Sample records for hematoma complicating transjugular

  1. Cornual Ectopic Pregnancy Complicated by Infected Hematoma. (United States)

    O'Sullivan, Robert; Baltes, Emily C; Reid, Duncan; Shi, Veronica; Marcus, Peter


    Cornual ectopic pregnancies are rarely encountered in clinical practice. A diagnostic and therapeutic challenge, complications include hemorrhage and the presence of persistently elevated serum beta-hCG requiring administration of methotrexate. In this case, we present a patient whose postoperative course was complicated by an infected hematoma that responded to conservative management.

  2. Pulsative hematoma: A penile fracture complication

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    Nale Đorđe


    Full Text Available Background. Fracture of the penis is a direct blunt trauma of the erect or semi-erect penis. It can be treated by conservative or surgical means. Retrospective analyses of conservative penile fracture treatment reveal frequent immediate and later complications. Case report. We presented a 41- year-old patient with pulsative hematoma caused by an unusual fracture of the penis. Fracture had appeared 40 days before the admittance during a sexual intercourse. The patient was treated surgically. Conclusion. Pulsative hematoma (pulsative diverticulum is a very rare, early complication of a conservatively treated penile fracture. Surgical treatment has an advantage over surgical one, which was confirmed by our case report.

  3. Prevention and treatment of complications after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt

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    XUE Hui


    Full Text Available The application of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS in the treatment of cirrhotic portal hypertension has been widely accepted both at home and abroad. This article focuses on the fatal complications of TIPS (including intraperitoneal bleeding and acute pulmonary embolism, shunt failure, and recurrent portosystemic hepatic encephalopathy, and elaborates on the reasons for such conditions and related preventive measures, in order to improve the accuracy and safety of intraoperative puncture, reduce common complications such as shunt failure and hepatic encephalopathy, and improve the clinical effect of TIPS in the treatment of cirrhotic portal hypertension.

  4. Intrahepatic Pseudoaneurysms Complicating Transjugular Liver Biopsy in Liver Transplantation Patients: Three Case Reports

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    Jang, Seung Won; Ko, Gi Young; Yoon, Hyun Ki; Gwon, Dong Il; Sung, Kyu Bo [Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    An intrahepatic pseudoaneurysm is a rare complication following transjugular liver biopsy. Transarterial embolization is considered a safe and effective treatment for treating pseudoaneurysms. Herein we report three cases of intrahepatic pseudoaneurysms following transjugular liver biopsies. The three pseudoaneurysms were managed by the following methods: transarterial embolization, percutaneous transhepatic embolization, and close observation

  5. Epidural Hematoma Complication after Rapid Chronic Subdural Hematoma Evacuation: A Case Report (United States)

    Akpinar, Aykut; Ucler, Necati; Erdogan, Uzay; Yucetas, Cem Seyho


    Patient: Male, 41 Final Diagnosis: Healty Symptoms: Headache Medication: — Clinical Procedure: Chronic subdural hematoma Specialty: Neurosurgery Objective: Diagnostic/therapeutic accidents Background: Chronic subdural hematoma generally occurs in the elderly. After chronic subdural hematoma evacuation surgery, the development of epidural hematoma is a very rare entity. Case Report: We report the case of a 41-year-old man with an epidural hematoma complication after chronic subdural hematoma evacuation. Under general anesthesia, the patient underwent a large craniotomy with closed system drainage performed to treat the chronic subdural hematoma. After chronic subdural hematoma evacuation, there was epidural leakage on the following day. Conclusions: Although trauma is the most common risk factor in young CSDH patients, some other predisposing factors may exist. Intracranial hypotension can cause EDH. Craniotomy and drainage surgery can usually resolve the problem. Because of rapid dynamic intracranial changes, epidural leakages can occur. A large craniotomy flap and silicone drainage in the operation area are key safety points for neurosurgeons and hydration is essential. PMID:26147957

  6. A Lethal Complication of Endoscopic Therapy: Duodenal Intramural Hematoma

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    Turan Calhan


    Full Text Available Duodenal intramural hematoma (DIH usually occurs in childhood and young adults following blunt abdominal trauma. It may also develop in the presence of coagulation disorders and may rarely be an iatrogenic outcome of endoscopic procedures. Management of DIH is usually a conservative approach. A case of intramural duodenal hematoma that developed following endoscopic epinephrine sclerotherapy and/or argon plasma coagulation and that was nonresponsive to conservative therapy in a patient with chronic renal failure who died from sepsis is being discussed in this report. Clinicians should be aware of such possible complications after endoscopic hemostasis in patients with coagulation disorders.

  7. Extensive spinal epidural hematoma: a rare complication of aortic coarctation

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    Zizka, J.; Elias, P.; Michl, A. [Dept. of Radiology, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic); Harrer, J. [Dept. of Cardiac Surgery, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic); Cesak, T. [Dept. of Neurosurgery, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic); Herman, A. [1. Dept. of Internal Medicine, Charles University Hospital, Hradec Kralove (Czech Republic)


    Development of collateral circulation belongs among the typical signs of aortic coarctation. Cerebral or spinal artery aneurysm formation with increased risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage represent the most common neurovascular complication of this disease. We report a case of a 20-year-old sportsman who developed acute non-traumatic paraplegia as a result of extensive spinal epidural hemorrhage from collateral vessels accompanying aortic coarctation which was unrecognized up to that time. To the best of our knowledge, acute spinal epidural hematoma as a complication of aortic coarctation has not been previously reported. (orig.)

  8. Transjugular liver core biopsy: indications, results, and complications; Transjugulaere Leberstanzbiopsie: Indikationen, Ergebnisse, Komplikationen

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    Dinkel, H.P.; Wittchen, K.; Hoppe, H.; Triller, J. [Inst. fuer Diagnostische Radiologie, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland); Dufour, J.F. [Inst. fuer Klinische Pharmakologie, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland); Zimmermann, A. [Inst. fuer Pathologie, Inselspital, Univ. Bern (Switzerland)


    Purpose: To evaluate benefit, feasibility, and frequency of complications with transjugular liver biopsy using a semi-automatic Tru-cut system. Materials and Methods: Eighty-five consecutive patients (57 males, 28 females) with various liver disorders (cirrhosis [30], hepatitis [12], acute hepatopathy [34], orthotopic liver transplantation [8], hepatocellular carcinoma [1]), coagulopathies (n=71) and/or ascites (n = 46) were referred to our department for a transjugular liver biopsy. Mean age was 48 {+-} 16 years (range 17 to 75 years). Success and complications were retrospectively evaluated from the radiology reports, pathology reports, and patient files. Success was defined as procuring a tissue specimen that enabled a definite histological diagnosis. The complications included thrombosis at the puncture site, hematoma, cardiac arrhythmia, capsular perforation, hemorrhage, and cardiac damage. Mortality included all deaths within 30 days after the procedure. Procedure-related mortality included all deaths related to the procedure. Results: The procedure was technically successful in 80 patients (94%) and unsuccessful in 5 patients (6%) due to a failed hepatic vein cannulation (1 patient with Budd Chiari syndrome and total liver vein occlusion, 4 patients with unsuitable anatomy). One biopsy pass was made in 22 patients, and two passes were made in 45 and three or more passes in 14 patients, all in a single session. The sample quality was judged by the pathologist as good in 71 of 80 patients (89%) and poor in 8 patients (10%). A diagnosis was not possible in 1 patient. Eight procedure-related complications occurred, which were classified according to the criteria of the society of interventional radiology (SIR) as minor in 5 (3 type A, 2 type B) and major in 3 (1 pneumothorax, type C, 1 nonfatal bleeding, type D, and 1 fatal bleeding, type F). Procedure-related mortality was 1%, overall mortality 15% (mostly due to progressive liver failure). (orig.) [German

  9. Intraparenchymal hematoma as a late complication of retrograde intrarenal surgery

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    Sedat Yahsi

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT A 34 year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with left flank pain. A non-contrast enhanced computerized tomography (NCCT revealed a 1.5x2cm left proximal ureter stone. Patient was scheduled for ureterorenoscopy (URS and stone removal. She was submitted to retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS. At the postoperative 1st day, the patient began to suffer from left flank pain. A NCCT was taken, which revealed a subcapsular hematoma and perirenal fluid. The patient was managed conservatively with intravenous fluid, antibiotic and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug therapy and was discharged at the postoperative 6th day. Two weeks after the discharge the patient was admitted to emergency department with severe left flank pain, palpitation and malaise. KUB (kidney-ureter-bladder radiography showed double-J stent (DJS to be repositioned to the proximal ureter. Patient was evaluated with contrast enhanced CT which revealed an 8cm intraparenchymal hematoma/abscess in the middle part of the kidney. A percutaneous drainage catheter was inserted into the collection. The percutaneous drainage catheter and the DJS were removed at the 10th day of second hospitalization. RIRS surgery is an effective and feasible choice for renal stones with high success and acceptable complication rates. However, clinician should be alert to possible complications.

  10. Transjugular Endovascular Recanalization of Splenic Vein in Patients with Regional Portal Hypertension Complicated by Gastrointestinal Bleeding

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    Luo, Xuefeng; Nie, Ling; Wang, Zhu; Tsauo, Jiaywei; Tang, Chengwei; Li, Xiao, E-mail: [West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Department of Gastroenterology (China)


    PurposeRegional portal hypertension (RPH) is an uncommon clinical syndrome resulting from splenic vein stenosis/occlusion, which may cause gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding from the esophagogastric varices. The present study evaluated the safety and efficacy of transjugular endovascular recanalization of splenic vein in patients with GI bleeding secondary to RPH.MethodsFrom December 2008 to May 2011, 11 patients who were diagnosed with RPH complicated by GI bleeding and had undergone transjugular endovascular recanalization of splenic vein were reviewed retrospectively. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed splenic vein stenosis in six cases and splenic vein occlusion in five. Etiology of RPH was chronic pancreatitis (n = 7), acute pancreatitis with pancreatic pseudocyst (n = 2), pancreatic injury (n = 1), and isolated pancreatic tuberculosis (n = 1).ResultsTechnical success was achieved in 8 of 11 patients via the transjugular approach, including six patients with splenic vein stenosis and two patients with splenic vein occlusion. Two patients underwent splenic vein venoplasty only, whereas four patients underwent bare stents deployment and two covered stents. Splenic vein pressure gradient (SPG) was reduced from 21.5 ± 7.3 to 2.9 ± 1.4 mmHg after the procedure (P < 0.01). For the remaining three patients who had technical failures, splenic artery embolization and subsequent splenectomy was performed. During a median follow-up time of 17.5 (range, 3–34) months, no recurrence of GI bleeding was observed.ConclusionsTransjugular endovascular recanalization of splenic vein is a safe and effective therapeutic option in patients with RPH complicated by GI bleeding and is not associated with an increased risk of procedure-related complications.

  11. An acute cervical epidural hematoma as a complication of dry needling. (United States)

    Lee, Jun-Hwan; Lee, Hyangsook; Jo, Dae-Jean


    A retrospective case report. The objective of this article is to report an unusual complication of dry needling. Epidural hematomas after dry needling are quite unusual and only a few cases of epidural hematoma after acupuncture have been reported in the literature. We are presenting the first report of acute cervical epidural hematoma after dry needling. A 58-year-old woman presented with quadriparesis and neck pain. Magnetic resonance imaging of the spine revealed a hyperintense mass in the T2-weighted magnetic resonance image at the C2-T2 level, which proved to be an epidural hematoma. Symptoms related to the epidural hematoma resolved after decompression. Though rare, epidural hematomas are a possible complication when applying needling therapies. Therapists need to have precise knowledge of human anatomy, especially in the region where he or she will puncture. Continuous attention must be paid throughout the whole procedure.

  12. Intramural Hematoma of the Esophagus Complicating Severe Preeclampsia

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    Simone Garzon


    Full Text Available Intramural hematoma of the esophagus is a rare injury causing esophageal mucosal dissection. Forceful vomiting and coagulopathy are common underlying causes in the elderly population taking antiplatelets or anticoagulation agents. Acute retrosternal pain followed by hematemesis and dysphagia differentiates the hematoma from other cardiac or thoracic emergencies, including acute myocardial infarction or aortic dissection. Direct inspection by endoscopy is useful, but chest computed tomography best assesses the degree of obliteration of the lumen and excludes other differential diagnoses. Intramural hematoma of the esophagus is generally benign and most patients recover fully with conservative treatment. Bleeding can be managed medically unless in hemodynamically unstable patients, for whom surgical or angiographic treatment may be attempted; only rarely esophageal obstruction requires endoscopic decompression. We report an unusual case of esophageal hematoma, presenting in a young preeclamptic woman after surgical delivery of a preterm twin pregnancy, with a favorable outcome following medical management.

  13. Interventricular Septal Hematoma and Coronary-Ventricular Fistula: A Complication of Retrograde Chronic Total Occlusion Intervention

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    Abdul-rahman R. Abdel-karim


    Full Text Available Interventricular septal hematoma is a rare complication of retrograde chronic total occlusion (CTO percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI with a typically benign course. Here we report two cases of interventricular septal hematoma and coronary-cameral fistula development after right coronary artery (RCA CTO-PCI using a retrograde approach. Both were complicated by development of ST-segment elevation and chest pain. One case was managed actively and the other conservatively, both with a favorable outcome.

  14. Subdural Hematoma: A Rare Adverse Complication From Bone-Anchored Hearing Aid Placement. (United States)

    Amin, Nikul; Aymat-Torrente, Antonio


    Bone-anchored hearing aids (BAHA) are bone conduction hearing aids commonly implantated by Ear, Nose, and Throat surgeons. We present the first documented case of a subdural hematoma secondary to primary fixation of a BAHA. We present a 65-year-old male patient undergoing a left sided BAHA for bilateral chronic ear infections and difficulty wearing conventional hearing aids. The procedure was uneventful, however, the patient developed a postoperative large acute left temporoparietal intracerebral hematoma associated with an ipsilateral acute subdural hematoma. This required emergency transfer to the local tertiary neurosurgical center for a left decompressive craniotomy and evacuation of the hematoma. The patient required a prolonged stay on an intensive care unit and was eventually discharged to the community for on-going neurological rehabilitation. This is a rare and devastating complication BAHA surgery. Otologist, general ENT surgeons, and neurosurgeons should be aware of this life-threatening complication of BAHA surgery.

  15. Assessment of the efficacy and potential complications of transjugular liver biopsy in canine cadavers. (United States)

    Levien, A S; Weisse, C; Donovan, T A; Berent, A C


    Transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) is used in humans at risk of bleeding. There are no reports of its use in veterinary medicine. To assess the efficacy and potential complications of TJLB in canine cadavers, and compare with samples obtained via needle liver biopsy (NLB) and surgical liver biopsy (SLB). Twenty-five medium and large breed canine cadavers. Prospective study. TJLBs were procured through the right jugular vein. After biopsy, intravenous contrast and gross inspection were used to assess the biopsy site. Minor and major complications were recorded. NLBs and SLBs were then obtained. Histopathology was performed, and TJLB and NLB were compared for number of complete portal tracts (CPTs), length, and fragmentation. Pathologic process and autolysis were assessed in all samples. All TJLBs yielded liver tissue. The proportion of minor complications was 12/25 (48%), and major complications 16/25 (64%); 13/16 (81%) of the major complications were liver capsule perforation. In 21/25 (84%), the histopathology in the SLB was reflected in the TJLBs. For cases with minimal autolysis, median number of CPTs in TJLBs was 7.5, compared with 4 in NLBs (P = .018). Median length of TJLB specimen was 28 mm compared to 22 mm in NLBs (P = .007). Fragmentation rate was median of 1.25 for TJLB compared to 1.50 in NLBs (P = .11). TJLB is technically feasible and achieves comparable results to NLB and SLB. The number of complications, in particular liver capsule perforation, was greater than expected. Further studies are indicated before clinical use is recommended.

  16. Major complications due to transjugular liver biopsy: Incidence, management and outcome. (United States)

    Dohan, A; Guerrache, Y; Dautry, R; Boudiaf, M; Ledref, O; Sirol, M; Soyer, P


    The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the incidence of intraperitoneal bleeding and other major complications of transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) and analyze their outcome and management. The clinical files of 341 consecutive patients who had TJLB were retrospectively analyzed. There were 237 men and 104 women (mean age: 51.38±12.8 years; range: 17-89 years). All patients had TJLB because standard percutaneous transhepatic biopsy was contraindicated. Patients' files were reviewed to search for major and minor procedure-related complications during or immediately after TJLB. TJLBs were technically successful in 331/341 patients (97.07%; 95%CI: 94.67-98.58%). Major complications consisted exclusively of intraperitoneal bleeding due to liver capsule perforation and were observed in 2/341 patients (0.59%; 95%CI: 0.07-2.10%). They were treated using transcatheter arterial or venous embolization with a favorable outcome. The most frequent minor complications were abdominal pain (35/341; 10.26%; 95%CI: 7.25-13.99%) and supraventricular arrhythmia (15/341; 4.40%; 95%CI: 2.48-7.15%). No cases of inadvertent injury of the carotid artery were observed. Major complications during TJLB are extremely rare and can be managed using arterial or venous embolization with a favorable outcome. Our results reinforce the general assumption that TJLB is a safe and well-tolerated technique. Copyright © 2015 Éditions françaises de radiologie. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  17. Prevention of potential complications related to transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedure: efficacy of polytetrafluoroethylene stent grfat

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    Koo, Jae Hong; Seong, Chang Kyu [School of Medicine, Kyungpook National Univ., Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Hwan; Choi, Jin Soo; Lee, Sang Kwon; Kim, Gab Chul [School of Medicine, Keimyung Univ., Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Yong Joo [Andong General Hospital, Andong (Korea, Republic of); Seong, Nak Kwan; Park, Young Chan [School of Medicine, Daegu Catholic Univ., Daegu (Korea, Republic of)


    The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) stent graft for preventing potential complications related to a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). Between January 2002 and March 2003, seven patients (males: 5, females: 2, mean age: 44) underwent TIPS stent placement using the PTFE stent graft (Nitis,Taewoong, Seoul, Korea) to prevent potential complications such as life threatening hemoperitoneum, hemobilia and early stent occlusion. Three patients were admitted for esophageal varix bleeding, three patients were admitted for gastric varix bleeding and one patient was admitted for umbilical bleeding. The extrahepatic portal vein was punctured inadvertently in four patients (main portal vein: 1 case, portal vein bifurcation: 3 cases), but contrast media extravasation into the peritoneal cavity on the tractogram was noted only in two patients. Two of four patients had chronic portal vein occlusion with intra- and extrahepatic cavernous transformation. The bile duct was inadvertently punctured and visualized on the tractogram in three patients. All the identified biliary trees or contrast media extravasations observed on the tractograms were successfully sealed off on the post-procedure portograms. The immediate post-procedure clinical recovery courses were uneventful in all patients (no hemobilia or hemoperitoneum was noted). Bleeding control was successful in all patients. The one patient who had Child-Pugh cIass C disease died of hepatic encephalopathy 3 days after TIPS placement. Five of the six living patients have not shown any complications or rebleeding during the follow up periods (9-23 months). The one patient who had biliary communication on the tractogram rebled due to TIPS stent stenosis 25 days after TIPS, and this patient was successfully treated by TIPS revision. Potential complications related to TIPS procedure can be successfully prevented with PTFE stent graft placement.

  18. Aortic intramural hematoma and hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm: unusual complication following resuscitation. (United States)

    Juan, Yu-Hsiang; Saboo, Sachin S; Desai, Naman S; Khandelwal, Kanika; Khandelwal, Ashish


    We present a case of a 71-year-old woman with an unusual complication of aortic intramural hematoma and hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm following cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thrombolysis done for sudden cardiopulmonary arrest and pulmonary embolism. Patient was on Warfarin treatment for a prior history of pulmonary embolism and experienced recurrent cardiac arrests, which finally resolved after intravenous administration of thrombolytic agents. However, follow-up computed tomographic angiography revealed descending aortic intramural hematoma with intramural blood pool and concomitant liver laceration with hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm. The patient received transcatheter embolization for the hepatic injury with careful follow-up for the aortic injury and was later discharged in a stable condition. Follow-up with subsequent computed tomographic angiography at a regular interval over 1 month shows near complete resolution of the intramural hematoma. The purpose of this report is to describe the rare complication of cardiopulmonary resuscitation and thrombolysis in the form of concomitant injuries of the aorta and liver. Although the use of thrombolytic agents in patients with pulmonary embolism and cardiac arrest is still a matter of debate, this case report supports the concept that thrombolysis has a role in restoring cardiopulmonary circulation, especially in recurrent cardiac arrests resulting from pulmonary embolism. On the other hand, this case also highlights the increased association of the bleeding-related complication as a result of vigorous efforts of cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Aggressive management with interventional radiology for hepatic pseudoaneurysm and conservative management of the aortic intramural hematoma resulted in favorable outcome for our patient.

  19. Lateral abdominal wall hematoma as a rare complication after carotid artery stenting: a case report

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    Satomi Jyunichiro


    Full Text Available Abstract Abdominal wall hematoma is a rare and life-threatening complication after carotid artery stenting (CAS, but it can occur when activated clotting time is prolonged. We report a right lateral abdominal wall hematoma caused by rupture of the superficial circumflex iliac artery after CAS in a 72-year-old man with severe stenosis of the origin of the right internal carotid artery. We performed CAS for the targeted lesion while activated clotting time exceeded 300 seconds. After 2 hours, he complained of right lateral abdominal pain. Abdominal computed tomography revealed an extensive hematoma in the right lateral abdominal wall. Activated clotting time was 180 seconds at this point. Seven hours later, he developed hypotension and hemoglobin level dropped to 11.3 g/dl. Subsequent computed tomography showed enlargement of the hematoma. Emergent selective angiography of the external iliac artery revealed active bleeding from the right superficial circumflex iliac artery. Transcatheter arterial embolization with Gelfoam and microcoils was performed successfully. With more CAS procedures being performed, it is important for endovascular surgeons and radiologists to consider the possibility of abdominal wall hematoma in this situation.

  20. [Complications of superficial venous surgery of the legs: thigh hematomas and abscess]. (United States)

    Millien, J P; Coget, J M


    A series of 1,000 patients has been studied. I. HEMATOMAE: They are nearly continuous during internal saphena stripping but depend on various parameters. 1) Anatomical: a) Varicose veins topography. Perforating veins. Perforating veins of the thigh cause haemorrhage but reactions of venous construction are quite important and precocious not to observe subcutaneous bleedings. More or less "soft" stripping creates a reaction of reflex vasoconstriction. Fore saphenous vein of the thigh Hematomae are more and more numerous and important because the fore saphenous vein is a vein whose wall is thinner, more fragile and almost more superficial. b) Type of patient. In an obese patient, hematoma seems to be more spectacular. In the thin patient, it appears faster, if hematic expression is too late. 2) Stripping techniques: It is possible to propose different techniques of stripping, but none of them can lower specifically post-surgical hematomae. 3) Anaesthesiae: a) General anaesthesia. A bilateral surgery under general anaesthesia was helpful to observe in some cases a less important hematoma at the level of the second operated leg. b) Rachi-anaesthesia. Physiological vasoconstriction requires a latent period for this kind of anaethesia which causes a vasomotor paralysis due to a blockade of the sympathetic nerve. c) Local anaesthesia. It is obtained by crural block in association with injection of Xylocaine Adrenalina at the level of perforating veins of the thigh. This technique causes less hematomae. II. ABSCESSES: Only 4 cases out of 1,000 operated legs have been reported. No related pathology have been observed particularly about lymphatic disorders (erysipelas or lymphoedema), no previous infection known which could not have explained such complications. Therapy was simple: incision at mid-thigh and draining by lamina. The patient recovered within two weeks.

  1. Transjugular renal biopsy in the treatment of patients with cirrhosis and renal abnormalities. (United States)

    Jouët, P; Meyrier, A; Mal, F; Callard, P; Guettier, C; Stordeur, D; Trinchet, J C; Beaugrand, M


    When renal lesions are suspected in patients with cirrhosis, clotting disorders often preclude percutaneous renal biopsy. This study was undertaken to determine whether transjugular renal biopsy is possible, safe, and useful in such patients. From 1987 to 1994, 70 patients with cirrhosis and clotting disorders underwent transjugular renal biopsies, providing renal tissue in 55. Of these 55 patients, 41 were Child-Pugh class B or C, 35 were alcoholic, serum creatinine levels were > or = 130 micromol/L in 46, and proteinuria was > or = 0.5 g/d in 37. Clinically significant complications of transjugular renal biopsy were persistent hematuria in 4 and perirenal hematoma in 4, requiring blood transfusions in 1 and 2 cases, respectively. There were no deaths related to renal biopsy. Renal lesions were identified as glomerular in 41 (74.5%), interstitial in 7, and end-stage in 2 and were absent in 5. Transjugular renal biopsy influenced treatment in 21 patients (38%), including 11 who were proposed for liver transplantation and 4 who had chronic liver rejection. Decisions based on results of transjugular renal biopsy were to perform liver transplantation in 8 and combined renal and liver transplantation in 5, whereas 2 were refused. In 6 other patients, the results of renal biopsy modified the medical regimen. We conclude that transjugular renal biopsy may be a useful procedure in patients with cirrhosis and clotting disorders. This technique does not entail undue risks and may influence treatment decisions, particularly in patients proposed for liver transplantation.

  2. An Unreported Cause of Buccal Mucosal Hematoma: A Rare Complication After Heparin Therapy in a Patient with Chronic Renal Failure

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    Mustafa Yıldız


    Full Text Available Patients receiving anti-coagulants such as heparin can suffer from significant complications of these medications. Herein, we report a buccal mucosal hematoma in a heparinized patient with chronic renal failure.

  3. HELLP Syndrome Complicated with Postpartum Subcapsular Ruptured Liver Hematoma and Purtscher-Like Retinopathy

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    Daniela Cernea


    Full Text Available Purtscher's retinopathy is usually associated with trauma, acute pancreatitis, vasculitis, lupus, and bone fractures. It was rarely described postpartum in patients with preeclampsia as well as associated with HELLP syndrome. We present a case of a multiparous patient aged 44 with severe preeclampsia and postpartum HELLP syndrome complicated with Purtscher-like retinopathy and large ruptured subcapsular liver hematoma that required emergency abdominal surgery after premature delivery of a dead fetus. Postsurgical outcome was favorable regarding both liver function and visual acuity.

  4. Bakri balloon in vaginal-perineal hematomas complicating vaginal delivery: a new therapeutic approach. (United States)

    Gizzo, Salvatore; Saccardi, Carlo; Patrelli, Tito Silvio; Di Gangi, Stefania; D'Antona, Donato; Battista Nardelli, Giovanni


    The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of Bakri balloon as a hemostatic device in severe postpartum hemorrhage due to complicated vaginal-perineal hematoma not responsive to standard surgical treatments. The article discusses an effective and minimally invasive technique for resolving a case of massive vaginal-perineal bleeding after vaginal delivery complicated by ischiorectal fossa hematoma. A 36-year-old primipara white woman, 41 weeks 1 day pregnant, was admitted to our unit for beginning of labor. She experienced a precipitous delivery of a healthy male baby (3.72 kg, 51 cm in length), and spontaneous complete afterbirth of placenta and membranes. The intervention involved positioning of an hemostatic Bakri balloon device in the vagina, to compress the vaginal wall, ensuring that the draining apex was well positioned into the uterine cervix. The patient was discharged after having a puerperal course without further complications. Vaginal hemostatic Bakri balloon device shows hemostatic efficacy immediately assessable, is promptly removable, not interfering with subsequent surgical or radiological procedures, does not increase the risk of infections as other compressive procedures, allows flow of lochia, does not cause pain or discomfort in women, and permits adjustable compression when a drainage is placed during surgery. Despite the high cost, it does not show disadvantages.

  5. Transjugular Insertion of Bare-Metal Biliary Stent for the Treatment of Distal Malignant Obstructive Jaundice Complicated by Coagulopathy

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    Tsauo Jiaywei, E-mail:; Li Xiao, E-mail:; Li Hongcui, E-mail:; Wei Bo, E-mail:; Luo Xuefeng, E-mail:; Zhang Chunle, E-mail:; Tang Chengwei, E-mail: [West China Hospital of Sichuan University, Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (China); Wang Weiping, E-mail: [Section of Interventional Radiology, Cleveland Clinic, Imaging Institute (United States)


    This study was designed to investigate retrospectively the feasibility of transjugular insertion of biliary stent (TIBS) for the treatment of distal malignant obstructive jaundice complicated by coagulopathy. Between April 2005 and May 2010, six patients with distal malignant obstructive jaundice associated with coagulopathy that was unable to be corrected underwent TIBS at our institution for the palliation of jaundice. Patients' medical record and imaging results were reviewed to obtain information about demographics, procedure details, complications, and clinical outcomes. The intrahepatic biliary tract was successfully accessed in all six patients via transjugular approach. The procedure was technically successfully in five of six patients, with a bare-metal stent implanted after traversing the biliary strictures. One procedure failed, because the guidewire could not traverse the biliary occlusion. One week after TIBS, the mean serum bilirubin in the five successful cases had decreased from 313 {mu}mol/L (range 203.4-369.3) to 146.2 {mu}mol/L (range 95.8-223.3) and had further decreased to 103.6 {mu}mol/L (range 29.5-240.9) at 1 month after the procedure. No bleeding, sepsis, or other major complications were observed after the procedure. The mean survival of these five patients was 4.5 months (range 1.9-5.8). On imaging follow-up, there was no evidence of stent stenosis or migration, with 100 % primary patency. When the risks of hemorrhage from percutaneous transhepatic cholangiodrainage are high, TIBS may be an effective alternative for the treatment of distal malignant obstructive jaundice.

  6. A rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene: Pubic tubercle fracture complicated with hematoma and acute osteomyelitis

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    Chien-Liang Fang


    Full Text Available The etiologies of Fournier's gangrene are well described into four groups: anorectal, genitourinary, dermatologic, and idiopathic. Here, we present the case of a hematoma and acute osteomyelitis (related to a closed fracture of the pubis, which progressed to Fournier's gangrene 1 month after trauma. A 68-year-old woman was admitted to our emergency department because she had sustained a left side pubic bone fracture from a fall. On her first admission to our emergency department, conservative treatment had been prescribed; however, she was readmitted to our emergency department due to septic shock, local swelling, and pus discharge from the pubis and the left labium majus. A whole abdomen computed tomography scan revealed fluid accumulation in the left suprapubic and perineum region in addition to acute osteomyelitis of the pubis. Acute osteomyelitis-related Fournier's gangrene and sepsis were suspected; hence, she underwent urgent fasciotomy and sequestrectomy. After three rounds of sequestrectomies, partial wound reconstruction with local flap and 24-day hospitalization, she was discharged from our hospital with continuing wound care management. Conservative treatment of closed stable fractures of the pelvic bone along with bed rest is suggested by most orthopedists. However, surgical drainage of hematoma is necessary due to the poor hematoma absorption owing to pelvic fracture. The patient subsequently contracted acute osteomyelitis, a secondary infection associated with the etiology of Fournier's gangrene, particularly in the case of patients with diabetes mellitus. We concluded that this was a rare etiology of Fournier's gangrene and examined the complications of pelvic bone fracture in this context.

  7. Misdiagnosed spontaneous intracranial hypotension complicated by subdural hematoma following lumbar puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Louhab N


    Full Text Available Nissrine Louhab,1 Nawal Adali,1 Mehdi Laghmari,2 Wafae El Hymer,2 Said Ait Ben Ali,2 Najib Kissani11Neurology Department, 2Neurosurgery Department, University Hospital of Mohammed the VIth, Cadi Ayyad University, Marrakech, MoroccoIntroduction: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is an infrequent cause of secondary headache due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF hypovolemia.Objective: To describe a case of headache revealing spontaneous intracranial hypotension complicated by subdural hematoma following lumbar puncture.Observation: A 34-year-old man presented with acute postural headache. The first cerebral computed tomography scan was normal. Lumbar puncture showed hyperproteinorachy at 2 g/L with six lymphocytic cells. The headache became very intense. At admission, clinical examination was normal. Ophthalmological examination did not show any abnormalities. Encephalic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI showed bilateral subdural hematoma with tonsillar descent simulating Chiari type I malformation. After surgical drainage and symptomatic treatment, the patient was discharged with no recurrence.Conclusion: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is associated with simple clinical presentation, orthostatic headache, and characteristic MRI findings. Misdiagnosed, it leads to unnecessary procedures.Keywords: intracranial hypotension, headache, magnetic resonance imaging

  8. Endovascular Management of Refractory Hepatic Encephalopathy Complication of Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS): Comprehensive Review and Clinical Practice Algorithm

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    Pereira, Keith, E-mail: [Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (United States); Carrion, Andres F., E-mail: [Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami Hospital, Department of Hepatology (United States); Salsamendi, Jason, E-mail:; Doshi, Mehul, E-mail:; Baker, Reginald, E-mail:; Kably, Issam, E-mail: [Jackson Memorial Hospital/University of Miami Hospital, Department of Interventional Radiology (United States)


    Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has evolved as an effective intervention for treatment of complications of portal hypertension. The use of polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stents have improved the patency of the shunts and diminished the incidence of TIPS dysfunction. However, TIPS-related refractory hepatic encephalopathy (rHE) poses a significant challenge. Approximately 3–7 % of patients with TIPS develop rHE. Refractory hepatic encephalopathy is defined as a recurrent or persistent encephalopathy despite appropriate medical treatment. Hepatic encephalopathy can be an extremely debilitating complication that profoundly affects quality of life. The approach to management of patients with rHE is complex and typically requires collaboration between different specialties. Liver transplantation is the ultimate treatment for rHE; however, the ongoing shortage of organ donation markedly limits this treatment option. Alternative therapies such as shunt occlusion or reduction can control symptoms and serve as a ‘bridge’ therapy to liver transplantation. Therefore, interventional radiologists play a key role in the management of these patients by offering a variety of endovascular techniques. The purpose of this review is to highlight some of these endovascular techniques and to develop a therapeutic algorithm that can be applied in clinical practice for the management of rHE.

  9. Electrode displacement after intracerebral hematoma as a complication of a deep brain stimulation procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domenico Servello


    Full Text Available Domenico Servello1, Marco Sassi1, Stefano Bastianello2, Guy Umberto Poloni2, Francesca Mancini3, Claudio Pacchetti31Functional Neurosurgery Unit, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Galeazzi, Milan, Italy; 2Neuroradiology Unit; 3Parkinson Disease and Movement Disorder Unit, Istituto di Ricovero e Cura a Carattere Scientifico Mondino, Institute of Neurology, Pavia, Italy Objectives: Deep brain stimulation (DBS is nowadays considered a safe and effective procedure for various movement disorders in which conservative treatments have failed to show significant therapeutic results. One of the most common complications of definitive electrode positioning is intraparenchymal hemorrhage.Materials and methods: Authors report the case of a 55-year-old female patient treated for Parkinson’s disease in which intraparenchymal hemorrhage developed after DBS procedure, leading to significant (about 8 mm at the neuroradiological controls displacement of an otherwise correctly positioned DBS electrode.Results: After conservative management, the hematoma spontaneously resolved. Late neuroradiological controls documented correct, symmetrically positioned electrodes, comparable to the immediate postoperative controls.Conclusions: Six months follow-up endpoint results of the DBS treatment were considered satisfying by an independent neurologist, with modest residual neurological deficits, demonstrating that re-positioning of the electrode was unnecessary in this rare complication.Keywords: deep brain stimulation, electrodes, outcomes, implant, case report

  10. Massive retroperitoneal hematoma as a complication of anticoagulation therapy in a patient treated in a pulmonary intensive care unit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stjepanović Mihailo


    Full Text Available Introduction. Retroperitoneal hematoma may occur as a result of trauma, but also from rupture of arterial aneurysms (aortic or iliac, surgical complications, tumors or anticoagulation therapy. Case report. We presented a patient on permanent anticoagulation therapy. On the day of admission to our institution, the patient had the value of his INR 5.57 which required immediate suspension of the therapy. The main symptom in this patient was pain in the right inguinal canal with propagation along the right leg, which was indicated in clinical picture of spontaneous retroperitoneal haematoma. After three days the fall of hemoglobin occurred, so the additonal diagnostics was done. A computed tomography of the abdomen was performed showing well limited, large retroperitoneal hematoma (213 x 79 x 91 mm. Transfusion of concentrated red blood cells was performed twice with satisfactory correction of hemoglobin level, and four units of fresh frozen plasma. The patient was hemodynamically stabilized and discharged after a two-month long intensive care unit treatment, with the advice to use low-molecular weight heparin 2 x 0.4 mg subcutaneusly, due to persistent arrhythmia. Conclusion. In patients on anti-coagulation therapy regular monitoring of the anticoagulant status is extremely important, because of the possibility of fatal complications development, such as retroperitoneal hematoma.

  11. Comparison of complications between transjugular and axillosubclavian approach for placement of tunneled, central venous catheters in patients with hematological malignancy: a prospective study

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    Lee, Sang Hoon; Hahn, Seong Tai [Catholic University of Korea, Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea)


    This study was designed to compare the incidence of mechanical, thrombotic and infective complications in transjugular (IJV) and axillosubclavian (SCV) central venous catheters (CVC) in patients with hematological malignancy. In a prospective observational trial, 131 consecutive patients were classified into two groups: Group A included those with IJV catheter insertions under sonography guidance (n=61) and group B included those with SCV insertions under venography guidance (n=70). After catheter placement, patients were prospectively acquired and recorded to obtain the following data: success rates, total catheter days, and complication episodes per 100 catheter days. All procedures were technically successful. Total catheter days were 7800 (group A) versus 8391(group B). Mechanical complications were observed in three cases from group A and 11 from group B, with an incidence rate of 0.04 per 100 catheter days versus 0.13 (P=0.043), respectively. Two symptomatic thrombotic complications were observed in group B. The number of infective complications was not significantly different between the two groups (P=0.312). There was no difference in infective complication incidence between the two groups. To minimize catheter-related mechanical and thrombotic complications, however, the IJV approach is superior to the SCV approach. (orig.)

  12. Suprarrenal hematoma Hematoma suprarrenal


    Concepción Guardo B.; José Sequeda M.


    Neonatal asymptomatic suprarrenal hemorrhage is relatively frequent; sometimes it is detected only after resolution when a calcification is found; symptomatic forms are rare; most times hemorrhage and hematoma are due to an obstetric trauma and are related to macrosomia, breech presentation, maternal diabetes and neonatal hypoxia. Clinical picture is characterized by abdominal mass and anemia; diagnosis is confirmed by imagenology. Two patients with suprarrenal hematoma from the University Ho...

  13. Suprarrenal hematoma Hematoma suprarrenal

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    Concepción Guardo B.


    Full Text Available Neonatal asymptomatic suprarrenal hemorrhage is relatively frequent; sometimes it is detected only after resolution when a calcification is found; symptomatic forms are rare; most times hemorrhage and hematoma are due to an obstetric trauma and are related to macrosomia, breech presentation, maternal diabetes and neonatal hypoxia. Clinical picture is characterized by abdominal mass and anemia; diagnosis is confirmed by imagenology. Two patients with suprarrenal hematoma from the University Hospital at Cartagena, Colombia, are presented. Both were related with traumatic delivery and cephalohematoma; one of them had oral and gastric bleeding and the othersuffered hematoma infection; diagnosis was done with abdominal ecography and CAT. Both patients recovered with medical treatment. La hemorragia suprarrenal asintomática del neonato es relativamente frecuente y muchas veces se detecta como una calcificación local después de que se resuelve el hematoma. La forma sintomática es rara y, a menudo, se debe a un trauma obstétrico relacionado con la macrosomía fetal, la presentación podálica, la diabetes materna o la hipoxia perinatal. Las manifestaciones clínicas son, principalmente, una masa abdominal y anemia importante; el diagnóstico se confirma con la imaginología. Se presentan dos casos de hematoma suprarrenal derecho tratados en el Hospital Universitario de Cartagena, ambos relacionados con un parto traumático y acompañados de cefalohematomas; uno de ellos presentó sangrado gastrointestinal alto y el otro infección del hematoma suprarrenal. El diagnóstico se comprobó con la ecografía abdominal y se verificó con la tomografía. El tratamiento fue médico y no se requirió cirugía a pesar de la anemia severa que presentó uno de los pacientes.

  14. Transvenous embolization of a carotid cavernous fistula complicated by a hematoma at the tentorial edge. (United States)

    Baharvahdat, Humain; Shabestari, Mahmoud M; Zabihyan, Samira; Etemadresaei, Hamid; Blanc, Raphäel; Piotin, Michel


    Indirect (dural) carotid cavernous fistulae are generally treated by endovascular surgery primary transvenous embolization that is safe and effective. We describe here a case of a left indirect carotid cavernous fistula that presented with proptosis and eye redness. The patient underwent transvenous embolization of carotid cavernous sinus. The procedure was complicated by a haemorrhage from the cavernous sinus. The post procedural CT scan showed a haematoma at the tentorial edge. Precise diagnosis and prompt treatment could prevent severe complications.

  15. Transjugular liver biopsy: indications, technique and results. (United States)

    Dohan, A; Guerrache, Y; Boudiaf, M; Gavini, J-P; Kaci, R; Soyer, P


    Transjugular liver biopsy is a safe, effective and well-tolerated technique to obtain liver tissue specimens in patients with diffuse liver disease associated with severe coagulopathies or massive ascites. Transjugular liver biopsy is almost always feasible. The use of ultrasonographic guidance for percutaneous puncture of the right internal jugular vein is recommended to decrease the incidence of local cervical minor complications. Semiautomated biopsy devices are very effective in obtaining optimal tissue samples for a precise and definite histological diagnosis with a very low rate of complication. The relative limitations of transjugular liver biopsy are the cost, the radiation dose given to the patient, the increased procedure time by comparison with the more common percutaneous liver biopsy, and the need of a well-trained interventional radiologist. Copyright © 2013 Éditions françaises de radiologie. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  16. Orbital compression syndrome complicated by epidural hematoma and wide cephalohematoma in a patient with sickle cell disease. (United States)

    Ilhan, Nilufer; Acipayam, Can; Aydogan, Fusun; Atci, Nesrin; Ilhan, Ozgur; Coskun, Mesut; Daglioglu, Mutlu Cihan; Tuzcu, Esra Ayhan


    Orbital wall infarctions resulting in orbital and epidural hematomas are rare manifestations of sickle cell disease (SCD). We report orbital compression syndrome associated with an epidural hematoma and wide cephalohematoma in a 15-year-old boy with SCD. An infarcted orbital bone was observed on magnetic resonance imaging and three-phase bone scintigraphy with Technetium-99m methylene diphosphonate. The patient recovered completely without surgical intervention at the end of the fourth week. Prompt diagnosis and proper management are critical for complete recovery. Copyright © 2014 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Emergent Median Sternotomy for Mediastinal Hematoma: A Rare Complication following Internal Jugular Vein Catheterization for Chemoport Insertion—A Case Report and Review of Relevant Literature

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    Saptarshi Biswas


    Full Text Available Mediastinal hematoma is a rare complication following insertion of a central venous catheter with only few cases reported in the English literature. We report a case of a 71-year-old female who was admitted for elective chemoport placement. USG guided right internal jugular access was attempted using the Seldinger technique. Resistance was met while threading the guidewire. USG showed a chronic clot burden in the RIJ. A microvascular access was established under fluoroscopic guidance. Rest of the procedure was completed without any further issues. Following extubation, the patient complained of right-sided chest pain radiating to the back. Chest X-ray revealed a contained white out in the right upper lung field. She became hemodynamically unstable. Repeated X-ray showed progression of the hematoma. Median Sternotomy showed posterior mediastinal hematoma tracking into right pleural cavity. Active bleeding from the puncture site at RIJ-SCL junction was repaired. Patient had an uneventful recovery. Injury to the central venous system is the result of either penetrating trauma or iatrogenic causes as in our case. A possible explanation of our complication may be attributed to the forced manipulation of the dilator or guidewire against resistance. Clavicle and sternum offer bony protection to the underlying vital venous structures and injuries often need sternotomy with or without neck extension. Division of the clavicle and disarticulation of the sternoclavicular joint may be required for optimum exposure. Meticulous surgical technique, knowledge of the possible complications, and close monitoring in the postprocedural period are of utmost importance. Chest X-ray showed to be routinely done to detect any complication early.

  18. Hematoma subdural de medula espinhal associada ao uso de anticoagulante oral Hematoma subdural de la médula espinal asociado al uso de anticoagulante oral Spine subdural hematoma: a rare complication associated with vitamin K antagonist (VKA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uri Adrian Prync Flato


    Full Text Available O hematoma subdural de medula espinhal (HSDME é uma complicação rara decorrente do uso de antagonistas de vitamina K (AVK e de diagnostico difícil. Este artigo apresenta um caso com complicação ameaçadora à vida: um paciente octogenário portador de fibrilação atrial de início recente em uso de AVK. A história e o exame físico inicialmente se apresentavam normais, associados com a elevação dos valores de coagulograma supraterapêuticos (INR > 10. Após 24 horas da admissão hospitalar, o paciente apresentou tetraparesia progressiva, evidenciando na ressonância nuclear magnética (RNM de medula espinhal um HSDME (Figura 1. Após reversão completa da hipocoagulação e intervenção neurocirúrgica o paciente obteve melhora do quadro neurológico.El hematoma subdural espinal (HSE es una complicación rara proveniente del uso de antagonistas de vitamina K (AVK y de diagnostico difícil. Este artículo presenta un caso con complicación amenazadora para la vida: un paciente octogenario portador de fibrilación auricular de inicio reciente, en uso de AVK. Inicialmente, la historia y el examen físico se presentaban normales, asociados a la elevación de los valores de coagulograma supra terapéuticos (INR > 10. Tras 24 horas del ingreso hospitalario, el paciente presentó tetraparesia progresiva. Al realizarse una resonancia nuclear magnética (RNM de médula espinal, se evidenció un HSE (Figura 1. Tras reversión completa de la hipocoagulación e intervención neuroquirúrgica el paciente obtuvo mejora del cuadro neurológico.Spinal subdural hematoma (SSDH is a rare condition, which is difficult to diagnose, related to Vitamin K Antagonist. This a case report of a life-threatening situation in a octogenarian patient with a history of recent atrial fibrillation that received K-Vitamin Antagonist (KVA therapy. The history and the clinical assessment were normal at the admission, associated with increase in the coagulation parameters

  19. Complications following large-volume epidural blood patches for postdural puncture headache. Lumbar subdural hematoma and arachnoiditis: initial cause or final effect? (United States)

    Riley, Cara A; Spiegel, Joan E


    Significant complications following large-volume epidural blood patches (LEBPs) in two parturients following LEBP for postdural puncture headache are reported. A 39-year-old woman developed a spinal subdural hematoma causing both lumbar back and radicular pain following a single LEBP using 58 mL of blood. The second case was a 33-year-old woman who received three LEBPs over a 4-day period totaling 165 mL of blood. She developed arachnoiditis and chronic sacral radiculopathy with resolution 4 months later.

  20. Epidural hematoma (United States)

    ... belts). Follow safety precautions at work and in sports and recreation. For example, do not dive into water if the water depth is unknown or if rocks may be present. Alternative Names Extradural hematoma; Extradural hemorrhage; Epidural hemorrhage; EDH ...

  1. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... What are the limitations of TIPS? What is a Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)? A transjugular intrahepatic ... code: Phone no: Thank you! Do you have a personal story about radiology? Share your patient story ...

  2. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... risks? What are the limitations of TIPS? What is a Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)? A transjugular intrahepatic ... top of page What are some common uses of the procedure? A TIPS is used to treat ...

  3. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... What are the limitations of TIPS? What is a Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)? A transjugular intrahepatic ... of page What are some common uses of the procedure? A TIPS is used to treat the ...

  4. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... What are the limitations of TIPS? What is a Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)? A transjugular intrahepatic ... taking our brief survey: Survey Do you have a personal story about radiology? Share your patient story ...

  5. Transjugular preoperative portal embolization (TJPE) a pilot study. (United States)

    Perarnau, Jean-Marc; Daradkeh, Salam; Johann, Marc; Deneuville, Michele; Weinling, Pierre; Coniel, Claudine


    Because of our previous experience with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, we decided to apply the transjugular approach to preoperative portal embolization. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the feasibility and the potential advantages and disadvantages of this new method. Under ultrasound guidance the right or left portal branch was punctured from the right, median or left hepatic vein. Then, a catheter was placed near the portal bifurcation and used to perform right portal branch embolization with a mixture of Histoacryl and Lipiodol. Pre- and post-transjugular preoperative portal embolization duplex ultrasound and CT scan were performed to assess portal flow and liver tissue growth. Hospital stay, pain and hepatic enzymes were monitored. Fifteen patients underwent a transjugular preoperative portal embolization without any serious complication. Mean of hospital stay was 3.3 +/- 0.6 days. (2-5 days). Portal embolization was successful in all cases; left portal branch velocity increased from 11.8 +/- 7.5 cm/s before, to 16.5 +/- 3.5 cm/s on day one, and 14.8 +/- 3.3 cm/s on day 28 after transjugular preoperative portal embolization; volume of non-embolized segments increased by 10% within the 4 weeks after transjugular preoperative portal embolization. Right hepatectomy was possible in 12 patients This method is safe, painless, and can be proposed in cases of impossibility to perform the standard percutaneous transhepatic portal embolization (tumor interposition, impaired hemostasis).

  6. Subdural hematoma (United States)

    ... such as from falls Very young or very old age In infants and young children, a subdural hematoma ... the brain severe enough to cause coma and death) Persistent symptoms such as memory loss, dizziness , headache , anxiety , and difficulty concentrating Seizures Short-term or permanent ...

  7. Intramural duodenal hematoma as a complication of therapy with Warfarin: a case report and literature review; Hematoma intramural duodenal como complicacao de terapia anticoagulante com Warfarin: relato de caso e revisao da literatura

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    Faria, Juliano [Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), SP (Brazil). Dept. de Diagnostico por Imagem]. E-mail:; Pessoa, Roberta; Hudson, Marcelo; Vitoi, Silvio; Villela, Ovidio; Torres, Jose; Paula, Mara Delgado [Hospital Marcio Cunha, Ipatinga, MG (Brazil). Servico de Diagnostico por Imagem; Bemvindo, Aloisio [Hospital Marcio Cunha, Ipatinga, MG (Brazil). Servico de Terapia Intensiva


    We report a case of a patient receiving chronic oral anticoagulant therapy with Warfarin who presented with acute intestinal obstruction. Computed tomography showed intramural duodenal hematoma. Treatment was conservative with correction of the coagulation parameters and observation. This case exemplifies the usefulness of conservative therapy and computed tomography in patients with acute small bowel obstruction receiving anticoagulant therapy. (author)

  8. Intrafascial hematoma of the musculus rectus abdominis as a complication after laparoscopic operations; Intrafasziale Haematome des Musculus rectus abdominis als Komplikation nach laparoskopischen Operationen

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    Pennekamp, W. [Radiologische Universitaetsklinik am St. Josef-Hospital, Bochum (Germany); Barbera, L. [Chirurgische Universitaetsklinik am St. Josef-Hospital, Bochum (Germany)


    We report on two patients with intrafascial hematoma of the musculus rectus abdominis following laparoscopic operations. One patient was operated on a stenosis of the common iliac artery for an aortofemoral bypass. The other patient was operated on an inguinal hernia. Only a CT scan of the abdomen led to the correct diagnosis, because the use of ultrasound was limited by pneumoperitoneum and bandages, and retroperitoneal bleeding could not be recognized. Computed tomography is a valid method for detecting this complication of laparoscopic surgery. (orig.) [Deutsch] Es wird ueber zwei Patienten berichtet, die nach einer laparoskopischen Operation ein intrafasziales Haematom des Musculus rectus abdominis entwickelten. Bei einem Patienten wurde laparoskopisch ein aortofemoraler Bypass bei hochgradiger A.-iliaca-communis-Stenose, bei dem anderen Patienten ein laparoskopischer Bruchlueckenverschluss bei einer Inguinalhernie durchgefuehrt. Erst die Computertomographie des Abdomens fuehrte in beiden Faellen zur richtigen Diagnose, da Ultraschall aufgrund des Pneumoperitoneous und der Verbandsmaterialien nur bedingt einsetzbar war und retroperitoneale Blutungsansteile nicht erkannt werden konnten. Der Stellenwert der Computertomographie zur Erkennung dieser Komplikation wird hervorgehoben. (orig.)

  9. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... Images/Videos About Us News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt or TIPS is a procedure that uses imaging guidance to connect the portal vein to the hepatic vein in the liver. ...

  10. Chronic subdural hematomas caused by vibrating Chinese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. We present two middle aged Nigerian patients who developed significant chronic subdural hematomas weeks after going on vibrating Chinese massage chairs. This complication of using the chairs has not been previously reported.

  11. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... Plan to stay overnight at the hospital for one or more days. What is Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic ... from the digestive organs to the liver) to one of the hepatic veins (three veins that carry ...

  12. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or blood thinners several days prior to your procedure and instructed to not ... overnight at the hospital for one or more days. What is Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)? What ...

  13. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... bear denotes child-specific content. Related Articles and Media Radiation Dose in X-Ray and CT Exams Contrast Materials Venography Images related to Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic ...

  14. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... complex and lengthy procedures requiring extended fluoroscopy use) death (rare) top of page What are the limitations ... Dose in X-Ray and CT Exams Contrast Materials Venography Images related to Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt ( ...

  15. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... vs. risks? What are the limitations of TIPS? What is a Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)? A ... likely to require a TIPS. top of page What are some common uses of the procedure? A ...

  16. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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  18. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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  19. A Rare Cause of Subgaleal Hematoma in Children: Hair Pulling

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    Anıl Er


    Full Text Available Subgaleal hematoma is defined as blood collection within the loose areolar tissue of the scalp. The major cause of subgaleal hematoma in children is minor head trauma. It is characterized by diffuse scalp swelling crossing the suture lines which usually results in spontaneous recovery. Underlying coagulopathy should be evaluated in case of subgaleal hematoma after a trivial trauma. Another consideration for physicians, who face with a case of subgaleal hematoma, is complications such as proptosis, keratitis, and even airway compromise as a life-threatening event. Here, we present a case of uneventfully resolved subgaleal hematoma related with hair pulling.

  20. Spontaneous intracranial epidural hematoma during rivaroxaban treatment

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    Ruschel, Leonardo Gilmone; Rego, Felipe Marques Monteiro do; Milano, Jeronimo Buzetti; Jung, Gustavo Simiano; Silva Junior, Luis Fernando; Ramina, Ricardo, E-mail: [Instituto de Neurologia de Curitiba (INC), Curitiba, PR (Brazil)


    According to our research, this is the first case described in the literature of spontaneous intracranial epidural hematoma secondary to the use of Xarelto®. Spontaneous intracranial epidural hematomas are rarely described in the literature. They are associated with infectious diseases of the skull, coagulation disorders, vascular malformations of the dura mater and metastasis to the skull. Long-term post-marketing monitoring and independent reports will probably detect the full spectrum of hemorrhagic complications of the use of rivaroxaban. (author)

  1. Interventricular septum hematoma during cineventriculography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melzer Christoph


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Intraseptal hematoma and subsequent myocardial infarction due to accidental contrast agent deposition complicating diagnostic cineventriculography is a previously undescribed complication of angiography. Case presentation A 61 year old man was admitted at intensive care unit because of unstable angina pectoris 1 hour after coronary angiography. Transthoracic contrast echocardiography showed a non-perfused area in the middle of interventricular septum with an increase of thickening up to 26 mm. Review of cineventriculography revealed contrast enhancement in the interventricular septum after contrast medium injection and a dislocation of the pigtail catheter tip. Follow up by echocardiography and MRI showed, that intramural hematoma has resolved after 6 weeks. After 8 weeks successful stent implantation in LAD was performed and after 6 month the patient had a normal LV-function without ischemic signs or septal thickening demonstrated by stressechocardiography. Conclusion A safe and mobile position of the pigtail catheter during ventriculography in the middle of the LV cavity should be ensured to avoid this potentially life-threatening complication. For assessment and absolute measurement of intramural hematoma contrast-enhanced echocardiography is more feasible than MRI and makes interchangeable results.

  2. Minilaparotomy-Assisted Transmesenteric-Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt: Comparison with Conventional Transjugular Approach

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    Jalaeian, Hamed, E-mail:; Talaie, Reza; D’Souza, Donna; Taleb, Shayandokht [University of Minnesota, Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States); Noorbaloochi, Siamak [University of Minnesota, School of Medicine (United States); Flanagan, Siobhan; Hunter, David; Golzarian, Jafar [University of Minnesota, Division of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States)


    PurposeThis study was performed to compare the intrahepatic shunt function outcome and procedural complications of minilaparotomy-assisted transmesenteric (MAT)-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement with the conventional transjugular method.MethodsThis is a retrospective review of all patients who had a MAT or conventional TIPS procedure over a 6-year period at our institute. The primary patency rate, fluoroscopy time, technical success, major procedure-related complications, and mortality data were compared between two treatment groups.ResultsWe included 49 patients with MAT-TIPS, and 63 with conventional TIPS, with an average follow-up of 21.43 months. The primary patency rates at 6 and 12 months were 82.9 and 66.7 % in the conventional TIPS group, and 81.0 and 76.5 % in the MAT-TIPS group (p = 1.000, and 0.529), respectively. There was no significant difference in technical success rate, post-procedure portosystemic pressure gradient, fluoroscopy time, and peri-procedural mortality rate between treatment groups. Major procedural-related complications were seen more frequently among MAT-TIPS patients (p = 0.012). In the MAT-TIPS group, 5 (10.2 %) patients developed post-procedure minilaparotomy, wound-related complications, and 5 (10.2 %) developed bacterial peritonitis; whereas, none of patients with conventional TIPS had either of these complications (p = 0.014).ConclusionWhile both MAT-TIPS and conventional TIPS had similar shunt primary patency rate and technical success rate, the MAT approach was associated with a significantly higher rate of minilaparotomy-related wound complications or infectious complications. These complications maybe prevented by a change in post-procedure monitoring and therapy.

  3. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Toggle navigation Test/Treatment Patient Type Screening/Wellness Disease/Condition Safety En Español More Info Images/Videos About Us News Physician Resources Professions Site Index A-Z Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt ( ...

  4. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... Plan to stay overnight at the hospital for one or more days. What is Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)? What are some common uses of the procedure? How should I prepare? What does the equipment look like? How does the procedure work? How is the procedure performed? What will I ...

  5. Idiopathic Retroperitoneal Hematoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomoyuki Abe


    Full Text Available A 34-year-old female presented with sudden onset of severe abdominal pain in a flank distribution. A large mass was palpable in the right upper quadrant on physical examination. Abdominal contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed a well-defined, right-sided, retroperitoneal cystic lesion located between the abdominal aorta and the inferior vena cava (IVC. The tumor size was 55 × 58 mm, and it compressed the gallbladder and the duodenum. Upper gastrointestinal radiography revealed a stricture of the second portion of the duodenum by the tumor. T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging showed that the whole part was hyperintense with hypointense rims, but the inner was partially hypointense. Based on the radiological findings, the preoperative differential diagnosis included retroperitoneal teratoma, Schwannoma, abscess, and primary retroperitoneal tumor. On laparotomy, the tumor was located in the right retroperitoneal cavity. Kocher maneuver and medial visceral rotation, which consists of medial reflection of the upper part of right colon and duodenum by incising their lateral peritoneal attachments, were performed. Although a slight adhesion to the IVC was detected, the tumor was removed safely. Thin-section histopathology examination detected neither tumor tissues nor any tissues such as adrenal gland, ovarian tissue, or endometrial implants. The final pathological diagnosis was idiopathic retroperitoneal hematoma; the origin of the bleeding was unclear. The patient was discharged without any complication 5 days after the operation.

  6. Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hematoma: A Rare Devastating ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Spontaneous Retroperitoneal Hematoma: A Rare Devastating. Clinical Entity of a Pleiada of Less Common Origins. Definition of Wunderlich syndrome, also known as spontaneous retroperitoneal hemorrhage. (SRH), was first given in 1700 by ... of SRH as a complication of tumors, however, is low. In renal cell carcinoma, ...

  7. Large coronary intramural hematomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Antonsen, Lisbeth; Thayssen, Per; Jensen, Lisette Okkels


    . Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) is an important diagnostic tool in establishing the correct diagnosis, as it provides a complete vessel wall assessment, and enables morphometric information regarding the magnitude and severity of the underlying hematoma. Due to the rarity of this clinical scenario...

  8. Bilateral chronic subdural hematoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen-Ranberg, Nina Christine; Rom Poulsen, Frantz; Bergholt, Bo


    OBJECTIVE Bilateral chronic subdural hematoma (bCSDH) is a common neurosurgical condition frequently associated with the need for retreatment. The reason for the high rate of retreatment has not been thoroughly investigated. Thus, the authors focused on determining which independent predictors ar...

  9. Idiopathic Retroperitoneal Hematoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the early stages it typically presents as generalized abdominal pain, nausea, anorexia. The symptoms and signs of hypovolemic shock normally present late. As management of idiopathic retroperitoneal hematoma is usually conservative, early diagnosis can save the patient an unnecessary exploration. This will improve.

  10. Intramural esophagic hematoma secondary to coumarinic anticoagulation: a case report (United States)


    Esophagic Intramural Hematoma is an uncommon clinical condition, with a prognosis which is essentially benign. On most cases, a predisposing or precipitating factor may be seen, with the most common ones being the history of esophagic instrumentation, food impactations and thrombocytopenia. In the following manuscript, the authors present the case of a 54-years-old male with history of valve replacement surgery, who was treated at the Clinica Cardiovascular (Medellin, Colombia), with a clinical case of Intramural Esophagic Hematoma that was later confirmed to be due to a Coumarinic overanticoagulation. On this case, it is evidenced that Intramural Esophagic Hematoma is an unrecognized complication of Courmarinic anticoagulation therapy. PMID:20069068

  11. Warfarin induced sublingual hematoma: a Ludwig angina mimic. (United States)

    Pathak, Ranjan; Supplee, Suzanne; Aryal, Madan Raj; Karmacharya, Paras


    Sublingual hematoma is a rare but life-threatening complication of oral anticoagulants. It is important to differentiate this from infectious processes like Ludwig's angina. Securing the airway should be a priority and immediate reversal of anticoagulation with close monitoring is required. We present a case of sublingual hematoma secondary to warfarin therapy without airway compromise which was managed conservatively with reversal of INR with oral vitamin K. Although rare, it is crucial to differentiate sublingual hematomas from infectious processes. Reversal of anticoagulation with low threshold for artificial airway placement in the event of airway compromise is the treatment of choice. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Transjugular liver biopsy in severe alcoholic hepatitis. (United States)

    Shetty, Shiran; Venkatakrishnan, L; Krishanveni, J; Kumari, Shantha


    Alcoholic hepatitis and cirrhosis although part of spectrum of alcoholic liver disease can have overlapping features, and differentiating them using clinical, biochemical, and imaging features is not always possible. Standard therapy for each differs, and steroid therapy while beneficial in alcoholic hepatitis may be detrimental in cirrhosis due to high infectious complications. We analyzed our experience with liver biopsy in patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. Male patients in the age group of 25-65 years who were clinically diagnosed with severe alcoholic hepatitis (DF > 32) were retrospectively analyzed and included in this study. All of them had undergone transjugular liver biopsy within the first 7 days of hospitalization. Thirty patients were included. Most were in the 35-55 age group. Jaundice was present in all patients with fever and tender hepatomegaly also being common. On histopathological evaluation, 33.3% (n = 10) suspected clinically to have alcoholic hepatitis had underlying cirrhosis. Cirrhosis is found in one third of patients with severe alcoholic hepatitis. This may alter our approach to management of this condition.

  13. A case of acute spinal intradural hematoma due to spinal anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josué M. Avecillas-Chasín


    Full Text Available Spinal intradural hematoma is a rare complication of diagnostic lumbar puncture or spinal anesthesia. This complication could be overlooked with devastating neurological consequences due to a delay in diagnosis. Here, we reported a case of a patient with a lumbar spinal intradural hematoma as a result of a difficult spinal anesthesia.

  14. Subdural Hematoma in Grave’s Disease Induced Thrombocytopenia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Kumar


    Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SDH usually occurs secondary to trauma, in bleeding disorders it may occur spontaneously. It is a rare complication of immune thrombocytopenia. Here we report a case of 45 years female presenting with presenting with complaints of headache, palpitation and menorrhagia and later diagnosed to be a case of Grave's disease with thrombocytopenia with sub dural hematoma. No such case reports are available in literature.

