE123 - Diagnosis, Treatment and ...

  5. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Get Worse? How is HE Diagnosed? Prior to Treatment Who treats HE? Preparing for your Medical Appointment Hepatic Encephalopathy Treatment Options Treatment Basics Treatment Medications Importance of Adhering ...

  6. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Hepatic Encephalopathy so you can tell your doctor right away if you think you may have it. ... American Liver Foundation © 2017 American Liver Foundation. All rights reserved. Funding for the HE123 - Diagnosis, Treatment and ...

  7. Viral Hepatitis

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    ... Us FAQs Ask a Question Toll Free Numbers Homeless Veterans Chat VA » Health Care » Viral Hepatitis » Veterans and ... Vet Centers) War Related Illness & Injury Study Center Homeless Veterans Returning Service Members Rural Veterans Seniors & Aging Veterans ...

  8. Hepatitis B

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    ... chemotherapy medicines have worked or lived in a prison had a blood transfusion or organ transplant before ... can lower your chances of developing serious health problems. Your doctor may recommend screening for hepatitis B ...

  9. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... to Treatment Who treats HE? Preparing for your Medical Appointment Hepatic Encephalopathy Treatment Options Treatment Basics Treatment ... treatment. Being a fully-informed participant in your medical care is an important factor in staying as ...

  10. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Symptoms to look for Caregiver Support Caregiver Stories Home › What is Hepatic Encephalopathy? Why Your Liver is ... questions about HE, one step at a time. Home About Us Ways to Give Contact Us Privacy ...

  11. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Stages of Hepatic Encephalopathy? What Triggers or Can Cause HE to Get Worse? How is HE Diagnosed? ... portosystemic encephalopathy or PSE, is a condition that causes temporary worsening of brain function in people with ...

  12. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Reading Webinars Caregivers The Role of a Caregiver Signs and Symptoms to look for Caregiver Support Caregiver ... and your family to become familiar with the signs of Hepatic Encephalopathy so you can tell your ...

  13. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Are the Symptoms of HE? What Are the Stages of Hepatic Encephalopathy? What Triggers or Can Cause ... may not be aware you have it. The stages of HE span from mild to severe and ...

  14. Autoimmune Hepatitis

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    ... person usually needs blood tests for an exact diagnosis because a person with autoimmune hepatitis can have the same symptoms as those of other liver diseases or metabolic disorders. Blood tests. A blood test involves drawing ...

  15. Hepatic hemangioma

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    ... MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer Support Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Tools Español You Are Here: Home → Medical Encyclopedia → Hepatic hemangioma URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/ ...

  16. Hepatic ischemia

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    ... MedlinePlus Site Map FAQs Customer Support Health Topics Drugs & Supplements Videos & Tools Español You Are Here: Home → Medical Encyclopedia → Hepatic ischemia URL of this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/ ...

  17. Hepatitis B

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    ... you need the vaccine The ABCs of Viral Hepatitis Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC): Fact Sheet ... Suite 750 Bethesda, MD 20814 T: (301) 656-0003 | F: (301) 907-0878 Privacy Policy Disclaimer Link to ...

  18. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... Cirrhosis of the Liver & Symptoms Why it’s Important to Treat HE Symptoms of Liver Failure Glossary of ... Hepatic Encephalopathy? What Triggers or Can Cause HE to Get Worse? How is HE Diagnosed? Prior to ...

  19. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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    Full Text Available ... liver is damaged it can no longer remove toxic substances from your blood. These toxins build up ... disease is. It’s important for you and your family to become familiar with the signs of Hepatic ...

  20. Hepatic Encephalopathy

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  1. Multiple giant pilar cyst distributed over the body since childhood

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Asilian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Trichilemmal cyst or pilar cyst is defined as a cyst containing keratin and its breakdown products. It is usually situated on the scalp with a wall resembling external hair root sheath. In this case report we present a 55-year-old man with multiple giant pilar cysts that were distributed over the whole body since childhood. One of the cyst on the chest was transformed to squamous cell carcinoma (SCC.

  2. Simple bone cysts of two brothers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    An, Seo Young; An, Chang Hyeon; Choi, Karp Shik [Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Kyungpook National University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2008-09-15

    17-year-old and 14-year-old brothers were referred for evaluation of the cystic lesions on the mandibular anterior area with no symptoms. Neither their mother nor the brothers could recall any past trauma to those areas. Panoramic and intraoral radiographs revealed moderately defined cystic lesions on their mandibular anterior areas. Biopsies on both lesions revealed simple bone cysts. Hereditary cause or familial history of simple bone cysts could not be found in literature review. This case may have been a coincidence. However, further investigation is needed to find the cause of simple bone cysts occurring in patients those are closely related.

  3. Unusual facet cyst containing struvite and hydroxyapatite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grantham, M.; Richmond, B. [Dept. of Musculoskeletal Radiology, Cleveland Clinic Foundation, OH (United States)

    2001-01-01

    This case report describes a patient with severe back pain and radiculopathy. She was found to have a facet cyst within the lumbar spine that appeared to contain calcium on MRI and CT. Upon aspiration the cyst was found to contain calcium ammonium phosphate (struvite) and calcium phosphate (hydroxyapatite). Ammonia production in the presence of urease-producing bacteria is responsible for the production of struvite in the human body. We postulate that there was a prior infection of the facet with urease-producing bacteria, thus accounting for the production of the struvite within the facet cyst. (orig.)

  4. Treatment options for intracranial arachnoid cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Anders Vedel; Danielsen, Patricia L; Juhler, Marianne

    2012-01-01

    The best surgical treatment of cerebral arachnoid cysts is yet to be established. Treatment options are shunting, endoscopic fenestration or microsurgical fenestration through craniotomy.Data from 69 patients with cerebral arachnoid cysts treated in our institution between 1997 and 2007 were......-up was 30 months. In the surgical series 79% (n = 45) had a good outcome.We conclude that the surgical treatment of arachnoid cysts has an overall good outcome. In our institution the best results were obtained with microsurgical decompression through craniotomy....

