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Sample records for hepatic artery stenosis

  1. The Sonographic Stenosis Index: A New Specific Quantitative Measure of Transplant Hepatic Arterial Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Thomas X; Hippe, Daniel S; McNeeley, Michael F; Dighe, Manjiri K; Dubinsky, Theodore J; Chan, Sherwin S

    2017-04-01

    This study evaluates the sensitivity and specificity of stenosis index (SI), which accounts for the entire spectral Doppler waveform, to detect significant transplant hepatic arterial stenosis. In this institutional review board-approved, HIPAA compliant study, we retrospectively analyzed 69 patients who had catheter angiography for suspected transplant hepatic arterial stenosis (THAS) between January 2006 and December 2010; all patients had Doppler ultrasound within 30 days before angiography. Patients with angiographic stenosis requiring intervention were considered positive for THAS. Stenosis index was calculated from each patient's spectral Doppler ultrasound images by obtaining the ratio of the area under the high-frequency signal to low-frequency signal in the spectral Doppler. Resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) were also calculated. Receiver operator curve analysis was performed and the area under the curve (AUC) was compared among the three metrics. Forty-eight of 69 patients had THAS by angiography requiring intervention; 21patients had no angiographic evidence of THAS. SI was significantly different (P transplant hepatic artery stenosis. © 2016 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  2. Primary stent placement for hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le, Linda; Terral, William; Zea, Nicolas; Bazan, Hernan A; Smith, Taylor A; Loss, George E; Bluth, Edward; Sternbergh, W Charles

    2015-09-01

    Significant hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) can lead to thrombosis, with subsequent liver failure in 30% of patients. Although operative intervention or retransplantation has been the traditional solution, endovascular therapy has emerged as a less invasive treatment strategy. Prior smaller studies have been conflicting in the relative efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) vs primary stent placement for HAS. This was a single-center retrospective review of all endovascular interventions for HAS after OLT during a 54-month period (August 2009-December 2013). Patients with ultrasound imaging with evidence of severe HAS (peak systolic velocity >400-450 cm/s, resistive index arterial rupture and two hepatic artery dissections. The long-term risk of hepatic artery thrombosis in the entire patient cohort was 3.2%. HAS after OLT can be treated endovascularly with high technical success and excellent primary assisted patency. This series represents the largest reported cohort of endovascular interventions for HAS to date. Initial use of a stent showed a strong trend toward decreasing the need for reintervention. Avoidance of hepatic artery thrombosis is possible in >95% of patients with endovascular treatment and close follow-up. Copyright © 2015 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Endovascular treatment of hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamby, Blake A; Ramirez, Daniel E; Loss, George E; Bazan, Hernan A; Smith, Taylor A; Bluth, Edward; Sternbergh, W Charles

    2013-04-01

    Hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after orthotopic liver transplantation is a significant risk factor for subsequent hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT). HAT is associated with a 30%-50% risk of liver failure culminating in retransplantation or death. Traditional treatment of hepatic artery complications has been surgical, with hepatic artery revision or retransplantation. Endovascular therapy of HAS, described primarily in the interventional radiology literature, may provide a less-invasive treatment option. This was a retrospective review of all endovascular interventions performed for HAS after orthotopic liver transplantation over a 31-month period (August 2009 to January 2012). Patients with duplex ultrasound imaging evidence of severe main HAS (peak systolic velocity of >400 cm/s, resistive index of ultrasound imaging to assess for treatment success and late restenosis. Reintervention was performed if significant restenosis occurred. Thirty-five hepatic artery interventions were performed in 23 patients. Over the 31-month study period, 318 orthotopic liver transplantations were performed, yielding a 7.4% (23/318) rate of hepatic artery intervention. Primary technical success was achieved in 97% (34/35) of cases. Initial treatment was with PTA alone (n = 10) or primary stent placement (n = 13). The initial postintervention ultrasound images revealed improvements in hepatic artery peak systolic velocity (267 ± 118 [posttreatment] vs 489.9 ± 155 cm/s [pretreatment]; P hepatic artery resistive index (0.61 ± 0.08 [posttreatment] vs 0.41 ± 0.07 [pretreatment]; P arterial rupture managed endovascularly and one artery dissection that precipitated HAT and required retransplantation. The overall rate of HAT in the entire cohort was 4.3% (1/23). Endovascular treatment of HAS can be performed with high technical success, excellent primary-assisted patency, and acceptable morbidity. Initial use of a stent may improve primary patency when compared with PTA. The need for

  4. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment for Hepatic Artery Stenosis after Liver Transplantation: The Role of Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Vidjak, Vinko; Novačić, Karlo; Matijević, Filip; Kavur, Lovro; Slavica, Marko; Mrzljak, Anna; Filipec-Kanižaj, Tajana; Leder, Nikola Ivan; Škegro, Dinko

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: To retrospectively analyze the outcomes of interventional radiology treatment of patients with hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation at our Institution. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hepatic artery stenosis was diagnosed and treated by endovascular technique in 8 (2.8%) patients, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2007 and July 2011. Patients entered the follow-up period, during which we analyzed hepatic artery patency with Doppler ultrasound at 1, 3, 6, ...

  5. Ultrasound findings after endovascular stent deployment in transplant liver hepatic artery stenosis

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lall, Neil U; Bluth, Edward I; Sternbergh, 3rd, W C

    2014-01-01

    Endovascular stenting is a safe, effective treatment of hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplant, but no detailed evaluation has been completed of changes in ultrasound monitoring parameters after stenting...

  6. The use of coronary stent in hepatic artery stenosis after orthotopic liver transplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huang Mingsheng [Department of Radiology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Shan Hong [Department of Radiology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China)]. E-mail: gzshsums@public.guangzhou.gd.cn; Jiang Zaibo [Department of Radiology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Li Zhengran [Department of Radiology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Zhu Kangshun [Department of Radiology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Guan Shouhai [Department of Radiology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Qian Jiesheng [Department of Radiology, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Chen Guihua [Transplantation Center, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Lu Minqiang [Transplantation Center, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China); Yang Yang [Transplantation Center, the Third Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510630, Guangdong Province (China)

    2006-12-15

    Purpose: This retrospective study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of coronary stent placement in hepatic artery stenosis after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Materials and methods: Of 430 consecutive adult orthotopic liver transplant recipients between November 2003 and September 2005, 17 had hepatic artery stenosis (HAS). Fourteen of them underwent coronary stent placement in the HAS. The technical results, complications, hepatic artery patency and clinical outcome were reviewed. Results: Technical and immediate success was 100%. After a mean follow-up of 159.4 days (range, 9-375 days), all patients obtained patent hepatic arteries except 2 patients occurred hepatic artery restenoses at 26 and 45 days after stent placement, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curve of patency showed cumulated stent patency at 3, 6, and 12 months of 78%, 58% and 45%, respectively. During the follow-up, 8 patients survived, 5 died of septic multiple-organ failure, 1 received retransplantation because of refractory biliary infection. Hepatic artery dissection induced by a guiding catheter occurred in one patient and was successfully treated with a coronary stent. Conclusion: Hepatic artery stenosis after OLT can be successfully treated with coronary stent placement with low complication rate and an acceptable 1-year hepatic artery patency rate.

  7. Radiologic management of hepatic arterial stenosis or thrombosis following liver transplantation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shin, Byung Suck; Sung, Kyu Bo; Lim, Soo Mee; Yoon, Hyun Ki; Song, Ho Young [Asan Medical Center, Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-06-01

    To assess the results and usefulness of interventional procedures for hepatic arterial stenosis or thrombosis following liver transplantation. During the past five years, eight patients aged 1-59 (mean, 39) years among 187 liver transplant recipients showed elevated of liver enzyme levels (AST/ALT) and decreased arterial flow at Doppler ultrasound. Hepatic arteriography revealed luminal stenosis or occlusion at the proper hepatic artery, and six patients, one of whom required thrombolysis before the procedure, underwent percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) using a balloon. In two with thrombosis, thrombolysis without PTA was performed. In order to increase hepatic arterial flow, four patients underwent additional coil embolization of the gastroduodenal or splenic artery. Hepatic arterial flow recovered in all six patients after PTA. Three required repeat PTA for restenosis and one of these needed stent placement after repeated PTA. At follow-up, 6-17 months later, the three had good hepatic function. Within four days, the other three expired due to graft failure, hepatorenal syndrome and sepsis. One of the patients who underwent thrombolysis without PTA expired and the other required retransplantation. In this case there were no procedure - related complications. Radiologic interventions are useful for treatment of hepatic arterial stensis or thrombosis in patients with liver transplantations.

  8. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment for Hepatic Artery Stenosis after Liver Transplantation: The Role of Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidjak, Vinko; Novačić, Karlo; Matijević, Filip; Kavur, Lovro; Slavica, Marko; Mrzljak, Anna; Filipec-Kanižaj, Tajana; Leder, Nikola Ivan; Škegro, Dinko

    2015-01-01

    To retrospectively analyze the outcomes of interventional radiology treatment of patients with hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation at our Institution. Hepatic artery stenosis was diagnosed and treated by endovascular technique in 8 (2.8%) patients, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2007 and July 2011. Patients entered the follow-up period, during which we analyzed hepatic artery patency with Doppler ultrasound at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after percutaneous endovascular treatment (PTA), and every six months thereafter. During the 12-month follow-up period, 6 out of 8 patients (75%) were asymptomatic with patent hepatic artery, which was confirmed by multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography, or color Doppler (CD) ultrasound. One patient had a fatal outcome of unknown cause, and one patient underwent orthotopic liver retransplantation (re-OLT) procedure due to graft failure. Our results suggest that HAS angioplasty and stenting are minimally invasive and safe endovascular procedures that represent a good alternative to open surgery, with good 12-month follow-up patency results comparable to surgery.

  9. Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment for Hepatic Artery Stenosis after Liver Transplantation: The Role of Percutaneous Endovascular Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidjak, Vinko; Novačić, Karlo; Matijević, Filip; Kavur, Lovro; Slavica, Marko; Mrzljak, Anna; Filipec-Kanižaj, Tajana; Leder, Nikola Ivan; Škegro, Dinko

    2015-01-01

    Summary Background To retrospectively analyze the outcomes of interventional radiology treatment of patients with hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation at our Institution. Material/Methods Hepatic artery stenosis was diagnosed and treated by endovascular technique in 8 (2.8%) patients, who underwent liver transplantation between July 2007 and July 2011. Patients entered the follow-up period, during which we analyzed hepatic artery patency with Doppler ultrasound at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after percutaneous endovascular treatment (PTA), and every six months thereafter. Results During the 12-month follow-up period, 6 out of 8 patients (75%) were asymptomatic with patent hepatic artery, which was confirmed by multislice computed tomography (MSCT) angiography, or color Doppler (CD) ultrasound. One patient had a fatal outcome of unknown cause, and one patient underwent orthotopic liver retransplantation (re-OLT) procedure due to graft failure. Conclusions Our results suggest that HAS angioplasty and stenting are minimally invasive and safe endovascular procedures that represent a good alternative to open surgery, with good 12-month follow-up patency results comparable to surgery. PMID:26150902

  10. Ultrasound findings after endovascular stent deployment in transplant liver hepatic artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lall, Neil U; Bluth, Edward I; Sternbergh, W C

    2014-03-01

    Endovascular stenting is a safe, effective treatment of hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplant, but no detailed evaluation has been completed of changes in ultrasound monitoring parameters after stenting. This study aims to improve poststenting surveillance by delineating the expected postoperative findings. Thirty-one stent procedures were performed at our institution for hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplant between October 2010 and October 2012. Of these, 28 (90%) were technically successful, of which 23 met the minimum follow-up time (76 days, defined by the earliest diagnosed restenosis). These patients were followed with serial ultrasound, per the following schedule: within 1 week of stenting, 3 months after stenting, 6 months after stenting, and every 6 months thereafter; additional, unscheduled examinations were frequently performed when indicated on the basis of deterioration of clinical and laboratory status. Follow-up examinations (mean, 268 days total follow-up) were compared with prestenting examinations to evaluate changes in peak systolic velocity (PSV), resistive index (RI), and tardus-parvus waveforms. Data were analyzed to determine a normal range for postprocedure values and time course of change in values. Of the 23 patients, six experienced restenosis. In all patients, mean PSV decreased by 124 cm/s, and mean RI increased by 0.13 within 48 hours after stenting. PSV differed between patency and restenosis groups only at more than 90 days after stenting (mean PSV, 234 and 400 cm/s, respectively), with PSV above 300 cm/s serving as a high-sensitivity threshold for the determination of restenosis. Prestenting RI of below 0.40 had a strong correlation with restenosis. Poststenting RI differed between patency and restenosis groups only at more than 48 hours after stenting, with RI of below 0.55 having a strong correlation with restenosis. Tardus-parvus waveform resolution was often delayed well beyond 48 hours after stenting, and

  11. Renal Branch Artery Stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersson, Zarah; Thisted, Ebbe; Andersen, Ulrik Bjørn

    2017-01-01

    Renovascular hypertension is a common cause of pediatric hypertension. In the fraction of cases that are unrelated to syndromes such as neurofibromatosis, patients with a solitary stenosis on a branch of the renal artery are common and can be diagnostically challenging. Imaging techniques...... that perform well in the diagnosis of main renal artery stenosis may fall short when it comes to branch artery stenosis. We report 2 cases that illustrate these difficulties and show that a branch artery stenosis may be overlooked even by the gold standard method, renal angiography....

  12. Complications after endovascular treatment of hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldsmith, Leighton E; Wiebke, Kristy; Seal, John; Brinster, Clayton; Smith, Taylor A; Bazan, Hernan A; Sternbergh, W Charles

    2017-11-01

    Hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) after liver transplantation can progress to hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) and a subsequent 30% to 50% risk of graft loss. Although endovascular treatment of severe HAS after liver transplantation has emerged as the dominant method of treatment, the potential risks of these interventions are poorly described. A retrospective review of all endovascular interventions for HAS after liver transplantation between August 2009 and March 2016 was performed at a single institution, which has the largest volume of liver transplants in the United States. Severe HAS was identified by routine surveillance duplex ultrasound imaging (peak systolic velocity >400 cm/s, resistive index liver transplant recipients during the study period, 106 angiograms were performed in 79 patients (6.9%) for severe de novo or recurrent HAS. Interventions were performed in 99 of 106 cases (93.4%) with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty alone (34 of 99) or with stent placement (65 of 99). Immediate technical success was 91%. Major complications occurred in eight of 106 cases (7.5%), consisting of target vessel dissection (5 of 8) and rupture (3 of 8). Successful endovascular treatment was possible in six of the eight patients (75%). Ruptures were treated with the use of a covered coronary balloon-expandable stent graft or balloon tamponade. Dissections were treated with placement of bare-metal or drug-eluting stents. No open surgical intervention was required to manage any of these complications. With a median of follow-up of 22 months, four of eight patients (50%) with a major complication progressed to HAT compared with one of 71 patients (1.4%) undergoing a hepatic intervention without a major complication (P liver transplant before intervention compared with 12.6% (9 of 71) of the patients in the noncomplication cohort (P = .097). Although endovascular treatment of HAS is safe and effective in most patients, target vessel injury is possible. Severe

  13. Perioperative Hemodynamic Monitoring of Common Hepatic Artery for Endovascular Embolization of a Pancreaticoduodenal Arcade Aneurysm with Celiac Stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shibata, Eisuke, E-mail: eisuke.shibata1130@gmail.com; Takao, Hidemasa; Amemiya, Shiori; Ohtomo, Kuni [The University of Tokyo, Department of Radiology, Graduate School of Medicine (Japan)

    2017-03-15

    This report describes perioperative hemodynamic monitoring of the common hepatic artery (CHA) during endovascular treatment of a pancreaticoduodenal arcade aneurysm, in a patient with celiac artery stenosis caused by the median arcuate ligament. Pressure monitoring was performed as a safety measure against critical complications such as liver ischemia. As the aneurysm was located in the anterior pancreaticoduodenal artery (APDA) and the posterior pancreaticoduodenal artery (PPDA) was small in caliber, the patient was considered to be at a high risk of liver ischemia. No significant change in pressure was observed in the CHA on balloon occlusion test in the APDA. Immediately after embolization, the PPDA enlarged and the pressure in the CHA was well maintained. Pressure monitoring appears to improve patient safety during endovascular treatment of visceral aneurysms.

  14. Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Understanding Task Force Recommendations Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (Task Force) ... final recommendation statement on Screening for Carotid Artery Stenosis. This final recommendation statement applies to adults who ...

  15. Incidence, management, and results of hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplantation in the era of donor to recipient match.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frongillo, F; Grossi, U; Lirosi, M C; Nure, E; Sganga, G; Avolio, A W; Inchingolo, R; Di Stasi, C; Rinaldi, P; Agnes, S

    2013-09-01

    Hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) is an important complication after liver transplantation. However, studies are not conclusive in terms of definition, incidence, best treatment, and timing of intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of SSHA that occurred in a single center over the past 12 years, pointing out diagnostic and therapeutic strategies. The incidence of HAS was reviewed in 258 liver transplant recipients between January 1999 and December 2011. All patients underwent Doppler ultrasound (DUS) at fixed times. Multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) was performed to confirm the DUS findings. HAS occurred in 23 cases (9.3%). In all cases diagnosis was performed by DUS resulting in a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 99.6%. Based on DUS and MDCTA data integration, in 10 cases we adopted the "wait and see" strategy, whereas 13 patients underwent interventional radiology techniques. DUS monitoring is efficacious in the diagnosis of HAS after liver transplantation. Interventional radiology procedures are safe and efficacious. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  16. Carotid artery stenosis -- self-care

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000717.htm Carotid artery stenosis - self-care To use the sharing features on ... feel their pulse under your jawline. Carotid artery stenosis occurs when the carotid arteries become narrowed or ...

  17. Celiac artery stenosis/occlusion treated by interventional radiology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ikeda, Osamu [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1-1-1, Honjo Kumamoto 860-8505 (Japan)], E-mail: osamu-3643ik@do9.enjoy.ne.jp; Tamura, Yoshitaka; Nakasone, Yutaka; Yamashita, Yasuyuki [Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Kumamoto University Graduate School of Medical and Pharmaceutical Sciences, 1-1-1, Honjo Kumamoto 860-8505 (Japan)

    2009-08-15

    Severe stenosis/occlusion of the proximal celiac trunk due to median arcuate ligament compression (MALC), arteriosclerosis, pancreatitis, tumor invasion, and celiac axis agenesis has been reported. However, clinically significant ischemic bowel disease attributable to celiac axis stenosis/occlusion appears to be rare because the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) provides for rich collateral circulation. In patients with celiac axis stenosis/occlusion, the most important and frequently encountered collateral vessels from the SMA are the pancreaticoduodenal arcades. Patients with celiac artery stenosis/occlusion are treated by interventional radiology (IR) via dilation of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade. In patients with dilation of the pancreaticoduodenal arcade on SMA angiograms, IR through this artery may be successful. Here we provide several tips on surmounting these difficulties in IR including transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma, an implantable port system for hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy to treat metastatic liver tumors, coil embolization of pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms, and arterial stimulation test with venous sampling for insulinomas.

  18. Diagnosis and treatment of renal artery stenosis.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plouin, P.F.; Bax, L.

    2010-01-01

    A reduction in the diameter of the renal arteries can lead to hypertension, renal dysfunction and/or pulmonary edema. About 90% of patients with renal artery stenosis have atherosclerosis, and 10% have fibromuscular dysplasia. Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis is a common condition that

  19. Diagnosis and Management of Hepatic Artery Complications After Liver Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frongillo, F; Lirosi, M C; Nure, E; Inchingolo, R; Bianco, G; Silvestrini, N; Avolio, A W; De Gaetano, A M; Cina, A; Di Stasi, C; Sganga, G; Agnes, S

    2015-09-01

    We assessed the usefulness of color Doppler imaging in diagnosis and monitoring hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation. Subjects were 421 liver transplant recipients who underwent serial ultrasound (US) color Doppler evaluations of the hepatic arteries after surgery. We saw 4 hepatic arterial complications after liver transplantation (13 thrombosis, 29 stenosis, 2 kinking, 2 pseudo-aneurysm, and 2 pseudo-aneurysm rupture). All subjects underwent US color Doppler examination periodically after surgery. In 6 cases of early thrombosis, hepatic arterial obstruction was diagnosed with absence of Doppler signals; in the other 7 cases (late hepatic artery thrombosis), thrombosis was suspected for the presence of intra-parenchymal "tardus-parvus" waveforms. In all of the cases, computed tomography angiography showed obstruction of the main arterial trunk and the development of compensatory collateral circles (late hepatic artery thrombosis). In 10 of the 29 cases of stenosis, Doppler ultrasonography examination revealed stenotic tract and intra-hepatic tardus-parvus waveforms; in 17 stenosis cases, the site of stenosis could not be identified, but intra-parenchymal tardus-parvus waveforms were recorded. In 2 patients, hepatic artery stenosis occurred with ischemic complications. The use of US color Doppler examination allows the early diagnosis of hepatic arterial complications after liver transplantation. Tardus-parvus waveforms indicated severe impairment of hepatic arterial perfusion from either thrombosis or severe stenosis. The presence of these indirect signs enhanced the accuracy of color Doppler diagnosis, and detection should prompt therapy. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound for the evaluation of hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplantation: potential role in changing the clinical algorithm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Rong-Qin; Mao, Ren; Ren, Jie; Xu, Er-Jiao; Liao, Mei; Wang, Ping; Lu, Min-Qiang; Yang, Yang; Cai, Chang-Jie; Chen, Gui-Hua

    2010-06-01

    Hepatic artery stenosis (HAS) is a common complication in liver transplant patients. Conventional angiography remains the gold standard for diagnosis. Recently, contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has begun providing real-time angiographic-like images of vessels and allowing the accurate diagnosis of arterial diseases such as hepatic artery thrombosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of CEUS in depicting HAS after liver transplantation. Forty-seven liver transplant recipients underwent CEUS examinations with the intravenous injection of microbubble contrast agents. The reference standard was conventional angiography for 15 patients and computed tomographic angiography for 32 patients. The presence, degree, location, and type of HAS were evaluated. For the detection of HAS by CEUS, the following was found: an accuracy of 91.5% (43/47), a sensitivity of 92.3% (36/39), a specificity of 87.5% (7/8), a positive predictive value of 97.3% (36/37), and a negative predictive value of 70% (7/10). CEUS corrected false-positive findings on color Doppler ultrasound in 7 of 47 cases (14.9%). The accuracy of CEUS in identifying the location and type of HAS was 92.3% (36/39) and 84.6% (33/39), respectively. CEUS is a useful noninvasive technique for the detection of HAS in liver transplant patients because it provides comprehensive information, including the presence, location, degree, and type. A positive CEUS finding suggests angiography as the next step rather than a computed tomography scan and may thereby alter the clinical imaging algorithm. (c) 2010 AASLD.

  1. Asymptomatic carotid arterial stenosis - population based screening

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    2010-01-01

    Screening for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis in the general population is discussed in many countries because of the benefits of carotid endarterectomy in the three trials. Many factors influence the cost-effectiveness of screening. These factors are the prevalence of carotid stenosis, the

  2. Duplex ultrasound for identifying renal artery stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zachrisson, Karin; Herlitz, Hans; Lönn, Lars

    2017-01-01

    Background Renal artery duplex ultrasound (RADUS) is an established method for diagnosis of renal artery stenosis (RAS), but there is no consensus regarding optimal RADUS criteria. Purpose To define optimal cutoff values for RADUS parameters when screening for RAS using intra-arterial trans...

  3. Carotid artery stenosis after neck radiotherapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shimamura, Munehisa; Hashimoto, Yoichiro; Kasuya, Junji; Terasaki, Tadashi [Kumamoto City Hospital (Japan); Uchino, Makoto

    2000-02-01

    Carotid artery stenosis sometimes occurs after cervical radiotherapy. We report a 70-year-old woman with a history of radiotherapy for thyroid cancer at the age of 28 years. She had no signs and symptoms except the skin lesion at the irradiation site. Duplex ultrasonography revealed heterogeneous plaques showing 50% stenosis of bilateral common carotid arteries. Those lesions were observed within segment of irradiation, where atheromatous plaque usually seldom occurs. These indicated that the carotid stenosis was induced by radiotherapy. Although the efficacy of antiplatelet therapy for radiation-induced plaque is not clear, the plaques remained unchanged for 4 years in spite of aspirin administration. (author)

  4. Carotid stenosis, x-ray of the right artery (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the right carotid artery showing a severe narrowing (stenosis) of the internal carotid artery just past the ... artery or ulceration in the area after the stenosis in this close-up film. Note the narrowed ...

  5. Studies on diagnosis and treatment of renal artery stenosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Krijnen (Pieta)

    2004-01-01

    textabstractThis thesis describes studies on ~onosis and treatment of renal artery stenosis in patients with drug-resistant hypertension. In Chapter 1, the clinical problem of renal artery stenosis is discussed. Renal artery stenosis, a narrowing of the renal artery, is a potential cause of

  6. Intracranial cerebral artery stenosis with associated coronary artery and extracranial carotid artery stenosis in Turkish patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alkan, Ozlem [Department of Radiology, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara (Turkey)], E-mail: yalinozlem@hotmail.com; Kizilkilic, Osman; Yildirim, Tulin [Department of Radiology, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara (Turkey); Atalay, Hakan [Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Baskent University, Faculty of Medicine, Ankara (Turkey)

    2009-09-15

    Purpose: Although it has been demonstrated that there is a high prevalence of extracranial carotid artery stenosis (ECAS) in patients with severe coronary artery disease, intracranial cerebral artery stenosis (ICAS) is rarely mentioned. We evaluated the prevalence of ICAS in patients with ECAS having elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery to determine the relations between ICAS, ECAS and atherosclerotic risk factors. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the digital subtraction angiography findings of 183 patients with ECAS {>=} 50% preparing for CABG surgery. The analyses focused on the intracranial or extracranial location and degree of the stenosis. The degree of extracranial stenoses were categorized as normal, <50%, 50-69%, 70-89%, and 90-99% stenosis and occluded. The degree of intracranial stenosis was classified as normal or {<=}25%, 25-49%, and {>=}50% stenosis and occluded. Traditional atherosclerotic risk factors were recorded. Results: ECAS < 70% in 42 patients and ECAS {>=} 70% in 141 patients. ICAS was found in 51 patients and ICAS {>=} 50% in 30 patients. Regarding risk factors, we found hypertension in 135 patients, diabetes mellitus in 91 patients, hyperlipidemia in 84 patients, and smoking in 81 patients. No risk factor was significant predictors of intracranial atherosclerosis. The severity of ICAS was not significantly associated with that of the ECAS. Conclusions: We found ICAS in 27.8% of the patients with ECAS > 50% on digital subtraction angiography preparing for CABG. Therefore a complete evaluation of the neck vessels with magnetic resonance or catheter angiography seems to be indicated as well as intracranial circulation for the risk assessment of CABG.

  7. Genetics Home Reference: retinal arterial macroaneurysm with supravalvular pulmonic stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Conditions RAMSVPS Retinal arterial macroaneurysm with supravalvular pulmonic stenosis Printable PDF Open All Close All Enable Javascript ... boxes. Description Retinal arterial macroaneurysm with supravalvular pulmonic stenosis ( RAMSVPS ) is a disorder that affects blood vessels ...

  8. Hepatic Vessels Condition in Experimental Pulmonary Trunk Stenosis With Different Level of Blood Circulation Compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.V. Kulikov

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Hepatic changes have been studied in 25 pupies with modeled stenosis with compensation and 8 animals with decompensated stenosis of pulmonary trunk. For controlling we have used liver of 10 dogs of the same age. Material has been tested by hystological, morfometric and stereometric mesurements. We have figured that after pulmanory trunk stenosis and the decrease in circulation of hepatic venous blood tonus of arteries increases, reflectory and resistance to circulation grows. Except venous-arterial reactions in incoming vessels small boundles of oblique intimal muscular system, muscular-elastic sfincters, polipsimillar pillows have been formed and in outcoming vessels muscular structures hypertrophy.has been indicated In case decompensated stenosis with hypoxia relaxation of outcoming and outgoing vessels happens, the quantity of arteries with adapting structures decreases, and muscular formations of hepatic veins atrophy.

  9. Stenosis of calcified carotid artery detected on Panoramic Radiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cho, So Yang; Oh, Won Mann; Yoon, Suk Ja; Yoon, Woong; Lee, Jae Seo; Kang, Byung Cheol [School of Dentistry, Chonnam National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Palomo, Juan M. [Department of Orthodontics, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland (United States)

    2009-09-15

    This study aimed to investigate the luminal stenosis of the internal carotid artery with calcification detected on panoramic radiographs. This study used fifty carotid arteries of 36 dental patients whose panoramic radiograph and computed tomography angiography (CTA) revealed the presence of carotid artery calcification. A neuroradiologist interpreted CTA to determine the degree of stenosis of the internal carotid arteries. The degree of stenosis was stratified in four stages; normal (no stenosis), mild stenosis (1-49%), moderate stenosis (50-69%) and severe stenosis (70-99%). Among the fifty carotid arteries with calcification detected on both panoramic radiography and CTA, 20 carotid arteries (40%) were normal, 29 carotid arteries (18%) had mild stenosis, 1 carotid artery (2%) had moderate stenosis, and there was none with severe stenosis. Sixty percent of the carotid arteries with calcification detected on both panoramic radiography and CTA had internal luminal stenosis, and two percent had moderate stenosis. When carotid atheroma is detected on panoramic radiograph, it is possible that the dental patient has luminal stenosis of the internal carotid artery.

  10. Stenting of Extracranial Carotid Artery Stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koshimae, N.; Morimoto, T.; Nagata, K.

    2003-01-01

    Summary The purpose of this study is to evaluate our cases of cervical internal carotid artery stenosis for safty stenting. We investigate the preoperative internal carotid artery stenosis using by integrated backscatter (IBS) method of ultra sonography, comparing with the thirty five surgical specimens as to their nature, histological structure, thickness of fibrous cap. We choose the protection method according to plaque structure, and placed Easy-Wall stent or Smart stent after prePTA. We added post PTA according to the extent of expansion and IVUS findings. Calibrated IBS = IBS value (ROI) /intinal IBS value of ‘bleeding’, ‘lipiď, ‘thrombus’, fiber, ‘hyalinization’ were -27.5, -22.5, -15.2, -11.1, +2.1. That of the thin fibrous cap were -10.9*, that of thic fibrous cap were -2.4 (*p safty stenting. PMID:20591243

  11. Coronary arteries bypass grafting stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahmoud Ebrahimi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery disease (CAD is a major global problem. In addition, it is higher risk of mortality for women more than men are when develop in female gender Atherosclerotic plaques consist of deposits of fatty material in the tunica intima. The role of inflammatory process in CAD has been known from 1980’s. Several studies investigated the innate immunity and adaptive immunity roles in atherosclerosis and they concluded that it plays a key role in atherosclerosis. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG is a widely used method for the treatment of CAD. Based on the literature, CABG is the most common surgical operation done worldwide. In During the first 10 years after CABG, up to 50% of saphenous grafts will occlude. Graft restenosis is beginning with acute thrombosis, intima hyperplasia, and plaque formation. In this review, some molecular pathways of graft failure and restenosis such as apoptosis and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-ĸB are described.

  12. Asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis and cerebrovascular risk stratification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nicolaides, Andrew N; Kakkos, Stavros K; Kyriacou, Efthyvoulos

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the cerebrovascular risk stratification potential of baseline degree of stenosis, clinical features, and ultrasonic plaque characteristics in patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis.......The purpose of this study was to determine the cerebrovascular risk stratification potential of baseline degree of stenosis, clinical features, and ultrasonic plaque characteristics in patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis....

  13. Left coronary artery stenosis causing left ventricular dysfunction in two children with supravalvular aortic stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yildiz, Okan; Altin, Firat H; Kaya, Mehmet; Ozyılmaz, Isa; Guzeltas, Alper; Erek, Ersin

    2015-04-01

    Congenital supravalvar aortic stenosis (SVAS) is an arteriopathy associated with Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) and other isolated elastin gene deletions. Cardiovascular manifestations associated with WBS are characterized by obstructive arterial lesions such as SVAS and pulmonary artery stenosis in addition to bicuspid aortic valve and mitral valve prolapse. However, coronary artery ostial stenosis may be associated with SVAS, and it increases the risk of sudden death and may complicate surgical management. In this report, we present our experience with two patients having SVAS and left coronary artery ostial stenosis with associated left ventricular dysfunction. © The Author(s) 2014.

  14. Doppler ultrasound findings in the hepatic artery shortly after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Criado, Angeles; Gilabert, Rosa; Berzigotti, Annalisa; Brú, Concepción

    2009-07-01

    The purpose of this article is to describe the Doppler waveform findings in the hepatic artery in the early posttransplantation period, both in the absence and presence of arterial complications. The presence of transient high-resistance Doppler waveforms in normal hepatic arteries is a common finding after grafting. Hepatic artery thrombosis and stenosis, and arterial steal syndromes can be diagnosed by Doppler in the early liver transplantation period.

  15. Acquired pulmonary artery stenosis in four dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scansen, Brian A; Schober, Karsten E; Bonagura, John D; Smeak, Daniel D

    2008-04-15

    4 dogs with acquired pulmonary artery stenosis (PAS) were examined for various clinical signs. One was a mixed-breed dog with congenital valvular PAS that subsequently developed peripheral PAS, one was a Golden Retriever with pulmonary valve fibrosarcoma, one was a Pembroke Welsh Corgi in which the left pulmonary artery had inadvertently been ligated during surgery for correction of patent ductus arteriosus, and one was a Boston Terrier with a heart-base mass compressing the pulmonary arteries. All 4 dogs were evaluated with 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography to characterize the nature and severity of the stenoses; other diagnostic tests were also performed. The mixed-breed dog with valvular and peripheral PAS was euthanized, surgical resection of the pulmonic valve mass was performed in the Golden Retriever, corrective surgery was performed on the Pembroke Welsh Corgi with left pulmonary artery ligation, and the Boston Terrier with the heart-base mass was managed medically. Acquired PAS in dogs may manifest as a clinically silent heart murmur, syncope, or right-sided heart failure. The diagnosis is made on the basis of imaging findings, particularly results of 2-dimensional and Doppler echocardiography. Treatment may include surgical, interventional, or medical modalities and is targeted at resolving the inciting cause.

  16. Does Management of True Aneurysms of Peripancreatic Arteries Require Repair of Associated Celiac Artery Stenosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boll, Julia M; Sharp, Kenneth W; Garrard, C Louis; Naslund, Thomas C; Curci, John A; Valentine, R James

    2017-02-01

    True aneurysms of the gastroduodenal (GDA) and pancreaticoduodenal (PDA) arteries have been attributed to increased collateral flow due to tandem celiac artery stenosis or occlusion. Although GDA and PDA aneurysm exclusion is recommended because of the high reported risk of rupture, it remains uncertain whether simultaneous celiac artery reconstruction is necessary to preserve end-organ flow. We conducted a retrospective analysis of consecutive patients admitted from 1996 to 2015 with true aneurysms of the GDA or PDA. Twenty patients with true aneurysms of the PDA (n = 16) or GDA (n = 4) were identified. Mean age was 61.5 years (range 35 to 85 years) and 11 (55%) were women. Nine (45%) presented with rupture, 8 (40%) presented with pain, and 3 (15%) were asymptomatic. All 9 patients who presented with rupture had contained retroperitoneal hematomas, and none experienced rebleeding. Fifteen (75%) patients had an associated celiac artery >60% stenosis or occlusion, and 2 (10%) had both celiac and superior mesenteric artery stenoses. Thirteen (65%) patients underwent successful endovascular coiling, only 1 of which had a prophylactic celiac artery bypass. Three (15%) patients underwent open aneurysm exclusion and celiac bypass, and 4 (20%) others were observed. There were no aneurysm-related deaths in this series, and none of the patients who underwent coiling without celiac revascularization had hepatic ischemia or other mesenteric morbidity develop during a median follow-up of 6 months (maximum 200 months). Gastroduodenal artery and PDA aneurysms present most commonly with pain or bleeding, and all should be considered for repair, regardless of size. Aneurysm exclusion is safely and effectively achieved with endovascular coiling. Although associated celiac artery stenosis is found in the majority of cases, celiac revascularization might not be necessary. Copyright © 2016 American College of Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Stenting for Hepatic Vessel Stenosis after Orthotopic Liver Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Ming-Yuan; Wu, Yi-Ju; Lin, Tung-Chao; Shen, Thau-Yun; Yang, Ho-Pang; Chen, Chien-Cheng; Chen, Fu-Chung

    2015-03-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of vascular intervention in percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of hepatic artery and hepatic vein stenosis after liver transplantation (LT), including thrombotic total occluded lesions. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty after orthotopic liver transplantation was performed to re-open hepatic vessel lesions. We daily used routine Doppler ultrasound during admission for early detection of graft hepatic vessel lesions, including hepatic artery and vein lesions. In outpatients, Doppler ultrasound was performed every month. Urokinase was delivered with a dose of 150,000-300,000 IU by catheter before PTA for thrombotic total occlusion of the graft for hepatic artery patients. Laboratory data were collected to evaluate the effects of the PTA procedure. The study involved a total of seven patients, six of whom were successfully treated by a first PTA procedure. Thrombolysis use of urokinase in totally occluded donor hepatic arteries post-LT following stenting was successful in three patients. One complication occurred, an arterial dissection and perforation, finalizing the success rate at ~86% and the complication rate at ~14%. Therefore, our study has a primary patency rate of 100% at 1 and 3 months. Also, the graft survival rate was 100 % and 86 % in the first and third months, respectively. PTA with stenting is an effective treatment for hepatic vessel stenosis, including hepatic arteries and hepatic veins, after a liver transplantation without an increase in the complication rate. In addition, thrombolysis using urokinase intra-artery infusion in graft thrombotic total occluded patients is a good treatment strategy as well. Angioplasty; Complication; Liver transplantation.

  18. Percutaneous Transluminal Angioplasty and Stenting for Hepatic Vessel Stenosis after Orthotopic Liver Transplantation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Ming-Yuan; Wu, Yi-Ju; Lin, Tung-Chao; Shen, Thau-Yun; Yang, Ho-Pang; Chen, Chien-Cheng; Chen, Fu-Chung

    2015-01-01

    Background This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of vascular intervention in percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) for the treatment of hepatic artery and hepatic vein stenosis after liver transplantation (LT), including thrombotic total occluded lesions. Methods Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty after orthotopic liver transplantation was performed to re-open hepatic vessel lesions. We daily used routine Doppler ultrasound during admission for early detection of graft hepatic vessel lesions, including hepatic artery and vein lesions. In outpatients, Doppler ultrasound was performed every month. Urokinase was delivered with a dose of 150,000-300,000 IU by catheter before PTA for thrombotic total occlusion of the graft for hepatic artery patients. Laboratory data were collected to evaluate the effects of the PTA procedure. Results The study involved a total of seven patients, six of whom were successfully treated by a first PTA procedure. Thrombolysis use of urokinase in totally occluded donor hepatic arteries post-LT following stenting was successful in three patients. One complication occurred, an arterial dissection and perforation, finalizing the success rate at ~86% and the complication rate at ~14%. Therefore, our study has a primary patency rate of 100% at 1 and 3 months. Also, the graft survival rate was 100 % and 86 % in the first and third months, respectively. Conclusions PTA with stenting is an effective treatment for hepatic vessel stenosis, including hepatic arteries and hepatic veins, after a liver transplantation without an increase in the complication rate. In addition, thrombolysis using urokinase intra-artery infusion in graft thrombotic total occluded patients is a good treatment strategy as well. PMID:27122863

  19. Close to Transplant Renal Artery Stenosis and Percutaneous Transluminal Treatment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardou Polytimi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate the efficacy of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA in the management of arterial stenosis located close to the allograft anastomosis (close-TRAS. Materials and Methods. 31 patients with renal transplants were admitted to our institution because of persistent hypertension and impairment of transplant renal function and underwent angiography for vascular investigation. 27 were diagnosed suffering from transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS, whereas 4 had severe iliac artery stenosis proximal to the transplant anastomosis (Prox-TRAS. 3 cases of TRAS coexisted with segmental renal arterial stenosis, whereas 3 other cases of TRAS were caused by kinking and focal stenosis in the middle of the transplanted renal artery. Results. Angioplasty and stenting were successfully applied to all patients with iliac artery stenosis as well as to those with TRAS and segmental artery stenosis. Two of three patients with kinking were well treated with angioplasty and stenting, whereas one treated only with angioplasty necessitated surgery. No major procedure-related complications appeared, and the result was decrease of the serum creatinine level and of the blood pressure. Conclusions. PTA is the appropriate initial treatment of TRAS and close-TRAS, with low morbidity and mortality rates, achieving improvement of graft function and amelioration of hypertension.

  20. Relationship between carotid artery stenosis and ischemic ocular diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qian Chen

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available AIM: To investigate the relationship between carotid artery stenosis and ischemic ocular diseases.METHODS: The clinical data of 30 cases(37 eyesof patients with ischemic eye diseases were collected from November 2010 to May 2014, and they were accepted the fundus fluorescein angiography(FFA, transcranial Doppler(TCDultrasonic blood vessels of the eye, neck vascular color Doppler flow imaging(CDFI, the neck CT angiography(CTAand carotid artery digital subtraction angiography(DSAexamination, and then the ischemic eye disease patients with ocular symptoms were analyzed. The peak systolic velocity(PSVand resistance index(RIof ophthalmic artery and central retinal artery were compared. Correlation between the internal carotid artery intima-media thickness(IMTand ophthalmic artery, central retinal artery PSV and RI correlation risk; ipsilateral internal carotid artery plaque and ophthalmic artery PSV and RI; PSV and RI associated ipsilateral internal carotid artery plaque and central retinal artery were analyzed. RESULTS: Eye symptoms: a black dim, reduced vision, the eyes flash, and around the eye pain were 75.7%, 83.8%, 51.4% and 32.4%; The eye signs: the dilatation of retinal vein, retinal hemorrhage, arterial stenosis and cotton spot and the contralateral side were regarded as main signs. Ophthalmic artery PSV and RI value of the differences were statistically significant(PPP>0.05; The ipsilateral internal carotid artery plaque and ophthalmic artery PSV had no correlation with RI values(P>0.05; PSV and RI and the ipsilateral internal carotid artery plaque and central retinal artery had no correlation(P>0.05.CONCLUSION: The incidence of ischemic eye diseases and internal carotid artery stenosis is associated with very close, the clinical can regard the degree of internal carotid artery stenosis as an important basis for diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases.

  1. Middle cerebral artery stenosis associated with moyamoya pattern collateralization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randall Edgell

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Background and Purpose: Moyamoya disease is a well described phenomenon presenting with terminal internal carotid artery occlusion and rete pattern of collateralization around the occlusion. The development of moyamoya-like collaterals secondary to isolated middle cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion and the natural history of this entity in Caucasians have not been well described. Methods: Cerebral angiograms and CT angiograms performed between August 2004 and August of 2006 demonstrating moyamoya collateralization at a single US center were retrospectively reviewed. All cases of middle cerebral artery stenosis associated with a rete pattern of collateralization were included in this series. Demographic, clinical, and angiographic data were obtained. Results: There were 3 cases of middle cerebral artery stenosis associated with a moyamoya pattern of collateralization. The average age of the patients was 36 years old, 2 were male, and all were Caucasian. All patients presented with ischemic symptoms. The average degree of stenosis was 91%. No stenosis was seen in the supraclinoid internal carotid arteries or elsewhere in the intracranial vasculature. Conclusion: We describe a moyamoya-like pattern of anastomosis associated with isolated severe middle cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion in Caucasians.

  2. Renal Artery Stenting in Patients With Documented Resistant Hypertension and Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis (ANDORRA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-24

    Hypertension; Hypertension Resistant to Conventional Therapy; Angiographically Proven Grade III Unilateral or Bilateral Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis (ARAS) Greater Than or Equal to 60 Percent

  3. Renal vein oxygen saturation in renal artery stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, K; Rehling, M; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl

    1992-01-01

    Renal vein oxygen-saturation was measured in 56 patients with arterial hypertension and unilateral stenosis or occlusion of the renal artery. Oxygen-saturation in blood from the ischaemic kidney (84.4%, range 73-93%) was significantly higher than that from the 'normal' contralateral kidney (81...

  4. Drug-eluting stents in renal artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zaehringer, M. [Marienhospital Stuttgart, Department of Radiology, Stuttgart (Germany); Pattynama, P.M.T. [Erasmus MC-University Medical Center Rotterdam, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Talen, A. [genae associates nv, Antwerp (Belgium); Sapoval, M. [Hopital Europeen Georges Pompidou, Service de Radiologie Cardio-Vasculaire, Paris (France); Inserm U 780 epidemiologie Cardio Vasculaire, Paris (France)

    2008-04-15

    Because of higher acute and long-term success rates compared with balloon angioplasty alone, percutaneous stent implantation has become an accepted therapy for the treatment of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. Restenosis rates after successful renal stent placement vary from 6 up to 40%, depending on the definition of restenosis, the diameter of the treated vessel segment and comorbidities. The safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents for the treatment of renal-artery stenosis is poorly defined. The recently published GREAT study is the only prospective study, comparing bare-metal and sirolimus-coated low profile stent systems in renal artery stenosis, showing a relative risk reduction of angiographic binary in-stent restenosis by 50%. This is an opinion paper on indications, current treatment options and restenosis rates following renal artery stenting and the potential use of drug-eluting stents for this indication. (orig.)

  5. Contrast-Enhanced Sonography for Diagnosing Collateral Transformation of the Hepatic Artery After Liver Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyu, Su-Qin; Ren, Jie; Zheng, Rong-Qin; Meng, Xiao-Chun; Huang, Ming-Sheng; Wang, Ping

    2015-09-01

    To determine the contrast-enhanced sonographic features of hepatic artery collateral transformation in patients with hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation. Ninety-nine liver transplant recipients who underwent contrast-enhanced sonography were recruited from April 2004 to May 2014. The reference standards were conventional angiography and computed tomographic angiography. The contrast-enhanced sonographic features of the hepatic artery in patients with and without collateral arteries were retrospectively analyzed. All 15 patients with hepatic artery collateral transformation had hepatic artery thrombosis (10 of 15) or hepatic artery stenosis (5 of 15). The collateral artery detection rate on contrast-enhanced sonography was 100%. The peripheral hepatic artery could not be visualized by contrast-enhanced sonography in most of the patients with hepatic artery collateral transformation (14 of 15). Additionally, many small tortuous collateral arteries in the porta hepatis region were visualized during the arterial and early portal phases, showing reticulated/patchy (15 of 15) and striped (3 of 15) enhancement patterns on contrast-enhanced sonography. Collateral transformation of the hepatic artery in patients with hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation appears to have characteristic features on contrast-enhanced sonography, especially a reticulated or patchy enhancement pattern in the porta hepatis region during the arterial and early portal phases combined with the absence of the peripheral hepatic artery. Contrast-enhanced sonography may be a novel method for diagnosing hepatic artery collateral transformation, which may be a highly specific sign of hepatic artery thrombosis or stenosis. © 2015 by the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.

  6. Hepatic arterial waveforms on early posttransplant Doppler ultrasound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hedegard, Wade C; Bhatt, Shweta; Saad, Wael; Rubens, Deborah; Dogra, Vikram

    2011-03-01

    To determine the significance of spectral Doppler hepatic artery waveforms obtained in the first 10 days after primary liver transplantation and to determine the best early predictor of hepatic arterial thrombosis (HAT). A total of 645 patients were retrospectively followed up to 1 year after liver transplantation. Doppler waveforms of the hepatic arteries were categorized as normal, abnormally elevated, not visualized, or with resistive index (RI) hepatic artery on Doppler evaluation and 56 (8.7%) developed HAT or stenosis within the first year after transplantation. Odds ratios (ORs) demonstrate that a single nonvisualized hepatic artery (OR, 9.66; 95% confidence interval [CI], 4.51-20.70) has a much higher incidence of HAT in the first 10 days after transplantation compared to low RI (OR, 1.93; 95% CI, 0.77-4.79)] or high RI (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 0.44-2.55]. The loss or reversal of diastolic flow on Doppler ultrasound performed in the first 10 days after transplantation does not seem to correlate with active or impending HAT. Absence of hepatic arterial flow Doppler signal in the first 10 days after liver transplantation is associated with higher incidence of thrombosis than previously demonstrated, whereas persistently high diastolic flow early on seems to be more significant and leads to further hepatic arterial complications than decreased diastolic flow.

  7. The relationship between renal artery stenosis and ischemic nephropathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Ghadimi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Ischemic nephropathy is defined as a clinically significant progressive reduction in glomerular filtration rate that is usually associated with significant renal artery stenosis (unilateral or bilateral involvement. Atherosclerotic renal artery disease is known as the most common cause of the ischemic nephropathy. These patients may develop secondary hypertension. In  addition, epidemiologic data has showed a clear association  between atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis and coronary artery disease and other cardiovascular disease. Despite the preserving function of kidney on various autoregulation processes, unusual microvascular function will be resulted due to sustained decline in renal perfusion. The ischemic nephropathy of asymptomatic cases may result in renovascular hypertension and renal failure. The reduction of renal function in these patients might be decreased or stopped by early appropriate diagnosis and also might be treated with renal artery angioplasty or surgery, after medical management. There is a debate about the occurrence of ischemic nephropathy as a result of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis. In this study we aimed to review the prevalence of ischemic nephropathy due to atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

  8. Severe hypertension due to renal polar artery stenosis in an adolescent treated with coil embolization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Docx, Martine K. [Koningin Paola Kinderziekenhuis, Department of Paediatrics, Chronic Diseases and Hypertension, Antwerp (Belgium); Vandenberghe, Philippe [Koningin Paola Kinderziekenhuis, Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Antwerp (Belgium); Maleux, Geert [University Hospitals Leuven, Department of Radiology, Leuven (Belgium); Gewillig, Marc [University Hospitals Leuven, Department of Paediatric Cardiology, Leuven (Belgium); Mertens, Luc [Hospital for Sick Children, Paediatric Cardiology, Toronto (Canada)

    2009-11-15

    A 12-year-old boy presented with severe arterial hypertension due to a severe subsegmental renal artery stenosis. Treatment consisted of selective embolization of the stenosed polar artery, which resulted in near normalization of the arterial pressures. Renal artery stenosis should always be considered, even in young adolescents, as a cause for arterial hypertension. Only selective angiography was able to demonstrate the subsegmental artery stenosis in this patient. (orig.)

  9. Prevalence of significant carotid artery stenosis in Iranian patients with peripheral arterial disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghabili K

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abolhassan Shakeri Bavil1, Kamyar Ghabili2, Seyed Ebrahim Daneshmand3, Masoud Nemati3, Moslem Shakeri Bavil4, Hossein Namdar5, Sheyda Shaafi61Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 2Medical Philosophy and History Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 3Department of Radiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 4Department of Neurosurgery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 5Department of Cardiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; 6Neuroscience Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IranBackground: Generalized screening for carotid artery stenosis with carotid duplex ultrasonography in patients with peripheral arterial disease is controversial.Objectives: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of significant internal carotid artery (ICA stenosis in a group of Iranian patients with peripheral arterial disease.Methods: We prospectively screened 120 patients with a known diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease for carotid artery stenosis. Based on the angiographic assessment of abdominal aorta and arteries of the lower extremities, patients with stenosis greater than 70% in the lower extremity arteries were included. A group of healthy individuals aged ≥50 years was recruited as a control. Risk factors for atherosclerosis including smoking, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, ischemic heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease were recorded. Common carotid arteries (CCAs and the origins of the internal and external arteries were scanned with B-mode ultrasonogaphy. Significant ICA stenosis, >70% ICA stenosis but less than near occlusion of the ICA, was diagnosed when the ICA/CCA peak systolic velocity ratio was ≥3.5.Results: Ninety-five patients, with a mean age of 58.52 ± 11.04 years, were studied. Twenty-five patients had a history of smoking, six

  10. How to manage hypertension with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ricco, Jean-Baptiste; Belmonte, Romain; Illuminati, Guilio; Barral, Xavier; Schneider, Fabrice; Chavent, Bertrand

    2017-04-01

    The management of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) in patients with hypertension has been the topic of great controversy. Major contemporary clinical trials such as the Cardiovascular Outcomes for Renal Artery lesions (CORAL) and Angioplasty and Stenting for Renal Atherosclerotic lesions (ASTRAL) have failed to show significant benefit of revascularization over medical management in controlling blood pressure and preserving renal function. We present here the implications and limitations of these trials and formulate recommendations for management of ARAS.

  11. Level-Set Based Carotid Artery Segmentation for Stenosis Grading

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Bemmel, C.M.; Spreeuwers, Lieuwe Jan; Viergever, M.A.; Niessen, W.J.

    2002-01-01

    A semi-automated method is presented for the determination of the degree of stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) in 3D contrast-enhanced (CE) MR angiograms. Hereto, we determined the central vessel axis (CA), which subsequently is used as an initialization for a level-set based segmentation

  12. Recurrent Syncope Attributed to Left Main Coronary Artery Severe Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS rarely manifest as recurrent syncope due to malignant ventricular arrhythmia. We report a case of a 56-year-old Chinese male with complaints of paroxysmal chest burning sensation and distress for 2 weeks as well as loss of consciousness for 3 days. The electrocardiogram (ECG revealed paroxysmal multimorphologic ventricular tachycardia during attack and normal heart rhythm during intervals. Coronary angiograph showed 90% stenosis in left main coronary artery and 80% stenosis in anterior descending artery. Two stents sized 4.0*18 mm and 2.75*18 mm were placed at left main coronary artery and anterior descending artery, respectively, during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI. The patient was discharged and never had ventricular arrhythmia again during a 3-month follow-up since the PCI. This indicated that ventricular tachycardia was correlated with persistent severe myocardial ischemia. Coronary vasospasm was highly suspected to be the reason of the sudden attack and acute exacerbation. PCI is recommended in patients with both severe coronary artery stenosis and ventricular arrhythmia. Removing myocardial ischemia may stop or relieve ventricular arrhythmia and prevent cardiac arrest.

  13. [Stent implantation for relief of pulmonary artery branch stenosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Ying; Yu, Zhiqing; Liu, Tingliang; Gao, Wei; Huang, Meirong; Li, Fen; Fu, Lijun; Zhao, Pengjun

    2014-05-01

    Branch pulmonary artery stenosis is one of the common congenital heart disease. Stent implantation to relieve branch pulmonary artery stenosis (BPAS) is an alternative to failed surgical or balloon angioplasty. The aim of this study was to explore the indication, methods and complications of using balloon expandable stent placement to treat branch pulmonary artery stenosis, and evaluate the results of stent implantation in the treatment of branch pulmonary artery stenosis. From August 2005 to December 2012, 19 patients underwent an attempt at stent implantation. The median age of those patients was 9.1 years (range 4.0-15.0 years). The median weight was 31.7 kg (range 17.0-60.5 kg); 14/19 patients underwent post surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot, one patient received post surgical repair of pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect, one patient underwent post surgical repair of pulmonary atresia with intact septum, one with native left BPAS, and one was after surgical repair of aortopulmonary window and the other truncus arteriosus. CP stent and NuMED Balloon-in-Balloon catheter were selected according to digital subtracted angiography measurements. After checking for correct position by angiography, the inner balloon and outer balloon was inflated successively to expand the stent to desired diameter. Statistical analysis was performed with the unpaired Student t test. A total of 26 stents were implanted successfully in 19 patients. The systolic gradient across the stenosis fell from a median of (36.0 ± 18.3) to (3.8 ± 3.4) mmHg (P aortic pressure ratio fell from 0.68 to 0.49 (P children will require further dilation to keep up with normal somatic growth. Intermediate and long-term follow up studies have shown excellent results after further dilation over time.

  14. A case of William's syndrome associated peripheral pulmonary arterial stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Kyung Hwa; Hwang, Mi Soo; Kim, Sun Yong; Chang, Jae Chun; Park, Bok Hwan [College of Medicine, Yeungam University, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    1988-06-15

    William's syndrome, in order to more completely delineate the total spectrum of the disorder, indicates that 'infantile hypercalcemia', 'peculiar facies' and 'supravalvular aortic stenosis.' In has other many vascular anomalies, such as peripheral pulmonary arterial stenosis, coronary arterial stenosis, celiac arterial stenosis, and renal aterial stenosis. Only 32% of the patients have evidence of supravalvular aortic stenosis. And it is very rare disease entity that has been reported rarely in Korea. Recently authors experienced a case that was questioned William's syndrome with peripheral pulmonary arterial stenosis, clinically and preliminary radiologically and this case was confirmed by operation. Here we report a case of William's syndrome with peripheral pulmonary arterial stenosis and reviewed literatures.

  15. The relation of carotid calcium volume with carotid artery stenosis in symptomatic patients

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Marquering, H. A.; Majoie, C. B. L. M.; Smagge, L.; Kurvers, A. G.; Gratama van Andel, H. A.; van den Berg, R.; Nederkoorn, P. J.

    2011-01-01

    Recent research showed a strong correlation of calcium volume scores with degree of stenosis, suggesting that calcium volume could be used in the diagnosis of carotid artery stenosis. We investigated the accuracy of the use of calcium volume scores to diagnose carotid artery stenosis in our target

  16. A case of valvular pulmonic stenosis and an aberrant coronary artery in a Brittany spaniel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Estey, Chelsie

    2011-05-01

    Valvular pulmonic stenosis and aberrancy of the right coronary artery with subsequent subvalvular stenosis was found on echocardiographic evaluation of a 9-month-old Brittany spaniel. Previous echocardiography at 4 mo of age revealed the pulmonic stenosis; however, the aberrant coronary artery only became apparent during the second evaluation.

  17. Modeling of the aorta artery aneurysms and renal artery stenosis using cardiovascular electronic system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navidbakhsh Mahdi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aortic aneurysm is a dilatation of the aortic wall which occurs in the saccular and fusiform types. The aortic aneurysms can rupture, if left untreated. The renal stenosis occurs when the flow of blood from the arteries leading to the kidneys is constricted by atherosclerotic plaque. This narrowing may lead to the renal failure. Previous works have shown that, modelling is a useful tool for understanding of cardiovascular system functioning and pathophysiology of the system. The present study is concerned with the modelling of aortic aneurysms and renal artery stenosis using the cardiovascular electronic system. Methods The geometrical models of the aortic aneurysms and renal artery stenosis, with different rates, were constructed based on the original anatomical data. The pressure drop of each section due to the aneurysms or stenosis was computed by means of computational fluid dynamics method. The compliance of each section with the aneurysms or stenosis is also calculated using the mathematical method. An electrical system representing the cardiovascular circulation was used to study the effects of these pressure drops and the compliance variations on this system. Results The results showed the decreasing of pressure along the aorta and renal arteries lengths, due to the aneurysms and stenosis, at the peak systole. The mathematical method demonstrated that compliances of the aorta sections and renal increased with the expansion rate of the aneurysms and stenosis. The results of the modelling, such as electrical pressure graphs, exhibited the features of the pathologies such as hypertension and were compared with the relevant experimental data. Conclusion We conclude from the study that the aortic aneurysms as well as renal artery stenosis may be the most important determinant of the arteries rupture and failure. Furthermore, these pathologies play important rules in increase of the cardiovascular pulse pressure which

  18. Clinical impact of balloon angioplasty for branch pulmonary arterial stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosking, M C; Thomaidis, C; Hamilton, R; Burrows, P E; Freedom, R M; Benson, L N

    1992-06-01

    The clinical impact of percutaneous balloon angioplasty on the management of patients with native or postoperative pulmonary arterial stenosis was reviewed. Seventy-four patients underwent 110 angioplasty procedures. Mean age at dilation was 6.7 +/- 5.3 years (range 0.2 to 18.1), 17 patients were aged less than 1 year, mean follow-up was 37.7 +/- 22.8 months (range 16 to 96), and 34 patients (44%) had follow-up angiography. Pulmonary artery dilation was acutely successful in 53% of patients, 17% had recurrent stenosis, and 5% had complications. The impact on subsequent care was favorably influenced in 26 of 74 patients (35%) with either complete resolution of stenosis (n = 7), optimizing future surgical conditions (n = 14), reduction in right ventricular pressure by greater than 20% (n = 3), or improvement of ipsilateral lung perfusion (n = 2). No patient previously considered inoperable was subsequently considered suitable for surgical repair owing to the intervention. No correlation was found between success and cardiac diagnosis (p = 0.48), site of stenosis (p = 0.78), balloon-vessel ratio (p = 0.42), or whether the stenotic area consisted of native or synthetic material (p = 0.22). No predictive factors for success could be defined, and often there was only a transient clinical impact. Due to the low complication risk and potential for a beneficial result, it still appears prudent to offer angioplasty as an initial therapeutic modality in this setting.

  19. Acute anuria secondary to renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, J M; Pfaff, W W

    1976-01-01

    Three patients with acute onset of anuria secondary to renal malperfusion were successfully treated by revascularization. Twelve such patients have previously been reported. The role of surgery for prophylaxis in stenosing renal artery disease is advocated. Images Fig. 1. Fig. 2. Fig. 3. Fig. 4. Fig. 5. PMID:1259486

  20. Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting versus coronary angioplasty for isolated type C stenosis of the left anterior descending artery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mariani, MA; Boonstra, PW; Grandjean, JG; Monnink, SHJ; denHeijer, P; Crijns, HJGM

    Background: Isolated stenosis of the left anterior descending coronary artery can be treated with medication, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty, or coronary artery bypass grafting. Recently a new treatment has been developed, which is called minimally invasive direct coronary artery

  1. Duplex ultrasonography for the detection of vertebral artery stenosis A comparison with CT angiography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rozeman, Anouk D.; Hund, Hajo; Westein, Michel; Wermer, Marieke J H; Nijeholt, Geert J. Lycklama A.; Boiten, Jelis; Schimsheimer, Robert-Jan; Algra, Ale

    Objectives Vertebrobasilar stenosis is frequent in patients with posterior circulation stroke and it increases risk of recurrence. We investigated feasibility of duplex ultrasonography (DUS) for screening for extracranial vertebral artery stenosis and compared it with CT angiography (CTA). Materials

  2. [Is there a role for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis screening?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heldenberg, Eitan; Bass, Arie

    2014-08-01

    Screening for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (CAS) is highly controversial Many surgeons routinely screen their patients for carotid disease prior to major operations, yet the benefit of such practice was never demonstrated. The treatment of symptomatic patients has not changed much during the last twenty years, since the publication of the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial (NASCET). However, in contrast, the Asymptomatic Carotid Atherosclerosis Study (ACAS) and the Asymptomatic Carotid Surgery Trial (ACST) failed to get the same acceptance among the multidisciplinary group treating CAS.The prevalence of asymptomatic 60-99% carotid artery stenosis among the general population is about 1%. Neither ACAS nor ACST showed that stenosis severity was associated with increasing stroke risk. The 'realpolitik' is that mass interventions in asymptomatic patients will probably only ever prevent about 1% of all strokes. This is even truer regarding patients scheduLed for major operation, in which the incidence of stroke is less than 1%. Moreover the current evidence in the literature suggests that the best medicaL treatment (BMT) results in 0.5% strokes per year, better than resuLts which can be offered by surgery. According to the current evidence, it seems that asymptomatic carotid artery screening should be discontinued, since it is a major waste of resources.

  3. Peripheral arterial stenosis and coronary artery disease coincidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Ghasemi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Atherosclerosis is a chronic slow-developing condition affecting medium-size and large blood vessels. It is the principal underlying pathology of coronary heart disease and stroke. In some countries, coronary artery disease (CAD is the cause of nearly half (48% of the deaths and, loss of productivity life. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD is defined as atherosclerosis in peripheral arteries instead of coronary arteries. CAD and PAD have same risk factors and underlying pathophysiological processes. Therefore, patient with CAD should be considered for PAD. Ankle brachial index (ABI, duplex sonography, and some other non-invasive techniques are recommended for PAD diagnosis in patients with the history of CAD. Pharmacotherapy, endovascular interventions, and surgical management could be chosen according to the patient’s situation. Cardiologists and general practitioners should consider PAD in a patient with CAD or DM as a strong correlated disease.      

  4. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colyer, William R; Cooper, Christopher J

    2009-01-01

    Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a common manifestation of atherosclerosis and is associated with many other atherosclerotic conditions. Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality is increased among patients with RAS. This increase is likely due in part to the associated disease states; however, RAS itself may also contribute. Current strategies to limit cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in RAS include various pharmacologic interventions targeting both RAS atherosclerosis in general. Additionally, revascularization has been advocated; however, clear data are lacking. Ongoing clinical trials such as the Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions (CORAL) trial will ultimately help to determine the best strategies to limit the morbidity and mortality associated with RAS.

  5. Celiac artery thrombosis and superior mesenteric artery stenosis

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    Mohit Sharma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute thrombosis of the celiac artery trunk or elsewhere in mesenteric blood supply is a rare cause of acute abdominal pain. Celiac artery thrombosis carries high mortality and morbidity rates if the diagnosis and treatment are delayed. It is frequently associated with other cardiovascular events. The most common etiology is atherosclerosis. The main goal of the treatment is to revascularize and start the diminished or stopped mesenteric blood flow and to avoid end-organ ischemia. Thrombolysis with urokinase followed by anticoagulation with heparin in an emergency situation can save the life of the patient before surgical intervention.

  6. Collateral Development in Thrombosis of the Hepatic Artery After Transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García Bernardo, C M; Argüelles García, B; Redondo Buil, P; Miyar de León, A; González Dieguez, L; Cadahía Rodrigo, V; González-Pinto Arrillaga, I; Vázquez Velasco, L

    2016-11-01

    The authors sought to identify strictures or hepatic artery obstruction with posterior collateral transformation in our series of liver transplantation, treatment, and evolution. The thrombosis or severe hepatic artery stenosis sometimes presents a compensation mechanism, the collateral transformation of the artery. From April 2002 to December 2011 we collected 18 cases of collateral transformation. We analyzed data regarding the transplantation, diagnosis, treatment, clinical evolution, liver function, and Doppler-ultrasound. The main indication was alcoholic cirrhosis, followed by hepatocellular carcinoma - hepatitis C virus. The mean cold ischemia time was 292.2 minutes mean hot ischemia was 48.8. The anastomosis was performed on the gastroduodenal-splenic patch donor in 14 cases, the celiac trunk in 2 cases, and on grafts to the aorta in another 2. Doppler ultrasound showed 8 cases without complications, 8 with low flows, and 2 cases with alterations of the right hepatic artery. Computed tomographic (CT) angiography was performed in patients with impaired eco-Doppler and found 4 obstructions, 2 cases with kinking, 1 stenosis, and 3 normal cases. Three patients with low flows were re-operated and another re-transplanted. After diagnosis of collateral transformation, all were treated with antiplatelet agents. Two cases of angioplasty were associated. The collaterals were diagnosed 1 month to 44.8 months after transplantation. Five patients died. In the latest data, 10 patients do not have analytical alteration. The Doppler ultrasound shows 7 cases being normal and 6 with flow but low resistances. In our series, all patients with collateral transformation, except one who was transplanted, maintain good liver function with permeable vessels. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following laparoscopic cholecystectomy

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    Chigot, Valerie; Dubois, Josee [Department of Medical Imaging, Hopital Sainte-Justine, 3175 Cote Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Lallier, Michel [Department of Pediatric Surgery, Hopital Sainte-Justine, 3175 Cote Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec (Canada); Alvarez, Fernando [Department of Gastroenterology, Hopital Sainte-Justine, 3175 Cote Sainte-Catherine, Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    2003-01-01

    The authors describe a hepatic pseudoaneurysm following laparoscopic cholecystectomy in a child. It arose from a hepatic artery that was ligated during surgery and was supplied by collaterals from the superior right branch. Because of the risk of hepatic infarction and recanalization of the pseudoaneurysm by new collaterals, the authors decided not to occlude the superior right branch, but to embolize the aneurysm itself with cyanoacrylate. Since the intra-arterial approach was not feasible, a transhepatic puncture was successfully performed. (orig.)

  8. THREE-DIMENSIONAL ULTRASOUND AND STENOSIS OF INTERNAL CAROTID ARTERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vojko Flis

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Background. Elucidation of the ultrasound structure of the atherosclerotic plaque in stenosis of internal carotid artery may have important implications for carotid surgery. This study compares the ability of computer derived 3D ultrasound gray scale volumetric measurements to diferentiate between ultrasonic structure of symptomatic and asymptomatic carotid plaque causing more than 70% stenosis.Methods. Eightysix internal carotid artery stenoses (70–99%, 45 symptomatic, 41 asymptomatic were imaged with 3D ultrasound to obtain the whole volume of the atherosclerotic plaque. Digitalized sonograms were computerized and normalized to the gray scale median (GSM of blood (0 and vessel adventitia (200. Plaque GSM was obtained for the whole volume by computing the volume ratio between echolucent and echogenic areas. The plaque heterogeneity was obtained by computing the density of echogenic areas per volume unit. Parametric t test was used for statistic analysis.Results. Minimum volume GSM ratio (determining echolucency was higher for asymptomatic plaque (0.6 – CI 0.48– 0.91 versus 0.3 – CI 0.21–0.75: p = 0.002. Greater GSM heterogeneity was present in symptomatic plaque (6.8 – CI 2.5– 18.3 versus 0.41 – CI 0.2–3.4;.p = 0.0001.Conclusions. Volume ultrasound imaging that enables objective assessment of whole ultrasonic plaque structure is more sensitive that single longitudinal view sonography for differentiating between ultrasonic structure of symptomatic and asymptomatic plaque.

  9. Non-Newtonian model study for blood flow through a tapered artery with a stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noreen Sher Akbar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The blood flow through a tapered artery with a stenosis is analyzed, assuming the blood as tangent hyperbolic fluid model. The resulting nonlinear implicit system of partial differential equations is solved analytically with the help of perturbation method. The expressions for shear stress, velocity, flow rate, wall shear stress and longitudinal impedance are obtained. The variations of power law index m, Weissenberg number We, shape of stenosis n and stenosis size δ are discussed different type of tapered arteries.

  10. When stenting in renal artery stenosis? Update on pathophysiology of ischemic nephropathy and management strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandro Zuccalà

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, decisions taken on the optimal management of patients with renal artery stenosis have triggered off controversy and debate among clinicians dealing with renovascular disease. The main reason underlying this ongoing controversy may be the heterogeneity of the clinical entities that are normally associated with the umbrella definition of renal artery stenosis. Indeed a causal link between the stenosis and its clinical consequences (i.e. hypertension, renal failure can often demonstrated in some entities, such as fibromuscular dysplasia, truncal stenosis or arterial stenosis in the transplanted kidney, which can be defined as pure renal artery stenosis. On the contrary, the entity generally called ostial stenosis is a disease of the abdominal aorta where it encroaches the ostium of the renal artery at the end of a long process involving the entire vascular tree. Patients affected by ostial stenosis also suffer from generalized atherosclerosis, and kidney damage is often caused by the atherosclerotic environment with the stenosis acting as an innocent bystander. This may account for the low rate of renal function recovery in subjects with ostial stenosis. In our view, keeping the different entities separate along with a careful understanding of the mechanisms underpinning renal damage, particularly the intrarenal activation of the renin angiotensin system which in turn induces renal inflammation and oxidative stress, may enable clinicians to make the right decisions in regard to revascularization.