  15. Expanding refractory rectus sheath hematoma: a therapeutic dilemma. (United States)

    Tseng, Guo-Shiang; Liau, Guo-Shiou; Shyu, Hann-Yeh; Chu, Shi-Jye; Ko, Fu-Chang; Wu, Kuo-An


    Rectus sheath hematoma is an uncommon but well-described complication of a tussive paroxysm. It is an accumulation of blood within the sheath of the rectus abdominis secondary to disruption of the epigastric vessels or the rectus muscle and is often misdiagnosed as acute abdomen. Increases in the number of elderly patients and the use of therapeutic anticoagulation may increase the prevalence and severity of rectus sheath hematomas encountered in clinical practice. Expanding rectus sheath hematomas are occasionally refractory to conservative treatment and may require hemostatic intervention. Here, we describe the case of an 87-year-old woman who presented with two separate rectus sheath hematomas that were precipitated by a paroxysm of coughing. Repeated computed tomography showed two separate expanding rectus sheath hematomas, which were not accompanied by obvious contrast extravasation on angiography. Empiric left inferior epigastric artery embolization resulted in rapid hemodynamic stabilization, and the hematomas shrank gradually. Early empiric transcatheter arterial embolization may be appropriate for patients who are poor surgical candidates and have enlarging hematomas that are refractory to conservative treatment.

  16. Black Hole Sign: Novel Imaging Marker That Predicts Hematoma Growth in Patients With Intracerebral Hemorrhage. (United States)

    Li, Qi; Zhang, Gang; Xiong, Xin; Wang, Xing-Chen; Yang, Wen-Song; Li, Ke-Wei; Wei, Xiao; Xie, Peng


    Early hematoma growth is a devastating neurological complication after intracerebral hemorrhage. We aim to report and evaluate the usefulness of computed tomography (CT) black hole sign in predicting hematoma growth in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage were screened for the presence of CT black hole sign on admission head CT performed within 6 hours after onset of symptoms. The black hole sign was defined as hypoattenuatting area encapsulated within the hyperattenuating hematoma with a clearly defined border. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of CT black hole sign in predicting hematoma expansion were calculated. Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the presence of the black hole sign and early hematoma growth. A total of 206 patients were enrolled. Black hole sign was found in 30 (14.6%) of 206 patients on the baseline CT scan. The black hole sign was more common in patients with hematoma growth (31.9%) than those without hematoma growth (5.8%; Phole sign in predicting early hematoma growth were 31.9%, 94.1%, 73.3%, and 73.2%, respectively. The time-to-admission CT scan, baseline hematoma volume, and the presence of black hole sign on admission CT independently predict hematoma growth in multivariate model. The CT black hole sign could be used as a simple and easy-to-use predictor for early hematoma growth in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  17. Hematoma subcapsular por Fasciolasis




    Presentamos el caso de una paciente de sexo femenino de 60 años de edad, ingresada en nuestro centro hospitalario por cuadro agudo de dolor abdominal en hipocondrio derecho asociado a vómitos y fiebre. Destaca la presencia de leucocitosis con eosinofilia de 56%. La tomografía computanzada abdominal muestra una colección subcapsular hepática. Durante su evolución presenta abdomen agudo, realizándose una laparoscopía exploratoria que confirma un hematoma subcapsular con presencia de hemopentone...

  18. Bilateral Symmetrical Parietal Extradural Hematoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    left parietal trephine craniotomy was performed (to decompress dominant cerebral hemisphere and no fracture) and without disturbing the blood clot, left trephine craniotomy was performed and both hematomas were exposed. Hematomas were evacuated left followed by right and the bleeding from meningeal arteries was.

  19. Sickle cell disease with orbital infarction and epidural hematoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naran, A.D.; Fontana, L. [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY (United States)


    Although bone infarction is a common feature in sickle cell disease, the involvement of the orbit is an unusual complication. Intracranial bleeding is another uncommon and serious complication. Few cases of orbital infarction alone have been reported. We report imaging findings (CT, bone scan, MRI) in a 16-year-old boy with sickle cell disease with orbital infarction and epidural hematoma. The precise cause of epidural hematoma is not well known, but it is probably related to vaso-occlusive episodes and the tearing of small vessels. (orig.)

  20. Thyroid Gland Hematoma After Blunt Neck Trauma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saylam, Baris


    Full Text Available Hemorrhage of a previously normal thyroid gland as a result of blunt trauma is a very rare condition. We report a case of blunt trauma that caused acute hemorrhage into the thyroid gland and presented with hoarseness. The diagnosis of thyroid gland hematoma was made with a combination of fiberoptic laryngoscopy, cervical computed tomography, and carotid angiography. The patient was treated conservatively, had a favorable course without further complications, and was discharged four days after admission.[West J Emerg Med. 2009;10(4:247-249.

  1. Clinical Observation of Treatment of Chronic Subdural Hematoma With Novel Double Needle Minimally Invasive Aspiration Technology. (United States)

    Wan, Yi; Fei, Xifeng; Jiang, Dongyi; Chen, Hanchun; Shi, Lei; Wang, Zhimin


    The aim of the present study was to explore the clinical effects, including the prevention of complications, of the treatment of chronic subdural hematoma with double needle aspiration. The clinical data of 31 patients with chronic subdural hematoma treated by double YL-1 needle double skull drilling and 31 controls treated by traditional drilling and drainage were analyzed retrospectively. In the YL-1 needle group, only 1 patient was with hematoma recurrence, 1 patient was with intracranial pneumocephalus, and the remaining patients who were followed up for 3 months achieved a clinical cure. In the traditional drilling and drainage group, 13 patients were with hematoma recurrence within 3 months after the operation and 7 patients were with postoperative intracranial pneumocephalus. The method of double YL-1 needle is better than the traditional drilling and drainage method for the treatment of chronic subdural hematoma because it reduces the postoperative recurrence rate and complications.

  2. Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinodan Paramanathan


    Full Text Available Vinodan Paramanathan, Ardalan ZolnourianQueen's Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Burton on Trent, Staffordshire DE13 0RB, UKAbstract: Spontaneous intraorbital hematoma is an uncommon clinical entity seen in ophthalmology practice. It is poorly represented in the literature. Current evidence attributes it to orbital trauma, neoplasm, vascular malformations, acute sinusitis, and systemic abnormalities. A 65-year-old female presented with spontaneous intraorbital hematoma manifesting as severe ocular pains, eyelid edema, proptosis, and diplopia, without a history of trauma. Computer tomography demonstrated a fairly well defined extraconal lesion with opacification of the paranasal sinuses. The principal differential based on all findings was that of a spreading sinus infection and an extraconal tumor. An unprecedented finding of a spontaneous orbital hematoma was discovered when the patient was taken to theater. We discuss the rarity of this condition and its management.Keywords: hemorrhage, ophthalmology, spontaneous, intra-orbital, hematoma

  3. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... procedure? A TIPS is used to treat the complications of portal hypertension, including: variceal bleeding , bleeding from ... is taken to mitigate these risks. Other possible complications of the procedure include: fever muscle stiffness in ...

  4. Mozart's chronic subdural hematoma. (United States)

    Drake, M E


    No commemoration of the bicentennial of Mozart's death would be complete without some consideration of that premature yet predictable demise. Mozart's premonitions of death are well known and apparently played a role in the composition of the K.626 Requiem and perhaps other works. His death has traditionally been ascribed to infectious causes, chiefly rheumatic fever or post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, exacerbated by intemperance and chronic penury. Pathology has been difficult because of his supposed burial in a pauper's grave, the location and contents of which were later supposedly lost. Mozart's burial place in St. Mark's Cemetery in Vienna was known and, in the parlance of the day, "reorganized" a decade later, as the occupants of plots were disinterred to make room for the more recently decreased. A skull believed to the Mozart's was saved by the successor of the gravedigger who had supervised Mozart's burial, and then passed into the collections of the anatomist Josef Hyrtl, the municipality of Salzburg, and the Mozarteum museum (Salzburg). Forensic reconstruction of soft tissues related to this skull reveals substantial concordance with Mozart's portraits. The skull suggests premature closure of the metopic suture, which has been suggested on the basis of his physiognomy. A left temporal fracture and concomitant erosions raise the question of chronic subdural hematoma, which would be consistent with several falls in 1789 and 1790 and could have caused the weakness, headaches, and fainting he experienced in 1790 and 1791. Aggressive bloodletting to treat suspected rheumatic fever could have decompensated such a lesion to produce his death on December 5, 1791.

  5. Sharp tooth induced sublingual hematoma in a patient with elevated international normalized ratio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Baliah


    Full Text Available Sublingual hematoma secondary to anticoagulation is a rare fatal condition. Hemorrhagic complications of warfarin are well-known. This particular case is unique because the patient was on warfarin for the past 2 years but did not develop the sublingual hematoma. However, a trauma by an attrited sharp cusp triggered the episode of the sublingual hematoma in this patient. Being a medical emergency, patient was promptly hospitalized in cardiac care unit and managed by medical team. The patient was transfused with 2 units of fresh frozen plasma and warfarin was temporarily stopped for 4 days. Alternate day regimen of warfarin was started after 4 days, and international normalized ratio dropped to 3. In dental management, enameloplasty of the mandibular first molar tooth was done to prevent trauma and ulcer development in the floor of the mouth. The hematoma resolved, and no new hematoma formation was observed for a period of 6 months.

  6. Acute Subdural Hematoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen Lester


    Full Text Available History of present illness: A 21-year-old female with no past medical history presented to the ED after multiple tonic-clonic seizures over the previous 12 hours, the longest lasting 20 seconds. She returned to baseline after each seizure, had no obvious signs of trauma, and did not exhibit any focal neurologic deficits. She denied illicit drugs or new medications. A family member noted that she had fallen from her bed (approximately 3 feet high 2 days ago. Significant findings: Non-contrast Computed Tomography (CT of the Head showed a dense extra-axial collection along the left frontal and parietal regions, extending superior to the vertex with mild mass effect, but no midline shift. Discussion: Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH is a term to describe any abnormal bleeding within the bony confines of the skull. Most commonly, subdural hemorrhages (SDH result from injury to the bridging veins that lead to bleeding between the dura and arachnoid maters. However, in 20%-30% of cases an arterial source of bleeding can be found.1 For adults, motor vehicle collisions and other unintentional head trauma are typically the provoking factors in developing SDH. Falls in the elderly are a common cause of SDH since diffuse cerebral atrophy leads to increased shear forces upon vasculature structures during the fall. The risk of SDH increases with the use of anti-thrombotic agents.2 Clinical presentation varies from asymptomatic to coma (in 50 percent of acute SDH. Chronic SDH may present with headaches, light-headedness, cognitive impairment, and seizures.1 The risk of posttraumatic epileptic seizures (PTS is higher in acute SDH. Risk factors for acute SDH PTS include low Glasgow Coma Score and craniotomy, whereas risk factors for PTS in chronic SDH include alcohol abuse, change in mental status, previous stroke, and hematoma density on CT.3 CT is the most widely used imaging modality for identifying ICH. Acute SDH (within 1-2 days are visualized as hyperdense

  7. Amorous squeezing of the augmented breast may result in late capsular hematoma formation - A report of two cases (and a review of English-language literature on late hematoma formation in the augmented breast)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rijssen, A. L.; Wilmink, Han; van Wingerden, Jan J.; van der Lei, Berend

    Late hematoma formation is a rare complication of augmentation mammaplasty. Late hematoma formation related to excessive or vigorous squeezing of the breast during sexual activity has not been described. We present 2 such cases and review the English-language literature on all causes of late

  8. Cylinder syringe suction: a simple and efficient technique for the evacuation of subcutaneous hematoma. (United States)

    Hayashi, Ayato; Matsuda, Norifumi; Horiguchi, Masatoshi; Matsumura, Takashi; Komoto, Masakazu; Natori, Yuhei; Komuro, Yuzo; Mizuno, Hiroshi


    Subcutaneous hematoma is commonly caused by trauma or surgery. Proper treatment of the condition is needed to avoid severe complications. The present paper introduces a simple technique of hematoma evacuation, called cylinder syringe suction (CSS). Experiments were also performed to determine the detailed mechanism underlying its effectiveness. The CSS procedure was performed as follows. A cylindrical plastic cylinder syringe was used. Either a few stitches were removed or a very small incision was made on the site of the hematoma. The edge of the syringe was compressed to the skin, which was covered by a thin hydrocolloid dressing. Vacuum aspiration was enforced at the site of the wound or incision, and the hematoma was gradually aspirated.For the experiment, house rabbits were used. Hematoma evacuation was performed in 4 different ways, including needle aspiration alone (group 1), needle puncture followed by CSS (group 2), and creation of a small wound (5 mm) followed by needle aspiration (group 3) or CSS (group 4). The amount of evacuated hematoma and the suction pressure created by each of the 4 methods were compared. Group 4 showed the highest suction pressure and the greatest evacuated amount of hematoma. High suction pressure was also obtained in group 1; however, the amount of evacuated hematoma was small as the other 2 groups. The CSS technique becomes effective mainly by creating high suction pressure, and the opening of a small wound enables the viscous coagula to pass through the skin.

  9. Longterm surgery of posttraumatic intracranial hematoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babochkin D.S.


    Full Text Available Purpose. Research objective — studying of consequences of the operated traumatic intracranial hematomas in the remote period. Material. The nearest and remote results of the operated traumatic intracranial hematomas at 105 patients in terms from 6 months till 3 years are analyzed. During research the anamnesis was studied, neurologic investigation, and also research cognitive functions by means of scale MMSE, the test of drawing of hours, a scale of studying of alarm/depression HADS, learning of 5 words, scale quality of life SF-36. Results. It is established, that in the remote period the condition of the majority of patients gradually improves, at the same time, frequent enough and expressed consequences which are necessary for analyzing with the purpose of optimization of outcomes and the forecast at the given disease are observed. The special attention should be given again developing complications to which it is possible to carry epileptic seizures and behavioral-memorable infringements. Conclusion. Studying of the remote consequences of this heavy kind of craniocereberal trauma allows to optimize results of treatment and to provide complex medical, labor, social and family adaptation

  10. Review of the Management of Infected Subdural Hematoma. (United States)

    Dabdoub, Carlos B; Adorno, Juan Oscar; Urbano, Jair; Silveira, Elisabeth N; Orlandi, Bianca Maria M


    Infection of a subdural hematoma is an unusual cause of subdural empyema, with fewer than 50 cases reported in the literature. The appropriate surgical option for this entity has not been determined because of its rarity. We present a case report of a post-traumatic subdural hematoma infected with Escherichia coli that was successfully treated with craniotomy. In addition, we performed a PubMed search to comprehensively illustrate the causative organism, source of infection, clinical picture, surgical treatment, and outcome for this condition. This article presents an update on the condition. A 55-year-old man was admitted to our hospital complaining of headache, seizure, and urinary incontinence. He had a history of alcoholism and several hospitalizations for mild head trauma. Neuroimaging studies revealed a chronic hematic collection in the left frontal-parietal region. Laboratory tests showed increased C-reactive protein levels. In addition, surgical results revealed an infected subdural hematoma. A bacterial culture of the purulent specimen identified E. coli. In view of the urinary complaint and leukocyturia, the cause of the infected subdural hematoma was postulated as a urinary tract infection. Infected subdural hematoma is an unusual disorder. We must keep in mind the possibility of this complication when seeing a patient who presents with any of the 3 most common symptoms in this review. In these patients, craniotomy should be the method of surgical drainage, especially in adults. It ensures maximal drainage of the loculated pus and allows the total removal of the infected hematoma capsule. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... pressure. top of page How does the procedure work? A TIPS reroutes blood flow in the liver ... complications, reported in fewer than five percent of cases, may include: occlusion, or complete blockage, of the ...

  12. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... is taken to mitigate these risks. Other possible complications of the procedure include: fever muscle stiffness in the neck bruising on the neck at the point of catheter insertion delayed stenosis, or narrowing within the stent, ...

  13. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

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    Full Text Available ... the skin is a rare complication (it may happen in complex and lengthy procedures requiring ... risk for worsening liver failure after TIPS. If your liver failure is severe, a ...

  14. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... the local anesthetic is injected. Most of the sensation is at the skin incision site which is ... lined stents Serious complications, reported in fewer than five percent of cases, may include: occlusion, or complete ...

  15. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... hepatic artery, which may result in severe liver injury or bleeding that could require a transfusion or ... intervention heart arrhythmias or congestive heart failure radiation injury to the skin is a rare complication (it ...

  16. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS)

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Other possible complications of the procedure include: fever muscle stiffness in the neck bruising on the neck ... hepatic artery, which may result in severe liver injury or bleeding that could require a transfusion or ...

  17. Intramural duodenal hematoma secondary to pancreatitis: case report and review of the literature. (United States)

    Oliveira, João Henrique Botto de; Esper, Raiza Samenica; Ocariz, Rodrigo Campos; Sartori, Flora Specian; Freire, Lucas Marcelo Dias; Chaim, Elinton Adami; Callejas-Neto, Francisco; Cazzo, Everton


    Spontaneous intramural duodenal hematoma is uncommon and is usually associated with coagulopathy, anticoagulant therapy and endoscopic procedures. The aim here was to describe a case of intramural duodenal hematoma caused by chronic exacerbation of pancreatitis. A 46-year-old male with chronic alcoholic pancreatitis was admitted to hospital due to abdominal pain, melena and low hemoglobin. An intramural duodenal hematoma with active bleeding was detected and selective angioembolization was warranted. The patient evolved with a perforated duodenum and underwent laparotomy with exclusion of the pylorus and Roux-en-Y gastrojejunostomy. He was discharged nine days later. Intramural duodenal hematoma is a rare complication of pancreatitis. Selective embolization is the preferred treatment for hemorrhagic complications of pancreatitis. However, the risk of visceral ischemia and perforation should be considered.

  18. Calcified chronic subdural hematoma: case report. (United States)

    Yan, H J; Lin, K E; Lee, S T; Tzaan, W C


    Calcified or ossified chronic subdural hematoma is a rare entity that usually presents as a space-occupying lesion over the cerebral convexity. We report a case of calcified and ossified chronic subdural hematoma in an unusual location that has not been previously reported. A 24-year-old man with a history of tonic-clonic convulsions since 7 months of age was admitted because of increasing frequency and duration of seizures. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a fusiform extra-axial lesion just above the tentorium and adjacent to the cerebral falx. A calcified and ossified chronic subdural hematoma was noted and was almost completely removed by craniotomy. Better seizure control was achieved by removal of the calcified chronic subdural hematoma. Calcified subdural hematoma, calcified epidural hematoma, calcified empyema, meningioma, calcified arachnoid cyst, and calcified convexity of the dura mater with acute epidural hematoma should be considered for the differential diagnosis of an extra-axial calcified lesion.

  19. Subcapsular Hematoma Causing Anuria After Renal Graft Trauma. (United States)

    Sedigh, Omidreza; Lasaponara, Fedele; Dalmasso, Ettore; Gai, Massimo; Hayashi, Yoshiki; Bosio, Andrea; Pasquale, Giovanni; Lillaz, Beatrice; Biancone, Luigi; Frea, Bruno


    A 67-year-old man presented to the emergency department 22 hours after a trauma to his kidney graft. He was asymptomatic during the first 10 hours, then he became anuric. His serum creatinine level was 2.73 mg/dL (baseline, 0.7 mg/dL), and his hemoglobin concentration was 13.1 g/dL. Computer tomography showed a 4-cm subcapsular hematoma without active bleeding. He underwent urgent decompression of the hematoma, and we did not find any active bleeding or parenchymal laceration. Urinary output had already recovered by the end of surgery without early or late complications. In conclusion, subcapsular hematoma, complicating a traumatic event on a kidney graft, can lead to a progressive parenchymal compression resulting in anuria. So, although in the absence of anemia, such events require urgent surgical decompression. Symptoms cannot be immediate, so all the graft trauma should be investigated with early ultrasound. Little is known in the case of major renal trauma but mildly symptomatic. Probably surgical exploration is better than observation to prevent possible early and late complications such as organ rejection or a Page kidney.

  20. Is human fracture hematoma inherently angiogenic?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Street, J


    This study attempts to explain the cellular events characterizing the changes seen in the medullary callus adjacent to the interfragmentary hematoma during the early stages of fracture healing. It also shows that human fracture hematoma contains the angiogenic cytokine vascular endothelial growth factor and has the inherent capability to induce angiogenesis and thus promote revascularization during bone repair. Patients undergoing emergency surgery for isolated bony injury were studied. Raised circulating levels of vascular endothelial growth factor were seen in all injured patients, whereas the fracture hematoma contained significantly higher levels of vascular endothelial growth factor than did plasma from these injured patients. However, incubation of endothelial cells in fracture hematoma supernatant significantly inhibited the in vitro angiogenic parameters of endothelial cell proliferation and microtubule formation. These phenomena are dependent on a local biochemical milieu that does not support cytokinesis. The hematoma potassium concentration is cytotoxic to endothelial cells and osteoblasts. Subcutaneous transplantation of the fracture hematoma into a murine wound model resulted in new blood vessel formation after hematoma resorption. This angiogenic effect is mediated by the significant concentrations of vascular endothelial growth factor found in the hematoma. This study identifies an angiogenic cytokine involved in human fracture healing and shows that fracture hematoma is inherently angiogenic. The differences between the in vitro and in vivo findings may explain the phenomenon of interfragmentary hematoma organization and resorption that precedes fracture revascularization.

  1. [Traumatic duodenal hematoma (author's transl)]. (United States)

    Olivares, P; Tovar, J A; Díez-Pardo, J A; Corbatón, J; Monereo, J


    Two cases of duodenal hematoma secondary to abdominal trauma in children are reported. The latent periods between trauma and the onset of symptoms were two and fifteen days. X-ray studies were conclusive for diagnosis. Pancreatic signs were mild in one case. Both cases were treated surgically, draining the fluid collection extramucosally. The authors advise surgical treatment whenever associated lesions need to be ruled out and when obstruction persists after the first days.

  2. Risk factors for postoperative hematoma after inguinal hernia repair: an update. (United States)

    Zeb, Muhammad H; Pandian, T K; El Khatib, Moustafa M; Naik, Nimesh D; Chandra, Abhishek; Morris, David S; Smoot, Rory L; Farley, David R


    We recently sensed an increase in the frequency of groin hematoma after inguinal hernia repair (IHR) at our institution. The aim of this study was to provide a more updated assessment of the risk factors inherent to this complication. We performed a case-control study of all adult patients (age ≥ 18 y) who developed a groin hematoma after IHR at our institution between 2003 and 2015. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to assess for independent predictors for groin hematoma. A total of 96 patients (among 6608 IHR) developed a groin hematoma, (60 were observed, 36 required intervention). The hematoma frequency increased from our previous study (1.4 % versus 0.9%, P hernia (3.7, [1.4-9.7], P hernia were independent predictors of hematoma development. Independent risk factors for the development of groin hematoma after IHR included warfarin use and recurrent hernia. Careful consideration for anticoagulation and surgical hypervigilance remains prudent in all patients undergoing IHR and especially those with recurrence. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. Dengue Fever with rectus sheath hematoma: a case report. (United States)

    Sharma, Anurag; Bhatia, Sonia; Singh, Rajendra Pratap; Malik, Gaurav


    Dengue fever, also known as breakbone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the Dengue virus. It is associated with a number of complications, which are well documented. However, Dengue fever associated with rectus sheath hematoma (RSH) is a very rare complication. Only one case report has been published prior supporting the association of Dengue fever with RSH. We report a case of Dengue fever who presented with RSH and was successfully treated conservatively. RSH is also an uncommon cause of acute abdominal pain. It is accumulation of blood in the sheath of the rectus abdominis, secondary to rupture of an epigastric vessel or muscle tear.

  4. Optimal management of hemophilic arthropathy and hematomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lobet S


    Full Text Available Sébastien Lobet,1,2 Cedric Hermans,1 Catherine Lambert1 1Hemostasis-Thrombosis Unit, Division of Hematology, 2Division of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cliniques Universitaires Saint-Luc, Brussels, Belgium Abstract: Hemophilia is a hematological disorder characterized by a partial or complete deficiency of clotting factor VIII or IX. Its bleeding complications primarily affect the musculoskeletal system. Hemarthrosis is a major hemophilia-related complication, responsible for a particularly debilitating chronic arthropathy, in the long term. In addition to clotting factor concentrates, usually prescribed by the hematologist, managing acute hemarthrosis and chronic arthropathy requires a close collaboration between the orthopedic surgeon and physiotherapist. This collaboration, comprising a coagulation and musculoskeletal specialist, is key to effectively preventing hemarthrosis, managing acute joint bleeding episodes, assessing joint function, and actively treating chronic arthropathy. This paper reviews, from a practical point of view, the pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, and treatment of hemarthrosis and chronic hemophilia-induced arthropathy for hematologists, orthopedic surgeons, and physiotherapists. Keywords: hemophilia, arthropathy, hemarthrosis, hematoma, physiotherapy, target joint

  5. Intra-uterine hematoma in pregnancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glavind, K; Nøhr, S; Nielsen, P H


    In 60 patients with a live fetus and an intra-uterine hematoma (IUH) proven by ultrasonic scanning the outcome of pregnancy was spontaneous abortion in 12% and premature delivery in 10%. No correlation between the outcome of the pregnancy and the maximum size of the hematoma or the week...

  6. Floor-of-Mouth Hematoma Following Dental Implant Placement: Literature Review and Case Presentation. (United States)

    Law, Catherine; Alam, Peyman; Borumandi, Farzad


    The authors provide a structured review of reported cases of floor-of-mouth hematoma during or after dental implantation and frequent causes and management and present a related case. An online search of the medical literature was conducted from 1990 through 2016. The following search terms were used: floor of mouth hematoma, sublingual hematoma, dental implant hematoma, implant in mandible, and complication of dental implant. Abstracts were screened for relevance to the aims of the review. Relevant reports in the English language were included and referenced. The articles were reviewed for patient demographics, implant location, coagulopathy, pre- or postoperative imaging, airway management, treatment of the hematoma, and management of the offending implant. The literature search identified 25 reported cases. Hemorrhage was caused by perforation of the lingual cortex in 84% of cases (n = 21). Airway obstruction resulted in emergency intubation or tracheostomy in 68% of patients (n = 17). Most cases (n = 18; 72%) required surgical management in the hospital setting. Management of the offending implant was reported inconsistently. Of 17 reported cases, 5 implants had to be removed, 9 remained in situ, and in 3 cases implant placement was abandoned. Only 1 case involved preoperative 3-dimensional (3D) imaging before implant insertion. The authors report on an additional case with a serious floor-of-mouth hematoma that required immediate surgical evacuation and hemostasis. Serious complications, such as floor-of-mouth hematoma after dental implant insertion, can occur, which could be life-threatening. Preoperative 3D imaging helps to visualize the individual mandibular shape, which could decrease the incidence of serious complications. If injury to vessels of the floor of the mouth cannot be confidently excluded, then further assessment and treatment are recommended before the patient is discharged. Copyright © 2017 American Association of Oral and

  7. Solid Right Ventricular Compression by Intraventricular Septum-Hematoma Induced after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ibrahim El-Battrawy


    Full Text Available Intraventricular septum-hematoma is a rare complication following percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI. This complication may represent a challenge for accurate diagnosis and treatment. This case report is about a 60-year-old male patient being admitted with an acute coronary syndrome. Despite successful PCI with drug eluting stent implantation into the right coronary artery (RCA the patient complained about recurrent angina pectoris according to Canadian Cardiovascular Society (CCS class IV. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging and transthoracic echocardiography revealed a massive 4.9×9.2 cm sized end-diastolic septum-hematoma, which compromised right ventricular cavity. Emergent recoronary angiography ruled out further contrast extravasation from the RCA. Conservative treatment was intended after discussion in the “heart-team.” The patient completely recovered with nearly complete resolution of the hematoma after 6 months.

  8. Anatomic Variations of the Right Portal Vein: Prevalence, Imaging Features, and Implications for Successful Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Creation (United States)

    Gunasekaran, Senthil S; Gaba, Ron C


    Given the widespread use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for the treatment of portal hypertensive complications, a working knowledge of portal venous anatomy is critical for interventional radiologists. The right portal vein – which is most commonly accessed during TIPS – is subject to various anatomic variants that may potentially impact procedure success. This pictorial essay characterizes the anatomic patterns of the right portal vein branching in terms of type and frequency based on case series review. The work also explains the potential procedural implications of the right portal vein anatomic variations as they pertain to TIPS technical success. PMID:28515965

  9. Subdural drainage versus subperiosteal drainage in burr-hole trepanation for symptomatic chronic subdural hematomas. (United States)

    Bellut, David; Woernle, Christoph Michael; Burkhardt, Jan-Karl; Kockro, Ralf Alfons; Bertalanffy, Helmut; Krayenbühl, Niklaus


    Symptomatic chronic subdural hematoma (scSDH) is one of the most frequent diseases in neurosurgical practice, and its incidence is increasing. However, treatment modalities are still controversial. The aim of this retrospective single-center study is to compare for the first time two surgical methods in the treatment of subdural hematoma that have been proven to be efficient in previous studies in a direct comparison. We analyzed the data of 143 scSDHs in 113 patients undergoing surgery for subdural hematoma with placement of subperiosteal or subdural drainage after double burr-hole trepanation for hematoma evacuation. Overall, there were no statistically significant differences regarding general patient characteristics, preoperative and postoperative symptoms, postoperative hematoma remnant, rates of recurrences, mortality, complications, and outcome at discharge and at 3-month follow up between the groups. There was a close to significant tendency of lower mortality after placement of subperiosteal drainage system and a tendency towards lower rate of recurrent hematoma after placement of subdural drainage system. Our study shows for the first time a direct comparison of two mainly used surgical techniques in the treatment of scSDH. Both methods proved to be highly effective, and general patient data, complications, outcome and mortality of both groups are equal or superior compared with previously published series. Because there is a clear tendency to less mortality and fewer serious complications, treatment with double burr-hole trepanation, irrigation, and placement of subperiosteal drainage is our treatment of choice in patients with predictable high risk of complications. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. The use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPS in the management of portal hypertensive bleeding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gin-Ho Lo


    Full Text Available Acute esophageal variceal hemorrhage is a terrible complication of portal hypertension and. rebleeding is very common in survivors of acute variceal bleeding. Traditional medical management options include the use of vasoconstrictor, balloon tamponade, and endoscopic therapy. Though endoscopic therapy has achieved successful hemostasis in the majority of acute variceal bleeding episodes, the outcome is usually dismal when such therapy fails. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stent shunt (TIPS was invented to decompress portal hypertension, but is now widely used in Western countries to treat patients with refractory variceal hemorrhage or refractory ascites. By contrast, TIPS has not been commonly used in Asia. In this article, I have reviewed the role of TIPS in the management of portal hypertensive bleeding, which will hopefully be useful for clinicians facing variceal bleeding that is not amenable to endoscopic therapies.

  11. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS Migration to the Heart Diagnosed by Emergency Department Ultrasound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlan Wendler


    Full Text Available A 57-year-old man presented to our emergency department with altered mental status. He had a past medical history significant for cirrhosis and previous placement of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS. On cardiac auscultation, a new heart murmur and an unexpected degree of cardiac ectopy were noted. On the 12-lead electrocardiogram, the patient was noted to have multiple premature atrial contractions, corroborating the irregular heart rhythm on physical exam. A focused bedside emergency ultrasound of the heart was then performed. This exam revealed an apparent foreign body in the right atrium. It appeared as if the patient’s TIPS had migrated from the heart into the right atrium. This case, as well as the literature describing thisunusual complication of TIPS placement, is reviewed in this case report

  12. Spontaneous sublingual and intramural small-bowel hematoma in a patient on oral anticoagulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Moftah


    Full Text Available Spontaneous sublingual hematoma and intramural small bowel hematoma are rare and serious complications of anticoagulant therapy. Though previously reported individually, there has been no previous report of the same two complications occurring in a single patient. A 71-year-old Caucasian man, who was on warfarin for atrial fibrillation, presented with difficulty in swallowing due to a sublingual hematoma. He was observed in our intensive care unit, his warfarin was held and he recovered with conservative management. He represented two months later with a two day history of abdominal pain and distension. An abdominopelvic computed tomography (CT scan now showed small bowel obstruction due to intramural small bowel hematoma and haemorrhagic ascites. Again, this was treated expectantly with a good outcome. In conclusion, life threatening haemorrhagic complications of oral anticoagulant therapy can recur. Conservative treatment is successful in most cases, but an accurate diagnosis is mandatory to avoid unnecessary surgery. CT scan is the investigation of choice for the diagnosis of suspected haemorrhagic complications of over coagulation.

  13. Reversible Parkinsonism secondary to chronic subdural hematoma

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    Wajid Nazir Wani


    Full Text Available Secondary parkinsonism is attributable to a wide variety of causes including supratentorial mass lesions. While tumors are known to present with parkinsonism, chronic subdural hematoma is rarely seen presenting as rapidly deteriorating parkinsonian features with complete disappearance following evacuation of hematoma. The authors present two such patients-70- and 78-year-old males who presented with sudden onset of parkinsonism features. Both failed to recollect any significant head injury. Imaging diagnosed the presence of chronic subdural hematomas, being unilateral in one and bilateral in other. Surgical evacuation resulted in complete resolution of parkinsonian symptoms. These cases reinforce earlier studies for chronic subdural hematoma to be one of the causes of reversible parkinsonism apparently from distortion of basal ganglia mechanically and bringing changes in dopaminergic function, harming the susceptible aging brain.

  14. [Spontaneous hepatic hematoma in twin pregnancy]. (United States)

    Quesnel, Carlos; Weber, Alejandro; Mendoza, Dalila; Garteiz, Denzil


    The hepatic hematoma or rupture appear in 1 of every 100,000 pregnancies. The most common causes of hepatic hematoma in pregnancy are severe preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome; some predisposing factors are seizures, vomiting, labor, preexistent hepatic disease and trauma. A 33 year old primigravid with a normal 33 week twin pregnancy presented abdominal pain and hypovolemic shock due to spontaneous subcapsular hepatic hematoma; laparoscopy was performed to evaluate the possibility of rupture, which was not found, later emergency cesarean section was carried out followed by hepatic hematoma drainage and abdominal packaging by laparoscopy. After surgery the flow through drainage was too high additionally hemodynamic instability and consumption coagulopathy. Abdominal panangiography was performed without identifying bleeding areas. Intesive care was given to the patient evolving satisfactorily, was discharged 19 days after the event. Seven months later she had laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to acute litiasic colecistitis. We found 5 cases in literatura about hepatic hematoma during pregnancy no related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy; these were related to hepatoma, amebian hepatic abscess, falciform cell anemia, cocaine consumption and molar pregnancy. Hepatics hematomas have high morbidity and mortality so is significant early diagnosis and multidisciplinary approach.

  15. Discordant lumbar epidural hematoma after caudal steroid injection: A case report (CARE-compliant). (United States)

    Choi, Jung Ju; Chang, Young Jin; Jung, Wol Seon; Lee, Kyung Cheon; Kim, Ju Ho; Jo, Youn Yi


    Caudal epidural injection is one of the conventional treatments of chronic back pain. Even though spinal epidural hematoma after caudal epidural injection is rare but it can cause serious neurologic complication. An 83-year-old woman taking cilostazol received caudal epidural steroid injection because of her chronic back pain. Six hours later, she experienced an acute hip pain which worsened with time. Magnetic resonance image showed acute cord compression due to a spinal epidural hematoma at L2-S1 level with concomitant central canal compromise at L2/3, L3/4 level. Emergency decompressive laminectomy and evacuation of the lumbar epidural hematoma were performed. All of her symptoms were resolved over the 72 hours following surgery. Continuous vigilance after caudal epidural injection is important to prevent catastrophic neurologic deterioration with early detection and early treatment.

  16. Delayed epidural hematoma after mild head injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radulović Danilo


    Full Text Available Background. Traumatic delayed epidural hematoma (DEH can be defined as insignificant or not seen on the initial CT scan performed after a trauma but seen on the subsequent CT scan as a “massive” epidural bleeding. Case report. We presented two cases of traumatic DEH after mild head injury. Both patients were conscious and without neurological deficit on the admission. Initial CT scan did not reveal intracranial hematoma. Repeated CT scan, that was performed after neurological deterioration, revealed epidural hematoma in both cases. The patients were operated with a favorable surgical outcome. Conclusion. Traumatic DEH could occur in the patients with head injuries who were conscious on the admission with a normal initial CT scan finding. Early detection of DEH and an urgent surgical evacuation were essential for a good outcome.

  17. Transient Hemolytic Anemia after Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Stent Shunt


    Garcia-Rebollo, Sagrario; González-Reimers, Emilio; Santolaria-Fernández, Francisco; Diaz-Romero, Francisco; Rodriguez-Moreno, Fermin; Martinez-Riera, Antonio


    Management of variceal bleeding secondary to portal hypertension constitutes a challenging issue, particularly in child's C cirrhotic patients. Recently, transjugular placement of self-expanding metallic stents in the liver (TIPS), creating a shunt between the portal and hepatic branches has provided a safe and promising therapeutic approach in this clinical situation. We report here the case of a 66-year-old male cirrhotic patient who developed a moderately severe clinical picture of a Coomb...

  18. Spontaneous pharyngo-laryngeal hematoma and anticoagulation. A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Introduction and Objective: Spontaneous pharyngeal-laryngeal hematoma shows the importance of a complete ENT examination in the face of symptoms of banal appearance and a correct history that, in the case reported, unveiled the therapeutic use of anticoagulants. Case description: A 55 year old woman comes to emergency because of unexplained dysphagia. The inspection shows the presence of a hematoma in the pharyngeal-laryngeal region that, after the anticoagulant therapy was reversed, evolved favorably with conservative treatment. Discussion: In this case, apart from medical management performed by the hematology department, we focus our therapeutic approach in the protection of the airway and the prevention of a possible massive bleeding. Determining which patients require endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy and hemostatic surgery is the key to treatment. Conclusions: The anticoagulant therapy involves several complications that ENT specialists must consider in the face of clinical symptoms of dysphagia, dysphonia, dyspnea or signs of bleeding and they must know the possibilities of performance depending on the severity of each case.

  19. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Placement During Pregnancy: A Case Series of Five Patients

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ingraham, Christopher R., E-mail:; Padia, Siddharth A., E-mail:; Johnson, Guy E., E-mail: [University of Washington, Department of Interventional Radiology (United States); Easterling, Thomas R., E-mail: [University of Washington, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology (United States); Liou, Iris W., E-mail: [University of Washington, Department of Medicine (United States); Kanal, Kalpana M., E-mail: [University of Washington, Physics Section, Department of Radiology (United States); Valji, Karim, E-mail: [University of Washington, Department of Interventional Radiology (United States)


    Background and AimsComplications of portal hypertension, such as variceal hemorrhage and ascites, are associated with significant increases in both mortality and complications during pregnancy. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a well-established procedure for treating portal hypertension, but the safety of TIPS during pregnancy is largely unknown. In this series, we review five patients who underwent TIPS placement while pregnant and describe their clinical outcomes.MethodsFive pregnant patients with cirrhosis and portal hypertension underwent elective TIPS for complications of portal hypertension (four for secondary prevention of variceal bleeding and one for refractory ascites). Outcomes measured were recurrent bleeding episodes or need for further paracenteses during pregnancy, estimated radiation dose to the fetus and gestational age at delivery. All patients were followed after delivery to evaluate technical and clinical success of the procedure.ResultsAll five patients survived pregnancy and went on to deliver successfully. When TIPS was performed for secondary prevention of variceal bleeding (n = 4), no patients demonstrated variceal bleeding after TIPS placement. When TIPS was performed for refractory ascites (n = 1), no further paracenteses were required. All patients delivered successfully, albeit prematurely. Average radiation dose estimated to the fetus was 16.3 mGy.ConclusionsThis series suggests that TIPS can be performed in selective pregnant patients with portal hypertension, with little added risk to the mother or fetus.

  20. Transsplenic portal vein reconstruction–transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt in a patient with portal and splenic vein thrombosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason T. Salsamendi, MD


    Full Text Available Portal vein thrombosis (PVT is a potential complication of cirrhosis and can worsen outcomes after liver transplant (LT. Portal vein reconstruction–transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (PVR-TIPS can restore flow through the portal vein (PV and facilitate LT by avoiding complex vascular conduits. We present a case of transsplenic PVR-TIPS in the setting of complete PVT and splenic vein (SV thrombosis. The patient had a 3-year history of PVT complicated by abdominal pain, ascites, and paraesophageal varices. A SV tributary provided access to the main SV and was punctured percutaneously under ultrasound scan guidance. PV access, PV and SV venoplasty, and TIPS placement were successfully performed without complex techniques. The patient underwent LT with successful end-to-end anastomosis of the PVs. Our case suggests transsplenic PVR-TIPS to be a safe and effective alternative to conventional PVR-TIPS in patients with PVT and SV thrombosis.

  1. A case with Parkinsonism secondary to bilateral subdural hematoma

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    Adalet Arıkanoğlu


    Full Text Available Subdural hematoma is a rare cause of secondary Parkinsonism. In this study, we presented a case of Parkinsonian syndrome caused by a bilateral subdural hematoma. The patient’s Parkinsonism completely healed following successful surgical removal of the hematomas without any anti-parkinson drug.

  2. A case report and technical tip of chronic subdural hematoma treated by the placement of a subdural peritoneal shunt

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    Andres M. Alvarez-Pinzon


    Full Text Available Background: Chronic subdural hematomas (CSDH tend to occur most commonly in the elderly population, usually resulting from minor or insignificant head trauma. The pathophysiology behind CSDH is often directly associated with cerebral atrophy, and other causes of cerebral atrophy such as alcoholism or dementia. Other predisposing factors include diabetes, coagulopathy, use of anticoagulants (including aspirin, seizure disorders, and CSF shunts. Considerable evidence supporting the use of external drainage after evacuation of primary CSDH is readily available in the literature. Case report: We report the case of a 72 year-old male with a history of recurrent left subdural hematoma presenting to the neurosurgical clinic with a two-day history of personality changes, difficulty speaking, urinary incontinence, and headaches. Burr hole evacuation was performed with the placement of a subdural peritoneal shunt. At the one-month follow-up appointment, the patient had complete resolution of symptoms and CT scan showed no new recurrence of the subdural hematoma. Conclusions: Although several treatment options are available for the management of CSDH, recurrence of hematoma is a major and very common complication that may result in re-injury due to mass effect caused by chronic hematoma. However, placement of subdural peritoneal shunt for the treatment of CSDH can reduce the recurrence rate of CSDH and therefore, reduce the risk of brain re-injury. Keywords: Chronic subdural hematoma, CSDH, Subdural peritoneal shunt, Head trauma

  3. The transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic stentshunt (TIPSS): A new nonoperative, transjugular percutaneous procedure. [Radiological studies

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    Richter, G.M.; Noeldge, G.; Siegerstetter, V.; Franke, M.; Wenz, W.; Palmaz, J.C.; Roessle, M.


    In a 49-year-old male patient suffering from severe symptoms of end-stage portal hypertension and Child's stage C metabolic status, an intrahepatic stent-assisted portosystemic shunt was established for the first time exclusively by means of interventional radiology. Via transjugular access, a modified Brockenbrough needle was used to puncture the right branch of the portal vein via the right liver vein. As a target, a Dormia-basket was used that had previously been exposed in the right main portal branch. After successful puncture and balloon dilation of the artificial tract, two Palmaz stents were implanted to keep the tract permanently open. The portosystemic pressure gradient dropped from 38 to 18 mm Hg. The clinical status of the patient improved substantially during the following days. However, the patient died on day 11 after the procedure because of sudden onset of acute respiratory distress arising from acute nosocomial fungus and cytomegalovirus infection worsened by his primary immunoincompetence. Autopsy demonstrated a totally patent shunt without superficial thrombus. Microscopically, a thin endothelial layer on the inner shunt surface was found to be present. (orig.).

  4. Traumatic Extradural Hematoma in Enugu, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acute extradural (epidural) hematoma (EDH) is a neurosurgical emergency and timely surgical intervention for significant EDH is the accepted standard for treatment. Acute (EDH) occurs in approximately 1-3% of patients with head injuries and in 5 to. 15% of patients with severe head injuries.[1] It is rare before the age of 2 ...

  5. Bilateral Biconvex Frontal Chronic Subdural Hematoma Mimicking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    involving left upper and lower limb with exaggerated ipsilateral deep tendon reflexes and extensor plantar. ... as a result of indirect signs of a space-occupying lesion are easily recognizable on CT, bilateral CSDH may ... diagnosis and for the management of such lesions. Key words: Chronic subdural hematoma, extradural.

  6. Surgery for chronic subdural hematoma in nonagenarians

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bartek, J; Sjåvik, K; Ståhl, F


    OBJECTIVE: Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is a prevalent condition often seen in the elderly, with surgery being the treatment of choice when symptomatic. So far, few have explored the surgical outcomes in patients 90 years or older. The aim of this study was to investigate outcome after cSDH s...

  7. Treatment Outcomes of Auricular Hematoma Using Corrugated ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research | Jul-Sep 2013 | Vol 3 | Issue 3 |. 447. Address for correspondence: ... and D had recurrence of hematoma, the patient treated with improvised plastic material had pressure necrosis of areas of the pinna which ... DOI: 10.4103/2141-9248.117930. Methods and Devices ...

  8. Organized hematoma mimicking retroperitoneal cystic tumors. (United States)

    Ivankiv, Taras; Ogurtsov, Oleksii; Pokhylevych, Galina


    Isolated retroperitoneal cysts are uncommon with an estimated incidence of 1/5750-1/250,000. In women they occur about 1.5-2 times more often than in men. The largest numbers of patients are young or middle aged (20-50 years). Lack of knowledge about the causes of these rare entities and asymptomatic clinical picture often leads to diagnostic and tactical mistakes. The medical history of 54-year old male patient B., who has been hospitalized at Surgical Department №1 of Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University (Surgical Department of Lviv Regional Clinical Hospital), was processed retrospectively. Diagnosing of retroperitoneal organized hematoma in the early stages is not always possible, because exploration of retroperitoneal space can be difficult. General tests and tumor markers are usually normal range and not prognostically informative in this case. Decisively important were imaging diagnostic methods-USG and CT. As clinical cases of organized hematoma are quite rare, finding out retroperitoneal formation with irregular contours and infiltrative component indicates for retroperitoneal tumors. Thus, this formation accumulated contrast that says for increased vascularization. Intraoperative: formation with thick walls and heterogeneous structure. Histological diagnosis: hematoma in a phase of deep organization. On our opinion, taking into account location and structure of tumors, laparoscopic intervention was not appropriate, open surgery was reasonable approach. Preoperative biopsy has a crucial role to set preliminary diagnosis. Despite the fact that organized retroperitoneal hematomas are quite rare, their diagnosis requires detailed examination and histological verification. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  9. Chronic expanding hematoma of thorax extended to the neck. (United States)

    Ueda, Hitoshi; Baba, Hiromitsu; Ondo, Kaoru


    We report a rare case of chronic expanding hematoma of thorax extended to the neck. An 83-year-old man with a history of Lucite ball plombage and thoracoplasty of bilateral thorax was admitted with numbness of left upper extremity. In 6 months, left supraclavicular fossa was gradually bulged like tumor. The lesion was diagnosed as chronic expanding hematoma. Surgically, Lucite balls were removed with surrounding hematoma debris and fluid, and neck hematoma, which was slightly communicated to the thorax, was extirpated. We discussed the genesis of this hematoma and its extension to the neck.

  10. [Progressive hematoma in anterior neck after endovascular treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysm]. (United States)

    Ankay Yilbas, Aysun; Kanburoglu, Cigdem; Uzumcugil, Filiz; Cifci, Coskun; Saralp, Ozge Ozen; Karagoz, Heves; Akinci, Seda Banu; Arat, Anil


    Cervical hematomas can lead to airway compromise, a life threatening condition, regardless of the cause. The following case is the first presentation of cervical hematoma as a complication of endovascular treatment of middle cerebral artery aneurysm. A 49 year-old woman was scheduled for stent placement under general anesthesia for middle cerebral artery aneurysm. Few days before intervention, acetyl salicylic acid and clopidogrel treatment was started. Following standard monitoring and anesthesia induction, the patient's trachea was intubated with a 7.5mm endotracheal tube and the procedure was completed without any complications. Three hours later, dyspnea developed and physical examination revealed progressive swelling and stiffness in the neck. Endotracheal intubation was performed with a 6mm diameter uncuffed tube with the aid of sedation. The vocal cords were completely closed due to compression. There was no leak around the endotracheal tube. The rapidly performed computerized tomography scans showed an enormous hematoma around the neck and extravasation of contrast medium through superior thyroid artery. After coil embolization of superior thyroid artery, she was taken to the intensive care unit as intubated and sedated. Surgical exploration of the hematoma was not recommended by the surgeons, because she was on clopidogrel. After two days, the patient's trachea was extubated safely ensuring that the swelling was sufficiently ceased and leak detected around the endotracheal tube. Securing the airway rapidly by endotracheal intubation is the most crucial point in the management of cervical hematomas. Diagnostic and therapeutic procedures should be performed only afterwards. Copyright © 2016 Sociedade Brasileira de Anestesiologia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  11. Isolated oculomotor nerve palsy resulting from acute traumatic tentorial subdural hematoma

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    Cui V


    Full Text Available Victoria Cui,1 Timur Kouliev2 1Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA; 2Emergency Department, Beijing United Family Hospital, Beijing, China Abstract: Acute subdural hematoma (SDH resulting from head trauma is a potentially life-threatening condition that requires expedient diagnosis and intervention to ensure optimal patient outcomes. Rapidly expanding or large hematomas, elevated intracranial pressure, and associated complications of brain herniation are associated with high mortality rates and poor recovery of neurological function. However, smaller bleeds (clot thickness <10 mm or hematomas occurring in infrequent locations, such as the tentorium cerebelli, may be difficult to recognize and patients may present with unusual or subtle signs and symptoms, including isolated cranial nerve palsies. Knowledge of neuroanatomy supported by modern neuroimaging can greatly aid in recognition and diagnosis of such lesions. In this report, we present a case of isolated oculomotor nerve palsy resulting from compressive tentorial SDH following blunt head trauma, review the literature concerning similar cases, and make recommendations regarding the diagnosis of SDH in patients presenting with isolated cranial nerve palsies. Keywords: head injury, oculomotor, palsy, subdural hematoma, trauma, tentorium, cerebral herniation, intracranial hemorrhage

  12. Evaluation of awake burr hole drainage for chronic subdural hematoma in geriatric patients: a retrospective analysis of 3 years

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    Serdal Albayrak


    Conclusion: Surgical interventions under local anesthesia in geriatric patients with chronic subdural hematoma can provide short operation time, early mobilization, early oral intake, avoidance of possible general anesthesia complications. Herewith, this intervention decrease mortality and morbidity in this age group. [Cukurova Med J 2016; 41(1.000: 69-73

  13. An Obscure Case of Hepatic Subcapsular Hematoma

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    Albert Ndzengue


    Full Text Available Spontaneous liver bleeding is often reported in preeclampsia. It is otherwise rare and has been linked to gross anatomical lesions and coagulopathy. We report a case of subcapsular hematoma of the liver without any apparent lesion and in the absence of coagulopathy. A 41-year-old male, paraplegic for 16 years, presented to the emergency department 3 days after sudden onset of right upper quadrant and shoulder pain. He had been on vitamins and 5,000 units subcutaneous heparin 12-hourly at the nursing home for the last month. He was in no distress, afebrile, with stable vitals. Physical examination showed a diverting colostomy, tender hepatomegaly and sacral decubiti. A fecal occult blood test was negative. There was spastic paraplegia below the level of T12. Two days after admission, the patient was afebrile and hemodynamically stable. PTT, PT, liver profile, BUN and creatinine were all normal, however his hemoglobin had dropped from 11.3 to 7.6 g/dl. An abdominal CT scan revealed an isolated 9.0 × 1.8 cm subcapsular hematoma. The patient received blood transfusion in the intensive care unit and was discharged 7 days later. In conclusion, spontaneous liver hemorrhage occurs in the nonobstetrical population in the setting of gross anatomical lesions or coagulopathy. This is the first report of an isolated subcapsular liver hematoma.

  14. Cardiac and systemic haemodynamic complications of liver cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens H; Møller, Søren


    by physical and pharmacological strain. Cardiac failure is an important cause of mortality after liver transplantation and stressful procedures as insertions of transjugular intrahepatic portal systemic shunt (TIPS), peritoneal venous shunting, and other types of surgery. Improvement of liver function has......Cardiovascular complications of liver cirrhosis include cardiac dysfunction and abnormalities in the central-, splanchnic,- and peripheral circulation. Vasodilatation prevails, but vascular beds with various degrees of reduced and increased haemodynamic resistance are the results of massive...

  15. Effects of Dexamethasone in the Treatment of Recurrent Chronic Subdural Hematoma. (United States)

    Zhang, Yu; Chen, Shiping; Xiao, Yangchun; Tang, Wenhua


    Recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is not rare. Some studies have demonstrated the role of dexamethasone in the medical management of chronic subdural hematoma. However, no systematic study in the treatment of recurrent CSDH has been published. The aim of our study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of dexamethasone in patients with recurrent CSDH. We retrospectively reviewed medical records of consecutive patients from July 2010 to September 2014. A total of 27 patients with symptomatic recurrent CSDH were included in the analysis. Follow-up for each patient consisted of computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging every 28 days from admission to the resolution of hematoma. Data were collected on hematoma volume, complications, and outcome. Among the 27 patients, 3 patients with recurrent CSDH were only treated by burr hole surgery. Of the other 24 patients who primarily underwent dexamethasone treatment, 17 (70.8%) patients were treated successfully with medical treatment, whereas 7 patients required reoperation. Complications were noted in 3 (12.5%) patients (1 hyperglycemia, 1 urinary tract infection, and 1 pneumonia). There was 1 mortality (4.2%) for massive brain infarction. Twenty-one of the 24 patients (87.5%) recovered to their previous functional levels. There was no statistical significance in Fisher text between surgery and dexamethasone regarding success, complication, and functional recovery rate. Patients with recurrent CSDH can be treated successfully and safely with the nonsurgical medical treatment of dexamethasone. By use of this method, reoperation may be avoided. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of hematoma after primary hip arthroplasty

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    Jerzy Białecki


    Full Text Available Introduction: To date, suction drainage has been routinely used after hip joint replacement. Currently, the validity of this practice is questioned in the literature. Hematoma is a risk factor of periprosthetic infection. Post-operative ultrasonography enables precise assessment of hip joint hematoma. Aim: The aim of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of hip joint ultrasonography with respect to the validity of using suction drainage after primary hip arthroplasty. Material: Inclusion criteria: coxarthrosis. Exclusion criteria: primary and secondary coagulopathy, renal or hepatic failure and history of venous or arterial thrombosis. In total, 90 patients were enrolled. Methods: The study was prospective. The patients were assigned into groups in accordance with simple randomization. On the third day postsurgery, an ultrasound examination was conducted in all patients. Results: Deep infection was found in two patients with suction drainage. Hematoma was almost twice bigger in the drainage group. There were no statistically significant differences in the Harris Hip Score between the groups. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups in: complete blood count parameters and C-reactive protein values in the first and third day after surgery, the amount of transfused packed red blood cells, duration of hospital stay, cost of hospital stay and the relationship between osteophyte removal and hematoma size. Conclusions: Ultrasonography performed after hip replacement surgeries is useful in the assessment of hematoma. The randomized study did not reveal statistically significant differences between the group with and without drainage, thus suggesting that this practice can be abandoned, except for selected cases. Due to a short hospital stay, it is recommended to conduct an ultrasound scan in addition to routine radiography and laboratory tests in order to reduce the risk of complications.

  17. Catheter-directed thrombolysis with transjugular access in portal vein thrombosis secondary to pancreatitis

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    Aytekin, Cueneyt; Boyvat, Fatih; Kurt, Aydin; Yologlu, Zeynel; Coskun, Mehmet


    A case of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) secondary to pancreatitis is presented. Patient was treated with catheter-directed thrombolysis using urokinase solution. Because the percutaneous transhepatic approach is associated with higher risk of hemorrhage we used the catheter-directed thrombolysis via the transjugular intrahepatic access to restore the patency of the thrombosed portal vein. This case shows that catheter-directed thrombolysis with transjugular approach can be effectively used in the treatment of PVT.

  18. Association of Antithrombotic Drug Use With Subdural Hematoma Risk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaist, David; Rodríguez, Luis Alberto García; Hellfritzsch, Maja


    Importance: Incidence of subdural hematoma has been reported to be increasing. To what extent this is related to increasing use of antithrombotic drugs is unknown. Objectives: To estimate the association between use of antithrombotic drugs and subdural hematoma risk and determine trends in subdural...... with antithrombotic drug use, subdural hematoma incidence rate, and annual prevalence of treatment with antithrombotic drugs. Results: Among 10 010 patients with subdural hematoma (mean age, 69.2 years; 3462 women [34.6%]), 47.3% were taking antithrombotic medications. Current use of low-dose aspirin (cases: 26...... hematoma incidence and antithrombotic drug use in the general population. Design, Setting, and Participants: Case-control study of 10 010 patients aged 20 to 89 years with a first-ever subdural hematoma principal discharge diagnosis from 2000 to 2015 matched by age, sex, and calendar year to 400...

  19. Hematoma shape, hematoma size, Glasgow coma scale score and ICH score: which predicts the 30-day mortality better for intracerebral hematoma?

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    Chih-Wei Wang

    Full Text Available To investigate the performance of hematoma shape, hematoma size, Glasgow coma scale (GCS score, and intracerebral hematoma (ICH score in predicting the 30-day mortality for ICH patients. To examine the influence of the estimation error of hematoma size on the prediction of 30-day mortality.This retrospective study, approved by a local institutional review board with written informed consent waived, recruited 106 patients diagnosed as ICH by non-enhanced computed tomography study. The hemorrhagic shape, hematoma size measured by computer-assisted volumetric analysis (CAVA and estimated by ABC/2 formula, ICH score and GCS score was examined. The predicting performance of 30-day mortality of the aforementioned variables was evaluated. Statistical analysis was performed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests, paired t test, nonparametric test, linear regression analysis, and binary logistic regression. The receiver operating characteristics curves were plotted and areas under curve (AUC were calculated for 30-day mortality. A P value less than 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.The overall 30-day mortality rate was 15.1% of ICH patients. The hematoma shape, hematoma size, ICH score, and GCS score all significantly predict the 30-day mortality for ICH patients, with an AUC of 0.692 (P = 0.0018, 0.715 (P = 0.0008 (by ABC/2 to 0.738 (P = 0.0002 (by CAVA, 0.877 (P<0.0001 (by ABC/2 to 0.882 (P<0.0001 (by CAVA, and 0.912 (P<0.0001, respectively.Our study shows that hematoma shape, hematoma size, ICH scores and GCS score all significantly predict the 30-day mortality in an increasing order of AUC. The effect of overestimation of hematoma size by ABC/2 formula in predicting the 30-day mortality could be remedied by using ICH score.

  20. Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma in a patient with multiple myeloma

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    Abrar Ahad Wani


    Full Text Available Acute spontaneous subdural hematoma in a patient of multiple myeloma receiving chemotherapy is an unknown event, needing an urgent neurosurgical management. We report this patient who presented with progressive neurological deterioration and a low platelet count. She was successfully managed by craniotomy and evacuation of subdural hematoma with intraoperative transfusion of platelets. The acute spontaneous subdural hematoma in her was probably related to the bleeding diathesis due to thrombocytopenia associated with chemotherapy.

  1. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for severe jaundice in patients with acute Budd-Chiari syndrome. (United States)

    He, Fu-Liang; Wang, Lei; Zhao, Hong-Wei; Fan, Zhen-Hua; Zhao, Meng-Fei; Dai, Shan; Yue, Zhen-Dong; Liu, Fu-Quan


    To evaluate the feasibility of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for severe jaundice secondary to acute Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS). From February 2009 to March 2013, 37 patients with severe jaundice secondary to acute BCS were treated. Sixteen patients without hepatic venule, hepatic veins (HV) obstruction underwent percutaneous angioplasty of the inferior vena cava (IVC) and/or HVs. Twenty-one patients with HV occlusion underwent TIPS. Serum bilirubin, liver function, demographic data and operative data of the two groups of patients were analyzed. Twenty-one patients underwent TIPS and the technical success rate was 100%, with no technical complications. Sixteen patients underwent recanalization of the IVC and/or HVs and the technical success rate was 100%. The mean procedure time for TIPS was 84.0±12.11 min and angioplasty was 44.11±5.12 min (Pmean portosystemic pressure in the TIPS group decreased significantly from 40.50±4.32 to 16.05±3.50 mmHg (Pmean portosystemic pressure gradient decreased significantly from 33.60±2.62 to 7.30±2.21 mmHg (Pmean follow-up of 12.6 mo, there was no recurrence of jaundice in either group. Severe jaundice is not a contraindication for TIPS in patients with acute BCS and TIPS is appropriate for severe jaundice due to BCS.


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    Rubén Sabogal Barrios


    Full Text Available Treatment of subdural cronic hematoma in all ages is a therapeutic challenge. Chronic subdural hematoma is a disease that can be fatal without surgical treatment. A variety of treatment options like subdural tapping, endoscopic washout, shunting and craniotomy have been discussed. In chronic subdural hematoma, spontaneous resolution with conservative treatment is not an common therapeutic method because it has causes high mortality, requires long periods of time, and finally, many patients need surgical treatment. The etiology, physiopathology and surgical alternatives in the treatment of subdural chronic hematoma is discussed.

  3. Gastric Intramural Hematoma: A Case Report and Literature Review

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    Vivek Dhawan


    Full Text Available Intramural hematoma of the gastrointestinal tract is an uncommon occurrence, with the majority being localized to the esophagus or duodenum. Hematoma of the gastric wall is very rare, and has been described most commonly in association with coagulopathy, peptic ulcer disease, trauma, and amyloid-associated microaneurysms. A case of massive gastric intramural hematoma, secondary to anticoagulation therapy, and a gastric ulcer that was successfully managed with conservative therapy, is presented. A literature review of previously reported cases of gastric hematoma is also provided.

  4. Parâmetros dopplervelocimétricos na avaliação da perviedade da anastomose portossistêmica intra-hepática transjugular (TIPS Dopplerflowmetric patterns for evaluation of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt patency

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    Antonio Sergio Zafred Marcelino


    Full Text Available A anastomose portossistêmica intra-hepática transjugular (TIPS é um procedimento intervencionista minimamente invasivo realizado pela introdução de prótese metálica auto-expansível no parênquima hepático, via transjugular. Tem por objetivo tratar as complicações da hipertensão portal, principalmente a hemorragia digestiva alta e a ascite refratária. A estenose é complicação freqüente, embora o procedimento seja eficaz e com baixo índice de insucesso. O diagnóstico precoce da estenose é de fundamental importância, pois interfere no tipo de tratamento a ser realizado e o reaparecimento dos sintomas pode ser grave. O ultra-som Doppler é então utilizado para o seguimento dos pacientes portadores do TIPS, e vários parâmetros são descritos na literatura para o diagnóstico de estenose, como: as velocidades mínima e máxima no interior da prótese, a velocidade na veia porta, o gradiente de velocidade entre dois pontos da prótese, e outros. Infelizmente não há consenso sobre qual parâmetro ou conjunto de parâmetros é mais eficaz no diagnóstico, porque os protocolos de avaliação variam de instituição para instituição. Os autores realizaram uma revisão dos parâmetros de estenose descritos na literatura e de outros aspectos de fundamental importância na compreensão do procedimento, como as indicações, as contra-indicações e a fisiopatologia da estenose.Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS is a minimally invasive interventional procedure that consists of placement of an auto expandable metallic stent in the hepatic parenchyma via transjugular. It is used to treat the complications of portal hypertension, particularly digestive bleeding of gullet varices and refractory ascites. Although TIPS is an efficient procedure with low rate of failure some complications such as stenosis are frequent. Early diagnosis of stenosis is mandatory since it interferes with the type of treatment and the


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    Ali ihsan Uysal


    Full Text Available Cerebral venous thrombosis is a rare but a serious complication of spinal anesthesia. It usually occurs in the presence of predisposing factors such as pregnancy, puerperium, use of oral contraceptive drugs, malignancies, thrombocytopenia and the most frequent symptom is headache. Twenty-two years of age, pregnant woman had a complaint of headache after spinal anesthesia for caesarean section and diagnosed as post-dural puncture headache, the treatment was begun. After detecting responsiveness to treatment, radiological imaging procedures were performed and subdural hematoma and transverse sinus thrombosis were detected. In this case report, it was concluded under current literatures that the subdural hematoma and transverse sinus thrombosis should be kept in mind during the diagnosis of post-dural puncture headache. [J Contemp Med 2013; 3(2.000: 116-120

  6. Hematoma extradural do vértex: relato de caso Epidural hematoma at the vertex: case report

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    Luiz Fernando Haikel Jr.