  5. Solid aneurysmal bone cyst of the mandible.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perrotti, Vittoria; Rubini, Corrado; Fioroni, Massimiliano; Piattelli, Adriano

    2004-10-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare, rapidly expanding, locally destructive, and often misdiagnosed lesion. It accounts for about 1-2% of primary biopsied bone tumours. About 60-70 cases have been reported in the jaws; particularly the molar regions. Eighty percent of patients are under 20 years of age. Aneurysmal bone cyst exists as a primary or secondary lesion. It may be conventional (95%) or solid (5%). The solid variant is more difficult to recognize. The practical importance of aneurysmal bone cyst lies in the fact that it must be differentiated from malignant tumours: mainly with giant cell tumours and teleangiectatic osteosarcoma.

  6. Aneurysmal bone cyst of the frontal sinus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, J H; Newcomer, M T; Murray, A D; Myer, C M

    2001-01-01

    Aneurysmal bone cysts are benign, vascular, cystic osseous tumors. Approximately 2% of all aneurysmal bone cysts are found in the head and neck region, with the most common site being the mandible. We report a case of an aneurysmal bone cyst arising from the frontal sinus in a pediatric patient. The diagnosis was suggested through various radiographic studies, with the final pathologic diagnosis confirmed after tumor excision. Complete en-bloc excision was performed by using a bifrontal craniotomy approach, with immediate reconstruction of the defect by using a split calvarial bone graft.

  7. Corneal epithelial inclusion cyst in a dog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Campos Carla de Freitas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available An unilateral corneal epithelial inclusion cyst in a 7-year-old male Boxer dog is reported. The cyst had been observed for thirty days, was unique, not congenital and only one eye was involved. Seven months prior to the referral the dog had manifested indolent corneal ulcer treated with grade keratotomy and third eyelid flap. The cyst was removed by superficial keratectomy followed by a conjunctival pedicle graft. Recovery was uncomplicated and there wasn?t recurrence seven months after the surgery.

  8. An Unusual Case of Hydatid Cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SA Mirhoseini

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Hydatidosis is a parasitic disease in all over the world which is caused by a Cestode (tape worm. Liver, lung, and brain are the most Common involved organs and involvement of muscles and bones is unusual. We report a 32years old man who had low back and radicular leg pain. He had a paravertebral mass with involvement of Spinal column. This patient was operated with differential diagnosis of tumor or hydatid cyst. The final diagnosis was hydatidosis of paravertebral muscles and vertebral column. Keywords: hydatidosis, p aravertebral muscle hydatid cyst, spinal column hydatid cyst

  9. Fetal goiter and bilateral ovarian cysts

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Pernille; Sundberg, Karin; Juul, Anders

    2008-01-01

    A unique case of fetal goiter accompanied by bilateral ovarian cysts in a mother treated with methimazole for Graves'disease is reported. The abnormal findings were detected by ultrasound at 31 weeks of gestation. Umbilical fetal blood sampling revealed elevated serum TSH, normal concentrations....... The thyroid gland appeared normal in size, and cord blood TSH and free T 4 were both within normal limits. At ultrasound control 6 days later, the right ovarian cyst was not visible, while the left cyst was still present. Thus, our report supports previous findings that fetal goiter can be treated...

  10. Intestinal epidermoid cyst in a cat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niederhäuser, S; Schaffartzik, A; Tschuor, F; Baeumlin, Y; Kühn, N; Glaus, T

    2015-10-01

    A 3-year-old cat was presented with anorexia and vomiting. Palpation revealed a caudal abdominal mass. Ultrasound and explorative abdominal surgery revealed a cystic mass in the jejunum. Histopathologic findings were consistent with an epidermoid cyst. The cyst was likely of congenital origin, since the cat had not undergone previous abdominal surgery, and gradually grew to reach a size that caused intestinal obstruction. Extrapolating from findings in people, intestinal epidermoid cysts are considered benign with a good long-term prognosis when completely excised.

  11. Laparoscopic management of neonatal ovarian cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oak Sanjay

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The first prenatal detection of an ovarian cyst was by Valenti in 1975. Since then antenatal and neonatal ovarian cysts are encountered more frequently due to the improvement of imaging techniques as well as routine antenatal ultrasound scanning. We discuss here the laparoscopic management of three cases of neonatal ovarian cysts. This approach is well tolerated by neonates, and it may overcome the controversy between the ′wait and see′ policy and early surgical intervention, as laparoscopy has both diagnostic and therapeutic value with minimal morbidity, and ovarian salvage whenever possible.

  12. Sacral Tarlov cyst: surgical treatment by clipping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cantore, Giampaolo; Bistazzoni, Simona; Esposito, Vincenzo; Tola, Serena; Lenzi, Jacopo; Passacantilli, Emiliano; Innocenzi, Gualtiero

    2013-02-01

    This study reports the anatomopathological classification of Tarlov cysts and the various treatment techniques described in the literature. The authors present their patient series (19 cases) with a long follow-up (range 9 months to 25 years) treated by cyst remodeling around the root using titanium clips. The technique is effective in both avoiding cerebrospinal fluid leakage and resolving bladder dysfunction when urinary symptoms are incomplete and discontinuous. The clipping technique for Tarlov cysts is easy, valid, safe, rapid, and effective. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Caroli's disease misdiagnosed as hydatid liver cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akoglu, M.; Davidson, B. R.

    1991-01-01

    A 27 year old woman who presented with upper abdominal pain was found on ultrasonography to have multiple liver cysts consistent with hydatid disease. Three years previously she had undergone evacuation of multiple infected liver cysts thought to be due to hydatid disease. Computed tomographic scanning supported the diagnosis of hydatid disease affecting the right lobe of the liver. At laparotomy the right lobe contained multiple cysts which were removed by right lobectomy. Histology revealed congenital dilatation of the intrahepatic bile ducts with fibrosis (Caroli's disease) but no evidence of hydatid disease. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 PMID:2057431

  14. Concurrent hepatic adenomatoid tumor and hepatic hemangioma: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ji-Beom; Yu, Eunsil; Shim, Ju-Hyun; Song, Gi-Won; Kim, Gwang Un; Jin, Young-Joo; Park, Ho-Seop

    2012-06-01

    A 45-year-old male with alleged asymptomatic hepatic hemangioma of 4 years duration had right upper-quadrant pain and was referred to a tertiary hospital. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed a hypervascular mass of about 7 cm containing intratumoral multilobulated cysts. A preoperative liver biopsy was performed, but this failed to provide a definitive diagnosis. The patient underwent a partial hepatectomy of segments IV and VIII. The histologic findings revealed multifocal proliferation of flattened or cuboidal epithelioid cells and a highly vascular edematous stroma. Immunohistochemistry findings demonstrated that the epithelioid tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3), vimentin, calretinin, and cytokeratin 5/6, and were focally positive for CD10, and negative for WT1 and CD34, all of which support their mesothelial origin. Immunohistochemistry for a mesothelial marker should be performed for determining the presence of an adenomatoid tumor when benign epithelioid cells are seen.

