Sample records for hariduspoliitika saavutamine lbi

  1. Mida on oodata lähiaastate hariduspoliitikas / Peeter Kreitzberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreitzberg, Peeter, 1948-2011


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje, 29. mai 2007, lk. 2; Virumaa Teataja, 31. mai 2007, lk. 15; Sakala, 31. mai 2007, lk. 2; Järva Teataja, 31. mai 2007, lk. 2; Harjumaa, 1. juuni 2007, lk. 2; Kuulutaja, 1. juuni 2007, lk. 2; Meie Maa, 1. juuni 2007, lk. 2; Nädalaleht, 1. juuni 2007, lk. 3; Vooremaa, 7. juuni 2007, lk. 2; Sõnumitooja, 13. juuni 2007, lk. 2; Lääne Elu, 16. juuni 2007, lk. 6; Lõunaleht, 21. juuni 2007, lk. 4; Pärnu Postimees, 24. juuli 2007, lk. 15. Riigikogu kultuurikomisjoni esimees Eesti hariduspoliitika eesmärkidest


    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Manuela Cioffi


    The Lichen Biodiversity Index (LBI) is a method for monitoring air pollution. This method employs lichens living on lime trees because they are sensitive to NOx and SOx, and it considers the variations in their communities...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuela Cioffi


    Full Text Available The Lichen Biodiversity Index (LBI is a method for monitoring air pollution. This method employs lichens living on lime trees because they are sensitive to NOx and SOx, and it considers the variations in their communities. This study was performed in 16 stations located in the suburbs of Faenza city town and the result shows a more than acceptable air quality although in some stations the air was affected by the polluting effects of the vehicle traffic.

  4. Toward the development of a corporate social responsibility leadership questionnaire: An adaptation of the LBI-2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronel du Preez


    Full Text Available Orientation: Corporate social responsibility (CSR has grown exponentially in South African organisations, making leadership in CSR crucial. This article describes the first phase towards the development of a CSR leadership questionnaire (CSR-LQ, based on the Leadership Behaviour Inventory version 2 (LBI-2. Research purpose: To develop a CSR leadership questionnaire (the CSR-LQ that would serve as a basis for developing a CSR leadership competency model in future.Motivation for the study: Effective leadership in companies’ CSR undertakings is imperative. The development of a leadership measure is the first step toward the development of a CSR leadership competency framework.Research approach, design and method: A three-phase mixed-method ex post facto research approach (qualitative and quantitative was applied. Purposive sampling included CSR leaders in Phase 1 (n = 5 and Phase 2 (n = 13 to develop the CSR-LQ prior to empirical testing. Main findings: The CSR-LQ was developed based on the LBI-2. The final version of the CSR-LQ consists of 123 items measuring the leadership competencies in three stages. Stage 1 is creating a CSR vision and strategy (analysing and interpreting the CSR environment; formulating the CSR vision and strategy; Stage 2 is preparing the organisation for implementing the CSR vision and strategy (preparing the leader and organisation members; preparing the organisation and Stage 3 is implementing the CSR vision and strategy (sharing the CSR vision and inspiring organisation members; leading with integrity and courage; leading with compassion; Leading across boundaries; reviewing and rewarding CSR performance. Practical/managerial implications: The CSR-LQ could be used to obtain assessment and development of CSR leadership competencies after empirical testing. Contribution/value-add: This study is the first step towards developing a South African CSR leadership measure that could be used to obtain 360° assessments of the

  5. A closed-form solution for moving source localization using LBI changing rate of phase difference only

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang Min


    Full Text Available Due to the deficiencies in the conventional multiple-receiver localization systems based on direction of arrival (DOA such as system complexity of interferometer or array and amplitude/phase unbalance between multiple receiving channels and constraint on antenna configuration, a new radiated source localization method using the changing rate of phase difference (CRPD measured by a long baseline interferometer (LBI only is studied. To solve the strictly nonlinear problem, a two-stage closed-form solution is proposed. In the first stage, the DOA and its changing rate are estimated from the CRPD of each observer by the pseudolinear least square (PLS method, and then in the second stage, the source position and velocity are found by another PLS minimization. The bias of the algorithm caused by the correlation between the measurement matrix and the noise in the second stage is analyzed. To reduce this bias, an instrumental variable (IV method is derived. A weighted IV estimator is given in order to reduce the estimation variance. The proposed method does not need any initial guess and the computation is small. The Cramer–Rao lower bound (CRLB and mean square error (MSE are also analyzed. Simulation results show that the proposed method can be close to the CRLB with moderate Gaussian measurement noise.

  6. Results and experience with four years of development work on a filmless department in Mjölby health care centre. (United States)

    Karner, G; Olsson, S


    Since the end of 1994, the radiology department in Mjölby has been running their activity without X-ray films. When the film developing machine at the department was discarded in April 1995, after six months of test-running of the new system, the film epoch was definitely abandoned. The practical experiences from working with digital images are all good. The background to this change lays in a four years development work, which has been supported financially by the Ostergötland County Council, Swedish National Board for Industrial and Technical Development (NUTEK), and a regional foundation for development of new ways to organise and perform work (Arbetslivsfonden).

  7. Omavalitsused ja hariduspoliitika / Urve Erikson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erikson, Urve, 1956-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 8. nov. lk. 2. Ida-Virumaa omavalitsuste liidu tegevdirektor kohalike omavalitsuste kuludest kvaliteetse hariduse tagamisel ning haridusstrateegia ja maakondlike arengukavade puudumisest Eestis

  8. Hariduspoliitika tekitab peavalu kõigile Euroopa liidu riikidele / Nikolaus van der Pas ; interv. Sirje Tohver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pas, Nikolaus van der


    Euroopa Komisjoni Hariduse ja Kultuuri Peadirektoraadi direktor külastas Eestit ja rääkis Balti riikide haridussüsteemi kindlustamisest, eluaegse õppe tagamisest ja hariduse rahastamisest. Kommenteerib Made Kirtsi

  9. Hariduspoliitikas ilmnevad üksmeele märgid / Mailis Reps

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reps, Mailis, 1975-


    Ilmunud ka: Severnoje Poberezhje 7. juuni lk. 2, Nädaline 10. juuni lk. 2. Haridusminister Mailis Reps Res Publica ja Isamaaliidu ühisest haridusprogrammist ning juba teostumas hariduspoliitilistest eesmärkidest

  10. Riiklike poliitiliste sihtide saavutamine kunsti ja kultuuripärandi valdkonnas / Ruth Towse ; tõlk. Johanna Ross

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Towse, Ruth


    Sisaldab lisa: Kunsti, muuseumide, galeriide ja kultuuripärandi rahastamine Suurbritannias : mõningaid hiljutisi andmeid. Originaali pealkiri: Achieving public policy objectives in the arts and heritage. (Cultural economics and cultural policies, 1994, lk. 143-165). Lühidalt autorist lk. 50

  11. Strateegiad konkurentsieelise saavutamiseks / Ruth Alas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alas, Ruth, 1960-2018


    Personalijuhtimise strateegia: väärtuste loomise ahel, parima säästlikkuse saavutamine, TQM, kvaliteedi ja innovaatilisuse saavutamine. Tabelid. Ilmunud ka: Buhgalterskije Novosti, nr. 4, 1999, lk. 39-45

  12. Projektõ porta Klaipeda / Algirdas Kamarauskas, Lina Gudelionite-Giliene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kamarauskas, Algirdas


    Klaipeda sadama sissesõidukanali rekonstrueerimine, stividorifirma Smelta asukoha nihutamine, kalasadama ehitamine jm. plaanid. Konkurentsis püsimise eelised, spetsialiseerumine, vabasadama staatuse saavutamine, muud investeeringud sadama arendamisse

  13. Behavioral responses of catnip (Nepeta cataria l.)by two species of mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti (l.) and Anopheles harrisoni harbach and manguin, in Thailand. (United States)

    An investigation of the biological effect of catnip oil (Nepeta cataria L.) on the behavioral response of field collected Ae. aegypti and An. harrisoni were conducted using an automated excito-repellency test system. Aedes aegypti showed significant higher escape rates from the contact chamber at 5%...

  14. Delayed trunk muscle reflex responses increase the risk of low back injuries. (United States)

    Cholewicki, Jacek; Silfies, Sheri P; Shah, Riaz A; Greene, Hunter S; Reeves, N Peter; Alvi, Kashif; Goldberg, Barry


    Prospective observational study with a 2- to 3-year follow-up. To determine whether delayed muscle reflex response to sudden trunk loading is a result of or a risk factor for sustaining a low back injury (LBI). Differences in motor control have been identified in individuals with chronic low back pain and in athletes with a history of LBI when compared with controls. However, it is not known whether these changes are a risk for or a result of LBI. Muscle reflex latencies in response to a quick force release in trunk flexion, extension, and lateral bending were measured in 303 college athletes. Information was also obtained regarding their personal data, athletic experience, and history of LBI. The data were entered into a binary logistic regression model to identify the predictors of future LBI. RESULTS.: A total of 292 athletes were used for the final analysis (148 females and 144 males). During the follow-up period, 31 (11%) athletes sustained an LBI. The regression model, consisting of history of LBI, body weight, and the latency of muscles shutting off during flexion and lateral bending load releases, predicted correctly 74% of LBI outcomes. The odds of sustaining LBI increased 2.8-fold when a history of LBI was present and increased by 3% with each millisecond of abdominal muscle shut-off latency. On average, this latency was 14 milliseconds longer for athletes who sustained LBI in comparison to athletes who did not sustain LBI (77 [36] vs. 63 [31]). There were no significant changes in any of the muscle response latencies on retest following the injury. The delayed muscle reflex response significantly increases the odds of sustaining an LBI. These delayed latencies appear to be a preexisting risk factor and not the effect of an LBI.