    Full Text Available Relatamos caso incomum de um paciente de 37 anos com hematoma extradural traumático do vértex com sintomas de hipertensão intracraniana. O diagnóstico foi feito através da tomografia do crânio em cortes coronais e o paciente foi submetido a craniotomia com drenagem do hematoma.We report the unusual case of a 37 years old man with an epidural traumatic hematoma at the vertex with intracranial hypertension symptoms. The diagnostic was achieved with coronal cranial tomographic scans and a craniotomy was performed for hematoma removal.

  7. Hematoma subdural crónico

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    Jairo Martínez Rozo


    Full Text Available Se estudiaron 169 pacientes con diagnóstico de Hematoma Subdural Crónico (H.S.C. admitidos en el Servicio Neurocirugía del Hospital San Juan de Dios desde 1959 a 1980. Los datos clínicos y paraclínicos fueron recopilados en un formato precodificado y luego perforados en tarjetas de computador. Usando el Computador 360/40 disponible en el Centro de Cálculo de la Universidad Nacional y el Computador Intel de el DANE y utilizando el programa SPSS se clasificó, ordenó y depuró.la información. Se analizaron en cuadro y gráficas los resultados que son los siguientes: el 75% de los pacientes hospitalizados por T.C.E. tenían Hematomas Subdurales Crónicos. El mayor número de casos estaba entre 50 y 60 años. La incidencia de H.S.C. era más elevada en el grupo de los hombres. La cefalea ocurrió en el 75% de los casos, el antecedente traumático estaba presente en 83% de casos y la alteración de la conciencia en el 71%. El 90% de los pacientes consultó dentro de los primeros 4 meses. La angiografía continúa siendo el examen de elección con el 100% de positividad. En la isodensidad en diferentes etapas de evolución del H.S.C. dificulta el diagnóstico. El E.E.G. tiene una positividad del 93% . La frecuencia de H.S.C. bilateral fue de 20%. La anisocoria fue un índice poco confiable para indicar el sitio del Hematoma porque hubo 11 casos de anisocoria por midriasis derecha que tenían el hematoma contralateral. El predominio parietal en la localización del H.S,C. creemos que se deba a su mecanismo de producción. Se analiza la mortalidad que fue en el estudio de 8% , las secuelas aumentaron con la edad de los pacientes. El estudio de seguimiento se hizo en el 40% de los pacientes que sobrevivieron y demostró la baja morbilidad del H.S.C.

  8. Spontaneous subdural hematoma associated to Duret hemorrhage

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    William Alves Martins, MD


    Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SH is a neurosurgical emergency, usually caused by head trauma. Non-traumatic causes include aneurysm or arterial–venous malformation rupture, coagulopathy and others. We report the case of a 66 year-old man who developed apparently unprovoked signs of increased intracranial pressure. Brain computed tomography scan showed an acute spontaneous SH, surgically treated. Throughout surgery, a ruptured cortical artery with intensive bleeding appeared and was cauterized. After surgery, patient remained comatose and a new CT demonstrated Duret hemorrhage at the brainstem. Acute spontaneous SH of arterial origin is rare and highly lethal, in which a good prognosis relies on early diagnosis and treatment.

  9. TIPS - anastomose portossistêmica intra-hepática transjugular. Revisão TIPS - transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt. A review

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    Gerson CARREIRO


    -expansiva.At the present time several therapeutic options are used for the treatment of bleeding esophageal varices in patients with portal hypertension. We will review the main medical publications on transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS, a procedure seldom used among us. TIPS works as a portocaval side-to-side shunt and decreases the risk of esophageal bleeding through lowering of the portal system pressure and a decrease of the portal hepatic pressure gradient. TIPS consists in the percutaneous insertion, through the internal jugular vein, of a metallic stent under fluoroscopic control in the hepatic parenchyma creating a true porta caval communication. There are several studies demonstrating the efficacy of TIPS, although only a few of them are randomized and control-matched to allow us to conclude that this procedure is safe, efficient and with a good cost benefit ratio. In this review, we search for the analysis of the TIPS utilization, its techniques, its major indications and complications. TIPS has been used in cases of gastroesophageal bleeding that has failed with pharmacologic or endoscopic treatment in patients Child-Pugh B and C. It can be used also as a bridge for liver transplantation. Others indications for TIPS are uncontrolled ascites, hepatic renal syndrome, and hepatic hydrotorax. The main early complications of TIPS using are related to the insertion site and hepatic encephalopathy and the stent occlusion is the chief late complication.

  10. Submucosal esophageal hematoma precipitated by chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura

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    Kanika Sharma, MBBS


    Full Text Available Submucosal esophageal hematoma is an uncommon clinical entity. It can occur spontaneously or secondary to trauma, toxins, medical intervention, and in this case, coagulopathy. Management of SEH is supportive and aimed at its underlying cause. This article reports an 81-year-old male patient with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and hypertension that develops a submucosal esophageal hematoma.

  11. Air in acute Extradural Hematoma: management and outcome analysis

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    Satyarthee Guru Dutta


    Full Text Available Extradural hematoma with air bubbles has been described in literature. However the significance of it needs special attention with respect to prognosis. We report five case of extradural hematoma with air bubble and its management along with pertinent literature is reviewed briefly.

  12. Chronic expanding hematoma in the retroperitoneal space: a case report. (United States)

    Syuto, Takahiro; Hatori, Motoaki; Masashi, Nomura; Sekine, Yoshitaka; Suzuki, Kazuhiro


    Chronic expanding hematoma is a rare condition that develops after surgery, trauma, or injury. It can also develop at any location in the body in the absence of trauma. Clinical findings and various diagnostic imaging modalities can aid in the differential diagnosis of this condition. In general, hematomas are naturally reabsorbed and rarely cause serious problems. However, hematomas that develop slowly without a history of trauma, surgery, or bleeding disorders could be difficult to differentiate from soft tissue neoplasms. In the present case, we describe a patient, without any history or physical evidence of trauma, who exhibited a large chronic expanding hematoma in the retroperitoneal space that resulted in hydronephrosis because of the pressure exerted on the left ureter. A 69-year-old man presented to our hospital with a swollen lesion in the left flank. A mass, 19 cm in diameter, was detected in the retroperitoneal space by computed tomography. We suspected the presence of a chronic expanding hematoma, soft tissue tumor, or left renal artery aneurysm. Surgical treatment was performed. However, postoperative histopathological examination indicated that the mass was a nonmalignant chronic expanding hematoma. No recurrence was observed during a 2-year follow-up period. In patients without a history of trauma who present slowly growing masses, the differential diagnosis should include chronic expanding hematoma in addition to cysts and soft tissue tumors. Moreover, the use of magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography is essential to differentiate between chronic expanding hematoma and soft tissue tumors.

  13. Acute Spontaneous Posterior Fossa Subdural Hematoma

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    Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin


    Full Text Available Acute posterior fossa subdural hematomas are rare and most of them are trauma-related. Non-traumatic ones have been reported in patients who had idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura or those who had been receiving anticoagulant therapy. We report on the case of 57-year-old Iranian man who developed sudden severe occipital headache, drowsiness, repeated vomiting, and instability of stance and gait. He was neither hypertensive nor diabetic. No history of head trauma was obtained and he denied illicit drug or alcohol ingestion. A preliminary diagnosis of acute intra-cerebellar hemorrhage was made. His CT brain scan revealed an acute right-sided, extra-axial, crescent-shaped hyperdense area at the posterior fossa. His routine blood tests, platelets count, bleeding time, and coagulation profile were unremarkable. The patient had spontaneous acute infratentorial subdural hematoma. He was treated conservatively and discharged home well after 5 days. Since then, we could not follow-up him, clinically and radiologically because he went back to Iran. Our patient’s presentation, clinical course, and imaging study have called for conservative management, as the overall presentation was relatively benign. Unless the diagnosis is entertained and the CT brain scan is well-interpreted, the diagnosis may easily escape detection.

  14. Extramedullary Hematopoiesis: An Unusual Finding in Subdural Hematomas

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    Rong Li


    Full Text Available We present a case of a 59-year-old man who was found to have clusters of hyperchromatic, small, round nucleated cells within a subdural hematoma removed after a skull fracture. Immunohistochemistry study confirmed that the cells were hematopoietic components predominantly composed of normoblasts. In this paper, we describe the clinical and pathological findings. A brief review of published information on extramedullary hematopoiesis in subdural hematoma and the mechanisms of pathogenesis are also discussed. While extramedullary hematopoiesis is seen anecdotally by neuropathologists in chronic subdural hematomas, only a few cases are documented in the literature. Furthermore, extramedullary hematopoiesis in subdural hematoma can pose a diagnostic challenge for general pathologists who encounter subdural hematoma evacuations seldom in their surgical pathology practices.

  15. A Rare Cause of Acute Pancreatitis: Intramural Duodenal Hematoma

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    Hemant Goyal


    Full Text Available We describe an interesting case of intramural duodenal hematoma in an otherwise healthy male who presented to emergency room with gradually progressive abdominal pain, nausea, and vomiting. This condition was missed on initial evaluation and patient was discharged from emergency room with diagnosis of acute gastritis. After 3 days, patient came back to emergency room and abdominal imaging studies were conducted which showed that patient had intramural duodenal hematoma associated with gastric outlet obstruction and pancreatitis. Hematoma was the cause of acute pancreatitis as pancreatic enzymes levels were normal at the time of first presentation, but later as the hematoma grew in size, it caused compression of pancreas and subsequent elevation of pancreatic enzymes. We experienced a case of pancreatitis which was caused by intramural duodenal hematoma. This case was missed on initial evaluation. We suggest that physicians should be more vigilant about this condition.

  16. Recurrent subdural hematoma secondary to headbanging: A case report. (United States)

    Nitta, Naoki; Jito, Junya; Nozaki, Kazuhiko


    "Headbanging" is the slang term used to denote violent shaking of one's head in time with the music. This abrupt flexion-extension movement of the head to rock music extremely rarely causes a subdural hematoma. A 24-year-old female was admitted to our department because of right sided partial seizure and acute or subacute subdural hematoma over the left cerebral convexity. She had no history of recent head trauma but performed headbanging at a punk rock concert at 3 days before admission. Since, she had a previous acute subdural hematoma on the same side after an accidental fall from a baby buggy when she was 11 months old, the present was recurrent subdural hematoma probably due to headbanging. Headbanging has the hazardous potential to cause a subdural hematoma.

  17. [Spontaneous epidural hematoma after open heart surgery: case report]. (United States)

    Anegawa, S; Hayashi, T; Furukawa, Y; Nagashima, T; Kumate, M


    Acute epidural hematoma not associated with head injury is rarely encountered and is known as spontaneous epidural hematoma. To our knowledge, only five cases with epidural hematoma after open-heart surgery have been published. Pathogenesis and preventive measures have not yet been determined. We report a case of such spontaneous epidural hematoma and consider the possible pathogenesis. A 12-year-old female received a radical operation for severe subaortic stenosis. The intraoperative course was uneventful except for massive hemorrhage which was adequately controlled. Postoperatively, she was moved to the CCU still not having aroused from anesthesia. Eleven hours later, it was found that her pupils were fixed and dilated. CT scan demonstrated a huge bifrontal epidural hematoma with disappearance of the basal cistern. Even though immediate emergency evacuation was performed, the patient died of acute brain swelling four days after the operation.

  18. Transjugular balloon mitral valvotomy in a patient with severe kyphoscoliosis

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    George Joseph


    Full Text Available Balloon mitral valvotomy (BMV performed by the conventional transfemoral approach can be difficult or even impossible in the presence of structural impediments such as severe kyphoscoliosis, gross cardiac anatomic distortion and inferior vena caval anomalies. A 25-year-old woman with severe thoracolumbar kyphoscoliosis due to poliomyelitis presented with symptomatic rheumatic mitral valve stenosis. After the failure of transfemoral BMV, the procedure was attempted from the right jugular access, using a modified septal puncture technique. The left atrium was entered from the jugular access and the mitral valve was crossed and dilated successfully using over the wire balloon technique. Transjugular BMV is an effective alternative in patients with kyphoscoliotic spine that preclude transfemoral approach. The detailed technique used for the procedure, its advantages as well as the other percutaneous treatment options are also discussed.

  19. Radiofrequency Ablation for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Patients with Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunts

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    Park, Jonathan K., E-mail: [David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Department of Radiology (United States); Al-Tariq, Quazi Z., E-mail: [Stanford University School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (United States); Zaw, Taryar M., E-mail:; Raman, Steven S., E-mail:; Lu, David S.K., E-mail: [David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Department of Radiology (United States)


    PurposeTo assess radiofrequency (RF) ablation efficacy, as well as the patency of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPSs), in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC).Materials and MethodsRetrospective database review of patients with pre-existing TIPS undergoing RF ablation of HCC was conducted over a 159-month period ending in November 2013. TIPS patency pre- and post-RF ablation was assessed by ultrasound, angiography, and/or contrast-enhanced CT or MRI. Patient demographics and immediate post-RF ablation outcomes and complications were also reviewed.Results19 patients with 21 lesions undergoing 25 RF ablation sessions were included. Child-Pugh class A, B, and C scores were seen in 1, 13, and 5 patients, respectively. Eleven patients (58 %) ultimately underwent liver transplantation. Immediate technical success was seen in all ablation sessions without residual tumor enhancement (100 %). No patients (0 %) suffered liver failure within 1 month of ablation. Pre-ablation TIPS patency was demonstrated in 22/25 sessions (88 %). Of 22 cases with patent TIPS prior to ablation, post-ablation patency was demonstrated in 22/22 (100 %) at immediate post-ablation imaging and in 21/22 (95 %) at last follow-up (1 patient was incidentally noted to have occlusion 31 months later). No immediate complications were observed.ConclusionAblation efficacy was similar to the cited literature values for patients without TIPS. Furthermore, TIPS patency was preserved in the majority of cases. Patients with both portal hypertension and HCC are not uncommonly encountered, and a pre-existing TIPS does not appear to be a definite contraindication for RF ablation.

  20. Acute pancreatitis secondary to intramural duodenal hematoma: Case report and literature review. (United States)

    Shiozawa, Kazue; Watanabe, Manabu; Igarashi, Yoshinori; Matsukiyo, Yasushi; Matsui, Teppei; Sumino, Yasukiyo


    Nontraumatic intramural duodenal hematoma (IDH) is rare disease and it is generally related to coagulation abnormalities. Reports of nontraumatic IDH associated with pancreatic disease are relatively rare, and various conditions including acute or chronic pancreatitis are thought to be associated with nontraumatic IDH. However, the association between IDH and acute pancreatitis remains unknown. We report the case of a 45-year-old man who presented with vomiting and right hypochondrial pain. He had no medical history, but was a heavy drinker. The diagnosis of IDH was established by computed tomography, ultrasonography and endoscopy, and it was complicated by acute pancreatitis. The lesions resolved with conservative management. We discuss this case in the context of previously reported cases of IDH concomitant with acute pancreatitis. In our patient, acute pancreatitis occurred concurrently with hematoma, probably due to obstruction of the duodenal papilla, or compression of the pancreas caused by the hematoma. The present analysis of the published cases of IDH with acute pancreatitis provides some information on the pathogenesis of IDH and its relationship with acute pancreatitis.

  1. [Dissecting intramural hematoma of the esophagus: a rare cause of chest pain]. (United States)

    Kimmoun, Antoine; Abboud, Georges; Steinbach, Gérard; Tellaroli, Jean-Claude; Bemer, Michel


    Dissecting intramural hematoma of the esophagus is a rare cause of chest pain that can be misinterpreted as a myocardial infarction. The use of anticoagulants in this case may lead to hemorrhagic complications. A 51-year-old patient, with coronary artery disease, diabetes, hypertension and dependent on both alcohol and tobacco, was admitted for chest pain and an elevated troponin T plasma level. He was treated with anticoagulants. He developed hematemesis on the third day and was transferred to intensive care. Esophageal endoscopy revealed a hematoma with active bleeding, covered by esophageal mucosa from the middle to the lower third of the esophagus (for 13 cm). Computed tomography allowed us to rule out an aortoesophageal fistula. Symptomatic treatment consisted of withdrawing the anticoagulant, mechanical ventilation, intravenous sedation, and blood transfusion. The patient recovered, after a long stay in ICU. Intramural dissecting hematoma of the esophagus is not always easy to diagnose. Administration of anticoagulant treatment after a misdiagnosis of acute coronary syndrome can have serious hemorrhagic consequences. Prognosis is excellent with conservative treatment.

  2. Hematoma de músculo iliopsoas na vigência de tratamento com varfarina Hematoma de músculo iliopsoas en la vigencia de tratamiento con warfarina Iliopsoas muscle hematoma during treatment with warfarin

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    Gabriel Zago


    Full Text Available A varfarina é droga amplamente utilizada na prevenção de fenômenos tromboembólicos e o conhecimento de seus efeitos adversos faz-se necessário para o acompanhamento dos pacientes. Embora o desenvolvimento de discrasias sanguíneas seja complicação potencial nesses pacientes, a ocorrência de sangramento retroperitoneal é rara. Este artigo discute o caso de um paciente que evoluiu com hematoma do músculo iliopsoas durante tratamento com a referida droga, pós-implante de prótese aórtica metálica, com quadro clínico envolvendo importantes diagnósticos diferenciais.La warfarina es un fármaco ampliamente utilizado en la prevención de fenómenos tromboembólicos, y el conocimiento de sus efectos adversos se hace necesario para el seguimiento de los pacientes. Aunque el desarrollo de discrasias sanguíneas es la complicación potencial en estos pacientes, la ocurrencia de sangrado retroperitoneal es rara. Este artículo discute el caso de un paciente que evolucionó con hematoma del músculo ileopsoas durante tratamiento con el referido fármaco en el postimplante de prótesis mitral metálica, con cuadro clínico implicando importantes diagnósticos diferenciales.Warfarin is a widely used drug for the prevention of thromboembolic events. Knowledge of its adverse effects is necessary for patient follow-up. Although the development of blood dyscrasias is a potential complication in these patients, retroperitoneal bleeding is rare. This article reports the case of a patient who developed iliopsoas muscle hematoma during treatment with warfarin after implantation of a metallic prosthetic aortic valve. The clinical manifestations involved important differential diagnoses.

  3. Intramuscular hematoma with motor weakness after trigger point injection (United States)

    Kim, Sang Gyun; Shim, Kwang Seok; Lee, Dong Won; Kim, Eun ju; Lee, Sang-Gon; Lee, Ji-Hyang; An, Ji hyun


    Abstract Rationale: Although trigger point injection is known as an easy and low-risk procedure, it is contraindicated to patients with hemorrhagic disorders or who regularly take anticoagulants/antiplatelets. However, taking clopidogrel is not a defined contraindication to this low-risk procedure. Patient concerns: The chief complaint of a 76-year old woman regularly taking clopidogrel was low back and left buttock pain which prolonged for several years. Diagnoses: The patient was diagnosed with L4-5 and L5-S1 spinal stenosis at the orthopedics department and was referred for lumbar spinal epidural steroid injection. Intervention: She was treated with trigger point injection. Outcomes: Three hours after the injection, she complained motor weakness and pain in the injection area. A hematoma on left gluteus medium muscle was detected with ultrasonography and ultrasound-guided needle aspiration was accomplished to relieve the symptom. Lessons: Trigger point injection for patients taking clopidogrel should be done with a caution to prevent such complication. PMID:28953648

  4. Sciatica due to pelvic hematoma: case report

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    Kocaman Umit


    Full Text Available Sciatica is defined as pain in the sciatic nerve distribution. The most common reason of sciatica is radiculopathy due to lumbar disc hernia. Other causes can be congenital, acquired, infectious, neoplastic, or inflammatory. The piriformis syndrome is another cause. The pain starts in an insidious manner when the cause of sciatica is an extraspinal tumor. It is intermittent at first but a constant and progressive pain that does not decrease with position or rest gradually develops in all patients. The possibility of an intraabdominal or pelvic mass should always be considered and the relevant tests requested when the cause of the sciatica cannot be explained. We present an 83-year-old male who presented with non-traumatic and non-vascular lumbosacral plexopathy due to a large hematoma in the left adductor muscle following the use of warfarin sodium.

  5. Giant Chest Wall Hematoma Mimicking Elastofibroma Dorsi: A Case Report

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    Lee, Yeon Soo; Park, Kuhn; Kim, Jong Ok; Choi, Eun Seok; Kang, Si Won [Daejeon St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    Hematoma on the thoracic wall is very rare. We describe here a 63-year-old man with a huge chest wall hematoma and the man had no history of trauma. The patient was found to have a large mass located subjacent to the inferior angle of the right scapula area and the CT and MRI findings were similar to those of an elastofibroma dorsi. We describe the CT and MRI findings of this hematoma and how to make the differential diagnosis from elastofibroma dorsi

  6. First report of hepatic hematoma after presumed Bothrops envenomation

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    Fernanda Cristina Cunha


    Full Text Available ABSTRACTIn Latin America, Bothrops envenomation is responsible for the majority of accidents caused by venomous snakes. Patients usually present local edema, bleeding and coagulopathy. Visceral hemorrhage is extremely rare and considered a challenge for diagnosis and management. We report the first case of hepatic hematoma owing to the bothropic envenomation in a 66-year-old man who was bitten in the left leg. He presented local edema, coagulopathy, and acute kidney injury. Radiological findings suggested hepatic hematoma, with a volume of almost 3 liters. The hepatic hematoma was gradually absorbed without the need for surgical intervention with complete resolution in 8 months.

  7. Vital Life-Threatening Hematoma after Implant Insertion in the Anterior Mandible: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Eik Schiegnitz


    Full Text Available Dental implant insertion is considered a safe and reliable surgical procedure and severe complications are seldom reported. However, we present a case of a 52-year-old patient who attended our Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Johannes Gutenberg University Medical Center, Mainz, with spreading hematoma in the floor of the mouth and acute airway obstruction after insertion of a dental implant in the anterior mandible. The hematoma was removed and submentally drained by a silicon drainage. However, the progressive swelling of the tongue and the floor of the mouth necessitated a temporary tracheotomy for three days. The review of the literature summarizes guidelines for prevention and management of this life-threatening complication.

  8. Intracranial subdural hematoma after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section: Case report and review of literature

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    Uma Srivastava


    Full Text Available Subdural hematoma (SDH is a rare but serious complication of spinal anesthesia. We report a case of intracranial SDH in a patient developing 11 days after spinal anesthesia for cesarean section. The patient complained of headache on the 2nd post-operative day that was relieved by analgesics, bed rest and hydration. Later she presented with severe headache, vomiting, dizziness, dysarthria, irritability and somnolence. Diagnosis of the left sided SDH was confirmed radiologically and treated surgically. The patient recovered completely. The report highlights the need of considering the possibility of SDH in patients when postdural puncture headache is prolonged or recurs after a headache free period with neurological symptoms.

  9. Life-threatening hematoma after recurrent femoral artery puncture on a patient with massive pulmonary embolism

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    Serkan Burc Deser


    Full Text Available Acute pulmonary embolism (PE is a life threatening condition which represents with a severe manifestation of a venous thromboembolic disease. The incidence of PE ranges from 2% to 7%. When a patient is suspected with acute PE, she/he must be hemodynamically stabilized including a respiratory support, hemodynamic support, and empiric anticoagulation therapy. Although empirical anticoagulant therapy may protect the patient, sometimes it is not innocent. In these patients, care must be taken in terms of complications after blood gas analysis, which is a clue to PE diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Here, we present management of a patient with a huge femoral hematoma who diagnosed with PE.

  10. Sarcopenia Is Risk Factor for Development of Hepatic Encephalopathy After Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Placement. (United States)

    Nardelli, Silvia; Lattanzi, Barbara; Torrisi, Sabrina; Greco, Francesca; Farcomeni, Alessio; Gioia, Stefania; Merli, Manuela; Riggio, Oliviero


    Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is an important complication in patients with cirrhosis who received transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS). We investigated whether a decrease in muscle mass was associated independently with the occurrence of HE after TIPS. We performed a prospective study of 46 consecutive patients with cirrhosis (mean age, 58.6 ± 9.1 y; mean model for end-stage liver disease score, 11.3 ± 3.3; mean Child-Pugh score, 7.6 ± 1.5) who received TIPS from January 2013 through December 2014 at a tertiary center in Rome, Italy. All patients underwent computed tomography analysis at the level of the third lumbar vertebrae to determine the skeletal muscle index; sarcopenia was defined by sex-specific cut-off values. We estimated the incidence of the first episode of HE after TIPS, taking into account the competing risk nature of the data (death or liver transplantation). Twenty-six patients (57%) were found to have sarcopenia. Twenty-one patients (46%) developed overt HE in the 7 ± 9 months after TIPS placement; all of these patients were sarcopenic, according to the skeletal muscle index. Of the 25 patients without HE after TIPS, only 5 had sarcopenia. In multivariate analysis, model for end-stage liver disease score (subdistribution hazard ratio, 1.16; 95% confidence interval, 1.01-1.34; P = .043) and sarcopenia (subdistribution hazard ratio, 31.3; 95% confidence interval, 4.5-218.07; P Sarcopenia should be considered in selecting patients for TIPS therapy. Nutritional status should be evaluated in patients with sarcopenia before TIPS placement, which might reduce the incidence of HE. Copyright © 2017 AGA Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. [Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting with covered stents in children: a preliminary study of safety and patency]. (United States)

    Zurera, L J; Espejo, J J; Canis, M; Bueno, A; Vicente, J; Gilbert, J J


    To retrospectively analyze the safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting (TIPS) using covered stents in children. We present 6 children (mean age, 10.6 years; mean weight, 33.5kg) who underwent TIPS with 8mm diameter Viatorr(®) covered stents for acute (n=4) or recurrent (n=2) upper digestive bleeding that could not be controlled by endoscopic measures. Five of the children had cirrhosis and the other had portal vein thrombosis with cavernous transformation. We analyzed the relapse of upper digestive bleeding, the complications that appeared, and the patency of the TIPS shunt on sequential Doppler ultrasonography or until transplantation. A single stent was implanted in a single session in each child; none of the children died. The mean transhepatic gradient decreased from 16mmHg (range: 12-21mmHg) before the procedure to 9mmHg (range: 1-15mmHg) after TIPS. One patient developed mild encephalopathy, and the girl who had portal vein thrombosis with cavernous transformation developed an acute occlusion of the TIPS that resolved after the implantation of a coaxial stent. Three children received transplants (7, 9, and 10 months after the procedure, respectively), and the patency of the TIPS was confirmed at transplantation. In the three remaining children, patency was confirmed with Doppler ultrasonography 1, 3, and 5 months after implantation. None of the children had new episodes of upper digestive bleeding during follow-up after implantation (mean: 8.1 months). Our results indicate that TIPS with 8mm diameter Viatorr(®) covered stents can be safe and efficacious for the treatment of upper digestive bleeding due to gastroesophageal varices in cirrhotic children; our findings need to be corroborated in larger series. Copyright © 2011 SERAM. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  12. Changes in signal intensity of cerebral hematoma in magnetic resonance. Claves en la semiologia del hematoma cerebral en resonancia magnetica

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    Galant, J.; Poyatos, C.; Marti-Bonmarti, L.; Martinez, J.; Ferrer, D.; Dualde, D.; Talens, A. (Universidad de Valencia (Spain). Facultad de Ciencias Quimicas)


    Magnetic resonance is highly sensitive for the detection of intraparenchymatous hemorrhage. The evolution of hematoma over time translates into changes in signal intensity. This means that we can determine when the hematoma presented and, in addition. follow its course. On the other hand, many intracranial processes developing association with hemorrhage, the recognition of which is, in some cases, of importance. We have studied 60 cerebral hematomas and have described the changes that will take place in their signal and the reasons for them. (author)

  13. Subdural Hematoma: An Adverse Event of Electroconvulsive Therapy—Case Report and Literature Review

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    Ranganath R. Kulkarni


    Full Text Available Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT is commonly used in the management of medication nonresponsive depressive disorder, with proven efficacy in psychiatric practice since many decades. A rare complication of intracranial bleed following this therapeutic procedure has been reported in sporadic case reports in the English literature. We report a case of such a complication in a 42-year-old male, a known case of nonorganic medication nonresponsive depressive disorder for the last two years who required ECT application. Presenting symptoms included altered mental state, urinary incontinence, and repeated episodes of vomiting; following ECT procedure with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI of the brain suggestive of bilateral acute subdural hematoma. Despite the view that it may be used in neurological conditions without raised intracranial tension, it will be worthwhile to be vigilant during post-ECT recovery for any emergent complications.

  14. Idiopathic intraparenchymal hematoma of the liver in a neonate

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    Amodio, John; Fefferman, Nancy; Rivera, Rafael; Pinkney, Lynne; Strubel, Naomi [Division of Pediatric Radiology, Department of Radiology, New York University Medical Center, 560 1st Avenue, New York, NY 10016 (United States)


    Hepatic hematomas in newborn infants are not frequently detected clinically, but are often found at perinatal autopsies. These hematomas of the liver are usually subcapsular in location. A variety of etiologies for such hematomas has been implicated, such as trauma, sepsis, and coagulopathies. We present a neonate who presented with jaundice and abdominal distention. Initial imaging studies revealed a large intraparenchymal lesion of the liver, which was at first thought to be suspicious for neoplasm; however, MRI showed the lesion to be hemorrhagic and follow-up sonographic studies showed total resolution of this lesion, compatible with hematoma. The intraparenchymal location and the idiopathic nature of this lesion distinguish this case from others previously reported. (orig.)

  15. A new alternative for a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt: EUS-guided creation of an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (with video). (United States)

    Buscaglia, Jonathan M; Dray, Xavier; Shin, Eun Ji; Magno, Priscilla; Chmura, Kevin M; Surti, Vihar C; Dillon, Travis E; Ducharme, Richard W; Donatelli, Gianfranco; Thuluvath, Paul J; Giday, Samuel A; Kantsevoy, Sergey V


    Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPSS) is an effective treatment for portal hypertension and its associated complications. EUS-guided creation of an intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (IPSS) may become a useful alternative to conventional TIPSS. To assess the feasibility of EUS-guided IPSS creation in a live porcine model. Acute and survival experiments in 50-kg pigs. Under linear-array EUS guidance, the hepatic vein (HV) and then the portal vein (PV) were punctured with a 19-gauge FNA needle. A 0.035-inch guidewire was advanced through the needle into the PV lumen. The needle was exchanged over the wire, a metal stent was deployed under EUS and fluoroscopic guidance, and the distal end of the stent was positioned inside the PV and the proximal end within the HV. Eight animals were euthanized after the procedure, and 2 animals were kept alive for 2 weeks. Successful EUS-guided IPSS creation. Portosystemic shunt placement was successful in all animals. Intrahepatic vascular puncture and stent deployment were technically easy. Portosystemic flow through the shunt was documented by portal venogram and EUS Doppler. Necropsy performed after acute and survival experiments revealed no evidence of bleeding or damage to any intraperitoneal organs. There were no complications during the follow-up period in the 2 animals that were kept alive. Experiments were performed in healthy animals with normal PV pressure. EUS-guided IPSS creation is technically feasible and may become an alternative to the currently used method of TIPSS placement.

  16. Hematoma hepático subcapsular en el puerperio


    Carazo H,Belén; Romero C,Manuel Ángel; Puebla M,Cristina; Sanz M,Amelia; Rojas P,Beatriz


    El hematoma hepático subcapsular es una complicación infrecuente y grave durante la gestación o el período puerperal. Esta patología generalmente se relaciona con preeclampsia o síndrome de HELLP. Su diagnóstico debe confirmarse por tomografía axial computarizada. La precocidad del diagnóstico y tratamiento es importante para evitar la ruptura del hematoma.

  17. Unilateral proptosis and extradural hematoma in a child with scurvy

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    Verma, Sumit; Sivanandan, Sindhu; Seth, Rachna; Kabra, Shushil [All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Department of Pediatrics, New Delhi (India); Aneesh, Mangalasseril K.; Gupta, Vaibhav [All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), Department of Radiodiagnosis, New Delhi (India)


    We report a 3-year-old boy with unilateral proptosis, painful swelling of the right thigh and aphasia. He had radiographic evidence of scurvy in the limbs and bilateral frontal extradural hematomas with a mass lesion in the left orbit on MRI. He was treated with vitamin C and on follow-up 8 weeks later had recovered with no evidence of the orbital mass on clinical or radiological study. Scurvy manifesting as proptosis and extradural hematoma is rare. (orig.)

  18. Chronic spinal subdural hematoma; Spinales chronisches subdurales Haematom

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    Hagen, T.; Lensch, T. [Radiologengemeinschaft, Augsburg (Germany)


    Compared with spinal epidural hematomas, spinal subdural hematomas are rare; chronic forms are even more uncommon. These hematomas are associated not only with lumbar puncture and spinal trauma, but also with coagulopathies, vascular malformations and tumors. Compression of the spinal cord and the cauda equina means that the patients develop increasing back or radicular pain, followed by paraparesis and bladder and bowel paralysis, so that in most cases surgical decompression is carried out. On magnetic resonance imaging these hematomas present as thoracic or lumbar subdural masses, their signal intensity varying with the age of the hematoma. We report the clinical course and the findings revealed by imaging that led to the diagnosis in three cases of chronic spinal subdural hematoma. (orig.) [German] Spinale subdurale Haematome sind im Vergleich zu epiduralen Haematomen selten, chronische Verlaufsformen noch seltener. Ursaechlich sind neben Lumbalpunktionen und traumatischen Verletzungen auch Blutgerinnungsstoerungen, Gefaessmalformationen und Tumoren. Aufgrund der Kompression von Myelon und Cauda equina kommt es zu zunehmenden Ruecken- oder radikulaeren Schmerzen mit anschliessender Paraparese sowie einer Darm- und Blasenstoerung, weshalb in den meisten Faellen eine operative Entlastung durchgefuehrt wird. Magnetresonanztomographisch stellen sich die Haematome meist als thorakale bzw. lumbale subdurale Raumforderungen dar, die Signalintensitaet variiert mit dem Blutungsalter. Wir berichten ueber den klinischen Verlauf und die bildgebende Diagnostik von 3 Patienten mit spinalen chronischen subduralen Haematomen. (orig.)

  19. MRI findings in spinal subdural and epidural hematomas

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    Braun, Petra [Department of Radiology, Hospital La Plana, Ctra. De Vila-real a Borriana km. 0.5, 12540 Vila-real (Castello) (Spain)], E-mail:; Kazmi, Khuram [Department of Radiology, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, 500 University Drive, Hershey, PA 17033 (United States); Nogues-Melendez, Pablo; Mas-Estelles, Fernando; Aparici-Robles, Fernando [Department of Radiology, La Fe Hospital, Avenida Campanar, 21, 46009 Valencia (Spain)


    Background: Spinal hematomas are rare entities that can be the cause of an acute spinal cord compression syndrome. Therefore, an early diagnosis is of great importance. Patients and Methods: From 2001 to 2005 seven patients with intense back pain and/or acute progressive neurological deficit were studied via 1.5 T MRI (in axial and sagittal T1- and T2-weighted sequences). Follow-up MRI was obtained in six patients. Results: Four patients showed the MRI features of a hyperacute spinal hematoma (two spinal subdural hematoma [SSH] and two spinal epidural hematoma [SEH]), isointense to the spinal cord on T1- and hyperintense on T2-weighted sequences. One patient had an early subacute SEH manifest as heterogeneous signal intensity with areas of high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted images. Another patient had a late subacute SSH with high signal intensity on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. The final patient had a SEH in the late chronic phase being hypointense on T1- and T2-weighted sequences. Discussion: MRI is valuable in diagnosing the presence, location and extent of spinal hematomas. Hyperacute spinal hematoma and the differentiation between SSH and SEH are particular diagnostic challenges. In addition, MRI is an important tool in the follow-up in patients with conservative treatment.

  20. [Complications of purulent meningoencephalitis in children]. (United States)

    Rubin, A N; Shcherbuk, Yu A; Lyapin, A P


    An analysis of 19 cases of meningoencephalitis was made in infants aged under one year old. The disease was complicated by chronic subdural hematomas in 11 patients and by hydrocephalus in 8 patients. The article presents the strategy, treatment results and diagnostic procedures volume. Based on their work, the authors made a conclusion that meningoencephalitis required an emergency neurosurgical interference in order to avoid complications in convalescence period.

  1. Hematoma in Retzius' space following US-guided prostate biopsy: evidence of the diagnostic accuracy using transrectal end-fire probe in the anterior prostate gland. (United States)

    Dell'atti, Lucio


    We report a rare case of hematoma in Retzius' space in a 62-year-old man who underwent transrectal prostate biopsy using an endocavitary, end-fire, convex probe. Clinical symptoms resolved spontaneously after catheter placement and appropriate antibiotic therapy. Transrectal ultrasound 1 month later showed partial resolution of the hematoma. Based on the analysis of this unusual complication, we demonstrate the effectiveness of transrectal biopsy as compared to transperineal biopsy in detecting cancer of the anterior prostate. We have also analyzed the various factors that may be the reason why core biopsy harvested in this "hidden" area may be inadequate.

  2. Subdural hematoma (SDH): assessment of macrophage reactivity within the dura mater and underlying hematoma. (United States)

    Al-Sarraj, S; Mohamed, S; Kibble, M; Rezaie, P


    Macrophages are an inherent component of the dura mater, and can be characterised in cases of subdural hematoma (SDH) by their progressive and varying accumulation within areas of damage. Gross and histological methods used to determine the age of SDH are inexact. These are in part due to the active nature of such lesions and the diverse manner in which trauma victims respond to injury. Correct diagnosis has obvious medico-legal implications. However, there is as yet no specific diagnostic method that allows the age of SDH to be reliably determined. This study investigated the progressive and orderly pattern of reactivity of resident and infiltrating dural macrophages that occurs in response to injury associated with SDH. 26 postmortem cases of traumatic SDH were examined with survival times (onset of trauma to death) ranging from a few hours and up to 31 days. Macrophage reactivity associated with the dura mater and the underlying hematoma was determined using CD68 and MHC class II immunohistochemistry and the qualitative and quantitative findings compared with the presence of iron detected using conventional Perl's Prussian blue method. The results show that CD68 and MHC class II are differentially expressed within the dura mater and hematoma in SDH, and that the expression of MHC class II is markedly upregulated in the inner aspect of the dura mater within the initial 24 hours following injury. CD68 expression can be detected quantitatively in the hematoma, 24-48 hours after SDH, and within the dura following this period. Linear regression analysis further revealed a significant and positive association between the expression of MHC class II or CD68 antigens and the progressive survival of SDH up to 31 days post-injury, which was not seen with Perl's histochemical method. The expression of MHC class II antigen was a distinguishing, and quantifiable feature particularly localized within the inner aspect of the dura from a very early stage in the progression of

  3. Acute cervical epidural hematoma: case report

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    Full Text Available A 74 year-old patient with a nocturnal onset of neck and chest pain was brought to an emergency clinic. Physical examination and cardiac assessment were normal. Three hours after the addmittance, a flaccid paralysis of the four limbs supervened. Suspecting of an unusual onset of central nervous system infection, a lumbar puncture was performed, yielding 20 ml of normal cerebrospinal fluid. Thirty oinutes after the puncture, the patient completely regained neurological funcion. He was then referred to a General Hospital where a computed tomography (CT scan was done showing a large cervical epidural bleeding in the posterolateral region of C4/C5 extending to C7/Th1, along with a C6 vertebral body hemangioma. A magnetic resonance imaging revealed the same CT findings. A normal selective angiography of vertebral arteries, carotid arteries and thyreocervical trunk was carried out. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (ASSEH is a rare but dramatic cause of neurological impairment. In this article we report a fortunate case of complete recovery after an unusual spine cord decompression. We also review the current literature concerning diagnosis and treatment of ASSEH.

  4. TIPS Placement via Combined Transjugular and Transhepatic Approach for Cavernous Portal Vein Occlusion: Targeted Approach. (United States)

    Jourabchi, Natanel; McWilliams, Justin Pryce; Lee, Edward Wolfgang; Sauk, Steven; Kee, Stephen Thomas


    Purpose. We report a novel technique which aided recanalization of an occluded portal vein for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation in a patient with symptomatic portal vein thrombosis with cavernous transformation. Some have previously considered cavernous transformation a contraindication to TIPS. Case Presentation. 62-year-old man with chronic pancreatitis, portal vein thrombosis, portal hypertension and recurrent variceal bleeding presents with melena and hematemesis. The patient was severely anemic, hemodynamically unstable, and required emergent portal decompression. Attempts to recanalize the main portal vein using traditional transjugular access were unsuccessful. After percutaneous transhepatic right portal vein access and navigation of a wire through the occluded main portal vein, an angioplasty balloon was inflated at the desired site of shunt takeoff. The balloon was targeted and punctured from the transjugular approach, and a wire was passed into the portal system. TIPS placement then proceeded routinely. Conclusion. Although occlusion of the portal vein increases difficulty of performing TIPS, it should not be considered an absolute contraindication. We have described a method for recanalizing an occluded portal vein using a combined transhepatic and transjugular approach for TIPS. This approach may be useful to relieve portal hypertension in patients who fail endoscopic and/or surgical therapies.

  5. Transjugular biopsy case report of inferior vena cava hepatocellular carcinoma with intracardiac extension

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    Laurence Weinberg


    Conclusion: Transjugular biopsy of IVC masses can be performed effectively, in an awake patient, without the need for sedation or anaesthesia. Where multiple imaging modalities fail to confirm a diagnosis for liver or IVC pathology, transluminal biopsy can assist with definitive diagnosis and treatment planning.

  6. Transjugular renal biopsy in a case of nephrotic syndrome with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Siddiqi


    Full Text Available Renal biopsy in patients with nephrotic syndrome helps to establish the pathological diagnosis and subsequent treatment. In certain circumstances, biopsies are difficult to obtain because of the risk of bleeding. We report a case where renal biopsy was obtained through the transjugular route in a patient who had nephrotic syndrome with extrahepatic portal venous obstruction.

  7. TIPS Placement via Combined Transjugular and Transhepatic Approach for Cavernous Portal Vein Occlusion: Targeted Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natanel Jourabchi


    Full Text Available Purpose. We report a novel technique which aided recanalization of an occluded portal vein for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS creation in a patient with symptomatic portal vein thrombosis with cavernous transformation. Some have previously considered cavernous transformation a contraindication to TIPS. Case Presentation. 62-year-old man with chronic pancreatitis, portal vein thrombosis, portal hypertension and recurrent variceal bleeding presents with melena and hematemesis. The patient was severely anemic, hemodynamically unstable, and required emergent portal decompression. Attempts to recanalize the main portal vein using traditional transjugular access were unsuccessful. After percutaneous transhepatic right portal vein access and navigation of a wire through the occluded main portal vein, an angioplasty balloon was inflated at the desired site of shunt takeoff. The balloon was targeted and punctured from the transjugular approach, and a wire was passed into the portal system. TIPS placement then proceeded routinely. Conclusion. Although occlusion of the portal vein increases difficulty of performing TIPS, it should not be considered an absolute contraindication. We have described a method for recanalizing an occluded portal vein using a combined transhepatic and transjugular approach for TIPS. This approach may be useful to relieve portal hypertension in patients who fail endoscopic and/or surgical therapies.

  8. Liver Hematoma Presented as Midgut Volvulus Due To Medical Error: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Introduction The use of an umbilical catheterization is a usual practice in neonatal units. The insertion of the catheter has potential complications. Case Presentation Here, we report on our observation of a seven-day-old female newborn admitted for an abdominal distention and vomiting bile. Initially, diagnosis was midgut volvulus, for which an operation was performed. During the surgery, no intestinal malrotation, mesenteric defect or atresia was observed. Postoperative diagnosis was abdominal wall hematoma and rand ligament and ileus, as well as, sub-capsular liver hematoma. The patient had been hospitalized at birth at a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU. With the appearance of icterus on the first day of life, at the NICU tried to insert the umbilical catheter that had been filed. Conclusions The complication found in the patient was the result of an aggressive act (the umbilical catheter insertion. This intervention should not be carried out unless there are clear indications, and if so, it should be done with much care.

  9. Intracranial subdural hematoma coexisting with improvement in spontaneous intracranial hypotension after an epidural blood patch

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheng-Hsi Chang


    Full Text Available A 36-year-old male had spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH presenting with refractory headache for 4 months. Multiple epidural blood patches (EBPs yielded relief of symptoms, but the course was complicated, with asymptomatic intracranial subdural hematoma (SDH. Except for SDH, other radiological diagnostic signs of SIH were resolved and the patient’s headaches improved after EBP. Owing to a mass effect and persistent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF leakage, surgical repair of the spinal leakage was performed, but no cranial procedures were carried out. Postoperatively, the SDH completely resolved, but there was still CSF leakage at the level where surgery was performed. The patient has remained free of headache or other events for 3 years. It was reduction rather than elimination of the spinal CSF leak that yielded remission of SIH. In summary, intracranial SDH can be a complication of inadequately treated SIH (i.e. persistent minor CSF leakage. Management of SDH should focus on correction of the underlying SIH rather than craniotomy for hematoma evacuation.

  10. The Nelaton Catheter Guard for Safe and Effective Placement of Subdural Drain for Two-Burr-Hole Trephination in Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Technical Note. (United States)

    Fichtner, Jens; Beck, Jürgen; Raabe, A; Stieglitz, Lennart Henning


    For chronic subdural hematoma, placement of a Blake drain with a two-burr-hole craniotomy is often preferred. However, the placement of such drains carries the risk of penetrating the brain surface or damaging superficial venous structures. To describe the use of a Nelaton catheter for the placement of a subdural drain in two-burr-hole trephination for chronic subdural hematoma. A Nelaton catheter was used to guide placement of a Blake drain into the subdural hematoma cavity and provide irrigation of the hematoma cavity. With the two-burr-hole method, the Nelaton catheter could be removed easily via the frontal burr hole after the Blake drain was in place. We used the Nelaton catheters in many surgical procedures and found it a safe and easy technique. This method allows the surgeon to safely direct the catheter into the correct position in the subdural space. This tool has two advantages. First, the use of a small and flexible Nelaton catheter is a safe method for irrigation of a chronic subdural hematoma cavity. Second, in comparison with insertion of subdural drainage alone through a burr hole, the placement of the Nelaton catheter in subdural space is easier and the risk of damaging relevant structures such as cortical tissue or bridging veins is lower. Thus this technique may help to avoid complications when placing a subdural drain. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  11. Hematoma growth and outcome in treated neurocritical care patients with intracerebral hemorrhage related to oral anticoagulant therapy: comparison of acute treatment strategies using vitamin K, fresh frozen plasma, and prothrombin complex concentrates. (United States)

    Huttner, Hagen B; Schellinger, Peter D; Hartmann, Marius; Köhrmann, Martin; Juettler, Eric; Wikner, Johannes; Mueller, Stephan; Meyding-Lamade, Uta; Strobl, Ralf; Mansmann, Ulrich; Schwab, Stefan; Steiner, Thorsten


    Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is the most serious and potentially fatal complication of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT). Still, there are no universally accepted treatment regimens for patients with OAT-ICH, and randomized controlled trials do not exist. The aim of the present study was to compare the acute treatment strategies of OAT-associated ICH using vitamin K (VAK), fresh frozen plasma (FFP), and prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) with regard to hematoma growth and outcome. In this retrospective study, a total of 55 treated patients were analyzed. Three groups were compared by reviewing the clinical, laboratory, and neuroradiological parameters: (1) patients who received PCCs alone or in combination with FFP or VAK (n=31), (2) patients treated with FFP alone or in combination with VAK (n=18), and (3) patients who received VAK as a monotherapy (n=6). The end points of early hematoma growth and outcome after 12 months were analyzed including multivariate analysis. Hematoma growth within 24 hours occurred in 27% of patients. Incidence and extent of hematoma growth were significantly lower in patients receiving PCCs (19%/44%) compared with FFP (33%/54%) and VAK (50%/59%). However, this effect was no longer seen between PCC- and FFP-treated patients if international normalized ratio (INR) was completely reversed within 2 hours after admission. The overall outcome was poor (modified Rankin scale 4 to 6 in 77%). Predictors for hematoma growth were an increased INR after 2 hours, whereas administration of PCCs was significantly protective in multivariate analyses. Predictors for a poor outcome were age, baseline hematoma volume, and occurrence of hematoma growth. Overall, PCC was associated with a reduced incidence and extent of hematoma growth compared with FFP and VAK. This effect seems to be related to a more rapid INR reversal. Randomized controlled trials are needed to identify the most effective acute treatment regimen for lasting INR reversal because

  12. Predictors of Functional Outcome After Subdural Hematoma: A Prospective Study. (United States)

    Weimer, Jonathan M; Gordon, Errol; Frontera, Jennifer A


    Although the incidence of subdural hematoma (SDH) has increased in the US in the last decade, limited prospective data exist examining risk factors for poor outcome. A prospective, observational study of consecutive SDH patients was conducted from 7/2008 to 11/2011. Baseline clinical data, hospital and surgical course, complications, and imaging data were compared between those with good versus poor 3-month outcomes (modified Rankin Scores [mRS] 0-3 vs. 4-6). A multivariable logistic regression model was constructed to identify independent predictors of poor outcome. 116 SDH patients (18 acute, 56 mixed acute/subacute/chronic, 42 subacute/chronic) were included. At 3 months, 61 (53 %) patients had good outcomes (mRS 0-3) while 55 (47 %) were severely disabled or dead (mRS 4-6). Of those who underwent surgical evacuation, 54/94 (57 %) had good outcomes compared to 7/22 (32 %) who did not (p = 0.030). Patients with mixed acuity or subacute/chronic SDH had significantly better 3-month mRS with surgery (median mRS 1 versus 5 without surgery, p = 0.002) compared to those with only acute SDH (p = 0.494). In multivariable analysis, premorbid mRS, age, admission Glasgow Coma Score, history of smoking, and fever were independent predictors of poor 3-month outcome (all p SDH evacuation tended to improve outcomes (adjusted OR 3.90, 95 % CI 0.96-18.9, p = 0.057). Nearly 50 % of SDH patients were dead or moderate-severely disabled at 3 months. Older age, poor baseline, poor admission neurological status, history of smoking, and fever during hospitalization predicted poor outcomes, while surgical evacuation was associated with improved outcomes among those with mixed acuity or chronic/subacute SDH.

  13. Stereotactic fibrinolysis of spontaneous intracerebral hematoma using infusion of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator Fibrinólise com infusão de rtPA e drenagem estereotáxica de hematoma intracerebral espontâneo profundo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Augusto Nasser


    Full Text Available PURPOSE: The authors present a prospective study on 10 patients with stereotactic infusion of tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA intraparenchimal hemorrhage. METHODS: Between 1999 and 2000, 10 patients with deep seated hematomas in the basal ganglia were selected for stereotactic infusion of rtPA and spontaneous clot drainage. RESULTS: All cases had about 80% reduction of the hematoma volume in the CT scan at the third day. The intracranial pressure was normalized by the third day too. There were no local or systemic complications with the use of this trombolitic. The results were shown by the Glasgow Outcome Scale with six patients in V, three in IV and one in III after 3 months. CONCLUSION: Early treatment and drainage with minimally invasive neurosurgery , can make these patients with deep-seated hematomas recover the consciousness and they can be rehabilitated earlier avoiding secondary complications.OBJETIVO: Estudo prospectivo em 10 pacientes com infusão de trombolítico (rtPA dentro do hematoma cerebral profundo supratentorial e drenagem estereotáxica. MÉTODO: Entre 1999 e 2000 10 pacientes com hematomas de profundidade foram selecionados para infusão de rtPA e drenagem do coágulo espontânea. RESULTADO: Todos os casos obtiveram 80% de redução do volume do hematoma medidos por TC no terceiro dia. A pressão intracraniana estava normalizada no terceiro dia. Não houve complicações locais ou sistêmicas relacionadas com o uso deste trombolítico. Os resultados comparados foram mostrados pela Escala de Prognóstico de Glasgow com 6 pacientes em GrauV, 3 pacientes em Grau IV e 1 paciente em Grau III após três meses. CONCLUSÃO: Tratamento precoce e drenagem com técnica neurocirúrgica minimamente invasiva pode fazer estes pacientes terem uma recuperação da consciência mais rápida e assim serem reabilitados mais precocemente evitando complicações secundárias.

  14. Management of complications of Dupuytren contracture. (United States)

    Cheung, Kevin; Walley, Kempland C; Rozental, Tamara D


    This evidence-based article discusses the current management options of Dupuytren disease and strategies to avoid and manage any potential complications. Treatment options include fasciectomy, needle fasciotomy/aponeurotomy, and collagenase injection. Complications include digital nerve and artery injury, flexor tendon injury, skin fissures and wound healing complications, hematoma, infection, flare reaction/complex regional pain syndrome, and recurrence. Complication rates, prevention, and management differ with each treatment modality. A detailed understanding of each of these options allows hand surgeons to select the most appropriate treatment for each patient. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Life-threatening subdural hematoma after aortic valve replacement in a patient with Heyde syndrome: a case report. (United States)

    Uchida, Tetsuro; Hamasaki, Azumi; Ohba, Eiichi; Yamashita, Atsushi; Hayashi, Jun; Sadahiro, Mitsuaki


    Heyde syndrome is known as a triad of calcific aortic stenosis, anemia due to gastrointestinal bleeding from angiodysplasia, and acquired type 2A von Willebrand disease. This acquired hemorrhagic disorder is characterized by the loss of the large von Willebrand factor multimers due to the shear stress across the diseased aortic valve. The most frequently observed type of bleeding in these patients is mucosal or skin bleeding, such as epistaxis, followed by gastrointestinal bleeding. On the other hand, intracranial hemorrhage complicating Heyde syndrome is extremely rare. A 77-year-old woman presented to our hospital with severe aortic stenosis and severe anemia due to gastrointestinal bleeding and was diagnosed with Heyde syndrome. Although aortic valve replacement was performed without recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding, postoperative life-threatening acute subdural hematoma occurred with a marked midline shift. Despite prompt surgical evacuation of the hematoma, she did not recover consciousness and she died 1 month after the operation. Postoperative subdural hematoma is rare, but it should be kept in mind as a devastating hemorrhagic complication, especially in patients with Heyde syndrome.

  16. Retroperitoneal hematoma: an unusual cause of pain after total hip arthroplasty. (United States)

    Pouliot, Michael A; Lee, Kevin B; Goodman, Stuart B


    Pain following total hip arthroplasty due to impingement of the iliopsoas is a recognized complication of the procedure with a reported incidence as high as 4.3%. The pain is most often due to direct mechanical irritation of the iliopsoas due to a malpositioned or oversized acetabular cup. Definitive treatment of iliopsoas impingement often requires surgical revision or iliopsoas tenotomy, although many cases remain undiagnosed or are managed conservatively. We present an unusual case of pain after total hip arthroplasty due to a large retroperitoneal hematoma secondary to acetabular cup irritation of the iliopsoas tendon. This case represents a potentially important complication of undiagnosed or conservatively managed iliopsoas impingement, particularly in patients taking anticoagulants or antiplatelet medications.

  17. Bacteremia and "Endotipsitis" following transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting (United States)

    Mizrahi, Meir; Roemi, Lilach; Shouval, Daniel; Adar, Tomer; Korem, Maya; Moses, Alon; Bloom, Alan; Shibolet, Oren


    AIM: To identify all cases of bacteremia and suspected endotipsitis after Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting (TIPS) at our institution and to determine risk factors for their occurrence. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed records of all patients who underwent TIPS in our institution between 1996 and 2009. Data included: indications for TIPS, underlying liver disease, demographics, positive blood cultures after TIPS, microbiological characteristics, treatment and outcome. RESULTS: 49 men and 47 women were included with a mean age of 55.8 years (range 15-84). Indications for TIPS included variceal bleeding, refractory ascites, hydrothorax and hepatorenal syndrome. Positive blood cultures after TIPS were found in 39/96 (40%) patients at various time intervals following the procedure. Seven patients had persistent bacteremia fitting the definition of endotipsitis. Staphylococcus species grew in 66% of the positive cultures, Candida and enterococci species in 15% each of the isolates, and 3% cultures grew other species. Multi-variate regression analysis identified 4 variables: hypothyroidism, HCV, prophylactic use of antibiotics and the procedure duration as independent risk factors for positive blood cultures following TIPS (P < 0.0006, 0.005, 0.001, 0.0003, respectively). Prophylactic use of antibiotics before the procedure was associated with a decreased risk for bacteremia, preventing mainly early infections, occurring within 120 d of the procedure. CONCLUSION: Bacteremia is common following TIPS. Risk factors associated with bacteremia include failure to use prophylactic antibiotics, hypothyroidism, HCV and a long procedure. Our results strongly support the use of prophylaxis as a means to decrease early post TIPS infections. PMID:21731907

  18. Intra-bleb hematoma and hyphema following digital ocular compression

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sagar Bhargava


    Full Text Available We report successful outcome of a huge post- trabeculectomy intra-bleb hematoma and hyphema that occurred following digital ocular compression. The patient was a 64-year-old lady suffering from bilateral primary angle closure glaucoma and cataract. She was on anti-platelet therapy. She underwent single-site phacoemulsification, intra-ocular lens implantation and trabeculectomy with mitomycin C in the right eye. The trabeculectomy was under-filtering. She was asked to perform digital ocular compression thrice daily. On 15 th post-operative day, she presented with a huge intra-bleb hematoma and hyphema. The hematoma did not respond to conservative measures and was drained to prevent bleb failure. We recommend caution in the consideration of digital ocular compression in patients on prophylactic anti-coagulation.

  19. Renal Infarction Caused by Isolated Spontaneous Renal Artery Intramural Hematoma. (United States)

    Park, Sihyung; Lee, Ga Hee; Jin, Kyubok; Park, Kang Min; Kim, Yang Wook; Park, Bong Soo


    Acute renal infarction is an uncommon condition resulting from an obstruction or a decrease in renal arterial blood flow. Isolated spontaneous renal artery intramural hematoma is a rare cause of renal infarction. A 46-year-old healthy man presented to our emergency room because of sudden onset of severe right flank pain. An enhanced abdominal computed tomography scan showed a low-attenuated lesion in the lateral portion of the right kidney but no visible thromboembolisms in the main vessels. Computed tomography angiography revealed acute infarction resulting from intramural hematoma of the anterior segmental artery of the right kidney, with distal occlusion. The rarity and non-specific clinical presentation of renal infarction often lead to a delayed diagnosis that may result in impaired renal function. Clinical suspicion is important in the early diagnosis, and intramural hematoma of the renal artery should be considered the cause of renal infarction even in healthy patients without predisposing factors.

  20. Challenging the Pathophysiologic Connection between Subdural Hematoma, Retinal Hemorrhage and Shaken Baby Syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabaeff, Steven C


    Full Text Available Child abuse experts use diagnostic findings of subdural hematoma and retinal hemorrhages as near-pathognomonic findings to diagnose shaken baby syndrome. This article reviews the origin of this link and casts serious doubt on the specificity of the pathophysiologic connection. The forces required to cause brain injury were derived from an experiment of high velocity impacts on monkeys, that generated forces far above those which might occur with a shaking mechanism. These forces, if present, would invariably cause neck trauma, which is conspicuously absent in most babies allegedly injured by shaking. Subdural hematoma may also be the result of common birth trauma, complicated by prenatal vitamin D deficiency, which also contributes to the appearance of long bone fractures commonly associated with child abuse. Retinal hemorrhage is a non-specific finding that occurs with many causes of increased intracranial pressure, including infection and hypoxic brain injury. The evidence challenging these connections should prompt emergency physicians and others who care for children to consider a broad differential diagnosis before settling on occult shaking as the de-facto cause. While childhood non-accidental trauma is certainly a serious problem, the wide exposure of this information may have the potential to exonerate some innocent care-givers who have been convicted, or may be accused, of child abuse. [West J Emerg Med. 2011;12(2:144-158.

  1. Radiation Exposure in Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Creation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miraglia, Roberto, E-mail:; Maruzzelli, Luigi, E-mail:; Cortis, Kelvin, E-mail: [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Radiology Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services (Italy); D’Amico, Mario, E-mail: [University of Palermo, Department of Radiology (Italy); Floridia, Gaetano, E-mail:; Gallo, Giuseppe, E-mail:; Tafaro, Corrado, E-mail:; Luca, Angelo, E-mail: [Mediterranean Institute for Transplantation and Advanced Specialized Therapies (ISMETT), Radiology Service, Department of Diagnostic and Therapeutic Services (Italy)


    PurposeTransjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation is considered as being one of the most complex procedures in abdominal interventional radiology. Our aim was twofold: quantification of TIPS-related patient radiation exposure in our center and identification of factors leading to reduced radiation exposure.Materials and methodsThree hundred and forty seven consecutive patients underwent TIPS in our center between 2007 and 2014. Three main procedure categories were identified: Group I (n = 88)—fluoroscopic-guided portal vein targeting, procedure done in an image intensifier-based angiographic system (IIDS); Group II (n = 48)—ultrasound-guided portal vein puncture, procedure done in an IIDS; and Group III (n = 211)—ultrasound-guided portal vein puncture, procedure done in a flat panel detector-based system (FPDS). Radiation exposure (dose-area product [DAP], in Gy cm{sup 2} and fluoroscopy time [FT] in minutes) was retrospectively analyzed.ResultsDAP was significantly higher in Group I (mean ± SD 360 ± 298; median 287; 75th percentile 389 Gy cm{sup 2}) as compared to Group II (217 ± 130; 178; 276 Gy cm{sup 2}; p = 0.002) and Group III (129 ± 117; 70; 150 Gy cm{sup 2}p < 0.001). The difference in DAP between Groups II and III was also significant (p < 0.001). Group I had significantly longer FT (25.78 ± 13.52 min) as compared to Group II (20.45 ± 10.87 min; p = 0.02) and Group III (19.76 ± 13.34; p < 0.001). FT was not significantly different between Groups II and III (p = 0.73).ConclusionsReal-time ultrasound-guided targeting of the portal venous system during TIPS creation results in a significantly lower radiation exposure and reduced FT. Further reduction in radiation exposure can be achieved through the use of modern angiographic units with FPDS.

  2. Intramural hematoma of the esophagus : Appearance on magnetic resonance imaging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kamphuis, AGA; Baur, CHJCM; Freling, NJM


    A 73-yr-old woman on anticoagulant therapy experienced progressive dyspnea and dysphagia due to a large compressing mass in the posterior mediastinum. Because her clinical condition deteriorated rapidly surgery was performed. A large intramural hematoma along the full length of the esophagus with

  3. Butterfly hematoma after traumatic intercourse | Hajji | Pan African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Butterfly hematoma after traumatic intercourse. F Hajji, A Ameur. Abstract. No Abstract. · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact ...

  4. Intracranial epidural hematoma in a newborn with DIC secondary to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Urgent cranial ultrasound showed epidural hematoma with mass effect on the underlying parietal lobe and the right lateral ventricle with mid-line shift (A). It also revealed hydropcephaly sequelae of prenatal intraventricular hemorrhage; with periventricular cysts and thalamic arteritis, signs of fetopathy (B). Congenital rubella ...

  5. Role of Erythrocyte CD47 in Intracerebral Hematoma Clearance. (United States)

    Ni, Wei; Mao, Shanshan; Xi, Guohua; Keep, Richard F; Hua, Ya


    Enhancing hematoma clearance through phagocytosis may reduce brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage. In the current study, we investigated the role of cluster of differentiation 47 (CD47) in regulating erythrophagocytosis and brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage in nude mice. This study was in 2 parts. First, male adult nude mice had an intracaudate injection of 30 μL saline, blood from male adult wild-type (WT) mice, or blood from CD47 knockout mice. Second, mice had an intracaudate injection of 30 μL CD47 knockout blood with clodronate or control liposomes. Clodronate liposomes were also tested in saline-injected mice. All mice then had magnetic resonance imaging to measure hematoma size and brain swelling. Brains were used for immunohistochemistry and Western blot. Erythrophagocytosis occurred in and around the hematoma. Injection of CD47 knockout blood resulted in quicker clot resolution, less brain swelling, and less neurological deficits compared with wild-type blood. Higher brain heme oxygenase-1 levels and more microglial activation (mostly M2 polarized microglia) at day 3 were found after CD47 knockout blood injection. Co-injection of clodronate liposomes, to deplete phagocytes, caused more severe brain swelling and less clot resolution. These results indicated that CD47 has a key role in hematoma clearance after intracerebral hemorrhage. © 2016 American Heart Association, Inc.