  11. Captopril-induced deterioration of graft function in patients with a transplant renal artery stenosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Son, W. J.; van der Woude, F. J.; Tegzess, Adam M.; Donker, A. J. M.; Slooff, M. J. H.; van der Slikke, L. B.; Hoorntje, S. J.

    1983-01-01

    We evaluated nine captopril-treated patients with transplant renal artery stenosis. Captopril treatment always resulted in a dramatic decrease in renal function; in two patients complete anuria developed. Only in two patients with a stenosis in one out of two renal arteries was a satisfactory fall

  12. Effect of captopril on blood pressure and renal function in patients with transplant renal artery stenosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Woude, F. J.; van Son, W. J.; Tegzess, Adam M.; Donker, A. J. M.; Slooff, M. J. H.; van der Slikke, L. B.; Hoorntje, S. J.

    1985-01-01

    We evaluated 9 patients with transplant renal artery stenosis. Captopril treatment always resulted in a dramatic decrease in renal function. Moreover, only in patients (n = 2) with a stenosis in one out of more renal arteries a satisfying fall in blood pressure was achieved. Surgical reconstruction

  13. Prevalence of significant carotid artery stenosis in patients with transient ischaemic attack

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rappeport, Yael; Simonsen, Lene; Christiansen, Hanne Hjertmann

    2002-01-01

    Carotid artery stenosis is one of the risk factors for transient ischaemic attack (TIA) and stroke. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of carotid artery stenosis and the prevalence of candidates for carotid endarterectomy in a hospital-based cohort of TIA patients under 71...

  14. Association of Brachial-Ankle Pulse Wave Velocity with Asymptomatic Intracranial Arterial Stenosis in Hypertension Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Zhang, Jin; Qain, Yuesheng; Tang, Xiaofeng; Ling, Huawei; Chen, Kemin; Li, Yan; Gao, Pingjin; Zhu, Dingliang

    2016-08-01

    Intracranial arterial stenosis is a common cause of ischemic stroke in Asians. We therefore sought to explore the relationship of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity and intracranial arterial stenosis in 834 stroke-free hypertensive patients. Intracranial arterial stenosis was evaluated through computerized tomographic angiography. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity was measured by an automated cuff device. The top decile of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity was significantly associated with intracranial arterial stenosis (P = .027, odds ratio = 1.82; 95% confidence interval: 1.07-3.10). The patients with the top decile of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity showed 56% higher risk for the presence of intracranial arterial stenosis to the whole population, which was more significant in patients younger than 65 years old. We also found that brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity related to both intracranial arterial stenosis and homocysteine. Our study showed the association of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity with asymptomatic intracranial arterial stenosis in hypertension patients, especially in relative younger subjects. Brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity might be a relatively simple and repeatable measurement to detect hypertension patients in high risk of intracranial arterial stenosis. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  15. Immediate versus delayed treatment for recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis

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    Vladimir Vasconcelos

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The timing of surgery for recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis remains controversial. Early cerebral revascularization may prevent a disabling or fatal ischemic recurrence, but it may also increase the risk of hemorrhagic transformation, or of dislodging a thrombus. This review examined the randomized controlled evidence that addressed whether the increased risk of recurrent events outweighed the increased benefit of an earlier intervention. OBJECTIVES: To assess the risks and benefits of performing very early cerebral revascularization (within two days compared with delayed treatment (after two days for people with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis. METHODS: Search methods: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register in January 2016, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; The Cochrane Library 2016, issue 1, MEDLINE (1948 to 26 January 2016, EMBASE (1974 to 26 January 2016, LILACS (1982 to 26 January 2016, and trial registers (from inception to 26 January 2016. We also handsearched conference proceedings and journals, and searched reference lists. There were no language restrictions. We contacted colleagues and pharmaceutical companies to identify further studies and unpublished trials Selection criteria: All completed, truly randomized trials (RCT that compared very early cerebral revascularization (within two days with delayed treatment (after two days for people with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Data collection and analysis: We independently selected trials for inclusion according to the above criteria, assessed risk of bias for each trial, and performed data extraction. We utilized an intention-to-treat analysis strategy. MAIN RESULTS: We identified one RCT that involved 40 participants, and addressed the timing of surgery for people with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis. It compared very early surgery with surgery performed after 14 days of

  16. Single umbilical artery stenosis associated with intrauterine fetal death post-transfusion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meir, Karen; Yagel, Simcha; Amsalem, Hagai; Ariel, Ilana

    2002-03-01

    Single umbilical artery is among the most common funicular vascular anomalies. In contrast, umbilical artery stenosis is rare, and has only been reported in three-vessel cords. We describe a case of single umbilical artery stenosis in a fetus with no associated malformations. Intrauterine fetal death occurred at 28 weeks' gestation following cordocentesis and intravascular transfusion for Rhesus alloimmunization. Single umbilical artery stenosis may place the fetus at increased risk, particularly in cases requiring interventions involving cord manipulation. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. Renal artery stenosis in patients with established coronary artery disease: Prevalence and predicting factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Reza Khatami

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The association between renal artery stenosis (RAS and other atherosclerotic diseases (particularly coronary artery diseases is well known. In general, the risk factors for atherosclerosis have been clarified, but whether these risk factors operate equally in all forms of atherosclerotic diseases is not known. The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of RAS in patients with established coronary artery diseases and then to define the most important risk factors that may help to predict the RAS in this population. In this cross-sectional study, 146 patients with established coronary artery stenosis by angiography simultaneously underwent renal angiography; RAS >50% was considered significant. We found that 25.3% of patients with coronary artery diseases had RAS. The prevalence of significant stenosis was 17.1%. Females were more vulnerable to this disorder than males (47.1% vs. 13.7%, P = 0.001. There was no relationship between the severity and number of stenosed coronary arteries and those of stenosed renal arteries (P = 0.716. Multi-variate logistic regression analysis revealed that among the risk factors for atherosclerosis, female sex (P = 0.001, duration of hypertension (P = 0.032, age (P = 0.046 and serum creatinine (P = 0.018 were strong predictors of the presence of RAS. We concluded that RAS is a common finding in patients with coronary artery disease. We suggest that all older females with deteriorating renal function and long-standing hypertension should be carefully evaluated for early detection of the RAS.

  18. An Aberrant Artery Arising From Common Hepatic Artery

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    Surekha D. Jadhav

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Common hepatic artery is the branch of celiac trunk which is chief artery of the foregut. Branches of celiac trunk supply the gastrointestinal tract and its associated glands which are derived from foregut. Anatomy and variations of hepatic arterial system have become increasingly important due to increasing number of laparoscopic procedures, oncologic surgical interventions, and organ transplant cases. This case report describes a rare anatomical variation of an aberrant artery arising from common hepatic artery before the origin of gastroduodenal artery and proper hepatic artery.The aberrant artery traversed inferiorly and behind the body of the pancreas which divided into a right and left branches. The right branch ran behind the neck of the pancreas and it ended after giving few branches to head and body of pancreas. However, the left branch gave off branches to the proximal part of the jejunum. The presence of a branch arising directly from the common hepatic artery supplying the pancreas and jejunum is uncommon. Knowledge of such a rare variation is important not only for surgeons but also interventional radiologists and those studying anatomy

  19. Isolated Unilateral Absent Branch Pulmonary Artery with Peripheral Pulmonary Stenosis and Coronary Artery Disease

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    Sunil Abhishek B

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Isolated Unilateral Absent Pulmonary Artery (UAPA is a rare congenital anomaly. It is usually associated with congenital heart defects. A 45 year old male patient presented with complaints of fever with cough and expectoration for 15 days and retrosternal chest discomfort for the previous 2 days. ECG showed diffuse ST segment depression with T wave inversion in the inferior and lateral leads. Coronary Angiogram done through the right femoral approach revealed diffusely diseased Left Anterior Descending (LAD artery that was totally cut off at the mid segment. The Left Circumflex (LCx artery was providing blood supply to the right middle and lower lung areas. There was another collateral arising from the Left Subclavian Artery supplying the right middle and lower lung areas. The left pulmonary artery was normal, but branches supplying the middle and lower lobes of the right lung were absent and the upper lobe branch had pulmonary stenosis. UAPA is a rare clinical entity; collaterals from coronaries are extremely rare in this condition and till now there has not been any case report of unilateral absent branch pulmonary artery with peripheral stenosis of other branches, on the affected side and associated coronary artery disease.

  20. Nonocclusive Hepatic Artery Hypoperfusion Syndrome (Splenic Steal Syndrome) in Liver Transplant Recipients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saad, Wael E. A.

    2012-01-01

    There are numerous causes of reduced arterial inline flow to the liver transplant despite a patent hepatic artery. These include causes of increased peripheral resistance in the hepatic arterial bed, siphoning of the hepatic arterial flow by a dominant splenic artery (splenic steal syndrome), functional reduction of hepatic arterial flow in response to hyperdynamic portal inline flow, and small hepatic graft relative to normal portal inline flow (relative increase of portal flow). These causes are incompletely understood, and perhaps the most controversial of all is the splenic steal syndrome, which is possibly an underrecognized cause of graft ischemia in the United States. Splenic steal syndrome presents nonspecifically as graft dysfunction; if overlooked, it may lead to graft failure. Its incidence is reported to be 0.6 to 10.1% in liver transplant recipients, with some institutions performing prophylactic and/or posttransplant treatment procedures in up to a quarter of their transplant recipients. This wide disparity in the incidence of the diagnosis is probably because there are no objective diagnostic imaging criteria. This article presents a review of the literature that addresses the differential diagnostic considerations of hepatic artery hypoperfusion (splenic steal syndrome included) in the absence of an anatomical defect (hepatic artery stenosis, thrombosis, and/or kinks). PMID:23729985

  1. Multi-detector Computed Tomography Angiography of the Hepatic Artery in Liver Transplant Recipients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boraschi, P.; Donati, F.; Cossu, M.C.; Gigoni, R.; Vignali, C.; Filipponi, F.; Bartolozzi, C.; Falaschi, F. [Pisa Univ. Hospital (Italy). 2nd Dept. of Radiology

    2005-08-01

    PURPOSE: To evaluate the ability of multi-detector row computed tomography angiography (CTA) in detecting hepatic artery complications in the follow-up of liver transplant patients, performing volume-rendering as reconstruction technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The anatomy of hepatic artery was studied in 27 liver transplant recipients with a four-row CT scanner using the following parameters: collimation, 1 mm; slice width, 1 mm; table feed, 6-8 mm/s; spiral reconstruction time, 0.5 s; reconstruction interval, 0.5 mm; mAs, 160; kVp, 120. Before the study, the patients received 1000 ml of water as oral contrast agent to produce negative contrast in the stomach and the small bowel. A non-ionic contrast medium was infused intravenously at a rate of 5 ml/s with a bolus tracking system. Volume-rendering of hepatic artery was performed with the 3D Virtuoso software. RESULTS: The celiac trunk, the hepatic artery, and the right and left hepatic arteries were successfully displayed in high detail in all patients. Side branches, including small collaterals, and hepatic artery anastomosis could also be readily visualized. Volume-rendered CTA detected six hepatic artery stenoses, two hepatic artery thromboses, and two intrahepatic pseudoaneurysms. In two cases, CT detected hepatic artery stenosis with a diameter reduction of less than 50%, while digital subtraction angiography showed a normal artery. CONCLUSION: Volume-rendered multi-detector CTA is a promising non-invasive technique, since it allows images of high quality to be generated with excellent anatomical visualization of the hepatic artery and its complications in liver transplant recipients.

  2. Early Manifestation of Supravalvular Aortic and Pulmonary Artery Stenosis in a Patient with Williams Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jong Uk Lee

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Williams syndrome (WS is a developmental disorder characterized by vascular abnormalities such as thickening of the vascular media layer in medium- and large-sized arteries. Supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS and peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis (PPAS are common vascular abnormalities in WS. The natural course of SVAS and PPAS is variable, and the timing of surgery or intervention is determined according to the progression of vascular stenosis. In our patient, SVAS and PPAS showed rapid concurrent progression within two weeks after birth. We report the early manifestation of SVAS and PPAS in the neonatal period and describe the surgical treatment for stenosis relief.

  3. Case report of hepatic artery dissection secondary to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after living donor liver transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Ma, Lin; Chen, Kefei; Lu, Qiang; Ling, Wenwu; Luo, Yan

    2016-01-01

    Background Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP) and Hepatic artery dissection are rare vascular complications after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), which may lead to graft loss and death of the recipients. Conventional gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound, as well as contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), play important roles in identifying vascular complications in the early postoperative period and during follow-up. We report a case of hepatic artery dissection secondary to HAP after L...

  4. The prevalence and clinical predictors of incidental atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozkan, Ugur [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Adana/Turkey (Turkey)], E-mail: radugur@yahoo.com; Oguzkurt, Levent; Tercan, Fahri [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Adana/Turkey (Turkey); Nursal, Tarik Z. [Baskent University Faculty of Medicine, Department of General Surgery, Ankara/Turkey (Turkey)

    2009-03-15

    Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of incidental renal artery stenosis due to atherosclerosis and associated risk factors in patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). Materials and methods: To determine renal artery stenosis, aortofemoropopliteal digital substraction angiographies (DSA) of 629 consecutive patients with PAD were prospectively reviewed. Angiographies were performed as catheter angiography with automated pump injection. Of the patients, 540 were male (86%) and 89 female (14%) (mean age {+-} S.D.: 61.5 {+-} 11.1 years). Statistical analysis was performed to determine the association of significant renal artery stenosis ({>=}60% diameter stenosis) with patient demographics (age, sex, reason for angiography and smoking status), medical history (diabetes mellitus, hypertension and coronary artery disease), laboratory values (blood creatinine, fasting glucose, triglycerides, LDL, HDL and total cholesterol) and distribution of PAD (aortoiliac, femoropopliteal and crural diseases and multisegment involvement). Results: Renal artery disease was found in 33% (207 of 629) of all patients with peripheral arterial disease, and 9.6% of patients (n = 60) had significant ({>=}60%) renal artery stenosis. Only age and hypertension (blood pressure systolic >140 mmHg or diastolic >90 mmHg) were independent risk factors for significant renal artery stenosis on multivariate analysis. Mean age of patients with RAS was 66.5 {+-} 8.9 years compared with 61 {+-} 11.2 years for patients without RAS (p < 0.001). Hypertension was found in 41% of the patients in control group and in 63% of the patients in RAS group (p = 0.01). Conclusion: Incidental renal artery stenosis which can be mild or significant is a relatively common finding among patients with peripheral arterial disease. Advance age and hypertension are closely associated with significant renal artery stenosis.

  5. Doppler ultrasound and renal artery stenosis: An overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granata, A.; Fiorini, F.; Andrulli, S.; Logias, F.; Gallieni, M.; Romano, G.; Sicurezza, E.; Fiore, C.E.

    2009-01-01

    Renovascular disease is a complex disorder, most commonly caused by fibromuscular dysplasia and atherosclerotic diseases. It can be found in one of three forms: asymptomatic renal artery stenosis (RAS), renovascular hypertension, and ischemic nephropathy. Particularly, the atherosclerotic form is a progressive disease that may lead to gradual and silent loss of renal function. Thus, early diagnosis of RAS is an important clinical objective since interventional therapy may improve or cure hypertension and preserve renal function. Screening for RAS is indicated in suspected renovascular hypertension or ischemic nephropathy, in order to identify patients in whom an endoluminal or surgical revascularization is advisable. Screening tests for RAS have improved considerably over the last decade. While captopril renography was widely used in the past, Doppler ultrasound (US) of the renal arteries (RAs), angio-CT, or magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) have replaced other modalities and they are now considered the screening tests of choice. An arteriogram is rarely needed for diagnostic purposes only. Color-Doppler US (CDUS) is a noninvasive, repeatable, relatively inexpensive diagnostic procedure which can accurately screen for renovascular diseases if performed by an expert. Moreover, the evaluation of the resistive index (RI) at Doppler US may be very useful in RAS affected patients for predicting the response to revascularization. However, when a discrepancy exists between clinical data and the results of Doppler US, additional tests are mandatory. PMID:23397022

  6. Association between Carotid Artery Stenosis and Cognitive Impairment in Stroke Patients: A Cross-Sectional Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wei Yue

    Full Text Available To investigate potential associations between carotid artery stenosis and cognitive impairment among patients with acute ischemic stroke and to provide important clinical implications. We measured the degree of carotid artery stenosis and recorded the Mini-Mental State Examination score (MMSE at admission in 3116 acute ischemic stroke patients. The association between carotid stenosis and cognitive impairment assessed by MMSE was tested using multivariate regression analysis. Other clinical variables of interest were also studied. After adjusting for age, gender, education level, marriage, alcohol use, tobacco use, physical activity, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia, atrial fibrillation, myocardial infarction and NIHSS (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score, we found that participants with high-grade stenosis of the carotid artery had a higher likelihood of cognitive impairment compared to those without carotid artery stenosis (OR = 1.49, 95%CI: 1.05-2.11, p<0.001. Left common carotid artery stenosis was associated with cognitive impairment in the univariate analysis, although this effect did not persist after adjustment for the NIHSS score. Cognitive impairment was associated with high-grade stenosis of the right carotid artery.

  7. Coronary artery disease: Which degree of coronary artery stenosis is indicative of ischemia?

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    Donati, Olivio F. [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Stolzmann, Paul [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States); Desbiolles, Lotus; Leschka, Sebastian [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Kozerke, Sebastian [Institute for Biomedical Engineering, University and ETH Zurich (Switzerland); Plass, Andre [Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Wyss, Christophe [Cardiovascular Center, Cardiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Falk, Volkmar [Clinic for Cardiovascular Surgery, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Marincek, Borut [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Alkadhi, Hatem [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States); Scheffel, Hans, E-mail: hans.scheffel@usz.ch [Institute of Diagnostic Radiology, University Hospital Zurich (Switzerland); Cardiac MR PET CT Program, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston (United States)

    2011-10-15

    Purpose: To prospectively determine the best cut-off value of stenosis degree for low-dose computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) to predict the hemodynamic significance of coronary artery stenoses compared to catheter angiography (CA) using a cardiac magnetic resonance based approach as standard of reference. Materials and methods: Fifty-two patients (mean age, 64 {+-} 10 years) scheduled for CA underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) at 1.5-T and dual-source CTCA using prospective ECG-triggering the same day. Diagnostic performance of CTCA and CA to detect myocardial ischemia was evaluated with CMR as the standard of reference. The diagnostic performance and best cut-off values to predict the hemodynamic significance of coronary were determined from receiver operating characteristics analysis (ROC). Results: CA revealed >50% stenoses in 131/832 segments (15.7%) in 78/156 (50.0%) coronary arteries in 32/52 (62%) patients. CTCA revealed >50% stenoses in 148/807 (18.3%) segments, corresponding to 83/156 (53.2%) coronary arteries in 34/52 (65.4%) patients. CMR revealed ischemia in 118/832 (14.2%) myocardial segments corresponding to the territories of 60/156 (38.5%) coronary arteries in 29/52 (56%) patients. ROC analysis showed equal diagnostic performance for low-dose CTCA and CA with areas under the curve (AUC) of 0.82 and 0.83 (P = 0.64). The optimal cut-off value was determined at stenosis of >60% for the prediction of hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis by CTCA. Using this cut-off value, sensitivity, specificity, NPV and PPV to predict hemodynamic significance by CTCA were 100%, 83%, 100%, and 88% on a per-patient basis and 88%, 73%, 83% and 81% on a per-artery analysis, respectively. Conclusion: By considering coronary stenosis >60%, diagnostic performance for predicting the hemodynamic significance of coronary stenosis by CTCA is optimal and equals that of CA.

  8. Evaluation of flow velocity in unilateral middle cerebral artery stenosis by Transcranial Doppler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Lin; Xing, Yingqi; Li, Yang; Han, Ke; Chen, Jiafeng

    2014-11-01

    To determine the optimal velocity values in diagnosing unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis by Transcranial Doppler (TCD), and improve the diagnostic accuracy using magnetic resonance angiography (MRA), a total of 302 unilateral MCA stenosis patients undergoing TCD also consented to a MRA of the intracranial arteries. The peak systolic velocity (PSV) and each MCA spectrum for each patient were recorded. Using the MRA to confirm, the degree of middle cerebral artery stenosis was categorized into four groups: normal (normal caliber and signal), mild (PSV values for normal and stenosis were 160 cm/s. For mild and moderate were 200 cm/s, for moderate and severe were 280 cm/s. Using PSV as the diagnostic criteria, the Kappa number was >0.668. The optimal PSV differential value for mild and moderate was 70 cm/s, for moderate and severe at 120 cm/s. Optimal combined criteria for moderate stenosis were PSV >200 cm/s and PSV differential value >70 cm/s (specificity 87.2 %), for severe stenosis were PSV >280 cm/s and PSV differential value >120 cm/s (sensibility 81.6 %). Transcranial Doppler distinguishes normal and MCA stenosis with a reduced lumen diameter of less than 50 %. Using the PSV criteria, TCD has a high coincidence rate with MRA in the diagnosis of MCA stenosis. Combined PSV differential value and the abnormal spectrum may improve the accuracy of TCD in diagnosing moderate or severe stenosis.

  9. Functional and structural adaptations of coronary microvessels distal to a chronic coronary artery stenosis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    O. Sorop (Oana); D. Merkus (Daphne); V.J. de Beer (Vincent Jacob); B. Houweling (Birgit); A. Pistea (Adrian); E.O. McFalls (Edward); F. Boomsma (Frans); H.M.M. van Beusekom (Heleen); W.J. van der Giessen (Wim); E. VanBavel (Ed); D.J.G.M. Duncker (Dirk)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractDistal to a chronic coronary artery stenosis, structural remodeling of the microvasculature occurs. The microvascular functional changes distal to the stenosis have not been studied in detail. We tested the hypothesis that microvascular structural remodeling is accompanied by altered

  10. [Study on correlation between retinal vessel morphology or ocular hemodynamic parameter and internal carotid artery stenosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, H Y; Wang, H; Zhang, X J; Feng, Y H; Wang, Z C; Wang, Y L

    2016-12-11

    Objective: To analyze the correlation between retinal vascular calibers, ocular blood flow parameters and internal carotid artery stenosis and to evaluate the effect of internal carotid artery stenosis on ocular blood vessels comprehensively. Methods: A retrospective case-control study. The clinical data of 141 patients who underwent head-and-neck computed tomography (CT) angiography examinations of the ICA were collected at Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2014 to January 2016. According to diagnostic criteria, the patients were divided into four groups: the non-stenosis group, the mild stenosis group, the moderate stenosis group, and the severe stenosis andocclusion group. The retinal vascular caliber was measured in color fundus photograph by IVAN software. Color Doppler ultrasonography was used to measure the parameters of ocular blood flow, including the peak systolic velocity (PSV), end diastolic velocity (EDV), resistance index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI). The enumeration data were analyzed with chi-square test, the measurement data were analyzed with rank-sum test, and the correlation test was performed with spearman. Results: The gender ratio of the patients without stenosis, mild stenosis, moderate stenosis, severe stenosis and occlusion was 12/7, 31/19, 28/25, 12/7, χ(2) test was not statistically significant (χ(2)= 0.79, P=0.85); There was no statistically significant difference between the different groups (χ(2)= 0.15, P=0.68), the age of four groups were (64.1±8.3), (54.3±14.3), (68.9±11.8) and (59.1±8.0) y, respectively. In the no internal carotid artery stenosis group, the arteries diameter is (164.5±15.6) μm ,the vein diameter is (245.6±20.0) μm and the arteriovenous ratio is 0.7±0.1. There is no difference among the mild stenosis group, moderate stenosis group and the severe stenosis (χ(2)artery caliber=6.92, Partery caliber=0.08; χ(2)vein diameter=4.16, Pvein diameter=0.25; χ(2)arteriolar

  11. Validation of subclavian duplex velocity criteria to grade severity of subclavian artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousa, Albeir Y; Morkous, Ramez; Broce, Mike; Yacoub, Michael; Sticco, Andrew; Viradia, Ravi; Bates, Mark C; AbuRahma, Ali F

    2017-06-01

    Validation of subclavian duplex ultrasound velocity criteria (SDUS VC) to grade the severity of subclavian artery stenosis has not been established or systematically studied. Currently, there is a paucity of published literature and lack of practitioner consensus for how subclavian duplex velocity findings should be interpreted in patients with subclavian artery stenosis. The objective of the present study was to validate SDUS measurements using subclavian conventional or computed tomography angiogram (subclavian angiogram [SA])-derived measurements. Secondary objectives included measuring the correlation between SDUS peak systolic velocities and SA measurements, and to determine the optimal cutoff value for predicting significant stenosis (>70%). This is a retrospective review of all patients with suspected subclavian artery stenosis and a convenience sample of carotid artery patients who underwent SDUS and SA from May 1999 to July 2013. SA reference vessel and intralesion minimal lumen diameters were measured and compared with SDUS velocities obtained within 3 months of the imaging study. Percent stenosis was calculated using the North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial method for detecting stenosis in a sufficiently large cohort. Receiver operating characteristic curves was generated for SDUS VC to predict >70% stenosis. Velocity cutoff points were determined with equal weighting of sensitivity and specificity. We examined 268 arteries for 177 patients. The majority of the arteries were for female patients (52.5%) with a mean age of 66.7 ± 11.1 years. Twenty-three arteries had retrograde vertebral artery flow and excluded from further analysis. For the remaining 245 arteries, the average peak systolic velocity was 212.6 ± 110.7 cm/s, with a range of 45-626 cm/s. Average stenosis was 25.8% ± 28.2%, with a range of 0% to 100%. Following receiver operating characteristic analysis, we found a cutoff value of >240 cm/s to be most predictive

  12. Aorta-LITA Bypass Grafting with Saphenous Vein in a Patient Undergoing Coronary Artery Surgery with Subclavian Artery Stenosis

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    Kerim Çağlı

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The internal thoracic artery (ITA is the primary graft for coronary artery bypass grafting and can not be used if there is subclavian artery stenosis (SAS. Aorto-axillary, carotid-subclavian bypass and also angioplasty with stenting or other interventional treatments are acceptable procedures for SAS treatment. Aorta-ITA bypass with saphenous vein can be alternative and simple technique for SAS to save Winslow pathway for patients with peripheral artery disease.

  13. A multimodal imaging study on spatial pattern of cerebral perfusion change caused by symptomatic unilateral carotid artery stenosis

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    Jian-rui LI

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the spatial pattern of cerebral perfusion decrease resulting from symptomatic unilateral carotid artery stenosis and to assess the relationship between degrees of stenosis and cerebral blood flow (CBF.  Methods CT angiography (CTA and arterial spin labeling (ASL MRI cerebral perfusion were performed in 22 patients with symptomatic unilateral carotid artery stenosis. Diagnosis of carotid artery stenosis and measurement of stenosis degrees was performed by using CTA; cerebral perfusion was determined by ASL. Voxel-based analysis (VBA were applied to observe perfusion changes in patients with mild stenosis and moderate to severe stenosis, and spatial pattern of cerebral perfusion changes caused by carotid artery stenosis. Analysis based on region of interest (ROI was used to explore the relationship between degrees of stenosis and CBF. Results Twenty-two patients with symptomatic unilateral carotid artery stenosis (13 in the left side and 9 in the right included 13 cases with mild stenosis and 9 cases with moderate to severe stenosis. Compared to those with mild stenosis, patients with moderate to severe stenosis showed reduced CBF in bilateral (especially in the affected side parietal lobes (t = - 2.382, P = 0.014, frontal lobes (t = - 2.354, P = 0.015 and centrum semiovale (t = - 2.283, P = 0.017, and was basically located in bilateral cerebral watershed area. Furthermore, perfusion in these areas was negatively correlated with the degree of stenosis (r = - 0.479, P = 0.024.  Conclusions Symptomatic unilateral carotid artery stenosis may result in cerebral perfusion decreases in bilateral (particularly in the affected side watershed area and cerebral blood flow is negatively correlated with the degree of stenosis. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2015.02.006

  14. The optimal velocity criterion in the diagnosis of unilateral middle cerebral artery stenosis by transcranial Doppler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Jiafeng; Wang, Lin; Bai, Jing; Lun, Zhijun; Zhang, Jinqiao; Xing, Yingqi

    2014-05-01

    We evaluated the optimal flow velocity of transcranial doppler (TCD) in detecting unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis and stenosis grading by magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) as the reference standard. 302 nonconsecutive patients with unilateral MCA stenosis detected by TCD underwent MRA of the intracranial arteries. The peak systolic velocity (PSV), mean flow velocity (MFV), and end-diastolic velocity (EDV) of each MCA were recorded. 604 MCA were categorized into four groups depending on the stenosis severity: normal MCA (n = 319, 52.8%), mild stenosis (n = 94, 15.6%), moderate stenosis (n = 66, 10.9%), and severe stenosis (n = 125, 20.7%). Significant differences in PSV, MFV, and EDV between these four groups were observed (P PSV = 160 cm/s, MFV = 100 cm/s, EDV = 60 cm/s; the optimal cutoff points to distinguish mild from moderate stenosis were: PSV = 200 cm/s, MFV = 120 cm/s, EDV = 80 cm/s; the cutoffs to distinguish moderate from severe stenosis were: PSV = 280 cm/s, MFV = 180 cm/s, EDV = 110 cm/s. Using PSV as the diagnostic criteria, the correlation for diagnosing MCA stenosis using TCD and MCA was good (Kappa number κ = 0.668); using as MFV criteria, κ = 0.641. The optimal cutoff PSV values in stenosis grading on TCD were 160, 200, and 280 cm/s. The optimal cutoff MFV values were 100, 120, and 180 cm/s. PSV is more accurate than MFV in detecting and grading MCA stenosis.

  15. Detection and treatment of transplant renal artery stenosis

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    Sriram Krishnamoorthy

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To assess the effects of transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS on blood pressure, renal function, and graft survival. To assess the usefulness of Doppler in predicting the clinical significance of TRAS and also to identify the predictive factors in Doppler that correlated with clinical features of TRAS. Materials and Methods: A prospective study was done on consecutive renal allograft recipients at Christian Medical College, over a period of 66 months from January 2002. All recipients underwent Doppler ultrasound (DUS evaluation on the fifth post-operative day. Subsequent evaluation was done if the patients had any clinical or biochemical suspicion of TRAS. Angiogram was done in case of a high index of suspicion of significant stenosis or before angioplasty and stenting. The clinical and radiological outcomes of the patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic TRAS were analyzed. Results: Five hundred and forty three consecutive renal allograft recipients were analyzed, of whom, 43 were found to have TRAS. Nine recipients (21% were detected to have TRAS on first evaluation. All had a high peak systolic velocities (PSV recorded while 25 of them had other associated features. Patients with only high PSV required no further intervention and were followed up. They had a pretransplant mean arterial pressure (MAP of 107.83 mmHg (SD = 13.32, ranging from 90 to 133 mm Hg and a posttransplant MAP of 106.56 mmHg (SD =16.51, ranging from 83 to 150 mm Hg. Their mean nadir serum creatinine was 1.16 mg% (SD = 0.24, at detection was 1.6 mg% (SD = 1.84 and at 6 months follow-up was 1.26 mg% (SD=0.52. Of the remaining 25 patients with other associated Doppler abnormalities, 11 required further intervention in the form of re-exploration in 2, angioplasty in 3 and stenting in 6 patients. One patient in the group of patients intervened, expired in the immediate post-operative period due to overwhelming urosepsis and consumption coagulopathy. The mean

  16. Interventional treatment of acute hepatic artery occlusion after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhi-Wei; Wang, Mao-Qiang; Zhou, Ning-Xin; Liu, Zhe; Huang, Zhi-Qiang

    2007-10-01

    With the development of the associated technology, interventional treatment has become an important method for the treatment of hepatic artery occlusion in some countries. This study was undertaken to evaluate the role of interventional methods in the diagnosis and treatment of acute hepatic artery occlusion after liver transplantation. The diagnosis and treatment of 9 cases of acute hepatic artery occlusion after liver transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. In 109 cases of liver transplantation, 9 were diagnosed by angiography. Among them, 7 were diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound. After transcatheter thrombolysis, the hepatic arteries were partially or totally patent again in 6 cases of hepatic artery occlusion after liver transplantation, and stent placements in the hepatic artery were performed in 5 cases. All stents proved patent and no patient required another liver transplantation. Angiography plays an important role in diagnosing hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation. Interventional therapy is a valuable method in the treatment of acute hepatic artery occlusion after liver transplantation.

  17. Prognostic Value of Gai′s Plaque Score and Agatston Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Functionally Significant Coronary Artery Stenosis

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    Chuang Zhang

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Both CACS in a single artery and Gai's plaque score demonstrated a good capacity to assess functionally significant coronary artery stenosis when compared to the gold standard FFR. However, Gai's plaque score was more predictive of FFR <0.80. Gai's score can be easily calculated in daily clinical practice and could be used when considering revascularization.

  18. Feasibility of intravenous flat panel detector CT angiography for intracranial arterial stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, J S; Sheen, S H; Hwang, G J; Kim, H C; Kwon, B J

    2013-01-01

    I.v. FDCT angiography is an emerging technology for the detection of intracranial vascular disease. This study was conducted to determine the feasibility of i.v. FDCT in estimating major atherosclerotic intracranial arterial stenosis with DSA as the reference. DSA and i.v. FDCT were performed simultaneously in patients with transient ischemic attack or acute cerebral infarction. The degree and length of stenosis were measured. The stenotic vessels were categorized into 4 groups by the grade of stenosis: normal (70%). The vessels of the normal group were excluded from analysis to reduce spectrum bias. Measurement of vessels was recorded by using an electric ruler by a qualified endovascular neurosurgeon and a neuroradiologist. Eight hundred forty-two vessel segments in 69 patients were calculated. Mild (n = 56), moderate (n = 47) and severe stenosis (n = 46) groups were analyzed. I.v. FDCT had a sensitivity of 97.6%, specificity of 96.9%, and negative predictive value of 96.9% for detecting ≥50% stenosis and respective values of 91.9%, 98.2%, and 97.4% for depicting ≥70% stenosis. The difference of stenotic length between the 2 tests was not significant as an increase in the severity of stenosis (Spearman rank correlation test; r = -0.12, P = .13). I.v. FDCT can be a feasible alternative as a noninvasive method for evaluating stenosis of the major intracranial arteries.

  19. Correlation between ABCD, ABCD2 scores and craniocervical artery stenosis in patients with transient ischemic attack.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wen; Dai, Jiafei; Xiong, Yunyun; Huang, Zhixin; Li, Yongkun; Liu, Wenhua; Zhu, Wusheng; Xu, Gelin; Liu, Xinfeng

    2013-01-01

    Craniocervical artery stenosis is an important etiology for transient ischemic attack (TIA). We hypothesized ABCD and ABCD2 scores can predict craniocervical artery stenosis in patients with TIA. ABCD and ABCD2 scores were calculated in a total of 479 consecutive first-ever TIA patients in Nanjing Stroke Registry Program and compared with angiographic imaging derived from MRI or invasive catheter-based angiography. Overall craniocervical artery (O-CA) stenosis was found in 197 (41.1%) patients. Extracranial craniocervical artery (E-CA) and intracranial craniocervical artery (I-CA) stenosis was found in 101 (21.1%) and 110 (23%) cases, respectively. ABCD and ABCD2 scores with similar accuracy for O-CA (AUCABCD 0.71, AUCABCD2 0.70), E-CA (AUCABCD 0.72, AUCABCD2 0.72) and I-CA stenosis (AUCABCD 0.62, AUCABCD2 0.62) were both independent predictors for various categories of artery stenosis after being adjusted for non-ABCD2 parameters. The cut-off points were equally 4 in both predicting rules. For ABCD, sensitivity was 57.4, 65.3 and 52.7% and specificity 77.0, 70.4 and 67.5% for O-CA/E-CA/I-CA, respectively. For ABCD2, sensitivity was 61.9, 69.3 and 58.2% and specificity 72.3, 65.6 and 63.1%. In patients with TIA, despite an association between ABCD and ABCD2 scores and underlying craniocervical artery stenosis, the clinical utility was limited by unsatisfactory sensitivity and specificity. Copyright © 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  20. Prevalence and clinical implications of renal artery stenosis in pediatric moyamoya disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baek, Jin Wook; Jo, Kyung-Il; Park, Jeong Jin; Jeon, Pyoung; Kim, Keon Ha

    2016-01-01

    Until recently, extracranial involvement of moyamoya disease (MMD) had not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and clinical implications of renal artery stenosis in pediatric MMD patients. This retrospective study included 101 pediatric (renal angiography. Baseline characteristics, including hypertension (HT) and angiographic findings, were retrospectively evaluated. The median age was 8 (range 2-16) years. Six patients (5.9%) had HT. Renal artery stenosis was identified in 8 patients (7.9%). Five of 8 renal artery stenosis patients had HT. Statistical analysis showed that advanced stages of MMD and HT were associated with renal artery stenosis (p Renal artery stenosis was not uncommon in pediatric MMD. Renal artery evaluation could help determine the cause of HT in advanced pediatric MMD cases. Further prospective and large-scale studies may be helpful in elucidating the extracranial manifestation of MMD. Copyright © 2015 European Paediatric Neurology Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Radiotherapy-induced concomitant coronary artery stenosis and mitral valve disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akboga, Mehmet Kadri; Akyel, Ahmet; Sahinarslan, Asife; Cengel, Atiye

    2014-04-01

    Radiotherapy is extensively used in the treatment of Hodgkin's disease. One of its untoward effects is on heart. Coronary arteries and heart valves can be adversely affected from radiotherapy. However, co-existence of both conditions is very rare. In this report, we present a patient with Hodgkin's disease who developed both coronary artery stenosis and severe mitral valve regurgitation after radiotherapy.

  2. Understanding the Impact of Arterial Stenosis on Blood Flow through a Tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prakash, Elapulli Sankaranarayanan

    2015-01-01

    This article arises from the author's experience helping medical students apply core biophysical principles toward understanding cardiovascular physiology. The purpose of the article is illustrate how the effect of an arterial stenosis on blood flow to tissue supplied exclusively by the stenosed artery should be assessed. This discussion was…

  3. Arterial clamping leads to stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriens, Bianca H. R.; Pol, Robert A.; Hulsebos, Robin G.; van Det, Rob J.; van der Palen, Job; Zeebregts, Clark J.; Geelkerken, Robert H.

    BACKGROUND: To date, the incidence and clinical relevance of arterial stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery is unknown. METHODS: Ninety-four patients underwent a femoropopliteal bypass in which the arterial inflow and outflow clamp sites were controlled by the

  4. Arterial clamping leads to stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriens, Bianca H.R.; Pol, Robert A.; Hulsebos, Robin G.; van Det, Rob J.; van der Palen, Jacobus Adrianus Maria; Zeebregts, Clark J.; Geelkerken, Robert H.

    2015-01-01

    Background To date, the incidence and clinical relevance of arterial stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery is unknown. Methods Ninety-four patients underwent a femoropopliteal bypass in which the arterial inflow and outflow clamp sites were controlled by the Fogarty-Soft-Inlay

  5. A case of an unruptured hepatic aneurysm on the common hepatic artery at the junction of the gastroduodenal and proper hepatic arteries treated with transcatheter arterial embolization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imai, Yusuke; Hirooka, Masashi; Koizumi, Yohei; Nakamura, Yoshiko; Watanabe, Takao; Yoshida, Osamu; Tokumoto, Yoshio; Takeshita, Eiji; Abe, Masanori; Hiasa, Yoichi

    2017-01-01

    Hepatic aneurysms are rare, but can prove fatal once they rupture. Transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) is performed as a prophylactic treatment. The position of the aneurysm determines the degree of difficulty of TAE. Maintaining blood flow to the liver can become difficult, particularly when the aneurysm is at an arterial junction. The patient was a 72-year-old man diagnosed with a hepatic aneurysm. The aneurysm was situated on the common hepatic artery at the junction of the gastroduodenal and proper hepatic arteries. TAE was performed with framing, followed by coil embolization. Blood flow to the liver was maintained via the gastroduodenal artery. Appropriate framing is important for safe and efficient TAE.

  6. Hepatic artery aneurysm repair: a case report

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    Jaunoo SS

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Hepatic artery aneurysms remain a clinically significant entity. Their incidence continues to rise slowly and mortality from spontaneous rupture is high. Repair is recommended in those aneurysms greater than 2 cm in diameter. It is not surprising that vascular comorbidities, such as ischaemic heart disease, are common in surgical patients, particularly those with arterial aneurysms such as these. The decision of when to operate on patients who require urgent surgery despite having recently suffered an acute coronary syndrome remains somewhat of a grey and controversial area. We discuss the role of delayed surgery and postoperative followup of this vascular problem. Case presentation A 58-year-old man was admitted with a 5.5 cm hepatic artery aneurysm. The aneurysm was asymptomatic and was an incidental finding as a result of an abdominal computed tomography scan to investigate an episode of haemoptysis (Figure 1. Three weeks prior to admission, the patient had suffered a large inferior myocardial infarction and was treated by thrombolysis and primary coronary angioplasty. Angiographic assessment revealed a large aneurysm of the common hepatic artery involving the origins of the hepatic, gastroduodenal, left and right gastric arteries and the splenic artery (Figures 2 and 3. Endovascular treatment was not considered feasible and immediate surgery was too high-risk in the early post-infarction period. Therefore, surgery was delayed for 3 months when aneurysm repair with reconstruction of the hepatic artery was successfully performed. Graft patency was confirmed with the aid of an abdominal arterial duplex. Plasma levels of conventional liver function enzymes and of alpha-glutathione-S-transferase were within normal limits. This was used to assess the extent of any hepatocellular damage perioperatively. The patient made a good recovery and was well at his routine outpatient check-ups. Conclusion There is no significant

  7. Accuracy of multidetector computed tomographic angiography for detecting hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayahan Ulu, E M; Coskun, M; Ozbek, O; Tutar, N U; Ozturk, A; Aytekin, C; Haberal, M

    2007-12-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MDCTA) for detecting hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation. Between July 2001 and September 2006, 212 patients underwent liver transplantation including 110 (41 female and 69 male patients); of mean age, 24 years (range=6 months to 66 years) who were assessed with MDCTA. First, arterial phase images obtained after intravenous injection of 150 mL of contrast at a rate of 4 mL/s were acquired using the bolus triggering technique. Then portal and late-phase images were obtained. Axial and coronal maximum intensity projection (MIP) images and volume-rendered images were produced from the axial image data. Arterial vascular complications were noted. Stenosis was defined as severe (>75%), moderate (>or=50%), or mild (hepatic artery complications detected by MDCTA had correlative digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Seven of 110 patients with normal hepatic artery and venous pathologies in MDCTA also had DSA to investigate venous complications. MDCTA showed hepatic artery complications in 38 of the 110 patients who were assessed with this modality. DSA confirmed the MDCTA findings in all but 1 of the 29 patients assessed with catheter angiography. Fourteen of the 38 individuals also underwent percutaneous interventions and treatment. Fifteen patients had early hepatic artery complications, and 23 late hepatic artery complications. The most common early complications were thrombosis (66.6%) and stenosis (26.6%). The most common late complications were stenosis (56.5%) and thrombosis (26%). If we evaluate the early and late complications, the incidence of late complications was greater than that of the early complications (61% vs 39%). There was no statistically significant difference in cadaveric and living donor liver transplants for early versus late or for type of complications. MDCTA is noninvasive imaging modality that accurately shows a variety

  8. Captopril-induced acute renal artery thrombosis and persistent anuria in a patient with documented pre-existing renal artery stenosis and renal failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, P. S.; Hendy, M. S.; Ackrill, P.

    1984-01-01

    We describe an elderly man, with pre-existing renal failure and atheromatous renal artery stenosis, who developed persistent anuria due to renal artery thrombosis after acute hypotension following captopril administration. Caution should be used when captopril is first administered to patients with impaired renal function in whom renal artery stenosis is known or suspected. Images Fig. 1 PMID:6382225

  9. Imaging markers of stroke risk in asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis

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    Shyam Prabhakaran

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Carotid stenosis is a major cause of ischemic stroke. While symptomatic carotid stenosis requires prompt revascularization, there is significant debate about the management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis (ACS, especially in light of recent advances in medical therapy. As a result, there is an even greater need for reliable predictors of stroke risk in asymptomatic patients. Besides clinical factors and stenosis grade, plaque morphology and cerebral hemodynamics may be suitable prognostic tools. High-risk features, using Doppler and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI suggest that subpopulations at sufficiently high risk (10% annually can be identified and in whom revascularization would be most beneficial. In this review, imaging tools to aid in stroke risk stratification in patients with ACS are discussed.

  10. Effect of Blood Shear Forces on Platelet Mediated Thrombosis Inside Arterial Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maalej, Nabil

    Shear induced activation of platelets plays a major role in the onset of thrombosis in atherosclerotic arteries. Blood hemodynamics and its effect on platelet kinetics has been studied mainly in in vitro and in ex vivo experiments. We designed new in vivo methods to study blood hemodynamic effects on platelet kinetics in canine stenosed carotid arteries. A carotid artery-jugular vein anastomotic shunt was produced. Intimal damage and controlled variations in the degree of stenosis were produced on the artery. An inflatable cuff was placed around the jugular vein to control vascular resistance. An electromagnetic flowmeter was used to measure blood flow. Doppler ultrasound crystals were used to measure the velocity profiles inside and distal to the stenosis. Stenosis geometry was obtained using digital subtraction angiography and quantitative arteriography. Using these measurements we calculated the wall shear stress using the finite difference solution of the Navier-Stokes equations. To study platelet kinetics, autologous platelets were labeled with Indium Oxine and injected IV. A collimated Nal gamma counter was placed over the stenosis to detect radio-labeled platelet accumulation as platelet mediated thrombi formed in the stenosis. The radioactive count rate increased in an inverse parallel fashion to the decline in flow rate during thrombus formation. The platelet accumulation increased with the increase of percent stenosis and was maximal at the narrow portion of the stenosis. Acute thrombus formation leading to arterial occlusion was only observed for stenosis higher than 70 +/- 5%. Platelet accumulation rate was not significant until the pressure gradient across the stenosis exceeded 40 +/- 10 mmHg. Totally occlusive thrombus formation was only observed for shear stresses greater than a critical value of 100 +/- 10 Pa. Beyond this critical value acute platelet thrombus formation increased exponentially with shear. Increased shear stresses were found to

  11. Angioplasty of symptomatic high-grade internal carotid artery stenosis with intraluminal thrombus: therapeutic approach

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez, A.; Mayol, A. [Seccion de Neurorradiologia Intervencionista, Servicio de Radiologia, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Avenida Manuel Siurot s/n, Avenida Manuel Siurot s/n, 41013, Sevilla (Spain); Gil-Peralta, A.; Gonzalez-Marcos, J.R. [Servicio de Neurologia, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Avenida Manuel Siurot s/n, 41013, Sevilla (Spain); Boza, F. [Servicio de Neurofisiologia, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Avenida Manuel Siurot s/n, 41013, Sevilla (Spain); Ruano, J. [Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocio, Avenida Manuel Siurot s/n, 41013, Sevilla (Spain)

    2004-04-01

    Intraluminal thrombus in the internal carotid artery (ICA) is usually found in patients with severe atheromatous stenosis. Having reviewed 300 carotid angioplasties for symptomatic >70% ICA stenosis, we found three patients (1%) with intraluminal thrombus. Conservative treatment with anticoagulants and double antiplatelet coverage can result in lysis of the thrombus without severe risks. Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting, preferably with distal protection, can be an excellent alternative to carotid endarterectomy. (orig.)

  12. A case of left main pulmonary artery aneurysm associated with valvular pulmonary stenosis in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ran; Son, Jae Sung; Park, Yong Mean

    2011-10-01

    Aneurysm of the main pulmonary artery is a rare clinical entity that can be congenital or acquired. Most cases occur in association with other congenital malformations, severe pulmonary hypertension, vasculitides, infectious agents, or collagen vascular disorders. We report here a pediatric case of left pulmonary artery aneurysm associated with valvular pulmonary stenosis and a hypoplastic right pulmonary artery, which we confirmed via multidetector computed tomography angiography.

  13. Arterial clamping leads to stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vriens, Bianca H R; Pol, Robert A; Hulsebos, Robin G; van Det, Rob J; van der Palen, Job; Zeebregts, Clark J; Geelkerken, Robert H

    2015-09-01

    To date, the incidence and clinical relevance of arterial stenosis at clamp sites after femoropopliteal bypass surgery is unknown. Ninety-four patients underwent a femoropopliteal bypass in which the arterial inflow and outflow clamp sites were controlled by the Fogarty-Soft-Inlay clamp and marked with an hemoclip. The number of pre-existing atherosclerotic segments, clamp force, and clamp time were recorded and the occurrence of a stenosis at the clamp site was determined. After a mean follow-up of 83 months, a significant stenosis was confirmed at 23 of the 178 clamp sites (12.9%; 95% confidence interval 8.4 to 18.8). The mean number of pre-existing atherosclerotic segments (P = .28) and the mean clamp force (P = .55) was similar between the groups with and without a stenosis. There was a significant difference regarding clamp time between the group with and without a stenosis (38 minutes and 26 minutes, P = .001). Arterial clamping, even with the Fogarty-Soft-Inlay clamp, can lead to clamp stenosis and seems to be related to the duration of clamping, but not to pre-existent atherosclerotic burden. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Semi-automatic quantitative measurements of intracranial internal carotid artery stenosis and calcification using CT angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bleeker, Leslie; Berg, Rene van den; Majoie, Charles B. [Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Marquering, Henk A. [Academic Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Academic Medical Center, Department of Biomedical Engineering and Physics, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Nederkoorn, Paul J. [Academic Medical Center, Department of Neurology, Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2012-09-15

    Intracranial carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is an independent predictor for recurrent stroke. However, its quantitative assessment is not routinely performed in clinical practice. In this diagnostic study, we present and evaluate a novel semi-automatic application to quantitatively measure intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) degree of stenosis and calcium volume in CT angiography (CTA) images. In this retrospective study involving CTA images of 88 consecutive patients, intracranial ICA stenosis was quantitatively measured by two independent observers. Stenoses were categorized with cutoff values of 30% and 50%. The calcification in the intracranial ICA was qualitatively categorized as absent, mild, moderate, or severe and quantitatively measured using the semi-automatic application. Linear weighted kappa values were calculated to assess the interobserver agreement of the stenosis and calcium categorization. The average and the standard deviation of the quantitative calcium volume were calculated for the calcium categories. For the stenosis measurements, the CTA images of 162 arteries yielded an interobserver correlation of 0.78 (P < 0.001). Kappa values of the categorized stenosis measurements were moderate: 0.45 and 0.58 for cutoff values of 30% and 50%, respectively. The kappa value for the calcium categorization was 0.62, with a good agreement between the qualitative and quantitative calcium assessment. Quantitative degree of stenosis measurement of the intracranial ICA on CTA is feasible with a good interobserver agreement ICA. Qualitative calcium categorization agrees well with quantitative measurements. (orig.)

  15. Validation of a basic neurosonology laboratory for detecting cervical carotid artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de la Cruz Cosme, C; Dawid Milner, M S; Ojeda Burgos, G; Gallardo Tur, A; Márquez Martínez, M; Segura, T

    2017-03-24

    Most of the cases of ischaemic stroke in our setting are of atherothrombotic origin. Detecting intracranial and cervical carotid artery stenosis in patients with ischaemic stroke is therefore essential. Ultrasonography has become the tool of choice for diagnosing carotid artery stenosis because it is both readily accessibility and reliable. However, use of this technique must be validated in each laboratory. The purpose of this study is to validate Doppler ultrasound in our laboratory as a means of detecting severe carotid artery stenosis. We conducted an observational descriptive study to evaluate diagnostic tests. The results from transcranial and cervical carotid Doppler ultrasound scans conducted by neurologists were compared to those from carotid duplex scans performed by radiologists in patients diagnosed with stroke. Arteriography was considered the gold standard (MR angiography, CT angiography, or conventional arteriography). Our sample included 228 patients. Transcranial and cervical carotid Doppler ultrasound showed a sensitivity of 95% and specificity of 100% for detection of carotid artery stenosis > 70%, whereas carotid duplex displayed a sensitivity of 87% and a specificity of 94%. Transcranial carotid Doppler ultrasound achieved a sensitivity of 78% and a specificity of 98% for detection of intracranial stenosis. Doppler ultrasound in our neurosonology laboratory was found to be a useful diagnostic tool for detecting cervical carotid artery stenosis and demonstrated superiority to carotid duplex despite the lack of B-mode. Furthermore, this technique was found to be useful for detecting intracranial stenosis. Copyright © 2017 Sociedad Española de Neurología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  16. Intramural location and size of arterial calcification are associated with stenosis at carotid bifurcation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yamada, Shigeki, E-mail: shigekiyamada3@gmail.com [Department of Neurosurgery and Stroke Center, Rakuwakai Otowa Hospital, Otowachinji-cho 2, Yamashina-ku, Kyoto 607-8602 (Japan); Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital, 25 Shogen-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka 430-8525 (Japan); Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies/Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan); Oshima, Marie, E-mail: marie@iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Interfaculty Initiative in Information Studies/Institute of Industrial Science, The University of Tokyo, 4-6-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8505 (Japan); Watanabe, Yoshihiko, E-mail: ynabe@magic.odn.ne.jp [Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital, 25 Shogen-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka 430-8525 (Japan); Ogata, Hideki, E-mail: hidogata@gmail.com [Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital, 25 Shogen-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka 430-8525 (Japan); Hashimoto, Kenji, E-mail: hashiken8022@yahoo.co.jp [Department of Neurosurgery, Kishiwada Municipal Hospital, 1001 Gakuhara-cho, Kishiwada city, Osaka 596-8501 (Japan); Miyake, Hidenori, E-mail: hi-miyake@hamamatsuh.rofuku.go.jp [Department of Neurosurgery, Hamamatsu Rosai Hospital, 25 Shogen-cho, Higashi-ku, Hamamatsu city, Shizuoka 430-8525 (Japan)

    2014-06-15

    Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis and intramural location and size of calcification at the ICA origins and the origins of the cervical arteries proximal to the ICA. Method: A total of 1139 ICAs were evaluated stenosis and calcification on the multi-detector row CT angiography. The intramural location was categorized into none, outside and inside location. The calcification size was evaluated on the 4-point grading scale. The multivariate analyses were adjusted for age, serum creatinine level, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, smoking and alcohol habits. Results: Outside calcification at the ICA origins showed the highest multivariate odds ratio (OR) for the presence of ICA stenosis (30.0) and severe calcification (a semicircle or more of calcification at the arterial cross-sectional surfaces) did the second (14.3). In the subgroups of >70% ICA stenosis, the multivariate OR of outside location increased to 44.8 and that of severe calcification also increased to 32.7. Four of 5 calcified carotid plaque specimens extracted by carotid endarterectomy were histologically confirmed to be calcified burdens located outside the internal elastic lamia which were defined as arterial medial calcification. Conclusions: ICA stenosis was strongly associated with severe calcification located mainly outside the carotid plaque. Outside calcification at the ICA origins should be evaluated separately from inside calcification, as a marker for the ICA stenosis. Additionally, we found that calcification at the origins of the cervical arteries proximal to the ICA was significantly associated with the ICA stenosis.

  17. Accuracy of unenhanced magnetic resonance angiography for the assessment of renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sebastià, Carmen; Sotomayor, Alejandro D; Paño, Blanca; Salvador, Rafael; Burrel, Marta; Botey, Albert; Nicolau, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the accuracy of unenhanced magnetic resonance angiography (U-MRA) using balanced steady-state free precession (SSFP) sequences with inversion recovery (IR) pulses for the evaluation of renal artery stenosis. U-MRA was performed in 24 patients with suspected main renal artery stenosis. Two radiologists evaluated the quality of the imaging studies and the ability of U-MRA to identify hemodynamically significant main renal artery stenosis (RAS) defined as a stenosis ≥50% when compared to gold standard tests: contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) (18 patients) or digital subtraction arteriography (DSA) (6 patients). A total of 44 main renal arteries were evaluated. Of them, 32 renal arteries could be assessed with U-MRA. When CE-MRA or DSA was used as the reference standard, nine renal arteries had hemodynamically significant RAS. U-MRA correctly identified eight out of nine arteries as having ≥50% RAS, and correctly identified 22 out of 23 arteries as not having significant RAS, with a sensitivity of 88.8%, a specificity of 95.65%, positive and negative predictive value of 88.8% and 95.65%, respectively, and an accuracy of 93.75%. Renal artery fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) was observed in the two misclassified arteries. U-MRA is a reliable diagnostic method to depict normal and stenotic main renal arteries. U-MRA can be used as an alternative to contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography or computer tomography angiography in patients with renal insufficiency unless FMD is suspected.

  18. Carotid stenosis measurement on colour Doppler ultrasound: Agreement of ECST, NASCET and CCA methods applied to ultrasound with intra-arterial angiographic stenosis measurement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wardlaw, Joanna M. [Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Crewe Road, Edinburgh EH4 2XU (United Kingdom)]. E-mail: jmw@skull.dcn.ed.ac.uk; Lewis, Steff [Division of Clinical Neurosciences, Western General Hospital, Crewe Road, Edinburgh EH4 2XU (United Kingdom)

    2005-11-01

    Purpose: Carotid stenosis is usually determined on Doppler ultrasound from velocity readings. We wondered if angiography-style stenosis measurements applied to ultrasound images improved accuracy over velocity readings alone, and if so, which measure correlated best with angiography. Materials and methods: We studied prospectively patients undergoing colour Doppler ultrasound (CDU) for TIA or minor stroke. Those with 50%+ symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis had intra-arterial angiography (IAA). We measured peak systolic ICA velocity, and from the ultrasound image, the minimal residual lumen, the original lumen (ECST), ICA diameter distal (NASCET) and CCA diameter proximal (CCA method) to the stenosis. The IAAs were measured by ECST, NASCET and CCA methods also, blind to CDU. Results: Amongst 164 patients (328 arteries), on CDU the ECST, NASCET and CCA stenosis measures were similarly related to each other (ECST = 0.54 NASCET + 46) as on IAA (ECST = 0.6 NASCET + 40). Agreement between CDU- and IAA-measured stenosis was similar for ECST (r = 0.51), and CCA (r = 0.48) methods, and slightly worse for NASCET (r = 0.41). Adding IAA-style stenosis to the peak systolic ICA velocity did not improve agreement with IAA over peak systolic velocity alone. Conclusion: Angiography-style stenosis measures have similar inter-relationships when applied to CDU, but do not improve accuracy of ultrasound over peak systolic ICA velocity alone.

  19. Splanchnic Artery Stenosis and Abdominal Complaints : Clinical History Is of Limited Value in Detection of Gastrointestinal Ischemia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Steege, R. W. F.; Sloterdijk, H. S.; Geelkerken, R. H.; Huisman, A. B.; van der Palen, J.; Kolkman, J. J.

    Splanchnic artery stenosis is common and mostly asymptomatic and may lead to gastrointestinal ischemia (chronic splanchnic syndrome, CSS). This study was designed to assess risk factors for CSS in the medical history of patients with splanchnic artery stenosis and whether these risk factors can be

  20. Splanchnic artery stenosis and abdominal complaints: clinical history is of limited value in detection of gastrointestinal ischemia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Steege, R.W.; Sloterdijk, H.S.; Geelkerken, R.H.; Huisman, A.B.; van der Palen, Jacobus Adrianus Maria; Kolkman, J.J.

    2012-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Splanchnic artery stenosis is common and mostly asymptomatic and may lead to gastrointestinal ischemia (chronic splanchnic syndrome, CSS). This study was designed to assess risk factors for CSS in the medical history of patients with splanchnic artery stenosis and whether these risk

  1. Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis in patients with severe peripheral vascular diseases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasoul Mirsharifi

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available

    • BACKGROUND: The prevalence of carotid artery stenosis (CAS in the  eneral population is not high enough to justify screening programs. This study was done to determine the prevalence of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS among patients with severe peripheral vascular disease (PVD.
    • METHODS: Between March 2005 and February 2006, 54 consecutive  atients with severe PVD admitted at a vascular surgery unit and underwent carotid duplex scanning in a prospective study. A  uestionnaire was used to collect data concerning known risk factors. Significant CAS was defined as a stenosis of 70% or greater.
    • RESULTS: The mean age was 62.5 years (51-72. Out of 54 patients, 2 (3.7% had an occluded internal carotid artery. Significant CAS was found in 9 (16.7% and its presence was correlated with diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, coronary artery disease, severity of symptoms, ankle-brachial index, and carotid bruit. On multivariate analysis, only hypercholesterolemia and carotid bruit seemed to have independent influence.
    • CONCLUSION: The prevalence of significant ACAS is higher among  atients with severe PVD. This patient population may indicate a  uitable subgroup for screening of ACAS, especially when hypercholesterolemia and carotid bruit are present.
    • KEYWORDS: Carotid artery stenosis, duplex ultrasound scanning, peripheral vascular disease, carotid endarterectomy,
    • cerebrovascular accident.

  2. Renal artery stenosis precipitates hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome and posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pranav eParikh

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hyponatremic hypertensive syndrome (HHS is an uncommon disorder usually encountered in the adult population with unilateral renal artery stenosis and is under-recognized in the pediatric population. Case Diagnosis/ Treatment: A 19-month-old male presented with new-onset status epilepticus associated with neurological sequelae, and hypertension to a high of 248/150 mmHg. Lab work revealed significant hyponatremia, elevated peripheral renin activity, and increase in aldosterone and ADH levels. A diagnosis of hyponatremic-hypertensive syndrome (HHS was made. Initial analysis revealed a high-grade proximal renal artery stenosis by MRI and angiogram. EEG and an MRI of the brain demonstrated characteristic abnormalities of the left temporal-parietal regions consistent with posterior reversible leukoencephalopathy syndrome (PRES. The patient responded to right renal artery balloon dilation and stent placement. Since intervention and close blood pressure control with Amlodipine, the patient has been free of seizures and is neurologically intact.Conclusions: We report a case of malignant hypertension in a 19 month old male secondary to renal artery stenosis with associated HHS and PRES. Prognosis of PRES in children with renal disease is excellent. Prompt intervention may offer near complete resolution of physiologic and symptomatic effects of HHS and PRES due to high-grade renal artery stenosis. This report was written with parental consent for de-identified case presentation and radiographs for the educational benefit of other medical professionals.

  3. Drug Eluting Stents for Symptomatic Intracranial and Vertebral Artery Stenosis

    OpenAIRE

    Fields, J.D.; Petersen, B.D.; Lutsep, H.L.; Nesbit, G.M.; K. C. Liu; Dogan, A; Lee, D S; Clark, W. M.; Barnwell, S L

    2011-01-01

    The use of bare metal stents (BMS) to prevent recurrent stroke due to stenosis of the cerebral vasculature is associated with high rates of restenosis. Drug-eluting stents (DES) may decrease this risk. We evaluated the performance of DES in a cohort of patients treated at our institution.

  4. Detection of transplant renal artery stenosis: determining normal velocities at the renal artery anastomosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Kristin A; Kriegshauser, J Scott; Dahiya, Nirvikar; Young, Scott W; Czaplicki, Christopher D; Patel, Maitray D

    2017-01-01

    Renal artery anastomosis peak systolic velocity (RAA PSV) exceeding 250 cm/s and a ratio of the renal artery to the adjacent external iliac artery (RAA:EIA) exceeding 1.8 historically suggest significant transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). However, the range of RAA PSV in transplants without TRAS has not been established. A retrospective review of renal transplants at a single institution over 5 years was performed identifying patients without graft dysfunction, failure, or refractory hypertension. RAA PSV obtained during interval postoperative sonograms was recorded. Of 1141 patients, 844 met the inclusion criteria. Mean RAA PSV for 377 patients evaluated within 2 days of transplant measured 195 cm/s; RAA PSV exceeded 250 cm/s in 97 patients (26%). Mean RAA PSV for 820 patients evaluated 1-month post-transplant measured 206 cm/s; RAA PSV exceeded 250 cm/s in 224 patients (27%). Mean RAA PSV for 785 patients evaluated 4-month post-transplant measured 203 cm/s; RAA PSV exceeded 250 cm/s in 201 patients (26%). Mean RAA PSV for 766 patients evaluated 1-year post-transplant measured 189 cm/s; RAA PSV exceeded 250 cm/s in 141 patients (18%). At each of the given time points, 24%-34% of normal patients had RAA-to-EIA ratios greater than 1.8. Approximately, 26% of patients without TRAS have RAA PSV > 250 cm/s in the first 9 months, and 18% do at 1 year. Similar findings also occurred with regards to the RAA-to-EIA ratio threshold of 1.8. In isolation, a PSV over 250 cm/s or 1.8 ratio threshold for suspicion of TRAS will lead to a large number of false-positive assessments.

  5. A comparison of Power Doppler with conventional sonographic imaging for the evaluation of renal artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Coppolino Frank

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Power Doppler (PD has improved diagnostic capabilities of vascular sonography, mainly because it is independent from the angle of insonation. We evaluated this technique in a prospective comparison with conventional imaging, consisting in Duplex and Color Doppler, for the evaluation of Renal Artery (RA stenosis. Methods Sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of PD and conventional imaging were assessed in a blinded fashion on eighteen patients, 9 with angiographic evidence of unilateral RA stenosis (hypertensive patients and 9 with angiographically normal arteries (control group. PD images were interpreted with an angiography-like criteria. Results In the control group both techniques allowed correct visualization of 16 out of the 18 normal arteries (93% specificity. Only in five hypertensive patients RA stenosis was correctly identified with conventional technique (56% sensitivity and 86% negative predictive value; PD was successful in all hypertensive patients (100% sensitivity and negative predictive value, since the operators could obtain in each case of RA stenosis a sharp color signal of the whole vessel with a clear "minus" at the point of narrowing of the lumen. All results were statistically significant (p Conclusions This study demonstrates that PD is superior to conventional imaging, in terms of sensitivity and specificity, for the diagnosis of RA stenosis, because it allows a clear visualization of the whole stenotic vascular lumen. Especially if it is used in concert with the other sonographic techniques, PD can enable a more accurate imaging of renovascular disease with results that seem comparable to selective angiography.

  6. Coupled oxygen transport analysis in the avascular wall of a coronary artery stenosis during angioplasty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Rupak K; Kwon, Ohwon; Vaidya, Vinayak S; Back, Lloyd H

    2008-01-01

    The coupled oxygen transport in the avascular wall of a coronary artery stenosis is studied numerically by solving the convection-diffusion equations. Two geometries replicating stenosis before and after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) are used for the analysis. The results are compared to evaluate the effect of the degree of stenosis on oxygen transport. Important physiological aspects, such as oxygen consumption in the wall, oxygen carried by the hemoglobin, non-Newtonian viscosity of the blood, and supply of oxygen from the vasa vasorum are included. The results show that the PO2 in the medial region of the arterial wall is approximately 10mmHg. The oxygen flux to the wall increases in the flow acceleration region, whereas it decreases at the flow reattachment zone. Near the location of flow separation, there is a small rise followed by a sharp fall in the oxygen flux. The drop in the oxygen flux to the wall at the point of flow reattachment for pre-PTCA stenosis is four times that for post-PTCA stenosis. The minimum PO2 in the avascular wall, PO2,min, at this location decreases to approximately 6.0 and 4.2mmHg for post- and pre-PTCA stenosis, respectively. The drop in PO2,w and PO2,min at the point of flow reattachment for pre-PTCA is approximately 2 times that for post-PTCA stenosis. Thus, the present study quantifies the oxygen transport to the arterial wall before and after cardiovascular intervention.

  7. Emergency Pancreatoduodenectomy with Preservation of Gastroduodenal Artery for Massive Gastrointestinal Bleeding due to Duodenal Metastasis by Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma in a Patient with Celiac Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kyriakos Neofytou

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Duodenal metastasis from renal cell carcinoma is rare, and even rarer is a massive gastrointestinal bleeding from such tumours. Coeliac occlusive disease, although rarely symptomatic, can lead to ischaemic changes with anastomotic dehiscence and leaks when a patient undergoes pancreatoduodenectomy. A 41-year-old man with known metastasis to the adrenal glands and the second part of the duodenum close to the ampulla of Vater from clear cell renal cell carcinoma was admitted to our department due to massive gastrointestinal bleeding from the duodenal metastasis. Endoscopic control of the bleed was not possible, while the bleeding vessel embolization was able to control the haemorrhage only temporarily. An angiography during the embolization demonstrated the presence of stenosis of the coeliac artery and also hypertrophic inferior pancreaticoduodenal arteries supplying the proper hepatic artery via the gastroduodenal artery (GDA. The patient underwent emergency pancreatoduodenectomy with preservation of the gastroduodenal artery. The patient had an uneventful recovery and did not experience further bleeding. Also the blood flow to the liver was compromised as shown by the normal liver function tests (LFTs postoperatively. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a preservation of the GDA during an emergency pancreatoduodenectomy.

  8. Overestimation of carotid artery stenosis with magnetic resonance angiography compared with digital subtraction angiography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nederkoorn, Paul J.; Elgersma, Otto E. H.; Mali, Willem P. Th M.; Eikelboom, Bert C.; Kappelle, L. Jaap; van der Graaf, Yolanda

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Three-dimensional time-of-flight (3D TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is generally considered to overestimate the degree of stenosis in the internal carotid artery (ICA) in comparison with the reference standard intraarterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA). We

  9. Ocular Image and Haemodynamic Features Associated with Different Gradings of Ipsilateral Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To analyse the changes of ocular haemodynamics and morphology in Chinese patients with internal carotid artery (ICA stenosis in the current study. Methods. A retrospective case-control study was conducted with 219 patients. The haemodynamic characteristics, the calibre of retinal vessels, and the subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFChT were compared. We analysed the correlations with the degree of ipsilateral ICA stenosis. Results. There were no significant differences among the groups in the central retinal artery equivalent (CRAE, central retinal vein equivalent (CRVE, and AVR (p=0.073, p=0.188, and p=0.738, resp.. The peak systolic velocity (PSV and end diastolic velocity (EDV in the central retinal artery (CRA and the posterior ciliary artery (PCA were significantly lower than normal eyes (p<0.001. The outer retinal layer thickness and SFChT values of the ICA stenosis groups were significantly lower than normal eyes (p=0.030 and p<0.001, resp.. Conclusion. The PSV and EDV in CRA and PCA and the SFChT and outer retinal layer thickness of ICA eyes were significantly lower than normal eyes. ICA stenosis may impact choroidal haemodynamics, and decreased choroidal circulation might affect the discordance of the SFChT and the outer retinal layer thickness.

  10. Prevalence of asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis according to age and sex systematic review and metaregression analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Weerd, M.; Greving, J.P.; de Jong, A.W.F.; Buskens, E.; Bots, M.L.

    Background and Purpose-In the discussion on the value of population-wide screening for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS), reliable prevalence estimates are crucial. We set out to provide reliable age- and sex-specific prevalence estimates of ACAS through a systematic literature review and

  11. Accuracy of colour duplex sonography for the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Saeed, Aso; Bergström, Göran; Zachrisson, Karin

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine the diagnostic value of novel velocimetric colour duplex sonography indices in the screening of renal artery stenosis (RAS). METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of all consecutively studied patients at our centre with suspected RAS, and a colour duplex sonography...