  15. Concurrent hepatic adenomatoid tumor and hepatic hemangioma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ji-Beom Kim

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A 45-year-old male with alleged asymptomatic hepatic hemangioma of 4 years duration had right upper-quadrant pain and was referred to a tertiary hospital. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans revealed a hypervascular mass of about 7 cm containing intratumoral multilobulated cysts. A preoperative liver biopsy was performed, but this failed to provide a definitive diagnosis. The patient underwent a partial hepatectomy of segments IV and VIII. The histologic findings revealed multifocal proliferation of flattened or cuboidal epithelioid cells and a highly vascular edematous stroma. Immunohistochemistry findings demonstrated that the epithelioid tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3, vimentin, calretinin, and cytokeratin 5/6, and were focally positive for CD10, and negative for WT1 and CD34, all of which support their mesothelial origin. Immunohistochemistry for a mesothelial marker should be performed for determining the presence of an adenomatoid tumor when benign epithelioid cells are seen.

  16. Botryoid odontogenic cyst developing from lateral periodontal cyst: A rare case and review on pathogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piyush Arora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Botryoid odontogenic cyst (BOC is considered to be a polycystic variant of the lateral periodontal cyst (LPC as the specimen resembled a cluster of grapes. It is a non-inflammatory odontogenic cyst. The BOCs can be unicystic or multicystic. These cysts have potential to extend in the bone and become multilocular and they have a high recurrence rate. Till now, only 73 cases of BOC have been reported. The pathogenesis of BOC is still debatable. We review different pathogenesis proposed for BOC and discuss a rare case of BOC developing from lining of an abnormally large LPC which showed aggressive behaviour in terms of growth and size.

  17. Aneurysmal bone cyst: recent experiences

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ji, Hoon; Suh, Jin Suck [College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-12-15

    In 4 patients with aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs), radiologic findings of their conventional x-rays, 99mTc-MDP bone scans and CT scans were reviewed. On CT scans, 3 patients revealed so called 'the fluid-fluid levels'. It must be one of the specific findings which is able to diagnose the ABC. When we performed the ultrasonography in a patient with the ballooning out lesion on right ilium, multiple horizontal echogenic lines were observed in the supine and decubitus position. It could be interpreted as a identical finding to the fluid-fluid levels on CT. Therefore ultrasonography is also one of the specific diagnostic tools to detect the ABC. Transcatheter embolization was beneficial in reducing operation time and blood loss, and in supplying clear operation field.

  18. Hepatitis B Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... worldwide 2 Billion People have been infected with Hepatitis B Worldwide The Hepatitis B Foundation is working ... of people living with hepatitis B. Learn About Hepatitis B in 11 Other Languages . Resource Video See ...

  19. Hepatitis A FAQs

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Professional Resources Patient Education Resources Quick Links to Hepatitis … A | B | C | D | E Viral Hepatitis Home ... Grantees Policy and Programs Resource Center Viral Hepatitis Hepatitis A Questions and Answers for the Public Recommend ...

  20. Hepatic lesions that mimic metastasis on radiological imaging during chemotherapy for gastrointestinal malignancy: Recent updates

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    You, Sung Hye; Park, Beom Jin; Kim, Yeul Hong [Anam Hospital, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-06-15

    During chemotherapy in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy, the hepatic lesions may occur as chemotherapy-induced lesions or tumor-associated lesions, with exceptions for infectious conditions and other incidentalomas. Focal hepatic lesions arising from chemotherapy-induced hepatopathies (such as chemotherapy-induced sinusoidal injury and steatosis) and tumor-associated eosinophilic abscess should be considered a mimicker of metastasis in patients with gastrointestinal malignancy. Accumulating evidence suggests that chemotherapy for gastrointestinal malignancy in the liver has roles in both the therapeutic effects for hepatic metastasis and injury to the non-tumor bearing hepatic parenchyma. In this article, we reviewed the updated concept of chemotherapy-induced hepatopathies and tumor-associated eosinophilic abscess in the liver, focusing on the pathological and radiological findings. Awareness of the causative chemo-agent, pathophysiology, and characteristic imaging findings of these mimickers is critical for accurate diagnosis and avoidance of unnecessary exposure of the patient to invasive tissue-based diagnosis and operation.

  1. Feature Hepatitis: Hepatitis Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Navigation Bar Home Current Issue Past Issues Feature Hepatitis Hepatitis: Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment & Prevention Past Issues / Spring 2009 ... No appetite Fever Headaches Diagnosis To check for hepatitis viruses, your doctor will test your blood. You ...

  2. [Surgical revision and correction of choledochal cysts].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arenas Márquez, H; López-Neblina, F; Anaya Prado, R; Gutiérrez de la Rosa, J L; Lua, T

    1992-01-01

    Choledochal cyst are a rare congenital abnormality, seldom treated by the General Surgeon. We report six cases of re-operation found on a eighth year period. Six cysts type I, and one type II (Todani's Classification) were found. On five of them, an internal derivation had been performed, in one patient only a celiotomy was performed, and in another one a colecistectomy. Complete resection of the cyst was performed in six cases. In one female patient, this was impossible, because a carcinoma was found, she died postoperatively. We recommend external bile duct drainage for those cases where a complete resection can not be performed. This option alleviates the symptoms, allows morphological studies and do not compromise the final procedure which must be the complete excision of the cyst.

  3. Post-traumatic extensive knee ganglion cyst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehran Mahvash

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available A rare case of a posttraumatic extensive ganglion cyst of the anterolateral thigh with connection to the knee joint is presented. A 54- year-old man presented a palpable mass in the anterolateral region of his right thigh with a 15 months existing sense of fullness and tightness. He had an accident with his bicycle 21 months ago. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI was performed showing a cyst inside the quadriceps femoris muscle between vastus lateralis and intermedius with connection to recessus suprapatellaris and knee joint. In addition MRI detected a traumatic lesion in the quadriceps femoris tendon in the near of the knee joint. The ganglion cyst was 18 cm long and was excised completely. Intraope - ratively, the knee joint connection was confirmed and excised as well. The ganglion cyst was filled with a gelatinous and viscous fluid.