  6. Medicolegal cases for spinal epidural hematoma and spinal epidural abscess. (United States)

    French, Keisha L; Daniels, Eldra W; Ahn, Uri M; Ahn, Nicholas U


    Spinal epidural hematoma and spinal epidural abscess are rare surgical emergencies resulting in significant neurologic deficits. Making the diagnosis for spinal epidural hematoma and spinal epidural abscess can be challenging; however, a delay in recognition and treatment can be devastating. The objective of this retrospective analysis study was to identify risk factors for an adverse outcome for the provider. The LexisNexis Academic legal search database was used to identify a total of 19 cases of spinal epidural hematoma and spinal epidural abscess filed against medical providers. Outcome data on trial verdicts, age, sex, initial site of injury, time to consultation, time to appropriate imaging studies, time to surgery, and whether a rectal examination was performed or not were recorded. The results demonstrated a significant association between time to surgery more than 48 hours and an unfavorable verdict for the provider. The degree of permanent neurologic impairment did not appear to affect the verdicts. Fifty-eight percent of the cases did not present with an initial deficit, including loss of bowel or bladder control. All medical professionals must maintain a high level of suspicion and act quickly. Physicians who are able to identify early clinical features, appropriately image, and treat within a 48 hour time frame have demonstrated a more favorable medicolegal outcome compared with their counterparts in filed lawsuits for spinal epidural hematoma and spinal epidural abscess cases. Copyright 2013, SLACK Incorporated.

  7. Giant splenic hematoma can be a hidden condition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kristian Kiim; Hangaard, Stine


    An otherwise healthy 28-year old male presented to his general practitioner with dyspnoea in the morning and abdominal discomfort through months. Four months earlier, he had experienced a blunt trauma to the left side of his abdomen. Abdominal ultrasonography revealed a splenic hematoma...

  8. MR imaging and clinical findings of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Sam Soo [Seoul City Boramae Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Han, Moon Hee; Kim, Hyun Beom [College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)] [and others


    To describe the MR imaging and clinical findings of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma. The MR and clinical findings in six patients (M:F=3D4:2;adult:child=3D3:3) with spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma were reviewed. Five patients without any predisposing factor which might cause the condition and one with acute myelogenous leukemia were included. Emergency surgery was performed in two patients, and the other four were managed conservatively. The epidural lesion involved between three and seven vertebrae (mean:4.5), and relative to the spinal cord was located in the posterior-lateral (n=3D4), anterior (n=3D1), or right lateral (n=3D1) area. The hematoma was isointense (n=3D1) or hyperintense (n=3D5) with spinal cord on T1-weighted images, and hypointense (n=3D2) or hyperintense (n=3D4) on T2-weighted images. It was completely absorbed in four of five patients who underwent follow-up MR imaging, but not changed in one. The clinical outcome of these patients was complete recovery (n=3D4), spastic cerebral palsy (n=3D1), or unknown (n=3D1). Because of the lesion's characteristic signal intensity; MR imaging is very useful in the diagnosis and evaluation of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma. (author)

  9. Severity, Challenges, and Outcome of Retroperitoneal Hematoma in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INTRODUCTION. Retroperitoneal hemorrhage or retroperitoneal hematoma (RH) refers to an accumulation of blood found in the retroperitoneal.[1]. The retroperitoneum is a large space bounded anteriorly by the posterior parietal peritoneum, posteriorly be the transversalis fascia, and superiorly by the diaphragm. Inferiorly ...

  10. Irreversible Electroporation of a Hepatocellular Carcinoma Lesion Adjacent to a Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Stent Graft

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Niessen, Christoph; Jung, Ernst Michael; Wohlgemuth, Walter A. [Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg D-93053 (Germany); Trabold, Benedikt [Department of Anaesthesia, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg D-93053 (Germany); Haimerl, Michael; Schreyer, Andreas; Stroszczynski, Christian; Wiggermann, Philipp [Department of Radiology, University Medical Center Regensburg, Regensburg D-93053 (Germany)


    We report in a 65-year-old man hepatocellular carcinoma adjacent to a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt stent-graft which was successfully treated with irreversible electroporation (IRE). IRE is a new non-thermal tissue ablation technique which uses electrical pulses to induce cell necrosis by irreversible membrane poration. IRE proved to be more advantageous in the ablation of perivascular tumor with little injury to the surrounding structures.

  11. Transjugular liver biopsy: how good is it for accurate histological interpretation?


    Cholongitas, E; Quaglia, A; Samonakis, D; Senzolo, M; Triantos, C; Patch, D; Leandro, G; Dhillon, A P; Burroughs, A K


    Background: A transjugular liver biopsy (TJLB) specimen is often smaller or more fragmented than a percutaneous liver biopsy (PLB) specimen. Recently, for PLB, the minimum requirements to evaluate chronic hepatitis have been set at 20–25 mm length and 11 complete portal tracts. Aim: To evaluate and compare length of TJLB and PLB specimens, portal tract number, fragmentation and adequacy for histopathological diagnosis and staging. Patients and methods: 326 consecutive TJLB specimens i...

  12. Ossification of subperiosteal hematoma: the potential of periosteal osteogenesis in cranioplasty. (United States)

    Wang, Yong; Zhang, Jiliang


    Subperiosteal hematoma is the accumulation of blood between the periosteum and the skull, which commonly occurs in the neonatal period but rarely in other ages. Subperiosteal hematoma can be self-absorbed in most cases and occasionally may cause ossification. This study reports a case of subperiosteal hematoma formed in a 16-year-old adolescent boy after a minor trauma. Because the hematoma did not disappear for more than a month after the trauma, the patient was treated with multiple hematoma punctures. However, the hematoma recurred and led to ossification. Finally, the patient underwent surgical treatment. Finally, the ossification associated with the hematoma was treated through surgery. The head contour recovered normally. The occurrence of hematoma ossification in the 16-year-old patient suggests that the periosteum has great potential for osteogenesis. This is likely caused by the joint action of some active factors in the blood and a certain tension of the hematoma on the local periosteum. This case provides the following thoughts. (1) A subperiosteal hematoma that has not been absorbed after 1 month should be treated promptly to avoid ossification. Once ossification has occurred, the hematoma should be treated surgically. (2) The potential for periosteal osteogenesis is great, which may provide a new thought for cranioplasty.

  13. Spontaneous liver rupture in pregnancy complicating HELLP syndrome: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sariyeh Golmahammadlou


    Conclusion: Spontaneous liver rupture associated with HELLP syndrome is a rare and life-threatening complication of pregnancy. Unruptured liver hematoma is also a rare condition during pregnancy with a very difficult diagnosis. Using clinical diagnostic tests such as CT scan or MRI would be helpful to improve clinical outcomes.

  14. Complications and pitfalls of lumbar interlaminar and transforaminal epidural injections


    Goodman, Bradly S.; Posecion, Lyle W. F.; Mallempati, Srinivas; Bayazitoglu, Matt


    Lumbar interlaminar and transforaminal epidural injections are used in the treatment of lumbar radicular pain and other lumbar spinal pain syndromes. Complications from these procedures arise from needle placement and the administration of medication. Potential risks include infection, hematoma, intravascular injection of medication, direct nerve trauma, subdural injection of medication, air embolism, disc entry, urinary retention, radiation exposure, and hypersensitivity reactions. The objec...

  15. A Case of Ruptured Aneurysm of the Proper Esophageal Artery with Symptomatic Mediastinal Hematoma

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    Liu, Jiajia; Sato, Yusuke, E-mail: [Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery (Japan); Takahashi, Satoshi [Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Radiology (Japan); Motoyama, Satoru; Yoshino, Kei; Sasaki, Tomohiko; Imai, Kazuhiro; Saito, Hajime; Minamiya, Yoshihiro [Akita University Graduate School of Medicine, Department of Thoracic Surgery (Japan)


    Mediastinal aneurysms are rare but potentially life-threatening. Among these, bronchial artery aneurysms are most frequently reported, whereas up to now aneurysms of the proper esophageal artery had never been reported. A 69-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for treatment of a massive mediastinal hematoma. Enhanced computed tomography and selective proper esophageal arteriography revealed a 5-mm aneurysm in the proper esophageal artery that arises from the thoracic aorta at the Th8 level and has an anastomotic branch with the bronchial artery peripherally. Transcatheter arterial embolization was successfully performed using a mixture of N-butyl cyanoacrylate and lipiodol (1:3 ratio, 0.3 ml). Post-embolization angiography showed no filling into the aneurysm. The patient recovered with no complications and was discharged on the 25th post-procedure day.

  16. Hematoma após anestesia peridural: tratamento conservador. Relato de caso Hematoma posterior a la anestesia peridural: tratamiento conservador. Relato de caso Hematoma after epidural anesthesia: conservative treatment. Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edno Magalhães


    ó las sensibilidades térmica y dolorosa y la regresión total del bloqueo motor. En la 12ª hora, deambulaba y refería dolor en la herida operada. El hematoma peridural no se visualizó en una nueva tomografía computadorizada en la 14ª hora después del inicio del tratamiento. La paciente recibió alta hospitalaria 86 horas después del inicio del tratamiento conservador, sin comprometimiento neurológico. Una tomografía computadorizada de control después de 7 meses, mostró el canal vertebral completamente normal. CONCLUSIONES: La eficiencia del abordaje conservadora fue una alternativa importante para la intervención quirúrgica en casos específicos. La evaluación de la progresión o estabilización del comprometimiento neurológico, particularmente después de la 8ª hora posterior a la punción peridural, es esencial para la elección del tratamiento.BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hematoma associated with spinal compression after epidural anesthesia is a severe neurological complication, despite the reduced incidence reported (1:150,000. It is an acute episode and the traditional treatment includes urgent surgical decompression. More recently, treatment with corticosteroids has been used as an alternative, in specific cases, with good neurological resolution. The objective of this report was to present the case of an epidural hematoma treated conservatively with complete neurological recovery. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 34 years old, ASA physical status I, with no prior history of bleeding disorders or anticlotting treatment, underwent epidural anesthesia at the L2-L3 level for the surgical treatment of lower limb varicose veins. Eight hours after the regional anesthesia, the patient still presented complete motor blockade (Bromage scale, reduction of thermal and pain sensitivity below L3, hyperalgesia in the left plantar region, preserved tendon reflexes, and absence of lumbar pain. A CT scan showed an epidural hematoma in L2, with compression of the dural

  17. Intrapericardial cystic hematoma in a dog treated by thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy. (United States)

    Chen, Chi-Ya; Fransson, Boel A; Nylund, Adam M


    CASE DESCRIPTION A 2-year-old castrated male mixed-breed dog was evaluated because of a 1-week history of respiratory distress and abdominal distension. Thoracic radiography and echocardiography at that time revealed an enlarged cardiac silhouette and pericardial effusion; abdominal radiography and ultrasonography revealed ascites. CLINICAL FINDINGS At the initial referral examination 5 weeks later, the dog weighed 37.5 kg (82.5 lb) and appeared clinically normal. The only abnormality detected was a grade I/VI systolic murmur on the left side of the thorax. Echocardiography revealed a large fat- and fluid-filled cystic structure located next to the right ventricle with scant pericardial effusion. Computed tomography revealed a bilobed peripherally contrast-enhancing structure within the right ventral aspect of the pericardium; the right ventricle appeared compressed by the cyst. TREATMENT AND OUTCOME Initial treatment consisted of pericardiocentesis and abdominocentesis to alleviate clinical signs. Thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy was performed 6 weeks after the initial treatment. The cyst was completely excised, and multiple adhesions between the visceral and parietal pericardium were transected, without surgical or anesthetic complications. Histologic examination of the cyst revealed chronic inflammation with histiocytic infiltration, suggesting possible foreign body reaction or chronic inflammation and hemorrhage. These findings supported a diagnosis of cystic hematoma of the pericardium. The dog remained clinically normal for at least 16 months after surgery. CLINICAL RELEVANCE This report represents a rare case of intrapericardial cystic hematoma in a dog. Minimally invasive surgery was performed without complications, suggesting that thoracoscopic subtotal pericardectomy is a feasible treatment option for affected dogs.

  18. Retroperitoneal hematoma in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. (United States)

    Frank, John J; Kamalakannan, Desikan; Kodenchery, Mihas; Savoy-Moore, Ruth T; Rosman, Howard


    To retrospectively study demographic, clinical and hospital outcomes in patients who developed RPH following cardiac catheterization. Charts of patients with RPH from cardiac catheterization, between January 1, 2000 and July 30, 2005 were reviewed and compared with two control groups (Grp-I, 90 patients with local groin complications and Grp-II, 98 patients with no bleeding complications). 31 cases of RPH (0.13%) were identified with 84% females. Most common presentation was hypotension (87%) and hemoglobin drop (96%). CT scan was the diagnostic modality in 93% cases. The mean body surface area in RPH group (1.77 ± .23) was significantly lower than in control group I (1.93 ± .28) and II (1.98 ± .27). The use of larger sheath size was significantly higher in the RPH group (61.3%) than control groups I (26.7%) and II (21.4%). Left groin access was significantly more in RPH group (16.1%) and control group I (17.8) than control group II (0%). The use of antiplatelets and anticoagulants were significantly higher in the RPH group. 13% of patients with RPH were treated surgically. The average hospital stay was 8.6 days, 4.5 days and 3.5 days and mortality 12.9%, 3.3% and 1% in RPH group, control group I and II respectively. Our study is the second largest series of RPH following cardiac catheterization and predicts female gender, large sheath size, left groin access and low body surface area as risk factors for RPH. ©2010, Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. [Complications in brachial plexus surgery]. (United States)

    Martínez, Fernando; Pinazzo, Samantha; Moragues, Rodrigo; Suarez, Elizabeth


    Although traumatic brachial plexus injuries are relatively rare in trauma patients, their effects on the functionality of the upper limb can be very disabling. The authors' objective was to assess the complications in a series of patients operated for brachial plexus injuries. This was a retrospective evaluation of patients operated on by the authors between August 2009 and March 2013. We performed 36 surgeries on 33 patients. The incidence of complications was 27.7%. Of these, only 1 (2.7%) was considered serious and associated with the procedure (iatrogenic injury of brachial artery). There was another serious complication (hypoxia in patients with airway injury) but it was not directly related to the surgical procedure. All other complications were considered minor (wound dehiscence, hematoma, infection). There was no mortality in our series. The complications in our series are similar to those reported in the literature. Serious complications (vascular, neural) are rare and represent less than 5% in all the different series. Given the rate of surgical complications and the poor functional perspective for a brachial plexus injury without surgery, we believe that surgery should be the treatment of choice. Copyright © 2013 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  20. Imaging findings of biliary and nonbiliary complications following laparoscopic surgery

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    Choi, Jin-Young; Kim, Joo Hee; Lim, Joon Seok; Oh, Young Taik; Kim, Ki Whang [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Seoul (Korea); Kim, Myeong-Jin [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Brain Korea 21 Project for Medical Science, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Research Institute of Radiological Science, Seoul (Korea); Yonsei University College of Medicine, Institute of Gastroenterology, Seoul (Korea); Park, Mi-Suk [Yonsei University College of Medicine, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Seoul (Korea)


    Laparoscopic techniques are evolving for a wide range of surgical procedures although they were initially confined to cholecystectomy and exploratory laparoscopy. Recently, surgical procedures performed with a laparoscope include splenectomy, adrenalectomy, gastrectomy, and myomectomy. In this article, we review the spectrum of complications and illustrate imaging features of biliary and nonbiliary complications after various laparoscopic surgeries. Biliary complications following laparoscopic cholecystectomy include bile ductal obstruction, bile leak with bile duct injury, dropped stones in the peritoneal cavity, retained CBD stone, and port-site metastasis. Nonbiliary complications are anastomotic leakage after partial gastrectomy, gangrenous cholecystitis after gastrectomy, hematoma at the anastomotic site following gastrectomy, gastric infarction after gastrectomy, port-site metastasis after gastrectomy, hematoma after splenectomy, renal infarction after adrenalectomy, and active bleeding after myomectomy of the uterus. (orig.)

  1. Distinguishing Pseudomeningocele, Epidural Hematoma, and Postoperative Infection on Postoperative MRI. (United States)

    Radcliff, Kris; Morrison, William B; Kepler, Christopher; Moore, Jeffrey; Sidhu, Gursukhman S; Gendelberg, David; Miller, Luciano; Sonagli, Marcos A; Vaccaro, Alexander R


    Retrospective case series. To identify specific magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) characteristics of epidural fluid collections associated with infection, hematoma, or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Interpretation of postoperative MRI can be challenging after lumbar fusion. The purpose of this study was to identify specific MRI characteristics of epidural fluid collections associated with infection, hematoma, or CSF. The study population includes consecutive patients between 2006 and 2010 who had MRIs performed within 2 weeks after elective surgery for evaluation of possible CSF fluid collection, hematoma, or infection. Patients with known previous infection (discitis/osteomyelitis) or inadequate MRIs were excluded from the study. Medical records were reviewed to determine the diagnosis (infection, hematoma, or pseudomeningocele) underlying the fluid collection. MRIs were retrospectively evaluated by a musculoskeletal radiologist and orthopedic spine attending who were blinded to the pathologic diagnosis for characteristics of the fluid collection. MRI characteristics include location of lesion: osseous involvement, disk location, anterior versus posterior versus anteroposterior, soft-tissue involvement, and iliopsoas involvement. Characteristics of the lesion include: volume of lesion, loculation, satellite lesions, multiple loci, destructive characteristics, and mass effect upon thecal sac. Enhancement was scored based upon the following variables: rim enhancement, smooth versus irregular, thin versus thick, heterogeneity, diffuse enhancement, nonenhancement, and rim thickness. General fluid collection intensity and complexity on T1, T2, and T1 postcontrast images was scored as high, medium, and low. The χ test was used to compare the incidence of imaging characteristics between patient groups (infection, hematoma, and CSF). Thirty-three patients were identified who met inclusion criteria. There were 13 (39%) with infection, 9 (27%) with hematoma, and 11 (33%) with

  2. [A Case of Spinal Epidural Hematoma Presenting with Transient Hemiplegia]. (United States)

    Komai, Takanori; Nakashima, Kazuya; Tominaga, Takashi; Nogaki, Hidekazu


    We report a rare case of a patient with spinal epidural hematoma who presented with transient hemiplegia. A 90-year-old man awakened from sleep due to sudden neck pain. Fifteen minutes later, the man experienced progressively worsening weakness in his left hand, and was transported in an ambulance to our hospital. At the hospital, he presented with hemiplegia, and we suspected intracranial disease. Therefore, we performed magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which revealed no intracranial lesions. Shortly after the MRI, the patient showed no signs of hemiplegia. However, since the severe neck pain persisted, we performed cervical MRI, which showed a high-intensity area at the C2-C5 level, predominantly on the left side. Despite recovery from hemiplegia, we performed a laminectomy of C3-C5 with evacuation of a hematoma at the C2-C6 level. After the surgery, the patient had no neck pain.

  3. Post-Traumatic Ligamentum Flavum Hematoma: A Case Report

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    Tony Wing-Cheong Chi


    Full Text Available We present the case of a 64-year-old female treated surgically for ligamentum flavum hematoma that caused progressive radiculopathy. Initially, she suffered from an acute onset of lower back pain. Only a history of minor back injury was discovered. She rapidly became unable to walk. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated an epidural mass lesion at L3 to L4 that was continuous with the left ligamentum flavum. The mass was hypointense on T1-weighted images and centrally hyperintense and marginally hypointense on T2-weighted images. The margin was well enhanced by gadopentetate dimeglumine administration. After removal of the mass, the patient's symptoms completely resolved. Before surgery, we believe accurate diagnosis of ligamentum flavum hematoma can be based on magnetic resonance imaging.

  4. Bilateral subdural hematoma secondary to accidental dural puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofía Ramírez


    Full Text Available We report the case of a 25-year-old woman, who received epidural analgesia for labor pain and subsequently presented post-dural puncture headache. Conservative treatment was applied and epidural blood patch was performed. In the absence of clinical improvement and due to changes in the postural component of the headache, a brain imaging test was performed showing a bilateral subdural hematoma. The post-dural puncture headache is relatively common, but the lack of response to established medical treatment as well as the change in its characteristics and the presence of neurological deficit, should raise the suspicion of a subdural hematoma, which although is rare, can be lethal if not diagnosed and treated at the right time.

  5. Epidural Hematoma Following Interlaminar Epidural Injection in Patient Taking Aspirin. (United States)

    Sanders, Rebecca A; Bendel, Markus A; Moeschler, Susan M; Mauck, William D


    We present a case report of a patient who developed an epidural hematoma following an interlaminar epidural steroid injection with no risk factors aside from old age and aspirin use for secondary prevention. A 79-year-old man developed an epidural hematoma requiring surgical treatment following an uncomplicated interlaminar epidural steroid injection performed for neurogenic claudication. In the periprocedural period, he continued aspirin for secondary prophylaxis following a myocardial infarction. For patients taking aspirin for primary or secondary prophylaxis, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine antiplatelet and anticoagulation guidelines for spine and pain procedures recommend a shared assessment and risk stratification when deciding to hold the medication for intermediate-risk neuraxial procedures. Cases such as this serve to highlight the importance of giving careful consideration to medical optimization of a patient even when a low- or intermediate-risk procedure is planned.

  6. [MRI semiotics features of experimental acute intracerebral hematomas]. (United States)

    Burenchev, D V; Skvortsova, V I; Tvorogova, T V; Guseva, O I; Gubskiĭ, L V; Kupriianov, D A; Pirogov, Iu A


    The aim of this study was to assess the possibility of revealing intracerebral hematomas (ICH), using MRI, within the first hours after onset and to determine their MRI semiotics features. Thirty animals with experimental ICH were studied. A method of two-stage introduction of autologous blood was used to develop ICH as human spontaneous intracranial hematomas. Within 3-5h after blood introduction to the rat brain. The control MRI was performed in the 3rd and 7th days after blood injections. ICH were definitely identified in the first MRI scans. The MRI semiotics features of acute ICH and their transformations were assessed. The high sensitivity of MRI to ICH as well as the uniform manifestations in all animals were shown. In conclusion, the method has high specificity for acute ICH detection.

  7. Spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma: Report of a case managed conservatively

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halim Tariq


    Full Text Available Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma is a rare cause of acute spinal cord compression. A 25-year-old male presented with a history of sudden onset of complete quadriplegia with sensory loss below the neck along with loss of bowel and bladder control. He had no history of any constitutional symptoms. He reported 10 days later. He was managed conservatively and after two weeks of intensive rehabilitation he had complete neural recovery. The spontaneous recovery of neurological impairment is attributed to the spreading of the hematoma throughout the epidural space, thus decreasing the pressure with partial neural recovery. Conservative treatment is a fair option in young patients who present late and show neurological improvement. The neurological status on presentation will guide the further approach to management.

  8. Small supratentorial, extraaxial primitive neuroectodermal tumor causing large intracerebral hematoma. (United States)

    Burkhardt, Jan-Karl; Kockro, Ralf A; Dohmen-Scheufler, Hildegard; Woernle, Christoph M; Bellut, David; Kollias, Spyros; Bertalanffy, Helmut


    A 16-year-old boy presented with an unusual case of a supratentorial, extraaxial small round blue cell tumor of the central nervous system, which was most likely a primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET). Preoperative computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a large multistage hematoma in the left central region. Intraoperatively, a small, superficial tumorous lesion was found between the sagittal sinus and a large cortical vein hidden by the hematoma. The histological diagnosis was PNET. This tumor is one of the most aggressive intracerebral tumors, not only in children, so treatment strategies must be early, profound, and interdisciplinary. This case represents an important example of atypical extraaxial appearance of this lesion, which should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cortical or subcortical hemorrhage, since complete resection of this lesion is critical for the successful treatment and outcome.

  9. Traumatic Frontal Epidural Hematoma Caused by Multiple Arterial Injuries in the Anterior Fossa. (United States)

    Kiessling, J Willis; Hertzler, Dean A; Drucker, David E M; Spader, Heather S


    This case report illustrates the need to evaluate the possibility of multiple arterial sources when presented with a frontal epidural hematoma associated with facial trauma. The patient presented after being struck in the face by a baseball. Computed tomography of the brain revealed a large frontal epidural hematoma. Intraoperatively, bleeding from a frontal branch of the middle meningeal artery was encountered and cauterized, and the hematoma was removed. Routine follow-up imaging performed the next day showed a residual frontal hematoma; however, the epidural hematoma was in a more medial location than the initial hematoma. The patient was taken back to the operating room; after frontal lobe retraction and extensive exploration, a different source of bleeding from posterior ethmoidal artery feeders was encountered. After the second operation, the patient's hematoma did not recur, and he was discharged home with no neurologic deficits 3 days later. We report a case of an epidural hematoma caused by 2 distinct arterial feeders. We discuss radiologic review and operative management of anterior fossa epidural hematomas and stress the importance of considering arterial bleeding from sources other than the middle meningeal artery in anterior fossa epidural hematomas. We discuss the utility of preoperative angiography for these patients and reinforce the need for acute postoperative imaging to ensure successful operative and patient outcomes. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Flow Reduction with Adjustable Polytetrafluoroethylene-Covered Balloon-Expandable Stents Using the "Sheath Control" Technique. (United States)

    Blue, Robert C; Lo, Grace C; Kim, Edward; Patel, Rahul S; Scott Nowakowski, F; Lookstein, Robert A; Fischman, Aaron M


    A complication of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) placement is refractory portosystemic encephalopathy (PSE) often requiring TIPS reduction. We report the results of a "sheath control technique" utilizing constraining sheaths during deployment of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered balloon-expandable stents, minimizing stent migration, and providing additional procedural control. TIPS reduction was performed in 10 consecutive patients for PSE using Atrium iCast covered stents (Atrium Maquet Getinge Group, Germany). Within the indwelling TIPS stent, a 9 mm × 59 mm iCast stent was deployed with 2 cm exposed from the sheath's distal end and the majority of the stent within the sheath to create the distal hourglass shape. During balloon retraction, the stent was buttressed by the sheath. The proximal portion of the stent was angioplastied to complete the hourglass configuration, and the central portion of the stent was dilated to 5 mm. Demographics, pre- and post-procedure laboratory values, and outcomes were recorded. Ten patients underwent TIPS reduction with 100 % technical success. There was no stent migration during stent deployment. All patients experienced initial improvement of encephalopathy. One patient ultimately required complete TIPS occlusion for refractory PSE, and another developed TIPS occlusion 36 days post-procedure. There was no significant trend toward change in patients' MELD scores immediately post-procedure or at 30 days (p = 0.46, p = 0.47, respectively). TIPS reduction using Atrium iCast PTFE balloon-expandable stents using the "sheath control technique" is safe and effective, and minimizes the risk of stent migration.

  11. [Sudden cervical hematoma after hypertensive crisis. Report of a case]. (United States)

    Pino Rivero, V; Pantoja Hernández, C G; González Palomino, A; Pardo Romero, G; Trinidad Ramos, G; Montero García, C; Blasco Huelva, A


    We report the case ofa 61 years old woman with multiple pathologies: HTA, diabetes, relapsing polychondritis, hypercholesterolemia, iatrogenic Cushing, cardiopathy, cystic fibrosis, etc. She began, an increment of TA (220/130 mm Hg) or hypertensive crisis, with a sudden left cervical hematoma located on the carotid bifurcation according to CT imaging. We oractice an arteriography that was informed as normal and the patient was admitted and controlled of an ORL as Vascular Surgeon. The bleeding stop spontaneously we treat the patient conservativity.

  12. Blunt Facial Trauma Causing Isolated Optic Nerve Hematoma

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    R. Parab


    Full Text Available Traumatic optic neuropathy is an uncommon, yet serious, result of facial trauma. The authors present a novel case of a 59-year-old gentleman who presented with an isolated blunt traumatic left optic nerve hematoma causing vision loss. There were no other injuries or fractures to report. This case highlights the importance of early recognition of this rare injury and reviews the current literature and management of traumatic optic neuropathy.

  13. Large subcapsular hematoma following ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy of renal calculi in a spina bifida patient: lessons we learn

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    Vaidyanathan S


    Full Text Available Subramanian Vaidyanathan,1 Azi Samsudin,2 Gurpreet Singh,3 Peter L Hughes,4 Bakul M Soni,1 Fahed Selmi1 1Regional Spinal Injuries Center, Southport and Formby District General Hospital, Southport, UK; 2Department of Urology, Whiston Hospital, Prescot, UK; 3Department of Urology, 4Department of Radiology, Southport and Formby District General Hospital, Southport, UK Introduction: Paraplegic patients are at greater risk of developing complications following ureteroscopic lithotripsy because of urine infection associated with neuropathic bladder, difficulties in access due to altered anatomy of urinary bladder and urethra, spinal curvature, spasticity, and contractures. We report the occurrence of large subcapsular hematoma following ureteroscopy and discuss lessons we learn from this case.Case report: A 48-year-old male patient with spina bifida underwent ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy and ureteric stenting for left ureteric stone and staghorn calculus with hydronephrosis; laser lithotripsy was repeated after 3 months; both procedures were performed by a senior urologist and did not result in any complications. Ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy was performed 5 months later by a urological trainee; it was difficult to negotiate the scope as vision became poor because of bleeding (as a result of the procedure. Postoperatively, hematuria persisted; temperature was 39°C. Cefuroxime was given intravenously followed by gentamicin for 5 days; hematuria subsided gradually; he was discharged home. Ten days later, this patient developed temperature, the urine culture grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and ciprofloxacin was given orally. Computed tomography (CT of the urinary tract, performed 4 weeks after ureteroscopy, revealed a 9×7 cm subcapsular collection on the left kidney compressing underlying parenchyma. Percutaneous drainage was not feasible because of severe curvature of spine. Isotope renogram revealed deterioration in left renal function from 30

  14. Short-term complications for percutaneous ultrasound-guided biopsy of renal masses in adult outpatients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lars René; Loft, Martina; Nielsen, Tommy Kjaergaard


    intervention and two patients with septicemia. Minor complications occurred in 2.8% of cases (eight patients); six patients with self-limiting gross hematuria, one patient with small asymptomatic subcapsular hematoma, and one patient with vasovagal syncope. The timing of both minor and major complication onset...

  15. Bilateral chronic subdural hematoma: unilateral or bilateral drainage? (United States)

    Andersen-Ranberg, Nina Christine; Poulsen, Frantz Rom; Bergholt, Bo; Hundsholt, Torben; Fugleholm, Kåre


    OBJECTIVE Bilateral chronic subdural hematoma (bCSDH) is a common neurosurgical condition frequently associated with the need for retreatment. The reason for the high rate of retreatment has not been thoroughly investigated. Thus, the authors focused on determining which independent predictors are associated with the retreatment of bCSDH with a focus on surgical laterality. METHODS In a national database of CSDHs (Danish Chronic Subdural Hematoma Study) the authors retrospectively identified all bCSDHs treated in the 4 Danish neurosurgical departments over the 3-year period from 2010 to 2012. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine the relationship between retreatment of bCSDH and clinical, radiological, and surgical variables. RESULTS Two hundred ninety-one patients with bCSDH were identified, and 264 of them underwent unilateral (136 patients) or bilateral (128 patients) surgery. The overall retreatment rate was 21.6% (57 of 264 patients). Cases treated with unilateral surgery had twice the risk of retreatment compared with cases undergoing bilateral surgery (28.7% vs 14.1%, respectively, p = 0.002). In accordance with previous studies, the data also showed that a separated hematoma density and the absence of postoperative drainage were independent predictors of retreatment. CONCLUSIONS In bCSDHs bilateral surgical intervention significantly lowers the risk of retreatment compared with unilateral intervention and should be considered when choosing a surgical procedure.

  16. Hyaluronidase hypersensitivity: A rare complication of peribulbar block

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    A R Rajalakshmi


    Full Text Available Peribulbar block, though safe, can cause serious complications such as globe perforation and peribulbar hemorrhage. Hyaluronidase is an enzyme that is used as an adjuvant in peribulbar anesthesia, and it helps in rapid penetration of the anesthetic agent. Hypersensitivity to hyaluronidase is a rare but potentially sight-threatening complication. We report a case of hyaluronidase hypersensitivity following peribulbar injection for cataract surgery mimicking as peribulbar hematoma in the immediate postinjection phase and as orbital cellulitis 48 h later.

  17. Complications following surgical treatment for Dupuytren's contracture. (United States)

    Prosser, R; Conolly, W B


    Dupuytren's disease is a proliferative fibroplasia that can lead to a significant contracture of the metacarpophalangeal (MCP) and interphalangeal (IP) joints, causing a functional disability. Surgical excision of the Dupuytren's tissue and release of the contracted joints may be necessary to restore function. Most patients require hand therapy postoperatively. Postoperative complications have been reported at 17%. These include excessive inflammation, hematoma, ischemic skin necrosis, infection, granuloma formation, transient paresthesia, scar contracture, persistent proximal interphalangeal (PIP) flexion contracture, distal interphalangeal (DIP) hyperextension deformity, joint stiffness, poor flexion and grip strength, pain, and reflex sympathetic dystrophy (RSD). The hand therapist plays a vital role in the early detection and treatment of many of these complications.

  18. Techniques and long-term effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt on liver cirrhosis-related thrombotic total occlusion of main portal vein. (United States)

    Wang, Lei; He, Fuliang; Yue, Zhendong; Zhao, Hongwei; Fan, Zhenhua; Zhao, Mengfei; Qiu, Bin; Yao, Jiannan; Lin, Qiushi; Dong, Xiaoqun; Liu, Fuquan


    Portal vein hypertension (PVH) in liver cirrhosis complicated with portal venous thrombosis (PVT) has been mainly treated with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). The clinical effects of TIPS have been confirmed, however, no large-scale studies have been focused on technical analyses and a long-term follow-up, especially on thrombotic total occlusion of main portal vein (MPV). To demonstrate critical techniques and clinical outcome of TIPS on liver cirrhosis-related thrombotic total occlusion of MPV, 98 patients diagnosed with liver cirrhosis related thrombotic total occlusion of MPV and treated with TIPS from January 2000 to January 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-three (23.5%) patients had MPV (single site) thrombosis, 55 (56.1%) had multiple site-thrombosis (MPV and other), 17 (17.3%) had cavernous transformation of portal vein, and 3 (3.1%) had post-transplant thrombosis. The successful rate of TIPS was 90.7%, without any procedure-related deaths or severe complications. Mean portal pressure was dropped from 33.08 ± 1.38 mmHg preoperatively to 20.18 ± 0.83 mmHg postoperatively (p portal techniques to increase the rate of success.

  19. Tratamiento médico de un hematoma subdural crónico Medical treatment of a chronic subdural hematoma

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    Antonio Guevara Melcón


    Full Text Available Se presenta una paciente portadora de un hematoma subdural crónico postraumático, que se trató médicamente y se logró su desaparición en el curso de varios meses, sin tratamiento quirúrgico y sin signos evolutivos de empeoramiento neurológico. La furosemida fue usada como medicamento básico en su tratamiento. Se adjuntan imágenes que confirman el valor de este punto de vista terapéutico.This is the case of a patient carrier of a post-traumatic chronic subdural hematoma clinically treated achieving its disappearance over some months without surgical treatment and evolutionary signs of neurologic worsening. The furosemide was used as basic drug in its treatment. The images confirming the value of this point of therapeutical view are enclosed.

  20. The incidence of hematoma formation in patients with continuous femoral catheters following total knee arthroplasty while receiving rivaroxaban as thromboprophylaxis: an observational study. (United States)

    Idestrup, Chris; Sawhney, Mona; Nix, Catherine; Kiss, Alex


    Multimodal analgesia, including continuous femoral block, is often used to manage postoperative pain following total knee arthroplasty. To reduce the risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolus formation, anticoagulation is also a part of the care for patients who undergo total knee arthroplasty. However, the concurrent use of continuous peripheral nerve block and anticoagulation can lead to hematoma formation. This prospective, single-center, observational study investigated the incidence of hematoma formation, causing neurovascular compromise, for patients with femoral catheters while taking the oral anticoagulant rivaroxaban. Five hundred four eligible patients consented to participate in this study. A femoral nerve block catheter was inserted before surgery, and a continuous infusion of local anesthetic was continued for 36 to 48 hours postoperatively. Rivaroxaban 10 mg was administered daily, and the femoral catheter was removed 20 hours after a dose of rivaroxaban. Participants were assessed daily to postoperative day 3 for the presence of a hematoma causing neurovascular compromise or ecchymosis formation at the femoral catheter site; sensory and motor functions of the femoral nerve were also assessed. No participant presented with a hematoma causing neurovascular compromise at the femoral catheter site or groin area (upper confidence limit, 3.7). The most common complication was an ecchymosis in the groin or upper thigh, with the highest incidence of ecchymosis formation occurring on postoperative day 3. In this prospective observational study, the concurrent administration of continuous femoral nerve block, the once-daily administration of the anticoagulant rivaroxaban, and the timed removal of the femoral catheter were not associated with hematoma formation resulting in neurovascular compromise at the femoral catheter insertion site or groin area.

  1. Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma in pregnancy and a systematic anatomical workup of rectus sheath hematoma: a case report. (United States)

    Eckhoff, Kerstin; Wedel, Thilo; Both, Marcus; Bas, Kayhan; Maass, Nicolai; Alkatout, Ibrahim


    Rectus sheath hematoma is a rare clinical diagnosis, particularly in pregnancy. Due to unspecific symptoms, misdiagnosis is likely and could potentially endanger a patient as well as her fetus. A 26-year-old white woman presented with mild right-sided abdominal pain, which increased during palpation and movement, at 26 + 3 weeks' gestational age. Ultrasound imaging initially showed a round and well-demarcated structure, which appeared to be in contact with her uterine wall, leading to a suspected diagnosis of an infarcted leiomyoma. However, she reported increasing levels of pain and laboratory tests showed a significant drop in her initially normal hemoglobin level. A magnetic resonance imaging scan finally revealed a large type III rectus sheath hematoma on the right side. Because of progressive blood loss into her rectus sheath under conservative therapy, with a significant further decrease in her hemoglobin levels, surgical treatment via right-sided paramedian laparotomy was initiated. During the operation the arterial bleed could be ligated. She eventually achieved complete convalescence and delivered a healthy newborn spontaneously after 40 weeks of gestation. This case report highlights the clinical and diagnostic features of rectus sheath hematoma and shows the anatomical aspects of the rectus sheath, simplifying early and correct diagnosis.

  2. Spontaneous Obturator Internus Hematoma?a Rare Cause of Hip Pain: Case Report


    Chouhan, Varun; Mandliya, Alok; Chouhan, Kiran


    Introduction: Obturator internus hematoma(OIH) is a very rare entity. In past it has been reported in hemophilics, we firstly report obturator internus hematoma in a patient of stroke on antiplatelet drugs. Obturator internus hematoma can cause severe hip pain with normal X-rays, so it should kept in differential diagnosis of hip pain with normal radiographs. Case report: 74 year old male with history of recent onset stroke presented to us with left side weakness and left hip pain. Radiograph...

  3. Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon and intention tremors in case of chronic subdural hematoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sasikala P.


    Full Text Available Movement disorders are atypical and rare presentation of chronic subdural hematomas. We report a case of 60 year man who presented with intention tremors and altered sensorium. The patient had Kernohan-Woltman notch phenomenon on clinical examination. CT scan brain showed a large left fronto-temporo-parietal chronic subdural hematoma with significant mass effect and midline shift. His symptoms relieved completely after surgical evacuation of the hematoma.

  4. Traumatic acute posterior fossa subdural hematoma – A case report and review of literature

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    Jaiswal Manish


    Full Text Available Traumatic subdural hematomas of the posterior fossa are rare but dangerous neurosurgical emergencies that require prompt diagnosis and management to avoid the uniformly poor outcome. We present a case of a teenager with severe TBI and acute subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa that deteriorated rapidly before surgery but eventually made a good recovery. We also the review the literature concerning traumatic posterior fossa subdural hematomas [PFSDH].

  5. Chronic nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine: MRI diagnosis

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    Vazquez-Barquero, A.; Pinto, J.I. [Univ. Hospital ' ' Marques de Valdecilla' ' , Santander (Spain). Dept. of Neurosurgery; Abascal, F.; Garcia-Valtuille, R.; Cerezal, L. [Hospital Mompia, Cantabria, (Spain). Dept. of Radiology; Figols, F.J. [Univ. Hospital Marques de Valdecilla, Santander (Spain). Dept. of Pathology


    An uncommon case of chronic nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma of the lumbar spine in a 75-year-old woman is reported. The patient presented with a 7-month history of low back pain and bilateral sciatica. Magnetic resonance imaging enabled a correct preoperative diagnosis revealing a nodular, well-circumscribed epidural mass with peripheral enhancement and signal intensities consistent with chronic hematoma, which extended from L2 to L3. Laminectomy of L2-L3 was performed and the hematoma was totally resected. Histological examination of the surgical specimen demonstrated a chronic encapsulated hematoma. No evidence of vascular malformation was found. The patient recovered fully after surgical treatment. (orig.)

  6. Lack of evidence for an association between hemodynamic variables and hematoma growth in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. (United States)

    Jauch, Edward C; Lindsell, Christopher J; Adeoye, Opeolu; Khoury, Jane; Barsan, William; Broderick, Joseph; Pancioli, Arthur; Brott, Thomas


    Early hematoma expansion in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is associated with worse clinical outcome. We hypothesized that hemodynamic parameters are associated with the increase in hematoma volume owing to their relationship to blood vessel wall stresses. We performed a post hoc analysis of clinical and computed tomography (CT) data from patients enrolled in a prospective observational study of ICH patients presenting within 3 hours from symptom onset. Hematoma volumes were measured at hospital arrival and at 1 and 20 hours from presentation. Blood pressure and heart rate, recorded at 19 time points between presentation and 20 hours, were used to derive hemodynamic variables. Multivariable logistic-regression models were constructed to assess the relation between hemodynamic parameters and hematoma growth, adjusted for clinical covariates. From the original study, 98 patients underwent baseline and 1-hour CT scans; of these, 65 had 20-hour CT scans. Substantial hematoma growth was observed in 28% within the first hour. Of the 65 patients not undergoing surgery within 20 hours, 37% experienced hematoma growth by 20 hours. Neither baseline or peak hemodynamic parameters nor changes in hemodynamic parameters were significantly associated with hematoma growth at either 1 or 20 hours. We found no blood pressure or heart rate parameters, individually or in combination, that were associated with hematoma growth. Our data suggest the influence of hemodynamic parameters on vessel wall stress to be an unlikely target for intervention in reducing the risk of early hematoma growth in ICH.

  7. Presacral retroperitoneal hematoma after blunt trauma presents with rectal bleeding — A case report

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    Sanne Jensen Dich


    Conclusion: Rectal bleed after trauma, in a patient receiving anticoagulant treatment, should raise suspicion of a penetrating hematoma, and such patients should be managed at highly specialized facilities.

  8. Effects of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) on blood volume distribution in patients with cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Busk, Troels M; Bendtsen, Flemming; Henriksen, Jens H


    BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis is accompanied by portal hypertension with splanchnic and systemic arterial vasodilation, and central hypovolaemia. A transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) alleviates portal hypertension, but also causes major haemodynamic changes. AIMS: To investigate effects...... of TIPS on regional blood volume distribution, and systemic haemodynamics. METHODS: Thirteen cirrhotic patients had their regional blood volume distribution determined with gamma-camera technique before and after TIPS. Additionally, we measured systemic haemodynamics during liver vein and right heart...... increased (+22%, psystemic vascular resistance decreased (-26%, p

  9. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt for chylous ascites in a patient with recurrent cirrhosis following liver transplantation

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    Jason T. Salsamendi, MD


    Full Text Available Chylous ascites (CA is the extravasation of lipid-rich lymphatic fluid into the peritoneal space following trauma or obstruction of the lymphatic system. Refractory cases of cirrhosis-related CA may be amendable to transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting (TIPS. We present a case of TIPS in the setting of refractory CA secondary to cirrhosis of a transplanted liver graft. Following TIPS, the patient reported immediate improvement in abdominal pain and no longer requires paracentesis. Our case suggests TIPS to be a safe and effective treatment option for CA in liver transplant patients with cirrhosis.

  10. Endovascular management of immediate procedure-related complications of failed hemodialysis access recanalization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Dong Hun [Chosun University Hospital, Kwangju (Korea, Republic of); Goo, Dong Erk; Yang, Seung Boo; Choi, Deuk Lin; Moon Cheul [Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Chunan (Korea, Republic of)


    Endovascular procedures are becoming the standard type of care for the management of hemodialysis vascular access dysfunction. As with any type of medical procedure, these techniques can result in procedure-related complications, although the expected number of complications is low. The clinical extent of these complications varies from case to case. Management of these cases depends on the clinical presentation. Major complications such as vein rupture, arterial embolism, remote site bleeding or hematoma, symptomatic pulmonary embolism and puncture site complications necessitating treatment require major therapy. Minor complications such as non-flow compromising small puncture site hematoma or pseudoaneurysms require little or no therapy. It is essential that the interventionist be prepared to manage these complications appropriately when they arise.

  11. Postoperative Cervical Haematoma Complicated by Ipsilateral Carotid Thrombosis and Aphasia after Anterior Cervical Fusion: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kingsley R. Chin


    Full Text Available Hematoma alone is the most common vascular complication reported after anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF. We present this case to report the occurrence of postoperative cervical hematoma complicated by ipsilateral carotid thrombosis and aphasia after an uncomplicated C4–6 ACDF. This is a case of a 65-year-old woman who underwent revision fusions of the C4-5 and C6-7 levels complicated by postoperative cervical hematoma and carotid thrombosis. The patient's history, clinical examination, imaging findings, and treatment are reported. The revision fusions were performed and deemed routine. Approximately eight hours later 200 mL of blood was evacuated from a postoperative cervical hematoma. The patient became unresponsive and disoriented a few hours after evacuating the hematoma. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the brain were normal, but magnetic resonance angiography demonstrated total occlusion of the left carotid artery. Thrombectomy was performed and the patient was discharged without residual deficits. At the latest followup she is fully functional and asymptomatic in her neck. We suggest, after evacuating a cervical hematoma, an evaluation of the carotids be made with MRA or cerebral angiography, as this may demonstrate a clot before the patient develops symptoms.

  12. Pancreatite aguda devida a hematoma intramural do duodeno por uso de anticoagulante Acute pancreatitis due to intramural hematoma of the duodenum by use of anticoagulant therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samer FARHOUD


    is reduced by less intense therapy, achieving a prothrombin time with an International Normalized Ratio of 2,0 to 3,0. Results -- The use of conservative treatment was helpful and the patient was discharged asymptomatic, 10 days after admission. Conclusion -- It is suggested conservative treatment for intramural hematoma of the duodenum and recommended laparotomy only when complications occur.

  13. Epidural hematoma after tympanomastoidectomy and bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) placement: case report. (United States)

    Mesfin, Fassil B; Perkins, Nora W; Brook, Christopher; Foyt, David; German, John W


    Epidural hematoma (EDH) has never been reported as a complication after placement of a bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA). To our knowledge, this is the first case report of an EDH after placement of a BAHA. We report the case of a 15-year-old girl with an EDH after placement of a BAHA. Initially, she presented with a history of right ear conductive hearing loss and had a tympanomastoidectomy and placement of a BAHA at an outpatient surgical facility. Postoperatively, the patient was transferred to the postoperative care unit in stable neurological condition but was subsequently noted to be lethargic with dilated, nonreactive pupils and extensor posturing. A computed tomography scan revealed a large right temporal EDH with midline shift. She was then taken to the operating room emergently for craniotomy and evacuation of the EDH. After evacuation, she was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit and slowly emerged from her coma with supportive care. She was discharged to inpatient rehabilitation and has made a good recovery. This report emphasizes the need for a high index of suspicion of this rare, but life-threatening complication of an EDH after the placement of a BAHA.

  14. Optoacoustic detection and monitoring of blast-induced intracranial hematomas in rats (United States)

    Petrov, Andrey; Wynne, Karon E.; Prough, Donald S.; Dewitt, Douglas S.; Petrov, Yuriy; Petrov, Irene Y.; Parsley, Margaret A.; Esenaliev, Rinat O.


    Patients with acute intracranial hematomas often require surgical drainage within the first four hours after traumatic brain injury (TBI) to avoid death or severe neurologic disability. CT and MRI permit rapid, noninvasive diagnosis of hematomas, but can be used only at a major health-care facility. At present, there is no device for noninvasive detection and characterization of hematomas in pre-hospital settings. We proposed to use an optoacoustic technique for rapid, noninvasive diagnosis and monitoring of hematomas, including intracranial hematomas. Unlike bulky CT and MR equipment, an optoacoustic system can be small and easily transported in an emergency vehicle. In this study we used a specially-designed blast device to inflict TBI in rats. A near-infrared OPO-based optoacoustic system developed for hematoma diagnosis and for blood oxygenation monitoring in the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) in small animals was used in the study. Optoacoustic signals recorded simultaneously from the SSS and hematomas allowed for measurements of their oxygenations. The presence of hematomas was confirmed after the experiment in gross pictures of the exposed brains. After blast the hematoma signal and oxygenation increased, while SSS oxygenation decreased due to the blastinduced TBI. The increase of the oxygenation in fresh hematomas may be explained by the leakage of blood from arteries which have higher blood pressure compared to that of veins. These results indicate that the optoacoustic technique can be used for early diagnosis of hematomas and may provide important information for improving outcomes in patients with TBI or stroke (both hemorrhagic and ischemic).

  15. Incidence and Risk Factors of Postoperative Hematoma Requiring Reoperation in Single-level Lumbar Fusion Surgery. (United States)

    Park, Joon-Hee; Li, Guohua; Kim, Minjae


    Retrospective cohort. The purpose of the present study was to examine the incidence and risk factors for postoperative hematoma requiring reoperation in patients undergoing single-level lumbar fusion surgery. Postoperative hematoma can cause devastating neurological consequences after spine surgery. Risk factors for hematoma in specific spine procedures have not been well established. A cohort of patients undergoing single-level lumbar fusion surgery was constructed from the 2012 to 2013 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program dataset using Current Procedural Terminology codes (22533, 22558, 22612, 22630, and 22633). In cases requiring reoperation within 30 days after initial surgery, postoperative hematoma was identified using the ICD-9 code 998.1. Risk factors for postoperative hematoma were assessed with logistic regression modeling. Of 5280 patients undergoing single-level lumbar fusion surgery, 27 patients (0.5%) developed a postoperative hematoma requiring reoperation for hematoma evacuation. A heightened incidence of postoperative hematoma was found in patients who were smokers (1.0% vs. 0.4% for nonsmokers, P = 0.016) or who had a diagnosis of bleeding disorder (3.8% vs. 0.5% for those without bleeding disorder, P = 0.007). Multivariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the adjusted odds ratios for postoperative hematoma associated with smoking and bleeding disorder were 3.34 (95% confidence interval, 1.15-9.71) and 10.2 (95% confidence interval, 1.9-54.8), respectively. Smoking and bleeding disorder appear to be major risk factors for postoperative hematoma requiring reoperation after single-level lumbar fusion surgery. Intervention programs targeting patients with these risk factors are needed to reduce their excess risk of postoperative hematoma. 3.

  16. Pontine tegmentum hematoma: report of a case with pure hemiplegia

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    Full Text Available The authors report the case of a 50 year-old hypertensive male patient with a pontine hematoma. The clinical presentation was characterized by pure pyramidal deficit signs (no other signs or symptoms were present. A pure hemiplegia syndrome, although common in supratentorial lesions, is considered to be a rare event in pontine vascular lesions. The pathophysiologic mechanisms of these neurological findings are unclear. The exclusive involvement of the pyramidal tract in this case is likely due to a variation in the vascular anatomy of the pons but, in some cases, a vascular malformation may be the cause.

  17. Dolor abdominal y hematoma cutáneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)



    Full Text Available Mujer de 83 años portadora de cardiopatía isquémica, insuficiencia mitral moderada, fibrilación auricular crónica. A tratamiento con nitroglicerina transdérmica, diuréticos, calcioantagonistas, estatinas y anticoagulantes orales (acenocumarol.Ingresa en nuestro Servicio por infección respiratoria e insuficiencia respiratoria, con tos frecuente y expectoración amarillenta en los 4 días previos. En el noveno día de su ingreso refiere la presencia de un hematoma espontáneo a nivel abdominal acompañado de dolor a dicho nivel.

  18. Performance of blend sign in predicting hematoma expansion in intracerebral hemorrhage: A meta-analysis. (United States)

    Yu, Zhiyuan; Zheng, Jun; Guo, Rui; Ma, Lu; Li, Mou; Wang, Xiaoze; Lin, Sen; Li, Hao; You, Chao


    Hematoma expansion is independently associated with poor outcome in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Blend sign is a simple predictor for hematoma expansion on non-contrast computed tomography. However, its accuracy for predicting hematoma expansion is inconsistent in previous studies. This meta-analysis is aimed to systematically assess the performance of blend sign in predicting hematoma expansion in ICH. A systematic literature search was conducted. Original studies about predictive accuracy of blend sign for hematoma expansion in ICH were included. Pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios were calculated. Summary receiver operating characteristics curve was constructed. Publication bias was assessed by Deeks' funnel plot asymmetry test. A total of 5 studies with 2248 patients were included in this meta-analysis. The pooled sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative likelihood ratios of blend sign for predicting hematoma expansion were 0.28, 0.92, 3.4 and 0.78, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) was 0.85. No significant publication bias was found. This meta-analysis demonstrates that blend sign is a useful predictor with high specificity for hematoma expansion in ICH. Further studies with larger sample size are still necessary to verify the accuracy of blend sign for predicting hematoma expansion. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Complications associated with radiofrequency ablation of pulmonary veins. (United States)

    Madrid Pérez, J M; García Barquín, P M; Villanueva Marcos, A J; García Bolao, J I; Bastarrika Alemañ, G

    Radiofrequency ablation is an efficacious alternative in patients with symptomatic atrial fibrillation who do not respond to or are intolerant to at least one class I or class III antiarrhythmic drug. Although radiofrequency ablation is a safe procedure, complications can occur. Depending on the location, these complications can be classified into those that affect the pulmonary veins themselves, cardiac complications, extracardiac intrathoracic complications, remote complications, and those that result from vascular access. The most common complications are hematomas, arteriovenous fistulas, and pseudoaneurysms at the puncture site. Some complications are benign and transient, such as gastroparesis or diaphragmatic elevation, whereas others are potentially fatal, such as cardiac tamponade. Radiologists must be familiar with the complications that can occur secondary to pulmonary vein ablation to ensure early diagnosis and treatment. Copyright © 2016 SERAM. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Spontaneous chronic spinal subdural hematoma associated with spinal arachnoiditis and syringomyelia. (United States)

    Siddiqi, F; Hammond, R; Lee, D; Duggal, N


    Spontaneous chronic spinal subdural hematoma is rare. We describe a case of spontaneous chronic spinal subdural hematoma associated with arachnoiditis and syringomyelia in a 76-year old woman who presented with a 14-year history of progressive myelopathy. MRI scan revealed a thoraco-lumbar subdural cystic lesion and a thoracic syrinx. The patient underwent thoracic laminectomy and decompression of the lesion, which was a subdural hematoma. A myelotomy was performed to drain the syrinx. Pathological examination revealed features consistent with chronic subdural membrane. This report attempts to elucidate the pathogenesis of chronic spinal subdural hematoma. We discuss possible etiological factors in light of the current literature and pathogenesis of both spinal subdural hematoma and syrinx formation.

  1. Spontaneous Obturator Internus Hematoma-a Rare Cause of Hip Pain: Case Report. (United States)

    Chouhan, Varun; Mandliya, Alok; Chouhan, Kiran


    Obturator internus hematoma(OIH) is a very rare entity. In past it has been reported in hemophilics, we firstly report obturator internus hematoma in a patient of stroke on antiplatelet drugs. Obturator internus hematoma can cause severe hip pain with normal X-rays, so it should kept in differential diagnosis of hip pain with normal radiographs. 74 year old male with history of recent onset stroke presented to us with left side weakness and left hip pain. Radiographs were normal. MRI revealed left obturator internus hematoma. Patient was treated conservatively by stopping antiplatelet medications. Obturator internus hematoma is very rare but very important entity to recognise as it may mimic myositis or abscess around hip joint. Failing to recognize it and treating patient surgically may lead to untoward consequences.

  2. Renal Cell Carcinoma Metastasis from Biopsy Associated Hematoma Disruption during Robotic Partial Nephrectomy

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    Christopher Caputo


    Full Text Available We describe a case in which a patient with a past medical history of ovarian cancer received a diagnostic renal biopsy for an incidentally discovered renal mass. During left robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN, a perinephric hematoma was encountered. The hematoma was not present on preoperative imaging and was likely a result of the renal biopsy. The renal cell carcinoma (RCC and the associated hematoma were widely excised with negative surgical margins. On follow-up imaging at five months postoperatively, a recurrent renal mass at the surgical resection bed and several new nodules in the omentum were detected. During completion left robotic total nephrectomy and omental excision, intraoperative frozen sections confirmed metastatic RCC. We believe that a hematoma seeded with RCC formed as a result of the renal biopsy, and subsequent disruption of the hematoma during RPN caused contamination of RCC into the surrounding structures.

  3. Comparison of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt with covered stent and ballon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration in managing isolated gastric varices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Seung Kwon; Lee, Kristen A.; Sauk, Steven; Korenblat, Kevin [Washington University St. Louis School of Medicine, St. Louis (United States)


    Although a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is commonly placed to manage isolated gastric varices, balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (BRTO) has also been used. We compare the long-term outcomes from these procedures based on our institutional experience. We conducted a retrospective review of patients with isolated gastric varices who underwent either TIPS with a covered stent or BRTO between January 2000 and July 2013. We identified 52 consecutive patients, 27 who had received TIPS with a covered stent and 25 who had received BRTO. We compared procedural complications, re-bleeding rates, and clinical outcomes between the two groups. There were no significant differences in procedural complications between patients who underwent TIPS (7%) and those who underwent BRTO (12%) (p = 0.57). There were also no statistically significant differences in re-bleeding rates from gastric varices between the two groups (TIPS, 7% [2/27]; BRTO, 8% [2/25]; p = 0.94) or in developing new ascites following either procedure (TIPS, 4%; BRTO, 4%; p = 0.96); significantly more patients who underwent TIPS developed hepatic encephalopathy (22%) than did those who underwent BRTO (0%, p = 0.01). There was no statistically significant difference in mean survival between the two groups (TIPS, 30 months; BRTO, 24 months; p = 0.16); median survival for the patients who received TIPS was 16.6 months, and for those who underwent BRTO, it was 26.6 months. BRTO is an effective method of treating isolated gastric varices with similar outcomes and complication rates to those of TIPS with a covered stent but with a lower rate of hepatic encephalopathy.

  4. Pregnancy Complications (United States)

    ... To receive Pregnancy email updates Enter email Submit Pregnancy complications Complications of pregnancy are health problems that ... pregnancy. Expand all | Collapse all Health problems before pregnancy Before pregnancy, make sure to talk to your ...

  5. Trans-caval trans-jugular liver biopsy--a technical modification of trans-jugular liver biopsy. (United States)

    Moses, V; Keshava, S N; Mammen, S; Ahmed, M; Eapen, C E; Ramakrishna, B


    To (a) describe the technical modification of trans-caval TJLB and (b) review our series of nine cases. We performed a retrospective review of all trans-caval TJLBs performed; we assessed indications for the procedure, technical success, complications, adequacy of specimen and histological positivity. The technical success rate of the procedure was 9/9 (100%); the minor complication rate was 1/9 (11%), adequate specimen was obtained in all cases and a histological diagnosis was achieved in 8/9 (89%) cases. This preliminary report suggests that trans-caval modification of TJLB is a relatively safe procedure that may be useful in cases where conventional TJLB is infeasible. (a) We describe the technique of trans-caval TJLBs and report our findings in the largest series of published cases. (b) Trans-caval TJLB is relatively safe and can be used to increase the success rates of conventional TJLB.

  6. Vascular complications in orthopedic surgery. (United States)

    Chervu, A; Quinones-Baldrich, W J


    Vascular complications may be seen secondary to trauma or in the perioperative period following elective surgery. Prompt recognition and correction of these problems are of utmost importance to assure functional viability of the affected extremity. Evaluation may be complicated by the presence of preexisting atherosclerotic occlusive disease in the elderly patient. Relevant points in the history and physical examination include mechanism of injury, preexisting disease, evaluation of motor and sensory function, and presence and character of pulses. Noninvasive vascular studies should be obtained in all patients. Absolute indications for angiography include absent pulses, signs and symptoms of ischemia, a bruit, and a posterior knee dislocation; decreased pulses, a significant hematoma, and proximity of the fracture fragment are relative indications. Controversial issues in the management of combined orthopedic and vascular injuries include the use of internal versus external fixation, the use of prosthetic versus autogenous material, and the need for venous reconstruction. Popliteal artery trauma is still associated with a high limb loss rate, and careful evaluation of knee injuries is necessary. Vascular compromise may also complicate joint replacement surgery. These complications are preventable, and management is greatly simplified by a detailed preoperative evaluation.

  7. Can femoral dialysis catheter insertion cause a life threatening complication?

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    Nurkay Katrancıoğlu


    Full Text Available Venous catheter (VC insertion may be necessary for the patients with renal failure facing vascular access problem. Femoral VCs are commonly used for their lower complication rates especially in emergency clinics. The incidence of bleeding associated with VC is reported 0.5-1.6%, however, life threatening hemorrhage and complications requiring surgical intervention are very rare. In this manuscript, we aimed to present a case with hemolytic uremic syndrome complicated with retroperitoneal hematoma after femoral VC insertion. J Clin Exp Invest 2014; 5 (3: 472-474

  8. Subdural haemorrhage following endoscopic third ventriculostomy. A rare complication.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kamel, M H


    Subdural collections or hematomas are frequently observed after shunt placement [7-9, 13], but rarely after ETV [6]. A review of literature revealed 7 cases [1, 5, 6, 10, 12], of which only 1 was symptomatic [5]. We will discuss the causes, management, and methods of prevention of this complication and we will present a case of symptomatic subdural haematoma, following endoscopic third ventriculostomy for illustration.

  9. Postoperative anticoagulation in patients with mechanical heart valves following surgical treatment of subdural hematomas. (United States)

    Amin, Anubhav G; Ng, Julie; Hsu, Wesley; Pradilla, Gustavo; Raza, Shaan; Quinones-Hinojosa, Alfredo; Lim, Michael


    Thromboembolic events and anticoagulation-associated bleeding events represent frequent complications following cardiac mechanical valve replacement. Management guidelines regarding the timing for resuming anticoagulation therapy following a surgically treated subdural hematoma (SDH) in patients with mechanical valves remains to be determined. To determine optimal anticoagulation management in patients with mechanical heart valves following treatment of SDH. Outcomes were retrospectively reviewed for 12 patients on anticoagulation therapy for thromboembolic prophylaxis for mechanical cardiac valves who underwent surgical intervention for a SDH at the Johns Hopkins Hospital between 1995 and 2010. The mean age at admission was 71 years. All patients had St. Jude's mechanical heart valves and were receiving anticoagulation therapy. All patients had their anticoagulation reversed with vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma and underwent surgical evacuation. Anticoagulation was withheld for a mean of 14 days upon admission and a mean of 9 days postoperatively. The average length of stay was 19 days. No deaths or thromboembolic events occurred during the hospitalization. Average follow-up time was 50 months, during which two patients had a recurrent SDH. No other associated morbidities occurred during follow-up. Interruptions in anticoagulation therapy for up to 3 weeks pose minimal thromboembolic risk in patients with mechanical heart valves. Close follow-up after discharge is highly recommended, as recurrent hemorrhages can occur several weeks after the resumption of anticoagulation.

  10. Hematoma extradural da fossa posterior: relato de sete casos

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    Mauro A. Oliveira


    Full Text Available Hematomas da fossa posterior são complicação incomum de traumatismo cra-nioencefálico. Quase invariavelmente eles ocorrem após traumatismo da região occipital e estão associados com fraturas de crânio. O diagnóstico e tratamento dessa patologia tem sido grandemente favorecido pela tomografia computadorizada. Na presente série, a maioria dos pacientes teve evolução aguda, indicando o risco potencial de um tratamento conservador. Nossos resultados (29% de mortalidade são similares àqueles previamente relatados para outras séries dessas lesões.

  11. Subdural hematoma cases identified through a Danish patient register

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Frantz Rom; Halle, Bo; Pottegård, Anton


    PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess the usefulness of Danish patient registers for epidemiological studies of subdural hematoma (SDH) and to describe clinical characteristics of validated cases. METHODS: Using a patient register covering a geographically defined area in Denmark, we retrieved...... hospital contacts recorded under SDH International Classification of Diseases version 10 codes S065 and I620 in 2000-2012. Neurosurgeons reviewed medical records of all potential cases. Based on brain scan results, verified cases were classified by SDH type (chronic SDH (cSDH) or acute SDH (aSDH)). Thirty......-day mortality and preadmission antithrombotic drug use were established through linkage to population-based registers. We calculated the positive predictive value of the SDH code and compared mortality and preadmission antithrombotic drug use of cSDH with those of aSDH (age-adjusted and sex-adjusted odds ratio...