  12. Application of artificial palpation in vascular surgeries for detection of peripheral arterial stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abouei Mehrizi, A; Moini, M; Afshari, E; Kadkhodapour, J; Sadjadian, A; Najarian, S

    2014-05-01

    Palpation is one of the applied methods that surgeons usually use during surgery in order to verify the health condition of a tissue/organ. In fact, most of surgical assessments are based on analysis of the force feedback received from tissue/organ via palpation. Although palpation has a key role in efficient progress of surgery operations, it depends very much on the experience and skill of the surgeons. This limits the application of this technique in some cases to a large extent. In this regard, an artificial tactile sensing approach is an innovative technology that tries to make tactile data more available for surgeons, especially in situations where doing the palpation is not possible or is too difficult. In this paper, having considered the present problems of artery bypass surgery in peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD), applicability of a new tactile sensory system capable of detecting arterial stenosis during surgery was evaluated. Presenting the modelling and numerical solution of the problem, it was demonstrated that the artificial tactile sensing approach is not only capable of detecting the presence of an arterial stenosis in an artery, but also its type. Furthermore, it was shown that the new tactile sensory system (previously designed, fabricated and tested in laboratory) is efficiently capable of detecting the simulated artery in the simulated biological tissue as well as diagnosis of the stenosis occurred inside it.

  13. [Prevalence of renal artery stenosis in patients with critical limb ischemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteban, Carlos; Presas, Ana; Ara, Jordi; Pérez, Paulina; Martorell, Alberto; Lisbona, Carlos; Lerma, Rosa; Romero, Ramón; Callejas, José María

    2007-04-21

    Our purpose was to evaluate the prevalence of renal artery stenosis in patients with critical limb ischemia and to study any clinical or laboratory indicator that could predict this association. One hundred consecutive patients with critical limb ischemia evaluated by angiogram were included in the study from January to July 2003. Cardiovascular risk factors and renal function were analyzed. One hundred angiographic studies have been analyzed. Thirty nine (39%) of our patients had some type of pathology of the renal artery but the rest, 61 (61%), had normal and healthy renal arteries. In 5 patients, a bilateral renal pathology was found. Severe disease (> 60% stenosis, bilateral or renal occlusion) was present in 15 cases including 6 occlusions. Once we compared the patients with healthy renal arteries with the patients with different degrees of stenosis, we did not appreciate significant differences in hypertension, diabetes, coronary disease or smoking habit, nor with laboratory data such as creatinine, urea, c-reactive protein, total cholesterol or atherogenic index. No differences were found either comparing patients with normal renal artery with patients with bilateral pathology or with unilateral occlusion. There is a high prevalence of renal artery pathology in patients with critical limb ischemia although we have not found any clinical or laboratory factors useful to identify them.

  14. Case report of hepatic artery dissection secondary to hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after living donor liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Lin; Chen, Kefei; Lu, Qiang; Ling, Wenwu; Luo, Yan

    2016-04-01

    Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm (HAP) and Hepatic artery dissection are rare vascular complications after living donor liver transplantation (LDLT), which may lead to graft loss and death of the recipients. Conventional gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound, as well as contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), play important roles in identifying vascular complications in the early postoperative period and during follow-up. We report a case of hepatic artery dissection secondary to HAP after LDLT, which was diagnosed and followed for one year by ultrasound. To the best of our knowledge, few studies have reported similar cases after liver transplantation in the English literature. A 43-year-old man underwent right-lobe LDLT for treatment of a severe acute hepatitis B infection and was followed up with ultrasound examinations for one year. Conventional gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound combined with contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) accurately revealed the occurrence of HA dissection secondary to HAP and accompanied by thrombosis and collateral circulation, as well as secondary biliary complications, which provided a prompt diagnosis and guidance for the treatment. Our case suggests that ultrasound can help detect hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm and dissection, as well as secondary biliary lesions after LDLT in an accurate and timely manner and provide useful information for the treatment chosen. CEUS shows potential as an important complementary technique to gray-scale and Doppler ultrasound.

  15. Cerebral Lesions in Patients Undergoing Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting in Relation to Asymptomatic Carotid and Vertebral Artery Stenosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiberg, Sebastian; Schoos, Mikkel; Sillesen, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: Carotid artery stenosis (CAS) and vertebral artery stenosis (VAS) are associated with cerebral infarction after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). It remains unclear whether this association is causal. We investigated the associations between neurologically asymptomatic CAS...... and VAS and the occurrence of subclinical cerebral lesions after CABG verified by magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: CABG patients were included and CAS and VAS were identified by magnetic resonance angiography. Cerebral magnetic resonance imaging was performed to identify new post-operative subclinical...... cerebral lesions. The associations between CAS/VAS post-operative cerebral lesions were investigated. RESULTS: Forty-six patients were included in the study. 13% had significant CAS and 11% had significant VAS. Thirty-five percent had new cerebral infarction postoperatively. We found a significant...

  16. Epicardial and Pericardial Fat Volume Correlate with the Severity of Coronary Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aslanabadi Naser

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Epicardial fat volume (EFV has been reported to correlate with the severity of coronary artery disease (CAD. Pericardial fat volume (PFV has recently been reported to be strongly associated with CAD severity and presence. We aimed to investigate the relationship between EFV and PFV with severity of coronary artery stenosis in patients undergoing 64-slice multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT. Methods: One hundred and fifty one patients undergoing MSCT for suspected CAD were enrolled. Non-enhanced images were acquired to assess calcium score. Contrast enhanced images were used to quantify EFV, PFV and severity of luminal stenosis. Results: Coronary artery stenosis was mild in 25 cases (16.6%, moderate in 58 cases (38.4% and severe in 68 cases (45%. With increase in severity of coronary artery stenosis, there was significant increase in PFV, EFV as well as epicardial fat thickness in right ventricle free wall in basal view and epicardial fat thickness in left ventricle posterior wall in mid and apical view. There was significant linear correlation between PFV with coronary calcification score (r=0.18, P=0.02, between coronary artery stenosis severity and PFV (r=0.75, P<0.001, EFV (r=0.79, P<0.001, apical epicardial fat thickness in right ventricle free wall (r=0.29, P<0.001, Mid (r=0.28, P<0.001 and basal (r=0.23, P=0.004 epicardial fat thickness in left ventricle posterior wall. Conclusion: PFV, EFV and regional epicardial thickness are correlated with severity of CAD and could be used as a reliable marker in predicting CAD severity.

  17. Comparison of 3D magnetic resonance imaging and digital subtraction angiography for intracranial artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Ji Eun; Jung, Seung Chai; Kim, Ho Sung; Choi, Choong-Gon; Kim, Sang Joon; Lee, Deok Hee [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Hun; Kwon, Sun U.; Kang, Dong-Wha; Kim, Jong S. [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Ulsan (Korea, Republic of); Jeon, Ji Young [Gachon University, Department of Radiology, Gil Medical Center, Incheon (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Ji Ye [Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Department of Radiology, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Seon-Ok [University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Asan Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-11-15

    To compare three-dimensional high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging (3D HR-MRI) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) for diagnosing and evaluating stenosis in the entire circle of Willis. The study included 516 intracranial arteries from 43 patients with intracranial artery stenosis (ICAS) who underwent both 3D HR-MRI and DSA within 1 month. Two readers independently diagnosed atherosclerosis, dissection, moyamoya disease and vasculitis, rated their diagnostic confidence for each vessel and measured the luminal diameters. Reference standard was made from clinico-radiologic diagnosis. Diagnostic accuracy, diagnostic confidence, the degree of stenosis and luminal diameter were assessed and compared between both modalities. For atherosclerosis, 3D HR-MRI showed better diagnostic accuracy (P =.03-.003), sensitivity (P =.006-.01) and positive predictive value (P ≤.001-.006) compared to DSA. Overall, the readers were more confident of their diagnosis of ICAS when using 3D HR-MRI (reader 1, P ≤.001-.007; reader 2, P ≤.001-.015). 3D HR-MRI showed similar degree of stenosis (P >.05) and higher luminal diameter (P <.05) compared to DSA. 3D HR-MRI might be useful to evaluate atherosclerosis, with better diagnostic confidence and comparable stenosis measurement compared to DSA in the entire circle of Willis. (orig.)

  18. Pathological Predictors of Shunt Stenosis and Hepatic Encephalopathy after Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuliang He

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS is an artificial channel from the portal vein to the hepatic vein or vena cava for controlling portal vein hypertension. The major drawbacks of TIPS are shunt stenosis and hepatic encephalopathy (HE; previous studies showed that post-TIPS shunt stenosis and HE might be correlated with the pathological features of the liver tissues. Therefore, we analyzed the pathological predictors for clinical outcome, to determine the risk factors for shunt stenosis and HE after TIPS. Methods. We recruited 361 patients who suffered from portal hypertension symptoms and were treated with TIPS from January 2009 to December 2012. Results. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of shunt stenosis was increased with more severe inflammation in the liver tissue (OR, 2.864; 95% CI: 1.466–5.592; P=0.002, HE comorbidity (OR, 6.266; 95% CI, 3.141–12.501; P<0.001, or higher MELD score (95% CI, 1.298–1.731; P<0.001. Higher risk of HE was associated with shunt stenosis comorbidity (OR, 6.266; 95% CI, 3.141–12.501; P<0.001, higher stage of the liver fibrosis (OR, 2.431; 95% CI, 1.355–4.359; P=0.003, and higher MELD score (95% CI, 1.711–2.406; P<0.001. Conclusion. The pathological features can predict individual susceptibility to shunt stenosis and HE.

  19. Systematic review and meta-analysis of posttransplant hepatic artery and biliary complications in patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization before liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sneiders, Dimitri; Houwen, Thymen; Pengel, Liset H M; Polak, Wojciech G; Dor, Frank J M F; Hartog, Hermien

    2017-09-06

    Hepatic artery complications are feared complications after liver transplantation and may compromise the biliary tract, graft and patient survival. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to compare risk of hepatic artery and biliary complications after liver transplantation in patients who underwent neoadjuvant transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) vs. no TACE. Comprehensive searches were performed in Embase, MEDLINE OvidSP, Web of Science, Google Scholar and Cochrane databases to identify studies concerning hepatocellular cancer patients undergoing preliver transplantation TACE. Quality assessment of studies was done by the validated checklist of Downs and Black. Meta-analyses were performed to evaluate the incidence of all hepatic artery complications, hepatic artery thrombosis and biliary tract complications, using binary random-effect models. Prospero registration: CRD42016025734. Fourteen retrospective studies, representing 1122 TACE patients, met the inclusion criteria. Postoperative hepatic artery complications consisted of hepatic artery thrombosis, stenosis and (pseudo)-aneurysms. Preliver transplantation TACE was significantly associated with occurrence of posttransplant hepatic artery complications (OR: 1.57, 95%CI 1.09-2.26, p 0.02). No significant association between neoadjuvant TACE and hepatic artery thrombosis alone or biliary tract complications was found. Patients treated with transarterial chemoembolization before liver transplantation may be at increased risk for development of hepatic artery complications after liver transplantation.

  20. Renal artery stenosis after radiotherapy for Ewing's sarcoma; Radiotherapieinduzierte Nierenarterienstenose nach Behandlung eines Ewing-Sarkoms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tacconi, S.; Bieri, S. [Abt. fuer Radioonkologie, Centre Hospitalier du Centre du Valais (CHCVs), Hopital de Sion (Switzerland)

    2008-09-15

    Background: the fact that therapeutic irradiation can induce significant stenosis in the arteries of the head, neck, and chest, as welt as in the aorta and the iliac arteries, is familiar in daily practice and well documented in the literature. By contrast, radiation-induced renal artery stenosis seems to be a less widely known complication. Patients and methods: the sudden onset of medically refractory arterial hypertension and coma in a 27-year-old man is reported, who had been treated at age 20 with chemotherapy and radiotherapy for Ewing's sarcoma in the lumbar region. This treatment had been performed at the hospital of Sion, Switzerland in 2001. Also, the relevant literature from 1965 to 2007 is reviewed to underscore various aspects of this problem and to demonstrate the clinical relevance of renal artery stenosis as a potential long-term sequela of radiotherapy. Conclusion: radiation-induced renal artery stenosis has only rarely been described in the literature, but arterial hypertension due to radiation-induced renal artery stenosis is a serious long-term sequela that can appear at a latency of up to 20 years after treatment. The paucity of reports presumably reflects the lesser frequency of radiotherapy for retroperitoneal tumors as compared to head-and-neck cancers, as well as lower awareness of the problem due to diagnostic bias in the era before CT and MRI were in routine use: at that time, carotid artery stenosis was easy to diagnose by ultrasonography, while radiation-induced renal artery stenosis, whose real incidence may well be higher, probably often went undetected. Thus, when a patient with a history of abdominal or retroperitoneal radiotherapy unexpectedly develops intractable hypertension, radiation-induced renal artery stenosis must be included in the differential diagnosis. (orig.)

  1. Renal artery stenosis: An unusual etiology of hypertensive encephalopathy in a child with fanconi anemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radheshyam Purkait

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A 9-year-old girl, diagnosed case of Fanconi anemia, presented with generalized convulsion with altered sensorium. She had fever, severe pallor, sinus tachycardia, blood pressure of 180/120 mmHg in both upper and lower limb, pan-systolic murmur of grade 2/6, abdominal bruit and bilateral papilledema. A provisional diagnosis of hypertensive encephalopathy was made and managed with continuous labetalol infusion. Detailed evaluation including magnetic resonance angiography of renal artery detected underlying atrophic and non-functioning right kidney secondary to severe renal artery stenosis on the same side. She was started with multiple antihypertensives, but her blood pressure was maintained poorly. Later on, she underwent rightsided nephrectomy. Following surgery, she was doing well and maintaining normal blood pressure without any antihypertensives. Our child is the second reported case of Fanconi anemia associated with renal artery stenosis presenting with hypertensive encephalopathy.

  2. Prevalence of renal artery stenosis in subjects with moderate hypertension. A population-based study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ulrik B; Borglykke, Anders; Jørgensen, Torben

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Aim. To examine the prevalence of significant renal artery stenosis (RAS) in subjects with moderate to severe hypertension. Materials and methods. Subjects aged 50-66 years with blood pressure >160/100 mmHg or receiving antihypertensive treatment were selected from the population study...... to balloon angioplasty. Two patients had reduced size and function of the affected kidney. Among the non-invasively treated patients, one showed stenosis progression at the 2-year follow-up examination. Conclusion. In subjects aged 50-66 years with hypertension grade II-III, RAS is rare among men...

  3. Origin of left accessory hepatic artery from the left gastric artery in a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report a case of accessory hepatic artery that arose from the left gastric artery, entered the liver at an independent site from the porta hepatis to supply the left lobe of the liver. Transplantation of such livers with multi vascular pedicles may pose a challenge during anastomosis of these accessory hepatic arteries of the ...

  4. A novel method of artery stenosis diagnosis using transfer function and support vector machine based on transmission line model: A numerical simulation and validation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Hanguang; Avolio, Alberto; Huang, Decai

    2016-06-01

    Transfer function (TF) is an important parameter for the analysis and understanding of hemodynamics when arterial stenosis exists in human arterial tree. Aimed to validate the feasibility of using TF to diagnose arterial stenosis, the forward problem and inverse problem were simulated and discussed. A calculation method of TF between ascending aorta and any other artery was proposed based on a 55 segment transmission line model (TLM) of human artery tree. The effects of artery stenosis on TF were studied in two aspects: stenosis degree and position. The degree of arterial stenosis was specified to be 10-90% in three representative arteries: carotid, aorta and iliac artery, respectively. In order to validate the feasibility of diagnosis of artery stenosis using TF and support vector machine (SVM), a database of TF was established to simulate the real conditions of artery stenosis based on the TLM model. And a diagnosis model of artery stenosis was built by using SVM and the database. The simulating results showed the modulus and phase of TF were decreasing sharply from frequency 2 to 10Hz with the stenosis degree increasing and displayed their unique and nonlinear characteristics when frequency is higher than 10Hz. The diagnosis results showed the average accuracy was above 76% for the stenosis from 10% to 90% degree, and the diagnosis accuracies of moderate (50%) and serious (90%) stenosis were 87% and 99%, respectively. When the stenosis degree increased to 90%, the accuracy of stenosis localization reached up to 94% for most of arteries. The proposed method of combining TF and SVM is a theoretically feasible method for diagnosis of artery stenosis. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Simulation of Blood Flow Coronary Artery with Consecutive Stenosis and Coronary-Coronary Bypass

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    Omid Arjmandi-Tash

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In this research the behavior of coronary arteries has been studied with symmetric and asymmetric consecutive stenosis, and grafted vessels. Methods: The incompressible Navier-Stokes and energy equations were discretized with second-order upwind method. Assumptions such as Newtonian fluid, wall rigidity and steady-flow were used. Results: All the calculations showed the same results with Newtonians and non-Newtonian fluids. It was found that the possibility of stenosis be reduced by increasing the graft angle. However, there exists further stenosis possibility. Among the three graft angles 20, 30 ̊ and 40, the 30 ̊ was found to be the reliable ones. Conclusion: Based on these findings, it can be deduced that there would be a high risk of further atherosclerosis when the first stenose has the maximum percentage.

  6. Dynamical behaviour of non newtonian spiral blood flow through arterial stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Mohammad; Mahmudul Hasan, Md.; Alam Maruf, Mahbub

    2017-04-01

    The spiral component of blood flow has both beneficial and detrimental effects in human circulatory system. A numerical investigation is carried out to analyze the effects of spiral blood flow through an axisymmetric three dimensional artery having 75% stenosis at the center. Blood is assumed as a non-Newtonian fluid. Standard k-ω model is used for the simulation with the Reynolds number of 1000. A parabolic velocity profile with spiral flow is used as inlet boundary condition. The peak values of all velocity components are found just after stenosis. But total pressure gradually decreases at downstream. Spiral flow of blood has significant effects on tangential component of velocity. However, the effect is mild for radial and axial velocity components. The peak value of wall shear stress is at the stenosis zone and decreases rapidly in downstream. The effect of spiral flow is significant for turbulent kinetic energy. Detailed investigation and relevant pathological issues are delineated throughout the paper.

  7. Arterial hypertension and aortic valve stenosis: Shedding light on a common “liaison”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charalampos I. Liakos, MD, PhD

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Arterial hypertension and aortic valve stenosis are common disorders and frequently present as concomitant diseases, especially in elderly patients. The impact of hypertension on heart haemodynamics is substantial, thus affecting the clinical presentation of any coexisting valvulopathy, especially of aortic stenosis. However, the interaction between these 2 entities is not thoroughly discussed in the European or/and American guidelines on the management of hypertension or/and valvular heart disease. The present review summarizes all available evidence on the potential interplay between hypertension and aortic valve stenosis, aiming to help physicians understand the pathophysiology and select the best diagnostic and therapeutic strategies (medical or/and interventional for better management of these high-risk patients, taking into account the impact on outcome as well as the risk-benefit-ratio.

  8. Systolic Pressure in Different Percents of Stenosis at Major Arteries

    CERN Document Server

    Mirzaee, Mohammad Reza; Firoozabadi, Bahar; Dandaneband, Meitham

    2016-01-01

    - Modeling Human cardiovascular system is always an important issue. One of the most effective methods is using lumped model to reach to a complete model of human cardiovascular system. Such modeling with advanced considerations is used in this paper. Some of these considerations are as follow: Exact simulating of ventricles as pressure suppliers, peristaltic motion of descending arteries as additional suppliers, and dividing each vessel into more than one compartment to reach more accurate answers. Finally a circuit with more than 150 RLC segments and different elements is made. Then the verification of our complex circuit is done and at the end, obstruction as an important abnormality is investigated. For this aim different percents of obstruction in vital arteries are considered and the results are brought as different graphs at the end. According to physiological texts the citation of our simulation and its results are obvious. To earn productive information about arteries characteristics a 36-vessels mod...

  9. Correlation between US-PSV and MDCTA in the quantification of carotid artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saba, Luca; Sanfilippo, Roberto; Montisci, Roberto; Mallarini, Giorgio

    2010-04-01

    Stroke is a major cause of death and serious long-lasting neurological disability and the severity of carotid artery stenosis is one of the most important determinants of cerebrovascular events. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the correlation between multi-detector-row CT angiography (MDCTA) and ultra-sound peak-systolic-velocity (US-PSV) in the quantification of carotid artery stenosis. 52 patients were retrospectively studied by using four-detector row CT and ultra-sound. Each patient was assessed for stenosis degree by using NASCET method when studied by using MDCT and by using PSV when studied by using US. Statistic analysis was performed to determine the entity of correlation (method of Pearson) between MDCTA and US-PSV. The Bland-Altman analysis was applied to assess the level of inter-technique agreement. Sonographic PSV measurements ranged from 70 to 589cm/s. Distal ICA velocities ranged from 29 to 238cm/s. Linear regression analysis showed a good correlation (r(2)=0.613) between MDCTA-NASCET linear percentage stenosis and PSV and measured. PSV value that corresponded to a NASCET linear percentage stenosis of 70% was 283cm/s and with this values sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 75%, 88.6%, 90.7% and 70.5%, respectively. Results of our study suggest that NASCET stenosis measured in MDCTA and PSV values have a good correlation. The use of a threshold of 283cm/s allows obtaining good value of sensitivity and specificity. Copyright (c) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Correlation of Color Doppler with Multidetector CT Angiography Findings in Carotid Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Živorad N. Savic

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to examine the correlation between the Color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US and multidetector CT angiography (MDCTA diagnostic methods, and to define the degree and extent of stenosis in patients with internal carotid artery stenosis. This was a cross-sectional study with a consecutive series of patients. All US examinations were always carried out by the same physician-angiologist, while all CT examinations were always carried out by the same physician-radiologist. Both worked independently from each other. The stenosis area was measured at the narrowest point by NASCET criteria for US/CT. Peak systolic velocity (PSV over 210 cm/sec and end diastolic velocity (EDV over 110 cm/sec criteria were applied for stenoses with lumen narrowed over 70%, while PSV under 130 cm/sec and EDV under 100 cm/sec criteria were applied for those with lumen narrowed under 70%. A total of 124 carotid arteries were observed; namely, 89 narrowed and 68 surgically treated. All patients were reviewed by US and then by MDCTA; patients with 70–99% stenosis underwent surgery. The correlation coefficient between stenosis degree measured by US and MDCTA was 0.922; p 0.05. The US and CT matching level for stenoses from 70 to 99% was very high (κ = 0.778, p < 0.01. In conclusion, there is a highly significant statistical correlation among both diagnostic methods when measuring stenosis degree and extent. US is more dependent on the physician, while MDCTA is more objective and independent from the physician. We think it would be appropriate to undertake an MDCTA exam for those patients who are candidates for carotid endarterectomy.

  11. Low-flow aortic stenosis in asymptomatic patients: valvular-arterial impedance and systolic function from the SEAS Substudy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cramariuc, Dana; Cioffi, Giovanni; Rieck, Ashild E

    2009-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: This study sought to assess the impact of valvuloarterial impedance on left ventricular (LV) myocardial systolic function in asymptomatic aortic valve stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND: In atherosclerotic AS, LV global load consists of combined valvular and arterial resistance to LV ejection....... preserved. (An Investigational Drug on Clinical Outcomes in Patients With Aortic Stenosis [Narrowing of the Major Blood Vessel of the Heart]; NCT00092677)....

  12. Value of Doppler ultrasound for the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brun, P; Kchouk, H; Mouchet, B; Baudouin, V; Raynaud, A; Loirat, C; Azancot-Benisty, A

    1997-02-01

    To evaluate the reliability of Doppler ultrasonography (US) in identifying children with renal artery stenosis (RAS) among those with hypertension, we compared Doppler US results in 22 hypertensive children (mean age 8.9 +/- 4.3 years), with (13 cases) and without RAS at angiography, and in 33 normotensive children (mean age 8.8 +/- 4.7 years). We observed 2 false-negatives and 2 false-positives with Doppler US. Of the 2 false-negative diagnoses, I had RAS on an accessory renal artery located behind a normal upper polar artery and the other was observed in a patient with bilateral multiple stenosis of the very distal segments of renal arteries. The 2 false-positive diagnoses were due to sinuous left renal artery and to technical reasons, respectively. In another patient, Doppler US showed a tight RAS, while arteriography was normal. RAS was subsequently confirmed by a second arteriography. Peak systolic velocity values of Doppler US were significantly higher in patients with proven angiographic RAS (3.44 +/- 0.66 m/s) than in hypertensive patients with normal renal arteries at angiography (0.99 +/- 0.35 m/s, P < 0.0001) and normotensive healthy children (1.04 +/- 0.23 m/s, P < 0.0001). With the use of multiple views, and the experience acquired with practice, false-negatives or false-positives due to the geometry of the renal artery can be avoided. Nevertheless, very distal stenosis can be missed by Doppler US.

  13. Changes in Flow-Mediated Dilatation, Cytokines and Carotid Arterial Stenosis During Aggressive Atorvastatin Treatment in Normocholesterolemic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hung-Yi Hsu

    2005-02-01

    Conclusion: Atorvastatin effectively reduced plasma concentrations of total cholesterol and LDL-cholesterol, and had beneficial effects on endothelial function, in Chinese patients with carotid arterial stenosis and normal LDL-cholesterol levels.

  14. A reversible bilateral renal artery stenosis in association with antiphospholipid syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Remondino, G I; Mysler, E; Pissano, M N; Furattini, M C; Basta, M C; Presas, J L; Allievi, A

    2000-01-01

    We describe a 26-year-old white female with a history of Raynaud phenomenon, erythema nodosum, polyarthralgias, migraine, vertigo, seizures, transient ischemic attacks, one fetal loss, and false positive VDRL, who developed milk hypertension without overt lupus nephritis. She had positive antinuclear antibodies (ANA) and double-stranded deoxyribonucleic acid (dsDNA) antibodies. The lupus anticoagulant test (LAC) and cardiolipins antibodies (aCL) were positive. She was diagnosed as having a Systemic Lupus Erythematosus-like illness (SLE-like) with 'secondary' antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Renal spiral computed tomography (CT) with intravenous (IV) contrast showed bilateral renal artery stenosis. Anticoagulation with acenocumarol was started. She became normotensive without antihypertensive drugs five months later. A follow-up renal spiral CT showed complete recanalization of both renal arteries, making thrombosis the more likely culprit pathology in the stenosis. After two years follow up the patient is normotensive. She remains on acenocumarol.

  15. Prognostic Value of Gai's Plaque Score and Agatston Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Functionally Significant Coronary Artery Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Chuang; Yang, Shuang; Gai, Lu-Yue; Han, Zhi-Qi; Xin, Qian; Yang, Xiao-Bo; Yang, Jun-Jie; Jin, Qin-Hua

    2016-12-05

    The prognostic values of the coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) score for predicting future cardiovascular events have been previously demonstrated in numerous studies. However, few studies have used the rich information available from CCTA to detect functionally significant coronary lesions. We sought to compare the prognostic values of Gai's plaque score and the coronary artery calcium score (CACS) of CCTA for predicting functionally significant coronary lesions, using fractional flow reserve (FFR) as the gold standard. We retrospectively analyzed 107 visually assessed significant coronary lesions in 88 patients (mean age, 59.6 ± 10.2 years; 76.14% of males) who underwent CCTA, invasive coronary angiography, and invasive FFR measurement. An FFR significant coronary stenosis. Lesions were divided into two groups using an FFR cutoff value of 0.80. We compared Gai's plaque scores and CACS between the two groups and evaluated the correlations of these scores with FFR. The statistical methods included unpaired t-test, Mann-Whitney U-test, and Spearman's correlation coefficients. Coronary lesions with FFR Gai's scores than those with FFR ≥0.80. Gai's score had the strongest correlation with FFR (r = -0.48, P arteries and a single artery. Both CACS in a single artery and Gai's plaque score demonstrated a good capacity to assess functionally significant coronary artery stenosis when compared to the gold standard FFR. However, Gai's plaque score was more predictive of FFR Gai's score can be easily calculated in daily clinical practice and could be used when considering revascularization.

  16. Role of 320-slice multislice computed tomography coronary angiography in the assessment of coronary artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Ahmed Youssef

    2014-06-01

    Conclusion: In conclusion, MSCT coronary angiography is a very helpful and rapid non-invasive coronary imaging modality that was able to detect and grade coronary artery stenosis better than other noninvasive examinations used to detect CAD, such as exercise stress testing. Due to its very high negative predictive value, it may eliminate the need for invasive coronary procedures in the presence of normal coronary imaging.

  17. Association of lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 mass with asymptomatic cerebral artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Youxin; Zhou, Bin; Zhou, Pingan; Yao, Yan; Cui, Qinghua; Liu, Yingping; Yang, Jichun; Wu, Shouling; Zhao, Xingquan; Zhou, Yong

    2018-02-09

    Cerebral artery stenosis (CAS) is the most important causes of ischaemic stroke. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) plays 2 diverse roles in atherosclerosis (pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory), and the association between Lp-PLA2 mass and cardiovascular or cerebrovascular events is inconsistent among previous studies. A cross-sectional study including 2012 North Chinese adults aged ≥40 years was performed in 2010-2011 to investigate whether Lp-PLA2 mass is associated with asymptomatic cerebral artery stenosis (ACAS). Serum Lp-PLA2 mass was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). All participants underwent transcranial Doppler (TCD) and bilateral carotid duplex ultrasound to evaluate intracranial artery stenosis (ICAS) and extracranial arterial stenosis (ECAS). The median serum Lp-PLA2 mass of the participants was 140.74 ng/mL (interquartile range: 131.79-158.07 ng/mL). The adjusted odds ratio (OR) when comparing the 4th quartile to the 1st quartile of Lp-PLA2 was 1.98 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.42-2.78), 1.79 (95% CI: 1.08-2.94) and 1.87 (95% CI: 1.28-2.73) for the occurrence of ACAS, asymptomatic ECAS and asymptomatic ICAS, respectively, after controlling for vascular risk factors. These independently significant associations remained statistically significant in the male or elderly subgroups, but not in females or middle-aged participants. Lp-PLA2 mass is positively correlated with subclinical atherosclerosis determined by ACAS, ICAS and ECAS in North Chinese, particularly in male and older participants, suggesting that serum Lp-PLA2 mass might be potential biomarker for the detection of ACAS in the adults. © 2018 The Authors. Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd and Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine.

  18. Surgical Treatment of Anomalous Origin of Right Coronary Artery in a Patient with Mitral Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Refatllari, Ali; Likaj, Ermal; Dumani, Selman; Hasimi, Endri; Goda, Artan

    2016-03-15

    An anomalous origin of the right coronary artery is rarely observed, with a reported incidence between 0.026% and 0.25%. This condition is often completely asymptomatic and is found incidentally during angiographic evaluation for other cardiac diseases. However some patients present with exertion angina or sudden death. Surgical treatment in patients with anomalous RCA is still controversial. Treatment can be conservative, angioplasty or surgery. A 59-year-old man was admitted with severe mitral stenosis. He complained exertion and rest dyspnea, NYHA III class. He had sequels of embolic stroke, results of left atrial thrombus. Echocardiography showed calcified severe mitral stenosis with mitral orifice area of 1.1 square centimeters with PSPAP 60 mmHg and normal LV function. Routine coronary angiography before surgery showed aberrant origin of RCA from the left sinus of Valsalva with 90% stenosis at his origin. Multi-slice computed tomography proved the diagnosis of anomalous RCA arising from the left sinus of Valsalva and taking an inter-arterial course between the aorta and pulmonary artery. The patient underwent mitral valve replacement with mechanical St. Jude prosthesis No 29 and saphenous vein graft to RCA. We chose by-pass grafting techniques because after aortotomy, RCA was too close to LMCA, intramural course was too short and stenosis of RCA was outside of aortic wall. The patient's perioperative course was without complications and patient was discharged on the seventh postoperative day. Correction of anomalous of the origin of right coronary artery is mandatory in cases where patient has to be operated for other cardiac causes.

  19. Surgical techniques and curative effect of carotid endarterectomy for carotid artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min HAN

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the surgical techniques of carotid endarterectomy (CEA for treating carotid artery stenosis, in order to improve the surgical efficacy and reduce intraoperative adverse events and complications after operation. Methods Retrospective analysis was carried out on surgical data of 53 cases who were performed CEA from October 2010 to October 2013 in Department of Neurosurgery in Tianjin Huanhu Hospital. There were 39 males and 14 females, aged from 40 to 78 years old and mean age (60.34 ± 8.92 years old; the course of disease was from 2 d to 4 years. Twenty-six cases were diagnosed as right carotid stenosis, 15 cases left carotid stenosis and 12 cases double-sided carotid stenosis. Among all of those cases, 35 cases were diagnosed as moderate stenosis (30%-69%, 16 cases severe stenosis (70%-99% , and 2 cases complete occlusion. Results Among 53 patients, 50 patients underwent CEA; 2 cases underwent CEA and aneurysm clipping; one case underwent stent removal surgery and CEA because restenosis was found after carotid artery stenting (CAS. Postoperative neck CTA and fMRI showed good morphology of carotid artery, fluent blood flow and improved cerebral perfusion after operation. All of those patients were followed up for 3 to 24 months. One case died of myocardial infarction; 2 cases appeared skin numbness on the operating side of the neck, and the symptom disappeared 3 months later; one case appeared hoarseness after operation; 3 cases experienced mild transient ischemic attack (TIA and the symptom disappeared 2 months later. No case of stroke was found. Conclusions CEA is a safe and effective surgical approach to treat carotid stenosis. Correct and reasonable choices of the surgical indications and skilled surgical technique are the key to ensure the success of operation and to improve efficacy of the therapy. doi:10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2014.02.006Video: http://www.cjcnn.org/index.php/cjcnn/pages/view/v14n2a6

  20. Fibromuscular dysplasia in an adult male as a cause of renal artery stenosis and secondary hypertension treated with renal artery stenting

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    K.C. Bishal

    2017-03-01

    Conclusion: Fibromuscular dysplasia causing stenosis of renal artery is uncommon. High degree of suspicion is required for the timely diagnosis and treatment of this potentially treatable cause of secondary hypertension.

  1. Renal artery stenosis in patients with coronary artery disease: the prevalence and risk factors, an angiographic study

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    Edalati fard M

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: The relationship between Coronary Artery Disease (CAD and the prevalence of Renal Artery Stenosis (RAS has been demonstrated. Despite high incidence of heart diseases and high frequency of CAD risk factors among Iranian population, this relation has not been clearly determined. This study estimated the prevalence of RAS and its determinants in Iranian angiographic candidates. We also tried to find which risk factors of atherosclerosis are associated more frequently with renal artery stenosis."n "nMethods: In a cross-sectional study that was performed at the Tehran Heart Center, in Tehran, Iran, 146 patients who were candidate for angiography with suspected CAD were consecutively included. Selective renal angiography was performed following coronary angiography in all patients with established coronary artery stenosis and the presence and severity of RAS was evaluated."n "nResults: Prevalence of RAS in study patients was 25.3% (men, 13.7% and women 47.1%, (p<0.001. We found that only 6.2% of the patients had bilateral R.A.S. Also, RAS≥50% was found in 17.1% of patients. Regarding number of defected coronary vessels, two- and three-vessel diseases were found in 30.0% and 39.0% of participants, respectively. No significant relationship was found between the number of involved coronaries and the severity as well as side of RAS (p=0.716 Significant multivariate predictors of RAS were female gender (p=0.001, advanced age, (p=0.046 duration of hypertension (p=0.032 and baseline serum creatinine concentration (p=0.018. "n "nConclusions: Routine angiographic assessment of renal arteries following coronary angiography is recommended especially in women as well as those with long-term duration of hypertension or renal dysfunction.

  2. Internal iliac artery stenosis: diagnosis and how to manage it in 2015

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    Guillaume Christian Mahé

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Lower extremity arterial disease (LEAD is a highly prevalent disease affecting 202 million people worldwide. Internal iliac artery stenosis (IIAS is one of the localization of LEAD. This diagnosis is often neglected when a patient has a proximal walking pain since most physicians evoke a pseudoclaudication. Surprisingly, IIAS management is reported neither in the Trans Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC II nor in the report of the American College Foundation/American Heart Association guidelines. The aims of this review are to present the current knowledge about the disease, how should it be managed in 2015 and what are the future research trends.

  3. Acute Myocardial Infarction in an Elderly Patient With Severe Aortic Stenosis and Angiographically Normal Coronary Arteries

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    Chao-Feng Lin

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Aortic stenosis (AS is common in the elderly and is associated with an increased risk of death from cardiovascular events. Nevertheless, acute myocardial infarction (AMI in patients with severe AS and “normal” coronary arteries is very rare. We present an elderly male with severe AS and angiographically normal coronary arteries who experienced AMI. Platelet hyperaggregability, activation of blood coagulation, coronary microcirculatory dysfunction, imbalance of supply and demand in the hypertrophied myocardium, and subendocardial ischemia predisposed by AS are possible mechanisms. The relevant literature is reviewed and discussed in the report.

  4. In Vivo Validation of Patient-Specific Pressure Gradient Calculations for Iliac Artery Stenosis Severity Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heinen, Stefan G H; van den Heuvel, Daniel A F; Huberts, Wouter; de Boer, Sanne W; van de Vosse, Frans N; Delhaas, Tammo; de Vries, Jean-Paul P M

    2017-12-23

    Currently, the decision to treat iliac artery stenoses is mainly based on visual inspection of digital subtraction angiographies. Intra-arterial pressure measurements can provide clinicians with accurate hemodynamic information. However, pressure measurements are rarely performed because of their invasiveness and the time required. Therefore, the aim of the study was to test the feasibility of a computational model that can predict translesional pressure gradients across iliac artery stenoses on the basis of imaging data only. Patients (N=21) with symptomatic peripheral arterial disease and a peak systolic velocity ratio between 2.5 and 5.0 were included in the study. Patients underwent per-procedural 3-dimensional rotational angiography and hyperemic intra-arterial translesional pressure measurements. Vascular anatomical features were reconstructed from the 3-dimensional rotational angiography data into an axisymmetrical 2-dimensional computational mesh, and flow was estimated on the basis of the stenosis geometry. Computational fluid dynamics were performed to predict the pressure gradient and were compared with the measured pressure gradients. A good agreement by overlapping error bars of the predicted and measured pressure gradients was found in 21 of 25 lesions. Stratification of the stenosis on the basis of the predicted pressure gradient into hemodynamic not significant (URL: http://www.trialregister.nl. Unique identifier: NTR5085. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

  5. MTHFR , prothrombin and Factor V gene variants in Turkish patients with coronary artery stenosis

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    Müge Caner

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Many epidemiological studies have reported an association between hemostatic factors and risk of both coronary and peripheral artery diseases. Using polymerase chain reaction and restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP analysis, we investigated the association between coronary artery disease and polymorphisms in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase ( MTHFR C677T and A1298C, prothrombin (G20210A, and factor V (A4070G genes. We screened these gene variants in 174 subjects who had undergone coronary angiography - 115 patients with patent coronary artery disease (grade 3 vessel disease, i.e. , significant coronary stenosis, and 59 healthy controls with grade 0 vessel disease. The analysis of our data did not show any statistically significant association between coronary artery disease (CAD and the investigated polymorphisms.

  6. Extrahepatic Arteries Originating from Hepatic Arteries: Analysis Using CT During Hepatic Arteriography and Visualization on Digital Subtraction Angiography

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    Ozaki, Kumi, E-mail: ozakik-rad@umin.org [Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Department of Radiology (Japan); Kobayashi, Satoshi [Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Department of Quantum Medicine Technology (Japan); Matsui, Osamu; Minami, Tetsuya; Koda, Wataru; Gabata, Toshifumi [Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Science, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2017-06-15

    PurposeTo investigate the prevalence and site of origin of extrahepatic arteries originating from hepatic arteries on early phase CT during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) was accessed. Visualization of these elements on digital subtraction hepatic angiography (DSHA) was assessed using CTHA images as a gold standard.Materials and MethodsA total of 943 patients (mean age 66.9 ± 10.3 years; male/female, 619/324) underwent CTHA and DSHA. The prevalence and site of origin of extrahepatic arteries were accessed using CTHA and visualized using DSHA.ResultsIn 924 (98.0%) patients, a total of 1555 extrahepatic branches, representing eight types, were found to originate from hepatic arteries on CTHA. CTHA indicated the following extrahepatic branch prevalence rates: right gastric artery, 890 (94.4%); falciform artery, 386 (40.9%); accessory left gastric artery, 161 (17.1%); left inferior phrenic artery (IPA), 43 (4.6%); posterior superior pancreaticoduodenal artery, 33 (3.5%); dorsal pancreatic artery, 26 (2.8%); duodenal artery, 12 (1.3%); and right IPA, 4 (0.4%). In addition, 383 patients (40.6%) had at least one undetectable branch on DSHA. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of visualization on DSHA were as follows: RGA, 80.0, 86.8, and 80.4%; falciform artery, 53.9, 97.7, and 80.0%; accessory LGA, 64.6, 98.6, and 92.3%; left IPA, 76.7, 99.8, and 98.7%; PSPDA, 100, 99.7, and 99.9%; dorsal pancreatic artery, 57.7, 100, and 98.8%; duodenal artery, 8.3, 99.9, and 98.7%; and right IPA, 0, 100, and 99.6%, respectively.ConclusionExtrahepatic arteries originating from hepatic arteries were frequently identified on CTHA images. These arteries were frequently overlooked on DSHA.

  7. The Effects of Metabolic Syndrome on Left Main Coronary Artery Stenosis in Coronary Angiograms of Patients: A Two Year Study

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    Panahi A

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Left main coronary artery (LMCA stenosis is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in many countries. Metabolic syndrome (MS is a risk factor for coronary artery disease (CAD. The effects of MS on left main coronary artery stenosis are not well-defined. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of MS on left main coronary artery stenosis.Methods: A total number of 495 patients who underwent elective coronary angiography in the Catheter Laboratory of Cardiovascular in Shariati Hospital 2008-2010 were included in the study. MS definition was based on the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP- Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III criteria. The stenosis in left main coronary arteries was determined by examining the coronary angiograms of the patients.Results: The study population consisted of 249 (50.3% men, and 246 (49.7% women. The mean age of the participants was 58.01±10 years. MS was present in 86 (17.4% of the patients based on NCEP- ATP III criteria. LMCA stenosis was seen in 25 (5% patients. A positive correlation was found between MS and LMCA stenosis (r=0.305, P=0.012. Moreover, a positive correlation was found between age (r=0.192, P=0.05, sex (r=0.334, P=0.007, smoking (r=0.336, P=0.01 and diabetes (r=0.253, P=0.03 and LMCA stenosis.Conclusion: The metabolic syndrome correlates with LMCA stenosis. LMCA stenosis and its correlation with MS is precipitated by high FBG, age, male sex, and smoking which may synergistically increase the risk for the disease.

  8. Functional and structural adaptations of coronary microvessels distal to a chronic coronary artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sorop, Oana; Merkus, Daphne; de Beer, Vincent J; Houweling, Birgit; Pistea, Adrian; McFalls, Edward O; Boomsma, Frans; van Beusekom, Heleen M; van der Giessen, Wim J; VanBavel, Ed; Duncker, Dirk J

    2008-04-11

    Distal to a chronic coronary artery stenosis, structural remodeling of the microvasculature occurs. The microvascular functional changes distal to the stenosis have not been studied in detail. We tested the hypothesis that microvascular structural remodeling is accompanied by altered regulation of coronary vasomotor tone with increased responsiveness to endothelin-1. Vasomotor tone was studied in coronary microvessels from healthy control swine and from swine 3 to 4 months after implantation of an occluder that causes a progressive coronary narrowing, resulting in regional left ventricular dysfunction and blunted myocardial vasodilator reserve. Arterioles (approximately 200-microm passive inner diameter at 60 mm Hg) were isolated from regions perfused by the stenotic left anterior descending and normal left circumflex coronary arteries and studied in vitro. Passive pressure-diameter curves demonstrated reduced distensibility of subendocardial left anterior descending compared with subendocardial left circumflex or control arterioles, suggestive of structural remodeling. Myogenic responses were blunted in subendocardial left anterior descending compared with left circumflex arterioles, reflecting altered smooth muscle function. However, vasodilator responses to nitroprusside and bradykinin were not different in the endocardium, suggesting preserved endothelium and smooth muscle responsiveness. Finally, vasoconstrictor responses to endothelin-1 were enhanced in left anterior descending arterioles compared with left circumflex or control arterioles. Regional myocardial vascular conductance responses to bradykinin and endothelin in vivo confirmed the in vitro observations. In conclusion, inward remodeling of coronary microvessels distal to a stenosis is accompanied by exaggerated vasoconstrictor responses to endothelin-1. These structural and functional alterations may aggravate flow abnormalities distal to a chronic coronary artery stenosis.

  9. Studies on intracranial collateral circulation with multi-slice CT angiography in patients with symptomatic cerebral artery stenosis

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    Shu-qing ZHOU

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the features of intracranial collateral circulation in patients with symptomatic cerebral artery stenosis.Method Ninety-four patients with ischemic cerebrovascular disease admitted from Apr.2004 to Jun.2009 were involved in present study.All the patients were examined with cerebral multi-slice CT angiography,and the features of cerebral artery stenosis and intracranial collateral circulation were evaluated using maximum intensity projection(MIP and volume rendering(VR images of CT angiography.Result Of the 94 patients involved,48 were diagnosed as cerebral artery stenosis,including 29 cases of cerebral infarction,18 of transient ischemic attack(TIA and 1 of moyamoya disease(MMD.Among the 14 cases of severe cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion,cerebral infarction was found in 6 cases with lesser intracranial collateral vessels(including massive cerebral infarction in 4 cases and watershed infarction in 2 cases,and focal infarction of central semi-ovale in 1 case and TIA in 7 cases were found with abundant intracranial collateral vessels.Multiple lacunar infarction was found in 22 cases of mild or moderate cerebral artery stenosis,but there was no significant correlation between the stenosed arteries and infarction sites.Abundant intracranial collateral vessels were found in one patient with Moyamoya disease but no infarction was observed.Conclusions Intracranial collateral circulation plays an important role of compensation in patients with severe cerebral artery stenosis or occlusion.Cerebral angiography with multi-slice CT is of great significance in evaluation of cerebral artery stenosis and intracranial collateral circulation.

  10. Impact of contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the study of hepatic artery hypoperfusion shortly after liver transplantation: contribution to the diagnosis of artery steal syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Criado, Angeles; Gilabert, Rosa; Bianchi, Luis; Vilana, Ramón; Burrel, Marta; Barrufet, Marta; Oliveira, Rafael; García-Valdecasas, Juan Carlos; Brú, Concepción

    2015-01-01

    To assess the value of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) in the absence of hepatic artery signal on Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in the immediate postoperative period after liver transplant. This prospective study included 675 consecutive liver transplants. Patients without hepatic artery signal by DUS within 8 days post-transplant were studied with CEUS. If it remained undetectable, a thrombosis was suspected. In patent hepatic artery, a DUS was performed immediately after CEUS; if low resistance flow was detected, an arteriography was indicated. Patients with high resistance waveform underwent DUS+/CEUS follow-up. Arteriography was indicated when abnormal flow persisted for more than 5 days or liver dysfunction appeared. Thirty-four patients were studied with CEUS. In 11 patients CEUS correctly diagnosed hepatic artery thrombosis. In two out of 23 non-occluded arteries, a low resistance flow lead to a diagnosis of stenosis/proximal thrombosis. Twenty-one patients had absence of diastolic flow, which normalized in the follow-up in 13 patients. In the remaining eight patients, splenic artery steal syndrome (ASS) was diagnosed. CEUS allows us to avoid invasive tests in the diagnostic work-up shortly after liver transplant. It identifies the hepatic artery thrombosis and points to a diagnosis of ASS. • CEUS is useful in the diagnostic work-up shortly after liver transplant • CEUS identifies the hepatic artery thrombosis with reliability • There is little information about DUS and CEUS findings in the ASS • DUS and CEUS offer functional information useful in the diagnosis of ASS.

  11. Wellens’ Syndrome: Critical Left Anterior Descending Artery Stenosis

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    Nuri Köse

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Wellens’ syndrome (WS is a pattern of electrocardiographic (ECG T-wave changes associated with critical narrowing of the left anterior descending artery. ECG changes are described as deeply-inverted or symmetrical or biphasic T waves in V2-V4. T wave changes in the syndrome usually occur during a pain-free interval. The origin of these changes is unclear. These T wave changes are the sign of preinfarctional state and can progress to myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography should be planned for patients presenting with this syndrome without performing provocative tests. There is an increased risk for morbidity and mortality in the absence of urgent coronary revascularization. Although WS is frequently encountered in the daily clinical practice, it is rarely described in cardiology books. Our aim was to point out the clinical importance of WS. We report the case of a 44-year-old male patient who presented to the emergency department with WS.

  12. Acute Hearing Loss Caused by Decreasing Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Arterial Perfusion in a Patient with Vertebral Artery Stenosis.

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    Fukuda, Rintaro; Miyamoto, Nobukazu; Hayashida, Arisa; Ueno, Yuji; Yamashiro, Kazuo; Tanaka, Ryota; Hattori, Nobutaka

    2017-06-01

    We report a case of bilateral hearing loss caused by decreased vascular flow in the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA) territory. A 74-year-old man who experienced right hearing loss 5 months ago presented with bilateral deafness and right cerebellar ataxia; however, no ischemic lesion was detected in the bilateral AICA area. After stroke treatment, hearing loss was improved. One month later, we obtained blood flow improvement in the left AICA territory on single-photon-emission computed tomography and vertebral artery stenosis on magnetic resonance angiography. Therefore, clinicians should recognize that bilateral hearing loss may be related to stroke in the vertebrobasilar artery area. Copyright © 2017 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Results of simultaneous intervention in patients with concomitant coronary artery disease and aortic stenosis

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    Д. Д. Зубарев

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim. The study was aimed at comparing the immediate and long-term results of aortic valve replacement in combination with various techniques of intervention for myocardial revascularization, namely: coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG and percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA.Methods. This randomized prospective controlled study involved 120 cardiac patients over 18 years old with combined aortic valve stenosis and arterial sclerotic disease of coronary arteries. The inclusion criteria were a combination of aortic valve stenosis and a hemodynamically significant lesion of the coronary bed. A comparative analysis of the results obtained in the nearest postoperative period and during 1-year follow-up is presented. Results. Hybrid intervention (aortic valve replacement + percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty produces the results which are comparable with those of the control (aortic valve replacement + CABG, with a significantly greater decrease in the peak gradient on the aortic valve. During long-term follow-up, the group of patients who underwent hybrid intervention demonstrated a much higher myocardial infarction rate (12.5 versus 2.5 %, however, the severity of infarctions was significantly lower.Conclusion. PTCA, as compared to CABG, with concomitant coronary artery disease significantly improves the indicators of aortic valve insufficiency and the survival after repeated myocardial infarction, with the matching frequency of acute cerebral circulation abnormalities and the lethality rate in the long-term period.Received 29 August 2016. Accepted 5 October 2016.Funding: The study had no sponsorship. Conflict of interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.

  14. Arterial pre-hypertension and hypertension in intracranial versus extracranial cerebrovascular stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, D; Zhou, Y; Guo, Y; Wang, C; Wang, A; Jin, Z; Gao, X; Wu, S; Zhao, X; Jonas, J B

    2015-03-01

    Since it has remained unclear whether arterial pre-hypertension is a risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases, potential associations between arterial pre-hypertension and intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) and extracranial arterial stenosis (ECAS) were assessed. The population-based Asymptomatic Polyvascular Abnormalities in Community Study was a sub-study of employees and retirees of the coal mining industry in China. Our study examined asymptomatic polyvascular abnormalities in a general population and with an age of 40+ years without history of stroke, transient ischaemic attacks and coronary heart disease. ICAS was diagnosed by transcranial Doppler sonography and was defined by peak flow velocity criteria; ECAS was diagnosed by carotid duplex sonography and was defined by the diameter of the common carotid artery or internal carotid artery. Out of 4422 study participants, 711 (16.1%) subjects showed an asymptomatic ICAS and 292 (6.6%) showed an asymptomatic ECAS. After adjusting for relevant risk factors, higher prevalence of ICAS was significantly associated with higher prevalence of pre-hypertension [odds ratio (OR) 1.55; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.11, 2.16; P = 0.010] and hypertension (OR 1.80; 95% CI 1.53, 2.11; P hypertension (OR 0.78; 95% CI 0.55, 1.10) or of hypertension (OR 1.06; 95% CI 0.91, 1.24). The results suggest that arterial pre-hypertension in addition to hypertension is associated with a higher prevalence of asymptomatic ICAS, more in men. © 2014 EAN.

  15. Occlusion and stenosis of the posterior circumflex humeral artery: detection with ultrasound in a normal population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, David John; Marks, Paul; Schneider-Kolsky, Michal

    2011-10-01

    The posterior circumflex humeral artery (PCHA) travels together with the axillary nerve through the quadrilateral space of the shoulder. Angiographic occlusion of this artery upon abduction and external rotation (ABER) of the arm has been accepted as evidence of mechanical compression of the axillary nerve and thus considered pathognomonic of quadrilateral space syndrome (QSS). The specificity of this sign for QSS has however been called into question as there are, to date, limited data on the incidence of axillary neurovascular compression during ABER in a normal population. We set out to determine the rate of stenosis or occlusion of the PCHA on ABER in healthy volunteers using ultrasound. Healthy volunteers asymptomatic for shoulder complaints were recruited from patients attending the clinic for ultrasound imaging not related to the shoulder, as well as volunteers among staff. Doppler sampling of the PCHA of both shoulders of participants was conducted in neutral and abduction and externally rotated positions. Each shoulder was treated as a separate entity. Results showed that 15/93 (16%) of shoulders demonstrated Doppler ultrasound evidence of occlusion or significant stenosis in the absence of shoulder complaints. Occlusion or stenosis of the PCHA on ABER is an uncommon finding in an asymptomatic population. Axillary neurovascular compression is unlikely if colour Doppler ultrasound does not show PCHA compromise during ABER. © 2011 The Authors. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology © 2011 The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Radiologists.

  16. Turbulence intensity measurements using particle image velocimetry in diseased carotid artery models: effect of stenosis severity, plaque eccentricity, and ulceration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kefayati, Sarah; Holdsworth, David W; Poepping, Tamie L

    2014-01-03

    Clinical decision-making for the treatment of patients with diseased carotid artery is mainly based on the severity of the stenosis. However, stenosis severity alone is not a sensitive indicator, and other local factors for the assessment of stroke risk are required. Flow disturbance is of particular interest due to its proven association with increased thromboembolic activities. The objective of this study was to investigate the level of turbulence intensity (TI) with regards to certain geometrical features of the plaque - namely stenosis severity, eccentricity, and ulceration. A family of eight carotid-artery bifurcation models was examined using particle image velocimetry. Results showed a marked difference in turbulence intensity among these models; increasing degree of stenosis severity resulted in increased turbulence intensity, going from 0.12 m/s for mild stenosis to 0.37 m/s for severe stenosis (with concentric geometry). Moreover, independent of stenosis severity, eccentricity led to further elevations in turbulence intensity, increasing TI by 0.05-0.10 m/s over the counterpart concentric plaque. The presence of ulceration (in a 50% eccentric plaque) produced a larger portion of moderate turbulence intensity (~0.10 m/s) compared to the non-ulcerated model, more proximal to the bifurcation apex in the post-stenotic recirculation zone. The effect of plaque eccentricity and ulceration in enhancing the downstream turbulence has potential clinical implications for a more sensitive assessment of stroke risk beyond stenosis severity alone. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Hepatic Venous Outflow Stenosis After Auxiliary Left Hemiliver Transplantation Diagnosed by Ultrasonic Shear Wave Elastography Combined With Doppler Ultrasonography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Jia-Wu; Lu, Qiang; Luo, Yan

    2017-01-01

    Abstract Hepatic vein stenosis after liver transplantation is a relatively rare complication that could even result in graft loss. However, it is difficult to arrive at a definite diagnosis at the early stage of postoperation, and there are few researches on ultrasonic shear wave elastography in the diagnosis of hepatic vein stenosis. We report the case of an 11-year-old male patient with cirrhosis due to hepatolenticular degeneration who received an auxiliary left hemiliver graft from his uncle. Massive ascites developed in 4 days after the operation. Stenosis was suspected at the site of anastomosis by Doppler ultrasonography when elevating the velocity of the left hepatic vein. Meanwhile, increased stiffness of the graft was revealed by ultrasonic shear wave elastography. The stenosis was confirmed by subsequent digital subtraction angiography. Ascites decreased gradually after the stent implantation. Our case indicates that ultrasonic shear wave elastography combined with Doppler ultrasonography is a promising method for noninvasive diagnosis of hepatic venous outflow stenosis following liver transplantation. PMID:29190228

  18. Screening with doppler ultrasound for carotid artery stenosis in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Tatiana; Hovind, Peter; Iversen, Helle K

    2017-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Carotid endarterectomy of symptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis in patients with stroke or transient ischaemic attack reduces the risk of recurrent stroke, particularly if performed within 2 weeks from the first event. We evaluated the efficiency of a screening programme based...... on Doppler ultrasound in patients hospitalized with stroke or transient ischaemic attack in the stroke centre at Rigshospitalet, Glostrup, Denmark, concerning timeliness of referral to the vascular surgeon and performance of carotid endarterectomy according to national recommendations. METHODS: Prospective...... stenosis or occlusion was found in 171 patients (12·3%) and was hemisphere related in 78 patients (5·6%). Among these, 68 (87%) were referred to the vascular department, 94% within 4 days of admission. Carotid endarterectomy was performed in 16 patients, all within 14 days from admission...

  19. Computed tomography angiography and perfusion to assess coronary artery stenosis causing perfusion defects by single photon emission computed tomography

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rochitte, Carlos E; George, Richard T; Chen, Marcus Y

    2014-01-01

    AIMS: To evaluate the diagnostic power of integrating the results of computed tomography angiography (CTA) and CT myocardial perfusion (CTP) to identify coronary artery disease (CAD) defined as a flow limiting coronary artery stenosis causing a perfusion defect by single photon emission computed ...

  20. Hemodynamic effects of left pulmonary artery stenosis after superior cavopulmonary connection: a patient-specific multiscale modeling study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiavazzi, Daniele E; Kung, Ethan O; Marsden, Alison L; Baker, Catriona; Pennati, Giancarlo; Hsia, Tain-Yen; Hlavacek, Anthony; Dorfman, Adam L

    2015-03-01

    Currently, no quantitative guidelines have been established for treatment of left pulmonary artery (LPA) stenosis. This study aims to quantify the effects of LPA stenosis on postoperative hemodynamics for single-ventricle patients undergoing stage II superior cavopulmonary connection (SCPC) surgery, using a multiscale computational approach. Image data from 6 patients were segmented to produce 3-dimensional models of the pulmonary arteries before stage II surgery. Pressure and flow measurements were used to tune a 0-dimensional model of the entire circulation. Postoperative geometries were generated through stage II virtual surgery; varying degrees of LPA stenosis were applied using mesh morphing and hemodynamics assessed through coupled 0-3-dimensional simulations. To relate metrics of stenosis to clinical classifications, pediatric cardiologists and surgeons ranked the degrees of stenosis in the models. The effects of LPA stenosis were assessed based on left-to-right pulmonary artery flow split ratios, mean pressure drop across the stenosis, cardiac pressure-volume loops, and other clinically relevant parameters. Stenosis of >65% of the vessel diameter was required to produce a right pulmonary artery:LPA flow split 3.0 mm Hg, defined as clinically significant changes. The effects of SCPC hemodynamics and physiology were minor and may not justify the increased complexity of adding LPA arterioplasty to the SCPC operation. However, in the longer term, pulmonary augmentation may affect outcomes of the Fontan completion surgery, as pulmonary artery distortion is a risk factor that may influence stage III physiology. Copyright © 2015 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Clinical significance of posterior cerebral artery stenosis/occlusion in moyamoya disease

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    Kuroda, Satoshi; Ishikawa, Tatsuya; Iwasaki, Yoshinobu [Hokkaido Univ., Sapporo (Japan). Graduate School of Medicine; Houkin, Kiyohiro [Sapporo Medical Univ. (Japan)

    2002-12-01

    The present study was aimed at clarifying the clinical significance of posterior cerebral artery (PCA) stenosis/occlusion in pediatric and adult moyamoya disease. This study included a total of 132 patients (52 children and 80 adults) who were diagnosed as by cerebral angiography having moyamoya disease. CT or MRI was performed to examine the location of cerebral infarction in all subjects. Cerebral blood flow and vasoreactivity to acetazolamide were measured in 80 patients before surgery, using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT). Three-dimensional MR angiography (3D-MRA) was repeated in 32 pediatric patients after surgery in order to clarify the natural course of the PCA stenosis/occlusion. Of 264 sides in 132 patients, PCA stenosis/occlusion was observed in 50 sides of 40 patients (30.3%). Its incidence was significantly higher in ischemic-type patients than in hemorrhagic-type and asymptomatic patients, and was higher in patients in the advanced stage of the disease. The hemisphere ipsilateral to PCA stenosis/occlusion had higher incidence of ischemic symptoms, cerebral infarction, and impaired cerebral hemodynamics. Transient ischemic attack (TIA) (hemianopsia) or cerebral infarction in the occipital lobe was noted in 4 (10%) of 40 patients during follow-up periods after bypass surgery for anterior circulation. Of 32 pediatric patients, none showed progression of PCA stenosis on 3D-MRA during follow-up periods. The present study showed that the involvement of PCA could increase the risk of TIA and/or cerebral infarction in both anterior and posterior circulation areas, suggesting that the PCA plays an important collateral role in moyamoya disease. (author)

  2. Clinical-sonographic index (CSI): a novel transcranial Doppler diagnostic model for middle cerebral artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Keun-Hwa; Lee, Yong-Seok

    2008-07-01

    Transcranial Doppler sonography is useful for the diagnosis of middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis. Although the previous studies have focused on the elevated mean flow velocity (MFV) or asymmetry of MFV, the lack of clinical correlation might limit diagnostic accuracy. We try to develop and validate a new diagnostic model including more comprehensive clinical and sonographic parameters. Consecutive patients with magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)-verified MCA stenosis were included, and compared with control subjects with normal MCA. The age, sex, corresponding symptoms (CS) to sonographic side, diabetes mellitus (DM), and hypertension were included for analysis. As sonographic parameters, MFV (cm/sec), asymmetry index (AI,%), and difference of pulsatility index (DeltaPI) were analyzed. Clinical-sonographic index (CSI) model was built with significant parameters by multivariate logistic regression analysis. One hundred and seven patients (M:F = 53:54, age: 61.6 +/- 11.6 years), and 100 control subjects (M:F = 49:51, age: 54.9 +/- 14.5 years) were included. In logistic regression, MFV (odds ratio [OR], 1.057; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.030-1.084), AI (OR, 1.067; 95% CI, 1.031-1.104), DeltaPI (OR, 41.754; 95% CI, 2.771-626.999), CS (OR, 15.904; 95% CI, 5.055-50.042), and DM (OR, 3.949; 95% CI, 1.132-13.783) were independent predictors of MCA stenosis. CSI was simplified for clinical use, CSI = MFV(cm/sec) + 3 * AI (%) + 180 *DeltaPI + 90 * CS(presence = 1, absence = 0) + 30 * DM (presence = 1, absence = 0). The area under the receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curve of MCA stenosis versus MFV, DeltaPI, AI, and CSI was .641, .668, .865 and .953. According to ROC curve, cut-off point for MCA stenosis was suggested as CSI > 180 (sensitivity: 87%, specificity: 92%). CSI might be useful to enhance diagnostic accuracy.

  3. Peripheral obstructive arterial disease and carotid artery stenosis in end stage renal disease: a case-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilancini, S; Lucchi, M; Mangiafico, R A; Medolla, A; Ferazzoli, F; Bianchi, C; Salvatori, E

    2008-12-01

    Cardiovascular diseases are an important cause of morbidity and mortality in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the predominance of carotid stenosis and peripheral obstructive arterial disease (POAD) in a group of patients subject to dialysis compared with a control group. It is a control-case study performed on patients at different hemodialysis facilities; the exams were carried out in ambulatory care. Two groups of patients were examined, the first group was made up of 40 dialysis patients (46.6% men, average age 58.8), the second was the control group made up of 58 subjects matched by age, sex, arterial pressure, presence of diabetes and smoking habits. All patients underwent an Eco-Color Doppler exam on the over aortal trunks and lower extremities and had their Ankle-Brakial-Index (ABI) measured. Carotid stenosis was considered only if equal or over 50%. Twenty percent of dialysis patients showed carotid stenosis (CS) versus 12% in the control group, with an OR of 7.9 (CI 95% 1.3-47.7) adjusted to sex, age and hypertension. The ultrasound picture of the lesions showed large amounts of calcium deposits. Predominance of POAD in dialysis patients was 20% versus 9% in the control group. In dialysis patients the OR adjusted to age, sex and arterial pressure was 6.3 (CI 95%, 1.2-32.6). The ultrasound picture of the lesions showed mainly underpopliteal lesions with ''rosary bead'' calcifications. In diabetic dialysis patients the OR was 7.6 (CI 95% 1.4-46.3).

  4. Intraoperative Stenting of Pulmonary Artery Stenosis in Children With Congenital Heart Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meot, Mathilde; Lefort, Bruno; El Arid, Jean Marc; Soulé, Nathalie; Lothion-Boulanger, Julie; Lengellé, François; Chantepie, Alain; Neville, Paul

    2017-07-01

    Branch pulmonary artery (BPA) stenosis is frequently associated with congenital heart disease. Management of BPA stenosis is challenging for surgeons due to a high rate of recurrence. The purpose of this study was to assess the results of intraoperative pulmonary artery stenting associated with or without surgical angioplasty. We included 33 children from our center between January 2008 and July 2014. Patients had pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect (13), tetralogy of Fallot (10), troncus arteriosus (4), double outlet right ventricle (2), and single left or right ventricle (4). A total of 44 balloon-expandable stents (mean diameter, 9.5 mm; range, 4 to 16 mm) were deployed in left or right PA under direct visualization, without the use of fluoroscopy, after branch angioplasty for 28 of them (64%). The mean age at surgery was 4.3 ± 4.3 years (range, 6 days to 15 years) and the mean weight was 14.3 ± 11.9 kg (range, 2.8 to 63 kg). Postoperative mortality was 9% (3 patients), but only 1 death was related to the stenting procedure. Twenty-five patients underwent angiographic control after a mean follow-up of 22 months after surgery. All stents were well positioned. The mean stented BPA Z-score increased from -2.6 ± 1.8 to -0.4 ± 1.6 (p < 0.0001). Eleven patients experienced intrastent proliferation (44%). Among them, 2 patients required a reoperation for severe intrastent stenosis, whereas the 9 others had mild intrastent neointimal proliferation, which was successfully managed by balloon expansion. Intraoperative stenting of BPA is a safe and effective option to treat BPA stenosis and prevent recurrence. Copyright © 2017 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  5. How To Manage Intracranial Arterial Stenosis? I'm Medical Or Interventional Treatment?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kohansal Rahim

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and review: The risk of stroke per year  is about 3.9-28.7% in patients with stenosis of the intracranial internal carotid artery and about 2.8-12% in patients with stenosis of middle cerebral artery. Intracranial stenoses are dynamic lesions. They can show progression, can remain stable or even undergo regression. The treatment of these patients is still controversial and several questions have to be answered.for example,whether only anti platelet/anticoagulantion therapy  or angioplasty/stenting is the best first-line therapy?what is the best or maximal medical therapy?furthermore,what is the risk of stroke with medical or with interventional therapy or, what is the risk of complication from interventional therapy?is stenting necessary but or is angioplasty alone sufficient? Annual risk of stroke in patients with symptomatic intracranial stenosis where anti platelet/anticoagulantion therapy failed is about 4-12%(-45%. The intracranial complication rates of intracranial angioplasty or stenting are as high as 20%.during treatment,ischemic stroke has been reported in 0-20%,intracranial hemorrhage in 0-4%,vessel dissection in 0-10%,vessel rupture in 0-4%, vessel occlusion/thrombosis in 0-4% and death in 0-8%. Conclusion: In patients with intracranial  areterial stenosis  angioplasty or stenting placement should not be the first-line therapy. Instead,initial treatment should include the standard control of vascular risk factors and application of antiplatelet/anticoagulantion drugs,statins and angiotensin convert ing enzym ihibitor.

  6. Computational simulation of postoperative pulmonary flow distribution in Alagille patients with peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Weiguang; Hanley, Frank L; Chan, Frandics P; Marsden, Alison L; Vignon-Clementel, Irene E; Feinstein, Jeffrey A

    2017-12-01

    Up to 90% of individuals with Alagille syndrome have congenital heart diseases. Peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis (PPS), resulting in right ventricular hypertension and pulmonary flow disparity, is one of the most common abnormalities, yet the hemodynamic effects are ill-defined, and optimal patient management and treatment strategies are not well established. The purpose of this pilot study is to use recently refined computational simulation in the setting of multiple surgical strategies, to examine the influence of pulmonary artery reconstruction on hemodynamics in this population. Based on computed tomography angiography and cardiac catheterization data, preoperative pulmonary artery models were constructed for 4 patients with Alagille syndrome with PPS (all male, age range: 0.6-2.9 years), and flow simulations with deformable walls were performed. Surgeon directed virtual surgery, mimicking the surgical procedure, was then performed to derive postoperative models. Postoperative simulation-derived hemodynamics and blood flow distribution were then compared with the clinical results. Simulations confirmed substantial resistance, resulting from preoperative severe ostial stenoses, and the use of newly developed adaptive outflow boundary conditions led to excellent agreement with in vivo measurements. Relief of PPS decreased pulmonary artery pressures and improved pulmonary flow distribution both in vivo and in silico with good correlation. Using adaptive outflow boundary conditions, computational simulations can estimate postoperative overall pulmonary flow distribution in patients with Alagille syndrome after pulmonary artery reconstruction. Obstruction relief along with pulmonary artery vasodilation determines postoperative pulmonary flow distribution and newer methods can incorporate these physiologic changes. Evolving blood flow simulations may be useful in surgical or transcatheter planning and in understanding the complex interplay among various

  7. Correlation between US-PSV and 64-Row MDCTA with Advanced Vessel Analysis in the Quantification of 50–70% Carotid Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo Stefanini

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To correlate ultrasonographic peak systolic velocity (US-PSV and 64-row multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA with advanced vessel analysis (AVA software in the quantification of 50–70% carotid artery stenosis. Materials and methods. 199 consecutive patients (247 arteries with internal carotid artery (ICA or third proximal bifurcation stenosis. Each patient was studied by duplex US (DUS and 64-row MDCTA with AVA software. Results. DUS showed PSV measurements less than 125 cm/s in 51 carotid stenosis and a value greater than this in 196 arteries. 64-row MDCTA AVA software showed a grade of stenosis less than 50% in 42 carotid arteries while a greater 70% was found in 4 carotid arteries; then, carotid arteries with stenosis percentage between 50% and 70% were 201. Linear regression analysis showed a good linear correlation (=0.88 between MDCTA-AVA software percentage stenosis and PSV: between 50% grade of stenosis and PSV value corresponding to 133,6 cm/sec and between 70% stenosis and PSV value corresponding to 268 cm/sec. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value(PPV, negative predictive value(NPV of this analysis were 93%, 82%, 97%, 75%, respectively. Conclusion. Linear correlation between PSV data and grade of stenosis from 50% to 70% obtained with 64-row MDCTA AVA software. Main PSV value corresponding to 50% and 70% grade of stenosis at AVA analysis.