  4. Infected paratracheal air cyst; A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun Jeong; Jou, Sung Shick; Kim, Young Tong; Han, Jong Kyu [Dept. of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-07-15

    An air-filled paratracheal cyst is a common radiological finding. It may be a congenital defect or an acquired lesion. 'Acquired paratracheal cyst' is the term given to the acquired abnormalities, which usually arise in adults. They result from a weakness of the tracheal wall, and they may be caused by trauma, infection, high pressure injuries, long lasting tracheostomy, and obstructive tracheal disease. Majority of the paratracheal air cysts are asymptomatic and are discovered incidentally on radiological images. Also, the management is primarily conservative treatment. Here, we report a case of an infected paratracheal air cyst on the right posterolateral wall of the trachea, which developed into an abscess and was visualized on follow-up multidetector computed tomography and was surgically removed due to persistent symptoms.

  5. Floating Vitreous Cyst: Two Clinical Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alenka Lavric

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report two cases of solitary unilateral vitreous cyst. Methods: A complete ocular examination, fundus photography, B-scan ultrasound and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography were performed in both patients. Results: The first patient (a 39-year-old man presented with transient blurred vision in the right eye. The second patient (a 78-year-old man reported transient blurred vision in the right eye when changing head position. He was referred to the Eye Hospital because of vitreomacular traction in the other eye. After examination, a diagnosis of vitreous cyst was made in both cases. Conclusions: Vitreous cysts are rare clinical findings. They can occur in normal eyes or in eyes with certain ocular pathologies. When a cyst floats into the visual axis area, it can disturb visual function; therefore, patients usually report transient blurring of vision. A prompt clinical examination is necessary for differentiating this rare condition.

  6. Phaeomycotic cysts caused by Phoma species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vasoo, Shawn; Yong, Lee Kien; Sultania-Dudani, Priyanka; Scorza, Mary Lou; Sekosan, Marin; Beavis, Kathleen G; Huhn, Gregory D

    2011-08-01

    Phoma species are primarily phytopathogens which have been reported to sporadically cause human disease. We report a patient with phaeohyphomycotic cysts caused by Phoma species, which were initially mistaken for ganglions. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. [Congenital medulloblastoma associated with intracranial arachnoid cyst].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelabert González, Miguel; Serramito-García, Ramón; Liñares Paz, Mercedes; Aran-Echabe, Eduardo; García-Allut, Alfredo

    2014-01-01

    Arachnoid cysts are very common lesions in paediatric patients, with treatment depending on their location and symptomatology. They are usually solitary cysts but may be associated with other central nervous system diseases such as tumours and congenital deformities. We describe the case of a neonate diagnosed with an arachnoid cyst of the quadrigeminal cistern treated by endoscopy. After the operation, the child's condition worsened; a CT scan revealed a midline posterior fossa tumour not visible in the preoperative neuroradiological tests. The tumour, a medulloblastoma, was partially removed. Given the child's age and the poor prognosis, oncological treatment was not undertaken. The association between medulloblastoma and arachnoid cyst is very rare, and we could find only one such case in the literature. Copyright © 2012 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  8. Voice Change Due to Paratracheal Air Cysts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youn Ju Rhee

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Paratracheal air cysts are a rare entity in which cystic formation occurs adjacent to the trachea. Most patients with paratracheal air cysts are asymptomatic, and the cysts are detected incidentally on chest radiograph or computed tomography (CT scan. Most symptomatic patients complain of pulmonary symptoms or repeated r espiratory i nfection. R arely, t he a ir c ysts c an l ead t o paralysis o f the recurrent l aryngeal n erve a s a result of direct compression. We report a case of a 59-year-old male patient who presented with voice change, and the cause was identified as paratracheal air cysts on a chest CT scan. Surgical resection via video- assisted mediastinoscopy was performed, and the voice recovered immediately after the operation.

  9. Vocal Cord Nodules, Polyps, and Cysts

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in three forms; nodules, polyps, and cysts. Vocal Cord Nodules (also called Singer's Nodes, Screamer's Nodes) Vocal ... when overuse of the area is stopped. Vocal Cord Polyp A vocal cord polyp typically occurs only ...

  10. Right ventricular hydatid cyst ruptured to pericardium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feridoun Sabzi

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cardiac hydatidosis is rare presentation of body hydatidosis. Incidence of cardiac involvements range from 5% to 5% of patients with hydatid disease. Most common site of hydatid cyst in heart is interventricular septum and left ventricular free wall. Right ventricular free wall involvement by cyst that ruptured to pericardial cavity is very rare presentation of hydatid cyst. Cardiac involvement may have serious consequences such as rupture to blood steam or pericardial cavity. Both the disease and its surgical treatment carry a high complication rate, including rupture leading to cardiac tamponade, anaphylaxis and also death. In the present report, a 43-year-old man with constrictive pericarditis secondary to a pericardial hydatid cyst is described.

  11. Chest wall ectopic synovial bursa cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michail, P; Filis, C; Pikoulis, E; Varelas, P; Kyrochristos, D; Mihail, S; Bastounis, E

    1999-11-01

    We report an unusual case of chest wall tumor in a 27-year-old patient. A complete resection was accomplished, and the patient had an excellent postoperative course. Histologically, the mass was confirmed to be an ectopic synovial bursa cyst. Although rare, synovial cysts should be considered in any case of a fluctuating chest wall mass. We also discuss the etiology and diagnostic approach of cystic masses of the chest wall.

  12. Aneurysmal bone cyst and other nonneoplastic conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dahlin, D.C.; McLeod, R.A.

    1982-08-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst is a benign proliferative tumefaction of bone. Histologic similarities indicate a kinship among classic aneurysmal bone cysts, essentially 'solid' proliferative lesions in bones; giant cell reparative granulomas of the jaws, at the base of the skull, and in the small bones of the hands and feet; skeletal lesions of hyperparathyroidism; and even pseudosarcomatous myositis ossificans, proliferative myositis, and proliferative fasciitis.