  12. Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma presenting as paraplegia after cardiac surgery. (United States)

    Kin, Hajime; Mukaida, Masayuki; Koizumi, Junichi; Kamada, Takeshi; Mitsunaga, Yoshino; Iwase, Tomoyuki; Ikai, Akio; Okabayashi, Hitoshi


    An 86-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo aortic valve replacement and coronary artery bypass graft. On postoperative day 3, she developed sudden-onset neck pain followed by weakness in the right arm. Her symptoms worsened with time, and she developed paraplegia. At 60 h after the first complaint, spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) from C2 to C6 with spinal cord compression was diagnosed from a magnetic resonance image of the cervical region. We decided on conservative therapy because operative recovery was impossible. Delayed diagnosis led to grievous results in the present case. When neurological abnormalities follow neck or back pain after open heart surgery, SSEH must be considered in the differential diagnosis. Further, if it is suspected, early cervical computed tomography/magnetic resonance imaging and surgery should be considered.

  13. Neuroendoscopic Removal of Acute Subdural Hematoma with Contusion: Advantages for Elderly Patients

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    Ryota Tamura


    Full Text Available Background. Large craniotomy for acute subdural hematoma is sometimes too invasive. We report good outcomes for two cases of neuroendoscopic evacuation of hematoma and contusion by 1 burr hole surgery. Case Presentation. Both patients arrived by ambulance at our hospital with disturbed consciousness after falling. Case 1 was an 81-year-old man who took antiplatelet drugs for brain infarction. Case 2 was a 73-year-old alcoholic woman. CT scanning showed acute subdural hematoma and frontal contusion in both cases. In the acute stage, glycerol was administered to reduce edema; CTs after 48 and 72 hours showed an increase of subdural hematoma and massive contusion of the frontal lobe. Disturbed consciousness steadily deteriorated. The subdural hematoma and contusion were removed as soon as possible by neuroendoscopy under local anesthesia, because neither patient was a good candidate for large craniotomy considering age and past history. 40%~70% of the hematoma was removed, and the consciousness level improved. Conclusion. Neuroendoscopic removal of acute subdural hematoma and contusion has advantages and disadvantages. For patients with underlying medical issues or other risk factors, it is likely to be effective.

  14. Calcified epidural hematoma in pediatric age group: A report of two cases

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    A Trivedi


    Full Text Available The authors present a rare case of calcified (ossified chronic epidural hematoma developed in a six-and-a-half-year-old female patient who was operated for cerebellar astrocytoma 6 months earlier. There was no history of trauma. Ossified epidural hematoma was seen as an incidental finding in the follow-up in computed tomography scan after 6 months of primary glioma surgery. Ossified chronic epidural hematoma with thick collagenous wall and newly formed bone on dura was excised. The development of calcified chronic subdural hematoma after decompressive intracranial surgery is a well-known occurrence, but the fact that a calcified epidural hematoma, which is rare and which can also develop after decompressive surgery, and the occurrence of calcified (ossified epidural hematoma after postfossa a glioma surgery is not yet reported. The second case is a 9-year-old male anemic child with a history of fall while playing 5 months earlier who presented with headache of 3 months duration. He had bifrontal calcified epidural hematoma operated by craniotomy and excision of calcified dural edge.

  15. Traumatic hematomas in deep middle portion of the cerebrum case report

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    Tsukahara, T.; Nishikawa, M.; Kim, S.; Shibata, T.; Iwama, M. (Shizuoka Rohsai Hospital, Hamamatsu (Japan))


    Recently we have encountered three cases of small traumatic hematoma in deep middle portion of the cerebrum. Patient 1: A 55-year-old male was admitted to our hospital 2-days after the traffic accident. CT scan showed small hematoma around septum pellucidi and fornix and in the posterior horn of left lateral ventricle. Patient 2: A 54-year-old male was admitted to our hospital a day after the head injury. CT scan showed hematoma in the supraventral portion of the third ventricle. Patient 3: A 27-year-old male was admitted to our hospital a day after the head injury. CT scan showed hematoma around quadrigeminal cistern and midbrain. Three cases reported here are traumatic hematomas without mass effect, which were pointed out only by autopsy. On traumatic hematoma in the deep middle portion of the brain we have only a few reports. On the mechanism of this bleeding Lindenberg and Kohno reported that the bleeding is caused by outward bending of the skull in injury. Lindenberg et al insisted that when traumatic force goes through corpus callosum over stretching of corpus callosum caused bleeding and that shearing force can damage septum pellucidi and fornix. Although these small hematomas are absorbed gradually functional prognosis is poor. Especially Korsakov syndrome and left hemiparesis in patient 1 shows no sign of recovery. In patient 2 and patient 3 decreased mental activity and hemiparesis have continued. Treatment of these cases cannot be surgical, as far as severe brain edema does not appeared.

  16. Hemiparesis Caused by Cervical Spontaneous Spinal Epidural Hematoma: A Report of 3 Cases

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    Kinya Nakanishi


    Full Text Available We report three cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH with hemiparesis. The first patient was a 73-year-old woman who presented with left hemiparesis, neck pain, and left shoulder pain. A cervical MRI scan revealed a left posterolateral epidural hematoma at the C3–C6 level. The condition of the patient improved after laminectomy and evacuation of the epidural hematoma. The second patient was a 62-year-old man who presented with right hemiparesis and neck pain. A cervical MRI scan revealed a right posterolateral dominant epidural hematoma at the C6-T1 level. The condition of the patient improved after laminectomy and evacuation of the epidural hematoma. The third patient was a 60-year-old woman who presented with left hemiparesis and neck pain. A cervical MRI scan revealed a left posterolateral epidural hematoma at the C2–C4 level. The condition of the patient improved with conservative treatment. The classical clinical presentation of SSEH is acute onset of severe irradiating back pain followed by progression to paralysis, whereas SSEH with hemiparesis is less common. Our cases suggest that acute cervical spinal epidural hematoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis in patients presenting with clinical symptoms of sudden neck pain and radicular pain with progression to hemiparesis.

  17. Levator hematoma at the attachment zone as an early marker for levator ani muscle avulsion. (United States)

    van Delft, K; Thakar, R; Shobeiri, S Abbas; Sultan, A H


    Childbirth causes overstretching of the levator ani muscle (LAM), predisposing to avulsion. LAM avulsion has not been evaluated early postpartum using endovaginal ultrasound (EVUS). The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between hematomas and LAM avulsion using EVUS and palpation early and late postpartum. Nulliparous women were studied prospectively at 36 weeks' gestation and within 4 days and 3 months postpartum. Palpation and high-frequency three-dimensional EVUS were performed. Two independent investigators reviewed the scans. No antenatal LAM avulsions were found (n = 269). 114/199 (57.3%) women seen early postpartum agreed to examination. 27/114 (23.7%) had well delineated, hypoechoic areas consistent with hematomas (100% agreement), 26 following vaginal delivery, one following emergency Cesarean section. In total, 38 hematomas were found (11 bilateral, 16 unilateral). Hematomas away from the attachment zone of the LAM to the pubic bone (n = 22) resolved. Hematomas at the attachment zone (n = 16) manifested as pubococcygeus avulsions 3 months postpartum. In addition to these 16 avulsions, we found another 20 at 3 months postpartum. 13/20 were not scanned early postpartum and in seven no hematomas were seen, but avulsion was seen early postpartum. Overall, LAM avulsion was found in 23/191 (12.0%) women (13 bilateral, 10 unilateral) 3 months postpartum. Hematomas were significantly associated with episiotomy, instrumental delivery and increased hiatal measurements. Palpation was unreliable early postpartum as only seven avulsions were diagnosed. Hematomas at the site of LAM attachment to the pubic bone always result in avulsion diagnosed 3 months postpartum. However, one third of avulsions are not preceded by a hematoma at the site of LAM attachment to the pubic bone. Copyright © 2013 ISUOG. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  18. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt for Maintenance of Portal Venous Patency in Liver Transplant Candidates

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    Ron Charles Gaba


    Full Text Available Maintenance of portal venous patency is vital to liver transplant candidates, as the presence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT adversely impacts clinical outcomes by increasing surgical complexity and decreasing postoperative survival. By enhancing portal venous blood flow, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS creation may enable clearance of PVT and preservation of portal venous patency in cirrhotic patients. Herein, we describe four cases in which TIPS produced and sustained an open portal venous system in liver transplant candidates with partial PVT. All patients demonstrated rapid and effective flow-enabled clearance of clot and intermediate to long-term preservation of portal venous flow. On this basis, we propose that maintenance of portal venous patency in liver transplant candidates with partial PVT represents a developing indication for TIPS.

  19. Idiopathic Scrotal Hematoma in Neonate: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

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    Bioku Muftau Jimoh


    Full Text Available Neonatal scrotal hematoma is a rare genitourinary emergency. Some cases have underlining aetiologic factors such as testicular torsion, adrenal hemorrhage, or birth trauma, and others are idiopathic. Previously, immediate scrotal exploration was considered imperative for diagnosis and treatment. With good imaging techniques, some patients are managed nonoperatively. We report a case of idiopathic scrotal hematoma in a neonate. He was managed conservatively with clinical and radiological follow-up. There was complete resolution of hematoma within two months, thus, avoiding unnecessary exploration.

  20. Spontaneous subdural hematoma of the thoracolumbar region with massive recurrent bleed

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    Cincu Rafael


    Full Text Available Spinal subdural hematoma is a rare disorder and can be caused by abnormalities of coagulation, blood dyscrasias, lumbar puncture, trauma, underlying neoplasm, and arteriovenous malformation. We discuss an unusual case of an elderly woman who presented with spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma and developed massive rebleeding on the third day following initial evacuation of hematoma. This case illustrates that a patient with routine normal coagulation profile and adequate hemostasis can still harbor platelet dysfunction (in present case due to polycythemia and later on can manifest as rebleeding and neurological deterioration.

  1. Obturator Compartment Syndrome Secondary to Pelvic Hematoma After Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy (United States)

    Song, Jun H.; Abbott, Daniel; Gewirtz, Eric; Hauck, Ellen; Eun, Daniel D.


    Abstract Obturator nerve injury is a known injury after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and patients often present with motor and sensory deficits in the immediate postoperative period. We describe a 65-year-old male who presented with motor deficits, indicative of obturator neurapraxia after RALP upon waking from anesthesia. Work-up revealed an expansile hematoma possibly compressing the obturator nerve. After evacuation of the hematoma, the patient had immediate improvement of his neurologic deficits. Our patient's clinical vignette illustrates the importance of considering postsurgical hematoma in the differential diagnosis when patients present with signs and symptoms of obturator neurapraxia after RALP. PMID:27579444

  2. Langerhans' cell histiocytosis presenting with an intracranial epidural hematoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, K.-W. [Department of Pediatrics, Loma Linda Children' s Hospital and University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA (United States); McLeary, M.S. [Div. of Pediatric Radiology, Loma Linda Children' s Hospital and University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA (United States); Zuppan, C.W. [Dept. of Pathology, Loma Linda Children' s Hospital and University Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA (United States); Won, D.J. [Div. of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Loma Linda University Children' s Hospital, Loma Linda, CA (United States)


    An 8-year-old boy developed vomiting and severe headache following minor head trauma. A CT scan of the head demonstrated a lytic lesion of the skull and adjacent epidural hematoma. Surgical evacuation and removal of the skull lesion and hematoma were carried out, and pathologic evaluation resulted in a diagnosis of Langerhans' cell histiocytosis (LCH). Epidural involvement of Langerhans' cell histiocytosis is very rare, and we report the first case of LCH presenting as an intracranial epidural hematoma. (orig.)

  3. Spontaneous rupture of the spleen: A rare complication in a patient with lupus nephritis on hemodialysis

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    Nadri Quaid


    Full Text Available Rupture of the spleen is a life threatening condition. We report a 40-year-old fe-male patient, a known case of lupus nephritis receiving hemodialysis, who developed spontaneous rupture of the spleen during the course of her illness. The patient was managed conservatively with gradual regression of hematoma without further complications.

  4. Spinal subarachnoid and subdural hematoma presenting as a Brown-Séquard-like myelopathy following minor trauma in a patient on dabigatran etexilate

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    Allen R. Wolfe, MD, MPH


    Full Text Available Dabigatran etexilate is a relatively new anticoagulant from the class of direct thrombin inhibitors which is administered orally and does not require routine blood work monitoring. Dabigatran may be attractive to both clinicians and patients because of both its convenience and efficacy; however, clinical complications are still being elucidated. Here, we present a previously unreported case of spinal subarachnoid and subdural hematoma presenting as a Brown-Séquard-like myelopathy in a patient after minor trauma in the setting of Dabigatran anticoagulation.

  5. Complications in blepharoplasty: how to avoid and manage them. (United States)

    Patrocinio, Tomas Gomes; Loredo, Bruno Alvarenga Silva; Arevalo, Carlos Eduardo Arnez; Patrocinio, Lucas Gomes; Patrocinio, José Antonio


    Complications in blepharoplasty are uncommon and, when they occur, they are usually mild and transient, such as hematomas and chemosis. However, sometimes they can be severe, such as blindness, or they might require surgical correction, such as ectropion. To evaluate the results and complications of transcutaneous blepharoplasty performed in the same procedure, discussing how to treat and how to avoid them. A retrospective study of 200 medical records of consecutive patients that underwent transcutaneous blepharoplasty from January 2007 to January 2009. The variables analyzed were age, gender, complications, clinical outcome, patient satisfaction, and photographic documentation. The incidence of complications was 9.5% (19 patients). The complications were 1 hematoma, 12 cases of chemosis and 13 patients who underwent canthoplasty, 6 patients with malposition of the lower eyelid (5 retractions and 1 ectropion). Medical treatment was performed in 12 patients and revision surgery in 7 cases of all the patients who had complications. We demonstrated that blepharoplasty is a procedure with a high satisfaction and a low complication rate, and it is an excellent surgical procedure, when properly indicated.

  6. Local complications

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van den Akker, H.P.; Baart, J.A.; Baart, J.A.; Brand, H.S.


    Local anaesthesia is frequently used in dentistry and seldom leads to serious local complications. Nevertheless, it is of great importance to be aware of the causes of each local complication and – if necessary – implement correct treatment. The patient must be informed extensively and, if

  7. Closed suction drainage using Lichtenstein technique in preventing wound complications following inguinal hernioplasty: brief report

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    Hamid Reza Hemmati


    Results: No adverse event including hematoma, seroma or wound infection occurred in either group with or without closed suction drainage in the first 10 days after surgery. Only one patient carried wound infection during days 10 to 15 following operation who was in the group with closed drainage (P=1.00. Conclusion: In this study, Seroma and hematoma was not observed in patients with and without closed suction drainage. To avoid drains' complications, indiscriminate use of antibiotics, prolonged hospital stay, we do not recommend the use of drains in this type of surgery.

  8. Spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma: a case report and review of the literature; Hematoma epidural cervical espontaneo: a proposito de un caso y revision de la bibligrafia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aparici, F.; Mas, F.; Solera, M. C.; Moro, G. [Hospital Universitario La Fe. Valencia (Spain)


    We present the case of a 78-year-old woman with a spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma that presented with sudden interscapular pain accompanied by left hemiparesis and a significant improvement 15 minutes later. Initially diagnosed as angina, the persistence of pain in dorsal cervical spine suggested the need to perform magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The images demonstrated a lesion in the epidural spinal canal at level C3-D2 that presented a heterogeneous signal intensity, with hyperintense areas in T1-weighted sequences and hypointense areas in gradient-echo sequences, with no sign of compression myelopathy. A diagnosis of epidural hematoma was established and, given the favorable clinical course, conservative treatment was indicated. The second MRI study showed the complete resorption of the epidural hematoma. (Author) 12 refs.

  9. Concurrent Spontaneous Sublingual and Intramural Small Bowel Hematoma due to Warfarin Use

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    Gül Pamukçu Günaydın


    Full Text Available Introduction. We present a case of concurrent spontaneous sublingual and intramural small bowel hematoma due to warfarin anticoagulation. Case. A 71-year-old man presented to the emergency department complaining of a swollen, painful tongue. He was on warfarin therapy. Physical examination revealed sublingual hematoma. His international normalized ratio was 11.9. The computed tomography scan of the neck demonstrated sublingual hematoma. He was admitted to emergency department observation unit, monitored closely; anticoagulation was reversed with fresh frozen plasma and vitamin K. 26 hours after his arrival to the emergency department, his abdominal pain and melena started. His abdomen tomography demonstrated intestinal submucosal hemorrhage in the ileum. He was admitted to surgical floor, monitored closely, and discharged on day 4. Conclusion. Since the patient did not have airway compromise holding anticoagulant, reversing anticoagulation, close monitoring and observation were enough for management of both sublingual and spontaneous intramural small bowel hematoma.

  10. Retropharyngeal hematoma secondary to cervical spine surgery: report of one fatal case. (United States)

    Dedouit, Fabrice; Grill, Stéphane; Guilbeau-Frugier, Céline; Savall, Frédéric; Rougé, Daniel; Telmon, Norbert


    A 53-year-old woman suffering from radicular pain due to cervical herniation underwent a spinal surgery consisting of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion with an implantable titanium cage. Five hours after the procedure, the patient developed cervical swelling and dyspnea. An emergency surgery permitted evacuation of a deep cervical hematoma and intubation of the patient, who died some minutes later. The family of the deceased lodged a complaint with the public prosecutor because of unclear circumstances of death. After analysis of the medical records by two forensic pathologists, a medicolegal autopsy was ordered. Massive retropharyngeal and mediastinal hematomas were diagnosed. Pathological study confirmed acute cervical hemorrhage, but failed to detect the source of bleeding. The forensic pathologists concluded that death was due to mechanical asphyxia secondary to pharyngeal compression by the cervical hematoma. To the best of our knowledge, death secondary to retropharyngeal hematoma in this neurosurgical context is rarely encountered. © 2014 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  11. Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma as the initial manifestation of chronic myeloid leukemia. (United States)

    Abdulhamid, Mohamed M; Li, Yan Michael; Hall, Walter A


    Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma is rare and limited to sporadic case reports, associated with neoplasm, aneurysm, arteriovenous malformation and cocaine use. Subdural hematoma has also been reported in association with leukemic malignancies, either during therapy or after diagnosis. However, there are no reports of spontaneous acute subdural hematoma as the primary initial presenting manifestation of a chronic myeloid leukemia. Here we describe one case of a 53-year-old male that presented with severe right-sided headache and intermittent left-sided paresthesias. CT scan showed non-traumatic right-sided acute subdural hematoma. Further evaluation revealed that the patient had chronic myeloid leukemia. His peripheral white blood count normalized after Gleevec and hydroxyurea chemotherapy. Furthermore, he had no neurological deficits after his subdural collection was adequately evacuated.

  12. CD163 promotes hematoma absorption and improves neurological functions in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage

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    Wen-jing Xie


    Full Text Available Clinical outcomes are positively associated with hematoma absorption. The monocyte-macrophage scavenger receptor, CD163, plays an important role in the metabolism of hemoglobin, and a soluble form of CD163 is present in plasma and other tissue fluids; therefore, we speculated that serum CD163 affects hematoma absorption after intracerebral hemorrhage. Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage were divided into high- and low-level groups according to the average CD163 level (1,977.79 ± 832.91 ng/mL. Compared with the high-level group, the low-level group had a significantly slower hematoma absorption rate, and significantly increased National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores and modified Rankin Scale scores. These results suggest that CD163 promotes hematoma absorption and the recovery of neurological function in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.

  13. Hematoma epidural espinal espontâneo: registro de dois casos

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    Rodrigo O. M. F Ferreira


    Full Text Available São discutidos os aspectos clínicos relativos ao diagnóstico e tratamento dos hematomas epidurals espinais espontâneos. Os dados obtidos em dois casos são apresentados, sendo salientada a localização lombar destes hematomas, os distúrbios neurológicos agudos, geralmente de. irradiação radicular, acompanhados por déficit neurológico de caráter progressivo. A problemática desses hematomas epidurals espinais, principalmente a sua pequena frequência, a demonstração radiológica por mielografia contrastada e o seu tratamento cirúrgico por laminectomia, são ressaltados. O tratamento de escolha é o cirúrgico, laminectomia com dissecção e remoção do hematoma que possibilita a recuperação do paciente.

  14. Anticoagulation therapy a risk factor for the development of chronic subdural hematoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aspegren, Oskar P.; Åstrand, Ramona; Lundgren, Maria I.


    Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a common disease among the elderly and with increasing incidence we have chosen to focus on associations between development and recurrence of CSDH and anticoagulation and/or antiplatelet agent therapy.......Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) is a common disease among the elderly and with increasing incidence we have chosen to focus on associations between development and recurrence of CSDH and anticoagulation and/or antiplatelet agent therapy....

  15. Obturator Compartment Syndrome Secondary to Pelvic Hematoma After Robot-Assisted Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy


    Song, Jun H.; Joshua R. Kaplan; Abbott, Daniel; Gewirtz, Eric; Hauck, Ellen; Eun, Daniel D.


    Abstract Obturator nerve injury is a known injury after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) and patients often present with motor and sensory deficits in the immediate postoperative period. We describe a 65-year-old male who presented with motor deficits, indicative of obturator neurapraxia after RALP upon waking from anesthesia. Work-up revealed an expansile hematoma possibly compressing the obturator nerve. After evacuation of the hematoma, the patient had immediate imp...

  16. Chronic subdural hematoma associated with moyamoya phenomenon after radiotherapy for medulloblastoma; A case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuse, Takahisa; Takagi, Takuji; Fukushima, Tsuneyuki; Mizuno, Shiroh; Hashimoto, Nobukazu; Suzuki, Osamu (Nagoya City Higashi General Hospital (Japan))


    A 9-year-old boy had been diagnosed at the age of 9 months as having a cerebellar medulloblastoma and had received 40 Gy of radiation therapy to the brain after removal of the tumor. Cerebral angiography at the time of initial diagnosis did not show any evidence of occlusive disease involving the internal carotid circulation. At the age of 6 years, the patient developed generalized seizures. On examination, he was drowsy and had right hemiparesis. CT scan demonstrated a low-density area in the left frontal lobe. Cerebral angiography showed a marked narrowing of the bilateral internal carotid arteries with moyamoya vessels. The patient was treated medically with aspirin (100 mg/day) and anticonvulsants. His neurological deficits improved gradually. At the age of 8 years, there was no recurrence of the tumor although a slight left subdural hematoma was seen on CT scan. On August 10, 1993, at the age of 9 years, he was admitted for treatment of a developing subdural hematoma. MRI showed a chronic subdural hematoma with thick outer and inner membranes. Cerebral angiography showed occlusion of the left internal carotid artery which fed the right frontal lobe through moyamoya vessels, marked narrowing of the right internal carotid artery distal to the ophthalmic artery, moyamoya vessels at the base, and cortical revascularization througth the ophthalmic, posterior cerebral and middle meningeal arteries. Trepanation and aspiration of the hematoma were performed. The outer membrane of the hematoma was about 2 mm thick and the hematoma cavity was filled with a partially organized hematoma. In this case, we speculate that development of the chronic subdural hematoma involved the following factors: (1) transdural external-internal carotid anastomosis after radiation-induced cerebrovasculopathy; (2) repeated mild head trauma due to gait disturbance after removal of the cerebellar tumor; and (3) administration of acetylsalicylic acid. (author).

  17. Time Course of Early Postadmission Hematoma Expansion in Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, Christian; Christensen, Anders Fogh; Krieger, Derk W


    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Early hematoma expansion (EHE) in patients with intracerebral hematoma is a promising treatment target. To date, the time course of EHE has remained poorly described. We prospectively investigated the time course of EHE. METHODS: We included consecutive patients presenting...... occurred within the first 7 to 8 hours after symptom onset. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION URL: Unique identifier: NCT01472224....

  18. Hematomas intracerebral espontâneos estudo de 121 casos

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    Lineu Cesar Werneck


    Full Text Available Foram analisados retrospectivamente 121 pacientes com hematomas intracerebrais espontâneos (HIE: com média de idade de 53,4 ±14,8 anos, 62,8% do sexo masculino, tempo médio de sangramento na admissão de 36 horas (3 horas a 12 dias; 63,5% estavam acima de 7 na escala de Glasgow e 81,9% com grau igual ou maior que 3 na escala de Botterel. Os HIE eram: em gânglios da base em 45,5%, multilobares em 14,7%, lobares em 22,8%, no tronco cerebral em 4% e cerebelares em 2%. Seus diâmetros médios eram de 46,6 mm (16 a 33 e a área média de 1422,9 mm2 (60 a 4818. O LCR em 67 casos revelou pressão inicial média de 234 mmH20 (30 a 700 e concentrarão proteica média de 416,9 mg/dl (30 a 1960. O tratamento foi conservador em 107 casos e cirúrgico em 14. Sobreviveram 55,8% dos pacientes; a maioria dos que faleceram estava em grau acima de 3 na escala de Boterell e abaixo de 9 na de Glasgow. Houve correlação estatística entre a sobrevida e óbito com a escala de Glasgow e com a de Boterell, paralisia de músculos oculares, déficit motor, sinais de descerebração, broncopneumonia, diâmetro e área do hematoma; não houve relação estatística com uso de dexametasona, antifibrinolítico, anticonvulsivantes e diuréticos. O uso de manitol e a queda da pressão arterial nos primeiros dias tiveram relação com maior mortalidade Dos 14 casos submetidos a cirurgia, 11 faleceram. A principal complicação que levou a óbito foi broncopneumonia. São feitos comentários sobre a patogenia dos HIE, incidência atual, sinais clínicos» localização, tamanho, causas de óbito e tratamento empregado em relação ao prognóstico.

  19. Psychological barriers in long term non-operative treatment of retroperitoneal hematoma

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    Bogdan Socea


    Full Text Available The retroperitoneal hematoma can have, mainly, a traumatic etiology - blunt abdominal trauma (falls from height, road accidents, aggression of any kind, etc., or open (incised wounds, puncture, penetration or gunshot wounds. Ruptured arterial aneurysms can cause hemorrhage in the retroperitoneal space. There is also spontaneous retroperitoneal trauma in patients with chronic treatment with anticoagulant or antiaggregant drugs (1. Hemorrhage in the retroperitoneal space can be iatrogenic, after surgical, open or laparoscopic, interventions (2, 3. A particular type of retroperitoneal hematoma is the psoas muscle hematoma in patients with chronic oral anticoagulant treatment (Acenocumarol, Warfarin. The management of the retroperitoneal hematoma, whatever the cause may be, is, for most of the time, difficult. In case of traumatic etiology, the retroperitoneal hematoma is not the only lesion, being frequently associated with severe hollow or parenchymal organs injury or vascular lesions, which highlights the importance of a complete and precise clinical inventory of the lesions. The decision between an aggressive, surgical or interventional attitude and a conservative one, with monitoring, is often taken under pressure. Especially difficult are the cases in which the imaging results of the lesions is uncertain, when the patient presents hemodynamic instability, when other lesions can not be excluded, or when the parietal peritoneum is ruptured and the retroperitoneal hematoma gets into the peritoneal cavity, the patient presenting haemoperitoneum. For most of the time, these cases have indication for exploratory laparotomy, for a diagnostic, not therapeutic, goal.

  20. Chronic subdural hematoma pathophysiology: a unifying theory for a dynamic process. (United States)

    Cecchini, Giulio


    Chronic subdural hematoma pathophysiology has been extensively studied and discussed. In the last decades, optic and electron microscope observations have successfully described its histopathology and the ultrastructure of internal membranes. Moreover, recent biochemical studies have identified a number of important pathways involved in its development and evolution. Our aim was to review recent literature regarding histopathology, ultrastructure and biochemichal pathways and supply a unifying theory about chronic subdural hematoma pathophysiology. The starting point of chronic subdural hematoma is a mechanical injury. The evolution of the pathology is due to the exclusive anatomy of the dura-arachnoid interface. This is a mechanically weak layer. Fibroblasts contained in this region produce an inflammatory reaction with neoangiogenesis and fibrinolysis. Biochemical pathways involved in these reactions is complex and could contain a number of pharmacological targets. The hematoma evolves in different stages thus recent outlooks consider chronic subdural hematoma as a dynamic process. One of the key points for a good outcome and a low recurrence rate may be the timing of the surgical treatment in relation of hematoma natural history. Surgery performed during active inflammatory stages may be less effective in terms of clinical outcome and recurrence rate.

  1. Diphtheria Complications (United States)

    ... Search Form Controls Cancel Submit Search The CDC Diphtheria Note: Javascript is disabled or is not supported ... message, please visit this page: About . Diphtheria Home About Diphtheria Causes and Transmission Symptoms Complications ...

  2. Complicated Pancreatitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, O.J.


    Research questions addressed in this thesis: What is the accuracy of serum blood urea nitrogen as early predictor of complicated pancreatitis? ; What is difference in clinical outcome between patients with pancreatic parenchymal necrosis and patients with extrapancreatic necrosis without necrosis

  3. Complicated rhinosinusitis


    Hansen, F.S.


    Complicated rhinosinusitis: a title chosen for its multi-interpretable nature. In the Oxford dictionary ‘complicated’ is defined as ‘consisting of many interconnecting parts or elements’ and ‘involving many different and confusing aspects’ as well as ‘involving complications’ in medicine. It is the last definition that is applicable to chapter 2 which focuses on the medical complications of acute rhinosinusitis. Chapter 2.1 describes the incidence and management of orbital and intracranial co...

  4. Thromboembolic prophylaxis as a risk factor for postoperative complications after breast cancer surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friis, Esbern; Hørby, John; Sørensen, Lars Tue


    August 1996, a series of 425 patients consecutively operated on for primary breast cancer were included. Thromboembolic prophylaxis was low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) in 310 patients and thigh-long graded compression (TED) stockings in 102 patients. Postoperative complications including deep vein...... thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, wound hematoma, and sugillation were recorded, and 17 variables with a potential influence on complications were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Heparin prophylaxis compared to prophylaxis with TED stockings was significantly and independently associated...

  5. Pregnancy Outcomes in Pregnant Women with Subchorionic Hematoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria V. Barinova


    Full Text Available Background: The role of subchorionic hematoma (SCH in the first trimester of pregnancy remains open for discussion. Some authors claim that SCH does not affect the pregnancy; others have found that it is a serious risk factor for adverse pregnancy outcome. The objective of the present study was to explore the outcomes of pregnancy in patients with SCH diagnosed in the first trimester. Methods and Results: The study involved 194 pregnant women who were in terms of 6 to12 weeks: 115 women with SCH (Group 1 and 79 apparently healthy pregnant women (Group 2. A missed miscarriage was observed in 27/23% women of Group 1 and in 4/5% of Group 2 (P<0.05, recurrent threat of miscarriage in 27/23% and in 4/5%, recurrent bleeding in 14/12% and 2/3%, and the short cervix syndrome in 22/19% and 5/6% women, respectively. Conclusion: The results of our study show that the presence of SCH adversely affects the first half of pregnancy, leading to recurrent threatened abortion, recurrent threat of miscarriage, missed miscarriage until 12 weeks of gestation, and the short cervix syndrome.

  6. Nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma during pregnancy: diagnosis and management concerns. (United States)

    Henry, J B; Messerer, M; Thomas, V; Diabira, S; Morandi, X; Hamlat, A


    Nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) during pregnancy is rare. Therefore, appropriate management of this occurrence is not well defined. The aim of this study was to extensively review the literature on this subject, to propose some novel treatment guidelines. Electronic databases, manual reviews and conference proceedings up to December 2011 were systematically reviewed. Articles were deemed eligible for inclusion in this study if they dealt with nontraumatic SEH during pregnancy. Search protocols and data were independently assessed by two authors. In all, 23 case reports were found to be appropriate for review. The mean patient age was 28 years and gestational age was 33.2 weeks. Thirteen cases presented with acute interscapular pain. The clinical picture consisted of paraplegia, which occurred approximately 63 h after pain onset. Spinal cord decompression was performed within an average time of 20 h after neurological deficit onset. Fifteen patients had cesarean deliveries, even when the gestational age was less than 36 weeks. This review failed to identify articles, other than case reports, which could assist in the formation of new guidelines to treat SEH in pregnancy. However, we believe that SEH may be managed neurosurgically, without requiring prior, premature, cesarean section.

  7. Microwave Hematoma Detector for the Rapid Assessment of Head Injuries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hadded, W.; Chang, J.; Rosenbury, T.; Dallum, G.; Welsch, P.; Scott, D.; Duarte, D.; Acevedo-Bolton, V.


    A non-invasive microwave device for the detection of epi/subdural hemorrhaging (hematoma) is under current development. The final device will be highly portable and allow real time assessment of head injuries, thereby satisfying early detection needs of the field technician as well as providing a tool for repetitious monitoring of high-risk individuals. The device will adopt the advanced technology of micropower impulse radar (MIR) which is a state of the art low cost ultra wide band (UWB) microwave radar developed here at LLNL. It will consist of a MIR transmitting and receiving module, a computer based signal processing module, and a device-to-patient signal coupling module--the UWB antenna. The prototype design is being guided by the needs of the patient and the practitioner along with the prerequisites of the technology including issues such as the specificity of the device, efficacy of diagnosis, accuracy, robustness, and patient comfort. The prototype development follows a concurrent approach which .includes experiments designed to evaluate requirements of the radar and antenna design, phantom development to facilitate laboratory investigations, and investigation into the limits of adapting pre-existing non-medical MIR devices to medical applications. This report will present the accomplishments and project highlights to date in the fiscal year 1999. Future project projections will also be discussed.

  8. Spontaneous retroclival hematoma in pituitary apoplexy: case series. (United States)

    Azizyan, Avetis; Miller, Joseph M; Azzam, Ramzi I; Maya, Marcel M; Famini, Pouyan; Pressman, Barry D; Moser, Franklin G


    Pituitary apoplexy is a rare and potentially life-threatening disorder that is most commonly characterized by a combination of sudden headache, visual disturbance, and hypothalamic/hormonal dysfunction. In many cases, there is hemorrhagic infarction of an underlying pituitary adenoma. The resulting clinical symptoms are due to compression of the remaining pituitary, cavernous sinuses, or cranial nerves. However, there are only 2 case reports in the literature describing spontaneous retroclival expansion of hemorrhage secondary to pituitary apoplexy. Ten cases of this entity with a review of the literature are presented here. This is a single-institution retrospective review of 2598 patients with sellar and parasellar masses during the 10-year period between 1999 and 2009. The pituitary and brain MRI and MRI studies were reviewed by 2 neuroradiologists for evidence of apoplexy, with particular attention given to retroclival extension. Eighteen patients (13 men and 5 women; mean age 54 years) were identified with presenting symptoms of sudden onset of headache and ophthalmoplegia, and laboratory findings consistent with pituitary apoplexy. Ten of these patients (8 men and 2 women; mean age 55 years) had imaging findings consistent with retroclival hematoma. Retroclival hemorrhage was seen in the majority of cases of pituitary apoplexy (56%), suggesting that it is more common than previously thought.

  9. Radiological classification of retroperitoneal hematoma resulting from lumbar vertebral fracture. (United States)

    Nakao, Shota; Ishikawa, Kazuo; Ono, Hidefumi; Kusakabe, Kenji; Fujimura, Ichiro; Ueno, Masato; Idoguchi, Koji; Mizushima, Yasuaki; Matsuoka, Tetsuya


    Lumbar vertebral fracture (LVF) infrequently produces massive retroperitoneal hematoma (RPH). This study aimed to systematically review the clinical and radiographic characteristics of RPH resulting from LVF. For 193 consecutive patients having LVF who underwent computed tomography (CT), demographic data, physiological conditions, and outcomes were reviewed from their medical records. Presence or absence of RPH, other bone fractures, or organ/vessel injury was evaluated in their CT images, and LVF or RPH, if present, was classified according to either the Orthopaedic Trauma Association classification or the concept of interfascial planes. RPH resulting only or dominantly from LVF was found in 66 (34.2%) patients, whereas among the others, 64 (33.2%) had no RPH, 38 (19.7%) had RPH from other injuries, and 25 (13.0%) had RPH partly attributable to LVF. The 66 RPHs resulting only or dominantly from LVF were radiologically classified into mild subtype of minor median (n = 35), moderate subtype of lateral (n = 11), and severe subtypes of central pushing-up (n = 13) and combined (n = 7). Of the 20 patients with severe subtypes, 18 (90.0%) were in hemorrhagic shock on admission, and 6 (30.0%) were clinically diagnosed as dying due to uncontrollable RPH resulting from vertebral body fractures despite no anticoagulant medication. LVF can directly produce massive RPH leading to hemorrhagic death. A major survey of such pathology should be conducted to establish appropriate diagnosis and treatment.

  10. Early and long-term clinical and radiological follow-up results of expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent-grafts for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt procedures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maleux, Geert; Heye, Sam; Thijs, Maria; Wilms, Guy [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Radiology, Leuven (Belgium); Nevens, Frederik; Verslype, Chris [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Hepatology, Leuven (Belgium); Wilmer, Alexander [University Hospitals Gasthuisberg, Department of Medical Intensive Care Unit, Leuven (Belgium)


    The purpose of this study was to assess the therapeutic efficacy and immediate and long-term safety of expanded-tetrafluoroethylene covered stent-grafts for transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts in patients with portal hypertension-related complications. A cohort of 56 patients suffering from severe portal hypertension-related complications underwent implantation of an expanded-polytetrafluoroethylene-covered stent-graft. All patients suffered from severe liver cirrhosis graded Child-Pugh A (n=8; 16%), B (n=13; 21%) or C (n=35; 63%). In 44 patients, the stent-graft was placed during the initial TIPS procedure (de novo TIPS); in the other 12 patients, the stent-graft was placed to repermeabilize the previously placed bare stent (TIPS revision). Follow-up was performed with clinical assessment, duplex ultrasound and, if abnormal or inconclusive, with invasive venography and pressure measurements. Per- en immediate post-procedural complications occurred in four patients (4/56, 7%). None of them was lethal. During follow-up, stent occlusion appeared in one patient and stenosis in two; no recurrence of bleeding was noted in all patients treated for variceal bleeding (n=28), and 24 of the 28 patients (86%) suffering from refractory ascites and/or hepatic hydrothorax were free of regular paracenteses and/or drainage of pleural effusion after shunt creation. The 30-day and global mortality for the total study population (n=56) was, respectively, 7% (n=4) and 28.5% (n=16). In the patient subgroup with variceal bleeding (n=28), 30-day mortality was 3.5% (n=1) and global mortality 14.2% (n=4). In the ascites and/or hydrothorax subgroup (n=28), 8.1% (n=3) mortality at 30 days was found and global mortality was 32.4% (n=12). In 10 patients of the 56 studied patients (18%), isolated hepatic encephalopathy occurred, which was lethal in 4 (Child C) patients (7%). Three of these four patients died within the 1st month after TIPS placement. A very high primary patency rate

  11. Ophthalmic complications of endoscopic sinus surgery

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    Malgorzata Seredyka-Burduk

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction: The proximity of the paranasal sinuses to the orbit and its contents allows the occurence of injuries in both primary or revision surgery. The majority of orbital complications are minor. The major complications are seen in 0.01-2.25% and some of them can be serious, leading to permanent dysfunction. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the risk and type of ophthalmic complications among patients operated due to a chronic rhinosinusitis. Methods: This is a retrospective study of 1658 patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery for chronic rhinosinusitis with or without polyps or mucocele. Surgeries were performed under general anesthesia in all cases and consisted of polyps' removal, followed by middle metal antrostomy, partial or complete ethmoidectomy, frontal recess surgery and sphenoid surgery if necessary. The ophthalmic complications were classified according to type, frequency and clinical findings. Results: In our material 32.68% of the patients required revision surgery and only 10.1% had been previously operated in our Department. Overall complications occurred in 11 patients (0.66%. Minor complications were observed in 5 patients (0.3% with the most frequent being periorbital ecchymosis with or without emphysema. Major complications were observed in one patient (0.06% and were related to a lacrimal duct injury. Severe complications occurred in 5 cases (0.3%, with 2 cases and referred to a retroorbital hematoma, optic nerve injury (2 cases and one case of extraocular muscle injury. Conclusions: Orbital complications of endoscopic nasal surgery are rare. The incidence of serious complications, causing permanent disabilities is less than 0.3%. The most important parameters responsible for complications are extension of the disease, previous endoscopic surgery and coexisting anticoagulant treatment.

  12. Intramural hematoma detection by susceptibility-weighted imaging in intracranial vertebral artery dissection. (United States)

    Kim, Tae-Won; Choi, Hyun Seok; Koo, Jaseong; Jung, So Lyung; Ahn, Kook-Jin; Kim, Bum-Soo; Shin, Yong Sam; Lee, Kwang Soo


    The radiologic diagnosis of vertebral artery dissection (VAD) depends on characteristic intraluminal findings on angiography and intramural hematoma or a double-lumen sign on high-resolution vessel wall imaging. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of intramural hematoma sign on susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) in VAD. We retrospectively analyzed SWI, phase map images and brain computed tomography (CT) of the consecutive patients who suffered an ischemic stroke in the vertebral artery territory from August 2010 to July 2012. We divided the patients into 2 groups: the VAD group and the nondissection group. VAD was diagnosed by conventional catheter angiographic findings (aneurysmal dilatation, pearl-and-string or tapered steno-occlusion) and pathognomonic findings such as intramural hematoma or a double-lumen sign on the source images of TOF-MRA, high-resolution T1-weighted MRI or high-resolution T2-weighted MRI. Intramural hematoma sign was considered positive if the patient had an eccentric or concentric hypointense signal lesion in the vertebral artery on SWI, a corresponding hyperintense signal on phase map and no evidence of calcification on the brain CT, suggesting blood products other than calcification. Two experienced neuroradiologists blinded to clinical information and angiographic findings were asked to judge for the presence of intramural hematoma sign on SWI. The accuracy of intramural hematoma sign on SWI was evaluated. Phase value, demographic and clinical data were compared between the VAD and the nondissection groups. Thirty-nine patients were included: 10 in the VAD group and 29 in the non-dissection group. Among the VAD group cases, intramural hematoma sign on SWI was positive in 9 of the 10 VAD cases and in 1 out of the 29 cases in the nondissection group. The intramural hematoma sign on SWI was significantly associated with VAD (p radian vs. -0.42 radian, p < 0.001). The intramural hematoma sign on SWI was significantly associated with VAD

  13. One step minilaparotomy-assisted transmesenteric portal vein recanalization combined with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement: A novel surgical proposal in pediatrics. (United States)

    Pelizzo, Gloria; Quaretti, Pietro; Moramarco, Lorenzo Paolo; Corti, Riccardo; Maestri, Marcello; Iacob, Giulio; Calcaterra, Valeria


    Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) placement is a standard procedure for the treatment of portal hypertension complications. When this conventional approach is not feasible, alternative procedures for systemic diversion of portal blood have been proposed. A one-step interventional approach, combining minilaparotomy-assisted transmesenteric (MAT) antegrade portal recanalization and TIPS, is described in an adolescent with recurrent esophageal varice bleeding and portal cavernoma (PC). A 16-year-old girl was admitted to our Unit because of repeated bleeding episodes over a short period of time due to esophageal varices in the context of a PC. A portal vein recanalization through an ileocolic vein isolation with the MAT approach followed by TIPS during the same session was performed. In the case of failed portal recanalization, this approach, would also be useful for varice endovascular embolization. Postoperative recovery was uneventful. Treatment consisting of propanolol, enoxaparin and a proton pump inhibitor was prescribed after the procedure. One month post-op, contrast enhanced computed tomography confirmed the patency of the portal and intrahepatic stent grafts. No residual peritoneal fluid was detected nor opacification of the large varices. Endoscopy showed good improvement of the varices. Doppler ultrasound confirmed the accelerated flow in the portal stent and hepatopetal flow inside the intrahepatic portal branches. Three months post-op, TIPS maintained its hourglass shape despite a slight expansion. Portal hypertension and life threatening conditions related to PC would benefit from one-step portal recanalization. MAT-TIPS is feasible and safe for the treatment of PC even in children. This minimally invasive procedure avoids or delays surgical treatment or re-transplantation when necessary in pediatric patients.

  14. Comparison of Technical and Clinical Outcome of Transjugular Portosystemic Shunt Placement Between a Bare Metal Stent and a PTFE-Stentgraft Device

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lauermann, J., E-mail: [Hannover Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Potthoff, A. [Hannover Medical School, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology (Germany); Mc Cavert, M. [Beaumont Hospital, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Ireland); Marquardt, S. [Hannover Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Vaske, B. [Hannover Medical School, Institute of Biometry (Germany); Rosenthal, H. [Hannover Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany); Hahn, T. von [Hannover Medical School, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Endocrinology (Germany); Wacker, F.; Meyer, B. C.; Rodt, Thomas, E-mail: [Hannover Medical School, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology (Germany)


    PurposeTo analyse technical and clinical success of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in patients with portal hypertension and compare a stent and a stentgraft with regard to clinical and technical outcome and associated costs.Materials and Methods170 patients (56 ± 12 years, 32.9 % females) treated with TIPS due to portal hypertension were reviewed. 80 patients received a stent (group 1) and 83 a stentgraft (group 2), and seven interventions were unsuccessful. Technical data, periprocedural imaging, follow-up ultrasound and clinical data were analysed with focus on technical success, patency, clinical outcome and group differences. Cost analysis was performed.ResultsPortal hypertension was mainly caused by ethyltoxic liver cirrhosis with ascites as dominant symptom (80 %). Technical success was 93.5 % with mean portosystemic gradient decrease from 16.1 ± 4.8 to 5.1 ± 2.1 mmHg. No significant differences in technical success and portosystemic gradient decrease between the groups were observed. Kaplan–Meier analysis yielded significant differences in primary patency after 14 days, 6 months and 2 years in favour of the stentgraft. Both groups showed good clinical results without significant difference in 1-year survival and hepatic encephalopathy rate. Costs to establish TIPS and to manage 2-year follow-up with constant patency and clinical success were 8876 € (group 1) and 9394 € (group 2).ConclusionTIPS is a safe and effective procedure to manage portal hypertension. Stent and stentgraft enabled good technical and clinical results with a low complication rate. Primary patency rates are clearly in favour of the stentgraft, whereas the stent was more cost effective with similar clinical results in both groups.

  15. Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Flow Reduction with Adjustable Polytetrafluoroethylene-Covered Balloon-Expandable Stents Using the “Sheath Control” Technique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Blue, Robert C., E-mail:; Lo, Grace C.; Kim, Edward; Patel, Rahul S.; Scott Nowakowski, F.; Lookstein, Robert A.; Fischman, Aaron M. [Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, Interventional Radiology Section, Department of Radiology (United States)


    PurposeA complication of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) placement is refractory portosystemic encephalopathy (PSE) often requiring TIPS reduction. We report the results of a “sheath control technique” utilizing constraining sheaths during deployment of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-covered balloon-expandable stents, minimizing stent migration, and providing additional procedural control.MethodsTIPS reduction was performed in 10 consecutive patients for PSE using Atrium iCast covered stents (Atrium Maquet Getinge Group, Germany). Within the indwelling TIPS stent, a 9 mm × 59 mm iCast stent was deployed with 2 cm exposed from the sheath’s distal end and the majority of the stent within the sheath to create the distal hourglass shape. During balloon retraction, the stent was buttressed by the sheath. The proximal portion of the stent was angioplastied to complete the hourglass configuration, and the central portion of the stent was dilated to 5 mm. Demographics, pre- and post-procedure laboratory values, and outcomes were recorded.ResultsTen patients underwent TIPS reduction with 100 % technical success. There was no stent migration during stent deployment. All patients experienced initial improvement of encephalopathy. One patient ultimately required complete TIPS occlusion for refractory PSE, and another developed TIPS occlusion 36 days post-procedure. There was no significant trend toward change in patients’ MELD scores immediately post-procedure or at 30 days (p = 0.46, p = 0.47, respectively).ConclusionTIPS reduction using Atrium iCast PTFE balloon-expandable stents using the “sheath control technique” is safe and effective, and minimizes the risk of stent migration.

  16. Syringomyelia following surgery for a spontaneous spinal subdural hematoma in a 13-year-old girl with congenital von Willebrand disease: case report and literature review. (United States)

    Ben Nsir, A; Boubaker, A; Jemel, H


    Spontaneous spinal subdural hematomas are rare. Their occurrence in a child with congenital von Willebrand disease and the complication of their surgery by a large secondary syringomyelia have never been previously reported. A 13-year-old girl with congenital von Willebrand disease presented to our emergency department in January 2011 for sudden onset of severe back pain centered in her thoracic spine rapidly aggravated by signs of acute myelopathy without any precipitating factor. MRI scan revealed a thoracic subdural collection anterior to the spinal cord at the T7-T9 level, hyperintense on T1- and T2-weighted sequences consistent with an acute spinal subdural hemorrhage. Evacuation of the subdural hematoma was realized immediately after hemostasis parameter correction, and post-operative course was uneventful with full functional recovery. One year later, the patient presented once again but with progressive and more severe myelopathy caused by a large syringomyelia extending from the T5 level to the conus medullaris. A syringopleural shunting was performed and the patient was unrolled under an intensive care and rehabilitation program. Her condition remarkably improved and she became able to walk independently within 2 weeks post-operatively. von Willebrand disease should be included as a possible factor of spontaneous spinal subdural hemorrhage. Surgery is advised in emergency and can be associated with remarkable recovery especially in children. Delayed syringomyelia can complicate the post-operative course and can be successfully addressed by syringopleural shunting. Long-term clinical and radiological follow-up is advocated.

  17. Hemophilia and child abuse as possible causes of epidural hematoma: case report Hemofilia e abuso infantil como possíveis causas de hematoma extradural: relato de caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Campos Gomes Pinto


    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Head trauma is an important consequence of child abuse. Specific pathophysiological mechanisms in child abuse are responsible for the ''whiplash shaken-baby syndrome'', which would favour the occurrence of intracranial hemorrhages. CASE REPORT: We report the case of a child who developed epidural hematoma following minor-intensity head trauma. Initial diagnosis of child abuse was made, but subsequent investigation led to the diagnosis of hemophilia A. CONCLUSION: Even though epidural hematoma is not closely associated with child abuse, this aethiology must always be considered when the reported trauma mechanism is out of proportion to the magnitude of the encountered lesions.INTRODUÇÃO: Traumatismo crânio-encefálico é importante conseqüência de abuso infantil. Mecanismos fisiopatológicos específicos do abuso infantil são responsáveis pela ''whiplash shaken-baby syndrome'', o que favoreceria o aparecimento de hemorragias intracranianas. RELATO DE CASO: Relatamos o caso de uma criança que desenvolveu hematoma extradural após trauma de pequena intensidade. Foi feito diagnóstico inicial de abuso infantil, mas investigações subseqüentes levaram ao diagnóstico de hemofilia A. CONCLUSÃO: Embora o hematoma extradural não esteja intimamente relacionado com abuso infantil, esta etiologia deve ser sempre considerada quando o mecanismo de trauma relatado estiver fora de proporção com as lesões encontradas.

  18. Immediate postoperative complications in transsphenoidal pituitary surgery: A prospective study

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    Tumul Chowdhury


    Full Text Available Background: Considering the important role of pituitary gland in regulating various endocrine axes and its unique anatomical location, various postoperative complications can be anticipated resulting from surgery on pituitary tumors. We examined and categorized the immediate postoperative complications according to various tumor pathologies. Materials and Methods: We carried out a prospective study in 152 consecutive patients and noted various postoperative complications during neurosurgical intensive care unit stay (within 48 hrs of hospital stay in patients undergoing transsphenoidal removal of pituitary tumors. Results: In our series, various groups showed different postoperative complications out of which, cerebrospinal fluid leak was the commonest followed by diabetes insipidus, postoperative nausea and vomiting, and hematoma at operation site. Conclusion: Various immediate postoperative complications can be anticipated in transsphenoidal pituitary surgery even though, it is considered to be relatively safe.

  19. Prenatal diagnosis of a placental infarction hematoma associated with fetal growth restriction, preeclampsia and fetal death: clinicopathological correlation. (United States)

    Aurioles-Garibay, Alma; Hernandez-Andrade, Edgar; Romero, Roberto; Qureshi, Faisal; Ahn, Hyunyoung; Jacques, Suzanne M; Garcia, Maynor; Yeo, Lami; Hassan, Sonia S


    The lesion termed 'placental infarction hematoma' is associated with fetal death and adverse perinatal outcome. Such a lesion has been associated with a high risk of fetal death and abruption placentae. The fetal and placental hemodynamic changes associated with placental infarction hematoma have not been reported. This paper describes a case of early and severe growth restriction with preeclampsia, and progressive deterioration of the fetal and placental Doppler parameters in the presence of a placental infarction hematoma.

  20. Central venous line complications and tip detection

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    Ameneh Rezaee Gheshlaghi


    Full Text Available Central venous line is one of a creative instrument that saves human’s life in critical medical situation. Central venous line access is frequently involved in the disease management. It is used for rapid fluid therapy, transvenous pacemakers, infusion of some medications, hemodialysis or plasmapheresis and etc. Most of the emergency departments have some staffs that are trained for central venous line insertion but related complications occur during central venous line placement.Central venous line might have some complications and complication follow-up should be considered. Thromboembolism and infection are two important medical complications. Arterial puncture, hematoma, pneumothorax and hemothorax are mechanical Central venous line complications. Chest X-ray and some other techniques should be used for detecting these complications.Central venous line tip misplace is a considerable problem for emergency department staffs, previously chest X-ray has been used for central venous line misplace detection. In some recent studies, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography and intravascular electrocardiography have been used for central venous line misplace.

  1. Non-contact hematoma damage and healing assessment using reflectance photoplethysmographic imaging (United States)

    Amelard, Robert; Pfisterer, Kaylen J.; Clausi, David A.; Wong, Alexander


    Impact trauma may cause a hematoma, which is the leakage of venous blood into surrounding tissues. Large hematomas can be dangerous as they may inhibit local blood ow. Hematomas are often diagnosed visually, which may be problematic if the hematoma leaks deeper than the visible penetration depth. Furthermore, vascular wound healing is often monitored at home without the aid of a clinician. We therefore investigated the use of near infrared (NIR) re ectance photoplethysmographic imaging (PPGI) to assess vascular damage resulting from a hematoma, and monitor the healing process. In this case study, the participant experienced internal vascular damage in the form of a hematoma. Using a PPGI system with dual-mode temporally coded illumination for ambient-agnostic data acquisition and mounted optical elements, the tissue was illuminated with a spatially uniform irradiance pattern of 850 nm wavelength light for increased tissue penetration and high oxy-to-deoxyhemoglobin absorption ratio. Initial and follow-up PPGI data collection was performed to assess vascular damage and healing. The tissue PPGI sequences were spectrally analyzed, producing spectral maps of the tissue area. Experimental results show that spatial differences in spectral information can be observed around the damaged area. In particular, the damaged site exhibited lower pulsatility than the surrounding healthy tissue. This pulsatility was largely restored in the follow-up data, suggesting that the tissue had undergone vascular healing. These results indicate that hematomas can be assessed and monitored in a non-contact visual manner, and suggests that PPGI can be used for tissue health assessment, with potential extensions to peripheral vascular disease.

  2. Significance of satellite sign and spot sign in predicting hematoma expansion in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage. (United States)

    Yu, Zhiyuan; Zheng, Jun; Ali, Hasan; Guo, Rui; Li, Mou; Wang, Xiaoze; Ma, Lu; Li, Hao; You, Chao


    Hematoma expansion is related to poor outcome in spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Recently, a non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) based finding, termed the 'satellite sign', was reported to be a novel predictor for poor outcome in spontaneous ICH. However, it is still unclear whether the presence of the satellite sign is related to hematoma expansion. Initial computed tomography angiography (CTA) was conducted within 6h after ictus. Satellite sign on non-enhanced CT and spot sign on CTA were detected by two independent reviewers. The sensitivity and specificity of both satellite sign and spot sign were calculated. Receiver-operator analysis was conducted to evaluate their predictive accuracy for hematoma expansion. This study included 153 patients. Satellite sign was detected in 58 (37.91%) patients and spot sign was detected in 38 (24.84%) patients. Among 37 patients with hematoma expansion, 22 (59.46%) had satellite sign and 23 (62.16%) had spot sign. The sensitivity and specificity of satellite sign for prediction of hematoma expansion were 59.46% and 68.97%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of spot sign were 62.16% and 87.07%, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) of satellite sign was 0.642 and the AUC of spot sign was 0.746. (P=0.157) CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that the satellite sign is an independent predictor for hematoma expansion in spontaneous ICH. Although spot sign has the higher predictive accuracy, satellite sign is still an acceptable predictor for hematoma expansion when CTA is unavailable. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Effect of residue hematoma volume on inflammation factors in hypertensive intracranial hemorrhage

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    You-san ZHANG


    Full Text Available Objectives  In this study, the relationships of residue hematoma volume to brain edema and inflammation factors were studied after intracerebral hematoma was evacuated with a frameless stereotactic aspiration. Methods  Eighty-nine patients with hypertensive intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH were treated by frameless stereotactic aspiration. According to residual volume of the hematoma, the patients were divided into gross-total removal of hematoma (GTRH (≤5ml and sub-total removal of hematoma (STRH (≥10ml groups after the operation. The pre-operative and postoperative data of the patients were compared between the two groups. The pre-operative data included age, sex, hematoma volume, time interval from the ictus to the operation, and Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS scores. The post-operative information included edema grade, level of thromboxane B2 (TXB2, 6-keto-prostaglandin F1α(6-K-PGF1α, tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α and endothelin (ET in hematoma cavity or cerebral spinal fluid (CSF. Results  There were 46 patients in GTRH group and 43 in STRH group respectively. There was no statistical difference in the pre-operative data between the two groups. The levels of TXB2, 6-K-PGF1α, TNF-αand ET were significantly lower in the GTRH group than in the STRH group at different post-operative time points. There was a significant difference between the two groups. The post-operative CT scan at different time points showed that the brain edema grades were better in the GTRH group than in the STRH group. Conclusions  GTRH is helpful for decreasing ICH-induced injury to brain tissue, which is related to decreased perihematomal edema formation and secondary injury by coagulation end products activated inflammatory cascade. DOI: 10.11855/j.issn.0577-7402.2016.09.12

  4. Diagnostic evaluation and treatment of patients with rectus abdominis hematoma. (United States)

    Isik, Arda; Peker, Kemal; Soyturk, Mehmet; Firat, Deniz; Yoruker, Uygar; Yilmaz, Ismayil


    To identify clinical characteristics, treatment modalities, and course of spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (SRSH). In the literature, there is no prospective clinical trial that is intended for treatment in clinical research. Seventeen SRSH patients diagnosed and treated between March 2012 and March 2014 at the general Surgery Department of Erzincan University Training and Research Hospital were included. Age, sex, weight, height, predisposing factors, comorbid diseases, Charlson index, current medical treatment, physical examination signs, imaging methods, lowest hemoglobin value, blood type, SRSH type, INR/Factor V Leiden mutation/Factor VII/Factor VIII/Factor X/Protein S/Protein C values, treatment method, transfusions hospitalization duration, and outcome were studied. Thirteen patients were female. The mean age was 63.3 ± 18.7 years (range, 22-87 years), and the mean BMI was 27.8 ± 3.5 (range, 20.9-33.7). Six patients had Grade I SRSH, 5 had Grade II SRSH, and 6 had Grade III SRSH. Thirteen were hospitalized for a mean duration of 9.3 ± 8.1 days (range, 1-30 days). The death rate attributable to SRSH was 5.8%. Early diagnosis of SRSH by ultrasonography and/or computerized tomography is important for a low mortality rate. Even though medical treatments are important, arterial embolization by interventional radiology, or more radical interventions such as surgery, may be required. Copyright © 2014 AEC. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  5. Complicated Grief (United States)

    ... that may increase the risk of developing complicated grief include: An unexpected or violent death, such as death from a car accident, or the murder or suicide of a loved one Death of a child Close or dependent relationship to the deceased person Social isolation or loss ...

  6. Complicated rhinosinusitis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hansen, F.S.


    Complicated rhinosinusitis: a title chosen for its multi-interpretable nature. In the Oxford dictionary ‘complicated’ is defined as ‘consisting of many interconnecting parts or elements’ and ‘involving many different and confusing aspects’ as well as ‘involving complications’ in medicine. It is the

  7. Open bite as a complication of total temporomandibular joint replacement: a case report. (United States)

    Machon, Vladimir; Hirjak, Dusan; Foltan, Rene


    Temporomandibular joint total joint replacement, like any surgery, can be associated with either intraoperative or postoperative complications. Intraoperative complications may include injuries to local anatomical structures (e.g., blood vessels, nerves, middle ear, and external auditory canal), or poor positioning and/or adaptation of the prosthesis components to the host bone. Postoperative complications may include infection, hematoma, heterotopic bone formation, implant failure, pain, salivary fistula, foreign body or allergic reactions, and malocclusion. This article reports the occurrence of a postoperative open-bite malocclusion complication, the result of maxillary artery hemorrhage. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Atrial fibrillation as an unexpected complication after peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM): a case report. (United States)

    Saleem, Abdulaziz M; Hennessey, Hooman; von Renteln, Daniel; Vassiliou, Melina C


    Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is an entirely endoscopic approach for the treatment of achalasia. This new procedure has been shown to be safe, effective, and associated with only minor complications in the postoperative period. This case report describes the development of atrial fibrillation after POEM secondary to direct compression from a hematoma in the submucosal tunnel. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a delayed hematoma after POEM. This procedure is still novel, and it is important to continue to share information about potential complications and long-term results. This report also includes several interesting radiographic images to illustrate what occurred. Finally, we provide a brief review of the literature on complications that have been described after POEM.

  9. Progressive tension sutures: a technique to reduce local complications in abdominoplasty. (United States)

    Pollock, H; Pollock, T


    Abdominoplasty has evolved as a very effective and satisfactory procedure, especially when combined with liposuction and the repair of diastasis recti. However, local complications, including hematoma and seroma formation, flap necrosis, and hypertrophic scars, continue to plague this procedure. The authors present a relatively simple and reproducible technique that allows extensive liposuction in conjunction with abdominoplasty; they think this technique reduces the incidence of local complications. This technique, the use of progressive tension sutures, has been used in their practice for more than 15 years. A retrospective review of 65 consecutive abdominoplasty patients demonstrates a very low local complication rate when compared with historical controls. In this series of both full and modified abdominoplasty patients who were followed for an average of 18 months, the authors had no hematomas, seromas, or skin flap necrosis.

  10. Hematoma volume measurement in gradient echo MRI using quantitative susceptibility mapping. (United States)

    Wang, Shuo; Lou, Min; Liu, Tian; Cui, Deqi; Chen, Xiaomei; Wang, Yi


    A novel quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM) processing technology has been developed to map tissue susceptibility property without blooming artifacts. We hypothesize that hematoma volume measurement on QSM is independent of imaging parameters, eliminating its echo time dependence on gradient echo MRI. Gradient echo MRI of 16 patients with intracerebral hemorrhage was processed with susceptibility-weighted imaging, R2* (=1/T2*) mapping, and QSM at various echo times. Hematoma volumes were measured from these images. Linear regression of hematoma volume versus echo time showed substantial slopes for gradient echo magnitude (0.45±0.31 L/s), susceptibility-weighted imaging (0.52±0.46), and R2* (0.39±0.30) but nearly zero slope for QSM (0.01±0.05). At echo time=20 ms, hematoma volume on QSM was 0.80× that on gradient echo magnitude image (R2=0.99). QSM can provide reliable measurement of hematoma volume, which can be performed rapidly and accurately using a semiautomated segmentation tool.