  8. Correlation between US-PSV and 64-Row MDCTA with Advanced Vessel Analysis in the Quantification of 50-70% Carotid Artery Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefanini, Matteo; Gaspari, Eleonora; Boi, Luca; Del Giudice, Costantino; Mastrangeli, Roberta; Nucera, Francesca; Simonetti, Giovanni

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. To correlate ultrasonographic peak systolic velocity (US-PSV) and 64-row multidetector computed tomography angiography (MDCTA) with advanced vessel analysis (AVA) software in the quantification of 50-70% carotid artery stenosis. Materials and methods. 199 consecutive patients (247 arteries) with internal carotid artery (ICA) or third proximal bifurcation stenosis. Each patient was studied by duplex US (DUS) and 64-row MDCTA with AVA software. Results. DUS showed PSV measurements less than 125 cm/s in 51 carotid stenosis and a value greater than this in 196 arteries. 64-row MDCTA AVA software showed a grade of stenosis less than 50% in 42 carotid arteries while a greater 70% was found in 4 carotid arteries; then, carotid arteries with stenosis percentage between 50% and 70% were 201. Linear regression analysis showed a good linear correlation (r = 0.88) between MDCTA-AVA software percentage stenosis and PSV: between 50% grade of stenosis and PSV value corresponding to 133,6 cm/sec and between 70% stenosis and PSV value corresponding to 268 cm/sec. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value(PPV), negative predictive value(NPV) of this analysis were 93%, 82%, 97%, 75%, respectively. Conclusion. Linear correlation between PSV data and grade of stenosis from 50% to 70% obtained with 64-row MDCTA AVA software. Main PSV value corresponding to 50% and 70% grade of stenosis at AVA analysis.

  9. Prevalence of renal artery stenosis in flash pulmonary oedema: determination using gadolinium-enhanced MRA.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McMahon, Colm J

    2012-02-01

    PURPOSE: The primary purpose was to determine the prevalence of renal artery stenosis (RAS) in patients presenting with acute ("flash") pulmonary oedema (FPE), without identifiable cause using contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (CE-MRA) of renal arteries. A secondary goal was to correlate clinical parameters at presentation with the presence or absence of RAS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients presenting with acute pulmonary oedema without identifiable cause prospectively underwent CE-MRA. >50% renal artery stenosis was considered significant. Clinical parameters (blood pressure, serum creatinine, history of hypertension\\/hyperlipidaemia) were compared in patients with and without RAS using an unpaired t-test. Results expressed; mean (+\\/-SD). RESULTS: 20 patients (4 male, 16 female, age 78.5+\\/-11 years) underwent CE-MRA. 9 patients (45%) had significant RAS (6 (30%) bilateral, 3 (15%) unilateral). Systolic BP was higher in patients with RAS (192+\\/-38 mm Hg) than those without (134+\\/-30 mm Hg) (p<.005). Diastolic BP was higher in patients with RAS (102+\\/-23 mm Hg) than those without (76+\\/-17 mm Hg) (p<.01). All patients with RAS and 6\\/11(55%) patients without RAS had a history of hypertension. No significant difference in creatinine or hyperlipidaemia history was observed. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of RAS in patients presenting with FPE is 45%. The diagnosis should be considered in patients presenting with unexplained acute pulmonary oedema, particularly if hypertensive at presentation.

  10. Hepatitis C virus infection and risk of coronary artery disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roed, Torsten; Lebech, Anne-Mette; Kjaer, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Several chronic infections have been associated with cardiovascular diseases, including Chlamydia pneumoniae, human immunodeficiency virus and viral hepatitis. This review evaluates the literature on the association between chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection and the risk of coronary artery...... disease (CAD)....

  11. Transcatheter Arterial Embolization Alone for Giant Hepatic Hemangioma

    OpenAIRE

    Jun-Hui Sun; Chun-Hui Nie; Yue-Lin Zhang; Guan-Hui Zhou; Jing Ai; Tan-Yang Zhou; Tong-Yin Zhu; Ai-Bin Zhang; Wei-Lin Wang; Shu-Sen Zheng

    2015-01-01

    Giant hepatic hemangioma is a benign liver condition that may be treated using surgery. We studied the digital subtraction angiographic (DSA) characteristics of giant hepatic hemangioma, and the effectiveness of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) alone for its treatment. This was a retrospective study of 27 patients diagnosed with giant hepatic hemangioma and treated with TAE alone (using lipiodol mixed with pingyangmycin) at the Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, First ...

  12. The Polar Fluid Model for Blood Flow through a Tapered Artery with Overlapping Stenosis: Effects of Catheter and Velocity Slip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. V. Ramana Reddy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The blood flow through an overlapping clogged tapered artery in the presence of catheter is discussed. Since cholesterol deposition is resulting in the stenosis formation, velocity slip at the arterial wall is considered. The equations governing the fluid flow have been solved analytically under the assumption of the mild stenosis. The analysis with respect to various parameters arising out of fluid and geometry considered, on physiological parameters such as impedance and wall shear stress at the maximum height of the stenosis as well as across the entire length of the stenosis has been reported. A table summarizing the locations of extreme heights and the corresponding annular radii is provided. It is observed that the wall shear stress is the same at both the locations corresponding to the maximum height of the stenosis in case of nontapered artery while it varies in case of tapered artery. It is also observed that slip velocity and diverging tapered artery facilitate the fluid flow. Shear stress at the wall is increasing as micropolar parameter is decreasing and the trend is reversed in case of coupling number. The results obtained are validated by comparing them with the experimental and theoretical results.

  13. Analysis of the Sensitivity and Specificity of Noninvasive Imaging Tests for the Diagnosis of Renal Artery Stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borelli, Flavio Antonio de Oliveira, E-mail: fborelli@cardiol.br; Pinto, Ibraim M. F.; Amodeo, Celso; Smanio, Paola E. P.; Kambara, Antonio M.; Petisco, Ana Claudia G.; Moreira, Samuel M.; Paiva, Ricardo Calil; Lopes, Hugo Belotti; Sousa, Amanda G. M. R. [Instituto Dante Pazzanese de Cardiologia, São Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-11-15

    Aging and atherosclerosis are related to renovascular hypertension in elderly individuals. Regardless of comorbidities, renal artery stenosis is itself an important cause of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. To define the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of noninvasive imaging tests used in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis. In a group of 61 patients recruited, 122 arteries were analized, thus permitting the definition of sensitivity, specificity, and the relative contribution of each imaging study performed (Doppler, scintigraphy and computed tomographic angiography in comparison to renal arteriography). The mean age was 65.43 years (standard deviation: 8.7). Of the variables related to the study population that were compared to arteriography, two correlated with renal artery stenosis, renal dysfunction and triglycerides. The median glomerular filtration rate was 52.8 mL/min/m{sup 2}. Doppler showed sensitivity of 82.90%, specificity of 70%, a positive predictive value of 85% and negative predictive value of 66.70%. For tomography, sensitivity was 66.70%, specificity 80%, positive predictive value 87.50% and negative predictive value 55.20%. With these findings, we could identify the imaging tests that best detected stenosis. Tomography and Doppler showed good quality and efficacy in the diagnosis of renal artery stenosis, with Doppler having the advantage of not requiring the use of contrast medium for the assessment of a disease that is common in diabetics and is associated with renal dysfunction and severe left ventricular dysfunction.

  14. Usefulness of detecting atherosclerosis by computed tomography. A relation to coronary artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Takasu, Junichiro; Yamamoto, Rie; Yokoyama, Kenichi [Chiba Univ. (Japan). School of Medicine] [and others

    1999-06-01

    Reports evaluating coronary artery calcification detection by nonenhanced computed tomography (CT) have verified the usefulness for diagnosis of coronary artery disease. In the condition of a mobile CT scanning at a public health examination, however, determination of coronary calcification remains unclear. We investigated, under this scanning condition, a relation between the characteristic of coronary artery calcification determined by conventional CT and coronary disease on arteriogram. The quantification of aortic wall thickening by enhanced CT was examined on the usefulness of detecting coronary artery disease. The CT density score and the characteristics of aortic atherosclerosis for 159 male patients 30 year-old or more (average age 60.7 years) were examined the relation to coronary artery stenoses. The CT density score was the strongest independent variable for determining the existence of coronary disease. The CT density cutoff score for detection of coronary disease was 50 equal to 50 HU the maximal CT density in the coronary arteries. The maximal aortic wall thickness was the strongest significant variable independent of the noted coronary risk factors for the severity of coronary stenosis on arteriogram. (author)

  15. Arthroplasty-CervicalP001 - Double Crush Syndrome of the Vertebral Artery Loop and Foraminal Stenosis Causing Monoparesis

    OpenAIRE

    Rho, Young Joon; Choi, Hoon; Kurpad, Shekar; Soliman, Hesham; Heo, Dong Hwa; Park, Choon Keun; Lee, Jun Ho; Lee, Jung Hwan; Benitez, Hugo Alberto Santos; Rivera, Miguel Angel Fuentes; Moga, Amado Gonzalez; Hernandez, Gabriel Huerta; Urbina, Mizraim Castillo; Ozkunt, Okan; Sariyilmaz, Kerim

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: To report a case of monoparesis caused by a vertebral artery (VA) anomaly and foraminal stenosis treated with microvascular decompression by the posterior approach. Material and Methods: A 51-year-old man was referred because of a 4-year history of progressive left shoulder pain refractory to other forms of treatment and a 7-month history of arm weakness. Clinical and radiologic evaluation showed an abnormally tortuous loop of left C5-6 cervical foramina with foraminal stenosis ...

  16. Genome-Wide Association Study in a Lebanese Cohort Confirms PHACTR1 as a Major Determinant of Coronary Artery Stenosis

    OpenAIRE

    Hager, Jörg; Kamatani, Yoichiro; Cazier, Jean-Baptiste; Youhanna, Sonia; Ghassibe-Sabbagh, Michella; Platt, Daniel E.; Abchee, Antoine B.; Romanos, Jihane; Khazen, Georges; Othman, Raed; Badro, Danielle A; Haber, Marc; Salloum, Angelique K.; Douaihy, Bouchra; Shasha, Nabil

    2012-01-01

    The manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) follows a well-choreographed series of events that includes damage of arterial endothelial cells and deposition of lipids in the sub-endothelial layers. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of multiple populations with distinctive genetic and lifestyle backgrounds are a crucial step in understanding global CAD pathophysiology. In this study, we report a GWAS on the genetic basis of arterial stenosis as measured by cardiac catheterization in...

  17. Excimer laser-assisted recanalisation of femoral arterial stenosis or occlusion caused by the use of Angio-Seal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Steinkamp, H.J.; Werk, M.; Beck, A.; Teichgraeber, U.; Haufe, M.; Felix, R. [Dept. of Radiology, Humboldt Univ. Berlin (Germany)

    2001-08-01

    The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effect of excimer laser and balloon angioplasty of femoral artery stenosis and occlusion after use of a haemostatic puncture closure device. A haemostatic puncture closure device (Angio-Seal) was used in 6000 patients after diagnostic or therapeutic artery catheterisation. In 34 of those patients symptoms of peripheral artery disease occurred. Sixteen of those 34 cases were transferred to our clinic for excimer laser angioplasty. All 16 patients presented with symptoms of acute peripheral artery disease within 1-14 days: superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusions (4 cases); superficial femoral artery stenosis (3 cases); high-grade stenosis of the common femoral artery (CFA; 3 cases); high-grade stenosis of CFA; SFA and profund femoral artery (PFA; 3 cases); and occlusions of CFA, SFA and PFA (3 cases). Before any procedure was performed, informed consent was given by the patient, which included the use of the Angio-Seal closure device. Every patient who had to undergo recanalisation procedures gave additional informed consent which especially included the usage of the excimer laser for recanalisation. A measurement of the walking distance, ankle-brachial systolic pressure index (ABI) and diagnostic angiography was performed in 13 cases before and immediate after as well as 3 and 6 months after therapeutic percutaneous transluminal laser angioplasty followed by balloon angioplasty (PTLA/PTA). In 3 patients the risks of PTLA/PTA was considered too high; those patients underwent surgical repair. Angiographic and clinical improvement was achieved in 13 of 13 patients. The mean walking distance increased from 81 to >400 m. The average ankle-brachial systolic pressure index (ABI) increased from 0.47 to 0.84. One patient developed a dissection of the SFA, and in 1 case a peripheral embolisation was seen. The PTLA/PTA technique is a successful therapeutic option for patients with femoral artery occlusion or high-grade stenosis

  18. Combined application of distal and proximal embolic protection devices in endovascular stenting for severe carotid artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhi-hua DU

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective To analyze and summarize methods and experiences of combined application of distal and proximal embolic protection devices(EPD in endovascular stenting for severe carotid artery stenosis.Methods Five patients with severe stenosis of the common carotid artery or with extracranial segment of the internal carotid artery diagnosed through digital subtraction angiography(DSA from March to July 2010 were involved in the present study.All patients received carotid angioplasty and stenting(CAS,with a combination of distal and proximal EPD via the percutaneous femoral artery approach.Results The operation failed in one patient,whereas technical success with no intraoperative complication was achieved in four patients.The symptoms disappeared or improved in the four cases that achieved technical success.The follow-up duration was one to three months,and no cerebral ischemia was found.Conclusion CAS with the combined application of distal and proximal EPD in some special cases of carotid artery stenosis may surmount the shortage of single EPD,reduce the risk of intraoperative embolization,decrease the time of intraoperative endovascular inflow occlusion,and reduce high-risk operations.CAS may be used as an individualized treatment strategy for patients with carotid artery stenosis.

  19. Comparison of Duplex Ultrasonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Detection of Significant Renal Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miroslav Solař

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of our study was to evaluate duplex ultrasonography (DUS and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA in detection of haemodynamically significant renal artery stenosis (RAS. Methods: The study included patients with high clinical suspicion of renovascular hypertension (RVH. The imaging of renal arteries was performed by DUS, MRA and digital subtraction angiography (DSA. Significant RAS was defined as maximum systolic velocity ≥ 180 cm/sec (DUS or as 60% reduction of the endoluminal arterial diameter (MRA, DSA. The results of DUS and MRA were assessed in respect to the results of DSA. Results: Arterial supply of 186 kidneys in 94 patients was evaluated. DSA revealed significant RAS in 61 kidneys evaluated. DUS was not able to examine arterial supply in 18 kidneys of 13 patients. In the detection of significant RAS, DUS was characterized by sensitivity and specificity of 85 % and 84 %. MRA achieved satisfactory imaging quality in all but one kidney evaluated. The sensitivity and specificity of MRA in the detection of significant RAS was 93 % and 93 %, respectively. Conclusion: In patients with high clinical probability of RVH, MRA proved to be more reliable and superior in both sensitivity and specificity to DUS in the detection of significant RAS.

  20. Pulmonary artery dissection following balloon valvuloplasty in a dog with pulmonic stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grint, K A; Kellihan, H B

    2017-04-01

    A 3-month-old, 9.9 kg, male pit bull cross was referred for evaluation of collapse. A left basilar systolic heart murmur graded V/VI and a grade IV/VI right basilar systolic heart murmur were ausculted. Echocardiography showed severe pulmonic stenosis characterized by annular hypoplasia, leaflet thickening, and leaflet fusion. After 1 month of atenolol therapy, a pulmonic valve balloon valvuloplasty procedure was performed, and the intra-operative right ventricular pressure was reduced by 43%. Echocardiography, performed the following day, showed apparent rupture of a pulmonary valve leaflet and a membranous structure within the pulmonary artery consistent with a dissecting membrane. Short-term follow-up has shown no apparent progression of the pulmonary artery dissection and the patient remains free of clinical signs. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Numerical simulation of pulsatile flow with newtonian and non-newtonian behavior in arterial stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MM Movahedi

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is considerable evidence that vascular fluid dynamics plays an important role in the developmentand prevalence of atherosclerosis which is one of the most widespread disease in humans .The onset and prevalence of atherosclerosis hemodynamic parameter are largely affected by geometric parameters. If any obstacle interferes with the blood flow, the above parameters change dramatically. Most of the arterial diseases, such as atherosclerosis, occur in the arteries with complex patterns of fluid flow where the blood dynamics plays an important role. Arterial stenosis mostly occurs in an area with a complex pattern of fluid flow, such as coronary artery, aorta bifurcation, carotid and vessels of lower limbs. During the past three decades, many experimental studies have been performed on the hemodynamic role of the blood in forming sediment in the inner wall of the vessels. It has been shown that forming sediment in the inner wall of vessels depends on the velocity of fluid and also on the amount of wall shear stress.Methods: We have examined the effect on the blood flow of local stenosis in carotid artery in numerical form using the incompressible Navier-Stockes equations. The profile of the velocity in different parts and times in the pulsatile cycle, separation and reattachment points on the wall, the distance stability of flow and also alteration caused by the wall shear stress in entire vessel were shown and compared with two behaviors flow (Newtonian and Non-Newtonian.Finally we describe the influence of the severity of the stenosis on the separation and reattachmentpoints for a Non-Newtonian fuid. Results: In the present study, we have pointed very low and high oscillating WSS (Wall Shear Stress values play a significant role in the development of forming sediment in the inner wall of vessels. Also, we obtain this probability is higher for Newtonian than Non-Newtonian fluid behavior.Conclusion: Based on our results, the

  2. Resection of Celiac Artery Aneurysm with Bypass Grafting to the Splenic and Common Hepatic Arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pattakos, Gregory; Tolpin, Daniel; Ott, David A

    2017-02-01

    Celiac artery aneurysms are rare and typically warrant surgical treatment. Atherosclerosis is their chief cause. Symptomatic patients usually present with abdominal pain. Surgical resection of celiac artery aneurysms is associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. We report the case of a patient whose 2.2-cm celiac artery aneurysm we resected, with subsequent saphenous vein bypass grafting from the celiac trunk to the splenic and common hepatic arteries. In addition, we briefly discuss other treatment options.

  3. Decrease of Glomerular Filtration Rate may be Attributed to the Microcirculation Damage in Renal Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao-Jian Dong

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The decrease of glomerular filtration rate has been theoretically supposed to be the result of low perfusion in renal artery stenosis (RAS. But the gap between artery stenosis and the glomerular filtration ability is still unclear. Methods: Patients with selective renal artery angiogram were divided by the degree of renal artery narrowing, level of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR, respectively. The different levels of eGFR, renal microcirculation markers, and RAS severity were compared with each other, to determine the relationships among them. Results: A total of 215 consecutive patients were enrolled in the prospective cohort study. Concentrations of microcirculation markers had no significant difference between RAS group (RAS ≥ 50% and no RAS group (RAS < 50% or did not change correspondingly to RAS severity. The value of eGFR in RAS group was lower than that in the no RAS group, but it did not decline parallel to the progressive severity of RAS. The microcirculation markers presented integral difference if grouped by different eGFR level with negative tendency, especially that plasma cystatin C (cysC and urinary microalbumin to creatinine ratio (mACR increased with the deterioration of eGFR, with strong (r = −0.713, P < 0.001 and moderate (r = −0.580, P < 0.001 correlations. In the subgroup analysis of severe RAS (RAS ≥ 80%, the levels of plasma cysC and urinary mACR demonstrated stronger negative associations with eGFR, (r = −0.827, P < 0.001 and (r = −0.672, P < 0.001 correlations, respectively. Conclusions: Severity of RAS could not accurately predict the value of eGFR, whereas microcirculation impairment may substantially contribute to the glomerular filtration loss in patients with RAS.

  4. Detection of severe left anterior descending coronary artery stenosis by transthoracic evaluation of resting coronary flow velocity dynamics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edward G. Abinader

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available In the presence of severe stenosis, coronary artery flow may be reduced at rest. Recent advances in echocardiography have made non-invasive sampling of velocities in the left an­terior descending coronary artery (LAD possible. The aim of our study was to evaluate feasi­bility and capability of transthoracic Doppler to detect severe stenosis of the LAD. The study population consisted of 42 subjects with suspected coronary artery disease scheduled for coronary angiography. All had complete transthoracic echocardiography and Doppler sampling of LAD velocities. Quantitative cor­onary angiography was performed within 24 hours of the echocardiogram. Correlations between LAD velocity profile, measurements and calculations, and the angiographic results were performed. Six subjects had LAD occlusion, 10 had severe (>80% diameter LAD stenosis, and 26 had normal or non-occlusive LAD disease. In all six subjects with LAD occlusion, distal LAD velocities were not detectable, while in the other 36 subjects, LAD velocities were recorded indicating the vessels were patent. In the 10 subjects with severe LAD stenosis, the diastolic/systolic velocity ratio was <1.5, while in those with non-signifi­cant LAD disease, the diastolic/systolic velocity ratio was >1.5 (P<0.005. Diastolic LAD flow was 21.8±13 mL/min in the presence of severe stenosis as compared to 48.5±20 mL/min in subjects without severe stenosis (P<0.0013. LAD velocities had high sensitiv­ity and specificity for the prediction of severe angiographic stenosis. Thus transthoracic Doppler measurement of LAD velocities is feas­ible and can predict the presence of severe LAD stenosis or occlusion.

  5. Computational hemodynamic study of intracranial aneurysms coexistent with proximal artery stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castro, Marcelo A.; Peloc, Nora L.; Putman, Christopher M.; Cebral, Juan R.

    2012-03-01

    Intracranial aneurysms and artery stenosis are vascular diseases with different pathophysiological characteristics. However, although unusual, aneurysms may coexist in up to 5% of patients with stenotic plaque, according to a previous study. Another study showed that incidental detection of cerebral aneurysm in the same cerebral circulation as the stenotic plaque was less than 2%. Patients with concomitant carotid artery stenosis and unruptured intracranial aneurysms pose a difficult management decision for the physician. Case reports showed patients who died due to aneurysm rupture months after endarterectomy but before aneurysm clipping, while others did not show any change in the aneurysm after plaque removal, having optimum outcome after aneurysm coiling. The purpose of this study is to investigate the intraaneurysmal hemodynamic changes before and after treatment of stenotic plaque. Idealized models were constructed with different stenotic grade, distance and relative position to the aneurysm. Digital removal of the stenotic plaque was performed in the reconstructed model of a patient with both pathologies. Computational fluid dynamic simulations were performed using a finite element method approach. Blood velocity field and hemodynamic forces were recorded and analyzed. Changes in the flow patterns and wall shear stress values and distributions were observed in both ideal and image-based models. Detailed investigation of wall shear stress distributions in patients with both pathologies is required to make the best management decision.

  6. Intestinal brucellosis associated with celiac artery and superior mesenteric artery stenosis and with ileum mucosa and submucosa thickening: A case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Miaoqian; Zhu, Qingli; Yang, Qian; Li, Wenbo; Wang, Xinning; Liu, Wei; Zhou, Baotong; Li, Zhenghong; Yang, Hong

    2017-01-01

    Brucellosis is a multisystem infection found worldwide that has a broad range of characteristics, which range from acute fever and hepatomegaly to chronic infections that most commonly affect the central nervous system, cardiovascular system, or skeletal system. Gastrointestinal and splanchnic artery involvements in brucellosis are relatively uncommon. We report a case of brucellosis in an adolescent presenting as intermittent abdominal pain, diarrhea, and fever, with intestinal tract involvement. And stenosis of the celiac artery and the superior mesenteric artery was found after exposed to risk factors of Brucella infection. Splanchnic vessels stenosis and an endothelial lesion may exacerbate the prevalent symptom of abdominal pain, as a form of colic pain, occurring after eating. The patient was diagnosed as brucellosis. The narrowing of the SMA and CA was suspected to be vasculitis secondary to the brucellosis. The patient was treated with minocycline and rifampicin for 12 weeks totally. The gastrointestinal manifestations of brucellosis recovered rapidly under intensive treatment. However, follow-up imaging revealed that the superior mesenteric artery and celiac artery stenosis was unimproved. In brucellosis, gastrointestinal manifestations may be the only observable features of the disease. Splanchnic arterial stenosis is a rare complication of brucellosis. Sonography and computed tomography may be useful for both diagnosis and follow-up.

  7. Spontaneous Hepatic Rupture Associated with Preeclampsia: Treatment with Hepatic Artery Embolization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Seung Boo; Goo, Dong Erk; Chang, Yun Woo; Kim, Yong Jae; Hwang, In Cheol; Han, Hyo Sang; Yoon, Jong Hyun; Lee, Tae Il [Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Gumi (Korea, Republic of)

    2010-02-15

    Spontaneous rupture of the liver due to preeclampsia is a rare condition of pregnant women, and it can be very dangerous if not treated. We report here on a case of successfully treating spontaneous liver rupture associated with preeclampsia by performing transcatheter hepatic arterial embolization. A 41-year-old woman with spontaneous rupture of the liver associated with preeclampsia was treated by hepatic arterial embolization

  8. An unexpected evolution of symptomatic mild middle cerebral artery (MCA stenosis: asymptomatic occlusion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malferrari Giovanni

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The intracranial localization of large artery disease is recognized as the main cause of ischemic stroke in the world, considering all countries, although its global burden is widely underestimated. Indeed it has been reported more frequently in Asians and African-American people, but the finding of intracranial stenosis as a cause of ischemic stroke is relatively common also in Caucasians. The prognosis of patients with stroke due to intracranial steno-occlusion is strictly dependent on the time of recanalization. Moreover, the course of the vessel involvement is highly dynamic in both directions, improvement or worsening, although several data are derived from the atherosclerotic subtype, compared to other causes. Case description We report the clinical, neurosonological and neuroradiological findings of a young woman, who came to our Stroke Unit because of the abrupt onset of aphasia during her work. An urgent neurosonological examination showed a left M1 MCA stenosis, congruent with the presenting symptoms; magnetic resonance imaging confirmed this finding and identified an acute ischemic lesion on the left MCA territory. The past history of the patient was significant only for a hyperinsulinemic condition, treated with metformine, and a mild overweight. At this time a selective cerebral angiography was not performed because of the patient refusal and she was discharged on antiplatelet and lipid-lowering therapy, having failed to identify autoimmune or inflammatory diseases. Within 1 month, she went back to our attention because of the recurrence of aphasia, lasting about ten minutes. Neuroimaging findings were unchanged, but the patient accepted to undergo a selective cerebral angiography, which showed a mild left distal M1 MCA stenosis. During the follow-up the patient did not experienced any recurrence, but a routine neurosonological examination found an unexpected evolution of the known MCA stenosis, i.e. left M1 MCA

  9. Association between leukoaraiosis and cerebral blood flow territory alteration in asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Y-F; Kuo, Y-S; Wu, W-C; Tang, S-C; Jiang, S-F

    2018-01-09

    To test the hypothesis that leukoaraiosis (also known as white matter lesion) is associated with cerebral blood flow territory change as revealed by territorial arterial spin-labeling (TASL) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with asymptomatic internal carotid artery stenosis (aICAS). The institutional review board approved this study. Thirty-three patients with aICAS were included prospectively and divided into high-grade (ultrasonographic stenosis ≥70%, n=17) and low-grade (n=16) groups; 16 healthy subjects were also included. Cerebral flow territory was delineated for left ICA, right ICA, and vertebral arteries using TASL MRI and fuzzy clustering. Two licensed neuroradiologists independently and dichotomously rated the hemispherical asymmetry of flow territories. Flow territories were finalised by consensus, and when asymmetry was present, these were divided into normal and abnormal areas where the raters separately assessed leukoaraiosis based on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images and the Fazekas scale. The inter-rater agreement in the evaluation of flow territory asymmetry with TASL imaging in conjunction with time-of-flight angiogram is substantial (Cohen's kappa=0.82). Multinomial logistic regression (reference group=healthy subjects) indicates that global leukoaraiosis is not a predictor of aICAS after controlling for age, whereas in high-grade patients, the deep white matter lesion is more severe in the area receiving collateral circulation than in the area with normal flow territory (Wilcoxon signed-rank test, p=0.03). TASL MRI is clinically feasible in aICAS and shows that more severe deep white matter lesions are associated with collateral circulation in high-grade patients. Copyright © 2017 The Royal College of Radiologists. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Renal artery stenosis in kidney transplants: assessment of the risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghabili K

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Jalal Etemadi1, Khosro Rahbar2, Ali Nobakht Haghighi2, Nazila Bagheri2, Kianoosh Falaknazi2, Mohammad Reza Ardalan1, Kamyar Ghabili3, Mohammadali M Shoja31Department of Nephrology, Dialysis and Transplantation, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, 2Department of Nephrology, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, 3Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, IranBackground: Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS is an important cause of hypertension and renal allograft dysfunction occurring in kidney transplant recipients. However, conflicting predisposing risk factors for TRAS have been reported in the literature.Objective: The aim of the present study was to assess the potential correlation between possible risk factors and TRAS in a group of living donor renal transplant recipients 1 year after the renal transplantation.Methods: We evaluated the presence of renal artery stenosis in 16 recipients who presented with refractory hypertension and/or allograft dysfunction 1 year after renal transplantation. Screening for TRAS was made by magnetic resonance angiography and diagnosis was confirmed by conventional renal angiography. Age, gender, history of acute rejection, plasma lipid profile, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, serum uric acid, calcium phosphate (CaPO4 product, alkaline phosphatase, fasting blood sugar, hemoglobin, and albumin were compared between the TRAS and non-TRAS groups.Results: Of 16 kidney transplant recipients, TRAS was diagnosed in three patients (two men and one woman. High levels of calcium, phosphorous, CaPO4 product, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL cholesterol were significantly correlated with the risk of TRAS 1 year after renal transplantation (P < 0.05. Serum level of uric acid tended to have a significant correlation (P = 0.051.Conclusion: Correlation between high CaPO4 product, LDL cholesterol, and perhaps uric acid and TRAS in living

  11. ACE inhibition is superior to angiotensin receptor blockade for renography in renal artery stenosis

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    Karanikas, Georgios; Becherer, Alexander; Wiesner, Karoline; Dudczak, Robert; Kletter, Kurt [Department of Nuclear Medicine, University of Vienna (Austria)

    2002-03-01

    Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors as well as angiotensin II receptor antagonists are able to prevent the vasoconstrictive effect of angiotensin II on the efferent renal vessels, which is believed to play an important role in renovascular hypertension. This effect is assumed to be essential for the demonstration of renovascular hypertension by captopril renography. In this study, renographic changes induced by captopril and the AT1 receptor antagonist valsartan were compared in patients with a high probability for renovascular hypertension. Twenty-five patients with 33 stenosed renal arteries (grade of stenosis >50%) and hypertension were studied. Captopril, valsartan and baseline renography were performed within 48 h using technetium-99m mercaptoacetyltriglycine. Blood pressure was monitored, plasma renin concentration before and after intervention was determined and urinary flow was estimated from the urinary output of the hydrated patients. Alterations in renographic curves after intervention were evaluated according to the Santa Fe consensus on ACE inhibitor renography. Captopril renography was positive, indicating renovascular hypertension, in 25 of the 33 stenosed vessels, whereas valsartan renography was positive in only ten. Blood pressure during captopril and valsartan renography was not different; reduction in blood pressure was the same after valsartan and captopril. Plasma renin concentration was comparable for valsartan and captopril studies, showing suppressed values after intervention in as many as 12 of the 25 patients. Urinary flow after valsartan was higher than after captopril (P<0.05). However, this difference could not explain the markedly higher sensitivity of captopril compared with valsartan in demonstrating renal artery stenosis. In 14 of the 25 patients, blood pressure response to revascularisation was monitored, showing a much better predictive value for captopril renography. It is concluded that captopril renography is much

  12. Surgical Treatment of 13-year-old Patient with Coronary Artery Disease and Supravalvular Aortic Stenosis with Familial Hypercholesterolemia

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    Yüksel Atay

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Familial hypercholesterolemia is a genetic disorder caused by a mutation in low density lipoprotein (LDL gene. The homozygous type of the disease is rare and causes tendon xanthomas and coronary artery disease during the early years of life. Because of that, some of these patients needs early coronary revascularization. We presented 13-year-old patient who underwent coronary artery bypass graft due to familial hypercholesterolemia and repair of supravalvular aortic stenosis at the same time.

  13. Medial arterial calcification, calcific aortic stenosis and mitral annular calcification in a diabetic patient with severe autonomic neuropathy.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cronin, C C

    2012-02-03

    Medial arterial calcification (Monckeberg\\'s arteriosclerosis) is well described in diabetic patients with autonomic neuropathy. There is also a high prevalence of diabetes mellitus among subjects with calcific aortic stenosis and mitral annular calcification. We describe a diabetic patient with autonomic neuropathy and extensive medial arterial calcification who also had calcification of the aortic valve and of the mitral valve annulus. We propose that autonomic neuropathy may play a role in calcification of these structures at the base of the heart.

  14. Microparticle-Induced Coagulation Relates to Coronary Artery Atherosclerosis in Severe Aortic Valve Stenosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patrick Horn

    Full Text Available Circulating microparticles (MPs derived from endothelial cells and blood cells bear procoagulant activity and promote thrombin generation. Thrombin exerts proinflammatory effects mediating the progression of atherosclerosis. Aortic valve stenosis may represent an atherosclerosis-like process involving both the aortic valve and the vascular system. The aim of this study was to investigate whether MP-induced thrombin generation is related to coronary atherosclerosis and aortic valve calcification.In a cross-sectional study of 55 patients with severe aortic valve stenosis, we assessed the coronary calcification score (CAC as indicator of total coronary atherosclerosis burden, and aortic valve calcification (AVC by computed tomography. Thrombin-antithrombin complex (TATc levels were measured as a marker for thrombin formation. Circulating MPs were characterized by flow cytometry according to the expression of established surface antigens and by measuring MP-induced thrombin generation.Patients with CAC score below the median were classified as patients with low CAC, patients with CAC Score above the median as high CAC. In patients with high CAC compared to patients with low CAC we detected higher levels of TATc, platelet-derived MPs (PMPs, endothelial-derived MPs (EMPs and MP-induced thrombin generation. Increased level of PMPs and MP-induced thrombin generation were independent predictors for the severity of CAC. In contrast, AVC Score did not differ between patients with high and low CAC and did neither correlate with MPs levels nor with MP-induced thrombin generation.In patients with severe aortic valve stenosis MP-induced thrombin generation was independently associated with the severity of CAC but not AVC indicating different pathomechanisms involved in coronary artery and aortic valve calcification.

  15. Total Pancreatectomy with Celiac Axis Resection and Hepatic Artery Restoration Using Splenic Artery Autograft Interposition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aosasa, Suefumi; Nishikawa, Makoto; Noro, Takuji; Yamamoto, Junji

    2016-03-01

    Although the indication of locally advanced pancreatic cancer with arterial involvement is controversial, the outcome of the patients with such disease treated by combined resection and reconstruction of the invaded artery has improved recently. For pancreatic body carcinoma invading the celiac axis, distal pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection has been safely performed. However, in case of pancreatic body carcinoma with involvement of the celiac axis, the common hepatic artery and the gastroduodenal artery, margin-negative resection requires total pancreatectomy with celiac axis resection and restoration of hepatic arterial flow. Here, we describe an interposition grafting technique using the splenic artery harvested from the resected specimen. This technique is effective and may widen the resectability of pancreatic cancer in selected patients.

  16. Microbubble ultrasound contrast in the assessment of hepatic artery patency following liver transplantation: role in reducing frequency of hepatic artery arteriography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidhu, Paul S; Shaw, Ashley S; Ellis, Stephen M; Karani, John B; Ryan, Suzanne M

    2004-01-01

    We prospectively evaluated the role of microbubble ultrasound contrast for detection of hepatic artery thrombosis following liver transplantation. The hepatic artery of adult liver transplant recipients with suspected thrombosis on surveillance Doppler ultrasound (US) were re-examined by a second observer. In patients with no hepatic spectral Doppler signal the microbubble contrast agent Levovist was used. The presence or absence of flow following microbubble contrast was evaluated against arteriography or repeated Doppler US findings. A total of 794 surveillance Doppler US examinations were performed in 231 patients. Hepatic artery flow was demonstrated in 759 of 794 (95.6%) examinations. Microbubble ultrasound contrast was administered in 31 patients (35 studies) with suspected hepatic artery thrombosis. Following microbubble US contrast the hepatic artery could not be demonstrated in 13 of 35 (37.1%) studies (12 patients). Eight patients had arteriography: there was hepatic artery thrombosis in 7 patients and 1 patient had a patent, highly attenuated artery. Detection of a patent hepatic artery increased from 759 of 794 (95.6%) to 781 of 794 (98.4%) with the addition of microbubble contrast. Upon independent reading of the data, the degree of operator confidence in the assessment of the hepatic artery patency prior to microbubble contrast was 4.7 (CI 1.92-7.5) but rose to 8.45 (CI 7.06-9.84) following microbubble contrast ( pUltrasound microbubble contrast media may reduce the need for invasive arteriography in the assessment of suspected hepatic artery thrombosis.

  17. Serum ox-LDL Level is Reduced with the Extent of Stenosis in Coronary Arteries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Najafi

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Oxidized LDL (ox-LDL lipoproteins are proposed as important modified particles triggering pro-inflammatory events through receptor-mediated pathways. We evaluated the circulating ox-LDL level on the concept that the chronic immune events may affect ox-LDL clearance as the vessel stenosis develops in coronary arteries. One hundred sixty five subjects underwent coronary angiography and then, subdivided into four subgroups controls (n=85; SVD, 2VD and 3VD (n=80. The serum ox-LDL level and other biochemical parameters were measured using ELISA method and routine laboratory techniques, respectively. The serum ox-LDL level in the control group (4.81±1.41 mU/mg was significantly higher than patients (4.28±1.73 mU/mg, P<0.05. The ox-LDL/LDL ratio was conversely reduced with the extent of stenosis as compared with the controls (P<0.05. Furthermore, no difference was observed in the ox-LDL/LDL ratio between the 2VD and 3VD patients. We suggested the atherosclerosis process increases the total clearing capacities of the circulating ox-LDL particles.

  18. Exercise training attenuates right ventricular remodeling in rats with pulmonary arterial stenosis

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    Brunno Lemes

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Pulmonary arterial stenosis (PAS is a congenital defect that causes outflow tract obstruction of the right ventricle (RV. Currently, negative issues are reported in the PAS management: not all patients may be eligible to surgeries; there is often the need for another surgery during passage to adulthood; patients with mild stenosis may have later cardiac adverse repercussions. Thus, the search for approaches to counteract the long-term PAS effects showed to be a current target. At the study herein, we evaluated the cardioprotective role of exercise training in rats submitted to PAS for 9 weeks. Methods & Results: Exercise resulted in improved physical fitness and systolic RV function. Exercise also blunted concentric cavity changes, diastolic dysfunction, and fibrosis induced by PAS. Exercise additional benefits were also reported in a pro-survival signal, in which there were increased Akt1 activity and normalized myocardial apoptosis. These findings were accompanied by microRNA-1 downregulation and microRNA-21 upregulation. Moreover, exercise was associated with a higher myocardial abundance of the sarcomeric protein α-MHC and proteins that modulate calcium handling - ryanodine receptor and Serca 2, supporting the potential role of exercise in improving myocardial performance. Conclusion: Our results represent the first demonstration that exercise can attenuate the RV remodeling in an experimental PAS. The cardioprotective effects were associated with positive modulation of RV function, survival signaling pathway, apoptosis, and proteins involved in the regulation of myocardial contractility.

  19. 3D printing of intracranial artery stenosis based on the source images of magnetic resonance angiograph.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Wei-Hai; Liu, Jia; Li, Ming-Li; Sun, Zhao-Yong; Chen, Jie; Wu, Jian-Huang

    2014-08-01

    Three dimensional (3D) printing techniques for brain diseases have not been widely studied. We attempted to 'print' the segments of intracranial arteries based on magnetic resonance imaging. Three dimensional magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) was performed on two patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis. Using scale-adaptive vascular modeling, 3D vascular models were constructed from the MRA source images. The magnified (ten times) regions of interest (ROI) of the stenotic segments were selected and fabricated by a 3D printer with a resolution of 30 µm. A survey to 8 clinicians was performed to evaluate the accuracy of 3D printing results as compared with MRA findings (4 grades, grade 1: consistent with MRA and provide additional visual information; grade 2: consistent with MRA; grade 3: not consistent with MRA; grade 4: not consistent with MRA and provide probable misleading information). If a 3D printing vessel segment was ideally matched to the MRA findings (grade 2 or 1), a successful 3D printing was defined. Seven responders marked "grade 1" to 3D printing results, while one marked "grade 4". Therefore, 87.5% of the clinicians considered the 3D printing were successful. Our pilot study confirms the feasibility of using 3D printing technique in the research field of intracranial artery diseases. Further investigations are warranted to optimize this technique and translate it into clinical practice.

  20. Mitral valve prolapse associated with celiac artery stenosis: a new ultrasonographic syndrome?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arcari Luciano

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Celiac artery stenosis (CAS may be caused by atherosclerotic degeneration or compression exerted by the arched ligament of the diaphragm. Mitral valve prolapse (MVP is the most common valvular disorder. There are no reports on an association between CAS and MVP. Methods 1560 (41% out of 3780 consecutive patients undergoing echocardiographic assessment of MVP, had Doppler sonography of the celiac tract to detect CAS. Results CAS was found in 57 (3.7% subjects (23 males and 34 females none of whom complained of symptoms related to visceral ischemia. MVP was observed in 47 (82.4% subjects with and 118 (7.9% without CAS (p Conclusion CAS and MVP seem to be significantly associated in patients undergoing consecutive ultrasonographic screening.

  1. Influence of Metallic Nanoparticles on Blood Flow Through Arteries Having Both Stenosis and Aneurysm.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadeem, S; Ijaz, S

    2015-09-01

    The main objective of the present paper is to discuss the blood flow analysis through inclined arteries by treating its nature as viscous fluid. The effects of both dilatation and constriction are considered to investigate the behavior of the both abnormal wall segments with variable nanofluid viscosity. The nonlinear momentum equation for proposed model is simplified by considering the nondimensionless parameters to find the exact solutions of the formulated problem. The main hemodynamic effects of stenosis and aneurysm are discussed for different values of the interest by plotting the graphs of wall shear stress and resistance impedance to flow and opposite behavior is observed for both cases. The results also reveal that the nanoparticles with high concentration are important to reduce the resistance impedance to blood flow. The graphs of stream lines show the formation of bolus appears in the aneurysm segment but no formation is observed or seen in the stenotic segment.

  2. Splanchnic artery stenosis and abdominal complaints: clinical history is of limited value in detection of gastrointestinal ischemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ter Steege, R W F; Sloterdijk, H S; Geelkerken, R H; Huisman, A B; van der Palen, J; Kolkman, J J

    2012-04-01

    Splanchnic artery stenosis is common and mostly asymptomatic and may lead to gastrointestinal ischemia (chronic splanchnic syndrome, CSS). This study was designed to assess risk factors for CSS in the medical history of patients with splanchnic artery stenosis and whether these risk factors can be used to identify patients with high and low risk of CSS. All patients referred for suspected CSS underwent a standardized workup, including a medical history with questionnaire, duplex ultrasound, gastrointestinal tonometry, and angiography. Definitive diagnosis and treatment advice was made in a multidisciplinary team. Patients with confirmed CSS were compared with no-CSS patients. A total of 270 patients (102 M, 168 F; mean age, 53 years) with splanchnic artery stenosis were analyzed, of whom 109 (40%) had CSS and 161 no CSS. CSS-patients more often reported postprandial pain (87% vs. 72%, p = 0.007), weight loss (85% vs. 70%, p = 0.006), adapted eating pattern (90% vs. 79%, p = 0.005) and diarrhea (35% vs. 22%, p = 0.023). If none of these risk factors were present, the probability of CSS was 13%; if all were present, the probability was 60%. Adapted eating pattern (odds ratio (OR) 3.1; 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.08-8.88) and diarrhea (OR 2.6; 95% CI 1.31-5.3) were statistically significant in multivariate analysis. In patients with splanchnic artery stenosis, the clinical history is of limited value for detection of CSS. A diagnostic test to detect ischemia is indispensable for proper selection of patients with splanchnic artery stenosis who might benefit from treatment.

  3. Transcatheter Arterial Embolization Alone for Giant Hepatic Hemangioma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Jun-Hui; Nie, Chun-Hui; Zhang, Yue-Lin; Zhou, Guan-Hui; Ai, Jing; Zhou, Tan-Yang; Zhu, Tong-Yin; Zhang, Ai-Bin; Wang, Wei-Lin; Zheng, Shu-Sen

    2015-01-01

    Giant hepatic hemangioma is a benign liver condition that may be treated using surgery. We studied the digital subtraction angiographic (DSA) characteristics of giant hepatic hemangioma, and the effectiveness of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) alone for its treatment. This was a retrospective study of 27 patients diagnosed with giant hepatic hemangioma and treated with TAE alone (using lipiodol mixed with pingyangmycin) at the Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, between January 2010 and March 2013. The feeding arteries were identified using DSA. All patients were followed up for between three weeks and 12 months. Changes in tumor diameter and symptoms were observed. The 27 patients included had giant hepatic hemangiomas ranging from 5.3 to 24.5 cm (mean, 11.24±5.08 cm) in the right (n = 13), left (n = 1) or both (n = 13) lobes. Preoperative hepatic angiography showed multiple abnormal vascular lakes in the early phase, known as the "early leaving but late returning, hanging nut on a twig" sign. On the day after TAE, hepatic transaminase levels were increased (ALT: 22.69±17.95 to 94.88±210.32 U/L; ALT: 24.00±12.37 to 99.70±211.54 U/L; both Phepatic hemangioma. TAE may be a useful alternative to surgery for the treatment of hepatic hemangioma.

  4. Non-contrast-enhanced MRA of renal artery stenosis: validation against DSA in a porcine model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bley, T.A. [University of Wuerzburg, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Wuerzburg (Germany); University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); Francois, C.J.; Schiebler, M.L. [University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); Wieben, O.; Del Rio, A.M.; Grist, T.M. [University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); University of Wisconsin, Department of Medical Physics, Madison, WI (United States); Takei, N. [GE Healthcare, MR Applied Sciences Laboratory, Tokyo (Japan); Brittain, J.H. [University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); GE Healthcare, MR Applied Sciences Laboratory, Madison, WI (United States); Reeder, S.B. [University of Wisconsin, Department of Radiology, Madison, WI (United States); University of Wisconsin, Department of Medical Physics, Madison, WI (United States); University of Wisconsin, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Madison, WI (United States); University of Wisconsin, Department of Medicine, Madison, WI (United States); University of Wisconsin, Department of Emergency Medicine, Madison, WI (United States)

    2016-02-15

    To compare 3D-inversion-recovery balanced steady-state free precession (IR-bSSFP) non-contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with 3D-contrast-enhanced MRA (CE-MRA) for assessment of renal artery stenosis (RAS) using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as the reference standard. Bilateral RAS were surgically created in 12 swine. IR-bSSFP and CE-MRA were acquired at 1.5 T and compared to rotational DSA. Three experienced cardiovascular radiologists evaluated the IR-bSSFP and CE-MRA studies independently. Linear regression models were used to calibrate and assess the accuracy of IR-bSSFP and CE-MRA, separately, against DSA. The coefficient of determination and Cohen's kappa coefficient were also generated. Calibration of the three readers' RAS grading revealed R{sup 2} values of 0.52, 0.37 and 0.59 for NCE-MRA and 0.48, 0.53 and 0.71 for CE-MRA. Inter-rater agreement demonstrated Cohen's kappa values ranging from 0.25 to 0.65. Distal renal artery branch vessels were visible to a significantly higher degree with NCE-MRA compared to CE-MRA (p < 0.001). Image quality was rated excellent for both sequences, although image noise was higher with CE-MRA (p < 0.05). In no cases did noise interfere with image interpretation. In a well-controlled animal model of surgically induced RAS, IR-bSSFP based NCE-MRA and CE-MRA accurately graded RAS with a tendency for stenosis overestimation, compared to DSA. (orig.)

  5. Carotid Stenting Versus Endarterectomy for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moresoli, Paola; Habib, Bettina; Reynier, Pauline; Secrest, Matthew H; Eisenberg, Mark J; Filion, Kristian B

    2017-08-01

    There is no consensus on the comparative efficacy and safety of carotid artery stenting (CAS) versus carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. To evaluate CAS versus CEA in asymptomatic patients, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. We systematically searched EMBASE, PubMed, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials comparing CAS to CEA in asymptomatic patients using a pre-specified protocol. Two independent reviewers identified randomized controlled trials meeting our inclusion/exclusion criteria, extracted relevant data, and assessed quality using the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Random effects models with inverse-variance weighting were used to estimate pooled risk ratios (RRs) comparing the incidences of periprocedural and long-term outcomes between CAS and CEA. We identified 11 reports of 5 randomized controlled trials for inclusion (n=3019) asymptomatic patients. The pooled incidences of any periprocedural stroke (RR, 1.84; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.99-3.40), periprocedural nondisabling stroke (RR, 1.95; 95% CI, 0.98-3.89), and any periprocedural stroke or death (RR, 1.72; 95% CI, 0.95-3.11) trended toward an increased risk after CAS. We could not rule out clinically significant differences between treatments for long-term stroke (RR, 1.24; 95% CI, 0.76-2.03) and the composite outcome of periprocedural stroke, death or myocardial infarction, or long-term ipsilateral stroke (RR, 0.92; 95% CI, 0.70-1.21). Although uncertainty surrounds the long-term outcomes of CAS versus CEA, the potential for increased risks of periprocedural stroke and periprocedural stroke or death with CAS suggests that CEA is the preferred option for the management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  6. Correlation of ascending aorta elasticity and the severity of coronary artery stenosis in hypertensive patients with coronary heart disease assessed by M-mode and tissue Doppler echocardiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Qixiu; Liu, Houlin

    2015-03-01

    The main objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between ascending aorta elasticity and the severity of coronary artery stenosis in essential hypertensive patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) using M-mode and tissue Doppler echocardiography. A total of 184 hypertensive patients with CHD were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups based on the severity of coronary stenosis measured by coronary arteriography (CAG): slight stenosis (group 1), moderate stenosis (group 2) and serious stenosis (group 3). M-mode and tissue Doppler echocardiography were performed, and elasticity indexes of ascending aorta including stiffness index, distensibility index, and S wave speed of anterior wall were calculated and correlated with the severity of coronary stenosis. Ascending aorta stiffness index was increased, whereas distensibility index and S wave speed of anterior wall were decreased in moderate and severe stenosis groups compared with slight stenosis group (P Elasticity indexes change in a stepwise pattern with the narrowness of coronary artery, and there was a significant correlation between aortic elasticity and severity of coronary artery by Pearson correlation analysis (P Elasticity indexes of ascending aorta correlate well with severity of coronary stenosis. Elasticity indexes of ascending aorta can serve as predictors for coronary arterial lesion in hypertensive patients.

  7. Association of Lp-PLA2 Mass and Aysmptomatic Intracranial and Extracranial Arterial Stenosis in Hypertension Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Yan; Zhang, Jin; Qian, Yuesheng; Tang, Xiaofeng; Ling, Huawei; Chen, Kemin; Gao, Pingjin; Zhu, Dingliang

    2015-01-01

    Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is a common cause of ischemic stroke in Asians, whereas whites tend to have more extracranial lesions. Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) has been associated with ischemic stroke by a large amount of work. However, there are few studies focusing on the relationship of Lp-PLA2 and asymptomatic ICAS or extracranial arterial stenosis (ECAS). Wehereby sought to explore the relationship of Lp-PLA2 and ICAS, ECAS and concurrent stenosis in stroke-free hypertensive patients in Chinese population. All the subjects were evaluated for the presence and severity of ICAS and ECAS through computerized tomographic angiography (CTA) covered the whole brain down to the level of aortic arch. Lp-PLA2 mass was measured by enzyme linked immunoassay. The association of Lp-PLA2 and vascular stenosis was analyzed through multivariate logistic regression. Among 414 participants, 163 (39.4%) had no ICAS or ECAS, 63 (15.2%) had ECAS only, 111 (26.8%) had ICAS only and 77 (18.6%) had concurrent extraintracranial stenosis. Lp-PLA2 mass was significantly associated with isolated ICAS (OR: 2.3; 95% CI: 1.14-4.64), and concurrent stenosis (OR: 3.93; 95% CI: 1.62-9.51), but was not related to isolated ECAS (OR: 1.54; 95% CI: 0.68-3.48). Lp-PLA2 mass was also associated with moderate to severe ICAS no matter how was the ECAS. Moreover, patients with higher Lp-PLA2 mass showed more sever ICAS and had more intracranial arterial lesions. This study revealed the association of Lp-PLA2 mass with ICAS in stroke-free hypertensive patients in Chinese population. The further long-term cohort study was warranted to elucidate the concrete effect of Lp-PLA2 on the asymptomatic ICAS.

  8. Anatomical variations of hepatic arterial system, coeliac trunk and renal arteries: an analysis with multidetector CT angiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ugurel, M S; Battal, B; Bozlar, U; Nural, M S; Tasar, M; Ors, F; Saglam, M; Karademir, I

    2010-08-01

    The purpose of our investigation was to determine the anatomical variations in the coeliac trunk-hepatic arterial system and the renal arteries in patients who underwent multidetector CT (MDCT) angiography of the abdominal aorta for various reasons. A total of 100 patients were analysed retrospectively. The coeliac trunk, hepatic arterial system and renal arteries were analysed individually and anatomical variations were recorded. Statistical analysis of the relationship between hepatocoeliac variations and renal artery variations was performed using a chi(2) test. There was a coeliac trunk trifurcation in 89% and bifurcation in 8% of the cases. Coeliac trunk was absent in 1%, a hepatosplenomesenteric trunk was seen in 1% and a splenomesenteric trunk was present in 1%. Hepatic artery variation was present in 48% of patients. Coeliac trunk and/or hepatic arterial variation was present in 23 (39.7%) of the 58 patients with normal renal arteries, and in 27 (64.3%) of the 42 patients with accessory renal arteries. There was a statistically significant correlation between renal artery variations and coeliac trunk-hepatic arterial system variations (p = 0.015). MDCT angiography permits a correct and detailed evaluation of hepatic and renal vascular anatomy. The prevalence of variations in the coeliac trunk and/or hepatic arteries is increased in people with accessory renal arteries. For that reason, when undertaking angiographic examinations directed towards any single organ, the possibility of variations in the vascular structure of other organs should be kept in mind.

  9. Stentgraft Implantation for the Treatment of Postoperative Hepatic Artery Pseudoaneurysm

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersoli, F., E-mail: fpedersoli@ukaachen.de; Isfort, P.; Keil, S.; Goerg, F.; Zimmermann, M.; Liebl, M.; Schulze-Hagen, M. [RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Schmeding, M. [RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Clinic for General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery (Germany); Kuhl, C. K.; Bruners, P. [RWTH Aachen University Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)

    2016-04-15

    PurposeHepatic artery pseudoaneurysms are a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of major pancreaticobiliary surgery. We evaluated the safety and efficacy of endovascular stentgraft implantation for the management of such vascular lesions.Materials and MethodsBetween May 2013 and October 2015, ten patients with postoperative hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm, of which eight presented with active hemorrhage, were treated with endovascular stentgraft implantation. All patients had undergone major pancreatic or hepatic surgery before (pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy, pancreatectomy, hemihepatectomy, extended hemihepatectomy). The pseudoaneurysms were diagnosed 13–202 days after surgery and were associated with postsurgical complications (e.g., leakage of pancreaticojejunal anastomosis).ResultsIn 9/10 patients, the pseudoaneurysm was completely excluded via stentgraft implantation. In 1/10 patient, the pseudoaneurysm ruptured during the procedure and was successfully treated by immediate open surgery. In 1/10 patient, a second intervention was performed after 6 days because of rebleeding; this was successfully treated by implantation of a second overlapping stentgraft. Mean follow-up time is 51 days. None of the patients died due to stentgraft- or aneurysm-related complications. Further episodes of hemorrhage were not observed. In one patient, clinically asymptomatic complete occlusion of the stentgraft was discovered at follow-up imaging.ConclusionStentgraft implantation is a safe and effective technique to treat hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms related to major pancreatic or hepatic surgery, especially in the setting of acute hemorrhage.

  10. Internal mammary artery dilatation in a patient with aortic coarctation, aortic stenosis, and coronary disease. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martinez Cereijo Jose M

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The ideal surgical approach is unclear in adult patients with coarctation of the aorta that is associated with other cardiovascular pathologies that require intervention. Standard median sternotomy allows simultaneous, coronary revascularization surgery, valve replacement and repair of aortic coarctation. However the collateral circulation and the anatomy of the mammary arteries must be determined, to avoid possible complications. We report a case of a 69 year-old man with aortic coarctation, aortic stenosis, coronary artery disease and internal mammary artery dilatation who underwent concomitant surgical procedures through a median sternotomy.

  11. Rare anatomic variation of the right hepatic artery and accessory right hepatic artery supplying hepatocellular carcinoma: A case report and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Yiming; Li, Enliang; Min, Jiaqi; Gong, Chengwu; Wu, Linquan

    2017-09-01

    Each hepatic artery is functionally essential for providing blood supply to the liver, and so are variant arteries. Variant arteries, including the accessory right hepatic artery (ARHA) and replaced right hepatic artery (RRHA) are commonly described in the literature. However, they usually occur independently. Here, we report an extremely rare case that involved both an ARHA and an RRHA arising from the gastroduodenal artery (GDA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA), respectively. To date, this situation has never been reported in the literature.They were preoperatively identified during magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examination in a 69-year-old male patient with hepatocellular carcinoma. And they were further verified by following conventional angiography for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) for the patient. In addition, the patient's tumor was primarily supplied by these 2 variant arteries. After the successful TACE procedure, the patient had a well postoperative recovery. By analyzing this case and performing a systematic review of the literature, the important clinical implications of the ARHA and RRHA will be investigated and discussed. Main lessons learned from this case thorough understanding of the normal anatomy of the hepatic artery and its anatomic variation is crucial for surgeons and interventional radiologists; preoperative computed tomography, MRI, and intraoperative angiography play an important role in detecting the variant hepatic artery; identifying these anomalous hepatic arteries before operation can effectively avoid unintentional injury during surgery, such as massive hemorrhage or hepatic infarction.

  12. Analysis of five cases of splanchnic artery aneurysm associated with coeliac artery stenosis due to compression by the median arcuate ligament

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugiyama, K. [Department of Radiology, Seirei Numazu Hospital, Shichitanda Matsushita Hon-aza, Numazu, Shizuoka (Japan)]. E-mail: koichiss37@yahoo.co.jp; Takehara, Y. [Department of Radiology, Hamamatsu University School of Medicine, Handayama, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka (Japan)

    2007-07-15

    Aim: To elucidate the mechanism of occurrence of splanchnic artery aneurysm associated with coeliac artery stenosis due to compression by the median arcuate ligament, and also to discuss the management for this relatively rare condition. Materials and methods: Five consecutive cases of splanchnic artery aneurysm associated with coeliac axis stenosis due to compression by the median arcuate ligament, including four cases of pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm and one case of epiploic artery aneurysm, were investigated. These cases were collected over a 5-year period in our local and affiliated hospitals. Among these five cases, three were discovered because of rupture of the aneurysm, and two were found incidentally in annual medical check-ups. Results: In all cases, conspicuously developed collateral arteries, which were of the dilated pancreaticoduodenal arcade and its branches, were conspicuously found on digital subtraction angiography of the superior mesenteric artery. The findings suggested that haemodynamic changes in the splanchnic arterial networks (an increase in blood flow mainly through the pancreaticoduodenal arcade), were the possible cause of the corresponding aneurysms. Conclusion: Compression by the median arcuate ligament might be a frequent cause of splanchnic aneurysm, which, on rupture of the aneurysm, could be life-threatening.

  13. Elasticity of the carotid artery walls as a prognostic factor for the occurrence of restenosis after a surgery for internal carotid artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eberhardt, Andrzej; Madycki, Grzegorz; Hendiger, Włodzimierz; Staszkiewicz, Walerian; Lewszuk, Adam

    2015-01-01

    Restoration of carotid artery patency is one of the most frequently performed operations in vascular surgery. One of the most important problems that occur both short- and long-term after carotid endarterectomy is recurrent stenosis. Despite advances in imaging studies and better knowledge of the mechanisms of atherogenesis, the mechanism of restenosis remains unclear. Patients with internal carotid artery atherosclerosis experience decreased elasticity of the intima-media complex, resulting in increased vessel wall stiffness. In the future, measurement of carotid artery elasticity may become a marker for the development of post-surgical stenosis occurring after endarterectomy of both the carotid artery and other peripheral vessels. To assess the elasticity of carotid artery walls as a prognostic factor for the occurrence of restenosis after a surgery for common carotid artery stenosis. Classic carotid artery endarterectomy was performed in 180 patients selected on the basis of standard, ultrasound- based recommendations. The phenomenon of restenosis was examined using ultrasound techniques at 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after the surgery. Measurements of carotid artery elasticity were performed using a Vascular Echo Doppler device, and patients were divided into two groups depending on the occurrence (or non-occurrence) of restenosis. Group I (without restenosis) included 156 (86.6%) patients, and Group II (with restenosis) included 24 (13.4%) patients. At 3 and 6 months after the surgery, an increase of the elasticity of vessel walls (coefficient a) was observed in both groups, but the differences in the elasticity of the carotid arteries were not significant. At 12 months after the surgery, all patients in Group II (with restenosis) had significantly increased coefficient a values as compared to Group I patients (p elasticity as measured using coefficient a may be associated with the process leading to the occurrence of restenosis after the surgery. Further research

  14. Left bronchial artery arising from a replaced left hepatic artery in a patient with massive hemoptysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khil, Eun Kyung; Lee, Jae Myung [Dept. of Radiology, Soonchunhyang University College of Medicine, Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-09-15

    A 70-year-old man with a 3-year history of bronchiectasis presented with massive hemoptysis that had lasted for 3 days. In our attempt to perform bronchial artery embolization, upper abdominal angiography was required to locate the left bronchial artery, which in this case was of anomalous origin, arising from a replaced left hepatic artery, which arose from the left gastric artery-a very unusual anatomical variant. We performed embolization with polyvinyl alcohol particles, and the patient's symptoms resolved completely, with no additional complications after conservative treatment.

  15. Losartan renography for the detection of renal artery stenosis: comparison with captopril renography and evaluation of dose and timing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guenay, Emel Ceylan; Erguen, Eser Lay; Salanci, Bilge Volkan; Ugur, Oemer; Caner, Biray [Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Ankara (Turkey); Oeztuerk, M. Halil; Hekimoglu, Baki [Social Security Hospital Clinic of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey); Altun, Buelent [Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Nephrology, Ankara (Turkey); Cil, Barbaros [Hacettepe University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey)

    2005-09-01

    Radionuclide renography with angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition plays an important role in the diagnosis of haemodynamically significant renal artery stenosis. Angiotensin receptor antagonists inhibit the renin angiotensin system at different levels from ACE inhibitors by selectively blocking the binding of angiotensin II to AT1 receptors. The AT1 angiotensin receptor antagonist losartan has recently been used clinically in the treatment of hypertension. However, the available data on the use of losartan with renography for the detection of renovascular hypertension are limited and contradictory. The purpose of this prospective study was to compare the effectiveness of losartan renography and captopril scintigraphy in revealing renal artery stenosis. A total of 61 renal units in 32 patients with hypertension were studied in two groups based on the losartan dosage (50 mg in group A and 100 mg in group B). Group A consisted of 17 patients, in whom 19 renal units had angiographically proven renal artery stenosis ({>=}50%). In group B, there were 15 patients, in whom 20 renal arteries were stenotic. All of the patients underwent three renographies (baseline, captopril renography and early losartan renography). Early losartan renography was performed at 1 h after oral losartan administration in both groups. In group B, seven patients underwent additional losartan renography (late losartan) performed 3 h after oral losartan administration; these patients composed group B1. The sensitivities of captopril and losartan studies were 63.2% and 42% in group A, 65% and 65% in group B and 55.6% and 66.6% in group B1, respectively. From our preliminary results, we conclude that losartan is not superior to captopril renography for the detection of haemodynamically significant renal artery stenosis. However, a high dose (100 mg) of losartan provided higher sensitivity than the lower dose (50 mg). Late losartan scintigraphy provided similar diagnostic efficacy to early

  16. Transcatheter Arterial Embolization Alone for Giant Hepatic Hemangioma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun-Hui Sun

    Full Text Available Giant hepatic hemangioma is a benign liver condition that may be treated using surgery. We studied the digital subtraction angiographic (DSA characteristics of giant hepatic hemangioma, and the effectiveness of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE alone for its treatment. This was a retrospective study of 27 patients diagnosed with giant hepatic hemangioma and treated with TAE alone (using lipiodol mixed with pingyangmycin at the Division of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University, between January 2010 and March 2013. The feeding arteries were identified using DSA. All patients were followed up for between three weeks and 12 months. Changes in tumor diameter and symptoms were observed. The 27 patients included had giant hepatic hemangiomas ranging from 5.3 to 24.5 cm (mean, 11.24±5.08 cm in the right (n = 13, left (n = 1 or both (n = 13 lobes. Preoperative hepatic angiography showed multiple abnormal vascular lakes in the early phase, known as the "early leaving but late returning, hanging nut on a twig" sign. On the day after TAE, hepatic transaminase levels were increased (ALT: 22.69±17.95 to 94.88±210.32 U/L; ALT: 24.00±12.37 to 99.70±211.54 U/L; both P<0.05, but not total bilirubin. Six patients complained of abdominal pain, and 12 experienced transient fever. In the months after TAE, tumor size decreased (baseline: 11.24±5.08; 3 months: 8.95±4.33; 6 months: 7.60±3.90 cm; P<0.05, and the patients' condition improved. These results indicated that TAE was effective and safe for treating giant hepatic hemangioma. TAE may be a useful alternative to surgery for the treatment of hepatic hemangioma.

  17. Hemodynamic study of superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery bypass in treatment of severe internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui LIU

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Objective To explore the value of dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion-weighted imaging (DSC-PWI in superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA bypass and to provide radiological evidence for hemodynamic changes in STA-MCA bypass in the treatment of severe internal carotid artery (ICA and MCA stenosis and/or occlusion.  Methods A total of 76 cases (65 males and 11 females with average age of 55 who underwent STA-MCA bypass from January 2011 to February 2016 were included. Routine MRI and DSC-PWI were performed within one month before operation and within one week after operation. Hemodynamic changes [relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF, relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV, relative mean transit time (rMTT and relative time to peak (rTTP] of MCA blood supplying area at basal ganglia section (proximal end and centrum semiovale section (distal end were compared before and after operation.  Results Compared with before operation, rCBF was significantly increased after operation at ipsilateral basal ganglia section (proximal end, P = 0.000 and centrum semiovale section (distal end, P = 0.001. rCBV at basal ganglia section was significantly increased after operation (P = 0.021, while rCBV at centrum semiovale section had no significant difference compared with before operation (P = 0.844. rMTT (P = 0.000, 0.000 and rTTP (P = 0.000, 0.000 at ipsilateral basal ganglia section and centrum semiovale section were significantly reduced after operation.  Conclusions STA-MCA bypass can improve cerebral blood perfusion of MCA blood supplying area. DSC-PWI could assess the hemodynamics of ischemic area, so it is the optimal noninvasive technology to evaluate the curative effect of bypass and observe cerebral hemodynamic changes dynamically. DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1672-6731.2017.06.010

  18. Outcomes after primary transcatheter therapy in infants and young children with severe bilateral peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cunningham, Jonathan W; McElhinney, Doff B; Gauvreau, Kimberlee; Bergersen, Lisa; Lacro, Ronald V; Marshall, Audrey C; Smoot, Leslie; Lock, James E

    2013-08-01

    Angioplasty and stent implantation have become accepted therapies for isolated peripheral pulmonary stenosis, and have been shown to increase vessel diameter and reduce right ventricular (RV) pressure acutely in patients with pulmonary artery (PA) stenosis. The purpose of this study was to assess long-term outcomes after primary transcatheter therapy for peripheral pulmonary stenosis. We studied 69 patients who underwent primary transcatheter intervention for severe isolated peripheral pulmonary stenosis at ≤ 5 years of age. Genetic/syndromic diagnoses included Williams syndrome (n=23), non-Williams familial arteriopathy (n=12), and Alagille syndrome (n=3). At the initial PA intervention, median RV:aortic pressure ratio decreased from 1.00 to 0.88 (median decrease, 0.18; Paortic pressure ratio had a greater reduction (Paortic stenosis. Freedom from any PA reintervention was 38 ± 6% at 1 year and 22 ± 6% at 5 years. The median RV:aortic pressure ratio decreased from 1.0 at baseline to 0.53 at the most recent catheterization (Pstenosis has become safer, regardless of genetic condition. Coupled with reintervention and surgical relief in selected cases, RV:aortic pressure ratios decrease substantially and most patients are asymptomatic at late follow-up.

  19. Predictive Value of Dynamic Cerebral Autoregulation Assessment in Surgical Management of Patients with High-Grade Carotid Artery Stenosis

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    Vladimir B. Semenyutin

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Dynamic cerebral autoregulation (DCA capacity along with the degree of internal carotid artery (ICA stenosis and characteristics of the plaque can also play an important role in selection of appropriate treatment strategy. This study aims to classify the patients with severe ICA stenosis according to preoperative state of DCA and to assess its dynamics after surgery. Thirty-five patients with severe ICA stenosis having different clinical type of disease underwent reconstructive surgery. DCA was assessed with transfer function analysis (TFA by calculating phase shift (PS between Mayer waves of blood flow velocity (BFV and blood pressure (BP before and after operation. In 18 cases, regardless of clinical type, preoperative PS on ipsilateral side was within the normal range and did not change considerably after surgery. In other 17 cases preoperative PS was reliably lower both in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic stenosis. Surgical reconstruction led to restoration of impaired DCA evidenced by significant increase of PS in postoperative period. Our data suggest that regardless clinical type of disease various state of DCA may be present in patients with severe ICA stenosis. This finding can contribute to establishing the optimal treatment strategy, and first of all for asymptomatic patients. Patients with compromised DCA should be considered as ones with higher risk of stroke and first candidates for reconstructive surgery.