  13. Aneurysmal bone cyst of the zygomatic bone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Jun Yong; Ko, Young-Il; Kwon, Ho; Jung, Sung-No

    2014-01-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst is a rare, non-neoplastic lesion that mostly involves the long bone and the spine, and is characterized by its expansile, vascular, and multi-cystic features. Reports of facial bone lesions are rare, and when it occurs, is usually located in the mandible. Herein, this report is aimed to describe a very rare case of an aneurysmal bone cyst in the zygoma with a brief review of the literature.

  14. Multiple parapelvic cysts in Fabry disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María A. Azancot

    2016-05-01

    We present the case of a male Fabry disease patient who manifested no angiokeratoma lesions but presented multiple parapelvic cysts and renal failure. The genetic study revealed an alpha-GLA A gene mutation that had not been recorded in the mutations registry. The de novo mutation was not found in his relatives and it was not transmitted to his offspring. The large number and peculiar appearance of the parapelvic cysts led to the diagnosis.

  15. [Intrasellar arachnoid cyst: a case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanaka, Y; Hayashi, S; Nakai, M; Ryujin, Y; Uematsu, Y; Nakai, K; Itakura, T

    1995-09-01

    Intrasellar arachnoid cyst is very rare. We report a case of intrasellar arachnoid cyst. A 44-year-old male was admitted for evaluation of his headache and visual disturbance on August 6, 1993. Neurological examination revealed bilateral decreased visual acuity and visual field defect. Endocrinological examination showed panhypopituitarism. Other neurological findings were normal. X-ray film of the skull showed a ballooning dilation of the sella turcica with thinning of the sellar floor. CT scan showed a cystic lesion with CSF-density occupied the sella. After intravenous administration of contrast medium, the cyst showed no enhancement. MRI showed the intrasellar mass had the same characteristics as the surrounding subarachnoid space. Bilateral carotid angiographies demonstrated that the carotid siphons were stretched and displaced laterally, and the A1 portions of the anterior cerebral arteries were raised. We made a diagnosis of intrasellar cystic lesion. On August 18, the sella turcica was opened via the transsphenoidal rhinoseptal approach. The cyst contained CSF-like fluid, and a part of the cyst wall was resected. The cavity was filled with Gelfoam and the sellar floor was repaired with bone flap. Postoperatively, the patient's visual disturbance improved, but diabetis insipidus appeared and required hormonal replacement. The patient was discharged on September 27 with improvement of visual acuity and visual field. Histological examination demonstrated that the cyst wall consisted of thick arachnoidal cells with fibrous connective tissue. The arachnoidal cells with oval nuclei was stained with epithelial membrane antigen. Symptoms, signs and radiological findings of intrasellar arachnoid cyst are similar to those of various sellar lesions including pituitary adenoma, craniopharyngioma, empty sella, Rathke's cleft cyst, epidermoid et al.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  16. Hypertrophic Nonunion Humerus Mimicking an Enchondroma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. K. Magu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Although fractures of humeral shaft show excellent results with conservative management, nonunion does occur. Case Report. We bring forth the case of a young male with a 1.5-year-old hypertrophic nonunion of the humerus mimicking an enchondroma. The initial X-ray images of the patient appeared to be an enchondroma, which only on further evaluation and histopathological analysis was diagnosed conclusively to be a hypertrophic nonunion. Discussion. Enchondromas are often incidentally diagnosed benign tumours. It is however not common to misdiagnose a hypertrophic nonunion to be an enchondroma. We present this case to highlight the unique diagnostic dilemma the treating team had to face.

  17. Central skeletal sarcoidosis mimicking metastatic disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Talmi, Danit; Smith, Stacy; Mulligan, Michael E. [University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2008-08-15

    Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease that histologically typically shows non-caseating granulomas. The most common radiologic finding is hilar and mediastinal adenopathy. Patients with widely disseminated disease may show involvement of the peripheral appendicular skeleton in 1-13% of such cases. A primary skeletal presentation without other manifestations typical of the disease is rare. We present a case of sarcoidosis in a middle-aged Caucasian man in whom the disease presented with widespread lytic lesions in the axial skeleton and long bones, mimicking metastatic disease. There was no involvement of the peripheral skeleton, skin or lungs. (orig.)

  18. Benzalkonium Chloride Intoxication Mimicking Herpes Zoster Encephalitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekrem Güler

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Benzalkonium chloride (BAC is a frequently used disinfectant and its most well-known side effect is contact dermatitis. In this report, two children who had vesicular dermatitis, headache, lethargy, fever and encephalopathy mimicking Herpes zoster encephalitis were presented. Their consciousness level improved on the second day. From the medical history it was understood that the mother had applied 20% BAC solution to the scalps of two children. The aim of the presentation of this report is to draw attention to the fact that BAC application to the scalp for treating pediculosis capitis may resemble the herpes encephalitis clinical picture.

  19. Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Mimicking Fulminant Periorbital Cellulitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Bagheri

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To report a patient who was referred for orbital cellulitis but was finally diagnosed with acute leukemia. Case Report: A 17-year-old boy presented with fever, periorbital erythema and swelling mimicking periorbital cellulitis. He underwent empiric antibiotic therapy. Complete blood counts revealed leukocytosis with a predominance of immature blast cells. Bone marrow aspiration confirmed the diagnosis of acute myelogenous leukemia. Chemotherapy was initiated resulting in resolution of signs and symptoms. Conclusion: Acute leukemia may mimic periorbital cellulitis and must be considered in the differential diagnosis.

  20. Immunoglobulin G4-Related Disease Mimicking Asthma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Sekiguchi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Immunoglobulin (Ig G4-related disease (also known as ‘IgG4-related sclerosing disease’, ‘IgG4-related systemic disease’ or ‘hyper-IgG4-disease’ is a recently recognized systemic fibroinflammatory disease associated with IgG4-positive plasma cells in tissue lesions. IgG4-related disease was initially described as autoimmune pancreatitis, but it is now known to affect virtually any organ. The authors describe a patient presenting with multi-organ manifestations, including airway inflammation mimicking asthma, pulmonary parenchymal infiltrates, intrathoracic lymphadenopathy, submandibular gland swelling and a kidney mass.