  15. Effects of different ratios and storage periods of liquid brewer’s yeast mixed with cassava pulp on chemical composition, fermentation quality and ruminal fermentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sukanya Kamphayae


    Full Text Available Objective This study aims to evaluate the chemical composition, fermentation quality and in vitro ruminal fermentation of various ratios and storage periods of liquid brewer’s yeast (LBY mixed with cassava pulp (CVP. Methods Four mixtures of fresh LBY and CVP were made (LBY0, LBY10, LBY20, and LBY30 for LBY:CVP at 0:100, 10:90, 20:80, and 30:70, respectively on a fresh matter basis, in 500 g in plastic bags and stored at 30 to 32°C. After storage, the bags were opened weekly from weeks 0 to 4. Fermentation quality and in vitro gas production (IVGP were determined, as well as the dry matter (DM, organic matter (OM, crude protein (CP, ether extract (EE, neutral detergent fiber, acid detergent fiber and acid detergent lignin contents. Results The contents of CP and EE increased, whereas all other components decreased, in proportion to LBY inclusion (p90%. The pH increased and NH3-N/TN decreased, with proportionate increases of LBY, whereas the pH decreased and NH3-N/TN increased, as the storage periods were extended (p<0.01. Although IVGP decreased in proportion to the amount of LBY inclusion (p<0.01, in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD was unaffected by the mixture ratios. The highest IVGP and IVOMD were observed in week 0 (p<0.01. Conclusion The inclusion of LBY (as high as 30% into CVP improves the chemical composition of the mixture, thereby increasing the CP content, while decreasing IVGP, without decreasing fermentation quality and IVOMD. In addition, a preservation period of up to four weeks can guarantee superior fermentation quality in all types of mixtures. Therefore, we recommend limiting the use of CVP as a feed ingredient, given its low nutritional value and improving feed quality with the inclusion of LBY.

  16. Yeast mixture of liquid beer and cassava pulp with rice straw for the growth of dairy heifers. (United States)

    Kamphayae, Sukanya; Kumagai, Hajime; Butcha, Patima; Ritruechai, Viroj; Udchachon, Supachai


    This study was conducted to determine the effects of mixtures of liquid brewer's yeast (LBY) and cassava pulp (CVP) with rice straw (RS) on feed intake, digestibility, rumen fermentation, and growth of dairy heifers. Sixteen Holstein crossbred heifers (13.8 ± 1.6 months old, 210 ± 23 kg body weight (BW)) were randomly allocated to four feeding treatments with four replications, which were 0:0:100 (RS), 0:70:30 (0%LBY), 20:50:30 (20%LBY), and 50:20:30 (50%LBY), respectively, for LBY/CVP/RS on a fresh matter basis. The heifers were offered conventional concentrate at 1.5% initial body weight daily and fed the treatment diets ad libitum. Average daily gain and feed intake were not significantly different among the treatments. The heifers fed 50%LBY had the highest crude protein (CP) intake and DM, OM, and CP digestibility (P < 0.05). The ruminal pH did not differ significantly among treatments, while NH3-N was the highest (P < 0.05) in 50%LBY. Total volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations and the molar proportion of each VFA were not significantly different among the treatments. Blood urea nitrogen concentrations of 50%LBY were the highest among the treatments (P < 0.05). The results indicated that 50%LBY improved CP digestibility.

  17. Entrepreneurship as a tool of an economic policy : background, factors and possibilities / Raivo Linnas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Linnas, Raivo


    Majandusliku arengu ja edu saavutamine majanduspoliitika kujundamise ja elluviimise kaudu ei ole kiiresti muutuvas maailmas enam ainuüksi klassikaliste majandusteooriate mõjuväljas. Lisaks klassikalistele üldtunnustatud majandusteooriatele on oluline arvestada teisi teooriaid ja reaalelu mõjureid ning aspekte. Maailmas toimuvate poliitiliste, sotsiaalsete, majanduslike jt sündmuste mõju majanduspoliitika kujunemisele

  18. Vali õige elukutse tundes iseennast / Katrin Kaurit

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaurit, Katrin


    Kutsevalik ja õigete eesmärkide saavutamine eeldab oma võimete, tugevuste ja arendamist vajavate külgede analüüsimist. Abivahendiks sel puhul on DiSC (Personal Profile System) analüüsimetoodika, mille kaudu selgitatakse välja inimese peamised käitumisavaldused ja arendamist vajavad küljed

  19. Lähis-Idas ei pruugi rahu tulla / Erkki Bahovski

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bahovski, Erkki, 1970-


    Palestiinlased valisid Palestiina Vabastusorganisatsiooni uueks juhiks oma praeguse peaministri Mahmoud Abbasi. Paljude analüütikute arvates ei ole rahu saavutamine Lähis-Idas hõlbus. Lisa: Yasser Arafati surm; Arvamused: Vladimir Putin, Jacques Chirac, George W. Bush

  20. Euroopa tõehetk / Timothy Garton Ash ; tõlkinud Priit Simson

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Garton Ash, Timothy, 1955-


    Käsitledes kriisi Euroopas, sh. Ida- ja Kesk-Euroopa riikides, ütleb autor, et Euroopa projekti tulevik on küsimärgi all. Edasiminekuks vajab Euroopa praktilist konstruktsiooni, selle saavutamine sõltub globaalsetest jõududest, Euroopa juhtide tasemest ning rahvuslike valijate võimaldatud tegevusruumist ja usaldusest

  1. Korporatsioon Rotalia Göteborgis / Toivo Ennok

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ennok, Toivo


    1948. aastal otsustati Göteborgi koondis poliitilisest tegevusest eelamdada, kodurahu saavutamine võttis veel mitu aastat. 1963. a algasid uued rahutud ajad seoses W. Tominga "Vaikiv ajastu Eestis" ilmumisega, autorit süüdistati valeandmete andmises ja nõuti tema väljaheitmist. Segadus oli ülemaailmne ja vastastikku avaldati umbusaldust koondiste ja vilistlaskogude vahel

  2. Effects of graded levels of liquid brewer's yeast on chemical composition and fermentation quality in cassava pulp and rice straw-based total mixed ration silage. (United States)

    Kamphayae, Sukanya; Kumagai, Hajime; Bureenok, Smerjai; Narmseelee, Ramphrai; Butcha, Patima


    This study aimed to evaluate the effect of liquid brewer's yeast (LBY) addition on chemical composition and fermentation quality of mixture of LBY and cassava pulp (CVP) with rice straw (RS) in different ratios during preservation periods. Four mixtures of LBY, CVP and RS were made, that is mixture ratio of LBY : CVP : RS of 0% LBY, 20% LBY, 35% LBY and 50% LBY were 0:70:30, 20:50:30, 35:35:30 and 50:20:30 as fresh matter, respectively. The bags were opened at weeks 0, 1, 2, 4 and 8 after storage. The contents of dry matter, organic matter, crude protein (CP), ether extract (EE), neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber ranged 36.4-40.0, 88.9-90.8, 4.0-12.0, 1.1-1.3, 58.8-61.6 and 37.6-40.0, respectively, and the contents of CP and EE increased and the other components decreased in proportion to LBY inclusion (P fermentation quality during longer storage periods. © 2016 Japanese Society of Animal Science.

  3. A New Dimension of Business Intelligence: Location-based Intelligence


    Zeljko Panian


    Through the course of this paper we define Locationbased Intelligence (LBI) which is outgrowing from process of amalgamation of geolocation and Business Intelligence. Amalgamating geolocation with traditional Business Intelligence (BI) results in a new dimension of BI named Location-based Intelligence. LBI is defined as leveraging unified location information for business intelligence. Collectively, enterprises can transform location data into business intelligence applic...

  4. Academica

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae


    Veronica Nagel kaitses 27. oktoobril Tallinna Ülikoolis doktoritööd teemal "Hariduspoliitika ja üldhariduskorraldus Eestis aastatel 1940-1991" ja Liivia Anion kaitseb 3. novembril doktoritööd teemal "Läbipõlemissümptomite ja politseikultuuri elementide vastastikustest mõjudest"

  5. Teadmuspõhise ühiskonna ja elukestva õppe diskursuste rekontekstualiseerimine Eestis / Katrin Aava

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aava, Katrin, 1963-


    Uuritakse, kuidas Euroopa Liiduga ühinemisel rekontekstualiseeritakse Eesti hariduspoliitikas erinevate strateegiadokumentide vahendusel uued diskursused. Uurimuse objektiks on meediatekstid, mille põhjal selgitatakse välja, millal on kasutusele võetud uued võtmesõnad "teadmus" ja "elukestev"

  6. Curriculum, kapitalism ja tunnetuspsühholoogia: tänapäeva ajalugu / Jarkko Vilkkilä ; tõlkinud Urve Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vilkkilä, Jarkko


    Analüüsitakse muutusi lääneriikides valitsevas õppekavamõtlemises seostatuna majanduses, sotsiaalteadustes ja psühholoogias aset leidnud muutuste kontekstis viimase sajandi jooksul ning õppekava teooriat ja praktikat mõjustanud viimaste kümnendike muutusi hariduspoliitikas

  7. Õppekavades, teooriast ja praktikast / Urve Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänemets, Urve


    Koolihariduse arendamine vajab teadusuuringuid, sealhulgas õppekavade teooria ja praktika vallas. Loosungid ja deklaratsioonid ei taga hariduse kvaliteeti, ei selle sisu kavandamisel ega hiljem koolipraktikas, tarvis on eelkõige võrdlevaid käsitlusi. Hariduspoliitika ja hariduskohustus, õppekava koostamine ja rakendus

  8. Kodanikukasvatuse tulevik on rahvusvahelises koostöös / Edgar Krull

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Krull, Edgar


    Rahvusvahelised kodanikuõpetuse organisatsioonid. Civitas on rahvusvaheline kodanikuõpetuse vahetusprogramm, mille liikmeteks on USA ja teiste riikide kodanikuõpetuse juhtivad organisatsioonid; Rahvusvahelise Haridussaavutuste Hindamise Assotsiatsioon (The International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement - IAE) asutati 1959. a eri maade hariduspoliitika ja -praktika võrdlevaks uurimiseks. CICE (Laste Kodakondsus ja Identiteet Euroopas) on keskendunud kodanikukasvatuse probleemidele Euroopas