  20. The Impact of Carotid Artery Stenting on Cerebral Perfusion, Functional Connectivity, and Cognition in Severe Asymptomatic Carotid Stenosis Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tao Wang

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Background and purposeAsymptomatic carotid artery stenosis can lead to not only stroke but also cognition impairment. Although it has been proven that carotid artery stenting (CAS can reduce the risk of future strokes, the effect of CAS on cognition is conflicting. In recent years, pulsed arterial spin labeling (pASL MRI and resting-state functional MRI (R-fMRI have been employed in cognitive impairment studies. For the present study, cognition is evaluated in severe asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis patients undergoing CAS, and the mechanisms underlying the cognitive change are explored by pASL MRI and R-fMRI.Materials and methodsWe prospectively enrolled 24 asymptomatic, severe (≥70%, unilateral internal carotid artery stenosis patients, who were expecting the intervention of CAS. Cognition assessment (including the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Beijing Version, the Minimum Mental State Examination, the Digit Symbol Test, the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, and the Verbal Memory Test and an integrated MRI program (pASL MRI, and R-fMRI were administered 7 days before and 3 months after CAS.Results16 subjects completed the follow-up study. After stenting, significant improvement in the scores of the MMSE, the Verbal Memory test, and the delayed recall was found. No significant difference was found in the scores of the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Beijing Version, the Digit Symbol Test, and the immediate recall. After CAS treatment, asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis patients showed increased perfusion in the left frontal gyrus, increased amplitude of low-frequency fluctuation (ALFF in the right precentral gyrus, and increased connectivity to the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC in the right supra frontal gyrus. However, no significant correlations were found between these imaging changes and cognition assessments.ConclusionSuccessful CAS can partly improve cognition in asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis patients. The cognition

  1. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ederle, J.; Dobson, J.; Featherstone, R.L.; Bonati, L.H.; Worp, H.B. van der; Borst, G.J. de; Lo, T.H.; Gaines, P.; Dorman, P.J.; Macdonald, S.; Lyrer, P.A.; Hendriks, J.M.; McCollum, C.; Nederkoorn, P.J.; Brown, M.M.; Blankensteijn, J.D.; Leeuw, F.E. de; Kool, L.J.; Vliet, J.A. van der

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. METHODS: The International

  2. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ederle, Jörg

    2010-03-20

    Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy.

  3. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ederle, Jörg; Dobson, Joanna; Featherstone, Roland L.; Bonati, Leo H.; van der Worp, H. Bart; de Borst, Gert J.; Lo, T. Hauw; Gaines, Peter; Dorman, Paul J.; Macdonald, Sumaira; Lyrer, Philippe A.; Hendriks, Johanna M.; McCollum, Charles; Nederkoorn, Paul J.; Brown, Martin M.; Algra, A.; Bamford, J.; Beard, J.; Bland, M.; Bradbury, A. W.; Brown, M. M.; Clifton, A.; Gaines, P.; Collins, R.; Molyneux, A.; Naylor, R.; Warlow, C.; Ferro, J. M.; Thomas, D.; Bonati, L. H.; Coward, L.; Dobson, J.; Ederle, J.; Featherstone, R. F.; Tindall, H.; McCabe, D. J. H.; Wallis, A.; Brooks, M.; Chambers, B.; Chan, A.; Chu, P.; Clark, D.; Dewey, H.; Donnan, G.; Fell, G.; Hoare, M.; Molan, M.; Roberts, A.; Roberts, N.; Beiles, B.; Bladin, C.; Clifford, C.; Grigg, M.; New, G.; Bell, R.; Bower, S.; Chong, W.; Holt, M.; Saunder, A.; Than, P. G.; Gett, S.; Leggett, D.; McGahan, T.; Quinn, J.; Ray, M.; Wong, A.; Woodruff, P.; Foreman, R.; Schultz, D.; Scroop, R.; Stanley, B.; Allard, B.; Atkinson, N.; Cambell, W.; Davies, S.; Field, P.; Milne, P.; Mitchell, P.; Tress, B.; Yan, B.; Beasley, A.; Dunbabin, D.; Stary, D.; Walker, S.; Cras, P.; d'Archambeau, O.; Hendriks, J. M. H.; van Schil, P.; St Blasius, A. Z.; Bosiers, M.; Deloose, K.; van Buggenhout, E.; de Letter, J.; Devos, V.; Ghekiere, J.; Vanhooren, G.; Astarci, P.; Hammer, F.; Lacroix, V.; Peeters, A.; Verbist, J.; Blair, J.-F.; Caron, J. L.; Daneault, N.; Giroux, M.-F.; Guilbert, F.; Lanthier, S.; Lebrun, L.-H.; Oliva, V.; Raymond, J.; Roy, D.; Soulez, G.; Weill, A.; Hill, M.; Hu, W.; Hudion, M.; Morrish, W.; Sutherland, G.; Wong, J.; Albäck, A.; Harno, H.; Ijäs, P.; Kaste, M.; Lepäntalo, M.; Mustanoja, S.; Paananen, T.; Porras, M.; Putaala, J.; Railo, M.; Sairanen, T.; Soinne, L.; Vehmas, A.; Vikatmaa, P.; Goertler, M.; Halloul, Z.; Skalej, M.; Brennan, P.; Kelly, C.; Leahy, A.; Moroney, J.; Thornton, J.; Koelemay, M. J. W.; Reekers, J. A. A.; Roos, Y. B. W. E. M.; Hendriks, J. M.; Koudstaal, P. J.; Pattynama, P. M. T.; van der Lugt, A.; van Dijk, L. C.; van Sambeek, M. R. H. M.; van Urk, H.; Verhagen, H. J. M.; Bruijninckx, C. M. A.; de Bruijn, S. F.; Keunen, R.; Knippenberg, B.; Mosch, A.; Treurniet, F.; van Dijk, L.; van Overhagen, H.; Wever, J.; de Beer, F. C.; van den Berg, J. S. P.; van Hasselt, B. A. A. M.; Zeilstra, D. J.; Boiten, J.; van Otterloo, J. C. A. de Mol; de Vries, A. C.; Lycklama a Nijeholt, G. J.; van der Kallen, B. F. W.; Blankensteijn, J. D.; de Leeuw, F. E.; Kool, L. J. Schultze; van der Vliet, J. A.; de Borst, G. J.; de Kort, G. A. P.; Kapelle, L. J.; Lo, T. H.; Mali, W. P. Th M.; Moll, F.; van der Worp, H. B.; Verhagen, H.; Barber, P. A.; Bourchier, R.; Hill, A.; Holden, A.; Stewart, J.; Bakke, S. J.; Krohg-Sørensen, K.; Skjelland, M.; Tennøe, B.; Bialek, P.; Biejat, Z.; Czepiel, W.; Czlonkowska, A.; Dowzenko, A.; Jedrzejewska, J.; Kobayashi, A.; Lelek, M.; Polanski, J.; Kirbis, J.; Milosevic, Z.; Zvan, B.; Blasco, J.; Chamorro, A.; Macho, J.; Obach, V.; Riambau, V.; San Roman, L.; Branera, J.; Canovas, D.; Estela, Jordi; Gaibar, A. Gimenez; Perendreu, J.; Björses, K.; Gottsater, A.; Ivancev, K.; Maetzsch, T.; Sonesson, B.; Berg, B.; Delle, M.; Formgren, J.; Gillgren, P.; Kall, T.-B.; Konrad, P.; Nyman, N.; Takolander, R.; Andersson, T.; Malmstedt, J.; Soderman, M.; Wahlgren, C.; Wahlgren, N.; Binaghi, S.; Hirt, L.; Michel, P.; Ruchat, P.; Engelter, S. T.; Fluri, F.; Guerke, L.; Jacob, A. L.; Kirsch, E.; Lyrer, P. A.; Radue, E.-W.; Stierli, P.; Wasner, M.; Wetzel, S.; Bonvin, C.; Kalangos, A.; Lovblad, K.; Murith, M.; Ruefenacht, D.; Sztajzel, R.; Higgins, N.; Kirkpatrick, P. J.; Martin, P.; Varty, K.; Adam, D.; Bell, J.; Crowe, P.; Gannon, M.; Henderson, M. J.; Sandler, D.; Shinton, R. A.; Scriven, J. M.; Wilmink, T.; D'Souza, S.; Egun, A.; Guta, R.; Punekar, S.; Seriki, D. M.; Thomson, G.; Brennan, J. A.; Enevoldson, T. P.; Gilling-Smith, G.; Gould, D. A.; Harris, P. L.; McWilliams, R. G.; Nasser, H.-C.; White, R.; Prakash, K. G.; Serracino-Inglott, F.; Subramanian, G.; Symth, J. V.; Walker, M. G.; Clarke, M.; Davis, M.; Dixit, S. A.; Dorman, P.; Dyker, A.; Ford, G.; Golkar, A.; Jackson, R.; Jayakrishnan, V.; Lambert, D.; Lees, T.; Louw, S.; Macdonald, S.; Mendelow, A. D.; Rodgers, H.; Rose, J.; Stansby, G.; Wyatt, M.; Baker, T.; Baldwin, N.; Jones, L.; Mitchell, D.; Munro, E.; Thornton, M.; Baker, D.; Davis, N.; Hamilton, G.; McCabe, D.; Platts, A.; Tibballs, J.; Cleveland, T.; Dodd, D.; Lonsdale, R.; Nair, R.; Nassef, A.; Nawaz, S.; Venables, G.; Belli, A.; Cloud, G.; Halliday, A.; Markus, H.; McFarland, R.; Morgan, R.; Pereira, A.; Thompson, A.; Chataway, J.; Cheshire, N.; Gibbs, R.; Hammady, M.; Jenkins, M.; Malik, I.; Wolfe, J.; Adiseshiah, M.; Bishop, C.; Brew, S.; Brookes, J.; Jäger, R.; Kitchen, N.; Ashleigh, R.; Butterfield, S.; Gamble, G. E.; McCollum, C.; Nasim, A.; O'Neill, P.; Edwards, R. D.; Lees, K. R.; MacKay, A. J.; Moss, J.

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. METHODS: The International

  4. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study) : an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ederle, Joerg; Dobson, Joanna; Featherstone, Roland L.; Bonati, Leo H.; van der Worp, H. Bart; de Borst, Gert J.; Lo, T. Hauw; Gaines, Peter; Dorman, Paul J.; Macdonald, Sumaira; Lyrer, Philippe A.; Hendriks, Johanna M.; McCollum, Charles; Nederkoorn, Paul J.; Brown, Martin M.; Algra, A.; Bamford, J.; Beard, J.; Bland, M.; Bradbury, A. W.; Brown, M. M.; Clifton, A.; Gaines, P.; Hacke, W.; Halliday, A.; Malik, I.; Mas, J. L.; McGuire, A. J.; Sidhu, P.; Venables, G.; Bradbury, A.; Brown, M. M.; Clifton, A.; Gaines, P.; Collins, R.; Molynewc, A.; Naylor, R.; Warlow, C.; Ferro, J. M.; Thomas, D.; Bonati, L. H.; Coward, L.; Dobson, J.; Ederle, J.; Featherstone, R. F.; Tindall, H.; McCabe, D. J. H.; Wallis, A.; Brooks, M.; Chambers, B.; Chan, A.; Chu, P.; Clark, D.; Dewey, H.; Donnan, G.; Fell, G.; Hoare, M.; Molan, M.; Roberts, A.; Roberts, N.; Beiles, B.; Bladin, C.; Clifford, C.; Fell, G.; Grigg, M.; New, G.; Bell, R.; Bower, S.; Chong, W.; Holt, M.; Saunder, A.; Than, P. G.; Gett, S.; Leggett, D.; McGahan, T.; Quinn, J.; Ray, M.; Wong, A.; Woodruff, P.; Foreman, R.; Schultz, D.; Scroop, R.; Stanley, B.; Allard, B.; Atkinson, N.; Cambell, W.; Davies, S.; Field, P.; Milne, P.; Mitchell, P.; Tress, B.; Yan, B.; Beasley, A.; Dunbabin, D.; Stary, D.; Walker, S.; Cras, P.; d'Archambeau, O.; Hendriks, J. M. H.; Van Schil, P.; Bosiers, M.; Deloose, K.; van Buggenhout, E.; De Letter, J.; Devos, V.; Ghekiere, J.; Vanhooren, G.; Astarci, P.; Hammer, F.; Lacroix, V.; Peeters, A.; Verhelst, R.; DeJaegher, L.; Peeters, A.; Verbist, J.; Blair, J-F; Caron, J. L.; Daneault, N.; Giroux, M-F; Guilbert, F.; Lanthier, S.; Lebrun, L-H; Oliva, V.; Raymond, J.; Roy, D.; Soulez, G.; Weill, A.; Hill, M.; Hu, W.; Hudion, M.; Morrish, W.; Sutherland, G.; Wong, J.; Alback, A.; Harno, H.; Ijas, P.; Kaste, M.; Lepantalo, M.; Mustanoja, S.; Paananen, T.; Porras, M.; Putaala, J.; Railo, M.; Sairanen, T.; Soinne, L.; Vehmas, A.; Vikatmaa, P.; Goertler, M.; Halloul, Z.; Skalej, M.; Brennan, P.; Kelly, C.; Leahy, A.; Moroney, J.; Thornton, J.; Koelemay, M. J. W.; Nederkoorn, P. J.; Reekers, J. A. A.; Roos, Y. B. W. E. M.; Hendriks, J. M.; Koudstaal, P. J.; Pattynama, P. M. T.; van der Lugt, A.; van Dijk, L. C.; van Sambeek, M. R. H. M.; van Urk, H.; Verhagen, H. J. M.; Bruininckx, C. M. A.; de Bruijn, S. F.; Keunen, R.; Knippenberg, B.; Mosch, A.; Treurniet, F.; van Dijk, L.; van Overhagen, H.; Wever, J.; de Beer, F. C.; van den Berg, J. S. P.; van Hasselt, B. A. A. M.; Zeilstra, D. J.; Boiten, J.; van Otterloo, J. C. A. de Mol; de Vries, A. C.; Nieholt, G. J. Lycklama A.; van der Kallen, B. F. W.; Blankensteijn, J. D.; De Leeuw, F. E.; Kool, L. J. Schultze; van der Vliet, J. A.; de Borst, G. J.; de Kort, G. A. P.; Kapelle, L. J.; Lo, T. H.; Mali, W. P. Th M.; Moll, F.; van der Worp, H. Bart; Verhagen, H.; Barber, P. A.; Bourchier, R.; Hill, A.; Holden, A.; Stewart, J.; Bakke, S. J.; Krohg-Sorensen, K.; Skjelland, M.; Tennoe, B.; Bialek, P.; Biejat, Z.; Czepiel, W.; Czlonkowska, A.; Dowzenko, A.; Jedrzejewska, J.; Kobayashi, A.; Lelek, M.; Polanski, J.; Kirbis, J.; Milosevic, Z.; Zvan, B.; Blasco, J.; Chamorro, A.; Macho, J.; Obach, V.; Riambau, V.; San Roman, L.; Branera, J.; Canovas, D.; Estela, Jordi; Gimenez Gaibar, A.; Perendreu, J.; Bjorses, K.; Gottsater, A.; Ivancev, K.; Maetzsch, T.; Sonesson, B.; Berg, B.; Delle, M.; Formgren, J.; Gillgren, P.; Kall, T-B; Konrad, P.; Nyman, N.; Takolander, R.; Andersson, T.; Malmstedt, J.; Soderman, M.; Wahlgren, C.; Wahlgren, N.; Binaghi, S.; Hirt, L.; Michel, P.; Ruchat, P.; Bonati, L. H.; Engelter, S. T.; Fluri, F.; Guerke, L.; Jacob, A. L.; Kirsch, E.; Lyrer, P. A.; Radue, E-W; Stierli, P.; Wasner, M.; Wetzel, S.; Bonvin, C.; Kalangos, A.; Lovblad, K.; Murith, N.; Ruefenacht, D.; Sztajzel, R.; Higgins, N.; Kirkpatrick, P. J.; Martin, P.; Adam, D.; Bell, J.; Bradbury, A. W.; Crowe, P.; Gannon, M.; Henderson, M. J.; Sandler, D.; Shinton, R. A.; Scriven, J. M.; Wilmink, T.; D'Souza, S.; Egun, A.; Guta, R.; Punekar, S.; Seriki, D. M.; Thomson, G.; Brennan, A.; Enevoldson, T. P.; Gilling-Smith, G.; Gould, D. A.; Harris, P. L.; McWilliams, R. G.; Nasser, H-C; White, R.; Prakash, K. G.; Serracino-Inglott, F.; Subramanian, G.; Symth, J. V.; Walker, M. G.; Clarke, M.; Davis, M.; Dixit, S. A.; Dolman, P.; Dyker, A.; Ford, G.; Golkar, A.; Jackson, R.; Jayakrishnan, V.; Lambert, D.; Lees, T.; Louw, S.; Macdonald, S.; Mendelow, A. D.; Rodgers, H.; Rose, J.; Stansby, G.; Wyatt, M.; Baker, T.; Baldwin, N.; Jones, L.; Mitchell, D.; Munro, E.; Thornton, M.; Baker, D.; Davis, N.; Hamilton, G.; McCabe, D.; Platts, A.; Tibballs, J.; Beard, J.; Cleveland, T.; Dodd, D.; Gaines, P.; Lonsdale, R.; Nair, R.; Nassef, A.; Nawaz, S.; Venables, G.; Belli, A.; Clifton, A.; Cloud, G.; Halliday, A.; Markus, H.; McFarland, R.; Morgan, R.; Pereira, A.; Thompson, A.; Chataway, J.; Cheshire, N.; Gibbs, R.; Hammady, M.; Jenkins, M.; Malik, I.; Wolfe, J.; Adiseshiah, M.; Bishop, C.; Brew, S.; Brookes, J.; Brown, M. M.; Jaeger, R.; Kitchen, N.; Ashleigh, R.; Butterfield, S.; Gamble, G. E.; McCollum, C.; Nasim, A.; O'Neill, P.; Wong, J.; Edwards, R. D.; Lees, K. R.; MacKay, A. J.; Moss, J.; Rogers, P.

    2010-01-01

    Background Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. Methods The International Carotid

  5. Successful technical and clinical outcome using a second generation balloon expandable coronary stent for transplant renal artery stenosis: Our experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salsamendi, Jason; Pereira, Keith; Baker, Reginald; Bhatia, Shivank S; Narayanan, Govindarajan

    2015-01-01

    Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is a vascular complication frequently seen because of increase in the number of renal transplantations. Early diagnosis and management is essential to optimize a proper graft function. Currently, the endovascular treatment of TRAS using angioplasty and/or stenting is considered the treatment of choice with the advantage that it does not preclude subsequent surgical correction. Treatment of TRAS with the use of stents, particularly in tortuous transplant renal anatomy presents a unique challenge to an interventional radiologist. In this study, we present three cases from our practice highlighting the use of a balloon-expandable Multi-Link RX Ultra coronary stent system (Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois, USA) for treating high grade focal stenosis along very tortuous renal arterial segments. Cobalt–Chromium alloy stent scaffold provides excellent radial force, whereas the flexible stent design conforms to the vessel course allowing for optimal stent alignment. PMID:26629289

  6. Successful technical and clinical outcome using a second generation balloon expandable coronary stent for transplant renal artery stenosis: Our experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salsamendi, Jason; Pereira, Keith; Baker, Reginald; Bhatia, Shivank S; Narayanan, Govindarajan

    2015-10-01

    Transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS) is a vascular complication frequently seen because of increase in the number of renal transplantations. Early diagnosis and management is essential to optimize a proper graft function. Currently, the endovascular treatment of TRAS using angioplasty and/or stenting is considered the treatment of choice with the advantage that it does not preclude subsequent surgical correction. Treatment of TRAS with the use of stents, particularly in tortuous transplant renal anatomy presents a unique challenge to an interventional radiologist. In this study, we present three cases from our practice highlighting the use of a balloon-expandable Multi-Link RX Ultra coronary stent system (Abbott Laboratories, Abbott Park, Illinois, USA) for treating high grade focal stenosis along very tortuous renal arterial segments. Cobalt-Chromium alloy stent scaffold provides excellent radial force, whereas the flexible stent design conforms to the vessel course allowing for optimal stent alignment.

  7. Association of Lumbar Arterial Stenosis with Low Back Symptoms: A Cross-Sectional Study Using Two-Dimensional Time-of-Flight Magnetic Resonance Angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Korkiakoski, A.; Niinimaeki, J.; Karppinen, J.; Korpelainen, R.; Haapea, M.; Natri, A.; Tervonen, O. (Inst. of Clinical Sciences, Dept. of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Univ. of Oulu, Oulu (Finland))

    2009-01-15

    Background: Recent studies indicate that diminished blood flow may cause low back symptoms and intervertebral disc degeneration. Purpose: To explore the association between lumbar arterial stenosis as detected by two-dimensional time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography (2D TOF-MRA) and lumbar pain symptoms in an occupational cohort of middle-aged Finnish males. Material and Methods: 228 male subjects aged 36 to 55 years (mean 47 years) were imaged with 2D TOF-MRA. Additionally, 20 randomly selected subjects were scanned with contrast-enhanced MRA (ceMRA). In each subject, the first (L1) to fourth (L4) segmental lumbar arteries were evaluated for lumbar artery stenosis using a dichotomic scale. One subject was excluded because of poor image quality, reducing the study population to 227 subjects. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between arterial stenosis in 2D TOF-MRA and low back pain and sciatica symptoms (intensity, duration, frequency). Results: Comparing 2D TOF-MRA and ceMRA images, the kappa value (95% confidence interval) was 0.52 (0.31-0.73). The intraobserver reliability kappa value for 2D TOF-MRA was 0.85 (0.77-0.92), and interobserver kappa was 0.57 (0.49-0.65). The sensitivity of 2D TOF-MRA in detecting stenosis was 0.58, the accuracy 0.89, and the specificity 0.94. In 97 (43%) subjects all arteries were normal, whereas 130 (57%) had at least one stenosed artery. The left L4 artery was most often affected. The degree of arterial stenosis was associated with intensity of low back and sciatic pain, and sciatica pain duration during the past 3 months. Conclusion: 2D TOF-MRA is an acceptable imaging method for arterial stenosis compared to ceMRA. Arterial stenosis was associated with subjective pain symptoms, indicating a role of decreased nutrition in spinal disorders

  8. Post-Patent Ductus Arteriosus ligation syndrome with hypertension and masking of renal artery stenosis in an infant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ElSeed Peterson, Erica E; Mauriello, Daniel

    2018-02-07

    Post-patent ductus arteriosus ligation syndrome is common, but rarely has hypertension been described following ductal ligation with an unclear mechanism. We report a case of an infant who exhibited features of post-patent ductus arteriosus ligation syndrome and hypertension, but was found to have bilateral renal artery stenosis. Increased systemic vascular resistance can be masked by the parallel circuit physiology of a patent ductus arteriosus.

  9. Direct visualization of a significant stenosis of the right coronary artery by transthoracic echocardiography. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiseth Rune

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Non-invasive imaging of coronary arteries by transthoracic echocardiography is an emerging diagnostic tool to study the left main (LM, left descending artery (LAD, circumflex (Cx and right coronary artery (RCA. Impaired coronary circulation can be assessed by measuring coronary velocity flow reserve (CVFR by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography. Coronary artery stenoses can be identified as localized colour aliasing and accelerated flow velocities. We report a case with an acute coronary syndrome (ACS of a 46-year-old man. With non-invasive imaging of coronary arteries by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE, we identified a segment of the mid right coronary artery (RCA suggestive of stenosis with localized colour aliasing and accelerated flow velocity. We found a high ratio between the stenotic peak velocity and the prestenotic peak velocity, and a pathologic coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR distal to the stenosis in the posterior interventricular descending branch (RDP. Subsequent coronary angiography demonstrated one vessel disease with a stenosis in segment 3 of RCA, which was successfully treated with percutaneos coronary intervention PCI. Two weeks following the PCI procedure he was readmitted to hospital with chest pain. A subacute stent thrombosis was questioned, and repeated echocardiography was preformed. The mid portion of RCA showed normal and laminar flow. The CVFR of RCA measured in the RDP showed normal vasodilatory response, confirming an open RCA without any flow limitation. A repeated coronary angiogram demonstrated only a mild in stent intimal hyperplasia. This case illustrates the value of transthoracic echocardiography as a tool both in the diagnosis and the follow-up of chest pain disorders and coronary flow problems. Transthoracic echocardiography allows both direct visualization of the various coronary segments and assessment of the CVFR.

  10. Hepatic imaging following intra-arterial embolotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kallini, Joseph Ralph; Miller, Frank H; Gabr, Ahmed; Salem, Riad; Lewandowski, Robert J

    2016-04-01

    To discuss guidelines and salient imaging findings of solid tumors treated with common intra-arterial procedures used in interventional oncology. A meticulous literature search of PubMed-indexed articles was conducted. Key words included "imaging + embolization," "imaging + TACE," "imaging + radioembolization," "imaging + Y90," "mRECIST," and "EASL." Representative post-treatment cross-sectional images were obtained from past cases in this institution. Intra-arterial therapy (IAT) in interventional oncology includes bland embolization, chemoembolization, and radioembolization. Solid tumors of the liver are the primary focus of these procedures. Cross-sectional CT and/or MR are the main modalities used to image tumors after treatment. Traditional size-based response criteria (WHO and RECIST) alone are of limited utility in determining response to IAT; tumoral necrosis and enhancement must be considered. Specifically for HCC, the EASL and mRECIST guidelines are becoming widely adopted response criteria to assess these factors. DWI, FDG-PET, and CEUS are modalities that play an adjunctive but controversial role. Radiologists must be aware that the different forms of intra-arterial therapy yield characteristic findings on cross-sectional imaging. Knowledge of these findings is integral to accurate assessment of tumor response and progression.

  11. Genome-wide association study in a Lebanese cohort confirms PHACTR1 as a major determinant of coronary artery stenosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jörg Hager

    Full Text Available The manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD follows a well-choreographed series of events that includes damage of arterial endothelial cells and deposition of lipids in the sub-endothelial layers. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS of multiple populations with distinctive genetic and lifestyle backgrounds are a crucial step in understanding global CAD pathophysiology. In this study, we report a GWAS on the genetic basis of arterial stenosis as measured by cardiac catheterization in a Lebanese population. The locus of the phosphatase and actin regulator 1 gene (PHACTR1 showed association with coronary stenosis in a discovery experiment with genome wide data in 1,949 individuals (rs9349379, OR = 1.37, p = 1.57×10(-5. The association was replicated in an additional 2,547 individuals (OR = 1.31, p = 8.85×10(-6, leading to genome-wide significant association in a combined analysis (OR = 1.34, p = 8.02×10(-10. Results from this GWAS support a central role of PHACTR1 in CAD susceptibility irrespective of lifestyle and ethnic divergences. This association provides a plausible component for understanding molecular mechanisms involved in the formation of stenosis in cardiac vessels and a potential drug target against CAD.

  12. Genome-Wide Association Study in a Lebanese Cohort Confirms PHACTR1 as a Major Determinant of Coronary Artery Stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hager, Jörg; Youhanna, Sonia; Ghassibe-Sabbagh, Michella; Platt, Daniel E.; Abchee, Antoine B.; Romanos, Jihane; Khazen, Georges; Othman, Raed; Badro, Danielle A.; Haber, Marc; Salloum, Angelique K.; Douaihy, Bouchra; Shasha, Nabil; Kabbani, Samer; Sbeite, Hana; Chammas, Elie; el Bayeh, Hamid; Rousseau, Francis; Zelenika, Diana; Gut, Ivo; Lathrop, Mark; Farrall, Martin; Gauguier, Dominique; Zalloua, Pierre A.

    2012-01-01

    The manifestation of coronary artery disease (CAD) follows a well-choreographed series of events that includes damage of arterial endothelial cells and deposition of lipids in the sub-endothelial layers. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of multiple populations with distinctive genetic and lifestyle backgrounds are a crucial step in understanding global CAD pathophysiology. In this study, we report a GWAS on the genetic basis of arterial stenosis as measured by cardiac catheterization in a Lebanese population. The locus of the phosphatase and actin regulator 1 gene (PHACTR1) showed association with coronary stenosis in a discovery experiment with genome wide data in 1,949 individuals (rs9349379, OR = 1.37, p = 1.57×10−5). The association was replicated in an additional 2,547 individuals (OR = 1.31, p = 8.85×10−6), leading to genome-wide significant association in a combined analysis (OR = 1.34, p = 8.02×10−10). Results from this GWAS support a central role of PHACTR1 in CAD susceptibility irrespective of lifestyle and ethnic divergences. This association provides a plausible component for understanding molecular mechanisms involved in the formation of stenosis in cardiac vessels and a potential drug target against CAD. PMID:22745674

  13. RENOVASCULAR HYPERTENSION DUE TO RENAL ARTERY STENOSIS IN KLIPPEL-FEIL SYNDROME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foyaca-Sibat H. MD.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT We report one patient with Klippel-Feil (KFS syndrome, other associated anomalies, uncontrolled arterial hypertension, and renal artery stenosis. Because this patient underwent for surgical revascularization with unsuccessful result, all proposed way of treatments are revised, and we have hypothesized that probably for patients with KFS and unilateral renal artery stenosis, medical treatment with ACE inhibitors can provide more benefits than surgical revascularization or percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. We considered that those patients should be manage by a team of medical doctors being aware of their common associated anomalies, identifying all of them when it is possible then, making an integral evaluation of the each individual situation for establishing their medical priorities in order, and then address its treatments accordingly. If at this stage any surgical treatment is required, is important to bring those problems to the anesthesiologist’s attention for a very careful manipulation of the neck and head during induction of anesthesia. The final results will be strongly related with the capacity of management of the underlying cardio-respiratory, renal, skeletal, urogenital, and nervous system problems. . We also propose the term of Klippel-Feil syndrome "Plus" for those patients with cervical vertebral fusion and many other associated deformities rather than to add new eponyms to the long list that already exist. _____________ RESUMEN: HIPERTENSION RENOVASCULAR DEBIDO A ESTENOSIS DE LA ARTERIA RENAL EN EL SÍNDROME DE KLIPPEL-FEIL Reportamos un paciente afectado por un syndrome de Klippel-Feil, otras anormalias congenitas, hipertension arterial incontrolada y una estenosis unilateral de la arteria renal. Este paciente fue sometido a un tratamiento quirÚrgico de la estenosis de la arteria renal, cuyos resultados fueron no satisfactorios por lo que revisamos todas las alternativas de tratamiento para la estenosis

  14. Analysis of Renal Artery Stenosis in Patients with Heart Failure: A RASHEF Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Bin; Ma, Qin; Zheng, Li-Hong; Yong, Qiang; He, Yi-Hua; Liu, Jing-Hua

    2015-10-20

    Previous data are controversial about the association of renal artery stenosis (RAS) with clinical outcome in patients with heart failure. Definition of RAS in previous studies might not be appropriate. By definition of RAS with renal duplex sonography, we investigated the association of RAS with clinical outcome in patients with heart failure. In this retrospective study, we identified 164 patients with heart failure (New York Heart Association classification ≥II; left ventricular ejection fraction renal duplex sonography during hospital stay. RAS was defined as renal-aortic ratio ≥3.5 or a peak systolic velocity ≥200 cm/s (or both), or occlusion of the renal artery. Categorical data of patients were compared using the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Cox proportional hazards regression modeling technique was used to investigate the prognostic significance of possible predictors. Finally, 143 patients were enrolled. Median follow-up time was 32 months (1-53 months). Twenty-two patients were diagnosed as RAS by renal duplex sonography, including 13 unilateral RAS (3 left RAS, 10 right RAS) and 9 bilateral RAS. There were more all-cause mortality and cardiovascular death in patients with RAS than patients without RAS. By multivariate analysis, RAS was a significant predictor for all-cause death and cardiovascular death (hazard ratio [HR] = 4.155, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.546-11.164, P = 0.005; and HR = 3.483, 95% CI: 1.200-10.104, P = 0.022, respectively). As for composite endpoint events, including death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke or intracranial hemorrhage, rehospitalization for cardiac failure, and renal replacement therapy, only angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor or angiotensin-receptor blocker was significant predictor. RAS was not a significant predictor for composite endpoint events. Our data suggested that RAS is associated with a poorer clinical outcome in patients with heart failure.

  15. The impact of contralateral carotid artery stenosis on outcomes after carotid endarterectomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pothof, Alexander B; Soden, Peter A; Fokkema, Margriet; Zettervall, Sara L; Deery, Sarah E; Bodewes, Thomas C F; de Borst, Gert J; Schermerhorn, Marc L

    2017-12-01

    Patients with contralateral carotid occlusion (CCO) have been excluded from randomized clinical trials because of a deemed high risk for adverse neurologic outcomes with carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Evidence for this rationale is limited and conflicting. Therefore, we aimed to compare outcomes after CEA between patients with and without CCO and varying degrees of contralateral carotid stenosis (CCS). We identified patients undergoing CEA from 2003 to 2015 in the Vascular Study Group of New England (VSGNE) registry. Patients were stratified by preoperative symptom status and presence of CCO. Multivariable analysis was used to account for differences in demographics and comorbidities. Our primary outcome was 30-day stroke/death risk. Of 15,487 patients we identified who underwent CEA, 10,377 (67%) were asymptomatic. CCO was present in 914 patients, of whom 681 (75%) were asymptomatic. Overall, the 30-day stroke/death was 2.0% for symptomatic patients (CCO: 2.6%) and 1.1% for asymptomatic patients (CCO: 2.3%). After adjustment, including symptom status, CCO was associated with higher 30-day stroke/death (odds ratio [OR], 2.1; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.4-3.3; P = .001), any in-hospital stroke (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.7-4.6; P carotid artery stenting than after CEA. We believe that CEA remains a valid and safe option for patients with CCO and that CCO should not be applied as a criterion to promote carotid artery stenting per se. Copyright © 2017 Society for Vascular Surgery. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Cardiovascular Structure and Function in Children With Middle Aortic Syndrome and Renal Artery Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rumman, Rawan K; Slorach, Cameron; Hui, Wei; Matsuda-Abedini, Mina; Langlois, Valerie; Radhakrishnan, Seetha; Lorenzo, Armando J; Amaral, Joao; Mertens, Luc; Parekh, Rulan S

    2017-12-01

    Middle aortic syndrome (MAS) is a narrowing of the abdominal aorta, often in conjunction with renal artery stenosis (RAS). Structure and function of the cardiovascular system are not well understood. In a prospective cross-sectional study, 35 children with MAS or RAS or both (MAS/RAS) were compared with 140 age-, sex-, and body surface area-matched healthy children. Vascular assessment included carotid intima-media thickness and carotid distensibility using B-mode ultrasound and central and peripheral pulse wave velocities using applanation tonometry. Left ventricular structure and function were assessed by 2-dimensional and speckle-tracking echocardiography. Children with MAS or RAS were 12.5±3.0 years old at enrollment, and 50% were men. Carotid intima-media thickness (0.54±0.10 versus 0.44±0.05 mm; Pchildren with disease compared with healthy children; however, after adjustment for systolic blood pressure z score, only carotid intima-media thickness remained significantly higher in the MAS/RAS group compared with the controls (β=0.07 [0.03, 0.10]). Peripheral pulse wave velocities and carotid distensibility were normal. Children with disease had significantly increased left ventricular mass and changes in diastolic function (lower E/a ratio and lower e' velocities). Systolic parameters, including ejection fraction, global longitudinal and circumferential strain, were similar to controls. Our findings demonstrate that children with MAS or RAS have evidence of carotid and left ventricular remodeling, without peripheral arterial involvement, which suggests a localized disease process. Left ventricular systolic function is preserved; however, subtle changes in diastolic function are observed. Carotid vessel changes are consistent with a 5- to 10-year aging, which underscores the importance of blood pressure control. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  17. Diabetes insipidus-like state complicating percutaneous transluminal renal stenting for transplant renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Lu; He, Yangyan; Zhang, Hongkun; Wu, Ziheng; Li, Donglin; Chen, Shanwen

    2014-07-01

    To report the incidence, etiology, and treatments of diabetes insipidus-like state that complicate percutaneous transluminal renal stenting (PTRS) for transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). Data from 7 patients on whom PTRS for TRAS was performed between October 2008 and March 2012 were reviewed retrospectively. The parameters investigated included blood flow velocity, blood pressure, and creatinine levels before and after the intervention. The procedural success rate was 100%. Three cases developed a diabetes insipidus-like state in the immediate postprocedural period. Urine output returned to normal within 2 weeks after treatment. The median blood flow velocity was significantly reduced from 4.51 m/sec (4.31-4.61 m/sec) at the time of TRAS diagnosis to 1.33 m/sec (1.31-1.51 m/sec) at the most recent follow-up of the group with a diabetes insipidus-like state. The ratio of median blood flow velocity before and after stenting in the group with a diabetes insipidus-like state was significantly higher than that in the group without a diabetes insipidus-like state (3.39 vs. 1.93). Diabetes insipidus-like state that complicates PTRS for TRAS is not an uncommon event, but appears to be underreported in the medical literature. A high ratio of pre- and poststenting median blood flow velocity may be a predictor for a postprocedural diabetes insipidus-like state. The most probable cause may be the marked increase in renal arterial flow. Early recognition of the condition is essential to avoid dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Cigarette smoking and cardio-renal events in patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher A Drummond

    Full Text Available Cigarette smoking causes cardiovascular disease and is associated with poor kidney function in individuals with diabetes mellitus and primary kidney diseases. However, the association of smoking on patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis has not been studied. The current study utilized data from the Cardiovascular Outcomes in Renal Atherosclerotic Lesions (CORAL, NCT00081731 clinical trial to evaluate the effects of smoking on the risk of cardio-renal events and kidney function in this population. Baseline data showed that smokers (n = 277 out of 931 were significantly younger at enrollment than non-smokers (63.3±9.1 years vs 72.4±7.8 years; p<0.001. In addition, patients who smoke were also more likely to have bilateral renal artery stenoses and peripheral vascular disease (PVD. Longitudinal analysis showed that smokers experienced composite endpoint events (defined as first occurrence of: stroke; cardiovascular or renal death; myocardial infarction; hospitalization for congestive heart failure; permanent renal replacement; and progressive renal insufficiency defined as 30% reduction of GFR from baseline sustained for ≥ 60 days at a substantially younger age compared to non-smokers (67.1±9.0 versus 76.1±7.9, p<0.001. Using linear regression and generalized linear modeling analysis controlled by age, sex, and ethnicity, smokers had significantly higher cystatin C levels (1.3±0.7 vs 1.2±0.9, p<0.01 whereas creatinine and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR were not different from non-smokers. From these data we conclude that smoking has a significant association with deleterious cardio-renal outcomes in patients with renovascular hypertension.

  19. Implication of the presence of a variant hepatic artery during the Whipple procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Rubio-Manzanares-Dorado

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The anatomical variants of the hepatic artery may have important implications for pancreatic cancer surgery. The aim of our study is to compare the outcome following a pancreatoduodenectomy (PD in patients with or without a variant hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. Material and methods: We reviewed 151 patients with periampullary tumoral pathology. All patients underwent oncological PD between January 2005 and February 2012. Our series was divided into two groups: Group A: Patients with a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery; and Group B: Patients without a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. We expressed the results as mean ± standard deviation for continuous variables and percentages for qualitative variables. Statistical tests were considered significant if p < 0.05. Results: We identified 11 patients with a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery (7.3%. The most frequent variant was an aberrant right hepatic artery (n = 7, following by the accessory right hepatic artery (n = 2 and the common hepatic artery trunk arising from the superior mesenteric artery (n = 2. In 73% of cases the diagnosis of the variant was intraoperative. R0 resection was performed in all patients with a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. There were no significant differences in the tumor resection margins and the incidence of postoperative complications. Conclusion: Oncological PD is feasible by the presence of a hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery. The complexity of having it does not seem to influence in tumor resection margins, complications and survival.

  20. Mirizzi syndrome associated with hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderson Oliver

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction This is the first case report of Mirizzi syndrome associated with hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. Case presentation A 54-year-old man presented with painful obstructive jaundice and weight loss. Computed tomography showed a hilar mass in the liver. Following an episode of haemobilia, angiography demonstrated a pseudoaneurysm of a branch of the right hepatic artery that was embolised. At surgery, a gallstone causing Mirizzi type II syndrome was found to be responsible for the biliary obstruction and a necrotic inflammatory mass and haematoma were found to be extending into the liver. The mass was debrided and drained, the obstructing stones removed and the bile duct drained with a t-tube. The patient made a full recovery. Conclusion This case highlights another situation where there may be difficulty in differentiating Mirizzi syndrome from biliary tract cancer.

  1. Hibernating myocardium caused by isolated, radiation induced left main stem coronary artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ellis, G.R.; Penny, W.J. [University Hospital of Wales, Cardiology Dept., Cardiff (United Kingdom)

    1997-10-01

    A 45-year old man presented with a five week history of worsening exertional dyspnoea and orthopnoea. He had also noted mild, bilateral ankle swelling. The patient hads been diagnosed with stage III Hodgkins lymphoma in 1968 at the age of 21. During the same year he underwent total nodal irradiation followed by chemotherapy in 1971. He had remained entirely asymptomatic over the course of the next 24 years with no evidence of relapse. Cardiac catheterisation undertaken soon after admission revealed a tight left main stem stenosis with a left dominant system. Left ventriculogram showed severe, global hypokinesia, and raised left ventricular end diastolic pressure (22 mm Hg). Urgent coronary artery bypass graft surgery was carried out. He made an uncomplicated recovery and his condition improved sufficiently to allow discharge eight days following the procedure. His heart failure slowly resolved and repeat transthoracic echocardiogram performed six months after surgery showed an unequivocal improvement in left ventricular function. Left ventricular ejection fraction continued to improve and increased from 23% at two months to 42% at two years. He currently remains entirely asymptomatic off all medication. (Author).

  2. Hibernating myocardium caused by isolated, radiation induced left main stem coronary artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellis, G R; Penny, W J

    1997-10-01

    A 45 year old man presented with a five week history of worsening exertional dyspnoea and orthopnoea. He had also noted mild, bilateral ankle swelling. The patient had been diagnosed with stage III Hodgkin's lymphoma in 1968 at the age of 21. During the same year he underwent total nodal irradiation followed by chemotherapy in 1971. He had remained entirely asymptomatic over the course of the next 24 years with no evidence of relapse. Cardiac catheterisation undertaken soon after admission revealed a tight left main stem stenosis with a left dominant system. Left ventriculogram showed severe, global hypokinesia, and raised left ventricular end diastolic pressure (22 mm Hg). Urgent coronary artery bypass graft surgery was carried out. He made an uncomplicated recovery and his condition improved sufficiently to allow discharge eight days following the procedure. His heart failure slowly resolved and repeat transthoracic echocardiogram performed six months after surgery showed an unequivocal improvement in left ventricular function. Left ventricular ejection fraction continued to improve and increased from 23% at two months to 42% at two years. He currently remains entirely asymptomatic off all medication.

  3. Symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery atherosclerotic stenosis (≥70%) with concurrent contralateral vertebral atherosclerotic diseases in 88 patients treated with the intracranial stenting

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Zi-Liang [Stroke Center, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, Zhengzhou University (China); Gao, Bu-Lang [Department of Medical Research Shijiazhuang First Hospital, Hebei Medical University (China); Li, Tian-Xiao, E-mail: litianxiaod@163.com [Stroke Center, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, Zhengzhou University (China); Cai, Dong-Yang; Zhu, Liang-Fu; Bai, Wei-Xing; Xue, Jiang-Yu; Li, Zhao-Shuo [Stroke Center, Henan Provincial People’s Hospital, Zhengzhou University (China)

    2015-09-15

    Highlights: • Symptomatic vertebral artery stenosis can be treated with intracranial stenting. • Stenting for intracranial vertebral artery stenosis is safe and effective. • Stenting for intracranial vertebral artery stenosis can prevent long-term stroke. - Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the safety, effect and instent restenosis rate of Wingspan stenting in treating patients with intracranial vertebral artery atherosclerotic stenosis (70–99%) concurrent with contralateral vertebral artery atherosclerotic diseases. Materials and methods: Eighty-eight patients with severe symptomatic intracranial vertebral artery atherosclerotic stenosis (≥70%) combined with contralateral vertebral artery atherosclerotic diseases were treated with the Wingpsan stent. All the baseline, cerebral angiography, success rate, perioperative complications, clinical and imaging follow-up data were prospectively analyzed. Results: The success rate of stenting was 100%, and the mean stenotic rate was reduced from prestenting (84.9 ± 6.8)% to poststenting (17.2 ± 5.9)%. The perioperative stroke rate was 1.1%. Among eighty patients (90.9%) with clinical follow-up 8-62 months (mean 29.3 ± 17.2) poststenting, five (6.3%) had posterior circulation TIA only, three (3.8%) had mild stroke in the posterior circulation but recovered completely, and another five patients greater than 70 years old died of non-ischemic stroke. Imaging follow-up in 46 patients (52.3%) 5–54 months (mean 9.9 ± 9.9) following stenting revealed instent restenosis in 12 patients (26.1%) including 7 (58.3%) symptomatic restenosis. Age and residual stenosis were the two factors to significantly (P < 0.05) affect instent restenosis. Conclusion: Wingspan stenting in the intracranial vertebral artery atherosclerotic stenosis combined with contralateral vertebral artery atherosclerotic diseases has a low perioperative stroke rate and a good preventive effect on long-term ischemic stroke, but the instent restenosis

  4. Estenose arterial pós-transplante hepático: tratamento com angioplastia transluminal percutânea

    OpenAIRE

    Kisilevzky,Néstor Hugo; Freitas,José Maria Modenesi; Pandullo, Fernando Luis; Genzini,Tércio; Miranda, Marcelo Perosa de; Pollara, Wilson Modesto

    1998-01-01

    Vascular complications after liver transplantation include oclusion or stenosis at the sites of anastomosis in the hepatic artery, portal vein, and vena cava. Balloon angioplasty of these stenosis carries little risk and is a useful procedure for the treatment of these problems. The purpose of this paper was to assess whether percutaneous transluminal angioplasty can help to prolong allograft survival and impruve allograft function in patient with hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplan...

  5. Prolonged mean reaction time in posterior cerebral artery during visual stimulation in patients with severe carotid stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bedeković, Marina Roje; Lovrenčić-Huzjan, Arijana; Puretić, Marijana Bosnar; Demarin, Vida

    2011-07-01

    While the mean increase in flow velocities in posterior cerebral artery (PCA) as a response to visual stimuli is well documented, the data on the reaction time as a measurement of the vasomotor response of the posterior part of the circle of Willis are still sparse. The aim was to assess the visual evoked response in PCA during white light stimulation by means of functional transcranial doppler in patients with severe internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis, to introduce a real-time haemodynamic changes as a measurement of the effect of severe carotid disease on the posterior circulation. The measurements were taken in 49 right-handed patients with severe ICA stenosis or occlusion and 30 healthy volunteers, simultaneously in left and right PCA using 2-MHz probes, successively in the dark and during the white light stimulation, during three consecutive repetitive periods of 1 min each. Mean values of mean blood flow velocities (MBFV) and mean reaction time (MRT) with and without visual stimuli were analysed. Linear regression analysis showed no statistically significant correlation between the age, MBFV and a degree of left and right carotid stenosis, and MRT in left and right PCA either in the group of healthy subjects or in the group of patients with severe carotid stenosis, in both test conditions. MRT could be an indicator of compromised cerebral circulation in the presence of haemodynamic significant carotid stenosis as well as an additional and independent haemodynamic parameter of the cerebral visual evoked response. © 2011 The Authors. Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging © 2011 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine.

  6. Asymmetry of intracranial internal carotid artery on 3D TOF MR angiography: a sign of unilateral extracranial stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naggara, Olivier; Seiller, Nicolas; Gobin-Metteil, Marie-Pierre; Meder, Jean-Francois; Oppenheim, Catherine [Faculte de Medecine Rene Descartes, Universite Paris 5. Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne, Department of Neuroradiology, Paris cedex 14 (France); Touze, Emmanuel; Mas, Jean-Louis [Faculte de Medecine Rene Descartes, Universite Paris 5. Centre Hospitalier Sainte-Anne, Department of Neurology, Paris cedex 14 (France)

    2008-05-15

    The purpose of this case-control study was to determine whether an asymmetry of size of the intracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) on 3D time-of-flight MR angiography (MRA) is predictive of a high-grade cervical ICA stenosis. Ninety-six stroke/TIA consecutive patients were recruited for the study, of whom 32 had unilateral high-grade ICA stenosis ({>=}70% NASCET) and were included into the case group, and the remaining 64 did not have such high-grade stenosis and were included in the control group. On intracranial MRA, two observers, blinded to the characteristics of cervical ICA stenosis, independently searched for qualitative size asymmetry between ICAs and measured the cross-sectional surface of the intracranial ICAs. An intracranial size asymmetry was seen in 28 of the 32 high-grade stenoses by both readers, and in 10 (reader{sub 1}) and 8 (reader{sub 2}) of the 64 controls (sensitivity = 88%, specificity = 84-88%). In patients without agenesia of the A1 segment of the circle of Willis (n = 70), sensitivity was {>=}90% and specificity = 96%. Surfaces ratios were significantly different (p < 0.001) between cases and controls. However, using ROC curves analysis, the quantitative processing did not improve the detection when compared with the qualitative assessment of intracranial ICA asymmetry. A size asymmetry of the intracranial ICAs reveals the presence of an underlying high-grade cervical stenosis, with a high degree of confidence, especially in patients without anatomical variant of the anterior part of the circle of Willis. This sign may allow an early detection of high-grade cervical carotid stenosis in stroke patients before dedicated neck imaging is performed. (orig.)

  7. Hepaticocystic duct and a rare extra-hepatic "cruciate" arterial anastomosis: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abeysuriya Vasitha

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction The variations in the morphological characteristics of the extra-hepatic biliary system are interesting. Case presentation During the dissection of cadavers to study the morphological characteristics of the extra-hepatic biliary system, a 46-year-old male cadaver was found to have drainage of the common hepatic duct drains directly into the gall bladder neck. The right and left hepatic ducts were not seen extra-hepatically. Further drainage of the bile away from the gallbladder and into the duodenum was provided by the cystic duct. Formation of the common bile duct by the union of the common hepatic duct and cystic duct was absent. Further more the right hepatic artery was found to be communicating with the left hepatic artery by a "bridging artery" after giving rise to the cystic artery. An accessory hepatic artery originated from the "bridging artery" forming a "cruciate" hepatic arterial anastomosis. Conclusion Combination of a Hepaticocystic duct and an aberrant variation in the extra-hepatic arterial system is extremely rare.

  8. Time-of-flight MR angiography of carotid artery stenosis: does a flow void represent severe stenosis?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nederkoorn, Paul J.; van der Graaf, Yolanda; Eikelboom, Bert C.; van der Lugt, Aad; Bartels, Lambertus W.; Mali, Willem P. T. M.

    2002-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) is commonly used to visualize the carotid arteries; however, flow void artifacts can appear. Our purpose was to determine the frequency and diagnostic meaning of flow voids by using real patient data, as part of a

  9. Management of Type 9 Hepatic Arterial Anatomy at the time of Pancreaticoduodenectomy: Considerations for Preservation and Reconstruction of a Completely Replaced Common Hepatic Artery

    OpenAIRE

    Hicks, Caitlin W.; Burkhart, Richard A.; Weiss, Matthew J.; Wolfgang, Christopher L.; Cameron, Andrew M; Pawlik, Timothy M.

    2016-01-01

    Recognition and management of aberrant hepatic arterial anatomy for patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) are critical to ensure safe completion of the operation. When the common hepatic artery (CHA) is noted to emanate from the superior mesenteric artery (Michels? type 9 variant), it is vulnerable to injury during the dissection required for PD. While this anatomy does not preclude an operation, care must be taken to avoid injury, often by identifying the CHA throughout its entire...

  10. Reperfusion does not improve impaired rapid-onset cortical plasticity in patients with severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonathan List

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA has been associated with impaired cognition in patients, but its effect on rapid-onset cortical plasticity is not known. Carotid endarterectomy (CEA in patients with severe ICA stenosis reduces stroke risk, but the impact on cognition or physiology of the respective hemisphere remains controversial. METHODS/RESULTS: 16 patients with severe stenosis of the ICA and 16 age and sex matched controls were included. Rapid-onset cortical plasticity was assessed using the paired-associative stimulation (PAS protocol. PAS models long-term synaptic potentiation in human motor cortex, combining repetitive stimulation of the peripheral ulnar nerve with transcranial magnetic stimulation of the contralateral motor cortex. Cognitive status was assessed with a neuropsychological test battery. In patients, verbal learning and rapid-onset cortical plasticity were significantly reduced as compared to controls. Identical follow-up tests in 9 of the 16 patients six months after CEA revealed no improvement of cognitive parameters or cortical plasticity. CONCLUSIONS: Decreased rapid-onset cortical plasticity in patients with severe stenosis of the ICA was not improved by reperfusion. Thus, other strategies known to increase plasticity should be tested for their potential to improve cortical plasticity and subsequently cognition in these patients.

  11. The usefulness of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of the middle cerebral artery stenosis in patients with transient ischemic attack

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Young Chul; Lim, Hyo Soon; Kim, Jae Kyu; Seo, Jeong Jin; Jeong, Gwang Woo; Kang, Heoung Keun [Chonnam National Univ. Medical School, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2001-06-01

    To determine the effectiveness of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty(PTA) of atherosclerotic middle cerebral artery(MCA) stenosis in patients with transient ischemic attack (TIA). Ten patients with TIA who had undergone PTA were retrospectively investigated. In all ten, angiography revealed stenosis of the MCA. Mechanical dilatation was performed at the stenotic portion, and the angiographic findings after PTA, as well as peri/post-angioplastic complications, were evaluated. Four to 64 (mean, 23.5) months later, neurologic symptoms and the nature and timing of recurrent attacks were also assessed. The degree of stenosis before PTA was 50-75% in six patients and greater than 75% in four. Complete or partial angiographic recanalization of the stenotic segment occurred in nine patients (90%). During follow-up, seven patients recovered without recurrent TIA or cerebral stroke; one reported a tingling sensation and one experienced vertebrobasilar insufficiency. Motor aphasia developed in one patient after PTA, but after systemic heparinization, improved within 24 hours. One patient who suffered intracranial hemorrhage due to vascular rupture during PTA did three days later. PTA for atherosclerotic MCA stenosis in patients with TIA is an effective therapeutic method.

  12. Platelet activation, function, and reactivity in atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis: a systematic review of the literature.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kinsella, J A

    2012-09-27

    An important proportion of transient ischemic attack or ischemic stroke is attributable to moderate or severe (50-99%) atherosclerotic carotid stenosis or occlusion. Platelet biomarkers have the potential to improve our understanding of the pathogenesis of vascular events in this patient population. A detailed systematic review was performed to collate all available data on ex vivo platelet activation and platelet function\\/reactivity in patients with carotid stenosis. Two hundred thirteen potentially relevant articles were initially identified; 26 manuscripts met criteria for inclusion in this systematic review. There was no consistent evidence of clinically informative data from urinary or soluble blood markers of platelet activation in patients with symptomatic moderate or severe carotid stenosis who might be considered suitable for carotid intervention. Data from flow cytometry studies revealed evidence of excessive platelet activation in patients in the early, sub-acute, or late phases after transient ischemic attack or stroke in association with moderate or severe carotid stenosis and in asymptomatic moderate or severe carotid stenosis compared with controls. Furthermore, pilot data suggest that platelet activation may be increased in recently symptomatic than in asymptomatic severe carotid stenosis. Excessive platelet activation and platelet hyperreactivity may play a role in the pathogenesis of first or subsequent transient ischemic attack or stroke in patients with moderate or severe carotid stenosis. Larger longitudinal studies assessing platelet activation status with flow cytometry and platelet function\\/reactivity in symptomatic vs. asymptomatic carotid stenosis are warranted to improve our understanding of the mechanisms responsible for transient ischemic attack or stroke.

  13. Concurrent assessment of epicardial coronary artery stenosis and microvascular dysfunction using diagnostic endpoints derived from fundamental fluid dynamics principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banerjee, Rupak K; Ashtekar, Koustubh D; Effat, Mohamed A; Helmy, Tarek A; Kim, Edward; Schneeberger, Eric W; Sinha, Roy A; Gottliebson, William M; Back, Lloyd H

    2009-10-01

    Simultaneously measured pressure and flow distal to coronary stenoses can be combined, in conjunction with anatomical measurements, to assess the status of both the epicardial and microvascular circulations. Assessments of coronary hemodynamics were performed using fundamental fluid dynamics principles. We hypothesized that the pressure-drop coefficient (CDPe; trans-stenotic pressure drop divided by the dynamic pressure in the distal vessel) correlates linearly with epicardial and microcirculatory resistances concurrently. In 14 pigs, simultaneous measurements of distal coronary arterial pressure and flow were performed using a dual sensor-tipped guidewire in the setting of both normal and disrupted microcirculation, with the presence of epicardial coronary lesions of lt; 50% area stenosis (AS) and > 50% AS. The CDPe progressively increased from lesions of 50% AS and had a higher resolving power (45 +/- 22 to 193 +/- 140 in normal microcirculation; 248 +/- 137 to 351 +/- 140 in disrupted microcirculation) as compared to fractional flow reserve (FFR) and coronary flow reserve (CFR). Strong multiple linear correlation was observed for CDPe with combined FFR and CFR (r = 0.72; p < 0.0001). Further, the ratio of maximum pressure drop coefficient evaluated at the site of stenosis and its theoretical limiting value of minimum cross-sectional area was also able to distinguish different combinations of coronary artery diseases. The CDPe can be readily obtained during routine pressure and flow measurements during cardiac catheterization. It is a promising clinical diagnostic parameter that can independently assess the severity of epicardial stenosis and microvascular impairment.

  14. Long-term outcome of endovascular treatment versus medical care for carotid artery stenosis in patients not suitable for surgery and randomised in the Carotid and Vertebral Artery Transluminal Angioplasty study (CAVATAS).

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ederle, Jörg

    2009-01-01

    Optimal treatment of carotid stenosis in patients not suitable for surgery is unclear. The Carotid and Vertebral Artery Transluminal Angioplasty study contained a trial comparing medical and endovascular treatment in patients not suitable for surgery.

  15. Decreased muscle mass in Korean subjects with intracranial arterial stenosis: The Kangbuk Samsung Health Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jung, Ho-Jung; Jung, Hwanseok; Lee, Taeyoung; Kim, Jongho; Park, Jongsin; Kim, Hacsoo; Cho, Junghwan; Lee, Won-Young; Park, Sung-Woo; Rhee, Eun-Jung; Oh, Hyung-Geun

    2017-01-01

    Intracranial arterial stenosis (ICAS) is a common cause of ischemic stroke in Asians. Decreased muscle mass is one of the major causes of chronic disease in adults. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between muscle mass and ICAS in Korean adults. For this study, we selected a total of 10,530 participants (mean age, 43.3 years; 8558 men) in a health screening program, for whom transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasound was used to detect >50% ICAS based on criteria modified from the stroke outcomes and neuroimaging of intracranial atherosclerosis trial. Body composition was evaluated by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA). Skeletal muscle index (SMI) was calculated with muscle mass/weight (kg) * 100. Among the total patient population, 322 (3.1%) subjects had ICAS. Subjects with ICAS were older, and had higher mean values for fasting glucose, body mass index and blood pressure compared with those without ICAS. Subjects with ICAS had significantly lower muscle mass, SMI and higher percent body fat compared with those without ICAS. In logistic regression analysis, the subjects in the highest tertile of muscle mass had the lowest odds ratio for ICAS with the lowest tertile group of muscle mass as the reference group even after adjusting for age, systolic blood pressure, fasting blood glucose, sex, smoking and exercise (OR 0.650, 95% CI 0.442-0.955). Subjects with ICAS had significantly decreased muscle mass compared with those without ICAS in Korean adults. The risk for ICAS was lower in subjects with higher muscle mass. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  16. Metabolomics of renal venous plasma from individuals with unilateral renal artery stenosis and essential hypertension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhee, Eugene P; Clish, Clary B; Pierce, Kerry A; Saad, Ahmed; Lerman, Lilach O; Textor, Stephen C

    2015-04-01

    To compare the metabolite profiles of venous effluent from both kidneys of individuals with unilateral atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) in order to directly examine how impaired renal blood flow impacts small-molecule handling in humans. We applied liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry based metabolite profiling to venous plasma obtained from the stenotic (STK) and contralateral (CLK) kidneys of ARAS patients (n = 16), and both the kidneys of essential hypertensive controls (n = 11). Study samples were acquired during a 3-day protocol that included iothalamate clearance measurements, radiographic kidney phenotyping (Duplex ultrasound, multidetector computed tomography, and blood-oxygen-level-dependent MRI), and controlled sodium and caloric intake and antihypertensive treatment. Partial least squares-discriminant analysis demonstrated clear separation of essential hypertensive kidney metabolite profiles versus STK and CLK metabolite profiles, but no separation between metabolite profiles of STK and CLK samples. All of the discriminating metabolites were similarly elevated in the STK and CLK samples, likely reflecting the lower glomerular filtration rate in the ARAS versus essential hypertensive individuals (mean 66.1 versus 89.2  ml/min per 1.73 m). In a paired analysis within the ARAS group, no metabolite was significantly altered in STK compared with CLK samples; notably, creatinine was the same in STK and CLK samples (STK/CLK ratio = 1.0, P = 0.9). Results were unchanged in an examination of ARAS patients in the bottom half of renal tissue perfusion or oxygenation. Metabolite profiling does not differentiate venous effluent from STKs or CLKs in individuals with unilateral ARAS, despite the measurable loss of kidney volume and blood flow on the affected side. These findings are consistent with the kidney's ability to adapt to ARAS to maintain a range of metabolic functions.

  17. Extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation for breath-holding spells followed by cardiac arrest due to left main coronary artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozyilmaz, Isa; Altin, Husnu Fırat; Yildiz, Okan; Erek, Ersin; Ergul, Yakup; Guzeltas, Alper

    2015-06-01

    Non-syndromic congenital supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS) leads to ventricular hypertrophy and increased oxygen consumption, and when combined with other factors reduces coronary blood flow, potentially resulting in myocardial ischemia and sudden cardiac death. While the anatomic obstruction of coronary circulation is as common in non-syndromic SVAS as in Williams syndrome, it often remains unacknowledged. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is an elective procedure that can be used to support patients with cardiac arrest during diagnosis as a way to reduce cardiopulmonary load in preparation for surgery or further treatment. In this report, we describe the rare case of an infant with severe SVAS and mild valvular pulmonary and left main coronary artery stenosis, as well as breath-holding spells. After multiple cardiac arrests, the infant underwent diagnostic catheter angiography on ECMO and had the pathology surgically corrected. © 2015 Japan Pediatric Society.

  18. A high prevalence of carotid artery stenosis in male patients older than 65 years, irrespective of presenting clinical manifestation of atherosclerotic diseases

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kazemi-Bajestani, S.M.; Vlugt, M.J. van der; Leeuw, F.E. de; Blankensteijn, J.D.; Bredie, S.J.H.

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated the prevalence of carotid artery stenosis (CS) and the association with various risk factors in male patients (>65 years) diagnosed with cardiovascular diseases. Duplex sonography of the carotid arteries was performed in 434 of 473 eligible patients of whom 118 (27.8%)

  19. A Case of Severe Carotid Stenosis in a Patient with Familial Hypercholesterolemia without Significant Coronary Artery Disease

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    Marcos Aurélio Lima Barros

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH is an inherited metabolic disorder characterized by elevated low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in the blood. In its heterozygous form, it occurs in 1 in 500 individuals in the general population. It is an important contributor to the early onset of coronary artery disease (CAD, accounting for 5–10% of cases of cardiovascular events in people younger than 50 years. Atherogenesis triggered by hypercholesterolemia generally progresses faster in the coronary arteries, followed by the subsequent involvement of other arteries such as the carotids. Thus, symptoms of CAD commonly appear before the onset of significant carotid stenosis. Herein, we report the case of a patient with untreated FH who had severe carotid atherosclerosis at the age of 46 years but had no evidence of significant CAD.

  20. Non-modifiable Factors of Coronary Artery Stenosis in Late Onset Patients with Coronary Artery Disease in Southern Iranian Population

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    Seyeed Mohammad Bager Tabei

    2014-03-01

    Conclusion: These researches show that ageing increases the risk of coronary heart stenosis; also, females are more than men protected against this disease. The impact of family history of myocardial infarction and consanguineous marriage were not associated with of CAD.

  1. The role of hepatic arterial Doppler ultrasound after liver transplantation: an 'audit cycle' evaluation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    MacEneaney, P.M.; Malone, D.E.; Skehan, S.J.; Curry, M.P.; Miller, J.C.; Gibney, R.G.; Traynor, O.; McCormick, P.A

    2000-07-01

    AIMS: To compare the diagnostic performance of hepatic arterial (HA) Doppler ultrasound post-liver transplantation for hepatic artery thrombosis and stenosis in our unit with the literature. To evaluate the role of the technique in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a two-phase 'audit cycle' study, adult OLT patients had Doppler studies comprising detection of HA flow and measurements of peak systolic velocity, resistive index and systolic acceleration time. In phase I, patients had Doppler examinations 'routinely' and for any hepatic biochemical abnormality. In phase II, Doppler ultrasound was performed early post-OLT and later only if a senior transplant clinician suspected graft ischaemia. In addition to HA measurements the waveform was visually assessed. Clinical outcome was the 'gold standard'. RESULTS: Phase 1: 38 patients, 40 OLT operations, 125 Doppler studies; 14 arteriograms. Phase 2: 35 patients, 42 OLT operations, two HA angioplasties, one HA revision, one non-occlusive thrombus, 140 studies; 17 arteriograms. Results; Phase 1 [Phase 2]: sensitivity 80% [100%]; specificity 71% [81%]; PPV 28% [56%]; NPV 96% [100%]; incidence of HA abnormality 12.5% [19.5%]; likelihood ratio of negative result 0.28 [0]; of positive result 2.8 [5.3]. CONCLUSION: Previously reported results are reproducible. Normal HA waveform should also be a criterion of normality. The technique is very sensitive but relatively non-specific. Predictive values improve with discriminate use. MacEneaney, P. M. (2000)

  2. Ruptured aneurysm of the hepatic artery: a mismatching diagnosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vincenzo Bua

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hepatic aneurysms are extremely rare with very few cases reported, and most have been source of misdiagnosis and clinical pitfalls in emergency medicine. Presentation with intraabdominal hemorrhage is associated with a high mortality rate. Case report: We report the case of an adult male, referred for a severe acute pain in the left lower chest-upper quadrant abdomen pain. We present multislice contrast-enhanced CT-scanning and angiographic findings, and a life-saving emergency trancatheter embolization, using fragments of absorbable gelatin sponge. Emergency doctors should consider ruptured hepatic artery aneurysms in the differential diagnosis of acute abdominal pain and promptly cooperate with endovascular specialists to treat this life-threatening condition.

  3. Flow Characterization of Severe Carotid Artery Stenosis in Pre- and Post-operative Phantoms by Using Magnetic Resonance Velocimetry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ko, Seungbin; Song, Simon; Kim, Doosang

    2016-11-01

    It is remained unknown that the flow characteristics changes between pre- and post-operative severe carotid artery stenosis could affect the long-term patency or failure. However, in-vivo clinical experiments to uncover the flow details are far from bed-side due to limited measurement resolutions, blurring artifact, etc. We studied detailed flow characteristics of more than 75% severe carotid artery stenosis before and after surgical treatments. Real-size flow phantoms for 10 patients, who underwent carotid endarterectomy with patch/no patch closure, were prepared by using a 3D rapid-prototype machine from CT scanned images. The working fluid is a glycerin aqueous solution, and patient-specific pulsatile flows were applied to the phantoms, based on ultrasonic flow rate measurements. The flows were visualized with magnetic resonance velocimetry (MRV). The detailed flow characteristics are presented for both pre- and post-operative carotid arteries along with visualization data of 3 dimensional, 3 component velocity fields. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) (No. 2016R1A2B3009541).