  1. Ultrasound biomicroscopic analysis of iris cysts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedro-Aguilar, L; Fuentes-Cataño, C; Pedroza-Seres, M

    2016-02-01

    To describe the ultrasound biomicroscopic (UBM) features and complications associated with iris cysts. A retrospective case series. Thirteen patients with iris cysts were identified in a 10 year period study at a ophthalmologic reference Center in Mexico City. The variables included demographic data, ocular and medical history, clinical course, and complications. All patients were examined by UBM, and type, number, location, and acoustic characteristics of cysts were evaluated. Descriptive statistics were performed. Thirteen patients were included (8 men and 5 women). The mean age was 44.5 ± 15.5 years (range 6-70 years). The origin most prevalent was neuroepithelial (92.3%), and 7.7% had stromal cysts. Regarding to location 76.9% were found in the periphery, and 69.2% between meridians II and VI. All cysts showed a moderate to high reflectivity in the wall. Complications were present in 38.5% of cases (15.4% partial angle closure, 15.4% secondary angle closure glaucoma and 7.7% dyscoria). Most cysts are derived from iris pigmented epithelium, with a benign course and a minor rate of complications. The UBM is an indispensable tool that allows us to plan more specific and conservative treatments, with less damage to ocular structures and, therefore, better visual prognosis. Copyright © 2015 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  2. Tarlov Cyst Causing Sacral Insufficiency Fracture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puffer, Ross C; Gates, Marcus J; Copeland, William; Krauss, William E; Fogelson, Jeremy

    2017-06-01

    Tarlov cysts, also known as perineural cysts, have been described as meningeal dilations of the spinal nerve root sheath between the peri- and endoneurium at the dorsal root ganglion. Most often they are found in the sacrum involving the nerve roots. Normally asymptomatic, they have been reported to present with radiculopathy, paresthesias, and even urinary or bowel dysfunction. Sacral insufficiency has not been a well-documented presentation. The patient is a 38-year-old female who started to develop left low back pain and buttock pain that rapidly progressed into severe pain with some radiation down the posterior aspect of her left leg. There was no recent history of spine or pelvic trauma. These symptoms prompted her initial emergency department evaluation, and imaging demonstrated a large Tarlov cyst with an associated sacral insufficiency fracture. She was noted to have a normal neurological examination notable only for an antalgic gait. She was taken to surgery via a posterior approach and the cyst was identified eccentric to the left. The cyst was fenestrated and the nerve roots identified. Given her large area of bone erosion and insufficiency fractures, fixation of the sacroiliac joints was deemed necessary. Fusion was extended to the L5 vertebral body to buttress the fixation. She tolerated the procedure well and was discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 3. Tarlov cysts of the sacrum can lead to significant bone erosion and subsequent insufficiency fractures, requiring fenestration and in some cases, complex sacropelvic fixation.

  3. A Pediatric Patient With an Orbital Respiratory Epithelial Cyst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohn, Jason E; Bahrami, Arash; Monteleone, Christina; Pascasio, Judy Mae; Davis, Wellington J

    2017-11-01

    Respiratory epithelial cysts are rare orbital cysts that can arise secondary to choristomatous rests of respiratory epithelium. Approximately 15 congenital cases have been described in the literature, making it a rare disease entity. We present a case of a 14-month-old Middle Eastern male with a right infraorbital respiratory epithelial cyst. Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and orbits revealed a right infraorbital cyst hyperintense on T1-weighted images and followed fluid density on T2-weighted images. This cyst was noted to displace the globe superiorly and inferior rectus muscle laterally. This cyst was excised using a transconjunctival approach. Histologically, the cyst wall was lined by ciliated columnar cells with interspersed mucus-containing cells and ciliated transitional epithelium was present, establishing the diagnosis of respiratory epithelial cyst. To our knowledge, this is the youngest patient with a respiratory epithelial cyst of the orbit reported in the literature.

  4. Assessment of the accuracy of preoperative imaging methods in the diagnosis of hepatic single-chamber echinococcosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hołody-Zaręba, Joanna; Zaręba, Konrad Piotr; Kędra, Bogusław

    2013-12-01

    Echinococcosis is an infectious disease, caused by larval stages of cestode species of the genus Echinococcus. The course of the disease is determined on the basis of the location and larval size. In 80-95% of cases echinococcosis is located in the liver and lungs, rarely in the brain. Symptoms are usually uncharacteristic for an uncomplicated disease. The diagnosis of echinococcosis is based on imaging and immunodiagnostic tests. The aim of the study was to assess the accuracy of preoperative imaging methods in the diagnosis of hepatic single- chamber echinococcosis. Amongst the 110 patients with hepatic cysts diagnosed during the period between 2000 and 2009, a group of 30 subjects with suspicion of single-chamber echinococcosis (ultrasound and CT) was isolated. The imaging methods visualized structures typical for hydatid cysts: the mother cyst with satellite cysts called " honeycomb appearance", cysts with calcified walls and compartments, and endocyst separation called "water lily-sign". The study group comprised 22 female and 8 male patients with an average age of 52±16.2 years. The histopathological examination of the excised cyst verified the diagnosis. Single-chamber echinococcosis was finally recognized in 19 cases, while in the 11 remaining cases the parasitic disease was excluded. The sensitivity of imaging methods was estimated at 73.7%, specificity - 88.9%, negative predictive value - 61.5%, positive predictive value - 93.3%, Youden`s factor - 0.626, and Φ index - 0.586. In conclusion, the presence of an unilocular cyst with an uniform anechoic content can be a simple cyst or single-chamber echinococcus cyst. The typical, characteristic image of a hydatid cyst, such as the "water lily-sign" is rarely observed during imaging examinations. It has also been shown that cystic calcification, observed during ultrasonography and computed tomography was evidence of the parasitic character of the lesion.

  5. Long Segment Spinal Dural Cyst: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aoyama, Tatsuro; Miyaoka, Yoshinari; Ogiwara, Toshihiro; Ito, Kiyoshi; Seguchi, Tatsuya; Hongo, Kazuhiro

    2016-04-01

    Spinal meningeal cysts are a rare benign disease that can cause myelopathy. In most cases, spinal meningeal cysts consist of an arachnoid membrane. To the best of our knowledge, few articles have report on intradural spinal meningeal cyst consisting of dura mater. A 58-year-old man presented to our institute with aggravation of clumsy hands and dysesthesia of the feet. Magnetic resonance imaging of the entire spine revealed a cystic lesion compressing the spinal cord posteriorly. Cyst fenestration and placement of the cyst-subarachnoid shunt was performed via an anterior approach. Postoperatively, the histopathologic results revealed that the cyst wall consisted of a dura mater-like membrane. The patient's symptoms resolved without the appearance of any new neurologic deficits. The etiology of spinal meningeal cysts remains unclear. Spinal meningeal cysts consisting of dura mater (spinal dural cysts) are extremely rare. Treatment with only decompression with laminectomy causes enlargement of the dural cyst later. Cyst fenestration and placement of a cyst-subarachnoid shunt for the spinal dural cyst resulted in the resolution of myelopathy and cyst shrinkage. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Liver Cancer and Hepatitis B

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Clinical Trials Physician Directory HBV Meeting What Is Hepatitis B? What Is Hepatitis B? The ABCs of Viral Hepatitis Liver Cancer and Hepatitis B Hepatitis Delta Coinfection Hepatitis C Coinfection HIV/AIDS ...