  9. Mõte / Peeter Kreitzberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreitzberg, Peeter, 1948-2011


    Riigikogu liige on arvamusel, et Euroopa haridus ei vaja mitte niivõrd omavahelist võistlust kuivõrd koostöö tugevdamist, ühtse haridusruumi loomist. Siiski peaks iga riik panustama endale sobiva hariduspoliitika ja haridussüsteemi määratlemisse

  10. Ajaloo õpetamise korraldus Eestis eesti õppekeelega üldhariduskoolides stalinismi ajal (1944-1953) / Anu Raudsepp

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raudsepp, Anu


    Hariduspoliitika ümberkorraldamisest. Eesti NSV ajalooõpetuse nõuetest ja eripärast 1944-1948. Eesti NSV ajalooõpetuse ühtlustamisest Vene NFSV nõuetega. Eesti ajaloo õpetamise kaotamisest üldhariduskoolides. Ajalooõpetajaid koolitavatest õppeasutustest ja tulevaste ajalooõpetajate ideoloogilisest kasvatusest

  11. Üldharidussüsteemist ja noorte ettevalmistamisest eluks okupatsiooniaastail ja kaasajal / Veronika Nagel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nagel, Veronika, 1975-


    Üldharidussüsteemi arengust Nõukogude okupatsiooni aastail ning õppeplaanidest ja -programmidest, analüüsimaks, millele pöörati rõhku noorte ettevalmistamisel eluks. Artikkel moodustab ühe osa doktoritööst: Eesti hariduspoliitika ja üldharidussüsteem 1940-1991

  12. Põhiharidus kolmandal aastatuhandel / Tiina Annus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Annus, Tiina


    Poliitikauuringute Keskuse PRAXIS hariduspoliitika programmi direktor leiab, et kolmanda aastatuhande mõtteviis hariduses tähendab õppija vajaduste ja soovide esiplaanile asetamist ning õpetaja asumist nõustaja ja abistaja rolli. Skeem: Üleminek oskustepõhiselt teadmuspõhisele majandusele. Tabelid. Diagramm: Erinevate vanuserühmade haridustase rahvaloenduse andmeil (31. märts 2000, %-des)

  13. Physical workload, ergonomic problems, and incidence of low back injury: a 7.5-year prospective study of San Francisco transit operators. (United States)

    Krause, Niklas; Rugulies, Reiner; Ragland, David R; Syme, S Leonard


    The etiologic role of biomechanical factors for low back injury (LBI) needs to be confirmed in prospective studies that control for psychosocial factors. Complete baseline information on 1,233 vehicle operators was gathered during medical examinations and by questionnaire. First LBI during 7.5 years of follow-up was ascertained from insurance records. Hazard ratios and etiologic fractions were analyzed with Cox regression models stratified by injury severity and controlling for age, sex, height, weight, ethnicity, and biomechanical and psychosocial job factors. Severe LBI was defined as medically diagnosed postlaminectomy syndrome, spinal stenosis, herniated lumbar disc, sciatica, or spinal instability. An exponential dose-response relationship was found between weekly driving hours and incidence of first LBI. Indicators of physical workload were more strongly associated with more severe low back injuries compared to less severe injuries. Rates of severe LBI increased 39% for every 10-hr increase in weekly driving (hazard ratio 1.39, 95% confidence interval 1.15-1.68). Higher risks of severe LBI were also found among operators performing heavy physical labor on cable cars (hazard ratio 2.76, 95% confidence intervals 1.24-6.14) or reporting more ergonomic problems at baseline (HR for upper quartile 1.65 (95% confidence interval 1.08-2.50). Estimates of etiologic fractions suggest that reduction of ergonomic problems to the low level currently experienced by 25% of drivers would result in a 19% reduction of severe LBI among all drivers. A change from full- (more than 30 hr) to part-time driving (20-30 hr) could reduce the number of severe LBI by 59%, although this gain would be reduced to 28% at the company level if injuries expected among additional employees, hired to maintain full service are included. Duration of professional driving and ergonomic problems are independent and preventable risk factors for LBI even after adjustment for psychosocial factors.

  14. Physical workload, ergonomic problems, and incidence of low back injury: A 7.5-year prospective study of San Francisco transit operators


    Krause, Niklas; Rugulies, R.; Ragland, D R; Syme, S L


    Background: The etiologic role of biomechanical factors for low back injury (LBI) needs to be confirmed in prospective studies that control for psychosocial factors. Methods: Complete baseline information on 1,233 vehicle operators was gathered during medical examinations and by questionnaire. First LBI during 7.5 years of follow-up was ascertained from insurance records. Hazard ratios and etiologic fractions were analyzed with Cox regression models stratified by injury severity and controlli...

  15. Kõrgharidus tööturu teenistuses? / Thor-Sten Vertmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vertmann, Thor-Sten


    Eesti Tööandjate Keskliidu hariduspoliitika juhi sõnul ei ole kõrgharidus vastavuses tööturuga. Kõrgkoolidesse vastuvõetavate tudengite arv on ülepaisutatud, massiline gümnaasiumiharidus põhjustab kõrghariduse ületootmist. Et ühildada kõrgharidusstrateegias tööturu ja õppeasutuste huve, tuleks eelkõige kokku leppida eri haridustasemete rahastamise proportsioonides

  16. Lecithin-Bound Iodine Prevents Disruption of Tight Junctions of Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells under Hypoxic Stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masahiko Sugimoto


    Full Text Available Aim. We investigated whether lecithin-bound iodine (LBI can protect the integrity of tight junctions of retinal pigment epithelial cells from hypoxia. Method. Cultured human retinal pigment epithelial (ARPE-19 cells were pretreated with LBI. To mimic hypoxic conditions, cells were incubated with CoCl2. We compared the integrity of the tight junctions (TJs of control to cells with either LBI alone, CoCl2 alone, or LBI + CoCl2. The levels of cytokines in the conditioned media were also determined. Results. Significant decrease in the zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1 intensity in the CoCl2 group compared to the control (5787.7 ± 4126.4 in CoCl2 group versus 29244.6 ± 2981.2 in control; average ± standard deviation. But the decrease was not significant in the LBI + CoCl2 (27189.0 ± 11231.1. The levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1 and Chemokine (C-C Motif Ligand 11 (CCL-11 were significantly higher in the CoCl2 than in the control (340.8 ± 43.3 versus 279.7 ± 68.3 pg/mL for MCP-1, and 15.2 ± 12.9 versus 12.5 ± 6.1 pg/mL for CCL-11. With LBI pretreatment, the levels of both cytokines were decreased to 182.6 ± 23.8 (MCP-1 and 5.46 ± 1.9 pg/mL for CCL-11. Blockade of MCP-1 or CCL-11 also shows similar result representing TJ protection from hypoxic stress. Conclusions. LBI results in a protective action from hypoxia.

  17. Layered bismuth selenide utilized as hole transporting layer for highly stable organic photovoltaics

    KAUST Repository

    Yuan, Zhongcheng


    Abstract Layered bismuth selenide (L-Bi2Se3) nanoplates were implemented as hole transporting layers (HTLs) for inverted organic solar cells. Device based on L-Bi2Se3 showed increasing power conversion efficiency (PCE) during ambient condition storage process. A PCE of 4.37% was finally obtained after 5 days storage, which outperformed the ones with evaporated-MoO3 using poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) as donor material and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PC61BM) as acceptor. The improved device efficiency can be attributed to the high conductivity and increasing work function of L-Bi2Se3. The work function of L-Bi2Se3 increased with the storage time in ambient condition due to the oxygen atom doping. Ultraviolet photoelectron spectroscopy and high resolution X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy were conducted to verify the increased work function, which originated from the p-type doping process. The device based on L-Bi2Se3 exhibited excellent stability in ambient condition up to 4 months, which was much improved compared to the device based on traditional HTLs. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

  18. Biodiesel byproduct bioconversion to rhamnolipids: Upstream aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Maria Salazar-Bryam


    Full Text Available This study focused on two important aspects of the upstream process: the appropriate use of crude glycerol as a low-cost carbon source, and strain selection. The effect of different crude glycerol concentrations on rhamnolipid biosynthesis by two Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains (wild type LBI and mutant LBI 2A1 was studied. Finally, the synthesized rhamnolipids were characterized by mass spectrometry. When both strains were compared, 50 g/L was the most favorable concentration for both, but P. aeruginosa LBI 2A1 showed an increase in rhamnolipid production (2.55 g/L of 192% over wild type (1.3 g/L. The higher rhamnolipid production could be related to a possible mechanism developed after the mutation process at high antibiotic concentrations. Mass spectrometry confirmed the glycolipid nature of the produced biosurfactant, and the homologue composition showed a wide mixture of mono and di-rhamnolipids. These results show that high glycerol concentrations can inhibit microbial metabolism, due to osmotic stress, leading to a better understanding of glycerol metabolism towards its optimization in fermentation media. Since P. aeruginosa LBI 2A1 showed higher conversion yields than P. aeruginosa LBI, the use of a mutant strain associated with a low cost carbon source might improve biosurfactant biosynthesis, therefore yielding an important upstream improvement.

  19. Eestit külastasid õppekavaspetsialistid / Urve Läänemets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Läänemets, Urve


    Eesti Õppekava Ühingu kutsel viibis Tallinnas IAACS (International Association for Advancement of Curriculum Studies) president, Louisiana Ülikooli professor William Pinar. Teda saatsid Tampere Ülikooli professor Tero Autio ja Louisiana Ülikooli doktorand Jeff Turner. Külastati Õismäe vene lütseumi, Nõmme gümnaasiumi ja Inglise kolledžit. Õpetajate Majas toimunud loengul käsitles prof Pinar hariduspoliitika, õpetajakoolituse ja õppekavade arenduse probleeme USA-s

  20. Post-natal development of the African bush rat, Aethomys chrysophilus

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Finely distributed white hairs appeared on the belly on Day LBy the seventh day the ventral surface had a dense cover of white hairs, except for the genital ...... obscured by the artificial environment of the laboratory, which is designed to minimize mortality. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS. I should like to thank Dr. 1. Meester for his ...