  4. Hepatocellular carcinoma with extensive hepatic artery injury: transcatheter arterial chemoembolization through collaterals after coil embolizatoin of gastric arteries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Gab Choul; Yoon, Hyun Ki; Hwang, Jae Cheol; Lee, Duck Hee; Song, Ho Young; Suh, Dong Jin; Lee, Yung Sang; Chung, Young Hwa; Sung, Gyu Bo [Ulsan Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Ki Young [Catholic Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1999-09-01

    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) after coil embolization of the gastroduodenal artery in hepatocellular carcinoma cases with multiple collateral arteries caused by proper hepatic artery injury. Between March 1997 and November 1998, a prospective trial of transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) was performed through collaterals from the gastroduodenal artery of 31 hepatocellular carcinoma patients with extensive proper hepatic artery injury due to repeated TACE. Among this number, 16 (group A) underwent TACE after coil embolization of the right gastric and gastroduodenal artery. The other 15 patients (group B) underwent TACE without coil embolization. The two groups had the same TNM stage and Clild-Pugh status. During the follow-up period, group A underwent additional TACE 3.3 times, and group B 2.8 times. The therapeutic effect of TACE was evaluated with computed tomography and by measuring alpha-fetoprotein levels. Complications were evaluated by means of gastrofibroscopy, laboratory data, and evaluation of the patients' clinical symptoms. The results obtained after six months and one year were compared within and between each group. At six months follow-up, CT findings had improved or were unchanged in 11 patients(69 %) in group A, and four patients(27 %) in group B(p = 0.032). In ten patients in each group, the level of alpha-fetoprotein was above 200 ng/ml. Its level was decreased in five patients(50 %) and three patients(30 %), respectively. The six-month survival rate was 81 % (13/16) in group A and 67% (10/15) in group B (p 0.43), while the one-year survival figures for these two groups were 50 % (8/16) and 20 % (3/15), respectively(p = 0.135). In group A, the CT findings were steady in five out of eight patients(63 %), while in groupB, CT findings showed that tumors with increased alpha-fetoprotein levels had increased in size and/or number. In group A, it was found that in two (33 %) of six

  5. Glomerular filtration rate measured by {sup 51}Cr-EDTA clearance: evaluation of captopril-induced changes in hypertensive patients with and without renal artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chaves, Anna Alice Rolim; Buchpiguel, Carlos Alberto; Praxedes, Jose Nery; Bortolotto, Luiz Aparecido; Sapienza, Marcelo Tatit, E-mail: annaalice100@yahoo.com.b [Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP), SP (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Neurologia

    2010-07-01

    Introduction: renal artery stenosis can lead to renovascular hypertension; however, the detection of stenosis alone does not guarantee the presence of renovascular hypertension. Renovascular hypertension depends on activation of the renin-angiotensin system, which can be detected by functional tests such as captopril renal scintigraphy. A method that allows direct measurement of the baseline and post-captopril glomerular filtration rate using chromium-51 labeled ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid ({sup 51}Cr-EDTA) could add valuable information to the investigation of hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis. The purposes of this study were to create a protocol to measure the baseline and post-captopril glomerular filtration rate using {sup 51}Cr-EDTA, and to verify whether changes in the glomerular filtration rate permit differentiation between hypertensive patients with and without renal artery stenosis. Methods: this prospective study included 41 consecutive patients with poorly controlled severe hypertension. All patients had undergone a radiological investigation of renal artery stenosis within the month prior to their inclusion. The patients were divided into two groups: patients with (n=21) and without renal artery stenosis, (n=20). In vitro glomerular filtration rate analysis ({sup 51}Cr-EDTA) and {sup 99m}Tc-DMSA scintigraphy were performed before and after captopril administration in all patients. Results: the mean baseline glomerular filtration rate was 48.6+-21.8 ml/kg/1.73 m{sup 2} in the group with renal artery stenosis, which was significantly lower than the GFR of 65.1+-28.7 ml/kg/1.73m{sup 2} in the group without renal artery stenosis (p=0.04). Captopril induced a significant reduction of the glomerular filtration rate in the group with renal artery stenosis (to 32.6+-14.8 ml/kg/1.73m{sup 2}, p=0.001) and an insignificant change in the group without RAS (to 62.2+-23.6 ml/kg/1.73m{sup 2}, p=0.68). Scintigraphy with technetium-99m dimercapto

  6. Glomerular filtration rate measured by 51Cr-EDTA clearance: evaluation of captopril-induced changes in hypertensive patients with and without renal artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Alice Rolim Chaves

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Renal artery stenosis can lead to renovascular hypertension; however, the detection of stenosis alone does not guarantee the presence of renovascular hypertension. Renovascular hypertension depends on activation of the renin-angiotensin system, which can be detected by functional tests such as captopril renal scintigraphy. A method that allows direct measurement of the baseline and post-captopril glomerular filtration rate using chromium-51 labeled ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (51Cr-EDTA could add valuable information to the investigation of hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis. The purposes of this study were to create a protocol to measure the baseline and post-captopril glomerular filtration rate using 51Cr-EDTA, and to verify whether changes in the glomerular filtration rate permit differentiation between hypertensive patients with and without renal artery stenosis. METHODS: This prospective study included 41 consecutive patients with poorly controlled severe hypertension. All patients had undergone a radiological investigation of renal artery stenosis within the month prior to their inclusion. The patients were divided into two groups: patients with (n=21 and without renal artery stenosis, (n=20. In vitro glomerular filtration rate analysis (51Cr-EDTA and 99mTc-DMSA scintigraphy were performed before and after captopril administration in all patients. RESULTS: The mean baseline glomerular filtration rate was 48.6±21.8 ml/kg/1.73 m² in the group wuth renal artery stenosis, which was significantly lower than the GFR of 65.1±28.7 ml/kg/1.73m² in the group without renal artery stenosis (p=0.04. Captopril induced a significant reduction of the glomerular filtration rate in the group with renal artery stenosis (to 32.6±14.8 ml/kg/1.73m², p=0.001 and an insignificant change in the group without RAS (to 62.2±23.6 ml/kg/1.73m², p=0.68. Scintigraphy with technetium-99m dimercapto-succinic acid (DMSA did not show

  7. Palliative arterial switch as first-line treatment before the fontan procedure in patients with single-ventricle physiology and subaortic stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil-Jaurena, Juan Miguel; Zabala, Juan-Ignacio; Albert, Dimpna C; Castillo, Rafael; González, Mayte; Miró, Luis

    2013-07-01

    There are several techniques for the palliative treatment of patients with single-ventricle physiology, ventriculoarterial discordance and subaortic stenosis. The Fontan procedure relies on optimal initial palliation to avoid the development of subaortic stenosis (as well as ventricular hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction). We present seven patients with single-ventricle physiology, transposition of the great arteries and subaortic stenosis, with low systemic output and high pulmonary flow, aged 21 to 383 days (median, 75) and weighing between 3.4 and 9.6kg (median, 4.2). All were treated with a palliative arterial switch, thus "switching" their subaortic stenosis to subpulmonary stenosis. Six patients also underwent aortic arch surgery, 4 an atrial septectomy, and 1 a subaortic membrane resection. One patient died after surgery, another developed recoarctation, which was treated with an angioplasty, 3 patients reached the Glenn stage and 2 the Fontan stage. All had good ventricular function. A palliative switch is an effective initial treatment for single-ventricle physiology with transposition of the great arteries and subaortic stenosis. This complex initial technique produces good results and allows the patient to progress to the Glenn or Fontan stage. Copyright © 2013 Sociedad Española de Cardiología. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  8. Resection of the innominate artery to prevent an impending tracheoinnominate fistula and to permit tracheotomy in a patient with subglottic stenosis and high-riding innominate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tokita, Joshua; Kung, Raymond; Parekh, Kalpaj; Hoffman, Henry

    2014-09-01

    This study aimed to determine the long-term viability of innominate artery resection and tracheotomy for a patient at high risk of developing a tracheoinnominate fistula (TIF) in the setting of subglottic stenosis and a high-riding innominate artery. Chart review with 2-year follow-up. A 45-year-old diabetic man with obstructive sleep apnea and multiple admissions for coma and delirium tremens associated with alcohol abuse developed subglottic stenosis. He was found to have a palpable supraclavicular pulse during preoperative examination for a tracheotomy. Computed tomography examination revealed a high-riding innominate artery at the level of stenosis along with granulation tissue and disruption of the cartilaginous trachea, suggesting a high risk of impending TIF. The patient underwent a sternotomy-approach resection of the innominate artery with closure of the distal stump with a sternohyoid muscle flap. Intraoperatively, a plane of adhesions between the posterior innominate artery and trachea was dissected. The anterior tracheal wall appeared calcified but without evidence of erosion of either the trachea or the artery. Six weeks later, a tracheotomy was performed. Follow-up at 27 months did not identify complications from the innominate artery resection. Resection of the innominate artery is an option for some patients either to address the warning signs of TIF or to permit a tracheotomy to be performed in the presence of a high innominate artery. © The Author(s) 2014.

  9. Transthoracic ultrasonic tissue indices identify patients with severe left anterior descending artery stenosis. Correlation with fractional flow reserve. Pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dobrowolski, Piotr; Kowalski, Mirosław; Rybicka, Justyna; Lech, Agnieszka; Tyczyński, Paweł; Witkowski, Adam; Hoffman, Piotr

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential clinical application of ultrasonic tissue indices, with a focus on systolic strain (SS) and systolic strain rate (SSR) parameters derived from transthoracic echocardiography, in the assessment of left anterior descending artery (LAD) stenosis. The data of 30 patients with significant LAD stenosis were analysed. All patients underwent transthoracic echocardiography to obtain systolic myocardial velocity (Sm), longitudinal SS, and SSR from basal, mid, and apical segments of anterior and inferior walls in two-chamber apical view. Severity of LAD obstruction was measured by means of fractional flow reserve (FFR) during coronary catheterisation. Systolic velocities, strain, and strain rate measured in basal, middle, and apical segments of the anterior left ventricular (LV) wall were lower when compared to those obtained from the corresponding, i.e. unaffected, inferior LV wall. There was a significant correlation between FFR and the value of SS, SSR characterising the apical LV segment of the anterior wall (r = -0.583, p = 0.01; r = -0.598, p = 0.01, respectively). Moreover, we found significant correlation between FFR and Sm in the mid-segment of the LV anterior wall (r = 0.611, p = 0.009). We conclude that SS and SSR obtained from the apical segment of the anterior LV wall may be related to the severity of LAD stenosis.

  10. Hepatic artery Doppler in trisomy 21 and euploid fetuses at 11-13 weeks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zvanca, Mona; Gielchinsky, Yuval; Abdeljawad, Firas; Bilardo, Caterina M.; Nicolaides, Kypros H.

    Objective To determine possible differences in hepatic artery flow between trisomy 21 and euploid fetuses at 11-13 weeks' gestation. Methods Hepatic artery pulsatility index (PI) and peak systolic velocity (PSV) were measured in fetuses at low risk of aneuploidies (n = 350) and another group at high

  11. Coronary artery disease and symptomatic severe aortic valve stenosis: clinical outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer eMancio

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The impact of coronary artery disease (CAD on outcomes after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI has not been clarified. Furthermore, less is known about the indication and strategy of revascularization in these high risk patients. Aims: This study sought to determine the prevalence and prognostic impact of CAD in patients undergoing TAVI, and to assess the safety and feasibility of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI before TAVI.Methods: Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS undergoing TAVI were included into a prospective single centre registry from 2007 to 2012. Clinical outcomes were compared between patients with and without CAD. In some patients with CAD it was decided to perform elective PCI before TAVI after decision by the Heart Team. The primary endpoints were 30-day and 2-year all-cause mortality.Results: A total of 91 consecutive patients with mean age of 79±9 years (52% men underwent TAVI with a median follow-up duration of 16 months (interquartile range of 27.6 months. CAD was present on 46 patients (51%. At 30-day, the incidences of death were similar between CAD and non-CAD patients (9% and 5%, p=0.44, but at 2 years were 50% in CAD patients and 24% in non-CAD patients (crude hazard ratio with CAD, 2.2; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 4.6; p=0.04. Adjusting for age, gender, left ventricular ejection fraction and glomerular filtration rate the hazard of death was 2.6-fold higher in patients with CAD (95% CI, 1.1 to 6.0; p=0.03. Elective PCI before TAVI was performed in 13 patients (28% of CAD patients. There were no more adverse events in patients who underwent TAVI+PCI when compared with those who underwent isolated TAVI. Conclusions: In severe symptomatic AS who underwent TAVI, CAD is frequent and adversely impacts long-term outcomes, but not procedure outcomes. In selected patients, PCI before TAVI appears to be feasible and safe.

  12. Long-Term Results of Stenting versus Endarterectomy for Carotid-Artery Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brott, Thomas G; Howard, George; Roubin, Gary S; Meschia, James F; Mackey, Ariane; Brooks, William; Moore, Wesley S; Hill, Michael D; Mantese, Vito A; Clark, Wayne M; Timaran, Carlos H; Heck, Donald; Leimgruber, Pierre P; Sheffet, Alice J; Howard, Virginia J; Chaturvedi, Seemant; Lal, Brajesh K; Voeks, Jenifer H; Hobson, Robert W

    2016-03-17

    In the Carotid Revascularization Endarterectomy versus Stenting Trial, we found no significant difference between the stenting group and the endarterectomy group with respect to the primary composite end point of stroke, myocardial infarction, or death during the periprocedural period or any subsequent ipsilateral stroke during 4 years of follow-up. We now extend the results to 10 years. Among patients with carotid-artery stenosis who had been randomly assigned to stenting or endarterectomy, we evaluated outcomes every 6 months for up to 10 years at 117 centers. In addition to assessing the primary composite end point, we assessed the primary end point for the long-term extension study, which was ipsilateral stroke after the periprocedural period. Among 2502 patients, there was no significant difference in the rate of the primary composite end point between the stenting group (11.8%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 9.1 to 14.8) and the endarterectomy group (9.9%; 95% CI, 7.9 to 12.2) over 10 years of follow-up (hazard ratio, 1.10; 95% CI, 0.83 to 1.44). With respect to the primary long-term end point, postprocedural ipsilateral stroke over the 10-year follow-up occurred in 6.9% (95% CI, 4.4 to 9.7) of the patients in the stenting group and in 5.6% (95% CI, 3.7 to 7.6) of those in the endarterectomy group; the rates did not differ significantly between the groups (hazard ratio, 0.99; 95% CI, 0.64 to 1.52). No significant between-group differences with respect to either end point were detected when symptomatic patients and asymptomatic patients were analyzed separately. Over 10 years of follow-up, we did not find a significant difference between patients who underwent stenting and those who underwent endarterectomy with respect to the risk of periprocedural stroke, myocardial infarction, or death and subsequent ipsilateral stroke. The rate of postprocedural ipsilateral stroke also did not differ between groups. (Funded by the National Institutes of Health and Abbott

  13. Clinical and radiological characteristics of concomitant peripheral arterial obstructive disease in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Seung-Hwan; Jeon, Chang-Hoon; Lee, Doo-Hyung; Choo, Ho-Sik; Chung, Nam-Su

    2013-01-01

    Intermittent claudication is a typical symptom of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and peripheral arterial obstructive disease (PAD). Because both LSS and PAD are predominantly associated with degenerative conditions, concomitant conditions are not uncommon. However, few reports of the demographic, clinical, and radiological characteristics of concomitant LSS and PAD (LSSPAD) have been published. To identify the demographic, clinical, and radiological risk factors for concomitant PAD in LSS. A retrospective matched-control study. This study involved a retrospective cohort of 43 consecutive patients with LSSPAD and a control cohort of 45 age- and gender-matched patients diagnosed with LSS without PAD. Each patient in both groups underwent plain lumbar radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine, and ankle-brachial index (ABI) measurement. Demographic and clinical parameters were obtained. The abdominal aorta calcification score (AACS) was evaluated on the lateral lumbar radiographs. Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) of the lower limb was performed to confirm PAD. The mean age of the LSSPAD group was 67.7 ± 10.7 years (52 - 88 years). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was significantly higher in the LSSPAD group than in the LSS group (P = 0.022). The mean ABI was 0.71 ± 0.22 (0.32 - 0.91) for the LSSPAD group and 0.96 ± 0.18 (0.83 - 1.10) for LSS group (P < 0.001). The prevalence of aortic calcification was significantly higher in the LSSPAD group than in the LSS group (P < 0.001). The mean AACS was 10.2 ± 3.2 (2 - 18) for the LSSPAD group and 3.4 ± 4.1 (0 - 14) for the LSS group (P < 0.001). Retrospective design. We found that concomitant PAD in patients with LSS is associated with old age, DM, the presence of aortic calcification, and ABI < 0.9. When these risk factors exist, further work up is needed to exclude the concomitant PAD.

  14. Angiography for renal artery stenosis: no additional impairment of renal function by angioplasty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lufft, Volkmar; Fels, Lueder M.; Egbeyong-Baiyee, Daniel; Olbricht, Christoph J. [Abteilung Nephrologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (Germany); Hoogestraat-Lufft, Linda; Galanski, Michael [Abteilung Diagnostische Radiologie, Medizinische Hochschule Hannover (Germany)

    2002-04-01

    The aim of this study was to compare renal function between patients with renal angiography and patients with renal angiography and angioplasty (AP) for renal artery stenosis (RAS). Forty-seven patients with suspected RAS were prospectively investigated by digital subtraction angiography (DSA) using non-ionic low osmolar contrast media (CM). In 22 patients RAS was detected and in 16 cases an angioplasty was performed in the same session. The following parameters were determined 1 day prior to and after the DSA, respectively: serum creatinine (S-Crea, {mu}mol/l) and single-shot inulin clearance (In-Cl, ml/min) for the evaluation of renal function; and urine alpha 1-microglobuline (AMG, {mu}g/g Crea) and beta-N-acetyl-glucoseaminidase (beta-NAG, U/g Crea) as markers of tubular toxicity. Serum creatinine was measured additionally 2 days after CM had been injected. In both groups with and without AP 174{+-}65 and 104{+-}56 ml of CM (p<0.0005) were used, respectively. There were no differences with regard to renal function or risk factors for CM nephrotoxicity between both groups. In the group with AP S-Crea and In-Cl (each: mean{+-}SD) did not change significantly (before DSA: 171{+-}158 and 61{+-}24, after DSA: 189{+-}177 and 61{+-}25, respectively), beta-NAG (median) rose from 4 to 14 (p<0.05) and AMG from 8 to 55 (n.s., because of high SD). In the group without AP S-Crea increased from 134{+-}109 to 141{+-}113 (p<0.01), In-Cl dropped from 65{+-}26 to 62{+-}26 (p<0,01), beta NAG (median) rose from 4 to 8 (p=0.01), and AMG from 7 to 10 (n.s.). A rise in baseline S-Crea by more than 25% or 44 {mu}mol/l occurred in 4 and 2 patients in the group with and without AP, respectively. Creatinine increase was reversible in all cases within 7 days. In this study using sensitive methods to detect changes of renal function and tubular toxicity no additional renal function impairment in DSA with angioplasty for RAS compared with DSA alone could be demonstrated. Our data suggest

  15. Application of 3.0T magnetic resonance arterial spin labeling (ASL) technology in mild and moderate intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zhongwei; Li, Naikun; Qu, Yanyan; Gai, Feng; Zhang, Guowei; Zhang, Guanghui

    2016-07-01

    The application value of 3.0T magnetic resonance arterial spin labeling (ASL) technology in mild and moderate intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis was evaluated. A total of 58 cases of transient ischemic attack (TIA) and 60 cases of ischemic cerebral apoplexy cases were selected. The cases were analysed using a GE Healthcare Signa HDx 3.0T superconducting whole-body magnetic resonance scan within 24 h of attack. Eight-channel head phased array coils and conventional sequence were used to create T1-weighted images (T1WI), T2WI, diffusion-weighted imaging, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) and ASL imaging, which were generated into ASL pseudo-color images (blue was hypoperfusion area) through post-processing in order to compare and analyze the correlation and differences between ASL and conventional imaging in terms of lesion location, size, blood perfusion situation and signal range of relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF). The results showed that, 13 TIA cases of abnormal signal in conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can also be found through ASL technology. Diameter stenosis beyond 30% in MRA can also be tested in ASL. A positive rate in ASL was significantly higher than that of conventional MRI (χ 2 =29.078, P<0.001) and hypoperfusion area was greatly increased (t=32.526, P<0.001). The rCBF value was positively correlated with the degree of diameter stenosis shown in MRA (r=0.524, P=0.012). Additionally, the positive rate of ASL was positively correlated with the attack times of TIA (r=0.352, P=0.027). A total of 39 cerebral apoplexy cases of abnormal signal in conventional MRI were also found through ASL technology. A positive rate in ASL was significantly higher than that of conventional MRI (χ 2 =7.685, P=0.006) and hypoperfusion area was greatly increased (t=9.425, P<0.001). The rCBF value was positively correlated with the degree of diameter stenosis (r=0.635, P=0.009). In conclusion, 3.0T ASL correlated with early diagnosis of TIA and mild and

  16. Reversible renal impairment induced by treatment with the angiotensin II receptor antagonist candesartan in a patient with bilateral renal artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kjaer Andreas

    2001-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background It is well established that ACE-inhibitors should be avoided in patients with renal artery stenosis. In recent years it has also been recommended that caution should be demonstrated when angiotensin II blockers are used in the same type of patients but the evidence is based only on few cases. Results We describe a case where use of the angiotensin II antagonist candesartan (Atacand induced renal failure in a patient with bilateral renal artery stenosis. The course of the case is enlighted by results from sequential renography, selective renal vein catheterisation for measurement of renin, and angiographic findings. Conclusions In patients with renal artery stenosis the angiotensin II antagonist candesartan should be avoided.

  17. Image Fusion of Preprocedural CTA with Real-time Fluoroscopy to Guide Proper Hepatic Artery Catheterization During Transarterial Chemoembolization of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Feasibility Study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bargellini, Irene, E-mail: irenebargellini@hotmail.com; Turini, Francesca; Bozzi, Elena; Lauretti, Dario; Cicorelli, Antonio; Lunardi, Alessandro; Cioni, Roberto; Bartolozzi, Carlo [University of Pisa, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Italy)

    2013-04-15

    To assess feasibility of proper hepatic artery catheterization using a 3D model obtained from preprocedural computed tomographic angiography (CTA), fused with real-time fluoroscopy, during transarterial chemoembolization of hepatocellular carcinoma. Twenty consecutive cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma undergoing transarterial chemoembolization were prospectively enrolled onto the study. The early arterial phase axial images of the preprocedural CTA were postprocessed on an independent workstation connected to the angiographic system (Innova 4100; GE Healthcare, Milwaukee, WI), obtaining a 3D volume rendering image (VR) that included abdominal aorta, splanchnic arteries, and first and second lumbar vertebrae. The VR image was manually registered to the real-time X-ray fluoroscopy, with the lumbar spine used as the reference. The VR image was then used as guidance to selectively catheterize the proper hepatic artery. The procedure was considered successful when performed with no need for intraarterial contrast injections or angiographic acquisitions. The procedure was successful in 19 (95 %) of 20 patients. In one patient, celiac trunk angiography was required for the presence of a significant ostial stenosis that was underestimated at computed tomography. Time for image reconstruction and registration was <10 min in all cases. The use of preprocedural CTA model with fluoroscopy enables confident and direct catheterization of the proper hepatic artery with no need for preliminary celiac trunk angiography, thus reducing radiation exposure and contrast media administration.

  18. Does coronary calcium scoring with a SCORE better predict significant coronary artery stenosis than without? Correlation with computed tomography coronary angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durhan, Gamze; Hazirolan, Tuncay; Karcaaltincaba, Musturay; Akata, Deniz [Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Radiology, Ankara (Turkey); Sunman, Hamza; Aytemir, Kudret [Hacettepe University Medical School, Department of Cardiology, Ankara (Turkey); Karakaya, Jale; Karaagaoglu, Ergun [Hacettepe University, Department of Biostatistics, Ankara (Turkey)

    2014-12-03

    To determine effectiveness of coronary artery calcium score (CACS) alone and combined with Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) in adult patients for significant coronary artery stenosis by using computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA) as reference standard. Two thousand twenty-one patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD) underwent CACS test and CTCA. Patients were examined with dual-source CT and were grouped according to their age, gender, CACS, and estimated SCORE risk. Coronary plaque existence and degree of stenosis were assessed with CTCA. Sensitivity, specificity, and ROC curves were analyzed. CACS was the single independent variable in estimating relative risk of critical stenosis and had superior outcome when compared with SCORE risk in logistic regression and ROC curve. Area under the ROC curve was greatest in the interval between 50-59 years. When SCORE was combined with CACS in patients with zero CACS, percentage of significant stenosis increased from 1.4% to 7.0% in patients with high or very high SCORE risk, and decreased to 0.9 % in patients with low or moderate SCORE risk. CACS combination with SCORE risk predicts coronary artery stenosis. When CACS is zero, CTCA can be performed in patients with high or very high SCORE risk. (orig.)

  19. Development of chronic heart failure in a young woman with hypertension associated with renal artery stenosis with preserved renal function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Christina; Abdulla, Jawdat

    2014-07-02

    A 33-year-old woman with presumed essential hypertension and symptoms equivalent to New York Heart Association class II was suspected of heart failure and referred to echocardiography. The patient's ECG showed a left bundle branch block. Electrolytes, serum creatinine and estimated-glomerular filtration rate as well as urine test for protein were all normal. The patient had no peripheral oedema. The transthoracic echocardiography confirmed systolic and diastolic dysfunction and an ejection fraction of 25% and left ventricular hypertrophy. Ultrasound of renal arteries and renal CT angiography (renal CTA) revealed a significant stenosis and an aneurysm corresponding to the right renal artery with challenges to traditional interventions. 2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  20. Effects of heat transfer on MHD flow of blood through an inclined porous artery with stenosis having variable viscosity

    CERN Document Server

    Tripathi, Bhavya

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, effects of heat transfer on the blood flow through a stenosed, inclined non-tapered porous artery subject to the action of external magnetic field is investigated. Viscosity is assumed as variable viscosity with variable Hematocrit throughout the region of the artery. Governing equations have been modeled by taking blood as incompressible magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) Newtonian fluid. The energy equation is formulated by taking an extra factor of the heat source in its equation. The nonlinear momentum equations are simplified under the assumption of mild stenosis. Homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is used to solve nonlinear equations of velocity and temperature profiles. Effects of porosity parameter (Z), applied magnetic field parameter (M), variable hematocrit parameter(Hr), Brinkman number (Br), heat source parameter (Q) and the Grashof number (Gr) on velocity and temperature profiles are discussed graphically.

  1. Impact of Side Branches on the Computation of Fractional Flow in Intracranial Arterial Stenosis Using the Computational Fluid Dynamics Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Haipeng; Lan, Linfang; Leng, Xinyi; Ip, Hing Lung; Leung, Thomas W H; Wang, Defeng; Wong, Ka Sing

    2018-01-01

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) allows noninvasive fractional flow (FF) computation in intracranial arterial stenosis. Removal of small artery branches is necessary in CFD simulation. The consequent effects on FF value needs to be judged. An idealized vascular model was built with 70% focal luminal stenosis. A branch with one third or one half of the radius of the parent vessel was added at a distance of 5, 10, 15 and 20 mm to the lesion. With pressure and flow rate applied as inlet and outlet boundary conditions, CFD simulations were performed. Flow distribution at bifurcations followed Murray's law. By including or removing side branches, five patient-specific intracranial artery models were simulated. Transient simulation was performed on a patient-specific model, with a larger branch for validation. Branching effect was considered trivial if the FF difference between paired models (branches included or removed) was within 5%. Compared with the control model without a branch, in all idealized models the relative differences of FF was within 2%. In five pairs of cerebral arteries (branches included/removed), FFs were 0.876 and 0.877, 0.853 and 0.858, 0.874 and 0.869, 0.865 and 0.858, 0.952 and 0.948. The relative difference in each pair was less than 1%. In transient model, the relative difference of FF was 3.5%. The impact of removing side branches with radius less than 50% of the parent vessel on FF measurement accuracy is negligible in static CFD simulations, and minor in transient CFD simulation. Copyright © 2018. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  2. RX Herculink Elite® renal stent system: a review of its use for the treatment of renal artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colyer Jr

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available William R Colyer JrDivision of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Toledo Medical Center, Toledo, OH, USAAbstract: The management of renal artery stenosis (RAS remains controversial. While some evidence suggests that treatment with stent placement is beneficial, randomized trials have failed to demonstrate a significant benefit. Ongoing clinical trials should help to better define the role for stenting of RAS while avoiding limitations seen with earlier trials. When it comes to stenting for RAS, several stents have been used; however, many stents which have been used previously and which are still being used are biliary stents that are used “off-label.” These stents have typically come onto the market through the 510(k pathway. To date, a total of five stents have been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration for use in the renal arteries. Of the five stents that have received approval, the Bridge™ Extra Support (Medtronic CardioVascular, Santa Rosa, CA and the Palmaz® (Cordis Corporation, Bridgewater, NJ stents are no longer available. Currently, the Express® SD (Boston Scientific, Natick, MA, Formula™ (Cook Medical, Bloomington, IN, and Herculink Elite® (Abbott Vascular, Santa Clara, CA stents are Food and Drug Administration approved and available for use. The Herculink Elite is the most recently approved of the renal stents, having received approval in late 2011. The Herculink Elite stent is the only cobalt chromium stent approved for use in the renal arteries. Although trial data are limited and direct comparisons among renal stents is not possible, the Herculink Elite stent has demonstrated good performance. Additionally, the design of the Herculink Elite offers some advantages that may translate into improved outcomes.Keywords: renal artery stenosis, stenting, FDA approval

  3. Endovascular treatment with angioplasty or stenting versus endarterectomy in patients with carotid artery stenosis in the Carotid and Vertebral Artery Transluminal Angioplasty Study (CAVATAS): long-term follow-up of a randomised trial.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Ederle, Jörg

    2009-10-01

    Endovascular treatment (angioplasty with or without stenting) is an alternative to carotid endarterectomy for carotid artery stenosis but there are scarce long-term efficacy data showing that it prevents stroke. We therefore report the long-term results of the Carotid and Vertebral Artery Transluminal Angioplasty Study (CAVATAS).

  4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Plaque Morphology, Burden, and Distribution in Patients With Symptomatic Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dieleman, Nikki; Yang, Wenjie; Abrigo, Jill M; Chu, Winnie Chiu Wing; van der Kolk, Anja G; Siero, Jeroen C W; Wong, Ka Sing; Hendrikse, Jeroen; Chen, Xiang Yan

    2016-07-01

    Intracranial atherosclerosis is a major cause of ischemic stroke worldwide. Intracranial vessel wall imaging is an upcoming field of interest to assess intracranial atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated total intracranial plaque burden in patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery stenosis, assessed plaque morphological features, and compared features of symptomatic and asymptomatic lesions using a 3T vessel wall sequence. Nineteen consecutive Chinese patients with ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (mean age: 67 years; 7 females) with a middle cerebral artery stenosis were scanned at 3T magnetic resonance imaging; the protocol included a time-of-flight magnetic resonance angiography and the T1-weighted volumetric isotropically reconstructed turbo spin echo acquisition sequence before and after (83%) contrast administration. Chi-square tests were used to assess associations between different plaque features. Statistical significance was set at Psystem of both thickening pattern and distribution of the lesion can be simplified by using distribution pattern only and (2) differentiation between symptomatic and asymptomatic atherosclerotic lesions was possible using intracranial vessel wall imaging. © 2016 The Authors.

  5. Carotid artery stenting in patients with acute coronary syndrome: a possible primary therapy for symptomatic carotid stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casana, Renato; Halliday, Alison; Bianchi, Paolo; Fresa, Emanuele; Silani, Vincenzo; Parati, Gianfranco; Blengino, Simonetta; Cireni, Lea; Adobbati, Laura; Calvillo, Laura; Tolva, Valerio S

    2013-08-01

    To report the results of carotid artery stenting (CAS) in symptomatic patients (stroke/transient ischemic attack) after recent percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Between January 2009 and July 2011, 28 consecutive patients (18 women; mean age 66 years, range 42-82) underwent protected CAS for symptomatic carotid stenosis following recent PTCA that included bare or drug-eluting stents requiring uninterrupted dual antiplatelet therapy. Primary technical success, neurological complications, major adverse cardiovascular events, and death were evaluated at 30 days and over midterm follow-up. Technical success was 96%; 1 patient suffered a nonfatal major stroke (3.5% 30-day stroke rate) during the procedure. During a median 21.6-month follow-up, 4 (14%) patients died of myocardial infarction (all diabetic smokers with ejection fractions 34 kg/m(2). This preliminary experience demonstrated that CAS is a reasonable, safe, and effective treatment for patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis who were recently treated with coronary stents requiring uninterrupted dual antiplatelet therapy.

  6. Pathophysiology and management of intracranial arterial stenosis around the circle of Willis associated with hyperthyroidism: case reports and literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matano, Fumihiro; Murai, Yasuo; Adachi, Koji; Kitamura, Takayuki; Teramoto, Akira

    2014-04-01

    Cases of moyamoya disease or intracranial arterial stenosis around the circle of Willis (M/IAS) associated with hyperthyroidism have been reported. However, most of these previous reports were of the ischemic form of M/IAS and primary hyperthyroidism. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have documented therapy for M/IAS associated with hyperthyroidism. We discuss four previously unreported cases, including those involving the intracerebral hemorrhage form and thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secretion from a pituitary adenoma (secondary hyperthyroidism). We analyzed data from 52 previously reported cases, including the 4 cases presented here, and discuss M/IAS associated with hyperthyroidism, treatment options, pathophysiology, the ischemic and hemorrhagic forms, secondary hyperthyroidism, and the relevant literature. Hyperthyroidism results in thyrotoxicosis and the stimulation of the superior cervical ganglion by TSH antibodies and f-T3/f-T4. Consequently, hypercoagulability and stenosis of the cerebral artery can occur. There are many reports of ischemic M/IAS associated with hyperthyroidism. A conservative approach to treatment is important in such cases; for example, antithyroid therapy should be the first choice to treat ischemic M/IAS. There have been only a limited number of reports on hemorrhagic M/IAS. We presume that hemorrhagic M/IAS tears the weakened vasculature in a manner similar to that of normal M/IAS (with no complicating hyperthyroidism). The authors also reported M/IAS associated with secondary hyperthyroidism due to pituitary thyroid secreting hormone secreting adenoma.

  7. Angioplasty and stenting of symptomatic and asymptomatic vertebral artery stenosis: to treat or not to treat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parkhutik, V; Lago, A; Tembl, J I; Aparici, F; Vazquez, V; Mainar, E

    2010-02-01

    Comprehensive indications for treatment of symptomatic vertebral stenosis remain unavailable. Even less is known about endovascular treatment of asymptomatic cases. We treated symptomatic and asymptomatic vertebral ostium stenosis with angioplasty and stenting and investigated the long term outcome. Consecutive patients with two different indications were included. Group 1 (G1) had symptomatic >50% stenosis. Group 2 (G2) had asymptomatic >50% stenosis and severe lesions of anterior circulation and were expected to benefit from additional cerebral blood supply. Twenty nine vertebral origin stenoses in 28 patients (75% men, mean age 64 +/- 9 years) were treated. There were 16 G1 and 13 G2 cases. Technical success rate was 100%. Immediate neurological complications rate was 3.4% (one G1 patient with vertebral TIA due to release of emboli). Two further strokes were seen during follow up (32 +/- 24 months): vertebrobasilar stroke in a G2 patient with permeable stent in V1 segment, new ipsilateral V3 occlusion and high-risk cardioembolic source, and carotid stroke in a G1 patient who had had ipsilateral carotid stenting. There were no deaths of any cause. Asymptomatic restenosis was observed in one out of 19 patients from both groups who underwent a follow up angiography. Angioplasty and stenting appears to be technically feasible and safe in asymptomatic and symptomatic vertebral stenosis. More studies are needed in order to clarify its role in primary and secondary prevention of vertebrobasilar stroke. High risk anterior circulation lesions should be taken into account as a possible indication in patients with asymptomatic vertebral stenosis.

  8. The presence of some cytokines and Chlamydia pneumoniae in the atherosclerotic carotid plaque in patients with carotid artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Janczak

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Over the last few years the role of microorganisms in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis has been widely discussed. Chlamydia pneumoniae activates immune cells to produce cytokines that are responsible for the formation of atheromatous carotid lesions.Material and methods: The study was carried out at the Department of Vascular, General and Transplantation Surgery, Wroclaw Medical University, in 2002-2003, on 100 consecutive symptomatic patients with internal carotid stenosis, who underwent an endarterectomy procedure. Each patient had their carotid artery sampled in order to find C. pneumoniae DNA using the nested PCR method and some cytokines (TGF-β, VEGF, FGF, TNF-α using immunohistochemical examination. The control group consisted of 20 young organ donors who had been diagnosed with brain death and who had their healthy carotid artery harvested. Analogous genetic and immunohistochemical tests were performed.Results: We did not confirm the presence of either cytokines or C. pneumoniae in the healthy carotid arteries. The presence of FGF was probably due to intima fibroblast activity, which is responsible for elastin and collagen synthesis for the extracellular matrix. C. pneumoniae was discovered in 68% of patients with carotid plaques. Three cytokines (TGF-β, FGF, TNF-α were detected in atherosclerotic internal carotid arteries as well.Conclusion: Chronic infection by C. pneumoniae may exacerbate carotid plaque development and may lead to its destabilization.

  9. Exercise-induced thallium-201 myocardial perfusion defects in angina pectoris without significant coronary artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nakazato, Masayasu; Maruoka, Yuji; Sunagawa, Osahiko; Kinjo, Kunihiko; Tomori, Masayuki; Fukiyama, Koshiro (Ryukyu Univ., Nishihara, Okinawa (Japan). School of Medicine)

    1990-01-01

    We performed exercise thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy in 32 patients with angina pectoris to study the incidence of perfusion defects, who had no significant organic stenosis on coronary angiography. None of them had myocardial infarction or cardiomyopathy. Thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy and 12-lead ECG recording were performed during supine bicycle ergometer exercise. Perfusion defects in thallium-201 scintigrams in SPECT images were assessed during visual analysis by two observers. In the coronary angiograms obtained during intravenous infusion of nitroglycerin, the luminal diameter of 75% stenosis or less in the AHA classification was regarded as an insignificant organic stenosis. Myocardial perfusion defects in the thallium-201 scintigrams were detected in eight (25%) of the 32 patients. Six of these eight patients had variant angina documented during spontaneous attacks with ST elevations in standard 12-lead ECGs. Perfusion defects were demonstrated at the inferior or infero-posterior regions in six patients, one of whom had concomitant anteroseptal defect. The defects were not always accompanied by chest pain. All but one patient demonstrating inferior or inferoposterior defects showed ST depression in leads II, III and aV{sub F} on their ECGs, corresponding to inferior wall ischemia. The exception was a case with right bundle branch block. Thus, 25% of the patients with angina pectoris, who had no evidence of significant organic stenosis on their coronary angiograms, exhibited exercise-induced perfusion defects in their thallium-201 scintigrams. Coronary spasms might have caused myocardial ischemia in these patients. (author).

  10. Arteries of the falciform ligament on C-arm CT hepatic arteriography: The hepatic falciform artery and the Sappey's superior artery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hur, Saebeom; Chung, Jin Wook; Lee, Jae Hwan; Cho, SooBeum; Kim, Minuk; Lee, Myungsu; Kim, Hyo-Cheol; Jae, Hwan Jun [Seoul National University Hospital, Department of Radiology, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Zhou, Chun Gao [First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Department of Interventional Radiology, Nanjing, Jangsu (China)

    2017-04-15

    To investigate the prevalence, anatomy and distribution of the hepatic falciform artery (HFA) and Sappey's superior artery (SSA) using C-arm CT hepatic arteriography (C-arm CTHA). From January 2011 to December 2012, 220 patients who underwent C-arm CTHA during initial transarterial treatment for hepatocellular carcinoma were included in this retrospective study. The HFAs and SSAs prevalence and origin were evaluated using axial images of C-arm CTHA. A 5-point scale for HFAs and a 4-point scale for SSAs were used to designate the radiologically conspicuous arteries. The prevalences of the total HFAs and SSAs were 95 % (n=209) and 22 % (n=49), while those of radiologically conspicuous HFAs and SSAs were 62 % (n=137) and 10 % (n=22), respectively. Thirty HFAs (22 % of radiologically conspicuous HFAs and 14 % of the total study population) were distributed in the subcutaneous layer of the anterior abdominal wall, while the majority of SSAs ran through the superior part of the falciform ligament in the left-anterior direction and anastomosed with left inferior phrenic artery. Our study using C-arm CTHA revealed that the prevalence of the HFA is higher than the existing knowledge and proved the existence of the SSA radiologically for the first time. (orig.)

  11. Efficacy of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent in elderly male patients with atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao J

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Jiahui Zhao, Qingli Cheng, Xiaoying Zhang, Meihua Li, Sheng Liu, Xiaodan WangDepartment of Geriatric Nephrology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, ChinaObjectives: Percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty with stent implantation (PTRAS has become the treatment of choice for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS. This study evaluates the long-term effects of PTRAS on hypertension and renal function in elderly patients with ARAS.Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent PTRAS in the geriatric division of a tertiary medical center during the period 2003–2010. The clinical data were extracted from the medical records of each patient. Changes in blood pressure, antihypertensive treatment, and estimated glomerular filtration rate were analyzed before and after PTRAS.Results: Eighty-six stents in 81 elderly patients were placed successfully. The average age of the patients was 76.2 years (65–89 years. Mean follow-up was 31.3 months (range 12 –49 months. There was a significant decrease in both systolic and diastolic blood pressure at the third day after the PTRAS procedure and the reduction in blood pressure was constant throughout the follow-up period until 36 months after PTRAS. However, there was no marked benefit to renal function outcome during the follow-up period. The incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy was 9.9% in this study group. The rate of renal artery restenosis was 14.8%. The survival rate was 96.3% for 4 years after the procedure.Conclusion: It is beneficial to control blood pressure in elderly patients with ARAS up to 36 months after a PTRAS procedure. However, their renal function improvement is limited.Keywords: angioplasty, hypertension, renal function, elderly, renal artery stenosis

  12. Low-profile stent system for treatment of atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis : The GREAT trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sapoval, Marc; Zahringer, Markus; Pattynama, Peter; Rabbia, Claudio; Vignali, Claudio; Maleux, Geert; Boyer, Louis; Szczerbo-Trojanowska, Malgorzata; Jaschke, Werner; Hafsahl, Geir; Downes, Mark; Beregi, Jean Paul; Veeger, Nic; Talen, Aly

    PURPOSE: The Palmaz Genesis Peripheral Stainless Steel Balloon Expandable Stent in Renal Artery Treatment (GREAT) Trial was designed to assess the safety and performance of a low-profile stent for the treatment of obstructive renal artery disease by looking at 6-month renal artery patency uniformly

  13. A New Method to Measure Portal Venous and Hepatic Arterial Blood Flow Patients Intraoperatively

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakab, F.; Ráth, Z.; Schmal, F.; Nagy, P.; Faller, J.

    1996-01-01

    The intraoperative measurement of the afferent circulation of the liver, namely the hepatic artery flow and portal venous flow was carried out upon 14 anesthetized patients having carcinoma in the splanchnic area, mainly in the head of the pancreas by means of transit time ultrasonic volume flowmeter. The hepatic artery flow, portal venous flow and total hepatic flow were 0.377±0.10; 0.614±0.21; 0.992±0.276 l/min respectively. The ratio of hepatic arterical flow to portal venous flow was 0.66±0.259 There was a sharp, significant increase in hepatic arterial flow (29.8±6.1%, p<0,01) after the temporary occlusion of the portal vein, while the temporary occlusion of hepatic artery did not have any significant effect on portal venous circulation. The interaction between hepatic arterial flow and portal venous flow is a much disputed question, but according to the presented data here, it is unquestionable, that the decrease of portal venous flow immediately results a significant increase in hepatic artery circulation. PMID:8809586

  14. Isolated Common Hepatic Artery Branch Thrombosis: Results and Risk Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdoulhossein Davoodabadi

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Isolated common hepatic artery branch thrombosis with severe gastric ischemia and duodenojejunal infarction is a rare condition; it usually presents with acute abdomen and may be associated with underlying thrombotic risk factors. We present a 35-year-old man admitted to our hospital with five days history of sudden abdominal pain and deteriorating epigastric pain. He was a driver and had no any past medical history. Explorative laparotomy showed: distal 2/3 gastric, duodenojejunal and papilla vater was sloughed. The stomach subtotal and sloughed duodenum and first 20 cm of jejunum were resected, continuity of the gastrointestinal was preserved with anastomosis of the proximal part of jejunum to gastric stump, pancreatic duct, and CBD repaired to the lateral side of jejunum on the guide of two 18 French feeding tube as an external drain. The patient had a good immediate postoperative recovery. Coagulation checkup after operation revealed isolated Hyperhomocysteinemia.

  15. Successful resuscitation from two cardiac arrests in a female patient with critical aortic stenosis, severe mitral regurgitation and coronary artery disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mijušković Dragan

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. The incidence of sudden cardiac death in patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis is up to 34% and resuscitation is described as highly unsuccessful. Case report. A 72-year-old female patient with severe aortic stenosis combined with severe mitral regurgitation and three-vessel coronary artery disease was successfully resuscitated following two in-hospital cardiac arrests. The first cardiac arrest occurred immediately after intraarterial injection of low osmolar iodinated agent during coronary angiography. Angiography revealed 90% occlusion of the proximal left main coronary artery and circumflex branch. The second arrest followed induction of anesthesia. Following successful open-chest resuscitation, aortic valve replacement, mitral valvuloplasty and three-vessel aortocoronary bypass were performed. Postoperative pericardial tamponade required surgical revision. The patient recovered completely. Conclusion. Decision to start resuscitation may be justified in selected patients with critical aortic stenosis, even though cardiopulmonary resuscitation in such cases is generally considered futile.

  16. Association between physical activity and peripheral artery disease and carotid artery stenosis in a self-referred population of 3 million adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stein, Richard A; Rockman, Caron B; Guo, Yu; Adelman, Mark A; Riles, Thomas; Hiatt, William R; Berger, Jeffrey S

    2015-01-01

    Although the relationship between physical activity and coronary heart disease is well characterized, a paucity of data exists on physical activity and vascular disease in other arterial territories. This study examined the prevalence of peripheral artery disease (PAD) and carotid artery stenosis (CAS) in association with physical activity. The association between physical activity and vascular disease was examined in >3 million self-referred US participants in the United States from 2003 to 2008 who completed a medical and lifestyle questionnaire in the Life Line screening program. All subjects were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices 50%. Multivariable logistic regression modeling was used to estimate odds of disease. Among 3 250 350 subjects, 63% of the population engaged in some leisure time vigorous physical activity. After adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, smoking status, diabetes mellitus, body mass index, and family history of cardiovascular disease, subjects who reported any physical activity had a significantly lower odds of PAD (odds ratio, 0.64; 95% confidence interval, 0.63-0.65) and CAS (odds ratio, 0.80; 95% confidence interval, 0.79-0.81). The association between physical activity with PAD and CAS was robust when stratified by sex, race, and age categories. Physical activity intensity frequency was associated with lower PAD and CAS in a graded manner (P trend physical activity were independently associated with lower odds of vascular disease in the lower extremities and carotid arteries. © 2014 American Heart Association, Inc.

  17. Usefulness of the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio in predicting the severity of carotid artery stenosis in patients undergoing carotid angiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceyhun Varım

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Carotid artery stenosis (CAS is primarily caused by atherosclerotic plaque. Progressive inflammation may contribute to the rupture of an atherosclerotic plaque. The platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR is a new and simple marker that indicates inflammation. In this study, we aimed to investigate the use of the PLR to determine the severity of CAS. One hundred forty patients were chosen from among patients who underwent carotid angiography in our institution. Symptomatic patients with stenosis >50% in the carotid arteries and asymptomatic patients with stenosis >80% were diagnosed via carotid angiography as having critical stenosis. Patients were classified into two groups. Group 1 included patients who had critical CAS, whereas Group 2 included patients with noncritical CAS, as determined by carotid angiography. Correlations between the PLR and the severity of CAS were analyzed. There were no significant differences in sex and age between the two groups. The PLR was 162.5 ± 84.7 in the noncritical CAS group patients and 94.9 ± 60.3 in the critical CAS group patients (p < 0.0001. The PLR value of 117.1 had 89% sensitivity and 68% specificity for CAS [95% confidence interval, 0.043–0.159; area under the curve, 0.101 ± 0.03]. In this study, we have shown that PLR values may be associated with critical stenosis in at least one of the carotid arteries. Furthermore, PLR values may be used to predict critical stenosis in the carotid arteries.

  18. Suspected Carotid Artery Stenosis : Cost-effectiveness of CT Angiography in Work-up of Patients with Recent TIA or Minor Ischemic Stroke

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tholen, Aletta T. R.; de Monye, Cecile; Genders, Tessa S. S.; Buskens, Erik; Dippel, Diederik W. J.; van der Lugt, Aad; Hunink, M. G. Myriam

    Purpose: To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of state-of-the-art noninvasive diagnostic imaging strategies in patients with a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke who are suspected of having carotid artery stenosis (CAS). Materials and Methods: All prospectively evaluated

  19. Suspected carotid artery stenosis: Cost-effectiveness of CT angiography in work-up of patients with recent TIA or minor ischemic stroke

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.T.R. Tholen; C. de Monyé (Cécile); T.S.S. Genders (Tessa); E. Buskens (Erik); D.W.J. Dippel (Diederik); A. van der Lugt (Aad); M.G.M. Hunink (Myriam)

    2010-01-01

    textabstractPurpose: To assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of state-of-the-art noninvasive diagnostic imaging strategies in patients with a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke who are suspected of having carotid artery stenosis (CAS). Materials and Methods: All prospectively

  20. The assessment of serum levels of malondialdehyde and total antioxidant capacity after the use of atorvastatin in patients with coronary artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Shahsavari

    2015-02-01

    significant reduction of plasma MDA levels as well as a significant enhancement of TAC in coronary artery stenosis patients with long time receiving atorvastatin contribute to the lowering oxidative stress in this patients.

  1. Renal artery stenosis with significant proteinuria may be reversed after nephrectomy or revascularization in patients with the antiphospholipid antibody syndrome: a case series and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peleg, Hagit; Bursztyn, Michael; Hiller, Nurit; Hershcovici, Tiberiu

    2012-01-01

    Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is a disease which might present as hypertension, renal insufficiency or proteinuria and even as nephrotic syndrome. While 90% of cases are secondary to atherosclerosis, the rest of the cases are usually related to fibromuscular dysplasia. Recently, RAS has also been documented in patients with the antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Although cases of nephrotic syndrome induced by RAS have been published, cases of patients with APS and nephrotic syndrome attributed to RAS were not reported in the literature. In this paper, three young male patients with APS, hypertension and significant proteinuria secondary to RAS are presented. The patients were treated with nephrectomy or revascularization in addition to prior treatment with warfarin, with improvement of the hypertension and the proteinuria. The relationship between renal artery stenosis, nephrotic range proteinuria and APS is reviewed. We suggest that renal artery stenosis should be included in the differential diagnosis of the nephrotic syndrome and that APS should be included in the differential diagnosis of renal artery stenosis especially in young male patients with proteinuria.

  2. Ultrasound screening for asymptomatic carotid stenosis in subjects with calcifications in the area of the carotid arteries on panoramic radiographs: a cross-sectional study

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    Karp Kjell

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Directed ultrasonic screening for carotid stenosis is cost-effective in populations with > 5% prevalence of the diagnosis. Occasionally, calcifications in the area of the carotid arteries are incidentally detected on odontological panoramic radiographs. We aimed to determine if directed screening for carotid stenosis with ultrasound is indicated in individuals with such calcifications. Methods This was a cross-sectional study. Carotid ultrasound examinations were performed on consecutive persons, with findings of calcifications in the area of the carotid arteries on panoramic radiography that were otherwise eligible for asymptomatic carotid endarterectomy. Results Calcification in the area of the carotid arteries was seen in 176 of 1182 persons undergoing panoramic radiography. Of these, 117 fulfilled the inclusion criterion and were examined with carotid ultrasound. Eight persons (6.8%; 95% CI 2.2-11.5% had a carotid stenosis - not significant over the 5% pre-specified threshold (p = 0.232, Binomial test. However, there was a significant sex difference (p = 0.008, as all stenoses were found in men. Among men, 12.5% (95%CI 4.2-20.8% had carotid stenosis - significantly over the 5% pre-specified threshold (p = 0.014, Binomial test. Conclusions The incidental finding of calcification in the area of the carotid arteries on panoramic radiographs should be followed up with carotid screening in men that are otherwise eligible for asymptomatic carotid endarterectomy. Trial Registration The study was registered at http://www.clinicaltrials.gov; NCT00514644

  3. Use of ECG-gated computed tomography, echocardiography and selective angiography in five dogs with pulmonic stenosis and one dog with pulmonic stenosis and aberrant coronary arteries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laborda-Vidal, P; Pedro, B; Baker, M; Gelzer, A R; Dukes-McEwan, J; Maddox, T W

    2016-12-01

    Pulmonic stenosis (PS) is the most common congenital cardiac disease in dogs. Boxers and English bulldogs are among the most commonly affected breeds and also commonly associated with an aberrant coronary artery (CA). If an aberrant CA is suspected and balloon valvuloplasty indicated, an intra-operative angiography is recommended prior to the procedure. ECG-gated computed tomography (CT) can be used to screen for CA anomalies in a quick and minimally-invasive way (preventing side effects associated with selective catheter angiography) and allowing early planning of the procedure. The aim of this case series was to report CT findings associated with PS diagnosed by echocardiography. Our database was retrospectively searched for cases of dogs with PS diagnosed by echocardiography, where an ECG-gated CT was performed. A total of six cases were retrieved: all were diagnosed with severe PS. Four dogs had concurrent congenital defects: two dogs had a patent ductus arteriosus, one dog had a ventricular septal defect and an overriding aorta, one dog had an aberrant CA. Detailed CT findings of all cases were reported, including one case of a patent ductus arteriosus and an overriding aorta not identified by transthoracic echocardiography. In addition, an abnormal single left coronary ostium, with a pre-pulmonic right CA was described. In conclusion, despite echocardiography remaining the gold standard for diagnosis and assessment of PS, ECG-gated-CT angiography is a complementary diagnostic method that may provide additional relevant information, shorten surgery/anaesthesia time and reduce the amount of radiation to which the clinician is subjected. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  4. The Association Between Small Dense Low Density Lipoprotein,Apolipoprotein B, Apolipoprotein B/apolipoprotein A1 Ratio and coronary Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abbas Zavarehee

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Background:Recently,small dense low density lipoprotein (sdLDL has been highlighted as a new risk factor for the coronary artery disease(CAD.Small dense LDLs are believed to be atherogenic since these particles are taken up more easily by arterial wall.They are readily oxidized and have reduced affinity for low density lipoprotein (LDL receptor and increased affinity for arterial proteoglicans.LDL cholesterol is only a measure of the cholesterol level in the LDL whereas apolipoprotein B(apo B is a measure of the cholesterol levels of all the atherogenic particles,including very low density lipoprotein, intermediate density, and low density lipoproteins. Therefore,it might be a better marker than other traditional lipids. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association between serum small dense LDL, apolipoprotein B, apolipoprotein A1 (apo A1 and apoB/apoA1 ratio and the coronary stenosis.Methods: 86 patients with coronary stenosis, 35 patients without coronary stenosis   identified by angiography who were referred to Rajaii Heart Center , and 30 healthy individuals were studied.SdLDL was measured by a direct homogenous LDL-C assay in the supernatant of serum which remained after heparin-magnesium precipitation.Serum apolipoprotein A1 and apolipoprotein B were measured by using immunoturbidimetric method.Results: The results showed that the sdLDL levels were higher in patients with coronary stenosis than patients without coronary stenosis and healthy individuals   (21.54±7.1, 16.88±4.4 and 15.45±5mg/dl, p=0.001, respectively. In addition the level   of apoB (with stenosis: 113.71±21.8, without stenosis:100.88±18.7 and healthy:102.30±9.6, p=0.003 and apoB/apoA1 ratio (with stenosis:1.100±0.24, without stenosis :0.589±0.26 and healthy:0.751±0.16, p=0.001 were significantly higher in patients with coronary stenosis. SdLDL levels were positively correlated with the level of apoB(r=0.589, apoB/apoA1 ratio(r=0.416, triglyceride

  5. A new model for blood flow through an artery with axisymmetric stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tandon, P N; Rana, U V

    1995-03-01

    Presented herein are the studies on the flow behavior of a blood type suspension through a circular tube with an axisymmetric stenosis. The suspension of the cells in plasma is represented by a layered fluid model, with a marginal cell-free layer of the suspending medium near the wall, a central core region and an annular layer of a biviscous fluid layer. It is understood that the proposed model may contribute to the inbuilt mechanism for drag reduction and prevention of the further development of the stenosis. The concept of lubricating pipe lining for transporting various industrial fluids is well represented through three-layered core-annular flows. The governing equations are solved numerically by using finite element method. The velocity fields, including separation and reattachment points, and the distribution of pressure and wall shear stresses have been brought out and discussed. The results of the analysis show that the presence of the marginal cell-free layer reduces the wall shear stresses and the length of the flow reversal zone. The non-Newtonian character of the suspension is helpful in reducing the abnormal effects of the stenosis. The model thus establishes the inbuilt character of blood for decreasing the stresses and this, in turn, reduces the load on the heart in propelling the blood.

  6. Endovascular therapy for acute basilar artery occlusion: Comparison between patients with and without underlying intracranial atherosclerotics stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Gun Soo; Kim, Seul Kee; Baek, Byeong Hyeon; Lee, Youn Young; Yoon, Woong [Dept. of Radiology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-04-15

    To compare the characteristics and outcomes of multimodal endovascular therapy (EVT) in patients with acute basilar artery occlusion (BAO) with and without underlying intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS). We retrospectively analyzed the data from 50 patients with acute BAO who were treated with EVT. The baseline characteristics and outcomes of patients with and without ICAS were compared. Patients with ICAS underwent intracranial angioplasty or stenting after mechanical thrombectomy. Thirty percent of the patients (15/50) had underlying ICAS at the occlusion site. On pretreatment diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), bilateral thalamic infarction was less frequently found in patients with ICAS (0% vs. 25.7%, p = 0.03). Occlusion in the proximal segment of the basilar artery was more common in patients with ICAS (60% vs. 5.7%, p < 0.001), whereas occlusion in the distal segment of the basilar artery was more common in patients without ICAS (26.7% vs. 91.4%, p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in the rates of successful revascularization, 3-month modified Rankin Scale scores of 0–2, symptomatic hemorrhage, and mortality between the two groups. ICAS was common in patients with acute stroke due to BAO. The occlusion site and the presence or absence of bilateral thalamic infarction on pretreatment DWI might help predict the underlying ICAS in patients with acute BAO.

  7. Miscellaneous Endovascular Treatment of Ruptured Hepatic Artery Pseudoaneurysms after Pylorus Preserving Pancreaticoduodenectomy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kang, Ung Rae; Lee, Young Hwan [Dept. of Radiology, Daegu Catholic University Medical Center, Catholic of Daegu University School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Ahn, Eun Joung; Kim, See Hyung; Kim, Young Hwan [Dept. of Radiology, Keimyung University Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University College of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-03-15

    To assess the feasibility and safety of the endovascular treatment of ruptured hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms after pylorus preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD). Thirteen patients with hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after PPPD were enrolled. Various endovascular techniques were used depending on the sites and morphologies of the pseudoaneurysms. Five cases were treated by coil embolization, five with stent-graft, one by thrombin injection and coil embolization, one with stent-graft and coil embolization, and one with N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) injection. Computed tomography scans and liver function test were performed after the procedures. Pseudoaneurysm exclusion and bleeding cessation was achieved in all patients. In four patients that underwent coil or NBCA embolization of the hepatic artery, aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) were markedly elevated. Two of these four patients with narrowing of the portal vein due to surrounding hematoma died of hepatic infarction or hepatic abscess. In other nine patients, AST and ALT were unchanged. In the 11 surviving patients, normal hepatic function and complete pseudoaneurysm disappearance were achieved during follow-up. Endovascular treatment of ruptured hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms can be considered as a feasible and safe method. However, complete occlusion of the hepatic artery with coils should be avoided in patients with inadequate portal flow.

  8. Validation and absolute quantification of MR perfusion compared with CT perfusion in patients with unilateral cerebral arterial stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chiu, Fang-Ying, E-mail: fychiou@hotmail.com [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan (China); Kao, Yi-Hsuan, E-mail: yhkao@ym.edu.tw [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan (China); Teng, Michael Mu Huo, E-mail: mhteng@gmail.com [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan (China); School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan (China); Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chung, Hsiao-Wen, E-mail: chung@cc.ee.ntu.edu.tw [Department of Electrical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Chang, Feng-Chi, E-mail: fcchang374@gmail.com [School of Medicine, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan (China); Department of Radiology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan (China); Cho, I-Chieh, E-mail: jessie8030@yahoo.com.tw [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan (China); Chen, Wen-Chun, E-mail: sky7408695@hotmail.com [Department of Biomedical Imaging and Radiological Sciences, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei City, Taiwan (China)

    2012-12-15

    Objective: The aim of the study was to assess absolute quantification of dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance perfusion (MRP) comparing with computed tomography perfusion (CTP) in patients with unilateral stenosis. Materials and methods: We retrospectively post-processed MRP in 20 patients with unilateral occlusion or stenosis of >79% at the internal carotid artery or the middle cerebral artery (MCA). Absolute quantification of MRP was performed after applying the following techniques: cerebrospinal fluid removal, vessel removal, and automatic segmentation of brain to calculate the scaling factors to convert relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) and relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF) values to absolute values. For comparison between MRP and CTP, we manually deposited regions of interest in bilateral MCA territories at the level containing the body of the lateral ventricle. Results: The correlation between MRP and CTP was best for mean transit time (MTT) (r = 0.83), followed by cerebral blood flow (CBF) (r = 0.52) and cerebral blood volume (CBV) (r = 0.43). There was no significant difference between CTP and MRP for CBV, CBF, and MTT on the lesion side, the contralateral side, the lesion-contralateral differences, or the lesion-to-contralateral ratios (P > 0.05). The mean differences between MRP and CTP were as follows: CBV −0.57 mL/100 g, CBF 2.50 mL/100 g/min, and MTT −0.90 s. Conclusion: Absolute quantification of MRP is possible. Using the proposed method, measured values of MRP and CTP had acceptable linear correlation and quantitative agreement.

  9. Detection of significant stenosis in the left anterior descending artery by 'virtual myocardial perfusion' bolus tracking, 320 slice computed tomography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaoka, Hiroyuki; Funabashi, Nobusada; Fujimoto, Yoshihide; Kobayashi, Yoshio

    2014-12-20

    We used bolus-tracking CT-images, which are usually used only to detect contrast-material in target organs for optimal-starting of acquisition, as virtual first pass myocardial perfusion images. Retrospective-analysis of 14 patients (10 male, 63 ± 10 years) diagnosed with ≥ 75% stenosis confined to left-anterior-descending-artery (LAD) (7 patients, Group-1) or insignificant stenosis of any coronary artery (7 patients Group-2) diagnosed using invasive-coronary-angiograms (ICA) and enhanced 320-slice-CT within 3-months and without incident between examinations. Bolus-tracking CT-images were acquired at mid-level left-ventricle (LV) until CT-attenuation of descending-aorta increased to 200 HU. We measured CT-attenuation (HU) in the LV anterior-wall (AW), the basal inter-ventricular-septum (BIVS), and LV basal lateral-wall (BLW) in end-systole using both bolus-tracking images and routine, enhanced, early-phase CT-images. In the bolus-tracking images, the Group-1 LV AW, BIVS, BLW CT-attenuation and ratio of LV AW CT attenuation to the average of BIVS and BLW were 36 ± 7HU, 62 ± 11HU, 58 ± 25HU, and 0.6 ± 0.1 respectively. In Group-2, they were 53 ± 14HU, 56 ± 9HU, 54 ± 15HU, and 1.0 ± 0.3 respectively. LV AW CT attenuation and the ratio of LV AW CT values to the average of BIVS and BLW, were significantly lower in Group-1 (both P BLW and without the need for drugs, exercise or additional radiation-exposure. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Detection of carotid artery stenosis using histological specimens: a comparison of CT angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, digital subtraction angiography and Doppler ultrasonography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Netuka, David; Belšán, Tomáš; Broulíková, Karolina; Mandys, Václav; Charvát, František; Malík, Josef; Coufalová, Lucie; Bradáč, Ondřej; Ostrý, Svatopluk; Beneš, Vladimír

    2016-08-01

    Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is accepted as a primary modality to treat carotid stenosis. The accuracy of measuring carotid stenosis is important for indication of the CEA procedure. Different diagnostic tools have been developed and used in the past 2 decades for the diagnosis of carotid stenosis. Only a few studies, however, have focused on the comparison of different diagnostic tools to histological findings of carotid plaque. Patients with internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis were investigated primarily by computed tomography angiography (CTA). Digital subtraction angiography (DSA), Doppler ultrasonography (DUS) and magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) were performed as well. Atherosclerotic plaque specimens were transversally cut into smaller segments and histologically processed. The slides were scanned and specimens showing maximal stenosis were determined; the minimal diameter and the diameter of the whole plaque were measured. High quality histological specimen and histological measurement was considered to be the prerequisite for inclusion into the analysis. The preoperative findings were compared with histological measurement. CTA and histological measurements were obtained from 152 patients. DSA measurements were available in 138 of these cases, MRA in 107 and DUS in 88. A comparison between preoperative and histological findings was performed. In addition, correlation coefficients were computed and tested. A significant correlation was found for each of the diagnostic procedures. The strongest correlation coefficient and the best allocation of stenosis into clinical significant groups (<50 %, 50-69 %, ≥70 %) was observed for CTA. Mean differences in the whole cohort between preoperative and histological measurements were as follows: CTA underestimated histological measurement by 2.4 % (based on European Carotid Surgery Trial [ECST] methodology) and 11.9 % (based on North American Symptomatic Carotid Endarterectomy Trial [NASCET] methodology

  11. Long-Term Results of Urgent Revascularization for Hepatic Artery Thrombosis After Pediatric Liver Transplantation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Warnaar, Nienke; Polak, Wojciech G.; de Jong, Koert P.; de Boer, Marieke T.; Verkade, Henkjan J.; Sieders, Egbert; Peeters, Paul M. J. G.; Porte, Robert J.

    Hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) after pediatric orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is a serious complication resulting in bile duct necrosis and often requiring retransplantation. Immediate surgical thrombectomy/thrombolysis has been reported to be a potentially successful treatment for

  12. Endovascular treatment for pseudoaneurysms arising from the hepatic artery after liver transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Thorat

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm after liver transplantation is an uncommon but potentially lethal complication. Early diagnosis and treatment are essential to avoid life-threatening hemorrhage in these patients. We herein report the case of three patients who developed hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms after living donor liver transplantation. Two patients presented with massive duodenal bleeding secondary to erosion of the hepatic artery into the bile duct, and one patient presented with intra-abdominal bleeding. These patients were managed by catheter-based minimal invasive endovascular procedures including coil embolization and stent grafting. All the patients were treated successfully with uneventful recovery. This technique can be considered as an effective treatment option for hepatic artery pseudoaneurysms instead of a difficult surgical intervention.

  13. Prebiliary Right Hepatic Artery Resulting in Common Hepatic Duct Compression and Subsequent Intrahepatic Stone Formation: Myth or Reality?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Marron Mendes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The vascular anatomy of the liver is subjected to many variations. Aberrant hepatic artery is not an uncommon finding during visceral surgery; however, topographic variations are less reported in the literature. Prebiliary artery crossing anteriorly to the common hepatic duct was firstly reported in 1984. We present here a case of a 52-year-old lady who presented with obstructive jaundice and right upper quadrant pain. Paraclinical investigations were consistent with intrahepatic stones and a benign stricture on the CBD. During surgery, a prebiliary right hepatic artery compressing the CHD was noted. The liver pedicle was dissected and a hepaticojejunostomy was performed that resulted in a good outcome after 24 months of followup.

  14. Early results after synchronous carotid stent placement and coronary artery bypass graft in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barrera, Juan Guillermo; Rojas, Kristin E; Balestrini, Carlos; Espinel, Camilo; Figueredo, Antonio; Saaibi, Jose Federico; Machuca, Santiago; Murcia, Adriana

    2013-02-01

    The optimal management of patients with combined carotid and coronary artery disease requiring cardiac surgery is still unknown. Staged carotid endarterectomy and carotid artery stenting (CAS), each followed by coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), are options frequently employed. However, for patients with severe carotid artery disease in urgent need of open cardiac revascularization, staged operations may not be the most appropriate alternative. The aim of this study was to describe our experience using a synchronous CAS-CABG method with minimal interprocedural time. We used this synchronous combination of procedures in patients with combined carotid and coronary artery disease admitted for urgent CABG. Patients with concomitant severe carotid and coronary artery disease scheduled for synchronous CAS and urgent CABG between December 2006 and January 2010 were included in the study. All procedures were performed at a single center: the Cardiovascular Foundation of Colombia, in Floridablanca, Santander, Colombia. The study cohort was characterized according to demographic and clinical characteristics, which included degree of carotid stenosis, presence/absence of preoperative neurological symptoms, and cardiac operative risk profile. All patients underwent CAS under embolic protection devices and then CABG within the next 2 hours. Patients received aspirin pre- and postprocedure but were started on clopidogrel only after CABG. The primary end point of the study was the composite incidence rate of myocardial infarction, stroke, and death 30 days after CAS-CABG. Fifteen patients with concomitant severe carotid and coronary artery disease underwent synchronous CAS-CABG. Most patients (60%) were men, and mean (± standard deviation) age was 65.2 (± 8.4) years. Most patients (93%) were neurologically asymptomatic. The median (interquartile range) ejection fraction and logistic European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation (EuroSCORE) for the cohort were 55% (36

  15. Subclavian artery stenosis caused by non-specific arteritis (Takayasu disease): treatment with Palmaz stent

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maskovic, J.; Jankovic, S.; Lusic, I.; Cambj-Sapunar, L.; Mimica, Z.; Bacic, A

    1999-09-01

    A 32-year old woman was admitted to the hospital with a sudden onset of right-sided hemiplegia and aphasia. Immediate angiographic examination revealed a severe form of type I Takayasu arteritis with occlusion of all supra-aortic vessels, with the exception of the left subclavian artery which was, however, almost completely occluded 1 cm proximal to the origin of the left vertebral artery. Since the latter provided the entire blood supply to the brain tissues, an immediate attempt was undertaken to dilate the left subclavian artery; when this was unrewarding, stenting of the lesion was successfully accomplished with excellent primary and 6-month follow-up results.

  16. Fluid mechanics of arterial stenosis: relationship to the development of mural thrombus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bluestein, D; Niu, L; Schoephoerster, R T; Dewanjee, M K

    1997-01-01

    In this study, we analyzed blood flow through a model stenosis with Reynolds numbers ranging from 300 to 3,600 using both experimental and numerical methods. The jet produced at the throat was turbulent, leading to an axisymmetric region of slowly recirculating flow. For higher Reynolds numbers, this region became more disturbed and its length was reduced. The numerical predictions were confirmed by digital particle image velocimetry and used to describe the fluid dynamics mechanisms relevant to prior measurements of platelet deposition in canine blood flow (R.T. Schoephoerster et al., Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis 12:1806-1813, 1993). Actual deposition onto the wall was dependent on the wall shear stress distribution along the stenosis, increasing in areas of flow recirculation and reattachment. Platelet activation potential was analyzed under laminar and turbulent flow conditions in terms of the cumulative effect of the varying shear and elongational stresses, and the duration platelets are exposed to them along individual platelet paths. The cumulative product of shear rate and exposure time along a platelet path reached a value of 500, half the value needed for platelet activation under constant shear (J.M.. Ramstack et al., Journal of Biomechanics 12: 113-125, 1979).

  17. Semi-automatic quantitative measurements of intracranial internal carotid artery stenosis and calcification using CT angiography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bleeker, Leslie; Marquering, Henk A.; van den Berg, René; Nederkoorn, Paul J.; Majoie, Charles B.

    2012-01-01

    Intracranial carotid artery atherosclerotic disease is an independent predictor for recurrent stroke. However, its quantitative assessment is not routinely performed in clinical practice. In this diagnostic study, we present and evaluate a novel semi-automatic application to quantitatively measure

  18. In-Vitro Evaluation of Coronary Stents and 64-Detector-Row Computed Tomography Using a Newly Developed Model of Coronary Artery Stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schlosser, T.; Scheuermann, T.; Ulzheimer, S.; Mohrs, O.K.; Kuehling, M.; Albrecht, P.E.; Voigtlaender, T.; Barkhausen, J.; Schmermund, A. (Cardiovascular Center Bethanien (CCB), Frankfurt (DE))

    2008-02-15

    Background: Stent implantation is the predominant therapy for non-surgical myocardial revascularization in patients with coronary artery disease. However, despite substantial advances in multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) coronary imaging, a reliable detection of coronary in-stent restenosis is currently not possible. Purpose: To examine the ability of 64-detector-row CT to detect and to grade in-stent stenosis in coronary stents using a newly developed ex-vivo vessel phantom with a realistic CT density pattern, artificial stenosis, and a thorax phantom. Material and Methods: Four different stents (Liberte and Lunar ROX, Boston Scientific; Driver, Medtronic; Multi-Link Vision, Guidant) were examined. The stents were placed on a polymer tube with a diameter of 2.5, 3.0, 3.5, or 4.0 mm. Different degrees of stenosis (0%, 30%, 50%, 70-80%) were created inside the tube. For quantitative analysis, attenuation values were measured in the non-stenotic vessel outside the stent, in the non-stenotic vessel inside the stent, and in the stenotic area inside the stent. The grade of stenosis was visually assessed by two observers. Results: All stents led to artificial reduction of attenuation, the least degree of which was found in the Liberte stent (11.3+-10.2 HU) and the Multi-Link Vision stent (17.6+-17.9 HU; P 0.25). Overall, the non-stenotic vessel was correctly diagnosed in 55.5%, the low-grade stenosis in 58.3%, the intermediate stenosis in 63.8%, and the high-grade stenosis in 80.5%. In the 3.0-, 3.5-, and 4.0-mm vessels, in none of the cases was a non-stenotic or low-grade stenotic vessel misdiagnosed as intermediate or high-grade stenosis. The average deviation from the real grade of stenosis was 0.40 for the Liberte stent, 0.46 for the Lunar ROX stent, 0.45 for the Driver stent, and 0.58 for the Multi-Link Vision stent. Conclusion: Our ex-vivo data show that non-stenotic stents and low-grade in-stent stenosis can be reliably differentiated from intermediate and

  19. Double puncture of single common femoral artery for CT hepatic arteriography and CT arterial portography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Ho Kyoung; Lee, Sang Chun [Seoul Red Cross Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yun Hwan; Kim, Hyoung Rae; Kang, Chang Ho; Kim, Hong Won; Cho, Sung Bum; Suh, Won Hyuck [Korea Univ. College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1998-11-01

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of double puncture of a single common femoral artery for CT hepatic arteriography (CTHA) and CT arterial portography (CTAP) in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma. Between October and December 1995, 35 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma underwent double puncture of a single common femoral artery for combined CTHA and CTAP. Preangiographic laboratory data were as follows:platelet count from 28,000 to 250,000/mm{sup 3} (average, 124,500/mm{sup 3});prothrombin time from 45.8% to 100% (average, 85.3%). In the inguinal area, a pair of 21G puncture needles were used unilaterally for the first two femoral punctures, at a distance of 5-7mm;a 0.018'' guidewire for the insertion of a 4-F sheath in a coaxial micropuncture introducer set;and a 0.035'' guidewire and 4F check-flo sheath for the insertion of 4-F catheters. After being moved to the CT room, patients then underwent spiral CTHA and CTAP for further detection of hepatocellular carcinoma nodules. Transarterial chemoembolization followed, and the punctured site was then compressed by the usual finger compression method. After initial compression and one day later, we observed the puncture site for complications such as hematoma formation, thromboembolization or arteriovenous fistula, etc. Except for the formation of two mild hematomas, no remarkable severe complications were noted. Fifteen patients who had previously undergone combined spiral CTHA and CTAP using the bilateral femoral puncture method (with a 5-F check-flo sheath) felt more comfortable than when an earlier method was uded. For combined CTHA and CTAP, double puncture of a single common femoral artery is safer and more comfortable than the bilateral femoral puncture method.=20.