  11. Impact of Helmet Use on Severity of Epidural Hematomas in Cambodia. (United States)

    Gupta, Saksham; Iv, Vycheth; Sam, Nang; Vuthy, Din; Klaric, Katherine; Shrime, Mark G; Park, Kee B


    Traumatic brain injury is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, often necessitating neurosurgical intervention to evacuate intracranial bleeding. Since the early 2000s, Cambodia has been undergoing a rapid increase in motorcycle transit and in road traffic accidents, but the prevalence of helmet usage remains low. Epidural hematomas are severe traumatic brain injuries that can necessitate neurosurgical intervention. This is a retrospective cohort study of patients with epidural hematoma secondary to motorcycle accidents who presented to a major national tertiary care center in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, between November 2013 and March 2016. All patients were diagnosed with computed tomography of the head. In this cohort, 21.6% of patients in motorcycle accidents presented with epidural hematoma and 89.1% of patients were men, 47.6% were intoxicated, and were 87.8% were not wearing helmets at the moment of impact. Not wearing a helmet was associated with a 6.90-fold increase in odds of presenting with a moderate-to-severe Glasgow coma scale score and a 3.76-fold increase in odds of requiring craniotomy or craniectomy for evacuation of hematoma. Male sex was also associated with increased odds of higher clinical severity at presentation and indication for craniotomy or craniectomy, and alcohol intoxication at the time of accident was not associated with either. Helmet usage is protective in reducing the severity of presentation and need for neurosurgical intervention for patients with epidural hematoma secondary to motorcycle accidents. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. The CT Swirl Sign Is Associated with Hematoma Expansion in Intracerebral Hemorrhage. (United States)

    Ng, D; Churilov, L; Mitchell, P; Dowling, R; Yan, B


    Hematoma expansion is an independent determinant of poor clinical outcome in intracerebral hemorrhage. Although the "spot sign" predicts hematoma expansion, the identification requires CT angiography, which limits its general accessibility in some hospital settings. Noncontrast CT, without the need for CT angiography, may identify sites of active extravasation, termed the "swirl sign." We aimed to determine the association of the swirl sign with hematoma expansion. Patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage between 2007 and 2014 who underwent an initial and subsequent noncontrast CT at a single center were retrospectively identified. The swirl sign, on noncontrast CT, was defined as iso- or hypodensity within a hyperdense region that extended across 2 contiguous 5-mm axial CT sections. A total of 212 patients met the inclusion criteria. The swirl sign was identified in 91 patients with excellent interobserver agreement (κ = 0.87). The swirl sign was associated with larger initial hematoma (P sign compared with those without. The NCCT swirl sign was reliably identified and is associated with hematoma expansion. We propose that the swirl sign be included in risk stratification of intracerebral hemorrhage and considered for inclusion in clinical trials. © 2018 by American Journal of Neuroradiology.

  13. Delayed angiography in the investigation of intracerebral hematomas caused by small arteriovenous malformations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Willinsky, R.A. (Dept. of Radiology, Toronto Hospital, Western Div., Toronto, ON (Canada) Univ. of Toronto, Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group, ON (Canada)); Fitzgerald, M. (Dept. of Radiology, Toronto Hospital, Western Div., Toronto, ON (Canada)); TerBrugge, K. (Dept. of Radiology, Toronto Hospital, Western Div., Toronto, ON (Canada) Univ. of Toronto, Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group, ON (Canada)); Montanera, W. (Dept. of Radiology, Toronto Hospital, Western Div., Toronto, ON (Canada)); Wallace, M. (Div. of Neurosurgery, Dept. of Surgery, Toronto Hospital, Western Div., ON (Canada) Univ. of Toronto, Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group, ON (Canada))


    We reviewed the clinical and radiological features of ten patients with small arteriovenous malformations that caused intracerebral hematomas. In six patients, angiography showed a small nidus (less than 1 cm in diameter) with a shunt at the site of the hematoma, and in four only an early-filling vein was evident. Six patients had only delayed angiography (4 weeks or more after the ictus). In three, angiography within 2 days of the ictus failed to reveal the cause of the bleed, but repeat angiography showed an early-filling vein in two, and a nidus with shunting in one. In only one patient did early angiography reveal the malformation. MRI was obtained in eight patients, and in two prominent vessels were evident in the wall of the hematoma cavity. In investigation of an unexplained intracerebral hematoma, MRI may be useful to exclude a neoplasm or cavernoma, although the latter may be not be evident in the presence of a recent hematoma. We suggest early MRI and angiography for investigation of an unexplained, nonhypertensive intracerebral bleed, with follow-up MRI and dealyed angiography if the initial studies fail to reveal the cause. (orig.)

  14. Chronic intradiploic hematomas of the skull without coagulopathy: Report of two cases. (United States)

    Tokmak, Mehmet; Ozek, Erdinc; Iplikçioğlu, Celal


    Chronic intradiploic hematoma was first described by Chorbski and Davis in 1934. To date, only twelve cases have been reported in the literature. Chronic intradiploic hematomas have also been described as non-neoplastic cysts of the diploe, traumatic cysts, and giant cell repetitive granulomas. The term chronic intradiploic hematoma was coined by Sato et al. in 1994. Case 1: a 16-year-old male presented with a non-tender scalp swelling on the right fronto-orbital region. Computed tomography (CT) scans showed an intraosseous isodense lesion with surrounding sclerosis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) results revealed an intradiploic mass with homogeneous cystic and abnormal signal intensities. Case 2: a 64-year-old male presented with a 6-month history of headaches and visual disturbances. CT scans showed an isodense lesion with surrounding sclerosis in the posterolateral left orbit. MRI results revealed a hypointense lesion on both the T1weighted and T2-weighted images of the posterolateral left orbit. Although rarely seen, the presence of a benign chronic hematoma should be considered as part of the differential diagnosis for each intradiploic mass lesion. When taking the medical history, all patients with such mass lesions should be asked about previous minor or major head traumas. Due to the possibility of progressive growth, surgical excision of an intradiploic hematoma is recommended after radiological diagnosis of the condition. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Neurocirugía. Published by Elsevier España. All rights reserved.

  15. Prognostic factors of motor recovery after stereotactic evacuation of intracerebral hematoma. (United States)

    Enatsu, Rei; Asahi, Minoru; Matsumoto, Masato; Hirai, Osamu


    Spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage represents 20 to 30% of all stroke patients in Japan. However, the treatment strategy of intracerebral hematoma remains controversial. Stereotactic hematoma evacuation is minimally invasive surgery and is beneficial for clot removal with limited tissue damage. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors affecting motor recovery after stereotactic hematoma evacuation. This retrospective analysis included 30 patients with spontaneous thalamic or putaminal hemorrhage who underwent stereotactic hematoma evacuation. We compared age, presurgical muscle strength, hematoma volume and removal rate between the patients who showed improvement of motor function (improved group) and the patients associated with no motor improvement (unchanged group). Twenty-one patients were classified into the improved group and nine patients into the unchanged group. Statistical analysis revealed that age in the improved group was significantly younger than in the unchanged group (p post-surgical rehabilitation. In addition, this procedure could provide functional improvement in severely disabled patients. Proper patient selection to receive this therapy would be beneficial for further advances of this technique. The present result might be useful in elucidating the mechanism of motor recovery and proper patient selection for this technique.

  16. Hematoma in the cervical ligamentum flavum. Report of a case and review of the literature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tamura, Tatsuya; Sakai, Toshinori; Sairyo, Koichi; Katoh, Shinsuke; Yasui, Natsuo [The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Department of Orthopedics, Institute of Health Biosciences, Tokushima (Japan); Takao, Shoichiro [The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Department of Radiology, Institute of Health Biosciences, Tokushima (Japan); Kagawa, Seiko [The University of Tokushima Graduate School, Department of Human Pathology, Institute of Health Biosciences, Tokushima (Japan)


    Hematoma of the cervical ligamentum flavum is very rare, and its pathogenesis is unknown. We describe a case of ligamentum flavum hematoma in the cervical spine causing severe myelopathy. Postoperative histological examination suggested it was the result of the rupture of a hemangioma or of an arteriovenous malformation in the ligamentum flavum. After removal of the lesion, the patient's condition immediately improved. Review of all three reported cases, including this one, showed that complete resection of the mass resulted in immediate relief of symptoms of incomplete paraplegia. The findings of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the hematoma may vary with time, and they may show no characteristic intensity. However, MRI of this case revealed that the tissues surrounding the mass were enhanced with gadolinium diethylene triamine penta-acetic acid, and an area of homogeneous iso-intensity was clearly surrounded by a low-intensity area (flavum) on T2-weighed short-tau inversion recovery images. These findings could be characteristic of the ligamentum flavum hematoma and might help in the differentiation from a cervical epidural hematoma. (orig.)

  17. Radiation dose reduction during transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt implantation using a new imaging technology. (United States)

    Spink, C; Avanesov, M; Schmidt, T; Grass, M; Schoen, G; Adam, G; Bannas, P; Koops, A


    To compare patient radiation dose in patients undergoing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) implantation before and after an imaging-processing technology upgrade. In our retrospective single-center-study, cumulative air kerma (AK), cumulative dose area product (DAP), total fluoroscopy time and contrast agent were collected from an age- and BMI-matched collective of 108 patients undergoing TIPS implantation. 54 procedures were performed before and 54 after the technology upgrade. Mean values were calculated and compared using two-tailed t-tests. Two blinded, independent readers assessed DSA image quality using a four-rank likert scale and the Wilcoxcon test. The new technology demonstrated a significant reduction of 57% of mean DAP (402.8 vs. 173.3Gycm(2), ptechnology. Time of fluoroscopy (26.4 vs. 27.8min, p=0.45) and amount of contrast agent (109.4 vs. 114.9ml, p=0.62) did not differ significantly between the two groups. The DSA image quality of the new technology was not inferior (2.66 vs. 2.77, p=0.56). In our study the new imaging technology halved radiation dose in patients undergoing TIPS maintaining sufficient image quality without a significant increase in radiation time or contrast consumption. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Portal Vein Recanalization and Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt Creation for Chronic Portal Vein Thrombosis: Technical Considerations. (United States)

    Thornburg, Bartley; Desai, Kush; Hickey, Ryan; Kulik, Laura; Ganger, Daniel; Baker, Talia; Abecassis, Michael; Lewandowski, Robert J; Salem, Riad


    Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is common in cirrhotic patients and presents a challenge at the time of transplant. Owing to the increased posttransplant morbidity and mortality associated with complete PVT, the presence of PVT is a relative contraindication to liver transplantation at many centers. Our group began performing portal vein (PV) recanalization and transjugular intrahepatic portostystemic shunt placement (PVR-TIPS) several years ago to optimize the transplant candidacy of patients with PVT. The procedure has evolved to include transsplenic access to assist with recanalization, which is now our preferred method due to its technical success without significant added morbidity. Here, we describe in detail our approach to PVR-TIPS with a focus on the transsplenic method. The procedure was attempted in 61 patients and was technically successful in 60 patients (98%). After transitioning to transsplenic access to assist with recanalization, the technical success rate has improved to 100%. The recanalized portal vein and TIPS have maintained patency during follow-up, or to the time of transplant, in 55 patients (92%) with a mean follow-up of 16.7 months. In total, 23 patients (38%) have undergone transplant, all of whom received a physiologic anastomosis (end-to-end anastomosis in 22 of 23 patients, 96%). PVR-TIPS placement should be considered as an option for patients with chronic PVT in need of transplantation. Transsplenic access makes the procedure technically straightforward and should be considered as the primary method for recanalization. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  19. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt versus sclerotherapy in the elective treatment of variceal hemorrhage. (United States)

    Cabrera, J; Maynar, M; Granados, R; Gorriz, E; Reyes, R; Pulido-Duque, J M; Rodriguez SanRoman, J L; Guerra, C; Kravetz, D


    Uncontrolled studies suggest that placement of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) could be useful in the treatment of variceal bleeding. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TIPS in the elective treatment of hemorrhage from esophageal varices in a randomized controlled study that compared the effects of TIPS with those of endoscopic sclerotherapy (ES). Sixty-three consecutive cirrhotic patients with hemorrhage from esophageal varices were included. Thirty-two patients were randomly allocated to ES and 31 to TIPS groups. One patient in each group died before the therapeutic procedure could be performed. During a mean follow-up period of 15 months, variceal rebleeding occurred in 51.6% of the patients in the ES group and 23% of those in the TIPS group. Uncontrolled rebleeding occurred in 10 of 31 patients in the ES group, whereas rebleeding did not occur in any patient of the TIPS group. Hepatic encephalopathy was more frequent in TIPS patients (33.3%) than in those treated by ES (13%). However, mortality was similar in both treatment groups. These preliminary results suggest that TIPS is more effective than ES in the prevention of variceal rebleeding in cirrhotic patients, even though no difference in survival was observed.

  20. Portal hypertensive enteropathy diagnosed by capsule endoscopy and demonstration of the ileal changes after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carella Alessandra


    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Recent data suggest that mucosal abnormalities can occur even in the duodenum, jejunum, and distal ileum of cirrhosis patients. We present a case of portal hypertensive enteropathy in a cirrhosis patient shown by capsule endoscopy and the effect of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt on the ileal pictures. Case presentation An 83-year-old Caucasian woman was admitted to our hospital for anemia and a positive fecal occult blood test. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed small varices without bleeding signs and hypertensive gastropathy. Colonoscopy was negative. To rule out any other cause of bleeding, capsule endoscopy was performed; capsule endoscopy revealed severe hyperemia of the jejunum-ileal mucosa with active bleeding. Because of the persistence of anemia and the frequent blood transfusions, not responding to β-blocker drugs or octreotide infusion, a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt was performed. Anemia improved quickly after the transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt, and no further blood transfusion was necessary in the follow-up. The patient developed portal encephalopathy two months later and was readmitted to our department. We repeated the capsule endoscopy that showed a significant improvement of the gastric and ileal mucosa without any signs of bleeding. Conclusion Hypertensive enteropathy is a rare condition, but it seems more common with the introduction of capsule endoscopy in clinical practice. This case shows that the jejunum can be a source of bleeding in cirrhosis patients, and this is the first demonstration of its resolution after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement.

  1. Hematoma epidural espinal espontâneo durante a gravidez: registro de um caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Hack


    Full Text Available Registro de caso de paciente no oitavo mês de gestação que desenvolveu hematoma epidural espinal espontâneo dorsolombar. A gravidez, determinando aumento da pressão intra-abdominal e, como consequência, aumento da pressão venosa no plexo epidural, poderia ter sido o fator desencadeante no hematoma- A paciente foi submetida a cirurgia precocemente, porém não apresentou recuperação do déficit sensitivo-motor. São discutidos aspectos clínicos, do tratamento cirúrgico, da evolução e da etiologia dos hematomas epidurals espinais espontâneos.

  2. Intrathecal hematoma and arachnoiditis mimicking bacterial meningitis after an epidural blood patch. (United States)

    Roy-Gash, F; Engrand, N; Lecarpentier, E; Bonnet, M P


    We present a case of arachnoiditis and an intrathecal hematoma after an epidural blood patch. A 24-year-old parturient underwent an epidural blood patch three days after an accidental dural puncture during epidural labor analgesia. Four days later, the patient developed severe lower back pain, bilateral leg pain, persistent headache and fever. Bacterial meningitis was initially suspected and antibiotics started. Lumbar magnetic resonance imaging was performed and showed an intrathecal hematoma, with no blood in the epidural space. This report briefly reviews the few cases in the literature of arachnoiditis caused by an intrathecal hematoma and discusses the mechanism which resulted in blood in the subarachnoid space. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Colonic Angiodysplasia with a Huge Submucosal Hematoma in the Sigmoid Colon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takayuki Shimizu


    Full Text Available Colonic angiodysplasia (AD with bleeding as a comorbidity in the aging population is being increasingly reported. However, to our knowledge, there is no report on colonic AD accompanied by a huge hematoma. Herein, we report a case of colonic AD with a huge submucosal hematoma. A 75-year-old man with sudden melena was referred to our hospital. Helical computed tomographic angiography (CTA revealed bleeding from the sigmoid colon. Additionally, colonoscopy showed a huge submucosal hematoma with bleeding in the sigmoid colon. As endoscopic hemostasis was difficult, sigmoidectomy was performed. The pathological diagnosis was colonic AD. The present case indicates that colonic AD should be considered in the differential diagnosis for melena. In addition, the case shows that helical CTA, which is a noninvasive imaging modality, is useful for the diagnosis of colonic AD and is as effective as colonoscopy and angiography for diagnosis.

  4. Spinal Epidural Hematoma Presenting with Paraplegia: Two Different Etiologies and Treatment Approaches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cetin Kursad Akpinar


    Full Text Available Spontaneous and non-spontaneous epidural hematomas are among rarely seen emergency diseases which can cause permanent neurological deficits in the event of delays in diagnosis and treatment. They are findings of spinal cord compression that generally develop following a clinical, severe backache. While surgical treatment can be delayed in case of recovery of sudden neurological findings within hours, surgical treatment should be conducted as soon as possible in case of advancement of the findings within hours. Spinal epidural hematoma developed when Case 1 was receiving anticoagulant therapy while it developed in Case 2 when the case was not receiving any therapy. Case 1 recovered with conservative treatment and Case 2 recovered with surgical treatment. In this article, we presented spinal epidural hematoma cases with 2 different etiological causes in which we followed 2 different treatment approaches.

  5. Management of simple nail bed lacerations and subungual hematomas in the emergency department. (United States)

    Patel, Lina


    Fingertip crush injuries are common hand injuries in children and often are evaluated initially in an emergency department. Nail bed injuries can be classified into subungual hematomas, simple or stellate lacerations, crush injuries, and avulsions. Emergency department physicians with good knowledge of fingertip anatomy can appropriately manage these injuries so as to prevent long-term fingertip deformities and functional deficits. The management of simple nail bed lacerations and subungual hematomas has remained somewhat controversial with much debate surrounding the necessity of removing the nail plate for repair of a nail bed laceration versus trephination alone of a large subungual hematoma. This article will discuss the management and evaluation of simple nail bed injuries by emergency department physicians to prevent chronic nail and fingertip deformities.

  6. Multifocal subdural hematomas as the presenting sign of acquired hemophilia A: a case report. (United States)

    Burish, Mark J; Aysenne, Aimee; Singh, Vineeta


    Acquired hemophilia A (AHA) is a rare coagulopathy linked to a variety of etiologies including autoimmune diseases, neoplasms, diabetes, respiratory diseases, and the post-partum state. While bleeding in AHA is often seen in mucocutaneous or intramuscular locations, intracranial and intraspinal bleeds are exceedingly rare. We report an unusual case of spontaneous multifocal subdural hematomas in a 25 year old Asian woman with lupus who presented with headache and backache, and was found to have an elevated partial thromboplastin time (PTT) level and new diagnosis of AHA. Subdural hematomas as the initial sign of AHA are all but unknown in the medical literature. We bring this entity to the attention of the neurology community because lumbar puncture and/or conventional angiogram are often indicated in the work-up of idiopathic multifocal subdural hematomas, but may be dangerous in patients with AHA.

  7. Intracorneal Hematoma Showing Clinical and Dermoscopic Features of Acral Lentiginous Melanoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ugur Uslu


    Full Text Available Intra- and subcorneal hematoma, a skin alteration seen palmar and plantar after trauma or physical exercise, can be challenging to distinguish from in situ or invasive acral lentiginous melanoma. Thus, careful examination including dermoscopic and histologic assessment may be necessary to make the correct diagnosis. We here present a case of a 67-year-old healthy female patient who presented with a pigmented plantar skin alteration. Differential diagnoses included benign skin lesions, for example, hematoma or melanocytic nevus, and also acral lentiginous melanoma or melanoma in situ. Since clinical and dermoscopic examinations did not rule out a malignant skin lesion, surgical excision was performed and confirmed an intracorneal hematoma. In summary, without adequate physical trigger, it may be clinically and dermoscopically challenging to make the correct diagnosis in pigmented palmar and plantar skin alterations. Thus, biopsy or surgical excision of the skin alteration may be necessary to rule out melanoma.

  8. Percutaneous treatment of complications occurring during hemodialysis graft recanalization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sofocleous, Constantinos T. E-mail:; Schur, Israel; Koh, Elsie; Hinrichs, Clay; Cooper, Stanley G.; Welber, Adam; Brountzos, Elias; Kelekis, Dimitris


    Introduction/objective: To describe and evaluate percutaneous treatment methods of complications occurring during recanalization of thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts. Methods and materials: A retrospective review of 579 thrombosed hemodialysis access grafts revealed 48 complications occurring during urokinase thrombolysis (512) or mechanical thrombectomy (67). These include 12 venous or venous anastomotic ruptures not controlled by balloon tamponade, eight arterial emboli, 12 graft extravasations, seven small hematomas, four intragraft pseudointimal 'dissections', two incidents of pulmonary edema, one episode of intestinal angina, one procedural death, and one distant hematoma. Results: Twelve cases of post angioplasty ruptures were treated with uncovered stents of which 10 resulted in graft salvage allowing successful hemodialysis. All arterial emboli were retrieved by Fogarty or embolectomy balloons. The 10/12 graft extravasations were successfully treated by digital compression while the procedure was completed and the graft flow was restored. Dissections were treated with prolonged Percutaneous Trasluminal Angioplasty (PTA) balloon inflation. Overall technical success was 39/48 (81%). Kaplan-Meier Primary and secondary patency rates were 72 and 78% at 30, 62 and 73% at 90 and 36 and 67% at 180 days, respectively. Secondary patency rates remained over 50% at 1 year. There were no additional complications caused by these maneuvers. Discussions and conclusion: The majority of complications occurring during percutaneous thrombolysis/thrombectomy of thrombosed access grafts, can be treated at the same sitting allowing completion of the recanalization procedure and usage of the same access for hemodialysis.

  9. Serial MR Imaging of Intramuscular Hematoma: Experimental Study in a Rat Model with the Pathologic Correlation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Yeon Soo; Kim, Jong Ok; Choi, Eun Seok [Daejeon St. Mary' s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kwon, Soon Tae [Chungnam National University, School of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    We wanted to demonstrate the temporal changes of the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in experimentally-induced intramuscular hematomas in rats and to correlate these data with the concurrent pathologic observations. Intramuscular hematoma was induced in 30 rats. The MR images were obtained at 1, 4, 7 and 10 days and at 2, 3, 4, 6 and 8 weeks after muscle injury. The characteristic serial MRI findings were evaluated and the relative signal intensities were calculated. Pathologic specimens were obtained at each time point. On the T1-weighted imaging (T1WI), the intramuscular hematomas exhibited isointensity compared to that of muscle or the development of a high signal intensity (SI) rim on day one after injury. The high SI persisted until eight weeks after injury. On the T2-weighted imaging (T2WI), the hematomas showed high SI or centrally low SI on day one after injury, and mainly high SI after four days. A dark signal rim was apparent after seven days, which was indicative of hemosiderin on the pathology. The gradient echo (GRE) imaging yielded dark signal intensities at all stages. Unlike brain hematomas, experimentally-induced intramuscular hematomas show increased SI on both the T1WI and T2WI from the acute stage onward, and this is pathologically correlated with a rich blood supply and rapid healing response to injury in the muscle. On the T2WI and GRE imaging, high SI with a peripheral dark signal rim is apparent from seven days to the chronic stage

  10. Bilateral chylothorax as a complication of internal jugular vein cannulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puneet Saxena


    Full Text Available Central venous catheterization is one of the most prevalent procedures in the Intensive Care Unit. Complications are reported in about 15% of the patients and usually comprise of infection, arterial puncture, malpositioning, pneumothorax, local hematoma, hemothorax, and so on. Chylothorax is a rare complication of this procedure. We present a 42-year-old lady, who developed bilateral massive chylothorax after cannulation of her left internal jugular vein (IJV, due to direct injury to the thoracic duct during the procedure. The patient was successfully managed with bilateral chest tube drainage and omission of oral feeds for four days. Development of bilateral chylothorax as a complication of IJV cannulation is rare, but merits reporting, in view of a large number of central venous cannulations being undertaken. Critical care professionals should be aware of this rare complication of a common procedure to facilitate early identification and institute appropriate therapy.

  11. Fatal deterioration of delayed acute subdural hematoma after mild traumatic brain injury: two cases with brief review. (United States)

    Chen, Shiwen; Xu, Chen; Yuan, Lutao; Tian, Hengli; Cao, Heli; Guo, Yan


    Both delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and epidural hematoma have been well described in the neurosurgical literatures. However, delayed posttraumatic acute subdural hematoma which happens more than a week with a rapid progress after mild traumatic brain injury and causes death of patient is rarely reported. We show two such cases and briefly review the literature and discuss the probable pathogenesis of their rapid progress.

  12. Ambulatory thyroidectomy: a multistate study of revisits and complications. (United States)

    Orosco, Ryan K; Lin, Harrison W; Bhattacharyya, Neil


    Determine rates and reasons for revisits after ambulatory adult thyroidectomy. Cross-sectional analysis of multistate ambulatory surgery and hospital databases. Ambulatory surgery data from the State Ambulatory Surgery Databases of California, Florida, Iowa, and New York for calendar years 2010 and 2011. Ambulatory thyroidectomy cases were linked to state ambulatory, emergency, and inpatient databases for revisit encounters occurring within 30 days. The numbers of revisits, mortality, and associated diagnoses were analyzed. A total of 25,634 cases of ambulatory thyroid surgery were identified: 44.2% total thyroidectomy (TT) and 55.8% partial thyroidectomy (PT). Common indications for surgery included goiter/cyst (39.5%), benign/uncertain neoplasm (24.2%), and malignant neoplasm (24.0%). The 30-day revisit rate was 7.2% (n = 1858; 61.8% emergency department, 22.4% inpatient admission, and 15.8% ambulatory surgery center). The most common diagnosis at revisit was hypocalcemia (20.8% of revisits), followed by wound hematoma/seroma/bleeding (7.1%). Higher rates of revisit, hypocalcemia, and hematoma/seroma/bleeding were seen in patients undergoing TT (P ambulatory thyroidectomy demonstrates a good postoperative morbidity and mortality profile. Common reasons for revisits included hypocalcemia and bleeding/seroma/hematoma, which occurred with relatively high frequencies as late as a week after surgery. Quality improvement measures should be targeted at lowering revisit rates and safely managing complications. © American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery Foundation 2015.

  13. Factors involved in the occurrence of bleeding complications after enucleation for cornea donation. (United States)

    van Wijk, Marja J; Nijenhuis, Matthijs V; Dorrepaal, Caroline A; Bokhorst, Arlinke G


    To identify risk factors for the occurrence of bleeding complications after enucleation for cornea donation, in order to develop preventive activities to reduce the occurrence of bleeding complications and especially the development of ocular hematomas. From all Dutch cornea donors deceased in the year 2006, donor characteristics, retrieval characteristics, and bleeding complication data were collected. First, univariate relations between donor and retrieval factors and bleeding complications were determined. Then, multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors significantly associated with bleeding complications. In 114 of the 1173 cornea donors (9.7%), bleeding complications occurred, with ocular hematomas developing in 39 (3.3% of all cornea donors). Donor factors significantly associated with bleeding complications were age [odds ratio (OR) 0.96 (95% CI 0.94-0.97)], weight [OR 1.03 (1.02-1.04)], heart failure [OR 2.10 (1.12-3.94)], thrombocyte aggregation inhibitor use [OR 1.64 (1.02-2.64)], and chronic alcoholic liver disease [OR 2.85 (1.11-7.31)]. The most significant factor associated with bleeding complications was the retrieval sequence. If cornea donation was followed by any other tissue retrieval, the risk of bleeding complications was strongly increased. : This study shows that the tissue retrieval sequence in multitissue donors is the most important factor associated with the occurrence of bleeding complications. The risk of bleeding and ocular hematoma is lower if cornea donation is performed after all other retrievals. However, if the tissue retrieval sequence is altered, the effect of prolonged postmortem time on corneal quality must be taken into account.

  14. Delayed onset of a spinal epidural hematoma after facet joint injection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirko Velickovic


    Full Text Available The treatment of chronic back pain is a challenging problem. Facet joint infiltration is an established treatment for chronic low back pain caused by arthrosis of the lumbar facet joints. Due to the increasing number of patients with chronic low back pain, this therapy has become more frequent. We treated a 51-year-old male patient, who developed an epidural hematoma 2 months after infiltration therapy. Our case shows that even a delayed onset of spinal epidural hematoma is possible and should be kept in mind as a possible cause of acute myelopathy after spinal intervention.

  15. Estudio observacional sobre presencia y caracterización de hematomas en carcasas vacunas de Uruguay


    Crosi, Gonzalo; Prado, Martín; Huertas, Stella; Imelio, Juan; Piaggio, José; Gil, Andres


    Objetivo: Evaluar y caracterizar los hematomas presentes en vacunos faenados en las plantas frigoríficas de Uruguay, habilitadas para exportación. Comparar datos obtenidos con investigaciones anteriores a nivel nacional. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional de las carcasas bovinas luego de la faena, con el fin de evaluar la presencia de hematomas, teniendo en cuenta su localización, área, forma y profundidad. A su vez, se recabó información sobre el sexo y categoría de las tropas ...

  16. A case of circumferential multi-vessel coronary intramural hematoma in a post-menopausal woman

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robin Ducas


    Full Text Available Spontaneous coronary dissections are a well described entity which are often difficult to treat. Intramural hematoma is one type of coronary dissection. Previous case reports have described the treatment for angiographically visible dissection. We describe the first report of diffuse intramural hematoma visualized only on intravascular ultrasound with no angiographically obvious evidence of dissection treated with multivessel drug eluting stenting. This case highlights the importance of a high level of suspicion and atypical presentations of coronary dissection, and the use of multimodality imaging with intravascular ultrasound and computerized tomography for both diagnosis and therapy.

  17. Hematoma of the proximal nail fold due to oximeter in a child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Chang


    Full Text Available Boy 4 years old, hospitalized due to hemorrhagic chickenpox and sepsis during his clinical examination besides hemorrhagic crust, vesicles and bullous he has also a cutaneous red lesion localized at the right proximal nail fold of the big toenail (Fig. 1, dermatoscopic view of the lesion (Fig. 2. The diagnosis of hematoma of the proximal nail fold due to oximeter was done. The proximal nail fold hematomas due to oximeter are uncommon dermatoses at this level that are caused for the pressure of the oximeter and it has been seeing in patient in Unit Intensive or Intermediate Unit Care since 2007.

  18. Rupture of vasa vasorum and intramural hematoma of the aorta: a changing paradigm


    Adamastor Humberto Pereira


    A ruptura dos vasa vasorum tem sido reconhecida como uma das causas do hematoma intramural da aorta há 90 anos. Esta breve revisão apresenta sistematicamente a fisiologia desses vasos e o seu papel na fisiopatologia das alterações parietais da aorta que ocorrem na hipertensão arterial, na arteriosclerose e na síndrome aórtica aguda. A hipótese defendida aqui é a de que a ruptura dos vasa vasorum ocorre como um fenômeno secundário e não como um dos fatores causais na fisiopatologia do hematoma...

  19. Nontraumatic subperiosteal orbital hematoma associated with ethmoid sinusitis: a case report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Sung Soo; Han, Jong Kyu; Baek, Byoung Joon; Oh, Mee Hye; Jou, Sung Shick; Kim, Hyung Hwan; Bae, Won Kyung; Kim, Il Young [Soonchunhyang University, Cheonan Hospital, Cheonan (Korea, Republic of)


    Subperiosteal hematoma of the orbit is a rare disease and most of the cases occur in young adult males as a result of direct facial or orbital trauma. In the absence of direct facial or orbital trauma, nontranmatic subperiosteal orbital hematoma has rarely been reported in association with a sudden elevation of cranial venous pressure or venous congestion, systemic diseases associated with a bleeding diathesis and paranasal sinusitis. We report here on a rare case of subperiosteal orbital hemaboma associated with ethmoid sinusitis, as was seen on CT imaging.

  20. Acquired Hemophilia A with a Rare Presentation of Acute Subdural Hematoma

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    Yoshihide Sehara


    Full Text Available An 80-year-old man was admitted for acute subdural hematoma caused by a mild brain injury. His coagulation test showed an isolated prolongation of activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT. Though the subdural hematoma did not progress, oozing bleed from the wound of tracheostomy continued. Failure of correction on aPTT mixing test supported the presence of an inhibitor to a coagulation factor. Once the diagnosis of acquired hemophilia A (AHA was made, steroid therapy was performed, which leads him to complete remission of AHA. Isolated prolongation of aPTT can be the key to diagnose a rare coagulopathy, such as AHA.

  1. A retropharyngeal-mediastinal hematoma with supraglottic and tracheal obstruction: The role of multidisciplinary airway management

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    Birkholz Torsten


    Full Text Available A 77-year-old man suffered hypoxemic cardiac arrest by supraglottic and tracheal airway obstruction in the emergency department. A previously unknown cervical fracture had caused a traumatic retropharyngeal-mediastinal hematoma. A lifesaving surgical emergency tracheostomy succeeded. Supraglottic and tracheal obstruction by a retropharyngeal-mediastinal hematoma with successful resuscitation via emergency tracheostomy after hypoxemic cardiac arrest has never been reported in a context of trauma. This clinically demanding case outlines the need for multidisciplinary airway management systems with continuous training and well-implemented guidelines. Only multidisciplinary staff preparedness and readily available equipments for the unanticipated difficult airway solved the catastrophic clinical situation.

  2. Blunt traumatic superior gluteal artery pseudoaneurysm presenting as gluteal hematoma without bony injury: A rare case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annu Babu


    Full Text Available Blunt traumatic injuries to the superior gluteal artery are rare in clinic. A majority of injuries present as aneurysms following penetrating trauma, fracture pelvis or posterior dislocation of the hip joint. We reported a rare case of superior gluteal artery pseudoaneurysm following blunt trauma presenting as large expanding right gluteal hematoma without any bony injury. The gluteal hematoma was suspected clinically, confirmed by ultrasound and the arterial injury was diagnosed by CT angiography that revealed a large right gluteal hematoma with a focal contrast leakage forming a pseudoaneurysm within the hematoma. Pseudoaneurysm arose from the superior gluteal branch of right internal iliac artery, which was successfully angioembolized. The patient was discharged on day 4 of hospitalization with resolving gluteal hematoma. This report highlighted the importance of considering an arterial injury following blunt trauma to the buttocks with subsequent painful swelling. Acknowledgment of this rare injury pattern was necessary to facilitate rapid diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

  3. Inpatient Cost Assessment of Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt in the USA from 2001 to 2012. (United States)

    Kuei, Andrew; Lee, Edward Wolfgang; Saab, Sammy; Busuttil, Ronald W; Durazo, Francisco; Han, Steven-Huy; ElKabany, Mohamed; McWilliams, Justin P; Kee, Stephen T


    Despite widespread use of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for treatment of portal hypertension, a paucity of nationwide data exists on predictors of the economic impact related to TIPS. Using the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database from 2001 to 2012, we aimed to evaluate factors contributing to hospital cost of patients admitted to US hospitals for TIPS. Using the NIS, we identified a discharge-weighted national estimate of 61,004 TIPS procedures from 2001 to 2012. Through independent sample analysis, we determined profile factors related to increases in hospital costs. Of all TIPS cases, the mean charge adjusted for inflation to the year 2012 is $125,044 ± $160,115. The mean hospital cost adjusted for inflation is $44,901 ± $54,565. Comparing pre- and post-2005, mean charges and cost have increased considerably ($98,154 vs. $142,652, p < 0.001 and $41,656 vs. $46,453, p < 0.001, respectively). Patients transferred from a different hospital, weekend admissions, Asian/Pacific Islander patients, and hospitals in the Northeastern and Western region had higher cost. Number of diagnoses and number of procedures show positive correlations with hospital cost, with number of procedures exhibiting stronger relationships (Pearson 0.613). Comorbidity measures with highest increases in cost were pulmonary circulation disorders ($32,157 increase, p < 0.001). The cost of the TIPS procedure is gradually rising for hospitals. Alongside recent healthcare reform through the Affordable Care Act, measures to reduce the economic burden of TIPS are of increasing importance. Data from this study are intended to aid physicians and hospitals in identifying improvements that could reduce hospital costs.

  4. Outcomes of Locoregional Tumor Therapy for Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunts

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Padia, Siddharth A., E-mail:; Chewning, Rush H., E-mail:; Kogut, Matthew J., E-mail:; Ingraham, Christopher R., E-mail:; Johnson, Guy E., E-mail: [University of Washington Medical Center, Section of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States); Bhattacharya, Renuka, E-mail: [University of Washington Medical Center, Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine (United States); Kwan, Sharon W., E-mail:; Monsky, Wayne L., E-mail:; Vaidya, Sandeep, E-mail: [University of Washington Medical Center, Section of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States); Hippe, Daniel S., E-mail: [University of Washington Medical Center, Department of Radiology (United States); Valji, Karim, E-mail: [University of Washington Medical Center, Section of Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiology (United States)


    PurposeLocoregional therapy for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can be challenging in patients with a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). This study compares safety and imaging response of ablation, chemoembolization, radioembolization, and supportive care in patients with both TIPS and HCC.MethodsThis retrospective study included 48 patients who had both a TIPS and a diagnosis of HCC. Twenty-nine of 48 (60 %) underwent treatment for HCC, and 19/48 (40 %) received best supportive care (i.e., symptomatic management only). While etiology of cirrhosis and indication for TIPS were similar between the two groups, treated patients had better baseline liver function (34 vs. 67 % Child-Pugh class C). Tumor characteristics were similar between the two groups. A total of 39 ablations, 17 chemoembolizations, and 10 yttrium-90 radioembolizations were performed on 29 patients.ResultsAblation procedures resulted in low rates of hepatotoxicity and clinical toxicity. Post-embolization/ablation syndrome occurred more frequently in patients undergoing chemoembolization than ablation (47 vs. 15 %). Significant hepatic dysfunction occurred more frequently in the chemoembolization group than the ablation group. Follow-up imaging response showed objective response in 100 % of ablation procedures, 67 % of radioembolization procedures, and 50 % of chemoembolization procedures (p = 0.001). When censored for OLT, patients undergoing treatment survived longer than patients receiving supportive care (2273 v. 439 days, p = 0.001).ConclusionsAblation appears to be safe and efficacious for HCC in patients with TIPS. Catheter-based approaches are associated with potential increased toxicity in this patient population. Chemoembolization appears to be associated with increased toxicity compared to radioembolization.

  5. Hepatic encephalopathy after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt insertion: a decade of experience. (United States)

    Masson, S; Mardini, H A; Rose, J D; Record, C O


    Since its introduction, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) has been extensively used for treatment of portal hypertension. We report a decade of experience with particular emphasis on characterizing post-TIPS hepatic encephalopathy (HE). To determine the frequency of clinically evident or minimal HE post-TIPS, identify predisposing factors and determine the impact of minimal HE on quality of life. Prospective data collection and retrospective case notes analysis. Of 197 patients referred for TIPS insertion, 136 patients who survived the procedure by more than 4 weeks were available for assessment. Data collected at TIPS insertion was supplemented by case note analysis. Psychometric testing was performed and health profile questionnaires administered on patients still attending. Most patients had alcoholic liver disease (62.4%) and bleeding varices unresponsive to endoscopic therapy (86%). Clinically evident post-TIPS HE developed in 34.5% of patients, was of similar frequency in the groups treated with polytetrafluoroethylene covered and uncovered stents, and the only significant predictor was pre-TIPS HE. Post-TIPS HE necessitating liver transplant or contributing to death occurred in only 14 (10.3%) patients. Minimal encephalopathy (abnormal psychometry) was present in 49% of patients at 26 (3-123) months after TIPS but this frequency was similar in a cohort of cirrhotics being assessed for liver transplant. However, patients with abnormal psychometry had significantly lower quality of life scores than those with normal psychometry. Although, HE is relatively common after TIPS insertion, with careful selection of patients it is usually short-lived and easily managed. Minimal HE is no more prevalent than expected in a cirrhotic population without TIPS.

  6. Pathological Predictors of Shunt Stenosis and Hepatic Encephalopathy after Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuliang He


    Full Text Available Background. Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS is an artificial channel from the portal vein to the hepatic vein or vena cava for controlling portal vein hypertension. The major drawbacks of TIPS are shunt stenosis and hepatic encephalopathy (HE; previous studies showed that post-TIPS shunt stenosis and HE might be correlated with the pathological features of the liver tissues. Therefore, we analyzed the pathological predictors for clinical outcome, to determine the risk factors for shunt stenosis and HE after TIPS. Methods. We recruited 361 patients who suffered from portal hypertension symptoms and were treated with TIPS from January 2009 to December 2012. Results. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of shunt stenosis was increased with more severe inflammation in the liver tissue (OR, 2.864; 95% CI: 1.466–5.592; P=0.002, HE comorbidity (OR, 6.266; 95% CI, 3.141–12.501; P<0.001, or higher MELD score (95% CI, 1.298–1.731; P<0.001. Higher risk of HE was associated with shunt stenosis comorbidity (OR, 6.266; 95% CI, 3.141–12.501; P<0.001, higher stage of the liver fibrosis (OR, 2.431; 95% CI, 1.355–4.359; P=0.003, and higher MELD score (95% CI, 1.711–2.406; P<0.001. Conclusion. The pathological features can predict individual susceptibility to shunt stenosis and HE.

  7. Economic modelling of early transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt insertion for acute variceal haemorrhage. (United States)

    Harman, David J; McCorry, Roger B; Jacob, Ruth P; Lim, Teegan R; O'Neill, Richard; Ryder, Stephen D; James, Martin W; Aithal, Guruprasad P; Guha, Indra N


    Early insertion of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) in high-risk patients with acute variceal haemorrhage reduces rebleeding and mortality. However, the economic benefit of utilizing this approach remains unclear. We evaluated the economic implications of introducing early TIPS into routine algorithms for the management of variceal bleeding. Consecutive patients admitted in 2009 with variceal haemorrhage to two liver units and eligible for early TIPS insertion were identified retrospectively. The costs of a 12-month follow-up from index bleeding admission were calculated--the actual cost of follow-up and rebleeding in this cohort was compared with the theoretical 12-month follow-up costs of instead inserting an early TIPS at index admission. Our findings were subjected to a sensitivity analysis to assess the cost effectiveness of early TIPS insertion compared with standard care. In 2009, 78 patients were admitted to our units with variceal haemorrhage; 27 patients (35%) were eligible for early TIPS insertion. The actual cost of a 12-month follow-up was £138 473.50. Early TIPS insertion, assuming a 3.2% rebleeding rate, would save £534.70 per patient per year (P<0.0001). On sensitivity analysis, early TIPS dominated standard care up to an early TIPS rebleeding rate of 6% and remained cost-effective up to a rebleeding rate of 12%. Early TIPS insertion for high-risk patients with acute variceal bleeding is a cost-efficient intervention. This has important implications for the introduction of early TIPS as standard care and the organization of interventional radiology services.

  8. Neurological and functional outcomes of subdural hematoma evacuation in patients over 70 years of age

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    Patrick Mulligan


    Full Text Available Background: Subdural hematoma (SDH is a common disease entity treated by neurosurgical intervention. Although the incidence increases in the elderly population, there is a paucity of studies examining their surgical outcomes. Objectives: To determine the neurological and functional outcomes of patients over 70 years of age undergoing surgical decompression for subdural hematoma. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed data on 45 patients above 70 years who underwent craniotomy or burr holes for acute, chronic or mixed subdural hematomas. We analyzed both neurological and functional status before and after surgery. Results: Forty-five patients 70 years of age or older were treated in our department during the study period. There was a significant improvement in the neurological status of patients from admission to follow up as assessed using the Markwalder grading scale (1.98 vs. 1.39; P =0.005, yet no improvement in functional outcome was observed as assessed by Glasgow Outcome Score. Forty-one patients were admitted from home, however only 20 patients (44% were discharged home, 16 (36% discharged to nursing home or rehab, 6 (13% to hospice and 3 (7% died in the postoperative period. Neurological function improved in patients who were older, had a worse pre-operative neurological status, were on anticoagulation and had chronic or mixed acute and chronic hematoma. However, no improvement in functional status was observed. Conclusion: Surgical management of SDH in patients over 70 years of age provides significant improvement in neurological status, but does not change functional status.

  9. Ruptured subcapsular hematoma of the liver due to pre‑eclampsia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ruptured subcapsular hematoma of the liver (RSHL) can mimic ruptured interstitial pregnancy because each of these conditions occasionally presents at the same gestational period and both do manifest hemodynamic instability. The similarities between the two conditions pose a diagnostic challenge, especially in an ...

  10. Worsening Cervical Epidural Hematoma After Tissue Plasminogen Activator Administration for Stroke Like Symptoms. (United States)

    Morimoto, Tadatsugu; Yoshihara, Tomohito; Yakushiji, Yusuke; Eriguchi, Makoto; Hara, Hideo; Sonohata, Motoki; Mawatari, Masaaki


    Case report. To report an extremely rare case of stroke-mimicking, cervical spontaneous epidural hematoma (SEH) treated with tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) for hemiparesis followed by emergency cervical decompression. Although hemiparesis caused by cervical SEH is a relatively uncommon symptom compared with tetraparesis, such cases were often misdiagnosed as cerebral infarction and worsened by antithrombic therapy. A case report and literature review are presented. A 71-year-old male presented with sudden neck pain followed by left-sided hemiparesis, and was believed to have had a stroke. He was administered tPA as intracranial computed tomography showed no signs of hemorrhage. However, his neurological condition continued to decline, and MRI of the cervical spine revealed a large spontaneous epidural hematoma. He subsequently underwent evacuation of the epidural hematoma and C3-6 laminoplasty, and his clinical status improved after the surgery. To our knowledge, only three cases of cervical SEH with hemiparesis erroneously treated with tPA resulting in neurological decline because of the enlargement of an existing hematoma, including the current case, have been reported in the English literature. It is important for physicians, especially those who administer tPA treatment, to include cervical SEH in the differential diagnosis of stroke in patients presenting with sudden back pain followed by the onset of neurological deficits including hemiparesis. 5.

  11. The effects of kinesio taping on the color intensity of superficial skin hematomas: A pilot study. (United States)

    Vercelli, Stefano; Colombo, Claudio; Tolosa, Francesca; Moriondo, Andrea; Bravini, Elisabetta; Ferriero, Giorgio; Francesco, Sartorio


    To analyze the effects of kinesio taping (KT) -applied with three different strains that induced or not the formation of skin creases (called convolutions)- on color intensity of post-surgical superficial hematomas. Single-blind paired study. Rehabilitation clinic. A convenience sample of 13 inpatients with post-surgical superficial hematomas. The tape was applied for 24 consecutive hours. Three tails of KT were randomly applied with different degrees of strain: none (SN); light (SL); and full longitudinal stretch (SF). We expected to obtain correct formation of convolutions with SL, some convolutions with SN, and no convolutions with SF. The change in color intensity of hematomas, measured by means of polar coordinates CIE L*a*b* using a validated and standardized digital images system. Applying KT to hematomas did not significantly change the color intensity in the central area under the tape (p > 0.05). There was a significant treatment effect (p tape, independently of the formation of convolutions (p > 0.05). The changes observed along the edges of the tape could be related to the formation of a pressure gradient between the KT and the adjacent area, but were not dependent on the formation of skin convolutions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Comparison Between Cerebral Tissue Oxygen Tension and Energy Metabolism in Experimental Subdural Hematoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Troels Halfeld; Engell, Susanne I; Johnsen, Rikke Aagaard


    BACKGROUND: An experimental swine model (n = 7) simulating an acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) was employed (1) to explore the relation between the brain tissue oxygenation (PbtO(2)) and the regional cerebral energy metabolism as obtained by microdialysis, and (2) to define the lowest level of PbtO...

  13. Scrotal hematoma, anemia, and jaundice as manifestations of adrenal neuroblastoma in a newborn

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kreeftenberg, HG; Zeebregts, CJAM; Tamminga, RYJ; de Langen, ZJ; Zijlstra, RJ


    Clinically, a neuroblastoma presents mostly as an abdominal mass. Within the tumor, bleeding can be present, sometimes extending in to its surroundings. This case report describes a neuroblastoma, presenting as scrotal hematoma in a newborn boy, which initially raised the suspicion of a torsio

  14. Subdural hematomas: glutaric aciduria type 1 or abusive head trauma? A systematic review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vester, Marloes E. M.; Bilo, Rob A. C.; Karst, Wouter A.; Daams, Joost G.; Duijst, Wilma L. J. M.; van Rijn, Rick R.


    Glutaric aciduria type 1 (GA1) is a rare metabolic disorder of glutaryl-CoA-dehydrogenase enzyme deficiency. Children with GA1 are reported to be predisposed to subdural hematoma (SDH) development due to stretching of cortical veins secondary to cerebral atrophy and expansion of CSF spaces.

  15. Very low cerebral blood volume predicts parenchymal hematoma in acute ischemic stroke

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermitte, Laure; Cho, Tae-Hee; Ozenne, Brice


    BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Parenchymal hematoma (PH) may worsen the outcome of patients with stroke. The aim of our study was to confirm the relationship between the volume of very low cerebral blood volume (CBV) and PH using a European multicenter database (I-KNOW). A secondary objective was to exp...

  16. Acute Interhemispheric Subdural Hematomas: A Report of 3 Cases and Review of the Literature

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    Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin


    Full Text Available The development of acute supratentorial interhemispheric subdural hematomas is an uncommon yet a highly distinct event because of their unusual location, unknown natural history, and debated management. The majority develop in patients with head trauma, generalized bleeding tendency, or coagulopathy. We report on 3 patients who developed spontaneous acute inter-hemispheric subdural hematomas. They were 72, 66, and 65 years old, respectively. Two were males and the 3rd was a female. There was no head trauma, bleeding tendency, or coagulopathy. Two of them were hypertensive but none of them was diabetic, epileptic, or alcoholic. Two patients died, on day 1 and 2 respectively, and the 3rd patient was discharged by his next of kin after 3 hours of admission to our Acute and Emergency department. No neurosurgical intervention was carries out and all patients were treated conservatively. The hematoma was fronto-occipital and was located on the left side in 2 patients while in the 3rd patient it was a right-sided parieto-occipital one. Although the initial investigations had pointed out to the spontaneous development of those hematomas in our patients, a further search for an underlying etiology was supposed to be done, but the early death of 2 patients and the premature discharge of the 3rd patient had intersected with this work-up. The rapid deterioration and death of 2 patients might have been prevented if an early evacuation was done.

  17. Psychological complications in 281 plastic surgery practices. (United States)

    Borah, G; Rankin, M; Wey, P


    Surgery is a high-stakes stressor with possible consequences that include death, pain, disfigurement, economic losses, and alterations in social roles. Often, the most disturbing complications to surgeons and patients are psychological rather than physical. Ineffective management of psychological complications of surgery can have profound consequences, resulting in delayed recuperative times, delayed return to work, poor patient compliance, dissatisfaction with the surgical outcome, hostility toward surgeons, and anxiety. The purpose of this study was to investigate in a large randomized group of plastic surgery practices the relative incidence of negative psychological outcomes and to compare these with the incidence of adverse physical outcomes to gain a greater appreciation of the relative magnitude of each type of perioperative complication. The study design was a descriptive, correlational survey that assessed psychological complications reported by plastic surgeons. The Plastic Surgery Questionnaire was sent to 702 randomly selected board-certified plastic surgeons. The sample consisted of 281 board-certified plastic surgeons (40 percent response rate). The study instrument was found to be highly reliable, with inter-item Cronbach's alpha r = 0.85. The demographics were representative of the specialty as a whole. It was found in general that psychological complications were much more prevalent than physical problems such as hematoma or infection. Anxiety reactions were commonly encountered by 95.4 percent of surgeons; disappointment (96.8 percent), depression (95.0 percent), nonspecific physical complaints (92.2 percent), and sleep disorders (88.5 percent) were the next most commonly reported complications. Most surgeons (75.8 percent) reported that screening for depression was important, but only 18.8 percent identified screening for post-traumatic stress disorder as important, even though 86 percent had diagnosed post-traumatic stress disorder in their

  18. Ligamentum flavum hematoma: a case report and literature review Hematoma del ligamento amarillo: caso clínico y revisión de la literatura Hematoma de ligamento amarelo: relato de caso e revisão da literatura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ericson Sfreddo


    Full Text Available The aim is to present a rare case of ligamentum flavum hematoma in the lumbar region, discuss its physiopathology and treatment and review the literature. A woman aged 68 presented with neurogenic claudication due to degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis that evolved into a sudden worsening with cauda equina syndrome. The magnetic resonance imagining (MRI showed signs of degeneration of the lumbar spine, with a narrow spinal canal from L2 to S1, anterolisthesis L4 L5 and an expansive lesion hyperintense on T1-weighted and hypointense on T2-weighted images considered compatible with hematoma in the topography of the yellow ligament in L1-L2. The patient underwent laminectomy and lumbar fixation. Her evolution was good in the postoperative period and at 18 months of follow-up hse walked alone, despite the pain that is controlled with simple medications. Even though rare, it seems that ligamentum flavum hematoma has a relationship with the degeneration and rupture of small vessels associated with micro trauma to the spine. Its physiopathology is not well defined and treatment is similar to other spine compression processes.El objetivo es presentar un caso raro de un hematoma ligamento flavum en la región lumbar, discutir su fisiopatología y el tratamiento y revisión de la literatura. Una mujer de 68 años presentó claudicación neurogénica debido a la espondilolistesis lumbar degenerativa y que se convirtió en un repentino empeoramiento con el síndrome de cauda equina. Una imagen de resonancia magnética (RM mostró signos de degeneración de la columna lumbar, con canal espinal estrecho de L2 a S1, anterolistesis L4 L5 y en la L1-L2, un proceso expansivo redondeado e hiperintenso en T1 y hipointenso en los bordes en T2, compatible con hematoma en la topografía del ligamento amarillo. La paciente fue sometida a laminectomía y fijación lumbar. Su evolución fue buena en el postoperatorio y, a los 18 meses de seguimiento caminaba sola, a

  19. Subperiosteal hematoma of the iliac bone: imaging features of acute and chronic stages with emphasis on pathophysiology

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    Guillin, Raphael [Rennes University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Rennes Cedex 2 (France); Moser, Thomas [Montreal University Hospital, Department of Musculoskeletal Imaging, Montreal (Canada); Koob, Meriam [Strasbourg University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Imaging, Strasbourg (France); Khoury, Viviane [Mc Gill University Health center, Department of Radiology, Montreal (Canada); Chapuis, Madeleine [Rennes University Hospital, Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, Rennes (France); Ropars, Mickael [Rennes University Hospital, Department of orthopedic surgery, Rennes (France); Cardinal, Etienne [Radiologie Laennec, Montreal (Canada)


    The goal of this work is to describe the radiological appearance and clinical presentation of subperiosteal iliac hematoma and present a review of the literature. We retrospectively reviewed the radiological and clinical files of 19 patients (age range: 12-75; mean: 47) who presented with acute or chronic subperiosteal iliac hematomas. Imaging findings and relevant clinical information were recorded. A thorough literature search was performed to find additional cases of this rare condition. Three young patients presented with acute subperiosteal iliac hematoma following a fall. Clinical presentation was characterized by pain and gait disturbance presumed to result from crural nerve compression. Unilateral or bilateral lenticular hematomas deep in the iliacus muscle were demonstrated by CT for all patients while MRI was also available for two of them. In 16 asymptomatic patients, chronic ossified subperiosteal iliac hematomas were incidentally detected by CT. Progressive ossification of acute hematoma was demonstrated at follow-up in two patients. Subperiosteal iliac hematoma is rare but has typical imaging findings that may present acutely in adolescents or chronically in asymptomatic adults. (orig.)

  20. Lumbar artery pseudoaneurysm and arteriovenous fistula as a complication of laparoscopic splenectomy: treatment by transcatheter embolization

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    Maleux, G.; Wilms, G. [Department of Radiology, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium); Vermylen, J. [Department of Internal Medicine-Vascular Diseases, University Hospitals, Leuven (Belgium)


    Iatrogenic injury of a lumbar artery is very rare and mostly causes retroperitoneal hemorrhage. We report a case of a lumbar artery pseudoaneurysm and a concomitant arteriovenous fistula complicating laparoscopic splenectomy and provoking renal colic-like flank pain due to mass effect on the left ureter. Definitive treatment of both vascular lesions was obtained after percutaneous transcatheter embolization of several lumbar arteries. Control computed tomography scan 3 months after embolization showed almost complete resorption of the retroperitoneal hematoma. (orig.)

  1. Optimizing outcomes in vasectomy: how to ensure sterility and prevent complications


    Lowe, Gregory


    Vasectomy provides a long-term effective sterilization for men and is performed on nearly 500,000 men annually in the United States. Improvements in technique have led to a decreased failure rate and fewer complications, although significant variations in technique exist. Use of cautery occlusion with or without fascial interposition appears to have the least failures. A no-scalpel approach lowers risk of hematoma formation, infection and bleeding post-operatively. A patient can be considered...

  2. Comparison of Swirl Sign and Black Hole Sign in Predicting Early Hematoma Growth in Patients with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage. (United States)

    Xiong, Xin; Li, Qi; Yang, Wen-Song; Wei, Xiao; Hu, Xi; Wang, Xing-Chen; Zhu, Dan; Li, Rui; Cao, Du; Xie, Peng


    BACKGROUND Early hematoma growth is associated with poor outcome in patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). The swirl sign (SS) and the black hole sign (BHS) are imaging markers in ICH patients. The aim of this study was to compare the predictive value of these 2 signs for early hematoma growth. MATERIAL AND METHODS ICH patients were screened for the appearance of the 2 signs within 6 h after onset of symptoms. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of the 2 signs in predicting early hematoma growth were assessed. The accuracy of the 2 signs in predicting early hematoma growth was analyzed by receiver-operator analysis. RESULTS A total of 200 patients were enrolled in this study. BHS was found in 30 (15%) patients, and SS was found in 70 (35%) patients. Of the 71 patients with early hematoma growth, BHS was found on initial computed tomography scans in 24 (33.8%) and SS in 33 (46.5%). The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of BHS for predicting early hematoma growth were 33.8%, 95.3%, 80.0%, and 72.0%, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV of SS were 46.5%, 71.3%, 47.0%, and 71.0%, respectively. The area under the curve was 0.646 for BHS and 0.589 for SS (P=0.08). Multivariate logistic regression showed that presence of BHS is an independent predictor of early hematoma growth. CONCLUSIONS The Black hole sign seems to be good predictor for hematoma growth. The presence of swirl sign on admission CT does not independently predict hematoma growth in patients with ICH.

  3. An Experimental Study on the Effect of Subperiosteal Transplantation of Fracture Site Hematoma: Focus on the Scintigraphic Detection

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    Yang, Seoung Ho [Donga University College of Medicine, Pusan (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Hung Sik; Chang, Kee Hyun; Lee, Myung Chul; Koo, Kyung Hoi; Seung, Sang Chul [Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    It has been reported that hematoma is one of the most crucial factors in fracture healing since callus formation is disturbed by washing out the hematoma near a fracture site. However, it is not clear why the hematoma is important and how it plays a role during the fracture healing. In order to investigate the role of hematoma in the process of fracture healing, the osteogenic potential by subperiosteal transplantation have been studied. Experimental fractures by operation were made at the mid-shaft of the tibia in New Zealand white rabbits. Removal of hematoma at the fracture site was done after 2 and 3 days from experimental fracture, and the removed hematoma was transplanted into the subperiosteal area at the mid-shaft of the ulna of each rabbit. As control groups, we have performed 3 different procedures 1) the hematoma was transplanted into the muscular layers at the thigh and forearm; 2) autologous blood clots were transplanted into the subperiosteal area of the ulna; and 3) sham operation without a transplantation into the subperiosteal area. After transplantation, serial bone scintigraphy and simple radiography were performed at 4 days, 1 week, and 2 weeks to detect an abnormality. The results of bone scintigraphy were positive in 5 of 6 experimental group. However, all in three control groups were negative. Histological observation of the positive bone revealed new bone formation with trabeculation. These results suggest the hematoma in fracture site has osteogenic potential in the subperiosteal area which can be demonstrable by bone scintigraphy and histologic findings. Therefore, it is considered that hematoma of the fracture site plays an important role in the process of fracture healing. Further biochemical investigation using various experimental models is mandatory to apply this preliminary result to the treatment of clinical delayed union or nonunion.

  4. Two cases of subdural hematoma with niveau formation on CT. A study of the cause of niveau formation

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    Shimizu, Satoshi; Fukuda, Atsuhiro; Sato, Masaharu; Kohama, Akitsugu (Kawasaki Medical School, Kurashiki, Okayama (Japan))


    The authors report a case of a bilateral chronic subdural hematoma with niveau formation and another rare case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation on plain CT. The different mechanisms of the niveau formation in these cases are speculated about. The first case was a 75-year-old male who showed a drowsy state, urinary incontinence, and muscle weakness of the bilateral lower limbs. No definite history of head trauma could be found. A plain CT scan showed a bilateral-crescent type fluid collection with niveau formation, consisting of a low-density area in the upper part and a high-density area in the lower part. An operation showed bilateral, moderately encapsulated subdural hematomas; they were evacuated. The second case was a 61-year-old male with head trauma due to a fall from a ladder. On admission, neurological examination revealed a decerebrate posture, a deep coma, and anisocoria. A plain CT scan twenty hours after the onset showed a crescent-type fluid collection with niveau formation in the left fronto-parietal region. The operation showed an acute subdural hematoma containing xanthochromic fluid and coagulated blood. No capsule of hematoma could be seen. The incidence of niveau formation in chronic subdural hematomas is not low (5 - 20%); such niveau formation is thought to be caused by rebleeding into the hematoma and the spending of considerable time in the supine position. On the other hand, no case of an acute subdural hematoma with niveau formation has previously been reported. With regard to this mechanism of niveau formation, we speculate that the hematoma is mixed with cerebrospinal fluid from the arachnoidal tear caused by the head trauma; also, a considerable time in the supine position is necessary.

  5. A rare complication of spinal anesthesia: Intracranial subdural hemorrhage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cengiz Kaplan


    Full Text Available Spinal (subarachnoid anesthesia (SA is a widely used general-purpose anesthesia. Postdural Puncture Headaches (PDPHs represent one of the principal complications of spinal anesthesia. A 21-year-old man underwent inguinal herniorrhaphy and orchiectomy using spinal anesthesia. Postoperatively, our patient started to have a headache with nausea. The patient received symptomatic therapy, but the severe headache persisted even in the supine position, with his vital signs and neurological examination being normal. Cranial MRI showed a bilateral subdural hematoma from his frontal to temporal region. A postdural puncture headache is a frequent complication after spinal anesthesia. However, serious complications, such as an intracranial subdural hemorrhage, can rarely occur. [Arch Clin Exp Surg 2015; 4(1.000: 54-56

  6. Fatal deterioration of delayed acute subdural hematoma after mild traumatic brain injury: two cases with brief review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen Shiwen


    Full Text Available Both delayed posttraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage and epidural hematoma have been well described in the neurosurgical literatures. However, delayed posttraumatic acute subdural hematoma which happens more than a week with a rapid progress after mild traumatic brain injury and causes death of patient is rarely after mild traumatic brain injury: two cases with brief review reported. We show two such cases and briefly review the literature and discuss the probable pathogenesis of their rapid progress. Key words: Hematoma, subdural, acute; Brain injuries; Delayed diagnosis

  7. Retroperitoneal hematoma with bone resorption around the acetabular component after total hip arthroplasty: a case report and review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uchida Kenzo


    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Vascular complications related to cup-fixating screws penetrating the medial acetabular wall during total hip arthroplasty are not uncommon but rarely are associated with serious adverse events in the late post-operative period. Case presentation We present the case of a 77-year-old Japanese woman who developed progressive extensive bone resorption and large hematoma in the acetabulum 13 years after total hip arthroplasty. On admission to our hospital, she was on oral warfarin (1.5mg/day for atrial fibrillation. About 5 months after the initiation of anticoagulant therapy, she suffered a major fall followed by massive subcutaneous and pelvic girdle bleeding, predominantly on the medial side of the right thigh, but a fracture or damage of total hip arthroplasty was not evident on an emergency orthopedic evaluation. One year after the accident, a routine follow-up examination showed an asymptomatic osteolytic lesion in the acetabulum on the right pelvis, and 2 years later our patient noticed progressive pain in her right hip during walking. A large osteolytic lesion was noted in the right acetabulum on a plain radiograph. On high-resolution computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging, a huge granulomatous lesion in the acetabulum was suggestive of chronic hematoma in intrapelvic and extrapelvic gluteal regions. A closer computed tomography examination showed that one of the screws used for fixation of the acetabular component in the total hip arthroplasty had penetrated the acetabular bone and had reached the pelvic cavity. Surgery was performed in a single session by means of two approaches: anterior midline transperitoneal address to resect the low-density mass lesion followed by posterolateral acetabular implant re-settlement. Conclusions Though rare, total hip arthroplasty-related late vascular complications could be serious and potentially affect the limb and quality of life.