  1. 77 FR 50545 - Members of Senior Executive Service Performance Review Boards (United States)


    ... Commissioner, International, Large Business and International (LB&I) Jonathan M. Davis, Chief of Staff... Act Program Management Office (IT) David A. Grant, Chief, Agency-Wide Shared Services (AWSS) Joseph H..., Director, Enterprise Collection Strategy (SB/SE) Gregory E. Kane, Deputy Chief Financial Officer, Chief...

  2. Energy sources of yoghurt bacteria and enhancement of their ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)



    May 23, 2011 ... examined. The effect of sucrose on uptake of galactose by the isolates was also examined. The four strains of L. bulgaricus (LBI, LB2, LB3 and LB4) and one strain of S. thermophilus (ST5) obtained had similar characteristics typical of lactic acid bacteria. Sugar fermentation by the isolates differed from.

  3. På byens kant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duelund Mortensen, Peder


    Artiklen beskriver det innovative arbejde med boligens form som udføres i VM-huset i Ørestaden, i Pærehaven i Ølby, Kirsebærparken i Trekroner og i Vejle hhv. Sandegraven og Grejsdalsparken. Det er boliger med fortolkningsmuligheder, "grundrum" og et socialt program udfoldet i boligtyper og fælle...

  4. Neuromuscular function in athletes following recovery from a recent acute low back injury. (United States)

    Cholewicki, Jacek; Greene, Hunter S; Polzhofer, Gert K; Galloway, Marc T; Shah, Riaz A; Radebold, Andrea


    Observational case control design. To examine muscle response to sudden trunk loading in athletes with and without a recent history of acute low back injury (LBI). Impaired neuromuscular function is associated with chronic low back pain. This study examined whether such impairment persists after recovery from an acute LBI. Seventeen athletes who had a recent history of acute LBI and 17 matched healthy controls were tested. At the time of testing (mean = 56 days postinjury, range = 7-120 days postinjury), all athletes were symptom free and had returned to regular competition. Subjects performed isometric exertions in trunk flexion, extension, and left and right lateral bending against a trunk restraining cable. Upon reaching the target isometric force, the cable was released to impose sudden loading on the lumbar spine. Surface EMG signals from 12 major trunk muscles were recorded. The shut-off and switch-on latencies and number of muscles responding to sudden loading were compared between the 2 groups. In all 4 testing directions, the athletes with a recent history of acute LBI shut off significantly fewer muscles and did so with delayed latency. On average, the injured subjects shut off 4.0 out of 6.0 (SD = 1.3) muscles compared to 4.6 out of 6.0 (SD = 1.3) muscles in the control group. The average muscle shut-off latency was 71 (SD = 31) milliseconds for the injured and 50 (SD = 21) milliseconds for the control subjects. No differences were found in number or latency of muscles switching on. These objective measures of neuromuscular function indicated an altered muscle response pattern to sudden trunk loading in athletes following their clinical recovery from a recent acute LBI.

  5. Comparison of Pork Quality and Sensory Characteristics for Antibiotic Free Yorkshire Crossbreds Raised in Hoop Houses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Whitley


    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to compare pork characteristics and to determine consumer acceptability of pork chops from antibiotic free Yorkshire crossbreds sired by Berkshire (BY, Large Black (LBY, Tamworth (TY or Yorkshire (YY boars and reared in hoop houses. The experiments were conducted at the North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (NCA&TSU Farm in Greensboro, NC and the Cherry Research Station Center for Environmental Farming Systems (CEFS Alternative Swine Unit in Goldsboro, NC (source of antibiotic free Yorkshire sows used at both places. Twenty-four sows were artificially inseminated at each location in each of three trials. Litters were weaned at 4 wks old, and reared within deep-bedded outdoor hoop houses. To compare pork characteristics, 104 randomly selected animals were harvested at a USDA-inspected abattoir at approximately 200 d of age. Variables measured included pH, color score, L*, a*, b*, marbling score, drip loss, hot carcass weight, backfat thickness (BF, loin muscle area (LMA, and slice shear force. Sensory panel tests were also conducted at two time periods. The data was analyzed with GLM in SAS 9.01 including location, trial, and sire breed as fixed effects. Backfat thickness, LMA, color score and a* were different among breeding groups (p<0.05. The LBY pigs had thicker backfat and smaller LMA than the other breed types. The TY and YY had less backfat than all other breed groups. Color score was lower for YY than BY and LBY but intermediate for TY. The a* was lower for TY than other breeds except LBY which was intermediate. For one sensory panel test, YY pork was more preferred overall as well as for juiciness and texture compared to BY and LBY (p<0.05, but no impact of breed type was noted for the other test, with values similar for BY, LBY, TY and YY pork. This information may help small farmers make decisions about breed types to use for outdoor production.

  6. Hawking radiation and entropy of a black hole in Lovelock-Born-Infeld gravity from the quantum tunneling approach (United States)

    Li, Gu-Qiang


    The tunneling radiation of particles from black holes in Lovelock-Born-Infeld (LBI) gravity is studied by using the Parikh-Wilczek (PW) method, and the emission rate of a particle is calculated. It is shown that the emission spectrum deviates from the purely thermal spectrum but is consistent with an underlying unitary theory. Compared to the conventional tunneling rate related to the increment of black hole entropy, the entropy of the black hole in LBI gravity is obtained. The entropy does not obey the area law unless all the Lovelock coefficients equal zero, but it satisfies the first law of thermodynamics and is in accordance with earlier results. It is distinctly shown that the PW tunneling framework is related to the thermodynamic laws of the black hole. Supported by Guangdong Natural Science Foundation (2016A030307051, 2015A030313789)

  7. Integrated Technology Rotor Methodology Assessment Workshop Held in Moffett Field, California on 21-22 Jun 1983 (United States)


    mass and stiffness properties distribution for blade with soft pitch flexure Blade Weight, EI8, Elt , GJ, 2 le, station, lb/in. lb-ig.2 i lb-i. lb-in...we won’t have to wait 9 yr until we have another one because I probably won’t be alive then. Our Chairman gave me a homework problem: what role does

  8. Import zaopatrzeniowy i inwestycyjny a perspektywy uczenia się przedsiębiorstw przemysłowych z województwa łódzkiego


    Gabrielczak, Piotr; Kłysik-Uryszek, Agnieszka


    The article focuses on import of intermediate and capital goods and its impact on economic performance of manufacturing enterprises from Lodz Voivodeship. The first selection outlines the New New Trade Theory postulates about relation between firm’s productivity and its engagement in import. One of them is learning-by-importing hypothesis (LBI). The second section presents results of CAWI research, which applied to economic efficiency of intermediate and capital goods importers...

  9. Import zaopatrzeniowy i inwestycyjny a perspektywy uczenia sie przedsiebiorstw przemyslowych z wojewodztwa lodzkiego / Import of intermediate and capital goods and learning perspectives for manufacturing enterprises from Lodz voivodeship


    Piotr Gabrielczak; Agnieszka Klysik-Uryszek


    The article focuses on import of intermediate and capital goods and its impact on economic performance of manufacturing enterprises from Lodz Voivodeship. The first selection outlines the New New Trade Theory postulates about relation between firms productivity and its engagement in import. One of them is learning-by-importing hypothesis (LBI). The second section presents results of CAWI research, which applied to economic efficiency of intermediate and capital goods importers form Lodz regio...

  10. Military Petroleum Pipeline Systems (United States)


    hrelationships Identified ill 60 si. a.. 4-s 1so ofI es 6 I 1*0101 0 -- ----- r r l ,..-~ I Figure 22. The matrix acn (hen be used to compare pairs of...iiScluirpipe," Weights of’ 4-inch-, 6-Inch-. and 8-hIch-dIameter plpe~ tire 2.77 lb/rt, 5.91) lb/It, Lind 9.35 lb/I’t, respectively; corresponding working p

  11. Solution of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations using artificial compressibility methods (United States)

    Briley, W. R.; Buggeln, R. C.; Mcdonald, H.


    A modified artificial compressibility formulation is derived from a preconditioned low Mach number compressible formulation, and these two methods are compared on a two-dimensional laminar leading edge flow using a LBI/ADI solution algorithm. The two methods are essentially equivalent with appropriate preconditioning parameters and have the same convergence rates and efficiency, giving 4 orders of residual reduction in about 75 iterations with a vectorized CRAY-XMP run time of 20 seconds for 3000 grid points.

  12. Traditional Lectures and Team-Based Learning in an Occupational Therapy Program: A Survey of Student Perceptions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne H. Zachry


    Full Text Available Background: Team-Based Learning (TBL is an active instructional approach used in health care education that incorporates group work. Methods: Two occupational therapy professors adopted a TBL instructional approach in two courses for firstand second-year occupational therapy master’s degree level students. The investigators administered a survey to evaluate student perceptions of TBL and lecture-based instruction (LBI. A principal components factor analysis with varimax rotation identified two 5-item factors: “perceptions of LBI” and “perceptions of TBL.” Internal consistency for each factor was strong (Cronbach’s alpha 5 0.856 [preference for LBI]; 0.865 [preference of TBL]. A Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test was conducted to determine whether there was a difference in the ranking of two teaching approaches. Results: The results indicated a significant difference in how the students ranked the instructional approaches, z = -3.19, p < .05, with the students having more positive perceptions of LBI than TBL. Conclusion: The implications for occupational therapy educators are discussed.