  7. Hepatitis B & C and HIV

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    ... Find Services HIV SERVICES LOCATOR Locator Search Search Hepatitis B & C Topics Hepatitis B Hepatitis C Hepatitis ... Infections Sexually Transmitted Diseases Smoking Women's Health Issues Hepatitis B Virus and Hepatitis C Virus Infection People ...

  8. Hepatitis C: Sex and Sexuality

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    ... with Hepatitis » Sex and Sexuality: Entire Lesson Viral Hepatitis Menu Menu Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Home For ... hepatitis C virus through sex. Can you pass hepatitis C to a sex partner? Yes, but it ...

  9. Hepatitis C: Diet and Nutrition

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... with Hepatitis » Daily Living: Diet and Nutrition Viral Hepatitis Menu Menu Viral Hepatitis Viral Hepatitis Home For ... have high cholesterol and have fatty liver. How hepatitis C affects diet If you have hepatitis, you ...

  10. Some Renal Masses Did Not “Read the Book”: A Case of a High Grade Hybrid Renal Tumor Masquerading as a Renal Cyst on Non-contrast Imaging

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hal D. Kominsky

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Hybrid renal tumors (HRT are rare neoplasms that contain both benign and malignant components. Sporadic solitary HRT that contain high-grade malignant pathology appear to be extremely rare [1]. We describe a case at our institution of a tumor that was characterized as a type-2 papillary RCC and atypical oncocytoma hybrid that mimicked a simple cyst on non-contrast computed tomography.

  11. Correlations between MDCT features and clinicopathological findings of hepatic paragonimiasis.

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    Li, Xue-ming; Yu, Jian-qun; Yang, Zhi-gang; Chu, Zhi-gang; Peng, Li-qing; Kushwaha, Sudarshan

    2012-04-01

    To illustrate the MDCT features of hepatic paragonimiasis and correlate the results with clinicopathological findings. Eighteen patients (8 male, 10 female; mean age 37years) with hepatic paragonimiasis were included in this study. MDCT features of their hepatic lesions were retrospectively reviewed and correlated with clinicopathological findings. All patients were lifelong residents in endemic areas of paragonimiasis, especially Paragonimiasis skrjabini variety. Abdominal pain or discomfort, fever and high eosinophil percentage were the predominant clinical features. In total, 21 lesions were detected on MDCT images, 18 (85.7%) directly contacted the hepatic capsule and 3 (14.3%) were adjacent to the capsule. Segment V (26%), VIII (26%) and VI (18.5%) were the most commonly involved sites. Sixteen lesions (76%) were conglomerated cystic or multilocular and 5 (24%) were solid. On plain MDCT scan, the margin and internal detail of the lesions were not clear except for one cystic variety, while they were clearly demonstrated on enhanced images. Single or multiple cysts with different diameters were commonly detected in the non-solid lesions, and some of them were mutually connected with tortuous tract formation. Among the solid lesions, 2 and 3 showed tubular and homogeneous enhancement, respectively. Peripherally distributed lesions, mutually connected cysts with tortuous tract formation, and tubular enhancement, which may be closely associated with the infection route and migration of the worm, could be seen as the main MDCT features of hepatic paragonimiasis. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Synchronization of Calcifying Odontogenic Cyst and Aneurysmal Bone Cyst: A Case Report

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    Jahanshah Salehinejad

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Although aneurysmal bone cysts and calcifying odontogenic cysts accompanied with other lesions are reported in the literature, the simultaneous occurrence of these two distinct lesions has not been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report describing co-occurrence of these two lesions located in the left mandibular ramusin a 36-year-old woman.

  13. The diagnosis and management of synovial cysts: Efficacy of surgery versus cyst aspiration

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    Epstein, Nancy E.; Baisden, Jamie

    2012-01-01

    Background: The surgical management of lumbar synovial cysts that have extruded into the spinal canal remains controversial (e.g. decompression with/without fusion). Methods: The neurological presentation, anatomy, pathophysiology, and surgical challenges posed by synovial cysts in the lumbar spine are well known. Neurological complaints typically include unilateral or, more rarely, bilateral radicular complaints, and/or cauda equina syndromes. Anatomically, synovial cysts constitute cystic dilatations of synovial sheaths that directly extrude from facet joints into the spinal canal. Pathophysiologically, these cysts reflect disruption of the facet joints often with accompanying instability, and potentially compromise both the cephalad and caudad nerve roots. Results: Aspiration of lumbar synovial cysts, which are typically gelatinous and non-aspirable, and typically performed by “pain specialists” (e.g. pain management, rehabilitation, radiologists, others) utilizing fluoroscopy or CT-guided aspiration, is associated with 50–100% failure rates. Surgical decompression with/without fusion (as the issue regarding fusion remains unsettled) results in the resolution of back and radicular pain in 91.6–92.5% and 91.1–91.9% of cases, respectively. Conclusions: After a thorough review of the literature, it appears that the treatment with the best outcome for patients with synovial cysts is cyst removal utilizing surgical decompression; the need for attendant fusion remains unsettled. The use of an alternative treatment, percutaneous aspiration of cysts, appears to have a much higher recurrence and failure rate, but may be followed by surgery if warranted. PMID:22905322

  14. Clinical and Histologic Mimickers of Celiac Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamboj, Amrit K; Oxentenko, Amy S

    2017-08-17

    Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder of the small bowel, classically associated with diarrhea, abdominal pain, and malabsorption. The diagnosis of celiac disease is made when there are compatible clinical features, supportive serologic markers, representative histology from the small bowel, and response to a gluten-free diet. Histologic findings associated with celiac disease include intraepithelial lymphocytosis, crypt hyperplasia, villous atrophy, and a chronic inflammatory cell infiltrate in the lamina propria. It is important to recognize and diagnose celiac disease, as strict adherence to a gluten-free diet can lead to resolution of clinical and histologic manifestations of the disease. However, many other entities can present with clinical and/or histologic features of celiac disease. In this review article, we highlight key clinical and histologic mimickers of celiac disease. The evaluation of a patient with serologically negative enteropathy necessitates a carefully elicited history and detailed review by a pathologist. Medications can mimic celiac disease and should be considered in all patients with a serologically negative enteropathy. Many mimickers of celiac disease have clues to the underlying diagnosis, and many have a targeted therapy. It is necessary to provide patients with a correct diagnosis rather than subject them to a lifetime of an unnecessary gluten-free diet.