  20. Obstructive jaundice caused by pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysms associated with celiac axis stenosis: case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Tiansheng; Wan, Zhili; Chen, Hongwei; Mao, Xixian; Yi, Yayang; Li, Dewei

    2015-07-01

    Pancreaticoduodenal artery aneurysm (PDA) is quite rare, which accounts for only approximate 2% of all visceral aneurysms. Besides, PDA is usually related to celiac axis stenosis (CAS) and prone to rupture. Advanced imaging examination can facilitate the disclosure of such peripancreatic masses, but most of them were seldom diagnosed until they rupture because of the nonspecific symptoms. Secondary to PDA, obstructive jaundice is however an extremely rare manifestation. A case of an 84-year-old man is reported here, who suffered from severe jaundice caused by a ruptured PDA associated with CAS. In addition, this review collects and organizes PDAs with jaundice by applying a MEDLINE search and discusses the pathogenesis and therapeutic options of these aneurysms leading to external compression over the bile duct. Consequently, the formation of PDA with obstructive jaundice is based on the specific anatomy of pancreaticoduodenal arcades. When there is a retroperitoneal mass around the head of the pancreas associated with unexpected jaundice, PDA should be considered, for which early aggressive therapy is required. The case report and literature review suggest that PDA associated with obstructive jaundice may be treated successfully by single transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) without auxiliary biliary drainage, whether it ruptures or not. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Percutaneous Retrograde Transhepatic Arterial Puncture to Regain Access in the True Lumen of the Dissected and Acutely Occluded Transplant Hepatic Artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paz-Fumagalli, R; Jia, Z; Sella, D M; McKinney, J M; Frey, G T; Wang, W

    2017-03-01

    Iatrogenic hepatic artery dissection is a serious complication that can progress to complete hepatic artery occlusion and graft loss. Restoration of arterial flow to the graft is urgent, but the severity and extent of the dissection may interfere with endovascular techniques. The authors describe a technique of percutaneous retrograde transhepatic arterial puncture to regain access into the true lumen of the dissected hepatic artery to restore in-line flow to the liver graft. © 2016 The American Society of Transplantation and the American Society of Transplant Surgeons.

  2. Effects of surgical en bloc rotation of the arterial trunk on the conduction system in children with transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect and pulmonary stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prandstetter, Christoph; Tulzer, Andreas; Mair, Rudolf; Sames-Dolzer, Eva; Tulzer, Gerald

    2016-03-01

    The standard surgical management of patients with transposition of the great arteries, ventricular septal defect, and pulmonary stenosis is the Rastelli operation. Recently, en bloc rotation of the arterial trunk, by cutting out the aortic and the pulmonary root in one block and by rotating it 180°, has been introduced as a new option for anatomical repair. To evaluate the effects of this surgical method on the conduction system, pre-operative, post-operative, and follow-up electrocardiograms as well as patient charts were reviewed retrospectively. A total of 16 consecutive patients with transposition of the great arteries and left outflow tract obstruction were treated with en bloc rotation. During the post-operative period, there were two patients with complete atrio-ventricular block, one with junctional ectopic tachycardia, one with ventricular tachycardia, and one with supraventricular tachycardia. None of the patients had a typical right bundle branch block pattern before surgery; however, this pattern was detectable after surgery in eight out of 16 patients (50%), which persisted during the follow-up. All patients without typical right bundle branch block pattern showed a median QRS duration of 65 ms (54-112 ms) before surgery, 62 ms (54-122 ms) after surgery, and 84 ms (66-128 ms) at the last follow-up visit. This compares well with a similar Rastelli cohort, where a right bundle branch block prevalence of 77% was reported. Out of 16 patients, 12 showed non-specific ST changes and negative T-waves, which persisted during follow-up with an unknown significance for the future. Our data suggest that en bloc rotation of the arterial trunk seems not to have more negative effects on the conduction system than the Rastelli operation.

  3. Implantable continuous Doppler monitoring device for detection of hepatic artery thrombosis after liver transplantation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, K.P.; Bekker, J.; van Laarhoven, S.; Ploem, S.; van Rheenen, P.F.; Albers, M.J.; van der Hilst, C.S.; Groen, H.

    2012-01-01

    Background. Early hepatic artery thrombosis (eHAT) after liver transplantation occurs in 3% of adults and 8% of children and often results in retransplantation. eHAT is initially asymptomatic and arterial patency is monitored with percutaneous Doppler ultrasound screening (pDUS). The aim of the

  4. Regadenoson-Stress Dynamic Myocardial Perfusion Improves Diagnostic Performance of CT Angiography in Assessment of Intermediate Coronary Artery Stenosis in Asymptomatic Patients

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxa, Jan; Hromádka, Milan; Šedivý, Jakub; Štěpánková, Lucie; Moláček, Jiří; Schmidt, Bernhard; Flohr, Thomas; Ferda, Jiří

    2015-01-01

    The prospective study included 54 asymptomatic high-risk patients who underwent coronary CT angiography (CTA) and regadenoson-induced stress CT perfusion (rsCTP). Diagnostic accuracy of significant stenosis (≥50%) determination was evaluated for CTA alone and CTA + rsCTP in 27 patients referred to ICA due to the positive rsCTP findings. Combined evaluation of CTA + rsCTP had higher diagnostic accuracy over CTA alone (per-segment: specificity 96 versus 68%, p = 0.002; per-vessel: specificity 95 versus 75%, p = 0.012) and high overruling rate of rsCTP was proved in intermediate stenosis (40–70%). Results demonstrate a significant additional value of rsCTP in the assessment of intermediate coronary artery stenosis found with CTA. PMID:26236712

  5. Regadenoson-Stress Dynamic Myocardial Perfusion Improves Diagnostic Performance of CT Angiography in Assessment of Intermediate Coronary Artery Stenosis in Asymptomatic Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Baxa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The prospective study included 54 asymptomatic high-risk patients who underwent coronary CT angiography (CTA and regadenoson-induced stress CT perfusion (rsCTP. Diagnostic accuracy of significant stenosis (≥50% determination was evaluated for CTA alone and CTA + rsCTP in 27 patients referred to ICA due to the positive rsCTP findings. Combined evaluation of CTA + rsCTP had higher diagnostic accuracy over CTA alone (per-segment: specificity 96 versus 68%, p=0.002; per-vessel: specificity 95 versus 75%, p=0.012 and high overruling rate of rsCTP was proved in intermediate stenosis (40–70%. Results demonstrate a significant additional value of rsCTP in the assessment of intermediate coronary artery stenosis found with CTA.

  6. Post-traumatic hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm treated with endovascular embolization and thrombin injection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Francisco, Lloret Estañ; Asunción, López Conesa; Antonio, Capel Alemán; Ricardo, Robles Campos; Manuel, Reus Pintado; Caridad, Marín Hernández

    2010-02-27

    Post-traumatic hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm is uncommon, appearing in approximately 1% of hepatic trauma cases. Most are extrahepatic (80%) and have a late onset. Although they are usually asymptomatic, they should always be treated becasue of the high risk of complications, especially breakage. Currently the treatment of choice is endovascular embolization with coils or the exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm using other intravascular devices. Recently there have been accounts of a treatment that combines embolization with coils and image-guided percutaneous human thrombin injection. We present a case of post-traumatic hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm that was successfully treated using this combined technique.

  7. Atherosclerotic plaque volume and composition in symptomatic carotid arteries assessed with multidetector CT angiography; relationship with severity of stenosis and cardiovascular risk factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rozie, S.; Weert, T.T. de; Monye, C. de; Homburg, P.J.; Tanghe, H.L.J.; Lugt, A. van der [Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Departments of Radiology, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Dippel, D.W.J. [Erasmus MC, University Medical Center Rotterdam, Department of Neurology, PO Box 2040, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

    2009-09-15

    The purpose of this study was to examine the volume and the composition of atherosclerotic plaque in symptomatic carotid arteries and to investigate the relationship between these plaque features and the severity of stenosis and the presence of cardiovascular risk factors. One hundred patients with cerebrovascular symptoms underwent CT angiography. We measured plaque volume (PV) and the relative contribution of plaque components (calcifications, fibrous tissue, and lipid) in the symptomatic artery. The contribution of different components was measured as the number of voxels within defined ranges of HU values (calcification >130 HU, fibrous tissue 60-130 HU, lipid core <60 HU). Fifty-seven patients had atherosclerotic plaque in the symptomatic carotid artery. The severity of stenosis and PV were moderately correlated. Age and smoking were independently related to PV. Patients with hypercholesterolemia had significantly less lipid and more calcium in their plaques than patients without hypercholesterolemia. Other cardiovascular risk factors were not significantly related to PV or plaque composition. Luminal stenosis of the carotid artery partly reflects the amount of atherosclerotic carotid disease. Plaque volume and plaque composition are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. (orig.)

  8. Carotid artery stenosis in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing dialysis: Epidemiological aspects, main risk factors and appropriate diagnostic criteria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahram Shams Hakimi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge of the epidemiology and risk profile of peripheral vascular disease among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD has a potential role for determining its outcome. This study assessed the epidemiological aspects and risk factors of carotid artery stenosis (CAS, assessed by clinical ankle brachial index (ABI, in patients on dialysis. This study was performed on 84 patients with CKD undergoing hemodialysis (HD; n = 65 or peritoneal dialysis (PD; n = 19. The ABI was measured using a concurrent oscillometric method and Color Doppler sonography. An ABI value >0.9 was defined as normal. Severity of the stenosis was determined using B-Mode sonography. Overall, CAS was seen in 51.2% of the study patients. No significant difference was found in the overall prevalence of CAS between the HD and PD groups (50.8% vs. 52.6%, P = 0.552. The mean ABI in the HD and PD groups was 1.13 and 1.06, respectively. Among patient characteristics, advanced age was found to be a predictor of CAS in the study patients. Gender, type of dialysis or underlying risk factors could not predict CAS. ABI measurement was an acceptable predictor of CAS, with a receiver operator characteristic of 0.645. The optimal cut-off for ABI for predicting CAS was identified at 1.0; this yielded a sensitivity of 70.8% and a specificity of 63.6% for the test. In conclusion, a notable number of patients undergoing dialysis for CKD had CAS. The main predictive factor was advanced age. ABI measurement seems to be an acceptable tool to diagnose CAS.

  9. Urinary bisphenol a concentration and angiography-defined coronary artery stenosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Melzer

    Full Text Available Bisphenol A is widely used in food and drinks packaging. There is evidence of associations between raised urinary bisphenol A (uBPA and increased incidence of reported cardiovascular diagnoses.To estimate associations between BPA exposure and angiographically graded coronary atherosclerosis. 591 patients participating in The Metabonomics and Genomics in Coronary Artery Disease (MaGiCAD study in Cambridgeshire UK, comparing urinary BPA (uBPA with grades of severity of coronary artery disease (CAD on angiography. Linear models were adjusted for BMI, occupational social class and diabetes status. Severe (one to three vessel CAD was present in 385 patients, 86 had intermediate disease (n=86 and 120 had normal coronary arteries. The (unadjusted median uBPA concentration was 1.28 ng/mL with normal coronary arteries, and 1.53 ng/mL with severe CAD. Compared to those with normal coronary arteries, uBPA concentration was significantly higher in those with severe CAD (OR per uBPA SD=5.96 ng/ml OR=1.43, CI 1.03 to 1.98, p=0.033, and near significant for intermediate disease (OR=1.69, CI 0.98 to 2.94, p=0.061. There was no significant uBPA difference between patients with severe CAD (needing surgery and the remaining groups combined.BPA exposure was higher in those with severe coronary artery stenoses compared to those with no vessel disease. Larger studies are needed to estimate true dose response relationships. The mechanisms underlying the association remain to be established.

  10. Safety and Efficacy of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning in Patients With Severe Carotid Artery Stenosis Before Carotid Artery Stenting: A Proof-of-Concept, Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Wenbo; Meng, Ran; Ma, Chun; Hou, Baojun; Jiao, Liqun; Zhu, Fengshui; Wu, Weijuan; Shi, Jingfei; Duan, Yunxia; Zhang, Renling; Zhang, Jing; Sun, Yongxin; Zhang, Hongqi; Ling, Feng; Wang, Yuping; Feng, Wuwei; Ding, Yuchuan; Ovbiagele, Bruce; Ji, Xunming

    2017-04-04

    Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) can inhibit recurrent ischemic events effectively in patients with acute or chronic cerebral ischemia. However, it is still unclear whether RIPC can impede ischemic injury after carotid artery stenting (CAS) in patients with severe carotid artery stenosis. Subjects with severe carotid artery stenosis were recruited in this randomized controlled study, and assigned to RIPC, sham, and no intervention (control) groups. All subjects received standard medical therapy. Subjects in the RIPC and sham groups underwent RIPC and sham RIPC twice daily, respectively, for 2 weeks before CAS. Plasma neuron-specific enolase and S-100B were used to evaluate safety, hypersensitive C-reactive protein, and new ischemic diffusion-weighted imaging lesions were used to determine treatment efficacy. The primary outcomes were the presence of ≥1 newly ischemic brain lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging within 48 hours after stenting and clinical events within 6 months after stenting. We randomly assigned 189 subjects in this study (63 subjects in each group). Both RIPC and sham RIPC procedures were well tolerated and completed with high compliance (98.41% and 95.24%, respectively). Neither plasma neuron-specific enolase levels nor S-100B levels changed significantly before and after treatment. No severe adverse event was attributed to RIPC and sham RIPC procedures. The incidence of new diffusion-weighted imaging lesions in the RIPC group (15.87%) was significantly lower than in the sham group (36.51%; relative risk, 0.44; 96% confidence interval, 0.20-0.91; P<0.01) and the control group (41.27%; relative risk, 0.39; 96% confidence interval, 0.21-0.82; P<0.01). The volumes of lesions were smaller in the RIPC group than in the control and sham groups (P<0.01 each). Ischemic events that occurred after CAS were 1 transient ischemic attack in the RIPC group, 2 strokes in the control group, and 2 strokes and 1 transient ischemic attack in the sham group

  11. Arcuate ligament compression as a cause of early-onset thrombosis of the hepatic artery after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vilatobá, Mario; Zamora-Valdés, Daniel; Guerrero-Hernández, Manuel; Romero-Talamás, Héctor; Leal-Villalpando, Rafael P; Mercado, Miguel A

    2011-01-01

    Early hepatic artery thrombosis (HAT) is a potentially lethal complication after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) requiring immediate intervention. To report an infrequent cause of HAT after OLT and by itself a controversial clinical entity, the median arcuate ligament celiac artery compression. A 59-year-old female with hepatitis C virus-induced cirrhosis, Child B, MELD 15, underwent cadaveric-donor OLT with complete vena cava exclusion. Type 1 hepatic artery anatomy was found both in the donor and the recipient, the gastroduodenal artery was ligated. During the first eight postoperative days, clinical and analytical evolution was satisfactory and Doppler ultrasound showed no abnormalities. On the ninth postoperative day, the patient developed hypovolemic shock due to bleeding at the hepatic artery anastomosis, surgical reconstruction was performed. Postoperative color Doppler showed absent hepatic artery flow and an angiography suggested celiac artery compression. The patient was explored again the same day, liberating the celiac artery from the median arcuate ligament and performing thrombectomy and reconstruction of the hepatic artery anastomosis. The patient made a satisfactory recovery and color Doppler showed adequate flow in the hepatic artery. She is alive, free of biliary complications and enjoying a good quality of life 12 months after transplantation. Median arcuate ligament celiac artery compression is an infrequent anatomical variant that should be intentionally evaluated in the recipient at the time of arterial reconstruction in OLT and specifically be considered in early HAT to allow recognition and effective correction.

  12. Prognostic Value of Gai′s Plaque Score and Agatston Coronary Artery Calcium Score for Functionally Significant Coronary Artery Stenosis

    OpenAIRE

    Chuang Zhang; Shuang Yang; Lu-Yue Gai; Zhi-Qi Han; Qian Xin; Xiao-Bo Yang; Jun-Jie Yang; Qin-Hua Jin

    2016-01-01

    Background: The prognostic values of the coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) score for predicting future cardiovascular events have been previously demonstrated in numerous studies. However, few studies have used the rich information available from CCTA to detect functionally significant coronary lesions. We sought to compare the prognostic values of Gai's plaque score and the coronary artery calcium score (CACS) of CCTA for predicting functionally significant coronary lesions, us...

  13. Transluminal attenuation gradient in coronary computed tomography angiography for determining stenosis severity of calcified coronary artery: a primary study with dual-source CT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Minwen; Wei, Mengqi; Wen, Didi; Zhao, Hongliang; Liu, Ying; Li, Jian [Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Radiology, Xijing Hospital, Xi' an, Shaanxi Province (China); Li, Jiayi [Fourth Military Medical University, Department of Cardiology, Xijing Hospital, Xi' an, Shaanxi Province (China)

    2015-05-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG) for stenosis severity of calcified lesions assessed by coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA). One hundred seven patients who underwent CCTA and coronary angiography (CAG) were enrolled. TAGs of 309 major epicardial coronary arteries were measured. The impact of plaque composition, Agatston scores, and lesion length ratio on TAG were analyzed. Diagnostic performance vs. CAG of TAG, CCTA, and combined TAG/CCTA were evaluated, and incremental value of TAG for reclassification of CCTA stenosis severity in calcified lesions was also analyzed. TAG decreased consistently with stenosis severity. TAG was significantly lower in coronary arteries with calcification scores >300 and lesion length ratios >2/3. TAG improved diagnostic accuracy of CCTA (c-statistic =0.982 vs. 0.942, P = 0.0001) in calcified lesions, and the sensitivity, specificity, positive, and negative predictive values of TAG cutoff ≤ -11.33 were 72 %, 91 %, 88 %, and 78 %, respectively. The addition of TAG to CCTA resulted in significant reclassification (NRI =0.093, P = 0.022) in calcified vessels. Measurement of TAG may improve diagnostic performance and reclassification of CCTA in coronary stenosis caused by calcified lesions. (orig.)

  14. Accuracy of unenhanced magnetic resonance angiography for the assessment of renal artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Sebastià

    2016-01-01

    Conclusion: U-MRA is a reliable diagnostic method to depict normal and stenotic main renal arteries. U-MRA can be used as an alternative to contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography or computer tomography angiography in patients with renal insufficiency unless FMD is suspected.

  15. Planning-free cerebral blood flow territory mapping in patients with intracranial arterial stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arteaga, Daniel F; Strother, Megan K; Davis, L Taylor; Fusco, Matthew R; Faraco, Carlos C; Roach, Brent A; Scott, Allison O; Donahue, Manus J

    2017-06-01

    A noninvasive method for quantifying cerebral blood flow and simultaneously visualizing cerebral blood flow territories is vessel-encoded pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling MRI. However, obstacles to acquiring such information include limited access to the methodology in clinical centers and limited work on how clinically acquired vessel-encoded pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling data correlate with gold-standard methods. The purpose of this work is to develop and validate a semiautomated pipeline for the online quantification of cerebral blood flow maps and cerebral blood flow territories from planning-free vessel-encoded pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling MRI with gold-standard digital subtraction angiography. Healthy controls (n = 10) and intracranial atherosclerotic disease patients (n = 34) underwent 3.0 T MRI imaging including vascular (MR angiography) and hemodynamic (cerebral blood flow-weighted arterial spin labeling) MRI. Patients additionally underwent catheter and/or CT angiography. Variations in cross-territorial filling were grouped according to diameters of circle of Willis vessels in controls. In patients, Cohen's k-statistics were computed to quantify agreement in perfusion patterns between vessel-encoded pseudocontinuous arterial spin labeling and angiography. Cross-territorial filling patterns were consistent with circle of Willis anatomy. The intraobserver Cohen's k-statistics for cerebral blood flow territory and digital subtraction angiography perfusion agreement were 0.730 (95% CI = 0.593-0.867; reader one) and 0.708 (95% CI = 0.561-0.855; reader two). These results support the feasibility of a semiautomated pipeline for evaluating major neurovascular cerebral blood flow territories in patients with intracranial atherosclerotic disease.

  16. Anesthetic management of hypertensive crisis in a three-year-old patient with undiagnosed severe renal artery stenosis: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Sang-Hee; Lee, Yoon-Sook; Min, Too Jae; Kim, Woon Young; Kim, Jae Hwan; Park, Young Cheol

    2014-10-01

    Pediatric hypertensive crisis is a potentially life threatening medical emergency, usually secondary to an underlying disease. Hypertension commonly occurs during general anesthesia, and is usually promptly and appropriately treated by anesthesiologists. However in children with severe, unexplained, or refractory hypertension, it has the potential to cause morbidity and even mortality in susceptible patients. We report an anesthetic management of an unexpected hypertensive crisis that developed during general anesthesia in a three-year-old girl with undiagnosed severe left renal artery stenosis.

  17. Magnetic Resonance Angiography and Doppler Scanning for Detecting Atherosclerotic Renal Artery Stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yee-Yung Ng

    2010-06-01

    Conclusion: RDS might still be the diagnostic procedure of choice for screening outpatients for ARAS because it is inexpensive, convenient, able to detect severity, and avoids the use of contrast media. When RDS is negative in aged people who have smoked longer than 20 years, with coronary artery disease or serum creatinine > 4 mg/dL, MRA is recommended for further evaluation of ARAS.

  18. Gene expression analysis: Regulation of key genes associated with mycophenolate mofetil treatment of symptomatic carotid artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Feng; Wang, Kai; Sun, Xiaochuan; Zhang, Zhanpu; Han, Ping

    2017-11-01

    The present study analyzed gene expression arrays to identify differentially-expressed genes (DEGs) between mycophenolate mofetil (MMF)‑treated and placebo‑treated patients with symptomatic carotid artery stenosis (SCAS). In addition, the key genes involved in the pharmacology of MMF treatment in patients with SCAS were identified. The gene expression dataset was obtained from a Gene Expression Omnibus database, which included 9 MMF‑treated and 11 placebo‑treated samples. The DEGs were identified between MMF and placebo groups using R software. Furthermore, a protein‑protein interaction (PPI) network of the identified DEGS was constructed. The Database for Annotation, Visualization and Integrated Discovery was used to perform Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analyses of the 19 most significant DEGs. A total of 210 DEGs between the MMF and placebo groups were screened and their PPI was constructed. GO function analysis revealed that the 19 DEGs were predominantly involved in the tyrosine phosphorylation of signal transducer and activator of transcription‑5 protein, which is closely associated with the activation of T cells. The KEGG pathway analysis suggested that the main metabolic pathways of the 19 DEGs were associated with the pharmacological functioning of MMF in activated T cells. In conclusion, the present study identified numerous key DEGs associated with SCAS, and the results suggested that v‑kit Hardy‑Zuckerman 4 feline sarcoma viral oncogene homolog and apelin may serve important roles in the MMF treatment of SCAS.

  19. Diminished response to furosemide in I-123 Hippuran renal studies of renovascular hypertension caused by unilateral renal artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flueckiger, F.M.; Fueger, G.F.; Einspieler, R.; Hausegger, K. (Department of Radiology, Graz (Austria))

    1990-09-01

    Dynamic I-123 Hippuran renal studies to measure furosemide response (FR) were performed in three groups of patients: (1) 57 patients with renovascular hypertension due to a poststenotic, ischemic kidney; (2) 23 patients with essential hypertension; and (3) 50 nonhypertensive patients with healthy kidneys (control group). FR was observed as renal parenchymal tracer washout within 10 minutes after the injection of 40 mg of furosemide. The retention index (RI) took into consideration the renal parenchymal tracer content before and 10 minutes after furosemide injection. In the control group, the FR was greater than 50% and the RI was less than 20. Patients with essential hypertension revealed no differences in the amounts of FR and RI compared with the control group. In renovascular hypertension, the FR was diminished and the RI was raised significantly. The values of FR and RI showed a good correlation to the degree of the renal artery stenosis before and after percutaneous transluminal angioplasty. It is concluded that the stimulation of diuresis with furosemide and its quantification represent an important additional step in the evaluation of dynamic I-123 Hippuran studies to detect renal ischemia.

  20. Ultrasound as a first line screening tool for the detection of renal artery stenosis: a comprehensive review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spyridopoulos, Themistoklis N; Kaziani, Katerina; Balanika, Alexia P; Kalokairinou-Motogna, Mariana; Bizimi, Vasiliki; Paianidi, Iovana; Baltas, Christos S

    2010-09-01

    Renal artery stenosis (RAS) is the most common underlying medical condition in secondary hypertension among adults, representing about 5% of all cases of hypertension. Early diagnosis of RAS is an important clinical objective since interventional therapy may improve or cure hypertension and preserve renal function. Contrast angiography is the currently reference standard for the diagnosis of RAS; however, its invasive nature renders it unsuitable for screening purposes. Among screening tests used for the detection of RAS (computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, radionuclide scanning), multiple studies have shown that color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS), although highly operator-dependent, can be an effective tool in the diagnosis of RAS. CDUS imaging is a simple, safe (noninvasive) and widely available technique; in addition, the procedure is painless and well tolerated by patients. In this concrete review we will underline the established color Doppler ultrasound criteria used for the detection of RAS, highlight their limitations and see how their combination may improve the diagnostic accuracy of this method.

  1. Association between Asymptomatic Unilateral Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis and Electrophysiological Function of the Retina and Optic Nerve

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Machalińska

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. This study was designed to assess retinal and optic nerve bioelectrical function in patients with unilateral asymptomatic but hemodynamically significant internal carotid artery stenosis (ICAS. Methods. Forty-two subjects with a diagnosis of unilateral ICAS and 34 controls were analyzed. Full-field electroretinogram (ERG, pattern electroretinogram (PERG, and pattern visual-evoked potentials, as well as optical coherence tomography and ophthalmological examination, were performed. Data analysis included eyes ipsilateral to ICAS (EIS and eyes contralateral to ICAS (ECS. Results. Intraocular pressure was significantly decreased in EIS and ECS compared to that in the controls. In the macula, both the cube average thickness and cube volume values were significantly reduced both in EIS and ECS compared to those in the controls. Similarly, PERG P50 and N95 wave amplitudes were significantly smaller in EIS and ECS compared to those in the controls. The ERG rod b-wave and rod-cone a-wave amplitudes were decreased, and implicit times were significantly prolonged, whereas the OP wave index was reduced in EIS compared to that in the controls. No differences in IOP, OCT, or ERG and PERG parameters were identified between EIS and ECS. Conclusions. Our study demonstrated that retinal bioelectrical function is negatively affected by ICAS despite the absence of objective clinical signs and symptoms of ocular ischemia.

  2. Diabetes mellitus does not preclude stabilization or improvement of renal function after stent revascularization in patients with kidney insufficiency and renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Jose A; Potluri, Srinivas; White, Christopher J; Collins, Tyrone J; Jenkins, J Stephen; Subramanian, Rajesh; Ramee, Stephen R

    2007-05-01

    To assess the impact of stent revascularization on the renal function of diabetic and nondiabetic patients with renal insufficiency. Renal artery revascularization has been shown to stabilize or improve renal function in patients with significant renal artery stenosis and impaired renal function. However, some studies have suggested negligible or no benefit of renal function in diabetic patients with the same condition. We retrospectively compared data from 50 consecutive patients undergoing renal artery stent placement with renal insufficiency (serum creatinine > or = 1.5-4.0 mg/dl) and global ischemia (bilateral or solitary [single] kidney renal artery stenosis) There were 17 diabetic (DM) and 33 nondiabetic (NDM) patients. The endpoints included the follow-up measurements of renal function, blood pressure, and number of antihypertensive medications. After stent placement, at a mean follow-up of 42 +/- 18 months (range: 6-62 months), 79% NDM (N = 26), and 76% DM patients (N = 13) (P = NS) had improvement in the slope of the reciprocal of creatinine (1/SCr), indicating a beneficial effect in renal function in many patients. Renal artery stent placement appears to be equally beneficial in preserving renal function in DM and NDM patients with ischemic nephropathy and global renal ischemia. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  3. Hepatic arterial supply in 1297 CT-angiographies; Die arterielle Leberversorgung in 1297 CT-Angiografien

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loeschner, C.; Kausche, S.; Teichgraeber, U. [Jena University Hospital, Jena (Germany). Dept. of Radiology; Nagel, S.N. [Charite Universitaetsmedizin Berlin (Germany). Dept. of Radiology

    2015-04-15

    Analysis, evaluation and classification of hepatic arterial supply variants and determination of their frequency distribution in CT-angiographies. CT-angiographies of 1,568 patients were evaluated retrospectively for the period between January 1, 2010 and August 30, 2012. The hepatic arterial anatomy was assessed and categorized according to Michels's classification. So far unclassified variants were considered separately. Results: CT-angiographies of 1297 patients were included in the study. Type I according to Michels was seen in 937 cases (72.2%), followed by type V in 114 patients (8.8%) and type III in 83 patients (6.4%). Type X could not be found in any of the patients. Not yet classified variants were discovered in 26 patients. The most frequent variant in this connection was a right hepatic artery originating from the superior mesenteric artery with the left hepatic artery originating from the left gastric artery (n=10). Michels's classification could be largely confirmed on the basis of a radiologically examined patient population. Not yet classified variants were categorized into subgroups of the existing classification.

  4. Tissue Doppler echocardiography improves the diagnosis of coronary artery stenosis in stable angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Soren; Jensen, Jan Skov; Iversen, Allan Zeeberg

    2012-01-01

    Aim To determine if colour tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) performed at rest in patients with suspected stable angina pectoris (SAP) is able to predict the presence of significant coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS AND RESULTS: This study comprises 296 consecutive patients with clinically...... performed at rest is an independent predictor of significant CAD, and colour TDI improves the diagnostic performance of exercise ECG....... suspected SAP, no previous cardiac history, and a normal ejection fraction. All patients were examined by colour TDI, exercise electrocardiogram (ECG), and coronary angiography (CAG). Regional longitudinal systolic (s'), early diastolic (e'), and late diastolic (a') myocardial velocities were measured...

  5. Current smoking is associated with extracranial carotid atherosclerotic stenosis but not with intracranial large artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ji, Ruijun; Pan, Yuesong; Yan, Hongyi; Zhang, Runhua; Liu, Gaifen; Wang, Penglian; Wang, Yilong; Li, Hao; Zhao, Xingquan; Wang, Yongjun

    2017-06-26

    Accumulating evidence has shown that cigarette smoking is an important risk factor for ischemic stroke. However, it is not clear about the potential mechanisms through which cigarette smoking affects stroke risk. In the study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between cigarette smoking and the occurrence of extracranial (ECAS) and intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS). We analyzed patients enrolled in the Chinese intracranial atherosclerosis (CICAS), which was a prospective, multicenter, hospital-based cohort study. Smoking status was classified into never, former and current smoking. For those patients with current smoking, data on time duration (year) and extent (the number of cigarette smoked per day) was recorded and pack year of smoking was calculated. ICAS was evaluated with 3-dimentional time-of-flight MRA and ECAS was evaluated with cervical ultrasonography or contrast-enhanced MRA. Multivariable Logistic regression was performed to identify the association between smoking status and the occurrence of ECAS and ICAS. A total of 2656 patients (92.7%) of acute ischemic stroke and 208 (7.3%) of transient ischemic attack were analyzed. The mean age was 61.9 ± 11.2 and 67.8% were male. There were 141 (4.9%) patients had only ECAS, 1074 (37.5%) had only ICAS, and 261 (9.1%) had both ECAS and ICAS. Current smoking was significantly associated with the occurrence of ECAS (adjusted OR = 1.47, 95% CI = 1.09-1.99, P smoking increment, the risk of ECAS increased by 1.1% (adjusted OR = 1.011; 95% CI = 1.003-1.019; P = 0.005); with one cigarette smoked per day increment, the risk of ECAS increased by 1.0% (adjusted OR = 1.010; 95% CI = 1.001-1.020; P = 0.03); and with one pack year of smoking increment, the risk of ECAS increased by 0.7% (adjusted OR = 1.007; 95% CI = 1.002-1.012; P smoking status and the occurrence of ICAS. A dose-response relationship was identified between cigarette smoking and the occurrence of ECAS, but not ICAS

  6. A Case of Rheumatoid Vasculitis Involving Hepatic Artery in Early Rheumatoid Arthritis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Ji Eun; Kim, In Je; Cho, Min Sun; Lee, Jisoo

    2017-07-01

    Rheumatoid vasculitis is a rare, but most serious extra-articular complications of long-standing, seropositive rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Vasculitis of hepatic artery is an extremely rare but severe manifestation of rheumatoid vasculitis. A 72-year-old woman who presented with polyarthralgia for 2 months was diagnosed with early RA. Since she had manifestations of livedo reticularis, and liver dysfunction which was atypical for RA patients, a percutaneous needle liver biopsy was performed revealing arteritis of a medium-sized hepatic artery. Extensive investigations did not reveal evidences of other systemic causes such as malignancy or systemic vasculitis. The patient was diagnosed with rheumatoid vasculitis involving hepatic arteries based on Bacon and Scott criteria for rheumatoid vasculitis. With high dose corticosteroid and cyclophosphamide induction and methotrexate and tacrolimus maintenance treatment, she was successfully recovered. Association of rheumatoid vasculitis at very early stages of the disease may represent an early aggressive form of RA. © 2017 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.

  7. Long-Term Outcomes of Carotid Endarterectomy and Carotid Artery Stenting for Carotid Artery Stenosis: Real-World Status in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Imahori, Taichiro; Hosoda, Kohkichi; Fujita, Atsushi; Yamamoto, Yusuke; Mizowaki, Takashi; Miyake, Shigeru; Kimura, Hidehito; Kohta, Masaaki; Kohmura, Eiji

    2016-02-01

    We investigated long-term outcomes of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stenting (CAS) in our institute to evaluate the outcomes of real-world practice in Japan. Between August 2006 and July 2013, 203 consecutive carotid revascularizations with either CEA or CAS were performed in our institute. The initial treatment was regarded as the starting point in the cases of the patients who received treatment by bilateral carotid artery stenosis or retreatment. We assessed the long-term outcomes with survival analyses. A total of 182 patients (CEA 111, CAS 71), including 86 symptomatic patients, were included in the current study with a mean follow-up period of 42.9 months. The periprocedural stroke/death/myocardial infarction (MI) rate was 3.6% for CEA and 5.6% for CAS groups (P = .71). Estimates of the 4-year event-free rate from the primary end point (the composite of any stroke, death, or MI within 30 days, and any ipsilateral stroke thereafter) using competing risk analysis were 3.6% for CEA and 7.1% for CAS (P = .156). Kaplan-Meier estimates of the 4-year event-free rate from the secondary end point (the composite of any stroke, death, or MI within 30 days, and any stroke or death thereafter) were 13.8% for CEA and 19.1% for CAS (P = .072). Age was the only significant predictor for the primary end point. Both age and CAS were significant predictors for the secondary end point. The current study on real-world practices demonstrated perioperative and long-term outcomes that were comparable to previous major studies of large numbers of patients. Copyright © 2015 National Stroke Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Carotid Artery Stenosis Contralateral to Acute Tandem Occlusion: An Independent Predictor of Poor Clinical Outcome after Mechanical Thrombectomy with Concomitant Carotid Artery Stenting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maus, Volker; Behme, Daniel; Borggrefe, Jan; Kabbasch, Christoph; Seker, Fatih; Hüseyin, Cicek; Barnikol, Utako Birgit; Yeo, Leonard Leong Litt; Brouwer, Patrick; Söderman, Michael; Möhlenbruch, Markus; Psychogios, Marios Nikos; Liebig, Thomas; Dohmen, Christian; Fink, Gereon Rudolf; Mpotsaris, Anastasios

    2017-11-24

    Cerebral ischemic strokes due to extra-/intracranial tandem occlusions (TO) of the anterior circulation are responsible for causing mechanical thrombectomy (MT). The impact of concomitant contralateral carotid stenosis (CCS) upon outcome remains unclear in this stroke subtype. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data of 4 international stroke centers between 2011 and 2017. One hundred ninety-seven consecutive patients with anterior TO were treated with MT and acute carotid artery stenting (CAS). Clinical (including demographics and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale [NIHSS]), imaging (including angiographic evaluation of CCS) and procedural data were evaluated. Favorable clinical outcome was defined as modified Rankin Scale (mRS) ≤2 at 90 days. In 186 out of 197 TO patients preinterventional CT angiography was available for analysis, thereof 49 patients (26%) presented with CCS. Median admission NIHSS and procedural timings did not differ between groups. Reperfusion was successful in 38 out of 49 patients (78%) vs. 113 out of 148 patients (76%) without CCS. In stark contrast, rate of favorable outcome at 90 days differed significantly between groups (22 vs. 44%; p 50% is an independent predictor of poor clinical outcome. This most likely cause is due to poorer collateral flow to the affected tissue. © 2017 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  9. Estenose arterial pós-transplante hepático: tratamento com angioplastia transluminal percutânea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Hugo Kisilevzky

    Full Text Available Vascular complications after liver transplantation include oclusion or stenosis at the sites of anastomosis in the hepatic artery, portal vein, and vena cava. Balloon angioplasty of these stenosis carries little risk and is a useful procedure for the treatment of these problems. The purpose of this paper was to assess whether percutaneous transluminal angioplasty can help to prolong allograft survival and impruve allograft function in patient with hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplantation. We report a 43-year-old mate with stenosis of hepatic artery anastomosis after liver transplantation. An abrupt elevation of liver enzymes and serum bilirrubin levels was noted on the fifth postoperative month. The patient underwent percutaneous liver biopsy, which revealed important ductal depletion due to hypoperfusion, even though Doppler ultrasound examination demonstrated arterial flow. An angiogram confirmed severe stenosis of the arterial anastomosis with poor intraparenchymal arterial perfusion pattern. In an attempt to preserve the graft, a percutaneous transluminal angioplasty was performed using microballoons mounted on a hydrophylic micro guidewire. Intervention proceeded without complications. Liver enzimes and bilirrubin levels decreased within twenty-four hours of angioplasty. Normal levels were achieved after one week. Seven month after angioplasty, the patient is in a optimal clinical condition with no signs of graft impairment. We conclude that percutaneous transluminal angioplasty of hepatic artery stenosis after liver transplantation is relatively safe and may help decrease allograft loss.

  10. Accuracy of 16-slice multi-detector CT to quantify the degree of coronary artery stenosis: Assessment of cross-sectional and longitudinal vessel reconstructions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cury, Ricardo C. [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)]. E-mail: rcury@partners.org; Ferencik, Maros [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Achenbach, Stephan [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Internal Medicine II, University of Erlangen (Germany); Pomerantsev, Eugene [Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Nieman, Koen [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Moselewski, Fabian [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Abbara, Suhny [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Jang, Ik-Kyung [Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Brady, Thomas J. [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States); Hoffmann, Udo [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA (United States)

    2006-03-15

    Background: Sixteen-slice multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) permits reliable noninvasive detection of significant coronary stenosis based on qualitative visual assessment. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of MDCT to quantify the degree of coronary stenosis as compared to quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) using two different reconstruction methods. Methods: We studied 69 coronary artery lesions from 38 consecutive patients that underwent 16-slice MDCT as a part of research study, which enrolled consecutive subjects scheduled for clinically indicated invasive coronary angiography. Nine coronary artery lesions with motion artifacts, heavily calcified plaques or stents were excluded from the analysis. The degree of stenosis was calculated by two independent readers non-blinded to the location of the stenosis, but blinded to the results of the QCA. MDCT luminal diameters were measured in cross-sectional multi-planar reformatted (CS-MPR) images created perpendicular to the centerline of the vessel and in 5 mm thin-slab maximum intensity projections (MIP) parallel to the long axis of the vessel. Both MDCT methods were compared against QCA. Results: The mean degree of stenosis as measured by MDCT was closely correlated to QCA for both methods (CS-MPR versus QCA: 61 {+-} 23% versus 64 {+-} 29%; r {sup 2} = 0.83, p < 0.001 and MIP versus QCA: 64 {+-} 22% versus 64 {+-} 29%; r {sup 2} = 0.84, p < 0.001 for MIP. Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated a negative bias of the degree of stenosis of -2.8 {+-} 12% using CS-MPR and a minimally positive bias of 0.6 {+-} 12% for MIP. In stratified analysis for lesion severity (mild, 0-40%; moderate, 41-70% or severe, >70%) the agreement between both CS-MPR and MIP was high when compared to QCA ({kappa} = 0.74 and 0.71, respectively). Conclusion: Multi-detector spiral CT permits accurate quantitative assessment of the degree of coronary stenosis in selected data sets of sufficient quality using both

  11. Features of electrocardiogram in patients with stenosis of the proximal right coronary artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koh, Moo Seong; Lee, Jae Hoon; Jeong, Jin Woo; Chung, Jun Young

    2017-03-01

    Prediction of lesions of the proximal right coronary artery (pRCA) through electrocardiogram (ECG) is very important because pRCA occlusion has many complications and a high mortality rate, which has frequently been related with right ventricular infarction. The purpose of this study was to devise a screening tool that takes into account multiple leads from a 12-lead ECG to predict the pRCA lesion. A hundred and fifty-eight patients who were diagnosed as acute coronary syndrome and had a pure lesion of RCA or left circumf lex artery (LCX) by ECGs and angiographic findings were enrolled retrospectively. Forty-eight patients with a pure pRCA occlusion were compared to a control group of 110 patients who were diagnosed as having either a pure mid to distal RCA lesion (57 patients) or a pure LCX lesion (53 patients). ECGs of patients in the pRCA group showed more prominent ST depression in lead I ( p = 0.001) and ST elevation in V1 ( p = 0.002) than in the control group. The combination of ST depression (≤ 0 mm) in I and ST elevation (> 0.5 mm) in V1 was the best diagnostic tool (area under the curve, 0.84). ST changes in leads V1 and I allow more accurate prediction of pRCA occlusion than other criteria, such as the difference between ST elevation of leads II and III or vector direction and amplitude. These variables could help to screen for right ventricular infarction before performing reverse ECG and predicting prognosis.

  12. Spontaneous Rupture of a Giant Hepatic Hemangioma ? Sequential Management with Transcatheter Arterial Embolization and Resection

    OpenAIRE

    Jain Vaibhav; Ramachandran Vijay; Garg Rachana; Pal Sujoy; Gamanagatti Shivanand; Srivastava Deep

    2010-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of liver and is often asymptomatic. Spontaneous rupture is rare but has a catastrophic outcome if not promptly managed. Emergent hepatic resection has been the treatment of choice but has high operative mortality. Preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) can significantly improve outcome in such patients. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of giant hepatic hemangioma that presented with abdominal pain and shock due to hemoperitoneu...

  13. Carotid artery surgery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carotid endarterectomy; CAS surgery; Carotid artery stenosis - surgery; Endarterectomy - carotid artery ... results of stenting versus endarterectomy for carotid-artery stenosis. N Engl J Med . 2016;374(11):1021- ...

  14. Safety and effectiveness of emergency carotid artery stenting for a high-grade carotid stenosis with intraluminal thrombus under proximal flow control in hyperacute and acute stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwata, Tomonori; Mori, Takahisa; Tajiri, Hiroyuki; Miyazaki, Yuichi; Nakazaki, Masahito

    2013-01-01

    A study was undertaken to investigate the feasibility, safety and effectiveness of emergency carotid artery stenting (eCAS) for a high-grade carotid stenosis with intraluminal thrombus (ILT) with or without proximal flow control (PFC). Patients with acute ischemic stroke included in the analysis were those who were admitted between 2001 and 2010 with serious neurological symptoms, without a large high-intensity area of diffusion-weighted images and who underwent eCAS for a high-grade carotid stenosis with ILT. Patients underwent eCAS without PFC until 2004 (group C) and under PFC after 2004 (group P). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score on admission, just before CAS and 7 days after CAS as well as the 3-month modified Rankin Scale were investigated. Fifty-six patients underwent eCAS, eight of whom had a high-grade stenosis with ILT. Four of the eight patients were in group C and four were in group P. Probable distal embolism associated with eCAS occurred in two cases in group C and in none in group P. In groups C and P the median 7-day NIHSS scores were 15 and 5, respectively (padmission and just before CAS. In stroke patients with a high-grade carotid stenosis with ILT, eCAS under PFC is safer and more effective in achieving a favorable clinical outcome than eCAS without PFC.

  15. Diffusion- and perfusion-weighted MRI: influence of severe carotid artery stenosis on the DWI/PWI mismatch in acute stroke.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann-Haefelin, T; Wittsack, H J; Fink, G R; Wenserski, F; Li, T Q; Seitz, R J; Siebler, M; Mödder, U; Freund, H J

    2000-06-01

    Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) have been used increasingly in recent years to evaluate acute stroke in the emergency setting. In the present study, we compared DWI and PWI findings in acute stroke patients with and without severe extracranial internal carotid artery (ICA) disease. Twenty-seven patients with nonlacunar ischemic stroke were selected for this analysis. DWI, PWI, and conventional MRI were performed in all patients within 24 hours of symptom onset and after 1 week. To exclude patients with partial or complete reperfusion, we included only patients with a PWI deficit larger than the DWI lesion. Severe ICA disease (>70% stenosis) was present unilaterally in 9 and bilaterally in 2 patients. Acute DWI lesion volume, the size of the acute PWI/DWI mismatch, and final infarct size (on T2-weighted images) were determined. The PWI/DWI mismatch was significantly larger in patients with severe ICA disease than in patients without extracranial carotid stenosis, both when time-to-peak and mean transit time maps (PPWI/DWI mismatch, and final infarct size was smaller in the stenosis group (PPWI deficit. In most acute stroke patients with severe ICA stenosis, a considerably smaller fraction of the total PWI/DWI mismatch is at risk than in patients without carotid disease.

  16. Use of a Stent Graft for Bleeding Hepatic Artery Pseudoaneurysm Following Pancreaticoduodenectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leoncio L. Kaw, Jr

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Although uncommon, bleeding following pancreaticoduodenectomy is associated with high mortality. Management generally includes surgical reexploration or, alternatively, transarterial embolization. We report the case of a 62-year-old man who presented with massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding 3 weeks after pancreaticoduodenectomy. Selective coeliac angiography revealed a large pseudoaneurysm involving the proper hepatic artery. This was treated successfully with a stent graft. There was no recurrence of bleeding at the 6-month follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first report of stent graft repair of bleeding hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following pancreaticoduodenectomy.

  17. Excessive Hepatic Arterial-portal Venous Shunting May Predict Failure of Microparticle Localization in Hepatocellular Carcinomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Andrew Eik Hock; Kao, Yung Hsiang; Xie, Wanying

    2013-01-01

    Locoregional treatment of hepatocellular carcinomas using yttrium-90 (Y-90) microspheres is an emerging modality, and involves the administration of such radioactive particles directly into the hepatic arterial vasculature. We present the case of a 58-year-old gentleman undergoing evaluation for Y-90 microsphere therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma, in which our findings suggest that significant hepatic arterial portal venous shunting detected during the angiogram maybe a predictor of poor localization of microspheres in the turmor, and that centers that utilize body surface area (BSA) approaches for dosimetry should take note of such findings.

  18. Myocardial Mass Contributes to the Discrepancy Between Anatomic Stenosis Severity Assessed by Intravascular Ultrasound and Fractional Flow Reserve in Intermediate Lesions of the Coronary Artery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoon, Myeong-Ho; Tahk, Seung-Jea; Lim, Hong-Seok; Yang, Hyoung-Mo; Seo, Kyoung-Woo; Choi, Byoung-Joo; Choi, So-Yeon; Hwang, Gyo-Seung; Park, Jin-Sun; Shin, Joon-Han

    2017-06-01

    The present study investigated the major contributors to the discrepancy between the minimal lumen area (MLA) and fractional flow reserve (FFR). There was considerable discrepancy between MLA or diameter stenosis (DS) and FFR. We enrolled 744 patients with intermediate stenoses of the left anterior descending artery (LAD). Summed epicardial coronary artery length distal to the target stenosis was obtained from each longest view of the vessels on the coronary angiograms. Mismatching was defined as a lesion with FFR of >0.80 and MLA smaller than the best cut-off value (BCV) for predicting FFR of ≤0.80. Reverse mismatching was defined as a lesion with FFR of ≤0.80 and MLA larger than the BCV. Summed epicardial coronary artery length was longer at the lesions of proximal LAD than that of middle LAD (380 mm ± 82 mm vs. 341 mm ± 80 mm, P MLA, DS, plaque burden at distal reference, lesion length and summed epicardial coronary artery length. Proximal LAD lesion was an independent predictor of reverse mismatching (hazard ratio 3.162, 1.858-5.382, P MLA. Myocardial mass subtended by a lesion should be considered when determining the revascularization therapy by intravascular ultrasound parameters. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. [Association of myocardial bridge of the left anterior descending coronary artery with coronary atherosclerotic stenosis in the segment proximal to the site of bridge].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, Shu-ping; Li, Chun-ping; Song, Xiang; Gan, Lu; Wu, Fang; Chen, Min; Xiao, Hua-feng; Yang, Li

    2014-04-01

    To investigate whether myocardial bridging (MB) is independently associated with coronary atherosclerosis proximal to MB in the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) identified by computed tomographic coronary angiography (CCTA). From March 2011 to December 2012, patients (n=9 862) with suspected coronary disease underwent CCTA using dual-source CT scanner. The baseline clinical characteristics (age, gender, smoking history, presence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, family history of heart attack, and body mass index) and the results of CCTA were reviewed. Two radiologists evaluated the coronary artery for MB and coronary atherosclerosis stenosis (CAS) in LAD and made a diagnosis by consensus. Significant independent risk factors for CAS were investigated by multivariate logistic regression analysis. A total of 3 182 (32.3%) cases of MB and 3 359 cases of CAS of LAD were identified. No patient with CAS in the tunneled segment was found. The mean length of bridges and the mean thickness of the overlying myocardium was (17.3±5.2) mm and (1.2±0.9) mm, respectively. There were 1658 MB cases in 3 359 cases of LAD stenosis and 1 524 MB cases in 6 503 cases of no LAD stenosis (χ(2)=681.12, Pheart attack, smoking, hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, and resting heart rate (OR=2.86, 95% CI=2.60-3.16, P < 0.001). MB in the LAD is independently associated with CAS in the proximal segment to MB.

  20. [Analysis of clinical prognosis and the correlation between bile duct injury after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and the level of hepatic arterial embolization in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, H Y; Yu, X P; Feng, R; Hu, H J; Xiao, W W

    2017-05-23

    Objective: To evaluate the correlation between bile duct injury after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization and the level of hepatic arterial embolization, and to analyze the clinical prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Methods: From January18, 2012 to December18, 2014, 21 patients underwent TACE for HCC were retrospectively reviewed, including patients' clinical and pathological data. The clinical outcome and relevant factors for bile duct injury were analyzed. Results: A total of 21 patients were identified with bile duct injury at our single institution. All patients received 48 TACE treatments, including proper hepatic artery (14), left hepatic artery (3), the right hepatic artery (10), left and right hepatic artery (9) and tumor artery branches (12). Thirty-five bile duct injury occurred in 21 patients: 7 cases was close to the tumor, 2 distant to the tumor, 7 at right liver, 2 left liver, 11 both lobes of liver and 6 hepatic hilar. After medical conservative treatment and biliary tract inside and outside drainage, liver function of 10 cases were improved. In four patients with hepatic bile duct stricture and biloma, the effect of drainage was not obvious, which subsequently caused biliary complications such as infection, gallbladder and common bile duct stones. Three patients with liver cirrhosis at decompensation stage developed complications, and one of them died of hepatic encephalopathy. Four patients experienced tumor recurrence during the follow-up period. Conclusions: The location of bile duct injury after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization is quite consistent with the level of hepatic arterial embolization. There may be some blood vessels mainly involved in blood supply of biliary duct. Complete embolism of these vessels may lead to bile duct injuries. Biliary drainage is ineffective in patients with hilar bile duct stricture, and can lead to complications of biliary tract later on.

  1. [The surgical treatment of an aneurysm of the celiac trunk and hepatic artery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Camarero, S J; Menéndez, A I; Rodero, J I; Alvarez, J L; Cermeño, B; Viana, M M

    1993-01-01

    We report a case of splenic aneurysms with double location, at the celiac trunks and at the common hepatic artery, in the same patient that was treated by a surgical procedure. We also review literature about the hepatic aneurysms at the celiac trunks, with special attention on the aspects of etiology, natural evolutions and different surgical procedures available. It is remarkable on this kind of pathology that special attention should be paid in order to avoid the simple ligature-exclusion of the aneurysm, it involves realizing an endoaneurysmorrhaphy followed by an aorto-hepatic by-pass.

  2. Parental consanguinity and family history of coronary artery disease strongly predict early stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Youhanna, Sonia; Platt, Daniel E; Rebeiz, Abdallah; Lauridsen, Michael; Deeb, Mary E; Nasrallah, Antoine; Alam, Samir; Puzantian, Houry; Kabbani, Samer; Ghoul, Melanie; Zreik, Tony G; el Bayeh, Hamid; Abchee, Antoine; Zalloua, Pierre

    2010-10-01

    Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a multifactorial disease with acquired and inherited components. We investigated the roles of family history and consanguinity on CAD risk and age at diagnosis in 4284 patients. The compounded impact of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, and BMI, which are known CAD risk factors, on CAD risk and age at diagnosis was also explored. CAD was determined by cardiac catheterization. Logistic regression and stratification were performed to determine the impact of family history and consanguinity on risk and onset of CAD, controlling for diabetes, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, smoking, and BMI. Family history of CAD and gender significantly increased the risk for young age at diagnosis of CAD (pConsanguinity did not promote risk of CAD (p=0.38), but did affect age of disease diagnosis (pconsanguinity were considered as unique risk factors for CAD, compared to 62.8 years for the no-risk-factor patient category (pconsanguinity in the presence of family history lowers the age of disease diagnosis significantly for CAD, emphasizing the role of strong genetic and cultural CAD modifiers. These findings highlight the increased role of genetic determinants of CAD in some population subgroups, and suggest that populations and family structure influence genetic heterogeneity between patients with CAD. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Effect of renal artery revascularization upon cardiac structure and function in atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis: cardiac magnetic resonance sub-study of the ASTRAL trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, James; Green, Darren; Chrysochou, Tina; Hegarty, Janet; Handley, Kelly; Ives, Natalie; Wheatley, Keith; Houston, Graeme; Wright, Julian; Neyses, Ludwig; Chalmers, Nicholas; Mark, Patrick; Patel, Rajan; Moss, Jon; Roditi, Giles; Eadington, David; Lukaschuk, Elena; Cleland, John; Kalra, Philip A

    2017-06-01

    Cardiac abnormalities are frequent in patients with atherosclerotic renovascular disease (ARVD). The Angioplasty and Stenting for Renal Artery Lesions (ASTRAL) trial studied the effect of percutaneous renal revascularization combined with medical therapy compared with medical therapy alone in 806 patients with ARVD. This was a pre-specified sub-study of ASTRAL (clinical trials registration, current controlled trials number: ISRCTN59586944), designed to consider the effect of percutaneous renal artery angioplasty and stenting on change in cardiac structure and function, measured using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging. Fifty-one patients were recruited from six selected ASTRAL centres. Forty-four completed the study (medical therapy n = 21; revascularization n = 23). Full analysis of CMR was possible in 40 patients (18 medical therapy and 22 revascularization). CMR measurements of left and right ventricular end systolic (LV and RVESV) and diastolic volume (LV and RVEDV), ejection fraction (LVEF) and mass (LVM) were made shortly after recruitment and before revascularization in the interventional group, and again after 12 months. Reporting was performed by CMR analysts blinded to randomization arm. Groups were well matched for mean age (70 versus 72 years), blood pressure (148/71 versus 143/74 mmHg), degree of renal artery stenosis (75 versus 75%) and comorbid conditions. In both randomized groups, improvements in cardiac structural parameters were seen at 12 months, but there were no significant differences between treatment groups. Median left ventricular changes between baseline and 12 months (medical versus revascularization) were LVEDV -1.9 versus -5.8 mL, P = 0.4; LVESV -2.1 versus 0.3 mL, P = 0.7; LVM -5.4 versus -6.3 g, P = 0.8; and LVEF -1.5 versus -0.8%, P = 0.7. Multivariate regression also found that randomized treatment assignment was not associated with degree of change in any of the CMR measurements. In this sub-study of the ASTRAL trial, renal

  4. Meatal stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urethral meatal stenosis ... Meatal stenosis can affect both males and females. It is more common in males. In males, it is often ... in the urethra may also lead to meatal stenosis. In females, this condition is present at birth ( ...

  5. Use of the recipient celiac trunk for hepatic artery reconstruction in orthotopic liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Hinnawi, A; Nishida, S; Levi, D; Selvaggi, G; Tekin, A; Fan, J; Ernesto, P; Kyota, F; Tzakis, A G

    2013-06-01

    Arterial complications contribute to significant morbidity and mortality after liver transplantation (OLT). If hepatic artery inflow to the graft is inadequate, alternative approaches can be considered, such as supraceliac or infrarenal aortic conduits and splenic artery as an arterial inflow. Between January 2005 and January 2012, we performed 928 OLTs. We used the recipient celiac trunk for arterial inflow in 9 patients (1%). evaluated retrospectively, We the indications, results, and outcome of this technique. Doppler ultrasound of the liver was used to evaluate arterial flow. Eight cases are first transplant and 1 case is a second transplant. Five cases are pediatric recipients and four cases are adult recipients. Male to female ratio is 3/6. Average follow-up is 23 months. No complications were encountered as a result of sacrificing the branches of the celiac axis. The conclusion is that the celiac trunk provides an adequate arterial inflow in OLT when the recipient's hepatic artery is not suitable to use. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  6. Renal embolic protection devices improve blood flow after stenting for atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul, Timir K; Lee, John H; White, Christopher J

    2012-11-15

    We sought to measure angiographic renal frame counts (RFC), as a quantitative angiographic assessment of renal blood flow, to evaluate microvascular compromise due to atheroembolism associated with RAS. Atheroembolism associated with renal artery stenting (RAS) has been implicated as a cause for worsening renal function following successful intervention. Use of a distal embolic protection device (EPD) during RAS has been shown to be safe with debris capture in a high percentage of cases. However, objective benefit for renal function with EPD has been difficult to demonstrate. A control group of 30 consecutive patients (33 kidneys) who underwent RAS without EPD were compared with 33 consecutive patients (33 kidneys) who underwent RAS with EPD using RFC measurement. The prestent and poststent mean RFC for the control group was 30.4 ± 12.1 vs. 23.7 ± 9.9 (P = 0.002) and for the EPD group it was 42.6 ± 12.6 vs. 28.3 ± 9.2 (P EPD group had a greater improvement in renal blood flow, manifested by a greater reduction of the RFC (Δ RFC) 14.2 ± 15.2 vs. 6.7 ± 11.7 (P = 0.03) compared with the control group. The use of an EPD was associated with a much larger improvement in renal blood flow (lower RFC) following RAS. This suggests that EPD's may be effective in preventing renal atheroembolic injury and that a controlled trial measuring the impact of EPD's on renal blood flow following RAS should be performed. Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  7. The finding of an undiagnosed long segment tracheal stenosis in a cyanotic child undergoing an arterial switch operation and VSD closure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barker, Ian Richard; McLaren, Clare; Stockton, Emma

    2015-12-23

    This report details the case of a 2-month-old baby boy with known cyanotic congenital heart disease (double outlet right ventricle with subpulmonary ventricular septal defect, VSD) in whom tracheal stenosis was undetected, being found later on failed intubation while undergoing anaesthesia for an arterial switch operation and VSD closure. As a result, the cardiac surgery was postponed. Such an association between congenital heart disease and tracheal stenosis has been reported but remains exceptionally rare. The baby subsequently underwent a slide tracheoplasty the next day and had major cardiac surgery a few days later. He was discharged approximately 3 weeks later after spending 8 days on the cardiac intensive care unit. 2015 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

  8. Accessory right hepatic artery originating from the superior ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Materials and Method: The abdomens of 8 adult male black African cadavers were dissected according to the description and guidance by Romanes (1996). The superior mesenteric arteries, liver (especially the visceral surfaces), gall bladders, cystic ducts, portal veins and gastroduodenal arteries were exposed. Results: ...

  9. Impact of aberrant left hepatic artery ligation on the outcome of liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montalti, Roberto; Benedetti Cacciaguerra, Andrea; Nicolini, Daniele; Alì Ahmed, Emad; Coletta, Martina; De Pietri, Lesley; Risaliti, Andrea; Troisi, Roberto Ivan; Mocchegiani, Federico; Vivarelli, Marco

    2017-12-06

    The preservation of a graft's aberrant left hepatic artery (LHA) during liver transplantation (LT) ensures optimal vascularization of the left liver but can also be considered a risk factor for hepatic artery thrombosis. In contrast, ligation of an aberrant LHA may lead to hepatic ischaemia with the potential risk of graft dysfunction and biliary complications. The aim of this study was to prospectively analyse the impact on the surgical strategy for LT of 5 tests performed to establish whether an aberrant LHA was an accessory or a replaced artery, thus leading to the design of a decisional algorithm. From 8/2005 to 12/2016, 395 whole LTs were performed in 376 patients. Five parameters were evaluated to determine whether an aberrant LHA was an accessory or a replaced artery. Based on our decision algorithm, an aberrant LHA was ligated during surgery when assessed as accessory and preserved when assessed as replaced. A total of 138 anatomical variants of hepatic arterial vascularization occurred in 120/395 (30.4%) grafts. Overall, the incidence of an aberrant LHA was 63/395 (15.9%). The LHA was ligated in 33 patients (52.4%) and preserved in 30 patients (47.6%). After a mean follow-up period of 46.2±35.9 months, the incidence of hepatic artery thrombosis, primary non-function, early allograft dysfunction, biliary stricture or leaks and overall survival was similar in the two groups. Once shown to be an accessory, an LHA can be safely ligated without clinical consequences on the outcome of LT. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. © 2017 by the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

  10. Prediction of early hepatic artery thrombosis by intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound in pediatric segmental liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Li H; Fang, Hua; Li, Feng H; Li, Ping; Zhu, Cai X; Zhu, Jian J; Zhang, Shi J

    2012-01-01

    Early hepatic artery thrombosis (eHAT) after transplantation is associated with a high incidence of graft failure and mortality in pediatric segmental liver transplantation (LT). The evaluation of intraoperative color Doppler ultrasound (CD-US) parameters and their sensitivity and specificity for the prediction of eHAT were important. Pediatric segmental LTs were performed in 49 consecutive patients from October 2006 to December 2010 in our hospital. A total of seven patients (14.3%) experienced eHAT (within one month) after LT. The intraoperative hepatic artery (HA) diameter (p = 0.026), hepatic arterial peak systolic velocity (HAPSV) (p = 0.006), and hepatic artery resistance index (HARI) (p = 0.000) had significant difference between eHAT group and non-eHAT group. Taking a HA diameter <2 mm, a HAPSV of <40 cm/s and a HARI of <0.6 as threshold to predict eHAT, the sensitivity and specificity were 85.7%, 85.7%, 85.7%, and 61.9%, 76.2%, 88.1%, respectively. A HARI of <0.6 was shown to be the most sensitive and specific single parameter for predicting eHAT. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons A/S.

  11. Successful Control of Liver Metastases From Pancreatic Solid-Pseudopapillary Neoplasm (SPN) Using Hepatic Arterial Embolization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Violari, Elena G., E-mail: eviolari@live.com; Brody, Lynn A.; Covey, Anne M.; Erinjeri, Joseph P.; Getrajdman, George I.; Sofocleous, Constantinos T. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology Service (United States); Reidy, Diane L. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Medicine, Gastrointestinal Oncology Service (United States); Jarnagin, William R. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Surgery, Hepatopancreatobiliary Service (United States); Brown, Karen T. [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, Department of Radiology, Interventional Radiology Service (United States)

    2015-04-15

    No systemic agents that are known to be effective for the treatment of solid-pseudopapillary neoplasm (SPN) are available. We report the prolonged and sustained control of metastatic pancreatic SPN to the liver using hepatic arterial embolization (HAE), where a total of 13 HAE sessions were performed over a 6-year period.

  12. [Hepatic intra-arterial infusion of BAK immune cells to treat metastatic liver cancer].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebina, Takusaburo

    2011-11-01

    Based on the "living with cancer" concept while maintaining a favorable QOL and avoiding side effects and drug resistance, we have developed a new immune cell treatment called BAK (BRM activated killer) therapy, primarily using CD56+ cells for a case of advanced progressive solid cancer. In the present case, we administered BAK cells by hepatic intra-arterial infusion to a patient who happened to be a surgeon and wished to undergo this therapy. The patient was a 52-year- old male surgeon who underwent surgery for rectal cancer in April 2007. Heavy particle radiotherapy was administered when liver metastases were identified in July 2008. Starting in December 2008, 10 billion BAK cells were administered each month by hepatic intra-arterial infusion via a catheter on a total of six different occasions. The 10 billion autologous lymphocytes were suspended in 200 mL of Ringer's solution and returned to the patient by hepatic intra-arterial infusion over a period of one hour. Interactions between the activated lymphocytes and liver cancer cells increased levels of serum α1AG, an inflammation marker, but these levels normalized following the sixth and final administration. Conventional drip-infusion BAK therapy was administered thereafter. Diagnostic imaging, including PET-CT and PET, confirmed a complete disappearance of liver metastases. This case suggests the effectiveness of hepatic intra-arterial infusion BAK cell therapy in treating liver cancer.

  13. [Ischemic hepatitis in an 81 year old patient with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labeaga, R; Muniesa, M; Urbiola, E; Jiménez Bermejo, F; Urdánoz, C

    2005-01-01

    The congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries is a rare form of congenital heart disease, with survival beyond the 6th decade of life being rare. Even more unusual is its presentation alone, without any other form of congenital heart disease. Ischemic hepatitis is a rare entity characterized by an elevation of transaminasas and a centrilobular necrosis due to a reduction in hepatic blood flow, generally of reversible evolution. The authors present a case of ischemic hepatitis in an 81-year-old patient with congenitally corrected transposition of the great arteries. The fatal evolution of the episode and the longevity of the patient are both notable. We comment on the clinical and diagnostic aspects of both entities.

  14. Evaluation of Contrast MR Angiography in the Study of Internal Carotid Artery Stenosis. Systematic Review of the Literature; Evaluacion de la estenosis de la arteria carotida interna por angiografia REM con contraste: revision sistematica de la bibliografia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez Perez, P.; Martinez Cantarero, J. [Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre. Madrid (Spain); Ruiz Diaz, M.; Blazquez Morera, J. A. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain); Llano Senaris, J. E. de [Fundacion Gaspar Casal. Madrid (Spain)

    2004-07-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic benefit of using contrast MR Angiography (MRA) in the study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis as opposed to intraarterial digital subtraction arteriography (LADSA). A search for relevant articles from 1990 to 2000 using MDLINE and EMBASE databases. Initial selection criteria: 1. articles which compare MRA and IADSA in the study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis; and 2, sample size of 10 or more subjects. Studies employing contrast MRA were subsequently selected. Contrast MRA diagnostic results were studied, as were those of non-contrast MRA (TOF) if included. Roc curves and 95% confidence intervals were calculated. In the studies, 324 patients and 648 extracranial internal carotid arteries were evaluated (12 articles). The diagnostic results in carotid artery stenosis discrimination using contrast MRA as opposed to IADSA were sensitivity and specificity=97.28% and 96.08%. With regard to contrast MRA vs. non-contrast MRA (TOF), significant differences favoring contrast MRA in both sensitivity and specificity were observed. (p=0.08 and p<0.001, respectively). MRA techniques demonstrate very high diagnostic capabilities in the detection of carotid stenosis, with contrast MRA being more effective than non-contrast. MRA. In spite of not being superior to IADSA, given the morbimortality risk which the latter is associated (0.7-1.2%). many authors defend contrast MRA (in association with Doppler echography) having become the method of choice for presurgical study of extracranial internal carotid artery stenosis. (Author) 53 refs.

  15. [Analysis of the prevalence and risk factors of preoperative angiography confirmed coronary artery stenosis in patients with degenerative valvular heart disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Z J; Pan, J; Zhou, Q; Wang, D J

    2017-10-24

    Objective: To estimate the prevalence and the risk factors of preoperative coronary angiography (CAG) confirmed coronary stenosis in patients with degenerative valvular heart disease. Methods: A total of 491 patients who underwent screening CAG before valvular surgery due to degenerative valvular heart disease were enrolled from January 2011 to September 2014 in our hospital, and clinical data were analyzed. According to CAG results, patients were divided into positive CAG result (PCAG) group or negative CAG (NCAG) group. Positive CAG result was defined as stenosis ≥50% of the diameter of the left main coronary artery or stenosis ≥70% of the diameter of left anterior descending, left circumflex artery, and right coronary artery.Risk factors of positive CAG result were analyzed by multivariable logistic regression analysis, and Bootstrap method was used to verify the results. Results: There were 47(9.57%)degenerative valvular heart disease patients with PCAG. Patients were older ((68.0±7.6)years vs.(62.6±7.1)years, P disease patients. Bootstrap method revealed satisfactory repeatability of multivariable logistic regression analysis results (age: OR =1.118, 95% CI 1.068-1.178, P =0.001; typical angina: OR =8.970, 95% CI 2.338-35.891, P =0.001; serum concentration of apolipoprotein B: OR =20.311, 95% CI 4.639-91.977, P =0.001). Conclusions: A low prevalence of PCAG before valvular surgery is observed in degenerative valvular heart disease patients in this patient cohort. Age, typical angina, and serum concentration of apolipoprotein B are independent risk factors of PCAG in this patient cohort.