  13. Problem-based learning through field investigation: Boosting questioning skill, biological literacy, and academic achievement (United States)

    Suwono, Hadi; Wibowo, Agung


    Biology learning emphasizes problem-based learning as a learning strategy to develop students ability in identifying and solving problems in the surrounding environment. Problem identification skills are closely correlated with questioning skills. By holding this skill, students tend to deliver a procedural question instead of the descriptive one. Problem-based learning through field investigation is an instruction model which directly exposes the students to problems or phenomena that occur in the environment, and then the students design the field investigation activities to solve these problems. The purpose of this research was to describe the improvement of undergraduate biology students on questioning skills, biological literacy, and academic achievement through problem-based learning through field investigation (PBFI) compared with the lecture-based instruction (LBI). This research was a time series quasi-experimental design. The research was conducted on August - December 2015 and involved 26 undergraduate biology students at the State University of Malang on the Freshwater Ecology course. The data were collected during the learning with LBI and PBFI, in which questioning skills, biological literacy, and academic achievement were collected 3 times in each learning model. The data showed that the procedural correlative and causal types of questions are produced by the students to guide them in conducting investigations and problem-solving in PBFI. The biological literacy and academic achievement of the students at PBFI are significantly higher than those at LBI. The results show that PBFI increases the questioning skill, biological literacy, and the academic achievement of undergraduate biology students.

  14. Comparison of Growth Performance of Antibiotic-free Yorkshire Crossbreds Sired by Berkshire, Large Black, and Tamworth Breeds Raised in Hoop Structures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Whitley


    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to compare body weight, ADG, and feed:gain ratio of antibiotic-free pigs from Yorkshire dams and sired by Yorkshire (YY, Berkshire (BY, Large Black (LBY or Tamworth (TY boars. All the crossbred pigs in each of three trials were raised as one group from weaning to finishing in the same deep-bedded hoop, providing a comfortable environment for the animals which allowed rooting and other natural behaviors. Birth, weaning and litter weights were measured and recorded. From approximately 50 kg to market weight (125 kg, feed intake and body weights were recorded manually (body weight or using a FIRE (Feed Intake Recording Equipment, Osborne Industries Inc. Osborne, Kansas system with eight individual feeding stations. Feed intake data for 106 finishing pigs between 140 and 210 d of age and the resulting weights and feed conversion ratios were analyzed by breed type. Least square means for body weights (birth, weaning and to 240 d were estimated with Proc Mixed in SAS 9.2 for fixed effects such as crossbreed and days of age within the sire breed. The differences within fixed effects were compared using least significant differences with DIFF option. Individual birth weights and weaning weights were influenced by sire breed (p<0.05. For birth weight, BY pigs were the lightest, TY and YY pigs were the heaviest but similar to each other and LBY pigs were intermediate. For weaning weights, BY and LBY pigs were heavier than TY and YY pigs. However, litter birth and weaning weights were not influenced by sire breed, and average daily gain was also not significantly different among breed types. Tamworth sired pigs had lower overall body weight gain, and feed conversion was lower in TY and YY groups than BY and LBY groups (p<0.05, however, number of observations was somewhat limited for feed conversion and for Tamworth pigs. Overall, no convincing differences among breed types were noted for this study, but growth performance in

  15. Associação de biomembrana com quitosana e laser de baixa intensidade para bioestimulação tecidual em ratos


    Coelho, Bárbara Dantas


    O sucesso de qualquer procedimento cirúrgico depende do reparo tecidual final. Com isso, a associação de biomembrana com quitosana e do laser de baixa intensidade (LBI), já comprovados os efeitos cicatrizantes separadamente, poderá acelerar esse processo. A pesquisa foi realizada após aprovação do Comitê de Ética no Uso de Animais (CEUA) da Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do sul (UFMS), protocolo 666/2015. Foram utilizados 33 ratos Wistar, procedentes do biotério da UFMS, machos, com apro...

  16. Testing of Compounds for Efficacy against Schistosomiasis. (United States)


    2 UNCLASSIFIED DAMDi7-95-C-5209 F/ G 6/15 UL 11𔃿 j j . 11_. W-I - - % (*J~f ~ HP OlIC FILE COPY *AD "Testing of Compounds for Efficacy Against...Liang, Y.S., 1974. Cultivation of Bulinus (5hy Q pis) g2.kous (Morelet) and BiQmphalaria pfeiffri pfeifferi (Krauss), snail hosts of schistosomiasis...Digenea). flacQ1. g " 11:225:280. 10. Sandt, D.G., Bruce, H.I. and Radke, M.G., 1965. A system for mass producing the snail Ausatra1Qbjiz Lbi.atus and

  17. Recrystallized thin-film silicon solar cell on graphite substrate with laser single side contact and hydrogen passivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Da


    Full Text Available Laser single side contact formation (LSSC and the hydrogen passivation process are studied and developed for crystalline silicon thin film (CSiTF solar cells on graphite substrates. The results demonstrate that these two methods can improve cell performance by increasing the open circuit voltage and fill factor. In comparison with our previous work, we have achieved an increase of 3.4% absolute cell efficiency for a 40 μm thick 4 cm2 aperture area silicon thin film solar cell on graphite substrate. Current density-voltage (J-V measurement, quantum efficiency (QE and light beam induced current (LBiC are used as characterization methods.

  18. The Origin of the Binary-Search Paradigm, (United States)


    examil, stppose we want to specify the program .4qrt to yield a real umitmber z Ihat is -i within a given tolerance ( less thai Vf, the exac’t square root...tableau, is at Set of rolus, each of which uust couut aill a sentencee, e’ither allt assertionf or a gJol; ;my~ of these rows muay contain ait...coiuuuoii siuuh"t’utiuce pJit, 1)), iiilicatel lby boxes. Therecnfore we muay (hen ye andi add~ to mllr tableaul I ie( ihew goal1 0 y true and q(a) if p (a, b

  19. Report on the ENIAC (Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer) (United States)


    to 6 of ~ A output. The right hand six columna of switches teed; the lines one to siz on the B outpat. It one desires to tranllllit. -other...table :t-ll-120 or !1111!111 table on Pl-ll-U6). 12, u, o, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, a, ’· Tbere are eight:y columna on the CIU’d and 9.U or these...E-boa.rd 1s ao wirod that tho colWIIDI (A, B. C, D, and E) corrospcmd. ta the first five columna on the lBi& card, Suppose, furtherl:loro, that

  20. Battlefield Management System: Data Requirements to Support Passage of Company Level Tactical Information. (United States)


    terrain profiles, represent the norms . The authors also assumed that the sampled units’ tactical operating procedures are representative of a cross...12762 12773 12791 29 H Y 305 F A 5 065 12794 12805 12819 25 D Y 284 F A 5 06b 12821 12826 12828 7 H Y 60 F A 5 067 12830 12834 12849 19 U Y 193 S A 5 068...Office. Code 371 Department of Comp uter Technology Naval Posteraduate Scool M onterey. California 93943-5000 4. Norm R. Lvons. Code 54LBI Department

  1. Optical methods for correction of oxygen-transport characteristics of blood and their biomedical applications (United States)

    Zalesskaya, G. A.; Akulich, N. V.; Marochkov, A. V.; Laskina, O. V.; Mit'kovskaya, N. P.


    We have carried out a comprehensive analysis of the spectral characteristics of blood and blood components, gas-exchange and oximetry parameters for venous and arterial blood, central hemodynamic parameters, and the results of a complete blood count and chemistry panel before and after extracorporeal UV irradiation of the blood (UBI, ultraviolet blood irradiation) or intravenous exposure of blood to low-intensity emission from an He-Ne laser (LBI, laser blood irradiation). We have demonstrated the possibility of correcting the oxygentransport characteristics of blood by laser optical methods based on photodissociation of blood oxyhemoglobin. We have shown that the therapeutic effects initiated both by UBI and LBI are based on a single mechanism: a change in the balance between production of active oxygen species and their inhibition by antioxidants. The data obtained are of interest not only for studying the primary (molecular) mechanisms of action for photohemotherapy and their effect on processes occurring in the living body, but also can provide a basis for designing next-generation laser optical instruments and for development of not yet existing methods for assessing the therapeutic efficacy of photohemotherapy.

  2. Synthesis of silica glass fibers and nanoparticles by continuous-wave laser backside irradiation (United States)

    Saito, Namiko; Hidai, Hirofumi; Matsusaka, Souta; Chiba, Akira; Morita, Noboru


    We have developed a novel method to synthesize fibers and nanoparticles of silica glass using a continuous-wave laser. The synthesis process operates through continuous-wave laser backside irradiation (CW-LBI) of a glass substrate. In CW-LBI, a spindle-shaped emission is generated in the glass bulk along the optical axis; the emission propagates toward the light source as a confined plasma. The emission and its surroundings contain vaporized and molten glass. When the laser irradiation continues for a sufficient duration, the emission forefront reaches the glass surface, at which point vaporized and molten glass are ejected explosively. The ejected glass forms fibers and nanoparticles. Some of the nanoparticles become attached to the fiber surfaces during the explosion. The fiber diameters range from hundreds of nanometers to more than 10 μm. The particles on the fiber surfaces have diameters of tens of nanometers. A spindle-shaped hole remained in the glass substrate after the ejection, which had a depth of 3.8 mm. This result indicated that the ejected materials originated from deep inside the glass bulk. High-speed camera observations of the ejection process and scanning electron microscopy of the ejected materials indicated that the fibers formed from the extraction from molten silica glass and particles formed by aggregation of vaporized silica glass.

  3. Dominasi dan ketidakadilan negara dan korporasi dalam kasus bencana lumpur Lapindo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oman Sukmana


    research include: (1 Lapindo mudflow disaster victims; (2 group coordinator of Lapindo mudflow disaster victims; (3 Public figures Siring village, Tanggulangin, Renokenongo, Jabon, and Jatirejo, Porong district, Sidoarjo; (4 Representation of the corporation (PT. LBI; and (5 Representation of BPLS. The data collection process using the in-deepth interviews, observation, focus group discussions, and review documents. Stage processing and data analysis includes the coding process, memoing, and concept mapping. The results showed that the government (the state and the corporation (PT LBI action dominating the oil and gas resource management in the area of Porong district, Sidoarjo regency, East Java, resulting misery for the victims (people. Forms of injustice felt by residents Lapindo mudflow disaster victims not only related to the issue of compensation for land and building assets alone, but more than that, including various dimensions. Through a variety of collective action, such as demonstrations and negotiations, Lapindo mudflow disaster victims filed various charges, such as demands for payment of compensation for land and building assets destroyed.