  8. Transjugular liver biopsy: histological diagnosis success comparing the trucut to the modified aspiration Ross needle Biopsia hepática transjugular: comparação do sucesso diagnóstico histológico entre as agulhas trucut e a aspirativa modificada de Ross

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Maciel


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Transjugular liver biopsy is an alternative procedure for patients who present contraindications to standard percutaneous procedure. AIM: To compare the rate of histological diagnosis obtained on transjugular liver biopsy with an automated trucut needle and with a modified Ross needle. PATIENTS / METHOD: Eighty-five patients with suspicion of chronic liver diseases and presenting contraindications for percutaneous liver biopsy (coagulopathy, massive ascites, morbid obesity, or chronic renal problems were submitted to 89 transjugular liver biopsies between March 1994 and April 2001 at ''Hospital São José, Irmandade da Santa Casa de Misercórdia'', Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Thirty-five patients underwent 36 biopsies with an automated trucut needle, and 50 patients underwent 53 biopsies with a modified Ross needle. RESULTS: Histological diagnosis was reached in 32/35 subjects submitted to transjugular liver biopsy with the trucut needle (91% and in 35/50 (70% submitted to biopsy with the modified Ross needle. Specimens obtained with the trucut needle were significantly larger and less fragmented than those obtained with the Ross needle. CONCLUSION: Transjugular liver biopsy with the automated trucut needle allowed a higher rate of histological diagnosis when compared to the modified Ross needle in patients with suspicion of chronic liver diseases.RACIONAL: A biopsia hepática transjugular é um procedimento alternativo para pacientes que apresentam contra-indicações ao procedimento padrão (percutâneo. OBJETIVO: Comparar o índice de diagnóstico obtido por meio da biopsia hepática transjugular utilizando uma agulha automatizada trucut e uma agulha Ross modificada. MÉTODOS: Oitenta e cinco pacientes com suspeita de doenças hepáticas crônicas e apresentando contra-indicações para biopsia hepática percutânea (coagulopatia, ascite maciça, obesidade mórbida ou problemas renais crônicos foram submetidos a 89 biopsias hep

  9. Does Post Septoplasty Nasal Packing Reduce Complications?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bijan Naghibzadeh


    Full Text Available The main issues in nasal surgery are to stabilize the nose in the good position after surgery and preserve the cartilages and bones in the favorable situation and reduce the risk of deviation recurrence. Also it is necessary to avoid the synechia formation, nasal valve narrowing, hematoma and bleeding. Due to the above mentioned problems and in order to solve and minimize them nasal packing, nasal splint and nasal mold have been advised. Patients for whom the nasal packing used may faced to some problems like naso-pulmonary reflex, intractable pain, sleep disorder, post operation infection and very dangerous complication like toxic shock syndrome. We have two groups of patients and three surgeons (one of the surgeons used post operative nasal packing in his patients and the two others surgeons did not.Complications and morbidities were compared in these two groups. Comparing the two groups showed that the rate of complication and morbidities between these two groups were same and the differences were not valuable, except the pain and discomfort post operatively and at the time of its removal. Nasal packing has several risks for the patients while its effects are not studied. Septoplasty can be safely performed without postoperative nasal packing. Nasal packing had no main findings that compensated its usage. Septal suture is one of the procedures that can be used as alternative method to nasal packing. Therefore the nasal packing after septoplasty should be reserved for the patients with increased risk of bleeding.

  10. Spontaneous Intramuscular Hematomas of the Abdomen and Pelvis: A New Multilevel Algorithm to Direct Transarterial Embolization and Patient Management

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Popov, Milen [Lausanne University Hospital, Department of Medicine (Switzerland); Sotiriadis, Charalampos; Gay, Frederique; Jouannic, Anne-Marie; Lachenal, Yann; Hajdu, Steven D.; Doenz, Francesco; Qanadli, Salah D., E-mail: [Lausanne University Hospital, Cardio-Thoracic and Vascular Unit, Department of Radiology (Switzerland)


    PurposeTo report our experience using a multilevel patient management algorithm to direct transarterial embolization (TAE) in managing spontaneous intramuscular hematoma (SIMH).Materials and MethodsFrom May 2006 to January 2014, twenty-seven patients with SIMH had been referred for TAE to our Radiology department. Clinical status and coagulation characteristics of the patients are analyzed. An algorithm integrating CT findings is suggested to manage SIMH. Patients were classified into three groups: Type I, SIMH with no active bleeding (AB); Type II, SIMH with AB and no muscular fascia rupture (MFR); and Type III, SIMH with MFR and AB. Type II is furthermore subcategorized as IIa, IIb and IIc. Types IIb, IIc and III were considered for TAE. The method of embolization as well as the material been used are described. Continuous variables are presented as mean ± SD. Categorical variables are reported as percentages. Technical success, clinical success, complications and 30-day mortality (d30 M) were analyzed.ResultsTwo patients (7.5%) had Type IIb, four (15%) Type IIc and 21 (77.5%) presented Type III. The detailed CT and CTA findings, embolization procedure and materials used are described. Technical success was 96% with a complication rate of 4%. Clinical success was 88%. The bleeding-related thirty-day mortality was 15% (all with Type III).ConclusionTAE is a safe and efficient technique to control bleeding that should be considered in selected SIMH as soon as possible. The proposed algorithm integrating CT features provides a comprehensive chart to select patients for TAE.Level of Evidence4.

  11. Spontaneous acute subdural hematoma contralateral to an arachnoid cyst Hematoma subdural agudo espontâneo contralateral a cisto aracnóideo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Gilberto de Brito Henriques


    Full Text Available Arachnoid cysts (AC are extra-cerebral cerebrospinal fluid collections of unknown origin. They correspond to 1% of all intracranial nontraumatic space-occupying lesions and appear more frequently in the middle fossa (50%. More than 25% of these cysts are incidental findings and the majority of patients are asymptomatic. Seizures, intracranial hypertension signs, neurological deficits, macrocrania, developmental delay and bulging of the skull are the main signs and symptoms of the lesion. AC rupture and bleeding are rare, usually occurring in young adults and associated with trauma. The risk of hemorrhage does not exceed 0.04% / year. We describe the case of a ten-year-old boy who presented with acute signs of intracranial hypertension secondary to a spontaneous acute subdural hematoma, contralateral to an AC of the middle fossa. Three factors were significant in this case: signs and symptoms occurred spontaneously; the presence of an acute subdural hematoma exclusively contralateral to the AC; successful outcome of the conservative treatment.Os cistos aracnóideos (CA são coleções liquóricas extra-cerebrais e intra-aracnóideas de origem desconhecida. Correspondem a 1% de todas as lesões expansivas intracranianas não traumáticas e têm nítido predomínio na fossa média (50%. Até 25% destes cistos são achados incidentais sendo que a maioria dos pacientes é assintomática. Crises epilépticas, sinais de hipertensão intracraniana, déficits neurológicos focais, macrocrania, atraso no desenvolvimento e abaulamento da calota craniana são os principais sinais e sintomas da lesão. A ruptura dos CA, assim como seu sangramento, são situações raras, geralmente associadas a traumas e acometem adultos jovens. O risco de hemorragia em pacientes com CA não excede 0,04% ao ano. É descrito caso de paciente de dez anos de idade que subitamente apresentou sinais de hipertensão intracraniana secundários a hematoma subdural agudo espont

  12. Distal aortic intramural hematoma: clinical importance of focal contrast enhancement on CT images. (United States)

    Park, Gyung-Min; Ahn, Jung-Min; Kim, Dae-Hee; Kang, Joon-Won; Song, Jong-Min; Kang, Duk-Hyun; Lim, Tae-Hwan; Song, Jae-Kwan


    To investigate the prevalence, fate, and effect of focal contrast enhancement lesion within the hematoma on contrast material-enhanced computed tomographic (CT) images in patients with distal aortic intramural hematoma (IMH). This retrospective study was approved by the institutional review board; informed consent was waived. Clinical and CT data in 107 patients with distal IMH who received medical treatment were analyzed, including remodeling processes of IMH at follow-up CT. IMH progression was defined as development of aortic dissection (AD) and aneurysm or hematoma increase. The frequency of focal contrast enhancement was 39.3%, and hematoma was thicker in patients with focal contrast enhancement than in those without (12.3 mm ± 3.6 [standard deviation] vs 10.1 mm ± 4.1, P = .006). Although development of AD occurred more frequently in patients with focal contrast enhancement (21% vs 3%, P = .006), hematoma resorption (57% vs 71%) was the most common pattern of remodeling in both groups without any significant difference (P = .148). The frequency of development of aortic aneurysm (17% vs 14%, P = .690) and increase of hematoma (0% vs 5%, P = .278) was not significantly different between groups. The 1-, 3-, 5-, and 7-year survival rates were 96.3% ± 1.8, 95.2% ± 2.1, 87.9% ± 3.4, and 80.7% ± 4.4, respectively. Patients with IMH progression showed lower survival rates than those without (P = .028). While no significant difference in the overall survival rates could be demonstrated in patients with and those without focal contrast enhancement (P = .442), our study had only 17% power to detect a difference of 10%. Initial maximal aortic diameter was the only factor associated with survival rates (hazard ratio = 1.129; 95% confidence interval: 1.063, 1.199). The optimal cutoff for prediction of mortality within 7 years was 41 mm. Urgent intervention for patients with focal contrast enhancement is not necessary during the acute stage, and long-term close

  13. The utility of noncontrast computed tomography in the prompt diagnosis of postoperative complications after percutaneous nephrolithotomy. (United States)

    Gnessin, Ehud; Mandeville, Jessica A; Handa, Shelly E; Lingeman, James E


    Noncontrast computed tomography (CT) is commonly utilized after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) to assess stone-free (SF) status. In addition to assessing SF status, CT is useful in the recognition of complications after PNL. We characterized complications demonstrated by postoperative CT scan and compared hospital re-admission rates based on whether or not CT was performed. We retrospectively reviewed records of 1032 consecutive patients from April 1999 to June 2010. Patients were divided into two cohorts based on whether they had a CT within 24 hours of PNL. Demographic data, CT findings, and need for re-admission for complication management were assessed. Nine hundred fifty-seven patients (92.7%) underwent post-PNL CT. CT-diagnosed complications were perinephric hematoma in 41 (4.3%; 2 requiring embolization and 9 necessitating transfusion), pleural effusion in 25 (2.6%; 10 requiring intervention), colon perforation in 2 (0.2%), and splenic injury in 2 (0.2%). Of patients with postoperative complications, 33% required intervention. Among patients with a CT, 6 (0.6%) were readmitted despite negative postoperative CT (four perinephric hematomas, one calyceal-pleural fistula, and one pseudoaneurysm). The sensitivity of CT for diagnosing complications was 92.7%. Seventy-five patients (7.3%) did not undergo CT post-PNL. Of these, four (5.33%) were readmitted: three for perinephric hematomas and one for ureteral clot obstruction. Patients undergoing post-PNL CT were less likely to be readmitted because of missed complications (p=0.02). Serious post-PNL complications are uncommon, but their prompt diagnosis and treatment is imperative. In addition to identifying residual stones, CT is useful in diagnosing postoperative complications. Postoperative CT could potentially be considered for all patients undergoing PNL, particularly in complex cases such as patients with anatomical abnormalities (renal anatomic abnormality or retrorenal colon), patients requiring upper

  14. Classic Dissection of Thoracic Aorta Complicated by Ascending Aortic Intramural Hematoma: Promt Diagnosis and Successful Endovascular Repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gediminas Rackauskas


    Full Text Available We reported a case of 68-year-old man, with a previous history of hypertension. Patient was admitted to our institution for evaluation of a severe, constant, tearing anterior chest pain radiated to the neck with suspicion of acute aortic dissection. A multidetector computed tomography scan of thorax and abdomen demonstrated a dissection starting from the middle part of aortic arch and extending downward to the descending aorta till the middle part of the thoracic aorta. The dissection was classified as Stanford A, De Bakey I. Surgical treatment of patient was started with bypass graft from the right common carotid artery to the left common carotid with subsequent revascularization of left subclavian artery. Lower parts of above-mentioned arteries were ligated. At the second stage an emergent prosthetic stent-graft was placed distally from the truncus brachiocephalicus up to the proximal part of the descending aorta. We reported a case report to present diagnostic and possible interventional treatment for patient with acute aortic type A dissection.

  15. Association of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt with embolization in the treatment of bleeding duodenal varix refractory to sclerotherapy. (United States)

    Illuminati, G; Smail, A; Azoulay, D; Castaing, D; Bismuth, H


    Bleeding from duodenal varices are often severe (mortality as high as 40%), and more difficult to sclerose than esophageal varices. We report a patient with a bleeding duodenal varix, refractory to sclerotherapy, successfully treated by the association of portosystemic shunt placement and varix embolization, via the same transjugular intrahepatic route. A 40-year-old Black male underwent emergency TIPS and duodenal varix embolization after failure of endoscopic sclerotherapy. The portosystemic pressure gradient droped from 16 to 9 mm Hg following TIPS. At 5 months from TIPS, the patient is well, with a patent shunt at Doppler ultrasound. The present report of successful control of duodenal varix, actively bleeding and refractory to sclerotherapy, by means of combined TIPS and embolization, supports the role of TIPS and suggests that its association to embolization can be valuably considered in the difficult setting of portal hypertension with bleeding duodenal varices. Copyright 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel

  16. Pregnancy Complications: Bacterial Vaginosis (United States)

    ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ... Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Bacterial vaginosis and pregnancy Bacterial vaginosis and pregnancy ...

  17. Pregnancy Complications: Placenta Previa (United States)

    ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ... Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Placenta previa Placenta previa E-mail to a ...

  18. Pregnancy Complications: HELLP Syndrome (United States)

    ... baby Common illnesses Family health & safety Complications & Loss Pregnancy complications Preterm labor & premature birth The newborn intensive care ... Point, NY 10980 Close X Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > HELLP syndrome HELLP syndrome E-mail to a ...

  19. Rate of Contrast Extravasation on Computed Tomographic Angiography Predicts Hematoma Expansion and Mortality in Primary Intracerebral Hemorrhage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brouwers, H. Bart|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/375831932; Battey, Thomas W K; Musial, Hayley H.; Ciura, Viesha A.; Falcone, Guido J.; Ayres, Alison M.; Vashkevich, Anastasia; Schwab, Kristin; Viswanathan, Anand; Anderson, Christopher D.; Greenberg, Steven M.; Pomerantz, Stuart R.; Ortiz, Claudia J.; Goldstein, Joshua N.; Gonzalez, R. Gilberto; Rosand, Jonathan; Romero, Javier M.


    Background and Purpose - In primary intracerebral hemorrhage, the presence of contrast extravasation after computed tomographic angiography (CTA), termed the spot sign, predicts hematoma expansion and mortality. Because the biological underpinnings of the spot sign are not fully understood, we

  20. Effect of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt combined with splenic artery embolization on hepatic hemodynamics and liver function in patients with liver cirrhosis


    LIANG Xiaohua; ZHANG Feng; ZHUGE Yuzheng


    ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) combined with splenic artery embolization (SAE) on hepatic hemodynamics, liver function, and prognosis in patients with liver cirrhosis. MethodsA total of 24 patients who underwent TIPS in the Department of Gastroenterology in Drum Tower Hospital from September 2014 to June 2015 were enrolled and divided into TIPS group (14 patients) and TIPS-SAE group (10 patients) according to whether TIPS was used in...

  1. Warfarin-induced sublingual hematoma mimicking Ludwig angina: Conservative management of a potentially life-threatening condition.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, Emma


    Sublingual hematoma secondary to excessive anticoagulation is a rare, life-threatening condition. Reports in the literature have emphasized the importance of a prompt reversal of the causative coagulopathy by intravenous administration of vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. In the event of an unstable airway, surgical intervention via tracheostomy or cricothyroidectomy is advocated. We report a case of sublingual hematoma that was treated conservatively, and we discuss the presentation and management of this entity.

  2. Warfarin-induced sublingual hematoma mimicking Ludwig angina: Conservative management of a potentially life-threatening condition.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, Emma


    Sublingual hematoma secondary to excessive anticoagulation is a rare, life-threatening condition. Reports in the literature have emphasized the importance of a prompt reversal of the causative coagulopathy by intravenous administration of vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. In the event of an unstable airway, surgical intervention via tracheostomy or cricothyroidectomy is advocated. We report a case of sublingual hematoma that was treated conservatively, and we discuss the presentation and management of this entity.

  3. Acute upper airway obstruction due to retropharyngeal hematoma in a dog with Anaplasma species: a case study


    Vieitez, Verónica; Martín-Cuervo, María; López-Ramis, Víctor; Ezquerra, Luis Javier


    Background Retropharyngeal hematoma is a rare condition that is difficult to diagnose and may progress rapidly to airway obstruction. The authors report the first known case of acute upper airway obstruction resulting from retropharyngeal hematoma in a dog. Documented causes in human medicine have included coagulopathic states, trauma, infection, parathyroid adenoma rupture, and foreign body ingestion. Vague symptoms in humans such as sore throat, shortness of breath, dysphonia, dysphagia, an...

  4. The Accuracy of the Spot Sign and the Blend Sign for Predicting Hematoma Expansion in Patients with Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage. (United States)

    Zheng, Jun; Yu, Zhiyuan; Xu, Zhao; Li, Mou; Wang, Xiaoze; Lin, Sen; Li, Hao; You, Chao


    BACKGROUND Hematoma expansion is associated with poor outcome in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) patients. The spot sign and the blend sign are reliable tools for predicting hematoma expansion in ICH patients. The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of the two signs in the prediction of hematoma expansion. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with spontaneous ICH were screened for the presence of the computed tomography angiography (CTA) spot sign and the non-contrast CT (NCCT) blend sign within 6 hours after onset of symptoms. The sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of the spot sign and the blend sign in predicting hematoma expansion were calculated. The accuracy of the spot sign and the blend sign in predicting hematoma expansion was analyzed by receiver-operator analysis. RESULTS A total of 115 patients were enrolled in this study. The spot sign was observed in 25 (21.74%) patients, whereas the blend sign was observed in 22 (19.13%) patients. Of the 28 patients with hematoma expansion, the CTA spot sign was found on admission CT scans in 16 (57.14%) and the NCCT blend sign in 12 (42.86%), respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the spot sign for predicting hematoma expansion were 57.14%, 89.66%, 64.00%, and 86.67%, respectively. In contrast, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of the blend sign were 42.86%, 88.51%, 54.55%, and 82.80%, respectively. The area under the curve (AUC) of the spot sign was 0.734, which was higher than that of the blend sign (0.657). CONCLUSIONS Both the spot sign and the blend sign seemed to be good predictors for hematoma expansion, and the spot sign appeared to have better predictive accuracy.

  5. Rapid spontaneous resolution and redistribution of acute subdural hematoma in a patient with chronic alcoholism: a case report

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    Tsui, Edmund Yik Kong. E-mail:; Fai Ma, Ka; Cheung, Yu Keung; Chan, Jimmy Hon Mo; Yuen, Ming Keung


    We report a case of a 54-year-old man who had documented traumatic acute subdural hematoma. He suffered from a transient episode of confusion and a follow-up CT scan of brain 6 h after the initial scan showed resolution and redistribution of the subdural hematoma. In this case report, we review the literature for the underlying pathophysiology of this uncommon phenomenon.

  6. No Value of Routine Brain Computed Tomography 6 Weeks after Evacuation of Chronic Subdural Hematoma

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    Pedersen, Christian Bonde; Sundbye, Filippa; Poulsen, Frantz Rom


    Background  The aim of this study was to evaluate the value of planned control postoperative brain computed tomography (CT) scan performed 4 to 6 weeks after the evacuation of chronic subdural hematoma. Materials and Methods  This retrospective study examined 202 patients who during a 2-year period...... was retrieved from patient charts. Results  Overall, 27 out of 202 patients had a recurrence of CSDH and re-evacuation of the hematoma was performed. In all patients recurrence of neurological symptoms preceded the planned postoperative control brain CT 4 to 6 weeks after primary surgery. Conclusion  Routinely...... postoperative control brain CT scan 4 to 6 weeks after the evacuation of a CSDH has no clinical value....

  7. A preliminary study of aquaporin 1 immunolocalization in chronic subdural hematoma membranes. (United States)

    Basaldella, Luca; Perin, Alessandro; Orvieto, Enrico; Marton, Elisabetta; Itskevich, David; Dei Tos, Angelo Paolo; Longatti, Pierluigi


    Aquaporin 1 (AQP1) is a molecular water channel expressed in many anatomical locations, particularly in epithelial barriers specialized in water transport. The aim of this study was to investigate AQP1 expression in chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH) membranes. In this preliminary study, 11 patients with CSDH underwent burr hole craniectomy and drainage. Membrane specimens were stained with a monoclonal antibody targeting AQP1 for immunohistochemical analysis. The endothelial cells of the sinusoid capillaries of the outer membranes exhibited an elevated immunoreactivity to AQP1 antibody compared to the staining intensity of specimens from the inner membrane and normal dura. These findings suggest that the outer membrane might be the source of the increased fluid accumulation responsible for chronic hematoma enlargement.


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    Carlos Fernando Lozano-Tangua


    Full Text Available El hematoma subdural cronico se define como una colección sanguíneo fibrinoide en el espacio existente entre las meninges duramadre y aracnoides, debido a traumas, infecciones (empiema y meningitis, coagulopatías u otras causas. En este se puede precisar durante la intervención quirúrgica la presencia de cápsula o membranas. Entre las diversas causas de hematoma subdural crónico se encuentra la leucemia mieloide crónica que es un síndrome mieloproliferativo, donde se ve una acentuada proliferación de glóbulos blancos de la serie granulocítica, que infiltran la sangre, médula ósea, cerebro entre otros tejidos. Presentamos brevemente un caso de esta interesante y no infrecuente asociación.

  9. Low pressure traumatic epidural hematoma in a child with a prior hemispherectomy: Case report

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    Fassil B Mesfin


    Full Text Available A 2½-year-old male child with a prior history of a left anatomic hemispherectomy to treat refractory epilepsy fell down two steps, striking his head on the ipsilateral side of the hemispherectomy. He presented with non-consolable crying and emesis. CT scan of the head demonstrated a left frontal epidural hematoma beneath the site of his prior craniectomy. The patient was initially treated by close observation. However, due to an increase in the hematoma from 29.5 to 49.3 ml over a 12-hour period along with the patient′s lack of clinical improvement, surgical evacuation was performed. Intraoperatively, the source of the hemorrhage was found to be the skull fracture. Postoperatively, he returned to his neurologic baseline and was discharged home on postoperative day 3.

  10. Medical image of the week: uvula hematoma secondary to endotracheal intubation

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    Natt B


    Full Text Available A 53 year old male with no significant past medical history admitted for acute cholecystitis, underwent an uneventful laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Per anesthesia report, intubation was difficult. A few hours after extubation, he complained of dyspnea and a choking sensation. Examination showed a hematoma of the uvula with elongation and abnormal position of the uvula anterior to the soft palate. The patient was given a dose of intravenous steroids and anti-histamine with resolution of his symptoms over time.

  11. Association between biomarkers and clinical characteristics in chronic subdural hematoma patients assessed with lasso regression.

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    Are Hugo Pripp

    Full Text Available Chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH is characterized by an "old" encapsulated collection of blood and blood breakdown products between the brain and its outermost covering (the dura. Recognized risk factors for development of CSDH are head injury, old age and using anticoagulation medication, but its underlying pathophysiological processes are still unclear. It is assumed that a complex local process of interrelated mechanisms including inflammation, neomembrane formation, angiogenesis and fibrinolysis could be related to its development and propagation. However, the association between the biomarkers of inflammation and angiogenesis, and the clinical and radiological characteristics of CSDH patients, need further investigation. The high number of biomarkers compared to the number of observations, the correlation between biomarkers, missing data and skewed distributions may limit the usefulness of classical statistical methods. We therefore explored lasso regression to assess the association between 30 biomarkers of inflammation and angiogenesis at the site of lesions, and selected clinical and radiological characteristics in a cohort of 93 patients. Lasso regression performs both variable selection and regularization to improve the predictive accuracy and interpretability of the statistical model. The results from the lasso regression showed analysis exhibited lack of robust statistical association between the biomarkers in hematoma fluid with age, gender, brain infarct, neurological deficiencies and volume of hematoma. However, there were associations between several of the biomarkers with postoperative recurrence requiring reoperation. The statistical analysis with lasso regression supported previous findings that the immunological characteristics of CSDH are local. The relationship between biomarkers, the radiological appearance of lesions and recurrence requiring reoperation have been inclusive using classical statistical methods on these data

  12. Complications associated with catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation. (United States)

    Dhruvakumar, S; Gerstenfeld, E P


    Atrial fibrillation is the most common clinical arrhythmia, affecting millions of people worldwide and utilizing billions of dollars annually in heath care costs associated with the disease. Catheter based ablation, centering around the electrical isolation of the pulmonary veins, has emerged as a viable treatment option for patients with symptomatic paroxysmal or persistent atrial fibrillation. Because of the complex nature of the procedure, there are a number of potential complications which can occur which are related to problems with vascular access, mechanical complications resulting from catheter manipulation within the heart, cardioembolic complications, and complications arising from the effects of radiofrequency ablations in the left atrium. The most frequent complications arise from pseudoaneurysms, arterio-venous fistulas, hematomas, neurologic events (stroke and transient ischemic attacks), and pericardial effusion/tamponade. An evolving understanding of the risks of the procedure have helped to minimize complications by changing ablation strategies to avoid lesion delivery within the veins, emphasizing careful attention during the procedure to anticoagulation, utilizing intracardiac ultrasound and electroanatomic mapping systems for better visualization of intracardiac structures, and recognizing complications promptly during and after the procedure. Hopefully, improved techniques in the future will help to further improve the safety of catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation to allow for continued growth of this procedure.

  13. Massive Intrapelvic Hematoma after a Pubic Ramus Fracture in an Osteoporotic Patient

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    Haruki, Funao, E-mail:; Takahiro, Koyanagi [Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kawasaki Municipal Kawasaki Hospital, 12-1 Shinkawadori, Kawasaki-ku, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, 210-0013 (Japan)


    An 88-year-old female presented with a left thigh pain and dysuria. She visited our hospital 2 week after she noticed her symptoms. She stated that she might have a low-energy fall, but she could not identify the exact onset. Her radiograph of the pelvis (Figure 1) showed displaced left pubic ramus fracture. Her computed tomographic scanning of the pelvis (Figure 2) showed massive intrapelvic hematoma (axial size, 11 cm by 5 cm) around the fracture site, although she did not use any anticoagulants. Because her bone mineral density was 0.357 g/cm{sup 2}, and T score was -4.8 SD, she started a bisphosphonate therapy. She received a bed-rest physical therapy for 6 weeks, and the hematoma regressed spontaneously. She started full weight bearing after 6 weeks, and walked by a walker after 8 weeks. Although it is extremely rare to develop massive chronic intra-pelvic hematoma after a lowenergy pubic ramus fracture without any use of anticoagulants, it may occur in elderly and severely osteoporotic patient.

  14. Delayed hemothorax superimposed on extrapleural hematoma after blunt chest injury: a case report. (United States)

    Masuda, Ryota; Ikoma, Yoichiro; Oiwa, Kana; Nakazato, Kenei; Takeichi, Haruka; Iwazaki, Masayuki


    We report a case showing delayed hemothorax superimposed on extrapleural hematoma after blunt chest injury. The patient was a 56-year-old man with a medical history of alcoholic hepatopathy who presented with a chief complaint of dyspnea on exertion. One month prior to presentation, he had sustained a fall that had resulted in left simple rib fracture. A chest radiograph taken at the time of injury showed notable reduction in the permeability of the left lung field along with high pulmonary collapse as well as rightward deviation of the shadow of the inferior mediastinum. Chest CT images showed a region of low absorption in the thoracic cavity with septi. Thoracic drainage was performed (1,300 mL total) and hemothorax was diagnosed. Thoracoscopic examination was then performed. When the inside of the thorax was observed, what had been presumed to be the septi of a multilocular fluid collection was found to be actually the parietal pleura, and a hematoma was confirmed inside the extrapleural cavity. The hematoma inside the extrapleural cavity was managed with lavage and drainage, and drainage tubes were placed inside both the thoracic cavity and extrapleural cavity at the end of the procedure. The patient's postoperative course was uneventful, and he was discharged on postoperative day 4.

  15. [Right sensory-motor syndrome as the presentation of a spontaneous cervico-thoracic epidural hematoma]. (United States)

    Castro, M; Egido, J A; Saldaña, C; Andrés, M T


    A spontaneous cervical epidural hematoma is an infrequent cause of cord compression. The commonest clinical presentations are with paraparesia and tetraparesia. Transient hemiparesia is very rare and a sensory-motor syndrome is exceptional. A 38 year old man had sudden onset of spontaneous interscapular vertebral pain with bilateral root radiation. A few minutes later he started to have weakness and sensory loss in his right limbs. On clinical examination there was pain on pressure over the spinal apophyses of the T4 and T5 vertebrae, hemiparesia and hemi-hypoalgesia of the right limbs. After ten hours this had all returned to normal. MRI of the cord showed an epidural hematoma extending from C6 to T2. Coagulation studies and spinal arteriography were normal. The sensory motor syndrome is an unusual form of presentation of a spontaneous cervico-thoracic epidural hematoma. Root pain is a symptom of great value for orientation of a syndrome which would otherwise seem to be of central origin. The explanation for this clinical findings may be compression of both lateral cord pathways due to their particular blood distribution. Regarding therapeutic approach, this should be conservative, with close observation to see whether it will resolve spontaneously in a short period of time.

  16. Chronic Subdural Hematoma Associated with Thrombocytopenia in a Patient with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in Cameroon

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    Clovis Nkoke


    Full Text Available Hematological abnormalities including thrombocytopenia are common in patients living with HIV infection. Patients with HIV infection related thrombocytopenia present generally with only minor bleeding problems. But cases of subdural hematoma are very rare. A 61-year-old female with a history of HIV infection of 9 years’ duration presented with a 3-month history of generalized headache associated with visual blurring and anterograde amnesia. There was no history of trauma or fever. She was treated empirically for cerebral toxoplasmosis for 6 weeks without any improvement of the symptoms. One week prior to admission, she developed weakness of the left side of the body. Clinical examination revealed left-sided hemiparesis. Computed tomography scan of the brain showed a 25 mm chronic right frontoparietotemporal subdural hematoma compressing the lateral ventricle with midline shift. There was no appreciable cerebral atrophy. A complete blood count showed leucopenia and thrombocytopenia at 92,000 cells/mm3. Her CD4-positive cell count was 48 cells/mm3 despite receiving combination antiretroviral therapy for 9 years. A complete blood count analysis suggestive of thrombocytopenia should raise suspicion of possibilities of noninfectious focal brain lesions like subdural hematoma amongst HIV infected patients presenting with nonspecific neurological symptoms. This will enable prompt diagnosis and allow early appropriate intervention.

  17. Selection of Treatment for Large Non-Traumatic Subdural Hematoma Developed during Hemodialysis

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    Chul Hee Lee


    Full Text Available A 49-year-old man with end-stage renal disease was admitted to the hospital with a severe headache and vomiting. On neurological examination the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS score was 15 and his brain CT showed acute subdural hematoma over the right cerebral convexity with approximately 11-mm thickness and 9-mm midline shift. We chose a conservative treatment of scheduled neurological examination, anticonvulsant medication, serial brain CT scanning, and scheduled hemodialysis (three times per week without using heparin. Ten days after admission, he complained of severe headache and a brain CT showed an increased amount of hemorrhage and midline shift. Emergency burr hole trephination and removal of the hematoma were performed, after which symptoms improved. However, nine days after the operation a sudden onset of general tonic-clonic seizure developed and a brain CT demonstrated an increased amount of subdural hematoma. Under the impression of persistent increased intracranial pressure, the patient was transferred to the intensive care unit (ICU in order to control intracranial pressure. Management at the ICU consisted of regular intravenous mannitol infusion assisted with continuous renal replacement therapy. He stayed in the ICU for four days. Twenty days after the operation he was discharged without specific neurological deficits.

  18. Bilateral ureteral stones and spontaneous perirenal hematoma in a patient with chronic idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. (United States)

    Akyüz, Mehmet; Calışkan, Selahattin; Kaya, Cevdet


    Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is an immune thrombocytopenia with a usually benign clinical course. Bleedings are mostly of the mucocutaneous type with mild symptoms. Massive bleedings requiring transfusion are rarely seen, unless the number of platelets decreases to extremely low levels. In this case, bilateral perirenal hematoma and bilateral distal ureteral stones were detected on a non-contrast computed tomography scan of a 57-year-old male patient who developed macroscopic hematuria during his treatment in the clinics of internal medicine because of left flank pain and diffuse petechial rashes all over his body. The patient, who had been receiving chronic ITP treatment for 1 year, had a very low platelet count (4,000/mm(3)). The patient was prescribed bed rest, and his platelet count increased to a safe level for surgical intervention of above 50,000/mm(3) with administration of prednisolone, intravenous immune globulin, and platelet suspension. A stone-free state was achieved after bilateral ureterorenoscopy and pneumatic lithotripsy. A conservative approach was followed for the perirenal hematoma. Upon regression of the perirenal hematoma, the patient was discharged at 9 weeks postoperatively.

  19. [Anesthetic management for a patient with chronic expanding hematoma of the thorax associated with respiratory failure]. (United States)

    Kurotaki, Kenji; Yoshida, Akiko; Ito, Yosuke; Nagaya, Kei


    Chronic expanding hematoma (CEH) of the thorax is an intractable disease which induces long-standing growing hematoma after tuberculosis or thoracic surgery. It causes respiratory failure and heart failure by compressing the mediastinum. A 68-year-old man with a history of tuberculosis during childhood had suffered from progressive exertional dyspnea for 20 years. Because a huge hematoma occupying whole right thoracic cavity compressed the heart and the trachea to the left, he was scheduled for extrapleural pneumonectomy. Bronchial arterial embolization was performed preoperatively to prevent hemoptysis and reduce intraoperative blood loss. There was no problem in the airway management using a double lumen endotracheal tube. However, severe hypotension and a decrease in cardiac index were observed due to excessive bleeding, leading to total blood loss of 11,000 g. In addition, surgical manipulation caused abrupt severe hypotension. Monitoring of arterial pressure-based cardiac output and deep body temperature was useful for the hemodynamic management during the operation. The successful postoperative course resulted in remarkable improvement of Huge-Jones dyspnea criteria from IV to II. In the anesthetic management of CEH precautions should be taken against the excessive intraoperative bleeding and abrupt hemodynamic changes.

  20. Chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma associated with cavernous angioma--case report. (United States)

    Miyahara, Kosuke; Fujitsu, Kazuhiko; Yagishita, Saburo; Ichikawa, Teruo; Takemoto, Yasunori; Okada, Tomu; Niino, Hitoshi; Shiina, Takeki


    An 80-year-old male presented with a chronic encapsulated intracerebral hematoma (CEIH) with surrounding edema under the right frontal lobe manifesting as slow exacerbation of disturbance of orientation and gait. He had a history of cerebral infarction with an asymptomatic cavernous angioma in the right frontal lobe. The CEIH was diagnosed as bleeding from the cavernous angioma, and surgical removal was performed. The hematoma was chronic and covered by a thick capsule. In addition, mass tissue covered with the organized hematoma was found near the capsule, which was excised and found to be a cavernous angioma. CEIH is a special type of intracerebral hemorrhage, and bleeding from a cavernous angioma is occasionally seen. CEIH should be considered in the case of a hemorrhagic intracranial lesion with a chronic, progressive course with capsule formation and edema around the lesion. The source of bleeding is unknown in about half of the reported cases, and occult vascular malformation may be involved, necessitating care in diagnosis.

  1. Spontaneous Rectus Sheath Hematoma in the Elderly: An Unusual Case and Update on Proper Management

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    George Galyfos


    Full Text Available Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (SRSH is an uncommon medical emergency in the elderly. We present a case of SRSH with an atypical clinical presentation and discuss literature regarding diagnosis and proper management. A 75-year-old female patient was transferred to the emergency department due to acute dyspnoea and confusion. Her medical history revealed a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract, and no coughing or use of anticoagulants. The clinical examination showed tenderness of the left lower abdomen, although palpation was misleading due to patient’s obesity. Laboratory investigations showed light anaemia. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed a large rectus sheath hematoma of the left abdominal wall. Despite further deterioration of the patient, conservative management including bed rest, fluid replacement, blood products transfusion, and proper analgesia was successful. No surgical intervention was needed. Prompt diagnosis and management of SRSH plays significant role in the prognosis, especially in elder patients. Independently of size and severity, conservative management remains the first therapeutic choice. Only by failure of supportive management, progressive and large hematoma or uncontrollable hemodynamic patients, interventional management including surgery or less invasive newer techniques is indicated.

  2. Major femoral vascular access complications after coronary diagnostic and interventional procedures: A Danish register study. (United States)

    Dencker, Ditte; Pedersen, Frants; Engstrøm, Thomas; Køber, Lars; Højberg, Søren; Nielsen, Michael B; Schroeder, Torben V; Lönn, Lars


    Vascular access complications after coronary angiography (CAG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are known to increase morbidity, prolong hospitalization and raise hospital costs. Therefore, risk factor identification and improvement of safety strategies for vascular management are important. We aimed to assess the incidence of major vascular complications related to femoral access, and to identify potential risk factors. Over a period of six years, 23,870 index procedures (CAG) were performed in two centres, prospectively entered in the database and retrospectively analysed. Data was obtained from the Eastern Danish Heart Registry and cross-matched with data from the Danish Vascular Registry. Index procedures were defined as the first trans-femoral procedure. Demographic, procedural and mortality data, as well as information on access complications requiring surgery within 30 days were collected. Mortality data were collected for minimum 12 months. We identified 130 (0.54%) access complications requiring surgery; 65 pseudoaneurysms (0.28%), 46 arterial occlusions (0.19%), 15 hematomas (nine groin and six retroperitoneal hematomas) (0.06%), and 4 arterial dissections (0.02%). Risk factors for complications were left sided femoral access (OR 4.11 [2.29-7.37] pVascular complications related to femoral access in coronary diagnostic and interventional procedures are low (0.54%). Risk factors were left sided access, PAD, and female sex. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Low-Density Lipoprotein and Intracerebral Hematoma Expansion in Daily Alcohol Users

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    Gayle R. Pletsch


    Full Text Available Background: Epidemiological studies suggest that the intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH rate correlates with alcohol consumption. Alcohol leads to elevated blood pressure (BP and inhibition of platelet aggregation. These factors could promote excessive bleeding. To our knowledge, in the setting of normal liver function tests, there are no studies that have systematically evaluated the relationship between daily alcohol use and hematoma expansion. The aim of this study is to compare the baseline ICH characteristics, frequency of hematoma expansion, and outcomes in patients with ICH who are daily alcohol users with those who are not daily alcohol users. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on consecutive patients who presented from July 2008 to July 2013 to the Tulane University Hospital in New Orleans, La., USA, with a spontaneous ICH. Ninety-nine patients who met these criteria were admitted. Patients who underwent hematoma evacuation were excluded. Hemorrhage volumes were calculated based on the ABC/2 method. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL was dichotomized into low (2 and nonparametric equivalents where appropriate. ICH growth in 24 h and LDL were evaluated using linear regression. Results: Of the 226 patients who met inclusion criteria, 20.4% had a history of daily alcohol use. The average age was 61 years (range 19-94, 55.6% of the patients were males, and 67.1% were of African American origin. Daily alcohol use was associated with male gender, lower rate of home antihypertensive, higher presenting BP, and lower platelet counts, but there was no difference in ICH characteristics, ICH growth, or clinical outcome. Daily alcohol use in patients with a low LDL level was associated with supratentorial location and trends for lower baseline Glasgow Coma Scale score, higher ICH score, and follow-up ICH volume, but no significant difference in significant hematoma expansion or clinical outcome except for a trend for higher mortality was found

  4. Arterial cutdown reduces complications after brachial access for peripheral vascular intervention. (United States)

    Kret, Marcus R; Dalman, Ronald L; Kalish, Jeffrey; Mell, Matthew


    Factors influencing risk for brachial access site complications after peripheral vascular intervention are poorly understood. We queried the Society for Vascular Surgery Vascular Quality Initiative to identify unique demographic and technical risks for such complications. The Vascular Quality Initiative peripheral vascular intervention data files from years 2010 to 2014 were analyzed to compare puncture site complication rates and associations encountered with either brachial or femoral arterial access for peripheral vascular intervention. Procedures requiring multiple access sites were excluded. Complications were defined as wound hematoma or access vessel stenosis/occlusion. Univariate and hierarchical logistic regression was used to identify independent factors associated with site complications after brachial access. Of 44,634 eligible peripheral vascular intervention procedures, 732 (1.6%) were performed through brachial access. Brachial access was associated with an increased complication rate compared with femoral access (9.0% vs 3.3%; P access site stenosis/occlusion (2.1% vs 0.4%; P access complications included age, female gender, and sheath size. Complications occurred less frequently after arterial cutdown (4.1%) compared with either ultrasound-guided (11.8%) or fluoroscopically guided percutaneous access (7.3%; P = .07 across all variables). Neither surgeons' overall peripheral vascular intervention experience nor prior experience with brachial access predicted likelihood of adverse events. By multivariate analysis, male gender (odds ratio [OR], 0.48; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.28-0.84; P access complications. Larger sheath sizes (>5F) were associated with increased risk of complications (OR, 2.19; 95% CI, 1.07-4.49; P = .03). Brachial access for peripheral vascular intervention carries significantly increased risks for access site occlusion or hematoma formation. Arterial cutdown and smaller sheath diameters are associated with lower

  5. Sleep disordered breathing as a delayed complication of iatrogenic vocal cord trauma (United States)

    Faiz, Saadia A.; Bashoura, Lara; Kodali, Lavanya; Hessel, Amy C.; Evans, Scott E.; Balachandran, Diwakar


    A case of a 55 year old woman with iatrogenic vocal cord trauma and sleep related symptoms is reported. In particular this case highlights sleep disordered breathing as a delayed complication after iatrogenic vocal cord trauma. The patient developed acute stridor from a contralateral vocal cord hematoma following vocal fold injection for right vocal cord paralysis. Acute respiratory symptoms resolved with oxygen, steroids and nebulized therapy, but nocturnal symptoms persisted and polysomnography revealed sleep-related hypoventilation and mild obstructive sleep apnea. Positive pressure therapy was successfully used to ameliorate her symptoms and treat sleep disordered breathing until her hematoma resolved. In addition to the typically acute respiratory symptoms that may result from vocal cord dysfunction, sleep disordered breathing may also present as a significant sub-acute or chronic problem. Management of the acute respiratory symptoms is relatively well established, but clinicians should be alert for more subtle nocturnal symptoms that may require further study with polysomnography. PMID:27544828

  6. A review of sub acute subdural hematoma (SASDH) with our institutional experience and its management by double barrel technique (DbT): A novel technique


    Tripathy, Soubhagya R.; Swarnakar, Pankaj K.; Mishra, Sanjib; Mishra, Sudhanshu S.; Dhir, Manmath K.; Behera, Sanjay K.; Nath, Pratap C.; Jena, Somnath P.; Mohanta, Itibrata; Das, Deepak; Satapathy, Mani C.; Rout, Sitansu K.; Behera, Bikash R.; Parida, Deepak K.; Rath, Tanushree S.


    Background: Subacute subdural hematoma (SASDH) is an entity which is yet to capture the popular imagination among the neurosurgeons. Its management is often equated clinically to that of the chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH). However, their neurological deterioration is usually rapid, which seems to align them with acute subdural hematoma (ASDH). We proceed for their epidemiological evaluation. The advantages of a novel "double barrel technique (DbT)" over the conventional burrhole drainage ar...

  7. Bowel obstruction from intramural hematoma in two children treated with low molecular weight heparin: Case report and review of the literature

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    Richard M. Schroeder


    Full Text Available Low molecular weight heparin (LMWH is frequently employed in children to prevent extension of intravascular thrombosis. However, this therapy can result in pathologic bleeding, including spontaneous intramural hematoma of the intestinal wall. In this report, we describe two cases of intestinal obstruction resulting from intramural hematomas during therapeutic LMWH therapy in children. The diagnostic studies and management of spontaneous intramural hematoma in children are discussed.

  8. Subdural hematomas in 1846 patients with shunted idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus: treatment and long-term survival. (United States)

    Sundström, Nina; Lagebrant, Marcus; Eklund, Anders; Koskinen, Lars-Owe D; Malm, Jan


    OBJECTIVE Subdural hematoma (SDH) is the most common serious adverse event in patients with shunts. Adjustable shunts are used with increasing frequency and make it possible to noninvasively treat postoperative SDH. The objective of this study was to describe the prevalence and treatment preferences of SDHs, based on fixed or adjustable shunt valves, in a national cohort of patients with shunted idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH), as well as to evaluate the effect of SDH and treatment on long-term survival. METHODS Patients with iNPH who received a CSF shunt in Sweden from 2004 to 2015 were included in a prospective quality registry (n = 1846) and followed regarding SDH, its treatment, and mortality. The treatment of SDH was categorized into surgery, opening pressure adjustments, or no treatment. RESULTS During the study period, the proportion of adjustable shunts increased from 75% to 95%. Ten percent (n = 184) of the patients developed an SDH. In 103 patients, treatment was solely opening pressure adjustment. Surgical treatment was used in 66 cases (36%), and 15 (8%) received no treatment. In patients with fixed shunt valves, 90% (n = 17) of SDHs were treated surgically compared with 30% (n = 49) in patients with adjustable shunts (p SDH and non-SDH groups or between different treatments. CONCLUSIONS SDH remains a common complication after shunt surgery, but adjustable shunts reduced the need for surgical interventions. SDH and treatment did not significantly affect survival in this patient group, thus the noninvasive treatment offered by adjustable shunts considerably reduces the level of severity for this common adverse event.

  9. Management of residual subdural hematoma after burr-hole evacuation. The role of fluid therapy and review of the literature. (United States)

    Montano, Nicola; Stifano, Vito; Skrap, Benjamin; Mazzucchi, Edoardo


    A vast amount of literature has been published investigating the factors associated to the recurrence of a chronic subdural hematoma (SDH). However, little exists in the literature about the best medical management of the residual SDH in order to prevent the recurrence. Moreover only few studies quantitatively assess clinical and radiological outcomes of residual post-operative SDH. In this study, to our knowledge, we report the first series of chronic SDH with a quantitative outcomes analysis of the effects of fluid therapy on residual post-operative SDH. Moreover we discuss the pertinent literature. We reviewed clinical and outcome data of 39 patients (44 SDH; 12 F, 27 M) submitted to a burr-hole evacuation of a SDH. The mean age was 76.97±7.77years. All patients had a minimum 3-month follow-up (FU). Post-operatively, an intravenous saline solution was started in all cases (2000ml in 24h) and administered for 3days. Then an oral hydration with 2l per day of water was started and continued as outpatients. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), SDH volume and midline shift were evaluated pre-operatively, post-operatively and at FU. We found a statistically significant improvement of post-operative and at FU GCS and KPS compared to the pre-operative. SDH volume and midline shift were also statistically significant reduced in the post-operative and at FU. No complication occurred. Only 1 patient required a reoperation at 3months FU for neurological worsening. Oral fluid therapy is a safe and effective treatment for residual SDH. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. The level of circulating endothelial progenitor cells may be associated with the occurrence and recurrence of chronic subdural hematoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan Song


    Full Text Available OBJECTIVES: The onset of chronic subdural hematoma may be associated with direct or indirect minor injuries to the head or a poorly repaired vascular injury. Endothelial progenitor cells happen to be one of the key factors involved in hemostasis and vascular repair. This study was designed to observe the levels of endothelial progenitor cells, white blood cells, platelets, and other indicators in the peripheral blood of patients diagnosed with chronic subdural hematoma to determine the possible relationship between the endothelial progenitor cells and the occurrence, development, and outcomes of chronic subdural hematoma. METHOD: We enrolled 30 patients with diagnosed chronic subdural hematoma by computer tomography scanning and operating procedure at Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from July 2009 to July 2011. Meanwhile, we collected 30 cases of peripheral blood samples from healthy volunteers over the age of 50. Approximately 2 ml of blood was taken from veins of the elbow to test the peripheral blood routine and coagulation function. The content of endothelial progenitor cells in peripheral blood mononuclear cells was determined by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The level of endothelial progenitor cells in peripheral blood was significantly lower in preoperational patients with chronic subdural hematomas than in controls. There were no significant differences between the two groups regarding the blood routine and coagulation function. However, the levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells were significantly different between the recurrent group and the non-recurrent group. CONCLUSIONS: The level of circulating endothelial progenitor cells in chronic subdural hematoma patients was significantly lower than the level in healthy controls. Meanwhile, the level of endothelial progenitor cells in recurrent patients was significantly lower than the level in patients without recurrence. Endothelial progenitor cells may be related to the

  11. Island Sign: An Imaging Predictor for Early Hematoma Expansion and Poor Outcome in Patients With Intracerebral Hemorrhage. (United States)

    Li, Qi; Liu, Qing-Jun; Yang, Wen-Song; Wang, Xing-Chen; Zhao, Li-Bo; Xiong, Xin; Li, Rui; Cao, Du; Zhu, Dan; Wei, Xiao; Xie, Peng


    The aim of the study was to investigate the usefulness of the computed tomography (CT) island sign for predicting early hematoma growth and poor functional outcome. We included patients with spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) who had undergone baseline CT within 6 hours after ICH symptom onset in our hospital between July 2011 and September 2016. Two readers independently assessed the presence of the island sign on the admission noncontrast CT scan. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the association between the presence of the island sign on noncontrast admission CT and early hematoma growth and functional outcome. A total of 252 patients who met the inclusion criteria were analyzed. Among them, 41 (16.3%) patients had the island sign on baseline noncontrast CT scans. In addition, the island sign was observed in 38 of 85 patients (44.7%) with hematoma growth. Multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that the time to baseline CT scan, initial hematoma volume, and the presence of the island sign on baseline CT scan independently predicted early hematoma growth. The sensitivity of the island sign for predicting hematoma expansion was 44.7%, specificity 98.2%, positive predictive value 92.7%, and negative predictive value 77.7%. After adjusting for the patients' age, baseline Glasgow Coma Scale score, presence of intraventricular hemorrhage, presence of subarachnoid hemorrhage, admission systolic blood pressure, baseline ICH volume, and infratentorial location, the presence of the island sign (odds ratio, 3.51; 95% confidence interval, 1.26-9.81; P=0.017) remained an independent predictor of poor outcome in patients with ICH. The island sign is a reliable CT imaging marker that independently predicts hematoma expansion and poor outcome in patients with ICH. The noncontrast CT island sign may serve as a potential marker for therapeutic intervention. © 2017 American Heart Association, Inc.

  12. Pregnancy Complications: Gonorrhea (United States)

    ... online community Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Gonorrhea Gonorrhea E-mail to a friend Please fill in ... gonorrhea each year in the United States. Can gonorrhea cause complications during pregnancy and for your baby? ...

  13. Anatomic and radiologic correlations in spontaneous hematomas of the rectus abdomninis muscles; Correlazioni anatomo-radiologiche negli ematomi spontanei dei muscoli retti dell'addome

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    Cavagna, E.; Carubia, G.; Schiavon, F. [Ospedale di S. Martino, Unita' Operativa Autonoma di Radiologia, Belluno (Italy)


    findings and explains the reason why most hematomas are found in the lower third of the muscle. The diagnosis, whether clinical or based on imaging findings, needs accurate pathoanatomic knowledge of the anterior abdominal wall. Once the diagnosis has been confirmed (by US or CT) patients should be treated conservatively as those that are operated are at risk of developing complications, mainly hemorrhagic. [Italian] Gli ematomi spontanei dei muscoli retti dell'addome sono frequenti ma talvolta misconosciuti nei pazienti con diatesi emorragiche, in terapia anticoagulante, negli emodializzati, negli anziani. La localizzazione di gran lunga piu' frequente e' nei quadranti inferiori dell'addome. Scopo del presente lavoro - partendo dalla descrizione della peculiare anatomia della parete addominale, in particolare della linea arcuata o semicircolare di Douglas - e' di interpretarne il motivo correlando i quadri anatomici con i rilievi TC. Il muscolo retto dell'addome e' compreso fra le aponevrosi dei muscoli obliqui e trasverso che formano la cosiddetta guaina del retto. Tale disposizione si riscontra dall'arcata costale fino a meta' distanza fra l'ombelico e la sinfisi publica, ove la lamina posteriore della guaina del retto termina con un margine ricurvo, detto linea semicircolare di Douglas. Al di sotto di questa linea le aponevrosi dei tre muscoli passano davanti al retto che si ritrova separato dal peritoneo solo per l'interposizione della fascia trasversale, sottile strato connettivale interposto tra il retto e il tessuto adiposo preperitoneale. Nella regione addominale inferiore l'arteria epigrastrica inferiore e i suoi rami perforanti, decorrendo liberi nel cellulare lasso preperitoneale possono, rompendosi, provocare un vasto ematoma. Dal 1995 al 1999 sono stati osservati 11 casi di ematoma spontaneo dei muscoli retti dell'addome: tutti i pazienti sono giunti allo studio ecografico per la rapida

  14. A low or high BMI is a risk factor for renal hematoma after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for kidney stones. (United States)

    Nussberger, Fabio; Roth, Beat; Metzger, Tobias; Kiss, Bernhard; Thalmann, George N; Seiler, Roland


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate risk factors for renal hematoma after extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) for kidney stones in a matched case-control analysis of a subgroup of patients recruited from a prospective randomized cohort. Between 06/2010 and 03/2013, 418 patients underwent SWL with the MODULITH®-SLX-F2-lithotripter for kidney stones. In 39/418 patients (9 %), ultrasound at post-treatment day 1 revealed renal hematomas. For 37 of these patients, a matched group without hematoma could be selected according to the following matching criteria: age, gender, number and energy of shock waves, stone burden and localization. Risk factors for renal hematoma after SWL were compared between the two groups. The rates of diabetes, stopped anticoagulant/antiplatelet medications and arterial hypertension were not different between the two groups (p > 0.2). The skin-kidney distance was virtually the same in both groups (p = 0.5). In the hematoma group, significantly more patients had a high (>30: n = 16) as well as a low (30) or low (<21.5) BMI had a higher risk for renal damage after SWL. Therefore, alternative endoscopic treatment options should be considered in these patients.

  15. Spontaneous Neck Hematoma in a Patient with Fibromuscular Dysplasia: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature

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    Oded Cohen


    Full Text Available Background. Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD is a vascular disease that may present as aneurysms in the cervical arteries. Spontaneous neck hematoma is a rare life threatening medical condition. This is the first report of neck hematoma in a patient with FMD. Methods and Results. We present a case of a 69-year-old woman, with diagnosed cervical FMD and a 3-day history of sore throat and neck pain, who presented with enlarging neck hematoma. No active bleeding was noticed on CT angiography, airway was not compromised, and patient was managed conservatively. Next day, invasive angiography was performed, and no bleeding vessel was demonstrated. Patient has improved and was discharged after 5 days of hospitalization. We have discussed the different etiology of this condition, focusing on systemic vascular diseases. Conclusion. Complaint of neck pain in a patient with a FMD should raise suspicion for possible neck hematoma. Conversely, spontaneous neck hematoma without clear etiology should raise suspicion for a systemic vascular disease.

  16. complications des otites moyennes chroniques complications of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    logique, avec dans l'ordre de fréquence : Proteus mirabi- lis(40%), Staphylococcus aureus (15%), et Pseudomonas aeruginosa (15%). 3-5- Répartition des complications : La répartition des complications est donnée tableaux III et IV.Dix-neuf (19) (33%) patients présentaient plus d'une complication, soit au total 76 cas de ...

  17. Drain Insertion in Chronic Subdural Hematoma: An International Survey of Practice. (United States)

    Soleman, Jehuda; Kamenova, Maria; Lutz, Katharina; Guzman, Raphael; Fandino, Javier; Mariani, Luigi


    To investigate whether, after the publication of grade I evidence that it reduces recurrence rates, the practice of drain insertion after burr-hole drainage of chronic subdural hematoma has changed. Further, we aimed to document various practice modalities concerning the insertion of a drain adopted by neurosurgeons internationally. We administered a survey to neurosurgeons worldwide with questions relating to the surgical treatment of chronic subdural hematoma, with an emphasis on their practices concerning the use of a drain. The preferred surgical technique was burr-hole drainage (89%). Most surgeons prefer to place a drain (80%), whereas in 56% of the cases the reason for not placing a drain was brain expansion after evacuation. Subdural drains are placed by 50% and subperiosteal drains by 27% of the responders, whereas 23% place primarily a subdural drain if possible and otherwise a subperiosteal drain. Three quarters of the responders leave the drain for 48 hours and give prophylactic antibiotic treatment, mostly a single-shot dose intraoperatively (70%). Routine postoperative computed tomography is done by 59% mostly within 24-48 hours after surgery (94%). Adjunct treatment to surgery rarely is used (4%). The publication of grade I evidence in favor of drain use influenced positively this practice worldwide. Some surgeons are still reluctant to insert a drain, especially when the subdural space is narrow after drainage of the hematoma. The insertion of a subperiosteal drain could be a good alternative solution. However, its outcome and efficacy must be evaluated in larger studies. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Evidence-based assessment of well-established interventions: the parachute and the epidural hematoma. (United States)

    Nelson, Kyle S; Brearley, Ann M; Haines, Stephen J


    The methods of evidence-based medicine are a relatively recent development in the understanding of clinical practice. They are criticized as not providing support for interventions long held to be highly effective based on experience that predated the availability of evidence-based analysis. To determine if the methods of evidence-based medicine can be successfully applied to interventions established before those methods were developed. Systematic review of English language literature on the natural history and treated prognosis of acute epidural hematoma and analysis of existing data on mortality associated with parachute use. Sources of data included Medline, Old Medline, Science Citation Index, British and US Parachute Associations, and Federal Aviation Administration and National Transportation Safety Board databases (both of the United States). Also included were national databases reporting mortality and total number of parachute uses. The estimated mortality of falling from an airplane with an ineffective parachute is 74% (69-79). Mortality associated with effective parachute deployment is between 0.0011% and 0.0017%. For acute epidural hematoma, estimated mortality is 98.54% (95.1-99.9) without treatment and 12.9% (10.5-15.3) with treatment. The number needed to treat to prevent 1 death for the parachute is estimated to be 1.35 (1.27-1.45) and for epidural hematoma 1.17 (1.13-1.22) (95% binomial confidence intervals in parentheses). The methods of evidence-based medicine are robust and can deal with interventions of great face validity and those considered well established before such methods were well developed. We propose initial criteria for evaluating the quality of evidence supporting long-established interventions.

  19. On-site Rapid Diagnosis of Intracranial Hematoma using Portable Multi-slice Microwave Imaging System (United States)

    Mobashsher, Ahmed Toaha; Abbosh, A. M.


    Rapid, on-the-spot diagnostic and monitoring systems are vital for the survival of patients with intracranial hematoma, as their conditions drastically deteriorate with time. To address the limited accessibility, high costs and static structure of currently used MRI and CT scanners, a portable non-invasive multi-slice microwave imaging system is presented for accurate 3D localization of hematoma inside human head. This diagnostic system provides fast data acquisition and imaging compared to the existing systems by means of a compact array of low-profile, unidirectional antennas with wideband operation. The 3D printed low-cost and portable system can be installed in an ambulance for rapid on-site diagnosis by paramedics. In this paper, the multi-slice head imaging system’s operating principle is numerically analysed and experimentally validated on realistic head phantoms. Quantitative analyses demonstrate that the multi-slice head imaging system is able to generate better quality reconstructed images providing 70% higher average signal to clutter ratio, 25% enhanced maximum signal to clutter ratio and with around 60% hematoma target localization compared to the previous head imaging systems. Nevertheless, numerical and experimental results demonstrate that previous reported 2D imaging systems are vulnerable to localization error, which is overcome in the presented multi-slice 3D imaging system. The non-ionizing system, which uses safe levels of very low microwave power, is also tested on human subjects. Results of realistic phantom and subjects demonstrate the feasibility of the system in future preclinical trials.

  20. Neonatal Adrenal Hemorrhage Associated with Scrotal Hematoma: An Unusual Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li-Jen Lai


    Full Text Available Neonatal adrenal hemorrhage (NAH is rare and is found in only 0.2% of newborns. Scrotal hematoma (SH in newborns is also rare. NAH associated with SH is extremely rare, with only 29 cases reported in the literature. Herein, we report a baby boy who presented with SH; after ultrasonography examinations, the diagnosis of NAH associated with SH was made. He received conservative treatment only. From our experience and that of others, appropriate integration of clinical information, physical examination and the results of abdominal and scrotal ultrasonography can achieve the accurate diagnosis of NAH associated with SH. This association allows conservative treatment that avoids unnecessary surgical exploration.

  1. Spontaneous Lumbar Artery Bleeding and Retroperitoneal Hematoma in a Patient Treated with Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy

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    Jin Kyung Park


    Full Text Available Rupture of the lumbar artery is usually associated with trauma but rarely has been reported in association with anticoagulation. We present a 71-year-old man who developed spontaneous rupture of the lumbar artery leading to a retroperitoneal hematoma while receiving continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT. The bleeding was confirmed by computed tomography and angiography and was controlled successfully using selective angiographic embolization. We suggest that spontaneous retroperitoneal bleeding should be considered in a case of sudden decrease in hemoglobin in a CRRT patient.

  2. MR imaging of shaken baby syndrome manifested as chronic subdural hematoma

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    Lee, Yul; Lee, Kwan Seop; Hwang, Dae Hyun; Lee, In Jae; Kim, Hyun Beom; Lee, Jae Young [Hallym University College of Medicine, Anyang (Korea, Republic of)


    Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) is a form of child abuse that can cause significant head injuries, of which subdural hematoma (SDH) is the most common manifestation. We report the MRI findings of chronic SDH in three cases of SBS, involving two-, three- and eight-month-old babies. The SDH signal was mostly low on T1-weighted images and high on T2-weighted images, suggesting chronic SDH. In chronic SDH, a focal high signal on T1-weighted images was also noted, suggesting rebleeding. Contrast-enhanced MRI revealed diffuse dural enhancement.

  3. Bilateral Ossified Chronic Subdural Hematoma Presenting as Diabetes Insipidus-Case Report and Literature Review. (United States)

    Siddiqui, Saquib A; Singh, Pankaj Kumar; Sawarkar, Dattaraj; Singh, Manmohanjit; Sharma, Bhawani S


    Calcified chronic subdural hematomas are an occurrence rarely seen in neurosurgical clinical practice. And when they occur bilaterally, the radiologic image they present is fascinating, as is the clinical presentation, but their management may be challenging. They have been reported to present with a multitude of neurologic deficits but never with diabetes insipidus, which is described here. Due to the rarity of this pathology, the management protocol is not well defined, though there have been quite a few papers on this condition. This review article gathers information published over the years on this rare entity to suggest a treatment protocol. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Surgical and medical management for complications in 475 consecutive pediatric cochlear implantations. (United States)

    Tarkan, Özgür; Tuncer, Ülkü; Özdemir, Süleyman; Sürmelioğlu, Özgür; Çetik, Fikret; Kıroğlu, Mete; Kayıkçıoğlu, Erhan; Kara, Karahan


    The purpose of this study is to assess complications occurring after cochlear implantation (CI) in children and to discuss revision surgeries and medical interventions occurring during follow-up. Retrospective study of 475 consecutive pediatric cochlear implantations at a tertiary referral center. The patients (n = 475) who received cochlear implants in our institution between March 2000 and March 2012 were followed up (range, 5 months-12 years). All complications were systematically reviewed, and their causes were analyzed for prevention and therapy. All children received unilateral CI. Mean age at implantation was 3 years 7 months (ranged from 10 months to 18 years). Forty-three patients (9%) experienced complications. Twenty-one patients (4.4%) had major complications, consisting of device failure (10 patients), flap necrosis (4 patients), meningitis (2 patients), electrode shifting (2 patients), hematoma (2 patients) and magnet migration (1 patient). Twenty-two (4.6%) had minor complications, consisting of acute otitis media (5 patients), skin lesion due to pressure reaction in contralateral ear during surgery (4 patients), flap swelling (3 patients), minor wound infection (3 patients), transient facial paralysis (2 patients), transient vertigo (2 patients), hematoma (1 patient), facial stimulation (1 patient), subcutaneous emphysema (1 patient). Complications led to reimplantation in 13 (30.2%) and other revision surgery in 7 (16.2%) of the 43 patients. One patient with meningitis cured with medical treatment and 22 patients with minor complications cured with either medical treatment or spontaneously. Cochlear implantation is a safe technique in experienced hands with a relatively low complication rate. Long term follow up is mandatory to minimize and control surgical complication. Crown Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. Intrasylvian hematoma caused by ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysms predicts recovery from poor-grade subarachnoid hemorrhage. (United States)

    Fukuda, Hitoshi; Hayashi, Kosuke; Moriya, Takafumi; Nakashita, Satoru; Lo, Benjamin W Y; Yamagata, Sen


    Intrasylvian hematoma (ISH) is a subtype of intracranial hematoma caused by aneurysmal rupture and often presents with a poor initial neurological grade; it is not well studied. The aim of this study was to elucidate outcomes of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with ISH. Data for 97 patients with poor-grade SAH (World Federation of Neurosurgical Societies Grade IV or V) were retrospectively analyzed from a single-center, prospective, observational cohort database. Ultra-early surgical clipping, removal of hematoma, external decompression for brain swelling, and prevention of vasospasm by cisternal irrigation with milrinone were combined as an aggressive treatment. Characteristics and clinical courses of SAH with ISH were identified. The authors also evaluated any correlations between poor admission-grade SAH and ISH with good functional outcome. Patients with poor admission-grade SAH and with ISH were more likely to have initial cerebral edema (p grade by multivariable analysis. ISH predicted good functional recovery from poor-grade aneurysmal SAH.