  15. A classic mimicker of systemic vasculitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno-Ariño, Marc; Ortiz-Santamaria, Vera; Deudero Infante, Aída; Ayats Delgado, Montserrat; Novell Teixidó, Francesc

    2016-01-01

    Embolic and constitutional manifestations of intracavitary cardiac tumors are included within the classic mimickers of systemic vasculitis, especially in those in which there are no cardiac manifestations. We present a case report of atrial myxoma in which the patient only presented systemic symptoms and in whom an initial diagnostic approach of systemic vasculitis was made. We also performed a literature search of the cases described. A case report of atrial myxoma with atypical presentation manifested as a systemic disease with no concomitant cardiac symptoms is described. The case report is discussed and 11 cases of atrial myxoma pseudovasculitis described in the literature are reviewed, emphasizing their similarities and differences. Constitutional symptoms and cutaneous manifestations were the most common. Most of the cases showed partial response to glucococorticosteroid treatment, reinforcing the theory of the inflammatory role in its pathogenesis. Mean delayed time to diagnosis was 12.27 months. Atrial myxoma is a systemic vasculitis mimicker, this being difficult to diagnose in the absence of cardiac manifestations. This delay in diagnosis entails serious complications. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. y Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  16. Ultrasound artifacts mimicking pleural sliding after pneumonectomy.

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    Cavaliere, Franco; Zamparelli, Roberto; Soave, Maurizio P; Gargaruti, Riccardo; Scapigliati, Andrea; De Paulis, Stefano

    2014-03-01

    To determine the presence of pleural sliding on chest ultrasonography (US) in a series of patients admitted to a surgical intensive care unit (SICU). Prospective, observational study. 16-bed SICU of a University hospital. 8 patients (7 men, 1 woman), aged 64 - 73 years (mean 67.5 yrs). Seven patients underwent pneumonectomy for pulmonary neoplasms; one patient underwent an atypical lung resection after having undergone a pneumonectomy one year before. None. Chest ultrasounds were performed during mechanical ventilation and spontaneous ventilation after endotracheal tube removal. In both examinations, pleural sliding was searched bilaterally in brightness mode (B-mode) and motion mode (M-mode) on the anterior thoracic wall in the least gravitationally dependent areas. During mechanical ventilation, pleural sliding was always absent on the side of the pneumonectomy and present on the other side. During spontaneous ventilation, some artifacts mimicking pleural sliding were noted on the side of the pneumonectomy both in B-mode and M-mode (presence of the seashore sign) in all patients, except for the one patient who had undergone a pneumonectomy one year earlier. Those artifacts became more pronounced during deep breaths. Ultrasound artifacts mimicking pleural sliding may be observed in the absence of the lung and may originate from the activity of intercostal muscles since they become more evident during deep breathing. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Dentigerous cyst associated with a mesiodens: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vosough Hosseini, Sepideh; Moradzadeh, Monir; Lotfi, Mehrdad; Ala Aghbali, Amir; Fattahi, Shirin

    2011-01-01

    Dentigerous cysts are the second most common odontogenic cysts after radicular cysts and are most commonly seen in association with third molars and maxillary canines. Only 5% of dentigerous cysts involve supernumerary teeth, of which mesiodens is the most frequent type. This paper presents a case of dentigerous cyst associated with a mesiodens that caused a painless swelling in the upper lip of an 18-year-old female. The patient was treated surgically by enucleation of total cyst and surgical extraction of mesiodens under local anesthesia.

  18. Dentigerous Cyst Associated with a Mesiodens: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sepideh Vosough Hosseini

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Dentigerous cysts are the second most common odontogenic cysts after radicular cysts and are most commonly seen in association with third molars and maxillary canines. Only 5% of dentigerous cysts involve supernumerary teeth, of which mesiodens is the most frequent type. This paper presents a case of dentigerous cyst associated with a mesiodens that caused a painless swelling in the upper lip of an 18-year-old female. The patient was treated surgically by enucleation of total cyst and surgical extraction of mesiodens under local anesthesia.

  19. Isolated Hydatid Cyst of Ankle: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuna Demirdal

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid cyst is a zoonotic infection usually caused by Echinococcus granulosus. Hydatid cysts are most often localized in the liver and lungs. Isolated cases of hydatid cyst in soft tissue is very rare. The incidance of isolated soft tissue hydatid cyst is 2.3% in endemic areas. Medical treatment is successful in 30-40% of cases. The first choice of treatment is surgery, especially in atypical localization of hydatid cyst. We aimed to present our patient with ankle hydatid cyst, a rare case in the literature.

  20. Aneurysmal Bone Cyst: An Analysis of 38 Cases and Report of Four Unusual Surface Ones.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shooshtarizadeh, Tina; Movahedinia, Sajjadeh; Mostafavi, Hassan; Jamshidi, Khodamorad; Sami, Sam Hajialiloo

    2016-04-01

    Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a benign expansile bone tumor, most commonly involving the medulla of long bones. ABC rarely arises within the cortex or in the subperiosteal region, radiographically mimicking other conditions, in particular surface osteosarcomathat is low-grade in nature and may go secondary ABC changes, and telangiectatic osteosarcoma. Both of these are sometimes mistaken microscopically for primary ABC. We review the characteristics of ABC cases in our center and report four unusualsurface ABCs arising in the subperiosteal or cortical region of long bones, identified among 38 histologically proven ABCs during a four-year period in our center. The surface ABCs occurred at an older agewith a predilection for diaphysis of femur, tibia, and humerus.