  4. Probiotic bacteria Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM and Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 versus placebo for the symptoms of bloating in patients with functional bowel disorders: a double-blind study. (United States)

    Ringel-Kulka, Tamar; Palsson, Olafur S; Maier, Danielle; Carroll, Ian; Galanko, Joseph A; Leyer, Gregory; Ringel, Yehuda


    Recent data suggest a role for the intestinal microbiota in the pathogenesis of functional bowel disorders (FBDs). Probiotic studies in FBDs generated inconsistent results suggesting a strain-specific and product-specific effect. To investigate the clinical efficacy of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM (L-NCFM) and Bifidobacterium lactis Bi-07 (B-LBi07) in nonconstipation FBDs. A double-blind, placebo-control clinical trial of the probiotic bacterias L-NCFM and B-LBi07 twice a day (2×10(11) CFU/d) versus placebo over 8 weeks. Primary endpoints were global relief of gastrointestinal symptoms and satisfaction with treatment. Secondary endpoints were change in symptoms severity, well-being, and quality of life. Microbiological effect was assessed by quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction on fecal samples. Sixty patients (probiotic, n=31; placebo, n=29), 72% females, 84% whites, mean age 37 years. Abdominal bloating improved in the probiotics compared with the placebo group at 4 weeks (4.10 vs 6.17, P=0.009; change in bloating severity P=0.02) and 8 weeks (4.26 vs 5.84, P=0.06; change in bloating severity Pbacteria in the pathophysiology of FBD and the role for probiotic bacteria in the management of these disorders.

  5. Dicty_cDB: AFB774 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available : (bits) Value N BI435717 |BI435717.1 EST538478 P. infestans-challenged potato le...|BI433279.1 EST536040 P. infestans-challenged leaf Solanum tuberosum cDNA clone PPCBC62 5' sequence, mRNA se...quence. 48 0.24 1 BQ046631 |BQ046631.1 EST595749 P. infestans-challenged potato l...|BI435853.1 EST538614 P. infestans-challenged leaf Solanum tuberosum cDNA clone PPCCL22 5' sequence, mRNA se...quence. 48 0.24 1 BG591390 |BG591390.1 EST499232 P. infestans-challenged leaf Sol

  6. Laser-light backscattering response to water content and proteolysis in dry-cured ham

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fulladosa, E.; Rubio-Celorio, M.; Skytte, Jacob Lercke


    of laser incidence) and to analyse the laser-light backscattering changes caused by additional hot air drying and proteolysis of dry-cured ham slices. The feasibility of the technology to determine water content and proteolysis (which is related to textural characteristics) of commercial sliced dry...... was only detected when the water content was decreased (618 mm(2) per 1% weight loss). Changes on scattering of light profiles were only observed when the water content changed. Although there is a good correlation between water content and LBI parameters when analysing commercial samples, proteolysis...... index has an important effect on the response. This fact hinder estimation of dry-cured ham composition and textural characteristics of dry-cured ham. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved....

  7. Eficácia a curto prazo do laser de baixa intensidade em pacientes com osteoartrite do joelho: ensaio clínico aleatório, placebo-controlado e duplo-cego Short-term efficacy of low-level laser therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized placebo-controlled, double-blind clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vanessa Ovanessian Fukuda


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Este estudo foi designado para avaliar a eficácia a curto prazo da laserterapia de baixa intensidade (LBI na melhora da dor e função em pacientes portadores de osteoartrite (OA do joelho. MÉTODOS: Participaram deste ensaio clínico aleatório, duplo-cego e controlado 47 pacientes (79 joelhos de ambos os sexos portadores de OA do joelho, que foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos; grupo laser com 25 pacientes (41 joelhos e grupo placebo com 22 pacientes (38 joelhos. A LBI foi realizada três vezes por semana totalizando nove sessões, com uso do laser AsGa de 904nm, 60mW de potência média e 0,5cm² de área do feixe, sendo irradiados nove pontos no joelho com energia de 3,0J por ponto. O grupo placebo foi tratado com o mesmo aparelho de laser, porém com uma caneta selada. As avaliações Lequesne, escala visual numérica (EVN, Timed Up and Go (TUG, goniometria e dinamometria foram realizadas antes do início do tratamento e após as nove sessões da LBI. RESULTADOS: Foi encontrada melhora significante da dor e função para todas as avaliações aplicadas no grupo laser. Quando comparado o grupo laser ao grupo placebo encontrou-se diferença significante para as avaliações EVN-Repouso e Lequesne. CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento com a LBI melhora a dor e função a curto prazo de pacientes portadores de OA do joelho.OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the short-term efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT for improving pain and function in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: Forty-seven patients with knee osteoarthritis (79 knees, of both genders, participated in this randomized controlled double-blind clinical trial. They were randomly allocated to two groups: laser group with 25 patients (41 knees and placebo group with 22 patients (38 knees. LLLT was performed three times a week, totaling nine sessions, using a AsGa 904 nm laser with mean power of 60 mW and beam area of 0.5 cm². Nine points were

  8. Numerical and experimental investigation of nonswirling and swirling confined jets (United States)

    Brondum, D. C.; Bennett, J. C.; Weinberg, B. C.; Mcdonald, H.


    An investigation of the influence of large scale structures on the flow development for coaxial jets with sudden expansion (with and without swirl) is presented. Both an experimental study and numerical predictions were performed for a configuration corresponding to that considered by Johnson and Bennett and Roback and Johnson. The effects of large scale structures on the swirling and nonswirling flows are documented, in particular their influence on turbulence modeling and the numerical simulation. The ensemble-averaged, time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations are solved by an LBI procedure to predict the turbulent flow field. Effects of artificial dissipation and placement of the upstream boundary in the numerical computation are also discussed.

  9. Experimental Studies of Radial Wave Thermoacoustic Engines. Navy Environmentally Safe Ships Program. (United States)


    Rascd i.n;o’l. nhe I, ~y~ ~xc~~n~a the 1 ~e.r fN~~s:’ S{ next to the stack, the initial cold heat exchanger design consisted of copper tubing to cool the...ion in tu,bes ,•ith .v..triAe rs.s on Lby in-t.:-u, , the changirg tube cross-sectionat area inai the wave ecuation; as in Webster’s horn equation (Fq...the engine, Arf Sr) the resonator cross-see:iona! area at r. Ap(r) the cross-sectional area of" a porn at r, V; >h :c .... ,Ar tk. resonator at r

  10. The internal structure of the unit performance construct as measured by the performance index (PI1

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    Roline Henning


    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the internal structure of the Performance Index in order to establish the interrelationships between the eight unit performance latent variables. The present study forms part of a larger study aimed at validating the Leadership Behaviour Inventory (LBI (Spangenberg & Theron, 2002b against work unit performance. The validation sample, after imputation of missing values, consisted of 273 cases with observations on all 56 items. Item analysis and dimensionality analysis was performed on each of the sub-scales using SPSS-windows. Thereafter, confirmatory factor analysis was performed on the reduced data set using LISREL. The results indicated satisfactory factor loadings on the measurement model. Acceptable model fit was achieved. Subsequently, the structural model was tested using LISREL. The results provided statistics of good fit. Only four hypotheses failed to be corroborated in this study. The results are discussed and suggestions for further research are made. Opsomming Die doel van hierdie studie was om die interne struktuur van die Performance Indexs (PI (Spangenberg en Theron, 2002b te ondersoek ten einde die interverwantskappe tussen die agt latente eeheidprestasiedimensies te bepaal. Hierdie studie vorm deel van ’n meer omvattende studie wat daarop gemik is om die Leadership Behaviour Inventory (LBI teen werkeenheidprestasie te valideer. Die steekproef, na imputasie van ontbrekende waardes, het uit 273 gevalle bestaan met waarnemings ten opsigte van al 56 items. Item- en dimensionaliteitontledings is met behulp van SPSS-windows op elke subskaal gedoen. Bevestigende faktorontleding is daarna met behulp van LISREL op die verkleinde datastel uitgevoer. Die resultate het op bevredigende faktorbeladings vir die metingsmodel en ’n bevredigende passing van die metingsmodel gedui. Daarna is die strukturele model met behulp van LISREL getoets. Die resultate het bevredigende passing getoon, met

  11. Deficiência como restrição de participação social: desafios para avaliação a partir da Lei Brasileira de Inclusão

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    Wederson Santos

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo discute os principais avanços e desafios em avaliar a deficiência como restrição de participação social. Essa nova compreensão é oriunda da Classificação Internacional de Funcionalidade, Incapacidade e Saúde – CIF da OMS de 2001, da Convenção sobre os Direitos das Pessoas com Deficiência da ONU de 2006 e, mais recentemente, da Lei Brasileira de Inclusão – LBI, de 2015, conhecida também como Estatuto da Pessoa com Deficiência. A mudança de compreensão sobre a deficiência de uma perspectiva meramente biomédica, para uma compreensão como desigualdade social reforça a ideia da deficiência não como atributo individual, mas como resultado de uma sociedade despreparada para a diversidade humana. A partir de uma análise documental do marco legislativo sobre as políticas para as pessoas com deficiência, sobretudo, da LBI e das avaliações da deficiência que já utilizam a CIF no país, o argumento defendido é o de que classificar e valorar a deficiência nessa perspectiva é desafiante para profissionais avaliadores e para as políticas públicas brasileiras. Principalmente, devido aos desafios para apreciar as barreiras e os fatores ambientais que impedem a plena participação das pessoas com deficiência na sociedade.