  16. Early Endarterectomy Carries a Lower Procedural Risk Than Early Stenting in Patients With Symptomatic Stenosis of the Internal Carotid Artery: Results From 4 Randomized Controlled Trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rantner, Barbara; Kollerits, Barbara; Roubin, Gary S; Ringleb, Peter A; Jansen, Olaf; Howard, George; Hendrikse, Jeroen; Halliday, Alison; Gregson, John; Eckstein, Hans-Henning; Calvet, David; Bulbulia, Richard; Bonati, Leo H; Becquemin, Jean-Pierre; Algra, Ale; Brown, Martin M; Mas, Jean-Louis; Brott, Thomas G; Fraedrich, Gustav

    2017-06-01

    Patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for symptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery benefit from early intervention. Heterogeneous data are available on the influence of timing of carotid artery stenting (CAS) on procedural risk. We investigated the association between timing of treatment (0-7 days and >7 days after the qualifying neurological event) and the 30-day risk of stroke or death after CAS or CEA in a pooled analysis of individual patient data from 4 randomized trials by the Carotid Stenosis Trialists' Collaboration. Analyses were done per protocol. To obtain combined estimates, logistic mixed models were applied. Among a total of 4138 patients, a minority received their allocated treatment within 7 days after symptom onset (14% CAS versus 11% CEA). Among patients treated within 1 week of symptoms, those treated by CAS had a higher risk of stroke or death compared with those treated with CEA: 8.3% versus 1.3%, risk ratio, 6.7; 95% confidence interval, 2.1 to 21.9 (adjusted for age at treatment, sex, and type of qualifying event). For interventions after 1 week, CAS was also more hazardous than CEA: 7.1% versus 3.6%, adjusted risk ratio, 2.0; 95% confidence interval, 1.5 to 2.7 (P value for interaction with time interval 0.06). In randomized trials comparing stenting with CEA for symptomatic carotid artery stenosis, CAS was associated with a substantially higher periprocedural risk during the first 7 days after the onset of symptoms. Early surgery is safer than stenting for preventing future stroke. URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00190398; URL: http://www.controlled-trials.com. Unique identifier: ISRCTN57874028; Unique identifier: ISRCTN25337470; URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00004732. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  17. Adjuvant Hepatic Arterial Infusion Chemotherapy After Resection for Pancreatic Cancer Using Coaxial Catheter-Port System Compared with Conventional System

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hashimoto, Aya; Tanaka, Toshihiro, E-mail: toshihir@bf6.so-net.ne.jp [Nara Medical University, Department of Radiology (Japan); Sho, Masayuki [Nara Medical University, Department of Surgery (Japan); Nishiofuku, Hideyuki; Masada, Tetsuya; Sato, Takeshi; Marugami, Nagaaki [Nara Medical University, Department of Radiology (Japan); Anai, Hiroshi [Nara City Hospital, Department of Radiology (Japan); Sakaguchi, Hiroshi [Nara Prefectural Western Medical Center, Department of Radiology (Japan); Kanno, Masatoshi [Nara Medical University, Oncology Center (Japan); Tamamoto, Tetsuro; Hasegawa, Masatoshi [Nara Medical University, Department of Radiation Oncology (Japan); Nakajima, Yoshiyuki [Nara Medical University, Department of Surgery (Japan); Kichikawa, Kimihiko [Nara Medical University, Department of Radiology (Japan)

    2016-06-15

    PurposePrevious reports have shown the effectiveness of adjuvant hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) in pancreatic cancer. However, percutaneous catheter placement is technically difficult after pancreatic surgery. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and outcome of HAIC using a coaxial technique compared with conventional technique for postoperative pancreatic cancer.Materials and Methods93 consecutive patients who received percutaneous catheter-port system placement after pancreatectomy were enrolled. In 58 patients from March 2006 to August 2010 (Group A), a conventional technique with a 5-Fr indwelling catheter was used and in 35 patients from September 2010 to September 2012 (Group B), a coaxial technique with a 2.7-Fr coaxial catheter was used.ResultsThe overall technical success rates were 97.1 % in Group B and 86.2 % in Group A. In cases with arterial tortuousness and stenosis, the success rate was significantly higher in Group B (91.7 vs. 53.8 %; P = 0.046). Fluoroscopic and total procedure times were significantly shorter in Group B: 14.7 versus 26.7 min (P = 0.001) and 64.8 versus 80.7 min (P = 0.0051), respectively. No differences were seen in the complication rate. The 1 year liver metastasis rates were 9.9 % using the conventional system and 9.1 % using the coaxial system (P = 0.678). The overall median survival time was 44 months. There was no difference in the survival period between two systems (P = 0.312).ConclusionsThe coaxial technique is useful for catheter placement after pancreatectomy, achieving a high success rate and reducing fluoroscopic and procedure times, while maintaining the safety and efficacy for adjuvant HAIC in pancreatic cancer.

  18. ANATOMIC VARIATIONS OF HEPATIC ARTERY: A STUDY IN 479 LIVER TRANSPLANTATIONS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca-Neto, Olival Cirilo Lucena da; Lima, Heloise Caroline de Souza; Rabelo, Priscylla; Melo, Paulo Sérgio Vieira de; Amorim, Américo Gusmão; Lacerda, Cláudio Moura

    2017-01-01

    The incidence of anatomic variations of hepatic artery ranges from 20-50% in different series. Variations are especially important in the context of liver orthotopic transplantation, since, besides being an ideal opportunity for surgical anatomical study, their precise identification is crucial to the success of the procedure. To identify the anatomical variations in the hepatic arterial system in hepatic transplantation. 479 medical records of transplanted adult patients in the 13-year period were retrospectively analyzed, and collected data on hepatic arterial anatomy of the deceased donor. It was identified normal hepatic arterial anatomy in 416 donors (86.84%). The other 63 patients (13.15%) showed some variation. According to the Michels classification, the most frequently observed abnormalities were: right hepatic artery branch of superior mesenteric artery (Type III, n=27, 5.63%); left hepatic artery branch of the left gastric artery (Type II, n=13, 2.71%); right hepatic artery arising from the superior mesenteric artery associated with the left hepatic artery arising from the left gastric artery (Type IV, n=4, 0.83%). Similarly, in relation to Hiatt classification, the most prevalent changes were: right hepatic accessory artery or substitute of the superior mesenteric artery (Type III, n=28, 6.05%)), followed by liver ancillary left artery or replacement of gastric artery left (Type II, n=16, 3.34. Fourteen donors (2.92%) showed no anatomical abnormalities defined in classifications, the highest frequency being hepatomesenteric trunk identified in five (01.04%). Detailed knowledge of the variations of hepatic arterial anatomy is of utmost importance to surgeons who perform approaches in this area, particularly in liver transplantation, since their identification and proper management are critical to the success of the procedure. A incidência das variações anatômicas da artéria hepática varia de 20-50% em diferentes casuísticas. Elas s

  19. Hepatic Arterial Configuration in Relation to the Segmental Anatomy of the Liver; Observations on MDCT and DSA Relevant to Radioembolization Treatment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hoven, Andor F. van den, E-mail: a.f.vandenhoven@umcutrecht.nl; Leeuwen, Maarten S. van, E-mail: m.s.vanleeuwen@umcutrecht.nl; Lam, Marnix G. E. H., E-mail: m.lam@umcutrecht.nl; Bosch, Maurice A. A. J. van den, E-mail: mbosch@umcutrecht.nl [University Medical Center Utrecht, Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (Netherlands)

    2015-02-15

    PurposeCurrent anatomical classifications do not include all variants relevant for radioembolization (RE). The purpose of this study was to assess the individual hepatic arterial configuration and segmental vascularization pattern and to develop an individualized RE treatment strategy based on an extended classification.MethodsThe hepatic vascular anatomy was assessed on MDCT and DSA in patients who received a workup for RE between February 2009 and November 2012. Reconstructed MDCT studies were assessed to determine the hepatic arterial configuration (origin of every hepatic arterial branch, branching pattern and anatomical course) and the hepatic segmental vascularization territory of all branches. Aberrant hepatic arteries were defined as hepatic arterial branches that did not originate from the celiac axis/CHA/PHA. Early branching patterns were defined as hepatic arterial branches originating from the celiac axis/CHA.ResultsThe hepatic arterial configuration and segmental vascularization pattern could be assessed in 110 of 133 patients. In 59 patients (54 %), no aberrant hepatic arteries or early branching was observed. Fourteen patients without aberrant hepatic arteries (13 %) had an early branching pattern. In the 37 patients (34 %) with aberrant hepatic arteries, five also had an early branching pattern. Sixteen different hepatic arterial segmental vascularization patterns were identified and described, differing by the presence of aberrant hepatic arteries, their respective vascular territory, and origin of the artery vascularizing segment four.ConclusionsThe hepatic arterial configuration and segmental vascularization pattern show marked individual variability beyond well-known classifications of anatomical variants. We developed an individualized RE treatment strategy based on an extended anatomical classification.

  20. Efficacy Assessment of Endovascular Stenting in Patients with Unilateral Middle Cerebral Artery Stenosis Using Statistical Probabilistic Anatomical Mapping Analysis of Basal/Acetazolamide Brain Perfusion SPECT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hae Won; Won, Kyoung Sook; Zeon, Seok Kil; Lee, Chang Young [Keimyung University, School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-08-15

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the hemodynamic changes after endovascular stenting in patients with unilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis using statistical probabilistic anatomical mapping (SPAM) analysis of basal/acetazolamide (ACZ) Tc-99m ECD brain perfusion SPECT. Eight patients (3 men and 5 women, 64.8{+-}10.5 years) who underwent endovascular stenting for unilateral MCA stenosis were enrolled. Basal/ACZ Tc-99m ECD brain perfusion SPECT studies were performed by one-day protocol before and after stenting. Using SPAM analysis, we compared basal cerebral perfusion (BCP) counts and cerebrovascular reserve (CVR) index of the MCA territory before stenting with those after stenting. After stenting, no patient had any complication nor additional stroke. In SPAM analysis, 7 out of the 8 patients had improved BCP counts of the MCA territory and 7 out of the 8 patients had improved CVR index of the MCA territory after stenting. Before stenting, the mean BCP counts and CVR index in the affected MCA territory were 47.1{+-}2.2 ml/min/100 g and -2.1{+-}2.9%, respectively. After stenting, the mean BCP counts and CVR index in the affected MCA territory were improved significantly (48.3{+-}2.9 ml/min/100 g, p=0.025 and 0.1{+-}1.3%, p=0.036). This study revealed that SPAM analysis of basal/ACZ brain perfusion SPECT would be helpful to evaluate hemodynamic efficacy of endovascular stenting in unilateral MCA stenosis.

  1. Perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in the assessment of haemodynamics following stent angioplasty in patients with symptomatic middle cerebral artery plaque stenosis at the M1 segment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ran, Yun-Cai; Zhu, Ming; Zhang, Yong; Li, Teng-Fei; Cheng, Jing-Liang

    2017-09-01

    The most effective strategy to assess changes in the brain haemodynamics of stent angioplasty in patients with symptomatic ischemia of the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery (MCA) remains unknown. The purpose of the present study was to use perfusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (PWI) to evaluate the effect of stent angioplasty in treating patients with symptomatic MCA plaque stenosis. Stent angioplasty was performed on 23 patients with reduplicative transient ischaemic attack who were refractory to medical therapy. All patients had MCA plaque stenosis at the M1 segment. Brain PWI was obtained from four major regions of interest (ROIs) at the frontal parietal, temporal, lateral ventricle and basal ganglia lobes prior to and following stent implantation. In addition, cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume, mean transit time (MTT) and time to peak (TTP) parameters derived from PWI were calculated. All patients underwent digital subtraction angiography following surgery to confirm the patency. Computed tomography angiography or PWI was performed 1 week and 3 months post-surgery. According to pre-operative PWI, there was significant hypoperfusion in the symptomatic frontal parietal, temporal, lateral ventricle and basal ganglia lobes. By contrast, the regional CBF and CBF increased in the ROIs of the affected cerebral hemisphere 3 months after stent implantation (PPWI enables an effective and objective assessment of haemodynamics prior to and following stent angioplasty in patients with plaque stenosis of MCA at the M1 segment.

  2. Text mining applied to electronic cardiovascular procedure reports to identify patients with trileaflet aortic stenosis and coronary artery disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Small, Aeron M; Kiss, Daniel H; Zlatsin, Yevgeny; Birtwell, David L; Williams, Heather; Guerraty, Marie A; Han, Yuchi; Anwaruddin, Saif; Holmes, John H; Chirinos, Julio A; Wilensky, Robert L; Giri, Jay; Rader, Daniel J

    2017-08-01

    Interrogation of the electronic health record (EHR) using billing codes as a surrogate for diagnoses of interest has been widely used for clinical research. However, the accuracy of this methodology is variable, as it reflects billing codes rather than severity of disease, and depends on the disease and the accuracy of the coding practitioner. Systematic application of text mining to the EHR has had variable success for the detection of cardiovascular phenotypes. We hypothesize that the application of text mining algorithms to cardiovascular procedure reports may be a superior method to identify patients with cardiovascular conditions of interest. We adapted the Oracle product Endeca, which utilizes text mining to identify terms of interest from a NoSQL-like database, for purposes of searching cardiovascular procedure reports and termed the tool "PennSeek". We imported 282,569 echocardiography reports representing 81,164 individuals and 27,205 cardiac catheterization reports representing 14,567 individuals from non-searchable databases into PennSeek. We then applied clinical criteria to these reports in PennSeek to identify patients with trileaflet aortic stenosis (TAS) and coronary artery disease (CAD). Accuracy of patient identification by text mining through PennSeek was compared with ICD-9 billing codes. Text mining identified 7115 patients with TAS and 9247 patients with CAD. ICD-9 codes identified 8272 patients with TAS and 6913 patients with CAD. 4346 patients with AS and 6024 patients with CAD were identified by both approaches. A randomly selected sample of 200-250 patients uniquely identified by text mining was compared with 200-250 patients uniquely identified by billing codes for both diseases. We demonstrate that text mining was superior, with a positive predictive value (PPV) of 0.95 compared to 0.53 by ICD-9 for TAS, and a PPV of 0.97 compared to 0.86 for CAD. These results highlight the superiority of text mining algorithms applied to electronic

  3. Anatomical variations of the celiac trunk and hepatic arterial system: an analysis using multidetector computed tomography angiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo Neto, Severino Aires; Franca, Henrique Almeida; Mello Junior, Carlos Fernando de; Silva Neto, Eulampio Jose; Negromonte, Gustavo Ramalho Pessoa; Duarte, Claudia Martina Araujo; Cavalcanti Neto, Bartolomeu Fragoso; Farias, Rebeca Danielly da Fonseca, E-mail: severinoaires@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil)

    2015-11-15

    Objective: To analyze the prevalence of anatomical variations of celiac arterial trunk (CAT) branches and hepatic arterial system (HAS), as well as the CAT diameter, length and distance to the superior mesenteric artery. Materials And Methods: Retrospective, cross-sectional and predominantly descriptive study based on the analysis of multidetector computed tomography images of 60 patients. Results: The celiac trunk anatomy was normal in 90% of cases. Hepatosplenic trunk was found in 8.3% of patients, and hepatogastric trunk in 1.7%. Variation of the HAS was observed in 21.7% of cases, including anomalous location of the right hepatic artery in 8.3% of cases, and of the left hepatic artery, in 5%. Also, cases of joint relocation of right and left hepatic arteries, and trifurcation of the proper hepatic artery were observed, respectively, in 3 (5%) and 2 (3.3%) patients. Mean length and caliber of the CAT were 2.3 cm and 0.8 cm, respectively. Mean distance between CAT and superior mesenteric artery was 1.2 cm (standard deviation = 4.08). A significant correlation was observed between CAT diameter and length, and CAT diameter and distance to superior mesenteric artery. Conclusion: The pattern of CAT variations and diameter corroborate the majority of the literature data. However, this does not happen in relation to the HAS. (author)

  4. Comparison of the diagnostic accuracy of FBP, ASiR, and MBIR reconstruction during CT angiography in the evaluation of a vessel phantom with calcified stenosis in a distal superficial femoral artery in a cadaver extremity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsukada, Jitsuro; Yamada, Minoru; Yamada, Yoshitake; Yamazaki, Shun; Imanishi, Nobuaki; Tamura, Kentaro; Hashimoto, Masahiro; Nakatsuka, Seishi; Jinzaki, Masahiro

    2016-07-01

    To investigate whether adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASiR) or model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) improves the diagnostic performance of computed tomography angiography (CTA) for small-vessel calcified lesions relative to filtered back projection (FBP) using cadaver extremities and a calcified stenosis phantom. A cadaver was used in accordance with our institutional regulations, and a calcified stenosis phantom simulating 4 grades of stenosis was prepared. The phantom was inserted within the distal superficial femoral artery of the cadaver leg. Ten CT images per reconstruction type and stenosis grade were acquired using a 64-slice multidetector-row CTA.As an objective measurement, the first and second derivatives of the CT value function profiles were calculated. As a subjective measurement, 2 blinded reviewers measured the stenosis ratio using a quantitative scale. The Wilcoxon rank-sum test was used to evaluate the data. Objective measurements of both 25% and 50% stenosis differed significantly (P ASiR and FBP.Reviewer 2's subjective measurements of 25% stenosis differed significantly (P ASiR (40.89 ± 3.14%), and the measurements of 50% stenosis differed significantly (P ASiR and FBP. MBIR improves the diagnostic performance of CTA for small-vessel calcified lesions relative to FBP.

  5. Haemodynamic changes in hepatocellular carcinoma and liver parenchyma under balloon occlusion of the hepatic artery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sugihara, Fumie; Murata, Satoru; Ueda, Tatsuo; Yasui, Daisuke; Yamaguchi, Hidenori; Miki, Izumi; Kumita, Shin-ichiro [Nippon Medical School, Department of Radiology, Center for Advanced Medical Technology, Tokyo (Japan); Kawamoto, Chiaki [Nippon Medical School, Department of Internal Medicine, Tokyo (Japan); Uchida, Eiji [Nippon Medical School, Department of Surgery, Tokyo (Japan)

    2017-06-15

    To investigate haemodynamic changes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and liver under hepatic artery occlusion. Thirty-eight HCC nodules in 25 patients were included. Computed tomography (CT) during hepatic arteriography (CTHA) with and without balloon occlusion of the hepatic artery was performed. CT attenuation and enhancement volume of HCC and liver with and without balloon occlusion were measured on CTHA. Influence of balloon position (segmental or subsegmental branch) was evaluated based on differences in HCC-to-liver attenuation ratio (H/L ratio) and enhancement volume of HCC and liver. In the segmental group (n = 20), H/L ratio and enhancement volume of HCC and liver were significantly lower with balloon occlusion than without balloon occlusion. However, in the subsegmental group (n = 18), H/L ratio was significantly higher and liver enhancement volume was significantly lower with balloon occlusion; HCC enhancement volume was similar with and without balloon occlusion. Rate of change in H/L ratio and enhancement volume of HCC and liver were lower in the segmental group than in the subsegmental group. There were significantly more perfusion defects in HCC in the segmental group. Hepatic artery occlusion causes haemodynamic changes in HCC and liver, especially with segmental occlusion. (orig.)

  6. Ascending Aorta to Hepatic and Mesenteric Artery Bypassing, in Patients with Chronic Mesenteric Ischemia and Extensive Aortic Disease-A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barr, James; Kokotsakis, John; Tsipas, Pantelis; Papapavlou, Prodromos; Velissarios, Konstantinos; Kratimenos, Theodoros; Athanasiou, Thanos

    2017-02-01

    Chronic mesenteric ischemia (CMI) is a rare disorder caused by severe stenosis of the mesenteric arterial supply that results in postprandial pain and weight loss. Treatment options are surgical or endovascular. Surgical bypass can be performed in an antegrade fashion from the supraceliac abdominal aorta (AA) or the distal descending thoracic aorta or in a retrograde fashion from the infrarenal aorta or the common iliac artery. However, in some patients with disease of the descending thoracic aorta or the AA, another site for the proximal anastomosis needs to be found. In this article, we report the case of a 69-year-old man with a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm and CMI in whom we performed bypass grafts to the hepatic and superior mesenteric arteries using the ascending aorta as the site for the proximal anastomoses via a median sternolaparotomy. In addition, we performed a literature review of all similar cases and provide an analysis of this technique and an assessment of the success rates. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Head-to-head comparison of dipyridamole, dobutamine and pacing stress echocardiography for the detection of myocardial ischemia in an animal model of coronary artery stenosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Schmidt

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available To compare the sensitivity of dipyridamole, dobutamine and pacing stress echocardiography for the detection of myocardial ischemia we produced a physiologically significant stenosis in the left circumflex artery of 14 open-chest dogs (range: 50 to 89% reduction in luminal diameter. In each study, dobutamine (5 to 40 µg kg-1 min-1 in 3-min stages and pacing (20 bpm increments, each 2 min, up to 260 bpm were performed randomly, and then followed by dipyridamole (up to 0.84 mg/kg over 10 min. The positivity of stress echocardiography tests was quantitatively determined by a significant (P<0.05 reduction of or failure to increase absolute and percent systolic wall thickening in the stenotic artery supplied wall, as compared to the opposite wall (areas related to the left anterior descending artery. Systolic and diastolic frozen images were analyzed off-line by two blinded observers in the control and stress conditions. The results showed that 1 the sensitivity of dobutamine, dipyridamole and pacing stress tests was 57, 57 and 36%, respectively; 2 in animals with positive tests, the mean percent change of wall thickening in left ventricular ischemic segments was larger in the pacing (-19 ± 11% and dipyridamole (-18 ± 16% tests as compared to dobutamine (-9 ± 6% (P = 0.05, but a similar mean reduction of wall thickening was observed when this variable was normalized to a control left ventricular segment (area related to the left anterior descending artery (pacing: -16 ± 7%; dipyridamole: -25 ± 16%; dobutamine: -26 ± 10%; not significant, and 3 a significant correlation was observed between magnitude of coronary stenosis and left ventricular segmental dysfunction induced by ischemia in dogs submitted to positive stress tests. We conclude that the dobutamine and dipyridamole stress tests showed identical sensitivities for the detection of myocardial ischemia in this one-vessel disease animal model with a wide range of left circumflex artery

  8. Neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) is elevated in type 2 diabetics with carotid artery stenosis and reduced under metformin treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eilenberg, W; Stojkovic, S; Piechota-Polanczyk, A; Kaider, A; Kozakowski, N; Weninger, W J; Nanobachvili, J; Wojta, J; Huk, I; Demyanets, S; Neumayer, C

    2017-08-08

    Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), an acute phase protein released by neutrophils, has been described as biomarker of inflammatory states. Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is characterized by increased inflammation and an elevated risk for embolization of carotid artery stenosis (CAS). We aimed to explore the role of NGAL systemically and in plaques of diabetics undergoing carotid endarterectomy. Moreover, the potential anti-inflammatory effect of metformin on NGAL was addressed in diabetics. Serum NGAL and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9/NGAL levels were measured in 136 patients (67 with T2DM vs. 69 non-diabetics) by specific ELISA. Endarterectomy samples were graded histologically according to the American Heart Association´s classification. NGAL mRNA expression was detected using RealTime-PCR in carotid endarterectomy specimens. Serum NGAL [median 107.4 ng/ml (quartiles: 75.2-145.0) vs. 64.4 (50.4 -81.3), p < 0.0001] and MMP-9/NGAL [41.5 ng/ml (20.8-63.9) vs. 27.6 (16.0-42.4), p = 0.017] were significantly elevated in diabetics compared to non-diabetics, as were leukocytes, neutrophils, C-reactive protein and fibrinogen (all p < 0.05). In patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic CAS diabetics had higher NGAL levels compared to non-diabetics [128.8 ng/ml (100.8-195.6) vs. 64.8 (48.9-82.2] and [101.6 ng/ml (70.1-125.3) vs. 63.8 (51.0-81.3), respectively, both p < 0.0001]. Presence of T2DM and type VI plaques (with surface defect, hemorrhage or thrombus) had a profound impact on NGAL levels (both p < 0.01) in multiple linear regression analysis. NGAL mRNA was detectable in 95% of analyzed carotid artery lesions of diabetics compared to 5% of non-diabetics (p < 0.0001). Accordingly, cerebral embolization was more frequent in diabetics (52.2% vs. 29%, p = 0.006). Metformin treatment was associated with decreased NGAL [60.7 ng/ml (51.9-69.2) vs. 121.7 (103.7-169.9), p < 0.0001] and MMP-9/NGAL [20.8 ng/ml (12.1-26.5) vs. 53

  9. Isotropic high-spatial-resolution contrast-enhanced 3.0-T MR angiography in patients suspected of having renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kramer, Ulrich; Wiskirchen, Jakub; Fenchel, Michael C; Seeger, Achim; Laub, Gerhard; Tepe, Gunnar; Finn, J Paul; Claussen, Claus D; Miller, Stephan

    2008-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to prospectively evaluate the diagnostic performance of contrast material-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) angiography performed at 3 T for assessment of renal artery stenosis (RAS) by using parallel acquisition techniques with high acceleration factors and with digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as the reference standard. The study was institutional review board approved, and written informed consent was obtained from all patients. Twenty-nine patients (18 men, 11 women; mean age, 57.1 years +/- 14.3 [standard deviation]) suspected of having RAS underwent MR angiography. Images were evaluated qualitatively and quantitatively. The interobserver variability, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of 3-T MR angiography, as compared with DSA (performed in 15 patients), were calculated. All examinations yielded good or excellent image quality. The sensitivity and specificity of MR angiography in grading significant (>75%) stenosis were 94% and 96%, respectively. Owing to its high sensitivity, contrast-enhanced 3-T MR angiography can be used reliably to exclude RAS and can serve as a useful screening method in the diagnostic work-up of patients with arterial hypertension.

  10. Combining Personality Traits with Traditional Risk Factors for Coronary Stenosis: An Artificial Neural Networks Solution in Patients with Computed Tomography Detected Coronary Artery Disease

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    Angelo Compare

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Coronary artery disease (CAD is a complex, multifactorial disease in which personality seems to play a role but with no definition in combination with other risk factors. Objective. To explore the nonlinear and simultaneous pathways between traditional and personality traits risk factors and coronary stenosis by Artificial Neural Networks (ANN data mining analysis. Method. Seventy-five subjects were examined for traditional cardiac risk factors and personality traits. Analyses were based on a new data mining method using a particular artificial adaptive system, the autocontractive map (AutoCM. Results. Several traditional Cardiovascular Risk Factors (CRF present significant relations with coronary artery plaque (CAP presence or severity. Moreover, anger turns out to be the main factor of personality for CAP in connection with numbers of traditional risk factors. Hidden connection map showed that anger, hostility, and the Type D personality subscale social inhibition are the core factors related to the traditional cardiovascular risk factors (CRF specifically by hypertension. Discussion. This study shows a nonlinear and simultaneous pathway between traditional risk factors and personality traits associated with coronary stenosis in CAD patients without history of cardiovascular disease. In particular, anger seems to be the main personality factor for CAP in addition to traditional risk factors.

  11. Spontaneous Rupture of a Giant Hepatic Hemangioma – Sequential Management with Transcatheter Arterial Embolization and Resection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Vaibhav; Ramachandran, Vijay; Garg, Rachana; Pal, Sujoy; Gamanagatti, Shivanand R.; Srivastava, Deep N.

    2010-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of liver and is often asymptomatic. Spontaneous rupture is rare but has a catastrophic outcome if not promptly managed. Emergent hepatic resection has been the treatment of choice but has high operative mortality. Preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) can significantly improve outcome in such patients. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of giant hepatic hemangioma that presented with abdominal pain and shock due to hemoperitoneum. Patient was successfully managed by TAE, followed by tumor resection. TAE is an effective procedure in symptomatic hemangiomas, and should be considered in such high risk patients prior to surgery. PMID:20339183

  12. Spontaneous rupture of a giant hepatic hemangioma - sequential management with transcatheter arterial embolization and resection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jain, Vaibhav; Ramachandran, Vijay; Garg, Rachana; Pal, Sujoy; Gamanagatti, Shivanand R; Srivastava, Deep N

    2010-01-01

    Hemangioma is the most common benign tumor of liver and is often asymptomatic. Spontaneous rupture is rare but has a catastrophic outcome if not promptly managed. Emergent hepatic resection has been the treatment of choice but has high operative mortality. Preoperative transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) can significantly improve outcome in such patients. We report a case of spontaneous rupture of giant hepatic hemangioma that presented with abdominal pain and shock due to hemoperitoneum. Patient was successfully managed by TAE, followed by tumor resection. TAE is an effective procedure in symptomatic hemangiomas, and should be considered in such high risk patients prior to surgery.

  13. Estenose retal secundária à embolização arterial em trauma pélvico: relato de caso Rectum stenosis secondary to arterial embolization for pelvic fracture: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme de Palma Abrão

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A embolização de ramos da artéria ilíaca interna é uma técnica empregada no controle da hemorragia secundária à fratura pélvica. Apesar de largamente utilizada, são poucas as complicações relatadas relacionadas ao uso dessa técnica. Apresentamos um caso de estenose isquêmica de reto secundária à embolização da artéria sacral lateral para controle de hemorragia em uma paciente com fratura pélvica.Transcatheter arterial embolization of the internal iliac artery branches is an accepted technique for the control of the hemorrhage due to pelvic fracture. Despite its widespread use, complications of the technique are rarely described. We reported a rectum ischemic stenosis following embolization of lateral sacral artery to control intractable hemorrhage from a pelvic fracture.

  14. Clinical utility of microbubble contrast-enhanced ultrasound in the diagnosis of hepatic artery occlusion after liver transplantation

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Berstad, Audun Elnaes; Brabrand, Knut; Foss, Aksel

    2009-01-01

    ...) in the diagnosis of hepatic artery occlusion after liver transplantation. One hundred and fifty-two liver transplantations in 142 adult subjects, comprising 80 male patients and 62 female patients, were studied...

  15. Hepatic arterial embolization and chemoembolization for the treatment of patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors: variables affecting response rates and survival

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gupta, Sanjay; Johnson, Marcella M; Murthy, Ravi; Ahrar, Kamran; Wallace, Michael J; Madoff, David C; McRae, Stephen E; Hicks, Marshall E; Rao, Sujaya; Vauthey, Jean-Nicolas; Ajani, Jaffer A; Yao, James C

    2005-01-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the prognostic variables that influence response and survival in patients with metastatic neuroendocrine tumors who are treated with hepatic arterial embolization (HAE...

  16. Hepatic Artery Mycotic Aneurysm Associated with Staphylococcal Endocarditis with Successful Treatment: Case Report with Review of the Literature

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    Dhara Chaudhari

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Mycotic hepatic artery aneurysm is a vascular pathology associated with bacterial endocarditis. It is rare in occurrence after the introduction of effective antibiotics. We present a young patient with injection drug abuse associated staphylococcal endocarditis which was successfully treated with antibiotics and valve replacement who presented with abdominal pain. He was found to have mycotic aneurysm of hepatic artery which was successfully treated with coil embolization.

  17. The recipient celiac trunk as an alternative to the native hepatic artery for arterial reconstruction in adult liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dokmak, Safi; Aussilhou, Béatrice; Landi, Filippo; Dondéro, Fédérica; Termos, Salah; Paugam-Burtz, Cathérine; Durand, François; Belghiti, Jacques

    2015-09-01

    During liver transplantation (LT), the recipient hepatic artery (RHA) cannot always be used, and alternatives include aortohepatic conduits and the splenic artery (SA). We report our experience with arterial reconstruction on the recipient celiac trunk (RCT), which has rarely been described. Since January 2013, we have been using the RCT when the RHA could not be used. All cases were discussed in a multidisciplinary LT meeting, and arterial patency or anomalies were systemically viewed with computed tomography (CT) scan. The RCT was used after section-ligation of all celiac trunk collaterals. Until May 2014, the RHA could not be used in 11/139 (8%) patients who underwent LT. Postoperative arterial patency was assessed by serial Doppler ultrasound and CT scan. The advantages and disadvantages of the different arterial conduits were evaluated. The RCT was used in 7/11 (64%) patients. Mean follow-up was 10 (6-15) months. The patency rate was 100%, and 1 patient with associated portal shunting died at day 20 from septic complications. No related gastric or splenic complications were encountered. The RCT could not be used in 4 patients with reconstruction on the SA (n = 2), infrarenal (n = 1), and supraceliac aorta (n = 1). The patency rate was 75%. One patient with SA conduit and portal shunting developed pancreatitis/anastomotic pseudoaneurysm with secondary rupture. An emergency infrarenal conduit was created, which was later embolized because of infected pseudoaneurysms. Although the literature reports a higher risk of thrombosis with aortohepatic conduits, no long-term results are available for the SA conduits, and only 1 report is available for the RCT. In conclusion, this study shows that the RCT is a good alternative to the RHA and can be used in two-thirds of patients with inadequate RHA flow. © 2015 American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases.

  18. Angioplastia e implante de stent en pacientes con estenosis de la arteria renal Angioplasty and stent implantation in patients with renal artery stenosis

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    Nabil Hamdan

    2005-06-01

    ón en pacientes con estenosis de la arteria renal; este estudio demuestra mejoría en el manejo de la hipertensión arterial sistémica a 12 meses, así como estabilización de la función renal.Introduction and objectives: renal artery atherosclerotic disease is considered a common cause of systemic arterial hypertension and renal insufficiency. Percutaneous treatment is a safe procedure, with low morbidity and mortality and a high success rate. It allows to control or to cure systemic arterial hypertension and to stabilize renal function (10. The efficacy of angioplasty with stent implantation in patients with significant renal artery stenosis will be evaluated in this study. Material and methods: this study is a historic cohort in which 28 patients with significant renal artery stenosis underwent angioplasty and stent implantation in a period between January 1, 2001 and December 21, 2003. An intra-hospital 12 months follow-up was performed and the arterial hypertension and the renal function were primarily evaluated. Results: after the percutaneous intervention in the hospitalized patient, the arterial blood pressure could be reduced in a significant way, both systolic from 171.5 mm Hg to 144.5 mm Hg and diastolic from 94.9 mm Hg to 80.2 mm Hg. The control of the arterial blood pressure was achieved in 7 patients (25%. The renal function, according to the creatinine serum concentration remained stable with a discrete increment from 1.7 mg/dL to1.9 mgs/dL. In the 12 months follow-up the arterial systolic pressure was maintained in 142.6 mm Hg and the diastolic in 81.4 mm Hg. In 11 patients (39.3% the arterial blood pressure remained under control. There was an improvement in the renal function in 5 patients (17.9% and renal deterioration in 5 patients (17.9%, 4 of which required hemodialysis. The main creatinine serum concentration was 2.01 mg/dL with an increment of 0.31 mg/dL in regard to the basal concentration prior to the intervention. Conclusion: treatment with

  19. Clinical Analysis of Pulmonary Lipiodol Embolism in Patients with Hepatic Carcinoma after Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization

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    Wen-jin JIANG

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective:To explore the clinical manifestations, therapeutic methods and preventive measures of pulmonary lipiodol embolism (PLE induced by transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE so as to improve the cognition and management of PLE. Methods:A total of 2 613 patients with hepatic cancer without history of pulmonary disease who were treated with TACE in our hospital from Sept., 2004 to Mar., 2013 were selected. The clinical manifestations, therapeutic methods and preventing measures of the 9 patients who were accompanied with PLE were observed to analyze the pre-operative hepatic computed tomography (CT and chest X-ray, intra-operative contrast examination, dosage of lipiodol and chemotherapeutic drugs, clinical manifestation and therapeutic progression as well as the postoperative follow-up.Results: Nine patients accompanied by PLE had different-severity cough, hemoptysis and progressive dyspnea, and chest X-ray and/or CT showed flaky high-density radiography. After treated with oxygen inhalation, bronchus expansion and inflammation alleviation, 8 patients were improved but 1 died. Of the 8 patients, 2 were given ventilator to assist breath, and the clinical symptoms of 8 patients disappeared within 3-15 d. The re-examined chest X-ray showed normal after 20-60 d follow-up observation. Additionally, 6 patients were with nidus diameter ≥10 cm, 6 with hepatic artery-vein fistula and 7 with lipiodol dosage ≥20 mL.Conclusion: PLE often occurs in patients with giant hepatic carcinoma accompanied by hepatic artery-vein fistula, whose lipiodol dosage is ≥20 mL. Accurate and correct management during operation can effectively reduce the development of PLE.

  20. Hepatic Artery Pseudoaneurysm: A Life-Threatening Complication of Liver Transplantation

    OpenAIRE

    Parlak, Selcuk; Gulcek, Serap; Kaplanoglu, Hatice; ALTIN, Levent; Deveer, Mehmet; Pasaoglu, Lale

    2015-01-01

    Hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm is a rare but serious complication following liver transplantation. A 50-year-old male patient with ulcerative colitis, sclerosing cholangitis, and end-stage liver disease underwent right lobe transplantation from a living donor. The patient was hospitalized because of impairment in liver function tests and massive pretibial edema three months after surgery. In color Doppler ultrasound and multidetector computed tomography, a pseudoaneurysm with peripheral large ...

  1. Spinal Stenosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and allows you to stand and bend. Spinal stenosis causes narrowing in your spine. The narrowing puts ... and spinal cord and can cause pain. Spinal stenosis occurs mostly in people older than 50. Younger ...

  2. Comparing the diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomographic angiography and gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography for the assessment of hemodynamically significant transplant renal artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaddikeri, Santhosh; Mitsumori, Lee; Vaidya, Sandeep; Hippe, Daniel S; Bhargava, Puneet; Dighe, Manjiri K

    2014-01-01

    To compare diagnostic accuracy of contrast-enhanced computed tomographic angiography (CTA) and gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) for the assessment of hemodynamically significant transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). After institutional review board approval, records of 27 patients with TRAS confirmed on digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 13 patients had MRA and 14 had CTA before DSA. Two board-certified fellowship-trained radiologists, one each from interventional radiology and body imaging blindly reviewed the DSA and CTA or MRA data, respectively. Sensitivity (SN), specificity (SP), positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of MRA and CTA were estimated using 50% stenosis as the detection threshold for significant TRAS. These parameters were compared between modalities using the Fisher exact test. Bias between MRA or CTA imaging and DSA was tested using the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Two patients were excluded from the MRA group owing to susceptibility artifacts obscuring the TRAS. The correlation between MRA and DSA measurements of stenosis was r = 0.57 (95% CI:-0.02, 0.87; P = 0.052) and between CTA and DSA measurements was r = 0.63 (95% CI: 0.14, 0.87; P = 0.015); the difference between the 2 techniques was not significant (P = 0.7). Both imaging modalities tended to underestimate the degree of stenosis when compared with DSA. MRA group (SN and SP: 56% and 100%, respectively) and CTA group (SN and SP: 81% and 67%, respectively). There were no significant differences in detection performance between modalities (P>0.3 for all measures). We did not find that either modality had any advantage over the other in terms of measuring or detecting significant stenosis. Accordingly, MRA may be preferred over CTA after positive color Doppler ultrasound screening when not contraindicated owing to lack of ionizing radiation or nephrotoxic iodinated contrast. However, susceptibility of

  3. Asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis treated with medical therapy alone: temporal trends and implications for risk assessment and the design of future studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadar, Nira; Raman, Gowri; Moorthy, Denish; O'Donnell, Thomas F; Thaler, David E; Feldmann, Edward; Lau, Joseph; Kitsios, Georgios D; Dahabreh, Issa J

    2014-01-01

    The rate of adverse clinical outcomes among patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis receiving medical therapy alone can be used to guide clinical decision-making and to inform future research. We aimed to investigate temporal changes in the incidence rate of clinical outcomes among patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis receiving medical therapy alone and to explore the implications of these changes for the design of future comparative studies. We searched MEDLINE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, US Food and Drug Administration documents, and reference lists of included studies (last search: December 31, 2012). We selected prospective cohort studies of medical therapy for asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis and we extracted information on study characteristics, risk of bias, and outcomes. We performed meta-analyses to estimate summary incidence rates, meta-regressions to assess trends over time, and simulations to explore sample size requirements for the design of future studies comparing new treatments against medical therapy. The main outcomes of interest were ipsilateral stroke, any stroke, cardiovascular death, death, and myocardial infarction. We identified 41 studies of medical therapy for patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis (last recruitment year: 1978-2009). The summary incidence rate of ipsilateral carotid territory stroke (25 studies) was 1.7 per 100 person-years. This incidence rate was significantly lower in recent studies (last recruitment year from 2000 onwards) as compared to studies that ended recruitment earlier (1.0 vs. 2.3 events per 100 person-years; p studies), cardiovascular death (6 studies), death (13 studies), and myocardial infarction (5 studies) were 2.7, 4.1, 4.6, and 1.8 per 100 person-years, respectively. Simulations showed that future studies would need to enroll large numbers of patients with a relatively high incidence rate under medical therapy, and evaluate interventions with large effect

  4. Implantable continuous Doppler monitoring device for detection of hepatic artery thrombosis after liver transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jong, Koert P; Bekker, Jasper; van Laarhoven, Stijn; Ploem, Sven; van Rheenen, Patrick F; Albers, Marcel J I J; van der Hilst, Christian S; Groen, Henk

    2012-11-15

    Early hepatic artery thrombosis (eHAT) after liver transplantation occurs in 3% of adults and 8% of children and often results in retransplantation. eHAT is initially asymptomatic and arterial patency is monitored with percutaneous Doppler ultrasound screening (pDUS). The aim of the study is to analyze the diagnostic accuracy of "continuous" Doppler registration (CONDOR) using an implantable miniature Doppler. This prospective observational study was conducted in 102 liver transplant recipients. Hepatic arterial signal is checked by CONDOR at least six times per day for the first 10 days after transplantation with comparison of diagnostic accuracy of CONDOR versus pDUS. Extra investigations were performed after 48 (11%) regular pDUS where arterial patency was questioned: 32 extra pDUS, 14 computed tomography (CT) angiographies, and 2 reoperations. CT scan confirmed eHAT in 4 cases. In 10 cases of pDUS-suspected eHAT, where subsequent CT showed an open artery, the CONDOR signal was clearly pulsatile. In 2 of 4 patients with five eHATs, a weak arterial signal was inadvertently interpreted as an open artery (sensitivity of 60%). The accuracy for detection of eHAT increased from 93% (pDUS) to 99% (CONDOR). Using CONDOR, additional CT angiographies may be prevented in 10% of cases. CONDOR is a useful adjunct to pDUS because it reduces the false-positive rate of pDUS. Further development of the technique and analysis of the signal generated by CONDOR are needed to improve the sensitivity before CONDOR can replace pDUS as a reliable screening method for detection of eHAT.

  5. Treatment of hepatoma with liposome-encapsulated adriamycin administered into hepatic artery of rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Dong-Sheng; Chen, Jiang-Hao; Ling, Rui; Yao, Qing; Wang, Ling; Ma, Zhong; Li, Yu

    2006-08-07

    To observe the therapeutic effects of liposome-encapsulated adriamycin (LADM) on hepatoma in comparison with adriamycin solution (FADM) and adriamycin plus blank liposome (ADM + BL) administered into the hepatic artery of rats. LADM was prepared by pH gradient-driven method. Normal saline, FADM (2 mg/kg), ADM+BL (2 mg/kg), and LADM (2 mg/kg) were injected via the hepatic artery in rats bearing liver W256 carcinosarcoma, which were divided into four groups randomly. The therapeutic effects were evaluated in terms of survival time, tumor enlargement ratio, and tumor necrosis degree. The difference was determined with ANOVA and Dunnett test and log rank test. Compared to FADM or ADM + BL, LADM produced a more significant tumor inhibition (tumor volume ratio: 1.243 +/- 0.523 vs 1.883 +/- 0.708, 1.847 +/- 0.661, P LADM compared with FADM or ADM+BL (231.48 vs 74.66, 94.70) (P < 0.05). The anticancer efficacies of adriamycin on hepatoma can be strongly improved by liposomal encapsulation through hepatic arterial administration.

  6. Aortic intramural hematoma and hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm: unusual complication following resuscitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juan, Yu-Hsiang; Saboo, Sachin S; Desai, Naman S; Khandelwal, Kanika; Khandelwal, Ashish

    2014-01-01

    We present a case of a 71-year-old woman with an unusual complication of aortic intramural hematoma and hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thrombolysis done for sudden cardiopulmonary arrest and pulmonary embolism. Patient was on Warfarin treatment for a prior history of pulmonary embolism and experienced recurrent cardiac arrests, which finally resolved after intravenous administration of thrombolytic agents. However, follow-up computed tomographic angiography revealed descending aortic intramural hematoma with intramural blood pool and concomitant liver laceration with hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. The patient received transcatheter embolization for the hepatic injury with careful follow-up for the aortic injury and was later discharged in a stable condition. Follow-up with subsequent computed tomographic angiography at a regular interval over 1 month shows near complete resolution of the intramural hematoma. The purpose of this report is to describe the rare complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thrombolysis in the form of concomitant injuries of the aorta and liver. Although the use of thrombolytic agents in patients with pulmonary embolism and cardiac arrest is still a matter of debate, this case report supports the concept that thrombolysis has a role in restoring cardiopulmonary circulation, especially in recurrent cardiac arrests resulting from pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, this case also highlights the increased association of the bleeding-related complication as a result of vigorous efforts of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Aggressive management with interventional radiology for hepatic pseudoaneurysm and conservative management of the aortic intramural hematoma resulted in favorable outcome for our patient.

  7. Short-term results of a randomized trial examining timing of carotid endarterectomy in patients with severe asymptomatic unilateral carotid stenosis undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illuminati, Giulio; Ricco, Jean-Baptiste; Caliò, Francesco; Pacilè, Maria Antonietta; Miraldi, Fabio; Frati, Giacomo; Macrina, Francesco; Toscano, Michele

    2011-10-01

    This study evaluated the timing of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in the prevention of stroke in patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis >70% receiving a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). From January 2004 to December 2009, 185 patients with unilateral asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis >70%, candidates for CABG, were randomized into two groups. In group A, 94 patients received a CABG with previous or simultaneous CEA. In group B, 91 patients underwent CABG, followed by CEA. All patients underwent preoperative helical computed tomography scans, excluding significant atheroma of the ascending aorta or aortic arch. Baseline characteristics of the patients, type of coronary artery lesion, and preoperative myocardial function were comparable in the two groups. In group A, all patients underwent CEA under general anesthesia with the systematic use of a carotid shunt, and 79 patients had a combined procedure and 15 underwent CEA a few days before CABG. In group B, all patients underwent CEA, 1 to 3 months after CABG, also under general anesthesia and with systematic carotid shunting. Two patients (one in each group) died of cardiac failure in the postoperative period. Operative mortality was 1.0% in group A and 1.1% in group B (P = .98). No strokes occurred in group A vs seven ipsilateral ischemic strokes in group B, including three immediate postoperative strokes and four late strokes, at 39, 50, 58, and 66 days, after CABG. These late strokes occurred in patients for whom CEA was further delayed due to an incomplete sternal wound healing or because of completion of a cardiac rehabilitation program. The 90-day stroke and death rate was 1.0% (one of 94) in group A and 8.8% (eight of 91) in group B (odds ratio [OR], 0.11; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.01-0.91; P = .02). Logistic regression analysis showed that only delayed CEA (OR, 14.2; 95% CI, 1.32-152.0; P = .03) and duration of cardiopulmonary bypass (OR, 1.06; 95% CI, 1.02-1.11; P = .004) reliably predicted

  8. Effects of uncomplicated carotid endarterectomy on cognitive function and brain perfusion in patients with unilateral asymptomatic severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery by comparison with unoperated patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kojima, Daigo; Ogasawara, Kuniaki; Kobayashi, Masakazu; Yoshida, Kenji; Kubo, Yoshitaka; Chida, Kohei; Oshida, Sotaro; Yoshida, Jun; Fujiwara, Shunro; Terasaki, Kazunori

    2016-07-01

    The purpose of the present exploratory study was to evaluate the effects of uncomplicated carotid endarterectomy (CEA) on cognitive function and brain perfusion in patients with unilateral asymptomatic severe stenosis of the internal carotid artery (ICA) by comparison with unoperated patients. Patients with age ≤75 years and unilateral asymptomatic severe stenosis (≥70%) of the cervical ICA underwent CEA with antiplatelet therapy (surgically treated group: 116 patients) or antiplatelet therapy alone or neither (medically treated group: 45 patients). For the surgically treated group, neuropsychological testing and brain perfusion measurement using single-photon emission computed tomography were performed within one month before surgery and one month after surgery. For the medically treated group, the same testing and measurement were performed twice at an interval of 1 to 2 months. None of the operated patients developed new major ischemic events after surgery or intraoperative cerebral hyperperfusion. None of the patients in the medically treated group experienced neurological deficits including transient ischemic attacks during the study period. The incidence of patients with interval cognitive improvement was significantly greater in the surgically treated group (11 patients: 9%) than in the medically treated group (0%) (p = 0.0352). The incidence of patients with interval brain perfusion improvement in the ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere was significantly greater in the surgically treated group (24 patients: 21%) than in the medically treated group (0%) (p = 0.0003). Uncomplicated CEA may improve cognitive function and brain perfusion in patients with unilateral asymptomatic severe stenosis of the ICA when compared with unoperated patients.

  9. Reduction of late in-stent stenosis in a porcine coronary artery model by cobalt chromium stents with a nanocoat of polyphosphazene (Polyzene-F).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stampfl, Ulrike; Sommer, Christof-Matthias; Thierjung, Heidi; Stampfl, Sibylle; Lopez-Benitez, Ruben; Radeleff, Boris; Berger, Irina; Richter, Goetz M

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of nanoscale coating with the highly biocompatible polymer Polyzene-F (PZF), in combination with cobalt chromium and stainless steel stents, to reduce in-stent stenosis, thrombogenicity, and vessel wall injury and inflammation. One bare cobalt chromium, PZF-nanocoated stainless steel or PZF-nanocoated cobalt chromium stent was implanted in right coronary artery of 30 mini-pigs (4- or 12-week follow-up). Primary study end points were in-stent stenosis and thrombogenicity. Secondary study end points were vessel wall injury and inflammation as evaluated by microscopy and a new immunoreactivity score applying C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor-necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha), and TGFbeta. At 12 weeks, angiography showed a significantly lower average loss in lumen diameter (2.1% +/- 3.05%) in PZF-nanocoated cobalt chromium stents compared with stents in the other groups (9.73% +/- 4.93% for bare cobalt chromium stents and 9.71% +/- 7% for PZF-nanocoated stainless steel stents; p = 0.04), which was confirmed at microscopy (neointima 40.7 +/- 16 lm in PZF-nanocoated cobalt chromium stents, 74.7 +/- 57.6 lm in bare cobalt chromium stents, and 141.5 +/- 109 lm in PZF-nanocoated stainless steel stents; p = 0.04). Injury and inflammation scores were low in all stents and were without significant differences. PZF-nanocoated cobalt chromium stents provided the highest efficacy in reducing in-stent stenosis at long-term follow-up. The PZF nanocoat proved to be biocompatible with respect to thromboresistance and inflammation. Our data suggest that its combination with cobalt chromium stents might provide an interesting passive stent platform.

  10. Local treatment in unresectable hepatic metastases of carcinoid tumors: Experiences with hepatic artery embolization and radiofrequency ablation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Coevorden Frits

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Hepatic metastases of carcinoid tumors cause incapacitating symptoms, but are usually diffuse and therefore unresectable. In this article we evaluate our experiences with local treatment techniques in the management of carcinoid patients with hepatic metastases and failing systemic treatment. Methods Fifteen consecutive carcinoid patients (11 men and 4 women; median age 60 years; range 45–71 years were treated with either hepatic artery embolization (HAE with Ivalon particles or radiofrequency ablation (RFA (percutaneously or intra-operatively. Follow-up evaluation was performed by CT scan and 24-hours urinary 5-HIAA excretions. Results A total of 18 HAE's was performed in 13 patients, while 10 lesions in 3 patients were treated with RFA. Median follow-up was 12.5 months (2 – 25 months. Median duration of symptoms was 22 months (8 – 193 months. Median overall decrease of 5-HIAA excretion 2 months after HAE was 32% with tumor regression on CT-scan in 4 patients (30% and improvement of symptoms with a median duration of 15 months in 3 of them (23%. Embolization led to fatal hepatic failure in one patient. The 3 patients treated with RFA showed a decrease of urinary 5-HIAA values of 34, 81 and 93% respectively, with tumor regression in all of them. Improvement of symptoms was reported in 2 patients up to 25 months. Conclusion Liver embolization performed late in the clinical course had limited effect on symptoms and biochemical and radiological parameters. First experiences with RFA are favorable and might encourage to apply RFA more widely in metastatic carcinoid.

  11. Optimal MR Plaque Imaging for Cervical Carotid Artery Stenosis in Predicting the Development of Microembolic Signals during Exposure of Carotid Arteries in Endarterectomy: Comparison of 4 T1-Weighted Imaging Techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Y; Ogasawara, K; Narumi, S; Sasaki, M; Saito, A; Tsushima, E; Namba, T; Kobayashi, M; Yoshida, K; Terayama, Y; Ogawa, A

    2016-06-01

    Preoperative identification of plaque vulnerability may allow improved risk stratification for patients considered for carotid endarterectomy. The present study aimed to determine which plaque imaging technique, cardiac-gated black-blood fast spin-echo, magnetization-prepared rapid acquisition of gradient echo, source image of 3D time-of-flight MR angiography, or noncardiac-gated spin-echo, most accurately predicts development of microembolic signals during exposure of carotid arteries in carotid endarterectomy. Eighty patients with ICA stenosis (≥70%) underwent the 4 sequences of preoperative MR plaque imaging of the affected carotid bifurcation and then carotid endarterectomy under transcranial Doppler monitoring of microembolic signals in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery. The contrast ratio of the carotid plaque was calculated by dividing plaque signal intensity by sternocleidomastoid muscle signal intensity. Microembolic signals during exposure of carotid arteries were detected in 23 patients (29%), 3 of whom developed new neurologic deficits postoperatively. Those deficits remained at 24 hours after surgery in only 1 patient. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve to discriminate between the presence and absence of microembolic signals during exposure of the carotid arteries was significantly greater with nongated spin-echo than with black-blood fast spin-echo (difference between areas, 0.258; P carotid arteries in carotid endarterectomy more accurately than other MR plaque imaging techniques. © 2016 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  12. Efficacy of occlusion of hepatic artery and risk of carbon dioxide gas embolism during laparoscopic hepatectomy in a pig model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Makabe, Kenji; Nitta, Hiroyuki; Takahara, Takeshi; Hasegawa, Yasushi; Kanno, Shoji; Nishizuka, Satoshi; Sasaki, Akira; Wakabayashi, Go

    2014-08-01

    The important point in safely performing laparoscopic hepatectomy (LH) is to control bleeding. The aims of this study were: (i) to assess the bleeding reduction effect by occlusion of the hepatic artery in LH; and (ii) to evaluate the risk of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) gas embolism (GE) in the case of high pneumoperitoneum (PP). Nine piglets underwent laparoscopic left medial lobe and left lateral lobe resection, receiving either occlusion of the hepatic artery (hepatic artery clamping group: HACG, n = 9) or no occlusion (hepatic artery declamping group: HADCG, n = 9) using a PP of 15 mmHg. In addition, we observed changes in hemodynamics induced by PP. The state of GE was observed using transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) during LH (n = 8). GE was graded as grade 0 (none), grade 1 (minor), and grade 2 (major). The HACG had significantly less bleeding compared to the HADCG (P < 0.01). During LH, four animals showed grade 1 (37.5%) and one animal showed grade 2 (12.5%) GE at 15 mmHg. At 20 mmHg, all animals showed grade 2 (100%) GE. The occlusion of the hepatic artery in LH reduces blood loss. The control of bleeding from the hepatic vein is feasible with a high PP, but there is a possibility of GE. © 2014 Japanese Society of Hepato-Biliary-Pancreatic Surgery.

  13. Multidetector computed tomography angiography of the celiac trunk and hepatic arterial system: normal anatomy and main variants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Araujo-Neto, Severino Aires; Mello-Junior, Carlos Fernando de; Franca, Henrique Almeida; Duarte, Claudia Martina Araujo; Borges, Rafael Farias; Magalhaes, Ana Guardiana Ximenes de, E-mail: severinoaires@hotmail.com [Universidade Federal da Paraiba (UFPB), Joao Pessoa, PB (Brazil)

    2016-01-15

    Although digital angiography remains as the gold standard for imaging the celiac arterial trunk and hepatic arteries, multidetector computed tomography in association with digital images processing by software resources represents a useful tool particularly attractive for its non invasiveness. Knowledge of normal anatomy as well as of its variations is helpful in images interpretation and to address surgical planning on a case-by-case basis. The present essay illustrates several types of anatomical variations of celiac trunk, hepatic artery and its main branches, by means of digitally reconstructed computed tomography images, correlating their prevalence in the population with surgical implications. (author)

  14. [Incidence and risk factors of acute hepatic failure after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization for hepatocellular carcinoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeon, Sang Hoon; Park, Kyung Sik; Kim, Young Hwan; Shin, Yo Sig; Kang, Min Kyoung; Jang, Byoung Kuk; Chung, Woo Jin; Cho, Kwang Bum; Hwang, Jae Seok

    2007-09-01

    Although transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is a major treatment modality for unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), acute hepatic failure after TACE is not rare. However, reports dealing with this important complication are not good enough and results are often variable. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and associated risk factors of acute hepatic failure after TACE. From January 2001 to November 2004, six hundred and thirty-two TACE sessions were performed in 377 patients (294 men and 83 women). Adriamycin mixed lipiodol solution and gelfoam were used for TACE. Various clinical and radiological factors before and after the procedure were reviewed retrospectively. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the risk factors associated with the development of acute hepatic failure after TACE. Acute hepatic failure occurred in 76 (12.0%) of the 632 TACE sessions within 14 days. Univariate analysis revealed that Child-Pugh class, 1st TACE, total bilirubin level, number of involved segments, total size of tumor, presence of right portal vein thrombosis (PVT) or main PVT, involvement of segment 1, 5, 6, 7, modified UICC stage, and doses of chemotherapeutic agent were significantly different between the patients with or without hepatic failure after TACE. Among them, elevated total bilirubin (p=0.001, E (beta)=1.449), presence of right (p=0.035, E (beta)=2.109) or main (p=0.011, E (beta)=4.067) PVT were independently associated factors in multivariate analysis. The incidence of acute hepatic failure after TACE was 12.0%. Elevated bilirubin level and portal vein thrombosis could be considered as the predictive factors for acute hepatic failure after TACE in HCC patients.

  15. Effects of Percutaneous Transluminal Renal Angioplasty on Office and Home Blood Pressure and Home Blood Pressure Variability in Hypertensive Patients With Renal Artery Stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwashima, Yoshio; Fukuda, Tetsuya; Kusunoki, Hiroshi; Hayashi, Shin-Ichiro; Kishida, Masatsugu; Yoshihara, Fumiki; Nakamura, Satoko; Kamide, Kei; Horio, Takeshi; Kawano, Yuhei

    2017-01-01

    This study included 126 hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis (mean age, 63 years; 22.2% fibromuscular dysplasia [FMD]) and investigated the effects of percutaneous transluminal renal angioplasty on office and home blood pressure (BP), and BP variability estimates derived from home BP, both at baseline and up to 12 months after angioplasty. Home BP was measured for 7 consecutive days, and the threshold defining uncontrolled home BP was ≥135/85 mm Hg. In both the FMD and atherosclerotic stenosis (ARAS) groups, office and home BP decreased significantly after angioplasty (all Phome (-22±19 versus -10±20 mm Hg; Poffice (-32±24 versus -23±28 mm Hg; P=0.11) systolic BP at 12 months was significantly greater in FMD. In both groups, all morning BP variability indices except the coefficient of variation in ARAS decreased significantly after revascularization (all Phome BP was 77.0% at baseline and 38.9% after revascularization. Duration of hypertension (odds ratio, 1.48), ARAS (odds ratio, 3.18), and the presence of proteinuria (odds ratio, 2.10) were independent predictors of uncontrolled home BP after revascularization (all Phome systolic BP in FMD; however, in both groups, it decreased BP variability irrespective of BP response. Measurement of home BP seems to be important for treatment success, especially in ARAS. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  16. Compressive stenosis of the left hepatic vein as a pathogenesis of postresectional liver failure: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ninomiya Mizuki

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Postresectional liver failure (PLF is a devastating and fatal complication of major hepatic resection, and we do not have a full understanding of the pathogenic mechanisms involved. No reliable treatment other than liver transplantation currently exists for PLF. Case presentation A 46-year-old Japanese man experienced PLF after an extended right hepatectomy for liver malignancy. Seven months after surgery, the patient's Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD score had reached 23. Doppler ultrasound study and three-dimensional computed tomography images showed a stenosed left hepatic vein compressed by surrounding hypertrophied hepatic parenchyma. Transluminal balloon angioplasty and stent placement therapy were conducted eight months after surgery. The pressure gradient between the hepatic vein and right atrium decreased from 13 to 3 mmHg after stent placement. Thereafter, the patient recovered. Conclusion Hepatic venous compression by surrounding hypertrophied hepatic parenchyma might, at least in part, be associated with the occurrence of PLF. Surgeons should bear this possibility in mind when confronted with cases of PLF, as early diagnosis and stent placement improves patients' chances of recovery.

  17. Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization Based on Hepatic Hemodynamics for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoru Murata

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC is the sixth most common cancer and the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the world. The Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer (BCLC classification has recently emerged as the standard classification system for clinical management of patients with HCC. According to the BCLC staging system, curative therapies (resection, transplantation, and percutaneous ablation can improve survival in HCC patients diagnosed at an early stage and offer potential long-term curative effects. Patients with intermediate-stage HCC benefit from transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE, and those diagnosed at an advanced stage receive sorafenib, a multikinase inhibitor, or conservative therapy. Most patients receive palliative or conservative therapy only, and approximately 50% of patients with HCC are candidates for systemic therapy. TACE is often recommended for advanced-stage HCC patients all over the world because these patients desire therapy that is more effective than systemic chemotherapy or conservative treatment. This paper aims to summarize both the published data and important ongoing studies for TACE and to discuss technical improvements in TACE for advanced-stage HCC.

  18. A two-layered suspension (particle-fluid) model for non-Newtonian fluid flow in a catheterized arterial stenosis with slip condition at the wall of stenosed artery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponalagusamy, R.

    2017-05-01

    The primary concern of the present investigation is to study blood flow in a porous catheterized artery with an axially asymmetric and radially symmetric stenosis (constriction). In the present study, blood is characterized as a two-fluid system containing a cell-rich zone of suspension of blood cells described to be a particle-fluid suspension (Jeffrey fluid) and a cell-free plasma (Newtonian fluid) layer near the wall. The systematic expressions for flow characteristics such as fluid phase and particle phase velocities, flow rate, wall shear stress, resistive force, and frictional forces on walls of arterial stenosis and catheter are derived. It is recorded that the wall shear stress, flow resistance, and frictional forces are found to be increased with catheter size, red cell concentration, and slip parameter. When blood obeys the law of constitutive equation of a Jeffrey fluid, the flowing blood experiences lesser wall shear stress, flow resistance and frictional forces as compared to the case of blood being categorized as a Newtonian fluid. The increase in Darcy number, blood rheology as Jeffrey fluid, and the presence of peripheral plasma layer near the wall serves to reduce substantially the values of the flow characteristics (wall shear stress, flow resistance and frictional forces).

  19. Discrepancy analysis between crystallized and fluid intelligence tests: a novel method to detect mild cognitive impairment in patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takaiwa, A; Kuwayama, N; Akioka, N; Kashiwazaki, D; Kuroda, S

    2018-02-01

    The present study was conducted to accurately determine the presence of mild cognitive impairment, which is often difficult to evaluate using only simple tests. Our approach focused on discrepancy analysis of fluid intelligence relative to crystallized intelligence using internationally recognized neuropsychological tests. One-hundred and five patients diagnosed with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis were assessed. The neuropsychological tests included the two subtests (information and picture completion) of Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R-two-subtests): crystallized intelligence tests and the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) (immediate memory, visuospatial/constructional, language, attention, delayed memory and total score) as fluid intelligence tests. Discrepancy analysis was used to assess cognitive impairment. The score for RBANS was subtracted from the score for WAIS-R-two-subtests, and if the score difference was greater than the 5% confidence limit for statistical significance, it was defined as a decline in cognitive function. The WAIS-R-two-subsets was within normal limits when compared with the standardized values. However, all RBANS domains showed significant declines. Frequencies of decline in each RBANS domain were as follows: 69 patients (66%) in immediate memory, 26 (25%) in visuospatial/constructional, 54 (51%) in language, 63 (60%) in attention, 54 (51%) in delayed memory and 78 (74%) in the total score. Moreover, 99 patients (94%) showed decline in at least one RBANS domain. Cognitive function is only preserved in a few patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis. Mild cognitive impairment can be precisely detected by performing the discrepancy analysis between crystallized and fluid intelligence tests. © 2017 EAN.

  20. Effects of statins on the progression of cerebral white matter lesion: Post hoc analysis of the ROCAS (Regression of Cerebral Artery Stenosis) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mok, Vincent C T; Lam, Wynnie W M; Fan, Yu Hua; Wong, Adrian; Ng, Ping Wing; Tsoi, Tak Hon; Yeung, Vincent; Wong, Ka Sing

    2009-05-01

    Arteriosclerotic related cerebral white matter lesion (WML) is associated with increased risk of death, stroke, dementia, depression, gait disturbance, and urinary incontinence. We investigated the effects of statins on WML progression by performing a post hoc analysis on the ROCAS (Regression of Cerebral Artery Stenosis) study, which is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluating the effects of statins upon asymptomatic middle cerebral artery stenosis progression among stroke-free individuals. Two hundreds and eight randomized subjects were assigned to either placebo (n = 102) or simvastatin 20 mg daily (n = 106) for 2 years. Baseline severity of WML was graded visually into none, mild, and severe. Volume (cm3) of WML was determined quantitatively at baseline and at end of study using a semi-automated method based on MRI. Primary outcome was the change in WML volume over 2 years. After 2 years of follow-up, there was no significant change in WML volume between the active and the placebo group as a whole. However, stratified analysis showed that for those with severe WML at baseline, the median volume increase in the active group (1.9 cm3) was less compared with that in the placebo group (3.0 cm3; P = 0.047). Linear multivariate regression analysis identified that baseline WML volume (beta = 0.63, P < 0.001) and simvastatin treatment (beta = -0.214, P = 0.043) independently predicted change in WML volume. Our findings suggest that statins may delay the progression of cerebral WML only among those who already have severe WML at baseline.

  1. Rubidium-82 PET-CT for quantitative assessment of myocardial blood flow: validation in a canine model of coronary artery stenosis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lautamaeki, Riikka; Higuchi, Takahiro; Merrill, Jennifer; Voicu, Corina; Bengel, Frank M. [Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Department of Radiology, Division of Nuclear Medicine, Baltimore, MD (United States); George, Richard T.; Kitagawa, Kakuya; DiPaula, Anthony; Lima, Joao A.C. [Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Baltimore, MD (United States); Nekolla, Stephan G. [Technischen Universitaet Muenchen, Nuklearmedizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Klinikum rechts der Isar, Munich (Germany); Lardo, Albert C. [Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Baltimore, MD (United States); Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Baltimore, MD (United States)

    2009-04-15

    Absolute quantification of myocardial blood flow expands the diagnostic potential of PET for assessment of coronary artery disease. {sup 82}Rb has significantly contributed to increasing utilization of PET; however, clinical studies are still mostly analysed qualitatively. The aim of this study was to reevaluate the feasibility of {sup 82}Rb for flow quantification, using hybrid PET-CT in an animal model of coronary stenosis. Nine dogs were prepared with experimental coronary artery stenosis. Dynamic PET was performed for 8 min after {sup 82}Rb(1480-1850 MBq) injection during adenosine-induced vasodilation. Microspheres were injected simultaneously for reference flow measurements. CT angiography was used to determine the myocardial regions related to the stenotic vessel. Two methods for flow calculation were employed: a two-compartment model including a spill-over term, and a simplified retention index. The two-compartment model data were in good agreement with microsphere flow (y=0.84x+0.20; r=0.92, p<0.0001), although there was variability in the physiological flow range <3 ml/g per minute (y=0.54x+0.53; r=0.53, p=0.042). Results from the retention index also correlated well with microsphere flow (y=0.47x+0.52; r=0.75, p=0.0004). Error increased with higher flow, but the correlation was good in the physiological range (y=0.62x+0.29; r=0.84, p=0.0001). Using current state-of-the-art PET-CT systems, quantification of myocardial blood flow is feasible with {sup 82}Rb. A simplified approach based on tracer retention is practicable in the physiological flow range. These results encourage further testing of the robustness and usefulness in the clinical context of cardiac hybrid imaging. (orig.)

  2. Detection of coronary artery stenosis with sub-milliSievert radiation dose by prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral CT angiography and iterative reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yin, Wei-Hua; Lu, Bin; Hou, Zhi-Hui; Li, Nan; Han, Lei; Wu, Yong-Jian; Niu, Hong-Xia; Silverman, Justin R; Nicola De Cecco, Carlo; Schoepf, U Joseph

    2013-11-01

    To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of sub-milliSievert (mSv) coronary CT angiography (cCTA) using prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral CT acquisition combined with iterative image reconstruction. Forty consecutive patients (52.9 ± 8.7 years; 30 men) underwent dual-source cCTA using prospectively ECG-triggered high-pitch spiral acquisition. The tube current-time product was set to 50 % of standard-of-care CT examinations. Images were reconstructed with sinogram-affirmed iterative reconstruction. Image quality was scored and diagnostic performance for detection of ≥50 % stenosis was determined with catheter coronary angiography (CCA) as the reference standard. CT was successfully performed in all 40 patients. Of the 601 assessable coronary segments, 543 (90.3 %) had diagnostic image quality. Per-patient sensitivity for detection of ≥50 % stenosis was 95.7 % [95 % confidence interval (CI), 76.0-99.8 %] and specificity was 94.1 % (95 % CI, 69.2-99.7 %). Per-vessel sensitivity was 89.5 % (95 % CI, 77.8-95.6 %) with 93.2 % specificity (95 % CI, 86.0-97.0 %). The area under the receiver-operating characteristic curve on per-patient and per-vessel levels was 0.949 and 0.913. Mean effective dose was 0.58 ± 0.17 mSv. Mean size-specific dose estimate was 3.14 ± 1.15 mGy. High-pitch prospectively ECG-triggered cCTA combined with iterative image reconstruction provides high diagnostic accuracy with a radiation dose below 1 mSv for detection of coronary artery stenosis. • Cardiac CT with sub-milliSievert radiation dose is feasible in many patients • High-pitch spiral CT acquisition with iterative reconstruction detects coronary stenosis accurately. • Iterative reconstruction increases who can benefit from low-radiation cardiac CT.

  3. Posterior Wall Capture and Femoral Artery Stenosis Following Use of StarClose Closing Device: Diagnosis and Therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stefanczyk, Ludomir [Medical University of Lodz, First Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland); Elgalal, Marcin T., E-mail: telgalal@yahoo.co.uk [Medical University of Lodz, Second Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland); Szubert, Wojciech; Grzelak, Piotr [Medical University of Lodz, First Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland); Szopinski, Piotr [Institute of Haematology and Transfusion Medicine, Department of Vascular Surgery (Poland); Majos, Agata [Medical University of Lodz, Second Department of Radiology and Diagnostic Imaging (Poland)

    2013-10-15

    A case of femoral artery obstruction following application of a StarClose type arterial puncture closing device (APCD) is presented. Ultrasonographic and angiographic imaging of this complication was obtained. The posterior wall of the vessel was accidentally caught in the anchoring element of the nitinol clip. This complication was successfully resolved by endovascular treatment and the implantation of a stent.