  6. Association between portal vein pressure drop gradient after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt and clinical prognosis

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    XU Zhengguo


    Full Text Available ObjectiveTo investigate the association between portal vein pressure drop gradient in patients with cirrhotic portal hypertension treated by transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS and clinical prognosis, as well as the ideal range of portal vein pressure drop. MethodsA total of 58 patients who underwent TIPS in Xinqiao Hospital of Third Military Medical University from November 2013 to December 2015 were enrolled. All the patients underwent TIPS and embolization of the gastric coronary vein and the short gastric veins, and the change intervals of portal vein pressure gradient were monitored. The follow-up time ranged from 3 days to 2 years, and the association of portal vein pressure drop gradient with postoperative liver function, splenic function, rebleeding rate, hepatic encephalopathy, and portal hypertensive gastrointestinal diseases was analyzed. The paired t-test was used for comparison of parameters before and after treatment. ResultsThe patients had a significant reduction in liver function on day 3 after surgery. At 2 month after surgery, the levels of TBil was rised and had significant changes[(49.81±27.82μmol/L vs (31.64±17.67 μmol/L,t=5.372,P<0.001]. At 6 months after surgery, red blood cell count and platelet count had no significant changes,but,white blood cell count was reduced[(3.79±1.37)×109/L vs (4.57±2.24×109/L,t=2.835,P=0.006]. There was a 23% reduction in portal vein pressure after surgery (from 30.62±3.56 mmHg before surgery to 21.21±2.90 mmHg after surgery, t=23.318,P<0.001. All the patients had varying degrees of relief of gastrointestinal symptoms associated with portal vein hypertension, such as abdominal distension, poor appetite, and diarrhea. Of all patients, none experienced in-stent restenosis or occlusion and 13 experienced hepatic encephalopathy after surgery, which tended to occur at the time when postoperative portal vein pressure was reduced to 14.7-25.7 mmHg, i

  7. Three-dimensional C-arm CT-guided transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt placement: Feasibility, technical success and procedural time

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    Ketelsen, Dominik; Groezinger, Gerd; Maurer, Michael; Grosse, Ulrich; Horger, Marius; Nikolaou, Konstantin; Syha, Roland [University of Tuebingen, Department of Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Tuebingen (Germany); Lauer, Ulrich M. [University of Tuebingen, Internal Medicine I, Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Infectious disease, Tuebingen (Germany)


    Establishment of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS) constitutes a standard procedure in patients suffering from portal hypertension. The most difficult step in TIPS placement is blind puncture of the portal vein. This study aimed to evaluate three-dimensional mapping of portal vein branches and targeted puncture of the portal vein. Twelve consecutive patients suffering from refractory ascites by liver cirrhosis were included in this retrospective study to evaluate feasibility, technical success and procedural time of C-arm CT-targeted puncture of the portal vein. As a control, 22 patients receiving TIPS placement with fluoroscopy-guided blind puncture were included to compare procedural time. Technical success could be obtained in 100 % of the study group (targeted puncture) and in 95.5 % of the control group (blind puncture). Appropriate, three-dimensional C-arm CT-guided mapping of the portal vein branches could be achieved in all patients. The median number of punctures in the C-arm CT-guided study group was 2 ± 1.3 punctures. Procedural time was significantly lower in the study group (14.8 ± 8.2 min) compared to the control group (32.6 ± 22.7 min) (p = 0.02). C-arm CT-guided portal vein mapping is technically feasible and a promising tool for TIPS placement resulting in a significant reduction of procedural time. (orig.)

  8. Evaluation of Doppler-ultrasonography in the diagnosis of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt dysfunction: A prospective study. (United States)

    Nicolas, Charlotte; Le Gouge, Amélie; d'Alteroche, Louis; Ayoub, Jean; Georgescu, Monica; Vidal, Vincent; Castaing, Denis; Cercueil, Jean-Pierre; Chevallier, Patrick; Roumy, Jérôme; Trillaud, Hervé; Boyer, Louis; Le Pennec, Vincent; Perret, Christophe; Giraudeau, Bruno; Perarnau, Jean-Marc; Stic-Tips Group


    To prospectively evaluate the performance of Doppler-ultrasonography (US) for the detection of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) dysfunction within a multicenter cohort of cirrhotic patients. This study was conducted in 10 french teaching hospitals. After TIPS insertion, angiography and liver Doppler-US were carried out every six months to detect dysfunction (defined by a portosystemic gradient ≥ 12 mmHg and/or a stent stenosis ≥ 50%). The association between ultrasonographic signs and dysfunction was studied by logistic random-effects models, and the diagnostic performance of each Doppler criterion was estimated by the bootstrap method. This study was approved by the ethics committee of Tours. Two hundred and eighteen pairs of examinations performed on 87 cirrhotic patients were analyzed. Variables significantly associated with dysfunction were: The speed of flow in the portal vein ( P = 0.008), the reversal of flow in the right ( P = 0.038) and left ( P = 0.049) portal branch, the loss of modulation of portal flow by the right atrium ( P = 0.0005), ascites ( P = 0.001) and the overall impression of the operator ( P = 0.0001). The diagnostic performances of these variables were low; sensitivity was Doppler-US. The performance of Doppler-US for the detection of TIPS dysfunction is poor compared to angiography. New tools are needed to improve diagnosis of TIPS dysfunction.

  9. Yttrium-90 radioembolization for the treatment of unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma in patients with transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts. (United States)

    Donahue, Laurence A; Kulik, Laura; Baker, Talia; Ganger, Daniel R; Gupta, Ramona; Memon, Khairuddin; Abecassis, Michael M; Salem, Riad; Lewandowski, Robert J


    To evaluate the toxicity and response to radioembolization with yttrium-90 ((90)Y) glass microspheres in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and existing transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunts (TIPS). For treatment of unresectable HCC, 12 patients with a patent TIPS underwent a total of 21 infusions of (90)Y. Toxicity within 90 days of treatment was assessed according to the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v4.0). Imaging response within the index lesion was assessed using the World Health Organization (WHO) and European Association for the Study of the Liver (EASL) guidelines. Survival was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method. All patients had a patent TIPS on imaging before treatment. Clinical toxicities included fatigue (83%), encephalopathy (33%), and abdominal pain (25%). Three patients (25%) experienced new grade 3 or 4 bilirubin toxicity. Imaging response was achieved in 50% and 67% of patients according to WHO and EASL criteria. Six patients (50%) went on to liver transplantation. Median survival censored for liver transplantation was 498 days (95% confidence interval [CI],100-800 d), and uncensored median survival was 827 days (95% CI, 250-2,400 d). (90)Y radioembolization may be a safe and effective treatment for patients with unresectable HCC and existing TIPS. This minimally embolic therapy may be particularly useful as a bridge to curative liver transplantation. Copyright © 2013 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. [Complications of supratemporalis approach with scalp coronal incision for orbital-zygomatic fracture]. (United States)

    Yanan, Wang; Yanli, Huang; Dilxat, Dilnur; Weilong, Liu; Hui, Li; Yi, Wang; Lei, Liu


    This study aimed to examine the complications of supratemporalis approach with scalp coronal incision for the treatment of orbital-zygomatic fractures. A total of 206 patients with orbital-zygomatic fractures were treated with scalp coronal incision through the supratemporalis approach. The effects and complications of the treatment were analyzed. The degree of fracture of the 206 patients was successfully reduced. The facial morphologies and functions were improved. No facial nerve injury was observed in all of the cases. However, the following complications were noted: fossa introcession in 1 case, forehead scalp pain or paresthesia in 11 cases, incision infection in 1 case, subcutaneous hematoma in 1 case, incision scar in 5 cases, and alopecia in 3 cases. The supratemporalis approach prevents facial nerve injury and does not increase the frequency of other complications. Therefore, this approach can be applied as a routine and safe procedure in clinical settings. 

  11. Rediscovering the wound hematoma as a site of hemostasis during major arterial hemorrhage. (United States)

    White, N J; Mehic, E; Wang, X; Chien, D; Lim, E; St John, A E; Stern, S A; Mourad, P D; Rieger, M; Fries, D; Martinowitz, U


    Treatments for major internal bleeding after injury include permissive hypotension to decrease the rate of blood loss, intravenous infusion of plasma or clotting factors to improve clot formation, and rapid surgical hemostasis or arterial embolization to control bleeding vessels. Yet, little is known regarding major internal arterial hemostasis, or how these commonly used treatments might influence hemostasis. (i) To use a swine model of femoral artery bleeding to understand the perivascular hemostatic response to contained arterial hemorrhage. (ii) To directly confirm the association between hemodynamics and bleeding velocity. (iii) To observe the feasibility of delivering an activated clotting factor directly to internal sites of bleeding using a simplified angiographic approach. Ultrasound was used to measure bleeding velocity and in vivo clot formation by elastography in a swine model of contained femoral artery bleeding with fluid resuscitation. A swine model of internal pelvic and axillary artery hemorrhage was also used to demonstrate the feasibility of local delivery of an activated clotting factor. In this model, clots formed slowly within the peri-wound hematoma, but eventually contained the bleeding. Central hemodynamics correlated positively with bleeding velocity. Infusion of recombinant human activated factor VII into the injured artery near the site of major internal hemorrhage in the pelvis and axillae was feasible. We rediscovered that clot formation within the peri-wound hematoma is an integral component of hemostasis and a feasible target for the treatment of major internal bleeding using activated clotting factors delivered using a simplified angiographic approach. © 2015 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

  12. A rare presentation of ruptured interstitial ectopic pregnancy with broad ligament hematoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmed M. Abbas


    Full Text Available Ectopic pregnancy is a major cause of maternal morbidity and mortality in the first trimester. Interstitial type is the most dangerous variety with a high risk of life-threatening internal hemorrhage. Obstetricians need a high index of suspicion to diagnose such rare type. We are reporting a rare case of ruptured interstitial ectopic pregnancy presented with a large broad ligament hematoma early in the first trimester. A 25-year-old woman was presented with gradual onset of increasing abdominal pain after 6 weeks of amenorrhea. She had a positive urinary pregnancy test. Abdominal ultrasound revealed bulky empty uterus and ill-defined mass at the right side of the uterus. On exploration, incision and drainage of broad ligament hematoma were performed in addition to right salpingectomy. Interstitial ectopic pregnancy represents a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge and frequently constitutes an obstetrical emergency. Its rupture early in the first trimester should be expected. Early diagnosis and proper management are the most important issues to avoid its catastrophic consequences.

  13. Hematoma cerebelar espontâneo: análise de 23 casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. P. Rial


    Full Text Available Uma série de 23 pacientes com hematoma espontâneo de cerebelo é analisada retrospectivamente, mostrando que: todos apresentavam algum grau de diminuição do nível de consciência e cefaléia; 12 apresentavam déficits motores dentre os sinais clínicos mais importantes. Dos antecedentes patológicos destacam-se hipertensão arterial (69,5% e diabetes (34%, havendo associação de ambos em 30% dos casos. Dos aspectos da tomografia computadorizada (TC mais relevantes a dilatação ventricular aguda, encontrada em 69,5% dos pacientes, associada ou não a presença de sangue intraventricular, é considerada sinal de mau prognóstico, indicando por si só terapêutica de urgência. A melhor abordagem cirúrgica para a maioria desses casos é a drenagem ventricular externa de urgência, reservando a craniectomia da fossa posterior para esvaziamento do hematoma para casos específicos. A mortalidade e a morbidade desta patologia é alta; porém, pela TC o diagnóstico se tornou mais rápido e eficiente. Os pacientes desta série puderam beneficiar-se deste procedimento, como se verifica quando comparados a pacientes de outras séries, diagnosticados por outros métodos.

  14. Hemostatic proteins and their association with hematoma growth in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage. (United States)

    Martí-Fàbregas, Joan; Borrell, Montserrat; Silva, Yolanda; Delgado-Mederos, Raquel; Martínez-Ramírez, Sergi; de Juan-Delago, Manuel; Tirado, Isabel; Alejaldre, Aída; Marín, Rebeca; Martí-Vilalta, Josep-Lluis; Fontcuberta, Jordi


    We tested the hypothesis that proteins of hemostasia could be associated with hematoma growth (HG) in patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage. We prospectively studied patients with spontaneous supratentorial intracerebral hemorrhage within the first 6 hours after the onset of symptoms. HG was defined as an increase > 33% in the volume of hematoma on CT obtained 24 to 72 hours after the onset of symptoms in comparison with the CT obtained at admission. We collected admission and follow-up blood samples. We measured fibrinogen, factor XIII, thrombin activatable fibrinolysis inhibitor, plasminogen activator inhibitor, plasminogen, α₂-antiplasmin, tissue plasminogen activator, d-dimer, thrombomodulin, thrombin-antithrombin complex, and plasmin-antiplasmin complex. We included 90 patients with a mean age of 71 ± 10.8 years; 61% were men. HG was observed in 35 (39%) of the patients. Mean baseline and follow-up protein measurements showed no difference between the groups with and without HG. The analysis of variance showed that factor XIII activity decreased in the non-HG group in the 24 to 72 hours sample, whereas it increased in the HG group (P = 0.001). Factor XIII was the only measured protein related to HG. The levels at the follow-up sample decreased in the non-HG group and increased in the HG group. Further studies are needed to confirm this association.

  15. Double-layer appearance after evacuation of a chronic subdural hematoma. (United States)

    Sucu, Hasan Kamil; Akar, Ömer


    To investigate the reason for and the course of the double-layer appearance in the postoperative computed tomographies (CTs) of chronic subdural hematoma (CSDHs). We reviewed CSDH cases that were operated on during the last 3 years, between January 2008 and December 2010. We checked the preoperative, early postoperative, and late postoperative CTs of these patients. We investigated the relationship between the formation of a double-layer appearance and the prognoses and demographic characteristics of the patients. Our database included 119 cases. A double-layer appearance was found in the postoperative CTs of 34 cases. The mean age of double-layer cases was older (72.5 ± 12.1) than that of the remaining 85 cases (63.1 ± 17.8). We did not find any relationship between the double-layer appearance and the reoperation/recurrence/death rates. The double-layer appearance after evacuation of a CSDH might be caused by enlargement of the subarachnoid space and is not related to the presence of any residual hematoma. This appearance is not considered as a reason for reoperation.

  16. Chronic Expanding Hematoma in the Popliteal Fossa after Pseudoaneurysm Surgery because of Nail Puncture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serdar Yilmaz


    Full Text Available Hematomas caused by surgery or trauma that persist and expand slowly for more than a month are defined as chronic expanding hematomas (CEH. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI is useful for the diagnosis. Total excision with the pseudocapsule is the treatment method. Pseudoaneurysms result from arterial wall disruptions and can be mistaken for CEH. We present a rare case report of a 45-year-old man with a large, painful swelling in his left popliteal fossa. He had a puncture wound by a nail 11 years ago and a gradually expanding mass occurred in his popliteal fossa. A pseudoaneurysm was detected and operated a year later. After surgery, a gradually expanding mass recurred in his popliteal fossa. On the arteriography, the popliteal artery was occluded and the blood flow was maintained with collateral vessels. On MRI, an enormous swelling of 115 × 107 × 196 cm in diameter was seen. It was diagnosed as CEH and was excised completely protecting the collateral vessels and there was no recurrence after a year from the surgery.

  17. Subdural hematomas and emergency management in infancy and childhood: a single institution's experience. (United States)

    Tehli, Ozkan; Kazanci, Burak; Türkoğlu, Erhan; Solmaz, Ilker


    We aimed to identify the incidence, clinical features, management, and outcome of subdural hematomas (SHs) in infancy and childhood. Twenty-one children younger than 11 years with SH were analyzed. Clinical features and possible child abuse were considered in each case. Eight children experienced minor injuries due to hitting of solid items on their head. Five of these children also had coagulation disorders. Three of the children suffered from child abuse, only one of the children had head trauma due to car accident. Nine of the patients experienced SH due to fall down. Nine patients have acute SH, 7 had subacute SH, 4 had chronic SH, and 1 had acute and subacute SH together. Clinical presentation varied greatly. Most of them presented with vomiting and seizure. The outcome patterns were different among the patients. Deep coma on admission was associated with an unfavorable outcome. Subdural hematoma is common in infancy and childhood and carries a poor prognosis. Most of the cases are due to head trauma, coagulation disorders, and child abuse. We believe that clinical investigation of such children should be carried out in a multidisciplinary approach with the collaboration of pediatricians, social workers, and neurosurgeons.

  18. A case of atypical chronic subdural hematoma: a spontaneous rupture of dural lymphoma nodule. (United States)

    Barrios, Lucia; Clément, Renaud; Visseaux, Guillaume; Bord, Eric; Le Gall, Francois; Rodat, Olivier


    In forensic medicine, a chronic subdural hematoma (SDH) usually results from trauma, sometimes minimal for elderly people. The case reported here is a forensic medical description of an atypical chronic subdural hematoma. A woman aged of 40-year-old died following a coma. The autopsy and histological analyses revealed the hemorrhagic disintegration of a lymphoid nodule, a metastasis from generalized lymphoma. The combination of chronic symptomatic SDH and a tumor of the dura mater have been described, but are very rare. The possibility of trauma, even minimal, has never been excluded in these cases. In fact, the clinical picture of these patients suggested a significant movement of the brain within the cranial cavity due to the physiological decrease in brain volume. In the reported case, this particular process was excluded since the spontaneous hemorrhagic effusion produced by the meningeal lymphoid nodule was the cause of the chronic SDH. This pathophysiological explanation was possible because the entire brain and meninges were removed for histological analysis. Trauma, even minimal trauma, is not always involved in the formation of a chronic SDH. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and Faculty of Forensic and Legal Medicine. All rights reserved.

  19. Contrast extravasation into an acute spontaneous intracerebral hematoma: multidetector CT angiographic findings and clinical implications

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    Kim, Seong Eun; Yu, Hyeon; Baik, Hye Won; Lee, Hwa Yeon; Kwak, Byung Kook; Lee, Jong Beum; Kim, Yang Soo; Lee, Yong Chul [Chung-Ang University Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    The purpose of this study was to evaluate multidetector row CT (MDCT) angiographic findings and their clinical significance for contrast extravasation into a spontaneous intracerebral hematoma (ICH). MDCT angiographic studies and clinical records of 115 patients with spontaneous ICH were retrospectively reviewed. Cases were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of contrast extravasation. The cases in the two groups were compared to determine the differences in radiological and clinical findings. The contrast extravasation group was divided into two subgroups according to radiological findings as follows: single or multiple dot-like contrast extravasation (Type A) and beaded-tubular (with or without dot-like extravasation) contrast extravasation (Type B). Contrast extravasation was seen in 38 patients (33%). It was associated with a larger hematoma volume, more frequent intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a shorter time interval from onset to the time of the CT scan, lower Glasgow coma scale (GCS), and a higher mortality rate. Type A and B contrast extravasation were observed in 16 (42%) and 22 (58%) patients, respectively. The rate of IVH and the clinical outcome of patients with Type B showed a significant correlation. Two types of contrast extravasation into an ICH show a significant difference in the rate of IVH and in clinical outcome. Detecting the presence of contrast extravasation and classifying them according to the morphologic patterns are important in predicting a prognosis.

  20. Progressive Epidural Hematoma in Patients with Head Trauma: Incidence, Outcome, and Risk Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hao Chen


    Full Text Available Progressive epidural hematoma (PEDH after head injury is often observed on serial computerized tomography (CT scans. Recent advances in imaging modalities and treatment might affect its incidence and outcome. In this study, PEDH was observed in 9.2% of 412 head trauma patients in whom two CT scans were obtained within 24 hours of injury, and in a majority of cases, it developed within 3 days after injury. In multivariate logistic regression, patient gender, age, Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS score at admission, and skull fracture were not associated with PEDH, whereas hypotension (odds ratio (OR 0.38, 95% confidence interval (CI 0.17–0.84, time interval of the first CT scanning (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.19–0.83, coagulopathy (OR 0.36, 95% CI 0.15–0.85, or decompressive craniectomy (DC (OR 0.46, 95% CI 0.21–0.97 was independently associated with an increased risk of PEDH. The 3-month postinjury outcome was similar in patients with PEDH and patients without PEDH (χ2=0.07, P=0.86. In conclusion, epidural hematoma has a greater tendency to progress early after injury, often in dramatic and rapid fashion. Recognition of this important treatable cause of secondary brain injury and the associated risk factors may help identify the group at risk and tailor management of patients with TBI.

  1. Spinal Epidural Hematoma after Thoracolumbar Posterior Fusion Surgery without Decompression for Thoracic Vertebral Fracture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsuyoki Minato


    Full Text Available We present a rare case of spinal epidural hematoma (SEH after thoracolumbar posterior fusion without decompression surgery for a thoracic vertebral fracture. A 42-year-old man was hospitalized for a thoracic vertebral fracture caused by being sandwiched against his back on broken concrete block. Computed tomography revealed a T12 dislocation fracture of AO type B2, multiple bilateral rib fractures, and a right hemopneumothorax. Four days after the injury, in order to promote early orthostasis and to improve respiratory status, we performed thoracolumbar posterior fusion surgery without decompression; the patient had back pain but no neurological deficits. Three hours after surgery, he complained of acute pain and severe weakness of his bilateral lower extremities; with allodynia below the level of his umbilicus, postoperative SEH was diagnosed. We performed immediate revision surgery. After removal of the hematoma, his symptoms improved gradually, and he was discharged ambulatory one month after revision surgery. Through experience of this case, we should strongly consider the possibility of preexisting SEH before surgery, even in patients with no neurological deficits. We should also consider perioperative coagulopathy in patients with multiple trauma, as in this case.

  2. A rare cause of acute abdomen – Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma

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    Hock Chin Chong


    Full Text Available Spontaneous rectus sheath hematoma (SRSH is a rare entity that mimics acute abdomen. Rectus sheath hematoma is the accumulation of blood in rectus sheath due to muscle or epigastric vessel injury. However, SRSH without a trauma or anticoagulation is rare. It frequently mimics acute abdomen and it may lead to misdiagnosis and unnecessary laparotomy. In this article, we described two cases of SRSH with their diagnostic and therapeutic strategy. Both of our patients in report were neither consumed antiplatelet nor coagulopathy. They both had abdominal muscle straining before their symptoms presentation. We hypothesized that the SRSH may be induced by rectus muscle injury secondary to inappropriate straining or posture. To diagnose SRSH, clinical findings are important but radiologic imaging such as computed tomography, can be diagnostic. In expanding SRSH, percutaneous arterial embolization of epigastric artery is useful to secure the bleeding. If embolization is not feasible, surgical exploration hemostasis is curative. In non-expanding SRSH, it can be managed nonoperatively. SRSH is an important initial differential for acute abdomen. Radiologic imaging helps in diagnosis. Stable SRSH can be managed conservatively with good outcome.

  3. Sudden motor and sensorial loss due to retroperitoneal hematoma during postoperative periods: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pelin Şen

    Full Text Available Abstract A 68 year-old male patient was hospitalized for radical prostatectomy. He had no abnormal medical history including neurological deficit before the operation. Prior to general anesthesia, an epidural catheter was inserted in the L3-4 interspace for intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. After surgery for nine hours, he developed confusion and flaccid paralysis of bilateral lower extremities occurred. No pathology was detected from cranial computed tomography and diffusion magnetic resonance imaging no pathology was detected. His thoracic/lumbar magnetic resonance imaging. Intraabdominal pressure was shown to be 25 mmHg, and abdominal ultrasonography revealed progression in the inflammation/edema/hematoma in the perirenal region. The Bromage score was back to 1 in the right foot on the 24th hour and in the left foot on the 26th hour. Paraplegia developed in patients after epidural infusion might be caused by potentiated local anesthetic effect due to retroperitoneal hematoma and/or elevated intra-abdominal pressure.

  4. Intracranial hematoma (United States)

    ... got kicked in the head during a soccer game. She seemed fine at the time, but later ... The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that you call your child's doctor for anything more than a ...

  5. Usefulness and Complications of Ultrasonography- Guided Vacuum Assisted Biopsy for the Removal of Benign Breast Lesions

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    Kim, Keum Won; Cho, Young Jun; Hwang, Cheol Mog; Kim, Dae Ho; Oh, Kyoung Jin; Yoon, Dae Sung [Konyang University College of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kyu Soon [Eulji University College of Medicine, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    To evaluate the usefulness and complications of ultrasonography (US)- guided vacuum assisted biopsy (VAB) for the removal of benign breast lesions, and the short- and long-term changes after VAB as shown on follow-up US. From January 2007 to May 2008, 110 sonographically benign lesions in 62 patients were sampled via US-guided VAB. We prospectively evaluated the sonographic findings 1 week and 6 months after VAB in all patients to determine the presence of residual tumors, hematomas and scarring. We evaluated the prevalence of hematoma, pain, skin dimpling, fibrotic scarring and residual tumors after US-guided VAB, and determined if correlation existed between complications, size of the lesions and lesion pathology. The age of the patients was 15-65 years, with a mean age of 36.5 years. The pathologic diagnoses were fibroadenomas (41.8%, n = 46), fibrocystic changes (30.9%, n = 34), fibroadenomatoid hyperplasias (13.6%, n = 15), fibroadenomatoid mastopathies (6.3%, n = 7), adenoses (3.6%, n = 4), hamartomas (1.8%, n = 2) and phyllodes tumors (1.8%, n = 2). Complications 1 week after the US-guided VAB included hematomas (n = 39, 35.4%), pain (n = 23, 20.9%), fibrotic scars (n = 26, 23.68%), residual tumors (n = 4, 3.6%) and skin dimplings (n = 4, 3.6%). Complications 6 months after the US-guided VAB included hematomas (n = 12, 10.9%), pain (n = 3 2.7%), fibrotic scars (n = 14, 12.7%), and residual tumors (n = 17, 15.4%). Residual tumor after US-guided VAB existed in association with 15.2% of fibroadenomas (7/46), 14.7% of fibrocystic changes (5/34), 13.3% of fibroadenomatoid hyperplasias (2/15), 25% of adenoses (1/4), and 100% of phyllodes tumors (2/2). US-guided VAB is an effective procedure for removal of benign breast lesion. Periodic follow up studies at 1 week and 6 months after the VAB are useful to assess Post-VAB complications

  6. Ruptura dos vasa vasorum e hematoma intramural da aorta: um paradigma em mudança Rupture of vasa vasorum and intramural hematoma of the aorta: a changing paradigm

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    Adamastor Humberto Pereira


    Full Text Available A ruptura dos vasa vasorum tem sido reconhecida como uma das causas do hematoma intramural da aorta há 90 anos. Esta breve revisão apresenta sistematicamente a fisiologia desses vasos e o seu papel na fisiopatologia das alterações parietais da aorta que ocorrem na hipertensão arterial, na arteriosclerose e na síndrome aórtica aguda. A hipótese defendida aqui é a de que a ruptura dos vasa vasorum ocorre como um fenômeno secundário e não como um dos fatores causais na fisiopatologia do hematoma intramural.Rupture of vasa varorum has been recognized as one cause of intramural hematoma of the aorta for 90 years. This brief revision presents systematically, the physiology of these vessels and its role in the physiopathology of the alterations in the aortic wall secondary to hypertension, arteriosclerosis and in Acute Aortic Syndrome. The hypothesis is that rupture of vasa vasorum is a secondary phenomenon and not one causal factor in the physiopathology of intramural hematoma.

  7. Non-traumatic acute epidural spinal hematomas diagnosed by magnetic resonance; Hematomas espinales epidurales agudos no traumaticos: diagnostico por resonancia magnetica

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    Rovira, A.; Grive, E.; Pedraza, S.; Capellades, J.; Nos, C.; Alarcon, M.; Rovira, A. [Hospital Universitari Vall d' Hebron. Barcelona (Spain)


    The non-traumatic spinal epidural hematoma (NTSEH) is a rare entity that can be the cause of an acute spinal compression syndrome. the objective of this review is to identify the characteristics by MRI and NTSEH and to analyze the factors that influence in its prognosis. In the years 1994 and 1999, 12 patients with NTSEH have been diagnosed in our hospital, and a MRI was performed during the acute phase. the characteristics of the lesions have been analyzed by MRI, with special emphasis on the topographic data and resonance signal and the factors that can influence in the clinical prognosis of the patients. Initially, all of the patients presented pain in the cervical dorsal or interscapular site, followed by a sensitive-motor deficit picture. The MRI showed a lesion of expansive character and posterior epidural location in every case that would produce varying degrees of compression on the spinal cord. The NTSEH should be considered as one of the causes of acute spinal cord compression. The clinical association of intense cervical, dorsal or interscapular pain followed by a sensomotor deficit picture should lead to the suspicion of this entity, that would require an immediate examination with MRI to verify its diagnosis. Both the clinical manifestations as well as the characteristics observed by MRI of the NTSEH have a prognostic value and determine the therapeutic decision. (Author) 34 refs.

  8. Pregnancy Complications: Anemia (United States)

    ... online community Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Anemia Anemia E-mail to a friend Please fill in ... anemia at a prenatal care visit . What causes anemia? Usually, a woman becomes anemic (has anemia) because ...

  9. Complications and Deaths - National (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications and deaths - national data. This data set includes national-level data for the hip/knee complication measure, the Agency for Healthcare Research and...

  10. Complications and Deaths - State (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications and deaths - state data. This data set includes state-level data for the hip/knee complication measure, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...

  11. Complications and Deaths - Hospital (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Complications and deaths - provider data. This data set includes provider data for the hip/knee complication measure, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality...

  12. Pregnancy Complications: Preeclampsia (United States)

    ... online community Home > Complications & Loss > Pregnancy complications > Preeclampsia Preeclampsia E-mail to a friend Please fill in ... even if you’re feeling fine. What is preeclampsia? Preeclampsia is a serious blood pressure condition that ...

  13. Mechanisms of diabetic complications

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Forbes, Josephine M; Cooper, Mark E


    .... These complications occur in the majority of individuals with both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Among the most prevalent microvascular complications are kidney disease, blindness, and amputations, with current therapies only slowing disease progression...

  14. Complications of prostate biopsy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anastasiadis, Anastasios; Zapała, Lukasz; Cordeiro, Ernesto; Antoniewicz, Artur; Dimitriadis, Georgios; de Reijke, Theo


    Biopsy of the prostate is a common procedure with minor complications that are usually self-limited. However, if one considers that millions of men undergo biopsy worldwide, one realizes that although complication rate is low, the number of patients suffering from biopsy complications should not be

  15. The Relationship of Hematoma Size and Mortality in Non-Traumatic Intra-Cerebral Hemorrhages in Basal Ganglia

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    P. Ahmadi


    Full Text Available Introduction & Objective: Among all of the neurologic diseases in adult life, the cerebrovascular disease (CVD is the most common and important ones. Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH in basal ganglia (BG is one of the common and major types of CVD. The relations between clot size and mortality rate, in different parts of the brain, has been addressed by several researchers. It is unclear whether such a relationship is in BG. Therefore this study was designed to find a formula that predicts outcome of hemorrhage based on clot size in BG.Materials & Methods: This descriptive-comparative study that was carried out prospectively, conducted on all 63 patients who admitted to the hospital during one year, with definite diagnosis of ICH in BG. After urgent CT scanning, the size of hematoma was determined by scan images. Routine treatment was uniform for all patients. Focal signs and consciousness state were assessed in the first and last days of admission. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, frequency tables and chi-square and T- test. Results: 33% of patients died. Hematoma size in 70% of them was larger than 5cm and in other 30% smaller. None of the hematoma with less than 4cm size was fatal. In patients with clots of 5cm or larger, the mortality was 100%. Conclusion: The results indicated that, there was meaningful relationship between hematoma size and mortality, in BG hemorrhages. So the clot size can be used as a factor in predicting hemorrhage outcome in BG.

  16. A case of acute spinal subdural hematoma with subarachnoid hemorrhage: Rapid spontaneous remission, relapse, and complete resolution

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    Michito Namekawa


    In addition to rostrocaudal spreading of bloody components in the subdural space, rupture of the hematoma into the subarachnoid space must have released pressure, compressing the spinal cord. In this case report, we also describe the serial MRI studies and note the limitations of the resolution of spinal MRI in the acute phase.

  17. Vascular lesions of the lumbar epidural space: magnetic resonance imaging features of epidural cavernous hemangioma and epidural hematoma

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    Basile Júnior Roberto


    Full Text Available The authors report the magnetic resonance imaging diagnostic features in two cases with respectively lumbar epidural hematoma and cavernous hemangioma of the lumbar epidural space. Enhanced MRI T1-weighted scans show a hyperintense signal rim surrounding the vascular lesion. Non-enhanced T2-weighted scans showed hyperintense signal.

  18. Complications of delayed reconstructive and plastic surgery after radical mastectomy

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    A. D. Zikiryakhodzhaev


    Full Text Available Objective: to assess the nature and frequency of complications due to different types of delayed reconstructive and plastic surgery (DRPS after radical mastectomy (RME.Subjects and methods. The investigators analyzed the results of treating 31 patients after RME in 2001 to 2014. DRPS was performed 4 months to 15.5 years (more frequently 1 to 3 years following RME. To choose an optimal reconstructive method, it should be kept in mind the following factors: breast size and ptosis, the patients’ somatic status, the presence of scars in the donor area, and radiotherapy to the chest. The breast was repaired using a TRAM flap in 22 patients. Eight cases underwent two-step reconstruction, by setting a tissue expander at Step 1 and replacing it by a silicone implant at Step 2. In one patient, a Becker expander/implant was used as a plastic component for delayed breast reconstructionin order to make a bed with a latissimus dorsi fragment.Results. Complications were observed in 8 (25.8 % patients. The largest number of complications occurred in 6 cases after breast reconstruction using a TRAM flap. There were complications, such as inferior epigastric arterial thrombosis; marginal necroses of a displaced TRAM flap; hematoma in the postoperative wound region; implant bed infection; and wound edge diastasis in the donor area. In virtually all complicated cases, the patients received multimodality (75 % and combined (12.5 % treatments before DRPS.Conclusion. Beam radiotherapy and chemotherapy increase the risk of complications after both reconstructive plastic surgery with implants and the use of autologous tissues. Two-step reconstruction applying implants provided a good cosmetic effect and the least rate of complications.

  19. Endovascular stent graft for treatment of complicated spontaneous dissection of celiac artery: Report of two cases

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    Kang, Ung Rae; Lee, Young Hwan [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Catholic University of Daegu School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Young Hwan [Dept. of Diagnostic Radiology, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)


    We report 2 cases of complicated spontaneous dissection of the celiac artery, which were successfully treated by a stent graft. The first patient was a 47-year-old man who presented with acute abdominal pain. CT scan showed ruptured saccular aneurysm with surrounding retroperitoneal hematoma. The second patient was a 57-year-old man with progressive dissecting aneurysm. Endovascular stent graft was placed in the celiac trunk to control bleeding, and to prevent rupture in each patient. Follow-up CT scans showed complete obliteration of a dissecting aneurysm.

  20. Carotid-Cavernous Fistula as a Complication of Facial Trauma: A Case Report (United States)

    Lazaridou, Maria; Bourlidou, Eleni; Kontos, Konstantinos; Mangoudi, Doxa


    Posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula is a very rare complication that can occur in patients with craniomaxillofacial trauma. Symptoms involve headache, diplopia, ptosis of the upper lid, conjunctival chemosis, pulsating exophthalmos, and ophthalmoplegia. Diagnosis can be challenging because various pathologic entities can present with similar symptoms such as superior orbital fissure syndrome, orbital apex syndrome, retrobulbar hematoma, and cavernous sinus syndrome. However, accurate and early diagnosis is of utmost importance because treatment delay may lead to blindness or permanent neurologic deficits. In this article, a case of posttraumatic carotid-cavernous fistula that was twice misdiagnosed is presented. PMID:26269734

  1. Nuclear Imaging to Detect Diaphragmatic Perforation as a Rare Complication of Microwave Ablation

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    Stephanie Cull


    Full Text Available Acquired diaphragmatic perforation leading to massive hepatic hydrothorax and respiratory failure is a rare complication of microwave ablation (MWA of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Imaging modalities to detect pleuroperitoneal communication remain poorly described. We report a nuclear imaging technique used to efficiently diagnose and locate diaphragmatic defects. A 57-year-old male with cirrhosis and HCC presented with respiratory distress after undergoing MWA of a HCC lesion. He was admitted to the intensive care unit for noninvasive positive pressure ventilator support. Chest radiography revealed a new large right pleural effusion. Large-volume thoracentesis was consistent with hepatic hydrothorax. The fluid reaccumulated within 24 hours; therefore an acquired diaphragmatic perforation induced by the ablation procedure was suspected. To investigate,  99mTechnetium-labeled albumin was injected into the peritoneal cavity. The tracer accumulated in the right hemi thorax almost immediately. The patient then underwent transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunting in efforts to relieve portal hypertension and decrease ascites volume. Unfortunately, the patient deteriorated and expired after few days. Although diaphragmatic defects develop in cirrhotic patients, such small fenestrations do not normally lead to rapid development of life-threatening pleural effusion. MWA procedures can cause large diaphragmatic defects. Immediate detection of this complication is essential for initiating early intervention.

  2. Venous or arterial blood components trigger more brain swelling, tissue death after acute subdural hematoma compared to elderly atrophic brain with subdural effusion (SDE) model rats. (United States)

    Wajima, Daisuke; Sato, Fumiya; Kawamura, Kenya; Sugiura, Keisuke; Nakagawa, Ichiro; Motoyama, Yasushi; Park, Young-Soo; Nakase, Hiroyuki


    Acute subdural hematoma (ASDH) is a frequent complication of severe head injury, whose secondary ischemic lesions are often responsible for the severity of the disease. We focused on the differences of secondary ischemic lesions caused by the components, 0.4ml venous- or arterial-blood, or saline, infused in the subdural space, evaluating the differences in vivo model, using rats. The saline infused rats are made for elderly atrophic brain with subdural effusion (SDE) model. Our data showed that subdural blood, both venous- and arterial-blood, aggravate brain edema and lesion development more than SDE. This study is the first study, in which different fluids in rats' subdural space, ASDH or SDE are compared with the extension of early and delayed brain damage by measuring brain edema and histological lesion volume. Blood constituents started to affect the degree of ischemia underneath the subdural hemorrhage, leading to more pronounced breakdown of the blood-brain barrier and brain damage. This indicates that further strategies to treat blood-dependent effects more efficiently are in view for patients with ASDH. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. Differential diagnosis of frontal lobe atrophy from chronic subdural hematoma or subdural hygroma on CT in aged patients. Usefulness of CT cisternogram

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    Hayashi, Hideaki [Osaka Univ. (Japan). Faculty of Medicine


    Metrizamide CT cisternograms (CTC) were performed in order to examine the CSF passage to subarachnoid space, cerebral sulci and Sylvian fissure. The old aged 20 patients (from 63 to 88 years old) with the layer of low density area around bilateral frontal lobe (bi-frontal LDA) in plain CT finding were selected from 2000 aged patients hospitalized in Hanwa-Senboku Hospital. In these 20 patients, it was difficult to differentiate frontal lobe atrophy from the chronic subdural hematoma and subdural hygroma. Conservative therapy was applied in 19 patients for their old age or their complicated diseases. Only 1 patient was operated for subdural hygroma. The 20 patients were investigated in EEGs, severity of dementia, disturbance of consciousness, activity of daily life, their clinical course and prognosis. Only 2 of the 11 patients with type 1 CTC findings (cerebral sulci, Sylvian fissure and bi-frontal LDA were simultaneously enhanced by metrizamide) showed disturbance of consciousness and/or delirium for their serious somatic disorders. All of 6 patients with type 3 CTC findings (only bi-frontal LDA was not enhanced by metrizamide) showed disturbance of consciousness. Three patients with type 2 CTC findings (atypical findings) were reported independently. Subdural disorder elevating intracranial pressure were clarified in the cases with type 3 CTC findings. (author).

  4. Isolated Crural Hematoma Mimicking Retroperitoneal Lymphadenopathy, A Unique Sign of Traumatic Diaphragmatic Rupture: A Case Report

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    Abhishek Jha


    Full Text Available Diaphragmatic injury following blunt thoracoabdominal trauma is rare and is usually associated with key radiological features like dependent viscera sign, collar sign, diaphragmatic thickening and defects. It may also be associated with secondary signs like intrathoracic herniation of abdominal viscera. Diaphragmatic crura, which are attached to the upper lumbar vertebra represent prominently thickened folds along the posterior diaphragm, are usually inconspicuous on routine Computed Tomography (CT scans. We present a case of a young patient who sustained a motor vehicle accident and developed difficulty in breathing. CT scan of the patient revealed bilateral crural hematomas, with splenic and renal lacerations and no other sign of diaphragmatic injury. The patient was operated and blunt diaphragmatic rupture was confirmed at surgery.

  5. Isolated crural hematoma mimicking retroperitoneal lymphadenopathy, a unique sign of traumatic diaphragmatic rupture: a case report. (United States)

    Jha, Abhishek; Ahmad, Ibne; Gupta, Prakhar; Gupta, Gagan; Ahmad, Mehtab; Said, Mohd


    Diaphragmatic injury following blunt thoracoabdominal trauma is rare and is usually associated with key radiological features like dependent viscera sign, collar sign, diaphragmatic thickening and defects. It may also be associated with secondary signs like intrathoracic herniation of abdominal viscera. Diaphragmatic crura, which are attached to the upper lumbar vertebra represent prominently thickened folds along the posterior diaphragm, are usually inconspicuous on routine Computed Tomography (CT) scans. We present a case of a young patient who sustained a motor vehicle accident and developed difficulty in breathing. CT scan of the patient revealed bilateral crural hematomas, with splenic and renal lacerations and no other sign of diaphragmatic injury. The patient was operated and blunt diaphragmatic rupture was confirmed at surgery.

  6. Outcomes of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation for flow-enabled dissolution of spleno-mesenterico-portal venous thrombosis. (United States)

    Lakhoo, J; Gaba, R C


    To evaluate the outcomes of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) for flow-enabled clearance of portal (PVT), splenic (SVT) and/or superior mesenteric (MVT) vein thrombosis. In this single-center study, 12 patients underwent TIPS using Viatorr covered stent-grafts (W.L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ, USA) from 2008-2014 for PVT as a primary (n=8) or secondary (n=4) indication. TIPS were not accompanied by pharmacomechanical clot disruption; rather, shunts served to increase portal blood flow to allow flow-mediated physiologic clot dissolution. Pre- and post-TIPS cross-sectional imaging were used to assess clot location, size, and clearance, defined by resolution (vessel patency with no clot), reduction (decrease in clot size), stability (no change in clot size), or extension (increase in clot size). The cohort included 5 men and 7 women (median age 63 years, range 45-73 years, median MELD score 15) with 30 non-occlusive and asymptomatic thrombi spanning main or intrahepatic PVT (n=15/30, 50%), SVT (n=6/30, 20%), and MVT (n=9/30, 30%). TIPS were generally created with 10mm covered stent-grafts; mean final portosystemic pressure gradient was 8mmHg. At mean 190 days post-TIPS, 58% (n=7/12) had clot resolution, 33% (n=4/12) had clot reduction, and 8% (n=1/12) had stable clot; there were no cases of clot extension. Resolution rate was 67% for PVT (10/15), SVT (4/6), and MVT (6/9). Two of 12 (17%) patients underwent successful liver transplant post-TIPS. TIPS prompts dissolution of or decrease in PVT, SVT, and MVT in cirrhotic patients. This may be a useful approach notwithstanding omission of pharmacomechanical methods. Copyright © 2016 Editions françaises de radiologie. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  7. Segmental liver ischemia/infarction after elective transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation: clinical outcomes in 10 patients. (United States)

    Lopera, Jorge E; Katabathina, Venkata; Bosworth, Brian; Garg, Deepak; Kroma, Ghazwan; Garza-Berlanga, Andres; Suri, Rajeev; Wholey, Michael


    To determine the clinical significance and potential mechanisms of segmental liver ischemia and infarction following elective creation of a transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS). A retrospective review of 374 elective TIPS creations between March 2006 and September 2014 was performed, yielding 77 contrast-enhanced scans for review. Patients with imaging evidence of segmental perfusion defects were identified. Model for End-stage Liver Disease scores, liver volume, and percentage of liver ischemia/infarct were calculated. Clinical outcomes after TIPS creation were reviewed. Ten patients showed segmental liver ischemia/infarction on contrast-enhanced imaging after elective TIPS creation. Associated imaging findings included thrombosis of the posterior division (n = 7) and anterior division (n = 3) of the right portal vein (PV). The right hepatic vein was thrombosed in 5 patients, as was the middle hepatic vein in 3 and the left hepatic vein in 1. One patient had acute thrombosis of the shunt and main PV. Three patients developed acute liver failure: 2 died within 30 days and 1 required emergent liver transplantation. One patient died of acute renal failure 20 days after TIPS creation. A large infarct in a transplant recipient resulted in biloma formation. Five patients survived without additional interventions with follow-up times ranging from 3 months to 5 years. Segmental perfusion defects are not an uncommon imaging finding after elective TIPS creation. Segmental ischemia was associated with thrombosis of major branches of the PVs and often of the hepatic veins. Clinical outcomes varied significantly, from transient problems to acute liver failure with high mortality rates. Copyright © 2015 SIR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Volumetric electromagnetic phase-shift spectroscopy of brain edema and hematoma.

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    Cesar A Gonzalez

    Full Text Available Motivated by the need of poor and rural Mexico, where the population has limited access to advanced medical technology and services, we have developed a new paradigm for medical diagnostic based on the technology of "Volumetric Electromagnetic Phase Shift Spectroscopy" (VEPS, as an inexpensive partial substitute to medical imaging. VEPS, can detect changes in tissue properties inside the body through non-contact, multi-frequency electromagnetic measurements from the exterior of the body, and thereby provide rapid and inexpensive diagnostics in a way that is amenable for use in economically disadvantaged parts of the world. We describe the technology and report results from a limited pilot study with 46 healthy volunteers and eight patients with CT radiology confirmed brain edema and brain hematoma. Data analysis with a non-parametric statistical Mann-Whitney U test, shows that in the frequency range of from 26 MHz to 39 MHz, VEPS can distinguish non-invasively and without contact, with a statistical significance of p<0.05, between healthy subjects and those with a medical conditions in the brain. In the frequency range of between 153 MHz to 166 MHz it can distinguish with a statistical significance of p<0.05 between subjects with brain edema and those with a hematoma in the brain. A classifier build from measurements in these two frequency ranges can provide instantaneous diagnostic of the medical condition of the brain of a patient, from a single set of measurements. While this is a small-scale pilot study, it illustrates the potential of VEPS to change the paradigm of medical diagnostic of brain injury through a VEPS classifier-based technology. Obviously substantially larger-scale studies are needed to verify and expand on the findings in this small pilot study.

  9. Molecular profiling of a simple rat model of open tibial fractures with hematoma and periosteum disruption (United States)

    Villafan-Bernal, Jose Rafael; Franco-De La Torre, Lorenzo; Sandoval-Rodriguez, Ana Soledad; Armendariz-Borunda, Juan; Alcala-Zermeno, Juan Luis; Cruz-Ramos, Jose Alfonso; Lopez-Armas, Gabriela; Ramirez-Bastidas, Blanca Estela; González-Enríquez, Gracia Viviana; Collazo-Guzman, Emerson Armando; Martinez-Portilla, Raigam Jafet; Sánchez-Enríquez, Sergio


    Bone fractures are a worldwide public health concern. Therefore, improving understanding of the bone healing process at a molecular level, which could lead to the discovery of potential therapeutic targets, is important. In the present study, a model of open tibial fractures with hematoma disruption, periosteal rupture and internal fixation in 6-month-old male Wistar rats was established, in order to identify expression patterns of key genes and their protein products throughout the bone healing process. A tibial shaft fracture was produced using the three-point bending technique, the hematoma was drained through a 4-mm incision on the medial aspect of the tibia and the fracture stabilized by inserting a needle into the medullary canal. Radiographs confirmed that the induced fractures were diaphyseal and this model was highly reproducible (kappa inter-rater reliability, 0.82). Rats were sacrificed 5, 14, 21, 28 and 35 days post-fracture to obtain samples for histological, immunohistochemical and molecular analysis. Expression of interleukin-1β (Il-1β), transforming growth factor-β2 (Tgf-β2), bone morphogenetic protein-6 (Bmp-6), bone morphogenetic protein-7 (Bmp-7) and bone γ-carboxyglutamic acid-containing protein (Bglap) genes was determined by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction and protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry, while histological examination allowed characterization of the bone repair process. Il-1β showed a biphasic expression, peaking 5 and 28 days post-fracture. Expression of Tgf-β2, Bmp-6 and Bmp-7 was restricted to the period 21 days post-fracture. Bglap expression increased gradually, peaking 21 days post-fracture, although it was expressed in all evaluated stages. Protein expression corresponded with the increased expression of their corresponding genes. In conclusion, a clear and well-defined expression pattern of the evaluated genes and proteins was observed, where their maximal expression

  10. Swirl sign in traumatic acute epidural hematoma: prognostic value and surgical management. (United States)

    Guo, Cheng; Liu, Lin; Wang, Bing; Wang, Zhigang


    The swirl sign is identified as a small area of low attenuation within an intracranial hyperattenuating clot on non-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans of the brain, which represents active bleeding. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence of the swirl sign among patients with acute epidural hematoma (AEDH) and to identify its prognostic value and impact on surgical treatment. A retrospective review was performed of patients with a diagnosis of traumatic EDH by CT scan who were surgically treated at the Department of Neurosurgery of the First People's Hospital of Jingmen between January 2010 and January 2014. Patients with combined or open craniocerebral injuries and those who did not undergo surgical treatment were excluded. Of the 147 patients evaluated, 21 (14%) exhibited the swirl sign on non-enhanced CT scans of the brain. Univariate analysis revealed a significant correlation between the occurrence of the swirl sign and preoperative Glasgow coma scale scores, preoperative mydriasis, time from injury to CT scan, and intraoperative hematoma volume. Compared with patients without this sign, those exhibiting the swirl sign had a higher mortality rate (24 vs. 6%, respectively; P = 0.028) and a worse outcome (Glasgow Outcome Scale score ≤ 3: 38 vs. 15%, respectively; P = 0.027) at 3 months. An adjusted analysis showed that the occurrence of the swirl sign was an independent predictor of poor outcome (death: odds ratio (OR) = 4.61; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.34-15.82; P sign on the head CT scan of patients with AEDH was found to be significantly associated with poor outcome. Therefore, early identification of this sign and aggressive management with early surgical evacuation is crucial for improving patient outcome.

  11. Volumetric Electromagnetic Phase-Shift Spectroscopy of Brain Edema and Hematoma (United States)

    Gonzalez, Cesar A.; Valencia, Jose A.; Mora, Alfredo; Gonzalez, Fernando; Velasco, Beatriz; Porras, Martin A.; Salgado, Javier; Polo, Salvador M.; Hevia-Montiel, Nidiyare; Cordero, Sergio; Rubinsky, Boris


    Motivated by the need of poor and rural Mexico, where the population has limited access to advanced medical technology and services, we have developed a new paradigm for medical diagnostic based on the technology of “Volumetric Electromagnetic Phase Shift Spectroscopy” (VEPS), as an inexpensive partial substitute to medical imaging. VEPS, can detect changes in tissue properties inside the body through non-contact, multi-frequency electromagnetic measurements from the exterior of the body, and thereby provide rapid and inexpensive diagnostics in a way that is amenable for use in economically disadvantaged parts of the world. We describe the technology and report results from a limited pilot study with 46 healthy volunteers and eight patients with CT radiology confirmed brain edema and brain hematoma. Data analysis with a non-parametric statistical Mann-Whitney U test, shows that in the frequency range of from 26 MHz to 39 MHz, VEPS can distinguish non-invasively and without contact, with a statistical significance of p<0.05, between healthy subjects and those with a medical conditions in the brain. In the frequency range of between 153 MHz to 166 MHz it can distinguish with a statistical significance of p<0.05 between subjects with brain edema and those with a hematoma in the brain. A classifier build from measurements in these two frequency ranges can provide instantaneous diagnostic of the medical condition of the brain of a patient, from a single set of measurements. While this is a small-scale pilot study, it illustrates the potential of VEPS to change the paradigm of medical diagnostic of brain injury through a VEPS classifier-based technology. Obviously substantially larger-scale studies are needed to verify and expand on the findings in this small pilot study. PMID:23691001

  12. Bleeding propensity of cavernous malformations: impact of tight junction alterations on the occurrence of overt hematoma. (United States)

    Jakimovski, Dejan; Schneider, Hannah; Frei, Karl; Kennes, Lieven N; Bertalanffy, Helmut


    Endothelial tight junction (TJ) expression is mostly absent in cerebral cavernous malformations (CMs), which causes increased perilesional erythrocyte and fluid oozing. However, in a subset of CM lesions, foci of preserved TJ staining are observed along endothelial cell contacts. The clinical relevance of this finding is unclear. This study investigates the relevance of the focal TJ protein expression and its association with CM bleeding propensity. Immunohistochemical staining for the TJ proteins claudin-5, occludin, and ZO-1 was performed on 32 CM specimens that were resected during 2008-2010. The patients were allocated to 2 groups according to TJ protein expression, and the clinical and radiological parameters of aggressiveness were analyzed and compared. RESULTS Complete absence of TJ expression was identified in 20 specimens, and focal TJ protein expression in 12. CMs without TJ immunoreactivity were significantly larger (p = 0.022) and had a significantly greater propensity for development of frank hematomas (p = 0.028) and perilesional edema (p = 0.013). Symptom severity, multiplicity, developmental venous anomaly (DVA) presence, and CM location did not show a significant difference depending on TJ expression. In a univariate analysis the authors observed significantly less propensity for frank hematomas and perilesional edema as well as smaller size in CM lesions with focal TJ expression compared with CMs without TJ expression. The observed difference in TJ protein expression might be the reason for differences in bleeding propensity of the CM lesions. Although this finding cannot be used in predictive manner at this time, it is a basis for further multivariate analyses of possible CM biological predictors.

  13. Spontaneous idiopathic spinal epidural hematoma: two different presentations of the same disease Hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo: dos diferentes presentaciones clínicas de la misma enfermedad Hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo: duas diferentes apresentações da mesma doença

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    Asdrúbal Falavigna


    Full Text Available We report two cases of spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma with different clinical presentations without precipitating factors and a brief review of the literature. Our case first developed acute and had progressive cervical spinal cord signs that determined emergency decompressive laminectomy. On the other hand, the second patient, who was chronic, was operated almost five months after the initial symptoms and the radiological diagnosis was a large facet cyst. Early surgical intervention is the chosen treatment for spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas. Spinal surgeons should bear in mind that spontaneous spinal epidural hematomas may have different clinical presentations according to their location in order to perform a differential diagnosis.Fueron relatados dos casos de hematoma epidural espinal espontáneo con diferentes presentaciones clínicas sin factores precipitantes, y fue hecha una breve revisión de la literatura. Nuestro caso 1 tuvo un desarrollo agudo y mostró señales progresivas en la columna cervical que determinaron una laminectomía descompresiva de emergencia. Por otro lado, el segundo paciente, crónico, fue operado casi cinco meses después de los síntomas iniciales y el diagnóstico radiológico fue de un gran quiste sinovial. La intervención quirúrgica temprana es el tratamiento de elección para hematomas espontáneos epidurales espinales. El tratamiento quirúrgico representa la forma más común de terapia para todos los tipos de presentaciones clínicas. Debemos considerar que el tratamiento conservador (o no sea más común en casos de presentación leve, principalmente en pacientes con hematoma espinal crónico. Para realizar un diagnóstico diferencial, los cirujanos deben recordar que los hematomas epidurales espinales espontáneos pueden tener distintas presentaciones clínicas según su ubicación.Os autores relatam dois casos de hematoma epidural espinhal espontâneo com diferentes apresentações cl

  14. Association Factors for CT Angiography Spot Sign and Hematoma Growth in Korean Patients with Acute Spontaneous Intracerebral Hemorrhage : A Single-Center Cohort Study (United States)

    Moon, Byung Hoo; Han, Young-Min; Jang, Kyung-Sool; Huh, Ryoong; Park, Young Sup


    Objective This study was conducted to clarify the association factors and clinical significance of the CT angiography (CTA) spot sign and hematoma growth in Korean patients with acute intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). Methods We retrospectively collected the data of 287 consecutive patients presenting with acute ICH who arrived within 12 hours of ictus. Baseline clinical and radiological characteristics as well as the mortality rate within one month were assessed. A binary logistic regression was conducted to obtain association factors for the CTA spot sign and hematoma growth. Results We identified a CTA spot sign in 40 patients (13.9%) and hematoma growth in 78 patients (27.2%). An elapsed time to CT scan of less than 3 hours (OR, 5.14; 95% CI, 1.76-15.02; p=0.003) was associated with the spot sign. A CTA spot sign (OR, 5.70; 95% CI, 2.70-12.01; p40 IU (OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.01-4.01; p=0.047), and an international normalized ratio ≥1.8 or warfarin medication (OR, 5.64; 95% CI, 1.29-24.57; p=0.021) were independent predictors for hematoma growth. Antiplatelet agent medication (OR, 4.92; 95% CI, 1.31-18.50; p=0.019) was significantly associated with hematoma growth within 6 hours of ictus. Conclusion As previous other populations, CTA spot sign was a strong predictor for hematoma growth especially in hyper-acute stage of ICH in Korea. Antithrombotics medication might also be associated with hyper-acute hematoma growth. In our population, elevated GPT was newly identified as a predictor for hematoma growth and its effect for hematoma growth is necessary to be confirmed through a further research. PMID:25371778

  15. Recurrent spontaneous breast hematoma: report of a case and review of the literature Hematoma espontâneo recorrente de mama: revisão da literatura e relato de caso

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    Marilu Stimamiglio Kanegusuku


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Breast hematomas are common after traumas, surgeries, or contusions. They are rarely spontaneous, but they can occur spontaneously in patients with hematologic disease or with coagulation disorders. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The authors report a clinical case of a 48-year-old female with a 27-year history of paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria who underwent mammography screening because of a painless palpable moveable node in the upper inner quadrant of the right breast. RESULTS: Mammography showed a partially defined heterogeneous node of 35 mm without microcalcifications in the upper inner quadrant of the right breast which, associated with the clinical features, seemed to be an hematoma. Further mammography and ultrasound after 45 days showed retrocession of the lesion, and another mammography obtained after 60 days was normal. Seventy-five days after the first episode, the patient complained of another node with a skin bruise in the upper outer quadrant of the same breast, which seemed to be a recurrent hematoma. Two months later the mammography obtained was normal. CONCLUSION: Breast hematoma must be thought of as a differential diagnosis for a breast node, regardless of previous trauma or hematologic disorders.OBJETIVO: Os hematomas de mama são comuns após traumatismo, cirurgias ou contusões. Raramente são espontâneos, podendo ocorrer em pacientes com doença hematológica ou outras doenças associadas a distúrbios da coagulação sangüínea. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Os autores relatam o caso de paciente feminina, 48 anos, com diagnóstico e acompanhamento de Hemoglobinúria paroxística noturna há 27 anos, submetida a mamografia por apresentar em consulta de rotina nódulo palpável em quadrante superior interno (QSI da mama direita, móvel e indolor. RESULTADOS: A mamografia evidenciou nódulo heterogêneo, de 35 mm, em QSI da mama direita, de contorno parcialmente delimitado, sem microcalcificações, que correlacionado com

  16. Extended complications of urethroplasty

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    Hosam S. Al-Qudah


    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: An extensive study of complications following urethroplasty has never been published. We present 60 urethroplasty patients who were specifically questioned to determine every possible early and late complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective chart review of urethroplasty patients between August 2000 and March 2004. An "open format" questioning style allowed maximal patient reporting of all complications, no matter how minor. RESULTS: 60 patients underwent 62 urethroplasties (24 anterior anastomotic, 19 buccal mucosal and 10 fasciocutaneous, 9 posterior anastomotic with mean follow-up of 29 months. Early complications occurred in 40%, but only 3% were major (rectal injury and urosepsis. Early minor complications included scrotal swelling, scrotal ecchymosis and urinary urgency. Late complications occurred in 48%, but only 18% were significant (erectile dysfunction, chordee and fistula. Late minor complications included a feeling of wound tightness, scrotal numbness and urine spraying. Fasciocutaneous urethroplasty caused the most significant complications, and buccal mucus urethroplasty the least, while also resulting in the lowest recurrence rate (0%. CONCLUSIONS: Serious complications after urethroplasty (3% early and 18% late appear similar to those reported elsewhere, but minor bothersome complications appear to occur in much higher numbers than previously published (39% early and 40% late. While all the early complications were resolved and most (97% were minor, less than half of the late complications were resolved, although most (82% were minor. These complication rates should be considered when counseling urethroplasty patients, and generally tend to support the use of buccal mucosal onlay urethroplasty as it had the lowest rate of serious side effects.

  17. Surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneal spaces, Part V: Surgical applications and complications. (United States)

    Mirilas, Petros; Skandalakis, John E


    Knowledge of the surgical anatomy of the retroperitoneum is crucial for surgery of the retroperitoneal organs. Surgery is essential for treatment of retroperitoneal pathologies. The list of these diseases is extensive and comprises acute and chronic inflammatory processes (abscess, injury, hematoma, idiopathic fibrosis), metastatic neoplasms, and primary neoplasms from fibroadipose tissue, connective tissue, smooth and striated muscle, vascular tissue, somatic and sympathetic nervous tissue, extraadrenal chromaffin tissue, and lymphatic tissue. The retroperitoneum can be approached and explored by several routes, including the transperitoneal route and the extraperitoneal route. The retroperitoneal approach to the iliac fossa is used for ectopic renal transplantation. Safe and reliable primary retroperitoneal access can be performed for laparoscopic exploration. The anatomic complications of retroperitoneal surgery are the complications of the organs located in several compartments of the retroperitoneal space. Complications may arise from incisions to the somatic wall, somatic nerves, blood and lymphatic vessels, lymph nodes, visceral autonomous plexuses, and neighboring splanchna.

  18. Chronic lumbar epidural hematoma in a patient suffering with spondylolytic spondylolisthesis at the L4-5 level: a case report

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    Park, Hyeon Seon; Lee, Sang Ho; Lie, Wei Chiang; Park, Jee Young [Wooridul Spine Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Sang Yeun [Chuk Spine Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)


    Nontraumatic spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is a rare condition and the exact cause of the hemorrhage in SEH had never been established. However, there have been a few recent reports on some types of the epidural hematoma with a detectable origin of hemorrhage. We encountered a case of chronic SEH in a patient who had spondylolytic spondylolisthesis, which is also a rare condition to be associated with SEH. We report here on the radiologic findings of a case of chronic epidural hematoma in a patient who had spondylolytic spondylolisthesis at the L4-5 level, and we include a review of the related literatures.

  19. Chronic subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa associated with cerebellar hemorrhage: report of rare disease with MRI findings Hematoma subdural crônico de fossa posterior associado a hemorragia cerebelar espontânea: relato de doença rara com achados de RNM

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    Leodante B. Costa Jr


    Full Text Available Chronic subdural hematoma of the posterior fossa is an uncommon entity, and spontaneous lesions are very rarely described, occurring mostly during anticoagulation therapy. The association of the posterior fossa chronic subdural hematoma with spontaneous parenchymal hemorrhage without anticoagulation therapy was never related in the literature, to our knowledge. We describe a case of a 64 year-old woman who suffered a spontaneous cerebellar hemorrhage, treated conservatively, and presented 1 month later with a chronic subdural posterior fossa hematoma.Hematomas subdurais da fossa posterior são lesões raras, mais comumente relacionadas com traumas graves. A ocorrência de hematomas subdurais crônicos na fossa posterior é muito rara, sendo descritos 15 casos até o momento, boa parte relacionada ao uso de anticoagulantes. Em nossa revisão da literatura, não pudemos encontrar nenhum relato da associação entre hematoma subdural crônico da fossa posterior e hemorragia cerebelar espontânea. Relatamos o caso de paciente de 64 anos com hematoma intraparenquimatoso cerebelar tratado conservadoramente e hematoma subdural crônico, tratado cirurgicamente, cerca de 1 mês após o acidente vascular cerebelar.

  20. Complications of nephrotic syndrome


    Se Jin Park; Jae Il Shin


    Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases that affect children. Renal histology reveals the presence of minimal change nephrotic syndrome (MCNS) in more than 80% of these patients. Most patients with MCNS have favorable outcomes without complications. However, a few of these children have lesions of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, suffer from severe and prolonged proteinuria, and are at high risk for complications. Complications of NS are divided into two c...