  12. Does Body Mass Index Reduction by Bariatric Surgery Affect Laryngoscopy Difficulty During Subsequent Anesthesia? (United States)

    Shimonov, Mordechai; Schechter, Pinhas; Boaz, Mona; Waintrob, Ronen; Ezri, Tiberiu


    The effect of body mass index (BMI) reduction following bariatric surgery on subsequent airway management has not been investigated. This study aimed to investigate the association between BMI reduction and airway assessment and management measured by Mallampati class (MC) and laryngoscopy grade (LG). We conducted a retrospective study over 6 years to compare the BMI changes, MC and LG in patients having weight reduction bariatric surgery followed by subsequent surgery. Data was extracted from the anesthesia records of patients undergoing laparoscopic band insertion (LBI) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG). Difficult airway was defined as Malampati class 3 and 4 on a 1-4 difficulty scale or laryngoscopy grade >2 on a 1-4 difficulty scale and need for unplanned fiberoptic intubation. Changes in these variables were correlated with weight reduction. Statistical analysis included t test, univariante, and multivariant logistic regression. Five hundred forty-six patients underwent LSG and 83 patients had LBI during the study period. Of those patients, 65 patients had subsequent surgical procedures after the bariatric procedure. Of the 65 patients identified, 62 were eligible. BMI decreased by approximately13 kg/m 2 (p = 0.000) which roughly represents a 30 % reduction between the two surgical procedures. Mallampati class decreased significantly (p = 0.000) while laryngoscopy grade did not (p = 0.419). Our study revealed that a significant reduction in BMI was associated with a significant decrease in Mallampati class. There was no significant decrease in laryngoscopy grade, and there was no case of unplanned fiberoptic intubation.

  13. Large-scale, high-definition Ground Penetrating Radar prospection in archaeology (United States)

    Trinks, I.; Kucera, M.; Hinterleitner, A.; Löcker, K.; Nau, E.; Neubauer, W.; Zitz, T.


    The future demands on professional archaeological prospection will be its ability to cover large areas in a time and cost efficient manner with very high spatial resolution and accuracy. The objective of the 2010 in Vienna established Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for Archaeological Prospection and Virtual Archaeology (LBI ArchPro) in collaboration with its eight European partner organisations is the advancement of state-of-the-art archaeological sciences. The application and specific further development of remote sensing, geophysical prospection and virtual reality applications, as well as of novel integrated interpretation approaches dedicated to non-invasive spatial archaeology combining near-surface prospection methods with advanced computer science is crucial for modern archaeology. Within the institute's research programme different areas for distinct case studies in Austria, Germany, Norway, Sweden and the UK have been selected as basis for the development and testing of new concepts for efficient and universally applicable tools for spatial, non-invasive archaeology. In terms of geophysical prospection the investigation of entire archaeological landscapes for the exploration and protection of Europe's buried cultural heritage requires new measurement devices, which are fast, accurate and precise. Therefore the further development of motorized, multichannel survey systems and advanced navigation solutions is required. The use of motorized measurement devices for archaeological prospection implicates several technological and methodological challenges. Latest multichannel Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) arrays mounted in front off, or towed behind motorized survey vehicles permit large-scale GPR prospection surveys with unprecedented spatial resolution. In particular the motorized 16 channel 400 MHz MALÅ Imaging Radar Array (MIRA) used by the LBI ArchPro in combination with latest automatic data positioning and navigation solutions permits the reliable high

  14. From civil interdiction to supported decision-making: a necessary change in the recognition of legal capacity and human rights of people with disabilities

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    Cícero Pereira Alencar


    Full Text Available This article discusses the legal and social impact of the internalization, within the Brazilian law, of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD, 2008 and its regulations - through the Brazilian Law on the Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities (LBI. The focus of the analysis is the recognition of the legal capacity and the effectiveness of the human rights of persons with disabilities and their impact on legal institutions of guardianship and civil interdiction. To this end, a bibliographical and documentary research was conducted and, based on the theory of social justice, by Martha C. Nussbaum, embedded on the concept of capacity, as well as the critical theory of human rights, by Joaquín Herrera Flores. Our goal was to investigate whether the Brazilian Courts of Appeal had applied the CRPD. In theory, the higher the observance of the Convention, the greater the recognition of the autonomy and legal capacity of persons with disabilities; and thus lower the number of the cases of civil interdiction. The results obtained from the analysis of the data from the Court of Appeal of the state of Minas Gerais, from the period of 2010-2014, indicate findings on the opposite direction.

  15. Use of weathered diesel oil as a low-cost raw material for biosurfactant production

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    A. P. Mariano


    Full Text Available This work aimed to investigate the capability of biosurfactant production by Staphylococcus hominis, Kocuria palustris and Pseudomonas aeruginosa LBI, using weathered diesel oil from a long-standing spillage as raw material. The effect of the culture media (Robert or Bushnell-Haas and of the carbon source (spilled diesel oil or commercial diesel oil on biosurfactant production was evaluated. Erlenmeyer flasks (250 mL containing the cell broth were agitated (240 rpm for 144 h at 27±2ºC. Biosurfactant production was monitored according to the De Nöuy ring method using a Krüss K6 tensiometer. Considering the possibility of intracellular storage of biosurfactant in the cell wall of the cultures S. hominis and K. palustris, experiments were also done applying ultrasound as a way to rupture the cells. For the conditions studied, the cultures did not indicate production of biosurfactants. Results obtained with a hydrocarbon biodegradability test based on the redox indicator 2,6-dichlorophenol indophenol showed that only the commercial diesel was biodegraded by the cultures.

  16. Electrolytic treatment and biosurfactants applied to the conservation of Eugenia uniflora fruit

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    Guilherme DILARRI


    Full Text Available Abstract Microorganisms are the primary responsible for food poisoning and food spoilage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate different fruit washing methods with tap water, electrolyzed water and rhamnolipids solution produced by Pseudomonas aeruginosa LBI, in order to inhibit microbial growth. The tested organism was Eugenia uniflora. The fruits were washed and periodically inoculated into culture media to evaluate and count the colonies on the fruit surface. It was also observed the deterioration level of the fruits after each treatment. The results showed that treatment with rhamnolipids were the most efficient, inhibiting the growth of fungi and bacteria. The electrolyzed water proved to be very efficient in bacterial inhibition at the initial time, but in the final time it did not present any inhibitory effect. The electrolyzed water was also not effective in eliminating fungus. Washing with tap water was the less efficient treatment of all. The only treatment that showed an increased durability has been with rhamnolipids, increasing shelf life by up to two days. Thus rhamnolipids are the most recommended method for fruits sanitation.

  17. Assessing the impact of health technology assessment on the Austrian healthcare system. (United States)

    Schumacher, Ines; Zechmeister, Ingrid


    In Austria, research in health technology assessment (HTA) has been conducted since the 1990s. The aim of this study is to analyze whether the HTA research program of the Institute of Technology Assessment (ITA) and the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for HTA (LBI-HTA) have had an impact on the Austrian healthcare system. We applied qualitative and quantitative empirical research methods, such as interviewing, download analysis, questionnaire, retrospective routine data analysis, and media analysis. Data were analyzed according to a conceptual framework, considering seven impact categories (awareness, acceptance, process, decision, practice, final outcomes, enlightenment) and different target groups. A rising number of downloads and single HTA reports with high media interest were identified. Interviews showed that HTA reports have increasingly been used for investment and reimbursement decisions, as well as for the preparation of negotiations. Economic impact was indicated by decreased expenditures due to HTA recommendations. Overall, knowledge about evidence-based medicine increased and, in places, an "HTA culture" can be recognized. Yet, several decision-making processes occur at all levels without the use of HTA. The analysis demonstrated an impact within all predefined categories; however, it depends on the system level and its target groups. HTA reports are primarily used by hospital management, (social) insurances, and the Austrian Ministry of Health. Nevertheless, there is still potential to increase the impact of HTA. Therefore, the inclusion of HTA in decision-making processes in Austria needs to move from a voluntary basis to a mandatory one.

  18. Biodegradability of commercial and weathered diesel oils Biodegradabilidade de óleos diesel comercial e intemperizado

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    Adriano Pinto Mariano


    Full Text Available This work aimed to evaluate the capability of different microorganisms to degrade commercial diesel oil in comparison to a weathered diesel oil collected from the groundwater at a petrol station. Two microbiological methods were used for the biodegradability assessment: the technique based on the redox indicator 2,6 - dichlorophenol indophenol (DCPIP and soil respirometric experiments using biometer flasks. In the former we tested the bacterial cultures Staphylococcus hominis, Kocuria palustris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa LBI, Ochrobactrum anthropi and Bacillus cereus, a commercial inoculum, consortia obtained from soil and groundwater contaminated with hydrocarbons and a consortium from an uncontaminated area. In the respirometric experiments it was evaluated the capability of the native microorganisms present in the soil from a petrol station to biodegrade the diesel oils. The redox indicator experiments showed that only the consortia, even that from an uncontaminated area, were able to biodegrade the weathered diesel. In 48 days, the removal of the total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH in the respirometric experiments was approximately 2.5 times greater when the commercial diesel oil was used. This difference was caused by the consumption of labile hydrocarbons, present in greater quantities in the commercial diesel oil, as demonstrated by gas chromatographic analyses. Thus, results indicate that biodegradability studies that do not consider the weathering effect of the pollutants may over estimate biodegradation rates and when the bioaugmentation is necessary, the best strategy would be that one based on injection of consortia, because even cultures with recognised capability of biodegrading hydrocarbons may fail when applied isolated.Este trabalho objetivou avaliar a capacidade de diferentes microrganismos em degradar óleo diesel comercial em comparação com um óleo diesel intemperizado coletado da água subterrânea em um posto de combust

  19. Rhizobium leguminosarum symbiovar trifolii, Ensifer numidicus and Mesorhizobium amorphae symbiovar ciceri (or Mesorhizobium loti) are new endosymbiotic bacteria of Lens culinaris Medik. (United States)

    Sami, Dhaoui; Mokhtar, Rejili; Peter, Mergaert; Mohamed, Mars


    A total of 142 rhizobial bacteria were isolated from root nodules of Lens culinaris Medik endemic to Tunisia and they belonged to the species Rhizobium leguminosarum, and for the first time to Ensifer and Mesorhizobium, genera never previously described as microsymbionts of lentil. Phenotypically, our results indicate that L. culinaris Medik strains showed heterogenic responses to the different phenotypic features and they effectively nodulated their original host. Based on the concatenation of the 16S rRNA with relevant housekeeping genes (glnA, recA, dnaK), rhizobia that nodulate lentil belonged almost exclusively to the known R. leguminosarum sv. viciae. Interestingly, R. leguminosarum sv. trifolii, Ensifer numidicus (10 isolates) and Mesorhizobium amorphae (or M. loti) (9 isolates) isolates species, not considered, up to now, as a natural symbiont of lentil are reported. The E. numidicus and M. amorphae (or M. loti) strains induced fixing nodules on Medicago sativa and Cicer arietinum host plants, respectively. Symbiotic gene phylogenies showed that the E. numidicus, new symbiont of lentil, markedly diverged from strains of R. leguminosarum, the usual symbionts of lentil, and converged to the symbiovar meliloti so far described within E. meliloti Indeed, the nodC and nodA genes from the M. amorphae showed more than 99% similarity with respect to those from M. mediterraneum, the common chickpea nodulating species, and would be included in the new infrasubspecific division named M. amorphae symbiovar ciceri, or to M. loti, related to the strains able to effectively nodulate C. arietinum host plant. On the basis of these data, R. leguminosarum sv. trifolii (type strain LBg3 (T)), M. loti or M. amorphae sv. ciceri (type strain LB4 (T)) and E. numidicus (type strain LBi2 (T)) are proposed as new symbionts of L. culinaris Medik. © FEMS 2016. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:

  20. Patterns of expression of cell wall related genes in sugarcane

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    Lima D.U.


    Full Text Available Our search for genes related to cell wall metabolism in the sugarcane expressed sequence tag (SUCEST database ( resulted in 3,283 reads (1% of the total reads which were grouped into 459 clusters (potential genes with an average of 7.1 reads per cluster. To more clearly display our correlation coefficients, we constructed surface maps which we used to investigate the relationship between cell wall genes and the sugarcane tissues libraries from which they came. The only significant correlations that we found between cell wall genes and/or their expression within particular libraries were neutral or synergetic. Genes related to cellulose biosynthesis were from the CesA family, and were found to be the most abundant cell wall related genes in the SUCEST database. We found that the highest number of CesA reads came from the root and stem libraries. The genes with the greatest number of reads were those involved in cell wall hydrolases (e.g. beta-1,3-glucanases, xyloglucan endo-beta-transglycosylase, beta-glucosidase and endo-beta-mannanase. Correlation analyses by surface mapping revealed that the expression of genes related to biosynthesis seems to be associated with the hydrolysis of hemicelluloses, pectin hydrolases being mainly associated with xyloglucan hydrolases. The patterns of cell wall related gene expression in sugarcane based on the number of reads per cluster reflected quite well the expected physiological characteristics of the tissues. This is the first work to provide a general view on plant cell wall metabolism through the expression of related genes in almost all the tissues of a plant at the same time. For example, developing flowers behaved similarly to both meristematic tissues and leaf-root transition zone tissues. Besides providing a basis for future research on the mechanisms of plant development which involve the cell wall, our findings will provide valuable tools for plant engineering in the

  1. Vinflunine in the treatment of bladder cancer

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    Mark Bachner


    Full Text Available Mark Bachner, Maria De Santis3rd Medical Department – Center for Oncology and Hematology, Kaiser Franz Josef-Spital der Stadt Wien, and Ludwig Boltzmann-Institute for Applied Cancer Research Vienna (LBI-ACR VIEnna, Cluster Translational Oncology, Kaiser Franz Josef-Spital der Stadt Wien, and Applied Cancer Research – Institution for Translational Research Vienna (ACR-ITR VIEnna/CEADDP, Vienna, AustriaAbstract: Vinflunine (VFL is a third-generation bifluorinated semi-synthetic vinca alkaloid obtained by superacidic chemistry from its parent compound, vinorelbine. As with the other vinca alkaloids, the main antineoplastic effects of VFL arise from its interaction with tubulin, the major component of microtubules in mitotic spindles. In contrast to other vinca alkaloids, VFL shows some distinctive properties in terms of tubulin binding, possibly explaining its superior antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo compared with vinorelbine as well as its excellent safety profile. In transitional cell carcinoma (TCC, two single-agent phase II trials were performed testing VFL in platinum-pretreated patients, showing moderate response rates and promising disease control rates. Therefore, the first phase III trial in modern times for second-line TCC of the urothelium was designed in order to further investigate the activity of VFL. First results were presented at the 2008 ASCO conference. VFL appears to be a possible treatment option for patients with TCC progressing after first-line platinum-containing chemotherapy.Keywords: vinflunine, transitional cell carcinoma (TCC of the bladder, bladder cancer, chemotherapy, second-line chemotherapy

  2. The impact of health technology assessment reports on decision making in Austria. (United States)

    Zechmeister, Ingrid; Schumacher, Ines


    Health technology assessment (HTA) was established in Austria in the 1990s and, since then, it has gained considerable importance. In this study, we aim to analyze whether the HTA reports that have been produced at the Institute for Technology Assessment (ITA) and at the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for HTA (LBI-HTA) have had an impact on decision making within the Austrian health care system. We selected all reports that were intended for supporting (i) reimbursement/investment or (ii) disinvestment decisions. Eleven full HTA reports and fifty-eight rapid assessments fulfilled the inclusion criteria. We used interview data and administrative data on volumes, tariffs and expenditure of products/services to analyze whether and how reports were in reality used in decision making and what the consequences for health care expenditure and resource distribution have been. Five full HTA reports and fifty-six rapid technology assessments were used for reimbursement decisions. Four full HTA reports and two rapid assessments were used for disinvestment decisions and resulted in reduced volumes and expenditure. Two full HTA reports showed no impact on decision making. Impact was most evident for hospital technologies. HTA has played some role in reducing volumes of over-supplied hospital technologies, resulting in reduced expenditure for several hospital providers. Additionally, it has been increasingly included in prospective planning and reimbursement decisions of late, indicating re-distribution of resources toward evidence-based technologies. However, further factors may have influenced the decisions, and the impact could be considerably increased by systematically incorporating HTA into the decision-making process in Austria.

  3. Patients' Priorities Regarding Female-to-Male Gender Affirmation Surgery of the Genitalia-A Pilot Study of 47 Patients in Sweden. (United States)

    Jacobsson, Josephine; Andréasson, My; Kölby, Lars; Elander, Anna; Selvaggi, Gennaro


    their specific benefits and limitations to make an informed choice. Jacobsson J, Andréasson M, Kölby L, et al. Patients' Priorities Regarding Female-to-Male Gender Affirmation Surgery of the Genitalia-A Pilot Study of 47 Patients in Sweden. J Sex Med 2017;14:857-864. Copyright © 2017 International Society for Sexual Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Health technology assessment of medical devices: What is different? An overview of three European projects. (United States)

    Schnell-Inderst, Petra; Mayer, Julia; Lauterberg, Jörg; Hunger, Theresa; Arvandi, Marjan; Conrads-Frank, Annette; Nachtnebel, Anna; Wild, Claudia; Siebert, Uwe


    With the growing use and importance of health technology assessment (HTA) in decision making during recent years, health technology assessors, decision makers and stakeholders are confronted with methodological challenges due to specific characteristics of health technologies (e. g., pharmaceuticals, diagnostic tests, screening programs), their developmental environment, and their regulation process. Being aware of the necessity to use HTA as a policy instrument for sustainable health care systems in a regulatory environment of decentralized Conformité Européenne (CE) marking, the European Union (EU) is increasingly supporting the development of methods for the assessment of medical devices (MD) on different levels: within the scope of European research projects and within joint assessment activities of the member states of the European network for Health Technology Assessment (EUnetHTA). First, this article describes three projects: MedtecHTA-Methods for Health Technology Assessment of Medical Devices, a European Perspective Work Package 3 (WP3), Comparative Effectiveness of Medical Devices led by the University for Health Sciences, Medical Informatics and Technology (UMIT). Second, we discuss the experiences of the Ludwig Boltzmann Institute Health Technology Assessment (LBI HTA) with the joint production of rapid assessments of medical devices by several European HTA agencies within EUnetHTA. Third, a brief outline is given of the framework of joint methodological guideline elaboration by the EUnetHTA partner organizations because a guideline for therapeutic MD is also being developed here. We will describe aims, methods and some preliminary results of MedtecHTA and EUnetHTA Joint Action 2 Work Package 5 Strand B (WP5B) applying the HTA Core Model for Rapid Assessment for national adaptation and reporting, and give an overview of the development process of methodological guidelines within WP 7 of EUnetHTA Joint Action 2. Based on a literature review in Medtec

  5. United States Naval Academy Polar Science Program's Visual Arctic Observing Buoys; The IceGoat (United States)

    Woods, J. E.; Clemente-Colon, P.; Nghiem, S. V.; Rigor, I.; Valentic, T. A.


    frosting on the camera during these same periods indicating that the anemometer has temporarily frozen up. Later when the camera lens clears, the anemometers resume providing reasonable wind speeds. The cameras have also provided confirmation of the onset of melt and freeze, and indications of cloudy and clear skies. USNA PSP will monitor meteorological and oceanographic parameters of the Arctic environment remotely via its own buoys. Web cameras will provide near real time visual observations of the buoys current positions, allowing for instant validation of other remotes sensors and modeled data. Each buoy will be developed with at a minimum a meteorological sensor package in accordance with IABP protocol (2m Air Temp, SLP). Platforms will also be developed with new sensor packages to possibly include, wind speed, ice temperature, sea ice thickness, underwater acoustics, and new communications suites (Iridium, Radio). The uniqueness of the IceGoat is that it is based on the new AXIB buoy designed by LBI, Inc. that has a proven record of being able to survive in the harsh marginal ice zone environment. IceGoat1 will be deployed in the High Arctic during the USCGC HEALY cruise in late August 2012.